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P 340. I 


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by Google 

"' T H ^ 





; A G E N E R A L V I E W 

O F T H E , 

Religion, Politieks, Entejrtainment, ^c, 

find a fuccinft Account of 


Foreign and domestic k* 

For the Year Mdccxxxix. 


Ne qttid falfi dUere audeat, ne quid vert mn atidiat. 


? . i 


Printed by Sands, Brtmbr, MuRRL4,v«,gin3(^t^RAM. 



by Google 

P R E F- A C E. 


HE general increafeof readers for fome years paft, 
and the niany advantages ariiing from it in a nation 
where Liberty is enjoy*d, have encouraged various 
attempts to fiiit the learning of the times to the pur- 
chafe and opportunity of perfons of every ftation. 

Amongst thefe^ after many trials without fucceis; after 
Momhhf Mercurusy ChromcUs^ Regifters^ AmufementSy &c. had 
been tried in vain, a Monibhf Mazazine at laft appeared, which, 
from the induftry and influence of the proprietor, fbon met with 
encouragement ; the variety of confifled, and the unu- 
fual quantity it contained, yielding latisfadion to all who gave 
it a peruial. 

The kind reception which the Genllemat^s Magazine met 
w/dv quickly produced a rival -, and as it is much eafier to im- 
prove the plan of another, than to form one, the London Maga^ 
zfs^ajppear'd with Ibme advantage: And, had not the managers 
of that work difcover'd fo much prejudice againft the Gcnde-> 
men to whom they owed its exiftence, it would, probably, have 
had litperior fuccefs. But, as it is, they are both enabled to 
appear with hx more advantage than any works of the fame 
kind which preceeded them. 

The demand for thefe Magazines being confiderable in this 
kingdom, and our diftance from the place of their publication 
rendering their contents ftale before they came to hand, feveral 
lerfons were put upon endeavouring to remove thefe inconvc- 
niacies by fiipplying their place wiA a prpduftion of our own. 
But Alls was founa liable to fo many difficulties as were not eafily 

removed: though at length they were furmounted; and' 

Tbe SCOTS M)i GAZINEwsis oBfer^d the puWicfc when 
the tafte fbt iiich colleftions promised all defirable fuccels. — •— ^ 
And we arc fer from complaining of its reception. 

j» Digitized by VjOOQjyp£* 


Besides thefe, there were other, more important cauleS 
for undrrtaking th^ work » fmce^fardjdithtiir^a/SaiJJi^^ 
abilraftedly confider'd, is worthy our moft watchful attention : 
In whkh yic;w we have had the pleafucie -of gaining the thaiiJis 
and approbatioaof feiaeml Gentlemen who have done great 4io- 
nciir to this undertaking. And while many are fo variouflyien- 
gaged to promote the particular intereft of the more Southern 
part of this ifland, it is at leaft laudable^ if it be not necdSarf^ 
to pay fome feparate regard to the welfare and profperitr of a 
countty that has been the fcene of affions the memory ^iiereof 
will ever bloom while Fame exifb. 

F0R9. though ia many things calculated for the good oi Great 
BritaiHy Scotland is Jittk more dian nominally confidei'd 5 her 
diftance from the feat of monarchy, inflead of difpiridng, ftoukl 
prompt her Ions to compenlai^e thsLt misfortune by their esctra* 
ordinary zeal in her fervice, tofhewthenrfelvcseqi»l to the pre- 
fent difadvanisage of their fituation ; and, by an camcft «ertion 
of Aeir talents, revive that univerfel eftccm which ScoTi akd 
fo juftiy acquir'd amongft her neighbours by the ralour and 
Icarningof pur jtnceflors^ 

B EsiDEs thefe, feveral other reafbns produced this AtitgatMe'^ 

One^ That our readers mi^t have a more impordai view: 
of political difputes than had af^peared in any other. 

Jlmtbir^ That the oocurreoces of Eur^ m^ht not be 
wholly Ipft, to make room for the low views of private per-^ 
fons ; and that the fate of kingdQ03$ might iH>t give place to^ 
perfonal quarrels. 

T H AT the juft and grievous diargs of cqfiratm and muti^ 
lotion m^ht be entirelv remov'd^ by admitting every Gcnde- 
man to ipeak his own langus^. / 

.T H A T the Cakdotian Mufe mig^t not be teft«un*d by want . 
of a fm^lick Echo to her fong. 

And, fiudfy^ That our countrymen might have the pro-, 
duftions of every month,* fiwncr, cheaper, and better coUcfted, , 
than before. I 


■ i 

Digitized by VJV_7V_7V l 

P R B :f J C E. is 

Stfcfi was our phut Andif diofepf ovcauotrfmeii wiio 
ssrbiafled in (kvour of iup-fisldiM pnidiiftiom, will <leign us a 
cytckal pera&l, we flamr ourfelws with being found to exceed 
nrbreduen in inaaj artidesi and we hwe endearoarM to be 
teliiml them in none.-— —We have to oonftandy pnferred die 
pleaiure of our readers to any low Gonfideradons of our own in^ 
ttrcRy that we cannot but hope any variadon from.thoie of 
Eif^bady wiiidi may at firft be diAikM merely for being a va- 
mdoBy witlbeKadayappixiv'dit()Oiiaftriftcoaq)arife^ 

To £iy more tkpon this fU>je£t, would be pafling chat judg- 
nxnt wiiich we ou^hty and di^ufbUy do, iiil^^ 
To&ylefi, woddbeeoually fiitgeatobkaie; aswetfaink, in 
an ondertaking of dm kind, it is as neoeflary tt> offer our m^ 
theSy as oar ferformame^ to the judgment of our 'readers. 

Thovch we do not ofS^ tofff^ the intendon of this work 
ib far as to pictend to be free from all defire of g^ ; we can, 
widi die otmoft fincerity, affiire the publidc, duic any inoeafe 
to die generous encouragement we have ah'cady met widi, ftaU 
be careiidly applied toward making tins Magaxme move accept- 
able. And we hope we have already convinced our readers, 
chat w>e are as cameft after its merit, as die profits it may be ex- 

peded to pro^Ke: Thou^ d^ may, indeed, be vindicau 

ted from die rules of nrivate policy^ for, however men may 
from inddcoce, or other caufes, be fometirhes deceived, profic 
IS only acddental where ^ foundadon for expefUng it is not 
good. — If our great labour and emenoe produce not an ade- 
quate return to our readers, we muK inevitably be lofen by our 
afiiduity : And if we are found w<x'diy the continuance and in«* 
creafe of the countenance we have received, we are bold to lav, 
we fear not but we fliail have it : fince, notwithftanding the fa^ 
fiuomd^complaiQt agunft die modem tafte, it is oar opimon*, 
&it though fomedmes, fixxn unavcndablecircumftaiices, a work 
of ^nerit may fail of the encouragement it defervcs; yetfuchia* 
ibmos are very rate, when compaifd with the numerous attempts 
made, iiitfaout even a probability of fuooefi, by perfons incapiUe 
of executbg what they undertake. 

Our moft grateful thanks are due toour many kind and in- . 
goiious correfpondents j by whofe aid we havg b|:^^9rcaxly if- 

a 2 . fiftcd. 


F. R E J* Ji. c: JSr, 

ffifted) and the pubUck agneeably entertained. And' we n()ufl 
own, that the c^earfiil hdp we have received from moft para 
iof this kingdom, gives yet farther hq)cs of fupcpls, as it proves ' 
diatthfe.real iiitentiQn>o£ Thq S^ots Magazine is agreeable 
;to.tbofe upon whofe iavoupit muft principally, if not entir^y^ 
depend. . . ' . * : ■: . 

: We hope our conduft, with refped to our corr<^pondeitt8^ I 
has Qonvinced them of. an unbi^fled regard to whatever they | 
have favoured us with, by giving all poShble attention to what 
J^flayswdhavercoeivMjnvcrl^orprofe*. When we have rq^im?d j 
any, widibutinlGbrting them,; we hope the reafoas given for mbh { 
omii&ons have been faiisfa^ry :. And if the authors of tliofe. 
whidi have been omitted imd not called^ for, will be pkaiSed tQ|U 
refle6^, the caufe.of.qqr omi^g ti^m^ wiU be eafily difooveAd ^ 
for, as no private views have influenced our choice, and as ori^ ' 
ginals are To accepta^e to all readei^ it is^ evidently againft our 1 
inclination to kave out any we receive. — ^^Many we hp^e now 
by us which will foon appear : but \irhen tjip nature of a Mani^ I 
zinc is conftdered, we fliall not be blamed for fmall delays^ whK^ 
are fbmedmes unavoidable* . : ; ; i 

. Impartiality isfonecefi&iyinacompikr, thatviw^^oub^ 
not but our readers will e)^cuJle our iniertingibme fentimentsi diey^ 
may not altogether approye, and iome that ieem evep inqonfi-. 
ftent with each other. In Religion and Politicks^ efpedally, it is 
impoflU>le to avoid offering what foniej^iltsdnurewhilft others , 
difapprove : In the latter, to avoid the tedious controverfi^l oXi^ . 
fereations between one writer wid another, we have chieflyxon- 
fined ourfelves to Inlays upon the moft important and inteccft^ 
ingfubjeds. . . . _ . 

. We fiiall only add, that as our ftudy is toinftru£tand«nter- ^ 
tain, in fach manner asjs moft agreeable to our readers, weihaHL^' 
chearfully cdpiply with any hints g^ym^for die improvement ot« 
our defign ; and beg leave to repeat it. again, that before every 
tifn^elie,.whatever concerns the intereft of thttkingdom^ihau^ 
always be preferred 5 for as ppr IjJxJurs, • To arp oun wilhgi cn:^^ 
ployed on the Prosperity of SCOTLAND. ' . 

Edinburgh, Dec. 31* p^, -> : ^>v 

• , ' •* . » Digitized by Vs^iOOviC ^J^ 

... I 7 3 9. : .-. '^ : 

T H e 


A- N.'D'. -- ■ ' -• • ' 


\ -^ ^ ■;; ,; 't:'a n u a KXy 'w^v,-; 

" \ Ifo Be'cSrilinued' every Worjth. • Prte Sixpence each..- .; 


^ ^^ 

rA Su»>£AST.of theSjtateof Europe 
' at the bpginmng of the yfear. 1 7^9. 
' Weeic^'y- fi&ys-rOhtheanrcttledftate 

- of pytafeiJ? r Mr. D'Ahvi&n!s (pe^ 
" -^ hisldcpartii^ friends ; Tlic fnt>je- 
' . 6tQr*s'foBcc^1toinCbfn[m6ri'%ft&,|rfr. 
.> o ET I c A L Eflkys. The ^rft Pfitei Jnji- ^ 
taccd i To^he Rt. Hon A^im S^-t ; 

C 0;N TA i N I N.Gi; ,4.:^ 

4-^*TheRelapfc; OdetoW.P-. — f 
\, Efq; On Mr. Murray's marriage i* 
* . Sufpiriuln, 6fr. ^ v ' ' - -^ ' '• 
A I^^ter from' Laildoir relating toth^ 

Hqwestick Occurpcnccsy 
toREiCN^Afl^. v.* :^ -; ^^' 
<^gilterof Bo^KSk ' , ' ". 


• ' :N. B, -* h.Mfrof^^[Tf%jay tJdt M§g^4MU^a complete Chronicle of, the Timk 
:pim its ctmmauiment^ ^j^l^^^nfixt anyiFoliiicatDebatij^ tiU/we'^can 0^ tbdfo. . 
^ ff tie enrret^ jeani , hvhf^bi kudN^contftmrni it/ith all fagtifk cchefrom the ttmo^ \ 

^D/NBV^Ci^ifrWAi^hyW. S>(n'i>s, A.' Brymer. A^l/ivkR^r'^d 
J. Cochran. Soidjby tfee BookfellM uiTowji s«d,GtfUtttryi an4 at the* 
pjittting-hQufe ijiBymf^ Ctefc. MDC^XXXIX. 


A Sum MARY of the ftate of Eunype. 

STate of the TurkjA tfrfire p. 5 

Treaty 'with P. Ragotjki^ bis death 4 
State of the Ruffian empire ib. 

Scot/men in high ftations tkfre ib. 

ConduS f^ CeUnt Miinicb awd Lacy ad- 
mimhle J 

^tate of the Gerfnah empire ib. 

UnhJppyfaieof DoxatandComhery ib. 
State of Poland, . It ehferves a ftriS 

netOrality, Reafons lAjhy 6 

The Papers domnions in a had ftate ib. 
Napkt, and the T<uco Sidiies like If to make 

a figure iii Europe . ib. 

Corfican tiffairs uncertain ib. 

Theodore fttpported by fome crOfwn 7 

yenict obfi^s a neutrality ib. 

Difturbauces at Geneva accommodated by 

the Mediation ofFrarue ib. 

DifferehCe ietwixt Sardinia and the Em* 

peror . ib. 

Pruffia in a gpadfituation ib. 

Denmark ibfroved in its trade ib. 

Regulaticms in their reUgmtceremimes ib. 
S'vkden in^rviPd 8 

Liitk rtmarkeAk in Portugal ib. 

Spain lately inaSiw ib. 

France in a flouring cofkdition ib. 
States General intent on the accommodation 

hetwixt Great Britain and Spain ib. 
J^ijpuiu like^ to arife about the fuccejjion 

to Berg and Juiiers ib. 

Great Britain intent on the negotiation t 
■ with Spain ib. 

Perfia involv'd by a rebellion 9 

Mufvcco a fcene of rapine and hbod ib. 
Plantation affairs uncertain ib. 

Weekly Essays. 

On the unfettled ftate of our affairs 9 

CmoFweVj lett^ to the French King 1 1 

*Mr, D ""Anvers to his departing friends 1 2 

. Sale of theatrical goods 1 5 

Charaaer of K, Henry V. ij 

A3 for granting letters ofmarqui 1 8 

■ Bngli^ princes careful of the property of 

their fiibjeQs 19 

Pantahn made a mnifter 20 

Arpamnts for efteenung the indnftrimti 

poor p. 23 

Lwv tffami a prevailing pajson 2 5 
Odd ihftances of it in the dSrefs offomn 

modem beans 26 

CdmplainttsgAnft^mn nffbo tUtteimttbe 

fair fex , ib. 

Arguinents for putthtg Innvs ftriS^f in 

execution a afafc^ 

Hfe navymere ufefulthan the afney^ SKP^ 

nuorfe paid , 3* 

Thoughts on the improvement rftbeftt^eib. 
The King^s^cJe to parlianitnt 32 

A flight, — On Mr. Mmntfs nuatittge^ 

— Imitated 33 J 

Horace^ lib, i . Ode 26. parapbre^d 33 
De urhe far ponte Lendinenfi. — I^zue^ 
Book 2. Ode 14. imitated, -^ On the 
Poet L — /. — To a Lath weeping at 
her fifter^s wedding. — Su^rium. — 
Uni<verfal Prayer 34 

neftrft Pfabn imitated.^To the Rt. 
Hon, Mifs St-'-t 35 

The Rebuff SSJ 

To ^.-...«Pw.;y, Efyi — fJewyea^i 
Ode 37 

Song 38 

A letter relating to the Stage^ &C. ib, 

Domeftick Occurrences. 
Account of the Royal Infirmary 39 

• •/ the Society for prope^ing 

Chriftian Knovjledge 40 

of the late 'violent ftorm ib. 

Lift tffisps thereby damaged 41 

Propofalsjfor ereOing adHo^italform-^ 

pfying the Poor, &c. in Edinburgh 42 

Mirriages and Birth t 

Foreign affairs 

Regifiorof rnmheJu 



4S I 

I I ■ I I 1—^^— I I ^ 

The Scots Maga^ne^ 

JANUARY, 1719* 

J Sammaty ^OeStaLttp/EUKOFE fhtm, that tbey want nekber ooonge 
^ ihe bgimoMg of thi Tuar 1739. to fuflain an attack, nor jadement to 

ini^ixnre an advantage : We Save iem 

THE mteieftft of die ievexat their fiootiers invaded bf two poiverfiil 
Powen of Europe never empires^ «vho fent fintr oonfideiable ar« 
flo ft oa t ed more ki tiine of A mies upon them at one tune^with fuch 
the moft general war and tapidi^as thieataed no left than their 
confiifioD than they have ibribine yean meeting in the heart of the Saltan's do- 
psil ; which yet hare not been remark* mkuotis 1 yet they have prevented al-^ 
able fcr any^neat event tending to the moft every danger that tiueatned thcnt 
advaatagc ofReligion'Or Liberty : And from fo formi^ie an inva£on, at the 
tfaoi^ every crown has been concerned B leaft expenoe of bk)od chat can be inuii- 
to fiidlitate or retard the views tS the gined } a few well-judged marches and 
amteading patties, it is not eafy to coimter-marches hairing prevented the 
deteimine woo has cained moft by the hazard of oenend enpgcments: and 
many fchemrs and aOianoes which have, ibme flight blockades have avoided the 
more or \d&^ alarmfd eveiy .ftate in lois of Etood, the fiimine and mifery, 
Europe. C that conftantly attend fieges ; Oczakow; 

Perecop, Ni£a, Qrfova, Ufitxa, £5^r. 
The TvRK IS H empire has loi^ been having been taken from the I'urks with 
koked upon as able to raife a prodi- much expence juid difficulty, but re* 
gioas number of troops on any emer* gained with nncommon eafe. 
geacy ; but thoie troops were oonmionly Before the opening of the laft cam« 
thought deftitote of the difdpline ne- D paign, the Grand Vizier was depoiec^ 
cef&ry to enable an armv to ad with and fome officers whom he moft inr 
foocefs; and their want o/commanders trufted, were executed. On the ad* 
fufficieatiy experienced in the art of vancement of his fooceffiir, who now 
war, has been ufed as one argument of .fills that high office, we were tokl by 
die eafe with which the Ottomans mi^ht repeated acooants from all quarters^ 
be difpo^^ed of the many valu^le £ that he was the moft ignorant hot- 
pioviqpes they hold in Europe ; and the headed minifter that ever was raifed to 
seat propenfity of the fubjeds of the fo high a trull ; that he was wholly nap* 
foite to idarredion and rebellion, hasi ikiUed in civil government, and knew 
hdped to ftrengthen the opinuNi of its not any thing ot the art of war ; being 
beiag incapable to withftand a genera! equally contemned by the divan, ani 
attadc from the feveial Powers whofe F hated by the army: Bur, from what has 
dominions join thofe of the Grand Sei^ happened during his miniftry, we mnft 
gDk>r. But the late bravery and con«- think him greatly miireprefented, or 
dud of the Turkiih forces lay us under peculiarly happy in his amilant coun* 
a neoeffity of ch^iging our ientiments I'ellorF, and prudent commanders, 
with regard to their courage and (kill The countenance and fupport which 
« martial, opeiatbnsj for they have Ttince Ragotfki* hcreditaiy Fnnoe of 

A SU M MA RY of the 

Tranfilvania, faTr. for fomc time re- 
ceived fixmi the brtoA Seignior^ has 
probably been ofcod k kr ab le fervioe to 
the Turks on the fide of Hongaiy; it 
being generally faid, that the natives of 
that and the adjaoeiit countries have fo A 
warm^an afie^Hon fer that Prince, as - 
indined them rather to chufe being go- 
verned by a Turk who fupported mm 
with dignity and honour, than even by 
a Pope who they imagined kept him 

rebel named Saris Bey Oglew, who has 
laid the'whole neieh&Nirhoody and evea 
the city itfelfy under contribution, and 
is now iaid to command above 20/300 


Theemjmie of Russia has, die two 
lafl campaigns, gained great honour hy 
the valour and oondud of its troops i 
which indifputably is in a good mea^ 
fure owing to the g^eat reibrt of Gen-*^ 

from the pofiefiion of his inheritance. B tlemen from other countries, who are 
And the Porte appears fo fenQble of this, dmwn thither by their love of warliloK 

that, as- an hcmour before unheard of^ 
in March laft the Grand Seignior con- 
cluded a treaty with that Prince, con- 
liftii^ of eleven articles ; thepindpal 

adlions, aad the jjenerofity with which 
ftrangers are received by the illuftrious 
Miilrefs of the Ruffian empiie ; who, fiu; 
from confining her favours to her own 

of wEich were, *' That Prince Ragotiki C fubieds, or receding any for beiif bom 
" fhould be acknowlc^ed Free Sove- under other governments, makes ne 

reign of Hungary and Tranfilvania; 

** that the Chnftians, fubjeds of the 

^ faid Prince, fhall have the free exer- 

' cife of their religion in the Ottoman 

rit the foleobjed of her regard. And 
that the bounty fhe beftows is not ill- 
evident from the fervices done 
brave ceuntrymen under the 

placed, is 
Dv our t 

*^ enipire; that the eledion of his fuc- D Ruffian banners. And we may furely 

*' cefiors fhall be accordii^ to the kws 
's of the country, indepei^entlyof the 
*< Ottoman Porte: On condition, ne- 
'^ verthelefs. That in cafe of a war in 
Europe, Prince Rogotiki fhaft march 

be indidged to take a httle ratbnat 
pride, in finding no adion of confequence 
performed in which the Gentlemen of 
this nation are not in a particular man- 
ner diftinguifbed for their faiaYery and 

** to the Grand Seignior's aififtance with £ refolution : At the head of the .RufGaa 
** an army of 100,000 men.'* Soon fleet we find a Gordon ; in the high- 

after this treaty was f^ned, a defign 
was difcover'd amoi^ many of the Hun- 
|;arian Nobles, to introduce the Prince 

perial Maji 
6000 florins 
the Prince was 

whereupon his Im- 

efl rank of the army, a Kbith ; and 
D o VG LAS, L Es L I Y, and many mme, 
fend their names from the extremities 
of that vafl empire, and even from the 
publifhed a reward of Finmoft plains of Tartary) which was 
r his head ; which when not long ago obferved by the author of 
one of the London Daily Papers, as an 
inlbmce the Scots nation might jufUy 
boaH ; '^ while our countrymen, atlded 
" he, have few other feats to brag of 

[uainted with, he in 
a reward of 100,000 
ducats for the head of the Archduke, 
dead or alive. ^The death of this 

Prince is confirmed from Widdin, andG ** but what are performed in the Hay- 
will, jprobaUy, haveconfiderableefied " market on an opera or mafquerade 

on amiirs in Tranfilvania and Hungary. 
A peace between the Turks, Ruffi- 
ans, 2uod Imperialifb, was much talked 
oflaflwinter, and is now revived; but 

night." — But, to return. 

Though the fuccefs of the Ruffian 
arms, in almoft eveiy attack thev have 
made upon, and in every fkirmifn they 

the prefent fuccefs of the Turks leaves H have had with the Turiu, is confirmed 

not much room for the Chriftian Powers 
to exped the Grand Seignior will agree 
■to any articles of advantage to the em^ 
phes with which he is engaged. 

The country a|x)qt Smyrna has for 
fowji tim« been greatly owlcfied by « 

from all quarters ; yet the large extent 
of the countries lyii^ between the Ruf- 
fian territories and the fcenes of adion» 
have rendered the advantages arifiqg 
from thefe operations much lefs oonfi- 
dmblc ;haft m^h« wtunJlv have been 

srJTE a/ EVROTE. 5 

cxpefiedfrom fochaferiesof (bccds: took Pereoop when cnpofedhy an aimy 
For, tfae enemy makiiv it their firft cait dottbk the number of his. 
to hj waAe the coontnes through wluch The Bafhaw taken at Oczakow, and 
tfaeKaffians woe to xnaich, the diffiod- another brought by Count laacy from 
^ and hasard attending their receiviiM; theCrim^ are both pnfoners at huge in 
pRnriiioiB, would have difpirited almoft A IVterAxirg. 
any other tioops in the world. And, 

when we confider them many handled The affiiirs of the German empire 
miks ia an enemy's country, dependitf are at preient in an indifferent iituati*- 
4n no odier fnocoor or fupply than what on. At the opening of lail campaign, 
teadrd them by the fame tedious rout the Imperial armies marched iiito the 
tfaemleKres had taken, to find them van- B field with k>ud declarations of retrie* 
qaMang armies fiu- fmrior in number ving the cmdit «f the German arm v, 
to their own, muft (ufficiently evince iaxTto be k>ft by the ill oxidiift of the 
their abilitieB for war, and the advantji- valiant and ereatly unfortunate Count 
m tfaey would have procured for their Seckendorf ; but, mftead of gaining ho- 
A npe r ial Mtibeft, had they been em- nour or advantage iw hisLnperial Ma* 
ed to fubdne countries as eafilyCjefiy, his foiees feem to have given 
; as conquerM. ground almoft as foft as the Ottomans 

^cit Maiihal Munich (under whom came to take it| while the governors of 
the Enrl of Crawford forved volumier the garrifons they left, deftitule of men 
laft campam ) ftandsconfisisM thegreat- and provifions, to the mercy of the ene- 
eftGcneralEnropeGBnnowboaft: that my,fel] victims to their frieiids,for taking 
g^eat commander having difplay'd fuch D the beft fteps left m their power. '*— 
caoQwe and ooodudi fuch (wkbefs to In this jdaoe it is fcarce poffible to a- 
attadi^ and wifdom to avoid an en* voiddropping t tear to the memory of 
«genient, when not promifing of vi- the brave and long-experienced Gene* 
^dory, as equsds what we moft admire ral Doxat, who was executed at Bel^ 
intheg^peatefthBcoesofantiqiuty: And grade fisr the furrender of Niila i and 
every adkm of this Genetal difoovert fo E the valiant Count Comben;, whofe big 
nmcii caution aod faevendve care, that heart bnAe under arreft, for delivering 
it is not eafy, on forae occafions, to iqpOrfova, when he had only i jo men 
know which deierves mc^ praiie, th^ left to bring out of it. Hard is the fol- 
fwliddan or the foldier. diePs lot, who can only fare his life by 

Vdt Marfoal Laqr has likewifo fup^ viAory, when he u deftitute of eveiy 
ported his damfkr with great honour, P thiiMr necefiaty to obtain i t f 
through the various, diffioilt and daa^ '\^iatever were the motives of his 
geroos expeditions he hks been employ- Imperial Majc^ for commencing ho- 
cd in ; m all which he has aded aa ftihties a^nft the Turks, the fortune 
much for the honour and intereft of hu that has hitherto attended his arms can- 
Imperial Miftrefs, as the nature of the not any way have anfwered his expe- 
cperatkms affigned him would admit. Gdation ; for, bafide the lofs of ieveral 
Thetwolaftcan^ttignshewaseinB^ed thonfand fubje^, if we believe fomo 

vrithaverv fierce andadiveanxwortW* accounts whidi came with gnat appear* 

laiSy heattxi by a large body ot veteran ance of trudi, a oonfiderable diilriA gf 

TdHdih doops, w)u> uied their ntmoft country has beenloft on the fide of Tav 

Ikin to difiieu and haiafs this General mifwaer, (fff . .^nd *tis allowed, by ad- 
in a country that was their own, whileH vices fimn Vienna, that the Turks, after 

his whole army had not a pint fi water having aflembled an army in the neigh^r 

without obtaining it by the fword c yet, bourhood of Belgrade, -have demanded 

under thefe, and numerous other hard- contributions of that province, and alio 

jh^w, hepoflefiedhimfelfof feveralad- of Croatia. 

vantageouspofb, overcame thofebodie» This infucceis of the Imperialifta 

«f tte VBcay wjiidi attack'd him^ aod cannotpoffibly be attributed to the want 


J SU M MA R r of the 

of mentor of fidlfulcommaji^rs; for* 

notwithflaiuiinff the loflbs the empirr 
hafi fttftalned of Generals Within thefe 
few yearsy his Imperial M ajefty is ftiU 
poflefled of Count Konkfegg^ Seckea- 

ving been requiied by one Prince f0 
make Bifliops^ ^c. and a privilege in- 
filled on by another to be excuicd the 
payment of what had hitherto been »- 
fteemed a iaaed tribute i fior ' 

dorfy Khevenhullcr, Pidfir^ilbouig- A his temporal authority bcesn thought 

haufen, Wallis, and feveral others, who 
have given the world convincing marks 
of their fitneis for command. 

Po L ANn was fo reduced by the blood 

fufBcient to jvevent the march of fome 
troops thnn^h his dominions^ he hal- 
ving been one week glad to furnifh IMX>- 
viiions for the iame reKuiieiit»> wnicJa 
the week before he fomad etitring his 

and confiifion which attended the ele- B territories: And^if thehomOtirof leffel»- 
£Uon of its prefent Sf^ereign, that thr ing hisauthoritjr ihould continue amoog; 

neutrality fbe has hitherto endeavoured 
to prefeive in the difputes between her 
neiehbonrs on all fides, is by far the 
moft eligible condud of any, in a king- 

thofe Princes who profefs an obedience 
to his decrees, it b to be i^jpiehendect 
if he has a kii^dom at all, it muft not 
be of this wor&i but that he wiU be 

dom whofe ibength was fo near beii^ C obliged, in good eameft, ta feek it in 
exhaufted by its own inteftine broils : anomer. 

And this neutrality was the more neoef^ 
iaiy for Poland, fince, had that crown 
dedaicd for either of the contending 
parties, its dominions would almoft in- 

Dcm Oarlos zmtAa now to be fijoed 
in the quiet po0ibi£on of the kingdoma oT 
Naples and the Two Sicilies $ 

evitably have become the theatre of the D he having been acknowledged as Sove* 
war, from its convenient fituation fof reign of thefe dominions by moil of the 

that puipofe, and the known majtim of 
all commanders, to remove the foene of 
adUon into an enemy's countiy. 
The Grand Seignior has more than 

£ur9pean Princes, as well as by his Ho* 
llneis, whoie acknowledgment always 
trots hard after poiXeffion : And thefe 
kingdoms, being joined in one Prince, 

once aiTured his PoTifh Majefty, that not £ whofe fole care wl be their good go 
the fmallefl injury ihall be dofte thePo- vemment, will probably makejt oonfi* 

)ifh territories by the Turkifh troops, 
if he contiAoes to preferve an ^laSt 
lieutrality in the prefent contdb be- 
tween the Porte, Ruilia and Germany. 

deraUe fiiurr in the afraiit of Europe ; 
thouj?h &ir ftrength was icaroe dif^ 
cemiole while in the hands of a Prince 
whofe greater dominkxib (Wallowed the 

And the Emperor and the Csarina, tho' F attention necef&ry' to proibote the in- 
fo extraordinarily affiftii^ to laife his ■ tereft and advant^ee of theie : it be^ 

ing certain, that m^eapolitan Maje* 
fty has made ihrerafWulations tend-* 
ing to the eafe and aov^tH^ge of his 
(u^jeds i_ and his^ marriageS^ thft 


Polifh Majefty to the throne he now en- 
joys, have generoufly confidered the dif- 
^culties furrounding him, and havt not 
demandedthataMance, whichhecould 

not well have re&ifed, however fiital G Princefs Royal of Poland lias 
it might hacvt proved to his fubjeas. the general approbation of the 

of both crowns. 
The ftftte of the feveral fovereipities 
of Italy has called the publi^ at- Corsica has long fumiifaed fabtea 
tention for fome years i apd, whatever of fpeculation to the politicians of Eu- 
jnterefls have influenced the Pt^inces pof- H rope. The accepting Baion Thmdne 
feiled of that countiy to diilrefs the £c- as Sovereign of that liland ; his faddea 

defiailical State, the Holy Father has 
always, however rcluilant, confented 
to what has been infilled on by his 
heighbours, as well as to the demands 
of more diilant crowns ; a right ha- 

departoK^m th^ce , his detainment 
and quiet releafe in Holland ; his Wf» 
pearancc at fome other places i his re- 
turn to G(»iica, and reported coki re- 
ceptions and the great quanrities ofam« 
■• f ^"^'-^'^^^^^^'^ punitiw^ 

SrAT E of ZV HO^E. 7 

auaitiaD^ f^t. ht (ent thkber dwidg bendoii«(wkiiellM&leof wariisein'd 

hk ahkBSt, afid took with himk^i fttcmo^} ietennBfiiiki awatndity 

tlis large ioins he maft haveesqpended^ in the cootdb betweca the Chriftitti ' 

and the feemiiig impoffibilily of his Powenand tbeTorkfts probably aota 

laifin^anyfamat ail: havebaffledthe Uttk u> their adraafagei hmiigthem- 
peoecratioBof the moAdikemiog: For> A by recared\heir pbini ftoii bkoi^ ami 

as iveha.1^ been oftta tM, that this i- their trade horn interraption. 
dnenuit Monarch ii foppoited by fOfne 

aowut which, the woiid little ifioupms Some inldUne broik* whieh tfanae* 

lofaecmioertiedinhisibrtaaeiyitisiia- nodthe Qtmoft damir to the repMbtick 

tsiai to thinks that thepirioittiituatl- of Gbrbta« have oeaiaoaiiilaodaMd 
00 of his a£un woddhivedijieafrcicd B by the nodiiitiiig hand of Ff ee^ and 

theemals of thcaids he haifotttiiiie the cantonsof Zurich and Bemi and 

to time received s bat» bywhatappean the dty reftoied to its fbtna tiaafiil- 

bjr the laft advices finom Italy, evenr lity. 
Aag lekting to him remaim at mam 

a fecret now aa at hb iiift Mampu on A diHemice has .6r (bme time fid*- 
loyaity. « Cfifted between his SaaomiAKM^QcAr 

The inteipofidonof hisMoftChdfti* and the Emperor, concemitig the po^ 

•nMajeiytoicooQcile^aa'tiiComnioiH feffion of ibade fiefe. in Italy, vow m 

If phnied* the Cotficans and Genoriil, the hands of the Piadmonteie : but fc 

at fuftalanned the fiaendi of Theodore is not piobafale that hisImpQriai Ma- 

with apprehenfinns of bdngobtodtp jefty willat prefent be fofiienuousin 

fubniit to the unlimited power of their D his drnwridii as at another tunc i the 

fermerdetefted governors: But^when the affiianoe of Savoyi and every other al- 

PmcJktFOopo woe bdded^andthearti- lv» being much voatad m m gsneral 

des of aooofnnkodatkm came vtpaa the adewe of the empire. 

carpet, dietr icars in ibttie maafore d^ 

creaicd; it not being eafy lodetermine^ Prvssia has not bttn CDncaw e d In 

from the tedious method in which this E the trooblesoffiuiope, any ftfthn* than 
propofed reconciliation has advanced, the traops its S o t ewign , as Elader df 
what is the real intention of the French Biandenbum, feat to dw afibnoe cf 
court with regard to that iflaad. his IniperiarMajefty » thoogh the good 

The feiraue of Theodore at Naples order of his Pnittaii M^^efty^s fbfoes is 
and his confinement in the 6ift]e of Qa<- knov^toall hil noBlboiiiti nor am 
eia,hasthnnder-ftruckipoftofoarCor« Ffaisgienadiersequalkabyaiiynttionin 
ficu pcrfitictam ; as it is not cafily le* the Unhrorlk. 
condhaible with an apmion wUcb ptt* 

▼ailed with many, ofhis ixang'^private* Danii ana has, vtitkh a few yean^ 
ly fupported by Spain : But, from ac: pcatlv improved her oommeroe ; the 
couatt df his wy oonfinement, and Ids eftafalifliaiient of aafiaft^Indiacomnairf 
theaHuine6nnder it, there snot great Gat Copenhagen having difiiAdafpint 
probafaali^ of his being under much of tnuk over great pait of the Dahifll 
miefafli!^enfifoa& cither the Fxcnph or (ioaiiaions. And hb Dantfli Majefty» 
I (jcaoele. during the hit year, has made fevetal 

good legplationa in the religions cere*- 

TheaoceffionoftfaeDDkeofLoiain monies of his fubje^; having abohfliM 
to the Great Dukedom of Tuscaiit,H theexordims nfed in didr baptiim, and 
bas not yet been attended with themany removed the ODUfMlon-chain out of the 
btdESts his iiew fubjefls promiie them- charehea: thooghdiepmpie, evtrfimf- 
iBtcs from nie prefcnoe of a Fnnoe ftl ar of ceremony than leligion, cxprei* 
nivafaity eOeenrel -• ^ ^ f^ f^in^ rtientment at firft, but are 

now tofeiaUy reconciled to the ahera^ 

fhe VsMTiAvs^ after ft lof^ ddi* fSotu ^ ^ -^ ^ v.^^^^^1 

8 A SU M M A Rr 4>f the, ^c. 

The trade of Swedbn hai likewife. fiuivofGenera and Genoa; andhasalfii 

been much incieaied; ian Eaft-India 
company beinp eftabliihed at Stock- 
holniy mamr improvements made in 
their mammdnses^aada treaty ofcmn- 

been often eameftly ofiered to reconcile 
the Turks and Germans, and, what is 
itill more remarkable, the crowns of 
Great Britain and Spain: Bathergood 

About the middle of laft year, his 
Swediih Mi^e^^t health was fo preca- 
rious, that, with the confent of the 
fiafees of his kiiwdom, he refigned the 

meroe condoded with the Giand Sd- A offices, however it happens, are mone 

readily oHered than accepted. — Cardi- 
nal Fleuiy continues in the admini- 
ftradoB with general apphuife hom the 
people, thoo^ his Ginftian Majefty*s 
oehavionr to the pailiament of Puis 

goircmment to Sie Queen his^eonfort, B has no way incitaied the liberty of 

who was Queen-regnant at the-time of France, nor diminiflied the prerogathrc 

their maniage. of the crown, • 

Nothing remarkable has happened in TfaeSrATBS Gbnbral of the U* 
Portugal £nce die return of the nited Frovinoes give the utmoft atten- 
Ei^lifli fleet fiom Lisbon ; the court tion to ewy ftep taken widi regard to 
^ Spain having defiOed from thoie C an^accommodation between Great Bri- 
iures which {i[^ve fuch nneafinefs to tain and Spain : for, Ihould a rupture 

break out between the two crowns, 
it would be difficult for the States Ge- 
neral to avoid being zSk&xd one way 
or other. 

lib Portifuefe M^efty, as called &k 
the intcrpofition of Great Britain. 

Sfaiv has, dnrii^ the lafl year, been 
-finer from adion by lea or land thanD 
ior fome time before s which fbme at- 
tribute to the difficulties attending the 
demands of Great Britain relating to the 
injuries fnfiered by the fubjeds of his 
Britannick Majeffcy from the fubje^ of 
Spaini which are faid to have emr £ 
ployed the Spanifh councils in an ex- 
traordinary manner. . But it is not imr 
OTobable, that the fiiU fettlementof 
Don Curios in Italv, the appointment 
of Do/a Philip to be High Admiral of 

Notwithilandine the powerful aUi* 
ances of his Serene Hishnefs the Prince 
of Orange, his fucceffion to the eftates 
of his late Majefty K. William is not 
yet determined. 

The fucoeffion to the dutddes of 
Berg and JuLiERS has called much of 
the publick attention during the laft 
year. And the claimants have lately 
fo much increafed, that the fettlemene 

the Spanifh monarchy, and the fixing Fof that long-depending inheritance is 
the Cardinal Don Lewis ( aged now a- fiur from bein^ in any likelihood of plear 
jKive nine years ) in thf archbiihop- fing them alC 
Tick of Toledo, may have given fome 

prefent fatis&£Uon tg the fortunate mo7 The attention of the fiibjefb of 
ther of thofe Princes. And 'tis certain Great Britain u fo generally bent 
that the appearance of the Britiih fleet G toward the negotiations with the court 
in the Streights mufl be a cuifo to any of Spain, that as nothing final is yet 

enteiprize by iea, thoi^ we have not 
yet received intelligence of any engage- 

Fram CB has been ei^^^ed in no was H 
fmce the campaigns in Itafy and on the 
Rhine, the esneqition to CoHica having 
been attended with no blood yet: .tho* 
the office of Mediator has diflinguilbed 
f^ Qg i)| J9k n a m e of late years^ in the af- 

pubhihed on that head, we moft refer 
to fubfequent advices for the determi- 
nations rdating to that momentous 
?flw. / 

^TT^HE princij 

intention of the 
foregoing Nummary being to ren- 
der th(B aqcounts we (hall hereafter ^ve 
of foreign flfiin the moie inteiUgiMe 


meify -ESSJrS in JANUARY 1739.' 

ID fndi fifour icadns as hire HOC been 
waj ooaavcdant in the traniarfHons a- 
faraod, ft may not be amiis to add the 
lew ioQowii^ leoarks on fuch other 
cooitiies as will moft jnbMj ftmiih 
matter of intdiligBiiOB. 

PcKsiA, after a long icene of war 
iBdoonfufion, was ibucely fixed in a 
flattof peace amd ieicnit^, by the various 
Jabours and foocefles of its indent So- 

CaAFTSMAN, Jan. ^. 

IFosmoAy gave aay readers a littb 
efiy on the Nnv /Mr» and exhort* 
cd them tobc|^ it with f^cal 
Aiiispmfrtf^im. Btttlcanaotboaftofmoch 
fuocefs in this attempt, for ekwnyeart 
pafti thoi^wehavefinoehadievml 
cxcdkntlaws made to pfcventonkw* 
&1 pn-drhJoM^ JkuffUng and fi^f* 
pitffing^ which! hopehave had thede« 
veie^pi, Kooli Kan, before tine fnoceflbr B fiied cftfi, by the affidoous care of our 

d" Merriwets, the firft of the modem di- 
fibnbers of the tranqmlEty of that ldi^« 
dooifiailed fnch a rebellion in the mo- 
vince of Candahar, as has employed the 
wiule fince of the nation for iome time ; 
ad no advices have fnfficiently con- 
finned the reports of their being yet re«f 
diioed to obedience. 

The Idi^dom of Morocco has, 
fince the death of Moley Ifinael, been 

vigilant nmgi/tr^is^ both eroil and sn'i 

UtMj. '^lihtgreate^^foliikaldifiim'' 

fen ftili remain to be cored. — Liucwry, 

t&trtiftkn, mmici and ambiikm are as 

rampant asever. — Q^taxts areashigh^ 

Cand oar debts I am afirnid not ranch di- 

miniihed. — Our trade and mamfeiBmnt 

continoe in the iame langujihingcondi- 

tion, and will every day glow worfe, on* 

lefs fome ibcedy remedy be applied.— 

_ , Theie canies have fpread a »ce of ph 

involved in one continued amtation of D ntertj over the whole nadoni efpedallv 

gprenunenty^ in rapine and flood j the the dipemi mamfaSmrbuf ems^ which 

^ ' hath excited multitodesof poor wretches 

to ieveral aSsofwohnce^ notwithftand- 

ins our etrmf^ as well as the ^kt and 

Black Jas, Nobody can pretend to 

Hamet Aebe}r»andK{u- Eiay that they have been worked un to 
the two m antago- theieoatnm8byj6/£rMir/qi;rfM)i^i,whick 
retykw 01 ^tioncaak nod at MMrJiaMd^ 
and I have not yet heard any Gentleman 
makcontent chamd with iecretly abet- 
tii^ them. No^uieie tumults are pkinly 
fiitlier, and Muky fien Lariba, who is Fowuig to the tMont rf en^hment, tlie 
fiid to be the mcift humane and polite faking rf their nwiget^ ana the deamefs 
of all his brothers. 

ofispring of that Prince ha 
vii^ fomidied ieveral competiton for 
the throne, of parties foffident to di- 
ftreis every province of diat unhappy 
nadon. Mi 

mifts, being dead, the conteft lies now 
principally between Muley Abdallah, 
who, oy his numerous cruelties, has 
(hewn himfelf a true ion of his iarguine 

The intereft and proteSion of the 
Plantations in America depend fo 

9f prewfions^ occa&ned by Ingb dutia 
en mefi 9f the neciffaries tf Ufei which 
affed the mafier^Huerkmen^ as well as the 
foer labeurerss and difable them to pay 

nmch on the negotiations now on the G the u/uaJ fria, -^Thc fame bad confie 

carpet, that little can be iaid till the 
difputes with Spain are terminated ; and 
though the many reports of the Spani- 
ards having feized Geoigia are without 
confirmation, there is too much room 

quences extend to landed Gentlemen, 
by the breaking of their /mm//, or the 
fiul of their rents^ which fiew o£ them, 
at this time, are able to bear : — Nay, it 
may 00 fiuther flill j for njuhere nething 

to believe they are not fo good neigh-HiV te he had^ the gevemment cannot m 

boors as could be wiihed an infimt co- 
lony, which requires afiiibmoe from all 
snwnd it ; whmas this fetdement can 
hope for none from the fide of the Spa- 
niards, and not |0Q modi fivm Ca- 

fupported, and even the King mufi 1^ 
his right, 

Thefe are truths well known to eveiy 
Gentleman, who lives the leaft in tto 
country, and does not fatten upon the 
fpoiU of the pM9k i^fkihUm^ which 

lo m^fy EssArs u January 1739 

is the worQ place in the wbpl^ kiDgdom 
to form a judgment of our condition; 
thoc^h die4tcay oitrad^^ and ibuci^ 
^mnu^ are M> fedibly^it c^cn kere. 
•*-I wfih «he Inukfimn xtof not find 

^JiKA^nwiy tt a vBiy gDcat expene^ 6 
ptoted Dur jftf^BB^ACMfir, odbnrj^ and^ 
^ M^^OK/.' — How fiu* dic)i: Jiovi 
fagjefwri, fer^hoDouro£thcaatk>M 
is vififale to. tbe JviiQle worid.-^ Qi 

k fe in the fayneiit of 4ieir Chrifimof A l>raltar andPortnudun areabfolutdy ie 


As to/MM^« ly^/y tlie cafe ftemi 
to'be as !»!> if iMt woiCe; &r tiie ^-^ 

rtfe aie oe^afSalf mqte ia danger, at pie- 

cured, for the prefenty by a numeroQ 
fkft in the Meditenaneair ^ -whilib an 
other,flatioQcd in the Wcft-Indics, Imtl 
jbitfaetto p wtefted our coiuues and fiam 
tadam mm any attempt. £mi 

lent, tJitti at anyod^ periodof time ; B GeoigiaiBiaie.^ But I miiil oonfefs i 
cfpedaUyftipaboatMvM^^Mfyp^ — alitdeflrai^ that the Spaniards ihouli 

Fianoe aodSp^in. have been extending 
their domiittoiviy and haive ftSX fome o^ 
Cher vienrfti^theiisAie kind. The^- 
' plainly 'k)»Bp6 its eye opon Plaoden 

date to Gontmoe their depHtUtUuu an 
in^iUsf of which wc liave ficauenr ad 
noes, widtt the leas aie goaraed by fi 
ptat M namakfita.--^ This cannot bi 

and tte PkhAinate I whilH the ito«r is C <n^ng to ihdr rwia of frvenigm ¥vti 
endeawHffing to get another pFOvinoe or th$fife/Uj9AS^&euiUmem birdvwsiui^ 

two in Italy; — I am afraid the preient 
treaty bAVvcen the Empeior and France, 
which is no^f^id to be concluded, will 
not mead'the matter ; fer a dofe con- 

geft ; nor to wr own faffivi muUtne^ 
and mn-refiftanct^ as the malecontent 
feem to infininte ; but muft be imputsec the audacious inlblenoe of \ 

Jvndion between thofe^to»€>rtft(wj will, "Dfew praik^il nriUaim, who fteal out ii 
ondoibceifiy, be more ibnnidable to the daric and fnajp up our fhips, withom 
Europe than the late wmahtral ailiance^ ""' ""' "^ ''' 

as it was called, between the £mperor 
and Spain: BQt,]f theyihouldtfilf/iqrtf 
unite, and draw the Kiq? of Sardinia in- 
to the eUianoe, they might canton out £ leave, in the nenv accommadaiiam^'io fcooi 
€he beft part of £im>pe amongft them- the feas c^thefe rMets, who commoB' 

any ibciet commiffion from the IGt^ q 
'Spain f or his g$venws in Amnica, •» 
it cannot therefore be doubted that bii 
CaMkk Jdajefyi^ will readily give ia 

te^rts, — I mention this only by wajr 
of oonjeftuie; but there ieems to be at 
pfdent too good an underibuiding a« 
mongft them. — The myfterious ^air 

of CoWka begins to explain itfelf j for, F jcaloas 

ly make ufe of bis colpurs^ and thereb) 
caft a reflection upon that mcefunaihk 
•f bwrntTy for which the ^ani/h. c9sm 
IS fo faaious, and hath always been fi 

if his Majefty King Theodore is really 
confined in the cafUe of Gaeta, by an 
order from the court of Spain, there 
muft be (bme joggle between Au» crtnvns, 
whom I (hall not mention ; and,' per 

Hpwsver I could wifh that fime ho- 
nourable Gbntlembn at Jbosm 
would be pleafed, in the mean time, tc 
look over MiIton*s letters, written b} 
the direction of Oliver Cromwel, tfal 

flaps, the Genoefe may have reafon toGparliamenty and others^ to moft of tlM 
repent of their late plxxseedings, as well greaie/l Puentates and Jbvereig^r States -f 

as the poor Corficans. 

Butdiefe arenotall thebadfymptoms 
^hvadi for, as Mr. Freeport hath ful- 
ly provixl m my hSt paper, the French 

Murofe. They will there fee what agla 
rious fpirit even thoje unlanvful govt^- 
nors exerted in defence of their counti^ 
men. They were not only ready to r» 

and Spaniards, to mention no other na-H ceive the Complaints of ^ large bodf ^ 
ttons, are contino^y improving their imrcbantsy and repreient them in th 

vianufaSuresy extending their ^^f, and 
encouragii^ their coknies .- whilft <we 
4»ave, indeecd, had the dexterity to a- 
Void an aSual 'war ; though it was 
thought neoefiaiyto ieiidjw#/rwr?/ir/ 

ibongdl manner to thofty by whom thej 
-were agmeved ; but did the fame fa) 
'9Siy fi^ perfin ; not onlv in points Hi 
trade f but evenihcafes ^ fnnjale rsgSi 

" fintatwm 

ITeikkf MsUrS hi. J AtiXHAtit 1739: ff 

Jtjteatimi woAttemoriois fecceeded, I can* *' tkatcm&t, Fortlusrealbn^wetliotidtt' 

not &7» finoe it does not apbear horn "proper to befeedi ymr Majtfy^ uak 

tfe ktten themmves, and ^ifciy fel-' ** the whole affirir ma/ be r ^ rt e d to 

4om takes notice of fuch circumfbinces r ^3^my nvfi evknctl ; and that itit monef 

iHzt» oonfidering the ipirit xslithofe tims^ ** nuty be no lotif^ detained^ under thtf 

«nd ttet there aie but veiy few inftaii^'X " bretence of ^^ Jtijuft a demaild 1 for 

oes of aborea»^i^^ upon dieikmefub- ** 4f ndhat was tranfadtod txA dedded^ 

jfd, it is natural to Conclude that moft ^Itifhn tbeptdce, is* to be called int9 

«f them did fucceed/ particolarty thoKe '^^qoefHon aeiin, nfht thtpeaa^ «i0 

«f CXrvef, who wasnot fatisfied with r- " cannot iin£rftand of what trie frid*^ . 

nxt^ue,fmHtricating^tsAimffe&nalan^ ** ties are. Indeed, there will be no 

fitrt^ or ^.c breach ofanyfnmttJesmssAti** end of foch dii^utes» if feme exm^ 

to him. — Tliire arHb many inftancek •* pkry fHni/bment is not foon inflS^ed 

of this, that it k nccdlefs tocitc anj'or •* on thcfe cmiinm nfhUum'S tf $tiadk(, 

Btemy and therefore I fhall return id "^hich we ho|te will be> one of j^ 

the kUfrs. •</ <t Maf^^s firft outs* — in thfc neaif 

They if fccie wthten mlath, and I nfe-^' "time, may God keep yioa ondsr hii 

v<er &w any verfion of them into En- C ** ffloft holy pnMeAM* 

readers to Wco^gtnal; and give thoie^ K ■'^ 

mdioaTC^fhangep5to/ifi«/Aww^«tfe«;,alit- Mfi afiired/riimttp - 

fle fpecimen of one to tfc «% of O. CROMWEt^. 

j^sar^', aswellasIcantramfaiteitfTom ' 

fbgicsit a mafterof theJl099M)r^^. D R-m eur p^et of PrtMh^ if fh0 

WeftmiofbTf «6f - Cmtmk'^'^Makh 
Ti^the maftSermePrhice LOUIS A/jy^ — ^^Sept. 1656. ^England,6r^« 
1/* France/ 

The ifaier win petceite thai this Yi* 
Mtfi^'tneKMgym^m^ft/hitidm^a%^ gorous remcmfbranoe, to mu tf iht fttmi* 
" ** It is with gnea^relufence that we S^/OTvw/iVr Europe, was only in Eehdf 
*• are fo often ol^ged to trouble yntr of a finge merchant^ and about a fenn, 
*■ JM^^ with the mjuries done by your hides. — How would the 0ld ufi&finf* 
^ lbb|e^, ihicc the renewal of the teace, Proteffal^ haVc thundered, if feithcr tne 
" However, tvc afiore ourfeives that it French or the Spaniards had^ for a long 
•• was againft jour Majefy^% confcnt i courfe of years, not only plunderM our 
•* and we cannot refufc to teirthe com- Vfiips^ and treat^ out/eamin with cruel- 
•• pbdnts of our people. — Itplainlyap- tv, but likcwife infiJted the honour of 
•» pears, ftam the jndemtnt of our ctmrt the Englifl>Jlag, ftnd even font de^anoes 
** cfaJmrahy^ that the ^v^Anthof^ of to himfilff — Let the hiflory of hii 
** Diepe was joftly taken, befbie thd If/e and chara^er, fiom all parties, dc* 

* condofion of the treai}^. ftirt of the termine this point. 

* prixe, amounting to ahoat fiarthtat- Q 0\3X frefeitt^ lanvfitl^ and excellent g9^ 
^ feciti hides, was bought by Robert t'^morj have prefented feveral m^/wr^A 
^ Bnm merchant of London ; as thoie, and rem»nftrancesy of the fame fnirited 
•* who were authorised to fell it, hvri kind, to the court of Spaiii, ^ainft theif 
•teftified to us. Ahovit two htm- bng-^tmtinued depredations^ rekvages axA 
•* /^grf of thefc being exported to jD/^, inhumanities} which have been like- 
•• after the ratijlcation of the treaty <, hcH wife backM with a tvwerful armctmenf^ . 

* complains that he fold them to a en- as I have already obferved: And if it 
^•/iwvwrriiw- of that place, and the mo- fliould be afked, what notable exphiti 

* ney being paid into the hands of hii they have performed, my anfwer fhall 
^ faSar there, who ftopt it, a law-fuit be, ih the words of the miniflerial nvri* 
•• was commenced againfl himfeif; and ters, that PEACE is better than WA I?, 

JlthwhcwnUnotpwore juftice ia aod ti«i /^^;? ^^^*^»^// have teought 

%^ mekfy tSSArS f;r JANtJARY ^9^ 

the.Sp6putfds to tennes, as that at Spit** hazards, ^hat I fbiiodnecdlaiy to a^ 
ieiuf dii fomc years ago.-^ If I am- yancc j— and my iiidjnation to fervJH 
^Keraiked^ what theji utm vtf h yoU| cnSatCbi by the warn afTirta n D^ ^ 
tuull be ^lent, and lete my readers }o» (oixK GeAtlcmcn who wifhcd you a^ wsetj 
the treaty itfeU* when it is produced. . >« as. myfelf# have pranfpted me to {sm 
. tJpoa the whole, it w my finceite 4e*>A in the face of thcpcopfe, what wouU 
firc^ that the ^froaching Ikjfiw of par*^ in any country have jiiquad an igno- 
^^tf^ may lay, the fbunduion of mOM^* minious exit« Has one opportunity of 
happy nrui l7^ his Majefly, and\aH> feed to render the GentloMi in thtB 
tus people* .> ^miniftration o<fipii$^ thai 1 have not 

^ . « improved to the. atinoft of my ppwerj 

GAZiTTfeEft, /i«*. 4, \ J though perhaps not always to the ex- 
) SJt^fr^ *' tent of my wiiSiesf tnftanCies of itiu 

AW reading the /*fi«Cd««i«r <uik1 art too r«cait on >w memory 
iS«^of,jPw«^3o. lendca- ^^'^fl'fj my n^wn^ iten^ it bcipa 
voumd tO'pe«Uic Mr, D'AOvirs 1 but I- unufual for grateful minds to foroet i»- 
ftundiiimio fuU of repetition and tri*^ fended femccr, or to ovedoA flic m- 
flingabfuidity,thathpibieIcouldnachC<;««»^ difficulties I have Urn «ii-^ 
Mr. Fne-port's name, Iwas overcome ^^'^P'f^ what you have alvmrs 
by a powerful fluAber ; during which, ^H the^/ViV of mv papo-^ and at 
Mr. ^-AWIffi remained both in my Aw fame time keep dear- of a hr-* i 
hai^aadinyMa4i and ivhcn 1 awoke, ford)ouehitis|meafymattert04^(j*^^ 
I Vrcite down what t could recolleft of W}^ ^^^ ^^ ^ mcroenary h4fc£^ 
a foeech which may be of ibme ufe t6 D:^^ ^P^^^. °^^ ' X^' f^ *^»«'» ^ «^ 
«hofc who wini well to that dtfirteJpa- ^^'^ |fq««« «<>« "»n commwi ta- 
^y^. >. . . lents: For when thrpicMOitpoiteficin 

- ' of power, have taken fuc^ meafures sui 

Vr. Tyky^>ftt%\i6biidefarlingfnduls the voice of the nation has fPprove4» 
. 0nthel^immgrfibine^ar. ^ it has bden ihatt«r of i» iirtatf 

( R ty tOriupply a fineih cauie of compiaiA^i 

brethren in dtfign and JifafpolntTnent, and to prevent our Geneofc from be- 

With too much truth I may now ing totally deferted. And if with diia 
£,irure' yoU| that repeated u^" view I have foretimes involved myfel£ 
Hances have convinced me, the race is in a few feeming incoherencies and con-«. 
Dot to the fwift, nor the battle to the tradi£Uons, charge them not upon nu» 
Arong i — fot you muft own, one and p any otherwife^tluui as the beft means I 
air,' that no man ever exercifed fuch could contrive to fupport the clamour 
alacrity to gain a point,nor is any perfon we were once fo fortunate as to laife to 
living fo fit for tl^ task I have underta- a height fufEdent to give us a profpefi 
iaexi 2fi myfelf. — *Tis jx>w feveral years of the golden days we have fo long la- 
fince I firft promifedyou relief from the bonred for: nor have thefe little ilip^ 
Bardihips and difficVties, impoiitions q been of any bad confequence, finoe you 
and oppreflions, I afTuied'you lay on your muft not roivet, that whatever was iaid 
ihqulaefS 1 and I s^ppeal to yourfclves, in order fo acted me, mufi ncceflaiilyi 
)f Ihave not (hewn the utmoft vigihmce come from the advocates of oar ene- 
in bringing about that reformation in mies ; and then Court H^rititf and 7W 
the itate,whi(^h Ihave all along declared of Power, fatisfied any man who waa 
to be the only meaiis by^hidi I could (j wife enough to feuch no £uther.— • 
Ivork your redemption : nor can you ac- But, if m^ modefhr wonid permit me^ 

tuie rtiy courauge and refolution with any t oould ved thefe roibles with a ckiud 

ihadow of jumce ; fbt I have ventured of unconteft^ benefits I have brought 

to aflert what notiie befide myfelf dated to the nation in general, and in a par^ 

to imagine, having always had fuffident ticulaf manner to you, Ginttamn : How 

tvdeoM of mm to wmm, «( aU 1ms thp foUucal koowkdsB of thei^ 

' ' . - . » Uigitizecl by VjOv./VI\^ ' ICSUIM 

ff^eekfy £5J^r5/)? JANOAkV i73>> t| 

ferfim nocded noder my hBxaes df hxved witji uncommort mtitpicHty, zt4 
liberty! I fawr ge nerally harr njjr ac- ftralthilied charge ujKm chanre, anf 
etMffi&of fiirngn and domdlick intp- complaint on oomj^int, till I was fo 
ids, {Rrakdaniotffi ^hc^frtng^ mai fcrtmiate as to have the proof pf pur 
of tk wdoa! AVim wkat carncjbiefs . grievances attempted in the p ■ . t 
hyr I fectt iny labours read, (fometimcs A itfclf, by fuch G^tkmcn a^ were gcntf -^ 
lodiene^cftef afi^nipe)andwith rtlly allowed moft capaHe of proving^ 
pte Tdgyenpe afleitefl tb be jaft in' whht I- had aflcrted at tlieir foft^tion;' 
the moft ii|uuMe par^iciilarf— and when —But, hcip we i»ajr date out' over*' 
m friend of cofruption has chanced to Aipw: np fooner weiifc frwr^ jnfpcaedJ 
da aa ^db^felme confutation of what I aiid acatinfs re-fearchcd and cxainined* 
kveaflbrted, with what tranfoorj hayp B with fjjc impatient attention of owf 
Iktantf rotary, with a nioft becomr fnend? and wpll-wifbcn, ain) indeed of 
agemtempt, call bfe antagoaifl a ^r the whole nation^ but' aH we had af- 
and affirm, that he ^iroold fooner Urmed was difproved beyond a colour 

believe the Grmfifiuifi'tian all the par of eontradiaionf I the wHole kgiflature; 
pen in the kingdoia ?— Thefe, Gejttk^ and every boc^ dfe, being conviacedp 

the natural .efeds of the ca' Othat thelnoil unportant of oar manv* 
knmy andicptoMh with whieh I fef aocufations were^roundftefi^ and founds 
ibme time Ibnufiied my readns j but ed in nothing nioie than ou^ enmity 
what has be^n 6ow undoine* b our pe- to the perfohs principtHy fonoemed in 

^oft of die dif|)oiition which once ip fhe traniadHons lye aoeuftd offramdtxid 
|eaeranTpRryajkd. Every human event imkexsafement : Kai it was icarce in the 
te acrifk, which, wKen earelufly em- D power of man to pi«ve]|t the c ufr e n tf 
bnced, wHl ever be piopitioas i Th» mm tuminff upon us. Tbfm it was t 
C B u ie uki* i hagdi happily iniied for the moft needed a^iftance i and then I metf 
peWbot 'wie tP tendpd (o fucceed, you with it: But howevier excellent the 
wdl know, was more owing Xofrii/aH rtmnrks and Mkriaikns fumilhed me 

gwmotkm ^iiasx fubikkmj^ndii^i i and wtie in themftlves, (he peopli; were ib 
r time when the belief of what was Egenerafffj I know not how (o tay un^ 
poUiflied by us, preyaikd in half the fi^fyf pirfudice4 acainft their mutbor^ 
ale-hodes of the nation^ was the mo^ tnat had d^ contained th^ G^ironly^ 
mraifing of foocefs: for it is ujiiver* it would haVe been )um} topr^lwith 
sAy known, that the beai with which many to read thern.-^He wrote one 
a refentmcnt is feft conce iv ed, will c(xJ ^N f prft{ied him the next; aeath 
aponfeftBftkm I and vriiat a man efte^nns Fhe wrote, a!nd' my praife fucceeckdf 
an enormous c^kfuccj while ft'unnM wit]^ till growing impatient of infuo^s, he 
the coadfirraation oTa few undifoemine left me to deipair, in ordec^ finer he 
iDompoxnons, he^y, by fpme mifchie? has no profpeft of ading apy more as e , 
voQs pfieam or <)ther, haraen to coni^ PiMcian, to retire, aiu turn Phikfo» 
pile with acoomm from the other iide^ fher^ or nther Hijffonan j fmce we have 
and thereby becoa^e cool in a ca^ he Galread^ be^ promifiid the Htfivrf'of'bh 
was before ready iq defem) with his life, mrm times \ of which^ ibme baye had 
Our mts^brtunefs on' this account Jiaye ill nature enpurii to lay, fhould he writef 
been tciq many; and When, by our own with iifipartiahty. his own crin^\Vould 
dd^FS, the ^rrm/c ybM/^/Wt had pu« ipake'no inconAderable part. 
K^^be^toappeu*theefibA(^]^ Thus, Gentlemen, yon fee mcr aV 
'9ait makce, and t6 l^aye been odereiiH bandoned by every aid' thaf promifed. 
to the wofld fotfrivaie etub only, no^ aitiftance^ aM left alonp tp and iaulfr 

thing bat die dpttftion offmiUci mak\ with our governors, a| a time when the 

0JmMtfiraHuf, ieeme4 fumcient to fup- want of fufficient caufe of eom^aint 

port meahnningchunourwe hiwlVaiied has been one girat ptufe of my bein^ 

If dK neoefiqr die natian was in rf deferted.^The new year approaches^ 

hPf'wg n^ govtiBoo, (a dita 1 lib and with i| an unpleafing pro(be^t of 

14 Weekly pSSATS riff JANJJARY 17^9; 

kllipur and £itig»^ to me, and of nq 1^ Utfitptcf rf the ikc4^ af irifde; wheti 

gceiit benefit to qmx friends. Nerer wa|^ y(^u thipk they will not; oe ame to iec 

^rea time when I Hood in fuch wsmk tlv^» in fad, it proves only the deiuc 

of your fupport and recommendation :^ 9f thpfe wsnt^ng to fell to iu^e thf 

.My le^ores go qoc now into hands e^ ^re purchafa^y a^d thereby to havf 
nouffh to be of any ierxice to the caufe^A ue.highefl price that can be got. ---t 
we have at heart ; and all who wiih it^ Wheii the reduSiion efinftrcft is meati- 

well, muH either exert their utmoft. ^ne^^ )'qu muA infiil, that it pcoy^qii 

power to set me taken notice of, or,wit&. nothing jnore than ibe fcarci^ of mon^j^ 

the utmoS concern I fpeak it, the once s^)d the numerous iniconyeBiences aa^ 

admir*dCA^i>'^irz;<rnmu{ineepwith i\xvg from ^ff^</ Get^tkm^t- manyifag^ 

nis fathers. — Start not at the thought^ g ami giving fortitm to jheir ch^UrutJ — ^ 

^r, without your chearful aflifhuicg. One dung you ma&.atlm^.wheiie-eiref 

the comfJetion of it muH be endured^ you come, which will require fome r&i 

-^But, Gentlemen, however defperate iblution to vindjqate^ aucul .yet it xxm9 

the pipfent fbite of our afiaiis may ap-; be defended } 1 1 mean, the fall of tin 

pear, ouf credit is not perhaps paH re- imIu^ of our land ifiis^es: for thpugl^ 

trieving : Tiie accommodation with Q every country parifh through the kingr 

^lA will furnifli matter of grumbling^ dom abounds with inAances ofefiata 

in whatever manner it is conducted; being increafed within the laft. tlurtji 

peace and war cannot both be chofen ; years to near twice their Ibnner valuer 

imd which fo^er be preferred, theps and of fome to treble the income tho^ 

will be room enough left to commend at firil produced to the pre&nt poilei- 

the othfr as far the moH advifeable. — jy fors^ it bears fuch a face of proiperit)i 

^rade has lately employed piet^ much as will never ^cilitate our wiihes, no^ 

of the publick attention ; and as few any way conduce to promote the unea^ 

private Qomps^nies are without perfon^ finefs amon^ thpfe who have no Isuidi 

jntercfted therein, vou muH, at every ivliich it will be impoffible taciwit4S 

^portunity, compmin of the decay ^ s^nong thole who have.-^^And if al) 

Qur tra^ky and the ruin q( our manu-. £ ^e(e ihould not prove fatis&floiy,- y<M 

fa^res : li the increafe of onr naviga:^ may fafely enough alledge, that..the wilj 

fion to mote than double what it was ii^ lin^efs with whidi pe9[^ put tbeil 

the reign of Queen Aam, be brought as mooev into the tubUck funds, is oocai 

9ti argument dl the incveaTe of our com- fioneU by trade oeittg mw fricariem i 

inerce, • you may reply, with as good an but if any fhould iuppen ix> reply, Tha^ 

^ix a$ I ao, that you dotCt k$tow the^ are f the publick funds fubfiil by no otheij 

0tt empkjfid in our ofwm commerce, and in means than trade,, you muil l]ie&.an<t 

€artyifig our own maMufaSfsff-es to foreign fwer — what aroears moil to the por-i 

marietj, — Jf the mafter-doathiers in pofe, ibr at preient I have no reply t^ 

the fFefi ufe any oppreiTive means to that obje^on. 

dillrefs their artificers, be fore to attri- Thus, Gentlemen, I have laid be* 

Iwte the blame to the A ^n, as G fore you, with my ufual perfpiouky^ 

juffi:rin2 th^ poor men to he impofed the (late of our afiair? at the entrin^of 

on. — If the abvndap^ oi hulldings^fur^ the ye^ : The more ou^ munber is aip^ 

s/tefv, fieue^ and j^vejsy be aivu^ as ducd, the ^peater' occafion there is ^ 

an inilance of our national wealth, yon a firm miion among us. — ; And be fian; 

may i^join, that tlxty^xefyequentfyjbld to remember, tha.& no meafures tsJccii 

fir kfstb^natbhrd of their fi^fi fnuchaJeiYi hi the A -n allowed ta 

4nd, poilibly, }'onr ^ntagonifls may be tend to ^^fublickgood'^)}^ we remaji^ 

fools enough not to know, that theii; private men. ; . Vr 
being ibid for ^ little at iecondrhand^ 

i^ an argument of the general ability to Common. ^^TH^-^t "j^m. 6, . 

purchaie th|;m new ^-^ advertijiffg thefq Tr T is now about t>vo laod'ths 6036- 1 

^n&for/Jt, you may tejl thjap, j^ j^^ obf<R|^^a|j^^^ 

Wttit PSSArS in JANUARY rj^f/^ 15 

i hig^yatad of rhra^irai gpods to be thot^ whcB he harangues the popolacf 

^ipc^eci of at a ccrtaip hoHle in Soho- Vfpoa the death of JyUus Cj/kr^ w^ 

Sqoaie. I was veiy curious to kiiow parchaied very cheap^ by Orator Hetfr 

wxio OQoid be the proprietory aad who Jhr. — There was alio a fmali parcel qif 
tiK pvchaiers of fuch goods j aod^ in A tnundBr and. lightDhi^ and a ihoiver 

iat, to be informed w ail circuin- pf ihow, the ktcer very much (bilei^ 

. fcfadng tQ a Uk which {eem*d bat nobotfy bid ibr chem : — The k^ 

k out of the conuBOQ way o^ trade. was fold hy the-pound, at the fommoa 

The acoMint given me was, that the pric^ of waiie paper ; the doudi «i^ 

keaft fer r^a&tii«the^a^,hadde« now ivuiging up in Rag Fair: — ;Aftf^ 

felted Sc^io as wcITm Hajmiia/, sad B the halters in Timn of ^^a/, they weif 

«UifDdbwi theie heroes to disband their not put up* but, being called lor, th^ 

Venoms ; tliatit Jud alio forced ievenj broker acquainted the cofnpany, they 

nafcxtBoaie Prineos to abdicate their wei« the only things which the piayen^ 

thnws, which bfroming vaant, the kept for their own ufe. 

aSodid eSt&s which onoe belonflsd to . »»^ ^^ ^^^ >^ n _ t _ 

tkfeciomi'dheack,havinebeaa&L^ -JWm ^7^' »^ A* -ifrw. 

IB ezecocsoa by the fiailiny were ibid As the converiation naturally turn*^ 

ID the metcbaatt of t^mmnth^eti^zxA OpontherevolutionsoccaiionMbythea£|: 

otben. iTor regulating the (bg^ there was a perr 

I learned the fillowing partkuLus in ^ ^ the company that pretended to 

ifktioo CO this iale : The annoar in very eood inteUigence, who told iif» 

«hic|s the ghoft in the tn^y of O that the poojeaor of it, having bii « 

Hamiei laakesits appcaranfr, as well as reibaint upon the genius of others* was 

aootain qpiantity ojfaims, drums* trum-r ' refolvM to give a Jooie to his own; anc^ 

I Kt5*ooloiir9,&r. wene purchafcd by the b^ the aiUltance of the Laureai and the 

I ioQ of a ChmHgi'oJkf broker, wh(^ &<^ Laxetteen^ liad already written a farce \ 

I ther laving gain*d immenie riches by of which tonve of the a^rs having 

die £cauds of that profefiion* and having £ ^een a copy, it was their opinion* tha^ 

I peidu^ed anefate and aiine feat in the audience would tear up the benches 

die €0iiiitiy*the goods before mentkmed ^ throw them at their heads* if th^ 

are hni^ up in his Honour's hall as reprefented fuchdamn'd flufif: but thu 

the trophies of huanosftors: — Richard did not JAfcourage him ; for havings 

the Thind^s ihield was bought bv a bn^ compny of players in his own pa>^ 

fier*aiid isoonverted into apot4ead: — F whom he has always ufed to adUng tbf 

The down and (cepter of Harry the ' moft fcandalous parts* he intends t^ 

Eighth went oflF for oU iron. make them repreient it upon a ftage cjf 

Titf following aie cookedy goods. — his own. As I could give a hundred 

Two tinfel fuits of dqaths^ worn by infbnces of his bein^ moil icandaloufly 

Sir Cmrtfy Nict and Lord Ftfpingm, ignorant of the unities of a^on* tinn^ 

which bote tl pvetty good price* but are G .and place* I iliall certainly write a cri? 

int to be paid for tiB the day of mar* ticiim upon this farce as foon as it i^ 

tiagr i ikif were fieen at court the lail pears; and* to vm^ myfelf for A, 

binhHugbt* and thofe who worethem have been refiefliing my mcmorv by 

VfOK adroiied by the ladies as (hie beft xeadixig over the belt criticks ; when I 

4ve& perfone thm. don't doubt but I ihall convince thp 

The great hat and whiskers of Cap- H world, that he has the worft head fa/r 

Ida Hofihtnt |iN&« pttdttfed hy com- condndii^ a drama of any perfon tha( 

^ niffion fm-a perfen of condition* lately ever meddled with the ftage. 

fRferr'd to the oonnnand of a redment^ I take this opportunity, likewiie* qf 

aui vnll be iieen in Sfydi-fari the next acquainting the publick* that I intend 

«wiew day, |9 (he gi^t tClSWr of thc i^ortly to bring a play upon the ftaflgp 

Sfamnlh^ i, -.. . Wfclf i for Xhave^ bcenftudying for 

' • ' " Digitized by vjv_/ v_/ VI ICVeias 


16 Wteldy EBSArS in JANUARY 1739. 

ievipn! moiiAs how a man that has a to the laws ofdandnK) to lead np^vi 
talent to ijdicule yioe and foSy may be ry dance in Eunfe, while they are hum 
ftill nfeful to his country, notwitUhind- U^ content to dance after him^ an< 
in^ the po^ given by th|s aft to the thmk themfdves vcfy hapmr that h 
CAamberiain. gives them leave to pay the ndlers. 

I remember aNobkanthor hath &id, A The plpt of my play, I think, is wd 
tiiat when the imaginatipffis of ingeni- contrived } nor are the incidents leis d$ 
Otis men are confined and rdbained by verting } and I flatter myfelf that th( 
power^ and they fii^ that it is not ikte pnblk^ wiQ diink the ' humour wd! 

for them to fpea)c their mind;, tfaar workM op. ^Mydefienis, tobrh^ 

will have recouHe to boriefque, er bur- the prefent poftnie of af&irs in Earofi 
fbonry^ to fxpiefs what they think. — B upon the llage in a political dance i'-^ 

I have taken this hint, and am iefi>lred 
to hold my toi^;ue ; and yet I am de- 
termined \o be devilifh fatyricaLl upon 
tfap |>roje6lor, and to mawl the licemer 
of the Ibge, as well as the ^mu^-licen- 

fHvibtt has reheajfed his part, hii^ Asat 
ces a Cardinal very well t I have alR 

written a part for Mr. Lun, -TH 

parts of the German and Dutch plem^ 
potentiates may be danced by any h^' 

fer, and alTo his deputy : all tjds ihaU Cvyaftors, of which/! hope, the h6i^ 
be done without a word fpokc in my not unprovided:— The jart of the jm* 

comedy. — To let the.puSlick into 
fecret, my phy fhallbe danced. 
' I don^t doubt but the writers on the 
GOrn^ fide ^rill (in thpir ftupid way) 

jedbr mav be perfo r me d by a candle- 
fnuflej: ; tor, as he v^ill have, nothin^ts 
do but to bribe, to be bubbled, ana be 
ktck'd, it is oiily eauipping a chunQ 

attempt to ridicule my dancing, becaufe D fellow with a bag oc counters, and thi 
it b foffitle they may have heird that bufmefs is-donc^-^-^ — The tidcof rai) 

I am a cripple by the gout. BtttIwQuI4 
liave them to know, that though I am 
diiabled, by aee and infirmities, from 
die prance, I am deeper in the theory 

play fhall l^, fhe halance rf Europe, 
nvith the cemledl and Svirt ing bhmaen 
tf Sacamo the f^igh-maflir. 
This liew fpcdes of omiedy will cer- 

than ever : ^- 1 am like an old CJeneral E tainly puzzle the critidcs. — As to my 

that can proved the operations of a cam 
paign, 6k^ th^ order of battle, and ad- 
▼ife how the enemy may be attacked, 
thoc^h he is not able to take the field in 
perfoh.-^ To Ipeak without a figure, I 

own part, finpe I have taken care to 
write adl my fteps, nod$ and grimaoei 
exadly aecordingto the nikfief.^ 
Jhtk^ I q^ dulbi^ them to do thrii 
v^orft. — Theliceni&wiU have nothing 

nope to make others danpe^ though I F to fay to me; for I have taken the oph 
canU dance myfelf. — I have, by long nion of counfpl learned in the law, aM 
Cudy, compofed a laimiaee for the I have it under their hands, that I am 
looks and geftures | andl don't doubt neithes within the lettK not the mean- 
but, in a little time, motion will {«• ineof thpa£t. 
coflie as intelligible as words. ^nlis contiivanee will go a great way 

It has been no fmall mortification to G towards defiaating the do&rine of Jnmtn 
me to find, that France luith carried the tntk ; for, fuppofe a poet- fhould bring 
vt^oe froni all the world, both for p6- an a^r of a ndioulous figure lipto dM 
libcks and dancing. — We have elie- ftage, fcratching his head with- oni 
where obferved,' tmx there is a kind of hand, and Polling up his breecha ^pyitih 
frinpathy betwixt politicks and mu(iek ; another, wl|at cai) a fpedal jury nUdoi 
the relation betwixt poHtidcs and dan- H of it? * ' 

dng'ts id much fhrmger, that, without ' The cafe fbnds thos t The Ucehfej 
jbaining the ifietaphpr too high, we can reftrain the iongoes of the adors; 

joay fay, the preffnt Qixtlinal rkttry is 

a roofl excellent dancer : All the 

woiU acknowledged his fnperiority in 
^ftiqKej b/a]ki¥inghim i^oooaxf 

but they ftill enjoy the firee ofe of theii 
own legs, their own arms, and theii 
own maizes :• U' llive, a^ thatlfl^erty 
ffnaifiSi yMaB^ftDyibaUiiotefiaipi 

Digitized by VJ KJK.J'W l\. t^^J^I 

IFeeify ESSJtrS in jANttARt 1739; 17 

Icit— >Ikve fime iTjpArteai in 107 In therei^of hk&Atri ^ifeniy. 
|iiy,wiikhldunkwillftijigt^hrib'd IV; wliofe temper was oatiarally j^- 

ElDClieqiMcki*— Ipfomifethere loss^ and (as iGfm are of^ apt |o<b) 
HCbe a vs&urfi or amQtion is too moiih ]i&tn^a to ibejku^^ 
ikvM^ptKhat QaAl be written cm kim ; wlio» oonfcieas of die PrfMcg'^, 
dei^ot vktoeand paUick.fpiritr Afoperioir merits nftd their, utmoft en* 
Indies make every pretty afirefs in daro^n io fi^paiate him fxom his /a" 
irknle Com oat her toes lor tbegood iiir, by exciting the -"W's jealoai]r# 
tfkroDontiy. and ar&Uy ren&ng the rriK/s aAt« 

Thejpbym ne^ not tie on^r any QiisJioweverinnotcntinrerpe6ktohisal«^ 
BpdKBTion of mknm by aiding my legknce^ odious and fufpe£kd» in whidi 
|i^:— The town wiU receive wita fi they fo far preVaiied, aa jo ifidixae th# 
podhomoariany thi^ that is brought Kiig to remove him from being Prjfi^ 

C^ik Asigji Helkenkdi ib that I dtnt tf ihe tmmcil, uid to jiKehu Urn* 
*tfar bat both the houfe and m^-^ john» aftetwaids Duke .oT Bediqed, in* 
Ufinll get a good fum of money by it.- the Prinee*% itKun: — I (ay» noCwith- 
As eo die little bofy ocatsre whom- ftanding theie fiowns from eoartf he* 
[ooce ddaifacd under the title of the Cfliewed bv many infanccs, befi)re hr 

fciiiQpBMf»ifheihouldthrufthim- iVMriii^ tW he knew how toa^, 
J cluiged with his pocket piftol^ The following q>i.thetiy ( fo oommono 
Btkdcfignto infult the andiencei thave ly uCed, and too frequency mifiipplicd* 
ihacare to provide £os his entertain*^ to othen} di 9^ fiibmffifvi fin^ an Aa^*^ 
nt: £»- 1 have contrived a trap that tnt fiijeSt a ienJir bttftandia^fatifir^* 
bill convey him oat of %ht the mi* D were manifefted inhim i to which tusf* 
Mebefbndsttpinthepitf which tiap be added, That he wlasjlw^, 'ua£40i' 
B&canyhim under theftage, whore 9sAfmcceJsful'ivarno»; a oonlbuit pio** 
it (ball be met by fotne of Dodor Fan« te£lor of ntftkt^ aococding to the rali«- 
hB*s<kvi]s, who fhall beftow a little gkm of tnofe times, and a true lover 
fi'BjpIaiB i^xm him ; after which^ ho of thai cmnhy^ whidi by choice haded** 
Ulbe rsuicd above the ftag^ in a £ led upon i^i /Snvr^ to role overit.-^^ 
»diiDe» by another trap, arc, in a In a word, ms reign was a reproach tcr 
iwlubit, beexpo&dtothedcaiiion mod of h3% frideceffart^ fnd 1' heartily • 
^megalkiies, with an infcription over wiih more <» \aAfuceffors {his love of 
pBeadiettingforth his crimes; which^ flnign Mfui^tkm e x c epted) had &!•• 
\\a^ will core him of the itch of lowed hisexampk. 
wig adventures, for the fiiture, atF Amons^ the nm»f njolfi tawt he 
■ktbotre. made, I ihall beg leave to redte oner 

the confidention of which is the oeea— 

CiAftSMJiw, Jan. It* fi»? ?f «y ^ving you the trouble of 

«. this letter. It was made m the 4th 

""' year of his reign, the ythchapteri the 

A Fterthe many and jnft enlogi* O title, hnvhat cafet LiTTlas of 

/\ UDs^beftowed on the memory of Ma rqv I are to be granted. 

^ Hemy V. by all the Ei^ifli The mtent of /iW/ mQf as it mean 

^^iwbohavehadoccaiiontomen- tome, was to give his /n^ aright to* 

!""^w, itwouki beneedleis, if not iecure their property, and retrieve their ' 

^9?t^ty locnter into a laag detail )ti!B»fnm^eign mpvia^/, without fub* • 

^usesRellencies. At.the fame time,H icding their caufe to ftnign tmrts, or. 

« hadidefayed fo well from all de- beii^ liaUe to delap by Jotlicitaims 

tjeesofmcnin this kingdom, and his vA luggtiaHafu^ till oy lei^cf time 

^vtBeswetefoconTpicuous, that to name every body, esooept thnniiBlves, had fot* • 

B% tad not commend him, woidd in got 

>^£i^iihaaabcaa wmtdMttbk ia« 

iWWt; -• • 5rr Kenneth rti5fe/W« </^ Eft- 

gliih^i/far«0ff/# vol* 1- P- 3<>o* 

iS mikiy Esurs'in. jAKiJARir 1739, 

got dieiir lofles and opprefOdta.-^ A "'liMent^tiittciridiatHSinptsindde-l 

Uw made hj a Pmee lb oofliidemte in ^ his tmhkt upon aiif of kii^t^^ 

his cbtnibk, and ^ fieady in the exe^ «* Hege-prtpk tpao&4he tenonr ef ififi 

outkm pf them» was a fufficient iioHli^ * trwte tlketo hef(9^e ^itt ttme) mkit4si 

datkm of his nefdlUdon to pterffrv^^ in ** is no «xprefs inendon inade» th^ « 
the prote^oh of the property^ hisfi^ A " metrques and repHfalt ihaH e«afe i Ci 

^r<«?j, and carried 'a greater terfor than ** faihc ourScnrirdgn Lei^ thfc Km 

bkd miplaints and .«r>^/)' ankamtnts ^ ^ili grant fimrque in die form td ii 

iiv^ttld imte ddhe> luid his «-(7tf«^/r' b«Jn ** thefe, who fed themfelVes in this eai 

fickle, and the execuOm of What Was; " grieved. ^-^-^Fwr^'J^/)? j and otir (ki 

determined more remifs. — Bi<t let us' ** Lord tlie Kii» will do the like to b 
ftetlieiTi7it!(elf. B '^ his Uc^re-feofit, that feel themiely^ 

■ ^ itm, becaufe otir Sovereigh Lord " grievecfngamftthetenburof any/rarr 

** the Kih|| ktA h^aid and conceived, ** which betwhrt *rt» and any (Vf his < 

** tit Bie gnevdos complaint of the C^pt-^ ** nemes (hall be newly taken hei^eab 

•* mm tf hkreabn m this parliftmcht, *• ter. ^ frfthfy 5 and to the greatc 

*» foivlhae, in refpeft ^^ a ftatutc made ^'tom9ifh:i3fliisfaitl^/tt/-ikgi-peeffle, t 
•* *t his parliament, hdlden at Lek*fter, C " tTie intent that they may the nfMn 

'^ the M day of April, in the fecond ** rendilv, and witfaoat lohg delay, haw 

" year of his reignj in which flatutc is ** remedy in this ckfe ; me famfe on 

•* contained, Tliat the breakmgoffnice^ « Loni the King will, tfat '^ beottJ^ 

** vak ^ Jaff-iottduBiy TiiAniiiUikg )re- ** who feel themfehres grieved agninj 

•^ Hifi^ ahehnenty pivcurementy toukcifi •** the Wliour and form of frchirUei 
•' hiring, fttftaiiiiiig aftd mainteining of D " within the realm of England, <nit < 

•• hirttMtrs vfhficty sLiid of the fitfe-con- •* the faid iharches of ^cotknd, iSr opo! 

** daft of the King our Lord, to be " the /^, or in thiK parts hefond fhefi^ 

•* made by his liege-peorfe from hence-' " ftiall complain to the Keeper tf th 

*» forth, within the realm of England « Frinyy Seal, whkh for the thwc ihaJ 

** andIreland,andthecoantry of Wales, * be, wKo arifter ftch cdmplatnt Item 

•* or upon the maiftfia, (hall b<^ judged E " and percciired thereof, fliaH make t 

•• and determined for high'treafrny*6ot^ ** tht party ewtplainanty (if he the (am 

^ againft the cr^vity and tm: JTw^'s *» require) leHers tf rt^fty under th 

** dignity '' — fiamdfy ; hy reafoh of « Prity Sealy in a due form ; and i 

*' whkh -ilatiltei though the King's fab- « Vifttrjuch requefi made, the^^^r^^ rmti 

** je&s be ii^ much grieved againft the " red do not make, within a conveQien 
^ MtcBy that they &e not provide re- j^ ** time, due reftitotion or fatisla£bon t 

•♦ medy hy way of aBy for that the " xhe party griewdy then the CUfonceib 

** Kmg*fifte9ittesy as well in the parts- be- " 0/ England, for the time being, (hal 

** yorS the (ea, as in the realm of Soot- « caufe ,cd. be made to fach parfy gric 

"jand, have thereof taken great cou- " ved (if he that demand) kitcts 

*' rage togrieve the Kin£sfattiyful liege- " . marquey under the Great Sealy in dii 

^'-feopky m (laying fomc of them, and G " form. -^ Sixthh ; and as for reme^j 

** m taking Tome of them prifoners, and " to be ordained for the Kh^s Btgi 

** alfo taking their goods and chattels, *' peotky and fabje&Sy who fticl them 

** againft the tenour of the trucey as ** feives grieved m the realm in Scot 

** well upon the main fea, as upon the " land, or in England, the marches join 

*• marches of Scotland ( whereof the " ing to Scotland, fffr . *' Wha 

*^ faid Commas y haVe hnmblv befeechedH follows relates only jto Scotland, and i 

^ our (aid Sovere ig n Lord the King to now ufelefs. I do not pretend to b 

** provide remedy. — Thirdly lihtKingy lawyer enou^ to know whether tbh 

ff willing in this cafe, as well as in an^ aB is now in forte ; or politician c 

^ other, to take order for the indemni- nough to fay, if it was in force, whe 

** ty of his liege-people 2xA faithful [vb- ther it would be proper to put it in exe 

^jV^/,hat]i declared in this prc&nt par* ^on at this tifliCs nor wteAer it i 

'5^^ ■ BO 

Digitized by VJV_/v_7' 

JFeekfy ESSATS fVJANUARY 173^. r^ 

aotdefoentin fixmedicomftanoes: all domiiumt, that it proved his rainy and 

which J iahmit to bettd: judga than brought about the rewhithn. 

my&lf. The Prince of Orange being bom and 

Batlcsamot forbear obiervingy upon bred up in a coantiy» which depends u« 

tiie &e of it in general, that it feems pon tradey had very ^ood notions of 

to bathe a noble fpirit, worthy of the A commerce t and; when he becanne King 

imiaartalPlantagenets; moftof whom of England, gave feveral evidences of 

anied tbdr frerBgative very high, and it ; pardcoJany in his declaration of 

baeWDesQjppK&d thatj^e^s; but war againft France, where the injuries 

always exerted ihemfelves in their de- received by his tnuHng JuhjeSs^ and the 

het^ when they were m^oftly treated infolts offered to the Engliih fiig aro 

\ffiiher Princes or States. B emphatically mentioned. 

The Tudor Race did the (ame ; parti- QH^en Anne followed his example,' 

Qihrl7 Queen Elizabeth, of cver-glori'^ as foon as fhe came to the crown, by 

cos jnemory, who gave many prooB declaring war againilFnince and Spain, 

thtf file would rather lofe her crvnvm in purfuance of the alliance, which her 

than kSkr hafeaple to be infulted and prcJeceJforhzA formed with feveral great 

abofedby any apoi\ earth*. C Powers of Europe, for preferving, a- 

As much as the Stuart-family may be mongft other things, tbc/reedm of Na- 

blamod, In ieveral other particulars, I vigation aWCommercb. 

do Dot remember any great complaints Every body knows Imu mat^ treaties 

againft them opon that account — E* have been made iince, both by his late 

fa King James I. who was ccr- and his^r^»/iW^^, on the fame laud- 
tunly the moft puiillanimoQs of themD able account, thougji they have not yet 

aIl,suidmegiouily bubbkd l^ the Spa- had thede£red efte£l ; but, as thereare 

liards, for many veais together, once tvM more treaties of commerce now on 

fcewed a fpirit in bcjialf of his trading* the tapis, if not adlually condifded, be- 

P^Sy as you formerly obferved. — I tween the crown of Grea^ Britain and 

Cionot at prefent reooUedl any thing of thofe of France and Spain, there can 

t&ioQBe, or any occafion for it, in the £ be no doubt that our trade will, at lafl, 

itjgn of K. Charles I. the latter part be effefhially fecured ; and that hisMa* 

of which was fo terribly convulfed with jeftyf with the afliltance of bis parlia- 

3 bloody civil luar, that there was no ntent^ will out-do all his leeal psedeoef- 

opportunity for him to look abroad, and fors, the Plantagenets, Twk>rs and Stu- 

^ was ahnofl intirely at a fland. — • arts, as well as Oliver Cromwel, in the 

^ yoa gave us a notable infbmce in F protedion of his liege people 2,t\^ faith* 

ywr laft paper, to which many more fnl fithjeBs^ againft the long-continued 

might be added. That though Oliver infults, depredations and barbarities of 

^^wel was an ufurper and tyrant at their enemies^ 
"«> be would not ftmer even one En- 

Klifiinun to be male-treated abroad, --* / am, 

Itt the reign of K. Charles II. befidcs G 

,tbc.tre2t)Pof 1 667 between w and Spain, Sir, '. 
we obtained the American treaty ^ of 

^^%\s^'^\s\s^Ciyx\ freedom of n^viga- Tours, &C,' 
turn in the Weft-Indies, and our right to 
^ bay of Campeachy, were eltabli- 

™ -King James II. was rc-H HANOVfiRiuaJ 

^'fiikably (killed in maritime affairs^ and 
^ well qualified, as Mr. Addifon 
feewhere obferves, to have made an 
^^wfait Prince- over a- Roman-Catho- 

hck fe(fk . b^j .ijJ5 reHgion was fo prc^ ^ 

f^gitized by LjOC0MM0!( 

fa tt^eekty ESSATS m JANUARY 173^: 

Common Sense, Jan. 13. 
We jull mentioned, in our lafti that the Proje^r had written a Farce; fines 
which, a copy of it was fent us by a perfon to whom it was aiiBBuinicated. 
It muft be obfcwed^ that the Prajedor, his brother, the Poet laoreat, and 
fixteen of the Gazetteer Authors, having joined all their heads together, the 
following Piece was produced, and was to have been aded by the French Players 
if they had continued here this winter. 

La SCENE eft a PARIS. 

tECOLE de la POLin^E: Ou, 

Parodie Je la demitrt Scene du Mtdade 
Imaginaire^ De Mo&ere, 

PRemicrc Entre de Ballet March de 
la Faculte Miniileriale, au fon des 

IiesCoUcaearsdcL'i?;rf//?; LesCol- 
lefleurs de la Douane ; Les Ofiicieres de 
1.1 Pofte*, Les Commis de la Chambre 
des Contes ; Les Dire&urs des Comtanies; 
Les Chapebins de la Cour; le Do6teur 
Codex; un Troop des Penftonaires ; Ic 
Poete Laureate; la Mere Osborne; le 
MylotAFan/rf ; le Chevalier ^iZ^; Ma- 
dueraux, Efpions, Delateurs^ entrant les 

Aprez enx viennent, deux a deu5c, 
les Commiflaires de toutes les Impofls ; 
pais les Dodeurs en politique ; qui vont 
Jc placer aux deux Cbtcz du Theatre. 

Le Prcfidcnt coiflez d*une grande Per- 
ruque, faites de BiUets de Banque frizez 1 
fonHabit donblez de debentures de ^Ar- 
mce^ ^vec des Parements de Billets de la 
Marine; avec un Neud d^paule com- 
pose du Contrail de la Banque^ et du 
Contra6^ du Fourage :— -^Une grande. 
Bourfe^ pleine des Guinees, attachcc 
' a fon Cienture^ qu^il diilribut a toute la 
Compagnie avant qu*il prend fa Place. 

Le Premier Dodear Aabille en Ear- 
lequini fon Habit etant tout larde des 
T'raitcs/ des Prefhdnaires^ des Convert'' 
tionsy des MeTUorialeSy &c. &c. 

Le Prcfident uaflis dans un Fauteaniil 
l|ui eft a Miletr, & Pantahn^ qui doite 
eftre re9eu Miniftre, fe place dans un 
Chaife plus bas. 

ne SCSNE is in PARIS. 

Or, PANTALON made aMiniiler- 

BcineaParodyofthelaft Scene of the 
Sialade Immginaire, of MfJien, 

THE Scene opens nvitb the Proceffion 
of the Mimfterial Fdcuky, to the 
Sound of Mujkk. 

The Colleffors of the Cufionu^ the Offi- 
cert (f the P^ Office ^ the Clerks tf the 
Treafitry^ the Uire^ors ofthefenjeralCom" 
fanieSf the Court Chaplains^ Doctor Ct>- 
dex, a Troop of Penfmers confifUnr of 
Perfons of all ProfeJtonSf the Poet Lav- 
reaty Mother Osborn, the LordFsinny^ 
the Chevalier Billy, Pinfs, Spies, and 
bformersy ivalk crofs the Stage, 

After thefe wove) tvjo hy tvjo, the Com^ 
mijfiontrs of all the Taxes; then the Do* 
(tors in Politicks; nvho place themfehves 
on each Side of the Stage, 

The PreRdent is drefiin a large Perri^ 
*wig, madeof Bank Notes curled up; his 
Coat is lined nuith Army Debentures, turned 
up and trimmed tuith Naiy Debentures ; 
his Shoulder- Knot is tnade of the Bank Coh" 
troBy and Forage Contra ff: — Be has a 
large Purfe, fuU of Guineas, tied to his 
Wafte, vohich be difirihutes 'among tht 
Company before be takes his Place, 

The firfi DoSlor is in the Habit ofay 
Harlequin, his Coat being loaded iviti's 
Treaties, Preliminaries, Conventions, Mt- 
morials, &c. 

placed in the middle of the Stage ; Pkntalonj^ 
v)ho is to be received a Minifter, is placed 
upon a jmaU Chair at, the kvoer end. 

The Reft being Latin, we fhall refer fuch of our Readers as do not undctltandf 
ihatLanguagsL tgth^Vkarof the^uilhtotnaiflateitfordim* 

^^'« \ ■- - - Digitized by VJV_f^/vi\^ 

tf^eMy ESSATS in 

SAvantiffiixii DodiucSj 
Pofidd Ph>iefibre$» 
Q^ ]m aflbnbkti dtis ; 
£c vos altri Meflior«s, 
CoBuniffionarts ic Co]le&>ie^ 
loonki des les Toriesi 
Atque toca Oympagnia, 
Sit VobifciaH HanDcmia 

AtqoB bomixQ A^dtum. 

Non pofTum, Dodi Oxifieri^ 
En moi fads Admireri 
Qaa& bcna Invcntio 
EftPolitica Pio&ffio, 
^^ji^ £ao NoBune iolo^ 
Fadt a Jogo vivcse 
Tant des Gens oraai Geatrt, 
Donqoe H eft aoftraBSapiendai^ 
Boni Senfas atqne Pnidentiap* 
J)e fintment tiavailliaie 
Anos bene oonfiffVArc, 
£t prendere Gauniain a non r«csveve 
In noftio Coqwie Indodo 
Qiam Pesibaas iocatpabiles 
Et totas D^;iias reinnliie 
Ifttt Hafas konwabUes. 
C^ pour cola, que mmc convocati eftis 
£t oedo-qood tRNiyabitis 
Bignam Materiam Miniftri 
In Savand Homine^ que voiq» 
Qaaa dooo ad imeiTPfaoduiiiy 
£t a FondEixaininanduniy 
Veftris xDcapackatibus. 

Premier Dofieur. 
Si mifai LktntiaiQ dattDominus fraKfes* 
Ht tand Po^ Doaoies, 
£t Afiibntes Illufties, 
. Aa ties favand Candidato, 
(^em cftinip d hoDOio, 
Demandabp Oui^et Ratiooeniqim^ 

ArgeDtDHi hat bene votaie? 

MDii a doao Doaoie 

Bemandator Caufam e^tadonem qiuuVj 

Argenti^n &cit bene votare? 

A qaoi rdpondeo^ 

Qoiaeft ineo 

Pgus eft Natwa 
Confeifiitiain afibapiie. 
Boie, Bene, lefpondiftxi 

JANUARY 1739. 24 

In noftio dedo Corpore. 

Sec9tui Ikaeur. 
Demandibo dbi« Dode C^djdate, 
Quid, in Al&ris Fonnibus, 
OMivenit fitoeief 

Princjpio Brayaie, 
Poftea Goarantaie, 
Enfuita Mediaie. 

Bene, ^ene, l^c. ut fufra, 

Troifime Do^euff 
Mais fi duo Puii&noes, 
hnperaior et HtUand^iJes 
Non volimt agreare, 
Qoid Metbodum tiouvaie? 

Com Ambobus Tiaitaie, 
Ambos Goamtafe, 
Cum AmbobjHs Rompaie. 

^uatrUwte Do&iur, 
Demandabo tibi, £)o£b CanSdate^ . 
«Si habes FjqpediinentUHi, 
Bene Probatum et invencum^ 
Tei^ne femper Contentum 
Libenua nojlrum ••*••? 

Placas n^ultas donare, 
Ponea haranguaiey 
Enfuita votary. 

Cimifme DoSafti 

Sed fi P 

EleAum fit male-contentUDiy 
Vult Miniftrum chafiere^ 
Quid illi fiicerc? 

Houfiim bene puj>gai^ 
Novas pla9as cieait, 
Poftea harafiguaie» 
Enfui(a Yotare. . 

Sixfiem hoStew^^ 
Poae Domine Candidate, 
Propons dbi ad lefpondendum^ 
Quid eft nobis fiurieodum, 
Si Jiiego non yult aoponpnodaie^ 
^i Navirps yult plundenue 
Merchandos noftuQS mailacrare, 
Et Oreilios mateUoruni Ampatare| 

Flotam magnam afibmblaiej^ 
poftea multo ftnfi)ronarey 
Sub Ponid Mords Qrdonare 
AdiAirallos dip xvpn ^ttare« , 

Digitized by V3V,/OQlC 

ai Weekly 

Septieme Dd^mr. 
Demanikbo tibi, Dode Candidate, 

Quid r.d E governandam, 

£t Animas noilras confervandajn^ 
Trouvas a propos facerc ? 

Beneficium donare, 
Poftea confecrare, 
EnAiita tranilatare. 

ffuifiefne Do3eur. 
Super ^iftas Policias 
Do6tus Candidatus dixit Miravillias : 
Mais, fi non ennuio Dominuin Praefidem, 
Doftiflimam Pacultatem ; 
Et tdtam honorabilem 
Compaiiiam econtantem, 
Faciam illi unam QuAllionem, 
Cum exetcitu in P&ce 
Quid convenit ksxvt ? 
Soldierofi Powderare, 
OAcieros far votare, 
Malvotantes calhierare. 
Bene, Bene, refpondifti, fcT^ . ntfittra^ 

l£ Trefiitta a Fantamn 
Juras guardare Statuta 
Per Pacultatem praefcripta, 
Siuc Senfu aut Jag^mento? 
Juro. ' 
Le PreJUent. 
Eflere, in (^nibus 
Dcbatis ct Queflionlbusy 

Meo Avifo, 
Aut bono, ant mauvaifo? 


De non jamais (ervire 

Mi«fftris aucunis 
Quam nobis prs/entibas 
Pro Amicifi noilrij: pro^identibus^ 
Ia Nation dOt elfc crevarc; 
£t todf Eur^ abimare ? 
' Juro- 
' Le Prejiikni. 

Ego, ctim bono Stipendio, 
Dono tibi> et concedo, 
Virtutem et Puiflanciam 


Impune per totam Nationem. 
Lis £xcifemen»Commi(iionaires,£^r. 
wiennent faire la Reverence en Cadence 
' a Pantalon. 

Miniftres Emmetientiflimi, 
Tuque Prarfcs Prudentiflime, 
Ce ^roit, fans Donte, a moi Choik fidla« 

Inepta et ridicida, 
Vobis Louangeas donare. 
Qui non Louangeas deferratis, ' 
Nee d'etre blamati curatis, 
Dummodo bene mangeatb, 
Et pla9as veftras pofledetis ;' 
Agreate que, avec meo Voto, 
Pft> toto Remerdam<}nto, 
Rendam gratiam Corpori tam Dofto % 

Vobis, Vobis dcbeo 
Bien olus que a Nature, et a Pfttri meo* 

Natura, ct Pate^ meus, 
Duncium me habent factum ; 
Mais VOU2 (ce que eft bien jius) 
Me havetis fadlimi Miniftmm, 
Qui hoc in Corpore, que voila» 
Imprimat Refentimentum 
Quod durera tant que meiun Employ* 

Vivat, vivat, cent fois vlvat, 
NovusMiniftrus, qui tam benerefpondit, 
Mille, Millo anriis, et ihangeat, et parlety 
Etparlet, cf negotiet, etbibet. 
£fi Commifl&ires, ^c. dan/ant em 
Son des-hfintments^ - - 

Primer DoScur^ 
Puifle toti Anni * 
Jiuy.cflere boni, 
Et favorabiles, 
Et non "habere jamti 
Quam courtas Seifiones 
Pan'as OppoTitiones, ' 
Et magnas Acquifitiones. 

'"Exeunt entnesm 
jiigSci.'-'—^Awsty with them all. 

Digitiged by ^stK^fK^f^l WfE ICL'V 

JFeeily ESSAYS in JANUARY 1739. 23 

Weekly Miscellany, Jan. 13. ed on the liighcr hiU in the view, thoT 

the valley fliould as much engage our 

Nilhaiei irftlix tfofortas durims h fey ajfeaions, which is fo conduciw to a 

fum fiodriMcubs bomhusfacit, beauteous profoc^ and whole ufe and 

Mr, Haoitry fertility' is proau£Uve of fo mnch nftne 

IBerfoade jnyfelf, from your regard A real advantage than the barren height. 
to Cfariftianity, and to everv thii^ There are wrong eflimates of fcrions 

dekiipdve of divine goodnefs, tnat this 

letter will be &voured with a place in 

your Mijceliaftfy thoi^ the Poor appear 

the heroes of the pieoe, and the ^ri& are 

treated with fome freedom and plain- B linefs, tKot^h it lays claim to pbce and 

neis. I woold not be thought infenfible precedeno'. The gay and painted tulip 

and things ; the cart loaded with pro- 
vifions and necef&ries muft not flop the 
progrefs, but give way to the rattling 
gilt equipage, which has often lefs bu- 

IS admiredjwhilfl the more uTefiil medici- 
nal herb efcapes notice and obfervation. 
Thus the idle man of fortune and drefs 
is preferred to the more ufcful member 
to promote an indecent k'- C of fodety, to the poor man whofe daihr 
one, and which may raife hbour hirings daily feivice to mankind. 
' " All regard is paia to ihew and figure, 
and real merit is the lafl thing obferved 
and admired in man. Grandeur and 
maj^iUcence are courted, when the foor 

of the refpe6^ doe to men of birth and 
^tiftinftion, nor that pride and beggary 
are too oBoen ieen inimrable compani- 
ons. I woold tfaeretore avoid everv 

thixff tendi " — ' ' 

berty with 

the notions of the other above' their 
poper fpheie and province of adion. 
The good man as m^ as great one will 
have no caofe to be dfiended, nor can 

yoa fear difbUiging any rich man, who D man, whofe labour clothes and feeds us, 
is a friend to religion and virtue, and is ridiculed and fet at nought. Nothing 

ready to employ his wealth in their fup- 
port; for fuch are in the clafs of thofe 
for whom I have the utmofl regard. 
The hai»;hty and iniblent, the proud 

more oflends the good-natur*d and hu- 
mane part of the world, nor may be pre- 
fumed more affiontive to the divine Or- 
dercr of all things, ( the honour of whofe 

and ovex&aring thb letter is addrefled E creation the poorefi have a neht to) 

to, whofe treatment of thofe below 
diem prove them ignorant of the ufe of 
idenority-, and feems to deny the^oor 
tile privilege of fidlow-creaturefnip. 
How woold the nature of man be hu 

than infult and reproach. The affi- 
flances of the foor fnould be oftner re- 
coIleAed, and the benefit received from 
their neceflitv and dependence more fre- 
quendy confidered. It is very prettily 

manired in this refpeft, and what a F aigucd by Sir Richard Steely where an 

jufb value would be fet upon bbour and 
indoftry, did we oftner form an idea of 
the/oar*s fenrices to fodety, and view 
them in thofe offices and eoiployments 
withoQt which the greatefl moonveni- 

excufe is offered for ao uncommon civi- 
lity and ceremony to an inferior : ** It 
** is mi enouzh 6arefy to pay — iir ought 
•* to do formthin^ more than barely Ratify 
tbenty for 'what they do at our command 

would arife ! Thofe flations and-G ** only becaufe their fortune is hclrw us. 

drcomfbnces which are ove^look*d, or 
bdield iltrith fcom and contempt, are in 
ihort mofl beneficial to the world, and 
may be reckoned amongft the kind dif- 
penfiiBons of providence. As we may 

The efleem of every thing fhould be 
proportioned to its ofefiilnefs and fer- 
yice, and, rf the induflrious and ingeni- 
ous poor can be proved beneficial to Ibci- 
ety, I can't fee why they fhoukl not 

trace its fo ot Sep s through every partH fha^ its refpe£^ ana afRr^lion. Socie* 

of deated nature, fo in low life; in the 
abilities and corilitudons of the^oar, 
are the prints of it to be temarked and 
admired. We fekk>m indeed look be- 
iow us for agreeable objefb. If we are 
ifon Ac hu of £»tttiiey the fight is fix- 

ty, like a houfe, would be greatly at a 
lofi if all its furniture was only orna- 
mental. The necefHiries and comforts 
of life are hinded up to us from the 
poor. I never fee kce and embroide- 
ry upon th« back of a beau, but my 


Jf^e€ily ESSATS m JANUARY. 1739, 

to be earned bv the Aweat of h;s om 
brow. I could wifii to iee an extiavs 

f&nt pkt>fuie perfon broiling in fi 
itchen to fee out his luxurious dainties 
then might we hope to fee fuch fbppii 


thoughts deffend to the poor fingeis 
that have wpught it, and to whofe in- 
genuity the^«//^yrZiSm; is owing. There 
2S certainly as much merit in weaving a 
£nR fdk, as in ability to buy it. A 

rich man is a fort of herald proclaim- A delicaor^at an cntl, and that luxuiit 
ing the fuor^s excellencies. Jjet us but would be unfafliionabk by fuch pail 

ibrm an idea of men of fortune left to 
themfelves without their fervice and at- 
tendance, and one could hardlv think 
the world produdlive of fo much ufelef- 

to come at theiti. But, to take on 
more pleafine view of the/Mr in thd 
flations of labour and induftry, let « 
obferve their chearfulneis and itxeng^ 

nefs and imigniiicancy. Like M^, as B their capacity and inclination to hel 

^ rich man can^t eat, he would fbure 
with his gold, and compofe the mod 
unhappy part of human fodety. He 
would loon appear in the moft deplo- 
rable ftate 01 mdigence, and be more 

us in the moll ofienfive and diiaereeabf 
offices. What a fink would the towy 
be without them ? how uawholibni 
and infufferable with all its grandeif 
and opulence ? what nufances are r^ 

4iirty and tatter'd 3ian thefe objects of C moved, and how clean and comfortabti 

his ungenerous ridicule. Providence Jias 
lowerM the notions and views of fonxe 
for the fake of others, given difierent 
talents and difpodtions to men fuitable 
to their di^^nt ilations in life# It has 

are we made by their labours ? CouU 
the white hand of a la^y be laid to.i 
duil-ba(ket ? or would any finical com* 
pofition of powder and perfume give t 
nelping hand to lonove the foil and 

inur'd fome to labour and hardfhips, and D filth which would ficken and poifen the 

made them ienorant, as it were, of the 
jamencfs of their feecies, to render them 
ix)ndercending and fubmiflive to their 
chicumftances. But a learned author^ to 
jemove our odium and contempt of the 

town by continuance ? In iboit, tiio 
porter's knot is a more ufeful impUi 
ment than the fincfl fword-knot ; and 
wiiilil the latter, by bis irioes may be 
hurtfiil to ibciety, the formei;, okk. far 

foot, thus obferves in their fiivour : £ the frkjikgi to live, is burdened tor i^s 
,** That in the common nature of man- fervice. All our markets aze .pleafli^ 

" kind we all agree. In the bodies of 
** po9r and rich there is the fame rare 
** compofure and admirable artifice, the 
** fame infinite wifdom and goodneis in 

fcenes of labour and induiby } and, tp 
conclude, there is a real patriotifin in 
the hondd and induftrious foor^^ wkich 
ihould make them valued and regarded 

fiaming the one as the other. There F by their brethren and oountxyaaeii. 

'^ is not a joint, a limb, a bone nor a 
** finew, not a vein nor an artery, mufele^ 
*' nerve, nor leaft ftring or little inftru- 
'' ment of vital or animal operation or 
** motion, but is alike to be found in the 

which ihould recommend worn-out la- 
bour to our picv and relief, and remove 
all derifion ana contempt of inferiority. 
I (hall only obferve funher in their be- 
half, that for their fcanty portion of 

^ poor as in the rich, " What would a- G the good things of iife they are morp 
vail our large eftates, and great tra£ts of diligent in their religious duties, tha^L 

land without their labour f it mufl be 
dll'd and manured betore corn can be 
produced, and that mufl be afterwards 
threihed and baked before even a King 

thofe who enjoy them in hxfft propor- 
tions. Early pcayers are atteaded hf 
thofe poor fuppliants, whilA the bouoh 
ties of proyiaenoB can hardly lead the 

can have bread to eat. Pride and lu-H rich at any time to their duly. Their 
'xury are the reigning yices of the age, Sundays and days of reft are for the |^r 

and even here they muft be obliged to 
the poor for fupplies and materials. This 
is pi fervice I own I am fon^ to fee them 
employed in. I wiih a nch man*$ lu- 
l^nes, like a poor tQ9xC9 bread, were 

nerality obferved and (andified, whilft 
the horfes aie fiukiled, boots and whin 
are called for, to eouip the careiefs rich 
for their rural pleaiures and expeditions! 
^9X k^jl^^fi^M^ 

Wttkl; ESSJrS in JANUARY 1739. 

k mxf be bdlj apprehended their mi- 
feries will begm where the others will 
Old; and that the /flori honefty and in- 
Mry, hamility and rei^nation to the 
mllflf ftovidence, will be amply re 


ihtje nejai mmi of ^ir addrifi^ or the 
elegance of their tajie, I loibk upon the 
drefi to be an indication of the mind s 
nor do I think, from the obienrations I 
have made, that I am deceivM in my 

vznH wbc° the ineligioas and un- A opinion : When I iee a man dean and 
peefbl foDS of fortmie wul receive the gentedy plain, drefsM in the mandiiftore 

^ . r^ » — -n. ^ ^c .!-_•_ ofGrffl/J?r*r/i/>,whofe appearance (hews 

more a ftudy for decency than finery, I 
icniple not to judge that perfon a man 
of fenfe, a ufehil iubjedl, and an honeft 
B Engl^fimum : On the other hand, when 
I l^hold a fop, drefsM up in a tawdiy 
finery, or a coxcomb deicending in his 
habit to the imitation of the loweft 
dafs,, I venture fafely to give them the 
charader of vain-conceited, empty, in- 
fignificant wretches : But however m- 

jA cenfitre and ponifhment of their 

I amy Sir, 

Tpurs, &c. 


ONe of the gtcateft wits of die pre- 
fcntage has &Cd tht mnrver/al 
fgfim of mankind to be the hve of 
foKi for whether fit>m the generous 
^liiffs ofvirttief or the depreciated ones 

i/wff ambition may take its /burce, C fignificant they may appear, we have 
ft is that which in h6k is the chief go- at prefent a reigning ambition among 

nnaaeot of our afHons : It is from 
diis jaffion that the defir^ of becoming 
ftturkahle and particular fo generaUy 
prerails ; for moll people eovet the noiice 

OUT young Gentlemen of degrading them- 
felves in their apparel to & daS of the 
y^rv<r«f J they keep. It may at firft feem 
very extraordinary that thefe fparks 
tad A&ttr^mt of othm, imagining that Dfhould zSt thus to gain admiraticm: 
tbereby they in reality become wonder- p But from what other caufo can it be 
H and extraordinary. Though all men that my Lord Jehu wears a pluih frock, 

a little narn>w-edg*d lacM hat, a oo- 
lour*d handkerchief, and in- this habit 
drives a motley fet of horfes, and a 
£ coach of his own, built' by his own di-' 
redlions, in humble imitation of thofe 

aie in fome degree a£luated by this prin- 
Q{^ ret it appears differently in each, 
vxoroing to tne temper and indination 
^ die ^rfon whom it aduates upon : 
iwhen it meets with bold enterprizing 
^hrits, it makes them heroes ; when 
with covetous diipofitions, mfers ; coun* 
t>7 'Sq\iires it converts into hunt/men 
^pcitys, and our Lmdm petit maitres 
'mi fits and coxcombs. 

In this paper I fhall not undertake to 
tanmcnt on all the efftfts which the 
^ of /flfflf has on mankind in general, 
bw fliall confine my obforvations on 
Wftnngrfy it operates on the bfl 

which carry paflengen on the road ? it 
is the knowledge of his own abilitiet 
which di£tates this condu6l : How plea- 
fing b the reflection to him, that when 
F he goes through a country-town, fit- 
ting with becoming grace in his box» 
he hears the people uiy. There goes ny 

Lord Jehu! His great abilities in 

drivii^, his exadlnefs of fmiilitude in 
drefs, and his af^bility to his brethren 

^*es of pcrfons f mentioned, our Zm- G of the whip, muft give his Lordfhip a 
■* feior ejprits. The young foflows of fcnfible fatis^dion, that this particula- 

^metropolis, who have an ambition 
to be renutrkahk, without any one gQo4 
« amiable quality to make them fo, 
™»iiatclyhavcrecour(ctt)d^r/f; an 

rity makes him as well known in moft 
roods throughout England, as the ho- 
nefl follows themfelves who drive the 
ftages. I will not undertake to fay. 

*™?^ and particularity in this rcfpeft H whether it is in imitation of his Lord- 
™»dicmd2Knguifh'd, and draws the fhip, or whether the produd of their 

90 ofthc worid upon them : but tho* 
^fcooWbc with the. utmoft contempt, 
^tyattnTjutc it to another caufe, as 
^"^'^geiitcdiKli gf liwir ptrfau^ 

own fertile genius's, but I have lately 
obferv'd a great number of fmart young- 
fellows, drefsM in the manner of my 
t^rd; a narrow -ti^'d Hat flapped 


s6 fTeekly ESSJTS in JANUARY 1739;, 

jfiBxiy enoimities which you take notk 
ofy you will not entirely overlook tiii 
wliich I would jufl make bold to mec 
tion to youy as a thing that has contri 
buced to the diflurbanoe of, many c 

4own, z plain Jhirt, buck-Jkin hrteclns^ 
and an In^a handkerchief round the, 
neck, fecm to conllitute the diara£ler 
of a *r///y fellow. There are another 
fet of fparks who chufe rather to ap- 

pear as jockeys, and it is feldom or he- A your fair readers. 

ver they are to be Teen without boots, 
whips m their hands, and black caps 
inflead o^ hats. Another dafs of thefe 
gentiv difguife themfelves in rug and 

duJi/cQSLUy which it feems are politely _._ _^ ,^^ „ „. 

termed tvrap rafcah ; and in fhort, dark B poffible, to* gain 
wigs, and dirty linnen ; chuiine rather to young Ladies ( if I 
appear like pick-pockets than 'bentlemen. 
My country readers may wondpr that I 
fhould inftance thefe perlons as exam- 
ples of ambition \ but they will allow 

To be ihort. Sir, the thing is this 
There are a company of youn^ fpark 
about town, who make it their chic 
buiinefs to ramble up and down, frox 
oxie ' beauty^ to another, m order, J 

* ' pin the good graces c 

young ladies (if I may ufe the exprd 
iion) cm no other intent than to brinj 
diflrefs and vexation upon them. .. 

This they lay a founoation for by al 
the iy mptoms of flames, tortures, racka 

them to be candidates for publick no-* Cand burnings, and a thouiknd fuch ex 

ticc, when I inform them that in thefe --^ -i---l . j__? ?„ 

habits they appear with a kind of pride 
in all the publick places about town : 
They have at Lift cafeed'it fo far, that 
in thofe dreiTes they come into the boxes 

prelfions, which a wandering geniu 
(together with a long experience) hai 
richly fumiihed them with. 

When they firft approach the fair 
it is with all the cant of a languifhiiq 

at the theatres ; and where one would D adorer, utter*d in a continual round d 
expe£)! to fee a genteel polite circle, we flatteries, and a repetition of the fame 

view Ladies of the firft Quality and di- 
ftin£kion furrounded by a p:irccl of men 
who look like ftage-coadunen, jockeys 
and pick-pockets. 

As this mancp' of drefs is accompa- 
jiied with as rude a manner of behavi- 
our, I advife thefe young fparks not to 
have fa great a defire of being diftki; 
guiihed for the oddity of their appear- 
ance ; but inftead of that ardent .emu- 

things; which complaints perhaps have 
enga^ the attention of moft of the 
reignmg toafb, one time or other. ^ 
this means thefe wandriiw; lovers have 
E got a peculiar knack of ingratiatiiig 
themfelves into the favour of the femaj^ 
world : And befides fuch expreiTions ai 
are above mentioned, they endeavour to 
win upon the affedions of the creatujs 

they hope to betray, by telling her fhc 
lation they fhcw to imitate the inferior F is the perfection of all felicity ; thaj 

in her perfon alone all the lovely al 
tradtives of beauty, as well as t* 
moft Con^icuous marks of greatne^ 
are afFembled together; that natufl| 
form*d her to be the objedl of thought^ 

dafs of mankind, they would exert 
their rational Acuities, and endeavour 
to feem, as well by their habit as con- 
verfation, men of common-fenfe and 
common good-manners. 

There is another clafs of prctty-fel- G the adamant of all loves, and the 
lows whom the Iwe of fame ftrangely of celeftial beauty ; in fine, that heai 
afFeds, and whofe condudi the follow- 
ing correfpondent very juitly complains 
of I. (lull infert the Lady's letter 
here, but fhall more particularly confi 

is in her fmiles, and defpair in 

Thus, by degrees, the heart of 
fiiir creature is melted to pity andcoi 
der her complaint in tome future lucu- H paf&on, and by this means ten th( 


To Mr. Stonecaftle. 

ASyourpa;geris In fomemeafure cal- 
culated tor the benefit and advan- 
ugt of the £ur fcx, I hope, among the 

diib^ions immediately enter, i 
the fiilfenefs and perjury of thefe 
mirers ; for no fooner Jiave they gaini 
their point, but this pretended &xit jf 
extinguIfhM, and they are engaged \ 
diiplaying their love to another, Iq r 

Weekfy ESSATS in JANUARY 1739. ^J 

ler to ififaiekr heart iJIb^ audio die tkui diafe comiiioii pofidons; Thai 

poorocatsfc is left in the utmoft per- Phikcbs im^ Mtw their fimmtrs «f 

pladqr CD idcue faerldf outof ft tlw ^ fkaftjVsA^inmj Mf may 4$ ^whti 

bcfinajfiK iscapdbk; tlioag^ per- thtj ntaU with xyk%\%, owi« ; Ibr^ ac^ 

kuBy itis amended widi many luRivy cording to /i^/i facrui dtSrhCt we are 
if^ and gloomy reflexions of love» A not allowed to make any putial o^ 

jafaoTy, anger and ibmiw« till the wliok corrupt ufcs of whatever we are po& 

(bI » dreodied in a lea of fonow. Mki. 

Dear Mr. Speaaiar^ if yon have aaf Prvtcis, wetc the partuKty of >(^ 

qaid for our flac, don't fail of ex-' fetaiide, would not bellow their fitvpun 

fiiff tMe fort of pabm to ^ where there was sot fome merit. — I 

wm, (in your next paper, if poffifale) B do not men the merit of Hatteriog/^^* 

ted^ of oar lex, wno ittay not be vMrA^vMir/ j or eaininr jovrer for or* 

i^mi of them, may by that meanr hitrary pmf9/k ; hat annng from /r* 

tepe die poifon of th^ darts; by Jlice vod hetutpltmee, — MiniJI§rs yuGoUt 

wk 700 will oblige many of yoor not, in this cafe, mm rich, at the exr 

(Kiiaat leaders and admirers, and par- pence of 1^ fMhocL'^ StMers vrwAA 

aoiady C not pknder fAt inmcmt and drfenceUfs. 

So»HiA. The5/d«n<tHi/wo«ldnothrradeour/fo-' 

r.atT^cwaw «y^ -,/s *^,or wo omfelves the iWfrfjf and *fv- 

Craftsmat., Jan. 20. JI^J' rf one anoAer.- lT?onowW 

THe nafteadinefs and variety in hii* tbu Am;, the jitd^ would put himfeif 

son aatare piocced more from imo the iftate of ne frijtmrj and widi' 
4tl^m than nafoa, Tmptn di&r, D concern pranoonce that fentence, which 

oi/iy&MRf chaise; bot, in matters of hboAceoUlgeshhntodo. Hewould* 

Man/, mod agree. I woold »)t be be fo fiv from agrrsvating the fniritf 

mbod to mean anv thing &ther of the ianj, thathe would know him* 

te what is neceCuy tor order zxAfi- udf to have as little power as any in die 

ofj. Thisopinion tbt great Lawgk/er cmrt^ where he is oonfmed to certaht . 
mtf feetns to confirm, when he£ fiiiBr/,fn«nwliichhehadinomorei^t 

xnvtiat oomrnand. Do as you 'would to depart, than to commit /acriUge or' 

ihuhf, which f ttbmits to an eqoi- nmrmr. -— Mad this la*w geneially pre- 

^ detenninatiofn of the relpe6tive viU'd, feaal laws would hart faeoi ufe* 

¥Dt, thofe aftions by which others lefs; frNr«iich|nan,be!iijg endowed with 

sitinlBaKed. nish^unBim is found- the ^negoed difpoiitioD towards his 
^ oa inah ToAjuftice, Ccdfcienceand P mighhout as JUmJk^^ wodd have heen' 

tf-oxKri6bon are the ftroi^^ evideh- more concerned al>out doingr^^, than 

CBtopodnoe the formen and when afraid of k>fiiig teffeffions, — ^Jtishhtoa' 

tbthdeared, bat a fmalllhareof ca- and a<oaH€i muld have hadnoexi-' 

I>Kit7isie<taii«dtDJiidgei^;^i^^^ ftence s hot dtfidewcemAfcar of partia- 

^ff^^thisla/w. M the w«ii/9uxr %, in onr caies, might have made it^ 
i^totea in die common acce^cition, G ei^edient to iubftitute mapfirates^ who' 

^ is ao fuch ^ng lodged with any would have been chofen mm amongft 

■>»; Imean, every bo<ty' is enjoined iA»mjif(fi of the people, — yir/?iVf would 

^ Mbw tke didatcs of reafia anii <orr- never have been delayed ; for as ftipen- 

^\ aad, as. human perfe^^ion will diaries think they cannot do too little 

aid, to (bin the intioements of viV^ and for their wages, wrtuous men are inde- 
t^iufiaimtt. £very broach of /^//Hfatigable in their purfuits of doing 

4* isaninjaftsoe to mankind in ge- good. The jargon of Wefimiftjier 

ml ; and the higher fbitioos thofoper- HaU would have been as uielci's, as it . 

h Mc placed m, n^ tranigrefs it, hath been pemtck>us. — In all probabi- 

^vis the gnater number 5i fiiffkr- lity, this was one of the perfeaions 

^ — Nodiing can be more contrary which the error of our frft parents 

tltie iiieiK of thi^ dhaac mmatu^ loa.— 8tttJhat is a Peculation very re- 

«8 fTfekfy ESSATS in JANUARY 1739; 

inote.-r- It iscortain, that we findeor^ on the Jami wes. Bit hapmr woM 

'felvesinavory diifipientfituatbn ; and it be for us, if it were a lime more 

that *td<:e ri4ei triumphant, in defiance eonfidered, that the diilcreiice is not to 

pfpatMi/^ temaUieSf and xhc^iae/ kpws, great in the laws themfelves, as in ^ 

(h^n'^canbe'inadet magiflrates^ and that the vidknce and 

■BxlndHimman*,fi^bs,attMuturresi ^ ^^"^'jf -"^J^ "T^!^ 

■ . C&«*«».«.;fle«;4. 7.633. '^it^i.^^^^fe^^defignM 
, As nothing hath been yet fufficient for the grvatf/i and molb bttrtb^^^ 
to.fecme us apinft (he nfaeimn and B iarsi but wr, before it beGoniies habi^ 
^andm% .we find purfelves under the toal, may be eaftly checkM i and that h 
ereatq' neoeflity to.espen our otmoft cn^ theduty of a careMmagiftrate, — Wocdd 
4eayott]ns» kxoatdtfmce ^xAfrticffkm. not a mag^ratt deferve much better «! 
. It.^ ne^fs to prove, that his country, who nreierved the lives d 
||et ktswf be qrer fg wifidy oidatned, if men, by forcing them into imhftry9x4 
^hey^notvigORMiflypceooted^itweieCi^W, than in procurii^ be 
getter t])ey had neyer been made; tho\ hanged for offences^ which idkmeft and 
Jill our own countiy, whrn the kg0a^ nvant had tempted them tocnnmit ^--- 
Uire hath ha^ hiUf under confidoation. Though the latter ought to be done, th^ 
I have heavdr a certaip fet of people, /enn^oi^htnot to be kftnndone. 
^itboiU doorsj, argue for naifing a liliy The integrity and gravity oimmJUrf 
tn /mwvMTji though at the iame timcDofju/ficf commands an awe and reve- 
^ley coul4 not deny that it was too fe- rence from the kwer people^ and re* 
xereforMrar/iiMr.T— Ihavcbeenafto- fpe£l fK»n aU. 
luihed to think how ftranffely iffnorant. , • a r ji r ^ 

qr knaviih, and how iwfy fcJiOaveiy ^? cmmmjuta fi futJ^ cmtfyu > 

1^ l9r ^^tain time. A^'^Inc. F ^^' ^- ^- ♦• *• *^- 

cyght tobeal>R)gatedofoQaHe, with-^ • Tliis was very good advice to a jpomg^ 
cjitawp^cular repeal of the/r^^- Emferon Kidin/reeJiatiSi whve tkf 
turn fora^tionttmtcanfuhfiftwith- /M^ir have the greateft ihaie in SBakim^ 
eat punifl^ng^MSri* may fubfiftwith- /Aor ^«w /bot-^ it is likewifi; goed a£ 
CHtt tt^ jkswfr of ptmrj^i^ tAm. T^s vice to the ^ibonlht^^ magiiratts, 
^igbt p^filbly l>e attended wkb theG Where it happens that tnag^atu 
\ ^onfequeno^ of ^lakiitt magiftrates are diflblute in their mtr^is^ or paitittf 

c^er^ thenaeives ; .i^itd the ^u' of lofing in the adminiftration of the laws i if 

iq^s wQukl be a fort of obligation to they a^um^ tp tfaesifotves a newer of 

)uve them dkfy extcuttdk whiSi nught, difpenfme with jim imis, and tt J6m 

io fome degree,, prevent any underi^nd faple ; wmilft they pot «^v&«r/ligoroolly 
orcQU\if]vegainmadftby/r44r»;yi^^H<nfoct^, which th^ know v^tl be av 

rr/, if ^hereeverfliould b^^^^m^ff^ • giceabktir their ^af-inri^ii or threaten 

The «mriz/iWfOf9ioftnatJ6as have to mt others in feite, fiiomwhkhinoft 

been nearly the iamej^ in all ages i and contributions may be failed, foch/0/-. 

fife laws that ]tM»ve bcf n madeKyr manv lit^ sssassagemtMt will nnder the imvt 

hundred years poll, are chieAy cajcu- themfoives odioas. 

lated to infli^ Uill grt^tgr fiifnfimmi^ . (The h»t mertaft^ rf- a Arwr, ii no*^ 

.... ' always 

Weeify ESSATS in JANUARY 1739. 19 

itfapundm far imkjflg fttftjfimcMfs rankitity. Bat when mmj^i uid mm* 

mrtjivfft, C^Mtims utw^mahrt grates are carno(( to multiply final 

oogk toittve fiin £itis£i£tx>n that the arws^ and not as vigorous in the execM* 

p^^Mtf have fiuthfoUy and diligently twtifthemi it may be more itrof^;]y 

dowdnrchty, and that (he growth of concluded, that they aft from a tbirji 
^dksa hath ariien from & infiffi^ h'<fpower^ not a frincipje of jt^ice^ an4 

dtaci^Ae law^ and not fiom any ne-* that their leaft ami is the makingpeople 

dn u) die vdmfiers ffflPUi} fer \i hotufl, — They only wait fin: a conveni- 

iedefed b owii^ to ttimj it would cnt opportunity of fubjedin^ the whole 

lets lidicdoos to give tbofe men larger tp their as^bitious purpofes ; and ehre no 

Rwho £d not know hpw to de other reafon for ftuarving their firength^ 
ijrhadabeadyyastoputaifwQrd B than that they may have a more con* 

■l»die hands of a madimm, tive influence over thtix jM^fnijeSs } 

Vemfmdmsjmmit^ fiia feccfOnm tfl^ which is the befl ivaion, that can \f^ 
jdm foccetm^-^Bat if 'viMgeancf Si moit pven, for not traiUif them with it. 
ODomi'd in the fbnningof A^tv; than Let Solon's refMlion be a wvningt^ 

jifkn if /evert femalties are increased, as. ** If yoo now (knarty fmilhe^ 

|fndie%j;eftianofay^l or»per« C^ Uamenot Uie heofvethPowirt^'Um 

^ they are 0ood. The£[tikisonlyMr 
*^mvn. We'gsve fiim^ OQr^r«f| 
'^ we took the rAtftf, and DOW he niako 
nndam amoi^ a erocid, W whjch *^ osyCsatfif i yctweoomplun/*— «-« 
iMqr win be Enr^ bat mAxif knows I have pften confidefd, whetfaer-it 

mvbmthebidlet may light. D would not be mofl advifeabk, mzfret 

tk moft confider^ae magiftrniif will /«/^ to have \riAfirw fenml laws^ zrii 
toane^^i&nw withrelumnoe; and thofe not very Jt'ven^ but to be exe- 
Ae iemr.the temakie* are, the greater cuted 'without remijp9H.-~'h Prince^ let 
vifl be die oppofition and difobedience him be ever fo wil^ and eood, cannot 
flf dKpemk. — St4ch fartial Lvws will poflibly judge of frofer objeSts (at \m 
*•» be nilMnitted to, in the ordinary E as reprefented by fer- 
m^ fjnfiice : axid whenever it is ne- fons about him : and how confcientious 
^^\0 9diiextrftor£narjforce^\ntht fitch men arc not |o mifuie the mW 
|fKe of fffcJautboriiy^ to aid the civil clemency^ or how deteflableit will be in 
/jwr; I toy, whenever thefc things them to barter tlicir mafler^s mercy in 
'>Afipen in a country, that ever vns/hee^ order, to fill their own focjketj, we* may 
let dm boafl of their conflitittion and F eafily euefs, if the courtiers and mint- * 
^*»rifi as much as they pleafei but jf/rjof^thb age are like thofe mentkm'd 
^ wife neighbocn will (hake their in hiftory ; tor in Ben. JohnJbmH time^ 
Ms, a nd either pity^ qr ii^fdt their there feenis to have been fomediing of 
mm condition. this kind of tralBck in England » 

' Of aS JfBnments^ none can' do fb „ ,,, . r^ ^ * * 

^^^mt/^miniflers anA ^gi-G^''''^ZjStL''.''''''^^ ^ 
^tfv.--CoinQioh innieries fidl Upon ' ^ *■*•*«/•■*■» , 

P«tbIaD only i bot^thc mifdeedsV 9.\J^^^rjwastahn, arraign^ and 
^myhe'tKhM calamitiei,-^ « emAmn^todtei 
yioeit/dierAie inju&iou^ Atf > ^/ money w* ^^ 

*f|i#i in Older toincieafetfcDOWcr AffV.RipwAY2/-r^-Dirii- 
«i^«^w»,tiBsupaAi;tff/"tounfhackleH ^ „, . f^JVT^ ^* ^' j. ,1. 1 , 
«>«. It b th^ fiune thing as if onc^ JCM^^iot^f iponey, and tin tow i 

J-^tobecata«;inb«krtocu« i ^ ^r « *^ rf, r»-^ 

■^miWeft execution of ^tf/i5>w/ ^^' 

*»ot juftify a fitperfiuoiis addition of It is a very wife maxim, never |o 
t^i fi)r/0&)fOl^prodaCe a/#fffo^ phtfc'mdit power m adf hrctnct oT a 

Da /^^t 

30 ff^eekly ESSATS in JANUARY 17^9* 

ftate^ than what is abfolutely necaf&iy burthenfome ; when it is cqi^Oy, aflj 
for the prefervation of the tuhoie. — as feverely punifhabley to d^raud tt$ 
Power is the ofBpring of vice: and a atfiom^ as to hrestk am btm/e^ the coa- 
verv Undir and careful daughter fhe mon people will foon learn to xnake m 
makes ; for (he never lets her pwent difference. — All the con£denition wil 
want any thing (he procure her. A be, where is the M booty f — ^Thus »i«r* 
But thofij who arc net in bve with the dersy robberies^ and all ilreaehes ofmorai 
famtlyy ought to keep hnth under. — Let laws^ as well as the hrvafion oTtropert^ 
it be always remembefJ, that/A^i& in will become more Eimiliar and mquenfi 
pmvery who H'ant to enlarge it, are en- where penal laws abound. — ^Thc rem^ 
deavouring to incroach upon others ; and Jwn of crimes may enlaige po-u^er e^ud 
thrfe who defirc to redraid them, are B ^ ^^^ bellowing of ^rwejes % and it i| 
only ftroggling to fecure themfehves, a much cheaper benm^on : for at 

x^iL^A .fc^^.f. r» 1 j'j nra men had much rather be- freed from 

S'^iXJ^'i'^7^ ^v ^J<^' than gain /«/«,«« J urf 

mtL ^^ ^ ^ Se exaftion of a>, & might poZ 
Tb* rich.ri»/ n.l'J,ande^^eiorn^ fibl^r ruin a ««• and his fenuly,. roighj 
CmSJJ k. k,*. X.„-.vLr A.^i! Ctwnfy kua «»»> » rtfifianct^ where a 

«i ^ Wof a much jpeater value, woall^ 

ft.thp.litfo//?«rVy9«,A,«it/.«^ir5 ** ^ "Pf '^'i*' = '^'n^^'^^S; 

S0mMitnvairdutfo another^ bt * cumltaiicd, I can eafily conceive that 

^vf Pi.»^^!l»» T \u ITi^ *^^ ' ^ ««« '^ ^^^ n^y innocently fell with-^ 

iy^PiutaidiilJe^fSotoK. inthe^//^rer//;/^«u.r.-Wlienthe« 

Inraifing ^«;r^j, Excifes upon honte-jyarp any /^i^r ele^ions, how &tall^ 

eimfitmptiony penalies upony&wf Exports^ this trufi may be us'd by badmtn^ « 

Zfdfe*veral ifr^orts, it may be neccflkry ■ very evident., 

1^'S ;ftl^£TT' "** '•{ • Common Schs., Jan. to. 

order to encourage beneficial commerce) "^ 

to make penal la-wsy and to render a^- ^^* Commm Senfe^ 

ons punjlbahle^ whicli before were w E T Have belongM to the fca-fervice a- 

crimes in themjclnjes, BjI the Exigency J. boi'C five ai^ thirty years, have been 

offiaie only can jullify thefp lazus; in (even engagements, five times woufid- 

which fhould be very cnutioufly and ed, and once taken prffoner. 'ITicfuf- 

fparingly made ; for as tbat man is bed, ferings I mention I think of with plea- 

who hath the fhiveji faults^ fo that fure, and am willing to ferve my coun- 

emsntry wiH be moft virtuoHS, which F^ry with the laildropof my bkxii. Bat 

hath the fenuefi fnares and ten^ations fome hardfhips of another nature,which 

for offnces. we feamen have of late years been Cib- 

Tbefe lanvs are commonly put under jeft to, I cannot but exprcfs with fome 

the aianagemcnt of magifirates^ who refentment and indignation ; and that 

are pai8 for their time and care; is, our beix^ fo frequently taken into 

Their firianefs recommends them toGfenrice, and every now and then dif- 

farther preferment^ and their negled charged, with fo little r^ard and dc- 

lofes them Sihenfficiai office. — ThtftA- cency, that we are not ufed even with 

mdinate magiftrates^ who have the exc- common humanity. TTicfe hardfhips, 

cation of the A«u/, meeriyfMral, are which Ihavetoooft feen and fuffiercd, 

not upon tl>is foot in many coantrieii; and the inconveniencies of which I at 

fo that unlefs they are eiidow'd with a H this time labour under, have led me to 

more than.aroipaf); ihace of w*w and refleft on the little encouragement riven 

publick Jpirity there can be no great to the navy, compared with the advan- 

wonder th^t.the morfiljfi^s &}\ aftoep, tages attending the fend-(crvicc. 

whilfl the others will not kt any body That our fleets are the iumour^ the 

x«ft. • defence, the flrength of Gf«at Britain, 

Where thepenaltiee oUheJe i^vare the fuppor(of our trade, the d»c&denoe 

• . . Digitized by Vj.v_/.v_^'S I, .* ' flf 

tFeekfy ESSAYS in JANUARY 1739. 31 

ifo uiCi t uih ,andthetenorofoarenfr- but rods for the people^s bacb. It waft 

aiiesyiiDbody wiUdiftnte: AAdyetthe an exoelknt obfervadon of theprcfent 

perioK to whom thde great advantages Cardinal de Fltary: The Englj/h fleet 

aicoWK an oonfidered in the moft mwes their eiumes; their arm, them- 

taea and ddfncable li^t. When a Jilvei. 

inasks^mt all theM of his time A When ill iifa|;e has driven halfou 

in die dai^en and hardfliips a fea-life feamen into foreign iervice, the nation 

eahv«]rsexpoledtOyandhashadaIlthe will, too late, be ienfible which ought 

koDtbsa to prefennent which that fer- to be moft rdpe^ed and encouiami, 

neeaDows, the greateft reward he can the g^udy butterflees or the roogh ho^ 

kpeferasareoonpencefbrhbkboQrsis neft tarrs. 
(ttaCoinmiffioDeroraFbg) an appoint- B ^mt/ 

meat, of five orfix hundred poimds a- ' ^ ' 

fCar; anddtttontyfortenoradozen Samson Maikmast. 

iRot. Bat what is all this to the num- ^"^^Ontains a propofal to the town for 
lia'aBdfiJar]esofCdoneb,(todefcendC v> the better r^ulation of the Stage: 
Blower) BhrigadeeTSy Major-Gcnends, The intention of whkh is, to prove,' 
l i e menaat' Gencrals, Governors of E- that the immorality and fcandalous lives 
fclaiN^hj Pbrtfincuth, Plymonth, HoU, of the majority of our modem Comedi- 
GifaEa£u-J*oftnialion,andalltheiflands, ans, is the great oblbde to the Stage** 
QlUes, Ibrts, f^c. of lefi confideration f recovering its antient repatation ; and 
Add to all thia the court jprefermenti D that while thofe who moft fhine in oar 
iiijo7«d by the mtkmen ot the amy ; Dramatick perfermances, are known to 
IS Sec re t ary of State, Gentkmen of the be qndouj, they will never be looked' 
bed-diamber, Eqneities, Pages of ho- npon with pleafure by the ttirhious part 
aoBT, and loon. Whereas there are (^ mankind nor be io capable of repre- 
not tfaiee people belonging to the iea- fenting thofe chara£brs which ought to 
favioe who have any <Zher p refen n e nt E appear with moft advantage, as they 
in dK whole admintftiatiop than their will thofe which tend to the dmavity • 
pa& in the navy, or relati]^ to it. I of the audience; and oonfeqoently, that 
«S be^bold to faiy, that one man j^ a man who has been guilty of iuch e-' 

BaemployiBent, by multijjying prmr- normitiesas have beoitound notorioufly 
has an income doable to what criminal in the eye of the law, ought 

the felaries of all the Admirals, join'd P never more to be admitted upon the • 
together, at this time amount to. A Stage, left by' the propriety of his a- 
fino^er that (houki obferve this, wouki £Uon, and tKe melody of Kis voice, he' 
bdieve that it is the army that is the iiM;nitiate himfelf fo far into the fevour 
ftsength and honour of the nation, that otour lefs guarded vouth, as to make' 
it is they who defend our trade and awe them jud^b too lightly of an offence' 
our enemies, and not the fleet. G committed by a man with whom they 

It puts my blood into a ferment to are fo much delighted ; agreeable to 
hear Bk de of a ftanding army eartdrd what was faid by a Nob!e Lord in the ' 
by thepenal tongues of court-avoarites. debate rekting to the regulation of the 
I knoyv no odier ufe diefe land-locufts Stage : ** It may be very difficult to* 
areof to the pwilick, but to opprefs their ** make one who is every day at court, 
qaarters, haiafs the countrv by theirH ** believe that to be a vice or folly 
marches, infolt the Gentry whofe eflates " which he fees daily pra^ifed by thole 

py their fubfiftanoe, awe the boroughs, ** whom he loves and efteems 
nflncoce elections, smd make the people The writer of this paper very j uftly ob- * 
naeafy and di&ficded. Thefe Broom ferves, that Ihould lus proixsi'al be ac- 
Sticks (for fiom their ufe they may crated, the theatre would be deprived 
juiBy be fo flflcd) are fit for nothing of^ fome of its Wgf^S^lk^W!^!^- 

E ^ His 

ji 7%f KingHSpxbch /^rAePAHxrAMBNTt 

His Majefty's moft grackw Spekch 
to both Houfes m Pftrliament^ oa 
Thurfday Oe firit day of Fcbruaxy, 
* ^739- 

My Lords apd Gendemeiiy 
f HnVy ttp09 aZr occafims^ iechrei^ 
\ hovifinfibhi^o^wheen tested 'with 
the matt) bardfinps and injurin fificaned 
h my troMng JmbjeSs in America. 1 
have the bonoitr of my crowfiy and the 
true inierefi ofnnpeefle too ffiuch at hearty 
tofee either oftbemfitffhr any prejudice or 
dimimaiouy iwthmt fwrjmng the mi^ pro- 
per and advantageous methods for their 
reai&cmitf afid prefirmatim, 
. Toe/econfUeratimsabne'werefifJkiefU 
i$ indie me to exert my vtmop power j in 
^vindicating and profeding our undoubted 
rights and privileges of navigation and 
€ommerce ; and nothing could add to my 
^wn xeal in fiju^ a caufi^ hut the due 
regard I ahuavs Save to the petitions and 
eonflaints <f myfuljeSs^ and the advice 
tf npfparUament, The v/ifihm andprw 
dknce of jour refihitknsy t^ this great 
eoid national concern, determined me to he- 
gist nnith the mere moderate meajures^ and 
to try, once more, vthat effeU and influence 
rty friendfy endeavours, and frej/tng in- 
fiances 'would have tfen tU ^ourt of 
Sfain, towards obtaining thai fati^aSi" ^ 
m andfecurity^ ivhich voe vjere intitkdto 
ekmand and expeS i and your aJTurancu 
tofuppertmein all events, enahiedme to 
proceed ivith proper iveight and authority, 
Tbm fuApvtedhy the concurrent advice 
of both Mufei if parliament, t k/t no 
time in making freparatiims to do tnyfelf, 
€Uid my people juflice, if the conduB tfthe 
£fiurt of ojkxm had laid us^under that 
necejftty \ and alt the fame time tdid^ 
in tbeftrongeft manner, repeat my inftan- 
cesfor obtaining fuch juftice and repara- 
tion for the enany injuries and Iffes alrea- 
dy fuftained, and fuch an effeSual Jecuri-^ 
ty for the future, as ndght prevent the 
confiqnenies of an open rupture. 

It is noFw a great fatisf action to, me, 
that I am able to acquaint you, that the, 
meafures I have purjued, have had Jo 
good an cffeft, that a convention is (m- 
eluded, and ratified het'ween me and the 
King of Spain i v: Wrehy, upon coxfi^- 

ration had of the demands m both fiih^ 
that Prince hath obliged him/elf to miekg. 
reparation to my^Mje^sfor their l^es^ 
hy a certain Jiipiuaied payment ; and pie* 
n^entiaries are therein nasned and a^ 
pointed, for regulating, ivithin a limited 
time, all thye grievances and abesfes^ 
'which have hitherto interrupted ear com-* 
Coerce and nsn/igation in the Americeem 
feas ; and for fettling all matters in di- 
fynte, in fitch a manner, as may, for the 
future, prevent, and remove eui ne^u^ 
caufis and pretences of complaint, bp ee 
ftri£t obfervance of our mutual treaties^ 
and ajufl regard to the rights andprrsd* 
leges belonging to each otlxr, I twill or* 
der the convention, and the fepa/tate etr-* 
tides to be laid before you. 

It hath been my principal care, totmeh 
ufi of the coefidence you repofedin erne m 
this critical anddeubtful ceeiyuMBure, nuith 
no other view, but the general atid Uft^ 
ing benefit of my kingdoms ; and ifaUtho, 
ends, which are to be heped for, evem^ 
from fisccefsful arms, can be mtt^isud^ 
vnthiutplungiiur the nation istto a *war^ 
it mug he thought, by all rea/anabk and 
Hs^judiced perfom, the wifi defirMe, 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of CottmoiM^ 
I have ordered the f^^per efiimatis ttr 
h prepared, amd laid before you, fkr the 
firoice ^ the current year, I heartily 
mA/b, Aei the pofhtre of affairs wooald 
have permitted me to retrench fhe pubGck 
expencfs,for mtbich lameibtigedto demand 
the prefint fiifpUes : and Inud^ nodntbi^ 
bet your experienced sual mi etffe^ion 
fir me astd my government^ ated the froper 
concern you have ehoerys fbeton for de 
pueacn gooa, mitM tnessee you to grant net 
fitch ^tptUes^ as yon fii>all fiad neceffarf 
fir the rnmer amtficurity of me ernd my^ 

My Lords and Gentkanen, 
-'L cannot but eameftiy recommend it to 
yoUf nottofuffer asiy prejudices or nnimo . 
fities to have afliare in your deUheratiom: 
at this important confustdureiVohichfiems,' 
in a particular manner, to caH upon yen 
to unite in carrying on fitch wseafures, eu- 
luillbe nr^ conducive to the true interefi' 
and ud'vantage of m^' people^ 

Uigitizecl by VJv_^v_/VL\w ^ 

P^itkd ESSJTS in JANUARY 1739. 33 


fkaidutr^fnvJdv jewel! 


jUpUceKiime crwelf 


^Lidetd itfimahk^ odd is ! 
Wi^ tbeM ! — Jma wbining mahs 

Ad treat mtfaft ttubirance, 
Vmafirth amiher wof PUtry, 
Ad cmrijm with — affitrame* 

Uti iMoemre nmf meet Ji^ace 

AdCibhtr's tittle-tattk. 
^m^dwithfaMff'bpx^eme etnd 

Ad IneMtyfetttf fancies^ [ringf 
GU wmfa^ fimm m^ teupa JhaU 

hmsaidle advances, [firh^ 
Beder, if oB tbefi metbeds fail^ 
' Adhtne mfenx^r tenmnye^ 
fiw^twmdbma mff tail, 

Md-^thhk the dtwh in ye. 

On Mr. J^ltit^rs Marriage. 

H^^ e^'y^c^fefta cohertihus^ 
Mater ferenem Uatula Cupi-^ 
rfttftf^MuR&JEO, cekmhiu 
^^ leves, 'wburemfue currum, 

JBe^ ilk Udefynaferem tua, 
Mw }S decera ndJlums addita 
^i& Eliza, rite parte 
hfMt fueris trep^o^ 

^uuaut J acobi Promina fertility 
^^^ma uari^ turlta fMelkUs^ 
^S^ tbeatralisfuterhi 

Am nitentes k^ jwvenfSy comam 
h^ra rtfexi : Jfreverat integra . 
Cwi^, fed ^egra te requiritj 
^ hernU periturajlammaf 

Aeictdukis ; //, mia ndfilem 
tAdanfanBes twfihefatres 
^H«« ddende, te fetentem 
^ tMrus^ ingemutfue Hfigua; 
^^(HMfiiBwatem "jytere euriaMi 
j ' ^*fdda imbemeUt tittxit, 
'^^V^t^arittrdtkfm. - 

n^ frueedmg Ode imitated.' 

PAtent of peace and fweeteft jay9^ 
Wbere virtue guides and crowns ibn 
Here, Bmen^ lead diat finUxog traiop 
Nor let the Mafe's wifh be vain j ) 

For, now the fair Eliza his. 
Gives MuR.RAY claim to all thy blifi, 
'fhofe idols of the vulgar fiiir, 
Whofe oatiide is their aoly care, 
Who ilutt*rmg haunt the park, the play, . 
And fool an idle life away, 
Cbold never hope her heait to move. 
By nature form'd for nobler love. 
That love he bcft defery'd, who dcawi 
A nation^s wonder and apfJaufe ; 
Who fpealu, and fenates penfive fit, 
Charm*4 with his eloquence and wit ; 
Who in his country's caufe appears. 
And ev'iy heart is warm that hcars-^ 
By merit ib above contcH 
When love invades a virgin Meaft, 
Readbtt nor can, nor ought to sirm i 
Tis virtue, fure, tcrfeeithe charm. 

HoRAci, Ub. I. Ode 26. paraf^iruM. 

LEt not a feet mhd the cares of life, 
hs pmdf mthims, anditsht^nghrifet 
Let caret attend the Mmarcb^s rmjf ef paH^ 
And haunt no more the nmjes calm retreat. 
Since Jhort'^s the J^ce ejfigdd to mortal man; 
Enjoy the -din, nn friend, 'while yet jou casf ', 
Ere deaths tiackfinions werjjrtadtbt Jight; 
Andjhed armmd us everlafting nif^ht. 
To lurks leave toils, and fears, and dread alarms. 
While ghrims Keith ^Vj terrible in arms ; ' 
Leave it to George and^skpolt to regain ' 
Our injured honour, and ourfiips ftdm Spain. 
But come^ ntyfirinid, mod in lif foacefiil ioou'r 
ht JhciaipleajureUtfi the fenialmmr. 
No difoerd here pall ra^ the warm dehate, . 
No knave fiaUtuheedle, and m fool /ball prate. 
Here the g€^ itfi the wanton laugh fittdl bring. 
And wit its honey lend, without the fling. 
Smooth JhaU the geptlt minutes reO along. 
While wine gives mirth, andheQutyfir^s the Jong, 
(Beauty, mjf friendf that warms the icy foul. 
And adds new pleabtres'to fheJkfriUng i^L ) 
Firft of the fear thy H-^ton Jbdiljldite, 
h manners gentle, as of form dMne, 
Poffefrdof'all that grate the fair, the good, 
Frank, no coptette ; and virttoms, tbo^ notrudt : 
^- While pteafing fancy to my viewfuppUes 
An angefs fwtetnefs in a Fhley's jw. ^ 

'34 Poetical ESSAYS in JANUARY 1739- 

Chan£it^a loMrel^ biicoy maid 

Ihr arms MkMfy lend y 
nine, turned int9 a birchen tree 

De Urbe U Ponte LondixKnfi. 

CUm Lmdinenfem Neptunus wderat ttrhem^ 
h namejm^fiimm^ 'veSius, adufque^/aki 
Cum fitperim^fihm torremi influndne fontem 

Videtaty Cf rapido ponere jura freto ; 
Cumtantasmoksy ferrundnay caftray M arcusp 

^uosfofuU ingentis M^ urget onus ; 
JLec pater uadarum Jpedamsy fiuQufpu finom, 

Cmfimdiy inkkmeros ^ variare gyros : 
Troja, nfab ! fedes h^c fit Neptustiay dixify 

^m^p fimul i^ terriSy bf dminatwr afuis. 

Horace, Book 2. Ode 14. imitated. 

HOw/wifty alas! the roiling years 
Hafte to devour their deftifdprey ! 
A moth each ivinged minute bears 
WbickfiiP in vain theftatimurs 
From \ie dead authors /weep aweefy 
Jnd tro^s of canker-worms, vuitb fecret pride, 
Thvugb gOf vermilion leaves, and gilded covers, 

Great B — *-^t fiouldtby critick vein 
Each d/^fi^lf the teeming prefsi . 
Of in A Jhouidft thou vjhole rivers drain, • 
'&t one oSavo jhall remain 
Tojbev) thy learning andaddrefs : 
Oblivion drags tbem to her fiknt cell. 
Where great King Arthur and his Nob h dwell, 

Antbors of ev^ry fixe and namcy • 
Kn^btSy *Jquires, and doctors of all colours. 
From the purjitit of laftis^ fasne • 
Retiring, there a manfion claim i 
Dear Sick f focb is the fate offcbolars ! 
And will you, with dehfive hope mi/led. 
For vaiioiu readings toil which never will be 
read ? 

< With fihver clafpi, and comer^late, 
Tou fortify the faw^ rite bool^ : 
Fear not from worms nor time thy fate. 
More cruel foes thy vjorks await ', 
7be butler y with tb^ impatient cook, 
Andpafiry nymphs vntb trunk-mabers combiney 
7o eafe the groning fbehes, and Jpnl the fair 

On the Poet L—t, and hb Odes. 

APoUoy firfi of Laureatsy vjo^dy 
Andvitth love-odes andfongs purfi/^d 
In Daphne puhlick fame. 
Keeping in chace tbejfyint^ fair ; 
^nkott, C—bb^r, now dojiy year by year, 
Hisfitccefor, tbefatne. 


Alike Jbreads all her homghsfhrfhti 

Bttt Uisfor father end. 
To a wane Ladv, weepii^ 1 
her Sifter^ wedding. 

CEafe, fear Anrelia, eusfit i 
Lament Mf Hamiah*/ happy ftaU 
Tm may be happy inyoear tarn, 
, emdfeixe the treafiare you regrei 
With love united Hjmeen fteends, 

Andfipif whifpers toymer chanm 

** Meet but your lover in mf bandi 

'< rou'HJkdyourfifierinhisarms: 

' SuspiaiuM. 

OHf my heart 1 my nnmeitdt^ 
Can I longer bear the fimart ? 
Will thefatr-oneftill he coy f 
Still refufe tb* extatickjoy f 
Gods ! tropitious be tncSn'd, 
Make per hliant, make her kind. 
^BaUlfUantf faid I kind? 
Roufe ambition to mm aid ; 
Man for nobler ends was made^ 
In the fen ate, at the bar. 
Or in gbriotts fields rf tvar. 

But can thefe my mind engage f 
Vain^s the thought canceiv^dinrage I 
Ah ! ambition faUs a prize, 
BafiPdbythe dear one*s eyes : 
Bacchus, with his midnight crew. 
Mirth and mufick may furfue, 
Blytheandgen the night 'prolong ; 
— Sh^s the burden tf myfong, 
Her forget I endeavour vain f 
Feafon, nfer atten^ again ; 
Lovemuftever rule the roaft, 
AttdMrKA be my conftant toafi^ 
The firft and laft Stan2a*s of Mr. 

Popc*s Universal Pravee. 
"V^Ather of aill inev^tyage, 
J/ In ev'ry cUme adored. 
By faint, byfavage, andhfegt^ 

jehovahy Jove, ^Lord! 
^othee, whofi temple is aU^aeei 

Whofe altar, earth, faa, fi^^ 
One chorus let all being raifefi 

All naturfi incenfe rife I 

Digitized by VJV_^V_^V iv^ 



as a proof of the nomerous evils atttoding 
gin, nimibeniipfcvepeof&whodiedofit. 

hfcrihidt9ibe Ri. Hm. MIJISt^^, SijUr H 
th iate hL^er if G — -%. 

PMkai ESSArS in JANUARY 173^ 

IV Fffft ?S ALM imitated, 

WuJL^Mc^UuBoHi ^ *** 4^««i*i fifteen tiin«i /*«• Gi«, 
Wlmm iU numb Jtligit.' 


MdesitHsJbtdfM^Jkamddaf. ^T^HOU beauteous Moiirnerf partner of 

n. JL my wM, 

Ui/ht/mr tne a hrmk kfiie, Sttibend thy Grief, bid Sorro^r (Sesaie to flowi 

dun the krad tempeft that di;^ Soul aLuHu, 
And (Uiils with douds the luftre of thy thanns^ 
And pays Che tribute it u> jofthf oivte : 
Nboofiunoh^rief provokes the f£kvt-Utr*d figh, 
Nor flows feignM ibnow from a tuIw eye. 
THou.know'il the friendly Voioe«—deJ 
parted ^Atfi^, 
That piaisM thee living, and Aow mont«i tkee 

Withthee;alas? my tender yean were traipjdi 
With th^, wdt fkasM, I vi^xy toil M^irCd ; 
With diee iby yoiufc in«fily ffieiifl(k>pioin*d^ 
Copy*d the virtues of thy opening {ft iod* 
But ah f Can Friendftup*s lean ' ap^fe the 

ReientMs Dtach can Prfeodfliip'^ teals o*er- 

Far froni thy Coantvy and (hy Prilods remov'd^ 
From all wAolov*d ytM^ and fromalj jroa bvM,- 
A fbieign tomb contains Ay iiiimld'nngfiramf« 
_ , Andfoft^ Charaaerihcprets thy name: 
'^MfimthiwMBiitigp-mgii By ibaiyen thy laft obfequi^ were paid f 

ntd^numrktimnmin^, ^ fbai^ert in Ch6 tete flijr C6rie was lakL 
^^llf^MdroFivtUiQWirruimr^ Wasther6n6'Friena, nowcevSiffiFutntnigh* 
^^mtntA»<wickedefUbng0rdt ToftrMKChy litol^ and dole thy fadii^^/ 
Pmrfia imdfurcha/i fain. To feothe the pangs of agoniziis death, 

Maifc the kft wcml; and catch ibe pMmg 

Yetiomid thy tomb tbechoiccft fiow'n ihall 

- IU. 

», ^hiMJMfikiondiu fmgiti 

The dawnii^ Mom (hall (hed her orient (ear« 

^te Gomner's giving an ac^ And Night m gentle ihow*rs bedew thy bier 1 

<^ ot ieventy five.perfons Light on thv bofimi Ihall the matUe he^ 

^ Wing died under confinement And round thy tomb the weepingZephynfigh: 

^[f^^iiing fpirituous liquors ; A Sifter's fonow (hall embsum thy name^ 

^dUbd to the author of a very And friendihip thro' the world idound thy 
V^m&,fa3kA^SfirihimuU- $UQf; 

Wia/iwaitrtMmri/b as fJbef glide^ 
4»dkttf it ever gruH % 

iFhuhUpfim cever flf mjfrii^^ 

WhkhoMiMmi^sgUdem hemurs bringi 
Z$fmffthis mOM be feeu, 

hOUf m v/Aem be fuH his in^i 

hwmituever jst^i 

Mvnukis figtteoHs JeroHmt give 

WhimmtbiM peace iusdjeftemfi, 

)sthefbjiii IbefimerU fatej 
Wkft tbeegbts to error tendi 

9Si«M» inrntfies kevfs create, 
^^ t^iery nvimi can beofi. 

* fMif(, Itili, ytt m'tr (utctt4f\ 
lljmHHtnAtB, ktJMd 
DUiifdUi timffiefin tt* 'wiad. 


The Rofe ihaU flonriOl. umI tke Violet glow I 

vour newunocriakiogy and tbe 
0/ oblige^ . 

S6 Poetical ESSArS in JANUARY 1739. 

The Grave ihall triumph o*cr thy duft— in wife, you'll probably infert It 

vain ; 
Thouftifllhaklivey — thybettcrcaitBemain: 
Thy Name the Mufe ihaU fiom oUiTJonfkvey 
Deiqpoil the fStpuichrey and rob the grave ; 
The Mufe IhaU hiU ddfAir, .foTpeiid die fmait, 
And foothe the pang that wounds a Sifter's 

Go» IJiunriels SBdde\ thy nadve 'fkie^explore^ 
Where death and pain Audi never reach thee 

( more » 
Where Guardian-angels dap their founding 

Jan, 6. 

7 our hearty ijotU-'wiJB 

And Heav'nseTadcboirfubUnier numbers fines: 
There a fond £otibefs Ghoft expels thy Shade» 
And hails thee to the irianfions of the dead. 
Ye kii^dred-foulsy &ir vi£Ums to the tomb, 
LdH to your parents in your earlieft bloom. 
There by dread Heaven's tremendous King 

Love in thole regions — as on eartlvyou Wd \ 
Cease then» FairNYMFH^ let tears no 

loneer flow. 
Nor taipt their. pleafure with a Si/lei:'s woe; 
^avoUrM of Heav'n, of Fate thou darlii^ care. 
Thou only Hop^, and fole furviving I^ir, 
Thou (halt a fmking Family retrieve, 
j^nd both thy Brothers fliafl in thee furvive{ 
jh thee a Parent find his la!! relief. 
And, chear'd bythee, a Friend forget his grief; 
On thee fhall Fteav*n the choicefl bo\^ities fhed. 
And dart^its influence on thv radiant head 5 
Joys in proportion to thy charms prepare. 
And make you happy, as it made you ^r. 
Awake? thou beauteous Maid! thy tears 

And the loua tempeft in thy bofom quell ; 
Sdpend thy Grief — bid Sorrow ceafe to flow, 
And let thy Beauty glad the Houfe of Woe. 

. Ttiheaid/jarrfibt Scots Maqazine. . 

THE ihefi^faJe mver of the Scots ma- 
fick is now lo univerfidly confeffed 
throofiii England, that ii is not at all ftrange 
Co find frequent attempts to have fongs fuired 
19 the melting ibftheis or traii^xuting levity 

of the moft lavDurite Scots airs. ^Thc 

following was written on a Gentleman's lea- 
ring his Miftrefs in much refeatment and dif- 
dtinof the iaitfex, and immediately meetine. 
with another Ladv who gave hira jncne anguim 
tkaa he had before Iwyn, I thought the, 
inui^ natural i and ifyott(hink than fi>lik&r 

Tuju^ logaiHWater. 

^ ^ht fir refkf^e on the pinm 
life ireetyfamfdhy the tjuanion gtt 
With hmefkl nvbi^s fioib^J i 

Frm Cnfii*ffonu^r ai wet Ijk^ 
To hue*s loft twice I hid oMeu } 
He nymfhspafid by. fkefi umim/^i 
Nor /aw a fltabe or face I JbvV. 

Bnt^abt ben» nueak h rta^h «a 
ff^hen hvepointjOHftheiillin^madd 
Sallynda 9/r /^ flain afpear*l 
IfeTi the pangs 'which mfi lfiar\ 

At her affroach my Uoodrmn r0f4 
A tneking horror cai^hi m^ foiff\ 
her angehfiep feix^d on my eyes. 
Mj^ thonghts 'were h/t in dread fke 


In oMration bng I gas^d. 
At ail her radiant charms amaaCd 
H& cnvfii! mein! majtjiick grace 
Bat lAfords mnfl not attempt her face 

Thetwarhiifrg Hnntt. gent if eag^d. 
With thonghts tf hard reftraint en 

FUes to the fieids to feek reiiefi 
But there is fare to find his death, 

Ah! iruei^Fair! iet fdty reign. 
Nor more appear tfon the piain! 
^ thonfands if your looks yon kiH 
Ton fbekid in mercy thonfands henii 


Oh! thatmypkdniyonrhreallmjjk 

move. • 1 

For fmle orfrmsm, IfiiUumfi Mrf 
Mne jpoi^ttnte'iemin. ipeneatneve ^ntlm 
Salutes the h^d that take: his m 

P9fitical ESSAYS in JANUARY 1739. 37 

Jk OJ)B * W — pM P-t-^y, EJfi 
T% Ejsott £om Liberty ^nd Truth* 

Woftisfm Reverential Awe, 
I boft-'d to Priefb aixl Kings. 

faiJtaibiidawit'4 with troubled figM 
{oHiMtte^iayfe of jaunfid li^t. 

Too wak it Aonc ta mark oiy^wa^ ; 
Eng^tom^myfteptoftiay ^ 
Abf die dnkkHtt ihade. 

Xe^IroamM, when from afir^ 
UHooKijL fhixiess the friendly Sax 

Sends forth a Heady ray: 
Thnscheai^d, and eager to puribc, 
ISKnat, tin, i^orious to my view, 

Locke fpi:cads the realms rfday. 

ipuCttichaOtlicF^Mmt'tngti ' 

Now wnpc in Plato's &am^ 
wttMotian^MA tmiiGTON around, 
itnA hu f f0odom*s mams, gnmnd, 

Andtrxse the &tt'nngfcheme. 

frit fcm the beauteous vlfiqn flics, 
Aai ^deoQs fpcares now arife, 

Gornmtion^s direful bane ;. . 
Ijcmnial Judge perverting Laws, 
*«njcfc toriakijTg Virtue's iaufe, 

Aad Senates flaves to Gain. 

Wodi Kv to hear^n a mortal pie 

^ fb^ie naiorta] plaa; 
Ktb a fare, dio' varying date. 
^»il,alas!.i5ev'i/i&, ' 


**itha(hrfffc feroe undauntrd rifc. 

To break th ■ eternal doom ? 
^Ci^blcd, tho^rirAfpokc, 
^» ^ntfiM dealt the gafiikeftrokp, " 


Jj^femc fiitine tviantU pride, 
) ^^^LiURY poon torn goldni tide 
(M G4iSiM>8 fmiling floras: 
?^^ her fi^ds ih^ thkft m vam 
fffiMibme ftveams of honeft gain. 

Yet doriotts is the gteat defign. 
And luch, O P-t-y ! fuch is thine. 

To nop a nation^s frame : 
If cruihM beneath the faoed weight. 
The ruins of > ^ing ftate 

Shall tell the Pacriot*s name. 

ODEfcr the New Yw, by.C. CiUir^ 
.Ef^l PoetJUuieat. 


TJ Efu^intGod! with radiam fimJes^ 
I\^ Serene^ awake the infant year s 
Ti frmife ikH the i^yesg of IJks 
ohall agey hence he fiUt thy care, 


JJer nvhiter cliffs nvhile fias fiaH hiat^ 
Of AUnQ»\ ha^efs cmfkat 
. Tojhorej ofivmirin^ iv^Ui aroundf 
Of mifhty reahu remote foffe/lf ' 

Deptick Princes hence^aH fie, ^ 
To make the Monarch great amf Uefi^ . 
:fhe'haf^ ftthjea muft he fm.. 

Ri c I T. 
Cou'dhtmndMpoidir, She Mimfs King^ 

OnfuhM nve^efijc the «iW» 
What pkhlick jealoufi cm^d Jfrsng. 

Or wi^h^hgcdkkipffwerconfi^df 

Serenelf glorimu Qmrge bisfwen • 

Conciliates to hit crawM mur ^eiffij ^ » 
Andewrylanv ib^e hearts ahejf, 

Promrfiein'dh^ti^t imfarts. ^ 

To feu their *wa9ts, and ask reliefs 

Is ail the haffy jMeSts care i 
To grant the lavjM that heat the mef^ • 

Is more thaa Ki^gs dej^ick sUre. 

& B c I T. 

%, mjftick Jasms^ vsb^ ^ptetm eye^ 

The^ record (f fate fitrveys i 
Thorn haft feen, the oUeJIeeidres s^ 

Jfidistfemt nuan wewiitigskms raijet 
In all thy^vokmesfma the ^sml^s age^ 

Where haffyftatesare marled at large^ 

Qttirfi thoutrodstce a fairer finsnng fage^ 

. Tpants/UtrefOffoisthirfigwofGeorgeli 

George the fcetire gentfy fwer^g^ 
' Makes ms hews the lamtj deUght | " 
Chemrfid fidfjeas laws aheying^ 

f « 


^8 A Litter nlating to 

MtihuJ hkjfings tims emieargf^. 

Reach the height of human jof ; 
Qeorfre prttt^uur^ *we revfering, 

frhat COM AUnmCs mikalaano^T 
Htr 'whiter cliffs nvhiJe fecu jhaU heai^ 

The jurge repettJl JbaUroUthefmid 
Of Mien's hap^nefs cempkeii 

Te Jharis cf 'womtrisig *wkrUs aresutd. 
Of mighty realms remote /j^» 

De^ick Princes hence fkall fie^ 
7e make the Muiarch great and hi/f, 

The hafly futjed mfi be free. 


AS an inftanoe of the fuocefs I wiih 
. yotir much wanted defign, I have 
lent you fhls little compofitioni which, 
as it has been adntifed by the' few wh6 
h^Ve yet feen it^ ma^ not be difagree- . 
able to your Itoders. 

lamg kc* 



SOU 6. 

fnnt', Polwaith on the Grceiiv 
H \ T^ i^ouif* t^r ahm 
VV ^^tt^i ihehmr^ eye; 
Tho^ ne'er Jo tend his fUuntive moanf 

Tho' ne^er fi de^ ks fyrb, 
^Tts ten to one bat from Us pain 

He iuickfy finds reSift ^ 
The nfxt he meets ifon thefJkin 

Snt he nvi» has ihi ^harHs 

Of dear MEvtrttiA fitti 
Jt once her inefy faco alarms. 

Her #v*rv accent meits : 
In intin reieajement from his cart 

Bf other i^nfhs ii triisi 
Wilmeet a tmmfimd nvho are fair^ 

Btfon with one thatU imfo! 

fithtanthor of fhe Scots MagaziAb. 

JLJL gine what indnoed you to chuft 
iiicier»€oa»%oiidenCi whoyouawft 

tbiStkoi^ &c. 
know never wrote moie than £x or eMi 
lines at a time in my lift i my oa 
iions for ink and paper fddom exceed 
ing the length dl-^^^ Madam, yaon 
J^i'tg AiaSrer, Jdnrer, dr Slave (ac 
oohding to the age of the Lady addrefe^d 
hvili gdiSi his eyes oat to-nigU from tJk 
JUt-hox in Dritfy^Lanei or at tie Oper^^ 

^That h wdl iemtfmber*d, — thu 

kA of thknviihing Italians is tbe moi 
nuyvii^ttbfeaiamklftamUeon. Re 
formation has long bten cncd for b] 
my fhmt and gmoanmcher/ thoogk J 
cannot fuftoofe them to have infineiKrc 
an evcnt.of fuch moment i bnt, how- 
ever it was acoompliflied, 'ds oertaii 
that Heidmer was i^ced to the ne^ 
ceffity of acTOtifing the Opeia fubicH- 
pcions in the lAttltiy news-paoen, aad 
that fatal j)rmge was folidwed by a no- 
tke of thfe fide of fli^ fotnitnte of thi 
enchanting Sieoora Sti^. — Becaufi 
this aifexp6M ffigM of the Italiana ii 
imicwhat dificnb to aoeount for, thai 
10^ Harry Gary infifts^ that they wcR 
driven fimm amoM OS t^ the iwittff oi 
the Dreqron of frantkyi and, on ml 
piefumption, has gt^'an us a feoond patt^ 
which ne adls margepy, or A «mv^ 
l^tigtu than thf Dragon i which Knl 
oeni vety codly received, a^ is the cotf: 
ftant fote of Mrv £4^ ^^i£ of all kinds: 
and his boafled Lanfe was fko foontir 
l^hteda foMid tiine/ but out itwthff. 
—And wkit b woHt df att for fliis fa- 
cetious writer, he has/ by this kft nt^ 
ten^N, forfeited th^ good-^wfll of all tlM 
mairied iMdksf which he gukied bv hii 
Hmeft Tori/tire-Afan r for/ by calling 
More (^Movdhalf s^poufe n^tuor/kjbkgm 
than /i^i^v^, hehas banifoMaUhope 
of her being a aM/Srf«r, /ri«ii/ and/^ 
ficidit. * 

You haii^ doubtU T6n{; ago \dSxA 
of the hoftilifies befv^een ui and th| 
French at theLifdeTheaere MdieHa] 
mailcet: Which had like tor have bee 
followed by a more j^toeral engigi 
ment in one of our (Sieat Theatrel 
for Meff. Fnnci£]oeandLe Sags, m 
ni^iers of th6 French company, havii 
iii an advcitiiement (begging leave 
aft three nights in oneofthepatq 
tb^MPcs) afiuA'dithaijnFcbroNyfa 

Digitized by VJ v_/v,7 v iv. •" 

I A Letter rehuing U 

\ ikffAttkfi lesve to brbig orer a 
FiodiooBpuixtoperiQnR in the Hayr 
Mikee; time of thip loogh am who 
tam^ddleir backs Ga the French fiafCt 
wlKntk curtain dre^opy withatlpud 
cfaom of the OiV Eiig^ fyaJf^Bftf, 
Ui0Hv4inc enough to demand pf toe 
&id ficadiiiien, ^pcfPnonA to any indulr 
noe foo^ thp publkk. Who g^^ntsd 
tteka^ they mentioaed} Wl^ch quer 
fioD sever bem^ anfwened, the town 
jaioed in a ncgauvp to ^ij* iteoaeft ; 
aidrqiafberaf (^^ovent-guden tantre 
aincd tl^ putilick, that the liberty gJF 
hish)Qie waa gpantied only on comlitfon 
cf a«aeral anprobation ; and ihat he 
nvda (boner lee the. Fzeneh gp with- 
oot thejr ])diefitt, t|um Jiaye his hode 
MCx^wbole fiKxeeding^iBafpii. 

nntgmineenlCTtaininipits jpkafe u 
pack a^ ever I aad.the art ofcriticilai 

IB tliofe pfrfiMiiiaiices inacaib beyond 
Uicf j nothins; beii^ more iieqacnt 
M^ than, inSea4 $ Riv^l Umltts^ 
C^fin and datu^ to hear of ffMSemdr 
Pf HsrUf^- Columkntf and Pitnts ; 
iM]fin woi^ be ioxpri^ to l)ear with 
wiat jodgnait ibm^ of pur finam will 
^ebatgnthefliakf of ahpd, \iaaid, 
«fixi(.-.^y, £;> £ur has this tafte 
pcniled, that Shakefpear^s (elf has 
beea made to comply with it in the very 
nod thing of thtt kind, called Mm 

a'iUmi andlmuftovrntlyit^wsu 
^*d at the iiame on fud^ an occa- 
in» as it feemed a violence to nature 
joododo^ any (haxa^l^ in whic)i (he 
^vi(it)k^ong with Harlaquina Colum? 

TheaikptingPantomines to children, 
<B|fe the nanie of lilUputians, has met 
wtth more aporobation than I at (si 
wred jt wQtud have been thoi^t to 
j^.— To fee a little ^ilow, ji# 
'"^'d, take ppon him the a^s of his 
n», ker,' kifs, an^ oglf at a littk 
nipBt,who CQ^ttes and intrigues with 
n BUKk (cepmg delight as couki (>e 
appofed to animate her mother on th^ 
™b ooafum;-— to fee a young rogue 
'^ the theory pf cu^koUlpB^ be^ 
™pAacr, and a g^l the art <^ jilting 
HmfhehastoiKhMher (ampler — gives 
mi^ of (jhf ;adjr i^j^Koyeoa^ 

tbeSTAO^^ &?r, 39 

vottth, as muft greatly redound to th^ 
nonour of tiy Gentlemen who have oc- 
cafion'd it» 

The late Mourning kept us fo long In 
a livery, that oi)r paiTion for embroi- 
dery, lace, £5V. runs fo high as to piake 
our new doaths, infiead ol an ornament, 
prav? a burden to our (hpuklers. — Mu- 
flin was becpmine fk(hionable I but the 
encouragenuent w to the Iri(h manu- 
fadures m holland, cambrick,lawn,i^V, 
has almoft ahcady ftem'd the torrent. 

Before I condude, I would proteft a- 
pinft all manner of carving at my bad 
£i«U(h, want of method ; but my wrill 
is (o cramped that I am fca^cely able to 
fell you how niuch I am 


Tfow bwnbu JiT'voKty 


Edinburgh, January 1739. 

THE Dixeaon of the Royal In. 
firmary eledted the Lord Provoft 
of Edinburgh, the Lord Prefix 
dent of the Seflion, the Lords Minto and 
Elchies, the Lord Advocate, Mr. James 
Graham YeT '^''^^>' amd Mr. Pete^ 
Wedderbum Advocates, Conuni(rioner 
Georae Dnunmond, Dr. Robert Lowia 
Preikknt of the College of I^yfidans, 
John Perk, To)in Lenoonth, Andrew 
Plummer. and Charles AUlon, Do6lori 
of Phyfick, Alexander Monro Prpfeflbr 
of Anatomv, Thomas Heriot late Dean 
of Gild, Mr. Patrick Cuming Minifier, 
Ronald Dunt>ar Writer to the Signet, 
William Mitchel Sur^^on, Deacoa<oni 
yeener, George Cumngham and V/il-; 
liam Wardrop Sur^eqnst as Dire6loR| 
^r tha year emgiAg* 

Publick cprpprationss as well as pri^ 
yate perfons of all ranks, fcem to vie 
with pne another who (haU encouragq 
this un4?rtaking moft. The capital 
ftock is confiderably increafed, Tho 
0)ntnbuters vyere ereded intp a corpo-> 
ration, with perpetual fuccc($oii, by 
his Ma}efty*s royal chapter, ^ted 25tl\ 
Attgu(l 1746, by the name pf Ths 
Royal Infib^mary of Edin- 
B V ac H. — By this dw^,^ ^^^"^ 

^itizeci by vj v^fv,; v \SXf^SiT§ 


ttary b pot under the care of twencf - At a general Ixisdverfai^.iiiMii^^ M 

Bireftow, *««. the Ixwd Pwvoft of B- 
dinbuTgh for the time i and, in his ail* 
4encc, thcDcanof GiWi thePwfidcnt 
of the royal college of Pfeyficians for the 
time, and> in his abfence, the Vke-pre* 
fidcnt ; the Deaoon-convecner of tlie 
Trades of Edinbui^h for the tilne j four 
out of the royal college of PhyficiaiM^ 
vrhereof two of the Profeflbrs of Medi- 
cine in the univcrfity, when there are 
fuchattherimci the Profeflbr of Ana«' 
tomyj if there be fach at the time j and 
two of the corporatioii of Sarpow, or 
three of the faid corporation When there 
is no Profeiibr of Anatomy i one of the 
Senators of the coUegc of Jaftioe>i^XMie 
of thefacult>'of AdTOcatesj one of the 
fociety of Clerks to the Signet i one of 
MiBiftcn of thccity of Edinburgh, and 
fix o Aefs out of the number otcontri* 
bttters to the- Lifirmary» a n d e r thecen* 
' troul of tjie^corporatioii. — They have 
bcgim to;biiild a huge houfe, accord- 
ing to a plan pnbliih^, 206 foot feng 
feom eaft to wdft, froriting ftortly c^ 
two wings extendtr^ norths 70 footfong 
€acii from the body, 4 lloreys hig)j, eacfi 
1 1 foot from floor to floor> tj foot 
hroad wkkin the walls, but 54 foot in 
Ihc center^ wiidris to be 36 foot withih 
the wdl^ for a convenient operatfon- 
rdbrn, wbelt^, -fiom 2 to 300 ftodents 
kni appMtitkes may conveniently fee 
iifly opfemtion pffffermed, without di- 
llurbing thofe w>o pcrforti it. — The 
Whole college of Phyficians and cor* 
fxxration of Sofgeons IwVe enpa^^ed t^ 
Attend the patients, and to give theit 
advice and medicines ^/j/r/. — All fto- 
dents (for a yery fitiall hormriry to be 
iippHed toward^' tJie e«5ence of the 
hpufe) .^ill be admitted not only td 
attend the- Phyficians abd Surgeon* in 
their rifxts, to fee their prefcription^' 
to e^^cerpt from a Mt regifter (which kept in thehoofe) of every pa- 
tient's cafe and cure, all the cafos they 
think worth their notice i hat alfo wiU 
have all the adrafttage Of a rej^olai' 
education by the collets in all the dif- 
ferent braftchci of phvfiA. RitkntSi 
from all places are ^ oe rtteirad) cx« 
cept iocttnUeB* 

tke fOGiety for preplg^ting Ciamimii 
knowledge, die Mbfl Hon. the Mar- 
oois <4 Lotkkin was «ttni«iottitv w^^ 
eleaed Picfident, Mr. WM»ain Grafts 
Secretanr, James Davidfofv Tiealbf«*r 
James Nimmo Conipcraller^ David 
Spence AccOmptant,NieolSpertce Q^<4i 
And, asacommitleeof Direllbn^ Ooitff 
miiKofier George Drummond, Mr. 9^ 
trick Hddone, Mr. WIHhniv^all,']!^ 
Hope, William Hog, Dr. John RiddM; 
Al^uiderNisbet> Geoi^CiBiin^m 
James Rifflie^ MeC Jaaies and Joiul 
Walkers and John Hefftiar&j^Ad Jamil 
Donaldfod jvmior. 

~ Thb fodety was ereaed-kieo a GOi^ 
portftfon by leMen patent lA ^ 1^^ 
and maintain 115 fohoofei at wfaid: 
tkn« are About 4000 fcliobft, faeMtf 
vail mnrfbers who hove bem teemed tl 
read, and are iiow employed i# bi£iieA 
They have font four Miffloallries «0 Ar 
ilieirica. ) • * 

: TheedSpfooftheMiJOn, the t^A 
at night> began aboat t&ffim, after ^ 
ssd ended aboot i6inin. after 12$ ap< 
parent time. There was me^- tiunfr-^ 
tigitsedipfod^ FrOA inbe la foemejifi 
morrang, wind W. S. W. we had eH 
inoft violent httrricaDie (with ligh^nirigfj 
etc^* fojt heity bywhHditheftpeeisMM 
kses of this dty ite«e tdvered n^m 
bkfge fknie^ tiles, dates, Agh-|X)ft9, iomi 
rnMilh. The caftte fofforM ektmai^\ 
Mge fkfhtit were ctrrwd' to fome cA* 
fb»eer the kftds retted up or btotwi 
over the walls^ moft of tiiereofieltl^ 
difcihoy^d or moch daittifd, partial 
iac^y the dmpd, arfoni^, aiM ritegazto^ 
II fiat of Eni^ Kinlbdi's^ Koofe' wii^ 
beat down, aifd ^e WtSh ef the $M^l 
Hiafter^ houfo ftattefd/ bat h^^Mf 
killed, oiily oiie 8(Mer aad the Stote' 
mafter^s fe^ were wonnded. < Tlie eth* 
fries were obtigM to ft^ to dieMKrA^ 
houfo. — The leads that covered ^m 
ftateiy bnidings iit nie * PIvHaiiieiit cttim 
Werecarried oi* thereof | 60^ tiait 4»F i^ 
1200 wt. vras bom up abbot «df»^ 
Hate in Che sIti and drriai tathe ttidAj 
of the area; and tJie reft ^own irtti 

Digitized by XJ MO V IV. GUfS*! 

OktimmBA lAlM If it; the 
leads of the Troi^dRncb f^Bite $p«tft 
nftdiB} tefPStlMr-cock Ma ^i^ of 
UtfAi dtapel fireie carried swm 
tfe GnoMBto^iiuitlkr was Audi A^ 
jif^i Mdits ftrir poilto levelled witk 
tkBoaeii.-^71ie ehiaraevef e houfe 
ifmk'9wviMliUtuig<fewn^ lM>ke 
lie jeafmdaie next Hoori %ywhkii 
Mr. Maahny^s ddU and maid fell one 
Im7, udwnenradilHHt. — A maid 
ifSrTlMteff Gondofi^ in Lawit-mar- 
ha, leaving tiie henfe In d«4pair, and 
$mjmg2ffaiMAd of that gentk- 
bmV^ down and brolee tfaecfaikfs 
fka^Aimr^A num was Aretv erofli^d 
i^te fiulof a Rone nom ahotne.-**^ 
AltigKheufe at the talc of the Oa« 
iaiifrj btlon^n^ to Mrs. fiyiCs, waa 
UMindi the gteind, and the tile» 
Mit ^Iwni off the new plaf -teoie. — 
*4a dnt goienl pankk, we wete a'- 
■nidB^t)iene''d7tim9 taCtitiatmjpnB 
hat moA mart mthmdhAy m the 
flc^pwamoea. i mt mperaonc^ro? cne 
wMfateefd the files m feme chim" 
fe^rndfet^thehoofesinAiiMes: fu- 
iMr Mr. Bryfon^s Brewer at Sum^ 
Midf, ivMi-iedae'^it to alhes, widr 
diove 200 bolls of grain, {jfr. and 
ttte W hoa&s at a oonfiderable <U- 
BWe. Tb6 wind iOdftaf^ the ihunes; 
j^6ie fire-en^nes coidd not be ufcd. 
vhe ThcMnas Mackle, a Joiner, who 
tRt tk alarm to t!ie binily, was riri- 
KOtfylcorchcd. — Another broke oat 
^xwi^ada^ betwi^ this citv and New- 
llavtn, ffl the houfe of Mrs. Angus, 
Hic&Jbon lediited it to afhes, with 
fewnncbof cohi, feTr .— Alfo at Colt- 
Wg^j^at Gteen-end in the pirlfh 
jfIJ)erWij--etTAveikfeithing m the 
iBh of Flfi^ and at Clacki^nan; 
vbdidid liiirpeakabk damage to many 
«fthc wor inhabitants oftfefc places. 
~«TO)ew 6f Oemlefflcft, Farmers, 
2^«pttikfaftief9. Maiiyoftheif 
Maattblowndown ; -tiieir corns Car- 
y^ attay and iptoteifeuoidlir feattered' 
A ^ Mb and roads, or blown into' 
JJ^? twtt torn «p by the roots; 
*";T»ple killed by the Ming in of 
•««» and k Heat many eattle.— The 

CCVRREir^ES. 4» 

iMtBLym CwWy tBe^ttftMe- or SiiraHg 
and Ctaddmmmm, the heofesof Hope* 
ton, Ak», Enodc, and Onaigmifler, 
th^ i^Mtos lAmg te «eaft,' aad th« 
]e*(l«dl! at Leith» are fe«ehdameg*d| 


Chofdkof RAeiifii aie UMhi do«(m.-^ 
At Dtoinll and Pkeltoidnll dielHwb 
plmii^wa»t6iii u^^— dtYeflerabotft 
tooo fiill^;rown trees, — at ^ Lord 
EiibiHm*s fear^oo,*— ^EumMIHoli jU)^» 
'--and at Brnoek 8 large €it, t6 loot 
foandeaeh, ftnfefinl tne nune rate. 
• WehatetheUfceaoeodntsfeomGhr' 
gow, andfeveMfphoesin thdeeontry. 
' WehavethefolbwingadriiesoftlHS 
damage done the ftiipplng in feferal 
|a)rts or this kngdem. 

Ftom Greenock, 'iiiat Ae S|. An* 
drew, John Brown, aad Anioa, Jamea 
Gregory, wHe driven op betMdxt At* 
doch and 0Dfflibail)6n, fix mJlea ntnli 
^irt-Gkfgow, ibh%h that«loiig-boKt 
cannot oome to them at nMi waicri 
and thought eo he ineooverable.' MaUy^ 
C6liA Dmdop, driven op to* fbll fea-*' 
aiaik, in the bay dt N^-pott, and 
lying Qprig^l; i little damimi. Mkv; 
Alexander Sthfrng, at the ftlfi fea^ttarfr, 
en her bioadlide. Nelly, JMm StAaer^ 
veil, ift the feme oondition. lisie/ 
Andrew OaMrford, overfet at thr ba^ 
of Newai4t<aiUe. aiftnm^ WilBatif 
]>mdm, pntaflme at dkeGarrd-poInt; 
a Utile be-ekil Chtwfbrd^s dike, her bot-T 
Com out. Agnes, WlliamBryfoiiyUpoif 
fhe R%9, Hj^ht, and damaged. TM 
Bhrk of George Orr ^t InVetkip jpot* 
dihore zt Garyel*9 hgufe, c^iill end Of 
Crawford's dflcse; her bottom out.' 
FVinoeisMkry, Alexander Qilhpbell. 
^t aihore at eaft c!hd of Chnmnfa 
dike ; ibnding opriffht, but her upper 
work* chufhcd to pfeces. ' T*iro barka 
in die feme place, flandhie upright, 
blit touch dakiagcd, T^e-MapprU- 
nion, put afhore tt Mrs, Weir's ooor, 
and beat down a «>od deal of her houfe.' 
Anrie Gidley, Hogh Crawferd Mafler,' 
alter cutting her mafb, and fjpringinj^ 
a kak in.Lam)a(h road, drove from her 
d^BMs, and ran afhore on the Troon- 
point, ' betwixt Inrine and' Air, and* 
diObd \Q pi«« l!S?Ii|«U^^^ 


laved, except <Hie feryant. Tliis flup 
and cargo was valued at L, z6oo Stiri. 

and no infuranoe mad^. At Pprt- 

Glafgqw, Tlie hands of the Aoiity* 
Geom Blair, finding themfelves diiv- 
11^ kt out the anchors, ftnMikoutthe 
con-ports, and funk her in the harbour. 
, John Qu:negy*s gabart drove upon, and 
ties acrofs t^e top of t)ie new k^. 
John Knox'^ gabart funk at the n\puth 
of the harbour. — From Broomikw, 
fbat one eabart is ^unk, and all the 
refl much Q^attered ) and that the nor^ 
coaft, between Rof^ieth and Glafgow, 
is full of gabarts and fnvill boats chove 
up among the com lands. — ^From ^Axy- 
^le, that a vaft quantity of brandy 
and rum was caft in along the coafl of 
Carridc ; aod that a^e i oo caslcs were 
parried to the cuflom-.houfe at Air, and 
the like quantify found at Ballantire. 
Two boats ppttine into Dinure, loaded 
with t>/anay and rum, one of then\ 
^yas l^t tp pieoes againft the rocks, 
luid in the other, two of the hands pe- 
iifh'd. A great deal of wreck ^ d^ly 
ieen, pieces of boards, fea<QinpaiieS|i 
&r. — From Gourock, th^( their oarks 
and boats were driven afliore, and one 
or two boats loil. — ^I^iom Long- Annate 
that a great number qf cruiyjes were loft^ 
f — From (yocken;^e,,that two fine fhips 
yftie daihjod to pieces in the harbour. 
— AtLodi-Leven in Fife, great fhods of 
pearches and pikes were £iven a great 
way into th^ fields ; fo that the country 
people got horfe-loads of them, and 
tola thenii at one penny per hunored. 
•i— Froni Kinghorn, that a dreg-boat 
which Kad been hauled up.^Tun the fea- 
mark, was tofied in the air, and thrown 
to an inc|edible ^iflanpe.— ^ — From 
Bumtifland, that the fhippihg in that 
harbour were dxpve from their, moor- 
]ng» and iirferpd confiderably. — At 
|<'imer-TOW^ fome lives, and fev^al 
fiihing-boatB, were lofl. — At JLeith, 
(ever2 ihips broke lobie, and carried 
away the iron-rings to which they were 

. Five boats, fmuegling brandy, wer& 
oaftaflioreat Inverlup, near Gxeenock^ 
^ all die hands periihU 

A boat v^qift aw^y near 6aii(gai^ 
eight perfons ({rowned. 

The Crawford Galley, Willjain Gre- 
gory Mafter, was cafl away in Yar-i 
mouth JG^oads, but the crew happilv 
got to land. She had load^ 1 40Q bolls 
of wheat at Dundee for Liibon^ 

Alexander Thomfon Sinith at Aberr 
la4y> whp for fome tiipe feemed difbr* 
defd in his fenfes^ went into the rosoi 
with a knife in his hand, and, without 
provQcatu>n or acquaintance^ a^tack'd 
and murderM one Forrefter a land-la- 
bourer, by cutting his throat from eai 
to ear, and ripping up his cheft. De- 
fignii^ to perpetrate more barbarityj 
he made up to a Royal Gray Dragoon, 
who knocked hini down, and had hisi 
iecured. He iiya^ brpught prifoner to 
HaddvK^tpn jail, and has ^9nfeiled. 

The one new-t;»uilt ^oofe of Alexam^ 
der Gcant of Delra^ey^ £iq; was 
bumt to the ground t>y accidental ^ire| 
wher^^y t^t^ whoU) furniture, plate, ai 
bout Z«. 170 in cafh, and a great manjF 
valuable papers, are confum*d. 

Informations have been laid ag^ft 
the Comedians before the Mflgifbate%| 
the J uflioes ^f the Peace^ ai\d the LonU 
of Seiiipiv 

J^ being neqejfaryy in order to ohain thg 
laft apices of rvers month ^ to dela^ 
fuhUceftion a few aap in the mmtt 
fblhwing^ luefrejume^ thatfljould'we^ 
in conformity to exaS chronolmncal or- 
der^ omit ivhat occurred in tbu hag- 
dom durir^ thofe dtpfsofthe netu month, 
our Readers m^rht think fuel occur- 
rences too long deferred to another Ma- 
gazine : Wherefore *we fifaU^ hy 'way 
^Postscript, conftantfy ffi<ve an 
account of luhat ha^ns {n Scotlanc 
from the end of the month to the day o^ 

Propof^s are puUiihcd for bnildins 
andendpwingan hofpital 9r woikhoull 
for empio)ring the poor, and taking can 
of the Qrpkms and feoqdlines of tfaj 
dity, asL uiey have already done wid 
fiKxefsattilafffow. The Lord Provol 
has fubfcribedlr. 25, the Baillies, lbe^ 
of Gild and Treafurer, £. 10 each, an 
C9ch member of the foWn-cou^cU ag 

• Dicjitized by vjv/v^viv: " ^ J| 


tteo^pod CbrkHknite, Z. 5. each* 
Sevml otbos liave followed their ^ood 

aampk. The Diredors are to |)e 

cfaoTen tbos: Nine by the Maj^fbates 
and Trafs-awDcil, whereof fix l/f^- 
ftnts fud three Ctaftfinen ; Twoity 
imn ^ the particular Khk-icfBons, 
i^fxa z Minifter, an £Ider, and a 
Iboooy from every (effion ; Two by 
tkLonh of Seffion ; One by the Barons 
flfEnduaquert Three by the faculty of 
Mnam^ Three by the Wri ten to the 
Sjs^ Two by the CoUegp of Pbyii- 
pins»aixiTwo W the EpifcopalClei^. 
—Any fl^an (ubicribine L. co SterL or 
mtdij toward the buildup is inti- 
tUtpbea Dire^r daring his liftx 
adawonan fobfcri^iiig that fum fhau 
kieDowcr to chafe a Diredor during 
krlifei and anv number of perfond 
(aBtribadng not dcIow L, 5 Sterl, nor 
iasnL^Stirl. may chafe annoally 
(beaf eveiy ten of tbdr number to he 
a Diiete. — Any fodety or corpoca- 
OGB fabfcnbing L. 10 Sttrl, yeany to- 
imds endoyvii^ the hoafe, may diofi: 

An accidental flafh of lightning fet 
iie to foioe houfes in Valley-field near 
Odrafs, and reduced five of them to 

The presbytery of Edmbuigh have 
«nd to the fettkment of nindpal 
William Wifheart in the New Gray- 
iaa Charch. 

Casvaltibs in Jannaiy. 
IWned 4. Killed by a fall^ 1. 
Mn'd 10. 

MtfmrtuSijfit yamuay. 

Bsied, men 1 8, women ac, children 7a. 
Inallyiij. {ncreafedtliism<mth,27. 

Whereof hayf died, 
Under a years 0I4 

letwixta and 5 
5 and 10 
16 and 20 
20 and 30 
^oand 40 
40 and 50 
50 and 60 
60 and 70 
70 and 80 









Old age — — — 

Confumption — — 
SmaU-pox — — — 
Fever -^ — — 
Teething — — — 
Qiin-coogh — . — . — 
Child-bed _ — — 
Suddenly — — — 
Gravel — — — 
Flux _ _ — 
Killed by a &1I — -* 
StiU-boA _ — — 








FaiFiy^MENTs Civ?!.. 
TXR. Hulfe,— Phjriidan Extraoidi- 

I J nary to his Maiefhr. 
KrTcflicr,— one of his Majefty's Fhy- 

fidansi andistohoIdhisbebigPhy* 

fidan to his Nfajc%'' hoafhold. 
Brigadier General Campbell,-^Grooa| 

of the Bedchamber to his Majefly. 
David Bruce Writer in Edinburgh,—^ 

Agent for his Majefly*s board of cx- 

cife in Scotland. 
William Williams, Efqj — Auditor of 

the excife in Scotland. 
Robert Dickfbn,— Supenrifbr General 

of fait in Scotknd. 
Thomas Gordon, — ^Pro^or of Huma- 
nity in the Old college of Aberdeen, 
Gideon Lockhait Writer in Lanerk,-^ 

Principal Cleric to the Juftice of Peac$ 

p>urt fpr that fhire. 


The Duke of Marlboioi^.— Colone} 

of theRofal regiment of horfe in Ire> 

The Laid Lempfter, — ^lieutenant in the 

laid reffiment. 
The LorS Howard, — Captaininthe 

iipcond troop of life-guards, 

Admiral Haddock,— Commi^gner of 
the Navy at Plymouth. 

Dr. Matthias Mawfoo, ^ Qifhop of 

Mareiaoes and Births. 
Mr. William Somcrvcl of Dorater^ Adi 

vocatc, — to Mifs Gib, 

%tized by Google 



The Diitchers of MaillTmueh, — of a 
foiiyandJbeir. He is ftiPd Marquis of 

The lady pf James Waiichop-Don of 
Edjiymilon, Efqi^-of a oai^hter, 


Sir Robert Cater« Knieht, and Alder- 
man oC Cheap-Wara.. 

Sir Francis Clave|iQ|^ Baronet. 

Mr. Hojqp, an^ ^^nment banker, and 
chi^ lamp-lighter ^ his Majefty, a 
place of about L, 600 per anmtm. 

Sir Thomas Lombe, Knt. Aldennaa for 
BaiTiOuw-Wani,. . 

Thomas Goodman^Eiqiuie, one of the 
King*s phyficians. 

William Greenwood, Efq; formerly an 
eminpit bafaker, and a diredor of the 
S. S. Company, 

Sir itoger Meredith, Knt. 

William lawfon, L. L. D. and King's 
Advocate for Nova Scotia. 

The Lady Newton, rdid of Sir Richard 
Newton of that nk, Bart. 

Thomas B^arce, Efqs Lieutenant-Gene* 
lal of his Majeily*s huvi-forces in 

Mifs Wright, grand-daughter toSir Na- 
than Wright, Knt. tormerly keeper, 
of the Great Seal. 

Col. James Seymour, formerly an emi- 
nent baixker in Fleetflreet. 

Matthew Norris, Efqi ffeoondfonto 
Sir John Norris, Knt. Admiral of the 
UmonFbg) late commander of the 
Tartar Man of War. 

Capt. Webfter, of Handafy^*s regi- 
ment of foot. 

Alexander Mafter of Garlies, at Aix la 
Chaoelle, in the 1 9th year of his ace. 

John.' atewnut, ion to James firft iSiA 
of BuDB, at Rome. 

William Mackexizie^ Efq; Merchant at 
Charles-Town. , 

Jofeph Gibfbn Surgeon and IVofeflpr of 
Midwifery, author of feveral trafts 
in the Medical Eflays. 

JaniesCiord^n profefibr of Humanity in 
the Old Colk^ of Aberdeen. . 

Mr. Aiton Miniiler at Kilconquhar in 
JPile; fem'd for his Arcojatm^ whi^ 
efFeftually cured children of the con- 
vuUion fits. • 

The Lidy of Capt. Giant. Sie wajj 
firft Lady Kiniiaird, and aflerwardi 
married to the Earl of Aboyne. ^ 

Thomas Dick, late Dean of^Gild <4 

Tl^young and only fon of PHndpal 


Mr. John Muttar Minifter at Tranenli 


T Hamas Kouli Kan, thepreleid 
Sovereign of Persia, fiai 
lately fent an embafiy to tfai 
Grand Seijgnior, and another to her Im- 
perial Majefty of Ruffia. The propo 
tek made to the Porte were,. ** Thay 
** the Sultan fhould yield up to Thanni 
Kouli Kan all that port of Diarbehn 
which was formerly in the pofleffioa 
of Perlia 1 arxi alio cede to him h 
perpetuity, all the diftrid that hai 
been feparated from the Upper Ar 
menia arid joined to'the Ottoman Em 
pire : That the Qrand Seienior fhal 
abfolutely renounce the alliance bi 
lately entred into with the Great Mo- 
gul : That the Caravans of Perfii 
mall havearight to coinedireQIv in 
to the Ottoman dominions,,* ana en 
joy the fame privilms they have u 
thofe of Thamas ]&uli Kan : Aoi 
that the new fortifications that havi 
been made at Bagdat, or Babylon 
** fhall be demolifbed in prefenoe of i 
** Commifiary named by^ThamasKoul 
** Kan. ** Inefe propofitions math 
ofEended the Grand Sennuor, and occa 
fioned the calling of a Grand Divan, al 
the members of which unanimonfli 
cried out. That the Perfian denumd 
were injurious to the Grand Seignior 
that his Higlmefs mufl renew the i^ 
againil Perfia, he being able at the fani 
time to carry on that againft the Chri 
ftians with fufficient Vigor. Hie Gran 
Vifier made a^inotion for committin 
the Ainbailadors to'the Seven Towen 
( the principal ftate prifon of the Tork 
ifh Empire ) but the Grand Seienk 
chofe only to put a guard of i 50 Jaa 
^es over tlwm. • ' ' * 

Digitized by Google Th 


ing^ with all expedition, kveal gtDks 
ti3i galliots. There is a warm report 
there that Bdhaw Bonneval, fermerly 
aGeneral under the Emperor, is bani/h- 
cd to a caftie in Natolia ; but we be- 
lieve it ilands in need of finthcr confir- 

ThetolhmBgis a tranfladon of the 
^eedi of the rerfian Ambailadors at 
their iidi aodienoe of her Czarian 

/g^j Emfrefs did Sovntign 9f the 

WE prefent to yoar Imperial Ma- 
idty, to that Potent Lady, who 
mpaaitar and happineis equals the 
Mood and the Son ; to that Great Em- 
JK& whole fiune has fuipafled many 
fa p udgu saftfaeworidi to that Sore- 
idjpi mo is adorned with a brilliant 
oomn, sad whole reign may God ren- 
der €aiiftant|y happy : Wepreient to 
JOB chat asuaUe letter, whioi has been 
gpm iBcfaarge to lis by his Majefty the 
Sdeitk Nadir, (the ride affumed by 
Xniili Kan on h» advancement to the 
Ikone of Perfia) the gscat Lord, the 
gicat Ca^iaHy whom G^ has rendred 
ik Gonqueror and Sovereign of the 
la^piom of Iran, fo famous in theworld, 
ivloie icign may God prolone, and who, 
k coniequeaoe of the goodfriendfhip 
fittfting between the two Empires, hu 
fat OS, has fervants, in an embaffy to 
fOBT Imperia] Majefly . We dcm*t pre- 
faie to tvooUc yoor Majefty with a re- 
ckal of the contents of this letter, but 
flMfthnmbly befeech yon tocaofe your 
tthfid Bdittiflen to rm it, in order to 
veke a report thereof to your Imperial 
Mi^efiy, and then to let us know your 
fncious relonition.. 

To this fyeedti an anfwer was return- 
ed from the Czarina, by one of the mi- 
vltm of her cabinet, expreifing her 
admowledtements to the Perfian Mo* 
mch for tms embaffy, and aiTuringhim 
^ nothing oa her part ihould be want- 
ag far aog;mairing and confirming the 
md underftandii^ between the two 
nmcrs: Af^ which, the Ambailadors, 
ud eight of their principal attendants, 
^pcre admitted to kifs ner Majefty^s 
had ; . and, after making three low 
bows to her, they withdr^. 

The conferences upon the operations 
of die enftting campa^, arebcennat 
ViC9KA ; and dvc fiiperial Affiniral 
Mhvkina Ibu i^vM ofders for huikt- 


Letters frook Vienna inftnn us, diat 
the Emperor has prohibited balls, maf- 

2uerades, t^c, and other poblick diver- 
ons frequent at this fealon, aUedging, 
that inflead of fpending time and mo- 
ney in fnch diverfions, It were better to 
pray to God to put a flop to the fcourge 
of the pbgne, and to grant a happy fuc- 
cefs to the next campaign. OoimtKhe- 
venhuller has foUidted. wkh mndi car- 
neflnefs, for leave to refign his n»ft of 
Vice-Prefident of the council of war* 
without fuccefs : Though Genera! Die- 
mar has obuined leave to re^ hisie- 
giment, (ffc. and is goneinto the fcnrioe 
of the houfe of Caffel, of which his 
Sw^ifh Nfajefly is chief. 

TTie great Duke of Tvscah y, with 
his Dntchefs, daughter of his Im^Mrial 
Majeftv, having let out upon his jour- 
ney to tlorence, the report of the pbgue 
raginff at Vienna having reached the 
RepnoHck of Venice, the nuffiiftrates 
of Health determined upon making his 
Hiehnefs perform the uiiial quarentine, 
wiuiout the indulgence of one day. In 
confequence of which, on their arrival 
in the territories of the Republick, the^ 
were confined to the palace of Bun, 
with a few attendants ; and the reft of 
their retinue were fhut up clofe in a 
poft-hottfe near the aforefaid palace, with 
a ftrone guard to prevent any of them 
from eicaping. The Duke, who is ac- 
companied by his brother. Prince 
Charles, made warm remonftranoes ^- 
gainfl conforming, to thb ceremony, 
which he faid was fo unnecef&y ; it 
being improbable, that if the pUgue 
were even within ten miles of Vienna, 
the court and foreizn miniflerswouU re- 
main there ; and Prince Chaite was 
particularly difpleafed with his confine- 
ment! and nohvithflandirig the Vene- 
tians have fumifhed his tabl^ veiv 
bountifully, and made him fei^eral hand- 
fome preients his Highnefs is faid to 



tfSk of it witb mndi refeatmcnt, and 
j^ left the palace of Buri in fpite of the 
[RepuUick. which feems not much plea- 
ibd at his fkorteninqg his appointed qaa- 
ttntine without their leave. 
. Hie confimment of Baron Theo* 
DORS at Gaeta, in the territories of his 
Neapolitan Majefty, had no (ooner rai- 
itii various conjefluies relating to his 
iinprifonment, than he was leleaJed, and 
took the tour of Sidlv, which gave 
£e(h fubjed of (peculation ; efpedally, 
V it has been reported fiom feveral pla- 
qe&y that the Corficans, on receiyix^ ad- 
vice of his beins fet at libernr, and gone 
to Sicily, in orSsr to embarK for CSorfi- 
ca, made loud aodaxnations of, GiJ 
Ifif/s the King if SpaiUy and Theodore^ 
his Vicf'Rty! On the .12th of laft 
month an a£ti(m happenM in Corfica^ 
in which the natives are faid to have 
g»in*d a confiderable advants^ : Since 
^hich the Count deBoiifieux, Com- 
mander in chief of the French forces 
fhers, has drawn all iiis troops into Ba- 
|bia, and prohibited even any officer 
0om flirrtng out of that city. The 
porficaos having repoftiied themfelves 
of the open' countiy, punifh all who 
adhere to (h^ Republioc of Genoa in 
^Bioftdefperaten^anner: Two of the 
principal Noolemen of the iiland having 
laken upon them the title of Lieate- 
Hants General, and enjoined the inha- 
bitants, on pain of death and conAfca- 
tion, not to acknowledge the Republick 
1»f Genoa in any fhape whatever. 

A letter from Rome afliires, that af- 
ter Theodore had been twelve days a 
prifoner at Gaeta, and treated with all 
manner of diilindUon, he let out under 
|he prptedion of a troop of horfe, which 
was relieved by another troop thate- 
i[corted him to Tenacina, the firfl part 
port in thp Ecclefiaftical State on that 
£de of the country^ that when he came 
there, he found two veilels with z6 oars 
each, and 40 Corfican officers on board, 
who, upon fight of their chie^ threw 
tbeinfelves into the water to receive him, 
and carried him in their arms on board 
one of the veilels, upon which they both 
immediately weighed anchor in fight of 
|he convoy of horfe, which then J^* 
tonied into the xos^ tp Caeta. 

From Paris it is faid, that firefh 1 
infbrcements are spttix^ ready for Cc 
ilea, and that the Marquis de Malleb 
is nominated to command the Fred 
trocps in that ifland,'Coant de Boiffici 
having defired to be recalled. 
• Ck^Uoal Fleuiy, fiii| miniflor to 1 
MoftChriflianMajefly, has fo well 1 
coverod of his lale daq^rous indifop 
tion, that he ia^now fiud to enjoy b 
ter health than he has for feveral y« 
paft. It is reported, that the Frea 
King has invited Prinic Charles of I 
rain to his court, with dcfign rf co 
duding a marriage bccweeo (me of ti 
Princcfles of the flkwd and that Frinc 

The attention of Eqrope, as well^ 
erf" the fubjeasof the two crowns pa 
cipally intercfted therein, fiecm* to 1 
in an extraordinary i?iawier drawn^ 
the accommodation bctwacn Great m 
tain and Spain ; cpitriers havings £ 
fome time, been in contiwial mode 
between the two courts, whidi n 
prompted feveral news^writprs to gfl 
the publick fuch afcou&tt of the pn 
ceedmgs rekting to this fiibjfft, ^hai 
appeared moil reconcilable to thriron 
judgments ; but cvwy diing hitn«l< 
pu^ifhfid of this kind appears fo tm 
^biral, that, rather than amufe f 
readers with unoertatn rcpcMts rdatil 
toanafiairof fuphiinpoitanoe,weivi 
defer it till we have authority not I 
be difputed for what we afflert. 

SomcHANOViHAN foldicp ban 
fent in December laft to take poifcffifl 
of the tenritory of Steinborfc wbk 
his Britannick Majefty. as Elcflor < 
Hanover, purchafisd in Ai^ufl^ ^J^ 
Danifli foldiers, who were inpofMo 
of it, refufing tofurrender it, adifoul 
enfued, and feveral were killed on b^ 
fides^ after which the Hanoverians dii 
poilefied the Danes, whofo Soveieig 
immediately ordered fome forc^ t 
mareh that way; as di^ likcwiie foffl 
troops of the Electorate of Hanwar 
but the difiercnce is in a fair way of « 
ing accomodated. 

Letters fit)m Hanover affure iVi toa 
his Britannick Majefty*« prefence is a 
pe&ed in his German dominions the ^ 

Digitized by 'KjKj\^J\!l\^ 


tliat eroy tfain^ wOl be a^ufted be- 
tween dnr fintaDnick and PruiSian 
Mkjeillesi and it is laida double mar- 
»ge5e(vttn the two crowns will be 
then condoded. 

Letters from Swedim &y, tbat on 
new-yai^s day his Swedifh Nhjefty re- 
fimxd the gofvemment. 

GenoaliCeitb pafled lately through 
JlEJtLiN in his way to Riris, where he 
^ g>^Qg> being accompanied bv his 
brother, the late Earl Marifchafy of 
y Soodand^ to be cured of the wound he 
Roeived in his foot at the taking of Oc- 

^ Tht troubles in Barbaey ftiU con- 
timie ; though eruel executiotis are not 
h fiequent in that country now as for- 
iKrlj. Muley Abdallah, who is fp 
joftly zhhomd for his numerous barba- 
miea^ having loft all h<ms of the throne, 
is retired to Guiney. He dedaied when 
be went off, that he was fony he had 
cot off, at moft, no more than 2000 
beads; 'adding; that if he had beheaded 
as many as his Father Muley Ifmael, 
be fluHild have been a peaceable poflef- 
fcr of the crown. The two principal 
CDB^titors for this goverimient, at pre- 
ibit, aic Muley Hamet Ben Lanba^ 
and Maley Hamet Muftaidi : The for- 
mer of which has the advantage of the 
latter, by being aided by the Blacks, 
and in pofleffion of the city of MeqUi- 
aez, in which the Emperors of Mo- 
IDCC0 ufaally refide. Bat as the late 
Haley Ifmael left no leis than feven 
Inndred fons behind him> every one of 
whom looks on himfelf as intitled to 
die throne, equally with the refl, there 
ii no profped of an end to the difputes 
with which that unhappy country has 
been £0 hog cBllrefled. 

CbflrUs'Townf Swth Carolina, 
The (mall pox has carried off abun- 
dance of the inhabitants, fo that the 
country people will not venture to come 
to town, and but few people are feen in 
the ftreets. At their firft breaking out 
Vipe were adviied to prepare againft a 
fadden attack of them bv drinking tar- 
water, which had the defigned effea. 
It is not only a prefervative but an an- 
tidote ag^unft theiii. ' It ha« tbct^fbra 


been defired ro pufaKfh die wafFi w of 
makmgand ufingit. ' ' 

About two quarts of tar, which is i 
fufident quantity for fix perfons, put 
in the evening uppn it about £ve pmt^ 
of water. A&r having fUrttd jt w^U, 
let it fettle, and the .next momm^ 
off the dear water, and ^e 
near apint, which isto be con- 
tinued five dayi fucceilively eveiy mom-* 
ing ; the fame quandtv of water taken 
from it muft be immediatelv i\^\vA a- 
gain. After five days ufing the &ne, half 
a pint every other day is fufficient for 
two weeks ; then a quarter (^a pint it 
enough to be taken every other day 
during the time of infcaion. The tar 
is not to be renewed till after tW6 
months. — ^This is alfo ampft excdlelit 
temedy for confumptive people. 

— ■ I I ■ I ■ ■ .1. ■ I ,a ,1,, ^ 

Rboistsr 9f Niw Books. 

AN enquiiy into die Jewifll and 
Chriftian Revekdon, in a dia- 
logue between an Indian and a Chnftkn. 

A mifcelkny in profe and verie, faf 
Capt. Morrice. Price 2 s. 

The infancy of the world confiderad^ 
as a very unfit feafon for the manifofla- 
tion of die M^iliah. 

Verfes on the death of Dr. 8wift: 
written by himfelf in November 1 jja . 

A fttpplement to Dr. Kennedy *s yp- 
thalmographia, or treadie of the tyw. 
pr. 2 8. 6d. 

The furprife,or, A young gendemaA 
turned apothecary. 

A continnadon of Mr. Whitefield's 
Journal ; ctmtaininr bis obferwttwfs atid 
pious remarks on nvhat bafpefCd in bis rt' 
turn to England after bis very (hort ftav 
at Savannab in Georgia^ lobitber bo 
went to convert the Indians. 

TheChriflian a new^reature. pr. 6 d. 

Anew book of conflitutions of the 
Free Mafons, by J. Andofon, Chaplain 
to the Earl of Buchan. 

Several odes to his R. Highnefs the 
Prince of Wales, on his Birth-day, Jan. 
20. By Poets exfeSant. 

Obfervadons on the Whigs and To* 
Yies, andtbel>i|e|m^^,^,^^ ^^ 

4? ARegi/iertf BOOKS /r JANUARY 1739^ 

The Bfrea and Owl : a dialogue. . CoiiildeiaCH»s on tiie infU^fioii o£ 
fr"^' J ■• . . - Marriage, pr.' - - .. ^ . - 

Qmfideiftticns'UpQb the prefiitit flate 
our affiuTS at bcmie'aiKi abroad. 


f'M^l^ii hy 7. Cfiapa-^fui^fifer tf the 

The Wolf imdflRkU Dr,6dr»^w;/^ 
hmih d^ qf nuikim MjLLie^.'whoi 

Cbw^^ hasfitAmitim laboured to ex- 
foji tbeorrors mtboiridoIatroHs do^frine, 
^jfj^at an omm^ H the Proteftants in his . 
Ae^rt. A 9Htm4ff€K^f the fotlUw donton 
^ iuil£f» behw/eUo$^Jmidtbe &fi me- 
ibodtfj fitngibmg itt/wndaiifin, 
, A letter io )& propcietore'Qf the 
Soutlr SeaConiMny. pr. 4 d. 
. The Clbi^di tpf £Aglaiid vindicated 
juii r^ioitrng fi^ 39 
ttrtM^i fif t I (. 6 d> 

A ^ter to, die Rcr. WyLjV^ 
on hiB- doOritte or%|i€gc9Sition. B/ ^ 
Tfiiteiiii^HMl^ A. M:i9K M- ^-- 

I Ariaddrpft tpSbneattitt IXvinicy. 

Jy Aj)r. Taylof . .; ^> 

. A4 indox. to t^Pvi^c^ Ilctoids; 

' 6el^()»i(fii|{dtfiaoos.a^<Mcdita- 

•Xi<»^^^fa)^.^iifc. ft. as. oA 

- Fo^ O^^ JUttfirSv % T&eo. 

V'*'T^CoR45irttf.ofMat?'ixiw»y. p-. 6d. 
. * I'liB EbiM>ttrqf€acicQl4(nn* F«-. 6 1^' 
, The taal of W. S. £% at the fuit 
-.orjTm.938b«r. Bi;, 6i 

'Syphilis, jan a^ By Dr. Tiwr. 
j)r.,3V-6dv -, V,"./> ' 

The^ Jew's oipiplai|»t . pr. 6 d. 
* AnepntnyMto*theadraij^ of the 
ipuc^.of C^s'^oC' late.yftata. . H^tinen 
If datt^fym cmgiwatiofugrmtt^fiyudi- • 
•€i4Ht^fM£k. M,^ d. 
'^ .A'^'pt>^.*^<^ to d>^ Chared of 
Scotland; pr. 6p. 
.* ^tres^feoTHuxu^Katx^e. pr. los. 

t . . Accc^int of vthe tounclatioii and go- 
vernment of die hofp^ ^r Foundling 
rat Ruis.- '{4-. 6d. .'M ^pnpor ii^u- 
^imu/or treilJMf^n^^t h^^ the 

g9od ^mtmariri^mth fwffC. t^fd-tbe 
\Jeod£g 4titd u latge jil/crbtiott is ixpodid 
k/kffon Ike e^^^ ^fi <v€^ XKfxSaaj 

r/Vii&i fljr;TW i or^ The Goldttjf Calf. 
By Joachim Philander. , pr. 4 s.. ^ 

Alberti Schtdteosotatio acadendica lit 
meinodai^HeraiaiiQiBoerha^hre^pr. is. 
Twelve Motal Sffiiys of Se^xat^ 
^raaflated by a gentleman df Coin's 
Chnrchi, Qxon, jm*. i s. 
. An hiflorical acCoirot of .thfc deMda- 
tion of GdM. ' ^ R. Bb^ pT «d. 
Memorials and charaderiofbxcdient 
peribns, N. j. and 2/ pr: i s. eack. 
.. The Babel of Q^ertun thrown 
down. pr. i s.* i ^ 

Pbcms ]by , Mr. .R>pe. , pr. 5 s. ^ 
oMedioH ifthofe lafi ^l^i by that 

, Thed^raeofdieBifiiopof Oxibtd 
[Pr. ^«>fcr) tohis Ocrgy. *pr: dd, 
\ A New Year's Gift; pr. 1 s. 
/ L^ lilergie Fran90iie> n<niv)eHe.«di- 
viioij.* ^. 1^. ;'' • :. y, \ ^ 

,Thc true Gofpef of Jerfu^ Chrift ;akd 
the difleitation on '.PW\-ide0C(?j ty T: 
Chul*, vindicated by T.'thubbV jr. is: 

tobethegreat'duf/of^lj^ Bf 

It. waiowcs; M, A; T*f /s^ • 

Sixteen Scrinoii?;"n)r;i9fjah,.Ix)rcf 
Bifliop of^Imore; ;^Ki Aratj^gh . pr. 
'4 s. 6d. ■ ... * 

Fourteen Senoom, by J'Orr, M; 
•A. ^. 5 s. ; ; ; ' • 

A Si^rmon^M^^^ m tjravel 'lane, 
jonnew^ear^^ay^ by H. R«iad. jpr.*4dF. 

A pniiUcal treati^ of Painfiil' D^ 
ftemperj. By Theb. 1^, "St: D, 
pr. A$. * '•■^'''** 

; A defence of the'^Rcv.'Mr. WhSte-- 
field. pr>6d: ^ .*•; ' 

, The etcnunr of Hell toonalts; By* 
6. WhitdfieW, B. D.a|r. 6d. / *. 

Ri^es fo^a holy life, by l>r. I^K- 
toon late Archb^. 6f Gla^^. jr. ad. 
^ ,A letter to Mr. Ebeneaec &9kiiiej^ 
by^Euzelus Philalethes.* pr' 3 d*. . '. 

On the fi^^rcity of coj;^rHX>k^ a &^ 
.tire, pr. 4. ' , 

The niamlduty of Binun^^fiv^^ 
;by Mr. Robert PatonMin^ aC'Ren- 
Vrew. ]»-.^f. d. Dme^jfhm n €P^ taJkm^ 
in flnrt'hkndy ibi author rtfi^gtocei* 
fent tQ /l^Mb/iMfVa € «r. 

^ . J 

TX H' Ef : o n 



F E 6 kXfA RY, 1739. 

To be continuecf fut^iy Month. PHoe Sixpavce «k:h. 

O lim ^F<»"*!^ [ I * \ .■ ■ ■ I . * j ' ■ J. » ■■ ■ . U P 1 ' I ■ I » 

... . . ^, CONTA 

Wbeklt Effiiys. 'On'die^u^roTa 

Scuding^Araury aiid.lhe er^ion of 

Bnnido in tne nefghboorliood of 

LoDdon^ Adva^tagps ^ti^j^^in^ an 

r HopoioaUejEVacc; An eoquuv inio 

, difc nature and Icg^ caufe of JDhror* 

en; Remarks tm tbe Milittat ^ 

^ Gapa^lawsi On the danaer 

tiffatiicd V the liberties takeq y 

,die Methbcbftsy a religious k& ip. 

Knglaiid ; Obfenrations (mthe G)n- 

. ytntioQ^.Jl^lilate of |he S. S. 

Comgjnj^tf^deiisnds on Spain, isft. 

I CpHvkNTioii'' between Gr^tfiripun 

[ I and Spain, and th^ iTwp &bp^* 

t RATE AeTICLBS. " " " ' " 

s .^ MTwji ana PaoTCST. , / 

TheHoofe of. Peers Addrkis. and 

the fubfi^nce of that of the Jtiouie 

of Commons. 
The cafe of Richard Cofithoeiic 
. fole owner an3 mailer of the Betty 

,Th» city of LoNOON^s Petition to the 

Parliament. . 

Tjie Houfe of Peers Addre(s upon the 
. Ctmfetiiio/t, 
pQfiT-iCA t Eflays. An ode to Fame ; 

To Wt, Mallet ; Figilantis <vota^ dur- 
. mentis jemfita i The relenting Fair & 
• ; Songs, lsfc4 .,...• V . 
A kt;er,|rfafinff to the Stao^, Js)V. 
Df AiB sj i' cix iSdoty. 
f oaEioN TJiftory. ^ 

it in jiiif m 

EDINBURGH: Printed by wTSANirttVA. Ba^^a^ A, MuaRAr.atd 
J. CocHRAM. Sold by the Bookfclkrs in Town and Country, and at tho 
hio^.hoQicin£«ny<y'8Clofe. >iDCCXXXIX. 

C O N T: en T S. 

% f^tr^Ht^tPigtrf a/UmSmgmUff. . hmuUrm in, CaratMd f,' 

X Vfittf amtmtrmsmi p. 51 Vh frmrtj rf Caanlina im trmjtiti \ 

tjfafeiymirs M'wirkmfnin mt Sj^^tf ..>^*' 

k 4»pentHf tie armf {i jte dktr^air tniOmut^ iiut gf 

^yAt ir§3km ef hmrrmQh mmr Lm- amibfr Prum-wnm^ir 

dm * (3 Fmfbir remarkt pm m- cmvnOmt \ 

TJk'nuu'iuJ imv JoMgnmi to mar JSt- AarUun Gentkmmm emf^ndH *r 

bertUf, .An txtraarHmafy ti^/Upui tvho wukftmk §• teack gmmft $• 

flf pbeM^nci in m Jnhakemi 7h ^^^ ^^^ ^ ^ 

dtntgir oF HyvMBrnv nuranitty Yfft iwfvintttn €i tfmnon^sn&t 9f %at 

tmfs. Cfthefhfiief'uacanirt- fnvims fr^fi rf tie Xig tf 

ginents Mul mttaoy gfivirnments $4 SfmM , ''* ! 

An ifotf^iiniUi ftmH nvUiant itmr mn • Brii^ emr^i in finmr times 

ex^4m£tm} cafe 55 The lOngef Spenn^sfntefi 

Jn/iiirs t9 the mii$nimJMal arpt'' Ju^ntiem in/mmr tf A6^. Fekn ] 

<mna$ fw a'war $6 Cai rf' Ricbird Cofithome i 

An iuiJre&to^the gentlemen ht the fit V) AJj^fi ef tU hmift rf feere 

OrigimtfjtJSpi f' eimonet ib. ~— «^ if the km^ ef Comment 

AthiceJtothemmriedtMnnmmrieti, fhe S. S. Cenfemfs demmni en 

^ in order to frtvenf them 60 Spain vj 

Jttmpit ef the Qtiiaen 61 

Cf the militia and game-laws 63 - P B T r f. 

CharaaereftleJ^M^t < 6f 7# G^. A 5^ifa. ILthi^ 

Their dearinesf mndnimnerfffeefih Pair I 

^ ^.gatinithem 6$ Qftii Candle. The Pen^ emidm 

Jjhi inftanceef their ferwmrdnefs 68 Devil 

' Cwf tvji/iiw bttvme^ Qreett Brtiatn ^heDreemt* Bf/tfUm-te JCfw«~ w 

and Spain ib. JU^«.r--: J 

' Firft feparate article 70 .^«6«9Aair. feMr^MkBet 

Second Jeparate article 7' * 

S<wearingtetheebfefvatm^treeities, A ktier rtbting to tie Stefi, kc> 
newaut of nfe . |b, 

Ti^MQ^i^ Joknm^ entered inte, JeUum DomsTiCK HlsTomT. 

fn^Xltd 72 Macvicat^sca/e^'andjentinct 9^ 

T>efigneftiepr$jenteem3tmim. Oh- The citjf ef LendenU petUimt 

Rrvatimu on the fiit article efts ih. Spitafh mt a hanb^ 

Cijervations on the third article, and Preferments, ttc MertaBtyiill ^t» 

tbe-anthor^s opinlen tohat onght to The Lords addrefsnfoiethe cmnentkn i 

be dene in the fiOure treaty 73 The Essig^sast/itjer • 

— on the article reHM^tothediJi' 

rences httifjeen Spain and tie S. S, Pone rev HisTpkr. 

Company 74 The reafan of Oe Cur/tans attOKb' 

— oittheprowmuprotejt ib. iwiifDvTMbnr ^ 

''^ on the powers gfuen to Pinijfoten' ttifffier of keks ^ 

iyjeaandiimd • ib. Semal poems, &r. aie comT 

Thepoyjer of.feattbing 'odthin etiep hud too ate to bciofert it AiiV 

"* " nnutSf ijety mtngerons ib» |^UiB€» ,,-^ 

Themfickforaij^ngterritarmlS'' ugtzeibyCoogJe / . • , 


The Scots Magazine. 

FEBRUARY, 1739. 

CiLA?r8MAN» fih. 3. whidi does not ariie from any pattka* 

ttMinaimsntm the danger (fa^tani- ^, diCaffeaion to his Majcfty, and 

» An^ in a free Nation; and the n^ght be ca% fupprefled by the cMl 

enakm ff Barrath in the neigUmr- magtflrate j Inrt z general reheKan, or /«• 

te/^ Condon. ^fitrreaien, which is manileftly defirned 

to fubvert our Apn;/» reSgien zxA Sher* 

THE dangen^ m i fchidB y and /t/ir/ : thoi^ I cannot conceal my opi* 
cDpnffioBs of a mmerons nion» diat this ieems to be the cnfis of 
fiemdhm armf^ in time of tiytfrejhit government i it beii^ now al« 
fioee, tave been £0 often moftdoubSy whether a /imwAMM/rA^ 
and ibfiAyc3cpbds*d, both «iMfiU»i«rr, iU^ or z military force, are to get the 
aadMfiiinry toraboWfertyycauvpafty better. In j^;^ r^/^^ we are undone; 
dnt k nny ieem ncedfefii and impertt- . which is a mehuicholy confideration to 
aeattotrauble theieader with any thing all perfons, who wi(h well to this go* 
£iitfaer on that head : but eveiy day^ vemment, or toany government, when 
c i p crkii f e fomilhes us with fomcthuig they fee fnch a difp<»tion in the com* 
aew upon it, and makes it neoeHary to mon people to throw oSi alirefiraints rf 

taaia^ tiMt iuac doEtnDt$ o£ liiirtf, lanv. Neither can I think that an 

iHudi we hacre always aflerted, into the nmgr is neoeflaiy, or proper, to awe ^ 
■HDub of the people, (efpedally at this freedem of eh3im$, or to influence our 
line of the ynr;) left kog ale ajidcu- ii)^i^ ^iSk«y^0«i ; much kfs to proteft 
fan Ihodd fiuniliariae than to a unVif- parcel of flreirn nfagrants, who oama 
iarffiexn, and fubdue their ancient J^i- over hither and made an audacious at* 
nil, as it hath abeady done in aooft «• tempt, agidnft Lew, to debauch the 
dnremmtries. minds and morals of the people. 

A mamtmtsjlaadii^ armf cannot pof- 7itm£^, Though a large body of nfj^ 
iib^ be of more tlum three n/et j that lot, mercenary troops is certainly necef* 
m, to ptoteft the people againi their iary to fupport or introduce znarhitra' 
firngnemmiiti U^op^domeftickinfar" n government, there can be no occaiion 
reSitms s or to introduce and fupport an for it under his /f^/0ia^|r^«rimr/ Ma^ 
erhitreny woermnent, ^ jefy, whofe tide is fbun<kd on the prin- 

As toS^foft, Nobody can pretend ci^es of iiberty, and I hope will be al« 
that oar fr^nt amf hath been of any ways ellablifiwd in the hearts and affe- 
n(e to OS, for twenty years ipA ; and Sions of hie feepU, We may therefore 
in whatever fUte of embroilment the afiineourfelves that thc/nwjf is not kept 
Jtttipn may be, fit>m the multiplicity of up with any fuch iniquitous de^. 
Qor treaties, and the nueafiures we have But it may be fuggefted, perhaps, that 
knr been porfuing, theprefentintereft a ftanding army hath been fometimet 
ti%^htnd requires no intervention of maintained for another reafon, befidea 
t hmiferce to mrd and fupport it. thofe I have mentioned ; that is, to fup* 

Secomifyt By,aim^icJi infinrt^3ions Idp port Uk o£ws minifler in the execution 
. «t mcaa every «^ n^, o^ tumult, ^.,L^^^^^ ^' 

tej^ /tfivfr will not iniift upon this aigu- 
mcnt, in ^vour of thcir/o/^iW J whdc 
J have been fo Wilely condodedi 


52 /^^^Jt/^ ES&AYS in t^EftRUARY 15^39. 

of his wcktd fcbmes ztidpr^eas : tho* hitherto thought fit to acknowledge id 
Isaafurcdicprc/tnt advQCiUetfirmili' hywx oS l\it frtfinu mrmfn 

There u likewiie amtbir arm^^ te-* 
fidte theieySxvrxf/nr thomfandmtnf which 
lie almoft as i ivnjf as Mr. ^^/s army in 
the Ribear/kli I mean Ho^finjimers ^ 
CMJea ca&ge^ and the 'workmtM im cmr 
d^k-yards. — Moft of the firmer have 
been in a£^aal fenrioe obmM ; and, tho^ 
What reafon then can th6e be for called im/aMi are fittei* to man garri- 
ki^eping up fucli a number of forces, at fau, at lead, than any of oar Utew^ais*^, 
this time ? — I cannot poffibly think of vnfte^i foidierets^ who never faw any 
but one, which was darted iome years engagemjcnt, except in Auir-^^i., — My 
agpy by a Right Hofnurahk Geniiitum^ readers will be furprizeOy perhaps, to ten 
1S2X our very fecuriiy is onxgreateft dan" me mention the oiMriMrir inmtrick-yards^ 

and his admniftratiw grown fo popular, 
that fhey have often afierted all rffofi- 
tion and dijcmtttni to be^ in a manner^ 
at an end. 

ger : For having amufed the nation fix>m 
year^to yeir, with an acknowledgment 
that TiJiandinE izropr was a real grievance, 
unlefs in cafes of the utmoft neceflity ; 
and that we (hoohi be relieved from it^ 
asfoonas the tranquility pfi?«r^ was 
^tled ; which was then done, or pre- 

as an additioual part if mtr arwrf : bat^ 
if I am not very much jniiinfonncd, 
they are as regularfy di/cipUm^dy ^uod in- 
ftnifkd ill the 1^ ^ arms^ as any oT 
wa m ereenantrwfty and would be able^ 
with the amftanoe of our men rf n^mr^ 
to prevent any fudden fuiprizes in die 

tended to be done : 1^ was d^Iigra, at ^t and haritttrs, to which ther be- 

M, to throw 0^ the maik^ and tell us^ loi^. At the fttdW/nr^ thewoikiiien 

that no time is prober t§ rtduci //^ Armt. at Shaitam-ihcki with their odKet and 

His words are thefe^ as reported by his other tmis only^ drove one of Xii^ 

late advocate Mr. /Ttf^^iwffir; — fThile ^^^/s regukr regents out of A^- 

theaJaintfEai€fpeivenvaiktded,and chejUr. 

dangeri nvere threatenUfrom every fuar» I haire (aid enough to prove that the 

ter^ and on every band, there was no frifint number ef firces are unneoeffiuy^ 

temptation fir any power to embroil tbem^ 
Jthves in neiv dijicultiei j ^itf no w there 
is room fir ambition to bpk round. — So 
that, according to this doMne, whe- 
ther the affairs of Europe 9n kttkd^ or 
unitttledy we are flill to be DurthenM 
with the fame ftanding annyi if not a. 

at thli}undure. — Bat there are feve« 
ral other thii^ worth obferyatk»vooa-' 
oeming the burthen and danger of fach 
a numerous army* 

In the>&^ places the J^^early expence 
to the nation^ xaifed by parliament, to 
maintain theft firces^ amounts to about 

greater ; becaufe, fbrtooth, in times of 7609000 /. befides armiif 

life. — To dus mufl be added another 
burthen Upon the poor peopAe, who are 
obliged to qudrter them ; it oaviBg been 
compated,/i&47f every ftldier fuartertdup' 
on an inin-keeper, in town or eouutfy^ 
dfis him near ds miuh as he eefis the go- 
vemntent i bdTides the in/olence, eutragey^ 
and lewdesiamples ofdeiemcbevy andjdSfi^ 

pface and tranquility^ then it room fir' 
Ambition to look round. 

It appears ^m the foregoiiw^ that 
* I am not for bfeaking the ivbokarmyi 
but only for reducing it to fuch a num- 
hfix as may be necefiary for oor guards 
SLpdgarriJbns i fince in cafe of any Uttk 
tumultsy it ihews a weakneis iir govern-' 
ment to fly for protean to a military nefit which ^ey fpread thnx^ tha 

force, whole fUtion. This haidfhin iqpon 

But If" we mufl be governed hy fnefee- fublick hHufts, in particular,- 13 ftiUraoirt 
nary troops f I think Tw E L v e t HO'v- grievous mice the late aB^ to prevent the 
SAND M EN, which liavc been often pro- rpaiUng of Jjiritmous liaiers, efpcdally 
pofed, amply fufficient for all the ends punch i for how can it be expe6M that 
of z good government^ in time d[ peace, SLpoor iffff-ktper^ Qt ahb^uft'hepert can 
and 3X that the minihrial v.ritcn have - • afcrf- 

Digitized by VJV_J'V_7XI'^ 


ifbfd to qoailer two or thne hrfudtni 
fe&^Ma, n^ think tK^liayeaQtiiority 
to ale Mm as they pleafe, wliilil he U 
debaned cwcxo&ag the moft braefidal 
famidl of his tracfe, fortheikkedfthe 
truU^f Multitudes of houies have 
bceo aheaxty fimt up on this very ac- 
ooanti and I wiih the Anu^ jfju^nnv 
nay not find fidh inflances of it every 

Peiiiaps, it nay be owing to the dif- 
Sadty of fttmip-i^g^ that feveral Bar- 
aActis aie aLfeady built about this n^- 
trapolisy 2aA \ am told that lyipre are 
jnaniderf : a f^fat to which thjs nation 
fadi never be£ accnftomed, and ise? 
_ to eiye us drtadflil apprehenfi; 
; ixtbtjkwdliiary e^e$iinf^\k% 
fimagmrifrit ineifed, where the foldir 
OS are kq>t diftindl ftfym dieir fellow- 
lubjcCLby and ouiiyeited into a fort of 
JaMifariiSy ready to niarchont in abo- 
if nqpon any oGCsdion. It is true, tjiat 
none but ttmlhrje-guards have been vet 
aftmUedinthisA^iZrMwmr^; but^as 
precedents are too ' frequently ^AaweA^ 
^we are not fore tiiat'it jaxy not in time 
extend to the nvhok am^ ; or^ at leaft, 
dat it mav not be jui^ necei&rv to 
krepaoonftantcanip inX$uSr-^i,wiuch 
Ikiok op(m ai the camfm tnartiut of this 
Iffngdoin, where y't^ tenthmen learn 
the art t:f war, in mck-hattUs j and, 
fikethe ancient Poiuuu^ zfSbri great 
dBverfion to the fpefbtors.— Thus, a-. 
{^ ^ibead may \it properly called 
Our nammaelruiy where fia-^mgagements 
were l epio f e n ted in the fame facifek 
mnmer: The only difference between 
18 is, that tha Rmutnjhews were intend^ 
edcfasefiyiordtverfidn, and wisre exhi- 
bited to the M^iGr/ lipon particular oc- 
afioosy without any exp^ioe to them i 
whereas we are ob^eo to pay for our 
im&arjfiortMf at a Very dear rate ; for 
befidcs-uie vaJlexpenceof keeping /'i^ 
ferfbnmrs in oonftant pay/ whidi the 
'Jtmmm never did/it is compu^ that as 
mod) gmfowder hath been confomed, 
within twenty rears fafty 'mfieU-dtt^Sf re- 
wiewsy vaXfimesy both by^ and^m4 
as would have gone a great way towards 
fupporting an aBual*wgr, i cannot, 
fated, £y dial m haw had no b^w$ 

^739' S3 
and ^Ao^y for our money i fince I re« 
member that, fbme years ago, a poor 
button-maker was (hot m Hjfde-farky who 
had the curiofity to fee one of theje ra- 
ree-Jbews^ and raihly placed himlelf in 
the front of the battle. — An accident 
of the fame kind happened in Queen 
Anneh reign, by fpringine a (ham-mine 
in BnnbiU'foUs^ where & eiiy-militia 
were reprdfenting the (tege of Lijley by 
which (everal perfbns were dang^roufly 
wounded. — I am likewife told that fc-r 
yeral big-belh^d women have been frigh- ^ 
ten'd into miicarriaees, by <vollies of fire- ' 
amuy as phey were innocently pfCng 
throu^ Bjfde-pariy not fufpefbng to 
meet With a hattk tl|ere ; And I myfeif 
kave more than once ))een in danger of 
breaking my neck, bv the fame means ; 
iny fbber liag not being ufj^i to fuch 
piartial entertainments ^-^ But that, in- 
deed, wouki have been of but very litdo 
confcquence to the fublkk^ and much 
lefs to the admimftration, or ny/elf fmce 
it would have faVed us both a great deal 
of tronbk and expense, — \ — To rptvirn| 
and be ferious : ' 

This afBiir of harraeis is an iimova* 
tion, which certainly deferves the no- 
tice and animadverfion of parliapient | 
left it fhould grow upon us'bv degrees^ 
as it kem% to do, aira efhib]i(h a mi/i- 
tary fewer abfolutely diftin^ from the 

civil fenjotr^ and independent of it. 

I can never takp a little walk to Maty t 
bone, without thinking myfeif in an 
enenefh country \ or, atieail, thattherp 
is a reUIHon or cin/iiwar in the nation, 

' This new ereSkn of barracks, i|i 

the m<xe unneceflary, becaufe there is 
always one l^aUion^ at leafl, kept as 
a gafrifon in the Tower, and another in 
the Savojn, whkh are certainly fufficiene 
to quell any little riots, at either end of- 
the town. --^-^Bat thefc new barrack^ 
look as if the whole city was to t^ fur-i 
rounded with them. 

ThoJobHery, both offStors and private 
men, are already too much diflingaifhVi 
from iiut reft of the feepk^ ss 1 have 
fbrmeiiy obferved \ being trainM up in 
different principles^ and fubjcd to diffe-i 

rerftbfws^ Brodes, tht military fnni/b^ 

54 W'eekly ESSAYS' in 

mtnti axe fo fcreiey and the cxecntMa 
of them ib fudden, that they aie ex< 
tremdy daomous to our laertm and 
m/HtutioH ; for it is hdd a suudiii ia 
mlitary Aifnflim^ that Subordinati- 
on is abiolately neceflary, and that no 
iNFERioa oFPiciR IS aUow'd, iqpQII 
any oocafion^ to difobey thccommandi 
^his suPERioa. 

There cannot W a ftroi^;er Inftaaoa 
of this than a omveriation which hq>- 
pen*d» fevend yean ago, between iomo 
gMkmn tf tie mwgjh upon the fame 
liibiedi. — O/u tf tiim, who happen^ 
to be the fmf$rmr tgktr in company 
(for they all bdoi^^ to ihic/am rtgi^ 
mtfft) fhuted an atgament. How m 
^Urtwen oblig'd to obey otderj; and 
whether there were not fome caies, ia 
which they mjg^t legally refiife them? 
To which the others reply'd. By no 
xnoans.— What» iaid thcJSr^, (hould 
I command any of you to kiJIa mam, 
without any reafon, would you c^ey 
me ? — ^No doubtyiaid the ttJbers, — S«p- 
pofea^^in^rmlyM the>v^,thatIihoidd 
order you to Mn^ yemr f^/i, or rfvik | 

what would you do in that cajkf 

Why,obeyjwnr c mm min di^ (aid theyall< 
for the cnme would not be oar/, whofe 
duty it is topurfue our urdtrsi bat jmvy, 
who gave them.^Well then» iaya the 
hmep officer tDQOc of them, I conimand 
you, Sir^ to put this kunltfgim-ftvMkr^ 
which was then near at hand, mtothe 
£re.— -TheirMr,but tm thfifmms fitb- 
4tbem, (thinking it his duty, upon the 
frincibUi tf miuioTf dUc^im) imme- 
diately inatchM up the huni^ and dapt 
it upon the grate i which the reader 
will naturally coodnde put the whok 
company into no finall conAematioii. 
But the commanding officer had the pm- 
fence of mind to oider his inftnor to 
take the gnn-powdir off the me again, 
when the SamlvnasAmoSt burnt thio' ; 
which he did, in tjne moft undaunted 
iiunner, and fiampt^out the flames with 
his feet, 

If'thisis mi/itaty In^vsmd di/c^ine, 
is it not a melancholy and terrible con- 

fideration ? Is it not like the tame 

fubmiffion of a Turij/SIf FizifTf or Ma- 
J^OfWgWho fcrvilely kijQcs the Grand Set- 


f Mir'a lottav that cidan luaa li % 
firmngkdoi Uhmdtdt 

But it is to be hoped, that eiqieiicni 
hath, in a good naoaiiiie^ abcaid^ ea 
^aisditUfif^fimfnnnfki. Andfim 
I have mentionrad the Tmrh^ I ma 
take the liberty to oUcrve how cantioi 
all Prinas ought to be of diibbligyi 
a mmicnras boity of slw«raMfy ifiFfq^ i 
diftinfl bodies: fat thoii^htkey mi 
be ready and willing ckn^ to kn 
the rtjt tfibe fitpk^ fixMA whom thi 
are ftpmraud^ ia abfolnte fiibjedioi 
whim thi^ are in gmd hmamn yc 
iqpon the leaft difeoft, w i«^^ /i^ 
i^xm the £Ke of me earthy aie A> apt ( 
take fire, and torn apoa theifflBf;^/*-- 
This is not oalv tne cafe of ^nrk 
where no rrmbaim can be ABik 
without theakl of the Jamfatksi m 
of other ar h k rary tmmh iV/»whe«B ktr^ 
metcenofy armUi 9n kratiro: butu 
have too many examples of it in tt 
hiftoiy of our own^ coonoy • — ^The m 
rais'd by the fopUamem^ i^ainft Kiij 
Charktl. kickM/^if ^yaj fatrUmnm 

out of doors. The >wa r <i >y aft fl 

wards mado aboldattMapt to deflio 
Olivir Crmtwek and would have dofl 
it, had not his invinciUe fpirit faf 
preisM the nmtimf, to the imminei 

danger of his own life. :The ^i 

haffy rtv$haim was^ in a great meafan 
owmg to King Jams iL.\ diibblM 
his armf^ by clogging it with ij^t 
JUirt^ and putting them over thejtfad 
^lUigUftnmn. This is the moft moi 
tifying thing in the woiid tog mak nm 
tf tbt fino^i and I leave it to A 
.oonfidemtH>a of tb^ whom it eon 
oems^ whether patting jmuf tffkm 
without any mUkary f ^^ uafi m s , af4 
the heads oif^ Mferitnc^f^na, wla 
have h^nttAkytbiaiandlmHifmtfA 
dkj^ when their <mtnhy!s 4aaff reottirt 
it, may not be attemied v»th bidtai 
iequences ? . ^ 

IfliaUcoBcfadethis paper vnthcwi 
obfavation inore, which I Mcewife tUrf 
deienes the tnfnrf tffarUamtnti uk 
that is, how the prohts of vacak^ 
MSHTsare i^y*d. We have htt^ 

Digitized by VJV.fV.^viK. , "^ 

JFfeify E&SATS in FEBRUARY 1739^ 55 

UaMror^toioftliefevacantatadiiieK tsMidiwydtflkidtio: ibr»wliiltf0tkct9 
and loralttE^ dme; wiiidiBUiftamcNUit aft wkliout any regard to mjri ofdectmy^ 
tea luge fnm of jBan^—^SiaiK there- oonfidentkmof/nK/i^, orraipcft tt>/«rt 
6re dK aatioii is ho w obliged to bear yte i thejr, who neither have, nor ever 
tkwAakejqpniccoftlie^vMr, without can obtain iiidi zS^emfiuiomt araob* 
lAtiSiQ^ from the rrDvix*^ I tlunk it %ed to make ufe of quiiie anotber 
Int BBakxnbfe that aUp^fikk JMngs jSiff and to content tiMnuehcs to op* 
Ud be made fov oar. cafe; aadaa pofe reafen and aigmnitar a^inft a tor-% 
tkonn^nility of the tiaae> hath pvtm rentofoutnigiouscaluii|iues>aiid.aom« 
mmim^grs an ofjfwrtnitjr of koepiflfli tamed ftiain of maiicioiiB biifibofiry & 
ip>>wrtf/ri^niM//withoiuC«te/r,^ which will always havo acroud of mk 
mma&Mos^iitr^/imriMaatGownKrs, odnAm^ who will laogh axtbe Mmjf 
hncanht nodonbt that thcjawi^ii Jn^rw^s jokes, and be poifonod by ha« 
mm tbis aoc mmt , will be hiid before mmfier's fbjficL However, this will not 
^far&mmmt, aadafiply^d to the/e- jjoftify Uicjfriettdi of the g^vertmffit in 
ikkjirmce. imitadaf its enmus: a«d» thefafore. 

tho* I dedicate tlus pafpr to the oonfi- 
deration of the prAaiJUH of^^airu 
and CO the rofiiting what the ^4tt9rs of 
the mali€0ttiitts £ive ktely advaaced 
about them i yet lihallnoi&riakeiny 
old manner ; bat endeavoor oalmJyi 
and without pafteo» tt> defend thole 
meafiues^- which, as they had no end 
but tht pAlkk gnd^ fb (bey haveboe« 
parfued with fodi fkddinefs- and- wif* 
dom as do the natioii bonoar. 

During the tec^ of farUMm^it^ ite' 
ptiilkk 4tiUtttim hath been taken op 
chiefly with the ooftfideation of/Mgm' 

affair ff and the general #iM»i>y hath 

r:5^<;?^rW^^ 5«m, whether the e,^;^^ 

H^£J. ^^ Tlii%sZ * 1^^^ ^ ' We have bSn^f. 
^Mts, 8cc,/hm tb€jubieas of ^^^^ ^^ ^j^j^ wcumng to the 

»tf crvwH. uncertain method of obtawing an /&•* 

THeie is aething moie uneafy, or nmrMe feaet by ooor, we «« to k« 
more ingiaeetal to apcribii who oeive it from the tifftmtaimi of ^imt 

only. This is fo rare a cafe, that it 

N. B. Common ^fnftoi Feb. 3. is 
1^ the fame fubjeft with the fbre^ 
Ipingi and diere is fnch an aflinity be- 
tran the methods, in which it is hand- 
ki in each of thofe papers, that we 
pfeed it mmteflary to infert both at 
fiukngthy and thought it more pro- 
fcr to 0ve the Crafynum entire^ than 
todn^ the two. 

DyiiLY Gazbttbbk, Feb. 7* 

fbtj^ferior advantages attenMnv an 
mmarahU Feaci^ to nvhat couu he 
mftatiJranaHatcardom War\ ani 

gloves his^coontry, than to £nd 
MUf under a.neeefit^ of ei^^aging 
WkjfkUml^bAmUt: for £nce thefe are 
Am. earned on withr that ttrnffr^ 

(eems maaiy do not underftand it. Ther 
remember a long and bloody war I aa4 
which is moie, a fiipGe6ful and gjbriotts 
c»alene4mderthemi truly ufe- war, ended by a /itear whereby we got 
Manihui^ddei fb^toaahoneftman, £rii^«* and they cannot oonceive how 
itii^mttterofi«dldifi|aiet, whenheis we fliould obtain «y7-tl^it we t^Mrv^ 
WiiUMtiid to toBftA himfelf with any without nuking nvar at 9SL. Thai 
4||pne^tefentneBtmi/r^i^tfcri; /Hrfrixe I do not wonder at; but, I 
pin wfi , w hilt 1, ver he may think of thek confefs, lamsonaued at their M>nr- 
***■' he ftill retains a tendemeis tkade: For, not fatisfiedwith mSno- 

adng a thoufand doubts, which have 
not the leaft foundation, or appeamnce 
of foutidatkm> they aae muiy of them 

Digitized by VJV_7V_7^1K_ 

'frrhkoppooe&lB, inafmorhas theyaie 
^*"'* ^ 'nofewho have 

in difimet cfHtyt fnfiia admim- 
are, in this refpe^, under ex* 

56 If^eekfy ESSATS in FEBRUARY 1739; 

picaftd to diflike the thing as it fbuids. nation have ahroad? what wiD beootna 

A Udce on their own tervu is not fuf- 
fiaent, finoe it is a peace not obtuned 
in their fiMPi ov^ ; and, therefore^ they 
account it worfe than no feace at alt. 
Aml» in fupport of thefe cxtraonlinary 
fofkmsf they have a fet of as extraor- 

ofthei^tmoKrofdie^^f — Iproteft I 
have ftated this point as fairly as I can 3 
and I do (blemn^ avfcr, that I lliink it 
the duty of every frifend to the admini^ 
ftrationy to give the aigimients of the 
fiUtkefmients their utmbfl weigjit ; be- 

imnaiy eajumems at their fingers ends: cauie it is their intereft that the peof^ 
which, if they can make any real im- flioaki fee things trmfy as they axe, and 

preiRon on the minds of men, I fhall 
Only fiiv, that fuch minds mtift be of 
as ^xtrioidinafy a mak$ as the argu- 
memts by which they are govermdi 
fince they aire certainly fuch as no un- 

not have them repiefented 16 than in 

That his CatMck Mm^ difpofi- 

tion to do mjt^ke, flioald be converted 

into a caule for nuiking of luor upon 
pejudic^inanGanpo&blyberf;/&tf»<'^^ 1^ is 1^ rooft of the airaneats of 
Dy, or ier xny/erce 01 j as I (hdl pre- this party, tmv and arch, but at die 
iaitly prove. But, in the mean time, &me time h^ and inemukfive, Xhd* 
I cadQot help &yin^ that I fee, with our 'merchant (hips were taken by^ the 
mat oonoem, thoie, who have been ^^/V^Srunjuilly, and of confequence 
kboorin^ not only with diligence, but contraiy to our treaties with the King of 
fuooefs, m the Jermice of their cmmtrj^^ ^pasfiy yet they were not taken without 

i>retence: an^ therefore;^ when the in- 
uflice was d^lcovered, and his Catb^r 
lick ^jejfy appeared ready to make ia« 
^s&dtion for what was paft, and to pnn 
" fuch sRrV^ik'^ for die^^MKrifi 

mnil confole themfdves with the old 
refle^on, That nothing is more Srrffr^- 
^, nothifMf more n^le^ than to Cbgood, 
and to fu&r reproach for doing gwi. 

At the head of their gt^imdf for 
ffrunAlingj fbuids this whimiicaldemandi 
9»»» it appears iy the King (f Spain*/ 
fitpakxting fir the indemmfieatim ef oair 
if^ured merchants, that they <were realfy 
injured, *wky did not oar fle^t proceed im- 
neiSateif to hofUlities f Here Was a jufl 
eauje far ^ari the nation expected It 3 
a pSian cooperations had been printed in 
ititGrafifinani the «ir^^r;( had been at 
' a great expence\ all tnines were in a rea* 

we fhould certainly have violated oor 
treaties, and even theibw of naHone ^ if 
we had commenced a tvar. Beftdes^ 
if the malecontenft themfelves liad been 
in the minifiy, I haye the cluurity to 
believe thc^ would not Vy^ 4one it| 
becaufe fuch a proceedii^ would have 
been not only in^opfiffcent with, bat ab^ 
folutely repugnant to the ^dareffes'of 
hox)\HouftscA Parliament i which, with 

dmefs; there was nothing wanung bat alld9efi3>miffiontothofeingenioiis 
courage in the minifiy, to revive the anthoritatiyewrtf^r/, I taketo be oiore 
{;loryofthe^rt/9^name, byonoeagain expreffiveof diey^of theM»^ tion 

invading the Span^ territories, burning 
their Jea-ports, de&roymg their ncn/af 
power, aiM leaving them utterly inca- 
pacitated to give us further troubie. 
Tl^is would Imve been truly heroick } 
this would have raifed tJtM reptttation of 
OVLT government i diis would have ftrddc 
tenor A^fwi4 suid haye given general 
lati^iaion at home. But this 
tunity has been dipt: OarJUeet, wJ 

eittier the Cnfijman or €ommon Smje^, 
But fuppofe we hada£led in die mjanner 
the maifcontents dieiire; fuppefe we had 
hnmt, pkmdkr*di and deftrofdtXL enemy^s < 
country: mufl we have made <«m9- for 
everP No^ certainly} even the ntaie^ 
conteifts would not have cgcpefted that. 
Well then! y» befl end it couki have 
had would have been an hmioarMr 
peace, in all pcobability, withoot^^ 

might rain ^edn, hath been a meit faSion to X&t h^nred merchants: foc^ 

fadflck /eeti and, for all that it has d^ertl^^^iMr^iinfr would not have haa 

done at Firf-ilirAMr, might as well have it in their power after a cwr/bmmr <^^ 

lode at Spitheadk After this, what is or fome inakemtm mtn^wipit hxvt 

to be fxpeaedP what moeight will this Jgt.eci by vjv^.^;v iv. made 

U^eekly ESSjTS in 

^nitxbcmMhrubt treaty, and valueii 
tfaemielfo tnxm fiiving the bkod and 
«ra09f of me natmt, and on the re- 
9aattt%femet to Eurvfe. So tha^ a- 
kiBg Smies in this lif^ it iscer^unly 
asfKflasit is. The nation in general 
iBtban iMOMroM ^a€r, and a parti- 
cabr 6ti$iaQion is alio ftipolated for 
thcmerehanttj and this without run- 
UBgany.riiqiie, and wi^ioiit the h- 
Vfpa% the peopk with a Jeriti of tx* 
/MMatr, toe neoeffiiy codequences of 
or ownmnyir^ hfiiBtiet. There is 
lot thereiixre die leafl canfe for calling 
kfieftkn the oounge of the mtnftryi 
bat there is abundant reafon for ap- 
ifaidioff tbewifibm^ moderation^ and 
Bny weds of his Mt^tftfs amncik, 
laimer idgds fxa Jkets hscve/mgl^t 
fid have imfurtd^ and yet the nation 
l»k obtained Mfi^uv: In the preient» 
onjket^ withoat ^;htin|g» hath ob* 
tained matt tkaaivi^ofy coM h^re 
niea osv WhOe die Hrror of the Eftg* 
|0 /ettjondo this> let it ride at S^'t- 
huuiy9i2i3^Port'MaJlm. Andas&rthe 
«^ht.of Gnmr. Britain abroad^ I dare 
anfwer fiar the oiimnf/iratim^ that they 
will never defire more finom the maie- 
amtms^ dian that their cMdniff was as 
weO icgylated at Jbme, Oox/eet is al- 
ms in a oondidon to do vaJH/lice with 
ic^cft to oar neiglAours, (o that the 
hmm" of the crcwn indll be alwa^^ 
iMc; bot theZf»r>|r of his Majefif^ go- 
venmicnt hath not» I Gonfeu» had fo 
md an ejft£t upon all ^faije^t : tho* 
I do not donbt bot a time will come» 
tkat the Jbemetr of the iS^nt;/. will be as 
wcH provided fbr, as die Affumr of the 
J^i whichiivas never carried higher 

Amher worthy ren^ ofierod to the 
people to pievent the^ affrvinng what 
5&cy ooght to tffUmi, is» That Spain 
is moch irftrior m ^9t«^ to us ; that, 
a die Wjfi'huHes efpecially^ the fub^ 
jeds of the Brit^ crown m^ht have 
been ^f^skify enriched by a *war ; that 
emi m iurofe extraordinary things 
ai^lM have been done, whole fr^vincei 
iwit have b^en added CO our i^wfff^^ 
andadl thefe. great things might have 
Wn perfinned by a naval armament 

FEBRUARY 1739; 57 

. Thisaigpmentisnotalccgethef ooQ- 
fiilent win the former s finoe it ind*« 
mates, thatthezedpf forae|peoDleAir 
<Z4^ is not ib much founded m die ju^ 
iliceof tJa^camfe, as in the pft^ia^ 
of Jitccefi, A vay hopeful princi|^ 
this^ and worthy thofe whoe^wofe it f 
Butj taking it for granled» (as iodised 
there is no way cd aiguing with the 
maiecontentSf if you do not tuce all they 
iay for granted;} would a «ti«r fe u>- 
parently uneoual, haye been moch toe 
thchonaax of Great Britaimf wouldit 
not have betrayed a fpirit of am^im^ 
not to iny of rafinef would it not haye 
exhaufted the <»^i of the wiMr, to fill 
thofe of frhate menf would zjoj con- 
qneft that we could have made» have 
proved of any realhenA to this emm^ 
/i^^f Of) would they not have proved the 
ij^Xitcmitraryf Let the wifeft of the 
ituUechntents point out to us wheie this 
nation in general was a gainer by a «Mr^ 
or hYfiriign c^qmfis \ and thai it will 
be time enough to return them a more 
pardcukr an^n I would likewife be 
glad to know, whether the moft fiunoua 
fkaritime fvwers that h^ve flouriihed 
heretofore, wwre not uniom by ai^dng 
from that t^t with which thefe fa- 
triots would inflame their <»|K«6>yRira f 
And if this be To* I fhoukl be glad to 
underfUndj why we fhould not look 
upon them as fwanunzu rather than ex- 
tOHfkif Toallthjsfbeglcavetoaddy 
that we are a /ro^Vff jvtf/iiMr I that, we 
cany on a great ana a gainifiil tradi to 
Sfaiik J and that therefore it would be 
a little unnatural^ to cany on foch n 
war in fiivour of ^trade as fhould de- 
ftroyit. Asitis,wefhallhaveafliaie 
in the Spdni/b'weHkb through the inJa- 
ftty of OQS peofk^ and the <iv^ifamr of our 
mercbantt t In another way^ wt fhould 
only haye a chance for it fnnn the wet 
ana extravagances of our frivateers. 
Odthewhoki Jcondude, tWt admit- 
ting we are much more powerful than 
the Spaniards f theconduttof themini- 
fby hath been fuitable to what might 
hate been expedted from a irave and 
generis people: ■ whereas the condu£t the 
tHaiecontents recommended^ would have 

5« rf^iekly ESSATS in 

ThtiUfifilmAla/l ainammt «ii which 
thefe Gendtmen infift u» theexpedin- 
Cy of havixig prooored a/TATfy nther by 
thafiijmi the Spdmimtdt than by u^tH- 
atimg with th«n : beauiie d»re is no 
tromi^ to their h-e^ies ; becaofe thejr 
have hettloibre/miRf^^af much 41 they 
«an do naWf and becaufe there can be 
l^JtmritfOf thtn keeping their imNEr 
better for the fitmv, than they have 
done in tHnes Mi: So that the beft 
peace that can be made, will be no more 
than a tfmforaty expedifnt^ which in a 
ihort time will requiie either new neg^ 
tutH&tUy Of new umuufnifti* 

In oeder to faiy any foundation for thit 
ftring of extraordinary rtafins^ thofo 
^Irho nuke de of them ought to have 
ftmmn^Mi That treating our neigh*- 
boun iUy 18 the way to make them treat 
ns muiUi uAy fiamdfyy That amoi^ 
politicians^ it has been accoimtad jjuM^ 
never to pafff by an injury y or to niuuce 
ii|> a Mftrinety Without biaiing thofe 
with whom we have differed. Now I 
do oonoeivey that neither of theie can 
be proved. As to the Spanismlsy wc^ 
have heretofore ifka them 1 and, if I 
am not mifhJcen, the ffimlecmiNnts them- 
foives have aUowed» that all iU-will to- 
waitb us, hath proceeded from thencei 
which does not make it very probable, 
diat hioHng them again would make 
them wafhiitub : tlMugh it is univer- 
ially allowed, that being /riendt with 
us, is both Mr interefl ami thnrs. On 
the other hand, if a man, who is no 
f9iemy to the gotfemmtnty may pretend 
to rtMdingy I will ventttit to amnn, that 
thereare the befl attfiforitiej in die world 
againft this doarine. Xentfljon kys it 
downasarukinhisGrvfihiftory, That 
a njuife feopk imll no^ ^age in a 'war^ 
mt M tkerejhuld he important rtafant 
fir jo doing. And Cicero obferves, that 
there is a mesfure to be kept in our 
revenge and4inr ponifhmentsi ami 1 
know nfi, iays he, wbitber an ofendtr*s 
repentance be mot a fitgieieni faiisfoBim. 
And as to the manner in which we have 
obtained peace, PUn^y in the 7th efMfUe 
to his 2d book, (ays, He 'vanatifljed them 
iy the terror of bis armj, nvbicb is of all 
ttkert the mofi gruceful kind of ^^Oory^ 

FEBRUARY 173^. , 

Books aic ftithfti f^ ^wifiJif ^ 
and /iqfir; nd whatew 
pearad jofl «ad honomahfe to the/M 
^aniifitkyt muft be juft and Wmtrnm 
now: for as things never changB thd 
JMflw, fo it is not probabb that foci 
j w%ea cooU be MjCeM in then* iiaturi 
Farther ftiU, we have now a certai 
/i^^QiMw ftipokted* whkhwenevi 
huAbe/ore*, and this greatly varies tfa 
cafe, becaufe it is a p tecede n t foe item 
tocme, Bsfidea, they will not now fa 
fo leady to break treaties^ wlwn ihm 
are fore to pay for them ; as the^ wil 
alfo be left vnxk fower fretmees wiM 
thofe negotiaiiom are oondudad^ tk 
which a limited time Is fetded. 
m^ht add mai^ things to what I lutvi 
alrady advanced; but I do notdefin 
either to tire the fatieftce of the rwoAr 
or to tre^pafs upon it in another y^ay^ 
by entring minutely into all the ftoriei 
that have been told, in order to infls< 
enoe themindsof thepeojple, andgivv 
them wrong nodons or things: I aim 
onlv at maung things dear on one fidi^ 
ana not at bbckening the other. 

The fame prudential reafons hindei 
me ffom entnng into an enfsify aftn 
the /nvr motives to this ftrong ckfire ll 
<ivar,exp]rfled bv the makcontents § thd 
I am perfuadea it wouki be no h|d 
matter to fnd oat and to eM/i them 
I will content mvfelf with favii^ th 
people ou^ht to have a care how the| 
listen to fuch fuggeftions fiom toy fof' 
hy becaufe they have in this reipei 
been often decehred already. In t 
reign of K. IVilHamy a certain fmBi 
im^CMchtd the Earl oi Portland, L 
£flM«ri, and the- refl of the miniiby, i 
making the Partition treaties i and I 
veiy fame faSiony in the htter end- 
the Siyttn^s reigny valued thesifclve$ 
making anotter treaty, which was 
perfeft tranfcript of thcMfe thev hadi 
fore condemned, Henoe it is plain, tl 
fuch as make it their bofinefs to 
pofe an adnnniflrathn, do not ooidU 
publick afBurs with a view to the 
vice of the fmhlicky bat with a 
their frivate intereft: to which 
'wat 18 necefbry, they will> wit] 

Digitized by VJV,J'i_^V IV. 

meify E^SAn hi ^EBRUAftV 1739. 59 

Jtttty,]WBBgc tbefir oomtry mto it^ and 
letrefaertaeetoiit asihecan; having 
thb exa^ 3wscy9 at Kand, 9]IW tiejf 

mnr art»^m<yr ; and thb notwidifbknl- 
jof it was Ox umr injon frifat iit^, 

i wffl dofe thid paper with humbly 
I tt i ea tiag my readet^ to take notiot, 
Aatlhav^^sferdn kepttlolelx to€ie 
famf lA dt^e : I have not wanderM in- 
to pofooalj/^ifv or alfedfced diffrjfwns% 
f iBte not introduced Mrik/ fA*wii, ot 
pahntftrAsofruiiailei ta^'kttppeo* 
fir from att e nd ing die aaat « /i^^/ of 
WfyAfamrje { but I have exerdfed the 
Aeitjr or a trw Sritm, by (peaking 
sy tbong^ts ueeiy on matters of the 
>gkfl. impartanee totveryBritw, And 

yWieft m^ortoHCff to tvtry SntoH, And 
iSope, that what I have advanced, 
«i! not be the worfe received becaufe 
it is not a Utfan the odmniflraHoH ; 
bat that every man will give it a fair 
and equal hearing, and dacide upon it 
as his go$d &nje direds, and not ad he 
h mfloenced i^ 

fbe Univerfid Speaator, Feb.' 3. 

Contains an addrefs to the Gentle- 
men in the pit, (the feat of cri- 
ticilm in the theatres) advifing them to 
fet about a thorou^ reformation of the 
StM; which, he biys, ought to be the 
ponick ichool of molality, and not a 
fface §ai the exhibition cX buf&oniy 
aadkgeidemain. He tells them, that a 
kind of rude interludes obtained firft in 
Ea|^id in the reign of Edward IV. 
which were reprefenttd by boys in inns, 
fSt. Markw being the firft celebrated 
afibr, and Shakefpcar the firfl: poet who 
cAedthepoblick attention, by the pro- 
dnons feoe of his natural genius: to 
mich Ben Johnfbn added art; and 
Reedier, grace, cafe and delicacy : Tho' 
the Stage aajuired its magnificence of 
faaery, diefs, and other decorations, 
after the reftoration. The corruption 
wliich fbon followed he very jufliy at- 
ttibiites to the extravagancies of' Mr. 
Bryden; and affigns, though I cannot 

felf time to itifea a little, he would 
have found that many continue to be 
yet t£boi with confiderable applaufe, aa 
Oroondco, Cs^r. — He conciudes thus t 
'^ In a word^ Gentlemen^ the Stsg?» 
''properly regukted, is the noblefl 
'^ Ichool m the world ; no cfaarader is 
'* too high or too low to e^pe its no- 
^ tice, no vice or foQy &ved fiom itt 
** rebike^ no virtue above its praife.** 

WfiilCLYMlSCBtLANT, Frf. J. 

Jh nifiirf hUQ the naiurt and legal camfi 
If bimorciu 

ILL. Wrtafrr- 

^T^H £ general invitation which you 

_. have given, and the good exam' 
pie yott have proposed to all weli-di('«> 
pofed g^us's to appear under vour 
oanner, in the caufe of rriigion ana vir*- 
tne, have encouraged * me to ofier to 
you aivd your readers a few loofe and 
u nc on nefted refle^ons, on an a&ir 
his fnwUe inUrtft or which, I think, very properly fidk un- 
der the defign of vour paper. A re- 
port has reach*d this pm of the king- 
dom, but I hope altogether without 
IbundatkMi, that fevenl Divorces 
are now in agitation in fome very con- 
fiderable families. The number of 
thefe, if we are to give credit to tom^^ 
mon fame, is fo great, that there is too 
much reafon to apprehend veiy melan- 
choly and extenfive cotifequences, and 
to feu* that this, like too many other 
polite evils, will become fafhionable 
and epidemical. 

* Theoriginal defsgn of Divorces was, 
to diffi>lve the marriage -contraft in' 
fbme flagrant and notorious cafes, jpar- 
ticularly where the principal tonditions 
of marriage had on either iide been vio- 
lated and infringed. Some are of opi- 
nion that it was firfl granted, not for 
the mak fex, but for the releafe of 
difbefsM nxn^s from the trqi^chery or 
tyranny of lewd or imperious huAands. 
Theodofius and Valentinian^ Chriftian 
Emperors of Rome, gi^e huffaands a 
liberty in feme cafes to repudiate their 
fecfor wkit reafon, the difrefutation of wives upon ftrong fufpicion only, with- 
tn^-comedies -to the writings of Mr. out any proof oT actual crimes. A^ 
AfiWifon; whcrwi| had be given him-- v . %;x^z,6t.i-^xjxj'^^mffa^ .. 

6o tfTeekty SSSATS in FEBiftUARY 1739^ 

lewBf tbe piitks 

xnongft die aoctent ^ 
diemielves weie the 
qccafton and oeaToDaUeneij on)ivorce : 
they oalf wrote a hill, which was j;p 
fie atteiled by fome R^biiu,.or wit* 
r^OssoiwUfi, to prevc&tall difpumin 
:va affiiir qf fa^ ocmict^uenc?. Alaw 
thus looie and iad^temuiiajpe was liaUt' 

oapricioiis pr licentipus , t|;mper | aad 
there could^ t thinks be fxnall fecurity 
and^ifitenpe of a fBUlq^ ^ laAipg 
union, where a feparatipn was To ready 
at. hand upon every trivial di(agree* 
ment . Our Saviour, la one of hit con- 
ferences with the inquiiitiw Jewi, liants 


^nliiltitd^ aadtniD 
^ poblkkly and 


\\fik]d toBtfaer, withottt any other 
{p^o£ Stiih^'iaOf ftt^amcMvte ^ 
toBoc ipe^y iftftliod of ibpai^^tioni 
Here too^^ve me lea^ve to^obfervt,. tlifl 
the a^ftions of each nwr coo prdMibl; 
be^pfV'^iVa^B^ ^ difi^rea^ nhjo^^a 
ajad ch^t nwnangtji \^Mre it canoot . b 
avoided with the ooiirent and aypoGO 
bj^uionoffrimby is entered opoii omL 
af a .fiiendly. e9^di«pt fb^ the ^pE^tia 
cat^of ^cr^aUmd ft^SioA with ^ 
gp^rft(n^y;^fecaaiy» Ifintrii^ 
of thi» natiife omtinae cpi^oeaWd, ik|] 
th^ divert theaffeftiofk^pop kt pio|pc 

afid molars dm their iBdetenpiniee\ cbj^Qi if difopveicdi they eitM: an 

law, aad cottfiocs the r ca fawh leo p fs aad tfockice oiqfofioaiu^j miiery into a. fii 

legillty of Divorce onj^ (o t|iQ viola* mil/, or ^ in^t^ indclil^k ua^idsd 

tioAofthemaHaag^-Wln OurCiAOii aad perpotiial fepai«cion<^th« lu^bap 

lawrit««aUyadhci)^«>t)usi>QftnaiQ«i p^ p;irti«s» aivl qp9i « Wittier i^M o 

rvoc withoiM nuay ob|e£^KNis fron Jomo 
writein; a^ pa y tkubrly bofff^ Mr. 
Milton, who lays down, xfaay other 
cafes ifi/heieio a DiwroB t^zy be ym 
leaibnable^ j^ aad necciffiuy* I wul 

vice apd difibli^tiQii, 

Secondly, let it be omfiderDd, ^«Hp 
remarkahly the pitvailjQg and £dhiQi% 
a)rie debi?ichfii^ ^^Smt afgf 
contribute to this lamentable AMS^ Aj^ 

not prefi^ |p degfie in this oontPOiir- tempts upon challity are by one iex e- 
v€rfy, cr topntoibewhat^oiief nwy. ftf9eflfd'iMutoofimek«aiBAgeiui»ttc 
bje adnu^<a3 a iu^iickii^ plm either 
for the {ittng oat^ oi; fo: tl^ gra|^g.a 
1^1 dm^httloo of tl^ maoiag^-coA- 
tx^h J»y prefer d<^ ifr ^ <>^ 
f^^iKie very p]aiA*aiid obvsDUs rrfleftions 
' to the jpn^rrM 8U)d um^kurried of each 
{fx^ in order ta poevent any ruptovei 
of thi3 kind, and to reftniia every iiv- 
cjh^tion of fuch Ad aod perniciooa 
tendency. The thoughts which I woidd 
oier toihe pabhcky are fachas wiUtmi- 
t^ally ahfe i^ thie breaf^ cyf eyqy be.* 
n^volent peribn on fuch an occidioa : 
zfk^ tho* they are too oftc^ paiied o¥er 
with col^ieis and inattentiooy merely 
b^caufe tjacy are obvious and eafy ; yet, 
I. believv?^ were ibcy duly weighed, they 
might prevent Eumy vuAreS^ ill ^oa« 
fecju^icea which, too often attend the 
married condition. 
, Firft, thenjet it be ^nfidered, wJk- 
ther matches o(^ hm ir^fffiei and kargam 
do not too evidiently lead this way. la 
the£s caieSj the indioation or averfion, 
the harmony or di&greement of tern- 
pfr ia the parties princj^Uy concerned. 

fpiriti 9ivl they are tfo^ft«ni 
by thepther a« aodW more thaa pi 
l^try and SDod-breofog. WhenDcii| 
pie iwe accataa^d the^ iin^j 
Qoav«i<atiQa, aod cam vvaMC; f^ 
bpldly iKi th? very otmoft limifiB oif t|q 
tue^ it is toa eafy fcr them fie pa6 ««|| 
thebouadsv and to a£i without aay vg 
lodanoe^ what they have tiJfeea ^ 
wicfaoai dwe deieflatm a«|i ahhonawaji 
As aa amidote ag^unft chift t«o pawcif 
and oaitagi^as ev4 I wi^utd wool m| 
tfad^rs 10 avoid aU libevtie^ aod tmm 
ptatioM of this kind. Imqfttakedjl 
tifeipdom here. ^ n^atioQ oae lavoqii 
diverfiQn {Ma/fmr^l <£ the oewi 
in whikh virtue and friii|^aio dq^hr 
of their laft re&ge« Aame; whiqh « 
ftraii9 many within (ho boiiads .ol" 4 
ceocy, after they hsive broken thipai 
the ties ^f prin(4)le and ce afe iegiei 
Ifeiv ienmodefty aid «Sl^ninn;gNm "M 
take their otmoft fwiiig without 
publick Vjik of reptttatieat thfagi 
ahuJ the c&Oi «f th«m wy fCfh^N 

UigiiizeclbyV'V^-^Xl . ,. . - I 

Weekfy lESSJrS in •pEBRtJARY 1739. «i 

te fc to fc aa iiil, wtge fc i»«r c 4«aiitf pofition on die xidiar. Extfavagance 

4hcy §nM iavv been nciter knowtt. and indoJenos may indeed cDDfuine 

.Anaftikis teal fiaie I wpaU palti- the mo£k plentiful fortune ; yet may 

«WDif cnctatfaeiicedicfiaadttniMI- timely caution and frugality niie again 

^, M fwH^M aguuft cveiy the kafi a finkiie fimily, or conaud a imich 

-mkSck flMty emboklen the finalkr income with happlnefs and re- 

rf ftdilDan, er give anv twtation. A continued converfation may 

-— ^^^I^ADdfytothofe "brfag to light many amiable and endcar- 

4ifo«i^ m* iKMMbe uiked to thfifli 
irlife^ I ^ itfc nmctei tbis to en- 
,CMap awsy lUMfcni «f t ftt^idooB 
ntdi tettoiiii!rtvtba£gwat|irudeiict 
andcaatiovmiVM epcb £de 


t HKnfU be fbmm to a ftColi 

!■ ■EBBnU van JWWIWIUnBm 

ifnovieacifale f en fbv oAer ban4 

* to tlK' MU oi^JsCuiioM of the 
•My* arikl • ifltolatb^ tQikory wboift 
aR>i|tlOK niwienangy am too leaoy 
Hfvni$Kt99 C9ctf ciicflDiftaiioey which 
Boefeto hisvillafKHift inten^ 
Aa^ kltty» kt me again ob^ 

ing qu^itie;, which caprice or pieju- 
ttce had lor fome time overlooked ; and 
the geneitms fbrgivenefs of offences oh 
eacB, or *n cither fide, may kihdk up 
k real and laitingaffefBon^ and reunite 
of lit- hieartswhidi havel)een lohg unhappi- 

ly divided. , Let the" lively tranfpbrtB 
of fuch a change and refbrmation ^eak 
for tlieinfelves : diey u^t np ar^menti 
of mine to fecommend them. 

As fcr Diiarcif whatever necelRtv 
there may be for it, (and neccflity Aeit 
mat be jor it, if plain Akltrry appears^ 
imo the injured perfons can ftt no hopes 
w reRMrmation, or cannot poflibly re« 

_*4« W.F- ooncile themfelve?, after fuch injury, 
paity CM be too tD the duti^ cf the married ftate,) I 
of entertaini^ or p^ cannot lefleft upon it without the u^ 
V "w;^^*'itf^^^ to fnfipicion ) wkftdi^ tW ftioft regret. Axid, thD* I am myfelf ^ 
MBMHwcRMBOKnyltttk tooolteii gtvoli nBgle peneOy I cannot but butient the 
1^ irft incfJaaciDM towards Separa^^ in^itable fcandal whith fomanyun 
and Drvmce. 

Give me leave now to recommend 
it to tlK'nuA ilMtttkl uid' ferious 
CBofidenitjon of all tkife who have 
]QCB*d thcmfelvea by folemn and pu- 
llick oonferaA,in the fi^ktof God and 
man, diat ev^ry 
tfte mp ced, before 

fthnBgd^ftriaattdiacredtmicm. 1£ 
Ail valiappy cafe, the peace, tkt ns 
fBiifMin, dsd b^ tke teaipoid and 
dennA w^6re of CKk part^ aie emi* 

ibrtttnatediviiions moft bring tftx)n mar- 
Hage,and die evil precedent which lYncf 
will give to the caprice of untradabib 
and peeviih dilpc^tknis, to that ficenti- 
oofrtrawhichdaily contributes fp large- 

hrtothe in^reafe of private mifciy, and 

it fhould be K> the gfeat prejodioe tf the puUlck, 
think of dif- I doubt not, Mr. H<fthr^ but jroflff con- 
ten upon this melandwiy report, which 
lb evidently inipeaehes tncmorality and 
Migion of thii nation in gfcnetal, is verr 
fincerd and ailbftionate. ' But I hope it 
it inchxies, in it# wiH not incHne you to be too partial 
influeate, friends, fdbitioRtf tb this rhapfbdy of minfe f whkh, I do 
wlu>a]t ^uftdepriv*>dof iflure yoo, I cannot thmk worthy of a 
_ _JkAiaA of tkeir patents,' place in your paper, \a^e<s y6u think it 
dMt happy jnitiati^n in the may poffibly put odiers in tnmd of im* 
poorinl ^tks of virtue and religion, provwfg i^n this attempt of 
nhkii stty kad Ikem to a better for- .^^. , , , c^^, 

tmecbtti dait of tkeir ipihapp^oaient*. <^ humbk Jtr^uaut, 

liradHKSfealidgoodtenpercanolttnpiPo- Andemfiant rtatkr^ 

camkam^neiatfren in forced matches f 

adatttarecandwdl-timMcompliance Piiilocamos^ 

ontke one fide, ooi Mtefi andconrea -^ 

^ tnoft |)crycri^ and ot>ftinat? dif- K ^^^^^^.^ ni 

62 mekfy ESSATS in FEBRUARY 1739. 

f^CiTizm, N't. 
Or, Thi <weikfy converfatum rf a JoeUiy 

of Lmdm Merchants on frtuk and 

other Pubiick Affairs. 

To be continued every frUof. 
^/''r^IS fo njitund to expsft ibme 

X ftreagth and fpirit in the ict- 
ting oat of a paper, even though it 
ihould grov^ lamiid afterwards* that we 
did not doubt S, finding the venerable 
lume of Citixtn begin with an eflay 
worthy the attention of our leaden i 
but are obliged to acquaint them, that 
this fitft paper ofei nothing relating 
to trade or other pubiick a&irs but 
what has lately been prefented the pu- 
biick by other writers in a much more 
awakening manner. — But, left the fub- 
iequent Citizens mvyhafpen to be worth 
MTufal, we jud^ it necef&iy to nve 
fiich aaidea of that part of the prdksnt 
paper, relating to (he defcription of the 
Zomfar Merebants conftituting this ibci^ 
cty, as maybe foffident to make any 
future mention of them intelligible. 

The writer of the paper aiFures us 
be was born and bred a plain CiHseen arijef to wkch tnenuiUeh all ^ 
of London; and having ferved half of jnfike\ being mncb more defiremt t§ Bp* 

tbanJjjmd, m noted tmder to Kei 
Eng^nd; Mr. C/r«rA, an Attorneys 13 
mldman, and Coonielkir PJeaehu^A 
xuilmdffortbji,Ut. Frwebtm and M 
midm, the laft two memfacn of d 
Houfe of Commons have pwwni frrf 
oomefometimestovifitdien.^ The 
places and times of mattings it feen 
are in their own power to appoint. Ai 
thb writer idbrmt OS, that they hav 
in order to' watch oorpnblidc tufievei 
more narrovrihr, reoonuneaded to cac 
other the readbg of the Arsmr J^Sroni 
— *j# $eiemmendmtm mm emU /ceoncm 
fimpofrfiubmeninmedofi >r, fim 
Uentimmn ivb$ have mi atteatiem tm rn t^ 
UfAHiktraafMmmH read tie Nemm 
undertaiings of SocitTi%9. We Jbaeei 
be glad te^^ak mare fmmmraUf efihis 
bat canmt be^ declaring k fiheem^uria 
the beand^ introdnSma ofaayfitr sfAoa» 
tbiftf years, Jmwe^fer% as mere frmm^^i^ 
wuriters have often dimadled jnta netms^j 
tvbohmwsbnt from this MMhAHCUox^it 
CiTiZBN Jome more Hvelf ejfeys 

bis apprenticefliip to^a Turic^ mer- 
chant in London, and the remamder in 
his (aid mailer's fervioe in Smvma, he 
fpeot fome time in Fiance on the most 
polite parts of education, {I knofw net 
bonu he can nvell include this in the breed- 
Mry" a plain citizen) which enaUed 
lum to fitprat his fliare of converia- 
tion in the beft company with a decent 
cfteem: And&ys, that his averfion to 
all kinds of confaaint, p re v e n ted his 
meetii^ a( ddih and nunkfy ckbs to 
fmoke and drink a^vay the time, &r. 
wherefore he chofe a fingle lile, that 
he mighticrvehisQountiyi but, ashe 
couM no( hope to do it without Ibrm- 
ii^ a fociety far improvement, he em-f 
ployed hifflfelf to nnd out perions^fi^ 
for that purpoie. The firft he met vadi 
was Mrt Goodfelhwy a Spanifh mer- 
chajit; the next, Mr. Lant^ an Eaft- 
country merchant, who deals to Rnffia, 
Sweden, and Denmark : to whom they 
added, Mr. Wefly a Barbadoes merchant; 
fiAKi/iy^W, a Virginia fa£br; Jena- 

[vove than te condemn. 
• '» * 
Craptsiiah, Feb, to. 

Contirthation of Conjiderathns upon ila 
danger of a Standing Armf \ ou&fift 
Remarks on the Militia^ and the GamA 
laws, J 

IT is &r from my defon to inftmstfl 
that we ooffht not to Keep up a jftsi 
and an ofwf , tor llie pioteftiim of cm 
i^4M^ aad OUT defimce agftinft/irnpr J 
nemie^' — Let the farmer be as mnMi 
roue and powerful as can be reaToaahl 
defoed, aocofxiii^ to the exjeen 
t)ie times; zxAm^traa E^gb/Sem 
grumble at the MOKv; profvided, 
given, it is hooefliy, fn^gally, ind vigo 
roufiy apfdied.— But ^landjaxe, i 
^soKoi peace, bcinganinnovatkttofi 
late4a|e> andof noufebutlocorbA 
people, itoughttobeasmodenlteaspoC 
iible ; efpeoaily at this time; not ed^ 
fqx the fake of our Sbertksy which m 

• ■' Digitized by VJV,iV,/V"t' * ^'9* 


mekfy ES SATS in TE^RVARY 

dbmgered hy it» bat. likewife 

rof theexpenceof nfiuntam- 
iog ibdi a large nnmber of forces: for 
thowfciieliaTe been m a Ifaite of pio- 
ftmapettcedxyve.twaitv years, as the 
tf0fn«fc«rii«rj acknovi^ec^ and boaft ; 
jet iris too ivdi kncrwn and Mt, that 
veaneftill burthenedwithaaumiienie 
load of ^Mf, a mnit^ficity of heav^ 
Anv, luid icveral otter grieranoeSy 
Ml of a fmt^ and thmeptck w^turt. 
. ft b mecr £B«e to tell ns, that the 
miBiia oiOBOt be made uiefbl mw^ as 
iidl as mfirmirthms, at a much cheap- 
crfate to tbcfmUck, and iafinitdy more 
&r the pnpiierTation of omr /ti«rry«f y than 
iwmxauuy, JiiouSng armf intiiely un- 
der the command and difpo&I of the 
a9vom ; though the ctowh is fo £ur fropi 
wing any tung towards the expence 
Qt it, that it is a confiderable gainer in 
/euera/ particular s^ wbich I need not 
BotMa at prefent. 

Bat, isteui of anv attempt to make 
the vdiMa ferviceabie, for theie good 
cadi, they are indufinoofly depreciated, 
cnofed to paUick fcom,. and render'd 
anblatelx imdeful to the people.*- 
ns hath been often explained, in the 
coorfe of tliele papers, as well as in 
aiach better writings ; but there is ow 
pmaf, not quite new indeed, but whatl 
me never yet mentioned myielf, upon 
this (idifea ; and that is, the Game- 
laws; which have in effed diiann*d 
an die common people in Etn'lanil, un- 
der lOQ I a- year in landed eftates, ex- 
^tfaefervamtsof NoUemen andGen- 
dencn, who are lardf of mamrs. 

I hav« now before mea tieattfe, writ- 
Is fbon after the fwakriar, and by a 
aakras advocate for it ; in which, a« 
ntigft otherthii^ the confeqaenoet 
«f thefe G^am-lanm axe fully oonfidered ; 
and therefore, to avoid the imputation 
«f fingdaxity, I chafe (o make ufe of 
dntaathar^s argomfentft. rather than my 

own: botastl^arefeoocircavaftantial heretofore. But then the making and 
ad diffiis'd for loch a paper as' this, my ufing f^Jbot^ as tbe/tinr author obferves, 
iMers mnft accept ot a fhort abftrad may be either prdubited to the ^Mnir 
Ifthem, inftead of areolar qootatioii. Jortofpeopk^ or brought under as kn&, 
- Jkcording to theamentlaw of Eagr k^lations as the crojs-hmv then was. 
lam^.9& he obferves» the ^wbok naHm '^But, however this may be, what m- 
i|«Uiged to bear arms, excepting only ug, zeciby^-.i^7^/gi^ fo» 

the i&oMMVw^iSr /n^«f ^/itf iSsR^ and the 
rtwriwd ckr^ : tor proof of which he 
cites the ftatute of the 3 3 . tiiHen, VIII. 
cap. 9. as the centre of all former laws 
nuude on the fame occafion, and then 
unrepealed ; as I think it is at prefent. 

fi^ this law it is enaAed, That aD 
perfons fhall be rcgularty inftrufled, e- 
venin their tender years, in the de of 
imw, which were then in fofhiotts that 
is, the img-iow and arrtmts : and that 
all pareutj aad mafiers, fhall prorkk 
their ebiUm ToAjervamts with the ne- 
^effarv arms, and oblige them to exer- 
dfe tnem at ftated times. - . 

The maniieft defign.of this aS was^ 
to arm and difcipline the.««Mr htdf rf 
the M^» for their own defence ; and 
theremre, as mf author obfervei, waa 
not look'd upon as z final laivi\ but a 
confirmation of their ancient- frivikge % 
£noe it appears, by the fbUowmgdaufe; 
inthe^mrd^, that it is confined to the 
Ktufr^s natural bcmfabfeBjf in exdnfioii 

of sOl fireigntrs, nwc " That no 

** manner of poribn, not being .bom 
^ within the Juw'/ oteffima^ or made 
** denifon, fhaU i2e, within the King's 
** ob^Janctf fhooting with bng-bvws:, 
" wittioat the Ajfii|f*s licence, on pain of 
** forfeiting fuch . howsf arrows^ and 
^Jbt^s as they fhall bo* found fhooting 
** with ; and any of the Kings fuhftSt 
** may have authority to take and ieize 
'^ the fame forfeitures for their own ufe; 
'* mtiihma a warrant from a Justicb 
^ OF PiACE,arMVffy(imK'Aa/«CoN- 
** STABLE to hep tht peact hetnjoiin the 
** EvoLi5HUAvanJt%eFo%tiGH^iL.l^. 

It mufl be oonfefied, that crofs4ofws 
were forbidden b^ law, in thofetimes, 
for the prefervation <5f At game i but 
they trufted their game to the bng-iow^ 
as we may now do to the M|/(lr/ and ^i/* 
if/, without any dm^.'^ SmaU fiot^ 
indeed, are more dangerous to the i^aum 
now, than the Norman crofi-baw was 

64 fVieldy ESSATS U FEBRUARY 1739; 

fimcmbe^alk^edfWliyakfte^iKfiaii- Ifa fa ^ aieaiMlofafcir 

ia/cAm»e m «Kr orfi/fifry (hould deprive 
tilt fufitfEM^iamd, who MxetM^Mxi, 
bo/Ottil AtlGf^Madtbcnaim^ pf tke 
Cfoitx of 41 /kmr i^w, whkli ann*d 
Iwwliok utkm in ittoimdefcBoe )-ii^ 
May not the feafk be trailed to gtasd 
ihe.JSmg, tinar kmOards^ and ihim- 
/thmsf-^Canumy change ^ mUiUujf 
«iKf be fteded in bar to thenocoffiuy 
dcfenoeof tfa^nationf-^iUniMv, iiv- 
doedy oif bt not to be tnifled witb nuta* 
pm, fiotaiea whole peoi^e lobe do- 

they have fo often and To bravcty exert<- 
«i, in defeaoeof their Karg and amMtryf 
PaI waslbrneriy zj^^fimm myTdf, 
and took great deUght in it, I wodd 
aot be thra^tan advocate for poaching 
and fomcbmrsf nopcriy fo called. But 
fittd^ it4)Podd be nuich better fi>r as 
Ihat there wasnot a/AM^Gntfy a tmerM^r, 
eraa bony in tibe whole idngJom» than 
< thattfaayihonldbepafavedatthecx* 
, or to the iauninent haaard of our 

Beaoeyortotfieiaumnentliaaardofoiir JL ipeQalmistQctDQCt wbich tneun 
Mimtitsi. tho' it nB«ht be ea% proved; ftian^Kth labours under aawng »■ 
fkax,tb^UwuutU>bxtaB^fti£arviii Vte&nt^ that, wink the Spirit c^ 1)1 


lag, whofirftawasedatOdbid, aM 
got their aaao mm the eaa& netho 
which they at fiiftobfefv«d in thenM 
infignififlant adMi. -^Bir. WhileM 
.went toijoQ^ left ^winter, faBttedfai 
about letonung bsfeie he icachM Q 
bndaer» and lenuunM there no loan 
thantofeetiiB^onntfyi bdngehlJrii 
asbetellsusy toietomtothegreattt 
ftringof/iqH^vvifjrinEogMid^ thoag 
oar comipoBdent afitres us» thatlMa 
then ia not ib groat as befoe: - 

Wbiklt Miscbllaiit, M. 10. 

Remarks on the oihance rf EnthuSa^ 
in England y and of the danger tireot 
md by the Uheriies taken fy the Metk 
• diflsi 'with aM account of the catrof 
with which Mr, WhitefeU ajcem, 
a fulfit in Wefiwdnfier. 

Y T may jitfjr be ndcoB*d aaioBf th 
X fpedalnustoctDnes which thai 

ftian r • • ' • 

tberamoy that tjbey, have been ttiechid^ 
oan&of deploying it. — But chat is not 
my bu&wfi at prefent.^The only 
ttanglfliallacUis^ that the>nr ^iv; 
whidi.kills a ^artridge^ or an hare, may 
happen to kill a «M» I and, pcriups, 
tiiat may4)e one of the reasons fbr dif 
mmnff^fMlf, by«thefeaai,leilth^ 
fiiBida dp mikiuef. 

JV: B, Common Senfe of Feh, \a: 
isalfo,ulaatbefamtfubjea\ inwhic% 
pafer tmthij^ is sddtd totbe nseigbt of 
wbaf is Jdid in the foregoing. 

lonie. but untettled joilj,_ 

to diieAeem it, andthen lodil 

THE pHbbck attention of dwrcK beBeveit. On thii aooomrt I {"Cito 
lif^ people in England having the new .fea of the MkOhMfts ktfti 
about eighteen months ago been damn nien np amoag as daims our paftiai 

dolsly is openly attadclng t 

lab of all lel^km, theoppofiie ^ 
of Bntk^Jk (as if one eartrsme ha 
fac^ another) ihoold at tlie ftmetha 
revive with moft of the fimirfy^^M 
asi^ypearedapon itwfaen it dilma 
our unhappy country about aa handw 

|i:^ago. The.dh&r^4 mayiiiaft<« 
jesce^ bccaule they as f ore to fiad ihd 

aooouncin it. For, astheCiHttli'^ 
the only religion whidi chef ait Md 
a^idof f io, if theycanfleCflWikM* 
heboid it in tho ladiealov Mk i 
which %q6y pbees it, aea flf ^ 
ienie» but ua&tded jodgment^ wS tba 

to the extraordinary reports of the ef- 
Scapy of the preaching of a very younm 
paiv JVWwdWHiTEFJBLp, wiedbuie 
loioiisrt the ibllowing letter; as it ia 
Miftly Qorre^ndent with the featt* 
nien^ of the moft eekhraied Divines o( 
the £>v/^Gi»rr^,ofwhkh Mr. White. 
Idd happens to be a member.— The 

lar attention, 
upon dKm 

as wdl-meaning aeaki 

people, whom the indieioQS boUnd 
of dis^ wicked tone haddrificn fooic 
what too far into the coQcrsLfyexcremi 
Thcjr wm z.kKtx£ Fmefiasit fiif^en 
gedtrs, that would be righteous ovei 

Digitized \y{yj\J\J^ 

Wiekfy np.^4TS' ^ FEBRUARY 1739 % 
jiB|di;aBdtiKivHieic hopes t]uu,wben ta Atiammmjm, tkntmaoy book» 
4£4ievotkn] Arnlktaothaii boil'd wm, writ oa thofe iubjeai .** fiefom 

dide times we QMy oUm moft Q^tte 
iame methods ufed by the Jm a h a ft ^ 
vfk (rfriMpri.whoiebegmiiuig^wcre» 
ianooent;^ tho* Ihope the drauiful and 
bloody events will fiad no penM a** 

opcTyX^ woaU ittufn to that pit^. 
' flirifiiB^dKie troe piegr and Chriftian 
fmdcBcr&DBsiti centre; fiat. Mead, 
of tkl^-iJie)r aze confbuitly making, 
ordifcofcni^new advances^ and have. 

pfindsd & £tf as to qed the ii>irf|r^ moi^ us. Take the aoooant of thcn^ 

oitfe fiitf/ ocA^SMn out of thqr 
lyeligj^ ffid dedsr'd 6r ixUmforary 
cfcGoQS both in their /ngi^i and «;r- 
pmibi§$. The ^%aie allowed to be 
HHJvn^ Wevea^iyMMr, aslamin* 
fiA*d» bq|io toofmp publick offices* 
ffaay oaeofaieas to ttaefe abfuidities, 
ia 9xcraif with an anfwer, that 
aoEK them m the toare quite rniap- 
McMble; forthj^aSedgethe^^Vcf 
kwhit thqrdcvwith whom they have, 
i bow not what, oonunomcatiQns, and 
iMeimfveffians i}iey xeoeive (as they 
lb) even inasBNSiBLB manner. 
vitf pretfsid to a fiat dljmkfi pir- 
fiBm, apd boaft of imMorims above 
aikr ChfiiHaqijangi at the tome time, 
%. t^.^Mbrr, difdaim being able 
^.Ibfaafaa 9r prove to other pec^ple. 

Mr. Hmhtr^ frotti VQwr aaoeftor*8 f#vn 
f4Kie to his immortal work, as. hcqaotaa 
it from Gi^ -^ Bfth who writ their 

*' They began ieaetly, withmakiag^ 
their ditMhl oomptaints every where a> 
they went, That> albeit the woild did 
be^ (o piofeis fome diflike of the0 
wwch was evil in the kiaedom of daric^ 
neis, yet fruits worthyot a trueicpeD- 
tance were not iceni and that if me* 
did repeat as they o^ght, they, muft ea-i 
dcavour to puive the trath (» ail maa-t 
nerofevil, to Ae end there might ibl- 
low a new workiaAsrwaeds, wh e wii fc 
righteoofixds -only ihonkl duNsU. * Pri«. 
vale feprntance, they iaki, maft up** 
pear by every man* s afiiionsag his oaor 
tiie contraty onto the ooftom ind ordeir 
of this pretent wodkl, both in greaetr^ 

4|.9iM«r WK^O^ of their (piritiud , ^ - • 
(UUm. Theydiftii^piiiih themielyes- things and in Ie{s. To this 
npiahen, \tf ^^asxug vuuvei tin they had always in their moadtt thofe 
A^> Mpth which, and other fuch^w^. Mater, thines, charity, 6itb, thetnift 
£fa|, they aie united lofether like a ftif of God, the oofs, the moitifaa- 
%d(9^ims frit'fiiofm. The effi- tion of Ae Aefli. All their exhofta* 
* --' tioos were to iet light of the 'thincsta> 
this world, to aeeoMat ikhcs and ha-: 
nean vanity; and, in token theiae^ 
not only to feek neither, bat, if aMO 
were poftribrs of both^ even to caA 
a«iay tl» one, and flefvn the other, . 
ttat all men slight fee their unfciaMd* 
oenverfiott to Chrift. They weae toUt- 
ckors of mea tofy/ts^ to often tm^ 
iafms <ii heavemy things, and, as it 
were, conferences in fecret with God by 
frajfert, not framed according to the 
frozen manner of the world, bat ex- 
piefliitf foch fervent defiee as might 
even mce God to hearken uato them. 
Where th^ found men in diet, attire,' 
furniture of hottfe, or any other way, 
observers of civiUtv and decent order, 
fnch their reproved as being camaJfy 
and earthly minded. Every word o- 

Digitized by VJV_/ t«erWl«* 

Qff'gCr^t^enfim they fnake not to 
vnkbqpi bmtiijm inperlbas who have 
OQanittediK>,iRSfo«/fia, or from true. 
QriUaiflyM/^mc^in thofe who have, 
(if tk( pm acGordiog to die Scrioture 
"hbiimS be.eall'd.r^tfmritfim,) ua* 
&k he attended with fuch inwaid 
afiay, fttUi^h zsAtxpfrwMi^ or ac* 
Qofaajed with Aich confident perfoa- 
iasas peither they can explain, nor 
^ hedy eUe yayrihiTid, or at leail. 
Qoai^lnted according to Aeir notk>ns- 
^j4l^atimhyfm^h. IngeB6iBl,they 
hoito be piadtifii^ over the.leilbn 
%ihem by the «iV Fwrhmns hf fore the. 
ii^uiii^oftheGr«WJ2^^eJS^. 'Ma. 
% eoefiifioas of tboih tknet {f^gs fit- . 
fftmrnti) therewerefet on jbot great 
aMMfoas coaosnaag juji^atioft iy. 
fiM^ I fad theie were bodt k fubtile, 
mdl^ iecm tg have Aich a tendency 

66 fTeikfy ESSJrS in 

thtrwlk than kverdy and (wHy ut- 
ter'4 ^cein to pierce like a fword t^' 
theM^ If any man were pleafant, their 
manner was, prefently with fighs to 
rejpeat thofe words of our Sai^ioor Chfift: 
IVo he to you vihich mw laugh^ for w 

fiuiUiamtni. So great was their €lel%ht 
to be always in troMe, that fuch as 
did auietlyiead their lives they judged 
of all-other men to be in moft dai»- 
fous cafe. -^ From this they proceeSsd 
WMofuh/ick reformation i firft eodefia^ 
Ibcalf and then civil. Touching the 
former, they boldly avouched, that 
themielves only had the truth; which 

' diine, upon peril of their lives, they 
wouM at all times defend : And diaty 
finoe the Apoftks lived, the fame was 
never hdkat in all points fincerely 
l!an|;ht. Wherefore, that things might 
i^am be brought to that ancient inte* 
grity which J^us Cbrift by his word 
BBcjaireth, tliey ^^^^^ ^ controul the 
MiniHers of the gc^pel, ibr attributinj^ 
ibmuch force and virtue unto the Scri- 
ptures of God readi whereas the truth 
wasy that when the word is faid to en- 
gender faith in the heart, and to con- 
vert the foul of man, or to work any 
foch spiritual divine efl^ thefe fpeech- 
es are notthereunto applicable, as it is 
read'ot freachei^ but as it is engrafted 
ki< us by the power of the Holy GhofI, 
opening the eyes of our underlianding, 
imd fo tevealuig the myfteries of God, 
according to tnat which Jeremy pio- 
miied before ihould be, faying, IwU 
fHi fflff iaw in their innuard farts , and 
IiAtiil nnrite it in their hearts. The 
book of God they, notwithftanding, for 
the moft part fo admired, that other 
diibutation againft their opinions, than 
only by allegation of Scripture^ they 
woukl not hear. Befidesitytheythoi^ht 
no other writings in the world ihould 
be ftudied ; infomuch as one of their 
great Prophets exhcMting them to caft 
away all refpeds unto imsnan writings, 
fo far to his notion they condefceaded, 
that as manv as had any books fave 
the Hefy Bihk in their cuHody, they 
brough!t and fet them ptiblickly on fire. 
When they uid their Bibles were alone 
together, what ftrange fautaftical opi- 


nion foever at any taneentredihtotkir 
heads, their ofe was to think the 8^ 
taught it them. Andfbrafmochasthqr 
were of the fame fait with thofe of 
whom the jlp^k foeaketh, faying, Apf 
areftiil karning, iut never attain to tii 
kntmoledge ^ tmth^ itwasnomarvdt* 
fee them evpry day broach fome ttm 
thing, not hem of before i nMhich reft* 
lefs levity they did interpret to be their 
grmmngt6 J^tnalferfeaitn^ and a iff 
ceedingfhmfiuth la faith. Th^ M^ 
rences amongfl them grew fay thii 
means in a manner infinite ; fe thU 
fcarody was- there found any onecl 
them, the fbive of whofe brain' was not 
poflbfled with fome foedal myflnyK 
Whereupon, although their mutual coih 
tentiotts were moft nerouy proMCOM 
amoi^[fi themfelves , yet, when th^ 
came to defend the came common te 
them all againft the adverfaries of thu 
faftion, they had ways to lick one aiM»< 
ther whole, the founder in his own po^ 
fuafion excuiing the dear hrethren, whici 
were not fo & enlightened, and prai 
ftBag a charitable h^ of the mernrd 
God towards them, notwithlb»lii| 
their fwervii^ from him in fome thiagl 
Their own -Sf iniflen they highly nui' 
gnified, as men whofe vocation vraa bom 
Uod: the reft their manner wa$ to CeM 
difdainfullv Scrihes and Pharifees ; tl 
account tneir callii^ an hamm crea 
tare i and to detain the pefk, ^tsnmei 
ets might he, from hearing them, Thd 
men at the firft were only pitied in thd 
error, and not much withftood by ai^ 
the gteat humility, zeal, and devotia 
which appeared to be in them, was ti 
all mens opinion a pledge of their ham 
lefs meaning. The hardeft that nien« 
found undemanding conceived of dieil 
was but this, O ouam honefia voiofim 
ndferi errant f Withhowgoodameski 
ing thefe poor fouls do ml ? Lath 
made reqoeft onto FfribtVi, ZMe i 
Saxonj, that within his dominion the 
mkht be fovounbly dealt with and fp 
red ; for that, their error ej c empt o 
theyfeemed odierwife ri^goodnd 
By means of which merdfiil tolentk 
they gathered ftrengtfa, much sune ths 

Digitized by 'Kj\J\J^V^ 



fFeekfy ESSATS in FEBRUARY ly^g. 67 

mft £de ibr diefiate of the coomion- neonily perfuaded, tliat it is the'will of 

wedth wkitio they lived. Th^had 
their went oocncr-ineetiDgs and afiem- 
UieiiBtkanht; the people flocked 
^^ - \ The 

I by thoafands, 
I fihaehydrj^bothalliiitdaiidietamed 

^ Jfid^Awooderfollhewofaseaitawaids 
God; wiierewith they fettnedtobe 
mp'd iiievoy thin^theyfpake: Se< 
WBOtfy An hamd of fin> aiM a feom^ 
hr ione of integrity i swhich men did 
tliiik to be ofh JDore than ofdinanr 
a tfaem, ^ xcaion of the difism wUca 

Shad, toiU^the ears of tho people 
jiivQ^ves a^unft their^anthiQriied 
SBiie^ashffdfjpiritoalaacivil: Thiid- 
hr, The hoaatifid. nslief wharawith 
iky ^eafed the bnken eftate of fuch 
aady ocatnesy aswoein thatiefpe£b 
Ae BKse apt to be drawn away: 
FoBityy, A tender compaflittn which 
di^were thot^t to take upon the ml- 
imes of the common fort ; overwho(^ 
leadrtheii'inannfer was, even to pour 
doivo ftowers of tesrSy in complainings 
Ite^ieljped'was had onto themi 
te their goods were devoured by 
wdbod coniibrantSy their perfbns had 
s ^bnfempt, dl liberty, both fpiritual 
«Kiiem|iankl, taken fym them ; that 
jtiMshi|^ tnnefer Godnow.tohear 
te groans^ and to iend them delrve- 
&ntt: laftly, A conning fleight which 

God to have^diofe things done which 
they fimefi then iphams are as thorns 
in tleir fides> never fofering them to 
taiat reft tjU they have brought their 
fpecolations into pra^bce. Theletsand 
impediihents of which pradice, didr 
reftleftdefiivand ftsd^ to remove, lead- 
oth them.eveiy day forth by the hand 
hito other more dangerous opinions^ 
finnetimes quite and dean. contrary to 
Aeir firft pretended meaning^. So as 
what will grow outof foch enon as go 
maiked uider the ckak of divine au^^ 
thority, impoffibie it is that ever the 
wit ot man fliottld imacpe, till time 
have bnyight fath the Suits of them I 
fer which caufh it bchoveth wildom to 
fear the iequels thereof^ even beyond aH 
amnient canie of fear. That Mng$ 
Jimhtfulare to he cmi^ruei in the hetter 
part, is a principle not iafe to be fbl« 
lowed in matters conoemiog the publick 
ibte of a common-weal : But h6w ibever 
thefe and the likefpeeches be accounted 
as anows idly ihot at random, without 
either eye had to any mark, or regard 
to thek lightiiw-places hath not yenr 
lonjpn^ d%re for the pradice of .your 
difapline brought the matter already 
unto this demurrer amongft you, Whe* 
ther the peode, and their godly paftor^ 
that way aiEbaed, oi«ht not to make 
fifaratioH ftom the jeft, iied to. begin 

tbef ind to fboke and fmooth- up the the exetcife of difcipline, .without the 

aadrof cbeir folkmcrsi a»wdl by 
iniepriating unto them all the favou«< 
raetitlesy the ^^ood words; and the 
eadooi peomiies m Scripture ; as alio 
■fodline the eotttraiy- always on the 
ndi^^ftich as were fevcmd from 
iiet.ictmue.- WJierevpon the people*s 
CQouBon acclamation- unto fuch decei- 
^aptbU trut andjmcere ProAets. — 
)W, wbeuibever they did colleft oqt 
of&mtor^ when the^came to juftify 
tr ponade it unto others, all was the 
kticaly Father's appointment, his com- 
nndnent, his will and charge. Which 

tiling is the very point in regaird.whereof 
I kvc'gather^a this declaration. Eoc 
B17 pa^iofe' herein is to fhew, th^i; 
yifBi tbb.miwb of men ait once eiio-* 

Uoence of civil poweo, which licence 
they have fought for, and are not heard ? 
Upon w^ich queftion as ye haye now 
divided yourfdves, the warier fort of 
you lake the one part, and tl^ fbrwankr 
in ceal the other. 

. O merciful God, what man's wit is 
there able to found the depth of thofe 
dangerous and fearftil evils, whereun- 
to our weak and impotent nature is 
inclinable to fmk itfelt, rather than tor 
fhew an.acknowledgmept of error in 
that which once we have unajdvifed- 
ly taken upon us lo defend, againft the 
ftream as it were of a contrary publick 
reiblution! Wfierefbre, if we any thing 
jefpcdtv their error, who being perfua- 
d?4, .ciren as yc. arc, hayc gone further 

l4)igitizecl by vjv_/v_7V ll^P^^* 


fmnhm, OnlbtffttaaR 1 «Mi'»ni 

Abe f[niK M» «lir fiii|ie i^kmi 

pit Ibr ^ ^^MftW» 4ttcl tlwn Mlbtt M 
W:or4bMMlHr4MMnM!^. tl&Mi 

g r_| #;tetA Mil ■i^Mhi il^ta^^ 1^ 

Bom, Wf vqppHg vp ■■o«e|NHV 

AanMv «yitadi4iritofclliiidr^iii 
dkKKK. -c flK>ii|pit It nW 

iiN9t^'*^%Mrfl j<ii(lC8iireto<feBr, M 

^8r flkUlAflB to AUlfilfiB il HUBC OV W 

pdi jkuBHioiiloffiwhoc vMiiija ^3ilDw p6fte^ 
i4fy to IN*1 thbirerilv tHiidi al jret «ie 
nofciBfllfy'TOi' IB tbpicmi^i tdttniw]^ 

^KNud OC xOr ^ISMBI 'M rCSlOHT* 

v/R nut 'cMBMBy Mir -new nKnuttyiw 
wKOvcnd V. taMfc Viofelic 'tcnpcf wicti 
ttooDifftont wMi 'tfidrfpFMR pfBtetiii^i^ 

* foflow% «id«iittli8<f^Md^flilb 
wf 'Ckc^Gifffitfeirtiii ^rfio 400 jpiiL^'Bii/ 

Hlfe fl&der -oifie, hb •Aanci' an ifae 

UtIPul-y&lQy ift ^nc 'WVft'HnOBy H^tHlBk" 
Wr<n ^iMMipfe 'fill^lf^ !ptMlBB« ^4BA 

]fe>^ottnt(i CK^chteciiylM^ilwBiSRinlnl 
b^'lMne i6ftnoMife«ibi«, « lie ftOak 
Inroi^gk'li jjf^tit ^tt^Ba. Ho wtt ^Mtfff* 
^ mn Bs Ae -deigymii,' mbiiUM 
«> ^HnteA, aifiitf, ke Ms fimikidiW 
to * »i » ;^ Aji ^ftfi i'i W^ ^waty be fli 
Mled*) to t^ga tfte ts^dt tt> •lib. 

Itot'tpptiuiag «t tei/M;^ i9aBiM(it« 
% yx 'fotftfe a idgh l kwii% kode fo 
knofv the ifflifc df »tfaeir ^i pp ti Mit fa lu, 
Sbt'idte fhmtiter dodthMMOg as AKidr'' 
inifadl tiytfc)liiroivif diity«iilr.Wki»» 
fteU "wts'^ <b it ^iiim, •dwyr dt bdk 
tfUM thttt b^^if'wlikli tlvBfcdslfl 
iiot)^iii h^'/riitfr. 8o'dib«PlWMtet 

1^ tile #^|P^, ^Md iniBtfr. Wlii«fiM% 
Hrararf^gBuaBa *i9^ iBPBNa 'ni^ 
^iXmii %ltffe iiMtte Mitf €ot»i^y«d 

into the^AfV, and kept «eiitil)^ Ob tlft 
ibth, ^br^fibf 4ie*AfMlSi:bk^trii0ir<lM^ 
ihiis'fliK:Ulle^'«iiOfter as lieiffocliu 
If this ^nrdba>^0MteftgBtft«d S^ tte 
Jii/«i, 9t%iMft'4ie>iie Ipirit ^ tmflfim 
iMch^iAir, not ofj^M/' ThisfUlif 
Iteirig^d^m, 'J iwid tte ^artofty torfo 
Wifth<a;iMtnd.i»itli?-RMiiier, wlio ai»« 

flBiy^iapim^Mr^MiA. nm^m 

ci^owiK«f <2ieat Bntain W^0^ 

i^lJbIi&ld at ioBcJQn l)ir ^aAnoati^ik 
*Ficofib, ^ipaaiih .aaj &^|hL M 
5kiiMaed to jd^eA^Kntesi^f tefi 

wf^foifiHftUy 'WSPQffiiA*v9itttii9^f oil 

#^4MMr JWI* Iflpf tflfil^Mf 9tm*to tpHHMM 

4MKMPV TWf9k^fi99t*WfMtfi9t yUM9WHtti 
J^'*^fflf WMjffii «JMr vMwM^ 'Mr -MHlHI 

The>ewe<Maiy ^ iiil l iftci i, too fwiB hiU Pwmt, 
WH^hff^air nteaas of igetting into pul- Ligiizeibyvj^i^^^L^ ...^ 

iSrff aUm t i nimmkfifi§fifmdmr mitftbtaLr^tOkiKfitlmaHiim^ 

tmk, li W^ lft €0if^i^taifnt M0mSiiMa4' miim^thi JmitgMi J^piamt4'«^ *aci 
tittal wt^maiiM^ of itf JiBMitadt ahintd' t$ Au im^BKiaM a^Sahs i it is, -***"*^ 


m^ktJi rnrr-HffjM- ^Mik ii¥Wi\i ftiiftiwi iiite rfiiillBB *^^>^ «tf* 

ikM^ (\mmt im, i^Mm^rj M- i fcwfl wii r, iii^y <^ «rtj^ 

4i^ Am^ of fat-w^oki^ mlmMg^ chargm, am4piwmm$ of <W Sfmandi of fcg 

0lm4s^^d0 0afeimtgto/$io fiil^oks^^ifo^memom^ Sfjum.: »he* 

^^^ thmta coofer^ tmi finaik ng um i mfo o J mtvortJMji, ikit kJhaH 

'• iU wmM with MoiftHott to ohsfM ojdotu^ oy ivitiits io tho^ MTtftfii ^ 
omd dtfimms^ m»kkh Jk^ ok au m 


mk^ rwrntim Mk^odjk H ^ siftifiedi ffmft mm H m^ f^rtuMMr mt frimato 

fMniiHj^ l^ya, 1713, i7ijf, 1721, ff #A^ iw» muw, «r (i^ nnryAm^ 

4Hl,^i^ 17991 iyir^dBnrlM^^iv wiib ih J^dfjfB^^ $ke 0^, or ioi^Mm, 

Km^^ Iteror/y 4|W wp €0fmmt9om $f^fiij$Sk ^MfoSt ^o^, M^imrh. 

^^16: Jkfi^$imlfo€igro^thmt$k^ ^i^ovikl ^mAexcofOimhoMfooKofaM 

. /m^l^pf i<r^ > nmrnd, Jbtdl %% p^s^pt/jo^i of ^f ota/o mou»imi$d im th 

ik^mt^mmm fix %ioe§h9/itrik€ ex- plam fre&nitd at Se<fM h ^ Ommj^ 

itm *W^ tUJpMo ofoigbt mmtks. accomtt l^fufymde out at Loiu^ tf^y 

. Q. 9y$mbtiom oft^ Umits of^ magos fyfi^tMul if the Mt^s of tb§ 

itfi Ml 6f C^nkaa^ ^Meb^ aotordtm fata cro^, and oAtcia^ tJe three ^ar^ 

Ht^^imshtinhui^a^imd, oiuif to ho tioikm v^otted tn the food flan^ and 

ieidfdfy Commifaries m oacbjik^ Jhail mMiwgt ittt 4Mr ariich iff the aceotmty 0>' 

Skttjfii tj i Wiffi iftgrf to^ thojaid Bimupo- mqaatiaft^W^t^lzfia/lersyireaisaad 

teotiariei, to frocare am^, fikd aad % fttftrttk ofjfiite^: jitd tho Juijoas of 

rftftlif illi irViiiiif M fl II 1% f y r i\m\ €achJUkfiaUhe if^ithd^en^pkiUham 

S^dxmi9^9f'tkataiaiKAaakfi, 4ikr6t$ kano ueomk to ih$ Liw. or «i 

,, ^frf'tbat4^ainJhaUktft, 4ikr^ttha^rfsoar^t9fh$l(^^r^ 

Ik^j^^rm^inthoi^orefaidterri'i ' , 1, ^ .b vjV/v^^i f^ 


Convention T^etween 

take oth*r frofer mtafures^fircaufmg the 
above faid engagtments to he Ju^liei^ in 
jbe fame manner as if this emvetUiui 
did mi exift, 

IV. Tie vabte of the f>ip called the 
WoelhaU^ *whieh nvas taken and twrrkd 
to the fort ofCamtecbf in theyear^ i ^3«» 
the Loyal Charles^ the Dijpatch^ the 
George and the Princi WilBean^ nubich 
nvere carried to the Havina in the year 
1737, and the St,- Jamttto Porto^ Rieo 
in the fame year^ having been included in 
the valuation thai. has been*snade of the 
demands ofthefutjeSs if Great Britaitf 
as alfoftveral others that Muere taken he- 
fore 5 |r it happensy that in eonfemienee 

of the orders that hstve been dijpatched hy 
the court of Spain for the reftitsUion sf 
themf part J or the whole of them have 
h^en reftoredy the Jitms fo received Jbatt 
be deduatdfrom the L, 95,ocx> SterUi^y 
•which is to be paid by the court of Spain 
eucording to *what is above fHpuiated: h 
being Imuever undetftood^ that the pay- 
ment of the L. 95,000 Sterlings fi»ah ntt 
be^ for that reafon^ in airf manner de- 
layed i faving that nvhat metf have been 
previotyfy received^ fiall be reftortd. 

V. iheprefeni convention fhall be iA- 
proved ana ratified by bis Britanriick ma"- 
jefty and by his Catholick Majefyi and 
the ratifications thereof fiall be delivered 
and exchanged at Losmn nvitbin the fpace 
of fix lueeksf orfooner^ if it can be dane^ to 
iereckoned from the desy of the figning. 

In ivitnefs vsheroof nne the umier writ- 
ten Minijiers Plenipotentiaries of bis Bri-' 
tannick Mejefbf and of his Catholick Met- 

f, by virtue of our full powers, have 
td the prefent convention, end canfed 
Jeals if our arms to be iMxed thereto. 
Dme at the Pardo the i^bdayof J a* 
mtary 1739. 
B. Keene. Sebaftian de la Qaadnf. 
(L.S.) (L.S.) 

Firft feparate Article. 
Whereas it bos been agreed hy tbefoft 
article of the convention, fignedthis day, 
between the Minijiers Plenipotentiaries'^ 
Great Britain and Spain, that there fiaU 
be named on the part of their Britannick 
and Catholick Majefties rejpe^ivffy, im- 
n;idfatehf afier the figniisg the above faid 

Great Britain and Spain. 

eotsfviatton, two msnij^rs Ptesetpetenta'^^^ 
ries, vAoJbaUmeet est- Madrid vMnn rSm 
^OKO of fix weeks, to be rtekonedfrom tAm 
day of the excbatige rf the ratificaUoean i 
their faid MayefUis, to the end thai am 
tsme may ise tett tn 'fmnovsng, hf a^Hontmok 
treaty, *whici'is to beeoncludedfir'thiaai 
pnrpoje, alltanfi of complaint for tJbn 
future, oaeL in ^Mifibing thereby, afmn^ 
fea. good underfiwuHng, and a liiflitmR 
friend/hip, between the two crowtu, A^km 
named, and do.bji tbefe frefents nasom^^ 
¥iz. his Britannick Meaefi^ Beihamaim 
Keono, EJfi hu faU Majejh's Mbt^i^ 
Plenipotentiary to>bis CathoBck M^^9pi^ 
and..JbreUmm Cafires, £fyi his fiaik 
Britannick ^ Mayefifs ConfiU General ^tf 
the court of h& Catholick Majefiy, bi^ 
Plenkotentiaries fir that purpofo % aesnei 
his Catholick Mrnefy. Don J^deim 
^intana, his Counfilkr in the Snprrsena 
Council of the Jndies, and Don StepAam 
Jo/Mot Jbarsa, Knight of the ordtw\ 
of Calatreeva, Counfe&r in the faeeoa 
Council,andSuperintendant of the Chmtm<^ 
her of Accounts, vihofhaSl be m 
fyinflruSed to begin the conferences: _. 
whereat it has ieen agreed by the. yl 4 
ticle of the convention figned this -eUtf^ 
that the fim of L.^i^^ooo Sterlings it 
due, an the part of -Spain, as a bJeuee^ 
to the crown andfidijeSs rf Great Bri^ 
tain, after dedu3ion made of the denuaoek 
of tbe^crown and fidjeat of Spain-i ins 
Catholick Mofefiy fMlcauJetobe paU 
at London, within the term^-rf fit^ 
months, to be reckoned from the day ofiha 
exchangeoftbe rat^ations',or fimier ifU, 
be poffihk^ in money, the above mentimd^ , 
edfumifL. 95,opo SterUng, tofiuk 
perjbns as flnsUbe authorined, onthepar^ 
of his Britaitnick MejeOy, to receive it. 

This feparaU article fball hemse ibi 
fame force as if it was inferied word fit 
word in the convention f^nedtbis deey% ratified in the fame manner^ 
and the ratifications thereof Jbali be en^ 
changed at the fame time as thofk-rftha \ 
faid convention. 

h wknefs whtreof. Sec. [as in 
convention.] - • 

B. Keene. ^Sebaftian delaC^uuim.^ 

(L.S.) (L.S.) 

•■ • Digilizeci by v_:»\_/<^;vi» . . • 

CoKVENTiOM between Great Britain and Spain. 71 

Second fepanite Artkle. lates omfy t9 the indinmificatiM mtd faiis- 

Whertuihe wider ivriitiM Mmiflers fa^vm to be made fir the effeffs feized, 

Fkti^ mw f ie s if then: Britmmkk and ^pnxestakem but that the dectfim if 

" ":i Me^tfiiei have this d^figned^ ^^ ^^fih '^hich nwf ha^^ in erder f 

if €wiae of fuUfeFwefifro^ the idugs 
iknr wM^ersJhr that farfofty a cowven- 
tmfir/ettmig and a^ufiinr ail the de- 
em each JuU^ if the erenuns rf 

remove ail fretext for dtjpate^ is t$ he 
referred to tbe Pien^entianes, tohede* 
temdned by tlyem accor£ng to the treaties, 

^ ,, ^„,^ ^ . ms feparate article fiail have the 

Gnat Britain and. Sfain, on account of fameforccy &c. [as in the fbnner.] 
" "■* ' ^ " ^ ht viitnefi tAfhereof, Sec. 

fi. Keene. Sebaf^an de la Qoadnu 
(L.S.) (L.S.) 

JOaors made, JS^s taien^ &C. and fir 
At fajmtmt rf a balance that is thereby 
Seto tbe cremm ef Great Britain \ bis 
kdared, That tbefbif called the Snccefs, 
mAich nvas taien on the i^h 'da^ of 
Aril 1 73 9, ^ Jhe nvas coming oat from 
Wi^amdef Antigua^ by aSfof^Guarda 
Cefc, and carried to Porto Rico, is not 
cmfrehended in the. aforefaid convention ; 
ettdhis CathoUck MajefytromiJes,that the 
fud/n^ and its cargo pall be firibvnth 
f^ed, or thejufi value tlm-eof to the 
hnful^mwners ; 'frovided thaty previous 
ts the r^itutian rf thefaidfinp the Sue- 
if^, tbe perfin orferjons interefted there- 
in is give fecuriiy at hmdon^ to the fa- 
Ajfadim if Dm nomas Geraldino, his 
CaAiBck Majejhf* Minifier Pltn^oten^ 
tiofy, to abide by luhatfiaB be decided 
ibnesfen by the Mfniftere Pknkotentia- 
ries ef their faid Majeftiesy that have 
been nasned for finalfy fettUng, accord- 
mgto tbe .iroaiiesy the ijputes which re- 
wdn to be a^fted bihween the- fwo 
crowns % emdhis CathoUck Msyefy agrees^ 
as far asfball defend upon him, that the 
sbow maitknedflnp the Snccefs fiall be 
nfetred to the- examination and decifion 
tfHhe Ple nip o t e nti aries; his Britannick 
MM^promiJes liiewije to refer y as far 
OS paU depend ttpon him, to the deeifim 
ff the Pin^entiaries. the brigantine 
Ua,nefela; fiixedm the port rf Dublin 
rnhelandf imtheyear iji^, Jndthe 
fiad andkr ^written Minijkrs Plenipoten- 
tiaries decMreff thefe prefiMs, that the 
^d article'-rf; tbe co/tvention fjgned this 
dof, does not e^ekd, nor Jball be conftrued 
to extend to aery flips or ejfiSs thai nurf 
hene been tahn or feixed fotCe the toth 
a^rfDecemher 1 737, ornurfbe hereafter 
Utik or fei^d\ in Vohich (ajes ji^ice 

' N, B. The Convention and the Two 
Sejjaratc Articles, as above, were, each 
by itfelf, ratified by his Britannick WU- 
jcfty at St. James's the 24th January 
1 7 39, and by his Citholick Majc^ at 
the Pardo the 1 5th January 1 739. 

Craftsman, Feb. 17. ' 
Ob/irvations 09 the Convention, 

IF an intire ftrangier to politkal tf- 
hiTS (hocdd look over the numerous 
OoUedions of treaties between the Prxn* 
ces of Europe, whkh have been lately 
paUifh'd, he would certainly be apt 
to wonder how there came to be any 
differences amongft them at preient.— 
In fbnner times, the contraBing Povoert 
obligM them&lves by oath, in the 
moft fokmn manner, to perform their > 
refpedlive engagements j and yet hiAo- 
ry fumifhes Us with frequent infbmces 
cii "Princesy who have vic^ted their 
oaths, and departed from their et^age- 
mentSf foon after they were maw, iri 
the moil (candalous manner. Bat this, 
indeed, was in Ptp^ times, before the 
true lieht of the mpcl broke in upon 
OS, ana when a diq^enfatibn from Rome 
was thought fofficient to atone for any. 
fort of crimes, efpecially in Princes, — 
For. this reeafon, the pra6lioe of s w e a r« 
1 N o to the obfervation of treaties hath 
been generally, if not intirely, laid a- 
fide, ever finofe tbe reformation, 2is a 
fcandal to neligion, both by Prfteftants 
and Rman CathoUcks, 

Yet even ftill the title, preamble, 
JhoBbe done accohUng to the treaties, as if and articles of moft treaties run in a 
thecfwefaidconnentpmhainatbeeninadii very folcmn ftile. >-■—- Some Of them, 
Mitpghewtvermderfieod^tbaitbisn^ - . 'ugteibWjv^'^^^iMfyai 

i of var^SMyhm dit% Npa, iitifa 
$uam •fm most nobv 4M viiu* 
TJDBo TRiNXTr s lad thcpB an wji 

fcw without oiakiig G«/ <jb|ptjy» 
witness to them. -^^ Th» jifim^Hek 
pxbuoxmAx oontAiQi 4 BV'ttttl ftijwihiiii 
CO, that «i7 i%MMti ikall coUt oa 
both fidesi and tftat, ^ the fcciire, 

tr^^a^ftaefks. -«^ But how Warn 
are /i&r> 0Mrfni^/ fulfilled? -r~,Hpw 
hath tltf tica^ of Utrecht^ (or iitfUlwe, 
been obierv'd towanb tu, with rehti* 
on to the demolition of DiaMrit and 
jeveral other particulars ? — What hara 
we g^n'dt noce that time, by all our 
9r$aiusy frovifiotufl ktstties^ fretmnm- 
riis, comvuuktu, ratySemtimuy congrtffts^ 
uAtac'^Atmi whatfoa»ir»t»oapt mtm 
wfiuu^ wtw dfttrdaiims^ and a yaft ad- 

<ktion oimnv expimitsf Ttiz is the 

mone haid opon aa^ baeauie wt have 
cnter'd into all the popoTitions of y^ 
$9igmpimmtt. with Uie gnat«ft Qoaot- 
ALiTT, aadfidfill'd oar enytgwiepti 
tnfi to amciTT/f^podady to $b^ 
with whom wa an at preMnt cm* 

Not Qohr tb0 ^«i^i but fv«a the 
mmi^fM Kim buh been alwayi kdd 
ftped ; and purdqia if thci nnidcni 
way of Ma(Mi««to|| ift tobalookUap^ 
on only 9&9^triml ^JkUl ^ mg^tkH" 

& ought to ba.]aid afide, and «r^ 
W9i in Om wm, finifyb^ 
that ji I»ir4i(f js only a iautiial agrra> 
laenty dtnngplf^fkr^ which #c^iiirr ^art 

tia at liberty. «o hmk^ a« ibon aa hi 
df it. ibr his inteiefti accafidiag (n 
hk ft km $t ^ QikhmfiBd maim of itcf 

3Mt wa ai? bU'd at ptafoi wiA a 
mmiffr^ who bath lb fraat a imri 
Ibr rT%MS Ihat hacfaoftmbar (ofaUaa 
o«r eiiepja»by thi Biild Md na«qabk 
inal(f aft^ of 
put iiibo hia 
might imit pwafioa'd « 
|PM dial of bk)id(M*---A«iP*wnriaii 
» iPt Oily ^aMtoM^apd ApiW^ bai 
MiMiiiiddaDiighjcii %mmifim 
inly, yet it is ^dKkr\dfr9limnofj |» 


oar ene9Ui»4y cat miiq ai 
artaof aiyafiiiAMit iNi i 
ifw/ fin^* whidi w» p 
handSf axkd might \mf% 

a p vTuaa Tuaarv i ia wfcifti all €» 
difvwveaaridi .^iMM^ of ma)^ ywR 
fiaiidii^ iia toba ^iiy^vi^t ail|ialM 
ootcnlyia thi W^Mm, bit 4^ 
«»i«rY«-^I(Ml &y but. Uttla of /ij 

atamMatimu l^caaia it it BOMf undav aki 

gjmfldni4fiQn of iir£aHMv^ bm^-. wril 
OMiiiiii wfelf OuaBy t^ 4nb ;%a0M 
4raw(i ftvwtiA by it.*--£lo«Mr, a 
ii neoei&iy to % igaiithii^ upon di 
<wp«ii^ il(«l& Md loppwoNift lb 
syuiyfiml ^vantafea whidiM^aai 
piaHiN*a by !(• 

It apMars,. by tb& pcwmUft «AiU 
iivoyiiiiabr woeMt dn^ tbaMip 
ofi*fe4wwaatfaiiiio pw a m a» ov«i 
aviTvaa bitwean tha two Qowm € 
OaM^ iirifaMi aad ^^if% ^JP"^^^ 
^^kyi *^ 'M* Ma* jp'^^sww^wb aA^9^||iw wi 

uuhfibt ibr tha/M^f6a^»«nd tti^fifVW 
thim>r4«/a«was win if i^flnmli 
be wikI iaiipaftbli IP i^mm^ or ai 

will ^ kill be aaovv4TM »'WM| 
nuiA. ao donht. afi>niauaaHi4&aai#Ai 

WY «i«ifertabk piq4ni& 

|y ai%A(l awljijr^ II ia iigMd» ^ 
udMidol CoifaiiiaAaiiaf whp b«n 
baea lb loiia ttBsloaad lOk aa aaoMift 
in ihi» muTt than an «» hi t wi 
MianTiai PLamvoTaaTtaftV] 
whib b«ii« nHQii><^» 
dnniAirdian ^ 
iyhaviiMnbilNinDO^ anilbfaptti 
■I m^ft tfigfatd to tbia ^fftriHi ^wfh 

^imig Qm^imiA. indavL have anahiM 

to do wkh tha daiwirf ^m mtH^ m mi \ 
that point beiigabwtl^ lirtrtpck amj 
the aiily aoiai fiettlad. w aha mm^ 

lint. Mt^k^thmmm^mm^9t% 
dilQHfi iii4 a^SalTar difpiNa abM 
i^iifiTs and «o«iH>aaas, both bi 
aaAawl uaaa* aswiriln aTati 
roiaT9 aoip^Moalaily wntiainiti 
•ftd aU thistf to hi AnibVi n dMi Ifna 
^f^mmiki^ym^€mvmi^ a 

poiatad b^ ^ ^'*^^ ^ 
i^irw jvart allaw^ cbom ni M, m 
afcm jMr4 aftarwaids, adtbpni dobv 
vr diiiig» «Mt nm»iii||tbiir>r 

► » Piciitizeci by 'KJKJKJ'^V 

MltA^ MSUrS iit FEBRUARY 1739. 7^ 

«^ <«litt«lofttOf;ittfi«iMil] 

/*y *'!*T*>r~ yn^'l^y** •arawiofwM'luwBtifcentwoorAM* 

t-?y?rT r^^I^ Jr ^ft.!.r<? "? **>♦ twenty yemag^ mpwTameitr 

/MTtMiiwiiiigkt bc tho Bgiit, it 
f ^ w i w I iM i, for <nnt «ray9niw/ 

^'^^^ ?^y ? T*** iwrt wc^ Wifit, qr ftMlbr, in^ifeainrof tiieiD wewfoia. 
!*™ T?"r> y?? "^ cwtmcf Ni7,ive««fit«utkeri fbrkkkteMH 

21* W «»;>^«»**«'«*.'— ^aaw give tim to tAr n^Airf, they Mre ai; 

lMlAil^^«MndMtete»^. String caniplirfwith«flth?imnSk 

^y t»w i<» twe jnwwifiwiy ^yay^ ^mi<m£r rdtitadon of their fiiipsytke^ 
•Kfywifc t^ %Jmmi^fi^^fmm9, m worfd wit reeeive them, underlKvolow 
!I?5S*!^:*?'^^^^ ;^jfi»^V pwiencas; andliienlmdieyeiMhtMfc 
«W^*!Wc, *r ^ «ne' 3«us> ♦v^ te-bring tkis 4mmA upon thr eeqiei 
•ii«4icb^ij]glff^t9fii^ad|udicftfi9A afm, 41!^ 4f my yfiut. 

Digitized by vj x^fK^JSL I^ SJH 

74 ^^^*^ ESS4rS in 

I amjttftififdin-.chis aifertioti and 
nianper of reaibniog by tbofit who drew 
np the infbrudions taovifLu Cmamffk- 
ries^ in purfuance of the. treaty of Se* 
viUe i for bv the 5th aruck they are 
^rdeied tp inM> thai ^ floaty of 1 721 
was fully compleated, for the rcaibns 
before Ihcntioned.— rr-^Wauld it not 
therefore be ^ifhonoyuabl^for tJbeJe Gem'^ 
tkmen^ as wU as ^juUjpH^ to recede 
from their /^Aiv inftri^MUy and give 

2) fb important a point to the Spaniards^ 
ter all th^ ill-uiage ? -^Have we no^ 
at leafl, as good a right, to demand fa-/ 
tisfadion for the damages and expenoes 
they put us to, manv years afterwards, 
by XhR ief^ of Giirakar, which was 
likev^fi^ midertak^n and carried on, 
without anv pre*viau declaratm o/<warF 
/ As to. the artide in the conventim, 
oqnoemine the diftrpnces between thtf 
court of Sfain, and our South-fea com-, 
foKjff whioi are excepted in the frtfgnt 
tmvipiaii ; I mufl obfenre, that aithp* 
his Cathoikk Majefy may have ademand 
upon they^ru/^vm^^ for about 69,ooo /. 
as it is rqx>rted, by virtue of th^ AffitfiH 
tftat^i yet I am informed that the OOT- 
/Mupp have a jufl demand of above trthk 
thai /urn upon Spain^ for feizures of their 
wnualjhtpst interruptionbf their trade 
in Ntw Spain^ till due mar kits weie o- 
ver, refufals ^i fckedisUs^ to which they 
have an ondQabted light by trtaty^ and 
ffveral othfratcmnts, — It cannot there- 
fore be doubted that our Flentfotentuarks 
wiir infiil ^tTf ftrongtyy in the negoti- 
ations <^ xhe/ittMre tnaty, upon the Sa* 
lance on Qurfidty in this particular, and 
on the regular grant ^ fcbtdstias^ for 
the future ; fmce if the Spaniards (hould 
he paid their whole daim, without any 
fatisiadlion for a much greater demand 
upon them by the Scuth-fea companjfy it 
is a very odd method oiftttlmg accmmts ; 
and the Spaniards will be fo hx from 
paying one (hilling to ourmerchantSy that 
they will be very great gainers by the 
trtapy as well as by Hbxk femur depre- 

But I cannot. conceal my aftonifh- 
ment to hear of a feparateprotefly which 
Stain declares to be an eilential part of 
thit affreemiut^ reierving to itfelf a power 


of fufpending the Affient9 trait^ \£ 1 
Smth-feacmpoMy do not pay the fiam 
demanded, within a fhort times de- 
claring likewife that, under tbenmMdii^ 
and force of kTiai^ protest, tbt fign- 
ing of the said convemtioh amb^ At 
proceedidon; and in no oi^hbr mak- 
M E R| npon the firm foppofitidB ofnnhich^ 
and. that it nwf mt be ebtdtdm mmf mm-^ 
tive, or pretext 'whatfie*very his C t we Sm 
iick Minify hath heen indnced thtrtio^ — — 
Bat as tks protefi is not publifhed.Mfith 
^cmrvintimj I fi^jpofe it is skit 
ytx ratified^ and there' can be ao crime 
m wifhing that it nevtr will ; but i£ it 
fhould, and the Sonth-Jea empumjt TO" 
(ak to pay the msMf, it will at leeft 
give us fome chance of ^ting rid of 
the «uMr cmtventimii if it ihoidd be 
found either dijadvani^^tmt, or dj/H^^ 

The next jpoint worth obfecfBtioii ii^ 
that sdthoogh tht PUnipoUntiarits^ ac*. 
cordui^ to this couventuft, are to^djuft 
all diiputes between Great Sritmiu and 
Spain^ about LIMITS, bothby^feaand 
huidi it is to be hoped thibt the Geeetb^. 
men, who are to be intrufbed widi thsk 
important affiur on 9nr fiit, will hq^ 
depart from one fin^ tittle %kmtr r^ki^ 
aocordii^ to/yifsari#/and the lants otma^. 
tioHs: For the cafe is plainly thi^ — ^We 
are either to give up certain points oC 
the ntmoft comequence toocuri>'infc» or 
we are.not — If we give up thejkpoinu^ ' 
we may as well throw them jamAick- 
and wa other Atgarcohnies into the boor* 
gain — If we do not give than up, aual/ 
the- Spaniards inftfl as peremptorily cn^ 
their fide, we are then in juft'the wne, 
comlition as we were many yeafs a^o ;. 
with this difierence only, tl4t we &aU 
hereafter be lefs able to do onrfdves ju-s 
flioe; and the ^/tfjriio^, perhaps, in a 
better conditicm to withftand us, bv be-; 
coining inore firmly united with ^a^ct^ 
than they are at prefent. 

Should .we yidd to them the power 
of SEARCHING, within zny Jiated !§• 
nits of their fiores, we give up every 
things for they will be die fole jiid^^ 
of the d^ance ; and the mtrchant^ w^bo 
may be tal(^n, perhaps, tbrttt foitr^ or 

4)igitizecl by VJVJV^^v l\^ 


ff^eekfy ESSATS in FEBRUARY 1739. 75 

,^frM»fit)intIieircoate, wiIlliaTea Inmtiert^fthentinoftimpQrtaiKeagainil^ 
difBcDltlalk m a SfaMlfi ctitrf fju/tia, «- • •^^ - *• •• 
(wtoe the jitsf^is art oftxxi jbarets in 
f^S§t/) to prove that he was not 

I do not aflert this to be the cde; but 
am 011I7 ai^g;aing upon zfiff^o/g, afld 
tiie csmmdn coifver/attm ^ the toivft, — 
Befides, will the French likcwife give 
lap this point r — Will the DafchP — if 
not, we Ihall cxdude ourfelves by a 
frttffy to AfUr great advantage! and, 
Mbad of fiandiiig, as we do at prefent. 
Oft die ftxjt of the m^ favuir*a naHon, 
(oTy as it is tailed in txetLiks, gens ami' 
ofima) we fiiidl become the kefi fa- 
^A^dnaHem^ by oar own coAfent. 

The aitide fo^ ^uSdtig territtrta/ 
tk^s feems to be patticolarly calculated 
tgr Spaht, with a view of contra^ing 
oar boisidarics in CaivUna^ whidi is ex- 

pcfly mentionM in ^freUndmuy con- 
noemthmi and it is confidently reported, 
Att the TSftamilh Mnifier gives out eveiy 
Whine, mat his oomi wil^ upon no ac« 
cnmt whatibever, acquiefce m our poT- 
fefibn of Georgiu, It is exprefly ftipu- 
Itfied^ in the Ide emuentioti^ that *we 
fkdimi incnafiihe FbaTiPicATiONS 
Aen, imr take atrf new postsj tho^ 

Nay; Mr IMk Lord, not carine 
to fell his property, ^^ch was an eightZ 
fart of the 'whole, had great damonrs 
raifedagaintt him, hfwi frefint mini' 
fieri, for obftru6to^ in fomc mcafune, 
their views of fiaUck ntihty, at that 
time. However, he con&ntol to give 
up tM'mceffarj power to the eroim, re- 
ferving to himfelf only the eiohtb pari 
ofaUfktute pnjfitt. So that this is ab-^ 
lolntely as modi hif property, as anv 
man^s hoofe is his own> and cannot Jm 
legally or equitably given away by any 
body, without hit Utrticuhr con/ent,-^ 
When thtpnhM had made this pur- 
chafe, whatdldthe^ytf<ii;*dof Why it 
made an abfolnte grant, or conveyance 
of thewho]eto/ar//r«i^/f^//j, who 
ait now veiled with thi^ property of it J 
nor can Ae Commiffaries, or finipoten- 
eiaries, difpofe of it, under any pretence 
whatfocvcr, vMi<m their jpecia/J^avi 
andapprohation. — ThtpuhUci have like- 
wife Inpported this infant colony at hrge 
annual expences \ and if the whole it 
to be now given t^^ or even brought 
faxto S^e, would It not be highly dif- 
honounble to England^ and dpecially 

^^ , _ to /i^J who engaged the /irWiVl to be- 

wa&ipantra by parliamint, biit come pardiSidcn of it. unlefs wte gain 
ar> mc that piupofe. — Lei) us ,^ftt other confidtraikadvantageihyTuch 

bft yestti 

lihenlbte lee how that matter^SLods, 

CetrsBMa, as &r as the degree of 29, 
ftotflcrK taiittide^ was ^rantol b^ Kii^ 
t^hsrksTi. ibon after his reftoration, to 
f^rfuular proptiOors, After this came 
Ike ticatics oi 1667 and 16^0, which 
KBowed iss all that was then m oQr pof- 
ftfioo. Tho/e treaties therefore being 
iobieqaent to this grmtt, and the pof 
Jejfitm €X ihefe grantees^ it fellows, that 
tiie ondoiibtedpniperty belongs to themi 
aady if we fhioly examine how &r the 
dodi dqgree ftretches^ it is m)r oplnioh 
tnt we can prove a much bett^ right 
to Port Si. lugk/Hne than ihey can to 
4kmiiA . — Bat let os go fkttmsr.^ 

nit4m0try WiU afterwards booght 
W the peUflick, with fuiHekiHoney, mm 
fak Jeveral prtprietors, at the mllanee of 
Ihe pnfent adminiftratim, and at a venr 
lugbexpence; ^e(%iDg that ^tat ifle 
feV>tboDadeofit| andthatitWMft 

a ceffion^— But there is fomething ftill 
iartiier, in fiivour of this new fettki 
colony, and muft intitle it to the greateft 
regard i Which is, that it is the onfy co* 
bm planted by his prefent Majef^t atkl 
called by his name. Our Plenipotentia* 
ties therefore Will certainly exert them- 
felves, upon this occafion, for the ho* 
nour of his Kt/^, as much as the re- 
gency of Hanover have dohe for the 
?refervatk>n of the new acqoiiition of 

Tt is faid, that our right to the pof* 
felTion of the Bahama Jjtands is like- 
wife di(puted, upon the famfc idle pre- 
tence j and Jamaica may be demanded 
iU)on as good grounds. If therefore 
the Spaniards are to be gratified, or eveai 
not ftrenuoufly oppofe^ in all thefc un* 
reafonable and ilL^al demands, We ftiaB 
be Ibon driven out of the W^- Indies^ 
omz^^^^^gv- and 

7^ Weekly 

and muft leave the French 2xai the Sta- 
. rtiards to difpute the rovereienty oitbofe 
feas, and the domiiuon of the fwiile 
jimerican 'world. 

I cannot conceive what b meant b)r 
the OTHER POINTS ^hkh arc left to 
the difcuffion of the Ptenipotiniiariet ; 
unlefs it is a fpeciHcal renunciation, on 
the part ofSfaitr, to any right, or claim 
whatfoever^ to Gilfra&arsM Portmahon ; 
' aslikewife a confirmation of our right 
to the bav of CanAeachy^ or at kaft of 
cutting iig^juood there, and gatherii^ 
£dt on the iiland of Tortugas ; for nei- 
ther our mnifiers^ nor ova pkn^entia- 
rUs, can po&bly give up our right in 
any of iJbe/e reJ^eSs^ under any pretence 
of jufUce to the nation^ or doixig ho- 
nour to the King, 

i have thus, in a curlbry manner, 
made a few remarks on tbh convention ; 
which, being of the u^mofl importance 
to Great Britain^ will no doubt be 
more particularly fcannM and examinM 
, by tbofiy who arc immediately conceit- 
ed in the confequences of it. But in 
this all mankind feem to be agreed ; 
that be it good^ or be it badi be it i^o- 
nourahleordi/bonourablei the whole me- 
rit or demerit belongs to onb sing lb 
MAN, who undertook the negotiation, 
and made himfelf anfwerable for it. 

How happy therefore mufl thai coun- 
try be, whole Prime-minifter is an abU^ 

honeft^ Mfinterefted^ upright man? 1 

will illu&rate this obfervation by the 
example of Cardinal FUury ; to which 
I was led by reading a paragraph in one 
of the Cologn Gaxettesy wnere an ac- 
count was given of the fuppos'd death 
of that prelate^ and of his Lft 'will and 
teflament ; in which the whole value of 
his ellate, except a few moveables, is 
faid to amount to no more than 1 300 1. 
Sterling.-— Metliinks, I fee that good 
old Frenchman making his ^willy and 
declaring, diat he leaves \as country^ 
twhich he found depiefs'd with deht^ le- 
diic'd by a bng and upfiiccefsfu! ^war^ 
ixn^'mitirepuiation^ abnoft dcftroyM 
by a 'Wild prye£tf and labouring under 
*a ^^r^ minority y now revived in its credit^ 
flourifhing in its trade, recover'd in its 
refutation^ and triumphing over its/or- 



mer enemies^ by whom it was tlios n 
dttc'd i fbengthen'd with uncommon j 
nion at bome^ as well as uni'uerfal alliai 
ces and infiuence over all Europe, — M 
thinks, I hear him fav» Heave Long 
to France ; I leave tliem Dunkirk r 
ibrM; their ancient enemy, thehoa 
of Aufiria^ humbled; and Flanders 
their power, wjienever they pleaie i 
take it: but, above all, I leave ic 
countrymen trade^ and nuffotfaSures^ \ 
my particular bequeib, hoping thii 
wul never want fufficient cncourag; 
ment to puifue them. Lafil^, I leai 
to my family all the read^ wmntf ncy 
in my pofleilion, which amounts to tl 
fiill fum of 1 300 1. to be equally d 
vided amongft them. 

Were I to compafe ibis charaOi 
with that iA another Priim-mmp^y wl 
fliall be naihelefs, 'how would the p 
rallel run} — After as loi^ andeveni 
abfokte an adndniftraiion^ can be ia 
that he did not find his coontiy In 
flour\finng condition? — Can hf uiy ths 
any one tax is reducM ? — Can be den 
tha^ after above tfwenty years peace, be 
a trifling part of the national debt liat 
been ducnarged, notwithflandii^ th 
ample provijSn made for that porpofi 
many years ago? — Is the rn>atatio 
and honour m that cottntiji eftabliib^* 

abroad? Is (he not involved in. 

multitude of tMcmprebenRhle and co^ 

tradidory treaties? Hath he coixa 

Hated, as heoc^t to do, the he^rx 
and aJJeSiom of the people to his ^pu 
Mafier? or, being utterly regardleU c 
all thefe, is he not content to fum ti 
the whole ^ith fayine; hem, I leav 
my rclations^J? oftlfe befiemphymem 
in the nation, for life; and to my elde^ 
/on, half a million of money, befidcs i 
plentifd proviiion to all my J^us^e 
children ? 

Common Sense, Feb. 24. 

Remdrb on Briti/h Courage in firmer 
times, and the Convention in our own 

BOTH Houfes having, laft yw 
entered into vigorous refbluLoQ 
to fupporf his Majellym whatever mea 

Digitized by VJV.J'V^/v IV. . MU9 

IFeekfy ESSArS in 

fines fluNild be taken in order to obtain 
jnftiOB and fiill iktis&fUon from the 
^agjordi, for his injured fubjefb, fuch 
lomixfaiile fqoadroiis were Itted out^ 
in odnfeqoenoe gf thefe refolutions, that 
we had no lefs than a hundred fail of 
ih^at one time in commiffion^ a mod 
inmiede expenoe to this nation. 

Oor mmiilars, ib fupported, have 
beeaaUe to prevail upon his Catholick 
UajcSty, \rafaoat firing a gun, to fign 
1 convention. 

Our Merdiants flattered themielves 
iaXj belbfe we confented fo much as 
to enter upon a treaty with his Catho- 
Bck Majefty, be womd have been o- 
y^iffd, by w^ of preliminary; to have 
laoqnced all preteniions to iearching 
our fliips; but this, as well as our 
i^t to oat Ipgwobd in the bay of Cam- 
ffachfy — to l^ing fait at the ifland of 
fmiuga, and alib the fettling the li- 
arits of FJorida and Carolina, (by which 
fe will be detennined whether Georgia, 
whkh hatii coft this nation fo much 
moaey, (hall belong to England or 
^ur,} arc rderred to one Mv. Keene, 
aod one Mr. Caftres, and fuch Com- 
oi&ries as the king of Spain fhall ap- 
point; which, no doubt, is as well. 

I hope the demand, which Spain fome 
^tais auno made of Gibraltar, upon pre- 
tace of a promife on our fide to give it 
19 to thoD, will not be referred alfo ; 
hecanfey by yielding to refer thines to 
Conmiiffiuies, it may be underflood by 
die Spanutrds as acknowledging tlie 
lig^ to be doubtfiil ; and we have no 
lofim, by what is paft, to fuppofe that 
han^ Commifilanes will decide a 
vnbtfbl right in our favour. 

Thofe v^o have no very good opi- 
un of the perfons, at prefent, at the 
hdm of our aSurs, have taken occa- 
fioD, fiom hence, to reprefent this tranf- 
afiioD as a miniilenai expedient ; for, 
% tbey,'if the minifters had weight 
lad crecfit enough with the court of 
^fam to bring it to thofe terms which 
tne nation expe6b, and to which we 
We an undoubted right, they have had 
time eno^h, aiod have wanted no fup- 
P«t to eflSft it i and the mal^contents 
M fttch infidels, they will not believe 

FEBRUARY 1739. 77 

that two Plenipotentiaries can make ufe 
of moi^ perfuafive arguments than a 
hundred fail of men of war. 

To this^ indeed, the friends of our 
mofl incomparable miniftcrs anfwcr. 
That if his Catholick Majcfty fhould 
not make tlSa^t concefitons necef&ry 
for fettling our rights upon a foltd foun- 
dation, we are 6it where we were j 
we may break off the treaty, and fo 
fit out new fquadrons. To which the 
malecontents reply, That this may be 

£ It to the Spaniards, but muft be 
th to us : — The immenfc charges 
wafie us, while they do not put them- 
felves to the expence of a dollar j .and, 
as Pyrrhus faid he (hould be undone 
by two or three fuch viftorics, we may 
be ruined by two or three fuch nego- 

They compare the politicks of a cer- " 
tain Gentleman to that of a bold entcr- 
prizing fellow who undertook to teach 
an afs to fpeak Greek, — The ftory being 
told to the Kint, he fcnt for the fel- 
low ; who refolutely pcrfifted, that he 
would do it id fuch a time, if he had 
a certain allowance per diem. The time 
was fixed, and the King promifed him 
his reward ; hut this condition was an- 
nexed to it, That, if lie did not perform 
it by the limited day, he fhould be 
hanged I and, accordingly, had him 
guaraed that he fhould not run away. 

The fellow being afkM, when he was 
out of the King's prefence, how he could 
have the impudence to undertake a 
thing that was impoilible? his anfwer 
was. That either the King might die, 
the afs might die, or, perhaps, he him* 
felf might die, bdbre the lunited tiftie. 

If any minifier has been teaching an 
afs to fpeak for us ; if, for reafons that 
only regard himfelf, he has been amu- 
fing the nation with things he never in- 
tended to perform, or knew he was not 
able to perform: as he has been much 
better paid, he ought to have the fame 
reward' at lafl. 

Don Sehaftian di la ^adra\ decla- 
ration, or proteil, in the name of the 
King his matter, which was made and 
fignM previous to the convention, fecms 

J^igj^zecl by VJ ^"^^X L^ tO 

78 Weekly ESSATS in FEBRUARY 1739 

to be an innofvatkin, in tki ihniiB and leiu fcr ncsptiatiini, flu)uU tempt U^ 

methods ufually pradifed in negotia- 
ting; — but his C^tholick Maje% was 
teiolv'd that he (houki not be mifunder- 

ftoody for he fityf,— wuUr thi 'va&ditf ««» hmw — ******. %v««. »««• wumm^^, 

gmd force tfihis fi^e/l, the /aid comten- Don Sebaftioih whom thou hadft to deal 

iioH mof hetrocuM on^ and in no other with in this knotty a&ir : it was not 

manner. — 50 that the convention feemi only Don Befyamin of X^ but anothei 

to enoge on their fide, laskthe^Aei 
Sebapiam de la ^mdra. what wul h»* 
come of thee? Jm Beiyamin muft he 
^-^ f nian**** Xittle i^dSt *'bo" confiderg 

to be purchafed at the price of receiving 
and a^rceii^ to this proteft ; andy in-^ 
deed, it is Cud, in the body of the proteft 
itfelf, thatitisby /vcijprvc^/a^rcMiMtf. 

Pintarchf in the life of one of the 'd^ 
loftf ions Rmans, I think it is Panlm JB- 
miUus^ after ddciibing the ftrength of 
both armies and theConduAof tmGe* 
neials, iavs, that which ever army ^aar- 
insJRmikns had ODnunanded moft have 
g^uned the vi^^piy.— I dpn't doubt, had 
all circomftances been equal betwixt oi 
and Slain^ btft whatever fide our mini- 
fters nad been empk>yfd in, muft have 
gained the advantag<e in this nmtiati- 
on i hut, to the miifartune ofSfmin^ 
circumftances and events were entirely 
on our fide. — I fay nothing of the vaft 
ibperiority of our naval ftreagth, which 
alone mim give wekht to any aivu- 
ments: — But the afiurs of Itafy beuig 
onfettledy the fitrther view of the court 
pi Spam with refpe^ to the eftahlifli- 
snent of Don Carhs, and their beiiff 
come to no perie^ underftaoding with 
the court of France, flamft have put the 
Span^ mhttfters under fuch diihculties 
in their treating with us, that thev nuift 
be obliged to yield to terms whidi they 
would not {ofomit to at a more fiivour- 
abkjondure; they muft have purcha* 
fed nUce upon any conditioos. 

It, therobre, moie honourable and 
advamaffeous terms have not been ob- 
tained for Great Britain^ by this con- 
ventton» and ihould not be obtained by 
the convention which is to fellow, than 
rverweitgianted to us before; Iwoukl 
advife thee, DanBemamia, to bid adieu 
to the laxKs aivd allevs of Ljfn, what 
thou hadft the good fortune firft to be- 
hold the light, and rteainin tbatooun- 
tiy «4ich hath done thee the honour to 
dub thee a Gentleman. 

If the Spaniandif who ate fo well ac- 
quainted with this Gentleman's excel- 

nerlbn, his advifer, of a much laiga 
neadf — ahead as fiitas his head m 
thy head put together. 

If the Spaniards think diey have re^- 
fon to be diflatisfied with this conventi- 
on, — the declaration or proteft befoa^ 
mentioned, might be focm*d on piupoic 
to gji ve than a nretenoe to break otfaod 
bmnagain. Thev may talk as the £sy< 
4» officer di4 who was taken prifonei 
at the battle of ^irnvnea; who,dinii^ 
with feme French and Spanifi officen, 
where the converiation turning upontht 
events of the battle, and fome oE then 
feeming to think that our fide had aol 
made the moft of it, he anfwercd pl< 
lantly,Let us change Gcnerak and wall 
fight the battle over again. -— The ^/M» 
mards may be for changing mioifteni 
and beginning the treaty again: butw^ 
muft bq; their pardon there 2 wckaew 
when we are well. If we ihould makf 
fuch a amcrfTiOB, they mijjht alb b 
defirous of having that great maiib vvbq 
hath made us b mighty amoi^ tliena' 
tions> to go over and dire^ all thc^ a£ 
fiurs : a matter which it woold be tb 
intereft of all Europe to oppofc ; fix; 
were Sfain direif^ for fifteen or fiacteei 
years by fo able a head^ it m^t g^ 
powerful enough to aim at univcr&: 

To fpeak noore fiuniliaily of this af 
fiur, I hope it is a good convention; foa 
it is a point in which the nation caimol 
be deceived.— The intereft of &|fi^ 
withrefpeA V^Spain^ is underftood b) 
every trading man in the ls$i^gdom.«* 
We know the ftre^;th« or^ to fipeai 
more properly, we ktoow tbawyalUcii 
of Spain; — we know wha^v^ havei 
ri^lit to exped^ and what muft ba ob- 
tained to keep the natioii kwa fiakinf 
into contempt and ruin :-— Thoij^ cm 
man may b^ BK)re prefan^itnoua aac 

Digitized by VJV_/K_^V I' 

W€$ktf ESSATS m FEBRUARY 1739, 79 

aoc^^inBpiiC thaQ aU, 00 one laao 19 raodon can prevail) pa^ for a dever 
ivHa than aUi asd th^rdoro up artifi- 6uow, •fpadaOy among ftockjobbm» 
cestt2ficEd^ ta00iic«9UcheftaU:ofoiir and ]ow nvfchankks wlio have a turn 

tokaavary; bat raiia fudi a man up 
X9 the gmt afliurR oi a natioQ> wKepe 
npt (Nuy tb^ koowlfdgi of bk 9W]|, 
but that of all gtlwr coMotiia^ b ahfo* 
latdy nccafiaiy, be it cm of bb ek* 
liumt: — He tf doing be knows sot 
wb»t» and goinj; be luowp nipt wbera : 
•!->He 19 fteefing in a vaft oo^n witb* 
<Ntt tbe Waft knowledge of ibt e0«p»6. 
If pfeCumpcioin and con^t (infimmble 
fo«ii ignoDupcc) poffirft bim» be will 
(ufer np nwn to come neat the bekn 
but bimfelf, and tb^n the gpvcninen^ 
muft ttoavoidaUy biSkx fliupwiaeck» on- 
kft he is tieated af it ii bwfiil, by the 

(aie, viQ do :-^ the multitude hath 
jnany eyes ; tbi^ have many that fte 
6r tbem, fome of which are perfons of a 
BMiecHfcBnui^ fights perhapt, than he 
idn fatten bkniflf they are all blind. 
• tf the s^eat afiemhly of the nation 
appiBwes of this convention, I IbaU 
oer&inly perfuade myfelf that it is fafe 
lod hoooorable ; for they cannot, at 
loft A^ wiUnotgive a fandtion to 
sadoels and folly. Some author, whom 
Ikave £>igot» indeed, tells us, that a 
fdiamut may vote, that black is 
lAite. — It may be fp 1 but black will 
^bbek ftlll» in fpite of all cjie votei 

atbewoiid. However, we j|re in no mritime bws, fiff the [ajJocs to treat 
jamr of any thu^ like this from oar a pilot^ who h^ taken upon him to 

mtent parliament i ^and therefore 

i iav. If it is approved, it mull be a 

Ti€ oomnf^ end ibeagth of tbii 
ntn hattk been fo often VU» that it 
cm never grow contemptible, but by 
SLCxucmB weakneis of condnft with* 

IB. If we once come to lofe by 

atieaty ncioie than it is poffihle we 

coodiiii tbe veflbl iA«tt»|xirt, and, by 
bU igponnce* is ninniBg it upon mcka 
orquiddandi. See. a tre»tiA^ D$jnn 
mariiim t^ na^folf* 

. Tbo'pi9videap0ni»ythiftkfi(lQptt« 
9iAi tbi« nation, yet I thiidt: it will ao^ 
|iermit it to £dL -^ AU ihegnevaneaa 
itbatbfttfo'd for a»n|ryesu« 'pall nm 
imstttedtooDeM— r; noris itoijuft 
codd Hole by an unfiioce&lul war, we to W ^ ^ hia chaige, finee, in the 
kB become the bubbles and dupes of ioipieiice of bis fecoritjr, heb^tboitea 
dKwndd. lam con^nttheieis tffken tkemall tqponbini6lf.-^-»He 

IS mocb good fenfe in the jyatioa at 
ibis tixne, aa when we made the moft 
I^Booos figure: If it is not bmugbt in^ 
to cooncil: and aftion, I am a&ud the 
.fiflttUes in our want of fpititaa well 
41 boi^y- — If perfons mean in cha- 
Q&er, and meaner in nnderfbnding, 

batb» indeed, been a difeife upon the 
nation, and th* whole wprjd isfick of 
bisii but be is aloioft comedo theend 
ofbiaiace; bebatbfilFd npthemea* 
iiiieofbis inkyuty: He may toittle 
for a ihort xepfieve, hnt be ift in tne 
toil, and never will 'get out ; without 

buU be ^t to negotiate witb fbreimi pretending to the ^& effcopbeey, we 
^^ it does infinite mifchieft 1 tor may pronounce bun faU'n^ It ii im* 

tky will be apt to ju^ of a whole 
aMien by the iample which is prefent- 
ti to tbem, and you will find infinite 
Jifcnlties in treating with a people 
dttt once oomes to de^fe you. —The 
mat art of gorenunent confix in 
homug the Seots of men, and »»- 
pontii^ tbem to fuch provinces vat 

from the natnie of human af- 
„ but the f{urit, or, call it the ge-* 
nius, oS the nation maft fl«t the better. . 
T- If the took that have bi^berto been 
hiis fupportjt ftill perfeveie to defimd 
him, they adopt his guiU, aod vofiSt. 
fhare in bis ruin; fi>r tbene is kuQtofm 
inftance in hiftory of a whole geo^lei 

wbkji tLey are difpofed by nature, and even in the moft arbitraty countnes* 

jbtod 1^ ediipition. — A pilfering low being a^^unH one man^ l^ they poir 

wvm^ eytremeiy <}uali&ed tp nuke a vail'dat lai|. 
oaoddent cootrad, or fidfify an ac- r^ t 

owiet, may ( 0kere impudence and cor- Digitized by Googlel^ 

8o mekfy ESSArS in FEBRUARY 1739. 

ing their names to a trath lie can lu 
longer defend. — Bat as thofe atcefta- 
tions only confirm the drcomlbuioes <M 
the fa6l, as related p. 68. the mentioB 
of them here is fomdent. 

Doa Sebaftian de la Quadra's Proteft, 
in the Name of the King of Spaim^ 
dated at thePardo, Jan. lo. 1739* 

DO N Sebafiian de la Sluaira^ Cwn- 
felbr and Firft Secretary of State 
if bis CatboUck Majefy, and his minijier 
Plenipotentiary /or the convention tvhich 
is treating tvith the King of England^ 
by order of bis Sovereign^ and in con- 
fequence of the repeated memorials and 
conferences that have paffed nnitb Don 
Befnamin Keene^ Minijter Plenipotentiary 
of bis Britannicb Majejfy; and having 
agreed *with reciprocal accord, that tbe 
prejent declaration Jhall be made as the 
ejfential andprecife means to overcome the 
fo much debated dijpntes | and in order 
that the /aid convention may be figned^ 
does declare in duefbrmy That his Catbo^ 
lick Majefiy referves to him/elf in its full 
force f the right of being able to fujpend 
tbe JffientoofNegroeSf emJ of Mjfatcbing 
tbe necejfary orders for the execution 
t hereof y in cafe the company does notfub- 
jtS berfelf to pay, tvithin a Jhort term^ 
tbe L. 68yOOO lAjbicb fie has confejfed 
to be owing on tbe duty of Negroes, ac- 
'cording to tbe regulation of c 2d. per do^ 
lor, and on the pnfts of tie flnp Peyal 
Caroline % esndUkevAJe declares^ That un- 
der the valiiUty and force of this proteft, 
tbe Jigning of tbe faid convention nurf be 
proceeded on, and in no other manner. 
Wherefore, upon this firm fitppofitinn, and 
that it may not be eluded, on any motive 
ortretext vobatfoever, bis Ce^bolkk Ma- 
jejty has been induced thereto, 

Wbbkly Mftc£LLAKY, Feb. 24. 

THE Rev. Mr. Venn, who was 
author of the Mifcellanjr of Fe- 
bruary 10. conoeming the dodlrine and 
behaviotxr of the Methodifis, and the rafli 
attempt of Mr. Whitefield in forcing 
himfeJf into a pipit, happening to die 
before he coula vindicate himfeuF from 
ibme mifrepreientations charged upon 
him, it jnuft give much pleafure to 
every man of honour and candour, to 
fte all the Gentlemen who were any 
way co^med in fumifhing him with 
intelligence relating to that £id, chear- 
fUly s^ their departed friend, by fign- 

72^ Citizen, N*a. 
Is employed to prove tlic i^Ht ol 
Great Britain to her pofleffions in jL 
rica, particularly to rf(]^igd[a; And 

Proves, by two dtations irom origi- 
nal grants from K. Charles II. that 
the ancient limit of the territories of 
Virginia (before Carolina, &c. were diT- 
membred from it) extended to the 29CI1 
degree of Northern latitude ; whereas 
Georgia lies in the 30th degree of the 

fame latitude. Whence it appears^, 

that St. Augufline itfelf lies withm tbe 
boundaries of the Britifh dominions ! 

Tbe cafe ^Richard CopiTHORNf, 
file ovnter and mafter of tbe flnp Bett^ 

THE faid Richard Copithome, be-^ 
ing bound upon a voyage from^ 
Meilina to London, v.-:i.% upon 3ie 29th 
June 1727, N. S. attacked by a Spanifh 
privateer under Turk ifh colours; and 
upon refufal to ftrike, ih'? privateer 
charg'd him with his whole frre, and 
l)oaraed him vvith a gre-.t number of 
men 1 which obll^^M him to take the 
neceilaiy mems *br his defence, and 
thereby fbrcM the enemy to put off^ 
leaving about thirty of their men be- 
hind, who were rciIxM to the ncceffi- 
ty of takinor to t'ac (hip's top, rigg;iJ^ 
and fides, where they could bcft be- 
ftow themfclves with moft fefety. 

The privTiteer, finding his mfcn thus 
left on board, and not able to compafi 
his designs ; in order to reeain his men» 
boarded the fh'ip a feoond time, with 
ftink-pots, powder-flaflcs, and pole-axes. 
Upon which the laid Copitnome dif- 
cKarged his great guns loaden with 
double-round and partridge, with all 
his fmall arms^ and at the fanie time 
fet fire tp his powder-chefls ; whidi 
obliged the enemy a fecond time to 
retih?. Tlio 

Digitized by Vjv_/i_^v iv^ 


^ CASE of 'Rich 

The enemy, finding they could not 
feice him to fubmit, refolvM (having 
littk or no wind) to take the fhip in 
towcv and by that means to cany her 
to the iiland of Alboran, ( being about 
mo miles difiance) there to defboy the 
ihi^ i^Q the racksy and pot every fool 
to the fword ; as afterwards appejued 
tobetheir defign. 

Copithome, findii^ himfelf in this 
defperate condition, gave orders to 
d&B^ the helm ; which brought the 
privateer a-long-fide : And making ufe 
of tkit advancagCy fired hisguns again, 
kaden as before ; which not only cut 
^ haHer of the privateer, and un- 
flt^M many of her oars, but alfo laid 
kr upon tne careen ; where fhe lay 
tvo hoars before fhe could amend her 
dama^ : daring which time there were 
about fifty of ue enemy on board Co- 
pidioffne*s fhip, cutting and deihoying 
snafts, faib, and rigging, and at the 
£lffle time a continual &£t from the 
nivatser at hisdofe-quarters; ami the 
Spuuaids on board were by their own 
kmx. fomly'd with fieih men and arms, 
•ft the ume boat carried off their dead 

After five or near fix hours engage- 
ment, Copithome's deck blew up bv 
accident unknown, the bulk-head fal- 
lii^ fiat upon deck ; and the enemy 
fixnn the forecaftle at the fame time 
fireda volky of fmall-ihot into the cabin. 
B^ the blowing up the deck, Copi- 
thonie^s foot was taken in between 
two planks ; which kept him fafi: for 
sa objeft of the enemy's crudty, who 
fiiapp'd feveral piftols and guns at him 
wblft in that condition ; and they 
iiipp'd him, and without mercy bat- 
ter'd, cut and ftabb'd him fo inhu- 
manely, that they themfdves believed 
him to be dead, as he lay upon the 
floor, naked, and weltering in bkxxl. 
After fome time, and with fome diffi- 
tahy, they got his foot d^r, and by 
fbtir men to&d him out upon the deck, 
and ^m thence into the boat, and 
canied him on board the privateer ; 
where he lay in the moil miferable con- 
dition, naked, for nine days before he 
malandbd: Uk which )iia« ^ Cap- 



tain of the privateer and CQmpaxiy put 
it to the vote. Whether th^ fhould 
murder the prifoners, and carry the fhip 
to Ivi& or Majorca, to difpofe of as 
they thought proper ; or fpare the pri- 
fbnen lives, ami carry them to Malaga^ 
according to their orders ? and it was 
carried by a majority of two or three 
votes only, to ipare their lives, and 
Hand in for Malaga. Having thus re* 
foIvM, they kept tne prifoners on board 
the privateer fourteen boon, without a 
drop of frefh water to relieve them i 
which oblisM two of them in that time 
to drink fdt water feveral times : and 
they fupplied Mr. Copithonie with no 
other mftenance than bread and fifh- 
bones from the Captain of the priva- 
teer^s table ; neither would they grant 
him a little fpirits to wafii hb wounds, 
nor in the heat of the day allow him 
the benefit of the amxng which they 
had to keep off the fcorcmng fvm, but 
•draw*d it afide on purpofe to torment 
hiio with the heat; which (being 
naked] blifler*d his body in a moS 
difmal manner, and the cold dew of 
the night falling afterwards, gave him 
as mudi uneaiineis as the wounds he 
received in the engagement. Haviif 
thus us'd him for nine days, they car- 
ried hhn into Malaga ; where he was 
informed, that the enemy had lofl twen- 
ty-four or twenty-five men, and had m 
confiderable number wounded ; and al- 
fo found that the fhip and carro was 
no lawful capture. Upon which Nicohu 
Holloway, £fq; his Maiefty*s Confiil, 
made a oemand of the mip and cargo, 
and all damages to be made good. And 
proper applicarion was alfo made to 
Mr. Yander Meer, Ambaflador of the 
States General then at Madrid, and 
Sir Charles Wager at Gibraltar ; from 
whom great hopes were conceived that 
the fhip and caivo would be reftored to 
the owners, and the damages made 
good, according to the true intent and 
meaning of the Preliminary Articles : 
but there came an order fiom Madrid 
the 4th Odtober following, to fell the 
fhip and cargo fo;" the ui^ of the crud 

^^^^"- - T. It 

Digitized by VjOOQIC ^ 

82 Tbe ADDRESS of 

It IS very ranarkabfe tn this iShk^ 
that the prtlifflinarv articles wete flgn- 
bd at PSaristhe 31ft May 1727, N. S. 
Whidi was tw^ty-nine days before the 
faid (hip was taken; andi upon the 
itdi June 1727, his Catholick Ma- 
\ttty aoxpted and fign*d the faid t«t- 
liminarics, tho* he detained them (cve- 
tal days beibre he accepted the fame 1 
and upon the 23d fbUowine» all hofti- 
Ikies ceasM at Gibraltar and the can^ 
Df St. Roche ; and upon die 2jth of 
the (kme mcmth it was publlckly known 
at Mah^ (from whence the faid pri* 
tateer fail*d the fame evening) and o- 
ther natts of the fea-coalb, which was 
font days before the faid ihip was taken. 

There have beenfundij applications 
made, in the mofl: refpeafti! and pref- 
fine manner, for rethtis hi this affair; 
And the faid Copithome hath made a 
journw dn purpofe to Seville, and at- 
tendea theCbmmillkries fome time, in 
hoptt of obtaining fatisfaftion (or him- 
fclf and the othcfr fulferers, which was 
attended With a gtcat escpenceand lofi 
of time. , 

The humUe Addrefs of the Rt. Hon. 
the Lords Spiritual and Tenopot^ la 
Parliament ailemUed. Fib, 1. 

MoH Gt^am doveteign, 

WE yntr Majefty^s fnojt dutiful and 
iajid fuijiasy the iatds S^ritual 

SI leA^ td rOnt^y^MajeJIy our humhk 
anksfdtyokr m^ grutiom Sptechfrom 
f^ft ttiv0tit 

Antmgfi the hiokv coit^nnctng fmfs 
hvMch^^mr MaJ^ %/lth givek, dfyoitt 
fatefnalaftiuWvoetirUicareofthe rights 
tfyoMTfedpky mhtng can JSl their bearti 
mJith ^Mre profrfuifeiaimentsy than that 
fincere and affeAi&nate contemn which 
you have fo tften declared^ fbr the maiy 
bardj^ps and injuries fitjfained ly your 
trading JkbjeBs in JimricM, The hmour 
if jour Majeftfs crown, and the true in- ' 
fereft of jour peopky are, and ever tAjtll 
ie, in/eparabk ; and asjokr MajeJIy hatL 
m au occa/knSy densOnftrated to the worU, 
that jou have both equally at hearty it 
*toas imf^Uefir us, not to have the fi-m*^ 

the Houje tif PEERS. 

ijldemdtna onymtt iuMl and vtgiJ^M 
*fir neir reaificuHty Mid ftefervaHon 

The fracious regard which jour Miii 
ftj ispUafed to exprefs for the rejb&tftc 
And advice f jour Parliament , is a gre 
infiance of your Royal goodnefs : And ik 
your Majejt/s conftant dejtre^ Out oftendU 
nefs to your people, to avoid involving tht 
kingdms in the manifold inconvenient 
of war, fftujt incline yak to appfwe t* 
hginning with more moderate meafkres 
yet we never entertained the leajfdoeid 
hut that true greatnefi and fortitwd 
which in^ire your Fff^ hrea/9, 'wtm 
induce yok to exert your utmo^power 1 
vindicating and proteBing our itndoteAto 
privileges of navigation and coeamera 
and in doing jujiice to fourjelf anil jm 
fabjeSs, if the conduS of the cosert j 
Spain had made fuch nathods nectary, 

We bqr leave, on this occafian, to ^fi 
fo your Majefly our unfeigned thanks fi^ 
your great zoodnefs and tondefcenfioH in ac 
^Suing IsfrL tie tbmi, tUa Cm 
vent ion is concluded and ratified hettuen 
your Majefy and the Kif^ if Spam 
whereby reparation is e^reed to he mem 
to your fubjeBsfor their hffes. bya<em 
tain ftipulated payment i and flenipattntt 
aries are appointed for regulatings voiihi% 
M litmted time, all thoje grievan^t and 
abttfes, which have hitherto interrtftei 
our commerce and navigation in the A* 
mericanfeasi and that your MajefiywA 
bepleafed to order the Convention and Si- 
parate Articles to be laid before us. 

We Jhouldfatljhort if tbofe warm rnt 
prejfions of gratitude wind we feel in 
ourjehes, as vjell as be v;anting in our 
dtdy, ifvje did not return your Ma/f/lp 
Our nifi thankful adnowledgments fot 
Jour Royal care, in making ufe of tlk 
confidence repofed in your majefljm with 
no other vievj, but the general and lofting 
benefit of your kimdoms. Reparation fw 
peft injuries andlojfes, and effeBuid /t* 
curityfor the future, founded in iif&ckk 
Widvjarranted ly treaties, have been tnt 
treat views of your Majefij andvour Pst^ 
Itament in tbts national and is/^rtant 
fair s and if thofe purpofes can be ati 
tained ivithout phmging the nation into 
woTi it mi^gi'wt the M^ fatifi^ ' 

Digitized by VJV_/V_7V LV^ 

Tbe AUDRESS of the Houfe of PEERS, 

UmB jmrfmihfkljMhjtBs, wiocamm 
haiUm dtfinm tofrtferve the Uace^ as 
Aef Ian M atui rtMfy to defend and nfiu'^ 
AtMit their rights Mgainft tie eMcroaeh' 
mtts ftdlagfreffors. 

We an de^finfiUe, b»w tmleeemng 
mdfermdetu it njuemU k, at any time, 
ttffer titber pr^adices or anim^es to 
lAfAm/ehtes *witb ParKsiihmitary dtli- 
kntHmsi amijom-Mgje/fy''sgracmure' 
I dHvMMbir t» at, f^rtkuiarfy to awid 

tkmaitbis tmfoffemt cotyaaSttn, tan- ^ 

MfaU toopwedten im as a toon than X ordeiT(Ef aU Ac dfedhof thcSouth- 
fliAitf^ cemtiom oa thai biad. Greai Sea company in the Weft-Indies to be 
hkaia heab bat oae commom iattn/f, feiai*d| which was rigoroully executed, 

and the goods carried by the Kii^*s 


emfwer theM demands and exfiBatkns 
if bis Idigtfy and bis feople ; and fro- 
mfe f grant fuchfnfpliet asjballbe ne- 
eejffaryfir the bonoar aadjecurity of bit 
majefy asid bis kingdms. 

TlefMiving aecoant baving been fent 
as h a ferfin lobofi knowledge and 
erem may he depended apon, lue thoaghi 
it 'wotUdbe agreeabk to oar lUaders. 

TN die year 1^18, the King of Spain 

a ij ji gig c* tbejetarity ofyoar Majej 
ftefta eaia gtventmitttf ana tbi *weh 

^ b^imf s of ymarftofbi Andnssben 
fat maj4^ is fkefed f exhort at to 
maaiadtf, it is oafy eaUiag upea us to 
mdi far oar own fte/irvatioa» We 
her^n baftecb year Mof^ to accept 
He J^mg^ aad wtfi affeOioaate ajfa- 
tuas, tkai 'voa isnU Xiakatfy and cbear* 

officers into his ware-homes. Thcfe 
dfefb (by a &ir account delivered to 
Lord Stanhope) aAoi^ted to 850,000!. 
prime coft.. The Spaniards, who had 
Doi^ht goods aiul negroes of the com- 
pany's Bidors upon tnift, took this 
opportunity, (many of them) not to 
pay their debts^ and there was no fel* 

fsBfc$itctsrinattfucbmeafitros^asJbail ling any negroes; which much en- 
h mfcmdadrve to tbofe great and if- creafed the lo(s of the company, great 


3!^H£ Hoofe of Commons, in their 
L Addiefs, ackimjMgi Ins Ma- 
^sgrtai gaodoifs in tbo conftant re- 
imd5s Ma^ bos hen pkafed to ex- 
fnptotbe petitions sad cmi^ints of bit 
^jeas aiod the advice rf bis Parlia< 

number of thofe negroes dviilg in thei 
company*s fettlements. And the in* 
humanity of the Spaniards went fo hx, 
that the Biihop of Caurthagena wcNild 
not fuftr any of the negroes that died 
in his Diocefe to be bitfied. All the 
while the company kept their £i£bries 
at La Vem-Craz, Panama, Portobel» 

mfiaresfor Carthagena, and Buenos Ayres, and 

digni^ifbis crown, and two agents at Madrid, which put thcn& 

ht^r^ ofbitpoopk, at bit Mi- to a veiy great expence ; fo that the 

I06 the company lufFcrcd by this fei- 
zure could not amount to kfs than one 

^taift proper dnd adpoatagtout, 
f cmmraMat o bis Mnj^on the 
of Su Royal tndtanmrty in con- 
fa Com v e sUi om vntb the King of 
^tafef, nssbereirt nparatioa is Jtkautted 
H Jr autde ana paid to bis Majejffs in- 
fntdfdjeSs, and Plenipotentiaries are op- 
pisMfhr regulating all tboje grievances 
md Jbnjes nvbicb have hitherto inter- 
^tMea oar coatmerce asta aavtgat^n , afuf 
firjtmtvimg all future cemfts andpreten- 
mtf compLiut, 

ihejf, concittdi nmth affmring bis iify* 
/^, that bis faithful Commons vAllef 
f^iuoMi fupport him in accon^ijbing and 
irtJ^iug to ttrft&ioa that great and tit' 
Sfffkrj HKorkf, in fuch a mawntf as tnay 

million Sterling. 

*Tis true, that when the two courts 
were agreed, the King of^piin onieied 
the efieds that were feized to be re* 
ftored ; but the produce of what was 
rdtored, (which was frnt to England 
by one of the company *s ihips ) did not 
exo^ 200,000 1. and confequently 
the company was' prejudiced by this 
lejxare mil 800,000 1. 

In the year 1727, when the King 
of Spain bdimd Gibraltar, he fent or- 
ders to his officers in the Indies to feize 
s^ain the company*s cfFefts; which were 
put lA cxwutwni -"* ''^ " '"''' ***'• 


For that I make tbt oHkft moan : 
Ob nuhijher bvi into her ear, 

Jbdmaiitbieieififfulbverbmon. • 

To the author of tbeScoTzVLKGhziTXt^ 
SIR^ GI^J^» Feh. jro. 

THe fiift of kft oionth I meiycdt 
the fbUowh« Uaa, which liai^n 
fomedung in them fo UDlike wh«t I 
have crver befiwe (bea upon the 

^4 Poetical ES UTS in FEBRUARY 1739. 

fcond fckure amounted to 900,000 1/ forjhat^ I drop the tnder tw ; 
and that the company fufieicd m6fe on - ■ - 
account of bad oebts, and not felling 
their negroes, than they had done by 
the firft. When the peace was con- 
dttded» the King of Spun osdeted a- 
sun the Qommny*s cfeds to be re- 
toted i but wnat was leftored did vpK 
amount to 190,000 h and the nco- 
duoe was iient to Spain by one oT the 
King^sihips, in indigo^ pieces crf'eigiit, 
and cochineal : When the ihip came 
toCadis, the ixxlifi;Q and pieces of eight 
wexeddiveied to tbecompany*s agents i 
bat the Spaniards kept tne ooduneal ; 
fo that the company did not recover of 
this fecond feizuie, above i^o^ooo 1. 
and were mater bfers by this tiban by 

the firft feizure. 

■ The South-Sea company, by their 

account delivered to both houTes of par- 
liament, received out of the produce of 

the late Dircaors eftates upw^irds of 

2,100,000 L 
The publick has allowed to the 

company, fince the year 1721, about 

1 7,000 1. a-year over and- above their 

Jour fir cent \ which in 1 8 years a- 

inousts to npwaxds of 300,000 1. 
Theie two mil&on) fix hundred thou- 

land pounds (except about 200,000 1. 

toU by the whale fiiherv, and fpent iq 

the building of a houfe} have been ab- 

lcMi)'d by the incroachments of the 

Spaniards, and the many pdrplexM and 

sntangLing difficulties they have raifed 

on account of the a»npany*s trade, from 

the very beginnix^ of the Affiento to 

{his day. 

SONG. ToO^. 

SWeet ifrantp love, oh hear nee mw^ 
And he^ to eafo a bve-Jki heart i 
Or rather aid 99 tremUing vow. 
Ami teach me to reveal mf Jnuart. 

TeUher, vMt geodnefi is mf bane^ 

Whoje looks l^JkaTdnipfeaee av/ayi 
Qb vjhiAer howpe gpves me pain^ 

Wbm tmiefifmag, fiwA and gm^.' 

^Tis net fir cemnem charms I/gh, 

Nor what the vaJjgar ieantj^ caBi 
*7hnother eteek, her kf, her e^e i 

Bm 'tit Oejenltbgi hz^t tbent a9s 

{ujbjef^ that I am perfuadcd Ae aotfaon 

wiU n>t blame my 9feiqg them fiar tlMk 

edification qf your madm. lam^&Tc^ 


IV S T B L L A: \ 

Widi a BiBLB for her ^iw-jM/^j ^^itfe 

QTrangefirefint,fait-oni, from a jmt§ 
ijj in kief 

A Y&atfent a wpn^s heart to movnf"' 
&M»f Cafiandra nughi have h^'IJkctefft 
Or Gmt Amadeas fy hisnviid dS/hrfi% 
Ovid or Waller'i ^er Bnes migh e^m ef ; 
Sntfrom theVhlt can love's pangs BefiM 
tts, Stella,yui this fureinjetme Mia^ 
nohoRjockhve hasmade in earB^ imik 
Nojmner hadth'AksigktyJornfdm^Jre^ 
jnfiatknhkfrd, andch^ in eachJ^; 
But nntanrbt innooenee to love eJkfA- 
And fir aheanteeas mate incefiint ftnafiL 
m boonvmttrdntid, ondldmlhu^hA 

Seat him fiOrEv^-^O! mg^thavejent 

me thee! 

The rdenting Fair. 

7efo na^h g oo dn efi^ love and triah^ 
What maidcmldhmm been demfbael^ 

WUte he the Idndef vows expr^^ 
Too cmil I conteneid his care ; 

New att bis pajponfres nn breefi, 
Ikve, Ihptgni/h, anadej^ir. 

What thd Immtmne^ late dijdaimf 

The Matlejenthnmald fire firgjtmn. \ 
AhmT no! -^Lifi would boa pam « 
> From one wkmlfirbad to live. 

Then, Damom, when fm gene, tonmei 

Accnje a haplefs lew» mmfd: 
mnb, fie who croffdtfy love before, ' 

^plM, fbd»aft0ltet^Ul00^^ 


fo^HcoLJ^&SjirS !«• FEBRUARY 173^ «$ 

ft«k«tfibr^/AfScotsMagUEine. bdkyc^ receive oonfiderable aManoe, which 

S/J^ ' EMnh.I^. 7^ yon can only merit by dofchr adherii^ to tht 

AFcw n^hts ^o two ajaids Ww oTyoiir Dc^. Tmr bimijf njjeB-wf/Ur^ 

afiniiie agreed each to^vriee Orlando^ 

V^fJt'^.^'^^I^j^y SONG. r«.^, TheAbhotof Cajiterbmy. 
Jrtr-xJIfi^ tl^worft to forfeit a A ParJoM^^boimghadt^biinrtMeiM^^. 
hAJkl awl while Agri^difr jt\Ufuiblefhm^ibnrSliJbckt0reJlrain. 
Mug What to chufe fw the fob- RefrhUfrmexUrUnct, anJ'wlat be badread, 
y^^Ac «ndlt^ wanting to^be That itfiiU'wM be Jo tiU the Deinl ^jmt deeui, 

• Denydfiw^ Sx, 

. . II, 

But, imu toeme^U him tffua^ith mat eafe \ 

For, M ^ eayeur eSmj^ butffwjee his face; 


Deny irwn, to» 

fiaTd, relieved them, and they 
apted to rsaSfot a CanJk. their 
Seme, — I was ampire; and ihall 
kf^ to &d the phblick of my 
ndgniciit. — However they m^y" 
» app rove d , they will moft pro-' 
ttdy re^ ^ world through yonr 
knos, finoe th^ are at rat M>r 
Hmfafliohs, n«r/, fa^f. T. A. 

S O n' G. 

TMr^lTie Lais of Patie'^ Mill 
W-^omtf m taper drns, . 
f Jkd^nJsitsfeebkreffi 

^tiJ m^ fmr returns . 

i ^ Jhiv ieMams is dfJajff 

[ WbemStfllaisawaf^ 

I ^'Sjats m bager' bright i 

I B^ frejhece brings ttfe di^g 

Ikr ab/enct Moves ibe mgbi, 

AsomnR.. Bj at^erentbasti, 

AddieIsM to th? C^e. 
Wbm Pbcebu^ bfoms are gjtne^ - 

^And Cjtahia^sjace our wtw^ 
Each meria{ eyewuldm^a^, 

Wer^t not fir he^ from jm .•• 
Fw, aided by thy glance, 

I Myri^s chmns fiiUfindi 
&# «n6 thee Hck^d to France 

WieMiW the fair Jeem bind: 

SIR^ fierwid, M. IZ. 

rk Xer. Mr. A&— b, I^- 
aor of Barft— de in Glou- 
cefterihire, 'Ming into the Qrche- 
iba at the feheaml of the Pericles 
of Siakefpear^ altered by Mr. 
liflo, g^ve occafion for the follow* 
lagfong; whic}» hasmet with the 
approbation of reveralprxvatecom* 
puiics^and mayprobaUy beagree- ' 
able tamaoy of your itaders. 
Several in this town approve yonr 
dHign, and from the gentlemen of 
the aimy, ^xnhers who have lei- 
itn forftKh puipofos, you will'I 

forlthtre^ pmbthefri^y mcemtefied h^ reigns, . 
(Vitb his daitgbters tie nfpfbs, atkihis £emenf 
the Jwams: . [fasm, 

'^rO ha/km to linden — m)here, thirfiing f9f 
J7i IMks r$hearfaln$xt morning he came. 

Penjdt^sMp Ac* 
Perdnelaythejhvih eauLleer^d ai Us g^ft* 
(Who-tfdev^ry comer injearchfor his n^) 
Thet^ ijfvmofdtfiance, f twdannt e d he flood, ■ 
PohttingJkUat the Prieft, HU he chUPdmUhis 
(bod* Derry down. fo;. 

fiat, being m$ver% Ah I Satsm, he erf d, 
rUromagemfwhobrace, kt whatever betide i 
Ihbngtr this fla£e with tly art Jhallabcnnd, 
Jssd vteremfe m^ry dttjh '^bile the chwvh k/es 
gnmd, ' Derfydtvm, &c. 

^ JkvU,^we/l M^d to each fbo$ of the weey^ 
Stefpingcrofst0thefiit hdtheParjeaaftreeyi 
Wbo,pttbiag aflrlttch ai old BekebaPs bona, 
F4ln»M h$0d om thej^ittrnt Hh flick on a drum, 
DenydtwM, kc. 


Jhfjr/lofdeceivml rasik fie to the jufl. 
Bow tsaiu was mfedth in thy.gaidastcetotr»/i! 
bmy dmrchfifiaJSjIt thone'verMU dafetoa^ar, 
f II ^ihif4slo*o as thmtfl tumbled me hpr. 
Derry down, Scq^ 


Jmatch,/aidthePevili if e'er J invnde 
flyfotacbiiv, or fraying, or hindfr thy trade. 
Let my fm0iment then be made full asfivere, 
Jsitmteto the fool who moves out of his Jphere, 
Derry down, &c. 

-Uioitizecl by VJV_/V_7V LV. a- 



7othe author of tbiSQOTi Maqaz<nb. 

5 /je, . ^k^rdteHt ft*. 16- 

THc following lines were writ bv a young 
Gentleman pf .1 Ji ftndcnt at the aaiver- 
fity here : If VQtt think they wffl be favoarably 
received by the pubUck, yoo may prcfcnt them 
in your next J»%tf»>'>«wl<>^^§c 
^ Vmrst&c, Favitor. 

Vj^lantisTQta, donaientb ibrnnia. 
rx^Ht twifikUngftars hadJ^ngPdaUtheJkies, 
I AndMn^Jbmbinfiai^dmf'UHarfdiytti 
jnen, bf ahvefyyot^hi^prikuh^dmM, 
myorejbining tfff^ks iven -wrf* kxrei^mdi 
'JJlenving tarment did hu Hmts Jitrmmd^ 
Which ha/ify hHHg, rnndcanUfs/uiifi tbegnmmli 
Which ftraight hetimch%4mdtkiumtkdmtjkttg: 
* m,gentkyouihf.ivwakiifyiffafitmi^. 
And try tjohat thoughts true bomiy cim.inMe i 
Where e<v^rj feature in herfaayou'aM 
Snveet as her iMrds, emd^hffy as her u^ud; 
StilientertainiuF, negligent of air. 
Manners refii% obliging asfie's/air 5 ,^ 

Engaging temper ^ rnMConthf-fwHt, 
VoidofaUfemakJrmJs^ and mean ebceit : 
Jfaturcga^ all the charms^ eouid cotfir, 
'And roM^d from others to hejhw on her, 
Defcriptionfaib. — Com, oentUyout^ he cries ; 
Whft words can't paint JbaBhlefs thfkt^ingnes. 
ThisfaU, Ir^i andfiviftajtho^hi^/tw. 
Where Jylvan beauties ofenU H our 'uitw \ 
Where nvarb&ng birds awake «ft chearfkldansm, 
'And fragrant beauties pabtt^tMnamelTd kswsmi 
When thus m guide : See yondsfgaf akove i 
^here bend tbyftefs, and fire thfjoul wth bve. 
^Dnsfaidy he Afaffeai'd : ^hen ftraigkway 7, 
Froud if his frecepts, readifyobej^, 
^he bvw^r Ienter% where, on ro/es laid, 
FairDtLiAfipt, in all her eharms amefd> 
Here al^ tht beauties that the world could hoafl. 
In this more beauteous ohjeS would be l^ i 
Here eiry d^trm thai PhcebOsjfoijf' i^^ 


1 found enhanced by various graces 1 — -. 
Jmax'd I flood, and view'd the beauteous fair, 
Nonvfir^dby Love, and now defrefi^iy ^ub^ .* 
hroe whifpers fiftlf. Steal a bamrf ktfs ; 
Fear^ bids mi flop, and dijaptroyes my blifs. 
But Fear ga'Oe way, and I, with eager he^^ 
Fkw to furround her dear dehfrue om^— 
But fee ! fife's gone ! and aU my joys an eroft,^ 
And ftatt* ring trankorts in' a moment kfi, - 
Ixion thus mght JunoV ^ar embrace, 
Atid claffdan en^ phantom in her place. 

MraTiLLo to Miu. 
kveymra! tbejeh^ 

Jitfl raised the infoMt fire^ 
Andkndkd in myfiamiug hreafi 

The rasvUbing difure: 
^Twas thy Jweet face that taoqgi 

Thjf beauty made me h^w^ 
* At Cs^id'^s altar Imufi huei, 

•And to his Jieptre 6w.' 
O cruelf eaayou hid me, tiua^ 

Ihrnn^e aire theje charms i 
Or,Ja isfufgisiation, die 

Snr^tur'4 in tin asmiT, 
Can one/o mar aUfd iaJstoft^ 

DesuMdjo hard a te^ y 
Or things that nature caseatt grma 

From a devotee afif 
Ho, Mira, no! Ican'loiey: 

fheflreamsfifaB backward rok 
And thou, Odamafi rofi, Jbak U 

AndfUaryhatthe piflei . 
My feeble mslfe fhaB ciafe to fUtf% 

iwK mnbspsrget to tuove. 
And ev'fy power be lafl in deatlhg 

Ifier I ihange fiy hn/e. 

. To the chaimiif Mifi -i 

DEck^J with fionmrs 
'Midfl (he bowers^ 
See my beauteous Chh* recliu^et% 
• So^ refefing. 

Charms dt^bfing. 
Ever fair but tte<vcr laud. 

Sad in angu^ 

Whik r£sngui/b^ 
Idnmis lend their lifi^niag ear^ k 

Me they pity 

^ fif^ ukty. 
Or isB contort fiso the fair. 

VaBies founding. 

Bocks n^f^atiMng,^ 
In confajf^on ^ak my moan ^ 


Chryftal fountains. 
All the plaint^ notes returns 

Faiif^eft creatssre 

Form d by nature, 
Jl^dly hear pur love ioufUani^ 

Tonry Jigbing * * * 

Be comfgi^f 

PffCtkal ESSATS in FEBRUARY 1739. ' 87 

fir facrifiet! 

0/ mym pi m mN t y sfeadnilrvw, 

Lai mjm fi m m/my sfemOntfimv, 
h de dm 4ttrjmh&my 
tmm/lnmb ber befytimom tvide, 
Pi/Skikiwg Beitaki^jjmgi/^ clhai ; 

Dtimmms io 4tBghi 
fkaSkm GmtPt wmn fimidahle fidt. — 

wdy tft I/I f^JtLttUf jHIT m O^ltUtfy 

hifmr Jk'vAmmt ahlaft^ 
dM/tmii aimrn^tanb, Jea and fiifj 
img tbefn^a^yOtidtccb^to ihtlafi!*^ 

— She hears the muJPs colly 

Jkd with ohediefit Snath 

ij^irej thi mjfiiejfrakt f — 
I Hark ! lark ! the fwelUng fiund^ 

Temf^s the air arimuf, 

Smaes the flee^fig main ; 
' Shakes tariffs rematefhaoid\ 
Ttertet the nftrj centre tf the hedly 

Jbid abaofinveJUm death! 

|mii/ Mur th^ M^aidatg peolrtMtw, 

Mm ^emrtfy d$afiutfi hear; 
lUr tfNmt-fewlr ami hu/e comftimflari 
y/mes cmfe tktir gaikfjttps fmjueJ 
Mm! agoMM it nj/Sbes md, 
Jidnukrfivma hiaftis^ chad! 
^ifam BaiffUaa catch thi force akrml 

Jady fo^d <with martial fotmf, 

lauaaiam Ferfoms army ' 
kiinem^ emulate thi Criek and Ruum 

Btft, dtath to homjt tfcs! 
hitamttcCs gekius Jhulwring Hesy 
}femhtatelf Jcfi Oft carpets ^ady 

^tfte tie hotmsrdbk Jmud 
%t budles virtui thro^ thi luorld^s vaft 
Nafd'with iagbrims peaci, 
Emrvated nvith Jloth And eafi, 
hit$ a&Jenfe tf emulation dead! 
Ber MfeU/s fineld is hnrPd afidcy 

dndier negkffed lance. 
The ferftr ente fftremhUng France I 
I^fiaiHfkl Cifids wantmlfbefiride. 
llneml'djte feels her idle lands 
fma^i nvith goUcn hands i 
^^nBor^daml'tm * ' • 
Pnf Viitbir^d fiwn btr hrow^ 

Ob where are sUl her ancient hesmtrsfownP 
Her Sinattrs of high remwn; 
Her Fatrietsy fach as dar^dmnihftand 
^/hfums iffow^ry the charms of nidi 
Made freed epfreffim quit her greedy h3dy 
And from the jaws of ruin Jnatch^d theu^ 

^Thai guards their awfiddufly 
And the hi/Man's faithful fogey 
Are the file relics rftlfot uAler aget 
Uukfs tbeuy Gedde/sl thy awakening foam 
Can rrnxe the mighty dead cwaiuy 
Grvey git/e thy fruit lefs labour der, 
Aiid ftitfor ever this degetCraUfoere f 
fame'^ tohefeas^da^hfanj'n^sfiverefirody 
And night-hegot Oilivio^ nmrfoiffd us 
a Godm 



7o Mr. M a;.;-et. 

Oc afio nc d iybdngat theitpidqitation 

of Mt7STAPHA< 

^"T^O trace the ^wrkings of a monarches 

X mindf 

Hurrfdfypaffions ofthegkemy kind; ' ' 
iufotnce the i^e effoQs from thence frocecdy 
Where few^r rives fanBim to the hlacksfi 

Where dt^ardflanes theMreign^s nod shy y 
And yield up aU their rights to lawltfsfivay : 
To figure virtue in its truefi light y 
Anafonv that what is good is ahuays right: 
Vice in its nativf colmrs to revealy 
And mark the fiqretpaugs the vicious feely 
Such as too eft amhitibn does impart y 
Toftah theguihftatefin^n to the heart: 
Tbefe haft thouy A&lfet, heautemffy dijplafdy 
Wtth nature to conduQy and art to aid. 
Nor is thy tovPring genius here confoCdy 
Bettndkjsas nature adiw in the mind : 
*7is thine to Bid the tenJcreft paffious rifiy 
And call the generous tear from pitying eyes ; 
To nvakefififirrows in the hreaft hmauey 
ThcOfcels fir fojf ring virtue namekfspaiu ; 
F^d andctta/tefi morals to impart y 
At'once to charm and to improve the heart, 
BM^aScxiphBLlhe proof y vjheretkas\d'w$fod 
Senfiy conduBy ieautyy wit andjndfment 

JiWI #tL)igitizecl by VJV.fV^/viC "^ ^ 





Undm^ Tel. 14: 

WE h^ive already been bfeftM with 
two mafqaerades this feafon ; 
. thq laid of which was . remarkable for 
the number of Gefttkmen and lA&c&y 
« and the inconceivable variehr of their 
drelTes; the tafte for thefe ndhionable 
difguifesadyancing every jrear ; it being 
already the ^leil thii^ maginable to 
conceal a daishtei* from her £ither» a 
lady from her hu/band, and a gentlenian 
fsom the knowledge of his moft pene- 
trating 9onlbrt. — Some divorces are 
*" • talked of, and people are weak enough 
to report that feveral Ladies drop*d 
their repatations at the kft of theie 
b^ \ but I am of a contrary jodmei^ty 
^ believing the greater number of luch as 
' frequent thefe ailemblies too nrudent 
' to oarryfuch a charge along with them. 
-—A Gentleman contriboted much to 
the am.a&iQei)t and.inftr^dipn <^ the 
company, \rf having his robe coverM 
with ballads, Cbi^cbafe^ the Wifa^ 
Bothy and.THE Lady*8 Fall, being 
placed in the ftroi^eft lines of psrfipor 
^ve; and'patticu&r notice was taken 
of two F^lt, who quickly retired tp 
a neighbouring bagnio. 

Mr. R-chy mananrof Covent Gar- 
den theatre, is ptoSgioofl^ difoblige^ 
• at the tows fer not approvu^ the im$ 
tragical t J9gedy that was ever oifbred 
thepuUicki ^hOMgh the author ailures 
us it was onde peiftfUy agreeable to 
that Gentleman*$ tafte boore it aj^- 
pearedl This motlv piece was for fomt 
time intitfed Tbe Wncks 9f Inn9cencei 
but, before it was perfbrm'd, that name 
was changed for uat of He Fatricide: 
Though Mr. Steriing had ^Written a 
I^y ofa good deal 0? merit, with ^t 
title, no more than four years ago. 
Many were furprized at the motive of 
preientinfi; thtsparricidt to the town at 
lb critical z jundlure \ but when it came 
to be known that the author belonged 
to the theatre, no body wond^o^at 
its creeping fiom behind the fcenes, 
who ever h6ard of thp Tanner 9/ Thri^ 
and fome other pieces with which thofo 
aOive Centlemetf have obliged us. -«* 

Shakefpear's.bqi^ a Oiyndym has- 
tum*d the hum 0t too mahy of Ids 
fupoeflors, for mk Q Mar h « BKidi' as 
M#4^# can reafoaably cspeft. 

I^ night IiUMiitto Uwary LuMt to 
fee Mr. iSMt'$ trttjady of Mvst afb A 
aded for the fidl time: Tlie pit wmm, 
before five o*c]ock, fiHadwith Gentle- 
men who made avmpolile appeannce^ 
and vinere mo^ of^ the So^ naticiM^ 
the author having been fone time m 
domeflick.of hit' Grace the Duks ct 
Montroie. Confidpnfale eijwfljitioiis 
formed of a 

were tormea ot a geania wn 
fome years ago capable «f yradoriiig 
the jttfUy admmd ti9^e^ call^ faer^r^ 
£ce. Before the ovtam drew 1^ fome 
Gentlemen crouding themfelves ^amo^ 
the muiicians, fff^ve occafion tp convince 
the ^hok audience^ that, fhpuld tl^ejr 
be found necefiary, a fufficieht quantity 
ofcat-caUs^and Q^r jniUiunenta of 
theatric^ damnation were provided; 
but the whole play was .afied withoiiC 
one hifi or other mark of diflike. — ^ 
To fay the truth, thelangui^isin'g;e- 
need fbone, andmanyoltheattofidaa^ 
Rowing; :Uie dura£ters well choCen.' 
and the jncideot^ natoral enoogh.-— ^ 
Yet I am focry to fay it,, the /^ ^^ 
foiption;, and the moft mmtmg.i^finjs 
pafieJ IS filencc^ while any calial cx- 
prefiion which was capable ofbetn^ iik 
t ero ieted ipto a meaning rniintended 
(I believe) by the4»thor, siet with the 
toadeft ttppbuifes. Thechaiatesare^ as. 
wdl as 1 can remember, S dam m ^ ff m|i c ■» 
n>r of the Turks I iM^^yhisekfeft 
foil by a former Q^n; ^Av«£«i£?, his 
Empieffi; a fon ^ herS; the Granj 
Vizier I the Mufti; and a dai^^iter of 
the Sophi of FerCa, privately married 
to Muilapha.— The Vizier and tlMs 
Emprefs, affiftedt^ iheMofti^ contrive 
theiuindf Muflapha: To refcue whos^ 
from the &te that thrcatned him, his 
brother, the ion of Roxalinda, contrives 
a rebellion in the army, and comes to 
his relief, but too lat^ i in the confieft- 
the Viauer received a wound^ of which 
he die^ after owning his euilt: On th^ 
f^ht of Muflapha^s corpfe, his brother 
fbbshimTelf; the Emprefs fues.for 

Digitized by VJ \J\J^ iv^ ^^^*V 

iiidk^ Ijat Sbhrman ibr« lier to five^ 
that Ae may uilfa' die pangs that mtift 
ittcaidiercrilne. ThelemeUceswhicli 
Uame the Vixkr, under tlie name of 
a&dthole ' 

f/VBHj iiBiin^ 

Jum fidm his' fiitlmv *Bd v^iere lie 
rows Lis deftniakm. fhe lines whidl 

Hisrokr. s^ 

. NbU'Maiftrkar, an A^enttdxiQt dkd 

laid oomt, had a plea with James Co^ 

cbanofHilL Towards the end of dw 

rammer leifiony a complaint was hdd 

, , berore the Lord Drommotey QnHxBuy 

in yMxS, Prince Mufta^ in that caofe, alMgmg there h^ been 

of the Vkier*s feparating vitiations of the fummons and exccuti^ 

ons relating thereto. It beii^ then 
near the doie of the fefliony his Lord- 
ihlp ieakd up^ the papers till November; 
pfben, tfaejr were open'd in jprefence of 
the bench ; and Ins Lordflnp reorived 
direftions to enquire into the af&in 

sad tfafe'^lsad infloence Rbiodinda 
orar SofyrsdiSi, weredifHngdfhed; and 
lAexe the Biiiperor. or Mdftapha, fpeak 

k the proteftion Sat to fubjefts, and In conikpenoe dt this, when the evi- 
& ttDtiSffiiy ^idendflgany Intak of- dences came toW esnminedy Cochraii 

find flietaiiy the applaufe was veiy great 
—So that, upon the ididle^ I think 
die fiift silt's focoeis of this well 
wilticD .tmg^ moit owing to the hu- 
Boor of die IpbRsLbon than its own 
merit; ib fodd are manldnd of impo- 
fii^ thdr.Own meanings iip(m the words 
of others. Your countiyman, Mr. 
IH^Jlety merits fucoefi, and I heartily 
wiih. he may meetwidi it. 

We have got a new dance, called 
Wi^hmnfier-Bruij^i, which fome con-f 
dcmu as too flow. 

San^ a new oratorio, b^ Mr. Han- 
deiDy has been perftnn^d twice, to fplen- 
didylmt thiii audiences; zxyiMxan- 
^^s'Feaft, written by Mr. Dryden^ 

depoiied. That Macvicar had prevailed 
on him^ for the ium of L. 70 Steriii^ 
and other valuable confidentions, to 
drop the comdaint ; but had, at th6 
ianie time, obliged him to give his bill 
fer the (aid fum» that, in cafe it came 
to be Quired into, he might iay, th^ 
money was for value receivra ; and psx>- 
mifed to Ginoel the biM after Cochran 
ihould be examined. This hSt was re; 
fiifed by Macvicar; bat he acknow- 
ledged he had a blU on Cochran for 
that fum; yiA^h, he faid, was grant- 
ed to him for the expence ot the 
firft proce(8,determin*d a^inft Cochian . 
The Lord Drummore ordered the mo- 
ney to bfc broc^ht in; which wasdone^ 

and let to mn&k by tne fbremention*d and lodged in his Lordfhip*s hands. 

GcaHeman, will be performed at the 

Qwra-hbofe on Saioxday hext. His. 

Miyefly IS this evenii^ feeing the Em- 

fergr tf'the Mom at Covent Gardeii 

theatre^ vidiidi has been honoox'd with 

Us Tcytii piefenoe twioe this (eafon al- 

Ridy. — A new pantomine is daily ex- 

peded there; of which, perhaps, I 

may g^e you fome account, if I cax) 

reme it to words. lam, &c. 


Bat Macvicar had indorfed the bill to 
Archibald Madaochlan Merchant in 
this city, who Inmiediatelv caufed ar« 
reft the fom in the Lora Ordinaiy't 
hands. This was done whfle his Lord- 
Ihip was in hb robes, and fitting in 

! Such a daring infuk de- 

EDiHBtracH, Fdruary 1739. 
'1 ^HE company of Comedians be- 
j^ big prolecoted before the court 
of Seffion^ their Lordfliips, after hear-; 
ins coondl on both fides, found theni jail till the matter (hould be further en- 
flulty, and decernM for the penalties in qnir^ intOi After the evidences were 
the we aft againft ftroUdSi ... - LgtzeibyvjvL^v^xi -exA- 

ler^edpaiticukr notice, fhereforethe 
cafe was inmiediately reported to thd 
Lords ; who, juftly aftoimhM at fuch 
condu^, ordered Madaochlan to be 
inunedktely fifted before them. On 
his examination he piWaricate fogrofly^ 
that their Lordfliips were obliged to pro- 
nounce a fentence proportioned to his 
crinMS. At th6 fame time, it appeared 
that Macvicar had been his prompter; 
on which account he was committed to 


examtoBd, Mamcar xnovd^ bff P^ 
tition» that a day night be appointed 
forliearing*hiscaii&. lliis was aflieed 
to by their Locdfliips; and, at thelame 
tim^ diey recommended, to the law* 
yen for the Crown to purfiieon thecom- 
pkint. ThiswasdonesandhIsMajefly*8 
Solicitor (hewed, by an induaion of 
circvm&UKXSy that Macvicar was gttil^ 
not only of the vitiations complain*d o^ 
but Hkcwife of Aibomation of penoxy. 
His Council replied: But his euift a^ 
peared fo f^n, that the bench unani- 
mottfly agreed (though with a viiible 
concern) to pronoonoe the fbllowiiuE 
tmaace, vac. '' Find the (aid Neil 
MacFicar, being a writer, and bdne 
an ofdinary prulifer in managing of 
. caofes before this court, is gnilty of vi- 
tiating» xazin(^ fuperindudng, and un- 
warrantably utenng a fummoos at his 
own infiance againft James Cochran 
and bthms, part of the record of this 
court, and the foundation of the pro- 
ceedi^p in acanfe betwixt him and 
the fiud James . Cochran depending 
therein: And find, That durmg the 
cburfe of the prooeedingai upon this 
comptain^ the (aid NeilMaaricar hath 
been guilty of many undue, finifboos 
and criminal prances, in order to Sd&c 
the complaint, and conceal his own 
^t ; bydaodeftinely inducing the (aid 
James Cochran to tran(a6l rxpw^ dif> 
chaige, and pais from the (aid com- 
plaint, after the (ame was tabled in 
ludgment; by givii^ him conlidCTable 
lums of money, in order to induce and 
enable him, under fal(e colours and fidti- 
tiSus pretences, to give &Ue evidence 
in the courie c^ the examination; and 
by endeavouring to perfoade and fob- 
om Archibald MacUuchlan, a y^itnefs 
adduced in this cauTe, to commit per- 
jmy, and give &lfe evidence upon his 
examination; and by attempting to 
imprefs large fums of money into his 
hands, in ord^ to enable hip. more 
efie^biall/to dilg^fe the truth; and 
by affirming and inMing up<;[n many 

•gn^s &lihoods in ^en court, now ap- 
pearir^ fo: Thbreporb^ the 
Lords ^haye declared, and hereby de- 

clare, the^ laid Neil Macvlcar to be, 


front henoe fiMthf*' and in all — , _ 
miiv^in&mous, and incapable of awl 
pubudk tmft or office, or of paffiog 
uj^^affizeor.inqpieft, or bearing 
witnefs m any .cauie or tnal i And do 
herel^ declare his mlcyveable ^joodb auid 
gen to be efcheat a^d ftrfeitKl, aind 
ordain the fame to be inbiougbt fer His 
Majelty*s ufe : Further, the Lofds do 
baimh the (aid Neil Macvicar, durii^ 
all the days of his ^, forth of Soot- 
land, irom and after the firfbday of I^o- 
vembernext; with certifka t ioo, Tlsaat 
if, after the (aid firft day of Noveinber 
next, the (aid Neil Macvicar (hall be* 
found or apprehended within any pait 
of Scotkna, that he (hall be immedi- 
ately committed by warrant of anjr 
Ms^iftjate or Ju(Uce of the I^ace lut* 
ving power of cominitmQi^ to thtnacf. 
fure priipiiy. and /hall be tranfinitted,; 
with the firfl conveniency, by die 
SberiflTof the county where he (hall be 
fo conrniitted, to the ne^ct Sheriff, aad 
fo forth, from Sheriff to Sheriff nsatit 
he belonged in the ,tolbopth ot Edm- 
bursh, these to remain until an oppoiv 
tumty ofier of tranfporting him to one 
of hisMajefty*splantations of America i 
andfhall thm m deli vered over by the 
Magifbates of EdinlNwh to. any mer- 
chant, (hip-mafter, or oSier peifon^iiriio 
(hall find furety, under the penal^ of 
L, 200 Sterling to tianfport him to, apd 
land him in one of his (aid Majel^^s 
plantations; with certification, That in 
cafe he Scotland at aiijr tim^ 
thereafter, he (hall be punifhed with the 
hidieft pains that msiy be by law in-a 
filled uponperfons returning fiom faa- 
nifhment or tranfportation : And tht 
Lords ordain the (aid Neil Macvicar 
to be now carried back to prifoa, and 
there to remain till the nrft dj^ of 
Soiiembernact, and then to be dtteiifi* 
fed out of nrifbn, in order tohisming 
into banifhment, as above acHti^ed^ 
And they appoint this their 2eiiee:i»cp 
az^ judmient to be recorded in tlieir 
books oF Sederunt, there to remaiix to 
the terror of others from committiiig 
the lilce practices in time comins.** 
The Magiilrates and Council oT this 


2>OMSSriCX UliTORr. 91 

itdBMofcMtim j i yMiii OMtJMttiall^ Tbu tlie nn^afieoturict m^ be i&« 

1^111920^ betwixt dMB, the jHCs* ftniaediDpiovyde&rtheiiiAtyfifdiat 
i^,iiAkifk4USMtti wfaavbxtiifr colMf , in flc{;kid that Mr. Genldiiiow 
ifkorcfc^DclfsiiiftmwatlodgBdiii in a ktier daM aift Stttesiber 1736^ • 
^BOiDeaiveEod^orMMjjintfna^ totheJXilKof Newcaftk,4<bts»That 
ttko. ThtsfaoMaMomnBinUbf Geofpa is cjcpidlx nut of the tcrrfacMy 
iktmiMiiOMVotetff thebcacki aad of theKiinhisiiutfcr. 
fc l li yfl i lMu yeee wftoml to their Richeiif Copidionie, oinier of the 
MjghiofpatrohaKittl thefe Bettf GoHy, lad the wmen of the 
^mmibKoL UfdGaUy, William IV«t(elxC^«iiii» 

it<suifehe<vi^ap(iAn«rhDhid hodi taken in the Meditenslaceii, and 
lin an M»r£ition to a Meirhaiit'a casaed iato Mahpi, too %nti« the 

Bwaiiiiy note^ anil another ariy had lyrfintiaariiia, hare likewife pfffaited 

:iathedAtof'»haad8 Aehrxafe to the Houle. 

fct bdAtof difri ndarfcr, thtir hatir Petidoni hdire aUb heaineApied 

■p jjadond'the^ jticAcf • hjr the Merchants of Le n dM % BriAol^ 

1kMeidiantsQftfaiicit}r»ofGhif- Lifcipool, (^r. and by Tfaomaa lloffl» 

iw^ liaataofi^ fiindee^ Kiif^Hn, &*r. ome»of ffaeSanh, JafenVau^ 

thok-Bertnck^ Danhar^ StkliaLand dnn Malkr, newly airiytd from hia 

IWUmBiil^ H** 0- ■ "^V^'^V'^'M nurifauMBt in tild Spah). 

fakioai to pariianifnr, payjafc Har Sevend oonplaint».^av« been hud 

tkiaman trade nur be fine and hefine dr Hone of the decajrpfoar 

Jn,tariyp>e»aHHii li ftwn thafeaich wopUen manufiAuei. And 

GaudftCoia^andnaationiittde Tke liomber of hudi Amm far tho 

fclkiliBHuiri Bid hdJajKhwri^ fcr oncntYcar.^da* I7»7a4(thefiuneaa 

tainoil^ hdk year) waa wngrted and apred ta 

, ^ . hf a maJQcky ot near 60. Aa alia 

LoK90K» AJraarf 1739. , t/)oo leainiin (at 4 1. air flMnth an* 

i:hi Ui enkmi the'S. 9. Ota. nun)«ae«Mdfcr thefarkepftiie 

iiiv^iadlnBfttotheXingin lyjf A caivenr year. Snranl aocounti fyere 

khUfadbBtbettit It n*a niored, mdnaedftoip the war andMnr office 1 

teliieI)heaaa»«rdMtGoafiiy» anifhefqn of aaa^^l* ia ofdaaad 

(■toKBtei) Aorid attahd at the IbethaCMinaiyofttanarr* 
v>liiirtheadme6, and when the con^ 

l«teftMkH)eoon(aktedi bat both The|iima*j*titiOTof|heIi»d 

NdbBiwciecaRiBdinthenaative.T AUarnicii,aii4Coaixnomof the d^r 

lW B»tioipiiieia 'mfri(r H dk. ^iljmkxu in Comnon CoiBiql af* 

BoafearOMomwi, andcanMinthe tabled, Omid^ 

Mpttivc^'pw. one ior hwiig hefinc ^^jTSBm ibi ckmem if ItmJbm m im 

^ -, ^--5^ -_^iio a ceftata • m. awy^ '■ws'"'* •• ^oaawaarijr* 

Afaialy tDdieGoranof»oft)ie9ri- fiSiAiirmde fM$M0im^ a»f *#»* 
fihfhaWHMi 6rr. tie olhar ior oose fnfi At wimf mmm^ fif $b$ ^wdfim 

f>h]ihaWHM| C^r. tie olhar ior oast fnfi ike wbmf Mtutfn^ \^ ibt ^wi^iv§ 

C' o£theiBacnia«Q^ikh^f^r,{ii!e- ^Jfr^Ainij^ ef iiaiei^f Jmte^mm 
. 4tpti^S4i«or%«unorfaitMi^ ti^l o»rfir« w^^maeraMr^ 
pfca, tiiimtn mf muAk f pefnfi, md ihf^ 

.^theaoUiCitionoftheeaqn- ttredwib^tr^ttJrisMty^'^s^ilmtn^ 
^faMHcrdiants.ownenofihipi urn €tkmli$, fiiU imtmm *4^ ^ ^ 

«>^«krfi4»enbyS{nnt(hdqpnd^ fii^^/5^/i» j^an^t ^c;^ i^pdriii^ 
If^uepmmng petjtiQi^'MDnDg ^MmBrfbMrjv^i^Krv^ 
wdd^ and cnying to be admitted tbmMlt^ itereh, mdmsAtfntfff ef 
^^^}«tQrdie£.9CJxx>tobexenit- JBhiri»iiif^ >M7a^ A&rl4a^>^ 
ttdfemSpai^ ' fims^ in mMM^efin^thaimrfthi indies 


fimt tb$ inukfimntbiji bu Mtji/ffs kfiji fitU ftbifo unbifff cmiUki ibtfi 
tatgiom l» to AmirUm evbrnts^ is rf Smubff mfHhini^ thi frtfiMt kwjimt^ 
tbi uhmft imftrtMeif tmd 4ik9^ the m' pf tbt Srhi/b €$imkt h Jimrkm, tmtf im 
if frtfkakk tradi this matwi Mw it^s, agrtmiwmm/mtiemttnkiiidi andifik^ 
mtrivatd'lytAeni mud tbe^ mart im* crmi U ^ mh rn nt ^ thi Rmgij/b /mihrs^ 
Jkcii t9 bifi firm bU Mig^^s bmtm' m)b^ bmd fMe bms ibmmn ibm iaf ikt^ 
poJbufs, anifaumal can f Ms /^ bsmistftbe SpmUbrds, JbmU be fmt m^ 
fsas^ fitffmHily ibe ndgmms r^/imtms wdmi mif rtfmrMsm^ ymr piMmtrr 
rfbt&bm^s rf farUmmit, mdtbit- bmMf tf ftbfui^ it may bi ibt wmmte 
mufrntwit if anmy fwnrfitljUHy tku ff dtinrti^ t6ifimmiM frmmmlnlmbn^ 
bis MaiMs iriU^Mieasisstbi ferns vm^ m tbi feas ef, Jiisii^iuh nsriibimi 

^M^ffifs trm^fiJ^s hi tbi ferns nftif^ m tbifeas (tf, Jiitericih nsriibimi 

ifibeQee^^nmsUmtmttfbmnnenwd et mstf Ober wU wot bi abb t^Jbffmt, 
4S full JoHsfsBim fir their kfis eeca/St tmir petitiomts tlfirifm^ bmmg bdd. 

miaibytbeskfndM$inisafSpain,biiiml' b^e this bmmrabk bm/i, the b^k 

fe an unimmii feptritf fir tbdr cm- imfortance this trade isefH the ifa^Jhn 

SHereeftr thetisae t9€9mt aMd.tbmta im gdural,asut this citjf ia fartiemiar, 

reaJmabltamladeftaterefaratiemvmU ebemrbtjt their issdi^iAk datf^ tera* 

kkewife have been ebtaimedy fir the bar- frejeiti, im the m^ bmdle aad ref^eSfkl, 

barities aadinbaamne ertukies exercifed mamser te this beamrabk bmfet tbe/m^ 

bjf that natiea en the Sf^lf^ feamen, talMfemmnees tf kmenag tbefmdmef, 

nvhebavebadtheunbiffimjieffal&ng naeHgatsenasiymnger imfi^eneeeasdtue^ 

into their mereiUfs bamb. eertaintjf: fbef tbertfire bamUy hefa 

Ymir feHtimerswmfe hamUf beg kave this benearabk bemfi wiS* tinbs it Mfe 

to ti^fi their great ceaeem andfirprisoe matnre drliberatiem, easd-dgtberein eu ttf 

ufiu^ by the cmiventiom latefy conckded thehr^greai ^uifdem fiail feem meet. 

J^*^ i£' iS^ ^i'** *!?/-^ And yoor petitioners fludl pray, »c. 

from grpii^np their {sunvebmibif^ EPITAPH on a Budornpt. ' 

fribend) mnpfi freten/bns rf a right te Mmidmufemr fifcredltersfieaUiemeJi^ 

wfiandfearehem^fiifeem the feas ef ter enee a debter auvy be fiand ai haaeti 

Jbneriea^ thai this pretenfien ef theirs is, Bf death ahl^ed, aad im Jail here Jkid^ 

amngfietbars^repnredtetbefnhmem* niStkfibeUAttheOttjddtbefaisL ^ 
gnlatie^ and decifim ef, fknifetentifiries 

maimed on each fide, wherth w s^ . Prbfbiimbnts Civil. 

^ehendii is im feme degree adMted. - TOhn Eari of BPHKhihamr, -— Loni 
IFebmnifyeeneevUnvebavetmwmeb . ^ licumant of the comity of Perth. 

ta^etefiar^ if the rhbt pretended to by The Ilori Abei yv ciMy » ~Mafler of 

^f!d»; ^ feasxbiag iritife/blps M fea^ - the jewel-office. 

beadiaieiinammaanererdegmniAai' DBndliordftiaoay,---aComimffiQnef 
feeder, thai ^ trade f bu MMfs of Mioev 

fedjeSs te Aamiceh ntmbeeease fe fre-i- LedyAme Mbnts^,— one of xfae 

%f ^vtffbeeeme fe ere^ __ ._ 

'eanem,a$ te d^emd, in agreaf mtmfime, I^idies of tke BD^-cfaamher to Prift- 

9^ the indnlgence aad fif^ rf.tbe Ceft^Amdia. . 

Spaniards 9 of both tubich they btnie gi- Jaine»-GIen of Xongcioft, Efq; ««<- Caot 

wn m fir fine years fa/tfiebfeKemens, • inemorof Ouofina. 

as nve bamhh Mnk this natim c amban m *i*'-^Maoealkx:h»£lc|i««'Sb]ni^or-Ge' i 

noeass/etobefeiti^dwitb, nenl of his Majefty's levenoes dioe. / 

Tear petitions beg kave fkrtker te ThoibaB Drory, fifqa — a BiiOQet « 

exprefs their bnmUe efprehet^s, t&ai . Qtcat Britaiir. */ 

fich a trecarions fifnation ai this, na^ Timol^y Rog^s. £fq» «•• Mtfar B» 
inevitesDlf expofe the trasb to the Ameri- traoroinary in CluuiGezy. ' > 

<an feas to continnal inttrrsftiens and ■ Iv 'Ligrtizecjby*.v-30<^^vi .* - Pjls* 


PiEFEWWKTs Military. ^/^^ ^^.'^f*^^^?: 

Robert Napier, Efqj— Ijeut. General, 
and CofprnandfT in chief of his Ma- ^ 
jc^*$ forces in Ireland. 

The Eul of Hyndford, — Colonel of a 
at of foot <Hi the Iriih efta- 

Hw Lord John Murray; ^—Captain of 

a coonuiy in thegiards. 
Th^E^ or Loudon, — Captain Lieu- 
•'Keiuuit dlTa company inthp third re- 

nnieiit'of foot jnaras. 
four G^dcmen^ ^:oai lyiarchi]^ re- 
*' niDents,'*^*Lieotcnaiiti in the guards^ 

«K. Mr. Charles ChurchiH, Mr. 

Pferry, Mr. Urqohart, and Mr^Ne^: 

teo^ finof theGendal. 


Tlonas Goojph, late Qiihop of BriOoI, 
■ — to di% of Norwich. 

arfch miby t in i, Fiinuoy ly^g. 
Men ic, women 21, childsenA6. In 
sdl, 82. Decreafed this month, 33. 

Whereof have died. 
Under 2 yean old 
Betwixt 2 and 5 

J and 10 
ioa])d 20 
20 and ^p 
30 and 40 
40 and 50 
CO and 60 
DQ and JO 
ypand 80 
f[o and 90 






D I S I A 5 B S. \ 

Suddenly 3, Conndfion i, Aftbnai, 
Ovcrkid i, SdU-bom 3, CM age 

— tt> the % of Norwich. Ovcrhid i, Sdu-bom s, uu age ip 

The RoLf Br. Teiuiiibn, Ardukaoon Pmfumption 2$, Small^ 10, Be- 
' jpf CSnyuthei^p'a^ ver 15, Teething 9/Chm-ooiigh ia» 

iorof Qxfad,— a Pkebend of Can- 

TIkRct. lifr. Deedes,-— a Pkdiend of 

Tht KeV. Mr. Marlh, — one of his 

thqiettfs Cha|ila jnt ^ cn^mxy 
HieMe^r. lwr< 

V-^ Chaplain in 
ofWaks. • 



LovDoif, Mardi 3. 

Thurfday hft a motion wa^ nuule in 

the Hoofeof Lords for the following 

aiUrefs to his Majefty, and curied bf 

a majority of 21. 

^.i^^Pl^?^'^^'^^}^?^^ The humbly Addi«& of the Rt. Hon. 
"L^^^^'fTt^ n!ti?S Ae?.>«>«%A?tual amiT^^ 
l^r, fiftcr to the Datchefs of ijarliaaient aflemUed. Jkfcrrifr i. 

Sawbridp^. ^ ^^ ^ ^ yy i^Jk^ZfhniriUS^riiml 
^* ^ mad^emtoralm FmrUamenf ^ffiaMJ^ 

D BATHS. hmmtk Aaiks fir ymr gmcmu emukjkm* 

JImu in kmttti m C S mxt i ik m biiween 

John ErikiBe jun. of Pun, Eiq; 
Mils Maigiuet In£^. 

31» Earl of Fingd of the kingdom of fim, in tmitqr 


.TheLofd Viicaaat MaAreene. 
The Lord Vtfc. Prefton, Lord Giaham 
. of Efc, withont iflbe. 
fir haoBA Reyaolds, Knt. hts Lord 

Chief Juftioe of the Exchequer/ 
ya^ Ruck, Efo; a banker. • 
Mr. John Qawtoid Advocate, Clerk 
• to the- admiiinn of Ncton. 
•George Hepburn, Efq; of Montcraig. 

jour Mmji^ wuitbt MhgafSpmiM^ dm- 
udtie fimrttinth dttf tf %ttmuln UA 

hifin Ait Boufi, 

jF> ibhik a mr mMemfiJik dmy^ m 
Ms Hcafim^ tp txprep met jufi femfo 9f 
ymr iajfidcan 9fihttrm ini^rtfti rfymi( 
people; and to acknawk^eyour l^jeffs 
gnaipiuht^^ in hringing the demanJk 
of your fubjia$for their p^ hffei,^^ch 

'r ^^^,>«« Halytarton of W*r^^>;A»£^^«^^f^ /^^ 

Pitcorr, Efq; 


f^Kming Mmf9etftjfi ^ if Ml t$m/ 9r m^Hjff tm mt^ depnd vfm it, tM IpMft the 

ptymnii mfdh bifkig,m J m rn it Aim fir btma^ tf m^ cranvn^ atut the m)€ff4tre tf 

tuxm^ijfhi^gtiigrt^timdd^ahkendtp wgf ibigdms tntirelf 0^ btart i tmtbai 

^ dtmmt^ fiftm Jkaaci^, mndfr^fa- wttlni^fim&hinjotuauigMm^fan^toJk* 

nih»iht fuuthetwimtht tnm'naJtwu* curt to mf JUt^&t the fitO ttg^pmitt ff 

W9 i^ koFui eJfo to declart H j^ttr their tunngmtioH^ emicmmerdt and their 

t/bj^^mtcmfdnutemireUtaKeemj^ir e$ber J9fi nghts* 
ihfol wjikm eaii fieejf etttentim to the 

hmmrtfj^'crovm^aMdthenve^are Verfo iqade EXTEMFORB. 

oftbejehu^dmu, that in the treaty to he j^ memory mw of £t^ ^ueertle&^e dme^ 

emekdeiiulgarjkatiefthisO^^ WhemEt^lamdrJtd Mmotmthrf$be 

prefer frovifiim 'will he made fir redreft a^^ 

ofthegriivaacesAjufifycmMnedofi Htrfiikt^/^hfoudtmt^mttrs'ddarti^ 

efiidtarticaiarlf^thedthefireedtmrfna- ' ^ ' 

J^^ to wbub year Madefy ifitjeas are gat tears mw iriikk dmua T%AXk9,U 
htttbdhthelaw^noMm^aadhy'^^^ magre face. 

jMt thv^, imtbmt iting luAk U tt 

Jtft, vipSTtrJurcBtt^ m tie tfnjeas, . ' ■ _'.. ''.— .■ ' ' .' \ k" ■■' 

7'ti:^fi^^*SifZZJSt^ /OREIGNHlSrOXt. 

imaeedererf^afedmjiiiftregagdtothefri- /np^HEseportof Coimt'BflM 

vihga hehl^ie^ to each other, heto^Oti .1 dli^{nKC» lldttch .W £r : 

Jauinee,aadbs/Haig/nemjih^hetweett tinople, madyio^ toev«tTlMitof EiH 

tbetujocrowm. npe,amustoieiioiacffethuiaA|»« 

• PenmttdaiAe Ja m t ime, mthein^ tat^ of the Pdrte, to acconm^Ar k^ 

iHtifidmoMtr, toexprefstojoarMi^efy^ dqpartuisp fioqi tliat 6Xf without ia? 

oarfim defemkaet, that im the treaty to. fenning the puUkk that he wti mds 

keoacbidediMforfiaace^theJaidCmi' to take a view of the Turk^Oi fiottSct^ 

%M/ani, &e Mttmft reg;ardmfill he'hmi $o In order tp itiaklB a report of tlie ope* 

Virmafag hehag i^ ioyoir hi^^^^s cmnem nitions wUch lie jiid^i]M>( expedifoC 

^tidjaifeifft^ imm^Mnfami^itiiogtho fi>rtheeii(wng9unpa]|^. Tlu^lhlhmr 

haiierfparMcgify^sihmkahMtsinJmt^ of Bender, 1^ eeu&inamkd OpoA tbo 

tictti mtdMgimjoarMaMyihefroafr^ Niefter ag|inft the RbO^ni laft yw. 

oft e^fiumees^Aaltiftcafi your Mc^^s Iss.faflai callod t» aoQontt'lW hfi r^^ 

ydk txfeaatiem fialt wot he anfuipod,, dua, and ftnmg^ ; whethecmj 

this Iha/t'unJihoartih and sseain^coa^' mtntoi hn^^iptihA nBOi^R nt Attto^ 

0Keiaattfiichmu^tres^asfiaUhemuf' €r ia gntiiicatioiiortheKB9iraJIl-«dul 

fiiytonrim£caHyearMajefifsbonear,a9id the Gxand Vizier boie biaii .k sot cft* 

OOpeefkrwUyearJhkjeaothefaHeijtyment fiiyBetttnunVL Itiicartun,' 

of a&thofe lights, to tvhuh they are en^ that the Baflunvkgeaenlljrl 

f'thdly treaty, and the bw^mntiotts. i)eing one'of the wmt Taliantaiiid i 

^ . conunaiMieia ia the Ottoiiuni eniBiMu 

HjsMa|efty*iS moft gracious a^i^ier. The Grand: Vkjlcf^cwditkiaia tola; 

MjLosdi, creafedajty; thi^fiMfkatJottcfWiJ^ 

I thamk yom fir this dutifidAhke/s, diiv Ntfii» ttidiUbva, aitrqptifi^ 

imdfir the gratefltl fittfi you expre/s 0/ * aM 

F'O R £ iG N ffisro n r 




Rnorts vuy witb i^J^eud to ft n^ 
ftiwiLutiMiiin Kov tl Kak, tke Sophi 
of Beififl, and the Gkaiid SstOMtoitl 
hian^ a« tlM depotidiB of the Pbifian 
amfaafidois they were not oohr Com* 
l^ti tiie picftnii tmd^on 
lAon, but, abov* what was 
* wfcw known) each of dwai was 
pnfatted with Any pqHb. 

Pios»F|ri»weoi» Mmed^ lliat 
tMi Kaa has didifiMl to the Giand 
Srig^'s^anih a ftd o r 19 l^^lMii^ Hiat 
he would treat with the Porte upon a^ 
ochar fcoc than Osi* AbfeMs the Gitat, 
li]sjV»oi]siMediceiSar,had*iiiei that 
ke donattded Bhewifc tM Mecca (&- 
nova far the wMMlttr-iivoiUiig tonb of 
Mahooat) ftoiddbeeomiiioirlDTaikt 
and PerfiM, Ifc. 

'- It ii Mtes^aoaftrtaiijrthiif of 
die pcefisnt delttns of the courts of 
ViEHHA and Mirseorr» the Grind 
QeMMior nnigiiig kii^iMk me lemmjon 01 
die fcrtitft of' Aibph as a pdimiaaiy 
flnfde- 10 aiBf tieaty of peace. 

The Ocanni has laTited the Righl 
Hbfi. tie Eall of GESWfoid to the rank 
of liiwtfwmt General of her fbrtes 1 
Mt']iis liwdlhip laMn&A for aniwer 
to her Li^petial Majefty^ hi* having no 
iodiBation aobe other thin a vohmtier 
nder annr other ciown Stft Aat of 
GMhflriiaiiu bat that it was his de^ 
1^ t6 farve in the capadtjf of a vohn-' 
'ber the next csunpfuni agsu^ 
debyonder tiie Rvifiui oanneny bcin^ 
•ffii^to noant the thcatve of wai^ 
friA OK wttt of theBtv 

TheaAiifr of €o^fttc4» Ho^K^th- 
ftanding^tiie martmJme^attoncfFrt^yot^ 
urtnatn londi in their finneftkuaii6ii; 
tiatt^pofts lent to reinraroe the 

Ar lioai YSMtdng the misMtones of 
. dkfe iitteiUKd fuccoon, that fndi of 
dM» aa the wvh$ tfatew'flito their 
nowerwerepottothofwordt Sowan» 
IS the ideiraentbf thefe people i^nft 
aBTwIo- m any ftaao fimor the Gc* 
noefe. Coont BoificttXy. cominaader 


of the AMOchMMsk Goifica kaniri 
and difc anival ofa nephew of ham 
TheodoMfW hi itet iibad has dveo 
fitfli ^nrits to the aathies, by arffiriqg 
dM of Us andc'sdf^piof being with 
dbovUnprdbnlnaflioitluno. Aanot^ 
die icaibns aUo^ bf thde people for 
dftiniidhalten attachment to that bniT^ 
idy amn er , aae the IbHowiag, «At. 

^ That the Idngdoin of Coastca 
cannot be happy, nnkfe It he gpvciu e d 
by m Sovcitn^ who hayins no odier 
dominions, wiEi always rc^ in the 
kingfkns and anake it his iole care tb 
eovem his people } like the &ther of 4 
nmjly^ wiio having but one only 60; 
ihidies to procore htm all the advantage! 
poChle: That God livl gi?en theni 
Ibdi a Sovereign in the perfimofthe 
Buon de Neohof^ yyfaom they have 
admowledged andpK)daimed mdi^ 
King: That thii^Bsuroiv who basjio 
otbereftatesi will od^ make it his ba- 
fincfi. to govern acooixiing to the lawa 
of his kiimom, and to make h& peo- 
{Ae happy ^ That he and bis deicendant% 
who wul be Corficans by birth^ bdng 
fiee fipom all farther ambition, andean* 
tent witH their little inherittnioe* wilt 
fit open its harboon, and by mfervji;^ 
a perti^ mcralky^ Amifli a^ nngh- 
bouring'pmert*withpravifions, whicl^ 
will natural^ Ipead plenty over the 
wbole 6oe ot the countiy ; That tbey 
can never hope to enjoy .{nrh Jiappmrft 
mider the gofcnunent of any other 
Sovereiflis ; not onN decade in (hek 
reigns the ifla^d cpuldooly hope to be 
goyemed Jby dejNfties, bat becuiie fo- 
reign Princes being eiqwfed to war, the 
kiMdomof Cmfica wviU be liable to 
tiiSter the calamiriw atteikKig it, when 
probably ht^ fnfiereftsmi|g|kt be no way 

- 'Tibe Itoit CMaf STf AH Kino has 
dedared the maqiage between Loulfii 
EUttabeA, the trft PdHGefs of F^nce, 
^ed 12 years next Se p t e mber, antf 
&/b PhSip, fecond Lifiuite of Spaing 
aged to ; and between the fecond nrm- 
eSft, Anna Henrietta, her tvift-fiAer, 
and hiii Sardinian Majefty's ddcft Qmi 

age4 t^ . » mgitizecl by vLt v^^^*^ L- ' ^ " 

S6 AR^iJltro/BOOKS 

MAmltn. A fatire. price, i $.• 
GbnoiisCHreiity-tliree. pr.5d. 
. Sdf-io?e and virtue recoocikd afity 
pyj^^: P^- 6 d. . 

^ DiflTOQim upcm tythcs. pr. 6d. 

New tmxik of kuibaadiy. By S. 
Trowell. • {NT. 2 6. 6 d. 
, Defence of natqial and leytakd le^ 
lig^<in I bciw A c9ikftkm.oJf fennpm 
nmdied at Boyle's Leftoies. pr. j i. 
3 s. in iheets.' 

Peace and no jpeace. pr. 6 d. 

A kind of diajogoe in Hodibiaftidc: 
pr. 6* d. 

* New tranflation of Jovenal's iatires. 
pr. c s. 6d. 

• MeaforiiM; compleated. ByT. W. 
p. 2 8. 6 ^; • '. 

' Tlie wondeiftl ytfion of hell.' pr. 6 d.' 
' HiftoryofSblyihan the Great. pr.6d. 
' The mytholmr and fiibles of the 
indents exnlainKl from hiftoiy. By 
the Abbot Banier. pr. 6 s. 

* The natural hlftory of North Caro- 
lina. ]fyJ.BricheU,M.D. pr.^s.6d. 
' A meny convoiadon oetween a 
Qaker and his maid. pr. 6 d. 

« A fummaty of defcents in iiee fimple^ 
pr. 6d. 

Acompendioosefiayapon vocal mu- 
fide. pr. 6 s. • " ; 

• Thcroyafeangcn By Charles Lead-] 
better. • pr. o s. ^ 

The hlftory oFjCjuftava Va&. pr. I's. 
** Arithmeridc in whole numbers. By 
J. Hewitt. ; pr. t 8. ' 

- A rhapfody on pkaibre anid Virtue, 
pr. I 8. \' 

The (tar-gazer, pr. 6 d. - 
' hefent ftate of pdidcks in Europe? 
pr. 6 d. ^ 

Benutf ks on a pantehlet called Ob- 
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burton, pr. i s, ^ 

Y Kules molten Soft a id%ious fo- 
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The iniMriotts ftyle of the Tuiki 
cnmpliiiea. i>r. 6 d. - , 

^ Tic fdufmalkks delineated, pr. i s. 
. ^xmifii inibka^. pr. i s. o d. 
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lay-tyiani^ ; 'or^ the oppi:^<Hi of 


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Contempt hf the deigy eonfidmi)* 
pr. 2 8. .6' d. 

. Some . choog^ on ftandtng (oBoet^ 
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Rmegyikkonacoint. pr. 1 s^ - 
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Diaiogui^ between MemlflM and Phi^ 
lemon. By R. firereton. p(. 6 d. 

DfeUVs <tei|gtr9Qs. F*4^- 

The ladfes^i^pen&tDiy.. pr. 2 s. 6d. 

NecdEtyofp)Qdwoiks. ByJ.Gffl. < 
pr. 6 d. * ^ . ' 

/ An ode to William Pnlt^ey, £<q» 
with other poem0. pr. i s. 6d. 
. AnepiflpWydiflbrtadontothedcr- 

of Middfefex, by w»y of i^yto . \ 

. WatQxlmI*s chaise, pr. 1 s. 6 d; 

Chriftian worlhip. pr. 1 s.' 6 d. . 
^ ThefemiiYareofitor. ^DrtJM* 1 
dridge. Vol; t... J • 

' fixpoftobiofy kttey to Mr. White* > 
field. pr.(id. 

Dc^fenocofWiiitefidd. {x*. 6d. : 
' Seventeen hundred thirty nine. p« 
It. [Nc^fyHA^.Ptfe] 

A congratttlatoiy poem to Sir R<h' 
bert Walpole^, c^ : the comrcntioii. • 

Sir *V/]fteedi upon the ftsuotym 
Spain. pr..6,d. ^_j^ ; 

^ And about. twp doxen of defences* 
Qbferviiidonst wmaiks, (sTc. ^^ff . ©>•' 
<^ the oonyeiltion with Spain, pr* 6 4i 

Slaving AmbaAdors beards the^ 
Qdit of t£e Ammonites; or, AfivtvT 
miteofteiUmony. A fiamipn by m^h 
tbef mighjy man of the covenatts. 
pr. 3 d. . • 

. A new md end account of JamaK^ 

wherein the anticyit and prefent ibjj^ <* 
that cdoiiy, it* importance to,Gr»« 
Britam, kws, tiidc, (sTr. axe cxmfider-. 4 
ed. DT. 3 s. 6d. ; ^ ' • 

Je& Chri4 in the poor ; a .fefljnf^- 
pmcbed on Nfatdi. x^. 40. by tMj;- 
NiviM Mimiter of the mccdng-h^* 
in SteSfig* pr. 4 d. 

The convention 

pr. 3 

Obfervadooswitheconrcift^' ^' 


Digitized by VJV_/V_^N 



MARCH, 1759. 

To be continued every Montk. Price Sixpence each. 

WiBKtY Bfl&ys. The force and folly 

of IVide in sdl men, and paf ckukrly 
in Writers of every kind ^ Thedan- 

gcrand intereft of Great Britain with 
regard to the Ruffian empire \ Ob- 
iemtions upon the Convention 1 
Bob Booty's ipeech ; A fhort differ- 
tation upon Mafquerades s Futther 
remarks on the Convention ; Por- 
fnit of a Learned Coxcomb, and 
the folly of boaftine an Illuflrious 
pc&ent where an anlwerable fortune 
is wanting ; Hiflory of Appius ; 
. Jhe&taloonfequencesof aDiviiion 
in Rome ; The caufes of the lofs of 
the liberties of Caflile ; Contcft 
between Lo^l Strott and 'Squire Bu!]. 

I N I N G, 

PpETicAL Eflays. Kpitap&onablind 
man*s dog ; Rural Virtiie j A pane- 
gyrick on a Court 1 1 he Lover^g mo- 
nument ; On the Duke of Argyle \ 
The Fallen Angpl 1 A decifion for 
the ladies ; On a Lady buried in 
marriage \ Pfalm xxix. paraphra&'d % 
A Night-piece j On the Snaniards 
having liberty to fearch Britiih (hips 1 
Songp, l^e^ 

A letter relating to the Stack, iffc. 
' Do M E ST I c K Hiiiory . Church affairs ; 
Decifions of the hoafe of Peers; Ma- 
ritime aflairs ; Mortality-bill ; Fft* 
ferments, faff. 

'FOREIGM Hlflor^* r 

jRegifler of Boots. ***^ 

^^IHBURGH: Printed by W. Sands, A. Brymbe, A. MvaRAY^d 
J- Cochran. Sold by the Soofcfetters in Town 2M Country, aod at tfta 
Printing-houfc in Par«f/'s Qofe. MDCCXXXIX. i 

I Of whom may be had thcMagasuncs forthe two pfcce<riiiig xwmte.' 


Webklt Esjats. Buralvime p. l^ 

^ ,r , . J , . • re PMUryrUk on a ttmrt. Saw ym 

Jt\Jni«alfitafiJ,Wcuk lb. ManLt.^uMmtnt. On tie ■ 

^rhtimrldnetbtttertdiythm lOi DuJu »f Arvyle iiJ 

BMffia,firmMUlyrtaJii,tfber Harr,i/HettiTLtaLadfsPraf*r- 

mUMrnlaivMtaget *. g^ TaBtnAngtl. mgU^Uce W^ 
yM>ttafilftakit<fftJlumrfaJmi Flirt and Phil. On a Ladf bnried 

iaven in Scttland 10} 

innutriage. PfiJmxxai.fara- 

G. Britain's inter^tvitb regard to ^.^j On the Spaniards tw- 

TX • •, ^r L- - • '^ Ubirt, to /earcb I3< 

^btfrivtltgitfjtarchu^notgivtm • 

^ki^Auch IS Aletter^lating to the Stace, f^. 

A ^fcrtftim of the mafymrade 107 Prvfofal for relief rfmuficiantwi* 

Bmarh <m that dxverjwn 108 ^^bwi ijl 

Confiahtts of the convent m not Jcamnt of Gm/Iovus Vaja ^ 

ffrmndlifs 110 ^ ^^^^ toow/ii Mujicums aMi 

The treaty of Utrecht invalUate^ Comedians Q3 

and the S. S. compawf facrificed 

fy it ib. Lord Strutt and 'Squire Bull. 

Britain to tev for the hfs Spain _ , , ^ ^ i . ^jr ^ 

Mainedi^ijxi ^ ^ ill Ground and caafi of tbetr £ffm- 

Miin articles kfi nndtciitd *• » '« . ^ .. / , JK 

CharoBt^ori learned coxcomb llj ^'^''^jf^/""**^?^ .5 

msfirfntofitingnjotttdejctndtd, '[he Ste^arjPsrea&ns agasnfia l« 

lY-toir lU' ^rtxcksinffitd OH hf the tenants * 

'Mano^ina'wid^Ladt IK ff^ •«"" fgrted to thereifo* * 

^SSX/^SST \^, muli/h^dh the tenant, .« 

Dejperate/ateof Rome ib. 

A dtvifion in a fiate hurtful 117 Domestick HistoRT. 

i^aaerofSextiusandUciniui ib. jUcmnt of the Seceding Britbnn IJJ 

^-^jLl^J^f^ ^. J La "^ Determination, and founds of the 

ne Cortex of CafttUcorruftedfy' ,^ji relating to tli^ati of Bar- , 

themsntjler 119 -J * iji 

A civil luar enjues 120 J^^rttime affairs 'M 

Methods thai Jbould have heen ufed 121 J^grtalits dll Prefemunis ^ 

neCaftiliansenfla^d 123 jj^^^J,,. jg;^^,^ />,^i, 14< 

Poetical Essays. Foreign Hifiory H* 

Epitaph on a blind man^s dog ^ 123 ^Mif HJ 

IVc acknowled^ our oblijeation to feveral correfpondentSy and beg the oon« 
tinuance of their favours. Sotic Eflays, is^r . we muft defer infertile tiU an^ 
thcr opportunity ; which we hope the authors will eafily excufe, as wc intciw 
to adhere what we propoled on that head in our Plan. 

The ingenious Gentleman, whofc letter wc received, March zj- mayhave^ 
' Cdution of his queftion, if he pleafes to dired wherevit (hall be fent. 

*Ti8 hoped that fucb as &vour ns witl^Ei&ys, iSc. w^ F^X thepoft^* 


The Scots Magazine. 

MARCH, 173^. 

tTiiTiRSAt Spectator, N». 540. 

Df yirw and fiOi tfPridi in an mem', 

tartia$larlf mtfritert rf tveryldnd. 


HEN IteUyouIhadthe 
lumour of conveffii^ in- 
tmiately with that cele- 
brated oonftelktion of 
I Wp who were Goncerned in the ^feSa- 
Wand 7atkni and that I even re- 
aenber many of Ihe fpr^htly (allies 
tiiSbtSachuMh Sedkys 9j4 DrydtMS^ 
fan their own monthsy yon will nata- 
oDf qmclgdc I am ^ from being a 
fouigman; and, confeqoently, 'ti»my 
cva Quit, if I have not acqiured fome 
far advantages to myielf, both from 
tiKments aiS follies of my amiempo- 
ifiries. — If I have, I frankly own they 
IK doe to the dint of s^ and experi- 
(Me only : inflead of punning know- 
Ugt, I have purfued pleafure ; and if 
flmie itfelf had not in fome fort 
fn^ the way for knowledge, I believe 
^ litde fhare I now have, had been 
■Ufa lefs. In a long courle of years, 
lod a great variety of acquaintance, *tis 
■poibble to avoid making fome obier- 
*«ioQs; and, as thefe are rather the re- 
^of what we feel than what we are 
^»i^ they are perhaps both more ufe- 
folmpiaftice, and harder to be e&ced, 
I tian jty otiiers. — Of thefe, I look up- 
I <|ptkmodefl diftruft of our own abili- 
I ^t and a decent regard for thofe of 
j *rfiends, or of whoever we converfe 
! *ith, or addrefs ourfelves to, to deierve 
tfiiaoe among the principal. As there 
B Janfly a man living who has not fome 
f^ in his compofiaon, 'tis fcarce pof- 
fUe to ofurp a fuperiority without of** 

fence il had like to have fai^ injury) 
to thole to whom the infult is ofiei'd. — 
Precedencies, arifmg from borth, titles, 
wealth, i^ace and aathority, are ca£ly 
allowed, from the force of cuflom and 
the laws of fbdety ; bat thofe tfaatare 
challenged from the pre-emineiice of 
nnderlbnding akme, are never exaded 
bat to the manifefl di%race and preju- 
dice of him who is oonfider*d asthein* 
ferior. .Hence, thoorh his reientmenr 
may be awed or fliifed, it bums in- 
ward ; and he that thinks he triumphs, 
inftead of conquering, has only made 
an enemy. -—Whate^ realdiflbvnce 
there may be in capacities, the canity 
of the fool may be as large as that oif 
the wit ; and the tenderer the part, the 
more grievous the wound. Evoi, there- 
fore, where ^tis charity to inftrud, fuck 
addrefs fhould be ufed as to convey it al- 
moft infenfibly ; and the giver fhould 
be as delicate in his tenns, as the truly- * 
generous endeavour to be in beftowing 
an alms. 

I fhould be forry, Shr, if there, was 
any occa£on to apply what I have faid 
toAuthcffs: they cannot but be fenfible 
of the truth and miportance of thefe 
hints ; and, no doubt, make it both their 
ftudy and glory to comply with them in 
the exa£bit and politefl manner imagi- 
nable. — To inftnid a numerous, learn- 
ed and accomplifhed nation, is no tri- 
fling talk, reqmres no (mall ftock of ge- 
nius, no iittie application, no contem- 
ptible fund of knowledge, no trifling 
refoarce of -philofophy. — 'Tis to be 
prefumed, therefore, that all the Gen- 
tlemen who engage in that arduous un- 
dertaking, have examined themfelves 
by the fcvwcik tefts, and write ftom the 


Weekly ESSATS in MARCH 1739- 

this conduft, trefpafs a little on t1 
rules of dcconim above mentioned 
perhaps, likewife, many ocher odd» q1( 
MiionM fellows, like us, may be 
the fame opnion : but will they n 

honeft oonviAion of their hearts, that 
they are really qualified to top the cha- 
ncer they ailume. — If fo, what large 
and ample opportunities does the pre- 
fent age affbzd us of felf-gratulation, for 

being blefibd with fuch numbers of come off vidorioufly, by pleadine g 
Beaux Ejfrits in every branch and fpe- niufi, fire, novelty, and the example 
cies of elegant or ulcful knowledge ? their great leader, not only to inva 

Every year produces new writers in e- 
very fcience ; and every feifon, every 
week, nay every day, brin^ to light 
moil amazir^ inftances of their maflery 
in their liferent profeffions. — We have 
Politicians, on one fide, fo ftuewd and 
fo vi^lant, that the fmalleft fpeck or 
flaw in the moil brilliant adminiftrati- 
on cannot efcape their detection 1 and, 
00 the other, iWh as will not fufer the 
moll refin'd, nay almoft imperceptible 
beauty, to be pafied over without a due 
equivalent of praifb. We have Oia- 
tors that would make even Tulfy and !>€- 
moftbenes blufh, and Poets that mend 
MaHere, nay SJ^aJke^ar himfelf. We 
have Hiftorians that can repreient truth 
as fable, and fabk as truth ; we have 
Philofophers that can fumifh out new 
hypothefes every day, all admittii^ of 
demonflration alike ; and Polemic wri- 
ters, who are in fo little danger of being 
confuted, that they are not to be under- 
ftood.^ Then for Satyrifb, there is hard- 
ly a vice but has its writer to expofe it ; 
nay thofe that lafli, almoft equal the 
number of thofe that ofend : one would 
think, Famaffui produced more birch 
than bays ; and they lay it on (b home, 
as if they were poifeffed with the very 
fpirit of the beadle. Formeri^es, out 
m an ill-judg*d tendemeis, weie con-' 
tented with esqpofing the crime, and 
fpaied the criminal ; but thofe *tis our 
happinefs to be difcipiinM by, call us 
into court by name, and tell us oar 
iiiults as jf^ainly as an indiflment : be- 
fide which, to their honour be it fpoken, 
they are as impartial as death himfelf ; 
neither age, fex or quality efcape them ; 
they makS ufe of the fame free flile to 
all, and peer and pick-pocket, profU- 
tute and dutchefs, are executed on the 
fame fca£R>ld. 

Perhaps, Sir, yon may think thefs 
Drmucimfirs of the gray-goofe-quill, by 

date our cenfures, but warrant the g 
neral applaufe? — We are to confid! 
art, genius, wit andlancy, have guid 
numbers to the temple of fam)e ; il 
njKuve, bitteme&« railing piid-ineinl 
ty, few or none: if, therefore^tbey a 
flrike out a path of their own, they wi 
have the honour of the di&overy ; ilz 
perhaps with this peculiar circumflano 
that none hereafter will dare to fbllg 
them. 'Tistrue,thisnewpathoftlMn] 
is as bread and eafy aa that to heVA i 
call fool and knave, fbp and cowaiv, 1 
rhyme, beiq^no Hercuksm labonr ;aji 
to write thenamcsatthebottomof thai 
they are fuppofed to belon t^ ^ 
nearly refemblea the floiy ofthe pi& 
ter, who was forced todo tfaeiameiR 

hispi£hires. Bcfide,ifamaB^w)ai 

not be thot^ht toejcpofe^ merelv todi^ 
charge his own gall , or had the kil 
tendemefs for the fraildes of his ieU^ 
creatures s he would chufe xadicr U 
tickle than wound, and aim more at vet 
formation than punifhment. Moftmol 
are imvardly convinced of their cnit 
follies and vices ; but then they aUM 
to have them kkl open to the ceafbi^ 
of othen. The firfl Sen£ttioci that ^ 
feel, perhaps, on fuch oocafioni, il 
ihame; but the next is anger: and,io« 
ftead o£ cfteeming the fatyrift as thi 
phyfician of our fouls, as SJhaJMurex* 
preflesit, we confider him as taeaftf^ 
fin of our chanden. In nry hombk 
opinion then. Sir, a writer modd M 
give us teflimonials of his own prudence 
before he ccmmences cenfor of the ab» 
furdities of others ; and, at the faoie 
time that he dedaies war with vice, hi 
flionld make it ajmar he is m league 
with virtue. — Aks! _thcre is no fcl « 
men in the mdverfe, who have ^/2| 
fon to be vain than authors. — '^^^^ 
into the advvrtifemcnts of books fctf tM 

Uigiiizecl by VJ v_J"^^ V IV. yCWf 

fTeekfy ESS:ArS in 
year, one would think (like the Spe- 
S^Otr fttnrmng the Qoack-bills hung 
vomxA the Ro^ Exchange) that they 
comjtained preventions, or cures, fore- 
ver^ evil which could in&d the mhid. 
Bat when we would trace out the truth 
lijr their dfeds, how great is our (fifap- 
pointment? Inftead of curing the moft 
^saaaoas and invetoate maladies, the 
fl^lcft, leaft alarming fymptoms, re- 
nam Immoveable, aiS difgrace their 
boedbd recipe's. In ihort, after fb many 
dges, Hlommated with every l^t of 
SDDwlec^, have roll'd away ; after the 
art of pruting has multiply 'd copies of 
tfaesioft vdn&k books into almofl e- 
vcnr hand : are we become one jot 
mwr or hooefter than our fore&thcrs ? 
Joc oar laws better reguhited, our po- 
fides better nnderftood, our morals 
noie p e rfcQ, or our manners more re- 
ined ? If not, who will ibmd forth to 
peiicd, what the united mius, and 
^fdiettcioaof (o many iUaurious men» 
hboor^datin vain? 

Apin, Sir, if we look into the li- 
biazies of the curious, where no cx- 
pooe has been fpared, or juc^ment 
Men wandi^ to colled out of the ruins 
of aatkjnity everv venerable relique of . 
inlite literature; now few are the num- 
ber of volumes whjch the krgeft of them 
oontaios, in comparifon wiS thofe that 
ait hSt, irrecoverably loft, even to their 
tery memory, as tho' they never had a 
being? Nay, how few of thefe, tho' 
cfaip'd the wreck of time hitherto, are 
CDoimoQlv read, known, or talked of? 
Here ana there a Hivourite fhelf con- 
iiins all that contribute either to our 
pkaTure or pro£t; while the refidue 
icmains oovmd with duft and cobwebs, 
known only by their places to the libra- 
nan, and now and then looked over in 
a catalogue. 

Nor has this unlucky def(iny only 
be^en ^ obibkte authors of former 
MS ; bat, in fpite of the adv^antage 
dprinting, has already overtaken num- 
bers of the modems. *Tis well known 
that ClmfmaM^ Ogi^^ and Blatkmore^ 
had onoe their days of gnce, and en- 
joyed the favour of the publick in a 
very eminent degree i yet are now hard- 

MARCH 1739. 101 

Ijr any where to be fpund but in the 
linings of trunks and band-boxes : and 
yet thefe, when living, tallocd with 
more oftentation of their arts, genius, 
imd learning, than either mion or 
^bakejpear^ and boaded as loudly of be- 
ftowine immortality on whom they 

To conclude, I am very fenfible. Sir, 
that if authors find *tis a veiy difficult 
taik to corrcf^ the world, the world 
wouM find it a hx more difficult t^ 
to correal authors. 

/ tf«r, &c. 

7:^^ Citizen, N'* 6. 

The danger and intereft ^ Great BrI- 
TAiif ^itb regard to the Russian 

enipire. Uccafimed by a fofitiom 

in a firmer Citizen, " That it iJuiU 
" ahways he the intereft of the Mori- 
** time Powers to keeb the Turk in 
" fro/bund Peace <with his neighbours 


IT is not from a love of contradiction, 
but with a view to moderate the ill 
effi:£b of political errors, among a people 
accuftomed to receive and propagate 
them, that I oppofe my own thoughts 
againfl thofe of a botfy.of Gentlemen. 
But truth pays no homage to number* 
If it did, what a bleflcS conftitution 
were thein, whofe Liege-lord is majo- 

Let us firfl confider Ruffia with re- 
gard to herlHf ; and, next, with refpeft 
to Great Britain. 

Her natural advan^gfs, for extend- 
ing her power, are fuperior to thofe 
of^other empires in Europe. 

Her extent, in mere meafure of land, 
is beyond all proportion the largcft ; 
even equalling aH the other dominions 
of Europe conjoindy. — Her fituation 
is, both naturally and politically, the 
fafi^il: Naturally* becaufe much leis 
approachable by an army of adequate 
enemies j and politically, becaufe ncigh- 
bourM within reachable diilance by no 
power that is a match for her own. — 
Hex government is unlimited monarchy : 

Qigitizecl by VJ\^7V_7Vl'- As 

102 Weekly ESSJTS in 

As her refolutions are therefore more 
bold, their execution is leis flo^ and 
incumber'd. — Her people are abftemi- 
ous and hardy ; and derpiiers of death, 
heyoDd thofe of any nation, I think I 
may fay, either antient or modem. — 
Her armies are. recruitable, to a degree 
beyond meafure or end : For (he afTames 
into that fervice dependent nations of 
inexhaoftible Tartary ; as good natural 
foldiers as any in the world, and ibon 
made ^t to incorporate amoi:^ the na- 
tional troops, by the difcipline that is 
taught them in Ruflia. — ^Thc revenues 
of this monarchy are infinite ; and im^ 
proveable to an extent beyond reckon- 
ing ; becaufe the people, having been 
accuftom'd, from tmie immemorial, to 
monopolies in the crown, of the moil 
confiderable branches of produce, fub- 
mit, without murmuring, to impofi- 
tions, which could not be attempted in 
any of the other dominions of Europe, 
without hazarding a fubverfion of go- 

As to the growth of her empire by 
Sea, (he has within herfelf all the 
feveral materials which are coUedled, 
for the fervice of other dates, from re- 
mote, and fometimes hoftile domini- 
ons. She has pitch, tar, oak, fr, hemp, 
fine iron, falt^tre (all the ftores and 
fupporters of war) felf-dependent, and 
incredibly plentiful* 

She has vafl, deep, inland rivers, 
which extend navigation from ond end 
of her empire to the other. She has in- 
acceiTible harbours, and docks of the 
boldefl and nobleil invention, for fe- 
curing and exercifmg her fleets ; which, 
from the aids in the foregoii^ article, 
fhe can build at the mod moderate ex- 
pence. — Add, that in cafe of a mari- 
time war, fhe has little or no iRireign 
commerce, whereby to fuffer depreck* 
tion or captures ; while the nations de- 
pending on trade would be in danger 
of a flop in their vitals: For, having 
no call but Arms for her mariners, fhe 
would cover the fea with her capers ; 
and thefe ihe would propofe to main- 
tain, without charge to herfelf^ from 
the phmder of others. — The natmal 
confequcnce of this, with regard to a 

MARCH 1739. 

trafficking enemy, would, in t war of 
continuance, be a geneial ftagnation ojf 
trade, and decay cf their hA mann* 
fa£bires. Hence difcootents would in^ 
fallibly follow; then inf micfti o m , and 
open rebellion. Excifei too, and or* 
ftms, the fimds for fujifXHt of refitenoe, 
would fiiil, by the nun of trade, in fixJi 
a predatory war as I fpeak of: wben 
the enemy is^ by land, too remote anc 
too fbxHig to be dealt with; and, b) 
iea, too wide-fpread and unbodied ix 
be ocpofed eitner with fleets or wid 
fquawma: only fnatching up our mer 
cantile runners ; while (on Imown part 
purfuing no trade, he would be fue «i 
afibrd no reprifals. 

But diough from natund obftades 
fuch as defarts, frozen feas, or impafSi 
ble forefts and mountains intorvetiing 
it would be a difficulty hardly farmoim 
table, for any warbke and powetib 
nation of Ei^pe, and for FiigJand eipe 
cially, to invade the dominioM of Rol 
fia; the Ruffians, on the other hand 
would be fure to £nd Et^land fm^ 
9pen. And, becaufe our defence in ott 
fleets may be obje£led as a fufficient & 
curity aeainlt an attempt of that natint 
it may be of ufe jufl to touch a fl^ 
hint^ that relates but to one dangienMa 
entrance, of many, on a ftde that ma] 
pofiibly deferve to be guaided, here 
after, with a care that fcems lutherti 
to have been either unthong^t of or ne 

Almc^ oppofite to the Sound ther 
are havens m Scotland which natxir 
feems to have formed forreception an 
fecurity cS fleets. — One in partkuh 
(I do not think it proper to name it 
is the fineft, perhaps, m the ifland. ] 
is beyond all denial the fafefii diat is 
mod capable of being droivly defended 
were it to be fortified, either by ooi 
felves, or an enemy i For it is fean: 
more than pidol-fhot over at its en 
tianoe, betwixt rocks that are jdmod 
naturallv impregnable J yet expands ii 
felf within, to an extent, and with 1 
lull depth of water, that are hardly um 
where elfe to be met with; and has \ 
bottom the cleaned in the world, an 
mod proper for cunchorage. 


Weekly ESS ATS in 

Sqipofe it woe pra&icable ibr an 
enea^ (and why ihould it not, iince 
*£» opeo j) to take pofieilion of ibinvi* 
dng a iiavea, witn a body of lo or 
1 2,000 well-armed and wel]-difci{di]ied 
Ibldien, kt us weigh a few of the ter- 
nkle Gcmfeouenoes : — They mieht ie- 
ciiic cbcmlelves again^ any iuperior 
attempts fiom.the fea: elfe how are 
our oira (hips laid up, with the fafety 
we conclude them pofleiied of, in our 
liarixxirs of Portfmouth, Chatham and 
nymoath? neither of which, except 
the laft, can compare, as to natural 
ibci^;th, with the haven I am in this 
riace confidenng. — They might, per- 
\ baps pot unreafonably, expedl, upon de« 
I dsuations they could not fail to he fur- 
I Biihed with, adapted, with the cufto- 
' maiy artifice, to the fuppofed difaffe* 
bogSsBL th^ would promiie themfelves a 
fnpport nom, to be joined by no con- 
temptible bodv of natwes \ many more^ 
to imagine the leafl, than could be 
wanted for gnides^ to fay nothing of 
mmfciliarief, — I don't know what may 
be thought by our fanguine prefumers 
in politicks, but I fhould be apt to con- 
dude, both from reafon, and the ex- 
amples in hiilory, that when a powers 
fill army was landed at one ena of an 
ifland, fo fecurM s^ainft attempts from 
withoat; and fo fljengthenM bv male- 
contents from within, nothing numan, 
in the probable courfe of fucceiFes, 
codd prevent them from marching on, 
at their will, to the other. 
I And, to (hew that there is nothing 
I diimerkal in a fuppoiition that the 
Ruffians (were not the manifeft fore- 
caft of oar miniflers a refource to be 
always relied on} might, if made ene^ 
m*s hy the fiite of fome future event, 
take advanltage of the open condition 
«^ierd& the preient renown c^our arms, 
and iht weaLKnefs of fa£Uon among us, 
fv^ /afify permit foch a haven to ly, 
kc it be remember-d how coflomar^ it 
' )ias been, as well fcr the |reat fhips, 
as the galleys of that formidable nati- 
pn, to takeon bpaxd 10, 15 or ^0,000 
of her fokliers, and navigate ^ fiai tick 
I firom one end to tb€ other, under the 
I fational an^ uoegcceptionable pretence 

MARCH 17^9. 103 

of exenifing both her land and fea 

In one of thefe fummer reviews, 
what (but God, and the Spirit he fo 
vifibly breathes on our councils) could 
hinder their paffine either through the 
Belts, or the Sound J and, croffingfud- 
denly to the port we have our eye on, 
feizc, and fortify i^ impregnably, al- 
moft as foon as a courier, could bring 
us news of the purpofe they came with } 
What fea-(bength have we flation'd a- 
long the whole ^em coail of the ifland ? 
And as to our more prompt ftanding 
army, very dreadful, no douot, it mult 
be confefs*d, and will be found f but 
no man who is a judge of our military 
eflablifhment, who confiders the length 
of the march, the divifion and diflanoe 
of the troops, with the dai^ner of lea> 
ving, at fuch a conjun^hire, the places 
wherein their flay might be neceffarv, 
will imagine it pofiible, that any bodv 
of thofe forces could be {oOti enougn 
ready for kwking fuch an enemy in the 
face as we fpeak of. 

And, now, that we may bring home 
thefe reflexions to the matter imme* 
diately before us ; fince fuch were our 
danger £rom RufGa, invcafe of a quar- 
rel, will it not be worth while to ob« 
viate all profpe^ that may bring it 
upon us? 

While the feat of that empire con- 
tinues in the North, it is certain iu 
views will be Northerly: In which cafe, 
fo many vigilant councils as have pur- 
pofely been eflablifhM for enlaiging 
their natkmal intereft, cannot k>ng be 
kept blind to their lofs in the balance 
of trade, while they permit themfelves 
to lie under the neceffity of purchafmg 
their expenfive confumption (for exam- 
ple, of tobacco and fvgar) from Eng- 

If, under influence of fome new light 
of reflexion, they ihould mediate tojet^ 
tie coloHtes rf their own in America 5 and 
that too more near, and more fatal to 
mtrs, than we could think it our inte^ 
lefl to fuffcr; we mufl either fubmit, 
and, by acquicfcing in the growth of 
their colonics, lofe a profit that is the 

I04 n^eekly ESSATS in 

fupport of oar own ; or we muft op- 
pofc their new lettlemcnts in their in- 
fancy, and, by effcA of that ftep, draw 
on, as an unavoidable coniequence, the 
refentment and hoitility of their mother 
country in Europe. 

See here a v^ry obvious, and, fooner 
or later, a certain foundation for that 
political pique, which may teach Ruf- 
fia to think it her interefl to weaken 
our prefent capacity of reflraining the 
growth of her empire. 

What is then to be done for preven- 
tion of this probable evil \ There is one 
(and perhaps but onf\ generous method 
of doing it : aAd it is, by receding from 
the miibke you have approved in oar 
politicks, and, in place of promoting 
^ciiick difpofitions betwixt Ruffia and 
Turkey, ufe the otmofl of our ikill and 
our power to inflame and pufh forward 
hoflilities ; till the RufHans, if pofiible, 
might reftore the Greek empire to 
Chriftendom, and feat themielves at 
Conibntinoi^e, inHead of at Peters- 

Such a change in the feat of their 
power would neoeflttate a change Ih 
their profpefb. New advantages would 
lie open to their ambition, from eaiier 
conqoeRs to be made, and improve- 
ments in their trade, to be looked for 
toward the warmer and more generous 
climates on the banks of the Black fea 
and the Cafpian. And when once Con- 
fiantinople were become the capital city 
of the Ruffian dominions, they would 
confider Peterfburg, and its chilly de- 
pendencies in the fialtkk, but as a back- 
door, toward a part of the world, a- 
gainfl which if they fecured fc^ut their 
fi-ontier, it would be all. that their di- 
Ifcmce could fort with. 

And thus, by our ieafonably contri- 
buting to an increaie of her ftrength in 
the way fhe purfucs it at prefent, wc 
remove our own danger for ever; nay, 
we open to ourfelves and our poilerity 
new and noble enlargements of com- 
merce, in countrief; where, while the 
Turk hokls poilieiiion, we can have 
room but for very narrow advantages.' 

On the contranr, if under deluiivff, 
feeble profpe^b oi peace, wc fhould, by 

MARCH 1739. 

preventing an expulfion of Mahometan 
mfults from Europe, hold the centre ol 
Ruffian dominion too near us, it Mfill, 
•in the nature of things, be impaffiblfl 
to evade fuch a daihing of intmfts, aa 
muft give birth to never-endine diT- 
putes, and involve us in numbeKleij 
darters. lam^ &c. 


The nervous and flrong manner in 
which our worthy correfpondent Bri- 
TO PH I Lu s has been pleafed to ofler his 
objedUons to the fentiments of this So-: 
ciety, with refpedl to peace and war be- 
tween the RuJ/ian and Ottoman empires, 
having been confidered, with due atten* 
tion by all the company ; they grate- 
fully acknowledge the favour done them, 
by fetting a matter of that iniportance 
in fo clear a light : And, on a fuppofiti- 
on tha^ thefe Eaftem climates would in 
a fhort time have the fame effect on the 
Ruffians, as they have had on the Turks, 
and other warlike nations, who have 
lived under their influence, by render- 
ing the people indolent, luxurious, and 
flothful, the company do entirely coin- 
cide with Britophi lus*s Sentiments: 
but if otherwife, as they apprehend^ 
the vigilant and enterprifingfplrit which 
of late has appeared in the goyenunent' 
of Ruflia, mould, on fuch an event^ 
exert itfelf in the improvement of rich 
nunufa£tures and other branches b£ 
trade, which thofe fruitful climates would 
readily afford, they doubt very much* 
whether the maritime powers, and Bri-*^' 
tain especially, would find any real in* 
tereft or advantage in the fuppofcd ex- 
tenfion of the Ruflian dominions: 
which, with great deference, they fub-, 
mit to the confideration of their judlci-' 
ous correfpondent. ^ 

Common Sense, March 3. 

APmnt of univerial concern mpfly 
in a fbee country, become the 
iubjed of univerial debate: — Every. 
man hath a right to deliver his opinion; 
upon it, and every man ought to do (o^^ 
that the fentiments of all may be made^ 
known to tbefewwhoareaj^incedta 

Uicjitizecl by VJV_/v_7V IV 


JFeeklf ESSJTS in 

leuiefeii t the whole commtmity. -r- 
Tbis is a fnfficient jufti£cat^on for what 
Jiath already^ or what may hereafter 
be hid upon that important afiair, 
wluch, atprefenty engages the atten- 
tion of the whole nation. 

It was not the lofs which 6il upon 
a few particular merchaats, that nus*d 
the oonoem o£ the whole pe(^1e» — nor 
was the principal objedl of the addreis 
of both hoofes to his Majefty : — Hu- 
manity and compoffion might, indeed, 
make' us feel for every fu^reri but it 
became a national concern, when, b^ 
being permitted in fbme infbinces, it 
s^ht fpread to the whole. If thoie 
mharapy people who were i^underM by 
Ac Sfaaiards, had met with their &te 
hem rocks and Teas, we fliould certainly 
commiiecate their condition; bat we 
fhoold not think the whole nation in? 
vdvM in their ruip. 

It is therefore certain, that if Spain 
bad made full reiUtution to our mer- 
chants to the lafl fhillii^, it was not 
^tisfai^on fufficient. — ^The nation cer- 
tainly expeded a ftroi^ and abfolute 
iecurity for the freedom dF their navi^- 
tion fix- the future. — It may be faid, 
that our riehts were dear and explicit 
before^ and fecuied to us both by the 
law of nations, and by particular trea- 
ties, and, of confeouence, that no de- 
darati<»is could make them more appa- 
rent. — Allowing all this to be true, 
£nce they have' been invaded, it was 
neceffiuy to obtain Wronger Securities 
fiom Spain, either to give us a new title, 
or, at leafl, to con£in and ftrex^hen 
tlat we had before. 

A dear, plain and unambiguous ac- 
knowledgment of our rights to a free 
9nd uninteiTupted navigation was the 
leaft we could expeft. — Every refilial, 
nay every delay, m a point of fuch im- 
portance, was a difiblution of all for- 
mer leagues and covenants, and amount- 
ed to a dedaratkm of war, and left us 
at liberty to make ufe of that force 
which Giod and nature had put into our 
hands for our defence. 

I would not be underftood to mean 

as if I intended tp leilen (hat jufl.cpm- 

. paffion which every Englifiman ought 

MARCH 1739. 105 

to fed fcx the fufierings of our mer^ 
chants; but as their caie is of a nature 
to be inyolv*d in that of the whole Com? 
munity, I would not feparafie them. — 
If full fecimty be obtain'd for a free and 
uninterrupted navigation for the future, 
as wdl as their paft lo&s made good, 
tfcey are upon the (uroR foot with the 
sell of the rubjed5,and may make them* 
felves amends for thdr paft difappoint- 

That the Spaniards conient to pay 
our merchants a fum of money for what 
they have plundered, is certain; but 
we cannot infer from hence, that they 
eive up all right to feardiii^ our fhipr 
hereafter for what they call contraband 
goods : — ^They are diftind and ieparate 
points; and we have been informed, 
that fome fhips have been fearcfaed and 
runrnuged, which havf neither been 
feized npr plundered. — A cuftom^houTe 
officer hath a r^ht to vifit all fhips in 
our own ports, but he hath no right to 
take any thing away. If he (hoidd be 
puniih'd for robbing, we cannot infer 
from thence that he had no right to 
fearch. — It is to be hoped, therefore, 
that our Plenipotentiaries will infifl 
upon futisfe^on to be made for the in- 
fdt of fearching our fhips upon the 
open feas, and a dear renundation of 
all right to dd the fame hereafter. 

Befides, where a grofs fum is paid, 
and the application of it left to others, 
no confequence can be drawn to e3n)iain 
the true ineaning and intention or him 
who firft advanced it. — Spain pays a 
fum of money to our miniflers, in fa- 
tisfbaion for the depredatkxis commit* 
ted by her fubjeAs upon ours ; but we 
do not know for wnat particukr ca- 

Sures the reparation is deiGgned by 
^ui/ff. — ^Many (hips were taken, many 
outrages committed, and varioufly dr- 
cumfUnced: If tl^e fum allowed be not 
fufficient to take in all, to make fiiU 
and entire fatisfa£tion to every indivi- 
dual that hath fuffer^d, how can the 
application of our nunifters point out 
(he intentions of the court of Spain^ and 
&ew what fhips they intended to make 
iatirfaaion for, and what not? And 


Digitized iDyVjVJVJX I''- ^^ ' 

io6 JFeekfy ES^SAYS m M A R C H 1739- 

dienfbie^ if a fdain edairciBenient be 
not obtained, they may be lef^ free to 
ohicane hereafter, and fay, they never 
gave op the right of fearching. In 
which <^e, the national grievance would 
be left anradreis*d, which wonld we^h 
heavy even upon die nnhappy fufEnrrs 
mft, to whom a fbtuie fecwity wocdd 
be of fiir greater importance, than iiiU 
iqparation for their K>ifes pafl. 

But let us fuppofe the natural Infe-^ 
lence to be drawn from this ardde to 
be in our fiivour ; yet I am afraid they 
do not a^^ree with us in the interpreta- 
tion of it. — I have reaibn to think, 
^ that application hath been -made to 
them for a more dear and explicit ac- 
knowledgment of our right; if fo, it 
is natural to believe they have refufed 
fio-make it.*-Jf it be it»lly underftood 
by the minifters of both crowns, that 
oodenting to pay for part of what hath 
been phmder^d fiom us, is giving up 
the r4;ht to iearch for the future; it is 
pity, for the fatis&Aion of our own 
people, as weH as to prevent milbikes 
when Spain mav have other miniflers, 
that both articles are not provided for 
in the fame explicit terms. If it be 
referred to Plenipotentiaries, our tra* 
ding people apprehend, it is living a 
thing doubtful, about which there can- 
not be a foundation to raife a queftion . 

I cannot iky how far we may depend 
npon beinff made eafy in thofe points 
that are ftiS 1^ to be difcufs'd ; —whe- 
ther, when oor fleet is recalled, and that 
of j>/«ra retumedhome k»ded withtrea- 
fnre; when fhe is ttronger in purfe and 
bath leis to apprehend, fhe will make 
conoeffions fhe refofed before. — If one 
nation collets its fbength, while ano- 
ther exhaufb it ; if one nation makes 
nfe of events and drcumffauices, and 
another ncgleAs them ; it is no hard 
matter to guefs which will ^t the bet- 
ter in negotiation 


A certain perfon, who hath long been 
difUiM;uiflied by the name of ^^ ^^9 
was ktely put into bodily fear, upon 
lulvice that feveral worthy perfons were 
itfUved to pat an end to his rogueries. 

for the good of aBankind.-7-A^ had 
not only laugh*d at hone&y all the dayi 
of his hf^ but br»gg*d, aaiong bis ramg; 
that juftice was much more afraid oi 
him» than he was of juflioe s but «i 
fooner was Bob acquainted with the 
danger that threatned bim, but be SA 
into fuch a numick tbat hia very inib« 
knee fbrfooK him. — The firft expedi<< 
ent that came into his head was, to call 
together his gan^: — a fiunmons was 
left at each of their habitations, in theft 
words,-^-2^ir art defirtd t9 mut ymt 
friends at the cellar in Ktueves Acr§y mat 
fhifving Lane.-^-^This was the place 
where &ey always afiembled to reoeittt 
Bdif*s orders when a job ofiered. 

The troop being met, and Boi^ by 
the help of a joint-Hod, having raifcd 
his perfon to a certain eminence above 
the ie& or the company, began to cough 
and hem, accordine to the cnflom of 
orators before they haiangoe ; but Bat 
found his fpirits fo low, that he could 
fcarce give utterance to his thoughts:-- 
thrice he eilayM tOTaife his heart finm 
the bottom of his abdomen, and thrice 
it funk below his waift-band. Atle^th, 
having recovered his voioe, and, hks 
good ^/teas, 

— duplices tgndens adj^derafiaAnas, 

Talia*voc£ refer/ 

Which is as much as to fay, he fpoke 
tothe following efie&: 

Friends and AJfociaies^ 

YOU, whom I have ralfed, from the 
moft contemptible part of man^ 
kind, to be the companions of my adveiH 
tures, for no other m e rit bat that of yoor 
eminent worthlefnefs, mttend to an af^ 
hit that is of no left oonfeqnence, than 
iKdiether we fhali be any morea gang, 
or not. 

You know lam porfued byour^om'* 
mon enemies, a pared of pedling n.f 
fcals who are failed. The Sdeietjf frrihi 
Befirmation ef Maimers : —The danger 
whkh now threatens me, I impute en* 
tirely to your want of vkpur for my 
fennce:— Youbdwre as if you hid 
loft your cnurage, wluch hath civot 
fpirit to our eneniies;'«-*iuttinixuul » 

Uigitizecl by VJ v_7V_7 v IC fff^ 

^ fTeekfy ESSATS iH 

die obl^dons yoQ owe me» yoo ihrink 
wheD I want yoa mo^. — mye you 
fagot kow many years I have been 
cmptyiDg other. men3 pockets to fill 
jtmsT — Have vou forgot that I have 
Waived thooiaiKb that yoQ might wal- 
km in luxury?— If I have pillaged, 
toe I not ihared the booty ?— What- 
ever odvr men may reproach me with, 
itcnnoc be deniea hot Ihave lewaid- 

eddbeang: Yet now, for&oth, 

ineotyou pretend you cannot 0) fuch 
k^;ths» and that you fhall lote your 
(fasaaen. — JO— m yourcharaAen^— » 
kve voa not been paid for them?—" 
WooU you eat your c^ke, andhavt 
your cake? — Have ygu no confcience 
in yt»? — Would you pretend to keep 
yomr charadefs a^ you have fold 
diem? Now you pretend to falufli, with 
aP— X toyci D— m your modeily^ it 
does become yon indeed to be aihamed 
«f any thii^ f Come, come, d& like 
aeaof fente; youknowlsilways toU 
yoo, that right and wrong confift in nO' 
thing but power, and t& flrength of 
va&aa. The rogue at the bar, vouMl defpifedi that'strue: but flioold 
a mgoe get up on the bench, he'd be 
ficared. — If we ftick together, we may 
get the better of this atuck ; and when 
k is over, robbery fliall be hw, juftice 
and virtue ; and, inilead of halters a* 
boot our necks, we may have ribbons 
about our ihodden : for I will cruih 
our enemies to atoms; I will ruin them 
with their own money, fo that the^ 
find] never more be able to give us di- 
faibance; wy, 1*11 bring our profef- 
fion into fuch vogue, tlut an honeil 
aan fliali be afliamed to (hew his face. 
Ihit I mifs feveral of our ailbdates ; 
what! they fiieak in time of danger.—*' 
1 fee it is they that have not yet been 
dippM in dirty work ; I always appie- 
hoided mifcfaief from that quarter : I 
iufpeded they would bilk me upon the 
feft coubed'^eclat Iperform'd. — I of- 
ten tola you, if there was one honeft 
man in the eang, it might be our ruin $ 
bm yoa mind nothing. You would draw 
infome perfons tA reputation, under 
imenoe we a£ted upon honourable prln- 
Qples. I told you they would leave us 

MARCH 1739.. 107 

the minute they wene nqdecetved; noir 
you foe what comes of it. — I cannot do 
evety thing myfelf ; it ibould have beea 

Cbufinefs to have fowfod them over 
and ears in imquity, that thejr 
mieht not be able to go off. 

If you £mcy that, ^ giving me 1^ 
you may (Up your own seeks out of the 
halter, you are bit.— If it isdecreed^ 
that I muft fwii^ I am refolved not 
tofwingaloae; ^, by G— , 1*11 peadi 
every luiave and fool among you, that 
is to (ay» the whole gamg hae piefont^ 
d — ^m my eyes if I don't, and fo look 
to it. 


Short differtatioH itfon Mafquerades. 
hi neva, firt amhimt mutatmt Man fit* 

fttM, &C. OviD. 


I Was the other day at a crooded 
cofiee-houfo near the Royal Ex- 
change; when, to my great furprize^ 
not a word was fpoke of u\e Ccnventioti i 
which obtainM for that time a mod &- 
vourable reprieve from cenfure and re- 
mark : even the papers of the day went 
without their ufual compliment of ner- 
ufal, and the adventures of the Ma- 
fqueradi expelled every other topick of 
converfation. The night before, ic 
feems, had openM this foene ^ zallanr 
try and politenefi^ and drawn moit of the 
prefcnt companv firom their ihops and 
their compting-noufes. As their minds 
had been unbent to bufmefs fome time 
before, fo I found them as yet unfit for 
their refpe6iive employments ; and the 
loofe behaviour, which it would have 
been next to virtuous to conceal, thefo 
boafters of their fhame feem'd labour- 
ing for an opportunity to difcover ; in- 
fomuch that, out of charity, I could 
have almofl wifh*d the coflee-houfe a 
mafquerade, and that thefo mirrours of 
folly and indiforetion had flill been in- 
cog. In fliort, every one had fome in- 
tngue to brag of; and the only misfor- 
tune hinted at in this ingenious diver- 
fion was, any favourable opportunity 
loll of injuring fome hulband or father 

Weekly ESSATS inUATiCU 1739: ^ 

world, though in aprofefl&m to dire^ 
mtti to a better. Their jMnefcnt pref« 
ment was that of an upper kind of fei 
vant, called a Lord^s Domeflick CHa 
plain. But I found by their difbocirl 
they had neither of them ofiended rHea 
noble patrons with prayers or renaoa 
ftrances. Oneofthcmconfeflfedhcliai 
never done any fuch duty in the fimxily 

^ and the other as frankly toid me tli«il 

reconciled to the Spaniard, ' and the had been no prayers fince the <fea£ii a 
jiarch and unlanuful *uifaing which the my Lord^s grandmother. The intcrel 
former had fo muchromplain'dof> was of his patron at court more than sua^ 
an injuilifiaWe liberty with another thing elfe he feem*d defirous of, a 


in his prober^. The charming Shep- 
herdcfs, the pretty Quaker, the nimble 
running Footman, smd coy Nun, fcTc . 
which compofed this whimfical^ group 
of figures, were the fubje^ of convcr- 
fation and encomium. The Chriilian 
and the Turk, the (hort-doak and the 
Popifti domine were there fcen in coali- 
tion, cOdW all play and get drunk to- 
gether ; even the merchant was there 

man's veilel, which now, under this co- 
ver, he had no objedtion to. I found, 
fiom their defcription, that the jokes 
greatly lay in fuiting a drefs to a man's 
perfon and capacity. The habit of a 
fet greafy cook was extremely proper 
for a man of bulk and corpulency, and 
the plump gentleman fo ix^nioufly dif- 
pofed of was auite charming and enga- 
ging ; that of a chimncy-Iwccper was 
efteemed very witty and humourous in 
a dirty fellow, who is naturally averfe 
to deanlinefs and decency ; a four ill- 
naturM man, or a growling hufhand, 
was mightily admired in a bear (kin ; 
a ruHling bar gown was exprcflive of lo- 
quacity and aflurance ; and fome flati- 
ons or eminence were archly reprcfent- 
ed in old women's drefles ; and to the 
man of complying principles, leadine- 
ftrings were thought properly adapted. 
From this defcription of the moil inno- 
cent and pleafing part of the diverfion, 
they proceeded to an account of their 
amours and afTignations ; of the illegal 
captures and feizures which the morning 
produced ; of the whifper'd obfcenities, 
ioofe witticifms and impure dialedt of 
the place ; and the whole ended with a 
£lthy declaration of intemperance and 
debauchery, in a vain boaft of having 
ate and drank out the value of their 
tickets. I had almoft forgot to tell 
you, that amongft the other liftners to 
this ingenious converfation, there were 
two fpruce gentlemen whom I knew to 
be clergymen, and whofe opinions I was 
mighty glad to have of the above men- 
tioned entertainment. With grief I 
ipeak it, they were men entirely of this 

both of them had a levity of behav^ooi 
which was as much out of the chaniiAerj 
as they were out of the habit of a cler- 
gyman. They were extremely fxroKtr^ 
able in their opinions of maiquerades, 
eave a full amd unlimited liberty to men 
m the choice of their diversions, and ra« 
ther feem'd to wonder at my want of 
tafte, than inclined to anfwer my ob- 
jeaions. This I thought tallied fxaA- 
ly with their mafqueraoe drefs of a but* 
ton'd-up hat, (ffr. I could not avoid 
e;iving Mr. Hooker this intimation, and 
hope, from his candour and impartiali- 
ty, to fee fuch condod expofed in his 
paper ; for the order never fufSets fo 
much, as in their behaviour, whofe Ioofe 
deportment and ludicrous converfation 
is a Ibb to their brethren. But I (hall 
now proceed to give you my opinion 
and remarks upon this favourite enter- 
tainment of the town, and then relieve 
you and your readers, by conduding the 
whole. If I miftake not, a maiqne- 
rade has the honour and reputation d[ 
being an exoiick, and has widi great 
pains and indnftry been imported for 
the amufement and impoveriihment of 
theEnglifh; many of whom, notwith- 
fbmding the badnefs of trade and the 
times, can find three or four pounds for 
an evening's transformation. Theie 
is a part of mankind, from whofe 
thoughtlefneis and inconfideradon, to- 
gether with an unhappy poffi»fIion of for- 
tune, nothing, how prepofterous or ex- 
travagant focver, is the teaft to be won- 
der'd at s but that any man, remark- 
able for virtue and fobriety, only to 

' Digitized by VJV_J"^^VI\^ g^a^^JP 

Weekly ESSJTS /;» M A R C H 1759. 109 

gratify lus curioiity, fhould be at fo 
much ezpence^ and encourage fb ab- 
fuid and ridiculous a diverfion, gives 
me at ooce furprize and concern. £- 
very one puts on a diiguife to conceal 
bimieif and his actions from notice and 
oblervation, and which no one has oc- 
a&oafyr, whofe deeds and words are al- 
ways in charadler. A mafk is put on 

think much beneath our notice and ac- 
auaintance. Ferfons of high rank and 
oignity ( if fuch can be fuppoied to mix 
promiicuoufly with people of all condi- 
tions and principles) are not fecure 
from abufe and impertinence ; and the 
greater a man is difcovered to be, the 
greater, whetftone he is made of faucy 
wit and raillery. I can*t help blaming 

for liberty to fay things we are aihamM this freedom, more than pitving the 
of without one, and the tongue indul- perfons thus indecently treated ; and it 

Rs idelf in impurity and indecency un- 
der diis cover and fecretion of the per- 
ion. To the honour of the ^r fex, 
and particularly the Ei^liih ladies, thev 
I bve a native modefty, which is an ad- 
I dhioinl beauty : and can a parent an- 
I fwci fending his dai^hter, in the bloom 
I cf innocence and virtue, where (he will 
oeoeflarily hear things to bluih and be 
oiended at ? No man that is not aban- 
doDcd and loft to all civility and good- 
nonnen, can avoid treating a modeft 
woman with regard and deference. 
Tbere is ibmethmg awful in virtue, 
* wlkh keeps lewdneis and obfcenity at 
a difbnce ; and why fhould the noble 
i chsffter be a moment furrendred, much 
more the chaHe ear lent to a whole 
sight's ribaldry and indecency ? In ho- 
Door to her late Majefty*s memory I 

was well enough (aid by a mother to her 
daughter, who complained of loling her 
watch in going to iee Jack Shepherd at 
Newgate,That (he knew nobufmefs (he 
had there. This puts me in mind of a 
clergyman, who complained to a perfon» 
that one of his fervants had taken t)ie 
way of him, and abufed him upon the 
road. The offender bein^; called up, 
he pleaded his innocence m his igno- 
rance of the gentleman's profemon, 
fmce there were no marks of it either 
in his habit or behaviour. Upon which 
it ended with a prudent advice. That 
for the future he would never difgui(e 
himfelf, or feem afhamed of a &bit 
which he had taken upon him^ and in 
all probability would have fecured him 
from the infolence he had met with. 

^._,^ _ The limits of your paper will not 

mention it, and as a publick proof^ of fufFer me to enuinerate the many daii- 
her wifdom and prudence, mafquerades gers and inconveniences arifing ^m this 

woe her great averfion j and it is faid 
(he conftantly went into the city on a 
mafquerade-night, to (hew her laud- 
aUe contempt of pleafures tending to 
corrupt the morals of her people. It 
ieems to me as dangerous and foolifh to 
expofe awife or a daughter at this place» 
as our money or jewels upon Houn- 
flow-hcath, when infefted with high- 
waymen. We are naturally averfe to 
reproof, and hate nothing more than to 
hear of our feults ; and yet croud to a 
place, where, the moment we are dif- 
covered, every minute ridiculous aftion 
of our lives is with great freedom rela- 
ted to us. The liberty which we will 
not allow a preacher at church, we fuf- 
fe any feUow to take at the mafque- 
radc, and arc treated there with the 
greateft fiimiliarity, by thofe who in 
9ur own doaths and houfes we ibould 

foreign and unnatural diverfion, the 
many random (hots %£ folly and im- 
pertinence which to a man of rea(bn 
and good fenfe muft render it odious 
and difagreeable. If I am not mifm- 
formed, there is an exprefs law againft 
it ; and how it can fecure itfelf under a 
different appellation, lam much at alo(^ 
to determme : but I think a flop might 
very eafdy and effedtually be put to it, 
ana by a little daufe in the Black a£t 
fuch injuries and offences be prevented 
and provided againfl. 

You, Sir, I look upon as a champion 
of religion and virtue j and if you will 
give thefe remarks and obfervations a 
place in your paper, you will obli^ 
many of your readers, to whom this 
diverfion gives great offence and uncafi- 
nefs, and which to frequent is a great 
R refle^on 

Digitized by Vjv_i^^/V iv^ 

iia Weekly ESSAYS in 

reflefUon upon every one profefTini; a 
religion whofe glorious cluuadbrifbck 
is never to behave itfelf unfeemfy. 

I am, &C. 

• Craftsman, March 17. 
lUfnaHti on the Convention. 

MAny pcrfons, on both files, have 
already ^ven their opinion in 
prihC of the lateConvention ; and there- 
fore I ddire the fame privacge of ^u- 
blifliing »f/»^,which I think agrees with 
that of everv man in the kingdom who 
iiares fpeak his thoughts, and even of 
thofe wno dare not, 

I wifh there were no grounds for the 
6bje£lions of the maUcontents, That 
there is nothing in it but what ^broker 
might have done, and a had one too ; 
£nce it contains nothing but a reference 
to an account not produced, and a ba- 
lance to be paid hy (mm body, who does 
not feem in eameft to defign it. All 
the rcfl, fay they, is quite a myflery, 
the work of a K—ne and a C—ft — s, 
upon whom the fate of G. Britain is 
to depend, not only whether we are to 
continue mafters of the fea, but whe- 
ther we have a common right to the 
tife^ it, without the licence and per- 
mlmon of thefe new pretended fwe- 
reigns and proprietors of half the lAiorld, 
Such is the flu6laation andinconftancy 
of human aflairs, that G. Britain is 
reduc'd to fue for peace from a proud 
and cruel nation, which was fo lately 
obliged to beg it from our victorious 
etrms ! I do not know how this change 
is brought about from an v lofs of power 
on our fide, or any acquifition on theirs, 
excejpt what is the work of our vwn 
hands, and at the expence of this na- 
tion, in aililling them to conquer king- 
doms with ourfieets, which are now no 
longer formidable. The very debts con- 
traSed, by thefe great exploits, are made 
the pretence for a condufl, which be- 
comes only ^ft' vanquifl^d. Alter a 
minifer hath declarea, in full parlia- 
ment, the vjeaknefs of aflate, which is 
the efiedl of his own v;eak meafires ; 
does he expeft that a froud^xA fahtk 

MARCH 1739: 

adfverfarj will not take the advantage 
of tmr affair sf No; fuiely, he might 
have known that reputation is the great 
fupport both oi peace and voar. When 
that is loft, we muft be the prey of e- 
very natbn, which is difpofed to infult 
us ; and, what is more to be apprehen- 
ded, our allies, if we have any, may 
defert us, as of no ufe or afiiftance to 
them. This was the cafe of the La- 
tinSfZS we find it in Livy: Latii flatus^ 
ut nefui helium, neque pacempati fojfint^ 

As this is the iole excufe why our 
treaties come out fo (hort of what was 
expected, fince ^pain would give us no 
better, let us examine the boiefits ani 
boailed fruits of this nsemarabk Cottven- 
Uon, which the minifter hath taken en- 
tirely upon himfelf, and robb'd the reft 
of hisfelhvo-fervants of all that hc»K>w; 
if they have fo much fenfe left as to 
take him at his word, and get down in 
time ftom thai horfe upon which they 
are aU now mounted. 

Let us, I fay, examine the Deck- 
ration agreed to by the tvjo Pknipo^s of 
G. Britain and Spain, the baiis upon 
which the vohok treaty flands. Is not 
the treaty oWtrecht invalidated, in fome 
meafure, hy this accord or declaration f 
Are not the rights and interefts <^ the 
South'fea compawy iacrificed to the unjuft 
demands of the court of Spain? Is not 
this great compatry, eftablimed by ay^ 
kmn treaty, confirmed by aS of parlia- 
ment, 2xA of which his nvfi facred Ma- 
jejij is Governor, put out of the prote- 
ction of the crown, unlefs they redeem 
themlelves by a fine of L. 68,000 ? 
This is fo extraordinary a cafe, that I 
do not wonder it was left out of the 
body of the treaty, but only agreed to 
between our Plenipo^s and theirs, and 
made a condition^Dv^ qua non to the ra- 
tification of the whok Convention. Had 
this been a theobgtcal difiute between 
Don Quadra and Don K-^e, I flioold 
not have been furprizM at a diftindion 
fo nice and Jefuitical. But, alas! this 
expe£ent feems to be ^ our own growth, 
and not that of Spain, If Don K—m 
had been bred up to the quibbUs tf our 

mekly ESSAYS in MARCH 1739. jij 

this was certainly the inventioD of (bme guorda coftas are only jufl reprizals n- 

pon us. So that I apprehend the ba- 
lance o£ thefe depredations^ on hatb 
Jtdety makes up the accwnt refen^d t^ 
in the Cottvention. This is what the 
Great Man (ays is making Spain pajf 
coftsy and acknowledging our right to 
iail to M(r own pianiations whenever we 

I take this to be the fum of bis tri- 
umph over the poor Spaniard i and 
when they difmiis our EngUJh J)oxs^ at 
the end of their negotiations, we (hall 

learned head in Wefiminfter-HaUy in or- 
der to (ave the honour of the Grtat- 
Sealy and the danger which might a- 
rife irnm it. However, be it as it will, 
the cmpawf mud pay the money, or 
tlieie is an end of the Convention ; fmce 
mr njured merchants cannot have the 
Dropo(ed (atis^dlion for their loiTes, 
UDuI as it is, unlefs thofe^ who made 
die treaty y would be pleafed to pay it 
oot of their own pockets. 
So far I could forgive the t'wo Dons 

of "England and Spain^ if they would know what we have farther to pay. 

Qxidelcend to (lop here, and only take This, I fay, is all that appears, at pre- 

Ais Jmali fite from the proprietors of fent; for the itft is notning but mill 

tlie company^ which I fubmit to the and darknefs ; and we mud go to the 

wilHom and honeily of our pre fent Di- 
nSorsy who are not eafily amu4d. But 
wkt erieves me mod, in this afiair, 
is hmtber demand^ in which the honour 

Pardo for ferther light and information. 
When the eight months are expired, from 
the 24th of January laft, we (hall 
know the fate of the Britijh commerce^ 

tfthe nation is chiefly concerned. We and our right to go to our own colonies , 

aieto pav, it feems, for the damage if thecommiilionof ourPJSr;ri^VfliouUI 

fcfbdned by the Spaniards when we di- not be continued to the end of the next 

ftaxb'd thar fleet in the conqueft of feffion of parliament, 

Suiify in the^ear 1 7 1 8. I tho^ht fo But here I muft ask, why all this fo<- 

then, and think fo dill, that this was lemnicy about a trtfiiugfum^ to be paid 

the moft glorious aftion of that reign, on onejide, or the other f Axt the great 

as it pat a flop to the hafly growth of points of*vi/itiag,/earching, limits, and 

the naval power of Spain, preferved the pofleflion ot Georgia unfettled, and 

i(d^, and the peace of Eurobe, Well left to the decifion of Don Benjamin, 

bat, i&jr they, we agreed to redore them, and Don C—Jt—s /» Is it reciprocally a- 

by the treaties ot Madrid, Seville, &c. greed already, on both Jtdes, withou): 

Why therefore did they not take them, 3ie knowledge of thefe two great Pleni- 

when offered, but fulFer them to rot at po^s ? For what can they do at Madrid? 

Port-mahon f Did they expeft an equi- Are they to (lay till the feas axe mea- 

valent of {o many (hips of war out of fured, in order to limit the navigation 

tbt Irepve fquadron which conquered ofG. Britain ; or Virc they to fee wr rc- 

them? But, alas! tho/e treaties were /wxw fairly divided? Whatever rcllraints 

yciy fer fiom jufUfying this concejfion, we may think proper to admit upon our 

in the gneneral opinion of the nation, ewnnafuigation, I can never believe that 

whatever they might elfewhere ; and, fuch unlSnited powers arc given to any 

perhaps, it would have b^n better, if two men, without confent iS parliament ^ 

It had never been mentioned in a /r«<z(y, even tothofe of the mod exalted un- 

but a fecret w^ fbund out to grati- derflandings ; and tiicrefone I mud con- 

fy thdr poetep&ms, by givii^ them elude that this bargain is already druck 

^ tther rotten Jb^sx^Vkcy^xst. In- and concluded; though, perhaps, not 

Aetd of tius, our deftru£Uon of their yet proper to fee the light. ]3ut what 

fleet hath Umi lepidibited, both by we do not fee, or rather what we are 

the Spaniards and their tools in Ej^- defired npt to fee, is ieen by all Europe^ 

bad, is an aft ofpyracy; Six George and by every nun in £>^/aff/, who hath 

^y^ and his fquadron are branded as his eyes open, notwith^uding the thin 

prates ; and confequently the robberies; vail thrown before them. It is a mat- 

mfulis aod baAariwsof the Spanifi teroftOQ much triumph fora/rwi/««- 

112 Weekly ESSAYS in 

tioH to conceal any conceflions made to 
them of tlie rights and coranlerce of 
C. Britain, and their fuperiority over 
us in this negotiatm ; though our great 
fnan is fo luppy as to frocure an appro- 
bation of all bit meafures^ paft, prelent, 
and to come. 

* It is certain, at leaft, that the ftate 
of the queftion upon this fubjedt is al- 
tered from what it was laft year: for it 
fccms that we are not, indeed, to be , 
liable to be ftoppM, vifited, or fearch'd, 
OH the open feas, or to ary other *violation 
or infraction of the (aid treaties ; the tnu- 
tual obfer*vance thereof andajuft regard 
to the privileges belonging to each other, 
being the only means of maintaining a good 
correfpondence between the tnud nations. 
But no notice is taken of the declara- 
tion and refolution, laft year, that no 


EFFECTS, arry^d from one part of his 
Majeftfs dominions to any other part there- 
off ivere to be deemed or taken «/ con- 
traband, or PROHIBITED GOODS, 
ly any XxcaXy JuhJ^ing bettueen the crowns 
tfG. Britain «W Spain. Befides, the 
manner, in which the article of not w- 
fiting, flopping, ox fearching, on the open 
feas, is to b» reftrain'd, with regard to 
the primleges belonging to Spain, gives 
us too much caufe to apprehend that 
our navigation is to be confined to 
fome limits, with refpe^ to their coafl, 
befides their ports and havens i and that 
if we tranfgrefs thoje limits-, if there 
ihould be found on board any fuch fhip, 
what they call contraband goods ; the 
whole fhall be deemed a legal feixure 
and confifcatei. 

However the matter ilands between 
our great man and Don Quadra, I fin- 
tereiy wiih, from the bottom of my foulj, 
both for the fake of the minifter, as 
well as my King and country, that the 

Con on mav go no farther. How 

fatal would it be to this nation to give 
Spain a right offearching ourjhips, un- 
der any pretence whatfoever, but as it 
IS already limited by treaties? and what 
treaty is there between us, which gives 
them a right to fearch any more than 
OURSELVES} Let them examine every 
treaty mention'd and confirmed \>ytbis 

MARCH 1739. 

Convention, and they will find the csJSs 
to be as I have reprcfented it. Have 
not we the fame right to fearch a f^iA 
leon or two, if we find them ftrag^ing 
near our fliores, as they have to l&rc£ 
any of our pips? Lei this be the con- 
dition, and we no mqre. Sue fliall( 
we fuffer the Spaniards to call the whole 
ocean their own, and give laws to « 
nation, whidi they neve^ conquer*d» 
except by treaties? We are as yet a ma- 
ritime power, and iuperior to any other 
in Europe. But God only knows howf 
long that may be our cale. Our y^«- 
men are the life and flrength of this 
country. They do not only fuppoit 
our maritime force, but are the very 
being of our commerce ; and that com- 
merce is the nurfery of our Icamen. If 
any branch of our trade fuffers by fbrcej^ 
or other interruptions, for a confideia- 
ble time, that trade mufl be loft, and 
the nurfery of our fe amen fo far deilroy'd* 
But v^hat is ftill of more fatal canfe- 
quence, the (pirit and valour of our lea- 
men, fo famous throughout the whole 
known world, mull l^ damp'd by the 
freonent infults and abufes of a cnul 
and contemptible enemy, till thejr become 
as tame as that enemy can wiih, or a(S 
thcf were formerly themfelves. 

From fuch a melancholy pxx)fpe£l:p 
what have we not to fear ? From fucH 
evils, good Lord deli<ver us, and bring 
the authors to fhame and .confufron. 
At leaft, let us not throw ourfdves 
headlong into the boufe of bondage. Bat, 
SLS no fuch treaty yet appears, we may 

fafely conclude, that Meff. K «< 

and C-^fl—s will be fufpended, before 
they are able to accompUih all this mif- 
chief. lean, &c. 

Universal SpedUtor, March 10. 

Portrait of a Learned Coxcombs 
and the folly of boafting an Illu* 
sTRious Descent ijuhere em an-- 
fwerable fortune is 'wanting, 

THere is no fpecies of aflfedsuion 
that has been more expofed and 
ridiculed tlun fopperies in drefs, (peech, 
and behaviour: Plays, iatires, eiiays. 

Digitized by KnvJ^/^r. • aboUflCr 

JFeekly ESSATS in 

abound with inHances of charadlers 
lerv*d op for the publick entertain- 
mcnt, /or being diftingoifh'd only by 
ab/urdfdes of that dafs. But among 
all file difieient kinds of coxcombs that 
are the growth of our fertile foil, and 
which i^ve been fucceffively made the 
load of wit and humour, to the bed of 
my remembrance, the learned coxcomb 
has hitherto efcap'd. I don't mean the 
diy, formal, arrogant, prefuming, over- 
bearing pedant : he has had juftice done 
\m already wery handfomely and ef- 
kdoBoILy by feveral authors; and, out 
of his own element, the univeriity, is 
iddom or ever to be met with: not 
that it was ever known, that a refor- 
mation was wnwht on a creature fo 
warped by prejudice, ill-digefted leam- 
mg and felf-conceit ; but rather the 
f^n is almoft worn out, and the cox- 
comb reigns in his (lead. 

The coxcomb, I mean the learned 
one, is a thing that is as vain of the 
little knowledge he has, as a fop of a 
well-&ncy'd or new-fafhion'd luit of 
doatbs; and wears it, like him, not 
for life, but oftentation. All that he 
reads, or hears, or thinks, he centres 
Jn one point, that of qualifyii^ him- 
felf to lead the company, and ing;rofs 
three ports in four of the converfation. 
Hence it is, that, let him be where he 
will, he begins the dialogue, changes 
the rd)je£t to what he pleafes, and as 
often as he pleafes ; elevates his voice 
the loudefl, decides with the mod fuffi- 
dency, is in pwn if all he fays is not 
applauded, and raves like a Iqnatick 
when contradicted. In bookfellers fliops 
he determines t^ htt of a book as foon 
as he has read the title-page, ranks the 
precedency of authors, proportions the 
merit of evenr living genius from Pope 
down to ♦»♦♦*, points out the ftrength 
and wcaknefs of each, and modeftly m- 
fiaoates diere is a certain intimate of 
his, that, if he could be prevailed upon 
t© write," would infinitely furpafs them 

In ooflee-hottres he gives the law, 
and admits of no appeal: Politicks, 
news, fcandal, are all his province a- 
iik^i and ib Ubexal is he of his know-: 

MARCH 1739. 113 

ledge, that fcarce a man enters, or goes 
out, but he has the goodnefs to ouige 
with fome valuable hint, or to cor- 
tcSl in fbme popular error. As no one, 
if you will believe him, has fo good, or 
fo early intelligence of what*s doing in 
the great world as himfelf ; fo no man 
communicates it more freely : What he 
was inilruded with, as a fecret of the 
utmoft importance, even on his own 
evidence, he divulges to all that will 
give him but the hearing. If any man, 
of lefs afTurance than himieli^ fhould 
prefume to controvert the minuteil par- 
ticular, he immediately quotes the moH 
illuHrious authorities by name, as his 
bofom friends, and confounds thofe with 
his impudence that he could not con^ 
vince with his arguments. 

At the Opera or Play-houfe, one 
would think no body had a right to ac- 
quit or condemn but he : aciore the 
curtain draws up, he gathers a litde 
circle about him, to hear his (kill in 
criticifm, his long acquaintance with 
the Ibgc, and a fhort hiftory of the 
numbcrlefs pieces, that, like the ghofts 
in the What-d^ye callityOwz their deaths 
to him ; talks of Handel as his right 
hand man, calls Pope by his Chrilban 
name, and fpeaks of Shakefpear as a 
good, pretty writer, confidering the 
times he lived in. After the perfor- 
mance is begun, he draws the eyes of 
the whole circle upon him, by his ob- 
ilreperous outcries and felf-fufhcient be- 
haviour; If the aftors difplcale him, 
he has no mercy on the poet ; if the 
poet, he is as inexorable to theafbon; 
and if the audience don't take their 
cues wholly and folely from him, he 
damns them all. 

To court he never comes, compLiin- 
ing merit is there joftled afide by worth- 
leis titles, and learning eclips'd by well- 
bred impertinence; and, not content 
with absenting himfelf, rails at all that 
do not the fame. According to him, 
eveiy man is either knave or fool, or 
both, that is feen there; and every 
woman, no better than fhe fhould be. 
From gencnils, he defcends to parti 
culars; arraigns this Lady, that Lord^ 

Digitized by VJPV./V./V I ■ 


114 ff^^^^b ESSArS in 

diis charafler, that perfon : pardonable 
in no one particular, but that he at- 
tacks all fexesy degrees and parties, a- 
like; and that what would oe malice 
in another, is in him but the vanity of 
being thought a wit. 

In private femilies he behaves with 
the air of a cenfor, rather than a vift- 
tor ; plays the critick on the furniture, 
the difpofition of the pidures, the fa- 
jQiion of the plate, the equipage of the 
tea-table, and even the bill of fare. 
Neither does he flop here; but gives 
the lady his advice in the colour of 
her doadis, the fetting of her jewels, 
and the lining of her <^air ; then turns 
him about to the Gentleman, with 
whom he makes as free, in the choice 
and arrangement of his books, the me- 
rits of his fervants, and the education 
of his children. Nay, if a &mily-hint 
happens to be dropt, he ferioufly prefles 
both to lay the whole affair before him, 
offers his advice and his fervioes, and 
takes upon himfelf to anfwer for the 
event : Or, (hould they be on their guard 
againft his officious impertinence, and 
let nothii^ efcape of that nature, he 
fets his head to work to recolle6t everv 
thing he has heard of their afiairs ; ana, 
if any circumflance arifes to his pur- 
pofe; blurts it out, and bleiles himfelf 
that they have an opportunity of put- 
ting his abilities to a trial. 

This is the miniature of an accom- 
pli(h*d coxcomb; to draw him as large 
as the life, would be to write his ftory ; 
and, I think, no one is fo worthy of 
that talk as himfelf. Some people, 
perhaps, may think fuch a charaAer 
the creature of imagination only ; but 
many more, I am perfuaded, will trace 
out his refemblance among their ac* 
quaintance. This, however, is obvi- 
ous, that the man of mode and drefs is 
but a mere innocent in comparifon to 
him : He is fatisfied with thiiiKing him* 
felf a pretty fellow; but the other in- 
fifts on ,your acknowledging his fupe^ 
riority as the wifer man: Give the fiiil 
a fine coat and a glafs, and he enter- 
tains himfelf in loliloquy, without fo 
much as throwing away a wifh or 
thought on all the world befide; but 

MARCH 1739; 

the lafl, though, to the full, as mudi 
a felf-lover, does nqt know his own i- 
mage when he fees it, and is fond of 
the fociety of others, only that their 
follies ana miiUkes may (erve as foilt 
to his own fuppos*d excellencies. 


MOfl people, allied to great fa- 
milies, are extremely apt to va- 
lue themfelves upon it, as a fort of he- 
reditary prec^ency over the rell of the 
world : and none difplay this vain-glo* 
rious weaknefs more, than thofe who' 
receive leafl advantage from the very: 
thing they boaft of fo much; I meaiif 
the remote or declining branch^ of 
thefe illuilrious flocks, who are, gene- 
rally f|teaking, fo far from being coun- 
tenanced by their principals, that they 
areconfidered ana treated even wita 
more pride, diflance and contempt, than 
fhrangers in as bad or worfe circum- 
fiances than themfelves. Nay, the very 
fervices they apply for as relations, they 
are refus*d for tlit very reafon ; and 
my Lord, or Lady, reddens at their 
names, as if their misfortunes rather 
merited reproach, than pity or affiflance. 
Hence they are chac*d from their tables 
and levees, their letters are ordered to be 
refused ; and, if they petition even to be 
their fervants, that very blood which 
thev plead in their recommendation is 
fUll an infurmountable bar: hence, if 
they complain ever fo pathetically to 
others, or make ever fo flrong an in- 
terefl to be provided for elfewhere, *tb . 
lookM upon as a fufBcient anfwer, Tliat 
fuch or fuch Noble families are your 
relations; and if they have no bowels 
for your diftrefles, why fhould I f and 
hence, entirely abandonM to their ca- 
lamities, they become, partly from their 
pride, and partly from their inability to 
lerve themfelves, the moil genuine ob- 
jeds of companion on the &ce of the 

This, Sir, if not convinc'd by your 
own obfervations, you will make iSo 
fcruple to believe, when I aflhre you, 
that, within thefe ten months, a widow 
Lady, defcended from and allied to the 
greatcft%fi^;sis|l|^^tioD, w^^ 

meUy ESSATS in 

JocM tf foch (kplorable circomlbiiicesy 
as to vf J2t the common necefiaries of 
fi/e; aod| when extreme mifery, get- 
dng the better of her modefly, obl%*d 
lier ro failidt thofe of her blood for 
daily bread, was refusM even that, cni- 
dly refused, tho^ ihe implored it in all 
^ ponies of want and defpair ; on 
Ikt bare knees implorM it of thofe who 
are poflefled of thodands, and thou- 
faods more than their luxuries could 
want, or than they have fpirit to ufe^ 
tt hve any title to deferve. The me- 
badioly refult of which was, the de- 
^ooding creature, heart-broke with in- 
iifprtable miieiy, withdrew to her 
wretched lodgii^; where (he lock*d 
kifelf op, conceded her wants, ftifled 
kr complaints, and, at four days end, 
vas (bond fiarvM to death. Judge, 
Sir, how much reaibn we have, to boaH 
of oar de(cent, or depend on merci- 
Ids, unfympathizine relations, however 
great, rich, or noUe! I am^ &c. 

Common Sense, March i^, 
Hifimy rf A P P I u s. 

rie hapjyy calm we now enjoy, 
fbm that excellent trtatyj which 
bas by fo coniiderable a majority been 
approved of in parliament, leaves us 
qmte at our eafe as to danger from a- 
broad ; and the fecure reliance we may 
bave on the wifdom with which ourdo- 
meftick afl^rs will be managed by thofe 
K^bo have taken foch good care of our 
foreign, makes it impertinent, at pre- 
^t, to trouble the publick with any 
tl»ughts upon thofe points which have 
bcretofcrc been the iubjedls of this fa- 

I fcall, therefore, perform the pro- 
mife 1 made at my firft fettine out,That, 
when nothing material prefented itfelf 
relatiM to our prefent fyftem of poli- 
ticks, I would amufe my readers with 
rtmarh npon hijlcfy, poetry, or any o- 
l tber agreeable fuhjeSt, which, in the 
\ interval of bttfineis, may be worth their 

J was, laft week, reading in the lb- 
«w« hiftory a very remarkable paflage, 
which, iuall its circumfiances, has not, 

MARCH 1739. 115 

I think, been attended to quite Ui much 
as it deferves. Every one knows the 
character of the famous Decemvir Ap- 
pius, a bold, prefumptuous, fraudu- 
lent, wicked man, with fome parts; 
and how, under the vail of the legifla- 
tive authority, with which he ai3 his 
&£iion had been intrufled, for the good 
of the publick, they exercifed a tyranny 
worfe than that d[ the Tarfuini them- 

The eifea of it was (as Lhfy, lib. $. 
fays) that not onlv the Romans them- 
felvcs were reduced to a date of defpair, 
but that the neighbouring nations began 
to treat them with contempt : Nee iffi 
fikm dej^onderant anitnos, fed cwiemiii 
cetpti erant a faiittms populis. This 
contempt drew on great de^Medations 
and inmlts from thole who before had 
trembled at the Roman name. 

jfypius and his h£don were at a lofi 
whst to do. They conveened the Se- 
nate ; but the bell of the fenators had 
withdrawn themfelves from it, and 
were retired into the country, 

Indignitate rerum cefferani in agroj ; 
fuarumque rerum JbllicUiy amijjfa fttblicd^ 
tantum ab injuria Je abejfe rati, ^cm- 
turn a ccetu, congrejfuque in^otentium 
dominorum fe amoverant, 

" Jn vain ( fays Dionyfius Halicamaf* 
feus) did the herakJ fummon them to 
meet : No one would go to the fenate 
but the partifans of the Oligarchy, and 
the mod wicked and (candalous of that 
fadion." Not having the Greek by 
me, I will quote the words of the French 
trandation. Le heraut eut beau lej a- 
peller, et crier a haute ifoix ; ferfonne 
ne fe rendit a t affemblee except e les par- 
tifans de rOllgarchie ; eatr" autres les 
phis mechans, et les phis decrtex de cette 
failioriy Denis D'Hajicam. /, 1 1 . r, 1 1 . 

What a pi£bire does this give us of 
the (late of Rome at that time f In the 
fenate a fadion, who, calling them- 
felves the legiflature, had fu^preffed the 
laws, underminedthe liberties, and ex- 
pofed the honour of th«r country to the 
Icorn of foreign nations : In a voluntary 
retirement all the friends of their coun- 
try, all who defired its glonr, or intend- 

ii6 IVeekly ESSAYS in MARCH 

ed its good. What a reverfc was here 

of the natural order of things ? The 
leader may wonder, perhaps, that thefc 
worthy patriots (hould thus abandon the 
fenate to the creatures of Jppius, But 
what could they do there ? 'i'he weight 
of the foftion was fuch, that it was as 
vain to oppofe, as it was fhameful to 
comply : they might have difhonoured 
themfelves, they could not ferve the re- 
publick: IL n'etoient pas affexpuiffans 
(fays Dionyfius) pour lew tenir t&e^ ou pour 
teprimer Uur 'violence ; k feul parti qui 
hur refioit a prendre ^ etoit ^abandonner 
Rome: " They had not Ihength enough 
to refill, or to reprefs the violence of 
thele men ; the only party which re- 
mained for them to take, was to aban- 
don Rome." To what end, indeed, 
Ihould they have impofed on the pu- 
blick by pretending to keep up the 
forms of a free government, when the 
elfencc and life of it was entirely loft ? 
Was it not better to open the eyes of 
the Tioman people, than, behind the 
fkreen of authority, and the name of a 
fenate, to cover the crimes, the follies, 
the oppreffions of afaftion, which (as 
Liiy fays ) donis corrumpehatury et ma- 
lehat licentiam fuanty qUam omnium li- 
hertatem? Yet, the neceifity of a \var 
being become more evident by the daily 
incurfions of the enemy, fome of the 
fenators who had feparated themfelves 
before, returned to the fenate : There 
they declared it to be their opinion, 
that no troops fhould be raifed till the 
conftitution was reftored. 

But the partifans ci Appius carried 
their point, as the others might have 
forefeen. A war was voted, and the 
roanaeement of it committed to thofe 
who had drawn it on by their ill con- 
dud alone. What was the confequence ? 
they were (hamefully beat i the Roman 
foldiers would not fight under fuch Ge- 
nerals : t^e quidduShi atqiie aujpicio De- 
cemruirorum profpere ufquam gereretur^ 
n)tnci fe per Juum^ atque illorum dedecm 
patiebantur. So that it appears the 
honeft part of the fenate, who were the 
minority, would have done more wife- 
ly to have remained in their retreat, 
than to have aiSftcd the faaion in pto- 


viding fupplies for a war, which, unnd 
fuch an adminiftration, they had voiiz» 
to conclude would be carried on^%cc a 
their other affairs, corruptly, wealcl; 
inelorioufly, unfuccefsfully. 

What enfued by the accident of f^r. 
ginid*s rape, is very well known. 
wiU only obferve, with Dion^us, L 1 1 
c. 4. That although that accident W3 
immediate ruin Ko Apfius2xA\i\s pax^ 
yet the difcohtents of the publick, whit; 
were the real caufes of it, were owLn 
to a feries of infamous and ^lanxu^ 
proceedings '; and it was fo evident tb^ 
this would undo him, that one oF Iv 
beft friends, Caius Claudius^ before th^ 
accident happen'd, openly exhorted hi(| 
" to lay down his ill-got power, ai| 
not indanger the whole, by making i^ 
fafety incompatible with that of tfej 
ftate." J 

I fhall quote fome words of \vi%J^e9P( 
from the trench tranflation of l^ionjfi^ 
1. 1 1 . C. 1 7. Vousfaut-ild'autrespreum 
du mawvais etat ou fe trouw aujomreTJ^ 
la republiquCy et du mecontentement gtmt^ 
ral des citoiensy que la defertion dee fl% 
hometes gens? fans parler des autres^ 
corrAieny a-t-il des fenateurs qui refteni i 
Romey except e auelques uns, qui ^vous fm^ 
aitache% par les liens de la parente, m 
ceux de r amitie ? 

Reutetrea^ex <vousfait entre *vous ftet 
que traitefecret ; peutetre vous etes vmi 
donne une foi mutuelk 5 peutetre mem 
a^CK 'vous pris les Dieux a temoins de «lB 
engagemens : ft cela efi ainfiy facbe^c fv^ 
des fmblables promeffes^ faites au pr^i 
dice de la patrie^ et des citoiens^ ne peu* 
tvent fe f aire fans impiete i contez que dk 
les executer ceferoit un nowveau crime, rf 
qu^au contraire c^eft unmerited'y manquer^ 
Which in £»f/i;i& will run thus: "Bi 
you need any other proofs of the preiest 
ill condition of the commonwealth, an4 
the general difcontent of the people, thaai 
the defertion of the men of the greatefhr 
nour and integrity f To fay nothing of 
others, how many fenators are thcW 
who flay in Rome, except fome who 
are attached to you by the tics of rela- 
tion or friendftiip ? ' j 
Perhaps you have made among jf^ 

Digitizecl by VJ \J\jy^ IV. i^iV^fl^ 

Weekfy^ESSATS in 

filrcsalecret treaty; perhaps joa have 
maCoally given your ^th to one ano- 
dier ; pe&ps yoii I^ve even called the 
Gods to witness your engagements : if 
it he A, know that fuch promiies, made 
to the prejudice of your country, and 
of yoarfenow-citizen&, cannot be made 
without impiety ; con£der that to exe- 
cute them would be a new crime, and 
tbt» on the contrary, i^ is a merit to 

I have left out a deal more to the 
^ purpoie; but the turn of the 
yUasAc is to perfuade uifffiuj to reflore 
iheconftitution : for the oppoiition wa9 
fDi perfonal ; but the aim of the fena- 
toBy who had withdrawn themfelves 
iiom him and his party, was to remedy 
Ipcvances, and to bring the govern- 
ineat back to its £hl princii£s. If 
'j^pisu would have conknted to this, 
they would not have hurt a fair of his 
head. But fuch was his lull of doxni- 
lion, that he was deaf to advice, and 
continued his tyranny, till, all uniting 
agadnft him, he fuflbed the puniihjnent 
Vfhkh his crimes deferved. 

Daily G azsttuuh, Mirch zi, 
Tbi fatal cmfHpuncfis pf a Pivisjo/i 

1^/ tukrii Gracchoi de fiditiom pta- 

THere has Xeldom ha|^nM a po- 
nolar commotion in any ilate, be 
the aotnors of it ever lb induihious to 
cdoor ielf-intereiled proceedlijg^ with 
tbe appearances of puolick ipv it, bvt 
mn a clofe examination it will fall u^- 
«r thisdefi^iition } The rage of many » 
ibr the advantage of a inv, a,t the^- 
sifcft uik .the whole. 

Many inftances nug^ be broiffiht 
femdie itffqMxiluftary in proof of this 
afiertioD i fer as t^ Rmans were a 
brave ^ generous people, lovers of li- 
hcrty, andconfequently jealous of eve- 
i)r thjiqg that ]ookM like an attempt up- 
on it, tb^ were the nnore expoled (o 
the payees of wicked and defigning 
jnen, the whole fyftem of whole ^- 
Jiticks was built upon that virtuous prin- 
opk of extrafting privaK advaatagci 

MARCH 1759. ,17 

fromjpublick tumult and diHatis^^Uon. 
Sece^ons and {editions (terms proniifr 
cuouily ufed by Roman authors, an4 
which fcem to cnffer only in the degree) 
were Irc^ucntlv the works of theft wor- 
thy patnots, brought about by falfe a- 
lanns, £die fuggefiions, imaginary gri^- 
yances and caufes, which the people 
theroiclvcs as little felt as they enjoy©^ 
the remedies. 

I was led into this fpecuJation by 
reading, and comparing; with £/t^, the 
account which the Abbe Vertot gives of' 
thofe difturbanccs occaficned in the A?- 
man commonwealth, and conducled by 
L. Sextius and C. Licinhs Stoh^ upon 
the fubjedl of admitting Fkheiam mtp 
the comuMhip j a qucftion in which it 
feems the people took very little con- 
cern, thou^ their leaders, fo much 93 
to make it an abfolute condition of their 
afliiUng any longer in the publick coun- 
cils, or contributing in any fhape to- 
wards the fervice oftjiat people, whole 
rights and intcrcfts tlicv were {as Tri- 
bunes) in the moil tofemn manner in- 
trufted with. Such was the publick fpi- 
rit, (b diiintereftcd the views, fo great 
]the gratitude and affeflion which theje 
honefl Tribunes bpre to the people they 
reprefented \ 

But before I proceti any further, it 
jnay not be anufs to take a more parti- 
cular view of their chara£lers. 

L. Sextius and C Lkinius were nei> 
ther of them without abilities, of tur- 
bulent, fadious, difcontented tepfipers, 
and determined at any rate to poHefs 
themfelves of the confulfliip. With 
thefe quali^cations, and thefe motives, 
our two patriots fct Qut in purfuit of tha 

The people were too well fatisficd 
with the hands in which this high office 
had been hitherto lodged, to receive 
eafily any propofal for dianging them. 
What was then the expedient ? why, 
drefs it up in a popular garb, annex it 
to an Agrarian law, and a law for the 
redudion of debts, and fee, if thus 
fw^eten'd, the people may not be pre* 
vailed upon to fwallow it. Palatable 
^ t)ie propolal now was^ we ftill fin<J 

Uigiti^d by VJ \J\J^ I ■ W^ijf 

ii8 mekly ESSJrS in 

they refufdd to do fo. 77 etoit quefiiou 
i* intereffer tout k corbs du peufk dam ct 
projetj (fays Fertot:) ce qui ti* etoit pas 
Ji aife j h multitude etant bien plus tou- 
chee di Tejperance du partage des terres^ 
oude la diminution des dettes^ que de la 
dignite confulairey qui ne pouvoit jamais 
regarder^ que les fuij/ans de fin ordre. 
Which in Engli^ runs thus : " The bu- 
finefs wa5, .to intereft the whole body 
of the people in this projeft : No ealy 
tafk ; the multitude being much more 
fcnfibly affected with theliopesof Iha- 
j-ing the lands, or of having their debts 
diminifhed, than with the confular di- 
gnity, in which none, but the moft 
powerfiil of their order, could ever have 
any concern. " 

Livy defcribes, pretty much to the 
fame efiedt^ the fenfe tliat the people 
had of the infinceritv of their leaders 
polities: Concilio plebis hahito^ apparuit 
qu/e ex promulgatis plebi, qu^ latorilnis 
gratiora ejjent \ nam de foenore atque a- 
gro rogationes juhhant, de plebeio eon- 
frlatu antiquabant. '* An ailembly of 
the people oeing held, it was there e- 
vident which of the laws offered were 
mod acceptable to the people, and which 
to the pr(n)ofers of them i for they en- 
abled thofe concerning the lands and the 
rcdu6yon of intereft, but abfolutely rc- 
jefled that which related to the plebeian 
confulate. " 

So heinous a diftindtion between their 
own caufe and that of their Tribunes, 
was not to be forgiven the commons ; 
it drove our adventurers almoft to de- 
fpair. They now threw off the maft ; 
anger and difappointment hurried them 
into fuch meaiures as fully explained 
the true motives of their pretended zeal 
ifor the people's welfere : Le deux Jri- 
ffunes, alarme% de cette froideur, feigni- 
rent de ne *voubir phis prendre depart aux 
4tffaires } ils re/Uferent meme de concourir 
dans r election de nowveaux Tribunes pour 
pamtee furuante. *^ The two Tribune^, 
alarmed at this indifference [of the 
people in regard to the confulfhip], 
pretended the^ would take no more 
{hare in pubhck affairs ; nay, they 
D^qally did reiiii^ to C099ur in (he «- 

MARCH 1739. 

le£tion that was to be made of TVi- 
bunes for the enfuing year. " Wliat 2 
defection was here f what a bafe, ielf 
interefted defertion of their own dutj 
and the neojple's truft ? No feceflion o^ 
the whole body of the people, bat t 
moft ungenerous revolt of the reprefen- 
tadves from their own cottft:iti]cnts 
Aut omnia acctpite^ aut nihil fero, "wm 
the language to the people ; that is, ii 
iphmEngl^^ '* Do our ouiinefs, or wc 
renounce yours. " 

It is a great reproach to the JRamen 
conftitution, that, notwithftanding it 
bare£icM a facrifice of the peofde^s in- 
tereft to their own ambition, one oi 
thefe men did at laft obtain the oonfid- 
fhip ; but not till he had plunged Im 
country in all the confiifion and dangei 
that a five years interregnum could pro- 
d'uce : and this furely is a price no coun^ 
try would wiUinglv pay for iatxsfyuq; 
any private man's lult of power. 

I cannot take leave of this fubjed, 
without obierving, that when thefe Bdfe 
patrons of the people had ftirr'd up fuck 
tumults in the ftate as were lltue lefi 
than an invitation to foreign invafion, 
the next honeft ftep they took was, to 
prevent, if poffible, the raifmg an army. 
Uele£tum impedire^ is, throughout Lr<^ 
the laft relbuice of .all iSfappoiDtiM 
Tribunes; chufing rather to expoie their 
country, naked and defencelelSy to the 
enemy, than not covem it themfelves 
in the manner their own rage and ain- 
birion difhted to them. 

As frequently, however, and as daii* 
geroufly as the Boman people were de- 
luded ; when the peril b^me immi- 
nent, and the caufe of their country 
cried aloud for their afliflance, th^ 
never failed to give it. They lifted 
chearfully, ferved bravely, and made 
that timely diftindion between thole 
feditious hunters after power, and the 
true friends of their conftiturion, which 
fecured their rights and privileges at 
home, and led diem to ahnoft oeitaiq 
conqueft abroad. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


iyeeify ESSJTS m 

Common Sense, March 24. 

The taujes of the U/s of the Liberties if 


ISfaallgo on, as I did in my lafi, to 
eotertain my readers with remarks 
upon hiftory, either antient or modem ; 
not according to any regular ]^an, like 
the incomparable writer of tiie Differ- 
UUm upon parties J but as the courie of 
my ftodies or amuiements happens to 
throw it in my way. 

I have been lately engaged in read- 
ing the bifiory of the *wars of the Com- 
tms of Cafiilej by the jodicious Dr* 
CcdUr/ ; from whom we have a much 
better account of the antient conftitu- 
(ioo of Spain^ than in the celebrated 
hifbiian of that country, Mariana ; 
who is fo (ervile a flatterer of monarchy, 
thftt, thro' his hiftory, it (carce appears 
that the Cafiilians were ever fiec : but 
fiom oar countiyman*s labours it is 
Ihewn, undeniably, that if they could 
\sat guarded the fpirit, as well as the^ 
did tM forms of their government ; if 
they could have checked the influence 
t)f the crown in beftowing employments, 
as well as they had limited its power in 
other rdpe6b ; England and S<weden 
would not have b^n at this day the 
only nations in Europe that are free un- 
der a King. 

Iftiail now content myfelf with fome 
flwrt observations upon that fatal peri- 
od when the liberties of Cajliie were 
lirft betrayM by a corrupted Corfex, and 
then deftroyM for ever by an ill-con- 
da6led civil war. 

Never was country more flourifliing 
dttn Charles of Auftria found Spain at 
hisacceflton to that crpwn, upon the 
death of F^rr^ff^i the Catholick. He 
was himfelf a brave, magnanimous 
prince: but, unfortunately for him and 
ibrhis&bje6b,inthe handsof aminifter 
the moft rapacious and corrupt of thofe 
times. After this tutor of the Kin7 ( for 
fo he was) had pillaged Caftile, by all 
theartsof miniiteriarrapine; as an ex- 
pedient to get more, he advifed the cal- 
Im^a CortcTi, To fecurc himfelf a 
majority there, he got it called at the 
Groin, a town of da/ich, which was 

MA kCH 1739. 119 

an inconfiderable province, wholly at- 
tached to the court: whereas in the 
great cities, VaUadolid and l^oledo^ the 
majority <within doors might have beeti 
frightened by the majority nvithout, and 
the loud voice of the publick have pre- 
vailed over the whifpers of corruption ; 
for the Caflitian deputies were not yet 
fo hardcn'd in guilt oy the force of ha- 
bit or example, as to feel no (hame io 
being publickly confidered as the be- 
trayers of their countiy. 

When the King carfie to the Oroim 
to hold his CorteXj two conjsderahle men, 
Don Peter de Laffo a Vega^ and Don, 
Akmtjo Syha^ who were l»th in hisfcr' 
^ice^ and had both military commands^ 
had io much regard to their honour and 
the good of ueir country as to wait 
upon him, and remonflrate againft their 
proceedings. But the only anfwer they 
received was, that one of them, upon 
his allegiance, ihould repair immedi- 
ately to Gibraltar, whereof he was Go- 
vemour ; and the other, to Naples, td 
look after his regiment. Thus, by the 
advice of his tutor, did his Majefty treat 
thofe in hb fervice who had the courage 
atid virtue to convey to him the fenfe of 
his people. But thefe worthy natri-r 
ots flighted his orders, attended the 
Cortex^ and entred a protefi againJI alt 
that fl)ould be done in that affcmbly ; to 
which the city of Toledo, whofc com- 
miffioners thejr were, had fent no pro- 
curators, not lookmg upon it as a law- 
ful Cortex. 

The procurators of Salamanca ha- 
ving likewife^^^i againft the giving 
a new donative, before the time was ex- 
pired for the payment of one that had 
oeen granteid in a former Cortex, were 
expeird the houfe for adhering to that 
proteftation : and tho' great numbers of 
the procurators and of the chief cities ( I 
tranfcribe the words of Dr. Geddes) 
didwlently oppofe thegi<vin7 of am money , 
the fum that bad been demanded nvas 
granted by a majority, ivho n^jere faid t» 
ba<ve been hired by bribes, and by promifet 
of offices made to them by the B't/hop o/^Ba- 
dajox, and the Commandador of Calatra- 
va ; <who, for fuch t^oBices, nuere e*very 
'where calltd ncmilh tools ; as the No- 
S a *^^» 

Digitized by VJV_/V_7V LV^ 

Uo iP'eekly ESSATS in 

hksy fir baking on, an/i conffyhg nviib 
ficb tbingtj rwere called ChcvreV [Firft 
Miiiifler to Charles V.] Journeymen 
huhoyfo they couUbut have ajhare of tbe 
JpoUsfdidnot care hanu much their country 
nuasjkndered bs fireigfters. 

This threw the people of Caftile Intd 
clefpair : they faw their liberties given 
up by their reprefehtativcs; the fenfe of 
the nation dilregarded by thofe, who 
ought to have made it the fole rule of 
their condua ; and a corrupt pecuniaiy 
Influence governing all, under a mini- 
Her who had no other notion of the endd 
6f power, than to acquire riches fot 
himfelf J or of the means Df fupport- 
Sng it, than by beftowing a fha^e (rf 
them on thofe who would abet and aid 
Ills opprei&ons. 

This carried them to violfcncfes, na- 
tural enough in fuch a fitUation, but 
Which they had better not have run in- 
to, as appeared by the event. After 
alTociatini; together for the defence of 
their liberties, and reveiinng themfelves 
on thofe who had fold tnem (b fliame- 
fully, with an intemperance of anger, 
whidi d^/hoMmrediufttcey as muit inevi- 
tably happen in thefc popular commo- 
tions, they drew up a manifeHo wh:ch 
GontainM all their demands. It deferves 
to be red at len^h in Dr. Geddes, but I 
shall only mention one artide, which 
Ktitv^ to be the moft important of aU* 

Art. VI. That it JbaU not be Lnvful 
fir the King to gk;i any office orfaUty to 
any of tbe procurators of tbe Cortez. 

Had thev carried this, this wou]4 
liave carriea all the reft, fo far as was 
juft and confident with the good of the 
ftate. A Cprtez free from influence 
would have redrelled all their grievan- 
ces, delivered the King from evil 
CounfeUors, and reflored the conflitu- 
tion. But this, and all the reH, was 
denied them by the fadlion at court ; 
tid lixsy were driven into confufions i 
which Cardinal Adrian himfelf, whom 
the King had left Regent when he went 
into Germany^ was fo honeft to tell him, 
ought npt to be charged on the Cafti-^ 
lians^ l)ut on bis covetous and tyrannical 
vdniflefsy *wbo bad made them de^erate. 

In the niean tim^ U^ Ngbilify ^^ 

M A k C H 173^- 

a cdd and neutral part. They 
moft of theili attachedto the crowAb^ 
places or grants; and tbe Conunoas 
were Ho imprudent as to confirm that 
attachment, and force them oat of ittekr 
inaflivity, into a direft declaration for 
the court, by demandii^ a refumption 
of gmnts, which would have niin*d 
moft of the great fiimilies. However, 
fome of them entred into treatv ^tH 
the Commons ; and the Confta!ble dT 
Caftik offered them articles, upon which 
he promiied to join with them, if denied 
by tlic King. They were five in num« 
ber : t Will obfenre only upon the lafi. 

Art. V. that itJbaUmi be lawful far: 
the king to lay anvneiv taxes i^on the (ub« 
Je6ls, unlefs tip Be given bjr a free Cariac* 

't'his fouiicis veiy fpacious ; but, in 
tSed, was nothing at all :^ for as it £i 
not explained what fhould^ done lo 
make it ^free Cortez^ a Cortex with at 
majority of flace-men^ might have (at 
tod called tbemfehves fiee^ and impoied 
the moft oppreflive taxes at the will of 
the court ! fo that the only di&renoe td 
the people of Caftile would have been, 
to And themf<^es rumM, not by the 
Angle power of the King, but with tbe 
help and by the authority of the ^uthde 
corrupted legijlature. 

As this foil veiy ihort of the demand 
they had made, it was wifely me^bd 
by all, but a few weak, half-reatonio^ 
men, who could not difUnguifh between 
names and things. Other articles were 
propofed to them by the Ahdremte of 
Cafiikj ftill lefs advantageous and fblid 
than the five above named. Two of 
them were, Thztfun^tuary Unas Jhomid 
be made, and that means fiouUbe founi 
for the preventing tffe exportation ofvMoL 

Thefe were ^)od popular points ; but 
of no ufe at a time, when toe queftioo 
was. Whether CsSiSis fiouSl be free or 

Had a free Cortex been tailed, weQ 
puxged of corruption, it might have 
been proper enough to have confidered 
of thececonoroy(» theHate; but what - 
was it to the Caftiliansj whether thofo 
who betray^ tliem to the court, voent 
thither in plain coats or in &ice iaud 
mbrvidtryt or whether thdr Vfodl was 
'■ ' - ' ^' rux) 

mekJy ESS ATS in MAftCH 1759. itt 

hff 6r iia^ wiien a claiidtjiiite trade was tors of S&lamanca^ have protelle d a- 

gainfl thehr proceediiffis, and, without 
laying to be expelled, have 'witbJto'wk 
from an aJjfhAfy nvbert their preAnt^ 
cmlddonogood: They fltoald then Juivt 
united together upon one great poinf^ 

iHe? But theie protxsfitions were only mxiti the rejhring the in^t^etidency rfAe 

tarrying on between the meiiilAis of 
die C»te% and a profligate ttiiniftef, in 
whidi the commodities tradcM for weir, 
ta one fide, nlaces and penfions, on d»6 
Dtftery the liberties and honour of Ca- 
/But thefe propofitions were only 

ftrown out to catch dife weak and tli Oortez, by removing Aat influence 

Ittiwaty; men of difcemment &w 
dmx^h them, and rejected tli^m with 
dti&in. All hopes of an dccommoda- 
tioo beii^ then at &n end, a civil wat 
edoed ; in which the Cbmmons afted 
ii&By, that it coold end in nothing 
lot dieir utter undoing. For, firft, 
dttf imieed th^ Nobility on the dde of 
(becMwii, by violendy attackii^their 
ioterefts m the tendercft joints ; they 
totred into no concert with Valencia, 
Mdti Was hi artiis kt the fame time a- 
hinft the King and Nobl^ upon the 
ame ihotives ; and ^ey gave time to 
dkdr enemies to recover urength, and 
brii^ a difciplined ahAy out of Na- 
againft their militia, Which might 

Which, as experienee had fhewn, was 
ftrong enough to iecure to the crowni 
conftant majority diere» againft the fenfe 
of the nation. 

To bring this about, a BmitatiM ef 
th nufiAer ef place-men^ in tbofe ajjem- 
hiies, would have been, I think, better 
than a total exclufion of them, i^xmi 
tnan)^ accounts. Firft^ It would have 
been a lefs violent meafure, and hav6 
met with Ms oppofition from the Kii^ 
or the Nobles. Then it would have 
been liable to no ohiedions, as fuppo- 
fing an inconfiHency between the fervice 
of thecitmm, and that of the pubUck; 
fince It would have left ttie grand officen 
their feats, and excluded mch alone ai 
have faedi eaiily prevented had they gave a reafonable jealoufy, from the 

a&d with vigour at lirft. 

There are many other faults in their 
cooduS, which, whoever reads this un- 
fertonate war, will obferve, with for- 
TOW mixt with indiniation : but there 
was an original &ult m their firft fetting 
out, which, had it been rightly avoi<f 
cj, would, I believe, have prevented 
all the reil, and faved them from the 
cruel neoeflity of appealing to the fwoid ; 
an appeal alwap calamitous, always un- 
certain,- ibmetimes &tal. 

As one of the beft ufes of hiftory is, 
to review a (eries of meafures, to con- 
fider how thev werie condudled to the 
cod propoied, and what alterations 
might have been made in them for the 
beoer obtaining thofe ends, I fhall 
make no apology for a few fpeculations 
upoa what I think the Commons of 
Ca/ile ought to have done at this time. 

It/eemstome, that when it aj^^ear- 
«d by the ifote they hadgi'ven, that the 
ttajority of the Cortez. at the Grtnn 
wc« underthe influence of the courts all 
the honeft part of the aflembly, who 
had oppoW that feftion, Ihould have 
Ulowwl the example of Ac procuia- 

meannefs of their cirtumftances, and 
could no way be necefi^ry for the infor^ 
mation of the Cortex. 

Nexty It would fully have anfwered 
the end propofed ; which V(ras, not to 
weaken the crown, but to fet fucH 
bounds to the influence which a court 
might have in a C0r//%, as would pre- 
vent a bad miliiHer fix)m. being fure of 
carrying, there, whatever he took to be 
neceflary for the fuppoft of his power, 
tho' deflru£Uve to the inrerefls of hit 
mailer and the (late. This they (houM 
have declared to be the condition of 
their returning to the Cortez ; as the 
only reafon of their feparation was,^ 
their inutility of Haying where reafon 
and the voice of the puolick could no 
longer prevail. This thev Ihould have 
made the ultin^tom of tncir demands 
upon the crown ; and, with aU duti- 
ful fubmiflion, have propofed it to the 

This ihould have been univerfally 
underftood as the aim of thofe who op- 
pofed the minifter ; not the turning out 
oncfetofplace-men, and letting the in- 
fluence of their places Jfemaini ndtthe 


Weekly ESSAYS 1;^ M A R G H .1739. 

4 22 

bringing in abler minlfters to go on 
in the fame method of government, 
and by a wife adminiflration reomci- 
.Ixng tnofe to the principle, who iaw 
the danjger of it unoer a weadc one, and 
oppofecithe evils it caufed. 

Under tl^a ftandard, I (ay, ihould 
all thefe have united, who meant the 
freedom, the honour, the prdervation 
of their country. 

If any, through ^fftZiirr/f, had left 
them. It wodd have hurt only them- 
. felves ; it could not- have weakned the 
party, it could not have prejudiced the 
cauic. An afibciation formed upon this 
jufl and moderate plan, that ^poiod 
to itfelf fo reafonable, fo conftiCiitional 
an end, could not have given of&nce 
to the moil decent men, fear to the 
mod fviV/, or icruples to the ctrnfiUw 
tietts. All the cities and towns would 
have approved of it; and the Nobility 
muft have come into it, or have owned 
themfelves a fiiAion, which, having 
given up the independency of one part 
of the legiflature, 9€ted in concert with 
the miniiter to deiiboy that of the of irr 

The Eling himielf could not have re- 
filled fo jufl a petition, which made no 
encroachment on the prerogative of 
hb crown, and only took from his mi- 
liifters thofe rptfen futports which they 
would be afhamed to lean upon, if they 
had virtue and ability, the JoUdptUars 
rf a good adminiftration. Could any 
man deny, for inftance, that officers of 
the army ought not to have (eats in the 
Cortex, after the anfwer made by the 
King to the two deputies of Toledf^ 
whom he ordered away to their regi- 
ments? If they had obeyed that ordb*, 
as their military duty required, what 
became of the duty they owed their 
country? If they refufed to obey, they 
loft their comitiiifions; and it might 
have happenM that thofe commiflions 
were the bread of them and their fa- 
milies. Was it (kfe for the liberties of 
Cajiile, that fuck a conteft as this, be- 
tween dafhing duties, (hould be always 
ftruggling in the minds of a coniiderable 
number of their repbefentatives? 

Was it fafc or nonouxable for the 

Aate, that every Qerk of an o£c 
(hould be brought into the Cortex, C 
fit there as equal in dignity, and, wit 
the fieedom of alegiflutor, to diiier i 
opinion from thofe whole command 
he had that morning received with th 
fubmiifion of a iervant? that theje an 
fuch as thefe (hould decide upon th 
greateft national interefb ; who, if the; 
voted according to their confdencefl 
muft have loft their (alanes ; and, i 
they loft their (alaries, had nothing elU 
to (ave them from ftarving ? No ; thi 
unreafonablenefs of all this would havi 
carried convidion: the dearii^ th< 
Cortex of fuch members would havebeei 
the demand of the whole nation ; shkj 
the minifter could not have refifted j^ 
when it appeared that nothing but tBu 
could brii» hack the Jetarated memhere^ 
or appeaie the publick difcontent« 
And what trace of fiidion could hava 
been found in this condud ? was it any 
th^x^ farther, than to vwn things nvert 
as they 'were, and to propofe uie onl/ 
remedy that could mend them again } 
For, till this was obtained, it was mod 
certain nothing elfe could; and this be^ 
\xi% once obtained^ all elfe woaM follow 
of courfc. 

This would have taken off their ex- 
cifes, reftored their finances, and reco- 
vered their trade. When the deadfy 
hadvr2& removed, the natural fpirit kad 
vigour of liberty would have worked 
fi>r itfelf, and thrown off all that has 
oftended it, till the conftitution had re- 
covered its original health. 

If it could have been fuppof6d,tbat at 
that time the King was to obfUnateas 
to have refn(ed this remedy, to the 
prayers of his people, it was but wait- 
ing patiently till the rapacioo(he(s of 
his ravourites having reduced him t9 
ftraits for want of money, he (hould be 
forced to call another Cortex, (as he did 
two or three years after his return from ' 
his Gfrmoir dominions ; ) at the eleflioa 
of which (had no civil war intervened) 
the appeal to the people might have 
taken e({e6l : they mient have chofe no 
procurators who would not engage them^ 
felves to vote, before they entred upon 

Digitized by VJV_/V.^' 

mehlyESSArS inMA'RCli 1739.' 

^ other Ixdineis, for a bill to be yaSt 
It ftiodd limit the namber of places 
ie beUtvitb a feat in the Cortez ; and 
Kr proper fecurities againft penfions 
i hntes. If the convalfions the ^ 
nunent was thrown into by more vio-^ 
mneafuies^ and the fatal viftory of 
cKing, had not made him vafUv 
RR powerful, and therefore jnuch 
He haighty than he would otherwife 
lebeen, it is fcarce conceivable that 
C«te fo chofen woold not have pre- 
Umon iiim tocome into this law; 
nalfy being ieconded by the No- 
\ who wotdid not then have been 
i^etated into fuch defperate policy, 
A) £de with the Crown againft the 
Bedom of the Commons, upon which 
eir own depended fo much. And 
bt woold have given them a greater 
ality to have carried their point was, 
edcith of the wicked oii minifter^ 
b bad bmm all this corruption, and 
b died while the King was in Ger- 
vr;, to the great joy of a nation, 
liKfa,Bot content with pillaging^he had 
tived to cnilave. ^t the too great 
iptience of men not nied to bear fuch 
ngnitKs, the Tzsp of popular paf&ons, 
id die ill hte ofCafiik, drove them 
HO a precipitate and ill-managed war ; 

twiuch the chains were riveted, upon 
n, whidi they flrovc to ftrike off. 
J^ when the King came back, he cal- 
da Cortee, indeecH but it was a CorteK 
IBpoied cf flace-mnt ahniy in which 
^ was not me frocwator (as their 
locator told the King in his fpeech) 
lb was not either in hUboufioLif or in 
bf tjke ef his grving, 
\ And to this ailenu>ly his Majefly 
fJwoght it a fufficient anfwer, when 
Jty repiefentcd to him the ereat wif- 
pnn ot that antient rule of the CorteKy 
to proceed lirft upon grievances, and 
^oi to vote fuppfics. That, pmUitjbe 
^hadyieided this foint^ it might much 
p^» hbj^nre and authority there, 
I After a little hefitation they com- 
<» voted a donative, and from that 
to this, tho' C^i^ hath ftill had 
^nex, both the Commons ancl N<^ 
l»rt l)een abfQl^te Haves, 


To the author of the Scots Magazine. 

THE kXkrmag being the work of A 
youth in his i6th year, is not, I 
tbmk,- unworthy a place in your Magaxine, 
were it only to provoke fomc of our Gen- 
tlemen of genius and leifure to attempt the 
tranflation of many other pieces of the (ame 
celebrated author; which, when arrayed 
with the elegant ornaments of our modem 
language, could not £iil to pleafe and enter- 
tain thofe who are not able to difcover the 
beauties of his ori^nal compoiitions, which 
have always hitherto fuffer'd very much bj 
trabilation. lam^ 

Tour humbk Jemmstty 



March 20. 

EPITAPH on a blind man's dog. 

From fiuCMANAN. 

HEre refis Lrcjscus, undifiurb^dy emd 
From all thofe toils and ^watchful caru of life 
His mafier^s age and want ofRght requir^d."^ 
When hcy neceffitated^ *walfd abroad 
Tofeek what nature crav% I led the *way: 
Nor needed he the guidance of a *wall; 
His ft a ff' was ufelefsy and his fiefs Jecnre i 
For alibis confidence was placed in me. 
Nor placed in *min, — When, fiated on a tmfg 
Pleading his blind and mijerabk ftate. 
He begged affifiance, and a kind relief. 
From thofe on whom great nature had b^ow'd 
An eaff fortune and a bedrt to gkve: 
Mean while, tho^ tending flumber chid my 

Mf ears n^er dumber'' d to my dutfs 'Voice ; 
Nor enjer difihefd my mafier's call. 
If to receive from his rewarding hand 
The reliques of his feafi, a crufi or bone ; , 
Dry (night approaching) with a chearfisl 

To guide him Jafely to his wifi^d-for home, 
l^hefe tvere my cares, this my t^ious Ufe, 
Till age and fuhteffa flow-creeping fei^Cd, 
And rMd me of n^ breath, eatd fo deprinfd 
Poor Irus ^ bis guardian and his guide. 
But, that injurious time might not deface 
The memory of his faithful fervant's name. 
He raised this hunSble monument to tell 

Digitized by VJ V,/«^/^ U R A I4 


Jufi in tV aaa^ artkur of ibeir imM, 
IVhtn maim maks thf wanton Airks 
And h<^ alrta^Jeh^ 4 the panting fr^ 
4 rural heaiUy croft' d in danver^i nva^ 

124 P,(^tical ESSAYS i» MARCH 

KoiCK Shepherdess. 

jiddnfidtoMififVyndbam. . 

TWO branchis^^rwig/hm^dbdxDiS^t 
With adfverjk titk cktiwid the dUuUmi 
Bftliol and Bruce: and both Jo n$ar alfy'^dj 
Thai fcarce fir either Juftice could decide. 
Friends fofvour^d iach, and Siaughter rea^f 

^0 float the mourning land wiib nattPue bkodi 
When to Firft Edward*/ * judgment both 

And plead in perjon their cvntefled right. 
Xbe Jubile umpire^ ndndlefi of his trufl^ 
Byajidly 'what *was gainful^ more than jt^^ 
iLfoh^dhy auaion to difpofe the croym, 
jbd/et the ^ighefl bidder on the throne. 

"BcviGtyfondof patriot-glory tfconCd to treaty 
And in his virtue only itmld be great : 
But Baliol, iL'ith the charms of empire fir^d^ 
Submitted to th* injurious terms refuir'd; 
^aidfemfik homage to the hand tkatga^ffe^ 
Andy free before^ became a royal fla<ve :. 
Tety flon repentingy flrove^ iy force, to breedk 
-no galling yoke from his di/dainfulnecki 
Bnty huklefs in repeated trials^ dfd 
Acaptin/e to the prince his rage defy^dt 
WhiieBnct, hisrival, trtun^'din'hispiace, 
And barred for ever his unhappy race. 

His heir fiammidhimy but a ban^d man 
ths France, obfcuroy tuithouta bote toreigni 

Eager his fav^rite-'w^s fofmrfue, ^ ^^7 rT^". rrJ^ '^ "^rt ':' r^ ^ 
Providedthat the gamewas 
Or, weary of the courfli 

Ghfy hisfuffrage held a madman's dream \ 
Ponjfr, a gitf voyage drvm a troubled flream ; 
Learnings the reverend bubble rf thefchoois i 
Virtue, thejey of phih/ophick fools ; 
Wealth, but aflave to nvait on paffioits uod; 
And Pkafure, ail to be infhr'd of GOD. 
At the full flretch, once furring tbro^ the 

The chace his toil, and his amnfement lovet 
His hounds bud opening mnth a jovial cry, 
fhe mountains ecchoing to the hunt/ 

^gtey tPenameWd earth, fercui 

r Of Bf^hnd. 

ffloth, mtdkvfd^tre\ 
§t€S topnrfue, ^ 
*vms flillinvievn I 
^, he, iffiant, choje f 

Svjifr as a Tyryza from a falling 
Or naked Nid^d, frighted to her flood ^ 
Not deeming the inoetuous train Jo nea^ 
The rofei ou her cheek were bland'* A n 

The garland from her hair the *wild <c^ 

. hlevj^ 
And, ruffled with berjpeed, her gatrm 

flew : 
But, tho' furpnxe had dampt the Uom 

And, like the UM ning'glimpfe, Jbe jSk 

the pqde^ 
Lichantipg graces fl^i0d from ev^ry fme 
Andy ota^asue,flihdu^dthegitzer's bo 
Tbui B.uiq1 was tran^'^d vuith fm 

Anddro^, as in a trance, th^ uuhfodeAr 
Pondering the vifion gerf, and home aJ^ 
Unknowing whither^ iy the rt^ing thrm 
But, rouz^datfaft, tunC dfixrt hn fba^ 

And chac d the fyittgfair voith all hisj^ 
Obliquely thwarting thejefutfl^'*dfff^ 
With inter^MOven foliage arched obovo^ 
A dewy path, the haunt of pleafure ! hi 
With green turfed^d, tU turf vaitbj^ 

rets fpread: 
Thro^ this the youth his eager coorfipeorfl 
Andjent his /earchingeye ormmd t£e ^4 



Attd/ooth'd his augui/h with the hofeofj 
Difchs'd a Jfacious opening in theJbmJe, 
Asd, panting with her toil, the gh 

Prone on a mojfy book fix hg roeUdd, 
Her hojom bare t^ invite thecooliug «^m 
Inomour*dflraitthe cookug viindarofk 
And fanned her hojbm with 

boughs I 
Bobbed the wild wooSiue, os it in 


And aU itslahay ^h earoundber jbo{ 
While uotmre's choir, to love omd A 

Thetr various has in rural concert jM 

The lark's JhriU p^ i fweet Piiitafl 

grace-, 1 

Tht liuaefs mean^ and ihuk4ird's M 

P^tical ESSATS in 

BDi^mtheJbade, £ftingui/h'd to the fight 
r a bttadfixet of far refleaed Iwht, 
il a fifkft fiream, like cryftalcool and 
hdJMfi in dfing murmurs reach"* d her ear ; 
Iben *wide-expanding, as it danatpward 

II itverted laudjkip in its mirror flmj^d, 
er this fie hung ; and, bending dirwn her 

it don the image in the liquid gtafs: 
rkte alarm forgotf and wd of fear, 
hmcence ^was heavrts peculiar care ! 
While thus amus^djhe hears the thicl^ning 

htfyfoetfiepsjhaki the trembling grtOtnd i 
]frm herfweet repofe waithfrefi fitr- 
^frbift again, as Fear from Mifchief; 

I^VBabol, 'with redoubled nxjarmthypur- 

^li bnje's whek art offoft perfisafion isms 
\ ^hate herded i difiwns all bofe defign, 
hdvews her heauty is a guard dimne, 
y aliis M; prafrs, <uofws, ferfitafion, 

%af as the adder, *whom no eharms can 

Ut Imjks along, as wafted hy the «wind ; 
[Str once replies, or deigns a glance behind, 
^foreftpafs*d, they reach a le^l green, 
Mr^dwiti tots, and tufis of trees bet<ween, 
fhrepanjesfijl the panting maid to breathe, 
Jtrj/sfias the tvreck^dfeaman fcap^dfrom 

death : 
mfftardian hmfe'dogs, in the middle nsjof, 
Mi their foft^ rite, and around her play \ 
Wmtdlj their fignal, glad her parents rife, 
^•wtktm home the £irling df their eyes, 
^Q^ 'with tran^rt, efd the homely 
hrfkahd bribes nvwldhert be fure to nvin : 
hi th'u prefnmption, frank his pajjion told, 
iJbUhacl^dhisfiit 'with ; 
Mjitrdy fkaded his illuftrious name, 
' lidpuide his birth a pander to his Jhame, 
\ The booty fair tuithfx^d attention heard 
%' achnwkdg'd fiame } and, fond of the 

le^i 'with compfying glances on the maid, 
^romft H Jkhmit, inclining to perfuade ! 
]M^hen jftf, oFuerfe, 'with anger and difdain, 
% €ms tf injured beauty ! thus began ; 

MARCH 1739. 125 

Back togay courts, miftaken Prince, remonje! 
There Jpread your golden fnares fir 'venal 

hoe ! 
There pride ivill hearken, anktrice betreef, 
AndtAfcalth reftore <what/candal takes anuayt 
But here Uis ufelefs, — lire the tenfting bani 
Can nothing add, anJtherefore tempts in fvain^ 
Health breizthes its bleffings 6n the green 

hiWs brow, 
Siueetjmling Pleaf ore glads the 'Oale below t 
And Love^ the effence of all joys in one ! 
Heri lays his 'ivingi afide, and throws hit 

arronjus dnvn * 
Love bom of innocence! 'whofi genial fri 
Heai^n kindled firft frinn angeh pure dejiref 
He, chafe as blu/hingmom, mywilUngbreafi 
Shall freely cherijh as a tvelcome pteft ! 
But Ij}&, <who fnimicks that cceUfialflame^ 
Offspring ofcafual heati and fire rffltame t 
Slay alThis is)iles, and alibis charms empilay^ 
But ne*er decei<ve me into guilty joy, . 
This faid, in frowns fife turned. But 

Balioly ftung 
With keen defire, andfenfe of offered wrongs 
Strm/e tofiibdue herfcom tvith praxis* d art. 
Looks, language, tears, — all that bily tbi 

heart ! 
Now, as of antrous JoVc old fables feign. 
By Love transformed, he roams a court j^ 

fwaifi ! 
On rural gallantries entpkys his cote 1 
Culls the firft rofesfor hisfair-one^s hair % 
Explores the flowery meadt th* imbow'ring 

Cool grot, extended f lain, etndnpinMng flood; 
The rude rocks penient, 'vale of 'vehet-rreen^ 
Andenfrj beauteous haunt of eni^ry Jcenei 
In each, by tums,ljavc tells his wanton tale, "| 
From the mom^s freflmefs, tofweet #«z;V f 

ing^s gale ; C 

By turns, in each his fond aUurements fail: J 
Stem Honouf, ftill the 'virgin's faithful 

To flatfry^s force oppos'da guard of pride, 
iotntur*d her heart, compos d her lips and eyes. 
And ftifled eo'ry w^h that ftrove to rife. 
Weary, at haft, tofuefo long in *uain. 
And yet too mUch inchanted to refrain. 
He deign'd the fanBion of the nuptial tye. 
To reconcile her 'virtue to his Joy, ^ 
let long the prudent f^iden/n ibis declined, 
Confcious th' extremes of lift could ill hi 
jotn*d: ^ 

iWr.ecl by GoOglC -*^* ' 

126 Poetical ESSAYS /« M A R C H 1739.' 

Feanitted-^Uha ih^b^rr^^ih^^ ^^^ ^^ hafi ««#, taint «- 

chafier air ! 
Kntyw, t Edward! aaive Edward wr^d 

beavn : Invites thee to rennw tl^ father j ciaemt^ 

fir' J with the grant, if/Oatient of dilay^ 
Bxtaristhe mmrowfir the hridal-day i 
It fancy antedates the hUfiful fcene. 



And curfes ail the tanfy hours between. 
. The morrow comes i and, with itj brings 

Sport, gladnefs, frolick, mehkfy, andfong ; 
AUrurahyfuch as mah the village gay. 
When bbming FloraV cnro/a V the Siueen of 

The jolly bridegroom, with the lark awake, 
^ran^ted fees the ham morning break i 
And, crown' d with fow'rs yetfre/b in all 

their pride, 
Condnasthe rufiickpomp to meet th' expeBing 

She, as Aurora'j blufi the Orient dyes. 
When Phofohor waits t9 lead her up the 

Chwing with amiable Jhame appears. 
While, trembling on the rofe, yet hang the 

Balioly onfre at her uneaualPd chatins, 
Preffes in hafte to clajh ler in his arms, — 
Wben^ breaking fudden thro' th' attentive 

Arrives brave Beaumont *, and exclaims 

ahud : 
OABaliol \—Then, abrupt, breaks offagain^ 
What pafjion prompts unable to explain. — 
Baliol, alarrid at his pathetick tone, ^ 
Stops fiort, — andcafts his confcious eye- I 

Uds down, — f 

Both mttte -a while ^;^ Then Beaumont I 

thus goes on: -^ 

Js this the life thy fathers us'd to lead? 
Are thefe the wreaths Jhould grace a Prince's 

Are fitch thefcenes a heroflxmldemphy ? 
fhefhepher^s triumph I andtheploughmaiCs 

Will thefe allies thy rUrvifiPd crown refiore ? 
Or dtfi thou think of crowns, andBrxiCC, no 

And win the honours of thy royal t 

But, fbould this tale of fcandal reach A 

Dare not to wijh! but wed, with ber, 4 

A crown, orfbeep-hook^then^thitmomfte^ 

ms moment all thy fate has left to ioje f 
DeJpUe the future ! or the pafs'd excufe i\ 
Eefaid: Mute wonder feix'd the gasck 

throng ; 
ufa/BalioPj heart ' twixi hve and err^ 

* Anobk Sc^tofihc bEdw ot B^Uo/. 

With equal weight, that neither could pe^ 

When thus the maid, magnanhmt/fy hra^ 
With eye ferene, her gal&nt fisfrage gave 
Be bold, my Lord! and, fearlefe of ii 

Tear the barb'd arrow from jour tmiat^ 

It ajks but courage, and a momenl's fain. 
And timejoon chfes up the wound again t 
Summon,then,pride,fame, int' reft to your aid 
And let the voice of Fortune be ehefd! 
— Icancelalinr/claims,yottrvowsreftm,' 
Nor ever will obftrua your grandeur mere ; 
Fondofyour hwour now, as of my own 

— fhen ki/s'd his hand; nor waitim; a n^ 
Like happinefs, flew infant from his ^, 
Baliol her parting fteps with ea^y^ 

(By all the virtues, graces, loves purfit% 
Ftx'd in afti^idgaxe,— 'till fie wasgmt 
Unable to accept an offer' d throne. 
But then, his vjtfijes varying vuith thefitnt 
Defire ebb' d out, and thirft^ rule flow' din. 
Pomp, in gety vifions, danc'd hefore his^bt, 
Andfeem'd the paradije of aUdeUght / 
Sme tepri be jbedi hut 'tweu, a fumf^ 

fh(n»'ry f 

Heat-drops of lame! mfionir felt thtat o'er} 

Poetical ESSATS inmKKQli 1739. 127 

Exftninc^d'^casaaxml heautfs flight impiw^dy To the aMthoro^tJi>e Scots Magsuuoe. 

And fiuUcb^i him from its charms abfurdly bv'd: 
Tben^ covered nuitb dim evens frg's/Hendfy/hadf, 
Omuardio £dwafd*i court 'witl^d convey d; 
9lemKii their guide f fo foUty enjoins} 
Rr nigbt^s dssrk vail heft hides her dark dej^. 

Bartofapoeniy called, J Panegyrick on a Court. 

HJve you forgotten Oudenarda^s fight, 
When cbudsoffinoak(dsfcur*dthefeeblefigbti 
When the bud thunder (fthe cannon roared. 
Aid on their hoftik fquadrons vengeance four^ df 
Bow hroFvt Abnanwr like a Hon fought, 
M glory, thro' the paths of danger, /ought ! 
^nU, r/^Shing forvoard voith impetuous force ^ 
, (VnbiGiy chance) a bullet kilPd bis borfef 
\ What fury Jparkkd in the berths eyes, 
^ lager as yajhn for the golden prisce! 
[ Without the heJj^ of magic charms he flood 
, h V3ar*s dread front, too lofvifh tf his blood i 
Till vseasj /laughter left the purfk plain. 
And he remain' d alone to count the /lain. 

But noble Timon's table far excells 
h ekgance of tafte and fragrant ftneUs. 
There no uufa^ionabb di/b is feen, 
Segiw the 'useii'bred gueft the courtly fiken 1 
^ vnJgair beef is ftiffer'd to advance, 
Bywhich our great forefathers conquer d Trance ; 
Baeh bt/cieus cour/e in ma/fuerade is fet, 
To give your appetite the greater vohet \ 
RagoQts and pafties, bicl^aws akmode^ 
Which ferve at once for poi/bn and for food, 
ISs Lor^hip'^s caterers vtith art prepare 
The folates of the winged race of air. 
The finny prey, that fiwim the cryflal flood, 
Cm^imnfime part that'^s exptifitefy good; 
Which dravm voith /kill from each pecuUar fi/b. 

SIR, Kelfis,Mar,j. 

BY letting the following fong 
have a place in your next 
Mageaune, yoa will oblige 

Your humble /ervant 

T. E. 
Tune, Saw yoa no my Maggy f 

O^l"^ ^<W charms me! 
Ev'fy Ixkflill vuarms me, 
Ev^ry thought' alarms me, 
left I hfe the fair. 
Sure a finer creature 
Ne'er was forwid by nature^ 
So conAleat each feature. 
So divine an air. 

When I hope to gain her. 
Fate feems to detain her: 
Could I hut obtain her! 

tier akme Pve cbofe i 
And, flnce love inj^ires me, 
jfs her beauty fires me, 
And her ab/ence tires me, 

Ter breafl PU vent my VMes. 

Edinb. Mar. 7. 
\yRomFarian mines, or mines ^ 
r . Oreece, ^ 

Ho coftly Monument epprefs. 
Grant me, ye Gods, my *weary bones . 
With heavy heaps if pol^'d flenesi 
But let me for mf covering have 
A little turf upon my grave. 
Then, with the dear remembrance 

l^rvfs their race to fumifl^ out a ds/b. O^vjhat fo much alive Ibv^d, 

— — — — — — _-^— . Fromthe fame ground rilrife,and be 

h ^kndid fervitude let others fl^ne : The ^en of Beautfs favorite tree. 

fair Liberty and eabn Content be mine! 
Te live behw the grandeur of the great, 
M yet above cotaenfi, in bumble ftate; 
T9 kant in yenthjo value men of vjorth. 
For merit, not the greatnejs of their birth i 
•^ tjtvt a blind appkm/e to fools of hipod. 
Who irofw their pedigree from Noah^s flood i 
Toreadvibat booh, conver/e voith vuJbom Ipleafe, 
Wf lead a Ufi rf indolence, but eafe; 
fio% to /peak my fentiment, nqr fear 
lef rigid truth ^end a courtier's eitr ; 
Tq ]ongh at coxcombs, turn to ridicule 
Tbebirth^beau, ^ /elf-^aamm'd fwl. 

A Myrtle; vjhofe vuide boughs /ball 

Around adark, hut grateful fhadi. 
With pious offerings to iw tombi 
And to the pipi of ruft id found 
In circling dances tread the ground. 
Beneath wy boughs the fvuain /hall fit 
Secure at noon from fummer* s heat i 
And, vjhile his lambkins a-op the~ 

Sing to his reed tfev^ry grace 
AdornshisheautcousMtjire/sfaa. _ 

Digitized by V_A_/TL7 v iv. * "^. 


Poetical ESSATS w M A R C H 1739. 

Tune^ A cobkr theie was. 

MT Ltrdy fir ymr patient attentiom I Jue 
Ani^ Tkm ^ the jury^ I crame it of^yatf, 
— ^hat Idufy <wboJtands njjithjb blamekfs an £ur 
h — a thief ^ and the truth lam come to dechu^ 
Deny donvn, &c. 
Street-rohhers iy Lew are condemned to a rope ; 
Where that crime is fiund there is jmall room 

fir hope: 
And the reafm is plain nvly the law is fi*tferei 
What is ifjorfe than to rob tis» they put us in fear. 

I.- . . r I r Deny dawn, &C. 

Nfinttent tunes, asfings rebearfe, jjj -^ 

One cbanmng npnph empkfd ^^^ being premis% on n^ oath I declare. 

T'other night in the fir est, by the efcs ofthat/asr^ 
Iivas order"* d toftop, <when fcarce able toftand. 
And feared out of my <wits at the look of command. 
Deny drwn, &c. 
Confounded I food at the fudden furpritu, 
When ftrait a /harp lancet came, flap, from 

ber eyes. 
— She, feeing refiflance njoas out of my ponder, 
Smk n^ heart, and retains it at this *uery honr^ 
Deny down,- te. 
(f crimes of this htnd/bonld be let to gain ground^ 
To the ftate it of fatal effea will be found i 
Sboul4 our youth of their hearts thus be robbed in 

the night, 
WhoflfnU we a/fqint the bold Spaniards toJ^htT 
Deny down, 8cL 
Would yeter Lord/hip but let me her fentence pro^ 
^ ^ For the fake of example this Ladf rdtrouncei . 

J[ I am fare you will own« S he JhouM be condemn' d,with that bbifi on her faa, 
an original, being prpfented me To ■ meet me this evening at the fame place, 
by a Qsntleman whom I think ^ Deny down, &c. 

fool, and who thinks himfelf I 

^n-t know what, I defur vou The following Encomium is iaid to have ben' 
will prefent it to the publick; tnat, fpoken extempore in a very Augufi AJembfy, 
bythercccpponallhisworksmi^, t^j^ HE grateful ages paft a God declar% 

writing; and no more, by way of 


Perhaps Jome happy hver there 
May meet the kind relenting fair. 
And mix with kiffes tales ofhvei 
jLJ/fes the dead would abmft move. 
With frefixr green PUdeck mf head. 
With greater joy diffufe my fl?ade\ 
^fho^ bitter are my perries mrw, 
tweeter than honey Jhall they grow ; 
the Ciprefs Jhall not envfdbe\ * 
jftr tbf fhafte Laurel, Daphnistrn. 

Edinb. Mar. 16. 
Jdary Scots the flower of Yarrow, 
adapted to the prefent age. 
^Nfsntient times, as Jongs rehearfe. 
One charming nymph empk/d 
each ijerfe ; 
She reigned ahne ^without a marronv, 
Mary Scot, the Jlower of Tarrow, 
Our fathers, *withjuch beauty fa^d. 
This matchlejs fair in crouds ad- 
Tho^ matchlejs then, yet here's her 

Jiere^s A NOT H E % flower of Tarrow. 

Jier bequty, unafbrn^d by art. 
With virtue joined, attrads each 

heart ; 
fier negligence itfe^cem nvarm us; 
She Jcarcefy knows her ppfwer to 

charm us. 
tin' ever ceaje, Italian noife ; 
Let ev^rj firing and e^ry voice 
Sing, Mary Scot vfithout a marrow, 
Mary Scot, the Jhwer of Tarrow, 

fnp^HE fbUpwing fong, which 

pomphment, compare his Miflrefi 
fo a felon at the bar of juflice. 
jfam, your humble Jervant, 
(if you infert it) 


Hence. Greece her Mars and Pallas deiffdi 
Made him the heroV, her the patriot*^ guide, 
— On both accounts A rg r L E niayjujlfy claim, 
A god' like honour, send istonortal name: 
For he alike in field and (cositt ftnnesi 

Great /« his deeds. W wife in hisdtGgm, 

^J^ize^b .5^K^^i PARITY 

Poetical ESSATS in MARCH 1739. 129 

HARRY and HETTY. Ue Fallen Angbl. 

HOWbaffy is Confidence ! nMndof allfifome^ 
Sbtjfmmsattbat trifling thingy agoodname, 
JhJu^s reputation, bids manners be gone. 
Com Hetty e*er dance vaithfucb tight fetters on f 
But adieu to thefe fairies ! mere virtue and vice> 
Such foetical folks ive muft drof in a trice ^ 
Our cbarmer to paint: Hark! bark I the fofi 

^triiis might lure PbOo about to gallant her. 
W *tis on her mind lue muft build her a name^ 
Swce, *witb Pharaoh^ to hardnefs of heart fie 

lays claim: 
Yd chiefy htr dbaitity Jure fie may bfag on, 
hr who J hu a Fauftus, dare 0»unt on a dragon f 
fmife her fond Sfrumiy, tbo^ threadbare bis coat^ 
Ku riches (coUe&ed) may rife to a ^-^ groat: 
tut what^s *weakb to him, to 'whom righfs a mere 
A vapour difperid hy a nip of Welch ale f [tale, 

Harry f confider how galling a thing 
h the want of a beggar, with the pride tfa King! 
*Tis madnefs tQftrut on iheftrengtb of your pocket, 
*Tis thread ning to fire the worU with a rocket. 
fw tbefartbdngs bis children amonrfiyok lay oat, 
Riji, JrighhJ,, anihgj«fr bJri^»ai 
Prevent imprecations, which heavy may fall. 
By a —/wing with his tail, and a d — n to you all. 

Omelet us re^trn to the kadofourfong, 
A burden Jo Emge ive can fear ce drag alono! 
help, MkejP bellman ! wou^dyour mufe tut con- 
Ihiihe fa^J by afong, who njjouldfwing on a 

Beb Budge ll worked honey from what I 

ihaVt nahie: 
We fiould think ourfehes happy could we do the 

fame I 
'Mi^ inlenefs be boneft, ^nddfl madnefs he mild: 
But who can touch pitch, and not be defitdf 
^htft reflexions on Hetty are quite thrown anuay\ 
T* a fiw the fame thing is a pfabn or a play: 
Cfs a brute guefs the meaning of virtue or fin, 
Who wallows iOid gnentles about in her gin ? 

Verfes written in a Ladt-s P kater-book, 

T) /^ with fo pssre a mind, fofair a frame, 
U J faints humility, a feraph^s flame*, 
Pnf wi^h no want, polluted with no ftain', 
Whj heeh the fair, whai pardon would fie gain? 
^fi the hvefy zeabt ftoop to pray 
ff fboiifands^ wlfm bir e^s hffve kdaftnq. 

SOme mirthful lads, the other day, 
A fancy took to aS a play. — 
Each chofe the part that pleased bita 

foung Phaeton too, amongfl the reft, 
Chofe one : — he longed to reprefent 
A mejfenger from heaven fent, 

Ashe came failing thhl the air. 
His- heavenly errand to declare, 
(JVbether onfurpofe, or by chance, 
L no materiai circumfiance) 
O fad difafter ! the machine 
The hero *was fupported in. 
Graded on afuddenfrom above, ' 
And did irregularly move, 
^r aid of what might he th^ event 
Offuch unlucfy accident. 
The angel cries, " G-dd-nyou all! 
" Take care, or elfe, by G-d! IfaUr 
Jufl as he faid, it came to pap \ 
And down be fell upon his a — 
Which bafuingfcrafch'd, by Gd he 

Wd never b$ ax angel more. 


TT-Afy hours, all hours excelling, 
JlI Vrhen,/hm jealous parents 
All attend at Chhe^s dwellings {free, 

S*weet, engaging company ! 
There, no peevifi age nmlefting. 

We purfie our youthful joys, 
Mnfick, dancing, harmUjs jefting. 

Such delight as rarely cbys. 

y for dance we are preparing. 

Then 'tis, " Partner, whyfefadf 
" Let's he brifi^ andcaft off caring ; 

^ Tune away /i^ Highland lad.*' 
How methinks 1 fee't performing :' 

How the limbs from pavement 
bound ! 
Vital Airits fweetljf warming, 

Eccio yielding back the found. 

All conjenting, fiorts we vary i 

Dear variety is heft : 
Some tell fortunes"^ who's to manyi 

Still returning jeflforjeft : 
Then, with ak as brown as herty. 

Or a glafs of gen'rous wine, 
Toafling, finging, making merry — 

Gqds! wke^blifs! abnoftdivine! 

Digitized by VJ^/^.^I'. ^j^^ 

130 Poetical ESS ATS in MARCH 1739. 

Shades of night at length retreating^ Bow bumhfy donxn before the lard^ jmr Khgg^ 
' " ' * -f ».»» Cekfiial anthenu to J ebvuah fing^ 

kevere and luorfhipf tremble and adora^ 

Sol afpearing o^er the hills^ 
We (each other kindfy greeting) 

Pmrt^ tho^ Jore againft our wills. 
Bntj eujnch is mortals foUf, 

not hngjoUtude gives pain^ 
tFe (to ban^ melancholfy) 
' Fix a time, and meet again, 

A Decifion for the Ladibs. 

A Wit, by learning tvellrefiny, 
A bean^ but of the rural kind. 
To Syhia made pretences : 
nty both frofejs'd an equal bve. 
Yet hofd by different means to move. 
Her judgment, or her fenfes. 

Teang fprightly Flirt, of blooming 

Watch" d the heft minutes h be feen ; 

Went 'when bisglafsadvi^dhim: 
While meagrePhu of hooks enmar'd, 
AiJi'ightfor tjuit and parts admired. 

And witty Ladies priz!d him. 

Sylvia had nvit, had Airits too} 
fo hear- the one, the other nnevn, 

Su^^nded held the fcales: 
Her wit, — her youth too clainfd its 

Let none the preference declare. 

But turn up — heads or tails. 

To the memoiy of an Agrbi- 
ABLB Lady> buried in marri- 
age to a perfon undeierving her. 

^^""V^Was ahsum held, and ever 

1 will. 

By fage mankind, dikreeter 
T anticipate a leffer ill, 

Them undergo a greater. 

FoorGKATi A, inhertnventiethyear, 

Forefeeing future «woe, 
Cho^ to attend a Mo n k B y here, 

iefore an Ayk bebrw. 

PSALM XXIX. paraphrased. 

BRjng to the Lord, ye mighty ru" 
lers, bring 
Toung rams, the firfiUngs of the 
fliecfjUorex . , ., 

The boi/Prous ocean^s troubled waves ohet 
Silent Jehevah^s all-commanding nods' 
The whitened billows of the foaming fea^ 
Dapfd on the rocks, nvith iiitjis obfcure tha oLo^ 
But banning back, cohfefs the a^ful God^ 

He hurls the rattling thunder tbrd the Jkdas, 

Darts livid lightnings in the cbudf air- ^ 
He^aks the word, and blacl^ ning Jlorms 4orij 
But at his voice th^in^nding tempeft iUes^^ 
And all the beauteous horisaen is cbar. 

FafI, inexhait/led theme of angels fang. 

And mens amaxt! the voice of God moft higi 
Which rives thefiately pine, the vsaving tSmn 
Of Leban^s cedars, and the iutrails ftrong 
Of knotted oaks, loud thundering fiom tba J% 

Seef- at his voice earth feels a general 'wooendi 

Whole fore/Is whirling ride the dufky air. 
And by the roots up torn, with ruftUng fotiteJ^ \ 
.Conftis*dfy dancing in mfflerims rouuO, 
Their Maker^s glorious majefy declare. 

His voice the hinds perceive, and drop their jota^ 

Untimefy births ', his voice the flames camfevS\ 

Where, high above the water-floods, among * 

'The heavens he fits, by cherubs to be fuag 

Abnighty lord and King, and that for eve^ 

Thus great, thus terrible is God: but when 

To mercy he inclines, voith vjhite-roh'd feact 
And innocence he glads the fans of men ; 
ProteSs from ferpenis tooth, and lion^s den, 
jind gives tieir flocks and herds the, 'uji/b*4 

On the report, th^ the Spaniards am to hav^ 
the liberty to Cearch the Britifb Ships, within 
two les^oes of their coafts in America* 

HOW would our neighbours fitter at tib 
frame feonef 
What; Spaniards leaich the mafiert of the mainl 
iP)^ that day comes, nonmtletlkvt^boefi 
Hot ancient courage and hor naval heft : " j 

Let her Two hundred f^ps in harbour rot. 
And ail her fea atc'biauements be forgot % 
Pretend henceforth to fov^reiguty m more. 
But feek (rote^ion from fame foreign pauPf* 
Thus fixmid the nation aS, who, th^ fhe migb'^ 
With eafe compel the foe, yet fears to f^bt, I 
And, flead of ""venging wrofigs, gives of htr j 

Digitized by VjjOOQIC 

A Letter relating to the Sr Act^ Gfr. 13^ 

fi/Ar muUrrftht Scots Macazikb. intereiled in the fale of his writii^ to 

S1K9 Lmdm^ March 27, 

A T a time when the fer^e of the 
£\ fuhlick is fo loudly talked of on 
all hands, I am ftrangly inclined to 
Biake an attempt of tl^t kind myfelf, 
hf recommending to your countrymen 
the imitation of a foundati<m lately be- 
fmhere, for the relief and fupport of the 
Widows ^MusiciAKs J for the be- 
ttfit of whom an ode was t'other day 
ferfermed in the Hay-market. What 
lakes this charity more chearfiiQy fab- 
Irlbed to by the lovers of our own 
country, is a hope that the Italian 
fnrblers^ who have on other accomits 
heen fbuxl io en)enfive, will not foon 
lecome chamable to this defign. — 
Whether in mch a fettlement it would 
be nccd&cry to inclade the moft indu- 
inoos branch of the niekdious frater- 
nity, the Bag-pipe profeflbrs, ought to 

palm him upon the town as a Horacs 
and a Shakespear, before his writings 
had made good his right to the tepata- 
fion of Francis Quarks. 

About three vears ago afjpeafed his 
firft piece, a iinaU poem csMtaUnkferfaJ 
Beaatyj remarkable for no particular 
excellence whatever, and diihnguiflied 
from thefhort-livMprodu^ons of eveiy 
writer by none befide the puffi of Tajo^s 
Jerufakmy the firft bo6k of which was 
publilhed by this writer kft year, and 
in fevend news-papers faid to be tian- 
flated hj Mr, Henry Brooki^Jludent in the 
TenAky and author of thai exceUtni foem 
called Uni'verfalBeauh, He afterwards 
published more of ^ajfoy which palTed 
m the utmofl filence upon the town ; 
and Mr. Brooke remained in the indiffe- 
rent light of a perfon who had attempt- 
ed to pleafe, with fuch a refolntion of 
meeting facets, as had induced him ta 

be determined by the general voice ; fubmit to foch fteps to obtain it as were 
which, by what I can judse from the in &a the moft efie^ual to prevent 
acooonts I have heard of that n»vtng it, After feveral little homebred 

inftrument, would be in its favour i 
whereby theie poor widows would be- 
come the care of the publick, whofe 
halbands are more the lervants of the 
publick, than, perhaps, any other men 
whatever, by enduring fo many wcaiy 
walks and dripping trudges themfelves, 
ID order to aid die pleafure of others. 
And that fuch a contribution Would be 
general, can fcarcely be doubted, while 
their a^fbnce is fo conflantly wanted 
in companies difpofed to that innocent 
mrth and hlamelefi jollity for which the 
Beats nation has been bng remarkable. 
The town is at prefent amufed by the 
author of a tragedy called Gvstavus 
Vas A the diU'wrer of his country^ with 
advertifements and other remonftrances 
agahift the ufage he would be thought 
to have itceivea from the L— d Ch— n, 
tnd the Gentlemen appointed by him 
to penufe pieces offered to the theatres. 
To give a proper reprefentation of 
Uscaufo of complahit, Vc, it will be 
neoeffitfy to ofier a very fhort account 
of this Gentleman in his charader of a 
writer, and of the, extraordinary mca- 
&» tak» by hinfidf, and the perfon 

praifes in the papers, in the Gentleman's 
magaTtsne for January lafl was mferted 
fome verfes in his praife, with notes ; 
one of which aiTurM us, that his modejty 
niiosfopro^gious that he 'was thirty years 
of age before his friends could frevail ap^ 
on him to appear in puhUck ; and another 
informs us that be has feveral pieces by 
him that come eu near as anjf to Msben 
in manner and fiile: an information 
for which the publick immediatdy 
ownM the kindnefs of this enAryobaret. 
And as a tragedy written by him wai 
praifed in the afxyvc reconmiendation, 
the criticks began to think their own 
proper fphere of arorobation or diflike^ 
invaded ; and it being agreed that a 
play of merit could ftand in no need of 
preparatory encomiums^ it was determined 
m two large aflemblies of firft-night 
Judges, thai though Mr, Brooke's tragedy 
of Guftavus Fafajhouldbe found fo berve 
a common fhare ojf merits that could not 
hefi^ient to atene for the mean imperti- 
nence of funning the town ivith pujfs 
of mplerf whofe defert they nuere not ca^ 
pabk ffdetesmning ; and it was ^reed 

Digitized by VJ v_/ v_/ V isJUm* 

132 A Letter relating to 

nm. con. That the author*s beiDg 
rfiirty years old before he publifheo^ 
coula be no great argument ujt the ne- 
ceSity of receiving him well at all e- 
vents, while every body knew Sha^- 
J^ar was thirty three before heput pen 
to paper for the publick. 'lis pro- 
bable Mr. Brooke was not ifi;norant of 
this refolation; which might be one 
reafbn for his endeavouring to draw a 
^vourable audience, by iimnuating in 
the news-]^pers, that he met with great 
difficulty m getting his fo-much prais'd 
tragedy Hcenfed, intimating thereby 
the prodigious party-force of his pky. 
This was evidently the 'defi^ of his 
making the mere fhadow of a delay 
(feven days) a pretence for alarming 
the world with his ill-ufage. However, 
his Grace the L— d Ch — ^n, perceiving, 
no doubt, the defigu of forcing this play 
upon the town in a jparty-bght, \tTy 
judicioufly fent an oroer to prevent be- 
ing afled indeed, what was not before 
intended to be retrained: and Mr. 
Brooke has this week aifured us, that 
he now lays afide all thoughts of ha- 
ving his moft excellent tragedy per- 
forpied at all ; but that, however, he 
will oblige the world with the advan- 
tage of reading it by way of fubfcri- 
ption, at fo fmall a price as five fhil- 
lii^, with the additional braefit of ha- 
ving their names prefixed as encouragers 
of U> great and fo expenfive a work. 
Here, Sir, at prefent, ends the hiftory 
of the trafi«dy of Gvfiarwis Vafa \ a 
piece ruined in its fuccefs by nothing 
but the author's impatient thirft of 
prai(e, in not waiting till it was found 
his due. We (hall probably be yet far- 
ther amufed with jpraifes of this play : 
for as the bookfeUer happens to be a 
fort of poet, it is no wonder to find 
kim leaving the beaten path of adver- 
tifements, and turn his into verfe, fuice 
I am told it may be done at the fame 
expence ; which may ferve as a key to 
many of our lame-legg'd poems. To 
the excellent author of, &c. and, Fer/ej 
occafioned hy reading, &c. all which de- 
mde, inftead of doii^ honour to the 
Gentlemen they are cakulated to forve. 
AngeUca ondMedora, a Brif^^psAo- 

/i^ Stage, &?r. 

ral opeia, has been honoor'd widi fa 
Majefly's Royal prefence, and h^ts faji 
police audiences twice fince. It boic^ 
mufical performance, the pit has beei 
raifed to half a guinea, ana the gaUer 
to five fh^lin^, as las hitherto bee 
the pradice m fuch cafes: Thougl 
fince the flight of the Italians, peopi 
feem more generally inclined to hAV\ 
fome reafon or other eiven, why tli 
prices muft be more than doob^ A 
the performance of a few mificUuu 
and tnjijo or three voices, for two hoiu 
at mod, than for the a£tion of a play 
Wr. fw four hours at leaft ? — It i 
omd by fome. That the qualificatioB 
diz^fne nmficxan axe veiy rare; andai 
his (kill tends to move tne more deli 
cate paflions of the mind, he metjl 
more reward than a man whofe atmol 
art reaches no farther than the com* 
mon influence of mirth and fbrtow^ 
To which it has been replied, witii 
fome warmth. That the greatefl force 
of harmonv tends only to a meltiitt 
foftnefs, ufelefs in every refjpe^ and 3l 
the moft tranfitory duration ; which ia 
fo far from ftrengthening and impro- 
vine the human mind, that its dired 
tendency is, to enervate all the ufefid 
faculties, and lofe the ineftimable power 
of reflexion in an infenfible admiiatiiHi 
of the force of mtre fiund: That it 
frequently happens, that a proficient 
in this foft faence has not any thing 
more to recommend him to the fevoor 
of mankind, than a cajual excellence at 
fome part or other of a fcienoe, which 
oi^ht to be admired, indeed, -but with 
the utmoft caution ; left, by f leafing tk 
ear too much, it fhould, in efleft, retr 
*vifl> the underftanding : Whereas a Cp- 
midian cannot daim more praife than 
Nature affigns him and Nature approves! 
and as fhe is his flandard for zdam, 
and ^virtue the aim of his toils, he cot 
merit no praife from an audience tt> 
which he is not, in the ihideft feofe 
of the word, u/eful, either by expofiog 
the folly of others, or by repreieDdfl| 
their own foibles in fuch lights as di^ 
cannot ^1 to diflike. BeSdes whid(^, 
and ttumeroMs other aigoments in thefr! 

Uigilized by VJ KJK.JW^ LV. fvfCfStg \ 

Ccnteft between Lord Strutt and ^Sqtdre BuJl. 


I fivour, it is ikidy That a good Player 
Biuft be a man of our/ tsAfenfty ofbu- 
imtr and foUttnefs^ to be capable of 
eettii^ into the various charaften he 
IS to leprefenty in order to peifonu 
tilem with iuccds ; that he rnnft be an 
dj^att mafter of every pa£Bon of the 
ttiitd, and a tolerable jadgeof men and 
thii^: Whence, (ay the advocates fer 
die UDmedians, miift appear the evi- 
dot abfordity of rating the perfbr- 
ttooes of a man thos qualified, under 
tinfe of a man who merely happens to 
kie a eood natural voice, to be ex- 
pot in the exercife of a fiddle-flick, 
«r to have wind enough to found a horn. 
—^Should this companion generally 
pKvail, of which there is at prefent 

^ ptat probability, we may hope m time 
tohear a Tune of Mr. Handel at as 
few'a price as a Play of Shake^w 
mSteeU, I am, &c. 


Common Sense, Marcb 31. 

Cmteft baween Lord Stnitt and ^Squire 

rl obedience to your defire, I have 
ient you a full account of the dif- 
C between Lord Stnitt, and *Squire 
which are now the only fubjcet of 
^converiktion in our country. 

Yqq muft know, thefe two gentle- 
men, whofe eftates are neighbouring, 
tix>' indifferent counties, are both pro- 
prietxmB of fome lands which lie at a di- 
iance from the reft of their eftates 1 
the pai&ge to which lies crois a latge 
tooQiDon, which, time out of mind, has 
been free to both. My Lord, who is 
a pnnd conning nan, and was ever a 
nioml enemy to the fiimily of the 
BuUs, fame time fince took it into his 
head to Older his fervants, that when- 
ever they feonl any cams^es belong- 
ing to Mr. Buits tenants crofiing the 
^UBBiaon, they fliould ieiz^ them and 
^BUS them home to hishoufc, under 
I ^pRteDceqftfaeirhaving been to fetch 
I corn* or cut timber out of his Lord* 
[ %'5 grounds, Thefe orders were 

pon^ally obeved ; and whenever any 
of ^Squire Bultz tenants drove, their 
waggons on that fide the conmion next 
the indofures bdongme to my Lord, 
(which the badneis of & ways often 
obl%'d them to do) his Lordfnip's fer- 
vants were fure, though a^ainft all kw 
andjuftice, to attack them, even with 
fire-arms, and not only plunder die 
loadii^ but abufe the men in the moft 
bsubaroos manner, and carry away the 
waggons and teams under a pretence of 
having committed a trefpafs. But what Lord Stmtt'*^ behaviour the 
more extraordinary is, that 'Squire 
Bm/lhta long been acknowledged, and 
known by dl the country round, to be 
Lord of the manor of this common. 

This pra^oe was long carried on, 
through the connivance of a StnK'ard, 
to whom the 'Squire has long trafted 
the management of ail his afinjrs, and 
Who, by the by, is thought round us 
to have neither honefty nor abilities 
iiifficient to qualify him for the office. 

At length. 'Squire BuITs tenant.^, ti- 
red out and in a &ir way of being ru- 
ined by thefe plunder?, determined to 
lay dieir grievances before their land- 
lord, in a body ; wliich they did ; and 
at the fame time afiured him, that un- 
lefs they had fome redrefs and fatif- 
h€dcm, they muft throw up their farms, 
finoe it was impofiible fi>r them to pafs 
with their goods to or from market 
without endangering their lives or for- 
tunes. What at this time had a very 
bad afped, and railed ereat jealoofiea 
of the Steward, was, uuit he endea- 
voured as much as poffibie to prevent 
the tenants delivering this remonfbance 
to his mafter: But, notwithftanding his 
oppofition, it was delivered, and the 
*Squire was fo gracious as to promife 
them reh'ef . 

Upon this, *Squire Buff, bv the ad- 
vice of his firiends, rsiblvea to go to 
law with Lord Strutt^ and fpare no ex- 
pence in defence of his rights : In con- 
wquence of which refolution, he bor« 
rowed large funis of money, fee'd coun- 
cil, and xiiade all neceftary preparati* 
ons for trial. 

AU this time it was obfervcd, that^ 

1 34 Conteft bettoten Lord Stnitt and ^Sfuire BuU. 

myljatdSfnOt never made one ftej^ were iiwy much eongcd at ^ unwar« 

nor expended one fiuthin^ towards hU 
defence -, but, inftead of that, conti-r 
suied his infults on the*SqairB*s tenants 
at ufual. Tliisy as you may well smai 
gine, furprioed the neighbours $ till at 
bngth they difcovered that the 'Squire's 
Stewani was in league with in^ Lord, 
and had privaitely acquainted him that 
he need not be under an^ apprehenii- 
^ 005 conccrnine the fuit his mafter had 
commenced, for he would take care it 
fliould never be brought to trial. 

This was agreeable to my Lord's 
wifli ; for he con£der*d, that while Buii 
was wafting his elUte in prnarations 
i^ an imaginary trial, he would be the 
iefs able to fupport the expence when 
it came to a real one. Befidesy 'Squire 
$uJPs Steward had feveral s«ifons for 
putting off the trial: He was appre- 
henfive, that in tho couHe of the evi- 
dence, every thii^ which had pai^ 
between my Lord and him (ana they 
had long held a dandefline correfpon- 
dence) miffht be brought to light. 
Again^ he knew that his mafter, in 
Older ^ defray the expence of the law- 
fuit, muft inctcafe his rents ; and which 
he was feniible the tenants were unable 
to pay, through the cruel exadioos he 
haa long continued to make upon them; 
by which means his iniquities would 
have been difcover'd. For it is noto- 
rious throughout all the countryi that 
he has rack'd and opprefs'd the tenants, 
infbmuch, that the farms on ^Sauire 
BulTs eftate, which were formerly ndd 
to be the bell all around us, are now 
icaroe worth tenanting. I have heard 
fomeof theoklcft tenants lay, that they 
never remember any Steward in the 
Bkli fiunily fo ill-beloved, or gu^tv of 
fuch enormous jmpofitions: which is 
not altogether improbable ; for though 
it is allowed that ne was taken mt» tSe 
£unily a beggar, there are fonM will 
not fcruple to fay, he has now almoft 
fi3 good an efUte as his mafter. 

Upon thefe oonfidetations *Squire 
BmII^b Steward was determin'd, at ail 
events, to prevent briqging the cai;fe 
to an ifiue; and accordingly told his 
giaAer and fplae. of feds friends (who 

rantable proceedings otmyLord StrmttJ 
that he himfelf would lUndettake to ac* 
commodate all matters v^ith his Lonio 
ihip, both to the honour of his mafter^ 
and the tenants fatisfadion. Upontkis^ 
the proceedings at law were Hopt^ aa4 
fbme coafiderable time pafied in endea* 
vouring to reconcile the difierencesi 
but during all this time, my Lord be« 
hav'd in the moii haiKrhty, tnfcjrnil 
manner, abfdutely reflinng to makm 
any conceffions ; suid, though a piopo- 
fal of an^ty was carrying on, fiiU coih 
tinued his violences. 

This behaviour, you may be certain^ 
made Mr. BuH^s Steward veiy uneafy ^ 
not for his reputation, for he defpited 
that; but his pbu:e, perhaps, lay a|< 
ftake, and depended on his fucce&. 
At length, finding my Lord imniove^ 
able, he had recourfe to a Uratagems 
which was, to prevail on his Lordfhip 
to fign a paper that had the form and 
appearance of an agreement, thoo^ 
in fadt, no one article in it coold .poA 
fibly be of any fervice either to his ma- 
fter or the tenants. ' 

The articles on which 'Sqaire BulPs 
tenants chiefly infifled were : 

•1 . Reparadon for thedama^ea thef 
had fofl^'d. 2. Security for a frst 
pafiage over the common, for ^ fin 

All the fatis&aion 'Squire BbUH 
Steward was able to obtain in tneJe 
points, amounted but to this : 

In the firft place, Lord Stnat agi^ 
to pay about a third part of the tenants 
demands } but, at the fame time, 'uMk 
ed the 'Squire fhould deliver up one of 
his tenants, who was under his prote* 
dion, and who. Lord Struct pretended^ 
though without any foundation, was in* 
debt^ to him in a fum almoft equal ta 
that which he was to pay the left of ths 
tenants for their damages. 

As to the iecond article, which OBf* 
tainly was the ntofl material. Lord 
Stnttt refufod to comply with itany fiir-' 
ther, than agreeing to refer it to thp fo* 
tare con&kmdoh of two pedling At- 

Digitized by VJV_/<^7V LV. TlUS 


ThkagmBentyridicaloiisasitiiiajr Srjkim and his afibciated biediren; 

ippear, the jkward was hardy enoagh 
to prevail on^SquireJd/ to fign; nay, 
had To iiHich impudence as to boaft what 
emineiit ferrioe he had done his mafter's 

and, after appQinting the ufe of gendr 
means to fedaim uem, empowered 
their comsiiffion f if that method ihottU 
L) to take all 

prore ineflfedual) 

cftaie by k. Bat when ^Squire BmH ftm to fift them at the bar of the next 
commwicatcd this aflBur to his ftiends, afiembly. In confeqneoce of this, (e** 
^nko i^nserally come about Cbriflmas Tesal Minifters inrited them to a con- 
'* r, in ki^ bodies, tovifit him, they ference, which they oonibintly refused. 

west akutned, and hoped the 'Squire 
ioqU by no means be iatisfied with U^ 
(aadaloas an a|reenient. 

The tenants finding they were tore- 
aire io tri/ling a fadsia^ion for their 

nnkfs they would agree to argue the 
debated points, not as oommifConed by 
the geneial aifembly, bat in the qua- 
lity of fellow-chriftians. The Com^ 
miffion in November finding there were 

applied to *Squire BuIPb friends to 
tfift them with their intereft in the re- 
oveiy of their rights and liberties. 
lam. &c. 

Ufa, and no fecority fcit an nnmokfted no grounds to imagine they inclined to 
" the common for the future, alter their condud, named a committee 

to prepare a libel to be put in their 
handsi which was done, and prefented 
to that Reverend body in March. Se** 
Tend warm debates enfued. Whether, 
in the prefent ikuation of af&irs, it was 
expedient to proceed farther? It car-' 
ri^ by a narrow majority, to pot the 
libel in the Seceder^ hands, and to grant 
warrant for fitting them at the bar of 
the next afTembly, together with wit- 
nefles to prove the charm. This Libel 
enumerates the fever&i crimes which 
are alkdged on thefe Reverend Gentle* 
men; and particularly narrates their 
feceflion (iom the church without any 
juilifiable ground, and nerfiiling there- 
in, contrary to their iolemn vows at 
their ordination; afTuming a power of 
erecting themfelves into a prcfcyteiy, 
and pretending to judicial afts over the 
whole church j piilifhing to the world 
their A£ty Decutratiott, and ^iftinm^^ 
wherein they condemn the diurch, and 
throw out many groundlefs calumnies 
agatnd her; difpenfing ordinances to 
perfons without the confent ;of the Mi- 
nifters- of the congregations to which 
they belong; ordaining of elders, and 

Edinburgh, March 1759. 

NO ]e& than 981,378 yards of 
linen ck)th hath been lent this 
numali to London, befides 
what has bem esroorted to other places, 
whidt, ne doubt, has been very confide- 
table. By this we may fee that the in- 
ddftnoos poor only want proper encou- 
nprnent to make Qs rival any of oar 
M^hbooiiin thegoodneisof that na- 
mnaiue: And, as a bill is ordered 
iato pailiafflent fiv taking off the du- 
ties on the materials for whitening li- 
kh, 'tis h^ied it will be very readily 
sgteed to; which will be a new mo- 
tire to our ma»]£idarers to proceed in 
dieadvancenient of this valuable branch 
of trade. 

The Fanners in Mid-Lothian havo 
expiefled their zeal for the good of 
their couitry, by cntring into an una* 

aisHXis rdTobtion 9pxaSt the ufe of keeping fa& in different comers of the 
fbicign fpirits. This laudable exam- country; licenfing Mr. John Hunter t<r 

^ has been imitated by many of this 
city, who are refblved to ufe their ut- 
aoft endeaivouTB to pot a ftop to the 
lemicious pradioe of letailing brandy, 
»wa, Wf . 

Tbe hte Geoeml Aflembly iband 
themfiilvn obliged to take particular 
IMce of Uie condiia of }fix. Ehenextr 

pteach the gofpel, 'and directing him 
to a partic^ar parilh (ytK. Larbcrt) 
wherein to cxercife his miniftry ; taking 
off a fenccnce of excommunication pi- 
fed by the prcftjytery of DumWane r 
abfolvidg fcandalous perfons; excon^- 
municating one David Lefly Baxter m 
Pleafentsi bw>tiwng chUdren- without 


DOMEsricK HisroRr. 

fbttndatioii of veiy kuiied claaduf 
both before the court ollfieffiQii, an 
the hooie of Peers. 


proper certificates; obftinatdy refbfinjg 
conferences with the Minifters of their 

ie^pe£tiye prefbyteries} and Mr. Ebe 
nezer Erfluae^s ptotefting againft five 
ekier8> members ci the Teffion of Stir- 
lii^ fommonine them to appear at the 
-^^^inal of Chnll, on the day deter- 
mined in God's fecret Decree, to an- 
fw^ fi>r their amduA. 

A bill is ordered into pariiament, to 
enable his Majcdly, his heirs and fiwcef- 
fors, to grant letten patent to any per- 
ion or ^mbns» to prefent plays, or other 
entertainments of the Aum, within this 
city or fuburbs. The A^igiftrates, the 
Univerfity, and the Clergy, have dif- 
paiched very preffii^ letters to men in 
power, beeeing their interefl to pre- 
vent the bSrspaffing into a law. And 

A petition has hclsn fent up, figned 
bv feveial Noblemen, Gentlemen, Mer- 
chants, Bora^iles, &c. piayii^ that the 
fain may pus into a law. 


THE hoofe of Peers have deter- 
mined the great caofe relating to 
the fucoeffion to & efiate of Baif^y, 
in fiivour of Sir Hew Daliymple. 

The competitors were, i . Sir Hew 
Dalrympk of Northberwick, eldeft fon 
of Joanna Hamilton, only child of John 
Mailer of Baigpny, in whoie contrad 
of marriage with Jean Sinclair^ daugh- 
ter of Sir Robert Sinclair of Loi^;ror- 
inacus, the eftate was tailzied. 2. Sif 
Alexander Hope of Kerfe, eldeft fon of 
Nicolas Hamilton, only daughter of 
John Lord Bsugeny, maker of the 
tailzie. 3. Mifs Mm Buchan, eldeft 
daughter of Grizel Hajnilton, only 
danghter of William Hamilton, iepond 
(on of the maker of the tailzie, who 
afterwards fucceeded to the eftate, and 
upon the death of whofe ion. Tames, the 
male line of the taibier^s body feil^. 

The court of Seffion gave it firft for 
Sir Hew ; but, upon a reclaimii^ pe- 
tition, decided in fiivour of Sir Alexanr 
der. Againft which both Sir Hew ai|d 
Mifs Buchan appealed. 

The grounds of each party^s daim 
will bett appear from the following 
cl^uf^ pf 4se tail^ei w)u^ W9x« Uw 

The OUigement to infeft. 
— ng fmd Jthm lard Bwrgemjf him 
and Miges hm, bis heirs and Juccej 
JirSf wiih ail p^ffihk and c o/ n j e mU n 
dilhiniiy dufy tmd vaUdfy t9 infe/t am 
foifoy fy charttr and fajmt^ titolo one 
rofo, in cvmfttt nt firmy the fmd J 9k 
Mafter of Bargn^^ and tin beirs-mmi 
to be freereate of tbe faid marria^ 
betwixt him and tbe faid Mrs, yem 
Sinclair bis future fbmfi ; whilksfail 
zieingj tbe beirs^male to be frocreeUe § 
geuf in ant otber marriage i *wbHk 
fai&ueii^, JFilliam Ham&n^^his h^, 
tber^erman, fecond fim to tbe faid J ohm 
Lara Bargen^^ and tbe beirs-mude M 
he frocreaJte of the bodf of tbe faid Wil- 
Uam Hami&mi tvbmb faiheierng, the 
heirs-male to be procreate of tbe'Sodf ef 
the laid John Lord Bargeu^i *vMm 
faiieieing, tbe eldefi beir-femdle of tbt 
bodf of the faid John herd B^a^enfi 
and tbe defeendents of her bodjf, nvithmt 
dewfion ; fwbilks faibdeing^ tbe next heir' 
female to be fricreate of the body if tbe 
faid John lord Bargenjf, "and ebe di- 
fcendtnts of tbe bosfy of the faid neset beir^ 
femaUy tbe eldeft beirfesnak and the de- 
feendents of her hodfy abwajs exciasUng 
all other beirsrportionersy and Jkcceeding 
'without divifion I nubilksfaihsHing^ohn 
Houfton iounger of that Ilk, fifier's fm to 
tbe faid John Lord Bargem^, and tbe 
heirs-male of the faid John Heufion ; [and^ 
after namuffi fix other fubftitutes, it 
proceeds as follows] tvbi&s faibcieingf 
to the faid John Lord Bargenf his heirs- 
male 'wbftjoever ; *whilis al^faiheieing,- 
to tbe faid John Lord Barvenj^ bis heirs 
and affignies nsjbatjoevery tbe eldefi heir- 
female, and tbe defeendents of her hoJ^ 
exchs^ng all other behrs^fortieuers^ ead 
fncceeding eJwajfs without e^fien i stud 
the defeendents tf tbe bodf of the faid Mrs. 
MargatetHamilton, [fitotothetailzier] 
being abfobstehfy and for en)er debarred auL 
exchdedfrom ftuceeding to tbe lands and 
e/late after mentioned, or any part tbertlff 
09dm next ferfen iw69 woMfutctfiL 



if litfir^ deJUnaiimi, in cafe the 
voitt dt^iHMHts tftht JitUt Mrs. rnovi^ 
ret HamiUmfs lod^ nuen exttnS^ and 
natMnd^ tksd, akbough itjtending efthe 
ymg^ Jifiers, 9r any me of a remoter 
a^fwtf w bereby afpotwted to Jwcceed to 
the Ladtf tftate^ and others after nun^ 
tioMtdy iamediatefy cfter the defcendents 
tf Ae body of the /aid John Lard Bar- 
pn^ notftAnthftofubfi^ that the defcentunts 
ftk botfy of the faid ^h-s. Marraret 
BamUtorr %e om Me\ fwbo are herdy al- 
Ifither ejechdtd from the benefk tf the 
frtfitrd' fkccejhmy as faid is. 

The Fhxruratoiy of Refisnatioa is 
IB wDrd» tie lame with & above 
dnfe» onl^r, when the next beirfemak 
kmentione^ the words, to be procreate, 

Tbc Qbt^cmait for ps^nneBt oi pof* 
tMivtetbe dau]g^h«en> failiag haiB-^ 
, nafeof ifae imnuge. 
^JU in regard^ that fy the amctptianof 
wfi pte^nt cuntra&y and frocttratvy xfF 
tfmWitsen and tathsie above 'ivnttenp 
nmm emstainedf faibaeing rf heirs- 
mU fntreaP9 tf the body <f the faid 
JoBntb^ ofBargenfy rf the faid mar- 
riage betwix't him and the fidd Mlb. 
J tan Sincianr, firmving, andjiiceeed- 
^ 10 the faids lands and eft ate ^ tvho 
AtB'Otain to mawriiy or marriage^ the 
Jtmen are froviitd and taikxed $o the 
tdnt Bnrs-male above mentioned, Jka that 
(be iaofifjttrs of the faid marriage are 
hereby excbtded from fiuceeding thereto \ 
^ber^hrthe feud John Mafler of Bar- 
ffny^ be thr tenor hereof bindr and abU- 
fo hint, his heirs male and tftztikde a- 
boot mentioned, *fhat in cafe there be no 
^t^nak frocreatr of the find marriage 
batoixt him and the faid B/G-s. feanSTn- 
'boTy fitrvpuing the faid John Mafiet 
^ foyeajn, and lobofbaU attain to ma- 
i'rity or marriage, that then and in that 
cafi the faid John Mafttr of Bargeny, 
ndtbo heirs-male (fhis body of any ether 
^^orriM, and the other heirs mat and 
!f tmzie. ohvoo mentioned, f>all make 
i t^^ to the daughters, one or maCf t^ 
00 fncnate of the faid marriage betnuixt 
i^Md ibe faid Mrs, Jean Sinclair, 
fftbefim ofimomy aftef mnfimd; *c;' 

K Hisrdkr. 


Their Lonfftips Live iikewile dbter- 
siiiied a eaufe bttween Willffim Scot 
0f Stair's erM^tors, and Hamilton Kair 
his ion, by affirming the deeree of dK 
CDsit of Seffion in favour of the fon. 

Near lo^ooo minifterial pamphfeta 
i»deft»oe of the convention have ttely 
been difperfed gratis among the txakr- 
nevy euftomhoiiie officers, and other 
civ3» mflieary, and ecdefiaftick offioen^ 
which iiBB fUka the priee of vuafto 

members were at the faoofe of Com- 
mons belbieitx o^clodc in the mominfi^ 
the day the convention was confider'di 
and what is very remarkable, there wete 
480 m emben at prayers before ten that 

His Majefty has made a prefent of 
nmn^ mead> cyder, and beer, to tho 
Moft Chriftian Kine. 

Fonr brandy and ram merchanta^ 
and one cyder merchant were, upon 
dieir petitions complaining of great 
dama^ fofbdned by leaking cafts, and 
a higli overehaiTO of the duties, a- 
moonting to conhderable fums of mo* 
ney, upon p r op e r vonchen of foch loAea^ 
reneved, acxxnding to their requeft, by 
the board of excife. 

Tiie French merchants have con* 
trafied with feme of oar greareft Yir* 
dnia and Maiyland traders, for the de^ 
Bvery of above 6000 hogfheads of to- 
bacco; of which they make incredible 
profit, by rapeemg it. 

Prijtted lifts of the common^coimci! 
of this city, and the fevend trades they 
profcfs, were delivered at the honfes of 
Lords and Commons, with the Allowing 
lines printed on the fiont of the paper : 
So every carpenter and moorh-mafter^ that 
kibottreth night and day : and they that 
cut and grofve fiab, and art diligent to 
make great variety^ and gpot theHifihvet 
to counterfeit imagery, andnvatch tofnj/B 
a tuork, — yfll tbefe truft to their hands .* 
afid every one is nvifi in his nuork, ^rth- 
out theft cannot a city be inhabited: and 
theyjball not dwell where they naill, nor 
goupandihwn. Theyjhallnotbefiught 
fir in publkk council, Bodef. wxviii. 
verics27, 31, 3^31*W^^ 5Jj^ 



There are five fyerfons in the caftle 
of York for coining guineas; above 
I coo of which were found in their cu- 
flody. And 

A difcovery has been lately made of 
ieveral coiners near Derby, and infor- 
mations are given againft many of the 
offenders, particularlv againft a Pref- 
byterian Preacher ana Hofier, who has 
acquired a confiderable real efbtte, to 
the forprize of everv body, his new 
tracie being not then known. He has 
been, *tis iaid, in dofe confultation with 
a rulii^ man ; but is not yet commit- 
ted. Ifle man who made the tools, and 
was hired to live with him, and afllft 
him in the ofe of them, was to receive 
L, 40 for his fervice ; but the Non-€on. 
not beii^ fo honefl as to pay him out 
of the profit, the mould-maker has 
brought his a6lion a^ainil him, and 
fues him for his bargain. Another of 
the coiners rides about the country with 
arms ; but is not yet taken. Others 
are mentioned, as concerned in the fame 
vile prai£kices, but none are vet brought 
under examination, for unknown rea- 
ibns ; and whether this affair muil be 
paisM over as a trifle, or be brought to 
the afiizes, a little time will fliew. 

The drawer who was concerned, in 
the murder of Lieut. Hume at Rofcrea, 
was found guilty of the faid murder at 
|he afiizes at Clonmell. 

One John Henning, at Bamwood, 
near Glouceiler, who loc^d about 1 3 
months with one Mrs. Mills, an elder- 
ly gentlewoman of that place, and 
rented about Z. 1 2 per annum, broke 
'Open her box, and fiole two fdver tan 

Bi content njoiih fitch tbingsMthmba/f, 
fijr he hath &id, Iwillnevtr ktwe tbee^ 
norforfaht thee. 

Blefs tJbm that curft thu^ ami fray fat 
tUm that ilejpitefuify nfi thee, 

St tbmi tbertfiri mercijul, as tbf 
beavenhf father alfo is merciful^ 

Fret not thy /elf hecaufi of bim nuha 
frokertth in bis ivay^ becauft of the mmm 
tubo iringetb 'wicktd devices to fafs. 

Eat and drink^ and et^ tbt fruits if 
thy labour, for that is the gift of God, 

I hope that theie frivmous and iud- 
den itmovttibles will put you in mind 
that you have here no continuing city,' 
and ftir you up to live fo holily, that 
was God at any time to fay, ^s ntgbt 
Jball thy fiul he required of thee, yoa 
mlAt with pleafure fay, I0, I come, 

John Palmer, alias, Kichard Torpin, 
was tried at Yooic, and convided upon 
two ieveral indidments for horfe-ffceal- 
ing : The evidence was dear and faD, 
and the prifoner had little or nothing 
to fay in his defence. He was proved 
by two witnefles from Efiex, tooe the 
notorious Richard Turpin fone of whom 
was Smith who tai^ht hmi to write) 
and he himfelf owned his name £o to 
be, but faid he was not the Richard 
in he was taken for, bat another 
»n of the fame name : He faid he 
been a Butcher in Lincolnfhixe, and 
failing there^ retired into that country^ 
and took upon himfelf the name of 
Palmer. He did not ajmrehend any dan- 
ger from the firfl acculation of fhooting 
a Farmer's cock, and therefore tamely 
fttbmitted to the Conilable*s authori^; 
and after he was charged with horft- 

kards, a half-pint filver goblet, feven ftealins, he did not attempt to efcape, 
filver fpoons, money, tfr . to the va- left, iihe did not fucceed, an enquiry 

lue of L. 40; in lieu whereof he left a 
letter as a pill of confolation, ftufiF'd 
with fcriptural texts, fuch as. 

Lay not 1^ for your /elves trea/ures up- 
0^ earthy *where moth and ruft doth corrupt, 
4snd<where thieves break through and/leal. 

But lay up for your /elves trea/ures in 
heafven, vjhere neither moth nor rk/i doth 
corrt^, and where thieves do not break 
through norfteaL 

For vjhereyour trea/urt is, thfrt *wiU 
your heart bi a^^ 


might be made after him, and a mfco- 

veiy made who he was. His necefiity 

in jail forced him to get a fdlow-prifbn- 

er to write the letter which he fign'd, 

and which pulled ofiTthe mafk and dif- 

cover'd him. Since he was fufpe^bd 

to be Turpin, the whole country have 

flocked there to fee him, and have been 

very liberal to him, infomuch that he 

has had wine conftantly before him till 

his trial; and 'tis faid the jailor has 

m^ £. 190 by felling liouors to Jum 


and Us vlfitors. Though the fellow 
has made a mit noiie in the world, 
he'll DOW die like adog. A vaft imm- 
ber of wagers have been loft on this 
! woQoaaL 

I Sihoe the news of an Ei^^ (hip's 
! befog taken in the Mediterranean, or- 
I deo have been fent to Commodoce 
I Brown at Jamaica to convoy home the 
jBodiant Ihips for the futute. 

The few officers of the ganiibns of 

Gibraltar and Port Mahon, that are 

abfent here on furlows of leave, have 

\ noeived orders to repair forthwith to 

I ddr reipedive pofb in theie fivts. 

I Several Stone -mafons. Brick-layers 

ttd Smiths, have been hired to go to 

Gibraltar aind Port Mahon. 

Orders aie iflued for enlifling a num- 
ber of feamen to man the guard-ihips. 
' On the 3d of May the Spanifh court 
is to pay the faro of L. 9^,000 towards 
lepuring the Britiih merchants loiles. 

A codBderable remittance is made to 
die Earl of Crawfoid at Vienna. 

firigadier-General Guiil is appointed 
to review the forces in Nprth Britain in 
place of General Wade. 

Tbey write from Dublin, That a 
commiffion has pafled the Great Seal, 
appointing )m Excellency Thomas 
Wyndhana, Lord Baron of Finekis, 
Lend Chancellor of Ireland^ to be Lord 
High Reward of Ireland for tryine the 
Rt. Hon. the Lord Santry ; and on 
Wedoefday M tKe Rt. Hon, Thomas 
Cater, Serjeant at Arms, iflbed fummon- 
fes to the Peers of the kin^om, to 
meet on Friday the 27th of April at 
the Parliament^hode, for trying his 
Lordihip, purfuant to a precept fi^nn 
die Lord High Stewaxd. 

MAaiT4ME Affairs. 

The Tochcm, Bormeefter, bound 
lh>m Uibon to Lubeck, was loft off of 
Bexsen, eight of the ciew drowned, and 
fix laved. 

IV Hendridc, Grieve, was loft near 
^ fame nbce. 

' The John and Thomas, bound from 
Bmerdam to Hamburgh, was loft in 
tHe Koith fea,' the Captain and crew 


The Miffing, with P^atines for Ply- 
month, was £t>ve from her anchors 
at the hoHc-ftioe, near the cape of Vir- 
ginia, and loft, with all the paftengen, 
off of Cape Henry. 

" llieMiddletbnyFotherbyyofBidde- 
ford, was loft about 1 5 miles to the 
fouthward of Boulogne, but all the crew 
were iaved. 

Capt. Hndibn, bound from Roter^ 
dam for Briftol, was loft on the coaft 
of Briftol. ' 

A Brazil Ship was loft at the bar 
of Oporto. 

The Alicant, Capt. Elliot, from 
Hamburgh, was loft near Graveline. 

The Briftol Brig, John Nicols, bound 
from fiarbadoes to Philadelphia, was 
loft 1 2 leaeues from the footnward of 
Cape Hemope. 

Dud 'within the "nvatts of the city tf E* 
iHnhurgh, and huried in the Gra^fri- 
ars cmtrch-yardy March 1739. 

Men 19, women 23, children 73. In 
aU, 115. Increaied this month, 3 3 . 
Diseases. N% 
Old age — 5 
Confumption 40 

Fever ij 

.Small-pox 8 
Tecthmg — 17 
Chin-cough 20 
Suddenly — 3 
Rupture — ». i 
Pally z 

Still-bom — 4 

Prefermekts Civil, 

THE Earl of Kintorc,— Sheriff of 
the counnr of Kincardine. 

Maiquis of Lothian,— Lord Regifterfor 

Mr. Gordon) kte Secretaiy t^vthe fo* 
dcty for the encouragement of leaun* 
ing,— One of his Majefty's council ' 
in Carolina. 

Mr. Nafmith,. (brother to Sir James 
Nafmith of Poffo, member of por- 
liartent) — Oerk to the Admiffio^ 

' of NotarS. Digitized by'V^V^fV^/vi-^mt 


Tlie wife of l/br, Murray^ Porter to 

the Prince of Wales, — ^Wct-nurfc to 
. the Prince. » 

Col. John Pic, — Governor of South 

Chaiki Fiowen, £(qi — Bnmfwick- 

JiCKald at Bath, aiid GeBtkmaa-uibfir 

of the Scarlet-rod. 
JIathaniel Stephens,— Deputy Camp- 
. tmller cf tie ciiioms in the port of 

Craifter Greatheed, — ComptwJkr of 

the cuftoms in the ifland of St. Chri- 

^aawel Holden, Efq; •— Govecnor of 

^ fluffia company. 

£dwaid Montague, Eib; ionof thekte 
Brigadier General Montaeue, and 
nc^ew to the Earl of Halifax, — 

* Major of Ool.Corawallis'sregimeat 
. of foot. 
Puncan Urquhart, Efq; member of 

parliament for Forres, — Captain of 
' a company in the fecood regiment of 

mot guards. ^ 

Major Whitney, -^ Lt. Cobiiel of the 

* regiment of dragoom oommanded 

* by Brigadier General Hawley. 
Xieut. John Weft, -^ a C^ptaio in the 

faid regiment. 


6ir John Nbnrb, — Vk»- Admital of 
G. Britsuo, and lieottnaat of tbe 
navy, in room of the £ail of Ber- 

. kicy, deceafed. 

'The Lord Oudrofs, fon to the Earl of 
Bochan,— «> Mifs Stewart, fifter to 
Sir JamesStewartof Goodtrees, Bart. 



Her Royal Hi^mefe die FtSMefs «r 

Wales, — of a Prinoe, on wednelSay^ 

tiie 14th March, about two oVIook 

in the afternoon, at Norfbfic-lMMit 

' in St. Ja»es*ft fqoare. 

When her Royal Highnefs €eSx la- 
boor-paim, Mrs. Cannon her Midwife 
was tent for; who thinknig ihe mkkiUI 
foon be ddiveved, his Royal Higkneft 
lent a mefege bpr the Lord of the bed- 
chamber in waiting to acquaint lua Ma- 
jefty therewith; upon v(4ucb his Maje^ 
Ry ient a mei&ge to the hode of Pben : 
Whereupon the houie immediately ai- 
joomed, asid the Lord Chanoellor, the 
Dultf <X DoHet, and other Lords of tho< 
Privy Council, with fereral Bifiiops, wh 
paired to Noifblk-houie, to be prdent 
at the birth. 

And a meilenger was foan after dif^ 
patched to the Court of Saxc Gotha, 
to acquaint his Serene Highnels of the 
fame. And 

Mei&ngers wetedifpatdied eo all Ins 
Majefty's Minifters abroad, to notify 
the birth of the Prince to the feveraa 

The Countefs of CathneTs, — 
• daughter. 

The Lady Aylmcr, wife of 
Filher of S^dieford, Efqi — 

oley,£fq;—toMiisJane Teach, 
' daufihter and ible heireis of the late 

Sir Fiiher Tench. 
Thomas Gerravd, £(q;' Comffion-Ser- 
' jeant of Loudon, — to h^s Gay. 
jamea C^vy of Rpthiemay, Efq; — ^to 

Lachr &tty Maitland, daughter to the 

puncan Robertfon of Dmmarhin, Eiq; 

— to Mifs May I^ainiy fiftor to the 

\4fsi Nairn. 

-of a 

-of a 


Charles Earl of Selkirk, one of the fix-^ 
teen Peers for Scotland, Lord of thel 
Bed-chamber to his Majefty, and| 
Loid-Rmfter for Scodand, at h» 
houie inSt. James's pkoe, unmarried, , 
aged about 77, of the ftone and gra- 
^. He was next brodier to James 
kte Duke of Hamiltan and Brandon, 

' uacle to the nefent Duke, elder 
brother to the late Earl of Orkn^, 
to the ndent Earl of Rutbagleii» 
and the Lord Archibald Hamilton. 

The Lnd Viicount Bnlkeley of the 
kingdom of Ireland, and Mento 
of parliament for Beaumaris, with- 
out iffue, and is fuooeeded by his bcor 
ther in honoun and eftate. 

ate. an csnineat 



Sir ]6kn Sdiaw, fiait. at his feat at 

. ^liham is Kent. 

Jdhm Elhridge, Kq; Comptfoller of Ida 
Majefiy^s cuftoms in Briftol. A- 
mooe other ]arge leg^es, he has 
kft Z. cocx) to UKC Infirmaiy theie, 
and endow'd a charity-fchool whidi 
he hnilt feveral years before his 
death, on St. Michael's hill, for the 



educating and clothing a certain num- 
her of poor giiis. 
Winiam Eirii^on, Efq; Hkh Sherif 

for the couaty of Nonhumoeilaod. 

The Rev. Dt. Humnhicys, Vicar of 

i Ware and Hombri^ge. He tranfla- 

i^. ted Mont6acon's antiquities, and 

^yyther Authors, into Englifh. 

Smr Tuckfield, £fi|; Member of par- 

Eunent for Alhburton. 
lbs. Anae Scot, a daudbter of the hr 
jnily of Gala, and rem of Walter 
Scot of Raebum, £% of Hany Mac- 
doi^ of Makerfton, £fqi and of 
Mr. Jaooes Home of Ecdes, Advo- 
Capt. William Logan, formerly Go- 
vernor of New Jerfey. 
Hemy Macneal, Efq; Captain of a 
company in CoL Reid's regiment 
now in Gifaialtar. 
lames Drommond of Btair-Dmmmond. 
fii^ GibioD, £% in Somerfet^ire. 
Dr. Dalntahoy, a noted Phyfidaa iii 
Bedfbfd Row. 
', TlieLadyJi]lianaBnice,wife to Charles 
I Lord Bruce, only fon of the Earl of 
Ayleflnry, . who lives at Bndlels. 
Capt. Skelton, in Cd. Hamilton's re- 
. giment of feot. 

Andxmy Hammond, Efq; once Com- 

miffioner of the navy, and Pay-ma- 

fter of the forces (under the Duke 

of Chaodois) in Spain. 

Mr. Bowman, of Drury-Iane theatre, 

. a^ 8S, who had the honour to 

]xifbnn ieveral times before King 

Chailes II. and with whom that 

Mbnatch oftoi drank a bottle. — ^He 

was the oldeft PUiyer, the oldeft 

Smger, and the cddeft Ringer in 


WBliam Farmer, Efqs brother to the 

Earl of Pomfxet. 
M^. Mkhad Lam^iiiefl, Adyo^a^, 

The Lady Suttie^ leUa df Sir Jamei 
Sttttie of BaWwnie, and daM^hter 
to the late Lord Prefident of the 

Jean Stirling^ the wife of Mr. John 
Campbell Caihier of the royal bank* 

Dr. George Wharton, an eminent Phy- 

Jphn Eyres, Efq; of Beny's Hall 

Norfolk, a Roman Catholick Gca- 
tleavuiof Z. 4000 /i«r4 


Ccounts from As i a abound widi 
contradidioos, which vary ac- 
cordit^ to tlie interefts of the 
pboes fixua v/haxt we receive them. 
From Fiemui we are often told. That 
the ^ophi of Perfia is marching with a 
. numerous anny to recover the provinces 
fiaz'd by the Porte during the late wan: 

the Sultan and Xonli Kan are opoa the 
moft amicable terms; and that the lat- 
ter is (b £tf from attempting any thing 
on the fide of Turky, aiat his whole 
ftrensth and attention is neceflary to 
oppcae the arms of the Great Mo^, 
who, having dedaied war a^nfl hui, 
is fending an army of toCyOOO men to 
invade his dominions. — However, it 
is oertain tlttt the armies of the Grand 
Seignior are pr^rixf; for the field with 
more expedition than at prefent appeaa 
.among the foroes which will pn»bab]|r 
be employ'd Mainft them. 

On the 1 5tn of February, a detach* 
ment of 4000 Tartars haviiy pafled 
the river Nioper, in the Uknune, io 
onler to attack a body of Coiacks and 
Ru s 8 1 A N 6, under the command of Mi- 
jor^Genend Bachmarow, were, imme- 
diately upon their landings attack'd 
and defeated by that commander, who 
took ftoBL them 1^00 horfes, two pair 
of colours, a great number of bows and 
arrows, ^c which fo intinudated the 
Sultan of Biologrod, who commanded 
the main body of troops from whence 
the above detachment was fent, that 
he infiantly retired toward Polan4a 
plundering and burning the finall towna 
aikl villaees in hi? ioa2L in revenge fbc 



Bis infoccefs ; fo that for the victory of 
the Roffiansy the Poles have feraely 
iixfieied. — Genend Keith, who is at 
Paris in order to be cured of the woan4 
lie received in his knee at the fim of 
Oczakow, has written to Peterfbore, 
that he had put himi^under the han£ 
of that able Suigeon M., Morand, and 
lioped to return to Ru^ in May or 
June next. 

From Venice it is affirmed, that 
the Grand Vizier, upon application of 
the Marquis de ViUeneuvey the Am- 
baiiador of France at Confta^tinopley 
had dedaitd, that as the lafl propo- 
fids made by the Sukan for a pesioe had 
been rde^d, he would now ofier new 
ones: Upon which the Vizier producM 
a map, whereon he deicrib'd to the 
Marquis a fmall territoiy or two his 
Highiieis was willing to refign to the 
Emperor^ and the large diftn6b he in- 
fixed upon having deliveml up to him 
by his UBperial MajeHy, nfix. the fbr- 
trefi of Tamefwear, the frontiers of 
WaOachia, indudingVipalanka, Mea- 
dia, Comia, fs^c. The Grand Vizier 
made no feoet to the ^^bIqui8 of the 
operatibns he has orders to execute the 
enfuingcampoien, but frankly told him, 
he would marc£ with the greatefl part 
of his army to befiege Belgrade. 

It is Jikcwife written nom Venice, 
that fome Turkiih merchants in that 
city have received information, that 
Mahomet the Bafhaw of Albania, who 
had r^der*d himielf odious by his cm- 
eltjes in the exercife of his govemnient 
of ^atari, being upon the point of 
takii^ the field witti the militia, to 
-punifh the inhabitants of the province 
of Kuzn for their contempt of his 
[commands, a confpiracy was fbrm'd a- 
gainft his life; in confequence of ntdiich, 
ataproperopportumty, amufauetwas 
fir*d, upon the report whereof fcvend 
perfons rufhM upon, and fbbb*d him 
in more than a humlred places. — The 
mofl rapacious tyrant is fb eafily fub- 
dued, that it is aftonilhing to reflect 
how mankind have, in feraal inflan- 
ces, fufier'd the inhumane difpofitran of 
one man to diilceis and butcher thou* 

The genersd rendezvoiis of the I »#- 
PBEiAL army is faid to be fixed lor 
the 5 th of May, in the neighboaiJKXMl 
of Belgrade. The Velt Marfhal CoimC 
Wallis is to have the command in 
chief, but is not yet departed from 
Vienna. The Turks have made a 
fieih attempt to penetrate into Tranli|- 
vanla, but were repulfed by the troops 
under the command of the Prince de 
Lobkowitz. The Countefs of Secken- 
dorff is arrived at Vienna fixnn GratSy 
to follicit that entire liberty for her 
hufband which has fo long oeen pro- 

The Emperor has loft another of lus 
Generals by the deadi of Heniy ^^il- 
liam, .Count de Welzegg, &c, a metn«- 
bcr of the Emperor*s privy-counciL 
one of his Chamberlains, Velt-Mar- 
fhal. General of his forces, bfc. Cj^r. 
in the 74th year of his age. — But CoKuit 
SeckendorfFcontinues in good heahJu 

The Frendi mediation fucceeds ♦ al- 
moft as badly in Corsica as at C6i|- 
ftantinople; for, notwithibndiis the 
repeated accounts from Paris cf the 
CorHcan fubmiifion, their delivering up 
their arms, b^c, h is veiy certain that 
the French troops are pent up, or chufe 
to. remain in Baftia, to prevent smr jor 
fuit from the natives of that iflaiid, 
and that -every day affords frefh exam* 
pies of the. firm attachment of thajt 
people to their King Theiodore, who 
has fb far prevailed upon the affeftioits 
of his fubje6b, as to be equallv revcrM 
by them in his abfcnce, as when he h 
prefent among them : An inftance not 
oonmion in' longer eftabliihM govertt- 

From Madrid we learn, That the 
L, 95,000 fHpukted by the late con-" 
vention has been trammitted to 8ir 
Thomas Geraldino at London; and 
that the Spaniih court every day ex- 
pe6ied the arrival of the AfTogues fleet 
from Buenos Ayres, which is freighted 
with an immenfe treafure. 

His Holinefs of Romb has lately 
given feveral marks of his afieftion tor 
the Chevalier de St. Geoige, who ex- 
prefles the highefk veneration for the 
Hwy Fatlief*ed by vjv^/i^/vi'*- 


Vdt Maiihd de Gmmbkow, Prime 
Minifter to }us Prussian Mzjcfty, 
died htdy at Berlin. 

Five members of the Swedish fe- 
naCe liave been expelled for pradBoes 
againft the intereil of their country. 

Trade is at jnefent more genoally 

TO R r, &c. 

Register of Books. 


THe Philofopher's Stone, or Grand 
Elixir difcovcr'd bv Friar Bacon. 
A letter of ClaadioTolomei, tranila- 
ted horn the Italian ; in which is exa- 
mined. Whether a Prince fhodd puniih 
his Nfagifhates and MiniHers, who, a* 

coiifider'd throughout Europe than was ^nll the duty of their office, have in- 

ever before known; the im{»-ovement jored the people; or rather, cover 

cf manu£i£hixes in France having roosM and conceal their crimes, and, by fome 

ieveral other Powen to embrace every &cret way or other, put a flop to them ? 

oppQrtumty of extending their com- With hiftorical notes, and politiod re- 

jQcroe I By which it is expeded that 
the inmortations at feveral fbrei^ ports 
fiom 6xeat Britain will' not receive any 
omfiderable increaie. 

The crown of Framcb having de- 
manded a liberty of fending the feve- 
lal merchandizes of that kingdom into 
the dominions of the States-General 
duty-free, fome difficulties have arifen 
agsanSt «>nfi)nning to that demand j 
npon which it has oeen reported, that 
farcial battalions of the French troops 
are marching towards the Maefe.— 
Siodd ai^ conteft arife upon this ac- 
count. It will not be eafy to determine 
who moil aflume the mediatorial office. 


The fecond and laft volume (^ the 
Batchdor of Salamanca; written by M. 
le Sage, and tranflated by M! Lochman. 

Truth ; a counteipart to Mr. Pope's 
EfSiyonMan. By Mr. Ayre. price 6d. 

Second volume of Common Soiie 
letters colleded. 

A letter to a Noble Lord, on iqKal- 
ing the Ten Commandments, pr. i s. 

Charaftersi an epi/Ue to A. Pops, 
Efq; and Mr. Whitehead, pr. i s. ' 

The entertaining correspondent, or 
curious relations, c&efled into ^miliar 
letters and conversations, or. lo s. 
PMifi?ed montbhi and now cwecitd. 

finoe France will become it as oddly in The green cloth, or the verge of the' 

a cafe wherein fhe is a party, as on 
ibme other occafiops. 

The States Genekal, as well as 
ieveial European courts, are very much 
chacreen'd at the news of the alliance 
latdy formed between the crowns of 
France and Spain, and at the promo- 
tion of the Archbifliop of Embrun to a 
Cardinal^s cap : It being apprehended 
tbt Cardinaj de Fleury ddigns this 
iVelate, who is of an intrigueine enter- 
piizii^ ^nius, exceeding fubde, and 
very hau^ty, for his fucoeflbr in the 

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T}bJUa*»t^»mmaerA^ StetOim rf tb* /Ah- J^/mm 3 

Blmnt *[ m^, v/imtkt 4,iunipirmMi'^»>itbmtit lb 

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ChartiatrtftM »• S*»-rifii ti**ttititm Mm/ Oi 

Ombt to'hi fimirtid »J« Mnb^Fk^boM/im tiz 

TriMinatlmJefmid l?9 I^^/4%isr iV«wrtrr^f..{^«. •-* 

1iiafiiuiipdi^th0ti>atU» ft. '«w - ». 

C«*4«9^i»'. iyAAiV l6+ D0M1$T1C» HlfTO.KT. 

W^^i. ^ -ib. ^-«^ ^"^ 

l:?f:;:^/?;*^jr*- . t ^^ ^-r . ib. 

tbtCoatbman 167 S*gijler ff Ath 191 

We are Sill in aimtr to fiane of oat OomfiMmdeMs, e^beclidfy Ot^Mi: 


TJl^e Scots Magadne. 

A P R I L, 1739. 

C KAPtsHAN, jfyril 7. fcettter itSfflhtt duu thb iiKbaee fimi 

— «fr militem Ai£r, popdam ^mmitH, IdbHlbfelitt in them, ttM mtlerckoic tt 

S}faaUttm^ mama /hMb^ da^ #ftb h^ It iti his pcNkg^temxA 

timi, feguin d» >( ihtiiire^ nM ifBi^ Aftuiify^ tlttn he Ibther idipofed 

mivirfimi9% cmk pMiffiki fkr duttf^ upon by^ P^ ti frBfitgatn UkA^ wboft 

• Mr fnJcnffH&m ifKi£jha. Cetiti ^W it h to Mend them. 

^f^kriefOmaehk^tOm^kHMA^iiiit^^ tilor, [0r. Z>*yAunri/r/}iid#Befoieme; 

tfrnofisocifebil^Att^fttofif^^- tlbit the iKS»ffr/ of i coUiltiV are lei-^ 

Jattiit^mmm^itmif^acfiHrutfiim^ dM iMffSMkd all ftt onft. T\^ fiefs f 

km. fkfm |imritid« ^iM >vHMfc ^tf'iMr ate leiftifeiy and ilow. Mm»- 

fiahmUmikmf^ fi(^Sh ftttUAs p^ jArft, who hatre it in tibieir thottf^ ti 

pdifiie A n^ iri f ^ M arhumna pdteii^ difti^ ^ iwMiftf ^it fpvtmmtnt, gt 

' ^rni, Cr i^d^d^EM lAagiftfatiitttiii «9 ivork hv il^grees. At firft, thef 

fa«wM kgimt «i»/ilr, fta» tl, ii#- ittakl^ttfebfdieM^^ilH'i^ffl^dirir 

feir, /^iMfliy jpecQliiiMfMkMri)'. tftn pbfiblf MMte, orcfcHiig^ it ia fiici 

TW.inAtaig.Atm.lib. t. «m^, .thitthc^rtjrffilttytiotpc^ 

^ . teite wh«$ It n^ that ^t^ thei/ fetten 

NOf HTifis am gjtfe a fi¥e on. But /i^^ ^e^^ai^ men are torn^d 

MJBr b^Ater Wtfnlng t» ^ «tee, at die fiift amtenifentieaibn, that 

iMt ihttaft ihto SirtM^, All imtfAr ^ a fUct, Their m± 
Ihaft tilte OiQnM daat df btifineft is, to corntftt fiieh jserfens iy 

Ite, lakkr thto Eaiperar Akgu/hu, ia hAte\Btekat^fmei Whbm^dif- 

ll ii hbMdMly defcrfl^'d h]^ ITjrim^, caid, ^Ben raffieieatly talhted: an4 
kittfiltmiikmtiMii^, as hb t!iist)t^do, that the^ee^ma/thMb 

i^i k aiiD&Br paOb^ ^M thfc a«iC- srU^HanJthtda&ki ffhkh ftanikaIty<lHvth 

mdrfMiytetothfeIlti(«iBltltf<ttie: them to ibllow thdife bniy^ iiHio are iJn 

^ AdUlB i«iyV]i»>r«iftMrCairf^ j^0«^, and #hD caa do them good. 

'^^i^Eifiimiyimftiaf^fii^tifii^yMih Aftenvards, diey get fi^om the hatioh 

^^i^/^Mfifmtmts^Thatk, all t^MBtoQFCheydtxi; thero&^f^dr 

" tut at Xaiar mef a]l ralh*d heaA&ag tt^ichemft5aftg » JH ^Aji^) i fj ,A<<d otatea 

te 5*Jb«w9^ die Co^l^y tha J^oft, thehi a htanber fitmitdelUit who, ih 

4a 6iNiH» anitiariBomdfcfafMl anjr «w^^An^^^nr, ate their cMeffbiengtA^ 

Cim waa, fte mmt Mdf atid apt tb Md beft iiippmt. By dife tSftributtoh 

BtaaaidlMftiieiittfdMtoffii^dib of theft funs, they likeWife-ihalceiiMMr 

!^ax«ahAiittti4ii of hkctttoitry.*' - JHtfuki bat bcigg tietcr out of fao- df 

fwMnt I&y^ Caapvcay5'#ir/€ai* * Ya ^• 

• •^ * * • Digitized by Vjv_/i_^vi\w 

,48 n^eekly ESSAYS /» A P R I L 1739; 

mecamttn^far all at laft^ their princi- otmom and tmtm wis once ib ftcved^ 

pi aim iSy to procare their tnafter fuch 

a /landing refvinui as mav make him 

fabfiil, without the P^^^ help. If 

they find this impoflible, or difficult, 

then by accufaiionSf by exorbitani fr^ 

teedings^ withoQt any precedent, and 

by haraffing ffrhoate perfims^ eitiier in 

their /tf9if or firtune, they endeavour 

to make all the different ranks of the 

feofU out of love with, their andent con^ ftm heretofore ^complained of, thef 

Jtitutiom. But when they have done all fliould have a band offenfiuun^ rtsiaf 

ihooki come to rain a fociety of tra- 
£ng men, and at one Uow delfaoy fliunjr 
hundred femilies ; if old fFhigs (hbOU 
perfuade any fiHire Prince to dofet 
memiers, as was done in the fncte£mr 
reignsi if, by their power, theylhonfl 
get men tura*d out of emfk^mems^ for 
purfuinff the didates of their 'cenfiienct 
and unlkrftandingi if, like the 

this, they will not yet think themielves 
quite out of danger: Sena/us bf fefmht 
mnnfuam AJcura nominm, etfi altfuande fay-mafier 

to give up awf right, to grant iotffimf^ 
and to ^cttie, nay even to vote thtir^, 
pay^naker - thanks fir any mal-admrn* * 

^hmhrentnr. Tacit, I. 2. 

.will ftill lie under apprehenfions of be 
ing reachM at laA, oy the guardians of 
l£arty, Thereibre, to damp all thoughts 
ofjfreedm, to influence, the Ifetter fort, 
and to awe the tm^ar, their Jaft work 
is, to procure a fianding army* 

Dr. D'*Avenant fpoks this only, 
npon the fuppefition of fome future 
ecrrupt times: and I apply it acamlii^- 
ly; for no body can iuppofe me to 
-mean the frejent. —7 In the fame man- 
Aer, and with the fame honeft view, 
Jhe reafons in another place, on the fup- 
pofition that the principles of each fartf 
are fuch as he ibtes them ; whicn, if 
true, I think them fo juft, and fo ap- 
pofite to my prefent purpofe, that I am 
lure all my unbiaisM readers will be 
plea&d with a quotation of them; 
which are as folknvs : 

IfeU Whigs fhould hunt %^f places, 
as much 1^ ever the Teries did; and if, 
like themf upon preferment, they ihould 
l)ecome quite n^w men, in voting, think- 
ing, and fpeaking, in a moment ma- 
king a fudden turn fiom the whole couiie 
of Uieir firmer liwsi if old Whigs, as 
the Tories did, ihould ever tBkehriies 
and penfions to betray their truft; if 
they fliould do any thing to break into 

They flratiem if the o!d Whigs IhonU rri^ 

ftore to men die fame d^hm^ hdtrm 
they had heretofore ; if th^ flioid{ 
confume us in their mim/hrial andfep 
us in thdx legifiative ci^acitj^; iftkar 
ihouM defire to have things govert^ 
rather by tricks and little arts, thanac*' 
cordine to the diredion of the lumt^i 
orihehmtoftb€pefki ifthev,wk^; 
upon the virtuous pfmciple of kacpiqr , 
Englandzfree cmisetfy, in fomer tinfes^ i 
oppofed tfZf excifis, ihould be tirou^ ' 
to create fo many nfw ^fiand effiarip 
as may influence ehOimt roond 010 
kingdom ; if they, who heretoiiit 
thoiwht the beft wav to preferve tlMir 
cruilrwhtsvnAy to Keq> thefary^, aai 
have ahvays fomething to gkte, ihodi 
be for ietding foch an immen/e revewmi 
on the cronvn, as may make parBamtntt 
unneceflaiy; if th^, who were fo cM* 
fill, in the reign of K. Charks IL Mt 
to burthen the natkm with /tf4«r, ihoitf 
give away the peepld"^ weahh, as f 
England were a mine of tredfure, nen^ 
to be exhaufled : — If in this maamf 
the old Whifs, whofe fbrefight andcoor 
rage hath hitfaeito pieferrd SuglandL 
ihould quite change their minds, ai4 
go thus retrograde nom all their^^nair^ 
%eeches, aSHonSf and counfilsi if thef ' 

the Habeas corpus o^, which is the chief ihould thus come to dotne themiehti 
guardian of our /f^/w; if theyihodd with the foul, ridiculous, and 

oppofe any good aA for ^frequent ft- 
Hug ^parliaments, which want in our 
'confhtutbn prodncM all oxu former ms- 
.firiesc'-IftBS the Tories did, they ihotdd 
ieod their emij[aries zhoat, to influenoe 
or Gorrupt<i5ri^iar/; jfoidwhigs, to whcMA 

garments of the Tories, and give ia 
the tuor/i ^ their meafiores ;. and if \ 
that luith been here mentioned, iho 
happen, then wouU the cm^fiihetim < 
tbii fMw«7 be ottdiy fobrated. 


.' 'K^\j\jy\s^ 

iTeeify ESSATS in ATJLtL if^g^ 149 

'fluis fir the l>t£hr leafons upcm a hot no inoxie than what will help td 

keep ettr chains the£ifleron. T^r^wr- 
nr/i bxwe been often fubverted, wher^ 
the Princes govern fnerely by iieir owti 
tviU, without giving to thfeir j^tjeBi 
the leaft appearance oifbeii^,^. But 
tUfs abfihat nmmircbits are hanfiy to 

(bppofitiQi!, which I hope will never 
betfaeofe, that the «iV ^%/ Ibould 
beoonie k dqiravedand oormpt ; but 
I thmk him a little deficient in iu>t 
pOiDtBigoat fome remedy kisjikh a 
Urrihk ^^mf»r^ if it (houid eVtr hap- 

poL Ife lecommettds, indeed, tne 

craflaat attcndanosof wasiers (f far- 

hamnt^ in order to prevent it : imt» 

mthecalb be fuppoles, tsi^ctmtftitatr 

fritf in par&amlmt, go vern ed bf fin- 

ttty fgnfioms^ and brtbesi of what life 

vooldDc theattemfanKe^tf MMMrKf^r, 

iho may bave fbi«gled for many yearly 

ininfl a wrmktmnmfiion^ and found 

w their endeavours to ierve their ooun- 

tiyof noefied? Of what uie was the 

fiutteaf^ Rmr, under Jngn/hu, Tiie- 

msj and their fuc^eflbrs ? Wby, it 

was fi> &r from doing the pnpk any 

i pod, or retrieving their meinst Uber- 

hrx,diatitfervedoidy to rivet on their 

dtidm, and ianftiiV all the vik actions 

of the En^firtrrs, unar /avmfrites, and 

cieiffiij. Tliere were^ perhaps, feve- 

tad fmatnrs^ of good jprivate <ufpo6ti- 

eos, in the reigns or Tiherius, CaH* 

pkf and Nero ; but what would their 

oppofoion have Unified, againft a moft 

tmefi vsAflawi^ mmpriiy^ except ez« 

pofingthexnfelves to the leTentment of 

vxe^ntraryteehufier^ wbo govekned his 

tt^, and vvas fopported by him ? It 

Bcmain, at leaft, that the fill of ^/-^ 

jomu^ ds iniamoua minifter of TH^- 

rtus^ was not owii» to the virtue of 

! the fin^ : for whSil he continued in 

I tiK Enifem^^ fivour; the^^«a/#ador'd, 

I ttti even deified him ; but as foon as 

72&owf withdrew his finilesy and fent 

a letter of Gom]^nt againft himi they 

ounediatdy eave him up, to be torn 

inpiNes, wiu the fin^ fervility as 

, th^ before voted ^4#cr/ for him, and 

•▼en (wore by his name. 

Bat God forbid, as Dr. B'Aventint 
chferves, that the condition of ^me^ 
when TAerius aflumed the empire, 
fluold ever be the caie of England ; 
fcr our conftitntion will be entirely 

be (hakeni and tbaiferwinde b 1 
wbete iSbt paple, arfc left tt> make tbeii^ 
hwn fetfers. — Inanbthinr nlaceofthd 
fame difcoorfe, he fpeaks Uius s 

When cmiftUn hath ifciaed ttpoil 
the Tefrekntatrves ef the fefie, it is« 
like a cmnical iiftafi^ hanUy to be 
rodsd out; When ftim)lk cm^anci 
uAflatten^xmt to i»tdominate, things 
proceed from bad to worfe, till at hft 
Che government is quite diffi^ved. Ab^ 
fAae mnarchies are in danger of gttaC 
convulfions ; whenMr#sM«, ibioi Prince^ 
happens to be weak or wicked. But 
t em smt e w eakbs, ox mixt cen/titMti$ns,9X6 
fife, till the chief part of the ka^Mng 
men are debauched in principles. How-» 
ever, menareky hath this advant^^ 
that ihteneman^ their Prince^ is mor- 
tal I and, if bady mav be fuoceeded by 
a heHer. But a f^Uy thoit>uehly cor- 
rupted, never return to their right rea- 
fon: andweiee, that the depravity of 
mann)^, which began in Rmey pre' 
fently after the jecmiPunick tiun-t a* 
mongft the 7y^f% and G/ji^y^ became 
every year worfe and worie i tiU at 
laft Cf/ar deftroyed the common- 
wealth : and; after his timt, under the 
fuooeeding Bxn;pam,ttfefy ^nate grew 
more abje£l and complying than the 
other ; till, in procefs ottimcy the 
eU Reman Jfirit was utterly extinguifh- 
ed ; and then that enfire^ by degrees^ 
became a prey to barbaroos nations. 

If aH the farts ef a fiate da not^ 
with their utmoft power/ promote the 
fnblick good i if the Prince hath other 
aims than the fifity and wdfire of hit 
country ; if fuch as reprefent the/00- 
jft^ do not preferve their cousage and 
mtegrity ; if the nation^s treajhre i» 
wal&d J ifminijiers are allowed to un- 

^ dennine the ci^^stfio* with imponi* 

fcft, when fuch a cermpiien happ^. ty ) if jnd^es are foflered to pervert 
We may, indeed, prefcrvethc nasmf juftice, and witft tha Isnv, then is a 

^k^) and (bme oi its onfward firms 1 


Uicjitif^ by XJV.J'V^/V l\^ 

I50 mekly ESSAYS in 

ndxt^overmmni the gri^ttfi gantry in 
d!e world. It is a (^/zmry eftablifhed 
byakw: It is authorifed hycoHfevti 
and fuch a people 9J« bound hyfittirs 
tjf their 9wn making. A tyranwf^ that 
florenis by ^fw^rd^ hath few friends 
but mm of the fw9rd : but a bgal 9- 
rmnnyy where the i)eople arc only called 
to confirm ink|uity with tbnr own 
<w9fVi*/y hath on iu fide the Wn&» the 
fear/ult the latsf} thofe, who know 
the laHv, and get by it; smihitious 
ehurchmin. and all thofe, whofe lively- 
hood depends lupon the quiet poilure 
ef afiiin : and the (mrfons her^j^- 
icribed compofe liie influencing^ part 
of ttioft nations ; io i^tfiub a tyrmi- 
19 is hardly to be ihaken oflF. — Men 
Biay be (aid to be enflaved by Zo^w, or 
their 9wm cwjeuty under cflrrifr rtfu- 
tlicksj liich as was the Bmmm cmmnm- 
nueakhy firom the time of CinnM till the 
attempts of Cafar ; and, under dege- 
merate mixt g§vernmeut49 fuch as Pemi 
was, irhilft the Et^ors made a fhew 
of ruling by law, but with an aw'd 
iaad c$mifted fenate : to which form of 
government England was almoft re- 
doced, till K^ William, of ever-glori- 
oos and immortal memory, came over, 
to out mr Uiertiej upon a firm and 
ibble foundation. 

Thefe quotations from D^Jvenantt 
and fome remarks upon them, may 
pofiibly give the mintfierial adoocatfi 
an haiKlle to fuggeft that I defign a 
panllei between former and frej^nt 
times. They have a peculiar privi- 
lege of abufing Gentlemen, even of the 
greateft di(tinaion, who are out of the 
mimfiry : but I am not at liberty to 
defoid them at prefent » though I prer 
ftmie the Gentlemen will take apmper 
opportunity gf vindicating themjelves, 
and make the people ui&rftaad the 
ceaiboableneis of their kte condudt. 

Universal Spectator, jfyrUj. 

Fidols of different Conflexionj. 

' I HIere are fome men who either 

J[ h&re, or afied to have, fuch an 

obftinate averfion to every abfurd, odd, 

^oroonceited charaficr, ;hat they makf 

APRIL 1739^ 

themielves almoft as ridicufeus, by Aeir 
exoeflivedelicacy,as they reprefent thoA 
veivhumorifts tobe, whom thev fb cor* 
diaUy defpifi^ and ib indufbioufly ^roSL 
Invite them to a party of pkaiiire a- 
broad, or an evening^ entertainment at 
homr, they enquire as fcmpuloaily into 
your company, as a higotted Roman Ca« 
tholick would into your bill of Cut m . 
Lents andif anyooeofdiefeimperth 
nent ii^;redientB ihould be fbond in il^ . 
however unexceptionable the reft, likOv^ 
garlick it poifons the whole houie; aol'i 
they wouM nommebepmraikdoDtv., 
vi6t yoo, than if you had ^ plagye,flf ^^ 
diey were fore to catch the very frmf ». 
folljes or ftupklitiea they reprehoDded ^s. 
feverely in others. Henoe, if by aocH . 
dent they ftumfaleintoftraag^coinpaayf 
they fit as uneafily as a mifer amoag . 
thieves ; and, aa ibon as ever dcoenar 
will give leave, harry off with aamoci^ 
joy and precipitation as ^osirv I« wboi , 
he was iet nee fiom the captivity' of 
his moft implaodile enemr Chmrks Y. 
Hence, when entertained oy thofe tky 
love beft and eftoem moft, when in ttis 
highefl fpirits, and in a manner om« 
flowing with chearfidnefs and good ha« 
mour; at theveryfirftappeacanoeofa 
ncwfiKae,aIlisdamptatonce: they be- 
come, inftantly, dumb as the andent 
erades; and not only look on tlie Ann* 
ffer as an intmder, but an enemy. Tlun 
thev grow as fufpkious as oldf tyia&t% 
as nam tobe pkafed, expeft to be ha«. 
moored as much, bring the curie of e< 
very man's follv they encounter upoa 
themielves, and put it in the power of 
fortune to rob them of all the pleafinv 
of free and friendly oonveriadon. 
There is another fpedes of men, la 

who coafider life as an irreg^dar fiiices 
and who make it their bofiiMis to laogh 
at eveiY a£br that appears, and every 
fcene that paflb. To thefe, folly, af- 
ieAation, and abfurdity (rf'aU forts, are 
the whole (alt of ibciety ; and, onk6 
both their meals and compotations are » 
sefbed with their darling ridicule, nei* 
ther has their dnerelifh; andthqrcaJI 
it thodmdjeery of lift, without ai^" ^ 

• Digitized by VJV,J'i_/ VI v^ 

tTeekly ESSAYS /* A P R I L 1739. 151 

tftf emertamment. Coxcombs cf all t have often concluded both equally r^. 

Ibrtsaiebat fo maDV boilbons andMer- 
iv-Aadicws to malcethein fpoit, and 
taeircsrtravagant aftions bot k many 
extempore interiudes ; whid^ asriiin^ 
iom vm mitiue, alfbrd, fay they, more 
CRiptnte pleafore, tl&an the moft mafter- 
\f OBI tstions of the ereateft genius in 
Ae world. -^ I once knew a gentleman 
vftb was perfedly infatuatedwith pun- 
Aits of this nature ; infomach that he 
id not- content himfelf wkh lying in 
«Dt for fbolsy bot made it his vhole 
k&tefs to huiit them out ; being more 
ittibd wfth fbuting frefh game, and 
psnin^ them down, as he odled it, to 
AGge his fiends, than with all the o- 
ther enjoyments diat flatter the ambi- 
tbo, luxmy, or vanity of mankind. 
Re that gave him the iirft hint of fnch 
&«e, was leoeived with (tieh extrava- 
eant acknowledgments, as if he had 
DiQoeht him news of the higheft hap- 
nnefi'that cooid poffiMy be^ him. 
From that moment his whole thoughts 
were employed in fetting out this new 
tiicacy to the beft advantage: he ir-^ le 
intereft to be acquainted wkh hir> . s he 
fiefired to have the hrniour of being 
Bambered among his fnends} anc^ 
wimhe was become thoroi^My maftef 
of irn blind iide, he made a msgniiicent 
entertainment, complimented the fool 
of die i&y as the principal goefl, and, 
vttk the greaLtefl gravi^ imaginable, 
^ him op for the butt and'lauehhog- 
Mi of the whole table. This was 
^ efenent ; here he was in his b'l^* 
^ ; and, *till the humour was ouite 
tiAaniled, or a new vein intn^rec^ no 
toofideratioB could prevail wi^ him 
te^itover: though hischarafler, 
M^ or even his lire lay at fbdce. — 
^ thoif h he had foch an admirable 
^^ in discovering and expofing the 
fi^SciOQQs in others, be had not the leafl 
^Pprehea&m, that all this ^ile he 
^^> to the fun, as ridiculous himfelf. 
^ ^ I^igM at the expence of ano- 
*»nwr8 miderifamdirg, ^twas like- 
^^the irreparable roin of his own 
*^* : If the Imtt was fbved up as the 
pnadtaldiOiattiiefe^^^ hepasddear- 
T^ftb^fewice; and, forroy own part. 

femblad the TWO loocerheads m 
the fign ; and that he who called fudi 
intempemte fiiolicks wit, would be jofl* 
ly intitled to read the uncouth rhimes 
generally wrote beneath them *. 

But this is not the only charader 
which ofiends by experiments of this 
nature: there is another much more 
dangerous, as 'tis eitlier blended with 
malice, or adminiflers fatirfe fo cxqm- 
fitely diflembkd, that you miftake it 
for advice ; and, by making a compli- 
ment to the judgment of your pretnid- 
ed friend, link, unawares, into the mofb 
fatal abfurdities. This belongs to him 
who gravely affeds to difcovcr talents 
and abilities in you, that you never pre- 
fumed to flatter yourfelf with before s 
who af&rta you are too modeft, too 
diffident I that no body better deferves, 
or would (b well become, or can fe ea« 
fil^ procure preferment 1 that yoor 
^enos wonder you do not apply* and 
rather condemn you as one above being 
obh'ged, than applaud you for not be^ 
ing troubleicme. If tlie bait takes, 
and, by your unguarded tranijports at 
all thele fine things, *tis manifell yon 
wait but for a htde more encourage- 
ment; he denches all, bv pointing •ut 
what to* a(k, and who will be proud of 
being your patron ; takes care to put 
yoo on a wrong ibent in both ; refers 
you to that very creature who will treat 
you woi^, and perfuades you to follicit 
the only thing you are moil unfit for i 
and, when you are become ridiculous to 
his heart's content, not only joins tht 
laugh, bot begins it all over the town. 

There are, however, kudable ufes 
to be made of this ironical vein ; for 
example, when it is employed with an 
honeft intention toeure the foibles of a 
friend, without alTuming the felf-fuffi- 
dent chani£ler of a forma] advifer i or 
when 'tis extorted by way of fclf-de- 
fence ; that is, when impertinence he- 
comes troubleibme, and you have no 
way to make yourfelf amends, but by 
turning it into entertainment. — This 
was the cafe of a friend of mine, who 

Z a -^^,^^T^^* 
* We three, LoccEauBAo^Bc. 

152 fFeekly ESSATS f» A P R I L 1739; 

)iad invited me todine with him at hb heroff wkh focha pralttfioii of 
Jodnngs ibme years ago. He was a ' 
bailor, not an old one, tolerably 
))aiidrome» and in eafy dicnmBanoes. 
His landlady^ a gay widow, though qn 
wards of for^ 1 and |ier niepe, a coquet, 
pf Ml^lf tnatagCy were oar ODmpany 
^ table ; wbw w^ had not been fet 
pian^ minutcsy before I difcovered a 
inanifeft ryyaiihip between the two lar 
di^ for niy friend's heart; tl)^ amo- 
rous dowager overwhelming him with 
dvilfti^ and complin^ts ; while her 
niece^ touched to the quick that he did 
PQf repulfe her too forward advances* 

pertly upbraided him with wan^qftafie . . , .. 

pd diicenifpenl; an^ appealed to me her laroets andqnon-ftrii^ then 
\f love, and g^dlantry were not prepo- oat of the room as her niece had 

flatteries, thatlbeguitofearfhewoialti 
forget there was a third perfon in oomr 
my, and indulge her raptuics at feme 
little eamnoe of decorum. But mj n»- 
ptehenfions were ibon removed : ran 
m^ friend (not being aware of the fiti»- 
atipn of a large looking^ghfsy wJudi 
was placed fp luluckily, as to eivc hcqr 
a full fight ii )us fiue, when £er ows 
feem'd to be turned a dilpacnt wmy^ 
yviSt at this moment tint the i^uik om 
me, with (b arch a Iook, as explained 
the whole faroe at once i on which * 
lady fell into a confiifipn not tt> be < 
pid^ed, £ddled[ a moment or two 1 

fterous on the wtcmm; fide of fifty. At 
fhis mvqking affnmt the aunt red- 
^*a ; I was at a I0& which fide to 
lake, and Mifs put on airs pf triumph, 
asif file was fnrepf her c^uie; when 
iny fi-iend, with an infinite dpd of hur 
mour, took oocafion to fay fo many 
handfbme things of his kindhuly, and 
with fuch a fiuse of finoerity, as not on- 
ly ip-ai|iued her, but enid>led her to 
fum the tables fo effedually upon her 
niece, that fherpfe from dinner abn^- 
)y, quitted the rpofn without takms 
leave, and ihut the door after h#r with 
fuch violence, as fhook the houfe. £r 
late with this vi£bry, the good dows^;qr 
grew fo ridiculouflv vain, that (he en- 
lertained us by the nour with the whole 
fharafler and adventures of her nieoe ; 

S»]ayed a}l her ^glts, levities, and 
cariia^ to the beft advantage, and 
totally forgot the rdation to expofe the 
rival; <<In(hort,Gendenien, [laysfhe, 
very ferioufly, by way of fifufhing 
ftrokej for all fhe is fo pert, (he never 
had a lover in her life who did not de* 
iert her the very inftant they had an op: 

portunity of making their addrefles to , ^ 

me. *Tis true, her fbrtun^ is depend- world fhould lave a value for him ?P{ 

before her, and, immediatdy, fem im 
a iervant to defire my niend to provides 
himfelf with loc^in^ and fixMs cUer 


Common Sen sb, .4^/ 14. 

Defence of the Convention, &c. 

T Value myfelf not a little upon bs-r 
X ving been the fixfl perfon who m- 
dertook to juftify our excellent M«— -i? 
with refped to the prefent jneliniiaaiy 
convention ; and I mav, without rskj 
nity, add, that I am the only one> cm 
that fide the queflion, to whom ^q 
wodd hath given the leaft attention. ? 
. Upon fefmid thoughts, I will except 
a pamphlet, intitled, Afirin of wf- 
dm and tol^y ; whkh I recommeiKlr ^ 
becaufe the^author's fentimcnts happen 
to fquare with my own. ^| 

It is true, thegreatman hadi, opo^' 
this, as well as upcm all other ooai£^ [ 
ons, founded forth his ow|i pndfe^ \ 
himfelf: for which he hadi my ap« J 
probadon. If a man doth not fhown 
the world, that he hath a value fei) ] 
himfelf, how can he expert that the 

ent i and mine, fuch as it is, iny qwn ; 
but I h^ve been affured over and over 
again, that was no part pf the confi- 
deration. " Here the good lady toafted 
iny friend's health in a bumper ; anc) 
he, on the other hand, carried on the 
1^ wit^ fo JDU^ fuUreli| and |play'4 

If it be laudable for a man to «ve hixn-* j 
felf food and raiment when he want 
them, by the fame rule he ought 
give himfelf piaife when he wants it. 

His dedaring himfelf a man of partS|i9 
Qiighc ^ partif»larly necefiary at this! 


Digitized by 'V* V.J'^^/ V l%^ " * ^ 

meUy ESSATS itt APRIL 1739. 

onSuSf in Older to itwowt the inpFti' 
fiDnsoftoontiaiy oacure, whkhtbine 
Jate afiin may have made of Um in 
the feveal coarts of Eurtpe. - 

Amnd aikd above its kvd with 
ah^hideaof its own nietit,.cuiiiot 
M of iome adnmen. What doth it 
mi, that men of fenfe defpifc him ! 
henaot to be diverted fr(»n' his pur* 
foits b^ the fco^ of miliioDS. Give a 
JBaaFRiiity enough, andnothing will 
m hiaa.ottt of amnteoance ; which 
ttth been of fiogolar qfe to our mat 
asm upon (everal attacks, and nath 
vt a little OQDtribated to mortify the 

, To come to the point: Allhismea- 
faes have been ftnmatized with the 
Senteel epithets oTcomfe, and igm- 
naif and hiuadtrinr ; whidi is owiiuf 
tDtke preiodice of the woild, that wifi 
not lead thofe incomparable papen 
aad pamphlets given gratisy and writ- 
teaby lumielf, his next relation, and . 
fire and fifty other ingenious g^tk- 
men, forty of whom are now learning 

I thenfere humUy move, that Mr. 
pi^orii^^iM/ihall write notesup- 
on evay paper and pamphlet that is 
^ven away gratis ; the publick mojft 
pay it. Ihave heard people lay, and 
with gieat lelentmenty If nobody will 
write,, or ^peak, or — for him, with- 
OBt being paid ; why ihouki he expefi 
tbat any body ihouk} read for nim 

In the mean time, I will take up 
thecQC^ in his defoiice ; and, hl^vipg 
^ laid it down as a maxim. That 
ptace is better than war, without an 
OK)epti<m in any cafo whatfoever, I 
Will, upon this foundation, raife a bat- 
^> from whence I hope to demolifli 
all the arguments of th(B maleoontents. 

It bath been objeapd. That what 
lictwixt the negotiations of one Gentle- 
nao abroad, a^ themcafurei of anor 
1^ at home, the natipn is neither be- 
*<^ nor fbued ; and that one of them 
jndidedared, in the prefence of isve 
hun4tdpeHbn9, that we have neither 
friends, nor allies, nor money to gq 
tPVgr: by >yhich, lay the male(x>n^ 

tents, they fiand condemned by their 

So &r liom being oondemaed, I 
think they deforve the hkheft piaife % 
for if tliQT have managed foweU, that 
we Jiave neither friendis, nor allies, nor 
money, to£ot<>war, we may dqmd 
upon a folid and lafting peace. 

If the Zpofumrds have play*d the 
fooly andnndeufeofthis timetoform 
alliances and lave money, they may 
be mad enough to. go to war : and 
much goodmay it dp them. I hope 
our M have made our iafety per- 
petual, and managed fo wifely, that 
we never may be in a condition to go 
to war. 

For which reafon, no man, who ia 
alover of peace and high taxes, wfll 
gradgr the money that bath been kid 
out upon unadiye fquadrons, as wdl 
as up^ a pacificic Handing army ;fince 
the very expences maybe ma^ ofeof 
as an aigument hereafter, that we 
ought not to go Ui war. I can not 
only juilify the meafures, but I think 
I can alfo inftify thereafons given for 
tbofe mealures. 

It hath been iaid. That we ought 
not to go to war, becaufe the event o£ 
war is uncertain ; and. When war is 
begun, no body knows when it will 
end. Thefe are wife fayings, worthy 
of the wife men who debver them ; 
and may be applied to feme other pre* 
tended grievances, as well as war, par- 
ticularly the decay of trade. I hope, 
therefore, our merchants will take no- 
tke, that the event of trade is fuU aa 
uncertain as the event of war : That 
when (hips are fent to fea, nobody can 
tell when they will return, or whethes 
they will ever return, or not: for 
wbich wife reafon let them forbear 
fending iliips to fea. If they are ta- 
ken by Guarda Co/las, or deftroyed by 
tempeib, not only the merchant, but 
the nation lofes. — It is newly difco- 
vered to be a vulg^ error, That mer- 
chants are ufefiil to a commonwealth ; 
I hope, therefore, that all men will 
fay, with the friends of the excellent 
peifon pf ^ham w* ^^ writings that 


Uigitizecl by Xj K^fK^JW ISJ ■ 

154 ff^eekfy ESSATS /« A P R I L 1739. 

tbe gnsateft bkffiif wlMch can happen ^ht of tbofe that had invt^jxl ,^tt 

CD a tradine nation i5^ to lofe its trade. 

If oar Sxffj Coloiiioi ftould be fuf- 
iered to ton to deoav, it may be JHiti^ 
fied b^ the likcgooa kiSt. And heie 
I cannot forbear making a complimeflt 
to the modeftf and pm>ljck ipint of 
that numeioiis and worthy body called 
fkce-men : to them I am beholding for 
thefe inoomparable argumentts and 
will pay all ciue regatd to another veiy 
laae difeoirery of theii% That the na- 
tion would be better without cokmka 

I will allow, that while they are in 
a flourifhi^oondidon, the inhabitants 
are worth fkecing ; and therefore they 
might be of uie in one rdTpe^t. — If a 
Genttenuui, who had been a true 

dradge to a M , had ruined him- 

lelf by whores or by dice s to give him 
an ifuuid to launder, in order to make 
himielf wh<)fe a^in, is venr right.— 
The colonies might be of'^the famt 
nfe of Hma^hw Heath to the Gentle'^ 
men of Induftry, after an ill run at 
Hazard l — but whenever the gover- 
nors (hall (hear fo dofe, that the flodc 
will be no more worth fliearing, let the 
French or Staniards take the ooionies^ 
if they will. 

As to the colony of Ge$rgia^ the 
malecontents ask» If our right te it 
was doubtful, why was it fettled and , 
maintained at fb vafl expence to the 
nation ? If it is not donbtial, is it not 
infamous to fuifer it to be difputsed ? 

I'o this it may be anfwered, That^ 
without coniidering whether our right 
was good or not, a new colony might 
be neceflary at that time. — Soon aKer 
the South'Jka yro^ had taken elKed^ 
it was not fafe to walk the ftreets, fm' 
fear of havii^ one^s neck broke by the 
fall of fome unhappy fufierer, who was 
throwing himfelf from the top of a 
houie ; which was occafioned for want 
of a new colony, to remove there at 
the publick charge. Now the Cha- 
ritatle Corporation, York Buildingi, and 
fome other oroje^ very advantageous 
to certain friends of our great man, 
mieht make a new colony neceflary, in 
orcfer tocany the fufl«rers out of the 

falves with tkar wtmf. *<— If k flm 
be MoeHafv w give it 1^ Cmimiimm 
near, let them repair thither. 

The reducing w daims of tlie mc 
dMttts, hath hMtt anotlKr liibjed< 
complaint; which, in mv opinion, d 
makconteats have anmeved then 
felves s for they We infinnated, du 
it waa to be pak from henoe. -—Iff 
the bweria^wM ledoc^d, d^ better. 

They have been chamd with ifaeii 
ieg n(> rMd to the incEflatieiia of di 
people, whrnaswifeminiftenwittJai 
auMir their very piejudioeit ^ 

The charge is ^;nwndlers and OBJel 
The people's ptejedic^ have been U 
ixA^ in many inflances.-«--They imM 
nrnudiced againft a Stamdhtg an^s | 
IS therefere calkd a Latulfirca. — Cd 
mnJfarUi is a word ciinr cannot eaduirj 
it is changed into PlemftumUaies,^ 
They have been £ck of 7>M«tfi; wheift 
Ibie this is calM a Cmvemim.—Wh^ 
VTOuld the^ have moref They ai0 
Chaiged with letting flip eveaH aaij 
circumflances ^vonrable to their oood 
try,— -That while Spain, m a»jun£dotf 
with Frmnti and SartUnia, wnsiedudn^ 
the exorbitant power of the Hoofe or 
An/kia, they neither fooooorVi our Aft* 
tundally, nor fo noch as obtained ftr 
dsfii^ion from ^aitt for onr merdMuiOL 

To this it may be anfwered, Thil* 
it woald have been impertinent to havfj 
troobled them at a time thrar hands war 
full; if therefore we waited tyi thef < 
hadnoChingeUee^do but to anfwv^ 
ns, it was very dvil, and wipes olFfil ' 
afj^en hud imon om- M-*— of hii 
beine an itt-lned perfbn. 

They art chai^with rendriag dii^ 
naval power of &^iUW deleft. 

If it he'nfriefs, it Is afign weareoi 
no danger; which I take to be a coii*1 
pliment to our M-^^. 

They ^y, our navy, ^idMCh wasoaii 
oarglory, is become ow fharae. 

lids I deny. We have gain'd ad 
fmall reputation by the elorkas Am I 
it hath made i^n feverafoccafioitt: I ^ 
hope, therefore, let our afl^drs be i»* 
ver f9 VftH f^tdedj that anniverfaiy 

Digitized by vj\_iK_;v IV • m^^ '^ 

UTriilf ESSjarS in 

Itfts win 431 be ftttad cNit.*— I fluMiU 
lot be difpkaied, if we ihould mn a- 
lout tbe woM, like S^vajfor^, wick 
Igor laiw-ibews. MetKbWs it w^uld 
Ife gloans to fee a fleet failing up the 
Ma&ar^Memm^ dofe along mm, tbe 
Mmiml ifamding appn deck, and caU 
hgoat, O rarejb^, Jtnejbfiw! wi» 

As to the fcaicity of money com-' 

ed of, which is impaled to tbe 
BUS on tiade> and tbemeafuresof 
IP^ years paft» If it be true, I look 
bo it as the groa^ i^cffiiMr of all ; 
pmooey is the root of afi evil.— « 
Here-rv^ that is, c»S5 and trouble 
icfld it. If it be gotng, we may iay, 
iwu oar care; and wHat lofs is it to 
kiid of eaee? Let fuoceeding admi- 
lilntioiis look to it: When tax-men 
iollvifit OS htrcafter« we may 
itthem* aa the Philofopher.dso at 
Akvcs who broke into his hooie at 
liria'. As Jdiey weie peeping into eveiy 
Itte and comer with their dark lan- 
tem, helaaghM oat. They aikine 
)m wbat he laughM at ? be anfwer*(^ 
litiioot tbe leaft conoerD, To fee you 
look £ar ouxoey here at nighl» when I 
Qa fad none in the day. 

Wknthkplagne, called JMM19, iball 
love the laacC conftenticHis will ceafes 
aadanrioe, 1^ inoft fordid of all vi* 
ae^ wSl be no more: The meichant 
ailloeafe to wander loand the workl 
Ik gun* the nigged mariner ihall nlow 
ide iea DO more, the fiu-mer will pay 
nicat, and the landlord maft live as 

hifteadofcnrfesaadjrepiiQaches, let 

iiBoferinoenie'to oar moft excellent 

i M r- r; let no maniay, G — d — % 

Un. The changes he hath bioi^fat 

I to ps&aie wonderful: Ibr, behdd, tbe 

||DUeii affe is setuming once again: 

ifiifaxd bath fled tbat pkce, where 

' lever, till this ha|^ time^ were nien 

tf the £une i^iinion: No jarring, no 

^te is heard* within thole happy 

*i&; Peace, unity* and concord, have 

^nvcaooncendoli thence, and there is 

but ene mind in many men. Wheiri- 

^ Jet «B wekome tbe goiden age, 

M EP^ the wifdom which hath 

APRIL in^. tsi 

brongbtthiswoiiderfiilcban^toj^ * 
There are one fet (xf men, who, per^ 
ha]ps, may kiok a litde diiamtented a6 
this hapi^ foene; theie are the inftru^ 
mtntti^ m^ifin, Jt^Hciy minifterial tools 9 
fer when all oppofition iball ceaie, the 
meroenaries moft M greatly in their 
price; and we may fay of them as a 
man of «dt &id of another fuck gaif ia 
an iffland not fiir Weft of OS, 

When the rogues their country JUece^ 
May theyjhate their fence a-piece. •' 

Universal Spectator, -4in7i4, 

Skwffy nviS begin at C ^r, 

ACompIeat courfe of Exferimentsj 
Love. In which the whole na- 
ture andmechanifm of that paf&on (con- 
fiding of its general and fpecial proper- 
ties, and its general and ipecial eiterEb) 
will be e^lained, in a manner entire]/ 
new, proper and ufefol. 

Maflcr of that ndble fdence, Doaorof 
Love, in the two fiunous onivet^ies of 
Piipboi and Cyprus^ and High-prieft of 
Femtsi who has his diplomata ready to 
be nemied by any Gentleman who can 
icaa Heatben-Gritky the language in 
which th^ are always written ; and 
who will be, at alliaimes, willing to 
compare notes with any adepts in the 
faid ancient fcienoe, or inibrm any 
taJBtshlt novices, gratitn 

N. B, In thiscourfe, befides (evenil 
carious experiments, there will be ex* 
hibited a leries of learned and uieful re* 
marks upon all the feveral manners of 
makii^ love, viz. the Heroical, Ora* 
torical. Ogling Pecainiarv, Indifferent^ 
Coxoomical, Peevifli, Humorous, Ro** 
mantick, Ridicolous, Natural, &r. Ail 
which will be treated both in an ana- 
logical and comparative manner ; and 
mk (everal efiofb, on the feveral dif<- 
pofiuons of die female mind, as tho«- 
ronghlv and clearly exemplified, as the 
▼ariaue nature of the medium^ thro* 
which they are to be feen, will give 
leave. To which wttl be added, an in- 


Digitized by •KJKjy.J^vC 


n^eekfy ESSAr$ in A VKIL 1739: 

£dlibk and miivbrfal iktorem, by the 
Itelp of which, the meft raw and in- 
experienoed may eafily atid naturally 
calculate the fnecife qcolity or mmenta 
of love in any breaft whatever : A fe- 
oet of infinite fen^ice to thoie amoi^ 
t^ ladies, who are inclinable to credu- 
lity, and lie a little too open to oaths 
uid proteftations. 

There will likewife be (hewn, fome 
curious pb^enmtna upon the Love Di- 
oft'ricis and Catoptricks : 

such as the Love-Specula; in which 
die curious fpeOator will immediately 
difcem True Love from Counterfeit, 
Phun-dealin^ from Ol-natin^, Truth 
from Comi^iment, Candour from Dif- 
fimulation. Sincerity from Artifice, C^r. 
Difcoveries, in which both fexes are 
equally concerned, and of infinite ton- 
fequence to guard againft each others 

In the Lo^e-Te/e/cepe will be (hewii 
liove infinitely remote, and which was 
not diicemible to the naked eye : to 
which is added, an exphmatory table, to 
Calculate the real diftanoe and magni- 
tude of the objedl; as likewife in which 
of the three orbits of pofiibility, proba- 
bility^ and oertaihtyf it moves. -^ Note 
here, that fortune-hunters of both fexes 
have received infinite btaefit from the 
ufe of this exquifite inftrument j for 
which rtafon I lake the liberty of re- 
commending it| in an efpedal manner, 
to that wormif^ul fodety.* 

In the, Love-Miav/hpe, Love will be 
examined in its minuteft pattides; 
their fi)rm^ texture, and purity, will 
be difcovered to the greaten exa^efs : 
by which means the Genuine may be 
diftii^ihed at firft fight from the A- 
4ulterate i nay^ the fmalleft atom, that 
IS a compound of both, (for exam^e, 
part Love, part Intereft ; or part De* 
lire, and part Vanity,} may be under- 
flood to iuch a nioe^, as to determine 
which is predominant to the hundredth 
j«rt of a fimple : An» expetiment of 
ineilimable importance to young heir- 
efles, and dowager ladies incumbered 
with great jointures. 

To all whichwill be added, lame's 
Anaimtf % wherein the heart, the feac 

of that noble paffion, will be diAedlou 
and the numbertefs JkriiU^ betwa 
the Organs of fenfe and i^ will be tnm 
out; mol« particularly thofo by wksn 
Love is firft admitted, and thcMe fecM 
whence it is fuppofod to take its Icanr 
i^Thewhbleot fingular uieto the ij 
oonftaht and amorous $ thofewho cajM 
fire at every eye they look at, andtifto 
whoarenofoonetridof onemifcbic 
but diey blindly Humble intoaaet^g! 

Some remarlcs wiiy ikewift^ be naad 
on the efieaa of this paffion on the Ui 
derftanding ; with an effity to *^^'''^**wi 
far the extravagancies it onen caaifeB.« 
Heroes and Philofophers, Wits «■ 

Laftly will be exhMted, t ImdOi 
Batich oi UmuOaral Love ; taken ted 
an Italum original, and now puMiIha 

fortheomfolation of IT wO/— 

AUfitbve. Fhmt Ax. 

Daily GAZiTTBia, N** ii/j. 
lUgard due tea good MzMtJler. 

IF men ought in geneial to be le 
gaided and efteemed in pwpo rti oi 
to Sit fervice they are of to thefw 
blick, as governmeift is abfolutdy ^6 
ceSury to the well-being of a peo^ 
a good State/kem nuA merit mare mm 
tl^fe who have the faeneitof his ooa» 
feb, than a man in any other katim 
poffibly can; fince the advancaees .y 
brings to his country are ciy otyea by al 
alike^ while benefits of any other aa^ 
ture are ufually as confided in their in< 
fluences as in their intention. Am 
from hence we may tiace that wam 
afiedion, and high veneratkxn, whid 
the ancienta more univerfidly, and ikl 
wife amon^ the modems, have alwi^ 
exprefied for thofo who have fuftain^^ 
the pnblick cares with reputation/ ad 
an unbiaied attention to the Hbei^ 
intereft, and honour of their coanciy J 
and whenever its ememUt exerted Aa 
power to diftrefs the meafuBBs of thefi 
tnu pairifsy its friends have alwifl 
been vieihmt in fruftrating attenvt 
againft Siem, and in givii^ them M 
ihpport ncccflary to ditehaige their iae 

'Digitized by vjv./v^/v iv^ ' 

r^^ Es$Ar^ iff AP kit 

J% 18 theobfarvatioii of an cxoelknt 

wn», Ththowm '» wn/ck more ca* 

fi]|rai&i^ied im ^faU than m the m- 

AiM^ ooonge ini^ more froqae&tljf 

flMt yntk thaa €^q£t» and fewer 

fwfifirgticws being renaftte tp fuftaio 

Wtfrt of aaenemy, tdan to fruftrate 

iUi febe^s fir d^firfffiim. Aikliii 

ewfriniitiogi of this, it is obferrafak^ 

that while the Htmt of aatiqcutx are 

anned with a Und of lOfDaadick and 

mmyasmt ad^BifatioD« their Sagu 

are fidmai iMntioiied without reve* 

imoe al^d etcesi : which is ea£hr ac- 

reopeediiuv wheaitisoonfidemi^ that 

dw* the ierrioesof the ^FWrysrare gene* 

i»%riMreiwUeQly fUt than thofeof the 

ft a teft w iT a, the adyanta^arifine from 

Ihetaooe&of thr former^ have mom 

km ib dnrible at the benefits obtaiMd 

h)r the good ootdnft of the fetter* And 

it ia veiy reoMrkaUey chat thofe' men 

fribhaine wuo/k diftii^'ibed themielves 

in Mesne and proccaioo of the libera 

lies of their 09iiiitnr» have always met 

iriih aaoft oUbm6aon in the execntioii 

flf didr 4ft6tp$i Fw, Anwbdng, in 

ibnedegrDe, tt^dffit ofallmn^ and 

tiieAlK^ cftkeamNfmt, every aftiosi 

which leens to merit prefeot affbofe 

aadfiomfrme, daws theem^^ and 

fa nt tiB i ci the refiintment of aU the 

^Ipi^ig ; who» coofiaous of the infe* 

ndty of their ovmabiUtjesyaie wealc* 

ly iaaia*d to depretiatr and render 

«6ie6 in others the taknts which are 

wantiBg an thmfelves. Jnflanoes of 

Ihts idiid being both mnenoos and &- 

Qiiisry It is mmoQcflafy toenomeiate 

eBB^ks flf b btmy-conAxmed a 

tnch: wfceretoilratherchttfetode- 

fciibe the man, who» acotrding to the 

taksofjiK^ing among both ancients 

and acdenu, rnoft be eonfeftd the 

tradb ftiowi of his eoontry, and the 

mdt mtional champion for liberty. 

^ fimashis years enafak him to 
lodge of .the intcreftsof theoommo- 
aitr'of whidi heisamember, be will 
otngehimftlfin t^jpoUick tarkt, 
Aorefomaderae ot icrving othecs, 
-Haaof figpaliaiiiig himfidf i m, with 

that view, his behavioiir wHlalway? 
demonftiate an attention to the wd&i« 
of his coontryi whatever difficulties he 
may meet with, or whatever cabala 
may be formed againft him. Ashia 
motivesare juft sad bonooiable, thexr 
foundation moft remain iinn and un- 
alterable $ and his conduA, being 
gioonded therean^ wtU know no vari- 
ation. — If at any time the iniquity of 
.others fliould render his viitoous love 
of blicrty mecarioos, he will never-* 
fheMvuHoe it; and* preferriflc thr 
good ottheniblkktomsowii uAty, 
will make the neoeffiiry remonftnuMae 
apinU the intr^mt and hnmrntmsp 
tbe /«^ and iy/tf>K of the enemies of 
his coonti^, thoogh he fiiould thereby 
draw their refontraent upon himfelf* 
Andif 6dion fliould ever fo fu pre^ 
vail* aspublickly to relent hisgenesoos 
ceal^ and even to reach hisuHom % the 
ooca£ott of hM fttfiering will be a fob- 
jea for triumph, while he knows his 
enemies to b^ no other than the ene- 
mies of his countnr. Under thefe dr- 
fumftances he will fupport himfelf with 
courage and chaarfblnefs: And if, with 
hii mm, the f^Uck Utmtf ieemM to 
bethreatncd » he will i^oein haviitt 
foconduaed himfolf, as to be included 
in the nun of thofo liberties ami privi- 
leges which he was fonealoos to pro- 
.tea and to pre&rve. — And if, by ai^ 
bappy alteration, the enemies of his 
coontiy , and his mod invetcote foes, 
flioold be deprived of the power they 
have attained i^ mrtifiM ana duni^ ana 
nfod with kwtf udft^fkfim % he will 
then be fo for from eaercifoig any re- 
fentment a^ainfl them, that, whoa the 
power of ijyuring the publick is taken 
from them, and they cesfo to be loqg- 
er the defiroyenof the national peace, 
andtheviofeton of thepuUick foith, 
&r. his regard for the good of others 
will indine him Id attend aK»e to the 
foture advantage of die whole, than 
the deforved puniihmentof a few* — * 
And if he foould afterwards, by the 
force of his loos-expertenced attach- 
ment to the true intereft of his country, 
and btt well-known abiUti^ ^^Vi^ 

, VJV_/«^7Xl^ 

158 ff^eeify ESSAYS in A P til L 173^; 

blick truft.bc rsifed to the (ame pcm^ pvorecnted with the ntmoft ftftentiMlJ 
that had been abufed by the enemies 
ofhiscoundyand of himfelf, he will 
be ib &r fnnn growing giddy with an* 
thority, or from proftitatinff the power 
inveiled in him for ftihUci furfofis to 
frkfoti tnds, that to the general good 
every prirate confideration will give 
Tehee, and injuries ofiered himiUf will 
be forgotten, whenever their being 
f or gotten promifes the finalleil advan- 
tage to tht publick ; and, inftead of 
exulting over thofe whom he had op- 
pofed, when virtue required heihould 
oppofe them, he will interpofe in their 
behalf a beneficence to themfelves un- 
known ; and may, perhajn, be pre- 
vailed upon to be the principal perfon 
in procuring them the liberty of return- 
ing to crimes from which their crimes 
lu^ baniihed them. — If fuch his ge- 
nerous interpofition be difregarded, and 
the liberty he follidted be mii^pplied ; 
provided the miiapplication aHeds no 
more than himfdi, he will regard it 
only as a fieih inftance of ingratitude 
in perfons from whom his own gene- 
rous humanity prevailed upon him to 
hope amendment, and prompted him 
to be even officious in terving. That 
fuch men are ungenerous to him, will 
not fo much concern him, as their 
iivant of due reg^ to theirown true 
interefb. But if they fhould after- 
wards become the open and avowed e^ 
nemies of their native land, then m^ 
would he feel fbme concern, at being 
(though with the mod juftifiabk in- 
tention) inftrumental in enabling them 
a.fecond time to abufe the land of their 


Such a man, and all who aA in con- 
cert with him for the general good of 
the people, will as certainly incur the 
envy of the profligate and the aban- 
doned, the Biaious and the ambitious, 
as the fu{>port and efieem of the diibem- 
ing and judicious, the honeft ahd im- 
partial members of the commonwealth : 
fuid as nothing but the interdll of thdr 
country, and the promotion of the ge- 
neial welfare, wiU be their fprines of 
a^on ; whatever meafures are found 
oqpcdieat kx thofe puipofo^ will be 

thot^ interrupted as much as biif the 
power of thofe) whofe airy hdp^ €dBtam 
only in their deffaiidion. Inacafeof 
this nature^ it is an old nuudm^ To 
divide whom wff would defboy ; and^ 
with this View, it is more tluui mo^ 
bable, that any tfaniaQion which mdfe 
publick enemi^ endeavour to load with 
Dad confequences, however ridioaloafly 
inferred, jmey will ufe their ntmoft 
arts to ky to the account of hiai who 
is moft rormidable to their defigns* 
But the fame honour, the fameinte- 
grity,and die fame regard to his cooa- 
try, which put him upon the meateet 
his enemies condemn, will be fbie to 
fopport him unmoved in the parfixit of 
the benefits they labour to pievcfiC^ 
notwithfianding the empty danioar 
that may be railed among the nmt. 
partial and unthinking part of the 
people, who are fometimes nevailed 
upon to diink a ju<fement rigtt for be> 
iti% irndfy aferttd I though it genenHy 
happens, that an inquiry into the nKK 
tivcs and occafion q/[ fuch v o cife w au i 
recommendations, is fuffident to pro^ 
duce a change of fentiment in thole 
whoare capsu>le of diftinguiftiiw be^ ' 
tween the condu£k of the real fneadi 
of libernr, and the railings of the left- 
lefs and die ambitious, the defpentn 
and the difappointed. 

HeAce appears the rmid and «fi|» 
ftion due to a fiiithfiil publick mtmfter ; 
For, finoe without government no 
fbte can poflibly exifl, the man whole 
fhareinthe adnmuftradni of it expo- 
fes him to the n^ zxAfiuy of its «■#- 
miiSj will have the moft imdminble 
and moft rational daim to the &voiir 
and iJUtm of its/riinds ; who, as they 
will know the malice and infidts oifer- 
ed him to be the refdt of his caie and 
attention to the bufinefs of his ocMm- 
try, will be fure to look upon all da- 
mour raifed aeainft him as mlmhaed 
ultimatdyto betray the peoplehe 19 
labouring to protcd and defend, and 
tofnbvert the conftitudon that is hap- 
pier than to be capable of gaining sary 
mkwff^ book w t^f fnnmits: 

Digitized by Vs3iV_/<^^ VI v^ * *WlP 

fTeekly ESSATS m A^KlLs 1739. 159 

btSMt die identment of thde wOl part, and kave the nil without a Re- 

oeemer; that, antecedent and without 
any lefpedl to what th^ can, or Ihall 
do» he has deterniined iome of them to 
be etemally happf , and ibme to be as 
etcmally wretched; that accordin^y 
he gives (b much grace to the former, 
that they cannot miis of heaven, and 
ip little to the ktter, that they cannot 
poffiUy attain it : thu is a f<^eme of 
qodrine entirely irreconcileable with 
the divine imputialityj but then it is 
alfo intconcileable with jneafon, our 
natural notions of God, plain para- 
ges of Scripture^ and is only fupported 
hy hfoken fragments and texts of the 
Ibble, confiderM by themlelvcs, wi^* 
out inegard to their context and true 
meaning, mifunderflood and mifapplicd, 
9nd therefbre cannot be true. 

Our natural notions of the I)eity are 
thofe of a wile, good, and jdl bang ; 
the maker, the preierver of men ; who 
(hews his good-will to all his creatures^ 
and delights ii} communicating exi- 
ilence, and the benefits of itf Now, 
Keafon fays, fuch a being cannot be 
fanciful| cannot be hard, cannot be in- 
jurious. He who made all qien, can* 
not but love all men, fo loioe as they 
endeavour alike to pleafe and obey him. 
God is a Sovereign, but not an earthly 
one, furrounded with prejudice, igno- 
rance, error, humour, or weakn^s. We 
Uefs his almighty power, becaule it 
delights not in domg mifchief, becaufe 
it is fweetned with mercy, regulated 
by jufUce, direded by wiidom. Can 
foch a being (hew unequal &vour, or 
unequal feverity, to objeAs that are 
X -' , . -. '- f ^ alike? Can he love a man ibr doing 

ir<tjT!M^W^ir^^^^ whathecouUnothelpdoin^^orh^ 

/Af Oiurch y Enffhind hj the mam ^^^^ ^ ^j^t \^ couM not but 

iTJmi £ntiiufiai& htilf rtfin up tn ^, ^ .^ ^^ of wifdom, is it the 

tfm kmgttam, ^^ ^ ts^^^ to make a difFerence iQ 

M*. Hnkir, creatures, alike the obje^ of his wrath 

TH£ dodrine of ahfolute Pnii* or mercy? Is it eoodnefs, is it jufliceji 

JttfuaiM^ and imjfeaim Repro- to bring a periSi into being without 

hatimy is an objedbn to God*s impar- his confent^ without allowing him a 

6il to attend mo&, eminently the 
man wiw merits moft of the publick, 
cvei^ &tf he takes in the natkmal 
iorviae will be fure to be blamed in 
poportion to its good tendency, and 
the benefits naturally coniequent upon 
it ; and as^ in fuch a cafe, reafon would 
be of little uie in the caule of his encr 
mio^ they would be certain (o endea- 
vour to ^Qofouod with their clamour 
iittk whom tb^. cannot hope to con- 
roioe by their aiguments. ^t, as 
iiich arafi^ Can prevail., upon but a 
fcw, ^f^ thefe not the moft able to di- 
j^ngrpiih between PAxaioTiSM and 
ki CO xTNTsaFEiT, the man whoie 
uniformity of ccMidud jprov^ the deli* 
bemdoQ and wifdon^ pi his refolutions, 
sod whoie perieverance Iq the fervice 
of the pabuck, by the means which 
icaibn and e^cperignce, the intereft of a 
utkiQ, and th^ voke of all its proved 
and fieady friends, declare moft expe** 
dien^ to the publick advantage, will 
fiand m need of no other repommenda^ 
lion to the ailedion of all who wifli 
ttofpenty to the land Iw fo ^ealoufly 
Iibonn to ferve, and in which labour 
hehas been happilv Uefled with fuc« 
ceis, in fpite of tne moft outrageous 
and indecent, the moil unwarrantable 
and unnatuxal, the moft abfurd and 
impolitick oppofition, that ever dif-^ 
g|»OBda.laiid of liber^. 

WfiEKLT Miscellany,^// 14* 

A^fiomrfe on Predeftination, nvhich is 
fill profgffedfy maintained ly fever al 
^ Mr IJiffenters, and hheh^ to J^ai 

tiality. That Godfhould, as (bmc af- 
fen, out of mankind, fallen and be- 
)>fkl^iii an equal degree of demerit, 
give his Son \xx die for the redemption 
vS kitsL of them, ^4 thole a Imall 

^ of making himfclfeafy,with' 

out a pofTibility of avoiding wietched-. 

nefs, and that for ever? Iww could a 

creature defervc to be put into fuch cir- 

A a 4 ^ cunv: 

Digitized by Google 

r6o mekly ESSAYB /« A P R I L 1739; 

^imihaoesy before he etiibd? Hour 
then could God place him ia them, 
when he did not deftrve it, iinteft ]|e 
^id%ht8 in ihewii^ his power, at ihe 
<xpenoe or uj his other penecbonsP 
Tbis is die idea of a ibrereign tyrant, 
BOtofawife, agood, ajuft, aperfed 
God. Biit perhaps it will be fiud, 
^' Thefe are drodis tooereat for fliallow 
Reate to fattom : Wh mrt tlm thai 
nfUifi agMi^ Ged? Seaith the Sqri- 
olures, and lee what Revelation haa 
diicovmd b this matter.*' Let nt 
ftaroi uiem, then. 

rlere we find God reprefented as a 
mafte^; batnotanhardone^^A^Airrff^ 
mvben ht has tat firwmdy or rttfmg 
when ht has not frumi bat requiring 
of eveiy man, and accefttfig i*oeryMafSy 
mcardifig to what he h^s^ and not ac" 
eorHnz to what he has not. We be^ 
hold Sim as a Sovereign, diSerent in 
his adminiftiations, butalwavs juft and 
good : putting mankind unoer varipos 
oifpfcnfiitions, the J^ew under a law, 
die QtntiU nnder nature; but then ta- 
idog account and juddne them accord- 
Shziy, the Jew hy his uiw, the other 
Viathottt it. We fee him figured out 
08 a &ther, tender, compafBonate, de- 
^daring he delights not in the deadi of 
him tmit dies, letting life and death be- 
fore men, courtine d)em to the one,deter<r 
ring them from the other, and weeping 
over thoie who would not be perfuadra 
to be hapny. The facred page lets be- 
Ibre OS GoQ (b full of love smd mercy 
•to mankind, that he fent his only be- 
jgotten Son, to the intent, that tuhofo^ 
fver heUeveth in him Jhtmld not feri/B, 
pat have ivfrlafling life. Does the 
Scripture confine the betiefit of this ^- 
deemer to a few? No, but quite other- 
iviie fays, that he Mtifir au\ that Qod 
htdom him the tniqnityoftis aU. iThe 
ApofUe to the Mnans puts this beyond 
^iuiute^ where he teadies, that as the 
gift of God in Cbrifi in ibme things 
exceeded the offoicettf^^^Mr, fe in nd- 
thii^ it fell Ihort of it : And there* 
Ibrei as this brought Judgment on aO 
pien^ & the free gift tf^lifi thftrngh 
X^hrijf eame t^ all men: For as in 
44m all ^e^ fo in Chrifi fifall aUkf 

m^ aihe. As therefcie, if tun ] 
kept hit intenity, iSfttry one woalil 
have had it innisjpowcr to pleaA GodI « 
lb by the gift of C;^|f every one maft 
htFfrittoo: finee the oodeqHencei ^ff* 
redemption e^hended fhll at widi^^ a* 
thofe of jUam*B tnmfgrefto) that is* 
to aD men. Thefe are plain paHages 
of hiMy ScriptutiB^ which repreiettt to 
OS an nnivcrul God and Pktber oi all^ 
an muv^erial Redeemer of inaniciiHiy 
die often of life and death made t^ 
evdy one of themi and, cdn fe qo entljTy 
a pc^lnlihr of attaining the one, and 
efcapuig the other m every on^; ttH* 
kfs wfe can fofpeft God of un/BSbug 
the greateft mockery and deriMi M hat 
creatures, as well as injofBoe. 

I proceed to examine the paAgee 
broi4;ht in fopport of the contrary ejii-^ 
mon, and ihew the mifintietptct&tioit 
and wrong ap|nication of them. AnAf 
previous to this, I muft lay dowa A 
rule Or two neceSny to be obferrd ni 
expiainiif pai&ges of Sioipture, if wi 
have not a defire to be deceived. Ote 
is. To confider theoccafkni, cmme-* 
Aion, and drift of the ]4aoe in qoe^ 
ftion, and giVe it the meaning propel 
to the argument the writer is eimig*4 
in. Another is. To refolve difEoilt an! 
doubtful texts by plain and certain ones* 
If in thefe lights we examine the 29th 
and 30th verws of the 8tfa diaptci ta 
the Xmans, we fhall find Seripcai* 
cpnfiflenjt with itfelf and Reafon, m 
this point, as well as in all otluers. 
The Apofllc^ in thia chapter, as al? 
mofl all through the efnftie, iets ham* 
felf to prove, that the diftinftioti of 
yetw9mQentile^9tanowce»kdi dute 
other nations had an equal fhave in ih^ 
Mefiah, with the Jewi/hi that, ia 
order to have the benefit of Chri^ 
fiuth was neoefiaiy, and obedience m 
the new covenant; but not orcam- 
difion or other Imil perftnaanqes, ai 
the jFrwj conten&d ; who would at 
Idwtheoflb^i^the goi^lto beaamjldt 
to;ionettH tliey becaxhe 7"^^ ^ ^^4 
thofe, who would not comply wM 
them in tlds matter, thev pei^atdl 
and affiiaed ; and die Oeiitife Gtami 

Digitized by VJ.O'^^X'-^ W^ 

Wiekfy ESSJTS A A P R I L 173^ 

fin Of uMiBflUM were diftfn&d umI 
Bnnuimdioiifly wtdf even to defttlk 
To oomiace thc-^^tw of ttieir cnor» 
»m1 beir them out of that fond ccmoeit^ 
tlutt dbf were the onlyjieopk of Gods 
ttd ID comfbrt the fuireriDg Gnuiks i 
ke teUi than, that God had tttdfced 
ikMOOtpOMKSc of the Gfflf^iSr amrem 
by tke^fCs of his Spirit to them: F§t 
4/tUmtrf Mart led fyOi SfM ff Gad, 
mf/Jkj^s rfG9d:^^M$ffims, tbm 
ffo be timt iiffi fi^ 'voitb bim, thai 
mmof hi (MgimJmdHgtthfr. The 
^mf to thiseuiyis this praentftate of 
Merii^ : Irtckm theMfiringt rfthU 
yt^hit timt an tut ^oarthf H o€ eoaipay 
rtd mih iheghry ^wbiebfiaUhi rtveaU 
^ ik MS. We (hall be delivered in 
God's eood time^ and Ibdl ba com^ 
Arted wove our affiiaion. We hope 
hi this deliverance, and piav kit it. 
Itt, m this caie, as in all otnen, the 
&a^ beijfitb mr hfihmtks: fit niM 
imo mi mnbta^weflmUfrayfiras^vM 
Wf^y hmt tbi Sftrh maketb inOreiffm 


^vAphs b€ thmJMSed and appove^ 
ibmbioUogk^Ui that i$, reward- 
ed widi the triumphs of his geioe in 
this hSe, and, if thanr pcr fe v e re in dn* 
tf,*wfll give them pmy m die othec 
Here is an account Sffome, who were 
iorefecn fit for fufiering fer rdigioi^ 
who therefore were deSincd lor that 
office, called to it, aoqaitted for dwir 

rl befaavkor in it, and rewaided 
it. Not a f^Uabk appear^ that 
can give the kaft fimoit to the dcv 
^rine of an aUoiote deiermination of 
airman to happineis or mifery^ witln 
out hishavtM ttie power to obtain the 
one, or avoS the other. It is tho 
condition of all mankind, to be caUed 
to fome fort ofduty and fbtbn in life. 
Wiiom God foreiees fit for on^ accor- 
ding to his porpofo of gpvtminff and 
condnding tbeafiinef the worM, he 
predefines and caUs to it, and ac- 
^ti and rewards them &r behaving 
well in it. An cye^ tkged with tho 
jigid i^edeftinarian tenets, can read 
tl^ whole fcheme in every wordofthia 

fir Atfidnti, according f tbe n/oUl vf paragraph, and dream of focrct pinpo- 

GU\ wlio knows better than we oar- 
leive^ wiiat is good for «s, and there^- 
fbre has font yoa tfaefe prefent affiidt- 
te, to make you more gforioos and 
more happy by yoor behavioor imder 
tlwa : For «v hm» tbat «// tbhtgi 
mmk tcgrth^ fir gmd, Hibemtbail^ 

res,^hi2kkn wills, inwaid efBdunou. 
calls I and what not } bnt an nnpre* 
jndked reader will fee nothing ot all 
this, nor will fofo a meaning to bo 
drawn out of i^ inconfiftent with the 
Apoltie*s declaratkm in the verfo al* 
noH immediately .folkwing, that God 

^U^ 4o-tlMikwb9 an ibt called actcrding fiand Mf bit vumBon^bai delbucndbim 

«» his ptttfofi ; that is, whom he has 
caOed to this fiate of affti6tion and fuf- 
fan^ ka the foke of the gofpd, ac* 
cndiflgto his de%n of patting diofe 
iiitDtlwpQftofdan^, who, m fere- 
hm, wovdd be able to ftand it : And 
^obm be did thmfinkmtVf be a^ did 
fredtftiaaie to he wfirmedio tbiimagi 
ef lis S«r, <m. in fajeriitt; for hmi 
and&ehkn, fbatbemght be ibefafi- 
hem ammg mafif brethren, the ceftain 
^fghmtim made ferfea ihrwnvb faf- 
ftrii^, Marecfoer, tvbem be did fn- 
donate for this porpofo of iUfering for 
^ gospel at that time, them be alfi 
€tt&dxo it ; and whrnt be called, them 
hei^^ upon their good behaviour un- 
iia MBdoBB, fit^fid; Ifhat is, ac- 
goittedy meived into fiivov i and 

^er MS all; therefore not fi»r a fin^ 
whom he predeftinated, happen 
what will, to etomal lifo. 

Havmg done with thischapter, pro- 
ceed we to the next, die9thtothe^ 
mant, which has been thoaght to con- 
tain many pafiagesin fovour of the do- 
drine I am overthrowing • but, upon 
easamination, we fhaO find they are juit 
aslitde to the pofpofo, as that I have 
aheady esrplained. The Apoftle be- 
gins the chapter with good wiihes and 
nearer defires for his cooiitrymen the 
yenvt, and mentions feme . of their 
pnvil^, tbe adofiim, /Arj^w^of God 
in tkdr temple, the cevenants, tbe law, 
tbefervice ff God, tbe fromifes ; whoje 
an tbe fathers, and rf whom, as con-^ 

Digitized by VJV_7V_7V LV. 


mekfy ESSArS i)r A P R I L 1739. 

to be outwardly &TO«rediii tUi iUe; 
and the other not ^ ; that is, that 
one (hoald cpmnurn^ umI the other 
obey him. The reafon for the &rC 
obfenratini is plam r becaufe what 
wa« faid of them, was not tme of 
them in their own perfons ; lor B/km 
nev^r ierved Jac^b, that we read of: 
but it wa& true of the nations defeeodr 
ed frpm them s fox (he pofleriqr of 


nrmmr ihifi^^ Cbrifi cam. But he 
bid» tnem not b^ vam of all this, or 
truft in it : for the promife, as fo as 
it was a promife of udvation and eter- 
nal life, was not tp all Jirahaif^$fetdt 
or indeed tp any barely for defoendii^ 
from him s but to the feed of his iaith, 
Chofo that were like him in goodnefs, 
whether Jew or GifitiU. For fo he 
cxprefly iaySy Thef whici are the cinl- 

4irem tf ibeJUJh^ tbefeare not the chU^ Efiim^ ferve the poflnjty ofjaak, 

dren efGei: hut the cbUdren ^ frmmfi till at the time foretold h^ fliook his 

arecmmtedflr tbefied. Tben hepro- yoke ^m him: agreeably to what 

ceeds to inftrua them» not to think it the Lord iaid to SsKeccM^ enquiring 

hard, thatGod now for their fois re- why the children ftrugded withia 

jcded the 7mju/ from being his jpeople, ^r, T'wo noikn^ 40^ imtlfvmA^eaid. 

and chofe other nations in their (&ad 
to the like honour : for to xaife or de- 
prefi a peof^ outwardly to fovour 

two mamor ef feo^ JhaUhe fifmrotki 
from tfy htweh: and the om ftofk JhM 
he ftronger than the other people | 4m4 

and pro^ die inhal»tants of one the elder Jbmtt ferye the jgmnger. 

country, and not thoie of another, 
was the undoubted prerogative of the 
great Sovereign of the world, with- 
out any injury, and therefore without 
anv sround of complaint to any man, 
benehl in the whole of his exiilence. 
Thus he once feledled the. Jewifb 
neople under one covenant, and now 
he chufos others, with whom to place 
his name, and to whom to reveal him- 
felf I not determining one to damna- 
tion, or the other to faivation upon 
any other terms, than thofc of ha- 
vinfi^ or wanting faith and obedience. 
If God was at liber^ to adopt the 
Jewi/b nation, why is he not at li- 
berty now to adopt another to like or 
greater privileges ? for conftder, (ays 
the Apoftle, <vAjen Rebecca bad cm- 
eehfed by me, e*ven by oar father Ifaae, 
(the children beit^ mot yet bent, neither 
iamt^ dene any good or evily that the 
pvfofe of God according to eUdion might 
ftand, not of tJuerJb, but of him that caU 
Uth) it €was faid onto her. The elder 
JbaU fimx the younger i as it is <writ- 
ten, Jacob have Ibrvedy hut Efau haw 
J hated. In this paflage two thines are 
certain : Firil, that by Jac$ and 
Mfau we cannot undcrftand their per- 
ibns, but the naticms defcended fiom 
them; fecondly, that ^wi/ and i^o/^^, 
here, does not mean the one to be fa • 
ypdy and the other damned , but on^ 

Since then it is certain, we are tp 
underftand bv Jac^ and Bfas^, m this 
place, not their foi^ peribns, but 
the nations fprung from them i it is 
alfo equally certain, that the words 
loved and hated, here, do not im^y ' 
the one to be eternally faved, ox .the 
other eternally damned; but onh^, 
that the one fhould bear rule, and bf 
more favoured than the other, in thf 
prefent life. For, fince by Efint, wf , 
muft mean the Eremites fftrung fi-om 
him, will any one in his wits (ay, that 
all the Edomites were damned i andt 
foice bv Jacobis meant the Jews d^ 
rived from him, a man^ muii be ftiA 
as much out of his wits to afTert, that 
all the Jews were eternally Wed. 
And yet both thefe aflertions muft be . 
maintained by him, who interpreo 
hved apd hated in this text, as r^latbtfr ^ 
to the future ibtes of heaven ami heilT 
Since, then, the foniiB I have given to 
JacobbcmgievedsxidE/amifated, can. 
be the only true one, the meaning of 
this often obje^bd paiTage is no more 
than this. That when Rebecca waa 
with chiki of twins, Efau and Jacob, 
before the children were bom, or had 
done good or evil, God (aid to her, 
" The defccndents of Jacob IhaU bea^ 
rule, and be more honoured in this 
life, than the 4efcendents of £fa9. ** 

Digitized by VJV.J'V^^v LV^ 

fTeekfy ESSATS in 

And iliis be fold ]ier before they were 
born, citatGod's rai£ng the jiwt/b 
nation togitatneisy and depre^g the 
EJmttiHj, might appear to be by vir- 
tueof ius prerogative ; and that hid 
piupofe of electing this people to exe- 
cute hjs defigns, and not the other, 
mf^ fUnd ; not of works, for one 
ne^ was mot better than the other ; 
^ Dot of God, who waspleafed, for his 
! omifccret reafians, to call the one his 
; prap^ <^^ ^^^ ^ other: For in 
i Bcn cafes, of beftowing outward &- 
lours and rereladons of himfeif, God 
saccovnitable to none; hatnuitt have 
mrcf, Mr nubdmbe tuiUhofve mtrcft oni 
viM AvsRf comfaffim 9h mihmn he tviU 
htpce cwmfajffton^ as he told Mofis with 
nSft& to his choice of thej^u^peo- 
pfe. Sci^ then, it was not £/2i»*snm- 
BBS and .crving for the bleffing, wliich 
coiSd entail it on his noftenty : for 
God was plcalSsd anteceoendy to fhew 
aercy on the defoendents of Jacobs 
and ndfethem above the other ; which 
head^t do^ for .wife reafons^ which 
we have no Jight to enquire into. 

The Apoftle goes en to tell the 7<<u;/, 
dot hanineis df heart had haopened 
to them for their fins and unbelief: 
that this alio was the ondoobted privi- 
lege of God, to remove the light from 
diofe who ihitt their eyes, and harden 
them who went on to harden them- 
fchres : thut in this cafe, as Af WZ^iuivr 
mtrcy m WTbem he wiU have mercy, fo 
nvhemhemll, hebarimeth. When men 
have finned themfdves out of God*s 
finrdv, and made themfelves ripe for 
jo%nent and poniihment, God will in 
aiKr fanetimes defer the elocution, 
fofeing them in the. mean time to 
go on in wickednefs, that his juflice 
\ on impenitent finnen may more fignally 
; appear. Thns he did to Fharenh and 
I his natkA: he had hardened his heart a- 
' gainflmanjrmeil^es and many plagues, 
till at laft he nKUte himfclf ripe for de* 
iniaion. Bat God was then pleafed 
to keep him alittle longer alive, that 
his ttmifhment mieht be more evident 
I in the deftnifiionG? him and his people 
I in the Red fea. '' I had determined 
i C%s Cod] to defirpy ttec and thy 

APRIL 173^. 163 

peopfe with the peftilenoe; for ye had 
deferv*d, and I hadreiohr'd vour death: 
but I rmijed thee wf from tiiat bed of 
ficknefe flr this nfery fMrfefi* ^^ ^ 
might fii^ PFf tower in theef emd thmi 
wff name mght be declared thmigheai aU 
tie earth:^ This the Apoftle intimates 
to be the cafe of the jenm, who had 
finned themfehres out qf God*s fitvonr^ 
and deferved his anger kmg before he 
poioed it on them; but lie endmred 
them HJinth macb h^g-fitffering, thevef* 
Jeh ef^wrath fitted fir deftruBim, thai 
he might make his power more dearly 
difcemed, and might take thatoppor<* 
tunity of making ibntw the ricbes ef 
bis fhry en the njeffels rf mercy, nssbieb 
be tad afire frepared teehfjy even the 
Gentiks, whom he caUed to be his 
church and people. The mnrmnrioK 
Jews reply, <' If this be the cafe, tf 
we are caft offfiom being God's peo- 
ple, becaufe he hardens usi meby datb 
he jet find fault f fir wbe both refifled 
bisiviUr' TheApofUeaafwersfSicha 
bold queflioning of the ways of pro- 
vidence in the.difpoial of its fiivoun 
in this life, in iu chufing this, and 
rejecting that people, with great indl- 
gnation« and a paflkge out of one of 
their Prophets, NiPf Imt O man,*who art 
then that refheA againft Godf fi^U 
the thing firmed fisy te km that firmed 
it. Why baft then made me thus? bath 
not the potter fewer over the clay, of the 
fame banf to make one vejfel nnte bononr, 
and another unto diflmowrf That is,Hath 
not God power to raife one nation to 
the honour of beins called his people, 
and reje£k another from being fo, wnen 
they ero w unworthy that name ? That 
this is the meaning of the paflage ; 
and that bv vejfel we are to unoerfland, 
not a fmgle perfon, but a nation ; and 
by bmmr and diflmeur, outward privi- 
leges and advantages in this world ; is 
phun from Jer. xviii. whence this al- 
lufion of the potter is uken. For thus 
it ibuids there: The Prophet went by 
God*s order to the potter's houfe, who 
wrought a work on the wheeb, and 
the veflcl that he made of clay, was 
mantd in the band of the potter, fo 


Uigitizeci by KJ V,/ v_7 v iv. 


ff^tekif BSSJrS in APRIL f^s^. 


he made it again anoAer vcflU a* 
leemed Rood to him. Then the Word 
of the Lord came to the Ptophet, iky « 
in^ O hmfi^f Ifrailj canmldonuith 
yuios thU ftmrr finib the Lord. A* 
iftfU, as the clay u im the fotNr's hmnd^ 
fiartytinnttMhaaii O b$ufi •/ lfra$L 
What follows there, oonfinns tw ex' 

OS a very nmatkable tmf of UndUlS 
which oi^ht to be a wanuDfi; to allyhv 

This Gmifm4inyai9 oat q£ ike he9Ai£ 
o£Fr4ftKf9 and oppoTed the emt with 
fo much vigoorf that the Ki^ waa at 
length determined to take away hk 116^ 

plication, where God fays> ''At what or atleafttocanfinehimintheAi^. i 

mlfamt Khali fpeak concerning a na- Mr. i>*.Afcmbeiii|;priva|eiyinfi^ 

tioa, to poll it down, if it turn and ed of thisdefign agamft him, by a Ij^ i 

repent, 1 alfe will change my pur" dy of the court, GonfidefedhowtopBB»^ 

poie: andwhenlfpeakof biiikUnga fenrehimlUf. After many deUhemM;^ 

nation, if it do evil, I will not benefit in his own mind, he icmlved to gp ift: 

them." The full import of the paf- €mri the next mornings and beg a Fia«^ 

&ge, then, is no more than this: That siov of theiSji^,a8thefiiKftm0tho4^ 

tnankind are in the hand of God, as 
the Umw of «^y in the potter*sf as 
he can mme out of that a vefiei of 
more or ht& honourable uie, £> 
God out of mankind make nations 
with more or leis privilegies: and^u, 
'when the vefliel ddigned for honour 
becomes marred in the turning the 
potter can ap|>ly it to another mrmi 
ib, when a nation, &voored and privi- 
leged, has rendred itfelf unworthy fnch 
honour, God can diipofe it in a kia 
advantageous manner. 

Thefe are the prindnal Scnptntcs 
brought to prove, that uod, with re- 
tpoEt to another life, has had no re- 
gard » what moi ««ld do, or hrre 

can mofyf 

The Kti^, who was vciy mnch foifii*^ 
fed, aswetlaspieafed^ tofeenmeno^ 
fuch an InghAirit giowtt a little jH^ffi 
nmeaiatelv emlnioed him, uA 
granted his fequeft. From Mif/ he watt 
to the Dukeidr ^«Ar, dieFfuwiU»jfe^ 
whocongratDhtBdhim open this ooc»»| 
£oni and fhewed him the Baftiiki afrl 
furine him, at the fame tnn^ tfastt he I 
would have been a prifiner dne inj 
Ids than ^uwitffyte'iniB^ buttfaathoj 
was now in no frrther danger. \ 
This introduAion to my paper wi% \ 
perfaapB,;make thofeftqad animaK^ tfcB I 
GaKttteirif netk i^ thaii ean, as if I j 
had changed my nocej and was begp 
, ning to inculcate this ooortiy dodnas 

done; but haschofen fome men to be to die worthy patriots of GnmtBr^ 

happy for ever, antecedent to their tmn^ That a pafim is a flinch ' 

birth, and reprobated ^omt to be mi- 

ferable for ever, and that before they 

were bom ; fo that it never was in thie 

power of the one to be iaved, or the 

other to be damned. But thefe texts 

anpear to have no fuch meanij 

therefore, this dofbine is not 

in, but is contrary to plain pafls^^es 

of Scripture, as well as Reaiba: and, 

confequendy, is not truei and, there- 
fore, cannot be made an objedion to 

the divine impartiality; which i have 

bedi contending iot. Tmrs^ Uc. 

Craftsman, jfyril 21, 

Profofais fir regaimng 9wr ntOiuuU h^ 

mttr amyuul ami at homi. 

MR. D^AuUm, grand&ther to the 
£unoos Madam Ab//i/Mmr, tcUs 

p&oir9 m fi t ; and mufteithdrexpofehiih-* 
felf to the rdentment of thcf tmrty or 
forfeit his kmmt uAcmJiumcg. SmJk 
a fnj^ woftdd, very probably, io 
marked out as a conlnht livaag tt» 
proaditohjtijgli^ll^ m^aeaiy t9 

thing than a ^;^; andifitmoft 1 
to Mr# or the tAtr^ the dvyict it ea^r. 
But kt the /wZr have a litde patieoo^ 
and they wiu find, that I uige this onfar 
as an exam^ which 00^ to give aB 
i and, fin natkm Warning! for when oooie 
•undod cnrrij^i^^ grows prevalent, it js a crime 
not to be cimipt ; or, at kaft, is look* 
ed upon as a refledion i^mn iiMfr who 
aiefo. In fiich acafe^ any NMnum, 
of great diftinfiion and virtue^ wte 
fhodd refufe to accept of a ff^t 
would be maiked out as an ttnv /tier 

Jf^eMy ESSAirs in A¥Klls 1759. 16^ 

IhcgjOvenimeac^ andaibrtof duirlin have ariien, and do dail/ znk, from 
Jbciety ; qwn which he might exped the exoeflive ufe of corrtiftwHy and by 
the following ^q)oftu]ations : "Why, tne wicked, pernidoas, and infamous 

myhard^ ihoold vpu make any fcrupie 
of accepting his i/Lyefi^$ gracmu offer t 
JDon^C vou lee that many Dasir/, Eartsy 
and otner P/er/, of the hieheft rank, 
chink it no indt^ty, or rdedion up- 
on their characters, to accept of an b^- 
Mm-iMftipemdJrmitbicnfwmf What 

pradUce of takii^ ixtrlitatti penfimt 
and bribes \ whereby inany of his 
Majefty*s ^ood fubjedb are diverted 
from purfumg their 9wh and their cautt^ 
trfs interefty to the great difcourage* 
ment of bmefy, the ixunifeil detriment 
of trade and eommirce, and the immi^ 

4ia of the rfvwv are not to be flighted 
aad xefded. Would vou pais for a 
^eicolntg t The vcr)r refufalof it, car- 
ries a reHedion againfb its idajefy, as 
iTIie was purfuing ibme usewarraiUahk 
msusfstres, and may prove very detri- 
jnental to bisjemnce, "" 

But the ffrimd mercenaries of all cowt' 
irks ought to confider, that com^im 
ma& at laft deftroy itfelf, and the com- 
jtitmtsM too. CornOtiom besets etrrw 
ftiaa, which naturally introouces Inxw 
ty, and iuxMfy Is the certain fore-run- 
aer of matimial foverh. What can be 
the coB&quence of uis, but feme ter- 


ena£led by the autliority aforeuiid* 
That from and after the day 

of in the year of our Loia 

17J9, no man in Emiaml, the dami- 
flion of ^aJeSf or t£e town of Bet'- 
ivici upon TweeJ, (for I would not as 
yet extend the a£f any fanher] (hall 
for the future, under anv pretence, take 
or receive, or caufe to oe taken or re-> 
ceived, any fexf/bn, hriSt, gratuity^ 
gifi^ boimty, or rewarj whsLtfocver. 

And be it enacted, by the authority 
aibre£ud, ThaituilcoHtra^siaid agree* 
mutSf for the receiving, payine. or de-* 
UM. w^nn^wi^v^ w UAM, •,»* M^^ymm,- livcring, any $mtiej^9 bonds, hills, floci^ 
riUte cesevMl/km ; which the experience or any other fecimiary rewards, fhaU 
of the btSt century fumiihes us with a be nijl and void to all intents and pur« 
Smible example, that iM^hichever fide pofes whatibever. 
prevails, mu^end in the deilrudlion of And for the better difcovery of fach 
tht cmJHisUimT The cord may, bear evil and nemicioas prances, every 
firaiaij^ to a very great length, but it perfon fhall be obliged to take the fol-» 
nnlk bieak at lail. lowing oath : 

Com^tfimina/fl/^yisjuftlikedhMi- I A. B, dt Jbtemnk fiwear^ in thi 
^ristiistgSLmao^ private per/onsi which prefence of Ahnighty God, that I havi 
]S apt to ^w upon them, tiU it de^ not, dire^ly or indire&h, either hy ntyfelf, 
ibx>ys their vitals. I have heard of a «r any agent eti^byed h fie, receinid m' 
nnttuv, who had accuilomed herielf ei^oyed any '^l^ce, penuon, or gratuity^ 
ib much to gin, that by degrees (he from any nunider, or perfon in autho<* 
came to drink three gallons a-day ; lity tviaijoevef. — SohelpmeCoJ. 
but it (bon put an end to her miferaole 
life. I wiln therefore that there was 
a Carmptims'aS, as weU as a Gin-a£t ; 
the/onarr being fo much the more ne- 
Ceiiary than the latter, as the pre(erva- 
tion oi the <ujboU community is prefe- 
rable to individuals. 

I could carry on this parallel with 
liumoiir, and even form (bme (ketch 

of an a£l of parliament. The 
^unble might run thus : 

*^ Whmas great intionveniencies 

And be it farther enaded, by thd 
authority aforeiaid. That everv per- 
fon dOfendii^ againft this aSi ihaU, up« 
on conviAion, forfeit treble the valua 
6f any fuch place, penfion, or bribe ; 
one moiety thereof to be paid to the 
informer, and the other moietv there- 
of to the poor tf the pari/h, wnere the 
offender may happen to refide; in 
pre- which the general ijfui may be plead- 
ed, and the Jpcdal matter of this oA 



r a£i 


mekfy SSSJTS i»» A P R I L 1739; 


given m evidence, at the trial; in 
which a^'Kon no ejoigti, frrateShtf, wa- 
t^er of hnvy or more than oni infar- 
%nci fhall be allowed. 

And for the farther difcovery of* the 
fmnies^ premiums^ or gratuities^ which 
fhall be given, paid, or delivered, and 
to be fucd for, and recovered, as a- 
foreikid, it is hcrfcby enafted, by the 
fame anthoritv. That all and every 
the perfon ana perfons, who, by vir- 

trically oppofitc ; but the Cvuri i 
Country tHterift on^ht always to be ^In 
fame. I hope it is fb now. I an 
fure, at leaf(, that it mieht be £>, i 
bat one tneafitre were taken in gooi 
time, which is no difflcuk matter fa 
any body to point oiit. Perhaps^ I 
may not be proper for me to mcntiai 
it, at preient ; but I dare hy ercr) 
one of my readers wiH goeb prctti 
well what I mean. If t her e f o r e om 

tueof this prefent aft^ fhall or mav be Jingle^ nvi/eaff will, in aninffamt, «• 

liable to be fued for the fame, fhall be nite the Catrt an-^ Country ; is it not 

obliged and compellable to anfwer up- 

pn oath, to fuch bill Qr bills as fhall 

be pr efeii e d againft him or them, in 

any court of equity, for difoovering 

any fuch contra ff, at 'wager^ and the 

fum of moneys or fremwn, fo ^cn, 

paid, or delWerfed, asafbrefaid. 

Provided always, and it is hereby 
enacted, by the authori^ afbrefeid. 
That any perfon, who will fubmit to 
be branoed with the name of Rtgne, 
TUtfcdly or Penjmer^ to his face ; or 
to liave a broad R dapt on his back, 
denoting to whom he belongs ; may 
ilillhave, receive, and enjoy a /i^^Mr, 
hot exceeding two hundred guineas per 
annum^ any thin^ in this ^^ to the 
contrary tnereof m any wife notwith- 
fending. " 

Nothing tends fb efleftually to en- 
Courage and propagate this defiru£Uve 
vice of corruption^ as the keeping up 
hU patty names and diftin^ions^ when 
.the ejfential differences are fwallowed up 
in a general concern for the publick 
^pod. This may be of great nle to a 
nxjtcked and declining Snifter ; but is 
certain death to the people^ if they are 
foolifti enough to bite at fb naked an 

It is fo far, for infbnce, from be- 
ing right to keep up the old diftindli- 
0ns of Whig and Tory amongft us, 
that I think even thofe of Court 
and Country ought to Be laidaiide. 
The only true and proper diflindion, 
atprefent, is, that of Country and 
Minister $ which I recommend to 
my brother-authors for the future. The 
^nifierial ?jACountry intereft hath of- 
ten been, and may be again^ diame* 

prodigioufly Ibange, that w ang t 
tier among the whole crowd frould 
have honefty, fpxrit; or gradtode e> 
nough, to hit t^xm that advice^ and 
give it, in zplaee where it is ib mucft 
wanted ? What f not one 'voifi^ ntk 
one honeft man, to be found, who wfll 
venture to undertake fb dcfiratdc s 
work, and which might be fo esiSfy 
accomplifhed ? All perfons, who fin- 
cerely mean die prefervation of ibb 
conftitution, and the prefent bappf eftef 
hli/hment, may co-operate, and muft 
\airtihcfame we^s, Ihavelh^wn, 
in a former paper, that old Whigs mzj 
drop their princ^Us, and adept the di^ 
re6t contrary, deceiving tnemfelvel 
with an idle notion that they are ftill 
following their oUprincifitSjWhM they 
only purfue the fame guidt^ widl 
whom they firfl fet out. — This puts 
me in mind of a flory, which I heaxA 
when at Oxford, 

A Reverend Doffor J yihoynazy&f 
learned man, and a very filly feOow, 
(which, God knows, is too often the 
cafe] had at lail a great inclinatidn to 
fee London. He lud an horfe of his 
owny and did not tare for the eX- 
Mnce of a coach. But neither ifetut 
Yds horfe knew the way. Afh^med V9 
difcover his ignorance, he refohred to 
follow ihefiage-coachi and, for that 
reafon, took particular notice of the 
coachman, who drove it. At Wfcoinh, 
the paiTengers alwa3rs fhih coaches ; 
which the Do^or not obfcrving, but 
keeping his ^e ileadily fixed upon 
the fanii guide^^ took it for grantwl 
that he muft be right, aod was b)^ 

Digitized by Vjv_/v_/s 

fPieUx ^SSArS in 

%xvn Ifid tfa^ quite cont^uy road. 
)Vluch » ex&dly theca£s of lomie of 
my licHieft Whig friitub > very eood 
jaeoy I due iky i but led out of die 
way by A^i« the coa^dmian. And 
as £Ae A^iTy after joCTing about fifty 
miles, found himfelfwnere be did 
oat defign to be I ib I hope my jW 
fiifmds will not brine about the very 
chii^ which they de^n to prevent. 

£irery thine liath its criiis; or^ more 
mperly fpeajung;, its m fks ultra, 
Mtme^ when it arrived to its highfift 

£'tch, of grandeur, fell headlong into 
Lvery • fives iniquity hath its bounds, 
md maft at h& deftroy itielf. The 
vary jiainre of government is fiich, 
fhat there will always be 

IB fome degree i but when it fjpreads 
like a //frqfi over the 'wMe My, k 
maSt Hooti oe cured, or deftioy the 
m^indkm. The cafe of the hue Lord 
UmukAU is a f ufiicient wanunc to 
all perions concerned in any kind of 
tdbUal agmirt. He fold die phoes 
of Maftirs in Umneety^ as all his fri- 
iKeffor$ had done : but the price grow* 
ii^ to an exorbitant rate, ne was im- 
peadied in parbament, convidited, and 
jmed thirty ibmfimd fmnds I in which 
#w» Nfhk Urdsy who had been L»d 
ChmueOtrs, and foki the Jam fkua, 
concomd, and voted him guil^. 

I might fitrther illuihate thek ob- 
fenratiaiis, by the prefent, mehmcho* 
ty ftate of J^^fw-iiMrir/ ; which is moft 
i^zceaUy fituated by nature, in an 
healthy air, and accommodate with 
the fineft turf in Etmft for the diver- 
&m of Ekffi-racing. The original de- 
fign of this entfrtainmtnt was not only 
& Agrt^ but to encouran a eood 
breed of holies, forrtalufii ana the 
Tpfol plates are fuppofed to be eiven 
onW with that view, the horfes being 
jobfieed to carry htany vtiights. But, 
abs T ham are thofe intentions per- 
verted ? Oar nobk hrud rf hrfes is 
now enervated by an intermixture 
with Tta^y Barhsf and Jrahians i juft 
as our mmirm N^biUty and GmUry aie 
ddaached with the effeminate man- 
ners of Trance and half. The manly 
and uiefid excrciie of hvfi*racing xi 

APRIL 1759. 167 

beoodie a fiaenceof fuch great ar^ 
and nicety^ that the profeUors of it 
frequently quarrel about half a pwni 
lueight ; and is carried to fiich a pitch 
of myfhsrious iniquity, that all man- 
kind complain of it. No man is there 
afhamed of the charader of a Sharper: 
It is the bufineis of tht places and often 
the beft proof of flr|F Z^/jcarts. - Yoa 
fliall often hear a whole table, of the 
befl company in the place, endea« 
vourii^ who fliall Bt moft, in order 
to impoie on their /rieadt, and de« 
fi:aud them in a match. In ikOTt,Jpiei, 
hribery, cerraftiea, deceit, fignal mfiv^and 
all ether cmrtfy arts, ate there em* 

But, thefe tricks being difcovered» 
ibis fair Sportfima went lately thithert 
for the la& time ; and having prou^ 
ed againft fxkdtifeultlcn, retired, (or, 
if you pleafe, ficedeii ) and are reibl^ 
ved to go there no more, vXiJeme ima 
regmlatien ii made, to preferve the 
honop* and independency of that icw- 
thy affemhly : from whence it is con- 
cluded that there will be a very thia 
mating next feafon. 

I am verily perfuaded ths^t none of 
thek fecedert hav^ the leaH delign of 
deftroying the primitive 4eftgn of that 
place i but only to roftore virtntt her- 
moor, and henefy to it ; that it may be 
^vemed, in all things, according to 
its original inilitutk>n, and not becomr 
a nefi rfthietoes, with the profpc^of 
diflionefl gain, in or^ to cheat one 
another, and defraud all mankind. If 
this reformation can be brought about, 
we Ihall foon fee New-market thrive 
again I for evtxy body of tafte is in 
love with the place^ and delights in 
freaaent meetings, when thev are ho- 
neftly condu&d. — But, ihould the 
retirement of {o many great and av0»> 
thyperfms have a contrary effedi, and 
totally abplifli thtfe affemblies, I am 
thinlung how fonxe of the bnghteft 
geniuses of the place .may be employ- 
ed to the advantage of this nation. 
Methinks, the fame parts, as could 
make a good herfe-nustch, might make 
%prrvi,^ml trta^f or even a cemftn- 

Digitized by Google 

t68 mekly ESSAYS in 

et. If a mniAer (hould ondetiland 
w to jociey, 1 don't fee why ^jockey 
knay not make a goed minifter. They 
have {ilcewir(f'/'^j at NenjtMiutrket^ 
to wei|h the amtenSngprniies i which 
might inibuft our M rs to ma- 
nage the balance of Eume^ with a 
litde more dexterity than tome of our 
negotiaHrs have hitherto done. They 
Kave alio confederacies there } and now 
pr then, like niuch greater powers^ 
fliift from one to another : bat it fddom 
iiappens, unlefs by very bad manage- 
inent indeed, that any one is totally 
abandoned, and left without aty alfy 
at all, I am therefore convinced, that 
Ifthe/e adepts were to be employed in 
feUtkal affairsy they would appear 
much more Keene tkanjbme of our 
pinifiers ; and that we (hould make 
a little better figure in the eyes o^Bu- 
rope, than ^e nave done for ieveral 

Common Sbnsb, u^/21. 

^pbougbts on a Biff f aid to he intended to 
prevent frauds in the Stamp lUvenuf, 


YOU have fometimes taken occa- 
fion to beflow all due praifes on 

our excellent M , for the fignal 

advantages he is always gaining for 
the nation^s intertfls abroad, by the 
ikill he hath fhewn in treaty and ne- 
gotiation with foreign ilates; which is 
Very right in you: But, methinks, you 
have not done him juilice with reipeA 
to the indefatigable pains he ukes, 
to projed good Taws for the fecurity of 
the liberty of the fubjed at home. 

It is talked, that a bill will ihortly 
be brought in, which may fumifh you 
with matter for ^negyrick^ and the 
rather, becaufc, if my intelligence be 
right, youtfelf and the Crafifinan arc 
the principal objects of it ; tho', per- 
haps, that may not appear upon the 
|ace of the bill. ^ 

It feems, one of your brothers of 
the quill, the ingenious author of a 

fapcr 'uit\th6.AUahw and merry, or, 
'he Daify Farthing-pofi, hath not paid 
fU that refped and obedience due to 

APRIL 1739: 

the kw8 of his country, asbeoomea 1 
good a Protefbmt, and odierwife ik 
ffood a fubjed : fbr^ whereas he fhonlt 
have contributed the fum of one half 
penny to the fupport of the govern 
ment for every mdividual copy of hk 
Farthing-pofi I not having the faar o 
God before his eyes, but being infii 

fated bv the maHce of the dinril, hi 
ath taKen the whole farthii^ to him* 
felf, to the great defiauding of hm 
M — —revenue: But yoo great win 
xr^ fometiine* guilty of gnlt in«g» 

It is conceived, that the Commii^ 
fioners of the Stamp office have powea 
to crufh him to atoms; but fb icmpa* 
loufly nice are theyjgrown, that, fan 
fbme reafons which £nU yet appeal^ 
they have deferred it, till their haada 
fhould be ftrengthned by new powen. 
But here a &ake may lie in the grafrl 
Therefore, cavete Craftfinam and Cm- 
mm Sen/e; for, if fome Dodors dc^'t 
lie, a daufe may be iliot in, that wil| 
fweep you both fiom txie face of tba 

You may remember, your wetl« 
lM«d antagonift, the political Meny 
Andrew, told yon not long fince, wt 
he had power to crufh you ; he aHb 
fignified to you, tluit ypu deferved t^ 
have your ears cut off. Perhaps ^oa 
did iiot underftand him at that time^ 
As he is a very arch was, he desk 
much in the unintelligime. Theft 
is now fome reafon to l^lieve that he 
had a mind to joke ^ his anger, and 
that his meaning was, that he wooU 
crufh you by cutting off theears af 
your paper. 

To expkin this matter, let us fup- 
pofe that a claufe fhould be inferted m 
lome a6^ That no paper fhould be 
fiamped but of a certain fize ; and 
that fize fliodd be fo fmall as not to 
contain half the matter you now give 
the pablick. 

As much as you defpiic the parts of 
thefe^at men, they have made a 
moil .important difcovery, which j^ 
that the profits of your papers arife 
fiomthc AdvcrdfemeatSt if fucha 

Digitized by Vjv_ii_/V IV. • ICDCiWf 

Weekfy ESSATS in AVltLll. 1739, ^^9 

Cheme deiefbre fhould take plac^ upon asgooda foot as the mioifterial 

and yoa vrite afterwards upon poll- 
ticks, yon will have no room for ad- 
vertiiemeiits ; and if yoa infert ad- 
veit^emeots, you^will have no room 
for politicks, and then no body will 
boy your papers : fo that either wav, 
my mend, (to ufe your own words] 
it is ofer with you. 

When Commm Senfe Ihall be ieen 
upon the table of a cofiee-houle pair'd 
and n&utilated, I £uicy it will look tx- 
My like poor JmHns^ when he got 
«at of the hands of the Spantardi* 

As the whole nation hath felt, b^ 
ience, that the projedors of thu 

bsve nothing in view but the 
fublick good ; it is hoped you will 
vquieice under anv particular lois it 
■ay be to you, when your country is 
to feceivo many fignal advantages 
fan it. 

It will Ml be a great £iving to 
bookfeUers and other tradefmen, by 
oUiging them to keep that money in 
Aeir pockets, which they ufed to give 
the Craft/man and Common Senfe for 
idvectifing their ieveral goods. 

Next, the paper you uie, being of 
£s^4^ manuiaaure, it wiU lefTen the 
^onfumption of it, if not entirely de- 
iboy it ; and it is n^uch for the ho- 
nour of our pfojeAors, that neither 
kaniing, arts, fciences, or manufa- 
Ave {hodd prosper, while they have 
power to deftroy them. 

Next, it may contribute to break 
fome ftmdy beggars, called Statumers^ irate view in it, than there was in 'the 
who may happen alio to be Common ad for putting the ftage under a Court 
Council Men. Licenier; wluchadl, you are fenfible. 

As to the great quantities of thb was projected merely out of a tender 
paper which may be already made for regard to^ the morals of the people 

papers are at prefent. 

Nor can you fuppoie that the pro- 
jefbr of this claufe means no more 
than to gratify his prirate malice a- 
gainfl two peHbns who would not flat- 
ter him. Everv body knows his frank 
and generous heart is a ftran|er to e- 
very Siing that is little, mean, or ma* 
Ucious. You have heard, no doubt, 
how like a hero he expreiTed himieif 
a^atinft the author of (ome theatrical 
pieces, two years ago, when he faid. 
By G — TUflarve hm\ and you, who 
have repretented him as a man with- 
out &ith, muft own, that he hath 
been as good as his word. 

It IS true, it hath often been decla- 
red, that they had no deiign of med- 
dling with the liberty of the preis ; 
but, at the fame time, you will allow, 

it is fit a great M fhoukl be 

fbengthned with power enough to 
crulh whom he pleales : for great 
men muH be made eaiy s and there- 
fore why fhould it not be enadbd^ 
that he np^y do what he pleafes, any 
law, cuftom, or uiage, to the contra- 
ry notwithftanding ; that the flatterers 
may be able to iay, with truth, thsit 
he makes the laws of the land the 
rule of all his meafures ? 

If there fhould be fuch a claufe in 
an a£t, (for I only have it from the re- 
port of fome of ms people, which yoa 
know is a bad authority,) you may de«> 
pcnd upon it there is no more a pri- 

thu ufe, and can be fit for nothing 
cMe, if it be asked, what muft bedone 
with it ? let the ftationers make bon- 
fires of it, to celebrate the birthruights 
43^ oux farnt^ik 

You will fay, perhaps, the example of 
our great man^s inteeritv and modedy, 
as well as that of u\ tne other place- 
men, would be fuflicicnt for that pur- 
pofe without a law. That may be ; 
out, however, you are fenfible the 
morals of the people are extremely rf- 

I hope you will not be (b wicked as 

toinfinoace, that fuch an aA would be ^ ^ 

an incraachment upon the libertv of, formed by this a£l : Two verv wicked 

the prefs, and a fbp towards talcing plays have been lately prohibited. I 

it mdtely away. You may print on ; pronounce them wicked, tliough, I 

you wffi be only obliged to give away own, I have not read them ; but I in- 

jfonr worb gratis, and eyeji then be ^^^ 

Digitized by Vjv_/i_7v iv^ 

I70 mekly ESSATS in 

tend to read them as foon as they are 
publiihed, that I nuy take occailon 
bom thence to bdlow fbme praifes on 
the Projector of the adt, as well as on 
the licenfery his Deputy, and his De* 
puty's Deputy. 

1 find we are likely to receive great- 
er benefits from this aA than we at firil 
^xpedied> for it is Qo operate upon old 
plays^as well as new. The Sfanifib Frier 
was aded the other night to a Ycrf 
great audience : it was written above 
threefcore years ago, in the reign of 
%. Charles II. a time when the g^an- 
tries of the court gave too much coun- 
tenance to things, not fhidUy chafte, 
npon the flage. It happens to be one 
of thole fiivourite plays which half the 
audience knoiy by heart : The aftor 
who.playM the part of lUrfumuif ha- 
ving left out halfof one of his (beeches^ 
it was immediately miiTed by the audi- 
ence, and called fof. The lines he 
i^ke were th^ : 

IFbai generous man can Kve <iv$tb that 

Vfm bis find! — to bear, much lefs to 

A court Uke this f — Can Ifooth tyranny T 
Beentpleaid to fee my Rojfa/ Mafter mnr- 

Hu crown ufurfi^aMftaffm the tbnmef 

There lie made a ftop, even to a full 
di%race. The next ador went on: 
but the audience thought they had a 
right to the whole fpeech, aiid there- 
fore called a|rain and again for it ; but 
to no nurpote ; either the a£bor forgot 
the fbUowing lines, or the Licenier had 
iorbid him to ipedc them : 

A council made of fitch as dare not ffeak^ 
And coud not if they durft. — Jv hence 

tani/b themfelves, for Jhame of heing 

A governments that, knowing not true 

Is fconfd abroad, and Uves on tricks at 


Now, Sir, if the ador forgot his 
part, he ^eferved to be hifs'd lor be- 
ing fo negligent in his bufineis : but if 

APRIL 1739. 

the licenfer laid his commvid^ iqioil 
him, that he (hould not ^pfajc: thfaana 
die ador ftands excofed. 

Jt is tru^ that, to the bed of mjp 
memory, the ad does no^ give thte li- 
cenfer a power over ^ys written and 
aded before the making tbe ^ law: 
btU, )io]ijirev^r, if thefe lines appeaf 
lewd or inmioral, i% vmlj ferve as foiQC 
excufe for ibetching his power a iitde 
beyond what is warranted b)r kwi 
and, at the fame tin^. Sir, it wiS 
ferve to conyince yon and othenii 
what wicked minims there were j^ 
the rekn of K. Charles II. who fii4er-j 
ed fuch things, tending to corrupt thfj 
morals of the people, to be fpoke vgh 
on the fbig^ in their tin^e* 

Account of thf Trials of S^ritu 
Pyrates, for the murder pf 
Captain Edward Bryan, commander 
of the Te^kjbury of BriMi and 

RUNNING AW4Y with thc £ud 

fhip, November a. 1737- 

At a court of admiralty, held at Cafe 
Coaft CaftU on the coaft of Africa^ 
on the 19th of November 1737. 

, {JamesComewalJE&liYttfiAa^ 

g 'S ^ lieutenant Charh C^ford. 

V 5S I lieutenant Frederick ComrwaL 
I J)avidCricbfon,E^ Secretarjiu 
IStefben Ltfiingtan, £f^ Fador. 

Tlie prifbners being called, the indid- 
ment was read as foHows : 


" X T^ 7^«« Sweetland, John 
Y Kennedy, WUliam Bmcidey^ 
Ji John Reardkn, James Bm^ 
det, Jofepb Nohk^ and Samuel Rhodet^ 
ye, and every one of vou, ar(, in tJW 
name, andby theautnorityofourSv* 
vereign Lord George the Second, Kine 
of Greai Britain, &r. indided as W 
lows: Fonfinttch as it appears, that 00! 
the iecond day of this prelent mondl! 
of NovenAer, yoa were off of the x» 
ver of St. Andrev»\ on the wiadwaal 
coafi of GuiMif^ m the veOel caJtoi 


Digitized by VJV.J'V^/viv^ • ""^ 

JccouHt if the Trials of Seven Pyrates. 171 

^ iifmi/hfy Ga&yi bi^ngihg to Iwoniy Samubl Rhodes was called 
I feme merchants at Brijhl^ whmof to the har^ againft whom Tbomar Cb* 
I Edward Br^ was tht then mafler; MMfrdepofed, That the priibner was aC 

and tiat yon the &id y^mf j Stveet- 
knd, Jdm KinniUf, William BMcUej, 
y§hRiarden^ JdnuiBurdet^ Jofspb 
HM, and Samui Rhadesy abodt font 
o*ddck in the morning of the fiune 
day, by force and arms, and without 
provocation, the (aid Bryan did a^lnal 

the helm when the ihtp was retaken j 
that he knows nothing of his being 
concerned in the mnrder of the ma- 
fter i that he was lookM upon bv all 
the fhip^s company as a fimple kind 
of a man ; and believes he Knew no- 
thing of their dc%i. Alexander Wed- 

y nrardcT, by cuttiij him down the hr depofed, That immediately aftfr 
BC^ whilft he was afleep in his bed, the mafler was killed, heiaw the pm 

foner with a piM and cutlace in his 
hands ; that he ftood ccntry while this 
deponent was put m irons by the ar- 
mourer ; and that upon Jofiph NoUe^s 

vrdi 9X1 ax, and knocking him on the 
knd with the but-^nd of a mufquet, 
ad afterwaids thioiAring him over 
hard ; after which yon, with armed 

Ibi i>y^n ibrce^ took |>Qlieffiofl of the afkine him (the deponent) whether Ue 
l&d mip, confhied in irons fuch of th6 would go in the (hip or long-boat? and 

Ibcw as you could not depend upon for 
tanving on, and perpetrating your 
iridoedaiidpyraticarhitentions (which, 
fevever, through God^s affiftance, ^ou 
kre not been able to put in execution) 

his refjyii^, that ne would go in the 
long-boat ; the prifoner matte anfwer. 
He muft then go wtboui oars andfaih, 
Henry Kedton depofed. That about three 
o'clock in the morning, being on the 

ind ran awa^ widi .the faid fhip out of ibrecaftie, James Burdet the armourer 

l%jbt of lana, keeping in pofTdEon of came to the other fide of the fbrecaflle, 

& iaid fhip for uit Ipace of twenty where the prifoner was afleep ; that he 

ha hours ; by which you have com- awaked him, and told him that the 

Qittei die complicated crimes of Mur- Captain was killed ; at which he ex- 

fe and I^rracy : you are therefore preffed great furprifc, and cried ou^ 

hooght upon your trials for the faid Lord have mercy upon me ! that this de- 

fk^bdbie this court, and are to plead ponent perfuaded him to come and fit 

Gmkyy or Not gniky. What fkv you, with him upon the cat-head ; which he 

James S'weetland, John KenneUy, fni- did for about half an hour, and thcti 

Bam Buciley, John Bearden, James wfent aft ; and further he the deponent 

Bm'detyJofephNoblejZn^Samuel Rhodes I knows nothing of him. John Trattle, 

»e you eoilty, or not guilty, of the JohnBlackftony Samstel Glover, Wil- 

hSks nowlaid to your charge ? ' 

To which they feverally pleaded, AW 

Names of the witneiTes. 
Thmms C/oments, Firft Mate. 
nmms Hind, 
Jkxasnier WaOer, 
Benry Keaion, 

John Blackfion, ^ Mariners. 
Patrick Cockram, 
PhiBp fhomae. Second Mate. 
James l/km^s. Surgeon- 

The witness being proiaced, and 

Ham Gib/on, John Crane, Patrick Cock- 
ram, and Philip Thomas, depofed. That 
they were put in irons immediately af- 
ter the murder of the mailer ; but that 
being let out to eafc thcmfclvcs, they 
faw the prifoner at the helm. James 
Menzies depofed. That he never faw 
the prifoner in arms ; that he was e- 
deemed a man of no coniequence on 
either fide ; but that he fecmcd veiy 
well pleafed at the fhip*s being retaken ; 
and that he (the deponent) believes 
James Siveetland forced him to d6 
what he did. The prifoner, in his de- 
fence faid. That when the murder was 
committed he was afle^ ; that James 
Siveetland forced him to (land centry 


Digitized by VJV./V,W iv^ 

tyz Account of the Trials of Seven Pyratef. 

'«ver the fore-hatch way, tfareatniiig 
him with death ia cafe of his tefufal. 

James Swebtland being called to 
the bar, 7hamas Ckmmts depofed. That 
he heard the jprifoner fay ieveral times, 
that he had knocked die mafler down 
with the but-end of a mufquet, which 
was produced in court » that he always 
carried arms, dreifed himfelf in the 
mafter's dooLths, took upon him the 
whole command of the ihip; promiied 
him (the dqponent) that he mould not 
be hurt, but that if he chofe it, he 
ihould have the long-boat with a cargo 
in it, to go where, he pleafed witJU. 
Akxandir Wa&ir dcpofed. That the 
prifoner was all the da^ in arms, adied 
as Captain, and would have obliged 
him to go widi him ; and that upon his 
excu£ng himfdf, he threatned to (hoot 
him with a piAol he had in his hand. 

2 anus MettKtes depofed. That, as he 
y aileep without the cabbin-door, he 
was feized upon by James Burdet and 
Jobu Rgardem and, bein^; waked by 
them; he heard a ftroke given in the 
cabbin; upon which, looking in, he 
&w the kte mailer, Edward Bryan, 
with the fide of his face cut down, ri- 
fingout of his cabbin, and endeavour- 
ing to collar the prifoner ; who, upon 
that, knock'd him down with the but- 
cnd of his mufquet, repeating his blow, 
and reproaching ff^iuiam Bitckky, by 
£iying, Dasnn it, youftand by, and nuUl 
not lend a band; and that afterwards, 
the prifoner, with the ailiflance of Wil-^ 
Ham BucAUy, James Burdet, and John 
jRearden, and a black Mdw, after- 
wards killed by James Siueetlaad du- . 
ring his command of the (hip, threw 
the mailer out of the cabbin-window s 
Jiaving firft made hA to him a fcrew- 
jug, and two lead bars. James Men- 
sues likewiie depofed. That the prifon- 
er fliled himfelf Captain, and a£ted as 
iiich ; and that he had often heard the 
prifoner fay, that he had killed the ma- 
iler. All the other witneffes depofed 
to their feeing the prifoner the day the 
jnafler was murdered in arms, and ta- 
king upon him the command of the 
ihip; and that it was by his orders that 
they v^cre put ia irpWi The prifoner 

beii^ heaid in his de&noe^ adaHii 
ledged the fedb ; and only b»ved & 
mercy for Rtarden, Buckley mSKemuL 
fy, who he faid were feduced by AUi 
and himfelf. 

John Kennbllt being brought k 
the^ir, Thomas dements d^fed. ThU 
he faw the prifoner under arms the dai 
wherein the mailer was miuderM 
Tbomas Hind depoied, ThathcfawdM 
prifoner fbndii^ centr^ at the con^ 
nion-door at the retakii» of the (hb 
withablunderbufiinhisEand; whic^ 
upon his threatning to fhoot him, li| 
delivered up to him. Samuel Gk 
depofed. That juil after the fhip ] 
taken by the pyrates, he wanted 1 
come m> the.main-hatdi way^ bQti„ 
liindrea by the prifoner in arms, wk 
iaid. Damn you, youJbanU come >^pi 
t/you do, rUftmtyou : ,ttc after ' 
bid them not be afraid, fbrtheyi 
do them no harm; and added, duy 
fhould have rum enoueh now. Jmtt 
Menzies depofed, TEat the prifbner 
was all that day in arms, fecmed yerjr 
a^ve zfjjuxdk them ; and that he hiiK 
dred (him the deponent) and Tbmai 
Clements firom fecuring a pifiol in or^ 
der to help themfelves in retakii^ tb* 
fhip. All tlie other witnefles depo£d 
to their feeing the prifbner in anns thst 
day. The pnfoner*s defence amount* 
ed tp no more than that he was forced 
by Nobk and Siueetlandm what he did ; 
and that he was no wavs concerned n 
the murder of the maner. 

William Buckley beingb 
to the bar, Thomas Cle^ients d 
That he &w the prifbner at the'hdin 
the day the mafler was murdered; that 
he had arms lying by him ; and that 
upon his reproaching him with the 
murder of the mailer, he replied, B 
could ma now be behed I and that he 
muft fuffer for it, James Ensues de- 
pofed. That he faw the. prifoner at the 
lame time in the cabbin widi James 
SweetlandsMd the black fellow, when 
the mailer was niurderedi and that, 
upon James S<ujeeiland*s faying to him^ 
Dasnn you, you ftand by, and imU lend 
no band^ he &w hioi giyfii the inaftec 

Digitized by Vjv_/i_^vi\w 

Actmmt rf the Trials of SisvehPytatet. 

OtslallMr, andsfttmfMdtaffiftediii 
tliiximig^ iiiai «it of the cabbb-wiQ* 
Aowr; dnt ke «vas afterwards -afl day 
in ana^ and veiy afb^e ib raoaii^ a- 
wajr«icfadiefliip. Tkeotbarwkias&s 
dbpaiad to lus bein^ m arate die daf 
whetein the Captain was murdered. 
His (xriiaiftr acioaowkdMd dit fiias, 
hoc that he waspfe^raUeaopoiitoy 7»- 
M tkbU and ^oairj S^wufiaxd to do 

JoH« RftAftDSN bdne Inotight to 
the^iir, ^'SQMfCAiviir//£poied,That 
h»he&^ the ptifoacriay to ibme body 
apcm deck, rUtniftrrma hmty b^sfmfi 
IMA^ Mm, (fflouung, as he believe«» 
llieipaAeri^ and.thatlie&wdiepriioii* 
Ir widi a p^l m each hand the day OR 
Wkidi the inaAer was mtiidered. J- 
kmmder IPUK^depoftd, That he &w 
AepriloMer up mams the fame day i 
laj that lie h^rdhkn iky, nemaflw 
mm mw /i^(f iwmgkf imdimuldnevir 
kiS ba^ a inkMr tf us, Jmrns Mm- 
iw» depolbd. That the frifimer, and 
TamsBur^y fecured him as he hy lA 
(td; andrhat he afterwards few the 
prUboer hi «rm6 all that day, abd very 
temxHSs in nmnine aivay with the 

&L The reft of the witnefies depor 
to their feeing the prifbber in arms 
OB the 6gy the mafter was mttrdered. 
I&defimce omfifted in al!e<%ing thait 
lie WM ibsced and fedaced ^ jams 
C^amUokd, andreoniefledthathehe^ 

Jahi8 BvaOftT bdng brought to the 
i», Thmuu Cbmntti deposed. That he 
wtt in arms all the day wherein the 
naftcr was murdered, and very aftive 
in obeying yams Stveitlufuf^s oidei^ 
in patting fevenal <yf them m irons ; 
Cffiddiat in Making of the ftip, he 
made lefiftatvce with a cutlace. Pifi- 
^ fhemas depofed^ That the prifoner 
pot him inlfiMis $ that ht earned ahns 
the whole d|iy, and fwore he wottfd 
^ihttd l»r the {ffefent Captain, filming 
y^fius &wueUni, James MtmciiS de- 
f^ That the pr&ner hdped co ie- 
^■^hsn; that 4iftei- the maAer was 
.Kilkd, he' (the pHToner) went opoa 
<^ and 4]d, #< '^s ^iifsutmw ; oiat 
^ fitoied to be the moft adive man 

»ngft then, and was 
tiutMving the mafter out of the caX 
window; and would have perfuaded 
Jus confederates to have muraeied tfao 
laid deponent. All the other witneffts 
depofed to their feeii^ the prifoner in 
■ams»aad that he put them aH in irons. 
JosBFH NoBLi, being brought to 
the ^, 72»Kb» C^MffTi depofed^ That 
the priibner was under- anns inson 
deck after the murder of the mafteri 
that he Jaid the gmtings over them^ 
andcaOed to the deponent, and Mf« 
nmuu, the Second Mate^ Co kcq> 
down I dot bm» time aftenMuds he 
told them, that the young lads had 
killed th&mafter, and thrown him o- 
ver board; that he was forward and 
adive m nmning away with the (hipi 
that he flood oentry over them in anm 
till fome time in the aftetnoon, whcA 
^begafrfioreknt, £iit propoied, an4 
aften^rds ft^rwardedthe retaking of 
theibtp. Hm^ JCpsiMdtpo4tii/niMt 
the prifoner was inflnT i ry ^fn l jq f^ 
taki^thefhipj that he canied to the 
men who were in irons m gttn<a^ 
tridge, with mufquet and piiEpI iiot 
init} and that he told them; it was 
for their uie to help them in retakinc 
-the fhm. Jdimss Mnseia dqso&^ 
That tne prifoner was aAiv9 in roi»< 
nii^ away with the fhip, and afieiu 
wardsin retaking her; taat hepropo* 
fed to the deponent his kaving tba 
4ons;4>oat well Itted to ff6 away with« 
andthat he wouki hide himfelf in the 
bottom of the boat, and go with him } 
that he afterwards pn^ofed to the 
deponent the retaking of the Oiip, and 
was very atfdnous in contrivhy the 
proper meam ; which he at laft broufdic 
-to bear, and then gave a fi^oal to the 
faid dcDoncnt, andthe reft of them in 
irons, by firing a piftol when they 
fhouldinake the attack ; and that he^ 
at the fame inffamt, went aft into tbe 
cabbin, accompanied only with Jd^ 
BkuJifiwy where there were five of the 
conioikTates, and that, upon Bsirdith 
-making re^bmce, he ured a piiU>I, 
loaded with tobacco pipes, and wound- 
ed him over theright eye } uponwhkk 

Accnmt, of the- trids of S&UHt PyraUt. 


the icft nihinitteclf ftud bcMcd lor 
jnercy. All the other witn^i depo- 
6d to thepriibiier*s beinsof ^reat fer- 
▼ioe in the retakins of & flup. The 
piioDer, after oonfeffing that he was 
ooneemed with the reft of the priTon- 
erB in miming away with the ihip» fab«- 
mittcd himielf to the mercy of the 
court ) which he begged mignt be ex- 
tended to hisif in oonfideration that 
hefixm relented of the Clime he had 
committed I andhenotonlyjnropoledy 
bnty in great meafoKi perfefted.the 
means by which the ih^waa retaken. 
This, he honed, as he was no ways oon* 
cemed in the murder of the mafler. 

but Ibo plainly nianifrfted) noft faw 
fiUyaCbaedi Toihewn^rqr tkre* 
fofc Ibrfuch codmlicaicd crimes, would 
not only bean aa ofcmekyani imn- 
ftioe to ifn frffft *^ in gmrniil but Uloe* 
wife heap ooals of we on our own 

It mtHuns thi^relore, tot nle^ to de^ 
dare the (enfience that, for your moft 
atKHnioable and wicked pnoiees^ dds 
court hath pafli9d upon you i whkh % 

7iMr jtf, James Sweethod, Wiltiam 
Buckley, John Reardeut James Bur« 
det, JofephNoUe, 4md JohnKamrf. 
ty, an, and each rf ym^ u m t m4 pi 
and JmUtKid H h tmrriU hmckt^^ 

would entitle him to feme flare of fimn frmm nuUmt jm 

d emenc y from the court 

TheprUbner beins cairied back, 
die court cntred into the oonfideration 
of the feftral h£tM » and having ad- 
journed to three o* .dock in theafter- 
noon, all the prifeneiy (except £«»Dvr/ 
Modu) were brought to the bar, to 
whxmi the preiident feoke as fellows. 

** You have been Drought to your 
trials before this court fer committing 
dkemoft horrid crimes of Murder and 
Pyracy $ crimes which can only prcy- 
cred from the Uackeft heart, and 
whidi, in this world, can never be pu- 
nifhed with too great feverity. For 
the one, God Amiiehty has himielf 
dedared, Tlat Im 'uSt/itvtr Aali Jbed 
moM'sbkod^lywumJbaa bis Urnt bi 
Jked. Fordieother, the bws of na- 
dons, the laws of reafen, of equity, 
nay, of common humanity, require 
the puniflmient of death, fee mole 
whofhallbefo £urloft to reafen and 
humanitv, that, beoomiqg enemies to 
jnanWinrt, at the fioe time tb^ dip 
thdr hands in the bfeodof then: fel- 
low creatures, they oonfeire the rain 
imd deftrudion of thofe who gave 
them bread. Nor by pynM^ is the 
honeft merchant only qwilea and di- 
vefled of his proper^, imon which 
himielf and femity, andpotans thou- 
£uids, may, in feme meafnre, depend ; 
hot ^honour and&fe^ of our na- 
tion m psticohur, (tnule being its chief 
fuppert} ar^ by fuch hafe and vil- 
lanous a&bns, (wUck all of you bavp 

iheaciH ibe pkc9 9f 9xt€Miim, 
ibe w4Us rftlnt ajUt, and tbnt, v 
imtliflHld-marh, H bi ba^h ibi 
neek tiilyi an diod I oMdibeUr/bam 
auny ufia jmr jUt. Afkr ibii^ y^ 
and taeb tf jtm, Jball bi tabm dmOf 
antdymr hdUs bamfid im ebmmt. ** 

The icntence being pronounced, the 
prifentrBwerecairieo bock to pdfen» 
and Samttl Rb$dei bdng bioqgkt to 
thebar^ thecoortA from the channAsr 
and behavfenr of the man at hb trial, 
j acting him to be a feolifli half-wted 
man, and that, by bdng aileepwlMi 
the murder was committed, he W8S not 
prirv tothedefign; andbciw ftned 
by Jams Smifmiamd to ftaaf oentiy, 
or do as he fliodd otherwift cnler i 
fentenoed him to enter intoindntare 
fi» the lervioe of the Jtmfoi Afrkan 
company fer the fpace of five years, 
without wages. And then the court 
adjourned SU Vmdtty momii^ e* 
feven c^ the dock. And, the cout 
beh» then mtt, JM Ndh was or- 
derqd to be broi^t to the bar, to 
whom the nrefident feoke as MbwB. 

*' The lentenoe adjudge ttainft yo« 
by this court on SahiAn uJI, how* 
ever iuft it is, fer the wicked crimcB 
of which you ftand indiaed i yt(^ 
i^on feme oonfidentions, the comt 
has duH^t fit to mitqpte the bmk 
part of it.. The rcnfen fer it is, thlt 
nocwithlhuidii^ by die confeffion oT 

Accmmt of Father Bou o£ a ntV Amufement^ &c. i y^ 

^odier prilbnersy jcw bad die chief as this tnSt will prohiblx make fome 

hand in hyix^ this horrid fiheme ; yet noiie in France, a Jbtrt acemmt tf U 

h apfKanftrooghr in your lkvotir» by " 

the erncnoe of wme ox the witneiKSi 

that withoot your aSftanoe, they had, 

& alt probabaity, felled in tetakine 

the ihip ; and, con&auently, ib wick< 

will, no doubt, be acceptable to fudi 
of your icaden as may not fise the book 

It is divided into /i(fVf>6!Mw. The 

a co m b iua lion mnft kave pro du ce d in which the author explodes the opi- 

vevv difmal and end effefb. To the nion of /)^«rf^j. That beafts are i 

eflc( thengfo r e, thatin any future at- 

ttrapts of this kind, fwhicn unhappily 

afe but too common) the gate of mer- 
cy may not be flmtagainft thoie, who, 
hf their endeavoun, (hall (hew their 
fcpettta noeef fo foul and yillanous a 
deed, the court has thought fit to make filiSe the outward ^^ of many dtff^ 

machines, and that all their aftiODs may 
be accounted for by the laws of mccha- 
nifm. In anfwer to which he ames. 
That it is as impoffibfe to know that a 
man is not a mere machine, as that a 
dog n one ; finoe in die latter are vi- 

I an example of their demency, by 
fpaaidmg yon a reprieve from your for- 
ACT fentence, until fuch time as his 
Maicfty's fdofure (hall be %nified i 
deoaring and adjudging, nevcttheleis, 
that in the mean time you eater into 
boads lor ferving the R$jfdl African 
Qonpany, for the ijaaceof ieven years 
in whidi you are to receive no 
• AfyavAa^tSamktl Rhodes ttAj9- 

lent lentimenti of joy and fiuSnefs, of 
grief and jpain, of fear and deiire, of 
paffions. Of kweand hatred ; in which, 
thoofi-h theexpreffion may be difierent, 
it wiU be difflcult to prove the principle 

r which they aA not to be the fame 
aAttaiai um hnman ^ledes dpoit 
tha ftme oecafoas : and vcta fpiritual 
ibal is iriiat canoot eafily w alkwed to 
beafts; fince,afiOoidtetoChnflianity, 
they mnft then aeocfiinly have a para- 

Jhh HM exchanged indentures wMi dHe and a bett provided for tnem* 
^- ..__.--. _^ J _^^-^__t M, »|^ j^ fNmd by a condfe iketch of 

the opinions of tie ancients rebtmg to 
diss iiibjcA, Cffr. And this writeroe* 
fbws no fmall pah» to make i t ajrnear 
prdbable that ammals in general are 
^d h dtvib / who are affaned 
for the pnniflmiettt of uiehr 
Oneaimmient uf^d for ifriiidi 
Is^ That ieveraf tame, and all wiU 
beafts, areexpofedtpfocbfofibfingsof 
pain, hanger, &r, as cannot be fop- 
poied 10 £ infliAed on creatures void 
of offaoe. To oonoboiate which it 
isnraed, diatfiam Scripture it appears 
tbi aevili are miiu hiU ai frt/tut^ bat 
only 0jfiffmit9 ii ai tbi Lftdstf: as 
when Uuift find. Depart fim arr, ye 
emrfed^ hUoeverlaJUngfre^ preparedj^ 
the ^bwlandUs wq^eu ; whoice it is 
inferred, that damf^ the fire lUs fre- 
fared fat them, they were not a^alfy 
init: and where the devils qcAed out 
of the poflefled iay to him. Art theu 
imetetermentushefoK^mttitDel fort 
fiiy» Father Bowaat, if the ^^j^ 

the chief agents, and prindpal di 
ivAtm for die time being, according to 
their leveraiientences; and onSatar* 
day the twenty fixth, the other five 
male&Sors were executed, aooordhig 
tothe fentenoe given againft them. 

^0 ih§ aather^theScon Magazine. 
Si a, NenveafU, Jfrilij^, 

FAtfaer Boneeaat, a French Jefuit, 
has hitdy been axpeiled the onkr; 
and pot into confinement, for publifh- 
ins a ftort trafl, indtkd, ApkbMi^ 
ceaamafemfntwthelaapiateef Bea^: 
a tnatife which ia Ei^j^ua would Inve 
g^ven no nenner of ofience ; but it is 
the nusfiaaine c^ fmnc nations to be 
ft^vdaoA againft aay alteration, tho* 
ever lo great an anprovemenc, m their, 
va^;ar methods of tbinkhng : which is 
thef^eateft obftniftkn of any to the 
aimce of tmdi, and Ae banifhnimt 
of weak and miAakcn coaoeptkms of 
matters in themfelvcs impwiamj as 
wellasthofeof Ic&confi^aiapp. And 

176 J^coH^t of Fat^rHqpotATxr^s 

anally fufler the tortures of hell, wfaftt of ajakt, atreeisfirftcntat thtnalb 

teafonable meaning can be aflijracd for and £Uls into the lake i unmediatdl^ on 

this cxpytfficm ? and where St. lod^ which odier arti£cei8 work it; tamt 

iays, God keeps them in ewrkftmg cbnim prepare piles, others drive them, a^A 

under profound darhnefs^ /rWrefervesfor others ape fermiiq; the neceffiuy tiA. 

thejudbiient of the great day the an- bers, while another iet of then amt 

geb ^kh ipt not their faft eftstie.^^ topipyed in bringing clay to fill .» 

And if it may be allowed that beafb, the vacancies between the rafters ixA 

when they were firft created, might pr6- party-walls: which is brought by tlic 

perly be faid to be ^W, he ieems to admirable imrention of having one take 

thJiuc they have grown worfe of late her arms-full of clay, and make a kiad 

years j or elfc our monkeys would not of cart of her body, by lying 00 ker 

^ be fo mifchievous, our dogs fo envious, 
•r our cats (b ungrateful and perfidioiis. 
-—One infbance to prove beafts poifirffed 
with devils, is that of tlie herd of iwine; 

back, while others dras her to the 
place appointed: And, after their ama*- 
zing ftnidure is iniihed, no difpoiB ia 
ever heard about uking pofleffion of 

Ibr, (ays this author, as man has not two the difieient apartments, but age ai 

Ibuls, beafts have each but one devil 1 
and this is io very true, that Jefiis 
Chrifl having one day driven out many 
devils,, and they havii^ a&ed his leave 
to enter into a herd of fwine that fed 
near the fea, he permitted it, and they 
entred into the fwine accordingly. But 
what happened? Each fwine having 
his own devil already, a battle enfue<^ 
and the whole heia threw themfelves 
into the fea. 

merit are chearfiiUy preferred. Afl 
which are the moil evident marks of 
underftanding and language too ; taaot 
Babelt though in the Hands of inamm 
artifarsy could not be carried on widi* 
out one. — And, after foiue good aigis> 
ments in confutation of the commoaly 
received ideas of IniUndl, Father Bo^ 
geant asks, how it can be conceived 
that XMoJparrvwiy in the heat of their 
lull, or in the cares attending brinftiiiK 

^ea, II. treats <f the Necejpty 9/ u vp their femily, have not a thouJaoJ 
Language befween B$^i: under which things to fay to each other? and thinks 
' ' ^'' ' « « it impofBble, in the order of natum^ 

that a iparrow who loves his wife, lies 
not a lai^page full of expreffion and 
tendemek: He muft fcold her when 
ihe plays die coquet; he muft meoeoe 
the fparks who c6m'e to cajde ber^ 
he muA underftand her when (he calk 
him; he lAuf}-, while (he is affiduot^ 

article it is obierved, that language 
cannot juftly be fuppofed to be coined 
to any certain accents, or peculiar 
founds, fmce angels fpeak without a 
voice; nay, do not ourfclves fpeak 
everyday by certain looks, motions, 
and geftures? fo that, were a whole 
nation dumb, they would nevertheleis 

foon fix npon a langpage to anfwer all fitting on the brood, be able to praviw 
the purpofes of words: and it is there*- pece&ries for her, and difcern whe* 

ther it be food ihe aflcs for, or feathers 
to repair her neft. — Let a cat but &ew 
herfelf upon the top of a hoiife, or id 
a garden, the very ia9^, fparrow tbes 

lore reafbnaUe to fuppofe, .that each 

Impedes of animals are as little at a lois 

to convey their meaning to each other, 

asouriHves; for, were there not a hm* „ , ^ __. ^ 

guage among the beavers, for exam^ perceives her, exadly does what 

pie, how would it be poffible for them tind who fees the enelny does amengft 

to build their habiurions with that 

regularity and difpatch which is die 

admiratbn of men themfelves? tfaefe 

buildings never being attempted but 

by thirty or forty, more or lefs, in 

matnal concert, every one of which 

keejs tn the bnfinefs aligned him. 

Their edifices being erefled on the £de 

tis; he by his cries warns all his 
parnons, and feems to imitate the naife 
of a drum beating a march. Sepe^srA 
nearhisAnr, a dove star Ihe fesade ke 
is wooing, and aoif alter his mate, and 
theie is no end of their difcourfes. 

Sea. III. treats of the LatMtagt tf 
Be4sfis.r fiiidsfing, they fay; Wdue 

MWUjtmiM m 

jfaauftikei tiids do not fis^ 
but fpeak; wJiat is taken for their 
fi]^m& being no more than their 
natui^iaogaage; Do the mag* 
fygj the jof^ the raven ^ the mvA 
aad^dmK Bng? What ifukts 
jif Uieve they fS^y is thtir |QQ<- 
ful voice; Thus the Hotieni^is 
in AfUca feem to duck like Tmr- 
iff^fchy though it is theoatnnll 
accent of their laago^. Birds^ 
ID tUa ienfey nuqr te Aid to iing : 
but they 6dc not for finging*s 
&key aawewncythey dos their 
iaging is ahrsys aa intended 
faeeck: and it is conikal enough 
tttt dMere ihookl be thus ni & 
mdd io nnmerons a nation who 
mrer^ieak bat tonably and 019- 
tcalhr. Andletanyonefnppofe 
IttBimf in the (ame drciunllaiicea 
with a magpycy and die tone and 
aeoeat oiat latter will be per- 
Mhr ameaUe to what a man 
mid tty in the (ame circum- 
ihnoes: ** There is nothing more 
t» be had here. Let ns go t6 
txne other pkce: Where are you 
piogy Mate? I am going; fbUow 
ne. Gome qoidcy come in hafte. 
Wbereareyoa?HereIam. Don't 
voahcarme? Yoaeatall: Ifhall 
beatyou. IVho is coming there ? 
Iim afiaid ; have a care, have 
a care; alarm, alarm! let as 

fly.'* Father Bongeant, ia 

imWor to the fappofition of the 
hi^iiage of animah being lull of 
lepetitionsy ii^aaoes the Cbine/e^ 
aai ocher nations, whole ibands 
aie not eaiily diftingoiihed by fo- 
itignen; and thinks a man oom 
^ndf, and immediately attaining 
Ae ide of his ean, would think 
oar hagoajiije little more than oon- 
ftukt repetitions of thefame words. 
JBv this faint fketch of this 
work^yoawin perceive that many 
^Qcoladve aiguments f^c. are 
^AKBdit to itt^iftFate the fubjea ; 
^'^ ieems well worth the confi<^ 
^Ic^stkm of men of delicare and 
phik>fo(hical geniuies, and ap- 
peals tome capable of. grw im< 
fwrcmcnt, rmrs, &c. 

ibe lai^ia^ of Bui/is. 


To tU author of tb$ Scots Magazine. 



TH E author of the vcrfes I here fend yoo 
having joined with others of her icx so 
write upon Mr. DrydeiC^ death, under the kr 
Vend names of the Nine Mufes, ihe was foon 
after addrefiM by fome dabblers in poetry, as 
to a Mufe, defiringher inspiration ; to whom 
theft vi^rfes were fent in anfwer, in the name 
which (he had aflum*d, of, Tbt Heroick Mufe, 
but never publifh'd. If you think (though 
writ above 35 years ago) they may be ftaiba- 
skble noi^, when there are fo man^ pretenders 
to poetry, you are defired to iniert than in 
your Maraxiwi which will oblige one who 
may be nrther, though 

Tour uuhmun corroJfomUitf, 

Calliope*)! dire6b'ons how to deferve, and 
diftingHJfh the Mufes In/piiation. 

T/nuffje mtmirous daring tbrongy nubofirivi 
To gain thi dang^rout billy tvhere fe*u» 

Learn how the Jacred height you may attain, 
Andjhime among tire Mufes favorite train. 

Let none frefume the balliw^d nvay to tread. 
By other than the mbkfi moti^fes led. 
fffor a fordid gaiuy or glittering fame, 
fo pleafey nvitlmt inftruSting, he your aim ; 
To kwer means your grov" ling thoughts eonpne. 
Unworthy of an art that's aU&wne, 

Next try your jut^ment : — Ere your/ehu$ 
Jt^Jjf condemn, and praife what others wriu. 
IffonOous empty found you m^ affe^y 
Or labour dfcenes infytdly corroB, 
Denjoid of fenfe ftMme i if uncouth thot^ht, 
With artbfs toil far out of nature fought. 
Or trifling flay of words y delight^ more 
With glaring tinfel Jhewy than folid oar ; 
On the Poetic art your pains yoiiU *wafhy 
Jn cold produBionsy dulkr thanyour tajie : 
But if true worth alone your praife oftain, 
Whilft S— le, D— <v, B-re, yeu difdain ; 
Proceed, — emd hope by moral <uinvsy fisccefsy 
If ytn your welldireeied labours Uefs. 
. When for the Tragic ftrain you are inelin'd^ 
To draw the various paeons of the mind ; 
Jmbitiony hue or hatCy re^oenvt or pride y 
Wbm'ert^fordersbfOnuH fouls divide: 

Digitized by Vjv_/i_/v I 


Poeikal ESSJrs /ii A P R I L 1739. 

Ode ID Ukifbifimiiiii JoAnrsi 
ArgaiheRst Daoen. 

Ob Tifioriam prope Mmits psu 



Let ym^jufi fieue ibiir ruMi^ ^a^rove^ 
E'v'n 9ftb€fofiyfM Ua/i ftrmcimt, bve% 
hfiruB bow fun^ as if m ruim ient^ 
ney aUthi baffiwi/s they fiek, frtvem. 

J^ym aiimpi tie Come riffcuk^ 
ttfi} mi ahne the grojer hueve^ ot footi 
Sut all the gallant vices of the age. 
Of "which men hoaft^ fimldbb^ tipoti tbeftage j 
Vbe more approved, the more Afikidtbey are, 
Let tho nice 'well-'bred beast, bimfelf percei'ue 
^le n»ft aecomtU/h^d--ufeUfi thing aUve, 
Expofi the boith'fiarks, thai range the ttnun^ 
Shaming then^elvex with follies not their ovm 
But chief thofe foes to nnrgin innocence^ 
Who, <whi^ they mah to honour ^uain pretence, 
VTith all thats Bafe and in^ious can ii^enje 
^0 gain, or qnii fme fond debsded fbe. 
Deceit's aieft, fa^ vows— bnt gallantry. 
Let ov^ry Doriinaiit • s^ar a have, 
Adno falfemnfe, her falfer hononr fave. 

If bjf jiverer Satyr yon'd corre^, 
EoUfy the crimes of ev*ty rank deteS: 
Bnt ne'er dkfcend your confute to afplf ; 
•Tix vile Lampoon, behw the Mujes ignity. 

NaifitoPraife: each honoured name rehoarfei 
TecuHar merit moft deferves your verfii. 
By virtue digniffd, the hweft nasne 
L wortiy us, and ev^ry tongue of fame. 

Thus far dtpensb on your vwn casre and art, 
-^ lifelefs heap vjithout the Mufes part : 
^e animated fcene throughout injpirf j 
If, in the piercing wit of CovGHEVE dreft^ 
Each fees bis dnrling filhf made a jell'. 
If GAKTHandDKYDEn's genius, through each 

In artful praifi, and weH-turn^d fatyr, frine^ 
To us afcribetF immortal facrtd fame, 
JndfiiU invoke ^* aujpicuus Mufis name. 

* A loofe charaAer in the Man of Mode, a 
cdehrated comedy^ 


THE fbllotving poem, upon his Grace the 
Duke o^Argyk, done by a Scots Mer- 
chant, having had the approbation of fcveral 
of the heft ju^, as truly Clafflcal, wiU pro- 
bably be acceptable to the pubiick, and there- 
lore may defend a place in your Magazine, 

^trib* Tour huuUi fervant, 

. ' J. M. 

Mlitia, coiebemto Mufie. 
Div4tJomts Piiriijup 
Fimm Mlerto earmm MeiU^ 
FidiffisnmJ^om, gewaek dakii 
Fnefidmmpatri^, doee^bm^ 
Com Qamcanmsf^ enimfimo 
Expan^ Duaor Mania cermrtip 
Bafiemfue legujaaitasatm IS * 
f^imeulafi^puMsdahnrmmi i 
Jrdensfuturagbtia, ist b^mm 
Uiturus armis diam nuMSi 
LKtdit boHaior duelU . 
'' O eomites, Jocii o i 
^ Sferata muitmm vomi, mk, dks^ 
<« Funefta GalUs, grata Pom^Aas, 
** ^ reddet Em^fermme 
" Feedus asmcitiat^ ymgumfut 
** ServiU demet gentibus : emmtat 
*• Clangor tubanminpt^tiia.^Pm^ 
Bella movens metuemda GaOo. 
Tendensinbifiem per mmorainma,, 
( Res imminentis plena periadi I } 
Perdamna^perftragem^proceUm^ . 
Fbmamvomas,. aciem Jauffit, 
Firmatavallo trhUci, isl omdifue 
Defenfafwiindku, macbima K^- 
Imiia drcmnfitbninaate, 
Scaadit atrox inimica cef/ha. 
Ulius bor^e voce quis exp&eot 
ClademP quereUs funera fms foHik 
Phret Sei kOmfa, 
ScoTiCA quaperiit j u me n tu s^ 
^ hhtfa tendisf ftalia mddmoror 
Fandaf ) refirre Lee tr^ia defioti 
Dum vivit Argathelus bem,. 
Magnijkos perageus triumpbos:. 
Sekffa Regis robora GalUei, 
Ser^ feneaee J^tm, decus imferf, ' 
Formidinem aque Faderatim, 
Pneeipitat tacitas ad mdfras^ 
^uocunque ducit, dextrajecatviam 
Ltvi&a^ eedunt agmiaa dextorar > 
Non ante debelusta : ScoTUS 
:en CeU^. 


p0itiiaVESSArs in AP R I L 

Gslbu, (pmiutjicut m mkimtm 

Ctrtamem^J wims txflUmtiSp 

DmicMt ^Tigie : tnicidai 

Pmtem tramts €4tde Bntanmcamf 


Rmdii hmm grsmmrg cmfit. 
lirm^cmius perfida opmna 
GufFSSLLVi (hffiatfs ujfuetperi) 

* Rtt rn feudus \Mm^viptr boftet 
(Ugh rtwttfa ^ n»x^ mmufipti 

PROLOGUE, jpolttn die lOth of AprO; 
1739, at the Tbeatre-Royal in^ Covcnt- 
Craraen, on oocafion of Hamlet being adcd 
for the hme&tofSHlli%^s99,K%*%MmamHt» 
WritceabyMr. Thbobald> and fyokea 
bvMr. Ryan. 

[jnbe corcain being drawn uj) to (blemo mo- 
ficky difiDOVcr^d the ftage in moarning.) ^ 

MEihinkt to-wigbty I caft mf rf€s armmd 
With atue^ vSnd fkm H tread w hah 
AwV grmmd: 
fhe vaulted fceneaj/amti a gbm^iktad^ 
lake that where Jleep the wenerahlt deadi 
And ym^ afmstrainy in fleas' d arraf 
Are ranged f the Joknm ehfeemies f faf, 

hamrtisd SnAt,Esm,kK\ *Oiie thy claim admii% 
Ar, Ule thy Cafar^ thou art mi^ty vet t 
Thy fpirit walks abroad I tftt/ «/ «nr iMi6 
^fhe hmerary tomb thy right demands — 
Jam p mm ap er ymi mfteieratgraAmi^ not debt is paid, and, to thy mem'fyjnft. 
Vbrix tyraam ferfidi^ &r d^i We frefi to execnte the turns trn/lf 
B^Britaieni eerda, » atsget Faft rife the marUe^ and bng'&ve the pile, 

A bng feAeff msfi guard tbefaered tembf 
Where naterfs teng^i is mate, and Eniy damh. 
Britons f njoiih •oirtnms pridi yanr merit kntnv : 
Tou*'Oedme, what Kings, oftlld, were find to do. 
'^Then, when the Poet dfd, the Monarch nmoTi'd, 
And, iy command, his t^s were imtrtCd. 

The dne reJheQ yeeCftn ifs this tribute Jbonsm 
Be^aks the Poefs worth, and crowns your own h 
And, haplf hence fiudl fiiring new Tragic rage. 
And difiant^Vik%%^^^hfLiriJe to charm the age. 
What mufe can lof^^, who nutf hope to boaft 
Afamefr^bboming at the psiblick dftf 

For tie dead bard recehue our thanks andpraife. 
And make Usjharers of the tooAyou raife. 
Te Fairf, who haw diftingni/h^dfnnmrsfiewn. 
And made this PoeCs patronage your own j 
Vrgethofe,wbokgen^ronshearts confifsyear fiuay, 
7o fiUiw, where year nnrtneifoimt the wet^: 
^iuaSent, tn/e djeBo inani, ^ben think, this tile his honoured bones contains, 
\mxm ^Uebrit/abaem. And fieqnent 'oipt — here — the lev' d remains. 

*Afet of Ladies, who, for the two faift fea- 
ibns, had two plays a6ted every week for their 
entertainment; m>m whence they took the 
nameof TheSRAKEspSAR Club. 

Libera conditio 
yDmm fergits btfiis ndjfile fi^ktet 
Fud m emy fimris JkBAus obiia 
I Ritt^veba: fnafelk temit 
I J^enfii, mit mediOs in heftes, 

1 ybarteen feritus ancipitem jnbet 
\^4tvere, (certns sincere n/elmori,) 

Tm\ mmfpufiaSas isf repu^as 
I Aero dent renware belbtm, 
Bhfirii Heroi, Sficik eft Daces 
; GqainFV, fnos sff fsiot dedetss nect 
j Co^rejkinboc: ve^fefnlchra 
1 'Jwi^oLtsint csmmMs mtfue — * 
^ Sommmio m dn t tt s wribm, (hoe opus 
AStemei 0! qtua cnraBritanni^f ) 
P cnumpit teratas phalanges 
FiOor, ^ au/^ciis focundis, 
ImmHeie acer fnecipitim in/tlgam. 
^heperator vm&ejhucius, 
it, tnfi eAjeSo inani, 
ins latebrisfabitem. 
Proeedk audesn : fiena mifitrrimd! 
C ampus ncenti Frducigetdm madit 
OeMne, impktdfiffa 
Psufureis Jhviis inundat, 
bbrimie ^uamwe fiifpRcinm levat, 
Durifise GalU hue newffima 
Cifda efuebit, Du^oris enfe 
hetbiftro cecidsj/e tanti. 
Fimdeu difin fiaudis, bf infii 
Tafius Jmnruf ptrfi^turi meant 
Ei dans catettii, comtmnatur 
BiOa Petnfiacas in arcts. 

PROLOGUE to GusTAVus Vasa. 

BRitons f this night prefents ajtaie diftrefsd. 
Though brave,yet^oanauifiifdi and, though 
great, €fpre/s*J. . 
r/f/, (raining vnhure) on her wtalt i^^\. 
Her Peert, ber Ptehtes, fttt Corruption Jw^. 

^ i8o Ppetkal ESSATS in A 

fhiir rigksjfirpow'r, tP umbitkus tueakfy fJiv 
^[bt'wealtbf^ foirfyy fir fi^rflumu goU. 
Hnu§ nvafiing iUt^ bince Jeering faSimu rrfe^ 
Jbutoft^i large emrance to imnMig fint 
fhith, juflia^ Hmmr, fled tV mfeatd fime\ 
tor Freedom^ facrtd fretdmn^ noas m won, 
- n^My greaify rtfing ik ksi emmfffj r^Af, 
lipr berOy her dehtFrerjfnagtoUghi: 
A race <f hardjf Nortbertt fens be led^ 
Guiklifi rf cmrtiy imtMnUdy andumtttd\ 
Whofi in-bom Jpirits J^rtCd ib^igmbk fHy 
Wbofe b£Mds /corned bmdagty — fir tbiir bimi9 

nvere free. 
AJkye'whatlepwttbeircMmtring cauficemfifid? 
Great Nature's lofw, tbe law witbin tbebreafti 
RnH'd if no art, and to no fe3 confai'd. 
But ftamfdby Heofv^n upon tb' unlettered mind. 

Stcb, fucby of" old, tbefaft'bom natpues 'were^ 
Who breatb^d tie virtues ^ B RIT a n N i A V air^ 
Their rpabn when migbtf Caeikr ^ainfyfraght : 
For then with Caefar mightier Freedom /oughts 
And rude fy drvue tbe fasdd invader borne ^ 
To tyranni$se oWfolj^% venal Rome. 

ii^ir% exalted with a iindred-Jame, 
Our astthor pleads fir ev^ ry free-titn claim. 
He to no ftate^ no climate, tmnds bis pagei 
Be bids tbe moral beam tbrot^b t^rj eige : 
Then heyoitrjudgmnt generous as his f£im 
Ye fins of Freedeml fave tbe friend of Man. 

To S L E E P. [Dalkcith.J 

^r^Rtpitious Pow\ to wretched mortals kind^ 
X Hlfo, not content to foBtb the penfive tmnd 
nViihfoft repofe, difi /^ksuUdly deUght 
With various /cents our inteSeShtaJJigbt. 
Qfi, while, within thy downy arms carefid, 

^ A^^ ^ ^*^t ^fi^H ^fi i 
Freed from Us earthly charge, tbe wahfitljoul 
Fijfts thefiars, and ranges der the pole ; 
To difiant worlds tvith nimble pinions Jlies, 
And cUmbj with ea^ fieps tbe fteepy jkies. 
While bbt/Prpfg winds around m^ cb^mbir Mow, 
And all the ne^hVringfoUs lie bid infiow i 
Whilji, s^ncontrouTdj tompefiumss Winttr reiffu, 
Andftrips of aU their hmmy pride the plains ; 
Wafted by thee, fwift Fancy wings her vjoy 
To milder clinfcs^ where verdrosu fields hok gay. 
There, lightly Jkinming thro^ mild air, I move' 
O'er the green meadows and enchanted grove : 
Or, fir^d fy Love, an amorous cbace I run, 
Purfiing Di L i A tbro* the mazy turn 
Of Love\s dikding ways ; till, gentfy, fie^ 
Jh honour won, refigns herfelfto mi, 
J» extafy ofhlifi intrane^d I fy, 
^iltmonfs return^ andtbtn tbe pbtmtmsfly^ 

P R 1 L 1739. 

AGtrdener in tbia Bfiglilioa 
hood, a hudibae yooi 
fellow,and a batchclor, bcii^ b 
fieged by aU the pretty girk im 
him, who difcover a ddiie to^wal 
in his garden prefcnhly to aa 
other, oGGafiohed the fbUtmm] 
lines tt> be left OB the table in Ji 
fummep*hoiiie. I aa^ 
Abewick, rmarhmeJUifimsmm^ 
March 1%. Tw C 

ODE. ExtempoK^. ~ 


Survey' d fair Eden V bbf^ immd^ 

EacbtrHgnvo hot a fe^ dtMgh 
facbfirvSr bat half twgmTA ti 

And balfroBen^d bis <maf . 

^w fimetlnseg more bis Imnfietp Jnek 
Dij-fiol^d, iufpUeefaUcmemml 

He knew not what be 1 
'^His great CresOor, over kiaul. 
To chear hie tbm^bts, andfemtHk 

A beantemu confsrt font. 


Trm^^U hfich hUfs h^lov^i. 
Hisgratofklleart with tbmkt eV 

To tafle fiub jey nnkmtm ; 
Till^weaUy lifi^ning to tor tongno. 
On which his eartmfbndiy bmn^^ 

Hisfiate voas ovtrthriwn. 


0/ H— / if in EdenVjAn^ * 
Our genWal father weu botrmy*t 

By one fair nymph, mo weetof 
What core need you^ yonr frgio ti 

For ifiyoDt be west wnhm^ 

Can ymwitifiassdzfoottf 


To his Wipe, lookiqg ever U 
ihoulder whik he was xeadiiig< 


Digitized by •^ftfS^WVK. 

^ m 


BsUMgkmy Mwd the fomf 9/ £fi^ 
T§ rmiym aadritain bit tAnfi : 
^Bta htw, fmibjnt^ d*je tbink ^hvouU 
JFitbmtdtn ^utetu^-'Or even me, [Se, 
JfcAJehkt thuJUmld chance f attend? 
fmt ijcaxe refignyeeer glafs er friend! 

Lt anfruer, tZere/ere, to your query, 
^ te^ is, (with patience bear me) 
-^ Be was at choice, 'when ierjbe tcasid 

Ttegftber of, ffronetbat fkas'd bim : 
Whereas bad he. Hie m, been tfd, 
Orbke or hate her, to bis bride, 
T9 bis life's end, p rack or manger, 
Bidfioner gj^n bis crown to cbaige her, 
Haddingtoiiy Maich lo* 

fetkaatboroftbe Scots Maoaziks. 

SIR, Ltnden,J^il2^. 

rie art of pdEne increaies be- 
yond beli^: andWen the great 
HandellYuxokME has been acca- 
(ed tScenformis^ to this prevailing fbl- 
h\ inaninftancewhere (I cannot help 
ipeakiiu; with feme concern) there was 
tLe kaft caoie for defcending to fiich 
mean arts.— A new oratorio, a^ed 
IJrailiH Br/ft, was performed the third 
o^ttoa imall^ though veij fplendid 
andieDce: on which appeared a letter 
la dw daily papen Ml foueht with 
prai&s of the above piece; andintreat- 
oc, as a bfefling for the pablick, that 
Mr. ^smdell would fiivour the town 
widi it once more. And that Majler 
fMeUf^ out of his conffauit inclination 
toohlige, condeicended to this^reqneft ; 
sod the oratorio was performed, to the 
fivprizeofmyielf and many more, to 
a very numerous audience, headed bv 
f^ferfmages of the ereatcft diftinftf- 
on i and, two days aner, a feconi Ut^ 
ter was puUiihed, pointing out the 
beauties (» diat compofition, in fuch a 
nianner as will, if thepublick take H 
k^ a /pontaaeous complimeot, go near 
to have it yet once more repeated. 

The late ad for regulating the fbge 
^4i«idy produced fome unexpeAed 
.pp^wcaces; and at prcfcnt the oubUck 
» ofetd propofals rorprinting oy iab- 
fcnp^a tragedy calkd Edward and 

Eieamra, wnttea by Mr*. 71iomfon,t. 
author of the Sea/ons, btc. At which 
fome writers in defence of its being de- 
nied reprefentation, feem a little dif-' ' 
pleafed; while others think the author 
nas jnft caufe to complain of his treat* 
mcnt. — For my own part, I amper- 
fedly eafy whether thefo Tragical Gtti-^ 
tlemen are ever more allowra the ufo 
of the theatre : for, if Comedy does 
not next winter relieve us, I am under 
no fmall apprehenfion that we criticks^ 
who fcom to laugh in a deep foene, 
ihall lofe the art of fmiling with fuc^ 
oefs ; whereby many of our imarts 
wouM lofe by &r the moll frevaiUngr 
part of their rhetorick. — I have ftu- 
died, fometimes, I belipe, ibr not left 
thto five minutes togetlier, without be- 
]]^ able to find out the caufe of that 
iwarm c^ Tragedies with which of late 
years we have been over-run; and 
could never afib;n any reafon to my own 
fiitisfiiaion : £ice I fhoold think it 
mott probable to fucceed in a ^des 
of writing which owes its origiB to 
foenes of life In which every uentle- 
man muft fhare the pleafure of appli- 
cation, (as every Gentleman is, in fome 
de^|ree, concerned in them ;} than in n 
tram of actions, which, if th^ ever fcdi- 
fift at all, are not feen more than once 
inanagev and that never by thofe who 
are ipei^torsof the ufe the Poet makes 
of them. -^ But however the criticks 
may look up the power of a weU 
written Trasedy, I cannot help think- 
ing the moS admired of them better 
a£pted for letting the heads of an au? 
dience a-gadding after fcenes of lift 
which they can never orobaUy attain, 
than for fumiOiing them with fenti- 
ments which they can reduce to pra-. 
Aice. — Your countrymen have fnttci* 
ently play'd their parts with die Tia* 
gkk Mule ; and, were they to favour 
us with a few Combes to z€t in turn 
with them, they would, probablv, ia 
fome meafnre, remove the eeneraUy re- 
ceived opinion of their bcmgto^^isg-' 
matick for fuch- B'vely undertakings. 

But ,pO'bitps you preferve all your 
pieccff of mat kind till die opening of 

^ - J} d y«tt 

** "' • ■ "Jigitized by Google 

rt2 . A tetter relating to 

fowc own thetfiri h Bdinhurgyfy J^uil 
siah9ri*]f. ButfachaAoppofitionaroff 
agfuqft tki( attempt^ » will naturally 
put thofo Gentlemen w}io were moft 
tcikm in foUiciting that licence, upon 
weklung its confequences with more 
jklioeratioo than was at firft exercifed 
^ 9 that ai&ir . The petitions that have 
teen ptefentad on tj^is.occafion, have 
teen here read with confideraUe atten- 
tion, and.tbe reafont contained in them 
trtti; gmrfit^ i^froveJ^ and euKh af- 
fkidpd by tlio more mve and experi^ 
fnoed aoofigft us* And indeed tmuft 
"""p that, in m}^ own opinion, the 
W drawn, in the petition of the 
1 Provoft, vc. between i>94fo and 
^Mwrfif as equallv entitled to the 
tM^nefit of th^ laSe a& for redudiy the 
number of pby-houfesp 4/ pktes (T 
erode i and between the laft mentioned 
city, andOj^4fand Cmbru^f^ 4u«^ 
whftrfoUs^ Dean more wei]|;ht than I 
iras at Mwillii^ 10 imagine: — Tbo* 
}n the petition oF the Dean of Guild 
^ his Council, CsTc* I was a little fur* 
prifed to find/Kf^4^ie« and nviwJ of 
tiade in senem attributed to the iujlu- 
fi€$^mtlfuier$viXfiaoi^yty^i for, do- 
\o^ tne i|iort time you em oyod that im- 
proving entertainment, the perfonswho 
^PI)eared in it were fiur from boaftiog of 
jth9ir4:eceprion;— fbCf inaktterfiom 
ia manager of the company, he oom- 
plained, ttiat, if tl^y got a titj^ a bai 
(ashee^i^^Qeiredit} never fiuled to come 
lilonff With it, . 

J I do not think my (elf properly qua- 
lified to attempt deoding^ a matter of 
i'uch impoitanoe, and with refpcft to 
jMhioh Jt know myfelf atuched to ny 
yjWr of the queftion : Andafter this ac- 
JinowMpa^t you will. I believe, 
jnorejeadily^wmetoaedaie, that^ 
f» $tf at I am capable of feeing into 
^aWc^and tjieir cffi*^ I believe our 
|y>]f^i;ef$ i|i towi\ in a ver^ great 
oneafora owing to tb^ es^ibition of 
JPt^unaiic cojnpofition^ \ where evcji 
Hit, veiy nature of fuch aifinnblies muft 
-infpim a virtuous breafi with, thoiights 
' fuperior to yiee of any, j&ind ; and, 
-.tKAere fhe known jcafon aligned fbr 
fuch^ the hrfr^^vmnu of 

/if Stage, C5?^.^ 

0Mr awrei, and Ae refinM^ 9f mt 
mamurt^ it muft be the akinimd and 
^^wr^ only, that can pervert fo lifefti 
^ excellent an intention, to poipolca 
diredly inconfiftent with the dcfin^ as 
Well as the natural tendency oifiidr 
entertainments, — I knofw not how &IV 
iikleed, fome of the worft of our eAd 
^lavs may aftft vkioos minds : but^ 
m nononr of our imderm DnuimHc^wri'' 
fm, or rather, of our dijhmkg amdi^ 
encej, it muft be conibiM, that b fir 
is the dhtv ribaldry that once omdd a* 
lone'pleaie, from bemg countenanced 
now, that feldom a dmik iitttni^ m 
allowed i three of which, if t^pmat 
to the ^peSatoia. would be 
damn a play cf confideraUe merit; 
^m and Ariaif7 harft^ ban loiy 
baniflied to ftevfs and £WArik thcar 
JBtopvjIficis f rtAbtK4 : vimma^ 
not improbab^^ oe one reaibn i ^^it 
is now fo moA more dificuk to wriia 
^ play with fucceis, than when I 'a ii s f 
pfiauitmskmd for /i«ijrM aadan 
imhtidmttim wasaccortcd tor wsf,-^ 
What infiuenoea plav-houfe woald have 
in ££nlmgb, I will not ofer tocoim- 
6ure& but inl#»fa» it ia ^jPy 
ment of (everal men Whoexpieu tEe 
greatsft attentkm for oeconomy, tha^ a- 
metiffi; men of fortune, thofo evoiiap 
which are fpent in the theatre am ^ 
eiMvyitheci^A^, e^the^Efargf, and 
too fnfinul^ the mifi ra$mgl^ any 
during the v^kole winter. 
. tenefit-nights engtob alnmft thr 
whokftajpatprefent: andthoagjhit 
IS fiom them principally our OooidU- 
ans obtain fuppoct, i have often wiibai 
a means eould be found out to avoid a 
<uftom which is certainly not apeeablr 
to the iontiments of men pofiflbd of 
qi^catums neceflary for die fiag^; 
hpcanfe it fubjefh them loa omttnad 
dcpendeaos upon every fooe they know. 

4om,ffe. ^TwwMm. 


8 the ca&of theSacioiNG Ml- 
HisTias win probably be dvo 
of lome debates in the cafoins 


Gsutal ASsaAly, we hope a ikon 
nanatiaD of feme BQs relative to their 
ieoeffiofl^ will be acceptaUe to our 

ThcTe behg 110 fixed mediod lor the 
cfcordijiidicaSires to proceed ttpoa, ia 
letdav-Usniften ia vacant churckes, 
tnce £t aft (»f Parlianient deeam Amuf 
fcSsriag Patronagin* great difturbancet 
bfpeneii in different parts of the Icing* 
dom upon tbefe occauoos. 7V> reme- 
dy which,' the Geaenl AflembJy 1 732 
jnfled an interim ad, till it> fhould 
fl»fe God to icUeye the chorcfa of the 
grievance of patronages, veflJng the 
Towa«coiiBCil^ Heritors and Elders, in 
mjral burgfis, and in landward parifb- 
f^ (he Heritm and Elders, with the 
power of ekAiiu; and calling Miniftefs 
ff Pxeachors to lupplv their vacancies ; 
the perfim deftea to oe propoied to the 
coogrcgation fer their anprobation, or^ 
in ode tb^ diiappioved, that die rea- 
Som ihoukf be laid before the PteAf" 
taj. This ad was, in fiibfiance, mnch 
the iaae with the ad of ParCameat 
1690, which was fiamed bv the advice 
of fame of the principal Ptesbyteriaa 
ciogf at that tune, and with which 
ihe chiircfay bj aaunintecruptcd acc^ttir 
cfiaBce,ibew«d.her<ati8&d]oiS» Oi the 
171a; wben the Parliament, by an 
aA, rsftoead to pamms the power of 
mcfattiag Minifiert to vacant churches 
-taScodaadU However, the ad of Af- 
icmUy ijtz gave ofl&noe to fewral 
jBembsRof the church, whomaintaia 
ihc divine n^t of the people toa fuf- 
£nf» in the choice of their own pa-> 
Hon ; aad efjpecially to Mr.Ebenezer 
Eifcbe Minifier at Stirling, who /^i* 
fod aaiaft it and (evera! od»r deafi* 
ons Qptfac cfaach<judicatures with re- 
^rftiafettkwffntsofMimflefs in var 
caat chsrcfaes» ia a iermon at the o- 
MiDg of the Sypod of Perth and S tir« 
£1^. Thb was the beginning of the 
fnfiom that have fince follwed. For 
Ikt Synod ordered Mr. Erfidne to be 
idbofced 9it their bar for refledli^ a- 
Mft the pfooee£ng^ of the church- 
^idicatarca. Fvom which fimtence he 
«ppeaUto the AilemUy 17^1 ; who. 

JT HisroRr^ 183 

Idne to be rebuked at their own bar; 
which was done according^. To this 
ientence, as importing tlut he had de; 
parted fronv the word of God and ai>^ 
ttoven flandards of the diurch, Mr. 
£r0tine would not fabmit 1 hot proleft* 
ed. That he Aoald be at WhAtj ftilt 
to preach the &me truths of Goa, and 
to feeilify agMnft the iamc or the lik^ 
defedions of the church upon Alt pro^ 
per occafions. Mefll William Wilfo^ 
at Perth, Alexander Moncrief at Aber- 
nethy, aind James Pjlher at Klhcleveal 
Minifters, adhered to this proteft I and 
then they all withdrew. Wheiieupon 
the Ailembly paifed an ad, ordering 
the jprotefters to aopear before the Com* 
miflson in Augalt, and to lho\i^ their 
ibrrow for their dondod s and, ib iu^ 
they fluTuId refufe to n^tnvd their ortf* 
teft, the Commiffion was ap^intca to 
fufbend them hom the exercift of their 
piitoral office^ iff, . Ilie proiefteiv ap;- 
peaicd in Ajignft, but imi adhered to 
their fermer moteil i wfaerefipon the 
Commiffion {ufpended Uiem. ' In N<^ 
vember they ag^n appeared befoM tike 
Commiflion i who» find&ne they difre* 
garded the ientepce of fa^enfion, and 
continued in their former c<)ttHes, de- 
clared them no Smger Miniftm, tf iHf 
clmrcb, and their churches to b^ vacant 
'fiom the date of the fentfnce. This 
ientenoe being intimate to them, they ^ 
read a paper, wherein they made a &• * 
cdBion m>nr the Siurch, and protefle(t 
Thatf nolwithflandiif this (efitenc^, 
theirmfioral relation to their reiipeftvKO 
pari flies fhouU ftill be firm s(na validj 
and that it Ihdidd be Uwful and war- 
rantable fer thenv t6 exercTfe the key^ 
of dodrine, diiciplihe andgofvernment, 
accorc^g to the word of Uod,. the coa- 
feftonof fiuth, and the principles and 
confiitution of thrco^enafat^ Church 
of^tladd, TheAflcmblyi7j4fecm- 
ed to di&pprdve of die meafuret CaV.en 
in fbme former AiTemblies and their 
CommilSQns : For they repealed the 
ad 173*, pafSd anad infiivourof ml- 
nificnal fiecdom, difpitclied Commif- 
lianer* ft) addrefs the IGm^ and Partia- 
meni fix a repeal of the Patronage ad. 


turned a yom^ Gentleman out of hb 
church tl^t had been ordained by the 
preceeding Commiflion contrary to the 
inclinations of the body of the Chrifti- 
an neopley and impowered the S^nod 
of rerthi and Stirling, under certain 11- 
initationsy to reftore the Seceders to 
their minifterial charges. Some time 
thereafter, that Synod accordingly took 
off the fentences pronounced by tSe 
Commiflion in 1732 agdnft the Sece- 
ders. But they it^fed to come in to 
the church, which they laid had on- 
juffly thruft them out; aJTodated them- 
ielves into a Presbytery, afluming a 
power paramount to that of the church 
overall Scotland; andpublilhedapam- 
^let, intitl^ Jff, Deciaraiion and 
iTefiimofn, /or the df/frine, wcr/hk. Sec. 
of the church 9/ Scotland, in whicu they 
review the conduft of the church for a 
lon^ feries of years pafi, condemn her 
decifions, and reprnent her as corrupt- 
ed. Their party, is fmce ftrengthx^ 
by the acceffion of MeiT. Ralph £rikine 
at Dunfermline, Thomas Mair at Or- 
wald, Thomas Nairn at Abbotfhall, 
and James Thomfon at Bumtifland, 
Minmers. They are all fifled to ap- 
pear before the enfuing AiTembly, and 
lerv'd with a copy of a libel, the fub- 
^uiceof whichweeave in our lafl Afii- 
fflzine, p, 135. Yet they ftill preach 
m the fields, to very numerous audien- 
ces, in ieveral difoent parts of the 

Mr. James Bathgate, Minifler of 
Dalgety^ who was tranftxuted by the 
Comniiffion to Stirling nas given in a 
demil&on of his minj^erial chaige to 
the Prefbytery of Dunfermline. 

Wheat being now fcarce in Spain, 
five fliips were lately hired at the port 
of Leith to carry that commodity 

A great manv informations have 
been hud againfl people in this dty 
.for retailing fpirituous liquors, four of 
which being tried befbfe the Juflices 
of the Peace for the (hire, have been 
convi&d, and fined according to their 
circumftances. The Lord Prefidcnt of 
the SeSon, who was in the chair, re- 
pteftnted in ve^ moving terms» die 

K HisroRr. 

hdA confequences of that pemicioq 
pn^oe, how ruining to the c &mi try 
and deftruAivc of the; real advantage 
which might accrue to the natien b} 
encouraging the confbmpt of our awi 

The efhte of Luffnefs, in Eaft-Lo 
thian, was purchaied at a publick ioii| 
by the Earl of Hopeton, for L. S^^< 


A Large fubfcription of die 
chants, bfc, of London, lor en- 
couraging the Lmen manufaAnre ol 
Lehmd, is near oompleated. 

Some boxes of ftones, voided by per- 
fbn& who drank Mrs. Stephens*s medl^ 
cines, were expofed to view in the hoofe 
of Commons, and ieveral Gentkmea 
appeared thm who were cured by 
them, as did fome Ph^idans ahd Sur- 
geons, to ^e their opinions about the 
uid medicmes. 

The Captains of the royal navy mnl!» 
for the future, be reflrainM from car- 
rying goods or merchandixes on board 
the mips of war to foreign countries. 

Two perfons are ordered to be 
brought over from Dublin, fbrandh 
infi^ Scots Peer there lafl fnmmer. * 

The parliament of Ireland, which 
flood prorogued to the 3d day of May, 
is, by his Majefly*s order, farther pro- 
rogued to the 1 6th of Augufk. 

The I ith April, at ni»t, the new- 
born PHnce was bapdzra at Noriodk- 
honie, by the nameof EowAaD-Av- 
cosTus. TheDukeofQoeenfbeny 
was Proxy for the King of Fru^ the 
Marquis of Carnarvon for the Duke ofj 
Brunfwick-Wolfenbuttle,andthe LidjjJ 
Charlotte Edwm for the Dotchefi m 
Saxe Weifienfels. The ceremony wtn 
performed by the Biihcp of ObdM. *■ 

A latge quantity of ga»caxi' 
with 2000 iron ordnanccj^- were 
ped for Spain. 

The vidualUng-ofHce has provided 
nine months provifions for twelve mea 
of war, befides what are ready atj 
Pordmouth, Plymouth, Vc. 

An apartinent is taken in Gennmj 
fizee^ PicadiHy,ibr the conveniencrl 



t>r pooirTyns-m wmnen^ at the expenoe 
of imial m the nobility and gentry, 
who aie carrying on a fabfcriptioB to 
cftaMifh It. 

His Alajefty has fent a meffiig^ to 
thepariiament, defiring tliem to make 
a proWfion fbr their ^^ojtX Highneffin 
the IXdce and Pmceffes, up(m their 
jQirfm^ his demtle. 
71^ crew of die VsHihx, Afooly, 
'ly arrived at London from the Eaft 


oompleat her tiad^ and meetiif a apt- 
niih guaida oofta, (he itmk him. 

JW, 4r£/9. 1739. 
Tothe author of tie Scots Magazine. 

/^N Satm^iay was executed here the 
V^ notorious Richard Tuapiv, 
by the name of John PaJmtr. The 
i»ife this l^low made for i<mM time j^ 
Indies, fay, that in the iflandMataritiuSy the only apobgy can be ghren for troo- 
iiey ate of the Mermaid, and that its bling the pohbdc with any account of 

fomean, and, from whatever appeared 
of him here, if> ftupid a wretch. 

From the bed accounts I can come 
at, it appears, that about two years am 

lafte is not nnblee veal. It is a lam 
fih of about 3 or 400 weight; the 
lead IS particukrl^ huve, and 10 are all 
die ieatuns, which di^ but little 

from thofe of a man or woman ; the he camVout of lincohifhire to Broiq^ 
male having a beard fpor or five inches near Market-Cave, in (his county, and 
loKy and the female a ihort neck, lived fome time at North Carve, and 
andfaRafisexadly human. When they fome time at Weltoo ; at which places 
ase firft taken, which is often on the he pafled chiefly for a d^er in horfes, 
m&9 diey cry and grievr with great ana fometimes went a foorting wi^ 
kofibility. It is amphibious. the Gentlemen of the neighbourhood. 

Tliey write from Vigo in Spain, that The occafion of his being firft appre- 
fome fihermenhtely took on that coaft hended was his Ihootinz a &vountc 
a fbrtofmontor, or Merman, five foot game-cock: for being blamcxl by a 

and a half from its foot to its head, 
^wbich is like that of a goat. It has a 
loD^ beari and mufbdioes, a black 
Ikin, ffansewhat hairy s a very long neck. 

neighbour for that a£tion; he told him, 
if he would ftay till he had charg^ hb 
piece, he woula (hoot him aHb ; which 
was a manner of foeaking fo unofnat. 

fhortanm, and hanos longer anabigger that the mafter of^the cock, and the 

than they ot^ht to be in proportion to perfon threatned, eot a warrant for ta- 

^ leflof the bodjr ; long fii^n, like King him up ; and he refofing to find 

thofiec^ a man, with nails like claws; fecurity fbr his good behaviour, was 

very.loog toes, joined like thejeet 6[ thereupon committed to the houie of 

a dock, aod the heels fumiihed with fins correction at Beverly. On this, feve- 

irfemMing the winged feet with which ral infonnations were given againft 

pdafen reprefent Mercury. Ithasalfo him, concerning his going frequently 

a fin at the lower aid of its .back, which into Lincolnfliire, ana ufually fetum- 

Is tweke inches hmg, and fifteen or fix- 

Byaktterfifmi St. Eaftatia, by the 
^vay of New- York, we learn, that a 
Frttch tradiDg fbop frKun the Spanifli 
CQsfl tooched tiwre, Ubden with co- 

ing with plenty of money, and leverai 
horfes; whence it bqean to be general- 
ly believed he muft be either a high- 
wayman or a horfe^^ealer : and the ac- 
counts he gave of himielf being unia- 
dsfadory, a meifenger was fent to Lin- . 
coa, having 20,000 pieces of eight on cobfhire, to enquire the truth of wh^l.^ ,^ 
I }xaid. On the ooaft of Caraocas (he he iaid rdating to his father's living at '* 
I met with two Spanifh gallies of 20 guns Lon^^um^ in that county 1 . who re- 
tacb, which (he eiig^^ for twelve tummg with a detedion of the fal- 
\ honn, and, at hUl, obliged them to ibood ^ all he had faid upon that head, 
give over. SJie wa3 very much ihat- and a requeft from a Tudice of the 
terU io that fhe came m to St. Tho- peace in Long-Sutton to dcMn him, in 
:aaa to refit, and went oown again to ^'^ ^ 

Digitized by KJV.^'^^V iv^ 





cd^ CD Be trka fi>r ftme fifts diaiged 
ifKm him before hit deoaiture mm 
thence* he was lemoved nom Beverly, 
and by two men Conveyed to Yorlc 
caftk. While he by in coi^nement 
here, a letter was interecpted by his 
fthoolmaHer, who knew his hand-Wri- 
ting, wherriiy he WIS difisQvered to be 
the infiunoQS Richard Tnrpin of Effex« 
The following is the copy of a letter 
Ik reoeiYed frem his lather, then in oon<- 
lioeBent for iellinga horie his fimhad 

Dear Quid, 

IlUcervedyourkner thijiti/fant, wifia 
f^aidealafgrkf, dccordingt^yowr 
rtpufit Ibamt writ t^ynur brother John^ 
aid Madam Peck^ t9 make tvbat inter- 
e^lfioa can be made^ta Cebnel Watjm^ in 
mrder to obtain tranAeriation/oryenr mi/- 
/ortunei wbicb, lad I lOO L Iwould 
ftre(f part with it to di yon good, htbe 
mean ttme, vg frafersfor you ; and for 
God's fake J give your nvhok mind to beg 
rf God to fardmyowr many tranfgrefpons^ 
nvbich the thief upon the crofs recei'veid 
pardon for ai the jail bour^ though a ttery 
great offender,' Tie Lord be your comfort^ 
and receive you into his eternal Ungdm' 
J am. Your diflrefied, 

yet loving father, 
Hem^ead. John Turpin. 

Jil om^ kvei to you, who are in much 
grief to fubfiribe ourfehes your diftreffed 
lirotherandj^f with relations. 

Nothing remarkable occnrred upon 
his trial. The ftealing a mare and foal 
were flatly proved opon him ; and his 
defence conMed only of denials of plain 
h&& i and before the court he was pro- 
ved to be the notorious Richard Tor- 
jpin whoie fether keeps at the Bell a| 
Ifempftead in Eflex. 

The morning he was executed, he 
cave to five men who were to follow 
tne cart as mourners, 3 1. 10 s. with 
]la^bands and gloves, and hat-bands 
and gloves to (everal other peribns; he 
alfo TeR a gold ring, and two pair of 
ihoes axftd uogs, to a married woman 
.at Broafirh, though he owned he had a 
Wife ana child of his own« 

Ob Satmday la<l» the ythofipif 
he was carried in a car^ with foh. 
Stead, condeoued aUb for horfo-toBl 
ing; and behaved with amazing affi 
lance.^ Obe 
he mounted 1 

down with an air, and look'<l ittfM 
dently round him $ aad^ after ^;>ealaai| 
a whue to the topiinan» he flung lum 
felf off, andcacpued in about we mi 

lehaved withamazii»affii 
e of his kgt trembCMr 4 
1 the ladder, he fianipQ i 
an air, ana looked impa 

The aooonnts poUificd of his 10b 
beries, (ste, are trifling^ and no w&j 
anfworable to the tenor he for bam 
time ftrock upon the Eflex nx^ mxk 
other parts of ^mdands forwhichiei^ 
ion I ihall not ofinr you a tedious dt$> 
tail of foch trifling erents, but fah< 
ii;ribe myfclff 

MAaiTTMi ArrAiai« 

They write from Riga, that tksf 
are froze up very hard, and that Iv« 
fhips from thence, bomid for forend 
ports, were lofl the 16th of lilfnlc]^ 
N. S. near Salts and Hay, a fewka^Ki 
from Riga) bot the caMains and oem 
were all happily iaved. 

TheLoyal Judith, AtkintCdttndU 
fhomMurieilles, wvk)ftatthe noA 
oftheRhofne. . 

The Lydia and Lodana, Qapt LocU, 
from St. Kitts, comins updie Thanes, 
run afliore off of Maigate, nd wm 

Capt Davis Cockeril, wascaftannjf 
on the Seaton Sands; but all tfasavw 
were finred. 

The Barbory of SoutUnrv of Don* 
dee, David Greig, was q$i awajr ct 
North*Berwick, but all the ow e wtic 

The fhip of Tamci Qkknejrof M«*^ 
trofe, load with meal aad yarn, was 
cafl away at Gofwicky fire miiet fosdi 
of Berwick, and one snan and a bajr 

* ThefoipofWalterJohdbnofP^oit- 
iby was loft at the mouth of that kB^ 
hour, but the oew happii^ got lo 
fhore* * ->. - 

^ Digitized by GoOgk 

iyOMEs^iCK fiistaRr. 

Maiv» John 'layka-y was loft on Lin- 

I LoodonibrNewcaftleyiM^bftittYar' 


1 month lUadi» ml only 3 men of 17 
were uvcda 

^' The Old Bowes of Ncwcaftle, Fnm* 
ds Herman, was loft near Whitby, 

and the crew and pafio^en perifhM: , __ ^_^ 

A SpanHh ^oarda oc^ attempted iqpon obfenring a lai^ flitp, without 
faeehr to (urpnxe an Engliih tmdiiig mafts or riggix)gp except a iinaU nart 
MH beionguf to liveipool, on the of the fbremaft, aboat two miles irom 
^ * -^ Shehadpatoatialfc 

andjother tUngi of great value, with 
which C%pt. lierby fiilid, with a de^ 
fign of di^o^ of them in HoUamJ^ 
hot had the misfbrtone to be loft a lew 
days after, in hit paflage thither, with 
all the crew and cargo. 

A ftup.bodtad from Frederiddhall to 
RodieUe, Cajpt. Ok Aiaadex, was bft 

The inhabitants of FraseriburgK 

teft of Gfmney. 

CDkMOjrSy to liad them into the fnare; 

[hit bow Ibon they found their ffliftake, 

by FBonving a ronnd or gnis, th^ 

ooirdbd all their (ail, and made o£ 
A ihip was bft off of Yarmooth, 

oecafiomM t^ the baHaft running all 

on one fide, and live of the hands were 

A ibe Weft India veflU was driven 

afiiore between Birchiigton and the 

Ide of Hianet. 
A veflfel bound irom liiboh to the 

Weftem ifles was ktely loft. 

A veffil houpd from lifljon to the 
Itadeias, axbj anothier to F^;ueta, were 

The Grfnw Packet, Oapt. Wright, 
for London from Cape cooft, in the 
femoe of the African cosmny, was 
Ibondered at fe^i but the Ckptaii^ fe- 
vcial mflengers, and die crew, were 
Cwcd by Capt. Paul. 

Six Dutch fliips, bonnd from the 
feaft Indies, were hmgdetained by con- 
iniyvvinds in die i>owili. Tbn- 
markVi, that moft of their ciews were 
ISfCinih feilors. 

The William andBHaabethof New- 
cafUe, Ralph Burfield, is loft on the 
coaft of Boulogne, but the crew were 

A Spaniih floop, in her paffiige (mm 
ihe bay of Honduras to the Havanah, 
was ipft. The crew laved themfehes 
V7 getting on a Maron iiland, but af- 
ttrwards £unilhed. 'Oipr. Derby of 
Softoii havii^. inlbnnation where the 
wied;ky, went and took up 7000 
pieces of eight, 500 piftoks, a filver 
m-eaUc^ agdd cup, ieveratcmci&fiesy 

fiiore, mann*d feveral boats, and made 
np to the velieli but, to thdr forprisse^ 
found her entirely definrted; and what 
became of the crew remains a lecret. 
The greedy lilhermen took this oppor- 
tunity to nlrnxkr the Ihip, b«t were 
prevented oy me godd-natnr d mler- 
pofidon of Ibme of the inhabitants, 
who came with a ur^ of Ibldiers, and, 
after a Ihort fcufile with them, thqr 
iioifted fomething like a fiul on die 
broken Ibremaft, and, towanb nigh^ 
got the veflSsl b^ught near the Ihore. 
Dn examinadon diey find fhe is called 
the Felton, belono to Ipfwich, and i» 
loaded with dmber mm Norway. 
She is reckoned of about 400 tons bur- 
then, and draws 24 loot water. The 
ropes are lb blieach*d, and part of the 
cai^ b fpoiled, that *ds thoi^ht the 
'Ihip has been a long dme without her 
crew. The Lord Saltan, who is Snpe; 
ricMT of Fraaaerlburgh, affifts very gene- 
rouHy in fecuring the goods. 

l^REFsaMSirrs Civil. 

THE Earl of Hyndferf, — hi 
Majefty^s High Commiflioner 
to the. Genenil AITembly. 
"The Earl of Buchan, — a Lord Com- 
miflioner of Police* . 
Sir John Eyles,— ^coiyunAPoftmafter 
^ Qencral with die Lord Lovel. 
Jolm Cpurand, and Andrew Stone,— 
Deputy Secretaries of State for Scot- 

• Sir Robert Byng, — Governor of Bar* 

The Lord John Raymond, — Grand 
Matter ot the Ancient anfi Honou- 
• lable 

Digitized by v3v_i<^/V LV^ 


.nble Society of Free and Accepted 
Maibns in England. 
William Kilpatnck,— Clerk to tlie 
kooqI of tailzies, and inventaries 
of ^leirs ferving cmm beneficio. 


Bci^tdier Cope, — Colonel of General 
Pearce*s ro^oit of iiorfe. 

The Lord Cadicait, — Gcr^mor of 


W31iamWaine,E(q} — to Mi6 Fie* 
mingy eldeil dav^hter of Gilbert 
Fleming £iq; Lc. General of the 
Leeward lilands. 

Sir Alexander Macdooald of Slate, 
fiart. — to JUdy Margaret Mpnt- 
gomeryy fiUcr to the Earl of Eglin- 


The Earl of Delorain, coufingermatt 
to the Duke of fiaodeoch, at Bath. 

George Watlbn, Efq, great uncle to 
theEarlof Rockif^ham, and uncle 
to the Earl of MaSon. 

Dame Chriilian Scot, Dowager of 

Andrew Gairdner, an eminent mer- 
chant of Edinburgh, and a confide- 
Table dealer in the manu&Aures of 
this kinedom. He was long Trea- 
furer of the Trinitv hofpital. He 
was the £rft projeoor, and a very 
confiderable bene&dlor of the Or- 
phan hoipital. 

Edward Carteret, Elqs oncle to the 
Lord Carteret. 

Mrs. Cofiel, a rich maiden Gentlewo- 

. man, the bulk of whofe fortune eoes 
to Jbhn Dou^ merchant in Con- 

Samuel Boyle, Efq; a near relation to 
the Earl of G]a%ow. 

Sir Thomas Moncnef of that Ilk, Bart. 

Dr. Saunderfon; Profeflbr of Mathe- 
maticks in the univerfity of Qun- 
biictee. This Gentleman, though 
blina from two years of age,^ by the 
firength of a furprizittt; genius, and 
dofe application to ftu<fy, attained to 
fo great a proficiency m his ar^ at 

to be accounted one of the^maii. 

raatheniaticians that ever lived. 
The new4>om ion of the Lord Vifi 

Sir James Elphinlbne of.Logiep B 


Mrs. Janet Scot, Lady Middleton. 
Mr. Geaiy, Engineer to London bri<%( 

and the new river water-works. 
William Leveibn Gower, elddH fbi 

and heir to the Lord Gower, a» 

brother to the Dtttcheis of Bedjbsd 
Edward Ridder, the famous pafliy 

man, who had taudit near 6ooc 

Ladies the art of palry. 

DitdwiiUn the nmSs rf tin tUfft* 
dmlmrgb^ mut htfied in the dw^/ri- 

Men 23, women 23, chUdicn 62. U 

all, 108. Decrcded this month, 7. 

Ace. N*. Diseasjes. N*. 

Under — 2 33 

iSc 5 

5& 10 

10 & 20 

zok 30 

30 & 40 

^40& CO 

50& 60 

60& 70 li 

yoSe So 3 

80& 90 1 
901^100 I 

OUage — 4 
Confumpdon 33 

Fever 20 

Small-pox S 
Tcethmg- 4 
Chin-cou^ 23 
Siiddenlv — 5 
Convumon 3 
Cuicer — t 
Strangmy — 2 

Rdfy I 

Overbid — | 
Still-bom — t 


THe alliance lately condnded be- 
tween tHoiit Grand Seignimr and 
the Great Mogul has redoo^l 
the Sophi of Persia to a neoefEty df 
abating much of his demands late^ 
made to the Porte; and the hig^ chiii^ 
of that Prince are now faid to be ooffl- 
prifed in thefe three articles: i. lliat 
the Grand Seicpor fupprefs (bme duties 
hitherto leyied upon the caravans of 
Perfia paffing through his dosunkms ; 
2. That niet|iods be taken to put an 
end to the reli^ous diffetences tnatdt- 
vide ^ iubje& of the two esapi^ 

. - -- {^g^zS^^^^f^J-^V-^ . \ririk 


withiefpeft tpthefedsof AOiaDdO- 
mar; 3. TJiat die Grand Sdgni(Hr 
make good his promife of reftorins to 
Peifaicertain number of fiuxuliestaxea 
priTooen bv the Tarks, or pa^ a fnm 
of mooejr iff way of indemmiScation. 
And as it is improbable that thefe ar- 
tido will be difficult to fettle* tbofe 
tnv powers may now be confidered as 
opoo amicable terms. 

Jb a late divan held at Constak' 
riiropi.E» ibr fettling the operations 
of the campaign, at which the Kan of 
the Crim Tartars affifled, who was fent 
fin* by the Giand Seignior on purpofe, 
k was p ropo fe d to the laid Kan to make 
tdivemon on the iide of the Ukraine : 
hot he' represented, that fo uncertain 
was he of what motions the Ruffians 
in%ht make» that he was obliged to be 
upon his guard, that he might be in a 
condition to repulfe them if thev (hould 
letnm into his country ; that what with 
the Rnffians, and what with the Tar- 
tan, who lud done all they could to 
deprire dieir enemies of the means of 
fiibfiftence, two thirds of the Crim were 
rained; that he was not able to mount 
above 40,000 men on horfeback i that 
with this boAf of troops he (hould ob- 
fere the motions of the Ruffian army; 
and that if the latter did not make any 
incuifion into the Crim, he would oi- 
deavoor to invade the Ukraine ^ain^ 
* orto&voarthefiegeof Afoph, in cafe 
the Grand Seignior ihould perfift in his 
de%D to attack that place. ThcOiand 
Se^iior approved of the r^;0lations 
propofed I>y the Kan, and has alfo gi* 
?en orders for reinfordng the iquadron 
which the OaptainBafhawistocommand 
cm the Bkck fea, with eigftt fnltanas, 
or men of war, and fourteen gallies. 
The laft advices fiom the Baffiaw Count 
de Botmeval, fay he is fick, and nar« 
lowly watched in the place to which he 
is baniihfld. 

The Porte is under fome oneafinefi 
cmaoooimt of the progrefs made by Sa- 
it-Bc^-<^u, (fon of a Bafliaw who 
nvas fiiangled bv order of ibite, and 
his eScQs feiaEed) who continues mafter 
of the mvinces about Smyrna, and is 
M¥ ikia to be joiwd by Ae Bafiaw of 

HIS TO RT. 189 

J^byloD, lately revolted fiom the fer- 
vice of 'the Grand Se^or ; and it^ia 
apprehended that their armies, when 
joined, will be able to employ great 
part of the Turkiih forces whieh wew 
mtended for other puipofes. Notwith- 
ftandingr which, it is oertam the prept* 
ratkms for the campaign in Europe jp 
on with 6ie utmoft expedition. 

Complaint having been made by the 
lepublick of Poland to the Kaits of 
tlie Tartan', who rav:^ part of the 
Poliihdominionsin retuminefrom thetf 
unfuccefsfol expedition in the Ukraine^ 
thefe chiefs plead in their^excuf<^. That 
their troops knew not but the niOam 
they t>illaged belonged to Raffia ; but 
that, in order to re&fy to their utmoft 
the bad confequences of their miftake^ 
the fubjeds of Poland who had been 
carried into iUvery (hould be fen^ back, 
and reflltution made for what damagei 
had been done by the Tartars. 

The armies of Russia take the field 
vciy (lowly ; and the operations intend^ 
ed for the enfuing campaign are not yet 
publilhed,nor,probably, rtfolved upon: 
and among the various reafons affigned 
for this ieming delay, there is not oyie 
we think worth communicating to the 
publick ; chufing rather to wait the 
oifcovery which time muft make, than 
offer oonjefbras which the nextpoft 
may prolSably contradift. A marruM 
is concluded atPeterfburs between the 
Princefi Anne of Mecktemburg, ore* 
fumptive heiiefs of the throne of Rufo 
fia, a^ Prince Anthony Ulrich of 
Brunfwick Woljkmbutde ; which ha« 
given great joy to their Imperial Maje- ' 
Sies of Gennany> the Emperor haviog 
very mudi inteiefted him&lf in the 
match; which tannot but be perfeAly 
agreeable to his Imperial Majefly's de* 
fixes, whatever proipefts it may affiird 
to fome other crowns. 

Vdt Marihal Cbunt Wallis isfet out 
fiomViBNNA to take t^n him the 
command of the Imperial forces in- 
tended to a^ agdnft tne Turks In the 
neighbourhood of Belgrade, wdicre the 
Ottoman troop are »id to be ftroi^ 

in number and amunitiODi C^^* . ^^ 
4H M»4M««* "^ n . letters 

UK^ec" y '' 

/ VJV_/i_/VL\w 



letters from Chocadm fay, tliat 25,000 
inen are expedcd under the cannon of 
(hatplace, z^^QOo under Sorokka, and 
40,000 under Bender. 

Lettenpfrom Rome mentkmfineqoent 
conferences between his Holineis and 
ibt Chevalier de St. Geor^, at vfhkk 
the Chevalier's eldeft fon^ is fometinies 
preient ; from whence his friends con- 
jedure that fomething of importance 
relating to hb in^er^ is certainly up- 
on the anvil. 

Accounts from Corsica e;row oKMe 
and more uncertain every oay, which 
js by many attributed to the fldll the 
Prench haye in concealing their own 
jnfuccefs, and the bfluence they haye 
over the publick mtelligenq^ of 'Exir 
fope. However, fpite Qf all the arts 
of French and G^noefe, |t is certain, 
f hat the Kfarquis de M^bois is arri- 
ved at Calyi in Corfica with fome troops, 
to take upon him the command of tiie 
French forces in that iiland ; to no Or 
ther purpofe than pronouncing the na- 
tives rebels, and threatning them with 
rigorous punifhment if they do not jn- 
ftandy ftri)ce to the French flag. — But, 
when the unpardonable pen^dy of the 
Genoefe upder the mediation of his Im- 
perial JAajeRy is confidered, who can 
wonder to fee them rii^ue the lafl drop 
0f their g^erous blood, fooner than e- 
yer ftoop to a yoke fo o^n experienced 
to be infupportable ? — By all advices 
it appears that ^e native Corfiqms are 
in a tolerable poflure of defence ; and 
not a free breau can think of their lone; 
fufierin^^ their condu|6l, and their ot- 
ien-trira courage, without fiiaring in 
their misfortunes, and wiihing their 
fuccefs: for f^c)l has now for many 
years been the valour of thefe people, 
that their ftruggles for liberty mufl be 
allowed to eqi^, if not to exceed, the 
inofl fhining inftances in ancient hifto- 
Xy } when the fmalncfe of their num-r 
ber, their confinement to fo (mall an 
iflruid, and the prodigious ajds lent their 
f nenues, are cohfider^ f All which ren- 
<ier that brave, though muph injured 
people, an example to all modern ftates 
V^hich are fo unhappy as to fall under 
ppprefiioii I linc^ mm liiem it is evi- 


dent how formidable a Sew united fay 
the facred ties of virtue, and alove o4 
liberty and of their country, are to « 
large number of men joined only by 
the fand-ropes of the pay they receive i 
efpedally where they are fQrek;ners to 
the interefb thev are hired to (fefend. 

Ber/tM^ Jfrilio. The ^vy Coon- 
fellor Wilkers, who was detained in pri^ 
fon near twelve months, having been 
convided of mal-praffices in t£e nut* 
nagement of the tinanoes of the new 
marquiiate, the Kii^ has condenmol 
him to be whipped, and then fenc to 
Spandan, to work at the whed-bau-^ 
row for his life. 

Though the above fentence may hy 
fome be thought a very fevere on^ 
yet it mufl by all be owned a very }xtt 
one ; fince by it his Pniflian Majeftjr 
has fhewp it is his judgment that asfy 
a fi^ouqdrel can betray his truft ; and 
that a Privy CounfeUor, when tieadi-f 
crous, lofe^ every proper mark of No* 
bility, and is fitter m a wheel-barrovr 
than 4 cabinet. 

The difpute between Denmark and 
Hanover, relating to Steinhorft, is 
broi^t to an amicable canduficm, by 
means of a convention faid to be con- 
cluded between the courts of London 
and Copenhagen ; whereby Steinhorft 
is to be evacuated by the Germans, ti]| 
the pofiefiion of that place be fetded by 
ympires, or courfe of law. 

S{)ain, France and Holland, affiml 
pothine material this month ; the coarta 
of Madrid and Paris being empbved 
fo much on the intended marriages oer 
tween them, that fcarce any thing cU^ 
is mentioned from either. 

By the Paris A-la-maip we are tdd 
that they write from Mocon, near N6- 
gent, upon the Seine in France, that as 
^ couple of men were digging a grave 
in the church-yard there, they tume^ 
up the hesid of a d^ perfon, which 
they threw upon the grals { but it ha4 
not lain there Ipi^ ere it was perceived 
to move. The rellows went in a very 
great hurry to acquaint the parlpn ol 
the parifh, that a faint had be^n fn? 
(erred in (he very plape where the^ 


weieatwQik: wherenpcm theparibn This general flood makes all the ncotf* 

went immediately to the fpot, and was Ikries of life dear. We had an account 

fo foipnzed at the prodigy when he iaw about a week ago, that nine (hips, fup- 

it, that he cried oftf, J Miracle! a pofcd to be Dutch, have been <afi a- 

Mreck! as did alfo the left of the 

ijxdatars: and not beii^ wUliis^to 

mi /ram fo precious a relick, he Tent 

lor iun crucibx, his holy-water bottle. 

Ids fiupUce, his ftole, and his fquare 

cap^ and caufed all the bells to be rung, 

(Dgive notice of it to the parifhioners j 

I ijio affemblii^ together in great num- 

\ hers, he oiderDd a diih to be broueht, 

I whcmn he put the head, covered it 

with a napkin, and carried it in pro- 

ceffiotn to the church. The people had 

g^ieat difputes by the way upon account 

way near the Cape of Goodhope. The 
Prince and Princeis of Orange dei^ 
to 00 to Breda for the fummer feafoo. 

TVarfaw^ Afrili^, The letten frona 
M. Komarowiky, the Polifh Refident 
at Bender, not oidy confirms the orders 
given by the Kan of the Tartars, to 
lend home thePoliihpriibners; but add» 
that thot^h the Grand Vizier feemed 
to be fecured of the &vour of the 
Grand Seignior, yet the great number 
of his enemies at the Porte had taken 
^ . , X -» the advantage of his abfence to act him 

of the ieveral claims ot amnity to the depofed ; and that the Grand &ignk)r 
facred Icnll : but they were ioon pad- had siven his poft to Ali Packa, the ' 
lied; fi>r when the head was arrived at Sera&ier Baihaw of Widdin. Thia 
the church, and dlaced upon the high news is confirmed by letters from Ka- 
altar, whik 7> Deum was finging unon minicc. The Grand Seignior having, 
the occafioB, juft as thev came to tnat outof pure friendfhip to the late Grand 
yerfe, ^e *ujMe church thratghout the Vizier, given him one of has lifters in 
mforii deth achnwk^e thee^ i^c. a marriage, the latter thought himfelf 
JBiole kajped out of the head: upon cock-fure that this match woidd proteft 
which difayvery of the cauie off its him againft any difgrace : but hishaHh, 

haughty and inflexible temper, and the 
death of feveral Baihaws, whofe be- 
haviour he had rendred fufpicious, rai- 
led fuch powerful enemies againft him, 
that they at laft workM his overthrow. 
This Vizier was the moft enterprizing 
man that has been in his poft for man/ 

modop, the parfpn put a ftop to Te 
Dexm, sad the inhabitants went quiet- 
ly home. 

HagMe, 4ril24. O. S. The two 
Coil^ies that have the infpedlion of the 
dikes of this province, met laft week, 
to concert how to diain that prodigious 
quantity of water with which all the 
meadows ^x^ ftill covered, ^nd, if pof- _ 

fibl^ CO make a channel for it to run 

fotoi^ fta. The okkft man llvinfi; Register of Books. 

does not remember the waters ever io A Philofophical amufement upon 
h%h in this country as they have been j[\, the languM;e of beafts. Tranjla- 
this year, the cai^ds not being able to ted from the French of Father Bougeaftt, 
"" • — a J ejuit, expelled tie order for writi/tg 

St, Price 1 8. 


d)fckm themfelves into the rivers, 
whkhnave been prodigiouQy fwelled 
fior three months paft, The wind 
iias been continually a( W. andN. W. 
So general is the inmidation, that the 
whole province of Holland looks like 
afca, to the vaft prejudice of the peo- 

• The tragedy of King Saul, pr, 
Tafte, an cflay ; by J, S. D, S. P- 

By 'which Utters *we mtfi not akvays un" 

derftandf Jmathan Z^joifi^ Dean of St. 

Patrick^ Sy Dublin^ great names being to9 
pk of the country, who begin to want freauentfy ufed on 'very little occafians. 
lay for their cattle, and cannot hope to Mr. Oldmixon's hiftory of England 

Ethem to grazing before the 4O1 of during the reigns of Henry VIII. Ed- 
y, which will be as foon as the ward VI. Q^^Mary and Q;^ EUzabcdi, 
meidows can be dear of the waters ; Which nmtt ''ff^t^jJ^f^S^f'!^'' s 
^ thing that Mvcr happened before, Ligtizeibyvjv^.v^^i jtary 


192 jlRegiJiercf BOOKS fir APKIl. 1739. ; 

L^fia oxationes ^fiaginentaiGr. Im 

/my of ibi reignt •/ the rv^al brnfi of 
Stewart much mere mfeful^ and the two 
^fehoHes <wiffte aJuUer biftery of the R£- 
firmOthny 8cc, thorn any yet extant^ at 
kaft for fime fttrpofet. 

Efiay onavil power in things iacredL 
pr. I s. 6 d. 

A fyllabus of anatomy ; by G. Thorn- 
fon, M. D. pr, i s. 6 a. 

An imitation of the fecond epiilW of 
the hx^ book of Horace, pr. 1 s. 

An account of the lives and works 
of the mod eminent Spanifh Painters. 
Some thinks the Ivues and works of the 
Sfanip? PoUtUianf wouU, at this jtat- 
Bure^ meet with merejkccefs. 

Modem hiftory; hy Mr. Sabnon, 
Former Ijf fublifiiei in mtmhers^ and now 
toBeSedinto 3 tiohtmes in 4/0. pr. 3 1 3 s* 

The hiftorv of the Englilh Baptitts ; 
by Tho. Crofby, 2 vol. 8vo. pr. 10 s. 

Nineteen letters of the late Dr. 
Hanunond. pr. i s. 

Genealo«ries of Jefus Chrift \ by Ed- 
ward Yanffey, B. D. pr. 5 s. 

Second part of a dialogue between a 
Baptift and a Churchman, pr. i s. 6 d, 

Miferies of the mi(erable» with re- 
gard to the woollen trader, pr. 3 d. 

Trial of Richard Turpin. pr. 6 d. 

Vindication of a defence ot infant 
bapdfm. pr. a s. 

Difcourfe on confirmation, pr. 1 s. 

Divine legation of Mofes demon- 
fbated'againS Mr. Warburton. pr. 6 d. 

A funher reply to Mr. ShephenTs 
auvei iifement 1 by J. Wyntery M. D« 
pr. I s. 

Eflay towards the ch^raOer of Ma« 
dam Champapeze, a fifif thai latefj^ 
died near Cbartng-crofs. pr. 6 d. 

The timber-tree improved 1 by W. 
Ellis, pr. 2 s. 

MarmorNoriblcienfei or, a prophe- 
tical infcription in monkifli rhyme.' 
pr. I s. 

A journal of the iquadron nnder 
Admiral Haddock \ by the Rev. Mr. 
JLuQiley. pr. i s. 

Chronologia Enudeata 1 by C. 
Younfi^ M. A. pr. 2 s. 6 d. 

Penepolis Illuinata; a defcription 
of the ancient and loyal palace of 
Pcifia. pr. 7 s, 6 d. 

Lithiafis anglicana, or nature of dl 
ftone and gravel in human bodies ; ^ 
H. Bracken, M. D. pr. 1 s. 

Short critical review of the politic^ 
life of Oliver Cromwel. /« <wbki 
fariicuLar notice is taken rf bis metbm 
of mahng treaties, pr. 4 s. 

The country correspondent, pr. 6 4| 
A an/wer to Common Senfifs eicconset ^ 
a di/tnte between Lord Strutt and Spun 

Pblitical reflexions upon the finanoei 
of France, pr. 4 s. 6 d. 

Remarks on Mr. Chubb*s vindica- 
tion of Im tniegofpd, by C. Fleming, 
pr. IS. 6d. 

The infpiration of the New Tefia* 
ment aflerted. pr. 6 d. 

Remarks on die review of the De* 
moniac controveriy ; by T. Hntchin* 
fon, D. D. pr. 6 d. 

Ciarenden and Whitlock fiothcr 
compared, {m-. 2 s- 

Impardal examination of the 4th 
volume of Mr. Neale^s hiftory of the 
Puritans ; by Z. Gray, LL D. 
pr. 6 s. 

Philofophical experiments ; by Ste- 
phenHalesy D. D. F. R. S. pr. as. 6d. 

Efiay towards laying open the decay 
of the fine woollen trade. 

Obfervations on the preient tafie of 
poetry, pr. i s. 

Grobianus ; or the complete booby, 
pr. J. s. 6 d. 

Cnnfbanity the Ibl^ true, and in* 
fallible way of lik. 

Letter to Mr. TboQUs Chubb; by 
R. P. pr. I s. 

Xenophontis defenfio 8c memorabilia 
Socratis» Gr. Lat. pr. 3 s. 6 d. £- 
dit, nov. Edinb, 

The life of God in the fpul of man ; 
by H. Scoi^y A. M. ibmetime ProfeA 
for of Divinity in Aberdeen. fFitb a 
recommendatory preface by W* Wt/bart^ 
D. D. Principal if the coUege of Ww- 
htrgh, pr. bd. 6 d. or 5 s. the dozen. 

An appeal to the unprejudiced, coo- 
cemiif the prefent cufcontents oca« 
fioned by the late convendon. pr. 6df 

Maignry, a poem. pr.6d« • 

T H £ 


May, 1^39* 

To be eontinned every Montli. Price Sixpence each. 


W£BKLT E&ys. Importance of 
ParliamentSy and the advantage of 
kcving them o^xn chofen ; D^ger 
attcii£ng tumultooas Preaching; 
Qoeritt to Mr. Whitefield ; Fatal 
copfeycnces of Licentioafnds in a 
GoVemmefit ; Obiervations on the 
Condna of Mr. Whitefield^ A pri- 
vate conveHadon of Mr. White- 
Md ; A method of confeffidn for 
6e afe of the Women Methodiib i 

ThePmchbeck Ag^; The fobjea 

of Parliaments contisneds Defence 

itf the city of London ; A letter 

to N 8 P ^n Eiq; Muaer- 

inafier General of the minifterial 


A letter from an Engli^ Gentlemalii 
relating tp Trade m Scotland. 

Poetical Eflavs. To Mr. Brook^i 
on his traoedy of Guftavos Vaia i 
On ieeiog M— m V— te*s pifture i 
The Northern Star ; A fit Compa« 
nion I Song^, CsTr. . 

Dome STICK Hiflory. I^roceedinga 
of the General Aflemblyi The 
King's letter and the Afifemblv^i an^ 
fwer I Debates relating to the Se-* 
ceding Brethren i Sublbnce of their 
Dedinafure, and of the A^ of Af^ 
fembly thereupon i Maritime Af« 
fiurs; Pxtfermems, Deaths^ £sfr« 

FoRErcN Hiilory. 

-'* of B0OJCS4 

EDINBURGH: Printed by W. Sands, A.^rtmer^ A. MunRXr and 
I Cochran. Soli! by the Beokfi^eis in Town and Country, and at tM 
nintiog.4io«fe in Burnet's Oofe. MDCCXXXIX^ . 

Of whom may be had die Nlt^taUmi fen ^ four preMcdias xxmAh 

C O N T EN T 5. 

'Weekly ?«8ATt. JUi^m^ h ih trumnal mu t^^mtff 

\XYAisfirmrlf alinuiJifpar- „<*r»f** -i^ ttt ^^.is^m^** 

AhiUmmi ifutiehf^tfl^ lb. J l^n rtkthg f irUi imSatlm^**? 

OccMT^t^^firgmg tbm A. ^^^ lf7imrUI ^ tbt Britf^ 

jbpmiMtt fit frtpuHt MV fariM' •'* 

n*I^^ i! ' ' '• i— « POETRT. 

^Tbt^T^Waddrnprathk ib. «««n*r «-r— J\? ^•jir4r» & 

total efeasoftntbufiajm 4ol wwwtbbun^fi lb. 

AofmkHatimn^ithUr, Ifmfkti 2og . . DoiiESTiCK HlSTorr. 

. Ac^fftfficMfir th Wmin Mfthdffls ib. /VirM%i y /iv GmmlJffimif M 

Omi miftahn in tb0 fiur ages t\o JSmgULdHt & 

•tflead , ib. MaHhanfOeSiaJbt ^ 

'rfPincbhe^l ib. Mantmt ogmrM S54 

Cmtrtien^ ^ahioiSfkc,9Hlf Pinchbeck iiz BrefiummU^ fSc* S3| 

G^tbiektbebeftfirmefgeventmeni ib. MertaUt^^itt SJO 

JB fi w fai MP A / m i -mn a all ab u fi i^zil » . »>.^ iv 

gjtcbMmef^Kfma<^Ib^giaxe,ib. '"^ ^T' .~ 

SpBe^rwtfsffwmrftbehiilfir/re-,, }Ug0ertfJMtt. i^ 

fttnt parliament 3». 

^ . , ^ - ' r^.-i/-Ai^i* ' 

Sevendl otherPoems, &IV. ^re come to baQll^ ^xAkb cooU not M iafaltf 

MwA. W« hope 9W Oont^wQch^ 


. .. 


71k Scots M^azme: 

U A Y, tn9* 


r V telb*iu. tlkatdieftittme6. 
\ «K deferves ttie attentiMl of 

9w>?f mmkr ff the bgi/laturii ill 

lAich we are indivlv agreed. Ife 

qibfa the fiift part or the hUf Ibr at- 

UiiKMet i but leavi^ ont the htt€r 

ttit, whkk contains the fiwiff, Mni 

ffiewB the difiacnce belwten our 4mci- 

mi €omJHham and £he frefitrt ; fot it 

ii» ** upon pain to every of them (b i^- 

fR^, oft" oBJntptg iBmfifPbeSf iQ any. 

other noDier. to lofe all thoii.fiim if 

•iw)r, which he or they A^kUla or oi^, 

^ Inve had, for his or thei^ ^AGBs.'* 

ft win liot be dirpoted that ihoTe^ tPfao 

axe paid for their ah^niancit nave Hb 

iijimioedane theiJly if their/^jHxu^/r/ 

lop their <iiwMr, for riot ckuitt what 

they ut hired to do. ^t this fhews 

die eAenttal difference between tfiK-AMf 

ind m2snv forUamnis^ in which (hch 

n^ nnmbetf of the ttfrtfiktrntwis noW 

^cobiye ^«M||«f fiom die <y«9«w. Iblbr- 

mer dines, there wert Jrifuim ntto 

fwrHm^y and always but JiM ftp' 

\ •^' J^Ht* were theq pdu4 ^ tfo 


oftharinGupadtytop&y. I^WsWcre 

likew^ made In iavour of tKe Qentry^ 

Aat carforaiHiu (hoold compel nofte 

fo«^^msry9«ni^ for tfetem; 

ivm not onhr wews tiiat it ^(ras e- 

Seenied a hirtben^ but wtiat a tcftiiSdef- 

able fimter of members l^ere fetit by 

caiebftlJ^inteRft; whaft'A^XtfM^ 

>MHr tbie(kefinttbem. intkoiettBn^ 
th«ywt!ie dl mnted- bi one «id the 
fiOneilMMift: TheftpanAxteftlKiii 
into the tMidai hamft, tke 9hHi^ 
Mryi^y and th« JMnrm/ mt^^, is m 
niddera imrentioii of itf^MAnrand g^ 
v^fto^ll'* nir^i9'A0BMKrfaavebe6& Abos 
aiterCa w mcfay in uds leipet^ bjr 
tSefr ing Mitmmkff that g Jim h 
IMuOiJxpotkMz ffilfitMf pkti^ mi 
eten ait is died id fatfloence lAMw. 
Nothing fliewi dtis difotttoeof thiagy^ 
lAaftruigerliriit, thaatSiehenriiigof 
Zriv'iiA/ imtMdftx tbe bu; meafes of 
€wiif ^virtfd ittctit^p nBtiing lOftH the 
peat injury that if done lolieirrAnii^ 
and the mat a dvantay of bemg m 
wnnAer tffdtUaMtnt. ray, thff TOjr 
kw$ themfdves^ now allow grtatu^ 
MoAUs tjb be Doid tir the eam^m, for 
the iojnries oone Urn, in dfjtkajing 
him fiom what wasibrmeify thoiq;hC 
i iuttbut. The rat foms, that aie 
BOW (pent to obtain a^«ri Aevirr* 
uf or die ffiarket^^rices of hmgh, 
accotdilig to tHmumt and fifUmUi 
farUmmthtSy and moft phoes King now 
^vto td kofkbersy too phinlr ihews the 
c&aie of this ^troHm^ ana points ouC 
ihe otdf Hmif. 

The miAiftetsof K* ChurbsU. weie 
^ fenfible of tte db and abnTe oF 
fm-Ssmnts. They were the firft, wbO 
mtroduted the art of goreming by ror- 
hftm. The ettafy at die r^hnMk 
intoxicMtt ^ tiatibn to fikii a derrefc; 
that they coold hanfiy Aink themtdtes 
&k^ whitt dieybad any MmyhSt, or 
iatf€dtnjrthMths4wa»i*cd. We 

'uipizecl by VJV/^^^V l\w 


196 »^eekfy ESSATS 

are oertaiiilfiBudi obliged to tJidegreat 
and honeft minifterSf Cl^rttuhn 9xA 
SoKthmftw^ bx floppixif the firft iiiry . 
of thofe times ; by which they gave 
the nation an opportonity of cocmi^ 
and coming to a better imderfiaiKling 
tX thwown hatr^. Thtfrfi^^tbefi 
IMU Lords was afterwards fappofed to 
have fufiered, upon that acconnt ; for 
the €CKrt thoaght that he did not a& 
enoi^h, when i,200,ood /. a^jretf was; 
granted for defnying al/t^ expends rf 
tbt gtmrnmni ; (for fo much beine 
gonted, they thought whatever had 
been aiked would be fi> too ; ) a fum, 
thoi^h nothing in comparifen with the 
pxeient times, for thoft ufts^ ytt it was 
thoi^t vaft and dai^eroos, m propor- 
tion to what any King in £isr|Ze»u/ ever 
enjoyed before, and was juftifiable on- 
If by the tranfport of thofe times. It 
mbled the £1^ to keep up %.faitding 
wrmff thouffh a verv fmall one in com- 
wrifim with what tne nation hath been 
vnce loaded with ; a nower unknown 
in the hands of any of his predeceflbrs; 
and fuch a one as kid the fbundadon 
of all the fiibiiMuent progrefi of itrU- 
trarj power. AU the abfurd notions 
and do£b-ines. upon which his twofrt- 
diciffirs had Doilt, and by which they 
vainly flattered themfelves with hopes 
of enflavxng the people with 'wonbf 
were enforced by Uew^ as much as pof- 
fible. The contrary notions, and real 
good a£U for pre&rving the Kherties of 
tbipeopU, were exploded and repealed; 
particularly the aa for triitmiat parUa- 
ments, becaufe it had ^ven a iet of 
wicked men an opportuni^ of deftroy- 
ing the oonHitution, which the original 
^pofirjptetended to preferve. The 
gttut fAtbife mtn was made the pre- 
tence for mdicating all principles of 
Ehirtf^ as a thing dangerous in itfelf } 
nor were they dcScient in enabling laws 
of this fort too. 

. If we view K. Chatks II. in this fi- 
tuadon, with refpe^ to former le^ns, 
he feems to have' been in full enjoy- 
ment of nz-^Z/r^j^/pav^, abounding in 
fwealtbt armiess and the power of ma- 
king /m/, for his fuppott alone. This 
fttccefs was certainly beyond his ezpe- 

fir M A Y 1730. 

AatioB I and therefore he ooul^ 
ferefce any end of it. His love ai 
pkafuro zmfr^ufim made him ncceC! 
fitous. Thejnftapprehenfionsof/raffd 
and Popiry^ and the many vacanciea 
that hi^pened in the Anis^ ^ GanMKf^ 
tRSti^ anoppofidon, which enabled 
^friinis of UboHy to make a Aand 
i^am. The views ot the ^vwr/ivcre bet- 
ter known. The ht^h oftbeparlimmtnt 
had givhi dmefera thonn^ ao^naint- 
ance with every mmitr i add ^et this 
parUMunt was not comqpted with fat^ 
Jmup till'itstwelfUi year, 1671, wnicb 
was firft b^ai by Lord C/^^ Thiaj 
was b OQDtranr to the very eflencc «if 
AparUMmnt, that they have eyerfiiiae^ 
beoi bxanded for it But it is forpr»% 
to find fo much notie nadc^ ael 
it, shout iigiiieM pn^Smrt tM faf 
Ef, who received amongft tnem 
ySoo, potfvdt a-ytwr} though, if it n 
oonfidered as the introdofbon of whaif ] 
hath fmce followed, the amassementof 
the thing ^t that dfliej together witk 
opening a n^ /cent of ^ifventment by 
it ; we cannot he^ ; 
who exprefled fo much jealoufy qwH 
it, anddothemhonour by (hewing thtf 
diiSerence between /ii^ /twr/, aBath%r 

Nothing confbonds the trut ftaUtf 
/Af «^/ fo much, as applying oar ^r;^^ 
iieasff them txi^ fame ndms^ inyfir- 
SMT times. Some people are apt to i- 
magine, that all the /2»:^^m and /M-. 
fimeri confla'ndy Vdted according to the. 
cowrf% diredion, in thofe dmes, witkit 
out coniidering the difl^nCe of the in« 
fancy of what they haVe at hSi ftov 
with fb much labour, brought t6 sw 
twriiy. The very nodon of always fH 
veming by a cormpi majority, was too 
ereat an abfurdity to be fwallowed, lA 
Siofe dmes. ArtitrafypoturfUidPo^ 
pery were then too dofely conneAel* 
together for any fchemes of that 
kind. The nodon of the peepWi 
maJung their own fetters, and the 
name of the peopled cbnfent, by their 
reprefintati'vesi for the fervice of the 
eroiwn^ and the mm/Ur only, could not 
enter into the imagmation (^ ^F^ 

Uicjitizeci by yj V.J'V.^ v iv^ W^ 


mekfy ESSifrs mMAY 
in, mibob ^mes. AUtheviewsof 
$/ikran t^wir were then, to rule a- 

ione» i&Doat the liame olf a porba* 
The private interefts of thofe, 

who were oomipted^ were djametricsd' 
(ruffofte. Their fimdamexual am* 
son ivstt^ Not io fiarve the vrtnm^ {or 
£ar of 4 ^ohaimi i and joot to mve 
too nach as TLjtandh^ rev^mu^ fi>|'7esur 
•f bag no loii^r necei&jj. UpoQ 
Uisfrmc^t their whole conduA tuin* 
d| and all their ixtrturdivmry groats 
\pat deteiminable at ihort periods, 
ne danger of ttligim was the ihoDg- 
"" Ual9 upon the minds of man/ per*- 
~ I and upon all, in a grei&t <^giecu 
r iuiU/ aplttthended, ^tlT^^^- 
^»fcr^ was once loft, their tk/U 
t would taon follow. Pariia^ 
indeed, had ibriaerly chanoed 

nligion tf ihur tmaOry^ acoorautf 

io the views of the crwm ; in whicA 

Smj gave new inftaaces of their power. 

But ucy never gave up the Mertia of 

' tiieit tmmtry^ or niade themielves tb 

fiai99es and iooh rf pem^. The intereft 

tS the ^Mt muku^ as well as of i«* 

^^Bmbtsit, hath always prefenred ns 

bom ahUmJUnnry^ though often at- 

tenpced. No ^tmptMtim t§ numbers 

could ever be equaLto it. The very 

defapadefiroyed the nature of the thing, 

uAxkuai futMn MtilUf, 

ntfkfrinciflN carried laiety to ¥/» 

md gfreat odium iBOthfrt who iet the 

irft precedents of conruption in Jbia 

iffemifi thoiigh they received the 

WOBCf of the eourty and often voted 

•gainft what their hearts was moil bent 

wm.' How difierent are the times 

face, even in that point of carruftintf 

Yet the damonr of .the whole nation 

ion very h^ againft themi and intro- 

4noed attempts to pot an Old to It, ftr 

tiieiutuie. The»ftinftancewasina 

billf brought into the hmje rf tacdsy 

an xfae year 1675, t§ prewnt the datt- 

^t^ 9v£uh maji arifefmtt P^fo^ difaf- 

Jt£Mi$ ihi ffuirnmint. The jviie le- 

xaedy ^thiawas, to make- the nation 


akar tht froteftant KeHgion, mnxi e^a- 

Ui/hiihf lanji) in the Church of Eqg- 

bnd, har tSe goierhmini of tbts king- 

dm, iv church or ftate^ Mitiswrwfy 
btw efiM/hed. This occafioned the 
nropoial of another oath, to be taken' 
By the netmbert of farUanenty for prc- 
feryiiK the indefendtn^ of farUcmaii^ 
fiom the influence of the ovuw. 
. This, with reports (bread abroad o£ 
their cmiftion, were the oocafion of a 
tefi^ fer parging themtxobtt^ andiiin^ 
Mcnting thehonmir iff the houfe of Com* 
snons, iy fwtmnng^ as they did» That 
they had not, £riSfy or indire^fyy rectp- 
ved w^ fum of money ^ Sec, fwu tH 
^ day of January 1672 . Tlus pointy 
out the tmie, when it was funpofed 
that corrufiian was fiift introcinced; 
and likewife ihews how few were in* 
fluenced hy fuch wothiti^ as well as hov 
aeoeflary the reA thought it to preierv^ 
thar awn nfutatwu. How different 
hath been the conduA fince ; when eiw 
deavoors have been made to obtaifi 
hillsy vegon the &ate fian ; .andfurely 
fat moie viflife reaioas ) h it x^ 
oiged againft tbem^ as well aa flace^ 
huis, that they are defigned as tar 
flc^ns upon Uk members tf that mery 
^IJhmhlyf But do not they thei^lvef 
conviDce mankind of the lUBCeffity of 
fndf hiik, from the very motives of not 
paffingthemt Thata^f^fBorihouUI 
thus acknowledge themielYCS to be dU- 
cufid; take thechorgt upon them 1 and 
for that very reaion^ will not Ihew 
their own innocence^ is fomewhat fiiT- 
prizing. The e*tul infiatnce eidfts, or 
/It does not : If it does not eidft, evexyr 
body would agree to take away all iu- 
fpicion of die abufeef a fower^ whioi 
gives fuch uneafmefs to the whole na- 
tion : If it does exill, the moic m\juA* 
ly is the remedy^ in any degree, rcfil- 
ied, £nce it the more convinces the na- 
tion of the neceffity of it ; and how 
vain ^re the hopes of any offofuon to 
a min^9 vihM it is imnoffible, let the 
tffofers be never fo mucn in the right, 
in a caufe of the greatcft importance to 
the people, to have fo much as a chanfc 
of carrying any point againft hrm» by 
a major itjf of nxtes f 

Soon after this, an addrefs was mo- 
ved for, in the W^ of LarJs/for dif. 
G g , f<^^'*?« 

i9» ff^^ekfy ESSJrS 

bWmgtiatparSmunt, and ipr calUng 
frt^mn mvo farUalkmt$. The arpi- 
nents <hr it were, TTiat hn^ parUa-' 
mems bad produced an alterauon in our 
conftitucion % which, joined with this 
tfwnM^^, they could not be confidered 
ns the rifrifentatives •/ the pttfk. I 
fliall mention fome of the amiinents 
then wged bt it, from the Si^Oi 
Traas of K. Chariae IT. W. i . /. 66. 
<< ParHammts began In the time of 
0^7 VIU. to be longer dian they 
on^t ; that Prince knowing that hmg 
farliamgms were fitter to mke gnai 
thangts. They hare been too frequent 
fince; but never of that kngdi as this. 
Befides, the long continuance of r(^- 
fintativis renders them liable to be oor* 
ropted, and won off from the pnblick 
intereft. It gives them time to fetde 
their cabals SaA intereft at rsiirf, and 
takes away the mat iecurity the na- 
tion hath: that if it be poffibk to bap- 
fen, that the SfiritMal Lordt, on account 
Df their great oependence on the crovm, 
tmther with toe Cetirt Lsrds ^SiA great 
efficersy ihould, in any future age, make 
w a greater number of the- hmfe rf 
lords, and fhould pafs thii^ very pit- 
Judicial to the^M; yet all fhould 
prove inefiefteal, and ^he nation remain 
£ife in an Jbou/e of Commnu lately cho- 
len, that have not time to learn mew 
finttmejttjf or not off thax old fritici^s 
at a good marlcet, &r. ** The nation 
was veiy fenfibk of this kind of rea- 
foning, (for it u pUin that mere fenjf- 
pnersy in the boMje of Lords, were not 
fo much as dreamed of, in thoie times) 
fmd their apprehenfions oi fiub an its- 
JUtence have Deen afcribed as the reafon 
why the next farUansifa waschpfen fo 
generally a^infl the eoart, Tbey too 
werp fb well convinced of the dai^- 
ous coniequence di fitch am inftmue^ 
that upon being informed of eighteen 
psemhers having received ^MyfiMv, m the 
lafi farhamem^ they oroered a bill to 
be brought in, ^hat mo nsesnherJhsUdre- 
eehoe aof peiiiion, or place of profh, 
&r. The imall number of penfimers, 
as it may be thought at prefent, upon 
' which all this outcry was raifed, is ve- 
^ly pvidcnt. What was the nnmber of 

in MAY 1739; 

plaa-men, who &t in /Aef 

does not atwar ; bat they ieem aDl|f 
to be boc^M in afterwards. Wema^ 
however negatively condude that tSicgr 
were not inany, from the very llaij 
af things at that time ; lor At Adbmh 
rafy wzsbk one per/in, znHbeTrem/i 
moneperjon. TUOmmjMmef ^ 
was compofed chiefly, it not im 
of a committee of the Privf i 
amnnted for that ufe. The pj/Mto^ 
^feers of them all three were 1 *" ' 
and fb then efleemed, only m 
dm^es of the ojfice. The neat i 
ber of places m the ExcUner 
lowthinffs, inthofedays. llieoi 
of the Armjvftit very few too 1 
probably few or none of the ¥lmi % 
m pariiament, confideriiffi m vi^iat j 
low ftate it then waa. To this n 
be added the nmnber of «mv ^&K«r I 
have been created fince r many of 1 
pofleflbn of which have had feats i 
parliament. This will be farther ] 
ved hereafter, when we come to 1 
the vaft number nS place-men, fsfc, 
have ikte in parliament, and^iattb^l 
is not the twefi enfkfment^ vohaA d 
member is capable oT hoUing with hi 
feat, but what he b thought moA on* 
pable of executing. 

In the times, now under cot Ji d ei i> 
tion^ the cotkaionof the revenme aAi4 
ed but little r0mj^ij2/ftE0r(#. TttQh 
/nv were fiurmeo, for part of the timA 
as well as the Excije 2X^ Heart h mmf ' 
To modem inventions we owe the jn 
piDvements, on that head, of uinvtMl 
dBgrelationSj and quartering* * 

Having thus enquired into the ^ 
tS^L corrupt infiunce in parBameuty fl|| 
the qMfifMv to it I I fhall continue^ 
progiels of both in future papers 1 avt 
will condude my prefent letterwilk 
obierving, that if to fmall a vaatkt 
of place-men and Un/huers GSkd it$ 
nation with fuch oreadful apfudbotf* 
ons at that thne, what ought dpnr not 
tp fear firoB) what diey have feea nnoal 
The n^ore neceffiuy a regulatm of dd^. 
kind hath been, the lefs fnccefi hath f 
always met. The Jhferal Jaws, vddm 
have been already ipade, for vttftA- 

Digitized by vJv/V^^Vl^ . •. ^ ^ffL 

hgitf axeloftcieiitloihewliowGaie- 
ijuTwe oD^t to be to prcferve the rt" 
frg/hiuakfuoftifefe^unxamtied: but 
if at kaft doubk thd number of fiue*^ 
mai fkcM be in any parliament, be* 
(des tufmrsy tbaa ever were wben 
^lokfrmr laws pafi'd^ for limiting 
aud lefiiaining them i is it not a proof 
KnrcfintiaUx they are eluded) WiU 
St not demonfUate the, certain fuoceis 
cf every debate, when aJI the ftaci^ 
Mtaie conlbntly on fmjijg if tie pw 
\pm? 0«&i/% would then be at an 
foi What other ^ggle therefore 
be made^ in fuch a cafe, than to 
^j^'iX to that fM^ which will make; 
abfoJuteyy neoeflary to resokte fiub 
^-'-iMme€\ or that it fliaff be tiif ar 
— prindnle of Q^a fuhatyifotrn^ 
t, to wJuch all muft be obliged to 
it, if ever thevfhould be reduced 
. It, lliat far&amtms themlelves 
^M be the greateft burthen and 
{ricnnce of the nation i 

Weekly Misc£iLAiir> Jl% s« 

JHnMT eftMHMf HttmtKttn PttACMtf I 

^Meriit effeni H Mrt 


NOthii^ Can be moit entertaining 
to the mind of the coriowy or 
moie ioproving to the heart of the 
hnAj dian nfiedtions on human na- 
tore, and hnman life. What can be 
more rationally amufing to a reafon- 
lUe beii^ than to look inward^ and 
CEuxune tts own ftrnftnre and compo- 
jUon) What more nfefiil, towards the 
improvement of our nature and the 
dinftian of our conduift, than the 
bofwlecbs arifing from fuch an e&- 
Wry! Unleis we know what fert of 
beiii» we are^ how fbnncd, how dif- 
pt^ed, how influenced and aftuated, 
we ffaii make wr<mg judgments of 
^oMvesi be conceited and fond of 
onr own perfeftions, (if anjr thing that 
foch imperfed creatuies en^oy siay de- 
^e the name of perfe&ion) felf-fuf* 
flcient and prefumptnous. Unkfi we 
inake ofafioVations upon mankind, by 
^ aSflaiice of fnch'previotts know^ 

mMAY 1739. ^99 

iec^ of human nature, welhall often 
be impo&d v|ion by £ur appeanncei^ 
by plaufiUe pretences, bv b^d under- 
taken; and fometimes led into quitd 
contnuy mifiakes,4s injuxious to othen^ 
as the former impofitfons ale prg'udi^ 
cial to ouHelves; be too nanoWj ngid^ 
and uncharitable in our cenfuicsrioie 
the generous pleafure of judging can^ 
didly,^ and deprive the innocent o£ 
^ jnft ihare of efieem and afleffion. 
There cannot be a more flapant in** 
fbnce of adiHorted mind and aqvav^d 
affeaiora, than a willii^mefi to detedt 
latent blemiflies, and view thimcs in 
dieworillight. What fhould we Sunk 
of a man's tafie for mjifick, archi« 
teAure or painting, wboic ear is more 
pleaied with diicoid than with hazmo* 
ny, whofi eye is better entertained 
with difpropcMtion^ than with reffuhn 
Ttty ana iymmetry? Should we dknv 
any one*s palate to be in a natuial ibuc^ 
tfiat could xtUQi nothing fb well a< 
things four, bitter, mufty, or outrified t 
Not lefs unnatuial is it to take a j^ea-^ 
fure in painting our fpecies in the moid 
odious and diiagreeable colours, or 
to refolve their ^ons into the worft 
principles. To a virtuous mind vice 
is the proper object of indignation^ 
folly appears as contemptible to the 
ejfe 01 the ondeHbndxngi but bene- 
volence inclines, Chrifiian charlr^ com« 
mands, the example of our Matter in-* 
vites us ftrongly to compaffion and 
candour: our own oflTeoces and fiul- 
ings give our offending and weak bre* 
ttuen a right, in fttia iuftioe, to that 
xnerdful allowance and oompaiSooate 
regard of which we ourielves fiand fo 
much in need^ and the great mixture 
of good and evil qtialities in mankind 
leave room for a rational ezerdfe of 
our charity. There are few men ia 
whoUy dcWd and disfigurM by their 
own corruption^ but that they retain 
ibme &int^ lineaments of the divine 
image originally ftamp*d upon them, 
(sw aftions that leave us without (bme 
reaiboable hope that an honefk inten* 
tion midit have its Ihaie in the produ- 
^onaikddirc^onof them. This good« 

too 9Fiek}f tSSAr$ 

ifatorM turn of mind, Ac ornament, 
the diftmftion of oar luitare, snd the 
glorv of oar rel^on, I ciKteavour to 
cuhirate; and croy improvement of 
it 15 as fatis^iCbnr as tt is afefnl and 
rt^;nging. In a bad charaftcr I fcaich 
for (wnething that may atetc the paitf 
of hatred and refentmcnt, in a bad 
^fikta for fcmething dut may kflen 
Alt gnilt of it, in a fboBih on0 for 
fomcthing that may mix the plctfbre 
of an ailQRtonatc efteem with the anea- 
fincfi of comcmptaoos thoughts. When 
I find out, apon refleAion, more groond 
fhr reQ)e6tfu) and kind fentiments than, 
appeared at firft, it is an agreeable dif-' 
jftpointment, and g^res anexpeded 
pcafor^s 19^ a man that examines 
latrrowly into his accounts, or trea- 
ftrre, and dHcovers himtelf to be richer 
than he before imagined. "With thefe 
tender fentiments and humane diibofi- 
tions I lately went through MoorptUs^ 
While an itinerant prcten&r to the fci- 
eriz^ofPkyJkkviZs cheating the deluded 
multitude out of their mon^ and health. 
I attended to a great part of his addrefs, 
which coniifbachiefly of felf-commen- 
dations, an enumeration of his many 
and wonderfht cures at home and a- 
broad, the honours and rewards he has 
received from perfons of the greateft 
diiBnAion, his fuperior ikill in his 
cfrojfeilion, the extraordinary virtues of 
ms packets, and, by way of confirma- 
tion of the truth of all thefe flrange 
things, profeffions of the moft diiinte- 
xv^Sl zeal for their good. I make no 
(loufot but his fpieech convincM his hear- 
CT5 that he was a mofb extraordinai^ 
derfon, and induced them to tols their 
Jiandkerchiefs upon the ftage without 
hefitation, or diftruft. Bat my indi- 
gnation and contempt riimg too h& 
npon me, I withdrew out pf die crowd, 
and walkM off full of reflexions upon 
the impudence of the Dodor, and the 
fUly of the people. It was fome time 
before I could moderate my refent- 
ifaents enough to think of equitable 
extenuations in finrour of the impoftor,' 
and his doj-es. For the former, in- 
deed, I could fugjreft to myfelf but 
ftir jaitigating tifcmoftiomi but. 

upon cooler thooj^its, I vMsn trnvV 
my contempt of the mtdtitticfe into com* 
pafion for their ignorance and fimpC. 
dty. Aninftanceofthegreateftwak-* 
ift«, no doubt, it is, lb implicitljr us 
ttfce a man^s ownteftimony for kis a« 
bifities and imogritv. But as no one 
would dcfjpife a child for not hxnag 
the nnderflandin^ of a man, fe die 
ignorance of the ffliterate vufear being 
iftvindbfe, Aeir hhnd'crednfity ts tucft' 
only pardonable, bat in one req)eftre- 
p^xtaUe. It isnot a reproach to tli^ir^ 
natural onderfUnding (o nxock as it fii 
an argamcnt of thw having wanted! 
the means of information and miorere^' 
ment; andtheif readmentocrcarttlie' 
piDfemons of t>thei8, while it fliciit 
then: unaca uaintednefi with the work^ 
it manifefti the fincerity of their ewK 
hearts. If they were defenhtf^ and dbi" 
ceitful, they would be difooMtd s b^ 
confcious of an honeft lAtentioit m 
themfelves, they take it for raited, 
the Dodbr would not have tne aiii- 
lanoe and the rdeuexy ta pittnd to 
kiwnvledgewhkkMUocsiiot paAi^ 
tocuretwhichheacfcf pifam pd, tg 
honours which he never m o mv c ^ ^^ 
seal for the good of others whSe he 
means nothing but his own inteceiL 
Thefe impudent frauds apon die iaa^ 
dence, and iofults apon die etmiflio* 
(enie of the well-meanh^ mot^ are a 
dxigrace to our conftituaon that tole- 
'i;^tes them, but afbmdin^proof of the 
HotMral honefty of manknid. 

We have had repents (tke vodiat 
which he gave of his intended appear- 
ance here, raisM too great an abhor* 
rence of his conduA to admit of any 
indinadon to fee fo bionlboas a curio- 
fiy) of a much mote extraonUaary cer- 
MiroMt, who lately made a progids into 
the Wefteniparts of Bngkmd and feme 
parts of jTiJesl where, fit>m tmi- 
pim^ and nua^hi-cmjfis^ on immmt 
and mmmtmns^ he preachM to vaft niun« 
bersof ignonntpM^le; and, fincehis 
return, m a wide pace, near a boild^ 
ing which would liiir him mach bet* 
ter. This is a medxxl quite as m^ 
wiAl^i «sitis«rrQnK4r ^ iO^ 

• Digitized by VJvTV^Vl'V. ' J^ 

mekfy EiSJrs (nUAY 1739; Mi 

A h mipoBtk, ifldeed^ that thk Gen-* mihfiMu BHflU, bat Mt ttftm'd 


^^r^Hcre is no teed of any other 
X ffffiici or ^i^ for my defiring 
9i\filiam of the following Queries^ 
than that the fHndfU^ on which they 
dq)end, is by you maimtainedto be of 
the uimoft mfttirtanet, fuch as no Chi* 
Jtian fhoold be ignorant of, especially ^ 
Mffjpf^ fiacbef and infiruffot cf others: 
This therefore being a fofficient lea&a 
to applyjibr information from a per&n 
difpofed to bring mankind 

m ffiodd ever hare had a ^Mirtv^ 
^infbcfaproceecBngs; becauK, while 
tiiere lorany ferioos regard te rein 
gioii, to order, and the Ltws of the 
Liody in the magi/hacyj they weold 
fbon hare obHged him, if he needs 
oraft|»icach, to preach only to fome 
iie&if^vilbners; and yefterday I heard, 
with great pleafore, that the Graad 
7«7^ddiSife topidbifthefeicandalous, 
ilitodcarly meeting^. . TheGentkmaa 
diat on SiuulMmmuMg fucceededthe 
Mnatt^ani in Mtrfields, pretty near the 
fliaee where the whiie har exhibit 
bml c lf t» pabikk view* eiFery day^ 
(btit Smidap) franb the ntHtU^ inilead 
^k^ftage^ harangued his congregation, 

g4by the choiceof Iw ^f^'j^T out oidlirhu^s and inir', fproc^^iS 
%faemauflycompardhmiiei^afberhfs adcnowledge 
■fiial cuftDm, to oar B lbssbd Siivf- 'phat j % ^^^ pciceite in myiclf 

tfaofe dperathms of the Spirie, which you 

I wonder, ibr the comraniency 
of being better heard, he did not tsUce 
die advantage of his neighbonr^s AiMi^, 
and 3»reach from the top of that, as 
being the greater eminence. Byapro^ 
per onder&nding between them, they 
might be of fervice to one another, 
fioce* tttey ihew themfehres at different 
tiniea. There iz fbmething fo extra- 
vagantly ridicidoas in the beharioar of 
dna yoong man, that it is very difiicuft 
fer a perfon of any humour to keep his 
co ume nance: but the diflionour done 
to God and Religion, by making fuch 
a &rce of it, the great oAmce given 
to all ibber CJkffiianff the oocafion of 
nupioiis merrunent to the icornxiii inn-, 
das, and its tendency to oniettle and 
pervert weak minds; thefe confidera- 
tions are nzatter of the moft lerions 
Qoncem, and ought to zSps^ thole who 
aremtrufted wiui die execution of the 
kws xaxA ten de rly , (more than they 
hitherto have done) from a fenfe of' 
pie^, decency, and compuffion to thou- 
UUKis of innocent penons, who arc 
^fy miffed, and gieatfy injured m 
nan/ lefpe^. I mufl poftpone any 

diicover 'within, and' experiment^y 

Sut choi^h I am hitherto nnac« 
quainted widi this extraordinary and 
fupemaiural tiCHT, and therefore will 
not pretend to determine anv thing 
about the reality or evidence of its efe' 
ration in you; yet I think my natural 
rbafon will fu^ft thus far, that if 
theit is fuch a liOHT nmchfafed Jhne 
Heaven^ it muft certainly tend very 
much to the henejie and advantage of 
thofe haffy ebofenfenv^ who enjc^ thia 
Jignal charaQeriftick of divine favour i 
as it win give them the clearefi and 
mxA perfect knowledge of their duty, 
and ^fidtahU power of performing it i 
which feems to me the greateft blefline 
we can enjoy in our prefent fbite o? 
probation, becaufe it would render us 
eafy under all circumiUnceshere, and 
liappy hereafter. 

* Be pieaKd therente to ipeciiyy 

. J. What are thole ^<«ri^i/,i6^Htr/, 
arthks offaithf motives, Stc. which this 
extraoTMnary Mgbt revcsis: after 'wke[t 

furdier remarks upon the behaviour of i9!r^ff»fr they come inta the mind; and" 

this pcMick p^eaa^n' and his .brethren, by what mark or ebof offer yon Min* 

for dK &ke of complying vj^ith a re- ^t{/b diem from die dtk^km of jitney, 

jtrf^ that t would fend you the fbl- or VGOrJt tenftiaimrf 

Wuiifierbs, wkich were fvnt to Mr. 

Digitized by Vj^i^ 'U.JW&Kt 

16% ff^eekfy ESSJr$ 

n. Wlitt tie th^ fartkM/gr duties 
you are enabled to pertbrm, wjiidi all 
others muft leave mdmey till they ob- 
tain the iame means of perfbrming 
them, viz. am ej^traorMmwy 'uUtrcwrJ^ 
mnihthi1>eitff Or, 

III. If I am miilaken in my con- 
icaurcs, " That if it cloth exiil, it 
X^yA cxift for fuch ends or purpolci," 
be fo kind as to mention, in a farti* 
4ukr and det^rmnaSf manoer« for what 
€tber uies it is ghveni to what furtofis ' 
you Mjf it, or it ^IUj jou; ana for 
frhat;^riii/#m2rdeUrable; which ends 
toiild not be obtained without it? 

Here then you have ample room of 
being fervioeable to mankind For, 
is you will alledgs, that all men might 
enjoy this J^nai hkjjin^y were it not 
ibr Uieir fitu^ which, either withhold 
Or withdraw it; (b you mull allow* 
<bat if a precife and exa£l fummary 
were given us of thofi; feveral do&rines, 
a|id (mties or advantages, that cannot 
Be known, or performed or received 
withoDt this J^nt ajpftance^ it would 
^atly alarm, and make as more ien- 
nble of our dangerous fituatkm. A 
good flep this tomrds repentance, and 
i^endiikent of life; or (if you pleafe) 
tbward r$gnuratum and a mw birth. 

Nor wDl it take up much of your 
t&ne in vouchfafing a Hfiinii anfwtr to 
t*very particular in this requefl: for as 
I do not dejfiie a fbihfofhical accowa 
What this J^rit is, whether the fame 
'Uiitb tbi Quakers, or a Hfffrmt one, or 
How it aSnates, or how confident with 
the natural powers of the underfiandingi 
snd umral agency i out only, of what 
benefit and advantage it is, HxA where- 
fore defirable : I apprehend it can be 
(jbniidered as a matter o£ fa3, and ex- 
prefled in a few wordi, with litde or 
no trouble. If I am guilty of any im- 
propnet)r in my manner of fpeakine 
about this mjfitnms fubjed, *tis a nu- 
ilake unavoMable in my prefent cir- 
cnmibnoes: and therefore oeg loive to 
vrpeat my defiie of a clear and expkcit 
mmfijueri an anfwer not made i^ of 
general terms 2xAphraftSj of an unjettled 
nfomagi but poentingt and particular. 

in MAY 1739; 

wbevdnr I may perceive tbe f^efietmj^ 
^tbislgbe WIT HIV, andtheextream 
dannr ai bong unconcerned about iti 
Ana in the mean timedoenp^ to 
give to all you advance, a ywir and 
impartial rtaption,^ according to the 
ikpafiolical rule of previti^ alltlm^s im 
order ee boU/aft that wSci is gmL 

Tiarf, te. 

Common Ssnsi, AC95. 
Fatal Confefsences of LiCBVTiovs* 
TiBss in a Govehnmbht. 

IT is an imputation moft iiyurjoot ti> 
mankind, (thou^ it has gained toa 
much credit in the world) that their 
natuial di^ofition is ant to incline thci% 
to a diilruft and diflike of thofe who 
govern them. For my own part, £ 
am iatisfied the contrary is fo evidoi^ 
that it has beenalwi)[s eafy to diicera 
inpeopleakind of bigotry (if I maj 
ufe the expreffion) in nvour of fuch at 
have been placed in power over thea^ 
which ooold not, where they have not 
met with more than ordinary ill nfitjgi^ 
be got the better of: nor can I thmk 
it \Ss than great arroguioe, aada ha^ 
infolence o£red to mankind, to iSxm, 
that the fubmiffion which all the ovi* 
lixed part of the worid have thought 
fit to pay to governments, of one kind 
or other, when employed in their pro- 
te£tk», is wholly owing to fear, or the 
crafty management of a few indivi^ 

I know of few hiHories into wluckr 
have ever looked, that have not fur- 
niihed me with fuffident grounds to 
confirm me in my opinion ; and when 
I have read the accounts, which die 
hiHory of moft countries has produced 
of the barbarities, the enormous lui^ 
the ibttiih and pnfillanimous \nA£^^^u^^ 
or the miftaken and defbruCtive ambi- 
tion, the wanton cruelties of tyrants i 
the perfidioufiiefi, the rapadoofiiefi^ 
the infolence of their creatures and mi« 
nifiers: Ihavehad, as I though^ rea- 
fen to be aftoni(hed at the infenfibility 
of thofe who fufiered them, who feem^o. 
to feiget they weie snen, and ooidd ib . 
long^cklay doing that juftice» they owM^ 

mekfy ESSATS 
diemfche9,dieiraNintry,a]id tfatwliok 

Weie I to look back into our own 
kiftoi^, and that, perhaps, not rery fiir^ 
I flKNikl not want examples of thie par- 
tialitjr people teteitaiii towards thofe 
ID the fligheft and moft eminent ftati- 
ons, w&ichhasiiidmed themtoacqiii- 
clbe m the vfrorft treatment, even when 
tfcgr haye been moft Tifiblx faifihle of 
It: bat as inftanoes of this kind may, 
to Ibme, appear inridiooSy I will not 
lardculariae any here. 

I (hall therefbfe be^ leave to confi- 
der a little the behaviour of the jRb- 
^tans, as they were more at liberty than 
noft modern nations, to difcover the 

I uifjcnBty of their natoral tdhper and 

I imtiiiients, by their aftions ; and as 
tlKv are looked upon b^ many (tho' 
awlefervedly) as delighting in difcord 
and tumult, and always reftlefi and 
fiifiiooB a^nft their fupenon. But 
whoeverwill, with accurahr and joc^- 
nient, obferve their condno, will find, 
diat though they were fboouous and 
violent in afferting their liberty, againft 

I amc^ oCT W tffiv e, iniislen^ and tvran- 
BJcalNbDiiicy; yet, as their complainta 
-wcilt ibr the moft part juft, ana their 
defiits reafenaUe for a free and defer- 
ving people, the^ always fliewed the 
gie»teft moderation in< the ufe they 
made of ai^ acqniiition they eaiiied 

^ 6om the Nooility in fecurity of their 
Hboty. Which makes Lm (though 
moft eridendy a favourer of'^the Patri- 
daas| 'fejr, on a very extfaoidinary ex- 
ample of this nature. Home modtftum 
mftiiiOtmftii & akkmUnem animi, mH 
mmc in urn inveturis qua tunctofuU m- 
wxr& fmtf after he had beferecon- 
ftflea, that Cam Uknm eventtu dontitf 
aikg oMkms in contemme^ HbirtaHs (Sf 
bomris aUos fecmdnm depofiia certamina 
in inearrtsfUftuliciofire. 

Nor coda thofe tumults which hae- 
wned at Bmne (as Machiavel well ob- 
ier?es} be reafonably called dilbrderly, 
and bieguhur, which produced fo many 
minpies of all ibrts of virtue ; and 
the focoefs of which, whoeverex^^mines, 
will not find they occsfv^ned any laws 
4r violoice to the prejudice of the com* 

in M A V 1739. i6f 

mon interefi, but the oonti^, Nb^ 
ooold they be (aid to be IkMy ch- ^ 
dttioos, who, in above thnee iMUKbed 
years time; ih>m the ei^atton of thei^ 
Kiims, amongft all their heats and am* 
momies, fent not above ei^ or Ml 
perfons into baniftment, executed yttf 
flew, and condemned not many to zxj 
pecuniary mul^ ^^Machiav. 011 1^^ 
vy, lih:i. ftf*.4. 

It was under the tyranny of theif 
Kings, and aflerwanb in the abjed 
ftate thev were reduced to by their £m^ 
perors, that riot, lieentMttiiiers, and ra- 
pine fiouriihed at Rtmei and we are 
toldbylra^, that the reafon which in* 
duced the^ fons of Bmtus, and other 
young men of qoaljQr, to attempt the 
loadmiffion of the TarfuinSf was thek 
reludance to fubmit to the wholefome 
reftraint and juft feverity maintained ik 
a well-related commonwealth. 

Licentioufnefs is the coniknt efeft 
of a corrupt, ill-conduded adminiftr#- 
tion of government, tyrannical add 
wanton in power, but without autho- 
rity. For a ftrid and due obfeivanoe 
of laws can be no longer cxpeOed, thaii 
the reverence for them is retained ; biit 
whenever it happens that a pet^k find 
themfelves throi^Iy miferable and opr 
prefs^d, when the dignity of laws is loft 
aiid proftituted, when men fee thofe 
&cred ties multiplied to ferve private 
views and to promote the intereft qf 
particular men, this muft naturally in- 
troduce a contempt of fuch laws, aod 
a hatred of thofe that govern : And as 
the bulk of mankind are not capable 
of making always the proper dlftinoioA, 
can we fuppofe otherwiie than that hl- 
tred towards thofe in power, and coi}« 
tempt of particular laws, ihould, of 
courie, introduce a contempt of magi« 
firacy and laws in general ? 

And what makes this unfortunate fi- 
tuaHon (whenever any people happen 
to be in it) the more irretrievable, is, 
that governors, inflead of enquirirg in- 
to the true, the real fburoe of tite e- 
vil ; inftead of extending their care to 
the rcdrcffing, or, at leaft, alleviatinjg 
the loa4 of mifay which has given the 

' Digitized by VJV_/K_/V m^fflifT 


^ Kidks, afFcdBd hj k, 

too mm mfcp fer di fc op t Bnt» as^n^ 
tkct^ defpur : I &^» iaftead of caking 
fick Mcdwdb «f mftoiiDg publkk fii« 
liiAAMn awl «Aic» che ^roanii^ of IL 
mfaftUe F«9l« 9^ '^ ^ly ^ J^ 
Ihe famtU^of mMUooi tpuiJa^ «v 
«iM8 are thM^ iMoeflkrir to twf their 
comphints and iKreafe their pwcrtjri 
thejr meet with a tr^i^mmt from tbeir 
WMidk paenfei (fer fiadi mJH rvkn in 
UKkty aie, or m^ «o be) which the 
Scripciue fitppofaabTard and impoflibk 
ier thou to aaeeife from their nacmal 
4anes: ivhan tk9€ry fir truut^ ibty mrt 
gkmimjhmt witm iky mjk fir Jf^ 

Thejr aic given to anderfiaodt at the 
JIfimMus wefe by RAmou^ when they 
jfiaiaBlaiftnd of the yoke that wat piit 
0» mem, which* if made lighter* and 
their offieffani imov'd, they mh 
mMed to iisnre Um with fidriity ana fa- 
titfiiaioni tfaeyaiietoU,I(ay,a«thofe 
Hfradbit wctty that tliMBir com(4aints 
areinfokn^ and proeeed only from the 
too peat eafe they lifed in* and the 
Jenity and iadobgeiioe they had been 
treated with. hb/aiUr, (ays Adaeiv, 
dM^ftya ymnmnfnMp$^ hit ImnUcbth 
^ jmiuih (mfmu. Aadwhooould 
wonder the oeTpairing JfirmttiHs Ihoukl 
lay» What ftrtkmhMWM in Davids 
neitBer hmw ^e mbmUPKi im tkt fin 


. 3ut thong^ I will ventare to affirm. 
Ami Uoentioofeefr in a fiaie, whether 
proceeding from a coeroptionof momb, 
a contempt of laws, or general difoon- 

.feenty has always had its feondatkn 
from the frnks of thofr diat govern ; 

.yet I am, at the fame time, &n£ble» 
that when the minds of a peopfe aie 

• throu^y eaaipented, their refcntmeat 
will <meniexert itfdf indifcrimiaBtdt)r 
in the moft anjoftifiabk and nnreaibn- 
aUemanner) even to a breach, orop- 

.pofitionof hws, periups, themofttt- 
ktary to the commonweiUth* 
There is one thing will always mdie 

*peo|^ pay a proper regaid and* obfedi- 
eace to kws and government; that 9, 
if they fee. them not made sk of .10 
theic diiadvantage, and find themfelves 

i>MAY t7J9* 
oafyaadlhriNrii^iiBdar Ao 
of them. The lower rank of ma^ 
who latm tke bulk of a natjoo* axe 
always dire^M in their epiiyoBs msd 
ientiflBeiils of thk«i ftfm w]»at cfeiej 
Ihnicivcs 4^4 mMl that aotaUMlf* 
But if in thss feoeml way of V^dgig 
^ auftdie m fefftieiilai«» and aaa 
kd s^p uuw aer ant aMe aftioosi jic 
crery bfer of maokipd aa4 !»!• co«n^ 
try atmft be toadi'd with pity aisd coinr 
nrifentioB» at die &te dme t)Mt In 
thinks their p ontfl Mnen t neoedOuy. 

And beee i cannot condiide, with- 
out tooching ifft» whkh I do wick 
fiaone concent, on dhofe mfortomrtf 
mwks and riola wldcb hl^of hue 
Jmppcn'd in feveml parts of mis km^ 
domi which AodU awaken the aiaesHi 
tion of every iovcr of his oianoyy a^p 
deman<k the soft iericius, andmiMk 
lepid of the kg^daftaae : and liim# 
every wife and md man m«ft bOTT 
the gmatefr detEnatton of theio na* 
ooeduwi, yet St is a anoft aMtlmriiel r 
tcfleaxm, tooDBifidertbeimmitKnMe 
taain of fxUbrV calamities thrtt, I frar, 
have haen mo evidently the fiiupQes # 
them, it wooU laqnin asom lil» 
tium is hem albwVl ase» ami, ppdHM 
a gmafcr infight into tlniip tkasi Ms 
to my Aiars, to |K>int oat the vuioaPi 
tho^ aHoonconiog caafes of tbefr 
misfemies: Decay of tvade and m- 
dnftry, the certain conftqprtlotfoC-hi|t 
taam; uniT.arfid ce r rup t i on and ptofr 
>gacy in imials^ too mnch ei 
-and too mnch ODnntenancM < 
examples^ has braught that s 
iferty and dfialottMA Into iomo pJK^ 
of the kingdom, as has mdnead nma- 
hers of the mamiftftaieft to the ilaie 
of defperate rofiaas, and dedarpd vie- 
laters of the^hnas and peaea 4^* thaC fr- 
eie^, of which thfy akigfatha^^heea 
the moft indoftrioQS and ofeiial mett- 
- 9en, and moft fionrnhii^ mpimffi 

Thereibfe, emnpaffiesi fe 1^ awiy 

.doftitate otthappy wietdms,. tlB (iacia^ 

Tir^ of the pcmlidc trancpditr, the 

fatety of erery individnal, theMOar 

. and <fltrtmoanoe or the pveieot happy 

> eftaHiihment, nay, the very •heimf^ 

Digitized by vjv_/<^/Vlv^ .,,".al*' 

Bberty idelf, all call aloud and demand 
jbme remedy ; a remedy that will heal 
the fore fiom the bottom, by deanfing 
fhe fbulne^ (^ the ulcer, and removing 

This is not to be brought about 
li^ addizff fknguinary and penal lawsy 
tndbyme burdenfome aiui ever de- 
firoffave expedients of keepingupfbind- 
mg armies ; but by eafine the people of 
die load they eroan ander, (Hiincum- 
bering trade and iridu/lry, and healing 
their difcontent; by difcouragii^ idle- 
aefs and licentioofnefs, b}^ propedy lef- 
fening their many incenses and har- 
hoafs, though it fhould be attended 
With the diminution of a fmall annual 
idDoniie in an over-grown revenue. 

LsLWs said penalties that will bind 
hk chains liberty as well as licentioof- 
nefsy will always be defired bv deiign- 
ik^ miniflers, who often make thoie 
very calamities in which their ill-con- 
doft has involved a nation, and which 
doght to torn to their own confuiion, 
ibve as a pretext to increaie their 
powtr of op[>reffing, and of adding im- 
punity to their wo^ defigns. And this 
artifice oaght therefore to be the more 
guarded againft, becaufe weak, though 
weU-meaning men, are often drawn 
in by the dread of theCe popular dif- 
orden, to contribute to the eftaUiih^ 
ment of the moft mifchievous powers. 
Bat as even a conftisM date is better 
than a fav^e one, fo national peace 
and tnanqmlity, founded only on the 
rains of liberty, is no better than the 
peace the devil, allowed the child in 
thegp^, XX, rent kim fire andleft him 

'WbirlyMiscellant, Mit^ii. 
Sme OhfervatiMS upon the Cmtdua of 

ife-.WHI-rB FIELD, {fff. 

M'. HoJker, 
TN my laft I juft mentioned this cx- 
1 tauMisary hmeramPreiuber'smt' 
tSod of procedure, and the foccefs of 
it with the illiterate vulgar. With your 
leave I pnrpofe to giveyoumy thoughts, 
more at hige, upon him and his fol^ 
knnxi, I am a good deal more at » 

lofs to excuie this Gehdenian tiian the! 
MstiraebanJti and there is alfo lefi td 
be faid in fiivour df thofe tvho eithef 
out of ital admitation, of wanton cu-^ 
riofity, attend his e&thufiaftiek hivings« 
Thole Quacks are ufoally perfons oi 
mean extradioii, nanbw eduditioli, ^ 
narrow circumAajices, and a low way 
of thinking, the ufual conft^uehce o^ 
the other £iadvantages. It is lefs ex-^ 
thiOrdinary and lefs criminal if fuch a 
one fhould not have the nioeft notion^ 
of decency and modefty, or fhould not 
be very (crupulous as to the regularity 
of the means of acquiring a fubhftence^ 
But this Gentleman has had the advaiv 
tages of a liberal education, been ao 
cuSomM to difcipline in the univeHity^ 
received a r^ular ordination in an ipif- 
C9pal Church, and ha3 deClarM his ap- 
probation of the Church of En^iaiul, 
where his ordination fupjpofed him to 
be going to exercife his Aindlion ; and 
ytt, immediately after his ordination 
to the Prieftbood^ without a licence from 
any ^^^, contrary to all the rulfs of 
the Chriftian Church, Contrary to the 
canom and conllitution of our own 
Church which fo lately gave him his 
otders, contrary to the laws df the 
land, he goes ftroUing about the king- 
dbm» fhewing the greateft contempt 
for our excel£nt liturgy and all forma 
of prayer, and ufing extemporary ef» 
fnfions, preaching do^rines different 
from thole which he fubfcribed before 
the Kfhop, with an unparallelled de» 
ffliec of vanity and vain-ilory extolling 
faimfelf, with the moft indecent free^* 
dom undervaluing, with the Moft un-> 
chriftian fpirit of cenforioufnefs bla^ 
ming the eftabU/hed Geigy. T fhould 
be pleafed if I could be his advocato 
while I am hiis accufer, and make fbttie 
atK)l(^ for the man, while I condemti 
his faults^ But what can candctur fug- 
geft, what can charity fuppofe that will 

five us a favourable opinion df him i 
or die fake of givmg nim the benefit 
%X fincerit9^ diough greatly to the dif- 
credit of his undefftanding^ I would 
williM;ly fuppofc that he really thinta 
Umfett commidion*d in an e^iratrA' 

iHizll by VJ \J i_/ V I '- HQ!r^ 

ao6 W'eekfy ESSAT^ 

nary maooer fiom Heaven to preach 
thus irregitlarh and ilkgally, aiw qua* 
lified for this nigh office by as extraor- 
dinary an injhiration and affiflancefrom 
the Holy Spirit Nothing (hort of this 
4f<vm authority can juflify his viola- 
tion of the ifiahUfhtd laws of Church 
and 5/<i/#, and his attempting to in- 
vade the property of the eftabliihcd 
Clergy, to whom the care of their 
mrticular flocks is committed by the 
Bl/b9p9 and who have as good a title 
to their pulpits from the Cvnil Fowtr 
■ as any man has to his eftate ; and no- 
thing Icfs than a fitptmaturfd Ught can 
enaOe this young man, without ha- 
ving ufed, or having had the opportu- 
nity of ufing, the natural and ordinary 
means of acquiring fuch knowledge, 
to underfland the Scriptures^ and ex- 
plain all the dodrines and duties of 
ChrifiianUy, much beyond thofe who 
have taken a great deal of pains, and 
had the neceflary afliflance of books 
and the converiation of learned men, 
for a courfe of many years. I will 
imagine him to be as ignorant as I 
poi^ly can, that I may acquit him, 
in (bme meafure, of a much greater 
crime than that of ignorance. But how 
is it pofiible for him to be fo ignorant 
as not to know that an Epifcofal Ckt' 
gyman is ordinarily bound to obev the 
rules of an Epifcotal Churchy ana that 
SL/uhje£t of' England ought to fubmit 
to the laws of his country? Or, how 
can he avoid being convinced that no 
man can acquire any kind of know- 
ledge without ufing the nc<xfBLry means 
of attaining it ? In order, therefore, to 
preferve to his charader anv fenie of 
Jifty^ any Veneration for autiorip, any 
notion of fiicerity^ we muft fuppoie 
him in good eanufi to lay claim to a 
di*vini commi^n, which only can ex- 
empt him horn the force of human 
la^'Sf and to a di*vine in^ration^ which 
oaly can make human Jiteraturg and 
fiuif ufeleCs, or make him a more able 
tocher without them, than the moft 
aUe of the eftabUJhed Clergy are with 
the help of them*— But how iball we 
account for his being able, without any 
TtaioQ to perfuad^ h^i|If of tae truta 

in MAY 1739^ 

of his dinnne commijpon and in^nUMo^. 
Xt would be a reflexion upon the ho- 
nour of his colk^, the univetfity, and 
the very worthv rrelate who ordaineq 
him, to fuppore him fo utterly unao> 
quaint»l with the rudijoients of thofii 
points of learning, as not to know that 
God never commiflioned any peribna 
in an ixtraordimanf manner t6 ro^jeati^ 
or execute his will, without ^rranting 
fome external tyiSitXiOt of their beip^ 
divinely appointed, or illuminated S| 
and as this rreacher is daily expound- 
ing the Bible, he muft have obferved^ 
that Mifes and the Prophets^ Chrijf anct 
his Apo^les% had, all» a. power of work* 
ipg miracUsf ngt only to {atisfy the 
world, but thenffehes, of the JaviniH 
of their comnullion and doMne. it 
we were to take every one^s word tliaii 

E'retends to a commiffion, qr a reve-! 
ition, what delufions and confufioa 
would there not arife? And, thoi^ 
God, no doubt, can fo apply him^l 
to our minds as to give us reafooable' 
iatisfadion without the external evi- 
dence of miracles; yet, if his wiidom 
had ufed only fuch internal means of 
convi£lion by the invifble operations 
of his jpower, unle& he had revealed! 
himfelt to every one, (and then^thmt 
would be no need or uie of any /Lm^ 
ing revelation^ ox mnifiry^) conceited, 
and warm men would as onen miftake' 
their own fond imaginations, or the 
fue^e&ions of evil u>irits, for divine 
in^rations and impuUes, as ddipiing 
men would impofe on others byTying^ 
pretences. Now, I never heard diat' 
Mr. Whitefili, the Mr. Wefikys^ or 
any other of thefe gified GentlexneD^. 
have as yet wrought, or pretended to 
a power of working miraeks ; thot^ 
very likely, they may foon arrive to 
th^t perfection ot enthnfiafm. How- 
ever, as we can have no reafon to be- 
lieve them to be cmmijUM-d and- in- 
Jpired by the extraordinary appointment' 
and illumination of the Holy %uit( 
fo, unleis they he jperfiiaded that they 
are really authoriled by an oxtremdi'' 
nary power, as Efdfcopal Cleigyiiies; 
they offeod agaioft tfC; nilc» of % 

Digitized by VJ \J\J^ IV. ^P^^ * 

Cj^^MJv Gkmc&9 by preaching not 

cffidy vfi^Ssmt a Bdiiite frdm, but m 00- 

pofifibb to ^6 <^Jr/^ ind incKnatms 

^4^Bifbofsi ^ Oergyteen of tl^ 

^oA^MCnuitJi ther offend agiirm 

ner eodeSaftical conftrtution ; as fbV- 

/tins tX this kfttgdotn theV onciid a- 

tkiikft ficr laws, which ablolutdy rot- 

Mf teV oiie'k praying, tSr preaching 

fHUcify, toMs die peWbii and pla£ 

VellcenfedbythcC/Wmagiftratc, ih 

ttfe they tnit themJelres upon the fbot 

cf the Tffir^tfww. The Mr. Weftle^u 

adfied, hsrc not yet gone To Jar z& 

Mr. WhfteJSeMi but they are wilful 

trani|;reflbrs againft the authority oSf 

Gr^ iukI il£aif, againft the orders of 

Qmrch and ^/iifl?, by holcfing congrc- 

pdotis in unicenfed pkces, and after 

«&ffffj»»/A^x)^ manner; aiidcTeryonb 

titot rivci them any countenance bjr 

ittCB&ig them, or who does not dif- 

hmmtenance their proceedings, if they 

be in proper autJMfyt is in (omc mea- 

fare a partaker with dbem in their fins, 

ttad anfwerable Ibr the inifchierous 

eonfecpencesofthem. Idcfyallman- 

kind to jufttfy fach condu£t upon any 

I^Hocipks whadbeter: and the Mr. 

9FeJtl^ are lefe jufHfiable, or rathdr 

iiOTe goaty than Mr. WbittfUUt, be- 

canfe ney ^at men of more learning, 

better judglhent, and cooler heads; 

confeqttentfy, it is dilBcult for CM- 

JHmn charity, though it belie*veth all 

fhh^s, to believe ^tmjmcer$i though 

it Metb idltbiftgs^ to tx^cB. any change 

if tneir behaviour after ttey hare pny- 

oteded to foch enoniious inegularities ; 

^ any alteration of their fentimen^, 

if they really bdicve aH thofe wild o- 

^rdons which they profefs : andthcre- 

fbrt it is to be hbp*d, as \VeB as wHh*d, 

that men, whb have conceived fuch a 

IMei difflkfe of our excellent litur^ 

and aH forms of priyer, who entertain 

fuch perniciotis lex^ments, who have 

openly tnfnfocd her audiority, and been 

ndi a famdal to her communion, will 

ttever again be permitted to officiate in 

it; This wotdd be a reproach to her 

di/cipEnc, and dangerous to her intc- 

itft. Let them go over to Aeir pro- 

jicr compauioiis, their fiivoorites, the 

in M KY 1739. 207 

Dijentersy and Utter their cxtemjiqranr 
cffufions in a cc/nventick, but ncit Be 
fufferM in our churches bypocriticalKr 
to ulc our forms, which they de'feiff. 
lit theih tarnr Hieir fpiiit of delofion, 
froA amonff tfiofe who difclaim it, and 
obey its mjtantanems and irreffiihle di- 
ftates, among their brethren, the ^4- 
hrs, l>t them peach up their £&J- 
on and Reprohation dofbincs among tMe 
Cahinifii, who maintain them ; thielr 
SoU/dian tenets,among x!^<&Ataindmilans^ 
Our articles which thejr muft fubfcritfe 
to, are of different fcntiments. Let not 
fuch bold movers of fedition and ring- 
leaders of the rabble, tb Ae difgrace of 
their order, be authoris'd bv that Epif- 
copal power which they have fct at 
naught, or regularly admitted into thofe 
pulpits which th^ have taken widi 
multitude and witn tumult, or as reno- 
minioufly by ftealth. Provided tney 
maintain no defines deftru6Mvc of 
religion in genera], or of civil govern- 
ment; different as their fentiments cah 
poffibly be from thofe of the Church 
of Engkindj w3d and enthuiiaftical as 
they are in themlelves ; yet in the name 
of God, in the name of jofKce, as Cbri- 
ftianSy as Engliftmun^ as Men, let them 
enjov the b«iefit of the Toleration^ but 
let them intitle themfelves to it by a 
proper licence from the cinnl power. 
That thcjr ihould have the liberty of 
worftiippmg God in their own way, 
(tho' tbgy have endeavour'd to interrupt 
«i in our woHhip,) this is the voice of 
God, of reafon, and of our laws : but 
that every man ihould be at liberty, 
when, and where, and how he pleafcS, 
without firft fubfcribing to fome arti- 
cles of fiuth, and without any warrant 
from publick aathority, to preach up 
whatever dodrines he ihall think pro- 
per, abuiing the eftabliih'd religion 
and the eibblifti'd Clergy, (as tnefe 
Gentlemen have made it their bdinefa 
to do in their expounding meetings) 
^is is a procedure deftru£Uve of aH 
drder and religion; and dangerous to the 
peace and (afey of the ftate ; and much 
more ib in an age fo fond of novelty, 
in times fo foil of difcont^^^m^a coun- 
Hh» ^ t7 

«o« tf^eekly ESSAYS 

try of foch licentiou&eGy cornipced 
in their prindplny and almofl without 
way ties of oonfcience to leftnin them 
fiom dny wicked de^u, or attempts. 
Tbofe who are acquainted with the 
liiftoiy of former times, and of other 
nationsy know what monfboas abfur- 
ditics in opinion, and what vile pran- 
ces Enthufiafin will produce; from 
what fmall beginning and by what 
Jnconiideiahlc perfons, as to parts and 
abilities, the greateft diftnrbanocs in 
Church and ^te have arifen. The 
laft century fumiihes us with a melan* 
choly proof in our own country. Who- 
ever will be at the trouble of com- 
paring the firft rife of thofe troubles 
which at laft overturned the conftitu- 
^on« and nunM the nation, will fee 
too Beat a fimilitude between them 
^d w prefent ri£n^ of enthufiaftick 
Tant, not to apprehend ^eat danger, 
that, unieis proper precautions be taxen 
|n time, the remote confequcnces of 
them may be as fiital. Nay, I may 
venture to affirm, that the prefent Em- 
tbufiajis have made a much quicker 
progreis fince their firft publick appea- 
rance than their predeceflbrs dia in 
(he fame compais pf time, and that 
the qation is now more difpofed to re- 
ceive any iU impre^ions, to be fond of 
novelties, to deipife authority, and tq 
ran into diforgers of any kind, than 
it was ^t the beginning of thofe times 
of confiifion. The daily papers in- 
form us that a perfon was in imi^ncnt 
danger of fuiiering violence, o|ily for 
expreflin^ a diflike of Mr. Whit^ltTz 
^ndoft m Moarfildsi and I have been 
pedibiy informed, chat fome of his 
followers have threatned to pull down 
fburchxs becaufe their mafter and his 
brethren were not furred tp preach 
in them. There is npthing that an 
Entbufiafi cannot bsing hinjelf to be- 
lieve, or undertake. Your madtm ones 
do not cpme behind ^ny of their pre- 
deceiTqrs for heat and boldx^^; ^nd it 
is jjftlyfQ be feared, they will not, if 
fuffered to take t)ieir courfe, ftop fhort 
pf tLeir maidnpis and wick^dnefs. The 
enemies of our religion are not leis vj- 
^i)4nt, artful^ Qf induftrious to mix 

w MAY 1739: 

themfidves in fuch campa3i^,andinaiQt 
ufe of them to ferve th^ pnrpoliea^ 
whatever the defigns of theie leadna 
maybe. The /Wiri^x in di%iiiie, to 
ferve the caufe of Aj^, were the COB- 
divers and foments of the divifiooa 
which ruin'd us bdbre; and as tlic|i 
have now as &ir an opportunity, tliere 
is no doubt but they will be aa leftdf 
to improve it, to bring about the lunc 
deftrudive defigns. Not to fee daiH 
ger from thefe erowing evils, if the 
caufes be flighted, betrays jmat weak- 
nels, or inattention; to flight them, 
ihews great indolence and want of con- 
cern for religion and the publick «xkL 
I fpeak freS^ becaufe f am fin^ 
afieAed. Itisamatterof impertanoe 
that will ruftify fome warmth of ex- 
preffion. 1 fpeik it with the ntnoft 
deference, becaufe I have the moft re* 
Q)edful regard for my fuperiors; but 
with great plainnefi, proceedixur fioni 
an honeft aseal. If thefe Entbtifiafis, 
when they firft ihew*d their exceis of 
vanity and felf-conceit by foUkiting 
pulpits in fo importunate and indecent 
a manner, had been prohibit {xcach- 
ing in the Church of England till li« 
omfed to feme particular cure, it is not 
improbable that fuch a check in the 
infancy of their madneis and folly 
might have put a ftop to them. If 
the ci'vilnu^ijhnatf had interpofed imoa 
tjieir (irft Begimiing to hold i^o/ 
meetings m pnvate houles, I am apt to 
. think, whatever Mr. WhitefieU might 
have done, the reft of them woold iio( 
at that time have left the Cbmnh tf 
England^ but vvoul4 have fubmitted tQ 
her difcipline, and have waited for 
fome employment in a Rgu]ar way. 
Now there feems to be no more rea- 
fon^p expe^l fo much ful^mlijion horn, 
ihem» than they haye to expeft any 
Lvoi^- froni her^ till they have fiib- 
mitted themfelves, and given iuffident 
proof of the finccrity cw their rcpcn- 
tanpe, and ai change of their fentiments. 
If our Chrifiian inagiftrates, as they 
moft certainly may and foould do, wul 
bb%e them to qualify themfelves tp 
preach in feme certain licenfed place, 

A Prfoate Cmueffiaim &f Mr. White fiildV. 

igrteaUy to the aa of 7«&r«^fMr, or fi- 
the ib<i«i, thenomber of their mUowerB 
willfambeieflen'4 and their power 
of doii^ mifduef greatly wnkiied. 
Batif thqrare penmtted to hold their 
€MnfaHciu at pleafure, and to ramble 
op and down, finging pialms, and 
preadung in the open ftreets, or in 
moie open fields, wanton curiofity will 
cany tnou&nds to fee and hear fuch 
new things, hundreds of the ignorant 
JBoltitade will innocently be corrupted, 
and the preacher^s vanity and enthufi- 
tSm, if poffibk, will be (Hll more in- 
flamed, Ixy a fond imagination, that 
that vaft conconrfe of bearers, are all 
mdmrtrj, whereas moft of them would 
as easieAy attend any other monfler 
aqoally as ftrange as that of a Ciergjf' 
mam preaching in 2igvum and caj/ock on 
a common. Tmrs, &c. 

i\r. S. Since I wrote my letter J heard 
the Lard li^f^ has finrtud Mr. White- 
^ATseredinghisfbgeinjLtfffimr; and 
the Juftices of the Peace will a£l as the 
'duty of their place requires, if they 
fallow his lordfhjp's example: 

A,^ of a frkfote converJatioM §/ Mr. 
Whitefield'i, taien donxm in ^writinr 
after bis leaving $he rom, and brongSt 
to bimfytbe iSv. M-. T-ck-r, A&- 
«(^«r ^ AU-Saints in Briftol, author 


I alio dedicated proper ieaibas to the 
reading of the iSmnons of our b^ IX- 
vioes, Sbarf, Sooth, CaUmfi and fome 
of Tilktfonh I have rod fiaoe; Mr^ 
Weftkjf has read him more: bat hia 
works I now look on only as a iyflem 
of moral ethicks; but think he laiew 
no more of true Chriftianity than Mif 
hornet. Daring this dme I knew no- 
thing of true Chriftianity, nor was I 
infornqedwhatitwas, tiU I had read 
a Book, intitkd, 7he Ufe of God in 
the Soul of Morn a book worth its 
weight in gold. I now began to fee 
the neceffity of die new birth, and im- 
mediately changed my manner of life s 
and as I had before made the dry ici- 
cnces the chief of my ftudy, I now 
applied myfelf wholly to the Scriotures, 
and read other books only by tne by* 
ThecoUmieeing mvcoune of life thus 
changed, beean to cie^r of me, as a 
perfon difi>r3ered in my ienies. For 
two years I underwenta ieries of tern*' 
ptations, aad continual bufietines of 
the devil s which have in a hi^h de- 
gree qualified me for the Minifterial 
office, in that I have exfierimentally 
tried aU things, and having fufiered 
every fort of temptation, can fait my 
advice to thr different (bites and condi* 
tions of other peof^^s fouls; not to 
mention mv beii^ better qualified than 
other people for ue comnofmg my fer* 
fot I never preacned anv thing 


ftheS>n^ies, [p, 201. ^o^^andat ^JTwlmV I hive'^imentally feltl 

burep/l,Jign^dlyMr.miXe6t\i. ^^ ^fcereas other p^^le are fbfced to 

^J^9' plod and rack their brains whole weeks 

Efoie I went to the univerfit]^, I m compiling a difcourfe, I am enabled 

led, aa I thought, a very relk^ofis to compile as faft as I can write. 

' • . . / ^.. . j^^ fVhiiefieldhxiiitt affirms, that 

the Hol^ Glioft firft appeals to the un- 
derflandmg, then over-rules th^ will ; 
that its experiences are not to be de- 
feribed to an uiirrgenerate perfon, anv 
more than colours to aman bom blind. 

I confbmtly attended tne publick 
fervioe of die Church, received the Sa- 
crament, gave Alms, failed frequently 
iix and thirty hours, and, in (hort, pra- 
^fed every Moral and Chriftian dutv, 
infon^Qch that all that knew me look d 

rti me 95 a fidnt. I then went to 
univerfity, where I began my ftu- 
dies ii^ tl|e uiual manner, applying my 
fclf to the Mathematicks, and Ckuical 
Leanune ; and as God had given me 
a fmitM genius, a ready wit, and great 
lagadty, the college a^nceived great 
l^ppe^of my n^aki^ a pretty fcholar, 

G. Whitbfield, 

A method ofConfeffion drawn up fir the 
ufe of tie Wonun Methodifs. Taken 
from the original* 

TH £ defign of our meeting to^ 
getter b to obey the con5mian4 

010 glCmftffkm »/ tbt Wbii in METltoorfri. 

0fG^t-^Copfef»y6orfaritt elite tfa bityMrdbefiretaddefagafo 

«M)tiMt» flftd pny one fer die odBr, 

tlitt ye WKf be ]iiealed.»-*To tiia end 

^imeftd t* Meet twice a'^wttk.^Tli 

Mne ]HiiiAM% «t die Imir appolAttfl, 

viMoat tele ekcnordsiiaiy ratte.*-^ 

T^ bepn (ttoi^dPes whoutnefeMA 

cnaiy tt tfie boor, ifpidi fining aid 

Myer. — To^eAkeachofiaindNfol', 

ftkikdjretHi M^» tketneftafee of oift: 

bearts, #itli the fimhB of thiNi^ ww4 

wbA <l0ed» dnd the temptatiofis ^ift ilavt 

beea in ibiee Mir kft meedug. 

~lb end every meedet widiflfif- 
iflg ami pniyer, fnitcd to iIk ftm df 
eeciL penon ineienc. — 

^^ TVt deftte foine penon aftidDg Uk 
to^ped&tediviiibilteirft, aiidtlieiiMr 
A tke MM ih oi^er, as many and al 
fieudiiag qiieidoat as may be, concern- 
iagtbenraote^ ihi, andtouptatiotos. 

SonMfe or theft <|iieRioiis propewd 16 
eveiy otie beFoie ihe is admittM atno<i|; 
nsy fftay be to thlB efeft— — 

Hate yoa the wtctiefi of Odd*s Spv- 
fit with yoinr ibirit^ that yoo ale i 
tUldof God? 

Kate yoa jdy ift the Hirfy Gfaeft ? 

Is the kite of Ood (bed alm>«d ill 
year heart? If not, 

Kate yoa the Ibtgiteneft of yoar fins f 

Has no fin, kivmd tM'oetwaid, db* 
mtniott over yoo } 

Have yon peace widi Ood thnHlgh 
JefasChdft? tf Hot, 
'Do you fiteyoorfdfaloftfinnerf 

Do yoa know yoa deferve to b€ 

Doyottdefpdrof being (atU^idief 
by yoar owa ^tvorks, or by your own 
fw^eeo ufo efs, and hope for fergivenefi 
ot fins and jaftifieation, bnty throt^h 
a Kvfeg faiih in Chrift Jefas ? 

Do yoa defiie to be told of yonr 

Do you defile to be told of all your 
ifimlts, and diat plain and home? 

Do yoa defixe diat we ihoukl tell 
yoa whatever we think, whatever we 
aear, whatever we hear concerning you ? 

Do yoa defiie that in doing this, ^t 
Ihodid cdmcf as dofeas poffible, that we 
iioafd cat to the quick, andfearch your 
heart to die bottom ? 

this aiid w aNiMafioH endnly weii, 
feas to^eek etefy tiui;^ that t^^ 
yoor bdttt wtttoat exospdeolii wilkoai 
di%ttttei and withd«t itArvef 

Are yoa in love ? 

Do you .take more pleaTure In aiqr 
body than b God? 

whom do you love jaft itibw, bettei 
than any other perfon m die worlds 

Is not the perfon an idol ? lk)es he 
not (efpeciaily in publick p^yer) fteii 
in between God and your Ibul ? 

Does any court you? 

Is there any one whom jnt>a fuipeft 
to have any fuch defign? 

Is thexe any one who Ihews jai 
more TttffdBi tnan to other women ? i 

Are not you pleafed with that ? 

How do you like him ? 

How do you feel youHelf, when hi 
comes, whoi he ftajrs, when he goei 

The hdt ten ouellions may be aftel 
as often as oocswkm oiKia* 

^rhefe fbor foDowing at every fliee^; 

It known fin have you commit*; 
ted fmce our laft meedng? 

What have you {aid> thought, or 
done, of which you doubt whedier it 
may be a fin ? * 

what temptadbns have you ^tti 
how was you delivered bom diem ! 

What com/or ts or communlcatioosi 
have you ha!d from God, finoe oar laft 
meeting ? 

UKtvsasAt S^ECTAfokytfrf 19- 

7bi Pinchbeck j^. 

AS Ova/, almoft two dvMdahd ye^lj 
ago, took it into his head to tf 
vide the duration of the world iilto fyH^^ 
fncoefiive ages, difiinguifhed by th^ 
names of GoU^ Siher, Btafi ana. Jair» 
the learned feem to have takeri h^pflfr^ . 
tical flights fi>rgofpel, and IbmBy pre- : 
fume t&t the age of //M has hiAbdet«i|H 
fince. "^ 

' But, were we to leave the fiible if 
fiJiool, where we finmd it, and tti* 
mine the matter of hSt^ I fancy wift 


Aoijd (qop 4iftpy^ i)6arpii tp alter our 

t^inipiufy aii4 cooclude that time liai 

qndffrg^ as lexnaikable cJ^vig^ fioc^ 

£he 4^^ of that poet;, aa ever it had, 

ooneb^ze : even he Ha^el£ h^ hf^ 

ha4 his wits ajbput him^ mighjE W^ 

percehred that an age ojT F/;WV^aj> t(> 

I talce^aa from the fi^dilpi^aboi;^^ 

' the Jjmrjon law ; that» almofl;, a(U 

ieoie of llu^3La^ity w^ l^ft ia th^eiyii 

ii^rs ofMarjus and $j^ i th^t befoi^ 

it wa3 poffible fo^ m^heart^ (p ib^ 

api^ the 0rea; cofitefl betwi^ P^w' 

\fff and C^i^ bixtke C|ut» whicl^ w^ 

ivery litt^ intcsmiifljon. wa^^oj^tioued. 

\ifm^ to the death, of 4»fJ^ i 944-' 

iSoffdcr^r tender he ^u^ht W the bi:eaft 

■4L^^»fin, he had abond^reaibn ta be 

qppraiced that^i^A^ hec&^hera wad. 

atrae {oxLofDeuealimyiAPjirrJfai or^ 

uSbsduAiear has it, ii om^ pabhle, ^% 

i^dt^ 7»Z^'s inefiltiblf oiatorvt nor 

' omiod^anfii^i^mibcfi^scoi^d-j^^ 

bfxfyi I prefume, will veatun to 
a^t, that mankind had lefs of the 
fKforry in their compofition, during thi^ 
xmns of thole moil facrecl and excellent 
Pnnce^ the fucceiTocs of QBa^ius^ down 
tp Catfiaatime ; or that^ ev^ tbeq> t^e 
Qlfri^ftn religion iud takei) ^}yay titeir 
httfrUifJ^^ as t)]^ Spiipture e4)reires 
i^ 40ntg£ufn iium a hfoft rffi^* W\Xr 
qe& tne long and bloody war^ between 
^driho^zxAAriwu^ s^idtl^inn^- 
lyrg^le^pgiecutions an4 inafiacres tha^ 
atjisnded vidory 9n eiti^e; .^d^ \ wU* 
ne6 tlie expenfive and deftrudive> tho' 
ridicaloii$expeditiop$ to t^Bp/jfLanJ; 
and witoefs the aftonifhing. quamb be- 
tween the Emperors and Po|)es for the 
right of htvffiimris ; in which 10 n^a- 
j^r ^jiSUpna penih^y that tfee cfmnir 
Igi^ rich and g^ea^. 
this gr^ Pfiittt. <;wtW» the, 

. . J w4?of rfligkmt %a while,. 
ymffi ih^t^i and, a#Monk#0l9Ce the. 
hmr tprn^ces^ 'tis no^woii^ that the. 
tioiea \iiQf% a n^ fttpg, ^^ftpw,^- 
aiufxrt^iT^tp^li^^; W^f:pflcf>uxfe. 
tbcy bady bat it was likp that of fleep». 
iiriuch ogpreflb the whole bq^y» and 
Jenders eioy faqdty aff4eis* — Then 
U uras (bat dalneis was firft deified. 

f«r MAT 1739; Mt 

4pd to bp enMneatly Aittii wasfbi^ 
%efl qo^ification foyr preterflpieat : Ibie 
Yeiy nameof wk ws^fiygot; ai^ i| 
Inf accident any bttle ^fp»rk. aleaim4 
thpogh the fu|>il^ti4 darknp.^ wl^ 
fiunwndfd ix, as if fa^mfU^^ in w)i| 
tftj^tedas a commoii e^iemy, and extin* 
gpihed i^rijthoiUt ipercy . -—In ftiof^ diir 
ring this whole i^fipidiflilenral, aAwg^ 
v)9r£d n wbiieis aiid kiih^^ 
l^ye feized onaU mfi^g^, the Prince 
fl^a^berfd on tlus tJImiyt to? >ioU« 
fpfwed 4t his ftet, th» hnd Mver w^ 
d^e^n;d of day-Ik^, ^ the whole 
li»4 of eo^^fiafticli dtoft was. poiirei 
Qil^ upon theqa tq psei» (hm down «> 
the centre. 

J^atl^ BoccaceviA,^t>\xih 
a(i(^t||euneafywith their, buidwybegaai 
toioQ^ £rft. thecafelves, and theftiSeir 
country ; to them fucoeodedj^ U/ffit 
ai»d Jlemm of Pragma Sffffim* LK4h»^ 
Cahith Fs^thsfPfOu/ftbegmtBafim^ 
and fevend o^er bn^e awm ipirittw 
H^h^ PMrifie(l the agos they lived in* 
inapvpved ijbem to a noblet tempn^ (c- 
paia^ the drofi^ aftd^ biought everjp 
ps^'ticle t^ the tfl^ of tiutk end coiq.- 
ilHHit fiinie- 

^ Shonld it be alked thea, of whoft 
J9f tal Of fypfi ft ya o p wf fuia at porfetiiw 
thro' th^ benefit of their gBnecoua kr 
bopn ) to anfwer freely. Of no one SM^ 
t^ pmply and iimpty,. bat of aa manir 
^ Nefnfciadiuttxflr dseaAiM hit imnga 
was cpnipQled oJF; ^ very Ittde filver^ 
leisgold; niochiron, more lead; fome 
ftone, and Qtm^ d»y; but all giUed^ 
all (hiniMBg, like the eqioeftriaii ftatuein 
GfY*veMor/fHaty: the GMtft age icfttf 
had jfcarce a fairer outfide, nor that ot 
F^i^ le& of h9wels within. Iiiawonl» 
we are upon the whole no bMer than 
Piifchhck i and, however fjpecious to 
tte eye, can abide no teft, nor boaA 
onrftlyea to.have any iittrinfick vahie* 
. To make thb appear yet plainov 
apd that, according t9.the proverb, Jll 
tjttotgoiitbifi gl$t$nsp thete b not an/ 
one virfsue ot: acooiftplUhment. to Im 
])am*d th«t we have not a thourand 
f rMndeo tOi and.yet 't»a odda if one 

Digitized i:)yvjv_/v_/x I ■ '^ 

«2 HTeekfy ESSATS 

in a dfoufioMi can make tfadr jpreten- 
fions good. — Go CO the tooxtva^ he 
tluu; ibllitits» or he that enjoys prefer- 
9eat» and he*ll talk of loyalty, aiai 
■fail atdi&fedion from morning to 
mght, pioteft hiffwhole Ibvl to bede^ 
TOted to his maAer*< intereft» and that 
he would gM^x lay down hif life in 
his^efence : Bat convince him, in the 
middle of his aidoar, that he la jnft 
<B%racad, Hhat his penfion is ftopt, or 
that even his enemy has got the ftart 
of him in the rojnal favour, his zeal 
will drop like a peacock's tail -, nay» 
*tis weU, if' he does not inftantly turn 
^ taUes> ctmiplain.that merit is fl^ht- 
cd, and join with the difcontented to 
rail at the times. — On the other hand, 
so to the patriot, he that fpeeches it 
kHideft in Mcnce of publick ipitit, m 
anaigoment of corniptwn, and fcems 
mod tenderly concerned ibr the cala- 
mities of his countiy s tell him he is 
wanted at court, that a knotty point 
luis' puzzled the whole council, and 

diat the S ^n himfelf has referred 

the dedfion to his fentenoe without ap- 
peal s tell him diis, and fee if his Va- 
nity will not get the better of his vir- 
tue, if he do^ npt order hn chariot 
immediateW to the door, and drive as 
£ift, as Jiim to a kinedoip, to give 
his opinion ; not according to the ne- 
ceffity of the cafe, but the humour he 
is already refdv*d to oblige, at the 
ezpence of his own honour and the 
publick good f — Go to the man who 
profeiies nimfelf mofl a friend, or moft 
a lover ; trv him to the quick ; if he 
is confbint m one charafbr, or di£n- 
terefted in the other ; if demands up- 
on his fortune will not weary him, or 
iuocefs with his miftrefi doy him ! — 
Go to the man of trade, who fwears 
by his credit, and af(c£b to found his 
hioneftyonhisconfcienoe} gotmfthmi 
to make his own bamin, and leave 
your own intereft wholty at his mercy ; 
— Go to your attorney, and employ 
himagainfta nnn twice as rich, as li- 
tigious, and as over-reaching as your- 
xEf; kt him iqto the fbength and 
wealcneffes of your caufe, and treat 
him as if knaveiy was ioconfiflent with 

Ar M A Y 1739.' 

his profefSon; — Go to die bwot, I 
fhoud (ay Mithodift, who would have 
you believe his cmpvirfaiioH is in bestveft% 
who hwties from mid cfaaiwe to goto 
prayers; who leaves his &ner and 
company, abnmdy, to ^ to prayers; 
and who even diilorbs his wife at mid- 
nffiht*— to go to prayers; — Go to dx 
fahunander-coquet, who ftands all trisk 
to have 1 1 undeiftood fhe is above tern- 
ptadonf— Go to the antiquated pmdk^ 
who plumes herfelf on her virgmity^ 
the notable wife, who makes her yc^e- 
fellow a martyr to her virtue; theditf^ 
confolate widow, who furvives her hdb 
band only in compaflion to her ch3- 
dren: — Lifhort, gothronriithewoxU^ 
city, town, or country, CAuich, qqdi^ 
bar, and exchange; is not ^MrMrci to 
be found eveiy where?— In one wor^ 
bave not we r nrrMml Phyers, Fiadh 
heck Orators, PfWMrri Apples, Finch- 
bick Phvficians, PfMrAfari PbetB» Pi^ 
beck PoUtidans, PimcUeci B s , and 

aHhatPincUeckK ? Tobequite 

impartial, I don't know bat what I 
mptlf am of the fiune hypocxitnt 
mixture, and caft in pretty mndi tte: 
fame mould: Sometimes, I |iefoef«%^ 
I want colour, fbmedmes weight, ar 
wayspority; often afiaid of die «mdK 
ftone, but never of At fir^ as hopim^ 
by what I lofe in quantity, I fhafl i» 
[»ove in value. And having deah xhm 
freely with myielf, Iho^aoonewiB 

be onended, if, with fubnuffion toCMC 
i venture to caU this the f^cjMrri^ 

CaArrsMAN, Mity 19. 


ALL men and natkms, befere dv^ 
are corrupted and debes'd, hate 
ever foivht after thofe forms of goveHiv 
ment wmch are moft likely to preiaW 
their if^tffff. The (^if^nf feems to M 
the moft exceDent frfan, as it efbUtflm 
fe many checks 10 the Ata/ ^«fir/W 
and the exeaOive fmuer.^^^ A Primf 
that cmid de m mimg ; an hn nHtnf j^ 
fleae^Mks, with power fuficientia^ 
reftFam die «&onnitic» of the wUf^'^^ 

UiculizeiiL by VJ VJ'.V.^ V.l\^ , 


MwiCb0tocoaiifeltheF/iKw$ and ivUcfc was aiievU that wis datlfmcrai' 

aSmUy of nmi nfrtJntativH $f 
iie Pmfk^ whaooMU teTenoftfiafate 
mjtanitokrrtt if not paly a mnr in 

ti0ft>beclie baft iiinn of gdvcmacaBt 
diat wa €in wilb or ddiie. — But the 
natma of all government it fa an Ja d an 
n«ng^and/ra««^i«mi tocomA^ 1ml 
9or ID endicate aU tfaofe moeives of a* 
lUna inniLeB, whickftt the ivMe worU 
ininotioni that thepuriii]tof/mM«r 
hierBft fliall aDt be detiuneacai to thft 

lorecaBbeperfea: Umnfi be liable to 

fb^ netonijr from the natove of the 
thing itftify bat from the i^crf meani^ 
that were neceOhix 10 fupport the xdo* 
btion of t^fim MmnfiaetKtdfarSmmnti 
^hich was the avowed canie and (aa^ 
datjcnefthe f g w Atf iia. Thisaccafionf 
ed grtmi md vmfiudtmxn, •— The raa^ 
aagement-md ooUeftion of them added 
laraicr nwier and ioflocnce to. the 
trmmi dinMtricanx oppofitf^ in fiune 
meafine, lo the vejy end^ for whick 
they were tailed. — Self-piefenratioa 
aaade it neocfiury to begni» at lail« to 
Meto oamft this giowina ml, (See §. . 
Irbmr it m iomed to cam£L — The ^. omiM. cap. 5.] jfon^ very 
fuCgoa of flictt are the fame. — Each at iirft i 6r di^ only afliABd 

^± ^ 1 — -.L^- Ijg, j^ ^dA ^gittrt iMio meddled in •• 

ieaioBtt. The Cmmmuy nextyear, at-' 
temped a PUKtMlt which d« £«nlr 
icfi&A hot lent them a hill fcxtrhwh 
mmlfarlummtu\ which wasaereedtD 
hf the Cmmms^ and it^ed the .R^m/ 

Al^^ ^ , 

We then got a flep nftfaery towaras 
referring our caniAia/iMr} fivnoMmf 
wrj, CBoept the OommiiEonen of the 

. Tfta/wj, u^ims, and fm;^, codd be 

ibd inoar ftroor,) mikfs an im/k af concerned in the ounagement and 001* 
Vmmmx be geally the f '^t j h ta i i v a f kaioiiaf anytaxthan gruited, orany 
dk Pojfk t mdeto their htUr^ alone u ~ 

(0 iflnwoTe upon anotJier^ 
aad.<wnoontthotedbAatleB, which the 

ed ^ the whole community had iai« 
finrdteirgsnefalpfefav^atMn: And 
as the power ^ fttt$3imr, rmjmrdhff 
mifmi/UMfg, (wUdh is intirery in t£e 
HmvMs) tW ffrowiqg nature of Mt 
fmjutr mM&9 hy dcmc9§ eat ap the#* 
tktr ftrt$ if the £ffflim§ : nothing 
canpieioiteos^ aexttotbedirinepro* 
vknoe, {whidi hath lb often interpo* 

tfadrgiiidaafiei anlefi the avowed and 
plain motive of their adions are for the 
^a0diaf their caf|/^lMrar/j andmiUs the 
m hash not the power of inflaen« 
dmeothecattory. — Thisa^ 
a tmfiimm^ ndiidi dme hath 
t. Tbt/armunimatm 
I bot weic we to exa^* 
into the difaence, itmuftbeby 
iebockwaids. Inwhatagb^ 
woold onr /n;^ JMJrr and 
Jt0 fnJmiafives then ap|iear ? 

; bot did not cor* 
ih^twa^tAa^ wUchatDfefiom 
AesromAaafiy meeting ia thercigBof 
daritslL that i%continning too Jong 
iimfimmfmAamnt^ and iQ much infla- 

that ihoold be hereafter granted. A 
imallptogreis was dms made to check 
this growiitf etil 1 but the next year 
weoGtainecC upon avaloable confide^ 
sationt what was then thonijht wonld 
praveafidlmmedyj for which tlhall 
ooote Bifliop Btarmit\ authority^ who 
toeaks thos» W. a.> 13$. 

«< With die 8^ Ac/(^ as the prioo 
or baigun for them, die mU fir fit* 
fimtjarluuaatts'mmttaii ana to this 
tbt l^Jjffiatvasgnm. Itwasse* 
ceivedwithcreatioyi many fancying 
that all thor sMcr J^s and bUenki 
were now the more lecBre» finoe dvs 
was pa&'d mtd a law. By thefe 

meaoi^ it was hoped that oar coHftiiM* 
tim^ etfjpecially that part of it, which 

„^ — ...^^^ . tdi^ tothslm/ef Cmmm, wooW 

WdieeawfiasiiottobeeflBenicd again locover bodi its ftrength and rc-^ 

€t^iwmiTftnfinu^ti^sefth$Piatk. nutation, which were now very awwfc 

TfeaiSCandevendie/BrArtSci^. £mk| fa ^T'^^l^^^t^^^^^ 

^ becttaHenfihleofdnsWxor.and ipteirf, diat it was bdicvcd every thing 

want «f due care op^ 

titts caosed by thmiMtihi.' 

W* ^ 

a 14 If^eekly ESSArS 

- We hire therefore, nwrn this fx>mt» 
the opinion of otre, wno cannot be 
thought prejudiced againft thai reifn» 
From hence we fee the ftate of affairs, 
mnd what was the general opinion of 
thc/e tims, with refpeft to the neceffi^ 
ty ofsiremdyy as well as the means of 
procuring it ; and it is jprobable that, 
in fome meaiure, it anlwercd the de^ 

11^ MAY 1739? 

ted againft corruption in thtlmfi^Clmh 
nma. The reaion was otorioiis. It vns 
deftruftion to hnhfarties^ who eqiAlIf 
;ht that they were prftiing Che 
of their country, it was vifiUe 
nalfarly dsfferenees would be ez^ 
tin^ The namt might remain a» 
tmrt-tttisi but the^/roMM/, in eflfe^ 
would be only the refrtjentatroes rf Hi 

fign, fince we know that triemiiul par- pay-maftirs^ and be a minUlerial partf 
liaments were not fiich certain follow* againft the nvifolenatiw ; tor there can 
crs of a minifier^ in eVery thing, as be no other, if mimftmal injhenet 

they have been fmce the repeal ofthmt 
«b?, whidi oilightned and enlarged the 
amderftanding of a mnijlir, fo as never 
to be in the wrong. 

• This law was more eftcAual than is 
ceneraliy imagined, though far from 
being fufficient to prevent the corrupt 
influence on the metnhers, — The (hort- 
nefs of time to praAife oii them, and 
the quick returns to mw ele^ions are 
obvious. — But the frequent diffoluti- 
ons of them, and their going fo often 
•contrary to the views of the court, are 
•prooti of another nature. — It was not 
then thought, that to whomfoever the 
furfe was given, they fhould fo impli- 
citly fblk>w that fianiari^ ^ they did 
in all lang parliaments^ both before and 
iince. — A vrau parliament was then the 

ihould ever totally prevail. — The poP 
feffion of power in the hands of zfiw, 
founded on pecuniary methptb^ and go- 
verning againft the general opinion ud 
intereft of the people^ b certainly a fif 
aion^ in the ft ronge ft fenie of the wordi 
and ySvr^ tf >W7m» there mnft be, when- 
ever a c9rr>At injkeme prevails overall, 
underthe dirediott and laih of ^fifk 
mnifter^ who knowv by expericnoe that 
all \a&iependinti aad pr^effmrimll kt- 
fake him, the moment he can feed 
them no longer. — But, to return f» 
the defign of thefe papers, ii^cfa is to 
Ihew the increaie of this einl} the hh 
eftedual methods, which have been hi- 
therto aken to remedy it ; and oonfe- 
cjuently the neceffity of an a6t of par- 
liament for limiting the number of ^ 

certain confeq^uence of a new ndniftry, foers who (hall fit in the honfi ef Cmt- 
'Hie majority on /ari^/MSr continued mens: 

steady to theje princes, which thev 
thought were tor the good of their 
country ; and would fcrve only upon 
thofe views : for though party prejudi- 
tes fometimes prevailed, to the aetri- 

The aft for triennial parliaments had 
not all the eSe€t that could be wiihed. 
The change of a mimfier chane'd a par- 
lament, and the corrupt inftaence of 
placet gave either party the fnperiority; 

ment of the *wh^ ; yet the opinion of but their ill conduft, in oppc^tion to 
the People was generally reprelented by the fenfe of the nation, nKule changes 

the/e, who -were chofen f9r that pur- 
pofe. Neither fide durft 00 any great 
lengths asainft Uheriy ; for heth fides 
were (enfible how much it would afteft 
their future eleftions. Corruption was 
not then the fmgle principle of govem- 

* ment. The real, or miflaken means, 
(yf preferving the conftitutioUy was the 
fundamental prindpie of hath parties, 

^J (hall not enter into the particular 

views of tho/e parties, during the time 

of hath, which fbll tht mon evinced 
the neoeflity of putting an end to this 
influence, — The King loved preregO' 
ti*ue too wdl, tho\i^h he came hither 
to relieve us from it^;^ What we pur- 
chafed has been already fhevra. He 
would not part with any influencing 
Phaser, for his life, or the race of die 
Stuarts, But the next fiomfy was to 
refuse and pi efi av e us m our liberties 
better than the revolution had done; 
and the nation entred into a new cem- 

o^ triennial parliaments. Bethi/trtiomt' 
' the wrong; but the majority of paB, as the condition of receiving them 
^^ were fixt to their princ^^andum* into the throne. --An ad was theRfore 


fFeeify ESSyfrS in M AY ly^g^ 215 

paflfid [ri. 13. W, III. r^. 2.] >• rtalm, JbaU he tranfaaed theti, and aU 

the farther Umitatitn of the crmvHy and re fobttitms taken there fi>aU he Jigned hy 

better ficuring the rights and Uhertiesef thofe <whe advifed and cenfinted te them. 

the fiUnea. -^ The prcambk fays : —This article is likcwifc repealed, and 

^ Whereas it is reqaifite and necef- a cabinet emncil fubftituted in its ftead. 

£u7 that kmtfartherprefvifian be made 
ioT ieomng oar religion^ laws and /i- 
tirties, kcr 

The a£i is chiefly founded upon the 
ivant of tbofe ficnrities^ in his own 
fdiffL Bat I mall confider them as a 
rtnmvai ef oar confUtmion, — It was a 
fionfirmation id all ear former rights^ 
and confifted oi eight exfrefs articles be* 

tji, fhatthe Ktf^flfaUheefearre" 
Sgioei. — The reUgion of a Sovereign is 
certainly vtry nuterial. It gave a 
hiais to the politicks of the two fre^ 
ueeUng reignsi and we had fieed our- 
felves fhmi it by effeanaljhuggbs and 
ioFWs. But no laws will cure the car-> 
rmftim emd hmmraHtj^ eftheftoflt, Rr& 
introduced by Charles IL In fhort, 
nothing will do it bat the example of 
K great and nnrfwom race of Princes, 

By the 21/ article of thbaCfc, thenar 
tion ^veu net to he engaged in am «u3ar 
for the defend of dominions, nvbicb do not 
hebmg to the crown ^Engbnd; without 
the cmfmt of parliament.'^ This was 
alio a wife precaution, to prevent our 
becoming a money-province to foreign 
dwuuio nji and every body knows how 
panftnally it hath been obfervedi fer 
nothing of this kind hath been done 
witbontthe comjent rf parliament. — The 
aflairs of Bremen, rerden, ai^ Stein^ 
borft are beneath our notice. 

upon all great aflairs; which is, no 
doubt, an alteration vtty much to our 
advantage, fincc a cabinet council is e- 

fteem^d, in all our neighbouring na* 
tions, of much more iSgnity than a 
prity council. Whop Burnet, [ W. 2. 
p. 434.] indeed, teUs us; that it was 
repealed, hecaufeitwasimpnSkabh;. 
fince it ivas vijShle that no man nvould 
be a Privy-counfcllor, on tbofe terms. — 
Great advantages would certainly have 
ariien from fuch a praaioe, and we 
fliould have known who adviied and 
confented to many of our pa/i mea/ures^ 
efpedally the late conventioni but it 
WDold indeed be very inconvenient ta 
a minifter, who will take no body*s $id« 
vice but hit own. AVL Prvup-counfitl- 
lors may now fay that they did not ad- 
viie any meafure, and even blame it 
afterwardsi but the danger of y&«M^ 
ib^ir adviee and oonlent might be iome^ 
times imtraSicahle with their tenure of 
the minifter*$ favour,' whtlft he had the 
pur^ in his own hands, 

. By the ^th article of the iameadl it 
wasdecreed» tbatFonEiGvziisJhuld 
haw no employments. Sec. — This was a 
very right one too, Mid therefore jufUy 
prcferv'di for why fhould foreignert 
take the bread out of our mouths? 

By the 6th article, no per/on nvho hatk 
an al&QC, or pbce of prpfit un^er the 
King, or receives a penfipn from the 

By the 3^ artide, the King 'wat not crown, /hall be capable of ferving, as es 

tegooutof the dominions of the crown, member of the houfe of Commons. — If 

without conjent of parUamint\ which this had been prefervJed to us, the 0- 

was repoled in the firft year Qf his ther nuts, perhaps, h^d never beoi 

late 14ajefty's reign. — ^Thb limitation repealed. To prevent the corrupt in* 

waa foimded oi^y apon the notion that fiuence of the crown had long been con^ 

our Princes might like their natrve do^ tended for by the lovers of their coun^^ 

miuiouM top well; and endeavour to 
make them, by vtw acouifitions, the 
fat of their futpre mnoeur, as well 
as the toodiftone of tneir politicks^ and 
dram away the money of this country. 
By the^^ article it was.ordain'd,/i&al' 
all thisvsfroperfy cogniscqhle in the priyy 
wxsna^jy the laws and cuflms of tbit 

t/y. But here they obtained too much \ 
for they could not exoed that the law 
yvonld be kept, .whilft there were evei^ 
triennial parlian^nts I fince a fubfequent 
parliament full enough of place-men^ 
though ptpbablv not half fo nuiny as 
have fince had teats there, were to \i% 

lLi6 ff^ikfy ESSAT^ 

took place. Thus all imiied in dia 
ftsie nitncft.--It wait to be f«»i i^ht 
^oligr, not to make fo wukj friend* 
of tte futciffim krfeis \pf its tikmg 
jbce. There W9stnt^m9ij fariUt- 
mm fae&rn^ a ^fa^«>B8^ ^^ ^ ^^' 
mrwiusre the btfUmu rf ib$ ermtm 
was more applied. Tlie /MrM£r ^ 
teiifiMMqf are ibne proof of It to tbi 
day. — I oould enter into pftrdadan^ 
knt am ktii todiftafb tkeaihesof the 
dead. I Hodl tinefore adty cbbrwt, 
ibae, in order to obtain die repeal of 
tbismtkk, thef werefcrcMtog^aa 

Sdiita tLm/i, aa it was alwayt caL 
and fton to tddtdTea, iiefiit 
kaf of twry mrniiTy njob^Meafiarf^ 
^bat^jSMtii^mcatid, Mmig^be 
e. 8.]-*-^i sa emntterated fevenl 
/^r/f , aaoie tfaah weie m entioped ia 
ibz/hmrr kwj, whick a sUMirr flf 
fmtUamfnk was Aot capfldile of holJu 
ing. NooAcewastohanattreater 
AttmberofCiwm;^KMiri than beloie the 
firft dajr of the meetingof /to surJlte* 

wetefolowasnottobe thooghtof as 
' tifnjhtduivij, and therefore no prayi* 
^ tyas made againft them ill the etf. 
The teoeivint e fifijSm fnm the 
crowii, daring meaihre, and the ha* 
ting any mw tgSe0t otfiau •/ fftfk^ 
treated flocethe author Ooi&fr 170;, 
made every man meapable of being a 
rfr. we *' " * *"* 

/ere tiiii «d beilfifily eta- 
jnined, there might poiQMy be found 
fim members, wlk) have frte mfar^ 
me^, and ma^ isnvs for ns, under #^ 
hci^iHes, — The Spirit mud intention 
tsli ibis Uru) mza^ to reduce the nt»dk# 
0f fUee-mem eren ftt that time in the 
imfe, — If Cmmuffimmrs are not to be 
edded, it is trifliiHg.with the netbn to 
fopply their tiomber with Cierb* If 
to new fUitesBieiBldxlM to Jksts there, 
it b tmbolti^ apon the common ftflfo 
$ni nnoerllandirig of mankind to fay» 
<hat ihe ifUje ought to be filed with 
the officers of t]£ armf and mavj^, be« 
fides meafi, kw, end ^bfimv mht; be« 
^ufe their places happen eo be fome^ 
what 0^. At this rate, the Samftf 

in MAY r73f, 

JVi^Miri e«d Arf^HMifini ere moee hof 
hoOTblf, and have a better ii|^ to 
fit in farHamtm. 

By the yi^ artkb of this ibaUoHm 
dBi theconuttifiimsofthe7a4rv/am 
msde to oontiMie, igimmdm/k iSm g^ 
Jerim, and temovcaUe 01^ npott ml 
addreis of farUaasesd. — wtry bo^ 
nridaftood that thiewas iateadfedte 
make the Jw^ fit Sfti bat qpee 
his pteient Majefty's ectefim te ^ 
dmme, (I know not ^ii4iether by lew 
or f rei o g m t kf e) one ^ax^ ^^^aa tnnfd 
out ^ were in the &snecnnditiotti 
end the sftbr #£<«e» were certainly gjbd 
to hold thdr cdmmifions «dn. 

The 8^i^ artide Jeckres^ Am^ ee/N^ 
m ms iwiMM.hniMS. Bat this foema le 
begrawmg (Mbkee, and wiU prehebb 
be of no nfc s fiaoe MSSr are now & wett 
anthonfed, and are a mach fi^rer mor 
tkod of pioeeeding widi fitcoefi agaiii 

. To coododCy 1 cannot hnp obfa^ 
inng that the repeal of the meikirm^ 
i9ve mmH^md was ptociued hf the 
WbigSt whea they weke in power, uA 
that no body OM think itwaa done fieei 
the influence ^ their frnt j^fi Ha t ifk^ ^ 
Itcamiot bedfened^bat fhefimi^mi 
who haveaAed onder the deaomsia* 
tion and iandion of that farp^ with* 
outfoBowingtfaeftw^</jt^ haee 
done nnne rml 1000 kftmg mifchief ae 

their comitiy thah the fir^ wevei 
capable of dbisg, in theh' fiilfeft pie* 
nitede of power. The ai>foidiqr «f 
their far^^fHaeifki Carried ea the 
t» fifis their afti 

hmht» fifis their aftiona with 
di^Bons. The ffirig^frMk being 
more-forth^ incereftandt^tsefthe 
ftm&, hath made it moch more ea% 
ao bmay us.— This foffdendy fiiewt 
die crron on iethfidny and the neorf^ 
fity of onldi^ m me mailmml fmttfM^ 
giinft ejQP mbsifimial faep, by whet 
naaie feever calMi whidi, widi^iia 
fiattSf feU^imss^ eN9» ee^, Zra^ ana 
the mercenary pen of die ehssnhy be* 
fides all die other meanrof fadtaendm^ 
thinks itfidf more than a match fiv tK 
^^jhkfetfk. lamt 4^ 

Digitized by VJ v_/K_/ v l'- COi'a'aW 

1 Don't know any thing that do^ 
apre honour to the ciqr of Zoaiiii, 
than die reibliitioa pafled in thecou^ 
fif Common Council oau^£/ the 17th. 
A diieovery being made of a oom- 
iMOuiott relating to work to bo 4lonp 
£tr the ctw, in whiqh there were rev 
Jbn^to fuipea that a number of the 
fiad Ccmmion Council was cancerned, 
^r paffiuig ibme refoludons againft 
fiikcA co^gkf^ in th^ con^bination, a 
jbill was G&nd to be brought in, \sy 
which that coort excludes their Awn 
aMSmben from doing work fi>r the city. 
: Soph B iislf-denyif^ bill nu4 gi?ip 
die ^fDrld«moft advantageous idea c^ 
the pHUkk ^iritof ^Common Oomi- 
iA^ :aii4 mmfideiing. die neat tni|t 
mpofedl ID them by their lUkny-citir 
mD\ ifjttefi&i not .^flabljih in the 
minds of men a confidence of flieir in- 
Htptf^ the dtjjr woold be filled with 
mnriwuv and wcpntentk *-^ They are 
« Uttfe AtfUunenti.they are eleded 
Jbj a 9Mt bofhr of pe^te, their equals. 
jkKhMbpij being-feoo nnmerous to 
jiiaiia«Ltbetr own aCairSy they have in- 
»iAs3 and mpowored thofe nn^ 
for .the wk^. 

By this ad they have ihnt their dooi)B 
i^BMftceiTQptionf they have^ not only 
:fBibid atBcntnnce there, but dbey have 
jtakeoretre to dear that conrt fix)^l the 
^ery fo^pidott of being corrvmt. — Such 
m r ep irta t i op, once eftabtifhed, muft 
nodope all the efibfts .which natorally 
ftnr from go^ gpvem&ienti and] 
look upon it to be the fame thing dfi 
it 6ie iMNi&of Commons fiipuld pafs 
n kw to exclude themfdves fiom bc^ 
3BC^nees.of profit 

The leafons for the fail are mudi 
ftrongcr than for 4be other 1 bat yet 
^ OmMnonComkeUbave fomuch in 
their iXNvec» tliat. this refolution caur 
not ftO nf giruq; uni verial 6t}sfik6Uoii< 
Thef have the making of byJaws for 
^ garvenunentoC the city : The ap- 
plicatm and di%iial of the ^ty\ mo^ 
oey bckngB to than: . They ai^ tq tidce 
fare tbat the fund defig^ for im- 

in MAY 1739. My 

waving thirir e(Ute, iwuring and a* 
jdoming their publick buudings, IhouU 
not be embezzled and fuidc into private 
l^ockets: In fine, they are to be acheqc 
i^KNDi all its minifiers an4 &nrants. 

If corruption ihould once creep i^ 

amon^ them,, the court pf Commop 

Council would be like PatukrA's box, 

from whence continual pfagues would 

iflue upon the city : .You wouki fee 

nothii^ but combinations and proje^ 

to fifuander awav the publidc fiock: 

Expences would be contriv'4 withont 

.the leaft appearance, of publick uie, 

merely fisr the takt of giving a tog4 

jol> to fuch and fuch members: The 

dity inwld be mn hi ^bt *. tt would 

be devoured by procuration mon^ and 

intereft : Its publkk ibock would be 

divided by th^ verrief^ fcpundrds in 

the dty : All its offiom wouU g^ 

.eftates, and the dty itfelf be redii^ 

<|x> a ibite of bankruptcy.. . 

. Ifa point of univeHal concern ihottU 

.be .hroaght, before theiBp the luivatp 

interett of two or three members of 

that court would carry it before that 

of the whole fociety without doors. 

. The dty Chsunl)erlain, for the greaj^ 

merit of being sutrufted with the pii- 

blick money, or being then- Treafures^ 

-might find means of erecting himfelf 

ioto the mafter, or rather the tvran^ 

of the dq^ : JB^ veqal cabals^ ana mer* 

cenary aftodations, a ftdtion might br 

£>rm*d in the Common Counol, of 

which he might cafilv make himfelf 

4^ehead, that mig^t oe ftrong enough 

to o«t-vota thoie who were attached t$ 

ihe true intereH of the d^ : Truth and 

seaiba would b^ borne o>wq, and be 

4)bliged to give, way to the ftrength qf 

nvnioers, and he that kq>t thp money 

4Pvoukl dire£t and controul the refolar 

dons of that coitf t «s abiblatoly as if 

ttktY were his hired fervants. 

If this or that member (hoaU b^ 
jRnmd out. in- ibme corrupt pradtice% 
and fboold be aocufed } would his brft> 
Xhren condemn tuaiy or ib mndi ^ oenr 
iure him, when a majority of then^ 
felves had been guilty of the like ; wheii 
£)o»e of them; 99 well a$ tbdr Treai: 

Uigi!iz5ci by V^v_/«^7Vl- *WW^ 

2i8 W^eekfy ESSATS 

fnier, had perhaps ihared the booty 
with this voy pnibn ? — In a ncigh- 
t)oormg king^m, a man of quality 
ivas lately condemned by his Peers ftur 
murder, (l mention it to their honppr ;) 
but does any body fuppofe, that if 
twelve, of the twenty tnite, that found 
bim euilty, had committed murder 
themtehres, that they would not haye 
acquitted him f Mod certainly they 
would. — When diofe that are to pn- 
nifh others, are themfelves the greateft 
criminals, there is nothing daneerous 
in fuch a dty except virtue and hor 

Tbiews have tpitbmty for their 

When judges JteeJ tbeu^hes. 

What moSt become of that city 
which is to receive laws from a fa£tion 
iMermined againft truth and demon- 
ftzation ? wl»t can. it expert, but to 
lee the good of the whole faciificed to 
die private inteieft of a few ? — Me- 
thinKs I fee their impudent leader gi- 
▼ine them laws with a nod; prefenting 
daK and unintelligible accounts, which 
are paffed without examination; while 
the abuied citizens without are told, 
with a fneer, it is not fit they fhould 
know what is done with the publick 
money, it being for fecret fervice ; for 
under that artide might they continu- 
allyrob the dty. 

The GiambCTlain would be running 
the city into unneoeiTary and expenfive 
law fttits ; then, not knowing now to 
manage or conduA them, make them 
up again by (candaloos and more ex- 
peniiw compofidons; the CommoA 
Council, al^this while, giving him the 
thanks of that court for every blunder. 
— Thus would the fadion behave eve- 
ry day ; and when thc^ rttired to their 
private dubs and cabals, at night, they 
would applaud their own impudence, 
and laugh at the tamenefi <^ the dti- 
zens for fufiering them to go on. 

The Chamberlain would ingrofs all 
the beneficial offices and employments 
in the dty to his own &mily, let them 
be never fach worthleis am'mals, as if 
(he dty was made for them alone. Yoq 

in MAY 1735^, 

wouM fee them loaded widi its fpoSa 
and its wealth, while no body could 
get any thing but through them ; yott 
would fee him, perhaps, build a pa^ 
lace for himfelf, while the dty wamad 
a houfe for its Lord Mayor. 

As fuch meafures muft occafion uxafi^ 
verfal difcontent, and raife a fpurit a* 
gainft him, he might probably tsid htf 
enemies defiance, and tell than that, 
let them threaten as mnch as they idea- 
fed without doors, he feared notning^ 
for he was fure of his numben withiiL. 

The members of this honeft &£do» 
would tell thofe that com|4ained of the 
Tuin which this man*s condoft had 
brought upon the aifidrs of the d^f^ 
that they w:re a ieditious rabble; that 
they were obliged to fubmit to what- 
ever the majority of the ComsMa 
Coundl fhoud enad 1 that their de» 
Aors had no right to call them to aa 
account ; that, though what was al- 
ledged againft the Qiambeiiain was 
true, thev were obliged to fopipoit hiai^ 
and would fupport him ; that if diejr 
did not quieuy fubmit, they would lie 

g'ven to underfland that the Chamber- 
in had the dty mili^ of hie ikhv 
and wodd make them fobmit. 

Yon wookl fee regular fdiemes cais- 
riedcm to introduce luxury and oorrnpt 
the morals of the dtlaens. 

You would fee an Alderman, that 
pretended to great credit in paying his 
bills, not alhamed at GtdMmU to vfad 
for a corrupt dependency of the Com- 
mon Council upon the Chamberlain f 
infixing upon it, that com^pdon th«ic 
was aUblutely neceflaiy for the peace 
of the city. 

You would fee thisfhamdefs fiiaioa 
crowding to make him a levee in a 
momins, and hanging aboat his office 
lor theur wages wh^ the Common 
Coundl was over. — I don't doobt bat 
he would have the impudence to fnm- 
mon them every now and then in a 
publick manner, and give them onJen 
what new laws fhoold be made to ia- 
creafe his power, and what new jobs 
let on foot to increafe his eftate. 

There would be an extreme han^v' 

Uigitizeil by v_:i\„J"^wi^, IBf 

fFeekfy ESSATS 

>/ and agreement betwixt die members 
of fiich a bopefu] h€doB^ whenever the 
«t}r was (0 be opprefled or robbed: — 
« job, indeed, mieht prove a bone of 
contention, and tkey might wrangle 
^hoihoiild have the largeftfhare; no- 
thing die could occaiion the leaft dif- 
^aence of opinion. 
• Jf ever thecityof iflw^^ihouldbe 
Rdaced to fuch a deplorable £taation, 
whatoould the honeft part of the Cbm- 
mon Council, or the few hcineA Alder- 
men do, when the)r could no longer be 
43^ufe to the city, but, in juftification of 
their own charaders, feparate them- 
felves fipm fach an abandoned ciew, 
and ihun Gui!d4}idl9A if the plague was 
thnre ? This method of proceeding 
would <^n the eyes of the citizens, 
and perhaps raiic fuch a fpirit agiinft 
the next ele^on as might oo^on the 
excluding fuch a gang of thieves. . 
^ If once, I fey, corruption ihould creep 
into the Common Council, a Chamber- 
lain m^t brine all this to pais with- 
out the kaft abifities. An inierior cun- 
ning wonld inftnia him to give his 
tn)ops their pay J and when he had 
peatly robbol, and greatly blundered, 
felf-preiervation would inform him that 
Freedom m\A not be left in that place, 
where it would certainly deftroy him, 
if it was fufFercd to fubfiH ; and lb 
m^ht the city of hmdm be reduced 
to a ftatc of petty ilavery . 

But we iee a quite contrary fpirit go- 
vern there. Their Chamberlain, tho' 
he is intrufted with the publick money, 
is fUll their fervant ; he keeps withm 
his own province, and is honeiUy con- 
tent with his o¥vn falary ; he is not 
flaiged, or fo much as fufpeded of 
jobs, nor is his family fct aflridc upon 
the city, with reins in their hands, to 
Jide with whip and fpur ; and of con- 
leqoenoe their funds are neither anti- 
cipated, nor their cilate mortgaged. 

Asjprivate interefl does not govern 
the fcfclutions of that court, their opi- 
yps and debates are free; — no man 
thetc waits for the wink or nod of a 
jwrnpt leader before he knows which 
«M of a c^ucflion he is to take ; and 
wcif difoing fo frequently upon points 

te MAY f^39r; 2,5 

that come before them, isa proof that 
they are under no influence but that of 
confciencc and reafbn:— their hand3 
arc ftrangers to the touch of the bribe; 
their way of maintaining their families 
xs by methods that adds to the publick 
lupport J they are unacquainted with 

S^te*^- ?^>^ ^^*=^ ^^ the 
wwlth of cities mto private pockets :— 
They have no notion of fetting up fomo 
one cornq)tfellow as an idol, and imi- 
tating the ftupidity of. the Uplanders, 
who frequcafly carve an ill-fevoured 
figure out of the rotten flump of fome 
old trw, and when they have done, 
kneel down and worlhip the work of 
their own hands. 

Yet this is the city, and this the 
Lonamon Council, that hath been late- 
\y abufed and infulted by a felfe and 
fcandalous M, printed and difperfed all 
over three kingdoms, reprefentii» then^ 
as a mean contemptible body o7mcn • 
^fe are the people that are called Raz- 

£lift ^'^ "^^' ^^^ ^««Pt w 
I will venture to promife that man 
who, for many yeais paft, hath been 
the avowed enemy of this city and of 
this Common Council, that the Rag- 
*ers will not change colour; they 
have declared they will have this man 
down, and the Rag^jers are men of 
their words, 

Caf FTSMAN, iJ% 26. 

THt' following letter fell accio'en- 
tally into my hands : and thoucf, 
It contains a moft formidable dcfign a- 
gainft mffelf2xd Common Sen/e, as well 
as die national part^, in which we are 
both engaged ,• yet, for the fake of /Vk- 
partiality, and the intereft of the poor • 
Gtntl^n v/ho wrote it, I hope our 
friends wiUexcufe thepubUcatiqn of it. 

CavArtdgty May 10. 1730. 
7b Nicholas P~n E/ji Mufter^Tr.a^ 
fierisemralo/allthe minijlerial forces. 

I May itpUafeyour Honour, 
>Eing entirely devoted to t]'' 
pmintfterial intereft yZrA hearing tiiat 

ymr Hpnourhs,^^^£lo\^^^^ 

126 tfTeekfy EtSATS 

and diicdum c»f the ScrAes in thnt fer- 
▼ice» I moft kvmbljr beg letve to make 
the following amplication to you. 

I am a poor raW of a college in tkis 
eniverfity, and in At^ 9rdsrs i bat not 
being able to get %ixf Jpiritual fnfir^ 
mmty I (ball be ^ to ferve my Kii^ 

and cfknHj (that ii the U m) in 

a foBHt^ c^ifaeiif : which cannot be 
thought unbecoming tur/knSimt^ fince 
many peribns of the higheft ftadons in 
the chureb hare not bmi aihamed to 
lift themfehres in the fame cade, to the 
great emolnment of the nation. 

I may (av, without Tanity, that I am 
reputed to be a man of foroe kamhigt 
and obferye, with gztat nief of heart, 
that no one man oj^leiterttiSL^ been yet 
engaged by jmr, in fo glorious a canfci 
except a certain bac&y ParfiK, Of 
what rtligimfx wthvirfiiy he is, I know 
not f but X am fcre his performances 
are beimth thoTe of a Uttk coimtfy 
fibdolina/lers or eren TLfihool-hty, — ^Then 
as to Sir uf. J?. C. the hafiprd^mmifi^ 
the mean hifrifierj Mr. Algernon ^imey^ 
and the reft of the Gafutteer-^wriien^ 
I wiU undertake to ma-it all their m/- 
Mngs^ not excepting even Capt. Piftot\ 
whoy as we are informed, hath ktety 
engaged himfelf in your Hmem^i fcn-- 
vice, thoujgh he will, no doubt, be of 
great credit to mr payiy% both on his 
onvn, and his 'UMrtby fathePt account. 

I wil} be very ingenuous with ymr 
Hmour% and therefore freely confefs, 
that I have been heretofore efteemed a 
^Aryt oxJeuMte : but I hope that will 
be made no objedion to my future fer* 
vices; fince it is well known, in this 
sart of the country, that the moft oon- 
BderaUe Pi^^s did our noUeUUron ve- 
xy eminent fervice at the k4 eleAi(Mi, 
though I am forry to iay without any 

In fliort, Siry I fhall be always rea- 
dy to obey your Honeta^^ i«*iftle, upon 
any occafion, like your oiher fttftrndt- 
ftria; and will therdfbrt give yop a 
little caft of my art, in hppes of your 

We hear that die city and liberty of 
Weftmnfter hath been lately infttled 
with a moft terrible ^jjponVisnr, Qtgbefl^ 

21 MAY 1^39; 

wUch ceatinaaDjr haimta At Maf^ 
bourhood^ and puts them under divaid* 
ibl qipr^anfions. — It^bn ^ 
ana hath ibmetimts t 
to adtaaoe bigheri erying J 
MHUtf.~U often talks, in a 

tk$, FrekmiMMriis^ Cmnemimu^ Sumduf 
Jthtiij, CMilAft^ Sitra Senvie^, $am 
Fwiis tf CtmBi^ to the pneat aftodib^ 
ment of the InfaabitantB 1 vtho^ notle' 
lif the wifeft men in the kingdom^ era 
apt to be fri^teed with any hmgiem: 
-^At other times he ^leaks very fieely 
of Khgs» miAfter$y Anbtfmdtrs, and 
PfBticiems of all forts. 

Various are die conjeteret AM, 
nHi e^fmnnen* ■*-* oone peepie ii^ipoie 
itto}xxiui^Antfif 2L departed Jleaefimif 
by calUng to loudly and eameftly hi 
mmeyi but by talking fb freely of ii^i# 
MSntfiers, Mbafadtrs^ and Peikkumi 
I take it to be the ghoft <^ ibme S/ 
imtemed fairkty who ftili hanntt tht 
^aee^ where he once refided^ and ocan 
tinues to cBfturb it with his poilbaiaMs 

I am credibly infermM, ttet np& 
catkm hath been nuufe to fevcial t^ 
^iWrendPrekaet to lay il^ AM ia 
OicRiJSeai but they all defi/d (0 be 
excttfcd from taking to Umg and cz- 
iienihe a jouniey, left fbniediiag mMt 
]ia]ypen to their diftulvanflM^, dnni« 
their abfence, by the dendi of Aeir 
hnin^en, — Thev likewife r ep r d ei ad, 
that their attendance in town was ib 
abfolutdy neceftarv, for the fMUkfir^ 
ince, that they haa not even kifm to 
take proper'care ofiMr mtm Ae^^ 
which had occafioned great refUboai 
upon them by the makcmetenis. 

Shioe therefore thofeffNereMrClnr' 
ikmen are h much enncM, I wiD'oi' 
dertake to hy this freASfime j^M; by 
the dint of iny quill, to as never te 
mokft us any more, if your Smtmr 
Ihould be ple^*d to retain me in yoiar 
fervicc*-" J etm 

ntfp dnhful eufm 

Digitized by ij^/'^/^r. CMfT*»« 

A Utter rehtinz to Trade in Scotland 
fii&f Mtfir^/ir Scots Magaziu 

ST ]» been with madi pleafiue I, 
andallwliowifli well to Scotland, 
ve read feveral accounts of Bchems^ 
ff^fiJs, bfc. for the enriching your 
countiy by a general increafe and im- 
proronent in Agriculture, Plantii^ 
and every other part of Ho/bandry $ 
andj, which is almofl neceiZarily conie- 
qtient thpoeon, alamextepfion of your 
Trade and Maoofiiaures, in the various 
branches capable of being rendered 
beneficial to the poor artificers, and ad- 
yantagQous to the whole knd :^ But, 
it liappened, from what caufe you may 
saoie probably know than I, that moi^ 
If not all your beneficial pkns have ter- 
wamaUd in fyuukiHm only, without 
produdng £> much as an attempt to 
not into praaice what has evident^ 
been calculated for the nxxl of your 
country. — The radon of this rsayht 
well worth enquiring into.; for ioine 
vcrjr Ibrmidable ca^ there muft be, 
wbich can have fruftrated the endea- 
vours of ib many peHbns of ingenuity 
9oA wiidom, of*^ penetration and can- 
donr, from taking elfed, in inihAoes 
where tiofnwai views tCKMbja/s^ no 
fi^'htartft could influiiui, and only a 
vMv fir Scotland could animate. 

Yoor Fishery is owned, by all 
nentull'd in that kind of bufinefs, to 
becapaUeof almoftincredible improve- 
ment, and fuffident to fpread a new 
fioe of piolperit^ oyer tjie whole king- 
dom : but with whqtt flow advances is 
that befi of gAtmims ^tivated among 
jmrfffves, while fitngners^ at more 
than ifiuhli the expence you need to be 
at on the iame occafion, vifit jmr feas, 
nay jamr very coafis^ to tzsvf frmym 
dt6fe trea/kres which nature had made 
ymrowuf — What Scot* man who de- 
ierres the name, can fee thefe ravagis 
without ooncem 9 who, poilefled af a 
generaus love of his own country, with- 
out vexation f •— If the menamopg ysou 
iwlo have fortunes dupable of impro- 

2 the Fyb 7r4^ with the vigour ne- 
ry to fupply the firng^ mariets 
,j9arfihijt a|:c priodpally Gentls** 

MEN, it is from Gentlemen only,* 
men of, and the open, 
geneitNis feitiments r^fulting ironi 
thence, that tincperfeamg {achpu^Hd 
midgrtakingt can atone be cxgeftedj 
fince, furdly, none will urge, .that a. 
capacity of Jerpit^ one's cotmtrjf is a 

^J»^f^ iMAntig it: for where 

Trade 19 ejfmtialxxs the tuealtJIf andfrth 
Atrity of a nation,. Kings thcmfelves 
diulain not the name nor buiiners of 
Merchants. And how fir preferable 
IS the name of Patriot to that of a 
man whofe eftate icrvesonly'to/^ft/ 
hii ownfamihf^ while, with additional 
4uhantage to bimfelf^ it might be made 
to/npport tboufands in his own age^ and 
to provide ,bread for fucceedin^ genera-' 
tions ! — One argument for this, which 
will not be eaiiiy confuted, is th« 
extenfive Trade and opulence of the 
city of London, where fomc of the 
LARGEST fortunes in t\it wholc 
Sritifls domim'ons are employed in 
Trade, by Gentlemen, who glory in 
the benefits they are thereby enabled 
to bring to their fellow-fubje^ ; who, 
before an em^ titU^ are wife enough 
to prefer real worth ; and who, in the 
cowitry and at court, in their o^n boujfes^ 
and over half the ghAe, are efleenied 
the greateft friends to their country, 
while their own private fortunes are 
daify increa/lngg ly the increafe of the 
nation^ s *wealtb. — Without fuch men* 
how could oipr Trade be carried on ? 
how could our Manufi^krers be al- 
*wivfs emphj^i^ and dhvuaKs fkidfot their 
labour ? Did our Knights think them- 
felves above Trade, Iktw would Lmtdon 
fufiTer by the bellowing of a tide ? If 
a hundred thaufand pounds r^ifed every 
man ahon/e Traffick, ythax fatal decreafi 
would be found in our moft advantage- 
ous branches of Commerce f — But, fo 
far are we here from deTpifmg a Gentle- 
man for applying himf^^lf to Trade^ 
that where a Peer and a Xhrchant hap- 
pen to be in coaches following each 0- 
ther, watch the eyes of all uey pais, 
and whatever /oTM^ may be at the ti^ 
rpJtet on the coach-door of the one, the 
other is viewed with more /fUd regard^ 
more real efieem^ by all Avho happen to 

• L)igit^d|^yvj^7<^^^l know 

4„ Toetical ESSATS in M AY 1739.' 

geCTOiitK»r,'v»l*niti«<*>*«Jn«!>f^*«» " . . •.- 

Tam'tferfcaW, ftjwntffl *e<«»- thewmhtr tiMms.maitfi'M'J t>err^ 
f^Utes fWWc-bten at>UrlO|Mte^ KUanifumpt Ontdtht'inHted 4^, 

Jfio'aefenrcferWtis tttwltaw ftbrtffl fiaEr^imiinwtfirttcb'lhn Un^kfifuH^ 

^ho sut friend, to that Aati«4 ; — «« ji^ Athens' >w wertMifd t» <iew- 

I jliay, tfefhap*. ^«e " thw TtaqMl «|^-V5v/f /fc *«« 4 Ifcens'd jm<£^ Aww 

Slitter bwfttmfty. if tWslettefnJMtt ^juiji-imts fu^'d tbt feme thtyfittr^'di 

fcch»rec<|)doiniw"aefa6Mftaie<«i«'- • <i*w; 

r«iriti»tothei(ra6ireof yawatooyj 'f^ fiteiiiifs vmt mmrt •Omu htardi 
to'wfiJA r>to'*n'*a«lBft"aW thv"* 

ShKirt jHenJ. tiiug^ ^^ti^ U>iAtt^ aUtenci'wMfwu 

'ff^i^, . .• »» ;)M i*r JfcA imBpmMfitm d 

■Mpaj. Ah Ehcliskuah, .^g^^ 

Mr *^V« Awtf wbinjftalm nm a 

A WtUiil Abithact of ail the „^. 

]lSMARK»Bj.E EVEUTS, *E^';. ««- jr^ ,|«,,:4fc^^)fc;/fcg.«<BrilMBa'>#l 

t^uoed ii»4'>»''J*^yi?",'»r^' 'Cimm'd-voitiiir-Uritmdcim'dv'mH 
^ded. ^ lOURNAL y <»« *w.>Wfr.. • - 

i§M^ *«Ar '*» <«!<, y N»- '/rGtlBdi bmitrtnfrm/i[lfyf^mk 
cH»i^s HADDOCK, jFA} ;«*«»• ^ ~jkibiKlhiraMvt^nlblb \m kk ih mn 
fl»r«/y-/4#M..*c.>wSpitliead .jji;a,B,^oriiceMVl, MrEt,»AV%^ 
ItMalKm. btrcAaZjittbtit^ ff^^tntihirimmlim, pmiffiftirU 
.timt t/m^i*s itfok tbi fafi '«!^t^J*f^ ^ im, j 
fi^ae.*f m- ajamt and iotn/^fid ^ ftfainV A^, «*«* wmfifJ, 
'withtm/Qrjrim«rh.^UaIMir» Sbrtmed htf ftOritt kjimu Ui^ mm i md .t 
,mFn*U ^*^.«^y^^''fy'M,kyhimirM&dtdr»fn*^^ 
1^SPR.(^E LOMlSr, ,»/ MiE- ...jtutiiJi thim «JC*w is fcr la*M 

Wepdiifin, Mdccixxix. TtS thu, mf fiiend, *r gi^^i Jfnoft 

,'r\N JIIW9. ftiaadof % 17*8, ' T^^/^'^'^^^J^^f^t^tf 
\J yit «T • Ai i, and on the a6th Jtmkt tht dtcBnii^ mft agatk Ufier, 
^diefoUowii^nUjnth,— anchok'o \A/« Britannia ^^wrw* /««/«*«• 
|n the hubour of A£iM. Pkafdim thbgtiM Ju-GnvtA^^ 

' Tim. Hvti 

iin 9iii,abfGvvrk'rvsi ^dmtmf/JbvH 

♦^^4^.. Jhlw m mtfinagt /kmtSdtfn^Sut 

tUu ice ..g^„^ ^ ^^ ^^ fifig^ 

GEORGE LUMLEY. ****'• x, «, ^«mAdMma\ 

inVVmr of Mao9fs /P(f Digitized by VJWi^^^l^ ■ u J 

I. i738t ^™ 

P^kallES^TS in MAY vf^. 923 

ITifwifcehgM-— V -^I'sPianit. TlicROSE^«DDi^dLAnKiA, 

\TrBewGMJiji^fiar,t*in€^iaMlin€; ftt Fifteen. 

M ^mtAr, them, if SachafHEi'i ebarm ^^TMkubU%mhmhiJ^$wiJhuit^ 

CmUtmftam^^Mmmthfhirmmi. VV fhit finut ntrua jm^kven 

AfMM* JfMf Immmmaits Afirt. Amdfi tbfgbi$'Hfi^p$arhitfmmf^ 

m$, ^vkm-fitpf^htiftuUfthmrmthiJIl^^ Thai tv^fj leaf and J^ray adam^ 

Ai^mmmi im aSfh mi^MfBgl^ Om ^uMffikomlbUffMngrtfi, 

Cm hok uncmmui^d? 9r tan 699 tm fra Ibnn fir^iu fitffU b^ rfimn I 

tHm hn^^sf^tj^mfi^t po^9fiiItp^wmft, Sap cdmrs mmd its heaiities pia^, 

Ifiof, fitti jfudVitMii isnnhmtit%tJli Aw fragram In tbi cml 6/ dof ! 

(9^Kmgs,md^,im^thHfmpmNkdimr,) Kn£S X' ^ISl^/irf/ 

.AGoi^.tUtatUrn^l^isbUtla.. Ki::^^^^.^^ 

EPIGRAM cn^j^fty a V6«SHU. ^£"^^2:^^ 

\jcBuraiui. Jhd imdf' H^Sfidy gdi$ty : 

\t7Va fft^y Smtk hu Jmn^d^HhAtm mofi cmdna mUmf/i J^Mfrmfi^ 

I* tUm^ na^Mlhm/l^m^9rmtiftiMt 

Jkd%ttJt-fiudini4$mtMd m tm rni t ai m tr z Ah! JmfeiNt$imM'tb§ dmmf^ nfi^ 

%am^im km^^mtf wlUimrfaeh Jtks i WbrficiieksabvtUir hh^di/chfii 

This ragwe is tbirt\ mUnmlm4mififoOu. Wbtnjtm^ drwamjarth to cjien 4^, 

, Ofhiitm mdfiBb'^iag Mt Jaf m m tm t t mt- Tmjbifu omHi/tthr yotpig und gof^ 

' ^hir^ fnerfJUrety^tbttwtiergmddarf, 

■tui hmtfi mdjidiKr^'JUdmiftmulmgiiiir $ Ftajhtlh bitn^h tatb M^ mrt : 

A YMdhfae ffbi*^imi4it $ku Bfiex«i^; To /% JUtbyBufmh^Qusfeiffi^t 

nifMHndftgt0if0ifilmd jjsabirt^p M etmfy idrs^ loiib bonmr^ifM^ 

A'iQi <M 4of it»i<feaMit k'ltft. Rriimt$iftihHKb^firM. gtmce: 

I^im/h /mm Ittif or Fmsaot 

ANSWERED ^ bf an Esiix Gcadaiian. Dekmb jom' motvo oUmko. 

fidtdthtn^ f 

h vdiM tbofi roads hi trfdahavi aiiar, | ^'f\'f>s r* 

P^taverHrodM^dbimtoJkalUi€r. J 5 U N !,• 

'Wi cmiUbedo, in that dirifdrtjing eafi, *^-»^0# fVlta th^t Pm mm^ iCW^ 

Bmtahi the tradifeaUiar totbefla%t 1>S ^lll^^^ 

TnrnYoryhhtt^h^andJiiaia^borfiortM, %7 ^ S^/LfrJi S^^ 

fwhJiifi lims, if^tblmnger-fiung, S^idiifim^imU iM.^ 

WiBfiid om carAn, ma' 4 with foijoti d$^. r/kkb; ny Oriia, fiki tbi ^. 

! fhmfairt^^fair fdramroi 
\ • Tmr^ 'fled from London to ToMin to Ba ibaiiOnmn ftrrimtHfi. 
\ faeea lumfelf, but wat bit by a XfSit; aod ^iH M^«9 ifsffifb^^. 

Pifitical ESS JrS SM MAY 1739* 

TlieQrdenorhiaBjEodkiiqr X— 
£&; Gofremor GcoBnl of the 
at Bath. 


jBt chrms, nnhkb wibirs iftmmni, 

Buaa^ioUtimfirkimb hind 

ni btmd/om mud tbt iuuL 

^hnnnkjimU I tmm^mn frmnf 

Wbmbin I bmvi all I enU hve: 

The Lady of Mat: A MA- 


Liaer^s muith is akvajfj May ; 
r Jbmw I (tmlu^h fitf) 
r tbtip nnoKttm tMfgf f flajf % 
tut^ mUu amd ivtO-mStj^t 
Whin Ifai^ jm try am Mjr. 

9# fWfmttt fljf *f^ ^^^ fi^t 
Pmf wm Mw— IT wtvirfmf % 
Nmiurejmbsy and mil is gay^ 
Pmtf vMummi ! ami mwof, 
lauslmibi wmmhrf May. 


liHli wmMv / kt MS rovi 
nroMgrh thifrt^mtm WKfrtk gmje, ' 
7bm f b€mr the tmrtk dtvi 
Cmt^fimsuts #f its kvf. 
tv'fy tmili ifiujs Jove, 
92t* the God fir hemmijPm. 

La MS then MT iimm iatfrtve, 
Smuuij mms yomr Jcmn nmmut ; 
Cmifsdmimtthti hebovi: 
Ire or the wnatB m Jbephird dvmv • 
Littk miamtmi ! kt us fpvt 
^hmigh tbefrmgrmmt mpib grovi. 


Trjthit^ nsfmntOH / cmm mwmft 
Slight mt bvi wth eoU delay | 
E'v^ry field is green mmd gmy^ 
B^ry bawtbern's <mAm*d*witbi/(zy, 
jocund birds on ev^fy Jfray 
IP'mrhle out the livelong day: 

E'o^ry fiwain in/btybirds grmy 
Tunes bis fin^rite ronndelaf $ 
Tender lanAkins fiorti'oe fiay^ 
BhJIom buds their fweets dtJ^Uvf. 
Come^ m^ nvanton ! come aivay^ 
4iidkve all the v^mitb of May. 


SOm$ tmme hm fit tbmfan^ mttd 

To tbtfe mllomr filjiQSf hen merrily meemHm^, 

WeGovemtr'S db find out mer grgntp 

Whereas it at has been filly made is o miump ^ 
SemtpmrefiHsfrefimm «» itfvf vdi/t of A 

And tbinktnnbemtbp come H ficbplmees msiit^ 
Thefnm unlimited liceneo todbas tb^ ^^^fi I 
Whence figment diferders do daify mrifi ; 
Tofrfaemtficbemfe^^sjfatiir iams Sei^ . 
WefnifUfi thefi mles, emtfiier'dmt iH/mrr, 
And txfea due obforvanct ; fin* Aich is Q^ 


Whether fik or in healtbt yoa att(/f bmve s Pl^ 

fiitm \ 
As thefll ofuoMy tmk inord ium to feet. 
Tenure mtyomr mum liberty | chufi 'Wbomymsfdasfi 
The i)oaorwUfind there is eJffibae need, 
\Tbatfnend)nTy?[/ibtfintfnr mUmd 
IkxtfomeSofs or fimt fells fr^^dmkb^n 

can, I 

Tofrevemt edl infiditnfromnssmteror miri | 
Then drink mt thefumy^mr bmtbe nuitbomtfeem^.\ 
When yea MfeU^eem thero mred^firtmt tedki 
At Hayes #, or Lavtbat^ nmneyfor bails i 
As netUnf in this nsmrld is done voitboutbribe, 
I^ake, Siiinot,«r Morgan, oxuajm^Ufitbfcrie^ 
When this fart is ever, then uvt at your emfi % 
Game^ drink, or fornicate, jufi asyenfkafi : 
When your money is ^im, march ef mjetkmi 

Secure, who comes next will be hfi th^ fettk 

hobble. ^ 

The Palsb MoamMe. * 

T He momit^rofi bright, as atrjfUmmis^fndk 
Fk/b^dwith enjoyment, fromberhver^sfiit 
So 'warm, (for nmnter) and Jo like the^ug^ 
I thought to bear tbefooUA cohooSng! 
But fee bmwfion the bkffing turtfd a curfi. 
The iveatber and the nvaysgrew mjurfe emdwerfi 
The chads bokfiUen in the faitUefs Jdes, 
And winds, Uke ieakufy, iuumrmursrifc» 
Sometimes a flatfring minute kenfitt fiuHtp 
But lofted but a nmy Rttle 'while! 
Such is the morning of a married lifi, 
/Mficbtbt dirty journnm^^wfif - 

^ UigTfizSl by vj^7V_^VLV * 


I P^tual ES^TirS in MAY 173$. 

Kft th Mtkr •/ tie Scots Magazirb. 


yott the Mowing cactraAfiom it) which 

I think well dderres to be recommended 

10 aU lovers of verfcy forthe/m&Mt 

LiyTOtwithftandii^ the many oljeai- flremgtb of imaghuuion, the fweilingM^ 

rX^j oas which *^ ^^ ^fV^^^ ^ ^fi tfeach/tHtmci, the brnmony andiu* 

^ncm^mtd f^tmr^fuy rf fintimeni, which 
ihina confpicuoiis through the whole. -« 
I make no apology ibt tbt liberty of tranf- 
mitting it again to the prefs without the 
author s leave ; finqe a Gentleman who 
has written ib much for the improvement 

Lprod^os jower of the Muies7 ud the 
Pdaager of hftening too attentively to their 
hpienuliflg infloence, I can by no means 
jigiee wim fame Gentlemen^ who hare 
JUe/y gone fo far» in c^HemMing the power 
if tfer^, as to queftion, whether it has 

done moft geod oi Ulto mankind ?— The „„^ ^ «.w,«. .^ «^ «»» 

efieft I fed i^ ny own breail on reading and entertainment ofmanidni^"with^ 

I voeB mmtten poem^ moves me to con 
ibde tiie fame miiH be experienced fay Oi> 
mn on the like occaiion: And as no 
Lem cnn b^ in a true fenfe of the wordty 
pidl written, where the fabjeft is not me- 
' as well as entertatning, the pleafure a- 
; fiom-the itadinff of fach pieces, 
be latJOQal in itidf, and of a gene- 
hl good tendency : %t it will be dSoied 
1i^ very lew, but chat the impreffionJeft 
fpon the mind by the moft refined profit 
is mach inferior to that made by the fame 
Ihooghts when embeilidied and inforoed 
j|$p tke euUitietraijlremgeh of elegant verfe. 
«— And ta the friends of the Mmes it miift 
yield much pleafure, to obferve, that, a- 
nong our m d er t i imrdt, thofe who have 
been moildiftiaguifhed by the fmiles of the 
tuneAd Nine, have mofl diftinguiihed 
diemfehres by the happy choice of their 
Ibbfedb: lor .dioiuth there was once a 
time when the iefi Peets xmooig our coun^ 
trymen woe detefted by the virtuous f^ 

taking thoie profits from his writings 
which are frequently the nntkfes of other 
^authors writing at all, will be gUul of 
feeing that contribute to the pubbck im« 
provement, which is too finiihed a piece 
to be produced by any private views. 

Miff, I. 


The NoRTkaaN STAR: 

BOm hi an agei when Virtue *uails her 

Aid hoUCorruptiom turns the hbtfli on Grace l 
Where ^epiile genius wimbp at po^^/s con* 

And Fortune's 'whehny tiJes enguhh the fiuti 
tVbere fenfe by flatfry^ Jhanu by want, is 

Andfem)ik Poets make their art a trade : 
JRife, generous MuJeP out-Joar the venal ^vkwi 
For, praifi is infisk, *wbere ^tis gi*v^n undue* 

idieir difh^ani o^ religion and morality^ ?^' penfion^d Fame can f arum, till foots are 

of modefly, and even of decency itfelf 1 taught 

W preient fcaroe a poetical eflay appean ^oboafitb^imputedwit^theirhriVryioughei 

that vs worth reading, wherein the Imrine Yet^ man^ toman^s refpeit is raij% — notbomi 

-' -^ds njeful as the verfe is entertaining, Anddubiefs^ ^Hg^iffd^ but doubles /com. 

-— I was thrown upon thefe reflexions by 
teadiag a poem intided The No af H E RN 
Star, written by Aaron Hill, Eio; 
lereral years ago, and lately republifhea, 
,with large improvements throughout. It 
toft appeued m'the lifetime of the late 
C^arPETER^GrM/; and, feveral jrears 
after it was publifhed, the author received 
a pceient from the Czarina, his confort 
a»i fuceeflbr, in aifaiowledgment of her 
approbation. — I found fo much pleafure 
in the penifal of it myfelf, thatlcoidd 
I teA widifiaai the temptation of fending 

Jhf narrow hearts ! thai know not wiJdomU 

But. impudAtS^ call tie proud, the great f 
Spread the troad wings if truth, impar" 
Dare a new theme-^nor, new, let Pan^ 

Serious and/ad^ the faults ofcufiem mend: 
tofrienMe/sgeniusFame'sdueJuccour lend,-^ 
If, in finu dujkf corner, tboU Jhab find 
A ragged fortune hide a nohle mind, 
Difper/e the cloud ; and he the labour thine^ 
To teach tbeJhameT/^f^^.t 


426 Po^iicat ESSATS in MAY 1739. 

luitbbold ^^^ 

Vf'inlkfmng ufi of mnfartahn gOdi No-^-nuMkmwmfircidmeftUigk^Jbim 

lf,meanlffnuJ,thi'wretch£Jdainst9'Wiigb FlM^ry nnert Ufi: mud imMifs iU dtfifj^ 

fbtwift'mim^snjoaHis.againftthtm^/ur'd f»f^,ri9a^b)--Ihmf^nis aOdMm 

clay: Ntrtbwmd^ dtparting Mmfi^ 9xtmd A 

mtheeafekfifaHri goad bis JkeMigfiMh .A^— ^ 

^TtUbUpride^Jufrrhti^ gives bis tap em- Tbtn^a NtwSmtinflamstbtkmdrfwigk 

trmC nere, arts smd arm ibf^wm^s /fib isSfSk 

nin,mfiffimBfishwwMgs,vt^ raifi: 

£gHant, tumi ^eri^ datikfs thms /bail bailntf Prifk 

mtbbfiitrfl^me,fQrJkjPringnati9ris,bMrn. • frmfi. 

Onfiann'dfiatejmnjmula fatrisi eyi% fby Bw^ Great Cz a A ? Jbail Jhrttt tbi 

Siripibeirha^dfoetSt'wbemtbey'wriNt9lU. JbtrtemU name. 

If, raiidby Aance, fime tarti^ber ef/wkf. To wmrt tbaa CMSA%'sf$wtr, and all M 

iiund*ring,tbrdfififts, mfiahs tFamviad- fame. \ 

Taagbtibytbyflam, freiga, nftOtnomJ^ 

life-kng fear, Asb^s,/hmMok$, ^attbUtb^tm/frin^ 

itnfa>w\ andpmf, and infamy — tmdear, G^l 

rafs^fajs tbefe Julfb^ry meteors, rfa dm)f ; PeriJIf tbefride, in poor MrmSims Jhendi 

Tbiirbtasutmdtmgerem! aadtmhfttbeir 7batmahsmanbBndtobleffingsnotbis9vtm\ 

<iv«jr/ 'BnXQn and Kvdhji differ bat in nasae: 

Cnflms, not comets, fix tby eagh ieni la natures finfi, all nations art tbtfimit!} 

ffoucb tbe frond bearts ofmonarchs into men : One njoorU, dMded, dsBant brothers fifort, 

Tbence, firws contagion : ^^^ ligbt mnfi -^d man is reafin*sfitkeS^^oi^fy-wberi 

generate ligbt. So — d^s dark Nik/ mjfierioas tomik 

Or mimicb millions catcb tbe royal bRte. ftrat. 

Kings, nubo are Kings, fiade bifire o^er mast' Andoosa voeauh, in annual flood, cmeveji^ 

kind: MemfbidL^s ricb plains imbibe tb^imfr^nali 

Sat, ^Hnhofd Princes mah ivbole natioas /lew, 

band. Jhd fUard Egyptians fge frond barv^ 

'"^o^odSkeCMSAKrurdttngratefhlRomt, grow. 

And /hort'lro* d Virtue fljot a blafted bUm : Tet, wbile on Egypt fartial barveffsfimi 

Sat, wben lewd HkM fiain'd imperial Egyft*s gkulfimengrofinotalltbeirKiSd 

fiwa^f . £gyp^ and all tbe world, the river cbM 

Vice, vdtb a ri^id fiream, /wept fibame Egypt, in infinencei and tbe world, in ftii 

awopf. So, Raffia feels ber Czar*/ intenfifi beat 

Let tbe low 'Mufi, tbatfirikes tbe venal Snt,tbe warmed world bis diftant higbtae^ 

firings, greet. 

7unebertamehre,andfivi}elltbepompef Kings. Ares, Jbfinrefyhfttofigbtedfame, 

VndreaMng, ibon, wbere-e^er tbe eenfiu^ BohPd tbe dim entire tf its buried name I 

falls, OnecitfsboundsnjMdherli^narcb^srigb^ 

Enter proud palaces imperious Walls. And^runk bis tloajandfiaies, to Musco 

^l>efe,-'-good, orevH'-fiixetb^unfisadow^d vites / 

fa£l — Vmneafipr^d reabns bry hid, in naifilefs reigK 

And call truth, truth, however Princes aS. And Russia coveted half tbe world — i 

Suhlimilyfir''d,Ifiatch tbe glorious aim! vain! 

*Twererreat indeed -togive tbe royal, fame! Till ripening time this giant-getdms fint i 

Sut,wlere, OkatUfsSght of reafinU eye! Divinely fiz^d^ to fidt bis crown^s extent 

Wbere^ among PrinciSt mi tboa grtatnefs He breatPd prolific finl! inAirUthe land, 

Jh ^ And caWdfirtborder^ witi din&tvekami 


Poetical^ ES SATS in MAY 1739, 227 

ftw, fa^r\s wA^i ^mrgjj at otue^^ia^j JOwhfyfu^epie ( — tbyunnflf^airficoHirwl 

nmdiy Direffs the body — and infmurs thefiul ! 

ind M ^jhuHim funky beneath its tide : While'OH^arKingstbeir*viewsfipinefyfcan^ 

V^en^flfoiiimng a% the dread dominion refe ; Andlimit ^whatthey wMuld^ bywhatthey can i 

fFhich, iate, m i^>*— andanjO, no danger. Thy nahkr tofw*r, with more than mortal 

t kmm! fway, 

J>id mt,0 Prince! thy iofuerf are sfift Command— and mahs mpt able to obei I 

charms Transporting thought f let me inMge it Jong. 

Mended keener infimtee rfthyarmsi Hence, reabns grow mighty f and their in* 

wmifi^d Europe, ennnms of thy /way, ftuence Hronv ! 

ftfft winA malignant, in thyflream ^Jay! Ah ! why, by cpvilbroib^JboHldfatriots iked, 

fc, •/«/ thy generous tafi, to fleer thy re^n For parts in pow*r, they nor enyoy, nor needf 

Tmxe the two wide extremes — > ^ mean,, LeJsfaSiom fidjeBs happier freedom ftfare ; 

■■ and'vain ; JmfrecMd JUpves — in fuch a Sovereign's 

meachJSeneconfu'rers all, that arts heRow : care. 

If, ha/d back arms, tilljuftice names the foe. Slaves are blind bujflers, who, deceived Iff 

Uke/^ of old, *-vihen,ftem in horrid arms, names, 

Pr needy North pour' d forth her Gotiiic Promote, unknowingly, their ^iler\ aims ; 

/warms \ Who (told, fidition Jets a nation free) 

hnghly, they nuarr'd, on arts they cot^d not Hug tbe ne^v chain — and call it liberty. 

I tafle*, Then — walking galTd, beneath th'^incunH 

Asd, bUndiy, laidthetraSsofJ^aming wafte. bent weight, 

fbis, Hean^n remtwbet'd,and^ with kind Grind a curbed curfe — and hearth' impend 

command, deceit, 

Caltdfir atonement from the barb' reus land. ^ jufi Athenians, by a Thefeus led, 

Bf Prince, eUfdainfiJtf his countrfs crime. Their fcatter' dcountvy' sfirengthrunitingheoA 

Cuibtefs, Jprings forward, — to un-curje the To lafting praife confign'd his cherifl^afame^ 

eBme: And, conjcious of his bounty, hUfid his name i 

ihd, nobly je^, has taught the nations mere. If hardhjoxa^, now, immortal grown^ 

fhanthewnrlers entire ruin'd,-^, befere. Sheds deatblefs ghry round areabnlefs throne i 

I Hawva^iheenginefandtheforcefogreat! If, Romulus! thy mem' n triumphs^ fill 

ffbut eo^^ Jo fwifihf move fiuh pond'rout tor teaching Rome to rob, with fafer fiilh 

njoeight ! For reining refine in from private harms, 

^mnnmsboaftof Ksws ! who, tho'hisreign To mightier mlfchief, in confederate arms : 

9treicV4 entire's endkfs line from main te What praife, prodigious Czar/ Jhalldare 

\ main, to tread, 

deuntsmthisgreatneji by his eountryU length, h aweful circles, near thy facred head *, 

^:fromdependentmillumsJfealshisftrengthi Towhom» not Pne finatt portion fingly kneels^ 

^ut, to himfelf (like Heay'n) kis effluence In thanks. for feparate benefits, ^ip^ls \. 

awes ; BiU, nations, nmSherlefs as Libyan funds, 

\Aid gives — net takes — what pew' r from Shsfre the long bounties of thy reaching 

number flaws! hamsf 

. Bern, fur eternal grovfth-^ and fior'd Thy bands f — to whom, delighted ivith thy 

with fchemes, praife, 
^or ^tifuing time with ever-bUoming . Qodgavenotthrones^oreign^^but,toraife! 

themes, Tbycatchinr btjfre fires the North's wide 

IPonders on wonders gild a gbwing land, foul, 

That,.ahuofi, ow^ddiftinaion to his hand! And thaws the icy it^fluence of the pot f 

^^rm frozen chmes^ where nature, ftif with Thefiaggy Sam(nd, Jbaldng off his/nov;. 

cold. Warms MS cold breafi, with new defire, to 

^^^nfWdno hope iondtimeintears grew old: know; ^ 

^ Wamfd hy the Monarch's worth, we rifing fbi rugged TsiTtai,^ from 'ivhofe /worthy 

faw bands 

brings rfgay virtui-^tptd rife fruits tf Aghm of horror us'dto Jbadetfjy lands, 

Jjov/ LI a QharmA 

J28 Poetical ESSATS in MAY 1739; 

Cbam*ii h *h ^««''ww darmg, cbecit Ins A ImpUfs Jbifberd, faiibfkl f Utjtame; 

Ntw itgs the loft Jicifim rf jmt thinm 

]Kam of young karmng^ aahue ax tie imwd^ 9i £f Qmath^fiei, w &m witlnMjmm 

JtaMantyftame Mt, md light jf bajf^mam^ arm. 

kind: Amthtqr 
^timfuperftitMs mify tkmdj di^ffd, 

^Ul^cbitftbmu,tMI^,darKag0s, ToaywngGciitfcmtiiafterttiintttvic* 

jUd^Jl"^ a gUH^ring terror, all. ^^^^^Mifbtfi. BytkeJ^U^ 

O'er nahs, 'where /carce(bfKal6»s^fuaH0 ^"^^Hrice haHy PsuPQp! imu amfiaem ai 

badfaft! JL «»* 

07Cupid*i dartf or AwAhtLLA^sfewTri 

• Bdinhtrgb, May I. ^ kwfy wgiu feels an equalfUtme^ 

rM^ ^ r A_^ uani Or it is aO encbammeMt, all a dream, 

:/ Fit CoMPAWioii. J«w Anaaeon. j fi^thenpnfbine^^r,^i>^^h 

WHO o'er bis im$ffer fieaks ef Ueed J medmt tell tbem^fiiceym kmwje wtBt 

andfiriff^ Ifepwhnxfparkkinjonrnum^riMgofu^ 

Cnfjf fementt the galling cares ef Ufk : 4^ demcin^ tramfiorts t^ify fitrfrife. 

Givemefhe man, who ivill ear mirth Hm- IJaw berglamce and fimb, yea hbfb mad 

frene, kifii 

Who fifgs^ langbs, dances, and tefft tain *Twas death te he a tvitnejs efyearUfi. 

ef hve, ' Good Dainon, /zy, tutf Ues theharp eae* 

Sylvio to Maya, 
yAtr kvefy Maidy acctft my bumble lays. 

Can fuch endearing fweetnefs fafi amfiaeg f 
V^Air kvefy Maid, acctft my bumble krfs, Zacbfnuks, Jkcb *werds',ficb iiffes m^bi em* 
Jn ^he tribute *wbicba'caftivebcfom fays. J^ire 

jTen bytby charms, hng tifeendurU Lovers ^Waller*/ fiftnefs, and a DftTDnV 

/mart, fre. 

'^ndfed tie crtftl tarfrer in my heart. ^Tivas thus, of late, divine Cl arimpa 

7%» *was the objeS of my infant cares ; charmed ; 

Fromyofi ivere all my tendtr bcfes and fears. Such Jbwing fweets my faata^ t^m 
^Hfefi lowly eyes didfrft nfy breaft injfhre, nuamid : 

Which new fit all the Northern clime onfirt. Sncb tver^the Ms mymeking heart o^era 

Love*s infant graces fbew'dagbwingdawm, Andjuft like Daxnon^j luas hmytitat'sjlaam. 

Whkhf^eadfuUbtfire ere the daybegan. Withfaffionfr'd, the infant Muje eJMd 

Jmer fiuks astdgfances then were CnpidV To faint the fair, the kind, the kmeiy maid: 

* darts, h J^ite ef inssate dubiefs, smsmbers chime^ . 

A^i fronds* d torture to a thoafand hearts. Jfyoki in rattures, and I figh^d in rheske. 
nen njooald I watch the motions rf your eye. Ah eou^d MyrtUla kindle sf a lay, 

Smile when you JmiV d, and with youjigh- When in thefeady coffefix run awoeey f 

fug, J^h. Cou'd all that's ugly claim the Poet's fm^, 

iThaU^er I Soke or thought was atttfyou. Deaf dnaUtbafs cbarmi»g,f air andyemngl 

O fatal fremde to my future we / Ceafe to adorn em undeferving nasne i 

Tet this could nier that flinty bofim move. Nature ne'er formed her for the Foots theme. 

^00 cruelMaid, to frown on Jo much love. Let aU thofe charms Jam bsmgry beau be^ 
The vital flame, which was fiflm be- witch, 

gun. Who fays fl)e's fair ^beeas^berfaiber^s rich* 

^ifwj^adsan4blaases,Ukethenttd'dayfimi ToAnnabella tune your tender lays : 

fly time inereaft, with warmer vigour glows. Who wou^d not, cos^d mt AnvABELLA 
\M 'wi^h my years andymr enchantments fraife I 

grows, BkftNymOffJertbeetbeMi^sfrefeatsbnng, 

Atlength,dearCharmer^itySylf\o^sfaiei Adteaclf a tboufadv^rim tongues to hs^ 
' ' ^wa^nterd^'dthe/eatofbate: ' WhUf 


mik nuni eon miVi, wUk hemiif bos hmmnJitf : And as ym, mufl li fenfihk 

m ebamh rf ^ mfortmut rf a pirfiS agnemtni 

Jad ^tmak gracii yMihfid fiefbndt mud umm 4mmg ynrfihes, to the fie* 

warm; f(fi rf 3^ imacUs andnfibaioaSf we 

fmit'wffnif, §t Jkiles, or gkaas com art hfy firfoadtd yoar debates wiH ie 

hvite, amiided imtb tbe^ frttdence, vnfikm 

Jbd rirM^d hojms beat with find de' and moderatimi as are iecmng fi wae-» 

figbt i raMe an jfftmbfy, and wbicb mn/i above 

WbUe hvtrs fains are in fiftjigbsex- alitbinrs conduce to tbe attaining tbe good 

preft, and deJtroNi ends fir wbicb yon are con-^ 

Tbjfstame, tby meritf and tby fitme JbaU ntened^ wberein yon nutf be affnred of 

lafi. oar concurrence and fafjfort. 

AMYNtOR. We bow made choice of oar IRigbi 

Vrufy and entirely Behved Coufit John 

* Ear/ of Htwdford to refrefint our 

Ssyal Perfin in this 4llhnb$» 'wbofi a- 
htities and zialfor ourjeruice, andaf- 

£oiNBVRGH> May 1739. 

THE loth of dm month the feaionate concern for tbefroj^ity^ibi 
General AflemUy of this na- Xlhwrcb of Scotland^ nvill^ nue datJbt not, 
tional Church met. The Rt.* make bim very acceptable toyou^ and en- 
Mem, the Earl of Hyndfbrd reprefented gc^eyou to give bim your beft t^ffiftance in 
has Majefljr, and was all along attended bringing tbis year meeting to a l^My.con- 
by the Nobility and other perfons of cbijm. Andjowebidyonbeartthfart* 
diftinAion in the place. The Rev. weL Given at oar court at St, J asnesU 
lAr. James Bannatine» one of the Mi- tbe z^tbda^ of April ly^g.intbetvjeJfti 
niftersofthisdty^waselededModera- year ^ our reign. 
tor. His Grace pxefented his Majefty's By bis Majefiv's command, 
noftgiadoos letter, which was rpfpedt- . Holies Nbwcastli. 
faUy ready and is as follows : 




RJ^bt Riverendand WeBeloved, We 
greet yon vhII. ne masrjf inftances 
Vibicb yon bave given in your former 
.AffembUtSf rf your hyaky and qffe&ion 
$0 oarperjon and government, as vxtt as 
^ ymr mal for the advancement of true 
rtligion and pkty, bave engaged us moft 
vnbingh to countenance your pre font met- 
ing witi oar royal autbmty and a/proba- 
tion, and to rengvf to you, upon this oc 
eoAn, the affurances if our conflant re- 
Jolution tofifport and maintain the Cbureb 
' ^ Scetland, eftablifbedby law, in the full 
^nfeyment of aU its jufi rights andprivi^ 


jis we make no doubt but you come to^ 
getber at this time with the fame good dif 
pofiions and intentions, you may depend 
t^ ourproteBion andajpftance in vobat- 
tver may promote the projperitj of the 
Church rf nvhich you are members, and 
fend to the preventing the growth of 
f f«7, omd t9 tbf ftfprej^ng vice and 

To which the AiGanbly made the 
following anfwer. 

YOur gracious Letter to this AffimUy 
was received with all the honour 
and re^a that becomes leyal fubjeSs 
greatly fenfibk of the haptinefs they en- 
joy under year good and wife government, 
The notice yoar Majefy is pkafed to 
take of the halty and good aJfeStifiu rf 
9Hr former AffmbUes to your perfin and 
g overnm e nt , and their xealfor the ad- 
vancement of true religion and piety, 
gives us the highefi fatisfaSion, and 
cannot but animate us toperfeverein our 
inviolable hyalty to your Majefy, and 
our 'nufi ftrenuous endean^urs to promote 
the great interefts you fi warmly recom- 
mend to our care; to which we fire tnr 
couraged hy the countenance your Majejif 
is pleafed to give to our prefent meeting 
•with your royal authority und ttppnha* 
tion, and the affurances of your conflant 
refibstion to £^mf.y^.&p''^^^^ 


fUmnbrfSc^iand, eJtMbS/hed by hew, rf havhg the blejfings ef your, 
im the full €HJ9ymint of ail its juf rights 

WefimU be uvworthy of the conf- 

reign f and every thif^ dear tons as 
andFrotefiants, tra^^tted to p^erity^ 
not God may eminent fy blef$yonr Mch 

ience your Majifty w fltafid to expirfs of jefty nvith allj^iritual bkjjings in CJbtifi 

" -.t^f- Jgjns^ andmgfreferyeyoHtomaheoum 

bapfy feopie, and iobe ol defence t» m/i 

the reformed Churches; that be may «- 

•w cominr together at this time nvith the 
fame good di^Jiitons and intention s^ ivere 
we mt famfy rejol'ved to nfe our utmxfi 

vsdeenrours for l^oimting the projferity of bMndautlj^ Uefs the Princi asutPrimcf^ 
this Churchy for pre^ntjng the growth ofWaks^ and aU the brmchu of 

rfPepery^ and fop fufprej^mg vice and K^aifamifyi andaf^eralmgomdhi^ff 
' foraltty, ejpecialfy ivhen ive are Js reign on tarth, that ym nupf mberit — 

Maf it pleafeyour Majefig, 

lour Majefi/s we^faitifnl^ m^ 

obedient ^audmeft loyal JubftSt^ 

7he Minifters and Elders met in 

the National AffenJbfy tf tbt 

CImrch of Scotland, 

Signed in our name, in omrfrefenee^ 

and at our afpoiniment, by 
James Bannatine lyfodmtor* 

A motion beiiu; made, to x^ tbt 
minutes of the laft commiffioDy and to 
take the b'bel [March Mag. p. 13;. J 
againft the Seceders into confideratioii, 
a great many imagined it highly inex^ 
pedient at this j unsure to inSft on thai 
charge 1 while others were as Ibrwaid 
in ptffuading the AiTembly, that th^ 
were now reduced to a necc^ty of ex- 
erting their authority, and of doing 
what was proper to prderve them from 
^ univerfal contempt, which, (hey 
faidy would be the confequenc^. 

That our readers may have a fum- 
mary view of this affair, we ihall give 
a (hort abftradt of the reaibfungs on 
both iidesy in a committee of the whol; 
houfe, which met twice on the af&ir. 

The Gentlemen who thought for- 
bearance necciTanr, opoied the deoate • 
with feveral obfervations on the fre- 
quent mifchiefs which violent meafures 
nad occaiioned. An inflexibility of 
temper is the .charad^er which becomes ' 
no court. The Seceders, in (bme mea^ 
fure may be iaid to be ufeful ; they e^ 
difv many pious ChriHiami exprcfs a 
fmcere regard for Prefby terian Church- 
government; ai)d as^ men of a good 

^ Uigitizeclby Vj^/i^^viv. ^g^ 

/rongly encouraged by your royal affu- immortal crown of ghry hs heaven^ ^mr 
ranees to defend upon your froteaion and the fervent prayers of 
ajfiftance in whatever may tend to theje *^ '' "'-'"' 

valuable ends. 

As we are fenjihie of the infortaneo 
of a terfe3 agreement and union among 
ourf elves, we are refohed, that through 
the good hand of our God upon us, our 
debiUes fi>all be conduBed with the pru- 
dence, wifdom, and mederaiiou becoming 
fuch an Ajfemlly, and neceffary to the at- the good avd defirabk ends of our 
meeting: audit is the vreatefi faiirfa&ion 
to us, to be ajfured rf pur rayafconcurr 
tenet and fi^port, • 

The choice your Maje/fy has been pleafed 
to make of the Earl of Hyndford to 
refreffnt your Royal Perjon in this Affent- 
hly, is highly acceptable to sis, Hts abi^ 
lities ana zeal for your Majefy^s /rr- 
vice, and his affedionate concern for our 
profperity, and the great and good fervi- 
ces done this Church by his pious ance* 
fiors, cannot but estdear yoscr ^fajeftfs 
choice of him to us, and Im us under tie 
bigbeft obligations to give him all the af 
Jifiance in our potver in bringing this our 
meefing to a kapfy conchfkm. 

Your Majefiys donation, this year, for 
the reformation of the Highlands and 
J/lands, we accept with all thankfulnefs, 
as a nenv injlance of your Majefiy^s pious 
intention to propagate the knowledge of 
Jefus Chrifi in tbofe parts. It Jhall be 
our great care fo to di/pofe of this chari- 
table fund, as Jhall befi anfwer the pur^ 
pofcs for which it is defigned. 

We beg leai-e to take this firft Mortst- 
uity, humhh to congratulate your iflajefty 
upon the laU increafe of your Royal fami- 
ly* by vihich the divine providence has 
given thefe nations an additional fecwity 

JXOMEsriCK HisrORf. 

9xA moral conduft. ^is trae, they 
are unhappv in diftring from the judi- 
catures cftaolifli'd by law, yet charity 
; \9V1 tadu OS to impute that to an er« 
roneoos confiience, whkh can never be 
a groiind of fevere cenfure againft men 
in other refpe^s gcK>d and mfil mem- 
bers t>f fociety. Severity can produce 
no good confeqoences ; perfecution ne- 
ver yet dindmihed a fedl ; it increafes 
Ac flame, and gives the jparnr an op^ 
{lorcanity to triumph. Befides» ii it 
not plain the fchifin vi decreaiing ? The 
Seceders puriae fuch methods as muft 
i loon reduce them touniverfal contempt. 
' Ca2i the Church have ought to fear ? 
Is ihe to be fhaktn or overturned by a 
fet of men who ha:ve neither power nor 
i ntexefl to do her any coniiderable pre- 
judice ? Every fociety fhould piopofe 
iome good end in ^irpuUick acti- 
ons; but if any imaging that could 
be obtained by feventy, it was a fetal 
miftake : It would only inflame the 
minds of the multitude, and temptthem 
to fly cot mto yet mater extravagan- 
cies. The Aflembly ought to imitate 
thelenity of the State, which, far from 
punifiiing its avow'd-cahimniatorsy dai- 
ly permitted the moft fcandalous pan»- 
Wets and libels to go without notice. 
It is hard to tell wlut turn the afiairs 
of the nation may take s and, ihouJd 
it happen that we come to be involved 


in a foreign war, is it a time to create 
enemies at home ? This would be an 
nnkind return to a good and mild go- 
vernment, which ahvays fevoured us 
fomuch, &r. 

On the other iidc it was faid: It 
Gtn*t be refufed, that when both divme 
and human laws veil a power in any 
fociety, it is obliged to exert it when 
the ftionj^ ncceffity requires ; which 
is undeniably the prefent cafe: for the 
latter now refts upon the principle 
of fclf-defcnce. The Church is mang- 
led and rent bv a perfidious fet who 
had fwom to aefend her : Why then 
^mcn call juftice, feverity, or fo ne- 
tcflary a ftep, % hardfhip. If men al- 
low fuch an aflbdatiQin of ideas, reafon, 
joflioe, and aH older, will ibon evanifh. 
i*X not therdbre juftioe be branded 

with the vile name of perfecution, of 
a£ting anreeable to received laws, and 
all the known forms of difcipline, be 
thought a hardlhip. What has been 
gined by a feven years forbearance } 
Have not thefe unhappy men been en- 
cowraged to continue the fchifm ? Have 
not gentle meafures been ufed ? and with 
w^atfuccdsweallcan tell. Slackncfs. 
in punifliing offenders like them had 
eflFefted the ruin of the Church in the 
days of Cromwd, when inconfiderable 
fefts, through a negleft at firfl, be*- 
came powerful enough to overturn the 
whole eilabiiihment. But the praaicfe 
of the Church fhews her mind : In the 
cafe of Macmillan^ Hepburn and Tai- 
Iw, who were full as popular as the 
-prefent Seceders, an Aflcmbly, without 
fear of the numbers which followed 
them, proceeded to a fcntencc ; which 
had fuch happy cfledb, that at this day 
we fcapce fee the remains of that fchifhk 
One of them bitterhr lamented his con- 
dud, and died full or a iinoere repen tance 
for being the inftrament of divifion. 
Why (hould the Seceders charafters be 
thus magnified? Wherein did their 
goodncfs and morality confift? If, to 
delude a mob, to infpire them with 
pride, envy, hatred, and all the fbut 
and ill-natnr*d paflions, was moral or 
good, then they had a pretence to if« 
Nor could men who afFeoed powers iri- 
confiflent with the very being of Pref- 
bytery, be well iaid to have a fmceit 
regard to Prefbyterian principles. 

After thcfe debates, a narrow majo- 
rity carried the qucftion, of filling the 
Seceders at their bar, and proceeding 
upon the libel : On which they were 
called, and the whole of them a^)eared. 

The Moderator, in the Affembly*s 
name, exhorted themtoconfiderof thei'r 
diforderiy courfes, and fubmit to that 
Church to which they had vowed obe- 
dience. He told them. That though 
they were come there to anfwer a libel, 
the Aflcmbly was now ready, upon 
their fubmifiion, to receive them with 
open arms ; and befeech'd them to be 
no longer deaf to the calls of Reafon and 
Scripture. But Mr. Mair, Moderator 

Digitized by VJV_/V_7 VI'' -pf 


6E the Affockie Pteflijrterjr, piefiaitoi 
a paper, which, after hearing the libels, 
he lead before the AlTembly, indded, 
Mt rf the AffbciM PmJIyiery^ /mdh^ 
mad declarit^^ Iha the fFeJht jmUcen 

/ulnar right amftitute cenrts rf Cbrifii 
etnd decbmiw all aMthoritjf, fewer emd 
j^ifMam that the faidjudiceOurei Mjr 
claim to themjehes ever thefaidPreJ^ 
Hryy er eanef the mwAen thereof^ er 
9Vtraai} that are mder their injfeaieni 
emd particularly dectning the authority 
efa General 4ffemify mno met ai Edia* 
haghtheiothdafrfMeyi^y). In 
the preamble, afer enumerating the 
good ufes of pronrinctal and national 
Svnods» as well as dafical Pre%te- 
ties, when duly oonftitate, ^ey a&rm» 
l^t there have been provincial and 
national Synods, £> oomipt in their 
conftitation, and fi> irregolar in their 
procedure, that the keys.of govern- 
ment and difdpline have been pervert'- 
ed contrary to their oridnal defiga; 
inibmuch that error has oeen counfe- 

. nanced andencoura^jed, alaxandcor- 
Ynpt miniftxy have teen fupported, and 
luch as endeavoured to be laithfid have 
been bom down and cenfured -.-—And 
Ij^ierefore, in a oonfiflency with the 
principles of the refbnned and cove- 
Bantea Church of Scotland, with their 
duty to Chrift, the (bok committed to 
their chaige, and the Lord^s herit;^ 
through t£ land; and, in a oonfiAency 
with the ei^^ments thev came ieve- 
rally under when ordained to the mi- 
niftiy, thi7 teltify and declare. That 
the prefent judicatures of this national 
Church are not lawful nor riffhtom- 
fiitute courts of Chrift; and confe- 
quendy, that they cai\ix>t warrantably 
. oaim to themfelves any power or au-* 
thority over the members of this Pres- 
bytery, or their adhoents, 

Thb ad is divided into three heaids. 
Tlytfafl aiTerts, That fnch Miniilen as 
are impofed by mere church-authority, 
by prefentations, or otherwiie, upon 
diiTenting and redaimipg congregati- 
ons, have no wanant from Chnft, and 
codeqoently, have no r^t . to fit. in 
l^courts; and that the Chfiflian peo^ 


—That thde conrti axe conftinne ^ 
many fuch m&iben as not only : 
pofe MiniAert vpon. diffimting ' 

gregationB, but even where the ! 

^tnry of the boonds have likewtieliil^ 
fented;— of fiichas are noton^fileac 
m the poblick canie ot God, bat di£- 
femUen of poblick fini; — of fuch mm 
fcatter and drive awav die dock at 
Chrift, luling them with fiiroe and cnt* 
dty, anilmo depart fiaom the tradi* 
tions of the ^pofilesi yet arenot a- 
fliained, hot juftify theie podioesi— » 
of fuch as have been aftivein making 
the ad of Aifemb^ .173a annt tb»- 
dedion of Minifters to vacant ooii|ppe»^ 
gatioos» the ads of AflemUy 175a &- 
munft the piotefting MiniftcWj aad the 
Minifters of the mbyteiy of Don* 
icrmlinei— ^andof fixat as not ooly 
refttie to paree 00^ but qatiniie ta 
fimport intra£n. 

In the^Mu/ head they aflert. That 
the piefait judicatures of this nationat 
Chui«k are tolerating the cnoneoiu^ 
and fupportii^ and countenancing o.^ 
lori as appears by their oonduft a 
the cafes ot Me£ Simfixn, Camphrfl< 

In the third head they afiert. That 
the prefent rudicatures of this Churdi 
have (iiborcunate themfetves unto the 
civil powers in their ecdeiiaftical meefr- 
ii^ fbn^ons, andadminiflxationsir' 
that the crown-rights of the Hfdremrir 
have never beenaflerted, in opDofitia^ 
to the finful encroachments made npoa 
his fpiritual kingdom by parliamentaxy 
ads, unlawful oiuthv bonds,, and teSL 
durmg the late times of tyranny and 
perfecudon j— that, as a juft punifh- 
ment cf this their fin, the a&aneat 
Capt. Perteons, appointed to be read 
fimn the puLpits the £ift Sunday of 
every monm tor a year, is becomueafed 
(bare to Minifters and Judicatnaes • r-- 
and thoiu^h all the jumcatures of thh 
Church, fopreme and fubordinate^ have 
met finoe the paffing and readiqgof the 
£ud ad, yet the readers of it are not 

Upon the vthok, thejr potdbt 

Digitized by VJV^^X I' .' *e^ 


fait ^tjjfcy; fenyencc ftdtfld lie paft fendert i— tnd bidaJn pw>fliyf»rl»^ ?iyj > 

By He ASemhW, tbdrvtAonlTdation 
AKxdd tmdk tair PM of th^ Byd 

Ailodii tftlwycatmotqiikkiyiedain 
im Minifien as ntey faeta^ter fecede^ 
to pitMeed agaiiA tbem^ b^ way of 

ihtfilM Aki8^ itf tbeir te^regntionsi' bliS^todieibitenceofdepcStioiijaiMl 
A«iMtefelda^ifttHiiki^&r.---And m apply to tiie Cbminifion for adrice^ 
b eleettefe hi tbd botvdis of Ckriil, astfi^ihaB fte caafe/' 
dlKi^ ivrtjeudy woithy ind ddar bre- 

thten and Skfers, y«> repaid our to*- ^ ^. „^ ^.^ ^ 

raMfrtod tdKftktty TOf tk CiiQrtli 'of feno nrmer applicafioiis of other Sy^ 
ScoOatiy to come dot from tlie^dbki! nods, the General Ailbablydid tate 

UpoB a rmofeBtation of AeSynod 
of Aimi atid Meatnsi of the tenor of 

jOficstimSy iknd Jfum ail tomulerial 
comiuanioii wisb hef) at tiwy woidd 
M tx> bo partaken of their imsr-^-'tD 
saKe me or toe Keys or gpwtiuuKtit 
mi ^SttipOtCi and pot to their hand 
tar fife iip tfe iMtsfd of a judidal te- 
iHiMHiy lor tne ponr<iowR traciis or 
Qbd^' mt odr rtbhiiatibBjpriticifto, 
ttid porpsg uie faonie of God, after 
the txattne w oitr worBiy prcNtetiiton. 
After Jong reafopitey the AfftnUy 
Andlsdoit 2iiB qOdnOiiy Pr^end i9a 
fiml fentene^^orlmf ihd it tarried Ab^ 
iiyfti^leWToiciCT. Tlioaladethe 
ooafif ^^pM tSo an o^ertiM, whic^ they 
prabd ntt6 an pft$ by whoHi' th^ 
lod ine Bin proven a^ihft-th^nt, and 
'^Mo Mt» btcLAnt, That t&e raid 
QCKMtri^ Kit tioe oflentev io ibitlid re^ 
levant and piDven, doj uftly n&9it the 
^A(|f <Mnr/of tfadOmrch, andpar- 
floifitny nEat or SepojStkn ; -^bot ftr- 
\mflimb:tAtydamtheryear, in Older 
to nve Aenf 9 ftirtter'tune to return 

off a ftniteRdf of deoefition pafs^d by 
tile OBfluniffiori, ladiMarc^ lyad, a^ 
gai^ Mr. Job^Ciaiti the» MUftcr 
at Tcfdine. for Independent priadptev 
and did ptMra him tei die chain6ter and 
areidfe of a Mhnfter of the Qo^el of 
Chrift t but dedaringi notwithilandhig^ 
Aat he 2inot 16 beeHaesiMl at a Mim^ 
fler of the eflaliyflied Chiuch of Scot-« 
famd, or capdUfl to be calkd and fetded 
therein, antil' his fhall tenonace ihi 
pnncipltt eskfataced and avoived hf 
him, thlt^ ate kiixnMmt fviHi tho 
oonftittxtioii^df this Chnicfa. 

As a Gentleman at HaiVkk, tfbn 
has a tannage there, was removing hit 
tan'M^, in which he had nine kpoor'* 
ers emplored, thinking the men wei# 
dtowded in workings oideMd &t 6i 
diem out of the hode t6 work hard 
by r diQr hid fiarce retired, whenbv 
ondermining the wall, the ^hole hoom 
<Uune down upon the three kboiirers i 
andtlidug^thetown^peopfeoanie b^ 

toSeirdtty, and to render ihtmJHd fbuidy to their relief, on* «f them waa 

mnittxiM/iaUtXitkeffboMperJ^bk killed dcnd, another fbtruihed that ho 

dies' on warrantable feparadon; — ztA eanabt reooifer, ichA the tkhd much 

Um Aneniuiy do t^'fttim titwufnttm it 

tothene^ Genera! .Aifembly to in- 

fia Ofi ctmjkn tf Af^Am, withont 

AfAer dday, iMn SA of the find 

flp.ft.adtfi a> jhwr no^ betwixt and that 

tim^ .cither in prcience of theOom* 

tniWot^ oe of tlie elwdng General Af- 

fanb^, jyto^ the fa if j^et ended »& 

and an&iitxsft, and*rttttm to theit 

doty and fiibmiffion to this Chnrch^--** 

and theOcMal AffaniUy tefoire, that 
their OonmtifBon do tite Mr. James 
ThomfiMi Minifl^ at Bnmtifland dg 
luvo, to adwer to dr next Affembfy 
lor the matteiB contained in the find 
ftti gJTcn in by him and the cthci de* 



N6fM diufe was triad in dit 
cooit of King's Benchi whenda 
' lif and the PMbattnt weii 
and Richatfd Wl^itthead, Aii|i 
at law toCoL Richaid Norton di«> 
eeaft, (who had left an efia«fc of abovo 
L 6oo6jef amikm, and L. yo,Mo in 
money, &r. to Ihe Parfiament) defen^ 
dant ttwastfiedon«Wii»iiriite^firfl, 
Whedier the will of the (aid Richard 
Norton, Eiqi was diily €3ltcd«ed f 9od, 



the {aid will was made? Afteraliear- 
iog, which lafted till four o'clock on 
Sonday morning, the jarv> being a fpe- 
cialone of Gentlemen or the county of 
Hants» bn>uf;h)t m for the defendant, 
being of opimon Mr. Norton was a luna- 
tick at the time of makine his will. 

The OommoDS have oroer^d I. $000 
to be paid to Sok»mon Merrit for the 
ihip 8anta IfabeUa, taken by the Spa- 
niurdsin 1718. 

The Lords, in the cade betwixt 
Geddes and the crediton of Rofeberry, 
affirmed the decree in &vour of the 

The Lofd Santry was lately tried at 
IXiUin for the murder of Langhlin 
Mujphy, one of his domefticks. The 
wh(»e trial was carried (m with agreat 
deal of ftate. The Peers nnanimoufly 
found him gmhyi and he received fen- be execnted on the a^d June. 
Since that time great intereft has been 
made at court in his behalf; atui a re- 
prieve is granted till the i8th day of 
Aiuruft' next. 

The 31ft inftant ended the General 
Court Martial at Whitehall, on Lieut. 
CoL Cochran, and Capt. Mackay, both 
of General Oglethoipe's rtgiment in 
Georgia. And 

Goieral Oglethorpe^ we hear, is 
wrdiTid hemi. 

According to a lift taken in the years 
173^ and i733» there were in Ireland 
at that time 105,494 Proteibnt fami- 
lies, and 281,423 Popifh families. 
. Advices, horn Jamaica give account 
of a fmart engagement that lately hap- 
pen'd between the Nemes and a party 
of foldiers commanded by Ckpt. Gut- 
UaM^ and Ueut. Sadler, in w^ch fe- 
Venuwere killed and wounded; but 
the Englifti overpower^ them at laft, 
and having purTued them to their town 
fituated in the mountains, (bon brought 
them to capitulate. They ofiered to 
dear, the woods of- deferted jjcgroes, 
if they themfelves might have the li- 
berty of that town, and planting about 

. An ^(tTaordinary inilance of conju- 
gal afie^llon lately happened In Lon- 
flOD. A boat on ^heXAames, in which 

K HisroRr. 

were fix naflengen, being ovedoaddb 
with gpoos, fonlc down ; when a man 
fuddraly took his wife, and achild a- 
bout three yean oiki, laidthcm oofs his 
bellv, andfwim'donhisbacktofhoie, 

A duel was ktdy fboght at Sligo 
in Ireland, between Quarter -Maffcer 
Graham, and Quarter-Mafler Doiq^as 
in which the latter was killed. 

,On the 23d infl. happened at Bram- 
treeinEffisx, the ereateft Aorm of laia 
and hail, attended with a h^ wind, 
thunder and lightnmg, that has been 
known in the memory of man. It hAs 
done a great deal of damage to rhffhopey 
beans, peafe, and fruit, which are cot 
offasif cutbyaknife. Thewaterrofe 
fo high in the town, which ftauds opon 
an acclivity, that a boat mig^ fwim 
in the mkUle of the town. 

The 19th inft. There was die moft 
furpriiii^ fktxna of thunder, lightning,' 
nlin, and hail, at Bath, diat can be 
remembered in this age. 

The 24th infl. the new-born foQ of 
Count Stanbureh,' ChieSf Minifier for 
the a£urs of mnover, was baptized by 
the name of Gm^#.- Augoftos Schuta^ 
Efq; Privy-puHe to his Maje^, Hood. 
Godfather, as Proj^ &r the King. 

Maeitimb Affairs. 

Capt. Otter, bound fram Hull to 
Rig^ was loft 00 the coafl of Norway. 

The Succefs, C^. Main, boimd 
from Bonrdeaux to Dublin, is loft near 
Wexford, andfixof thepaflbngersaiid 
failors were drowned. 

The Providence, Spencer, bound fix 
Holland from Cape de Vetd Blands ^vas 

< The Tri^l^Gipt.Oolin, bound fiom 
Jamaica' to Bofton^ was loft near Jw- 

The K! George Capt. EellQr, boand 
horn Liibon to the Weftem Iflandst^ 
was latjely loft near one of the faid 

The Eaft-India company*s fiiip, the 
Angleiia, Capt. Studl^lm, bound foy 
Bombay, was beat to pieces <tt the coaft 
of Malabar, but the captain and cmv 
were all fared, and the eompan/s iiI-> 

Digitized by VJ VJ<^^ V l\^ ; VCji^ 


Wr, wKich waCs afterwards taken from 
them hy the Indians ; and 'tis feared 
they at laft fell into the hands of An- 
uria the pyrate. 

TTie Rk) de Janeiro fleet is arrived 
at lifbon with 19,000,000 cruiadoes^ 
beiidtt diamonds, and other efieds. 
' A' Ruffian frigate is arrivjcd in the 
liver Thames, having on board* feveral 
tales of rich china, tapeilryjiangines, 
X^c. a pre&nt froyn the Czarina to hb 

A Spaniih frigate lately took feveral 
Moon iiom a ^mel beloneins to Gi- 
braltar; but Admiral HaddocK having 
vrit to the Spaniih Admiral at Car- 
du^ena, and fent Lord Aoguftus Fitz- 
itsy to demand fatisfa^on, the Moors, 
wit$aii their eflbOs, were immediately 
delivered up. 

The cfew of the^p from Norway, 
Vj^'p' 1B7.] came to Fraxeribor^. 
The people diere received them witk 
the {rreateft kindnefs, and, befides the 
dianty of privi^te terfens, tiny h^ui a 
very ffenerons pubuck coUedion in the 

Pkbfermbnts Civil. 

^TT^HE fcurl of Morton, — ooe of 
jI. the iixteen Peers for Scotland. 
I TTie Earl of Hyndfbrd, — Lord lieu- 
I ' tenant of the fliire of L^nerk. 

John Watfon, Efq; — one of the Com- 
mjffioners of the Excife in Scotland. 

"Simon Pittrick, — Solichor of his Ma- 

jcflhr*s Cttfloms in Scotland. 
-The Earl of Effex, — his Majefty 's En- 
voy Extraordinary and Plemjpoten- 
tkry to the King of the Two Sicilies. 

The Earl of Halifax, — Warden and 
Chief Ranger of Salcey foreft, and 
Chief Ranger of Bu(hy prk. 

litwd Walpolc,— Auditor .of the Ex- 

Edward Walpc*,— Qerk df the Pells 
in theExdieqtter. 

Mr. Colibi^ — Profe^br of the Mathe- 

* maticks in Cambridge. 

2>r. Peters, — Phyfidan General to the 

Jameiliffll, of Mittfiekl,-«CeIkaor 

^ - of the ccis for PerUiflurc. 


Naval. ' 

Mr. Philipfon, — one of the Commif- 

fioners of the navy. ' 


George Bodcns,— Captain m the Cold- 

ftreara icgiraeat ot fbot-^uaids. 


William Molcfworth, Efq; — to Mra. 
Dahymple, widow of Capt. Dair 
rpiple, and niece of the Earl of 

Mr. John Walcct, — to Mifi Anne 

Mr. Groves, — to Mifi Adams, daugh- 
ter to Mr. Adams, one of the dire- 
^rs of the Eaft-India company. 

The Lady of Col. Murray, brother to 

the Earl of Dunmore, — of a Ton, at 

his houfe in Cavendifh fquare. 
The I^dy of Baron Stambourg, chief 

Secretary of State for the a&irs of 

Hanover, — of a Ton. 
The Lady of the Vifcount of Andover, 
,. —of a fon^ 
The Counte6 of Droghcda, — of a 


• Deaths^ 

John Middleton, Efq; Member of Par- 
liament for Aberdeen, tifr. Brigadier- 
General, of his Majefty's forces. And 
Colonel of a regiment of foot. 

Jean Countcfs of Moray, at Donibriile. 

Sir Alexander Cockburn of Langton, 

The Lady Frances Douglas, eldeil 
daughter of James Earl of Morton, 
aged about fix. 

The Earl of Halifax, Auditor of the 
Exchequer, and Chief Ranger Of 
Bufhy park, aged 58. 

John Hay of Ba^ithan. ' 

Hugh Somervile of Innerteel, Efqs 
Writer to the Signet. 

Mrs. Jean Murray, widow of Col: 
Cranflon, who was killed at the 
battle of Ramillies. 

The Lord Ramfay, fon to the Bad of 

Mr. Wm. Baillie, Minifler at Invecnefs. 

— — Morfe, Efq; an eminent banker, 

' and partner to Sir Francis Child. 

M m 2 Ceo!]ge 

Geoiga UukaWf B^Ii brother to 

di0 I#iid of Gaidoch. 
Maftcr John Q<;ri9fr, ion to the Lord 

Gower, abcmt ftine months old. 
lAdy Apne Pferpoiit, filbr to the Ddjpe 

or KincftoiL 
$ir OcaWydie^ Bert, his MajeAv't 

|4inifter {o the cirle of Lower bMr 

jo£°i»oiliiv» on^ of his MeMly't 

P}iyfi€kl^> <^ veqr rmioeot ior the 

core of a MvHau 
UVonly fenof tl^ LordDOlon. 
Sir Roeer Martin, Bart. . 
ladv Anne Lanfidak^ widow of Sir 
^ Williaiii langchk, 9art. . 
Majpr de Dulle; w^ had l^een m dttt 

ftation 60 years. 
Jereiniak Dmitmer, brother to.Wsl^ 

loin Dttihinery Ef<]i late Govetnor 

of New-£ng^and^ 
Idr, 'Hiomibn, an eminent Lifixm mer? 

chant, at Haduiev. 
^ohn Newentpn, in SoileXy (aid to be 

the greateft graiuer in Bnglbnd^p or 

peiiiaps in tSt workL 
Caipt, Ilunilton, of theftot'giiiirds, a 
^ near idatioa of the Doke of Ha- 
f lovoft John QaimbeVagtd 75. He 

Wis thrice Lord tWift of ths city', 

and repidented it in three foooefive 


On Mmdajf, Mty 28. died at Ut 
)ioa(c in lS^-<owx in the StrandL 
London, t)ifi. reverend and learned 
jAUf 8 Anderson, D. D. a iiiember 
of the Chdrch^f Scotland, and nadvip 
pf dus kinjg^m, anther of the fma^ 
^emaimis^ and feveral other works ; 
m GtaUenUn 'pf onconunon abilitiei^ 
end inoft £u3etioiis qj^ve^tion : But, 
notwithftandiog his mat talents, and 
the v&kl application he made of then^ 
being, b¥ the prodigiotts expenoe at- 
tenduig the above mentioned work, re^ 
dived to fleodercircamftatioesi hehai^ 
lor foase.yean, been expoM cp mislbr- 
tanes, aix>vewhiditbeencoiDnmnient 
'Aie to his meiit w^ukl have eaSly rai- 
led him. — Bat the rememhiance of 
Us yelifratiops, and the many hardr 
jhips under wUch he was fnhUdfy 
^bma to labosr, will fcrve to fl|e^ 

toooeeQins flBQeraiioo^!^ xoeiv ma n 
time when Italian faimrs, by E^^ 
contrsbutiotta^ werei&vomiBd with 5 1^ 
6000 L fer Mtami, and a Gendemtfe 
who, by mofo than tw^jt^s /buk 
cave the world a book of incopcaeivaUf 
labov, andoniverfiilaie, wasfisferei \ 
toM a vi&im to bis attempts t9>6rw I 

diMfmrgh, MuHurU/im tbi (hij^/ri- 
Mrrrkf rd h j a r d^ M^ t739* 

I9,di9^5e. Jb 

'thismonm, 15. 

M*. DisaAsas. M*, 

Omfua^doB 31 
Fever * f 
SoaB-KHC 7 
Teethmi— If 
Ci|iki-<XMdi M 

ConvdnoQ 9 
Apoploy — a 
Siiangiiry— | 

Giavel I 

Chikl-lfid — t 
Still-bora — t 


WHether tbe leafimsaie lefi iie< 
ceffiuy to be obfecved i^ ov 
time than in the days of our 
aoceftofs, in well as ip af^ 
£un of ASMfApr kinc), feemi at pi 
fom*tbe geoend 6^ of afijis In 
rope, to admit of ftrioos enquiry: jbr 
thoi^ from hiikxy it appears Pel 
ry and Maiph were, for a|^ eilU^^ 
c4 the proper months lor takiiig the 
field ; yet now J«ly and kofB^SitttY^ 
ftrrthe iapie ponuTo^ with this t«ij 
confidecable advant|iee,That4f onrmo* 
dem arfm^ihoqUj)oi9ii|cha|mn^ 
pf hofiilities, the qaar apfioifttkor mn* 
far wiH fiurqiih a very iMisayWft^ 
for being obUged to nMchJWMVvith^ 
oot riming the miocatain fiute of a 
battle: Andasamopgtheanrirpeith^» 
felyes (aation' Km r^ened fti fataakfe 

Digitized by VJ ^"^^X l'^- %% 


^ coDfig^ H is p), be prefumed this 
i£e wtil reach pofterity cleai: of the 
finaUeft iinputatioii of xaihneis in mi- 
litary cqplous^ anlefi on account of the 
1ia47 o^ttQtl^ of the French into 
Tpijf in 1735 * which yet ought to be 
catcoiedinconfideratioQ of theirmaking 
rail as loach hafle back a£^n. . 

The dmfition oiF the hite Granp 
T'l zisit Mebemed Jagia Balhaw^ con* 
ftmed froqi all |part3 i and it is certain 
lie is fiicceeded in that high office by 
the Seraikier of yi^ddiai a man tho- 
lottt^ acqmintecl with the inter^ 
of ^niope^ ajg^ pfficer, and one who 
in aQ Rfneds enj(^ an amiable cha* 
rafter. nji3 elevation has given great 
joy to the Janifiaries^ who were much 
oRndedat theviokpce andvain^ory 
tiS his predeceflbr ; who was certaiiit- 

fcQlle of the mo'Si enterprifing mini- 
rs the Pjnte has had for a^ny years. 
f^ this wim the Baihaw Count de 
^oQiievsJ wiD be ro-inftated in fufl 
jbvoQC ^ reputadotty he being a ia- 
Toorite of the new Grand Vizier» and 
|dw;^ uniced to his intereib. 

Letters from ConHantinople fay« 
That Achmet Baibaw, who was fent 
JO Nirtotiato take vpoo him the com- 
SMiid cf ^ Grand Seignior's troops ill 
that province, is returned to that city, 
After having difperfed the rebels* and 
Ibrofid their commander, ' Sare-Bey- 
0^1oQ» tpabandon the caftle to which 
Jiehjul retired ; apd tW the Grand 
Seignior, in reward for this lervice, 
Jiad refloned Achmet Balbaw to die 
pE Kiamaikan, or Governor^ of 
Dtineple, of which he had been 
d by. the intrigues of the late 
I Yizer. 

Accounts very much vary as to the 
.Ottoman anniestakiK the field; tho^ 
it feems moil generaSy apprehended 
theirmain force will be ailembledon 
jthe Niefler^ fiom Chopiim to Bendeiv 
irom their maryhing great bodies on 
ihatfide; and it is<e}^eded the nejr 
.Grand Vi%ier will command them m 
^csr&n. Notwithflanciing which, it is 
Kported, with ibime circumftances of 
ypobahility, that a neaoe is on die car- 
^^ apdneara coifdufion, between die 

Porte and his Imperial Majefty/ by 
the influence of the mediatiiig hand of 
Pnmoe; asaprooFofwhichlitisfki^ 
the £mpen>r has fent the Marquis de 
yiOcnenv^ thePrench Ambaflador at 
Oonftandnople, a prefent of a very flite 
diamond, valued at 1000 Lewi^d'ois. 
Someadvices fay the Russian army 
begins to afl&mble along the Nicper; 
bnt.the expeOation of a fleet' in the 
Badtick may be fuppofed in a ereat 
meafbe to xetard the motions ot dhe 
Ruffian army on the fide of Turkeys 
it being Improbable, notwithfiandii^ 
the boafted pditenefs of the French na- 
■fion, that they would carry twenty dr 
thirty fiiips of war into the Balticl^ 
merely to pay her Czarian Majefty a 
vifit. However, it isifaid that the in- 
l^bitants of Livonia, and of the other 
provinces conquered from S wede^ dis- 
cover, on every occafioui die)r oefiie 
of remaining under the Ruffian giSr 
vemment, bemg now in the fuli'eftjoy- 
ment of dieir ancient righ^ and privi- 
Whatever may be the intention of 
-the French, her Czarian Majeftv,,who 
is no lels remarkable for her politenefs 
and compkifance^ than for her nume- 
lous other^quaMcations, is making all 
neceflary preparations for giving the 
French a mitable and ver^r gallant re- 
ception ; in order for which (he is fit- 
ting ' out no \tk than oiie hundred 
ibronggallies, feven large men of waf, 
and broviding e o,ood men in the neigh* 
Jbourhoo4 of Peterfburg to aifift in die 

The condofionof a peace between 
his iMPsaiAL Majefty, and the King 
of France, calls the attenuon of fev^- 
ral of the European courts, and giveft 
new fpirit to the lafi advices from Vi- 
enna, ^ may be fuppofed to widen 
the growing coldnefs and indifference 
viable between the Emperpr and the 
Czarina ; which will, in all ptobabifi* 

2, grej^dy facilitate a peace between 
e Porte and the court of Vienna, ex- 
dufive .of any rmrct to Raffia ; fSt 
which the court of Fiance has long^la- 
boured, by infiiting.tfaiit whiledie Eirt- 

Digitizedby VJV^^O^l'- peXtSf 



perbr would agree upon no peace in 
which Rttflb was not included, none 
could be expeAed. 

Count Wallis has, fince his arrival 
in the neighbourhood of Be^ade, Vi- 
fited all t& adjacent fortifications, and 
done every thi^g neceflary to put that 
part of the country in a ftate of de- 
fence ; to which his Imperial mafier 
lias likewife contributed a little^ by o^ 
Uiging ^onie officers, who were ib tern- 
derlf attached to his perfon as to ap- 
pear in his court when he fuppofed 
them in the rough camp, iq)on pain of 
being cafliicr'd, to repair to their pofla. 

Tne military prejkrations in Swfi- 
DEN are continued with the utmoft vi- 
gour fince the arrival of Captain Sin- 
clair at Stockholm from Conilanti- 
nople, whither he had been difpatch^d 
on afiairs of importance. Tlie gene- 
ral diet of the kingdom is now alfS)l- 
Vedy in which, though (bme warm dil^ 
Dutes had occurred, every thli^ was at 
leneth concluded with a genera] ap- 
probation of all parties. 

It is faid the miniilers of Sweden 
tt(e their utmofi endeavours to bring 
the Kingof. PrufBa into her interefl, 
iince his i>anini Majefty, on whom ihe 
relied, has fiuled her. It is affirmed 
from Stockholm, that Mr. Finch, the 
British AmbafTador there, in a confe- 
rence with feme of the Senators, had 
given them to underltand, that his Bri- 
tannick Majefty, being very well in- 
formed that France had refolvcd to (end 
a fquadron into the Baltick, would not 
fail to have a fuficient fleet in readi- 
nefs to preferve the trade and tranqui- 
lity of me North : —and that Mr. Finch 
and the Ruffian minifter are frequently 
tc^ether; and the Imperial Eni^oy 
often with the French minifter. 

While the French have any thing to 
do with the ifland of Corsica, there 
is no probability of our being able to 
rely on one word of advice we receive 
from thence: — At prefcnt, tho' from 
feveral places confirmed accounts are 
fccetved of the. convoy lately fcnt to 
the Marquis de Mallebois being parted 
^ a ftorm, and half the (hips loft, yet 
the Paris A-la-main, with an air of 

inconcern peculiar to that nation,' aCP- 
fures us that everv plank of them arri- 
ved (afe; which nad enabled the Mar- 
quis to mend the road to Cafinea, {ffr. 
and to cut down all the. Olive aod A- 
ther trees, upon the produce of whicb 
the nation is known prindpally to de- 
pend : A ftrong mark of afe&ion fer 
the ifland f In fipite of which the Ah 
beL^ as theFrencn modeftly term them^ 
have the aflurance openly to conveea 
in their own country, and prohibit 
conupunication with their ensmitt (tho* 
they came frppi France) on the fevse* 
reft penalties, and even death itfelf^ 
having, in confequence diereof, pofted 
three detachments to iecure tlieir pai^ 
fes. And, as an example of the ^ax*' 
expected fuccefs of the French arms^ 
the fame A-la-maln affi^rts, that advices 
have been received from Calvi, Hiat 
a party of kydl Corjicans^ i: e, who, had 
deferted thie caufe of their country to 
be vaftals to France, had made an 
incurfion towards Monte Maegiorej 
ivhere, with very inconfidera^ lols^ 
they left dead upon die plain two 
MEN who were watchinfi; iorne cows, 
and brought off the cattfe f 

It is aSdwed on all hands, that the 
Baron de Df oft, nephew to Baron New* 
hoflT, is arrived in Coifica, and fay the 
natives appointed Generaliffimo c^ 
their forces till the arrival of hisimcl& 
who is dailv expeCfced with powerm 
fiKcours. Bat in the mean time di^ 
French court has ftcuied the three Cor- 
fican hoftages who had been Ibme time 
at Toulon, in the caffle of St. Nicho^ 
las, it being faid at Paris that the con- 
duct of the Corficans has not at all an- 
fwered his Chriftian Majefty^s expeda- 

The Genoefe have (b exhaofted their 

gblick treafure in the war with Cor- 
a, that they are obK^ to load the 
people with ftefli taxes ; at wdiich the 
p^ple loudly murmur, and labels have 
been fixed up in the moft publick j^aces 
in Genoa, with rfiefc words : Our fa- 
thers haw Jhmtiy and tvehior their im> 
euities ! 'ri<venre thffetf&f O LorJtf-^ 
Lmen from Cortica aconaint die rsr 

Digitized by vj v_7V_^ l Wlllliyr^ 


pdblicky ' tliat feveial French officers 
and foldiers have been aflaffinateH by 
tbe iidiabitaats of Corfica, imd even 
in the town of Baftia ; on, which oc- 
cafion finne are apt to wifli thev had 
avoided lb mehncholy an end, by le- 
warning in their own friendly dime. 

Letters fromMADRip make no men- 
doa cf the con&renoesy' in cdnfeqoence 
of tbe kte convention, being yet qm- 
cd; bot that it was thought the arrival 
of die galleons, which are richlv laden 
diisyear» wiD enable the Spanim court 
to fpe&k more plainly as to her prefent 
de^is. Acquiiitions of wealdi, and 
the po&ffion of tieafure> belonging to 
ft nation they have not ktely taken 
nuich trbnble to oblige, will not pro- 
bably increafe their diijpc^tion to an 
accommodation, however neceflary an^ 
otlier pbv^ may find it.^— The cohti- 
noanoe of the Britifh (quadron in the 
Mediterranean, is faid to give the court 
of Madrid fime uneafihefs. 

His Catholick M^eflv has lately pu- 
Uiihed an order to liable all his great 
officers, &r. from holdmg more than 
9Nplaci at a time f A (evere regula- 
tion, though certainly a rational one : 
for i^i^pbtralitiesy .Bxtdpiuralfhtra- 
&iti, are wiok'd at in the churches of 
feveral ttatx>ns ; a temporal Prince who 
fxpcBs any thW*done for the falaries 
he allows, will mid but few examples 
of any of his courtiers difcovering luch 
a turn for indteftry as to difcharge, pro^ 
pedy, the buflncfs of threi^ flur^ jpve^ 
^ fix. 

Cardinal Fleury continues in health 
at Paris, and applies with furprifing 
inde&tigapility to the publick affairs 
of .'France. 

A tumult lately happened at Liege, 
on account of the oxorbitant price of 
com ; but by hanging up four of the 
rii^-leaders, matters are mightily re- 
condled, and the inhabitants of that 
city in a.iair. way of knowing what 
to expeft if they do not dutifuBy fub- 
,mit to their fuperiors. And 
t At Bouideaux a riot was occafioned 
by the infolence of feme of the fcho- 
lare of diat town refufing to let feme 
Qifloffi-hciide ^ officer^ or es^cifemen. 

H I STO R r. 239 

peq> into a baiket filled. with ham> 
oread and butter, ^c, for a party of 
pleafttre : - The iecular arm was called 
in to affifl the officers, and about half 
adozenichokrs were killed in the fray; 
to' atone for which one of the inferior 
officers^ has been hanged, and every 
thing is now m periedl tranquility 
throughout that town. 

By letters from Wiodar, on the 
coaft of Africa, we hear, that the ad- 
jaoent' country is in the utmoft confu*. 
iion, occafioned by the lawful King of 
that place (who had been driven from 
thence, fome years a^o by a bold enter- 
jj^rifing tyrant) having recovered hit 
territories : in order to which he has 
been forced to delhiby a great number 
of^ neople, and to lay the country wa^ 
with fire and (word, which almoft put 
an entire flop to all m^ner of trade 
there. However, the preient King 
has aiTured the Engliih, that he would 
always continue the good-wiU he had 
fi)rlnerly fhewn to Europeans, but par- 
ticularlv tol the Engliih ; which' xiauon, 
he {aid, he always loved better than 
any odier ; and that if they could make 
it appeal* they had fullered in thi» re- 
volution, he was reldy to make them 
ample fiitisfiiftion. 

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The lives of many uluftrious pcr- 
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Mifcellanies in profe and verfe. Bv 
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Digitized by VJ v_/v.7 v l'- itOIU 

AlUgi/lercf MdOKSfarUAY 17^. 


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fon. nr. 8 d. 

A defence of the ^ 
dples of the Chord* 
a»/uMr i§ Mt. Curt 
tatim. ByW. WiK 

Adof theAlibr 
dining the prefem 
ChnrdK. Aa/ of 
in h tbm fike J 

Of the vanity and 

A femmaryvK 
fBad*8 lency. < 
tial etMony into 
todiuie tbtiro\- 
coveiyof ai%? 
datmto; asa 
nAeriftidcs of 
andof thofeb 





oy the 

:, finely 

ny othqr 

r all their! 


dat avery. 

:Mi lippear! 

j:ough. huny. 
e every week, 
it fo ^uch as! 
i which tixDCf, 
-This alone ia 
eedom with them 
h others evety dajff 
e of injury to any, 
ril and mott rational 
nd to have no man* 
acoonling to the ne-' 
of mankind, and the , 
d of things. Eveiy, 
very htfiory of the timesp 
iiatever is remarkable i 
an account of a memo* 
. or occurrence being 
h a pmper would be " 



mfvtir* p. 243 WbH^tU P<^ 

ArJMPWKf tf tbt gmnrmmalf it> 
WibkltEsmts. imHttrmUmmiu - »6j 

_, /% , , . „• Difimtt btwum tte Britifi amd 

D^cummtUc»nl-i/lmtl,k0e- jZtflrthg^ ^ J70 

c9mHd fit 249 jj^ JCif'/ ikw^ifr »• 

BmdcomfifiimeisrfMhrAiMgmimfirjh. ^^ -^^ 

?2» Quadtsfr^tMfiit m aiUoMct 

P o E T » r. 

^ 250 

JkfiMmrfaftny^amivfafaamzil Rimmnder rf tbi Nmihem Simr 171 

Jm srbiirmy maiifier umMjSf f frit Jd D. N-^ M-^ tdt ^$ 

rnvmatatMns ib. Mtrtus the Jkmul 275 

^«r 7«A ElMi^h agmtfi the Aw/bfir mjmmg lad^pug^^ 

DmAf BmcidmbaM 254 roMfry ib. 

miOMstffipvtngmrbbiHy 255 Lri V-f-^ Q^ $ J^k 276 

gijm 256 DOMISTICK HiSTOftT* 

Prolr « bimdrtmct h cMlih 200 g ,,_ «».^_ ,0, 

charsairfBMhihs,at. ib. '*'**• ^wy *8J 

EniKidtkttmr 261 CUm u JuDm ^ Biijm$ 287 
Story ^ Sir Kchm^Stiek ib. 

fmrfal fyr m fmatky tffOHdt m Sifffiir ^Bmb 2Sf 
0;r/W 262 

' Qndie24tliof Julj/. IV. there wSlbeaacdipfeortfaefim, thebednn^k 
duration, and end, as toOows, ottaihted for the latitnde of £dinburgo» fina 
Sir Ifuu NewtM^% Tbemj^ hy John CHAViuVt 

Turn. Mum Tme. 

M, / 

2 52 38 

Vi£ble Onnjuaftioii . 4 07 39 

Ending 5 16 37 

IXiration . 2 23 59 

Bigitt cclipfed 8* 18 

H. m. f. 

2 58 o| 

4 13 06 

5 *a 04 

As we ihally purluaot to tnxt prooiifey be^n die Debates uext nKMndiy ne haf9 
6aexniiiiiitL^tfFmr$firmtids^mi^tbeCm^Mmm, that it loaj be i»* 
fated lA a proper place* 



The Sgots Magazine. 

J UN E, 1739. 

Wt hope the ingenious Aabor of the following Letter will not 
difapprom the method we have taken of replying to bis Ql^eSions] 
difiin&lf ; for^ iy. owr^Anfiioers immiJiaitfy fiuceedit^ the Oh* 
jeSfums to wbiek tbey are made^ hotb Unll lie nwrtlk^cm^ 
ceived and attended tOy tban if tbe whole of bis tetter was 
ready before we began our Defence. 

To tbe Author of tbe Scots Maoazii^c* 

5/J2i Bdmh.ymtf^ J>^fru9r. It moft be owned tliat tli0 

iHovdH in genenl I ap* BpgIi/bSiggamnishsiw\^(oiMl^ 
wore well enoKli of your |»pe«, and more frc^ucndy by the 
defigB»theie appear tame two above named, been mted as /«*. 

ibmeO^^tetaninftriick <u»^/ of their nroperties; but, furely 

wwks, be they ever foweU executed, very, unjoftly by them or' any oth^ 
andlmnftalfobefieeto (ay, afcw W^piipcrt who fub&l for all their. 
taepcioBs may be made to tie parti- wtcUiKnpe,fiM«g^a^dopM:ftick, up-. 
cabrexBColioBof your Flail. — lam on theiM^, &f. pnrciaiedataYeiy: 
ienfihleof dtetdaflbttoe with which dear rate by the papers which Uppear. 
moft men receiTt contOon of this daily, who to ^Z; and can fcrfw«w 
kmd; bnt be affmed that> notwhh^ W^ even whofc in»f, through huny. 
«anding the pitiful pniaice at prcfent,^ or wroi« mfcimatioi^ are every week, 
.<MFNbBcklW^iten,Mtof^aU^^ <»pied vfrbatim, without fo puch as, 
Afaridgen. iic, fbfling every attempt' ^ neai&ry alteratwns which time., 
tocSnrethem,«ndfeoiahlypiibli&. J^* He. require.— This atone la 
i» only fnch at extol themfelvea or CifficienttofilcnathcWAcollcaori, 
thwr hOKraiB, if you arc reaUy pof- fromoflmMtobUwwthpfcwho^j^ 
fcHedoftbecandDttrnecdSaiyinafer-. wei take the fame fireedom with them 
vant of the pnblick, you wiU think it which they take with others (Mwy ^/ 
asmnchyourdntytoaaiwerobieaions, -^dastot^ duu« ofin^onr to any, 
as to reoove asdaafe. ^ lyhen traced to its firft and moft rational 

^' rife, it win be found to have no man-; 

Fiiftthen, By the ttiEUck ftoitrs, and ner of foundation according to the ne-* 
jgiiamUflmthiQnmmskn tftn/Common oeilary pnAice of mankind, and the 
doiie, tbi Engliih Magazines h^ve nature and fitnefs of things. Every, 
htm-^^tkat 9f as Pyiates, or hvaders ehonicle, ntLy^ereryhsfloryo/thtimesp 
(tf tl!e pppperties of othen, who bave^ will indnde whatever is remarkablei 
fttMoiibem^elnes the fiU fnfrigton of againft which, an account of a memo* 
vibit theyfrfifmh^f amtnakkd to all rable accident or occurrence htm^frfi 
frofk nttbUb can ofifr from Jad^ if^ frintid tM JiKh a fafer ytovld he hat ^ 


«itt#«l«yp«m#fo having iewk^ Jnf, Partiality is certminljruKaBCBfe^ 

rlid fhm ffmrhyf And as to ^ ftate 
of our NMch and PuMHcatl^HHftgi, 
it will never be denied by uiy man of 
tmdty bot that aviewof the prind'^ 
ttd na&ninp and aigoments]| 
SdeSy mnStt ror the generality of read- 
mn, be preferable to a ooUedion of 
cveiy fingle paper which anv 0ceiden'> 
$mIteca/Sm, or the wkm ^ ^rhmn^ 
m^ht oring to l^ht : it beiif well 
knowii, that wriang» of this kind are' 
often unintcjUi^le withoat their coon- 
ter-paits ^ which lUHxn a wtntbfy ft^ 


able in fhch ddfns; but £f wiidngi 
tfiwiiig to rnJain and CBRitoe tlie atf« 
tmv of our trnt/litmiim and frkni^u, 
the in^^ of onr^nitfiioiwf, lad the 
da^mii which tkrviten j^ Mftmxktok 
well enough to dgfifnn die poUkk at* 
tention on ibarfirjf appearance^ thnr 
are aifo cMnris of a place in a coi- 
kfiSon cdcilhueCM wdl 6r /^fforiN as 
lor the frff/M Hmi fince writngi 
jonnded-iyon noncirfes in thcariMw 
true* win ever nave xhtfime tpkmefi of 
their de and exceVenoe; and, sdhile 
/kttfim (,'tMii, OBmneved^seatdMry 

mofffuy a«d ^fifidi in wUck Mwrf >fti|^>7^Ast#tha4i</< p ; f f tffc s u fofi* 

tiod wiitfa^ nuy n»fci^ V/^^S^s^^*^ 
fr^uJUctSy &cAx is cerodoly ^du^ 

writer ^may appear in l^keficqlmnt tialwritfa^aayn»fci^ 

without the incimibrsnce of die />x)^W 

S^tUi whidi fometines appear in aD 

papers of a political kind : And fiom 

thcfe we hanri. ftpelfri aicM%M» 

to coUc^ as fioipi any other wri(ji^ 

whoic nature throws them ^|ito 4c 

Jiandi Or every Amua^^ JBportttft^ &c. 

WcA ctlkAma rf JhUe iraSs^ ktt§rt%BA 

sfeONWMw) whole bcaCiKJ upon popo^ 

Vu MgcCb, tf c. feftf ■ ^r. w)kit£ ue 

sn the hi^ieft reputation^ asay^' wMi 

a'ereater%ew of julUoe, be needed of 

wnrifin, duMi any work where fe 

0QCh ht^Mtnt^ tart and* Mmtuy is -^ ^^- ^- ^ ,^, 

wanted in the thna and SMtkm of ./p'* •w*|J*"|| ■W' #is4# 4#f * irt^ala^i 

ahateriab, astenderi^ infeJfC nmA ^tfi^jj^ifmh^fmffi^ •U^mBi* 

pf cmry ^tiBf€^ never Jo ofl^ aay 
firfitud cabamn^^frifvttu rfftmth^ or 
th^ irv}rirn( tfSn of iMilfcr on either 
ikfey ii^O^ipq^ die deibioe of thi: pediais 
attacked; whereby the reader wiDte 
aUe tairfe kv OM jodj^nqpR* Md ^ 
4fnMir IT ^db^aaho te^ comiucat. 
-^WheKttasiisiat4pae» theSukis 
Ml in the Miwv of fock a defies bat 

lAfttt an 01 igTual^compoudon. fSian ma- 
1^ pieces whofe authors are not "to ge-' 
deroos as. to own to whom, dliey itrt 
oHfeed, Andbefidealldbefe, aMx- 
Meau pnUifhed wilh proper attention^ 
wilt be valuable to every man.of iajie 
and eitritfy, on aocotmt of the many 
^k eJTaj^s, 6f r. of value, which fone- 
tsnes ftrasgle into papers of little re- 
pute, anC^withoot me flrknih offi- 
J^atue of iudi a r e po fi t pry , would pro* 
whly be kift to mankind. 

wifk agmmft Maeazines, // ibiir pre- 
fervmg the prejudices of one let of 
Oendemen ^ainft another, awtjjftiad- 
iiigtbim through the handf offucbread' 
trs ms nuouU dhimmfi netmr fii /.bem. 

^^^W •^^^f ^^lll^¥'^ 99 R^P'^^^T^^ '^r ^^^^ 

booka mo & vary n&lhl pa9t ^ al^ 

inlkrtiBg the mfhk hm fkmmmf, aa 
tooonen psattfed. MooftKtBiM ffim 
or semarkahle hooka aar •f mat fep' 
uJoekosk-apiiini aiib iiaf Ibck aakk» 
aadtheproprietoseaf fiKfakoaka^ hoc 
10 infert a whole traft ^thoo^ the xf 
qoeft of Ike asthoc, is no way warmnt^ 
able, where di^ is a f/ffUkf ^, 

tne pafinix^ of w ones apon tkeworiil 
lor new cto;.that can aiAf Bedone^ 
by luck as are niifit to be coQeeraoA 
in any vrork of the nature of that iar 

MV ifthe^Md, mwUbifmjimtgfir' HSgm, cwjr leader of wltfdi oo^t 
gn thiir tndtMcy.^ • L),g,t,zecjby.vjv^/^.^i^ . t^ 

benefit of mankind^ we aiJ their in^ 
tttitioH and vurit their regttrd^ by tranf- 
mitting their labours t6 thouiahds who 
woulcl otherwife never fee, and conie-» 
qiiendy havtj no benefit fitiin, them. 

to B^ (uppofed capable of deteding fuch 
%xl ini[ioiftioD. 

** ay. IV. Tmr tf^thnm tf England 
wr§ oriatlf blamed fir engroffingjb math 
tf tie ftu£ik attentioM abwi tMr own 
paltry' diipotes telatiti» to property ^ 
nvbat ewry Mi hOws bebngt to both 
' A LiKi ; anJf <whai itids ireatfy to the 
/arce, iSf their thargiug ea<^ othev nvith 
i ihe gailttfhorrowi» /ram tachotktt^t 
\ ep&Simi^ nvbik hotb ii^ fy borrowing 
! mfy — M if their tmki^ ivhatitjer they 
\ fkafiei /mm othersi *were ent attfk fe(U' 
\ rtty/romemjfdeaingtotakt/remtlimr 
Ak/ This is fo true, that we bloih 
'\ to infert \%, and cannot oiler to vindi- 
cate a pra^ice fo notorionfly abfurd % 
atofi beinff no fuch thing in nature aa 
ffmftnM^ A Mt^Ttxifiel 

. "Obj.V. Withreke&toytmowh 
Mi^^iziiie, it is thought^ hy/ewralGem^ 
tkmmy t^be froJeaUeinniihagmdJio^ 
I }fj^t\ wichf no dottht^ ij in great 
\ mea/mre ewin^ to the ehear/y receftion 
\ jtm have met fdiih: itu yet thp think 
jou dejervejome Blame on account 0/ omit' 
; ting two or three papers which were taken 
\ 1iHcio/hyma>rfasfinartptU&^^ 
I Aaf. It would be impoffiUe to in^ 
: £nt» verba^my (the method we have 
\ flitherto almoft «ooftantLy obferved,. 
and fhall continue to putfue) everv pa- 
per chat comes out: though wtf fatter 
^orielves we h^ve not yet omitted one 
lemarkabie lor atay one extillenci^ tin- 
ted it idated to ibme other tedious, pa- 
per» *ooithokt tsihith it\Vould have beeii 
linintdligible, and with which it woul4 
cngiofa more room than was fatopor^ 
tionaJUe to tht entertainment it could 
yield wt readeh ; tb which a ibi&. re^ 
gaid is always tiece(Ikr)ry preferably to 
ay mher cohiideraticln : and tiier^ h, 
specially in political efikys, ftl&h ha- 
iuwd in pkafing of readers, and fuch A 
Certainty of iijpkafing ^thots we oaghi 
tat to difoblige> that we chufe to in&rt 
tntir^ whatever we borrow from them f 
which not only prev^ts any juft cade 
<iS complaint on account of their being 
Cmtaikd, (jfr. bot« if (h^ really writer 
itit -the puUidi iiiformatioxi^ and the 

" Obj. VI. / beard it fi^efied, ott< 
reading Af^. Toi^)eeV Utter in March) 
that yon /atuoAred the Om—^: Andmanf 
ferions people think his letters i« renerai 

Jn/ Nothing iCah be thore tettedik 
tiian that Mr. foupee is^ both in mind 
Bind fortune^ above -any mean attach-^ 
Jhent whatever^ If the behaviour of 
the author of a ffLty i^/ufid reprefenta* 
iion appeared to nim ridiculous f we are 
very lure the fear of beinz thought td^ 
/de with the Cott — t, womd be as fai^ 
from conceaUng his ibltimeii^ as a de^ 
fireof being thought to ^Je it^ would* 
be unable te move his pen. This we 
know to be truth, he bemg remtrkabld* 
for his freedom from eiigag^ents with 
anyparty, and hi) impartiality to alL 
-—This much we think oui* duty to de"" 
dare of a Gendemaii Who, we prefume^ 
deierves fb much the efieem of the nn^ 
biafled, and to whom we are matl/ 
obli^.— -As to the i(^ of his letters^ 
they yittt only calculated for entertain-- 
ment, and that chiefly of fuch as are 
(a often in tAndon as to partake fre->> 
quently of - the poUte diverfions of thai- 
place. To theie they will yield an a^ 
greeahU anmjement, and to the^^y oart 
of our readers, in gqaeral> thejr will be* 
alwavs acceptable, — ^Tb the fenous they 
will be fure to appear i^Jfkfi» m they 
will fcarcely be inte^gibte: llut our 
^eadv attention to fubje^ of a more" 
weighty kind. We hope, makes ample- 
recomjpence for the JmaUJ^e devoted 
to wverponm 

"Obj.Vtl; Amngyettr pmj^ yoti 
have in/ertid fiverai pieces pejfeffed 0/ m 
Zoning tJtceSence, and/ome thai are little 
more than paffabk:' 

An/ In out poetical articles we 
thought we had rather erred in being 
too curious^ by giviflg much more at- 
ta:UiQ& to What we have in&rted than 


\' VJV_J'V_7Xl'>- 


is commonly beftowed upon eollefiions 
of that kind: for, tho terftQ pieces 
are ^worthy our Jirft regard, the greateft 
ufe we hope to be of with refpcS to the 
Mafi»9 is our being a means of tranf- 
mitting little eilays to the world whicH 
are xk>t wholly deftitute of iatnL with- 
out thfe authors beihgobii^'d lb mfier by 
the rcMtioA they m6et with, be what it 
#iU} wnercby a/on^ jwf i^«^ will har^ 
an opportoniQr of hearing^ his b«inli<*9 
and blemi(he6 lonarked with a freedom 
jie woula icarcely ever meet with fron^ 
any who knew turn the author^ and be 
thereby enabled to judge of his genius 
this way, and to corr^ whatever in 
]us manner of writing ftands in moil 
need of amendment. — On this cotli]d^- 
jtation» we hope any oompdition pof- 
ieflfed of any one excellence, whether 
aiftbougbi or elidkmt will be allowed a 
£dl claim to a place among piemfiti- 
min<d to the piibltck jidgmeot andcn- 
tertainmenty and not to our own.— « 
Wc have hitherto been very happy in 
our correijpoiideiits, and (hall do our 
utmoft to merit the continuance of their 
nvour, by inferting^ with all poffible 
e}fwditioni whatever is fit for the pu- 
bhck view; intreatingi on behali of 
o\a ymnger foetf^ that our readers will 
icmember, when any thing appeals 
nmgb and Mn/au/hedy That the greateft 
Baras muft have a ie^imut^. 

•'bbj. Vin. Frm the datt 9/ your 
fuhUcatifm fime are feaiy to cone hide you 
^i ajjtfled fy the Msgazirtes 0/ England 
ih fe'veral particulars, ^isy perhaps, you 
cannot avoid; hutthekfscaufeyougifvefor 
fuppofiiotu of this kindy ii nuilfbe the better 
for your interejl and credit, — I have no un- 

fenerotts motive for the freedom I have 
ere ukcn; but being a wcll-wifher to 
every thing that can prevent our b*ibg 
obliged toourneighboursy I was willing 
tQ acquaint you with thefe few objedti* 
ens that have occurred in my notice, in 
order either for yonr anfwering them, 
or avoidii^ the occafions of thiemfor the 
future. lamt 


Tour htmbU fervani, 


Anf, The date of ou£ publiatkm is 
ttnavoidabte, if we execute the work 
properly; for, as we have always oom« 
f)lettd each rdbe£tiv^ mdnth bdwe 
we have pobliihed it, *tis impofiUi 
o«r fore^ newsf i^c. for the /i^ ^ 
tS one month, can arrive before tte 
6th^ 7th^ or 8th of tkk month ibikiw- 
kte. — ^We are deverikfiaid of a coaipa* 
riton^ with oar brethren of Loudon, aa^ 
when we are ail confidered as fupplicd 
with the faim makrkeb^ we art; vtvy 
willing to fttbmit the ibi^e6tioB of dw 
tfitwr/aadMrtWof ufingtheA, tbtke 
ddcft icmtint} being tenfident diat^ 
if our being home-mastufaOurwrs be 00 
objection to our endeavpurs, we fhafl 
not fuffor on any other aocoont. — ^We 
Kope, Sir, what we have here oflKred 
will appear as (atisfiidory as we wSk 
it : For, fuch is our aveHion td Run- 
ning oar readeii abbni ouf^hea, that 
only lb genteel and kind A rtoiQofoQsU 
have, drawii fo knttch on ttut iiibjcfl 

SIR, r 


ktmbie feroitiat. 

■ ■ ■ ■**■ ■■ ■ ■ ■ » .J ■ ,, ■ ii K 


rfbdtni fncteafe tj wt PuvHat Ri^Veititf 
and tts nuyf pronwie SfftffSm 

S I It 

MY laft concluded with the i^ 
that (^n!d the door of the 
houfe ^Conoams^ fJM* aa anny 
offlaci-men : l ihall therefore now pro* 
ceed tt> what hath hapooied foxa the 
inauguration of thsfrifint rtyaJfamtif. 
The nation haa great hopes gi- 
ven them, before their acceffioo^ tbit 
even the power of future corruptkm 
would be very much kfTened imder 
their reiens : for there was an account 
publilhed, in which it was &ewn how 
much the nation would be gaiheis by 
this new fmcceffion, even more than 
would anfwer the expence of the iaio 
nnar ; fince there would be fo gttat a 
faviD^ upon the chMifi akme. — It 
ms hkewifo cxpofted th» tho mw9 


Digitized by Vjv_/i_7 VI v^ "^ 

JPsekfy ESSJrS 

and nofty were to be managed yvitk the 
utjxvoft oecpnomy^ ai^ t}ie chains of 
them ooafider^bTv reduced. — jR ^as 
fuppoied^ ^nd maxfe an argument by ]Vl.r. 
jtddifin^ in the Free-holder^ that t^e reye- 
nues oi Hoiiover would be ^n eafe and 
ilrengtii to ns, inftead of a burthen. — 
Indeed, the ()e»nning of the late reign^ 
and the nranfaffions of one ye^r^ cor;:e- 
Jponded prejtty well with thefc promi- 
KSy and gave i|s ^e mpft pleaiing pror 
ipeft of having our juft expcflations ful- 
nlled. Thp mnifiry even propofed %. 
an, [i Geo. cgp. 56. fejf, i.] whidji 
paiTed, for (cnfbrcing the law ^ men- 
tioned ^pixi'^fenfiorfers during j^eafure 
fitting in the houfe of tommont. They 
carri^l it &ther, and extended it again$ 
fnjmf for any nu^jiber of year?, inilj<fl- 
ing a penalty of 20 /. a-<^y, to jbj? 
pud to l^t pr^Jficutor. 

By both thpfe aas it apj^rs^ at le^, 
to be ^ defign of the legiQature, that 
oar loFws ought not to be made, nor the 
meajures of the min'tftry to be fcrvilely 
appcQved of,}>y/uci cnature^. 

1 have already observed how the 
trvum, or mpre prope^-ly the minifter^ 
(whenever we are curled with a haje 
and conyfted oae) often turns thoie very 
laws^ which ai^ made for the prefer- 
vatiQA of the whole people, to their dlA 
advanta^ and imminentdeflru^ion.— 
The de&t of this law agaiivft fenfit^er^ 
hath fince been very viable; for, fuc^ 
high comtftioH being always of a fecrejt 
nature, who can pro(ecute and convidl^ 
but be who gives iht penjidn ? The fer^ 
fi9f who receives it, without ^quaint- 
ing thp hpu/e^ fells himfelf for ever tp 
hisramr/^rr. Thei^ is no purg^tio|i 
on the re^ei'vefj Ror any penalty on ,tli 


Lord Hslifax did likewife reduce 
the «n)ence pf the cvvil-lifl^ [fee the- 
tafe //i}f fmkipgfund,/. 7 c, 76, 77.J 
as low as the exigencies of the publick, 
at that ^me, woHld admit, and the ho- 
ncft iervice of die nation require ; up^ 
on which account fpme Gentlemen 
theo ferved for hatiour, and parted with 

their incre^fed Salaries. He was 

therefore (bon wormM out of power 
by 0N£, who was miich more liberal 

in J UNE ^7^9^ 247 

ofthcfuhlicA money \ by whom an ad- 
djjtion of 100,000 /. a-ycar was obtain- 
ed ^r the eroFwn ; who always pleaded 
for enxrwed corruption \ who purchafea 
fiivour by givine to all ali|ce, and of 
confequence made the round of cornir • 
ptign conftant and neceflkry for hipi. 

That lefs than 700,0^0 /. a-ycar 
would have been fufficient fpr thje ci'vil* 
/j/^, appears very plainly, not only frop^ 
what it cpft before fo |^t a fum was 
^vcn : (ail the money iiTued die firft 
year for the ci'vil-lif^ being no moY% 
than 361,161 /.} bu( from what migh^ 
be expelled, when this additional grant 
pafled, and to wYa^ purfofes it would Jbr 
applied ; ffnce a motion was made for 
an addrel^ to his l^Iajefty, [?«/. flate^ 
njol. a. p. 397.] *• That he woiild b^ 
pleaied to retrench all unnecejfary pfn- 
fomsf and gran^ no more any f^ch for 

the future. — Hereupon Mr. R t 

W LE, with his ufual eloquence^ 

(hewed that they ought not to (Unt the 
King^s henefcence^ nor debar his Majejly 
from the exercifc of the mofi gloriou^ 
branch of his royal prerogative, whic^i 
is, to bellow his/a*vours on fuch as di« 
ftinguifli themieJves in his Service.*' 

0ere was a glorious flaji of po^^er 
laid down ; which hath been too fuc- 
cefsfuUy purfued, for fome particular 
ends j how beneficial to the nation, I 
need not fay : but as this mefl glorious 
branch of the royal prerogatitve was tQ 
ht vnx)io\itfint, it cannot be faid that 
it hath been retrained ever fince. 

The reafon therefore for giving fi 
much conftantly begets a reafon for gi- 
ving more,, as well as the po^er of ob- 
fining it jj if it ihould ever happen 
that tnpfe, who grant it, are to fbare 
\t, and nothing fhould be necefTar^ 
hut to gratify their demands. 

This will appear mor^ plainly, by 
obferving that, dunx^g the firlt year 
of his late Majeily*s reign, there was. 
iifued fox fecret firvices {a fervice that 
allows of i^ffl crr^/} but 7250 /. The 
next y^r, under a more dijiributing 
eninifier, XZy'jSb I. — For the pri<ty 
purfe the hrfl year, nothing. The fecond 

O o 2 <^mount 

24? ff^fekfy ESSATS 

amount of about 25,000 /. which oc- 
cafioDcd fuch complsuDts the firft year, 
ftrere doubled in the fecond year. — To 
run through f^^fery article^ as well u 
rv€rffiwr^ would be too long for a 
Goneipoodeo^ pf this nature. It is 
fuffici^nt to obfinre, that this influena 
continued toinaeafe. C^rruftiom be- 
gets comtfiiWf and multiplies itfdf un- 
der a mntflert whofe only ifcill cpnfiils 
in a larifh profufion of the fnhfick frta^- 
fitrt ; givi]^ money to every pne who 
would take it, and looking upon eyery 
body that refufed it, as an enemy to 
HIS and thtrojialfamify: for both m^ 
and nvotifeit would^ by /tifh a pmnfter^ 
be thoi^ht ynarketable, like beafts. No 
fuirtui^ or abiiities woul4 be recom- 
mendations to his fiivoi^. Corrffiio^ 
would be the only princfdlp and founr 
datioi} of}»$ pobticki, The iwmtr of 
the nation, itstradt and ffuemuj, muft 
be facrificed to iti left the money 
ihould be diverted intp otJber chamub^ 
and not enoi^h left to maintain him- 
felf in f»wir^ and enable hin^ to pur* 
^hafe the ifigheff as well as the bwiJI 
tools, — May this nation never be pu- 
liiihed wi(h fucb ^ minifin \ or may 
he fpeedilv meet with his jufl re- 
ward f — I hope w« never (hall : but 
are there no reafpns to anprehend it, 
from what yft, have feen already, con- 
fidering how fn^all ^fum hefort nttn- 
tionei are, in companion to what was 
jiTiied for iktit/amepioits vfes^ from lady- 
day 1 72 1 to Lady-day 1725, for tb^ 
trhy purfiy ficrtt fervice^ penfious^ houn- 
fits, and monies ivithotft ^tccowit^ whid^ 
amounted to fo prodigious a (uifi as 
2,728,759/ which, upon an average 
for tht/omrjiars, is 68?,i 89 /. a-year ? 
There is likewife reafon to fufped 
that fome other advantages liave been 
formerly taken of jhe people, by an- 
ficipating the n^oney at the offieesy and 
^lever accfunting for it ; fince, notwith- 
standing his prefent Nlajefly^s immenfe 
fi<uil'Rfty th^ fi}m of iiCyOOO / was 
fdemanded, as a pretinJed deficiency for 
the very (HI year : and though the mi- 
niftry themfelyes made a motion to ca)l 
foT the accounts of that yearns re<vemie ^ 
ypf they would a^t even truft the fr^ 

;« JUNE 1739- 

C- ^irs to make it up acconBi^^ 
t gave them private orders, under 
their hands, to do it in a quite dife-. 
rent manner. It was then difcoveidl 
by the o^fitm to tbea fuRmi^ diat 
the amictpatimu wer^ not broi^ht tQ 
accoqnt ; by which mfans the publick 
was to pay double for thepi, Howt 
ever, themntfjr muft be had, at any 
rate ; and therefore, when the pre-. 
Xeoat oi k i^iency was difeovcredtq 
be groundku, it was asked and granted 
as an amar^ with jufl as qiuch reafbo, 
to be repaid upon his Majcily*sdeBiiie. 
But as uie cvml'lifi is now tbretqtucr- 
tirs in arrear, and may po^bly be {9 
again, upon that melancholy occafion, 
we have but very little hopes of beiq; 
ever reimburfed. 

It hath been already allowed by r 
very greai and howmireiJkk Urfimagje^ tba^ 
700^000 /. a-year, fwitboia accoorm^ U 
oetfer than a revenue of 800,000 /. a-^ 
year, which is annually uccounuifir t$ 
parliamftt.—'We kt that the 8qo,ooo/, 
a-year, which was then deenicd folly 
fu^icient to anfwer all the ends of the 
civil-Rfiy is not thought enough at me- 
ient ; though it is eftiniated, by (0019 
perfons, tft about 950^000 /. k-year : 
unce, though it was dcfigned to make 
an boHOwa^e proviJSomfor all the rojtl 
/amify, it is drainM io low, that, inr 
ftead of 1 00,000 /. a-year, it can afbid 
but co,ooo /. a-year to the Prince ef 
Wales \ inilead of paying the frincefi 
of Oranges fortune out of it, the nation 
hath given 80,000 /. with a pcn£on of 
5000 /. a-year during her tile : and 
though it is now incrnJed, by th^ der 
mife of ift^r late Majefty^ co,ooo /. a- 
year, and 40,000 /. was iaved lafl year 
mtheexpencesof theAn^M/; thisad- 
ditioiial 90,000 I, a-year is fb far ^m 
being fiimdent to inoeafe the Prince «f 
WaKsh allowance, thoi^h he hath aJ- 
ready tbr^ cbfldren bom, or to lay up 
any thing as a provifion for thtrifi if 
the rvyal family^ that 39,GOp /. is this 
year gratited in penfions for life, to the 
Puki and r}it young PrincejffeSf. without 
any accounts delivered in, or any exami- 
nation v^hcther the revcmus were fuffl«c 

Digitized by VJ v_/ v_/ V IV. S?l&^\ 

IFeekfy ESSArS 

tSeoX for that purpoie. — Nay, the cMl- 
/^is not able to parchafe even Mrs. ^/r- 
<pMri*s receipt for caring the ftmu i bat 
the fiatimi mnft be at &e cKarge of it, 
though the crcwm afed formerly to nay 
lor thofe kinds of things, as his laii Ma- 
jefy did : but it cannot now afibrd a 
&rthing towards any puhlick uft^ or #x- 

I When the Gin-aS pafled, which was 
I hit a few years ago, we were told, thai 
I his^L^eJly*sfrudentcrc9nomj'wasa'wor' 
I thy exampk tQ aU his fitijeits \ and fo 
I 00 doobt it is. He then paid pundu- 
. aQy, andyvas therefore ferved cheaper 

than any of Jiis predeoeflbrs. To 

what caufe dierefore can this ffreat de* 
JEriMr^ be owing f The pinfioMrs, per- 
liapsy mav pretend that it is not their 
&alty ana unpute it to the expences of 
« latepmrnrf : b^t I ani £ir from be* 
XD% of their opinion ; for the purchaie 
pf the f^-office at ffmuver^ valu^ at 

C/a-year, and th^ bayliwick of 
horft, together with the bilhoprick 
of QJnabvrgy and fomethine eife, wil} 
make a tolerable proviiiontor a jo^n^ 

Thsj may likewjfe pretend (hat thU 
firrear is occ^ioned b v the neceifitjes of 

the IK r, without his mafterh knowr 

ledge ; and that they are fupporte^ only 
by a certain, ibted, annual fum oat of 
the crvii'lifty the difpbiition diallflacfs^ 
and fome other private advantages, by 
the madam method of accounting. 

But as none hat fenfimers can reafon 

in this manner, it proves my argument 

I unanAwerable, of the great burthen they 

I are upon the fuhjeS^ and the ufes for 

I which they are paid| fince they will 

not leave enough to fupport his majefy^ 

and the rtyaffamifyy with the common 

necei&ries of life^ without running into 

dehty which the nation is no longer abl^ 

to bear. 

I fhall conclude this paper with ^ 
few general remarks upon what hath 
been faid. 

Can it be fuppo(bd that aiiy mtnifier^ 
who may hereafter raife and maintain 
himfelf in power, by the. file expedient 
before mentioned, wilj ever grow more 
i)^i£ihoiuoas for ihepHhIick, or lefs ne< 

in JUNE 1739^ 24^ 

ceffitoos to fupport his ra^uenmu cren^f 
What apfrehatians muft conflantly fol- 
low fach a boundleis diftribution of 
fnhUck money ? — Can a minifier^ in, 
this condition, thinkof any thing dfe. 
but the annual rotations of it ? — Tho* 
he ihould find the nation in flotuifhine 
circumibmcesathome, 2sA peace *with 
all towers abroad^ he would be inca- 

5 able of preferving us in it. The gree- 
inefs of his mercenary dependents^ and. 
the pofllble views of the ero^u^^ would 
drive him into every fcheme of ex- 
nence, for his own prote£Uon. 7'he 
bullying of all nations, and even oor 
befifriends, at a vaft and moft ridicu- 
lous charge, would operate two ways \ 
by makine his courts and employing 
a multituae of importunate foUiciton, 
who would be always hanging upoa 
him. He could never thiiSc of cor- 
re£Ung the frfifalfefiep, but muft^ 
blundering on from year to year ; till 
by the dint of abfurd negotiations, he 
ik^royixht balance of Europe, and not 
only leaves his country witnout an Jlfy 
in the world, but jnalces every ftate ei- 
|her their open or fecret enemies. 

They may have military raree-Jhe^t 
and other tublick difverfimsj as long as 
they pleai^ to pay for them ; hMt peace^ 
durmg his Time* would be the inva- 
riable rule of his politicks. Rumours 
of^wars would be his harvefl, by giving 
him a pretence for raifing money, and 
getting provender for his fa^ion. He 
would fooner deilroy the nation, and all 
Europe, than hazard one year of his 
reign ; which would certainly be his 
ca^, in a <war^ notwithfbinding the 
common nugdm. That times ofwAK ttre 
the mojl fajy to an ftdminiftration. He 
woula therefore be eternally ringing 
the changes upon the common fchool- 
boy's theme, That pe ace /j better than 
WAR, as a full proof of the beft mea- 
fures. It would be impoifible for any 
nation to maintain a <i\:ar, however ne- 
ceffary it might be, nndtr fufh a mini- 
fter: for every power in Europe would 
foon find out the ftretch of his genius, 
and the depth of all his poliiicisi which 
a( moii coold arrive only at purchafing 

Uigitizecl by VJV./v^^v iv. 

H^itify ESSAYS in JUNE 1739: 

ViBttltvitilBgenc^l and, perhaps, when 
it b too late to make anv iblid ufe of It. 
A war, managed by fiicb gn head^ >vouId 
certainly be ridiculoa3;.and, without 
a mirade, unfuccefsful j efpeclally if 
the nation, who carries it on, fhouidbe* 
come a boghine-ftock, and a word of 
feproacb anongS all their nehbbours. 

War wouki certainly be tne ruin of 
H mlmjfer, 'whp fhoold ever employ all 
the finews of it in a corrupt warfare 
9gainil the liberfies and coffftitutiom of 
his country. — The firft and ipoft vf- 
Jible fund, for carrvins it on, with 
I'uccefs, would be, tne uving of what 
ihould be appropriated to the juftifica- 
tion of his tneanu^Sf and the pay of bis 
faSintf as well as a redudUon upon all 
tlie heads of ^rv/r#/ and management ; 
which might produce avail annual 
fum. — But then what would become 
of the government ? by which both the 
tfiinifierznd the feofle would plainly 
perceive that he me^nt himjelf,-^ 
why truly the Prince and the nntian 
jnuft be content to have men ferve 
them, who have abilities to confider 
and purfue the interefts of botbi and 
who muH be fatisfied with the credit 
that would refult only from the re^- 
tude of their meafures. — Tliofe, who 
are maflers of no arts but that of cpr- 
ri^/re, cannot (land upon fuch ground. 
It is tnerefore deftruAion to fuch men ; 
and they would ruin a ivhole nation ra- 
ther than themfehves. Whenever the 
roeafuie of their ini(juity is full, the 
feopk would not bear it any longer. AH 
things have naturally their deterinined 
periods. Surely anmption cannot be 
the only exception. — A mercenary^ 
indeed, might flatter himfelf that |:he 
contention is only who fliould be his 
faymafteri of fuch utility he takes him- 
felf to be, that he does not fee when 
the candle is abnpfl burnt out, though 
it ihould bum the fingers of him who 
holds it. But every fenfianer ought to 
confider that he may give a mlmfier {p 
much power as to render himfcJf ufe- 
lefs, 2xAio\3Kxxxsi^^febdfife^ 

I ami iffc^ 

UxivsasAL SrsevATOa, Jn^ 3. 
The celebrated Dr. R-**^|C, (othe 

aUhntii ^k Wh— T«— p. 

Me^jorena gT§iHng brotber^ 

AS treaties are the mocfe of Hm 
times s ^, to fpeak in die Ua- 
guage of the vul^, 00 one tab noir 
cares to ftand on its own bottom, ^veo 
I, though fo defervedlv ^unoas for the 
numbedefi and namtleis cures that I 
have performed, thoygh polled up at 
the comer of every (Irfet, lane and al- 
ley in this vail metropolis, ;ind for b 
many years on record in cveiy news* 
paper, that has appeared on eiuier fide 
of the grand qneftion, I even conde* 
fcend at lail to propoie an alliance be* 
tween me and my laudable brethren 
the Quacks, on one fide, and you ana 
your regenerated a>-adjutiprs, the col- 
ledors of Kerniington-common *, on the 
other. — But, bmrc wc proceed any 
farther, as a hint to the peliticiaos, kt 
it be obfenred, that we are led to chit 
motion by our natural intereH i that 
our viei»rs pf regpcocal advantay are 
apparent, and du^t we UteraDy cou|^ 
lih to like : whereas th^ oftoi prove 
themfelves fuch blundercn, as to leagot 
with their enemies, and aparrd witli 
their friends 1 nor aia fcimbJe of their 
folly, 'till tbcy feel it in their naisfor- 

Si ftfnbs tmk dej^i d^Jfitur: I don*t 
know whether that is g^ Latin or 
no ; but if not, I have learned oS yoo, 
that human wi0om is no acoomjdilh-^ 
ment, and of courie, ignorance no re- 
proach. However, as J take it, tb? 
meaning is, that ont fool mefi^s flM»ri 
and I muil needs iay» that craft on our 
fide is npt fufiicien^ vnlefs folly is of' 
that of our auditory. — Let this thai, 
be the bgfe of pur fytmc co|[if«d»acy : 
to difcountenanice knowledge, aiKi cnr, 
up implicit ^ith in the Dooor ; to ef* 
fe£l which, J have obierwd, nothing is 
fo infallible as myfiery. When men 
^ talk 

* The place when W^tt^ufidf^ 
freach, and colkS*, ^lv_ 


talk to be vnderftoodi the very valgsur 
fchemfelvcs can examine their princi- 
i pies, can annvel their arguments^ and 
picaa their own reafon to diflent from 
their conclnfions : but when we wrap 
ourfeWes roufid with obfcnrityi talk» 
like what St. Paid heard when fnatch- 
ed op into the third heaven, things that 
BO conception can attain to, who can 
expoie? whocahre^ve? Bdide, the 
l»d love t0 wonder, and the fifer- 
faitlimi, both on the flare and in the 
polpit, never £ulM of lucceeding be* 
yond the moft fansuiiie expedUtions. 

i was overjoyM to read vour incom- 
^heniible joamais, and hear yonr 
more incomprehenil^le orati<Mi9. To 
txpmtoat warnings and infpirations ) 
b(^, fee, tafte and toach« as one may 
iay^ the beathings of divine love ! — 
thele were thii^ that I fbrefaw could 
not^ of fedacingonr very |ood friends 
the mob : And then yoar joumevings 
by land and water! your preachings 
in the fynagognesf yoQr exercifes m 
^fieidis! but, above aili this notable 
cqiedient of cotieSimg charitiei, won 

my very heart! 1 was then 

\ convinced you was one of us : I felt 
an irrdilUble fympathy attrading mv 
affa^ons towards you, and could h^- 
ly reft *till I had made you an ofEer 

of my fnendfhip and ferrices. 

Befide, i found there was the e^€be& 
fimilitiide both in our callings, and in 
our meafiires to render tho& callii^ 
profitable. — If you fet up for a cony 
ef St. Pdoly (as *tis obferved you ao^ 
I even to the mimicking B^^aefs pi- 
I fliae of him at Haf^ft0t<9Urt) I do 
I the fanoc hy the old ilager> Hyfocritftt 
I think they call him i if you under- 
take to deanfe and puiify the foul^ I 
do the like by the body s ifyouarean 
enemy to die reguhir drones of your 
ptoleffion, I am as much to thole of 
ours , if veu profefs to lerve the pu- 
Uiekforthefkkeof thepublick, (bdo 
I: Do you pocket the fee when 'tis 
ofeed ? I do the fame : are the mob 
your cnftomers } they are mme like- 
wife : are yob taUed a Quack in do- 
^nals? I bear the fame reproach in 
paAkft: Aie you the fcomand jeft of 

//r JUNE 1739; l^t 

men of ienfe ? I want but mv little 
of being as much their jefl and (com 
as you : In a word^ if *tis laid that yoa 
tutn the brains of y6ur padents, ^ris 
afHrmed, with ec^ual truth, that f de« 
iaoy the con&itutions of mine. 

From this pafellel, Sir, of cor cha- 
ndler and condud^ whkh all the work! 
muii alloipr to be impartial, ''tis obvi« 
ous that nothinz can be more reason- 
able than the aHiance above propofed^ 
and, of Gourfei thiitit fhouki be embra- 
ced with open arms on both fides.— 
But, perhaps, you will affedl to be a- 
fhamed of luch an union, and mav in« 
finuate it will endanger your faintly re- 
putation.^- In anfwer to whkh, Sir^ 
give me leave to fay, that 1 have fcru- 
pies on that head as well as you ; fuch 
as, perhaps, are much better grounded 
than your's, and confequentl/ are much 
more diflicuit to remove. — No body, 
t thank God^ can upbraid me with de- 
vouring widows h<Mife$, leading cap- 
tive filly w(Mnen, ruining the jpeace, ^xA 
confounding the fubllance of families 1 
preaching up Cbriftj and playing tho 
devil ; blinaly recommending ch^ity^ 
and at the fame time goilty of the wcrlt 
oppreffioni by fqueezing out the lafk 
mite out of the packets of the poor« 
robbing, both them and the commuhity 
of their time, and exvltiiig the whole- 
i)me fpirit of induftryi to make room 
for that Aend Enthuiiafm $ blind, un- 
diftingmihingEathufiafm! afiend,tliat^ 
from the experience of all paft ages, ne- 
ver was let loofe among ^e multitude 
but t& do mifchief I miichief that knew 
no bound or end t wild and furious a» 
the fea» as treacherous and as deflru- 
^ive. — i feyi Sir, no body can up- 
braid me with being the caufe of fo ex- 
tenfive a calamity. — And yet. Sir, 
thefi^ and a thouiand things of the like 
nature, are irreverently faid of a cer- 
tain perfon that fhall be namelefs, eve- 
ry hour of the day, I believe in every 
part of the kingdom. — Neither are 
diey contented with gravely accufing 
this truly reverend peribnage of being, 
a publick peft, an incendiary of the. 
worft kind^ and a deceiver of the peo- 
ple f 

Digitized by VJV.J'V,^' 


±52 JTeikly EtSATS 

(de ; but thofe that have wit and ha- 
mooTy make him the conftant butt of 
both : when they hear of the prodigi- 
Ons Quantities of brafs he receiyes, they 
fay Le u paid in his own coin ; yfAyta 
they are told that he apes the charaAer 
of St. PomI^ they iav^ if he was under 
the lafh of the beadle» there might be 
ibme refembUnoe i when *tis laid he 
propheiies againft the gnai city^ like 
y^Moh, and is as angrjr that Ga/ will 
not truil him with the ifluing his judg- 
mentSy they recommend him to be firft 
thrown overboard to appeafe the ftorm 
of his own raifine ; when they hear of 
the crowds that follow him, they im- 
mediately take the hint, and calculate 
from thence the number of fools in Bri^ 
taitif and that as minutely and exaftly 
as the yews from k Jlate-httery. — To 
this they add a thoufimd humourous 
tales, of the knavery of hypocrify, die 
extravagance of credidity, and the 
madneis of fuperflition ; all potntcd 
and fevere, allexpofinethe craft, and 
tending to ridicule boui the fix that 
oreaches, and the gaji that make up 
his audience. 

The proverb &ys» AworJt§ the nvifi 
Msenourt; codequendy, I have no need 
to apply what mis been iaid : you fee 
phunly now your reputation will run 
no hazard by unidng your mterefb with 
mine ; but, on the contrary, if thae*8 
any danger of charader on either fide 
the qu^on, *ds on mine. I reallv 
have fome confcience remaining ; and, 
chough, God knows, a very grievous 
iinner, can^t help thinkii^ mvfdf much 
more innocent than a moaem iaint: 
but what have we to do with inno- 
oence? — Gain, I take it, byourgod- 
Hnefs, as it b my pnblidc fpxrit ; for 
gain I prafUie, and you preach : let 
gain then, mutual gam, be the cement 
of our alliance ! let us fiiirly divide the 
mob between us, as ^rize-fighters do 
the houie ; the fleece is laige enough 
lor both : neither need we in the ItsJk 
interfere in each other*s trade. At 
the theatre, mnfick and a prologue in- 
troduce every new play, and keep the 
audience in good humour *till the cur- 
tain is drawn up : this part of the en* 

«f JUKE i7i§: 

tertainment is all I defire tot my Ad^ 
dnw and myfclf ; and when you in 
ready to mount, we^ll inftanthr refign ; 
onleis you infift on the afbrefaid fiice- 
dous (jendeman^s fetdng the p(ahn,« 

one of the Rev. Mr. fF ftorlkt^ 

con $ /*s hymns in its ftead. I 

can afiure vou. Sir, JmJrrw has ao ad^ 
mirable talent that way I cantwaagit 
thioi^h the Bofe like a 5c0Cf org^ ud 
put on a face that Hugh FiUrs hiiniell 
would have been ch2rm*d widi. %f 
this means one flage may do for boch^ 
and our miracles keep pace with eid 
other. To which let me add, by wi)r 
of hint as to private pcafdce, t» 
when I perceive my patients iy«rfAfi 
m fend them to you for feiritual ciob' 
foladon : converta are ealily ma^ ia 
the hA moments, and a will nuiy te 
drawn as mitMca/as you pleafe. (k 
the other hand, as one good turn d^ 
ferves another, when you find the Ai^ 
rittooftroogfortkefldhs or,iaodKr 
words, zeal becomes madnefsy kd 
your lunaticks as fafl as you make diefl 
to me« I can bleed, purge, fhaveia^ 

diet as well as M , and you UnB 

havea fhare of the profits into the bv-^ 

But oerhaps, in anfwer to all dus« 
vou*ll lay, you are letundng to t)i0 
orethren m AmHca^ to enjoy thefivo 
of all your Uboors in the Lord. Ic 
maybefo; but will not a new £4^ 
ante, with a doable portk» of i^ 
i|>irit, to flkS in your room-? I doa*! 
qneftkm but there wiD. — Theitdiof 
avarice and popdarinr works as ftroif^ 
ly as infoifation Itftif; imd as yoo hi^ 
met witn Q> plenteous a harveft^ ^^ 
not to be queftioned butodien willM 
found who wiU be gbd of diegleu' 
ings.— To them then let me have the 
honour to be join*d, if not to you: Wh 
as I hinted alxyve, our way lioB diroogA 

the fiune road, andthefamefctofjj^ 
dents icrves for both. I am, withtlig 
moft cordial affcdion^ 

juvetnuf bntietp 

Ymr fellm-iiAmir, 


by GoOgl^" 

STeeily USSATS in JUi^E fjr^: 

t^lfgreni* kfiweev a^arty^ and a Fa^i- 

^htfug bifween a rarhjjtnd a F^tSfi- 
sr; thtfrejilfit)itU€ofWbiggifm^ &c. 

^T^HB words Par^tt and Facti- 
JL olfi \tj tnng dftn oM as fjr«- 
tocwiiiilfNBtenBfl, the ideas property iBi'- 
iieflodtoetdiiif themiwrc factfniocuielr 
mAsnfc^ tHatJt bbconiei aeccflaijr 
^ ttplan tkeiit. . 

BfPtatf^ asl linderihirf^ ftnibof 
lie ^^rdL end f tUak I oifild ftt>^ it 
i fittdi the £ii|f4# IdAory; was always 
I neani^ AiiaiKN]aldi^ifion«ropimon8) 
I fanoerntiig the /Srii and airtWry* jv* 
l%r»iiii^/ Ar tic heodk of the ^iM 
^ cMMOBn!!^ fififiordiiq; to the diiTerent 
jwfgpf ifiirts. Of taen 9 that tBttr ebttrar^ 
Hifirio A&felfrmdda^ sib the motive 
tr twif nf^peAfveiraiaDSy dtftjagoiflitd 
die Avtjr 1 aad iktttifjbi ^ui mk 
m^ hmai He tm i That froia the 
flKtent tktt contention ior the nalifer* 
^ioe dr 4Bf 'CDintcjr was ^hwn op b^ 
Btfvi iateAed nfith ffonn sod a ^^m^ 
$i|^ikim»» ifta ijjhich oidf 
Ib^ haame a 'Fe^iM : ibr I conceive 
aySiAanr to he a ftt of nien armed with 
fRCMT^ end ediag nfxin no one principfe 
^i-fartf^ dr any addon of fAhtkvmi^ 
hot ao pdorve aad fhaiti the fpoSs a« 
moegft iAm^/tej, as theif onfy oeawmi 
Qiat tiief may be aUe to docroy thing 
I coM U ai y fie the imaeft of the nutkA^ 
aed the faaoiafit of the nt^ fetfb.- 
Tbi^h^ltQtfis^z.faSkint afld-dioqgh 
fane parfeoamay tahs ft ill fioiie caSed 
\ff HmintaAi\ )Wt it is doing them too 
iuidi hooeiar tojpvethem even fdch a 
smdc of ditinAien, wUeh aitfes oidf 
ftom the politenels vf die preient age, in 
Older to maiadfy ei^ wiet^s rircuesj 
and kfin eaa otber^s primes; by a fdft- 
or denomination. — taahm is &andad 
i^naftaneDf MPdr, aswtllas/tAM^ 
£r. Many perions may partake of thi 
hugr :1»t i&imemkHianit fiumMevef 
•if^ thfe whole power and di(bibdti<* 
cm of all .^$n bMnti^ and mbir emiPi 
fmamsy m onfar to create an abfokite 
dependeaoe upon hhnftlf, wkhont ftif- 
fawg even iiis /^mcr topamops^ 

With kirn in that rejft&i what 


woold hk/elim^JhyoMts be, how^cit 
dmufied by birtb^ Htks, embjfmentf^ or 
m&iWf butthe abjeft tools and parth* 
Isapsof thai moty and his iBufirim tmje? 
Whenever a nation is reduced to fndi 
a wretched fiate, every man wooJd fee 
it^aadfedit: thecamft; aswcUast^ 

iS emdna in every branch 6i govem- 
siieat^ wodd open the eyes of the /«^ 
iiri and fhe^^i^ maft not only laiow 
iti but bear their teftimony of it : te 
if eterewiMMrflioaSd, ibrmanyyeaft 
mgpthei) haire the Me difpofidon «f 
every thing lU the dfH^t tiie imv^, the 
/ttw, the (SmKhi 8^ tbt ri*vinM», with^ 
6iit fuffeiing any perfons tofhare witk 
him^ even in ttetr frtfer departmentfi 
woidd it notdcscaliw) marmorslmd Goni>^ 
nlainfiB fibm Us otue tfedomnsi Plough" 
heiKlonld hav^ aflhmed to himfelf ah 
Af ' iiifi^ foMtti for a Ion? courie of 
yean f—«voiild not rii^ «(%o bear the 
kujt^ .^hen they are aied only as oma^ 
memtt s/ advuei and mmmes tf fower^ 
ibmetimes lament their ontm cmuUtson^ 
ahd atit fiau Mf the ^ati^ f — would 
{hey not compbun isM, ojke man alone 
en^flbs the whole management to 
Ittaifelf; that Mif iMi alone advifts, sCnd 
BO body eUe dares fpeak his genttine 
thoughts in a certdin fiace^ though it 
was never £» neceflkry for the preserva- 
tion of his omlntry } — ^This is unavoid* 
able : for give men the pay of gna$ ' 
fiacety and their pride wiU be always 
iqproaehm^ them With the contempt^ 
which dieir want of power creates 1 
Snoe they are even robbed of the err/ of 
fyujUanty^ and feducedtothe neceffity 
^ idfimiatiMg only thatithey either ai^ 
nnfidy artfp!fedaaymesLfim4 beineo* 
bUsed to /peak or vote for it infmbkckf 
Mifrh/at^lf afli Whether they <:anie cm 
tolei;ably well. — Woakl not the whole 
^ueilpaid aad MjckUn'i forty be daily 
gtvmg eviflenees ofit f They wotdd like 
the fdy^ bat not the meajuret, Hiey 
wound wifhfigly leceiVe the tftmey^ ana 
part with nothing for it Redo^ion of 
Awrtf, bhertyi and t^terj thing Ate that 
]• dear to martkhid^ would be very a- 
gmibk tothens provided they €oald 
P p . keep 

254 .«^^*^ ESSJrS 

keepilim purcta fi m mMf j . Theywoold 
^Wjelit and have ibmething wtrth/ef- 
Hm^ S the dangers of which thev would 
*<lran burft' forth, and explain their Ari- 
^Mte efimoMs diredUy contrary to tneir 
£(nct its way through all oppofition, and 
give the ibul a breatliinff, by the hopes 
of a better change. — ^The penance they 
.do» and the iacrifices they make to the 
Mmes of their country would be evi- 
dences againft them. — But whenever 
they feel themfelves actuated by natwial 
motiws^eY would be told in an inibknt 
manner^ that thtjf had neifimMcbgi'uen 
ibem t9 feel thimselves the 'very 
dowers i9 which they tvoHld he expe/ed, 
snathe fear (fheimg ofn§ hfger ujfe : for 
^orrvftwti in fradice^ can be carried on- 
ly to a certain height* before it muH be 
loft in refirmaiim efabufet^ or arhitra" 
fy f»wer, — The more expenfive a m» 
mfier is, the more he deftroys the nuam 
tf eem^tiom* — If the awrr /^ created 
the more honour, how many are more 
honourable than Kfarnggler^ and d^Jmug*^ 
gler more than a comtum folditrt who is 
obliged to light for his conntiy, 2Xfix 
fence a-day ? yet we fee that the Uift^ 
from the effedt oi good di/cifdine znApayf 
is ready to march upon the moft ddpc- 
rate enterpn2ses, at the word of com- 
mand. But if he happens to efcape, he 
will complain to all the world of the 
raih and ill condud of his G^«r«/. This 
is exadtlv the cafe of every mtrctnary 
band : Kir though they are obliged to 
obey their cemmander^ for the £ke of 
their pay ; yet when he puts them up- 
on unneceflary and dangerous iervices, 
they will endeavour to juftify them- 
ielves, by expoiiog his mimianagement, 
and can never love him afterwards. 

What hath been already (aid is fuf- 
iicient to point out the dillin^on be* 
tween ?arty and FoBion ; but mofe e- 
fpecially between a National Party^ and 
being the fervile foUowers of one man, 
who can therefore be intitledp at moft, 
to Che denomination of the idxnifierial 
Party. — Some things are beft proved 
and illuftrated, by putting them into 
opposite lights, and comparing Jmaii 
Utings wich.^/]r«/.-*- As iaoh may ba 

h JUNE fjif, 

coniiderM the adminiftfatioir and im^ 
peachment of the Duke of BacUeig^fitam^ 
m the time of K. Charles I. iPnuEt 
thence we may learn, thax^aces, wbea 
once given, were looked upon as grant- 
ed fnasadsM fe hem gefftrinti wluch 'm 

at length obounM for the 7«4^- ^^ 
nature of the thing alone implies it& 
for, what is the intention oi creatiag 
places^ but to do the bafiiids of tkv 
publick, as long as thev aft aocoidii^ 
tojuftioeandequtfv? Indeed, looe be* 
fore theie times, tne Judges had tea 
made more ufeful to the crMvn, and de- 
trimental to the ftopU^ by oonuaifiooB 
daring pkafare. But we find that aS 
other places were look'd upon in another 
light at that time, tem the veiy artJdcB 
wthis impeachmem^hy icUing^andeven 
hayina places kihimfti^, Theardde 
for felling the Lord^reafrnr^t frfaoe to 
theEarlof Jli/i^UZ^x, for 20,000 /.in 
the reign of YiJJams I. may feem very 
odd at prefent. 72ir King cam dona 
'Wrong ; and therefore it was laid upon 
the Minister: but hiftory info i ws 
us that the AiWhad theMim,and fold 
the place. Ttes* is probably the firft 
precedent of a AiWs foUifig his Treet- 
jeer's place. — ^ I leave the reader t» 
judge whether this hath not been finely 
improvM fince, to the great emohmient 
of the rmwr, and eaie of the fufajeft. 

This Treafnrer Being fellcn into dif« 
grace^ could not then be removed bat 
hy an accufation* in parHantent. — It 
may be thought too great a d^reikm 
to pnrfue this point any farther; and 
thotfore, to ftiorten the whole, which 
would a£Ford many obfervations, I will 

quote only that put of Sir 7«^ ^^^'s 
Speech, in which he fums up the im- 
peachment againft the Duh. 

** I obferve a wonder in policy and 
in nature, how this man, fo notorioos in 
evil, fo dangerous to the ftate in his 
immenfe greatnefs^ is able to fnfalift of 
hitnfeff' and keep a being. — To this I 
aniwer, that the Duie hath us*d the help 
o£ art to prop him up. It is apparent 
that, by his>irZ^, hehathraifedaparQr 
in the cm/rt, a party in the^Mmft^, and 
a maiB pai^ in the chief plam if go- 

Digitized by VJV_7V_7V LV 

mekfy E^SATS /» JUNE 1729^ 255^ 

mtheiinfdam; fo that all the hath been faid npon that fttbje^ abea-^ 

Bioft ^Seferving offices, which require dy. Bat it is in^offible that the nation 

abilities to dilcharge them, are fixed' (honld preierve its liberties, or even its' 

upon the DuJte, his allies and kindred:' very being,; whilfl. their /tiaojand their' 

and thus hath he drawn to bimfi^;bis' <u»a^>& are given up for the fobfiilence » 

^fismfyt and dependents^ the powtr of. of ^mmftirial tarty only. Nothing. 

jn/Hcty the power of honour^ and the' can make a ftana againfl them, unleS^ 

power of ammand'f and, in efiedt, the. the nvhole feofle unite, when they feelt 

voMe fetoer of the kingdom^ ixyth for the tSkOa otix, iHr&ne natitmai party i > 

peace and wiir, to' fbengthen Jus allien fbra^/irly founded upon^«mi;^/»Mr,which * 

and in fetting himfi^rxp^ hath fet upon . always cxxer^prerogativey as we have 

i^.&ngdotr^s re^uennes^ the fountain of ieen in^»r^'/i^jbtf»»'srca{e,was thecauife \ 

fipply, and the aenres of the land. — > of the ^ture miferies of the peopky and 

! & intero^pts, confumes, and exhaufb the misfortune of th^ Prince. 1 he ne- 

ike s^an M MMes of the crown^ not only .to ceflary expenoes a£^rwards, in order to ; 

ikiafy JUs own btfifkl defires^ but the iwe ourielvcs finore that load oiprero- 

honerytfothersi aind by emptyiiw; the ^«/mv, hath phic'd in the crown; ois 

vans^ in which the blood mo\ilGrnm, minifter, another power of governing, 

ke lui£h caft t)^ body of the kingdom which I need not mention. The de- • 

isso an bigb confianption.^'* Bsiflno^rtb^s fires of all people, as a body, fhould > 

uileSim^ anno 1626, p. 354. therefore betio pieferve the nation free . 

This was the language of farhameniy and flburifhing, fo as neither to be en- 

at that time; and Tufteiently (hews to fkved by Toy prertgative, or Wbigcor^ 

ihe nation, at prefeat, that in fuch a ruption. 

fitnation all the under-aaersy with theiF It is in vain to think that this nati- ^ 
pe^y-m^hr at their head, can be «only on can ever preferve itfelf from the ex-> 
odled his party^ nor ot^t to be treated cefs of either tf^thtfo meansj efptcially 
in any omer mannef by the whole na- * of both united^ as long as they continue 
tion. — 1 do not mean to draw any par a- divided people^ by idle names anid aif- 
nHelt Sx the Dniet^ Buckingham \na fisrd diJHnaimss. The practices of their 
hot a novice in politicks, and had not le4iders have too often fiiewn, that the • 
leani*d tfaeart or trafiicking with all the omtentionisonty about different means - 
three legifiative Jiaies ; wmch, dsough of obtaining abfohitB power for them- « 
it is £der for a ndnifier^ deflroys all ,^^i and their au^<»% The good of the 
ktypes of relief to the people. whole hath been often intirely negledt- 

Our hiftory , were we to tmce it down ed by the minifters of bothdenamnntions^ 

farther, would fully fhew the. diflinfti 
on between party ^ with regard to na- 
tional opiniom, as well as faaion\ and 
sporty ^ ONE MAN againft the whole. 
—The minifters of Charles II. 


and all their court made by iacreafin^ 
the power and riches of th&trvtcfl. This 
ought at lafl to convince the whole na- 
tion, that our smhapfy diftinSions are 
the diiB^ent means, as power prevails, 
tothe(ecircumfbmces»fome- ,by which a nsinifter does whatever he 
* a Fa^un; and during one peafes, and the cloak that difguifes it 
to his 0(u;»/iAyf^. But nothing can pof- 
fibly fave our Hherties-ax prefent, nor 
fecure them for the future, but uniting 
in one national party^ which moi^ be for 
the publick benefit. In fuch a cafe, 
badmeafures could never meet with ap- 
probation ; nor would a party-name fan- 
ftify every a£lion. Men, who keep the 
flames alive, as. means of riling inta 
power, and fupporting themfelves in it> 

UigitPcmy ^T«^i^/ V I ■■ WOUld'- 


period of time, a Cabal, by a witti- 
cifm aHu(£ing to their names. * Lord 
Datihy was a more abfohite- minifter 
than anv^ before him; and, as Biihop 
Bnmet viy^y ysudx^ 6.. numbers rather 
than heads. The particular fituation 
of aEiirs at that time, with refpe£b to 
mUgion and the cottrt^ occafloned the di- 
iiii&on of a Court and a Country Farty. 
ThP names.of Whig and Tcry have »- 
taUy divided us e\'^er fince^ and enough 

It56 fFeekfy E&SATS 

«vo«UeiyiaukI^ mmt witk pdhlt, or 
faxasc dii«pp«ntin«nt % iMt nnmbcn 
woaU aokifer Mkm ihttm is bimd 
sppfobAtioiiB of CTOy thti)g thcjr (ndj^ 
oaly bBCanfe tkqr did at M tfabfe 
hMa» which aiife to bid ipM» horn 
tlie party^oaioiofitics amoi^ the 
ffe, miiftbe loft* HftYe we not 
cieatly experiaKsdaiidJelctDe nue/hr* 
vma of oar laihappy dirifiom? Cm 
smy thing dici |mt a mHimuJ Mawamt 
tjh preferve qs Irani fuch s dduge of 
fmrwfikmf Havenotall, who ^fc not 
iwnifrgeq in it« gnneii |he Hiongw 
proof of thrir cndufonn to prtvcui it| 
aad the beft i^imAcet littt ncncanpol^ 
fihiy give Ibr their futOK aaionti lliejr 

iVJUNE 1735^; 

vtiU hftve more, tltu a tuBlhttiM | 
wdkilft tbefl*lfr/i«|iiilihe • /id h , c— i 
tfanelly lofipgirai^t vkhootaajv BMii 
ji0Dffioii lonaflnin thr hfebuMe i fc 
tlMt in aoeitMiLpnaciifil of ciflK^ fkm 

tkin^aid .th»iMraot%/iir^ ^cm** 
tintt«itt trnftymmit tfpifii^ m s A hm 
otaiemeti»|MifdlaieAtL rum %Kmm^ 

lift TBB' KiH«]>0M ^ *^ Cl^lfr tfikt^ 9f* 

. Mto/ktigmafUn^ ha^tttfapF hen 
ooMUiABd ooooidingtiitBe peiiiciplei w 

OBSy^y-cndtiBg #Wnei^ vd reaaDa|| 
theheide^f J^frfti; bykeepii^iipa 

have quitted ikutflai9y 
and tpvmrict are limoted lio fac gratifi- 
ed. It is in vain tqa them to dppefe 
any longer. Notfainc can item tiie tw^ 
rtnt» hot an otter abolition of all y9r* 
iiwr /tfjpf^^^l^M^Uaify and the whofej^^ 

J»le uniting for their own preierration. 
nfnchaoire, K'rtfktmaiimv!0i§9tgk 
follow; ttidwefhoiildfaccoai0Mr^w 
fkf too powerful lor any mmJUri^i 
pMrtf whatibevev. 

As there are ftill ipn^ honeft, wcD* 
meanii»iiien,anioii|^ the IF^/, who 
cannot fociake their fbcmer. notion^ 
with relation to poUick atfain i wdro 
think that becaofe dMy ^vere once cafi\i 
Wbigf^ they moft ahn^ be HTtigt^ 
and tnat th^ now govern, becanft on e 
aftoallv governs, who was ftiraerly e- 
fteemcafoi I ihall endeaveor co unde- 
ceive them in that point, wfai^ will 
farther prove what I have advanced. 

To diftingniih the fnmnfh^ which 
eoyems, oo^t to be ftaled and dear.— 
Is it the principle of Wbi^m that hath 
the afcendency ) -^ If it ia^ Jet it be 
ihewn I and that any late aKaferes are 
fonndeti on, or coafi^t with Aat frht- 
cipU, — But does not the max, who 
governs, confers, avow, and boaft that 
He governs hy corruftmm^ for the ikke of 
his party f-^ Hath he not told ns, by 
the mouth of one pf hishirelings, ** That 
if the profit of ferving the puUick in 
fiacet be computed at any fnm, and 
this be raifed eqoallv opon the p^9pk^ 
tbai party which is admitted inta tiufti 


and rtwltylyaig 

thefa, I fiwv tl 
principles of «nhg;f^ WhatankhBaof 
hberty do th^convey to oi^ vdMtt we 
ktt a dicty r m> ^fk»^ in the tiie of 
an akfiiitu MKuaxk^ pmnitng m m 
let the oenaMm coBveninm of life 
ea(« within ear doota^ Vbam gnev 
voas, how bucthealoBK, aad vvhae m 
oonnuid hare th^ ovenaU-ibe dcakts 
under their m4)iaien?- Eorwhnthm 
aUthafethkisibeendMief Not tain- 
flnenoe p^r&ammti, to be fin^ or ao 
prevent the vaki if sAr suieMi 
Wrdi-— Deea any M^ fffaUf KflUL 
pri]|cipbs4tf hisyoengcr wiys, sod 
give one vebe, aoooeoine to what was 
uie funflanienapdpriicndeof thef^ 

Ic^ of hisemplofttentimaiediatc^ftl- 
Iowa, sad the perfiMi is mmMgg^df^^ 
-^ Wheie is Wb^i/mtmr^ but m the 
head and pockets of ser jmpi^"— What 
became .of ^higgifim, for thiee yean 
toother, under the prefent myal fit- 
ndy, vdien this oun opposVl even 
thing) Was it irretrievabfy loft, if it 
had not revived in hfmt-^Jkm my 
body fufler, or kfe his place,* let h& 
adions or chara£br be ever fo bad, if 
he flicks by htm, by keeping in warn* 
tenanoe his pablick mnd private iirqm* 
lanties? But is any manforgiveamio 
onpe votes according to his ceofcicncet 
— ^To do him joitice, he makes no Se- 
cret of the principles and mfe of his 



pat all phcM-givOB tamtmiin ^jMr* 

the pnhUck, nor an olii rofi ibl4 but 
li^ wMh^ iffttfUmUfH in tliofe com- 
jatffeoi. wMehr hove the 

the chief iofp** 

ir a ati^ craaoidfilaKe, cbs Ar^nr ,^ 
Sf, yam/9 (hait,^ tit Aititf*-carHer- 
0fS^mfi»n Cmrfy are all voy hoAGw- 
aMe employBiaitBy anci»fit cidy to be 
osocoiwiJlfymamkn^fat^atimi. The 
inrtt4^s ^^iSy and the hier^M 
CUnk xiakt mem^ ate tofcnbble for- 
iamf^cki and vote ibr the jMW9^«r.—' 
l%e vaift ^oiIbv of officcn in the ^rHif 
aacl Mv^^ - wt»ib'knQQfab]y feU rheir 
Ifva fof tte «Mftxioe> of their country, 
are thecaAfe aniiw^btedly tfae^iStw- 
|ik«r/ iuid rifnfotaaiivit 9f ibg fiotk. 
Of frthat Other afe can they bei in titeB 
t^lf pe«per Th«^ (B«^ not fiird v to 
i«oeive dieir f»y fer npthm^. There 
they May kam the firft onnc^k of ^W 
iifcifUne^ itton «KUch oieir whole fci- 
fUMse dcMtMb-s an iflip^oic obecKeace to 
the <mm of their • flttierior^^ l^hey 
kave thef« an opporiamiy of (hevring 
thoTe faits. jfifotn which iin(yjhey<»n 
tKffh to Iil0« There they maf iiker 
livife dilcoi^r fach a weakneft^ as n(9t 
to be (t any loniger to be tpofledj fbr 
\Rdk>oci^RHX)(iifl|andy that does not 
^eMm \Jis^^ cbcy orders, f»om the ^ 
Gemraiiamirto the jisk^^ Cmtet^ It 
ipvooid be a pU^ fiihw rf a tmnift^^ 
(as^was not ioh^ago moft (agadoufiy 
€)bferv*d) who would (offer them to 
aft as thev think iasthemfihves^ and the 
ftMcky ifiice it is T^ modi out of their 
province; and theie^re ought to be 
Oifeardtd afr flirsers up of mutiny. It 
is ceftaso th^M: no member ean po^bly 
. vote againft the ^fint mnifitr^ with- 
1 out having loft his underftanding, and 
even UtA knowledge of his trade. H^ 
is dieidbra reai^ed only fbr the de- 
jed of his mteUe€b, which plainly 
ihears that he can be of no farther fer- 
ficetothepabUck. lam^ 

S IR, 

in JUNE 1759. dffi^ 

Daily OA»BTTa&a» 5*Ww 7. 

'banger of confmnMne^ht Enemiis luith, 
tSe Trifodf of tbeluwfimm^, 

^nplfE nean arts and nufei^e •- 
I vafionsof the drudges of the op- 
p^on havp been ^ often ea^fed and 
<k>ttfwdy in mei« compaffion to their 
le(sdilcemiagreaden» that, notwith* 
fbadiAg ^ir indaunted courage and 
anaEaon^ c ifcqateiy » one can icarce a- 
void being fittpriled at the afZuranca 
with whic^ they hbour to have their 
dirty hive^ves againft coi^HuHon azMi 
gpwrmnent^ Prince siodPe^y accepted 
ae the fefoltof an affeahn forour idvi- 
rripi^ a«da Hnder reg^trJkycthe Mherfies 
ana fmtib^es of tMir ^ow-fubje^. 
With this view, Aey haveendeavoured, 
with incredihfe application, to lofe the 
name of the party they ace employed 
by, and, with defignv of removine all 
diitindions which siiift bring iipon Uitat 
the certain difregard and contnnpt of 
aii honeft men, they would gladly mix 
thcmfelve b among the old andinvariable 
friendsof liberty, — ^Thu% with their u- 
foal modefty, they acquaint then- read- 
ers, that the cairfes of the old irvrfion int» 
Whig aim/ Tory home heen kng renm- 
<9ed^ and mvery t^ijk man has etgreed to lay 
aftde the names of Pa aT t, fincethey have 
no knger any meaning. By which we are 
to under^nd (if the words have ai^ 
meaning at all) that, in oder to be wii^, 
yet mafi efleem all thofe friends to the 
lAtereib of Great BritainyVfhakpri<oate 
fuiews make them earned to be thought 
fo ; and, thatnoobjedion may arife from 
(heir being known enemies to this land,— 
why, truly, weare to lay aflde the name 
ofFarty, and confound the true and un« 
ihaken advocates of the Proteftant reli^ 
non and government, with men who 
nave exerted, their utmoft talents to di- 
IVrefs thefe realms, by fowia^ diffcnfion 
amone the people, and ftrivxng to ren- ' 
der odious alt who merit the gratitude 
of their country, and die efteem of the 
real friends of thofe reahns. 

It is certain, smd with pleafureit mufl 
be acknowledged, by all who rcjoke in 
the profperity of Great Britain, that the 

* ■ • ' Digitized by vjv_/<^/v I- Caufe 

158 fF^ify ESSATS 

caaffiof the oUMvifan into Whig and 
^[2»^ is happily removed : butrrtf^de- 
<5aies» and experience confirms it, that 
there is^everthelefsygreatcaufe to guard 

r' lit the publickenemies under every > 
diftindion whatever^ and, how- 
ever defirable a coalUim of parties may 
be, it will never, by the thinking part 
of LMUikin4» befuppofed to include men 
. whofe avowed principles tend to the fub* 
▼eriton of our nappy conftitution, and 
whofe conduct, from their firil entrance/ 
into the world, has been one continued 
/erUi oi murages upon whatever has tend- 
ed to the eilablilnment of a Prcteftant 
Succejimt. — No ; though it is our inureft 
tobtncomciiedf it is our 4Wl^ to guard a- 
»inft the injuries that muft threaten U3 
fiom the pretences of men with whom 
to exped an uniw to any good purppfe^ 
would be highly ridiculmsy a^ it would 
f uppofe thoie the friends of x^rxt coun- 
« try, who have long piqu'd themielves 
upon preferring the interefts of any 
neighbouring power before qur own, 
andwhofe treacberyh2A been too often 
detcded, their perfidj^ top frequently es^- 
poied, to leave room to fuppofe them 
finoere in any aheraiim ^fentiment the 
€9nfiant difafpmntmeyt they meet with in 
their natural cofmrs may have oblig^ 
them to icek refiigie in. — f^big and To- 
ry may be forgotten with £ifety, but 
fritnddxA fiMMp^will never be confound- 
ed, where a neceflary regard is had to 
the tranquility and profperity of a peo* 
pie ; it having been the misfortune of 
too many governments to fall facrifices 
to their owQ^^cM^^fecurity : for when 
the enemies oi a ftate can io far prevail 
as to have lYitfiippofitim of danger remo- 
ved, and th^mfehvesconfider'd asthe zea- 
lous friends of the people they feek to 
diilrefs, their defigns are in a great mea- 
iiire facilitated by thofe they arecalcula- 
ted to deflroy ; which fufiiciently vindi- 
cates the caution taken by the prefent 
adminiilration todiftinguifh ih&frignds 
of a ProteJIant pvuem^Ta from the tools 
rfafoBion^ wnich, under the fpecious^ 
covering ofbeing froiefiants themfei ves, 
labour inceiTant^ to promote the inte-; 
lefts of P(fin \ ^t l)^ing a truth lone a- 
gQpMjrchai'edby fatal experience^ ~ 

//f JUNE 1739; 

the namoi?rettfieaet^^9iim^^hwi 
is otherwife, has done more imnry to 
the Proteflantxauie, tliaa oooU have 
been accompliflied by nea deftituie erf 
that difguiie. 

Whmfbft, as the «mf of party is b 
difagieeableto the nulecontents,! know 
no way for them to avoid the odim 
cafl^qpontheoldTirMf, bat by proving 
themfelves nnbiafed fritnds to the?/*-. 
tefiant intereft i bypoiotingoutthe&ea( 
thfy difcovered wh^ the conftiintiOii, 
was in the moft imnvinent dangcft tiMir< 
oppofition to fuch ipeafui«$ a« tcwied. 
t9 fivour the defigm of Tremee.vA 
Bme, the inftances of their joy od. 
the happy efUblifhment of jthe iMwfe of 
Hanmver^i^affijiamce the v lent ID five 
the nation from the baa conEBquoK 
ces whi^ threatned oar liberties afkr. 
the latp mnaiuralrebolUm ; and, in iine^- 
the pains they have tak^ to rendfr die 
weight of govemmenteafy to hi$pr^. 
the meafuresof the adminUbatioD from 
the knowlec^ of foreign povwers. 

When the Gentlemea v(ho make the. 
principal %ure» and ^mpofe the gieat- 
eft number in theoppofitjog, flmi] make 
thefe thinffsappear. they wiU have ave- 
ry rational dium to t>e lightne^ of the 
f^matized name of Vetvr^ Tormt- 
with which, inallprobabiltty,tfaeTBiift 
difpenie, till JnA proof be produced;^ 
for, fpite of all emleavoius to firiti- 
tbemkives^ they mull: know that dtOK 
C9ndu£l has been irreponcileabj^ with 
any one fundamental principle of the^ 
Whigs 9 who have always been confitot 
with themielves, and have never, ioaay^ 
one inftance, ftooped to the infloeRce 
of the enemies of a Proteftant eflaUiih- 
ment, have never fought refngi ajnong 
Meal bodf could be in ptrfea beokh 
with a Patifi at its head. 

The calculationof Pf«f5^*«//and/V- 

pifts in Ireland^ lately pv&ifhed In ^ 
news-papers, though more favoaiaWe 
than any made befoie, feive»flx<»g7 
to inforcc the neceili|y of union aip«»g 
Protefbn^s throughout the Brih^y^ 
minions, and the danger of confcflo^ 

Digitized by Vjv^/v^^v iv. 

. -meify Is SAT 8 

i \ ft)ni' a generous indinadon to ncondk 
f Mamkindy to countenance alike all reli- 
>jgiotts differences, without diftindion : 
9'or» tho* moft ieds among Proteftants 
i^nay daini the publick prote6Uon, on 
: '^locoont of their exa6l conformity to 
\ cyoLT political eftablifhments^ the menv- 
l3ers <xf the church of Rme oupht to be 
viewed in a very different li^t: for, 
mhSk the former rejoia in £e enjoy- 
. nenc of their civil and religious liber-^ 
1 des, the latter receive the indulgence 
they meet with on^ as the return of 
put of their own anaent rights -, where- 
of the very favours exteiued to them 
Me tfie nature of obligations^ and, in- 
fiead of di^iing them to gratitude, and 
I a dotiliil htclinaiioH to fuffort the go- 
^remraent under which they enjoy p^- 
I sieges kipnd what an gfarftid to Pro- 
: UfUaUs in any Pofijb tountry 'wHfatever, 
i they efteemtnemielves as a people kept 
I oat of the poflqffion of a country to 
I which they ^und a claim on its being 
I ODoe onhappH^ over-run by the errors 
chey ftill protefs, and fiom thence an 
adr of reienttnent is viiible in men of 
that community onoccaiionsthat would 
prodooe a contrary behaviour in any be- 
ijde thenafelves. 

As the Romi/h Priefts think them- 
ielvcs, as th^ certainly are, the^reaf- 
tfi hfers \sy the refmnaHon^ it is not 
ftrange to find them uie every little art 
to regain an influence fo beneficial to 
, their community. — Hence they have, 
, for iorne years, been known, with the 
mateft application .imaeinabtei to try^ 
Snce the erron of their dodrines are fo 
generally underltood, and eafily expio* 
dtsAy to ^vead a fiivourable opinion <3li 
their tenets, by infinuadng AefinaHdif 
ference^ynth regard toeflentials, between 
the churches of Rome and England, 
and the great hardfhip of Pafifts being 
fiib^eA to any inconveniencies any other 
fubjedbaie exempt from; which, with 
ibme wdl-diijpofed, unwary people Jiave 
fo far pfevaiied, as to make tkem be* 
come the Eocho of thefe designing in- 
cendiaries ; and, by being known to be 
wholly difiiitereiled, have innocently 
bfoi^ht more people into aj>probation 
^tbc'Smjfiw&xvaicB, than any could 

/V June: 1739. . ^259 

have done who were opeiil/ member^ 
of that church. And this dangerous 
practice has gathered much countenance 
from the fcandalous behaviour of fome 
Gendemen,wha^after being many years 
nominal Whigs, on fome trifiing difat- 
pointmtnts have eipenly joined with tne 
avowed enmiei or the Froieftant cmfiitu^ 
Hon, the known friends ot Foperyi and 
abettors of every attempt to introduce 
arbitrary gorefmiient into this ifland.-— 
And thole fleps have been fropttty and 
very mituralfy fupported by the writers 
employed to afliit them i one of whom 
was remarkable for his fervency and zeal 
for the principles of the Whigs^ and the 
othtrzn6tonomPop^hcen£aryi both 
of whom,' by way of leflbn to their read- 
ers, every week Carefully enlar^ up- 
on the joint-labour and onion of inte- 
reibconcluded between them; toprove^ 
that, now they are reconciled, no diffe- 
rence whatever can be an objedion to a 
recondliadon between othera. — ^Theef* 
fe£l of this is dbvious : If they could 
fuooeed, every bar to the hopes of Rme 
would be removed i and Pcfery^ and all 
her gbaftly attendants^ may be Jafely im-* 
ported into this knd on 2uFroteftant hot* 
tom f and the friends of the reformati- 
on^ in return for their civility^ niJghti 
poffiblyj be allowed the liberty of lea- 
ving their country with the pofTeflton 
of their Uvesi — their properties would 
be wanted for other purpofes. 

Universal Spectator, June i6. 

Difficulty of behofuing ^wtU on an Ad- 
vance tf fortune. 

Vt tu fortunam, fie ndi te CAk feremus. 

TO poflefs the general efieem of 
mankindi is an ambition which 
moil people are fenfible of ; yet from 
fome odd turn in their temper, many^ 
while they would gam a univerial re- 
fpefl, are fo unhappy as to excite only 
oi&pprobation and contempt. To court 
popularity with peculiar induftry» is as 
ftrong a proof of an abje^ temper, as 
entirely toxiefpife it is a demonftration 
of an imperious one > but there is a me- 
dwcrity of behaviour which gains us 
the good^wiU of aUi which is, to be e« 


qii9% tofiphtraiit Co all, aoooiduig 
to tlKir diSeicBt tanks in life. Buc 
the ctifti luii4etaa€e to fach cctadua 
is zfttMifiiik, wUch makes people 
look on dMir inferkars #ith a loiMi of 
cxmempc^ and rtfsa entcrtiin « vc^ 
nean opinkm of thofc who an on an 
equality with them. Peribns of tUi 
caA of temper «ill alwajrs appear to 
the ieniible part of mankind ridict* 
loaflv ai&Aed» and ate AenifelV€B u 
ns othen mi^ fsem to be to them. Per- 
Ions who are bat a liftk touched with 
this humoar, may Intve prudence e* 
nough in a gieat meafure to oonceal if^ 
onlos thejr are particularly aJbded 
with ai^ accident which has a iftrong 
Influence on their pailkms, and makes 
them fling off fdl reftraint of thchr na» 
tund temper. It happens therefore fre- 
quently, that they wLo in one fbiieof 
life appeared civi^ courteous bumaao 
and well-biedi wUl, on any memtifitm 
cffirttMf, atfmmim in the buflneis of 
the world, (hew that they had before 
deceived mankind, and that they inre> 
ality can neither fed hnmsnity, nor 
pra£li(e good-mannen. 
. Whatcanbeaftrangernroof ofthis 
than the oondn^ of £,uMu ; who, 
while he wu a fhident at the Temfkt 
of a moderaie iortune, and little or no 
cxpefhtions of advancing it, but by his 
iludy of the law» and the ^re he 
might make at the bar, poflefled the fin- 
cere eflteom of aH who perfonafly knew 
hfan f and had therqpotation oraconi'* 
teotts good-natured (ientktoian» among 
thofe who only were acquainted with 
his charafttrbv report > But howibon 
>arasthis amiaUe^inion of himibr* 
ieited, whoi, by the almoft fudlen 
deaths of four or flveicbtionsi hecamo 
into the unexpedfid polTeffion of two 
thottfimd pounds a;^vear ? Eabmhs with 
laiafitimm changea bis fmamtrs ; in- 
flead of that oonrtBOOsaflobiJiity, which 
is the.charatenftkk of a man of fenie 
and diftinftion, he behaved with a mo- 
/oie kind of referved pride, which is 
the indication of a brutal temper or 
weak underftanding : his former ac- 
fuaitttance he tmat^iniufihA oeicmo* 

oious mwttc^ and w)iii Achfuaailidl 
of ridiculous cam|>ltifaiy» tkitih0|! 
looked with ^ on the wm^^h^on 
alittleeiev^tioiiin lite^ flMd^agei 
w:hat WHS emmm jfntfe and oMna tm. 
iUifmct. But with diis fibv 'kMsi 
firide he betrafed ft ftytUiiTi IvUchiK* 
^re feemed arerfo «^ his nuedie) M 
mmediatidy faedfaie an attpidRPtm 
the iw«cr of uMn in >Mi«rn airfrhiU 
on a>bratidfifi*»^^nth«ititemMi 
ofAMyi In flmr^ wbm hit fihaiii 
of fortune ibade htm abfoloH^M* 
fttiJkm^ he beemie a flmfi « aad lol 
the charaAer of a Ct ntkm ^ n^ whm ti 
had an opportnnitT of fuppurtog it ii 
the flftoli: exalted «^pee. 
There it a prided the bcart of ant 

which betinys ieMf •n4>m8i7^ec 
fions, diet wenay tjobm tfaiti^ 
hmks is not oTa difoofitiao pftsibr « 
himfotf. iSbrrfAM^ is the meftii^ 
timatetyaoqnamtndiKrJEib fou: {ftdisBi 
with y«n, diinks ^rith yoi^ ^§pivtBiiJlh 
yoQi yonaiebotbof tbemepBiifif 
of dbkfiire^ of the iamefwtyiapdH 
tickle of tlv iaae fet of aofmntmov 
afealaoftinfeparaUe: HtflttMiyM 
to-day arridfniany tn the paft? tm 
to you, careiles yon, joiw ymr catf 
vertttioA, makes remaivSklaughttieBd; 
and makes «vay indy take naticetkiC 
you muft htJ^rtitmUrfiUiJs:'^ 
mon^uw you iee faun in the JUl ^ 
pafles yon wkhoat the leaft ofafavsti* 
pn, he purpoie^ averts bis eyts Itf 
fear yon fhouU by* ^^^ ht^atm^ 
be of ins aoquaintanoe. — Whittm 
be tike ocodfen of this chaw ? ^^ 
can prodnoe laus fodden W^^-T^ 
Ss eafily difeemoi: He is «>w d^ 
fed inhb hK'dthmtbi, aid iiufalbag 
with Sir Tumthy Tawdry, Utf A«^ 
firt^ and my LxdfoffiMgm. -^*2 
ashei$aAf«tt# andtheitfefenotfttki 
inoft ibiid niiderflanding,ou^t^w*^ 
haMgende alkmed htm: Aittorgtf 
we defend the grave and lev^tow^ 
fim^iwbo, wbUe bei*^^* 
^ixaiir of ^ rcQr, khoura ^ fjfjjj? 
r9towr/,ta&s widi them^la yg^ 
them, diiKs wiib.theDi, »^ijf2 
thcii meaty c feoJuminte^*''^ 

Uigitrzed by V3V_/'^^Vl- ^' . ^^ 

«lii W liMiaftUt or CMpfad&nti 
tMt bim msu S/l Jami\ Jiejift 
nves a look^ aoid mom has fluaing 
beaveri feeaktohimy^he hall rj^rvr^ 
Mid in a ABny } — Whence* proceeds 
tills cotehft i — Ulai nominated to 
ttjhf —No; — Is faefKrodiSd'd it f-^^ 
No. -^ A 4ieamy perhape? — H» lui^ 
ftot cfce leaft e)ipe^tioB of one. -e- A 
preboKhry ? — Nojrof ^t. -^ Wliat 
can it be } --^ He dliiei at tte Ci^»^ 
Amr*s /ktMf, and Is todriidt a dift of 
toffee in theaftemoon with hk Dht^ 
fm^ mytordof**** After haviR| 
i|ttde my oMenratioiisonthefe neople, 
ilam not ata k>if to accoimt why Mr; 
trhm^ tnr hatter^ talks to me with a 
mrc *fcn^>rancieiii£ importatiQe at cti€ 
tee than another 1 1 eanndnf teS whe^ 
ther he ham earned home a inilitaiy 
tockaded'hit^ iw etckfiaAkk beateri 
or lAtAi^ heh» wilted ott a mef« 
duBB^ oTtLfcfsngfftak. of die'iMBsof 
eoBit • 'ftfy aoooraini^ to the fteno hS 
MS fcesi'ia^ ^nveiiant ini be contraQft 
a d^mtycnr niotificd^i whi^ si^^ 
him apeeidiar-if]hdr ^f lint remaining 

Bkttthis ibw of i3tlhayiflg ^(h fil 
^Merent*$oiidacb| is no^ lefi obfei ^abte 
among th^femakffSKi |haire known 
a new Bn0eb btad^- of a ^i^ <co^^l^ 
har^aflsnfisp eSefkonawomaa shtarti 
Ihe has walked with a more jsntee aifi 
and baa been in fueb dfepcomemplatif 
en of beii^ trfrferved by odiers, that 
ihehasnet &enift)lc todifeem her chief 
abquaiiitance^ tiU fl^ haa leceiyedthe 
cowiQiafion of a ytty \pvf Cowtevf. A 
new'fii&ion'dinatttua has hot a Ids ef* 
iicac^ on the mind of odiers. f eoaid 
not w other f aM^ bat wondei* wJiy 
Mift J'W^* my hiufiady^s daughter^ 
iNrbo Is a tompine feoghifig giili aboUf 
IbarteeD^ waB att of a fud<fen grown ^ 
demote as an old maid of £ve and thir^ 
\Y I but my lurpnsGe oeafed^ on recol* 
Icdiflg duit was the firft day of her ap« 
pearing in a mannta. Tho'* Mifs tan^ 
iTf isbut fbnrteeo^thatin nowavwea< 
teas the argomenti for I have- known 
the tcsj iame caufe have the fame ef^ 
tdBt on a woman of mnr and tweoty -• - - 
.\S could wiih that not only the litdt 

^aofoAsf ap p eamn ce of ail alevatlon 
in onr rank of lift wodd not have an)^ 
d&A on the conduAof my readers^ bat 
1 eahieiUy iieeomtnend it to themi that 
M any rol aeqnfifitionof fortnno^thef 
woidd bohaye "with a prudently ^aa^ 
tity of mind at may make their ibrtnne 
become them.— I cannot here fefbeaT 
biftrting a letter I feme time ago re* 
caived^ airi wSl fahjoln my adVice m 
a flofy, wh|ch| I hope^ wiUbaaGCsep^ 
ttbletoaSinyieaderBi : 

la4f nJlbqfi hi^aM(l las latt^ fet vf 
^ cqi^pagc i t&¥gb/k it a ^vMfffUtn of 
ffoirfinfi in fwryptfoir rtj^^jhi boi 
tb$ 'MlJoiMft t9 pi alw{fff intra^ng ibf 
m^m tf'J^ir j^iaij^t: or her mdaOi 

( . yii^fxinftantreaderi 

; ^ Euoqciii^ 

llie Aftpjr T mentieood woe Ai^f A4 
ttlimate ac^ataoce of the kM Sir 
^ibard SteiU dtn'd with him one day 
albr ho had been ktely married, and 
)«A thani^ VP ^tbmHifti His Udy tw« 
or three times at dhmer aiked him if 
bavfed tiie tbmndi that afternoon; te 
wbhrii ha only imiweredi Ojfiifi, 'When 
the taMe«eloth was -taken aw«f« Aie 
fidd^ WeB^ «f dfstr^ tit tM ihtibm^ 
ntaf. To wfai<lh ha again rf;>ty'd| fV 
Jhr^ fkf Jkat, -^ She droft a co«rte^« 
and tionfeOed ^ was in an eM^i and 
ftood reproved. — On her »etirin«» '%ki 
BiebarJ*3 Itiend thus addrsiled him I 
** Sir^as abfard as you^anfwor mighC 
feem to others^ I know yonr manner (0 
wcU|thatIamaAneddiere tsibmemo* 
ral infhuitionsin your word §^i *as iC 
muft be lome geiitlei hnmofOnt leproul^ 
dome the ftyour to