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wa.q unanimously 

Vb_^UULlb^ t y~rt-tA*-^-&- 

^n* 387 

January 20, 1927. 

Miss Mary Thornton, 

Carolina Collection, 

The Library, 

University of North Carolina, 

Chapel Hill, N. 0. 

Ky dear -Mi 86 Thornton: — 

Some time ago "both Mrs. Edwin C. Gregory, State 
Regent of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and Mrs- William 
IT. Reynolds, chairman of the North Carolina Women's Committee for the 
Sesqui-Centennial in Philadelphia, asked me to answer their requests 
from you for material about the Moore's Creek battleground celebration 
and North Carolina's part in the sesquicentennial. 

Both for lack of time and lack of material I have 

neglected these requests until now. 
I can get together at 

I am sending you as much copy as 
this late date, mostly from my files. Had I 
known at the times of the events that you would want material, I 
could have sent more. As it is, I am afraid that the enclosed 
clippings will be worthless. I am sorry. Do you know that already 
it seems impossible to obtain copies of the best newspaper accounts 
of the Moore's Creek battleground proceedings? That shows the need 
for just such work as you are doing. 

If I can be of any further service to you for 
either Mrs. Gregory or Mrs. Reynolds, pleaBe call upon me. Pardon 
the delay. I hope that the enclosed will be of some little good. 

Very truly yours, 



The chief marker on the battle- 
field was erected in 18'57, a simple 
rownstone shaft on a low, sandy 
luff by a deep, wide creek. One 
Ide bears the name of Lllllngton, 
,-hile opposite is the name of Cas- 
well, the two patriot leaders of the 
lattle. On its western face is this 

"In commemoration of the bat- 
le of Moore's Creek Bridge, fought 
lere February 2'7, 1776. The first 
victory gained by the American 
irms In the war of the revolution." 

On the fourth side la the follow- 

•TTere He the remains of Private 
John Grady, of Duplin county, who 
fell bravely fighting for his coun- 
try — th e first martyr In the cause 
of freedom In North Carolina, and 
the only whig killed in the battle." 

The battle of fiMoore's Creek 
Bridge was of much importance not 
only to North Carolinians but also 
to the other colonies of America. 
Besides frustrating Kink George's 
expectation of enlisting aid from 
the Highland settlers, breaking the 
morale of the loyalists and prevent- 
ing the planned invasion of the 
colony, the victory occurred, at the 
psychological moment to aid greatly 
the cause of Independence and free- 

After Governor Joslah Martin, 
the last royal governor of the prov- 
ince, had fled from the Tryon palace 
capltol in New Bern to Fort John- 
ston, of Wilmington, on the coast, 
and thence to the sleep-of-war Crui- 
ser, he endeavored to rally Scotch 
Highlanders In the valley of the 
Cape Fear river. 

T>onaId McDonald, hero of Cullo- 
den and Bunker Hill, advocated the 
king's cause in the section. Hun- 
dreds of torles came to the royal 
standards. Allen McDonald, hns r 
band of Flora McDonald, of Bon- 
nie Prince Charlie and tory fame, 
and others assisted with the enlist- 

Plans were laid by the loyalists 
for the Invasion of North Carolina, 
one of the most important of the 
13 colonies. Tories, regulators and 
Highlanders in North Carolina, Lord 
Cornwallls and seven regiments of 
British regulars, with a fleet of 72 i 
vessels under command of Sir Peter 
Parker, and Sir Henry Clinton and 
L.orfl William C&mpTJell with 3.O-00 
x&miliur i* **<*•*■*» ■nldlfifn ware to .matt 


picnic dinner Tuesday at the battle- 

^Taet of the North Carolina leg 

EltUe'VMoo^^rkBrWpe. Feh-jtional park hy action of Confess 

Mr. Abernefhy's diu, lmc o«*.. . ~ 
gent, Mrs. Edwin C. Gregory, last 
winter requested the chairman of 
the D. A. R. resolutions committee 
to Incorporate in the conference re- 
port a resolution urging strongly 
the creation of the tract into a na- 







j> of 

the middle of 

In Wilmington durln; 
February, 1776. 

With playing bagpipes and flying 
colors, the Highlanders left Cross_ 
Creek, now the city of Fayettevllle, 
and marched towards Wilmington, 
to Join the expected British army. 
'Only about 1,6-00 stayed with the 
leaders, when it was heard that the 
royal troops had not then arrived. 

From various sections of t>e 
province the patriots rallied their 
forces. The 1,000 men were chiefly 
soldiers under Col. James Moore, 
of th© first North Carolina resi- 
de j ment In the Continental army; mln- 
di- nte men from New Bern and New 
be Hanover and militia from Craven, 
of Dobbfl and Bladen counties under 
Col. Richard Caswell; Duplin militia 
tn- under Col. James Kenan; a hun- 
of dred "volunteer independent yagers" 
**** from Wilmington, commanded byj 
'Col. John Ashe; and 150 minute 
men from Wilmington under Col. 
Alexander Dllllngton. 

Playing somewhat for time, Moore 
pursued the high landers, then di- 
rected Colonel Thackston, of the 
rn \ Hlllsboro district, and Colonel Mar- 
tin, of the Salisfburg district, to take 
possession of Cross Creek, to pre- 
vent possible retreat of the torles 
there. Caswell was ordered to cap- 
ture Corbet's ferry over Black river. 
Lllllngton and Ashe were sent ahead 
to take Moore's creek bridge. 

Advance orders were well carried 
out, and on the night of February 
26 attention was centered on 
(Moore's creek bridge. Trie torles 
had crossed Black river by raising a 
sunken flat and building a bridge 
and were reported to be on their 

Lieutenant glocumb, riding alone at 
night 65 miles to succor the wound- 
ed on this battleffleld. Her hero- 
Ism and seLf-sacrififce place her, 

ut~u „„ 4-v.~ «„„„« ~r >,tL-„,.„ rt „*rw&y to the creek en route to WI1- 
nign on the pages or history and ! » _+ 

should awaken In successive gen- i ng ^ on : .„„w^ji „«-**« „ „.. .«,.,*„ 
A « n *j A ~« +-,,„ n^t-i^ti™ „„;i i„,rt „# ■ An entrenched position on a sandy 

erations true patriotism and love of . ., . . .'r. n -J* * * iV . 

country" i elevation, about 100 yards frfom the 

Lire of fc] ; 

iM&tpCffl ' 

ntloji , an 

#jzz£tw north Carolina r 11, at tl - nton- 

ni«£ L*t«s li 

In oonnoction vi%fa tho plantl 

In f 

; Lag follofta smXbsss 

oloeelj? the exawple of ^'achirv milt n, 

each >f Tnhora planted 13 traee M I • ? to tJ >r « ®olenlee forcing 

the vo. 

;>eident ftaelMg and 'J.i I |h»n tx->sn invited 

to attend the oe rarncwra of I ilrteen 

lonlR" r ^iv^ft, b at ade 

f D «:iv I toil »J t.?eo i< 

vft] iven In honor o.f the die tin >ste i t 

t ilevue- hotel. 

vwramr and .v?o. W roeolv<Kl epae/i 

lnvi it to attend the exereitM am v« nor 

*vi i«k«4 tc . wnt Mrtii Carolina an 9 v&ts 

or '. .-■.•irony f plantlx ■, 1 . . •, iry, 

state recent, 9. . ., «hi«l) I t&e 

©rente, hae been ashed *■ fcf sam-ate* I national 001 

to e1 ae lecrti dina t : ■ 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

3- Teequi-^entennial 

r . . Mai Gardner and "rr. Clyde r?oey, of rhelby; Mrs. Charles 
, Thomai and !'rs. R. L. Leo, of '"aynoeville; Urs. R, B. Terry 
and re. J. Elwood Cox, of High Point; Mrs. B. L. 'c? go, of Sylvaj 
rr. Jefferson ronn, of eidsYille; Mrs. B. Frank lebano, r ...y; 
r . neorge Ragan, Qaotonla; re. Robert Cocil, Biltmorej 

. ~ry M. Bloop, Croesnore; Mrs. C. Felix I!arvoy, r !r., in ion; 
rr. Archibald Johnson, Thomacvillc; Mrs. Lou Fulmoro, '"ilson; 
rrs. a. v. ' mith, nikin, and Mrs. Poter Arrin.^ton, "arronton. 

. B. Oarraway 

j. for your city 
n^rn, Apr. 3. - The following women have 
been ar^ointed by Governor McLean as members of the ^tate committee 
for the ^eequi-Centennial International ^iponitlon, celebrating 
150 years of American independence, to be held from June 1 to 
erbor 1 in Philadelphia: 

?■-. ' llli . '"eynol'Ja, of "Innton-Salem, 
chain an; "esdamos Owen roon, burton Crai ■■■, Lindsay Patterson, 
aol Clay '"ill lame, Howard Ftondthaler, Charles A. Kent, Kenneth 
o ntcastlo, nalph nanes, Huber nanos, A/*new Bahnson, Carl Rarriaj 
Clement I anly, deorce T. Brown, o. Rich, and David n . Blair, and 
* isses Adelaide Fries and ' arbour, all of "?inaton- r alem; i 

Jenn "oltrane and Vxts. Joseph Cannon, of Concord; ? i. •■ ary Hilar 
ninton, ' i c velyn Lee, ?'r9. L. H. rahler, !'rs. Albert L. Cox, 
• rn. "rawford Biggs, Uxa. Kate urr Johnson and ffrc . ; if LnmoB, 
of Ralaigh) "re. iSdwin C. Gregory and i'rs. Edwin Overman, of 
Salisbury; Itrs, Cameron ?:orri r on, rr. Ralph vanLandiixghag, Era. 

R, A. Dunn, Ifri. John Pcott, Kra, Arthur draper, and irs Julia 
Alexander, of Charlotte; Kra, a. L. nrooks, Mrs. Bernard Cone nnd 
r . ^roadhur'rt, of Greenrboro; Mrs. T ". A. Dick, ' rs. "'alter 

~prunt and * rs. John D. Bellamy, of ffilalagtonj • rs. "ctray Battle 
rra. Fred "oeley am! M rc. George Gteveng, of Asheville; tot*. John 
Rfruat Hill and Kra, Jobn F, "Hey, of Durham*, I irr I ry **W and 

ir Gertrude Carraway, of New Born; 



ruary 21, 19-25, W»« -"£££ To 
MoLean was autfcorteed^to S^^ 


cost, the entire Da" u™i _ f Wnrth 

Occasion Will Be Sesqui-Cen- 
tennial of Engagement. 


Deed to Site of Crucial Battle 
Signed by Governor and De- 
livered to Atty. General. 

by Gertrude's, cakrawat. 

OmW BERN, Aug-. 14. — The ses- 
irao-centennial anniversary celebra- 
tion of the battle of Moore's Creek 
Bridge, commemorating the Impolt- 
ance of the "first American victory 
during the war of the revolution," 
to be held at the battleground on 
Tuesday, August 24, will be one of 
the most elaborate and colorful cele- 
brations of the kind ever held m 
North Carolina. 

The event is of particular state 
and national Interest because of the 
fafct that as a chief feature of the 
day's progTam the 30-acre tract of 
land In Pender county will be turned 
over by the state of North Caro- 
lina to the federal government for 
establishment as a national mili- 
tary P*wk, according to the bill 
passed by the last Congress and 
signed by President Coolldge. 

As an official representative of 
the war department, Hanford Mac- 
NTlder will be the chfef speaker at 
the exercises. As a representative 
of the patriotic organization that 
was most Instrumental in obtaining 
congressional action favoring the na- 
tion?! society of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution, v. ill also 
De a main speaker and honor guest. 
Representative Charles L. Aber- 
nethy, of New Bern, who sponsored 
the bill in Congress, will speak on 
the occasion. as will George ^ 
Moore, of Atkinson. President of the 
Moore's Creek Battle Ground asso- 
ciation, and General A. J. Bowley 
, commander at Fort Bragg. The ad 
dress of welcome will be made by 
Tudge J. D. Murphy, of Ashevllle, 
?o™erly of Pender ^county^ Sena- 
tor Lee Overman, who steered the 
measure through the senate, will be 

Pr Mrs%dwin C. Gregory of Salis- 
bury state resent of the Daughters 
ofOie American revolution, will 
preside over the program, which 
Sm been prepared under her super- 
vision, with the assistance of a 
Moore-s Creek Battle Crou n , ir Com- 

S!% e u e rn?ge A of R Parmvil.e is ichair- 
man Around 150 prominent citi- 
es' art honorary members of the 

-SteWmu-e. band -lection, vo* 
oal solos ,a chorus of eastern 
/Sna singers, a color squad, military 
escorts pages and other features 
w^l add variety to the Pr°^am 

JSTUSTd A^ srkte SU 
e^Cortec^ of the Flag, will 

Entertainment for Mrs. Brosseau 
on Monday night preceding the ,ce le- 

Se^Brch ^/^af nlgh^l 
o? amonT the outside social events 
nfann^d for the entertainment of the 
SI expected In the section for 

Go<vernor Angus 

■was ai 

eral g 


i was i' 

Carolina, to f e ^V, e " maintained as a 

c^rnm^Jl-f^Vfor u"s mtftflfen 

an09 - r v„ *>,« North Carolina 

As passed ^*« win" resolution 

essembly, the *°™ ™f gre ss of the 

rni«e P d e ^at e es durlng C thf spring of 

;k^soLTmo N ABOprrar,. ^ 

.^mierens, on February ^^ 

■ Moore s Creek rsnu b = 

cost, u" = - -i h . state of North 

to which was to the ** m _ 

eonto be maintained as a 
ings "'" ,,',,"_, nark, should the 
national military .P" K , aI1Q pro- 
government accept the giu. mt , lT%ten . 
vide appropriations 

at Moore s 

under the 

Carolina 1*0 ^^llexanier Ul- 
command of Colony torle9> 

lington, put to 1 """ 1 , Co ionel Don- 
under the command «w; w ^^ 
did McLeod, and 
North Carolina 1 




cause of 


was able to hold 

"heck 'the- torles within her bor- 

„„ ra; won ov^er to the eau^ ^ 

lorn many who " . a . s po wer; 
hack 'or fear of Fng^an " , rlt 

and so thorousWy that they never 
°< ! n e ranierin e North* Carolina to 
again rallied in ca use-, and 

the euPPert °*™\ T T ™ pa engaged in 
"Whereas, the troops ^ tl su _ 
this battle MletH.. g^, 
preine commander C 

M °Ter Oen "°naia MoTDonald, 
^ 8 enga°ged- m^fir^set m.U ; 



OT olS a1 "^ CTfouXt 
'^Tr^\ frfoP-f *«- war: 

senate (the 

^rt t he r r°efore.oen 
^e^oTrep^ese^atlves concur. 

** 5> That Moore's Cree* B.M.- 
m Pender county. «" rl " 

£ e federal Eovernment^ u _ 
»2. That a cony of tms 

lon be f °rwarded to each re _ 

vnd member of '£» £ou th(g 

ontatlve_s_ in Con re^ ^ ^ 



tate , with "", 7" legislation to 
eek M appropriate Ws 

JS ^e/S?«^ this m 

Abernethy intro- 

Rep«sentatlve^_- i] - ouae o( frepre 

duced a 

bill In the 

inversion of the 

visitors expected^ 

occasion. Between 5,0 OC I and 
10,000 persons are_expected to ^t 

tend the celebration 

exercises and 

picnic dinner 

Tuesday at the battle- 

^BTact of the North Carolina leg- 

,er,tatlves for the co..™^--^ m , u 
battleground Wo aj^ ^ 

tar, P"k -^crlcal section of 
rerred to the ni aepart- 

the war college ot no 

™ ent ' ^eUlnS "forth th"e reasons 
mlt a brief setting to erl0Ugn va ,ue 

rbe h ^^ed S °by the govern- 

^^rs°a n r« M r.A D « 


battle and Its > "gnu ff t Q f the 
; ,uded. **™]?%„^ v „\ event, of 

. America. Quotations frfom lead- 
ing national historians were given 
| about the battle. 

The war college decided, how- 
- , that the place belonged in the 

.i,9 general classification as did 
.a battlefields of Lexington and 
Conoord, of local Importance enough 
to have erected there some national 
monument, but not of enough na- 
tional Importance to warrant adop- 
tion as a national park. 

Refusing to be discouraged, Mr. 
Abernethy kept up his fight. He 
was positive of the battle's import- 
ance and the battlefleld's value from 
a national as well as a local stand- 
point, and he was determined to see 
that the Bite was given its just 

The Daughters of the American 
Revolution in North Carolina for 
some time had been Interested in 
the project. Without knowing of 
Mr. Abernethy's bill, the state re- 
gent, Mrs. Edwin C. Gregory, last 
winter requested the chairman of 
the D. A. R. resolutions committee 
to Incorporate in the conference re- 
port a resolution urging strongly 
the creation of the tract into a na- 
tional park by action of Congress. 

This resolution was unanimously 
passed at the state D. A. R. confer- 
ence held In March at Charlotte. 

At the thirty-fifth continental 
congress, D. A. R-, held in April 
in Washington, Mrs. Gregory se- 
cured the unanimous adoption of a 
resolution by which the National 
Society, D. A. R., sponsored the pro- 
ject and endorsed the North Caro- 
lina state conference resolution. 

With Representative Abernethy 
and with other members of the 
North Carolina Society, D. A. K„ 
Mrs. Gregory appeared at a hear- 
ing on the subject before the com- 
mittee on military afairs of the 
house of representatives on April 
21 asking that the park be estab- 
lished by federal law, according to 
the bill re-lntroduced In the house 
by Mr. Abernethy. 

Statements by Mrs. Gregory, Mrs. 
Anthony Wayne CooK, president 
general: Mrs. George De Bolt, his- 
torian general, Mrs. John Trigg 
Moss, chairman of the resolutions 
committee, N. S„ D. A R.. and oth- 
ers were published In the records of 
the committee on military affairs, 
with a favorable report by the com- 

.mlttee to the house. 


Subsequently the bill was passed 
by the house, providing for the es- 
tablishment of Moore's Creek bat- 
l tle ground as, a national military 
park Senator Lee S. Overman 
father of Mrs. Gregory, obtained a 
favorable report on the measure In 
the senate commission on library 
and procured Its passage in the sen- 
ate * 

An appropriation of $1,50-0 wis 
provided by the house for a sur- 
vey of the battlefield, to see what 
was needed on the tract. The 
amount was raised to $'3, 000 by the 
senate committee, through the In- 
fluence of Senator Overman, hut it 
was not Increased In conference, as 
It was decided that this sum should 
he sufficient for the purpose and 
1 that efforts should be concentrated 
later on obtaining satisfactory an- 
nual appropriations. K O t+i I 
The deed transferring the battle- 
eround from the state of North 
Caroline to the federal rovern- 
ment has been drawn by Assistant 
Attorney-General Frank Nash and 
has been forwarded to the attor- 
nev-general of the United States. 

The pen with which Resident 
Coolldge signed the bill was given 
to Mr. Abernethy. who on June if 
formally presented It to the na- 
tion* board of the Daughters of the 
\merlcan Revolution In session at 
Washington. It has been placed In 
the museum-of the D. A. R. memo- 
rial continental hall at Washlng- 


The battleground tract of 80 
acres to be adopted by the federal 
government on August 24 Is situa- 
ted half a mile from the town of 
Currle, Pender county, about V£ 
miles noithweet of Wilmington. It 
will be the only national park J 
that region. When connected with 
the state system of paved highways, 
as planned, it should become a pop- 
ular resort. 

On the site are several 


The chief marker on the battle- 
field was erected in 18'67. a simple 
"brownstone shaft on a low, sandy 
bluff by a deep, wide creek. One 
side bears the name of Lllllngton, 
while opposite Is the name of Cas- 
well, the two patriot leaders of the 
battle. On Its western face is this 

"In commemoration of the bat- 
tle of Moore's Creek Bridge, fought 
here February 27, 1776. The first 
victory gained by the American 
arms in the war of the revolution." 

On the fourth side le the follow- 

"Here He the remains of Private | 
John Grady, of Duplin county, who 
fell bravely fighting for his coun- 
try — the first martyr In the cause 
of freedom In North Carolina, and 
the only whig killed in the battle." 

The battle of HMoore's Creek 
Bridge was of much Importance not 
only to North Carolinians but also 
to the other colonies of America. 
Besides frustrating Kink George's 
expectation of enlisting aid from 
the Highland settlers, breaking the 
morale of the loyalists and prevent- 
ing the planned Invasion of the 
colony, the victory occurred, at the 
psychological moment to aid greatly 
the cause of independence and free- 

After Governor Joslah Martin, 
the last royal governor of the prov- 
ince, had fled from the Tryon palace 
capitol In New Bern to Fort John- 
ston, of Wilmington, on the coast, 
and thence to the sleep-of-war Crui- 
ser, he endeavored to rally Scotch 
Highlanders in the valley of the 
Cape Fear river. 

Donald McDonald, hero of Cullo- 
den and Bunker Hill, advocated the 
king's cause In the section. Hun- 
dreds of torles came to the royal 
standards. Allen McDonald, hus r 
band of Flora McDonald, of Bon- 
nie Prince Charlie and tory fame, 
and others assisted with the enlist- 

Plans were laid by the loyalists 
for the Invasion of North Carolina, 
one of the most Important of the 
13 colonies. Tories, regulators and 
highlanders in North Carolina, Lord 
Cornwallts and seven regiments of 
British regulars, with a fleet of 72 
vessels under command of Sir Peter 
Parker, and Sir Henry Clinton and 
Lord. William Campbell with 2,000 j 
xttgMlar Britlah ■oMUm war* be m— t ' 

in Wilmington during the middle of 
February, 1776, 

With playing bagpipes and flying 
colors, the highlanders left Cross,. 
Creek, now the city of Fayettevllle, 
and marched towards Wilmington, 
to Join the expected British army. 
Only about 1,600 stayed with the 
leaders, when it was heard that the 
royal troops had not then arrived. 

From various sections of t>e 
province the patriots rallied their 
forces. The 1,000 men were chiefly 
soldiers under Col. James Moore, 
of the first North Carolina resl- 

ments, as well as a pavilion. There ment in the Continental army; min- 
is a monument erected and dedl- ute men from New Bern and New 
cated to Flora McDonald and the Hanover and militia from Craven, 
British* one showing the location of Dobbs and Bladen counties under 
the old stage road between WU- Col. Richard Caswell; Duplin militia 
mington and Fayettevllle, and an- under Col. James Kenan; a hun- 
nthcr to Mary Slocumb, heroine of dred "volunteer Independent yagers" 
yUMurrn'm araalc tt.* ftr*t m niuinrn t f rom Wilmington, commanded by- 
Col. John Ashe; and 150 minute, 

to the women of the revolution in 

"To the honored memory of the 
heroic women of the lower Cape 
Pear during the American revolu- 
tion, 1775-1781," reads the western 
face of the Mary Slocumb monu- 
ment. On the southern side la the 
Inscription: 'Unswerving In devotion, 
self-sacrificing In loyalty to the 
cause of their country, their works 
do follow them and their children 
rise up and call them blessed." 

On the northern side is written: 
"Most honored of the women re- 
corded by this historical association 
Is that of Mary Slocumb, wife of 
Lieutenant glocumb, riding alone at 
night 65 miles to succor the wound- 
ed on this battleffleld. Her hero- 
ism and self-sacriflfce place her= 
high on the pages of history and 
should awaken In successive gen- 
erations true patriotism and love of 

men from Wilmington under Col. 
Alexander Llllington. 

Playing somewhat for time, Moor e 
pursued the highlanders, then di- 
rected Colonel Thackston, of the 
Hlllsboro district, and Colonel Mar- 
tin, of the Salls-burg district, to take 
possession of Cross Creek, to pre- 
vent possible retreat of the torles 
there. Caswell was ordered to cap- 
ture Corbet's ferry over Black river. 
Llllington and Ashe were sent ahead 
to take Moore's creek bridge. 

Advance orders were well carried 
out, and on the night of February 
26 attention was centered on 
tMoore's creek bridge. The torles 
had crossed Black river by raising a 
sunken flat and building a bridge 
and were reported to be on their 
way to the creek en route to Wil- 

An entrenched position on a sandy 
elevation, about 100 yards frfom the 

"bridge, had been occupied by the 
patriots. A breastwork waa thrown 
up at the crossing'. Part of the 
bridge was destroyed, the planks be- 
ing removed and the pine pole gir- 
ders being greased with tallow and 
covered with soft soap to make the 
crossing more difficult. 

Caswell artfully led the enejmy to 
believe that he was camping on the 
other side of the stream. Fires 
were left burning there. The ruse 
worked successfully. Early the 
nest morning Col. Donald MCLeod, 
who had taken the place of his sick 
commander. General McDonald, at- 
tacked what he supposed to be Cas- 
well's camp. 

iMcLeod courageously placed him- 
self then at the head of fa picked 
band of broadswordsmen to charge 
across the bridge. The opposite en- 
trenchment seemed abandoned and 
the leader presumed that the pa- 
triots had fled. With a shout of joy 
he called that the day was won. 
-Quickly he started the advance over 
the bridge. 

Shouting their battle cry, "King 
George and Broadswords," the tories 
were surprised by a voice calling: 

"Who goes there ?" 

"A friend," replied McLeod. 

"A friend to whom?" the other 

"To the King." was the reply. 

'Midway over the bridge they were 
surprised by the guns of the con- 
cealed patriots, who had been lying 
In wait until the highlandera were 
witJnin ftft mou. sum MattUu ri 

i broadswords, or claymores, were no 
match for the patriots' rifles. Small 
cannon on the breastworks swept 

ithe bridge. 

■- ■ 

The loyalist army was . completely 
routed. Colonel McLeod and the 
second leader, John Campbell, and 
numbers of others were killed. The 

tories fled in disorder. A flfank at- 
tack added to the defeat. Over 800 
prisoners, including Allen McDonald 
and later General McDonald, were 

Stores amounting to $100,000 were 
seized by the patriots. Trophies in- 
cluded 1,500 rifles, 350 guns and 
shot-bags, 150 swords and dirks, two 
medicine chests, 13 wagons and a 
box of guineas amounting to 15,000 

The only whig killed in the ac- 
tion was John Grady, a private. The 
victory was complete. Soon after- 
wards Cornwallis and Clinton 
reached the Cape Fear, according to 
appointment. Learning of the de- 
feat of the toriea, they sailed away 
to South Carolina, taking with them 
Josiah Martin. Hhus ended the first 
planned invasion of North Carollna. 
Not only was 'North Carolina 
saved for the American cause, but 
the tories were taught a potent les- 
son at a very, crucial period. Nev- 
er again did they attempt to com- 
bine forces for the king. Virginia, 
South Carolina, Georgia and other 
colonies were also probably saved 
frfom conquest at that time by the 
forestalling of the planned British 
campaign in North Carolina. 

The victory, too, was one of the 
chieff factors leading to the ulti- 
mate decision of the colony to pass 
the famous Halifax resolution for 

independence and freedom from 
England, so powerful in lis effect 
on the subsequent adoption of the 
federal declaration of independence. 

'The effect of the victory was as 
contagious as that of Lexington had 
been in New England," John Fiske 
writes in the first volume of his 
history of tfhe American revolution. 
"Within 10 days 10,000 militia were 
ready to withstand the enemy, so 
that Clinton, on his arrival, decided 
not to land. ... A provincial Con- 
gress was forthwith assembled and 
instructions were shot to the North 
Carolina delegates in £he continen- 
tal Congress, empowering them to 
concur. ... in declaring independ- 

"Moore's Creek was the Rubicon 
over which North Carolina passed to 
independence and constitutional 

selff-government," according to the 
historian R. D. W. Connor. "The 
whig leaders . . . approached In- 
dependence slowly, through a long 
process of development . . . Offi- 
cially North Carolina led the way 
with' the fifrst resolution adopted by 
any of the colonies authorizing their 
delegates In the continental Con- 
gress to vote for independence." 

Mrs. Bros3eau, National D.A.R. 
Head, Speaks at Moore's 
Creek Bridge Celebration 

ATKINSON. . C, Aug. 24. — INS— 
Scathingly condemning the "de-bunk- 
infe" of American history as an of- 
ense as heinous as to "wantonly de- 
stroy the myth of Santa Claus." Mrs. , 
Alfred J. Brosseau. of Greenwich, 
Conn., president general of the Na- J 
tional Society of Daughters of the | 
American Revolution, made a stirring . 
plea today for preservation of the j 
ip'iTit of '7 6. j 

The occasion of the denunciation j 
of the so-called realists "who main- [ 
fain that heroes of the past are be- I 
i ing clothed in false sentimentality," 
was the Moore'sCreek Battleground j 
sesqui-centennial celebration at which j 
the 30-acre tract was formally turn- 
ed over to the United States govern- | 
ment for the creation of a national j 

memorial park. 

"Right-thinking people," Mrs. Bros- I 
. seau declared, "stand for the same' 
j truth in history that they demand In i 
| the present where the issues of IH*1 

are involved, but I, for one, resent the ' 
I attitude of those who would ruthless- j 
fly tear the veil of illusion from tha- 
I eves of the young. To rob them of the 

exaltation of hero worship is just as 

cruel as to destroy the beautiful myth 

o-f Santa Claus. 

"Truth never has and never will be 
submerged beneath any halo of ro- 
mance or the grlamour of golden 
deeds, for intimate experience teaches 
life's fine distinctions. The memory of 
childhood's unclouded belief in hu- 
man perfection is the most precious 
thing that we can carry through the 
valley of disillusionment. 

"The significance of this year will 
be lost upon us if we fail to remind 
ourselves of our own responsibilities 
of citizenship. Fundamentally, gov- 
ernment is maintained through the 
will of the majority and to be of that 
majority and to insist upon its con- 
tinued, right to good government, is 
(he duty of every honest American 

citizen. ., 

"The great numbers of our so-call- 
ed intelligentsia are failing to take ad- 
vantage the privilege, which is a most 
lamentable fact, and if some day we 
awake to face a revolt against the old 
order, we, shall have no one but our- 
selves to blame. 

"At a recent celebration in New 
York City, the chairman of the occa- 
sion instructed that the Star Spangled 
Banner be played, but not sung, giv- 
ing as a reason thatifceertain of the 
verses might be deemed offensive to 

"Honor for honor, loyalty for loy- 
alty, consideration always for those 
less fortunate, the stretching out of 
friendly hands across the sea — so 
much may we offer with fine dignity 
and self-esteem but this Is not the time 
the elimination o words that weaken 
to attempt to placate any country by 
our declaration of fixed principles of 
independence and freedom. 

"Par better it is," she continued, "to 
use that same energy and influence to 
the end that our own government may 
be kept so safe and sane and sound, 
so far above reproach that no nation 
on earth will dare find fault with 
what we sing or say or do." 

"At this time, more than ever, 
should children be taught that next 
to the preseiwation of government 
and its institutions, and loyalty to its 
chosen leader, must the ideals of its 
founders bo cherished, declared Mrs. 

"We have lived in vain and have 
been poor observers of the passing 
show of life if we fail now to convey 
to the young builders of tomorrow the 
unalterable truth that such a splen- 
did, enduring foundation could have 
been reared only through sacrifice, 
courage, wisdom, a true vision of the 
: future, and — what is more important 
of all — a pure love of country." 

Calling the Old North, State the Al- 
,pha and Omega of the American Rev- 
olution, Mrs. Brosseau touched brief- 
ly on the history of Moore's Creek 
! Battleground. 

"As Hon. Charles Abernethy said 
1 when addressing the House of Rep- 
■ resentatives last May, it was not s'o 
much the spoils and the prisoners tak- 
en (in the battle of Moore's Creek), 
iOT even the inequality of numbers in 
the encounter that counted so much, 

as the fact that the first battle won 
at such great odds had a remarkably 
^stimulating effect upon the colonists. 
Not only was North Carolina strength- 
ened as to morale, but the word trav- 
elled far and wide In the course of 
time and doubting, troubled hearts 
were cosed " 

Plans For Tarheel Day 

At Philadelphia Made 
By Committee 

(By leased Wire) 

RALEIGH, N. C, May 21. — 
Governor Martin's famous procla- 
mation of 123 years ago calling 
upon North Carolina to celebrate 
the fourth of July, 1S03, the first 
State in the union to observe In- 
dependence day, will be among 
historical documents in a North 
Carolina exhibit at the Philadel- 
phia Sesqui-Centennial celebration. 

Plans for the State's participa- 
tion, set in motion at a meeting 
here today of the Women's State 
committee exposition, look to the 
maintenance here today of the 
historical exhibit and a North 
Carolina bureau of information. 

Besides, at least one of the 
State's historic military companieSj 
and possibly two others, will at- 
tend "Flag Day" exercises on June 
14 while a State chorus will 
participate on North Carnhna day, 
October 6, in the song-fest of 44 

. Thirty-five members of the 
women's committee, recently ap- 
pointed Vby Governor McLean to 
have charge of plans t\v North 
Carolina part in the exposition, at- 
tended the meeting at the Sir 

Walter Hotel today. Governor 
McLean and the heads of several 
State departments met with them, 
Mrs. Aubrey L. Brooks, of Greens- 
boro, presided in the absence of 
Mrs. W. N. Reynolds, of Winston- 
Salem, the committee chairman. 
Information Bureau 

The idea of the information bu- 
reau and historical exhibit met 
with the enthusiastic endorse- 
ment of the committee, and a fund 
of §10,000 will be raised to meet 
the expenses of operating the bu- 
reau from July 1 to October 1. 
Governor McLean and Mrs. Rey- 
nolds will appoint a sub -commit- 
tee to arrange for the finances. 
The Governor expressed the wish 
that the State might have had an 
appropriation available for the 
promotion of a State program, at 
the celebration, but the event was 
not projected until after the last 
Legislature had adjourned. 

He endorsed heartily the Idea 
of the bureau of information where 
literature, maps, and pictures 
showing North Carolina's progress 
might be displayed and distribut- 
ed. To form a historical exhibit, 
he suggested documents showing 
the part of North Carolina in the 
events leading up to the Declara- 
tion of Independence. 

Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston- 
Salem, announced that she was 
preparing an exhibit that would in- 
clude Governor Martina's famous 
proclamation of 1803. 

Adjutant General J. Van B. 
Meets nromised the co-operation of 
the National Guard and announc- 
ed that the Fayetteville light in- 
fantry had completed plans to at- 
tend the Flag day exercisas June 
14 and that the Charlotte com- 
pany and the Wilmington Light 
Infantry may participate. 

Charles W. Picquet, of Pine- 
hurst, appoint? d by the Governor 
some time ago to organize a 
State chorus, said that he was en- 
deavoring to interest several towns 
and cities of the State in a plan 
to send their youthful talent to 
Philadelphia. Fayetteville has al- 
ready arranged to finance a num- 
ber of young singers. 

Will Aid In Plans 

Co-operation in preparing data 
on North Carolina for the bureau 
of information and the historical 
exhibit was promised by the fol- 
lowing heads of State Depart- 

Commissioner of Agriculture. W. 

A. Graham; Mrs. Jane S. Mc- 
Kimmon, State home demonstra- 
tion agent; President B. C. Brooks 
of State College; State Curator, 
H. H. Brimley; Secretary R. B. 
Ho of the Histori" ' Commis- 
sion; Chief Engineer L. R. Ames, 
of the Highway Commission; and 
Director Wade. H. Phillips of the 
Department of Conservation and 

The committee members -res- 
ent were: Mrs. James A. Robinson, 
Durham; Mrs. S. Clay Williams, 
AVinston-Salem; Mrs. Charles A. 
Kent, Winston-Salem; Miss Mary 
Hilliard Hinton, -Raleigh; Mrs. J. 
Elwood Cox, High Point: Mrs. R. 

B. Torry, High Point: Mrs. H. A. 
Millie, High Point; Mrs. Edward 
K. Powe, Durham; Mrs. J. F. 
Wiley, Durham; Mrs. J. Crawford 
Briggs. Mrs- Jane S. McKimmon, 

Dramatic Events Led Up to Thrilling 


When the famous "Mecklenburg 
Declaration of Independence" was 
drawn up by Dr. Ephriam Bre- 
vard on the 20th of May, 177 5, 
which was a full fourteen months 
earlier that the Declaration of 
Independence at Philadelphia, 
Josiah Martin, the royal governor 
of North Carolina, fearing for the 
safety of ' himself and that of his 
family, at once began preparations 
for leaving New Bern. Sending 1 
his family to New York by sea, he 
went by land to ' Fort Johnston, 
which was at the mouth of the 
Cape Fear River, taking advantage 
of this -Journey to visi* the, Scotch 
settlement on the upper 'Cape Fear 
and to start the insurrection which 
ended in the battle o3 Moor^fs 
Creek Bridge. When Governor 
Martin reached Fort Johnson, he 
found it an unsafe place of retreat, 
so, in July, he boarded the sloop- 
of-war, Cruiser, which "was an- 
chored In the river below the fort, 
his escape was made in the nick of 
time as on that day, a party of Ave 
hundred lowalists, led by Colonel 
Ashe, burned the fort to the 

On the 20th of August, 1775, 
with Samuel Johnston as its presi- 
dent, the memorable Congress of 
Hillsboro met and destroyed the_ 
last vestige of royal authority 
which was practically put to an 
end when Martin fled to the Crui- 
ser. This flight, being looked upon 
as an abdication of royal govern- 
ment, the Congress at Hillsboro 
planned a provisional government 
by the people to take Its place, 
with Cornelius Harnett as its lead- 
er. Harnett was a man of e-duca-. 
tion and influence, and so dWoted 
a loyalist that he was called the 
"Samuel Adams of North Caro- 
lina." Every branch of the gov- 
ernment from that time was to be 
under the control of the people of. 
North Carolina, and the province 
'< was under what may be termed a 
self-imposed martial law. Imme- 
diate preparations for war were 
made, militia organizations effect- 
ed, drills ordered, the manufacture 
of arms, ammunition, cloth and 
other war materials provided for. 
The members of the Hillsboro Con-.j 
gress, which is also known as the | 
Third Provisional Congress, when i 
they deliberately put a government!! 
of the people in the place of a gov- 
ernment of the King, fully realized J 
that success meant freedom, and, 
that, on the other hand, failure 
meant submission to a. foreign gov- 
ernment; yet they went , bravely I 
forward in their fight for freedom, | 
not only in behalf of their own j 
State but also responding heartily | 
to the calls from Virginia and I 
South Carolina for help in crush- , 
ing insurrections in those states by | 
sending troops to their aid and ' 
thereby winning the good opinion 
of the Continental Congress. 

To the men who upheld the au- [ 
thority of the King and were op- 
poeed to any movement which \ 
would defend the colonies against | 
the royal government, the term ' 
"Tory" was applied; while to those-! 
who demanded that American 
commerce be free, and that no ; 
taxes be imposed upon the col- 
onies by Great Britain, the term, I 
"Whigs" was applied. The events 
which led to the "Battle of Moore's' 
Creek Bridge" are as follows: j 
Early in the year 1776 it was found 
that Governor Martin was still on j 
board the Cruiser, in the Cape ' 
Fear River, where he was being! 
closely watched by Colonel James 
Moore, who kept the First North 
Carolina Regiment in that section. 
1 In February it was rumored that a 
large body of "Regulators" and 
Scotch Highlanders had assem- 
bled at a place which, at that time, 
was called "Cross Creek," but is 
now the city of Fayetteville. A 
romantic interest surrounds this 
spot because it was the home of 
the beautiful heroine, Flora Mc- 

Donald and her husband, General 
Donald McDonald, both of whom 
were, quite naturally, devoted 
Torries, and did everything in their 
power to incite the insurrection 
against the Americans. Flora Mc- 
Donald had won the world's ad- 
miration by her heroic efforts to 
aid the unfortunate Prince Charles 
Edward, after his defeat at Callo- 
den. She bravely left her home 
and accompanied the disguised 
Prince, until .after many perils, 
he reached a vessel on the coast 
and escaped to his friends in 

It was said that a large fleet and 
an army of trained sailors and sol- 

l diers were on their way from Eng- 
land and that it was their inten- 
tion to lay seige to the town of 
Wilmington. So the members of 
the Scotch settlement at Cross 
Creek, under orders from Governor 
Martin, had armed themselves and 
were prepared to force their way 
across the country and join the ex- 
pected British army when it ar- 
rived. Governor Martin had 
promised them that the fleet would 
consist of ten thousand British sol- 
diers under the command of Lord 
Cornwallis and Sir Henry Clinton. 
He was confident that, with the as- 
sistance of the Highlanders, he 
could conquer North Carolina, and 
so put an end to the rebellion at 
the very beginning. The High- 
landers themselves numbered about 
two thousand fighting men, form- 
ing a rather formidable force. The 
Whigs, however, were on the look- 
out. General James Moore having 
collected a force of one thousand, 

- one hundred men, met the ap- 
proach irig Highlanders at Rock- 
fish Creek, where he fortified his 
camp and awaited their attack. 

Finding there was to be no attack, 
he sent Colonel Lillington and Cap- 
tain Ashe with two hundred and 
fifty men, to occupy the bridge 
over Moore's Creek, hoping to in- 
tercept the Tories, who were un- 
der the command of General Don- 
ald McDonald. 

Armed Whigs were assembling 
from different directions, and the 
Tories soon ■ realized that unless 
they managed to pass Colonel 
Moore, they would be surrounded 
and captured. McDonald was a 
skilled and experienced officer, but 
he was ill at the time ,and unable 
to lead his men personally, so they 
were led by Donald McLeod. Mov- 
ing his men across the Cape Feat- 
River, McLeod prepared to me r t 
Colonel Caswell and his command 
of eight hundred men who were 
coming up from New Bern. Has- 
tily joining Lillington, on Moore' 3 
Creek, Caswell artfully led the en- 
emy to believe that he was camp- 
ing on the same side of the river 
with him. On the evening of Feb- 
ruary 26, 1776, he left 'his fires 
burning, crossed the bridge In the 

-darkness, removed all the timbers 
of the bridge except a few girders, 
and took up a position in support 
of Lillington and Ashe, these offi- 
cers having already stationed 
themselves in the best place to 
prevent the passage of the Tories. 
In the darkness of the early 
dawn, on the 27th, Colonel Donald 
McLeod, having taken the place 
of his sick commander, Genera] 
McDonald, reached what, he had 
been led to believe was Colonel 
Caswell's camp. But his spies had 
been misled, and it was found that 
his enemies could be reached, only 
by crossing the bridge before him. 
The Highlanders were now either 
compelled to fij?;-,t, or give up their 
attempt to reach Wilmington. Be- 
ing too brave to give up, they pre- i 
pared for battle. So they were led i 
to battle by Donald McLeod. They I 
were well armed and in high spir- j 
Its. Their battle cry was: "King! 

*T"*.' ' . 

George and broadswords!"' The 
signal for the attack to begin was 
to be three cheers, followed by the 
beating of drums and playing of 
bagpipes. The prospect was ap- 
palling, but McLeod was brave, and 
putting himself at the head of a 
picked band of broadswordsmen, 
he charged across the remaining 
two logs of the bridge. . 

It was a dreadful moment when 
the waiting Whigs watched these 
dauntless Highlanders, who had 
l many time, broken the strongest 
lines of troops in Europe, prepare- 
to rush furiously upon them. But 
they were cool and self-possessed, 
and as fast as McLeod's men ap- 
peared on the bridge they were 
shot down by the deadly rifles of 
the Whigs. More ' than thirty of 
the bravest of McLeod's men fell 
into the creek. Colonel McLeod 
fell dead in his bold charge, 
pierced by many bullets. So ter- 
rible was the carnage that the at- 
tack was halted, and, as the Roy- 
alists wavered. Captain Slocumb, 
who .with his company, had 
crossed the bridge, attacked them 
on their flank. Panic stricken, the 
Tories fled wildly from the fatal 
bridge. The Whigs , followed in 
close pursuit,, but the victory was 
overwhelming. By the splendid 
strategy of the Whig officers, near- 
ly two thousand Royalists were 
defeated by eleven hundred un- 
trained Whigs. The victory was 
complete, the Whigs losing only 
one man. They captured eight 
hundred and fifty of the Highland- 
ers; including General McDonald, 
one hundred and fifty swords, one 
thousand five hundred rifles, fifteen 
wagons, with a number of horses 
and provisions, and one thousand 
five hundred dollars in gold. Dur- 
ing the entire war there was not a 
more complete victory. In spite 
of General Moore's strategy, which 
was brilliant in conception and 
daring in execution, it would have 
availed nothing had not North 
Carolina been prepared to put 
promptly in the field troops with 
the necessary munitions of. war. 
Some of the troops that took part 
in this campaign came from above 
Greensboro, in the West, and from 
i below New Bern, in the East. Yet, 
when brought together, infantry, 
.artillery and mounted troops were 
all engaged and all worked to- 
gether as smoothly as if the pro- 
vince had been accustomed to war. 
The wisdom of the work of the 
Congress at Hillsboro, during the 
■ previous summer and autumn, was 
thoroughly demonstrated by the 
conduct of the campaign, for with- 
out the use of railroad, steamboat 
or telegraph, the troops had been 
rapidly concentrated, and this, in 
spite of the fact that only three 
; months before North Carolina had 
[sent troops to South Carolina and 
[Virginia, to help in quelling insur- 
, rections there. 

The defeat of the Tories at 
i Moore's Creek Bridge put an end to 
[the schemes of Governor Martin, 
and had such a depressing effect 
upon the Highlanders and Regu- 
lators, that it was years before they 
gave and further trouble. Lord 
Cornwallis, to be sure, came into 
Wilmington with his army, but. 
hearing of the disaster, sailed 
away, after destroying the home of 
General Robert Howe. This was 
'the first British invasion of North 
; Carolina. 

Colonel Moore was promoted to 
general for his splendid skill in 
planning and executing this cam- 
paign, while Caswell, Lillington 
and Ashe, and the men of their 
brave commands, will always be 
honored for their success and brav- 

Mary Slocum's Ride 


Have you heard of the ride of Eze- 

kiel's bride. 
When she dreamed that her 

lover -was slain? 
Will ye list to a tale of the long 

Of a faithful wife through /weal 

and woe. 
From the red sand hills of 


Through a wintry night, by the 
flickering light, 
Of a fagot's dying glow. 
She dreamed of a field of fire, and 

Of a sullen stream that ran like 
blood — 
With the blood of friend and foe. 

And there by the side of that red- 
dening tide, 
Sore stricken and drenched with 
fai- form shattered by shot 
and shell, 
In the sable cloak that, she knew 
so well, 
Lay the lad. whose name she 

By the rising Sun she saw but one. 

And that ONE she dearly knew; 

For the dream ran true as the 

scene was laid; 
For only ONE was the price they 
For the forty and one they slew. 

Then she fervently prayed to her 
God for aid — 
For the courage to do and to 

When out of the night like a clar- 
ion call, 


The whinny of 
did "ill. 
On the h t 



the mare, 
Idnlght. air. 
on the 
she fled 

Nor the prayers of those who 
Can stem the tide of the rising 

As it floods the vale where the 
waters run, 
Where the hosts in armor lay. 


, bird o 
wings t 
To the 5t>i le i" . <_. 
To mount and a\. a., , -is the! tear 

drop start, 
With a deadly fear on her aching 

heart — 
i Away to the field of the deai" 

"Speed, Maggie, speed, for thy mass 

ter's in need," 
Cried Mary as onward they 

"By the light of my love, by the 

light of the stars, 
By the light in the West from the 

red planet Mars; 
O, What if my dream come 


"Speed. Maggie, speed; let my' life 
be the meed; 
There must neither be stop nor 
For the light in the East ts begin- 
ning to glow. 
And there's many and many a mile 
to go, 
And the Battle begins at day." 

But the kindly sky came yet more 
And in after years 'twas said. 
That there was a dip in the Milky 

And the Ellen Yards shone bright 
as day, 
On her fair and lovely head. 
But neither the speed of the flying 


Fo^ the Whigs of the East and the 

Scots of the West 

Have gathered on meadow and 


Where they wait for the glow of 

the Eastern Dawn, 
As the treacherous waters mur 
mured on. 

Bv the field of MOORE'S 

Have ye heard of the fray at the 
break of day, 
When the Highlander was strick- 
en and sore; 

When the men of McLeod found 
sheeting and shroud. 

And the Cross of St. Andrew was 
battered and bowed, 
In the bloody red waters of 

Will ye list to a tale of the Whig 

and the Gael, 
As my forefathers told it of 

yore — 
How they stripped the bridge 

where the hills divide, 
How brave JOHN GRADY fought 

and died, 
I y the blood stained waters of 


How McLeod and MacRae, at the 
dawn of the day. 
With Stewart and Campbell did 
How, they fought and fell for an 
oath they made, 
(With never, a dream of their 

plana betrayed,) 
With Murchison and McBrydel 

For into the Gael did the leaden 
Of the Duplin Rangers pour; 
And they sank beneath that bleed- 
ing stream, 
As they sang to MARY in her 
dream — 
They sank to rise no more. 

And there beside that rolling tide, 

With musket each in his hand. 

Brave men from the reaches of 

Goshen and Grove — 
Caswell and Kenan and Harrell 
and' Love 
In serried phalanx stand. 

While high on her seat, where the 
trenches meet, 
(Like a Goddess of Wrath she 

brazen throat 
Startles the answering hills re- 
As she belches Are and flood. 

And the clans of McLeod are 
shrieking aloud, 
And their widows are frantic 
with dread; 
For there on the shore of the 

River of Moore, 
Staring unsightly and clotted with 
Lie the sickening ranks of the 
(Continued on Page 7-D) 

But what of the men who had 
swept the glen, 
At the sound of the Reveille? 
Not one but swore at the muster 
call, _ . 

stand till the last red coat 
should fall — 
Forever, and for aye. 

Did I say all? — One name they'll 
call; . 

ONE NAME— 'twas the price 
they paid; 

For there on his bier, like a cap- 
tain dressed, 

With a Captain's sword on his hon- 
ored breast, 
JOHN GRADY was tenderly 

For Slocumb and Love, and the 
men of The Grove, 
Stand mute by the side of the 
As they sound a call on the bugle 

For the scattered bands in. the 
wood remote, 
Ere th^, last sad rites are said. 


But hark to the beat of the flyin; 

Of a red mare lathered and 

Lathered with foam, and with 

gasping breath, 
Running her last mad race with 

To the bloody red waters 


And who dares to ride, but Mary, 
the bride. 
Bespattered with dust and dew, 
As she climbs the crest of a scrag- 
gy hill 
Her eager voice calls loud and 
"O, God, has my dream come 

"O, What have ye done to this 
noble son, 
Ye stalwart men of the Grove? 
Though I see the cloak on the 

bloody sands, 
The cloak that I made with my 
own frail hands — 
The sword is the sword of Love!" 

Like a wilted Rose when the East 
■wind blows, 
She dropped to the dead man's 

She struck the cap from the with- 
ered eye, 

And rose with a wild and startled 
cry; — 
Twas brave J ohn Grady she 

Then out of the mist, like a phan- 
tom, I wist, 
Stood Ezekiel; but coatless he 
As he fondly pressed to his throb- 
bing breast 
The woman he loved, and who 
loved him the best. 
Who sobbingly called his name. 

So, the riddle is read on the field 
of the dead, 
(And 'twas handed from father 
to son: — ) 
When the fatal shot from the 

bridge was sped. 
And Ezekiel saw that his friend 
was dead, 
He laid his cloak on John. 

So they buried John, with his har- 
ness on. 
Where the Cape Fear gently 
With his captain's sword they laid 

him down. 
In Ezeklel's choicest cap and gown, 
But the spot no mortal knows. 

Then Mary returned to the hills of 
With her lover so gallant and 
And there by the road 

sod and dew, 
They sleep the sleep as we all must 
do — 
Waiting the Judgment day. 

I have told the tale as 'twas told 
to me. 
As 'twas handed from father to 
It may be false, or it may be true; 
Whatever its value, I give it to you. 
Good people, my story is done. 

Secretary MacNider to Accept 

30 Acre Tract to Be Made 

a National Park 

Assistant Secretary of War H. 
MacNider. former national command- 
er of the American legion, will ac_ 
cept the SO-acre tract of Moore's 
Creek battle ground in Pender 
county as a gift to the federal gov- 
ernment from the. state of North 
Carolina on August 24 for conversion 
into a national military park, in ac_ 
cordance with the recent legislation 
of congress. 

Mr. MacNider will be introduced 
by Gen. A. J. Bowley, commander of 
Fort Bragg, who will attend with a 
post band. Representative C. L. 
Abernethy, who sponsored the park 
measure through the house of rep- 
resentatives: Senator Lee S. Over- 
man, who steered the bill through 
the senate, and Geogge J. Moore, 
president of the Moore's Creek Bat- 
tleground association, will also be 
speakers on the occasion. 

Mrs. Alfred J. Brosseau, president 
general of the national society of the 
Daughters of the American revolu- 
tion, will be one of the chief speak- 
ers owing to the fact that the or- 
ganization of which she is national 
head, was largely instrumental in 
obtaining the favorable reports from 
congressional committees. She will 
be introduced by Mrs. Edwin C. 
Gregory. State Regent. D. A. R. 

Details of the program are being 
worked out by Mrs. Gregory and 
Mrs. T. C. Turnage, of Farmville. 
chairman of a special D. A. R. com- 
mittee for Moore's Creek Battle 
ground. All arrangements for the 
even are in their hands and the pro- 
gram promises to be one of the most 
coolrful and elaborate ever held in 
this sectio nof the state. 

Between 5,000 and 10.000 persons 
are expected to attend the exercises 
at the battlefield on August 24. In 
addition to the usual features for 
the annual picnic celebration on the 
Isite and the formal presentation of 
the deed to the federal government, 
the program will commorate the 

t50th anniversary of the battle of 
Moore's Creek bridge, which was the 
"first American victory won during 
1 the War of the Revolution." 

'neath the 


New Bern, Aug. 11. — An old Bible 
that was in the battle of Moore's 
Creek Bridge, owned by the Malpass/ 
family of Pender county, will be used 
for the invocation at the sesqui-cen- 
tennial celebration on August 24 at 
the battle grounds, at which time the 
site will be turned over to the Feder- ; 
al government as a National Military 
Park. The old. Bible fell over a buck- 
et of water from the vibration of can- 
non shots during the battle 150 years 
ago. It still shows the effects of this 
ducking, A number of other old rel- 
ics of the Revolutionary period will be 
on exhibition at the celebration. 


Arranged By D. A. R. Program 

Committee — Set For August 

24 At the Battleground. 

(Special lo Daily Kcws) 
New Bern, Aug; IT. — The program 
for the sesqiii-eenleniiial celebration 
at Moore's Creek battleground has 
been almost completed by Mrs. T. C. 
Turnage, of Farmville, chairman of 
the D. A. K. program committee, in 
charge of the events for August 24 
at the battleground, when the trac-; 
will be turned over to the federal 
government for establishment as a 
national park. 

Assistant Secretary of War Han- 
ford MacNidcr, Mrs. Alfred J. Bros- 
se-au, president general, K. S. D. A.JI., 
and Repesentative C. L. Abernethy 
will be the chief speakers of the 
day. Gen. a. J. Bowley will present 
Colonel MacNider and greetings will 
be brought by Senator Lee S. Over- 
man, ex-Governor Cameron Morrison, 
, Mrs. "W. O. Spencer, of Winston- 
Saelm. vice president general, D. A. 
R., Louis T. Moore, executive secre- 
1 tary of the Wilmington chamber of 
commerce, and others. 

The address of welcome wilt be 
made by Judge J. D. Murphy, of 
Asheville, with response by Mrs. C. 
M. Parks, of Tarboro, state vice re- 
gent, D. A. R. The salute to the 
flag, as the opening ritual will be 
led by Mrs. Frank Brandon Smith, 
of Charlotte, state D. A. R. chairman 
of the Correct Use of the Flag. Mrs. 
E. C. Gregory, of Salisbury, statt- 
D. A. R. regent, will preside over 
the exercises, which will be opened 
by George J. Moore, president of 
the Moore's Creek Battleground as- 



Many Prominent Figures, Men 

and Women, Participate In 

Exercises Yesterday 


Major-Gen. Hagood, of South, 
Carolina, and Brig. -Gen. 
Bowley Represent Gov't 

ATKINSON. N. C„ Aug. 24. — INS — 
Hope that from this day forward. 
North Carolina will recall from the 
four corners of the globe her sons and 
daughters to celebrate August 24, the 
anniversary of the Rattle of Moore's 
Creek Bridge, -was voiced at the bat- 
tleground near here today by Mrs. Ed- 
tvin C. Gregory, of Salisbury, State Re- 
gent of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, one of the principal 
speakers at the Sesqui-Centennial eel- ' 
ebration of the Battle of Moore's 
I Creek Bridge. 

"And," continued Mrs. Gregory, "as 

' in the golden future we make our 

pilgrimage here to renew our pledge 

of allegiance to our state, our country 

! and our flag, let us rededicate our- 

! selves to patriotic service. 

"As we turn back the pages of our 
state's history, reading there the im- 
perishahle deeds of hero patriots, we 
receive a profound and significant 
meaning Tt impresses upon us that 
there is in all the world no more glor- 
iou history than North Carolina's. 
Let us translate the meaning into our 
hearts and let our service to our state 
and home and country be such as to 
prove ourselves more worthy of our 
precious heritage. 

"Especially do I wish to call the at- 
tention of the Daughters of the Am- 
erican Revolution to that beautiful 
monument erected to the honor of 
Mary Slocumb, that patriotess of pa- 
triotism and heroin^ of North Caro- 
lina, the first monument erected in 
this country to a woman 1 of the Rev- 
olution . . ." 

The State Regent voiced the appre- 
ciation of the Daughters of the Rev- 
olution for the deference and cour- 1 
tesy w'hlch Representative Charles L.J 
Abernethy of New Bern, manifested | 
toward the society in his efforts to 
convert the battlefield into a national : 
memorial' park. 

Felicitating Representative Aber- 
nethy, Senator S. Ovrman, Pres- 
ident George Moore and others who 
aided in obtaining the passage of the 
bill in congress making Moore's Creek 
Bridge Battleground a national mem- 
orial park. Mrs. Gregory told briefly 
of the efforts to secure passage of the 
bill, and descrihed several historical 
incidents surrounding the battle- 
scarred field, the site of the first Am- 
erican victory in the Revolution. 

Historical Significance of Battle Recog- 
nized at Last as Throng Gathers 
to Hear Noted Speakers 

24 - — W> — Upward of 1 5,000 people 
from all sections of North Carolina 
gathered here today for the sesqui 
centennial celebration ot the battle 
of Moore's Creek bride* at which the 
30-acre tract of land comprising the 
revolutionary battleground was trans- 
ferred by the state of North Caro- 
lina to the United States government 
j f or the establishment of a national 
military park. 

Elaborate exercises were presented 
in the crowded pavilion under the 
direction of the Moore's Creek Bat- 
tleground association of which George 
J. Moore is president, and the North 
Carolina Society Daughters of the 
American Revolution, with Mrs. E. 
C. Gregory, state regent, presiding. 

Representing the fe-Je'ral govern- 
ment were Major General Johnson 
Hagood, of South Carolina, command- ' 
mg the fourth corps area at Atlanta 
and Brigadier General A. J. Bowley, 
commandant at Fort Bragg 


New Bern, Aug. 21. — Although 
the monument to John Grady, the 
only Whig killed in the battle of 
Moore's Creek Bridge, was u»i- 
veiled at a great celebration at 
the battleground on February 2 7, 
1857, although the centennial of 
the battle was observed fittingly 
in 1876, and although anniversary 
c-^ebrations of the battle were 
,often held, it was not until the or- 
ganization of the Moore's Creek 
Monumental Association in 18U3 
that regular work was undertaken 
systematically for the proper pre- 
servation and care of the battle- 
field and for the reviving of in- 
terest in the historic spot. 

For some time the greater part 
of the present 30-acre battle- 
ground tract was owned by a ne- 
gro named Jerry Simpson. Be- 
tween 1897 and 1907 the property 
was acquired in various pieces, at 
small cost, by the State of North 

The Moore's Creek Monumental 
Association was incorporated by 
the State in 18 99, "for the purpose 
of preserving the monument erect- 
ed to the memory of the noble 
patriots." The objects of the or- 
ganization were to add to and 
beautify the grounds, to compile 
the records of the "patriotic deeds 
of those noble sons whose ashes 
have been neglected for more than 
a century and to do such other 
things as tend to inspire among 
our people State and national 
pride and a higher appreciation 
of patriotic manhood." 

The bill passed by the General 
Assembly, as introduced by Gibson 
James, of Pender County, pro- 
vided for State appropriations of 
$100 in both 1S99 and 1900 and 
$50 annually thereafter. 

Charter members of the asso- 
ciation, appointed by the Legisla- 
ture, were as follows: Capt. R. P. 
Paddison, George J. Moore, Aaron 
Colvin, E. A. Hawes, James H. 
Colvin, James .F. Moor§» Dr. 
George F. Lucas, William F. Bell, 
Frank P. Flynn, James E. Henry, 
Jacob J. James, Henry Murphy, 
James N. Henry, Dr. E. Porter, 
Gibson James, L. C. Powers, J. 
C. Nixon, Bruce Williams, W. W. 
Miller and D. H. Armstrong. Oth- 
ers were added from time to time. 
The first meeting of the associa- 
tion was held at the battleground 
on July 4, 1899. Unfavorable weath- 
er conditions made the members go 
to Currie, where the following of- 
ficers were elected: 

James F. Moore, president; R. P. 
Paddison, secretary; Aaron Colvin, 
H. M. Durant, W. F. Bell, J. E. 
Henry, D . H . Armstrong, J . C . 
Nixon, James N. Henry, J. K. 
James, Bruce "Williams, L. C. 
Powers, R. H. Murphy and A. T. 
Herring, vice-president; and Dr. 
E. Porter, G. J. Moore, J. H. 
Colvin, Dr. George F. Lucas, F. P. 
Flynn, Gibson James, W. W. Mil- 

ler, E. A. Hawes and W. R. 
Walker as a board of directors. 

Work was started at once by 
the association, which has beer- 
greatly interested in the baUR- 
ground since its organization. A 
pavilion was built for the' annual 
picnic and patriotic celebration on 
August 17, 1899. 

That plans were laid early for 
Federal recognition of the impor- 
tance of the battle of Moore's 
Creek and the value of the battle- 
ground is apparent from the rec- 
ords of the annual meeting of the 
association at the battleground on 
July 26, 1900, when it was stated 
in the minutes that: 

Bruce Williams, D. Porter, W. 
W. Miller and A. C. Moore were 
appointed to "prepare suitable me- 
morials by petition to Congress to 
present asking the passage of the 
bill now before that body of the 
appropriation of ten thousand dol- 
lars for the Monumental Associa- 

Later records in 1902 read that 
the president of the association 
reported that "everything that. 

could be had been done to secure 
Federal appropriation and white 
he felt very mu^n disappointed in 
not getting it he still hoped we 
would get it at a later date." 

In 1903 W. J. Hollingsworth was 
elected secretary to succeed R. P. 
Paddison. E. E. Murphy was 
named secretary in 1907. In 1908 
the meeti?>y; lime was changed 
from the second Thursday in July 
to the first Thursday in July. 
Plans were also laid then for the 
building of a spur track of the At- 
lantic and Yadkin Valley Railroad 
to the battlegrounds. In the same 
year a committee was appointed 
"to arrange and state the proper 
distance from the pavilion for the 
hitching of horses." 

J. F. Moore and George J. Lucas 
both died in 1912 and no celebra- 
tion was held that year out of re- 
spect to their memory. George J. 
Moore was elected to succeed J. 
F. Moore as president and J. F. 
Lucas succeeded his father as vice- 
president. By unanimous vote it j 
was decided to erect a monument 
on the field to the memory of the 
first president of the association. 

In 1913, it was moved and car- 
ried that "ladies be admitted as 
^honorary members of the associa- 
tion." Records state that "on ac- 
count of high -water only a few 
members were in attendance" at 
the meeting in 1917. In 1919, "it 
was moved and carried that no 
noisy toys be sold on the grounds 
on the day of celebration until the 
orator of the day has finished 
speaking , . M 

The growth of tne crowds in at- 
tendance at these annual picnics 
on the battlefield is evident from 
the increasing amounts charged 
for the granting of refreshment 
b6oth permits. At first no charge 
was made; later permits went as 
high as $250. Many improvements 
were made in the grounds. 

In 1923. Representative Charles 
L. Abernethy, of New Bern, pro- 
posed to the association that he try 
to secure federal aid for the bat- 
tlefield. He also suggested that 
the State Highway Commissioners 
be asked to connect the site with 
the State system of highways. The 
association favored both plans. 

At a called meeting of the as- 
sociation on the grounds at the an- 
nual celebration on Aug. 14, 1924, 
Mr. Abernethy told of his efforts 
beforo. Congress to have the 
ground .deeded to the Government 
for a national park. He exhibited a 
copy of the bill he had drafted for 
the purpose. 

On Feb. 10, 1925, it was unani- 
mously agreed by the association 
that the battlefield should be 
turned over to the Federal Gov- 
ernment by the Btate, provided 
the Government would accept it 
as a national park and make ap- 
propriations for its maintenance. 

The State Legislature, on Febru- 
ary 27, 1925, the anniversary of 
the battle, passed resolutions, 
agreeing to deed the property to 
the Government, without cost, 
shoitra th-e Goveatnmeivt accept the 
gift. With the efforts of Mr. Aber- 
nethy, Senator Lee S. Overman, 
the Daughters of the American 
Revolution of the State and the 
Nation, and others, this bill was 
finally passed by Congress in May, 

The Moore's Creek Battleground 
Association and the Daughters of 
the American Revolution will be 
in charge of the sesqui-centennial 
exercises on August 2 4, at which 
time the tract will be formally 
transferred to the Government. 
Officers of the association now 
are: President, George J. Moore; 
vice-presidents, Jesse Lucas, J. R. 
Hawes, W. H. Lewis. R. C. Mur- 
phy and Julian Keith; secretary, 
C. L>. Murphy; treasurer, H. C. 
Walker; custodian, W. R. Walker, 
and directors, J. W. Flynn, A. D. 
Ward, J. M. Simpson, J. H. Henry, 
A. E. Curl, F. B. Orr and B. J. 


Many Entries From "State In Philadelphia's Great Event 

(Special to the Daily Record) 

PHILADELPHIA, May 17.— North 
Carolina's pre-eminence nitherto has 
been held to rest upon her crops of 
cotton, hemp, tobacco, agricultural 
and manufactured products. Now 
there is a new contender for first 
place in state wealth. The school- 
boy-and-girl "crop" promises enor- 
mous returns. Self-reliance, courage, 
herism. in th" day by day perform- 
ance of dut- as well as that needed 
in spectacular deeds, sacrifice, patri- 
otism, leadership and loyalty are 
present in this new type. Ambitions 
vary. Localities mold and modify 
them more or less. But these boys 
and girls face and solve their own 
problems, maintain themselves, 
work their way when n'ecessary and 
are proud of it. Entry forms in the 
American Youth Award indicate 
that some wizardry may have been 
worked not unlike that Burbank ap- 
plied to plant life. Maybe the teach- 
ers can account for this. 

The American Youth Award and 
the American Teacher Award have 
been established as a tribute to the 
youth and teachers of America by 
the directors of the Sesqui — Centen- 
nial International Exposition, which 
will be held in Philadelphia from 
June 1 to December 1 in celebration 
of 150 years of American Independ- 
ence.. The award is open to all boys 
and girls between the ages of 13 
and 19. and to all women teachers. 
Candidates may obtain official entry 
forms from Sesqui-Centennial head- 
quarters, Philadelphia. 

Each state and the District of 
Columbia has been invited to seek 
out its most outstanding boy and 
girl and woman teacher, and these 
three will go to Philadelphia as 
guests of the Exposition for the 
week of June 28 to July 5. They will 
also visit Washington, and at the 
White House will be presented with 
medals by President Coolidge. All 
of their expenses will be paid from 
the time they leave home until they 

Miss Anna Lula Dobson. for 
eighteen years a teacher in Winston- 
Salem schools, is a candidate for 
the American Teachers Award 1 . She 
Is a graduate of Eastman college. 
Rochester, N. Y. Her home is at 
315 High street. She is at the head 
of the commercial department of the 
high school which has an enrollment 
of more than 500 pupils. 

"Coming of patriotic ancestry she 
has inbibed true principles of 
Americanism and high ideas of jus- 
tice, " her sponsors wrote. They 
are Clement Manly, 604 Sumnisii 
street, a lawyer, and Ruth A. Ford, 
405 Spring street, a teacher, both of 

Wilbur Hollis Alford, 16, of Ken- 
ly, North Carolina, is a pupil in 
Kenly high, and a newsdealer after 
school hours. By his own efforts 
in out-of-sehool hours he has estab- 
lished a business of his own which 
supports him and enables him to 
help his family. He has made tile 
teams in basketball and baseball at 
school, and this year has won ap- 
poinment to West Point. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian church 
and secretary of the Sunday school. 
His sponsors are G. T. Whitley, a 
teacher, and A. G. Rose, a barber, 
of Kenly. i 

Eugene Richard Hughes, 15. of 
105 S. Bloodworth street, Raleigh, a 
pupil of Hugh' Masson school, "has 
made meagre advantages not a hand- 
icap but a wonderful stimulus. 
Fatherless from infancy, he has been 
a bread-winner since he was seven 
and entirely self-supporting since he 
was 10. being burden-bearer with his 
widowed mother and a sister two 
years his senior. He has attended 
school regularly, made his grades, 
and in his scout work has not only 
learned the theory but puts their 
principles into daily practice. He is 
active in church life, a, leader in 

B. Y. P. T.T., a contributor to his 
church, and a boy of prayer and 
Bible study. He is a paper carrier 
for C. H. Herring. 1408 Mordecai 
drive. His sponsors are S. E. Wes- 
singer, 625 Newborn Ave., principal 
of the Raleigh high school, and J. 
H. Weather, 121 E. Martin street, 
a cotton merchant. 

Frances Claire Thomas. IS years, 
of 528 Halifax street, Raleigh] is a 
pupil of Flora McDonald college at 
Red Springs. N. C. Her sponsors are 
Jennie G. Trapier. 805 Glenwood 
Ave..' Girl Reserve secretary, Y. W. 

C. A., and Chalmers E. Wessinger. 
625 Newbern Ave., principal of the 
high school. They say: "This candi- 
date embodies the finest attributes 
of American girlhood, modesty, 
patience, studiousness, courtesy, of 
broad sympathies, yet possessing 
self-reliance, independence and ca- 
pability. While attending school she 
did the household cooking for her 
widowed mothjer and younger sister, 
made her own clothes, and was 
graduated from the high school at 
seventeen.. In her freshman year in 
high school she was the only fresh- 
man member of the Homart club; 
member of Athletic Association. 
Literary Society, Journalistic, Glee 
and Science clubs. At college she is 
president of her freshman class. Her 
further education is made possible 
by the advancement of funds by col- 
lege authorities on her merit alone. 
She is an expert botanist and in- 
tends to make landscape gardening 
her profession. At heart a student, 
she is full of energy and activity, 
being devoted to swimming, riding, 
and all-day-hikes." 

Robert Lee Sutton, 16 years. 6095 
Boylan Ave., a pupil of Junior high 
school, Raleigh, "is a perfect gentle- 
man in, all his dealings, honest and 
'Upright, and recognized by his school- 
I nates for leadership and integrity. 

| He met the supreme (lest of heroism 

I in the rescue last summer of two 

[drowning girls, at great risk to his 

own life while others stood by not 

knowing what to do. 

"He has proved himself a real 
Scout in his own home, where sick- 
ness has added much to his respon- 
sibility, since his father's work 
keeps him away from home except 
at week-ends. In outside activities 
he is 'a very practical and worth 
while fellow. He has been working 
in his spare time to clothe himself 
and pay his own way, and his em- 
ployer, Mr. J. E. White,, 309 West 
Edenton street, speaks highly of 
him." His' sponsors are Gorrell 
Shumaker, 209 W. Lane street, Scout 
Executive, and Rosalynd Nix, 421 N. 
Blount street, a teacher, both of 

James Gordon Kurfees. 15, of 1920 
Sunset Drive, is a pupil- in the 
Junior high school. Raleigh. Mrs. J. 
M. Barbee. 1214 Mordecai Drive, and 
Mrs. C. E. Glenn, 222 Cox Ave., 
teachers, are sponsors for this candi- 
date, for whom they present these 

"His sterling qualities of character 
are revealed in everyday life because 
he is so honest, clean-cut and sincere 
in all his undertakings. His play- 
mates respect his opin.ion and ad- 
mire his ideals. If put to a vote 
!he would easily stand head and 
shoulders above the crowd f dr 
courtesy, gentlemanline'/s and cap- 
lability in the estimate, of his fellow 
students. He is a thorough and sin- 
cerely practical Scout, and his class 
room work is above reproach, for 
it shows not only honest prepara- 
tion but a strict attention to the 
business of the recitation. In other 
j words, he is an ideal student, alert. 
: prepared and ready at the appoint- 
I ed time." 

Albert Lewis Olmstead, 16. 1004 N. 
Cabarrus street, a pupil in the 
Junior high school. Raleigh, pos- 
fsesses these, excellencies qualifying 
I him as a candidate for the American 
j Youth Award. "Because he was 
ambitious he deserted the, "old 
gang" and their activities and tied 
himself up with new associates in 
the Boy Scouts, and for two years 
he has made good. He has w-orked 
diligently and against great odds. 
Only those who know him intimate- 
ly can realize the great fight he has 
made because of his desir* for the 
better things of life. His outstanding 
accomplishment is the development 
of genuine moral bravery, and he 
has at last attained to the highest 
place in Scouting, the rank of Eagle 
Scout. 'In becomirig an Eagle Scout 
he has been trained in twenty-one 
different subjects, all of which fit 
j him the better to be helpful to 
I others. Service seems to give him 
| rpai joy." His sponsors are Mrs. J. 
; M. Barbee. 1214 Mordecai Drive, a 
teacher, and Gorrell Shumaker. 
Scout Executive. 209 West Lane 

David Samuel Cox. 16, of 201 
Chamberlain street, Raleigh, is a 
pupil in Hugh Morson high school. 
^He began his business career at the 
age of eight as a salesman for a 
Publishing company. Since his 
thirteenth year he has been district 
manager. Between the ages of 10 
and 14 he has her):, page, chief page, 
and special messenger in the State 
i Senate. He is now a. senior in high 
! school, a member of the Presby- 
terian church, a Boy Scout, and 
I member of the Scouts' choir. At 
school, he is a letter man in foot- 
ball ard basketball and a member 
of the track team, glee club, literary 
society, and science club." His spon- 
sors are W. N. Everett. 310 N, 
Blount, Secretary of State, and H. L. 
Snyder. IIS 1-2 W. Martin street. 
Superintendent of Schools, Raleigh. 
William Clark Wallin. 16. "of 
Ridge Crest, is a pupil in Hugh 
Morson high school. "He is always 
cheerful and full of life, yet knows 
when to be serious. His word is his 
bond, and he can always be counted 
on for his share of the work with- 
out asking. He sacrifices his pleas- 
ure, or his things, without show or 
any thought of return. When he 
starts something, he finishes it. He 
is a leader in his quiet way, by his 
influence and personality. He thrills 
at the crack of the bat. is on edge 
at the crack of the gun, and is one 
of the first to hit the water every 
time. He heeds the call of nature, 
and knows and understands the calls. 

the habits and ways. of birds. He is 
one who seems to live the Scout 
oath every day of his life." Sponsors 
for this boy are Ralph F. Brimley, 
515 Washington, street, a student in 
N. C. State college and Gorrell 
Shumaker, 209 W. Lane street, 
Scout Executive. 

Harris Bradford Rltenbark. IS, of 
Wilmington, is a pupil in New Han- 
over high school, and farm helper 
to his father, Baxter Rivenbark. He 
is sponsored by M. G. Little, prin- 
cipal of the school he attends, and 
by J. F. Roache. a banker, of Wil- 
mington. They say: 

"This candidate, literally one of 
many, is the sixth or twelve chil- 
dren. He works after school hours 
during the school term, and all day 
during vacations, on the truck farm 
h»" is helping his father and older 
brothers buy. He drives twenty miles 
each day, one of the school buses, 
which carries thirty students to and 
from school. He is the only student 

selected to handle a bus, and his 
record is perfect for control of both 
his machine and his charges. For 
three years he has come ten miles 
a day to high school, without miss- 
ing a day. He is maintaining his 
grades excellently, although it is 
evident real work is necessary to do 
this, for he has little time for home 
study. He is 'active in church and 
Sunday school work. In his quiet, un-' 
assuming manner he is achieving the 
very foundations of success — an hon- 
est education." 

Fred Dixon, in his 16th year is a 
pupil of Hugh Morson high school, 
Raleigh. His sponsors. H. H. Brim- 
ley. Curator, N. C. State Museum, and 
Gorrell Shumaker, 209 W. Lane 
street, scout executive, say: 

"He has always been a great lover 
of out-ot-doors and because of his 
diligent' study of natural phenomena 
has been a great help in. at least 
three ways: 1 — Encouraging the 
birds by building for them in accord- 
ance with their whims great num- 
bers of houses they will use. His 
home place is a bird . heaven. 2 — 
I He has been a leader in promoting 
the conservation of wild life, both 
birds and plants. 3— He has been 
not only a careful student but a 
patient teacher, and others have 
caught from him the love for wild 
life and a desire to see it conserved. 
In scouting he lacks only life saving 
to attain his rank as Eagle Scout. 
He is a fine, clean, manly fellow. His 
character is above reproach and he 
is a leader whom others love to 
follow." , 

Daniel Niven Stewart, Jr.. lo! of', 
1716 Park Drive, is a student of 
Hugh Munson. high school, Raleigh. 
His sponsors are T. E. Browne, state 
director, vocational education, and 
Gorrell Shumaker, scout executive. 
They say: 

"He is not yet sixteen, but few 
boys of several years his senior have 
shouldered so much responsibility 
and so capably. For two years he 
has served as senior patrol leader in 
the Boy scout troop of which he is 
a member, doing much work which 
should have been done by men, be- 
cause men were not available. Much 
of his time has been spent in helping 
others to qualify and yet he now 
needs only one more Merit Badge 
to complete his rank of Eagle Scout. 
He is above reproach in character, 
unselfish in service, cheerful in lead- 
ership, and a most likeable fellow." 

William Alphonso Wethers, Jr.. 13. 
of 2220 Hillsboro street, Raleigh, a 
pupil in Hugh Morson high school, is 
said to be "one of those quiet, seri- 
ous-minded chaps. Whatever he un- 
dertakes he does well. His steadv 
climb in scouting to the highest rank, 
that of Eagle Scout, has been not 

[for the recognition lie might receive 
hut lor the reason that with the 
greater knowledge he could serve the 
tetter. His patriotism is of very 
practical nature as is shown by lus 
intense interest in Helping to put 
across all sorts ot activities for the 
upbuilding o£ the community. He is 
a close student oE nature and an 
ardent exponent ot conservation oL 
all forms of wild lite." The sponsors 
of this lad are Margaret Connor, a 
teacher of Orangeburg. S. C, and 
Gorrell Shumaker. Scout Executive. 
John Christian Weaver, 14, of 410 
Cutlar street, is a pupil in the Senior 
high school of Raleigh. His spon- 
sor^ are Rev. V. S. Gross. 220 New - 
bern avenue, and Dr. E. Delia Dixou 
Carroll, of Raleigh. They say: The 
subject of this sketch is a Scout, 
well-developed and fond of sports, HJ3 
is truthful and courteous, has a high 
sense of honor, and is well-liked, 
especially by other boys. He has an 
active mind and is adept at makm„ 
things. He has participated m the 
making ot several radio sets-. Is a 
good marksman, and plays baseball 
and football well. He loves nature, 
studies and has collections of in- 
sects, minerals, flowers and birds 
He is a sophomore in high school 
and does his work well." 

The administration of the Awatti 
in North Carolina will be conducts 
by a state committee, ot which Gov- 
ernor A. W! McLean is Honorary 
Chairman. John J. Cla r, of Raleigh, 
is active Chairman of the committee. 


Committee Plans For State's 

Participation In Sesqui- 


North Carolina *\ill maintain a 
booth at the Sesqui-centennial Expo- 
sition in Philadelphia from July 1 to 
October 1, the booth to contain pic- 
tures and documents of a historical 
nature and to serve as an informa- 
tion bureau in broadcasting facts 
about North Carolina. 

This decision was reached at a 
meeting in the Sir Walter Hotel yes 
terday morning of the women's com 
mittee recently named by Governor 
McLean to arrange for North Caro- 
lina's participation in the Philadel- 
phia exposition, and the chief execu- 
tive was empowered to name an exec- 
utive committee of seven to com- 
plete details for the maintenance 
of the North Carolina booth. The 
committee is to be named upon rec- 
ommendation of Mrs. W. R. Rey- 
nolds, of Winston -Salem, chairman 
of the women's committee. It is es- 
timated that such participation, in- 
cluding cost of floor space and inci 
dental expenses, will involve an ex- 
penditure of approximately $10,000. 

■The meeting. yesterday was attend- 
ed by thirty members of the com- 
mittee and by heads of several 1 State 
departments, all of whom promised 
to co-operate in making the North 
Carolina booth an attractive and 
effective one. In the absence of 
Mrs. Reynolds, chairman of the 
body, Mrs. A. L. Brooks, of Greens- 
boro, presided. 
i Governor McLean attended the 
meeting and when asked for his 
views as to the method of participa- 
tion this State should adopt, suggest- 
id that, in view of the lack of legis- 
lative appropriations for an exten- 
sive exhibit of the agricultural, in- 
dustrial and financial advantages of 
ihe State, an information booth be 
set up, to be in charge of represen- 

tatives of State departments, this 
arrangement of management sewing 
to keep down expenses of opera- 
tion of the booth. The chief execu- 
tive explained that the exhibition of 
historical paintings and documents 
would serve to impress upon visitors 
the prominent part played by the 
State in national affairs in the early 
days of the nation. 

The plan had been suggested at a 
recent meeting of members of the 
committee, and, following the en- 
dorsement of the governor, a motion 
for its approval was adopted. 

Various days have been set aside 
by exposition officials ou which 
special programs will be staged. June 
H will be Flag Day and July 4 In- 
dependence Day. These days will 
be observed by all States participat- 
ing, while October 6 has been desig- 
nated as North Carolina Day and 
on that date a special program will 
be arranged by the State commit- 

The Fayetteville Light Infantry 
will attend the exposition and par- 
ticipate in the Flag Day program, 
General J. VanB. Metts, adjutant- 
general, stated. General Metts ex- 
pressed the hope that the light in- 
fantry companies of Charlotte and 
Wilmington would also find it pos- 
sible to attend. 

Miss Adelaide Fries, of Winston - 
Salem, promised the committee to 
have redproductions of historical 
documents concerning North Caro- 
lina's independence activities, in- 
cluding Governor Martin's original 

proclamation, which, she pointed out, 
will show that North Carolina, was 
the first State in the Union to set 
aside July 4 to commemorate the 
declaration of independence. 

The State department heads pres- 
ent, all of whom promised to lend 
the assistance of their departments 
to the completion of arrangements 
for the State's booth and for its I 
maintenance, were; A. W. Graham, 
Commissioner of Agriculture; Dr. 
E. C. Brooks, president of N. C. 
State College; Leslie R. Ames, chief 
engineer State Highway Department; 
R. B, House, of the Historical Com- 
mission; H. H. Brimley, of the State 
Museum; General J. Van B. Metts, 
Adjutant-General; Major Wade Phil- 
ips, head of the Department of Con- 
servation and Development, and Mrs. 
Jane McKimmon, director of home 
demonstration work in the State. 

Charles W, Piquet appeared before 
the committee in the interest of the 
North Carolina Chorus which he was 
appointed by Governor McLean to 

The committee members present at 
the meeting included: Mrs. Jas. A. 
Robinson, Mrs. J. F. Wiley and 
Mrs, Edward K. Powe, of Durham; 
Mrs. H. A. Mills, Mrs. R. B. Terry, 
and Mrs. G. Elwood Cox, of High 
Point; Mrs. Chas. A. Kent, Mrs. 
S. Clay Williams, Mrs. Kenneth 
Mountcastle; Mrs. Buena Mimms, and 
Mrs. Owen Moore, of Winston-Sa- 
lem; Mrs. A. L. Brooks, Mrs. Ar- 
thur Watt and Mrs. Bernard M. 
Cone, of Greensboro; Mrs. Charles 
R. Thomas, of Waynesville; Miss 
Gertrude S. Caraway and Miss Mary 
Picl- tt Ward, of New Bern; Miss 

Tentative Program Arranged 
For Carolina Day At Sesqiii 

North Carolina Song Will Be 

Broadcast Over Radio for 

First Time 

Evening Telegram Bureau, 
Sir Walter Hotel. 

Philadelphia, Sept. 28.— Preliminary 
plans for the, observance of North Car- 
olina Day, October 11, at the Sesqui- 
Centennial include the broadcasting or 
"The Old North State" from a big. sta- 
turn for the first time r.nd a radio ad- 
dress by Governor McLean, frbm Ahe 
main dining- room of the Benraxnin 
Franklin Hotel. Orchestration of the 
State song Is being arranged by Di- 
rector Oppehheim' of the Hotel Benja- 
min Concert orchestra, who does' his 
own announcing And Who stated today 
he would formally introduce Governor 
McLean to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
and the worfcT al! large through WlP on 
the evening of North Carolina Day. 

Impressive exercises will be held in 
honor of North Carolina's visiting gov- 
ernor. He will be met by officials and 
accompanied to the S'esqui grounds, 
intu which he will be escorted by mili- 
tary detachments, and a salute will be 
fired in his honor. Later, when he vis- 

a the Navy yard, there will be another 
ute fired. The day's events will in- 
i l d'e a military review and an ad- 
dress on tlfe grounds at , 1|1 a. m. by 
the governor, froni a stand to be built at 
the North' Carolina pylon. Governor 
McLean will pay an' official visit to 
the North -Carolina booth. 

It is not known here yetj u?t who 
will accompany the governor but the 
hel'.e was expressed today by a mem- 
ber of the commit too in charge that he 
v-ould bring a delegation with him, 
Also, an effort will' be made to have all 
lesiclcnt North Carolinians possible- 
present at the day's exercises. 

A score of highway photographs 
showing workmen on North Carolina's 
5,200 mile system added much to the 
appearance of the North Carolina booth) 
this week, as did the arrival for dis- 
play of hydro-electrical map of .the 

Much interest is being taken in Iho 
agricultural map of the' state and nu- 
merous visitors have taken away agri- 
cultural, educational and other litera- 

Adjoining the .X°rth Carolina ex?. 

Dibit is one that is attracting quite a 
bit of attention. It is the exhibit of the 
North State Pottery Company, of San- 
ford. N. C. in charge of H. A. Cooper. 
The exhibit is housed in a pine log 
cabin, surrounded by pine trees and a 
rustic fence. On the other side the ex- 
Sbibit of the R. J. Reynolds Co.. of 
Winston-Salem, is very imposing. It is 
simple' but artistically arranged. , 

Many North Carolinians, here for 
the. big fight, registered at the state 
booth! including suh sportsmen as Dr. 
' John McKee, Herbert and Jerome Ro- 
senthal and Dr. Freeman, all of Ral- 
eigh, and others. 

Represent^ ives~ from practically 
every state, in the Union have register- 
ed. Visits from more than" twenty 
states have, inscribed their names this 
ueek. Many of them have been highly 
'■•umplimentary in their , references to 
the North Carolina exhibit, which con- 
sists of a compilation of interesting in- 
formation about the state and a collec- 
tion of graphic pictures and charts. 
As has been pointed out, ,it is not an 
exhibit of products but of information 
about the state which has been gotten 
up in such shape that it can be dis- 
tributed among and carried away by 

jProgram Made 
For N.C. Da) 

Address by Gov. McLean 

and Parade Are Among 

Day's Feature 

To Tour Sesqui 

Close Will Be Noted by Pre- 
senting Stale Flag 

Special to The Journal 

Greensboro, Oct. 3. — Announce- 
ment of the program for North 
Carolina flay, Oct. 11, at theSes- 
qui-Centennial Exposition at Phila- 
delphia, calls for a reception in 
honor of Governor' McLean and 
the North Carolina party by Mayor 
Kendrick, a parade with a military 
escort, an address by the Gover- 
nor at the North Carolina pylon 
on the exposition grounds, a. visit 
to the navy yard and a luncheon, 
as well as other less important 
features. A. L. Brooks, of this 
city, who is in charge of arrange- 
ments for the day, made the pro- 
gram. It follows: 

Meeting of Governor McLean 
and official party at the Hotel 
Bellevue-Stratfoi-d at 10. a. m. with 
official cars. 

Governor and party will be 
taken to the city hall for a brief j 
reception by [VTayor Kendrick. 

Parade from oity nail to admiht- 
istration building. 

Party to be met by military 
j escort at Broad and Oregon aye- 
i nues, parade through main gates. 
I where remainder of military escort 
| waits and where Governor's salute 
will be given. 

Exercises at North Carolina py- 
lon, consisting of: 

Address of welcome by the 
Mayor; the Governor to be -intro- 
duced by A. L. Brooks and to de- 
liver an address: visit to navy yard 
where additional honors and sa- 
lutes are to be given the Gover- 
nor: luncheon by Mr. and Mrs. 
Brooks at Hotel Bellevue-Stratford 
at 1 p. ni.. complimentary to Ihe 
Governor and the North Carolina 
committee; return to exposition 
grounds, for tour through grounds 
and review at Camp Anthony 
Wayne; from 4 to 6 p. m. recep- 
tion to be given by "Women's Com- 
mittee and tea served at Slate Roof 
House, High St., in honor of 
Governor, his staff and attending 
committee. At this event the North 
Carolina Stale flag will be pre- 
sented by Mrs. W. N. Revnolds 
and accepted by Mrs. George H. 
iLorlmer. This flag will later be 
placed in Liberty 'Hail, together 
with similar flags from other 

Chairman o£ Committee 

A social feature of the commit- 
tee meeting will be the luncheon 
'g-iven by Mrs, Albert Cox at her 
home in Hayes-Barton. 

October 6 has been definitely 
set as the date for North Carolina 
day. October 7 had been chosen, 
but owing to conflict with other 
states this date had to be aban- 
doned. On North Carolina Day a 
special program will be presented, 
this program to be truly represen- 
tative of the spirit of the Old 
North State. ' As yet, however, 
complete details for this state's 
part on that day have not been 
worked out. 



Mrs. A. L. Brooks Ig Hostess at the 
Greensboro Country Club — No 
Deiinite Action Taken. 

Mrs. A. L. Brooks Is Hostess at the 
GrcensboVo Country Club — No 
Definite Action Taken. 

Mrs. W. N. Reynolds 

Carolinians Prepare Program 
For State Day at Philadelphia 

A large number of North Caro- 
linians will leave this week for 
Philadelphia to be present during 
the North Carolina Day program 
to be presented next Monday at the 
Sesqui-Centennial Exposition. 

Various features are being 
planned for the occasion, chief of 
which will be the presentation of 
a North Carolina flag by the 
North Carolina "Women's Sesqui- 
Centennial committee, Mrs. "Wil- 
liam N. Reynolds, of Winston- 
Salem, chairman, to Governor A. 
"W. McLean, who will in turn pre- 
sent it as a permanent memorial 
to be kept among the archives of 
the Thirteen, Original Stages at 

The day's events include salutes 
■in honor of the Governor, a mili- 
tary review and an address by the 

Governor at 11 o'clock from a. 
stand to be built at the North Car- 
olina pylon at the exposition 
grounds. Governor McLean will 
also speak over the radio Monday 
evening from Philadelphia and the 
State song will be broadcast from 
the main dining room of the Ben- 
jamin Franklin Hotel through 
radio station "WIP- 

Social events are also planned 
for the week-end, including a ban- 
quet to be given Saturday evening 
at the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel by 
Mrs. W- N. Reynolds, in honor of 
the North Carolina Sesqui-Centen- 
nial Committee and a luncheon 
Monday given at the same hotel 
by Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Brooks, of 
Greensboro, in honor of Governor 
McLean and the Sesqui-Centennial 



Accepts Invitation To 'Go On 

Air' at Sesqui-Centennial 


In Celebration 

Governor McLean announced ye** 
terday that he had accepted an in. 
vitation to "go on the air" with a 
ten-minute introduction for North 
Carolina's State son, which will be 
broadcast by an orchestra from sta- 
tion WIP in Philadelphia, Monday 
evening October 11, about 6 o'clock, 
as a part of the North Carolina Day 
program at the Sesqui-Centennial 

It will be the first time the Gov- 
ernor has faced * microphone in 
one large radio broadcasting centers, 
although he has received numerooi 
invitations from Chicago, New York 
and Florida sta-tions to take part 
in programs during the past year. 
Press of official business heretofore 
has prevented him from accepting 
^uch invitations. 

Sesqui-Centennial Commit- 
tee to Meet at Raleigh 
Friday Morning 

Further plans for North Caro- 
lina's representation at the Sesqui- 
Centennial which opens in Phila- 
delphia May 31 will be outlined at 
a meeting of the State committee 
which is to be held in Raleigh 
Fridav morning at 11 o'clock at 
the Sir Walter Raleigh hotel. 

Governor McLean, honorary 
chairman, will be present and 
i make an address. Other speakers 
will be Colonel Phillips, o£ Ral- 
i eigh, and Charles W. Piquet, who 
j will have charge of the North 
Carolina chorus for the exposi- 
tion. This chorus which will be 
recruited from all over the state, 
will be a part of the ensemble o£ 
the thirteen original state*! which 
will present a musical program at 
the exposition. 

A well attended and enthusiastic 
meeting- of the Sesqui-Centennial com- 
mittee appointed by Governor McLean 
was held yesterday morning at the 
Greensboro Country club following a 
delightful luncheon at which Mrs. A. 
L. Brooks was hostess. Though no 
definite plans were- made, a detailed 
discussion of ways and means to 
make the North Carolina exhibit and 
North' Carolina day. October 6 in par- 
ticular, successful. A letter was read 
by A. L. Brooks assuring the commit- 
tee that tho centennial would open 
according to schedule and that the 
prospects pointed to a wonderful 

In addition to Mrs. A. L. Brooks 
other local women prominent on the 
committee are Mrs. B. W. Myers. Mrs. 
Bernard COne and Mrs. E. D. Broad- 
iuir'st. At the invitation of Mrs. A. W. 
McLean and Mrs. Albert Cox the com- 
[mittee will meet next May 3| in Ra- 
leigh for the definite formulation of i 
! plans. 

Members of tho committee include 
Gov. and Mrs. A. W. McLean. Mr. and 
Mrs. A. L. Brooks. Mesdamcs Williams 
Reynolds. Burton Craig. George 
Brown, Kenneth Mountcastle, S. Clay 
Williams. Lola Johnson, Robert Dick 
Shore, Lindsay Patterson, Clement 
Manly, H. Hanes, Howard Round- 
thaler, Owen Moore. Charles A. Kent, 
Buenna Memms. Ralph Hanes, Ag- 
new Bahnson, Eowman Gray, . Thur- 
man Chatham, Carl W. Harris, Miss 
Adelaide Fries, all of Winston-Salem; 
Mesdames R. A. Dunn. Stuart Cramer, 
Arthur Draper. John Scott. Ralph Van 
Landingham, Jeremiah Goff. Cameron 
Morrison and Miss Julia Alexander, 
all of Charlotte; Dr. Delia Dixon Car- 
roll, Mesdames L. H. Marler, Miss 
Evelyn Lee, Josephus Daniels. Kate 
Burr Johnson, Miss Mary Milliard 
Hinton and Albert Cox, all of Ra- 
leigh- Mesdames Fred Seely, Westray 
Battle. Frank Stevens, all of Ashe- 
vllle- Mrs. J. F. Cecil, of Biltmore; 
Mesdames John Bellamy, Walter 
Slirunt, W. A. Dick. A. M. Waddell, of 
Wilmington; Mesdames Elwood Cox, 
R B Terrv, H. A. Minis, of High 
Point; Mesdames Max Gardner, Clyde 
Hoey,' Mrs. Joseph Cannon and Miss 
Jennie Coltrane, of Concord; Mrs B. 
Frank Mebane, of Spray; Mrs. Jeffer- 
son Penn, of Reidsville; Mrs. Mary 
Martin Sloop, of Crossmore; Mrs Lou 
Filmore of Wilson; Mrs. James Bare- 
ness of Statesville: Miss Gertrude 
Carraway. of New Bern; Mrs. Felix 
Harvey, of Kinston; Mrs. Peter Ar- 
lington', of Warrington; Mrs Edwin 
R Overman and Mrs. Edwin C. Gre = - 
„ry of Salisbury; Mrs. Dolph Long, of 
Graham; Mrs. A. L., of Sylvia; 
Mrs. George Pagan, of Gaston la; Mrs. 
A M. Kisler, of Morganton, Mrs. 
Charles R. Thomas and Mrs. R. L. 
Lee of Waynesville; Mrs. David H. 
Blair, of Washington; Mrs. John 
Sprunt Hill and Mrs. John F M. 
Wiley of Durham; Mrs, A. M. Smith, 
of Elkin; Mrs. Archibald Johnson, o 
Thomasville, and Mrs. Crawford 
Biggs, of Raleigh. 

A well attended and enthusiastic 
meeting of the sesqui-cen tennial com- 
mittee appointed by Governor McLean 
was held yesterday morning at the j 
Greensboro Country club following a I 
delightful luncheon at which Mrs. A. 
L. Brooks was hostess. Though no 
definite plane were made, a detailed 
discussion of ways and means to 
make the Norlh Carolina exhibit and 
Xorth Carolina day, October 6 in par- 
ticular, successful. A letter was read 
by A. L. Erooks assuring the commit- 
tee that the centennial would open 
according i o schedule and that the 
prospects pointed to a wonderful 

In addition to Mrs. A. L. Brooks 
other local women prominent on the 
committee are Mrs. E. W. Myers, Mrs. 
Bernard Cone and Mrs. B. D. Broad- 
hurst. At the invitation of Mrs. A. W. 
McLean and Mrs. Albert Cox the com- 
mittee will meet next May 2 in Ra- 
leigh for the definite formulation of' 

Members of the committee include 
Gov. and Mrs. A. W. McLean. Mr. and 
Mrs. A. L. Brooks, Mesdames Williams 
Reynolds. Burton Craig. George 
Brown, Kenneth Mountcastle. S: Clay 
Williams, Lola Johnson, Robert Dick 
Shore. Lindsay Patterson, Clement 
Manly, H. Hanes. Howard Round- 
thaler, Owen Moore. Charles A. Kent, 
Buenna Memms. Ralph Hanes, Ag- 
new Bahnson. Bowman Gray, Thur- 
man Chatham, Carl W. Harris, Miss 
Adelaide Fries, all of Winston-Salem; 
Mesdames R. A. Dunn. Stuart Cramer. 
Arthur Draper, John Scott, Ralp^r Van 
Landingham, Jeremiah Goff. Cameron 
Morrison and Miss Julia Alexander, 
all of Charlotte; Dr. Delia. Dixon Car- . 
roll, Mesdames L. H. Marler, Miss 
Evelyn j Lee, Josephus Daniels. Kate 
Burr ' Jfehnson, Miss Mary Hilliard 
Hinton and Albert Cox, all of Ra- 
leigh; Mesdames Fred Seely. Westray 
Battle, Frank Stevens, all of Ashe- 
ville: Mrs. J. F. Cecil, of Biltmore; 
Mesdames John Bellamy, Walter 
Sprunt, W. A. Dick. A. M. Waddell, of 
Wilmington; Mesdames Elwood Cox. 
R B. Terry. IT. A. Minis, of High 
Point; Mesdames Max Gardner. Clyde 
HOev, Mrs. Joseph Cannon and Miss 
Jennie Coltrane, of Concord; Mrs. B. 
Frank Mebane. of Spray; Mrs. Jefter- j 
son Penn. of Reidsville; Mrs. Mary 
Mlrtin Sloop, of Crossmore; Mrs. Lou 
Filmore of Wilson; Mrs. James Hark- 
ness of Statesville; Miss Gertrude 
Carraway. of New Bern; Mrs. Felix 
Harvev, of Kinston; Mrs. Peter Ar- 
lington, of Warrington: Mrs. Edwin 
R Overman and Mrs. Edwin C. Greg- 
ory of Salisbury; Mrs. Dolph Long, of 
Graham; Mrs. A. L. McKce. of Sylvia; 
Mrs George. Ragan. of Gasloma; Mrs. 
\ M. Kisler, of Morganton; Mrs. 
Charles R. Thomas and Mrs. R. L. 
Lee of WaVncsville; Mrs. David H. 
Elair, of Washington; Mrs.' John 
Sprunt Hill and Mrs. John F. M. 
Wiley, of Durham; Mrs. A. M. Smith 
of Elkin' Mrs. Archibald Johnson, of 
Thomasvillc. and Mrs. Crawford 
Biggs, of Raleigh. . 


State's Four Most Notable Women 
Selected for Record In Booklet 
Of Philadelphia Sesqui-Centennial 

» • Special to The Journal 

* New Bern, June 27. — The four 
outstanding .vomen of North Car- 
olina who have done most for the 
progress of women in the last fifty 
years along lines of literature, civ- 
ics, music and art are respectively 
the late Mrs. Cornelia Phillips 
Spencer, of Chapel Hill; Mrs. R. R. 
Couten,"- of Bruce; Mrs. Crosby 
Adams, of Montreat, and Mrs. 
Rufus L. Gwyn, of Lenoir, accord- 
ing to the results of a vote taken 
among the -members of the North 
Carolina Worn ens Committee for 
the Sesqui-Centennial Exposition in 
Philadelphia, announced by Mrs. 
Burton Craige, of "Winston-Salem. 
In Booklet 

The names of these four women 
will be Included as the State's rep- 
resentatives in a Sesqui-Centennial 
booklet to be published soon un- 
der the direction of Mrs. George 
H. Lorimer- vice-chairman of the 
Woman's Board of the Exposition. 
The four outstanding women citi- 
zens of every State will be given. 
"Smartest Man" 

Mrs. Spencer lived at Chapel Hill 
for about seventy years and was 
probably the greatest woman that 
ever lived in the State. As an edu- 
cator, philosopher and writer she 
was important. According to the 
late Governor Vance, she was not 
only the brightest woman In North 
Carolina but also "the smartest 

She was voted as the most im- 
portant literary woman personage 
in the State, because of her histor- 

Hill, her newspaper and periodical 
articles and her letters, particu- 
larly those of reconstruction days 
which were largely responsible for 
the reopening of the State Univer- 
sity in 1875. 

Mrs. Gotten 

Mrs. Gotten is the beloved 
founder and organizer of the North 
Carolina Federation of Women's 
Clubs. She' is a regular attendant 
at all Federation meetings and has 
long been a pioneer and inspiration 
in civic affairs among women of 
the State. 

Mrs. Adams 

Mrs. Adams has done much for 
the musical life of North Carolina. 
As a musician, teacher and com- 
poser, she early made a name for 
herself in various parts of the 
country, especially in Chicago. For 
some years she has conducted a 
summer school for music at Mon- 
treat, where she and her husband 
have a home. 

She has written many musical 
compositions, as well as many ar- 
ticles and books on musical sub- 
jects and methods, having founded 
her own system of technique. In 
addition, she has assisted materially 
in improving musical standards. 
Mrs. Gwyn 

Mrs. Gwyn is an artist of note 
in the State, having often won 
prizes and awards for her work. 
She has served as Chairman of the 
Art Department of the State Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs and has 
lent her influence towards the de- 

ical writings, her sketches of Chapel velopment oE native talent. 

Mrs. William L. Manchester, state 
rcgr t, Rhode Island, D. A. R., comes 
next, arriving July 5 in . time to 
greet the President of the United 
States and Mrs. Coolitfge on the occa- 
sion of their first visit to the Ses- 

Mrs Alfred J. Brosseau, president, National Society, D. A R 


State Delegation, Including 

Gov. McLean, Will Attend 

Exercises Monday 

A large number of North Caro- 
linians will leave this week for Phil- 
adelphia to be present during the 
North Carolina day program to be 
presented next Monday at the Sesqui- 
Centennial exposition. 

Various features nre being planned 
for the occasion, chief of which will 
be the presentation of a North Caro- 
lina flag by the North Carolina Wom- 
en's Sesqui-Centennial committee, 
Mrs. William M. Reynolds, of Win- 
ston-Salem, chairman, to Governor A. 


D. A. R. Regent Will Repre- ^^VJ^tT^T 
sent State Two Weeks at 

Washington House 

Philadelphia, July 3— The women's 
committee, Sesqui-Centennial Asso- 
ciation, Mrs. J. Willis Martin, chair- 
man, announces the acceptance of 
Mrs. Edwin C. Gregory, state regent,' 
North Carolina D. A. K., to serve a- 
official hostess at Washington House, 
headquarters of the National So- 
ciety, D. A. B., at the Sesqui-Centen- 
nial Exposition Grounds. Mrs 
Gregory will represent the old 
„°™„ St ^ as °™ of the thirteen 
original Colonies, October 18-' 

Mrs Alexander Snn„ , Mon> 
president of the National Officers 

h,,iir I generaI char S° ° f the 
building from the time its finished 
exterior is turned over to the D A 

t!'„ , the "P° siti <» board, until 
the close ~" iL - 

ber 1, 

ganization to the President and 
First Lady of the Land. 

1 » Mr w^ reBory wiU be succeeded by 
Mrs William B. Burney, state regent 
of South Carolina D. A. B., Novem- 
ber 1-13, and Mrs. Herbert M. 
Franklin, state regent of Georgia, 
A xt T-' wl , U J ;l03e tbe schedule for 
the National D. A B. at the Sesqui, 
November 15-30. ' 

North Carolina Day at the Sesqui- 
Centennial will be September 6, when 
the Governor will be there and Mrs. 
W ham N. Eeynolds will present the 

Burton f ■" *£ «P° Bl «on. Mrs 
Burton Craige, Mrs. Lindsay Patter 
ton, and Miss Evelyn Lee/ofWin- 
Bton-Salem, are assisting with the 
ernnr.™ ? "M ^* •* the" 

W. McLean, who will in turn present 
it as a permanent memorial' to be 
kept among the archives of the thir- 
teen original States at Philadelphia. 

The day's events include salutes 
in honor of the Governor, a mili- 
tary review and au address by the 
Governor at 11 o'clock from a stand 
to be built at the North Carolina 
pylon at the exposition grounds. Gov- 
ernor McLean will also speak over 
the radio Monday evening from Phil- 
adelphia and the State song will be 
broadcast from the main dining room 
of the Benjamin Franklin Hotel 
through radio station WIP. 

Social events are also planned for 
the week-end, including a banquet 
to be given Saturday evening at the 
Bellevue-Stratford Hotel by Mrs. W. 

N. Eeynolds, in honor of the North 
Carolina Sesqui-Centennial commit- 
tee and a luncheon Monday given at 
the same hotel by Mr. and Mrs. A. L. 
Brooks, of Greensboro, in honor of 
Governor McLean and the Sesqui- 
Centennial committee. 

D ' A 'r?Tw ke Re « ues t For Change 
In Date of Carolina Day 

wJh he followin S article will be read 
wlth^a ereat deal of interest by' the 
"■ A. R. of Durham. Mrs M H 

cUy eS h^ I 1 "' * K " Pow « '«"t5 

N C. DA R hnT° Inted °" tb '\ 
j->. a. k. hostess committee: 

Governor A W *r„T 
Mrs W m d , McLe an and 

Salem Vh Revnol(Js . of Winston ' 
Salem, chairman of the State Worn 
| en's committee for the Sesqui-Cen 
tennial Exposition in Philadelphia 
have been requested by Mrs. Edwin | 

DauStf ^ , State regent of the 

Daughters of the American Revo" 

lut on to change North Carolina day I 

at the exposition from "-<■-<-- - I' 

-me :day during the ,a« fpar ' 

Octo ber , if possible, so that the day 

,.° f "f exposition, Decern- 
1926. To her is due the 
credit lor having Fhe house decor 
ated and furnished exactly as it was 
when as the nation's first "White 

brilliant social events of early Amer- 

sibmtrT AM he " " ti8 "spo e n- 
sib.hty of seeing that its household 
machinery is kept in prime run 
ring order for the official, hostesses 
coming for two . weeks at a time 
f.omeach of the thirteen origin" 
Holland Brown. state regent 

the hostess state, was first official 
hostess and remained through the 
month of June aiding Mrs Barton 
« .putting on the finishing &£2 
and adjusting the offirial 

misery Commission, Sesqui-Centen- ' exposition. 


R. hos- 
of the 


Hb&' . Brooke of Greensboro, !,V 

j". xur omcial service as hostesses a 
as representatives of th* -i"f~ 0n '. H ° Use ' he adquarters o 
on the N-" — 

-Ssion, Ses 

^^! b a ^d A Z i A t m^i 6f^« -o St - - 

«« at* -fe^jp "- --S 

Sesqui headquarters in ° t?e Hi *' fe? Caro^J, ( hostess ^od. Mor f 
Gro e ut,° f 76 ' S ^-Centennfj; kJe loXTZJoT ^ h * 
Mi,. J. Willis Martin, chairman of LZZ'J t^J° ,^e n 

the women's committee,' will 
the ^advisory board, assisted 
vice-chairman and the fc n <,f„„ 

assisted by her versary of 


Mountain, tetleen*-'* ■ ° £ Ki " gS 
, , to Tennessee. Octohe 
replicas of historic versary of the 
served in. he , u" ■ Tea ^ be Coiirthou 
am d Z™« ■ Indlan Queen Inn, North 


I augnters as hostesses at the Wash- 

r 15, the anni- 
Battle of Guilford 

Caroling , su ^ested fo: 

*-aiolma day 

2ss memt 

the Ame 

ien or 


ington House, which has been dec- 
orated and furnished exactly as it 
was when used by George Washing- 
ton. The time alloted to each state 
was in the order that the state rep- 
resentatives signed the Declaration 
of Independence. 

Each of the thirteen D. A. R. 
state organizaitons wlil be assessed 
$75 for the upkeep of the house 
during the time the state is hostess. 
No historical pageants or large en- ' 
itertainments, as first planned, will 
be given by the states, because of 
I the smallness of the house. The 
jonly expense to the committee 
j members will be their own person- 
al hotel and traveling expenses. 

Mrs. Gregory has been appoint- 
ed chairman of the North Carolina ] 

D. A. R. hostess committee and she 
will represent the state officially at 
the Washington House from Oc- 
tober 18 to October SO. She has 
appointed the following on the N. 
C. D. A. R. hostess committee: 

Mrs. C. M. Parks, Tarboro; Mrs. 
W. B. Murphy, S-nw Hill; Mrs. H. 

E. Eagan, Salisbury; Mrs. J. S. 
Williams, Asheville; Mrs. Hugh 
Murrill, Charlotte; Mrs. J. Talbot 
Johnson, Aberdeen; Mrs. E. L. Shu- 
ford, Hickory; Mrs. E. F. Reid, Le- 
noir; Mri;. W. O. Spencer, Mrs. Wm. 
N. Renyolds, Mrs E. B. Jones, Mrs. 
W. L. Reid, Miss Nita Masten, Win- 
ston-Salem; Mrs. D. C. Mauney. 
Kings Mountain; Mrs. H. H. Mc- 
Lendon, Wadesboro: Mrs. W. H. 
Cobb, Goldsboro; Mrs. E. B. Camp, 
Waynesville; Mrs. Joseph B. Tate 
and Mrs. Malcolm C. Piatt, Ashe- 
ville; Mrs. W. H. Blanton, Mrs. O. 
Max Gardner, Mrs. Clyde Hoey, 
Shelby; Mrs. Charles'. B. Wagoner, 
Miss Jenh Coltrane, Concord; Mrs. 
W. P. Kornegay. Mount Olive; Mrs. 
Charles S. Whitaker, Southern 
Pines; Mrs. A. S. Caldwell, High 
Point; Mrs. J. M. Dunlap, Anson- 
ville; Mrs. V. O. Parker. Mrs. An- 
gus McLean, Mrs. Josephus Daniels, 
Raleigh; Mrs. H. E. Thomas, Mrs. 
J. A. Houston, Miss Josie B. Hen- 
derson, Mrs. R. E. Pollock, Mrs. 
Eugene Reilley, Mrs. Benjamin 
Wyche, Mrs. C. W. Tlllett, Mrs. C. 
W. Tillett, Jr., Mrs. Alston Mor- 
rison, Mrs. Henry McAden, Mrs. 
Wm. H. Porcher, Mrs. Jeremiah 
Goff, Mrs. J. P. Caldwell, Mrs. 
Ralph Van Landingham, Mrs. 
Frank . B. Smith, Miss Cordelia 
Phifer, Mrs, Lilllngton Smith, Mrs. 
Cameron Morrison, Miss Ida Mor- 
rison, Miss Violet Alexander, Mrs. 
Stuart Cramer, Miss Julia Robert- 
son, Mrs. Jacob Binder, Miss Susie 
Hutchinson, Charlotte; Mrs. Rich- 
ard P. Holt, Rocky Mount; Mrs. C. 
C. Todd, Tarboro; Mrs. Sidney P. 
Cooper, Henderson; Miss Mary 
Ward, Mrs. C. L. Abernethy. Miss 
Getrtrude C'arraway, New Bern; 
Miss Margorit L. Gibson, Wilming- 
tpn; Mrs. 'Walter Woodard, Wilson; 
Mrs. Lester J. Huntley, Wadesboro; 
Mrs. Joseph S. Silversteen, Brevard; 
Miss Mayy Lewis Williams, Mrs. 
Peter Arlington, Warrenton; Mrs. 
William Kirby, Jr.. Mrs. W. H. 
Whitley, Miss Mary Babray, Albe- 
marle; Mrs. John Gorman, Miss 
Mary Henderson, Salisbury; Mrs. 
71. B^ Ferguson, Halifax; Miss Wil- 
lie B. Nicholson, Statesville; Mrs. E. 
K. Powe, Mrs. M. H. Jones, Dur- 
ham; Mrs. G. W. Mountcastle, Lex- 
ington; Mrs. A. R. Dunning, Wil- 
liamston; Mrs. W. R. Stone, Mrs. A. 
L. Brooks, Mrs. Paul Shenk, Mrs. 
Julian Price, Greensboro; Mrs. Ver- 
non Lockhart, Monroe; Mrs. T. A. 
Mott, Hickory; Mrs. J. W. Horner, 
Oxford; M.S. Michael Slienck, Hen- 
dersonville; Mrs. Frank C. Kugler, 
Miss Lida Rodman, Washington; 
Miss Katherine Templeton, Moores- 
ville; Mrs. Henry London, Pitts- 
boro; Mrs. Evelyn Nimocks, Fay- 
etteville; Mis. Leroy Springs; Lan- 
caster; Mrs. A. H. Powell. Oxford; 
Dr. Mary Martin Sloop, Crosenore; 
Mrs. T. C. Turnage, Farmville; Mrs. 
T. C. Finley, North Wilkesboro; 
Mrs. J. D. C. McCall, Parkton; Mrs. 
J. B. Smith, Greenville; Mrs. J. L. 
Dunn, Scotland Neck; Mrs. Mattie 
K. Parrott, Mrs. C. F. Harvey, Kin- 
ston; Mrs. Nat Townsend, Dunn; 
Miss Sallie Turner, Mrs. H. E. C. 
Bryt.nt, Mrs. W. G. Clark, Mrs. 
Gilmer Brenizer, Miss Jessica Smith, 
Mrs. Ellsworth, Mrs. Homer Lyon, 
Mrs. John H. Kerr and Mrs. E. W. 
Pou, Washington, D. C. 



state am 

D. A. R. Regent Asks Post- 

f mement Of N. C. Day 

At Sesqui; Announces 

State Hostesses 

(Special to Dally Record) 
NEW BERN. July 10.— A request 
has been forwarded to Governor A. 
W McLean and to Mrs. W. N. Rey- 
nolds, of Winston-Salem, chairman 
of the North Carolina Women's com- 
mittee for the Sesqui-Centennial ex- 
position in Philadelphia, that North 
Carolina Day at the exposition be 
changed from October 6 to some time 
during the latter half of October 
in order that more North Carolin- 
ians may be able to be present on 
the occasion. 

The request was made by Mrs. Ed- 
win C. Gregory, of Salisbury, State 
Regent of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution and chairman 
of the state hostess committee for 
the D. A. R Washington house o.t| 
the exposition from October IS to I 
October 30. 

Mrs. Gregory states that a num- 
ber of North Carolina women have 
requested the change. Many mem- 
bers of the D. A. R- state hostess 
committee are afto members of the 
North Carolina Day committee and 
it will be difficult for them to go to 
Philadelphia twice during the same 

October 15 has been suggested for 
North Carolina Day. The present 
date, October 6, was selected, after 
it had been learned that Octeber 
7, the anniversary of the battle of 
King's Mountain. 'had been given to, 
Tennessee by the exposition authori- 

The North Carolina Daughters of i 
the American Revolution appointed . 
to serve on the state hostess commit- 1 
tee by Mrs. Gregory are as follows : 
Mrs. C. M. Parks. Tarboro; Mrs. 
W. B. Murphy, Snow Hill; Mru H. 
-S.Eagan. Salisbury; Mrs. J. S- f Wil- 
Hams. Asheville: Mrs. Hugh Murrili. 
"harlotte; Mrs. J. Talbot Johnson, 
\berdeen ; Mrs. E. L. Shuford, Hick- 
ory; Mrs. E. F. Reid, Lenoir; Mrs. 
W. O. Spencer. Winston-Salem; Mrs. 
W. N. Reynolds, Winston-Salem ; Mrs. 
Angus McLean, Raleigh; Mrs. D. C. ! 
Mauney. King's Mountain; Mrs. Ru- 1 
fus "Jwynn. Lenoir; Mrs. J. Lloyd 
Wade Dunn; H. H. McLendon, , 
Wadesboro; Mrs. W. H. Cobb. Golds- : 
bor,o; Mrs. E. B. Camp. Waynesville; 
Mrs. J seph B. Tate, Asheville- Mrs. 
. W H Blanton. Mrs. Clyde Hoey 
Mrs. O. Ipi-x Gardner, Shelby; Mrs. 
Charles B, W:^,i; r-r, Miss Jenn Col- 
train Concord; Mrs. W. P. Kornegay, 
Bfount Olive; Mrs. v. O. Parker, Ra- 
leigh; Mrs. A. S. Caldwell, High 
•Point; Mrs. Charles M. Whitaker. 
'■Southern Pines; Mrs. J. M. Dunlap, 
Snsonville; Mrs. H. E. Thomas, 
Charlotte; Miss Josie Henderson, 
Charlotte: Mrs. Richard P. Holt, 
Rocky Mount; Mrs. C. C. Todd. Tar- 
fcoro; Mrs. Sidney. P. Cooper, Hen- 
derson; Mrs. E. B. Jones, Winston- 
Salem; Miss Mary Ward. Mrs. C. L. 
Abemethy. Miss Gertrude Carraway, 
iNew Bern; Miss Margaret L. Gibson, 
Wilmington; Mrs. Walter Woodard, I 
Wilson; Mrs. Lester J. Huntley, 
WacV'boro; Mrs. J. S. Silversteen, 
'Brevard; Miss Mary Lewis Williams, 
Mrs. Peter Arrington, Warrenton; 

Mrs. William Kirby, Jr.. Mrs. Rufus 
Johnston, Gastonia: Mrs. Will H. 
Whitley. Albemarle; Mrs. John Gor- 
man. Miss Mary Henderson. Salis- 
bury; Mrs. H. B. Ferguson. Halifax; 
Miss Willie B. Nicholson. Statesville; 
Mrs. E. K. Powe. Mrs. M. H. Jones, 
Durham: Mrs. W. L. Reid. Winston- 
Salem ; Mrs. G. W. Mountcastle. Lex- 
ington : Mrs. A. R. Durring. Williams- 
ton; Mrs. W. R. Stone, Greensboro; 
Miss Nita Maeten. Winston-Salem; 
Mrs. Robert E. Pollock. Mrs. Eugene 
Reilley. Mrs. Benjamin Wyche. Mrs. 
C. W. Tillett, Mrs. C. W. Tillett, Jr., 
Mrs. Alston Morrison. Mrs. Henry 
McAden, Mrs. William H. Porcher, 
Mrs. Jermiah Golf. Mrs. J. P. Cald- 
well, Mrs. Ralph Van Landingham, 
Mrs. Frank F. Smith, Miss Cordelia 
Phifer, Mrs. Lillington Smith. Mrs. 
Cameron Morrison, Miss Ida Morri' 
son, Mrs. Stuart. Cramc-r, Miss Julia, 
Robertson. Miss Violet Alexander,') 
Mrs. Jacob Binder, Miss Susie Hutch-,., 
inson, Charlotte; Mrs. Vernon Lock-] 
hart, Monroe; Mrs. T. A. Mott. Hick- 
ory;' Mrs. J. W. Horner, Oxford; Mrs. 
Michael Schenck, Hendersnoville; 
Mrs. Frank Kugler, Miss Lida Rod- 
man. Washington; Miss Katherine 
Templeton. Mooresville; Mrs. 

Josephus Daniels. Raleigh; Mrs. Hen- 
1 r y London; Pittsboro: Mrs. Evelyn 
Nimocks. Fayetteville; Mrs. LerciY 
Springs. Lancaster. S. C: Mrs. Paul 
Schenck. Greensboro; Mrs. Malcolm 
C.' Piatt; Asheville; Dr. Mary Martin 
Sloop, Crossnore; Mrs. Theo. S. Mor- 
rison, AshevilVe; Mrs. Ellen. F. 
Cooper, Henderson; Mrs. A. H. 
Powell, Oxford; Mrs. A. L. Brooks, 
Mrs. Julian Price, Greensboro; Mrs. 
T. C. Turnage, Farmville; Mrs. T. C. 
Finley, North Wilkesboro; Mrs. J. 
D. C. McCall. Parkton; Mrs. J. B. 
Smith. Greenville; Mrs. J. L. Dunn, 
Scotland Neck; Mrs. Mattie K. Par- 
rott, Mrs. Felix Harvey, Kinston; 
Miss Mary Mabry, Albemarle; Mrs. 
Nat Townsend, Dunn; Mrs. Homer 
Lyon, Mrs. John H. Kerr, Mrs. E. 
W. Pou, Mrs. Ellsworth. Miss Sallte 
A. Turner, Mrs. H. E. C. Bryant, Mrs. 
William Graham Clark, Mrs. Gilmer 
Breuizer and Miss Jessica Randolph 
Smith, Washingtor, D. C. 

Governors of tbe original 13 states 
ore expected to be present at that 
time, he said. 

The North Carolina bay of the 
memorial chapel to George Washing- 
ton at Valley Forge will be dedi- 
cated on June 17. The funds for 
this bay were raised by Mrs. S. Wes- 
tray Battle, of Asheville. 

Adjutant General J. B. Van Metts 
has been authorized to have North 
Carolina represented in the Flag Day, 
celebrations by companies of the 1 
North Carolina National Guard. 

Mrs. W. N. Reynolds, Winston- 
Salem, and A. L. Brooks, Greensboro, 
are North Carolina members of tin 


Descendant of One of Signers 

From State Appointed On 


Governor McLean has asked that 
October 6 be named as North Caro- 
lina Day at the Sesqui-Centennial 
exposition :u Philadelphia, he said 
today. He had formerly asked fori 
October 7, the date of the Battle of 
King's Mountain, but has been in- 
formed that Tennessee had already 
requested that date for Tennessee 
Day. October 6 has no State signifi- 

As a member of the North Caro- 
lina committee to represent North 
Carolina at the exposition, the Gov- 
ernor today named M. L. Hewes, a 
desceudant"of Joseph Hewes, one of 
the North Carolina signers of the 
Declaration ol Independence. Mr. 
Hewes makes his home in Hartford, 

Governor McLean expects to be in 
Philadelphia on June 14, 15 and 10. 
The 14th has been named as Flag 
Day, and President Coolidge and the 

national advisory committee on the 
exposition. The two North Carolina 
members were appointed by Presi- 
dent Coolidge, on recommendation ; 
pf Governor McLean. 

N. C. Sesqui Conmi, 

Invited to Banquet 

New Bern. Sept. 20. — Invitations 
have been issued as follows: You 
are cordially invited to attend a 
banquet given in honor of the 
North Carolina Sesqui-Centennial 
Committee.' Bellevue-Stratforrl Ho- 
tel. Saturday evening. October 9, 
1926 at 7 o'clock. R. S. V. P. Mrs 
George Brown. Robert E. Lee Ho 
tel. Winston -Salem. N. C. 

Carolina Young 
Women as Pages 

Special to The Journal 
New Bern, Aug. 18. — Among th» 
young women of North Carolina 
chosen to act as pages at the cel- 
ebration Tnesday at Moore's Creek 
bridge in Pender County are the 

Mrs. Z. K. Bell, of Wilmington, 
chairman of pages; Mrs. Fred! 
Powell, Fayetteville; Mrs Ernest 
V. Perkinson. Southern Pines; 
Mrs. Lilliam Wooten, Goldsboro- 
Misses Nisbeth Parrott, Kinston; 
Alice Lee Hooker and Pearl 
Wright, Greenville; Elizabeth. 
Fields and Ellen Lewis, Farmville- ' 
Elaine Goode, Rocky Mount; Eliz- 
abeth Wooten, Mount Olive; Janie 
Allsbrook, Tarboro; Mary Alice; 
.Harding. Raleigh; Grace Stewart, 
New Bern; Lucille Stanton, Wil- 
son; Angelina Morrison, Josephine 
Houston and Dean Van Landing- 
ham, Charlotte; Mary L. Boykin, 
Wilmington; Annie Thomas Arch- 
bell, Washington; , May Davtes 
Hopkins, Greensboro; Elizabeth 
Shelton. Winst-h-Salem: Elizabeth 
Gorman, Josephine Craige Kluttz 
and Betsy McCorkle, Salisbury; 
Rebecca Ward, Atkinson; Nancy 
Sidbury, Rocky Point: Sallie 
Marshburn, Maple Hill; Nellie Lu- 


Accepts Invitation To Take! 
Part In Sesqui Centennial ) 
Exposition In June 

Governor McLean accepted an in- ' 
vitation yesterday to take part in i 
the Sesqui-Centennial International 
Exposition in Philadelphia June 14, 
15 and 16, and to assist in unveil- 
ing the rnemorials to the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. 
Captain James A. B. Franciscus, 
secretary of the Sesqui-Centennial 
Association, and special emissary of 
the mayor of Philadelphia, extend- 
ed the invitation to Governor Mc- 
Len and presented him with the I 
key to the Sesqui-Centennial. Hej 
was accompanied by Adjutant Gen-' 
eral J. Van B. Betts and Col. 
Royce McClelland, of the Governor's 

The State of North Carolina will 
be represented by the Fayetteville 
Light Infantry, Wilmington Light 
Infantry, and the Hornet's Nest 
Riflemen of Charlotte, who will ac- 
company the Governor to Philadel- 
phia to participate in the exercises. 

On Flag Day Observance which 
will be held June 14, the Sesqui- 
Centennial will be formally dedi- 
cated. A special program is now , 
being arranged for the unveiling off 
the 13 heroic memorials to the. 
memory of the 56 signers of rho ; 
Declaration of Independence, the I 
Governor from each State to unveil 
the memorial to the signers from 
his State. 

The parade and review of repre- 
sentatives of the army, navy and 
marine corps, and the Centennial 
Legion is expected to be one of th 


3t interesting and colorful pag- 
ts ever seen. 

"""""d j.i.ia.j-'ic nm; i\«iue jjU 

cas, Currie. and Hatcher 


(Special To The Citizen) 

Mrs. Alfred J. Brosseau, of Harbor 
E.oad, Greenwich, Conn., president 
general of the National Society of 
the Daughters of the American 
R.evolution, and Mrs. Edwin C. 
Gregory, of Salisbury, state regent. 
D. A. R., were honor guests at a 
delightful dinner party given Tues- 
day evening by Mrs. Evelyn If. 
Nimocks at the Prince Charles 
Iiotel in Fayetteville. 

Philadelphia Station to 

broadcast "State Song r 

Special to The Journal 
Philadelphia, Sept. 23. — North 
Carolina's State song, "The Old 
North State Forever." will be 
heard tor the first time from one 
of the leading broadcasting sta- 
tions of America on the evening of 
"North Carolina Day" at the 
Sesqui-Centennial. ana If the State 
should send any singers along they 
will be asked to sing it into the 
microphone, in honor of Governor 
McLean, who is expected to be 
here, and of the day in general. 

The station through which the 
North Carolina sonr will be heard 
is WIP operated by Gimbel Broth- 
ers. Philadelphia, and it will come 
from the main dining room of the 
Benjamin Franklin Hotel. W. Ir- 

ving Oppenheim, director and 
broadcaster, tonight declared to 
the North Carolina representative 
here at present in charge of the 
State's exhibit: "I will be glad 
to broadcast this song and you 
may, if you like, announce it 
through the press of your state." 
This will be a distinctive honor 
accorded North Carolina and the 
vitors it sends for "North Carolina 
Day" at the Sesqui. Only on rare 
occasions are the programs of the 
big broadcasting stations altered 
for any reason. Director Oppen- 
heim declared he would be de- 
lighted to do this in honor of 
"one of the finest states in the 
American republic." 


I f, . . ■ 

• ,-,..r 

ASHEVIlll will 

(Special to Tlie Citizen) 

HALEIGH, N. C, May 20.— Gov. 
A. W. McLean. Col. Wade H. Phil- 
lips, head of the State Department 
of Development and Conservation, 
and Charles W. Piquet, in charge 
of the North Carolina chorus for 
the Sesqui-Centennial Exposition 
at Philadelphia, will be the prin- 
cipal speakers at a meeting of the 
Woman's Committee from North 
Carolina for the exposition to be 
held here Friday at 11 o'clock at 
a local hotel, with Mrs. W. N. 
Reynolds, of Winston-Salem, chair- 
man, presiding. Definite plans will 
be formed, for North Carolina's 
exhibit at the exposition and for 
the program to be presented on 
October 3, North Carolina Day. 

From Asheville the following 
women are members of the com- 
mittee of about 65 women: M- 
Westray Battle, Mrs. Fred See 
and Airs. George Stephens. 

Co to Philadelphia. 

New Bern, May 9. — Members of 
the North Carolina Women's Com- 
mittee of the Philadelphia Sesqui- 
Centennial Exposition will meet at 
11 o'clock Tuesday at the Greens- 
boro Country Club to confer with 
Mrs. William N Reynolds, o£ Wins- 
I ton-Salem, State women's chairman. 
->nd Mrs. A. L. Brooks, of Greens- 
boro, chairman of North Carolina 
D.iy program, in regard to the ar- 
rangements for North Carolina 
features at the exposition. 

After a business meeting in the 
morning, the members of the com- 
mittee will be entertained at lunch- 
eon by Mrs. Brooks. About 65 
women from various parts of the 
State compose ' committee. 


Sun-Journal Bureau 
Sir Walter Hotel. 

. Sept. 24.— North Caro- 
lina day at the Scqui-Centennial in 
-^hUadelphia k. to ,,, one of the me- 
mormble- days of the exposition, hi 
the result of pi^., now bo , nff -/_ 

. e ,;!;^ W th c Sesqui manager, and 

M='( h Jrr" '""' ] '" e " madc Public by 
Maj. Wade H. Phillips, secretary ' 
"e state sesqui-centennia 1 


the honor 
high milita 
during the 

ho I 
this same ' 
mittee of North 

A. W. McLean will be 
ruest, and will be given 
y and navnl honors, and 
<">urse of the day ., vjn 
«*"vor an address on the site of 
North Carolina Pylon At 
tim. the state com 
Carolina women, of which Mrs Wil 
■am N. Reynoh,s, v of Win s to„- Sa t4 
« .chairman, will present a No,™ 

for a "1 W " t0 the committee 
for a permanent memorial to be 
kept among the archives of the Thir 
teen states at Philadelphia. 
r hls cay will be one ot the big- 

Ca t° n P L " tleS f °'- North Carl-j 
larL J \ T sent «' 'fl the nation at 
la ge that has yet been offered it" 

North Ca r7""- l hOPP that « »4 

Sreserit a r;, n ' ans as posf!ib 'e will be 

Sesqui-Centennial of Moore's 

Creek Battle To Be 


New Bern, Aug. 11— A large num- 
ber of invitations have been sent 
out to various Congressmen, mem- 
bers of the National Board of the 
Daughters of the American Bevolu- 
fcion, State officers and committee 
chairmen, D. A. B., and other prom- 
inent citizens, inviting them to at- 
tend the sesqui-eentennial celebra- 
tion of the Battle of Moore's Creek 
at the battlefield on August 24. 

"The Daughters of the American 
Eevolution of the State of North 
Carolina, Mrs. Edwin Clarke Greg- 
ory, State Begent, and the Moore's 
Creek Battle Ground Association, 
Mr. George J. Moore, president, re-' 
quest the honor of your presence 
at the sesqui-eentennial celebration 
of the Battle^ of Moore's Creek, sev- 
entecd hundred and seventy-six, at 
jMooreJs Creek, Bender county, North 
i Carolina, on Tuesday, August the 
twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and 
twenty-six, ten-thirty o'clock." 

On inside pages of the. invitations 
!are listed the officers of the Moore's 
.Creek Battle Ground association and 
the members of the D. A. B. Moore's 
; Creek battleground committee, as 

"Moore's Creek Battle Ground As- 
sociation, Bender county, North 
Carolina. G. J. Moore, president; 
Jesse Lucas, vice-president; J. E. 
Hawes, W..H. Lewis, R. C. Murphy, 
Julian Keith, directors; C. D. Mur- 
phy, secretary; H. C. Walker, treas- 
urer ; W. B. Walker, custodian ; J. 
W. Flynn, J. M. Simpson, ' A. D. 
Ward, J. E. Henry, A. E. Cur], F. 
B. Orr and B. J. Corbett." 

"State of North Carolina, The 
Daughters of the American Bevo- 
lution Moore's Creek Battle Ground 
committee : Mrs. Theodore Carlyle 
Turnage, chairman; Mrs. Charles 
Whitaker, regent, Alfred Moore 
chapter; Mrs. Walter Woodard, re- 
gent Thomas Hadlcy chapter; Miss 
Mary Ward, regent Kichard Dodds 
Spaight chapter.; Mrs. W. K. Cobb, 
regent David Williams chapter, and 
Mrs. Charles L. Abernethy." 


Govtrnor McLean Tells of What Ii 

Being Done — Lauds Col. Ashe's 

Histories! Sketch. 

Dally N.w. Bureau and Telegraph Office 

-12 Tuokar BulMlriE (By Leased Wire 

Raleigh July S—Governor McLea 

v ho has been trying to get the sta 

, p n h t f,"A t , e A'. n "'Y^'-ntennia., '. 

today issued a shor 

to publicity abou 



great work Cantaln Ashe has done 
thl v ,P a ' Jllna ' Particularly in 

sate »„' Cat J° n °i h ' s h,at °™ °f tie 
state, the second volume of which 
was recently issued. Personallv t 
should like to bear public" teSony 
gratitude I f ee l to Captain 
foi his unselfish and conspicu- 
ous service to the state. It is a m v 
" so i e J have appreciated his 

When"? .T 0mly t0 I"»rchasa a set. 
When I have occasion to investisrato 

Una history I intuitively turn to 
ve^fful.fttt *><* »* /TaliL , 
without Vt" 1 "" J C0Uifl "' t Eet al °n*j 

OF 30 D. A. R PAGES 

■ Es HeM 

tenn il 

L. Brooks, of 
'"an of the state 


"PS onf erred" at 'Ven'"/' MaJ '° r Phi '- 

aocompan'-3d by 
Van B. Metti 


nor Mcfcean will be 
Adjutant General J 
and his entire staff 

^e^o'^lo'r ,e " Unr ' 0n0 <° 
occasi0n a memorable one. 


statement relativ 
North Carolina in the great "city": 
Governor McLean said: 
"In addition to the printed matte, 
descriptive of North Carolina's nat- 
uial and industrial resources to be 
distributed at the North Carolina 
headquarters at the sesqui-eentennial 
exposition there will also be distrlb- 
' an historical sketch which fs 
preparation containing a brief 
iiuL:o it rf North Carolina's part H 
, the .ents leading up \ -e De-lar 
|tion of Independence it .' ■ ir 
! the revolution. 

"When this mauer 
upon every one concerned 
of no one so co npeten^ 
the historical sketch 
A. Ashe. Captain / 
consented to do the wuili and' 'or th 
reason we all know that it will be 
done welt. c 

! "Let me say in this oonnection 
that sometimes I feel that the rank 
ana hie or our people do not appre- 
ciate as fully as they should the 

: led 
^--- tnink 
to prepare 
Captain S. 
h s kindly 

Following a delightful luncheon 
at which' Mrs. A. L. Brooks acted 
as hostess, Tuesday a splendid 
meeting of the sesqui-eentennial 
committee, appointed by Governor 
McLean, was held at the Country 
club. During thje meeting plans 
were discuss&d by which North 
Carolina exhibit and North Carolina 
day, on October 6th in partielar, 
could be made a complete success. 
A letter was also read by A. L. 
Brooks, seating, that the oontenaial 
would open as aforementioned, and 
all matters pointed as to successful 

Local women who were on the 
committee besides Mrs. Brooks were 
Mrs. Bernard Cone, Mrs. E. W. 
Myers, and Mrs. E. D. Broadhurst. 
By special invitation of Mrs. A. W. 
McLean and Mrs. Albert Cox, the 
committee next May in Raleigh for 
the purpose of formulating plans. 

Committee members include: Gov- 
ernor and Mrs. A. W. McLean, Mr. 
and Mrs. A. L. Brooks, Mesdames 
Williams Reynolds, Burton Craig, 
George Brown, Kenneth Mountcastle, 
S. Clay Williams, Lola Johnson, 
Robert Dick Shore, Lindsay Patter- 
sen, Clement Manly, H. Hanes, How- 
ard Roundthaler , Owen Moore, 
Charles A. Kent, Buenna Memms, 
Ralph Hanes, Agnew Bahnson, Bow- 
man Gray, Thurmap Chatham, Carl 
W. Harris, Miss Adelaide Fries, all 
of Winston-Salem; Mesdames W. A. 
Dunn. Stuart Cramer, Arthur Drap- 
er. John Scott, Ralph Van Landing- 
ham, Jeremiah .Golf, Cameron Mor- 
rison and Miss Julia Alexander, all 
of Charlottee; Dr. Delia Dixon Car- 
roll, Wesdames L. H. Marler, Mis3 
Evelyn ee, Josephone Daniels, Kate 
Burr Johnson, Miss Mary Hilliard 
Hinton and Albert Cox, all of Ra- 
leigh: Mesdames Fred Seely, West- 
ray Battle, Frank Stevens, all of 
Asheville: Mrs. J. F. Cecil, of Bilt- 
more; Mesdames John Bellamy, Wal- 
ter Sprunt, W. A. Dick, A. M. Wad- 
dell, of Wilmington; Mesdames El- 
wood Cox, R. B. Terry, H. A. Millis, 
of High Point; Mesdames Max Gard- 
ner, Clyde Hoey, Mrs. Joseph Can- 
non and Miss Jennie Coltrane, of 
Concord; Mrs. B. Frank Mebane, of 
'Spray; Mrs. Jefferson Penn, of 
ieidsville; Mrs. Mary Martin Sloop. 
, it Crossmore; Mrs. Lou Filmore, of 
>Vilson; Mrs. James Harkness, of 
itatesville; Miss Gertrude Carrawav 
of New Bern; Mrs. Felix Harvey, of 
Kinston; Mrs. Peter Arlington, of 
tVarrington; Mrs. Edwin R. Over- 
oan and Mrs. Edwin C. Gregory, of 
, alisbury; Mrs. Dolph Long, of Gra- 
' am; Mrs. A. L. McKee, of Sylvia; 
Mrs. George Ragan, of Gastonia; 
Mrs. A. M. Kisler; of Morganton: 
Mrs. Charles R. Thomas and Mrs. 
R L. Lee of Waynesville; Mrs. David 
H. Blair, of Washington; Mrs. John 
Sprunt Hill and Mrs. John F. M.. 
W.ley, of Durham; Mrs. A. M. Smith, 
of Elkin; Mrs. Archibald Johnson. 
of Thomasville, and Mrs. Crawford 
Biggs, of Raleigh. 

Eastc- n North Carol, ,a 
Au acts Many At W it 
B ac' Cel'Vation ? 

Fun ition 
e T al- 

(.'■ tt .".-lilyi.ew 

Nev !( A us "X — As 

and t. ole con ;lusion 

sesqui nUrinial celeb 

Moore " '. 'eek 1 vttle was 

io Jy 

n of 

ball er- uy ° ,'enlng, gi 
courtesy y w. C. Goldston 

, a 
n -a. ,^er 

of "White Lake beach, complimenting: 
the 30 North Carolina Daughters of 
Revolutionary patriots who acted as 
pages at the celebration. 

Chief Marshal Julian Keith, Robert 
Murphy and Cutlar -Moore directed 
che dances, music being furnished by 
an orchestra. The floor was crowded 
with young men and girls from rll 
part; of eastern North Carolina. 

G; ;eful figures, in which the 
you > dancers presented a colorful 
and I illiant picture, were led by Mrs. 
Cuthbert Martin, of "Wilmington, 
eh-orman of the ball; Mrs. Z. K. Bell, 
of Wlmington, chairman of the 
page , Mr, and Mrs. Julian Keith, Mr. 
and [ s. Robert Murphy, Mrs. John 
Hushe Anderson. of.Fayetteville, and 
\ C;ith.. Moore. 

Novel souvenirs were given the at- 
tendarts, carrying out the patriotic 
coioj- scheme. t)ancing was enjoyed 
until the wee small hours, the affair 
being irie of the most brilliant social 
s Tee'' ses of tire- season. 

peroris for the occasion were 
? n obert Wright, Greenville; Mrs. 
".. i.\ Hooker. Greenville: Mrs. 

■Tamt Parrott, Kinston; Mrs. Roscoe 
FleW Farmville; Mrs. John H. An- 
ders i Fayetteville: Mrs. E. C. "Davis, 
D. u Mrs. J. R. Hawes, Atkinson, 
and Mrs. T. C. Turuage. Farmville. 
The pages for the celebration were 
1 Mu W. A. Royall, of Goldsboro, 
Mis es Katherine Mason . Waddell, 
j Winifred Davis Waddell, Mildred 
J Moore Waddell. Rebekah Wyrick 
Waddell and Frances Swann V.'addell, 
j of Manchester, descendants of Gen- 
era- James Moore, of Moore's Creek 
I f p ;: M.-3S6S Lucy Blake, of Willard: 
Lucille ~~\ oore-. Elm City; May Davie 
Hopkins, Greensboro: Mary L. Boy 
kin, 'v'i ning'ton: Janie Allsbrodk, 
Grace Stewart, New Bern ; 
jode, Rocky Mount; Ellen 
"armville; Elisabeth Fields, 
e; Alice Lee Hooker, Green- 
nie Thomas Arch bell'. Wash 

I l.:ainp 

I Lewis, 
ville; , 

ington;. Lucille Stanton, Wilson: Lis 
both Parrott, Kinston; Nellie Lucas, 
Currie; Nancy Lidbury, Rocky Mount; 
Salli'e Marshburn. Maple Hill; Eliza- 
beth Woo ten, Mount Olive; Rebecca 
Ward. At inson; Mary Alice Harding, 
Raleigh; Eleanor Hatcher, Dunn; 
Pearl Wright, Greenville; Josephine 
KItittz, Salisbury: Betsy McCorkle, 
Salisbury: Josephine Houston, Char- 
lotte: A', Telia Morrison, Charlotte; 
Elizabe* Shelton, Winston -Sa-tein;; 
Lovela^. " Bizzell, Kinston, and Mrs, 
John Poi\ ell, Fayetteville; Mrs. E. B. 

II Perkinsor Southern Pines; Mrs. Lil- 
( Uan D. Wooten, Goldsboro.