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Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes &^ Queries 


The Rev. A. W. CORNELIUS H ALLEN, m a. 

F.S.A. Scot., Conc Scot. Hist. Soc., F. Hugt. S. 


VOL. V. 



Printed by T. and A. CONSTABLE, Printers to Her Majesty 

at the University Press 


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Tombstone, Howff, Dundee, 1 1 

Arabic Numerals, 21 

Masonic Circular Letter, 26 

Arms of A)nr County Council, 55 

Brass Box, 67 

Old Seals, 95. 96 

Tombs of Erskines of Balgownie, 98 

Tomb of Sir James Ewat, 127 

Arms of Aberdeen County Council, .140 

Sculptured Stone at Crail, 153 

Arms of Stirling County Council, 162 

Dutch Brass Box, 171 

Old Small Pipes, 182 

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Price One Shilling June 1890 


Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 

Published Quarterly 
VOL. V. 


The Rev.. A, W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, m.a. 








Stewarts of Rosyth and Craigyhall, i 
A Highland Communion, . -9 
Dundee Tombstone, . . .10 

Scotland Yard 12 

Livingston of Dunipace, . .12 
Ix^tter from Old Pretender, . .12 
Notes from Dunblane Kirk-Session 

Records, 14 

Arabic Numerals, . . . .21 
On some Surnames, . ... 22 
A Highland Funeral, . . . 22 
Antiquity of Influenza, . . .24 
Marriage Recorded in Ac/a Dom. Con.,^s 

David Allan 26 

Ross Family, 27 

Old Painting at Crail, . . • 33 

Old Dutch fiox 33 

Persecution of the Clan Grcgor, . 38 

Hogmanay, 40 

I-ease of a Whisky Still, . , 41 


CXLI. Ogilvy of Kempcairn . . 41 

CXLII. Thomas Stewart, ... 42 







Steuarts of Dowally. . 
Family of Blackader of that 

Ilk, . . . . 

Cardinal George Innes, 
Lindesay of Crawford, A.D. 

1 190, . . . . 
' Toure of Straphillane, ' 
Family of Brown, 
Samuel Rutherford, 
Bulloch, Stobo, Irvine, Glen, 
and Baillie Farailes, . 



Replies to Queries. 

CIX. John Sobieski Stuart, . 
CXXIV, Patersonof Bannockburn, 
CXXV. Kant, .... 
CXXXl. Family of Napier, 
CXXXIX. Submerged Cities, 









Notices of Books 47 

Title-page and Indexes to Vol. IV. 


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Voi^. L 

z. (Dec. 1886) Marriafi^es, 1558-1628 ; Baptisms, I558-Z58s 

2. (March 1887) Baptisms, 1585-1621. 

3. (June 1887) Baptisms, 1621-1628 ; Burials, 1558-1603. 

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5. (Dec. 1887) Marriages, 1631-1736. 

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Vol. II. 

6. {Cont.) Burials, 1628-1644. 

7. (June 1888) Burials, 1644-1663, and Index, Ab-Bar. 

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9. (Dec. 1888) Burials, 1686-1697, and Index, Bur-Gam. 

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13. (Dec. 1889) Burials, 1726- 1749. 

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The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 



Stewarts of Rosyth and Craigyhall. i 
A Highland Communion, 9 

Dundee Tombstone, . . 10 

Scotland Yard, . . . . la 
Livingston of Dunipaoe, 12 

Jitter from Old Pretender, . 12 

Notes from Dunblane Kirk-Session 

Records, 14 

Arabic Numerals, . .21 

On some Surnames, . . 22 

A Highland Funeral, . . 22 

Antiquity of Influenza, . . •24 
Marriage Recorded in Ac/a Dom, Con, ,25 

David Allan 26 

Ross Family, 27 

Old Painting at Crail, ... 33 
Old Dutch Box, .... 33 
Persecution of the Clan Gregor, . 38 
Hogmanay, .... .40 
Lease of a Whisky Still, . . 41 


CXLL Ogilvy of Kempcairn . 41 

CXLH. Thomas Stewart, . . .43 







CXLin. Steuarts of Dowally. 
CXLIV. Family of Blackader of that 
Ilk, . . . , 

CXLV. Cardinal George Innes, 
CXLVI. Lindesay of Crawford, a.d, 
1190, .... 
CXLVII. 'ToureofStraphillanc," 
CXLVIII. Family of Brown, 
CXLIX. Samuel Rutherford, . 

CL. Bulloch, Stobo, Irvine, Glen, 
and Baillie Familes, . 







Replies to Queries. 

CIX. John Sobieski Stuart. . . 45 

CXXIV. Paterson of Bannockburn, . 45 

CXXV. Kant 46 

CXXXI. Family of Napier, . 46 

CXXXIX. Submerged Cities, . 46 

Notices of Books 47 

Title-page and Indexes to Vol. IV, 

Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors, 

Ail Communications to be sent to the Editor of * The Scottish Antiquary^ 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

272. Stewarts of Rosyth and Craigyhall. — In M'Kerlie^s Lands 
and their Owners in Galloway y vol. iii. p. 476^ it is stated that 'the 
Stewarts of Durisdeer were descended from James, fourth (but second 
surviving) son of James, fifth High Steward ' ; and at page 479 we find, 
* Whoever can be proved as the surviving senior of the Stewarts of Craigy- 
hall is the undoubted male representative of the Stewarts, and chief of the 

Here are some strange misconceptions. In the first place, the claim 
advanced on behalf of the Earl of Castlestewart would, if established, give 
him and the Earl of Moray a higher position in the family pedigree than 
that of a representative of a fourth son of the fifth High Steward ; and, in 
the second place, unless Mr. M'Kerlie is prepared to contest the com- 

VOL. V. — NO. XVII. A 

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2 The Scottish Antiqtuzry ; 

monly received account that Craigyhall is a junior branch of Rosyth, and 
to prove that it has an origin not only distinct froro, but higher than that 
of Rosyth, he can establish for the representative of Craigyhall no posi- 
tion above what would have been held by a representative of Rosyth if 
any existed. 

The following descents will explain the question at issue : — 

Alexander, 4th High Steward. 

James, 5th High Steward. 

Sir John Stewart of Boak>'l. 

Walter, 6th High Stew- 
ard, ancestor of the 
Roval dynasty, and 
of Mordac, Duke of 
Albany, from whom 
some persons consider 
the Earl of Castle- 
Stewart and the Earl 
of Moray are legiti* 
mately descended. 

Sir James Stewart, 
Styled of Durisdeer, 
fourth^ but second 
survivmg, son, from 
whom Mr. M^Kerlie 
that the 

Egidia Stewart, mar* 
ried Sir Alexander 

Stewarts of Craigy- 
hall are descendea. 

Sir James Stewart of 
Pierston or Preston 
(fourth son). 

Sir Robert Stewart of 
Innermeath and 


Sir John Stewart of Innermeath 
and Lorn, ancestor of the Earls 

Robert Stewart (second son), stated by 
Douglas to have, been ' ancestor of the 
Stewarts of Rosyth in Fife and of 
Craigyhall in the county of Linlithgow ' 
{Pecragti i. 138). 

Mr. M'Kerlie's principal mistake consists in supposing that the Sir 
James Stewart styled of Durisdeer was the ancestor through whom the 
Stewarts of Rosyth held that barony. The first we know of Durisdeer in 
connection with the Stewarts is that it was granted by King Robert the 
Bruce (1306-13 29), by an undated charter, to Sir Alexander Menzies and 
Egidia Stewart his wife {I^eg, Mag, Sig.^ p. 8, No. 31); and in Robertson's 
Index a charter of the same king occurs, granting to * James Stewart, 
brother to Walter, Stewart of Scotland, the land of Durisdeer in the 
valley of Neith, which Alexander Menzies resigned.' Even if this second 
charter took effect, there is no proof that James, the grantee, had any 
issue, but rather the reverse, for we find both Durisdeer and Enache 
(which was granted to James Stewart at the same time) went back before 
long to the Menzies family. There are two charters of Robert il, the 
first dated at Perth, 6th April 1374, granting Durisdeer, on the resigna- 
tion of Sir Alexander Menzies of Redehall, to Sir Robert Stewart of 
Innermeath (also styled of Schanbothy, and father of the founder of the 
Rosyth family) ; and the second, dated at Stirling on the next day, con- 
firming the resignation of Redehall and Gletidochart, made by the same 
Menzies in favour of the king's son, Robert, afterwards Duke of Albany. 
The Menzies family, however, retained Enache, for we find a charter, in 
1376, confirming that barony to Robert, son of John Menzies, as held by 
his father.^ 

It thus appears that the two baronies, Durisdeer and Enache, which 
Robert the Bruce granted to Sir James Stewart, passed into other hands, 
and this confirms the inference to be drawn, e silentio^ that Sir James had 
no issue. 

^ The barony of Enache or Eunach or Enoch remained with the Menzies family till 
the end of the 17th century. James Menzies of Enoch was served heir of his father, 
19th July 1667. (See also Acts Pari, Scot, for 1 661, vol. vii. p. 324.) 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 3 

The Stewarts. of Rosyth, who held Durisdeer for nearly three centuries, 
are descended not from Sir James Stewart, to whom Robert i. granted it 
before 1329, but from the second son of Sir Robert Stewart of Inner- 
meath and Schanbothy, to whom Robert 11. granted it after an interval of 
at least fifty years, and there are no other * Stewarts of Durisdeer ' who 
can aspire to the position Mr. M'Kerlie claims for them. 

As very little is known of the Stewarts of Rosyth and Craigyhall, I 
shall transcribe the substance of the only published account of them, viz. 
that given in Duncan Stewart's History of the Family of Stewart^ adding 
in brackets and in italics the marginal notes that some learned genealogist 
has made on the copy of that work in the Advocates' Library. The foot- 
notes are my own. 

At page 188 Duncan Stewart states that the first of the Rosyth family 
was Robert, second son of Schanbothy, son of Pierston, son of Bonkyl, 
who got a charter from his brother, John Stewart of Innermeath, of an 
annual rent of ;£'2o out of the barony of Durisdeer (confirmed 20th April 
1385), and a resignation of the whole barony in his favour on the ist 
April 1388. Hugh Wallace of Craigie,* on loth March 1397, quits all 
claim to the lands of Ingleston in the said barony. In 1388 Robert 
Stewart accompanied the Black Douglas to Ireland, when Carlingford was 
taken and great booty made. He was taken prisoner at Hamildon Hill in 
1401, and killed at Shrewsbury in 1409.* He had issue — 

1. David, his successor. 

2. William, who got a charter in 143 1 from Archibald, Earl of 

Douglas, of the Barony of Kirkandris in Eskdale. 

3. Elizabeth, contracted, 1396, to Michael, son and heir of Sir 

Andrew Mercer of Aldie. 

4. Isabel, married Robert Bruce of Clackmannan.* 

5. A daughter, married Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig.* 

II. Sir David Stewart of Durisdeer succeeded his father, and, at Cupar 
in Fife, nth May 1423, got a charter of the lands of Leucheld in Fife 
from Sir William Lindsay of Rossy. He was knighted at the coronation 
of King James i.; and at Perth, 17th October 1425, got a charter of Pit- 
reavie.* He purchased the ancient Barony of Rosyth in Fife from several 
proprietors, and was thereafter designed as *of Rosyth,' for in 1436 the 
king confirmed a charter by which Sir David Stewart of Rosyth granted to 
Henry Wardlaw, Pitreavie and the third of Fordel. He also purchased 

^ Certainly Craigie in Ayrshire, and unconnected with Craigyhall. 

^ If Craig^haU be descended from Rosyth, as is generally supposed, then Sir John 
Stewart, the founder of Craigyhall, must have been a younger son of this Robert. 
Duncan Stewart, however, seems, with some reason, to doubt this connection between 
the two famil ies. ( See post, ) 

* Robert Bruce, first of Clackmannan, married * Isabel, said to be daughter, but 
more probably sister, of Robert Stewart, first of the House of Rosyth, killed at the 
battle of Shrewsbury, 1409* (D. P. »• 512). 

* Douglas gives this daughter*s name as Elizabeth (D. P. ii. 376). Perhaps she was 
first contracted to Michael Mercer, and subsequently married Sir William Douglas. 

* He had a charter, dated at Inverness, 24th Aug|ust 1428, to David Stewart militi, 
on his own resignation, of Rosyth and other lands in the counties of Fife and Perth. 
This b, doubtless, the * generosae probitotis miles, Dominus David Stuart de Rossisse ' 
at whose request the continuator of Fordun wrote the vellum MS. in the Advocates' 
Library, the date of which is 7th November 1440. (See Bishop Nicholson, Scotch Hist, 
Library^ 25.) 

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4 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Wester Clcish in Fife and Hershaw in Clackmannan. He died 1444* 
leaving issue^ — 
I. Henry. 

[a. Robert^ married Jonet Fenton^ daughter and co-heir of Walter 
Fenton of Buckie, He died before 1443.*] 
HI. Henry Stewart of Rosyth was served heir to his father in the 
Barony of Schanbothy, county Clackmannan, on the loth April 1445. 
He married Mariota Ogilvy,^ and had issue — 

1. Sir David. 

2. William Stewart of Briery Hill and afterwards of Rosyth. 

IV. Sir David Stewart of Rosyth, who on the resignation of David 
Burdmore had from King James 11. a charter dated at Stirling in 1450 of 
the messuage and lands of Easter Kennet in Clackmannan. He married 
Margaret Henries ^ and had issue ^ a son, 

V. David Stewart of Rosyth, who in 1488 mortified ;^io Scots to say 
masses at the Parish Church of Inverkeithing, at St. Michael's altar, for 
the souls of King James 11., and his Queen Mary, and for the prosperity 
of King James iii., and for Sir Henry Stewart and Mariota, his grand- 
parents, and for Sir David Stewart and Margaret Henries, his parents, and 
for himself and Margaret Douglas.^ In November 1490 he gave to 
his uncle, William Stewart^ of Briery Hill, the Baronies of Schanbothy 
and Rosyth, and died not long after, leaving no lawful issue. 

VI. William Stewart succeeded his nephew in 1492. He gave to his 
son and heir, David, and Christian, his wife, the lands of Schanbothy and 
Craigton in Clackmannan, as confirmed by charter of King James iii., 
31st January 1493. Who this William married, I fmd not\She is called 
fanet Mowbray, ^th May 15 13. She was probably a daughter to Bam- 
bougie], nor what issue he had, except David above named, and William, 
who was procurator for his father in 1509, to whom probably he gave 
Briery Hill, or to a younger son Adam. For in 1539, Helen Stewart, wife 
to David Lundie, is designed daughter and heir to Adam Stewart of Brier>' 
Hill, who may have been son or grandson of William Stewart of Rosyth. 

William Stewart, younger, lived in Edinburgh, and by a second wife 
seems to have been father of William Stewart, clerk, of Edinburgh, who by 

* Elizabeth, daughter of David Stewart of Rosyth, married John Bruce, fourth of 
Clackmannan. She probably was daughter of this David. 

* She remarried William Haket. (See charter dated at Calentar, 29th June 1448, 
confirmed by royal charter, dated at Edinburgh, 2d September 1458.) 

' She was third daughter of Sir John Ogilvy of Lintrathen (D. P. i. 29). 

* Douglas says that Mariot, daughter of Sir Robert Herries of Terregles, married Sir 
David Bruce of Clackmannan as his second wife (D. P. i. 513), and adds (D. P. ii. 731), 
that she was relict of Sir David Stewart of Rosyth. She was probably daughter of 
Robert Herries of Terachty (D. P. i. 727). 

* Janet, daughter of Sir David Stewart of Rosyth, married Sir Alexander Bruce, who 
had a charter ofHEarlshall in 1497, and died before 1504 (D. B. 511). She was probably 
a daughter of Sir David. 

' She was second daughter of Robert Douglas of Lochleven, who fell at Flodden 
(D. P. ii. 273). 

7 This settlement was confirmed by an Act passed in 1587 (see Acts, iii. 497), where 
the family estates are enumerated : Barony and Mains of Rosyth, Craigie, Gartpoor, 
third of Fordel, Culbate and Strabume, Leuchild, Pitreavie, Wester Cleisch, DundufT, 
Colstoun, Balnamoil and Monctov in Fife ; Durisdeer in Dumfries ; Corbies, Bacquhandis 
and Laitgrene in Perth ; and Scnambodie in Clackmannan. 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 5 

Margaret Bj^Henden* was father of Sir Lewis Stewart of , Kirkhill,^ the 
famous advocate in the reign of Charles i. 

VII. David Stewart succeeded his father, and died before 1520, leaving 
by Christian Erskine, his wife,^ 

I. Henry, 
[a. Robert. 

VIII. Henry Stewart of Rosyth, so designed in charters from 1520 to 
1555. He died before 1561, leaving by Margaret Douglas,* 

1, Robert, 

2. Henry, mentioned in 1573.^ 

IX. Robert Stewart, married Euphame,^ daughter of Sir William 
Murray of Tullibardine, and died before 1582, leaving issue,^ 

1. George. 

2. Henry. 

X. George Stewart, married Rachel, daughter of James M*Gill of 
Rankeillour, and died s,p, 1592.^ 

XI. Henry Stewart succeeded his brother, and married Margaret, 
daughter of Lindsay of Dovehill, and had issue three sons, to whom he 
tailzied his estate in 1592, and failing them to Patrick Stewart of Baith,® 
and his heirs-male, whom failing to Walter Stewart of Cardonald, Lord 
Privy Seal,^^ and his heirs-male. The Laird of Baith had a son who was 
taken prisoner at Dunaverty, when Sir Alexander Macdonald was. defeated 

' She was second daughter of Sir John Bellenden of AuchinouU, Justice-Clerk and 
Lord of Session, who died circa 1576 (D. P. i. 211). 

' Sir Lewis Stewart, knighted 12th July 1633, purchased Kirkhill and Strabrock in 
Linlithgowshire, and was fined ;iCiooo by Cromwell in 1654. He married (i) Margaret, 
daughter of James Windram of Libberton, and (2) Marion Amot, widow of James Nisbet 
of Craigentinny (see Acts^ v. 117), and had by his first wife a son, Sir James Stewart, who 
was served heir to his father, 17th April 1656, and married (i) Katherine, daughter of 
Sir John Morrison of Darsie ; (2) Elizabeth Dickson. By his first wife he had a son, Sir 
William, who was served heir to his father 22d February 1666, and died s,p, ; and two 
daughters, Nicolas, wife of the tenth Earl of Glencaim and mother of the Countess of 
Lauderdale, and Katherine, who married, 3d March 1671, Henry Erskine, third Lord 
Cardross. These two ladies inherited the estate of their grandfather Sir Lewis. 

' She was eldest daughter of Alexander, second Lord Enkine. 

' She was only daughter of Sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven (D. P. ii. 273). 

* Henry Stewart seems to have had a third son, Lawrence, to whom as brother of 
Robert Stewart of Rosyth, his daughter Isabella was served heir i6th July 163 1. 

* She was SirWilliam^s second daughter by Catherine, daughter of Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenorchy. After her first husband's death she remamed Robert Pitcaime, 
Commendator of Dunfermline, who was Secretary of State from 1572 till his death on 
i8th October 1584. She married, thirdly, Patrick Gray of Innergowrie (D. P. i. 146). 

^ He also had a daughter, Margaret, wife of Robert Durie, fiar ot that ilk. She 
and her husband petitioned in 1557 about the entail of Rosyth (see Acis, iii. 497). 
Robert Stewart of Rosyth sat in the Parliament of 1560 {idem, ii. 526). 

* Rachael M'Gill, his widow, married, secondly, Archibald Wauchope, heir-apparent 
of Niddrie, who was forfeited along with the Earl of Bothwell (see her petition at 
page 540 of vol. iii. of the Ac/s of ParliamefU). 

* Probably the same person who on 27th April 1608 was served heir of (i) Maijoriae 
lAndsay aviaexparte/atris; (2) David, Lord Lindsay of ByreSj/ra/rw/rioaz'i; (3) George 
Lindsay father of Marjory Lindsay, /n^z/f; (4) John Lindsay of Byres, proavi; (5) John, 
Lord Lindsay of Byres, frairis praavi, I am unable to explain these relationships. Sir 
James Stewart of Beath(?= Baith) married Margaret, eldest daughter of John, third Lord 
Lindsay of the Byres, widow of Richard, third Lord Innermeath. I find also that on 
6th AprU 1650, Patrick Stewart of Baith was served heir of Henry Stewart of Baith, his 

'• This is Walter, the first Lord Blantyre. 

Digitized by 


6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

by General Leslie at Kintyre in 1648. The Laird of Baith got his life 
from General Leslie at the entreaty of Major James Stewart of Ardvorlich, 
while all the rest of the garrison, to the number of nine hundred, were put 
to the sword after being made prisoners. His son, Harry Stewart of Baith, 
died without issue. 

Xn. James Stewart of Rosyth succeeded his father Henry in 1672 ;i 
he had to wife Margaret,^ daughter of John Napier of Merchiston, by 
whom he had, 

1. James. 

2. Archibald. 

3. Alexander. 

4. Daughter, married Winton of Strickmartin. 

5. Daughter, married Aiton of Inchderny.* 

XilL James Stewart of Rosyth,* married (i), 1642, Mary, second 
daughter of Sir Robert Innes, first Baronet of that Ilk, by whom he had a 
daughter, Grizel, wife of George Hutcheson of Scotstoun ; * and (2), 1649, 
Margaret, daughter of Sir George Buchanan of that Ilk, and by her had two 
sons. This James was very loyal to Kings Charles i. and 11., as is to be seen 
by a warrant under Lord Balcarres's hand for double quartering on his lands 
for professed malignancy. His house was possessed for the King's use 
before the Inverkeithing field, and was thereafter battered and surrendered, 
garrisoned, and plundered, by the English army, himself oppressed and 
harassed, and his estate sequestered and plundered. But all these things 
never moved him. 

XIV. James Stewart, the eldest son, succeeded his father, <* and 
married Maria, daughter of Sir George Maxwell of PollockJ He died 
J./., and was succeeded by his brother, 

XV. William Stewart of Rosyth, who made a frank disposition of his 
estate to his intimate friend, David Drummond of Invernay, says Mr. Sym- 
son, and died without issue at Rosyth in 1694, and so in his person ended 
this family.® 

is evidently wrong. ^ 
grant in the plantation of Ulster {Reg, Pr, Coun, viii. 336). 

' She was eldest daughter of John Napier (who invented logarithms), by Agnes 
Chisholm, his first wife. 

^ It is through this marriage that Mr. Sinclair-Ayton of Inchdairny quarters the 
arms of Rosyth '^r, a fesse checquy arg, and az, within a bord. gti. , charged with 8 buckles 
or.^ It is evident, however, that the descendants (if any exist) of Grizel Stewart, who 
married George Hutcheson of Scotstoun, must be preferred as representatives of Rosyth 
to the descendants of her aunt, Mrs. Aytoun. 

^ He was, on nth March 1641, served haeres vtasculus ct iallia to James Stewart of 
Rosyth, his father, in the Barony of Rosyth, situated in the counties of Fife, Perth, and 
Clackmannan, and in the Barony of Durisdeer in Dumfriesshire. 

' George Hutcheson was son of Archibald Stewart (the second son of Sir Archibald 
Stewart, Knight, of Blackball and Ardgowan), who married Margaret, daughter and heir 
of John Hutcheson of Scotstoun, and he took the name of Hutcheson on succeeding to 
Scotstoun. His wife, Grizel, was, on 9th October 1697, served heir of her half-brothers, 
James and William Stewart of Rosyth. 

'On 1st September 1675 he was served heir to his father in Rosyth and Durisdeer, 
as above. His resignation to Alexander and James Spittle of the lands of Leuquhat and 
Letham was ratified in 1695 {Acis^ ix. 514). 

' She remarried Sir Charles Murray (D. B. 452). In the later editions of Burke*s 
Peerage he is styled Sir Charles Murray, Bart., of Dreghorn. 

• The Laird of Rosyth was Commissioner of Supply for Fife in 1678, as also was 
'Stuart of Rosyth* in 1685, and the 'Laird of Rosyth* was added to the Commission 
4th June 1686 (see Acts, vol. ix. ). 

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This is all that Duncan Stewart has put in record about Rosyth. I 
have come across the following references to the family : — (a) John Bethune, 
second Laird of Balfour, married the daughter of Stewart of Rosyth. Her 
son had a charter in 142 1. (^)Nisbet says that John Dundas of New- 
liston married a daughter of the Stewarts of Rosyth (Heraldry^ vol ii., 
Appendix, page 147). This marriage is not mentioned in the Newliston 
pedigree in Douglases Baronage^ page 1 76, where John Dundas is said to 
have married Margaret Crichton. (c) Margaret Stewart, * descended from 
the ancient family of Stewart of Rosyth,' married John Dick, and was 
mother of Sir William Dick of Braid, knighted before 1642^ and said to 
have been created a baronet (D. B. 269). (d) Elizabeth, daughter of 
William Stewart of Kinnaird, * of the family of Rosyth,' married, 1630-40, 
John Stewart of Dalguise, who died 1653. 

I am uncertain if there are any descendants of Grizel Stewart, the half- 
sister of the last two Lairds of Rosyth. Her husband sold Scotston in 
1 69 1, and I suspect the family is extinct. At page 27 of Sir Robert 
Douglas's Baronage of Scotland it is stated that Alexander Colquhon of 
Tillyquhoun ' married Annabella, daughter of George Stewart of Scot- 
ston, Esq., brother of Sir Archibald Stewart of Blackball, Bart.' Here is a 
double error, for George Stewart or Hutcheson of Scotston was cousin, not 
brother, of the Baronet, and Annabella was his sister, not his daughter. 
If there are no descendants of Grizel, Mrs. Hutcheson, and if the Wintons 
of Strickmartin are likewise extinct, then the assumption of the Rosyth 
arms by the Aytouns of Inchdairny is not to be questioned. 


Duncan Stewart's account of this family is very brief and rather 
confused, nor do the notes of the anonymous annotator help much to 
eluddation. I shall reproduce both text and notes. 

He says (page 203) — *Sir John Stewart of Craigie Hall in West 
Lothian is designed consanguineus to King Robert in. by original writs in 
the hands of Lockhart of Lee, anno 1387.* He married the heiress of 
Craigie Hall^ called Craigie.^ His carrying the buckles in his arms would 

^ This date seems incorrect, as Robert in. began to reign in 139a There is a 
charter by Robert 11., 8th December, in the loth year of his reign (1380), confirming to 

1385, and whose eldest son had his first charter in 1423, and it may be necessary to find 
another origin for Craigiehall than the one stated by Sir Robert Douglas. If Duncan 
Stewart's suggestion that Craigiehall came from Sir Alan of Ughiltree be accepted, 
CraigiehaU's position in the family will be junior to Rosyth, and below that which Mr. 
M'l&rlie would assign to it. [One of the first causes recorded in the Acta, Pari, Scot, 
was heard in the Parliament at Perth, loth March 1429. Margareta de Cragy, with her 
prolocutor, John de St. Michael, sued Philip de Mowbray, witn his prolocutor, Jacobus 
de Lawdre, for the lands of Leuchald, lying in the Barony of Dumany, in the Sheriffdom 
of Edinburgh. The decision was in her favour. The retour quoted in a footnote that 
follows shows that these lands of Leuchald remained in the possession of her descendants 
tiU 1600.] 

' 'Joannes de Craigy is without a question the ancient family of Craigie of that Ilk, 
or Craigiehall in Linlithgowshire. They were ancient proprietors of the estate of 
Craigie, for Joannes de Craigie is a witness to Dundas's first charter in King David's 
time. After this they came to be desired of that Ilk. In 1367 Joannes de Craigy 
Dominus ejusdem is made mention of in the chartulary of St. Giles' ; he eot the lands 
and barony of Braid wood in Lanarkshire by the marriage of Margaret, daughter and 

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intimate that he. is come of Sir John of Bonkyl. [Adding in a footnote — 
Perhaps he was son to Sir Alan of Ughiltrie, second son to Sir jaines 
Stewart, of Perseton and Warwick Hill, Lom's ancestor. Mr. Crawfurd 
in his memorial of the family of Athole in the appendix to Nisbefs 
Heraldry says that Craigie Hall is come of Rosythe.]* 

The annotator here observes — [^Alexander Stewart filius et hares Joh. 
S. de Craigyhall^ 1406, ch, 1, voL 12, 8 die August 1474 • . .John Stewart 
de Craigy, 1465, chap, 28, lib. 7.J ^ 

' David Stewart of Cragyhall is mentioned ad annum 1489;^ his son, 
Sir John Stewart de Craigyhall,^ married daughter of William Stewart of 
Castlemilk, anno 1500/ 

[Alanus^ Stewart de Craigyhall^ 18 die Martii, ch, 286, lib. 14 ... . 
Jacobus Stewart nepos et .... Alani de Cragyhall^ iS3i> ^'*- 9> tib. 22.] 

* John Stewart of Craigyhall subscribed Bond of Association for crown- 
ing King James vi., anno 1567. Henry Stewart of Craigyhall is mentioned 
in King James vi. time [1587].^ Sir James Stewart of Craigyhall is 
mentioned in an old list of Knights of Scotland, 1603.' Sir John Stewart 

heiress of Sir John de Monfode, who had the lands erected into a barony by King Robert 
the Bruce, by whom he had only one daughter, Margaret, called Domina de Craigie, 
heiress of Craigie and Braidwood, who in 1387 married Sir John Stewart, whom 
King Robert ill. calls his consanguineas, a younger son of Sir Robert Stewart of Duris- 
deer, ancestor of the Stewarts of Rosyth, of whom came the Stewarts of Craigiehall, 
who sold their estate in King Charles i.'s time. They quartered the coat of Craigie with 
their own arms of the Stewarts. Though they be out of the estate the family is not 
extinct.* — Historical and Critical Remarks on the Ragman Roily Nisbet, ii. 39. 

* * John Stewart of Cragy * was a Commissioner for Inauisition in Linlithgowshire, 
1468, and attested a service 23d May 1479, and was one of the assize on Sir Alexander 
Boyd {Acts)y vol. ii., pages 91, 126, 186. 

' David Stewart of Craigiehail married, 1489, Helen or Helenor, daughter of iin>t 
Lord Cathcart ; on the i8th February 1490 the Lord Auditors decreed that Alan, Lord 
Cathcart, should infeft her and her husband in certain lands in the counties of Linlithgow 
and Ayr (D. P. i. 340). 

^ M'Kerlie says thaX James Stewart of Craigiehall married a daughter of William 
Stewart of Castle^^rM. Here iox James read John, and for Castlenorth read Castlemilk. 

^ A reversion by Alan Stewart of Craighall and Margaret Stewart, his spouse, of 
the lands of Damshoit, dated 31st August 1520, is mentioned in the Lennox settlement 
of 1581 {ActSy vol. iii. 250). 

^ This probably was the Laird of Craigyhall who, with Lord Seton and other pro- 
prietors in West iJothian, was appointed in 1587 to examine the Brig of Crawmond and 
report thereon. The ' young Laird of Craigie Hall * was one of the gentlemen pensioners 
or gentlemen of the Privy Chamber appointed in 1580, the Duke ofLennox being Great 
Chamberlain (see George Crawfurd*s Scotch Officers of State^ page 331). Harry Stewart 
of Craigyhall is repeat^ly mentioned in vols. viiL and ix. of the Register of the Privy 
CouftciL The author of the appendix to Nisbet 's Heraldry (vol. ii. p. 131) says that Henry 
Stewart of Craigiehall married Jean, daughter of James, Lord Ross. This must have been 
the fourth Lord Ross, who died circa 1501. In the Ross pedigree, at page 517 of Robert- 
son's edition of Crawfurd*s History of Renfrewshire^ four daughters are ascribed to him, none 
of whom is named Jean. In Wood's DouglcLs^ Peerage (vol. ii. p. 419) two daughters 
are ascribed to him, of whom Jean is said to have married James Sandilands of Calder, 
who died 1577. Henry Stewart may have been her second husband. Their daughter 
Elizabeth Stewart married Sir William Maxwell or Baillie, son of Edward Maxwell, 
Commendator of Dundrennan (third son of Sir Robert Maxwell of Terr^les, fifth Lord 
Herries), by Margaret Baillie, heiress of Lamington. The marriage of Elizabeth Stewart 
and Sir William Baillie prolmbly took place about 1590-1600. Sir William was served 
heir to his father 26th March 1607. He is ancestor of Lord Lamington. Edward Max- 
well, the Commendator of Dundrennan, is omitted in the Nithsdale pedigree in Wood's 

^ There are several Craigiehall entries about this time, which cannot be made to lit 
into Duncan Stewart's account. On the nth January 1690, ' Dominus Henricus Stewart 
de Cragyhall miles ' was served heir of Sir John Stewart of Craigiehall his father, *in terris 

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of Gr^gyhall was great-grandfather to Alexander Stewart of Newhal^at the 
Queehsferry, so that Craigiehall was lately represented by Stewart Qf 
Newhall, who is likewise now in a manner extinct.' ^ 

Here we part with Duncan Stewart ; and I would revert to a statement 
made by Mr. M*Kerlie (vol. iii. page 481), that the lands of Cally, in 
Kirkcudbright, were owned by * John, younger son of Robert Stewart of 
Durisdeer,' and were by him sold in 14 18. I cannot find any authority for 
this statement. The person who sold Cally in 141 8 was Sir John Stewart, 
Knight, Lord {jure uxaris) of Dalswinton and Garlies, and ancestor of the 
Earl of Galloway. 

Again, at page 483, Mr. M'Kerlie says: *We have shewn that th^ 
Stewarts of Durisdeer obtained the lands (of Cally) in a.d. 1387 by 
marriage with the daughter and heiress of John Craigie of that ilk,' but I 
suspect that the daughter and heiress of John Craigie of Craidehall did 
not convey Cally to her husband, and I am certain that Mr. MO&erlie no- 
where shows that she did so. Neither Duncan Stewart, nor his annotator, 
nor any other authority hints that the family of Craigiehall in Linlithgow- 
shire owned land in Kirkcudbrightshire. Mr. M'Kerlie refers (p. 476) 
to a grant by Robert i. to John Craigie of the lands of Girthon (in the 
parish of which name Cally is situated), but no trace of the grant occurs in 
the Great Seal Register^ nor is any connection asserted or proved between 
John Craigie to whom Girthon is stated to have been granted, and the 
Linlithgowshire Craigies. 2. 

273. A Highland Communion. — The following was written by a 
Bishop of Sodor and Man in the later part of last century,- and gives an 
account of his impressions when present at an open-air communion in the 
Parish of Kenmore, Perthshire. It was copied many years ago from an 
old magazine, and may prove interesting to the readers of the Scottish 
Antiquary : — 

' The Communion in Scotland has often been celebrated out of doors. 
Doubtless the Sacrament of the Supper, when solemnly administered, is 
an imposing ordinance, even in a crowded church ; but, in summer, during 
fine weather, when all nature blooms around, the ceremony, to my mind, 
acquires additional excitement. On the edge of a venerable wood, in the 
midst of a flower-studded lawn, how delectable to receive the Bread of 
Life. But when river, wood, and lawn combine — ^above all, if a lovely 
lake sweep among the mountains, and the church and churchyard are on 
the banks of the lake, can fancy devise a scene more fitted for the blessed 
purpose ? 

de Leachald infra baroniam de Dummanie ' {Linlithgowshire Retours^ Na 24). On ihe 
15th February 1609, * Walterus Stewart, frater Domini de Cragyhall,* was served beir of 
tail and provision to James Stewart, his brother, in the Mill of Cramond {Edinburgh 
Retwrs, No. 270). On 28th March 1622 Jacobus Stewart was served heir ' Davidb 
Stewart de Craigie avi atavi' {Inquisitiones Gtneraies^ No. 1017). Mr. M'Kerlie also 
refers to a James of Craigyhall, circa 1600, as having ' nuirried a daughter of the first 
Lord Callendar/ which is evidently impossible. It is, however, unnecessary to make 
further efforts to unravel this pedigree unless Mr. M'Kerlie adheres to his assertion that 
the representative of CragyhaJl is ' chief of the name * of Stewart. 

^ Craigiehall was sold in 1643, and the family then went to reside at Newhall, near 
Queensferry, which also was eventu^ly sold to Dundas of Duddingston. The descents 
of the Stewarts of Newhall are given in some detail by Mr. M'Kerlie. The last male 
representative seems to have died on the 24th May 1825. 

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' In the summer of ^ an £nglish bishop and some travellers happened 

to attend a communion in Breadalbane. The travellers wished to view 
'the scenery round the lake j the prelate, along with the excitement of a 
tourist, wanted to witness a Caledonian communion. Although the 
Church at Kenmore is capacious, they can sometimes celebrate the sacra- 
ment thus, and in dry weather the option is agreeable. 

' The tables and forms were placed in the field, and, after an excellent 
action-sermon, the services began. The rows of communicants rose and 
retired, and still they were succeeded by another band. Ever and anon 
the breathing anthem was answered by the echoes of the lake. The 
hanging woods waved verdant around, and the infant Tay seemed to 
murmur a solemn melody. Many an aged Celt took the Cup of Salva- 
tion. Many a tartaned maid ate the Bread of the Saviour. Health, 
harmony, iind solemnity pervaded the meeting. The birds carolled above 
their heads, the waves of the lake died softly at their feet, the blue sky on 
Ben Lawers shed a richer hue, and superior spirits seemed to look down 
pleased on the hallowed scene. 

' When the more solemn service was ended, " Let us," said the bishop 
to his friend, — " Let us take a walk by the lake, I want to relieve the 
swelling of my soul.*' 

* They crossed the beautiful bridge, they moved a little up the wood- 
skirted road to Killin ; " And what think you of this scene,'' said the bishop ; 
" I mean this Scottish sacramental scene?" 

* " I have been,' said the stranger, " in the fine churches of Italy. I 
have seen all the solemnities of the Popish worship ; but never^ never did 
I witness a scene like this." 

* " What with this lake and mountain scenery around, what with the 
simple seriousness of those poor highlanders, and what with the simplicity, 
the power, and eloquence of this plain Presbytery," said the bishop, " I 
never witnessed a more solemn scene. We have, to be sure, our instru- 
mental music ; but here the birds of heaven sing chorus to communicants. 
A hundred times during the service did I look up that sweet lake and 
fancy to myself that I was* on the Lake of Genesareth ! I shall never 
again despise the simplicity of Presbyterian worship." 

' '' And I," said his friend, " never witnessed a more cordial communion, 
all here is from the heart and soul. The solemnity of the sacred scene and 
the sublimity of the natural scene shall never be effaced from my mind." 

' They returned to witness the close of the solemnity. The benedic- 
tion was pronounced, the assembly began to separate, and long did the 
English tourists stand at the foot of Loch Tay, viewing the lake, the wood, 
and the mountain ; but most of all they delighted to mark the happy 
highlanders swarming up each side of the lake to finish the Sabbath in 
their respective habitations.' 

274. Tombstone at Dundee. — We give a sketch of one of the many 
interesting monuments to be seen in the HowfT burying-ground, Dundee. 
The drawing has been kindly supplied by Mr. Lamb, who has a most 
valuable collection of photographs and drawings of the tombs in this 
burying-ground. Perhaps A. H. will kindly furnish us with some remarks 
on the devices it exhibits in a future number of the Scottish Antiquary. 

^ The date is not given ; it must, however, be after 1770, when the bridge referred to 
later on was built. — Eu. 

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275. Scotland Yard. — Warrant to the chancellor for a patent in favour 
of Edmunde Tankard, yeoman in the privy kitchen, of 'keping of the 
ground being between the chapelle of St. Mary Rousivale nygh unto 
Charying Crosse and the place of the Archibishope of York of old tyme 
called King of Scottis ground.' July 17, 1462. — CaL of Doc rel. to Sco/., 
vol. iv. p. 270. 

276. Livingston of Dunipace. — In answer to *2*s' query (vol. iv. p. 
181) I beg to send a pedigree of this family compiled from an old inven- 
tory of writs of the lands of Dunipace, dated 8th October 1644. 

I. Alexander Livingston, younger brother of first Lord Livingston, had 
a charter from the Abbot of Cambuskenneth, on 20th November 1495, 
of the Kirklands of Dunipace and St. Alexander's Chapel. This grant 
was confirmed by Pope Alexander 11. by a commission dated at Rome 
5th April 1496. He married, area 1500, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir 
Adam Hepburn of Craigs, second son of Adam, Lord Hailes. He 
resigned the lands on 15th July 1514 into the Abbot's hands in favour of 
his son, 

IL Alexander Livingston of Dunipace, who had sasine on his father's 
resignation, dated April 151 7. He married Margaret, daughter of second 
Lord Elphinston, and had 

IIL John Livingston of Dunipace, who, as son and apparent heir of 
his father, had a charter by David, Bishop of Ross and Commendator of 
Cambuskenneth, upon his father's resignation, dated 24th March 1553. 
He had a confirmation under the Great Seal, on 23d June 1585, of a 
charter by the Archbishop of St. Andrews to his father, and on 2d 
November 1588 of a charter of the lands of Craigs, including Seabegs, in 
the county of Forfar, in favour of himself, John his eldest son, and his 
grandson John. He had (i) John (of whom afterwards), and (2) James, a 
witness to a procuratory of resignation by Mr. Henry Livingston, minister 
of St. Ninian's, dated 26th December 1606. 

IV. John Livingston, before mentioned, predeceased his father, leaving 
two sons — (i) John of Dunipace, who died before 2 2d January 1620, and 

V. (2) David Livingston of Dunipace, the second son, retoured heir of 
his brother John 22d January 1620. He had a precept from the Earl of 
Mar for infefting him in the lands as heir of his grandfather John on 23d 
February 1620, was created a baronet of Nova Scotia 31st May 1625, and 
died before 2d July 1634. He married Barbara Forrester ( ? daughter of 
James Forrester of Carriden), and had 

VI. John Livingston of Dunipace, who in 1634 agreed to sell Duni- 
pace to Sir Robert Spottiswoode. He married Annabella Young. 

The male line of the family became extinct soon after this. 

Carrick Pursuivant, 

277. — A Letter from the Old Pretender which is believed to be 
hitherto unpublished. The original is or was in the Charter Room of 
Cullen House. The copy is contributed by Mr. W. Cramond, Cullen. 

*May 25, 1742, 

' I received in due time the letter or paper written by your friend in 

March last with another short paper in the same hand, that accompanied 

it I have perused both with attention and satisfaction, and can easily 

remark in them a friend of experience and good sense and affection for our 

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Country and my Family. I am no way surprised that my character and 
principles should be so little known, where he is, neither I nor my children 
have any occasions of declaring our sentiments. It is true we make no 
secret of them, but those who may be acquainted with them are but too 
often under a necessity of concealing what they may know on such heads. 
It will be a subject of just concern to me if any who profess my religion 
should by their intrigues or discourse, have given ground to attribute ill 
.maxims to it, so contrary to its true principles as those mentioned in your 
friend's letter, and if any of my wellwishers in general declare in their con- 
versation for arbitrary power, they are greatly against my interest For as 
to those who are bribed to act to support the present arbitrary govern- 
ment, tnily nobody can consider them as my friends, whatever may be 
their professions. But these are inconveniences and misfortunes for which 
I cannot be answerable, and to which I have but little in my power to put 
any remedy, while the enemies of my Country make to be sure the most of 
every thing that can tend to our disadvantage and can do it without 
restraint. It is therefore no wonder that I should be so much misrepre- 
sented and so little known. Were my conduct in the town of Rome put in 
a true light, it would not a little contribute to discredit the ill grounded 
fears and jealousies of many^and as for my sincerity in what I promised 
even during my exile, I think without having recourse to my present char- 
acter, no doubt should be had on that head by any reasonable man who 
will rightly consider the present condition of my Family. We have now 
been more than fifty years out of our country, we have been bred and 
have lived in the school of adversity, unacquainted with Flattery and 
Power which always attends Princes on the throne and equally unacquainted 
with certain ambitious views^ which are too common with them. If long 
experience teaches us how little we can depend on the friendship of 
Foreign Princes, whatever the views of a present interest may have formerly 
or may hereafter induce them to undertake in our favour. Our Restora- 
tion would no doubt be much more agreeable both to our subjects and 
ourselves were it brought about without any Foreign assistance, but should 
it happen that any Foreign Power contributed to place me on the throne, 
it must be visible to every thinking man that I can never hope to keep it 
or enjoy Peace and happiness upon it but by gaining the love and affection 
of my subjects. I am far from approving the mistakes of former reigns, I 
see and feel the effects thereof, and should be void of all reflection if I did 
not propose to avoid them with the utmost care, and therefore I do not 
retain the least thought of assuming the Government on the footing 
which my father lost it. I am fully resolved to make the law the rule of 
my government, and absolutely disdain any intention of a dispensing 
power. I am certain that the ruin and oppression with which our countr)' 
is distressed, may make the greatest number of the people desirous of a 
change at any rate. But for my part as natural and right as it is for me 
to desire that I and my Family should be restored to our just right, I am 
far at my age especially from desiring that that should happen but upon a 
real and solid foundation cemented by a mutual confidence between King 
and people by which the welfare & happiness of the nation may be 
effectually restored. It is manifest that not only justice but the interest of 
the nation require my restoration, because I never can have a separate 
interest from that of my country, nor any hope of Peace and Tranquillity for 
myself or my Family, but by cultivating the affection of my people and 

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having only in view their Honour and happiness. I am persuaded there are 
many persons of great honour and merit who would be of this opinion, were my 
true sentiments & disposition known to them,tho' they are not at this time to 
be looked upon as wellwishers to my cause, neither do I wonder that they 
should have prejudices against it. They have been bred up in them from 
their youth, and constantly confirmed in them, by all the artifices imagin- 
able, but I hope the time is not far distant in which they will see things in 
a true light, and if they lay aside all unjust prejudices against me and lay 
to heart as much as I do the happiness and prosperity of our Country, I 
make no doubt but we shall be entirely satisfied with one another. It is 
fit your friend should know that I have by me a draught of Declaration 
which there has never been an occasion to publish. The Declaration was 
drawn in consequence of the sentiments and reflections exprest in this 
letter. It contains a general indemnity without exception, for all that has 
passed against me and my father, a solemn engagement to maintain 
the Church of England as by Law Established in all her rights, 
privileges, possessions, and immunities whatsoever, & as I am utterly 
averse to all animosities and persecution on account of religion, it also con- 
tains a promise to grant and allow a toleration to all Protestant Dissenters. 
I also express in it an utter aversion to the suspending the Habeas 
Corpus Act, as well as to the loading my subjects with unnecessary taxes 
or raising of any, in a manner burdensome to them & especially to the 
introducing foreign excise and all such methods as have hitherto been 
devised and pursued to acquire arbitrary Power at the expense of the liberty 
and property of the subjects. Besides that, there is a general article of ray 
readiness to settle all that may relate to the welfare and happiness of the 
nation, bpth in Civil and Ecclesiastical matters, with the sincere advice 
and convenience of a Free Parliament. 

* In fine were I known and justice done to my sentiments I am con- 
vinced it would make many alter their present way of thinking and induce 
others to concur heartily in measures for my Restoration, as the most effec- 
tual way to restore peace and happiness to our Country. I thank God 1 
am without resentment to anybody. I shall never retain any memory of 
past mistakes, and shall never make any other distinction amongst my sub- 
jects, but such as true merit and faithful services may authorize and 
require. I have ever had the greatest abhorence of all dissimulation, 
and will certainly never promise anything during my exile but what I will 
perform after my Restoration. 

' I am &c.' 

278. Notes from Dunblane Session Records, 165 2-1 680. — Internal 
Arrangements of the Church : The Pulpit, — The pulpit was on the south side 
of the choir, as appears from the following entry in the Session Records : — 
*May 28, 1656 

* The Eldars have grantit the first pew nixt the pulpit on the south syd 
with the Ihrid and fourth pewes for payment of theirtie P yearlie ilk pew 
and the second to Cathrine Buchanane for pay* of t wen tie P Scotis and yat 

About the pulpit was an enclosed space called a * range,' which was 
used only for particular purposes. On 7th March 1670 it is enacted by 
the Session ' that neither old nor young presume to sitt within the range 
^bout y* pulpit except schooleres & men who has bairnes to be baptized.' 

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Reader's Desk. — Somewhere on the south side of the choir was placed 
the reader's desk, as appears from a reference in 1670, 5th December, to 
' that roome before the Readeres Seat on y* south syd of y* Church.' 

Scholars^ Seat — ^The scholars* seat was immediately in front of the 
pulpit : — 

'May 6, 1662 
' The Schollares are found not to keep the Kirk well upon the Lo/ day by 
reasone yay have not a seat of their owne Wherefor it is statut and ordainit 
that ane proper seat be built to the schollares before the pulpit.' 

Afanse Pew.— In 1656 the Session provide a manse pew : — 

'17th May 1656 
'This day the Session considering that in no tyme bygon there was no seat 
for y* min' his wife & familie within the Church and also upon the desyre 
of M' Thomas Lyndesay promise ane seat not onlie for his wife & familie 
but also to remaine ane seat for the future to all ministers wives succeed- 
ing doe therefore appoint the seat to be seat where the pulpit now removed 
did sitt' 

(Query. — In what part of the choir had the pulpit stood before its 
removal to the south side ?) 

Elders* Pew. — The elders provide a pew for themselves in 1653 by 
resolving to put in force a former act : — 

' II Aprilis 1652 

* The said day certaine of the elders shewing that they hade no proper 
seat convenient for them but were forcit to stande in tyme of Divyne ser- 
vice ; The Sessioun thairfore ratifies the former act anent the appointing 
for thame the two formost long pewes and ordaines the bedall to attend. 
And whosoever shall not ryse being desyred be hime shal** be censured con- 
forme to ye s** act' 

The former act mentioned must be in an older Session book which 
does not now exist. That there was such a book is evident from another 
statement made in this volume, viz. that details of the ' Great famyne ' 
were to be found in the old Session book. 

Galleries. — There were three galleries or lofts in the choir during these 
years. One of them, at the east end, called the east loft : — 

* Aug. 28, 1668 

* Sederunt Bishope Dean .... The foresaid reverend Assemblie gives 
and grantes libertie to hary Blakwood to posses that roome in the Church 
of Dunblane under ye east loft in the middle of the church as they enter 
in at the east little doore * 

That loft must have blocked up a good part of the large east window 
of the choir, for if it came out to the middle of the church it must have 
been a good height at the back. At what part of the wall of the church 
the ' east little doore ' was placed is unknown. There are no marks in the 
east wall proper. Till a few years ago there was a door in the east wall of 
the chapter-house, which might have been the * east little doore ' referred 
to. Probably, however, the east little door is the doorway leading from 
the chapter-house into the church, because of the following entry : — 
' libertie to set up ane seat or dask in yat roome at the back of ye little 

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doore of y* Church of Dunblane.' The words *at the back of* mean a 
space between the door and the east window, from the position of the 

The second loft was called the wester loft, and of course was over 
the ^mikill queere doore/ Between this loft and the window next the 
pulpit the Session suggested the building of a loft. But there is no record 
saying whether or not the suggestion was taken up : — 

* October 8, 1664 
^ Compeired Jone Stirling of Kilbrid who presented before the Minister 
and Sessioun ane desyring ym to give the libertie of a commodious roome 
in the Queire of Dunblaine for building of ane seat in ye said Kirk for 
himselfe and his familie. The Minister and Sessioun grantes the foresaid 
petition in giving libertie if Kilbryd think fitt to build ane loft joyning to 
the great window betwixt ye pulpit and ye wester loft and to enter in at 
one of the syd windows in the churchyeard on the south syd.' 

The Records do not say that < Kilbryd ' thought 'fitt' to build the loft 
suggested. The third gallery was called ' the great loft,' and being distin- 
guished from the east and west lofts must have been on the north side 
of the Church, facing the pulpit : — 

'Sessio 3 Martii 1660 

* This day it is enactit & ordainit that the two fore seats in the great loft 
shall pay thrie-score pounds Scots.* 

Doors, — There were three doors leading into the Church, * the mikill 
queere doore,' in the west end of the choir, the * east little doore,' and the 
door on the south side, the mark of which is still to be seen on the wall of 
the Church. 

Seats and Seat Rents. — It would appear that the Session granted per- 
mission to parishioners to build seats for themselves, or pews. The Ses- 
sion gives what it calls ' a roome ' or ' that room ' ; gives permission ' to 
build a seat in the vacant roome beside the great doore.' In 1658 the 
Session took steps to collect seat rents. Under i8th February of that year 
there is the following : — 

^ This day the Sessioun ordaines Archibald Duthie to keep the pewes and 
that everie one that takes a pew be ordained to pay a shilling sterling if yay 
let any be within their pewes and ane shilling sterling for the pew itselfe 
and yat under yair hands. 

* This day Robert Reid ordained to have ye pew next to David Thom- 
sone his pewe and if he let any in to sit with him to pay ane shilling ster- 
ling for it & this his subscription. (Signed) Rob Reid.' 

The Session charged various prices : * Six & eightpence Scots yearlie, 
threttie shillings Scotts for the use of the poore,' for perpetual right to a 
seat in the east loft ; the two foreseats in the great loft * thriescore ix)unds 
Scots'; *theirtie P yearlie ilk pew,' twentie P Scotis,' according to its 
position. As the money went to the poor proceedings were sometimes 
taken or threatened against those who used pews without paying for them. 
Cost of two Lofts, — There is a long entry under 9th October 1653, 
which amongst other things gives the cost of two lofts. 

* As also the building of two Loaftes five hundreth threttie three pound 

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five shill eight penyes : for the Glassen windowes of ye Kirk three hundreth 
threttie thrie pound sixe shill eight penyes/ 

They appear to have been built at the cost of the Session. 

Behaviour in Church, — There must have been occasionally some kind 
of inattention, or loud talking or whispering in church, during divine ser- 
vice, for on * 15 9bris 1657' the Session * ordaines the disordered people 
in the church the 8th of November to be suditt/ Under date i8th Feb- 
ruary 1658 two women found guilty of * flyting in the Church ' are ordained 
' to satisfie before the Sessioun.' On * 8 Martii 1660 ' a man is admonished 
for * his abuse in tyme of divine service,' and troubling the Kirk, and is 
ordained to 'satisfie publicklie.* However, this individual may have been 
conducting himself obstreperously outside the church in the churchyard. 
On March 31, 1661, another is dealt with for molesting the church during 
divine service. 

Collections, — The collections intimated and taken were for many ob- 
jects — for a man taken with the Turks, for Glasgow, for the great fire at 
Kelso, for the distressed people at Newburgh, for a poor family in Kilma- 
dock, for a poor lad, for building a bridge, etc, etc No doubt the minister 
had a story to tell about each, and a fervent appeal to make to his hearers' 
feelings or interests, earthly and eternal. Among the special collections 
is one to a Grecian presbyter consistitfg of '7 pounds, 15 sh. and 10 p.* 

With reference to tl^e collection for the town of Kelso a letter to the 
Bishop of Dunblane, lying in the Session book, shows that it was requested 
by the Privy Council to be made all over the country. The letter is as 
follows : — 

' Ed' 8th August 1684. 

* My Lord 

* It having the Lords of His Maties privie Councill to make 
ane act for a voluntar Contribution thoro the whoU Kingdom to supplie the 
necessities of the numerous inhabitants of the towne of Kelso, who have 
sustained loss in the late casuall fyre there. And to recommend to the 
Archbishopes and Bishopes the intimat°n of the said act in the sSall paroch 
churches in the respive diocies. And to take such course for uplifting of 
the sd contribution as may make it most effectuall for the help and releef 
of these poor afflicted people for whom it is intended : All which yo' Lo/ 
will understand by the inclosed copies of the act wherof I have sent 
copies with the bearer being informed that soe many will sufficientlie serve 
for yo' Lops: diocie. And humblie requests your Lop: to recomend to 
the moderators of the presbitrie within the diocie the distribution and inti- 
mation of the sd copies. And the uplifting of the sd collection In such ways 
and methods As yo' Lo : in your prudence and pietie shall think fitting for 
such ane Charitable use His Grace the Archbishop of St Andrews and 
Bishope of Edinburgh have recommendit the collection therof within their 
diocies To be made by the Ministers and elders throw the families in their 
repive parochies. Your Lop : will know my Concerne by the act wherin 
the Lords of His Maties privie counsell have been pleased to appoint me 
Collector which I hope will serve for my apologie for writing to yo' Lo/ 
unacquainted. And so craving pardon for the trouble I remaine 
* My Lord 

* Your Lops: most humble Sfvant 

' Rob Bennett.' 

VOL. V- — NO. XVII. 

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The Church of Dunblane responded to the appeal through the Bishop 
and Minister by contributing threescore and five pounds 12 shillings 
Scots money. 

Baptisms, — Baptisms were frequent during divine service, although the 
Session had to struggle with a disinclination to undergo the ordeal in the 
face of the congregation and unlawful methods of baptism tried by some of 
the people. On 3d June 1672 the Session punished a man for ' using ane 
unlawful way of baptizing his child.' 

Here is an invitation to a baptism, probably private, as the hour is 
mentioned : — 

* Glasgow 23 Nove' 1673. 

* Seeing it hath pleased God of gf t mercie to send my wyfe a save 
deliverie of a dochter whom I intend to baptize the morrow at tuo 
acloak in the efternoone — these are therfore to desire yo' companie and 
yo' bedfellowes heir the morrow. In doeing y'of ye sail oblidge him who 
sail ever remaine 

* Your Brother & Servant to 

*Rob* Lindsay.' 

Rides of the Bell. — The ringing of the church bell was a feature of the 

' 17 Jan. 1661. 

* This day the Session with consent of the minister ordained 

* The first bell in y* morning to ringe out at 7 o'clock. 
*The second bell at halfe houre to 9. 

*And the thrid bell at 10 o'clock. 

* And the thrid bell to be runge at 2 o'clock precislie. And this order 
to be kept in all tyme coming both in summer and winter.' 

How and when the Bells were obtained, — AVhen the big bell was got, 
about 1660, some diflSculty was experienced in raising money to pay for it. 
The Session therefore made the following original enactment : — 

*3i October 1660. 

* This day it is ordainit & enactit that ane voluntar contribution be 
collected throughout all y' paroch for helping to cast y* great bell & 
intimation to be made heirof from the pulpit the next Sabbath. And for 
the more encouragement of all rankes of persons within y*" paroch of 
Dunblane for to contributt largelie & willinglie to y* Bell, this day it is 
enactit and ordained that y* bell shall ringe at y' burieing of such persones 
that shall give at this tyme a voluntarie contribution for the founding of y* 

The offer was well meant but largely ineffectual, for there is a statement 
made in 1732 that the big bell was paid for latterly out of some vacant 
stipend in the hands of the Session. 

Another bell — the little bell — has to be paid for in 1676. Under April 
16, 1676, there is the entry : — 

* Intimation to be made the next Lord's day for a contribution for 
casting of the little bell' 

Work of the Elders, — The elders are unwearied in their efforts for the 
improvement of the Sabbath manners of the people of Dunblane. 

On 4th March 1658 a woman is dealt with 'for breakeing of the Sabath 

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in setteing out sheites and blankites' ; 2 ist March, two women * for cursing 
& swearing betwixt themselves on the Lordes day'; 9th May 1658, a 
man * for being overtaken with drink on the Sabath.* 

On 3d October 1658 it is voted that * this day y* min' did interrogatt 
y' elderes how y* people of y* paroch did observe the keeping of y* Lordes 
day in the tyme of harvest, the elderes did answere that y" people did keepe 
the Sabbath day verie well as in former tyme.' 

Men and women are dealt with by the Session * for carrying loads home 
on the Sabbath day,' for ' disobedience to the kirk,' for * being found 
drinking at home in divine service,' for * bleeding his neighbour,' for 'selling 
ale in tyme of sermon,' for ' caryeing of cloath,' for * weighing lint,' for 
' washing pots,' for * putting a fire in a kill,' for allowing the walkmilne to 
be in operation, for * shereing,' for 'grinding corn,' for *thressing upon the 
Sabbath day.' 

Tramps and Beggars, — Tramps and beggars are found a source of 
annoyance, and on nth September 1659 the session-clerk has the 
following minute: — 

'This day it is ordained and enact it that if any in towne or landward 
shall admitt or receive any strangeres, travelling vagabondes or idle persones 
into their families or give houses to them to reside in unless that yay have 
testimonialles they shall pay fourtie shillings Scotis and also be lyable to 
kirk censure.' 

Shops on Sunday, — Shops seem to have been kept open on Sunday, for 
on July 4, 1670, 'It was recommended to the magistrat to speak to 
those that keeps chops that in tyme comeing they keep not their chope 
doores open upon y* Lords day for selleing of merchandice.' 

Exorbitant Prices, — In 1654, January 22, an act was passed against 
exorbitant prices and the multitude of people at penny bridals. On 2d 
December 1659, 'It is enacted this day that if any persone or persones 
whatsomever shall mak or keep feasts and drinkeing upon the Sabbath day 
in any kind whatsomever (except it be for the worshippeing of God) shall 
satisfie as Sabbath breakers.' 

Rules of Session. — The elders found it necessary to lay down rules for 
their own behaviour at meetings of Session : — 
'Sess 27 Julii 1654 
' It is enactit that in tyme of Sessioun 

1 that none shall speake except the Mod' aske 

2 that when any speake they shall be uncovered 

3 that none speake to any delinquent except the Min' 

4 that elderes & deac. behave themselves gravelie and authori- 
tativlie as becomes them in their place & that not take away any thing 
spoken in Sessioun and if any transgresseth any of these prcpts to pay 
6 sh. Scotis and if any wilifullie after tuo or thre severall admonitiones 
given shall contemne & so transgresse to bfe deposit.' 

On loth April 1659 it was enacted that elders absent from a meeting 
of Session without a sufficient excuse were to be fined 5 shillings Scots. 

A Doctof^s Bill in 1654. — A poor girl suffering from the 'disease of 
the stonne,' and without parents or friends, was cared for by the Session, a 
collection made throughout the parish, and a doctor sent for and agreed 
with to perform the operation. The doctor was 'W" Sowter in Glasgow 

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20 The Scottish Antiqtmry ; 

for the present in Stirling/ The bill presented to the Session jran as 
follows :— 

* In the first payit to the doctor for his cure, 

Item for drugs, ..... 

Item for his man his attendance and drink money, 

For thair diet at Jon Robisons, 

The amount collected was * 66"**- 17 2,' and the balance after paying the 
medical expenses was handed to * Johne Robisone * for her * intertainement * 
and for the purchase of * such things as the doctor prescrybit.' 

The Deposition of the Rev, James Pearsonne, — Dr. Scott in Fasti Ecclesice 
Scoticana declares that Mr. James Pearsonne was deposed in the latter 
end of 1649. Alexander Gibson was minister for a year. But Dr. Scott 
is wrong in saying that, after Gibson left in 1652, Pearsonne was readmitted 
nth April, and in giving the Session Records as his authority. 

The entry under date nth April merely shows that an attempt had been 
made in the parish to get up a petition in favour of Pearsonne's restoration. 
The entry is : — 

* The haill eldares being interrogate if any had scene ane peaper of M' 
Ja' Pearsonne's anent his reentrie to y* kirk of Dunblane, Andro & 
Jon Ker eldares confest y* samyne peaper were presentit unto thame be 
henrie Sinclair who instantlie w' theme till they did subscribe y* samyne. 
Herewith they being much grieved and sore in heart for y* their escape 
heir referrit themselves in y* Sessioune's will and disclaimes y' subscrip- 
tiones of y* sd peaper.' 

On 9th September 1653, Mr. Thomas Lyndsay appears in the record 
as minister of Dunblane and on November 13th, 1653, is the following 
entry : — 

* Weddensday next is appointit at 10 hours to beginne to take up ane 
exact accompt of the several thesaurers and of all such as hes intromittit 
w* ye church dewes & Sessioun since the deposition of M' Ja* 

The inferences are plainly that Pearsonne was not a colleague in the 
ministry to Lyndsay, was not in any sense minister of Dunblane as Scott 
would have it, and that he had been deposed once for all and never 
readmitted, although he had made one effort at least. 

Scott declares that Pearsonne continued minister till 31st May 1655, 
and gives the Session Records of Dunblane as his authority. Well, the 
entry is as follows : — 
'Ultimo May 1655. 

' The qlk day the m' made report to the Session that the visit**n be 
your ordinance have devolvit the sixe hundreth merks in M' Ja* Pearsonne 
his hand to the minister of Qunblane in respect thereof M' Thomas is 
obligeit be bond to give M' James the equivalent soume for the emolumen- 
taries. The Session consenting to the S"* ordinance delegates James 
Buchanane & Thomas Robisone to goe with M' Thomas to Kippenross with 
all convenience to see these things donne all matteres endit betwixt them.' 

The only connection Pearsonne had with the parish of Dunblane was 
that he held money in his hands belonging to the Minister, and seemed 
unwilling to give it up. 

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On 31st March 1659, Mr. Lindsay desired the Session to subscribe a 
discharge to Kippenross for ' that sixe hundreth merks.' Laid on the table. 
On 8th April 1659, the Session denies a discharge to Kippenross. 

It is abundantly clear that Pearsonne was never restored as minister 
of Dunblane. J. G. Christie, B.D. 

279. Arabic Numerals. — At page 147 of vol. iv. are some interesting 
remarks on the early use of Arabic Numerals. We are glad the subject 
has been taken up, and hope the suggestion to make a list of well 
authenticated examples of the early Arabic dates will not be lost sight of 
Mr. Cramond of CuUen has sent specimens which he holds to be 
certainly genuine. 

1. 1470, from the Earl of Huntly's tomb, Elgin Cathedral. 

1553, from a bronze gun on Castle Hill, Cullen. 

3. 1590, from a panel in Cullen Church. 

Cosmo Innes, in his preface to The Ledger of Haly burton, 1492-1503, 
remarks : * The numeration both of goods and of money is for the most part 
in the modern or Arabic numerals. But these were only a late acquisition 
of the writer, who uses them very rudely, and often reverts to the Roman 
i. V. X.' (p. xxiii). Some specimens of the Ledger are given in facsimile. 
Our readers on consulting the volume will find in these examples of early 
MS. Arabic numerals. 

The Rev. Herbert Haines, in his Manual of Monununtal Brasses (part 

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22 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

i. p. clxxix) states : * Arabic numerals first made their appearance on in- 
scriptions in the middle of the fifteenth century, and were chiefly used to save 
room, but they did not come into general use until the latter end of the 
next. Early examples are the following — Northleach, Gloucestershire, 1447 ; 
Ware, Herts, 1454; Thornton, Bucks, 1472,610/ These remarks of course 
apply to England alone. I have a Flemish deed on parchment endorsed 
in very old writing, * Een vidimus van graeff Willem. 1345.* I cannot, 
however, believe that the endorsement is as old as the deed. It would be 
interesting to know when Arabic numbers were first used in Flanders. 
Early printed books might afford instances. Ed. 

280. On some Surnames (vol. iv. pp. 111-115). — Sproi or Sprott — 
This is mentioned among Scottish surnames that are possibly or probably 
Flemish in an article in your December number. The tradition of those 
who bear the name in Scotland is that their ancestors were Saxons who 
came north after the Conquest, and there is every reason to believe thai 
this is well founded. In Yorkshire there is the Parish of Sprotburgh, and in 
the Doomsday Book for that county there are many landowners of the name. 
It occurs in several English lists of surnames in the twelfth century. 
There was a Richard Sprot in Northumberland in 1272, a William Sprot 
in Tyndale in T279, who inherited land from his father, a Hugh Sprot of 
Urr, who witnesses one of Baliol's Charters in 1262, and a Richard Sprot 
of Bryset, county Roxburgh, in 1307. G. W. S. 

281. A Highland Funeral, 1721. — The following letter and legal 
documents, found amongst the Ardchattan papers, throw a considerable 
light on the arrangements for the funeral of a Highland gentleman in the 
commencement of the last century. Eight years later an attempt was 
made to introduce very necessary reforms. (See vol. i. p. 5.) Ed. 

My ffather having expyred this morning I send you enclosed a 
memoriall of the necessars to be got from your Toune for his ffuneralls 
and I convince myself youU spaire noe pains to see the particulars put 
together securely and as soone as possible The day we propose for the 
Buriall is Thursday next soe that the last of our iraid ought to be here 
Tuesday at night The things in the first paragraph of the memoriall 
concerning the Corps and Coffine together with the peaper and wax 
should be despatcht w^ith all possible heast tho the bread & Liquor 
should take more tyme The Glasses are the things worst to order soe as 
they may not break but I referr to yourself to doe what you see proper 
in laying them up in the saifest manner You most provide Casks to carrie 
the Liquor Send some of the Candles of your largest sort Money is so 
scarce and I having soe much to doe for it at this occasion that I only 
send you a Couple of Guinzies now till accompt Let me have a particular 
accompt of what you send which shall be thankfully payed you as soone 
as possible by 

Your affectionat humble sert 

Chas Campbell 

Ardchattan 8 December 

Added on cover— 

* If you have no sack to get send a Gallon of white wine 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries, ^3 

Paper enclosed, endorsed ^Memoriall for John Campbell Bailzie of 
Inverarey, 1721.' 

Memorandum of necessars to be sent for to Inverarey 
Imp, Twentie eight Elns Alanine Item one bolt knillines one peaper pinns 
It : half a pound of comon pepper. It : handles & naills for a 
coffine and two hunder dowble plenches and half one hunder single 
plenches It : ane quarter a pound of Glew & two barrells of Lamb 
black It: one ounce dutch threed & a duzan small neidles and 
Cords for the handles of the Coffine. 
Item Two Bunns or Curran Sconns Two Duzan farles short bread Six 
Duzan baiks Two quire peaper four ounce black wax Item two 
Gallons brand ie Item one Gallon Seek Item four pair brandie 
Glasses & three pair wine Glasses Item a stone Candles. 

The Testament Dative and Inventar of the goods and gear which 
pertained and belonged to the deceast John Campbell of Ardchattan 
within the Paroishun thereof and Commissariot of Argyll the time of his 
decease which was in the moneth of December Jajvijf and twenty one 
years faithfully made and given up by Charles Campbell now of Ard- 
chattan Lawful Son and Executor Dative Decerned to the said Defunct 
by Decreet of the Commissar Deput of the said Commissariot as the samen 
of the date the twenty eight day of June last bypast fully Bears. 


Imprimis the said Defunct had pertaining to him and in his possession 
the time forsaid of his Decease the goods and gear afterment** of the 
Avails and prices ffollowing. To witt ffive cows five two year olds, and 
five stirks two mears two ffiUies and one ffoal all estimat to ij"" Lib Scots 
mony. Item two horses estimat to xxxiij Lib vi sh : viii"* Item six silver 
spoons Estimat to xviij Lib Scot Item to ane Silver cup Estimat to i*" 
Lib Item one Silver Tumbler estimat to xviij Lib Item a little Silver 
cup or Aqua vitae Dish estimat to i Lib iv sh. Item ane Suit of Cloathes 
Estimat to xxiv Lib Item ane old Mortcloath estimat to iij Lib Item 
a pair of Raxes and speel Estimat to iij Lib Item ane Copper Caldron 
estimat to xx Lib Item ane old Boat Estimat to xij Lib. 

Summa Inventarii iv^xxxij Lib x sh. viij** Scots Mony. 

Debts due by the Defunct, 
Imprimis Due by the said Defunct to Patrick Campbell younger of 
Achanaba, Cherurgeon for his pains and attendance upon the Defunct 
while he was under Cure of the Incision that was made on the excrescence 
that was upon the Defunct his neck the Soume of i'^xxvi Lib and which 
Soume was paid by the said Charles Campbell to the said Patrick Camp- 
bell conform to his receipt thereof dated the Seventh day of June last 
Item to Duncan Campbell in Craig conform to the said Defuncts accepted 
bill to him thereanent dated the Eleventh November Jajvijf and twenty 
one Ixxxx Lib ij sh. iv"^ and which Soume was paid by the said Charles 
Campbell to the said Duncan Campbell conform to his receipt on the back 
of the said Bill dated the twenty fourth day of ffebruary last. Item to 
Donald M^'Intyre of Glenoe conform to the said Defuncts accepted bill to 
him thereanent dated the eight day of July Jajvijf and twenty one years 
xlii Lib and which soume was payd by the said Charles Campbell to the 
s** Donald M'^Intyre conform to his receipt thereof upon the foot of the 

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said bill Item to John Campbell merch** in Inveraray for fflannine grave 
cloaths and others furnished by him to the Defuncts funeralls conform to 
ane partar accompt thereof Ixxiv lib iv sh and which Soume was payd by 
the s** Charles Campbell to the said JoKn Campbell conform to his receipt 
thereof subjoyed to the said accompt dated the thretteenth day of June 
last. Item to Donald Clark Change keeper in Auchnachloigh and Donald 
M*=Ilmichaell in Coullnadalloch for ^yt gallons one quart aqua vitae and 
fifteen gallons ale furnished by them to the said Defuncts funeralls, lij Lib 
and which soume was paid to them by the said Charles Campbell conform 
to their receipt thereanent dated the Eleventh day of June last. Item to 
John M*'Intyre of Letters for two gallons and one half gallon brandy fur- 
nished by him to the said Defuncts funeralls at sixteen merks per gallon, 
xxvi Lib. Item William Ewing Change keeper at Tayinlone for two 
gallons and six pints of aqua vitae furnished by him to the said Defuncts 
funerals xxx Lib and which soume was payit to him by the said Charles 
conform to his receipt thereof dated the thirteenth day of June last. Item 
to Alexander M^'Dugald in Inveresregan for two gallons and ane half gallon 
aquavitse at twelve merks per gallon furnished to the Defuncts family the 
time of his sickness Inde xxij Lib Item to Alexander Chrystie in Cre- 
ginurk for four bolls malt at eight pund per boll furnished by him to the 
Defuncts funeralls inde xxxij Lib. Item due to the said Charles Camp- 
bell for four cows at twenty five merks per piece, flUve bolls meal at eight 
merks per boll. Two bolls Malt at eight punds per boll half ane Gallon 
brandy at sevin pund four shillings, Ane Duzon of Geese at six shillings 
per piece, Six Duzon of poultry at 3 shills 4** per piece & twelve stones 
Cheese at two Pund eight shilings per Stone all furnished by him to the 
said Defuncts funerals i'lx Libs xvi shill viij ds. Item due by the Defunct 
per accepted bill to Coline Kennedy in Bunaw xi Libs x sh. 

Summa Debts vi'^lxxvi Lib iij**"* Scots Mony. 

Et sic Debita excedunt Bona ij'^xlii Libs xij**^ iv** Scots Mony. 

'Confirmatio — last day of August 1722 — Jas Fisher Com' dp'.' follows 

in usual form. Mention in it is made of Alexander Campbell, * brother 

German to the said Charles Campbell of Ardchattan.* 

282. Antiquity of Influenza. — History repeats itself, as will be seen 
from the following note taken from the extinct and rare but interesting 
Scottish Journal^ No. 22, page 352 (Jan. 29, 1848). It bears the head- 
ing we have adopted. * Of this now universally prevailing malady we have 
(says the Glasgow Cofistitutionat) the following account in a letter from 
Randolph, the English Ambassador at the Court of Mary Queen of Scots, 
to Cecil (afterwards Lord Burghley) dated Edinburgh, 30th November 
1562, " May it please your honour. Immediately upon the Queens 
arrival here she fell acquainted with a new disease that is common in 
this town, called the ' new acquaintance ' which passed also through her 
whole Court, neither sparing lord, lady, nor damsel, nor so much as 
French or English. It is a pain in their head that have it, and a soreness in 
their stomachs, with a great cough ; it remaineth with some longer, with 
others shorter time, as it find apt bodies for the nature of the disease. 
The Queen kept her bed six days ; there was no appearance of danger, 
nor many that die of the disease except some old folk. My Lord of 
Murray is now presently in it, and I am ashamed to say that I have been 
free of it, seeing it seeketh acquaintance at all mens hands." The letter 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 25 

is printed pp. 105-7 of the "Selections from unpublished Manuscripts 
illustrating the reign of Mary Queen of Scotland" presented to the 
Maitland Club in 1837 by the late Mr. Kirkman Finlay of Castle Toward. 
The last freak of the distemper, according to the Edinburgh Register, was 
in the seizure of the master of the Duddingston mills, and at the same 
time of all his millers, and the mill stood still. To complete the adage 
that misfortunes never come single, the millers' wives were almost all ill, 
and unable to nurse their husbands.' 

283. Marriages recorded in Acta Dom. Con,, etc. (vol. iii. p. 108). — 
A private correspondence has taken place concerning one of the marriages 
given by '2' on the authority of the Acta Dom, Con, We have been 
requested by * 2* to insert the following remarks, adding that there seems 
to be good reason to think that the withdrawing of the entry as far as it 
concerns * Margaret Ogilvy,' the widow of the Earl of Crawford, is wise. 

Correction, — At page 108, vol. iii., the following entry appears as from 
the Acta Dominorum Auditorum : — 

* Ogilvy, Margaret, (i) Earl of Crawford (d), /jS ; (2) Sir 
Wm. Wallace of Craigie.' 
All that the Acta record is that in 1478 Margaret, Countess of Crawford, 
appears as wife of Sir William Wallace of Craigie ; and in my endeavour to 
ascertain which countess was referred to, I concluded that Margaret 
(properly Marjory), daughter of Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse and 
widow of the third Earl of Crawford, was the person referred to. I am now 
satisfied that the correctness of this conclusion is not beyond question, 
and propose that, pending further investigation,' the entry be taken as 

I may take this opportunity of correcting two errors in the index 
referred to :— 

Page io6, 'Henries, Marion,' insert /90 as year of reference. 
Page 106, * Hume, Jonet,* add that she is referred to in 1480 as wife 
of James Douglas. S. 

7M May 1890. 

The entry in Acta Auditorum of 1478 does not give the name Ogilvy. 

No Earl of Crawford ever married a Margaret Ogilvy so far as has ever 
been known. 

The third Earl married Marjory Ogilvie, as is accurately stated in the 
Lives J page 132 (vol. i.), in the note to which your contributor refers. 

The family of Auchterhouse ended in an heiress, Margaret, Countess 
of Buchan, and I cannot help a suspicion that your contributor has 
referred to the authority without himself consulting it. 

Margaret, Countess of Crawford, appears as the wife of Wallace of 
Craigie, about 1470. Alexander, fourth Earl, married a Margaret, and died 
about 1454. 

David, third Earl, married Marjory Ogilvy, and died 1445. 

How then can the identity of Wallace's wife — always called Margaret 
— with Marjory Ogilvie be even arguable ? 

When G. E. C. called my attention to the statement in Scottish Notes 
and Queries^ I feared that Wallace's wife might be some Countess who 
had escaped my notice. 

To clinch the matter I may add that Margaret Dunbar, widow of 

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The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Alexander, Earl of Crawford, was living 1496, when she granted her lands 
to her second son. 

I should be much obliged if you would insert a note correcting the 
error in your next issue ; and if you are willing to do so with a state- 
ment that it is at my request, I should be still more obliged. 

W. A. Lindsay. 

284. David Allan. — From the Dictionary of Biography we learn 
that David Allan the painter was born at Alloa, 13th February 1744, and 

went to Rome to study in 1764, when twenty years old. Before going 
he did some work in his native place. A group of the family][of Mr. 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Qtieries. 2 7 

Erskine of Mar by him is still preserved at Alloa House. Its artistic 
merits are slight ; its chief interest consists in the introduction of a view 
of Alloa House, which was attached to the east side of the old tower. 
The mansion has been burnt for nearly 100 years, and this is, as far as we 
are aware, the only picture of it extant. The vestry of St. John's Epis- 
copal Church, Alloa, possess a portrait of Dr. John Alexander, who was 
ordained in 1724, and had charge of the congregation at Alloa; in 1743 
he was consecrated Bishop of Dunkeld, but remained in Alloa till his 
death in 1776. , This portrait is not signed, but connoisseurs have 
attributed it to David Allan in his youth ; as he did not return from Italy 
till after the Bishop was dead, he must have painted it, as he did the 
Erskine family, when he was only about twenty years of age. The minutes 
of St. John's Lodge, Alloa, show that on 21st August 1762 'David Allan, 
Painter in Glasgow, was Entered an apprentice in this Lodge, gratis.' His 
name does not occur again, but on 21st December 1762 ' It is unanimously 
agreed to by the meeting that a Copper Plate should be purchased for 
Engraving the circular letters of the Lodge, and appoint Mr. Lawrie to 
procure the same, the price not to exceed thirty shillings sterling.* No 
entry occurs of payment for the plate, nor is the subject again referred to. 
The date on the Circular shows that it was not finally engraved till 1764, 
and that it was the work of David Allan. It is of sufficient interest for me 
to give a facsimile slightly reduced in size. 

The plate has been lost for many years, and I obtained possession of 
the only known specimen of the circular as long ago as 1864. Ed. 

285. Ross Family. — Ross of Meddat. — i. David Ross, *portioner of 
Meddat' (Sasine 22d August 1626), *portionerof Meikle Meddat,' 19th 
June 1627, *in Meddat, portioner of Pitcalzean,' 13th March 1653, was 
perhaps the second son of Walter Ross, third of Balmachy (193). He 
married Mary Urquhart, and had, 

2. Colin, *son and heir to David Ross in Meddat' (Sasine 

27th January 1676). 

3. Walter * Davidson in Meddat,' 2 2d May 1663. 

4. Robert, * son to deceased David Ross in Meddat ' (Sasine 

15th May 1650). Heir of David Ross, sometime in 
Meddat, his father {Retours, 2d September 1685). On 
1 8th March 17 16, he is described as *now in Bellen- 
drumy ' ; his eldest son was named David (Sasine 8th 
March 1710). 
In the Sasine of 15th May 1650, George Ross in Meddat, witness, is 
also mentioned. 

Ross OF MiDFEARN OR MiDFAiRNiE. — Alexander Ross, styled *of 
Midfairne' (Sasine 12th August 1634), obtained in 1637 from Robert 
Gray of Creich the renunciation of the easter half of the davoch lands of 
Wester Faimie (Sasine 29th May). In 1638, he had a brother Donald 
living. He married Issobell, daughter of Mr. John Mackenzie of Balma- 
duthie, and by charter gave her the liferent of his lands. From a Sasine 
dated 13th March 1640, it would appear that Alexander was a portioner 
of Drugellie, thus designated he and his wife were infeft in the lands of 
Keandruife Their daughter, Martha, is said to have married George, 
seventh son of William Munro, third of Achany. In 1624 there was an 

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28 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Alexander Ross in Wester Feme, and Hugh * his brother german ' (witness 
Sasine 9th June 1625). 

Also Robert Ross, and David, son of William Ross in Midfairnie, 
witnesses to Sasines between 1638 and 1649. 

Ross OF MoRANGiE. — I. Alexander Ross, chaplain of Dunskaith. 
This chaplainry was founded by James 11. in the parochial church of Tain, 
between 1456 and 1458; in 1487 it was annexed as a prebend to the 
collegiate church which he founded at Tain {Exchequer Roll^ 227). 
Alexander Ross was presented to the chaplainry, 'vacant by the inca- 
pacity or demission of Sir John Poilson, chanter of Caithness,' 13th June 
1500 {Privy Seal Reg, vol. i. fol. 126). A long and fruitless search has 
been made to discover the paternity of the above Alexander. It is not 
unlikely that he was descended from the Shandwick family, as Walter 
Ross of Shandwick (143), who died 1531, had a wadset of the town and 
chaplainry of Dunskaith; his second son being William Ross of Culnahall 
(190), a property afterwards belonging to the Morangie family. In a con- 
tract made, 23d March 1546-7, between Alexander Ross, ninth of Balna- 
gown (16), on the one part, and William Hamilton of Sanchar, Knight, 
and others, on behalf of James, Commendator of Feme, on the other, 
regarding certain property of the abbey, * Sir Nicholas Ross,' son of the 
above Alexander, is styled * cousin to Alexander Ross of Balnagown ' 
{Acta Dom Con, et Sess, vol. xxiii. fol. 32). Alexander, the chaplain, 
died before 20th February 1543, and was, as already stated, father of 

2. Nicholas Ross, who in 1533 had been named chaplain of Dunskaith. 
He was presented by Queen Mary, in 1549, to the provostry of the 
collegiate church of Tain, and to the annexed vicarage, when they should 
become vacant {Privy Seal^ vol. xxii. fol. 91). He resigned the provostry 
in 1567, and became the nineteenth abbot of Feme. He sat in the 
Parliament held at Edinburgh in August 1560, and voted for the abolition 
of the Roman Catholic religion. Letters of legitimation were granted, 
2oth Febmary 1543, to Nicholas Ross, 'bastard natural son of the late 
Alexander Ross, chaplain of Dunskaith' {Great Seal), and, 20th 
December of the same year, he obtained letters of legitimation for 
his four sons, Nicholas, William, Donald, and Thomas, when pur- 
chasing from Balnagown the estate of Geanies to settle on them. By 
a deed, dated 24th March 1544, at the collegiate church of Tain, with 
consent of Queen Mary, the Earl of Arran, Bishop Leslie, John 
Thornton, provost, and the prebendaries, he granted his lands of 
Dunskaith to his son Nicholas, and the heirs-male of his body, with 
remainder to his sons William and Donald, and their heirs-male ; to 
his son Thomas and his heirs-male; whom failing, to the eldest heir- 
female of Thomas ; whom all failing, to the heirs of Nicholas whomso- 
ever {Orig, Par. Scot, vol. ii. part. ii. p. 422).^ *The xvii day of 
September the year of God 1 569, nicolas Ros, comedator of ferae, provest 
of tane decessit, quhom God assolze' {ICal, of Feme), He was buried in 
the abbey, to the north of the choir, leaving 
3. Nicholas. (See below,) 

1 From Reg, Sec. Sig. xxxvili. fol. loi, it would seem that the abbot had two sons 
who bore the name of Thomas— Gift to Isobel Ros, relict of Thomas Ros, of the escheat 

of the late Thomas Ros, son to Ros, abbot of Feme, at the horn for not paying 

Andrew Munro, chamberlain of the diocese of Ross, the tiends of Easter Gany and 
Tarrell for 1569-70. At Leith, loth July 1571. 

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4. William, of whom there appears to be no further notice. 

5. Donald, styled *of Litill Kinteis.* He obtained a charter, 

from his brother Nicholas, of part of the lands of 
Dunskaith, in liferent, dated and subscribed by the 
grantor at Pitcallene in Ross 25th June 1571. {Pitcainie 

6. ITiomas. (See/^j/.). 

[i.] . . . daughter, married as first wife John Ross or Reid, 

in Annat, styled 'brother of abbot Thomas'; he 

married secondly Ellen Jameson, who died 7th March 

1590 {KaL of Feme). By his first wife he had a son, 

Thomas Ross, alias Reid, to whom in 1574 James vi. 

granted the chaplainry of Morangie for his education 

* at the sculis ' (Privy Seai^ xlvii. 1 2). On * the xxij 

of decSber, 1591 Thomas Ross alias reid deptit in tane ; 

he wes y** abat of fernis syster sone ; & wes sustenit by 

y* said abat ay sin he wes fowir yeir of age & at y* 

scewlis' {Kalof Feme). 

3. Nicholas Ross *of Dunskaith' (Charter 25th June 1571), *of 

Culnahaw' 1595. In 1583, November — *The viij day of this instand 

beand fryday Capitane James Ross brodyr sone to ye lard of achlossin 

and Patrick Yvat with him wer slane in tane in andro rossis chalmir at 

viij horis afore none be nicolas ross and waiter ross w^ yair c5plesis' 

{Kal of Feme). For this murder he obtained, under the Great Seat 

14th August 1595, a remission — 'Nicolao Ross de Culnahaw et Waltero 

Ross de Intumecarrach fratribus {sic)'^ Willielmi Ross de Invercharron 

pro parte interfectionis Capitani Jacobi Ross/ 

6. Thomas Ross * of Culnahall * {Statist. Ace. of Scot.), burgess of 
Forres, parson of Alness. He appears as provost of the collegiate church 
of Tain in 1550, and between 1561-66, appointed by John Leslie, bishop 
of Ross. Queen Mary confirmed the presentation when the provostry 
should become vacant by the decease of Nicholas, commendator of Feme 
(Ratification 13th May 1567, I^eg. Sec. Sig. xxxvi. fol. 41). He became 
the twentieth abbot of Feme in 1566, three years before his father's death. 
In the abbey he built a new hall, chambers, cellar, pantry and kitchen, and 
near it a mill. In 1569 he fell out with Alexander Ross, ninth of Balna- 
gown, and in consequence retired to Forres. He appears to have led an 
unquiet life there ; in 1586 the magistrates warn him * furth of the common 
land revin by him from the mureshed ' ; and he, with his servants, are sued 
by John Anderson, 6th April 1590, *for slaying his bred gevis'— fat goose 
(Burgh /Records, Forres. Council Book). In 1580 he complained of 
cruelties committed by Alexander of Balnagown in exacting moneys from 
some of his tenants (keg. P. Court,). Andrew Ross of Shandwick became 
surety for him in ;;^iooo not to harm John Denune of Catboll, signed at 
Feme 27th August 1594, before Mr. Robert Ross, minister of Alness, and 
others (Peg. P. Court.). Resigning his appointments in 1584, James vi. 
granted the abbacy and provostry for life to his son Walter Ross (Reg. P. 
Court.). The abbot died in Tain, 14th Febmary 1595, and was buried in 
St. Nicholas aisle, having married Isobel, daughter of Alexander Kinnaird 

^ So the word reads in one copy. In the Index, Signet Library, 40, 241, it is 
fratrem, in the ' pneceptum remissionis ' {Reg. Sec. Sig. Ixvii. 196), it is fratris instead 
oifratri, which snould refer only to Walter Ross. 

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30 The Scottish Antiquary : 

of Cowbin, or Culbowie ; she was buried in the same grave as her husband, 
5th October 1603. — *Obitus Isobelle Kinnard sponse M"^ thome ros 
abbatis feme apud tane et sepultae in fearne ' {KaL of Ferne). By her will 
she nominated Walter, her eldest son, her only executor, and left 
bequests to her daughter Barbara and her son William. Will confirmed, 
13th February 1603-4. William Sinclair of May is cautioner {Edinb. 
Tests, vol. xlii.). The testament-dative and inventory of the goods of 
Abbot Thomas were given up by William his son, and Barbara his daughter, 
spouse to Andrew Moresone, collector of the north parts of Scotland, 
executor. The free gear amounted to ;£^i878, 7s. lod. Will confirmed, 
2d February 1597-98 {Catnmiss. of Edin, Tests, vol. xxxi.). He left, 

7. Walter. (See below,) 

8. William, * son of Mr. Thomas, the abbot,' born at Pitlary, 

— October 1574 {Kai, of Feme), In 1586 King 
James granted him the chaplainry of Morangie for 
life, then held by his brother Walter. Styled * burgess 
of Tain' (Sasine 19th November 1629). From a 
Sasine ist May 1668, * William Ross Abatsone, burgess 
of Tain,' appears to have been living, aged 94. He 
probably had a son * Alexander Williamson, burgess of 
Tain (witness Sasine ist April 1629). 

9. Andrew, * burgess of Tain' (witness Sasine 3rd May 1608). 

Charter of confirmation to him, styled * de Morinschie,' 

and to other burgesses of Tain, of the mill of Aldie, 2 2d 

June 1609 {Great Seal)} 

[i.] Barbara, who received from her father ;£'iooo of tocher 

{Burgh Records, Forres), and married Andrew Moreson. 

She had a daughter, Barbareta, who, both her parents 

being deceased, was (Sasine 2d August 1639) wife to 

Kenneth M*Kenzie, burgess of Dingwall, who died 

before 1666, and was second son of Mr. John 

M*Kenzie, first of Towie. They had two daughters, 

Barbara and Annabella, co-heiress of their mother ; their 

only brother was killed at the battle of Worcester. 

7. Walter Ross, first of Morangie, *son and heir of Mr. Thomas, 

burgess of Forres' 24th April 1587. In 1580 James vi. granted him the 

chaplainry of Morangie for seven years, and in the same year the abbacy 

of Ferne and provostry of Tain, reserving the liferent of both to his father ; 

he was the 2 ist and last comraendator of Ferne. He obtained a charter 

of Easter and Wester Morinches, ist December 1591, and of other abbey 

lands, 24th March 1592 {Great Seal), Like his father he gave a bond not 

to harm John Denune of Catboll, Walter Ross, apparent of Bellamochie, 

being his cautioner, Edinburgh, 2d September 1594 {Reg, P, Coun,), 

In 1596 there was a complaint of oppression made against him by Grissell 

Dunbar, relict of David Ross of Little Rany. {Reg, F. Coun,), In 

1626-29 he appears as burgess of Tain, and in 1644 as * Walter Ross of 

Moringie,' on the valuation roll of the sheriffdom of Inverness and Ross. 

The date of his death is uncertain. He married first Janet Ross, who 

^ Andrew is not mentioned in the wiU of Abbot Thomas, or in that of his wife. 
There is no proof of his being their son. He is probably the Andrew Ross, burgess of 
Tain, who, in 1604, having married Mary, daughter of John M*Gilendris, gave a discharge 
to his father-in-law for 400 marks, his wife's tocher. 

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died at Feme, 2d September 1600 {KaL of Feme)} By her he had three 

10. Mr. Thomas. (See below,) 
\ob, Hugh. 

[i.] Isobell, 'eldest daughter' (Sasine ist May 1626), married 
Hugh Ross of Easterfearn (102). P. 
He married secondly, Alesone Clephane, 'spouse to Walter' (Sasine 
19th November 1629), and had, 

11. John 'eldest son and heir apparent of Walter Ross and 

Alesone Clephane ' (Sasine 8th October 1633). Charter 
to him from his father of the lands of £aster and 
Wester Morinchies, dated at Tain 7th November 1629. 
Styled * fiar of Morinchies' 1640, 'apparent of (Sasine 
8th June 1648), and, as a witness to Sasine 31st January 
1663, • Abatsone, burgess of Tain.' (See/^f/.) 
10. Mr. Thomas Ross, second of Morangie, 'eldest lawful son to 

Walter' (Sasine 8th October 1633). Charter to him of the lands of 

Morinchies 19th December 1636 {Great Seal), Burgess of Tain 1639. 

He died 13th September 1658 {KaL of Feme), having married first, 

. By her he appears to have had a son, 

12. Walter, 'son of Mr. Thomas' (witness Sasines loth April, 

20th June, 7th October 1650). Walter had a son, 
William, but neither of them seem to have inherited 
the lands. 
He married secondly, Jean Stewart, 'his spouse' (Sasine 15th April 
1652) ; *his relict' (8th August 1666), by whom he had, 

13. George. (See below,) 

14. Alexander, 'second son of the second marriage ' (Sasine 

8th August 1666). 

15. David (Sasine 20th February 1667). 

[i.] Elizabeth, married Walter Ross, provost of Tain, 'his 
spouse' (Sasine 15th August 1682). (It is doubtful 
whether she was a daughter of the first or second 
13. George Ross, third of Morangie, 'son of Mr. Thomas, son of 
Walter' (Retours), Heir of provision of the second marriage of Mr. 
Thomas Ross of Morangie, his father (Inq, Gen, 8th February 1698). 
Charter of confirmation to him of the lands of Inverbreakie, 4th February 
1687 {Great Seal), He was of age in or before 1643. He was com- 
missioner of supply for Ross-shire 1685-86 {Acts of Pari) About 1672 he 
registered Arms at the Lyon Office — Mr. George Ross of Morinchie, 
descended of Balnagown, Gu, 3 lioncells rampant between as many stars 
arg. Next is placed on ane torse for his crest a foxhead couped prop. 
Motto — Sfes aspera levat. He died 7th April 1703, having married first, 
Elizabeth Innes, by whom he had, 

16. George, baptized i8th September 1685, in Edinburgh, 

who probably died young. 

^ The testament-dative and inventory of goods were given up by her said husband, 
as father and lawful administrator to their three children. Free gear— ^{^SaS, 13s. 4d. 
She was owing to Walter Ros Johnston, grieve, for his year's fee, anno 1600, £v>. Will 
confirmed, 1st May 1602. Andrew Moresoun, collector depute for the north, is cautioner 
{^Edinb, Tests, vol. xxxvi.) 

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17. William. (See ^/<7w.) 

18. Thomas, called second son in his father's will. 
[i.] Anna, baptized 19th April 1684 {Edinb, Reg,). 

He married secondly, Helen, daughter of the late John Rose, fifth of 
Blackhills; 'now spouse' (Sasine 20th November 1694, making provision 
for the children if any). 

By his will he appointed his eldest son only executor, and his worthy 
friends, cousins, and relations as tutors and curators to his children, viz. : 
George Munro of Newmore, John Ross of Achnacloich, Walter Ross, 
provost of Tain, and James Ross in Culliss. Confirmed 3Tst Januar)- 
1718 (Commiss, of Edinb. Tests,), 

17. William Ross, fourth of Morangie, baptized in Edinburgh, 14th 
August 1688, was by profession a writer. Eldest son of the first marriage 
of deceased George Ross of Morangie, 26th July 17 14 {Great Seal), 
Served heir to his father in the lands of Dibbedale in the parish of 
Kincardine, loth May 1726. About the same time he disposed of the 
town and lands of Easter and Wester Morangie, in the parish of Tain, to 
David Ross of Inverchasley. He married , and had, 

19. John. 

20. William. (See below,) 

20. William Ross, a merchant at Liverpool, who died 13th July 1804, 
having married, 26th January 1768, Nancy Horner, by whom he had, 

21. Henry, {^e^ below,) 

22. William, i^ttpost) 

23. Arthur, died s,p. 

21. Henry, merchant at Liverpool, who died 27th March 1856, having 
married, 15th May 1799, Eleanor, daughter of James Moore, Mayor of 
Lancaster. She died 20th February 1826, leaving, 

24. James Moore, died s,p, 

25. William Homer, died s.p, 1838. 

26. Henry, Solicitor in London, died s,p, 1845. 

27. Stephen. (See below,) 

[i.] Mary, married to W. T. Vane, Mayor of Lancaster, and 
died 1 88 1. 

27. Stephen Ross, baptized at St. James's, Liverpool , and 

died 4th October 1869, having married, 9th April 1833, Charlotte, daughter 
of William Harrison. They had, 

28. Henry Ross, of Dallas House, Lancaster, LL.D., bom 1834, 

married, at Port Louis, Mauritius, Amelie Rachel, second daughter of 
the Rev. J. G. Bichard, and has, 

29. Henry Harrison Stockdale. 

30. Stephen John. 

i.l Amelia Charlotte. 
2.J Henrietta Mabel. 

22. William Ross (see ante) settled in America, and married at Wash- 
ington, North Carolina, Jackey, daughter of John Simpson, by whom he 

31. John, only son, died 5,p, 

[I.l Margaret, married Benjamin Sprail. P. 
2.J Eleanor Pocock, married John B. Chesson. P. 
To retum to 
II. John, eldest son of the second marriage of Walter Ross, first of 

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Morangie. In the Sasine 31st January 1663, another witness is Alexander 
Ross^ * student in Tain/ no paternity given. He signed next to the above 
John, and may have been his son. The next John Ross of whom there 
is mention is John Ross, 'merchant and indweller in Tain,' bailie to a 
sasine on charter to David Ross of Inverchasley, 2d July 1729, probably 
the same as John Ross * residenter in Tain, bailie,' mentioned in Sasines 
24th March 1730, 29th January 1734, 17th and 23d June 1737. In the 
Sasine 1730 Alexander Ross, student in Tain, witness, is named. 

It appears to be certain that a John Ross of the Morangie family, who 
settled in Tain, had two sons, 

(i.) John, a soldier, of whose history nothing is known. 
(2.) Alexander. (See below) 
(2.) Alexander Ross, served as a soldier in Holland, and married 
Margaret M*Intosh, daughter of the provost of Inverness,^ by whom he 
had two sons, 

(3.) John. (See below.) 

(4.) Alexander, commander of the Ordnance during the siege 

of Gibraltar, born in Holland 1748, and dying 

1804, was buried at Gibraltar. He married, 

first, , Margaret, daughter of John Clunes of Neil- 

ston. She died 1792, and left, 

(5.) John Clunes, born 8th November 1790, and died 

at Malta 1863. 

[i.] Margaret Brewse, born 1792. She married 

G. H. Hooper, and had, with other children. 
Rev. Robert Poole Hooper, to whom I am 
indebted for the notice about this branch. 

He married secondly, Helen Inglis, who died s,p, 

(3.) John Ross, a director of the E. I. Company, born at Fort 

Augustus y married at Tangier, , Sarah Minsker, by whom he had 

two daughters, 

[i.] Hannah, married Admiral Sir Richard O'Connor, K.C.H. 

[2.] Margaret, married Patrick O'Connor. P. 

Ross OF PiTCALZEANE. — In 1 58 1 Jamcs VI. confirmed the grant 
made by the Bishop of Ross to Alexander Feme of the half-lands of 
Pitcalzeane. In 1582 a grant was made to Finlay Manson of another 
quarter, and in 1584 another portion was granted to Donald Gibson. 
Andrew Feme, portioner of Pitcalzeane, granted the easter quarter to 
Walter Douglas, burgess of Tain, and Alexander Ross, late bailie {Orig, 
Par. Seal.). In 1662 Andrew Feme of Pitcalzeane was served heir to his 
grandfather Alexander in the half-lands {Retouri), 

David Ross, second son of David Ross, third of Balmachy (193), 
appears as portioner of Meddat and of Pitcalzeane, and in a Sasine of 1648 
on charter under the Great Seal in his favour of the barony of Balnagown, 
David Ross, probably the same, is styled * of Pitcalzeane.' 

In Sasine 15th August 1628 appears George Ross *of Pitcalzeane,' 
who had for his spouse Margaret Denune, and a son, Andrew. In Sasine 
31st July 1649, it is stated that Donald Ross, alias MThomas Nore, in 

* In the Inverness registers the marriage of Margaret M'Intosh does not appear, but 
/j^/M*Intosh married an Alexander Ross, 9th November I 42. 

VOL. v. — NO. XVII. C 

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34 "The Scottish Antiquaiy ; 

Easter Radichies, became owner of part of Pitcalzeane, and had for his 
eldest son, Andrew, who married Agnes, daughter to Alexander Clunes 
of Newtaine. 

In Sasine 3d June 1687 appears Robert Ross * of Pitcalzeane,* and nth 
December the same year John Ross *in Pitcalzeane/ 

Ross OF PiTTOGAKTY. — I. Alexander Ross, notary and clerk of 
Tain, obtained a disposition from Sir John Urquhart of Cromarty of four 
oxgates of the lands of Pittogarty, in the parish of Tain (Sasine 20th July 
1674), and from James Corbat of Balnagall, the half davoch lands of 
Balnagall and others in the parishes of Tain and Tarbat (Sasine nth 
December 1671) ; he died before 1687, leaving, 

2. Andrew, ' his son and heir,' second of Pittogarty, who, in February 
1695, '^^s put to the horn by James Dunbar of Dalcross, for a debt of 
;^20 {^Antiquarian Notes, Mackintosh). 

In 1535 William M*Culloch, third of Plaids, granted a charter of 
Pittogarty to William Denoon. In the Edinburgh Testaments, vol. xlv., 
24th February 1609, there is the following: Testament-dative and 
inventory of goods, etc., which pertained to the deceased Elspeth Ross, 
sometime spouse to Alexander Denovane in Pittogartie, in the parish of 
Tain, given up by the said Alexander, as father and lawful administrator 
to their bairns, David, John, William, Andrew, Kathrine, Cristiane, 
Jonet, Issobell, Elspeth. Will confirmed 23d February 1609, John Ross 
in Cullicudny, cautioner. 

Andrew Ross, provost of Tain, was witness, loth August 1627, to the 
Sasine of John Denune, merchant there, in the lands of Pittogarty. On 
2 2d February 1628, there was a reversion in favour of David Denune, 
and on 1st July 1634 a discharge of reversion by David Denune *of 
Pittogarty,' in favour of the said John Denune, burgess of Tain {Inverness 

Ross OF AND IN Rarichies. — Hugh Ross *of Rarichies' died there 
23d October 1529 {KaL of Feme). 

Alexander, son of William Ross * in Rarichies,' died nth November 
1601 {Kal,), 

Hugh Ross in Easter Rarichies is mentioned in Sasine nth April 
1632. Andrew Ross in Wester Rarichies (witness Sasine 19th October 
1649), ^^^ John Ross in Rarichies (witness Sasine 15th March 1659). 

Andrew Ross, sometime in Rarichies, and afterwards in Auchnaquhyll 
or Achaghyll, who died before June 1698, left a widow, Margaret 
M*Culloch, by whom he had, 

1. Walter, eldest son and heir in Auchnaquhiii. 

2. Samuel, mason in Newnakill. 

3. Hugh. 

4. John. 

5. James. 

6. Andrew. 

Ii.l Margaret, married John Ross, mason, in Pitmaduthie. 
2.^ Helen, married Thomas Ross, saddler, in Tain. 
3.] Isobell, married Alexander Munro in Alness. 
4.] Janet, married Hugh Sutherland in Newnakill. 
These all made a renunciation in favour of David Ross of Balnagown 
of the lands of Achagyll and Badferne in the parish Kilmuir, dated at 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 35 

Balnagown, 31st May 1698. David Ross disponed the above lands in 
liferent to Lady Anna Stewart, his spouse (Sasine 13th June 1698). 

In 1550 the lands of Easter and Wester Rarichies and of Cullis were 
sold by Alexander Ross of Balnagown to William Carnecors, and in 161 5 
these lands had become the property of Sir William Sinclair of Catboll, 
and then passed to Rose of Kilravock through intermarriage with the 
Sinclairs of Dunbeath {Orig, Par. Scot). 

Ross OF RisoLLis. — Thomas Ross *in Risollis' died 5th August 1600, 
and was buried at Cromarty {Kai. of Feme). Perhaps father of 

Thomas Ross *of RisoUis' (mentioned in Sasines 2 2d February 1628, 
ist February 1629, 29th August 1643). Sheriff of Inverness (Sasine 8th 
June 1648). He married Margaret Gordon, relict of Hugh Ross of 
Kindeace, and * now his spouse,' 7th April 1650. She died 5th September 
1665, and w^as buried at Nigg {Kai. of Feme). He had a son, 

John, Mawful son of Thomas Ros of Rysolis' (Sasine 9th October 

Ross OF AND IN TuTiNTARROCH. — This name is spelt in many ways, 
Intumecarrach, Tuttintarvach, Tutamtaruach, etc. It has been impos- 
sible to settle the connection between the following persons : — 

Walter Ross (126), brother of William Ross, third of Invercharron 
(76), styled * of Tutintarroch,' was concerned in the murder of Captain 
James Ross at Tain in 1583 (see Morangie\ and obtained a remission 
under the Great Seal 14th August 1595. 

Malcolm Ross, 'apparent of (witness Sasine 31st July 1607); * in 
Tutintarroch' (Sasine 31st March 1636). 

William Ross *of Tutintarroch' had a son, Walter, who died 29th 
November 1648 {Kalendar of Feme). 

Thomas Ross * in Tutintarroch' had a son, Alexander, who married 
Issobell Ross, widow of Alexander Ross, second of Invercharron (75). 
David Ross of Pitcalnie gave a charter to him and his wife of some lands 
in the bishoprick of Ross (Sasine 30th July 1632). 

John Ross *in Tutintarroch' (witness Sasine i6th March 1665). 

Andrew Ross in Musselburgh. — Andrew Ross, whose paternity 
is not stated, was a relative of the Shandwick family ; writing to Bailie 
Donald Ross, 29th March 1732, he sends 'his humble respects to his 
worthie frinde, old Shandwook, to your Laday, my Cousine.' He was a 
wealthy clothier at Musselburgh, and, dying — November 1735, left two 

[i.] Grissell, married to John Rose of BlackhiU, in the parish 
Old Nairn, 14th July 1732, witnesses, Charles Hay of 
Hopes, and William Fraser, writer, Edinburgh {Ifweresk 
[2.] Christian, married to Charles Hay of Hopes. 
His testament-dative and inventory of goods were given up by his 
sons-in-law, his daughters being executrices. 

Amount of inventory and debts, ;;^23,675, iis. 

Will confirmed 30th December 1735 (Commiss. of Edinb. Tests., vol. 

Grissell Ross, sister of the above Andrew, was married 17th February 
1 7 13 to Mr. William Lindsay, late schoolmaster of Musselburgh {Inveresk 

Digitized by 


36 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Andrew Ross, Provost of Tain. — i. Andrew Ross (paternity 
not stated), styled * burgess of Tain' in Sasines 1624-26, * provost,' 
1627-38, 'sometime provost' (Sasine 26th May 1640). He died 4th 
October 1660 i^KaL of Ferne\ having married first Margaret Ross, charter 
to her, his spouse, of a liferent in the lands of Wester CatboU (Sasine 
2ist April 1630), and again, 7th August 1651, of part of the lands of 
Mikill Allane, which he had acquired by charter from James, grandson 
and heir of John Ferguson, burgess of Tain. They had, 

2. William. (See below.) 

[i.] Muriel, 'daughter to the provost' (Sasine 4th March 


L'he provost married, secondly, Bessie Gray. As relict of Andrew Ross, 
sometime provost of Tain, she obtained a disposition of lands in Dornoch 
from John Gray in ArbolL She had a son also called William. 

2. William Ross, 'eldest son of the provost' (Sasine i6th April 1633), 
'elder, burgess of Tain' (witness 7th October 1650). He died before 
1658, having married , by whom he had, 

3. Andrew, eldest son and apparent heir of deceased William 

Ross, burgess of Tain, who died vested in the lands 
of Wester Geanies, apparent heir to his grandfather, 
Andrew, provost of Tain (Sasine ist February 1658). 
ctyled 'bailie of Tain' 1665, 'provost' (Sasine 24th 
February 1669, witness). 

4. William, ' son to deceased William Ross, bailie of Tain ' 

(Sasine 4th March 1670, witness). He apparently 

had a son, Alexander, ' son of William Ross, burgess 

of Tain (witness Sasine nth December 1673), and 

a daughter Margaret, married to John Ross of Aldie 


Andrew Ross, provost of Tain, may perhaps have been son of Thomas, 

Abbot of Feme (see Morangie), burgess of Tain, 1608, therefore bom in 

or before 1587. 

Benjamin Ross, Bailie of Tain. — He married, , 1788, Jean, 

daughter of Bailie Millar, and had, 

George, baptized at Tain, 20th May 1789. 
Mary, baptized 30th October 1791. 
Margaret, baptized 29th September 1794. 
James, baptized nth May 1796. 
Elizabeth, baptized i6th July 1798. 

286. Old Painting at Crail (vol. iv. p. 153). — The Crail Mariner in 
last issue is represented as taking an observation of the sun with a Davis's 
quadrant for the purpose of finding the latitude. This is the kind of 
quadrant used by Lord Anson in his famous voyage round the world, 
1740-44. One exists in the Trinity House, Leith; another, dated 1701, 
was shown in the Naval and Military Exhibition in Edinburgh last y6ar; 
and, doubtless, many others exist throughout the country. It was super- 
seded by Hadle/s quadrant, which was invented in the last century, and 
gradually went out of use. A. H. 

287. Old Dutch Box (vol. iv. pp. 176, 177).— From the account given 
of this box, and more especially from the excellent delineations which 
show its real appearance, it is evident that this is one of several similar 
boxes, three of which belong to Newcastle collectors, one to a gentleman 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 37 

living at Ebchester, and another to Mr. George Smith of Coalville, Crick, 

It is through the instrumentality of Mr. George Smith that these facts 
are known. Mr. Smith wrote to the Manchester Examiner on 26th 
November 1888, enclosing a certificate relating to a so-called 'mystical 
copper and brass box,' which a gypsy of the name of Lee had given to 
Mr. Smith, along with the certificate referred to— itself undoubtedly 
mystifying. In this document Lee states that the box ' is the heirloom of 
our family, gypsy Lees, and was handed to me by my father, Zachariah 
Lee, over thirty years ago, and which was held by him from his father and 
ancestors back to the date shown on the mystical box,' which date is alleged 
CO be XZ97. ^"^ ^^^ words engraved on the box, corresponding to those 
shown in the third of the drawings in N, N. ^ Q., are said by Uie gypsy 
to signify * Right Door Lee,' while Mr. Smith, with equal reason, offers 
the alternative ' Right through the Sea.' This box, with its curious history, 
formed the subject of a notice in the Graphic of 4th May 1889, where an 
engraving of it is given (from which the possessor of the specimen de- 
scribed \x\ N. N. b* Q. will at once see that the two are of exactly the 
same order, though differing in minor details). The Graphic account 
worked a notice in the Newcastle Daily Chronicle of 23d May 1889, 
announcing that three similar boxes existed at Newcastle, and a fourth at 
Ebchester. The last-named specimen is thus described : * It is of brass, 
about 8 inches long and i^ inches deep, has on it the exact inscription 
which appeared in the Graphic^ and bears the date 1482. The characters 
appear to me to be Dutch, and there is clearly an almanac engraved on 
the box,* 

With regard to these alleged dates, it may be said that the gypsies 
claimed 1182 and 1 197 as the dates inscribed on their box. The date 
1 197 was read as 1497 by Mr. Smith, and it corresponds with the number 
in the first of the three views in N, N, &* Q. Mr. Smith also interpreted 
the gypsies' I182 as 1482. This number appears in the second of the 
Ni N, df* Q, drawings ; and in the same position as on Mr. Smith's box. 
The Ebchester box, it has just been seen, has also * 1482 ' upon it. And 
one, at any rate, of the Newcastle specimens is said to have * 1582.' 

But, whatever these figures may denote, it appears to be quite an 
error to regard them as indicating the year of the almanacs. Apart from 
the consideration that it is doubtful whether the Arabic numerals were 
used in the Netherlands or in this country in 1482, it will be found that 
the actual date of the almanac is given at the end of the almanac itself. 
This was discovered by Mr. H. T. Crofton, of Manchester, to whom the 
question was submitted by the Editor of the Gypsy Lore Society's /oumal, 
from which periodical (vol. i. pp. 176, 311, 312. Edinburgh: Constable) 
the foregoing statements are taken. Thus, the almanac on Mr. Smith's 
box is of the year 1765. And an expert, to whom Mr. Crofton submitted 
the engraving, gives this explanation : — 

* It is a simple almanack for 1 765. The months are arranged according 
to the day of the week on which the first day of the month falls, but are in 
this order — Tues., Mon., Sun., Satur., FrL, Thurs., Wednes. 

*The numbers over the total number of days in each month have been 
probably misread in the engraving from the box. '* hey should denote 
the order of succession of the months — March i, April 2, May 3, June 4, 
Julys, August 6, Sept. 7, Oct. 8, Nov. 9, Dec. 10, Jan. 11, Feb. 12 (the 

Digitized by 


38 The Scotlish Antiquary ; 

Roman order). The figures in the circles at the ends are probably the 
Virgin and the Pope(?).' 

This last conjecture, if applied to the specimen in N. N. &*. Q.^ can 
scarcely be regarded as correct, since it would indicate that the Virgin was 
a grown woman in the year B.C. 45. But the figures and dates (if they be 
dates) in the three circles all require explanation. 

What seems quite certain is that the date of the almanac in the 
N. N. &* Q. drawing is 1751. The figures occur, as in Mr. Smith's box, 
after the last day of the month, and in Mr. Smith's box also each figure 
occupies a separate compartment of the table. In the one case the date 
is 1765, and in the other 1751. 

This conclusion does not agree with the statement that the present 
owner of the box * can trace it back far more than a century in his own 
family ' ; unless it should appear that 'far more * is a printer's error for 
^/or more,' in which event the statement is quite reconcilable with the 
date. This conjecture is probably correct^ In view of the facts already 
stated, it seems quite impossible that a box which had been in England 
for centuries could bear * 175 1 ' in the same place as the ' 1765 * of Mr. 
Smith's box, not to repeat the various other characteristics showing an 
exactly similar origin. 

That these six boxes, though differing in a few minor details, have a 
kindred history seems beyond a doubt They are all very curious and 
interesting, and several of the inscriptions on them await explanation. 
Their real nature could, no doubt, be readily explained by a Dutch 
antiquary. David MacRitchik. 


288. Persecution of the Clan Gregor. — The accession of James 
VI. to the throne of England led, as every student of history knows, 
to vast changes in the condition of Scotland ; not only was the power of 
the Border Moss Troopers broken by the pressure brought to bear on 
them equally from south and north, but the Scottish government was in a 
position to deal firmly with the clans. Firmness and harshness were in 
those days equivalent terms, and certainly in the case of the Clan 
M'Gregor the government showed a ferocity not only in language but in 
deed which suggest the vindictive pleasure a bully takes in torturing a 
weakened foe before whom he has hitherto trembled. The Clan system 
was primitive in its character, and had become unsuited to a land which 
was now hoping to live in peace and to prosper by commerce and handi- 
craft. But the system had been retained as useful, and the very corrup- 
tions that had grown up in it had been fostered by a government who 
made use of the clans as a magazine from which fighting men could 
be drawn in time of war. The history of the persecution which the 
Clan M'Gregor suffered will be found in the printed volumes of the 
Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, They were designated, * The 
wicked and unhappie race of Clan Gregour, quha sa lang hes continewit 
in bluid, thift, reif, and oppressioun' (vol. ix. p. xxxiv.). In 1603 — the 
very year of James's accession to the throne of England— an Act of the 
Scottish Council was passed, * proscribing the Clan utterly, and decreeing, 
under pain of death, the disuse of the very name Macgregor by all per- 
sons of the clan' (vol. vi. p. 558 n. and Introd. p. Iv.). To the Earl of 

1 Yes. —Ed, 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 39 

Argyll was intrusted the carrying out of this edict. The first fruits of it 
were the hanging and quartering, at the Market Cross of Edinburgh, of 
Alexander Macgregor of Glenstrae, the chief of the clan, and eleven of his 
principal kinsmen and retainers. After this the persecution, for such it in 
reality was, became less active; but the ninth volume of the Register 
(1610-1613), lately published, shows that the king, having determined to 
subjugate the Highlands as he had the Borders, commenced a * war of 
absolute extermination against the Macgregors, root and branch ' (vol. ix. 
p. XXXV.). Six pages of Professor Masson's excellent Introduction is taken 
up with quotations from the Acts of Council from August 161 o to Januarj' 
16 1 3. All who wish to understand the fiery trial through which the bravest 
of Scotsmen had to pass should study these with care ; it may, however, 
interest such readers as cannot easily gain access to the Register of Privy 
Council to give a short summary. 

Aug. 1610 (pp. 46-49 and 54). Commissions of fire and. sword against 

the Macgregors to twenty nobles and lairds. By the terms of the 

commission * they were to be put beyond the pale of society, and 

hunted down as mere vermin ' (vol. ix. p. xxxv.). 

Nov. 16 10 to Jan. 161 1. * Macgregor-hunting apparently over for the 

season ' (p. xxxvi.). 
Jan. and Feb. 161 1. Some Macgregors fortify an island in Loch Katrine 
(? Ellen's Isle of the Lculy of the Lake). An expedition was planned 
against them which collapsed, and they escaped from the island 
(pp. xxxvL, xxxvii.). 
April 161 1. Commission to the Earl of Arg}'ll to take supreme charge of 

the hitherto mismanaged business (pp. xxxvii., xxxviii.). 
May and June 161 1. Wives and children of the Macgregors when 
caught were to be branded on the face with a key, and then trans- 
ported to such parts as might seem fittest for their residence. A 
price was set on the heads of six Macgregor chiefs (pp. xxxviii., xxxix.). 
July to November 161 1. The campaign vigorously prosecuted. Some 
hardened Macgregors were to be transported to the Lowlands, Fife- 
shire, and shires south of Forth (pp. xxxix., xL). Their names, of 
course, were changed 
December 161 1 to December 161 2. Many details are given showing how 

the campaign was carried on (pp. xl, xli.}. 
January 161 3. Various edicts concerning them, ending with an enact- 
ment that none of the clan who had been concerned * in the said old 
slaughter of Glenfruin * * sail at ony tyme efter the publicatioun heirof 
beir or weir ony kind of armour, except ane pointless knyfe to cut 
thair meate, under pane of dead ' (p. xli.). 
The business did not, however, end here, and future volumes of the 
Register of Council will show how Macgregor-hunting was carried on. 

A few extracts may throw additional light on the atrocious nature of 
the whole proceedings. Feb. 16 10. — * If any person of the name of 
M'Gregour shall slay another of the same name of as good rank as him- 
self, he shall have a free pardon for all his faults on finding caution to 
answer to the laws thereafter. Further, if any other person shall slay 
Duncane M'Ewne M'Gregour, now called the Laird, or Robert Abroch 
M'Gregour, or John Dow M*Allaster M*Gregour, or Callum M*Gregour of 
CouII, or Deulchay M*Gregour, or M'Robert M*Gregour, his brother, then 
such slayer of any of the said persons, or of any of that race, shall have a 
reward in money according to the quality of the person slain, — the least 

Digitized by 


40 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

sum to be loo merks, and for the chieftains ;f looo a piece* (p. 125). 
Nor were these offers unclaimed, for we find (p. 128) that a *warrand was 
subscry vit for delyverie of ane hundred merkis to the Laird of Lundy (?) 
for the heid of Gregour Ammonach.' Ed. 

289. Hogmanay (see Note 253, vol. iv. p. 155). — The late Rev. John 
Henry Blunt, in his History of Dursley^ Gloucestershire, gives many 
interesting extracts from the churchwardens' accounts. We find, inter alia 
(page 49) :— 

* HoGGLiNG Money. — The churchwardens regularly received a small 
sum yearly towards the expenses of the church under the name of 
" Hoggling Money." The entry occurs in eighteen years out of forty-seven 
years; out of the forty-seven years following and including 1579 the 
smallest sum being 5s. iid., the largest ;^i, 6s. In 162 1 the entry is 
" when wee went a hoggling," ;£'i, 3s. yd. ; in 1622, "in going a hoglen," * 
i6s. 3d.; and in 1626, "for hoggling," 19s. sd. In several years there 
are entries of sums " receaved upon newe yeares day," or on " New year's 
eve," the sums being of similar amounts to the hoggling money, and the 
latter being never entered in the same year. " Hogling " is a well-known 
term for a lamb, as " Hog " is for a young sheep ; and as New Year's Day 
was the twenty-fifth of March in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, it 
is not altogether unlikely that Hoggling Money was a tax upon the early 
lambs, those which had made their appearance before the BailifTs inaugura- 
tion into his office, which was on New Year's Day. On the other hand, 
the ancient New Year's Eve custom of ** Mumming," which is still known 
in the north by the name of " Hogmany," may once have been an official 
business gravely supervised by the churchwardens. There were also two 
" Hoke-days," on the first of which the men placed ropes across the street 
and taxed all the passers-by, the women doing the same on the second day. 
At Hock-tide, as at Christmas, plays were performed ; and the two days seem 
to have been the Monday and Tuesday after Low Sunday. This is the 
sort of thing they used to sing as their " Hagmena Song " in Yorkshire : — 

" To-night it is the New Year's Night, to-morrow is the day, 
And we are come for our right and for our ray, 
As we used to do in old King Henry's Day ; 

Sing feUows, sing hag-man, ha ! 
If you go to the bacon-flick cut me a good bit, 
Cut, cut it low, beware of your maw, 
Cut, cut it round, beware of your thumb, 
That me and my merry men may have some, 

Sing fellows, sing hag-man, ha ! 
If you go to the black ark, bring me ten marks, 
Ten marks ten pound, throw it down upon the ground, 
That me and my merry men may have some, 

Sing fellows, sing hag-man, ha ! " 

—Brandos Pop. Antiq, 461. Bohn*s Edition.* 

1 But the same entry is found in the churchwardens' accounts of Cheddar in Somerset- 
shire ; and the amount received there in 1631 was £10^ 3s. 4d. \N, 6- Q, ill., iii. 423]. 
Another name for it appears to have been *HoehaIl money.* Thus, in N. ^ 
ii. 275, the following is printed as having been found * on the margin of an old folio * : 
* Mrs. Wriffht indebted to Richard Basset for keeping a mare four weeks for work, 
Ss. 6d. by the Hoghall money, is. 6d. 1784.* The word ' Hoke day * is found as far 
back as 1255 (5th Report Com. on Hist. MSS., p. 335). Also rent was to be paid in 1387 
at Michaelmas and ' le Hokke ' [Hocktide]. See also foot-note, p. 63, of * Calendar of 
Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London,' vol. i., and Archttol. 
vol. \'ii, 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 41 

290, Lease of a Whisky Still, 1687. — Whereas it is condiserned 
Betwixt John Campbell of Ardchattan and Georg orre aqua bruster that is 
to say the Tors'* Georg orre is to take y* eall house of Ardchattan w' y* 
crafte kill and aquavit® pitt Service an . . . ing y'to is to be at May 
nixt 1687 yeares till May day jajvi & eightie eighte years and is to pay to 
the fors** Jon Campbell two gallons of aquavitae out of the fors** crafte kill 
and peitt and he is to leave the fors"* kill sufficient and is to leave the 
house waterdight and is to leave the fors*^ peitt as he receaves it as also 
the fors"* Georg is obleidged to make sufficient malte of the bear of 
Ardchattane and of the yeard bear and is to gett nine peck of meall out of 
ilk boll malt and Lykwise the fors"* George is obleidged to leave the yeard 
of Ardchattane sufficient shower w' keall and herses ....(?) and in 
good order and to leave trees conform to his former condiscane w^ is fyve 
hundreth yeirly and y* at May day jajvi and eightie eight and he is to get 
out of fors** yaird four bolls of meall the half y'of at Candlemis nixt and 
y* other halfe at his removale both pairties obleidging ourselves to fullfiU y* 
premisses heirof Sub' w* their hand at Ardchattane the 20 of Aprill the 

yeir of God 1687. 

Georg orr. Jo Campbell. 


CXX,I. Ogilvy of Kempcairn. — Can any one inform the subscriber 
where information relating to this family can be obtained, or add 
to the following notes ? — 

Kempcairn is situated in the parish of Keith and county of 
Banff. The family of Ogilvy, who appear to have possessed it 
for upwards of 200 years, is said to be descended from a brother 
of the first nobleman of the family of Findlater {see Maidment), 

On 28th July 1539, John Ogilvy of Kempcairn appears as a 
juryman at the retour of James Grant of Freuchie, and again on 
6th October 1553 at the retour of John Grant of Mulben. 
Letters of Legitimation are granted on 12th October 1556 to 
John, natural son of John Ogilvy in Kempcairn {Reg, Mag, Sig.) 
On 1 6th June 1580 James Ogilvy of Kempcairn and his wife, 
Elizabeth Bade or Johnstoun (? daughter of John Johnstoun 
alias Watt) are confirmed in a charter, dated ist March 1565, by 
Walter, Abbot of Kinross, of the eight oxgate lands of Nether 

From the Acts of Parliament we learn that Alexander Ogilvie 
of Kempcairn in 1641 was a justice for suppressing broken men, 
on Committee of War 1643, 1644, 1648, and 1649, a Colonel of 
horse and foot 1649, ^ Commissioner of Supply 1656 and 1659 
and of Excise 1661. He married Katherine, fourth daughter 
of James Grant, fifth of Freuchie, and died about 1670. He 
had at least two sons, John and Walter. The latter appears to 
have predeceased his father, and on 2d March 1671 Alexander 
Ogilvy his son was served heir to him. This is probably the 
Alexander Ogilvy designed *of Kempcairn,' who in 1677 married 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander Burnett of Leys, 

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42 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

John Ogilvy of Kempcaim was on Committee of War in 1648 
and 1649, ^ Commissioner of Supply for Banffshire 1667, 1685, 
1689, 1690, and 1704, and was probably the father of Lieutenant 
John Ogilvy of Kempcairn, whose widow, Anne Gordon, died at 
Inverness on 12th February 1747, leaving an only surviving 
child, Jean. Jean Ogilvy married, in 1 740, Alexander Grant of 
Corrimony, Inverness-shire, who was the eldest son of John 
Grant of Corrimony, and Mary, eldest daughter of Alexander 
Keith of Kidshill, and who was born in 1 7 1 7 and died at Nairn 
1797. He was actively engaged in the rising of 1745 ^^^ ^^s 
wounded at Culloden. By their marriage they had issue : — 

1. James Grant of Corrimony, born 17th April 1743, 

advocate 21st February 1767, died 12 th September 
1835, being then father of the bar. From him are 
descended Sir James Alexander Grant, K.C.M.G., 
M.D., and James Grant, the well-known novelist 

2. Anna, born 7th February 1745, married Cameron of 


3. Catharine, born 24th March 1746. 

4. John, born 23d December 1747. 

5. Peter, born 23d July 1749. 

?: mSbefh'} t-"^ •'^^ ^'^^ O'^^^'^^' '750. 

8. Alexander, born 8th January 1752, died in infancy. 

9. Jean Ogilvy, born 29th March 1753, died unmarried. 

10. Henrietta, born 9th December 1756, was twice married. 

11. William, bom 9th March 1758. 

12. Alexander, born 4th August 1760. 

Captain James Grant of Wester Elchies, who died in 
October 1740, is said to have married a daughter of 
Kempcairn. Carrick Pursuivant. 

CXLII. Thomas Stewart.-— Can any one inform me who the Thomas 
Stewart was who petitioned the Scotch Parliament for a debt of 
6000 merks owing him by * Claverse,' Viscount Dundee, whose 
estate was confiscated after his death at Killiecrankie ? 

W. Lyon. 

CXLIII. Stewarts of Dowallv. — Where can I find pedigrees of the 
Steuarts of Dowally, or any other branch of the Steuarts of Card- 
neys and Dalguise ; also pedigrees of Lindsay of Enelick, Tours 
of Inverleith, or of any of the Murray families in Perthshire ? 

W. Lyon. 
46 Harcourt Terrace, London, S.W. 

CXLIV. Family of Blackader of that Ilk in the County of Ber- 
wick.— Wanted information concerning the founder of this 
family, and who is the present representative ? J. A. B. 

CXLV. Cardinal George Innes. — A notice of Cardinal George 
Innes by the Rev. Dr. John Geddes is inserted in the Archao- 
logia Scotica, vol. ii. pp. 129-133. The facts there stated 
prompt the desire for more information as to a Scot who, almost 
^ century and a quarter prior to the celebrated Beaton, had 

Digitized by 


oVy Northei'u Notes and Queries, 43 

been created Cardinal by Pope John xxiii., even after his 
declinature of the signal distinction from one of Pope John's 
predecessors. About the end of the fourteenth century Innes 
was Superior of the Trinitarians or Red Friars at Aberdeen, and 
it is just possible that some one of the successive fellowships of 
antiquaries in that locality may have come recently upon addi- 
tional traces of him. The reference to him, doubtless, in the 
collection on the shires of Aberdeen and Banff issued by a 
former Spalding Club is rather disappointing. * George Innes, 
monk at Aberdeen, died abroad, was alive in 14 14.' Cardinal 
George Innes attended the council of Constance to its close in 
April 1 41 8, and was recommended, it seems, by Pope Martin v. 
for the first vacant see thereafter in Scotland, but died on his 
way thither, likely about a.d. 1419. J. G. F. C. 

CXLVI. LiNDESAY OF CRAWFORD, A.D. 1 190. — SiR, — I ask leave to in- 
quire of Scottish antiquaries if they can suggest to me any 
probable depository of ancient deeds likely to afford evidence 
that William de Lindesay, proprietor of Crawford in 1190, had 
a younger son William. 

A very strong presumption that such was the fact is created 
by — I. The succession of the younger William's representative to 
the lands of Crawford about 1320, when the last descendant of 
the elder William's eldest son (David) died s,p, 2. The non- 
appearance of any other son of the elder William called by the said 
Christian name. 3. The circumstance that William the younger 
and David, eldest son of the elder, were of the same generation. 
4. The representative of William the younger adopted an 
addition to his armorial ensigns afler succeeding to Crawford, 
apparently taken from the arms of Alienora, wife of William the 
elder. 5. The existence of the same Christian names in both 
families of the surname. 

It is probable that very early deeds relating to the lands of 
Brenerile in County Ayr (now Brenwell), or of Ercildun in 
County Roxburgh, or of Luffness in County Haddington, would 
throw light on the point ; but of these I have hitherto heard of 
none, except such as are printed in monastic chartularies. 

For the guidance of any brother antiquary who may be dis- 
posed to consider the question I have put, I may state — 

1. That the accounts of the Crawford family in Douglas and 
Crawford's peerages are very erroneous. 

2. That the statement in the appendix to the ist volume of 
the Lives of the Lindsays is inaccurate to this extent, viz. that 
William Lindsay of Luffness and David Lindsay of the same 
were probably identical with William and David of Crawford ; 
also that Alienora de Limesi was wife of William the elder, not 
of David his son as there stated. 

3. Luffness was, I think, a far more important property than 
Crawford in the 12th century, being nearer the seat of govern- 
ment, and a port. 

A. Lindsay sat in Parliament as Baron of Luffness in 1 180, but 

Digitized by 


44 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

it cannot be proved that Crawford was a barony held in chief of 
the king until a much later date. 

I am extremely desirous of finding legal evidence directly 
instructing that William the elder (of Luffness and Crawford) 
had a younger son William, because the descent of the present 
Earl of Crawford as heir-male of the body of the younger 
William is proved by perfectly conclusive legal evidence. 

That Lord Crawford is also heir-male of the body of the 
elder William is, as I have shown, very nearly certain ; and the 
discovery of an early deed showing that William the elder had 
a younger son William would prove the heirship conclusively. 
— I have the honour to be, your obedient servant, 

W. A. Lindsay, F.S.A. (Portcullis). 
College of Arms, London, E.C. 

CXLVIL *TouRE of Straphillane.' — According to the Black Book 
of Taymoutky Sir Colin Campbell, first laird of Glenorchy, 
built the ' Toure of Straphillane,' and there he died on the 24th 
September 1480. Where is or was this tower? 

J. Christie. 

CXLVIIL The Family of Brown. — Does any one know if the 
Browns of Cockburnspath, in Berwickshire, are a branch of the 
Coalston Browns in Haddingtonshire ? 

J. R. Brown. 
58 Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh. 

CXLIX. Samuel Rutherford. — Information desired on the follow- 
ing points regarding Samuel Rutherford, the well-known divine, 
author of Lex Rex^ and Principal of St Mary's College, St 
Andrews : — (i) Who was his father ? (2) and his eldest brother ? 
(3) Does any one know of the existence of an authentic portrait 
of Samuel Rutherford? (4) What was his coat-of-arms ? (5) 
more particularly his crest and motto ? Ibid. 

CL. Families of Bulloch, Stobo, Glen, Baillie. — Information is 
wanted concerning — 

i. The Rev. James Bulloch, who was in South Carolina in 
1729. He was educated in Scotland. 

ii. The Rev, Archibald Stobo; went to Darien (Darien 
Scheme), and was left in Carolina. 

iii. Dr. John Irvine, of Scotland ; said to be the son of 
Charles Irvine and his wife Euphemia Douglas. 

iv. Families of Glen and Baillie, who emigrated to Georgia 
in 1734 or thereabouts. 

Members of the above families held high office in the United 
States. J. G. Bulloch, M.D. 

Digitized by 


oKy Northern Notes and Queries, 45 


CIX. John Sobieski Stuart. — It is stated that Captain Thomas Hay 
Allen, supposed to be the son of the young Chevalier, died about 
1831 ; this is incorrect, he died on February 14th, 1852, at 22 
Henry Street, Clerkenwell, where he had resided for seven years 
preceding his decease, during which time he never once left his 
apartments ; he was buried in old St. Pancras Churchyard, where 
a stone is said to have been placed to his memory, but this can- 
not now be found. 

He was known sometimes by the name of Allen, some- 
times by that of Salmon ; his time was chiefly passed in reading 
and writing, and his correspondence was the subject of his 
greatest solicitude. His female attendant stated that he was 
connected with the highest in the land, but he had reasons for 
living in absolute and complete retirement. 

After assiduous inquiry no record can be found as to his birth 
or baptism. 

Much more may be written respecting his two sons, John 
Sobieski and Charles Edward Stuart, should it be desirable. 

J. G. Godwin. 

In answer to a query in Northern Notes and Queries I sent 
some information for the next issue regarding the two 'Stuarts.' 
I have found that I was not quite correct, and I now hasten to 
ask you to cancel what I sent and to substitute the following : — 

John Sobieski Stuart died in February 1872, leaving no issue. 
His widow, Georgina, second surviving daughter of Edward 
Kendall, E^q., J.P., died in 1888. He was created Count 
d'Albanie abroad — I think, by the Emperor of Austria. 

Charles Edward Stuart (Count C. E. D'Albanie) died some 
years after his brother. He married a widow nSe Beresford, and 
had issue one son and three daughters. The son, young Charles, 
was in the Austrian army. He married Lady Alice Hay, daughter 
of the Earl of Errol, and predeceased his father. The eldest 
sister is dead, another is Comtesse du Piatt, and the third is 
unmarried. Miss Clementina Stuart. 

I hope this will satisfy your querist. John J. Reid.^ 

Exchequer, Edinburgh, 22d August 1889. 

CXXIV. Paterson of Bannockburn.— I have to thank 2 for drawing 
my attention to the apparent discrepancy in Sir Hugh Paterson's 
marriage. The authorities for the statement are (i) an entry in 
the Register of Marriages of the city of Edinburgh, dated i8th 
August 1654, of marriage of Hugh Paterson writer & Elizabeth 
Ker' ; and (2) a pedigree in the Lyon Office, drawn up in 1738, 
and signed by a number of the Scottish Peers, which says : * D. 
Hugo Paterson de Bannockburn miles et Baronettus uxorem 

^ Mr. Reid, Queen's Remembrancer, died soon after sending in this communication. 
He was a man of great antiquarian attainments, and was most ready to make those of use 
to others. He contributed to the first No. of N, N, &* Q,^ and ever took a kindly 
interest in its welfare. Ed. 

Digitized by 


46 The Scottish Antiqiuiry ; 

habuit Elizabetham Ker fil. D. Thoniae Ker de Fernyhirst, 
milites,' and *D. Thomas Ker de Fernyhirst miles uxorem habuit 
Janam Scot fiL D. Walter! Scot de Buccleugh milites.' Sir Hugh 
Paterson had a brother, Robert, who, on 3d November 1682, he 
appointed Under Keeper of the Signet. 

Carrick Pursuivant. 

CXXV. Kant. — Professor Wallace, in his volume on Kant published 
in the * Philosophical Classics ' by Blackwood, gives some par- 
ticulars about Kant's descent. Kant himself (p. 8) wrote : * My 
grandfather, who resided as a citizen in the Prusso-Lithuanian 
town of Tilsit, was of Scottish descent.' In the vestry books of 
Memel this grandfather is entered as Hans Kandt or Kant 
The philosopher, however, at first spelt his name Cant as his 
father had done ; but finding it pronounced Tsant, he made use 
of the form Kant. Johann George Kant or Cant, the father of 
Immanuel, was born 1683; both he and his father John were 
strap-makers. It seems that it might be possible to trace John 
Cant the elder to Scotland, If he left his home, as did many, 
during the persecutions of Charles the Second's reign, he may 
have already have become a burgess of Edinburgh, St. Andrews, 
or Dunfermline; and if so, his name and trade would be recorded. 
Robert Cant, notary public, was a burgess of Dunfermline in 
1675, and the name was not uncommon in Edinburgh and I^ith. 
We hope our readers will keep the subject in view. 


CXXXI. Napier Family. — The information given in reply to this 
query is only satisfactory so far as it goes. More is requested. 
It may be noted that the name occurs in the Dunfermline 
Registers, and it is quite possible that some of our readers may 
be able to throw more light on the history of the family. 


CXXXIX. Submerged Cities. — In one Scottish lake, at all events, the 
legend of a submerged city has existed and received singular 
corroboration. Such a tradition was connected with the Loch of 
Dorvalton in Wigtownshire, a sheet of water covering about 400 
acres. When it was drained in 1863 a number of crannogs or 
lacustrine dwellings were revealed At that time little was known 
about these structures in Britain ; their existence was not sus- 
pected in many lakes where they have since been identified. Of 
the systematic exploration of these, which took place under the 
direction of my late father, of the present Duke of Northumber- 
land, and of the late Dr. John Stuart, a full account may be 
found in the Proceedings of the Society of Scottish Antiquaries^ and 
in Dr. Munro's work on Lake Dwellings, The collapse of the 
material composing these islands, aided apparently by the rise 
in the water-level consequent on the growth of peat at the out- 
let, had caused them to disappear below the surface, and there 
can be little doubt that tradition had faithfully preserved a 
record of the fact. Tradition, though not to be relied on in the 

Digitized by 


or, Northei'ii Notes and Queries. 47 

absence of confirmation, should never be slighted or ignored. 
Within a few miles of Dorvalton Loch, on the shores of 
Luce Bay, is the cave known from very early times as St. 
Ninian's Cave. Nothing but oral tradition, coupled with a men- 
tion by Ailred that the evangelist of the Picts was wont to retire 
to a sea-cave for meditation, warranted the name of this among 
many similar caverns on that coast, yet when it was explored in 
1884-85 there were found under many feet of debris convincing 
proofs that the cave had been associated with the name of 
Ninian for at least many centuries. Eighteen crosses of a very 
early character, some engraved on the rock walls, others formed 
of detached stones, a pavement of flags, a stone formed into the 
semblance of a font, a Latin inscription in which the letters 
SANCT NiN were plainly traceable — these were among the interest- 
ing evidence that rewarded our exertions. 

Herbert Maxwell. 


The Castellated and Domestic ArchiUciure of Scotland {vdi iii.), by David 
MacGibbon and Thomas Ross, Architects. Edinburgh : David Douglas. — 
Scottish archaeologists are fortunate in numbering amongst them two 
men so well qualified for the task they have undertaken as Messrs. 
MacGibbon and Ross, and so indefatigable in carrying it to a successful 
conclusion. In Scotland the relics of the past have suffered from blind 
fury, but even more from ignorant reconstruction. Those owners of old 
buildings have been kindest who have treated them with cold neglect. 
The volume before us will show to a future age what wealth of mediaeval 
work there once was in the land; it may also encourage some of our 
landowners to preserve the crumbling walls of old towers and mansions, 
and at the same time to avoid any attempt at that sort of restoration 
which is more destructive than neglect. Many of the edifices described 
and depicted in this volume only need to be made weather-proof — from 
situation and construction they are not suited to modern requirements. 
The introduction to vol. iii. is particularly interesting ; it deals with the 
peculiar characteristics of Scottish fortified buildings, and traces the 
gradual introduction of arrangements for comfort of living, so that it 
happened to ' Squier Meldrum ' when he 

* Went to repois 
He fand his chamber weill arrayit 
With domik work on buird displayit.' 

—Sir David Lindsay. 

The illustrations, of which the book is full, are drawn and engraved with 
great care, and there is a good index. 

History of the Episcopal Church at Keith^ in the Diocese of Moray ^ in 
the \ith^ iSth, and x^th Centuries^ by the Rev. John Archibald, M.A., 
Incumbent Edinburgh : R. Grant and Son. — This little book is a 
reprint of several interesting articles which appeared in the Scottish 
Guardian, Though it will naturally be chiefly valued by Episcopalians, 
the general reader will find in it a good description of the ecclesiastical 
struggles of the 17th and i8th centuries as they affected a district dis- 

Digitized by 


48 The Scottish Antiquary, 

tinguished alike for loyalty to the House of Stuart and to the Episcopal 
Church. We venture to think that the volume would have been of more 
value if the reader had been left to form his own conclusions. In a 
history containing so much that is in itself instructive, the reader is dis- 
posed to resent the frequent introduction of * thoughts suggested by the 
foregoing narrative.' 

The Sheriffdom of Ciackmannany by James Wallace, Sheriff-Clerk of 
Clackmannanshire. Edinburgh : James Thin.— Contains prefatory notes 
extending over forty pages, on the office, powers, and duties of a Sheriff, 
and the forms of process in a Sheriff-Court These notes trace the 
subject back to the earliest record now available, and in this their value 
consists. The style is not only clear but singularly interesting. Clack- 
mannan^ though the smallest of counties, was, and is, by no means the 
least important, and Mr. Wallace gives a list of thirty-two Sheriffs, com- 
mencing with Sir John Stirling in 1306 ; of these, ten were in succession 
of the family of Menteith, commencing with Sir John Menteith, grandson 
of Walter, Earl of Menteith, who had a grant of the office dated 25th 
January 1357. The last of the family resigned the office in 1631. The 
Appendix contains varied and valuable extracts from the Exchequer Rolls 
of Scotland and other State papers. The book is well worth possessing. 

A Book for Boys and Girls^ by John Bunyan. London : Elliot Stock. 
— A facsimile reprint from the unique first edition of 1686 now in the 
British Museum. This work of the celebrated John Bunyan's is but 
little known; its history is told in the introduction. In 1701 a revised 
edition was issued, but the revisions were by no means improvements. 
This reprint will be acceptable to lovers of old type and old words. 
Besides the poems which form the bulk of the volume there is a page 
styled *An help to chil-dren to learn to read Eng-lish,' which gives 
both black-letter and Roman alphabets, reminding us that at the time it 
was issued a child might find it profitable to study black-letter in order to 
devour Foxe's Book of Martyrs ; another page is headed * To learn 
chil-dren to spell a-right their names,* giving a list of common male and 
female Christian names — most useful this also in a day when parish clerks 
filled the registers with quaint attempts at spelling even common names. 
To some of the poems are prefixed tunes. One poem, * Upon a Ring of 
Bells,* is interesting in connection with the tradition that Bunyan was at 
one time of his life passionately fond of ringing. The memory of his 
past enjoyment in what he afterwards regarded as sinful speaks out clearly — 

' Lord ! when my bells have gone, my soul has bin 
As 'twere a tumbling in this Paradice.' 

Trial by Combat^ by George Neilson. Glasgow : William Hodge & 
Co. — A thoroughly good history of an institution which was for long of 
European importance. As ordeals were a passive appeal to the powers 
of Nature or the voice of God, so in trials by combat men were the 
instruments in the appeal as well as the subjects of it. Mr. Neilson 
divides his subject into seven parts, and each is full of interest and in- 
formation. Written by a lawyer, it will approve itself to those who value 
legal exactness ; but there is no legal dryness — in fact, a vein of humour 
keeps the reader well pleased from first to last. A truly Irish trial by 
combat which took place in 1583 is well described. There is an ex- 
ceedingly interesting chapter (p. 126) on *The Lawis of Merchis,* a.d. 
1 249 ; but where all is good it is difficult to make selections. 

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VOL. V. 


The Rev. A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, m.a. 










A IJst of I*ersons attaimcd after 

the '45 

Buchanan's Poems, 

Ancient Library of Innerpcffra> , 

Arms of Ayr County Councjl, 

The Ross Family, . 

Krskine of Dun, 

Old Brass Box, 

Orkney Folklore, . 

The Adventures of a last-CciUury 

Her.ild at a Funeral, . 
Sepulchral Brass to John FVion, 
Highland Will, 1633, . 
Hogmanay, .... 
Livingston of Dun i pace, 
Scots in Sweden, . . 

JStevir-arts of Rosyth, 
Selkirk Motto, 

"West Linton Sculptured Stone, 
Margaret, Countess of Crawford, 
Notes from Dunblane Kirk-St\ssion 


Notes on the Family of Denhani, 







! 311. Etyniolog)- of Crail, . . .86 

312. William Hamihon of Bang<Air, . 86 

313. Arabic Numerals, . . . ,88 

314. (jla<>smakin£r in Scotland, . . 88 

315. at I .eith 89 

316. Tus- Boats, 90 

317. ICxtracts from Registor of P'ai>tisms, 

Kdinburgh. .... 90 


CLI, Argyll or Argyle, . . ,91 

CLII. Athoil or Athole, . . .91 

CLIil. Stanks, Latch, Liggate, 

Likken-Stone, Holy Gate, .' . 91 

("LIV. Dormant Cramond Pcrrage, . 91 

CLV. The ICarls of, . . 91 

Replies. >» , 

XIX, Cruisies, . . . .92 

XLII. Jettons, .... 

LXV. Col. John Erskinc, 
CXLH. and CXLIIL Thomas Stewart 
and the Stewarts of Dowally, 
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Mary Woolnoth Und St. . Mary Woolchurch Haw, 
London, 1538 to 1760. Edited by J. M. S. BROOKE, M.A., 
F.R.G.S., Rector, and A. W. Cornelius Hallen, M.A,, 
F.S.A. Scot. 

Royal octavo, 600 pp. Cloth gilt,.uncut 

III. In Progress, 


BOTOLPH, BiSHOPSGATE, IS58-1753. Edited by the Rev. 
A. W. CORNETJUS Hallen, M.A., F.S.A. Scot, for the 
Rector, the Rev, VViLLL\M Rogers, in quarterly parts of 
112 pages each. Royal octavo. Price 4s. Annual Sub- 
scription for 4 Parts, i6s. * 

Vol. L 

1. (Dec. 1886) Marriages, 1558- 1628; Baptisms, i55$-i585. 

2. (March 1887) Baptisms, 1585-1621. 

3. (Jmie 1887) Baptisms, 1621-1628 ; Burials, 1558- 1603. 

4. (Sept. 1887) Burials, 1603-1628 ; Marriages, 1628-1631. 

5. (Dec. 1887) Marriages, 1631-1736. 

6. (March 18^) Marriages, 1736-1753. 

Vol. H. 

6. {Cout,) Burials, 1628-1644. 

7. (June z888) Burials, 1644-1663, and Index, Ab-Bar. 

8. (Sept. 1888) Burials, 1663-1686, and Index, Bar-Bur. 

9. (Dec. 1888) Burials, 1686-1697, and Index, Bur-Gam. 

10. (March 1889) Burials, 1697- 1710, and Index, Gam-Jen. 

11. (June 1889) Burials, 1710-1716, and Index, JenSwo. 

12. (Sept 1889} Burials, 1716- 1726, and Index, Swo-Zul, and Addenda. 

13. (Dec. 1889) Burials, 1726- 1749. 

14. (April 1890) Burials 1749- 1752, and Index to Vol. II., A-Bu. 
15- (July 1890) Index to Vol. II., Bwe-Gra. 

Vol. III. 

15. {Cent.) Baptisms, 1628- 1637. 

16. (Oct 1890). lln the press, 

IV. Wilt be issued shortly. 


London, by permission of the Dean and Chapter. 



London, by permission of the Rector. To be followed by 
St Michael de Querne, St Mathew, P>iday Street, St Peter 
le Cheap, St Botolph Without Aldgate, and others. 
Full Indexes to each Register. 

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N.B. — The Editor will be happy to furnish full Prospectus with 
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Digitized by 



The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 











A List of Persons attainted after 

the '45 

Buchanan's Poems, 

Ancient Library of Innerpeffray, 

Arms of Ayr County Council, 

The Ross Family, . 

Erskine of Dun, 

Old Brass Box. 

Orkney Folklore, . 

The Adventures of a last-Century 

Herald at a Funeral, . 
Sepulchral Brass to John BcMon, 
Highland Will. 1633. . 
Hogmanay, .... 
Livingston of Dunipace, 
Scots in Sweden, . 
Stewarts of Rosyth, 
Selkirk Motto, 

West Linton Sculptured Stone, 
Margaret, Countess of Crawford, 
Notes from Dunblane Kirk-Session 

Records, .... 
Notes on the Family of Denham 






Etymology of Crail, 
William Hamilton of Baogour, 
Arabic Numerals, . 
Glassmaking in Scotland, 
Bourse at Leith, 

316. Tug-Boats, . 

317. Extracts from Register of Bapti 





. 86 

. 86 

. 88 

. 88 

. 89 

. 90 


CLI. Argyll or Argyle, . •91 

CLII. AthoU or Athole, ... 91 
CLIII. Stanks, Latch, Liggate, 

Likken-Stone, Holy Gate, . 91 

CLIV. Dormant Cramond Peerage, . 91 

CLV. The Earls of Ross, . 91 

XIX. Cruisies, .... 

XLH. Jettons, .... 

LXV. Col. John Erskine, 
CXLII. and CXLIIL Thomas Stewart 
and the Stewarts of Dowally, 
Notices of Books, 



Note. — TAe Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors. 

Ail Communications to be sent to the Editor of^ The Scottish Antiquary^ 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

291. A List of Persons Attainted after the '45. — It was stated 
lately in the public press that Mr. James Stillie, bookseller, George Street, 
Edinburgh, had discovered amongst his papers a rare, if not unique, copy 
of the official list of men attainted for their share in the rising of 1745. 
Mr. Stillie has very kindly allowed me to reprint it ; and, at his recommen- 
dation, the names in the five lists are printed together in alphabetical 
order, but with marks prefixed to each name showing under what list it is 
printed in the original Perhaps some reader of the Scottish Antiquary 
will kindly send us some notes descriptive of some of the personages who 
are not known to fame. The original printed matter fills three foolscap 
pages, and is endorsed — * A List of Noblemen, | Gentlemen, and others, 
I who have been attainted | and adjudged to be guilty | of High Treason, 

VOL. v. — NO. XVIII, p 

Digitized by 


since the 

50 I he c^cotttsh Anttquary ; 

for le I vying War against His | Majesty within this | Realm, 
24* I Day of/««(? 1745.* 




Noblemen, Gentlemen, ai^d others, who | having been attainted, and 
adjudged to be | guilty of High Treason, for levying War | against His 
Majesty within this Realm, | since the 24*'* Day oijune 1745, viz,^ By Act 
of Parlianunty Anno decimo nono Georgii 11. | Regis, an Act to Attaint, 
[Here follow 39 names marked * in the alphabetical list.] 

ALSO, By a Certificate under the Hands of Henry Masterman^ Esquire^ 
dated the 24'** Day of July 1 747, transmitted to the Kin^s Remembrancer 
in his Majesty's Court of Exchequer at Edinburgh, the following Persons 
have, since the 2^^ Day of June 1745, been adjudged to be guilty of High 
treason, before His Majest/s Justices and Commissioners, acting under, and 
by virtue of, His Majesty's Special Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and 
Goal Delivery, in and for the County of Surrey, viz. [Here follow 5 1 
names marked t in the alphabetical list.] 

ALSO, By another Certificate, under the Hands of the said Henry 
Masterman, Esquire, Clerk of the Crown, dated the 25'^ Day of ]\i\y 1747, 
certifying that the following Persons have been adjudged to be guilty of High 
Treason before His Majesty* s Justices and Commissioners, acting under, and 
by virtue of. His Majesty's special Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and 
Goal Delivery, in and for the County of Cumberland, viz. [Here follow 
76 names marked § in the alphabetical list.] 

ALSO, by another Certificate, under the Hands of the said Henry Mas- 
terman Esquire, Clerk of the Crown, dated the 25*'* Day of ]\i\y 1747, 
certifying, that the following Persons have been adjudged to be guilty of High 
Treason, before His Majest/s Justices and Commissioners, acting under, and 
by virtue of. His Majesty's special Commission of Oyer and Terminer, and 
Goal Delivery, in and for the County ofYoxV, viz. [Here follow 70 names 
marked || in the alphabetical list.] 

ALSO, by a Certificate, under the Hands of Ashley Cowper, Esquire, 
Clerk of Parliament, dated the lo*** ^September 1747, That William, Earl 
of Kilmarnock, George, Earl of Cromertie, and Arthur, Lord Balmerino, 
were, on the i" ^August 1746 adjudged by the Eight Honourable the Lords 
Temporal in Parliament assembled to be guilty of High Treason, And, by 
another Certificate, under the hands of the said Ashley Cowper, dated the said 
10**" ^September 1747, That Simon Lord Lovat was, on the 19 Day of 
March 174^, adjudged by the said Lords Temporal in Parliament assembled, 
to be guilty of High Treason, [These 4 names are marked \ in the alpha- 
betical list] 

Exchequer — Chamber, Edinburgh ") 
24 September 1747 f 

This is a true copy of the different Certificates of Persons attainted and 
convicted of Rebellion, as transmitted to me by the proper officers. 

D. MoNCREiFFE, Deputy King's Remembrancer. 

t Alexander Abernethie, Gentleman, other- 
wist Surgeon, 
t George Abernethy, Gentleman, 
§ James Ancrum, Gentleman, 

X Arthur Lord Balmerino. 
II Gilbert Barclay, Labourer, 
II William Barclay, Cabimt-maker, 
II John Barnaghy, Ijobourer. 

Digitized by 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 


il John Bartlet, Shoemaker. 
§ Lewis Barton, Weaver. 
§ William Beard, Gardner, 
II John Beaton, Apothecary, 
+ John Berwick, Gentleman, 
+ Andrew Blood, otherwise Blyde, Gentle- 
man^ otherwise Farmer^ otherwise 

\\ George Boyd, otherwise Boy, Labourer. 
1" James Bradshaw, Gentleman, otherwise 

fVarehouse-ffian, otherwise Chapman. 
li Michael Brady, Brush-maker, 
§ James Bran, Esquire^ otherwise Gentle- 

moft, otherwise called James Brand, 

+ William Brittough, otherwise Bratter, 

otherwise Bretter, Gentleman, 
§ Richard Brown, Carpenter. 
§ Francis Buchanan ^Arnpryor, Esquire^ 

otherwise called Yrzj\<c\% Buchanan, late 

19^ Callander, Gentleman. 
+ John Burnett, Gentleman, 
il Angus Campbell, Laifourer. 
11 Peter Campbell, Labourer. 

* Alexander Cameron <2^Dungallon. 
f Allan Cameron, Gentleman. 

* Doctor Archibald Cameron, Brother to 

Donald Cameron, the Younger of 

* Donald Cameron, the Younger of LochleU 
§ Hugh Cameron, Yeoman. 

* Ludovick Cameron iT/'Torcastle. 

§ James Chaddock, otherwise called J^rnQs 

Chad wick, Labourer. 
t Thomas Chad wick, otherwise Chaddock, 

Gentleman, otherwise Tallow-chandler, 
n Edward, otherwise Edmund, Clavering, 

§ Henry Clerk, otherwise Clark, Gentle- 
II William Conolly, Labourer, 
§ William Cooke, otherwise Cook, 

§ John Coppock, Taylor. 
§ Thomas Coppock, Clerk. 
3 James Creighlon, Smith, 
X George, -f/7r/<2/"Cromertie. 
II WillSm Crossby, Weaver, 
Q John Cruickshanks, otherwise Crook- 

shankes, the Elder, Joiner, 
§ Alexander Davidson, Shoemaker. 
§ John Davison, Labourer. 
t James Dawson, Gentleman, 
f Charles Deacon, Gentleman. 
•f" Thomas Deacon, Gentleman, 
§ Michael Dellard,<9M^rze/r>^ Dillard, Wooll- 

f| William Dempsey, Carpenter, 

* James Drummond, taking upon himself 

the Title ^/Duke of Perth. 

* James Drummond, Esquire, eldest Son 

and Heir-apparent of VfWWiim Viscount 

* John Drummond, taking upon himself 

the Stile or Title of Lord John Drum- 

mond, Brother to James Drummond, 

taking on himself the Title ^Duke of 

II Daniel , otherwise Donald, "DMSi^Labourer , 
II John Duncan, Chapman. 
§ Molineux, otherwise MoUinax, Eaton, 

II John Endsworth, Labourer. 
t Francis Farquharson, Gentleman, 

* Francis Farquharson ^^/'Monalterye. 
t John Farquharson, Yeoman. 

II William Farrier, Mason, 

* William Fidler, Clerk in the Auditor's 

Office in the Exchequer of Scotland, 

§ Stepnen Fiizgerald, Gentleman, other- 
wise Yeoman. 

t George Fletcher, Gentleman, otherwise 

I! John Flint, Butcher. 

§ James Forbes, Labourer, otherwise 

11 Daniel Fraser, Labourer^ otherwise 

* Simon Fraser, Esquire, eldest Son and 

Heir-apparent of Simon Lord Lovat. 

§ Roger Fulthorpe, Barber, 

+ Thomas Fumivall, Gentleman, otherwise 

t James Gadd, otherwise Gad, Gentleman, 
otherwise Printer, otherwise Type- 

I John Gaddes, Labourer, 

!| Alexander Goodbrand, Chapman. 
t Charles Gordon, Gentleman. 

II Charles Gordon, Gentleman, otherwise 


§ Charles Gordon of Tarperso, Gentle- 

t James Gordon, Gentleman. 

* John Gordon, the Elder of Glen- 


* Lewis Gordon, Esquire, commonly called 

Lord Lewis Gordon, Brother to Cosmo 
George, Duke ^Gordon. 

* Sir William Gordon ^/Park. 

* James Graham, the Younger of Miih, 

* James Graham, late ^Duntroon, taking 

on himself the Title of Viscount of 

II William Grant, Shoemaker, 
§ William Gray, Surgeon, 
II George Hamilton, Esquire, otherwise 

tjohn Hamilton, Esquire, otherwise 

§ William Hargrave, Labourer, 
§ George Hartley, Weaver. 
§ John Hartley, Carpenter, 
§ Thomas Harvey, Weaver, 
§ James Harvie, Innholder, 
t Adam Hay, Gentleman. 
§ James Hay, E^uire. 

* John Hay, Portioner of Restalrig, 

Writer to the Signet, 
|l Peter Hay, Labourer. 

Digitized by 



The Scottish Antiquary ; 

II Willtam Hay, otherwise Jzy, Labourer, 
§ Thomas Hayes, otherwise Hays, 

fjohn Henderson, Gentleman^ otherwise 

§ Valentine Holt, Cloth-worker, 
§ William Home, Gentleman, 
II William Hunter, Smith, 
§ Alexander Hutchinson, Labourer, 
II John James Jellius, Ijibourer. 
§ Patrick, otherwise Peter, Keir, Cabinet- 
t Henry Kerr, Gentleman, 
X William, i?ar/^ Kilmarnock, 
t Alexander Kinloch, Merchant, 
t Charles Kinloch, Gentleman, 
t Sir James Kinloch, Baronet, 
§ William Lackey, otherwise Leak, 

§ Thomas Lawson, Labourer^ otherwise 

t Alexander Leith, Farmer^ otherwise 

t Thomas Siddall, Gentleman, otherwise 

+ James Lindsay, Shoemaker, 
§ Peter Lindsay, Gentleman, 

* George Lockhart, eldest Son and Heir- 

apparent of George Lockhart of 

X Simon Lord Lovat. 
§ Simon Lugton, Taylor, 

* Andrew Lumsdale, otherwise Lumsdain, 

Son to William Lumsdale, otherwise 

Lumsdain, Writer in Edinburgh. 
§ Robert Lyon, Clerk. 
II Alexander M*Clean, Chapman, 
II John M*Clean, Labourer, 
II James M*Coilcy, otherwise M*Cally, 

t Rory, otherwise Roderick M*Culloch, 


* Alexander MacDonald ^^/'Glencoe. 

* Alexander MacDonald ^Keppoch. 

* Archibald MacDonald, Son of Co\, Mac- 

Donald ^Barisdale. 

* Donald MacDonald of Clanronald 

Junior, Son to Rhonald MacDonald 

* Donald MacDonald ^T/'Lochgarie. 
II Angus M 'Donald, y<7m^. 

t David, otherwise Donald, otherwise 
Daniel M*Donald, Gentleman, 

§ Donald M 'Donald, otherwise MacDonald 
of Kinlochmoydart, Esquire, other- 
wise Gentleman, 

§ Donald McDonald, otherwise MacDonald 
^Teimadreish, Gentleman. 

II Peter, otherwise Patrick M*Donald, 

II Thomas M'Gennes, Labourer, 

* Alexander MacGilivrae <7/'Drumaglash. 
II John M'Gregor, Labourer, 

t Alexander M 'Growther the Elder, other^ 
wise called Robinson, otherwise Robi- 

son, otherwise Robertson, Gentleman, 
otherwise Farmer, otherwise Yeoman, 

* Laucfalan Macintosh, MercharU at 

§John Mackeine, otherwise Mackenzie, 

t Alexander Mackenzie* Gentleman, 
% Donald Mackenzie, Labourer, 
t Hector M'Kenzie, Yeoman, otheranse 


I Simon M*Kenzie, Labourer. 

* John MacKinnon ^t/" MacKinnon. 

% John Macknell, otherwise Magnell, 

il James M'Lachlan, Labourer, 

II John M'Lachlan, Labourer, 

* Lauchlan MacLauchlan of Castle 

. Lauchlan. 
t Alexander M 'Lauchlan, Gentleman, 
otherwise Farmer, 

* Alexander Macleod, Son to Master 

John Macleod, Advocate. 
§ John M'Naughton, Watchmaker, 

* Evan MacPherson of Ciunie. 
II John M*Quin, Labourer. 

11 James Main, Tallow-Chandler. 

II Benjamin Mason, otherwise Macon, 

§ Barnabas Matthew, Labourer. 
II Matthew Matthew, Weaver. 
§ James Mellin, otherwise Millen, Weaver. 
§ Lawrence, otherwise Laurence, Mercer 

<2/"Melginch n^i// Lethinday, Esquire, 

othetwise Gentleman, 

* Robert Mercer, Esquire, otherwise Nairn 

II George Milt, otherwise Mills, Labourer. 
§ James Mitchell, Labourer, 
t Walter Mitchel, Gentleman, otherwise 

+ Henry Moir, Gentleman. 
+ Robert Moir, Gentleman, 
+ David Morgan, Esquire. 
§ Richard Morison, Wigmaker. 

I Sir David Murray ^Stanhope, Baronet. 

* George Murray, Esquire, commonly 

called Lord George Murray, Brother 
to James, Lhike of Atholl. 

* John Murray ^Broughton, Esquire. 
§ Patrick Murray, Goldsmith, 

§ Robert Murray, Gentleman, 

* John Nairn, taking upon himself the 

Title or Style of luoxd Nairn. 
!l Alexander Nicholls, otherwise Nichil, 

t James Nicholson, Gentleman. 

* David Ogilvie, taking upon himself the 

Title of Lord Ogilvie. 
t Walter Ogilvie, Gentleman, 

II David Ogilvy, Labourer. 

t Charles Oliphant, Gentleman. 

* Lawrence Oliphant, the Elder^ ofGsLsk. 

* Lawrence Oliphant, the Youftger, of 

§ Thomas Park, Shoemaker. 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 


II Alexander Parker, Barber, 
il Archibald ViXon^ Joitier, 

* Alexander, Lord Pitsligo. 

§ Andrew Porteus, Merchant. 

il John Porteus, Cord-wainer, 

§ John Poustie, Taylor. 

§ Sir Archibald Primrose of Dunniplace, 

Baronet, otherwise Knight. 
+ George Ramsay, Gentleman, otherwise 

§ John Ratcliff, otherwise Radcliffe, 

;i James Read, Labourer. 
\\ Archibald Renned, Silver-smith. 
II Charles Robinson, Labourer. 
§ John Robotham, otherwise Rowbottom, 

§ Edward Roper, Weaver. 

* Malcolm Ross, son <?/" Alexander Ross of 


fl I>avid Row, otherwise Roe, Gentleman, 

§ Hugh Roy, Labourer, 

+ John Sanderson, Gentleman. 

§ John Sanderson, Labourer, 

11 Alexander Scott, Taylor. 

II John Scott, Labourer, 

\\ William Scott, Labourer. 

§ William Sharp, Gentleman. 

§ John Small, Labourer. 

§ James Smith, Gentleman. 

II William Smith, Labourer. 

il James Sparks, Frame-work-knitter. 

il William Steben,^/>5^rzi;wd Stephen, Wine- 

n Alexander Steel, Labourer. 

§ Patrick Steuart, Labourer. 

§ Alexander Stevenson, ybiw^r. 

* Charles Stewart ^Ardsheil. 
11 Duncan Stewart, Taylor. 

* John Stewart, commonly called John Roy 

t James Stormonth, Gentleman. 

* WUliam, Viscount of StrsLthaWaxi, 

t James Stuart, otherwise Stewart, Gentle- 

II Robert Stuart, otherwise Stewart, La- 

§ Andrew Swan, Shoemaker. 

t Christopher Taylor, Gentleman. 

§ Peter TzyXot, Joiner, 

§ Robert Taylor, Shoemaker. 

il James Thompson, otherwise Thomson, 
the Elder, Gardtter, 

§ Robert Tinsley, Weaver, 

t Francis Townley, Gentleman. 

§ Thomas Turner, Shoemaker. 

§ Thomas Turner, Weaver. 

11 John Walker, Labourer. 

§ John Wallas, otherwise Wallace, other- 
wise Wallis, Miller. 

§ George Waring, Weaver. 

§ Matthew Waring, Wecever, 

t Thomas Watson, Tobacconist. 

ii David Webster, Labourer. 

ii James Webster, Labourer, 

t Sir John Wedderbum, Baronet, 

* David Wemyss, Esquire, commonly called 

Lord Elcho, eldest son and Heir-appar- 
ento/ James, Earl o/Wemyss. 

t James Wilding, otherwise Wheelding, 
Gentleman, otherwise Scarlet-dyer. 

II David Wilkie, Labourer, 

§ William Winstandley, otherwise Win- 
stanley, otherwise Winstande, Weaver, 

lljames Wishart, otherwise Wishet, La- 

+ Andrew Wood, Gentleman. 

§ Robert Wright, Gentleman. 

292. Buchanan's VoEiis.^—/uly 9. — Sir, — A correspondent in to-day's 
Scotsman tells that during last century Buchanan's poems were used for 
teaching I^tin in Scottish schools. In the High School of Leith they 
were in use in my youth. So was Erasmus. — I am, etc., R. A. M. 

293. The Ancient Library at Innerpeffray (abridged from the 
Scotsman). — Among the rare books of value is the Bible of the great 
Marquis of Montrose, bearing his autograph in several places, written in a 
bold, plain hand. The leaves of the Bible also contain a number of 
mottoes or extracts, copied by the Marquis, and taken from Horace and 
other classical authors. The book was printed in the French language at 
Sedan, and the date of the printing is 1633. There is also another Bible 
in the library, which belonged to the Marquis's sister, who was married 
to the founder of the library (Lord Maderty). It is called her State 
Bible, is bound in crimson velvet, and dated 1638. Another most 
valuable and unique book is a copy of Marot and Beze's Psalter, with 
music, printed at Paris in 1567. The title of the book is *The 150 
Psalms of David, put into French rhyme by Clement Marot and Theodore 

^ See Note 306, page 79. 

Digitized by 


54 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

de Beze, 1567, Paris. It contains 149 prayers by Augustine Marlorat, 
who was born in 1506, and executed in Rouen in 1562. There is a 
complete folio copy of the Bible, dated 1530, in black-letter French, with 
initial illustrations and pictorial woodcuts \ while the title-page is printed 
in red and black ink. A copy of what is called the Great Bible, in black- 
letter, also forms part of the collection. It is dated 1540, and has two 
full-page woodcuts by Holbein, the artist of Henry viii. Its title-page is 
as follows : — * The Bible in Englishe of the largest and greatest volume 
auctorysed and appointed by the Commandmente of oure most redoubted 
Prynce and Soveraygne, Lord Kynge Henry the viii. To be frequented 
and used in every Church win this his sayd realme.' This Bible is now 
popularly known as the * Treacle Bible,* from the passage in 8th of 
Jeremiah being rendered * Is there not tryacle at Gylyad ? ' There is also 
an early black-letter edition of the English Prayer Book, and an English 
black-letter Bible of date 1539. An English translation of Cardinal 
Quignan's Breviary is likewise amongst the valuable collection. The 
Breviary was 'Imprynted in Paris the yere of our Lord 1538.' Amongst 
other noteworthy works are Hoiinshed's * Histories of Scotland, England, 
and Ireland, 1577, printed by George Bishop at London'; 'The History 
and Chronicles of Scotland, compiled and newly correctit and amendit by 
the Reverend and Noble clerk, Mr. Hector Boeis, Chanon of Aberdeene, 
translated lately by Mr. John Ballenden, Archdene of Murray and Chanon 
of Rosse, at the command James the Fyfie, King of Scottis, imprentit 
in Edinburgh be Thomas Davidson, dwelling fornenst Fryere-wynde, 
1536.' Another old book is 'The Ship of Fooles, translated out of Latin, 
French, and Dutch into English by Alexander Barclay, priest, at that 
time chaplain in the Colledge of St Mary Otery, in the countie of Devon, 
Anno Domini 1508.' There are also a number of ancient mss. in the 
library, including the Chartulary of the Abbey of InchafTray ; curious old 
maps and atlases, one of Africa being dated 1631, and showing — what is 
rather remarkable — that at that far-off period the exploration of Africa 
had been considered, for the interior is filled up with names of places and 
pictures of native animals and birds. The River Congo is also marked, 
and the Nile is shown as taking its rise from the lake district of Central 

Copies of early newspapers also form part of the collection, and are 
given under the title of * Diurnal Occurrences in Parliament,' No. i being 
from the twentieth of June to the seven and twentieth, 1642. The paper 
is about the size of small octavo, and only a very few sentences of the 
Parliamentary proceedings are given. Altogether the library is a valuable 
storehouse of ancient literature, and has for many generations been visited 
by thousands of people, although situated in a somewhat isolated place. 
It may be noted that the library was originally endowed by Lord Maderty 
in 1691 ; but, owing to a technical flaw, the endowment was made afresh 
by Lord Maderty's nephew and heir. Lord Strathallan, in 1696. The 
endowment covered a school and library, but, under the new scheme, 
instituted in 1888, the school has been taken over by Muthill School 
Board, and the present trustees are empowered, after paying ^^i 5 per 
annum for the maintenance of the school and the expenses of the trust, to 
pay over the remainder of the income, ind to transfer the library to any 
town or village within five miles of Innerpefiray. The town of Crieff is 
moving to acquire the custody of the Library. 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 


294. Arms of Ayr County Council. — Excerpt of Letters Patent 
from the Lyon King of Anns in favour of the County Council for the 
County of Ayr, dated the 8th day of July 1890. 

•Whereas The County Council for the County of Ayr have by petition 
of date the twenty-fourth day of June ultimo Prayed that We would 
Grant Our Licence and Authority to them and to their Successors in 
office to bear and use on a Seal or otherwise for official purposes con- 
nected with the said County such Ensigns Armorial as might be found 
suitable and according to the Laws of Arms : Know ye therefore that we 

have devised and do by these presents Assign Ratify and Confirm to the 
said County Council, and to their Successors in office, and to the said 
County of Ayr, the following Ensigns Armorial as depicted upon the 
margin hereof and matriculated of even date with these presents in 
our Public Register of all Arms and Bearings in Scotland, vizt., Or, 
a Saltire Gules, on a chief of the second a Holy Lamb Cross Staff and 
Banner of St. Andrew proper between two Lyres of the first Stringed 

* Matriculated the Eighth day of July 1890. 

'(Sd.) J. W. Mitchell, 
' Lyon Clerk.' 

[The above has been kindly contributed by the Lyon King of Arms. 


Digitized by 


56 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

295. The Ross Family. — Donald Ross, Bailie of Tain. — Donald 
Ross, bailie of Tain, whom, previous to his marriage in 17 17 with 
Margaret, second daughter of Andrew Ross of Shandwick (155), William 
Ross (156), her brother, addressed as *aff. Cousigne,' assisted the various 
members of the Shandwick family in their fallen fortunes. He was a 
pewterer in Tain, and at one time postmaster. Many of his letters are 
extant, but they give no clue to his paternity; only two nephews are 
mentioned, Hugh Ross, and Hugh Munro, a sister's son. Perhaps Bailie 
Donald was a descendant of Donald Ross (146) who sold Shandwick in 

The above Hugh Ross was son of John Ross, * overseer at Craigroy,' 
who died about 1743 ; o" 22d November of that year he was retoured as 
heir-general to his father (/«^. Gen,^ registered 4th July 1749). He was 
student of divinity at Aberdeen, and graduated there April 1736. On the 
1 6th he wrote to his uncle — * I was graduated Tuesday last we were very 
hearty yester night, I mean five more of the best of the class and I, 
treating the Regent and the other masters of the College with a dozen 
and half of wine and a supper, ... we had so much over and above 
of the wine bought for our graduation where the masters were pleased 
to drink the health of our respective friends.' From Aberdeen he went 
to Edinburgh, where he seems to have remained (in what capacity does 
not appear) for some years. He was licensed by the Presbytery of Tain, 
2 1 St March 1744, ordained in 1755,- and became minister of Kildonan, 

Sutherlandshire. He married 1759, Ann Houston, and died 

1 761. (J^asti Ecc. Scot) 

His successor at Kildonan was Mr. John Ross, whose paternity is not 
stated. He was ordained missionary of Farr 26th September 1759, and 
minister of Kildonan i8th November 1761. He died 28th March 1783 
in his forty-second year, having married the widow of Gunn M*Sheumais, 
by whom he had, 

David. (See below,) 

Katherine, married David Gunn, who died 1827. 

David Ross was in the army. On his father's death he left it, took 
a farm, and was also miller at Cloggan in Strathbeg. He married the 
daughter of a wealthy tenant, by whom he had a numerous family of sons 
and daughters. The eldest son went to America as a teacher {Memor- 
abilia domestical Sage, Minister of Resolis, Wick, 1889). 

Nicholas Ross, Burgess of Dornoch. — He was a litster^ or dyer, 
and appears as a witness to Sasines between 1695 and 1698. He had 
been previously established in Tain, where he was also burgess (Sasine 
19th August 1 701). He was living in Dornoch 1720-23, and was in all 
probability of the Little Tarrell family, either Nicholas, whose brother Walter 
(xxxix) was Town clerk of Dornoch, or Nicholas, his nephew (xxxv). 
His daughter Katherine was married to George Ross, merchant, * Theu- 
surer ' in Tain, and had, 

William, baptized at Tain, 26th January 1720. Witnesses, 
William Ross, bailie, Thomas Reid, leat bailie, and 
John Reid, merchant. 
Katherine, baptized 30th June 1721. 
John, baptized 22d May 1723. 
Helen, baptized 25th March 1725. 

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Another Nicholas Ross, student at Tain, witnessed a Sasine ist April 
1725, and was probably the Nicholas Ross who was* one of the present 
bailies of Tain 'in 1754. 

William Ross, Bailie of Tain. — In Feme Abbey there is an 
oblong flat stone, with the following inscription running round the 
outer edge : — This stone is placed | here by William Ross bailie of Tain 
and un | der the same lyes | the body of Margaret Ross his spouse who 
depar | ted this life the 28 | day of March 17 18. In the centre of the 

William Ross 
Margaret Ross 
Katherine M*Intosh. 
William Ross appears as witness to a Sasine 13th iVpril 17 10. Soon 
after the death of his first wife, he married, secondly, Katherine M*Intosh, 
by whom he had, 

Mary, baptized at Tain, 4th February 1720. Witnesses, David 
Ross of Inverchasley, Hugh Ross of Achnacloich, and 
Thomas Ross, leat bailie. 
Alexander, baptized 28th December 1722. Witness, David 

Ross of Kindeace. 
Robert, baptized 14th October 1724. 
Very probably many inscriptions in Feme Abbey Church perished, 
when on Sunday loth October 1742, at the time of worship, the roof and 
part of the side wall fell in during a violent storm. The gentry had their 
seats in the niches, and by that means their lives were saved, as was the 
minister, Mr. Donald Ross, by the sounding-board falling on the pulpit 
and covering him. Very many were wounded, and forty were dug out 
and buried promiscuously without ceremony (Scots Mag.), Mr. Donald 
died 2d September 1775 in his 83d year {Fasti). 

William Ross, Bailie of Tain. — i. William Ross, bailie of 
Tain (paternity not stated), mentioned first in 1726 in the corre- 
spondence of the Shandwick family, and called their cousin, died before 
1738, having married twice. By his first wife he had, 

2. George, eldest son, who married Katherine, third daughter 

of Andrew Ross, seventh of Shandwick (155). 

3. William, living in 1753. 

4. David, died before 1753. 


Margaret, second daughter, married Duncan Simpson of 
Nether Culcraigy (Sasine on marriage contract 8th 
November 1734). 

He married secondly ^, living as his widow in 1748, and 

had, with a daughter, a son, 

Gilbert. In 1748 Alexander Ross (169), of the Shandwick 
family, wrote to Mr. Alexander Gray in London, in- 
troducing to him Gilbert Ross * as a youth he had 
great hopes of. His success and conduct at Aberdeen 
has endeared him to all his friends.* He died in 
London — March 1788, having become a merchant 

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58 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

in Billiter Lane. His widow, Ann , was living in 

1793- He left three sons, 

1. Gilbert, the eldest, was married. 

2. William, a grocer. 

3. George. 

At his death he left ^£40,000 to be divided between 
his three sons, his widow, and his sister, Roberta, widow 
of Lieutenant David Ross, who died before 1783. 

M*CuLLocH OF Plaids, Kindeace, and Glastulich.^ — The various 
branches of the M*Culloch family were so frequently connected by 
marriage with many of the Ross families, that the following pedigree has 
been included in this work. 

I. John M*Culloch, first of Plaids, * bailie of the girth of Sanct 
Duthowis at Tayne* in 1458 (Orig, Par. Scot, vol. ii. part ii. p. 429). 
Retour of John M'Culloch, as heir to Alexander his father, in the land 
of Skaidie, of Plaidis, etc., loth November 1450 {Sheriff Courts Inver- 
fuss^ vol. i. fol. 3). Witness to a charter by Thomas Dingwall, 27th 
October 1466 [Earls of Cromartie^ Fraser) ; he had, 

2. Angus. (See below,) 

[i.] Christian, said to have married George Munro, tenth of 

2. Angus M'Culloch, second of Plaids, bailie of Tain, was father 

3. William. (See below,) 

4. Angus of Tarrell. 

5. Donald in Tain. 

6. James in Tain. 

3. William M*Culloch, third of Plaids, in 1535 granted a charter of 
the lands of Pittogartie to William Denoon. (Titles of the Urquharts of 
Cromarty^ No. 88, Antiq. Notes.) Member of inquest held at Inverness, 
2 1 St July 15 13, when Thomas Paterson, rector of Assynt, was served heir 
to his uncle, William Paterson {Invemessiana^ p. 194). Served heir to 
John M*Culloch in the lands of Skaidie, loth April 15 12 {Sheriff Courts 
Inverness y vol. i. fol. 3). In March 1534 he brought an action against Sir 
Donald Denone, Abbot of Feme, and others, as to whether the lands of 
Easter CatboU belonged to him in heritage or whether the convent could 
molest him ; he obtained a decreet in his favour {Ibid,^ fol. 4). He died 
circa 1540, having married Agnes, daughter of Sir David Ross, seventh 
of Balnagown (14). She died at Hilton, 24th April 1572 {KaL of Feme), 
leaving, probably with other children, 

7. Thomas M*Culloch, fourth of Plaids 'heir to William, his father/ 
{Rttours, Sheriff Court, Inverness, vol. i. fol. 7, 1541). He died circa 
1548, having married , daughter of Innes of Catboll, and had, 

8. Robert M*Culloch, fifth 'of Plaids' (witness to a charter 1550). 
* Heir to Thomas, his father ' {Retours, Sheriff Court, Imierness, voL L 
fol. 21, 1548). In 1552 he sold to his uncle, Alexander Innes of Catboll, 
the lands of Plaids, Pittogarty, Skaidy, etc., and in the same year Queen 
Mary granted a Crown charter to Alexander Innes and his wife of the 
above lands. From the Register of Acts and Decreets, Edinburgh, 28th 

^ In Sasines, old deeds, and letters, Glastulich is written with one /. Glastullich 
seems to be the modem form. 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries, 59 

January 1558, and from the Sheriff-Court Books of Inverness, 1 543-1 594, 
vol. i., it appears that Alexander Innes commenced an action against 
Agnes Ross, elder, relict of William M*Culloch of Plaids, and Agnes Ross 
in Skaidy for their removal from CatboU. Agnes Ross stated that she 
had a nineteen years' tack from the late Thomas M*Culloch, her son, dated 
Whitsunday 1 541, he being then laird of the said lands, when he also let. 
a portion to young Agnes Ross of Skaidy (whose paternity does not 
appear). The litigation continued until May 1561, when Agnes Ross, 
failing in her proof, was decerned to have wrongfully occupied the lands 
since eight years before Whitsunday 1559, and Alexander Innes was 
declared the possessor. The above Robert was probably father to 

9. William M*Culloch, sixth of Plaids, who married Sophia, daughter 
of John Tarrell of that Ilk (Bore-brieve of Alexander Ross (69)), and had, 

10. Andrew M'Culloch, merchant in Tain, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Alexander Ross of Tarrell (Bore-brieve), and had, 

11. John M'Culloch, first of Kindeace, merchant burgess of Tain, 24th 
June 1607. In 1621 he obtained Wester Kindeis from Andrew Munro 
of Culnald, and in 1625 granted part of these lands to his second son, 
Andrew, and his spouse; in 1631 he ceded Kindeis Wester to Thomas, 
his eldest son. Provost of Tain 1629-31. He married Janet, daughter 
of John Ross of Muldarg {Bore-brieve), and had, 

12. Thomas. (See below.) 

13. Andrew. (See/<7J/.) 

14. Charles * burgess of Tain, surgeon' (Sasine 19th August 

1 70 1). * Brother of Andrew ' {Register of Deeds, Edinb,, 

31st May 1731). He married , and had an 

only daughter, 

Anna, who married William Urquhart of Brealang- 
well (Sasine on marriage contract, 25th Feb- 
ruary 1693). 

12. Thomas M'Culloch, second of Kindeace, provost of Tain 1638 
nearest heir to John M*Culloch, deceased ; he married Isobel, daughter of 
James Davidson, provost of Dundee {Kindeace Writs, 15th May 1661). 
She married secondly Mr. Hector Munro, preacher at Edderton, who was 
living there with his wife 1661, By her first husband she had, 

15. James. (See below,) 

16. David. (See/^J/.) 

17. Alexander, 'brother of David,' 17th December 1652, 

who ceded to him the easter half of Kindeis Wester, 
9th April 1658 {Kindeace Writs), 

18. Robert, merchant in Copenhagen, 'brother to Alexander,' 

9th April 1658 {Kindeace Writs), 

[i.J Janet married, as second wife, Malcolm Ross of Knockan 
(41), afterwards styled of Kindeace, to whom David 
M*Culloch, with consent of his brother Alexander, his 
mother and her husband, William Ross Lachlanson 
and his wife, and Andrew Ross in Culinald, ceded 
by charter the town and lands of Wester Kindeis, and 
other property, dated at Tain, 15th May 1661 
(Sasine dated 4th June, Gen, Reg, Sas, Edinb,), 

[2,] Abigail, married Thomas Ross, bailie of Tain, living 

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15. Jaiues M'Culloch, third of Kindeace, *heir to John M'CuUoch, 
merchant burgess of Tain, his grandfather' 21st December 1648, and 
Sasine 13th August 1650. Commissioner of Supply, Ross-shire, 1656-59. 
He married, as first husband, contract dated 165 1, Christian, daughter of 
Colonel John Munro of Obsdaill ; she was sister to Janet, wife of John 
Ross of Little Tarrell (v.)» and married, secondly, David Ross of Pilcalnie 
(23). She obtained from her first husband a liferent of part of the lands 
of Kindeace. To the above James succeeded, 

16. David M'Culloch, fourth of Kindeace, *son of Thomas' (Sasine 
3d January 1649), * of Kindeis ' (Sasine 17th December 1652), * heir to 
James, his immediate elder brother,' ist October 1652 {Inq, Spec. Ross et 
Crom.), He married , and had, 

19. David 'younger of Kindeis ' (Sasine 29th August 1665). 
[i.] Janet, married, circa 1656, William Ross Lachlanson, 

merchant burgess of Tain (Sasine 8th February 1655). 
In 1656 he was infefted in the wester half of Wester 
Kindeis by David M'Culloch on his daughter's marriage 
(charter dated 7 th August). They had a son, 

Lauchlan Ross, 'merchant in Tain' (Sasine 20th 
October 1686), 
The rights over the whole property were acquired by Malcolm Ross, a 
purchase which was the eventual cause of much litigation. 
To return to 

13. Andrew M'Culloch, second son of John M'Culloch, first of 
Kindeace. He was provost of Tain (Sasine 30th May 1649), and became 
first of Glastulich (Sasine 20th June 1650). On commission of war 1646 ; 
M.P. for Tain 1649-52; in 1663 fined ;^i2oo {Acts of Pari,). He 
received from his father part of the lands of Wester Kindeis (Sasine 21st 
June 1626). Styled in 1668 'sometime provost' He married, first, Anna, 
daughter of Mr. James Feme, minister of Fraserburgh, by whom he 

20. John, 'eldest son of first marriage' (Sasine 1st May 1668). 

'Mr. John, son and heir of deceased Andrew' 
(Sasine i6th June 1681). 

21. Mr. Andrew, 'brother of John, son to deceased Andrew' 

(Sasine 25th October 1694). 
He married, secondly, Isabella Dunbar (Sasine 26th May 1651), on 
charter by David Ross of Balnagown, in favour of Andrew M'Culloch and 
Isabella Dunbar, his spouse, of part of the lands of Mekill Dallas in the 
barony of Westray ; he had by her, 

22. Hugh. (See belotv,) 

22. Hugh M'Culloch, second of Glastulich, ' eldest son and heir of the 
second marriage'; he obtained from his father a bond of provision for 
himself and his mother of a liferent annuity out of the lands of Glastulich 

(Sasine 29th July 1668). He died before 1703, having married 

, and had a son, 

23. David. (See beiouu) 

23, David M'Culloch, third of Glastulich ; Hugh Ross of Brealang- 
well (88) renounced in his favour, as ' son and heir of the deceased Hugh,' 
the lands of Glastulich (Sasine 14th October 1726). These lands had been 
adjudicated to him, then styled Hugh Ross of Glastulich, 14th February 
1695, and were apprized from David M'Culloch, now of Glastulich, heir 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 6i 

to the deceased Hugh, his father, and to his deceased grandfather. David 
Ross of Balnagown disponed in his favour the lands of Little Allan 21st 
March 1705. He married Christian, daughter of Roderick M'Leod of 
Cambuscurrie, marriage contract dated 13th July 1706, and disponed in 
her favour the lands of Bellamuckie in liferent (Sasine ist February 17 11), 
settling a further provision for her out of the same lands (Sasine loth 
October 1735). She died 1758, set. 69. They had, 

24. Hugh, * eldest son ' (Sasine 24th June 1726), died before 


25. Roderick. (See below,) 

26. Walter, 'second son* (Sasine loth October 1735). 

[i.] Christian, married David, son of John Gray of Newtown 
(Sasine 26th February 1740). 
25. Roderick M*Culloch, fourth of Glastulich, designated as * second 
son' in Sasine 24th June 1726, and 'eldest son' loth October 1735, *o^ 
Glastulich' (witness to Sasine 26th May 1741). He was *out in the '45 ' 
and was taken prisoner in Sutherland. He married Jean, eldest daughter 
of David Ross, second of Inverchasley (51), by whom he had 
26. David, captain in the army. 

[i.J Helen, married Captain Thomas Rose of Bindal P. 
Mary M'Culloch, as previously stated, is called by General Charles 
Ross his first cousin. In the deed of settlement of Invercharron no 
paternity is given. She is said to have been daughter to David M*Culloch 
and Christian M*Leod. This would make her second cousin to General 
Ross, as Mary, daughter of Hugh Munro of Newmore, great aunt to the 
General, married, circa 1686, Hugh M*Leod, father of Roderick. She died 
17th December 1793, having married, 22d June 1758, Mr. Hugh Rose, 
minister of Creich, and then of Tain, born circa 1730, and died 23d 
September 1774 {Fasti Eec, Scot,\ by whom she had six sons and a 

Hugh Rose, fifth son, born 31st October 1767 (Tain Reg.), purchased 
the estate of Glastulich ; he married first Annabella Margaretta, daughter 
of Colonel Phipps, by whom he had, with other children, 

Hugh Munro St. Vincent Rose of Glastulich. P. 
He married secondly, Katherine, daughter of Colonel Duncan Munro 
of Culcaim, and with two daughters had, 

George W. Holmes Ross, late of Cromarty. P. (See ante xix.) 

Other M'Culloch and Ross Marriages from the 
Inverness Sasines. 

Angus M*Culloch of Badferne, married Isobella Ross (Sasine 12th 
August 1640). 

Hugh M*Culloch of Badferne, married Isobel Ross (Sasine 20th 
June 1650). 

Donald M'Culloch in Furness, married Barbara Ross (Sasine 30th 
July 1666). 

John Ross, burgess of Dornoch, married Margaret M*Culloch (Sasines 
2d August 1680, 2 2d February 1688). 

John M*Culloch, boatwright, Cromarty, married Margaret, eldest 

Digitized by 


62 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

daughter to Andrew Ross in Cromarty (Sasine on marriage contract 24th 
August 1695). 

John M'Culloch of Piltoun, married Katherine Ross (Sasine 7th 
August 1704). 


Ross OF Balmachy. — (193) Walter Ross, Third of Balmachy. — 
In volume xxxiii., Edinburgh lestaments under date 27th February 1598, 
there is the testament-dative and inventory of goods, etc., pertaining to 
the deceased Margaret Munro, sometime spouse to Walter Ross, apparent 
of Ballanionthie, in the parish of Tarbet, and shire of Inverness, who died 
8th May 1594, given up by the said Walter, as father, etc., to 

1. Hugh, 

2. George, 

3. Donald, 

4. David, 

5. William, 

[I.] Katrene, 
2.J Issobell, 
their lawful bairns, and executors-dative surrogate to their deceased 
mother. Confirmed 27th February 1598. James Innes, fiar of Inner- 
braikie, is cautioner. 

Ross OF Balnagown. — David Ross (20), the last laird of Balnagown, 
in 1668 gave part of the Oxgate lands of the Drum of Feam to John Ross 
and Margaret his wife. It is by no means clear whether the husband, or 
the wife, was his illegitimate child. The above John Ross, mason in 
Balnagown, died before 17 17, and his wife, Margaret, before 1741, having 
had an only son, David, who died before his father, and three daughters. 
, the eldest, married James Ross, tailor in Feam, who in 17 17 pur- 
chased the portions of the other two daughters, and died — January 1738, 
having had, 

[i.] Frances, who married Finlay Ross, alias Roy, tenant of 
the Wester Drums of Feam. 

(2.] Elspeth, married George M'Gilies in Arboll. 
3. J Euphemia, died before her father, having married 
Roderick Dingwall, tenant at the Bridge End of 
Fearn, by whom she had two sons and two daughters. 
These three sisters were retoured' heirs portioners to the deceased 
John Ross, their grandfather, and also to the deceased David Ross of 
Balnagown, their great-grandfather, in part of the lands of the Drum of 
Feam (Sasine 28th July 1741). The above James Ross, owing money to 
Bailie Donald Ross of Tain, in payment of the debt, the above heirs 
ceded to him these Oxgate lands of the Drum of Fearn (^Memorial about 
the Heritable Estate of Bailie Donald), 

Ross OF Calrossie. — From the following notice it appears that 
Thomas Ross, second of Calrossie (65), stated to be the son of Thomas 
Ross, first of Calrossie (64), by Katherine Ross his wife, was not his son, 
but his nephew. Procuratory of resignation of Thomas Ross of Calrossie, 
and pertinents in the parish of Logic Easter and sheriffdom of Ross, for 
new infeftment in favour of himself, and Thomas Ross of Knockan, son 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 63 

to Malcolm Ross, merchant in Tain, his brother german (63), and the 
heirs male of the said Thomas Ross of Knockan. Alexander Ross, 
sheriflf-clerk depute of Ross, is a witness. Signed at Calrossie 7 th October 
1732, registered 13th December {Reg, of Deeds, MacKenzie Office, Edin. 
vol. 132). 

There was a Malcolm Ross ' of Calrossie ' who died 15th September 
1 6 18 {Kal of Feme), (See (72) and (22).) 

Ross OP Easterfearn. — The daughters of Alexander Ross, fifth of 
Easterfearn (105) were, 

[i.] Janet Gordon, who married Mr. Arthur Sutherland, 

minister at Edderton, and was his widow in 1728. 
2.1 Margaret Gordon. 

3.] , married Innes, and had a son, Walter. 

'4.] Elizabeth, married Manson. 

The latter will of Captain Ross of Daan (116), who died — June 1735, 
was dated at Mt. Ephraim, Tunbridge Wells, 4th September 1728. He 
named his brother Alexander, W.S., executor, and left legacies to his 
sisters and other relatives. Confirmed i6th June 1737 {Commiss, of 
Edinburgh Tests, vol. 99). 

(106, 107). — Corrections. — William Ross, sixth {not fifth) of Easterfearn, 
was commissary clerk of Ross in or before 1706 until after 1724. He 
died in 1727 (not in 1 712, as previously stated). His son and heir, 
Alexander, afterwards seventh {not sixth) of Easterfearn, served and 
retoured heir to his father before 1729, had in 1726 become commissary 
clerk of Ross (Sasine 15th December). Being unable to pay the claims 
on him for the remainder of the purchase-money of Tarlogie, in lieu of 
further payment David M*Lendris or Ross, his creditor, accepted the 
clerkship, to which he was not regularly appointed until 1733 {MS, notes). 
Another Alexander Ross in a charter of resignation of part of Little 
Allan, called Balnagore {Gt, Sea/, 3d February 17 10, Sasine on ist March), 
is styled * commissary clerk of Ross.' He appears as witness to many 
Sasines j in one, dated 25th February 1724, he is described as writer at 
Tain, commissary clerk depute of Ross. He died before 4th June 1730, 
when William, his eldest son and heir, disposed of lands in Dornoch. He 
had also a son Hugh {Tain Registers) whose daughter Jannet was baptized 
23d May 1723. 

Another Alexander Ross was commissary clerk of Tain, and married 
Janet, daughter of Bailie Dingwall ; 'they had, 

Alexander, baptized 20th September 1720. 
Charles, baptized loth September 1722. 
Christian, baptized 20th December 1723. 
Again, an Alexander Ross was Dean of Guild in Tain before 1698, 
and witnessed many Sasines j he had a son Alexander (Sasine 15th July 
1724), and a son David (Sasine 17th October 1705). He was. living in 

David Ross, notary, mentioned in various Sasines between 1690-1708, 
was sheriff-clerk of Ross ; he had Andrew, his eldest son, and Mr. George, 
schoolmaster at Tarbat 

Ross OF Inverchaslev (second family so styled (see 50)). — From the 
nomination of heirs made in 1762 by Mr. David Ross (52), afterwards 

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64 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Lord Ankerville, whose marriage contract bears date 7th August 1755, *t 
appears that David Ross, first of Inverchasley, by his first wife, had the 
following daughters, 

[i.] Anne, married to John Haldane of Aberathven, by whom 
she had an only son David, captain in the Royal 
Regiment of Highlanders. 
[2.] Margaret, married to Charles Urquhart of Brealangwell, 
by whom she had an only son David (Sasine on 
marriage contract, 28th September 1728). 
By his second wife, as previously stated, he had an only daughter, 

Mary, married to John Grant of Ballintome.^ 
The daughters of David Ross, second of Inverchasley, were, 

[i.] Jean, eldest daughter, wife of Roderick M*Culloch of 
Glastulich, by whom she had a son David, captain in 
the army. 
[2.] Isobel,^ wife of William Ross, tenth of Invercharron. She 

and her heirs were passed over in the settlement. 
[3.] Mary. 
The above-named settlement included the lands of Shandwick, Tarlogie, 
Newton of Tarlogie and Fanintraid, Morangie and Dibidaile, part of 
Drumgillie, Easter Kindeace, Morvichwater, part of Meikle Ranie, Pitkery, 
and various lands near Tain. 

(59) Charles Ross, Lieutenant-General, styled * of Morangie,' second 
son of David Ross, second of Inverchasley,^ having become owner of 
Invercharron, made a settlement of his estates 31st May 1796, recorded 
nth March 1797 {Register of Tailzies^ Edinburgh, vol. 30, f. 107). Fail- 
ing his own heirs, he disponed his estates to his nephew, Charles Ross, 
advocate (57), and his heirs, whom falling to David Ross, younger of 
Ankerville (53), and his heirs ; to his nephew, Captain David Ross 
(85), son of William Ross, late of Invercharron, by his sister, Isobel Ross ; 
to his nephew, George Munro of Culrain ; to Captain David Ross, late of 
Kindeace, now on half pay, and their heirs ; whom failing to his nieces, 
daughters of Lord Ankerville, viz. Margaret, wife of Major James Baillie, 
Fort-Major of Fort-George, Elizabeth Ross, Jean Ross, and their heirs ; to 
his nieces, daughters of Invercharron, viz, Helen, wife of William M*Caw, 
and Elizabeth Ross, second daughter, and their heirs; to James Rose, 
writer, Edinburgh, third son of the deceased Mr. Hugh Rose, minister of 
Tain, by Mary M'Culloch, his (the General's) first cousin, and his heirs j 
whom all failing, to his own lawful heirs, etc., etc. 

^ John Grant, third son of John Grant of Dalrachney, and Mary Ross his spouse, 
6th December 1736, gave a discharge to David Ross of Inverchasley for 2000 merks, 
due by bond of provision from her father, dated 12th January 1733 {Register of D feds, 
Mackenzie Office, vol. 162). 

' This lady in the Shandwick papers is called Ann (see ante, Invercharron (84) ); her 
son David was captain in the 71st {not ist) regiment of Foot, and was serving in India in 
1796, Her eldest daughter, Helen, married William {ftot David) M*Caw. 

' Inverness Sasines, vol. viii., fol. 275. Sasine on disposition by William {not George, 
as previously stated) Ross of Morangie, writer in Edinburgh, in favour of David Ross of 
Inverchasley, of the town and lands of Easter and Wester Morangie, with the two 
milns thereof, etc., in the parish of Tain. At Edinburgh, i8th March 1726, Hugh 
M*Culloch ... is writer of the precept. Sasine on 20th April 1726, in presence of 
Charles Ross of Eye, Simon Ross of Rosehill, and David M'CuUoch of Glastulich. 
David Ross obtained the lands of Dibidale also from the alx)ve William Ross, son of 
George («ee (51) ), 

Digitized by 


07\ Northern Notes and Queries. 65 

This distinguished officer received his commission as ensign in 
Leighton's regiment (3 2d Foot) 6th April 1747. He became lieutenant 
ad October 1755; captain-lieutenant, Anstruther's regiment (58th Foot), 
25th December 1755; captain, 32d Foot, 28th August 1756; 2d major. 
Earl of Sutherland's Battalion of Highlanders, 27th August 1759; lieu- 
tenant-colonel, 39th Foot, 31st July 1773 ; colonel of the 7 2d Foot, 13th 
October 1780. This regiment was disbanded in 1783, when he was 
placed on half-pay. He became major-general 19th October 1781, and 
lieutenant-general 12th October 1793. 

In June 1779, being at that time lieutenant-colonel of the 39th, he suc- 
ceeded in joining his corps at Gibraltar by assuming a disguise and risking 
the passage in a row-boat from Faro, a port in Portugal. In 1781 he 
went to England, and 13th November returned to Gibraltar to take 
command of his regiment, the 7 2d, or Royal Manchester Volunteers. 
On 27th November he commanded a force of about 2000 men in a 
sortie from the garrison, destroying the enemy's advanced batteries; 
and in December returned to England (War Office Records), He was 

M.P. for the Wick Burghs, 1780-84. He died s,p, 1797; his 

nephew, Charles Ross, advocate, was served heir to him 26th April in 
the same year. 

Ross OF KiNDEACE (second family so styled). — Alexander Ross (69), 
eldest son of the second marriage of Malcolm Ross of Kindeace (41), as 
has been already stated, joined hid uncle Robert M*Culloch, merchant, at 
Copenhagen. He there became a grocer. He was born 5th July 1659, 

and died 27th August 1722, having married Catherine Elizabeth 

Abesteen, who was born 15th June 1675, ^"^ ^^^^ 9^^ June 1735. He 
obtained a grant of arms from the Lyon Office, dated ist March 1699, 
Sir Alexander Erskine of Cambo, Bart., being Lyon King. He is styled 
* Master Alexander Ross, merchant in Copenhagen, lawful son to Malcolm 
Ross of Kindeace, and lawfully descended of the family of Balnagown. 
The said Mr. Alexander for his ensigns armoriall Bears Gules three Lyon- 
cells rampant argent within a bordure counter compound of the second 
and first, and for his Brotherly difference a Crescent in abysm or in the 
center argent on an helmet answerable to his degree with a mantle gules 
doubling argent and wreath of his colours is sett for his Crest a Fox 
passant proper with this motto in an Escroll above ' Caute non astute ' 
{Archives of the Heralds Officf, Copenhagen). It must have been at this 
time that the bore-brieve (to which frequent reference has been made) 
was granted to Alexander Ross, perhaps by the Lyon Office, although in 
a search made there no record of it or of the grant of arms was found. 
The bore-brieve gives his paternal and maternal descent for many genera- 
tions, the old copy in my possession is wanting in date and signature. It 
concludes by stating that * he was educat and brought up in the fear of 
God, earlie instructed in the principles of the Christian religion and 
orthodox faith . . , and while in his native country he behaved and 
demeaned himself in all places and societies piously and honestly as 

He left an only daughter and heiress, 

Marie, born 3d June 1693, died 12th January 17 15, having 
married, i6th January 17 10, Daniel Walker, grocer 
at Copenhagen, who was born 5th March 1680, and 

VOL. v. — NO. XVIII. E 

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66 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

died 8th September 1747. They had a son, Alexander. 
(See bdow.) 
Alexander Walker inherited his grandfather's property, and, in accord- 
ance with his will, assumed the name of Ross in lieu of his own. He was 
born 17th December 17 10, and married first Magdalene Elisa- 
beth Euran, who died 15th October 1754, and secondly Anna 

Christina, daughter of Admiral Tydicker; she died s.p, 23d May 1766. 
Having. served the King of Denmark for thirty years, he was made 'Com- 
missioner General of War* with the rank of Major-General. On 2d March 
1782 he petitioned King Christian vn. to create him a Danish nobleman, 
and to permit him to use the Arms of his mother's ancestors. This 
petition was granted 12th June 1782, and all the documents are duly 
registered in the Herald's Office at Copenhagen. 
By his first wife he had, w:ith a daughter, 

Paul Alexander, Aide-de-Camp and Major, born 26th October 
1746, married, nth July 1782 or 1783, Petronelle 
Wasserfree, by whom he had two sons, 
Alexander, born 23d May 1784. 
- ^ • Peter Vilhelm, born 29th January 1793. 

They have left very numerous descendants, of whom • a description 
may be found under the heading of Ross of Balnagown in the Danish 
Peerage {Danmarks Adds Aarboy) published yearly at Copenhagen by 
A. Thiset. 

Ross OF Logy (see vol. iv. p. 172). — Correction, for which I am in- 
debted to Mr. D. Murray Rose. — Hugh Ross^ called by me first of Logy, was 
Hugh. Rose^ son of John Rose, first of Ballivat, by Marjory Dunbar. He 
was murdered in 1572, his widow, Elizabeth Gumming, being alive in 
1586. On 1 6th September 1572 the Regent Morton wrote to Kil- 
ravock to protect the children of Hugh of Logy, * his kynnisman.' 

F. N. R. 

296. Erskine of Dun. — I have juSt seen Historicat Castles and 
Mansions of Scotland by A. H, Millar, F.S.A., published by Gardiner 
of Paisley this year. Jn it is a full account of the Erskines of Dun — 
or rather of Dun House and its inhabitants, which on the whole bears me 
'out. It is chiefly, however, in regard to the view taken of the trial of 
1613 that Mr. Millar differs from me. He. reads the record as conclusive 
of guilt. I have gone most carefully into his statements, and compared 
them with my own and the record as it stands in Pitcairn, and adhere 
to ray own opinion, that the evidence, as recorded in Pitcairn, does not 
warrant a conviction, 

I would like a medical opinion on this. Is it possible for a concoction 
of drugs to cause death in 2\ or 2| years after it was administered ? If 
not, then Mr. Millar's case breaks down. 

Mr. Millar makes John Erskine of Dun (No. IXs) to have died 
1592, and says that his brother David predeceased him. If so, David's 
sons, John and Alexander, must have been born 1588-1589 or 1590, and 
must have been over twenty at the time of their death — whereas the eldest 
was thep under ten. ITiis I think is an error. 

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297. Brass Box. — We give an engraving of a brass box somewhat 
similar in shape and size to the one engraved in vol. iv., p. 177. It came 
from the south-west of England, and was in the possession of an old 
labourer in whose family it had been for three generations, if not more. 


We should be glad ff any of our readers ivotild give us an exphn.Ttion of 
the design and inscriplion. The box is now in the possession of the 
Rev, X. Peel Massy, 


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68 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

298. Orkney Folklore. Sea Myths. — i. The Mester Ship. — 
In offering to the public these old-world myths, I must warn the reader 
that he will often meet in them what he may be inclined to regard as 
monstrously extravagant and absurd. But let it be remembered that love 
of the extravagant and delight in the marvellous occupy the same place 
among an ui\lettered people as love of the grand and the sublime hold in 
the educated mind. 

Folklore myths and tales are interesting as showing the oral literature, 
if the term be admissible, of our ancestors. These tales are also useful in 
throwing a light, dim and shadowy, it may be, on prehistoric times. As 
the Sibylline books were supposed to contain a mystic foreshadowing of 
the future, so does folklore in reality cast a flickering light that reveals 
obscurely strange shadows of the mysterious past Such tales present to 
us pictures of long departed and unlettered ages; pictures often exaggerated 
and distorted, always blurred by the hand of time, or disfigured by the 
rough medium by which they have been transmitted. The channels 
through which folk-tales have come to us are now fast drying up, if not 
already dry. Cheap literature, aided by advanced education, superseded 
and for ever hushed Orcadian fireside lore. It is upwards of forty years 
since the myths now offered were collected by the hearths of Orkney 
cottages, and I suspect few of these tales are known to the young Orcadians 
of to-day. 

Among the many old myths that have lingered in the folklore of 
Orkney that of the great ship should not be forgotten. And, without 
philosophising on or attempting to trace the origin of this myth, I shall 
give the account of the Mester Ship in the words of an old weaver who 
died in 1840. I only change his old-world words into English. Alas I 
that no English of mine can convey the graphic force and picturesque 
beauty possessed by the Orkney dialect. The words in parenthesis are 
inserted by way of explanation. 

' Ay, the Mester Muckle Ship 1 She was a ship worth speaking abouL 
Her like was never built. Her match for size never sailed the sea. Her 
awful size and everything about her was fairly out be-told. No mortal eye 
could see from stem to stem of the Mester Ship. See from end to end of 
her indeed ! Well, I '11 tell you what happened one time. The stem of 
the Mester Ship was lying off Stronsay (one of the Orkney islands) taking 
in peats from Rothes-holm, while she was taking in wood on midships at 
the same time off Norway. But that was nothing. There was a young 
lad — he was not twenty when he took on to be a hand on the Muckle Ship 
— he was standing aft beside the captain. Says the captain to him, " Go 
forward, and tell the men at the bow to weigh anchor." He travelled from 
the stern to the bow ; he made his message ; he travelled back from bow 
to stern, without any delay. When he left the captain he was a well- 
favoured young man, with bright, yellow hair, and cheeks as red as a 
harvest moon, and when he came back aft he was a bowed down old 
man, with white hair, and cheeks as grey as a tanned hide. That shows 
you the terrible length of the Mester Ship, does it not ? 

*The height of the ship's masts was awful to think on. Often they had 
three kinds of weather on board the Mester Ship. When it rained or 
snowed upon deck there would, may be, on the main-top be a raw mist, 
and on the maintop-gallant a bright sun and fair weather. Sometimes, 
when it was fiat calui on the sea, and never a cool in the lower courses, 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 69. 

the top-gallant yards would be cracking under a double reefer. Ye see, 
the rigging of the ship was so lofty that the crew had need to take care 
when sailing under the moon for fear of fouling the top masts with the 
moon. Indeed, with all their care, they made a nasty karmash (catastrophe) 
aloft one day. The course of the ship lay right under the moon ; and she 
was sailing fast under a squally wind. Says the captain to the mate, " We 
won't weather him." (The moon is masculine in the old dialect.) Says 
the mate to the captain, "Can't manage it." Says the captain to the man 
at the helm, " Weather your helm, and shave him close ; he *11 set us a long 
way to lee." The ship, under a smart gale, was heeling far over on her 
starboard side. So they ran the ship under the moon ; while, owing to 
the lying over of the ship, her topmasts were miles away from the lee side 
of the moon. Whether it was that the moon took the wind out of the top 
sails, or did the wind suddenly fail, I know not, howbeit, the ship 
righted up on her keel till her masts stood even up and down, and then, 
plague on the dogs ! if the foretop-gallant mast came not bump on the 
bottom of the moon. And, as the vessel ran on, the mast gave the bottom 
of the moon such a dirty scratch as I doubt if he 's got the better of his 
wound to this day. You 're laughing 1 But I can sweetly swear, if ye had 
been in the foretop of the Mester Ship the day she ran foul of the moon, 
there would have been little laughter in your mind. But that was not all. 
As the ship sped on, the maintop-gallant mast came with a terrible crash 
against the side of the moon. They say it made, the moon shake. But, 
shake or no shake, snap went the maintop mast. The top-gallant mast 
was left on the moon, and two of the men, who were sitting on the cross- 
trees mending their rivelins (a kind of sandal), were carried away with the 
mast to the moon. You '11 see them in the moon carrying the mast on 
their shoulders, one at each end ; and the cross-trees and top-gallant sail 
hanging on the middle. And one of the men has petticoat breeches on. 

* Another true tale shows the terrible height of the Mester Ship's masts. 
One day a sailor, when aloft, dropped his knife. It was a new knife ; and 
when it fell out of his hand there was not a speck of rust on it, more than 
is on the back of my hand this minute. Yet, so great was the height from 
which it came, that when it fell on the deck it was one lump of red rust, 
all but the handle, that was horn. 

*They say that when the Mester Ship had all her canvas set, with a fine 
gale, she went through the water faster than any bird could fly. And when 
she was under full way, Lord pity any living thing that came before her stem ! 
One time, when she was tearing through the North Sea under full sail, 
with the clouds flapping about her topmasts, and the sea roaring at her 
bows like a thousand mad bulls, the lookout cries, " Land on larboard 
bow." Scarcely was the cry out of his mouth when another cried, " Land 
on starboard bow." " Keep her steady," cried the captain ; " we *11 find a 
passage right ahead." The next minute the ship gave such a mester devil 
of a stroke on something that made all her timbers crack, and the sea 
grew black with the blood of the stoorworm (great sea serpent), for the 
ship had cut the monster clean in two. And what they took for land on 
their right hand and on their left, were humps of the stoorworm's back. 
That stoorworm was said to be a calf of the mester stoorworm that the 
Mester Assipattle slew. But he was not so big as his father, though big 
enough. Lord knows ! They say he was seven hundred miles long ; but, 
on my truth, the Mester Ship made him shorter ! 

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JO The Scottish Antiquaty ; 

'A curious thing happened one time whence Mester Ship lay in the 
east sea with her stern off the Isle of Sanday, (another of the Orkneys). 
One of the ship's men took terribly bad, with a grievous swelling in all his 
body. His name was Toral. He belonged to Sanday. I'orals were once 
plenty in Sanday, but they have all died out now. Well, as I was saying, 
Toral took a terrible swelling. Well, he besought the captain to set him 
on shore in Sanday, so that he might be beside his own folk. So a boat 
was sent ashore with him. The boat filled the whole Bay of Stove, where 
they landed. They got Toral out at the Pier of Hangie; and six men 
bore him up to the house of Quoy, for that was where his wife abode. 
And he was swelling more and more, all the time they bore him. And as 
they entered with him in the doorway, plague on the dogs ! if he did not 
stick fa««t between the door-cheeks, the swelling had made him so big. 
And they pulled to get him in, and then pulled to get him out. But they 
could not budge him one inch. And there he hung in the doorway for 
seven months ; and his wife fed him all that lime with spoon meat. And 
that 's all that i mind on about the Mester Ship. The old folk said far 
more about her, but I have forgotten the most of it.* 

The tale of Toral stuck in the doorway may remind some readers of 
the Indian tradition that tells of a shepherd who, after eating stolen fruit, 
swelled to such an extent that he stuck in the entrance of the cave temple, 
south of Baggulpore. 

When asked what had become of the Mester Ship, the narrator would 
say : * They say she sailed away to find the outer edge of the world. Ye 
know there is a rim of ice about the world, just like the rim around a 
sieve. Now, if the Mester Ship ran foul of that wall of ice, Lord knows 
what may have happened, for I know not.' 

2. ^ The Mither of the ^Sifa.'— Man in an untutored state personifies 
all the phenomena of nature, accounts for all the vicissitudes of weather, 
the succession of seasons, and all the marvels of nature with which he is 
surrounded, by creating a myth, which, being adapted to, explains every 
phase and reads every riddle in the mysteries of nature. The enormous 
swarms of animal life in the ocean had to be accounted for, and 
straightway from the imagination of some half savage, who, had he lived in 
modern times, might have been a poet, sprang the idea of the Sea Mother. 

She was a great and benign being, who gave vitality to every living 
creature in the sea. The Sea Mither did not, however, reside permanently 
in the watery element ; indeed, she was not allowed to do so. For in 
this, as in most of the Northern traditionary myths, the dualistic idea is 
strong. She had a powerful and black-hearted rival, with whom she 
maintained a periodical warfare. His name was Teran, which, in Orkney 
dialect, means furious anger. She took up her summer residence in the 
sea, generally about the middle of spring. No sooner did she take to the 
water than there ensued a violent conflict between her and Teran \ which 
continued for days, sometimes for weeks. This battle caused storm and 
great commotion in the sea, and was called *the Vore tuUye' (spring 
struggle) of Teran and the Sea Mither. Of course this struggle always 
took place at the same time as the gales which generally accompany the 
vernal equinox. After a more or less violent conflict, Teran is conquered, 
bound, and laid in the bottom of the deep sea. Then began the Sea 
Mither's reign, ^nd her benignant work. She stilled the wintry storms 

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oVy Norlhern NMes and Qua^ies. 7 v 

into summer calm ; hushed into soft song the wild raving of thfe waves ;. 
and brought a genial warmth into the sea. She gave power to all living 
creatures in the sea to propagate their kinds. Some of my old gossips 
went so far as to give her the power of creating new life. The Sea 
Mither's maternal cares were often interrupted by sharp gales, and angry 
commotion in the sea; and these were caused by the struggles of Teian 
to free himself. It was amusing to hear some of my old informers tell of 
the wonderful effects of the Sea Mither*s rule on sea and weather. Their 
description of summer under her rule might have tempted one to believe 
that the Orkney archipelago had become the islands of the blessed. 

As the middle of autumn approached, and the autumnal equinox 
drew near, the Sea Mither began to be exhausted by her manifold labours 
in staying the tempests, in guarding her prisoner, and in her multifarious 
maternal duties. In an evil hour Teran breaks his bonds ; a terrific battle 
ensues, called *the Gore vellye' (harvest destructive work). The Sea 
Mither is overcome, and has to take her flight from the ocean, leaving it 
for a time under the dominion of the wintry-faced Teran. It may be 
said in conclusion, that neither the Sea Mither nor her adversary were 
ever visible to mortal eye, W. Traill Dennison, 

West Brough, Sanday, Orkney. 

299. The Adventures of a Last-Century Herald at a Funeral 
— Funeral ceremonies were formerly conducted on a much more elaborate 
scale than is at present the case, and at the obsequies of any person of 
distinction, the presence of one or more heralds was always required, in 
order that the arms of the deceased might be properly marshalled on the 
various flags and ensigns carried in the procession, and also on the 
hatchment which it was the invariable practice to display on the house 
and in the church. The following curious production is written on a 
small loose leaf, and has apparently formed a portion of the diary of the 
writer : — 

* Saturday about twelve o'clock died Dame Katharine Campbell, daug* 
of the Lord Cardro's, and Spouse to (Daniel) Campbell of Shawfield, Esq., 
in a good old age. She was interred in the Kirk of Bothwell on fryday 
following, being the 24th of July 1752. There were at the Buriall, the 
gardner on horseback, six Batonmen, a led mourning horse, the butler and 
other three principall servants as Gentlemen ushers bareheaded, the hearse 
w* a dress pale drawn by six drest horses ; Mr. Norie and Mr. Dulap on 
each side ; Shawfield's coach and six ; the Earl of Buchan's chaise, Earl of 
Glencairn's, Sir William Bain's, and two others ; the rest of the Company, 
to the number of 200, on horseback, 3 and 3 ; the grieve in deep mourn- 
ing, followed by all the tennents, 2 and 2 ; and last of all the servents of all 
the nobility and gentry that were there, 2 and 2, Wednesday, the 2 2d, I 
ordered the Escutcheon to be put up on the front of the house, there to 
remain. That night I lay in a house at the entry head in a very ill bed, 
which determined me to sit up the night following. Fryday morning I 
went to Bothwell and put up another 'Scutcheon on the outside of the 
Church above the door. I came back to Woodhall and drest the hearse 
and horses. In the afternoon I went along with the burial to Bothwell, 
and gave directions for taking in the 'Scutcheon from the outside and 
placing it in a convenient place within the Kirk. The 8 pheons q*'^ 
were on the hearse were placed round it. At night I was oblidged to hire 

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72 The Scottish Antiquaiy ; 

a horse for Hamilton, but just as I was entering the town the horse fell 
with me and bruised me so much that it was tuesday before I was able to 
work well.' J. B. P. 

300. Sepulchral Brass to John Beton (abridged from the 
Reliquary of October 1872). — This brass is inserted in the north wall of 
Edensor Church, Derbyshire. It measures nearly 33 inches in height, by 
about 24 inches in width, and consists of a square inscription tablet sur- 
rounded by an oval border. At the top of the inscription, and within 
the oval, are the arms of Beton, quartering Balfour, i and 4 azure^ a. 
fess between three mascles, or for Beton. 2, 3, argent, on a chevron sa, 
an otter's head erased of the field, with helmet, crest, and mantling. 
On either side of the shield is a seated cupid holding an open book. 

At the bottom of the plate, within the oval, is a figure of John Beton 
in plate armour, lying full length upon an altar or table, which, from the 
grass, is evidently out of doors ; his head, which is bare, resting on a 
])illow. On the grass, at his head, is a closed book, and at his feet an 
open one, lying on the ground, in front of a group consisting of body 
armour, a bow and quiver of arrows, a sword, a mace, a bundle of spears, 
and books, open and closed. At the sides of the inscription are hewed- 
out groups of fruit and flowers, while the comers are filled in with bold 
Elizabethan ornaments. The inscription is as follows : — 


loanni Betonio Scoto, nobilis et optimi viri loannis Betonii ab 
Anthmwthy^ filio, Davidis Betonii Illustriss, S.R.E. Cardinalis nepoti, 
lacobi Betonii Reuerendiss S. Andreae Archiepiscopi et Regni Scotise 
Cancellarii digniss pronepoti ab ineunte setate in humanioribus disciplinis, 
& philosophia, quo facilior ad jus RomanQ (cujus ipse Consultiss fuit) 
aditus pateret ab optimis quibusc]^ praeceptorib' & liberaliter & ingenue, 
educato : omnibus morum facilitate, fide prudentia, & constantia charo : 
vnde a Sereniss Principe Maria Scotoru' Gallorumc]^ Regina in praegus- 
tatoris primu, Mox Oeconomi munus sufTecto, eiusdem%. Sereniss 
Reginae, vna cum aliis, evinculis truculentiss. Tiranni, apud leuini lacus 
castrum liberatori fortiss quem post varias legationes, & ad Carolum ix. 
Galliarum Regem Christianiss & ad Elizabetham Sereniss Anglorum 
Reginam faeliciter & non sine laude susceptas : falis proper antibus, ni 
suae aetatis flore, sors aspera immanidq-senterias Morbo, e numero viventiu 
exemit lacobus Reverendiss. Glasquensis Archiepiscopus, & Andreas 
Betonii ejusdem sereniss. Reginae ille apud Regem Christianiss & legatus 
hie vere oeconomus in p petuam rei meraoriam ex volutate & pro imperio 
sereniss Reginae herae clem^tiss frs moeliss posuerut. 

Obiit anno salutis 1570 vixit annos %2 menses 7 6^ diem dhi expectat apud 

Chathworth in Anglia, 




The inscription is signed -/B., probably either the Andrew Beton 
named in the Inscription, or Archibald Beton, one of Queen Mary's 

* Auchmithic, in Forrarshire. 

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or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 73 

30 i. Highland Will, 1633. — ^^ ^^ Vexi<^ Till all men Be yis pfit 
L,r6s Me Charlis M^Allan v*= Charlie of "* wigan for the Luife and favor I 
carie to Margarett Stewart my spous To haife frielie givin grantit and 
disponit Lyke as I be thes prns frielie gives grants and dispones to ye sd 
Margarett Stewart my spous hir airs executores or assignais or any uther 
hir dirupaches g' samebie, ane gray Meare qlk pertains to me fyve yere 
awld past iiray upon the lands of neg Crigan with all and haill the off- 
spring of ye sd Mean To be bruiket and poss** be ye sd Margarett 
Stewart my spous y' upon at hir pleasure in all tyme coming als friely but 
obsed (?) or impediment as ever I micht haife done my selfe And 
obleissis me my airs executors and assigs Nevie Nevie (?) to trowble or 
molest ye sd Margaret nor hir foirsds in the sure possession or disposition 
of ye sd Mear in any tyme herafter and for ye better securitie I am 
content and consents this pnts be insert or regfat in the books of cownsell 
or Session or Shrefe clerke of Argyle One ye behaife the strenth (?) of 
uther of them do treits (?) and aiTcts (?) in terponit y' by and to that 
effect constitute {a blank left here). This pigs promitten de rata In 
witness yrof this pft written be Hary Chryslie Notar in ardnamurchin. 
I haife Sub' the samyne w** my hand as followis at Criganye tent day of 
SeptSt the yeir of God jnj vi threttie and three years Beffor this witness 
John Campbell appearand of Dunstaffnich and Ard M'^Lauchlan son 
law" to ye barron of Achnechan ? 

I Charlie M'^Alister v"" Charlis w* my hand tuiching ye pen of ye 
Notar underwritten at my command Becaus I canote write myselfe. 

Ita est Henricus Christie No'ius publicus in requisitione opeSt 

mandato dicti Charlie M^'Alster v^ Charles sticbere nescen ut 

Jo Campbell, witness testan manu mea expft C. M. C. 

(No other signature) — Ardchattan AfSS. 

302. Hogmanay. — Ifock or Ifoke Z>ay, and also HoxDay, — The second 
Tuesday after Easter. The most ancient writer who employs this remark- 
able date is Mathew Paris, in the middle of the thirteenth century. 
Speaking of a Parliament held in 40 Henry in., he says that all the nobles 
of England assembled at London *in quindena Paschae, quae vulgaviter 
hoke-day appellatur ' {Ad. an, 1255). If, in this particular instance, the 
quinzime or Easter fortnight commenced with the festival, as it seems 
always to have done in England (see Ego Pastor bonus), Hoke day fell 
on Tuesday, April 6, or the second Tuesday after Easter Day, March 28 ; 
but if, according to the Benedictines of St. Maur, in their Ghssairedes Dates y 
the* quinzime commenced the week before and ended the week after (see 
Quindena Faschce\ the Hoke day of Mathew Paris was Easter Tuesday, 
but it is commonly understood to be the second Tuesday. On this day 
the custom of lifting prevails in Lancashire : the men lift or heave the 
women on Monday, and the women retaliate on Tuesday. Durandus 
(Div. Off., 1. vi) says that in some places it was a custom that on Monday 
the women beat their husbands, who returned the compliment on the 
following day. Spelman finds the word in the Rental of the Manor of 
Wy, * Averagium iEstivale fieri debet inter Hoke day et Gulam Augusti, et 
per diem Sabbati' {Gloss, p. 294). It is also found in Math, Par. ad 
annos 1252, 1255; Matt, Westm, ad an. 1261, p. 319; Dugd. Monastic. 
Angl.y tom. i. p. 104 ; Stat. i\ Edw, in., cap. 14 ; Madox, Formul, Aftgiic; 

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74 TIu Scottish Antiquary ; 

p. 225; Chartular, S. Trinit. CadomeuSy fo. 54 ; Du Cange, Gloss. ^ Hoke- 
day or Hoch Tuesday {Dus Mart is quern quindenam Pascha vacant) was a 
day so remarkable that rents were reserved and payable thereon j and in 
the accounts of Magdalen College, Oxford, there is a yearly allowance pra 
Mulietibus Hockantibu^y in some manors of theirs in Hants, where the 
men hack the women on Monday, and the contrary on Tuesday. The 
meaning of it is that on that day the women in merriment stoj) the way 
with ropes and pull passengers to them, desiring something to be laid oul 
in pious uses* (Jacob, Law Diet.), 

Apparently, taking the idea from the popular manner of observing this 
day, some have supposed that the term hock-day is equivalent to * dies 
irrisionis^ or irrisonus, a day of scorn and triumph (see Brantrs Antiq.^ 
p. 402), or, as we now say, *a day of Hoaxing.' 'J'hese writers derive it 
from the Saxon huise^ though they might have found heuch-tide in 
Somner's Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, Skinner mentions a derivation from 
the Dutch hocken^ des'dere^ and adds, * Mallem igitur deducere ah A.S, 
Heah'tid.' Kennet, with a similar impression of its import, suggests the 
Saxon IieadiBgy which answers to the French /taut Jour {Antiquit. Puroch,^ 
p. 495). It is strange that the German Hochzeit did not suggest to Spel- 
man, supposing him to have overlooked the Saxon word, the origin of 
Hochtide. Wachter remarks that his countrymen have lost the original 
signification of Hochzeit, though the Swedes have preserved it in their 
Hogtyd :ind Hogtyds dag, importing X\\t festival day ] and he notices some 
obsolete laws, from which it appears that hoi^e zeit preceded Sundays, and 
the three festivals, tlie Nativity, Kaster, and Pentecost. Hence he explains 
Noge zeit to be dies icetitice, a day of gladness (Glossar, Germanic, col. 727). 
— Medii /Evi Calendarium^ by R. T. Hampon, p. 198. 

303. Livingston of Dunipace. — In regard to *-.'s' query (vol. iv. 
p. 181), and *Carrick Pursuivant's' note thereupon (vol. v. p. 12), I beg 
to state that though there is a family tradition, and a very probable one, 
to the effect that the founder of this branch of the Livingstons of Callendar 
was Alexander Livingston, younger brother of James, first Lord Livingston 
{Obiit 1467), I have not as yet been able to discover any legal proof to 
support this theory.^ But, whatever this tradition may be worth, there is 
one thing quite certain, that the above Alexander Livingston, who was 
executed at Edinburgh upon the 2 2d January 1450 (owing to the tem- 
porary downfall of the Livingstons in the reign of James 11.), and his estate 
of Philde, in Perthshire, forfeited to the crown,^ could not have been the 
same pt^rson as the Alexander Livingston of Dunipace, the husband of 
Elizabeth Hepburn of Craigs (circa 1520), who apparently both *-.* 

* The above Alexander Livingston of PhiMe was Constable of Sti>ling Castle in 1447 
and 1448. Ilis father was the celebrated Sir Alexander Livingston of Callendar, for 
s me years ' Keeper of the King's Person ' during the minority of James ii. According 
to the Auchinleck Chronicle, * James' was the name of his son, who was beheaded in 
1450 ; but this is a mistake, as James live:! to be r.'ceived back into the royal favour, and 
to be created Lord Livingston ofCnllcndar, while his younger brother's death and for- 
feiture at this time is clearly proved from the Crown Charters of this reign. 

* Registrum Magni Sigilli, Liber iv. No. 4. dated 7lh March 1449-50; and Nq. 156, 
dated 6lh November 1451. As this estate in later years came into 'he possession of the 
Livingstons of Dunipace, it certainly looks like ihis Alexander of Philde may have Ix-en 
the founder of this branch, and probably the /o///^/- of No. L in my skech pedigree, 
if not No. L hiraelf* 

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oVy Northern Notes and Queries. 75 

and * Carfick Pursuivant ' consider to have been the founder of this family. 
Unfortunately, owing to the little leisure 1 have to devote to my researches 
into piy family history, I have had so far to neglect this particular 
branch of the once powerful Scottish House of Livingston, — alas ! that I 
should have thus to describe it ; — but 1 have managed to extract from my 
notes of searph among the * Great Seal Register '. and other original ms. 
sources, some meagre particulars concerning the line of Dunipace, from 
which I have compiled the following very rough sketch pedigree, trusting 
it may prove of some little service to * 2.? — 

I. Albxandkr Livingston of FyWc (Philde), Perthshire. 

(Mentioned in Charter dated 8th May 1552 as 

*«'«*' of No. III.) 

II. Alexander Livingston -of Dunipace, = Alison Gourlav. 
circa 1506-1532. I 

III. Magister Alexander Livingston of = Elizabeth Hepburn db Cxacgis. 
Philde and Dun<pace, circa 1517.-1560. I 
. Director Cancellane, A. D. 1 548-1 560. 

IV. John Livingston of Dunipace, cif-ca = Margaret Elphinston. 
1552-16—. I • 

V. John Livingston of Diinipace, died prior = 
to June 1610. I 

VI. John Livingston of Dunipace, died prior . David Livingston of Dunipace, 
to January 1620, without leaving issue, created a Baronet of JNova 

when his younger brother David succeeded Scotia, 30th May 1625. 

to hb estates. I 

John Livingston, designated eldest 
lawful son of above in a sa&ine 
dated 2d January 1627. 

E. B. Livingston, F.S.A., Scot., 

Author of The Livingstons of CalUndar and their Principal Cadets. 

304. Scots in Sweden. — Mr, Horace Marryat's One Year in Sweden^ 
London, John Murray, 1862, is a chatty book. The author's acquaintance 
with genealogy is apparently superficial — but he notes the presence of 
Scotsmen in Sweden, and gives some facts which may prove interesting, 
and which may be of use to the genealogist. They require annotating, 
and this work perhaps our readers will assist us in. On page 415 
(vol. i.) will be found an account of a quarrel that took place in 1574 
between the German and Scottish subsidiaries. The following names 
are mentioned — James Stuart, William Hart, John Hume, Captain 
Gilbert Balfour and Michael, Colonel Archibald Ruthven, Caj)tain 
Lawder ; Andrew Keith is mentioned, and the fact that he came from 
Scotland in 1570. He was in 15^3 styled Knight of Fitzholm, Baron of 
Dingewall ; he died childless in 1597. There was also another Andrew 
Keith who came from Scotland in 1606, then au:ed 19, with his wife C. 
Stuart. Some of the family were at Polevan in Pomerania in 1701. On 
page 418 mention is made of Jacob Neafoe, Baron of Methie in Scotland, 
' probably of the family of Nevoy or Neway, who possessed property in 
Methie- Lome ^ early in the 17th century.' This Jacob Neff had in his 

^ I do not find such a place as Methie- Lome. — Ed. 

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76 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

service, as Master of the Horse, John Strange, born at Stirling. He 
returned to Scotland with two sons, Albert and Hercules. 

Mr. Marryat gives an appendix to the 2d volume on Scotch Nobles ; it is 
well worth perusing. We have, however, only space for a summary. 
Some of the names have probably been assumed. It is unfortunate that 
the Scottish originals have not been recorded more distinctly. 

Adelskold, ennobled 1773. — Descended from Anders a Scotsman, 

attainted in the 16th century. 

Adlerstam, en. 1767. — Des. from Valtin Lulle, arrived in 1649. 

Adlerstolpe, en. 1727. — See Barony Donat, Feif. 

Anckarcreutz, en. 1686. — Des. from John Brand, Officer in the English 
Navy, entered Swedish Service 1669. 

Anckarsparre, en. 1802. — Family of Tingwall, settled in Wermland about 

Anderson, en. 1668. — Alexander Anderson, proved good descent His 
mother was a Sinclair of Maurtell. 

Armlod, en. 1649. — John Pott in Hugo Hamilton's Regiment. 

Barclaij, en. 1648. — William Barclay son of the Laird of Sigot (?), born 
1603, volunteer in Sweden. 

Belfrage, en. 1666. — John Belfrage, son of the Laird of Balram (?), and 
Elizabeth Stuart, Merchant in Wenensburg, 1624. He procured 
from Scotland a parchment attesting his sixteen quarterings. 

Bennet, James, son of William Bennet of Grubet (1600), ennobled 1675. 
See Scottish Antiquary, iii. 59. 

Bethun, en. 1693. — Hercules Bethune of Balfour, in the service of 
Charles i. of England, afterwards entered Swedish Service. 

Bogg, en. 1652. — James Bogg, proving his illustrious parentage, was en- 
nobled instanter. 

Bf)ij, en. 1676. — Anders, son of Henry Boy, Commander of a Scottish 
Fortress, and Elizabeth Nisbet, Burgomaster of Stockholm, 1663. 

Blinenstjerna, en. 1693. — Thomas Anderson, a Scotch Merchant in Stock- 
holm, died 1672. 

Bordon, en. 1643. — John Bordon of Foddel. 

Bruce, en. 1668. — Robert and Andrew Bruce of the House of Clack- 
mannan. Andrew left four-and-twenty children ; Robert three. 

Canonhjelra, en, 1689. — Walter Cahun (? Calquhoun). 

Cedersparre, en. 17 16. — Arvid (Arthur) Young, in Swedish Navy till 1659. 

Chapman, en. 1772. — Thomas Chapman, son of a Yorkshire Farmer. 

Clerck, William, son of Andrew Clerck, Co. Caithness, came to Sweden, 
1607, ennobled. 

Cletzer, en. 1672. — Thomas Cletcher, an Englishman. 

Crafoord, en. 1668. — Alexander Crafoord of Anachie, came to Sweden 

Cuninghame, en. 1747. — Thomas Cuninghame of Creall, drowned at 
Stockholm 1697. 

Darellien, en. 1770. — Andrew Darell, a naturalised Englishman. A 
Physician at Stockholm, 

De Bruce, en. 1752. — Same as Bruce. 

Douglas, William, fourth in descent from James, ist Earl of Morton, en- 

Dougleis, en. 1669. — John Dougleis came from Roe in Scotland, in 1605. 

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Dromund, en. 1649. — David Drummond, born 1593, Governor of Stettin^ 

James Dromund, Colonel, 1638. 
Duse, en. 1576. — Peter d'Ewes (?), his son Bengt., ennobled. 
Duwall, en. — Albert Macdougal of Mackerston, bom 1541, came to 

Sweden, died 1641, leaving nine sons. Ennobled. 
Edenberg, en. 1654. — Claus, son of Mathevv Eden, a Brewer. 
Ehrensparre, en. 1719. — See Feif. 

Erskein, en. 1652,— Alexander Erskein, of an illustrious Scottish race. 
Feif, en. 1707. — Alexander Feif, a Merchant from Montrose, came to 

Sweden 1628. 
Fersen, The Count Fersen, said to be descended from Macpherson. No 

descent given. 
Finlaij, en. 1755. — John Finlay, a Scottish Banker in Dublin, was father 

of Robert, who came to Sweden. 
Fleetwood, George, son of Sir Miles Fleetwood of Lancashire, born at 

Oldwinkle 1603, took service in Sweden. ^,B, — His mother was a 

daughter of Count Gyllenbroke. 
Flintsten, en. 1695. — Neils, grandson of Neils Flint of Wales, Colonel in 

Russia, was in the Swedish Army. 
Forbus, Jacobus Forbes, a Scottish Calvinist Divine, visited Upsala early 

in the reign of Charles ix. 
About the same time Ernald Forbes came to Sweden, his son 

Arvid (Arthur) entered Swedish service 1598, was ennobled. 
Foratt, en. 1650.— Alexander Forth (? Forrest), Captain in Swedish 

Frankelin, en. 1625. — Rowland Franklin, an Englishman, came to Swedem 
Fraser, en. 1663. — Andrew Fraser (died 1658) was son of Thomas Eraser, 

a youth of noble birth, who came to Sweden with Count Speirs. 
Gahn of Colquhoun, en. 1809. — .&^ Canon hielm. 
Gairdner, en. 1650. — Robert Gairdner of Lyes. 
Gladsten, en. 1647. — Herbert, descended from Thomas Gladstone of 

Dumfries. Came to Sweden 1647. 
Gyldenborj, en. 1688. — See Boij. 
Gyllenschruff, en. 17 17. — James Screw, a Scotchman. 
Gyllenskepp, en. 1676. — John Thomson.; his nationality is not given. 

{To be continued,) 

305. Some further notes on the Stewarts of Rosyth (see vol. v. 
p. I, etc.). — P. 3. Sir William Lindsay of Rossie was half-brother of David, 
first Earl of Crawford. His son, John Lindsay of Crambeth, sold Wester 
Cleish to Sir David Stewart of Rosyth (see p. 4). His descendant in 
the 6th degree, James Lindsay of Dowhill ( = Dovehill), Co. Kinross, was 
father of Margaret Lindsay, who married Henry Stewart of Rosyth (see p, 5). 

P. 3 (footnote 3). The date of the battle of Shrewsbury is erroneously 
printed in Wood's Douglas as 1409 ; it was fought in July 1403. 

P. 4. Jonet Fenton, wife of Robert Stewart, was one of the daughters 
and co-heirs of Walter Fenton of Baky or Baikie (not Buckie), co. Forfar. 
There are indications that she was first married to Sir James Douglas of 
Railston, whose forfeiture is referred to in charters of 1459, 1496, 1498, 
and 1 5 10. William Haket or Halket, her last husband, was second son 
of David Halket of Pitfirran ; and to him (as * familiari scutifero suo ') 
and to his wife Jonet, James iii. granted Kinclevin for life, by charter in 

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1468 *in recompensatione pro qiiartd parte Baroniae de Bewfort quam 
dicta Joneta cum consensu dicti Willielmi, regi concessit.' They are 
mentioned (as deceased) in the patent of the Dukedom of Montrose, 
dated 19th September 1489. (See Lives of the Lindsays^ i. 458.) 

P. 4. Sir David Stewart's charter of Easter Kennet was dated in 1458 
(not 1450). 

P. 5 (footnote 2). Sir Lewis Stewart of Kirkhall had a sister, 
Margaret, who married John Dick, as mentioned on page 7. 

P. 5 (footnote 9). For *4 John Lindsay of Byres Proavi* read *4 
John Lord Lindsay of Byres aiave,* This correction makes it easy to 
explain the relationships as follows : — 

John Lindsay, xst Lord Lindsay of the Byres, d. 1479 (aiavus). 

David, 3d Lord Lind- John, 3d Lord Lind- George Lindsay (/r^ Patrick, 4Ch Lord Lind- 
say of the Byres, say of the Byres, </. atfiw) of Erbottle and say of ihe Byri^s. 
d.s./. 1492. Ci'rc. 1496, leaving Bams, married I 
{/rater promfi.) two daughters. daughter of Inslis ▼ 
(Jrattr proavi.) of larvit, and had a 

Marjory Lindsay (aria), 'married to 
Andrew Stewart of Beath a son of 
the House of Rosyth ' (Wood's 
D0uglas^ i. 383). [I am inclined to 
suspect that the Stewarts of Beath 
were not directly connected with 
the Stewarts of Rosyth.] 

P. 6. Alexander, third son of James Stewart of Rosyth, seems to be 
referred to in the first of the following Clackmannanshire retours : — 

No. 36. — ist Jany, 1669, * Jacobus Stewart haeres Alexandri 

Stewart Patris in quarti parte de Sheardill/ etc 
No. 51. — 8th Dec. 1682, 'Gulielmus Stewart de Rosyth haeres 
Jacobi Stewart consanguine! germani ex parte Patris in 
quarti parte de Sheardill,' etc. 

P. 6. Duncan Stewart's account of the tragedy of Dunaverty differs 
from that generally accepted. I believe the garrison numbered about 300, 
and not 900. I find no other reference to Stewart's life being saved. 
Sir James Turner (Leslie's Adjutant-General) says : * They were put to the 
sword every mother's son, except one, Maccoul, whose life I begged.' 
[James Stewart of Ardvorlich had deserted from Montrose's army after 
he murdered Lord Kilpont on the 4th September 1644, ^^d had joined 
Argyle and Leslie], 

P. 7 (footnote i). If Duncan Stewart's suggestion that Cragyhall 
came from Sir Alan of Ughiltrie be accepted, Cragy hall's position would 
apparently be senior (not junior) to Rosyth, but still far below that which 
Mr. M*Kerlie would assign to it. Duncan Stewart's suggestion receives 
some confirmation from the fact mentioned in a charter of Robert, Duke 
of Albany (1406) that Sir John Stewart of Cragyhall had an annual rent 
chargeable upon Ughltrie. Dumany = Dalmeny. 

P. 7 (footnote 2). Margaret Monfode married, secondly, Alexander 
Cockbum, and it was to her son William Cockburn that the charter of 
Scralyne was given in 1387. Her daughter Margaret, Domina de Craigie, 
married, secondly, Sir Herbert Maxwell of Caerlaverock. Sir John Stewart 
of Craigie Hall had by Margaret Craigie a daughter Anna, who married 
William Currour, and had a gift from her mother (then wife of Sir Herbert 

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Maxwell) of Ardlory, co. Kinross, confirmed by charter of Robert, Duke 
of Albany, Gubernator Scotiae, dated 5 th October 1407, 

P. 8 (footnote 6). For * 11 January 1690' read * 11 January 1600.' 
^istjune 1890. 2. 

306. Selkirk Motto — a Discovery.^ — Selkirk^ July Z^ 1890. — Sir,— 
On a scroll above the town's arms, in a tattered old Selkirk flag, the follow- 
ing Latin line is decipherable : — 

' £t spreta incolumem vita defendere famam.' 

Being an obvious hexameter, and presumably taken from a poem, its 
authorship has for years been a matter of much curiosity. A very eminent 
classicist — in Selkirk hand ignotus — having given it up himself, appealed 
to learned Latinists in Oxford and elsewhere, who had likewise to confess 
ignorance. A question in Notes and Queries was equally futile. 

But its origin has now been discovered. It is froni George Buchanan's 
Kpithalamium on the marriage of Queen Mary and the Dauphin of France, 
In that poem there is an ardent eulogium of the Scottish nation, from 
which the line is taken. The fact that it was written only forty-five years 
after Flodden makes the motto doubly happy for a town with the traditions 
of Selkirk. 

The merit of the interesting discovery belongs, it is due to say, to Lord 
Napier and Ettrick. In the last century Buchanan's poems were used as 
a text-book in the high schools and colleges of Scotland ; but the failure 
of our best scholars to spot the line in question is only too good proof that 
his elegant hexameters are now neglected. — I am, etc., T. C. B, 

307. The West Linton Sculptured Stone {abridged from the Evening 
Dispatch). — Two hundred and fifty years ago one of the leading spirits in 
this village was James Gifford, portioner, a distinguished sculptor, who 
has left behind him many proofs of his skill, several of which remain to 
this day. Notable among these is an artistically carved stone in three 
divisions, one of which is broken up into four panels, containing quaintly- 
carved male and female figures, with trees, birds, and fruit, that had once 
formed a mantelpiece ornament in one of the houses of which he was 

It may be worthy of notice that Gifford's name is referred to in many 
of the old title-deeds in the village, while it is also understood he was one 
of the small band who were present at the battle of RuUion Green, his 
name appearing also on the Harbour Craig Rock (where the Covenanters 
were wont to meet) with the date i666. 

At the top of the left-hand fourfold panel are the words, * The first 
man is J. G., brother, James G., Thomas G., Sheriff hall, 1440.' In the 
centre is an inscription running: *Six Progenetors of James Gifford, his 
awne Portraite, and eldest Sone ; ' and at the bottom : * Wrought by me, 
James Gifford, architector, ye 7 May 1660.' The centre panel, with large 
full-figure portraits of the artist and his wife, is surmounted by the words : 
* James Gifford and Euphema Veatch.' The right-hand panel is occupied 
with figures similar to those already described. The house into which 
the stone is built is the property of Mrs. Alexander, widow of the late 

' The above ii» taken from the 5(r^/x/^/aff. See also note 292, page 53. — Ed, 

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Archibald Alexander, senior. The stone was discovered recently in an 
inside wall of th^ house into which it has been rebuilt. The figures 
used in the ornamentation are exactly similar to those that appear on the 
stone in Spittahaugh lobby, the possession of Sir James R. Fergusson, and 
on * The Lady Gifford Well/ whereon stands the statue of the wife of 
James GitFord, around which at one time stood four children, while a 
fifth was placed on the head of the figure. These have long ago dis- 
appeared, but the statue of the lady is carefully preserved. It is some- 
what remarkable that, after all the care taken by James Gifford to per- 
petuate his name, no trace of any stone to his memory in the churchyard 
is to be found. Doubtless such a thing at one time existed, but amid the 
vandalism of last century it disappeared, as did those to the memory of 
Elliot, of Gilchrist, and the other ministers of the parish. 

308. Margaret^ Countess of Crawford (voL iii. p. io8; voL v. 

P- 25). 

Referring to my note of 7th May 1890 (page 25), I came to the con- 
clusion that Margaret, Countess of Crawford, mentioned in the Acta Domi- 
norum Auditorum as wife of Sir William Wallace of Craigie in 1478, was 
the daughter of Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, widow of third Earl of Crawford, 
and not the daughter of Sir David Dunbar of Auchtermonzie, widow ot 
fourth Earl, because I found (i) that the daughter of Alex. Ogilvy is 
named Margaret in Wood's Douglas' Peerage^ i. 377 ; and (2) that the 
daughter of Sir David Dunbar is named Mariota in the same work, ii. 172, 
and Elizabeth in the Lives of the Lindsays^ i. 144. 

Mr. W. A. Lindsay has made me aware that the Ogilvy countess was 
certainly named Margeria, and that it is (almost) chronologically impossible 
that she could have remarried Sir William Wallace. I am also ready to 
admit that the name Elizabeth, as applied to the Dunbar Countess in 
the Lives of the Lindsays ^ is probably a misprint 

It is therefore right that the entry which implies that Margaret Ogilvy 
was Countess of Crawford, and remarried Sir William Wallace, should be 
withdrawn and cancelled. 

I take the opportunity of suggesting that it would be highly desirable 
to have a treatise on the origin, and use in Scotland, of the following four 
groups of Christian names of women, showing how far they are distinct 
{i.e. borne by two sisters in the same family), and how far they are identical 
and liable to be interchanged at discretion or by inadvertence. 

1. Mary, Maria, Marian, Marion, Marioun, Mariota, Mariot, 

Margeria, Margery, Marjoria, Marjory, Margaret, Margareta, 

2. Elyne, Ellen, Helen, Helena, Helenor, Helenora, Eleanor, 

Eleanora, Alianore. 

3. Eliza, EHzabeth, Isabel, Isobel, Isabella, Elspeth. 

4. Jane, Jana, Janeta, Janet, Joneta, Jonet, Jean, Jeanna, Joan, 

Joanna, Johanna. w. 

2.\stfun€ 1890. 

309. Notes from Dunblane Session Records, from 1659 to 1715. 
In the year 1659, in their reforming zeal, the Session of Dunblane pro- 
hibited the holding of * mercats ' in the churchyard. The edict of pro- 
hibition bears date 5th May 1659, and reads s& follows: *This day it 

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is enacted be the Session that no mercat either at Whitsunday, Lawemice, 
or Halloaday, be any more keepit in ye kirkyeard of Dunblaihe, and ye 
kirkyeard to be built with all expedition.' 

These 'mercats' or fairs continued to be institutions in the streets 
of Dunblane up till seventy years ago. People are still living who 
remember them. There were latterly, at least, four fairs held every year, 
of which the principal one was held on the loth of August, and was called 
the ' Grozet Fair.' At these fairs the cattle-market was always in a bowl- 
shaped piece of ground called the which was situated at the 
top of the Braeport; peripatetic vendors of soft goods, and 'sweetie' 
stands occupied the Cross ; shoemakers, who came from all parts of the 
country, had a station allotted to them at the foot of Kirk Street ; the 
salters stationed themselves below the site of the present jail ; and horses 
were bought and sold in what is now called the New Road. 

In addition to the building of the churchyard dykes, the Session find 
it necessary to order certain repairs on the church. For some years 
preceding 1667, ' Dnk. Edward kept the glasen windowes of the kirk of 
Dunblane winde and water-tight ' for * the sowme of twenty merks Scotis 
per annum.' In 1670 * sixtene boUes of lime' are ordered to be procured 
for repairing the church, which lime the inhabitants of the four quarters 
of the parish are to cart to the church. In 1673 ^^ treasurer is 
* ordained to cause repair the breach in the back of ye kirk.' In 1693 
two windows are ordered to be made on the south side of the church 
under the following edict: 'September 25, 1693. In regard ye kirk is 
very dark in ye winter tyme, the Session appoynts two windowes to be 
strucken out in ye south syde of ye kirk, one on each syde of ye pulpit 
that ye people may the better see to read.' 

But these windows do not seem to have made things very much better, 
for on October 30, 1749, the elders come to a resolution regarding them : — 
• The Session, considering that the windows on each side of the pulpit 
are now failing, and, besides, being put in with lead and having wire frames 
on the outside, give little light, especially in the winter time, do unani- 
mously agree to have the same sashd, and appoint Alex. White, wright, 
one of their number, to excute this as soon as possible.' 

In 17 10 it was found that the collecting elders who stood at the east 
door of the church suffered much in the winter-time from the inclemency 
of the weather, and to remedy the inconvenience, and to obviate the risk to 
which they were exposed, the Session ordered a porch to be built. 

2 2d November 1710. They appoint their thesaurer to cause build a 
porch over the east door of the church for the elders' accommodation, 
who collect for the poor.' 

This porch, in course of time, must have become useless, or an eyesore 
from decay, if it had not been knocked down in the troublous times of 
the '15 or '45, for, in 1747, Alex. White, wright, in Dunblane, 'gave in 
his accompt for erecting a new porch at the east church door, amounting 
in all, for materials and workmanship, to Z^£y 17 sh. 6d. Scots.' Six 
years after the erection of this new porch, the Session concluded to have 
' a shade built at the west great door of the church for ye collectors to 
screen them in winter.' 

The school of Dunblane in the chapter-house of the cathedral is, in 
1693, provided with glass in the windows, for the reason that 'the 
children could not sit yrin for cold.' For glassing the schoolhouse and 


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82 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the 2 new windows in the south side of the kirk,' John Don, glasser, is 
paid 26 lib. 2 sh. Scots, on the 28th day of November. 

Among other improvements which were carried out about this time, in 
and about the church, may be mentioned ' the taking down and building 
up again ye gate at the kirk style;' the putting up of * a dask for the 
schoolmaster ' in the school ; the providing of a bar for the church door ; 

* a lock and a key to ye great door of the kirk, and a snek to ye little 
door ' ; a lock and a key to the latron ; the obtaining ' a skin to buff the 
pulpit,' which cost 8 shillings Scots; the repair of the east and west 
lofts in 1698, which was to be paid out of some expected vacant stipend; 
and locks to the doors of the elders' seats. 

Not only do the elders show anxiety to improve the fabric and 
appearance of the church, they also show a laudable desire to have 
reforms in church affairs generally. Between the years 1693 and 1702, 
they ordained that 'one of the elders shall gather the collection at 
marriages, and that W"- Wright, ye kirk officer, is to meddle w' it no 
more ' ; that * the bell shall be rung att six of ye clock on ye Sabbath 
morning to wake and raise ye people.' On February 24, 1695, ^^^7 
ordain that two beadles shall be appointed instead of one, so reverting to 
the ancient order of things; that the poor people who are to receive 
money shall come before the Session and be exhorted to be religious ; 
that ' each person standing on ye pillory shall pay to the beddal 8 sh. 
Scots.' In 1697 they request Lord Aberuchill to bring before *the Lords 
of the Commissione for the Plantation of kirks, the condition of the 
minister's stipend and schoolmaster's salary.' In 1698 it is ordained 
that * parties who give up their names to be proclaimed for marriage compeir 
before the Session, and y' in the min'* absence they come with two 
elders to the clerk of the Session, that their relatione and consent 
of parents may be enquired into,' and in 1700 it is further enacted that 

* no pauns for dolory ' will be taken from those who are to be proclaimed 
in order to marriage or for the mort cloth.' Sabbath burials are to be 
abstained from as much as possible, especially by people in the landward 
part of the parish, * because much of the time of divine service is past 
before they come to the churchyard. The Session decide that *tryall ' is to 
be made * for a sure hand to borrow the poors' money.' And in 1702, 
May 5th, 'the thesaurer reports that he had caused make a tent as he 
was appointed, the materials and workmanship yrof comes to ten pound, 
10 sh. 4 pennies.' And on Nov. 23d, 1701, there is found a new work for 
the kirk officer. It is recorded that ' This day the Session considering 
y* the birds and young boys do make trouble and disturbance in the 
church, especially in the lofts even in time of worship, they appoint y' 
thesaurer to cause make a whipe with a long handle having several rings, 
quch yr officer is to make use of in deterring and restraining the forsaid 
birds and boys from making any such disturbance in time coming.' On 
Feb. I, 1702, the * whipe' is reported as having been made and placed in 
the hands of the officer. 

The expenses at burials are noted and arranged so far as the Session 
have power in the matter. In 1697 it is ordained that 'whoever has the 
bell rung at y' burial they pay 2 sh. sterling for the use of the poor.' The 
price of coffins for the poor is set down at ;^2, 8s. Scots each coffin. 
On June 5, the beadle's dues at burials are fixed as follows : ' This day 
the Session, taking into consideration their beddal's dues for making a 
grave to a person at man's length, ringing the hand-bell, and carrying 

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out the spookes, doe appoint him eighteen shillings Scots money, and for 
making a grave to such person for whom he rings not the said hand-bell 
fourteen shillings, and for making a grave to a child seven shillings Scots.' 

Incidentally the prices of various articles bought by the Session, etc., 
are set down among the items of expenditure. 

In 1693 A Psalm-book cost five shillings, three Catechisms one 
shilling and sixpence, and a Bible for a boy one pound eight shillings 
Scots money. In 1694 a girl's quarter payment for her schooling was 6s. 
3d. Scots ; a bar to the church door cost 6s. 8d. ; a New Testament cost 
I OS. 6d. ; and the quarter payment for schooling in another case 
amounted to 12s. Scots. A skin to buflf the pulpit cost 8s., hnen cloths 
to the Communion tables ten pennies; knitting to the same, seven 
shillings. Two purses for the use of the Session cost six shillings ; two 
silver cups, each weighing 18 ounces, for the Communion, 144 pounds 
Scots ; two flagons each containing three chopins or yrby eleven pounds 
two shillings ; the carrier's charge for carrying in the money, the cups, and 
flagons, and bringing them from Edinburgh, came to half a crown. The 
keeper of the town clock, in 1702, received for his trouble two pounds five 
shillings, and a watcher of the tent for two nights' work was paid twelve 
shillings. In 1703 a candle to the Presbytery cost the Session three 
shillings and fourpence ; two dozen Bibles for the use of the poor, with 
carriage from Glasgow, is ^27, is. 6d. ; the Presbytery Bursar receives 
four pounds Scots yearly. 

With the year 1715, February ist, the second volume of the Session 
Records of Dunblane closes, and the third volume does not begin till 
1746; there are thus 30 years' occurrences omitted altogether. There 
is certainly a book of Debursements which extends over most of these 
years, but no detailed record of the work of the Session exista I 
examined the book of Debursements to see if by chance there was any 
reference to the Battle of Sheriffmuir, but found no reference whatever. The 
amounts of the church collections about the date of the battle were not 
entered, and I concluded that the church had been shut for a short period. 
There are a few references to the Rebellion of the '45 in the third 
volume of Session Records. One of the collecting plates had been stolen 
in the confusion occasioned by the rebels, and another is obtained, the 
cost not being stated. Robert Kelly, who held land owned by the 
Session, gets a pound of his rent discounted for loss occasioned by the 
rebels, his rent being twenty-one pounds Scots. And on Sabbath, June 
15th, 1746, it is noted that Hhe Min' read from the pulpit with suitable 
exortations the late General Assembly's Act for observing a day of Thanks- 
giving on Thursday next, for our remarkably great and gracious deliverance 
from that wicked and unnatural Rebellion by the success it has pleased 
Almighty God to grant to His Majesty's arms in the north under the conduct 
of His Royal Highness, the Duke of Cumberland.' 

J. G. Christie, B.D. 

310. Notes on the Family of Denham or Denholme of West- 
shields. — I. Sir George Mackenzie gives the coat of 'Denham of Ould' 
as a stag's head caboshed below a shield couch^, charged with three 
fasils conjoined in bend (see Seton's Scottish Heraldry^ p. 277). The 
modem arms are understood to be ^ gules a chevron between 3 cranes 
^r.' The name (Denom, Denum, or Denun) is derived from Denholm 

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84 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

(anciently Denun) in the Barony of Cavers and County of Roxburgh. 
It has no connection with the Denunes of Catboll whose pedigree is given 
in Sir Robert Douglas' Baronage of Scotland^ page 456. The name is 
frequently met with in the Rotuli Scotia from 1296 to 1357. John de 
Denum was custos of Berwick-on-Tweed^ in 1334, and William de Denum 
was Chief-Justice there in 1333. Thomas Cranstoun had a charter of 
Denun from Robert 11. on the i8th January 1381. 

2. Symon Dennum was, on i6th June 1506, served heir of John 
Leddaill, his grandfather, in the lands of Westschiell in the Barony of 
Carnwath, County Lanark. 

3. Margaret, second daughter of James Denham, laird of Westshiels, 
married, 1533, Rev. Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dunlop, ancestor of the 
Earls of Clanbrassil. The inscription on their tomb is given in * Cald- 
well Papers,' i. 24. They had six sons, and one daughter married to 
William Mure of Glanderston. 

4. * Marion Denholm,' married, circa 1650, Robert Hamilton, who be- 
came a Judge of Session, ist November 1689, as Lord Presmennan. Her 
eldest son was born 6th July 1656 (D. P. i. 203). 

5. * Catherine, daughter of Denholm of Westshiels,' married, circa 1680, 
James Hamilton, second son of aforesaid Lord Presmennan, who also be- 
came a Judge of Session in 1 7 1 2 under the title of Lord Pencaitland. 

6. Robert Denham of Westshield was a member of the War Com- 
mittee for Lanarkshire 1646- 1649. 

7. Robert Denham of Westshiel married (first) Janet, eldest daughter 
of James Steuart, eighth of Allanton. She died soon after marriage, and 
he married (secondly) Marion Carmichael, sister of the first Lord Car- 
michael, and widow of James Steuart, younger of Allanton, his first wife's 
brother, who died 1607, leaving issue. 

8. * James Denham of Westshield ' married his first cousin Marion, 
daughter of last-named James Steuart, the younger of Allanton. Marion 
had a brother. Sir James Steuart of Coltness, whose son Sir Thomas will 
be presently referred to. 

9. * Agnes, third daughter of John Denholme of Westshields,* married 
James Graham of Poltoun, and was mother of James Graham of Airth, 
born 8th December 1676. This John Denholme was brother of Catherine 
Denholm mentioned in note 5, supra. 

10. Catherine, * sixth daughter of John Denholme of Muirhouse and 
Shiels,' married, circa 1680-90, Robert Wellwood, first of Garvock, ancestor 
of Robert William Pigott Clarke Preston of Valleyfield and of Lord Mon- 
creiff of TuUiebole. 

11. Cecill or Cecilia, another daughter of same, married Sir James 
Elphinstone of Logie, County Aberdeen, who was made a W.S. in 167 1, 
a Baronet in 1701, and died 1722. His son. Sir John Elphinstone, the 
second Baronet, married Mary, daughter of Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto, 
and died 1732. His son. Sir James Elphinstone, third (and last) Baronet, 
married Jean, second daughter of Thomas Rattray, who remarried Colonel 
George Mure, a brother of Mure of Caldwell. He died, 1739, leaving 
a daughter and heir, who married, July 1754, Robert Dalrymple Home 
(son of Hew Dalrymple of Drumore, by Ann Home, heiress of Westhall, 
County Aberdeen). 

12. William Denholm of Westshields was one of those against whom 
a sentence of forfeiture was passed in 1685, Acta ParL Scot, viii. 490). It 

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or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 85 

was rescinded in 1690, and he was elected M.P. for the County of Lanark 
in that year, and took his oaths and his seat on the 3d September. He 
seems to have sat continuously for Lanarkshire till 1702, and to have held 
the office of Mint-master. He married (first) Elizabeth, third daughter of 
Sir John Henderson, Knight of Fordeli (D.B. 520).^ He married (secondly) 
Anne, second daughter of Sir Alexander Maxwell of Saughton Hall, who 
was son of Sir James Maxwell of Calderwood by his third marriage (8th 
September 1610) with Lady Margaret Cunninghame (D. B. 55, where 
he is termed Sir William Denholm of Westshiels). He married (thirdly) 
Hon. Catherine Erskine, eldest daughter of Henry, third Lord Cardross 
(D. P. i. 276, where he is styled 'Sir William Denholm of Westshields, 
Bart.* This is the earliest instance of the title of Baronet being attributed 
to the Westshields family. There is no mention of the creation of any 
such title in Milne's List of Nova Scotia Baronets, in Burke's Extinct 
Baronetage^ or in Solly's Titles of Honour), Sir William made a settlement 
of his estates in 171 1, and died 17 12, s,p,^ 

13. The estate then devolved under Sir William's settlement on Robert 
Baillie, who possessed it under the title of Sir Robert Denham, and was 
succeeded by his son, Alexander Baillie or Denham, against whom Archi- 
bald Steuart, mentioned below, brought, as next substitute in the entail of 
17 1 1, an action in 17 19, and again in 1737, ultimately decided on appeal in 
the House of Lords in 1742. The question whether Sir Robert Baillie or 
Denham, and his son Alexander, had incurred an irritancy or not, was 
complicated by other side issues, and the litigation is tedious and rather 
unintelligible (see Baton's Appeals^ i. pp. 113, 316). 

14. Susan, daughter of Robert Denham or Denholm of Westshields, 
married (first) William Lockhart of Wicketshaw or Wygateshaw, and 
(secondly), 1677, as second wife of Sir Thomas Steuart, second Baronet 
of Coltness, previously referred to. She seems to have had issue by 
her first husband, for it is said (Burke's Landed Gentry^ Sixth Edition, 
p. 980) that the line of Lockhart of Wicketshaw failed in 1776 *at the 
death of Sir William Lockhart Denham, Bart., of Westshiel.' By her 
second husband she had a son, Archibald Steuart, who brought the actions 
of 1 7 19 and 1737 mentioned in note 13. He succeeded, circa 1 750-1760, 
his nephew, Sir John Steuart, LL.D., and Professor of Natural Philosophy 
in the University of Edinburgh, who was the sixth Baronet of Coltness. 
He thus became the seventh Baronet of Coltness, but assumed the name 
of Denham *on succeeding to the estate of Westshields in right of his 
mother.' His death at Westshields House, on 12th June 1773, is recorded 
in the Scots Magazine^ under the designation of Sir Archibald Denham, 
Bart. He was succeeded in the Baronetcy by his first cousin once re- 
moved. Sir James Steuart, second Baronet of Goodtrees, who became 
eighth Baronet of Coltness, acquired Westshields in 1776, and adopted 
the name of Denholm in addition to Steuart. He died 1780, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, General Sir James Steuart, the ninth and last Baronet 
of Coltness, who also adopted the name of Denholm, and died j./. 1839. 

15. After Sir Archibald's death, in 1773, as above mentioned, West- 

* Mr. Foster, in his Peerage (1880, p. 454), says that Anne, daughter of Sir John 
Henderson, Baronet of Fordel, married, first, Hon. Archibald Stuart of Duneam ; 
secondly, Captain William Denham. This marriage is not mentioned in Douglas, 

' Lady Denham married secondly, 4th April 17 14, as second wife of Daniel Camp- 
bell of Shawiield, and had one daughter, Katherine Campbell, Mrs. Gordon. 

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86 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

shields was inherited by his half-brother, William Lockhart, whose death 
at Westshields House, on the 23d June 1776, is recorded in the Scots 
Magazine^ under the designation of * Sir William Denholme, Baronet,' an 
assumption for which I can find no authority. At or after his death 
Westshields passed, apparently by purchase, to his half-brother's cousin 
and successor, Sir James Steuart, as mentioned above. 

16. The following notices of the name may be recorded : — 

(i.) Robert Dennum (son of John Dennum in Arkingall, East Lothian) 

was, on 6th March 1597, served tutor-at-law to James Bog, son 

and heir of John Bog in Innerwick. 
(2.) Thomas Denholme, in Glencorss, was on a jury of assize at Dum- 
fries 3d June 1684. 
(3.) Sybella, wife of George Ross, Isabella, wife of Andrew Oswald, 

and Margaret Ann, were, on 23d December 1626, served heirs- 

portioners of Andrew Denholm, their father. 
(4.) John Dfenholrae, Merchant, Burgess of Edinburgh, was, on i6th. 

April 1644, appointed Commissary for the forces employed in the 

North. An Act in his favour was passed in 1649. 
(5.)^ Samuel Denholme, merchant, was, on 28th July 1664, served heir 

of John Denholme, merchant. Burgess of Edinburgh, his brother. 
(6.) Griseld Denholme, wife of William Thomson, in Edmonstone, 

was, on i6th May 1667, served heir to Robert Logan, in Henschel- 

wood, in Carnwath, her uncle. 
(7.) James Denholme was, on 5th June 1680, served heir to John 

Denholme, his brother. 
(8.) John Denholme was, on 7th May 1687, served heir to William 

Denholme, in Easletown, his father. 
(9.) Agnes Denholme is named in the Ratification of 1681, to Sir 

William Sharp, of Stonyhill, as owning land near Musselburgh 

(Acta Pari, Scot, viii 270). 
(10.) David Denholme, writer in Edinburgh, is mentioned in the Acta 

of 1702 (xi. 96). 
(11.) Died at Glasgow, 20th March 18 18, W. James Denholm, of the 

Glasgow Academy, author of the History of Glasgow^ etc. 

(BlackwootTs Magazine^ ii. 120). 
id March 1890. 2. 

311. Etymology of 'Crail.' — In the local guide-books I find the 
etymology of Crail (old spelling Carail) given as caer a fort, and ail a 
comer. I am not aware of aii in Celtic meaning a comer. Is the more 
likely derivation not from caer a fort, and aiil a cliff? Carail therefore 
means 'The fort on the cliff,' surely a most expressive name when we 
think of the site of the old castle of David i. at Crail. 

James Primrose. 

312. William Hamilton of Bangour, the Poet. — An interesting 
account of this fine character is given in the Scottish Journal for 1847 (vol. 
i' P^c S)- The genealogical feature of the article corrects several errors of 
previous writers, but is itself defective, and may be here reproduced with 
additions and amendments. 

Bangour is in the parish of Uphall, Linlithgowshire, and should 
be distinguished from Bangour or Barngor in Ayrshure. It was ac- 
quired by John Hamilton, second son of John Hamilton of Little 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 87 

Earnock, who probably married Marion, daughter of John Hamilton 
of Orbiestoun by Christian Dalzell (Douglas' Baronage, 464). [I say 
•probably,' for it is difficult in the absence of precise dates to 
decide if Elizabeth Dundas, hereafter mentioned, married this John or 
his son. The probability, however, is in favour of the view taken 
above.] He had a daughter, Margaret, third wife of Sir Robert Dalzell 
of Glenae, and who died before 1735, having a daughter, Elizabeth 
Dalzell, who died in 1737 ; and a son, John Hamilton of Bangour, who 
married EHzabeth, second daughter of George Dundas of that Ilk 
(Douglas' Baronage, 175), and had a son, James Hamilton of Bangour, 
Advocate, Commissioner of Supply for Linlithgowshire in 1696, said to 
have * married an heiress of that county.' This must have been Elizabeth, 
daughter of (Henry?) Hamilton of Olivestob, who remarried a second 
wife of Sir Hugh Dalrymple, the Lord President, and died in Edinburgh 
2 1 St March 1742, aged 67 (Wood's Douglas^ Peerage, ii. 525). [She 
does not, however, seem to have been an heiress, as she had two 
brothers. Colonel Thomas Hamilton and Frederick Hamilton, who 
both left issue.] He had an elder son, John, who succeeded him and 
died unmarried* in 1750, and a second son, William, the poet, born 1704, 
escaped to France after CuUoden, and returned to Scotland in 1749, 
succeeded his brother 1750, died at Lyons 25th March 1754. He 
married (first), in 1743, Katherine, daughter of Sir James Hall of 
Douglas, and she died October 1745, leaving an only son. He 'married 
a second time, but the name of the lady is not known.' She was 
Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir William Dalrymple, third Baronet of 
Cousland (by his first marriage). She survived her husband and died 5,p, 
in 1779. His son, James Hamilton of Bangour, married Margaret, 
daughter of David Bruce of Kinnaird by Marion (^. 1706, m, 1726, d. 
1733) daughter of James Graham of Airth, Dean of Faculty and Judge 
of the Court of Admiralty, and sister of James Bruce, the celebrated 
traveller. He had one son and three daughters. Of the daughters the 
only one I can trace is Agnes, who married 3d July 1793, as second 
wife of Colonel John Palmer Chichester, and had four sons and one 
daughter, a good account of whom is given in Foster's Baronetage iox 1882. 
[Her eldest son was created a Baronet in 1840 and died 20th December 
1 85 1.] William Hamilton of Bangour succeeded his father, and married, 
1798, Anne, daughter of Edward Lee of Tramore Lodge, Co. Waterford. 
His only son, James Hamilton of Bangour and Vinewar, bom in 1799, 
married, October 1824, Hon. Mary Maule, third daughter of William, first 
Baron Panmure, and died s,p, 2d March 1851. His widow died as Lady 
Mary Hamilton on the ist September 1864. 

All Scotsmen ought to be proud of William Hamilton and his peotry ; 
and I shall be glad if the above brief sketch directs attention to his char- 
acter and writings. To quote from the article referred to, his poetical genius 
was * improved by a lively imagination, an exquisite delicacy of sentiment, 
an extensive acquaintance with the belles lettres, and a thorough know- 
ledge of the world,' and he was in the best and truest sense of the word 
' a fine gentleman.' 2. 

T^h/ufy 1890. 

^ An article on the poet in the Scottish Nation (ii. 444) says that John Hamilton, 
elder brother of the poet, married Elizabeth Dalrymple. The weight of authority is, 
however, in favour of the presumption that he died unmarried, and that Elizabeth 
Dalrymple married the poet. 

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88 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

313. Arabic Numerals.— A knowledge of the forms of Arabic 
numerals seems essential to any progress in antiquarian studies, and yet 
it is surprising what ignorance prevails on this subject A perusal of 
Peacock's 'History of Arithmetic* in Encyclop, Mctropolitana will well 
reward the student. It may not be out of place to quote the other 
authorities that are given : — Astle on Writings Wallis's Algebra^ Nouveau 
Traitk de Diplomatique^ the Hueiiana^ Pegge's Life of Grostetey Chasles' 
Aper<^ Historique surtOrigine et It DH^eloppement de Mithodes en Geometric 
1837, De Morgan's Penny Cyclopcedia^ Mannert De Numerorum Origine 
(Niirnberg, 1801), Philosophical Transactions ^ Nos. 439 and 4^$, Montucla 
Histoire des MathkmatiqueSy Bailly Histoire de fAstronomie^ Delambre's 
Histoire de tAstronomie du Moyen Age^ Hutton's Tracts^ vol. ii., Huet's 
Demonstratio Evangelica, ArchaologiccU Journal ^ (pp. 75-76, 85), Morant's 
Colchester^ Archceologia, vols. x. xiii., etc W. Cramond. 


314. Glassmaking in Scotland. — The history of glassmaking is to 
be found in the Encyclopcedia Brit, : but there and elsewhere little is 
known of the rise and progress of the manufacture in Scotland. The 
following particulars have been gathered from various sources, and may 
prove of interest :— 

By the year 1610 glass was made in Scotland, but the exact date of its 
introduction is not known, neither is the name of the first glassmaker. 
The works were on the coast of Fife near Wemyss, and it seems probable 
that some natural caves were utilised, for at the present day one of these 
is known as the * glass-house cave.' It contains some interesting pre- 
historic carvings, and is figured in Dr. Stewart's Sculptured Stones of 
Scotland, It appears certain that these works were started after it was 
ascertained that coal could be used in the manufacture of glass, for 
Wemyss was well supplied with coal, but totally deficient in the supply of 
wood sufficient for such work. In 1620 we find firom the 'Domestic 
Papers Series ' that a John Maria dell acqua, a Venetian glassmaker, who 
worked for Sir Robert Mansell, was offered the post of Master of the 
Glass Works in Scotland. He seems to have accepted it, as he is 
stated to have served Mr. Ward, goldsmith, London, Mr. Crawford 
(evidently a Scotsman), and James Orde on a contract ; but he returned 
to London. Orde complains that John Maria dell acqua, and Bernard 
Tamerlayne, evidently a foreigner, had received good wages, but had 
stolen away to England. He wishes them to be tried in Scotland for 
breach of contract. About this time, owing to Sir Robert Mansell's 
influence, there seems to have been a danger of the Scottish glass-works 
collapsing. The glaziers of London petitioned that they may be allowed 
to proceed, as Sir Robert's glass was scarce, bad, and brittle. There was, 
however, a strong party feeling in the matter, for a few months later, in 
162 1, April 4, other glaziers certify that Sir Robert's glass was cheap 
good, and plentiful, and superior to that brought from Scotland. - The 
Bongar family, driven out of Sussex, does not seem to have gone with the 
Henzels, Tyzacks, and Tyttorys to Stourbridge, for Isaac Bongar is accused 
of buying up glass and then selling it at high prices, for which offence he 
got into prison. He is also charged with tampering with the clay used at 
Newcastle, enticing away Sir Robert Mansell's foreign workmen, and 
raising the price of Scotch coal, from which we find that ' carrying coals to 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries, 89 

Newcastle ' was not unknown in days of old. It is very clear that at this 
time Sir Robert Mansell had the sole monopoly of glassmaking in 
£ngland, and the Lorrainers worked as his agents, or * servants,' as the 
term then was. Sir Robert also obtained the monopoly in Scotland. 
The first known patent for glassmaking in Scotland was in 1610, to Lord 
George Hay, for thirty-one years. In 1627 this was transferred to 
Thomas Robinson, a merchant tailor in London, who for ;^25o 
transferred it to Sir Robert. King James wondered *that Robin 
Mansell, being a seaman, whereby he got so much honour, should fall 
from water to tamper with fire, which were two contrary elements.' 
It is very difficult to trace many of our national industries through 
the 17th and i8th centuries. When a handicraft became of acknow- 
ledged importance it was able to shake off the trammels of monopolies 
and patents, at least to a great extent The commonwealth also 
did much to free trade from unwise restrictions. Leith seems to 
have been in later times the headquarters of the business in Scotland, 
but I have not discovered what sort of ware was produced besides window 
glass, which had become a necessary article of trade. Bottles probably 
were made before the commencement of the i8th century. Flint glass, 
or glass for the table — tumblers, decanters, wine glasses^— now commonly 
called crystal, does not seem to have been made in Scotland. An 
attempt to manufacture it at Alloa in the beginning of the present century 

A. W. C. H. 

315. Bourse at Leith, 161 2.— The following is an extract from the 
Register of Council^ vol. ix. p. 393. 

*Wanstead, 17th June 161 2. Grant to Bernard Lindsay of an impost 
to aid him in building and upholding a new " burse " in the " King's 
Work "in Leith. 

* Whereas Bernard Lindsay, one of the grooms of His Majesty's bed- 
chamber, and heritor of that part of the town of Leyth ordinarily called 
the King's Work " doeth intend, for the decoiring of the peir and schore 
of the porte and heavin of Leith (being of the gritest and most frequent 
resorte of foirainaris and strangearis to that kingdome), to build ane fyne 
gallerye adjoining to his dwelling house and lookeing directlie to the 
schore, whiche is to be reased upoun arches and pilleris of friestone, and 
the place underneth the same to be layed with hewne stone, and seatis and 
daskis round above the same, to serve in all tyme heirefter as ane ordinarie 
burse and walk for merchantis, alswell natives as foraynaris, to repair and 
resorte unto as thay pleis at such houris and tymes whiche salbe fitting " 3 
and whereas His Majesty for furthering the said Bernard's good intention, 
and " alswele for a help and supplie to the building of that work as for 
some meanis to uphold and mantene the same" has granted to said 
Bernard and to his heirs in all time coming "ane impost of foure pundis 
Scottis money of every toune of wynis whiche salbe vented and run within 
the compas and precinct of that bound callit the King's Work " ; there is 
order, superscribed by the King, and subscribed by the Chancellor, Sir 
Thomas Hamilton, and Alexander Hay, for letters to that effect under 
the great seal.' 

It would be interesting to know if this work was ever carried out. 


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90 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

316. Tug-Boats. — When the Forth and Clyde Canal was first opened 
it was found that the barges which carried the goods on it were unfitted 
for the navigation of the Forth between Leith where they loaded, and 
Grangemouth where they entered the canal. This was in the year 1817. 
A genius hit on the notion of building a small steamer — then a great 
novelty, and by means of it tugging a string of baiges up the Forth. 
Proud of his invention, he named his vessel The Tug, little dreaming it 
would form the general name for thousands of such vessels, now regarded 
as necessary, not for towing barges merely, but for bringing our stately 
merchantmen into harbour. A. W. C. H. 

317. Extracts from Register of Baptisms, Edinburgh (con- 
tinued from Vol. iv. p. 175) — 

1597. April 27. Jean, daughter of Robert Jameson, minstrel Wiiness, 

Mungo Dickson, drummer. 
„ May 2. Lucretia, daughter of George Littlejohn. Witnesses, 
Zounghar Hans eler, and Joannes Zeringes, minister. 

1598. May 28. Jonas, son of Pasquer Collet, marikin maker. Witnesses, 

Jonas George, marikin maker, Johne Cloggie, cordiner. 
„ June 18. Christian, daughter of Peter d'hunger, litstar. 
„ July 9. Katherine, daughter of Henrie Stallingis, pasement maker. 

Witness, Fredrik Mytchel. 
„ July 23. Edward, son of Mr. Martine Schoneir, doctor in medicine. 

Witnesses, Mr. Edward Bruce, commendator of Cul- 

ross, Gilbert Primros, chirurgeon. 
„ July 23. Sara, daughter of James Primros, written Witness, 

Henrie Primros, in Culross. 
„ Aug. 2. Fredrik, son of Eustachis Roggoh. Witnesses, Fredrik 

Mychell, David Lyndsay of Egall. 
„ Aug. 27. Agnes, daughter of John Home, cramer. 
„ Dec. 8. James, son of John Owene, Glasinwright Witnesses, 

James Workman, painter, James Brown, bukbinder. 

1599. Jan. 7. Samuell, son of Andrew Hart, buikseller. 

„ April 22. William, son of Jaques d'enseir, s 1 man (?). Wit- 
nesses, William d'royter, Ferdinando d'cint, merchants. 

1600. Mar. I. James, son of Henrie Stollins, pasementer. Witnesses, 

Jacques d'busie, surtin man (?), Jacques d'labruge, 

„ April 13. Jean, daughter of Jonas George, marikin maker. Wit- 
ness, Josias Rikkert, croslet maker. 

„ Aug. 17. Margaret, daughter of Patrick Johnstoun, bukebinder. 
Witness, Andr. Arisone, printer. 

„ Oct. 26. Jonat, daughter of Pasqueir Collet, marikin maker. 
Witness, Peter Zeippes, merchant. 

„ Oct. 26. Adrian, son of Adrian Bowdowingiee, knokmaker. 
Witnesses, Adrian Vansonne, painter, Adrian Damman. 

1601. Jan. II. Isabel, daughter of John Rowane, braseman. 

„ Sept. 2. Frederick, son of Adrian Vansone, painter. Witnesses, 
Guiliams Vansone, Peter Ziber. 

„ Oct. 25. Jacob, son of Adrian Bowdowingie, knokmaker. Wit- 
ness, Jacques d'bargane, merchant. 

„ Nov. 15. Violet, daughter of Laurance Schorthove, painter. 

„ Dec. 13. Peter, son of Henrie Stallingre, pasement maker. Wit- 
nesses, Jaque Segaret, Peter Zippie, merchants. 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 91 

CLI. Argyll or Argyle. — Which is the correct spelling, and what are 
the reasons for the difference now so common ? H. 


E. — Which is the co; 
...m^ *<wov..w .x/* difference now so Cx/»«xxav/«< « ^x. 

CLII. Atholl or Atholk — The same question also concerning this 
word. H. 

CLIII. Stanks, Latch, Liggate, Likken-stone, Holy Gate. — i. Will 
any of the readers of the Scottish Antiquary give the names 
of the parishes in Scotland or England where the words 
Stanks or Stankyards occur? Originally the name seemed to 
be given to the fish-ponds attached to old castles. 

2. Are there many instances of places in Scotland called the 
Latch ; so named from being old burial-places ? There are at 
least two such places near Pittenweem. 

3. In Wigtownshire the word liggat means a field-gate. Are 
there any instances in which Liggate is undoubtedly a corruption 
of Lichgate — the corpse gate — entrance to a churchyard ? 

4. Will any one mention the names of parishes where there 
are Likker-stones (corpse-stones) ? 

5. The Kirkgate is a common name in many towns. Are 
there other instances besides the one in Broxburn in which the 
name used is Holygate ? James Primrose. 

CLIV. Dormant Cramond Peerage. — Oliver and Boyd's Almanac for 
1890, page 667, contains the following among Dormant Scottish 
Peerages: 'Cramond, Baron (Richardson) 1628. Baron 
Cramond ; dormant since the death of William, fourth lord, in 


Do any of your readers know anything about this family 
and the title of any work describing the holders of this peerage ? 

E. Y. E. 

CLV. The Earls of Ross. — Will F. N. R. be so good as mention 
his authority for 'Marion, daughter of Sir John James Grant 
of Grant ' who married Walter Ross of Balnagowan (vol. iv. 
page 10). The Grant pedigree in Sir Robert Douglas' Baronage 
makes no mention of the father, or of the daughter, or of the 

We have to thank F. N. R. for several corrections in hitherto 
accepted pedigrees, e.g. Wood's Douglas^ ii. 481, where the first 
Lord Mackenzie of Kintail is said to have married Anne 
(properly Jean) Ross, and Wood's Douglas^ i. 147, where Lady 
Catherine (properly Annabella) Murray is said to have married 
David Ross. 

It may be noted, with reference to what F. N. R. says at 
page 12 about the intrigues for possession of Balnagowan, that 
Mr. John Riddell in his memoir on the family of Ross of Halk- 
head, at page 573 of Robertson's Craufuris Renfrewshire^ states, 

^ The occurrence of a double Christian name in the 15th century is so unexpected that 
am inclined to suspect a misprint. 

Digitized by 


92 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

'In consequence of certain transactions with the Rosses of 
Balnagowan, the heirs-male of the old Earls of Ross, George, 
Lord Ross, early in the 17th century, quartered their arms in the 
2d and 3d coats, and they are thus exhibited in front of the 
house of Hawkhead.' 2. 


XIX. Cruisies. — In the * Mus^e Steen ' at Antwerp are two brass 
cruisies, constructed on the same principle as the Scottish 
specimens. They, however, are circular, in four tiers, with six 
spouts for the wick in each tier. The lowest tier is the largest, 
so that any overflowings from the upper lamps fall into it It 
has a brass tap by means of which the oil can be drawn up. 
They were used to hang from the ceilings of halls, and must 
have given considerable light. A. W. C. H. 

XLII. Jettons. — These are termed Reckenpfenning (reckoning 
pennies) in Germany, Jectomes and Jettons or Gietors in 
France. The latter term is from the French word * to cast,' and 
thus we have * cast up ' in addition. These counters were used 
to assist in reckoning, as the Romans counted by pebbles, 
caUuliy hence the word calculation. The term 'cypher' comes 
from a Greek word signifying the pebbles with which the 
Greeks made their calculations. The Dutch call these counters 
Leggenpenning or Legpenning (lay penny) in allusion to laying 
them on the counter in reckoning. Counter has given the name 
to the shop counter on which these calculations used to be per- 
formed. At first these /<?//^«j were plain pieces of metal, after- 
wards they were cast with designs, inscriptions, and mottoes. 
Nuremberg in Germany was famous for the manufacture and issue 
of them. Some specimens found in 1868 at Skelsmergh Hall in 
Westmoreland were made at Nuremberg, and similar counters, 
the inscription a little different, have been discovered in old 
buildings on the other side of the county, showing the communi- 
cation that at a remote period must have existed between West- 
moreland and Germany. It is said that in some c^st% Jettons 
passed for coins of small value, but this was seldom the case, and 
they are different from those used in the trading republics of Italy. 
The Skelmergh Jettons are of brass mixed with bronze. The 
design on both is the same. On one side, a cross surmounting a 
globe within a rude kind of shield ; on the reverse, a six-pointed 
star, — on each point rests a crown or fleur-de-lis alternately. 
There is no date on either. The inscription on the reverse is 
* Wolff laufer in Nurnber.' The shield on the other side of 
the counters is surrounded with the motto *Pfening macher 
Rechea ' ue, * Good counting makes right — or rich.' The pro- 
bable date at which these Jettons were introduced into West- 
moreland was between 1620 and 1680. 

The above is abridged from a note by John Fisher, Kendal, 
which appeared in the 8th volume of the Reliqttary\ page 255. 


Digitized by 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 93 

LXV. Col. John Erskine. — As the result of the replies which have 
been so obligingly given to my query regarding Col. John 
Erskine (vol. i. ii. 65) we arrive at the following conclusions : — 

1. The Hon. Sir Charles Erskine of Alva was twice married, 

his second wife being Helen Skene (see vol. iv. p. 139). 

2. By his second wife he had a daughter Mary, and a son 

John, who became a Colonel and Deputy-Governor of 
Stirling Castle. 

3. Col. John married Mary Maule, Countess of Mar, on the 

29th April 1697, and he married again Euphame 
Cochrane, sister of the eighth Earl of Dundonald. 

4. His testament was confirmed 9th July 1741, and he left 

at least four daughters: Helen, married Sir William 

Douglas, Bart. ; Margaret, married Captain Hon. William 

Erskine (who, in 1748, was described as Mr. William 

Erskine, Merchant in Edinburgh, deceased); Mary, 

married Alexander Webster, D.D. ; and Euphame, 

married Alexander Boswell, Lord Auchinleck. He 

also had another daughter, Elizabeth, baptized 6th 

December 171 7. 

Further information is still needed to identify the mother of 

Henry and Margaret Erskine, and regarding Col. John Erskine's 

official connection with Stirling Castle. 

Helen Skene, Sir Charles Erskine's second wife, was third 
daughter of Sir James Skene, Bart., of Curriehill, baptized 24th 
October 16 19, married first Sir Robert Bruce of Broomhall, Lord 
of Session (her son became fourth Earl of Kincardine), secondly, 
Sir Charles Erskine, and, thirdly, as third wife. Sir James 
Dundas of Arniston, S.C.J., who died 1679. 0^^ Douglas' 
Baronage^ 180, she is named Eupham.) 

5M March 1890. Z 

CXLII. AND CXLIII. Thomas Stewart and the Stewarts of 
DowALLY.— It is not improbable that the Thomas Stewart 
regarding whom Mr. W. Lyon inquires was Thomas Stewart 
of Lady well, son of Commissary John Stewart, executed at 
Edinburgh 1641 ; appointed Commissioner of Supply for Perth- 
shire 1689; father of John Stewart, Commissary of Dunkeld, 
who was served heir to him 14th July 1693, and was Commis- 
sioner of Supply for Perthshire 1696, and married Helen, eldest 
daughter of William Lindsay of Kilspindie by Margaret, 
daughter of William Bethune, brother of Criech, but d,s.p, 

I believe Duncan Stewart gives no pedigree of the Stewarts 
of Cardneys and Dowally. The pedigree of the Steuarts of 
Dalguise will be found in Burke's Landed Gentry^ and that of 
Lindsay of Evelick in Burke's Extinct Baronetage^ page 629. 
(See also Lives of the Lindsays^ i. 436 ; ii. 283-4.) I know of 
no published pedigree of Tours or Towers of Inverleith. The 
published pedigrees of Perthshire families of the name of Murray 
or Moray are far too numerous to mention here. See Genea- 
logists' Guide. 2. 

Digitized by 


94 The Scottish Antiquary , 


Memoir of the Families of APCombie and Thoms^ by William M^Combie 
Smith. Edinburgh : Blackwood and Sons. — We noticed the first edition 
of this work in the Scottish Antiquary^ vols. i. and ii. (comb.) page 190. 
The present edition is considerably enlarged, and the additional informa- 
tion given is both valuable and interesting. Much of it relates to the 
branch of the family which has substituted Thom for M*Combie; the 
history of the change is interesting as throwing a light on the formation of 
surnames, especially in Scotland. 

' While his cousin, Robert M'Comie, was making slow but sure head- 
way as farmer in Findlatrie, in distant Aberdeenshire was Robert 
MacThomas pursuing the even tenor of his way. ... In his time, the 
surname, MacThomas, began to be curtailed into Thomas. He died in 
1740 at the age of 57.' George Thomas, his son, died in 1831; his 
eldest son was Patrick Hunter Thoms — we are not told when the second 
change took place. The work is well illustrated — one of the most satis- 
factory portraits being that of William M*Combie, Esq., of Easter Skene, 
who died 4th July 1890, aged 88. He took a deep interest in the history 
of his family, and was one of the finest of the old race of true Highland 

Another portrait is an interesting one of George Hunter Thorns, 
Sheriff of Caithness, Orkney, and Zetland, and vice-Admiral of the 
Islands. He has selected the arma in preference to the toga, and stands 
in the full uniform of his rank, for which he holds, as his predecessors have 
done, a commission. We hope in a future number to work out the 
history of the naval and military position which belongs to certain civil 
magistrates ex officio. The subject is one of some interest 

In concluding our brief notice we must express our regret that no 
tabular pedigrees have been given. They greatly assist the reader, and, in 
this instance, would have been particularly valuable. Further, regret is 
too mild a word to express what we feel when, turning to the end of the 
volume, we find no index. Such an omission is now rare, but how is it 
that Mr. Smith, who must know the value of an index, has left his readers 
unprovided with one. In other respects the book is excellent both in 
matter, arrangement, and appearance. 

The Dates of variously-shaped Shields^ with coincident Dates and Examples^ 
by George Grazebrook, F.S.A., Liverpool. — This volume, which is printed 
for private circulation, is but the forerunner of a larger work which will, 
we trust, be published. The subject is one that has not received the 
attention it deserves, but this short treatise of ninety pages shows that 
from the shape of shields on seals and monuments deduction may be 
drawn with tolerable accuracy as to their dates. In shields, as in archi- 
tecture, there was a fashion which was ever changing, though the transi- 
tion from one form to another was seldom abrupt. We are enabled to 
give a few of the many engravings which illustrate this most interesting 
work, and which may help to make this brief notice more intelligible. 

The seal of Gilbert de Gant, ob. 1 158, is a good example of an early 
seal It represents the shield as triangular, while in the centre the boss is 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 


retained, which was discontinued when the surface was required to be 
plain to bear armorial achievements. See fig. i. 

Fig. I. 

Elianor Ferre, who died in old age, a.d. 1349, used a seal with her 
husband's arms (in the baron) dimidiated. The shape of the shield is less 
angular than earlier examples. Its probable date is 1290. See fig. 2. 

John de Tilneye used in 1353 a bold and, in some respects, peculiar 
seal Above the helmet is what appears to be a broad-brimmed hat 
such as that worn by cardinals, but without strings. The shield is of 
the same shape as that of Elianor Ferre. See fig. 3. 

Fig. 2. 

Fig. 3. 

Making a leap of two centuries we find on a plaque the arms 
of Sir Thomas Bell, thrice Mayor of Gloucester, who died in 1566. 

Digitized by 



The Scottish Antiquary. 

The shape of the shield clearly shows that the days when they were 
used as defensive armour were past This one possesses one of the 
many forms which the taste or fancy of architects, heralds, and 
artists devised. See fig, 4. 

Fig. 4. 

In the last century the helmet was frequently omitted, and 
the accessory ornaments consisted of wreaths, palm branches, and 
other devices, instead of the ragged mantling which was so common 
in earlier instances. The book plate of Ashley Palmer, a.d. 1792, is 
a good example of the form of shield in common use. See fig. 5. 

Mr. Grazebrook is anxious to make his coming book as perfect 
as possible, and we would suggest that our readers who take an 
interest in the subject should not only send their names as subscribers, 
but, as he requests, send suggestions and information. His address is 
Oakhill Park, Liverpool. 

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Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 

Published Quarterly 
VOL. V. 


The Rev. A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, m.a. 












Notes. ' 


Erskine of Little Sauchie and of 
Balgownie, . . . . 97 

The Huguenots in North Britain, . 103 
Extracts from Culross Kirk-Session 
Records. . . . ... 114 

The Ross Family, . . . .117 

Soots in Sweden, . . . .123 

Fisher-folk spells, . . . .126 

Tomb of Sir James Ewat, .126 

Gaelic Place-Names in Fife, . .128 
Orkney Folklore, . . . .130 

The Rose Mss., . .133 

Arms of County Couhcil, Aberdeen, 139 

Glaud 140 

Livingstone, . . . . 140 

Annie Lawrie, .... 141 
Rotten Row, . .14^ 


CLVI. William Hersey. . 
CLVII. Sir Anthony Hairland, . 
CLVIir. Old Trade Mark. . 
CLIX. The Broken Cross, . 
CLX. Cashiers of the Royal Bank, 


XLII. Jettons, . 

LXX. Frater. . 

CXXIV. Paterson, 

CXLI. Ogilvy. . 

CLIII. Stank, . 


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Vol. I. 

1. (Dec. 1886) Marriages, 1558-1628 ; Baptisms, i558-X58s 

2. (March 1887) Baptisms, X585-x62Z. 

3. (June 1887) Baptisms, 1621-1628 ; Burials, 2558-1603. 

4. (Sept. 1887) Burials, 1603-1628 ; Marriages, 1626-J63X. 

5. (Dec. 1887) Marriages, 1631-1736. 

6. (March 1888) Marriages, 1736- 1753, 

Vol. IL 

6. {Cont.) Burials, 1628-1644. 

7. (June 1888) Burials, 1644-1663, and Index, Ab-Bar. 

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IS (July 1890) Index to Vol. IL, Bwe-Gra. 

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15. [Cont.) Baptisms, 1628-1637. 

16. (Oct 1890) Baptisms, 1637- 1667. 

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318. Erskine of Little Saucbie and of 

Balgownie, .... 97 

319. The Huguenots in North Britain, . 103 
390. Extracts from Culross Kirk-Session 

Records, 114 

321. The Ross Family 117 

333. Scots in Sweden, .... 123 

333. Fisher-folk spells ia6 

334. Tomb of Sir James Ewat, . 126 

335. Gaelic Place-Names in Fife, . . 128 

326, Orkney Folklore 130 

327. The Rose Mss 133 

338k Arms of County Council, Aberdeen, 139 
339. Glaud Z40 

330. Livingstone, 140 

331. Annie Lawrie, .141 

332. Rotten Row 141 


CLVL William Hersey, . 
CLVIL Sir Anthony Hairland, . 
CLVin. Old Trade Mark. . 
CLIX. The Broken Cross, . 
CLX. Cashiers of the Royal Bank, 


. 141 
. 141 
. 141 
. 141 
. 142 


XLIL Jettons, . 

LXX. Frater, . 

CXXIV. Paterson, 

CXLI. Ogilvy, . 

CLIII. Stank, . 

Notices of Books, 



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318. Erskine of Little Sauchie and of Balgownie. — Nearly twenty 
year* ago T wa.s r^^qnested by the late Captain Cuninghame of Balgownie 
to compile for him a pedigree of the family of Erskine of Balgownie, of which 
he was the representative. I produced a tabular pedigree, having to guide 
me in the task not only such public records as were then in print, but also 
a great mass of family papers of various dates, from 1485 onward. 

I have lately undertaken to edit for the Scottish History Society an 
Account Book kept between 1675 ^^^ ^7^^ ^Y Dame Hannah Andrews 
or Erskine, wife of Sir John Erskine of Balgownie. This has revived my 
interest in the old pedigree. I have examined State papers printed since 
it was compiled, and am able to substantiate some doubtful points and to 
make a few additions. As it may not be expedient to print the pedigree 

VOL. v.— NO. XIX. G 

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in extenso in the volume I am preparing, I think it advisable to place it 
on record in the pages of the Scottish Antiquary^ and all the more as an 
incorrect account of the family has lately been published, to which I shall 
have to allude. My pedigree has been revised after another examination 
of the numerous and valuable writs belonging to the Balgownie family 
{B.W.)'y the other authorities used are: The Scottish Acts of Parliament 
{SA,); The printed Retours {Ret); Liber S, Marie de Dryhurgh, 
Bannatyne Club {L,D,); Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambus- 
kenneth {R,M,C,) ; Keith's Scottish Bishops {K, SB,) ; Registrum Magni 
Sigilli (R.M.S,); Church Register, Culross {CR.C) ; Burgh Records, 
Culross {B,R.C,); Church Register, Dunfermline (CR.JD,) ; Church 
Register, Edinburgh {C,R,E.) ; Memorials of the Haliburtons, reprinted 
from the Abbotsford edition of 1824, for the Grampian Club {M.H) ; 
Moysie's Memoirs {M.M,). 

I have given a drawing of three slabs, which are at present built into 
the ruined east wall of the long disused Parish Church of Culross. 
(See Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, Scotland, 1877, vol. xii. 
p. 253.) They are the tombs of Sir James Erskine, the first Laird of 
Balgownie (who died circa 1592), of Christian Stirling his wife (who died 
1582, aged 72), and of Robert Erskine, their eldest son and the second 
Laird of Balgownie, who died before 1597. 

The original position of these three slabs probably was over the graves 
of the deceased within the Parish Church, but they are now built into the 
wall for better preservation. As will be seen, the middle stone is in the 
best condition. 

L James Erskine ^ of Little Sauchie (co. Stirling), * brother german to 

^ Sir Robert Douglas in his Peerage (voce Mar) is mistaken when he writes, * Robert, 
3d Lord Erskine, . . . had a son James of Little Sauchie . . . who had a son James 
Erskine of Balgonie, ancestor of that branch.* It is clear that Lord Erskine's son James 
was both of Little Sauchie and Balgownie, and that th^re were not two of the name. 

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ane noble and potent lord, John Lord Erskine' {B, W,), and son of Robert 
Lord Erskine who fell at Flodden, 15 13, had, 7 th June 1541, a grant of Little 
Sauchie to himself and his wife, Christian Stirling, of the family of Keir 
(R,M,S.)^ and also of the lands of Balgownie in the parish ofCulross 
and CO. Perth, from William, Commendator of Culross, by charter dated 
14th March 1549 {B.W,). The date of his marriage has not been 
ascertained. His wife, who was born 1510, predeceased him in 1582 ; her 
tomb is still in fair condition, as will be seen from the print. James 
Erskine was usually styled * of Little Sauchie,' the designation * of Balgownie' 
being rare in earlier documents. His monument, which is on the right 
hand of his wife's, is much obliterated. It is ascertained from the family 
papers that his death occurred some time between 8th December 1592 
and 20th November 1596. His great age is mentioned {R.M,S,), He 
had issue,^ 

1. Robert, who follows as Robert H. 

2. Adam. There exists a tack (1552) by John, Commendator of 

Dryburgh, in favour of James Erskine of Little Sauchie, and 
Adam Erskine, his son, of the lands of Clerkington, co. Perth 
{B,W,), He was alive in 1584-85 (I^.M,S.\ but was dead 
before 30th April 1590, when *John, son lawful to umqh' 
Adame Erskine in Balgonie and Catharine Sands his mother,' 
raised an action for damage done to their property (B./i.C). 

3. James, styled 1584 *Mr. James Erskine brother to Robert 

Erskine, apperand to Little Sauchie' (S.A. 1584, pp. 336, 
344), vicar of Falkirk 15th May 1587 {R.M,S,)', he was alive 
2ist July 1605 {B, W.). 

4. William, parson of Campsie and Archbishop of Glasgow (a 


^ Mr. E. Erskine Scott, in his recently published account of the Erskines of Shieldfield 
[su)j has introduced the name of Alexander, the first Laird of Shielfield, into a tabular 
pedigree (I.) of the Balgownie family, and places him as youngest son of James, the 
first Laird. For this Mr. Scott produces no contemporaneous eWdence, but relies solely 
on a passage to be found in a manuscript in the possession of, and printed by. Sir Walter 
Scott in 1824. This work was an anonymous account of the Family of Haliburton, 
and was commenced in the latter half of the seventeenth century. It contains a story 
of an abduction of the heiress of Shielfield by her grandfather, Abbot James 
Stewart, in 1559, and of her marriage by him to Alexander Erskine, *a brother, as 
Uis said, of Barony, at that time a servant of the said Abbot.' (The italics are 
mine; the whole passage will be found on page 31 of the reprint of the work for the 
Grampian Club. ) The utter worthlessness of this myth can be judged from the fact that 
this Abbot James Stewart ceased to be Abbot in 1 541 ; if he did not die in that year he 
certainly was dead before i8th February 1546 (see p. 287, L,D.), If Mr. Scott can find 
any reliable authority designating Alexander of Shielfield * brother to Balgonie,* then he 
may reasonably conjecture that he was Alexander Erskine, Parson of Monybreck, but 
probably a layman, younger son of Robert, Ix)rd Erskine, and brother to James, Laird 
of Balgownie. He is mentioned by Douglas in his account of the family of Erskine 
(E. Mar). Mr. Scott holds that this Alexander was a son and not a brother to James 
of Balgownie. This is impossible ; he was of full age in 1525 {R.M,C,), and therefore 
must have been older than Christian Stirling, the mother of the Laird of Balgownie's 
children. In 1559 he was probably about 55 years of age. Mr, Scott seems to 
have overlooked the fact that there existed, 31st March 1541 , an Alexander Erskine of full 
age, and witness for the Abbot of Dryburgh {R.M.S,); he could not have been the son of 
James of Balgownie, he may have been his brother, and eventually the husband of 
Elizabeth Haliburton. Douglas's account of the origin of the house of Shielfield is 
improbable, when dates now ascertained are considered. (See Scot, Anttq, p. 143.) 

' *The temporalities of the Abbey of Paisley were, a. d. 1579, in possession of a 
nephew of John, E»rl of Mar, William Erskine of Balgowpie, Parson, as he is named, 

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5. Jean, married, 2d April 1567, James Preston, third laird of 
Valleyfield (ValUyfidd WHts)} 
Note, — There is also a reversion {B, IV,), dated 7th November 1567, by 
Gilbert Erskine of Gellett to John Swinton. The parentage of Gilbert 
is not stated. 

II. Robert Erskine, * eldest son ' {B, W,) of James Erskine of Little 
Sauchie, had a charter, 21st February 1565, from his father to himself and 
his wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of John Blackadder of TuUiallan, in pro- 
vision of the contract of marriage. A grant to his widow, 9th November 
1597, shows that he was dead before that date. His monument bears the 
Erskine arms and initials R. E., but no trace of other inscription can 
now be discovered. He had, besides his eldest son John, who succeeded 
him (see below\ a younger son Thomas,^ who died 16 18, when his brother 
John was served his heir (Ret\ 

III. John Erskine,^ * eldest son and heir of said Robert Erskine ' 
{Precept of Clare Constat, loth August 1615, B, IV.), 'John Erskine of 
Little Sauchie, son and heir of Robert Erskine of Little Sauchie,* 9th 
November 1597 {B,W,), 'Grandson of James Erskine' (Ret,), He 
married Magdalen, daughter of Sir Robert Bruce of Camock, and was 
buried 9th March 1641 (CR.C,),- He left at least one son, who suc- 
ceeded as 

IV. Sir John Erskine, styled in disposition, 27th May 1641, by George 
Bruce in his favour, * John, eldest son of deceased John Erskine ' (B, W.) ; 
in a charter, dated 7th April 1642, he is styled * Sir John Erskine ' {B, IV.), 
He married, settlement dated 2d September 1643 {B, W,\ Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Harry Elphinstone of Calderhall. The baptism of his eldest 
son John has not been found, but the following are entered {C,R,C,), 

Jeane, baptized 2d August 1644, the Earl of Mar and Sir 

John Erskine of Octerstone being witnesses. 
Thomas* and George, twins, baptized 12th April 1652. 
Alexander, baptized 19th April 1653. 
George, baptized 23d December 1656. 
Sir John died before 8th June 167 1, and was succeeded by his eldest 

V. Sir John Erskine, served heir to his father Sir John, 8th June 167 1 
(B.fV,), married, in Edinburgh (CB.E,), i8th February 1673, Hannah, 
daughter and heiress of Robert Andrews, burgess of Edinburgh. The 
marriage contract (B. IV,) shows that her portion was 28,000 marks. 

For twenty-five years after her marriage she kept an exact account of 
all the household expenses in a volume which contains much interesting 

of Campsie (see M, M,,^, 22). Daring his residence he caused a well to be sunk in the 
Abbey Place, which still bears the name "Balgownie weU."* — Adity of Pauley, by 
Dr. Cameron Lees, p. 234. This William had a grant of the revenues and title of 
the archiepiscopal see of Glasgow, ' after the forfeiture of Lord Claud Hamilton, I J85, 
... in less than two years the king took away the archbishopric from Mr. Erskine * 

^ From this marriage is descended Robert Campbell Preston, now of Ardchattan 
and of Valleyfield. 

* Mr. Scott in his table places Thomas as elder brother of John (IV.), and makes 
him succeed a fictitious John m the estate ! 

' Mr. Scott in his table makes this John a nephew of Robert, and son of a second 
son of James, first Laird. This error might have been saved by a careful inspection 
of the Ketours. 

* Thomas was alive 2d April 1678 {B. IV,), 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. loi 

matter. Besides the eldest son John there were other children mentioned 
in her book or in the Registers {CR.C), 

*A daughter (name not given) to the Laird of Balgownie' was 

buried sth May 1681 (C,R,C.). 
George, son of John Erskine of Balgony and dame («V), was 

baptized 9th of (sic) 1684 (C.^.C), the witnesses being, 

J. R., Bishop of Ross, and George Erskine. 
William, *son to the right honourable John Erskine of Balgownie,' 

was baptized 6th January 1686. Witnesses, Sir Alexander 

Bruce and Sir William Preston (CR.C.), 
Robert, witness in 1736 to his niece's marriage contract, and in it 

styled* Captain '(^.^.). 
Archibald, mentioned in Dame Erskine's Account (B. IV.). 
James, *bom to Sir John Ariskine of Balgownie and Dame 

Hannah Androw,' was baptized 24th March 1691. Witnesses, 

Sir William Preston, J. A. Androw, William Androw {C.R.C.). 

Magdalene I ^^ ^^^ mentioned in the Account Book {B. W.). 
Possibly there may have been others. 

Sir John Erskine, who must have been knighted before 1691, died 
before 6th April 1703, and was succeeded by his eldest son 

VI. John Erskine ^ of Balgownie, served heir to his father, 6th April 1 703 
(B.IV.), was born 1679. He married, at Dunfermline, February i6th, 
1 7 10 {C.R.D,\ Margaret, daughter of Sir Charles Halkett of Pitfirrane, 
and granddaughter of the first Earl of Stirling. Mr. John Erskine had 

1. John. (See below.) 

2. Hannah. (See below.) 

3. Robert, died without issue. 

4. Charles, died without issue. 

5. George, died without issue. 

6. Elizabeth (styled second daughter) (B. IV.\ who married James 

PattuUo of Balhouffie, co. Fife. Her descendants were in 
remainder in the entail made by her elder sister's husband. 
(See below.) I believe they still exist. 

7. Mary, died without issue. 

Mr. John Erskine died 1 749, and was succeeded by his eldest son 

VII. John Erskine of Balgownie (son of John Erskine, VI.), advocate, 
married Janet, daughter of Charles Wedderburn, but died without issue, 
1767. He was succeeded in the estate by his sister 

VIII. Hannah Erskine (daughter of John Erskine, VI.). She married 
(settlement dated sth April 1736) {B. fV.) John, eldest son of Robert 
Cuninghame by Mary his wife, daughter to deceased John Callendar of 
Craigforth. Robert Cuninghame was laird of Comrie, near Culross, 
CO. Perth, and of Bamton in the parish of Kilsyth, being the third son of 
John Cuninghame of Ballindalloch, descended from Sir Andrew Cuning- 
hame of Ballindalloch (tern. David 11.), next brother to William Cuning- 
hame of Kilmaurs, ancestor of the Earls of Glencaim. John Cuning- 
hame died 1801 ; but on nth August 1792 a disposition of the Balgownie 
property was made in favour of his own children by Hannah Erskine, 

^ Mr. Scott in his table makes this John, who, as he correctly states, died in 1749 
aged seventy, the son of Sir John, whose death he also correctly states as taking place 
in 1670 ! It is clear he has omitted to insert Sir John, fifth Laird, who died 1703. 

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failing whom, to the descendants of Mrs. Elizabeth Erskine or PattuUo, 
sister to Mrs. Hannah Erskine or Cuninghame (see above) ; next to the 
children of John Erskine, late bailie of Alloa, and their heirs, and finally, 
to the heirs of John Erskine (VI.), advocate. Who John Erskine, bailie 
of Alloa, was, is uncertain, probably a descendant of a younger son of 
Sir John Erskine IV. or V. Mrs. Hannah Erskine or Cuninghame had 
an only son, 

IX. Robert Cuninghame (son of Hannah Erskine or Cuninghame, VIII.) 
was a clergyman of the Church of Scotland. He married first a daughter 
of MoncriefF of Culfargie, the mother of his children, and, secondly, a 
daughter of Stewart of Physgill. He died 1801, leaving 

1. John. (See below.) 

2. Robert, of Bower Houses, married a daughter of Hay of Belton, 

by whom he had a son, who died without issue. 

X. John Cuninghame of Balgownie (son of Robert Cuninghame IX.), 
married, 1792 (contract 12 Oct. 1792) (B.IV,), Jean, daughter of James 
Hutchison. She died 1831 ; he died 181 2, leaving issue 

1. James. (See below.) 

2. John, died without issue before 1834. 

3. Alexander. (See below.) 

4. Mary, married the Rev. J. Young, and had issue with a son, who 

died young ; a daughter, Jean H. Cuninghame. 

5. Anne, died 1862. 

6. Agnes, married Charles Shortt, an officer in the army. 

XL James Cuninghame of Balgownie (eldest son of John Cuning- 
hame, X.), married, 181 8, Agnes, daughter of Ramsay of Bamton (B, W), 
He died without issue 1834, and was succeeded by his next surviving 
brother, viz. : — 

XII. Alexander Cuninghame of Balgownie (third son of John Cuning- 
hame, X.), married, 1834 {B. IV,), Helen Dunmore, daughter of Robert 
Brown of Newhall, the mother of his children. He married, secondly 
(mar. cont. dated 9th Aug. 1847) (^« ^O* Marion Telfer, daughter of 
deceased William Telfer, Esq. of Balgonar, who survived him. He died 
1848, leaving issue 

1. John. (See below.) 

2. Eliza. 

3. Jean Agnes, died 1847. 

4. Helen. 

5. Mary Anne. 

6. Harriet, died 1865. 

XIII. John Cuninghame of Balgownie (son of Alexander Cuninghame, 
XII.). Captain in the army; married, 1866, Helen Rebecca, daughter, 
and eventually sole heiress, of Ranald Macdonell of Glengarry. Captain 
Cuninghame died 1879, leaving 

1. John Alistair Erskine Cuninghame, now fourteenth Laird of 

Balgownie, born November 10, 1869. 

2. Helen Josephine Erskine, died unmarried. 

Note. — Mr. Cuninghame of Balgownie is heir-male of the Cuninghames 
of Comrie, and representative of the families of Erskine of Little Sauchie 
and Balgownie, and of Macdonnell of Glengarry. 

Arms of the Family. — The following arms are registered at the 

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Lyon Office ^ : — * John Areskine of Balgownie, descended of a Second 
Son of the Familie of Man, Bears two coats quarterlie, first azur a bend 
betwixt two cross crosslets fitched or, second arg. a pale within a bordure 
sable, third as the second, the fourth as the first. Above the shield ane 
Helmet befitting his degree mantle gules doubled argent next is placed 

on ane Tore for his Crest ,* — *r. 1672.' 

On Dec. 30th, 1771. — The following arms were registered : — 
'The Revd. Mr. Robert Cunningham of Balgownie, great-grandson of 
John Cunningham of Balindaloch, who succeeded to the estate and repre- 
sentation of the family of Erskine of Balgownie, on the death of John 
Erskine of Balgownie, his mother's brother. Bears Quarterly i and 4 arg. 
a shake fork sa., and in chief a mullet gu., all within a bordure engrailed of 
the last. 2 and 3 grand quarters as Erskine of Balgownie. 
'Crest An oak-tree proper. 

* Motto. "Tandem."' A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

319. The Huguenots in North Britain. — The following interesting 
paper was read at the Annual Meeting of the Huguenot Society, held in 
London 13th March 1889. Miss Layard has most kindly consented to its 
appearance in the Scottish Antiquary, and the Council of the Society have 
also allowed it to be printed from their Annual Report : — 

In 1685 Louis Quatorze crowned the many despotic acts of his reign 
by an action as cruel and tyrannical as it was shortsighted in its policy. 

Prompted by his minister Louvois, who hated those of the * Reformed 
Church ' who had remained in France, and who added so much to her 
glory by their talents and commercial successes, Louis issued a Royal 
Proclamation revoking the Edict of Nantes, and all the privileges which 
had been hitherto granted to his Protestant subjects and maintained by 
his predecessors. 

The exercise of the Reformed Religion was forbidden throughout 
France on penalty of death or forfeiture of all the worldly goods of those 
who professed it. But this tyranny and cruelty were not of a day's growth, 
or the fruits of a momentary outbreak of despotic prejudice ; fifteen years 
previously, in 1670, the terrible persecutions of the Dragonnades had 
spread murder, rapine, and horror throughout the length and breadth of 

* Mr. Scott thinks that a similarity exists between the arms of Shielfield and Bal- 
gownie, which supports his theory of the connection between the two families. The 
similarity is very trifling ; a much closer one exists between the arms of Erskine, of 
Dun, of Torry, and of Shielfield. He states that he has received, through a friend, 
some information from the Lyon Office, which, however, must have suffered in trans- 
mission, and was evidently incomplete, for he relies on Burke's Armoury for the blazonry 
of the Balgownie arms, which is incorrect. These arms were registered * c. 1672,' not, as 
he states, * r. 1680.' The Shielfield arms were registered * r. 1719 or later,' not * c. 1700.' 
It is evident, indeed, that they were not registered till after 1 722, from the fact that 
Nisbet, in his edition of that year, attributes to Shielfield the same arms as Balgownie. 
As he made use of the register in the Lyon Office, they clearly were not in it when he 
wrote. I do not find that he describes the Shielfield family as sprung from that 
of Balgownie. Mr. Scott seems to have been informed that the arms of Shielfield were 
registered at the Lyon Office * as a branch of Balgony about 1700 ' (p. 7). Balgownie 
is not mentioned; all that is said about them is contained in the following official 

'John Erskine of Sheefield bears argent on a pale sable a cross crosslet fitched or 
withm a bordure azur. Crest a dexter arm from the elbow proper holding a cross 
crosslet as the former. Motto, Think well '—V. 17 19 or later.' 

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104 ^'^^ Scottish Antiquary; 

the fair land of France ; even those who professed the Catholic faith were 
fain to pray that death would stay the arm of the cruel and execrated 
minister by whose order these sanguinary deeds had been perpetrated 
against innocent and God-fearing and law-abiding subjects. 

The rumour of these horrors spread far and wide. Even Catholic 
Italy opened her arms to receive as citizens those who fled from their 
tortured and unhappy land, although it must be confessed that individual 
instances of treachery in * high places ' sully the pages which record the 
sympathy and protection shown to the victims of this most dreadful 

Germany, too, and Holland were even more prompt in their aid and 
sympathetic interest. But it is to England and Scotland, and their * sister 
isle ' of Ireland, that the palm must be accorded for the ready protection 
and open-handed welcome they afforded to those who sought the refuge 
of the shores of Great Britain. 

The History of the French Huguenots, as regards their settlement in 
England and Ireland, is well known, and has been exhaustively treated 
by Agnew, Smiles, and other well-known writers ; and much further light 
has been thrown on this subject by the researches carried on with so much 
interest by various members of the Huguenot Society since its first com- 
mencement. But it is not with the Huguenots of England, or of Ireland, 
that we have to do in this paper, but with their less well-known brethren 
and co-refugees in Scotland. This department of research never having 
been thoroughly worked out (although manuscripts and curious documents 
were known to exist in some one or other of the libraries in Edinburgh), 
it struck me, whilst on a visit to that city during the past summer, that a 
systematic research might possibly be repaid by many discoveries of great 
literary and historical interest. I therefore determined to devote as much 
time as I could spare to the work in question, and have had great gratifi- 
cation in presenting recently to the Huguenot Society the result of seven 
weeks' research in the Advocates' Library in Edinburgh, where, thanks to 
the kind assistance afforded me by the principal librarian, Mr. Clark, and 
his assistants, I was enabled to discover and transcribe a number of most 
curious and valuable papers, far exceeding my expectations in quantity 
and interest. I here take this opportunity of making this public ac- 
knowledgment of the services rendered me by the above gentlemen, in my 
own name as well as that of the Huguenot Society, feeling sure that all 
my readers will concur in this expression of thanks. 

With one or two exceptions of a trifling nature, all these manuscripts 
are embodied in the collection known as the *Woodrow Collection of 
MSS.' I have made all possible search in contemporary and later records, 
and have failed to discover any printed exemplars of these Huguenot 
papers, and it may therefore be safely concluded that oiir Society will be 
the first to make them public matter of interest. In a few more years, 
perhaps, time will have completed the work of obliteration already begun 
by damp, and fading ink, and crumbling paper, and these quaint records, 
which cost many hours of slow and careful deciphering, will have utterly 
faded away from human ken and eyesight, carefully as the manuscripts are 
preserved and guarded. 

The earliest record almost that we have of a Huguenot emigration to 
Edinburgh is towards the latter part of the sixteenth century, when a 
small colony of silk and wool weavers crossed from France to Leith, the 

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seaport of Edinburgh, and, by permission of the city authorities, purchased 
a piece of land in the suburb called Broughton, now forming part of 
Edinburgh itself, and still bearing the name of * Picardy Place,' called 
after the province from whence the refugees fled. 

This emigration seems to have taken place during the years 1588-90; 
the new-comers were enrolled as citizens, and contributed greatly to the 
augmentation of the commercial prosperity of the city in the woollen, silk, 
and napery trades. Of their habitation nothing now exists but the name 
of * Picardy Place.' Careful search has proved that none of the original 
old houses are now standing ; where they once stood can now be only ascer- 
tained by reference to the old maps and to the old wills preserved in the 
Register House, in which the testators' names and addresses are given, 
and their special branch of trade, as tisserandSy or weavers. 

The earlier massacres of Huguenots in France caused an intense 
feeling of horror and reprobation in Scotland, for France and Scotland 
were ever closely connected, both royally and politically, although the 
religions of the two countries were in every respect so dissimilar. 

In Mr. James MelvilFs diary, preserved in the Advocates' Library 
(Edinburgh), he says that Mr. James Wilkie, Primarius of the University, 
*causit sing comonnlie the 44 and 79 Psalmes, quhilk I X^vcixX. par ceur^ for 
that was the yeir of the bludie massacres in France (1574).' And again 
he says, under the date of the year 1588, *That 88 yeir was also maist 
notable for the death of Quein Mother of France, Catherin de Medecis, 
bludie Jezabell to the Sanctes of God, wha then was callit to hir recom- 
pence. As also the maist remarkable wark of God's iustice in repeying 
the twa cheiff executors of that horrible carnage and massacre of Paris, 
making first King Hendrie to cause his Gard stik ^ the Due of Guise vnder 
trest* with the Cardinall of Lorean. . . . The Lord working be maist 
wicked instruments maist wyslie and iustlie. ... In the 85 and 86 yeirs, 
all the protestants were chargit ^ af France within sic a day, vnder pean of 
lyff, lands, guids, and gear ; ^ sa that the number of banished in Eingland 
war sa grait, and the pure ^ of tham sa manie, that they war compelled to 
seik releifF of ws for the saming.' 

It is not surprising, with such a sympathetic connection between the 
two countries, that the kindly feeling extended beyond a mere show of 
words and expressions of horror at the evils that had come upon the faith- 
ful brethren in France. Pecuniary aid was also forthcoming, and various 
contemporary records relate how the Bishop of St. Andrews held a grand 
diocesan synod at Edinburgh on November 12, 1622, when it was or- 
dained that a collection should be made for the Huguenot congregations 
in France, and a public thanksgiving offered up in all the kirks of the 
diocese for the peace which was concluded between the King of France 
and his Protestant subjects. Reverting again to Melvill's diary, we read 
(1588) . . . *To the glory of God, I remember it, in the pure bounds I 
haid vnder charge, at the first beginning of my ministerie, we gatherit 
about fyve bounder marks for that effect' (/>. the collection for the 
Huguenot churches). * The soum of the haill collection quhilk Frenche 
kirks gat, extendit bot till about ten thowsand marks, as thair acquaittances 
and letters of thanksgiffing beares, quhilk I haiff in custodie, delyverit to 

^ Assassinate. ^ Treaty. 

• Chargit — ordered to leave. * Gear — chattels. 

' Pure^-old mathematical term signifying number or magnitude. 

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me by the Generall Assemblie to translat in Scott^s, and sett furthe to 
close the mouthes of invyfuU sklanderars, wha gaiff ovt that that collection 
was maid for anvther purpose. As also the collection maid for the Town 
of Geneua, wharfore we gat mair thankes by a Letter of Thedor du Bez * 
in the name of the Senat and Kirk thereof.' 

As time went on, and the connection increased, the kirks and con- 
gregations of Scotland occasionally sent their own ministers over to France, 
and, in fact, effected what we call nowadays an exchange of chaplaincies ; 
the period of ministry being regulated by the will of the congregation or 
the purse and inclination of the minister, and even sometimes by home- 
sickness (!), as this plea is occasionally set forth in the application for return 
of either party to their respective native lands. 

Calderwood tells us, in his History of the Kirk of Scotland^ 1621, 
how a certain Mr. John Welshe, pasteur of St. Jean in France, fled from 
that town, when it was besieged by the Catholic troops, and took refuge 
in Zealand ; here his health failed him, and he applied for leave to return 
to Scotland, so that he might have an interview anent his case with the 
King himself and the Dean of Winchester, Dr. Young. The former 
endeavoured to turn him from the Protestant faith, and pressed him to 
enter the pale of the Catholic Church, but the worthy minister was not to 
be moved by any fair promises, and the result was that the King con- 
demned him to remain in perpetual exile in London ; * so there,' says 
Calderwood, * he endit his dayes with the deserved name of an holie man 
... a constant sufferer for the truth.' 

Many of the leading noblemen and gentlemen in Scotland left the 
Catholic Church, with its more ceremonious ritual, and, influenced by 
their friends amongst the Huguenots, both in France and in their own 
land, joined themselves to the Reformed United Kirk of Scotland, thereby 
showing a praiseworthy example to all, and especially to those recalcitrant 
clergy who were false to the standard of the church militant, and who, for 
increase of promotion and pecuniary benefit, went over to the Church of 

In 1574 the chairs of the schools and universities of Scotland were 
thrown open to the Huguenots, who distinguished themselves greatly in 
every branch of learning, and were not a little thankful, being destitute of 
nearly all their worldly goods, to take any appointments offered them, and 
thereby earn their living honourably. To quote again from Melvill, he 
tells us that his brother Andro was a * seiklie tender boy, and tuk pleasur 
in nathing sa mikle as his buik. Sa with the portion that was left him, he 
spendit a yeir or twa in Montrose . . . heiring a France man called 
Petrus de Marsailiers teache the Greik grammar, and sumthing of that 
language.' This 'seiklie boy ' afterwards went to the college at Poitiers, 
and whilst there was nearly murdered in his lodgings by a Papist corporal, 

^ Theodore de Beza, minister in Geneva, was born in 15 19 at V^zelai, in Burgundy. 
Educated at Paris, Orleans, and Bourges, he took his degree of doctor at the age of 
twenty. Having quitted his abbacy of Longjumeau, he l^came a follower of Calvin, 
who ordained him a minister about 1548. In 1561 he entered the suite of the Prince 
of Conde, and followed him through his campaign, whence he returned in 1563 to 
Geneva. He attended the Huguenot conferences at La Rochelle in 1 571, in Nismes 
in 1572, and was looked upon as the father of the Reformed Churches of France, 
Flanders, and Switzerland. In his old age his memory failed for all recent events, but 
he repeated with perfect ease the whole of the Psalms in Hebrew, and many chapters 
of the New Testament in Greek. He died on October 13, 1605, aged eighty-six. 

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who accused him of being a Huguenot, and only come to Poitiers to 
betray the city to troops of his own persuasion. From thence Mr. 
Andrew MelviU went to Orleans, which was in a state of siege ; here he 
found the gates of the city shut ; the soldiers on guard arrested Andrew 
and his companion, Mr. Andrew Polwart, and only allowed them to enter 
after a lengthy explanation, in which a punning answer given by Andrew 
MelviU saved the lives of the two young men. On the sentry asking him 
who they were, he replied, * Scotchmen,' *0h, ye Scotchmen are all 
Huguenots,' answered the soldier. * Huguenots ? ' quoth Andrew \ * what's 
that ? we ken nocht sic' ' Oh ! ' said the guard, * ye have no mess ' (mass). 
* Forsooth ! ' replied Andrew MelviU merrily, * our bems in Scotland gaes 
daylie to mess ' (porridge). Upon this the soldiers answered, * Good com- 
panions, go thy way ! ' 

It was with the sister churches of Geneva and of La Rochelle that the 
Scotch had the closest unity; one of their favourite ministers, Gilbert 
Primrose,^ was for many years officiating at the latter place ; and through 
Gilbert Primrose's hands passed most of the official arrangements for the 
interchange of ministers between the Scotch kirks and the Huguenot con- 
gregations. He had been a great favourite with high and low in Edinburgh, 
as may be judged by the perusal of the letter (hereafter to be printed) 
concerning him and imploring his recall. He was of an ancient and 
honoiuable family, connected with many influential names. His descend- 
ants still exist, and his name figures as that of the family name of the Earls 
of Rosebery. 

Primrose's colleague at La Rochelle was the pasteur Anthoine 
Regnaud, or Regnaut, to whom were intrusted the periodical tours of 
inspection to the Huguenot colleges and congregations in Germany. 
He speaks of Gilbert as his ^ compagnon dkvouky who with his feUow- 
pasteur. Monsieur Chamier,^ of the church at Montdlimer,^ seems to have 
been his principal support in certain actions and reports undertaken in 
reference to the misconduct of a Sieur Piscator,* who had written obnoxi- 
ous articles regarding the doctrine of the Antichrist. It appears from the 
records of the Kirk transactions preserved in the library of the Tolbooth 
Church, Edinburgh, that domestic offences committed by the minister 
were tried at the Kirk sessions, as well as offences against ceremonial 
regulations, for there appear here and there entries against pasteurs and 
ministers who have offended in various particulars. Some of these offences 
are cited, such as for pecuniary benefit letting lodgings to Papists, per- 
mitting pilgrimages, on superstitious motives of cure, to old chapels, wells, 
and trees, or allowing their wives and daughters to wear silver lambs or 
crosses as pendant ornaments ; or having statues of saints and apostles in 
their houses, uttering unseemly jesting and puns (caUmbours) on religious 
subjects, allowing the congregation to bring their midday meal into the 
kirk to save a walk home between the services ; and, alas ! worst sin of 
all in the eyes of the reverend Synod, it was declared that several pasteurs 
and ministers, notably of some of the churches in the Lower Town, had 

* The Rev. Gilbert Primrose, D.D., died in 1642. His son, James Primrose, 
M.D., was a celebrated medical author and a vigorous opponent of Harvey. He died 
in 1660. 

* Daniel Chamier, pasteur ; bom 1570, died October 21, 162 1. 
' Mont^limar, a fortified town of Dauphine. 

* The Rev. John Fischer (Piscator), German Calvinist divine, born 1546, died 1626, 
at Herbom, in Nassau. 

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been seen * kissing the maids ' whilst the latter were in waiting behind the 
church to escort their mistresses home ! For this heinous crime the 
offending ministers were charged forty marks per kiss. It is to be hoped 
that the reverend gentlemen were deterred, by the expense of this luxury 
(if by no other motive), from giving way a second time to this human but 
decidedly unclerical weakness. Magistrates nowadays are more lenient, 
to judge by a recent instance in one of the daily papers, when a country 
vicar, who shall be nameless, was made to pay 15J. dd, only for a similar 
offence towards his housekeeper, he having set forth the plea that * she 
was no longer in her first fresh youth.' The Huguenot pasteurs were 
evidently more discriminating ; it is to be hoped that they repented them 
of their sin. 

A great friendliness existed between the French and Scotch pasteurs ; 
numbers of letters between them and ministers of the national Kirk 
testify to the strong feelings of regard they entertained towards their 
Huguenot brethren. 

The congregations of the principal kirks in the city of Edinburgh were 
continually affording relief to their poorer Huguenot brethren, as reference 
to various kirk account-books will show to the searcher in such matters. 
It appears that the interchange of ministeries between the Scotch Kirk and 
French Huguenot pasteurs was not always an unmixed good; for whereas 
the latter grafted on to their more lively French temperament some of the 
Scottish stability and * canniness,' and were the better for their temporary 
residence in Edinburgh and elsewhere, the Scottish ministers, on the 
contrary, adopted in many cases the frivolities and sometimes the vices of 
the gay and worldly land of France, and thereby bcurred the severe 
reprimand of the General Assembly. So much so, that a clause was in- 
serted in the ' Kirk Conclusions ' (as they were called) that such offenders 
were to be publicly reproved by the elders, to wit, those who were guilty 
of * sklanderous lyff, and efter admonition, amend nocht ; of blasphemie 
manifest ; of falshood, fechting, dansing, and sic dissoluteness ! ' Where- 
by we may conclude that the clergy in France were not restricted from 
appearing at balls or other gay entertainments that would in Scotland have 
made their more rigid brethren shudder with holy horror. In fact, it was 
rather astonishing that the Scottish people received the Huguenots with 
such liberality and kindliness, for the term * French ' had for a long time 
been synonymous with all that was mean and corrupt and contemptible, 
ever since the influx of French who had come over to Edinburgh in the 
train of Mary Queen of Scots, after her departure from France and her 
accession to the throne of her father. A drunken, quarrelsome, law-break- 
ing laird was apostrophised in full kirk by a wrathful minister as follows : 
* Thow Frencheist, Italianist, jolie gentleman, God shall bastone * thee in 
his righteous judgments ! ' 

As far as I have been able to discover, the Huguenot congregation in 
their earliest days of settlement in Edinburgh met for worship in a large room 
in one of their dwelling-houses in Picardy Place ; but this being found ex- 
tremely inconvenient, a worthy and wealthy dame, named Lady Yester, pre- 
sented them with a chapel situated not far from the University. From her 
continued liberality they enjoyed many benefits and numerous instances of 
pecuniary generosity, which enabled them to hold a more assured position 
amongst their fellow-citizens in their adopted country, and also gave them 
^ Bastone — punish, or chastise, or beat. Bostons (Old £nglish)-->staves. 

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a standing amongst the other congregations of the Scotch capital. This 
chapel still exists under the name of 'Lady Yester's Chapel/ but the 
present French Protestant congregation hold their *culte' in a chapel 
in George Street Amongst the Kirk papers in the Advocates' Library 
is a manuscript entitled, ' Roole des Deposez,' or a list of pasteurs who 
had been suspended by order of the Kirk, and had since decamped, 
after recanting from the Huguenot faith. As some of these names appear 
in transactions of the united Scotch and Huguenot kirks, we may suppose 
that this * Roole' was issued as a sort of warning or description, for the 
benefit of such persons as might inadvertently have been harbouring them, 
or had knowingly done so. Some of the paragraphs are almost *• photo- 
graphic' in their personal details. We read that George Sovisse, alias Soulas^ 
late minister of Fontainebleau, has been suspended for misdemeanour ; 
that he is a short man, with black hair, and aged about forty ; and again, 
Jean de Vassan, minister in Anjou, a short man, with an aquiline nose, a 
wide mouth and scanty beard, suspended for infamous depravities ; and 
still a third of equally unprepossessing characteristics, namely, J6rdmie 
F^vrier, a minister from Bas Languedoc, very tall, with black and frizzly 
hair, swarthy complexion, wide nostrils, and coarse, thick lips ; the list of 
these * disgraces * to their cloth closing with Pasteur Josias Montague, aged 
about forty, from Dauphin^, with grizzled hair and goggle eyes with wan- 
dering glances. 

A minister, Mr. Coxe, writing from his pastorate at Angers to the Rev. 
Mr. Wylie in Scotland, says he has heard a strange report, hitherto secret, 
* that Monsr. Alix,^ Monsr. Gily of Beaug6, and Monsr. Myte of Orleans, 
are on the point of changing their religion.' This letter is dated April 14, 
1683; but this report was certainly a false one, for we find Pasteur AUix 
writing from Paris (on the 20th of April, 1684, almost exactly a year after) 
to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury,^ thanking him for the protec- 
tion afforded to the poor refugees ' cast upon the shores of Great Britain 
by the storm of persecution,' and imploring him to continue to extend the 
shelter of his authority, in order to establish peace, and make it safe for 
the refugees to settle down in the new land of their choice. Pasteur AUix 
goes on to express his deep regret at their troubles, and how * he groans 
from the depths of his heart for the schisms and differences which have 
crept even into the new refugee' congregations.' This remark doubtless 
refers to the unseemly scenes which had this year (1683) taken place at 
the Grand Assembly or Synod in Edinburgh anent the settlements of pas- 
torate salaries and 'the plantation' or division of the united Scotch and 
Huguenot congregations and their allowance from state and ecclesiastical 
commission courts. This was not by any means the first time that the 
united nonconformist kirks had fallen out amongst themselves, for in 1600 
and 1 60 1 the Scotch Kirk picked a quarrel with the French one, declaring 
that the latter kept up too many ceremonies, and that thereby * corruption 
enterit in to the midst of the congregation, and inclined their souls to 

They were offended so far as to express a wish that elders should be 
abolished, and an ecclesiastical local commission attached to each district, 
with a bishop to preside over the diocese under which these district com- 

Rcv. Peter Allix, D.D. ; born 1641, died February 21, 1717. 
* The Right Rev. Dr. William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1677 to 
1689 ; bom 1616, died Nov. 4, 1693. 

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mittees were to be collected. The idea of a bishop is quite inimical to 
all Scottish congregations ; the suggestion was always thrown out when- 
ever mooted, and to this day the kirks of Scotland are ruled by their 
elders and ministers, presided over by the General Assembly, and bishops 
are only recognised in the Episcopal Church. 

John Knox,i who was ever ready to take the liberal side of a question, 
and even to give way to a superior opinion, obstinate as he was on certain 
dogmatic points, wrote to Theodore de Bdza at Geneva to ask his opinion 
on the matter. The latter responded to him in a letter strongly opposing 
the motion of the congregations in favour of bishoprics; the letter is 
written in Latin, and is No. 79 in the Knox and De B^za correspondence. 
I am indebted to the kindness of Dr. Garnett, of the British Museum, for 
this translation, which I give, of the principal extract referring to the subject; 
the Latin being of a stilted and rather obsolete rendering, as was the 
custom of epistolary correspondence in old times betwixt brother-clericals. 
De B^za writes thus : * But, my Knox, I should wish you and the rest of 
the brethren to bear in mind, what is as clear as daylight, that as bishops 
brought forth the Papacy, so spurious bishops will bring in the close of 
the Papacy, and infidelity rule the world. Let those who desire the safety 
of the Church beware of this pestilence, and when you shall have expelled 
them from Scotland (in tempore)^ I beseech you never admit it again, 
although it may flatter you by the specious pretext of retaining unity, 
which has beguiled very many of the best amongst the ancients.' 

As regards the commercial benefits accruing to Scotland from her 
hospitable reception of the unhappy fugitives, it is an undoubted fact that 
her prosperity was doubled, even trebled, by their settlement in the 
capital. Arts and manufactures hitherto unknown were introduced by the 
intelligent and hard-working Huguenot families, and those already known 
and in use were perfected to an extent never dreamed of previously. In 
this way the refugees repaid at full interest the kindness and hospitality 
and generosity which had been so freely lavished on them in the days of 
their tribulation and unhappy flight from all that was most precious to 

In 1693 we find one James Foulis, in company with a John Holland, 
setting up in Edinburgh a manufactory for the weaving of what was called 
Colchester baize ^ and linen, in a part of the city called Paul's Work. It 
is well known that there was a large colony of Dutch, Flemish, and French 
Huguenot weavers in Colchester, and I live in hopes of some day making 
researches in that venerable and curious town for materials for another 
Paper on the colony of Huguenots in that place, and their history, and 
shall hope also to make transcriptions of such manuscripts as may be still 
in existence in the town museum, churches, and library. 

To return to the Scotch Huguenots : — These baize weavers were also 
permitted to establish a second factory in the Citadel of Leith, and 
almost monopolised this particular branch of commerce, until May 28, 
1694, when one Nicholas Dupin founded a linen company, established by 

^ John Knox ; born 1505, died Nov. 24, 1572. 

^ The word Baize or Bayse was derived, it is said by some, from the ancient Teutonic 
word Bay, or the Old English Base, both signifying coarse cloth. Others derive it from 
Baia, near Naples, where it was first invented. The earliest manufactory of it in Eng- 
land was established by Huguenot refugees (French and Dutch) in the town of Colchester 
in 1571. 

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six thousand shares of 5/. each, of which half were taken by English and 
half by Scottish shareholders. The bleaching was carried on at Corstor- 
phine, the manufactory being situated most probably in one of the houses 
of Picardy Place. This Nicholas Dupin seems to have been a man of 
versatile genius, for we find him after this establishing a paper factory, 
which, two years later, also became a joint-stock concern. In the Privy 
Council Records is a petition from him, in which he sets forth that * he 
had arrived at the art of making all sorts of fine paper moulds, as good or 
better as made beyond the seas, and at a far cheaper rate, insomuch that 
one man can make and furnish more moulds in one week than any other 
workmen in other nations can finish in two months' time.' 

The inventive faculty of Nicholas Dupin was not content, it seems, 
to stop at improvements in linen and paper, for his next venture was a 
most ingenious mechanical lift or machine for drawing up water from 
flooded mines. The Government utilised his invention at once, as a long- 
needed want, and granted him a patent for it for eleven years. 

The success of the Huguenot refugees in establishing these factories 
roused the enterprise of their Scottish brother-merchants; and even 
private individuals were induced to follow suit in similar ventures, as an 
instance of which a Mr. William Black, advocate (in 1703), opened a 
factory called Gordon's Mills, near Glasgow, for the manufacture of French 
broadcloth, droguets^ (or druggets), serge, toiUs damasshs^ (or damask 
linens for table-cloths), ^vApluche (or plush), a species of velvet of which 
the foundation was satin and the nap carded up into a soft fiuffy surface. 
The latter article was comparatively a new invention, and was said to 
have been introduced into France by the Genoese traders, who had been 
encouraged to settle there by Catherine de' Medici, Genoa plush and 
Genoa velvet being much sought after by the wealthy nobles for their 
personal adornment and for the furniture of their houses, as well as for 
the trappings of their horses and mules. It was doubtless from these 
Italian manufactures that the Huguenots learnt the art of making plush 
and velvet, and thereby became the rivals of the inventors themselves 
when, later on, the refugees to the Netherlands established their manu- 
factures of velvet in that country, and Utrecht velvet, with its raised pile 
of magnificent designs and varied colouring, became equally renowned and 
as much sought after as the longer-established Genoa velvet. 

As has ever been the case when new undertakings have been started, as 
much opposition as favour was shown to the aliens, as the refugees were 
called, long after their settlement in Edinburgh ; contemporary * skits ' 
and popular ballads had their fling at them, and at those who adopted the 
fashions of dress introduced by the more elegant and polished Huguenots, 
in place of the homespun plainness of the usual Scottish attire. They are 
too numerous to give here at any length, but we may quote from one 
' skit,' which is supposed to be the lamentation of a Fifeshire laird, who, 
having departed this life in the days of the aforesaid * homespun plainness,' 
revisits his native land and finds his fellow-countrymen and countrywomen 

* Drugget, derived from the French * droguet ' and Italian ' droghetta ' ; in the year 
1703 it was first used as material for coats and cloaks, and skirts, and was afterwards 
made of hearier wool, to serve as a cheap form of carpet. The dress quality was sold 
at about tliirteenpence per yard. 

' Damask linen, used for house and ecclesiastical napery, was first made at Damas- 
cus, from whence comes its name. 

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bedecked in all the new-fledged fineries of the gay and brilliantly attired 
'aliens.' His lament runs as follows, and it must be left to the ingenuity 
of my readers to discover the meaning of various names of wearing apparel 
mentioned therein : — 

We had no garments in our land, 

But what were spun by the gude wife's hand, 

No drap de Berry,^ cloths of seal, 

No stuffs ingnuned in cochineal. 

No plush, no tissue,' cramoisie, 

No China, Turkey, taffety.' 

No fi^rata, water shamlet,^ 
No Bishop satin, or silk camblet, 
No cloth of Gold, or beaver hats, 
No windy-flourished flying feathers. 
No sweet, permusted, shambo leather. 

The laird's ghost goes on to say (after a further diatribe against the 
Huguenot manufacturers and tailors) that fashions were plain and useful 
before they came to Edinburgh, to turn the minds of plain citizens to the 
frivolities of dress \ in the good old days, when he, the laird, still walked 
the earth, there were no such things seen 

As scarfs, shefroas, tuffs ^ and rings, 
Fairdings,' facinings,' and powderings, 
Rebats (?), ribands, bands and ruffs, 
Lapbends,' shagbends, cuffs and muffs,^ 
Folding overlays,*® pearling sprigs,^^ 
Atries (?), fardingales, periwigs, 

^ Drap de Berry : a sort of frieze or thick cloth, which was first manufactured in 
Berry, France. 

' Tissue : a rich stuff in which gold and silver thread was intermingled with the silk 
or satin foundation. 

' Taffeta or Taffety : a sort of very thick corded silk, something like Irish poplin. 

* Water shamlet and camblet or camlet : a materiaJ made of silk and wool mixed, 
the first, water shamlet, being sometimes ornamented with watered lines like moir^. 

^ Tuffs : tufts or bunches of ribbons ; rosettes, or even clusters of precious stones, as 
may be seen by these words on the dress of a courtier, temp, Henry III. of France — 

' In emerald tufis, flow'rs purpled, blue and white, 
Like sapphire, pearl, in rich embroidery.' 

' Fairdings, or fardingales ; in French vertugardins. This was a species of enormous 
crinoline, made of wire or whalebone, larger on the hips than at the back and front, and 
worn by ladies to spread out their skirts — 

' A huge farthingale to swell her fustian stuff.' — Swift. 

7 Facings ; the coloured silk linings of turned -back collars and coats, termed by the 
French revers, 

^ Lapbends : lappets or bands of plain linen, or cravats of lace ; the former were 
worn by doctors, clergymen, and lawyers, and the latter by courtiers, military men, and 

* Muffs were first invented and worn in France in the rei^n of Louis XIV. , but not 
introduced into England till the reign of Charles II. In 1683 they formed part of the 
winter dress of a well-dressed genUeman as well as that of a lady. In George III.'s 
reign thqr were made of feathers arranged on a silk or satin lining. 

^^ Folding overlays, or ourUt, the French term for hem. A French hem is still used 
in millinery, and signifies that the material is turned up or hemmed on the front of the 
dress, instead of on the under, or wrong side of the material. Stuffs were often manu- 
factured of a different colour on the reverse side, in order that the o*erlay, or ourletf 
should form a sort of trimming. 

^^ Pearling sprig : embroideries or banded trimmings made of small beads of varied 
colours, or of seed-pearls, from the French pcrhf bead, or pearl. 

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Hats, hoods, wires,^ and also Kells (?), 
Washing-baJls,* and perfuming smells, 
French gowns cut, and double-banded. 
Jet rings* to make her pleasant-handed ; 
A fan, a feather, bracelets, gloves. 
All new-come busks * she dearly loves. 

These ' fripperies ' and fashions at last rose to such a pitch that a 
stringent municipal law was passed, first in September 1696, and again 
doubly enforced in August 1698, that the lower classes of citizens were 
not to wear any clothes, stuffs, ribbons, fringes, tracings,* loops, agree- 
ments,* or buttons made of silver, gold thread, wire, or * philagram.' ^ 

This Act met with tremendous opposition and with flagrant disobedi- 
ence, especially, as may be supposed, on the part of the good citizens' 
ladies \ but they had at last to give way to the magisterial authority, en- 
forced, as it was, by thundering anathemas against 'carnal adornment' 
from the pulpit of every kirk in the land. The wording of the enactment 
reminds one forcibly of the old Venetian * sumptuary law,' with its tirades 
against the outrageous extravagance of dress and living shown by the 
citizens of that luxury-loving city in the olden times. To those who wish 
for further light on the lives and individual histories of the worthy mer- 
chants of Picardy Place, I can recommend nothing better, or more curious 
and worthy their perusal, than the quaint old wills preserved in the 
Register House of Edinburgh, where I hope at a future date to continue 
the search I have already commenced. 

I made a careful inspection of all the old churchyards in Edinburgh, 
but failed entirely to find any graves bearing Huguenot names. For such 
information as I have been able to gather together, beyond my own 
personal inquiries and researches, I am greatly indebted to MelvilFs diary, 
Chambers's Domestic Annals^ Calderwood's History^ and various con- 
temporary State records and papers. 

The Collection of Copies of Huguenot mss., which I have great 
pleasure in presenting to our Society as the result of seven weeks* search 
in the Advocates' Library, will explain in detail many points on which 
time and space forbid me to touch. I need only add, for the benefit of 

^ Wires, oftenest styled commodes, which was a frame of wire sometimes two or three 
stories high. This was covered with gay-coloured silks, and fixed firmly by an invisible 
sknil-cap to the wearer's head. They were generally in the form of a pyramid, or tower, 
or steeple. 

' Washing-balls : soap. Hard and soft soaps are said to have been invented by the 
Italians, but Pliny (b. 23 a.d. ; d. 79 A.D.) says soap was known to the Gauls in his 
own time, and was invented by them. 

• Jet rings were formerly worn by fashionables to enhance by their contrast the 
whiteness of their hands, and also from a medicinal point of view, from the idea that jet 
rings preserved the wearer from agues and fevers ! 

^ Busks, or buskins, at this period signified a sort of boot, or coloured leather stocking 
with stiff sole, laced up the front and tied below the knee with ornamental cord and 
tassels. The modern term of busk, a stay bone of whalebone, iron, or wood, is not in- 
tended here. 

• Tracings : embroidered patterns, or trimmings in braid, filigree, or beadwork on 
cloth, or silk, or linen. 

• Agreements ; French, agrhtents : little bunches of ribbons, or knots of silk cord 
and pearls, fixed on the shoulders, cuffs, pockets, or knees of the wearer's dress. 

^ Philagram, otherwise filligree, fiUigrane, fiUigram, or filligreen, from the Latin 
filum and granum, signifying a sort of braiding or trimming made of gold, silver, or 
bronze wire thread, intermixed with grains of tinsel and silk and wool filaments. 

VOL. v. — NO. XIX. H 

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those who may be contemplating a similar research in that ancient abode 
of * Law and Learning/ that they need not give themselves that labour, 
as I have copied out every paper relating to Huguenot matters which the 
Manuscript Collection of that splendid library contains. 

Should I revisit Edinburgh at any future time, I hope to make an ex- 
haustive search, of a like nature, in the sessions papers of the Signet 
Library, and of the Ecclesiastical Court and Register House ; in respect 
to which latter place I wish also to record, in conclusion, my grateful 
thanks to Dr. Dickson for his kindness and courtesy in the assistance he 
oflTered me, and also to the Rer. Dr. Christie, of Gilmerton (near Edin- 
burgh), Keeper of the Library of the General Assembly, in the Tolbooth 
Church on Castle Hill. Florence Layard. 

320. Extracts from Culross Kirk-Session Records. — 

1 63 1, 30 Jan. — The said day it was havelie regrated by the minister 
that the west kirk yaird dykes were not yett repaired as had often tyme 
been resolvit and enjoyned befoir and that the kirke treasrie was burdened 
ther w' to much unless remedie was used in tyme and a way sett dewly 
q'by all such as had thrugh stounes might furnish monie for suplie and per- 
fecting of that work and some dynt up poynted for y' one ylk was th5t 

1 63 1, 18 Sept. — The sessione caused delyvar to Andro Pullo distressed 
and spoyled Shipper of Pettin Wayme of charitable support, 13. 13. 4. 

1632, I Jan. — Ordained a price of satisffaction to be taken for the use 
of the new velvett mort cloth when ever it should be sought, viz. : — If 
any outland or not paroichinar should procure the samen the pryce 61bs. 
i3sh. 4d. But if a tounis man 31b. 

1632, 22 April. — It was ordained that if any man his horse, kow or 
beast shul be found either by night or by day eating grace in either of 
kirk yairds both west kirk yaird and abay kirk yaird, the maister was to 
pay ad prod, usum 8sh., and for this cause this Dykes be repaired w^ 

1633, 29 April. — Proclamation to be published at the cross, that all 
flechars or cadgers of or Sellares of fishe upon a Sondaye should be 
punished in the purse or bodie and the fishe taken and givin to the poor. 

1633, ^7 April. — Playarsat the goffe were givin to the Sessione playing 
in tyme of sermone viz Ro* Gray Ro* Primrose W" Jusse and John Sandes 
in Sandes. 

1633, 30 August. — (Persons at odds being aggried) were ordained for 
the collection of Almes at the Comunon Patrick Keir and Andrew Gibson. 
Next for the toakenes Mr. Edward Blair and Castle Hill. Third for the 
bread Gilbert Gowrley, James Aykin ; fourthe for distributing the wyne 
Rob foret John Turcan &'. 

1635, 19 March. — [An event took place] 15 days after Bartle his daye. 

1635, 28 June. — An act was first ordained to be published be the 
magistrates at the marcet cross upon a Saturday following before noone 
w' touch of drum. 

1636, 17 Jan. — Peter du Peel for breaking of the Sabbath day. 

1637, 6 Aug. — Ther is appointed this day to be given to Alex' 
Sutherland Sc. (Schoolmaster ?) he having care of y* psalme the zeir by 
gane 2olib 

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1637, I Oct — ^This day wes propond the fear that we wer in about 
the Service book now intruding and urging against all order and w' all 
full of supersticn and poperie and that o&ers allreidie wer troubled for 
the same. It wes therefore agreed upon for to give in a supplicac in name 
of this parioch to the counsell against the said book. 

1637, 14 Oct — The session frequentlie convened did deliberat q^ wes 
most expedient to be done anent the matter of this service book since 
ther wes a counsel! day next week following q' upon it wes resolved that 
for the land ther sould goe to Ed' to attend the counsell ther for this 
busines as comissiners from the said parish Sir Jhon Preston of Valeyfield, 
Ro' Bruce of Blairhall and M' Da. Gourlay to joyne w' others in giving in 
supplicSLn and using any other means in thar wisdom that should be found 
expedient q' with all w* on consent agreed right willinglie. 

1637, 23 Oct — This day report wes made be the minister and 
commissioners with the Session that a giiall supplied wes drawen and given 
in be all that were ther in £d' in name of those of whom they had ther 
commcn wheroff wer all glad and gave ther aprobn. It was farther 
declared to them that it wes tho' meet the said supplicn suild be sub- 
scrybed perticularlie in every parish and the copie of the said supplicaft 
was written onder qlk wes sent to the counsell 18 of Oct^ 1637 and 
printed be the session and wes subscrybed be all. 

1638, II March — This day the session appoint ther Commissiones to 
concurre w* the presbytrie for . . . of the Covenant of the land according 
as was appointed be the Cur. (?) in Ed' Commissioners for the land M' 
Jhon Ersicine of balgounie Sir Jhon Preston of Valeyfield Ro' Bruce of 
blairhall, for the town Jh Haliday Arch** Anderson and Ro* Forret clerk. 

1638, Sept 16.— This day it was proposed to the Session, anent the 
ordd agried upon in Ed' that Commissioners sal be sent from every ses- 
sion of Presbyteries to sitt ther w' the ministers and to assist for choosing 
commissioners for a gfia" assemblie as the only remede for settling all the 
troubles and confusion in the Kirk of God in this land, at this tyme all 
the laves layd this emission on Sir George Prestone to goe to the pres- 
byterie of Dunfermling for the the effect forsaid. 

1638, Oct 7. — Ord' this day for this Kirkyeard that if any horse 
found en it be poinded be the Kirk officer. 

No meeting between 6 November 1638 and 

1639, Jan. I. — The reason of this long intermission of the session wes 
the Minister's absence in attending the assemblie of Glasgow. 

1639, July, 7.— Or any other, he shall sitt at the cross on a markelt 
day w' the branks on his head. 

1640, Dec. 5. — The quilk day a supplication wes given in be my 
Lord of Culross, Johne Mastertone of Grainge, and Katherine Prestone, 
relict of umqu* Robert Bruce of Blairhall, desiring the concurrence of the 
session for building of a brige which was willingly grantit to them. 

1640, Dec. 18. — James Millar his wyfe gave in a supplicatione for 
sum helpe because hir goodman was in the campe. 

1640, Dec. 22.— Ane act was produced from the presbetery agamst 
keeping of festivell dayes, and especially Zuile day. 

1642, April 6. —[Extract from Act passed at Synod at Cupar.] ' Lyke- 
wyse y* all those who superstitiously cary the dead about the kirk befor 
buriall, as also the buryng of unbaptised bairns apart, be taken notice off.' 

1642, July 10,— Isobel Cursone a distressed woman from Yrland 

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borne w*in this towne gave in a bill desyring some helpe to convoy hir 
to England w' her husband and bairns, where she may find hir calling, 
to receave 4 dollars. 

1642, Dec. 27. — Sir John Erskine of Balgouny chosen elder. 

1642, Feb. 14. — A dolar to be givene to Gene (? Eugene) Krik [or 
Kirk] ane gentlman from Yrland. 

1643, May 20. — Because that now some women of the land [/>. land- 
ward part of the parish] were takene suspect of sorcerie and witchcraft 
the toun [asks the co-operation of the gentlemen in the matter.] 

Marjorie Thomsone now in firmanc for witchcraft. 

Elspet Shearear, in Kincairn [Ditto]. 

1643, May 28. — George Baveritch in Balgouny [and others to give 
evidence concerning Marion (sic) Thomsone]. 

1643, J^^c 5- — Margt. Kentestone, witch, Marjorie Burges, witch, fled 
to Stirling. 

1643, July 16. — Valentine Comieand, painter [to wash the kirk walls]. 

The ministerand sessione ordains that toun and land per vices shall 
attend the watching of the witches in toune or land. 

1643, Sept. 17. — Jonet Buzie suspect of witchcraft. 

1644, March 3. — The minister desyring that some might be apoynted 
for gathering in of what wes willingly givene for Mr. George Balfrage 
[some were so appointed]. 

1644, March 23. — Emmy Eizat accused of drinking with Dutchmen in 
tyme of service. 

1644, June 30. — The witnesses concerning Adam Donaldson, his 
business, were examined and imprimis John Ure deponed that Adam 
Donaldson sd to him he coft a cow at a tyme in Dunbleaine faire, and 
brought her to his house, but she could give no milk and purposing to 
take her bak to the place wher she came from. By the way he met with 
a woman, who asked him wher he was going. He answered as befor. 
The woman said, goodman ye need not be so hastie, tak hir bak againe and 
put a piece of rantle tree onder hir taill and say thryse on y' knees. Lord 
Jesus send me milk, which he did accordingly and the cow gave milk in 
abundance. He confessed that ever since to this tyme he had rantle tree 
onder his kines tell. 

John Henderson examined anent the premises deponit that he baid 
him when he was to buy a cou lead hir home himselve milk hir himselve 
and drink the milk himselve and all the divells in hell should not have 
pouer over him. And if he wer to buy a horse the first south running water 
he came to to light of with the horse hinder feete in the water and tak up 
a handfull of sand out of the water and three severall tymes straik the horse 
back from his forret to his shoulders and then to his taill and all the evell 
spirits should not have power to wrong his horse in knee nor thighs. 

1645, 12 May. — The minister shew a letter to the Session from the 
armie for M' George Balfrage desyring he might w* all diligence come 
upe to the laird of Srylands regiment which behoved to be obeyed and ther- 
fore the busines concerning his admission to lay off till his retume which 
the Session thought reasonable. 

1645, 19 May. — Sir John Erskine protested that M' George Balfrage 
forth going to the armie should be no wyse prejudicial! to those whom the 
presentatione concerned and his forth going nt the time should contribute 
nothing to his admission to this place. 

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1645, 29 June. — ^This day a testificatione was produced to the session 
from the niinister and elders of Aberdour declaring that W" Andersons 
marriage with Marg^ Wanane was so long delayed be reasone he was taken 
one the sea by robbers. 

After entry of date 10 Aug. 1645 is written in large hand — 

During this inter missione / The plaige was havie / upon our toune. 

The next meeting was held 7 Jan. 1646. 

A Few Extracts from Culross Church Accounts 1629— 

1629, 10 May. — to ane frenshe schollar 2 dollars. 

1630, 17 Oct. — Collected at the marriage of Dame Nicola Bruce with 
M' John Dick, wlk was the 13 of October 1630, 20 lib 8 sh. 

1631, 25 Feb. — Departes this lyfe our revered Pastor of verthiest 
niemorie M' Robert Colvile. 

1632. — For the wine to the Comii. 21 lib. 

Item to Edward Blair for bread to the Comii. 8 lib 8 sh. 

1632, 8 April. — Item collected at the marriage of James Bad, younger 

1^32, 3 June. — Item Alex' Rose with Anable Watsone made repent- 
ances of whom Andro Brand received a Suedish dolar 18 sh for her 
penaltie, were married after noon. 

i^S^f 5 June. — Marriage of James Home. 

1632, 12 June. — Marriage of James Sands. 

1633, 13 Aug. — Marriage of W"* Cowie. 

1642, 20 Feb. — Marriage of Balbougy (Robert Dempster see K.S.R. 
24 Dec 1641). 

1642, 3 Dec. — Baptized to William Bentaink a bairne callit Margrit. 
James Blair and Recherd Chrystie [witnesses.] 

1643, 27 Aug. — Bessie Gray relict of umqu* John Sands. 

1643, 21 Dec— Marriage of Marg* Bruce. 

1644, 31 March. — Item [collected] be Patrick Rowane for the basone 
for helpe to those who have ther husbands in the fields (i.e. camp) 31. 12. o. 

1648, 3 Jan. — Item [received] from Pat Toscheoke when he went to 
sea I. 7. o. 

321. The Ross Family {continued from page 66). — ^Walter Ross, 
eighth Earl of Balnagown (15).— (Correction.) — In a pedigree compiled 
by George Craufurd in 1729, it is stated that Walter married Mary, 
daughter of the Laird of Grant ; in the Pitcalnie ms. pedigree she is called 
Margaret. In the fragment written by David Ross, fifteenth of Balnagown 
{Chronicle of the Earls of Ross), he states that his ancestor married 
Marion, daughter to the Laird of Grant and Freuchin, now of that Ilk. 
She was probably daughter to John Grant, second of Freuchie (not, as 
previously by error stated, Sir John James Grant of Grant), who died 
ist May 1528 {Chiefs of Grant, Fraser). She married secondly, as third 
wife, Rorie Mor M'Kenzie, first of Achiltie, by whom, with two daughters, 
she had a son, Rorie Beg, grandfather to Janet M'Kenzie, who married 
Donald Ross of Torrenliah, of the Logy family {Genealogical Tables of 
the Clan APKenzie, Sheet 5). This Rorie Beg, with the three sons by 

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Ii8 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the first wife, and one son by the second wife, obtained letters of legitima- 
tion, as ' sons natural of the late Roderick M'Kenzie,' under the Great 
Seal{xxyl 278, xxviii. 252), dated ist July 1539, and i6th March 1541-42. 
The cause of their illegitimacy is not stated. 

Extracts from the Registers of some of the Scotch Regiments 
IN the service of Holland, preserved in the Archief der 
Gemeente, Rotterdam. 

Regiment of General Colyear. Children born. Baptized by Mr. 
Charles Campbell 

1734. Deer. 22d, James John, son of Francis Ross, and Anna Maria, 
souldier, in Lieut.-Col. Halcett*s Compy. — at Veuren. 

1736. Novr. 2d, Bapt. the 4th, Anna, daughter of Robert Ross and Nanon 

, souldier in Capt. Boyd's Compy. — at Ipre. 

1737. March 20th, Bapt. the 23d, Katrien Ross, daughter of Francis 

Ross and Anna Maria Ross, corporal in CoL Harcet's Compy. 
— ^at Ipre. 

1742. August 4th, Bapt. the 5th, James, son of the deceased Ross, and 
Nanon Ross, in his lifetime soldier in Capt. Lockhart's Compy., 
was holden up by William Frasser, the said Robert Ross, his 
good son, who took the vows upon him as father for the upbring- 
ing and education of the child — at Namur. 

1747. Deer. 1 6th, Bapt. the i8th, George, son to James Ross, soldier 
in Capt. Orroch*s Compy., and Mary McLean, his wife — at 

1763. Born Novr. i6th at Nymegen, Alexander, son to William Mackaj, 
corporal of the 2d Battalion of Colonel Gordon's Regiment, 
and in Capt. Hume's Compy., and his spouse £liz. Ross, was 
bapt. the i8th by the Rev. Mr. Alex. Pitcarne, minister to the 
said Regiment 

Mungo, son to Donald Ross, grenadier in 
Coll. Houston's Company of the Second Battallion of Major- 
General Gordon's Regiment, was born at Maastricht, Feby. the 
2oth, 1772, and baptized the 25th by Mr. Alex. Pitcarne. 

Robertina, daughter to Donald Ross, 
grenadier, was born at Venlo, July the 20th, 1777, and 
baptized the 24th by Mr. Alex. Pitcarne. 

Register of Col. Stuart's Regiment. — Bom and baptized at Ipres. 
1768. July 31st, Rodrich, son to Alexander and Catharina Ross. 

1768. July 31st, Alida, daughter to George Ross and Johanna Ross. 

1769. Sept. 3d, Joris, son to George Ross and Johanna Ross. 

Register of Lieut.-Gen. Murray's Regiment. 
Bommel, Nov. 30th, 1747, William Ross, Sergt. of Capt. Thomas 
Mackenzie's Comp., contracted with Willemine de Wert, step- 
daughter to James Cavallier, Drum-Major of ColL Majoribank's 
Regt., before these witnesses, Sergt. John Fraser, and Alex. 
Murray, soldier of Coll. Mackay's Compy. Married the 19th 

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3oininel, Feby. loth, 1748. Magnus Ross, soldier of Major-General 
Majoribank's Compy., contracted with Margaret Brefa. Witnesses, 
William Forbess, corpl., and Andrew Williamson, soldier of 
Capt Tye Mackay*s Comp. Married the 27 ditto. 

Register of Major-General Mackay's Regiment. 

Isabel, daughter to John Ross, suttler in Major-General Murray's Regt. 

and Willemyne Ballfoor, was bapt at Courtray, Deer. 1 7th, 1 708. 

Robert, son to James Ross, aid major of Courtray, Anna Margaretha 

Prieur, was bapt. in Courtray, August 28th, 1713. 
Danie Ross, son to Lieut. James Ross, of Lt.-Gen. Murray's Regt., aid 
major in Courtray, and Anna Margaret Prieur, was bapt. in 
Courtray, May 17th, 171 5. 
Donal, son to David Ross, soldier of Coll. Cunningham's Comp. of Lt.- 
Genl. Murray's Regt., and Margaret Wright, was bapt. in Ipres, 
Septr. loth, 1716. 
Kathren Ross, daughter to Lt James Ross, of Lt.-Genl. Murray's Regt., 
and Anna Margareta Prieur, was baptized in Ipre, Deer. 29th, 
John, son to Capt. Ross of Coll. Cunningham's Comp., and Anna 

Margaret Prieur, was baptized at Ipre, March 28th, 17 19. 
Ann, daughter to David Ross, soldier of Coll. Cuningham's Comp., and 

Margaret Wright, was bapt. at Tournay, Octr. 31st, 1720. 
William, son to James Ross, Capt. of Coll. Cuningham's Regt., and 
Anna Margaret Prieur, was bapt in Tournay, Deer. 26th, 1721. 
William, son to David Ross, soldier of Lt.-ColL Cuningham's Comp. of 
Coll. Cuningham's Regt., and Margaret Wright, was bapt. in 
Namur, May 8th, 1722. 
Alex. Ross, son to James Ross, Capt. of Coll. Cuningham's Regt, and 
Ann Margaret Prieur, was baptized in Namur, Septr. i8th, 1724. 
James, son to David Ross, soldier, and Mary Wright, was bapt in 

Tournay, May 26th, 1725. 
George, son to Capt James Ross of Coll. Cuningham's Regt, and Anna 

Margaret Prieur, bapt in Tournay, Deer. 20th, 1726. 
Robert, son to David Ross, soldier, and Margaret Wright, bapt. in Breda, 
May 13th, 1729. Witnesses John Mackay and Donald Mackay. 
James, son to Alex. Ross, soldier of Major Majoribanks Comp., and Helen 

Cluness, baptized in Venlo, July i6th, 1733. 
William, son to Alex. Ross, and Helen Junes, bapt in Herzogenbosch, 
1737, Aug. 31. Witnesses Duncan MacGregor and Angus 
Kathren, daughter to David Ross, soldier of Capt Ross' Comp., and 
Herminie van der Laer, bapt in Tournay, Novr. 25th, 1737. 
Witnesses Hugh Munro and William Ross. 
John, son to Alex. Ross, and Helen luness, bapt. in Tournay, Deer, nth, 

. ^739- 
Francis, son to Alex. Ross and Ellen Junes, bapt in Meenen, Novr, i8th, 

1742. Witnesses David Ross and Duncan MacGregor. 
Isabel Ross, daughter to William Ross, soldier of Capt. Ross' Comp., 

and Francise Murray, bapt. in Meenen, Jany. 27th, 1743. 

Witness David Ross, soldr. 

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William, son to Alex. Ross and Ellen Junes, bapt. in Ash, Octr. 13th, 

1743- Witness Angus Mackay. 
David, son to William Ross, soldier of Capt. Ross Comp., baptized in Ash, 

Octr. 16th, 1743. 
Katheren, daughter to Alex. Ross, soldier, and Hellen Junes, bapt. in 

Mons, the 2 2d. Witness Angus Mackay. 
John, son to David Ross, soldier of Capt. Macalester's Comp., and Elisa 

Werr, bapt. July 3d, 1746. Witnesses John Ross and Alex. 

Ross, soldiers of Coll. Majoribanks. 
Francis, son to William Ross, capt. arms of Capt. Mackenzie's Comp., 

and Francise Murray, bapt. in Maastricht, Deer. 28th, 1716. 

Witnesses Sergt. John Fraser and Alex. Ross. 
Janet, daughter to Geo. Ross, soldier of Capt. Mackenzie's Comp., and 

Elisabeth Ross, bapt. in Boramel, March 6th, 1748. 
Philip, son to Malcom Ross, grenadier of Gen. Majoribank's Comp., and 

Anne de Jong, his spouse, bapt. in Toumay, Octr. 6th, 1754. 
George, son to James Ross, soldier of Capt. Gordon's Comp., and 

Catharine van Schoonhoven, his spouse, bapt. at Tournay, June 

15th, 1755- 
David, son to William Ross, sergt in Coll. Thomson's Comp., and Wille- 

menta du Vert, his spouse, bapt at Toumay, Aug. 17th, 1755. 
John, son to David Ross, grenadier of Coll. Mackay's Company, and 

Mary Exelmans, his spouse, bapt. at Toumay, March 20th, 

Alexander, son to Alex. Ross, soldier of Major Bruce's Company, and 

Mary Kathrine Hoofman, his spouse, bapt. at Nymegen, April 

loth, 1757. 
Francientie, daughter to Sergt. William Ross of Capt. Alex. Mackinzie's 

Comp., and Willementy du Vert, his spouse, bapt at Breda, 

March 27th, 1759. Witness Sergt John Ross. 
Janet, daughter to Malcom Ross of General Majoribanks and Johanna 

de Jong, his spouse, bapt at Breda, June 29th, 1759. Witness 

Donald Ross. 
Hugh, son to David Ross, of Coll. Mackay's Comp., and Mary van 

Eglemans, his spouse, baptized in Breda, March loth, 1760. 

Witness William Ross. 
Jane, daughter to Alex. Ross, soldier of Major Bruce's Comp., and Mary 

Kathrine Hoofman, his spouse, bapt in Breda, May 12th, 1760. 

Witness Sergt. Ross. 
Jean, daughter to William Ross and Willemyntie du Vert, bapt at 

Nymegen, Novr. 27th, 1761. 
William, son to John Ross, Corpl. in General Majoribank's Comp., and 

Mary Nagel, his spouse, bapt at Nymegen, Novr. 30th, 1761. 

Witness Alex. Ross. 
John, son to David Ross, of Coll. Mackay's Comp., and Mary Beebenaus, 

his spouse, bapt at Nymegen, Octr. 23d, 1762. Witness Sergt 

William Ross. 
Henry, son to John Ross, Corpl. of General Majoribank's Company, and 

Mary Nagel, his spouse, bapt at Nymegen, Deer. 27th, 1762. 

Witness William Ross. 
John, son to Alexander Ross, of Maj. Bruce's Comp., and Maria Kathrine 

Hoofman, his spouse, bapt. at Nymegen, March ist, 1764. 

Witness Sergt John Ross. 

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David, son to John Ross, corporal, and Mary Nagel, bapt. at Namur May 

25th, 1764. Witnesses James Ross and David Ross. 
George, son to David Ross of Coll. Mackay's Comp. and Maria Engle- 

mans, his spouse, bapt. at Namur March 29th, 1765. Witnesses 

William Ross and George Ross. 
Janet, daughter to George Ross, soldier of Major Mackay's Comp., and 

Johanna Frauleen, bapt. at Sluis, Jany. 12th, 1767. 
Anne Ross, daughter to William Ross, Corpl of General Mackay's Com- 
pany, and Elisabeth Ross, his spouse, bapt at Toumay July 8th, 

1767. Witnesses Sergts. John Mackay and John Ross. 
Thomas, son to Sergt. John Ross, of General Marjoribanks' Comp., and 

Mary Nae, bapt. at Tournay April 5th, 1768. 
Elisabeth, daughter to Sergt. William Ross, of Major Mackay's Company, 

and Willementa Ross, bapt. at Ipre April 17th, 1768. Witnesses 

Sergt. John Cameron and David Ross. 
Mary, daughter to John Ross, Sergt. of General Majoribanks' Comp., and 

Mary Nagel, bapt. at Tournay July 2 2d, 1769. 
Joris, son to George Ross and Johanna Ross, bapt. 31 Septr. 1769. 
Roderick, son to Alex. Ross and Catharina Ross, bapt. the 31 July 1768 

at Ipres. 
Alida, daughter to Alex. Ross and Hanna Ross, bapt. the 30 July 1768 

at Ipres. 
John, son to John Ross and Mary Nagel, bapt. at Tournay the nth of 

Feby. 17 71. 
Jannet, daughter to George Ross, in Major Mackay's Company, and 

Johanna Ross, bapt. at Ipres 19 Deer. 1771. 
William, son to John Ross, sergeant in General Majoribanks Company, 

and Mary Nagel, bapt. at Toumay the 30th June 1772. 
Donald and George, twins, and sons to George Ross, soldier in Major 

Mackay's Company, and to Joanna Krantz, bapt. at Ipres the 4th 

of April 1774. 
John, son to William Ross, soldier in Lieut. -Gen. Mackay's Company, and 

Elisabeth Ross, bapt. at Ipres the 9th of June 1774. Witnesses 

William Ross, sergeant, and Walter Ross, Captain-at-arms. 
Isabel, daughter to Sergt. John Ross, of Capt. Erskine's Company, and 

Mary Nagel, bapt. at Nymegen Octr. 9th, 1776. 
Amoldus, son to William Ross, soldier, and Elisabeth Ross, his spouse, 

bapt on the ist Feby. 1778 at Nymegen. Witness Amoldus 

Theodora Frederica, daughter to John Ross, sergeant in Captain Erskine's 

Company, and Mary Nagel, bapt. at Bergen op Zoom, Novr. 2 2d 

Francis, son to John Ross, sergeant in Colonel Erskine's Company, and 

Maria Nagel, bapt. 6 June 1782 at Maastricht. 
Beatrix, daughter to Amold Ross, soldier in Colonel Mercer's Comp., and 

to Hes Rogers, bapt. i8th of Aug. 1782 at Maastricht 
Omission — ^James, son to James Ross and Anna Margaretha Prieur, was 

bapt in Courtray, August 28th 1713. 

Extracts from State Archives at the Hague. 

Alexr. Ross Ensign in Compy. of Lt.-Col. Joshua van Beest, in the 
1706 Regt of Major-Genl. Colyar. 

no further notice of him. 

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William Ross 


Lt. 1732 

Robbert Ros 

Robbert Ross 

James Ross 


James Ross 

Mar. 1 719 

July 1 7 19 

George Ross 


David Ross 



Walter Ross 


Ensign-Lieut. Compy. of Capt Thos. Nisbeth in Regt 
of Col. Halket. 
dead in 1729. 
Surgeon, Regt. of Gen. Major Colyar. 

Provost-Marshall, Regt. of General Major Murray. 

Lieut., same Regt 

Capt. Lieut, Regt. of Col. Cuninghame. 


Had been pensioned. 

Under-Lieut, Co. of Capt MTherson in Regt. of CoL 

Dimitted at his request. Duncan Munrow succeeded him 
as Lieut. 

Ensign in newly-recruited Co. of Scots by Capt Gra- 

Lieut. Captain, Regt. of Col. Majoribanks. 

Adjutant in Regt. of Gen. Major Mackay. 

Ensign, Co. of Capt. J. A. Mahony, Regt. of CoL 

Lieut Takes oath. 

The Male Representative of Hugh Ross of Rarichies (8), and 
Chief of the Family. 

The legitimate male descent of Balnagown having terminated in David 
Ross (20), thirteenth laird, Malcolm Ross (25), fifth of Pitcalnie, became 
chief of the family. On the death of George Ross (37), tenth laird, in 
1884, the male descent again failed. It must be here noted that it has 
been impossible to trace the history of George (32), the second son, and 
of the third son, whose name does not appear, of Alexander Ross (24), 
fourth of Pitcalnie, and of James (29), Charles (30), and Angus (31), sons 
of the fifth laird, some of whom certainly lived to attain to man's estate. 
Failing all these, and supposing that Mister Nicholas (40), son of David (22), 
second of Pitcalnie, left no legitimate issue, the chief of the family must 
be sought for among the descendants of Malcolm Ross of Kindeace (41). 
It has been shown that Malcolm had seven sons. 

I. William, his heir in Kindeace (42). 

a. David of Inverchasley (50). 

3. Malcolm, merchant in Inverness and Tain (63). 

4. Thomas of Calrossie (64). 

5. Alexander (69). 

6. Nicholas (70). 

7. John (71). 

1. William. His male descent apparently terminated in Lieutenant 
James Ross (48), who died unmarried. But of his uncle Hugh (46), 
Lieutenant of Marines, very little is known : he was rather a burden to 
his relatives, and may have left legitimate descendants. 

2. David, of Inverchasley. His direct male descent terminated in 

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Charles Ross (57) in 1836 ; but also in this branch there is one to be 
accounted for, Malcolm (62), burgess of Tain, son to the first laird.^ 

3. Malcolm had certainly one son Thomas (65), who inherited Cal- 
rossie, and whose male descent appears to be extinct. In the Key Chart 
by error he appears as son to Thomas (64). Malcolm may have had 
other sons. 

4. Thomas apparently had no children. 

5. Alexander (69), grocer at Copenhagen, left an only daughter. 

6. Nicholas (70): nothing seems to be known about him after 1695, 
when he would be about thirty-four. Very probably he may have followed 
his brother's example, and sought his fortune in foreign parts, either in 
Denmark or Sweden. 

7. John (71) died before 1695, probably aged between twenty and 
thirty. He is only named in a Sasine i6th May 1695. 

Failing all the above, the descendants of Hugh (73) (if any), son of 
Walter Ross (15^, eighth of Balnagown would stand next, and then the 
male representative of Alexander Ross of Little Tarrell (i). 

(To be continued,) 
322. Scots in Sweden (continued from page 77). — 

Hackerskold, en. 1686. — Descended from Thomas Hacker, an English- 
man, bom 1 61 5. Preacher in Goteberg. 

Haij. — Alexander Hay, entered Swedish service 1600. His grandson, 
Erick Henry, was ennobled. 

Hamilton, en. 1651. — Ludwig, Hugo, and John, sons of Malcolm, Arch- 
bishop of Cashel (descended from Claude, Lord Paisley, third son of 
James, fourth Duke of Chatelheralt), served Gustavus in 1624 as 
common soldiers. From them descend the Counts Hamilton, the 
Barons of Deserf and Hageby. Hugo returned to England and was 
created, 1660, Baron Lenally (/. P.), 

Hermelen, Scragge-. — A Scots. His descendant Charles created baron. 

Hogg, en. 1689. — Now extinct. In the civil service. 

Hopken, Anders John. — Was ennobled 1761. Descended from an English 
family that fled to Bremen in the reign of Queen Mary. 

Irving, en. 1647. — George Irvine, Laird of TuUoch, came to Sweden. 

Jennings, en. 1742. — Francis Jennings — a Somersetshire family — ^an Irish 
merchant, finally settled in Sweden. 

Jordan, en. 1680. — Edward Jordan had a grant of lands 1623. 

King, of Bannock, en. 1672. — David King married Maria^ daughter of 
Adam Stewart, natural son of James v. and Prior of Perth. Had issue 
David and John. Both settled in Sweden. 

Kinnemond, en. 1650. — Patrick, son of William Kinnemond of that Ilk. 

Kmninmundt,en.i68o. — JohnKinninmundt, merchant in Stockholm 1629. 

^ William Ross (156), styled of Shandwick, writing from Edinburgh, l6th June 
I737» t^ his brother-in-law, Bailie Donald Ross, at Tain, says :— * D'. S'.— I came 
here on Thursday last, on post-horses from London q^ I left Hugh (157) very well, 
and who bids you giye his service to all friends, as I Doe ; in particular Tell Inver- 
chaslay that his Cous, Gustavus Ross, is at London w^ Hugh, and ordinarly passes for 
bis son. He 's a prettie promiseing young gentleman, and likelv to do very well. ; . •' 
The above Hugh Ross of Kerse, and h«Ld of a mercantile house at Gottenburg and 
in London, found employment for many of his relatives. In the family letters there is 
no iuither mention of him, neither is his Will to be found in Somerset House, among 
the many Wills of Rosses who died in foreign parts. 

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Klercker, en. 1788. — No information. 

Klerker, Carl. — Descended from Reinhold Klerck, merchant at Ystad 

1660. Ennobled. 
Lagerbjelke, Piper (Fistulator). — A Scotsman, settled at Gote- 

berg, en. 1698. Three branches of the family. Counts Piper, Pipers 

of Lovencrone and of Goteberg. 
Lagergren, en. 1647. — Jo^n Laren, son of a Scots priest Colonel in 

Swedish service. 
I^erstrom^ en. 1691. — Of the same family. 
Laurin, en. 1678. — No information. 
I^uw, en. 1680. — Francis Law. No information. 
Leijel, en. 1717. — Jacob Leyell of Aberbrek came with two brothers to 

Sweden 1638. Merchants. Jacob married Margaret Eden, and died 

1678. The daughter of the grandson of Henry, youngest brother of 

Jacob, lived in Bourne, County Cambridge, and married John, fourth 

Earl of Delawarr. 
Lenck, en. 1649.— James Lenck, born 1578. Killed in battle. 
Lichton. — John Lighton, killed 1633. A Scots soldier. The family was 

ennobled 1686. 
Lindsfeldt, en. 17 17. — John Hylton, of Berwick, nephew of Helen Lind- 

ley, wife of Colonel Muschamp (bom 1580), went with them to 

Sweden 1632. Was a merchant. 
Liwesten, en. 1668. — George Livingston of Krycksridy (?), of good 

lineage, died 1666. Captain of a regiment. 
Mackenzie of Macleod, en. 1756. — John Mackenzie of Macleod, born 

1726, after Culloden fled to Sweden, returned to England, and died, 

1789, in India, unmarried. 
Maclean. — John, son of the Laird of Dowat, came to Sweden 1639. 

Created an English baronet 1650. The last baron died s.p, 1816. 
Mannerstam, en. 1805. — John Wislow, a Scotsman. 
Maule, en. 1782. — James Maule, of Glittne, County Kincardine. 
MauU, en. 17 16. — Said to be a branch of the Panmure family. 
Mel, en. 1664. — Robert Maule of Craigie married Catherine Spens. 

Went to Dieppe. John, a descendant in Swedish service. Old 

pedigree extant 
Montgomery, en. 1736. — Robert Montgomery, born 1647. Married Maria 

Clerk. Had twenty-one children. Interesting. 
Murray, en. 1810. — ^John Murray, bom 1665. 
Myhr, en. 1680. — James Muir, a Scotsman, came to Sweden time of 

James in. 
Netherwood, en. 1649. — No information. 
Nisbeth, en. 1664. — William Nisbet of Rochill was in 1596 colonel of an 

Upland regiment. 
Ogilvie, en. 1642. — Patrick, son of the Laird of Balgay, bom 1606. 
Orcharton, en. 1664. — John Orcharton. Died a colonel 1679. 
Philp, en. 1638. — William Philp, styled Laird of Fingask and Largo, 

came to Sweden 1624. Married a daughter of Andrew Wood, of 

Pistolkers, en. 1645. — George Scott came to Sweden 1600. 
Primrose, en. 1650. — ^John Primrose, merchant of Stockholm, proved his 

descent Allowed to retain his name and arms of his family. 
Qvanten. — A family dating from time of James in. 

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Ramsay, en. 1634. — John Ramsay, whose mother was Janet Lindsay of 

Edzel, came to Sweden 1577. 
Ramsay. — Jacob Ramsay, brother to Viscount Haddington (late Earl of 

Holdemesse), went to Sweden 16 14. 
Robertson, ea 1635. — ^James, son of Patrick Robertson of Showam, came 

to Sweden 1615. A doctor. 
Robsam, en. 181 8. — James Robson, bearing a 'turnip' on his shield, 

fled from Scotland in Queen Mary's reign. 
Robson, en. 1819. — Same family and history. Arms, 'a turnip enriched 

with leaves.' 
Ronnow, en. 1761. — Casten Ronnow, son of Magnus Dunbar a Scots 

Rooke, en. 1776. — No information. 
Rosentwist, en. 1695. — Jo^^^ Twist came from England. 
Rosenschmit, en. 1640. — Peter Smith, born 15 . . , came from Scotland. 
Scott, en. 1650. — James Scott. No information. 
Seton, en. 1785. — No information. 
Sindaor. — David and John Sinclair, a branch of Lord Sinclair's family^ 

left Scotland in Cromwell's time. Ennobled 1655. 
Silverstolpe, en. 1751. — Descended from Andrew Mascall, a fugitive for 

religion in i6th century. 
Sjolow, en. 1660. — Owen Cox in 1659. 

Skraggenskjold. — Descended from Craigie. 

Spaldencrentz, en. 1678. — John, son of George Spalding and Helena 

Ogilvy, married Joanna Kinnaird — was in Goteberg 1667. 
Stewarat, en. 1634. — Simon Stewart, said to be sixth in descent from John 

Stewart, Lord of Darnley and Renfrew, died 1646. 
Stuart, John, son of John Stuart of Ochiltree, went to Sweden — was at 

Warbei^ 1565. Ennobled before 1604. 
Teit, en. 1652. — Said to have come from Pemo in Scotland, 1249 (^'^)' 
Tharmoth, en. 1697. — No information. 
Thomson, en. 1642. — Thomas, son of William Thomson and Ann Stuart, 

colonel 1629, married Catherine Murray. 
Tressenburg. — Andrew Currij, bom 15 . . No information. 
Udnie, en. 1647. — Peter Udnie from Aucterwellan, Co. Aberdeen, came 

to Sweden 1634. 
Urqvard, en. 1648. — John of Cromartie. No information. 
Walker, en. 1720. — David Walker, a Merchant of Gefie, time of James in. 
Wright, en. 1772. — Came from Scotland time of Cromwell. 
Wairdlaw, en. 1680. — George of Pitreavie, born 1600, married Ann 

Forbes from Aberdeen. Title extinct. 
Willemsens, en. 1680. Magnus Gabriel procured proofs from Scotland 

Wudd, en. 1649. — Richard Wood, bom 15 . . 

List op English and Scottish Nobles who nevkr took their seats 
IN the Riddarhus. 

Adam. Crook. 

Campbell, Colin, 1731.* Coote.^ 

Campbell, Hugh, 1736.* Cutler. 

^ Foreign traders. ' Mathew, son of John Coote, a merchant, circa 1615. 

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126 The Scottish Antiquary ; 









Erskein, 1652. 






Gray, Andrew.^ 




Hamilton, Malcolm, 1664.2 







Sadler, Phillip, 1640 


Salmon, 1745. 


Smith, 1574. 










Young, 1776. 

Morgan, 1720. 

323. FiSHER-FOLK SPELLS. — G. H. Kinahan, writing in the Athentzum 
(27th Sept. 1890), states: *In a few seaside localities, especially south- 
east Ireland, the fires are lit on June 29th, it being the eve of St. Peter's 
and St. Paul's Day — the first being the patron of the fishermen.' 

Mr. Cramond in the Church of Speymouth gives the following quotation 
from the Kirk-session Records: — '1664, May 15. — It is ordained that 
non cast fire into their nets, and if any should do they should be censured 
as charmers.' 

324. Tomb of Sir James Ewat.— In Grail church is a slab of which 
a sketch is given. It formerly was on the floor, but now has been placed 
for better protection against the wall. It is interesting as being one of 
the last monuments erected to pre-reformation priests, very probably indeed 
no other exists in Britain of later date. There seem sufficient reasons for 
believing it to be the memorial of * Sir James Ewat,* one of the Clergy of 
Crail Collegiate Church. The chalice indicates the priestly office, and 
together with the cross could certainly not have been post-reformation 
work, while the style of the design indicates that it was executed about the 
middle of the sixteenth century. The initials D. I. E. stand for Dominus 
lacobus Ewat, which is the Latin form which his English designa- 
tion, * Sir James Ewat,' would take. In The Register of the CoiUgiate 
Church of Crail^ printed io\ the Grampian Club, we find there * Sir James 
Eweat, Chaplain,' on the 7th of December 1555 arranged with the 'Pre- 
bendaries and choristers of the College Kirk of St. Mary in Crail,' that 
they, in consideration of a gift of land made by him to the Church, should, 
after his death, annually ' sing and celebrate the exequies of the dead on 
the day immediately preceding the death of the said Sir James, with 

^ Raised troops in 16 18. ^ Killed at siege of Copenhagen. 

' David Leslie, 1647. 

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collects and others used in anniversaries, for the soul of the said Sir 
James, his parents, and benefactors ; and on the day of his death to sing 
and celebrate a mass of requiem for his soul, etc., with solemn toll of 
bells, and four candles set and lit on a seemly table on his sepulchre, and 
to give eight coins to every priest resident in the College Kirk, and 
celebrating the mass of requiem on the day of his obit ; and to give to 
the ruler of the lights of the said Kirk of Crail, for two candles to be lit 
every fourth ferial day at the throne of the Holy Cross, at the foresaid 
singing of the mass of the Holy Ghost, and one candle on other ferial 
days, eight shillings yearly. . . / (p. 62.) 

Perhaps the worthy priest made these preparations, being moved 
thereto by some secret premonition of a speedy departure. Soon after- 
wards he was laid at rest, and the sepulchre he had specified was provided, 
but few masses had been said, few candles burned, when John Knox in June 
1559 opened the campaign against Rome by preaching in Crail Church. 
Doubtless it then suffered, as did St. Andrews Cathedral a little later, and 
the carved work was broken down with axes and hammers. Sir James 
Ewat's tomb escaped — it may be his memory, still green, was also of good 
savour — and his surviving friends saved it from disfigurement. It remains 
till to-day, probably the last monument erected to a Roman Catholic 
priest before the storm burst which removed his successors from their 
places. Ed. 

325. Gaelic Place-Names in the Kingdom of Fife. — As the 
inhabitants of a country emerged from utter barbarism, and congregated 
for the purpose of business or protection, they, of necessity, made use of 
place-names ; and instinct led them to adopt such names as the general 
features of the place suggested. As years rolled on language became 
organised, and the simple vocabulary of a wild race of men was augmented 
by each accession of a tool, or a use for such tool. Yet the place-name 
remained unchanged, no necessity arising for meddling with it, till, in later 
age, bridge, mill, smithy, church, or fortress added to the list, but did not 
alter names already established. 

It is evident that where place-names belonging to an early race are 
common, that race must have inhabited the district. The early names 
could not be imported by a later race, in the way that successful London 
traders call their suburban villas by names borrowed from every tongue 
and every land. As each race gave place to its successor it left few 
material monuments behind ; but it did leave much of its language, and 
place-names clung to rock and moor as the lichen or the heather. 

The district which may for brevity be styled * the Kingdom of Fife ' 
must for our present purpose include Clackmannan, Kinross, and such 
parts of Perthshire as lie east of the Ochil range of hills. A glance at the 
map will show that this district is geographically compact and clearly 
bounded by sea, frith, or mountain. Its physical character is lowland, not 
undiversified by swelling uplands and even respectable hills. It does not 
seem to have had in earlier ages a large population of its own. Its pre- 
historic monuments are rare and poor, but the early place-names are well 
worth our consideration. Though utterly dissimilar in aspect to the 
Highlands, the language of the Highlands is to be found in its place- 
names ; a clear proof that though tlie Gaelic mountaineer did not colonise 
it with the intention of absorbing it, he did use it, and was obliged while 

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using it to give names to its places, which remained after other inhabitants 
had forced him back to his hills. The district afforded a magnificent 
summer grazing-ground, and he could on warm, fertile slopes raise small 
crops of grain, to be carried to his more congenial mountain>home as 
autumn gave place to winter. It must also have been a grand hunting- 
ground : wild boars and deer, not to speak of bears and wolves, could be 
pursued either for profit or for pleasure, and the extensive sea-board 
supplied fish-food in abundance. It is not the object of this paper to 
trace in due order the subsequent races which, each mingling with its 
successor, have made the modem Fifian what he is. Briefly we may 
name the Scandinavian with his sea proclivities, the Saxon with his 
instinct for home-life, the Fleming with his patient skill in handicraft. 
Each came in no sudden wave, but rather outward pressure brought each 
new race not so much with the object of sweeping away its predecessor 
as of sharing in the capacities of a, district which was rich in gifts of 
nature — on the earth, under the earth, and in the sea, which washed three 
of its four sides. 

The subject of Gaelic place-names has already attracted attention. 
Some years ago Mr. David Beveridge, an antiquary belonging to 'the 
Kingdom,' delivered an interesting lecture on Gaelic place-names, which, 
however, has never been published in an accessible form. The Trans- 
actions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness contains an able paper by Mr. 
W. J. N. Liddall, Advocate, entitled * Kinross-shire Place-Names.' This is 
also not accessible to the majority of our readers. These two papers 
embrace nearly the whole of the district we are considering. What may 
be said of Fife and Kinross may be said of Clackmannan. Mr. Liddall 
remarks: *The topography of Kinross-shire is practically entirely Celtic 
and purely Goidelic' The wooded character of the country in prehistoric 
days is shown by the frequency of the use of the word Kill, coille^ as Kilduff, 
anile dubh^ and Dowhill (early form Doichill), Dubh coille — *dark wood.' 
We have Money-ready-well — muine, ruadh — the *red grove'; fraochy 
heather, appear in Friux and Annafrech. The smaller rivers of the district 
were not overlooked. Allt^ * a burn,' appear in Altacroich (now Anna- 
croich), and Aldie, perhaps the diminutive Allan, The open spaces were 
common, and so is the name Blar^ now Blair, Mawcarse and Mawcloych 
give Mach^ or *the plain.' Perhaps the most common prefix in the 
district is ' Pit.' About the meaning of this prefix a discussion has lately 
taken place in the columns of Notes &* Queries (London) : while in some 
cases it may be held to signify a ' pit ' or ' hollow,' its usual meaning seems 
to have been a ' place ' or * croft' An examination of the Ordnance map 
of the district will show that it is very frequently to be met with. 

The prefix Dun, or fort, is also common, and indicates the early neces- 
sity of the people to defend themselves from marauders ; it is, however, 
less frequent in Kinross than in Fife. * Aber,* the outlet of the river or 
confluence of streams, is more frequently a coast than an inland name, 
and ranges from Aberdour to Abemethy. Bail, equivalent to the Saxon 
'town,' is thickly scattered over the whole district. Even the animals gave 
their names to their favourite haunts. Thomanean is tom-eun, the bird-hill ; 
Glentarkie, the haunt of the tore, or boar ; Brockly is droc, or badger ; Clash- 
lochie, ClaiS'lacka, the * hollow of ducks ' ; Carnbo, * the cows' cairn.' We 
are only able to give a very few of the many instances of Gaelic names to be 

VOL. V. — NO. XIX, I 

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1 30 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

found in the Kingdom of Fife. A list taken from the Ordnance map and 
collated with old forms found in charters would prove most interesting and 
instructive to the Gaelic scholar, and even one not acquainted with the 
language of the early inhabitants of our mountains and, as we have shown, 
of our plains also, can grasp the fact that the people, who from necessity 
gave names to plain, wood, river, and hill, belonged to a race which with- 
drew to the mountains and took their language with them, save where they 
left place-names behind which later and alien races saw no reason for 
changing. A. W. C. H. 

326. Orkney Folklore. Sea Myths. — 3. The Stove WomLr- 
The Stove Worm or great Sea Serpent at one time bulked largely in 
oceanic mythology ; and seems to have held, as became his bulk, his full 
share in Orkney Sea Myths. While the Orcadians had plenty of the more 
modem stories about the Sea Serpent, their great outstanding tale regard- 
ing him was that of the Mester Stove Worm that the Mester Assipattle 
slew. In my young days a fireside gossip about the Stove Worm 
generally ended in some old man or woman telling the above-named tale. 
This tale is much too long for insertion here, and I only give so much of 
it as refers to the subject on hand. 

The Mester Stove Worm was the biggest, had the most devouring 
stomach, and was the most terrible of all living things on land or sea. He 
was not like other animals, created for the use of man. There hung an 
awful mystery about his creation. But it was generally believed that he 
had been hatched into life by some malignant spirits. Whatever was his 
beginning, he was placed in ocean, and became one of the nine curses 
that plague mankind. His length was beyond telling, and reached 
thousands and thousands of miles in the sea. His tongue itself was 
hundreds on hundreds of miles long. And when in anger, with his tongue 
he would sweep whole towns, trees, and hills into the sea. His terrible 
tongue was forked. And the prongs of the fork he used as a pair of 
tongs with which to seize his prey. With that fork he would crush the 
largest ship like an egg-shell. With that fork he would crack the walls of 
the biggest castle like a nut, and suck every living thing out of the castle 
into his maw. 

So long as he lay with his head near the shores of a country the 
people of that kingdom 4iad to supply him with food. If they failed to 
supply his wants he .would sweep their whole land into the sea, or else the 
monster would cast forth a pestilential reek in which no man or beast 
could live, and which blighted every growing thing, and the venomous stench 
thereof caused pestilence all round. While he kept his head near the 
shore the folk had to pacify him by giving him seven virgins once every 
week ; for though a venomous beast he had a dainty taste. Every Saturday 
morning at sunrise he yawned nine times. 

Now it came to pass that one time long ago the Mester Stove Womi 
set up his awful head near the shore, and the folk were forced to feed 
him every Saturday at sunrise with seven young maidens. Oh, it was 
lamentable to hear the shrieks of the poor lassies as they were crunched 
between the pitiless jaws of the monster ! Well, the folk got tired of giving 
up their daughters to death ; for they said there would be no women left 
in the land. So they took advice with an old Spayman (prophet and 
wizard combined). And the Spayman said to the folk that, if the King's 

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daughter was given to the Stove Worm, the monster would leave the land 
and trouble them no more. On hearing this the King was very sorry, for 
the princess was his only child and heir to his throne, and he loved her 
much. Nevertheless, he was forced to agree, that to save the land his 
daughter should go to the Stove Worm. But the King would have ten 
weeks of respite, in which he would send to the countries around, offering 
his daughter and his kingdom to any one that would destroy the Stove 
Worm. But no one would attempt that tremendous deed. 

On the last day of the ten weeks the Mester Assipattle made his 
appearance. I omit his previous history, and all his plans and operations 
for conflict with the Stove Worm. Suffice it to say, that Assipattle in his 
boat entered the Serpent's mouth, rowed down through the monster's 
gullet, set fire to the liver of the Stove Worm, and returned to land in 

Yes, the liver of the monster being full of oil blazed into a terrible fire, 
and the heat thereof caused the Stove Worm unutterable pain, so that 
in his dying agonies he was like to have capsized the world by his terrible 
struggles. He flung out his tongue and raised it far up in the heavens. 
When, by chance, he caught hold of the moon ; and they say he shifted the 
moon, but I don't know. He took hold of one of the moon's horns with 
the fork of his tongue, but, by great good fortune, his tongue slipped over 
the horn of the moon. Down fell the tongue with a tremendous force that 
made the world quake. And where it fell the tongue formed a great 
channel in the face of the earth, now filled by the sea. And this is the 
sea that divides Denmark from * Norawa ' and * Swed-land.' And they say, 
at the inner end of that sea are two great bays, made by the fork of the 
Stove Worm's tongue. As the monster lay struggling in dire pain, he 
would lift up his head to the sky, and then let it fall with terrific violence. 
As he did so once he shed a number of his great teeth, and those teeth 
hecame the Orkney Isles. The next time his head came down another 
lot of his teeth fell out, and they became the Shetland Isles. Now, while 
he was in the death-grips, he was gradually coiling himself together in one 
vast lump. Again he threw up his monstrous head, again it fell, striking 
as it always did, the bottom of the sea. And this time the teeth knocked 
out became the Faroe Isles. Then he rolled himself up, and his huge 
body when he died became the large island of Iceland. But his liver 
still bums, and the flames of its fire are sometimes seen rising from the 
mountains of that dreadful land. 

4. Nuckelavee, — Without speculating on the derivation of this name, 
which will be pretty obvious to those acquainted with northern mythology, 
it may be said that in plain English the name means Devil of the Sea. 

W^ile many of the supernatural beings were looked upon by the 
people with a kind of sympathetic regard, this being was looked upon with 
unutterable horror, was regarded with mortal terror, and spoken of with 
bated breath. He was a monster of unmixed malignity, never willingly, 
resting from doing evil to mankind. He never played a trick for the 
mere love of fun. Indeed, if not restrained by the Mither of the Sea in 
summer, and in winter by his terror of fresh water, he would long ago 
have made Orkney a manless desert. Nuckelavee was a spirit in flesh. 
His home was the sea ; and whatever his means of transit were in that 
element, when he moved on land he rode a horse as terrible in aspect as 
himself. Some thought that rider and horse were really one, and that 

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132 The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

this was the shape of the monster. Nuckelavee's head was like a man's, 
only ten times larger, and his mouth projected like that of a pig and was 
enormously wide. There was not a hair on the monster's body, for the 
very good reason that he had no skin. The whole surface of the monster 
appeared like raw and living flesh, from which the skin had been stripped. 
You could see the black blood flowing through his veins, and every move- 
ment of his muscles, when the horrid creature moved, showed white 
sinews in motion. What a study for an anatomist 1 

If crops were blighted by sea-gust or mildew, if live stock fell over 
high rocks that skirt the shores, or if an epidemic raged among men, or 
among the lower animals, Nuckelavee was the cause of all. His breath 
was venom, falling like blight on vegetable, and with deadly disease on 
animal life. He was also blamed for long-continued droughts ; for some 
unknown reason he had serious objections to fresh water, and was never 
known to visit the land during rain. 

The burning of sea-weed for kelp gave terrible offence to Nuckelavee, 
and filled him with diabolical rage. He vented his wrath by smiting with 
deadly disease horses in the island of Stronsay (for that was the island 
where kelp was first made in Orkney), and that disease spread over all 
the islands where kelp was made. That disease was called Mortasheen. 

I knew an old man who was credited with having once encountered 
Nuckelavee, and with having made a narrow escape from the monster's 
clutches. This man was very reticent on the subject However, after 
much higgling and persuasion, the following narrative was extracted. It 
may be necessary to say that it was unlucky, if not unsafe, to mention the 
monster's name, without immediately interjecting the words, 'Guid save 
us a' ! ' and the narrator of anything supernatural thought it necessary 
to fortify himself every now and again by some such ejaculatory prayer. 

Tammas, like his namesake Tam o' Shanter, was out late one night 
It was, though moonless, a fine starlit night. Tammas's road lay close by 
the sea-shore, and as he entered a part of the road that was hemmed in on 
one side by the sea, and on the other by a deep fresh-water loch, he saw 
some huge object in front of, and moving towards him. What was he to 
do? He was sure it was no earthly thing that was steadily coming 
towards him. He could not go to either side, and to turn his back to an 
evil thing he had heard was the most dangerous position of all; so 
Tammie said to himself, 'The Lord be aboot me, an' tak' care o' me, as 
I am oot on no evil intent this night ! ' Tammie was always reganled 
as rough and foolhardy. Anyway, he determined, as the best of two 
evils, to face the foe, and so walked resolutely yet slowly forward. He 
soon discovered to his horror that the gruesome creature approaching him 
was no other than the dreaded Nuckelavee — the most cruel and malignant 
of all uncannie beings that trouble mankind. The lower part of this 
terrible monster, as seen by Tammie, was like a great horse, with flappers 
like fins about his legs, with a mouth as wide as a whale's, from whence 
came breath like steam from a brewing-kettle. He had but one eye, and 
that as red as fire. On him sat, or rather seemed to grow from his back, a 
huge man with no legs, and arms that reached nearly to the ground 
His head was as big as a clue of simmons (a clue of straw ropes, gener- 
ally about three feet in diameter), and this huge head kept rolling from 
one shoulder to the other as if it meant to tumble off. But what to 
Tammie appeared most horrible of all, was that the monster was skinless ; 

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this utter want of skin adding much to the terrific appearance of the 
creature's naked body. The whole surface of it showing only red raw 
flesh, in which Tammie saw blood, black as tar, running through yellow 
veins, and great white sinews, thick as horse tethers, twisting, stretching, 
and contracting, as the monster moved. Tammie went slowly on in 
mortal terror, his hair on end, a cold sensation like a film of ice between 
his scalp and his skull, and a cold sweat bursting from every pore. But 
he knew it was useless to flee, and he said, if he had to die, he would 
rather see who killed him than die with his back to the foe. In all his 
terror Tammie remembered what he had heard of Nuckelavee's dislike to 
fresh water, and, therefore, took that side of the road nearest to the loch. 
The awful moment came when the lower head of the monster got abreast 
of Tammie. The mouth of the monster yawned like a bottomless pit. 
Tammie found its hot breath like Are on his face : the long arms were 
stretched out to seize the unhappy man. To avoid, if possible, the 
monster's clutch Tammie swerved as near as he could to the loch ; in 
doing so one of his feet went into the loch, splashing up some water on 
the foreleg of the monster, whereat the horse gave a snort like thunder 
and shied over to the other side of the road, and Tammie felt the wind 
of Nuckelavee's clutches as he narrowly escaped the monster's grip. 
Tammie saw his opportunity, and ran with all his might ; and sore need 
had he to run, for Nuckelavee had turned and was galloping after him, 
and bellowing with a sound like the roaring of the sea. In front of 
Tammie lay a rivulet, through which the surplus water of the loch found 
its way to the sea, and Tammie knew, if he could only cross the running 
water, he was safe ; so he strained every nerve. As he reached the near 
bank another clutch was made at him by the long arms. Tammie made a 
desperate spring and reached the other side, leaving his bonnet in the 
monster's clutches. Nuckelavee gave a wild unearthly yell of disappointed 
rage as Tammie fell senseless on the safe side of the water. 

W. Traill Dennison, 
West Brough, Sanday, Orkney. 

327. Rose m^s. — Considerable benefit would arise to the antiquarian 
student could the whereabouts be ascertained of the mss. collected by Mr. 
Rose, Factor to Earl Fife, during the latter part of last century, and of 
which the following is an Inventory found among his papers, which have 
lately been examined, after having been locked up in Banfl* for fifty years. 
Some charters and antiquarian documents that belonged to him have been 
traced to the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, the Advocates' Library, 
Aberdeen, and the Charter-room of the Burgh of Banff; and it is sur- 
mised that the following may be quietly resting in some north-country 
charter-room. Definite information will be received with many thanks. 

W. Cramond. 


Inventory of the mss. belonging to Mr, William Rose^ Montcoffer^ 
compiled February 1800. 

I. Cartulary of Murray, from Bishop Bricius' time, of 434 close pages 
of Latin, in which is the Rental of the Bishopric at the Reformation, as 

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1 34 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

payable 1585, of 42 pages, and added are some curious old papers, con- 
taining a description of the Cathedral of Aberdeen, its foundation, erec- 
tion, and many donations given by kings, great men, and bishops. Bishop 
Rose's letter on the regulation concerning the seats (?) of bishops and 
intercourse thereanent with King William and his ministers, and Charter 
of Erection, 1590, of the Lordship of Spyny, in favours of Alexander 
Lindsay, Lord of Spyny. Some curious account of Aberdeen, anno 1393, 
and anecdotes of times, price of provisions and grain. [K.=kept out of 

2. With this is a long index and contents of the many grants — the land, 
the granter, and grantee — of great use to bring you to particulars. [K.] 

A cartulary of great labour, copied from the one in Advocates' Library, 
comprehending Ferrerius's History of Kinhss^ and various transactions for 
several centuries, comprehending also a copious record of the kings, 
princes, bishops, and great men, their charters, donations, foundations. 
Popes' bulls to the different bishoprics, monasteries, abbacies, and priories, 
and other inferior ecclesiastics of their respective lands, erections, regalities 
and jurisdictions of 668 large folios in Latin, and rentals, 1565, of the 
Bishopric of Murray, thirds thereof; and of the Abbacy of Kinloss and 
Pluscarden, Rolls of bishops and abbots, their character and endowments. 
At the end of which is William Cumyn, Earl of Buchan, Charter 1220 of 
Barry to the Prior of Deer for supporting the fabric of the Monastery, etc, 
boundary not known. Very curious witnesses. [K.] 

4. Anderson's Diplomata Scotia^ a fine copy, in great preservation, 
which belonged to the famous Churchhill. [K.J 

A large folio volume containing Ragman's Roll, taxed rolls of all the 
shires and Stewar tries of Scotland, the king's proper lands, the bishoprics, 
erected lordships, burghs, 'and inferior benefices. The Old Extents of 
Scotland, contribution given the Lords of Session, all Religious Houses 
and accounts thereof, memorable things which happened, rentals of 
bishoprics, abbacies, priories, ministries, and colleges. At the end thereof 
is the contents (305) of the different religious foundations in Scotland and 
a curious Rental of Pluscarden, 1499 (never published), together with 
numerous journals of the Exchequer of Scotland in the Troubles of 
Charles i. In the beginning of this volume have recourse to a General 
Index, all of which compose a book of 343 folios. 

6. Another volume, consisting of the rentals of the Abbacy of Arbroath, 
Abbacy of Kinloss, Bishopric of Aberdeen, Murray, Dunblane, Orkney, 
Caithness, Argyle and the Isles, St. Andrews, Glasgow, and in general adl 
other bishoprics ; and in particular of all other abbacies, priories, monas- 
teries, and other church benefices, and under dignitaries through Scotland, 
together with an account of the prelacies, abbacies, their institutions, 
founders, and history thereof; containing in the beginning the general 
contents, and in the body of the ms. Ragman's Roll, consisting of upwards 
of 337 folios. [^K.] 

7. A MS. which contains Ferrerius's History of Kinloss from its founda- 
tion, anno 11 25 to anno 1537, in which volume is inserted the kings' 
grants, confirmations, erections, and rights of jurisdiction given by the 
sovereigns and great men to bishops, abbots, priors, and other ecclesiastics 
in Scotland, in the beginning of which is a copious Index which gives a 
key to the many curious grants in this volume, which consists of 303 folio 
pages of writing. [K.] 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 135 

8. A MS. volume of the Cartulary of Aberdeen, in which is inserted the 
original donations to the first bishops and see of Aberdeen, the different 
institutions made by Popes and by the bishops and canons of that bishopric; 
containing many separate deeds of morti^cation to and by the church, 
with contracts and agreements made concerning their respective rights, as 
well as ancient boundaries of estates in quest of their disputes and 
covenants .with neighbours in various parts of the bishopric, particularly 
anent salmon fishings, lands in the Garioch, Buchan, Mar, and elsewhere, 
consisting of upwards of 145 pages. [K.] Nota, — There is an Index 
apart which leads to the particulars of the above volume. 

9. A MS. folio, which contains a great deal of correspondence 
with the religious men of the Greek Church and Episcopal Church of 
Scotland, in which is contained the very curious arguments on both sides 
concerning the divine right of Episcopacy, and the different Liturgy used 
and to be used in those Churches from Scripture authority, ancient 
fathers, and other authors, begun about the year 1717, and terminated in 
1725, consisting of 270 folios. [K.] 

10. A large folio ms., containing the different convocations of Clergy, 
their disputes and animosities at and subsequent to the Reformation, with 
Sir James Balfour's ms. History of the Antiquities of Scotland^ from the 
reign of Malcolm Canmore. [It 's at Moncoffer.] 

11. MS. containing 84 charters and grants of kings to the different 
Bishoprics, Abbacies, Priories, Monasteries, Ministries, Provostries, and 
other under dignities, in which is Dr. Johnston's History of Kinloss^ and in 
the end is a full copy of the charter of the Lands, Patronages, and Tempor- 
alities of the Abbacy of Arbroath, dated the 21 July r6o8. [Kept out of 
Trunk — the Rev. Mr. Lesly has it.] 

12. Copy Decree Absolvitor, Lord Bracco against Keith of Bruksy, 
1743, in which are many curious observations and historical tracts of 
Balveny, Rothiemay, and Park, and their respective proprietors, consist- 
ing of 459 pages. [Kept out of Chest] 

13. MS. account of the Chaplainry altarages and prebendaries in the 
Diocese of Caithness, Ross, and Murray, containing sundry* remarks of the 
different Proprietors and their rights within those districts, taken from the 
public records, consisting of 349 pages with an Index thereto. 

14. MS. History of the family of Innes, brought down and wrote in 
the year 1698, consisting of 45 pages with additional remarks thereto, etc. 

15. MS. History of the family of Rose of Kilravock and their con- 
nections, of the families also of the Earls of Ross, Haukhead (?) Bissetts, 
Fentons, Lovat, Chisholm, Lauder, Cheyn, Murrays, M'Intosh, Forbeses, 
Calder, Muirtown, the Gordon family, Dunbars, Urquharts, Falconers, 
Hays, Grants, Inneses, Sutherland, Sinclair, Campbell, Rait, Crawford, 
and various conflicts, with clans, battles, and disputes which are not found 
in print, consisting of 163 pages. [K.] 

16. With another correct old ms. upon the same subject, compiled by 
the Rev. Mr. Hugh Rose, minister of Nairn in 1684. [In Balbithan's 
hands, in loan since Oct. 1798.] 

17. MS. designed Memonal given in by the Earl of Balcarres to 
King James vii. at St. Germains, of his subjects in Scotland, their 
behaviour after his forced abdication in anno 1688, consisting of 50 pages 
of MS. 

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1 36 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

18. MS. of memorable things collected by Habbakuk Bissett about 
the year 1590, which is very curious concerning the antiquities of 
Scotland, with an account of religious houses and the foundations thereof ; 
comprehending also the first Kings of Scotland and their characters, 
ecclesiastic laws, erections of religious houses ; the story of Banquo, 
Macbeth, and Macdufif, with the Laws made by Macbeth ; and the 
original of the Stewarts, thereafter Kings of Scotland, with King 
Malcolm's privileges given at Forfar to his barons, containing the institu- 
tion of the College of Justice, with other remarkable anecdotes concern- 
ing Popes, Bishops, and Prelates, and their injunctions; also contains 
Ragman's Roll, consisting of 190 pages neatly bound. 

19. A collection of papers on various subjects, particularly of 
husbandry in different parts of Scotland ; observations on the characters of 
individuals in the country ; calculation of multures ; value of lands and 
practices upon feudal principles; holograph of the late Wm. Baird of 
Auchmeddan, consisting of 234 pages. 

20. A MS., also holograph, of the said William Baird of Auchmeddan, 
containing an account of the families of Baird of Auchmeddan, Errol, and 
Marischal, Keiths, Reids, Ramsays, and Johnstowns, etc. ; giving also an 
account of the Culdees and other religious worship ; erections of old 
Abbacies and Priories ; an account of the Leslies, Murrays, Cummings, 
Stewarts, Rosses, Meldrum, and a great many other anecdotes of men and 
manners which are not in print ; some account also of the family of Duflf 
and their characters, consisting of 209 pages. 

21. Another ms. holograph of the said Mr. Baird of Auchmeddan of 
his own family, with copies of old letters and papers worth preserving ; and 
account of several transactions in this country during the last two 
centuries, particularly about the life, character, and death of Archbishop 
Sharp, consisting of 191 pages, and is vol. i. 

22. Vol. ii. contains (wrote also by Auchmeddan) various subjects, 
particularly a genealogical account of the family of Duff of Bracco, of the 
family of Kinnoul and Morton, as well as his own family ; and amongst 
others a distinct and correct account of the family of Gordon of Pitluig 
and their connections ; a defence of their bastardy and of their seniority to 
Gordon of Buckie. In this volume is a very curious state of accounts and 
situation of the family of Ogilvie of Boyne, their extraordinary credit, their 
extraordinary debts, and the value of the Estate of Boyne, with particular 
other anecdotes which happened in the country, and to particular 
eminent authors very well worth observation, because never published, 
consisting of 179 pages. 

23. History — particular genealogical account of the family of Duff of 
Muldavat, and of Craighead ; of Macduff ; of the Duffs of Hatton and 
Craigston ; the character of Hatton ; of the Duffs of Aberdeen the eldest, 
and of John Duff the messenger, a worthy man ; of the Duffs of Fetteresso 
of old ; of Adam Duff of Clunybeg, Keithraore, Corsindae ; of Duffs of 
Drummuir and Inverness ; of Duff of Dipple, Braco ; and of their 
marriages and alliances, consisting of 1 79 pages. Curious. 

24. A MS. of very great labour, wrote in a concise small hand by 
Mr. James Fraser, Minister at Wardlaw, anno 1678, being a collection of 
providential passages of worldly affairs both in foreign and domestic 
countries, civil and ecclesiastical ; containing particularly trials in Church 
and State matters, characters of Kings and great men, of Popes, Cardinals, 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 137 

Bishops and Abbots, from ancient and modern knowledge; genealogy of 
old families, of cities, ports, laws, births, burials ; in short, many pro- 
miscuous subjects collected in a wondeiful manner, consisting of 403 
pages. Very close writing. Nota, — Very curious about witchcraft, inter 
alia story of Major Weir, his life, trial, and execution. 

25. MS. containmg a description of the Chanonry of Old Aberdeen, 
done by Master Thomas Orem, baillie in said city, anno 1725, with a 
curious description of the Cathedral and paintings in the roof, reigns of 
kings, popes, and bishops thereupon ; narration upon aisles and burial- 
ground gifts made to the bishops ; constitution of the College ; constitution 
of the bishopric, bishops, lands, and revenues, jewels and plate thereof; 
forms of prayer and worship during the Covenant ; practice and characters 
of the then Clergy, foundation of Birkenbog, alias Gould's Cross, and 
other foundations and chaplainries, consisting of 56 pages. 

26. A MS. History and Memoirs concerning the Murrays, and more 
particularly of the family of Athol, Bothwell, and Abercaimy, their 
importance, lives, and death, consisting of 71 pages. 

27. MS. book containing a copy of the original book of assignation 
for the year 1574, with prices of victual prefixed thereto, and names of the 
readers, ministers, and officials at the time, consisting of 126 pages, with 
the allowances of Stipend and Salary given at the time. 

28. A particular list alphabetically set down about the end of the last 
century, viz. betwixt 1690 and 1710, taken from the records in the Low 
Parliament House, and from Cartularies and other private Registers 
deposited in Advocates' Library, whereby you '11 find the greatest part of 
the gifts to the Church, the granters and grantees, and lands therein 
contained, consisting of 144 leaves, 288 pages, and which is an index of 
great use, because it is a Key to the names of ancient families, and grants 
of lands made to them in early times, as well to churchmen, and lajrmen, 
nobles, barons, and free tenants. 

29. Also another ms. of the same kind, of the various grants made 
to the great families in Scotland from the reign of Robert Bruce to the 
reign of Charles 11., containing an alphabet at the end, mentioning the 
names, lands, and jurisdictions of the respective grantees, in which is 
contained some parliamentary registers, debates, remissions, and ambas- 
sadors sent to courts, and contests in Parliament in early times, consisting 
of 1 1 2 pages, wherein is also contained the Douglases, Randolphs, Rosses^ 
Ogilvies, Leslies, and many more. 

30. Curious MS. containing an account of the curiosities, commodities, 
weights, measures, in Scotland ; a treatise of the succession of heirs to the 
crown; manner of creating the nobility; item, a treatise concerning the 
Ecclesiastical government, the extent of Jurisdiction, history of bishops 
and their buildings and their coats of arms, the old presbyteries of 
Scotland and universities and founders; item, old ancient writers of 
Scottish history and their characters, and, lastly, history of admirable 
curiosities, rareties, and wonders in Scotland, wrote in a most singular 
and distinct manner, in the smallest possible characters of writing. 

31. An old MS. containing curious anecdotes of births, marriages, and 
burials ; lists of Lords of Session and members of the College of Justice 
since the institution ; lists of remissions and Exchequer grants and Kings' 
patents, baronets, and peers and their creation ; inventories of the registers 
in the Laigh Parliament House, Chancery Exchequer, the old registers in 

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138 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the Castle ; inventories also of the Register of Saisins in the different 
Counties ; some old observations of the Kings of Scotland, the Stuarts 
Kings of Scotland ; a description of the oldest writs of the Abbacy of 
Melrose, and list of the barons, lords, and baronets, and their creation, 
consisting of 74 pages of close writing. 

32. An exact ms. list of the knights baronets of Scotland from 1625 
to 1707, with exact dates of their creation. 

33. An old MS. and History of the Mackenzies, containing in the end 
a list and roll of Parliament of Lords and Commons for the King and for 
the country in the year 1 700. 

34. A small MS. containing the account of the family of Leslie of 
Birdsbank, Leslie of Melrose, and Leslie of Denlugas from the Leslies of 

35. MS. being a memorial and description of the kirk and school of 
Turriff, and deed of mortification thereof granted by William Cumming, 
Earl of Buchan, in 1272, with memorial concerning patronages, buildings, 
manses, and originality of glebes, and the dignitary of Chancellor, the 
Keeper of Conscience, consisting of 62 pages. 

36. MS. containing notes of charters relating to the family of Rothes, 
taken from the charter-chest thereof, and public records, consisting of 
45 pages, in which are many charters relative to other families. 

37. A list of the Parish Churches in Scotland, mentioning the patrons 
and the parishes which belong to the Archdean, Dean, Chancellor, Sub- 
Chantor, Treasurer, and under Prebendaries. 

38. Principal charter of confirmation granted by James Douglas of 
Abercorn of a grant of the lands of Airdly and Mill of Bodechell, within 
the Lordship of Buchan and Barony of Aberdour, of which Douglas had 
the right of superiority by William Fraser of Philorth, to and in favours 
of John Gordon, natural son of the deceased, Sir John Gordon, Lord 
Gordon, in which charter John, the natural son, failing lawful issue by 
Elizabeth, his wife, calls Alexander Gordon his natural son to succeed, 
whom failing to Adam, his natural son, whom failing to Thomas, his 
brother, whom failing, to the nearest lawful heirs of Gordon taking the 
sirname of Gordon. Tiie grant by Philorth and seal appended was 
dated at Aberdeen the last of May 141 8, before Gilbert, Bishop of 
Aberdeen, Chancellor of Scotland, and Robert, Abbot of Deer, and a 
nobleman, Sir Alexander de Seaton, Lord of Gordon, Andrew Keith, 
Laird of Inverugie, and Andrew Gifford, confirmed by Douglas at 
Edinburgh, the i6th January 1422. {Note bene 'taking this Charter into 
consideration, taking also into consideration the surrender made by 
Elizabeth Gordon, the heiress at Perth, 1408, where she calls after the 
heirs of her own body, her heirs whatsomever without a mention of Jock 
or Toniy and considering what has been all along said on the subject, 
conjecture may be now removed.'] [Along with this Charter which I got 
at Aberdour there is one of Salton's to Auchynachy of that ilk, anno 141 7, 
where Thomas de Gordon, John, his son, designed dom. Auchinrath, and 
Thomas Strathbogy, all co-temporaries.] 

39. A MS. concerning the original erection of the hospital of Turriff 
lands, given that hospital and allegations made that the minister was 
defrauded thereof and of the teinds of the parish. Vide also No. 35. 

40. Curious observations anent the religious patrimonies and erection 
of them into temporary Lordships, with an account of the gentlemen who 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 1 39 

were created Lords of Parliament upon those temporalities, wrote 1697, 
consisting of 26 pages. 

41. MS. Life of the Countess of Seafield, bom 1672, who departed 
this life 14th August 1708, consisting of 55 pages, with a description of 
her parents, her husband and children, and manners of life of the families 
in the country at that time, with a serious dissertation of the duties to 
God in every character of life, and her conduct and opinion in the 
education of her children. 

42. A curious ms. of the Norfolk family from Gumming, Earl of 
Northumberland, anno 1070 to the year 1700, whose daughter, at least a 
daughter of that family, married George, Duke of Gordon, and there is 
an account of Duke Norfolk's singular treatment of his wife, also contains 
the origin of many names famous in history, etc. 

43. MS. of occasional meditations on sundry subjects by Mary, 
Countess Dowager of Warwick, anno 1678, consisting of 60 pages. 

44. MS. account of the life of Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, 
with an account of his pedigree, and the pedigree of Douglas, Earl of 
Angus, also of the family of Douglas, Earl of Angus, the family of Boyd, 
Sybbald and Glenbervie, with anecdotes of kings, statesmen, bishops, and 
churchmen, consisting of 30 pages. 

45. MS. containing the authenticity of the Culdees of Loch Leven, 
and of the lands given to them by King Edgar, son of Malcolm, and the 
other kings of Scotland at and previous to King Malcolm, with their 
grants of lands to the said Culdees, together with a perambulation betwixt 
the lands of Kirkness as settled by King David. 

46. A list of the silver and gold ornaments and holy images within the 
Cathedral of Aberdeen, dated 7th July 1559, with the weight, estimation, 
and value of the great investments at the holy altar. 

47. A copperplate of King Duncan's Charter and dedication to St. 
Cuthbert of the lands of Tinningham and others, with the consent of the 
princes and rulers at the time, who could not write except by a cross, this 
^ which is thereto adhibited with a curse upon those who would violate 
the grant, anno 1094, with a transcript of said Charter. 

\To be continued^ 

328. Arms of County Council, Aberdeen. — Excerpt of Letters 
Patent from the Lyon King of Arms in favour of the Council of the 
County of Aberdeen, dated the nth July 1890: — 

Whereas The Council of the County of Aberdeen have by petition of 
date the Seventeenth day of June ultimo Prayed that We would Grant 
Our Licence and Authority to them and their Successors in office to bear 
and use on a Seal or otherwise for official purposes connected with the 
County such Ensigns Armorial as might be found suitable and according 
to the Laws of Arms : Know ye therefore that we have devised and do by 
these Presents Assign, Ratify, and Confirm to the said Council of the 
County of Aberdeen, and to their Successors in office, and to the said 
County of Aberdeen, the following Ensigns Armorial as depicted on the 
margin hereof and matriculated of even date with these presents in Our 
Public Register of all Arms and Bearings in Scotland, vizt, Quarterly ; 

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The Scottish Antiquary ; 

first, Azure, three Garbs, Or, for Buchan, second, Azure, a Bend between 
Six Cross Crosslets fitch^e, Or, for Mar ; third. Or, a'Fess Chequy Argent 

and Azure between three open Crowns Gules, for Garioch ; fourth, Azure, 
three Boars' Heads couped Or, for Gordon. 

Matriculated the Eleventh day of July 1890. 

(Sd.) J. W. Mitchell, 
Lyon Clerk. 

329. Glaud. — This Christian name, which appears in Allan Ramsay's 
Gentle Shepherd is still to be found in the neighbourhood of Bathgate. 
It may be the origin of such place-names as Gladsmuir, Gladstone, etc., 
which are usually attributed to Gled. I never heard the kite called Glad, 
nor can I hear of such a pronunciation. 

We all know Gladys ; but some would question her kinship to Glaud. 

W. M. c 

330. Livingston of Dunipace {Scottish Antiquary^ vol. v. p. 12). — 
It seems very odd that no further mention is made of the Christian name 
of Alexander, for in Notes on the Deeds at General Register House^ 
vol, 121, I find the following: — 

1606, July 30th. Obligation by Alexander Livingston of Donypace 
to ' his guid freind Thomas Frenche, serviter to the King, for £^^0 . . . 
18 Apl. 1604.' 

Where does this individual come in on the Dunipace Tree ? and what 
was the date of his birth and death ? A. D. Weld French. 

Boston, MASs.,/»if« 21J/, 1890. 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 141 

321. Annie Lawrie. — I believe the writer of this much-admired song 
is unknown. It seems probable that the birth of the subject of it is 
recorded in the Register of the Parish of Glencairn, * 1769 Anne Wortely 
Montague L[awful] D[aughter] to Captain Robert Lawrie, yong' of Maxal- 
toun, & Mrs. Elizabeth Ruthven, was bom June 13, 1769.' 


322. Rotten Row (vol. iv. 128). — I find that in Aberdeenshire 
Rodden is used for red. The turbot is called the rodden fluke, the 
berries of the rowan tree are called rodden berries, and the tree itself the 
rodden tree. It seems probable that Rotten Row is simply the Red Row. 
Near Dunfennline a row of colliers' cottages roofed with red tiles is called 
the Red Raw, and the name is met with elsewhere. Rotten or Rodden 
as in * Rotten herring,' — i,e, red herring — would thus be a natural desig- 
nation for a street Ed. 

The Editor is well aware that it is far easier to ask questions than to 
answer them. He however begs his readers to assist inquirers by sending 
answers where they can do so. The usefulness of the Scottish Antiquary 
will be much increased if readers will do their best to assist each other. At 
present the * Queries * far exceed the * Replies,* 


CLVI. Can you oblige me by saying if you have heard of a William 
Hersey in the 1745 or 17 15 Rising, supposed to have been 
executed ? He was a son of Theophilus Hersey. 

C. J. Hersey. 

CLVIL Sir Anthony Hairland. — In the Kirk-session Records, 
Speymouth, is the following entry : — 

* 1657, Aug. 2. — Collected for Sir Anthony Hairland, a dis- 
tressed English gentleman exiled from his owne natione, jQ^j, 8s.' 
(Scots). I do not find any such name in Metcalfe's Book of 
Knights. Is anything known of him ? A. W. C. H. 

CLVIIL^ Old Trade Mark. — A very common mark on monuments 
was the figure 4 (4), perhaps some one will give an explanation 
why it was made use of, and what it signifies ? It has been 
suggested that it represented the mast, yard, and shroud of a ship, 
but that is hardly satisfactory because there is only one oblique 
Une. E. B. 

CLIX.1 A 'Broken Cross.' — On a tomb in Crail Churchyard is 
carved a thick St. Andrew's cross, behind which are three verti- 
cal rods, about the same distance apart as cricket wickets. An 
old parochial record calls it the tomb of *the broken cross.' 
There are other emblems on the tomb, but what is the expla- 
nation of this one? £. B. 

^ An earfy answer to these two queries is requested for a work in the press.— E. B. 

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142 The Scottish Antiqtuiry ; 

CLX. Is it known by any one what were the names of the Cashiers 
of the Royal Bank of Scotland up to 1815 ? J. A. 


XLII. Jettons. — Among the entries found in a register preserved in the 
French archives are two, the first dated 21st Oct. 1553, giving 
permission to ' Jehan Acheson, tailleur de la monnaie d'escosse,' 
to make dies with the portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. The 
second, ist Jan. 155!, is a permission to * Nicolas Emery, graveur, 
de graveir une pille et ung trousseau a feue gectons aux armes 
de la royne d'escosse du coste de la pille'; we believe no 
example of these jettons are to be met with. Nor is anything 
known of Nicolas Emery, who may have been a foreigner or a 
member of the Scottish family of Imrie or Emerick, which was 
probably of foreign origin. See Proceedings of Society of 
Antiquaries^ vol. ix. p. 506. Ed. 

LXX. It seems very probable that Frater is a form of the more common 
names Friar and Freer or Frere. In Mr. Craig-Brown's Selkirk- 
shire there is a list of inhabitants in Galashiels in 1656, in which 
occur both Frier and Frater (vol. ii. p. 389). See also vol i. 
p. 206. The name Freer occurs in a list of Burgesses of Selkirk^ 
1513-26, vol. i. p. 20. Ed. 

CXXIV. Paterson of Bannockburn. — Excerpts from Register of Bap- 
tisms of Parish of St. Ninians. 

Sir Hugh Paterson of Bannockburn and Dame Barbara 
Ruthven had : — 

1688, April 27. Robert baptised. 
1 69 1, April 3. Mary baptised. 

1694, April 6. Alexander baptised. 

1695, July 15. Barbara baptised. 

Sir Hugh Paterson and Dame Jean Areskine had : — 
171?, Dec. 12. Hugh baptised. 
1 7 14, May 20. Mary baptised. 

Edinburgh Register, 

Robert Paterson, underkeeper of the Signet, and Isabel 
Dickson had a daughter. . . . baptised 15th September 1685. 

Carrick Pursuivant. 

CXLI. Ogilvy of Kemp Cairn. — * Carrick Pursuivant ' will find a good 
deal of additional information regarding Ogilvy of Kempcaim in 
the MS. Inventory of CuUen House Charters, copy of which, 
with Index Nominuni and Index Locorum^ is deposited in the 
Library of the New Spalding Club, Aberdeen. For example, he 
will find 'Kempcaim' entries at pp. 37, 49, 52, 56, almost every 
page from 60 to 73, also 95, 122, 217. Under 'Ogilvie,' of 
course, are numerous entries. In consulting the index it is 
necessary to remember that the estate of Kempcaim included 
Drum, also called Drumnakeith. As part of the general Inven- 
tory is an Inventory of 26 bundles of bonds and diligences 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 143 

acquired by the Earl of Seafield on the estate of Kempcaim 
which * C. P.' may consult with profit. W. Cramond. 


CLIII. Stank, Liggate. — Stank is the ordinary provincial name in 
Galloway for a stagnant pool The water-hen is commonly 
called Siank-hen. 

Liggate has nothing to do with Lichgate. It is the Anglo-Saxon 
leag or Uah geat, field gate. Herbert Maxwell. 


The Erskine Halcro Genealogy, by Ebenezer Erskine Scott. London : 
George Bell and Sons. — This work is one of a class which is highly com- 
mendable, the growth of which shows that the importance of family 
history is now better recognised by Scotsmen than heretofore. Mr, 
Scott has expended a vast amount of labour on it, and his extension of 
his original plan is very satisfactory: from our own experience, we can 
estimate the labour bestowed by Mr. Scott on the latter portion of his 
work — the obtaining information from living members of a family is more 
troublesome work than it should be, for, putting aside the apparent in- 
ability of even educated persons to give an intelligent account of their 
own parents and children, there is often an unreasoning unwillingness 
displayed to do so — sometimes a fiat refusal is sent, sometimes no notice 
is taken of letters. As regards the earlier portion of the book, we must 
express our disappointment at the manner in which Mr. Scott has treated 
the pedigree of Erskine of Balgownie : grave inaccuracies occur in it, as 
shown in the notes to the true pedigree of Balgownie in this number 
(p. 99) ; as to the reasons Mr. Scott gives for inserting his ancestor's name 
in that pedigree they are considered in the same place. In Table 11. the 
conjectural descent of William Halcro of Aikers should have been denoted 
by a dotted line. The difficulties which beset the pedigree of Erskine of 
Dun (Table IV.) are well known (see Scot Anttg, vol. iv. pp. 116, 183 ; 
vol. V. p. 66), but we think that Mr. Scott is justified in assuming that 
Helen Erskine, who married Patrick Halcro, was the sister of Robert 
Erskine of the Dun family, for the testificat in her favour is strong 
documentary evidence. We are in a position to inform Mr. Scott 
that no doubt now exists as to the parentage of James Dewar of 
Lassodie (page 43); some months ago a search was made at the 
request of Mr. Dewar of Lassodie, and the following extract from the 
Dunfermline Register of Baptisms was forwarded to him : — 

'1601, February 24. — Baptized James, son of David Dewar and Jane 

The printing unfortunately shows marks of carelessness. In the 
tabular pedigrees, the lines of descent are not always as continuous as 
they should be, and the following mistakes disfigure the text. In Table 
I. * Pogar ' for * Gogar ' ; p. 4, ' i539 ' ^r * iS59 ' ; P- S> 'Elizabeth ' for 
* Agnes ' ; p. 6, * Mary ' for * Marr ' ; p. 15, * ascuments ' for * documents ' ; 
p. 21, *Ob!gny' for * Aubigny ' ; whilst on the title-page * Dumfermline ' 
appears for * Dunfermline.' 

Mr. Scott, for some reason not given, chooses to spell * Shielfield ' 

Digitized by 


144 "^^ Scottish Antiquary. 

' Shieldfield.' We do not think he has any ancient authority for this, and 
its modern form in the County Directory is without the *d.' 

Gill of Blairythan and Savock. Mr. A. J. Mitchell Gill of Savock 
has printed this work apparently for private circulation. We trust he will 
not object to our drawing public attention to it, for those who are fortunate 
enough to acquire a copy will find it a model of careful compilation. It 
is introduced by an apt quotation from TTie Newcotnes (p. 66), and the 
short remarks added by Mr. Mitchell Gill show that he has grasped the 
purpose for which family histories should be written. After a considera- 
tion of the etymology of the name Gill, and the locations and movements 
of families bearing the name, the author settles down to the history of his 
own immediate ancestors, and concludes his labours with a short account 
of the families of Black, Anderson, and Mitchell, from which he is also 

The Church of Speynumthy by Mr. William Cramond, M.A., Elgin 
Courant Office. Mr. Cramond's little books are always welcome ; we only 
wish that they were more bulky. The present parish of Speymouth, we 
are informed, is made of the united parishes of Essil and Dipple ; Mr. 
Cramond has, therefore, a double store of information to draw from. Some 
persons find a dull sameness in Kirk Records, while others profess to find 
in them no information worth their attention ; but beings of less exalted 
intellects, or, more correctly, of less exalted opinions of their own clever- 
ness, find that diversity is to be found in the records of diverse districts, 
and that this throws much light on the real condition of affairs in bygone 
times. To such readers Mr. Cramond's extracts will exhibit much that is 
novel and interesting. 

Notices of the volumes issued by the Scottish History Society are 
unavoidably delayed, and will appear in our next issue. 

Note, — The Edinburgh Bibliographical Society has commenced its 
regular meetings. We hope in future numbers to be able to give a report 
of such portions of these proceedings as may interest our readers. 


Errata in No. i8, The Scottish Antiquary. 

P. 78, line 10 from top,^r abave read abavi. 

3 from bottom, ^r fasils read fusils. 

6 from bottom, j^r feature read portion. 

7 from top, y&r having read leaving. 
23 from Xo^yfor Douglas read Dunglass. 
12 from bottom, /^r Peotry read Poetry. 
16 from bottom, yS?r Vinewar read Winewar. 
22 from top, y&r Henry read Helen. 






















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Published Qiiartcrly 
VOL. V. 


The Rev. A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, m.a. 






350. lU^kme of LitUc Sluchle atid liil 


Registers of Old St. Patrt*». Edln- 



bui-gb, . * ^ , . T4^. 

2<«' Tnv<!tiiory, ^o, 1529^ 



Sculptuntl Stone ai Cmllt 

MiAir FHpes, , 

r I*? 


An Exploit ot ihc Rifle l^i^t*' , 

: . ■ h * \ii:Trh in EiUnh[ir%h " 



Ust of krbels, 1745, s 

354. Ilrt! ' , . 


Ross Family, . . %? 

355. Nmitii Jtic TjiMiiJii* 

1 ■. ( 


Afuisofr. , t6r 

356. Jahfi Go^, tLit: i'imie, ► 



EdlTibui|:i *^i- 


itlgs: iin T,>j.i:i i',iiihi4ir£n rrnit»rr, 

CLXl. S 


etc, * » » . * i6a 

CLXll. > V 

' 'Vj 


Curious Entries to Otd T'jtrocliial 

rLxni. s 


Rcgistets, t6s 

CT.X3V. L 

^;^ir©rktiry Folklore. Sm Mytli5, ^ 167 

CLXV- H^vuhaiin * 



Old Ihxlfrh BrA^aBon, . . . 171 


Notes on Ctilis P;^mh Chfjii:b, 


Fifrshini, . , . , . tys 




Annie L««wrir, , - . 173 

l.XX M. 



Rose-Mv^., . , 173 

LXXin kv<4,iitniK^idr 



Vh\ Mtinriiiil al AUoii. . t/j 




Glnutl, . , , ♦ . 177 

CXXXVT. \iaiykui \Ukm. 



fjtlTTicls Iroiii Duiibliinp Kirk St'ssion 

CUJL Ulch. 


Record s^ , , ^77 

CLVIIL OldTradt; MmI 

IV t 


*nw CojiHfcdtln Pciir, i^t 

NoTiCKs* or Br>Diis, 


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I. and II. Issued 1885. 


Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary Woolchurch Haw, 
London, 1538 to 1760. Edited by J. M. S. BROOKE, M.A^ 
F.R.G.S., Rector, and A. W. CORNELIUS Hallen, M.A., 
F.S.A. Scot 

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BOTOLPH, BiSHOPSGATE, 1558-1753. Edited by the Rev. 
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Rector, the Rev. William Rogers, in quarterly parts of 
112 pages each. Royal octavo. Price 4s. Annual Sub- 
scription for 4 Parts, 1 6s. 

Vol. I. 

1. (Dec. 1886) Marriages, 1558-1628 ; Baptisms, 1558-158S 

2. (March 1887) Baptisms, 1585- 1621. 

3. (June 1887) Baptisms, 1621-1628 ; Burials, 1558- 1603. 

4. (Sept. 1887) Burials, 1603-1628 ; Marriages, 1628-Z63Z. 

5. (Dec. 1887) Marriages, 1631-1736. 

6. (March 1888) Marriages, 1736- 1753. 

Vol. II. 

6. (Con/.) Burials, 1628-1644. 

7. (June 1888) Burials, 1644-1663, and Index, Ab-Bar. 

8. (Sept 1888) Burials, 16631686, and Index, Bar-Bur. 

9. (Dec. 1888) Burials, 1686-1697, and Index, Bur-Gam, 

10. (March 1889) Burials, 1697-1710, and Index, Gam- Jen. 

11. (June 1889) Burials, 1710-1716, and Index, Jen^Swo. 

12. (Sept. 1889) Burials, 1716-1726, and Index, Swo-Zul, and Addenda. 

13. (Dec. 1889) Burials, 1726- 1749. 

14. (April 1890) Burials 1749- 1752, and Index to Vol. II., A-Bu. 
15- (July 1890) Index to Vol. II., Bwe-Gra. 

Vol. in. 

15. (Coftt.) Baptisms, 1628- 1637. 

16. (Oct. 1890) Baptisms, 1637- 1667. 

17. (Jan. 1891) Baptisms, 1667- 1684. 

IV. JVi// be issued sJi07'tly, 


London, by permission of the Dean and Chapter. 



London, by permission of the Rector. To be followed by 
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The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 




333. Registers of Old St. Paul's. Edin- 

burgh, 145 

334. Sculptured Stone at Crail, . .152 

335. An Exploit of the Rifle Brigade, . 153 

336. List of Rebels, 1745, / . . 155 

337. Ross Family 155 

338. Arms of County Council, Stirling, . 161 

339. Edinburgh Bibliographical Proceed- 

ings : an Old Edinburgh Printer, 

etc., 163 

34a Curious Entries in Old Parochial 

Registers 165 

341. Orkney Folklore, Sea Myths, . 167 

343. Old Dutch Brass Box, . • 171 

343. Notes on Cults Parish Church, 

Fifeshire, 173 

344. Annie Lawrie, • . • Z73 

345. RoseMSS 173 

346. Old Sundial at Alloa, . . 177 

347. Glaud, 177 

348. Extracts from Dunblane Kirk Session 

Records, 177 

349. The Coalstoun Pear, . . . zSi 

35a Erskine of Little Sauchie and Bal- 

gownie, i8x 

351. Inventory, a.d. 1539, . 183 

353. Old Small Pipes, .... 183 

353. French Church in Edinburgh, . 183 

354. The • Dead Bell,' . . . .183 

355. Nimmo and Erskine Families, . 184 

356. John Gow, the Pirate, . .184 


CLXI. Scot of Scotstarvet, . . z88 

CLXII. Scotch Place-Names, . . Z89 

CLXIII. Stewart Arms, .189 

CLXIV. Gray Family, . .189 

CLXV. Hawthorn 189 


LXI. Houston Family, . .189 

LXX. Frater, Surname of, . 190 

LXXIII. Reid, Read, Reed, andReade, 190 

LXXXIII. Braboner, . .190 

CXXXVI. Marykin Maker, . . . 190 

CLIIL Latch, Z90 

CLVIII. Old Trade Mark. . . .191 
Notices of Books. . . .191 

. Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors, 

All Communications to be sent to the Editor of^ The Scottish Antiquary^' 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

333. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edinburgh, a.d., 1735-1765. — 
Through the kindness of the Rev. R. Mitchell-Innes, Rector of Old St. 
Paul's, Edinburgh, we are able to give our readers a full transcript of the 
interesting Registers of a church long known as St. Paul's, Carrubbers 
Close, which was the most ancient post-Revolution Episcopal Church in 
Edinburgh. Mr. Walker, in his History of the Scottish Church (vol. iii. 
p. 509), writes, *This congregation is generally supposed to have been 
first formed at the Revolution, and assembles (1843) in an edifice fitted 
up at the time, which was originally a wareroom.' A few years ago a hand- 
some church was erected near the site of the old chapel. The volume of 
Registers now printed is the oldest belonging to this church which has 
yet been found, and between it and the next one is a blank of many years, 

VOL. V. — NO. XX. K 

Digitized by 


146 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

The volume itself is a small folio of sixty leaves; sixteen and a half of 
these are blank. When rebound, some years before 1834, two additional 
leaves were inserted. On these are inserted two entries of Marriages, 
and three of Baptisms, by Bishop Walker, of which the following is an 
abstract : — 

1834. June 6. Married, William Forbes, Shoemaker, Batchelor, and 
Helen Melville, daughter of James Melville, Seaman. 

1838. Aug. 7. Married, George Hughes, W.S., Batchelor, and Emily 

Magniac Erskine, youngest daughter of deceased David Erskine, 
late of Bengal. 
1837. June 24. Baptised, Angelica Erskine, daughter of Joseph Cauvin 
Farquharson and Angelica Erskine his wife. 

1839. July 9. Baptised, William Walker, son of Joseph Cauvin 

Farquharson and Angelica Erskine his wife, born May 23, 1839. 
1839. July 9. Angelica Erskine, daughter of George Hughes, W.S., and 
Emily Magniac Erskine his wife, born June 15, 1839. 

The paper is Dutch made, the water-mark being the following device : 
Within a Park Pale, the female genius of Liberty seated, with helmet, 
bearing in her right hand a pole surmounted by a Cap of Liberty. In 
front of her the Lion of. the United Provinces, rampant, crowned, bearing 
in his right paw a sheaf of arrows, his left holding a sword. Above are 
the words *Pro Patria.' This is a device common on old Dutch 
Medals, and found on some of the cast-iron fire-backs made in Sussex in 
the 1 7th century by Flemish ironworkers. Some of the old leaves bear as 
a water-mark C. R., surmounted by the Royal Crown. 

A literatim et verbatim copy of the old entries has been given. It 
should be stated that at the foot of each page is the signature of the 
minister, Wil. Harper. 

Some unusual contractions are met with. Nearly every entry has, 
besides the date of month and year, the day of the week and the hour, 
feria i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7, being used for the days. Thus 'f. 4. h. 5. v' 
means * feria 4 (Wednesday), hora 5, vespertina.' It will be also seen 
that the Prayer Book form was not always used, * pr Lite,' * pr Liam,' or 
'sine Lit 'being added to some entries. An entry dated Jan. 24, 1739, 
throws some light on this. 

A. D. O. M. 
A^ Sal. Register of Marriages.^ Edinr. 

1736. June 2, f. 4. h. 8. v. Marryed (in my Lady Ramsays house) sine 

Lit, Robert Balfour of Balbirnie & Anne Ramsay, daur. of 
Sir Andrew Ramsay of Whitehill. Certificates of the publication 
of their Banns in Edr. & Merkinch being produced & the 
Bps. Licence proceeding thereupon. Sir Rot. Stewart of 
Tillicoutree, Mr. Calderwood of Polton, . . . Aytone of Inch- 
dernie, Mr. David Drummond, Dr. Wm. Lermont, Mr. John 
Lumesden, Rot. Lumesden, Jo. Blair of Balthaick, Mrs. 
Balfour & Mrs. Roses Ramsay, Mr. Pitcairn, writer, & \i\s 
sert. pnt. 

1737. Feb. 16, f. 4. h. 3. V. In the Countess of Eglintouns Lodging, 

^ In the original rasters the marriages follow the baptisms ; it seems, however, a 
better arrangement to follow the usual course, and print them first. 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Qneties. 147 

over head of Jo. Jollies, manyed James Moray of Abercaimie 
& Lady Christian Montgomery, in virtue of the Bp. of 
Edinrs. Mandate to me, proceeding on a Ler. from my Lady 
Eglinton. The Bride was given by her Broyr. the Earl (then 14 
years old). Pnt, The Countess, Lady Helen Montgomery, 
Lady Cathcart, Mr. David Groeme, Advocate, & Mr.. Neil 
M*Vicar, Writer. Lord Justice Clerk should have been there, 
had it not been for his Ague. 
N,B. — I gave the Bps. Mandate to Mr. Alexr. Ro*son, Clk., to be 
insert in the Records, on Wednesday the 9th inst. 

1738. Feb. 10, f. 6. circa merid. Att Addiestoun, marryed William 

Murray of Polmaise & Mrs. Elizabeth Gibsone, daur. of Alexr. 
Gibsone of Pentland, in virtue of the Bp. of Edrs. Licence & 
Authority given me for yt. effect. The Bride was given by her 
ffayr., her moyr. Pnt., Capt. Craig, Tho. Gibsone of Clifton 
hall. Miss Catherine Grant, Mrs. Betty Gibsone, Mrs. Watson 
& many ser's. pnt. N,B, — The odds of age between the 
marryed persons was yt. between 58 & 16. Q. F. & F. sit, 
[Query. — This may stand for ' Quod faustum et felix sit. 'J 

„ Apr. 28, f 6. h. 9. m. In Mr. Thos. Ruddimans house, Edr., 
marryed Pat. Hardie Smith in Bridges of Braid & Anne Scott, 
Sert (13 years in Mr. Ruddimans family), upon a Certificate of 
their Banns & a Licence. 

„ Apr. 29, f. 7. h. 8. V. In Mr. Shand's house C.C, marryed John Shaw, 
Writer, & Christian Murray, daur. of unqll. Rot. Murray, Mert. 
in Edr. — Alecr. Mackintosh, Wm. Ross, &c.. Writers, pnt — upon 
a certificate of Banns & Licence. 

„ Nov. 8, f. 4. h. 7. V. In the old Bank, marryed (pr. Liturgy) Mr. 
John Craigie of Dunbarnie & Mrs. Christian Smith, daur. of 
Mefiin. Mr. David Drummond, Pat Craigie, Laird of Mef!in, 
Mr. Crauford, yr., Mrs. Christian Cochran, Mrs. Janet 
Threipland, Mrs. Craigie, pnt. Certificates of ye Banns were 
produced from ye respective Pariochens of Meffin & Newburn. 
f. f. s. 

1739. April 24, Easter Tuesday, h. 7. v. In the Countess of Eglintons 

Lodging, Canongate, I married Sir Alexander MacDpnald of 
Slate, Bart., to Lady Margaret Montgomery, sister of the Earl of 
Eglinton, having the Bps. Licence. Pnt., Countess of Eglinton 
& her unmarryd daurs. i,e, Ladys Bettie, Eleonor, Frances, & 
Grizel, Lord & Lady S. Clair, Miss Stewart, Earl of Hume, 
Laird of M'Leod, Mr. Jo. Mackenzie, Writer, Mr. Alexr. 
Lockheart, Advocate, & his Lady & Mr. Renton, who gave 
the bride, f. f. s. — D. g. e. 

1740. Apr. 22, f. 3. h. 7. V. In the Fountain Closs (in Lady Boggles 

house, a grandchild of Lord Warrenston), marryed Andrew 
Stephen, Brewer in Broughton, & Marjorie Sutherland, daur. of 
deceast John Sutherland, portioner of Ream in Duffus in the 
Shire of Murray. Dr. Garrioch, Tacksman of Broughton, 
Lady Boggie &c. pnt. N.B. — A certificate was produced of the 
due publication of ye Banns in W. Kirk. 
„ Nov. 25, f. 3. h. 9. V. In Carrubers Closs, marryed James Bissat, 
Commissary of Dunkeld, & Abigail Mercer, daur. of unqL Wm. 

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Mercer, Writer in Edinr. Messrs. Adam Mercer, Geo. 
Chalmers, & . . . Kennedy, the Bride's Curators; the Bride- 
groom's father, Stewart of BuUaichan, Alexr. Stewart of Kinnaird 
& his wife, Messrs. M*Ewen, Smith, Carmichal & Mackintosh, 
&c., pnt N,B. — A certificate of their Banns was produced. 

1741. April 7, f. 3. h. 7. V. In B. Fifes Closs, marryed William Aytone, 

Goldsmith, & Thomasa Wemyss, daur. of Mr. Thomas Wemyss, 
Advocate. Mr. Bethune of Balfour & his Lady, Mr. llio. 
Belchies, Miss Mary Wemyss, Mrs. Jane Maxwell, Mrs. Jane 
Ayton and Miss Ayton, pnt. Q. f. f. sit. D. precor. N.B. — A 
certificate of their Banns was given me last Saturday. 
„ Oct 30, f. 6. h. 6. V. In Bulls Land, marry'd James Hay, Writer, 
& Margt. Campbell, daur. of the deceast Archibald Campbell, 
sometime Writer to the Signet. Alex. Hay, Wter., Miss 
M'Aulay, & the Bride's sister, witnesses. A certificate of 
their Banns was given me, & letter from. Gotten burgh produced 
signifying the approbation of the Bride's uncle & sister there. 

1742. Oct. 13, f. 4. h. ij"* mat At Bonny-haugh, marryed Gilbert 

Stewart, Mert., & Margt. Gardens, relict of . . . Hunter, Mert 
Rachel Houston, Margt. Stewart, & Stuart Carmichael, present 
q. f. f. sit 
„ Nov. 18, f. 5. h. 6. V. At Leith, marryed John More, Bookbinder in 
Edr., & Mary Patullo, daur. of Jo. PatuUo, sometime Shipbuilder 
in Montrose. Mr. Stewart, Writer, Mr. Watson, James More & 
witnesses. N,B, — There was produced a certificate of ye Banns. 

1743. Dec. 6,f. 3. h. 6. v. In my own Closet, marryed Evan Mackenzie, 

Soldier in the City Gaurd, & Mary McDonnell, Sert, before 
several witnesses, a certificate of their Banns being produced. 
[1744?] April 26, f. 5. h. 8. v. In Fowlis's Closs, marryed John Gall of 
Kinloch, & Mary Graeme (relict of Adam Mercer, Wter. in 
Edinr.). James Graham, Wter., & Miss Jane Graeme, pnts. A 
certificate of their Banns being produced. 
„ April 28, f. 7. h. 7. V. In Writer's Court, marryed Charles Butter, 
Mert, & Mary Butter, Mantua Maker, a certificate of their 
Banns being produced. Mr. Mosman, painter, gave the Bride. 
Mr. M'Kenzie, Sailor in Leith, Mr. Wallace, Wter., Mrs. Ja. 
Blade, &c, pnt pr. Liam. 

1745. Sep. 21, f. 7. circa merid: At Linlithgow, marryed Hugh Smith, of 

Boulogne, Esqr., & Mrs. Elizabeth Seton of Touch, pr. Lit 
Lady Barrowfied, Miss Paterson, Miss Erskine of Alva, Mr. 
Chas. Smith, & Hu. Graeme, wt., present. Banns published at 
St Ninian's. 
N.B. — ^Just before this office begun Mr. Chas. Smith brought acct of 
the compleat Victory obtained this morning at Gladsmuir by the 
prince's army over that commanded by Genl. Cope. Ao^a tq> 
^€(0 €v v\f/uma. 

1746. June 25, f. 7. h. 9. v. In my house, marryed John Breack, Mert 

in Edinr., to Catherine Naughton, before witnesses, Alexr. Fife 
& Jean Miln, a certificate of yr. Banns being produced. 

1747. July I, f. 4. h. 8 J. v. In Gray's Closs, marryed James Harper & 

Katherine Dickson, before witnesses. Miss Monro, Miss Fraser, 
Rot Monro, . . . Robertson, Writer, & Geo. Bean, Certificate 
of yr. Banns produced. 

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1747. Sept. 4, f. 6. h. 6. v. In Mr. Thos. Ruddiman's, in the Parliat 

Closs, marry *d (pr. Liturg.) James Stewart, Writer, & Alison 
Ruddiman, only daur. of the learned & good Mr. Ruddiman, 
Keeper of the Advocate's Library, Walter Ruddiman, Printer, 
his wife & daur. pnt. A certificate of yr. Banns being pro- 

„ Sept. 22, f. 3. h. 6 J. V. In Libberton's Wynd, in Mr. Semple's house, 
marryed William Hendrie & Margt. Gray, daur. of the deceast 
John Gray, Writer in Edinr. Mrs. Semple, the Bride's aunt, 
Mrs. Seaton, James Gordon, Writer (the Bride's broyr-in-law), 
& Fran. Scott, pnt. Certificate produced. 

„ Dec. 23, f. 4. noon. Near the Netherbow, married William 
Stewart, Chairman, & Mary Fairgrieve. A certificate of their 
Banns produced. 

1748. Apr. 27, f. 4. h. 5. V. At Craig Leith, married William Elliot, Writer, 

to Agnes Dollas, daur. of James Delias of St. Marten's. Mrs. 

Morison, Mrs. Elliot, Stewart & William Dollas, Mr. Scott of 

. . . &c, pnt. Certificate of Banns produced. 
„ June 16, f. 5. h. 8. v. In Mrs. M^Gill's house in Fowlis's Closs, 

marryed (sdy. Lit.^) Robert, Viscount of Oxenfurd, & Janet 

Christie, daur. of the worthy Alexr. Christie, sometime Writer 

in Edinr. Mrs. Kath. Skene, Jo. Wright, Jo. PatuUo, Mrs. 

Mackgill, Jean Christie, pnt. Certificate of Banns produced. 
„ Sept. 24, f. 7. h. 7. V. In Hackerton's Wynd, marryed Alexr. 

Paterson, Brewer. & Elizabeth Gibsone, sometime my Sert. Mr. 

Joseph Robertson, Euph. Taylor, &c., pnt. A certificate of 

Banns produced. 

1750. Apr. 28, f. 7. h. 8. V. In my house, marryed James Keir of Kil- 

mont & Margaret Orme, daur. of Alexr. Orme of Balvaird. Mr. 

Orme, Senr. & Junr., Wm. Carmichael, & . . . . Cheap, pnt. 

Certificates of their Banns were produced from the Session Clks. 

of Rhind & Abernethy. 
„ June 28, f. 4. h. 8. v. In my Low house, marryed Andrew Douglas, 

Mert in Edinr., & Christian Cheape, sister of Rossie. Mr. 

Cheape of Rossie, Miss Cheape, & Jo. Scott, pnt. Certificate of 

Banns produced. 
„ July 30, f. 2. h. 8^. V. In my house, marryed Wm. Tennant, Heel- 
maker, & Margt. Turnbull. Jo. Anderson, &c., pnt. Certificate 

of Banns prod. 
„ Oct 9, f. 3. noon. In Murray s hall, near Stirling, marryed (sdy. 

Liam) John Stewart, yor., of Allanbank, Advocate, & Miss 

Agnes Smith, 2d daur. of Charles Smith of Boulogne, Esq. 

Messrs. Chas. Smith, Hugh Seton, . . . Hepburn, Mrs. Wilson, 

Mrs. Seton, Miss Barb. Smith, Margt. Wilson, pnt Certificate 

of Banns produced. 
„ Dec. 22, f. 7. h. 7. V. In Fountain Closs, marryed Wm, Michie & 

Euphame Taylor, both Merts. Mr. Jos. Rotsqn Certificate 

of Banns produced. 

1 75 1. Jan. 10, f. 5. h. 9. V. In Ld. Tweedales Closs, marryd (sdy. LiSm) 

James AUardice Wood & Jean Mackenzie, daur. of the Revd. 
Mr. James M'Kenzie (my collegue being _ indisposed). Mr. 
• * This contraction requires explanation. — Ed. 

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1 50 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

M'Kenzie, his wife and son, Mr. Smith, & Mr. Robertson 
Inches, pnt. Certificate of Banns produced. 

1753. Mar. 5, f. 2. h. 6. v. At Scots Town in the shire & parroch of 

Renfrew, marryed Sir Stuart Threipland, Physician in Edinr., to 
Mrs. Janet Sinclair, eldest daur. of South Dun; Mr. Richd. 
Oswald (by commission from the father) gave the Bride. Mr. 
Alexr. Oswald, Mr. Geo. Baird, Wm. Budge, Writer to the Signet, 
Mrs. Baird, Miss Mary Sinclair, & Helen Grant, pnt. Certificate 
of Banns produced. 
A^ Dom. 

1754. Ap. 16, Easter Tuesday, h. 7. v. In the Fish Mercat CIoss, 

marryed (pr. Litm.) William Dollas of Newton, Wright, to David- 
donnia Haliburton, Daur. of Geo. Haliburton, late Provost of 
Edinr. His & her broyrs. & sisters, Mary Sellar, Betty Dollas, 
& Miss Shaw, pnt. Certificate of Banns produced. 
„ Ap, 30, f. 3. h. 6. V. In my Closet, marryed James Robertson, Path- 
man, to Margaret Scot, my wifes Sert. maid these 5 years. Brides 
father, uncle & cousin, & two men of the Bridegrooms friends, 
pnt. Banns publishd. 

1757. June 10, f. 6. h. 10. m. In my house, marryed Daniel Ross, Taylor, 

to Elizabeth Clerk, my wifes sert. maid. Certificate of Banns 

1758. Apr. II, f. 3. h. 6^. V. In the Canongate, marryed Chars. Stewart, 

Shoemaker, to Elizabeth Threipland, Mantua Maker, pr. Liim. 
Certificate of Banns produced. 

1760. Apr. 15, f. 3. h. II. m. In my Closet, marryed Capt Wm. Colquhon 

of Garscadden & the Honble. Miss Betty Stewart, Blantyre, pr. 
Litm. Lady Blantyre & daur.. Miss Marion, Lord Blantyre & 2 
brojrrs., Alexr. & Charles, & Miss . . . pnt. N,B, — ^Yr. Banns 
were duly published in their respective paroch Churches & 
,» n 23, f. 4. h. 4. v. In the Canongate, marryed Walter MTarlane 
of MTarlane, Esqr., & the Rt. Honble. Lady Betty Erskine, eldest 
daur. of Alexr. Earl of Kelly ; the Countess of Kelly gave the 
Bride (the Earl of Kelly being in London). Ly. Ann Erskine, 
Muir Pitcairn, Mr. Dav. Graeme, Advocate, & Mr. Gordon, Book- 
seller, pnt. N.B, — ^^Certificate of Banns produced — pr. Litm. — 

1761. July 24, f. 6. h. 8. V. In the Anchor Close, marryed Sir Stuart 

Threipland, Physician, to Miss Janet Murray of Penny land. Mr. 
Wm. Budge (Brides father) & his family, Alexr. Dick of Preston- 
field, & Mr. Fall of Dunbar, pnt. — pr. Litm. Certificate of Banns 

1762. June 24, f. 5. h. 8. v. In Kinlochs Close, marryed (pr. Litm.) 

William Scott of Hightown, Mert. in Edr., to Elizabeth Grame, 
daur. of Robt. Graeme, Esqr. Sir S. Threipland, Brides fayr., Mr. 
Dav. Graeme, Advocate, Ja. Smyth, Writer, Jo. Graeme, Wter., 
&c. Certificate of Banns produced. 
„ Augt. 19, f. 3. h. 7. v. In . . . Close, marryed (pr. Litm.) John 
Blair of Balthayock to Patrick \sic\ Stephen, daur. of Mr. John 
Stephen. Brides fayr., Banker in Edr., Jas. Carmichal, Rot. 
Fall, Chas. Butter, &c., pnt. Certificate of Banns produced. 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 1 5 1 

1763. Octr. 15, f. 7. h. 5. V. In my Closet, marryed Alexr. Hempseed & 
Barbara Rob (pr. Litm.). Certificate of Banns produced. 
„ Nov. 10, f. 5. h. 6. V. Multershill, marryed (pr. Litm.) George Dallas 
of London, Mert., & Henrietta Dallas, widow of Wm. Morison 
of Craigleith. Wm. Dallas (Brides fayr.), Messrs Gibb, Anderson 
of Perth, Jas. Hunter, Banker, & 7 women & girls, pnt. 
Certificate of Banns produced. 

[End of Marriages. 8| blank pages left.] 

A**. Register of Baptisms. Edinr. 

1735. J^*^^ ^Si ^' I- ^- 4- V. Baptized a daur. of Don M'phersons, Water- 

man in Edinr., and Janet M*Donald, named Henriette. Lady 

Henriette Livingston, Spor., Ja. Allan, Dav. M*Kenzie, Christian 

Reid, witnesses. This in absence of Mr. Blair. 
„ July 4, f. 6. h. 4. V. Att Laurieston, baptized a daur. of Mr. Ja. 

Hay, Writter to the Signett, and Ann Fargeson, named Helen. 

Lady Kilmundy, Montblairie and his daur., Spors., Dor. Ler- 

month, Geo. Ord, and Raunes's daur., witnesses. 
„ Sep. 6, f. 7. h. 6. V. Baptized a daur. of Alexr. Keith, junr., Writter, 

& . . . Swinlon, named Janet. Mr. Keith, Senr., Jas. Hay 

Crombie, Dor. Rutherford, & my CoUegue, Mr. Orem, & his 

wife, &c., pnt. 
„ Sep. 17. f. 4. h. 7. V. Baptized a daur. of Alexr. Orem, writter in 

Edr. named Johan. Mr. Keith, senr. & junr., Adam Mercer, 

Mrs. Keith, Mr. Rot. Blair & his wife, pnt. 
„ Oct. 15. cir. merid. Baptized a daur. of Thos. Shaw, sert. to the 

Lord Cowper, named Elizabeth. Mr. Fforsyth & his wife, &c., 

„ Baptized a daur. of Mrs. Halyday, named Ann-Corsair, the moyr. 

„ My Coll. baptized, & I stood Spor. for a son of James Wright, 

Writer, named Thomas. Thos. Gibson, Senr. & Junr., Under Clk. 

& Clk. of Session, Mathew Brown, Under Clk., Mr. Jo. Thomson 

Charleton & his Lady, Wm. Lumesden, Mrs. Barbara Oliphant, 

&c., pnt. 
A*. Sal. 

1736. Febry. 15. f. i. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Alexr. Gibson of Addies- 

toun, & Mc'-gt. Hamilton his Lady, named Alexander (sine 
Lit.). Mr. Ch Hope & his Lady, Mr. Hamilton of Pencaitland, 
his Lady & 1. ur., Mr. Andrew Marjoribanks & his Lady & 
Sister, Thos. G* son & his Lady, Jo. Davidson of Whitehouse 
& his Lady, Judge Graham, Mr. Bruce of Kinnaird, Mr. Hugh 
Somerville, Mr. Rot. Craig of Riccarton, Capt Craig, & Mrs. 
Eliz. Gibsons, Addieston s Sister and Daur., pnt. NJB, — Lady 
Addieston had been in a sickly condition since the birth of her 
last child, qch was about 14 years ago. Aofa tw ^ew. 

„ March 14. f. i. h. 4. v. Baptized a daur. of Hugh Neilson (sert 
to Mr. Alexr. Keith, senr.), named Janet Alex. Orem, yr., pnt 

„ 'March 15. Baptized at Leith (wt Mr. Law's consent), a son of Rot 
Scott Baxter, named James, and reproved James Scott, Ja. 
Murray, Alexr. Brymer, &c., for fifaction, party spirit, and absent- 
mg from the Holy Sacrat 

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152 The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

1736. May 16. Baptized a son of the RcL Mr. James Mackenzie, named 
Francis, my Collegue. Mr. Cha. Rose & Lady Jean Napier, 
„ June 5. f. 7. cir. merid. Att Parkley, \ mile E.S.E. of Linlithgow, 
baptized a son of Mr. Dollas of Parkley, writter, named Gavin. 
Al. Johnson of Straiton, Jo. Stewart of £. Binnie, Mrs. Eliz. 
Stewart, his Daur., and Mrs. Reid^ witnesses. 
„ June 23. Baptized (in Mr. Alexr. Robertson's absence), a daur. of 

. . . Murdo, Drawer in Mr. Jollies, named Isobel. 
„ Augt. 4. Baptized a daur. of Deacon Robert Barclay, Taylor in 
Warriston's Closs, named Barbara. Mr. Ritchie, Mrs. Thomson, 
&c., witnesses. 

{To be continued.) 

334. Sculptured Stone at Crail. — A drawing of this most interest- 
ing monument appears in The Sculptured Stones of Scotland^ but unfortun- 
ately it is very incorrect. Mr. Erskine Beveridge, F.S.A. (Scot), has 
taken a photograph, a facsimile of which is here given. As the stone is 
now inside the church, it is impossible to obtain a good light, but the 
nature of the design is sufficiently distinct to allow a comparison with 
the incorrect drawing. It will be seen that on a recessed panel at the 
bottom a shield has been cut, doubtless of much later age than the rest of 
the work, but from its shape probably dates from the 15th century. The 
charges on the shield it is now impossible to make out. Our plate, if not 
as clear as we should wish, will, we feel, be valuable, as giving an exact 
representation of the stone in its present worn condition. — Ed. 

335. An Exploit of the Rifle Brigade. — The Rifle Brigade (95th) 
was not an English but a British regiment. Its Honorary Colonel was 
the Duke of Wellington, an Irishman ; its Commanding Officer the Hon. 
William Stewart, a gallant Scotsman. Any records of the achievements 
of such a regiment are worth preserving, and therefore we give the follow- 
ing cutting from a Canadian newspaper of a smart action in connection 
with the attack on New Orleans in 18 14 and 181 5. The Captain Hallen 
who is mentioned received his Captain's Commission in 1809. He was 
present at Copenhagen and the Peninsula, was engaged with the enemy 
eighteen times, and was four times seriously wounded. He died full of 
years at Bridgnorth in 1855. His son and daughter both died unmarried. 
He was first cousin of the editor, who trusts he will be pardoned for 
giving to the pubhc a narrative which seems to him of more than family 

* In the afternoon a few American horsemen came up the road from 
New Orleans, which runs parallel with the river, to take a peep at a com- 
pany of English Riflemen, who were pushed out from the main body as a 
picket, and who had taken almost as many American prisoners as its own 
original numbers. This picket was relieved by Captain Hallen's company; 
a few shots were fired by the riflemen, who were dressed in coloured 
clothing, wearing broad beavers, and armed with long duck guns, rifles, or 
any other description of weapons first coming to hand.' The narrative 
proceeds. * Captain Hallen's Company of riflemen were up and ready, 
and standing to their arms in proud array, the vanguard on the high-road, 
the river protecting their left flank, and burning for a trial of strength with 

Digitized by 


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ScuLWuRBD Stone at Crail, 

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1 54 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the long vaunted prowess of the American riflemen, and were resolved to 
see whether the Americans could beat a small part of the former " light 
division " even with their own boasted weapon, the rifle. A company of 
the 85th I^ight Infantry were also stationed on picket at a house and 
garden in eschelon to the right, rather in rear of Hallen's picket ; and 
hearing the raging tumult in their own rear, with the continued roar of 
cannon almost in the same direction, they unfortunately took an erroneous 
view of passing events, and evacuated this important post before they had 
fired a single round at the Americans, who quietly ensconced themselves 
in the house and garden, which, until it was afterwards retaken by the 85th 
Regiment and a portion of the Rifle corps, formed a rallying and im- 
portant post for the enemy, who threw out irregular bodies to annoy the 
British, during the after action. Now, had Hallen with his riflemen done 
the same, and given up his post on the naked high-road (although his 
position, taken in a military point of view, was no longer safe) the result 
might have been most deplorable, at a time too when the alarm post at 
head-quarters was utterly disorganised and required a little breathing-time 
to prepare for defensive and ofi'ensive operations. When the great tumult 
at head-quarters was at its height, a few shots were exchanged in front of 
Hallen's vanguard. This was General Jackson coming in person with 
3000 regular troops and militiamen to the fight, the latter in coloured 
clothes ; some even assert they counted more men than were specified. 
Captain Hallen began the battle on the high-road single handed against 
part of the 7th and 44th American Regiments, who were followed up by a 
strong body of the irregulars. But will posterity believe it ? All their 
most desperate attacks failed to beat Hallen's eighty men. They fought 
foot to foot, and hand to hand, and probably since the invention of gun- 
powder, there is no instance on record of two opposing parties fighting so 
long muzzle to muzzle. Here round after round, volley after volley were 
exchanged. But although this picket was unsupported, the Americans 
could not gain the vital object, that of forcing the main road. The other 
pickets having retired from Hallen's right, left his company and its de- 
tachment isolated like a ball of fire to fight for themselves. At this most 
remarkable night-encounter, the British were fighting on both sides of a 
ragged triangle, their left face pounded by the fire from the troops, and 
their right face engaged with the American land force ; Hallen was still 
fighting at the front of the apex. At one time the Americans pushed 
round Hallen's right, and got possession of the high-road behind him, 
when they took Major Mitchell and thirty riflemen going to his assistance. 
But Hallen was inexorable, and at no time had more than one hundred 
men at his disposal, the riflemen coming up from the rear by twos and 
threes to his assistance when he had nearly lost half his picket in killed 
and wounded. And behind him there was such confusion that an English 
artillery officer declared that flying illuminations encircling him were so 
unaccountably strange, that had he not pointed his brass cannon to the 
front at the beginning of the fight, he could not have told which was the 
proper front of battle, as the English soldiers were often firing one upon 
another as well as the Americans, except by looking at the muzzle of his 
three-pounder, which he dare not fire from fear of bringing down friends 
and foes by the same discharge. At last, after three hours' struggle, the 
Americans gave way, finding that the main body of their force could not 
gain possession of the high-road, for the defence of which Hallen, who 

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was badly wounded, and his brave company deserve great praise, being 
the only troops engaged that steadily maintained their original front 
throughout the night. Neither ancient nor modern history can show a 
parallel to the resistance made against General Jackson by Captain Hallen 
and his company.' 

336. List of Rebels, 1745. — Critics of the \wXjtxt!s>^n% List of Rebels 
of i745> printed for the Scottish History Society by Lord Rosebery, have 
pointed out, what indeed is obvious from the internal evidence afforded 
by the book itself, that the list is far from complete. It does not indeed 
pretend to be complete. It is not surprising that a large number of the 
rank and file from the Highland districts should not have been known to 
or discovered by the officers of excise who furnish the lists. But it is 
strange that many persons of note who were certainly * out ' should have 
escaped detection or mention- A reviewer has referred to the fact that 
though there are eighteen surgeons named, George Lauder, a well-known 
surgeon in Edinburgh, who attended the army after Prestonpans, and 
subsequently followed the Prince, is absent from the list, as is also his 
pupil, George Hay, who accompanied the army to Derby, and was present 
afterwards at Falkirk. Hay subsequently became a Roman Catholic and 
Bishop of Danlia, and vicar apostolic of the Lowland District Again, 
Colin Campbell, a priest, brother of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochnell, 
who died of wounds received at Culloden, is not recorded in the list 
Another companion of Charles Edward, Alan Macdonald, also a priest, 
who suffered a year's imprisonment at Newgate, appears to have escaped 
the notice of the Excisemen. To these few examples doubtless many 
might be added. The list as it stands contains 2590 names. The 
number of officers, about 375 in all, is said to indicate an army of at least 
7500 men. Lord Rosebery reckons Charles's army before Falkirk at 9000, 
and at Culloden perhaps not less than 8000. May I suggest that the 
columns of the Scottish Antiquary should be opened to any contributions 
which may be offered by your readers towards supplementing and com- 
pleting Lord Rosebery's list ? By degrees we may hope to be thus able to 
form something approaching to a complete muster-roll of the rebel army. 

T. G. L. 
[We shall be most happy to receive any communication evoked by the 
above note. By printing from time to time additional lists of names, we 
may hope to accomplish much that T. G. L. desires. We may add that 
the fifth report of the Deputy-Keeper of the Records (1844), shows that 
the Record Office contains Documents likely to afford much additional 
information. — Ed.] 

337. Ross Family — Extracts from the Burgh Records, Forres ; 
FROM the Secretary's Register \ and from the Particular Register 
OF Sasines, Inverness, 1606-1761, of Ross Marriages, Etc 

1585. Aug. 15. Sir Nicholas Tulloch, Vicar of Ruthven, Isobel Ross, 
his relict. {Burgh Records y Forres.) 

1663. May 9. William Clunes, Isobel Ross, his relict. {Burgh Records, 

1623. April 2. Hector Monro, son of Mr. Robert, minister at Dumes, 
and Isobel Ross, his spouse. 

1626. Feb. I. John Monro of Contulich, and FingoU Ross, his spouse. 

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156 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1636. June I. William Fraser, sometime of MuUochie, and Janet Ross, 

his spouse. 
„ Aug. 22. John Forrester, burgess of Tain, and Margaret Ross, his 

1627. Aug. 28. Alexander Sutherland, apparent of Little Tarbat, and 

Christian Ross, his spouse. 

1628. Aug. 19. Walter Ross, mason in Tain, and Margaret Harvey, his 


1629. June 12. Arthur Sutherland of Inschefuir, and Elizabeth Ross, 

his spouse. 
1634. June 10. Alexander Skinner in Rarichie, and Margaret Ross, his 
„ Aug. 12. William Ross, and Issobell Sutherland, his spouse. 

1637. April 31. John Ross, master mason to George, Earl of Seaforth, 

and Jannet M*Kenzie, his spouse. 
1639. Mar. 22. Mr. Alexander Hossak, minister at Kilmuir Easter, and 

Isobell Ross, his spouse. 
„ June 20. Donald, younger son of Donald M*Ley of Alnes, and 

Christian Ross, his spouse. 
„ Dec. 27. Alexander Sutherland of Rinfes, and Margaret Ross, his 


1653. Mar. 3. Donald Fowler, burgess, of Inverness, and Margaret 

Ross, his spouse. 

1654. Sep. 16. Donald Ross, master mason, and Katherine, daughter 

of John Fraser of Glenvacky. Sasine on marriage 

1663. May 22. John Monro in Obstale, and Margaret Ross, his spouse. 
„ June 8. James Ross, burgess of Fortrose, and Isabell his 

1674. Jan. 6. Robert Monro of Suddie, and Issobell Ross, his spouse. 
1676. July 8. George Ross, mason, burgess of Fortrose, son and heir 

of Walter Ross, mason, and Issobell Ross, his spouse. 
1679. Aug. 31. Robert Monro of Achnagairt, and Katherine Ross, his 


1682. July 22. John Monro of Inverbreakie, and Margaret Ross, his 


1683. April 27. Donald M*Neil in Achiltee, and Issobell Ross, his 

„ Sep. 6. George Greyme, writer, Fortrose, and Helen Ross, his 

1687. July I. Andrew Ross, merchant of Tain, and Janet Lessly, date 

of marriage contract. 
1700. Jan. 12. Mr. Walter Ross, late minister at Kincardine, now in 

Bellamichie, and Helen Munro his spouse. 
1703. June 8. Mr. Andrew Ross, minister at Urquhart, and Anna 

Gumming, his spouse. 
1706. Sep. 30. JohnJBarklay, wright, and Bessie Ross, his spouse. 
1709. May 9. Hector Munro of Drummond, and Margaret Ross, his 

1 7 1 1 . Mar. 23. George Ross of Achaclaich, sergeant in Colonel Preston^s 

regiment, and Janet Glendinning, his spouse. 
1714. Mar. 18. Dondd Galdie, shoemaker, Cromarty, and Margaret Ross, 

his spouse. 

Digitized by 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 157 

1730. Feb. 17. Thomas Lindsay^ merchant, Cromarty, and Katherine 

Ross, his spouse. 

1 72 1. Mar. I. Mr. Walter Ross,* minister at Creich, and Annabell 
Stewart, his spouse. 

1724. Feb. 25. Adam Mackay of Dornoch, and Mary, one of the co- 
heirs of John Ross, burgess of Dornoch, his spouse. 

1726. April 8. Mr. Hector Fraser, minister at Edderton, and Margaret 
Ross, his spouse. 

1728. April 10. Hugh Watson, shoemaker, Fortrose, and Barbara Ross, 
his spouse. 

1 731. April 22. Benjamin Ross, gardener, Cromarty, and Elizabeth 

Henderson, his spouse. 
1737. April 23. Thomas Ross, sailor in Cromarty^ and Ann Keith, his 

1742. July 16. David Ross, tacksman of Brora, and Katherine Ross, 

his spouse. 

1746. July 9. Donald Urquhart, shipmaster, Cromarty, and Janet 

Ross, his spouse. 

1747. Jan. 10. Hector M*Dormet in Cromarty, and Katherine, daughter 

of Roderick Ross, his spouse 

1748. Dec. 14. Duncan Simson, and Margaret Ross, his spouse. 

1753- Fe^- 20. Robert Barclay, tacksman of Innershin, and Jean Ross, 

his spouse. 
1754. July 2. Donald Ross, officer of Excise in Tain, tacksman of the 

Hill of Tain, and Mary Munro, his spouse. 
1758. May 28. Finlay Munro of Scaldie, and Mrs. Ann Ross, his spouse. 
„ May 28. Donald Ross, late merchant in Tain, now in Dornoch, 

and Janet Ross, his spouse. 
1606. May I. Hugh Ross in Langoll Strathockill, Alexander, his son, 

1626. June 27. Hugh Ross of Knockan, witness. 
1628. June 3. Angus Ross in Ballellone, William, his son, witness. 
„ Dec. 8. William Ross of Bellaciuth, sasine on charter by him to 

Gilbert Morray, subdean of Ross, of part of the lands 

of Bellaciuth, which in 1682 had passed to Mr. James 


1632. July 16. William Ross of Slines, witness. 

1633. April 2. Thomas Ross, Alexander, his son, burgess of Tain, 


1634. Sep. 3. Alexander Roise in Ballavraid, witness, William, his son, 

1639. Nov. 24. Alexander Ross, saidler, burgess of Tain, William, his 

son, witness. 
1653. Mar. 17. David Ross in Drumnalochan, Alexander, his son, 

„ June 13. Hugh Ross in Clynes, Alexander, his son, witness. 
1657. April 2. John Ross in Achintowle, in the barony of Delny, James, 

his son, witness. 
1682. Feb. 10. John Ross, Hugh, his son, servitor to Malcolm Ross of 

Kindeace, witness. 

^ In 1743, minister at Tongue. 

Digitized by 


158 The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

1682. April 20. Alexander Ross in Flode, Donald, his son, in Rienogi- 
land, witnesses. 
„ Aug. 15. Alexander Ross, son of the late Donald Ross, son of 

William Ross in Glastulich. 
„ Oct. 7. David Ross in Feme, Walter, his son, witness. 
1686. July 9. William Ross, John, his son, burgess of Tain, witness. 
„ Oct 22, Mr. Walter Ross, minister of Alness, witness, Hugh, his 
son, witness. 
1692. April 27. Walter Ross in Feme, David his son, witness. 

1695. J^^y ^^' Walter Ross sometime in Feme, deceased, William, his 

son, witness. 

1696. April 8. David Ross of Ardblair, Hugh, his son, witness. 

1705. April 9. William Ross, Malcolm and Alexander his sons, 

merchants, burgesses of Tain, witnesses. 
„ Oct. 7. Alexander Ross, Dean of Gild, David, his son, witness. 

1706. Sep. 30. John Ross, burgess of Dornoch, deceased, John his 

eldest son. 

1707. June 6. Lauchlan Ross in Donardbag, witness, Hugh, his eldest 

son, witness. 
1724. July 15. Alexander Ross, Dean of Gild, Alexander his son, witness. 
„ July 15. Thomas Ross sometime in Belintom, deceased, James, 

his son, witness. 
1726. June 24. George Ross, tenant in Glastulich, John, his son, witness. 
1730. Mar. 24. Alexander Ross, William, his son, merchant in Tain, 

1745. July 20. Thomas Ross, tenant in Hiltoun, William and John, his 

sons, witnesses. 
1756. Dec. 18. Walter Ross, ground officer of Strathcarron, witness; 

William, his son, witness. 

Obits from the Kalendar of Ferne : — 

1471. June 5. Hugh Ross. 

1527. May 22. David Ross, soldier, of Balnagown. 

1 53 1. Mar. 6. John Ross, Lord of Eddertaine, in Ballone. 

1537. Mar. 4. William, son of Malcolm Ross, burgess of Tain. 

1576. May 22. Marjory Ross, living in Feme. 

1577. Jan. 5. Alexander Ross in Terrel, buried in Taine. 

1588. May 5. Andrew Ross, burgess of Tain. 

1589. Aug. 9. Donald Ross, at Catboll. 
1 6 10. Sep. 25. Hugh Ross. 

1636. Dec. 4. William, son of Andrew Ross, in Catboll. 

1642. May 18. Margaret Abercom, wife of William Ross, died at Tain. 

1646. Oct. 13. Helen Ferne, wife of William Ross, burgess of Tain. 

1652. April 26. Agnes Broune, wife of William Ross, burgess of Tain. 

Calendar of documents relating to Scotland, vol. ii. p. 357, No. 1395. 

1303 circa Sept. 29. — Orders by Sir John De Drokenesford and 
others of the Council that the following persons escort and guard the Earl 
of Rosse till he joins the K. in Scotland. 

Digitized by 


OTy Northern Notes and Queries. 1 59 

Sir Francis le Vylers and Hugh le Rous, his 

esquire, 3 horses, 3 grooms. 

William de Whetelay, clerk, . . . . i „ i „ 

Nicol of Chilham, 2 „ 2 „ 

Elys Skarlet and Elys his son, . . • 3 „ 3 » 

William of Tuddeham, 2 „ 2 „ 

Reynald Lumbard, marshal, . . . . 2 „ 2 „ 
Master John le Sansser of London, cook, . i „ i » 
Also for the earl, 2 palfreys, 2 sumpter horses, and 4 grooms. Sir 
Francis and William de Whetelay and two of the King's sergeants shall lie 
nightly in the earl's chamber, and four of the King's sergeants outside with 
the other company. At each town where the earl rests at night he shall 
have fire and light in his chamber. Two horse and two foot men shall 
keep watch all night in his chamber, and 6 of the townsmen outside. No 
man is to be harboured in the earl's house save only his escort. 

The following are appointed by the sheriffs and mayor of London to 
join the earl's escort as far as Berwick, viz.: — Thomas *atte' Welle 
• sergaunt a mace,' i horse and i groom ; John le Cotiller, William his 
brother of London, 2 horses and 2 grooms ; John of Lonesdale, and 
Adam of Blaksale, 2 horses and 2 grooms ; Walter of Henelay, i horse 
and I groom. Ordered that these people's * hostel ' be kept at the King's 
cost till they reach him in Scotland with the earl, and their horses have 
hay and oats ; also that the Londoers return from Berwick. Total of 
*gentilz houmz' 16; grooms, 24; horses, 24. [Exchequer Q. R. Miscel- 
lanea, (Army) No. fj.] 

Sept. 19, 1302-3. — A safe conduct was granted for William, Earl of 
Ross and his retinue. 

Sept. 29, Oct. 22. No. 1403. — Account of the expenses of the Earl of 
Rosse from London to join the King in Scotland. . . . 

London, Sunday, 29th Sept. — Shoeing the earl's four horses, 2d.; four 
grooms' wages, 6d. ; William de Whitelay arranging the retinue, harness, 
and others, i2d. ; making 20 lb. wax into torches and candles, lod. 

Total, 3s. 4d. 
London, Monday, 30th. — The earl started, reaching St. Albans the 
same day. Wastells for soup, id. ; young pigeons for a roast, 3d. ; . . . 
horse provender i qr. 4 bushels oats, is. 

Total, I2S. yd. 
Dunstable, Tuesday, ist Oct. — Bread for breakfast there, 8d. ; three 
flagons of wine, i2d. ; beer, 6Jd. ; butcher meat, 6d. ; six hens, 9d. ; larks, 
id. ; almonds, 2jd. ; herrings, id. ; hay for horses, 6d. 

Newport-Paignel, same day. — Bread 8d. ; wine, 8d. ; beer, i"5d. ; 
butcher meat, 4d.(?) ; poultry, 5^d. ; young pigeons, 5jd. ; 100 eggs, 4|d. ; 
herrings, ijd. ; eels and pikerells, 2od. ; mustard for store, 4d. ; vergus, 
2d.; gingibo, 3d.; hay for 24 horses, i2d. ; i qr. 4 bushels oats, 3s.; 
lard for the crasset, i^d. ; hiring beds, 2d. 

Total, 1 6s. 5d. 
Northampton, Wednesday, 2d October. — 2 lb. candles, 2d. ; salt, id. ; 
eggs and milk for soup, 3d. ; 100 herrings, i2d. ; (hay and oats ut supra^) 
bran for a sick palfrey, id. ; litter for beds and horses i5d. ; mending and 
filling new saddles for the earl's palfrey and sumpters, 8d. ; hire of bed, 
2d. ; mending the fur of the earl's cape, id. 

Total, 17s. 6J^d. 

Digitized by 


i6o The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Suleby, Thursday, 3d October. — Hay by gift of the Abbot of 

also litter (oats, and hire of bed as before). 

Total, 9s. 3jd. 
Leicester, Friday, 4th October. ^Herrings, 8d. ; lampreys, lad. ; eels, 
6d. ; (horse provender, litter, and hire of bed as before, and repeated 
through the account). 

Total, 13s. 4jd. 
Nottingham, Saturday, sth October. — 'Floundres,' roches, and eels, 
i4d. ; shaving and washing for the earl, 6d. 

Total, iss. 10 Jd. 
Bljrth, Sunday, 6th October. — Bread for breakfast at AUerton, io|d. ; 
five partridges, lod. ; baking them, 2d. 

Total, 16s. ojd. 
Shireburne, Monday, 7th October. — Bread for breakfast at Wentbury, 
lod. ; herring and cheese for those hungry, id. ; hay and bread for the 
horses at Doncaster and Wentbury, i id. ; pears, id. ; hire of a hackney for 
the earFs harness from Blyth to Shireburne, yd. ; and its keep, as one of 
his sumpters could go no further, and was delivered to Sir John de Drok- 
enesford, keeper of the wardrobe, at Blyth. 

Total, 1 6s. o|d. 
York, Tuesday, Sth October. — 2 flagons of white wine, lod. ; red wine, 
8d. ; 4 geese, isd. ; lampreys, 2d. (?) ; roches and perchiis, 6^, 

Total, i8s. 6jd. 
York, Wednesday, 9th Oct — 60 fresh herrings, haddoks, and code- 
lyngs, i6d. ; eels, 8d. ; roches and darsis, yd.; butcher meat for Sir 
Francis, 2d ; unyuns, ^d. ; fur for the coverlid of the earl's bed, 6d. ; 
mending the coffer of candles, |d. 

Total, 19s. 3fd. 
York, Thursday, loth Oct.— Swines flesh, yd. ; mutton, yd. ; four 
geese, i4d. ; and baking them 2d. ; hiring dishes for the kitchen, 3d. 

Total, i;is, OS. 3jd 
York, Friday, nth Oct. — Apples and pears, 2d. ; white peas for soup, 
2d.; almonds, id.; salmon, i2d. ; lampreys, 6d. ; alle and unyuns for 
store, 4d. 

Total, I2S. 3jd 
North Allerton, Saturday, 12th Oct. — Bread for breakfast at Thirsk, 
6d ; making ' sauf napior,' 2d. ; fresh water flsh, 2S. ; the earl's washing, 

Total, 15s. lojd 
Durham, Sunday, 13th Oct. — ^Young pigeons for breakfast and dinner, 
9d. ; larks, 2d. ; bread and hay for 24 horses on the road at Darlington, 
8d. ; ferrying the earl's horses and baggage at Nesham across the Tees, 


Total, I2S. 4|d 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, Monday, 14th Oct. — Mending the earl's hood and 
furs, 6d ; a *hulcia ' for his palfrey, i6d. 

Total, iss. iijd. 
Morpeth, Tuesday, i sth Oct. — A hood for the earl's palfrey, ijd. . . . 

Total, 1 6s. 8fd. 
Bamburgh, Wednesday, i6th Oct. — Bread and hay for the horses at 
Alnewick on the road, yd. 

Total, lis. lo^d 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. i6t 

Berwick, Thursday, 17th Oct. — Carrying the earl's baggage from the 
water of Tweed to the castle, 3d. ; ferrying across Tweed, 3d. 

Total, iss. 8d. 

Note.— On Friday, i8th Oct.— Thomas *atte' Welle and all the other 
Londoners and John the candle bearer with 6 horses and 6 grooms 
returned to London. (The earl and the others remained at Berwick for 
five days longer, till 2 2d Oct., when the account ends. The total of each 
of these days varies from los. 5d. to iis.) Exchequer, Q. R. Miscellanea 
(Army) No. V- 

On 12th Dec. arrived the Earl of Ross with his whole retinue at the 
Prince's entire expences by the King's command. On that Saturday, viz. 
ist Feb., 16 grooms of the Earl of Ross in the company of the Prince, 
and at free quarters by the King's command, were paid for 53 days pre- 
ceding at 2d per diem, 7I. i6d. 

On Monday following (3d) the Earl of Ross went home, and by order 
of the King and council for his expenses, 21 loaves, 18 sesterces of wine, 
3 beeves, a sheep, ij bacon, 500 herrings, 30 cod, and 11 lbs. wax. 

1305. The Earl of Ross having been reconciled to the King was 
appointed Warden beyond the Spey. 

Dec. 6, 1303, circa. No. 141 6. — Account of cost of the armour for the 
Earl of Ross by the hands of Gefrei Merre at Dumfermelyn. 

For a * gambessoun,' of which an * aketun ' was made for the earl, 60s ; 
another 'gambessoun' for him, 40s.; a 'pissone' and * gorger,' 30s. ; a 
* chapel de fer,' 30s. ; a *bacinet,' 8s. ; a pair of *jamberis ov' les warn 
pes,' and a pair of *poleyns,' los. 8d. ; a *colret' of iron, 53. 6d. ; 20 ells 
of red 'sandal,' at i4d. an ell, 23s. 4d. ; 6 J ells of white 'sandal' at i8d. 
an ell, 9s. 9d. ; 8J ells of 'celevermayl' at 4d. an ell, 2s. lod. ; 9 ells of 
worystede at 4d. an ell, 3s. ; silk (saye) bought 2s. 8d. ; thread, i6d. ; 4 
ells of 'aylisham,' lod. ; for candles, i9jd. ; wages of 6 *valez' helping in 
the work for 8 days, at 6d. each daily, 24s. Total, ;;^i2, 13s. 6^d. Also 
for a mail coat for the earl's body, bought from Walter de Rye, loos. 
Total, ;^i7, 13s. 6d. He received on nth Nov. 1303, 10 marks; and 
6th Dec. following iocs. : still due to him, j£6, os. 2d. — ^(Exchequer Q. R. 
Miscellanea (Army) No. VO 

338. Arms of County Council, Stirling. — Excerpt of Letters Patent 
from the Lyon King of Arms in favour of the Council of the County of 
Stirling, dated the 29th of September 1890 : — 

* Whereas the Council of the County of Stirling have by Petition of 
date the Eighteenth day of September current Prayed that We would 
Grant Our Licence and Authority to them and their successors in office 
to bear and use on a Seal or otherwise for official purposes connected 
with the said County such Ensigns Armorial as might be found suitable 
and according to the Laws of Arms : Know ye therefore that We have 
devised, and do by these presents Assign, Ratify, and Confirm to the 
said Council of the County of Stirling and to their Successors in office 
and to the said County of Stirling the following Ensigns Armorial as 
depicted upon the margin hereof and matriculated of even date with these 
presents in Our Public Register of all Arms and Bearings in Scotland, 

VOL. V. — NO. XX. L 

Digitized by 



The Scottish Antiquary ; 

vizt., Azure, on a Saltire between two Caltraps in chief and base, and as 
many Spur rowells in the flanks, Argent, a Lion rampant. Gules, armed 
and langued of the first. 

* Matriculated the Twenty-ninth day of September 1890. 

'(Signed) J. W. Mitchell, 
•Lyon Clerk.' 

339. Edinburgh Bibliographical Society— (a) An Old Edin- 
burgh Printer. — The current session of Edinburgh Bibliographical 
Society was opened with an interesting monograph by Mr. J. S. Gibb, 
on James Watson, the Edinburgh printer, who was a pioneer, an 
improver, and an historian of his art. Watson was the first in Scotland, 
if not in Great Britain, who attempted to set forth the annals of 
printing, and the preface to his work, published in 17 13, is almost the 
only source whence knowledge of the facts of his life can be drawn. His 
father, an Aberdeen merchant of the same name, married a Dutch lady 
whose father had lent money to Charles iii. in the Low Countries during 
the Commonwealth. The elder Watson assisted some of his wife's 
countrymen, whose services had been obtained by an Edinburgh book- 
seller, in the hope of breaking down the monopoly of Anderson, the King's 
Printer. Crippled in his resources by these advances, he applied to the 
king for payment of the debt due to his father-in-law, with the result that 
in 1685 ^c was appointed sole Printer of Almanacs in Scotland, as well as 
Printer to His Majesty's Family and Household, at a salary of ;j^ioo a 
year. Probably his straitened finances led to his books having the 

Digitized by 


or^ Norther 71 Notes and Queries. 163 

imprint of Holyrood House — a locality suspiciously near the Abbey 
Sanctuary. Whether this surmise be correct or not, he did not long 
require either salary or sanctuary, for he died in 1687, leaving his son too 
young to manage the business. It was not till 1695 that young Watson 
'set up,' to use his own expression, and he was immediately attacked by 
his life-long opponent — Mrs. Anderson. On a false representation, she 
obtained from the Privy Council, in 170 1, a warrant to shut up what he 
calls, strangely enough to modern ears, his * workhouse.' Watson explains, 
however, that when the matter comes before the authorities, * she was so 
well exposed that she made no attempt afterwards of that kind.' In 17 11 
Mrs. Anderson's tenure of patent expired, and the gift was transferred to 
Freebaim, Baskett, and Watson, and he then expresses the belief that * the 
art of printing shall lose nothing by Her Majesty's favour to us.' Watson 
admits that the low position of printing was due to other causes besides 
the Anderson patent ; and he enumerates the want of press correctors, 
the low wages of printers, the antiquated forms of presses, and ' the using 
bad lye.' By making improvements in these directions he produced 
some beautiful work, which has hardly been surpassed, even to this day. 
His octavo Bible of 17 15 was highly praised by Sir Walter Scott, and his 
folios of 1722 by Henry Stevens. In the prosecution of his art he had 
to face risks of which modem printers can hardly form an adequate con- 
ception. • For printing several things in the (Edinburgh) Gazette^ which 
are not truths,' he and his editor got into trouble in 1699. In the 
following year, he was imprisoned for printing 'Scotland's Grievance 
Respecting Darien,' but he was speedily released by the mob when the 
success of the Scottish colonists in repulsing the Spaniards became known 
in the city. For a time he kept as much in shadow as his enemy Mrs. 
Anderson would permit, since she succeeded in getting the magistrates to 
forbid him from working, and in procuring a Privy Council warrant to shut 
his shop, on the false representation that he had recanted Popery, and 
embraced Protestantism, for the sake of business. Watson defeated this 
attack, and afterwards, as has been mentioned, secured the transference of 
the patent ; but his antagonist, though defeated, was not vanquished. She 
induced Freebaim and Baskett to combine against Watson, but an 
attempt to dissolve the partnership, was declared illegal, first by the Court 
of Session, and then by the House of Lords. The Rebellion of 17 15 
occurred immediately afterwards, and, Freebaim having become printer 
to the Pretender, the patent was forfeited, while a new one was granted in 
1 7 16, to Baskett and Mrs. Anderson, Personally, Mrs. Anderson did not 
long enjoy her triumph, as she died the same year, worth ;^88,i87, 14s. 
6d., leaving as one of her executors, * John Campbell, corrector of the 
said defunct her press.' Despite the new patent, Watson continued to 
style himself * Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,' and to pro- 
duce Bibles and other exclusive books until his death in 1722. The 
latter portion of his life seems to have been more successful and less 
eventful than his earlier days. He was buried in Greyfriars Churchyard, 
where his narrow house remains unmarked, save by the grass and gowans 
of summer, pressed now and again at long intervals, by the reverent foot- 
steps of some enthusiastic pilgrim, who wishes to see and muse over the 
grave of one who helped so largely and manfully to lay the comer-stone 
of one of Edinburgh's most important industries. The bibliography 
appended to the paper includes upwards of forty works ; and the Board 

Digitized by 


164 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Room table of the Philosophical Institution, where the meeting was held, 
was covered with handsome volumes, the fruit of Watson's labour. Dis- 
cussion, shared in by Mr. Archibald Constable, who presided, and other 
tnembers, took place, and Mr. Gibb received a vote of thanks for his con- 
tribution to the Society. 

{b) A List of Editions of The Book of Common Order (John Knox's 
Liturgy) and Psalms (Old Scottish Version) has been prepared. We can 
only give at present the editions up to 1600. Between 1601 and 1644 
twenty-nine editions of the Psalms were printed (see Society's List). 

Full Titles and Collations are desired of those marked *, and also of 
any editions of the Liturgy or Psalm-Book not included in this List, to be 
sent to Geo. P. Johnston, Secretary, 33 George Street, Edinburgh. 

1556. The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacraments, &c. 

Geneva, John Crespin. 
1556. Ratio et Forma publice orandi Deum, &c. 

Genevae. Johannem Crespinum. 
1^1558. (Geneva Ekiition of this date referred to in Dunlop's Collection of 
Confessions, &c. Vol. IL) 
1 56 1. The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacramentes, &c. 

(No place or printer's name.) 

156 1. The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacramets, &c 

Geneva. Zacharie Durand. 

1562. The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacraments, &c. 

Edinburgh. Robert Lekprewik. 
1564-5. The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacraments, &c. 

Edinburgh. Robert Lekprevik. 

1566. The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacraments, &c. 

Imprim^ pour Henri le Mareschal. 

1567. (Gaelic Translation by John Carswell.) 

Edinburgh. Robert Lekprevik. 
♦1568. (Edition suppressed by order of General Assembly.) 

Edinburgh. Bassandyne. 

1575. The CL Psalms of David in English metre with the Forme of 

Prayers, &c. Edinburgh. Thomas Bassandine. 

♦1578 (circa), (Edition in Black Letter.) Probably Edinburgh. 

•1584. The Forme of Prayers and Administration of the Sacraments, &c 

{No place orprinler's name, — ? Geneva.) 
1587. The CL. Psalmes of David in Meter for the use of the Kirk of 
Scotland, &c. London. Thomas VautroUier. 

♦1594. The Psalmes of David in meter with diverse notes, &c. 

Middleburgh. Richard Schilders. 
1594. The CL. Psalmes of David in Meter, &a 

Edinburgh. Henrie Charteris. 
1595-6. The CL Psalmes of David in Meter with Prayers, &c. 

Edinburgh. Henrie Charteris. 
♦1596. The Psalmes of David in meter, &c. 

Middleburgh. Richard Schilders. 
1599. The CL. Psalmes of David in meiter with the form of prayeris, &a 

Edinburgh. Robert Smyth. 
♦1600. (Edition of this date referred to in Dunlop's Collection of Confes- 
sions, &c. Vol. IL) 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 165 

340. Curious Entries in Old Parochial Registers. — The follow- 
ing entries, some of which have been given me by David Winter, Esq., 
Register House, are interesting, and worth preserving in The Scottish 
Antiquary : — 

Proclamation and Marriage of Mary ^ Queen of Scots, 
{CanongatCy Edinburgh,) 

* The 21 of July Anno Domini 1565. 

* The qlk day Johne Brand, mynister, presentit to ye Kirk ane writting, 
written be ye Justice Clark's hand, desyring ye Kirk of ye Canogait, & 
mynister yairof, To proclame harie, Duk off Albaynye, erle of Roiss, upon 
ye one pairt, and Marie, be ye grace off god quene souerane off this 
realme on ye vthair pairt. The qlk ye Kirk ordanis ye mynister so to do 
w* Invocation off ye name of god.' 

*29 day of July 1565. 
* henry and Marie, Kyng and quene of Scots.' 

(No date.) 

* henry, duk of Albany, erle of roiss, Marie, be the grace of god quene 
soueraine of this realme, i. 2. 3 maried in ye chappell.' 

Murder of Rizzio. 
'Mons'- Singnior dauid vese slane in halyrud house the ix day of 
merche, anno 1565.* 

Murder of Darnley. 
*The Kyng's grace blawen vp w' buder in ye Kirk of feild the x of 
februar 1566.' 

Birth of King Jaffies vi. {Aberdeen,) 
*0n Wednisday the nyntin day of June, the zeir of god 1566 zeiris, 
ouir Kyng grace, James the Saxt, Kyng of Scoitland, was boirin in ye 
caistell of Edinburg, quha ryngis nowe aboye ws, quhame god moitt pre- 
serve in gwid helth and in the feir of god, to do Justice in punishing of 
wrayng and in manttinyin the trewcht all the dais of his lyfe. So be itt.' 

Murder of the Regent Moray, (Aberdeen,) 
*The twenty thre day of Januar, the zeir of god 1569 zyrs, James, erll 
of Murray, lord Abernethie, regent to the Kyng and realme of Scoitland, 
was crwelly murderist and schoitt in the toun of lythco be ane falss tray- 
towre, James Hamyltoun of bodywallhaucht, be the cosspyrase and traissvn 
of his awin serwant, Wilzem Kyrcaldy, and Johne Hamyltoun, bludy 
bischoip of Santandrois, quhois deid we pray god to rewenge. So be itt.' 

{Aberdeen Register of Marriages,) 
. * VVriten by me, Walter CuUen, reder of Abden, the 19 day of Marche, 
the zeir of god 1570 zeires. 

* This prophece is fund in ane aid cronikill of ane Italiane writing tway 
hundrecht zeir sein, & the copie zof feud in Germanie, and was gottin 
fray ane Joachimis Camerarius, extendand to the zeir of god 1580 zeirs. 

Farraria breinet, . . . .70 

Syprus & Syon recedet, . . .71 

Pastor non erit, . . . .72 

Ira dei super nos, . . -73 

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1 66 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

A paucis coiioscetur et cristus, . .74 

Preliu magnfi erit in uni versa terra, . 75 

Affrica Ardebet, . .76 

Surget vir maximus, . -77 

Europa trepidabit, . . . .78 

Fanus erit super universam terrain, . 79 

Fiet vnu ovile et vnG pastor, . 80 ' 

Murder of Colligny^ Admiral of France, {Aberdeen.) 
*The twenty fourth of Awgwst, the zeir of god 1572 zeiris, Jaispart of 
Culleyne, gryt adrairall of france, was crwelly murdrest in paris ond' 
colluir of frendschip at the Kyng of Nawerin's brydell, & onder nycht, be 
the mosit cursitt Kyng of france, mansuir his bond, and be the dewyse of 
the paip, cardinails, bischoipis, aboits, priowris, moynks, freires, chaunwnis, 
prestis, nwnnis, & haill rabell of y* deweilHge switt of papists dewysit at 
the counsall of treyntt, quhas crwel murder v/e pray god to rewenge. So 
be itt.' 

{St, Madoc.) 2 June 1594. 

* The same day c5perit Ja. untene & Ja. Jhin and allegdit aganis ye 
bandes of Andrew Phin yt ye said Andrew was ane Idiot & nocht of 
wit & jugdmgtt to governe hsself & y feir was left be his fay" to ye said 
James Phin & also ye said Meg ha being ane proud zoung and baugld 
hissie gSl had begeglit ye said Andro in his splicitie & y feir y6 bath dissent 
frome ye bands & desyrit yg to be stay it.' 

{Burial Record, Chapel Royal, Holyrood,) 
*Sir Gedeon Murray, Treasurer Deputy to King James the VI., died 
at Edinburgh in the month of July 162 1, and his corps interred in the 
church of Holyroodhouse. His death was occasioned, according to 
Spottiswoode, by giving scope to his passions of anger and grief at a 
malicious information which was made against him by James Stewart, 
styled the Lord Ochiltry. By his death the King did lose a good 

* Saturday, 1 6 February 1 645. 
^ The President of the Parliament (Earl Lauderdale) entreats the whole 
house, that at 2 o'clock this afternoon the Members of this house would 
honour the corps of the Earl of Haddington (who died the 5*^ of this 
month) in conveying them from St Giles' church, Edinburgh, to the Abbey 
church of Holyroodhouse, the place of their interment.* 

* 3 June 1658. 
• * Compeired Grissell Hall for going home betwixt Sermons, who having 
no relevant excuse, is to be publicly rebukit the nixt day.' 

{Register of Marriages, City of Edinburgh^ 

^February 18, 1656. 
'The quhilk day John Aitchesone and Maria Aitken were laulie 
married at the church of Saint Cuthberts by Mr. Patrick Hepburn, 
mynister y', and that by virtue of a Licence from John, Lord Bishop of 
Edinburgh, of the date the 16 instant, Before famous witnesses.' 

{Register of Dumfries.) 

* The Rebells with the Pretendir's Son were in the Town of Dumfries 
on Saturday, Sunday, and Monday last, so that we had no publick worship 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 167 

in the churches of Dumfries on Sabbath the twentieth and Second day of 
December 1745. The officer reports he could not summonds the persons 
he was appoynted to summonds to the dyet in regard to the present 

Henry Brougham — Lord Brougham, ( City of Edinburgh, ) 
'Wednesday, 30 September 1778, Henry Brougham, Esq., Parish of 
Saint Giles, and Eleonora Syme, his Spouse, a Son born the 19 curr*., 
[was baptized], named Henry-Peter. Witnesses, Mr. Archibald Hope, 
Royal Bank, & the Rev. Principal Robertson.' 

Dr, Thomas Chalmers. (Anstruther Easter,) 
'1779, March 19, Mr. John Chalmers, merch*., and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Hall, Spouses, had a Son baptized, born the 17 day, named Thomas.' 
Sir David Brewster, {Parish of Jedburgh,) 

* 1 781, Mr. James Brewster, rector of the Grammar School in Jedburgh, 
and Margaret Key, his Spouse, had a child born 11 Dec'., and this day 
(23**) Baptized, named David. Mr. John Clark, Schoolmaster, and Andrew 
Preston, Church officer, both in Jedburgh, Witnesses.' 

Sir Colin Campbell — Lord Clyde. {Glasgow,) 

* John M*Liver, Wright, and Agnes Campbell, a Lawful Son, bom 20 
October 1792 [was baptized]. Witnesses, Kenneth M*Callum & Duncan 

Thomas Carlyle, {Parish of Middlebie,) 

* 1796, October 9, Walter Carlyle, Oldhall, and his Spouse, Mary Edgar, 
had a Son bap^., his name Thomas. 

341. Orkney Folklore. Sea Myths. — 5. The Sea Trews, — The 
unlettered mind, in its superstitious beliefs, seems to have had a shadowy 
foreboding of the modem idea of evolution. First, we have the Mother 
of the Sea, answering all the purposes of protoplasm. Then we have 
Terran, the Stoor Worm,^ and Nuckelavee, to eradicate all inferior types of 
existence. So much for natural selection. In evolution we have, by a 
great bound, Nuckelavee, half man half beast; next we have the Sea 
Trow, in the form of a man, with the mind of a beast ; next the Seal, a 
beast, yet able to assume the form of man ; next comes the Fin Man, 
with astute mind, and well developed human form, yet with all the 
conveniences of a fish for aqueous existence and locomotion. And all 
is crowned by the lovely Mermaid, with her captivating charms, and 
unrivalled beauty. 

But all this is a digression. 

The Sea Trow is represented as the ugliest creature imaginable. His 
face is like that of a monkey ; his huge unwieldy limbs out of all 
proportion to his attenuated body ; his head slopes to a sharp angle at 
top, like the roof of a house ; and his feet are flat, and round as a mill- 
stone. His home is in the sea, to which he has been banished by the 
superior power of the Land Trows ; and when on land, of which he is very 
fond, his movements are clumsy, slow, and wabbling. His mental 
powers are of a low order. He is not vicious ; but sometimes tries a 
trick on man, which often ends in his own confusion. His favourite 
rendezvous is the foreshore, so dear to all supernatural beings — that is, the 

^ This was incorrectly printed Stove worm in our last number, page 134. — Ed. 

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1 68 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

ground between high and low water, when left dry by the ebb. He 
would fain extend his wanderings inland, but dare not, for fear of his 
deadly enemy the Land Trow. He is well aware that conflict with this foe, 
by whom he has been so often conquered, can only end in his own 
confusion. The sea is the only safe retreat from his oppressor. 

Too lazy to catch fish for himself, the Sea Trow would often lie at the 
bottom of the sea, watching the fishermen's lines. If a fish was caught 
on the hook, the Trow would unhook the fish, conveying it to his own 
capacious mouth. Where there was no fish, the Trow would satisfy his 
hunger by gently removing the bait from the hook. But this was a 
dangerous prank ; for the Trow was sometimes hooked, and drawn up to 
the surface. When, if his frightful appearance did not terrify the 
fishermen, he got the due reward of his temerity. Such a story is told in 
one of what was called * Here meed rhymes ' (here made). After 
describing the dread terror of the boatmen at seeing the unshapely 
monster alongside, he having been hauled up on one of their lines, the 
rhyme says : — 

' The Geudman o' Ankam was grippid wi' grace, 
He ap wi* the aethic steen, an' sank i' his face, 
An' heem day rowed i' muckel fare. 
An' sang a psalm, an' meed a prayer.' 

(* Ap ' means up \ ' aethic steen,' anchor stone ; * i^x^^ fear,) 

I had almost forgotten to say that the Sea Trow's skin was covered 
with scales, and his hair matted, so that it looked like fins falling round 
his head ; and his fingers and toes webbed. 

I have often wondered if we have in the Sea Trow the shadowy 
memorial of a race of men, of low type, akin to the Laps or Esquimaux, 
a race probably expelled in prehistoric times by a wave of conquering 
Celts. If so, this is curious, as the Celts themselves are thought to be 
typified by the trolls of their conquerors, the Norsemen. But I must not 
venture on the slippery ground of speculation. 

6. The Fin Folk, — This sea-abiding community, which bulks so 
large in the old popular belief, must, in my treatment of them, be 
divided into three classes — namely. Fin Men, Fin Wives, and the 

(i.) The Fin Mefi, — As to the origin of the name Fin, I shall not attempt 
to undo the musty knot. I do believe the word Fin has no more to do 
with Finland than with moonland. The Orcadian peasantry of the past 
were not aware of the existence of Finland. And when I asked any of 
the old people why Fin Men were so named, they would smile, at what 
they regarded as my simple ignorance, and say, * Why, surely, because they 
wear fins \ onybody may ken that ! ' Luckily this question is beyond my 
sphere ; I merely register what were the popular beliefs half a century ago. 
I give the dry bones of these myths ; let the learned who list clothe them 
with flesh and blood. 

The Fin Man is represented as a well-formed, lithe, sinewy and active 
man, with a dark and gloomy visage. He is deeply versed in, or rather is 
the very embodiment of, sorcery and magic. And it is this connection 
with the supernatural that gives to his countenance an austere and gloomy- 
aspect. He wears fins ; but they are so cunningly disposed that when 
seen by mortal eye they look like the human dress. He is amphibious, 
but his chosen element is the sea. His winter or rather permanent 

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home is called Finfolkaheem, at the bottom of the sea. His summer or 
occasional residence is Hildaland. Both of these abodes may be spoken 
of when I give what may be called the mythical geography of my subject. 
The Fin Man was often seen rowing in a small boat, but never showed a 
sail. His powers of rowing were unequalled ; he could pass from Orkney 
to Norway, or from Orkney to Iceland, with seven warts (strokes of the 
oar). The Fin Man's relationship with men is, as a rule, unfriendly. One 
great cause of quarrel is, men daring to fish on the Fin Man's preserves. 
He would often seize the end of the fisherman's line when at the bottom, 
and hold on till the line broke ; leaving the fisherman minus hook and 
sinker. When the boat is at anchor he will sometimes slip off the anchor 
stone. And, above all, will in the dead of night wreak his vengeance on 
the fishermen's boats, making a concealed hole on some part of the boats, 
or breaking the oars. There was, however, one all-powerful safeguard 
against the depredations of the Fin Men. If the wary fisherman cut a 
cross on his sinker, and marked with chalk a cross on his boat, no Fin Man 
would come within half a mile of either. Pbr, if there was one thing in 
the universe of which the Fin Man stood in dread, and on which he looked 
with the deepest abhorrence, it was the sign of the cross. But, if the 
Fin Man feared and hated the cross, he dearly loved white or silver money; 
and by means of white money the Fin Man often became serviceable to 
man. There are numerous tales or anecdotes illustrating the Fin Man's 
intercourse with man ; but want of space forbids their insertion. 

When the old people were asked why the Fin Men are now never seen ? 
they would answer, * The Fin Men cinno' live whar' the true Gospel is 
preached on de land, and a sprole used for fishing on de sea.' The first 
of these reasons is always given to account for the disappearance of super- 
natural beings in modem days. To understand the second reason, it 
should be understood that the sprole forms with the sinker a kind of cross. 
The use of the sprole in fishing is a modern invention here, and enables 
the fisher to use two hooks on one line. 

Each Fin Man had a boat which, at his pleasure, he could render in- 
visible. And when he chose to amuse himself at the expense of men, he 
could, by throwing on the sea a number of chips, each of which appeared 
to the human eye a boat, thus surround himself with a whole crowd of 
phantom boats. No sail was ever seen on a Fin Man's boat. When seen 
in his boat he always appeared in the act of rowing. But his apparent 
rowing was mere pretence, his boat being really propelled by the power of 
sorcery. The speed of his boat so propelled was swifter than fowl in air, 
or fish in sea. Yet his boat was by no means indispensable to him for 
locomotion either on sea or land. 

In this Fin Man myth perhaps we have the dim memorial of a race 
or party who, on the establishment of Christianity in the North, held 
doggedly to the old pagan faith, and were, of course, anathematized 
by the Church, and tabooed by society. In such a position, where was a 
Norseman to find a home but on the sea ? 

(2.) Fin Wives, — The Fin Wives are classed separately, because they 
were credited with a large amount of interest in, and a closer connection 
with, human affairs than their male relatives. 

Being the children of Fin Folk, they were, while young and unmarried. 
Mermaids. But married life told most unfavourably on their features and 
form. Seven years of married life made the beautiful Mermaid like the 

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1 70 The Scottish Antiqimry ; 

common run of women among the human race ; fourteen years made them 
ugly, and twenty-one years of the married yoke made them ungainly in 
form, and in features disgustingly ugly. Indeed, it was one effect of the 
dread curse under which Fin Folk lay, that the most beautiful of earthly 
creatures, the Mermaid, should by marriage become in time an old woman, 
wrinkled, wizzened, faded in face, and repulsive in form. The Fin Wife, 
when she became old and ugly, was often sent on shore to collect white 
money by the practice of witchcraft among men. And in this art her 
power was accounted superlative. When settling on shore, she passed 
herself off as a woman of the human race. If she settled in Orkney, she 
said she came from Caithness or Shetland ; if settling in Shetland, she 
came from Orkney or Caithness. Sometimes she went about as a strolling 
beggar ; but most frequently pretended to earn a living by spinning and 
knitting. And no one could match her at knitting-needles and spinning- 
wheel. Skilful in curing disease in man and cattle, she soon ingratiated 
herself with her neighbours ; and gradually began her infernal art. She 
generally kept a black cat, which, transformed into a fish, became the 
messenger between its mistress and her relatives in Finfolkland. If the 
supplies of white money came sparingly or were long delayed, she would 
be visited by her Fin husband, who often administered a conjugal thrash- 
ing, which confined the old witch to bed for some days. Her powers in 
witchcraft were enormous ; let one example suffice as proof. 

The goodman of Feracleat, in Rousay (one of the Orkneys), was a 
great trader to Norway. He was sailing home from his third voyage one 
year, late in autumn, when, overtaken by a violent storm, his boat was 
driven on shore in Shetland, and he and his crew with difficulty saved their 
lives. Winter set in rough, and there was no hope of getting to Orkney 
till spring ; so the goodman of Feracleat took lodgings with a canty old 
wife, who treated him well. Now it happened on Christmas eve, at supper- 
time, that the goodman of Feracleat was very dull and downhearted ; he 
ate little and said nothing. The old wife rallied him on his gloomy mood, 
and urged him to eat ; but to little purpose. At length, he began to be- 
moan himself to her : * Alack-a-day ! How can I be merry this night ? The 
morn is Yuleday. Oh dear ! oh dear ! It will be the first Yuleday that I 
have been away from my ain firesaid, and from my wife and bairns since I 
married. Alas ! well may I be sad and doure ! ' * Well,' says the wife, * I 
warrant ye would fain be aside you ain folk at sic a time. And I 'm well 
sure ye would give the best cow in your byre if ye could be aside your 
wife by cock-craw on Yule morning.* *Ay, that I would with all my 
heart, Lord knows,' said he. * Well, well ! it *s all well that ends well,' 
said the wife. * But tak ye a drop of gin, and go to bed, goodman ; and, 
if ye tell me your dreams in the morning, I'll give you a silver merk for 
hansel on Yuleday,' so the man went to bed, and never awoke till 

The goodwife of Feracleat lay that night lonely and sad ; for she did 
not know whether her husband was dead or alive. And she thought, as she 
went to bed, it would be a dreary Yule to her. On Christmas morning, 
when she awoke, she was aware of some one lying under the blankets 
beside her. And she knew by his deep snoring that a man lay at her 
side. She struck at the intruder, crying out : * Ye ill-bred, ill-descended 
villain ! How dare ye come into an honest woman's bed. Get out, ye 
muckle beast, or, by the Lord that made thee, I '11 tear thee tae clouts ! ' 

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'Is that thy voice, my ain Maggie/ said the man, as she attempted to 
seize him by the throat When she heard his voice, she cried out, * Bless 
me ! Art thou my own goodman ? ' And sure enough, so it was. And 
he had been transported from Shetland to his home in Rousay by the 
power of the woman with whom he lodged, for she was a Fin Wife witch. 

And as the goodwife of Feracleat was rejoicing over her husband's 
homecoming, he said, * Goodwife, I doubt thou wilt not be so blythe when 
thou comes to know what it cost to bring me home I * And they both 
went to the byre, and found their best cow gone. And the goodwife 
cried, * Oh, it 's Brenda ! She 's taen the best cow, and the best milker in 
the byre ! ' 

And this is a true tale ; for Johnnie Flet, a Rousay man, was in Shetland 
the summer after, and he saw the cow tethered near the auld wife's house. 
And he knew the cow quite well. 

I may add that the old man who related this adventure to me had not 
the slightest doubt of its veracity. How often have I had to feign belief 
in the wildest stories in order to secure the confidence of my sensitive 
narrators! W. Traill Dennison, 

West Brough, Sanday, Orkney. 

342. Old Dutch Brass Box (vol. iv., 153, v., 36, 36).— Mr. Baird, 
Merchant, Alloa, has allowed us to give an engraving of the lid of a box. 

which, in its general features, resembles the two specimens already 
engraved. This box has been in the possession of Mr. Baird's family for 
very many years. It is impossible to fix a date for the manufacture of 
these boxes, but it seems probable that they are as old as the latter part 
of the 17 th century, and may have been brought to this country by Dutch 
sailors. Had they been made for the British market the designs would 
doubtless have been less Dutch in their character. On the bottom of 
this specimen there is engraved a bunch of three tulips. — Ed. 

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172 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

343. Notes on Cults Parish Church, Fifeshire, — The parish 
church and manse of Cults stand contiguous, about three miles and a 
half south-west of Cupar. The parish in early times appears as Quylt, 
and belonged to St Salvator's College, St. Andrews (Scott's Fasti). 
Alexander Skene, D.D., Provost of St. Salvator's College, was minister 
here in 1685. He was a son of Sir Andrew Skene of Halyards, who was 
knighted by Charles i. at Edinburgh, along with three others, who served 
as esquires upon the installation of General Leslie as Earl of Leven. — 
(Skene Memorials,) 

The present manse was erected in 1795; i^ "^"^t therefor have been 
in a previous building that the famous painter. Sir David Wilkie, was 
born on i8th November 1785, his father having been minister of this 
parish for 38 years. The church contains several interesting mural monu- 
ments to members of the Wilkie family, including one, executed in white 
marble, by Chantrey, from Sir David's own design, to the memory of his 
father and mother, and bearing life-size medallion portraits, taken from 
paintings by their gifted son. 

There is also a similar monument to Sir David. A time-piece fixed in 
the front of the gallery bears to have been presented to the church by 
* Miss Helen Wilkie of London, as a memorial of the Rev. David Wilkie, 
her fafher, and Sir David Wilkie, R.A., her brother, and of her own 
regard for her native parish of Cults, ist January 1843.* 

The church is said to have been built in 1793, which date is inscribed 
on the belfry, but the fabric was altered and enlarged about fifty years 
ago. The bell bears an inscription which could not be read from the 
ground. A small portion of an older structure exists at the lower part of 
the west gable, where characteristic ashlar work of probably the 15th cen- 
tury may be seen. 

On certain old stones, utilised in the present structure, at least three 
instances exist of the use of a mason's mark, corresponding to one which 
may be seen on the ruins of Blackford Parish Church, Perthshire. This 
mark is noteworthy as being the largest I have ever seen, and points to 
the probability of its having been the work of the same workman. One 
example of the mark measured 4^ inches by 3 J inches. The burying 
ground has been modernised ; and all, or nearly all, the old stones have 
been removed. I observed one peculiar name, on a stone bearing the 
date 1752, to the memory of Janet Shunger, daughter of John Shunger, 

A very fine hawthorn, said to be the oldest tree of the species in Fife, 
stands at the foot of a cottage garden to the south of the church. On 
my visit a few weeks ago it was literally covered with haws of a very large 
and luscious description. And notwithstanding the abundant crop on the 
tree, the ground underneath was thickly strewn with fallen fruit The 
trunk, to the height of about 7 feet, where it divides into two, has a girth 
of 7 feet 4 inches. Its height is 30 feet, and the diameter of branches 
30 ft. 

The lintel over the gate in the garden wall, entering to the manse, 
bears the following two lines of Latin, incised in a small antique Italian 

Invent portum^ spes etfortuna valcte^ 
Sat me lusistiSy ludite nunc alios, 

[I have entered the gate, farewell fame and fortune, ye have sufficiently 
deluded me, delude now others.] 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 173 

Can any of your readers give the author of these lines ? Can they be 
a relic of the Dr. Skene above referred to? A, Hutch eson. 

Broughty Ferry. 

344. Annie Lawrie (see No. 321, vol. v. p. 141). — The song * Annie 
Lawrie * is supposed to have been written by Douglas of Fingland. She was 
daughter of Sir Robert Lawrie of Maxwelton, Bart., and was born i6th 
December 1682. In 1709 she married Fergusson of Craigdarroch, and 
sometime afterwards Douglas of Fingland married Betty Clark of Glenboig. 

Anne Mary Wortley Montagu Lawrie, whose birth is recorded as of 
the date June 13, 1769, was daughter of Sir Robert Lawrie, 5th Baronet, 
and grandmother of the present possessor of Maxwelton, Sir Emilius 
Lawrie, Bart. F. B. 

345. Rose mss. — Inventory of mss. collected by Mr. W. Rose but now 
amissing {continued from p. 1 39). — 

48. A genealogical account of the Barclays and of Barclay of Urie for 
twelve generations, brought down to 1699. 

49. MS. containing many excellent rules for our conduct in life, well 
worth observation in every station. 

50. Judicial trial of Barbara Innes and Mary Collie for witchcraft, at 
Elgin, 6th Nov. 1662, in a Court wherein convened the Lord Bishop 
of Murray, the Sheriff of Murray, Coxton, David Stewart, Commissary of 
Murray, George Leslie of Findrassie, and the Provost and Baillies of 
Elgin, viz. : — George Gumming, Provost (Auchry's predecessor), Thos. 
Calder, John Dunbar, Wm. Gumming, and Alex. Petrie, baillies; Dr. 
Thomas Gordon and Mr. John Douglas of Morriston, in whose presence 
the members of the Court are constituted, and jury called by James 
Wiseman, Fiscal, in place of the Judge Advocate, James Chalmers. The 
jury are : — David Brodie of Pitgavenny, John Leslie of Middeton, Archd. 
Dunbar of Newtown, John Brodie in Mayne, Thos. Gordon in Monachtie, 
Alex. Smith in Duffus, John King in Pleugh Lands (he was ancestor to 
King of Newmill), Mark Maver, portioner of Urquhart, Robert Innes, 
portioner of Urquhart, Robert Guthrie in Brown Bridge, Alexander 
Russell, Elder Robert Gibson of Linkwood, John Ogilvie, John Maver of 
Urquhart, Alexander Anderson in Garmoch, Alex. Stronach in Newmill, 
Wm. Dunbar in Essil, George Gordon of Newton, Patrick Tulloch of 
Ballnagith, John Hamilton in Boghead, Archd. Geddes of Essil, John 
Dunbar of Binns, Lieut-Col. Lachlan Rose of Loch, John Urquhart of 
Burgerge (?), Patrick Papley in White Wreath. The said persons accused 
being guilty of the horrid crime of witchcraft by committing of malA fide, 
entering into paction with the devil, by renouncing your baptism and 
doing other heinous crimes, that is, the devil came in upon you in bed in 
the Fryar Wynd, and laying with you, and had carnal dealing with you, and 
Mr. James Horn the minister heard you confess that you had carnal 
dealing with the devil, and that the devil gave you a new name, and called 
you * Bonnie Batsy,' and saw you with the devil at the Little Moss and 
' Gutter Stane,' that you had caused another woman called Grissel Purse 
to charm Margaret Anderson and put her three times through her belt, 
and thereafter she became well. They all found the persons guilty, except 
Col. Lachlan Rose, who was ignorant; and John Leslie the Chancellor 
signed the verdict; therefore the sentence is, they are ordained to be taken 

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174 ^^^ Scottish Antiquary ; 

outwith the West Port of the Burgh of Elgin, being Tuesday, nth Nov. 
then instant, at one o'clock in the afternoon, and there, first to be strangled 
to the death, and thereafter their bodies and bones to be burnt to ashes, 
and that for doom, which was accordingly put in execution. [51. Deest.] 

52. Curious old mss. found among the records belonging to the town 
of Elgin in October 1783. 

53. Suit roll of the County of Murray, wherein all the barons and 
gentlemen are convened for furnishing of soldiers, denominating each 
heritor's quota. 

54. A sasine in favours of Dr. Thomas Gordon, physician in Elgin, 
of four manses, lately Dunkinty's property in the College of Elgin, upon 
Grant of Ballindalloch's disposition, 1662. 

55. Charter of confirmation granted by Alex. Falconer, lawful son of 
Colin Bp. of Murray, of certain lands, with consent of his father, to David 
Stewart, commissary of Murray. Infeftment about 1680. 

56. Tax roll of the Bishopric of Murray for the Bishop's relief of the 
taxation granted to his Majesty in August 162 1, stented by Robert Innes 
of that ilk, John Stewart of Kinmaichly, and many others, with the names 
of all the vassals of the Bishopric, and lands which they possessed of the 

57. Head Court at Michaelmas (4th Oct. 1671), Sir Alex. Innes of 
Coxton, heritable baillie of the Bishopric of Murray, wherein all the 
vassals, entered and unentered, are there inserted with the suit roll of the 
said Regality and Head Court 

58. MS. of the proportion between gold and silver coined, and in 
bullion wrought and unwrought, with reasons for so doing, and examples, 
with the proportions of different states. 

59. MS. of the old Church grants and charters to great families in Scot- 
land, Chancellor Melrose, etc., lives and deaths of kings, popes, bishops, 
and great men, wherein Bp. Robert Reid is said to be the first president 
of the Court of Session, and Bishop Gavin Dunbar Dean of Murray. 

60. Copy tack of the teinds of Cowbin and Muirtown, lands of 
Dalpotty and others in the baronies of Cowbin, granted by Murdoch, 
Bishop of Murray, and his chapter, to Walter Kinnaird of Cowbin, anno 
1663, ^or nineteen years. 

61. MS. account of the root, rise, and offspring of the family of Grant, 
their connections, marriages, and different tribes and clans, particularly 
how they came to have right to the lands acquired from the Cummings, 
brought down to 1 700, consisting of twenty-six pages. 

62. Rental of the victual and money payable out of the Bishopric of 
Edinburgh, with a rental of the Abbacy of New Abbey in Galloway. 

63. A curious rental of the whole patrimony belonging to the priory 
and convent of Urquhart annexed thereto, comprehending therein every 
town in the Glen of Pluscardy, the Barony of Fochabers and Belly, the 
mills of Elgin, Forres, Monachtie, Delpotty, Alter, the whole sucken of 
the forestry of Drumyne and Tarnaway, Mills of Grangehill, barony 
thereof, and of Dors in the county of Nairn, wrote in Latin about 1449, 
wherein is also contained the teinds of the Barony of Innes, Leuchars, 
Mefts, and others in the parish of Urquhart, the teinds also notninatim et 
separatim of the Glen of Pluscardy, all which agree with the valuation of 
teinds 1621, and, what is curious, with the use of payment to this day, and 
explaining that the rents now established where no improvements took 

Digitized by 


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place previous to the year 1768 were the same as in 1499 and possibly 
for many years before. This rental contains also an old boundary dividing 
Urquhart and the Earldom of Rothes and thanedom lands on Speyside, 
which, if it had been established, would have cut Lord Fyfe out of some 
thousand acres. (Recovered from Capt. Dunbar of Westfield,) 

64. Copy taken from the records of the above valuation, 1629, con- 
taining the parishes of Alves, Kinloss, and all to the Eastward in the 
county of Elgin, with the valuators' names, and consisting of 28 folios and 
some useful observations thereanent 

65. Notes of the ancient proprietors and thanes of Aberchirder, pro- 
gress at different periods, states of old and new extents in different 
counties, particularly Aberdeen, Kincardine, Banff, Murray and Nairn. 

66. Declaration of Sir John Gordon of Haddo at his execution, 1644, 
and vindication of John and George Gordon, his servants. 

67. MS. account of the noble family of Dunbar, containing their 
genealogy and origin, also tables of the families of Earls Home and 
Marchmont, and of the Earls of Murray and family of Westfield ; item, an 
account of the Earls of Murray of the name of Dunbar, and of the children 
of Sir Alex. Dunbar of Westfield, written in metre anno 1554. 

68. Along with the last is a succinct account of the family of Innes, 
their origin, genealogy, etc., together with a copious appendix, very useful 
to illustrate the foregoing part of the manuscript. By perusing the mss. 
of Dunbar you will find several anecdotes of the numerous cadets of this 
family, and the composition in metre, anno 1554, adds curiosity as well as 
information, and the same observation as to the alliances and cadets of 
Innes may be made, adding that an account of the lands, ancient and 
modern, in possession of the respective families and charters thereon are 

69. Stent and taxation roll of the Earldom and Barony of Caithness, 
dividing the parishes and expressing the old extents in April 1636, with 
particular notes of the bishopric and other ecclesiastical benefices of 
Caithness, with the rents of the deanery, chantry, treasury, chancery and 
common Kirks. Item, an old rental of the lands belonging to the 
Bishopric of Orkney lying within the Sheriffdom of Caithness, with a 
rental of the Earldom of Caithness for crop 1674, with the Rev. Mr. Pope 
his letter of the whole chaplainries in that Bishopric. 

70. Extract of the retours and old extents of the Sheriffdom of BanfiF, 
under the hands of John Baird, Sheriff-Clerk of the county, taken up 9th 
January 1552. 

71. An old rental and tax roll containing the old extents of the county 
of Aberdeen, taken up anno 1548. Item, a correct ms. and collection of 
the retour duties of Aberdeenshire conformed to special services narrating 
the heritors and their lands from the year 1550 to the year 1680, taken 
from the records, both of which papers are of great use. 

72. Attested copy or extract of the roll and valuations, and rent of the 
lands in their shire in Scotland, taxing 48s. Scots upon every ;£^ioo Sc. in 
July 1653. 

73. Valued rent or old valuation roll, subscribed 8th May 1667 ; 
added thereto is the old retoured laws of the county of Elgin and Forres, 
in which is described the King's property which belonged to Douglas oif 
Pittendrich, inter alia the third part of Duffus forfeited after the fall of the 
Douglases 1460. 

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176 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

74. Another and more exact copy of the said Valuation and old extent 
of the county of Murray, attested by Baillie Rob'. Donaldson, sometime 
collector of cess of said shire. [75. Deest.] 

76. Copy attested by Robert Urquhart of Burgerge, and Mr. Arch. 
Dunbar, schoolmaster of Angus, containing the original minutes of the 
Valuation last expressed, in which is mentioned * the valued rent of the 
shire of Elgin, being ^^66,072, iis. iid., makes the real rent of said 
shire of Murray ;^i98,2i7, 13s.,' or ;^i6,5i8, 2s. gd. stg., which at £1 
Sc. per boll is equal to 40,000 bolls victual, which was the real rent of the 
shire, besides canes and services in anno 1667. 

77. Original valuation roll of the county of Banff 25th April 1679, found 
to amount to ;^8o,ooo Sc. The last revaluation was in 1667. Also a 
valuation in consequence of an Act of Parliament, dated 7th June 1690, 
which is the rule of practice. 

78. Valuation of shire of Mearns as it was revalued anno 1657, with 
some curious notes relative to religious controversy. 

79. Copy of the original valuation roll of the county of Aberdeen, 
anno 1674, with a copy of the roll of said county corrected by the com- 
missioners 1740, and a third corrected 1750. 

80. Valuation rolls of the shires of (i) Inverness, 14th May 1691 ; (2) 
Cromarty, 1710; (3) Ross, 1742; and (4) Caithness, 1779. 

81. Rental of the Lordship of Rothes as the same is authenticated 
26th Dec. 1684, at Leslie House, with some inventories of rights concern- 
ing the lands of Aikenway. 

82. Inventories of rights of lands which belonged to Meldrum of 
Fyvie, and his connections, the Meldrums of Eden, Auchterless, Halton, 
and Laithers, mentioning a retour of Wm. Meldrum of Halton as heir to 
James's father, and a retour of Sir George Ogilvie of Camousie, mention- 
ing that John Allardyce of that ilk gave George Meldrum of Fyvie the 
Barony of Auchterless, and that William of Montcoffer is his brother. 

83. Excerpts from the original Household account of the Duke of 
Lennox, while living at the Abbey of Edinburgh, and travelling 
through the country, containing the price of poultry, beef, hams, and 
other fleshes, desserts, baking meat, herbs, milk, cheese, coal, washing of 
linen, price of wine and horse provender, candles, etc 

84. MS. case relative to the estate of Monymusk, the priory thereof, 
the lands holding of the Bishop of St. Andrews, etc., and how these lands 
are separated in their holdings, and distinguished in their feu-duties, as 
well as what lands belong to the parson of the parish. [85. Deest] 

86. Exact rentals within the Earldom of Ross and Lordship of 
Ardmenach now erected into the barony called Delne, belonging to Sir 
Wm. Keith of Delne, containing the yearly rents and augmentation, with 
the particular names of heritors of that extensive country, which rental 
appears to have been established in Sir Wm. Keith's time at or subsequent 
to the Reformation, with another rental of Sir Wm. Keith's, with the 
heritors' names and augmentation at the entry of every heir, together "with 
a rental of the Chantry of Ross in 1646, with a long judicial procedure in 
1623 anent the mill multures of the mill of Milton and lands thirled 
thereto, called Priesthill, Bellintrach, PoUay and UlladoU, the nature of 
the thirlage, extent thereof and claims relative thereto. 

87. Description of the titles of the Earl of Buchan to lands and 
superiorities, particularly to Melrose, Auchmedden, Pitgair, etc., 1687, 
wherein Ramsay, Baillie of Frasersburgh and other vassals are named. 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 177 

88. Authentic copies of King Duncan's Charter, anno 1094, with two 
copies of the two original Charters granted by King Malcolm and King 
Alexander 11., with copy Charter of James in. to James Innes of that ilk 
given at Blackness upon the lands of Walkmilly, Hatton, Langbride, 
Blackhills, and haugh of Dipple. 

89. An old MS. of Matthew Lumsden of Tillibarn, author of the 
History of the Family of Forbes, 1580. 

{To be continued,) 

346. Old Sundial at Alloa (vol. iv. p. 30). — * We have been favoured 
by an Alloa gentleman with the following Note : — 

* It appears that the Architect's father, Thomas Bachup, was mason to 
the Earl of Mar in the end of the 17th Century. John Crawford, a local 
Antiquary, had a curious document in his possession, a Contract between 
John, Earl of Mar, and Thomas Bachup, Masone in Alloway for building a 
new arch at the bridge of Tullibody, mending the Pier and the Culsie, 
i8th January 1697. The Deed is signed by Tobias Bachup as a witness. 
There is an old house in Kirkgate here which was built by Tobias. It 
has a sculptured stone on the front dated 1695 with the initials of him- 
self and wife T B and M L. His wife, to whom he was married in 1684, 
was named Margaret Lindsay.' — Footnote in Macdowall's History of 
Dumfries, R. C. W. 

347. Glaud (vol V. p. 140, No. 329). — In Yonge's History of Christian 
Names Gladus is mentioned as the masculine form of Claudius, Glaud 
being the Scotch form, but often softened into Claud. 

The Welsh Gladys^ and the Cornish Gladuse are also derived from the 
same source. Geo. Frater. 

In the Registers of the Walloon Church, Southampton, lately printed 
for the Huguenot Society, Glaud and Glaudine occur more than once 
clearly for Claud. In the Visitation of Staffordshire 1663, published by 
Mr. Grazebrook, George Bague enters his pedigree, stating his father to 
have been Gload de Bague of Lorraine in France. The presence of 
Walloon and Flemish artisans in Scotland makes it quite possible that the 
form Glaud was introduced by them, and in some way or other it seems 
to have survived. — Ed. 

348. Extracts from Dunblane Kirk-Session Records. — 

(a) References to Robert Leighton, Bishop of Dunblane. — Robert 
Leighton was Bishop of Dunblane from 1662 to 1670, and there are 
several references to him in the Session Records. Only once, however, is 
Leighton recorded to have attended a meeting of Kirk Session. 

August 18, 1668. * Sederunt the Bishope, Dean David Christie, 
Jon Millare, John Farland, Jon Scobie, Jon Reid, Thomas Robisone, 
Jon Campbell, James Huthchesone Eldar.' The business was the 
consideration of applications by John Stirling of Kippendavie, 'John 
Grahame Commis' Clerk of dunblain,' and Hary Blackwood, for seats in 
the church. 

There is notified to the Session a gift by Leighton of ;£iooo Scots for 
the use of the poor. 

Sess., October 6, 1672. *The Clerk declared to the Session that the 
late Bishope hes mortified a thousand pounds Scotis to the Session of 

VOL. V. — NO. XX. M 

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178 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Dunblane the annual rent yrof being for the use of the poor And for ye 
pnt ye said mony is in ye hand of Comiss' Bordie and furthermore ye 
said John Graham delyvered peapers for writing the same to John 
Thomsone pnt Treasurer.' 

The Session find difficulty in getting the money into their possession, 
and require to take legal proceedings. 

Aug. 17, 1673. * The quhilk day Sir Colin Campbell of Abemichill 
producit before Session ane Bond granted be Robert of bordie laird of 
broomhall and otheres concerned conteineing the sowme of twelve hundreth 
merks Scotes mortified be M' Ro' lightonne late bishope of Dunblaine 
to the Kirk Session of Dunblaine for the use of the poor, of the quhilk 
morticon thrie hundreth merks as yet restand be Bordie. The qlk bond 
in face of Session was delivered to John Thomson pnt church thesurer.' 

March 17, 1678. *The said day S' Colin Campbell of Abemichill 
produced and gave in a decreet obtained att the instance of John Thomson 
late kirk thesaurer Against Ro* Bruce of Bordie Comissar of Dunblaine 
before the Lords of Session upon the first of February last for the sowme 
of two hundred twentie four poundes Scotes which was due be the said 
Comissar to Ro* late Bishop of Dunblane As a part of the sowme 
mortified by the said bishop to the Kirk Session yrof for the use of the 
poof of the said paroch. 

* Togidder with the extract off the said mortificn furth of the bookes of 
Council! with the whole remanent grounds and instructions whereupon 
the said decreet did proceed and tres of horneing and pounding yrupon. 

' All which wer given to Georg Robison present kirk thesaurer. To 
whom the Session recommendes to putt the said decreit and tres to all 
furder execution. And to satisfie Hendrie Malice agent att Ed' the ex- 
penses debursed be him for obtaining of the said decreet and raising 
tres yron conforme to the particular accompt given in be him with 
the saides contes, extending to fortie poundes nyneteen shillings, eight 
pennies, Togidder with twelve poundes for his own pains in the business 
And in prosecuting a plea against the said Comissar. in obtaining the 
rest of the said mortificaQn.' 

(b) Acts concerning Marriage. — Between 1652 and 1700 the Session 
of Dunblane found it necessary to make public intimation of several acts 
concerning marriage. It seemed to be their desire to elevate the holy 
estate of matrimony in the minds of the people, and there is no doubt that 
all they could do was much required. The lowest depth in the despising 
of the marriage bond is seen in the following incident : — 

March 23, 1769. 'Compeared William Crief and duncan M'claran 
in dunblane for makeing ane excambion of y' wyves in y' drunkennesse 
and confessed the same. The Session ordaines the saids psons to stand 
in sackcloth at the church door between the ringing of the second and 
third bell and yrafter to appear in publick the tyme of the sermon and 
confesse y' fault which they did.* 

At the second meeting of Session after Mr. Thomas Lyndsay's settle- 
ment in the Parish of Dunblane, arrangements were made for the careful 
recording of all marriages, baptisms, and deaths. 

9th Oct. 1653. 'It is inactit that hencefoorth that baptizmes, mar- 
riages and the names of the deceast persons old and young be in record 
and begunne in new book.' Then follows the first act concerning mar- 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 1 79 

riage : — ' It is inactit that if any shall refuisse to consigne according to 

order before proclamStone of y' marriage-bandes in that caice the Clerk is 

heirby inhibitit that he book none till he acquent the Min' wha shall 

receave the samyne and then the Clerk to book thame.' 

On Jan. 8, 1654, it was resolved that before booking parties in order 
to marriage, they should be examined by the Session as to their moral 
character, with certain exceptions. The Act is as follows :— ^ Annent the 
proclamaone of the purposes of marriage for eschewing of unlawfuU 
degrees and that before they be bookit they be of approvinne convers one. 
The Sessioun hes thought it expedient that after the tryall and examin- 
aone of the parties before the Sessioun they be bookit be the Clerk in his 
book for that use apairt. And if the shamefastnes and modestie of any 
cannot permitt thame to make so publick compeirance either or both 
parties shall be exemptit and be bookit in private before the Min' and tuo 
Eldars provyding the exemptit partie give after the consign^one at least 
five punds Scotts for the use of y* poore and if they be of qualitie to pay 
according to the discretioun of the Sessioun and ordaines intimSLone 
heirof to be made to the Clerk y* nixt Lordes day.* 

In 1660 there is an instance of the great care the Session exercised in 
determining who were proper parties to receive the benefit of marriage. 

Sessio, 29th November 1660. * This day Hellene AUane her testificat 
from Stirline being read in face of Session was approven and likewise her 
proclamaione with lone Hunt 3 severall Sabath dayes in our Church of 
dunblane and yrafter no impediment interveening to receive ye benefitt of 

Helene AUane's testificat reads as follows : — * yat sche was born of verie 
honest parentes in Stirline and was educated and remained heir from her 
infancie untill sche was maried with ye deceast W°* Strachane and after 
sche removed hence and lived with him elsewher divers yeires and 
returned with him to this towne and sche hath remained still heir since 
ye deceisse of her said husband during all which tyme of her abode in this 
congregation sche wes frie of publick scandall and we know nothing that 
may hinder her to be admitted and receivit in any other congregation and 
to partake of ye benefittes of the Church with yam as occasione sail offere. 
In testimonie yrof these are wrn and subitt with cofiiand of ye Sessioun be 
their Clerk and subitt after his name. — W. Meklejohn, Clerk in Stirline.^ 

By 1698 the old custom of examination by the Session before parties 
were booked appears to have fallen into disuse, for on Feb. 6, 1698, it is 
ordained * that parties who give up their names to be proclaimed compeir 
before the Session before they be proclaimed for the last time and y* in 
the Min^s absence they come with two elders to the Clerk of the Session 
that their relatione and consent of parents may be enquired into.' 

About 1746 proclamation might be done in diflferent parishes, for 
entries like the following are frequently met with : — ' There being no 
preaching in Dunblane parties were proclaimed last Sabbath at Lecroft 2° 
and this day here 3^**, and no objection.' 

In 1672, Sep. I, it was ordained that * those who are to be maried 
if that they come not to the Church be ellevin houres, then in that cace 
they are to losse a dollor of y' paunds.' 

After 1693 mention is made of collections at marriages. Various sums 
are taken. 

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Marriage collection, 

Two marriages, 
Marriage collection, 



Two marriage collections. 


4 12 o 
o 14 o 

19 o 

1 3 4 

2 18 2 
On June 30, 1700, it is enacted * that no pauns for dolors to be taken . 

from those who are to be proclaimed in order to marriage.' 

On 1 2th August 1650, an act had been passed against exorbitant 
prices, and the extraordinary number of people who assembled at penny 
bridals, but it being practically disregarded, the act was ratified on 2 2d 
Jan. 1654, * enacting that the parties to be maried shall not have above 
six maiss of people, thrie with each partie and shall before they gett the 
benefitt of marriage consigne in the thes" hands ten merks or ane pand 
of that value to be confiscate & bestowit on pious uses if they transgress 
or permitt any unbeseeming cariage at y' brydalL* 

But this act was extended and yet modified in 1656, Dec 18, when it 
was ordained that * everie brydall haveing pyping and danceing and ex- 
ceeding the number of eight mease to loose their consignation and con- 
signation in the treasrs. hands for yat effect and ratifies the former act 

Long delay in having marriage performed rendered men liable to have 
their paunds forfeited. 

Sessio, 17 March 1659. — *The quhilk day the Sessioun takeing to 
their consideratioun ye longe delay of Johne robisoun his mariage, did 
find relevant reasones theirfore, did make ane ordinance for the same 
reasones yat his paunds sould not be forefalted.' 

(c) Acts concerning Baptism, — There are several acts concerning baptism 
in the Dunblane Session Records. The first is dated 9th October 1653, 
and reads thus : — * It is inactit that before baptizme, if he be on lyfe, or 
not negotiat abroade out of the countrey, and upon sic caices, the vice- 
parent come to the church and give upe to Min' the chyld's name with 
thrie or tuo witnesses at least, quha are to sitt upon ane seat accomodate 
for y' purpose be the thes' with all diligence & ordaines the Clerk to make 
intimatione heirof ye nixt Lordes day.' 

The following entry relates to a case of baptism in the absence of the 
father and husband : — 

Jan. 22, 1654. * The sd day thair wes ane supplicatione presentit be 
Anna Cheisholme the lau" dauter of umqle Ja' Cheisholme of Cromlin for 
baptizme to her chyld laulie procreat betwixt her and Lieut Harlow qrof 
the tennor is as folio wes : — 

* To the Ry* reverend the Min' and Eldars of the Kirk Sessionne of 
Dunblane. These humblie entreat for the benefite of baptizme to my 
chyld precreat in lau'" mariage. Being borne of bono" parents within the 
paroche I have lived from the vombe and that not haveing given offence 
to any, baptizme conforme to the constitutiones of the church I hope will 
not be denyed uponn the humble and earnest desyre of their humble 
supplicant. — A. Cheisholme. 

*The Sessione accepts of the supplicatione and unanimouslie concludes 

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or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 1 8 1 

the chyld to be tralie baptized with this provisioun thair be cautionne 
found for its christiane educationne. 

* Compeirit Henrie Sinclare of Classingall quha heirby enactes him- 
selfe that he shall faithfuUie honestlie and christianlie see to the educa- 
tione of the daughter of Anna Cheisholme callit Hellene Harlow in the 
professionne disapline and doctrine now profest in the Church of Scot- 
land as if shee were his owne, not permitting her to his power to be 
ensnared in any false doctrine and is content this pnty be record at in the 
Sessione book of Dunblane as a standing law agst him. . . . H. Sinclair.* 

On the ist of September 1662 the Session decides that Thursday and 
the Lord's day are appointed for baptizing of children in time coming. 
And on the 15th of January 1654, * It is enactit that none within the con- 
gregatioun of qtever qualitie haveing thair childrene baptizen on the 
lord's day mak any banquetting that day under the paine of censure at 
the discretioune of theSessionn. J. Y. Christie, B.D.' 

349, The Coalstoun Pear. — George Broun, loth Laird of Coalstoun, 
who died in or before 1524, married Marion Hay, daughter of the second 
Lord Hay of Yester. The dowry of this lady consisted, in part, of what 
has long been known as the Coalstoun Pear. Hugo de Gifford of Yester, 
her remote ancestor, famed for his necromantic powers, was supposed to 
have invested this Pear with the extraordinary virtue of securing for the 
family which might possess it unfailing prosperity. Thi^ Pear is preserved 
at Coalstoun with the care due to so singular an heirloom, which, regard- 
less of the superstition, must be esteemed a very wonderful vegetable 
curiosity, having existed for more than 500 years. There is documentary 
evidence to show that more than 200 years ago it was reputed to have 
'endured 12 score years or more.' 

Sir George Broun of Coalstoun, Bart., married Lady Elizabeth 
M'Kenzie, daughter of the Earl of Cromartie, and this lady is reported to 
have bitten a piece out of the famous Pear. It was to be expected that 
some calamity would follow on such an outrage to the Palladium of 
Coalstoun. Accordingly, in 1699, Sir George was constrained by the 
pressure of incumbrances to sell the estate; but he was fortunate in 
meeting with a purchaser in the person of his brother, Robert Broun, who 
had married the heiress of Newhall, and was enabled by the sale of 
Newhall to purchase Coalstoun. However, a much greater calamity soon 
befelL Coalstoun House is situated on a steep bank, at the foot of which 
flows a river, inconsiderable in ordinary times, but which, as it rises in the 
Lammermoors, is subject to occasional spates. In one of these spates 
the Laird of Coalstoun and both his sons were drowned on the 5 th of 
May 1703, and Coalstoun passed to an heiress. F. B. 

350. Erskine of Little Sauchie and Balgownie (vol v. p. 97). — 
I have found another son of James Erskine, first of Balgownie, mentioned 
in the Stirling Burgh Records, p. 129. 

161 2, loth Feb. — *The said provest, baillies and counsall, considering 
that sex yeires sen syne or thairby, Capitane Thomas Erskyne, sone to 
umquhile James Erskine of Balgony, in rememberance of Godis manefeld 
merceis and delyverances bestowit on him fra monie danger quhairintill he 
is fallin fra tyme to tyme in the Law Cuntreis, did thairfoir dedicate 
.... the soume of fy ve hundrethe merkis .... to sum profittable wark 

Digitized by 


1 8 2 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

.... for a perpetuall memorie [of thankfulness] and of his love and 
effectioun to this burghe, in the whilke he had his educatioun the tyme of 
his yuthe.' — Ed. 

35 1. Inventory a.d. 1529. — The following inventory of the furnishings 
of a Perth Merchant in the year 1529, taken from the register of the 
Great Seal (page 177), will be interesting to our readers. 

* A silver salt fat, ane silver pece, extending to 22 uncis ilk unce there- 
of apprisit to 13s. 4d., ane silver spune and a masar beand 3 uncis, . . . 
a signet of gold price 5li, a meit almery markis, a langsadill 14s., a half 
galloun, a quart, a pynt, a chopin, a greit plait, a small plait, a dische, a 
salsar and a trunscheour, extending to if stanis of puder, price of the 
pund 2od., a furnyst bed price 8li, a pot, a pan, a chandelar, a caldroun, a 
chauffer, a mortar, a pestele, a gadyn nap, extending to 2 stane wecht 3lib 
less of bras, price of the pund i2d., a bras caldroun of 20 gallownis 
price 30s., a chymnay of 10 stane wecht of iron price of the stane 5s. 4d., 
a speit, a guise pan, a lantren price 6s. 8d., a cruik price 4s., a comptar 
burd price 2 markis, a set burd with formis and trestis price 13s. 46., 
a chiar price 3s. 4d., a stuill 2s., a roundell 3od., a schip kist 2od,, a pres 
of fire, a pipe price 3s. 4d., a mask fat, a wort stane price 15s., a saa, a 
yarking fat, price 4s. 8d., a furlot 2od., a bowling tun i6d., a garnell price 
40S., a cloise wairstall of fir price 20s., a shrine of aik price 26s. 8d, a 
pair of great ballancis los., a jak price 13s. 4d.' R. M. S. 

352. Old Small Pipes. — I have noticed with interest some letters which 
have appeared in the Dispatch on ' Small Pipes,' inasmuch as I lately 
brought one of these curiosities to light, while picking out some bones 
which the recent rains had exposed on the edge of a mound at the old 
castle of John Baliol, near Dalbeattie. 

It is identical with the engraving in the Evening Dispatch^ except that 
it has a sort of fringe of nicks round the top of the bowl. Judging from 

the formation of the place where it was found, excavations have been 
made at a comparatively recent date, and considering that I also found 
two brass or bronze coins near the same place, one of which bears the 
date 1730 (a George 11. halfpenny), it is quite possible it might have been 
in use about that time, although the coins were found an inch from the 
surface, and the pipe embedded about 4 ft. down, where the bank had 
been washed away by the river, exposing bones of every description. From 
the teeth they must have belonged to horses, cattle, and swine; one boar's 
tusk which I have will measure about four or five inches. A good deal of 
^ By the kindness of the Editor of E,D. we are allowed the use of the engraving.— £a 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 183 

information about these old pipes is to be found in Tobacco^ its History 
and Associations, by F. W. Fairholt, F.S.A. (Chatto and Windus, 1876), 
pp. 152, 163. Hugh Kerr. 

Other letters have reached us on this subject. The Rev. J. B. Mac- 
kenzie, Parish Minister, Ken more, writes that a few years ago, on clearing 
out the ruins of a Fort, last occupied by a Cromwellian garrison, and 
situated on an island in Loch Tay, very many of these small pipes were 
found in a large cinder-heap. He has sent several specimens, which resemble 
those engraved above. Mr. Lyon, a member of the Alloa Society of 
Natural Science and Archaeology, found one not long ago in clay near 
Dollar. In this case the opening of the bowl was very small. Dr. Miller, 
F.S.A. (Scot), writes that some of these small pipes were dug up when 
the foundations of Cockburn Street were being prepared. We have had 
for some years a few of such pipes which were found at Wandsworth in 
Surrey, where they were popularly known as Dutch pipes, which was the 
name they had at Stourbridge. It may be noted that at both these places 
Dutch families resided. In connection with the Kenmore find it may be 
noted that Fairholt speaks of these small pipes being found in the ruins of 
a fort near Duncannon, county Wexford, and their being known as 
* Cromwellian pipes.' They probably were made in England and in Scot- 
land in the seventeenth century. The marriage of a * Tobacco pyp maker ' 
is recorded in the Edinburgh Registers under date 1667. The stamp, a 
castle, on the engraved specimen and on some found at Kenmore, 
doubtless represented the Arms of Edinburgh. The Wandsworth pipes 
have no stamp. — Ed. 

353. French Church in Edinburgh. — The last French Church in 
Edinburgh was situated in New Street, near the Canongate. It was sold 
some years ago to the late Mr. Ford. In it were found the Communion 
Cups, bearing the inscription in French that they belonged to the French 
Church, and bearing the date 1701. They were gifted by Mr, Ford to 
Trinity College Church. D. W. 

354. The 'Dead Bell,' — Amongst the many curious and obsolete 
customs of our fathers, not the least interesting was the use of the * dead 
bell.' This bell was carried in front of funeral processions by the kirk- 
officer, and as the cortbge moved towards the churchyard the bell was 
solemnly tolled by the bearer. A few of those bells are still extant. Per- 
haps the most typical of the kind is the bell belonging to the parish of 
Dunblane; this bell bears the date 161 5 — a respectable antiquity. Above 
the date on the bell is a Latin cross and the letters s.b. (St. Blane, the 
patron saint of the parish). The bell is five inches deep, and the handle 
measures five and a half. 

The most primitive bell of this description which the writer has seen 
is in the possession of Mr. James W. Cursiter, F.S.A., Kirkwall. This btll 
is furnished with a triangular handle; but there is no date, and it has 
nothing but its appearance and curious history to attract attention. 

The use of the * dead bell * is easily traceable to early times. Our 
forefathers called it the ^passing bell,' and it was so termed on account of the 
church bell being tolled when a person was dying so that the pious might 
pray for the weal of the departing soul, which practice is still common in 

Digitized by 


184 The Scottish Antiqtiary ; 

England. The Reformed Church in Scotland allowed the use of a hand- 
bell at the funeral in lieu of the more imposing toll from the steeple. 

W. B. Bruce, Dunblane. 

355. NiMMo AND Erskine FAMILIES. — Burke in his Illustrations 
states that James Nimmo, Esquire, Cashier of Excise, married the Honour- 
able Mary Erskine, 2nd daughter of Henry Erskine, 3rd Lord Cardross, 
by his wife Catherine, younger sister and co-heiress of Sir Lewis Stewart 
of Birkhill, to whom he was married 3rd March 167 1. Sir Robert 
Douglas gives some further particulars — 

The Honourable Mary Erskine, born 30th March 1690, married 
James Nimmo, Esquire, Cashier of Excise, and died at Edinburgh, June 
i733» 3et. 44, leaving three daughters, one of whom married her cousin 
David. David Erskine, 4th Lord Cardross, brother of Mary, became 9th 
Earl of Buchan (see Burke's Peerage). 

Various letters from and to Henry the father, and David the brother, 
of Mary Nimmo are among the mss. in the British Museum. It is un- 
certain who David Erskine was who married the daughter of James Nimmo 
and Mary Erskine, perhaps some of the readers of the Scottish Antiquary 
may be able to give information on this point. Saltire. 

356. John Gow, the Pirate. — The following condensed Extracts 
(taken from the Public Records in the General Register House, Edin- 
burgh), Notes, and Observations, will, perhaps, tend to define and eluci- 
date such personal history, outside of piracy, as may be connected with 
him and the family of which he was a member. 


* Seasine . . . Wm. Gow & Margarat Calder his spous . . . upon . . . The 
Tenement of land underwfn . . . Att Wick the underwfn Seasine was pro- 
duced be George Sutherland Writter in Thurso the i off Aprile 1698 years. 
In the name of God Amen Be it Kend till all men be thir pnt pubk. 
instrnts. yfiipon the 28 day of March 1698 years & of Our S5v. Lds. 
reign Wm. by the Grace of God King of Great Brittain France & Ireland 
Defender of the Faith the 9 year. The qtk day in pnce of me Nol Pubk 
& witness* undersuband Compeared peflie ane discreet man Wm. Gow 
Mercd in Wick for himself & of actey and in name & behalf of Margarat 
Calder his spous having and balding in his hands Ane Disposition & 
Assignation made granted & subd be Alexr. Lamb Smith in Wick lauU 
air & oy to umqle Michall Lamb indweller in the banks of Oldwick his 
Grandfather to the id Wm. Gow & his said spous during . . . lyfetime . . . 
and to children they may have in fie . . . upon All & luiill the tenement 
of Land in Wick called Peslays Tenement qch wes of old sold & disponed 
be the deceist Sir John Sinclair of Dunbeth to the id umqle Michall I^mb 
& Helen Fordyce his spous with houses biggings Moss* Moors peats peat- 
banks pts pendicles & universall ptinents qrsomever bound in manner 
specid in the originall Pyt lyand within the Burgh off Wick Paroch yfof & 
Sherriffdom of Caithnes . . . Reserving always furth & fra this Disposition 
any Pyt granted be any of the id Alexr. Lamb his umqle predecessors who 
died last infeft & seased . . . containing ane precept of Seasine . . . and 
l^ast to the pePl pnce of James Doull bailzie of Wick ... Att Wick the 
9 day of Febry 98 years before ye witness' Wm. Mullikin bailzie of Wick 

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oTy Northern Notes arid Queries. 185 

Patrick Sinclair No? Pubk sic sub . . . The id James DouU . . . gave . . . 
heFell State Seasine actuall reall & corporall posne of sd tenement ... be 
deliverance to id Wm. Gow ... of earth & stain of the ground ... & of 
ane hesp & stepple of ane of the doors y?of . . . before yr witness* Alexr. 
DouU elder Meft in Wick Alexr. Horn, Smith yr Donald & Wm. Simples 
Students yr.' Wm. Gow * required instrtlts ane or mae.* {Caithness Sasirus^ 
2d Series, vol. i.) 


* Att Kirkwall the nynth day of September one thousand six hundred 
and nyntienyne yeires the Instrument of Saisine underwf ane was presented 
be Thomas Hunter wreater in Kirkwall ... and duely registrat the said 
day ' — the usual preamble as above ... * That upon the Twentie sixth day 
of August 1699 yeirs . . . Compeired prsonallie upon the ground of the 
Lands . . . James Gordon of Kersten only Laull sone and aire at Least 
appearing aire to umqle Ffrancis Gordon baillie of Stromnes his father . . . 
and with him William Gow Merchand in Weik in Caithnes . . . and ther 
the sd James Gordone . . . Gave . . . State and Saisine ... Of All and 
haill that the said James Gordoun of Kerstan his dwelling house or Tene- 
ment of Land with the half of the quoy pertaining thf to bounded from the 
shoar syde of Stromnes To the Warth hill and from vmqle Robert Man- 
sones march on the south with ffytie fadomes of Ground to the North of 
the said tenement Lyeing in the eldbow of Glow-bank to the burne and 
strype thereof . . . having the Warth hill on the west and the sea or har- 
bour of Kerstane on the east pairts thPof with all and Sundrie pairts, 
pendicles . . . belonging therto, as the samen is pntlie possest be Mr 
James Strachane late Minister at Hoy and Gramsay Lyeing in Innertoun^ 
a Litle above the Shoar Syde of Stromnes ... To the said William Gow 
he being prsonallie present . . . Redeemable alwayes and under reversione 
to said James Gordon ... At Whit Sunday in the yeir of God 1707 be 
payment to said William Gow or his forsaids ... of the sowme of ffyve 
hundreth merks Scots money ... In pnce of Harie Grahame and William 
Robertsone Merchants John Beinstone, Tayleor tiif, and Ritchard John- 
stoun residenter the? ... Sic Sub . . . Et ego vero Carolus Stewart' 
(Orkney^ 6^r., Sasines, 2d Series, vol. 6.) 


* Att Kirkwall the Twentie seventh day of May one thousand seven 
hundred and eight years the Letters of Renunceation under written were 
presented by James Boynd Writter in Kirkwall and duely regerat the said 
day ... I WiUiam Gow Merchand in Stromnes designed in the Disposition 
after mentioned Merchant in Week in Caithnes. Forasmuch as James 
Gordoun of Kairstoun by . . . Disposition of 26 Augt. 1699 . . . infeft me 
in all and haill his dwelling house . . . presently possessed by myself . . . 
and now seeing the said James Gordoun of Kairstoun hes instantly made 
payment to me ... of the Soume of 500 mks ... I Renounce . . . give up 
possession of sd house ... In witnes Whereof (written by Robert Donald- 
son Writter in Kirkwall) I have subscryved ... By putting to my ordinary 
mark and by giving command to the said Robert Donaldson Nottar Pub- 
lick to subscryve thir presents for and with me Att Stromnes the nyn- 
teinth day of May 1708 . . . Witness* Mr. Robert Honyman of Gremsay 
Hary Grahame of Brecknes Patrick Grahame Younger of Grahamshall 
James M^Kenzie Writter in Kirkwall Harie Grahame Merchant in Strom- 

Digitized by 


1 86 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

ness and William Grahame Baillie ther.' (Orkney^ &'c., Sasines, 2d Series, 
vol. 6.) 


* Att Kirkwall the Twentie fourth day of September one thousand seven 
hundred and eight yeires the Instrument of Sasine under written was pre- 
sented by Donald Grott writter in Kirkwall . . . and regerat the said day 
. . . Upon the 29th and 30th dayes of July 1708 years . . . Compeired 
personally Att and upon the ground of the tenement of Land, houses yaird 
and peatbrae, and upon the ground of the Land called Twartquoy . . . 
Hugh Cloustone Merchand Burges of Kirkwall Wodsetter theirof, and with 
him Harie Cloustone his eldest LawfuU sone for himself and as pror . . . 
for Anna Gow eldest Lawfull daughter to William Gow Merchant in 
Stromnes his (Haries) appeirand spouse . . . and Hugh Cloustone . . . gave 
State and Sasine ... of that great tenement of Land and houses ... in 
the Laverock of Kirkwall . . . presently occupied by himself . . . disponed 
to him in Wodsett by Alexander Murray lawfull sone to the deceast Patrick 
Murray Writter in Kirkwall . . . and of . . . his house and quoy of land of 
Twartquoy in the Toune of Hanbister . . . with houses . . . within the 
parochine of Orphir ... To the said Harie Cloustone for himself and in 
name and behalf of his said assidate spouse Anna Gow . . . Saulfeand . . . 
to said Hugh . . . and Jean Richan his spouse their Lyferent right . . . 
Redeemable by said Alexr. Murray ... In presence of James ffoubister 
and Robert Grant Dyers in Kirkwall Donald and William Grotts Writters 
ther Magnus Kirknes sone to David Kirknes Couper in Kirkwall and 
John Gow sone to the said William Gow.' Contract of Marriage between 
Harie and Anna of daite *Att Stromnes the 29th day of June 1708.' 
{Orkney, &*c., Sasines^ 2d Series, vol. 7.) 


* March 30. Renunciation and Discharge by Mr. Robert Honyman of 
Grahamsay to James Gordone of Kerstone of Heritable Bond for 500 
mks. Scotts dated Att Stromnes 19th May 1708 years over all and haill 
yt. his dwelling-house or tenement of Land then possesst (tenanted) by 
Wm. Gow MerL in Stromnes wt. ye half of the quoy pertaining yfto. 
Payment made. Discharge dated Twelfth March Seventein hundred and 
elleven yeires.* {Orkney^ 6-^., Sasines, 2d Series, vol. 7.) 


* Att Kirkwall the ffifteenth day of August 17 16. The Instrument of 
Sasine under written was presented by Donald Groat Nottar pubk in 
Kirkwall . . . upon the 28 day of JuUy 1716 . . . Compeared . . . Wm. 
Gow Merchant in Stromnes . . . holding . . . Disposition made ... by 
Marjory Gordon Spouse to Archibald Gibsone of Hammiger proprietrix 
yfof . . . and with his consent ... To said Wm. Gow his heirs . . . ane 
piece of Waist Ground lying on the Shoar of Hammiger upon the Neck 
of the poynt called Ranies Ness consisting of Twenty faddoms in length 
from South West to North East, and sixteen faddoms in Breadth from 
North West to South east . . . with liberty to build ane Haven or Harbour 
upon any of the Syds . . . The property and ground right and title of the 
said piece of ground called Ranies Ness lying westward to the sea . . . 
being always keepit and reserved to sd Marjory . . . lying in the toune 
of Hammiger Parochin of Stromness . . . whilk . . . Disposition ... the 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries, 187 

said Wm. Gow presented to Adam Cromarty sone to Hary Cromarty of 
Aire and Hoxa Baillie in that pairt . . . Att the House of Hammigaj 21st 
Apryll 1 714 Before these Witness' James Gordon of Cairston George 
Clerk and Hary Clouston both dyers in Stromnes . . . Infeftment before 
Henry Clouston James Gordon Sone to the said James Gordon of Cairs- 
toun James Boyd and Alexr. Murray Writters Kirkwall.' {Orkney^ &>€,, 
SasifieSj 2d Series, vol. 8.) 

*Att Kirkwall the ffifteenth day of August 17 16. Upon 28th July 
1716 . . . Compeared personally at and upon the ground of the houses 
built upon the piece of Waist Ground . . . William Gow Merchant in 
Stromnes . . . Heritable proprietor . . . and with him Margaret Calder 
his Spouse, and John Gow their eldest lawfull sone in life . . . and Wm. 
Gow . . . gave state ... of as above . . . formerly called Kennies Ness 
now called Gows Ness . . . Together with ane new Sclaitt house or Tenne- 
ment built by the said Wm. Gow therupon ... To the said Margaret 
Calder his spouse in Liferent . . . and to the said John Gow in ifee or his 
heirs . . . whom failing to . . . the children of Anna Gow his eldest law- 
full Daughter . . . Whilks failling to Donald Grow his Brother German pirie 
wigg maker in Outloch in the Kingdom of Ireland and the heirs of his 
body." Any of Anna Gow her children airing ... it is a sine qua non 
that they take the name of Gow ... if Margaret Calder marries again . . . 
her lyerent ceases ... In ^nce of Henry Clouston Dyer in Stromnes " 
and others as before.' {Orkney^ dr'c, Sasines, 2d Series, vol. 8.) 


'Att Kirkwall 17 March 17 18. Inhibition by James Traill Writer in 
Edinburgh on his Bill dated 4 June 1717 on William Gow Merchant in 
Stromnes for jCiSj, 12s. 6d. Scots due 15 July 17 17, and protested on 
10 Octr. 171 7.' (Orkney f &*c,y Inhibitions^ vol. 14.) 


*Att Kirkwall 11 June 17 18. Instrument of Saisine . . . Compeired . . . 
Wm. Gow Merchand in Stromnes . . . and with him Hary Grem Merchand 
in said Town . . . Bond for 900 merks Scots lent by Grem (or Grcem or 
Graham) to said Gow and in security Grem is infeft in that Sclaitted House 
and grounds mentioned in 1716 as at Ranies Ness, now Gows Ness. 
Redeemable upon payment. In pnce of Mr. Robt. Honyman of Grem- 
say Hary Cloustone Dyer in Stromnes &c. &c.' {Orkney^ dr^c, Sasines, 
2(1 Series, vol. 8.) 


* 17 18 Septr. 5. Instrument of Homeing by Walter Boiswall of Ball- 
barten . . . That where Wm. Grow Indweller in Stromnes and now 
Merchand Burges of Kirkwall be his Bond of date 27 March 17 14 in 
favour of Helen Prince Relict of the deceast Mr. Henry Legat late 
Stewart Deput of Orknay and her heirs &c. for ;;f 12, 6s. od. Sterling 
money . . . with ;^2, 8s. 6d. interest . . . But Helen P. assigned same to 
Mr. Magnus Prince sone to the deceast Patrick Prince Merchand in 
Kirkwall her brother german, who Translated same to sd. Walter Boiswall 
8 Augt. 1815. Mr. Wm. Gow " contemptously " refused to pay and so was 
put to the Home 5 Septr. 17 18.' {Orkney, S^c, Inhibitions^ vol. 14.) 

Digitized by 


1 88 The Scottish Antiquary ; 


* Horneing at the instance of Wm. Gow Merchand in Stromnes against 
James Gordon of Cairstane for 40 pound Scotts 10 Feby. 17 19.' {Ork- 
ney^ 6r*^., Inhibitions^ vol. 14.) 


* Feby. 13, 17 19. Horneing William Gow Merchant in Week in Caith- 
ness against James Gordon of Cairstane on Bond by latter for ;^i44 
Scotts, with ;^48 Scotts in case of failure.' {Ibid,) 


* Att Kirkwall 27 March 17 19. Instrument of Sasine in favour of 
Robert Donaldson late Baillie of Kirkwall, by William Gow over the 
House of New Hammiger as before mentioned for 403 pound borrowed 
by latter — specifying 600 pound due over sd. Subjects to Harie Graham— 
this is the 900 merks of 17 18.' {Orkney^ 6r*c,^ Sasines^ 2d Series, vol. 8.) 

John Gow the Pirate turned up at Stromnes in January 1725 as 
Captain of a vessel named the Revenge of 200 tons, mounting 24 large 
and 6 small guns, and was captured near Carrick in Eda on i6th February 
1725, and executed in London on nth August 1729. 

The foregoing covers a period of twenty years, and tells the story of 
the Gows in Orkney so well that little more need be said. It may be 
inferred from it, and from no mention of them in the Records, that they 
had no residence in Orkney prior to 1699 or after 17 19. Except of course 
the daughter Anna. John Gow must have been born in Caithness, pro- 
bably in * Week ' ; he could not be a witness in Orkney in 1 708, if born 
there even in 1699. ^^s intimacy with the Gordon family can be easily 
understood. His father William Gow, up to perhaps 1715, was in a good 
position as a merchant, while the Gordons then, and for many years 
before, were much and continually in debt. 

' Near the house of Claistron,' says Tudor in his The Orkneys and 
Shetland^ * was born John Gow the Pirate/ &c. * Claistron * must be a 
mistake for Cairston, but he was not born even there. 

For a somewhat detailed account of Gow's piracies, and his idea of 
a life on the rolling deep, see Defoe's Proceedings of John Gow recently 
edited by Mr. Russell, Kirkwall. 

In a letter dated i6th February 1725 to Mrs. Fea of Claistron, the 
Pirate signs himself * Jno. Gow Smith.' It need scarcely be said that the 
addition of ' Smith ' is an absurd illiteracy. 

T. HuTTON Johnston. 
27 Nelson Street, Edinburgh. 


CLXI. Scot of Scotstarvkt. — Can any one tell me if there is evidence 
of a marriage between Sir John Murray of Philiphaugh, living 
1648, and Margaret, daughter of Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, 
and relict of John Trotter of Charterhall ? Also, if this marriage 
took place, what issue there was by it? Sir John Murray is 
said to have died in 1676. I shall be glad to know if this is 
correct. K. W. Murray. 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 189 

CLXII. Scotch Plack-names and Surnames. — Where can I find lists of 
books and magazine articles on above subjects ? 

Geo. Frater. 
CLXIIL Stewart Arms. — Can any of the readers of the Scottish Antiquary 
inform me to what family of Stewart belong the arms quartered in 
1768 by David Steuart MoncriefFe, Esq., of Mordune, Advocate, 
brother of Sir Thomas Moncrieffe of that Ilk, Bart, and one of 
the Barons of Exchequer for Scotland. 

The above-mentioned arms are thus given in Burke's General 
Armory under the head of ' Steuart Moncrieffe * : — 

'Quarterly first and fourth, ar. a fess chequy az. and ar. in 
chief a garb of the second. 

* Second and third, ar. a lymphad sa. All within a bordure 
engr. qu. 

'Crest (Steuart) An Unicorn's head and neck, ar. motto, 

This is marked 'Scotland 1768.' Perhaps some of your readers 
might know if it is registered. 

According to the Scots Magazine Baron Moncrieffe succeeded 
to the fortune of William Steuart, Esq., Advocate and King's 
Remembrancer (his distant cousin) who died childless at Acton, 
near London, 13th September 1768. 

For any answer or hints on this subject from any of your 
readers I shall be much obliged. T. T. K. 

CLXIV. Gray Family. — Parentage wanted of William Gray, who was 
bom in co. Perth, circa 1678, a great favourite of the then 
Lord Enroll, who brought him to his property Ilains, in Aber- 
deenshire, and gave him a tack of the farm of Clouchtow, in that 
parish. Mr. Gray, who is stated to have been nearly related to 
the noble house of Gray, married (contract dated 28th October 
1709) Elspet Annand, of the old Aberdeenshire family of Annand 
of Auchterellon. They have numerous descendants. 

CLXV. Hawthorn. — It is stated, on the authority of the late John 
Walker, D.D., Edinburgh, that the first hawthorn hedges in Scot- 
land were planted by Cromwell's soldiers. Is any earlier 
reference known ? A. Hutcheson. 


LXI. Houston Family. — Your correspondent may easily find how 
long the Fortrose branch have been there by an examination of 
the Registers of Fortrose (in Edinburgh), as also of the four 
records preserved there, and very valuable, I believe, for genea- 
logical purposes. 

Rev. Mr. John Houston was minister of the parish of Lonmay, 
Aberdeenshire, 1695-6. See Poll Book, vol. ii. p. 40. Probably 
more information about him and his clerical namesakes would 
be got in Scott's Fasti. 

A copy of inscriptions on tombstones at Rosemarkie, etc., 
would be sent by the minister on application. A J. M. G. 

Digitized by 


190 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

LXX. Frater, Surname of. — As far as I can ascertain this name does 
not occur in the south of Scotland before 1658. I have, however, 
traced the following forms : — 

Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland^ vol. iii., Edward 111., 
1335-6. — De nova custuma de Edinburgh, per David le Fraitur 
ij dacre coriorum. 

Aberdeen Town Council Registers y vol. vi., p. 580.— 
26th February 1478. John FrcUour proves himself heir to his 
deceased brother. 

I shall be glad to have copies of any entries relating to the 
name which may be discovered in making searches. 

Geo. Frater. 

LXXIIL— Reid, Read, Reed, and Reads. — With respect to the first 
three forms the following is from Tower's Essays on English 
Surnames: *The very common surname Eead, Reid^ or Rad 
(sometimes pluralised to Reeds), is an old spelling of Red, and 
was primarily applied in reference to complexion. Chaucer 
speaks of 

" Flowers both white and rede ;"* 

and Sir John Maundeville, describing the Red Sea, says: *That 
see is not more reed than another see ; but in some places there- 
of is the gravelle reede ; and therefore men clepen it the Rede 
Sea.' Ed. 

LXXXIII. Braboner. — I cannot find the derivation of this; the 
form Brabaner, from Brabant in Flanders, occurs in the Calendar 
to Pleadings (Elizabeth). Geo. Frater. 

CXXXVI. Marykin Maker and Shoemaker's Accounts, vol. iv., 
p. 153. — Is it not probable that this is a corruption of the old 
French word Marroguin^go^X^s leather, a worker in goat 
leather? Geo. Frater. 


CLIII. Latch. — In reply to Mr. James Primrose's inquiry about the name 
* Latch,' there is a place called * the Latch ' at St. Monans which 
I suppose is one of those he refers to, and one at Brechin, which is 
a house on the top of a brae with a stream at the foot. There is a 
small stream running through rather rough ground at the back of 
Anstruther between Pittarthie and Kingsmuir called in the 
Ordnance Survey * Violet Latch,' and the Kirklatch near 
Pittenweem. The latter is called in the Latin charters of the 
Priory * De aqua dictu de lui Corklatche exeruens.' It is also 
called in the same charter Corklethit and Corklaugt, 

There was a good-sized stream running to the sea through the 
Kirklatch in my young days, and there is evidence that there 
was at the back of the town of Pittenweem a small lake or large 
morass from which the burn flowed. The ground where the 
burn takes its rise lies very low, and is called *the Myres.' 
Kirklatch is simply a corruption of the old name, and has nothing 
to do with a churchyard, lich, not latch, meaning a corpse. 

Digitized by 


oVy Northern Notes and Queries. 191 

i,e, Lichfield=the field of corpses, from a battle fought there ; 
Lichgate = the gate of the dead, a gate at the entrance of a 
churchyard, where there is an erection for resting the coffin 
on while waiting for the priest. 

I think latch means a stream of water. J. H. 

CLVIIL Old Trade Mark.— In The Book of the Chronicles of Keith, by 
the Rev. J. F. S. Gordon, D.D., Glasgow, Robert Forrester, i 
Royal Exchange Square, 1880, p. 52, will be found a sketch of a 
sign containing the figure 4, with the following explanation — * It 
had a large 4 painted in the centre, which symbol (cut often on 
merchants* Gravestones) indicated that "Goods" were sold which 
came from the Four Airts of the World.* 

In connection with a house in Inverkeithing I lately gave in 
your paper a sketch of one of these marks (vol. iv. loi.) 

T. Ross. 


The Prymer or Prayer-Book of the Lay People in the Middle Ages, 
edited by Henry Littlehales. London : Longmans, Green and Co. — ^This 
is a reprint of a most interesting and valuable manuscript in the Library 
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interest The probable date of the ms. is 1400, and the facsimile of one 
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tion with this work Messrs. Longmans have also issued in quarto size 
fourteen pages in facsimile of a 

LaymarCs English Prayer Book of about the same date, which exists in 
the British Museum. This is also edited by Mr. Littlehales, who has 
written a short but most interesting introduction. The price of this 
small but most valuable work is only 3s. 6d. 

Old Time Punishments, by William Andrews, F.R.H.S. Hull: 
William Andrews and Co. — The subject undertaken by Mr. Andrews, 
though illustrating the dark side of human nature, is not without a fas- 
cination, and certainly must be studied by one who would know the 
condition of the country in past times. The work is carefully and well 
done. One old punishment — the jougs or branks — has been the subject of 
correspondence in the Scotsman lately. Mr. Andrews describes it as * more 
generally used in Scotland than in England.' It is probable, however, 
that as the records of Church discipline are more complete in Scotland, 
the frequency with which it is mentioned has led to the idea that its use 
was more common here than in the South. Some interesting notes on 
the subject appeared in the Reliquary a few years ago, and it was clearly 
shown to have been a very general form of punishment, administered not 
by the Church but by the civil power. Mr. Andrews quotes (p. in) an 
instance of punishment administered for the breach of the fifth command- 

Digitized by 


192 The Scottish Antiquary. 

ment at St Andrews in 1574, and recorded in the Kirk Session Records; 
his authority is the late Dr. Rogers. The transcript of these Records 
lately issued by the Scottish History Society does not, however, mention 
the incident 

A Mid-Lothian Village, Edinburgh : George Waterston and Sons.— 
This delightful book is the joint production of the Rev. Dr. Taylor, F.A.S., 
and G. Upton Selway, the latter supplying seventy clever illustrations. 
The subject is Corstorphine, a village long known to possess interesting 
relics of the past, which have now been carefully and artistically described 
and represented. A valuable addition is a plan of Edinburgh and places 
adjacent made in 1766. This shows a New Town as then contemplated— 
differing much, however, from the later design as carried out The fact 
that it is a field-map also adds to its value. The whole work is got up in 
a way that does credit to the editors and publishers ; and those who 
have a love for Edinburgh and the country round it, and whose homes are 
now far away, will find in it pleasure and solace. 

History of the Btdekouse of Rathven^ by William Cramond, Buckie. 
Banffshire Advertiser Office. — Mr. Cramond is never idle, and his industry 
is always well applied. He has rescued from oblivion the histories of 
country parishes and decayed towns, and now he has traced the past of 
an old charity. In doing these things he throws light on the history of 
the country, and puts life into what has been often made a dry and unin- 
viting skeleton. The history of the Scottish people has yet to be written ; 
when a man equal to the task appears, the value of such booklets as those 
issued by Mr. Cramond will appear. 

Music and Musiciam^ by Robert A. Marr. Edinburgh : Constable.— 
This is mainly an account of the musical part of the Edinburgh International 
Exhibition of 1886. Mr. Marr, who is secretary of the Scottish Musical 
Society, has, however, given much information in his introduction which 
will be read with interest ; while to musicians the detailed account of 
bands will be most useful, and will form an important chapter in the 
history of music in Scotland. 

Music for the People : A Retrospect of the Glasgow International Exhibi- 
tion of iSSS, by Robert A. Marr. Edinburgh : John Menzies. — This is a 
much more complete work than the one above noticed. It contains an in- 
troduction of n 6 pages tracing the history of Scottish musical societies 
from 1728, when * The Music Club,' to which Allan Ramsay wrote a poem, 
was formed. Seventy-eight pages of the book are also devoted to memoirs 
of musicians who have worked in Scotland. The remainder is taken up 
with an account of the bands which performed at the Glasgow Exhibition 
of 1888. We hope that Mr. Marr will give us another volume. The 
subject he so carefully and ably handles is by no means exhausted. A 
very interesting chapter might be written on ancient church singing in 
Scotland, bbth before and after the Reformation. 

JV.B. — Other books received will be noticed in our next number. 
Replies to Queries are earnestly requested. — Ed. 

Digitized by 




Note.— 7)1^ compiler of the Notes on the Ross Family is having a reprint of his work made (50 copies 
for private circulcUion), To this will be appended a very full index. As these notes 
extend over more than one volume of the ' Scottish Antiquary ^ we have decided to give 
this index {revised as to pagination) ^ when the notes are completed^ instead of including 
the names in this Index. — Ed. 

Acta Dom. Con., Marriages in, 


Allan, David, Work by, 26. 

Annie Lawrie, 141, 173. 

Arabic Numerals, 88. 

Argyle or Argyll, 91. 

Arms of Aberdeen County Coun- 
cil, 139. 

Ayr County Council, 55. 

Cuninghame, 103. 

Erskine, 103. 

Stewart, 189. 

Stirling County Council, 


AthoU or Athole, 91. 

Attainted Persons, List of, 49. 

Bibliographical Society, 

Books, Notices of, A Book for 

Boys ctnd Girlsy 48. 
Castellated and Domestic 

Architecture, 47. 

Church of Speymouth, 144. 

Dates of Various Shaped 

Shields^ 94. 
Erskine Hakro Genealogy, 

Family of M^Combie or 

Thorns, 94. 

Gill of Blairythan, 144. 

History of Bedehouse of 

Rathven, 192. 
History of Episcopal Church 

in Keith, 47. 
— Layman* s English Prayer 

Book, 191. 
A Mid'Lothian Village, 


Music and Musicians, 192. 

Music for the People, 192. 

Old Time Punishment, 191. 

Sheriffdomof Clackmannan, 

VOL. V. 

Books, Notices of, The Prymer, 

Trial by Combat, 48. 

Bourse at Leith, 89. 
Box, Old Dutch, 36. 
Braboner, 190. 
Branks, 115. 
Brass Box, 67, 171. 
Brass to John Beton, 72. 
' Broken Cross,' 141. 
Buchanan's Poems, 53. 

Cashiers op Royal Bank of 

Scotland, 142. 
Cities, Submerged, 46. 
Coalstoun Pear, 181. 
Communion, A Highland, 9. 
Cope's, General, Victory, 148. 
Crail, Etymology of, 86. 
Cramond Peerage, 91. 
Crawford, Countess of, 80. 
Cruisies, 92. 

Cults Church, Notes on, 172. 
Curious Entries in Registers, 


Dead Bell, 183. 

Dunblane Session Records, 14. 

Dutch Box, Old, 36. 

Erskine of Dun, 66. 
Exploit of Rifle Brigade, 152. 

Family of Denham, 83. 

Erskine, Col. John, 93. 

Erskine of Balgownie, 97, 


Frater, 142, 190. 

Gray, 189. 

Hersey, 141. 

Houston, 189. 

Livingston, 12, 74, 140. 

Nimmo and Erskine, 184. 

Family of Ogilvy, 142. 
Paterson, 142. 

- Ross, 27, 56, 117, 155. 

- Scott of Scotetarvet, 188. 

- Stewart, i. 

Stewart of Baith, 5. 

Stewart of Craigyhall, 7. 

Stewart of Dowally, 93. 

Stewart of Rosyth, i, 77. 

Fisher-Folk Spells, 126. 
French Church, Edinburgh, 183. 
French Weavers, ill. 
Funeral, A Highland, 22. 

Gaelic Place-Names in Fife, 


Glassmaking in Scotland, 88. 
Glaud, 140, 177. 
Gow the Pirate, 184. 
Gregor, Clan, Persecution of, 

Hairland, Sir Anthony, 

Hamilton the Poet, 86. 
Hawthorn, 189. 
Herald at a Funeral, 71. 
Highland Will, 73. 
Hock Tide. See Hogmanay. 
Hogmanay, 40, 73. 
Holy Gate, 91. 
Howff Burying-ground, 10. 
Huguenots in North Britain, 103. 

Influenza, 24, 
InnerpefTray, Library at, 53. 
Inventory, Old, 182. 

Jettons, 92, 142. 

Kirk Session Records, Cul- 
Ross, 114. 

Dunblane, 177. 


Digitized by 



The Scottish Antiquary. 

Latch, 190. 
Uggate, 91, 143. 
List of Rebels, 155. 

M*Kerlie*s Book on Gallo- 
way, I. 
Marykin Makers, 190. 
Masonic Lodge, Alloa, 26. 
Moray, Regent, 165. 

Numerals, Arabic, 88. 

Orkney Folk-Lore, 61, 130, 

Painting, Old, at Crail, 

Pretender, Letter from the Old, 

Register of Baptisms, Edin- 
burgh, 90. 

Old St. Paul's, 145. 

Reid, Name of, 190. 
Rose MSS., 133, 173. 
Ross, Earls of, 91. 
Rotten Row, 141. 

Scotch Place- and Sur- 
names, 189. 
Scotland Yard, 12. 
Scots in Sweden, 75, 123. 
Sculptured Stone at Crail, 12. 
West Linton, 79. 

Selkirk Motto, 79. 
Service Book, New, 115. 
Session Records, Dunblane, 8a 
Stanks, 91, 143. 
Stewart's History of the Stewuts, 

Sundial at Alloa, 177. 
Surnames, 22. 

Tobacco Pipes, Old, 182. 
Tomb of Sir J. Ewat, 126. 
Tombstone at Dundee, la 
Trade Marks, 141, 191. 
Tug Boats, 90. 

Whisky Still, Lease of a, 

Aberdeen, 139. 
Alloa, 26, 177. 
Ayr, 55. 

Bannockburn, 45. 

Crail, 36, 86, 126, 

Culross, III. 


Cults, 172. 


Dunblane, 14, 80, 177. 
Dundee, 10. 
Dunipace, 12. 

Edensor, 72. 
Enelick, 42. 

Keith, 47. 
Kempcaim, 41. 
Kenmore, 9. 

Leith, 89. 
Linton, West, 79. 
Little Sauchie, 97. 

1 Orkney, 68. 


Rousivale, 12. 

Scotland Yard, 12. 
Selkirk, 79. 
Stirling, 161. 
Straphillane, 44. 
Sweden, 75. 


Abernethie, 50. 
Allan, 26. 
Ancrum, 50. 
Anders, 76. 
Anderson, 76. 
Andrew, 97. 
Anckarsparre, 76. 
Archibald, 47. 
Arisone, 90. 
Atholl, 52. 
Ayton, 146, 148. 

Baillie, 44. 
Baird, 171. 
Balfour, 146. 
Ballenden, 5. 
Balmerino, 50. 
Barclay, 50, 76, 152. 
Bamaghy, 5a 
Bartlet, 51. 
Barton, 51. 
Beard, 51. 
Beaton, 51. 
Belfrage, 76. 

Bennet, 76. 
Berwick, 51. 
Bethune, 7, 76. 
Beton, 72. 
Bissat, 147. 
Blackader, 42. 
Blair, 146, 150. 
Blood, 51. 
Bogg, 76. 
Bordon, 76. 
Bowdowingie, 90. 
Boy, 76. 
Boyd, 51. 
Bradshaw, 51. 
Brady, 51. 
Brand, 51, 76. 
Breack, 148. 
Brewster, 167. 
Brittough, 51. 
Brougham, 167. 
Broun, 181. 
Brown, 44, 51, 90. 
Bruce, 3, 76, 90. 
Buchanan, 51. 

Bullock, 44. 
Bunyon, 48. 
Burdmore, 4. 
Burnett, 51. 
Butter, 148. 

Cahun, 76. 
Calderwood, 146. 
Campbell, 22, 41, 

71, 148, 167. 
Cameron, 51. 
Cant. See Kant. 
Carlyle, 167. 
Castiestewart, i. 
Chaddock, 51. 
Chad wick, 51. 
Chalmers, 167. 
Cheape, 149. 
Christie, 149. 
Clavering, 51. 
Clerk, Si» 76, 150. 
Cletcher, 76, 
Cloggie, 90. 
Clyde, 167. 


Collet, 90. 
Colquhoun, 150. 
ConoUy, 51. 
Cooke, 51. 
Coppock, 51. 
Cowper, 5a 
Cox, 125. 
Craigie, 125, 147. 
Cramond, 12, 144. 
Crawford, 76. 
Creighton, 51. 
Cromertie, 50, 51. 
Crossby, 51. 
Cruickshanks, 51. 
Cuningham, 76. 
Currie, 125. 

Dallas, 151. 
Damman, 90. 
Darell, 76. 
Damley, 165. 
Davidson, 51. 
Dawson, 51. 
D'bargane, 90, 

Digitized by 


Jnaex to Persons. 

D*busie, 90. 

D*dnt, 90. 

Deacon, 51. 

Dellard, 51. 

Dempsey, 51. 

Denham, 83. 

D'enseir, 90. 

D'Ewcs, 77. 

D'huDger, 90. 

Dick, 7. 
c^ Dickson, 90, 148. 

Dlabrnge, 90. 

Dollas, 149, 150, 152. 
V Douglas, 3, 25, 76, 149. 

D*royter, 90. 

Dnunmond, 51, 77, 140. 

Duff, 51. 

Dunbar, 25, 125. 

Duncan, 51. 

Dundee, 51. 

DuPeel, 114. V 

Eaton, 51. 
Eden, 77. 
Eglinton, 146. 
Elcho, sz- 
Eler, 90. 
Elliot, 149. 
Endsworth, 51. 
Eiskine, 5, 66, 77, 97, 

146, 150, 181, 184. 
Ewat, 126. 

Fairgrieve, 149. 
Farquharson, 51, 146. 
Farrier, 51. 
Fenton, 4. 
Fidler, SI. 
.Fife, 77. 
Finlay, 77. 
Fitzgerald, 51. 
Fleetwood, 77. 
Fletcher, 51. 

Flint, SI, 77. 
Forbes, 51, 77, 146. 
Forrester, 12. 
Forth, 77. 
Franklin, 77. 
Frascr, 51. 
Fnlthorp, 51. 
I Fumival, 51. 

Gadd, 51. 

Gaddes, 51. 

Gairdner, 77. 
! GaU, 148. 

Gardens, 148. 

George, 90. 

Gibson, 147, 149, 151. 

Gill, 144. 

Gladstone, 77. 

Glen, 44. 
i Goodbrand, 51. 

Gordon, 51. 
i Gow, 184, 

Graeme, 148, 150. 
Graham, 51. 
Grant, 42, 51. 
Gray, 51, 149. 
Grazebrooke, 94. 

Hacker, 123. 
Hairland, 141. 
Haliburton, 150. 
Hallen, 152. 
Halyday, 151. 
Hamilton, 51, 86, 123. 
Hampseed, 151. 
Hargrave, 51. 
Harper, 148. 
Hart, 90. 
Hartley, 51. 
Harvey, 51. 
Hay, 51, 123, 148, 151, 
Hayes, 52. 
Henderson, 52. 
Hendrie, 149. 
Hemes, 4, 25. 
Hogg, 123. 
Holt, 52. 
Home, 52. 
Hopken, 123. 
Home, 90. 
Hughes, 146. 
Hume, 25. 
Hunter, 52. 
Hutchinson, 52. 
Hylton, 124. 

Innes, 42. 
Irving, 123. 

Jameson, 90. 
Jellius, 52. 
Jennings, 123. 
Johnstone, 90. 
JoUie, 147. 
Jordan, 123. 

Kant, 46. 
Keir, 52, 149. 
Keith, 151. 
Kerr, 52. 

Kilmarnock, 50, 52. 
King, 123. 
Kinloch, 52. 
Kinnemond, 123. 
Klercker, 124. 

Lackey, 52. 
Lamb, 10. 
Laren, 124. 
Laurin, 124. 
Law, 124. 
Lawson, 52. 
Layard, 103. 
Leith, 52. 
Lenck, 124. 
Lermont, 146. 
Leyell, 124. 

Liddall, not Siddall, 

Lighten, 124. 
Lindsey, 42, 43, 52, 

Littlejohn, 90. 
Livingston, 12, 74, 124, 

Lockhart, 52. 
Lovat, 50, 51, 52. 
Lugton, 52. 
LuUe, 76. 
Lumsdain, 52, 146. 
Lyon, 52. 

M'Clean, 52. 
M'Coiley, 52. 
M*CuUoch, 52. 
MacDonald, 52, 147, 

Macdougal, 77. 
M'Farlane, 150. 
M'Gennes, 52. 
M*Gibbon, 47. 
M*Gilivrae, 42. 
Macgregor, 38, 52. 
M*Growther, 52. 
Macintosh, 52. 
Mackenzie, 52, 124, 148, 

149, 152- 
Mackinnon, 52. 
Macknell, 52. 
M'Lachlan, 52. 
Maclean, 124. 
Macleod, 52. 
M'Naughton, 51. 
MacPherson, 52, 77, 1 5 1 . 

M*Quin, 52. 
MacRitchie, 38. 
Main, 52. 
Mascall, 125. 
Mason, 52. 
Massy, 67. 
Masterman, 50. 
Mathew, 52. 
Maule, 124. 
Maxwell, 47. 
Mellin, 52. 
Melville, 146. 
Menzies, 2. 
Mercer, 3, 52, 147. 
Michie, 149. 
Mills, 52. 
Milt, 52. 
Mitchell, 52. 
Moir, 52. 
Moncreiffe, 50. 
Montgomery, 124, 147. 
Moray, I, 147. 
More, 148. 
Morgan, 52. 
Morison, 52. 
Mowbray, 4. 
Muir, 124. 
Murdo, 152. 

Murray, 52, 124, 147, 

Mytchell, 90. 

Nairn, 52. 
Napier, 6, 46. 
Naughton, 148. 
Neilson, 48, 151. 
Netherwood, 124, 
NichoUs, 52. 
Nicholson, 52. 
Nimmo, 184. 
Nisbet, 124. 

Ogilvy, 4, 25, 41, 52, 

Oliphant, 52. 
Orcharton, 124. 
Orem, 151. 
Orme, 149. 
Owen, 90. 
Oxen^rd, 149. 

Park, 52. 
Parker, 53. 
Paterson, 45, 149. 
Paton, 53. 
PatuUo, 148. 
Perth, 51. 
Philp, 124. 
Piper, 124. 
Pitcairn, 146. 
Pitsligo, 53. 
Porteus, 53. 
Pott, 76. 
Poustie, 53. 

Primrose, 55, 90, 107, 

Quanten, 124. 

Ramsay, 53, 125, 146. 
Ratcliff, 53. 
Read, 53. 
Regnaud, 103. 
Renned, 53. 
Rikkert, 90. 
Rizzio, 165. 
Rob, 151. 

Robertson, 52, 125, 150. 
Robinson, 52, 53. 
Robotham, 53. 
Roggoh, 90. 
Rooke, 125. 
Roper, 53. 
Roos, 47, 53, 150. 
Row, 53. 
Rowane, 90. 
Roy, 53. 
Ruddiman, 149. 
Rutherford, 44. 

Sanderson, 53. 
Schoneir, 90. 
Schorthove, 90. 

Digitized by 



Scott, 53, 99, 124, 125, 

i43» 147. 150* 151- 
Scraglye, 123. 
Screw, 77, 
Segaret, 90. 
Seton, 148. 
Sharp, 53. 
Shaw, 147, 151. 
Siddall. SfeUddall 
Sinclair, 125, 150. 
Small, 53. 
Smith, 53, 125, 147, 

148, 149. 
Spalding, 125. 
Sparks, 53. 
Sprott, 22. 
Stallingis, 90. 
Steel, 53. 

TAe Scottish Antiquary. 

Stephen, 53, 147, 150. 
Stevenson, 53. 
Stewart, 42, 45, 53, 

125, 146, 148, 149, 

Stillie, 49. 
Stobo, 44. 
StoUins, 90. 
Stormonth, 53. 
Strathallan, 51, 53. 
Sutherland, 147. 
Swan, 53. 

Tankard, 12. 
Taylor, 53, 149. 
Ten, 125. 
Tennant, 149. 
Thompson, 53, 77, 125. 


Threipland, 150. 
Tinsley, 53. 
Tours, 42. 
Townley, 53. 
TumbuU, 149. 
Turner, 53. 
Twist, 125. 

Udnie, 125. 
Urqvard, 125. 

Vansonne, 90. 

Walker, 53, 125, 146. 
Wallace, 3, 25, 48, 

Wardlaw, 3, 125. 
Waring, 53. 

Watson, 53. 
Webster, 53. 
Wedderbum, 53. 
Wemyss, 53, 148. 
Wilkie, 53. 
Willemsens, 125. 
Winstanley, 53. 
Wishart, 53. 
Wislow, 124. 
Wood, 53, 125 
Workman, 90. 
Wright, 53, 151. 

Young, 76. 

Zeippes, 90. 
Zerniges, 90. 
Ziber, 90. 


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Heraldic Exhibition, 

Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edin 

Oldest Seal of the Burgh of DundeCj 
List of Rebels, 1745-6, . 
Notes on Attainted Jacobites, 

363. Anns of Berwick County Council, 

364. Ross Family, . 

365. Shoolbred, 

366. Dnimalbyn, . 

367. Stewart Family, 
36a. A Primitive Candlestick, 

369. Sir Charles Bailly, . 

370. Scots in Sweden, . 

371. Rose Mss., 






40 1 

41 I 

41 I 

42 i 

43 i 











Pulpit at Bo'ness, 
Bethune Family, . 
George Bethune of Kingusk, 
Dunbar Family, . 
Rutherford Family, 
Linliihgow, . 
Hannan Family, . 
Stewart of Auldhame, . 
Ekirly Scottish Weavers, . 

CXXI. Scot of Scotstarvet, 
CLIII. Latch, . 

Notices of Books, 









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Vol. I. 

1. .(Dec 1886) Marriag^es, 1558-1628 ; Baptisms, 1558-1585. 

2. (March 1887) Baptisms, 1585-1621. 

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5. (Dec. 1887) Marriages, 1631-1736. 

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Vol. II. 

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IS (July 1890) Index to Vol. II., Bwe-Gra. 

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16. (Oct 1890) Baptisms, i62^-i66fj. 

17. (Jan. 1891) Baptisms, 1667-1684. 

i8. (April 1891) Baptisms, 1684-1686, and Index to Vol II., Gra-Lrau. 

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357. Heraldry, i 

358. Heraldic Exhibition, ... 7 

359. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edin- 


360. Oldest Seal of the Burgh of Dundee, 

361. List of Rebels, 1745-6, , 
36a. Notes on Attainted Jacobites, 

363. Arms of Berwick County Council, . 

364. Ross Family, 31 

365. Shoolbred 40 

3661 Drumalbyn, 41 

367. Stewart Family 41 

368. A Primitive Candlestick. . 42 

369. Sir Charles Bailly 42 

370. Scots in Sweden 43 

371. RoseMSS 43 











Pulpit at Bo'ness, • 

Bethune Family, . 
George Bethune of Kingusk, 
Dunbar Family, . 
Rutherford Family. 
Linlithgow, . 
Hannan Family, . 
Stewart of Auldhame, 
Early Scottish Weavers, 

CXXI. Scot of Scotstarvet, 
CLIIL Latch. . 

Notices of Books, 


. 45 
• 45 

. 46 
. 46 
. 46 

. 46 
. 46 


Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

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The Parsonage, Alloa. 

35 7. Heraldry. — It is impossible to study History intelligently without 
recognising the importance of Genealogy, and the utility of Heraldry, not 
only to illustrate Genealogy, but to assist in individualising historical 
characters. In Europe, for the last ten centuries, wars and revolutions 
have set up and have cast down thrones and dynasties, and in these events 
Genealogy has played a prominent part. If we take Great Britain alone, 
the rival claims to the Scottish throne, the wars of the Roses in England, 
the Union of the two Crowns under James vi. and l, the Act of Settle- 
ment which led to the Jacobite risings, cannot be clearly understood by 
one who cannot follow the lines of descent of a genealogical table ; and 
further, the more Genealogy is studied, the better will the composition of 
a nation be understood and its characteristics accounted for. National 


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character changes by reason of the infusion of alien blood which introduces 
new qualities.^ That this is the case is proved from the effects of cross- 
breeding in our domestic animals. Why does a farmer or a sportsman 
pay 500 or 1000 guineas for a bull or a horse with a duly recorded 
pedigree when he might purchase a good looking serviceable beast for 
less than as many shillings? He has learnt by experience that the 
qualities of the parents are transmitted to the offspring, and a carefully 
constructed and trustworthy pedigree is a guarantee that he obtains 
what he desires. The Americans, a people not wanting in cuteness,. 
regard the pedigrees of their families as important as those of their 
cattle. In America, most towns of any considerable size possess 
genealogical societies, hundreds, or perhaps more correctly' thousands, 
of pedigrees have been printed, not of the wealthier families only, but of 
those engaged in trade also. The sole object cannot be vanity : one great 
desire possesses them, to find an ancestor in England or in Scotland, and 
so prove their claim to be our cousins. They know the source of their 
energy and shrewdness because they are wise enough not to despise or 
neglect Genealogy. Even England can compare favourably with Scotland. 
During the i6th and 17th centuries official pedigrees were enrolled by the 
Kings of Arms of the College of Arms. Amongst these, which number 
about 2000, many middle-class families are to be found. Some hundreds 
of these pedigrees have been printed, while the whole collection in 
manuscript is kept at the College of Arms, where it can be examined. 
During the last two hundred years no official visitations for enrolling 
pedigrees have been made, but a vast number have been lodged with and 
certified by the College as correct. During this period also the history 
of nearly every English county has been written parish by parish, so 
thoroughly, that the genealogies of what are called county families may 
be said to be made up to date,^ and during the last thirty years many 
provincial periodicals, ever increasing in number, have continued the work 
and supplied omissions. As yet, however, the English middle class or 
trading families have not to any very great extent followed the example of 
their American cousins, but still something is being done. When we come 
to consider Scotland, we are met with the remarkable fact that a people 
who pride themselves on * lang pedigrees ' trust chiefly to unwritten and 
hazy traditions, very many of which are manifestly *old wives' fables.' 
Douglas, the only compiler of a complete National Peerage, was most 
painstaking, but he had to face many difficulties, and in some cases stupid 
obstacles. He attempted a Baronage or account of the principal untitled 
families, but it was left unfinished. Of late years, valuable histories have 
been compiled of some of the great Scottish families, but even from these 
not much is to be learned of families founded by younger sons. The Lyon 

^ The value of genealogy is admitted by such passages as the following {Scotsman ^ 
June I, 1891)1: — 'Browning's genealogy cannot be traced back with certainty beyond his 
grandfather. Both his father and grandfather were clerks in the Bank of England, the 
former being a man of more than ordinary mental gifts and capacities, and a famous book- 
lover. He probably derived the poetic temperament, his highly nervous organisation, 
and his bodily infirmities — not great, yet greater than they seemed — from his mother. 
She was, according to Carlyle, " the true type of a Scottish gentle-woman," her mother 
being a Scotswoman, her father a Hamburg German settled in Dundee. The blending 
of the robust Anglo-Saxon with the Scoto-German stock produced the Robert Browning 
of poetry.* 

• At a recent sale at Sotheby's, London, forty-one different English Countjr Histories 
sold for a total of ;^io6i, or an average of ;^24, los. 

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Office is remarkably ill-equipped in the matter of pedigrees ; indeed it has 
only of late years done any profitable work. The late Lyon King, Dr. 
Burnett, and the Lyon Depute, Mr. Stodart, put fresh life into it, and the 
Heraldic Exhibition shows that the present Lyon, Mr. Paul, and his 
colleagues, are enthusiastic in the cause. 

These remarks on Genealogy are necessary as an introduction to the con- 
sideration of Heraldry. Genealogy may exist without Heraldry, but Heraldry 
separated from Genealogy has no meaning, nay, cannot be said to possess an 
existence. Heraldry is the system which allocates to certain individuals the 
right to use certain marks or badges called Armorial Bearings. These are 
to families what distinctive uniforms are to regiments or tartans to clans, 
and in their earlier employment were as publicly used and recognised. 
The soldier armed cap-a-pie could only be known by the device painted 
on his shield or the crest placed c5n his helmet. These were granted by his 
sovereign as captain-general of the army. Their possession was recorded 
in England by the Earl Marshal and his subordinates, the kings and 
heralds composing the College of Arms : — in Scotland by the Lord Lyon, 
King of Arms. Armorial bearings thus officially granted descend to all 
the male descendants of the grantee, in case of younger sons and their 
descendants some trifling change is usually made so as to leave the heir 
of line in possession of the arms as originally granted. In the case of 
female succession (there being no son), the daughter or daughters, until 
marriage, bear the arras, without a crest, not on a shield but on a lozenge 
supposed to represent the distaff. At marriage her arms are placed on a 
small shield in the centre of the husband's, her children bear them on the 
second and third quarters of the shield, the father's being borne on the 
first and fourth. A man who marries a woman who has a brother or 
brothers places her arms by his own on his shield (which is called impal- 
ing), but the issue of the marriage use the father's arms only. 

Before dwelling on the artistic use that may be made of heraldic 
designs, a very few words may be said on the technical terms used. No 
more need be attempted in this paper, because those to whom the subject 
affords no pleasure would only be further wearied, and those who wish to 
know more can study it for themselves in the Encyc. Brit, or in Heraldic 
Manuals, a list of which is given at the end. 

I. The Shield, — The most important part of the blazon, as the complete 
Armorial Bearings are termed, is the shield. In early examples it was in 
shape similar to that used in warfare, in later times fanciful forms were 
adopted. It is not necessary to describe here the names given to the 
different portions of the shield's surface. 

The colour of the shield before devices are added, is termed ' the field.' 
The colours are heraldically described as metals, colours, and furs. 

The 2 metals are — 

Gold, styled or^ represented in engiravings by dots. 

Silver, „ argent^ „ a plain white surface. 

The 4 colours in general use are — 

Red, styled gules, represented in engravings by vertical lines. 
Blue, „ azure, ,, horizontal lines. 

Black, „ sable, „ vertical and hori- 

zontal cross-linea 
Green, „ vert, „ diagonal lines. 

There are three other colours hardly ever used in British armoury. 

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The only fur that need be mentioned here is ermine, represented by 
small upright arrow-heads between three dots to represent the black taik 
of ermines. 

On the shield devices were drawn, this rule being laid down, metal 
could not be placed on metal, nor, except very rarely, colour on colour. 
The earliest devices were simple rectilineal figures termed ordinaries, these 
were, the bend dexter and sinister, the chevron, the chief, the cross, the 
fess, the pale, the quarter, and the saltire. Next come charges or figures 
of animals, flowers, heavenly bodies, weapons, etc. ; these were used singly 
or in groups. And lastly, charges and ordinaries were combined, the laws 
as to tinctures being still observed. 

The lowest stage, or rather the degradation, of the science was reached 
last century, when representations of sieges and sea-fights were granted as 
arms or augmentations. 

T/u Crest — Next in importance to the shield is the crest, or device 
placed over a wreath or coronet, often erroneously called a ducal coronet, 
on the helmet or above the shield, and useful in the battlefield as a 
conspicuous badge. 

The Motto^ usually placed on a scroll below the shield, originally 
was the warcry. 

The Supporters, — Noblemen, Knights of the Bath, some Baronets and 
Commoners, have the right to use supporters, representations of real or 
fabulous creatures, holding up the shield. These originated in the 
practice of knights previous to a tournament placing men, usually disguised 
in some fanciful way, to hold up their shield before their tents. 

The Helmet. — Usually, but not always, placed above the shield, and 
bearing the crest. The rank of the owner is indicated by the position and 
fashion of the helmet. 

The Mantle or Lambrequin is a fanciful representation of the linen 
covering of the helmet slashed by the swords of the enemy. 

And now, it may be asked, can nothing be gained by a knowledge of 
Heraldry, can nq use be found for it in this nineteenth century ? It may 
be well to quote the words of Mr. Woodward of Montrose, whose know- 
ledge of the subject is probably unsurpassed by any living Armourist :•— 

* Not the least important of the many beneficial results of the general 
revival of archaeological studies is to be found in the recognition of the 
value of Heraldry as a handmaid to History. The ridiculous manner 
in which the science was handled in most of the old heraldic treatises, 
through which it became associated with all manner of absurdities in natural 
history, and with legendary stories manifestly devoid of historic truth, 
tended to obscure its true value, and exposed it to the ridicule and con- 
tempt alike of the cultured man of letters, who styled it "a foolish 
business," and of the superficial observer. 

* The " science of fools " is only one of many contemptuous epithets 
' ignorantly applied to what has been happily termed " crystallised history.** 

But the increased attention paid to historical studies, and the renaissance 
of a general appreciation of the beautiful in Art, have combined to restore 
the science to a position which, but for the ignorance of its professed 
^teachers in this country, it would never have lost. Its importance and 
extreme utility, not merely to the professed archaeologist, but to the man 
of taste and the collector of articles de vertu of every kind, have, 

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especially during the last quarter of a century, met increasingly with 
proper recognition. Nowadays the collector of pictures, tapestries, glass, 
china, coins, or seals — whatever be his hobby — down to ex lihris^ and 
even postage-stamps, finds in the armorial bearings so frequently displayed 
on them contemporary evidence of the highest value with regard to the 
date, the country, or the ownership of the articles he amasses. As a 
natural result the last thirty years have been prolific in manuals, and 
treatises of varying importance, dealing with British Heraldry ; and the 
excellent work of such writers as Lower, Planchd, Seton, and especially 
Boutell, have done much to awaken an intelligent interest in a most in- 
teresting study.' ^ 

Culture consists in furnishing the mind with a variety of knowledge. 
The knight of old was skilled in the use of sword and battle-axe, and in 
the stratagems of the chase he could also tune the lute to which he sang 
the praises of his mistress. The gentleman and lady of this age must in 
like manner prove their right to the title by the possession of a mind, 
gentle, because cultivated in various ways and planted with some of the 
flowers that brighten life. It is easy to laugh at what is not understood, 
any fool can do that ; those who possess sense will be ready rather to learn, 
though they may not care to study deeply, many subjects that are brought 
before them. 

People who use long words they do not understand make themselves 
ridiculous, and so do those who use technical terms rashly ; and this fault 
is frequently committed by those who speak of * crests ' and ' arms ' without 
knowledge, as if they meant the same thing. Those who have studied this 
paper need not misapply such terms while examining the treasures exhibited 
in Edinburgh ; but a little further pursuit of knowledge will show how 
Heraldry can be applied to brighten the often dry study of History, how 
kings and warriors may be individualised by their achievements enshrined 
in their coats of arms. That Heraldry was understood by educated people 
in the seventeenth century is shown by the common use of heraldic 
terms by the writers of the time. During the eighteenth century old 
English literature, customs, and architecture were regarded as rude and 
barbarous, and Heraldry was deposed in good company. For some years 
past a revival has been going on in which Sir Walter Scott was one of the 
first movers. Mediaeval architecture is now the fashion for House as well as 
Church. Shakespeare and his contemporaries are valued as they should 
be, but the power to understand many things they tell us has been much 
weakened by the past neglect of many old words and the disappearance of 
old customs. It is absolutely necessary that a knowledge of Heraldry should 
be restored, otherwise words and phrases now revived and adornments 
now substituted for pseudo-classical monstrosities will appeal to deaf ears 
and blind eyes. Fairly educated men and women can no longer afford to 
sneer at Heraldry as absurd ; they must prepare themselves to give some 
rational reply to the children who ask them the meaning of objects in 
common life. 

A knowledge of Heraldry is absolutely necessary to the decorator of 
the present day ; the use of heraldic ornamentation for wall, roof, and 
window is becoming general. In Scotland we have been long in learning 

* The Genealogist^ Oct. 1886. 

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6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the use of colour in decoration ; there has been a great antipathy to it. We 
live under a canopy more frequently grey than azure ; we (the men at least) 
clothe ourselves in sad-coloured garments ; we inhabit drab houses with 
slate roofs. That we should not use brick when stone is cheaper is in- 
telligible, but red tiles for roofs can be procured as cheaply as slates, and 
are as durable \ as yet, however, they are not aristocratic, and therefore not 
fashionable ; but we might paint our doors and our window-frames with 
something brighter than sad green or mendacious dingy oak graining, and 
at least on our public buildings our architects might supply the means for 
colour adornment. Inside our public buildings the field of operation is 
wide, but yet it is, alas ! untouched. County and Burgh Chambers, Town 
Halls, and Public Reading Rooms offer peculiar facilities to the decorator, 
who would find heraldic devices not only effective but appropriate. The 
arms of men of fame, of worth, of letters, would be object-lessons. And as 
to colour, some forty years ago, when I was engaged on some decora- 
tive work, a friend, the well-known English architect Butterfield, 
advised me to study Heraldry, because the rules of Blazonry secured a 
correct combination of colours, while the fortuitous juxtaposition of 
different coats of arms was sure to produce an artistic effect. That this is 
the case will be acknowledged by every one capable of judging who has 
seen the panel roof of a large hall, or the cornice round the walls adorned 
with painted shields of arms ; and when applied to windows, those who 
only know the Parliament House, Edinburgh, must admit the beauty of the 
effect produced. The house decorator, then, should study Heraldry. He 
may be assured that a movement is going on which the Exhibition in 
Edinburgh will do much to quicken \ but the house decorator will not be 
employed in painting shields till those who have built for themselves 
houses become more cultivated, and learn to rely more on their own taste 
than on the opinion of the professional decorator or upholsterer ; in short, 
until they are fit to become independent, and value the freedom of pleasing 
themselves. What a joy it would be to build a house here in sad-coloured 
Scotland and carry out unfettered ideas of comfort and beauty ! People 
would of course at first look and laugh, then look and like, and lastly look 
and love. Such a house would be like a rose-tree in a garden of cabbages, 
like a girl bright in dress and brighter still in beauty in an assemblage of 
Quakers. And let ladies recognise the fact that they will find Heraldry a 
most interesting study in itself, and that it will provide them with designs 
for those many dainty* articles they are ever busy manufacturing for the 
adornments of their houses or for gifts to friends. Heraldic banner screens 
may be made most effective and appropriate ; in fact Heraldry lends itself 
readily to all sorts of embroidery. Those who paint would find real 
pleasure in illuminating a manuscript copy of some favourite poem. Take, 
for instance, the pathetic * Flowers of the Forest,' a stanza written in the 
centre of each page and surrounded by such a border as old illuminators 
loved, with shields ofarms of those of Scotland's sons who fell at Flodden — 
such a work would give delight in the doing, and when finished will be a 

Books useful to Students of Heraldry. 

T. Nesbit's System of Heraldry^ 1722. 
2. GmiWixols Display of Heraldry^ 17 24* 

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3. Seton's Law and Practice of Heraldry in Scotland, 

4. Scottish Armsy by R. R. Stodart. 

5. Elvin's Dictionary of Heraldry, 

6. ^qvlXxWs Heraldry. 

7. Clarke's Heraldry, 

A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

358. Heraldic Exhibition. — The arrangements for the Heraldic 
Exhibition, which is to be held at Edinburgh in connection with the 
visit of the Royal Archaeological Institute, are proceeding favourably. 
The Committee have got many offers of rare and valuable objects^ and 
the Exhibition is sure to prove an interesting one. An influential 
London Committee has been affording valuable aid, and the authori- 
ties at South Kensington have been good enough to promise some of 
their treasures. The Marquis of Bute is sending the * Murthly ' Book 
of Hours, a magnificent ms. of the 13th century, with which is bound 
up several full-page illuminations, one of which contains what is sup- 
posed to be one of the earliest representations of coat armour. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hamilton Ogilvy send a splendid Scottish armorial, most brilliantly 
and artistically executed with full-length figures of the Kings of Scotland : 
this work does not seem to have been known to any recent writer on the 
science. Mr. Vicars of Dublin, an enthusiastic collector, is placing his 
stores of heraldic items most freely at the disposal of the Committee: 
among them may be mentioned what is probably a unique collec- 
tion of 52 portraits of Heralds. Many early grants of arms, English, 
Scottish, and Irish, are promised, together with some notable family trees, 
in particular the celebrated Glenurquhy tree, painted by Jameson, from 
Taymouth Castle. There will be a small but choice collection of heraldic 
stained-glass, and a large and representative gathering of seals, generally, 
of course, in the shape of impressions appended to documents. Several 
thousand ex libris plates have been put at the disposal of the Committee, 
but it has been found impossible to do more than select a few of these to 
illustrate various periods and styles. There will also be displayed some fine 
specimens of heraldic china and glass. The Exhibition will probably be 
opened on the ist of July, and will remain open till the end of August : it is 
to be held in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, a Government build- 
ing under constant police supervision, so that exhibitors need have no 
fear for the safety of their exhibits. After due consideration the Com- 
mittee have come to the conclusion that the Exhibition should, so far as 
they are concerned, be opened free to the public. This, of course, com- 
pels them to rely entirely on the generosity of persons interested in the 
subject for subscriptions to defray the expense of the undertaking. While 
exercising the utmost economy, they have not yet got a sufficient amount 
of funds to enable them to carry out the plan as they would like : and 
they should be much obliged by any contributions being sent to the Hon. 
Treasurer, Mr. A. W. Inglis, Royal Institution, Edinburgh. The Com- 
mittee hope to issue a catalogue at the beginning of the Exhibition, and, 
if the funds admit, to produce an edition of it, illustrated with photographs, 
later on, but this must entirely depend on the state of the finances. 

J. B. P. 

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359. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edinburgh, a.d. 1736-1747 
{continued from vol. w, page 152). — 

1736. Sep. 6. Att Leith, baptized a son of Jo. Pew, Brewer, named 

William. Wm. Henderson, Mr. & Mrs. Deuchar, witnesses. 
„ Sep. 30. Baptized a son of Alexr. Keith, junr.. Under Clk. of 

Sessions, & Johanna Swinton, named Alexander. Alexr. Keith, 

Senr., Alexr. Orem, Senr. & Junr., & Miss Swinton, Mr. Duff of 

Crombie, Hamilton of Bangour, Dor. Rutherford, &c., witnesses. 
„ Nov. 14, f. I. p. ves. Baptized a daur. of Walter Boswall, Saidlar 

named Margaret. Deacon Boswall, Mr. Orrock, Mrs Greig, 

&c., pnt. 
„ Dec 16. Baptized (in John Hempseed's house, Cowgate), a daur. 

of Hugh Smith, Writer, named Margaret .... 
„ Dec. 16. Baptized (ho. 6\ v.) in Morocco's Land, Canongate, a 

daur. of Alex. Finlay, Taylor, named Eupheme. Deacon 

Callender, Alex. Mackenzie, James Craig, &c., witnesses. 
„ Dec. 18, f. 7. h. 6J V. Baptized (in the Advocates' Closs) a daur. 

of William Wilson, Writer in Edinr., & Lillias Haldane, daur. 
. of Lanrick, named Lillias. Mrs. Margt. Haldane, Mrs. . . . Wilson, 

Spors, Mr. Henderson & Mr. Murray, &c., pnt. Sdy. Liturgy. 
„ Dec 24, Xmas Eve, f. 6. h. 6|. v. Baptized (in my own house), - 

a son of Wm. Goodwin, Curryer, & Jean Shields, named 

Alexander. Cath. Harris, Anne Campbell, &c., witnesses. 
K\ Sal. 

1737. Jan. 12, f. 4. h. 3I V. Baptized a son of Wm. Stephen, Taylor (at 

his house opposite to the Cross), named Andrew. Thomas Shaw 

& his wife, &c., pnt. 
„ Jan. 18. By allowance of the Rd. Messrs. Law & Forbes, Minrs. of 

Leith, baptized a son of James Sutherland, Mert, yr., named 

Alexander. Mr. Daes & Mr. Gibson, Mrs. Murray & 3 Daurs., 

„ Jan. 31, f. 2. h. 5. V. Baptized a son of Mr. David Graeme, 

Advocate, & . . . Murray, daur. of Abercairnie, named James. 

Lady Balgowan, Sir Wm. Nairn of Dunsinnan, & David 

Graeme, Orchill, Spors., Messrs. Wm.* Graeme, Adam Mercer & 

yr. wives. Lady Murray, & Dor. Dundas, &c., pnt Pr. Litur. 
„ May 19. Baptized (in Mrs. Thomson's) a son of Rot. Taylor, 

Shoemaker, & Janet Thomson, named James. Lady Pitcairly 

& her Daur., Andrew Thomson, Messrs. Menzies & Taylor, pnL 
„ June 3, f. 6. h. 4. v. Baptized a daur. of James Hay, Writter to the 

Signet, named Anne — sine Lit. Alex. Keith, Junr., Albert 

Monro, ffoarester of Commiston, &c.. Lady Kilmundy, Misses 

Turner & Leith, witnesses. 
„ June 23. Baptized a daur. of Richard Walker, Drawer in Mr. 

Jollie's, & . . . Denune, named Christian. Mrs. Denune, Mrs. 

Monro, John Bell, &c., witnesses. 
„ June 28, f. 2. h. 6. v. Baptized a daur. of Alex. Orme, Writer, named 

Anne. Alex. Keith of Ravelston, Senr. & Junr., Adam Mercer, 

Rot Rose, Mr. Dav. Couper, all Writers, Mrs. Keith, Junr. & 

her sister, Miss Couper, &c., witnesses. 
„ July 8, f. 6. h. 7. V. Baptized (in absence of Mr. Hunter) a son 

of Gilbert Crichton, Stabler, in the head of the Cowgate, named 

Digitized by 


oTy Northern Notes and Queries. 9 

Alexander. Cath. Cleghorn & Eliz. Ewes, Witnesses, Mr. Alexr. 
Lockhart, Advocate, intended Godffayr. 

1737. July 24, f. I. h. 7. V. Baptized in St. Ninian's Raw, a daur. of John 

Smith, Staymaker, from Kirkwall, named Agnes. John Traill of 

Wodwick, &c., pnt. — about 8 or 10. 
„ Aug. II, f. 5. h, 6. V. Baptized a daur. of William M'Dougall, 

MerL, named Margaret. My Lady Murray, Mrs Hunter, Miss 

Calder, Miss Scott, Robert & John Douglasses, & Francis Scott, 

witnesses. This in absence, but by Desire of Mr. David Rae. 
Septr. 4, f. I. h. 5. V. Baptized a son of Alexr. Fraser, Shoemaker, 

named William. 
Septr. 25, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. . . . Halyday & Barbara 

Drummond, named Barbara. Mr. Guthrie, Miss Stirling, Mrs. 

Hales, &c., pnt. N.B. — I was designed God'ffayr. 
Oct. 26, f. 4. h. 6. V. Mr. Blair's Son William was Christen'd (two 

hours after his Birth) by Mr. Hunter. David Beatt, Margt. 

Maitland, & S. Spors. 
Nov. 27. Baptized (in the Canongate) a son of David Brown (sert. 

to Saughton), named John — Tho. Miln, Geo. 
Dec. 28, f. 4. h. 5. V. Baptized a son of Alexr. Keith, Under Clk. 

of Session, and Johanna Swinton, named Alexander (the former 

son of that name being dead). Alex. Keith, Senr., Mr. Orem, Dor. 

Rutherford, Mr. Watt, James Hay, Mrs. Orem, Miss Swinton, 

&c., &c., present. 
N.B. — Mrs. Keith (after three month of grief for the Death of her 

former children, and toyl by the sickness of her husband) came 

to the altar of God on Xtmas Day, and brought forth her son 

on St. John's Day, Ao^a tw ^€w. 
A^ Sal. 

1738. Feb. 4, f. 7. h. 7. V. Baptized a daur. of Alexr. Findlay, Taylor, 

named Euphem. Deacon Callendar, &c., &c., present. 

„ Feb. 5, f. I. h. 4^ ves. Baptized (per Liturg.) a posthumous 
Daur. of Mr. Henry Guild, Writer, named Henriette. The 
Honble. Mr. James Graham of Airth, Mrs. Mary Hunter, 
and Mrs. Jean Spence, Spors. Coram mult test. 

„ Feb. 5, h. 5 J ves. Baptized a daur. of Hugh Smith, Writer, named 
Catherine. James Craig, Writer, &c., &c., pnt. 

„ Apr. I, f. 7. cir. merid. Easter Even. Baptized twins, a son and 
a daur. of Dav. Graeme, Orchill, & Euph. Nairn, named 
John & Agnes. Spors. for the son, John Nairn of Greenyards, 
Adam Mercer, & Mrs. Mercer, and for the daur.. Lady Pit- 
cairns, Mrs. Jane Graeme, & Mr. David Graeme, Advocate. Per 

„ Apr. Baptized a daur. of the Rd. Mr. James Mackenzie, named 
Elizabeth. Mrs. Grizel Urquhart, Mr. Al. M*Leod, my CoUegue, 
his wife, & Mr. Char. Rose, witnesses. Per Lit. 

„ Apr. 29, f. 7. h. 3. V. Baptized a son of Wm. & Janet Livingstoune's, 
named Frances — the ffayr. a Souldier in Holland. The moyr. 
(Spor.) in great want, wt 5 children. 

„ May 26, f. 6. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Hugh Robertson, sert. to 
Mr. Alexr. Keith of Ravelstone, named John — 6 witnesses. 

„ June 8, f. 5. h. 6. v. In absence of the Rd. Messrs. Blair & Hunter, 

Digitized by 


lO The Scottish Antiquary : 

baptized (in the Advocates' Close) a son of David Mackenzie, 
Mert., & . . . Hay, daur. of Arnbath, named George. Messrs. 
William Hay, . . . Rose . . ., witnesses. 

1738. June II, f. I. h. 6. v. Baptized a son of . . . Stroke, Taylor in St 

Mary Wynd, named Alexander. John More, Bookbinder, and his 

wife, Mr. Addieson, Writer, etc., witnesses. 
„ June 16. Baptized a daur. of George Bean & Janet Harper, named 

„ July I, f. 7. h. 6. V. Baptized a son of William Wilson, Writer, 

named George (pr. Liturg.). George Murray, Surgeon, Mr. 

Henderson, Mrs. Margaret Haldane, &c., witnesses. 
„ July 23, f. I. b. 5. V. Baptized a son of George Smith, Shoemaker, 

Precentor in CO., named Thomas. Mr. Tho. Ruddiman, &c, 

&c, witnesses. 
,, Sep. 2, f. 7. h. 5. V. Baptized (in Gossford's Closs) a son of Andrew 

Ewing (Sert. to Henry Bethune of Balfour) named Archibald. 

Geo. Falconar, son to Lord Halkerston, Robt. Menzies, Writer, 

Alexr. Reid, Goldsmith, Margt. Shiells, Anne Hay, &c., witnesses. 
„ Sep. 22, f. 6. h. II. m. Baptized a daughter of Ranald M*Donell, a 

Centinell in the City Gaurd, and Jean Drummond, named Anne. 

James Couper & Margt. M*Donell, witnesses. 
„ Sept. 22, h. 6. V. In the Old Assembly Closs, baptized a son of 

Mr. James Hay, Writer to the Signet, & Ann ifarqrson, named 

Adam. Eliz. Leith, Helen Turner, Adam Hay, S. Geo. Ord, 

Albert Monro, Mr. & Mrs. Kerr, Alexr. Keith, Junr., & his wife, 

Forrester of Comiston, &c., witnesses. Sine Lib. 
„ Oct. 14. In Halkerston's Wynd, baptized a son of Ja. Whithead, 

Wright, & Eliz. Warden, named John. Pr. off. Brev., the child 

being born in the 5th or 6th month. 
„ Oct. 14, f. 7. h. 5. V. In Forresters Wynd, Mr. Black baptized (pr. 

Liturg.) a son of Caimfields named James; I was Spor. The. 

Gordon, Al. Symmers, & Ja. (kant, &c., witnesses. 
„ Oct. 20. Baptized a son of Stephen Wetherspoon (Sert. to Clerking- 

ton) named James. Jo. Stevenson & Mrs. Thomson. 
„ Oct. 30. Baptized a daur. of David Lynn, Shoemaker Potteraw, 

named Frances. Mr. Henderson, &c., pnt. 
„ Nov. 19, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a son of John Paxton & . . . Adam, 

daur. of Mr. Wm. Adam, named Archibald. Arch. Stewart, 

John Gordon, &c., witnesses. 
A" Sal. 

1739. Jan. 24, f. 4. h. 6. v. Baptized a son of Robert Balfour of Balbimie 

& Ann Ramsay, named John. Sir John Ramsay of Whitehill, 
John Lumisden & I^ady, Mr. David Drummond, Dor. Lermont, 
Senr., Mr. James Graeme, Writer, & his daur., & Mrs. . . . 
Balfour, pnt. 
N,B, — Yt. I had first converse wt. Mr. Balfour, to know qther. it was 
wt. his good likeing yt. I was employed, oyrwayes. I would proceed 
no farther. He told me that it was his own motion, & yt. the 
reason I had not been called to christen his former child was 
one apprehension yt. the Clergy of our Comfi were strictly tyed 
down to the use of Liturgies, Ceremonies, &c. To this I replyed, 
that for what was essential to the Sacrat (e^g. Water, the 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 1 1 

Invocatn. of the holy Trinity, to ane authorized adiaiuistrator) 
being parts of the Institution, 'twas not in my power to dispence 
with them, nor would he desire it. But for what was merely 
Ceremony, {e,g. Books, Sign of the Cross, taking the Child into 
the arms of the Priest) however ancient & decent & Symbolical, 
yet these we had a Discretionary power to omitt, when they 
were like to offend the weak, &c. &c. 
1739. Feb. 3, f. 7. h. 6. v. In James's Court, baptized a son of Archi- 
bald Stewart, Mert. of Edinr., named Archibald. Lord & Lady 
Minto, Mrs. Rutherford, Mr. & Mrs. Gordon, Mr. & Mrs. Haly- 
burton, present. 
N,B. — This child is said to have been bom in the eight month. 

„ Feb. 14, in the Canongate, h. 6. v. Baptized a daur. of John 
Paxton, Coachman to the Countess of Eglington, named 

„ Apr. 20, Good friday, h. 2. v. Baptized a daift". of John Hemp- 
seed, Officer to the Bank, named Margaret-Threipland. Mrs. 
Janet Threipland, Misses Eliz., Margt. & . . . Falconers, & 
Hugh Smith, Writer, Spors. 

„ Apr. 29, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. of Robert Barclay, Taylor, 
named Christan, Rachel Thomson, Mrs. Thomson, Mr. 
Montgomery, Mr. and Mrs. Morison, &c., witnesses. 

„ June 7, f. 5. h. 7. V. Baptized a daur. of John Gadderar (SerL to 
the Duke of Gordon), & . . . Ranken, his wife, named Jean. 

„ June 22, f. 6. h. 6. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized twin sons of 
Alexr. Keith, Under Clk. of Session, & Johanna Swinton, named 
the I St John, & the 2d Thomas. Mr. Keith of Ravelston, 
Messrs. James Hay, & Alexr. Orme, & yr. wives, Dor. 
Rutherford, Mr. Watts, & Mr. St. Clair, &c., pnt. 

„ June 28, f. 5. h. 7. V. Baptized in Stenlaws Closs, a daur. of David 
Nevay (Sert. to Dor. Clerk), & Jean Pearson, named Margaret, 
Miss Peggie Clerk, Mr. Pearson, Silk Dyer, &c., Spors. 

„ July 22, f. I. h 5- v. In Marlins Wynd, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
David Graeme, Advocate, named Christian. Lady Bettie Mont 
gomery, Mrs. Reggie Graeme, & Adam Mercer, Spors., pr. Lit. 

„ July 29, f. I. h. 5. v. At Leith, baptized a son of John Houison, 
Taylor, named David — Coram multis testib. 

„ Augt 5, f. I. h. 4. v. In Peebles Wynd, baptized a son of John 
Nicol, Wright, & Mary Adam, named William. Geo. Lamb, 
Geo. Gordon, &c. &c., witnesses. 

„ Augt. 26, f. I. h. 6. V. In Lord Roystons Closs, Lawn Mercat, 
baptized a son of John Shaw, Writer, & Christian Murray, 
named William. Jean & Mary Murrays, Rot. Biggar, Alexr. 
Jno. Mackintosh, Mrs. Murray, &c., pnt. 

„ Sept. 9, f. I. h. 4. v. In Stein Law's Closs, baptized a daur. of 
Mathew Webster (Sert. to. Col. Cathcart), named Chartees. 
Mrs. Emilia Mackenzie, Mrs. Jan. Scott, &c., pnt. 

„ Octr. 5, f. 6. h. 6. v. In Peeble's Wynd, baptized a son of Colin 
Haigs, Wright, & SaUee, named Colin. This in abscence of Mr. 
Al. M'Kenzie, Minr. 

„ Octr. 23, circa merid. Baptized a daur. of David Graeme* of 
Orchill, & Euph. Nairn, named Margaret — pr. Lit. Dor. Robert 
Lewis, Janet Graeme, Margt Nairn, & Margt Graeme, Spors. 

Digitized by 


1 2 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1739. Nov. I, f. 5. h. 6. V. In Pearson's Closs, baptized a daur. of Robt 

Taylor, Shoemaker, named Catherine. Mrs. Thomson & her 

family, Mrs. Taylor & her family, pnt 
„ Nov. 4, f I. h. 5. V. At the Watergate, baptized a daur. of 

William Clerk, Ship M., named Mary; the Moyr. Spor; Mr. 

Purvees, &c. &c, pnt 
V Nov. 8, f. 5. h. 6. V. At Portsburgh, baptized a daur. of David 

Leslie, & Elspet Cowan (in Chapperhill near Logie, Almond), 

named Jean. 
„ Nov. II, f. I. h. 6. V. In Writers Court, baptized a daur. of 

Mich Elphinston, Storekeeper of Edinr. Castle, named 

Lillias. Mrs. Douglas, her son & daur., Mrs. Home, &c, pnt 

\^Nearly half a page is left blank here. — Ed.] 

A. D. O. M. P. F. & SSto. 
Anno Salutis 1740. 

1740. Jan. 20, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a daur. of 

Hugh Smith, Writer, named Jean. 
„ Mar. 25, h. 6. v. Baptized a daur. of Hugh Robertson (Sert to 

Mr. Keith, Ravelston), named Elizabeth. 
„ Apr. 13, f. I. h. 5. V. In Roxburgh's Closs, baptized a son of 

George Bean Drawer, in Mrs. Clerks, named Alexander. 
„ Apr. 20, f I. h. 7. V. In Forresters Wynd, baptized (pr. Lit.) a son 

of William Wilson, Writer, named William. Mr. Henderson & 

his wife George Murray, Surgeon, Mrs. Anne Haldane, &c., pnt. 
„ June. 15 Baptized a son of John Paxton, Book-keeper to Mr. 

Stewart, named John. John Gordon & his grandson, Mrs. 

Stewart, &c, Mr. Tho. Drumond, pnt 
„ July. 6, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a son of Geo. Boswall, Sadler, 

named David. Walter Boswell, Sadler, Doctor White, Miss 

Robertson, & Mrs. Greig, &c., pnt 
„ July. h. 5. V. At Keiths Barley Office, baptized a daur. of Kenneth 

Boggie, Sert. to . • . named Isabel. Jo. Anderson, Sert. to Peter 

Blair, Skinner, James Caddel, &c., pnt. 
„ July. 13, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a son of Robert Barclay, Taylor, 

named William — ^pr. Lgiftn. Mr. Wallace, Mr. Morison & his 

wife, Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt 
„ July. 26, f. 7. At midnight Wt out the West Port, baptized a son 

(near expiring) of John Craig, Shoemaker. 
„ Augt. 3, f. I. h. 6. V. In Dicksons Closs, baptized a daur. of 

William McDonald, Porter, named Jean. James Samuel, Alexr. 

Campbell, &c., witnesses. 
,» Augt. 24, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a son of Alexander 

Campbell, Workman, named Dougall. Wm. M 'Donald, Duncan 

Smith, &c., witnesses. 
„ Oct. 2, At Leith, f. 5. h. 4. v. I witnessed the baptism of Capt, 

David Littlejohns son, named Alexander. 
„ Oct 5, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Flesh Mercat Closs, Canongate, baptized 

a son of Cha. Elder, Sert to Congalton, named Charles. Alexr. 

Elder, Ja. Smith, & Margt Elder, pnt 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries^ 1 3 

1740. Novr. 2y f. I. h. 4. V. In Blackfryar Wynd, baptized a son of 

Matthew Webster, Sert to Col. Cathcart, named James. 
„ Novr. 18, In Bulls Closs, baptized a son of Stephen Wetherspoon, 

named Erskine. 
„ Novr. 24, f. 2. h. 3. V. In Martins Wynd, baptized a daur. of Mr 

David Graeme, Advocate, named Anne. Mrs. Margt. & Eliz. 

Graemes, & the Ed., Mr. Thomas Drummond, Spors, Lady 

Balgowan, Mrs. P.Graeme, & Ad. Mercer, pnt. 
„ Deer. 27, f. 7. F. St Jo. Mr. Tho. Ruddman & I walkd to 

Braids Brigs where I baptized a daur. of Peter Hardie, Smith, 

& Ann Scott named Jacobina. Capt. . . . Douglas & his two 

Daurs. &c., pnt. 

1 741. Febry. i. f. i. h. 4. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a son of Alexr 

Keith, Under Clerk of Session, named John. Messrs Ja. Hay, 
Al. Orme, Walt. St Clair, &c., pnt 

„ Feby. 12, f. 5. h. 4. Baptized a son of Ronald McDonald, Soldier 
in the City Guard, named Daniel. 

„ March. 24, f. 3. h. loma. m. In my house, baptized a son of 
Andrew Yorston, Soldier, & Janet Brown, named Adam. This is 
the 25 child of his ffayr. who is aged 71, some of 'em bom in 
Spain, & some in Flanders. 

„ .Apr. 17, f. 6. cir. Merid. Opposite to the Canongate Church, 
baptized a son of Patrick Dodds, Wright, named Francis. James 
& John Aitkens, Jean McLean, &c. &c., witnesses. 

„ Apr. 17, h. 5. V. »/^ N.S. Opposite to the Cross of Edr., baptized 
a son of Mr. Cumming, Examiner in the Excise Office, named 
George Drummond. Provost Drummond, David Spence, Mr. 
Edgar & his Lady, &c. &c., present. 

„ May 10, f. I. h. 4. v. In Alexr. Mercers house, in Mary Kings 
Closs, baptized a son of Walter Orrock, Shoemaker, & Eliz. 
Mercer, named Alexander. Dor. White, Dougal Gedd, &c., pnt. 

„ June 28, f. I. h. 6. v. In Conns Close baptized a daur. of Archi- 
bald Napier, Pentherer, & Margt. Fraser, named Margt Hugh 
Robertson, Jean Scott, & Margt. Clerk, &c.^ witnesses. 

„ Augt. 22, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Summer Hall, baptized a daiu*. of Mr. 
James Hay, Writer to the Signet, & An. Fargson, named Mary. 
Mr. Ord, Mr. & Mrs. Keith, Mr. Tytler & his daur., Mr. Lindsay, 
& his wife, Mrs. Kerr, &c., witnesses. 

„ Augt. 23, f. I. h. 7. V. Baptized a son of Robt Barclay, Taylor, 
named Thomas. Mr. Morison, Mr. Thomson, &c., spors. 

„ Septr. 4, f. 6. h. 5. v. Baptized a son of William Wilson, Writer, 
named James. Geo. Murray, Mr. Carmichael, Miss Haldane, 
&C., spors. 

„ Octr. 7, f. 4. h. 5. V. In James's Court, baptized a son of Archd. 
Stewart, Wine Mert., named Archibald Baillie Couits. Messrs. 
Jo. Gordon, Jo. Halyburton, & Martin Eccles, & their wives, 
Lady AUanbank, &c., witnesses. 

„ Deer. 26, f. 7. h. 4. v. In Martins Wynd, at my desire, Mr. Drum- 
mond baptized a daur. of Mr. David Graeme, Advocate, named 
Mary. Lady Dowager of Nairn, Mrs. Margt Graeme (for Lady 
Mary Drummond), & the Lady of Logic Almond, spors.. Lady 

Digitized by 


14 The Scottish Antiquary; 

Maxwell, pnt. N,B. — Mrs. Graeme was abroad & Cdccated the 
day before. 

1 741. Deer, 30, f. 4. h. 5. v. In the Canongate, baptized a son of Sir 

Alexr. Macdonald of Slate, & Lady Margt. Montgomerie, 
named James — bom 26th. The Countesses of Seaforth, 
Southesk, & Wigton, Lady Frances Montgomery, Mrs. Lock- 
hart of Carnwath, Mrs. Al. Lockhart, Mrs. Mary Lockhart, Mrs. 
Munro, Mrs. Kennedy, Miss McDonald, Lords Wigton & St. 
Clair, Capt. Wm. Lockhart, & Prof. Munro, pnt.— S. Lit 
A« Sal. 

1 742. Jan. I, f. 6. h. 5. ,v. In Gavin Lochs Land, baptized a daur. of 

Rot Taylor, Shoemaker, named Jean. Mrs. Thomson & her 
2 daurs., James Taylor & 3 sisters, pnt 

,, Jan. 24, f. I. h. 5. V. In Liberton's Wynd, baptized a daur. of 
Kenneth Mackenzie (now serving at London), and Mary Fraser, 
named Mary. Alexander Stewart, spor. 

„ Jan. 29, f. 6. h. 4. v. Below Smith's Land, baptized a son of Hugh 
Stewart, Sert. to the E. of Selkirk, & Isabel Clerk, once my 
serts., named James aft. the King. Jo. & Rot Stewarts, pnt 
N,£, — The parents declared their marriage was regularly pro- 
ceeded, on the 31st of March last, being Easter Tuesday. 

„ March, i, f. 2. h. 3. v. At the head of Todricks Wynd, baptized a 
daur. of Wm. Stephen, Taylor, named Jean. 
March, 21, f. i. h. 4. v. In Peeble's Wynd, baptized a son of John 
Nicol, Wright, named Archibald. George Gordon, Rot. Miln, 
&c., witnesses. 

„ March, 23, f 3. h. 4. v. In the Canongate, baptized a son of Alexr. 
Findlay, Taylor (now at London), named Alexander. Decon 
James Callendar (grandfather) Spor. 

„ Mar. 23, h. 5. v. In the Castlehill, baptised a son of John Paxton, 
Book-keeper to Mr. Stewart, named William. Mr. Jo. Gordon, 
Mr. Jo. fforrest, & their wives, Mrs. Stewart & her son, 

„ Mar. 28, f. I. h. 4. v. In Roxburgh's Closs, baptized a son of 
George Bean, my old Sert, named John. Mr. Walker, &c,, pnt 

„ Apr. 4, f. I. h. 5. V. In the Cowgate, baptized (for Mr. Addison) 
a son of . . . Thomson, Si Ik- weaver, lately deceased, nam'd 
James. Mr. Henderson, Alexr. Addison, &c, pnt — pr. Lit 

„ Ap-. 9, f. 6. h. 6. V. At Laurieston, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
Cummings, in the Excise office, named Rebecca. Mrs. Edgar, 
Mrs. Anderson, & Mr. Edgar, Advocate, Spors. — pr. Lit. 

„ May 30, f. I. h. 4. v. At Grayfryars Gate, baptized a daur. of John 
Rait, Workman, named Isabel. 

„ July 2, f. 6. h. 2i. V. In my own house, baptized a son of Thomas 
M*Lellan, Soldier in Edr. Castle, named Japhet Geo. Tulop, & 
Richd. Robinson, Soldiers, & Eliz. Simpson, Spors. 

„ July 4, f. I. h. 7. V. In the O. Baxter's Closs, baptized a son of 
Malice, Sert. to Judge Graham, named James. Walter Davidson, 
c\:c. &c., pnt 

„ Augt 3, f. 3. h. 3. v. Opposite to the Corn Market, E. side, Edr., 
at the desire of Mr. Forbes, Leith (pr. Murdo Smith), 
baptized a son of William Knox, Sert. to Lord Maxwell, & 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 1 5 

Eliz, Dallas, named Alexander. Rot. Maxwell, Stabler, Wm. 
M^pharson, Murdo Smith, &c., pnt. 
1742. Angt. 4, f. 4. h. 5. V. In Fowlis's Closs, in Mr. Raes absence, I 
baptized a son of James Gumming, Mert., named William. 
Wm. Gumming, PituUie, John Douglas, Lady Douglas, Mr. 
Cha. Erskines Lady, Mrs. Erskine & her daur., Margt. 
Gumming & her niece, &c., pnt. 

„ Octor. 17, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. of A. Fitchet, Dancing- 
Mr., & Helen Miln of Garmouth, named Susannah. Alexr. 
Grant, - . . Thaine, &c. &c., pnt. — pr. LiSm. 

„ Octor. 19, f. 3. h. lima. \. Mat. Mr. Ruddiman, Jo. Gillan, & I 
walked to Braids Briggs, where I baptized a daur. of Pat. 
Hardie, Smith, & Ann Scott, named Alice. Alice Ruddiman, 
Mrs. MacGulloch, &c., pnt. 
Octor. 21, £ 5. 8. 6. v. In Nydries Wynd, baptized a son of 
William Simpson, Sert. to Drummair, & Alice Smith, named 
William- David M*Laggan, Mathew M*Bain, & Martha Light- 
body, &c., pnt. 

„ Novr. 7, f. I. h. 4. V. In ... . Gloss, Luckenbooths, baptized a 
son of Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Robert. Mr. Wood, 
Surgeon, Mr. Morison & his wife, Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt. 

., Novr. 10, f. 4. h. 4. V. Opposite to the Gross, baptized a daur. of 
Alexr. Keith, Under Clk. of Session, & Johan Swinton, named 
Jean. The Laird of Swinton, Bruxie, Dor. Rutherford, Messrs. 
Ja. Hay, & Alexr. Orme, wt. zre. wives, Mrs. Gockburn, Mrs. 
Peg. Swinton, &c. &c., pnt. 

„ Dec. 24, f. 6. h. 2. V. In Mary Kings Gloss, baptized a daur. of 
John Goodwillie, Writer, named Isabella. Jo. Gilmore, Writer, 
Mrs. Preston & her daur., & Mrs. Gorstorphin, pnt. 

„ Dec. 25, h. 6. V. In the Meal Mercat, baptized a son of John 
Haliburton of Murrays Law, Mert., & Mary Gordon, named 
Thomas. Mr. & Mrs. Gordon, Mrs. Barbara Halyburton, &c., 
A« Sal. 

^43- Jary., 15, f. 7. h. 6. v. In Patersones Gourt, baptized a son of 
Ebenezer Oliphant, Goldsmith, & . . . Belchies, named James. 
Laurence Oliphant, yor. of Gask, Martin Lindsay, Dougal Ged, 
Dor. Whyte, Tho. Belchies, &c., pnt. 

„ Febry. 14, f. 2. h. 4. v. In Wetherspoons Gloss, Grass Mercat, 

baptized a daur. of Archd. Bruce, Taylor, & Eliz. Stewart, from 

Goupar in Angus, named Janet. Jo. Elder, Gilb. Rotson., 

Ann Smith, Mary Paterson, pnt. 

., Mar. 27, f I. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Geo. Bos wall, Saidler, 

named George. Mr. Anderson, Jo. Melvin, Mrs. Boswall, &c. 
., Apr. 17, f. I. h. 6. v. In" Gants Gloss, baptized a son of William 
Hay, Sert. to Mr. Gha. St. Clair, Advocate, & Ann Short, named 
John. James Farquharson, Sert. to Mr. Pringle, Ann Jackson, 
&c., pnt. 
„ May 4, f. 4. h. 4. v. At Summerhall, S.E. of Hope Park, baptized a 
son of Mr. James Hay, Writer to the Signet, & Anne Farqrson, 
named George. Mr. Ord, Mr. and Mrs. Keith, Mr. Tytler, his 
son and daur., Gommiston, Albert Mnnro, Mrs. Kerr, Helen 

Digitized by 


1 6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Turner, &c., pnt. N.B, This child was born on Sunday, 24th 
Apr., but his baptism was so long deferr'd on acct of the 
Epidemical Cold, and fever qch hi^ prevailed in Mr. Hay's 
1743. June I, f. 4. h. 3. V. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a son of 
Gilbert Gow, Drawer in Mr. Walker's, & Margt. Collie, named 
David. James Reoch, Jno. Fife, &c., pnt 

„ June 5, f. I. h. 5. V. At Drumsheugh, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
Archd. Stewart, Member of Parliat. for Edinr., named Grizell. 
Sir John Stewart of Allanbank, proxey for his broyr.. Provost 
Coutts, Lord Minto and his son, Mr. Hary Barclay, Mr. Forrest, 
Mr. Halyburton, Mr. Eccles, and their wives, &c., pnt 

„ June 5, h. 6J. In the College Wynd, baptized a daur. of Andrew 
Wilson, Lint Dresser), & Eliz. Leslie, named Margaret James 
Wouldhave, John Nicol, Margt. Jackson, &c., pnt. 

., June 8, f. 4. h. 4. v. Bailies Closs, Cowgate, baptized a son 
Randolph M'Donnel, of the City Gaurd, & . . • Drummond, 
named Alexander. Thos. Gow, Malster, Chris. Drummond, &c., 

,, Augt 8, At the desire of Mr. Blair, I baptized, in Writers Court, a 
son of John Seton, Mert, & Elizabeth Berry, named James. 
James Seton, late Bailie of Edinr;, John Houston, Writer. &c. 
&c., pnt 

,. Augt. 10, f. 4. 5 J. ves. At the head of th* Old Assembly Closs, 
baptized a son of Walter Orrock, Shoemaker, & Elizabeth 
Mercer, named David. Mr. and Mrs. Mercer, &c., pnt 

., Augt. 10, h. 6^. In Fowler's Closs, baptized, for Mr. Blair, a son of 
Martin Eccles, Surgeon, named William. Miss . . . Elliot, Dor. 
Rot. Lowis & Mr. Craigie, Spors. — pr. Liam ; Mr. Archd. Stewart 
and his Lady, Pitcarr, Mr. Kid, Bailie Allan, &c. &c., pnt. 

., Septr. 15, f. 5. h. 5. V. In Brownes Closs, baptized a son of John 
More, Bookbinder, & Margt. Patullo, named John. Wm. 
Gordon, Bookseller, &c., pnt 
Septr. 26, f. 2. h. 3. V. In our Chappel in Camibbers Closs, I read 
vespers, pro re nata, and administered baptism (according to the 
Form for those of riper years) to the Co. of Eglinton's negro 
servant, having before endeavoured to prepare him for it He was 
named Alexander Archibald Caesar. James Eraser, Clk., Joseph 
Rotson., my nephew, and Keith Thriepland, my wife (as proxies 
for the Earl of Eglinton, Mr. Archibald, and Lady Helen 
Montgomerys), being his chosen witnesses. Miss Babie Smith, 
Mrs. Warders Scholars, Margt. Hunter, the Ladies of March, 
and some vyr. young people, pnt 
Octor. 3. f. 2. h. 6. V. In Curries Closs, Castlehill, Edr., baptized 
a daur. of Mr. Jo Cummings, in the Excise Office, named 
Anne. Mrs. Preston, Dor. Rutherford, Mr. Ramsay, Mr. 
Sinclair, & Mr. Preston, pnt. 

., Novor. 2. f. 4. h. 4. V. In Forrester's Wynd, baptized a daur. of 
William Wilson, Writer, named Csecilia. Mrs. Anne Haldane, 
Mrs. Wilson, & Mr. Wilson, Spors. — pr. Liturg ; Mr. Rot. 
Henderson & his wife, Geo. Murray & his daur., Caecilia, & 
Mrs. Murray, pnt 

Digitized by 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 1 7 

17 3. Novor. 20, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a son of Alexr. 
M*Glashan, Taylor, & Kath. Forbes, named John. Wm. Ingles, 
Jo. M*Carter, & Mary Smith, witnesses. N,B.—Yt, Novr. 8th, 
while I was at Adiston, my Collegue, Mr. Mackenzie, baptized a 
son of George Bayne, Clerk to . . . Wright, Fflax Mert. in the 
Cowgate, named Logan. 

„ Novor. 26, f. 7. h. 4J. V. After the burial of good Lady Rankeilor- 
Hope, I baptized (at the bottom of Milnes Square) a son of 
John Scott, Chairman, & Eliz. Neilson, named William. Wm. 
Scott, Thos. Murray, Gouldiers in the City Guard, &c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 11, f. i. h. 6. v. near Weirs Land, Canongate, baptized a 
son of David Reid, Shoemaker, & Lillias Hay, named William. 
Wm. Reid, Wm. Darling, & Mrs. Lindsay, &c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 13, f. 3. h. 4. v. in the Worlds End Closs, at the desire of 
Mr. Rae (confined by sore eyes), I baptized a son of Mr. John 
Murray of Broughton, named David. My Lady Murray, Mrs. 
Ferguson, Mr. Thos. Hay, Wm. M*Douga!, & their Ladyes, Mr. 
Cha. Murray of Stanhope, Capt. Pat. Murray, Jo. Douglas, 
&c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 16, f. 6. h. 6. v. in St. Marys Wynd, at the desire of Mr. 
Rae, baptized a daur. of James Scott of Dunkeld, Writer, named 
Margaret. Deacon Chassells & his wife (being the grand- 
parents), John Hay, Wigmaker, & his wife, Mrs. MTherson, & 
Wm. Scott, pnts. 

„ Decer. 29, f. 5. h. 3. v. In the Middle Common Closs, Canongate, 
baptized a son of William Henderson, Sert. to Kavers Kerr; & 
Chris. Gibson, named John. Jo. Gibson, Al. Kinloch, Edr., 
Eliz. Gibson, pnt. 
A^ Sal. 

1744. Janry. 29, f. i. h. 5. v. In the Canongate, baptized a son (bom 
the 15th h. 7j. v.) of Kenneth, Marquiss of Seafort, & Mary 
Stewart of Garlics, niece of the E. Marischal of Scotland, named 
Kenneth. — Sin. Lit; Lord Garlics, Spor. ; Duke of Perth, 
Earls of Wigton & Aboyn, Lord St. Clair, Ld. Royston & 
his son, Baron Clerk, Frazerdale< Mr. Alexr. Lockhart, Mr. Jo. 
Mackenzie, Dor. Stenison, Mr. Chisolm, &c., & almost as many 
Ladies — the Countesses of Morray & Wigton, Lady Frances 
Mackenzie, Ly. St. Clair, Mrs. Kath. Stewart, Ly. Garlics, Mrs. 
Lockhart, Mrs. Mary Lockhart, Mrs. Jean M*Kenzie, Miss 
Paterson, &c. &c., pnt. 

,. Feb. 5, f. I. h. 7. V. At the foot of Cants Closs, baptized a son of 
Mathew M'Baine, Butler to the E. of Wigton, and Martha Light- 
body, named James. Alexr. Foreman, Helen Morison, &c., pnt. 

„ Feb. 28, f. 3. h. 5. v. In the Pleasance, baptized a son of John 
Stewart, Taylor, & Eliz. Bruce, named John. Henry Neilson, & 
Wm. Doby, Weavers, and Kath. Gray, &:c., pnt. 

,, Apr. I, f. I. h. 4. V. In Gossfords Closs, baptized a son of Andrew 
Ewen, Innkeeper, named John ; & visited his wife Janet 
Straiton, dying. 
Apr. 15, f. I. h. 4.y. In Writters Court, baptized a son of William 
Mossman, Painter, & Jean Butter, Milliner, named Thoma*?. 
John Blair of Balthaigck, Jo. Fullarton of Dudwick, Mr. 

VOL. VI. — NO. XXI. B 

Digitized by 


1 8 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Watson, Writer, Mrs. Jo. Blair, Mrs. Jac. Blair, & Mrs. Mary 

Butter, pnt. — ^pr. Li&m. 
1744. June 3, f. I. h. 4. V, In Waristons Closs, baptized a daur. of . . . 

Weir, Sugar Mert., and . . . Gordon, named Anne. Richd. 

Walker & his wife, Mrs. Watson, Mr. Dollas, &c., pnt. 
„ Septer. 16, f. 1. h. 4. v. At the foot of Mary Kings Closs, baptized 

a daur. of John Goodwillie, Writer, named Henrietta. — pr. Lit 
„ Septer. 27, f. 5. cir. merid. At Ravelston, baptized a daur. of Mr. 

Alexr. Keith & Johan Swinton, named Agnes. Miss Annie 

Rutherford, Peggie Swinton, Mrs. St. Clair, Dor. Rutherford, 

Messrs. Jo. Sinclair, Hary Guthrie, Jo. Hog, Alexr. & David 

Orme, & old Mr. Keith, pnt. 
„ Septer. 30, f. i. h. 4. v. In the High School Wynd, baptized a son 

of Hugh Stewart & Isabel Clerk, my old Serts., named Neil, 

Joseph Robertson, Jo. Hempseed, his wife & son, &:c., pnt 
„ Octor. 9, f. 3. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. of Walter Orrock, Deacon 

of the Shoemakers, named Helen. Mrs. Mercer, Mr. Dougal 

Ged, & their wives, &c. &c., pnt 
„ Novr. 4, £ I. h. 4. V. In the middle Baxters Closs, baptized a 

daur. of Gea Livingstone, Sert. to Mr. M'farlane, Vintner, & 

Chris. Davidson, named Beatrix. George Bean, &c &c., pnt 
„ Novr. 26. In Grays Closs, baptized a son of Evan Mackenzie, 

Soldier in the City Gaurd, & Mary M'Donell, whom I had 

marryed 6th Dec. last 
„ Novr. 26, h. 5. V. In Marlins Wynd, Mr. Dd. baptized a son of 

Mr. David Graeme, Advocate, named James. Lady Moncrief, 

Godmother; Mr. Brice & I. SpOrs for Abercairny & Newton. 
A« Sal. 
'745- Jany. 13, f. i. h. 5. v. Opposite to the Luckenbooths, baptized a 

son of John Halyburton, of Murray's Law, Mercht, named 

John Gordon. Mr. &: Mrs. Gordon, Jo. Halyburton of Newmains, 

Bailie Mansfield and his wife, &c &c., pnt. 
„ Jany. 18, f. 6. h. 3. v. While my Col. read prs. for me, I baptized 

^in the Pleasants) a dying child of Cha. Guthrie, Staymaker 

(lately deceased), & . . • . Fraser his wife, farr gone in a Dropsie. 

• • • • Bisset, Spor. 
„ Jany. 24, f. 5. h. 3. v. In Carrubbers Closs, baptized a daur. (a 

weakly child) of Liet James Bruce, of the Royal Regt., and Mrs. 

Ja. Gibson, daur. of Sir Edward Gibson, named Barbara. My 

I^dy Gibson, Mrs. Isob. Maitland, David Bruce, Writer, & Liet. 

Ja. Montgomery, SpOrs. Mr. Scrimzeor of Birkhill, Advocate, & 

his Lady, pnt 
„ Apr. 2, f. 3. h. 2. V. At the Cowgate head, baptized a daur. of 

James Riddoch, Shoemaker, named Katherine. 
„ Apr. II, f. 5. h. 4. V. In Tothericks Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

Francis Shand, Sert. to Sir Ja. Stewart of Goodtrees, & Helen 

M'Colmic, named Frances ; the moyr. Spor., &c 
„ Apr. 21, f. I. h. 9^. V. About the middle of the Potterrow, near the 

Seceding Meeting-house, baptized a daughter of Daniel Wilson, 

Wright, & Mary Adam, named Janet. Tho, Oliphant, Dyer, 

Janet Adam, Margt Black, &c., pnt N,B. — A certificate of 

their marriage was produced. 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 19 

I74S- June 16, f. i. h. 4. v. In the Govt. CIoss, baptized a son of Gilbert 

Gow, Vintner, named Gilbert. Mr. Seton & his son, Richd. 

Walker & his, Ja. Stewart, Ja. Reoch, &c. &c. &c., pnt. 
„ June 30, f. I. h. 4 J. V. In Morison's Gloss, Mr. Rol^rtson being 

in England for his health, I baptized a daur. of Ronald 

M 'Donald, Vintner, named Elizabeth (pr. Liam) Grizei Stewart. 

Isobel Hutchinson, Spors. 
., July 7, f. I. h. 4. V. In Writer's Court, baptized a son, William 

Mosman, Painter, named David. John Blair Balthayock, John 

Fullarton, Dudwich, Gha. Butter, Mert, Mrs. Butter, Miss 

Mosman, &c., Spors. — (pr. Liam). 
„ July 12, f. 6. h. 4. V. In Gloss, baptized a daur. of John 

More, Bookbinder, named Isabel. 
„ Sept. 10, f. 3. h. V. In Peebles Wynd, baptized (pr. Lit.) a daur. 

of Jo. Gummings, Gollr. of Excise, now at Montrose, named 

Margaret. Mrs. Anderson (the grandmoyr.), Margt Anderson, 

& Dor. Wilson, Spors. 
„ Sept. 19, Baptized a son of Gulbertson, Porter in Ganongate, 

named James. 
„ Sept. 23, f. 2. h. 3. V. Baptized a son of Roger M*Donell, Sert. 

to the Earl of Nithsdaie, &: Ann Gregory, named Gharles, 

after the Prince of Wales, then at Holyrood-house. 
„ Sept 25, f. 4. h. 6. V. In Smith's Land, baptized a daughter of 

Walter Orrock, Shoemaker, named Isabel. Miss Dundas, 

Dougal Ged & his wife, Mr. & Mrs. Mercer, &:c., pnt. 
„ Oct, 7, f. 2. cir. merid. At Whitehill, baptized a daur. of Robert 

Balfour Ramsay, named Elizabeth. Mrs. Rosina Ramsay, Eliz. 

Balfour, Mary Drumond, Miss Graham, Messrs. Galderwood, 

Ja. Graham, and Preston of Gorton, &c., pnt. 

„ Oct. II, f. 6. h. 4. V. At Leith Milns, baptized a son of Wm. Weir, 

Mert. in Edinr., & Eliz. Gordon, named Gharles-William. Mr. 

Thos. TuUoh, Mrs. Walker, Miss Dunbar, &c, pnt 
„ Oct 13, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Ganongate head, baptized a daur. of 

William Heriot, Gunsmith, named Janet. Misses Janie & 

Jeanie Stephens, Jo. Wilson, &c., pnt 
„ Oct 29, f 3. h. 5. V. In Halkerston's Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

Paul Husband, Confectioner, named Lillias. David Gow, 

Writer, B. Rot. Lindsay & his wife, &c., pnt. 
„ Novr. 17, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Back Stairs, baptized a son of John 

Urquhart & Margt. Harper, named John ; the moyr. Spor. 
„ Der. 19, f. 5. h. 5. v. In Lady Pitcairlies house in the Lawn Mercat, 

baptized a daur. of Gapt Rot Taylor & Jean Thomson, named 

Barbara ; the moyr. Spor. Dor. Taylor, & his broyrs. & sisters, 

Mrs. Thomson, &:c., pnt 
„ Der. 27, F. St Jo. Evan. f. 6. cir. merid. In my closet, baptized 

a daur. of John Stewart, taylor, named Elizabeth. 
A* Sal. 
1746. Jary. 3, f. 6. h. 10 ma. mat. In my room, baptized a daughter of 

Stephen Wetherspoon, groom to , named Agnes. Hugh 

Wilson, Helen Maxwell, &c., witnesses. 
„ Jary. 14, f. 3. h. 8. v. Baptized a daur. of William Miller, Chairman, 

& Beatrix Clink, named Rebecca. Rebecca M*Leod, Martha 

Ritchie, &:c., witnesses. 

Digitized by 


20 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1 746. Febry. 4, f. 3. h. 3. v. Near the Cross of Edinr., baptized a daur. of 
Charles Esplin, Limner, & Patricia Preston, named Charlotte 
— (pr. Lit.). Mrs. Duncan, Mr. Gouan, & his wife, &a 
&c., pnt. 

„ Febry. 18, f. 3. h. 8. v. Baptized a son of Mathew M'Bane & 
Martha Lightbody (serts. to Pitcurr), named Daniel. Allan 
Cameron, &c., pnt. 

„ Mar. I, f. 7. circa merid. At Ravelstown, baptized a son of Alexr. 
Keith, under Clk. of Session, named Robert. Do. Rutherford, 
Messrs. Ja. Hay, Hary Guthrie, William & J. Swintons, Mrs. 
Peggie Swinton, &c., pnt. 

„ Apr. 24, f. 5. h. 6. V. At the Meal Market, baptized twins, a son 
& a daughter of Ebenezer Oliphant, Jeweller, named John & 
Emelia. Messrs. John, Thomas, &c. &c., Belchies, Dr. White, 
&c., pnt. 

„ June 29, f. I. h. 5. V. Near to Pillrigg, baptized a daur. of Deacon 
Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Mary Robertson. Mr. Hugh 
Crawford & his l*ady, Stuart Carmichael, & Mrs. Peggie Stewart, 
&c., pnt. 

„ July 6, f. I. h. 4. V. Dor. Drummond baptized a daur. of Mr. David 
Grseme, Advocate, named Charlotte. 

„ July 10, f. 5. h. 6. V. In Worlds End Closs, baptized a daur. of 
David Laing, Butler to my Lady St. Clair, named Margaret 
; „ July 15, f. 3. cir. merid. At Hatton, read prs. and baptized (sdy. 
Liam) a daur. of Hugh & Elizabeth Seton, of Touch, named 
Barbara. Mrs. Smith, Lady Barrowfield, & Mr. Sellar, proxy for 
Mr. Chas. Smith, Spors. 

„ Augt. 10, f. I. h. 8. mat In my closet, baptized a daur. of James 
Storie, Waterman, named Rachel 

„ Augt. II, h. 4. V. In Fifes Closs, baptized (in absence of Mr. Rae) 
a son of John Mackintosh, Brushmaker, named Alexander. 
Dor. Clark & his son, & Mary Weir, pnt. 

„ Sept. 6, h. 6. V. In Roxburgh's Closs, baptized a daur. of Robert 
Wilson (Sert. of Coll. Jn. Stewart, now at London), named 
Isabel. Dan. M*Lean, Chairman, & Jas. NicoU, &c., witnesses. 

„ Sept. 25, f. 5. at noon. In Kinlochs Closs, baptized a daur. of 
Hary Guthrie, Writer, & Rachel Miln, named Anne. Peter 
Henderson & . . . . Hutchinson, Mr. Miln, &c., pnt 

„ Sept 25, h. 7 J. V. In Upper Baxter's Closs, baptized a son of J 

M ofB &M T nam'd John- 
Charles. C . . . R & Mrs. E . . . n, pnt 

„ Octor. 3, f. 6. h. 6. v. In the Flesh Mercat Closs, Canongate, bap- 
tized a son of John Goodwillie, Wter., named John. Isob. 
• Lumisden, Eliz. Barclay, &c., Spors. 

„ Novr. 15, f. 7. h. 1 1, m. At the Neyr. Bow, baptized a son of George 
Duncan, named John. 

„ Novr. 21, f. 6. h. 3. v. In the West Bow, baptized a son of Alexr. 
Nicolson, Plumber, named Robert Sir Richard Murray, my 
Lady Murray, & daurs., pnt — (pr. LiSm). 

„ Der. 7, f. I. h. 6. v. In Closs, baptized a daur. of . . . Living- 
ston, Sert to Mr. Walker, named Christian. Richard & Chris. 
Walkers^ &c., pnt 

Digitized by 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 2 1 

Ao Sal. 

1747. Jary. 12, f. 2. h. 5. v. In Bess-Wynd, baptized a son of Walter 

Orrock, Shoemaker in Edinr., now Mert. in Levin, named John. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ramsay of Leith, Mr. & Mrs. Mercer, Dougal Gfid, 

Mr. Bailie of Beinson, &c., pnt. 
„ Febry. 8, f. i. h. 9. m. In my house at Mattins, baptized a Negro 

Servant of Hugh Seton of Touch, named Charles, after having 

kept him about 8 weeks in my house in order to instruct and 

prepare him for it. James Fraser & Ka. Threipland, my wife, 

were his chosen witnesses. Ly. Balgowan, Mrs. Leslie, Clem. 

Smith, Mrs. Butler, &c., pnt, ; qd. f. f. q. sit. Deij precor. 
,, Mar. 13, f. 6. h. 7. v. In my closet, baptized Charles, a son of John 

Neish, now prisoner in Perth, sometime a Sert. to the Pr. C. & 

of Margt Glen. Duncan Neish, Spor. 
„ Mar. 20, f. 6. h. 7. v. In Todericks Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

James Wood, Taylor, named Beatrix. 
„ Apr. 8, f. 4. h. 6. V. In the Luckenbooths, baptized a son of Andrew 

Wilson (Lint dresser), named Walter. James Woodhaue, Jo. 

Niccol, &c., pnt 
„ Apr. 9, f. 5. h. 6. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of Thomas 

Duff, Sert. to Sir Rot. Menzies, named Mary. John M^Grigor, 

Alexr. Leith, Ann Campbell, &c, pnt. 
„ May 27, f. 4. h. 5. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a son of William 

Wilsone, Writer, & Lillias Haldane, named Charles. Mrs. Murray, 

Mr. Rot. Henderson, Mrs. Ann Haldane, &c, Spors. — (pr. Liam). 
„ May 30, f. 7. at noon. At Ravelstone, baptized a daur. of Alexander 

Keith, under Clk. of Session, & Johanna Swinton, named 

Margaret Dor. Jo. Rutherford, & his Lady, Alexr. & David 

Orme, pnt 
„ June 28, f. I. h. 7. v. Parliat Closs, at the top of the Presidents 

Stairs, baptized a son of John Crawford, sometime Mert., after- 
wards Tidesman, & Late a Sculker, named Charles-Edward- 

Charteris. Jo. M*Niven, Neil M*Duff, & Caecilia Scott, 

„ June 29, f. 2. h. 8. v. In the Pleasants, baptized a daur. of John 

Davidsone, sometime Mert in Canongate, late a sculker, 

named Char. Charlotte \sic\ Jo. Watson, Jo. Kearie, Hel. 

Burns, pnt 
„ July 6, f. 2. h. 3. y. In Borthwicks Closs, baptized a daur. of George 

Bayne (Clk. to Jo. Wright), named Charlotte. Miss Isob. 

Mackenzie, daur. of Dochairn, Frances Ware, & Mary Lockart, 

„ Augt. 8, f. 7. h. 3. v. In the High School Wynd, baptized a daur. 

of Hugh Stewart & Isabel Clerk, some time my Servants, named 

Katherine. Lady Katherine Charters & Mrs. Harper, God- 

moyrs. Jo. Hempseed & his wife, &c., pnt. 
,, Augt. 9, f. I. h. 5. V. In Writer's Court, baptized a son of Mr. James 

Hay, Writer, & . . . . Moodie, named Charles. Alexr. Keith, 

CIL, And. Hay, Montblairie, & Mrs. M. Lermont, Lady Ard- 

backie, Ly. Nicolson, &c., pnt 
„ Sept 9, f. 4. h. 6. V. In Blackfryar W3nid, baptized a daur. of ... . 

Mackaindlay, Chairman, named Barbara. 

Digitized by 


22 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1747. Octor. 3, f. 7. h. 6. V. In Marlins Wynd, baptized a son of Mr. 

David Graeme, Advocate, named John. Mrs. Eliz. Graeme, Jo. 

Rattray, & David Carmichael, Spors., &c &c. 
„ JOctor. 5, f. 2. h. 2. v. In Tweedales Closs, baptized a daughter of 

John Borthwick, Taylor, & Marjory Wood, named Janet Geo. 

Bayne, James Harper, Charles Hepburn, Jo. Pringle & his wife, 

„ Octor. 7, f. I. h. 5. V. In Black Fryars Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

James Reoch, Writer & Pror., named Agnes. Geo. Lauder, 

Surgeon, &c., pnt. 
„ Octor. 27, f. 3. h. 6. V. In the Parliat. Closs (for Mr. Pat Gordon), 

baptized a daughter of John Hope, Mert., named Stuart Mar}\ 

Mrs. (al) Monro, Miss Peggy Hope, & Rankeelor, Spors. — (pr. 

„ Nov. 19, f. 5. h. 6. V. In the Canongate, baptized (pr. Lit) a daur. 

of Alexr. Nicolson, Plumber, named Jean, Sir Richd. Murray, 

my Lady Murray, & 2 Daurs. pnt 
„ Decer. 25, Xtmas Day, f. 6. h. 6. v. In the Old Assembly Closs, 

baptized a daur. of Peter Cameron, Sert. to Mrs. Walker, named 

Charlotte. Mrs. Walker's children, Mr. Grant, Gil. Gone & his 

wife, &C., pnt 

(To be continued^ 

360. Oldest Seal of the Burgh op Di^ndee. — ^The following in- 
teresting note appeared in the Dundee Advertiser of 3olh April 1890. By 
the courtesy of the Editor, we are not only permitted to reprint it for our 
readers, but to make use of the engraving illustrating the seaL £d. 

'Burgh Seal of Dundee in 1492. 

* Whilst Sir William Fraser, Deputy-Keeper of the Records of Scotland, 
was examining the documents at Melville House preparatory to completing 
his work on The Melvilles^ Earls of Melville^ and the Leslies^ Earls of 
Ltuen^ he came across a parchment bearing the Seal of the Burgh of 
Dundee, and dated i6th April 1492. Having conununicated with us 
regarding this Seal, he found that it was much older than what was sup- 
posed to be the oldest Dundee Seal of the Burgh preserved amongst the 
Town's Charters, and he obtained permission from Mr. Melville-Cartwright, 
which was readily granted, to send the document and seal here that we 
might have the latter reproduced in these columns. It is of special 
interest as showing that the symbolical " pot and lilies " was adopted as the 
emblem of Dundee at a much earlier date than is usually supposed. 

*The first reference to a so-called Seal of the Burgh of Dundee is found 
in Rymer's Foedera^ vol. iii. page 371, where it is stated that the docu- 
ment appointing proctors for the ransom of David n. in 1357 had such a 
seal appended. Mr. Joseph Bain, in his Calendar of Documents relating 
to Scotland^ describes this seal, which is now in the Chapter-House, 
Westminster, but questions whether it was the Burgh Seal. His descrip- 
tion is as follows : — A Saint vested with a tall, pointed mitre and seated, 
pastoral staflf in left hand, giving benediction with right ; figure kneeling at 
each side; background diapered with lozenges; Signum . . . entis de 
DvNDE. Eeverse— The Virgin crowned, seated with the Holy Child ; angel 
at each side, with outstretched wings, swinging censer ; similar background. 
. . . it.lum COMMUNE viLL. . . . N. AvE Maria. Like Mr. Bain, we have 
grave doubts as to this being the Burgh Seal of Dundee. It seems more 

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likely to be the seal of the Rector of St Clement's Church — which stood 
on the site of the present Town House — than the common seal used by 
the Magistrates. In Mr. Hay's valuable book of "Writs, Charters, and 
Documents connected with Dundee" there is a lithograph of a seal 
appended to a document dated 21st March 1555, which is described as 
the oldest seal of the burgh preserved in the charter-room. An examina- 
tion of this picture will show that the seal is identical with the one de- 
scribed above ; and as the document relates to the Chaplainry of St 
Salvador, this makes it very probable that it is not a burghal but an 
ecclesiastical seal. 

*The document to which the seal here engraved is attached is a 
Notarial Instrument dated i6th April 1492, and is in excellent preserva- 

tion. It is written partly in Latin and partly in Scots, and has several 
peculiarities of phraseology. It narrates that in presence of Thomas Seres 
and Robert Wedderbum, Bailies of the Burgh of Dundee, in the Tolbooth 
there, Dorothy Tulloch, wife of Walter Wood of Bonnytoun, appeared, and 
produced a contract dated at Dundee, i6th April 1492, by which her 
husband and herself renounce and quit-claim in favour of David Ogilvy of 
Inchmartin, all the said Dorothy's rights as heir to the late Alexander 
Ogilvy, her mother's brother, and her mother [grandmother], Christian 
Glen, over the lands of Inchmartin, Duntrune, Balmuto, and Dron, in the 
shires of Perth, Fife, and Forfar ; which contract the said Dorothy, in the 
absence of her husband, approves and confirms by her oath made before 
the Bailies, concluding with these words : — " Sa help me God, and myn 
awin hand, and be this crois and alhaly crois and all at God made on 

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sex dayis and sewin nycht, and be my parte of paradise/* In the notary's 
testification it is declared that the "Common Seal of the Burgh of 
Dundee " is appended. The document itself is interesting as showing the 
origin of the old Forfarshire family of the Woods of Bonnytown, but we 
wish to direct notice at present exclusively to the seal. It shows incon- 
testably that the pot with lilies — the emblem of the Virgin — was used as 
the burgh device 400 years ago. As to the wyverns that are represented 
as supporters, it will be noticed that the' wings of these animals are de- 
flexed, not displayed — thus settling an old heraldic controversy. When 
Sir Charles Erskine of Cambo, Lyon King of Arms, issued his certificate 
as to the arms of Dundee on 30th July 1673, ^^ declared that the "pot 
and growing lilies " had been, and were to be, " the true and unrepealable 
signes-armoriall of the Burgh-Royall." There is here not any mention of 
the Virgin and Child or the Mitred Bishop ever having been the arms of 
Dundee. Everything suggests that this which we have engraved is the 
oldest existing seal of the Burgh of Dundee.* 

The following appeared in the issue of 2nd May : — 

* On Thursday last we described a seal of the burgh of Dundee show- 
ing the pot and lilies as the heraldic device used in 1492, and we referred 
to a sej^l of 1357, the fragments of which are now in the Chapter-House, 
Westminster, which has been regarded with doubt as to whether it was 
the Common Seal of the burgh. Our article has directed the attention of 
Mr. William Hay, Town Clerk of Dundee, specially to this subject, and he 
has submitted for our inspection the principal impressions of the Burgh 
Seals of Dundee which are preserved in the Town's Charter-room. The 
oldest of these is appended to a charter dated 21st March 1555, and, as 
we suggested, is identical in every particular with the seal of 1357. As it 
is in excellent preservation, there is no difficulty in making out the figures 
of St. Clement with his anchor on the obverse, and the Virgin and Child 
on the reverse, whilst the inscription is perfect, and entirely agrees with 
the suggestions we made to supply the missing portions of the legend on 
the 1357 seal. This was unquestionably the Great Seal of the Burgh, to 
be used on special occasions, and the legend describes it as Sigillum 
Commune Vill^e de Dvnde. Mr. Hay's opinion is that after the Re- 
formation this form of the Seal was definitely abandoned, as savouring of 
Popery, and it is very probable that it never was used subsequent to 1555. 
The fact that James Halyburtoun, the Provost of that time, was a pro- 
minent leader amongst the Reformers, makes this theory almost a 
certainty. To the same document is appended the round seal of the 
Bishop of Brechin,* who was superior of the Chaplainry of St. Salvator in 
Dundee, to which the charter refers, 

* Previous to this time the minor seal of the burgh had borne the device 
of the pot and lilies, as shown by our reproduction of the seal of 1492 
which Sir William Eraser submitted to us \ and there is proof that later 
documents bore this device exclusively. One of the parchments shown to 
us by Mr. Hay is a Transumpt made on 24th July 1592 of a charter dated 
14th June 1562, the seal attached bearing the pot and lilies, with the 
wyverns as supporters. In the notarial testing-clause it is described as 
" the privy seal of the burgh." Another of the documents in Mr. Hay's 
charge iS a Transumpt dated 2d December 1629 of the important charter 
of 17th November 1594, by which the Earl of Craufurd conferred upon 
the Hospital the lands and houses belonging to the Minorite Friars in 

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Dundee. The seal has the pot and lilies and usual supporters, and is 
described by the Provost and Bailies as " our seal." The heraldic bearings 
of the burgh were definitely settled by Sir Charles Erskine of Cambo, 
Lord Lyon King of Arms, in 1673; and we have thus examples of the 
Burgh Seal of Dundee from 1357 till the present time.' 

361. List of Rebels, 1745-6. — There is a list of Rebels in the British 
Museum (Add. MSS. No. 19,796). Some additional information may be 
obtained therefrom. Lists were published last year in the Nairn 
Telegraph, the Banffshire Journal , and the Aberdeen Free Press, containing 
the names of northern rebels, obtained, I understand, from the Record Office, 
but they do not differ materially from the list subsequently published by 
Lord Rosebery. The Editor of some of these lists arranged them by parishes, 
which is a decided improvement on the plan adopted in the list published 
by the Scottish History Society. A tendency has been apparent of late to 
magnify the Rebellion of 1745. With much greater propriety could such 
a prQcess be applied to the Rebellion of 17 15. Tested in various ways 
the Lists usually published seem for some northern districts at least 
singularly complete. When names of persons concerned in the Rebellion 
are referred to in Kirk Session records they are generally also met with in 
the Lists. Out of fifteen names mentioned in The Church of Speymouth, 
p. 59, all are identified in the lists except perhaps two, but these names 
may perhaps be objected to for a fair test. 

George Geddes, servant, is stated in Deskfqrd Kirk Session Minutes to 
have been engaged in the Rebellion. His name does not occur in the 
Lists. Alexander Gordon, schoolmaster, Cairney, is stated in the records 
of the Presbytery of Strathbogie to have been in the Rebellion. His name 
also does not appear in the usual Lists. The sentiment and romance 
that have circled around the Jacobite risings have aided much in mis- 
representing the actual state of matters. Kirk Session records generally 
furnish us with a very faithful reflex of the prevalent sentiments of the time, 
and it may not be without value to quote a few brief extracts therefrom. 
All evidence goes to show that the '45 was regarded, in general, as a con- 
siderable nuisance. A few Kirk Sessions are ominously silent when they 
might have been exacted to speak, but the general feeling will be shown 
from the following : — 

Presbytery of Fordyce, 1 745. — * The Synod have appointed presbyteries 
to correspond with one another during these publick disturbances 
occasioned by a horrid rebellion, fomented and carried on by the 
abbettors of the Young Pretender,' 

Presbytery of Fordyce, 1746, January 15. — *The post road from 
Fordyce has for some time been infested by the rebels.' 

Kirk Session of Fordyce, 1747. — *John Richardson recommended by 
the Kirk Session to the Earl of Findlater for a place in the Customs on 
account of his good behaviour during the late wicked and unnatural 

Kirk Session of Fordyce, 1746, April 20. — 'Thanksgiving intimate 
by order of the Synod for the prospect of deliverance from the oppression 
by the rebels.' 

Kirk Session of Fordyce, 1746, May 25. — 'Proclamation read this 
day from the Duke of Cumberland, and a letter from the Lord Justice 
Clerk, relating to the discovery of the rebels. The minister took advice of 

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the Elders and warned them to be upon their guard. They also gave 
an account of the several rebels that had gone out of this parish.' 

Kirk Session of Deskford. 1 746, April 23. — * Thanksgiving for the 
glorious victory over the rebels at Culloden, i6th inst, where numbers of 
the rebel army were slain and a complete victory obtained.' Text : — 
Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits. 

Kirk Session of Ruthven, 1746. — *Mr. Grant, Schoolmaster, recom- 
mended by the Presbytery to the Committee for an augmentation of his 
salary, he having suffered considerably by the rebels in their passing and 
repassing by his house.' 

Kirk Session of Rutkven, 1 746, March 30. — * The bedle craved of 
the Session the favour to lend him a crown, being straitened by reason 
of the pretender's son's soldiers threatening to poind him for his excise, as 
others in the bounds are, which was granted.' 

Kirk Session of Cullen. 1746, April 23. — * A day of thanksgiving ap- 
pointed by the Synod for the goodness of the season and the prospect of 
the present rebellion being soon extinguished.'. 

Kirk Session of Cullen, 1746, June 26. — * A day of thanksgiving ap- 
pointed by the King for our late happy deliverance.' 

Kirk Session of Bellie, 1746, March 2. — *The Session, considering 
that the times were such that all justice was silent, resolved to refer till 
they should see if God in his providence would put an end to the 

Kirk Session of Bellie. 1746, March 16. — 'This day the minister 
intimate the Duke of Cumberland's proclamation, dated at Montrose, re- 
quiring such of the Rebels as bore no office and were only private men to 
lay down their arms and return to their own homes, for which (great 
numbers of the Rebels being in Church), that afternoon, many outrages 
were committed about his house, and upon Tuesday he himself was made 
prisoner by them ; and we had no sermon from this day untill the Duke's 
army came past, 12th April 1746.* 

Presbytery of Strathbogie. 1745, December 25. — * Present Mr. Tough 
from Aberlour, correspondent according to the appointment of the Synod, 
that neighbouring presbyteries should correspond with one another for prayer 
and converse in these times of trouble and danger.' 1746, January 15. — 
* The Presbytery delayed going through their minutes on account of the dis- 
turbances of the times.' 1746, March 26. — *The Presbytery consider that 
by reason of the confusion of the times they could not do anything with 
the delinquents.' 1746, April 30. — *Mr. Ramsay represented that 
Alexander Gordon, who had been admitted Schoolmaster at Cairny, had 
left that place and joined in the rebellion, and craved that the school 
might be declared vacant.' 

Kirk Session of EssiL 1746, February 22. — * Mr. Crichtone of Auchin- 
goul, who assumed the title of Vicount Frendraught, came to Gerraach. 
The rebel Is of his Regiment were very unruly, and showed little regard to 
his authority.' March 2. — * Several rebells were in church, heard King 
George prayed for and made no disturbance.' March 18. — *Lord John 
Drummond came to the Manse, and it became the rebells headquarters 
at Spey. About a week after the Duke of Perth came, and the house 
was frequented by Lord Ogilvie, Sir William Gordon Park, Sir James 
Kinloch, Avachie, Cowbardie, Major Hales, Mr. Fletcher of Benschie, 
and sometimes others, as Lord Elcho, Lord Strathallan, Lord Balmerinoch, 

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Earle of Kilmarnock, Secretary Murray, Mr. Sullivan, and many others. 
Though this was very expensive to the minister, they used him very civilly, 
and gave him no disturbance in point of principle, but there was no 
publick worship during their stay.' 

Kirk Session ofEssiL 1 746, April 1 3. — * After the Duke of Cumberland 
with his army marched away, preached on Psalm xviii. 46:— The Lord 
Hveth ; and blessed be my Rock; and the God of my salvation be exalted.* 

Kirk Session of EssiL 1746, June 26. — *This day being appointed by 
the General Assembly for thanksgiving for the defeat of the late Rebellion ; 
and our deliverance from Popery and arbitrary power, the text before and 
after noon was Psalm 126, 3: — The Lord hath done great things for us, 
whereof we are glad.' 

Kirk Session ofDundurcas, 1 746, April 1 2. — * To our joy the Highland 
rabble on the approach of the Duke and King's army fled in great confusion 
away.' 'The sixteen of Aprile the Duke of Cumberlain gave a totall 
defeat to the Highland rabble at Moor of Culloden. There the English 
army crown'd with victory and triumph.' April 27. — 'Cumberland's 
converts begin now to crowd the meeting.' May 4. — * After sermon the 
session with pleasure and thankfulness to God met without danger.' 
June 26. — * Public Thanksgiving.' The little sympathy the rebellion had 
in this district may be seen from the depositions of some forty or fifty 
witnesses as recorded in * The Plundering of CuUen. House.' 

W. Cramond. 


362. Some Notes ON THE ATTAINTED Jacobites, 1746. — ^The follow- 
ing notes on some of the gentlemen attainted in the Exchequer List of 
1746 may perhaps be found interesting, and may excite some other readers 
of the Scottish Antiquary to come forward with information concerning 
the less-known heroes of the '45. 

Of the more celebrated leaders, such as Lochiel, etc., I have only given 
the names of books where notices of them may be found. 

Francis Steuart. 

John Berwick, gentleman, Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment. 
Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. 

Andrew Blood, gentleman farmer, Officer in the Manchester 
Squadron. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. 

James Bradshaw, merchant, Manchester, Captain first in the Man- 
chester Regiment, and afterwards in the Life Guards under Lord Elcho. 
Executed at Kennington Common, 28th November 1746. 

James Brand, gentleman watchmaker. Executed at Carlisle, i8th 
October 1746. 

Francis Buchanan of Arnpryor, late of Callander, called * chief of the 
family of Buchanan.' Executed at Carlisle, i8th October 1746. See 
Chambers's Rebellion, His two brothers, Patrick and Thomas, were also 
found guilty, but were not executed. 

Dr. Archibald Cameron. ( See History of the Camerons, by 

Donald Cameron, yr. of Lochiel. j Alexander Mackenzie. 

Ludovic Cameron, of Torcastle, younger son of Sir Ewen Cameron of 
Lochiel, Colonel. He fled, after Culloden, to France, where he obtained 
a gratification of 1000 livres. He married a cousin of his own, named 

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Thomas Chadwick, gentleman. ) ^ rhamhers's 

Thomas Coppoch, clerk. \ ^% ^"ambers s 

James Dawson, student at St. John's, Cambridge. ) ^^'^^'''^«- 

Thomas Theodoras Deacon, gentleman, son of Dr. Thomas Deacon, 
founder of the *True British Catholic Church,' Officer in the Manchester 
Regiment. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. His 
brother Charles was also tried but acquitted ; another brother joined 
the Jacobite Army. 

William Fidler, clerk in the Auditor's Office in the Exchequer of 
Scotland, Officer in Cask's troop of the Perthshire Regiment. He escaped, 
after CuUoden, to France, where he received a pension of 350 livres, but 
he writes in 1759 to Oliphant of Cask asking for help. 

George Fletcher, gentleman, linendraper near Salford Bridge, Captain 
in the Manchester Regiment. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th 
July 1746. 

Charles Gordon of Tarperso. Executed at Carlisle, isth November 

John Gordon, elder of Glenbucket, born about 1672. After Culloden 
he escaped to Norway and thence to France, where he had a pension of 
1200 livres. He had formerly engaged in the rising of 1715. Died in 
June 1750. 

James Graham, yr. of Airth, eldest son of James Graham of Airth, 
Colonel in the Prince's army. After Culloden he escaped to France, and 
died there in the Scots College of Paris. 

George Hamilton of Redhouse, Captain. He was captured at Clifton, 
and executed at York, ist November 1746. 

John Hamilton, Esq., Governor of Carlisle. Executed at Kenning- 
ton Common, 28th November 1746. 

John Hay, portioner of Restalrig, W.S., second son of Alexander Hay 
of Huntingdon, married Anne, daughter and heiress of James Elphinstone 
of Restalrig, he joined the Jacobite party and became treasurer to Prince 
Charles. In 1746 he escaped to the Continent, but ultimately revisited 
Scotland. He died 6th December 1784. 

William Home, nephew to Home of Bassinrig. Executed at York, 28th 
October 1746. 

Alexander and Charles Kinloch, brothers of Sir James of that Ilk, both 
were found guilty but were not executed. They died unmarried. 

Sir James Kinloch of Kinloch, 3rd Bart, joined the army of Prince 
Charles. He was captured after Culloden, tried and condemned to be 
executed, but managed to escape to France, where he remained until a 
pardon was granted. His estates were forfeited but bought back for the 
family by Janet Duff, his wife, sister to the Earl of Fife. He had one son. 

Patrick Lindsay, farmer, Tweeddale, son of John Lindsay of Worme- 
stone, Captain in the Jacobite Highland army. Proclaimed Prince Charles, 
1745, at St. Andrews, captured at Dundee and executed at Brampton, 21st 
October 1746. He married first. Miss Mann; second, Agnes Robertson. 

George Lockhart, yr. of Carnwath, eldest son of George Lockhart of 
Carnwath. He was specially excepted from all the Acts of Amnesty. After 
Culloden he escaped abroad, where he died without issue, 2d February 1761. 

Andrew Lumsden, See Dennistoun's Life of Sir R. Strange, 

Robert Lyon, 'clerk' or Episcopal minister at Perth. Executed at 
Penryth, 28th October 1746. 

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Alexander MacDonald of Keppoch, son of Coll MacDonald of 
Keppoch, educated at Glasgow. Joined Prince Charles at Glenfinnan, 
killed at CuUoden, i6th April 1746. He had married Isabel, daughter of 
Robert Stewart of Appin. 

Donald MacDonald of Clanranald. See Mackenzie's History of the 

Donald MacDonald of Lochgarry,son of John MacDonald of Lochgarry, 
a devoted Jacobite. After CuUoden he fled to France, and his wife, Isabella 
Gordon, barely escaped from the burning of Lochgarry, in the garb of a 
clansman. He died at Paris shortly after hearing of his son petitioning 
for pardon. 

Donald MacDonald, gentleman, grandson of Archibald MacDonald of 
Keppoch. Executed at Kennington Common, 26th August 1746. 

Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoydart, son of Ranald of Kinloch- 
moydart, married Isabel, daughter of Robert Stewart of Appin. Executed 
at Carlisle, i8th October 1746. 

Donald MacDonald of Teirnadreish. He commanded the Keppoch 
regiment for a time and took Fort William, i6th August 1745. Captured 
after CuUoden, he was executed at Carlisle, i8th October 1746. 

Alexander M'Gilivrae of Drumaglash, appointed by Lady Macintosh 
of Moy Colonel of the regiment she raised for Prince Charles. He and 
all his officers except three fell at CuUoden, i6th April 1746. 

John M'Kinnon of M*Kinnon. See Anderson's Scottish Nation^ etc. 

Lachlan M*Lachlan of Castle Lachlan, 15th chief of the clan Lachlan. 
Killed at CuUoden, i6th April 1746; married Mary, daughter of Robert 
Stewart of Appin. 

Alexander M*Leod of Muiravonside, son of Mr. John M*Leod, advocate. 
He was despatched on a mission to Skye to enlist M'Leod of M'Leod 
on the Jacobite side, but was unsuccessful. After CuUoden he 
led a wandering life through the Highlands, but received a pardon nth 
July 1778. He married, 17 10, a daughter of W. Montgomery of Macbeth 
Hill, without issue. He died 30th December 1784. 

Ewen MTherson of Cluny. See Stewart's Sketches of the HighlanderSy 
and Mackenzie's History of the Clan Chattany etc. 

Lawrence Mercer of Lethinely, Officer in Lanerick's troop of the 
Perthshire Regiment. Died in prison before isth November 1746. 

Hon. Robert Nairn, or Mercer, of Aldie, second son of the attainted Lord 
Nairn; married, i6th August 1720, Jean, daughter and heiress of Sir 
Lawrence Mercer of Aldie. He was an officer in the Jacobite army, and 
was killed at CuUoden^ i6th April 1746. 

David Morgan, Esq., Barrister-at-law, of a good Monmouthshire 
family. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. 

Richard Morrison, wigmaker, valet to Prince Charles, made prisoner 
after CuUoden, and condemned to be hanged. He escaped to France, and 
appears afterwards to have been taken into the service of the Chevalier de 
Saint George as valet. 

Sir David Murray of Stanhope, 4th Bart., eldest son of Sir David Murray. 
He was sentenced to death at York, but was pardoned on the condition 
that he left Scotland for life. His estates were sold. He retired to 
France, where he had a pension of 1000 livres, and died in exile. 

Walter Ogilvie, gentleman, Lieutenant in I^ord Lewis Gordon's Regi- 
ment. Executed at Kennington Common, 2 2d August 1746. 

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Laurence Oliphant of Gask. ) See Kingston Oliphant's Jacohik 

Laurence Oliphant, yr., of Gask. f Lairds of Gaik. 

Sir Archibald Primrose (Foulis) of Dunipace, Bart. ; married, first, 
Mary, daughter of John, Earl of Wigton, no issue; second, 1724, Mary, 
daughter of Archibald, Earl of Rosebery. He joined Prince Charles, for 
which he was executed at Carlisle, isth November 1746. His only soo 
died unmarried. A pension of ;^2oo was granted to his daughters. 

Charles Stewart of ArdshieL See Stewart's Stewarts of Appin, 

Francis Townley, of the Burnley family. Colonel of the Manchester 
Regiment He was an officer in the French service (since 1728) and had 
been present at the siege of Philipsburgh. Executed at Kennington 
Common, 30th July 1 746. 

Sir John Wedderburn, Baronet, bom 1704, married Jean, daughter of 
John Fullarton of Fullarton ; joined the Jacobites, and became receiver of 
excise duties and cess for the counties of Perth and Angus, and a volanteer 
in Ogilvy's Regiment. Executed at Kennington Common, 28th November 
1746. His son, John Wedderburn of Ballindean, was also a comet in the 
same regiment, and was present at CuUoden. 

Andrew Wood, gentleman. Captain in Roy Stewart's Regiment, bom 
about 1724. Executed at Kennington Common, 28th November 1746. 

363. Arms of Berwick County Council. — Excerpt of Letters Patent 


-r -'v,,^^''"'^^^ 

from the Lyon King of Arms in favour of the Council of the County of 
Berwick, dated the loth of October 1890; — 

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'Whereas the Council of the County of Berwick have by Petition of 
date the Nineteenth day of September ultimo Prayed that We would 
Grant Our Licence and Authority to them and to their successors in 
office to bear and use on a Seal or otherwise for official purposes con- 
nected with the said County such Ensigns Armorial as might be found 
suitable and according to the Laws. of Arms: Know ye therefore that 
we have devised, and do by these presents Assign, Ratify, and Confirm 
to the said Council of the County of Berwick and to their Successors in 
office, and to the said County of Berwick the following Ensigns Armorial 
as depicted upon the margin hereof, and matriculated of even date with 
these presents in Our Public Register of all Arms and Bearings in 
Scotland, vizt. Argent, on a Mount Vert, a Bear Sable collared and 
chained Or, standing in front of a Tree proper. 

* Matriculated the Tenth day of October 1890. 

* (Signed) J. W. Mitchell. 
' Lyon Clerk.' 

364. Ross Family {continued from vol. v./. 161). — 


2^hjufy 1297. 

Royal Letters No. 3252. 

(Calendar of Scottish Documents n., No. 920 Record Office, London.) 

Printed in Stevenson's Historical Documents^ vol. ii. 

Magnifico principi ac Domino suo pro cunctis Metuendo et Reverendo 
Domino Edwardo Dei gratia Regi Anglie Illustri Domino Hybemie et 
Duci Aquitanie. Hen. . • . permissione Divina Ecclesie Abdonensis 
Minister humilis. Johannes Cumyn Comes de Buchan et comestabularius 
Scocie et Gastenatus filius Comitis de Mar^ salutem. . . . [obsjequii 
Reverencie et honoris. Cum in Moravia et aliis terris quibusdam giacen- 
tibus per Andream fulium {sic) Domini Andree de Moravia et alios quos- 
dam pacis. . . « tumultus jam dudum surrexisset non modicus. Domina- 
cioni vestre patefacimus per presentem quod nos pacem vestram fervide 
volentes dictum tumultum cassare et inde. . . • frenare dictas partes 
cum sufficienti potencia vestra et nostra ultra montes Scocie adivimus et 
ipsas ubique visitavimus et Malefactores quesivimus in Modis ipsis. . . . 
quod Dominus Andreas de Rath vobis cum festinacione clarius declarabit 
et cum venimus ad villam de Inernys. Misimus pro nobilissima comitissa 
de Ros quod. . . • veniret et suum consilium, posse et auxilium nobis 
adhiberet circa pacis custodiam et Regalem Justiciam ordinando et in 
posterum observando et pro bona sua. . . . tinuaret. ut a vobis Militis 
suis exigentibus gratiam et quetes reportaret in futurum. Que nostras 
supplicaciones benignissime admittens et commodum [vestrum consuljens 
et honorem accessit ad nos et curam suam cum nostra apposuit diligentis- 
simam ad omnia ritissime ordinant. Et quia in omnibus temporibus. • . . 
diligens fuit et benevola que vestre excellencie sedem possumus innotescere 

^ Gratney, son of the Earl of Mar, had been thanked by Edward, nth June 1297, 
for queuing disturbances in the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen. He was required to hasten to 
the assistance of William Fitzwnrren, Constable of Urquhart Castle, and in the present 
letter gives an account of his expedition. {Genealogisi^ vol. iv. p. 187.) 

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32 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

nobis humiliter supplicavit ut statum suum curam et diligenciam labores 
peritus. . . . ques vobis declarare curavemus et testimonium veritati per- 
hibere. Ac nos justis suis supplicacionibus inclinati in fide et iidelitate 
quibus vobis [respojndere possumus vel ab aliis suis vicinis maioribus, 
Mediis, et minoribus attrahere seu inquirere ipsam fidelissimam in omni- 
bus commendamus quod probat . . . [elxhibitio (i) cum sit dileccionis 
et affeccionis probacio (2) verissima. Et quia ad dictarum parcium 
borealium Rossie scilicet. Ergadie et insularum custodiam. . . . [Co]- 
mite Rossefi. . . . itas (3) earundem utilem proclamat necessarium et 
dilectum dignetur vestra discretio residenda circa ipsum et paterne vestre 
custo[diam] et securitatem vestram. . . . et honorem aliquid ordinate 
quod vobis ex nunc in expedicionem poterit redundare. Sciturus quod 
si domi stetisset tumultus. . . . nullatenus surrexisse[t]. . . . apud Inernys 
die Mercurii in vigilia Sancti Jacobi Apostoli. Anno Domini M®. CC**. 
Nonagesimo septem. 

[There is another letter from the same three persons on the following 
day, 25 July 1297, in Norman French; but it does not mention the 
countess. — See Stevenson's Historical Documents^ Scotland, 11. ; Baine's 
Catalogue^ 11. 921.] 

(i.) exhibitis Stevenson, 

(2.) prefessio Stevenson, 

(3.) cias Stevenson. 

2$th/uly 1297. 
Royal Letters No. 3258. 

(Calendar of Scottish Documents, No. 922 Record Office, London.) 

Calendared by Mr, Bain ; but not printed, 

Excellentissimo Domino suo pro cunctis Metuendo. diligendo. et 
Reverendo. Domino Edwardo Dei gratia Regi Anglie Illustri Domino 
Hib . . . sui de Hurchard salutem. Reverenciam. obsequium. et 
honorem. Dominacioni vestre patefacio per presentem quod cum literas 
vestras circa lanam et coream . . . Mandatum specialiter. Quidam 
malevoli quod me moti ex hoc accesserunt ad Andream de Moravia apud 
castrum de la Awath in Ross et All . . , scripsit itaque magnificus 
Dominus Reginaldus le Chen,^ ut die Dominica proxima post festam 
assencionis Dominice apud Inernys accendentem simul cum eo et aliis 
.vestra nego . . . redeuntem versus Hurcharde tractatu diei finito. Memo- 
ratus Andreas et dictus Allexander Pilchys cum suis fautoribus contra- 
verunt et ceperunt. et cum eo cefperuntj . . . Loveth xviij equos de 
quibus X. erant sufficientes ad quolibet opus bonum. Die Lune in Cerstino 
idem Andreas cum suo exercitu, et dictus Allexander Pilchys . . . suum 
misit ad me. quod illud malum sic inceptum de woluntate sua nullatenus 
emanavit. Etsi mihi videtur quod castrum defendere non posse ... ad 
opus vestrum contra quoscumque sicut vitam suam propriam. Tunc 
gentes referens Comitisse dixi quod credidi me et castrum satis defendere 
.et peciit Id . . . non intromittens nisi in maius periclum emineret, et 
sic recessit dictus armigerus relictus Andreas de Moravia cum suo exercitu 

^ In 1290 a father and son bearing this name were alive. A third Ranald le Chen, 
grandson of the first, became a great man in Sutherlandshire. One of his daughters 
married Nicolas, brother of William, Earl of Sutherland, and ancestor of Duffus. 

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OTy Northern Notes and Queries. 33 

et buigensibus de Inernys ex parte . . . prospexi de castro et vidi exer- 
citum filii Comitis de Ros. quern Comitissa misit in Mey et castri vestri 
subsidium quod intellexit quod me defendere . . . ab aliquibus aliis cir- 
cumiacentibus in periculum posse eminere. et videns quod pro malo 
venisset dixi quod parvis non. Tunc quidam fatui (?) hoc Risum ad . . . 
arcedo (?) quod Andreas de Moravia et ejus potenciam attemptasset circa 
obsessum amovendo si posset. Audiens tunc Matteus quod recessit. sic 
ex tunc 1 . . . t et obsessum de castro de Hurchard amoveret ; omnino 
et multa bona opera fecit et vidit quod castrum providencia fuerat desti- 
tutum misit . . . posse quod nullum d . . . ustinui. Andreas vero de 
Moravia ex tunc potenciam coUigens et congregans magnum exercitum 
congregavit et custoditus pac . . . festinanter be ... is et tunc de 
nocte interfecit Willelmum Puer, et Riccardum filium meum confidens de 
potencia sua et cedens totum regnum . . . de *interfeccione Domini 
Ala . . . Johannis fratris sui . . . m cum suo exercitu ad castrum de la 
Awath et de Balkeny et . . . silvas ad . . . inde postulat eminere s . . . 
vestrum honorem . . . tas eorundem salvavit et in silvis fuerant inventi 
. . . ut dicta Comitissa nobilissima . . . quod . . . Dominum sancte (?) 
ecclesie (?)... omnis si placet considerare dignemini statum Comitisse et 
per . . . Sciturus in fide et fidelitate quibus vobis teneor pariter et 
hom^gio vobis facio capta de Domino suo securitate ydonea restituendo 
. . . quern filius Comitis de Ros salvavit et supplicat quod Majestati sue 
rogitare (?) dignemini. Datus apud Inernys viij. Kal. AugusTti Anno . . . 

Parliamentary Petition No. 9146 without date, probably soon after 
August 1297. Record Office, London. 

Sereniflimo Principi ac Domino fuo ReverentifTimo Domino Edwardo 
Dei gracia Uluflri Regi Anglie, Domino Ibemye, Duci Aquitanye, fua 
hurailif et devota Eufemia Comitiffa de fal[utem in] falutif auctore 

et fe ad fua precepta et mandata promptam et paratam ac in omnibuf 
obedientem. ReverentifTime Dominacioni veftre in cu fpef mea 

pendit et allevacio anguftiarum mearum omni qua poflum fupplico devo- 
cione et affectione quatinuf Willelmo de Culy e Regno veftro 

oriundo et fpeciali meo fuper hiif que vobif ex parte mea fidem 

adhibe (?) fi placet dignemini indubitatam et ea ad gratum productur 
effectum . . . Preterea (?) que quicquid dictuf W. clericuf (?) meuf ex 

parte mea vobif monflraverit abfqve aliqua difiimulacione pro pofife 
. . . quebo. Valeat excellencia veftra femper in D[omino]. 

Note, — This parchment having been carefully examined * dif W. ctecuf 
meuf/ is now the reading instead of * dnf W. filiuf meuf ; yet ciecuf'is not 
at all distinct, and a hole follows Witto de Culy, or Ouly, where his 
style would have been given ; we can only say most probably Clericus. 
The Countess's title is also lost by a hole, the top of a letter, possibly R, 
being left. The word must be a short one, and the only Scotch Earldom 
which would fit is Ross; over the gap there is an indication of the contrac- 
tion. (Signed) Joseph Bain. 


The Lady Foulis of 1576 was Katherine, daughter of Alex. Ross (16) 
of Balnagown, and 2nd wife of Robert More Munro, Laird of Foulis, by 
whom she had, with other children, a son George ; by his first wife her 

VOL. VI. — NO. XXI. C 

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34 'The Scottish Antiquary : 

husband had two sons, Robert and Hector. She was a widow, and her 
eldest stepson was dead when she and Hector were tried separately, he 
being the pursuer against his stepmother, although he was to appear at 
the bar as a criminal. She was accused of conspiring to get rid of her 
eldest stepson, so that her brother, George Ross, might marry Robert 
Munro's wife, and as a necessary step she attempted to poison George's 
wife. She was assisted by her brother, but he was never prosecuted. 
She engaged various witches, who came to Canorth and made images in 
butter of the young Laird of Foulis, and of the Lady of Balnagown ; they 
shot at them eight times with an elf-arrow without hitting them. On 
another day they set up images of clay, and shot at them twelve times, 
always missing. Lady Foulis and her brother then decided on trying 
poison, which she sent by her nurse, who having tasted it died. At last, 
through a cook, she administered poison to Margery Campbell, her sister- 
in-law, which did not kill her, but brought on an incurable illness. These 
doings were shortly after judicially investigated, when Christian Ross and 
Thomas M'Kean (witch and warlock) were convicted and burnt — Nov. 
1577. Lady Foulis fled to Caithness, but in a few months was taken 
back by her husband. 

In 1589, he having died, his son and successor, Robert, purchased a 
commission for the trial of witches and sorcerors, aiming at his step- 
mother; he died in the same year, how, it does not appear, leaving 
the succession to his brother Hector, who now became the nominal 
prosecutor of his stepmother. The jury who tried her, being composed of 
the dependants of the Foulis family, acquitted her. 

The accusation against Hector was, that in August 1588 he had 
communed with three notorious witches for the recovery of his eldest 
brother, but they assured him that he had been too late in sending for 
them. Hector, falling ill in June 1589, sent for a notorious witch, who 
told him that he would not recover unless the principal man of his blood 
suffered for him. Therefore his half-brother George was chosen, and 
various plans were tried to effect his death. Hector recovered, but 
George fell ill, and died in July 1590, when his mother commenced 
a prosecution against Hector, now the Laird. He was acquitted, the 
jury being composed of his own retainers. 

Katherine, daughter of George Ross of Balnagown, who afterwards 
married Sir William Sinclair of Mey, was much mixed up in the charges 
against Lady Foulis. — Abbreviated from Chambers's Domestic Annals of 
Scotland^ vol. i. p. 203. 

The following notices about this extraordinary trial are printed in vol. 
iv. of the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland : — 

1589. — Complaint of Katherine Ross, relict of Robert Munro of 
Foulis, Margaret Sutherland, spouse of Hector Munro, portioner of 
Kilterne ; Bessie Innes, spouse of Neil Munro in Swardich ; Margaret 
Ros, spouse of John Keith M*Donald Roy in CouU, and Margaret 
Mowatt, as follows : — Mr. Hector Munro, now of Foulis . . . seeks to 
possess himself in any way of the lands of Foulis, and to dispossess her 
thairfra, tried to have her killed by her tenants, and then finding he 
could not succeed by direct or indirect means, upon wrong information 
purchased a commission for trying them for witchcraft. They pray the 
commission may be discharged, as they ' be of veritie they ar honnest 
women . . . spotted at na tyme with ony sic unfi;odlie practi^eis/ 

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or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 35 

Then follows a caution in 10,000 merks by Lauchlan M*Intoshe and 
Mr. Hector Munro of Foulis as principals and their surety that on. 28th 
Oct. next they will prosecute to the utmost Katherine Ross . . . and 
that Mr. Hector is to pay her daily 40s. for her. expenses until she be 

Edinburgh, 5th Nov. — Caution in ;£2ooo by John Campbell of 
Calder for Mr. H. Munro, that he will not harm Katherine Ross, Lady 
Foulis, her tenants or servants. 


Bailie Robert Ross (II2), son of Alexander Ross of Easterfeam (lOJ), 
had by his wife, Jannet, daughter of Alexander Ross of Little Tarrell {vi.)» 
a daughter Janet, married to John M*Kenzie, described in a bond of pro- 
vision from his father for ;^iooo, dated 29th April 17 13, as 'shipmaster 
in Cromarty, third son of Mr. Bernard M'Kenzie of Sandilands/ (Sasine 
on it 17th November 1736.) On 13th June 17 10, he being then styled 
'shipmaster,' disponed of 'three aikers of land in the field called Goose- 
dales,' • . . near the town of Cromarty, to William Ross, merchant in Tain. 
(Sasine 8th January 1725.) In the Cromarty Registers the baptisms of 
their children are not entered, the only notice about his family being 
— 1723, June 4th, John M'Kenzie, couper in Cromartie, and Margaret 
Ross, servant-maid to John M'Kenzie, shipmaster in Cromartie, gave up 
their names. George M'Kenzie (the shipmaster's elder brother) is 

Under Clan Vorichy, in Dr. George Mackenzie's MS. History, written 
circa 1720,^ it appears that the family of Sandilands was descended from 
Murdoch Riach M'Kenzie, a natural son of Kenneth, fourth baron of 
Kintail. He was slain in an incursion he made into Caithness. There 
are many people descended from him both in Sutherland and Ross, called 
by the Highlanders Clan Vorichy. 

I. Among these descendants was Colonel Daniel M'Kenzie, who 
served for some time under Colin, Earl of Seaforth, and afterwards in 
Muscovy and Flanders, where he became Colonel of a Regiment of Foot. 
He is said to have married a relative of the House of Nassau. ^ In his 
old age he revisited Scotland, and, as a gift to Earl Colin, brought with 
him • the golden bed,' so called from ' the golden trappings and embroi- 
deries of gold and quiltings that were put on a sea-green velvet belonging 
to it.' Earl Colin dying before his arrival, he gave the bed to Earl George. 
A few years ago, on the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to 
Brahan, the golden bed was in the state room. 

Colonel Daniel returned to Flanders, where he died, leaving six sons. 
Of five of them nothing is known. One son. Captain Bernard, accom- 
panied him to Scotland, and, taking service under Earl George, was Major 
at the battle of Auldearn, where he fell 9th May 1645. He married Mrs. 
Ramsay, a Dutch woman of Scottish parentage, by whom he had, 

2. Daniel. (See beiaw.) 

3. George, M.D., Inverness, who d. j./. 1678, having married 

Janet Robertson in Inverness. 

* From a copy in the possession of Sir James D. M'Kenzie, Bart. 

' Dr. M'Kenzie styles her * daughter of Jan Wolford, Count of Brediod, Governor 

of Budloch in Flanders, ' 

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36 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

4. William, merchant in Donegal, murdered there 1643. 

2. Daniel M'Kenzie married Nance Dunbar of Avoch, by whom he 

5. Bernard. (See below,) 

1.1 Elizabeth, married Alexander Ross, merchant. 
2." Jean, married Donald Williamson in Cromarty. P. 
J.J Magdalen. 

5. Bernard M*Kenzie was sent to the College of Aberdeen by Kenneth, 
Earl of Sedbrth, and was by him presented to the school of Fortrose. At 
the age of twenty-one he was ordained by the Bishop of Ross, and became 
episcopal minister of Cromarty; he was deprived 25th April 1690, then 
intruded at Tranent and Kelso, and was ordered to remove in 1695. Dr. 
M'Kenzie states that he obtained from King William a yearly pension of 
;^5o to collect the rents of the bishoprick of Ross, in his application 
setting forth his descent from the House of Nassau, and that the pension 
was continued to him by Queen Anne. After a careful search in the 
Record Office, London, no trace has been found either of his application 
or of his pension. Hugh Miller {Scenes and Legends of the North of Scot- 
land) states that he was * a quiet, timid sort of man, with little -force of 
character, but, what served his turn equally well, a good deal of cunning/ 
He purchased the estate of Sandilands, and dying there 30th July 17 13, 
was buried at Fortrose. He married Jean, daughter of Alexander Clunes 
of Dunskeath, by whom he had, 

6. Alexander. (See below). 

7. George, *in Cromarty' married Margaret, daughter to 

Alexander Ross of Little Tarrell (vL) (Cromarty Itegisiers, 
2oth November 17 14), and died s.p, 

8. John. (See/<?j/.) 

I.] Lilias, married John Forrester of Culnauld. Sasine 1714. 
2.' Christian, married Andrew Bayne in Cromarty. 
3.] Anna, baptized 23d November 1683 {Cromarty Registers). 

6. Alexander M*Kenzie, M.D., of Sandilands and Kinnoch, an estate 
which he purchased (Sasine xoth July 17 10). Born in 1678, he studied at 
Aberdeen, and was for some time surgeon-major in the Duke of Argyle's 
regiment in Flanders, who sent him to study at Leyden. He finally 
settled at Fortrose. He died 26th September 1722, having married, 
contract dated at Fortrose, 14th May 1707, Anne, daughter of Alexander 
M'Kenzie of Belmaduthy, by whom he had 

9. Bernard. (See below.) 

[i.] Katherine, eldest daughter, and spouse to Alexander 

Baillie, Writer, Inverness. (Sasine 17th November 1736.) 

[2.] Anna. 

9. Bernard M'Kenzie, * only son and heir of deceased Dr. Alexander.' 

(Sasine 22d June 1732.) * Of Kinnoch.' (Sasine 17th November 1736.) 

He married Margaret, daughter of David Ross of Kindeace (43), and had 

10. , a son, who died s,p. 

[i.] Isabella, who married Smith of the Fortrose Academy, 

and had a son Colonel William Smith, E.I.C.S., who 

died in India — March 1836. 

8. To return to John M'Kenzie, third son of Mr. Bernard. Dr. M*Kenzie 

states that *he is at sea for his further improvement.' Born probably 

about 1681. At his death he left his widow, Janet Ross, in poor circum- 

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[I.] Je 

or. Northern Notes and Queries. 2>1 

stances. In 1745 she was living in Billiter Lane, London, with seven 
children, who were all living in 1759, one of thera a son, aged then about 
twenty-four, who was anxious to serve in the array. 
Of thedaughters, 

Jean, probably the eldest. (See below.) 
Margaret, 'daughter of deceased John M*Kenzie, ship- 
master, Cromarty,' inherited property from her uncle, 
George M'Kenzie of Moorfields. (Sasine 3d August 

[3] Justina,^ born circa 1734, married Henry Davidson, 

first of Tulloch, an estate he purchased in 1762 for 
;£ 1 0,200, at a judicial sale, from the old family of Bayne 
of Tulloch, his relatives through his mother, Jean Bayne. 
Being anxious to save it from passing to strangers, he 
not only paid a long price, but afterwards behaved most 
generously to the old family, as is proved by the pro- 
visions made in his Will for various members. His Will 
was proved in London, 27th June 1781, by his brother 
and successor, Duncan Davidson, and his relative Charles 
Graham. He died 7th January 1781, x./., and was buried 
in the Parish Church of Kingston-on-Thames, where the 
Davidson Monument in the Vicar^s Chaptl forms one of 
the chief ornaments of the Church. The will of Justina 
Davidson was proved in London by her husband's nephew, 
Henry Davidson, and her sister Delicia M*Neil, to whom 
she left the residue of her property, and desired to be 
buried by the side of her husband at Kingston. Dying 
16th November 1804, her wish was not fulfilled, for she 
was laid in the Conti tomb at Hampstead. 

[4.] Delicia, born circa 1739, married M'Neil ; she was 

his widow in September 1780, and dying 30th April 1806, 
was also buried in the Conti tomb. She had an only 
child, Jannet, who married, as second wife, her relative, 
Andrew Reid of Lionsdown, co. Herts. She with two of 
her sons, Hugh and Robert, was buried in the Conti tomb. 

[5.] , married M*Kenzie, by whom she had 

two daughters. 

[i.] Jean, married in Edinburgh, sth August 1778 
(Scots Mafr,\ John Fraser of Achnagaim. 
Her grand-daughter, Dora Loraine Fraser, 
married the above Robert Reid, and was also 
buried at Hampstead. 
[2.] Delicia died unmarried. 
The above-named Jean M*Kenzie, daughter of the shipmaster, married 

Robert, son of James White, who went to Tripoli, 7th May 1751, 

with the Hon. Augustus Keppel, in H.M.S. Lyme, as British Agent and 
Consul-General, being the bearer of a present from George 11. to the 
Bashaw. He died there 29th November 1763, the affairs of the Consulate 

^ There is a tradition that the shipmaster had heen enamoured in Italy of a lady 
called Justina. This name can be traced from Justina M'Kenzie to many families in 
Scotland and England. It is a common name at Venice, for the battle of Lepanto was 
fought on Sunday, 7th October 157 1, St. Justina's Day. 

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38 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

being left to the care of his widow (Archives of the Consulate). Ad- 
ministration of his effects was granted to his widow 30th December 1766, 
he being described as late of the parish of St. James, Westminster. He 

Robert, who for a short time was Vice-Consul and Chancellor 
at Tripoli. He died before 1769. 

Jannetta. (See below.) 
Jannetta White, only daughter, bom circa 1 737, having obtained a papal 
dispensation, was married at the Roman Catholic Church at Tripoli, 26th 
April 1756, to Cosimo Michelangelo Conti, Count of the Holy Roman 
Empire, Consul-General at Tripoli, and afterwards at Genoa, for the 
Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was inscribed in the *Libro d'Oro* of 
Leghorn, preserved in the Archives at Florence. Dying at the Baths of 
San Giuliano in Tuscany, 26th March 1788, he was buried at Gello, but 
no trace of his grave remains. The Countess became a Roman Catholic, 
and dying in Florence i8th May 1800 {Register of the Church of St. 
Lorenzo), was buried at the pretty country church of Santa Maria a Novoli, 
but no stone marks her resting-place. On ist January 1770, a bore-brieve 
was issued from the Lyon Office, signed by Thomas Brodie, Leo Dept. 
setting forth the honourable descent of Countess Conti, both on 
her father's and mother's side : a most mendacious document with a 
certain admixture of truth, on the father's side claiming descent from 
White of Bannachie (now White-Melville), on the mother's from the 
Earls of Seaforth. The Countess did not obtain the Arras of White of 
Bannachie, but the following : — Arg. a martlet between three quatrefoils 
sa. ; on the upper part of the shield on a h^ind purple three wheat sheaves 
or. Crest, a spread-eagle. This bore-brievey duly attested, exists in the 
Archives at Florence, and in a splendidly emblazoned parchment, belong- 
ing to a descendant, the water bougets of Ross of Balniel are given 
instead of the lions of the Earls of Ross. Count Conti left, 

1. Giovanni Giuseppe Pasquale. (See below.) 
'i.l Jannetta. (See/^j/.) 

2.^ Elisabetta Carolina. (See/^j/.) 

3.] Maria Caterina Filippa, born at Genoa, nth March 
1767, died unmarried 9th August 1799. 
I. Giovanni, a General, who was created Marchese di Trevignano, 
was born at Genoa, 2d March 1770. He died in Florence, 21st March 
1828, and was buried in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, having 
married, 13th August 1804, Orsola, daughter of the Marchese Pompeo 
Bourbon del Monte ; she died 2d November 1843, ^"^ ^^is buried in the 
cloister of San Lorenzo at Florence, leaving, 

2. Cosimo Maurizio, created Prince of Trevignano by Pope 

Gregory xvi. Bom at Pisa, 6th March 1809, died at 
Albano, j./., 2d July 1855; buried there in the Church 
of the Cappuccini. Having married Adelaide, daughter 
of Prince Tojtnmaso Corsini, she died 4th February 
[i.] Maria Anna Teresa, born at Pisa, 4th May 1812, died 
25th November 1855, having married, 22nd April 1830, 
Giovanni Ginori, who died 6th August 1858, leaving, 

3. Gino. (See below.) 

[i.] Emilia, married Major Ignazio Oppenauer. 

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OTy Northern Notes and Queries. 39 

3. Gino Ginori-Conti, Prince of Trevignano on the death of his uncle, 
bom at Florence, 5th Februaiy 1836, married, 19th November 1862, 
Paolina, daughter of Count Luigi Fabbri, and has, 

4, Piero, bom 3rd June 1865. 

5. Ugo, bom 29th May 1872. 

[i.] Maria Luisa, married July 1890, Giovanni Battista Ridolfi. 
To return to Jannetta Conti, eldest daughter of Count Cosimo, bora 
at Tripoli, 9th February 1759. Brought up by her grandmother, Jean 
M'Kenzie, she died at Hampstead, i8th July 1780, and was buried near 
the parish church. On a massive tomb, erected to her memory, are cut 
on separate shields the Arms of Conti and White, surmounted by a 
Count's coronet ; on the right of the shields is an inscription setting forth 
her descent, on the left her virtues and accomplishments. 

Some years ago, during a storm, a large tree fell upon the tomb, and 
the heavy slabs being thrown to the ground, the vault with the coffins was 
left exposed; so it remained for some time, until the churchwardens 
covered it over. A builder, feeling sure that some day the owners would 
be found, collected the stones, and placed them in the crypt of the parish 
church. The tomb has lately been replaced. 

Elisabetta Carolina Conti, second daughter of Count Cosimo, born at 
Tripoli 27th August 1760, and dying at Florence in the Palazzo Buonar- 
roti, i2th August 1827, was buried in the cloister of Santa Croce.^ She 

married 1782, Filippo, eldest son of Leonardo Buonarroti, and 

had, with two daughters, who died unmarried, 

I. Leonardo Cosimo, bora at Bastia in Corsica, nth Novem- 
ber 1790, and died s,p. 12th February 1858, having 
married, 14th Febraary 1846, Rosina Vendramin, a 
Venetian, widow of Thomas Grant; she died i6th June 
1856. Leonardo Cosimo was the last of the direct 
collateral line of Michelangelo Buonarroti, and left by 
Will the Palazzo and all its contents to the Munici- 
pality of Florence. They were both buried at their 
Villa at Settignano, and after a time the tomb of 
Michelangelo in Santa Croce was opened to receive 
Leonardo Cosimo and his wife.* In the Registers of 

* Inscription on the tomb : — 

Qui h sepolta e in Dio riposa 
Da continui gravissimi a£fanni " 

Elisa^tta Buonarroti 
Nata Contessa Conti 
Che pei figli ai quali fu padre e madre 
£ pel vacillante decoro della famiglia 
Fece e pati piii che altra mai. 
Visse anni Lxxvii mori il xii Agosto MDCCCXXXii. 

O madre rarissima e sfprtunata 
Ricevi in questo marmo bagnato di pianto 
L'ultimo doloroso addio 
Del figlio inconsolabile 

Cosimo Buonarroti 
Che tanto riamata tu amasti. 

^ Rosina was daughter of Giovanni Vendramin of Venice, and of Lucia Diaz Faria, 
a Portuguese, and was bom in London 22nd August 1814. She was a good linguist, 
musician, and artist. Touching by chance a spring in the wainscot of one of the rooms 
in the Buonarroti Palace, she discovered the entrance to a closet, in which were several 
of the great sculptor's models, and among them that of 'David.' 

Digitized by 


40 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the Duomo is preserved an account of the opening of 
the tomb. It is stated that the only bodies of the 
Buonarroti family which could be identified were 
those of the Senator Filippo and of his father Leon- 
ardo, who died in 1684. All the other coffins had 
crumbled away. 

[i.] Faustina Buonarroti, bom 17th September 1785, married, 
as second wife, Domenico Sturbini of Pescia \ she died 
4th February i860, and was buried at San Miniate. 
P. She wrote a volume of poems, published by Le 
Monnier, 1857 ; one of the best is in memory of her 
grandmother, Jannetta White. 

[2.] Antonia Buonarroti, born 5th April 1787, married 
1803, Count Giovanni del Testa of Pisa. P. 

The career of Filippo Buonarroti was most extraordinary. Born nth 
November 1761, created Knight of the Order of San Stefano, in 1778 he 
was appointed page to the Grand Duke Peter Leopold. He became 
imbued with republican doctrines, and, plotting against the government, 
was denounced by his father. His life was spared ; he was exiled, and went 
to Corsica, where he founded a newspaper JJAmico delta Libert^ Itatiana. 
In 1792 he abandoned his wife and five children, leaving them in penury, 
and went to Paris, where he played a leading part in the * Terror,* and 
took to himself another wife under the Tree of Liberty. His family 
removed to Pisa, and lived there with the Countess ContL After the 
massacres of 1793 he was commissary of the republic in Corsica, then at 
Lyons, but from both places he was expelled by the population for his 
cruelties. When Robespierre fell, he was agent with the army in Italy, 
was arrested and imprisoned, but the amnesty granted by the Directory 
set him free. In Paris he became president of the Society of the 
Pantheon, and in 1796 conspired with Babeuf against the Directory, 
Condemned to death, his sentence was commuted to imprisonment for 
life at Cherbourg, where he was when Bonaparte became First Consul, by 
whom he was banished to the Isle of Ol^ron. At length he was pardoned 
on condition of his leaving France. He settled in Switzerland, and was 
concerned in all the plots against Napoleon and the Bourbons. In his 
old age, when no longer to be feared, Louis Philippe allowed him to 
return to Paris, where he ended his days in a hospital in 1839. 

(Life of Michelangelo Buonarroti^ by Aurelio Gotti, 1875. History of 
Babeuf s Conspiracy^ by Buonarroti, translated by Bronterre, 1836.) 

365. Shoolbred. — This Scottish name is of rare occurrence, and any 
suggestions as to its etymology would be interesting. In the county of Fife, 
where alone it is met with in old documents, it is both a place name and 
a family name. The only reference to it as a place name that I have met 
with is in the * Inquis. Retorn. Co. Fife ' — 

(193) Maii 3, 1608. 

Magister Walterus Mawer, hceres Walteri Mawer de Mawerstoun, 
patris^ in villa et terris de Kilquhiss wester, quorum terrae, vulgo vocatae 
lie Schulbraidis de Kilquhiss, sunt partes in senecallater de Fyiff. £.81 

iv. 173. 

(1067) Sep. 20 1669. 

Jacobus Lindsay, hceres Jacobus Lindsay de Kilwhish, patris, in 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 4 1 

villa et terra de Wester Kilwhish, quorum pendiculum et portio terrae 
vulgo nuncupata lie Showbraids de Kilwhish existit pars et portio, infra 
dominum de Fiff. — E. 8 \, feudiferme. xxix. 287. 

In the same work I find. Co. Fife — 
1661. Dec. 12. Thomas Schoolbraids, portioner of Auchtermuchty, 
heir to his grandfather, Thomas Schoolbraids. 

1663. June II. Walter Schoolbraidis, portioner *de Hill de Auchter- 

muchtie,* heir to his uncle, Robert Schoolbraid. 

1664. June 23. Margaret Scholbreads, heir to her father, Allan Schol- 

breads, portioner of Auchtermuchty. 

1664. June 23. Alexander Guidell, heir of his mother, Ephania Schol- 

1685. July 16. Elizabeth Shoolbraid, heir to her father, Thomas Shool- 
braid, portioner of Auchtermuchty. 

' From the middle of the 17 th century to the present time the family 
can be traced. But. information as to its earlier history will be acceptable. 

A. W. C. H. 

366. Drumalbyn. — A farm and burn not far south of Lanark bear 
this name. The local pronunciation seems to be Drumahbin. The 
occurrence of this word in the middle of the Lowlands may be worthy of 
note. W. M. C. 

367. Stewart (see V0|1. v. pp. i, 77). — As a continuation to the 
remarks of * 2 ' the following notes on the Pedigree of Stewart of Ladywell 
may be given — 

I. James Stewart, ist of Ladywell (2nd son of James Stewart in Fin- 
castle by his wife Margaret Garwood, and brother of James Stewart of 
Fincastle), was Commissary of Dunkeld. He had issue — 

1. Thomas, who succeeded. 

2. John, who seems to have succeeded his brother. 

3. Sir Gilbert Stewart of Poliak, knight. Commissary of Dunkeld, and 

Sheriff of Perth, left at least one son — 

Charles Stewart of Rotmell, also Commissary of Dunkeld, 

married and had issue — 

(i) Patrick Stewart, served heir to his father, 30th June 

(2) Charles, called in Duncan Stewarts History a 

* seaman.' 

(3) Helen, married (i) Alexander Stewart of Fondeyuet, 

(2) Charles Stewart of Inchgarth. 

(4) Amelia, baptized at Dunkeld, nth October 1687. 

4. William, to whom Sir Gilbert of Poliak is served heir, 1650. 

5. Dorothy, married John Stewart of Bonskield. 

6. Jean, first wife of Neill Stewart of Fors. 

7. Isobell, married (i) John Stewart of Fungorth, (2) 5th Feb. 1670, 
John Blair of Ardblair. 

8. daughter, married John Stewart of Killichassie. 

IL Thomas Stewart of Ladywell (omitted by Duncan Stewart) suc- 
ceeded his father. His brother. Sir Gilbert, is retoured heir to him in 1650. 

HI. John Stewart of Ladywell, seems to have succeeded his brother ; 
he was Commissary of Dunkeld, and was beheaded at Edinburgh in 1641. 

Digitized by 




The Scottish Antiquary ; 

He married Isobell Mitchell, who remarried Alexander Neightone * some- 
tyme in Balegain ; ' issue a son, Thomas. 

IV. Thomas Stewart of Ladywell, only son of the preceding, died 
before 1693. He seems to have been twice married ; by the first wife he had 

I. John, his successor. 
He married (see Malcolm's House of Drummond)y secondly, Jean, daughter 
of David Drummond of Invermay, widow of Mr. William Oliphant, and had 
a daughter, 

2. Amelie. 

V. John Stewart of Ladywell, Commissary of Dunkeld, succeeded his 
father, to whom he is served heir 14th July 1693. He married Helen, 
daughter of William Lindsay of Kilspindie by Margaret, daughter of Mr. 
William Bethun, brother to David Bethun of Creich (she is served heir- 
portioner to her maternal grandfather in 1699). They left no issue. 


368. A Primitive Candlestick.— 
The subscriber has got in his posses- 
sion an interesting memento of the 
*good old times.' While ransacking 
his house, a farmer (living near Doune) 
found amongst the rafters a curious and 
ingenious holder for a candle or dip. 
It is made exactly on the principle of a 
ship's top-mast. It consists of two 
standards or pillars of wood, and is 
fitted with a cap. This cap works like 
a swivel, and allows the top standard, 
which is furnished with eight rests, to 
slide up or down, thus enabling the 
light to be lowered or heightened at 
pleasure. When raised to its full ex- 
tent it measures 34 inches, and when 
lowered 22 inches. 

The age of this candlestick can 
only be conjectural, but to judge from 
its time-worn appearance two hundred 
years will be near the mark. 

W. B. Bruce. 

369. Sir Charles Bailly.— Cor- 
nelius van Grestel, in his Historta sacra 
et prof ana Archiepiscopatus Mechliniensis 
(vol. ii. p. 83) in his description of La 
Hulpe, a village a few miles south- 
east of Brussels, writes : — 

In hac Parochiale visitur sepulchrale 
monumentum Carolide Bailly^ quondam 
^tQX^\2X\\ Maria Stuarta^ Reginse Scoti* 
--_ .... cujus est haec Inscriptio. 

Cy gift Sr. Charles Bailly en son vivant de la Chambre se \ critaire de 
la Reyne d*Escosse decapitke en Angleterre pour la \ foy Catholique^ depuis 

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ory Northern Notes and Qturies. 43 

Commissaire de vvores du camp de \ sa majestk qui trespassa a Page de 84 
ans^ /(f 27 Deambre \ 1624. | . 

Et Damoisdle Democrite Swerts, sa femme que trespassa a Ta \ ge de 
92 ansj le 3 jour de Mars 1633, lesquels ont etk par \ manage 50 arts par 
ensemdlesy priez Dieu pour ieurs ames \ 

Respice finem 
Bailly^ LabUn^ Perotte, Rollin^ 
SwertSy Appleterre^ Dongodt^ Pervys, 

370. Scots in Sweden (vol. v. p. 75). — The second volume of * the 
Miscellany printed by the Spottiswoode Society contains (page 383) * A 
list of the Scottish officers under Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden.* 

371. Rose MSS. — Inventory of mss. collected by Mr. IV. Rose^ but now 
amissing {continued Jrom vol v.,/. 177). 

90. Note of all the Templars and Temple lands in Aberdeenshire. 

91. Particular notes from the record of the family of Innes — of 
Balvenie, Orton, Denool, Coxton, Drainy, Blackhills, Edingeath, etc. 

92. MS. of the Wemyss family connected with Macduff, in two parts. 

93. Copy Charter of erection of the barony of Glendouachy, Auch- 
medden, etc., to John, Earl of Buchan, with a Charter of erection of the 
town of Down (now burgh Macduff) into a free burgh with certain 
priviledges, dated 1528. 

94. Principal Commission, Charles, Prince of Wales, Regent, to Sir 
Wm. Gordon of Park to be Lieut Col. in a regiment of horse commanded 
by Lord Pitsligo, dated at Holyrood House i8th October 1745, super- 
scribed and his seal appended. 

95. A copperplate Charter of Malcolm, King of Scotland, a.d. 1066, 
to Ronald, Earl of Caithness, of that Earldom, for defending the King from 
Macbeth, in Latin. 

96. Receipt signed by Mr. Robt. Gordon, brother of John Gordon, of 
Pitberg, to George, Earl of Marischal, for a principal bounding evident of 
the lands of Fachill, mortified to the Abbacy of Deir, made by Wm. 
Gumming, Earl of Buchan, and to be transumed in order to settle the 
adjacent lands of Logie, and obliging himself to deliver the same ; the seal 
of the Earl is declared to be appended. Receipt dated 5th June 161 1. 

97. Charter and donation by Marjory, Countess of Athole, Lady 
Strathalva, of the lands of Alva, to the Abbacy of Coupar, with a confirma- 
tion by Thomas, Earl of Marr, and Lord of Alva, and of a gift given by 
David of Strathbogie, 1314 ; very curious. 

98. Copy, King David Bruce to Wm. Abernethie of Salton of the 
barony of Rothiemay, dated at Elgin 1346, upon the forfeiture of David de 

99. Copy Charter in favours of the town of Cullen, mentioning King 
Robert Brace's Charter to that town. 

100. A curious letter from Lord Lovat to Duncan Forbes of Culloden, 
President of the Court of Session, 20th December 1745, concerning his 
concern in that Rebellion. 

loi. A bundle of curious and valuable retours of very ancient date of 

Digitized by 


44 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the Hays, etc., being retours of the lands of Westfield, Fochaber, 
Aultohash, Moynes, etc., with the seals of the jury. 

1 02. A parcel of church procedure, form of worship, covenant and 
miracles, 1634, and an inventory concerning the estate of Gallashields and 
Dunbar, 1650. 

103. A parcel of very old papers relating to the Dunbars, Calders, Hays, 
Sinclair, Sutherland, Chisholms, Gumming, Crauford, Innes, etc., 1367. 

104. Curious old papers, with seals appended, relative to Earl Hundy's 
house in Elgin, which of old pertained to the Earl of Murray, called the 
Little E^l, lying near the Little Close, and afterwards pertaining to the 
said Earl Huntly, retoured 1636. 

105. Papers anent the Temple Lands of Longbride and inquest there- 
anent in favours of the Dumbrecks, 1509. 

106. Papers relating to the Canons of the Cathedral Kirk of Murray, 
and particularly of the Pans of Elgin. 

107. Papers regarding the Leslies of Leslie, 1426, and Temple Lands 
of Leslie, with seals added thereto, and valuation of teinds of Kinnethmont 

108. Papers relating to Gellie in Fordyce, who were merchants in 
Poland, 1653. 

109. A Charter granted by John Spence and the rest of the members 
of the monastery of Maisondieu, 1552. 

no. Charter of the lands of Little ToUan or Tollanrule, 156a 

111. MS. concerning Thanes in Scotland 

112. Old Charters of the Lord of the Isles and of Aberchirder, 1426 
and 1438. 

113. King David's Charter to Hugo de Ross and Leslie. Item, King 
Robert Bruce's Charter of the lands of Carnousie to Alex. Meldrum, and 
Sibilla, daughter of Simon the Thane of Aberchirder, with seal appended, 
1326. Item, Charter by King David of Scots, anno 1347, dated at Elgin, 
with seal appended, of Rothiemay upon the forfeiture of Cummyn of 
Strathbogie ; very curious. 

114. Papers about Mortlick and stipend. 

115. Charter of confirmation, with great seal appended, ot the lands 
of Aberchirder of grants 1426 and 1438. Item, the decree-arbitral of the 
marches of Yochrie, 1493. Item, copy thereanent Charter, with a seal in 
perfect preservation, of Barmuckity, 1459, in favours of Alex. Dunbar. 
Item, Charter of James v., with seal entire. 

116. Walter Leslie of Kininvies, Charter to Robert Ixslie, son of 
Walter, from the Earl and Countess of Athol, with their seals appended, 


117. Curious rentals of the parish of Aberchirder, agreement and 
sales of the lands of Auchentoul and Cromby, inventories of the rights and 
decrees disjoining Carnousie from Mamoch to Forglen, and the special 
account of the stipends and vicarage of each. 

118. History of the Earldom of Mar. 

1 1 9. A parcel relative to Sinclairs of Caithness and the old settlements 
in Queen Mary's time. 

1 20. History of Dunkinty, Kilmallemock and old extent. 

121. Memorial and case relative to the peerage of Ross, old almanacs 
and newspapers of Edinburgh and Aberdeen, 1678 and 1688. 

122. Contract with Innes and Innermarkie and their clan in 1587 
wherein Edingeath cannot write. 

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or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 45 

123. Original Charter of Innes by the Earl of Huntly to Innes and 
Janet Gordon his daughter of the lands of Forest of Boyne, with seal 
appended, 1469. 

124. Some papers of the Barony of Duffus, copy of disposition of 
Ardgay, 17471 with Lord Dufi\is's sasine of Ardgay, 1653. 

125. Abbot and Convent of Aberbrothick — Charter subscribed by all 
the Convent, 1525, to Salton of Bogfachell in Tarves. Assedation by 
ihem to Salton, 1527, of the teinds of Aberchirder and Inverboyndie and 

126. MS. report of John Sim, W.S. ; his report of the Earldom of Mar 
and progress from early dates^ from Lord Erskine's copy. 

127. Memorial of secret information given to King James vii. in ms. 
which contains some historical tracts yet unknown to the world. 

128. A MS. book of great size and much writing, containing a history 
of the General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland, with curious trials, 
anecdotes and procedure of censure and disputation of the errors of 
churches in the reigns of Queen Mary and James VI. It contains also a 
us. of curious accounts of historical events in Scotland and of the See 
and ancient Bishops of St Andrews. 

129. Inventory of great length of the papers and grants made by the 
Abbot of Kinloss of the lands of Struthers, Winderlaw Newton, etc., from 
i559» to Dunbars of Newton, Hempriggs, Asleisk, Wester Alves, etc. 

W. Cramqnd. 


CLXVI. Pulpit at Bo'ness. — Can any of your readers give informa- 
tion regarding an ancient carved wooden pulpit which exists, or 
did exist, in the parish church of Bo'ness, Linlithgowshire ? It 
dates from about the middle of the seventeenth century — a 
period when many beautiful pulpits were constructed in Holland, 
from whence it is alleged to have been brought by merchants 
who then traded with that country. Are the names of any of 
these persons known, or are there records which may contain 
reference to the matter ? W. Bennet. 

CLXVII. Bethune Family. — I should be much obliged if any of your 
readers could tell me if the Bethunes of Pitkie, Langermerston, 
Melgund, or Balfarge still exist, and where, also which of the 
different branches of the family descend from the Cardinal ? 

1 should be glad to correspond directly witli any one cognisant 
of and interested in the family. Alfred A. Baker. 

12 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, London. 

CLXVIII. George Bethui?^ of Kingusk — Physician in Cupar-Fife, 
died 1774, sold Kingusk to Sir Robert Anstruther of Balcaskie, 
Bart. I should be glad to know who his wife was (she survived 

Digitized by 


46 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

him), and what family they had. He was, I believe, second son 
of John Bethune of Blebo. Alfred A. Baker. 

CLXIX. Dunbar Family. — ^To what family of Dunbar did the Right 
Rev. William Dunbar belong, who was first Bishop of Moray, 
and died Bishop of Aberdeen ? He lived in Peterhead. Where 
did he die ? and where interred ? * Sigma.' 

CLXX. Rutherford Family. — The late Mr. James Maidment, the 
well-known advocate and antiquary, had in his possession 
printed papers relating to most of the name of Rutherford in 
the south of Scotland during the earlier part of last century. 
Will any contributor be good enough to inform me in whose 
possession these papers now are, or where they are to be found ? 

James R. Brown. 
Arthur Lodge, Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh. 

CLXXI. Linlithgow. — ^The name by which this town is known in the 
Highlands is GUanneidhean ; pronunciation of the second term 
dh is silent. The name signifies Glen Ivy. Is there anything 
about Linlithgow to make the name appropriate ? J. C. 

CLXXII. Hannan Family. — Is this not very common surname of 
foreign origin ? It is said that there was a family or families of 
the name in or about North Berwick in the end of the last 
century. Any information would be of interest. 


CLXXIIL Stewart of Auldhame. — Can any readers of the Scottish 
Antiquary give any information about George Stewart (or Stuart) 
of Oldham or Auldhame, who was living in April 1677? ^is 
property is in different places designated by these two varying 
methods of spelling. 

A. F. S. 

CLXXI V. Early Scottish Weavers. — * On the descent thither (/>. to 
Leith from Edinburgh) is a small village, very prosperous, in- 
habited by weavers of wool — which gives its name to the best 
cloths in Scotland/ — Major, c, 1521. What was the name of the 
village — Picardy ? What is the name of the cloth ? When did 
Picardy weavers first come there — before 1521 ? 

T. G. L. 


CXXI. * Margaret, fifth daughter of Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, married 
first to John Trotter of Charterhall, secondly to John Murray 
of Philiphaugh, and had issue . . .' [This and marriages of 
Scot's other daughters] * are documented from the writs of the 
family/ — Douglas' Baronage^ p. 223. 

Digitized by 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 47 

George [not John ut supra] Trotter of Chesterhall got a 
charter, i June 1662, *Georgio Trotter de Charterhall, et 
Margaretae.Scot ejus sponsae.' 

He died without male issue. — Baronage^ p. 206. 

Sir John Murray of Philiphaugh married, secondly, Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, widow of John {sic) 
Trotter of Charterhall, by whom he had only one daughter, 
Jean, who died young. 

Sir John died 1676, and was succeeded by his eldest son 
[by first wife]. — Baronage^ p. 104. 

(6915) June 23, 1688. 

Domina Margareta Scott, Domina Philiphauch, hseres tallise 
et provisionis Jeannae Murray, filiae. xl. 2 1 6, Inquis, Gener, 

Nov. 8, 1677. 
Jacobus Murray de Philiphauch, hceres masculus Joannis 

Murray de Philiphaugh patris xxxiii. 293. Inquis. 

Special Selkirk.— Ed. 

CL.III. Latch. — There are two places in the parish of Ceres, Fifeshire, 
called East and West Latch. The name is Gaelic, the correct 
spelling of which is Lathach \ in pronunciation th is silent, and 
the word signifies a mire. 

Lykerstanes. — The earhest notice that we have of these is in 
the Register of the Priory of St. Andrews^ in the perambulation of 
the boundaries of the lands of Kirkness, Kinross-shire, a.d. 1054. 
They are there described as, * unum aceruum lapidem qui dicitur 
in vulgaris lykirstyne.' There is a park on that estate still known 
as the Lykerstane Park. 

There were two Lickerstanes, pillar-shaped, in the parish of 
Abdie, about three feet high, at a junction of roads near the 
churchyard They were removed in the early part of this 
century, though no obstruction. There were also Licker- 
stanes in the following parishes in Fife. At Falkland, if I 
mistake not, there is one which is yet to be seen built into a 
wall, which, in ignorance of its origin and use, is ignominiously 
• known as the Liquorstane. There is a notice of Lickerstanes in 
the parish of Pittenweem (see Fife Retours, No. 508) ; also in 
the parish of Kettle (see old Statistical Account) , and in the 
parishes of Scoonie and Login, Fifeshire, as I have learned from 
residents, but whether the stones are extant or not I am not able 
to state. That there were Lickerstanes in the parish of Dun- 
fermline is testified by the fact that there is a farm in it known 
as Leckerstone, In the parish of Abernethy, Perthshire, they are 
still extant on the side of the road leading towards the river 
Earn, not far from the churchyard. They are very inconspicu- 
ous ; but those interested in relics of the past in Abernethy 
have been warned to see to their preservation. And in a parish 
so rich in antiquities as Abernethy (and of which they are 
deservedly proud) there is every reason to believe that they 

Digitized by 


48 The Scottish Antiquary. 

will be protected. Were the Retours and other published records 
examined, there can be little doubt that there were Lickerstanes 
in very many parishes in Scotland. The name is pure Anglo- 
Saxon. Lie signifies a corpse, and there can be no doubt that 
on these stones the corpse was laid, and there the funeral 
service began and continued all the way to the churchyard. 
They are the equivalents of the Lichgates so common in England, 
where the minister meets the funeral procession and begins the 
burial service. Alex. Laing, F.S.A. Scot. 


Some Old Families^ by H. B. M*Call. Privately printed for presentation. 
Everything about this book is satisfactory: the thought that led to its 
production — the seeking for rest, not in inactivity, but in change of work, 
and in this way acquiring and recording genealogical facts that would else 
have been lost. Mr. M'Call has written an account of eleven Scottish 
families, and his work shows that he is a genealogist who understands the 
value of honest work. The matter he has collected is so varied and interest- 
ing, that we intend on a future occasion to return to the consideration of 
it The illustrations are numerous and artistic, and the thick quarto volume 
will be highly prized by the fortunate possessors. Copies will be found in 
the Advocates' Library, and the Libraries of Edinburgh University, the 
Royal Society, and the Society of Antiquaries, and the British Museum. 
Only IOC copies have been printed. 

Monumental Brasses^ by E. M. Beloe, junr.. King's Lynn. A series of 
twenty-five photo-lithographs. Our readers may be aware that monumental 
. brasses were largely employed in England from the fourteenth to the seven- 
teenth century, and that many hundreds have escaped the zeal of the fanatic 
iconoclast, the greed of the eighteenth-century church repairer, and the 
vandalism of the nineteenth-century church restorer (?). Before the Reforma- 
tion some fine examples existed in Scotland, as slabs with matrices at St. 
Andrews, Dunblane, Glasgow, Cambuskenneth, and elsewhere bear witness. 
Some modern brasses, however, show that the qualities of this sort of monu- 
ment are appreciated. We advise all in any way interested to proture Mr. 
Beloe's work at once, as only a few copies have been printed, and the 
price (los. 3d.) is exceedingly moderate. He has selected his specimens 
from Norfolk, a county very rich in handsome brasses. In some cases, 
where brasses have been lost or destroyed, he has given photo-litho- 
graphs of copies taken many years ago by the late Craven Ord, Esq., 
and now preserved in the British Museum. The presence of these adds 
considerably to the value of the collection. All the plates are beautifully 
executed, and the work is sure to increase in value. The work is advertised 
on the third page of the cover of this number. 

Replies to Queries are earnestly requested, — Ep, 

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Vol. L 

1. (Dec 1886) Maniag^es, 1558- 1626 ; Baptisms, 1558-1585. 

2. (March 1887) Baptisms, X585-162Z. 

3. (June 1887) Baptisms, 1621-1628 ; Burials, 1558- 1605. 

4. (Sept. Z887) Burials, 1603-1628 ; Marriages, 1628-1631. 

5. (Dec 1887) Marriages, 1631-1736. 

6. (March 1888) Marriages, 1736- 1753. 

Vol. IL 

6. {Cont,) Burials, 1628-1644. 

7. (June 1888) Burials, 1644-1663, and Index, Ab-Bar. 

8. (Sept 1888) Burials, 1663-1686, and Index, Bar-Bur. 

9. (Dec. 1888) Burials, 1686-1697, and Index, Bur-Gam. 
xo. (March 1889) Burials, 1697-1710, and Index, Gam-Jen. 
iz. (June 1889) Burials, Z710-Z7Z6, and Index, Jen-Swo. 

Z2. (Sept 1889) Burials, Z7x6^- 1726, and Index, SwoZul, and Addenda. 

13. (Dec. Z889) Burials, 1726-1749. 

Z4. (April Z890) Burials Z749-Z752, and Index to Vol. II., A-Bu. 

IS (July 1890) Index to Vol. II., Bwe-Gra. 

Vol. IIL 
Z5. [Cont,) Biq>tisms, Z628-Z637. 
x6. (Oct Z890) Baptisms, 1637- 1667. 

17. (Jan. Z89Z) Baptisms, z6(^x684. 

18. (April Z891) Baptisms, Z684-Z686, and Index to Vol. II., Gra-Lau. 

IV. Will be issued shortly, 


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Digitized by 


The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 




372. Erskine of Dun 49 

373. Burgh Seal of Dundee, . '53 

374. Primitive Candlestick, . .53 

375. Arabic Numerals 54 

376. Notes on Attainted Jacobites, . 54 

377. The Brass to the Regent Murray, . 54 

378. Sculptured Monuments of Scotland, 56 

379. Goods belonging to John, Earl of 

Mar 60 

38a The Use of Armorial Bearings, . 61 
381. Enkines of Balgownie and Shiel- 

field, 63 

389. A Doctor's Chamber, 1500, . . 66 

383. Fountainbridge, .... 67 

384. Will of John Mitchell. 1581, . . 67 

385. Registers of Old St. Pauls, Edin- 

burgh, 69 


386. Ross Family, 

. 81 

387. The Historian Wodrow, 

. 86 

388. Knight of the Kirk, 

. 90 

389. Name Givers, 

• 90 

390. English Workmen in Glasgow, 

• 91 


CLXXV. Douglas Family, 

. 93 

CLXXVI. Old Bronze Vessel, . 

. 93 

CLXXVII. Campbells of Cawdor, 

• 93 


CXV. Cunninghar, 

• 93 

CXXIIL Houstouns of Fortrose, . 

• 94 

CLVIII. Old Trade-mark, . 

. 96 

CLIX. A Broken Cross. . 

. 96 

CLXII. Scottish Surnames, 

. 96 

Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors. 

All Communications to be setit to the Editor of^ The Scottish Antiquary^ 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

372. Erskinb of Dun (w/. iv.//. ii6, 183). — ^Three accounts of the 
family of Erskine of Dun have lately been written— («) by ' 2 ' in the Scottish 
Antiquary {vide supra) ; {b) by Mr. A. H. Millar in his Castles and Mansions 
of Scotland] and {c) by Mr. E. E. Scott in his account of the Halcro and 
Erskine Families. These will be referred to below as «., ^., c. All of 
these writers have confessed their inability to give an exact pedigree of the 
family for the period between 1 592-1 660. I propose, however, to do this, 
and in order to construct it in a satisfactory manner, shall make use of 
official documents and papers referred to in the fifth report of the 
Historical MSS. Commission. 

(Continued on page 52.) 

VOL. VI. — NO. XXIf. D 

Digitized by 


Sir Thomas Erskine = Janet Barclay, 

of Erskine. 

Sir Robert Erskine, 
ancestor of the present Earl of Mar. 

eventually heiress of the Earl of Mar. 

i. John = 

ii. Alexander ■ 
alive 1 45 1. 


n. natus. 

o, obiit. 

ff.s.j^. obiit sine prole. 

o.s.p.s. obiit sine prole 

o.s.p.s.m. obiit sine prole 

superstite masculo. 
np. marri^. 

iii. John ■=. Marjory Graham 
. 0, 1504. /3. I (of Fintry), 0, 1508. 

i I 

iv. John Kathbrinb Monypenny, Thomas, 

fell at Flodden, 1513. I 0, 1531. fell at Flodden, 1513. 

V. Sir John = Margaret Ruthven. Sir Thomas = Ann Ogilvy. 
fell at Flodden, 1513. I 7. of Brechin. | 


I I. w. 2. w. I 

vi. John =Elizabeth Lindsay,= Barbara de Beirle, William. Erskines 
- - - 0^ ,^38, I 0, 1572. e. of Pittodrie. 

n. 1508,^. 1589. a. 


John, vii. Robert = Catherine Graham Margaret = Patrick Maule. 

o.v.p,s,p. 1563. 0, 1590. f. , (of Morphie). 17. 

viii. John = Agnes 

0, 1 591. 

Ogilvy. B, 

Thomas = Margaret Samuel Grissel Robert. 

MoNcuR. t. Forrester. 

ix. John == Margaret 
0. 1592. K. Keith. 

David == Jeane Maule. 
0, ante 1603. /£. 

Arthur = Margaret 
V, Maule. f. 

1 I. II I III! 

X. John, xi. John = Magdalen David, Robert, xiii. Sir Alex-^ Henry, 0. x-f 

0. 1603. 0. 1 6 10. 


0-. ander, n, 1600, 

0,C, 1660. T. 

«.f. I60I. 


I I I I 

xii. John, [? Alexander], Sir John = . . . Betoun. xiv. David = , 
0. 1613. T. 0. 1613. T. w. aa. 

Tt, 1644, 0. ante 1655, s.p. 


XV. David = Magdalen 
w. 1670, <7. 1755. /9/9. I Riddell. 

xvi. John = Margaret Inglis, np, 1739. 

xviL John == Mary Baird, np. 1770. 

I I 
[daughter] Margaret = Archibald Kennedy, 
o,s,p, (). 1848. 1 2th Earl of Cassilis, 1st Marquis 
I of Ailsa, w/. 1793. 

Marquis of 
Ails A. 

John Kennedy Erskine == Augusta Fitzclarence. 
n. 1802, 0, 1831, 

William == Catherine Jones, 
n, 1828. np. 1862. 

Augustus Kennedy Erskine of Dun, «. 1866. 

Digitized by 



a. suudds for notes in Scot Aniig, by < Z ' ; b, for Millar's Casti$s of Scotland ; 
c, for Scott'3 HaUro Brskine Fami/w* 

a. 'John Ersskyne, Knight, Lord of Dun'— charter 1400. (>. page 338.) 

fi. •Had charter of Don on his father's resignation, 28th Jan. 1449.' {a, page zz&) 

>. Margaret Ruthven was Dowager-Countess of Buchan. (a. page 118, ^. pa^e 345.) 

0. The celebrated ' Superintendent' c. (ped. tab.) states tnat he had a son, John, by his 
second wife, which John he makes father of a son Jobni whom he erroneously makes the 
husband of Jean Maule. the wife of David Erskine. 

c. Mr. C ommi ssa r y Maule states that she was a native of Picardy, and mother of 
Margaret, wife of his brother, Patrick Maule. 

^ An account of his misdoings is given, {k, page ^71.) 

^. Of this marriage were born, inUr alios, Fatrick, first Earl of Panmure, * unde of Sir 
Alexander Erskine/ ziil of Dun ; Jean, wife of David Erskine, second son of John, viii. of 
Dun ; and Margaret, wife of Arthur Erskine, brother to David. 

$, Margaret Lindsay, daur. of Alexander, first Lard Spynie, is named his wife by k, (page 
374), but a. (page z8^) writes ' he seems to have married Agnes Ogilvv, who, as Lady Logy, 
executed, on the 8th January 1614, a deed of assignation in favour of Magdalen Halyburton, 
widow of her grandson. Lady Carnegie, life-renter of the Mains of Dun.' Sr John Carnegie 
of Ethie, afterwards first Lord Northesk, was her second husband : she died c, 1640. Hist. 
ofCam^l^, iL 351. 

c This &unuel died before 1690, leaving a widow and one son, of whom nothing further is 
known. (*. page 371.) 

K, Styled * John of Nathrow '; he married 1588 ; Aug. 159a, Provost of Monuose (R,P, C). 
[h, page 374.) In a deed of reversion, 28th Oct. 1588, he quotes the contract of marriage, the 
parties being ' (i) The Right Hon. John Erskine, Elder, Frank tenementer of Dun, my grand- 
schir ; (2) Robert Erskine, fear of Dun, my guidschire ; (3) John Erskine of Logy, my father.' 
His son John x. was bom before i6th Nov. 1593, when he made his wilL 

X That John z. succeeded John ix. is clear from Mr. Maule's statement He was of full 
age and served heir to his father, John, 5th Nov. 1603 X^'^-)* but was dead before 4th Dea 
z6o3. when his cousin and successor married {fi.S.Af, XQth Jan. 1607). 

fC See note 17. 

K * Mr. Arthur,* styled in the legal Process ' father's brother* to Robert the accused. 

|. See note 17. 

0. Mr. Maule states that be snooeeded his cousin, John x. of Dun. He married 1603 (see 
note X), and died 1610. (Hist^ of Cameztts^ vol. ii. p. 351.) In his marriage contract 
(1603) he is styled great-grandson of Robert Erskine vii. (RJ4.S, 1607, Jan. la). 

r. Murdered 1613 by their uncle Robert. The name of the younger brother is uncertain. 

0b David 'of Logy is mentioned {R,P.C^ vii. 576-578) as concerned with his brother, 
Robert, in disturbances at Montrose 90th Nov. 1604. He must have died before z6io. 

0-. Executed i6z6 for the murder 01 his nephews, John xii. of Dun and (?) Alexander. 

r. The foUowing retour {Forfar^ vii. 332) refers to him :— 

' 8 May Z621. Alexander Erskine of Dun, heir-male of John Erskine of Dun. his brother's 
son.' An assignation, 8th Jan. 1614. is printed in the Spalding Club Mis, vol. iv. p. 8r, 
mentkming Alexander Erskine of Dun, with consent of John Erskyne, minister of Eccles- 
greig [or St Cyras], his tutor. {Sfald. Afis.) This is important as proving that Alexander at 
ooce succeeded the eleventh Laird, murdered in Z613, and also that his tutor was the s.nme 
man who was appointed to be tutor to the children of John Erskine xi. Additional evidence 
as to his paternity is to be found in the existence of letters written to him \3y* his uncle ' the 
first Earl of Panmure, who was brother to Jean Maule. wife of David. The retour shows 
he was bom before 1600. Nephew to first Earl of Panmure (5 Rep. His. MSS. page 637). 

V. Henry was of full age in z6a5 when he wrote a letter to his brother on busmess matters. 
iStA Rip, His. MSS, page 637.) 

^. X* f- Helen, IsoIkI, Annas, daughters of David Erskine. condenmed as aiders in the 
murder of their nephews. 

Isobel and Annas were executed aand June 1614. Their sister Helen, as *less guilty and 
more penitent.' was banished, and Mr. dcott {f. page 15) holds that she married Patrick 
Halcro in Orknev. 

(0. Sir John died before his father, as the retour given under ao. shows. The Montrckse 
Baptismal Register gives the baptism, In Z644, of John, ' son of Sir John Erskine, fiar of Dun.' 
This son must have died in childhood. 

ao. 4th Tan. 1655. David Erskine appeirand of Dun, eldest [survivins;] son to Sir Alexander 
Erskine of Dun, Knyght, heir-male of Sir John Erskine, fear of Dun, Knyght (eldest son to 
the said Sir Alexander Erskine) his brother. (Rtt, Gen. xxii. 53.) 

David sooceeded his father before Z670. for in a retour dated 14th Tuly Z670 he is styled 
• David Erskine of Dun.' The Arms of Erskine of Dun were rejgistercd by him (see p. 53;. 

pp. David Erskine of Dun, Lord of Session, as ' Lord Dun.^ 

Digitized by 


52 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

I have also found most valuable contemporary information as to the 
descent of the lands of Dun, and the relationship between the lairds, 
which has evidently been overlooked by the three writers, «., ^., c> Mr. 
Robert Maule, Commissary of St. Andrews, was younger brother to 
Patrick Maule of Panmure. About 1610 he wrote Memorials of the 
Maule Family ; a great portion of this work is printed in the introduction 
to the Registrum de Panmure, A near relative to persons connected by 
marriage with the Dun family, he must have been well acquainted with 
prominent facts concerning them, while his high official position and 
character make him a witness whose statements are above suspicion. He 
records that his brother Patrick Maule married Margaret, daughter of 
John Erskine vi. of Dun, *the Superintendant,' by his second wife, 
* Barbara Beirle, a native of Picardy.' By this marriage Patrick had, inter 
alios^ Patrick, afterwards ist Earl of Panmure, * uncle of Sir Alexander 
[xiii] of Dun' (s Rep, His, MSS. p. 637), Jeane, who married David 
Erskme, and Margaret, who married Arthur his brother. Mr. Commissary 
Maule gives a clear account of the succession to the estate. Referring to 
John Erskine ix. of Dun, he writes : ' His sone quha was lard, diing without 
ayres, the said Davids sone callit Jhone did succeid ' (Reg. de Panmure^ p. 
xxxviii.). From this it is clear that David predeceased his nephew John x. 
We find {Reg, Priv. Con. vii. 576-578) that in 1604 two brothers, David 
and Robert Erskine, styled * of Logy,' were connected with some disturb- 
ances in Montrose. These must have been sons of David Erskine and 
Jean Maule, and next younger brothers to John xi. of Dun. This John 
XI. was son-in-law to Halyburton of Pitcur, and the indictment of Robert 

for murder alleges that * {sic) Erskine of Dun, who was son-in-law to 

the laird of Pitcur, had upon his deathbed nominated Mr. John Erskine, 
minister of St. Cyrus, to be tutor testamentary to the said two young boys 
his (accused) brother's sons, by which he (Robert) was defrauded of the 
charges of the bairns' {Scot. Antiq, iv. 1 85). David, the younger of Logy, must 
have died before 1610, and thus Robert, his brother, was next in succession 
to Dun on the death of his nephews. On his execution for their murder 
the land passed to his next brother. Sir Alexander Erskine xiii. This 
Alexander, who was knighted before 1625, is addressed in a series of letters, 
extending from 1 631- 1640, written by the first Earl of Panmure, as his 
nephew {His. MSS. Com.^ p. 637), an additional proof that he was a son 
of David Erskine and Jean Maule. Alexander had also a younger brother, 
Henry, who was of full age 1625, and wrote on business from London 

It is now sufficiently clear that Robert murdered his brother's children, 
two sons of John Erskine xi. of Dun and grandchildren of David. Evidence 
against him appears to have been procured by torture, and the use of 
witchcraft was also charged against him. At such a time, and under such 
circumstances, little reliance can be placed on the imperfect account of the 
matter that exists. It was a tragedy the surroundings of which were sure 
to suffer from exaggeration and idle rumour. 

The three accounts of the family already referred to differ as to the next 
stage of the pedigree, it will therefore be well to state that the retours prove 
that Sir Alexander xiii. (the son of David) was succeeded by his second 
son David xiv., his eldest son dying in his lifetime without surviving issue 
male. The earlier and later portions of the pedigree do not present any 
difficulties, but *2' (a. iv. p. 186) prints one of the family papers given 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries, 53 

in the Spalding Club Miscellany, which must be the work of a late and ill- 
informed scribe. Who the John Erskine was of whose children a list is 
given it is impossible to say, but the children certainly did not occupy the 
places in the pedigree there assigned to them. Mr. Millar also {b, p. 384) 
speaks of two Alexanders, father and son. There most certainly was 
only one. Mr. Scott makes Jean Maule the wife of a John Erskine, grand- 
son of the Superintendent by his second marriage {c, ped. tab.). Jean was, 
as we have shown, the wife of David Erskine. 

J. W. Mitchell, Esq., Rothesay Herald, has very kindly supplied the 
following extract from the Lyon Register, of the arms of Erskine of Dun, 
registered circa • 1672-78' : — 

' David Areskine of Dun Bears two coats quarterlie, first Argent a pale 
Sable be the name of Areskine, second, gules, a sword, in pale Argent 
hiked and pomelled Or, be the name of Dun, third as the second, the 
fourth as the first, above the shield ane Helmet befitting his degree 
mantled gules doubled Argent, next is placed on ane Torce for his Crest 
a gryphan head erased proper, holding in his mouth a sword in bend as 
the former, and on ye bled thereof this motto. In Domino Confido, sup- 
ported be two gryphans winged and armed Or' — * 1672-78.' 

A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

373. Burgh Seal of Dundee. — Referring to the article on the Burgh 
Seal of Dundee, may I remark that the town was under the protection of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose emblem, a pot of lilies, has been the hall- 
mark for silver-plate there for many years ? I have some toddy ladles with 
it, and the mark is repeated, apparently, in this as in some other cases, in 
place of the Scottish Standard mark of a Thistle, which only dates from 
1759. ^ think it will be found this is the original seal, and that described 
by Mr. Bain has been that of one of the Guilds there. May the Bishop 
not be St Elegius, who was patron of the Hammermen's Guild ? This 
would account for the obverse and reverse of the seal. 

Chaffers, in his book on hall-marks on silver-plate, says : ' The arms of 
the town are azure, a pot of lilies argent. Crest a lily argent, Supporters 
two Dragons vert, their tails knotted together below the Shield. Motto, 
* Dei Donum,^ 

In the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, there is an interesting brass 
matrix of a seal of the fifteenth century in excellent preservation, 
executed for the use of the Incorporation of Hammermen of Dundee, 
representing a figure of St. Elegius in episcopal vestments, holding a 
hammer in his right hand and a crozier in his left ; within a niche at each 
side is a bough-pot of lilies, and beneath a shield bearing a hammer in 
pale with a crown of three points inscribed ^ S,\e Malliato Sci Elegi de 
Dunde: J. H. 

374. Primitive Candlestick (vi. 42). — Mr. Bruce will find a paper 
on Carles (the Scottish name for the candlestick he describes) in the 
Proceedings of the Scottish Antiquaries for 1889. Specimens may still be 
recovered from farmhouses in hill districts, though the introduction of 
petroleum lias superseded the use of these old-fashioned pieces of house- 

Herbert Maxwell. 

Digitized by 


54 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

375. Arabic Numerals {voL iv. 147, v. 21). — The official Catalogue of 
German and Flemish Prints in the British Museum furnishes some 
early instances of the early use of Arabic, or more correctly Spanish, 

The earliest is Bavarian, 1413 (vol. i. 73), about which some interesting 
remarks are made. Some doubt is expressed (p. 49) as to whether 141 4 
is correct, or whether it should be read 1454 or 1474. The dates 1462 
occur in Upper Germany (ii. 138), 1466, Bavarian (ii. 156). The ex- 
amples are not given in facsimile, but the figure 4 is represented by a 
type resembling the figure 8 with the lower loop open at the bottom (as 
below). In the 2d edition of Durandu^ Rationale^ printed 1474, in my 
possession, the signatures run alphabetically from i to 4, the fifth leaf 
bearing a cross. The figure 4 consists of a loop with a diagonal con- 
tinuation very much resembling a ms. e with a large and circular loop ^ 
save that the lines are straight These rapidly executed numerals are 
valuable as showing their common form. £d. 

376. Notes on Attainted Jacobites. — Captain Patrick Lindesay. — 
On page 66 (Appendix 2) of Lord Rosebery's List of Persons concerned in 
the Rebellion of 1745-46, there is a note on Captain Peter Lindsay 
throwing some doubt as to his identity with the Patrick Lindsay who was 
executed at Brampton. 

They were really the same person, — Patrick Lindesay, variously desig- 
nated, 'Farmer, Wester Deans Houses, Tweeddale,' and * Gentleman,' 
was third son of James Lindsay, 4th of Wormestone, Fife, by Margaret 
Halliburton his wife. He married first a daughter of John Man, Mer- 
chant in Dundee, and had two children — 

1. David Lindesay, served heir to his maternal grandfather in 


2. Elizabeth. 

On the outbreak of the Jacobite rising of 1745, Patrick Lindesay pro- 
claimed Prince Charles at St. Andrews, became a Captain in the Jacobite 
army, and 'carried arms with the Rebels' until after CuUoden. He was 
taken prisoner in Angus, July 1746, and was executed at Brampton 21st 
October 1746. By his second wife, Agnes Robertson, daughter of the 
Minister of Eddleston, of the Strowan family, he had a son. 

3. James Lindesay, Wine Merchant, Leith, died in 1801, who 

by his wife, Margaret Bell, left numerous descendants. 

John Crosse. 

377. The Brass to the Regent Murray. — We give a plate of a 
monument of interest to Scotsmen ; it is reduced from a full-sized fac- 
simile of a rubbing, a few copies of which were given by the late David 
Laing, F.S.A. (Scot.), to his friends. In the year 1865, at the January 
meeting, Mr. Laing read a paper before the Society of Antiquaries on the 
monument of which the brass forms a part, and the report of the Society 
contains also a picture of the monument, which is in St. Giles's Cathedral, 
Edinburgh. It is, however, the brass plate that we would now describe. 
The inscription engraved on it was written by George Buchanan. Those 
who are acquainted with English sixteenth'century brasses know that very 
frequently older memorials, torn from their slabs, were utilised, a new 
design being engraved on the reverse side. This was the case with the 

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Murray plate, which formed half of an older memorial. The cost of the 
brass, and other details concerning it, are given in a memorandum found 
in the charter-room, Donibristle, and endorsed *The Compt of Geir 
furnisit to my L Buriall ' : — 

*//tfw, gaif to Jhone Ryotaill and Murdoche Valkar, measounis, 
for the making of my Lordis sepulteur according to the 
indentour maid betuix vmquhill Maister Jhone Wod and 
thame, i^Tcxxiii li. vi s. viii d. 

* Item^ to James Gray, goldsmyth, for ingraving of ane platt of 

bras vpoun my Lordis sepulteur, xx li. 

* Item^ to David Romane for the same platt of bras, vii li. 

* Item^ for varnising of the same plaitt and putting vpe and 

fixing thairof, iiii H. 

* Item^ to the payntour for bleking of the sepulteur and his paynis, xx s. 

In conclusion we would add that Erskine Beveridge, Esq., F.S. A. (Scot.), 
most kindly furnished the photograph from which our plate is taken. 


378. Sculptured Monuments of Scotland. — A collection of 
' rubbings ' of sculptured monuments from various parts of Scotland by 
Miss Maclagan, Stirling, a Lady Associate of the Society of Antiquaries, 
was exhibited in the National Portrait Gallery buildings on the occasion 
of the recent visit of the British Archaeological Institute. We cannot do 
better than give our readers the account which appeared in the Scotsman 
of August 1 1. 

The collection consists of upwards of 400 rubbings mounted on 271 
sheets, the largest of which is 10 ft. square. No collection at all ap- 
proaching this one in extent, variety, and effectiveness has ever been made 
in Scotland. The mere; travelling to the distant sites, accessible in many 
cases only under circumstances of difficulty and privation, represents an 
amount of fatigue, and the preparation of the rubbings an amount of effort, 
which few, indeed, would care to undertake. The list of places visited 
ranges from Farr, in the north of Sutherland, to Whithorn, in the south of 
Wigtownshire, and from Aberdeenshire on the east to some of the remoter 
islands of the Outer Hebrides on the west. There are no fewer than 54 
rubbings from the monuments of lona; Rodill, in Harris, supplies seven; 
the island of Mull, ten; Inchkenneth, five; Tiree, twelve; Oronsay, four; 
and Islay, thirty-five. The ancient graveyards of Argyllshire, however, are 
the happy hunting-ground of the collector — Kilmorie, in Knapdale, fur- 
nishing sixteen; Kilmichael, Glassary, seventeen; Saddell, Kilmartin, 
Strachin, and Kiels, in Morven, about a dozen each ; Ardchattan, Dalmally, 
and Inishail, about a dozen and a half among them ; and half a dozen 
other places from three to six apiece. 

Miss Maclagan's rubbings are not of the ordinary kind affected by the 
antiquary who is afraid of improving the appearance of the transcript he 
has obtained from the stone. Her plan appears to be to rub lightly, and 
outline boldly, shading up with Indian ink, so as to obtain an impressive 
presentment of the original. The variety of design and beauty of execu- 
tion of the patterns on many of these monuments afiford a revelation of the 
wealth and power and purity of the old artistic feeling that lingered in so 
many separate centres in the Scottish Highlands for centuries after the 

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older art of the Celtic people had ceased to exist. For Miss Maclagan's 
collection shows strikingly what, of course, we knew before, but what the 
public have not seen gathered together into one series, viz. that there 
were two great divisions or periods in the monumental art of Scotland 
which may be roughly stated as reaching from, say, the seventh century to 
the twelfth on the eastern side of Scotland, and from the twetfth or 
thirteenth century to the Reformation on the western or Highland 
side. The characteristics of the earlier art, though chiefly found in the 
east, are present in the west also, as on St. Martin's cross and on fragments 
of earlier crosses at lona, on the Kildalton cross in Islay, and the crosses 
at Ardchattan and Kilkerran, and on some isolated fragments scattered 
through the Hebrides. The earlier phase of the art is thus demonstrated 
to have pervaded Scotland, and, for that matter, Northumbria as well ; but 
the later phase, which is distinguished by the dominance of foliage in the 
scroll-like designs, is unknown on the eastern side of the country. 

The most characteristic examples of the earlier style possess a remark- 
able family likeness, made the more striking by contrast with the groups 
of the later style. The stones of the earlier group, which stand erect, are 
of great size, and roughly shaped like a headstone ; while those of the 
later style, are simple oblong or coffin-shaped slabs which lay prone on 
the grave. The crosses of the two periods, are also distinguished by their 
form and ornamentation, those of the first period being much more 
massive, and those of the second slim, and, like the recumbent slabs, 
presenting foliageous ornament as the chief element of their decoration. 
Examples of the massive erect headstones from Aberlemno, St. Vigeans, 
Glamis, Meigle, and the Garioch in Aberdeenshire, show the characteristics 
of the class, and attract attention not only by the quaintness of their groups 
of figure subjects, but also by the prominence amidst their decoration of 
the symbols which are peculiar to the early Christian monuments of Scot- 
land, and whose meaning and derivation are alike unknown. Like the 
aosses of the earlier type, their decorative patterns are chiefly of interlaced 
work, and many varieties of the oblique fret which the Celtic decorators 
manipulated in a manner peculiar to themselves, with occasional patterns 
formed from the divergent spiral so characteristic of all Celtic work 
prior to the tenth century. In the later crosses and the recumbent 
slabs this last element is entirely wanting, and the interlaced work 
and fretwork of the earlier time is overshadowed by the preponderance 
of foliage. The quaint groups of animals from the Divine Bestiaries 
of the earlier period are also absent from the later crosses and 
recumbent slabs, their place being taken by the griffin, the mermaid, and 
other creatures dear to the imagination of the later Middle Ages. The 
grifHns seem to have been the most popular, and are often introduced at 
the bottom of the cross-shaft, so that their tails may be prolonged into the 
wavy scroll of foliage which covers the whole face of the cross. A number 
of effigies of Highland chiefs, whose names are forgotten or but doubtfully 
assigned by tradition, serve to break the monotony of the extensive series 
of foliage-covered slabs, and here and there an ecclesiastic, mitred and 
vested and bearing a crozier, or clasping a chalice to his breast, makes an 
effiective contrast to the man of war with his claymore and shield, his 
bassinet and habergeon. There are figures of chiefs with spear in hand in 
Gothic niches among the foliage of the slabs, and figures of galleys of the 
quaintest form, and hunting scenes with the hounds in full cry or killing 

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the stag. Many phases of ancient life and many varieties of old Scottish 
armour and costume are exhibited, and a full insight is given into the 
genius and feeling of the Middle- Age handicraft of monumental sculpture. 
Perhaps the most remarkable 'rubbing' is that of the tomb at Rodill in 
Harris, which appears from the inscription to have been erected by Alastar 
Crotach to his father, William Macleod of Dunvegan, in 1528. The 
canvas on which this * rubbing ' is mounted is ten feet Square, and the 
number of figures in the composition is about thirty. The efRgy of the 
chief in plate armour lies under a semicircular canopy, the back of which 
is filled with figures, while the fronts of the voussoirs of the arch are also 
decorated with a series of sculptures in nine panels, making it the most 
remarkable monument of its kind in Scotland, and raising in every mind 
the inquiry, how was it possible in the early part of the sixteenth century 
to erect in that remote part of the wild Highlands a work of monumental 
sculpture that would be famous in any country of cultured Europe ? 

In connection with the above account we print a few notes which we 
had prepared on the same subject. They are not, however, confined to 
the class of stones which Miss Maclagan has so skilfully copied. 

Every antiquary acquainted with sepulchral monuments in Scotland 
must be struck with the fact that their number is very great, and their 
presence spread over the whole country. A close acquaintance with them 
leads to the conclusion that they possess marked features which gave them 
a national character. This is specially the case with early specimens, 
whose peculiar ornamentation mark thetn out as true descendants of the 
prehistoric monoliths which perplex the archaeologist. In the West 
Highlands this ornamentation is found even on post-Reformation stones, 
and is typical of the secluded condition of the country. On the East Coast 
and in the Lowlands the character was changed by the introduction of 
foreign forms. Recumbent effigies, common on the Continent and in 
England, were adopted, and an attempt was, in some cases, made to copy 
the carved canopies which add to the dignity and general effectiveness of 
these mediaeval monuments. The wholesale clearance-out which the 
old churches in Scotland underwent, has doubtless destroyed all traces of 
many tombs which were regarded not only as cumbering the area of the 
building, but also as savouring of superstition. What iconoclastic rage 
can do is seen by those who visit some of the Flemish cathedrals, notably 
St. Rombaulds at Mechlin, which was completely denuded of the tombs 
of the noble families which made the city famous. So with Scodand : the 
number of fourteenth and fifteenth century effigies now existing is very 
small, and their rich surroundings have disappeared. There exists, how- 
ever, a post-Reformation class of tombs unlike any to be met with in 
England — tombs, not as there intramural, but placed outside in God's 
acre* In many cases these are substantial fabrics, quadrangular enclosures 
open to the sky, with heavy iron gates in front, and mural monuments 
placed on the opposite walls. Good specimens are to be found in the 
Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, and in the Cathedral Churchyard, 
Glasgow. To the ecclesialogist they wear a dismal, and almost a repulsive 
aspect. Not so elaborate as these, but yet cosrty, and certainly more 
pleasing, are the lofly tombs erected against churchyard walls. The Style 
of these is cinco ceftio^ and the display of columns, cherubs, symbolical 
devices, and armorial bearii^s, gives to them a florid and often an over- 
burdened effect. A fine example of this style of tomb is given vol. iv. p. 50. 

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The whole design is good, while the carved capitals of the pilasters, which 
are middle-pointed Gothic in their style, give a special character to it. So 
elaborate are many of these monuments, and so skilfully executed, that 
they suggest foreign workmanship. Evidence exists that Scottish nobles 
did procure sepulchral monuments from Flanders, and, very possible, the 
practice was not uncommon. Had it been otherwise, the native designer 
or sculptor must have made a name for himself, and burgh records and 
family papers would have preserved it for our information. In the accounts 
for building the Earl of Murray's tomb (see p. 54), it is stated that John 
Ryotaill and Murdoch Walker were the masons employed. The former 
was probably a son of Nicholas Roytell, a Frenchman, appointed king's 
mason in 1539. If so, it is likely that he designed this monument, which 
in character resembles a large class of contemporary tombs, which are 
certainly not national in their style. For those who could not afford a 
costly mural memorial, the 'through stone* afforded opportunities for 
sculpture. These long slabs, either laid on the grave or raised on a base 
of masonry, or on four corner pillars, are common to England and Scot- 
land — but excessive ornamentation marks the northern * through stone ' — 
and a notable feature is the rude execution of the devices that are made 
use of. The ancient Celtic sculptured stone rarely lacks dignity, while, 
in many instances, the skill displayed by the workman is wonderful. The 
sixteenth and seventeenth century Lowland * through stones ' suggest that 
they were the work of men far inferior in manual skill and in good taste, 
not only to early workmen but to the makers of the more costly mural 
tombs. When Flemish, they were the work of unskilled workmen, and 
could be brought over in the trading vessels at small cost. Many of 
them, however, are undoubtedly of native production, which may be 
concluded from the frequent use of heraldic designs, which, however, in 
many cases, are incorrectly rendered, but which indicates that they were 
specially executed for the person commemorated A good example of the 
Scottish 'through stone' is given vol. v. p. 11. Some districts seem 
specially to have affected them, and their presence in unusual numbers is 
a sure indication that the parish contained a more than average number 
of small landed proprietors. It is much to be wished that the work 
commenced by Miss Maclagan should be continued, and that the carved 
sepulchral monuments of all the districts in Scotland down to the end of 
the seventeenth century should be sketched, or, better still, photographed. 
A complete series, properly arranged, would prove a novel and attractive 
feature at some future archaeological gathering. Better still Would it be 
if Dr. Stewart's great work were supplemented by volumes containing 
drawings of monuments unnoticed by him. 

There is a class of tombstones which, as a mle, is hardly worthy of 
much attention, but which possesses a general interest — the older head- 
stones, which are often adorned with representations of * work-looms,' as 
the tools of the handicraftsman were termed in Scotland. Many of these 
have perished from decay and neglect, more are perishing. The modem 
headstone, while usually more pretentious, has less effectiveness of design, 
and does not, in country districts, show advantageously side by side with 
its neglected and despised predecessor. In our remarks we have said 
nothing about epitaphs, which require consideration by themselves. 


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379. Goods belonging to John, Earl of Mar, K.G. — The Rev. R. 
Pau]^ Dollar, a descendant of the Erskines through the Alva branch, has 
kindly furnished me with the original manuscript list of property which Mary 
Stewart, second wife and widow of John, Earl of Mar, K.G., who died 
1634, desired to have added to his testament, doubtless with the object 
of adding to the value of his goods and thus increasing her share as 
widow. The document, which is clearly original, consists of nineteen 
closely written foolscap pages. There are 120 items with the value set 
against each. In the margin in another hand is entered the decision come 
to on each item. It would not be judicious to print the ms. in extenso^ 
many of the items being of no general interest We therefore give a 

The endorsement is *Certaine sommes off money desyrit be ye Countess 
off Mar to be eiket to ye charge off ing to her husband's testament' 

The first page commences, *Certane sommes *w** my la. Countes off 
Mar desyres may be eiket to ye testament oflf her umqll husband ye 
earle of mar, who deceast ye xiij. off Decemb. 1634 yeares. 

Moveables. Imp. Yair is in my umqll Lord of Mar his testament ane 
broune stood meare prysit to fourtie pounds, w** is thoght to be worthe 
ane hundreth poundis, inde yat ye exec and his factores must be comptable 
for, as ye superplus off our ilk apprysit meare. ^60 o o. 

2. Ite^ yair wes in ye possessione of my umq° s^ Lord ye tyme off his 
decease fyve coatch horses q off two were appoynted for airship, ye other 
thrie were worthe ane hundreth poundis a peece q off ye exer and his 
factores confirmes only one att fiftie markis, inde y' ye exer and his 
factores must eik to ye testament as ye superplus off ye pryce off omittit 
and ill apprysit coatch horses. ;£266, 13 4. 

3. Jte. Omittit out off ye sd testament all my umqll Lord his ryding 
horses w* yair ryding graithe being sex horses by ye airship horses to witt 
ane sore pacit geiden, ane gray gelden, ane whyte meare, twa blak neagis 
and ane pokmantie naige, thoght to be worthe ye better to mend ye worse 
ane hundreth pounds a peece, inde y' [&c. as before]. jQ^oo o o. 

5. Ite. Ye tyme off my umqll Lord his decease yare wes in his posses- 
sione upon ye store roumes off fargrayes and achlanaskyes eleven score 
and fyve wedderis, w** are prysit in ye testament to four markis a peece 
w* ye woole upon yare bakis, qas William Lindsay chamberlane off ye 
s"* roumes be ye exer and his factores directione sauld such off them as 
were not spent in ye earle off Mar and my lay countesse off Mar her than 
houses att fyve markis a piece, inde [&c] £^S^ ® o- 

6. Ite. omittit out off ye s** testament ye ewes, lambes, lulmunth, and 
gimer w** were up5 ye s** store roumes off fargrayes and achlanskyes, 
w** according to yare particular dursvefi (?) will appeare be ye boltane 
book 1 634 to be nyne scoire and fyve in nunber att fourtie shillings a 
peece ye better to mend ye worse inde [&c] jQzi^ ^ o- 

7. Ite, my umqll Lord had ye tyme off his decease four georges by ye 
airship george and twa garturs by ye airship gartur w^ georges and garturs 
ar omittit out off testament and must now be eikit being worthe ^^1333 ^ ^• 

8. Jte. my umqll Lord had ye tyme off his decease tua purses one 
embroudred w* gold and pearle and ane other off velvit q' in were thrie 
score tenn peeces off silver, q"" ar omittit out ye testament and now aucht 
to be eiket being purses and silver peeces worthe jQ66 134. 

9. Jte, yair was in ye umqll earle his possess ye tyme off his decease 

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tua coatches by ye airship coatche prycit in ye testament to ane hundreth 
markis a peece w** ar thoght to have been worthe then fyve hundreth 
marks a piece, inde [&c] jQsZZ ^ 8. 

39. lie. ye s^ chamerlane gettis allowed to hym certane sommes de- 
pursit be hym att my Lo. his directioun to futmen, cuik, porter, weshar, 
those who wakit horses in ye night on ye grasse and others employed in 
my lord his adoes as ye particular articles oflf comptis will show w** being 
employed to my Lo. his use aucht to be eiket to ye testament jQt^ 7 6. 

63. lU,)Xi ye comptis ofT Alloway crope 1634 ye chamerlane gettis 
allowed to Andrew Erskene gairdner and his two men ane whole yeares 
fiall whereas he served but half one yeare to witt frO martinmas 1634 to 
wits 163s, att w** terme he and his men were dismissed : QQo ye whole 
yeares fiall being 29 bollis meate and four boUis beare ye half is fourteen 
bollis tua furlottis meate at tenn markis a boll and two bollis beare at 
seven poundis los. a boll conforme to ye chamerlanes warrand aucht to 
be eiket to testa* ext to ;;^i i 1 1 34. 

380. The Use of Armorial Bearings (i. p. 9). — ^The Heraldic 
Exhibition opened in Edinburgh cannot fail to produce some good results. 
Popular it is not likely to be, for few take any interest in the subject of 
armorial bearings or genealogy as a science, and the work of education, 
though it may commence with a display such as the rooms in Queen 
Street afford, must be carried out by more sober and lasting means. We 
trust that the effect of the Exhibition will be seen in the improved work 
of the decorator, and that thus it will act on the public, as other art 
exhibitions have done, slowly but surely and profitably. We would, 
however, consider chiefly the effect it will have in the use of armorial 
bearings, and the increased inclination of wealthy people to obtain 
proper authority for a display to which they as a rule have shown 
themselves prone, without much consideration as to the position in 
which they place themselves by assuming armorial bearings without — 
nay, in spite of— official authorisation. It must be admitted that the 
laws affecting armorial bearings are in a very unsatisfactory condition — 
we will not discuss how matters stand in England and Ireland. Here in 
Scotland the Lyon Office is a Government department, which does some- 
thing to increase the revenue of the State. Its officials are nominally armed 
with what, could they be exercised, would now be regarded as the ex- 
cessive powers, of confiscating and mutilating private property if to it is 
affixed unauthorised armorial ornamentation. These powers, we need 
scarcely say, are never exercised, yet the Government which wisely allows 
them to slumber does not blush to profit by the breaking of the law it has 
not the inclination to enforce. A tax is laid on armorial bearings, whether 
they be authorised or fictitious. The uninitiated often suppose that 
by paying the tax they obtain a right to the armorial bearing they use. 
Not a bit of it. The tax is levied on genuine and bogus arms alike, 
and leaves them genuine or bogus. This is the more strange when 
we consider that a tradesman may register his trade-mark for a small 
fee, and may interdict any one else from using it ; but if a man pays a 
heavy fee to Government to obtain the right to use a coat-of-arms — granted 
not always according lo the design he wishes, but to that the Lyon King 
selects — he has no remedy if his neighbour (whether bearing his name 
or not) adopts the same device. The tax on armorial bearings is a lucra- 

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tive one, and no objection can be taken to it. Let it be doubled to those 
who cannot show an official grant. Nothing would be lost to the 
Exchequer, and if the fees for registration at the Lyon Office were reduced 
much would be gained i for very many would hasten to register arms to 
which they could then show legal right, or to take out grants for new 
devices in order to be scheduled under the reduced rate of taxation ; 
while those who did not take this step would have to pay double, and 
being thus ' posted ' as impostors, would soon follow suit. Thus the tax 
would not suffer, while the revenue derived from the fees for grants would 
benefit. We would also suggest that the Lyon Office should print the 
names of those whose arms are registered, and also periodically notify the 
names of those who take out arms. Thus the genuine would be at once 
distinguishable from the bogus article, and men, rather than discard orna* 
ments they had improperly assumed, would hasten to obtain the proper 
authority to use them. Ed. 

381. Erskines of Balgownie and Shielfield {voL v.//. 97, 143). 
— Sir, — Although I have of necessity been somewhat tardy in replying 
to the statements and observations relative to my pamphlet ' The Erskine 
HtUcro Gemalogy^^ — contained in your No. for December 1890, — I still 
rely on your fairness to insert the present communication. 

Arms of Erskine of ShieldfUld, 

The Shieldfield Arms were registered in the Lyon Register about 1700, 
not V. 1 7 1 9 or later,' as you state. I got this information from my nephew, 
who is an official in the Register House, Edinburgh, and was permitted by 
the late Mr. Burnett, Lyon King, to inspect the Register on my account, 
and I implicitly rely on the information as correct. Mr. Alexander Nisbet*s 
great work A System of Heraldry was first published in 1722, three years 
before the death of the author. It is still called by many * The best book 
on Heraldry in the English language.' In the nrst volume Mr, Nisbet 
says in the introduction that he was indebted to the courtesy of the Lyon 
King at the time, for allowing him to make extracts of many of the Arms 
from the Lyon Register, and that in all such cases he had put the letters 
L.R. after the Arms; further, on page 42, Nisbet gives the particulars 
of the Shieldfield Arms, exactly as I have quoted them on page 7 of 
my pamphlet, with the addition of the Crest and Motto as quoted by you, 
and adds the above letters L.R,, thus proving incontestibly that these Arms 
were on the Lyon Register at the time and taken by Nisbet from the 
same. At page 42 Nisbet also states that * Erskine of Sheefield 
was descended of the family of Balgownie.' This was in 1722, and is 
stated on the same page with the Arms of Balgownie (which are there quite 
distinct from those of Shieldfield, and not identical with them, as you 
observed), and I submit it is inconceivable that if this assertion had been 
otherwise than correct it would have remained uncontradicted during all 
the 170 years which have elapsed since then. In reference to the Crest 
and Motto of Shieldfield, which I did not record in my pamphlet, I might 
have added that they bear on the face such a similarity to the Crest and 
Motto of the Marr Arms as to make it quite reasonable to hold that these 
also had been arranged by the Herald as * differenced ' or * distinguished ' 
from the Marr Crest and Motto in the same manner as the Shield, etc., are 
consistent with their being differenced from the Balgownie and Marr Arms, 

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as I hold in my pamphlet and still bold. Thus Nisbet has the Crests, 
etc, as follows ; — 

Marr.'-'K right hand Proper holding a dagger (skeen) in Pale Argent, 
hiked and pomeled Or. Motto, ^JefenseplusJ 

Shieldfield. — A dexter arm from the elbow Proper, holding a Cross 
Crosslet Or pointed downwards, and the Motto * Think well' 

Finally, on this point, Nisbet's Heraldry^ published in 1722, is the 
original and great work of the author (a second edition of which was not 
published until long afterwards), and cannot reasonably be described as 
' his edition of that year,' as you have described it. 

Tke Annals 0/ the Halyburtons, 

This book, which was privately printed and distributed by Sir Walter 
Scott among his friends in 1820, is for the most part a copy, not of any 
myth, as you describe it, but of a bona fide family Register of the Haly- 
burtons of New Mains — connections of Sir Walter Scott's ancestors, the 
original manuscript of which is still in the Library at Abbotsford. Much 
of the narrative in it was quoted by Sir Walter in the Preface to his 
Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border^ pubHshed in 182 1, and the whole of this 
quotation was adopted at full length from the Preface to the Minstrelsy ^ in 
1847, io ^he Liber S. Marie de Dryburgh^ presented in that year to the 
Bannatyne Club by John Spottiswoode> Esq. of Spottiswoode, assisted, as 
he says in the Preface, by William Fraser, Esq., of Edinburgh, an eminent 
Antiquarian (now Sir William Fraser, K.C.B., LL.D., Deputy Keeper of 
the Records of Scotland), Unfortunately the quotation in the Liber S. 
Mari^ de £>ryburgh is stated therein to have been made from * The History 
of the Scottish Border^ vol. i, p, xcii.' There is no such book. The 
quotation was from Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border^ 1821, voL i. p. xciii. 
No doubt this error has caused a good deal of trouble. It was pointed 
out to me in a note from Dorset Eccles, Esq,, Acting Superintendent of 
the Reading Room, British Museum, dated roth February 1887. 

This family record of the New Mains family bears on it to have been 
commenced about the middle of the 17 th century — that is, about 1650. 
It clearly narrates the abduction of Elizabeth Halyburton, the young heiress 
of Shieldfield by her grandfather, the abbot, in person about 1558, when 
she was taken to Stirling and married to Alexander Erskine, a brother as 
'tis said of the laird of Balgownie, who thus became the first laird of 
Shieldfield. This record was first published, as I have said, by Sir Walter 
Scott in the Minstrelsy in 1821, and was no doubt unknown out of the 
Halyburton' connection until then. It formally revives and renews the 
uncontradicted statement of Nisbet made one hundred years before in his 
Heraldry that Erskines of Shieldfield are descended from Erskines of 
Balgownie, and when to this corroboration is added the entire compati- 
bility of the arms of Shieldfield with such arms as a herald would have 
framed for a younger branch of the families of Balgownie and Marr — by 
the rules of differencing — I submit that a very strong case is made out 
that Shieldfield descends from Balgownie as stated. 

Of what particular Erskine of Balgownie Alexander Erskine was brother 
there is wanting absolute proof. In the face of your quotation from the 
Cambuskenneth Monastery Register he could not have been a brother of 
James Erskine I. of Little Sauchie and Balgownie, for Alexander, that 

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brother, is correctly described by Douglas in his Peerage as parson of 
Monybreck, and was older than -^exander Erskine who married Elizabeth 
Haly burton must have been. Moreover, the parson of Monybreck would 
naturally have been described not as brother of Balgownie, but as brother 
of John IV. Lord Erskine. Alexander must therefore most probably have 
been a younger son of James I. of Balgownie, and a brother of Robert II. 
of Balgownie, probably the Alexander Erskine who is witness to deeds at 
the time, without being designated. My suggestion that he might have 
been minister of Monybreck must therefore be dropped as untenable. 

Was Abbot James Stewart alive in 1546 ? 

Kti^z%t2^ToiiYit Liber S. Marie deDryburgh^ Edinburgh i847,isacopy 
of a grant by Thomas, Commendator of Dryburgh, dated i8th November 
1 546. In this reference is made to a dispute in which Abbot James Stewart 
had been before that time mixed up, and he is there referred to as follows : 
* Venerabilem patrem Jacobum Stewart tunc in humanis agententy and you 
infer from this that at the date of the deed he was dead. I have taken 
every pains to obtain a correct translation of the phrase, and taken advice 
of a correspondent well versed in interpreting such old deeds, and I find 
the meaning is simply that Abbot James Stewart had been at the time 
referred to managing the temporal affairs of the Monastery of Dryburgh 
but had been superseded in that matter. If he had been dead at the 
date of the deed some mention would have been made of it, or at all 
events the word quondam would have been prefixed to his name, as 
is done in a subsequent part of the same deed in referring to King James 
V. of Scotland, who was undoubtedly then dead — and before whose name 
consequently the word quondam appears. I may add that if the above 
expression you have relied on as meaning that Abbot James had died 
before February 1546 were reasonably capable of being so translated, a 
fatal discrepancy would thus be created between the narrative of this deed 
and the Annals of the Halyburtons which clearly state that Abbot James 
was alive in 1558, when he took away his granddaughter and married her 
to Alexander Erskine, and as this narrative is implicitly relied on, and 
quoted at length in the Liber S, Marie de Dryburgh^^sMch a fatal discrepancy 
could not have escaped the notice of Mr. Spottiswoode of Spottiswoode 
and his learned Editor, Sir William Fraser, and all the distinguished 
members of the Bannatyne Club who may have perused the work — not to 
speak of such members of the public as since 1847 ^^7 ^^^^ ^^^ access 
to the same. 

Genealogy 0/ Erskine of Balgownie, 

I made use of the best materials I could procure in framing this. No 
doubt the facility you have of referring to the family papers has given you 
an advantage I did not possess, and I must defer accordingly to your 
corrections. My Table I., as far as the Balgownie Erskines are concerned, 
was only illustrative of their connection with the Shieldfield Erskines, and 
I did not prosecute the inquiry further than No. VII., John Erskine, 
Advocate, with whom the male representation of the family terminated. 
I may, however, in reference to your account of No. IX., Robert Cunning- 
ham, draw your attention to what is said in Mr. David Beveridge's Culross 
and Tulliallan^ viz. that this Robert Cunningham was not a clergyman of 

1 [In the Introduction, not in the work itself. Such a discrepancy may have escaped 
the notice of the Editors ; as to later readers we have no evidence. — Ed. j ' 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 65 

the Church of Scotland, as you state, but was the Rev. Robert Cunningham, 
minister of the Antiburger Congregation at East Bams in East Lothian, 
and that his mother, Hannah Erskine, widow of John Cuningham, married 
Mr. Adam Eil, one of the leading Secession ministers in Edinburgh. I 
observe you mention that Robert Cunningham married a daughter of 
Moncrieff of Culfargie. This is also a name connected with the Secession 
Church, the Rev. Alexander Moncrieff of Abernethy, one of the four 
brethren who seceded from the Church of Scotland in 1747, having been 
a son of Matthew Moncrieff of Culfargie. 


This is the spelling throughout Sir David Erskine's Annals and Anti- 
quities of Dryburghy and I adopted it for uniformity. Had I now to 
choose I would prefer Skeifieid, Sir Robert Douglas in his Baronetage 
spells it Sheffield, — I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, 

E. Erskine Scott. 
14 Marlborough Road, 
Leb, Kent, i^^h June 1891. 
To the Editor tf ' The Scottish Antiquary: 

1. Arms. — The approximate dates attributed to the registrations of the 
Balgownie and the Shielfield Arms were added to the official extracts by 
the Lyon Clerk, as the quotation commas show. Having ourselves ex- 
amined the original Registers, we concur with his opinion. We fail to find 
in Mr. Scott's remarks any proof that the Arms were registered before 1 7 19. 
As to similarity, it is clear that both Balgownie and Shielfield are differ- 
enced forms of Mar. Every armorist, however, is aware that the rules of 
cadency have never been formulated with exactness, and that no sound 
conclusions can be drawn as to the correct relation of cadets to the parent 
house, from differenced armorial bearings. Nisbet's work is deservedly 
held in honour, but his statements when unsupported by proof have no 
official authority where the Lyon Office is silent. He himself admits that 
he is obliged occasionally to make use of family traditions, to which, how- 
ever, he properly attaches no undue weight. 

2. The Annals of the Halyburtons. — It is not clear that Mr. Scott is 
aware that the Annals have lately been reprinted for the Grampian Club — 
he designates the work a ^bona-fide family register,' whatever that may 
mean. It was commenced about 1650. The unknown writer who started 
it laments that he has no trustworthy accounts of the family before that time, 
and he honestly makes use of the phrase ' 'tis said.' It is manifest that 
no genealogist can construct a sound pedigree out of such materials, and 
in this case Mr. Scott increases his difficulties by rejecting the very man 
who would suit his purpose, viz. Alexander Erskine, Parson of Mony- 
breck, and * brother to Balgownie,' for a purely imaginary Alexander who 
would have been a young lad when Abbot James Stewart died. The 
'Parson' was bom between 1500 and 1504, and supposing the marriage 
took place as late as 1559, he was not then too old to marry an heiress. 
We have not, however, discovered proof as to the exact date of the 
marriage. The traditionary designation * brother to Balgownie' would 
be correct if applied to the * Parson,' but not to a son of James of 
Balgownie, who lived till 1592, and thus survived Alexander of Shiel- 
field. After 1552 the Parson could not have been styled * brother to 


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The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Lord Erskine ' as Mr. Scott suggests, but ' uncle to Lord Erskine,' a 
designation not likely to be used — but it is not profitable in this case to 
discuss the possible correctness of guesswork. 

3. Abbot James Stewart — ^We have consulted scholars well versed in legal 
and classical Latin — we need only name Thomas Dickson, Esq., LLD., 
Curator of Historical Records, Register House, Edinburgh — no doubt 
exists in their minds that the grant by Abbot Thomas Erskine in 1546, 
furnishes clear evidence that Abbot James Stewart was then dead. It is 
true the editors of * the Annals of the Halyburtons ' did not discuss the 
discrepancy between the legend and this fact as proved by the grant : their 
silence, however, neither injures the evidence nor strengthens the legend 

4. Erskine of Balgownie. — All the errors in Mr. Scott's pedigree of this 
family might have been avoided by a careful use of printed and published 
works. Access to family papers enabled us to supply additional particu- 
lars. We have to thank Mr. Scott for the suggestions he offers at the close 
of his letter. It is, however, impossible that Rachel Erskine married a 
second husband, for she predeceased Mr. Cuninghame. We think Mr. 
Scott may be right in remarking that the Mr. Cuninghame was not a 
minister of the Established Church, his name does not occur in Scotfi 
Fasti. Ed. 

382. A Doctor's Chamber, a.d. 1500. — Representations of domestic 
life in bygone years are particularly valuable. Drawings of old houses 

show us where people lived; such 

plates as the one we give below help 
to show us how they lived. We 
have to thank Mr. G. P. Johnston, 
George Street, Edinburgh, for per- 
mission to use it. It is a reduced 
facsimile of the frontispiece of a 
work lately in his possession, Fasci- 
culus Medecinsiy etc., by Joannes de 
Kethum, printed at Venice 1500. 
An exceedingly rare book, it fur- 
nishes us with a clear idea of the 
fittings and arrangements of a 
chamber used as a study and per- 
haps lecture-room by a Doctor of 
Medicine. High up above the 
window is a Jong shelf, on which 
eight volumes rest showing the titles 
written on their sides. Raised on a 
dais is a wide wooden desk with two 
projecting wings with ornamented 
points, while half-open doors dis- 
cover a shallow cupboard in the 
centre. The Doctor, with a pen in 
his left hand, and wearing a head-dress resembling a turban, and doubt- 
less familiar to those acquainted with 15th century portraits, sits holding 
in his right hand a volume which rests on the top of the right-hand 
portion of the desk. On the left-hand portion is a rotatory four-sided 

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book-desk on which rests an open volume, beyond this is an hour-glass. 
Immediately below and in front of the desk is a long locker, on the lid of 
which three volumes are lying. To the right a man is seated on a low stool ; 
in the left centre a middle-aged woman, from whose crossed hands depends 
a set of beads ; from the left a lad is entering bearing in«his hand a wicker 
vessel something like a pail, other two vessels similar but larger are 
placed beside the sitting figures. The use of these is not apparent. In 
another plate which the volume contains, depicting a bedside visit, an 
attendant carries one of these vessels, it may be a thurible used as a 
disinfectant. In conclusion, we would note that the window is filled with 
small circles of convex glass, like the ' bulls' eyes ' still found in old case- 
ments. The carving on the front of the wings of the high desk resembles 
that carved on early cabinets and on the panels of pulpits. We should be 
glad if any of our readers possessing old prints of domestic interiors would 
permit us to have them copied, so that the house-life of earlier days might 
be illustrated. Ed. 

383. FouNTAiNBRiDGE. — A letter appeared in the Scotsman in July con- 
cerning the origin of the name of this suburb of Edinburgh. We think the 
following extract will prove interesting : — ' The original and correct name, 
yet to be seen on old maps of the city, was the Fauxbourgs or Suburbs, 
The first corruption appears to have been to Foulbriggs, by which name 
it is still best known to the lower class of the townspeople ; then as breig 
or brig is the Scotch form of bridge, it was no great stretch to convtiifoul 
mio fountain, so concocting the more pleasing and genteel compound of 
Fountainbrid^e, and all this notwithstanding of there being neither water 
nor a bridge within any reasonable distance of the spot.' 

384. Will of John Mitchell, 1581. — ^John Mitchell in Bandeath, 
Co. Stirling, whose will is given below, relieved of its archaisms, was the 
ancestor of the Mitchells, Baronets, and probably of the Mitchells of 
Craigend, Co. Stirling. 

The will is interesting as giving an insight into the value of farm stock, 
etc., in the i6th century. We have to thank J. W. Mitchell, Esq., Rothesay 
Herald, for permitting us to use his MS. 

Will of John Mitchell in Bandith, in the County of Stirling. 

The testament testamentar and Inventory of the goods, geir, sums of 
money, and debts pertaining to unquhile John Mitchell in Baddindeth, 
within the Sheriffdam of Stirling, the times of his decease who deceased in 
the neth of May, the year of God 1580 years, faithfully made and given 
up by himself as concerning the nomination (?) and debts owing by him, and 
presently made and given up by Janet Johnston his relict, and Alexander 
Young, baker, in Stirling, his son-in-law, as concerning the Inventory of 
bis goods and geir, whom he nominated his Executors in his latter will 
underwritten of the date at his dwelling-place of Baddindeth the 26th day 
February, the year of God 1579. 

Item, the said unquhile John Mitchell, had the goods, geir, sums of 
money, and debts of the value and price of the following pertaining to him 
the time of his decease ; viz ; — ^A grey horse price, ^14, 13s. 4d. \ Item, 
another white grey price 20 marks ; Item, three mares, two black and one 

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68 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

grey, price each ;£'io, total ^30; Item, an old grey mare, price ^4; 
Item, a Stag of a year old, price ^4 ; Item, two fillies, price each ;£8, 
total ^16 j Item, two old oxen, price each ^6, total ;^i2 ; Item, three 
Stots of two years old, price each ^4, total £^\^\ Item, ten cows of 
which five old fartow cows with stirk, and five young cows with calves, 
price each 10 marks, total 100 marks ; Item, three young cows of a year 
old, price each 30s., total ;^4, los. ; Item, a Stot of a year old, price 30s. ; 
Item, forty-six old sheep, price each i6s., total £,i(iy i6s. ; Item, twenty 
hoggs, price of each 12s., total ;^i2; Item, sown on the ground forty 
bolls of oats * estimat to ye third come extending to VI"' bolls of oats, 
price of the boll with the foddes 40s., total ;^24o; Item, more than ten 
bolls of wheat sown, ' estimat to ye ferd corne ' extending to forty bolls of 
wheat, price of the boll with the foddes ^4, total ^160 ; Item, more than 
ten bolls of peas and beans sown, ' estimat to ye ferd come ' extending to 
40 bolls peas and beans, price of the boll with the foddes, 3^3, total ;£i2o ; 
Item, more than ten bolls beir sown, ' estimat to ye ferd come,' extending to 
forty bolls, beir price of the boll with the foddes 5 marks, total 200 marks ; 
Item, in utencils and domiciles with the ' abuezements of his body,' (clothes) 
Estimated to 50 marks. 

Total of the Inventory, ;^9i4, 2s. 8d. 

No debts owing to the dead. 

Follows the debts owing by the dead. — 

Item, there was owing by the said unquhile John Mitchell to Thomas 
Moderall in Cambuskenneth of borrowed money, ;^3o ; Item, to Duncan 
Ranald in Papiltreis, of borrowed money, ;^22, 14s. 4d. ; Item, to John 
Mitchell, Elder, his son in Alloway, £,21^ 6s. 8d. ; Item, to Thomas 
Mitchell, his son in Stirling for ' geir ' furnished to the horse by him the 
time of the defuncts sickness, ;;^i5, 14s. ; Item, to Andrew Stevenson in 
"Craignigelt for the rest of the price of a horse, £fi ; Item, to David 
Robeson, weaver, ;^4; Item, to James Mitchell his son of borrowed money, 
4 marks ; Item to Malie Murray for ale the time of his sickness, ;^4 ; 
Item, to Thomas Watson, merchant in Stiriing, 33s. ; Item, to John 
Muirhead. smith, 20s. ; Item, to Alex. Brown, pedlar, ;^4, 6s. 8d. ; Item, 
to my Lord of Mar for his rent of the ground, in the year 1580 years, £^1*] ; 
Item, to William Stevenson for his fee, £^(^y 13s. 4d. ; Item, to Richard 
Kedstoun, ^4; Item, to Janet Johnston, ;^3, los. ; to John Archibald, 
i2s. of fee ; to James Johnston, 22s. of fee. 

Total of debts owing by the dead, ;^i5i, 4s. 8d. 

Rest of the geir the debts deducted, ;£762, i8s. 

To be divided into three parts the dead's part is ;£i54, 6s. 

Whereof the total is compounded for ^8. 

Follows the dead's legacy and latter will. — 

Upon the 26th day of February, the year of God 1579 years, which 
day the said John Mitchell made his legacy and latter will as follows, viz. : 
— ^the said John Mitchell nominated and made Janet Johnston his spouse, 
and Alexander Young, baker, in Stirling, his son-in-law, his Executor, and 
referred the making and upgiving of the Inventory of his goods and geir 
unto theni; Item, he ordained and made the said Janet Johnston his 
spouse only intromissative with his goods and geir ; Item, he ordained 
and made John Myllas, bailie of Stirling, * overman ' to the said executors ; 
Item, the defunct left and disposed of the free geir that pertained to his 
part, to his daughter Isobel Mitchell, 100 marks money, the remaining free 

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geirthat pertained to him he left and disposed to Janet Johnston his 
spouse. This was done at his dwelling-place in Buddindeth before these 
witnesses, John Myllas, bailie of Stirhng, Duncan Ranald in Papiltreis, and 
Alex. Schort in Blackgrange, * w* vyis dues sic subscribitur. Ita est/ Patricius 
Gillespie, Minister of the word of God in the church of Kirkton, etc., etc. 
Janet Johnston, his relict during her lifetime, and after her decease 
William Mitchell her son, and Christian Wyild his spouse, had a tack of 
half the lands of Bandeth from the King (on the forfeiture of the Earl of 
Mar), on the payment of seventeene pounds usuale money of this realm, 
at twa terms in the year Whitsunday and Martinmas in winter, in equal 
portions, together with six capons at the term used and wont only at 
Holyrood House, 3 Oct., the year of God 1584. 

385. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edinburgh, a.d. i 748-1 762 
[continued from p. 22). — 
1748. Febry. 20, f. 7. h. 6. v. At the Meal Mercat, baptized a son of 

Ebenezer Oliphant, Goldsmith, named Anthony. Messrs. John 

& Thos. Belchies, &c., pnt. 
„ Mar. 5, f 7. h. 11. m. In my Closet, baptized a posthumus son of 

James Qraeme, Weaver, & Elizabeth Alison, named Henry. 
„ Mar. 16, f. 4. h. 7. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of Charles 

Shepherd in the Canongate, Cobler, & Kat Alexander, named 

John. John Fforbes, Jean Simpson, & Margt. Cowie, pnt. 
., Mar. 20, f. I. h. 5^. v. In ... . Closs, Lawn Mercat, baptized a 

son of George Livingston, Sert. to Mrs. Walker, named Andrew. 

Richd. Walker, Gilb. Gow, &c, pnt. 
„ Mar. 23, i. 4. h. 4. v. In the Canongate head, baptized a daur. of 

Robert Strange, Engraver, & Isab. Lumisden, n^med Mary. 

Mr. & Mrs. Lumisden & Mr. Berry, present. 
„ May 9, f. 2. h. 7. v. In Grays Closs, baptized a daur. of William 

Fleeming, late a riding footman of.C. P. R. . . . Fife. Spors. — 

James Allan, &c., pnt. 
„ May 24, f. 3. h. 6. v. In the Flesh Mercat Closs, Canong., 

baptized a daur. of Patrick Cuthbertson, Silver-smith, & Margt. 

Caw, named Euphame. David & Thos. Beatts, Mr. McDonald, 

Leith, & Chris. Caw, &c., pnt. 
„ July 13, f. 4. h. 7. mat. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a son of 

William Dollas of Newton, Wright, & Margt. How, named James. 

N.B. — This child. (bom in the 6th Moneth) dyed spon after his 

„ July 18, f. 2. h. 3. V. In Lady Miln's house, in Blackfryar Wynd, 

baptized a daur. of John.McDonell of Glengarie (prisoner in 

Edinr. Castle, & . . . Gordon, daur. of Glenbucket, named 

Henrietta-Fraser. J. Hope, Miss Barclay, & McDonell, Spors. — 

(p. Lit). 
„ July 31, f. I. h. 5. V. In the Old Assembly Closs, baptized a daur. 

of William Hendrie, Writer, & Margt. Gray, named Johanna. 

Mrs. Semple, Mrs. Lynd, Mr. Hepburn, & Ja. Gordon, pnt. 
„ Augt. 14, f. I. h. 2. V. Opposite to the Cross Well, baptized a daur. 

of Chas. Esplin, Painter, & Pat. Preston, named Helen. Jo. Esplin, 

Mrs. Kath. Duncan, &c. &c., pnt. 

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70 • The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1748. Aug. 15, f. 2. noon. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of Sir William 

. Dunbar of Hemprigs, & . . . Sinclair, named Jean Frances. 

Miss Sinclair, Miss Jeanie M'Kenzie, & Peggie Gedds, Spors. — 

Ao£a TO) 0€O). 
„ Aug. 21, f. I. h. 9I mat In my Closet, baptiz'd a daur. of William 

Stewart Chairman, & Margt. Fairgrieve, named Charlotte. Jas. 

Stewart Chairman, &c., pnt 
„ Aug. 22, f. 2. h. 7. v. At home, baptized a son of William Miller, 

Chairman, named James. Mrs. Haliburton, &c., pnt. 
„ Aug. 30, £ 3. h. 8 J. V. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a son of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, & . . . Tytler, named Alexander. Mr. Tytler 

Senr. & Junr., Mrs. Lindsey, &c., pnt 
„ Sept. I, f. 5. h. 9. m. In my house, baptized a son of Henry 

Gibsone, Souldier in Drumlanrigs Regt., & Jean Marshall, named 

James. Hugh Gibsone Smith, Spor. 
„ Sept 3, f. 6. h. 5. V. In the Cowgate 'twixt the College & horse 

wynds, baptized a daur. of James Stewart, Writer, & Alison 

Ruddiman, named Anne. Mr. & Mrs. Ruddiman, Spors., Walt 

Ruddiman, his wife & daur., &c., pnt. 
,, Sept 7, f. 4. h. 5. V. Near Pilrig, baptized a daughter of Deacon 

Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Charles \sic\, Stuart Carmichael, 

Mrs. Crawford, Margt Stuart, &c., pnt. 
„ Sept 13, f. 3. h. 6. V. In Borthwicks Closs, baptized a daur. of 

George Bayne, Clk., & Jan. Harper, named Anne. John Malice, 

Mrs. Black, &c., pnt 
„ Sept. 26, f. 2. h. 6. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of Archbald 

Stewart, Mert. (late Moderator Constable), & Charlotte Bailie, 

named Helen. Mr. Jo. Hamilton, wh. his daur. & grandchild, 

Mr. Jon. & Mrs. M*farlane, Archd. Hamilton & James Guild, 

&c., pnt. 
„ Nov. 25, f. 6. h. 4. V. In my Closet, baptized a son of John Good- 

willie. Writer, & . . . Carstorphin, in Lybberton's Wynd, named 

Andrew. Rot. Barclay, Mrs. Strange, Spors. 
„ Nov. 29, f. 3. h. 8J. V. In my Closet, baptized a daughter of Mr. 

James Hay, Writer to the Signet, named Magdalen. Lady Nicolson, 

Mrs. Kerr, Mr. Hay, & Jo. Cumming, Spors. 
„ Deer. 19, f. 2. cir. merid. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

honest William Wilson, Writer, named Janet Mr. Wilson, & his 

son Robert, Isabel Lady Ardshiell, & Isobel Wilson, Spors. 
„ Deer. 19, I. aft. noon. At home, baptized a son of John Farquhar, 

Sert. to Mr. Lockart, & Janet Small, named John. Jo. 

M'Lellan, & Walter Clerk, Shoemakers, & Isob. Main, pnt. 
A« Dni. 

1749. Jany. 10, f. 3. h. 7. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of James Allan 

Cadie, named Bartholomew. 

„ Jany. 22, f. i. h. 5. v. In my Ding. Room, baptized a daur. of 
Walter Orrock now Mert. in Leven, named Janet Dougal Ged., 
Goldsmith, Mrs. Mercer, Yor., &c., Spors. 

,, Fcby. 4, f. 7. h. 6. v. In the Advocates Closs, baptized a son of 
Bailie Gill (Clerk on board a ship of warr) & Eliz. Barclay named 
Robert. Rot. Barclay, Physician, Mr. & Mrs. Barclay (grand- 
parents), Spors. 

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or, Northern Notes and Queries. 7 1 

1749. Feby. 22, f. 4. h. 4 J. v. In the F. Mt. Closs Canongate, baptized a 

daur. of Robert Strange, Engraver (at pnt. in Rouen), & Isob. 

Lumisden, named Mary Bruce. Mr. & Mrs. Lumisden & Jo. 

Wright, Spors. 
„ Mar. 2, f. 5. h. 7. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of John Scott, 

Sert. to James Douglas of Dornock, & Mary Malcolm, named 

Charles. Wm. Murray, &c., pnt. 
„ Mar. 12, f. I. h. 6. v. In my House, baptized a daur. of Hugh 

Robertson (Sert. to the Earl of Galloway) & Margt. Napier, 

named Henrietta. J. Thomson, Musician, & his wife, & Jean 

Wardrope, Spors. 
„ May I, f. 2. h. 3. v. In my House, baptized a daur. of William 

Elliot, Writer, & Agnes DoUas, named Cockburn. Mary DoUas, 

Barb. Alexr., &c., present. 
„ July 12, f. 4. h. 1 1 J. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Patrick 

Cuthbertson, Goldsmith in the Canongate, & Margt Caw, named 

Anne. John, Chris., & . . . . Caws, Spors. 
„ July, 22, f. 7. h. 10. m. In my house, baptized a son of Jo. Davidson 

sometime Mert. in Canongate, & Margt. Smith, named James. 

Jo. Tulloh, &c., pnt. 
„ Aug. 20, f. I. h. 6. V. In Mr.Chessuls house back of the Canongate, 

S.S. (for Mr. Rae), baptized a daur. of James Scott, Mert. Mrs. 

Chessul, Miss Mcpherson, & Mrs. Fleming, pnt. 
[N. D.] In my absence, Mr. Pat Gordon baptized twin sons of Archbald 

Stewart, Mert, & . . . Bailie, in Smiths Land. 
„ Nov. 8, f. 4. h. 7. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Andrew Wilson, 

Lintdresser, & Eliz. Leslie, named Janet. Jo. Nicol & Mary 

Adam, pnt. 
„ Dec. 6, f. 4. cir. merid. In my Closet, baptized a son of Donald 

Mackintosh, Porter, & Jean Reid, named Donald, Danl. McLean, 

Pet. Scott, & Janet Mackintosh, pnt 
[N. D.] h. 7. V. In the Castlehill, baptized. a daur. of Alexr. Nicolson, 

Plumber, named Elizabeth. Sir Richd. Murray, his moyr. & 

sister, Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt. — (pr. Liam). 
[N. D.] h. 9. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Donald Stewart, Taylor, 

& Barb. Campbell, named Isabell. Ja. Crichton, Rot Stewart, 

& Mrs. Monro, pnt 
„ Deer. 7, f. 5. h. 3. v. In Libbertons wynd, baptized a daur. of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, & . . . Tytler, named Jean. Old Mrs. Tytler, 

Jean Tytler, pnt — (pr. LiSm). 
„ Deer. 10, f. I. h. 5^. v. In the Old Assembly Closs, baptized a son 

of William Hendrie, Writer, & Margt. Gray, named Peter 

Hepburn. Ja. Gordon, Taylor, Mrs. How, Mrs. Semple, & 

Mr. Fleming, pnt — (pt Liam). 
„ Deer. 14, f. 5. h. 8. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of Chas. 

Reoch, Barbar (now at London), & Margt. Beg, named Charles. 

Jo. Beg (Sert. to Browsterland) & Margt Thomson, Spors. 
„ Deer. 24, f. I. h. 7. v. In Fowlis's Closs, baptized a son of Don. 

McDonald, Butler to the Earl of Galloway, & Ann Kilpatrick, 

named John. Jo. Urquhart, Cook, Mrs. Wigt, Mr. Main, Mrs. 

Sandilands, & Jean Lyon, pnt 
„ Deer. 26, £ 3. h. 6. v. In the Cowgate, baptized a daur. of James 

Digitized by 


72 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Stewart, Extractr., named Alison. Mr. Thos. Buddiman, Mrs. 

Buddiman, Walter Buddiman, & Eliz. Stewart, pnt. — (pr. Li^). 
A« Dom. 
1750. Jany. 29, f. 2. h. 8. v. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Alexander 

M'Intyre, Porter, & Griz M'Donald, named Catherine. Jean 

M*Intyre, Penelope Arbuthnot, & Jo Small, pnt. 
„ Feb. 18, f. I. h. 7. V. Baptized a son of Alexr. M*Nab, Chaircanier, 

& Eliz. Dewar, named John. Malcolm M'Dnimond, Mary 

Dewar, &c, pnt 
„ Feb. 33, f. 6. h. 4. v. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a daur. of 

William DoUas of Newton, Wright, & Margt. How, named 

Elizabeth. Mrs. How, Mrs. Thomson, & Mr. Harper, both 

Spors. — (pr. Liam). 
„ Feb. 27, f. 3. h. 8. v. In Todderichs Wd., baptized a daur. of 

James Wood, Taylor, & Kath. Chalmers, named Isobel. Tho. 

Souter, Dav. Tansh, Isobel Fergusson, Mrs. Widrow, pnt. 
„ Mar. 23, f. 6. h. 4. v. In . . . Closs, baptized a son of John More, 

Bookbinder, named Charles. Wm. Gordon, Bookseller, &c, 

„ Apr. 24, f. 3. h. 8. V. At the head of Cant*s Closs, baptized a son 

of John Gordon, Mert, named Patrick. The Reverend Mr. 

Pat Gordon, the ffayr., & Mrs. Urquhart, Spors.— (pr. Liim). 

N,B, — This was at the desire of my Dr. Broyr. Gordon. 
„ May 29, f. 3. h. 6. v. In Blackfryars wd., baptized a son of James 

Reoch, pror., named James Edward Henry. Jo. Glass of 

Sauchie, Geo. Lauder, &c., pnt., & Lady Humbie. 
„ June 19, f. 3. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of John 

Farquharson, Chairman, & Bethia Michie, named Margaret 

Thos. Michie, Eliz. Michie, &c, pnt. 
„ July 8, f. I. h. 6. V. In my house, baptized a daur. of Geo. Bean, 

& . . . Harper, named Jean. John Baine, the honest Sert of 

Murray, a false master, & two women, Spors. 

„ July 1 1, f. 4. In my house, baptized a son of Donald Henderson, 

Chairman, & Janet Boyd, named John. Rot. M'Lairen, Eliz. 

Holyday, pnt. 
„ Augt. I, f. 4. h. 4. V. In the Fishmercat Closs, baptized (for Mr. 

David Rae) a daur. of Wm. Rutherford, named Jean. • 

„ Septr. 9, f. I. h. 7. V. In Smith's Land, baptized a daur. of Archibald 

Stewart & Mrs. Charlotte Bailie, named Margaret Archd. 

Hamilton, Mert, & Jas. Guild, Wter., pnt. 
„ II, f. 3. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William Stewart, 

Chairman, & Margt. Fargrieve, named Christian. James 

Stewart & Chris. Kerr, pnt. 
„ Octr. 26, f. 6. h. 3. V. In my house, baptized a son of Thos. Gow, 

Shoemaker in the Pleasance, & Ka. Lowson, named Gilbert. 

Gilbert Gow, Vintner, & his wife, pnt 
„ Nov. 23, f. 6. h. 5. V. In Dunbar's Closs, baptized a son of Bailie 

M*Gill, Mert, & Eliz. Barclay, named James. Jo. Goodwillie, 

Rot. Barclay & his wife, Spors. 
„ Deer. 8, f. 7. h. 3. v. At Lauriston, baptized a daur. of Wm. Elliot, 

Writer, & Agnes Dollas, named Elizabeth. Ann Nisbet, Janet 

Schaw, & Mrs. Wright, pnt. 

Digitized by 


(7r, Northern Notes and Qzceries. 73 


1 751. Febry. 12, f. 3. h. 7. v. In the Castlehill, baptized a son of Alexr. 

Nicolson, Plumber, named Alexander. My Lady Murray of 

Blackbartonry, her daur., & two sons, Robert & Archd., pnt., 

pr. Litm. 
„ Febry. 25, f. 2, h. 8. v. In the Trunk Closs, baptized a son of John 

Crawford of Bingrie, Esq., & Eliz. Maxwell, named Alexander. 

Lady Inches, Spor. The child weak, & dyed about 10 at nt. 
„ Mar. 23, f. 7. h. 3. v. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

Pat. Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, & Margt Caw, named Euphame. 

Kath. Beatt, John & Christ. Caw, pnt. 
„ Mar. 26, f. 3. h. 7. v. In my Low-house, baptized a son of James 

Hay, Monquiter, & . . . Moodie, named James. Geo. Turn- 
bull, Mr. Scott, Mrs. Falconer Halkerton, & An. Reynold, Spors. 
„ Apr. 7, Easter Day, h. 6J. v. In Wariston's Closs, baptized a son 

of William Hendry, Writer, named William. John Callender, 

Mrs. Semphill, Mrs. Hendry, Spors. 
„ Apr. 21, f. I. h. 6J V. In my Closet, baptized a son of Alexr. 

M'Intyre, Porter, & Grizel Dollas, named Charles. Wm. 

DoUas, Duncan Forbes, & Chris. Eraser & Mrs. Young, pnt. 
„ May 21, f. 3. In my absence, Mr. Rae baptized a child of Andrew 

Douglas, MerL, & Chris. Cheape. 
„ May 23, f. 5. h. 6. v. Near the Cross I baptized a daur. of William 

Dollar, Chairmaster, & Margt. M'Intosh, named Mary. 
„ June 28, f. 6. h. 10. v. In Nyddrie's Wynd, baptized a' daughter of 

Thos. Laurie, Workman, & Mary Laurie, named Christian. 
„ July II, f. 5. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a son of David 

Rattray, workman in Canongate, & Chris. Sime, named John. 

Jo. Gordon, Arthur Smith, & iEgidia Smith, pnt. 
„ Augt 4, f. I. h. 6 J. V. In Bells Wynd, baptized a son of Hugh 

Robertson (Sert. to Mr. Baird of Newbeath), & Margt Napier, 

named Hugh. Jo. & Jas. Thomson, Musicians, & Jean 

Wardrope, Mert., &c, pnt. 
„ Augt. 10, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Newington, baptized a daughter of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, named Christian. Old Mr. Tytlar, & her two 

daurs. Jean & Mrs. Lindsay, pnt. 
„ Augt. 13, f. 3. h. 9. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William 

Forrest, Gardener, & Helen Newlands, named Jean. Andr.' 

Moffat (Gardener), Spor. Wm. Dollas & his wife, pnt. 
„ Aug. 18, f. I. h. 7. V. Ibid.y baptized a daur. of Dan. Eraser, Sert. 

to Rothemay, & Janet Balfour, named Elizabeth. Mary Heriat, 

& Mary Laurie, pnt. 
„ Augt. 21, f. 4. h. 7. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of John 

Stewart of AUonbank, Advocate, & Agnes Smith, named Elizabeth. 

Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Seton of Touch, & Mr. Charles Smith, Spors. 
„ Augt 27, f. 3. h. 4. V. In Smiths Land, baptized twins, a son & 

daur. of Archd. Stewart, Mert, & Ch^rl. Bailie, named Andrew 

& Elizabeth. James Guild & Mrs. Fleming pnt 
„ Scptr. 15, f. 5. h. 6^. V. At the back of Bess Wynd, baptized a son 

of Geo. Livingstone, Drawer in Mr. Walkers, & 

named Charles (bom in the 7th moneth). 
„ Octor. 3, f. 5. h. 4. V. At Ravelston, baptized a son of Alexander 

Digitized by 


74 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Keith & Johan. Swinton, named George. Aiexr. Keith senr. 
& junr., Dr. Jo. Rutherford, & Jane Orme, pnt 
N.B. — This child was bom in the 8th moneth. 

1 75 1. Octor. 22, f. 3. h. 4. v. In the Lawn Mercat, baptized (pr. Lit) a 

daur. of John GoodwilHe, Writer, & . . . Corstorphine, named 
Mary. Mr. & Mrs. Barclay, M*Gill, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Novr. 25, f. 2. h. 5. V. In Forrester's Wynd, baptized a son of 
William Taylor, Writer to the Signet, & . . . . Innes, named 
Robert. Messrs. Alexr. Innes, Wm. Mercer, & Archd. Hart & yr. 
wives, Wm. Taylor, . . . Innes, Miss Taylor, Mercer, &c., pnt 

1752. Jan. 17, f. 6. h. 5. v. In the Parliat Closs, baptized a daur. of Jas. 

Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Isabel. Isob. 

Bailie (for Mrs. Coventry), Mr. Thos. & Walt. Ruddiman, Spors., 

& Jo. Belchear, pnt, pr. Liam. 
„ Febry. 9, f 5. h. 6. v. In . . . Closs Lawn Mercat, baptized a son of 

B . . . M*Gill, Mert., & Eliz. Barclay, named Robert. Robt 

Barclay and his wife, Jo. Goodwillie & his, Spors. Geo. 

& Agnes Barclays, & 2 Mrs. Barclays, pnt 
„ Feby. 19, f. 4. h. 5. v. Baptized a daur. of Chas. Esplin, named 

Katherine. John Espline, Mrs. Preston, &c., Spors. 
„ Apr. 18, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Lauriston, baptized a daur. of William 

Elliot, Writer, & Agnes DoUas, named Mary. Chris. & Mary 

DoUas, and Miss Shaw, pnt. 
,, May II, f 2. h. 2. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Donald 

Henderson, Chairman, & Ann Boyd, named Jean. Rot 

M*Lairen, Margt. White, pnt. 
„ May 21, f. 5. h. 6. v. In Kinlochs Closs, baptized a son of Mr. 

George Gordon of Gordonbank, Writer, & . . . Muirhead, 

named James. Mrs. & Ms Muirhead, & . . . Gordon of 

Avochie, yr., Spors. 
„ May 22, f. 6. h. 7 J. v. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

Peter Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, & . . . Caw, named Christian. 

Kat. Beatt, & . . . Caws, &c, pnt. 
„ May 27, f. 4. h. 7. v. At Abbeyhill, baptized a daur. of Alexr. 

Lidderdale, Gardener, &...., named Helen. Mrs. Jean 

Rose, Jo. Dunbar, &c., .pnt. 
„ June I, f. 2. h. 5. V. In the Grass Mercat, baptized a daur. of 

William Hendry, Writer, named Agnes. Jo. Callender, Mrs. 

Struphill, &c., Spors. 
„ II, f 2. h. 3. V. In the Castlehill, baptized a daur. of Alexr. 

Nicolson, Plumber, & . . . Murray, named Jacobina Stuart. 

Mr. Webster & his daur. Chris., Spors. 
>» 30> f- 3- J^' 6. V. In the Back Stairs from the Meal Market, baptized 

a son bf George Hay, Printer, named Thomas. Walt Ruddiman, 

Jas. Mackenzie, & T. Traill, Wrs., Spors. 
I) July 5> f- ^- h- 7i- V. In Robinsons Closs, baptized a daur. of Geo. 

Bean, Clk., & Jan. Harper, named Christian. Chris. Walker, 

Jas. Harper, pnt. 
„ July II, f. 7. h. 8. V. In my Closet, baptized a son of Donald 

Stewart, Chairman, named ^Eneas. Jas. Stewart, iEneas & 

Margt. Campbells, pnt. 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 75 

1752. Augt. II, f. 3. h. 4. V. In Blackfryars Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

James Reoch, Prot., named Isobel. Thos. Sinclair, Writer, 

Pat. Edie, Surgeon, Mrs. Reoch, &c., pnt. 
„ Oct. I, N. S. f. I. h. 4. V. Fowlis's Closshead, baptized a son of 

Wm. Heriot, Gunsmith, named James. James M*Douall, Mert., 

&c., pnt. 
„ Oct. I, h. 5. V. In Monteiths Closs, baptized a daur. of Mr. John 

Clarkson, Wine Mert, & . . . Taylor, named Marion. Dr. 

Taylor, Lady Pitcairlies, & 2 nieces, pnt 
„ Oct. 6, f. 6. h. 4. V. In the Advocates Closs, baptized a son of 

Geo. Livingston, Vintner, named John. Allan Stewart, Surgeon, 

&c., pnt. 
„ Oct. 19. f. 5. h. 4. V. In Toddericks Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

James Wood, Taylor, &...., named Anne. Elizabeth 

Irvine, Willm. Watt, &c., pnt 
„ Oct. 22, f. 5. h. I. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of John 

Stewart of Allonbank, Advocate, named Margaret Mrs. Smith, 

Mrs. Barb. Smith, Barb. Walkinshaw, & Wm. Sellar, Spors. 
„ Nov. 2, f. 3. h. io|. V. At the Meal Mercat, baptized a daur. (born 

in the 7th moneth) of John Hutton, Brushmaker, & Anne 

Ruddiman, named Janet Walter Ruddiman and his wife, Mrs. 

Fenton, & Mrs. Fleming, Midwife, pnt. 
„ Nov. 30, f. 5. h. 5. V. At Newington, baptized a son of Harie 

Guthrie, Writer, & Eliz. Tytler, named Harie. Wm. Tytler, 

Writer, Geo. Lindsay, Clerk, & Euphame Guthrie, Spors. 
„ Dec. 3, f. I. h. 5. V. In Morrisons Closs, baptized a daughter of 

Walter Orrock, Mert. in Fife, named Helen. Mrs. White & 

Mosman & Mercer, Dougal Ged, &c. &c., pnt. 
A*^ Sal. 
1753- Jany. 23, f. 3. h. 5. V. In Bells Wynd, baptized a son of William 

Stewart, Chairmaster, named William. James Stewart, Chairmr., 

&c &c, pnt 
., Febry. 15, f. 5. h. 5. v. At the Cowgate Port, baptized a son of Peter 

Ramsay, Stabler, named James. Jo. Ramsay, Collr., Wm. 

Sutherlajid, Brewer, and his family, &c., pnt 
„ Febry. 16, f. 6. h. 6. v. In my Closet, baptized a daughter of William 

Conn, Taylor in Canongate, named Elizabeth. Eliz. Conn, 

Isab. Crawford, Wm. Reid, & Henry Tait, pnt 
„ Febry. 18, f. i. h. 4. v. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William 

Blair, Weaver, now Soldier in Coll. Halket's Regiment in 

Holland, & Jane M'Alpine, named Jean. Jo. Cameron, Jo. 

Monro, & Jean Bryden, pnt 
„ Febry. 19, f. 2. h. 6. v. In the Westbow, baptized a son of ... . 

Downie, Journeyman Watchmaker, & Sara Morison, named John. 

Mrs. Dickson, Deacon Barclay & his family, &c., pnt. 
„ Febry. 25, f. i. h. 4. v. In the Plain Stone Closs, Canongate, 

baptized a son of Alexr. Alves, Shoemaker, named John. Mr. 

Sutherland, Brewer, . . . Sime, Writer, &c., pnt. 
„ May 30, f. 4. h. 6. v. In BelFs Wynd, baptized a daur. of Hu. 

Robertson (Servt to Ld. Minto), & Margt Napier, named Elliot. 
„ Augt 9, I was ill. Mr. Ro'son (at my desire) baptized 

of Jo. Farq'son, Chairman, & Bathia Michie. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

76 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1753. Augt 26, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Castlehill, I baptized a daur. of 

Alexr. Nicolson, Plumber, named Margaret Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomson, &c &c., pnt. 

„ Septr. 5, f. 4. h. 4. V. In the Lawn Mercat, baptized a daur. of John 
Goodwillie, Writer, named Anne. Wm. Lumisden, Rot. Barclay, 
B. M*Gill & yr. wives, pnt — pr. Litm. 

„ Septr. 29, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Laurieston, baptized a daur. of William 
Elliot, Writer, named Henrietta. I^dy Craigleith, Wm. DoUas 
of Newton, Miss Jan. Shaw, Miss Elliot, &c., pnt. 

„ Octor. 7, f. I. h. 5. V. In Kinloch's Gloss, baptized twin sons of John 
Clarkson, Wine Mert., & Barb. Taylor, named James & 
Charles. Dr. Taylor and his daur. and son, Mr. James Stewart, 
Treasr. to the Widows Fund, Lady Pitcairlies, &c &c. &c., pnt 

„ Decer. 3, f. 2. cir. meridiem. In the Fountain Gloss, baptized a son 
of Sir Stuart Threipland, Physician, & Jan. Sinclair, named 
David (after the two grandfathers). Mrs. Harper, Mr. Budge, & 
Sir Stuart, Spors. Mrs. Budge, Jan. Threipland, pnt Aofa tco tfc©. 

„ Decer. 19, f. 4. h. 4. v. Near the Gross, baptized a daur. of Gharles 
Espline, & Pat . . . , named Gharles. Mrs. Preston, Jo. Espline, 
&c., Spors. 
A** Sal. 

1754. Jary. 6, f. i. h. 5. v. In the Advocates Gloss, baptized a son of 

Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Gharles-John. Jo. Goodwillie, 

M*Gill, Agnes Barclay, Spors. 

„ Jary. 16, f. 4. h. 3. v. In the Lower Baxters Gloss, baptized a daur. 

of Peter Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, . . . Gaw, named Margaret. 

Mrs. Gaw, David Beatt, &c., pnt 
^, Mar. 6, f. 3. h. 9. v. In my Gloset, baptized a daur. of Donald 

Henderson, Ghairman, & Ann Henderson, n. Ghristian. 

Jo. Hyslop & Eliz. Stewart pnt 
„ Mar. 17, f. I. h. 5. v. At the back of the Ganongate, baptized a son 

of Alexr. Paterson, Brewer, & Eliz. Gibson, named Alexander. 

Thomas Mack, and his wife, Jean Rose, Euph. Taylor, pnt 
„ Apr. 5, f. 6. h. 5. v. At the Gowgate Port, baptized a son of Peter 

Ramsay, Steblar, & . . . Mackenzie, named Peter. Jo. Ramsay, 

Collector, &c., pnt • 
„ May 19, f. I. h. 4. v. In the Old Posthouse Gloss, baptized a son, 

of Jas. Gargill, mert. & named James. Lady Wood- 

cockdale, Mr. & Mrs. Pringle, Dav. Berry's son and daur., pnt 
„ May 24, f. 6. h. 2^. v. In my closet, baptized a son of John Greig, 

Sailor (now in Greenland), & Jean Brown, named John. Jo. 

Archbald, Flaxdresser Spor. Margt. Falconer & Jan. Ramsay pnt 
. „. Septer. 17, f. 3. h. 4^. v. In the Writers Gourt, baptized a son of 

Jas. Stewart, Writer, & Alice Ruddiman, named Thomas Ruddi- 

man. The learned & worthy grandfather, Wm. Inglis, Isab. 

Bailie, & Lady MacKenzie, Spors. 
,, Nov. 15, f. 6. h. 5. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a son of Archibald 

Stewart, mert., & Gharlt Bailie, named John. John Hamilton 

Wishia, John M'Farlane, James Guild, all Writers, Alex. Stewart 

Miles, & Miss Nellie Murray, pnt 
„ Deer. 20, f. 6. h. 4. v. At Newington, baptized a daur. of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, & Eliz. Tytler, named Anne. Geo. Lindsay, 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. y*j 

Clk., Mrs. Lindssay, Mrs. (Wm.), & Jean Tytler, Spors. — ^pr. 

A" Sal. 
1755. Jary. 24, f. 6. h. 11. mat. In the Fountain Closs, baptized a daur. of 

Sir Stuart Threipland, Physician, & Dame Janet Sinclair, named 

Janet (after the grandmother, Lady Janet Sinclair of Southdun). 

Mrs. Fargeson, Mrs. Harper, Mr. Sinclair, Sr. S., Spors. 
„ Jary. 28. f. i. h. 5. v. Dickson's Closs head, baptized a daughter 

of Andrew Douglas, Druggist, & Chris. Cheap, name Christian- 
Henrietta, Margt. & Cheap, & Mrs. Fleming, pnt. 

„ Mar. 3, f. 2. h. 4. v. In the Canongate head, baptized a son of 

Peter Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, & Mt Caw, name William. 

David Beatt, . . . Poison & Chris. Caw, pnt. 
„ Mar. 16, f. I. h. 6. v. N.S. of the Castlehill, baptized a son of 

Alexr. Nicholson, plumber, named Charles. Rot. Murray, 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomson, Mrs. Ballentine & Mrs. Pringle, Spors. 

— ^pr. Litm. 
,, Mar. 21. At HaUyards, near Kirkliston, f. 6. h. 2\, v. Baptized 

the posthumous son of Wm. Elliot, Writer, & Agn. Dallas, 

named William. Wm. Elliot (the granduncle), Writer, Wm. 

Dallas, Lady Craigleith, Spors. Com. Elliot & Chris. Dallas, pnt 
„ Apr. I, f. 3. h. 4. V. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a son of 

William Dallas, Wright, & Donna Haliburton (bom on Easter 

day at noon), named James. Lady Craiglieth, Thos. Haliburton, 

Mr. Dallas, Spors. ...... Gibb, pnt 

„ Apr. 22, f. 3. h. 6. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a daur. of Jas. 

Robertson, Packman, & Margt Scott, named Katherine. Pat. 

Scot, &c., pnt. 
„ May 7, f. 4. noon. In Todderics Wynd, baptized a daur. of Jas. 

Wood, Taylor, named Katherine. David Tansh, Lady Charleton, 

&c., pnt 
„ May 7, h. 4. In Bell's Wynd, baptized a daur. of Wm. Stewart, 

Chairmr., named Katherine. Jas. Stewart, &c., pnt 
„ May 15, f. 5. h. 4. v. In Henderson's Stairs, baptized a son of 

Bailie M*Gill, Mert, & Eliz. Barclay, named Bailie. Ye 

Barclays & Jo. Goodwillie Spors. 
„ Jun. 8, f. I. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Alexr. 

Maclntyre, Workman, & Griz. DoUas, named Agnes. Jo. 

Dmmond, Dan. Stuart, &c., pnt 
„ Jun. 16, baptized (by my Collegue) in my absence, James Cargill's 

„ July 15, f. 3. h. 6. V. Opposite to the Gaurd, N.S., baptized a son of 

John Fergusson, Taylor, named David. Jo. More, Mert., &c., pnt. 
„ • July 23, f. 4. h. 12. merid. In Stephen I^ws Closs, baptized a 

daur. of Wm. Cleland, Mariner (son of Rot Cleland sometime 

of Carnbee), & Frances Hall, named Elizabeth. The grandfayr., 

Spor, Mrs. Pringle, &c., pnt. 
„ Oct 4, f. 7. h. 8^. V. In Bailies Closs, Cowgate, baptized a son 

(bom in the 7th moneth) of Doa Henderson, workman, named 

,, Oct 5, f. I. h. 5. V. At Powderhall, baptized (Mr. P. Gordon being 

ill) a son of Mr Sime, Writer to the Signet, & 

Digitized by 


78 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Ravenscroft, named John. Wm. Gordon, Mrs. Scott, & Mrs. 
Alexander of Alloa, pnt 

1755. Nov. 16, f. I. h. 5. V. In the Old-Bank Closs, baptized a daur. of 

George Livingston, Inkeeper, named Mary. Mr. Bell, &c, pnt 
A° Sal. 

1756. Febry. 16, f. 2. h. 5. v. baptized a son of Robert Morison, Barber, 

& . . . . Ramsay, named Alexander. Alexr. White, Jo. Graeme, 

Plumber, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 2, f. 6. h. 5j. V. Near the Cowgate Port, in the house of 

Wm. Sutherland, Brewer, baptized a daur. of ... . Sutherland 

of Woodend, named Euphame. Mr. Budge, Peter Ramsay, .... 

Richardson, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 22, f. 5. h. 5. V. At the Meadows, E.S., baptized a daur. of Jo. 

Hall, Weaver, & . . . . named Janet. Chris. Hall, &c &c, 

„ May 7, f. 6. h. 4. v. Canongate, my Cous. baptized Alexander 

Paterson, Brewer, & Eliz. Gibsone, their son, named Andrew. 

I being not well. 
[There is below this entry a quarter of a page blank. — Ed.] 
„ Novr. 8. f. 2. h. 5. v. Baptized a daur. of Chas. Esplin, named Janet 
„ Deer. 13, f. 2. h. 4 J. v. In the Back Stairs, baptized a son of 

B. MacGill, Mert., & Eliz. Barclay,'named George. Chas. Butler, 

Jo. Goodwillie, & Agn. Barclay, Spors. 

Auspice Deo opt. Max. P.F. & S.Sto. 
A* Dom. 

1757. Jany. 12, f. 4. h. 6. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a son of ... . 

Willison, Surgeon, named David. Miss Dempster, Mrs. Ramsay, 

and her daur., pnt 
,, Feb. 3, f. 5. h. 3. v. In the Lawn Mercat, baptized a daur. of 

Jo. Goodwillie, Writer, & . . . . Carstorphine, named Magdalen. 
„ June 16, f. 5. h. 5. v. Near Newmilns, baptized a daur. of Wm. 

Green, Factor for Mr. Charteris, & . . . . Mackintosh, named 

Katherine. Mr. & Mrs. Robertson, .... Craig, & . . . . 

Grant, 4 Serts. at Newmilns, pnt. — sine Lit 
,, Augt. 24, f. I. h. 5. V. In Toddericks Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

John Fergusson, Taylor, named Isabell. 
„ Septer. i, f. 5. h. 6. v. In Leith Wynd, baptized a son of John Clerkson, 

Wine Mert., & . . . . Taylor, named John. Alexr. Cuninghame, 

Writer, Peter Adie, Surgeon, Miss Campbel, &c., pnt 
„ Nover. 5. f. 7. h. 6. v. In the Old-Assembly Close, baptized a daur. 

of Nathaniel Spens, Surgeon, & . . . . MuUiken, named Jean. 

Mrs. Mulliken, Lathallan & his lady, Miss Douglas, Mr. 

Houston, &c., pnt 
A' Sal. 

1758. Jany. 2, f. 2. h. 3. v. Castle Hill, N.S, baptized a son of Alexr. 

Nicholson, Plumber, & . . . . Murray, named Alexander — pr. 
Liam. Mr. Mabone, Mr. Thomson, &c., Spors. 
„ Jany 4, f. 4. h. 4. v. In the Anchor CI., baptized a son of Wm. 
Dallas, Wright, & Donna Halyburton, named Thomas. Miss 
Reg. Haliburton, Mr. Gibb, Jo. Mansfield, Banker, Ly. Craig- 
leith, &c. &c., pnt— pr. Liam. 

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or. Northern Notes and Queries. 79 

1758. Mar. 19, Palm Sunday, h. 4 J. ves. In Byres's Close, baptized (pr. 

Liam) a daur. of Wm. Moir of Lonmay, & Worthley Stewart, 

named Mary. Mrs. Stewart (the grandmoyr.), & her oyr. daur., 

Dougal Ged, his wife & daur., Nath. Spens, Mr. (Jo.) Moir, & 

Mr. Johnston, Midwife, pnt. 
„ Apr. I, f. 7. h. 4. V. At the Cowgate Port, baptized a son of Peter 

Ramsay, Stabler, & . . . . Mackenzie, named William. Wm. 

Ramsay, Wm. Suyrland & his wife, Jas. Ramsay, & Jas. Hunter, 

Bankier, pnt. — S. Lit 
„ Apr. II, f. 3. h. 3. V. Near Hope Park, baptized a son of Jo. Hall, 

Weaver, named Robert .... Horsburgh, Jan. Hall, &c. &c., 

„ Aug. 2, f. 4. h. 7J. V. At Cotes, near the Colt-bridge, baptized a 

son of Mr. John Sime, Writer, named James. Mr. And. Alves, 

Miss Maxwell, &c., pnt 
„ Aug. 3, f. 5. h. 5. V. At Moultreshill, baptized a daur. of James 

Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Caecilia. Messrs. 

Paton, Gray, W. Ruddiman, & Hutton, &c., pnt — pr. Litm. 
„ Aug. 7, f. 2. h. 6. V. In the Backstairs Pt Ch., baptized a daur. of 

Bailie M'Gill & Barclay, named Agnes. Eliz. Barclay, 

Mr. & Mrs. Goodwillie, Spors. — pr. Litm. 
A" Sal. 

1759. Jany. 25, h. 4. v. In the Anchor Close, baptized a son of Wm. 

Dallas of Newton & Donnah Haliburton, named William. Mr. 

Wm. Harper, Junr., Mr. Dallas, & Margt. Haliburton, Spors. — 

pr. Litm. 
„ Febry. 4, f. i. h. 5. v. Canongate, baptized the son of Chas. Stewart, 

Shoemaker, & Eliz. Threipland, named James. Mrs. (Jas.) 

Smyth, Mr. Joseph Ro*son, & Jo. Graham, Writer, Spors. — 

pr. Litm. — &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 17, f. 3. h. 5. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a son of Wm. 

Tytler, Writer to the Signet, named Patrick — S. L. Messrs. 

Guthrie & Lindsay, &c., pnt. 
„ June 15, f. 6. h. 7. v. In the Old Assembly Close, baptized a daur. 

of Nathaniel Spens, & Mullikin, named Janet— aft Ly. 

Lathallan. Wm. Inglis, Mrs. M*Dowall, Mrs. Douglas, &c., 

pnt.— S. L. 
„ June 24, f. I. noon. ID my room I baptized a son of Jo. Nicol, 

Wright, named Francis. Mrs. Craigie, Jeane Leslie, &c. &c., 

pnt — S. L. 
„ Septer. 20. Bothr. for me, baptized (in the herb mercat) a son of 

Don. Henderson, n. Daniel. 
„ Septer. 23, f. i. h. 5. v. In the Canongate, I baptized a son of Alex. 

Paterson & Eliz. Gibson, named John. 
A'' Sal. 

1760. Jany. 17, f. 5. h. 5. v. In Craigs Close, baptized a son of 

Willison, Druggist, & Dempster, named Samuel. Miss 

Dempster, Lady (Dowr.) Dunichan, Mrs. Ramsay, Leith, Mrs. 
More, &c &c., pnt 
„ Mar. 23, f. I. h. 4^. v. In Todericks Wynd, baptized a son of 

James Wood, Taylor, & Kath , named Joseph — Do. Jos. 

Robertson, Mrs. Brown & her son Peter, Spors. — S. L. 

Digitized by 


8o The Scottish Antiquary. 

1760. Apr. 8, Easter Tuesday, 4. v. In Ship-tavern Close, baptized (per 

Liturgm.) a daur. of Wm. Dallas, Wright, & Donna ^ Haliburton, 

named Margaret Margt. Halyburton, Ly. Craigleith, & Mr. 

Harper, Junr., Spors. 
„ Apr. 15, f. 3. h. 6. V. In the Canongate, baptized a son of John 

Hall, Weaver, & Horseburgh, named Charles. Jan. 

Hall, Wm. Brown, &c., witnesses. 
„ Apr. 25, f 6. h. 5. ves. In the Backstairs over the Meal Mercat, 

baptized (per Litm.) a daur. of B. M*Gill & Eliz. Barclay, named 

Jean. Mrs. R. Barclay, Chas. Butler & his wife, Spors. 
„ May 15, F. Ascens. h. 5. f. 5. In Dicksons Land, baptized a daur. 

of Jas. Park, Druggist, & M*Lean, named Annie. Hector 

M*Lean, Writer, Mr. M'Lachlan, &c., pnt— S. L. 
„ Aug. 20, f. 4. h. 6. V. In the Old Assembly Close, baptized daur. 

of Nath. Spens, Surgeon, named Jean. Wm. Inglis and his wife, 

Rob. Douglas, &c. &c., pnt. — S. I-». 
,, Sept. 18, f. 5. At Moulters Hill, Mr. Harper, Junr. (in my absence) 

baptized a son of Jas. Steward Writer, & Alice Ruddiman, named 

„ Sept. 21, f. I. h. 4. V. I baptized a son of Jas. Cargill & 

named James. S. Lt. Lady Woodcockdale, Mrs. Jas. Hay, 

Mr Berry, Rot. Pringle, his wife and son, pnt 

A" Sal. 

1 761. Febry. 13, f. 6. noon. In my closet, baptized a daur. of James 

Strachan, Chairman (from Auchindore), & Jean Touch, named 

Jean. Mrs. Jeane Rutherford, Adam Hay, Peter Urquhart, &c, 

pnt.— S. L. 
„ Mar. 8, f. i. h. 4. v. In Miln's Square, baptized a daur. of Jo. 

Russel, Writer, & Margt. Fraser, named Margaret 
„ May 24, f. I. h. 6. v. In World'send Close, I baptized a daur. of 

Jo. Clerkson, Wine Mert., & Taylor, named William. 

Wm. Taylor, Mert., Miss Taylor, & Capt. James Cathcart of 

Inverleith, &c., pnt. — Sine Lit. 
„ June 28, f. I. h. 5^. V. In the Ship Close, baptized a daur. of Wm. 

Dallas & David Haliburton, named David. Misses Halyburton 

& Scott, & Mr. Harper, Spors.— Sdy. Lit 
„ Aug. 3, f. 2. h. 3. V. At Inveresk, I administered Hypothetical 

Baptism to Margaret Erskine, wife of Archd. Stirling of Keir. 

Mrs. Magdalene Stirling, witness. 
„ Septer. 18. My Cousin for me, baptized a son of Don. Mackenzie, 

named Daniel. 
,, Nover. 9, f. 2. h. 4. v. In Nydries Wynd, baptized a son of Nath. 

Spens, Surgeon, & Mullikin, named James. Robert & 

Mrs. Douglas, &c., pnt — S. L. 
„ Nov. 26, f 5. h. 4. V. In . . . Close, baptized a daur. of Jas. Cargil, 

Mert, & Kath. Auchinleck, named Katherine. Ly. Woodcock- 
dale, Kath. Berry, Mrs. Pringle, pnt — S. L. 

1762. Jany. 25, f. 2. h. 5. v. In Mr. Orrs N. S., opposite to Martins Wd., 

baptized a son of James M*H . . . th [blotted], Purser in the 
Coins (?) & Chris. Walker, named James. Jas. Park, Druggist, 
& his wife, & Paul Husband, &c., pnt — S. L. 
^ Over Donna is written David. Probably her ftill name was Daindcnna. 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 8 1 

1762. June 18, f. 6. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Wm. Dallas Wright & 

Donna Haliburton, named Peter, pr. Litm. Margt Haliburton, 

Mr. Harper, Junr., &c., Spors. 
„ Octor. 27. In the Herb Mercat, f. 4. h. 4. v., baptized a son of David 

Buchanan, Flesher, & Susan Callender, named John. Deacon 

Wemyss, &c., pnt — S. L. 
„ Novr. 9, f. 3. h. II. Mat In . . . Close, in Kinlocks Close, baptized 

a son of Sir Stuart Threipland of Fingask, & Janet Murray of 

Pennyland, named Patrick. Miss Budge, her Father, & Sr. S. 

Thrd., Spors. — pr. Liturm. 
„ Deer. 4. In Kennedys Close, f. 7. h. 3. v., baptized a daur. of 

Hugh Stewart, Chairmaster, named Katherine — S. L. 
{To be continued.) 

386. Ross Family (continued from p, 40). — The Counts von Ross 
OF Prussia. — In the Neues Preussiches Adels-Lexicon, Leipzic 1837, 
and in other German works ^ it is stated that Alexander Ross von Inver- 
chasley, married Susanna Munro, and being a zealous Presbyterian was 
persecuted by the Bishops, and fled from Scotland in 1692, settling in the 

An Alexander Ross, but not of the Inverchasley family, may have 
sought refuge in the Netherlands, but not at the date assigned by Count 
John Ross (see post) in the account compiled by him early in the present 
century. It seemed probable that Alexander (Ixxi), younger son of 
Alexander Ross of Eye who died 1659, and who is said to have gone 
abroad and married (MS. pedigree), might have been ancestor of the 
Counts Ross. The death of this Alexander was announced by his nephew, 
Charles Ross, afterwards of Eye, to his * cousigne,* David Ross of Inver- 
chasley, Tutor of Kindeace, at Taine, in a letter bearing date, Edinburgh, 
17th September 1701. — *I am sorrie to tell you that a letter has come 
from Lieutenant Stewart to Andrew Ross, Balblair's son, giving account 
that Alexander Ross died at Bergen-op-Zoom, a frontier town of the United 
Provinces, about the beginning of September, New Style,^ and that his 
lady was not well/ It will be seen from the following account that this 
Alexander was not the ancestor of the Counts Ross, that family having 
evidently settled on the Lower Rhine previous to 1625, as is proved by 
their having married Germans, and at that date they had adopted German 
names and habits. If a history of the early struggles of the Reformed 
Churches on the Lower Rhine, including lists of communicants, could be 
found, probably the connecting-link with Scotland would be easily traced. 
At present the first of the family who appears in the register of Duisburg, 
near the Dutch frontier on the Lower Rhine, is Peter Ross, born circa 1625, 
and married to Christine Rademaker, by whom he had a son, 

2. Matthias, born at Duisburg 1659 ; he married there 

1 69 1, Maria Dorothea Schliiters, by whom he had, 

1. Christine Maria, b. 1692. 

2. Peter. (See below,) 

3. Christine Maria, born 28th August 1695. 

4. William, i^t^ post,) 

* Stammbuch des Adels in Detttschland. — Taschenbuch der grqfiifhen Hdusen. 
' Began in Germany in 1700, when 18 days were thrown out of February. 


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82 The Scottish Antiquary^ ; 

5. Matthias, born i6th August 1699. 

6. Hermann, bom 3d January 1701. 

7. Maria Elizabeth, bom ist June 1705. 

3. Peter, born at Duisburg 2d Septembier 1693, married , 

and had, 

Matthias Gerard. He left Holland 25th December 1766, 
as assistant purveyor in the Dutch East India Com- 
pany. On arriving in Bengal he was sent to Hoogly, 
where he died nth August 1769, having named his 
cousin, John Matthias Ross, executor to his will {State 
Archives at The Hague). 

Maria Matilda, married Israel Gotthelf Hintre. 

Sibilla Margaret, married Bernard Fredemburg. 

4. William, born at Duisburg 27th December 1696. On 2d April 
1 72 1 he was ordained minister of the Reformed Evangelical Church, he 
received a call to Xanten, and then to Isselburg in the same district, 
where he remained until 1748, when he became minister at WeseL He 

died there 1768, having married Catherine Gertrude Brinkman, 

by whom he had, 

1. Peter William, born 31st March 1729. He married, first, 

Anna Sibilla Vetten, by whom, with two daughters, 
he had one son, 

John Gottfried, born 1756, and died un- 
married 1803. 

He married, secondly, Margaretha Biischen, by whom, 
he had three daughters. 

2. John Matthias. (See below.) 

3. Henry Gottfried. (See/^j/.) 

4. Theodore Bernhard, became minister at Wallach when his 

brother Henry was called to Isselburg, born 25 th Oc- 
tober 1734, he married Sibilla Cramer. 

5. Dorothea Sibilla Catharina, born 3d December 1736, 

married John Osthoff in Wesel, and had six chil- 

6. Johanna Maria Elizabeth, bom loth January 1745, married 

Bernhard Everard Duden. 

5. John Matthias was born at Isselburg 9th June 1 730. Previous to 
December 1751 he visited England, hoping himself to obtain possession of 
some property in Scotland to which he believed that he was entitled, but 
want of means prevented him from prosecuting his claim. He probably 
saw David Ross of Inverchasley, George Ross, afterwards of Cromarty, 
and Hugh Ross of Kerse. It was one of these who, in the family annals, is 
styled the rich relation who obtained for him an appointment in the Dutch 
East India Company, as assistant^ with 24 florins a month. He left Texel 
19th December 1751, on board the * Immagonda,* for Bengal. He arrived 
there 7th August 1752, and was sent to Fort Gustavus to be employed in 
the Hoogly factory. He acted as under-treasurer, and then as treasurer 
in other factories, until he returned to Hoogly in 1763 as secretary. In 
1759 there is no notice about him, but he must have seen the destmction 
of the Dutch fleet and army, and Clive dictating his own terms at Chinsu- 
rah. After filling several posts, he was named head-trader in 1771, and 
also in that year chief-director at Cassimbazan In 1776 he became corn- 

Digitized by 


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missary-director in Bengal with 180 florins a month. War having broken 
out between the Dutch and English on 3d July 1781, he was taken 
prisoner by the latter and carried off. When peace was proclaimed in 1 783, 
he was liberated, and returned to Holland as ex-director. About 20,000 
florins of his salary were still owing to him, which the board * of the seven- 
teen' of the East India Company, in 1784, refused to pay, it does not 
appear for what reason. The decree was registered in 1786, and the 
money was never paid. — {Log of the Immagonda. — Roll of the troops and 
Company's servants^ Archives at The Hague.) On his leaving Bengal, by 
a deed dated 28th December 1782, he manumitted all his slaves, giving 
them also a considerable sum of money for their support. He married 

1786, a beautiful lady of 16, Joanna Catharina de Schubert, and 

dying at Brussels 1787, left an only son, 

John Frederick. (See below,) 
The widow married, secondly, in 1790, John Peter de Motte, a banker, 
and settling with her husband at Warsaw took with them her son. In a 
letter from William Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Orange, then in exile, 
dated Schonhausen, 20th July 1799, he addresses her as Mevrouw Motte, 
assuring her that * when a happy turn of affairs might bring him back to 
his fatherland, he would seek to be of service to her and her husband' 
This happy turn did not come till 1813, when he returned to the Nether- 
lands as Sovereign Prince, and in 18 15 became King. Mevrouw Motte 
during the war, and especially in 181 2-1 3, assisted by her son, devoted 
her fortune and energies to alleviate the sufferings of the wounded soldiers 
and prisoners, irrespective of country or creed. She returned to Holland, 
and died at Amsterdam 25th April 1814. The Princess Wilhelmine of 
Prussia, mother of the Sovereign Prince, in a letter dated Haag, 8th May 
1814, in her own name, in that of her daughter-in-law the reigning Prin- 
cess,^ and of her daughter the Duchess,^ addressed an affectionate letter 
of sympathy to John Ross, styling him * very dear and much loved Count.' 
6. John Frederick was bom at Brussels, 28th November 1787, just 
before his father's death. It does not appear in what year he assumed the 
title of Count ; as I have shown, he was so styled in 181 4. In that year he 
had a silver medal ^ struck in memory of his mother. He sent one to the 
King of Prussia, who thanks him * for the beautiful memorial of filial love,' 
in a letter dated Leipzig, i8th January 1815, ^^^i styles him Count. On 
the previous 20th December, during the Congress of Vienna, he had 
saved the King from being assassinated by a foreign adventurer. In 
1813 the Emperor of Russia had given him the Cross of St Anne in 
brilliants, and he had offered to the Emperor a valuable gift from the col- 
lection of oriental rarities left by his father. Leaving Warsaw he settled 
at Berlin and received from King Frederick William a diploma, dated 9th 
March 1820, recognising his titld. The wording of the diploma is most 
unusual :— (John Ross claims descent from the Earls of Ross, but there is 
no pedigree annexed) . . • ' whereas Count Johann von Ross has most 
humbly prayed of Us that We would be graciously pleased to adjudge to 

* Frederica Wilhelmina, daughter of Frederick William ill. of Prussia. 

* Frederica Louisa, widow of the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick. 

' On the medal she is styled Countess Ross. Her bust is in profile, and a lightning 
flash striking her. With other devices, there are the arms of Ross and Schubert. On the 
reverse, with many emblems, there is an inscription in Dutch, signifying — The [ Father- 
land to help to free | and men's disasters I to lessen | was the vocation wherein | she 
died.— On six banners are inscribed, Confiaence — Religicn — Perseverance — Courage — 
SacriBce— Unity. 

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84 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

him ... a deed of recognition and ratification of the dignity of a Count 
deduced from his ancestors, and also the grounds have been adduced by 
him which establish the rightfulness of his dignity of a Count, and he 
without fault of his has lost the means of proving his dignity in a manner 
which would be binding on a Count, Now it is Our Will, in evidence of Our 
Royal Favour and Grace, hereby most graciously to comply with the 
aforesaid petition, ... to wit, to recognise and ratify the dignity of a 
Count to Johann von Ross for himself and the rightfully begotten heirs of 
his body and posterity in descending line.' 

In the Pariser Zeitungy 21st June 1826, he is mentioned as being the 
first Dutchman who had made an ascent in a balloon. He was a man of 
some talent, but very eccentric, living in a house in Johannis Strasse 
(Berlin) surrounded by a large garden. He had the backs of his neighbours' 
houses painted to represent vistas of scenery. Having a varied collection 
of curiosities, he divided his house into four sections named after the four 
quarters of the Globe. In the Asiatic section he used often to hide 
himself in one of the large pagodas to listen to the remarks made about 
him by visitors to his museum. He died unmarried 25th November 1848. 

To return to — 

(1) Henry Gottfried Ross (the son of William 4.). Having been 
ordained minister of the Reformed Church 13th January 1760, he 
received a call to Wallach, near Wesel, and later to Isselburg. Bom 

25th May 1732, he died 22d February 1796, having married Anna 

Catharina Heymans, by whom he had, 

1. Catharina Henrietta, bom , married 1787, 

Amtmann Hermani-Werthebruch. 

2. Maria Catharina, born at Isselburg, 5th February 1762, 

married i79i» T. E. Evers. 

3. Wilhelmina Johanna Dorothea, born 14th October 1763. 

4. Johanna Sibilla, born 27th December 1765, married 

1790, Reverend Henry Esch. 

5. Catharina Godofreda, bom 23d December 1767. 

6. William John Gottfried. (See belouK) 

7. Johanna -Helena Frederika, born 25th J'ebruary 1777. 

John Matthias Ross, late Governor, signed the Issel- 
burg Register as witness. 
(^) William John Gottfried was born at Isselburg 3d July 1772. His 
uncle, John Matthias, wished him to be educated for the law, but yielding 
to his father's desire, he prepared for the ministry. He studied at the 
University of Duisburg, and received his first call in 1793 to Homberg, in 
the Duchy of Berg, whence he was called to Budberg, a small place on 
the Lower Rhine, the scene of his labours for 33 years. He began his 
work in troublous times ; owing to the French occupation, for six months 
after his call he was unable to cross to the opposite bank of the Rhine ; 
it was at Easter 1795 that he reached Budberg to find his house a ruin. 
There he was active in promoting education, and the welfare of his people; 
his conciliatory manners winning for him the love and respect of all classes 
and creeds. He steadily refused to leave his Rhine parish for any worldly 
advancement, but in 1826 Frederick William in. sent for him to Berlin to 
confer on the state of the Evangelical Churches in Westphalia and the 
Rhine Provinces. Although strongly urged to remain in Berlin, it was 
not until the following year that he consented to leave Budberg, being 

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ory Northern Notes and Qisertes, 85 

convinced that it was in the .interest of the Church. The Evangelical 
Union was owing to his exertions, and he was appointed by the King first 
bishop of the United Churches, with the supervision of Westphalia and 
the Rhine Provinces. In Berlin he took great interest in the advancement 
of education, and in the care of a large orphanage, to which he induced 
his cousin, Count John, to leave a considerable part of his fortune. The 
King sent him a Diploma of Count, urging him to assume the title, but he 
repeatedly declined, considering it unsuitable to his calling. In 1843 he 
received from the University of Bonn an address, thanking him for his 
unwearied activity and conciliatory measures in the interest of the Churches. 
He was a man of fine presence and most benevolent countenance, and was 
as beloved at Berlin as he had been on the Rhine. With Frederick 
William 11 1. he possessed great influence, and was always treated by him 
with marked consideration and respect. Under his successor, Frederick 
William iv., a sovereign of a very different temperament, he found his 
counsels slighted and his position untenable, therefore in 1846 he resigned 
the supervision of Westphalia and the Rhine Provinces. He died at 
Berlin, 28th September 1854, and was buried at Budberg, having married, 

1795, Louisa Cecilia, daughter of Peter Charles de Weerth. She 

died 1840, leaving, 

1. Caroline, born 1796, married Colonel W. C. Wentzel. 

2. Antoinette, born 1805, married Carl Tendering 

auf Hans Ahr. 

3. William. (See beloiv,) 

4. Frederick William. {^^^ post,) 

5. Luise Marie, born 1817, married 1838, Frederic 

Schneider, and died 1889. 

(J) William, Count Ro^s, obtained, 24th February 1855, a further 
recognition of his right, and of his brother's family, to the title of Count. 
He was Councillor of the Court of Aids in Dresden. Born 2d September 
1806, he died at Dresden, 26th December 1874, having married, 9th July 
1838, a Saxon lady, Adelheid Meinhold. He left, 

1. Luise Christiane Cecilia, born at Dresden 1843.* 

2. Cecilia Luise, born i8th May 1850, married 9th June 1886, 

Max Baron von Thielmann, Prussian Ambassador at 
Hamburg, and has, 

Carola Mathilde, born 1890. 

(-f) Frederick William, Count Ross. His father gave him on his 
marriage the estates of Hans Loo and Pottichel on the Lower Rhine. 

Bom 1810, he died at Dresden 9th October 1854, having married at 

Bonn, 15th May 1840, Ida aus 'm Weerth. They had, 

1. Frederick William. (See below,) 

2. Constance Luis^ Marie, born 1846, married at Loo 

14th September 1862 Frederic Carl von Fridirici 
Steinmann - Mellentin, Captain in the Artillery 
Regiment of the Guards, and owner of the manor of 
Gassendorf and other property in Silesia. He fell at 
the battle of St. Privat, 20th August 1870, leaving, with 

three daughters, a son, Frederick, bom 1865, 

owner of Gassendorf. 

* To Countess Luise Ross I am indebted for much assistance, and for having placed 
at my disposal many family papers. 

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86 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

(S) Frederick William, Count Ross, Rittmeister 7th Hussars. He fought 
in the war of 1866 ; in 1870 he was severely wounded on the head by the 
explosion at the fortress of Laon ; he was at the battle of Mars-la-Tour, and 
in the fights round Orleans. Bom at Haus Loo 9th July 1 841, he died at 
Bonn from the effects of the wounds received at Laon, 7th July 1883, 
having married at Bonn, 14th September 1862, Margaretha Luise von Biilow. 
By his death s,p, this branch of the Ross family became extinct in the 
male line. 

Arms. Gu,^ 3 lions rampant or; Helmet of his degree with a Count's 
coronet, bearing for crest a lily arg.^ with a palm branch on either side; 
Dexter supporter, a blackamoor with an apron az,, Sinister, a lion or. 
Motto, In magnis voluisse sat est 

In the Adds-Lexicon are also named, without indicating their origin,— 

2. Colonel Johann Carl von Ross, who having served for forty years was 
raised in 1786 to the position of Freiherr, with the addition of von Rosen- 
bach to his name. 

Captain Robert Ross von Thomthoun of the Austrian service was 
made a Bohemian Knight. 

In the logs of the ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, 
rolls of their troops and servants, preserved at The Hague, are mentioned— 

Edmond Ros, born at Amsterdam, appointed 'assistant' with 24 
florins a month, left Texel for Batavia ist January 1744, and arriving there 
3d July was employed as writer. He made a will, ist September 1750, in 
favour of his only daughter, Katherine Maria Ros, then about 22 years of 
age, living with his brother-in-law, Peter Pas, in Amsterdam, and failing her 
he left his money to the children of his sister, Anna Margaret Ros or Pas. 
He died 20th September. 

Daniel Ros, bom at Breda, was engaged, 6th April 1749, as soldier 
with 9 florins a month. He reached Batavia 2 2d January 1750. He served 
in the Dutch possessions until 25th November 1759, when he was returned 
missing after the battle of Chandernagore. 

Daniel Ros, born in Ross-shire, was also engaged as a soldier, with the 
same pay. Leaving Texel for Batavia 3d October 1752, he arrived there 
7th June 1753, and was sent to Quail, where he died 26th July 1764. He 
left no ¥nll, and the money owing to him was never claimed. 

John Theodore Ross, born at Bakel in Brabant, was appointed pastor 
with a salary of loo florins a month. Leaving Texel 29th June 1787, after 
remaining for a time at the Cape of Good Hope, he reached Batavia i8th 
July 1788, and remained as pastor of the Dutch community. In 1809 he 
appears as honorary Professor of Theology and Knight of the Royal Order 
of Holland. After i8io there is no further mention of him. 

Mr. Paul Ross, born at Veldhoven, was engaged in 1787 as member 
of the legal council at Batavia, with a stipQpd of 150 florins a month. He 
died there 6th June 1791, leaving a widow, Gesina Cornelia Schultz. John 
Theodore Ross was one of the executors to his will. 

F. N. R. 

387. The Historian Wodrow. — Upon two occasions, in 1717 and 
1726, the inhabitants of the town of Stirling made attempts to secure as 
their minister the Reverend Robert Wodrow, Minister of the Parish of East- 
wood, and historian of the Church of Scotland. The call of 17 17, signed 
by the leading inhabitants of the town, has been preserved in the historian's 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 


family, and is now in possession of his lineal representative, ^r. Charles 
W. Wodrow Thomson, Chartered Accountant, Edinburgh, by whose kind 
permission I am enabled to forward a transcription of the call and the 
signatures appended. Marchmont Herald. 

We, heads of families, merchands, tradesmen, maltmen, mechanicks, 
and others, burgesses and inhabitants of the burgh of Stirling, hereto 
subscribing, do hereby declare our satisfaction with, and consent unto a 
call given by our Town Council and Kirk Session to the Reverend 
Mr. Robert Woodrow, Minister of the Gospel at Eastwood, to be one of the 
ministers in this congregation, heartily joining in the desire that he may 
come and labour amongst us in the work of the Gospel, promising all due 
subjection and encouragement suitable from a loving people to their faithful 
pastor. In testimonie whereof we have subscribed these presents at Sterling 
the fifteenth day of Januarie 1 7 1 7 years. 

Alex. Burd. 

Wm. Paterson. 

Alexr. Glasfurd. 

Archibald Moir. 

John Don. 

George Drummond. 

Ja Finlaysone. 

Will. Urquhart. 

Ja. Johnstone. 

Ja. Christie. 

Tho. Darling. 

Jannes Laing. 

Patrick Dounie. 

William Hendrie. 

Mr. Wm. Thomson. 

William Cowan. 

James Bums. 

Jo. Allane. 

John Shereswood. 

John Hyndshaw, Stationer. 

Alexr. Donaldson. 

Andrew Millar. 

John Aitkine, 

John Lindsay. 

William Spittal. 

Thomas Glen. 

Pat, Maxwell. 

Ro. Wingate. 

Ja. WaUace. 

Will. Allan. 

George Jaffraye. 

James Mitchell. 

John Gallaway. 

Andrew M'^lieharn. 

And. Wright, 

James Dugon. 

Hendrie Jafray. 

Alexr. Boler. 

James Gibb. 

John Miller. 

Waker Hardie. 

John Hardie. 

Ja. Christie. 

Patrick Gillespe. 

J. Russell. 

J a. Christie. 
David Gillespie. 
Wm. Leask. 
Ja. Nicoll. 
Thos, Gillespie. 
Michaell Downie. 
J. Don. 

Patrick Stevenson. 
Ja. Urquhart. 
Will. Maiben. 
John Nill. 
Jo. Sconce. 
John Christie. 
Joseph Hunter. 
John Napier. 
John Stiwnson. 
James Stivenson. 
Robert Bum. 
John Adam. 
Andrew Mitchell. 
John Robertson. 
James Robertson. 
Archibald M®nab. 
Archibald Paterson. 
Alexr. Paterson. 
Ro. Robertson. 
David Walker. 
Will. Lyon. 
Charels Lyon. 
John Hill. 
John Heart. 
Hugh Forbes. 
William Howstowne. 
John Stivenson. 
John Balfouer. 
George Reid. 
William Buchan. 
Will. GilfiUan. 
John Finlayson. 
John Baxter. 
Alexr. Ride. 
Henry Duncan. 
William Hugat. 
Rot. Gardiner. 
William Mitchell. 

William Allan. 
Thomas Gillespie, yor. 
Cha. Ross. 
James Neaper. 
Jo. Berrihill. 
William Barklay. 
Ro. Barklie. 
Ja. Baird. 
Wm. Steilintoun. 
Da. Neaper. 
James Bwchanan. 
Archibald Anderson. 
Christopher Russall. 
Francis Houstoun. 
John Anderson. 
Thomas Thomsone. 
Andrew Miller. 
John Waugh. 
William Bowie. 
George Rind. 
Jam. McKnor. 
James Bochen. 
John Wright, elder. 
Will. Wright. 
Jam. Hill. 
William Pattersone. 
William McCrockett. 
John Lowrie. 
J. Grahame. 
Thomas Dounie. 
Johft Stivinson. 
Robert Cowan. 
William Smith. 
CoUine McLourie. 
John Bell. 
John McArthur. 
Charles McFarland. 
Jo. Allan. 
John Din. 
Lawrence Frazer. 
Walter Din. 
Robert Balfour. 
Archibald Moir. 
John Rolok. 
John Henderson. 

Digitized by 



The Scottish Antiquary ; 

James Lowk. 
John Jamison. 
John Dowgall. 
Alexr. Finlayson. 
John Davie. 
Tho. Murray. 
Alexr. GilBllane. 
James Walker. 
Rot. Duncane. 
James Harvie. 
John Wordie. 
Alexr. Plook. 
John Finlaysone. 
John Gray. 
William Wright. 
James Davie, 
Hugh Smith. 
William Wands. 
Thomas Brun. 
John Thomsone. 
Andrew Wilsone. 
James Ross. 
Will. Allane. 
Andrew Chrystie. 
John Turnbiill. 
Robert Buchanan. 
John Stevenson. 
Alexr. Fletcher. 
Thomas Reoch. 
J a. Brisbane. 
Alexr. Steuart. 
Tho. Glen. 
Mu. Steuart. 
Patrick Glaus. 
James Murrow. 
Robert Finlaysone, 
David Buchn. 
Robert Forester. 
William Forester. 
John Forester. 
Patrick Forguson. 
Will. Finlaysone. 
Thomas Wright. 
James Ghallmers. 
David Mafett. 
Willam McKlersi. 
John Broun. 
James Adam. 
George Henderson. 
Ja, Urquhart. 
Thomas Campbell. 
Patrick Wright. 
Thomas Thomson. 

}ames M<^lchriest 
ohn Kee. 
Will. Cuninghame. 
John Garrow. 
Alexr. Chrystie. 
Georg Danskine. 
Alexander Fergusson. 
Georg Reid, yor. 
Will. Glas. 
John Dason. 
Jams Jafrie. 
Willi. Oliphant. 

Tho. M^lay. 
John Fergusone. 
Will. Andersone. 
John Finlaysone. 
John Aiken. 
William Gilchrist. 
Alexander Harla. 
John Blair. 
John Campbell. 
Duncan Bryce. 
Thomas Jamisone. 

{ohn Robertsone. 
ohn Skillie. 
Andrew Hunter. 
John Ewing. 
John Russal. 
Jannes Russal. 
Robert Chrystie. 
John McKinnon. 
Patrick Proven. 
Jo. Muschett. 
.Malcolm McGibbon. 
Jo. Easson. 
Walter Easson. 
John White. 
John McKessone. 
J a. Watsone. 
William Garoh. 
Jo. Millar. 
John Simpson. 
Thomas Baird, yor. 
James Glen. 
John Glen. 
John Dewer. 
Archibald Aiknian. 
Patrik Norie. 
John Willson. 
Alexr. Sharpe. 
James Ix)w. 
Archibald Chrystie. 
Walter Easson. 
Charles Morison. 
Thomas Davie. 
Will. Christie. 
Thomas Brown. 
John Adam, elder. 
Thomas Archibald. 
Ja. Nicoll. 
Cha. Ross, B. 
William Murray. 
George Reid. 
Geor. Miller. 
William Miller. 
Alexr. Muschett. 
J a. Steuart. 
Andrew Liddel. 
Ja. Lourie. 
William Hcndersone. 

J a. Watsone. 
on. Hcndersone. 
Walter Cowan. 
Thomas GalL 
John Main. 
Tho. Baird. 
Robert Callenter. 

Patrick Dewar. 
Jo. Ewing. 
fa. Callander. 
Jo. Glen. 
Edward Luckison. 
J. Martine. 
Alexr. Mitchell. 
John Henderson. 
Joseph Cowan. 
Geo. Dow. 
David Yewine. 
Jo. Kelly. 
Jo. M^ljohn. 
Pat. Fisher. 
John Mf^laren. 
Ja. Watsone. 
Pat. Dicksone. 
Jo. M^^lay. 
Ja. Garone. 
Jo. Kay. 
James Har\-ic. 
John Sibbet. 
Patrick Glespie. 
J a. Watsone. 
Ja. Young. 
Alexander Condle. 
Archibald M^farland. 
William Cherire. 
William Baird. 
Jo. keid. 
fames Graroc. 
Robert Hall. 
Andrew Huton. 
Wm. Gilchrist. 
T. F. 

}ohn Adam, 
ohn Forlxjs. 
Christie Miller. 
John Henderson. 
Alexander Cowan. 

James Mofet. 
James Miler. 
John McKounu. 
Doncan M^'ftarllen. 
John Miler. 
Donel McKnivr. 
John Wright. 
John Rusell. 
David Mitchel. 
Alexander Vatch. 
John taler. 
Robert Bier. 
Patrick Lowrie. 
Thomas Robrtson. 
Patrick Finleson. 
James Tayllor. 
Will. Christie. 
Thomas Key. 
John Miller. 
James Ramsay. 
Joseph Cowan. 
Will. Wands. 
James Wands. 
James Chalmers. 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 


Alexander Dicksonc. 
Rot. McParlane. 
James Kidston. 
Duncan Stewart. 
Dougal (iraeme. 
James Gilespie. 
John Livingston. 
John Turnbull. 
William Grem. 
Patrick Cream. 
Georg. Robison. 
W. W. 

David Anderson. 
Alexander Cown. 
Robert Hinderson. 
John M^farlen. 
John Shirra. 
James Crookshanks. 
Jo. McGrigor. 
Rolxirt M orison. 
Jon. Gilfillane. 
Da. Miller. 
Alexr. Watson. 
Adam Jack. 
John Edmonstoune. 
John Chirstie. 
Roberd Fergusonci 
Ro. Rind. 
John Bremlxjr. 
Alexr. Cram. 
John Seat ton. 
Robert Gallaway. 
John Ried. 
Andrew Millar. 
James Douglas. 
James Harper. 
Ja. Christie. 
William Young. 
William Thomson. 
David Mitchell. 
Alexander Clark. 
Will. Gillfillane. 
Wm. Morisone. 
Wilam Gilchrist. 
Doncan M«farson. 
Robert Forsyth. 
Andrew Kerr. 

}ohn Fergie. 
ohn McParllan. 
Archibald Campbell. 
Robert Anderson. 
William McHowat. 
Jannes Smith. 
William McKuen. 
John Miler. 
David Gowing. 
John McLaren. 
John Sinson. 
L C. Ja. Chamers mark. 

J. Henderson. 
James Adie. 
John Watson. 
James Bruce. 
Chreystie Miler. 
Alexr. Adam. 
Thomas Blar. 
W. S. 

William Thomson. 
John Mitchell. 
John Brember. 
William Hart. 
Ja. Webster. 
Richard Rae. 
Alexander Calender. 
Roliert Gilchri>l. 
John Ferguson. 
Alexr. Roliertson. 
Donald Forrester. 
Jam. Thomson. 
John Foster. 
Alex. .Smith. 
James Chalmer>. 

Jo. RolHjrlson. 
Georg. Fisher. 
Ncill Glass. 
Alexr. Donaldson. 
Ja. Christie, Junr. 
Wm. Christie. 
Alexr. Gilchrist. 
James Daussone. 
William Wilsone. 
Tho. Christie. 
Andrew McKic. 
Alexander Brown. 
■ John Paton. 
Alexr. Dollcr. 
John Tilloch. 

And. Thomsone. 
William Allan. 
James Cushnie. 
John Galawa. 
Alexander Galawa. 
John Stirling. 
Alexr. Stalker. 
Robert Simers. 
George Esplin. 
Rol^rt Stirling. 
Robert Brown. 
Walter Stinson. 
Rott. Hamilton. 
John Neilson. 

Alexr. Br 

R. C. Ritch mark. 

John Glen. 

James McK 

John Ferrg 

Wm. Anderson. 
D. W. David Wilson. 
Alexr. Chalmers. 
James Hcnrie. 
W. C. Wm. Corsar. 
Robert Turnbull. 
Alexander Mushet. 
William Ramsey. 
William Laurie, elder. 
William I^urie, yor. 
John McKison. 
John Wilison. 
Archibald Stivenson. 
John Watson. 
John Paterson. 
John Watson. 
Thomas Bouie. 
James Stivenson. . 
John Boutc. 

James Stivenson, yongr. 
Wm. Keir. 

Archibald McKclchreist. 
John Aikman. 
John Christie. 
William M^eson. 
James Aikman. 
John Stinson. 
Robert Finlaysone. 
John Wilison. 
Thomas Mwre. 
Andrew Challmers. 
J. Finlaysone. 
Will. Millar. 
Robert Gilchrist. 
William Gilkrist. 
William Wright. 
Thomas Gillhlane. 
William Gilfilane. 
John Campbell. 
John Davie, youir. 
Thomas Watson. 
Rot. Ker. 
Alex. Donaldsone. 
John Brown. 
John Lonie. 
Thomas Rowan. 
John Gibb. 

John Edom. 
James Brown. 
William Fergsuon. 
Andrew Stewart. 
John Turnbull. 
Jas. Ferguson. 
Robert Henderson. 
James Cowan. 
John Muschet. 
Ja. Dick. 

The Call is signed upon four sheets of paper which have been mounted 
on a roller, and so carefully preserved that all but three names are deci- 

Digitized by 


90 The Scottish Anttqtiary ; 

388. Knight of the Kirk {vol, iw.pp, 129, 180). — A passage bearing 
upon this subject occurs in Arbroath and its Abbey y by David Millar, 
(page 135) which we give our readers : — Ed. 

* It may be observed that the Latin title Dominus, so often applied to 
priests and monks at this time, was equivalent to the prefix Sir, by which 
many of them were styled, and which title, it will be recollected, was 
repudiated by Walter Miln, the priest of Lunan, when applied to him by 
his accusers on his trial, adding, "I have been ower long one of the 
Pope's knights." Sir David Lyndesay alludes to this title in the following 
lines : — 

" The pure Priest thinkis he gets nae richt 

Be he nocht stylit like an Knicht, 

And callit Schir befoir his name, 

As Schir Thomas and Schir Williame." 

The title was applied to persons in priests' orders who had not taken the 
proper academical degree of Master of Arts, so as to entitle them to use 
the higher prefix of master or magister, which is applied to some of the 
clergy named in Robert Scot's list of souls. The title Den, prefixed to the 
names of several Arbroath abbots and monks in vernacular writings seems 
to have been the Scottish mode of writing Dean, as Lyndesay adds — 

" All monkes, as ye may hear and see, 
Are called Deanes for dignitie ; 
Albeit his mother milke the kow. 
He must be callit Deane Andrew.*' 

The titles Sir or Den, as applied to clergy, seems to have fallen into disuse 
after the Reformation. But as many Romish priests of the lower ranks 
came to be employed as readers and teachers, the term was after that event 
applied, in the old form of Dominie, to Schoolmasters, and seems to have 
been familiarly used in addressing them ; and that with more respect than 
is now generally attached to the term. An instance of this is afforded by 
a conversation which John Row, minister of Perth, had on his deathbed, 
in 1580, with "the master of the gramer schoole, commonlie called 
Dominis Rind," as recorded in the Additions to Row's Coronis, p, 456, 
Wodrow edition. Much information is collected on this point in Dr 
Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary {voce Pope's Knights) ; and some observa- 
tions **0n the title of Sir, applied to priests," are given by Mr David 
Laing in the appendix (p. 555) to the first volume of his Wodrow edition 
of Knox's Works.' 

389. Name Givers. — In most parochial registers of Baptism in Scotland 
the names of witnesses are given ; usually these were relatives of the infant. 
In a few registers, however, instead of witnesses the name of the person in 
honour of whom the name was given is entered under the heading 

* Witnesses, etc' Thus an infant at Dundee named George has opposite 
his name * His Majesty King George [i.]'; while in another case, in 1746, 
the Duke of Cumberland, the hero of Culloden, appears as the name 
giver. One parent even entered * David, King of Israel ' as name giver 
to his child. 

By adding the names of the genuine witnesses or the statement 

* before the congregation ' security was afforded that the rite had been 
properly performed. It would be curious to know what purpose the 
officials imagined they served when they chronicled the whims of parents 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 9 1 

in the manner we have mentioned. Doubtless the infant George would 
be trained up to be a loyal subject to the Hanoverian dynasty. Was the 
youthful David destined to be a precentor ? Ed. 

390. English Workmen in Glasgow, i 758-1 805. — The Registers of 
Baptisms and Marriages of St. Andrew's Episcopal Church in Glasgow were 
carefully kept by the Rev. John Falconar, the minister. Very many of the 
entries concern the soldiers stationed in the city, and Protestant Irish work- 
men. Two of the staple trades of the place, delph-making and bottle-making, 
were largely carried on by Englishmen. We think that a list of their names, 
with the date of the earliest record concerning each, will interest our 
readers in England, and may be of value as throwing a light on the intro- 
duction and growth of certain handicrafts now flourishing. 

I. Potters — Delph-niakers or Stoneware-makers, 

John Holden, * Englishman,' and Isabel Faucet, his wife, 1760, Potter. 

Robert Bingwall, Potter, * Englishman,' 1770. 

John Hainton, Delph-maker, and Lucia Chatilly, his wife, 1771. 

Mr. Bignol, Stoneware Manufacturer, from England, 17^2. 

William Cockley, Delph-maker, 1772. 

Thomas Bibby, Stoneware-maker, 1772, a daughter named Angelotte. 

Anne Newell, his wife. 
Robert Watson, Painter and Gilder at the Delft-house, Elizabeth Metcalfe, 

his wife. 
Isaac Cartlege, 1778 (had a son bapt. Aaron), at the Stoneware factory, 

Mary Steel, his wife. 
John Forrester, journeyman *at the Stone or Earthenware Works.' 
William Suckers, 1781, Delft-maker. 
Richard Abbey, 1781, Painter at the Delft-house, an Englishman, 

Rachel Garner, his wife. 
Thomas Pratt, 1781, Potter. 

Jacob Low, 1782, Potter from England, Isobel Lee, his wife. 
Edward Glass, 1783, at the Delft-house, lately from England, Ann Evans, 

his wife. 
Thomas Mayo, 1783, at the Delft-house, Nanny Steel, his wife. 
James M'Donald, 1785, by trade a Potter, Janet Cant, his wife. 
Daniel Steel, 1786, Potter from England, Mary Brook, his wife, Aaron, 

his son. 
John Eaton, 1788, at the Delft-field, Mary Hold, his wife. 
John Mitchell, 1789, Potter, Ann Fishwick, his wife. 
John Barlow, 1790, Potter at the Stone-field, an Englishman. 
John Mitchell, 1790, Potter. 
John Yumens, 1793, Potter. 

James Tennant, 1794, Stoneware-maker, May Hypson, his wife. 
Charles Colt, 1794, Dealer in Stoneware, Mary Foster, his wife, both from 


2. Glass and Bottle-makers, 

Cornelius Groves, 1763. 

Amos Robertson, 1763. 

John Gardener, 1764. 

Timothy Warren, Bottle-blower, 1765. 

Joseph Wilkins, 1770, * Englishman,' Helen Banner, his wife, 1776. 

Digitized by 


92 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Thomas Rowand, Bottle-blower, 1773, 'Englishman/ 

William Fletcher, 1775, Helen Quick, his wife. 

William Mustard, 1777, Bottle-maker from Newcastle, Catherine Walton, 

his wife. 
William Deak, 1777 or Dalk, at the Glass-house, Finniestoun [1783]. 
Ralph Ash wood, 1778, Bottlemaker from Lancashire, Mary Young, his wife. 
Jacob Smith, 1779, at the Flint Glass-house at Finniestoun, from Newcastle, 

Eliz^ Rannison, his wife. 
Robert Fairfield, 1779, Bottle-maker at Dumbarton, from Newcastle, Mary 

Yardley, his wife. 
Samuel Elliot, 1779, Glass-maker at Finnieston, from Newcastle, Marg' 

Turnbull, his wife. 
Peter Verden, 1779, Glassmaker at Finnieston, Eliza Cook, his wife. 
Mathew Beatson, 1779, Bottle-maker, Barbara Eagleson, his wife. 
James Potts, 1780, at Finnieston Glass-works, Elizabeth Fachouder, his 

Thomas Green, 1780, Chrystal Glass-maker, from England, at Finnieston. 
John Harris, 1781, Chrystal-raaker, Mary Bucke, his wife. 
Thomas Holden, 1781, at the Glass-works, Dumbarton. 
William Mathews, 1782, at the Chrystal Glass-works, Finnieston, Eliz^ 

Russell, his wife. 
William Tweeddal, 1784, Chrystal Glass-maker, Ann Tissaac, his wife. 
William Barns, 1785, Chrystal Glass-maker at Finnieston, from London 

Mary Brown, his wife. 
Jacob Smith, 1785, Gallowgate Chr>'stal Glass-works, Eliz^ Ranny, his wife. 
Thomas M*Cuckly, 1786, Chrystal Glass-maker at Finnieston, and Margaret 

Meckysm, his wife, both from England. 
Timothy Pemberton, 1786, Bottle-maker, Jane Morrison or Murray, 1789, 

his wife, married at Bishop Weirmouth 7th Oct. 1779. 
Thomas Barns, 1786, Chrj'stal Glass-maker, from England. 
Mr. William Geddes, 1786, at the Chrystal Glass-house, Margaret Cow, 

his wife. 
Mr. Henry Whitehouse, 1786, Chrystal-maker, Gallowgate, Catherine 

Beucher, his wife. 
John Hudson, 1787, Chrystal Glass-maker, Isobel Rutherford, his wife. 
William Hattell, 1787, Glass-house, Gallowgate. 
Mr. Evomy Evermay, 1788, Clerk to the Chrystal Glass-work, Mary 

Dawson, his wife. 
John Dow, 1788, Bottle-maker, Fanny Flaus, his wife. 
Anthony Strobach, 1788, Glass-engraver. 

Thomas Dark, 1788, Chrystal Glass-maker, Mary Craig, his wife. 
John Gilroy, 1788, Bottle-maker, Susanna Price, his wife, married at 

Clackmannan 2d Oct. 1787. 
Frederick Thomas, 1790, Chrystal Glass-maker, Sarah Chambers, his wife, 

both from London. 
Timothy Warren, 1793, Bottle-maker, Ann Shiplie, his wife. 
James Eagleson, 1794, Bottle-maker, Elizabeth Thomson, his wife, from 

Thomas Warrand, 1794, Bottle-maker, Agnes Fulton, his wife. 
John Warren, 1795, Bottle-maker, Mary Stirling, his wife. 
James Sykes, 1796, Bottle-blower, and Margaret Eaglesham. 
Thomas Henley, 1798, Chrystal-maker, Finniestoun, Jemima Blackwell, 

his wife, both from London. 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 



CLXXV. Douglas Family, — At a recent sale at Puttick & Simpson's, 
Leicester Square, London, was sold a Johnsonian letter of 
Francis Douglas, of * Abbotts Inch/ Scotland, dated loth July 
1775. ^^ any one inform me who was this Francis Douglas, 
to what branch of the Douglas family he belonged, and whether 
he had a son named Francis ? If so, what became of him ? 

Francis Douglas, of Abbotts Inch, appears by his letter to 
have been a literary man, as he alludes to either a book or a 
play he had written called * The Gentleman.' Further, I shall be 
glad if any one will kindly refer me to pedigrees or branches 
of the Douglas family wherein the Christian name of Francis 
appears, about 17 40- 1800. W. H. Cottell. 

Veolmbridge, Wood Vale, London, S.E. 

CLXXVI. Old Bronze Vessel.— 
This is a very rough sketch 
of a small bronze cup, found 
during recent excavations in 
Christ Church Place, Dublin. 
Can you inform me as to its 
probable use ? I am of opinion 
it is a measure, or perhaps for 
holding oil for anointing, etc. 
It is evidently of great anti- 
quity, and made of fine old 
bronze. Above sketch is about 
the size of original. 

Wm. Usher Clarke. 

CLXXVII. Campbells of Cawdor. — (i) Information desired as to the 
Campbells of Ardnahow, Islay, maternal ancestors of the late 
Sir Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde. Were they d rectly descended 
from the family of their chief, Campbell of Cawdor? and, if so, 

(2) Did William Campbell of Tyrabolls, Islay, brother of 
Sir John Campbell of Cawdor, leave descendants? He married, 
firstly, Agnes, daughter of Hugh Rose of Kilravock, and relict 
of David Rose of Holme; secondly, a Miss Campbell. 

Kindly reply direct. Campbell Blair. 

Whallry House, Manchester. 


CXV. CuNNiNGHAR. — The piece of land upon which the City Hospital, 
Aberdeen, is erected was known as the Cuninghar Holes. (See 
Scottish Notes and Queries, January 1889.) 

In the Fromptorium Parvulorum it is spelt Connyngere. 

Digitized by 


94 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

In Halliweirs Archaic Dictionary^ a rabbit-warren is quoted as 
Conygartkcy from Palgrave. 

In Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary a quotation is given from 
the Scottish Acts of Parliament, 1494 — *That na man tak 
cunnyngis out of utheris cunnyngarthis.' (See Scottish Notts and 
Queries^ July 1889.) 

Cunning Garth, in the Lake District, is said to mean *the 
King's yard.' (See Canon Taylor's Words and Places.) 

George Frater. 


CXXIII. (vol. iv. p. 93) HousTOUNS OF FoRTROSE. — The following 
notes regarding the Houstouns of Ross, etc., may be of some 
assistance to * 2 ' : — 

The Rev. Thomas Houstoun of Inverness, who died upon 9th 
Feb. 1605, is regarded as progenitor of Northern Houstouns. 
He had a daughter Elspet, who married Wm. Robertson of 
Kindeace. He is said to have had a son John, minister of 
Wardlaw 161 1. This John married Elspet Fraser, probably of 
the Struy Family. Upon i8th May 1630 there is a bond by 
Thomas Fraser of Struy in their favour for 1000 merks. There 
is another bond by Struy upon 26th June 1640 for 2000 merks, 
while in June 1643 there is bond by Struy in favour of *Mr. 
John Houstoun as Tutor to Alexander and Isobel Houstoun, 
his lawful bairns.' 

In 1662 there is Rev. James Houstoun, Rector of Kirkmichael 
and Culliludden. His paternity is unknown to me. He mar- 
ried and had : — 

1. George. 

2. David. 

George Houstoun, merchant of Fortrose, married (contract 7th 
April 1 7 10) Hendrat, eldest dau. of Dr. Alex. Inglis of Nairn, 
by his wife Jean Urquhart. The tocher is 500 merks. On 
ist March 1726 Robert Backs disposed to them certain lands 
within Fortrose and Rosemarkie. Their eldest son, 

Alexander, afterwards Provost of Fortrose, married . 

He had a disposition from Adam Gordon of Ardoch 
of certain burgh lands upon 27th January 1755. He 
died 2d October 1767, and left four daughters, 
viz. : — 

(i) Janet, married Rev. Alex. Wood of Rose- 
(ii) Catherine, m. Rev. John Urquhart of Feam. 
(iii) Alexandrina, m. Rev. Jas. Smith of Avock. 
(iv) Ann, m. [? Capt. Ken. Mackenzie of 78th 
The Rev. Thomas Houstoun of Boleskine, 1647, was probably 
grandson of Rev. Thomas of Inverness. Upon a tombstone in 
Boleskine churchyard, bearing the Houstoun and Fraser arms 
quartered, is the following inscription: — *This stone is placed 
hier for Master Thomas Houstoun, minister at Boleskine, and 
Marie Fraser, daughter to Al. Fraser of Erechit, his spouse, who 

Digitized by 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 95 

departed the 15th day of March 1681 — and he departed the 4th 
of Februar 1705/ 

* Hier we lye asleep, 

Till Christ the world surround. 
This Sepulchre we keep, 

Until the Trumpet sound.' 
They had :— 

1. Thomas {see below). 

2. A son who married , and had William of Drumy- 

ample {see post). 
II. Thomas, married Janet Mackintosh, dau. of Mackintosh of 
Aberarder and had : — 

1. liliomd^ {see below). 

2. Hugh Houstoun of Meikle Ferry {see post). 

III. Thomas Houstoun, married first Jane MacBean, and had : — 

1. Dr. Simon, d.s.p. 

2. Mr. Lewis {see post). 

3. Jane, d. unm. 

He married secondly Christian, dau. of John Gray of Overskibo 
and had : — 

1. John, d. at . 

2. Hugh, m. Creagan, sister to the Bishop of Sodor 

and Man. 

3. Alexander, d. unm. 

4. George, d. in Jamaica. 

5. Ann, m. John Ross of Invernauld. 

I V. Mr. Lewis Houstoun, son of Thomas, married his cousin Jane, 

daughter to Hugh Houstoun, and had : — 

1. Mr. Hugh, d. in Demerara, s.p.l 

2. James, d, y. 

3. Alexander, d. in West Indies, s.p.l 

4. Arch. Montgomery, d. in London. 

5. Thomas of Creich {see belo7v). 

6. Jane, m. (8 April 1806) Mr. William Grant of Tain. 

V. Thomas Houstoun of Creich, Tacksman of Kintradwell, etc., 
married his cousin Mary Houstoun, dau. to Hugh Houstoun of 
Creich, and had : — 

1. Mr. Lewis, m. (Enesina Reed, dau. of Gabriel Reed, Esq., 

Gordon Bush (dead). 

2. Hugh, ma. Miss Mitchell (dead). 

3. Major William, ma. Katharine, dau. of Ralph Reed, Esq., 

Skelpaig. Resides at Kintradwell. 

(2.) Jane, m. Ellerington Reed, her brother-in-law. 
Hugh Houstoun of Meikle Ferry, second son of 'Fhomas H. married 
Catherine, daughter of John Gray of Overskibo, and had : — 

(3.) Ann, m. Hugh Ross, Esq. of Knockbrake. 

1. John, d. y. 

2. John, married and had a son Simon. 

3. Catherine, m. 

4. Ann, m. Hugh Houstoun of Creich. 

5. Jane, m. Lewis Houstoun IV. 

6. Isabella, m. Andrew Davidson, Overskibo. 

Digitized by 


96 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

7. Christian, m. Rev. J. Campbell, Jamaica. 

8. Margaret, m. Hugh Davidson, Rosebank. 

9. Rebecca, m. Hugh Macpherson, Brora. 
10. Mary, m. George Mackay of Tordarroch. 

William Houstoun of Drumyample m. Catherine Fraser, dau. to Hugh 
Fraser of Keppoch, and had : — 

1. Thomas. 

2. Alexander. 

3. William. 

4. Hugh of Creich (see helmv), 

5. Elspet. 

Hugh of Creich, d. 19 March 1825, m. Ann, dau. of Hugh Hous- 
toun of Meikle Ferry, by whom he had : — 

1. Hugh. 

2. Lieut. William, of yistRegt., d. 5 May 181 1. 

3. Catherine, m. Chas. Monro of Allan* 

4. Mary, m. Thomas Houstoun of Creich. 

5. Jane, m. Hugh Ross of Knockluke. 

The foregoing notes relative to descendants of Rev. Thomas Houstoun 
of Boleskine are from an old ms. pedigree. D. Murray Rose. 

CLVIII. Old Trade-Mark. — There is some similarity between the 
above described by your correspondent * E. B.' and certain 
marks, described as Masons' Marks, on the pulpit of St. Stephen's 
Church, Vienna. (See The Builder, October 10, 1863.) 

George Frater. 

CLIX. A Broken Cross. — 'E. B.' does not state what the other 
figures on the tombstone are ; they possibly might give a clue to 
the above. The following might be consulted on the subject : — 
* On Certain Marks discoverable in the Stones of various Build- 
ings erected in the Middle Ages,* by George Goodwin, Jun. 
(See Archceologiay vol. xxx.). And in Arckaoiogia for 1852 a 
paper by Mr. Patrick Chalmers, F.S.A., with new examples of 
Masons' Marks from Scotland. George Frater. 

CLXn. Scottish Surnames. — See A Short Introduction to the Origin of 
Surnames, by P. Dudgeon (Edinburgh : D. Douglas. 1890). 
Also ' Macs ' in Galloway, by the same author. See Banffshire 
Year-Book (Banffshire Journal Office, 1891) for very complete 
lists of fishermen, etc. See article on * To-Names ' in Scotsman, 
9th September 1889 (a copy of which I can send Mr. Frater for 
perusal). I presume Mr. Frater is acquainted with the following, 
although not distinctively Scottish : — Lordan's Of Certain English 
Surnames \ Lower's English Surnames ; Article on Surnames in 
Cornhill Magazine, April 1868 ; Long's Personal and Family 
Names ; Bardsley's English Sm-najnes. W. Cramond. 


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Northern Notes and Queries 






Diaiy of the Rev. John Hunter, 
Shetland, i734-i74S» • • • 97 

Monumental Brass of John Beton, iia 

Petition of Royalist Officers, . .113 

Orkney Folk Lore, • "5 

Proclamation by John, Earl of Mar, 121 

Betrothal and Marriage, 

The Scots in Ulster, 

Sailor*s Costume in 1693, 

Seal of Bishop Stephen of Ross, . 

Rebel Prisoners at Inverness, 

Price of Glass in 1686, ... 

Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edin- 
burgh, ...... 

Records of the Monastery of Kin- 



Arabic Numerals, • 
Petition of John, Earl of Dundee, 
Notes on the Family of Urquhart, 
Garter Medal 135 





408. Letter from David Hume, . 

409. Seals of Bishop of Caithness, 
41a A * No Popery* Petition, 1779, 
411. Ross Family, 


. 13s 

• 137 

. 138 

. 139 


CLXXVIII. Stratheam Lennoxes, . 139 

CLXXIX. Old Proverbial Expression, 139 

CLXXX. Chiefs of Clans. . • 139 

CLXXXL Sir James Murray, . 140 

CLXXXII. 'Wude Willie Grime,* . 140 


L&XXXn. Grahame of Mote. . . 140 

XCL Bennet Family, . . 140 

CLXIX. William Dunbar. . . 141 

CLXXIV. Early Scottish Weavers, . 14a 

CLXXV. Douglas Family, . . 143 

Notices of Books, . . .143 

Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors, 

All Communications to be sent to the Editor of^ The Scottish Antiquary^ 

The Parsonage, Alloa, 

391. Diary op the Rev. John Hunter, Episcopal Minister in 
Shetland, 1734- 1745. — Through the courtesy of John Bruce, Esq. of 
Sumburgh, owner of the ms., we have been enabled to print for the first 
time the curious and interesting Diary of the Rev. John Hunter, who, 
until the opening of St Magnus Church in Lerwick, in 1864, was the last 
Episcopal clergyman in Shetland. 

The Diary is a small octavo volume of 82 pages, consisting of entries 
ranging from 1734 to 1745, of Baptisms, Marriages, and Accounts, mixed 
up confusedly, but which, for the sake of distinctness to the reader, have 
now been arranged in the print in ordef under their proper heads. It 
is thus riot a Diary in the ordinary sense. It contains no references to 


Digitized by 


98 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

current life in his own district, or to public events, no revelation of his 
sentiments on any question, civil or religious, but is merely a bald record 
of certain portions of his ministerial work and of his private accounts. It 
shows the almost fugitive character of the position of the ' tolerated ' Epi- 
scopal clergy in some quarters of Scotland at the time, and the scattered 
nature of the flock to whom the author ministered. 

Some of the entries, in reference to many well-known families in Shet- 
land, are of considerable interest to the local historian and genealogist. 
The marriage of Mr. John Skinner, then tutor to the family of Sinclair 
of Scalloway, author of * TuUochgorum ' and other poems, to the author's 
daughter Grizell, is recorded on 12th November 1741. A son of this 
marriage was Dr. John Skinner, Bishop of Aberdeen, whose son William 
Skinner, D.D., succeeded him as Bishop of that diocese, and Primus of 
the Scottish Episcopal Church, and jlied in 1857. 

The Accounts, sixteen in number, are curious as showing the amount 
and manner in which he received his stipend or ' encouragement,' each 
person being debited with a certain sum, the amount apparendy of the 
agreed-upon annual contribution for his support, and then credited with 
so much as was received in kind, to which in many instances the values 
are appended. The prices of the various articles, as then current in 
the Islands, are a curious illustration of the economic conditions prevailing 
at the time. 

Of Hunter himself not much is known. He may possibly have been 
a cadet of the Lunna family. He first appears on record in a letter by 
Bishop Rose to Bishop Falconar, dated 21st March 17 15, recommending 
him to be admitted to the order of priesthood. He does not appear to 
have been so admitted, and he soon thereafter went north to Shetland. 
On i6th August 1734 he sailed from Whiteness for Fraserburgh, and on 
the 28th of the same month was admitted to the order of deacon, probably 
at Aberdeen. 

He thereafter returned to Shetland, and on sth November following 
he performed his first baptism. He was at this time a man of at least 
middle age, and had been married for some time. The births of three 
of his children are given in the Diary. 

His time seems to have been spent largely in visiting his people in 
different parts of the country ; but his permanent residence was at Sumra- 
garth, in the parish of Dunrossness, to which he removed in May 17 41 9 
as appears from a casual entry in his accounts. He seems to have had 
a small chapel, dedicated to St. Barnabas, the site of which, it is thought, 
may have been about the village of Tolb, in the same parish of Dunross- 
ness, See footnote, page 104, 

He continued to minister to such as were of his communion down to 
his death in the year 1761 ; and on the 29th of October of that year his 
widow was granted an allowance from the Clergy charity fund, and in 
1782 his daughter received some relief from the same source. 

He was the author of a poem called * Laxo's Lines,* written about 
1720, on the model oi Hudibras^ treating of certain local scandals of his 

The east window of the Episcopal Church at Lerwick has been filled 
in with stained glass to his memory. 


Carrick Pursuivant. 

Digitized by 


or, Northern Notes and Q74eries, . 99 

Diary of Rev. John Hunter, in Zetland, 1734-1745. 

August 16, 1734. Mr. John went from Whiteness to Frasersbrough in 
ye Diligent Wm. M 'Kindly, Mr. \i.e. Master]. 
August 28. Put in Deacon's orders. 


1. June 23, 1735. Married Yaocom Sinclair and Margaret Lesk at 


2. Novr. 4, 1736. Married Peter Williamson and Catherine FuUertone 

at House. 

3. Deer. 2, 1740. John M'Intosh, mert [Merchant], married to Mrs. 

Jean Sinclair, sister to Alexr. Sinclair of Brow at Whiteness. 

4. Novr. 5, 1741, Scalberry. Henry Jameson & Ursella Gilberts daur., 

in Rerewick, in the Parish of Dunrossness, were married. 

5. Sumbroughgerth, Novr. 12, 1741. Adam Davidson and Catherine 

SwentoD, in Scatness, were married. 

6. Sumbroughgerth, Novr. 12, 1741. Mr. John Skinner, Chaplain at 

House, & Grizell Hunter, lawll. daur. Mr. John & Christian Hunter, 
were married. 

7. Feby. 4, 1742. Charles Leslie & Marion Sinclair were married at 


8. July 6, 1742. Alexr. Innes (Physician) & Elizabeth Pitcaime were 

married by Mr. Hunter. 
9 & 10. Novr. 25, 1742. Wm. Sinclair & Marion Hacro; George 
Williamson & Marion James daughter, were married at Sumragerth. 
William Sinclair in Bigtoun, and Geo. in Rerewick. 

11. Jany. 20, i74§. Magnus Mouatt & Barbara Jonson were married at 


12. Feby. 16, i74f. Hans Smith & Marion Sutherland were married. 

13. Feby. 16, 174I. John Lesly & Anne Aiken were married at Sumra- 


14. Sumragerth, April 14, 1743. William Nicolson, alias 'blind Willie,' 

and Grissel Ratray were publickly married. 

15. Fair Isle, July 17, 1743. Robert Sinclair, Laird of Quendall, & 

Mrs. Jacobina M'Kenzie were married. 

16. Houss, Deer. 6, 1744. Jerom Umphray & Barbara Nicolson, in 

Burra, were married. 

Children Baptized by Mr, John Hunter, 

1. 1734, Novem. 5. Ro. Bruce of Sumburgh his son called Laurence. 

2. Novem. 14. Laurence Tulloch, mertt. [Merchant] in Whiteness, hade 

a son baptized called Alexr. 

3. December 4. Jo. Reid, mertt. in Lerwick, hade a son baptized called 

4- ^ 735» Augt 7. James Calder and Elizabeth Forbess in Wilsness, hade 

a son baptized called Robert Godfathers — And. & James Forbes. 

Godmother — Grissella Bruce. 
5. Sept. 8, 1735. James Sutherland & Anne Brown in Lerwick, hade a 

son baptized called James. Godfathers — Geo. Fenton & James 

Brown. Godmother — Mrs. Wilson. 

Digitized by 


lOO The Scottish Antiquary ; 

6. Novr. 30, 1735. Robert Bruce of Sumbrugh, and Alice Dammahoy,* 

his spouse, hade a son baptized called John. Godfathers— Ja. 
Scot of Gibliston & Robert Sinclair of Scalloway. Godmother- 
Madam Fraser. 

7. Decem. 7, 1735. Ro. Mouatt in Scatness, & Barbara Sinclair, his 

spouse, hade a son baptized called Robert. Godfathers — ^Ja Scot 
of Gibliston, Rob. Dick of Fracafield,* Ro. Sinclair of Scalloway, 
Ro. Bruce of Sumbrough. Godmother — Lady Scalloway, etc. 

8. Deer. , 1735. Robert Dick of Fracafield, and Jean Dickson, his 

spouse, hade a daughter baptized called Frances. Godfather— Ra 
Sinclair of Scalloway. Godmothers — Mrs. Peggy Pitcaim & Mrs. 

9. Deer. , 1735. Mag. Vedar and Marg. Murray hade a daughter 

baptized called Marjory. 

10. Dec , 1735. Geo. Mouat & Mag. RoUo hade a son baptized 

called Abraham. Godmor.--Mrs. Wilson. Godfa. — Ja. Sutherknd, 
Francis Gray. 

11. Apr. 28, 1736. Yocom Sinclair & Mag. Lesk in House had a son 

baptized called James. Godfather — Mr. James Scot. Godmother- 
Lady Scalloway. 

12. Apr. 29, 1736. Laur. Bruce of Braewick, & Anna Nicolson, his 

spouse, hade a daughter baptized called Jannet. 

13. Apr. 30, 1736. Mr. Jo. & Christian Hunters hade a son baptized 

called Robert Godfathers — Ja. Scot, And. Dick of Wormidale. 
Godmother — Lady Giblistone. 

14. May 19, 1736. James Forbess and Jannet Halcrow in Skelbeny 

hade a son baptized called John. Godfathers — And. Forbess, his 
father, & John Morison in Bigtoun. Godmother — Elizabeth 
Forbess, spouse to James Calder. 
15.. Aug. 2, 1736. James Calder and Eliz. Forbess in Wilsness hade 
a son baptized, called Andrew. Godfather — ^James Forbess in 
Skelberry. Godmother — Ann Lesly in Sumbrough. 

16. House, Septr. 12, 1736. William Banerman, alias , 

and , hade a daughter baptized called 

Catherine. God F.— Ro. Sinclair of Scalloway. G.M.— Phil. 
Damahoy,' his lady. 

17. Scalloway, Septr. 17, 1736. James Bizet and Marg. Strong, his 

spouse, hade a son baptized called David. G.F.— James Scott of 
Gibliston. G.M. — Lilias Scott, his sister. 

18. Octr. 13, 1736. Ro. Dick of Fracafield, Esq., and Dickson, 

his spouse, hade a son baptized called Charles. G.F. — Laur. 
Bruce of Braewick and And. Ross, chamberlain \ G.M.— Mrs. 
Greig, alias Susan Dick, spouse to John Greig, ship mr. in Zetland 

19. Alexr. Innes, Dr. of Phisick, and Barbara Scott, ^ his spouse, had a 

* Daughter of Sir John Dalmahoy, Bart. , of that Ilk. 

' The family of Fracafield, descended from Captain Andrew Dick, a son of Mr. John 
Dick, fiar of Braid, who was appointed Steward Principal and Chamberlain of Orkney 
and Shetland in 1669. The estate was sold by Charles Dick in 1774. In 1821 his son, 
Major William Dick, was served heir-male of his ancestor. Sir William Dick of Braid, 
and styled himself a Baronet (never recognised by Burke). His grandson. Sir Charles 
William Hookoday Dick, was in destitute circumstances, and the family is apparently 
now extinct. 

> Philadelphia Dalmahoy, a daughter of Sir John Dalmahoy, Bart. 

* Daughter of John Scott of Melby, and widow of Hector Scott of Scotshall. 

Digitized by 


or, Nortfiern Notes and Queries, loi 

daur. baptized called Lillias. G.F. — James Scot of Gibliston. 
G.Mo. — Lillias Scot, his sister. This was done Octr. i8, 1736. 

20. Novr. 7, 1736. in Burrow, hade a son baptized 

called John. G.F.— -Ro. Sinclair of Houss. G.M.— Phil. 
Dammahoy, his lady. 

21. St. Andrews, 1736. James Sutherland & Anne Broun hade a son 

baptized called Robert. G.F. — Francis Gray and Ro. Farqr., 
merchants. G.M. — Marg. Ross, alias Mrs. Craigie. 

22. Scalloway, Jany. 20, 173^. John Scott of Valley, and Elizabeth 

Mitchell,^ his lady, hade a son baptized called John. G. F. — Robt. 
Sinclair of Houss and James Scott, brother german to the s