0U/L a&eustJu jutitt otAi&ffi
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rather well. I like the structure of the detective novel. People
sometimes ask me whery I came by this morbid interest. ..but it isn't
morbid! The detective novel is the modern morality play. People
move in and out of a matrix of law and due process. I agree with
G.K. Chesterton: People who don't like detective stories are
JF : Do you get ideas from everyday life or is this a totally
WALKER : It's a totally different world, and you shouldn't ask a
detective story to reflect life, any more than you should ask
the ballet to reflect life. Real murder is ugly, and usually
quite simple. Eighty-five percent of the people who are murdered
know their killer. It's your friends that do you in.
JF: You're a real student of human nature. Seriously, have you
a degree in Psychology?
WALKER: I'm a sociologist in poor repair.
JF: How long have you been at SMU?
WALKER : This is finishing up my third year, coming around into
JF: What changes have you seen since you first came here?
WALKER: It's hard to tell, exactly. I hope the self-image of the
Univeristy is improving. This is a first-rate teaching university.
I've noticed some tendency to suffer from what Chopin referred
to as Englishman's Disease. Chopin complained that the Englishman
tended to play the good notes with indifference and the bad notes
with great feeling., I think to some extent that applied to the
academic community when I arrived: it is less so now. I think
that more creative things are going on - they tend to be invisible -
but if you look at the number of new programs that have been
instituted in the last few years - and not by me - they indicate
a better, more concerned climate. I think the University has
improved its position in the state tremendously because legislators
have become more aware of what an excellent institution this
is. There has been considerable improvement in our budget
JF: I understand you went to the Theatre Company Box Office to
pick up tickets for their recent production and they asked who
you were. This must be disconcerting, not having people know
who you are.
WALKER: Not really. It's normal in any large organization for
Presidents to be relatively unknown. The thing I regret about
it is that I don't have time to get out and meet more students
individually although I do meet a surprising number. But no,
it doesn't distress me at all. I think the job of the President
is to get things done, to create a climate on a campus where
the juices can flow, because there is a great deal of innovative
wit on the campus. The job of the President is not to do a
grandstand show and have people marvel at the wonder of his
presence, but rather to create a climate in which everyone
participates, everyone shares the credit, everyone takes the
bows, everyone wins the solutions, as well as the problems, and
I think a relatively low profile, where ego needs are subordinated
to the chemistry of the institution, is a style that I prefer and
try to cultivate. The bad part of that is since I'm a "Touch"
administrator andlike to move around and see people and like people,
I'm frequently deprived of that. Now, I do have stand-up
appointments once a week where students can come in with anything
on their mind, but I must say that I get surprisingly few takers.
JF: Well, why don't you tell us something about yourself. I
understand, for instance, that you write mystery novels.
WALKER: Yes, that is something that I do between midnight and the
time I go to bed. I do like detective literature, I think it's
a much more subtle form of literature, a genre that's sometimes
neglected because the characters tend to be plastic, unreal
characters, as they are not novels of personal development and
character deliniation, although some detective writers do that
situation, whereas three years ago we were starving to death,
financially. We still have very real problems, but things are
improving. I've noticed SMU is becoming more of a center and
resource, in the best sense, for a University for this part of
the Commonwealth. We are serving the community in more realistic
JF: What changes have you seen in the attitude of the students?
WALKER: I think the students here are a remarkable group. I think
they are much more articulate, much more informed, much more
aware of the University's general problems than any campus of which
I have been aware. I don't know the reason for this. I don't
know that I have noticed any particular change, except that the deep
concern that students have for this University has become very
apparent in the budget issue. I don't know that this represents
a change, I think it was always there, it is just now being
expressed in constructive ways that are noticable....Well, why
dontcha ask me what I hope to do at SMU?
JF: Alright, what do you hope to do at SMU?
WALKER : Okay, it seems to me we've got a couple of goals here at
SMU. One we'll call institutional goals. We conducted a poll
of the constuencies inside and outside the University to see what
people expected SMU to be. Interestingly enough, what our
constituents expect us to be inside and outside the University is not
primarily a teaching University but a full-purpose, full-range
community-oriented University. Those are the goals that we
pursue. I don't think a University President can come in with
a blueprint and cut off the parts that don't fit. I think a
University is an organic, growing - if you'll permit me to be
metaphorical - living organism that must be sensitively managed.
Some one once said no one should tamper with Universities that
does not know them or love them. My father and his father before
him were both university professors. I have a deep affection
JF: It runs in the family.
WALKER: It runs in the family. That is one type of goal, there
is another kind of goal I hope we can serve at SMU - a kink of
process goal, the way we make decisions. We talk about democracy
in universities, most Universities are not nearly democratic
enough, though they are more democratic than, say, most
business organizations. What we are trying to do here is get
people involved in making decisions who are going to be affected
by those decisions. ..to maintain a totally open communicative style.
Now, it's hard going, because there are people here who bear
deep scars, and we spend a good deal of time treating one another
for paranoia. But basically, I see the climate of trust
growing, at least in this building and to some extent among
the students and faculty. It takes a great deal of time. But
one of the things I hope we can do is innovate by getting more
people involved in decision-making, by decentralising authority,
and at the same time getting things done, so that decisions don't
wait for a consensus to emerge. The way administrators do that
is by maintaining a relatively low profile and by getting the
juices flowing in other people and maintaining a high
profile outside the institution acting as ambassador for the
University to the community.
JF: How about your personal goals? Would you like to see your
mystery novels published? Or, have you already had material
WALKER: I have had a science-fiction story published in a literary
magazine; I have not yet published a mystery story, but yes, I
certainly would like to have one of those published, and I have
one that I think will be published.
JF: Any last words?
WALKER: Go, and send no more.
Torrey L. Adams
Patricia A. Almeida
David A. Amarelo
DEAN SAURO, College of Arts and Sciences
As you are about to leave SMU, I cannot help but wonder
whether we have successfully provided you with the
opportunities to achieve the goals you set when you
first entered the University. During these past four
years you have helped to provide many changes within
the University, particularly in regard to greater
student involvement in curriculum development and
faculty evaluation. It is unfortunate that although we
actively desire and solicit your involvement as a stu-
dent, we often fail to involve you in evaluating the
University, its programs, and faculty after graduation.
Therefore, I personally ask each one of you sometime
during this next year to reflect on the four years you
have studied at SMU and to assess those aspects of your
educational experience which you have found to be of
the greatest value to you, those which you found to be
of little or no value to you, and those which you feel
actually had a negative affect on your efforts to achieve
your career goals. After you have reflected on your
experiences at SMU would you please write to inform us
of your views. Your experience both at SMU and in the
year or two after graduation can play an important part
in our self-evaluation as an educational institution.
By sharing with us your assessment of where we have
succeeded and where we have failed, you shall continue
to be an active member in our educational development.
My best wishes to you on this day and in the years ahead. □
Cynthia L. Ambrosenc
Judy H. Ashcroft
JACK LEITE, President, Senior Class
A lot of progress has been made at SMU in the
past four years. It seems the campus has doubled in
physical facilities as well as enrollment. But as this
institution has grown, so has its concern for its
students. During the Driscoll era when we had the strike
and boycotts, SMU became a political issue, and of
course also during this time frame was the burden of
the Vietnam conflict. With all these political issues
at hand, it was easy to see where the students' heads
were at. But after all this let's say from 1971 on,
this institution has changed its course to becoming a
full functioning university. As a way of rounding out
everything, students have gained the necessary input
that had been lacking previously. Showing a concern
for students, we have seen strong viable organizations
grow, for example SAP, Concert Series, Women's Center,
BSU, Fraternities, etc.
As for me, my education here has been adequate,
unfortunately it hasn't been in the classroom, but I
know that is not true for all the students, o
Karen L. Bean
Steven H. Bastoni
Donald A. Barrette
Lino P. Barreto
Robert R. Blanchard
Frederick M. Blanchette
Andrew J. Blaszczak
Leslie A. Bonini
Wow! Where did the time go? It seems like such
a short time ago that I was stumbling through freshman
registration and now I'm an alumnus. The class of '75
is history! And what a hectic four years! Watergate,
the energy crisis, the recession, the ascednancy of
an imbecile to the White House, and the real end of the
Vietnam war. And whatever happened to Joe Driscoll"
We've laughed a lot and cried a little, too, in our
four years here at Concrete College. Some of us may
have even learned something in the process (as unlikely
as it may seem).
Seriously, though, SMU may be in for some hard
times in the near future. Regardless of what the
governor promises, cutbacks in funds for education is
very close to becoming a reality. I don't mean just
in 1975. Only God could clear up in one year the fiscal
mess Massachusetts is in (and, judging from history
He's a Republican anyway). In times like now it has
been traditional to take the cleaver to areas of human
services and public higher education looks pretty fat
to the wielders of that cleaver. They'll take consider-
ably more than the proverbial pound of flesh and won't
be bothered by the blood either. So it's up to us, I
guess. Whether or not we like to admit it, we do owe
something to this institution and, at this point, I
think we can best begin to repay SMU by being at the
forefront of the school's battle for autonomy. I know
it sounds like I'm beating a dead horse, but this one
has a knack for resurrection. And as long as UMass
Amherst is as influential on Beacon Hill as it has been,
SMU is threatened. Also, it appears very likely that
the UMass Harbor Campus will be getting the Kennedy
Library and you can bet that the state will be funnel-
ing millions into that project, some of which could be
Bruce F. Castonquay
Joseph A. Borgatti Jr.
Mary E. Breslin
Ardyth C. Briggs
Paul R. Brodeur
and should be earmarked for SMU.
Well, I've taken up enough space so I'll quit on
that cheery note. Good Luck '75. You're a sleepy
apathetic bunch but you're the only class I've got.
See you in the real world. Oh, one more thing. If you
see a book with my name on it, buy it.
BOB DIPIETRO & BOB PARSONS
Jim: How ya doin'?
Bob DiPietro: Oh, fine thank you. It's a nice day.
I wish I was home in bed.
Jim: And yourself?
Bob Parsons: Well I don't know...l guess I'd like to
be home in bed too. Ah. ..not his bed though. My
own will do.
Jim: You wish to make that clear?
Bob DiPietro: Please! o
Brenda: I've met a lot of looney tunes here. A lot
of looney tunes! Some of those looney tunes are
really my best friends. I guess that makes me a
looney tunes too. So, in effect coming to SMU will
make you a looney tune, 'cause you are what your
Jim: Very intelligent.
Brenda: Intelligent my ass!
James L. Canavan, Jr
Harry W. Coates
Agnes T. Cornier
Enid M. Cornier
Cecilia M. Dietzler
Jim: Do you know what I'm doing?
Mitch: I have no idea what you're doing.
Jim: This is for Chris. ..you know Chris.
Mitch: I know Chris. ..Mike's wife right?
Jim: Mike?Right! Mike. Yes, this is a yearbook
Mitch: Mitch: Well, you're going to write a foolish thing
unless you give people a topic to talk about.
Jim: You think so?
Mitch: Yes really. People won't normally just speak
about anything unless you give them a topic to
speak about. ..it helps.
Jim: I see.
Mitch: I remember John tried this thing last year. He'd
say to people— "Talk about anything"— well you
need something to talk about, then people will talk
If you don't, they're not going to. a
I started school in 1971 and have
been here for 4 years. I'll be graduating in June
of this year. I'm a mother and it was quite difficult
for me to start school because of my financial situation
The College Now program provided me with financia
assistance and academic counseling. During my 4
years here at SMU I have gone through many trials and
tribulations, however, I have learned to overcome
obstacles. After a couple of years in school I
learned to deal with my problems better. The services
that SMU provides are quite helpful. The counseling
Center has been a great asset to me since I went
through a period in 1972-1974 where I got very bored
with school. My marks were low, and I dropped out a
ichael S. Denardo
Kathleen L. Correia
Kevin P. Corrigan
Colleen C. Crofton
Susan D. Crompton
semester because I just couldn't deal with life. I
decided to come back because there were no jobs out
there and I figured it beat staying at home all day.
So I came back to school and set my sights on doing
well. Through the help of the counselors and the
Assistant Director of College Now, and through my
peer group on campus I have learned to deal with a
lot of problems that I could never have dealt with
before. As a minority student I have encountered
many difficulties because being in the College Now
Program people think that you aren't capable of
obtaining an 'A'. However, as the years went by
I proved that this wasn't so. I wasn't a HS
dropout from the start and I obtained a 3.5 average.,
so this speaks for itself. I guess my Senior year has
been the most fruitful because the courses
that I took prepared me for a lot of things that
are waiting out there. However, basically I knew
these things were going to be awaiting. When I say
"these things", I mean discrimination in getting
those better jobs. College life is really different;
you broaden your knowledge of things. You meet people
from different walks of life, you meet different ideas,
and every idea you respect. It's just been very
fruitful for me and hopefully once I graduate I'd like
to work for a year and maybe on on to grad school to
obtain my MA in Counseling. However, if that job pays
well enough I might not go to grad school. The BSU has
been very, very, instrumental in my awareness of Black
people's role in society and just being a member of
the Black Student Union gave me a sense of belonging,
like being part of an organization which tries to help
all the Blacks on campus. I'm also happy I'm graduating.
I finally made it, and didn't give up. I had my trials
and tribulations but I continued to finish school and
now I feel so good with this feeling I can't explain it! ! °
Devin M. David
Paul F. Donnelly
.Pi ■' c
Beverly M. Drye
argaret ti. Durfee
Wayne M. Dwyer
Oh, that reminds me. ..this is a pretty nice place.
It's not big like U.Mass. My sister is there and
whenever I visiH feel lost. This school has things
I definately don't like though. For instance, lam
a Biology major and I can't get a biology course for
next year. But then it's really O.K. It's not too
big and it's not too small. I guess it's just right.
Because of it's special size, it's big enough so you
can get a pretty fair variety of experiences out of
it, but small enough so you can get to know a good
number of people and get to know them pretty well. I
guess that's one of the best things that this school
has to offer... it's big but it's small. o
FATHER DANIEL BARRIGAN
"...to me he is not the wild noisemaker the press portrays,
the government distrusts, the church fears. ..a hollow priest.
He loves God and men, inseparably.
Catholics and Americans have suffered by the truth
he has spoken. ..mostly their pride. In protection of their
pride. Southeast Asia and the world have suffered immeas-
urably. ..the ultimate truth, Death.
With a hand on my shoulder and a smile, he is a friend...
a sign of hope, a rare conscience in a system that has
become comfortable, weakened. His restlessness is complemented
with a sense of solitude. ..a clean heart.
He has caught sight of the "I am" of life while the world
is in gear with the "I am not."
Plenitudo legis est dilectio." john pgu| |gndry q
Richard M. Furtardo
Hamed Y. Funmilayo
Mary Lou Frias
I v -
Dianne C. (iagnier
Fred J. Garnish
Chris: How do vou feel about working in the SMU bar?
Art: Oh, I enjoy it. It's provably my most favorite
thing I've done in all my years here. It's a real nice way
to meet people, and everybody knows who you are.
Chris: Has SMU changed your attitudes toward people and life
Art: That's a terrible question to ask somebody who's
about to graduate, 'cuz I'm really nervous about
life in general and I have no idea what I'm
gonna do when I leave SMU. That old senior
depression is settling in. It's hard to say if
SMU's changed me. I've grown while I've been
here. I don't know whether I would've grown
the same had I not been here. Back in the
early years of turmoil here, I got into some
politics and developed a bit of political
awareness. I'm more into me now, developing my
interests and thoughts. I think a lot of people
around feel the same way. Because of that I
don't think we'll have any more big movements
like we had before.
Chris: Do you have any reflections on the past political
movements that occurred on campus 7
Art: I think they were good. I think a lot of people
entered into it with a naive concept of what was
going on. Getting into the movement helped to
sharpen their political awareness. I believe a
lot of the poeple like me who liked the movement
got in to work for change, and thought they could
do something important and relevant, found out
after 2 or 3 years that you can't change the
Government, it's just much bigger than any of us
thought. You can't do it by marching and stuff.
Chris: Do you feel those movements managed to change things
on campus back in the Driscoll era?
Art: Well, we were fighting an evil that was highly
visible. It took a couple of years. I think
most everybody who came to SMU back during the
Joe Driscoll days was from New Bedford and they
Margaret A. Hamburgess
had learned to have respect for authority. So
it took them awhile to build up to the point of
being able to attack an authority figure like
Joe Driscoll. He was highly visible, you know,
everybody agreed that he was rotten. When they
got rid of him they got this Don Walker who was
a saviour come to save SMU. He's a lot more
quiet, a lot more subtle and slick. He seems to
be doing some good things, and he might be doing
some shady things. We don't know. He's not the
kind of person you can start a protest about and
say "look, he's done this, and this, and this".
He gives authority out and sits back while others
carry things out. Walker's also made a lot of
other changes. ..like power changes within the
structure. I don't think as many people are aware
of what's going on under Don Walker as they were
under Joe Driscoll. He's a lot more subtle, a
much better politician. I don't know whether that's
good or bad. People don't know whether or not
they're getting the shaft.
-is: Do you think as a whole that the University is
t: I think so. If we get the Kennedy library we'll
be doing great. We'll be a real powerhouse
University. I think there's a new consciousness
on campus now. People aren't going to settle for
being little o!' SMU like when we first started.
Don Walker's come from bigger schools and he's
got big ideas for how he'd like to see the college
grow. I don't think he's gonna stay here forever.
I think he's gonna stay and do as much as he can
do personally and then go onto some other college.
There's been an awful lot of changes on campus
since I've been here. ..beside the number of
buildings that have gone up. I remember when it
was a beautiful big woods with one crummy cement
building in the middle of it. It's turned into
a really beautiful college campus. I love driving
in at night, I still feel like I'm coming into a space station. □
on the upswing?
Lynne C. Gregory
"the Sundance Kid" - A heck of a lot
of people seem to think that I have been deprived by not
having a place that I can really call "home". I happen
to be an ARMY BRAT and I 've lived in at least 10
different states and then some in Europe. Granted I
never had the opportunities to make long standing
friendships and establish deep community ties but
is that so much an issue anymore? I think that by
being deprived of these "roots" I turned more toward
my family, there was also a shift in my attitude about
life and things in general, I became far more
cosmopolitan than the people in this area. I was exposed
to many things that people are deprived of and I think
that has helped to make me a better person-but what is
education anyway but exposure? My exposure to different
walks of life has made me less provincial and far more
adaptable and tolerant of different people, customs and
religions. The heavy prejudices and biases that may
plague some people born out of this "community" are not
something I have to worry about. My education has been
advanced almost tri-fold due to my exposure. I would have
to say that that is what education is all about\ I have
met some of the most religious, and racist educators in
my life, and quite a few of them had degrees! If I ever
decide to have children I am going to be sure to place
them in this environment of worldliness so that they
will have a chance to compete and perhaps even to outstrip
the competition. ..this is what it is all about! a
One way that I'll remember SMU is
that it really has been a learning experience for me
and also a growing one. I've learned to be me and to
accept a lot of things that I haven't been able to
before, especially in my position of Resident Assistant
for the last three years. I've not only learned so
much about people, but I've learned so much more about
Gerald J. Lepage
Jacqueline R. Lemlin
Mary -Ann Lemanski
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lichael A. Jaillet
I decided that a philosophy on life is
a little bit out of my realm right now, because at this
point in time I am putting together some kind of
philosophy on death. I am beginning to see death as a
whole part of the life process. I guess people might
see that as defeatist. I don't know (giggle!), but I
am starting to realize that you're born dying. ..and
every minute, every second you just get closer to that.
So, you have to figure out some sort of a way to deal
with it. Death isn't as scary as everybody makes it
seem. It's not such a one shot deal. ..because it's a
constant sort of thing. ..you 're constantly in a state
of dying, which is a little weird. I don't know if
it's morbid or not. .I don't think it's morbid. I
don't think that people think enough about death in
terms of their life. If you think about the
possibility of dying, then you wonder what your life is
like and whether or not you're having a full life and
maybe you won't worry so much about the changes that will
come. Maybe you will be more willing to experiment
because you realize that you will only be here once,
unless you believe that you're not here only once. I
happen to believe that you're only here once and should
try to get as much accomplished as you can. I don't
really believe in immortality, whether it's genetic'
immortality or spiritual immportality. I just believe
th'at you're here and you go. □
Would you like to know my views on. ..well
I don't know ... I have nothing interesting to say.
Oh, wait! I don't smoke pot anymore, I get too cosmically
clogged. I want to act more like an adult now. □
John G. Leite
Gerald A. Leblanc
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Mfl^l ^Bf Tw
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I ■■ AH
Juliet G. Lapointe
Louis C. Loura
liam F Lutton
Kathleen A. Magnant
GEORGE SOUZA Campus cop
Michael: George, how long have you been at SMU?
George: Since 1966, nine years.
Michael: Did you start part time 7
George: Oh no, full time. I was on the Acushnet
police force for ten years part time, and
also on the Marion force for two years. Before
that I was on New Bedford's special forces as a
store detective. That was way back.
Michael: How many guys were on the SMU force when you
first started 7
George: Six. Now there are ten. Ten men and one Chief.
We also have the security watchmen but that's an-
other department, although it all runs thru Chief
Michael: You've been at SMU since it first opened then 7
George: Right. There was nothing there but the power
plant. Group I was there but it wasn't completed
and there were no students. The students didn't
come until September of '66 when the building
Michael : In the nine years you've been here at SMU have you
seen a difference in the students 7
George: Sure I have. We're not as close as we used to be
when there was only one building. Now the place
is getting big and spreading out and it's harder
to get acquainted with the students. The place
is growing up. The people don't talk to as many
Michael: Do you find the kids as friendly now as say five
George: I would say they're still friendly but not as
friendly as before because we were working to-
gether then. Now we're kind of seperated because
the place has grown so much bigger.
Michael: Tell me, did you like it better the way it was
when SMU first started 7
Michael: That seems to be the general consensus.
George: I know a lot of people who feel that way. There
John A. Mandeville
Stephen F. Marchand
Rachel R. Marmen
were more relationships as far as with students...
everybody. ..administrators, teachers. The place
is getting so big now I don't even know half the
people in the administration anymore. That's
Michael: George, what has been the high point in your
career at SMU? Your most memorable moment 7
George: Without a doubt, "Woods of Dartmouth," that's
for sure, I'll never forget that. I thought it
was beautiful. It was run good, for the problems
we had up there and for what the kids did. I
think we only had 10 or 1 1 police officers on
campus— and of course the 300 students who joined
our forces. That was a great help, believe mel
Michael : You said it was beautiful. In what way 7
George: Well, like at night, the way the lights were, and
the music, the way the kids were all in tents,
and just sitting down listening to the music.
The colors and the bonfire were beautiful.
Michael: Did you get to meet many of the outsiders who
came to the festival 7
George: Oh, yes. They were good kids. My wife and the
selectman of that time Eddie Church, went and
sat down right in front of the bandstand. They
thought the kids were well behaved. As far as
me being the head security over there at the
Woods of Dartmouth I didn't find any big problems
at all. The kids are pretty good now-a-days at
the SMU concerts too.
Michael: You're one of the few people I know who has been
at the University from the beginning up until
now. Have you seen a change in the University
since Driscoll left 7
George: Yeah. It's quiet now. (laughter) There's no fun
anymore. It's all business.
Michael: Do you think that's healthy 7
George: I wouldn't know. I don't know how you students
like it — with a lot of action or quiet. Some
of the kids say it's too dead around school now.
Michael: Well do you think they used to take the Driscoll
thing serious or was it just a big game to them 7
George: Oh no! They took it serious. But they must
James G. McGannon
Sharlene D. Mello
like this president. I read in the Torch, he
said his door was open to any student. I don't know
how many took him up on it, but there must've
been a lot when he first came on the campus. The
other president wasn't like that.
Michael: O.K. George, tell us what George Sousa does out-
side of SMU? Everybody knows you with your little
cap on puttin' around SMU in your scooter. What
do you do at home?
George: In the winter, I like roller skatin'. I've been
in shows with my wife. I was the Vice President
of the Esquire Club at the Lincoln Park Roller
Rink. I also like to play the organ. I've been
playing since I was a kid. I also play the
accordion. And of course, in the summertime I
like to putt around the house and go swimmin' in
Michael: You also mentioned politics several times. Are
you seriously interested in politics 7
George: Oh, yeah, I've been involved in politics. I've
been co-chairman for Nat Gomes, the last select-
man that just got in in Acushnet. Before that
I was on the some committees. One with Eddie
Harrington when he was mayor.
Michael: Did you enjoy it?
George: Yes, I enjoyed it. ..til now. ..it's different
now. ..politics is not as good as I thought it
was. You know, sometimes you get your good and
bad parts of politicians...
Michael: You mean politics can become dirty and that's
something you don't want to be a part of?
George: Yeah. I don't want to be a part of it. Of
course, I was the president of the Policeman's
Ball two years in a row. ..And this year again,
for the 1975 ball in October at the Lincoln Park
Michael: Aup! We gotta buy tickets! Have you ever thought
of running for a public office?
George: I've thought of it. My wife won't let me. I
wanted to run for selectman.
Michael: Do you think the University has had an effect on
the surrounding community?
Paul F. Monahan Jr.
Walter K. Montigny
Barbara J. Morris
George: Yeah, I think so. It's added a lot. People like
the place. People come by on weekends when I'm
on duty and I take the time to unlock the build-
ings and show them around. They're always im-
pressed with the place. It's a beautiful school
I think the students like it. It's beautiful
and it's running real beautiful now too. It's
running real smooth. □
TRACY NELSON AND FRIEND
Tracy: This school is so unorganized it's sick.
got their heads up their ass.
Friend: Students don't have any say in what's going on.
Tracy: They don't want to! They're all so apathetic...
apathetic good for nothing!
Friend: But the whole world is now!
Tracy: I see this school as one piece of apathetic cement
They don't do anything. They had petitions up against
racism. ..people were too crazy to sign it! One kid was
talking to me, she said, "What is this shit 7 People
don't care if you're black or white-they don't care
if you're a person, never mind if you're black or
It's true! They'd pass you by anyway— It doesn't matte
if you're black or white, they don't care! You're just
ignored! passed by! "Hey, man, I'm gunna live my life
the way I want to. I 'm not botherin' anybody, so
don't bother me!"
There should be a little more caring for one another.
People get shocked when you say hello to them. Not
all people. ..some say hello— but most of the time if you
say hi to somebody, they'll turn around to see if you're
talking to someone else. They're not used to it. a
Pamela A. Ode
Chris: I would like to introduce this interview by having
you describe what you do. I think a lot of people
are familiar with you on Campus but probably don't
know what you do, and if they do they probably don't
know much about the program.
David: That tends to be true, because the Administrators
are so removed in some ways from the day to day life
of students that what happens in the administration
building tends to be mysterious.
Essentially I'm the director of Special Programs
which specifically involves College Now, which is
probably the one best known to SMU students. It's
a special admissions program for academically
disadvantaged students. There's the Upward Bound
program which works with high school students in
the area to assist them in preparation for going
to college. These are students who weren't in
college preparatory courses and who haven't been
doing well in high school. Another program called
Talent Search helps individuals get into
post-secondary educational institutions. ..and,
again, it tries to seek out individuals who
have high potential but who have not been
involved in college preparatory courses. It helps
them finish high school if necessary and helps place
them in SMU or a number of other schools. That's an
SMU project. ..then we have a large regionalized
project called the Educational Opportunity Center
(E.O.C.) that has a city office in New Bedford and
an office at each of the ten institutions of higher
education that are in the Southeastern Mass. region.
E.O.C. provides educational and career counseling
to any adult in the region who feels that they
would like to pursue some sort of further education.
That can be at a community college such as SMU,
Wheaton, Swain School of Design, or we can help
people get into other schools, like in the Boston
area: It really provides a kind of counseling for
Clinton E. Pires
Jose M. Pacheco
adults that, in our society, is pretty much restricted
to high school students who are in college prep
courses. So the E.O.C. opens up that counseling
to a vast number of people.
The College Now project will have 250 students in
it by September. The Upward Bound project services
approximately 90 high school students. Talent
Search is counseling about 600 people and E.O.C.
this past year provided some sort of services to
about 8,000 people. We had about 2,000 counselors
and actually placed a little over 7,000 people into
high educational institutes, just thru the E.O.C.
So all told on a yearly basis these projects
probably assist about 1,200 people to get into
colleges and universities, who would not otherwise
have had the chance to do that simply because the
way in, the access would've been closed to them.
And, essentially I oversee these programs. It's
quite a large enterprise, for example, I have
a staff of 60 working this summer, however, except
for the College Now program most of these programs
don't have that much impact, directly on SMU student
They have a bigger impact on the outside community.
Chris: Have you had any students graduate from here that
have gone thru your programs.
David' Yes, College Now has had 43 or 44 graduates a numbe
of whom became affiliated with College Now thru
the Upward Bound program.
Chris: Do you find a great difference between the College
Now students and the regular admissions students?
David: Not after they're here. Initially we do because
the College Now students would not have been
eligible for regular admissions so if it weren't
for the program they would not have had the
opportunity to come. Once the students get here,
particularly after the first year which can be
a little difficult for people, there isn't any
way of telling how the students got here. We've
had a number of honor roll students every semester.
Stephen R. Pereira
Deborah L. Raymond
Kenneth E. Raymond
1 1 4 '?• ? t Av>v%v
Chris: I understand you have a much higher success rate
than general admissions.
David: Our dropout rate is considerably lower. Our
graduation rate vs. incoming student rate is over
b0% and the University's rate is lower than that.
I think that's because the students who come in
thru the College Now program are very highly
motivated to get an education. Most of them
are older than the average freshman so they
usually have some idea about what they want to
do. That gives us an edge.
Chris: You said you've been here for four years, so you
were involved a bit in the turmoil at the end
of the Driscoll era?
David: I came here right at the end of the upheavals, yes
Chris: What do you see in differences as to how you
felt about the University, students and staff
then as opposed to what you see happening now
and where you see the University going?
David: Well, I think the School has always been a
really exciting place to work because its a
young institution and there are a lot of
opportunities for developing ideas and
trying things out here which isn't always the
case at older, more established schools. When I
first started here, I think the biggest result
of the turmoil during the last of the Driscoll
years was that a great deal of energy in the
campus was tied up still in the political
controversies that came out of that situation.
Now, four years later I think it's healthier
in that peoples energies are focused on developing
the University and having it grow and expand.
A lot of the old controversies were very much
tied in with individuals' personalities. It
probably was a necessary thing for the schoo
to have gone thru at the time. I think it's
at a healthier place now since the University's
a lot larger now. We have almost 5,000 students
Jeffrey S. Smith
Susan S. Robichaud
Jeanne L. Robitaille
Leonard F. Rocha
and four years ago we only had slightly over 3,600.
Chris: Do you see a great difference in the students
now and the students then?
David: I don't know if this is an accurate observation
or not but the students seem to be more settled
down, more like the way I remember students
having been 20 years ago in some ways. The kind
of activism and radicalism of the 60's, at least
among the students, seems to have pretty much
Chris: So you would relate present students more to
your peers when you were in school?
David: Students seem to behave now in ways that I can
relate to my college days — yes. They're
perhaps a little bit more passive in the
classroom. They seem to be interested in
learning things, in terms of the content, let's
say of courses for example. So the atmosphere
seems different to me. ..quite a bit different.
Chris: What do you see in SMU's future in terms of
it's growth and development?
David: Well it's probably both fortunate and unfortunate
that the University will get bigger. It's
fortunate that it will get larger because we
need an educational institution in this part
of the state that's going to be able to
provide a good education to a large number of
students. The personal quality that the school
has had would be nice to keep but as the
University grows I'm sure it will become more
impersonal. It's been relatively easy for
students to know administrators and to know
their teachers. Access to people has been
relatively simple, which is a nice thing about
small institutions. But I envision SMU growing
to between 8 and 10 thousand students over the
I next 10 years. I think growth will be slow the
next 2 or 3 years simply because of the economic
condition of the state.
Part of the future of the school will be
Noreen P. Shillue
Sharon L. Stone
Michael J. Syslo
Francis L. Tanzella
Rodman E. Taylor Jr.
determined by whether or not we become part of
a State University system. That makes the future
very hard to predict because if we did become
part of a state system, then the school may be
called upon to specialize more than it has up to
now. But those decisions aren't going to be
made locally and it's really hard to tell right
now what the status is of the state university
system is because the fiscal crisis in the State
has taken everybody's attention for at least the
past 6 months. ..So it's hard to say where we're
going to go, though I think we'll definitely get
I think that SMU has great possibilities
I've worked a lot on campus and have been in a lot here
on campus -- Theater Company, the TORCH. ..just different
areas of the campus. I ve met a lot of people, know a lot
of people, and I have seen the campus grow just living in
the area. I came out here when SMU was smaller, in the
60's when it was one building. Each year as I've come out
here it's grown and grown. I 'm glad to see the new fine arts
building is being built now and finally and hopefully there
will be more emphasis on the Arts in this area because I
feel that there is a great need in this area for performing
arts. What I plan to do later on is, after I have enough
experience in theater and have established myself, a music
degree and all, I would like to come back to this area and
teach children. I have been doing that now and I would
like to see the kids in this area get into arts, into
music, theater. to get into dance, visual arts and
performing arts and I hope that SMU will expand its
horizons in this area. I plan to come back for the music
degree when and if it comes in '76. I'd like to see the
arts grow here at SMU mainly 'cause that's what I'm really
Linda L. Williams
Suzanne R. Westfall
Elizabeth A. Washburn j
Leonard D. Thibault
Eveline E. Treffs
ANTHONY MAY;President elect of the Black Student Union
The Black Student Union I feel has made marked
strides in the goals that they have tried to achieve.
They did this without great support of the majority of
people which was one reason why there was a lot of
apathy and so-called not caring of what the BSU did;
because it didn't involve the majority of people.
Upon running for elected office, I went out with
the idea in mind and the goals to help everyone strive
for academic motivation, social awareness, and cultura
awareness. With these goals in mind, we feel that they
can be attained because everyone is aware of them and
they can add something of significance. I as President
plan to implement and sponsor a number of activities which
will not deal just with black students on campus. We
feel that it is something that we must do to help
educate the white students on campus who have been
brainwashed for such a long time by the history books
and are not aware of the culture of Black people.
There are a lot of myths that are being perpertrated
throughout this University about Black people, and what
we are all about. We have made efforts to dispel these
myths. We feel now that we have a lot to offer this
University culturally and that it is the educational
process that everyone will benefit from. I plan to
make sure that we attain our goal of academic
excellence, social awareness, and cultural awareness
within our selves and to extend what we have to offer
to the rest of the SMU Community and the surrounding
My feet are sore.
Jeanne M. Walsh
Students at SMU have the unique opportunity to
become catalysts and innovative leaders in the surround-
ing community. With a college degree, each person has
developed a broadened capacity to think wisely, to
seek wider horizons, to educate others into productive
courses of action and beneficial change. You take with
you the ability to perceive, to choose among complex
alternatives and to decide to act in an intelligent
and ordered manner. Above all— and this distinguishes
you from the less fortunate who have been unable to add
to their educational experience— you should have developed
an insatiable curiosity about the world around you,
about your fellow man, and about the particular envir-
onments, both social and on the job, in which you will
live and function.
You are among the less than 50%of young people
your age in the United States with a college degree.
Moreover, you are among the less than 10% of young people
your age in the world who have a college degree. Your
degree, therefore, carries with it not only the honors
and the broader capacity to produce constructive change
and to enjoy life in its many remifications; it also
has created, I believe, a serious obligation for you to
use your broader capacity and ability to organize and
formulate problems and means to solve them.
Finally, though you may think this an exaggeration,
your education brings with it a duty to educate others
with whom you come in contact who have not had the
benefits of this experience, and the ability to demon-
strate both sounder judgement and moral courage to
lead others into more rational as well as productive
Ann S. Cambra
William H. Beaudry
The Business World, in particular, needs such
people and your capacity to lead will have a very high
correlation with your willingness to lead.
When good things happen to you either in south-
eastern Massachusetts or anywhere in the world, we hope
you will come back and share with the university
community your varied experiences, o
GEORGE YUEN & PAUL LOWE
Chris: How long have you been in the States 7
George: Well, I've been here for five years. I'm from
Hong Kong originally but I've already been to a j
college and I got a B.S. in '72 from SMU, but I'm
going for my masters. Paul and I will be outta
here in June.
Chris: Do you feel you've grown a lot in this University
in your personal lifestyle and outlook 7
George: Sure. It's been changed a lot. More or less.
I'm getting Americanized: the food, the customs,
people I meet, friends. You have a different
culture, different customs. I think I've changed
Chris: Were your friendships in China much different th
they are here?
George: The friends I used to have liked a lot of night
activities. Here people do more weekend activiti
On weekdays they usually have to study or work
My old friends depended on their families when
they were in school. Over here many have to wo
to support themselves. I do. ..and maybe I have
a night off but my friend doesn't.
I have professors that are friends too. I used
to live in New York City so sometimes we go the
and I take them around Chinatown, or do some
shopping. In the wintertime we might go hiking
or skiing in the mountains.
Paul is part Chinese and we have more or less the
same customs. He's got all the good points of
the Chinese and the Portuguese. He's my good
Francis H. Bory
Peter L. Cantone Jr
Chris: You're really native to the community then! Do
you hold on to the old cultural background and
incorporate it into your daily lifestyle?
Paul: Yes, the Chinese background particularly. Most
of our meals are Chinese. .we don't sit down with
forks and eat pizzas. We have chopsticks and
eat rice, sausage, stuff like that.
Chris: Do you see a difference in the way you would pursue
studies and the way Americans do 7
George: Oh yes. Sure. The Chinese way of studying is having
to memorize everything. They don't get involved
in other books* until the first one is memorized.
You have to memorize everything in class and work
real hard. But in America you just get what the
Professors taught you, read some and when'it comes
to finals or exams you study maybe the night be-
fore. I think we really have different education-
al systems. I wouldn't say the American way is
the best. Although they do have a tendency to
father a wide range of knowledge. Like what we
have here is Textiles, but besides Textiles we
have classes in humanities, social sciences, may-
be psychology. I think it's good because you have
a broad, general knowledge more than just what
you might specialize in.
Chris: SMU is noted for it's Textile dept., dp you feel
feel this dept. is a good one?
Paul: There's always room for improvement. It's get-
ting better. Programs are being changed around.
We have a new dept. head.
Chris: How do you feel about the campus as a whole?
Do you feel isolated over here?
George: I think we have a general problem on this campus
with a lack of communications, not only between
Group one and Group two, but right in this build-
ing alone. But in general I don't think we are
getting a good integration of students. Every-
body tends to stay within their dept. People
don't want to get involved either. I'm involved
with the Graduate Students Association and, al-
ways, it's only a few faces that want to do the
work. So many students come here and don't do
anything but wait to get out. This is bad.
Chris: Do you think this happens at other schools as well 7
George: No. I came from a junior college and we had so
many things going on: basketball, softbal
Alice P. Haggerty
l JF ins!'
Alan G. Coutinho
inter-dept. ping pong, chess, drama competitions,
debates. We are still in college here. A lot
of things can be done but there is very little
here at SMU. I think an active faculty could help.
But even they are a problem -- sometimes they don't
even talk to each other. We don't have any good
leaders to give us examples, so that the students
might get together with the faculty.
Another thing at SMU is that there is very little
happening at night. We do have movies, but the
library closes up, labs close as soon as the pro-
fessors leave. If you want to do extra work you
can't get in.
Do you both live off campus?
Yes. In the heart of the "city" (laughter). We
both have a bird's eye view of the dump yard.
The streets are all torn up. Hey, I'm glad to
get out and come over here! (laughter) □
Jim: Hi Dean Macedo. What's on your mind?
Macedo: Well I'll tell you. ..I'd like to take
Buzzy out for a drink.
Jim: Oh that's nice. How about a picture of you and
Macedo: Oh sure.
Buzzy: Alright! Love it!Oh! Blackmail! ! We're gunna
send five pictures out to your wife tonight
Macedo: O.K. Jim. ..ah. ..what's gunna happen to these
Jim: Oh, Yearbook...
Macedo: ...Jesus d
Margaret M. Dubois
Peter C. George
Richard M. Forman
Douglas R. Ford
Kenneth W. Eaton
JOHN GREAVES - Ass. Prof. Electrical Engineering
John: The way I see things - science is here, and tech-
nology is apart but overlaps science, and art is
over here with some overlapping science and some
overlapping technology. The overlap would be, like
in the crafts technology, knowing the media you're
working with like howto get a good glaze in cer-
amics. But using electronics as an art medium is
something that's interesting to me. For instance
the "game of life" that we have programmed on
the computer. ..I think it'd be neat to hang it up
on the wall - large, with a whole bunch of little
red lights. You could enter a pattern into it in
the morning and let it play all day. I think
that'd be fun to do and I plan on getting into that
stuff sometime after things slow down around here.
Right now with the technology that's happening,
you have to keep going full force to keep up
especially with the computer business. Every week
there's a magazine coming out with an article on
something brand new. So, it's breakneck speed
right now. I figure when I get older, mellow out
some, not trying to keep up with all that stuff,
I'll sit back and make some of the things I've been
thinking about. It'd be fun.
But. ..There are a lot of people down on com-
puters and technology as that force that dehuman-
izes the population. They feel that technology
has taken us away from the simple farm of New
England, taken the navies away from their fishing,
their simple agricultural lives. Those are the
kinds of things I'd like to get back to too. But
I think the simple life can be blended with com-
puters and modern technology. There's no contra-
diction there, which almost sounds like a contra-
diction. It's just another media. Just like the
guy who invented the printing press. That had a
big impact on all people, making reading material
available on a mass scale. The whole media changed
Antonio T. Moniz
•"A ■''.'•. V.\\
■Ronald W. Johnson
Gregory B Jones
David G. King
Douglas R. Kinner
Now I think the computer will have a similar im-
pact on printed matter, and information transfer,
cause that's what computers basically do...
Chris: Do you think people are intimidated by computers
and the way they work 7
John: Well, that might be. I think it's true to a cer-
tain extent but really it's only because they don't
know what they are. It's a bit like if you went
to a primative society and showed them this tape
recorder, or a camera, they might be intimidated
by it because they aren'tfamiliarwith it, and
don't understand how it works. But I don't think
anyone around here is intimidated by a hand held
calculator and as the electrical computer techno
ogy branches and people become more familiar with
what it is and what it can do, the intimidation
will go away. The hand held calculator is just a
special purpose computer and people don't view it
with any antagonism, they see it as a friend es-
pecially when they're poking numbers into it,
doing their checkbooks and such. Computers are
the same, it's just a more powerful calculator.
The one fundamental difference is that the hand
calculator you have to tell what to do next by
what buttons you push in. But the computer has a
memory in which you've already fed a sequence of
instructions out, and that includes the capability
of going back and executing those instructions over
and over again.
Chris: Do you think the computer department has been
successful on campus 7
John: Oh yeah, it's been really necessary in terms of an
engineering education. But I'm really glad that
people like George Mellor (from the Art department)
have come around, so that we could get involved
with some of the other kids, show them what comp-
uters can do, and what they're all about. We've
had a couple of nibbles from the kids in the design
department that would like to do projects on the
computer and find out just what it can do. It's
a strange media though and I think it's gonna take
laurice R. Paquin
..% *>. V
Richard J. Pierce
a while for it to evolve. Every body's accustomed
to things happening overnight, especially in the
latter half of the century. ..people on the moon
and stuff. ..but some things don't happen overnight...
the way people use things, and do things. The
history of art shows that these things are more[
of a slow evolution, I'm not in a hurry.
Chris: Do you see a way that the computers here could be
utilized more fully across the campus 7
John: It seems to me in as much as the students who are
involved in education in this latter Vath of the
20th century are going to go out and find all sorts
of machines to deal with, and one of them definite-
ly will be the computer, they should have some
knowledge of the technology that we are immersed
in. I think it is a crime that people can grad-
uate from college and not know anything about the
computer at all. There's a lot of evidence that
says the computer affects their lives now and will
a lot in the future.
Chris: So you would suggest a general computer course be
offered to the students at large?
John: Yea, and if I had the time I'd like to run such a
course. That in my mind would be a part of a
liberal education. Computer programming is offered,
but it's purpose is to instruct people how to run
the machine. This other course would familiarize
people with the machine and where it fits into our
society and 20th century technology.
If people knew more about computer systems
I think they could see that computers can do so
many mundane things quickly and accurately, such
as billing, tallying, counting, sorting and such,
and it not only represents an economic savings but
it really frees up human resources to do more
human things. All that together, I think can
eventually get us back to a simpler, more whole-
some life, d
Vernon E. Sorensen
Thomas T. Solimine
GORDON F. ANDERSON, Dean College of Engineering
It is extremely easy to write to the Engineering
Class of 1975. Barring a complete economic disaster
prior to your graduating, you will have had a most
enjoyable experience choosing from among a number of
attractive job offers. Hopefully, you will choose the
job that affords the most opportunity for you to grow
as an engineer and also the offer that will allow you
to do the type of work that is most enjoyable to you.
Regardless of where you go from here, you are
embarking on a dynamic career that should be a lifetime
of study and enjoyment. You now have the basic educa-
tion that should equip you to keep fully informed on new
developments as they emerge. To depend on your present
knowledge for the span of your career will almost
certainly predetermine that your productive and enjoy-
able contributions will be limited to what you accomplish
in the next five to ten years. For a full productive
life you must be prepared to deal with concepts and
problems that are unknown today.
The faculty and I wish you every success. We also
hope that you will feel a responsibility to assist the
faculty and the students that follow you at SMU in
maintaining excellence in the engineering education
at SMU. Your ideas and suggestions for improvement
in our programs shall also be welcomed. A continuing
relationship between you and your engineering colleagues
at SMU will be most helpful to us. a
i mJF 1
James E. King
Edward S. Korzeniowski
Paul F. Langille
Richard J. Laronde
Daniol F. Wilkins
I think for lack of anything profound
to say, let me explain something that I sort of developed.
I guess it's one of the prime things that I developed here
at SMU over the years, and it's what I call my sure cure
way of handling anything that bothers you. I call it
"the glass jar." A lot of times different things may
bother you and because they are, you're emotionally
worried about it, so you can't look at it objectively.
It would be good if you could just take what's
bothering you, out of you. If you were able to get out
Of yourself you could do it, but getting out of yourself
is kind of hard. So what you do is take it and put it in
a container, but not something that isn't transparent like
a lead box, because then you'll never be aware of it and
there's a chance that that thing might come up again and
r'ebother you. So, what you do is put it in a glass jar
so you can see it, and every once in a while take a look
at it. You'll know it's there, but it won't bother you...
you can just see it and push the jar away. Eventually,
you'll be able to open the jar and face the problem
and then it won't seem so bad. a
Rachelle L. St. Laurent
David A. Sluter
Paul J. Lefebvre
Robert P. Lemieux
Robert G. Martin
Richard R. Masse
I'll be working toward an MBA next
year. I have been studying Engineering here at SMU for
the last 4 years and I've thoroughly enjoyed the education,
both in and outside of the classroom, that I've received
here. I'm sure it is without a doubt one of the finest
educations that I could have received. SMU has changed
a lot these last 4 years and so have I . Something which
I believe has molded my life is a type of concept. ..a
concept of changing. There's a force in nature that's
very difficult to define. It's a force that exists
within and acts on every person and everything. It's an
ever moving thing without seeming purpose or identity.
At times it's itself and at times it seems divorced from
itself. It seems to act on people, or one's identity
without purpose, but yet as the wind's finished product
is a marvel, a thing of beauty, so this force if allowed
to act unhampered on one's self will create no less a
marvel. If a person is natural and in union with both
oneself and the force that acts in directing their lives
and their identities, then they're safe, regardless of
what may happen to them, regardless of their environment,
wherever they are, what fortunes or misfortunes they
may have. So if you can ride force like a leaf or a
snowflake rides the wind then you'll do it, you'll do it- °
John J. Ryan Jr.
Joseph F. Adamski Jr.
Richard H. Aubut
SISTER MADELEINE CLEMENCE VAILLOT
Dean, College of Nursing
The term "nurse" encompasses a wide range of
roles, from the nurse whose task it is to give routine
care under direct supervision, to the nurse who has
for function to improve patients through, experimenta-
tion, writing and teaching.
The SMU College of Nursing prepares young men and
women to identify and solve nursing problems; to plan,
administer and evaluate nursing care. It helps them
become sensitive to health needs of the people of this
area, identify the resources available to allay those
needs, and to bridge the gap which often exists between
the sophistication of care that those who need it in
The SMU student nurses bring the resources of the
University deep into the community: in hospitals and
public health agencies, an model cities centers and in
high rise apartments for the elderly; in student nurses'
meetings and in comprehensive health planning councils.
In turn, they bring back to the University what the
community gave them: good will for SMU and also
compassion for the sick, the poor and the needy, in-
volvement in the solution of social ills with which
they came to grip and a deep conviction that learning
and its application to life experience support one
another and grow together. a
Nina G. Luiz
Cynthia B. Lebeau
Myra R. Besen
Chris: Now that you're leaving Smu, where are you heading
Colleen: My immediate goal is to start working as a nurse.
I've been training for four years now and
I'm anxious to get really into the roll of nursing.
Chris: How did you get into the nursing field?
Colleen: Well, I guess it was mostly from friends of
mine who were nurses and who told me a little
bit about it and what nurses do. I had never
really thought about it before because it
didn't really seem appealing to be working with
sick people and seing all kinds of gruesome
things. But I found that to be a good nurse
is just to be a really feeling person and to
be able to communicate with people is really
important. There's a lot of beautiful
moments in nursing, not just things that are
gross, although you do see those things too.
But my friends mostly got me into nursing,
and I was in the hospital a couple of times,
you know, appendix, and such, you know,
everybody comes into contact with people —
and not all nurses get into their job that way,
being feeling people. But that's the way it
should be, I think. I've always worked with
people. I've worked as a cashier in a
supermkarket, as a secretary and a waitress
and I found that I felt comfortable working
with people and I like doing that.
Chris: How do you approach your friendships? In
a similar exchange of feelings?
Colleen: Yeah, I like to be open with people. That's
just the way I am. I respect other people
for what they are and I respect their values
even if they're not the same as mine.
Chris: What do you see in your future?
Colleen: Well to begin with I'll be working in a
general acute care hospital. After I gain j
Edna G. Jackman
Edwin H. Gullison
Patricia L. Griswold
1 ' *m 09m
I \l -r-^
Jo Ann Donovan
■ jm ■'-*% '^B
L /-% 1
A .*#■ ^^^H
Wjr % - ■
Carole J. Matczak
Patricia A. McQuillan
Judith A. Miller
Myla A. Morrison
some experience I'd like maybe to go on to
health planning or health co-ordination and
perhaps get my master's degree. Maybe I'll
• get into community health 'cause I feel
there's a little more room for expansion
in the community than the hospital setting
because it's such a strict bureaucracy. We're
supposed to be able to chagne that but it's
hard unless you get into the administrative
aspects of the hospital. They're really out
to make money and we're out for the best
patient care. Sometimes there's a conflict
Chris: Do you feel your choice of nursing on a
community level is a materialization of
your philosophical views on life?
Colleen: Yes, I do, because I believe in treating a
person as a whole being. I believe that
they're physical, psychological, emotional
and social beings and in the community you
can really get a chance to deal with someone
in that way because you meet their families,
you know who their peer groups is, and you
get to know the community they're in, and the
influences the community has on the person.
I believe that's a good way to start helping
Chris: Do you think your education here has helped
you in this direction?
Colleen: Oh yes, that's one of the reasons why I came
here. When I was looking for a nursing school
to go to, I looked into the philosophy here,
I lived it and so I came here.
Chris: Have you sensed a great deal of development
since you first came here?
Colleen: Oh, yes, I've matured, become more responsible
I feel like I've grown and developed as a
person I think I'm better able to communicate
with people, a
Robert L. Nickerson Sr
Sharon V. Nowacki
Susan M. Parent
I want to talk about survival. I don't just mean
staying alive, I mean quality of life also. ..life style.
I like the idea of helping people. To me it
accomplishes something. If you try to help
someone, it may improve life for them, they might
try to help other people, and it may improve
things a little all the way around. If you try to
live your life in a positive manner it sort of
creates ripples, and ripples keep moving outward.
Those ripples will eventually touch someone. It
makes it's mark. You can't get angry at the
world and try to hurt it; it's like trying to cut
water with a knife. You can't do it. But you can
make an influence; you can disturb it, you can
make things better. You have to think positively
about life or else you're hurting yourself. I
feel that if I can help people, which is one of
the reasons why I'm in nursing, then I'm
accomplishing something, both for the other person
and for myself. It's a good feeling to be able
to help someone, yes, but it's also logical.
When you help people it does improve life overall.
I can't understand a constantly negative attitude
toward life. It's unproductive, it's destructive,
it helps no one. I don't mind annoying people...
annoying them to make them think, or even to get
a reaction. Sometimes that's the only way you can
get a person to act. But if you only get anger
as a reaction, then you haven't accomplished your purpose.
A lot of people's primary purpose in life is to
have other people like them. That's fine...l
don't care whether people like me or not. It's
true! I like me, I like the way I am. I figure
if other people don't like me that they have some
reason that I couldn't help or something's wrong
with them. If there's something wrong with me
that I can change — fine. I don't mind changing
if I'm in the wrong. Do you? d
Mary C. Soule
Judity (J. Alemian
James F. Beneduci
JOSEPH J. ORZE Dean, Fine and Applied Arts
Every college within a university likes to believe
that it exists because it has something special to
contribute to the university through thr special pro-
grams it makes available to its students. This is
particularly true of a college comprised of the arts.
Within the college the creative processes are stressed,
the creative and expressive potentials of a student are
probed, kindled, and, hopefully, expanded to help the
student to become a more sensitive, broadly articulate
and creative individual.
The College of Fine and Applied Arts at SMU is a
professional school of the arts within a university
setting. As a professional school, it presents its
students with challenging programs of study in the arts
to prepare them to function at a high degree of initial
competence within the arts. It also recognizes the
value of an arts education as a viable option for those
students interested in pursuing a broadly based, human-
istic liberal education. The study of the arts is in'
reality the study of man and his most lofty achievements,
and the challenge of the creative experience and its
expression is the basic challenge faced by all men who
throughout history have been the vehicles of mankind's
growth and progress.
I am certain that the faculty and students of the
College of Fine and Applied Arts share with me the belief
in our special contribution to the University and to
society: the education of men and women who will enrich
our society as creators and performers of the arts plus
the education of many others who will be more sensitive,
humane and creative individuals as a result of their
education in the arts.
Linda I. Nelson
Ann M. Bethel
Art for art's sake. Art sure likes it. He's got
a lot of it all over the place. Everybody's doing his
work for him... I probably take everything I see with
a grain of salt. I'm just in a particular frame of
mind of recent times. It's lasted for about a year
so far... I see a lot of stuff I like, but not too
much of it is — quote unquote — 'art'. It's
working stuff. That's one of my bugs now. Stuff's
gotta work. It's gotta earn its living. It can't
just hang on a wall. Take a lot of Africian work —
masks and things. Those are an integral part of
the social structure. You might say well, that
stuff is sort of religious. But not necessarily,
a lot of this stuff just comes down to moral
aspects. Masks, carvings and so forth can
represent a moral philosophy. ..anything shouldn't
be there just for the hell of it. Well, I'm not
saying it shouldn't be. I'm just saying I'm no't
impressed with it. It can be there, I can say,
"okay, it's nice". I'm not overwhelmed Art
historians and art dealers go running around,
screaming "art! look at this art!!", dollar
signs flashing in their eyes. Okay, it's art, nice,
but don't bother me. It should communicate
something, should have a purpose although, some
painter could say about his work, 'the purpose
is to communicate the color of it.' It's all very
vague...l found out a lot of things in art history
that I didn't like. Attitudes about art which
really made me think about it, and made me decide
that a lot of it is really a lot of hoked-up,
manufactured. ..y'know,.. it's very marginal. It's
very esoteric. It has a very limited audience.
The artists are concerned about it, 'cause they're
Ann M. Butterfield
Patricia L. Churchi
Richard T. Cole
Robert A. Huff
Christine L. Hayward
Susan E. Garon
Nina J. Fulton
Gail M. Rochette
Marilyn J. Selent
doing it, and it's making a living for them, the
art dealers are concerned about it, because they're
making money out of the deal, the art historians
are concerned about it, because they have to write
about it, and writing about it makes them money.
So these three people are concerned about it,
because it's going to make them money. Everybody
else says, "Huh?" I don't understand it!. ..And it's
not making them money. This little group that's
making money on it just keeps running ahead of
the people standing there saying, 'I don't
understand,' and all three look back and say:
you're ignorant peasants! 'Don't bother us.'
They don't make much of a move to encourage them
to understand it. ..if you're trying to educate the
public — and a lot of them claim they're trying to
raise the standards of the peasants — it takes a
little while to do it, you can't go in great leaps
and bounds. And, if you are trying to communicate
to s*omeone, you don't use a language they don't
understand. ..So, you gradually evolve a style. Now,
the thing that happened was, in the "10's and '20's,
the dada group of surrealists came in and just blew
art to shit. They just dumped everything, turned
it all upside-down. So, this thing came into the
evolution of art and just scrambled it all up,
screwing up the whole chronology of it. Instead
of evolving at such a rate that people would only
be a little bit behind, after the dada group (and
all these other people) who said, 'This is all shit,
Give* me something new,' all these people started
jumping like crazy, all those artists trying to
get all this new stuff, and there was a new
movement like, every ten years, or every six months.
or every who-knows what. Pop art. Op art, this, that
and the other thing. If you look at art now, there's
nothing. No new movement. The super realists are
out of it, just a flash in the pan. The lyrical
expressionists were there, but they're not really
there. There's no new dominant movement in art now.
I think what happened was there was such a fast vertical movement
in styles, just one movement,
other, forming this long continuum. I think people got to
the top and said, 'There's no more! What do I do now?'
So they've gone down to the bottom, different people
taking particular movements and expanding them,
exploring the potential of each movement.
I have another pet theory on 20th century vs.
19th century, where you have painting, printmaking,
drawing, most of the graphic media are old media.
In the 20th century you have film, photography,
video, light works, sound works, holograms, 20th
century technology. It's hard to make 20th century
art with 19th century media. The thing is what can
you do with painting that hasn't been done? Blank
paintings, black paintings, long paintings,
sculptured paintings, what's left to paint that
Edward F. Zieba
Gloria E. Zalewski
Janine E. Simmons
Carol E. Smith
Carl W. Taber
Donald G. Thibault
hasn't been painted already? — There's this other
theory called the Greenberg theory, which ,
says there's this underlying stream that flows
progressively through art, one thing leading to
another — you know, you get romanticism, classicism,
impressionism, post-impressionism, abstract
surrealism, cubism, abstract expressionism, pop art,
op art, all these things connect together to give
you this line of production. ..so, I think painting
up to a certain point, and that's it! — it's no
longer a mainstream of art. You can go back and
expand it as much as you want — there will always
be painters around, because people probably like
paintings, and people like to paint, but I don't
think painting will have a position as a mainstream
of art. I think it's going to be light works.
People play at a canvas painting light — take the
impressionists, whose paintings are really
beautiful impressions of light. So where do you
go from there? You've painted light, now the next
thing to do is eliminate the paint, and use the
light; What we can do with the 20th century technology
available, is take the frozen art forms of
painting and illustration and add the dimensions
of time and space (and synchronized sound); which
puts it in a whole new realm. I think the whole
film technology is just beginning. Anyone off the
streets can buy a movie camera and make films as
good as the early producers made. Animation is
expensive now, but it's going to get cheaper.
Television, holograms ...compared to these things,
painting is decoration. Let the painters defend
themselves. What's their rationale, their reason
for being? a
1 Uai*tflM "jK- ■•■
Douglas R. Woodard
Hung J. Wong
Denise E. Winfield
Abrami, Robert J.
Aekitn, John A.
Adams, Torrey L.
Adamiki, Jr., Joseph F.
Afftldt, Jeanette L.
Afrasiabi, Mohamad M.
Alemian, Judith C.
Alfiero, Anthony C.
Alfonse, Joanne M.
Allan, Elizabeth M.
Alves, Barbara A.
Amarelo, David A.
Ambroseno, Cynthia L.
Anctil, Michael S.
Arena, Paul L.
Arsenault, Jane E.
Arsenault, Joseph R.
Ashcroft, Judy M.
Atwood, Raymond A.
Aubut, Richard H.
Austin, Thomas L.
Bailey, Theodore C.
Baldaia, Beverly A.
Balthazar, Kenneth F.
Barcelos, Frank P.
Barrette, Donald A.
Bastoni, Steven H.
Bean, Karen L.
Beaudry, William H.
Beaumont, Dorothy E.
Beaupre, Gary S.
Bechtold, Robert E.
Becker, Douglas H.
Bednarz, Richard W.
Belanger, Robert C.
Belinsky, Pamela A.
Benedud, James F.
Benson, Donna L.
Bergeron, Paul R.
Berlo, Deborah C.
Bernstein, Howard M.
Besen, Myra R.
Bessette, Kevin P.
Bethel, Ann M.
Blake, Timothy R.
Blanchard, Catherine D.
Blanchard, Donald E.
Blanchette, Frederick M.
Bobrowiecki, Christine A.
Bolduc, Marie P.
Bolleo, Paul J.
Bonito, David A.
Borden, David G.
Bormann, Thomas J.
Botelho, Paul J.
Bouchard, Claire M.
Boucher, Richard H.
Bourgeois, Jo Anne E.
Bourne, Joyce F.
Breslin, Mary E.
Brissette, Terry F.
Brodeur, Paul R.
Brogan, Norman F.
Bruneau, Roger L.
Burgess, James W.
Burns, Stephen W.
Butterfield, Ann M.
Cahill, Michael J.
Camara, John William
Cameron, John P.
Cameron, Lawrence J.
Caron, James F,
Carriere, Steven G.
Cass, Linda A.
Castonguay, Bruce F.
Caswell, Colleen M.
Cello, Dianne M.
Centorino, Joseph J.
Charest, Claude R.
Charest, Robert P.
Chlebek, Alan R.
Choquette, Gary J.
Churchill, Patricia L.
Clancy, F. Kenneth
Clay, Joan E.
Cloutier, Ann C.
Coates, Harry W.
Cole, Richard T.
Condon, Edward M.
Cooper, Christine L.
Cooper, Wayne T.
Corrigan, Kevin P.
Cosme, Flavio F.
Cote, Richard J.
Coutinho, Alan G.
Craig, James M.
Crouss, Robert C.
Curran, Katherine E.
Dasilva, Liberio J.
Dauer, David B.
David, Joseph J.
David, Kevin M.
Davis, Cynthio A.
Davis, Daniel R.
Deakin, William F.
Dec, Robert M.
Delgado, Grace L.
Desourdy, Catherine J.
Dey, David D.
Dietzler, Cecilia M.
Dion, Barbara L.
Doherty, Stephen J.
Donlon, Helen M.
Donnelly, Paul F.
Donnelly, Peter J.
Donovan, Jo Ann
Dorsey, Kevin E.
Drolet, Paul J.
Drought, John W.
Dryer, Beverly M.
Duarte, Thomas J.
Dubois, Margaret M.
Dufresne, Brian E.
Dufresne, James M.
Duhamel, Craig A.
Durfee, Margaret G.
Dussault, Denis M.
Dwyer, Wayne M.
Eaton, Kenneth W.
Eggert, James R.
Epstein, Wendy M.
Erickson, Paul R.
Estrella, Joseph M.
Evans, John H.
Evans, Jonathan K.
Fanning, Richard P.
Farrell, J. Daniel
Fasse, William C.
Ferrante, Paul J.
Ferreira, Joyce T.
Ferreira, Richard P.
Ferus, Paul J.
Fiejdasz, Carol A.
Field, Zena M.
Fleisch, Rebecca M.
Fontaine, Richard J.
Fontes, John G.
Ford, Douglas R.
Forman, Richard M.
Fortier, Ronald R.
Francoeur, Albert S.
Frazee, Paula J.
Friar, Donald S.
Fries, Thomas J.
Fulton, Nina J.
Funmilayo, Homed Y.
Furry, John W.
Furtado, Dawn A.
Furtado, Richard M.
Fyfe, Stephen D.
Gabel, Stephen P.
Gacek, Carol Ann M.
Gagne, Armand J.
Gagnier, Dianne C.
Galeski, Jr., Bernard T.
Garnish, Fred J.
Garvey, Terence, P.
Gaudet, Armand J.
Gee, Nelson, D.
George, Peter C.
Godfrey, Jane E.
Goldrick. Jeanne E.
Goldsmith, Michael M.
Gonsalves, Doreen M.
Goodwin, William T.
Gracia, Frank J.
Grant, Dennis M.
Gray, Thomas M.
Green, Susan E.
Greene, Ruth A.
Grefe, George N.
Gfenon, Francis O.
Griswold, Patricia L.
Gross, Terry C.
Guarnieri, Robert J.
Guerino, Eileen M.
Guilfoy, Anne M.
Gullison, Edwin H
Habib, Sandra L.
Hacking, Robin L.
Haggerty, Alice P.
Hague, Linda S.
Hahn, Mark J.
Hallal, Thomas J.
Hamburgess, Margaret A.
Happel, Richard D.
Hargraves, Bridget L.
Harkins, James P.
Harrison, David M.
Harrison, Paul D.
Hart, Maureen A.
Harvey, Duncan J.
Hayes, Joan Marie
Hearn, William J.
Henderson, Marion E.
Hill, Roger A.
Hocking, James B.
Hooker, Donald E.
Hopp, Richard W.
Houle, Carol D.
Hudson, George B.
Hudson, Robert S.
Huff, Robert A.
Hurd, Patricia L.
Hutchinson, Cynthia G.
Isabelle, Roger P.
Jackman, Edna G.
Jaillet, Michael A.
Jaillet, Richard A.
James, Donna M.
James, Timothy J.
Jansen, Barbara A.
Jesus, Roy K.
Jewell, Ann H.
Johnson, David W.
Johnson, Lawrence M.
Johnson, Ronald W.
Jones, Deborah B.
Jones, Gregory B.
Kameron, Edith A.
Kelly, Nancy L.
Kenn, Janet L.
Keyes, Jr., Ralph E.
Kidd, Robert W.
King, David G.
Kinner, Douglas R.
Kirk, Christine L.
Korzeniowski, Edward S.
Kubik, Deborah E.
Kuchinski, Jr., Joseph A.
Kut, Teresa A.
Kuthan, Francis R.
Lacroix, Steven C.
Langille, Paul F.
LaPointe, Thomas J.
Lau, Cho K.
Lavoie, Robert W.
Lawrence, Sara-Jane W.
Lebeau, Cynthia B.
Leblanc, Gerald A.
Lecomte, Dorothy A.
Lefebvre, Paul J.
Legendre, Anne M.
Lemieux, Robert P.
Lentz, David J.
Leonardo, Ludgero M.
Lepage, Gerald J.
Lepage, Gerald P.
Leung, Wai F.
Levesque, Richard D.
Librero, Thomas F.
Livingston, Glenn C.
Lopes, Edward P.
Lore, Peter P.
Love, Joseph M.
Lucas, Jeffrey T.
Luiz, Nina G.
Lyonnais, Anne L.
Maccinni, Edward J.
Maes, Patricia M.
Mahata, Michael F.
Mandeville, John A.
Marcoux, Thomas L.
Markhard, Karen A.
Martel, Paul A.
Martin, Paul A.
Martin, Robert G.
Martyniak, Marilyn A.
Mason, Pamela D.
Masse, Richard R.
Mastroianni, Daniel P.
Matczak, Carole J.
McCabe, Thomas F.
McCaffrey, Bruce A.
McCann, Mary F.
McCarthy, Michael R.
McCullough, Cathleen N.
McGannon, James G.
McGerigle, Richard J.
McGuirk, Francis J.
McKenzie, John S.
McMahon, John J.
McMahon, Leo T.
McQuillan, Patricia A.
Medeiros, Paul J.
Moehan, Norma E.
Meehan, Thomas W.
Megna, David J.
Mello, John C.
Mello, Joseph G.
Mello, Philip W.
Mello, Sharlene D.
Menard, Marilyn E.
Mendozo, Daniel J.
Merrill, Peter L.
Mickelson, Mark A.
Miller, Judith A.
Miranda, David P.
Mitchell, Daniel F.
Monaghan, John Jr.
Monahan, Jr., Paul F.
Monastesse, Dianne E.
Montmarquette, Gerard A.
Moore, Richard F. Jr.
Moran, John P.
Morel, Yvonne L.
Morris, Barbara J.
Morris, Margaret A.
Morrison, Myla A.
Morse, Jeffrey D.
Mullen, Stephen R.
Murphy, Colleen A.
Murphy, Lynne M.
Murray, Kathleen L.
Murray, Maureen V.
Nassr, Michael A.
Nelson, Linda I.
Nelson, Linda I.
Neves, Mary T.
Nickerson, Mary J.
Nickerson, Sr., Robert L.
North, Gary W.
Norton, Steven J.
Norwood, Carleton E.
Noyer, Patricia J.
Noyes, Jr., George I.
Nunes, John J.
O'Malley, Robert P.
Odell, Pamela A.
Ogara, Lawrence E.
Oliveira, Antonio P. A.
Oliveira, Debra J.
Oliveira, Sharon V.
Oliver, Walter T.
Owen, Robert D.
Oyenuga, Frank O.
Pacheco, Karen A.
Pacheco, Susan E.
Packard, David J.
Page, Charles W.
Paiva, Lucy M.
Paquin, Maurice R.
Paradice, Arthur P.
Parent, Susan M.
Pepin, Jeanne Y.
Peresluha, Matthew R.
Perlin, Joel D.
Pickett, Dale S.
Pierce, Richard J.
Pina, Rosemary J.
Pires, Clinton E.
Plaud, Stephen E.
Ponte, Michael G.
Pontes, James A.
Ponton, Joan M.
Portanova, Barbara A.
Potter, Cynthia A.
Poweski, Allen J.
Puza, David E.
Quek, Chuen K.
Ouintin, Ronald J.
Ragusa, Deanna C.
Rebeiro, Estella I.
Rebello, Alan D.
Rebelo, Manuel M.
Reed, Richard J.
Rego, Ronald J.
Rezendes, Dianne L.
Rice, Gary S.
Richard, Raymond Z.
Richards, Kenneth G.
Richman, David N.
Riendeau, Timothy J.
Riley, Edward P. Jr.
Rioux, David R.
Rivard, David A.
Roach, Daniel J.
Robidoux, Michael F.
Roche, William J.
Rochette, Gai! M.
Rodgers, Jeffrey R.
Rodrigues, David G.
Rollins, Daniel J.
Rose, Charles H.
Rose, Wayne A.
Rosenberg, Richard A.
Roy, Michael R.
Royer, Dale C.
Russell, William D.
Ryan, John J. Jr.
Ryndes, Robert S.
Sampson, Morjorie A.
Sanderson, David B.
Saunders, Mary F.
Scott, Fred J.
Scully, Joseph P.
Selent, Marilyn J.
Senteio, Roman W.
Shah, Raien P.
Shea, Walter F.
Sheehy, Veronica A.
Sherman, Candace L.
Sherwin, Craig J.
Shillue, Noreen P.
Silva, Joonn L.
Silvestrone, Jean A.
Silvia, Linda L.
Simeone, Ann M.
Simeone, John A.
Simmons, Janine E.
Sluter, David A.
Smith, Carol E.
Smith, Elizabeth A.
Smith, Jeffrey S.
Smith, Stephen W.
Solimine, Thomas T.
Sorensen, Vernon E.
Soule, Mary C.
Spahi, Medhat M.
Spahi, Rifat M.
St. Laurent, Rachelle L.
St. Laurent, Leo A.
Stamour, Richard A.
Stenberg, Richard W.
Sullivan, Charles F.
Sullivan, Colleen R.
Sullivan, Karen E.
Sweeney, Francis J.
Swift, Wayne O.
Sylvia, Joseph A.
Syslo, Michael J.
Taber, Carl W.
Taber, Jonathan L.
Talbot, Stephen T.
Tang, John W.
Tanzella, Francis L.
Taylor, Jr., Rodman E.
Teng, Stephen C.
Tetreault, Sheila J.
Thannikkamattat, Sr. Rosamma
Theroux, Leonard A.
Thibault, Donald G.
Thibault, Leonard D.
Toner, Margaret A.
Travers, Dennis J.
Travers, Lorraine A.
Tripp, Deborah L.
Tschaen, Janet R.
Tsimprea, Gail M.
Twomey, Linda E.
Urban, Jim P.
Valliere, Paulette M.
Valois, Rene M.
Varnet, Theresa M.
Vidal, Gerard A.
Vieira, Christine P.
Vieira, Earl Rogers
Vieira, John D.
Walls, Ann M.
Walsh, Dennis M.
Warrener, Joseph A.
Wasserboehr, Deborah J.
White, Kathleen M.
Wilde, William L.
Wilkins, Daniel F.
Williams, Elaine G.
Williams, Linda L.
Wilson, Heather S.
Winfield, Denise E.
Withers, June M.
Wolfe, Harriet E.
Wong, Hung J.
Woodard, Douglas R.
Wroblewski, Anne L.
Zalewski, Gloria E.
Zawatski, Mary-Ellen J.
Zieba, Edward F.
Ziobro, Paul W.
The Corsair basketball team finished with a respectable
11-13 mark, in a season that was full of ups and downs.
Coach Bruce Wheeler's crew battled inconsistency
all season long, displaying tremendous ability to put
tha ball in the hoop, but defensive weaknesses hurt.
Individually, both Mike Roy and General Holman joined
the exclusive 1,000carrier point club. Senior Co-captain
Roy, an all-New England Honorable Mention selection became
the seventh player in SMU history to record the feat February
22, 1975 vs. Gordon College. Holman, the Corsiars' other
co-captain became the sixth player in SMU history to
achieve the feat his 1 ,000th coming earlier in the season
(Dec. 14, 1974) against Eastern Connecticut State College.
Only a junior, Holman has a tremendous shot next year of
emerging as the greatest scorer ever to don a Blue, Gold
and White uniform.
In its third season of intercollegiate competition,
the women's basketball team was very successful. The
success of this year's campaign can be attributed to the
outstanding efforts and attitudes of the eleven girls
on the team. Co-captain Carol Pimental let the team in
scoring with an average of 16 points per game. Co-captain
Sue Olmsted, Pat Corbett and Pat Gallagher provided needed
experience and frosh Marilyn Caswell and Rosie Ventura
pumped home 14 and 12 points respectively, to emerge big
surprises for coach Jacquiline Rioulx. The SMU girls
averaged 72 points a game while holding their opponents
to 53 on the way to a glittering 9-2 regular season mark.
They finished runner-up to Bridgewater State in the first
annual Massachusetts Association for Intercollegiate Athletics
for Women Tournament .
Only its first season of varsity collegiate competition,
coach Joe Prenda's crew nevertheless showed definite signs
of an improving hockey team despite its 1-13 initial
Another very young squad, there is definite
optimism for the future in the Corsair Hockey camp.
Four years ago the Athletic Department began to implement
plans for those women on our campus who were interested in and
concerned with present and future offerings and opportunities in
sport for college women at S.M.U. Our programs have been well
received in all areas. The future of intercollegiate athletics,
intramurals and instructional classes for women at this university
looks promising. Enthusiasm on the part of participant and staff
is high. We believe that the contribution the Athletic Department
has made and will continue to make to the lives of our students
is boundless. We look forward to the challenges of future years
and women in sport at S.M.U.
The SMU women's field hockey went through the fall
season with a win 0-5-2, but experienced gained in the
relatively new program should be invaluable towards the
future. Miss Barbara Correiro's squad was composed of
complete underclassmen and is a team with a positive eye
to the future.
It was the second year for the team and there were im-
provements from the first year. The team's only victory the
first year was against Fitchburg while this year they defeated
Fitchburg, Worcester State, and M.I.T. and lost to U.R.I, by
only five points. The first year S.M.U. lost to U.R.I, by 35
points. Five team members received second year awards and
seven earned first year awards for their efforts to the team
this year. All but three of last year's swim records were
broken during this season. Throughout the season there were
many team members on the top ten swim record list of the New
England Swimming Association because of their fast times during
meets. If the S.M.U. Women's Swim Team continues to have im-
provements like this year, the 1975-1976 season should be the
Joan Moehring Women's Swim Coach
SMU's men's aquatic squad, under the guidance of head
coach John Barrett, recorded a 1-8 regular season mark in
its second year of varsity competition, including a third-
place finish in the Babson Invitational.
Four new school marks were set during the season.
Junior Ric Cooper set a new SMU record in the 1 ,000 yard
freestyle (12:26.5) and also the 500 yard freestyle
(6:00.2). Mike McCarthy, senior co-captain, set a new mark
in the one meter dive, (179. 35) and the three meter dive
(209.55) to highlight the season.
Coach Bruce Wheeler's baseballers put together the winningest
season ever by an SMU squad, as they vinished with an outstanding
(32-1 1) mark, losing on the finals of the NAIA District 32 fourth
4-2 to Eastern Connecticut State College.
The Blue, White and Gold for the first time in many years
journyed down South in pre-season play, recording a (3-3) mark
through Virginia, Maryland and Delaware.
Coach Bob Dowd's amazing harriers continued their
streak of brilliant performances, running up an impressive
11-3 regular season mark, earning them straight second trip
to the NAIA Nationals in Salinas, Kansas. The Corsairs
placed 15th in the country in the nationals and continued
to enforce themselves as one of the premier cross country
powers in New England.
Completed 5th straight undefeated regular season at home.
Placed second in the Second Annual SMU Invitational Championships
in a field of 12 colleges.
Placed eighth in the Cod Fish Bowl Invitational in a field of 27
Placed seventh in the State University of New York at Albany
Invitational Championships in a field of 18 colleges.
Won the N.A.I. A. District 32 Championship for the second co-
Won the Tri-State Conference Championship Meet for the third
Peter Smith served as an outstanding captain.
Billy Mansulla, Mike Murphy, Peter Smith, George Itz, Peter
Kuchinski and Cliff Hampson were named to the 1974 NAIA District
32 All Star Team.
Billy Mansulla won his second consecutive Tri-State Title while
Peter Smith, Mike Murphy, Peter Kuchinski, Buddy Harris, George
Itz, Cliff Hampson and Mel Lightford were named to the 1974 Con-
ference All Star Squad.
Cliff Hampson, Buddy Harris, George Itz, Peter Kuchinski, Billy
Mansulla, Mike Murphy, and Peter Smith represented SMU in the
NAIA National Championship Meet in Salina, Kansas. Billy Mansul-
la was the Corsairs top finisher.
Coach Bob Dowd was elected NAIA District 32 Coach of the Year.
Coach Bob Dowd's track squad continued their fine winning)
tradition with a super 13-1 season, .again winning the NAIA
District 32 South championship.
Several of the track stars turned outstanding individual
performances during the regular season, schools records
falling in nearly every meet, for the first time ever,
the colors of the Blue, Gold and White were represented
in both the New England track championships and the NCAA
Division III National Championships.
Coach Marie Snyder's volleyball
squad had a highly
successful season, the Corsair finishing
with a sparkling
Again, this was a squad that was
very young, and
with one big winning season under the
r belts, this girl's
squad has the potential to become one
of the best volleyball
squads in New England.
Southeastern Massachusetts University had still another
outstanding soccer team in 1974 under the guidance of
youthful head mentor John Barett. The Blue, White and
Gold compiled a solid 1 1 -3-5 mark over the regular season,
winning the NAIA Distroct 32(5) championship in post-season
play, finishing as the Area 8 runner-up.
Joe Hummel, Fernando Goulart and Jerry Sock were named
to the district all-star team; Sock also named to the All-NEW
England second team, the first player in the history of SMU
to receive such recognition.
Coach John Barrett's linksmen became the first squad
in the history of the school to qualify for the NAIA Nationals
in Ft. Worth, Texas.
The talented squad (10-5) on the regular season, won
the district playoffs by a comfortable 12 stroke margin to
earn the right to participate in the National Competition.
The Corsairs' fencing squad, coached by Eugene
Williams and Dr. Ralph Tykodi, posted a 4-7 during the
The Blue, Gold and White placed a very respectable fourth
in the 23rd annual New England Inter-collegiate Fencing
Tournament to highlight the season.
The SMU girl's fencing squad romped through a pleasing
7-4-1 regular season mark.
Coach Bob Guiney's strong fencers placed a strong
third in the New England Intercollegiate competition climaxing
a most impressive campaign.
The SMU Women struggled to a 2-8 season in tennis, but
their play was a lot more impressive than the record might
indicate. Coach Yurek Kepinski's female netters lost five
of those eight matches by a 3-2 count and with a little luck,
things could have been reversed.
Captain Pat Corbett individually had an outstanding
season for the Blue, Gold and White. She compiled a solid
7-3 mark and went all the way to the consolation semi-
finals in the Yale Invitational before being eliminated.
Are you what you eat?
photo by Mark Mattos
Your 4 years at SMU were more than a waste of your
life: they were a threat to your survival. Your teachers did
not educate you. They did not teach you to live. They
taught you to die.
They taught you to perceive and symbolize. But they did not
teach you to reason. They taught you to despise reason.
They taught you to despise what is perhaps the most fundamental
method of individual human survival. But they did more than
teach you to dispise reason - they taught you to ignore
it. You don't know what it is because your teachers don't.
Nobody taught them. They don't know how to live either.
Humans who don't reason have no other sufficient means of
survival : they die. You were taught that reason is a method
of fraud: of rationalization and manipulation. Your teachers
were talking about themselves. And about what they wanted
you to be: incapable of survival; like them.
It is possible to obtain a doctorate without ever
learning that reason is something more than an object of faith
of those naively optimistic 1 7th and 18thcenturies or a method of
sexual repression. You probably think that reason is "analysis."
And most especially the analysis of "ideas." And ideas,
you were taught, are either subjective or social. But never
objective. Nothing is objective, claim your teachers except
their proof (!?) that nothing is objective. They claim this
because thev have learned that reason is not automatic, it
requires effort. So they have told you that you could be
mistaken. And you must be mistaken since nature doesn't
automatically tell you how to reason. And you could be
mistaken. And its all subjective Reason, to your teachers,
is merely a facade over our fantasies and beliefs. Just
remember to have collective beliefs. You don't want to spend
your free time in a political reeducation class.
Reason is not "analysis" of subjective or social
ideas. Reason is a faculty of your consciousness whereby you
can identify and integrate your sense experience. You do this
by concepts. A concept is a mental integration of units,
possessing the same distinguishing characteristic, with their
particular measurements omitted. This is not the place for
a technical discourse on epistemology (the study of
knowledge). But I just want to note that you have the ability
to be conscious of the fact that 2 things resemble each other
but are different from a third thing. Brute animals can be
conscious of things which are similar or different. But they
are not conscious of the similarity or difference itself.
And brute animals are not simultanously conscious of the
similarity and difference. You are. You are a rational animal
despite what your teachers, who cannot define concepts, have told
you. Irrationality has meaning solely as a derivation from the
fact of rationality.
But you were taught to remain on the perceptual-symbolic
level of your consciousness. This is the fundamental cause of your
teachers' method of memory. You were taught to remain on the
concrete level of consciousness; like any primitive savage. You
were taught to memorize isolated, contradictory, out of context,
bits of information. You were not taught to conceptualize, to
classify, to catagonze. To the extent that you were taught to
classify you were taught to arbitrarily group arbitrarily selected
things (concretes; particulars of sense experience) together and
then symbolize that group. You had to memorize those concretes,
groups, and group relationships because no logical reason was given
for differentiating one group from another: objectivity is
impossible, claim your teachers. And of course you were taught
definitions by non-essentials: and industrialist and a thief
are members of the same class since both won't sacrifice
themselves for you.
Humans cannot survive by remaining on the concrete level
of experience. They must transcend their sense experience, because
nature gives us no automatic knowledge for survival. So
you were taught to transcend your senses. Only not by identifying
and integrating your sense experience with concepts but by
symbols, fantasies, beliefs, religion, and perhaps by
"transcendental meditation." Maybe I'm exaggerating, but
not by much. You were taught that knowledge (perceptual and
conceptual) is a product of physical actions (existence)
without consciousness or a product of subjective states of
consciousness without existence. You were not taught that
knowledge is a product of your consciousness of existence.
The exceptions to the first 2 absurd theories are rare if they
exist at all in academic-land.
Those who managed, somehow and heroically, to retain their
mind through four years of cognitive dis-integreation and who
have followed me so far (this essay is conceptual,
not symbolic) may now be vaguely aware why your uneasiness at
your teachers' obscurities, vaguenesses, ambiguities, irrelevancies,
trivia, and just plain incompetence was not your fault but
theirs. Your uneasiness was valid: you learned nothing pertaining
to a human life. But a human life is not your teachers'
goal. They worship the collective. That is why those rare students
who ask 'why' are manipulated to feel that their defiance
of group submission is a cause for ridicule, comtempt, and when
Cm0W*&t# J*y StyAuu 64*U47am+
that won't work, hatred. I recall a teacher who would smile
yvhen she convinced students that knowledge was impossible.
In a very significant sense your teachers have no intelligence:
they are symbol manipulators. INtelligence is the ability to
classify existence. They claim that classification is a matter
of whim or public opinion polls. That is what you were taught:
that knowledge is either subjective of social but never
objective. They claimed this with the false dichotomy of
subjective vs. intrinsic (which they misclassify as objective).
The subjective is you out of relation to everything else.
The intrinsic (knowledge as a property of physical things)
is everything else out of relation to you. What you didn't learn
/vas that knowledge is a relationship between you and
everything else. Knowledge is objective and the object is the
product of the interaction between existence and your consciousness.
Fantasies however are subjective. Your teachers were right
I want to quote from my teacher Ayn Rand. This is
from her Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology:
"Above the first-level abstractions of perceptual
concretes, most people hold concepts as loose approximations,
without firm definitions, clear meanings, or specific referents;
and the greater a concept's distance from the perceptual level,
the vaguer its content. Starting from the mental habit of
learning words without grasping their meanings, people find impos-
sible to grasp higher abstractions, and their conceptual
development consists of fog into fog into thicker fog until
the hierarchial structure of concepts breaks down in their
minds, losing all ties to reality; and as they lose the capacity
to understand, their education becomes a process of memorizing
and imitating.... words, as such people use them, denote
unidentified feelings, unadmitted motives, subconscious urges,
chance associations, memorized sounds, ritualistic formulas and
social-metaphysical [other people's demands as reality]
You can now understand why the mystic-irrationalist societies
of Asia and Aftica are held to be superior to Western rationalism.
One sociologist told me that hunting-gathering societies were
superior to all others. (She gave an ethical-political reason
but the implicit basis was epsitemological). Another sociologist
couldn't answer when asked about the relationship between reason
and human survival. What are these people doing in university
posts? What are any of them doing? They are here to complete '
the job your parents started: don't think, don't question,
believe, have faith, obey, do your duty. Why? Neyerheard
of that word. Will you now consider me mistaken if I tell you
that university students who value reason are an endangered ■
A real education would give training in the technique
of "thinking in principles." But this is precisely what
your four years at SMU has avoided. The common method is to ^
mention in passing the fundamentals of the subject and then
quickly proceed to the non-fundamental levels. There is
rarely any systematic and continuous reference to the
fundamentals of the subject. This is necessitated by the vague
awareness of fundamentals by the teacher himself. Properly
a teacher should spend much time on systematically, logically
developing the fundamentals in a rigorously hierarchical
way. He should show the logical necessity between your
percepts (sense experience) and the basic concepts of the subject.
This is the critical area. If this is bypassed education necessarily
reduces to memory since there is no logical basis to the theories
being studied. Your teachers must either point to a sensory
basis for their concepts or have you accept pseudo-concepts on
faith via intellectual and emotional intimidation. There is
rarely a critical examination of the fundamental concepts of a
given subject. There is rarely any considered disagreement on
fundamentals by students. There is rarely any approval by the
teacher for probing debate on the fundamentals. I was told by
4 of my teachers in one semester that questions on
fundamentals were not permitted. I do not ask for your belief
by your independent rational judgement: ask why. And ask why again
and again and again. You will receive the same evasiveness,
ridicule, overly complex technical jargon, and hatred which any
rational inquiry receives from any irrationalist. The
"Establishment" is not capitalism, it is irrationalism.
Irrationalism in principle. Your teachers wanted you, in
principle, to remain (as a result of your previous education)
incapable of identifying your sense experience and then integrating
it with the rest of your sense experience.
The more narrowly they can focus your consciousness to the
immediate, the sensational, the "eternal now", and keep
it there the more they have succeeded. This is why you were
taught that life is a contradiction. It is to a savage
who cannot integrate his consciousness; who must remain on the
sensational (below perceptual!) level of consciousness to
avoid facing the contradictions in the rest of his consciousness
of existence. This explains the psychological attractiveness of
Asian and African philosophy: they are sophisticated methods of
reducing one's consciousness to as little content as possible.
The eager and passionate learning of a child at "play" is
not the attitude your teachers' value. They value the savage
who retreats to "a rich fantasy life" to escape from his
lack of consciousness of the means to deal with existence.
Existence exists. It won't vanish because you are ignorant of it.
But you will vanish (die) if you are not conscious of it.
The content of your courses is as destructive to your
survival as the method. You were taught that the basis of
knowledge is Experience (and not existence). And experience
is random, or the result of your arbitrary choices. The world as
will and chance. This is the metaphysical basis for the dominance
of probability theory. If reality is only random events (and
not things with specific identities which act in specific
ways) then probabilities are all one has. Though a more advanced
society might have ancestor worship and god and devil worship. If
you don't know how to make your crops grow, sacrifice a
goat. Or a human.
This is the basis for the all pervading selflessness
and collectivism of your humanities classes. People who don't
know how to be selfish (act to survive) must necessarily
be selfless (act to die). Did you ever hear a teacher tell you
that you should hold your own life as your highest moral value?
Of course not. You were told that selfishness is the essence
of evil. People who worship their own life are evil. And the
selfless zombies who don't are good Good by what standard?
Death. Either your teachers teach you to live or they teach
you to die There is no third alternative Did your parents
teach you to value your own life over their neurotic and frus
trated emotions? Well don't expect your teachers to do it
Your parents made you feel selfless Your teachers made you
"think" selfless. Rational people know how to live They
don't have to be selfless
Rational people are individualists They are independent m
thought and action They don't sacrifice their judgements and life
to the approval of the mob This is why you were taught that
collectivism is a moral value. Your teachers merely compete
(along with the political thugs and mass murderers who they
have taught and whose actions they justify) to see whose version
of collectivism will dominate and rule the losing gangs You
were taught that society is the replacement for God Worship the
collective whether it is racial, economic, national, sexual, ethnic
or whatever, but worship the collective You don't want to
be "persuaded" to attend a political reeducation class as
do your more fortunate comrades in Russia and China People
who cannot reason want others to protect them from their
inability to live. That is the psychological motivefor collectivism
It is why you were taught it as a method for explaining human
action. But collectivists do not survive Only collectivities do
Now that your education here is finished you can begin to
educate yourself You don't need hope or luck or faith All
you need is to choose to reason
GEORGE: Now, to begin the interview, I'll ask you the first
question: Why were you interested in having an interview on
Philosophy for the yearbook?
CHRIS: Because I think that's something that would carry
through in years as more interesting reading, rather than
just what people are doing specifically, although people would
prefer to talk about what they are doing. I think that's mainly
because they haven't talked or thought out enough about what
their real philosophy on life is. ..and I as an individual am more
interested in people's philosophies on life because I am
trying to draw together a coherent sense of life for myself.
GEORGE : Well, what made; you think philosophy can do that for
CHRIS: I don't know if it is philosophy that can do that. But
as opposed to biology or something, philosophy seems to be a
more basic and vital guide.
GEORGE: Do you have an idea of what philosophy is?' What
is your impression of philosophy?
CHRIS : Philosophy is an outlook on something. ..where your
head is at in relation to some issue or situation...
GEORGE: Sure. It would consist of ideas, how they're
connected. ..how that gives you a perspective on the world in any
arena, ethics or aesthetics or politics. But I think it's
an effort to find a wholistic view of the universe, to understand
where man's place is in the universe.
CHRIS: I think it's very difficult for us to do that, or
even imagine it, other than from exactly where we are. I'm
sure we have a very, very limited oversight on the total
situation of life.
GEORGE: And the more we know, the more difficult it is to
make valid wholistic connections. But work is being done
now in philosophy. Exchanges with Eastern ideas I think
will help Western philosophy grow, because they emphasize
different issues, which help to place our Western philosophical
problems in wider perspectives. Consciousness! What is
consciousness? Apparently now phenomenologists are interested
in reading some of this Eastern material that's being produced
now and was ultimatley derived out of years from the past,
and carrying on some sort of dialogue which they feel is
exciting. So there's a direction of melting Eastern and
Western ideas in order to gain a perspective. The ideas are
just means to awareness, modes of consciousness. ..but you must
start with ideas for philosophy.
CHRIS: Well, what sort of ideas do you have for philosophy?
GEORGE: Well, in some ways this is where I might begin a
dialogue with Steve Grossman: Stephen's ideas on the body;
philosophy of the body. I believe that philosophy should
get us closer to ourselves. ..and by doing that we will
automatically be closer to other people, because outward
observations require inward reflections to be of any value.
So we are constantly carrying on our own dialogue between the
external realm that we observe and the inward realm of our
experience, our emotional responses to those and our own
actions. Such a philosophy that Stephen has, has a lot of
value. It's not anything very new, in that obviously the Yogic
philosophies are very much into body awareness for the basis
of the sort of the spirituality which I think might be
comparable to Stephan's goal, or his philosophy's goal:
self-realization, awareness, the immediacy of response, and
the spontinaety of expression. So in that I find a lot of
value. Where I think he goes wrong - if he does go wrong
is by taking that philosophy of "perceptualism',' as he
describes it, to be the way for all people. Now easily
there are many different ways towards awareness and these ways
are ultimately philosophical in that we must make the widest
Jkduvuw oj GjUttge TliUAct -khXC dfau MbujumaoL
possible judgements on our life actions and values. I agree
with Steve that value is what it's all about. ..quality in life.
But people have many different ways of achieving quality in
life. Whereas the Greeks termed that the goal of life
would be happiness, right? You know Dimonea? I don't feel
that you can critisize people for not responding to your
particular method of self-realization and humanization of your
person. I think there are many different ways. ..and in Western
philosophy itself, you have many different ways, analitic,
existential, pragmatic. ..they all turn us on to making
insightful judgements and propositions about life theory...
like there are attempts at what (who?) called 'momentary
stays against confusion.' Attempts to gain wider perspectives
on the meaning of our life. But in a way that fits each of
us as an individual. And I feel in that sense there is no
distinction between philosophy and psychology. We can only
live in the present, although we may reflect or anticipate
the future. And any means of consciousness or awareness that
achieves self-realization now, in that it reactivates our love
for life and our awareness of it's possiblities in a wide
perspective. ..in a valuative respect, is higher thought. ..it
is theorea, in Aristotle's terminology. But it also must be
practiced. It must be translated into our life.
Now, where Stephan's sees it as some sort of romantic
return to our lost sexuality, I see it more realistically in
terms of Nietzes' transevaluation of values. ..and what does
that mean? Well it involvesanihilatingyour conditioned
values. Those that you were taught by your parents, schools...
those pressures you accepted in your life as true or value and
worthy of response. It involves examining them, and in some
sense undergoing a period of anihilation. I believe this is
comparable to some of the eastern modes of thought when they
talk about the ego. It's necessary to rediscover our desires
which are the basis for our values. I think value need not
be circumscribed in sexuality or sexual terms. I think there
is a heirarchy within us, a continum of sense and intellect which
is not split. But I think the people who do not have awareness...
insight into all facets of their living, sexuality, and such,
carry a split. ..don't know their roots, and are not completely
expressing themselves. So I applaud efforts towards regaining
consciousness of any sort whether it be perceptualism,...
phenomenology,.. .Yoga. ..it's been good to me, and I see it's
been good to other people too. I don't think it's been a
wasted effort for anyone.
I'm also interested in commenting on people talking about
getting "high" on philosophy and Yoga and such. Alot of
people are disturbed about that. ..young people getting high
on eastern thought, on drugs, anihilism and freedom. I think
it's very misunderstood and very much an area of abuse. I think
to understand life you have to engage in, what was called in
past university systems, a discipline. A discipline that
exercises the use of your will, your intellect and develops
your concentration and contemplation. ..And what else is ther
but to contemplate your being and the world and your experiences?
I feel that those people who get high on life without some form
of self-discipline can be cheating themselves of a wider
perspective. On the other hand, those hung up by intellectual
theories can be cheating themselves of experience. There's
always been a problem of balancing your actions in the world
in terms of participation and observation: introspection and
extroversion. That's why I feel this uneasyness you speak
of, in getting people to talk about themselves. It reflects
the pressures, the needs, the hungers for that perspective
not only on their identity but their judgement of the world,
as it is and what it has to offer. So I think it's valid to
use the term "high" as a synonym for being positively
aware of possibilities in the world. But without commitment
to a discipline for your way into self-realization, you cannot
achieve this as a reality. ..your life as a reality. So that
creates a lot of tension and that's why people are so aware of
themselves that it's painful. Of course there are lots of
other psyco-physical reasons for people being sensitive about
their inner life. But now I believe a large part of humanity
is being sensitized due to the population explosion,
communications explosions. ..and introverted individuals are
being constantly threatened and challenged to express themselves,
as humanity becomes a family of man, a global village. ..a
CHRIS: It's hard for those more introverted people to
adjust to the extent of others.
GEORGE: Right, and also extroverted people who are undergoing
identity or value crises. They're looking for support
through and in these movements in philosophy, psychology,
body awareness. ..which is all very good, but bespeaks of our
tremendous need also.
At any rate, these "highs" can be mere whimsies if
we don't have the discipline to make them really part of
our lives. And I see people struggling to do that, and so
I salute efforts like Steve's. But I also feel compassion
for other groups that are misunderstood. Obviously they
are seeking the good, in terms of the Greek motto. ..but...
this would lead me to say in jest that one could consider the
different means according to different tasts. I find that
I'm interested in poetry and philosophy and aestetics. The
jest would be that poetry would be like wine, and philosophy,
beer. Even they can be abused. William Blake said you never
know when you've had enough until you've had too much. So
you can overdose on poetry and philosophy too if they turn
you on to your life. They should bring you insight and not
So I think of Steve's ph i losophy as a religion in the
sense that religion is concerned with ultimate values, and also
requires a commitment. I don't think it's too far to speak
of it in terms of a resurrection of the body, before the birth
of the soul or your entire awareness of who you are. ..that
continumn between sense and the mind. This expansion also
demands vulnerability and growth. To be aware of new
experiences is risky. It involves opening to possible pain,
but with proportionate pleasure. Your philosophy must deal
with your own sense of awareness and not beotherdirected.
So there's another point that I agree with Steve, on individuality.
But I do disagree that altruism is selfless. I don't think
it need be selfless. In fact I think it's very self-centered,
but I would put a capitol "S" on self, because as we examine
our roots it's then we see we're a part of the family of
man. So that unites us with people more than separates us
from them. It's an openess you spoke of, getting to know
people's values. They're very vulnerable.
I think thoughtful, introverted people have a very
valuable contribution, because they have an enriched inner
life; which serves to provide reflections for others, who don't
have time to reflect upon their experiences. In the past there
were monasteries and other such sanctuaries for these individuals.
Now, I regret to say, they may find themselves dispossesed in
this evolutionary age into a mass society, with it, animosity and
shortage of values. It's difficult for them, but as they are
observers of life they have a lot to contribute if they can be
coaxed to express themselves.
As for my personal philosophy, I believe in Dowism
and Zen Buddism to a degree. The latter I see as sort of
spiritual-psychological hygine with which we clean ourselves
and take care of our mind; for us to look at our attitudes towards
life more openly, more questioning of our values, to avoid
the pitfalls of defense mechanisms, of denial, compensation...
learn to express our spontinaety in its both good and bad
expressions. That's where the Dowism comes in. I feel we
could speak of two constants in the universe and that would
be the dynamic and the static; the active and the potentially
active; the Yin and the Yang... I realize there are different
ways to respond to reality and you can't have a fixed response
to life because life changes and flows on. So, you have
to be able to change and adapt with it, and that's very difficult
to achieve in conjunction with a discipline. That's why it's
very important to choose a discipline that is best suited
to you, which can allow you to have perspective on the center
of your life and yet also move in new directions to new
experiences at the same time. The frustration of our age is
that people think that they can choose one of these disciplines,
or faiths,or philosophies,or oriental ways as quickly as they can
buy things in supermarkets. That's why they're often frustrated
and move from one path to the next. Now when the search is outward
it can be helpful but only if it helps you find your inward
path. The danger lies in other directioness: the worship of
gurus, cultism, lack of discipline and worst of all,.lack of
faith in yourself that you can find your own way if you turn
yourself on to the inward eye. So that's where the sensitive
inward people can halp us to get on route more quickly, because
they have done reflection. So it's very good to read poetry
and philosophy, but only insofar as it advances your self-
awareness. I think too many people read others' ideas as an
end in themselves rather than a means to their own ideas about
their own life. And yet at the same time there's this horizon
of being and possibilities around us of which all ideas must form
a constellation, like stars, that always remind us that there are
more possibilities out there for us and that you're never
to stagnate, and always to seek an equilibrium between our center
and the concentric circle of the universe around us.
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Plight of the Vidio Artist
The man situated himself
inside a defunct commercial dryer.
Shuh! The concept was of art
not just tumbling the imagination.
Machine and Mother
in separate realms
to delve into equations:
Machine = Mother
and reenter in the fetal form
with a vidio return
to his indulgence.
Now even in the sanctity
of the womb,
an art abortion rationalized
it's own performance.
"Come out of there you nasty man!
What in the name of creation,
are you doing?!"
My art is my life,
My life is my art.
Above the dryer stands empty as the vidio tape replays the newly recorded art.
Below Willoughby Sharp, in bathrobe, and SMU Professor Peter London Watch.
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On the morning of October 5th, 1974, Peter London assembled
a group of art educators, students, children and adults on the SMU
campus for the first (hopefully others will follow) children's
Art Fair. No specific place was designated for the event, as London
hoped to utilize the Campus' "studios, amphitheaters, open spaces,
forests, ponds, (and) ups-and-downs..." in an attempt to capture a
mood of spontaneity and loosely structured learning-fun.
On display and in-the-making for the event, which drew about
500 people, were kites, batiks, inflatables, films, etchings, water
colors, murals, banners and more.
The purpose, said Assistant Professor Elleda Katan, was "to
bring together public school art educators, University art
educators, and the entire community in Bristol County," and
added that although no' definite schedule has yet been set up,
a repeat performance is "definitely planned."
• • • • •
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The thick orange light of late afternoon glazed her
cold sharp features, highlighting the planes on half of
her face while obscuring the slpoed side turned inward
from the sun. Like a Picasso rendering, her seated
portrait by the open window was a study of contrasts
and angular complexity. A taut layer of muscle
underneath clay textured skin, controlled a certain
severity in her expression. Her lips, like an ancient
sealed shrine, denied entrance to a warm salivating
cavity, while clear, youthful eyes indeterminably
scanned the text of a book entitled along the binding
in italic gold: Truth and Eternal Life. Above her
forehead, a massive network of tiny distraught hairs
sprang and bent on the spontaneity of disorder like
frazzled nerves of light. She was silent. Her left foot
vibrated against the couch, as though feeding on the
stored energy of a tiny cell. This remote discharge of
energy pooled a disturbing interest, through an
apparent dissociation with the static form of cerebral
In a final moment, she sighed; the breath through
her nostrils causings weightless dust to spiral in a
choreographic display of madness. Lifting her head,
she turned to observe her partial reflection in a walnut
framed mirror hung nearby. The fine contours of the
cheekbone curved like a supple white body through
a jungle of bronze hair. The sorcerous image was
carefully checked, confined along the rectilinear edge
of glass. She stared, her attention slipped away. A
breeze flowed through quickly as the unrestrained
pages of the book rushed in the plunderage of
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cj^cia jb%wa> "75
The SMU Gym at 1 :30 p.m. on Sunday April 20, 1975 was the scene
of a backetball "extravaganza" hosted by Tau Kappa Epsilon.
Playing were: The New England Patriots vs. the SMU 'Frat-Rats', the
Playboy Bunnies vs. the Political All-Stars, WSAR's D.J.'s vs.
SMU's 'Sorority Stompers', with a half-time show by the Dartmouth
High School Stage Band. Winner for the night was St. Jude's
Children's Research Hospital (for whom the games were played)
just some of the Torch staff hanging around the office.
Reprinted from the TORCH, May 23, 1975 without permission
To the Editor:
This letter is sort of a general all out commentary. I
wanted to write on several occasions about several issues, and
never got aroupd to it. Now, I'd like to try and lump all
my feelings into one letter.
I have before me the latest two editions of the TORCH, dated
May 9 and May 16, 1975, respectively. In particular, the
"Commentary" section is the one which usually gets my attention.
I especially enjoy it when everybody seems to cut each other up
in this section. At least the vituperation is on paper and not
where it could get violent.
But seriously, many of the "grievance" letters you do
publish (without editing, I presume and hope) are valid and
have their place there. For example , I am in total agreement with
those five students who felt that the Spotlight (5-5-75) on
Editor Richard Dagwan's birthday party was irrelevant. I
realize that it was (or at least, seemed to be) an act of
patronization for you hard working Boss, but I'm sure we already
see enough "Carlotta's" on this Campus without advertising the
fact. No offense intended to Mr. Dagwan, but in this particular
case, I felt the section was wholly uneeded, and if anything
only took up space that could have been used for 'Ads.'
Another thing that comes to mind is the TORCH policy of
endorsing candidates. I'm wondering how many big newspapers backed
RichardNixon in 1973, who later had to swallow their magnificent
editorials and flush their praises and songs down the toilet.
Again, not intended as a cut against the new Student Trustee Andy
Sutcliffe, whom I voted for anyway, but the point I'm trying
to make is this: Since this is a Student newspaper run by and
for Students, why not at least try and get some more opinion on
whether or not to make political moves like the one of issue 3-31-75.
If the Student Body doesn't mind, then by all means do it. But
let the voice of those who have to read the stuff have some say in
the matter. (With apologies to King Richard.)
Which brings us to the controversial issue of the SMUT. I
first read SMUT while seated in the living room of my Fraternity
House trying to head off a terrible hangover. I found it original.
Some of it was really funny - some of it was a little grossed out.
On the whole, I felt that it was a fine piece of work. To those
of us who continually wish to cut up the publication, let me say
one thing. I took talent to put together SMUT and it also took
work. SMUT represents the best talent that was available to work
on it and put it out. Those of us who don't like what they see in
it, should utilize their own talents and contribute something
themselves to the publication. Recall if you will, "Let he
who is without sin throw the first stone." I'm referring to
that letter written in the 5-9-75 issue entitled "SMUT leans toward
disgusting." I see a very long and impressive list of prominent
"names." Well then, why don't any of these "names" get
off their padded behinds and contribute something that they'd
like to see in the publication, (or is it that they're afraid that
SMUT might offer serious competition to TEMPER, which seems to be
just as mundane and as boring as SMUT can be crude; Remember the
Briefly, I think that Triskelion' was one of your best
achievements. I'm glad that it is there. It provides some
really interesting information. And I also applaud your
impressive letter of petition for the JFK Library, which was
a wise and very timely move.
I also wish to thank the TORCH for their impressive coverage
of the St. Jude Benefit Basketball Games - all one article and
one picture when we requested two articles and some space for
ads; and who says that some student organizations are prejudiced
against the Fraternities and Sororities of SMU? Just a small
^reminder to those who might be: SMU's Greeks were here and
flourishing years before there was any TORCH, Student Senate,
Board of Governors, BSU, Soncert Series, Radio Station,
RATHSKELLAR, Game Rooms, Student Trustee, Women's Center or any
other of the"Big" Student organizations existing now. Just
keep that in mind as food for thought!
And I can't let that beautiful display of lecturing by Mr.
Wayne Borge on the'Toor judgement of the US in Bombing" go
unnoticed. True, I'm sure his strong feeling on the subject
prompted the commentary, but my feeling is just as strong. ..I'm
damned sick and tired of seeing half-assed backwards little
countries out in some corner of the world poke their noses
at us, and fire their guns at our ships and kill our Ambassadors
and hurt our people, innocent people, all because they're citizens
of the United States of America. The President of the United
States acted wisely, I think. After all, he could have just as
easily vaporized all of Cambodia by pressing a few buttons... I
think Mr. Borge's commentary might have been different had he
been on the "Mayaguez." And to those who advocate such "Stop
Look and Listen" policy. (With apologies to Wayne, who is a
good friend of mine; none-the-less, I feel he should re-examine
Looking back on the year of the TORCH, I find it to be a
variety of things. Good articles, bad articles, mistakes with
ads and plain disregard for certain organizations, excellent
feature stories, poor movie reviews (I think you should replace
your movie critic, he doesn't ever seem to have a good thing
to say about any movie-period). Openess in publishing student
opinion, closedness in making Political moves.
The TORCH after all is a student experiment. An experiment
that I would like to see continued. It has many improvements
to make, but many achievements are behind it. And with the
continued dedication of the TORCH staff, including King Richard
when he's not sloshed in the Rat, it will continue to get
better and better. So my concluding comment to you is "Keep
on Truckin', Keep Writing, Keep Trying, Keep Building and God
Stephen M. Nichols
Delta Kappa Phi Fraternity.
(Mr. Dagwan replies: Comments from students are always
encouraged and are always printed - even letters like Mr.
Nichols' who subtely uses character assasination and misconceptions
hidden behind "sincere" criticism to attack unfairly. To
respond briefly, the TORCH serves the student body and the academic
community; we do not serve our own interests as Mr. Nichols suggests.
This newspaper, and proudly, because it is a non-censored
student newspaper, certainly has the right and the obligation
to support a Student Trustee candidate. Of course we try to
sway opinion. That is why we have an "open" editorial page.
I use the work "open" because our commentary pages are open
to every student on campus for the free expression of their
Mr. Nichols is again mistaken. When our Managing Editor
filled an empty space with a picture of me getting hit in the face
with a cake by our then Student Trustee, Mr. Paul Chevrier, we
did not cut out any classifieds; that week we hadn't enough ads
to fill the page. Therefore, since we have been spotlighting
"personalities" on campus all semester, it was her judgment to
print the photo. I certainly agree with her judgment.
Yes, I agree, Mr. Nichols, we did give your fraternity much
publicity for the St. Jude's game. Fiscally, we cannot hand
out free ads to everyone who asks, but we thought your endeavor
an admirable one and felt the student body would agree. Your
selfishness and ingratitued frankly surprises and angers me.
I agree that the TORCH has improved a great deal. We shall
continue to improve in quality and in news coverage. We
encourage the help and advice of any student and always have.
We are one of the most open orgainzations on campus and that is
reflected in black and white in all the pages of the TORCH. I
suggest you read the paper more carefully.
Frankly, it is people like yourself who wait until our last
issue to voice disapproval instead of coming in and helping out
at the beginning of the semester or even three weeks ago, which
is damn upsetting. I ask, "Where were you?"
I refuse to discuss your derogatory statements about me
personally. My private life is none of your business. But,
I am extremely bothered by people who take unfair and uncalled
for pot-shots at my staff who put out a rather fine university
paper each week - and with dedication and hard work. I applaud
them and thank them on behalf of the student body.)
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a neon pink tube
against the pane
of a dark window <
blinking off and on I
an intestinal script
that read: open,
three steps down
in a bar
men on stools
in paisleys, cheques and solids
easter egg hunts
the simple content
in gaudy shells
and these men lopsided too
watching a sparkling maid
on an empty glass
in a crowded space
out of key
for some reason
the place had
on a corner ledge
a glowing staff and tiers
of ancient opaque wax
hardened on a glass chamber
'slender martyr for medieval light'
and about the energy
that made the neon eel blink
like a serial execution
all night long
a band played
for dancers freeform
on geometric linoleum
each simple interior
to absorb a simple vibration
passing through this neon life
another sacred body
wrapped in the gauze
of a smoky room
till the night has pulled away
an empty caravan
and I come home
with smoky hair
to wonder what stranger blew it my way
Their decision about growth:
of earth and air,
two elements in Stardust.
Beyond a comic objection,
an equilibrium smile
is for silent ascension.
Two are as one,
a single thought
In another conclusion:
a single thought,
injections unkindly plunged
a serum flowing.
In this river
I lay down
a loser of sorts.
I am coming
toward the world
crass or resplendent?
I cannot make up my mind
so I'll take a bath instead
and bathe away fears
so in the end
all will be resolved
belching down the drain
The Reverend Henry Moule's hellf ire and brimestone sermons
failed to make much of a mark on history, but his tinkering .
will never be forgotten in the annals of human sanitiation. His
most successful invention was the earth closet. Constructed by
him in 1860, it consisted of nothing more than a wooden seat over
a bucket and a hopper filled with dry earth, charcoal or ashes.
The user simply pulled a handle to release a layer of earth from
the hopper into the bucket. The container could be emptied at
Mr. Moule's original earth closet is a rather austere piece
of household furniture, but later innovators loaded it with
acessories For example, a device could be added that released
the earth each time a user rose from the seat. But the automatic
earth release met with some opposition: "In sick rooms," accord-
ing to one account, "this method of distribution of earth may be
found objectionable, as more or less vibration follows the rising
and this is apt to disturb the nerves of a patient."
While sanitary history may recognize Henry Moule's contribu-
tion, he is no longer a household word. Certainly he is not as
well known as Thomas Crapper, father of the flush toilet. In fact,
while folk history is good to him, I am convinced he is a myth
created by British author Wallace Reyburn, who wrote an amusing
biography of him in 1969 entitled "FLUSHED WITH PRIDE." Although
the book and the history seem to be a complete figment of the
author's imagination, many libraries, including the Library of
Congress, file their bibliographical cards for the book as if it
were a serious historical treatise on the origin of the water
Who actually invented the water closet is a mystery; its
origins go far back in history. One of the earliest indoor bath-
rooms has been found by archaeologists on Crete. According to the
bathroom history "CLEAN AND DECENT"by Lawrence Wright, the great
palace of King Minos at Knossos included a water-supply system of
terra-cotta pipes that some have judged superior to modern parallel
pipes. One of the Knossos latrines appears to have sported a
wooden seat and may have worked much like a modern flush toilet.
Cities in the Indus Valley between 2500 and 1500 B.C. also had
indoor bathrooms flushed with water. The waste was carried to
street drains via brick-lined pits similar to modern septic tanks.
Except for the briefly used water closet of Elizabethan times, such
engineering did not appear until the middle of the 18th century.
Generally, the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe were domin-
ated by the pan closet or the jerry pot. By 1800 many were elab-
orate, even to the exent of placing portraits of archenemies
(Napolean was a big hit in England) in the target area. After use,
the pots were either emptied or concealed in commodes.
At first the contents of the urban jerry pots were collected
by nearby farmers who were delighted to get nitrogen-rich organic
fertilelizer . But as London and other cities grew, the journey
becameuneconomical and thw waste was generally dumped in larger
communal cesspits or in the nearest river. Today's modern san-
itary system, with its maze of underground pipes, pumps and treat-
ment techniques, is a direct decendant of the communal cesspits
and open sewers which emptied into rivers. For centuries, water
as a waste-removal vehiclOf^nctioned adequately from the urban
resident's standpoint. Ecologically the price may have been high,
but urban users found it convenient because it allowed them to
simply flush wastes and forget them. Only those people living
downstream might be forced to question the wisdom of such a system.
Now, though, as cities grow larger and rivers became more
saturated, increasing numbers of people are finding themselves
living downstream. In area after area, urban growth is creating
major water problems which are becoming front-page news stories.
For example, Virginia's Fairfax County, a suburb of Washington,
has been forced to declare a moratorium throughout most of the
county on residential and commercial sewer applications.
A major villian in each case is the flush toilet. Of all
home water users, the flush toilet is the biggest single con-
sumer: The average North American family annually uses 35,200 gal-
lons for toilet flushing.
In addition to water costs, the economic costs of the flush
toilet and centralized waste treatment are rising. Currently, the
7/u F/uth Kilt*- rta*i»ki« 3
All photographs from the porfolio of Steven Remo Campopiano
investment in the utilities infrastructure in Western countries
is around $500-5600 per person. This contrasts sharply with a
country such as Tanzania, which in 1969 could spend only $8 per
urban inhabitant. Thus, because of costs, the "modern" sanitary
system, which Westerners now take for granted, is out of reach to
most of the world's population. Reportedly, 70 percent of the
human race does not even have piped water. The World Health
Organization estimated in 1972 that only 8 percent of urban fam-
ilies in developing countries of Asia and Africa had access to a
sanitary sewage system.
Moreover, energy costs of large centralized sewage treatment
systems are staggering. While the professional literature is slim
in this area, one estimate is that, at full capacity, a 309
million-gallons-a-day waste-treatment system, such as that being
built now for the Washington, D.C., area, will consume as much as
900,000 kilwatt hours of electricity, 500 tons of chemicals and
45,000 gallons of fuel oil daily. Some environmental groups, ho
ever, consider this estimate to be a low one and point out that,
in any case, burning the sewage to produce 400 dry tons of sludge
each day will create a major air pollution problem. Thus, even if
the water required for the flush-toilet system were available in
abundance, the growing scarcity of the other resources that support
such a system is biginning to impose limits.
Already the flush-toilet, central waste-treatment system is in
trouble. One response from toilet manufacturers was to begin
marketing a "water-saver closet", which uses one- third less
water than many older models now in use. Although major manufactur-
ers have had water savers available for several years, an industry
source says thatthesetoilets account for no more than five percent
of those installed today. He attributed the lack of sales to public
apathy concerning water problems and the slightly higher price of the
of the water savers.
Even with water savers, however, many of the flush toilet's
basic problems still exist, so many people in the field are active-
ly pushing alternative methods of human waste disposal both on a
public and a private level. Dr. John R. Sheaffer, a resource
manager with the Chicago firm of Bauer, Sheaffer and Lear, contends
that one possibility is simply to use the nutient-rich sewage,
after deodorizing and disinfecting it, to irrigate agricultural
lands and let the water filter through the soil and into an
"under drainage" system where purity can be monitored. The soil
naturally cleanses the liquid wastes, except during freezing
winter months, when the sewage can be stored for spraying on
Dr. Sheaffer's system has been tried in communities and
found to work successfully. Bakersfield, California, and
Abilene, Texas, are among larger cities that rely on land treat-
ment of sewage. These systems use far less energy and chemicals
than the advanced waste-treatment system, which tries to restore
the waste water to its original quality. Michigan's Muskegon
County recently put into operation a large (28-million-gallon-a-
day) system using Dr. Sheaffer's "living filter" principle.
Among its advantages is the fact that the land treatment
system lets man work with nature, not against it. But its
critics are qiuck to point out that land treatment requires large
areas of land, a commodity that is also in short supply around
large metropolitan areas. There is also concern among health of-
ficials that such systems might not screen out potentially harmful
viruses, bacteria and industrial chemicals. Dr. Sheaffer's an-
swer is that the water projects he has worked with have always met
pure-water specifications. In addition, the drainage system pre-
vents salt-buildup and waterlogging of soil.
For all it's promise in cities that already have the plumbing,
access to agricultural land and abundant water, land-treatment
schemes fall short of meeting criticism that challenges the cen-
tralized waste-treatment approach with all its piping, rights-of-
way, energy use, water waste and control regulations.
One critic of the centralized flush-it-and-and-pass-it-on
system, Berkeley architect Sim Van der Ryn, has imagined how
future archeaologists, sifting through the material remains of our
present culture hundreds of years from now will interpret the cur-
iously shaped ceramic bowl in each house, hooked up through miles
of pipe to a central factory of tanks, stirrers, cookers, and ponds,
emptying into a river, lake or ocean. According to Van der Ryn
their report might read:
By early in the twentieth century, urban earthlings had devised
a highly ingenious food production system whereby algae were
cultivated in large centralized farms and piped directly into
a ceramic food receptacle in each home.
The difficult challenge istofind a workable alternative. In a
publication entitled "STOP the FIVE GALLON FLUSH!" the Minimum
Cost Housing Group at McGill University's School of Architecture
in Montreal examined systems from around the world that are design-
ed for home use, and catalogued 52 of them from 1 1 countries. In
their evaluation, the group steered clear of thinking of the mod-
ern flush toilet as "advanced," compared to a technology such as
the pit latrine. As the researches point out, "under certain con-
ditions the latter is ecologically sound, cheap and quite safe."
What they found is a tribute to human ingenuity. For example,
you can purchase a toilet from a Norwegian company for about $400
which uses an attached freezer to solidify the wastes so that there
is no smell and no bacterial action. The toilet does require el-
ectricity, but no water or chemicals. The wastes are stored in a
biodegradable plastic bag which can later be composted. At first
the toilet suffered from a slight technological problem: The re-
frigerated air not only froze the waste, but it also chilled the
seat, in turn chilling consumer interest. Now, however, freeze
toilets stream warm air from the refigeration unit's compressor
over the seat to keep it warm.
If the freeze toilet doesn't light consumer fires, there are
a variety of toilets that go to the other extreme; they incinerate
the wastes with natural gas and/or electric heat. A Swedish design,
the Pactor 101, utilizes the versitility of plastic to collect
waste in a tube which sealed by heat after each use to form a link
in a large plastic "sausage." The chain is then stored in a re-
movable plastic bag until it is discarded, along with other non-
biodegradable industrial age byproducts, somewhere in the great
The World Health Organization, with headquarters in Geneva,
has another, more ecological, approach: It offers plans for con-
structing a small-scale plant that can recover methane gas from
human and animal wastes. The gas can be used for cooking, heat-
ing of for power. Critical to the operation of such a unit is an
abundance of manure so that animals, which produce larger quantities
of manure than people, are essential to this approach. Horses and
cows produce about 10 to 16 tons of waste per year whereas humans
add only 30 to 60 pounds per capita in the same time period. What
humans lack in quantity, they make up for in quality; our waste
is rich in nitrgen and phosphorous, needed for biological digestion
and methane production from materials such as cellulose, which
have a high carbon content. The World Health Organization points
out that a ton of manure can yield 65 to 90 cubic yards of gas per
digestion cycle, depending upon the temperature. A cycle can be
from 1 to 12 months. The initial costs of such systems are com-
paratively high, but operation and maintenance are insignificant.
For those without the necessary animals to support a methane
toilet, the Swedes, who are undoubtedly emerging as the leaders in
the world's alternative-toilet development race, have come up with
another design which uses virtually nothing as a transport medium,
thus eliminating the problems created by moving wastes with large
volumes of water. This toilet, manufactored by Sweden's Electrolux
Company, utilizes a vacuum pipe to move wastes. Invented in the
1950s, it has been applied successfully in a number of different
scales of operation, including railroad cars, a camp site with 83
toilets and a small community of 273 homes. The advantages of the
system are that it requires only a small amount of water, less
waste is created which has to be stored and removed, and smaller
pipes can be used. Although cheaper to operate than a conventional
system, its initial costs are high: A one-toilet installation
costs about $1,200.
Other countries have also developed interesting designs which
rely upon water, utilizing it much more efficiently. A Japanese
model, made by Toto Ltd., takes the bold step of mating the stan-
dard washbin with the standard toilet. The result is a freestand-
ing unit which uses water from the sink, mounted on the top of the
toilet tank, for flushing. The saving on water from the integra-
tion is around 25 percent. In addition, there are also savings in
cost ana space, since the two bathroom fixtures occupy the space
normally required by one. The Minimum Cost Housing Group at McGill
University has modified this design and cast it in sulfer concrete,
an extremely cheap material, so that these toilets can be made for
about $50. An English modification, marketed by Ideal-Standard
Ltd. for less than $20 each, allows a person to selectively flush
the toilet. The tank releases either one or two gallons depending
upon the requirements. Uruguay has produced a flexible toilet tank
which functions on the principle of the punching bag. It has vir-
tually no moving parts and is activated when the user depresses a
plastic cistern by hand so that water can flow into the downpipe.
This gives the user control over the amount of water released.
Even these ingenious approaches to waste removal have their
drawbacks, because they are either too expensive for much of the
world's population, or use too much energy or water. But after a
careful search for toilet alternatives, another approach to the
waste problem is beginning to interest increasing numbers of
The principle of using human waste or night soil as fertilizer
has been known and utilized in some cultures for centuries, although
it has been little used in the West. In the late 1930s Rikard
Lindstrom, a Swedish art teacher, began experimenting with a toilet
that would compost human waste for use on his garden. He was also
motivated to work on the system out of concern for the sewage con-
tamination of the Baltic bay near his home. The product of his
work is the Clivus Multrum, a toilet which successfully composts
wastes without water, electricity or chemicals. The name comes
from "clivus," which is Latin for "inclining," and "multrum,"
which is Swedish for "composting room."
The device itself is a fiber glass container about nine feet long,
three feet wide and five feet high. It contains three compartments,
a top for human waste, a middle one for vegetable scraps and other
organic refuse, and a lower one which holds the finished compost.
A vent pipe at the top of the composting chamber allows odors and
gas to exhaust out the top of the house. The early Clivuses had to
be installed in basements directly underneath the bathroom and gar-
bage chutes, but a later model utilizes a screw transport to move
wastes so that the toilets and composting chamber can be mounted
at the same level. It also allows multiple toilets to be connected
to the same Clivus. The Clivus is odorless, thanks to a unique
design which utilizes the heat created by composting organic
matter. The heated air in the chamber rises through the vent pipe
thereby creating a downdraft at the toilet stool and garbage chute.
It is strong enough to pull the flame of a match downward when held
over the toilet.
To get the composting process started, the bottom of the con-
tainer must be lined with organic material such as peat, garden
soil and grass clippings. After the initial loading the process
continues indefinitely, producing several buckets of humus per
year per person. The newly formed rich soil in the bottom chamber
can be removed about once a year, after a startup period of about
In Sweden and Norway more than a thousand Clivuses are in op-
eration, and it has been given the blessings of the Swedish Ministry
of Health. Some communities in Sweden even give Clivus owners a
tax rebate because they reduce the cost of municipal services such
as sewage and garbage collection. Extensive tests by Swedish
health authorities have found that no harmful bacteria, viruses
or parasites can withstand the year or so of heat and bacterial
action produced by the composting process. Although tests indicate
that the end product of the Clivus process is perfectly safe for
garden use,"ORGANIC GARDENING AND FARMING" magazine
recommends as an extra safety precaution, that it not be used on
edible root crops. It can be used on other plants.
The composting toilet is getting widespread use in Scandinavia,
but only a few have been sold in the United States. A firm in
Cambridge, Massachusetts, Clivus Multrum USA, Inc., has acquired a
franchise for the system and is now producing them in a plant in
Maine. Although costs are still high at about $1,500 per instal-
lation, this is expected to come down with mass production. Ex-
periments are also under way to fabricate the toilet out of cheap-
The state of Maine has recently rewritten its plumbing code
to permit the installation of composting toilets. Some health
authorities in other states are also allowing them to be instal-
Established and backed by Abby Rockefeller, the company she
has created is staffed by people who promote the toilet with all
the fervor that her ancestors used to sell Americans on Standard
Oil. "I look at it this way," says Bob Pacheco, the installa-
tions director who, if possible, personally visits the site of each
installation. "I don't like the idea of turning the oceans and
rivers into open sewers. Every Clivus I install in a family
dwelling could mean 40,000 gallons less sewage for Boston harbor
or another body of water."
The Clivus can handle all human waste, including urine, plus
table scraps and other organic material such as the contents of a
vacuum cleaner bag, but it cannot handle too much water. As a re-
sult the "gray water" produced by washing dishes or hands must
into a conventional system. But Miss Rockefeller thinks she can
solve that problem. Her next project is a greenhouse adjacent to
her conventional frame house in Cambridge that will utilize waste
water to grow plants. She has installed a Clivus in her house and
reports no trouble after more than a year of operation. To get the
composting process going she dumped into her Clivus all the organic
wastes from a neighborhood restaurant. She has also added earth-
worms and other creatures to see if they can tolerate the heat and
speed of the decomposition process.
The initial costs may appear prohibitively expensive, yet it
is already competitive in areas where steep sewer hookup fees are
required for conventional toilets. As mass production and alterna-
tive materials bring the Clivus' price down, it will be even more
attractive. In addition, a group that Sim Van der Ryn works with
in California, the Farallones Institute, is experimenting with
ways people may build their own composting toilet. Their initial
model can be built for less than $100 out of concrete blocks.
Some may view the composting toilet as simply a throwback to
the outhouses of the past and reject it, but that would be short-
sighted. Its time appears near at hand, as "No swimming, fishing
or boating" signs pop up with increasing frequency on the banks
of our rivers. With no connections to external networks, no
moving mechanical parts, and its useful by-product, the composting
toilet is a beautifully simple piece of technology of which a
society could be proud. □
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"How can you say awful things about America when you live
in Italy?" Whenever I go on television, I hear that plangent
cry. From vivacious Barbara Walters of the TODAY show (where I
was granted six minutes to comment on last November's elections)
to all other vivacious interviewers across this great land of ours,
the question of my residency is an urgent matter that must be men-
tioned as soon as possible so that no one will take seriously a
single word that that awful person has to say about what every-
body knows is not onlt the greatest country in the history of the
world but a country where vivacious Barbara Walters et al. can
make a very pretty penny peddling things that people don't need.
"So if you no liva here," as sly fun-loving Earl Butz might say,
"you no maka da wise-cracks."
Usually I ignore the vivacious challenge: the single state-
ment on television simply does not register; only constant re-
petition penetrates... witness the commercials. Yet on occasion,
when tried, I will rise to the bait. Point out that I pay full
American tax — fifty percent of my income contributes to the sup-
port of the Pentagon's General Brown, statesman/soldier and keen
student of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Remind one and
all that I do spend a good part of my time in the land of the
free, ranging up and down the countryside for months at a time
discussing the state of the union with conservative audiences (no
use talking to the converted), and in the process I manage to see
more of the country than your average television vivacity ever
does. In fact, I know more about the relative merits of the far-
flung Holiday Inns than anyone who is not a traveling salesman or
a Presidential canidate.
Last fall I set out across the country, delivering pretty
much the same commentary on the state of the union that I have
been giving for several years, with various topical additions,
subtractions. In one four-week period I gave fifteen lectures,
starting with the Political Union at Yale and then on to various
colleges and town forums in New York, New Jersey, West Virginia,
Nebraska, Missouri, Michigan, Washington, Oregon, California...
October 29. Bronxville, New York. A women's group. Ten-
thirty in the morning in a movie house where Warhol's FRANKENSTEIN
was playing. Suitable, I decide. In the men's room is a life-
size dummy of a corpse that usually decorates the lobby. Creative
Fairly large audience — five, six hundred. Very conservative-
abortion equals euthanasia. Watergate? What about Chappaquiddick??
Our dialectic would not cause Plato to green with Attic envv.
I stack the cards of my text in the lectern. Full light on
me. Audience in darkness. Almost as restful as the creative
stillness of a television studio. I feel an intimacy with the
camera that I don't with live audiences. Had I played it dif-
ferently I might have been the electronic Norman Thomas, or
I warn the audience: "I shall have to refer to notes."
Actually, I read. Could never memorize anything. No matter how
many times I give the same speech, the words seem new to me
like Eisenhower in 1952: "If elected in November," the Great
Golfer read dutifully from the text plainly new to him, "I will
go to ...Korea?" The voice and choler rose on the word "Korea."
No one had told him about the pledge. But go to Korea he did, re-
I reassure the audience that from time to time I will look up
from my notes, "in order to give an air of spontaneity." Get
them laughing early. And often. Later the mood will be quite
grim out there as I say thing s that often said in this great land
of ours where the price of freedom is eternal discretion.
For some minutes, I improvise. Throw out lines. Make them
laugh. I've discovered that getting a laugh is more a trick of
timing than of true wit (true wit seldom provokes laughter; rather
the reverse). I tell them that although I mean to solve most of
the problems facing the United States in twenty-seven minutes—
the time it takes to read my prepared text (question time then
lasts half an hour, longer if one is at a college speaking in the
evening), I will not touch on the number one problem facing the
country— the economy (this is didingenuous: politics is the art of
collecting and spending money and everything I say is political).
"I leave to my firend Ken Galbraith the solving of the depression."
If they appear to know who Galbraith is, I remark how curious it
is that his fame is based on two books,"THE LIBERAL HOUR," pub-
lished just as the right-wing Nixon criminals hijacked the Pres-
idecy, and "THE AFFLUENT SOCIETY," published shortly before we
went broke. Rueful laughter.
I begin the text. Generally the light is full in one's eyes
while the lectern is so low that the faraway words blur on my cards.
I crouch; squint. My heart sinks as flashbulbs go off and cameras
click: my second chin is not particularly noticeable when viewed
straight on but from below it has recently come to resemble
Hubert Humphrey's bullfrog swag. Do you dare to wear a scarf? Or
use metal clamps to tuck the loose skin up behind the ears like a certain
actress who appeared in a television play of mine years ago? No. Let the
1U SMJi e$£A< Untex*
flesh fall to the earth in full public view. Soldier on. Start to read.
"According to the polls, our second principal concern today
is the breakdown of law and order. Now, to the right wing, law
and order is often just a code phrase meaning "get the niggers."
To the left wing it often means political oppression. When we have
one of our ridiculous elections— ridiculous because they are about
nothing at all except personalities— politicians declare war on
crime which is immediately forgotten after the election."
I have never liked this beginning and so I usually paraphrase.
Shift lines about. Remark that in the recent Presidential election
(November 7,1972) sixty-two percent of the people chose not to
vote. "They aren't apathetic, just disgusted. There is no
Sometimes, if I'm not careful, I drift prematurely into anal-
ysis of the American political systam: there is only one party in
the United States, the Property party (thank you, Dr. Lundberg,
for the phrase) and it has two wings: Republican and Democrat.
Republicans are a bit stupider, more rigid, more doctrinaire in
their laissez-faire capitalism than the Democrats, who are cuter,
prettier, a bit more corrupt— recently (nervous laugh on that) — and
more willing than the Republicans to make small adjustments when
the poor, the black, the anti-imperialists get out of hand. But,
essentially, there isnodifference between the parties. Those
who gave Nixon money in '68 also gave money to Humphrey.
Can one expect any change from either wing of the Property
party? No. Look at McGovern. In the primaries he taiK'ecf about
tax reform and economic equality. ..or something close to it. For
a while it looked as if he was nobly preparing to occupy a long
box at Arlington. But then he was nominated for President and he
stopped talking about anything important. Was he insincere in the
primaries? I have no idea. I suspect he was just plain dumb, not
realizing that if you speak of economic justice or substantial
change you won't get the forty million dollars a Democratic cani-
date for President needs in order to pay for exposure on televi-
sion where nothing of any real importance may be said. Remember
Quemoy? and her lover Matsu?
Once I get into this aria, I throw out of kilter the next
section. Usually I do the Property party later on. Or in the
questions and answers. Or not at all. One forgets. Thinks one
has told Kansas City earlier in the evening what, in fact, one
had said that morning in Omaha.
Back to law and order.
"An example: roughly eighty percent of police work in the
United States has to do with the regulation of our private morals.
By that I mean, controlling what we drink, eat, smoke, put into
our veins— not to mention trying to regulate with whom and how we
have sex, with whom and how we gamble. As a result, our police
are among the most corrupt in the Western world."
Nervous intake of breath on this among women's groups. Some
laughter at the colleges. Glacial silence at Atlantic City. Later
I was told, "We've got a lot of a very funny sort of element around
here. ..you know, from Philadelphia, originally. Uh...Like Italian."
I still don't know quite what was meant.
"Not only are police on the take from gamblers, drug pushers
pimps, but they find pretty thrilling their mandate to arrest pros-
titutes or anyone whose sexual activties have been proscribed by
a series of state legal codes that are the scandal of what we like
to call a free society. These codes are very old of course. The
law against sodomy goes back fourteen hundred years to the Emperor
Justinian, who felt that there should be such a law because, as
everyone knew, sodomy was a principle cause of earthquake."
"Sodomy" gets them. For elderly, good-hearted audiences I
papaphrase; the word is not used. College groups get fuller dis-
cussion of Justinian and his perculiar law, complete with quotations
from Procopius. California audiences living on or near the San
Andreas fault laugh the loudest— and the most nervously. No won-
"Cynically one might allow the police their kinky pleasures
in busting boys and girls that attract them, not to mention their
large incomes from the Mafia and other criminal types, if the pol-
ice showed the slightest interest in the protection of persons and
property, which is why we have hired them. Unhappily for us, the
American police have little interest in crime. If anything, they
respect the criminal rather more than they do the hapless citizen
who has just been mugged or ripped off.
"Therefore, let us remove from the statute books all laws
that have to do with private morals— what are called victimless
crimes. If a man or woman wants to be a prostitute that is his or
her affair. It is no business of the state what we do with our
bodies sexually. Obviously laws will remain on the books for the
prevention of rape and the abuse of children, while the virtue of
our animal friends will continue to be protected by the S.P.C.A."
Relieved laughter at this point. He can't be serious... or
"Let us end the vice squad. What a phrase! It is vice to
go to bed with someone you are not married to or someone of your
own sex or to get money for having sex with someone who does not
appeal 10 you— incidentally, the basis of half the marrages of my
Astonished laughter at this point from middle-aged women...
and by no means women liberationists. I speak only to, as far as
I am able, conservative middle class audiences off the beaten track-
Parkersb'irg, West Virginia; Medford, Oregon; Longview, Washington.
If the women respond well, I improvise; make a small pl'av: "Mar-
vin may not be handsome but he'll be a good provider. ..and so Mar-
ion walks down the aisle a martyr to money." Encouraging that
"nice" women are able to acknowledge their predicament openly.
I got no response five years ago.
"Let us make gambling legal. Those who want to lose their
money gambling should have every right to do so. The principal
objectors to legalized gambling are the Mafia and the police.
They will lose money. Admittedly a few fundamentalist Christians
will be distressed by their neighbors' gambling, but that is a
small price to pay for the increased revenue to the cities, states,
and Federal Government, not to mention a police force which would
no longer be corrupted by organized crime.
"All drugs should be legalized and sold at cost to anyone
with a doctor's prescription."
Intake of breath at this point. Is he a drug addict? Prob-
ably. Also, varying degrees of interest in the subject, depending
on what part of the country you are in. Not much interest in Long-
view because there is no visible problem. But the college towns
are alert to the matter as are those beleaguered subs close to the
"For a quarter of a century we have been brainwashed by the
Bureau of Narcotics, a cancer in the body politic that employs
many thousands of agents and receives vast appropriations each year
in order to play cops and robbers. And sometimes the cops we pay
for turn out to be the robbers or worse. Yet for all the legal
and illegal activities of the Bureau the use of drugs is still
widespread. But then if drugs were entirely abolished thousands
of agents would lose their jobs, and that would be unthinkable.
Around in here I take to discussing the findings of one doc-
tor who had recently been on television warning of the perils of
pot. Apparently too much pot smoking will enlarge the breasts of
young males (Myra Breckinridge would have a lot to say on this sub-
ject but I may not) while reducing their fertility. I say, "Isn't
this wonderful?" using aNixon intonation; and recommend that we
get all themalesin the country immediately on pot. The women
laugh happily; a sort of pill for the male has always been their
dream. Equality at last.
I play around with the idea of Southern Senators doing tele-
vision commercials, pushing the local product: "Get your high
with Carolina Gold." I imitate Strom Thurmond, puffing happily.
"How would legalization work? Well, if heroin was sold at
cost in a drugstore it would come to about fifty cents a fix— to
anyone with a doctor's prescription. Is this a good thinq? I
hear the immediate response: Oh, God, every child in America will
be hooked. But will they? Why do the ones who get hooked get
hooked? They are encouraged to take drugs by the pushers who
haunt the playgrounds of the cities. But if the drugs they now
push can be bought openly for very little money then the pushers
will cease to push.
"Legalization will also remove the Mafia and other big-time
drug dispensers from the scene, just as the repeal of Prohibition
eliminated the bootleggers of whiskey forty years ago."
I feel I'm going on too long. My personal interest in drugs
is slight. I've tried opium, hashish, cocaine, LSD, and pot, and
liked none of them except cocaine, which leaves you (or at least
me) with no craving for more. Like oysters. If in season, fine.
Otherwise, forget them. Pot and opium were more difficult for me
because I've never smoked cigarettes and so had to learn to inhale.
Opium made me ill; pot made me drowsy.
"The period of Prohibition called the noble experiment-
brought on the greatest breakdown of law and order the United States
has known until today. I think there is a lesson here. Do not
regulate the private morals of people. Do not tell them what they
can take and not take. Because if you do, they will become angry
and antisocial and they will get what they want from criminals who
are able to work in perfect freedom because they have paid off the
"Obviously drug addiction is a bad thing. But in the inter-
est of good law and order, the police must be removed from the
temptation that the current system offers them and the Bureau of
Narcotics should be abolished,.
"What to do about drug addicts? I give you two statistics.
England with a population of over fifty-five million has eighteen
hundred heroin addicts. The United States with over two hundred
million has nearly five hundred thousand addicts. What are the
English doing right that we are doing wrong? They have turned the
problem over to the doctors. An addict is required to register
with a physician who gives him at controlled intervals a pre-
scription so that he can buy his drug. The addict is content.
Best of all, the society is safe. The Mafia is out of the game.
The police are unbribed, and the addict will not mug an old lady
in order to get money for his next fix."
Eleanor" Roosevelt maintained that you should never introduce
more than one "new" thought per speech. I'm obviously not fol-
lowing her excellent advice. She also said that if you explain
things simply and in proper sequence people will not only under-
stand what you are talking about but, very often, they will begin
to realize the irrationality of some of their most cherished pre-
One of the reasons I took the trouble to spell out at such
lenght the necessity of legalizing drugs was to appeal not to the
passions of my audience, to that deeply American delight in the
punishing of others so perfectly exploited by Nixon-Agnew-Reagan,
but to appeal to their common sense and self-interest. If you
give an addict his drugs, he won't rob you. The police won't be
bribe. Children won't be hooked by pushers. Big crime will wi-
ther away. Some, I like to think, grasp the logic of all this.
"I worry a good deal about the police because traditionally
they are the supporters of fascist movements and America is as
prone to fascism as any other country. Individually, no one can
blame the policeman. He is the way he is because Americans have
never understood the Bill of Rights. Since sex, drugs, alcohol,
gambling are all proscribed by various religions, the states have
made laws against them. Yet, believe it or not, the United States
was created entirely seperate from any religion. The right to
pursue happiness— as long as it does not impinge on others— is the
foundation of our state. As a modest proposal, this solution to
law and order is unique: it won't cost a penny. Just cancel those
barbarous statutes from our Putitan past and the police will be
obliged to protect us— the job they no longer do.
"Meanwhile, we are afflicted with secret police of a sort
which I do not think a democratic republic ought to support. In
theory, the F.B.I, is necessary. For the investigation of crime.
But in all the years that the F.B.I, has been in existance the ma-
jor criminals— the Mafia, Cosa Nostra— have operated freely and hap-
pily. Except for the busting of an occasional bank robber or car
thief, the F.B.I, has not shown much interest in big crime. Its
time has been devoted to spying on Americans whose political be-
liefs did not please the late J. Edgar Hoover, a man who hated
Commies, blacks and women in more or less that order."
This generally shocked and never got a laugh. Needless to say,
my last lecture was given before the F.B.I.'s scrutiny of "dissi-
dence" became public; not to mention the C.I.A.'s subsequent ad-
mission that at least ten thousand Americans are regularly spied
upon by that mysterious agency whose character is to subvert wicked
foreigners not lively homebodies.
"The F.B.I, has always been collaborating tool of reaction-
ary politicians. The Bureau has also had a nasty talent for amus-
ing Presidents with lurid dossiers on the sex lives of their enem-
"I propose that the F.B.I, confine its activities to organized
crime and stop pretending that those who are against undeclared
wars like Vietnam or General Motors or pollution want to overthrow
the government and its Constitution with foreign aid. Actually,
in my lifetime, the only group of any importance that has come near
to overthrowing the Constitution was the Nixon Administration."
A number of cheers on this. When I am really wound up I do
a number of Nixon turns. I have the First Criminal's voice down...
well, pat. I do a fair Eisenhower, and an excellent F. D. R. Am
working on Nelson Rockefeller right now. No point in learning Ford.
"So much, as General Eisenhower used to say, for the domestic
front. Now some modest proposals for the future of the American
empire. At the moment things are not going very well militarily.
Or economically. Or politically.
"At the turn of the century we made our bid for a world em-
pire. We provoked a war with Spain. We won it and ended up owning
the Spanish territories of Cuba and the Philippines. The people
of the Philippines did not want us to govern them. So we killed
three million Filipinos, the largest single act of genocide until
Much interest in this statistic. Taken from Galloway and
and Johnson's book, "WEST POINT: AMERICA'S POWER FRATERNITY
Recently I got a letter from a Filipino scholar who has been work-
ing on the subject. She says that no one will ever know the exact
number killed because no records were kept. But whole towns were
wiped out, every man, woman, and child slaughtered. The American
Army does admit that perhaps a quarter million were killed during
the "mopping up." The spirit of My Lai is old with us.
"The first and second world wars destroyed the old European
empires, and created ours. In 1945 we were the world's greatest
power, not only economically but militarily— we alone had the atom
bomb. For five years we were at peace. Unfortunately those in-
dustries' that had become rich during the war combined with the
military-which had become powerful-and together they concluded that
it was the best interest of the United States to maintain a vast
"Officially this was to protect us from the evil Commies.
Actually it was to continue pumping federal money into companies
like Boeing and Lockheed and keep the Pentagon full of generals and
admirals while filling the pork barrels of congressmen who annual-
ly gave the Pentagon whatever it asked for, with the proviso that
key military installations and contracts be allocated to the home
districts of senior congressmen." Tough sentence to say. Never
did get it right.
"Nobody in particular was to blame. It just happened. To
justify our having become a garrison state, gallant Harry Truman
set about deliberately alarming the American people. The Soviet
was dangerous. We must have new expensive weapon systems. To de-
fend the free world. The cold war began. The irony is that the
Soviet was not dangerous to us at this time. Millions of their
people had been killed in the war. Their industries had been shat-
tered. Most important, they did not have atomic weapons and we did.
"So at the peak of our greatness, we began our decline."
Absolute silence at this point.
"Instead of using the wealth of the nation to improve the lot
of our citizens, we have been wasting over a third of the federal
budget on armaments and on thepersecutionof secret and/or unde-
clared wars. We have drafted men into the Army in peacetime,
something the founders of this country would have been appalled at.
We have been, in effect, for thirty-three years a garrison state
whose main purpose has been the making of armaments and the pros-
ecution of illegal wars— openly as in Vietnam and Cambodia, secret-
ly as in Greece and Chile. Wherever there is a choice between a
military dictatorship— like Pakistan— and a free government— like
India— we support the dictator. And then wonder why we are every-
where denounced as hypocrites.
"This is not good for character. This is not good for bus-
iness. We are running out of raw materials. Our currency is worth
less and less. Our cities fall apart. Our armed forces have been
literally, demoralized by what we have done to them in using them
for unjust ends.
"In a third of a century the only people who have benefited
from the constant raid on our treasury and the sacrifice of our
young men have been the companies that are engaged in making in-
struments of war— with the connivance of those congressmen who award
the contracts and those generals who, upon early retirement, go to
work for those same companies.
"What to do? A modest and obvious proposal: cut the defense
budget. It is currently about a quarter of the national budget—
eighty-five billion eight hundred million dollars. Unhappily both
Ford and Rockefeller are loyal servants of the Pentagon. They
will never cut back. They will only increase a military budget
that is now projected for the end of the decade to cost us one
hundred fourteen billion dollars a year. This is thievery. This
"Conservative estimates say that we can cut the budget by
ten percent and still make the world free for I.T.T. to operate in.
I propose we aim to cut it by two thirds in stages over the next
few years. I propose also a reduction of conventional forces.
We need maintain no more than an army, navy, air force of perhaps
two hundred thousand highly trained technicians whose task would
be to see that anyone who tried to attack us would be destroyed.
"A larger army only means that we are bound to use it sooner
or later. To attack others. We have learned that from experience.
Generals like small wars because there is a lot of money being
spent and, of course, they get promoted. I might be more tolerant
of their not unnatural bias if they could actually win a war, but
that seems beyond their capacity. They prefer a lot of activity;
preferably in an underdeveloped country blasting gooks from the
"I would also propose phasing out the service academies.
And I was born in the cadet hospital at West Point where my father
was an instructor."
To relieve the tension that has started to build, I wandered
off the track. Describe how I was delivered by one Major Snyder.
Later Ike's doctor. "It's only gas, Mamie," he is supposed to
have said to Mrs. Eisenhower when the President was having his
first heart attack.
"The academies have created an un-American military elite
that has the greatest contempt for the institutions of this coun-
try, for democratic insttutions anywhere. Over the years West
Point graduates have caused grave concern. On two occasions in the
last century the academy was nearly abolished by Congress. I don't I do
not think, despite the virtues of an Omar Bradley, say, that the
system which has helped lock us into a garrison state ought to
Often, at this point, I recall an evening at my family's
house shortly after the second war began. A group of West Point
generals took some pleasure in denouncing that Jew Franklin D.
Rosenfeld who had got us into the war on the wrong side. We
ought to be fighting the Commies not Hilter. But F.D.R. was not
only a kike, he was sick in the head-and not from polio but from
syphilis. Anyway, everything could be straightened out-with just
one infantry brigade they would surround the White House, the
Capitol, remove the Jew...
Photographs and layout by Jim Collins. Article contributed by Jim Collins
i if 1
■ - —
My lecture tour ended just as General Brown made his memor-
able comments on international Jewry and its fifth column inside
the United States. I've since heard from several people who said
they'd not believed my story until General Brown so exuberantly
confirmed what I'd been saying.
"The motto of the academy is 'Duty, Honor, Country.' Which
is the wrong order of loyalties. Worse, the West Point elite has
created all around the world miniature West Points. Ethiopia,
Thailand, Latin America are studded with academies whose function
is to produce an elite not to fight wars— there are no wars in those
parts of the world— but to limit democracy.
"West Point also trains many of these past and future oli-
garchs—like the present dictator of Nicaragua, Somoza. Retired
West Pointers also do profitable business in those nations that
are dominated by West Point-style elites.
"Finally, the best result of ceasing to be a garrison state
would be economic. Until the energy crisis, the two great success-
es in the world today were Japan and Germany and they have small
military establishments. The lesson is plain: no country needs
more military power than it takes to deter another nation from
"Now none of the proposals is of much use if we do not re-
duce our population. The U.S. is now achieving a replacement rate
of population. This is a startling and encouraging reduction of
population but there are still many of us and we ought to try by
the next century to reduce our numbers by half. The problem is
not lack of room. In area we have a big country, though gradually
we are covering the best farmland with cement and poisoning the
lakes and rivers.
"The problem is our way of living. With six percent of the
This unnatural consumption is now ending. We are faced with short-
ages of every kind and we will have to change the way we live whe-
ther we want to or not.
"Obviously fewer Americans means less consumption and more
for everybody. How do we stop people from breeding? First, by
not constantly brainwashing the average girl into thinking that
motherhood must be her supreme experience. Very few women are
capable of being good mothers; and very few men of being good fa-
thers. Parenthood is a gift, as most parents find out too late
and most children find out right away. So a change in atitude will
help; and that seems to be happening.
"More radically, I would say that no one ought to have a
child without permission from the community. A sort of passport
must be issued to the new citizen. How these passports will be
allotted I leave to the wisdom of the democracy. Perhaps each
girl at birth might be given the right to have one child with the
understanding that if she decided to skip the hard work of mother-
hood she could pass that permission on to a woman who wanted two
or three or four children.
"For those who gasp and say that this is interfering with
man's most sacred right to add as many replicas of himself as he
likes to the world, let me point out that society does not let you
have more than one husband or wife, a restriction which I have
heard no conservative complain of, even though any Moslem would
find it chilling, and Mrs. Richard Burton would find it square."
Mrs. Burton is thrown in, cheaply, to reduce the tension
that is mounting. Most members of the audience believe that the
right to have as many children as they want is absolute; and to
limit population by law seems a terrible imposition. Yet most of
them take for granted that the government has the right to control
most aspects of our private lives (remember the legendary prisoner
of Alcatraz who served time for going down on his wife?).
During the question-and-answer period someone invariably says
that I have contradicted myself. On the one hand, I would allow
free drugs, prostitution, gambling, and all sorts of wickedness
while on the other, I would restrict the right to have children-
well, isn't that interfering with people's private lives?
The answer is obvious: adding a new citizen to a country is
a public not a private act, and affects the whole community in a
way that smoking pot or betting on horses does not. After all,
the new citizen will be around a long time after his parents have
departed. Doesn't it then make sense that if there is insufficient
space, food, energy, the new citizen ought not to be born?
"In an age of chronic and worsening shortages, I would pro-
pose that all natural resources— oil, coal, minerals, water— be turn-
ed over to the people, to the government."
Two years ago when I made this proposal, the response was an-
gry. The dread word "communism" was sounded. Not to mention
"free enterprise," "American way." Now hardly anyone is much
distressed. Even the Die-hard conservatives have fallen out of
love with the oil industry.
"But since none of us trusts our government to do anything
right— much less honest— national resources should be a seperate
branch of the government, coequal with the other three but inter-
connected so that Congress can keep a sharp eye on its funding and
the courts on its fairness. The President, any President, on prin-
ciple, should be kept out of anything that has to do with our economy.
"Much of today's mess is due to Johnson's attempt to conquer
Asia without raising taxes, and Nixon's opportunistic munching
about with the economy at election time. These Presidential nin-
nies should stick to throwing out baseballs, and leave the import-
ant matters to serious people."
The hatred Americans have for their own government is path-
ological, if understandable. At one level it is simply thwarted
greed: since our religion is making a buck, giving part of that
buck to any government is an act against nature.
At this point, without fail, a hot-eyed conservative will get
to his feet and say that it is ridiculous to nationalize anything
since it is not possible for a government agency to operate effi-
ciently or honestly.
I then ask: isn't this a democratic society? and aren't those
who do government's work not an abstract enemy to be referred to
as "them" but simply ourselves? Are you trying to say that we
are, deep down, a nation of crooked fuck-ups? (Naturally I empha-
The point still does not penetrate. So I shift ground. Agree
that the United States was founded by the brightest people in the
country— and we haven't seen them since. Nice laugh. Tension re-
laxes a bit.
I agree that most of the people who go into government are
second-raters. The bright ones go into professions or money-
making. This flatters the audience. I suggest that we ought to
"change our priorities." Businesslike phrase. Perhaps our
schools should train a proper civil service. Train people who
prefer payment in honor rather than in money. England, France,
Scandanavia attract bright people into government despite low sal-
This deeply disturbs the audience. First, you must never say
that another country handles anything better than we do. Second,
although the word "honor" makes no picture at all in the Amer-
ican head, "money" comes on a flashing vivid green for go.
Someone then says that socialist Sweden is a failure because
everybody committs suicide, the logic being that society without
poverty will be so boring that death is the only way out. When I
tell them that fewer Swedes committ suicide than Americans, they
shake their heads. They know.
The next questioner says that England's National Health Ser-
vice is a flop. This is not true but he would have no way of
knowing since the newspapers he reads reflect the A.M.A.'s dark
view of socialized medicine. Incidentally, England is always used
as an example of what awful things will happen to you when you go
I point out that England's troubles are largely due to the
energy crisis and an ancient unsolved class war. I mention Eng-
land's successful nationalization of steel some years ago. I
might as well be speaking Greek. The audience has no way of know-
ing any of these things. Year after year, the same simple false
bits of information are fed them by their rulers and they absorb
them, like television commercials.
I do find curious and disturbing the constant hatred of gov-
ernment which is of course a hatred of themselves. Do these 'av-
erage" Americans know something that I don't? Is the world really
Manichaean? Perhaps deep down inside they really believe that we
are all crooked fuck-ups, and murderous ones, too (thank you, Lieu-
tenant Calley, President Johnson). After all, the current national
sport is shoplifting. For once, I am probably too optimistic
about mv country.
" - - 1
"Now those who object to nationalizing our resources in the
name of free enterprise must be reminded that the free enterprise
system ended in the United States a good many years ago. Big oil,
big steel, big agriculture avoid the open marketplace. Big cor-
porations fix prices among themselves and thus drive out of bus-
iness the small entrepreneur. Also, in their conglomerate form,
the huge corporations have begun to challenge the very legitimacy
of the state.
"For those of you who are in love with Standard Oil and
General Motors and think that these companies are really serving
you, my sympathy. I would propose, however, that the basic raw
resources, the true wealth of the country, be in our hands, not in
theirs. We would certainly not manage our affairs any worse than
"As for the quality of our life, well, it isn't much good
for most people because most people haven't got much money.
Four point four percent own most of the United States. To be part
of the four point four you have to have a net worth of at least
sixty thousand dollars."
This projected figure is from the I.R.S., and I find it hard
to believe. Surely individual net worth is higher. In any case,
recent figures show that most of the country's ownership is actu-
ally in the hands of one percent with, presumably, a much higher
"This gilded class owns twenty-seven percent of the country's
real estate. Sixty percent of all corporate stock, and so on.
They keep the ninety-five point six percent from rebelling by the
American brand of bread an circuses: whose principle weapon is the
television commercial. From babyhood to grave the tube tells you
of all the fine thingsyou ought to own because other people (who
are nicer looking and have better credit ratings than you) own
"The genius ; of our ruling class is that it has kept a ma-
jority of the people from ever questioning the inequity of a system
where most people drudge along, paying heavy taxes for which they
get nothing in return while I.T.T.'s taxes in 1970 went down, de-
spite increased earnings."
For any Huey Long in embryo, I have a good tip: suggest that
we stop paying taxes until the government gives us something in
return for the money we give it.
"We get freedom!" vivacious Barbara Walters positively yel-
led into my ear during our six minutes on the TODAY show. To which
the answer is you don't have freedom in America if you don't have
money and most people don't have very much, particularly when what
do make goes to a government that gives nothing back. I suppose
vivacious Barbara meant that they are free to watch television's
God-awful programming which they pay for when they buy those shoddy
things the networks advertise.
"I would propose that no one be allowed to inherit more than,
let us say, a half million dollars, while corporate taxes obviously
must be higher.
"We should also get something back for the money we give the
government. We should have a national health service, something
every civilized country in the world has. Also, improved public
transoort. Also, schools which do more than teach conformity.
Also, a cleaning of the air. of the water, of the earth before we
all die of the poisons let loose by a society based on greed.
"Television advertising should be seriously restricted if not
eliminated. Although the TV commercial is the only true art form
our society has yet contrived, the purpose of all this beauty is
sinister— to make us want to buy junk we don't need by telling us
lies about what is being sold.
"Obviously, the bright kids know that what is being sold on
the screen is a lot of junk but that is corruption, too, because
then everyone who appears on the screen is also thought to be sell-
ing junk and this is not always true, even at election time.
"Facism is probably just a word for most of you. But the
reality is very much present in this country. And the fact of it
dominates most of the world today. Each year there is less and
less freedom for more and more people. Put simply, fascism is the
control of the state by a single man or by an oligarchy, supported
by the military and the police. This is why I keep emphasizing
the dangers of corrupt police, like the F.B.I, and the C.I.A. and
the Bureau of Narcotics and the Secret Service and Army counter-
intelligence and the Treasury men— what a lot of sneaky types we
have, spying on us all!
"From studying the polls, I would guess that about a third
of the American people at any given moment would welcome a fascist
state. This is because we have never been able to get across in
our schools what the country was all about. I suspect that the
reason for this failure is the discrepancy between what we were
meant to be and what we are — a predatory empire— is so plain to
children that they regard a study of our Constitution as just
another form of television commercial and just a phony. This is
sad. Let us hope it is not tragic. This means to exist to set things
Now for the hopeful note, struck thinnly, I fear. But the
last "solution" I offer is a good one.
"In the end, we may owe Richard Nixon a debt of gratitude.
Through his awesome ineptitude we have seen revealed the total
corruption of our system. From the Rockefellers and the Kennedys
who buy elections — and people — to the Agnews and Nixons who take
the money from those who buy, we are perfectly corrupt. What to
"How do we keep both the corrupting Kennedys and Rockefellers
as well as the corrupted Nixons and Agnews out of politics?
"I propose that no candidate for any office be allowed to
buy any space on television or in any newspaper or other medium.
This will stop cold the present system where Presidents and cong-
ressmen are bought by corporations and gangsters. To become
President you will not need thirty, forty, fifty million dollars
to smear your opponents and present yourself falsely on TV comm-
"Instead television (and the rest of the media) would be
requires by law to provide prime time (and space) for the various
"I would also propose a four-week election period as opposed
to the current four-year one. Four weeks is more than enough time
to present the issues. To show us the candidates in interviews,
debates, uncontrolled encounters in which we can actually see who
the candidate really is, answering tough questions, his record up
there for all to examine. This ought to get a better class into
There is about as much chance of getting such a change in our
system approved by Congress as there is of replacing the face on
Mt. Rushmore with those of Nixon and company. After all, the mem-
bers of the present Congress got there the old corrupt route and,
despite the probity of individual members, each congressman is very
much a part of a system which now makes it impossible for anyone
to be elected President who is not beholden to those interests
that are willing to give him the millions os dollars he needs to
be a candidate.
Congress' latest turn of the screw is glorious: when paying
income tax, each of us can give a dollar to the Presidential Elec-
tion Campaign Fund. This means that the two major parties can pick
up thirty million dollars apiece from the taxpayers while continu-
ing to receive, under the counter, another thirty or so million
from the milk, oil, insurance, etc. interests.
"Since Watergate, no one can say that we don't know where we
are or who we are or what sort of people we have chosen to govern
us. Now it remains to be seen if we have the power, the will to
restore to the people a country which— to tell the truth— has never
belonged to the ninety-five point six percent but certainly ought
to, as we begin our third— and, let us not hope, terminal— century."
I ended the series with a noon lecture at a college in Los
Angeles. ..not U.C.L.A. They told me this so often that now I've
forgotten what the school was actually called. No matter. They
have doubtless forgetten, too. The act of speaking formally (or
informally, for that matter) ia rather like the process of writing:
at the moment it is all-absorbing and one is absolutely concentrated.
Then the great eraser in one's brain mercifully sweeps away what
was said, written.
But impressions of audiences do remain with me. The young
appear to have difficultly expressing themselves with words.
Teachers tell me that today's students cannot read or write with
any ease (having read the prose of a good many American academies,
I fear that the teachers themselves have no firm purchase on our
Is television responsible? Perhaps. Certainly if a child
does not get interested in reading between six and thirteen he will
never be able to read or write (or speak) well and, alas, the pre-
pubescent years are the years of tube addiction for most American
Naturally that small fraction of one percent which will main-
tain the written culture continues, as always, but they must now
proceed without the friendly presence of the common reader who has
become the common viewer, getting his pleasure and instruction from
television and movies. A new kind of civilization is developing.
I have no way of understanding it.
As I make notes, I am troubled by the way that I responded to
the audiences' general hatred of the government. Yes, we are the
government- but only in name. I realize that I was being sophisti-
cal when I countered their cliche: you are the government.
Unconsciously, I seem to have been avoiding the message that
I got from one end of the country to the other: we hate this system
that we are trapped in but we don't know who has trapped us or how.
We don't know what our cage really looks like because we were born
in it and have nothing to compare it to, but if anyone has the key
to the lock then where the hell is it?
Most Americans lack the words, the concepts that might help
them figure out what has happened; and it is hardly their fault.
Simple falsities have been drummed into their heads from birth
(Sweden=socialism=suicide) so that they will not rebel, not demand
what is being withheld them. ..and that is not Nixon's elegant "a
piece of the action" but justice. Social justice.
The myth of upward social mobility dies hard; but it dies.
Working-class parents produce children who will be working class
while professional people produce more professionals. Merit has
little to do with one's eventual place in the hierarchy. We are
now locked into a class system nearly as rigid as the one that the
Emperor Diocletian impressed upon the Roman Empire.
Yes, I should have said, our rulers are perfectly corrupt but
they are not incompetent: in fact, they are extremely good at exer
cising power over those citizens whom they have so nicely dubbed
"comsumers." But the comsumers are not as dopey as they used to
be and when they have to listen to exhortations from old-style Am-
ericans like myself, telling them they are the government and so
can change it (underlying message: this bad society is what you
dumb bastards deserve), they respond with the only epithets they
can think of, provided them for generations by their masters: it's
the Commies, pinkos, niggers,foreigners, its them who have somehow
fucked up everything.
But the consumers still have no idea who the enemy they are,
no idea who really is tearing the place apart. No one has dared
tell them that the mysterious they are the rich who keep the con-
sumers in their places, consuming things that are not good for them,
and doing jobs they detest. Witness, the boredom and fury of the
younger workers on the Detroit assembly lines; no doubt made fuious-
if not bored— by the recent mass firings, as the depression deepens.
Not since Huey Long has a political leader come forward and
said we are going to redistribute the wealth of the country. We
are going to break up the great fortunes. We are going to have
just society whose goal will be economic equality. And we can do
this without bloody revolution (although knowing the clever re-
sourcefulness of our rulers, I suspect it will be a terrible time-
Attica on a continental scale).
True revolution can only take place when things fall apart in
the wake of some catastrophe— a lost war, a collapsed economy. We
seem headed for the second. If so, then let us pray that that
somber, all-confining Bastille known as the consumer society will
fall, as the first American revolution begins. It is long overdue. D
The 1974-75 Student Senate was as always, a heterogeneous
collection of individauls with as many different viewpoints
as there were personalities. Yet the Senate was able to
accomplish a remarkable amount of work, passing over 90
important pieces of legislation.
Perhaps the most important action undertaken by the Senate
was the successful ratification of a new student constitution,
which among other things, provides for the first time equal
representation of the Continuing Studies students.
Furthermore, the Senate played a major part in the creation
and growth of the Massachusetts Student Lobby, an organization
that is lobbying for student wants and rights across the state.
In addition to external events, the Senate was able to
allocate to the many clubs' and organizations the greatest
amount of monies since the Senate has had a budget to work
In an effort that at this writing has not been resolved,
the Senate played a major role in SMU's attempt to bring the
JOhn F. Kennedy Library and Archives to the campus.
# ':?■ ;:SW& v:"i; : '■ : ''
I 1 1
SMU STUOeAT Sg/UATM
i ' 'tf*m9 mmm m*wmm\t\
\ »♦'•' iWIMIIiitj ttlflflVi
Andy Sutcliffe, President
Wayne Coates, Vice President
Pete Blundsen below, Art Trundy above
Tim Hoffman. Tteas.
. .•.!•:••. v.
The folks fooling around in the Programming/Student
Activities Office like doing their thing - changing their crazy
entertainment fantisies into realities. We try to stay away from
the mediocre; try to be different; try to present programs that
people want to see happening at THEIR university, after they've
put the books away.
^ We're here to help everyone and every organization on the
SMU campus. Our programming ideas are yours for the asking.
k There's a couple of creative vo/canos in that office just waiting to
erupt all over this place.
The aim of the —
Student Chapter of the
American Society of Civil
Engineers is to acquaint the
Civil Engineering student with
professional practice and ethics
Guided tours of construction sites
and environmental projects provide
the student an opportunity to relate his
classroom knowledge to actual problems.
Guest speakers emphasize specific areas of interest,
and usually express the responsibiltiy that the
engineer has to the community. Activities also include
design projects and competitions with other student chapters
— : , K
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The International Study & Travel Office is a student funded
organization. Our faculty advisor is the Chairman of the Modern
Languages Department. The Office is manned by four language
majors David Schweidenback, Jim Hardy, Brian Dolman ano
Our purpose is to offer to the student body our knowledge and
V library resources in the field or international study and travel. We
have a lending library of books about studing, traveling, and
^^ working abroad.
It is our philosophy that the knowledge, memories, and skills
acquired abroad are invaluable. Also that in these days of
competition for jobs and educational opportunities, a trip abroad
,v to study or work gives a student something special that enhances
Temper Magazine is SMU's annual literary publication. It is the
campus' outlet for creative expression in the areas of fiction,
l:::;. poefAy ' drama > literary criticism, illustration, photography and
*" : :j:: ; artwork with the emphasis placed on the written word.
:::::::. This year for the first time in the magazine's history, a
""•I:::, supplement called TEMPER TWO will be published. The
.:::'::!:: '::::::. enthusiasm of the student body for the magazine has
;::::::: : ' ."' '"«" necessitated this supplement.
::::" j' **":::. Sponsored by the English Department, it is hoped the interes
.:" .::::::::. ':::::. in TEMPER will continue to grow so that one day it may become
:::::" :::::::::::? ••::::::::. a m onthly journal of creative literary expression.
:•■ .: •:::::•:• ; « ;:::.
:::..::::::::. -.:* ,;::;;. *•::::. Ray Berube
l/Vai F. Leung
C. H. Chen
Robert J. Souza
The Eta Kappa Nu is an electrical engineering honor society, a
national organization for the improvement of the E.E. profession
by providing its members with a sense of leadership and many
It, activities (social and professional to supplement the
by Cathy Mayer The TORCH, Feb. 1974
^ "The significance of the Zeta Xi Chapter of
Eta Kappa Nu is that it is the first honor
society at SMU. The chapter is the 131st
chapter nationally established in the
70 year history of Eta Kappa Nu. "
Pres. Elect Marie Colombo
Treasurer Dave Mello
President Sandi Lonngren
Past Pres. Pat Blackmer
'lol y'hi mcyii >ll > i'h (vi.llno nlni nldiy olio llol yllo Incy-mllo iln c/i
nu i clno ynlliMi'' hi <■ (In ilon cllmnli luc vim tin i clno ynlloiiU linn
lonlo nil I cIk Vi'o i tl k v c|i nnlli nl
it llnioc.(>iii| (lii /lli|«n i/ii . i iimicii yi.n lno|ti llinoc cimi| nlo ylli|(»i
lo iln cynlliio ilninUliy (»■ > . i yllo lucyiiollo iln cynllim nlmiildi
ri( linn (In iln cdhonli Incylni u i i (Inn ynllonu Inin (In lion dlionl (I
Innnlm nil nnlli uliiouyic mil in iln nil I (lit* yllnnnlin nil nnlli lion
1 1 1 c 1 1 y olio ilol yllo liicynollo ihi cynlli Ii if ilcliy ulcliy olio llol •
i'i >tic vim mi i clno ynllonlc Iiiiii clu iloncllionlicllionh luc ylin in
lnonyic mil loiilo nil I cllo yllonnlio oh mill nlli nlnooyic mn Ion *"
•/mi luo|ii llmoc oui| olo ylh|oi lyn 01 lyn on limcn yun lno|ii
/I o liicynollo iln cynllno olniulcliy ulcliy olio llol yllo liicynollo i
Inn ynllonlc Inni cln iloncl ion I cllionl' luc ylui mi i clno ynllonlc
I » nil i cllo yllonnlio oh 01 Hi iioulli iilnouyic mn lonlo nil i cllo yllo
linoc oni| olo ylli|m lyn 01 lyn on Inucii yn i lno|ii llmoc oui| olo y '7J
i cynllno olni ulcliy ulcliy olio llol yllo liicynollo iln cynllno iiliif
n clu lion cllionl cllionli luc ylm uii i clno vnllonlc linn cln ilon
■ lio oil oulli nonlli iilnouyic mil lonlo nil i cllo yllonnlio oli ulcliy
\ ■/!. li|oi lyn 01 lyn on Inucii yun lno|n llmoc oni| olo y 1 1 ■ | o i cllionli luc
IninUliy ulcliy olio llol yllo liicynollo ilu cynllno oh onlli iilnouyic
i I cllionli luc ylm un i clno ynllonlc linn clu lion lyn on Inucii yuu
i mi i clno ynlloi
mil lonlo nil i cllo yi
/un lno|u llmoc oni| olc
yllo liicynollo ilu cynllno
i un i duo yulmulc luui clu ilon
oui lonlo nil i cllo yllonnlio oh on
/in lno|ii llmoc oui| olo ylli|m lyn o
•,ilo lucyuollo ilu cynllno olniulcliy olio Hi
i un i clno ynllonlc Inni clu ilon cllionli luc /hu
oui lonlo nil i cllo yllonnlio oh oulli iilnouyic mil
yuu lin>|ti llmoc oiiij olo ylli|oi lyn on niucu yun In
hy olio llol lo lucyuollo tin cynllno olni ulcliy olio llol
nil I >c ylm un i clno ynllonlc linn clu ilon cllionli luc ylui
lonyic oui lonlo nil I cllo yllonnlio oh oulli iilnouyic o
n yi u lno|ii llmoc oui| olo ylli|oi lyu on Inucii yi
yllo lucyuollo ilu cynllno olni ulcliy olio llol y
i clno ynllonlc Inni clu ilon cllionli luc ylui
i nil i cllo ylloi ulio oh oulli iilnouyic o
I >C oui| olo ylli|oi lyu on Inucii yi
i cynllno < hu ulcliy olio llol y
mi clu ilon cllionli hu ylui
ulio oh null iilumr, ic i
li|m lyu on Inucii yi
ulcliy olio llol y
ih Inc ylui
The Russian Studies Club has been created to increase student
appreciation of Russian life and culture. Activities have been
designed to advance both the political aspects of the Soviet Union
and the enchanting arts of old Russia. The officers of the club
include: Diane Crabtree, President; Jack Mo ran. Vice President,
Ann Wroblewski, Secretary; Susan Wenc, Treasurer.
The Women's Center is an orgainzation sponsored by the
Student Senate which serves to educate and inform the
community of SMU. The major emphasis is on issues and
information of particular relevance to women, such as the
following concerns: birth control, pregnancy, abortion, sex
discrimination, images and role expectations for women in our
culture. Re ferrals are made to doctors and clinics throughout the
area. The Center sponsors films, speakers and mini-courses, from
basic automechanics to prepared childbirth. In addition, it has a
lending library and a number of informative pamphlets covering
many subjects. The Women's Center exists not only to provide
services, but also to offer a place where women may meet and
share experiences in a supportive atmosphere. We are located on
the second floor nf the Campus Center and are open from 10 to 4
PM, Mon. - Hri. However, these hours are flexible and the Center
will remain open during the evening by request. A full-time staff
member is available to answer questions and provide assistance
and support. Call extension 697 or 698.
Sharon Boswell-Brockett co-director, Women's Center
The SM,\J Coffee House, once merely an occasional contingency^
has blossomed into an event religiously attracting an
average of 60 well satisfied folk music lovers weekly
The Coffee House, as one of the few factions on
campus which caters to both students and
members of the SMU community on a
regular basis, has solidified itself as one
of the most viable musical organizations ,
Entertainment from Texas
California, and all over
New England from
Maine and Vermont
contact the SMU Coffee
House for possible playing
dates. SMU Coffee House repre-
sentatives were invited to attend
the National Convention of Coffee
Houses Inc. held in Washington, D.C.
Once considered under the wing of the Concert
Series, the Coffee House has established itself as a
necessary, and rapidly developing entity on the SMU
The purpose of the Student Advisor Program is to provide peer
counseling for the social and academic needs of SMU Students.
The Student Advisors not only aid the established SMU student,
but also the prospective and incoming student. The organization's ^k
main concern is that the SMU student lead a hassle-free academic
Rick Maciulewicz Director < (
S/mU SW Witgmm,
The SMU Concert Series is the musical entertainment service
committee on campus. Initiated in 1972 by Steve "Bear" Brown
and Bob DiPietro and established by Student Senate funding in the
fall of seventy-two, the Concert Series is in its third year of
operations. Those operations involve all aspects of programming
and production using as many as seventy students working on the
night of a major show. The Concert Series is founder and a
major contributor to the Dr. Samuel Stone scholarship fund
f 1 1 I f ( M
Bob Parsons, right hand man of Bob DiPietro who's on the left with Paul Lavesqm
the big cheeze Bob DiPietro
Says Rhodes, "Some say we're a Rock and Roll band. Others say we're
soul-blues with jazz soloists. Still others say I'm folkie. Thing is
1 like to play music people can dance to." Dance, we did. Even the
kid from Baltimore (and most of the Street) were down front boogying.
Gary Kolosey excerpt from the TORCH, Friday, October 4, 1974
r. .' L
sL2 ' '\'!_ "
— .— '.■ .'' ^ -V-
John Smith, Chris Rhodes, Stevie Staines, Jimmy Smith, David Landau and Michael Biblyk
"> ' ¥
Peter and Pianist
Communications are really bad these days. Few people really
understand what other people are trying to say. ...and all
you people out there who arn't digging me, ought to be able
to dig that! So many people talk about understanding,
but who understands? Have you ever looked up the word
TORCH UNDERGOES EXCITING GROWTH
During the past year, the TORCH has improved dramatically
in its news and feature coverage and in the quality of its
appearance. We are making our mark slowly but assuredly in
the annals of collegiant journalism.
Why? Without hesitation I attribute the newspaper's
growth to the dedication, talents and enthusiasm of a united
staff. It is the people who make up a newspaper. Their efforts
sustain it and make it grow.
What has the TORCH accomplished this past semester? Our
staff has grown termendously. Departments have been further
co-ordianted. We now publish a 20 page weekly newspaper.
Bi-weekly we publish the TRISKELION, the faculty, administration
and staff newspaper edited by presidential assistant, Greg Stone.
And for the first time, the TORCH will publish a weekly paper
throughout the summer under the auspices of the Department of
Continuing Education. Our goal is better communication and
I thrnk we are accomplishing this in great strides.
Also, the TORCH has campaigned successfully for outside
paid advertisement which allows us some fiscal independence
and slightly reduces the cost each individual pays in our support
through student fees. We intend to expand our advertising venture
for fiscal independence guarantees journalistic freedom.
We have expanded our on-the-spot news coverage to the
Boston State House and inside the Governor's office and the
Legislature to the U Mass campus at Amherst. We have covered
practically all campus social and entertainment events including
coverage of the Boston and New York theatre, music and film
scene. We have also developed a bold editorial policy
which has created some moments of controversy though any student
can utilize our editorial pages for the expression of her/his
Obviously, the TORCH has grown in many ways as a newspaper
MUST within a rapidly growing university community. Such
an observation reflects proudly on an aware, fun-loving and
dedicated staff and student body.
• * ■
p ' »»■-*■'■
Bill Desmond, Photo Ed.
Wayne Camara News Ed
Ray Berube, Features Ed
Dana Rowe on Staff
JOCKYING FOR POSITION
Competing with pro DJ's 'WUSM' at last entered the pandemonious
ether 'Indy' with a 10-watt whisper
The coming of October '74 was heralded by the birth
cries and grunts of SMU's FM baby. It was a long and difficult
birth; nearly ignored to death, nearly aborted by WTEV, the station
neariy never saw the light of day.
The station about three years before its emergence was
as little-known as the SMU FM radio committee. Sans equipment,
office space and FCC approval, it was really nothing more than a
figment of the collective imaginations of a few group=two engineers.
In the early 73-74 semester the group, which consisted mainly of
Ed Debarros, Bill Mendes, Paul Ziebro and Paul Chevrier had written
up a constitution for the proposed station. A proposal for a 10-watt
FM, educational (non-commercial) station was placed before the Board
of Trustees and passed. An application for licence was submitted
to the FCC which WTEV claiming interference with their signal,
tried to kill. Area representatives, notably Gerry Studds, helped
get the petition approved. Then, after considerable struggling
for office space and finally constructing an attenna, and considerable
help from SMU workers, a studio was built. By October it was
During the latter stages of the station's coming into
existence, a large number of students became infected with DJ
mania. Eventually this number was reduced - largely because most
did not want to go through the hassle of acquiring licenses.
WUSM had to pretty much take Pot Luck with those who did, as they
could not pay them, being a non-profit organization. Listeners
discovered that the voice of SMU frequently did not speak the King's
Despite the overall mediocrity of the people airing the
albums (and of the lack of variety of music available), WUSM has
become the most popular radio station on campus, because the
DJ's are known by the students (not just faceless voices). And
because it caters to SMU's needs and desires. It is also probably
the most effective means of communication on campus because it is
always available and timely (as opposed to the school newspaper,
available only once a week and therefore often outdated). For this
reason, the future looks bright indeed for the one-time unwanted
The SMU VETS CLUB exists for the social and economic welfare
of its members. Originally the club was strictly one of a
political nature, tracing its history back to 1970 when a group
of concerned veterans organized a local chapter of Vietnam
Veterans against the War. In 1972 VVAW of SMU was
reorganized, largely through the efforts of Bill Conboy, emerging
as the Veterans Education and Training Society. Again in
1973 reorganization was effected with Ray Atwood, Jim Canavan, Len
Baptiste, and Ron James being elected Chairman, Co-Chairman,
Treasurer, and Secretary respectively. During their tenure the
club became more visible on campus and in the community. Fund
raising became more of a science than a gamble and over $3,000
was made available to needy members during the '73 - '74 academic
year. An intensive campaign was launched to recruit support for
pending legislation pertaining to veterans culminating in the
overwhelming victory in Congress of House of Representatives
Bill HR 12628, granting vets in school a 23% increase in benefits,
extensions of eligibility and entitlement, and low interest loans.
Incumbent officers Brad Burns, Jim Canavan, and Pete Allyn
considered this a personal victory for the SMU VETS CLUB as
similar organizations throughout Massachusetts look in this
direction for inspiration and example.
In cooperation with Dermot Duggan, Jean Trucotte, and
Jack Marland of the Veterans Affairs Office of SMU, the
VETS CLUB moved to new quarters in the old 2nd floor north
lounge in the Group II building. That area is now a veterans'
lounge and houses a suite of offices including the VA rep, the
Veterans Affairs Coordinator, their clerk, and the VETS CLUB
For the future, SMU VETS is playing an integral part,
along with UMASS VETS, in the conception and implementation of
a Massachusetts Association of Concerned Veterans, fashioned along
the model of a Connecticut organization which is highly active
in that state. Additionally, SMU VETS is working for a more
adequate "Gl Bill" - one which would provide assistance
for veterans wishing to attend graduate school. SMU VETS will
continue to serve Southeastern Massachusetts University
indefinitely and is grateful for the opportunity to do so.
■ ' ■
RUSHING - -WHAT IS IT?
Rushing is the time during which you, as a rushee, are able
to meet and get to know the fraternity men and sorority women of
SMU. It is a period when the members of the fraternal system
attempt to acquaint you with the values and purposes, the privileges
and responsibilities as well as the activities and accomplishments
of their individual fraternities and sororities. All rushees are
free to visit the fraternities and sororities on campus during open
Rushing places no participant under an obligation to pledge.
You are free to merely investigate, if that is your wish, and
nothing more. If your investigation leads you to consider
membership, and in turn you are "bid", you are still under no
requirement to accept or refuse that bid. However, you have an
obligation to yourself to recognize that in electing the possibility
of fraternal membership, your choice of group should be based upon
careful consideration of ail that is involved, for your choice is an
PLEDGING WHAT IS IT?
Pledging begins with a bid. A bid is a formal invitation issued
by a fraternity or sorority to you, the prospective pledge. You
may receive several bids, but you can only accept one, and join only
one fraternity or sorority. After you have accepted such a bid, you
begin the period of your pledgeship. Pledgeship is the integral
part of a fraternity or sorority which prepares you for the day
when you will become a full fledged member.
The fraternity or sorority assigns each pledge a "Big Brother"
or "Sister" whose special responsibility it will be to help you
develop sound leadership, to learn the expectations of the group,
and the conditions and requirements for active membership. The most
important part of the pledge training program, therefore, and the
lessons you will learn about the history, ideals and standards of the
fraternity or sorority, knowing that you and your fellow pledges are
committed to a program of individual and collective imporvement.
Skills of leadership, fellowship, temperance, tolerance, judgement,
knowledge - these are secured from the experience of participating
in group activities. In working with your pledge brothers or
sisters, you develop a sense of responsibility broader than "self"
In every respect the pledge program at SMU is directed toward
constructive and beneficial ends. It is also during this time of
pledgeship in which you as a pledge should find a true meaning in
brotherhood and sisterhood.
c r. v
Left to Right
Dr. Manuel Rosenfield (Advisor)
Dath Cooney - President
Kappa Sigma Phi Sorority was established in 1943 at the
Philadelphia Textile Institute. The New Bedford Institute of
Technology became a chapter member the following year and the
Bradtord-Dunee Technical Institute formed its chapter in 1950.
When the area institutes merged to form SMTI, these Delta and
Gamma Chapters merged also.
Kappa acts as a service as well as a social organization.
Through a united sisterhood, the members have rewarding satisfaction
in serving the less fortunate of the community, and in so doing,
have established close bonds of friendship, ideals, teamwork, and
The Greek letters signify our tradition of knowledge, sincerity,
fraternity. These are the goals which we, the members of Kappa
Sigma Phi, wholeheartedly dedicate ourselves. We aim to assist our
sisters in every conceivable way to promote their social and
President - Kathy Cooney
Treasurer - Patty Almeida
Secretary - Carolyn La Fleur
, • 4 i
Delta Kappa Phi was founded at the Philadelphia Textile
Institute, Philadelphia Pennsylvania in Oct. 1899 by a group of
eight students. Membership, at first was confined to textile
students only, but laterthe charter was amended so that students
in all fields could become brothers. At first, the eight founders
planned to join a national fraternity, but since their interests
were mainly in Textiles they decided to form their own fraternity.
This marked the birth of the first Textile fraternity in America.
Delta Kappa Phi became a national fraternity in 1905 when Beta
chapter was incorporated at Lowell Technological Institute,
At the New Bedford Technological Institute, now SMU, Delta
Kappa Phi fraternity was founded in 1916 and incorporated into
a national in 1917. We held our first meetings above a store
on Purchase Street in New Bedford, not far from the school.
Presently our fraternity house is located at 54 Campbell Street.
Rich in longstanding traditions, Delta Kappa Phi does not live
on its past but rather on its future, a brighter future for itself,
its ideals, and its brotherhood. Over the years Delta Kappa Phi
has grown to six chapters along the East Coast. They include:
Alpha Chapter, Philadelphia Coolege of Textiles, Incorp. 1899;
Beta Chapter, Lowell Technological Institute, Incorp. 1905; Gamma
Chapter, Rhode Island School of Design, Incorp. 1917; Delta Chapter
Southeastern Massachusetts University, Incorp. 1917; Kappa Chapter,
North Carolina State, Incorp. 1948; Theta Chapter, Georgia Institute
of Technology, Incorp. 1949.
Delta Kappa Phi is listed in Bairds Manual of Fraternities and
its alumni brothers hold positions of importance in all professions
in our society.
Back Row left to right
2nd row Seated, left to right
BobGuarnieri - Vice President (Pro Consul)
Jerry Grota - President (Consul)
Steve Nichols - Recording Secretary (Annotator)
Kneeling Front Row, left to right
Ray Matthews - Corresponding Secretary (Scribe)
Dr. Manuel C. Rosenfield -Advisor
from left to right
Mark "Nifty" Vitone
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Phi Psi is a professional fraternity of Textile Engineers.
Membership is open to all undergraduate Textile majors and al
students in a master's program. The aim of the Phi Psi is to
promote higher standards in textile education.
Advisor - Prof. Edward Cloutier, Leonard Thibault, John Evans,
Wallace Mortin, Robert Silveira, Craig Duhamel, Daniel Richards,
Jorge Duque, Alton Wilson, Bruce Alves, Florence Boulos, Paul
Lowe, George Yuen, David Roderiques.
The AATCC is an organization of international scope having
over 10,000 members whose object is: "To promote increase
of knowledge of the application of dyes and chemicals in the textile
industry, to encourage in any practical way research work on
chemical processes and materials of importance to the textile
industry, and to establish for the members channels by which the
interchange of professional knowledge among them may be increased."
Students in colleges and universities having Schools of Textiles
form Student Sections, and the group actively participates in the
activities of the regional semi-autonomous regional sections in the
geographic area nearest them. These students can make professional
and social contacts of value.
On the SMU Campus, the AATCC operates in conjunction with the
AATT and PhiPsi in the interest of unified activities in Textiles.
Stephen Le Croix
Prof. Edmund J. Dupre, Advisor
-. • ;:;■■ ■■
hmriuiM (ksyxxa&crn f*hTe*Hk Qnenisrs ^Cblorisfe
The purpose and function of the Textile Club is to promote activities
of the Textile Department, to assist the AATT, AATCC, and Phi
Psi, to sponsor lectures, and to promote interest in Textiles in
area high schools.
Also, the club is involved in social and athletic activities
sponsoring intramural teams in softball, basketball, football,
Advisor-A.R. Wilson, Winston Cobb, Maurice Paquin, Daniel
Richards, Thomas Meehan, Craig Duhamel, Mitchel Gaj, Florence Boulos,
John Evans, Gary Dennel, Stephen LeCroix, Wallace Martin, William
Silveira, Victor Almeida, Ronald Snell, Jorge Duque, Stephen Queipo,
Cleveland Heath, Robert Silveira, David Roderiques, Matthew McGuinnes,
Andrei Klein, Leonard Thibault, Robert Rossi, Douglas Woodard,
Maurice Bessetts, Robert Luckroft, Suzanne Leshner, Jane Petrino,
Bruce Alves, Allan La Brode, Pedro Africano, Daniel Kaidel,
Paul Servais, George Yuen, Thomas Pease, Raymund Gwozdz, Raymond
Landers, Paul Lowe.
Ilionli Iik ylni mi i cluo ynllonlc linn cln lion cllioi
tlchy olio llol yllo liic/nollo iln cynlliio olin ulcliy olio llol yllo locy
tlliiMili I'K ylui on i cluo ynllonlc linn clu ilon cllionli Iik ylui mi i cluo ynl
mill nlnoiiyic iiiii lonlo nil i cllo ylloimlio oh milli iiliiimyic out
y ii on Iiimcii ynn lno|ii llinoc oni| olo ylli|oi lyn on liincii /mi lno|i
lilclty olio llol yllo Incyiiollo iln cynlliio olninlcliy olio llol yll<
lll«< fill ln< ylm mi i cluo ynllonlc linn cln ilon cllionli Inc ylin nn ic
iiilli nlnoiiyic mil lonlo nil I cllo ylloimlio oh onlli nlnoiiyic oni lonlo
lyn on liincn ynn Ii o|«i llinoc oni| olo yllijoi lyn on liincn ynn lno|n Hum
o nil i ell
o ol >
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• ill i cllo
llmoc >in| olo
1 »ll<> ill
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A common brawler and misfit, Randle P. McMurphy is committed
to an insane ward by the court to determine whether or not he
is psychopathic. The story of McMurphy's battle with Big
Nurse Ratched, in charge of the ward, forms the core of the
play highlighted by the conflicts of other patients and terminating
in the lobotomy and death of McMurphy.
TH6 SHU DRfiMftCLUB IM"olv/6 FUSUJ 0^ W COOKOO'S N6ZT
yu*mev by k^a/ k6S6Y -o/^ecreo m a*j*us sail&y
ADAPT6D PROH K0H6ft6 ~ DlJte6T6fr Sfr AM6US 8AIUSV
Inc .yltii mi i clnii yulloiilc linn clu ili ii ■ c llionli Iik ylm u i i duo
(mill 1 1 1 1 1 < > 1 1 y i c imii lonln nil i clln yllimiiliii nil oulli nlnoiiyic mil loulo i
lyiiiHi 1 1 in ii yim lno|ii II 1 1 k, c oni| olo ylli|(n lyn on Iiiiicii yim
ultliy olio llol yllo liicynollo ilii cynllno oliiinUliy olio llol yllo lucyiiollo
, # TH€ DUMBk/AlieR" "TH6 10U6K" "TH6 ROOM"
^>e^ /&m >S? HMOLP PMT6Q - DJJ16CTGO B4 STU&eA/rs
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I T/j/WSjJ)FSO PHOfi\ CHAUC&^~.Ort6CTeD £<1 AA/614S /34W ... lUUC 0/*6<T6O &<< 6*** 7/itM/iS
The Black Student Union has dedicated itself to raising "Black
Consciousness" within the SMU community. Our philosophy maintains
that education is a necessary means for upward mobility and we
seek to educate the SMU community in regards to the importance of
the Black perspective. We are striving to project a positive
self-image for all people of color and we further support and
perpetuate educational, cultural and spiritual enrichment for all
\SMU BLACK SWD€A/T l/MOU
cllionli l"c ylm tin i clno ynllonlc linn clu lion cllionli luc ylm
niilli nlnonyic oui loulo nil i ell yllonulio oh oulli iilnouyic mil
lyu on linicii ymi lno|ii llnioc oui| olo ylli|(>i lyu on liiucn
mi clu ilon cllionlicllionli Iik ylm n i clno ynllonlc linn clu lion
louiili i oil oolli noiilli iiluoi" ic oiii loulo mi i cll<> yllouulio
olo yllijoi lyu 01 lyu on linicii yuu Inoiu llinoc ii'i 1 *»|c» ylluo-
T f J.
Some of the Members of SMU Ski Club at the top of the mountain,
January Vacation trip to Loon Mt., New Hampshire.
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cilionli Iik ylui on i dim /nil >iilc linn (In ilon cllionli Iik
onlli llllHlliyiC mil lonlo nil I llo /llomilio oil oulli nlnmiyic mil
lyu on Imicii yun
nUliy olio II I • llo Incyiiollo iln cyiilluo olmiiUliy olio llol
lucyiiollo iln cyiilluo olm nlcliy nlcliy olio llol yllo Incyiiollo ill* cyi
cl 10 /nllonlc linn clu ilon cllionlcllionli Inc ylni nil i duo
nlo i II i dlo /llomilio oh mill) iimilli iiliimiyic mn lonlo nil i dlo ylloi
lno|ii llmoc < i Iiiojii Hinoc
Incyiiollo Incyiiollo iln
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Chris: Well, I guess the best way to start this off is for you
to give us some background on how you came to SMU and exactly
what you do.
Luti: I came here from Salt Lake City, but I'm not a Westerner.
I had been working out there. I had been living in Connecticut
most of my life and after getting out of Yale, I said, well there
are no jobs in the East, so I'll go West-more opportunity out West.
But no sooner did I get out West, I got settled down with a
public school job, then I get notice of the job here. It was
ironic that I should go out there looking for work and find the
job back here.
Michael: What were you teaching out in Salt Lake City?
Luti: It was a piecemeal kind of a thing. I was teaching music
in the public schools.
Michael : I n a whole school system. Was that your first teaching post?
Luti: Yeah, a system .
No, I had taught public school for about eight years in
Connecticut before I'd gone to Graduate School, to go into music
Actually I've taught more in public schools than in college.
The public schools out in Utah have an incredible music program.
I couldn't believe it. It was really a joy to work with them.
Ordinarily, you, know, working music with little kids is ...(face)...
stifling to say the least, but out there it was great. Ironically
at a meeting the other day one of the deans— you often refer
to a place of low quality - well he used Utah when talk-
ing about places with low quality music program. I
felt like telling him he picked the wrong state. They
have excellent preparatory programs so that the kids who
get into college have a fine background.
Michael: Do you enjoy working on the college level much more than
in the secondary school level?
Luti: I worked elementary for all but one of those eight years.
But those eight years of self-contained classroom were
really nice. But I got that hankering to get back into
music because my bachelor's degree had been in music,
but then I went on to elementary education. I was very
very happy there, except the thing about music kept com-
ing back, because I wasn't teaching music then. I finally
chucked everything and went to grad school. That's what
lead me to teaching in college, four years here at SMU
and some part-time teaching when I was in grad school. So
I still feel I'm new at it. I like it, of course I like
it, you know I do! I like it because I like the people
I'm working with. I don't have to put it all in words
of limited vocabulary. It's just marvelous to be teach-
ing this age group! I wish there were music majors around
too, to also be working with. But I would never want to
give up working with non-music majors the way I do now.
Chris: More variety?
Luti: No, it's ... We don't have a music major and I've never
taught in a music major, but I've always suspected it'd
get rather routine as in any major: you have to take
this, you have to reach this much content, and you have
to meet this many requirements. I don't have that right
now. I can structure the cla«s the way I want, go as
far as I want, talk-adjusting the level to the class, so
it's very pleasant to teach music in a non-music major
situation. Course, You know I have a ball in those
Chris: I know, I know...
Luti: ...and they're not Mickey Mouse courses either. But I
enjoy it immensely.
Chris: How do you feel about the music dept. in general? Where
are it's advantages and where does it lack?
Luti: Oh... I don't know. ..(sigh). ..in the four years I've been
here, it's grown in a certain kind of way, though we're
Michael: By what?
Luti: By now much in depth we can go. ..how many sequences of
courses we can offer. Before I came there were no se-
quence courses in this dept. Every course had no pre-
requisite. That had never happened before, so you see,
it's moved. ..But I can only do that to a certain point
in a non-major, cause then I start loosing people who
run short of free-electives. So two sequences is really
the most, but because of that some of the courses have
become more advanced than they were. We've added new
The 1975 Scrimshaw is dedicated to this man,
his dedication and sincerity.
Luti, in honor of.
2«Zt*vUu) toiti fAaftuw V(*dK+(/u&
courses - the jazz and American music area of the cur-
riculum which is moving along well, despite the erratic
teacher - (laughter) you know Mr. Byard...
Chris: Yes, yes— he's a riot!!
Luti: Of course he's an enormously important person and an
exciting person to have around. So I help out, keeping
him organizing and doing what I can.
Michael : Do you feel he adds something to the Music Dept ?
Luti: Yes, yes of course!
Chris: He seems to have inspired a lot of kids!
Luti: I really think he does.
Chris: Because he's a working musician...
Luti : Yeah, he's the only one on the faculty that in truth is
a professional. The staff all call themselves "pro-
fessional," but I don't . I don't call myself a pro-
fessional musician. By the way (leans forward into the
mike) I am a professional teacher. I differ from my
co-workers who all call themselves professional musicians.
I don't make my living at music. Byard does, or he has
up until recently. So we have a "professional," you
know, a person who is actively engaged in concerts and
recording. We just do it once in a while; Eleanor
gives a recital, I write a piece of music, Mr. Corbert
plays a flute piece, Madame sings now and then. ..but
we're all professional teachers. I'm not saying one
is better than another, I just call a spade a spade.
They're different professions. When you're a teacher
you bring to it techniques and ideas about teaching,
which have nothing to do with music necessarily, it just
happens that music is my subject. But the techniques
for teaching are as professional as say the techniques
for a concert pianist, or such... and you know where I
think this comes from? My training as an elementary
school teacher. I think it's been the most influential
thing on the way I teach. ..and I know other people
pooh-pooh it. I consider it a plus when I look over
a potential teacher's resume. The real teaching challenge
is with little children. It's the most difficult teaching
assignment you can get. College students, in a sense,
are supposed to be educating themselves with the help
of a teacher.
Michael: Would you like to get a little more professional in the
musician part? Could you toy with that for awhile?
Luti: Well it's hard to juggle a career both ways. There are
people who do it, but I think they're generally people
who have made it first in the concert/career world and
then go into teaching - like Byard - then they can keep
both of them going.
For me to go out now and become a "professional" com-
poser, which is my field, would be rather difficult.
I'd be a greenhorn out there - making a living at it...
make that my primary source of income. No, I don't have
any yearnings to go in that direction. I've always thought
of myself as a teacher. But I feel that as a teacher
I've gained first from the elementary education, I've
gained from the kind of background I go for myself in
my own education, and I've gained by keeping active in
composing. I write every summer, during winter vacations.,
that's the only time you have. ..that's another problem
when you're a full-time teacher, you can't be a full-time
musician. ..I compose very slowly and over long periods
Michael: How many pieces have you written now?
Luti: That's hard to say because some I've thrown out. There
are others sitting on the shelf that I probably wouldn't
want to have performed again. So I don't know.
Michael: What was it like when you had your piece premiered this
year at SMU?
Luti: That was incredible, I had two this year! It's exciting
don't you kid yourself - it's exciting! I developed
blisters I got so nervous. You have to sit there and
pretend to be quite non-chalant - it's nerve racking!
Michael: Did you pick up the group of people to play the
Luti: Uh-let's see, in the fall the New England Conservatory
Orchestra was coming down to give a concert under
Mr. Schuller, and I asked him "would you consider doing
a piece of mine" and I sent it to him and he agreed
that it was workable, so I wasn't responsible. But the
one we did this spring, D.J., was done by a pickup or-
chestra Mr. Corbert hired from out of Boston - and again
I wasn't really involved with the musicians. But Mr.
Corbert finds good musicians. You have to worry about
the conductor more than anything else. But going through
a premiere is sheer hell.
Michael: How many pieces have you had premiered?
Luti: Oh, maybe a dozen. ..that means publicly, above and be-
yond school performances. It's hard to think of doing
them again. You really sweat it out, after all, I tend
to write a rather difficult music. It's usually in an
idiom that's not common to the players so I have to
worry 'are they going to want to play it - are they
going to understand what I'm writing. ..are they going
to give it a performance that will tell what the music
is about?' And with contemporary music.particularly
if it's difficult, the performance has to be exception-
ally good, otherwise it'll be a disaster. You can hack
out a Beethoven or Mozart Symphony, but a new work stands
on that one performance, and if it doesn't go it can be
absolutely horrible. These two went decently, although
"D.J." this spring was performed poorly it got across
Michael : We saw the one conducted by Schuller and we thoroughly
Luti: It was a heavy, heavy piece. "D.J." you didn't hear
that? That was a fun piece - even the old ladies in
the audience liked it! That was the one with the weather
balloon that exploded. It was fun, it was also a satire.
Chris: Do you always have little themes that go with each of
Luti: Half the time there is an idea, a thought to go with
it. The one you heard was-not that I was trying to
depict SMU in any particular way.- but I was thinking
about SMU, the architecture, the kind of structures
the kind of environment - just thinking about those
things while I was working. I'm not saying that you will
hear them in the music.
Michael: Ah, you might not have heard it but you felt it! You
know if this is anything to you, the people that I know
that heard it. .we were all amazed. It was SMU. The
music should have been coming out of the Campanile as
people were scurrying around the buildings!
Luti: I s'pose so - it might come through somehow. But gen-
erally composers don't tell their secrets 'cause often
times the things composers do when they're putting a
piece of music together are really embarrassing! You
know! They're so simple minded!
Chris: I've been hearing some intriguing stories about the
things you use in your works!
Luti: "D.J." is the one that's full of all sorts of things.
The initials "D.J." however are an absolute secret.
But there are all sorts of satires and parodies going
on in the piece. Only I would know it, or another
musician perhaps or if I told someone and they heard it
they would get that extra kick out of the piece.
One piece I wrote had the starting point of the year 1 692.
The whole cantada evolved from the numbers I, 6, 9 and 2.
You know of the witchcraft trials? That was in I692.
You can interpret those numbers into musical pitches,
which then became the source for the development of the
whole piece. I also had some actual quotes from the
trialsthat I used as text. Also I used an old sermon
and part of the tune from a puritan hymn. So your source
material can be very interesting, sometimes very banal
and stupid (chuckle). You really don't like to talk
about it. ..inspiration. ..you know, people think these
come to you in the dead of night... 3 o'clock in the
morning bounding out of bed to grab a pen and paper..
But back to the dept. ..ah, I think we're cohering much
better as a dept. than we did 4 years ago. Particularly
the addition of the piano instructor who brings it up
to 3 full time people and Mrs. Corbert. But we don't
seem to be getting much cooperation from the adminis-
tration on our music major.
Michael : What seems to be the problem introducing the music
major to the school?
Luti: We've done pretty well, as far as introducing it to the
college of Fine Arts, and the University Curriculum
Jaki Byard spacing out in class
Committee, which is all the Colleges. So right now it
sort of sits at the Dean's level before it can go to
the President and the Board of Trustees. So it*:s stalled
right now., and with the change of this College's dean
things will prob ably slow up more.
Michael: Are you interested in all types of music? The contem-
porary, pop, ah...
Luti: Yeah, very realistically we've got to stop thinking about
"elitist classical" music. I think we as educators
have to know something about all types of music. I
have a large selection of 20th century, classical and
some jazz records. I do like rock by the way. I listen
to it on the radio all the time. There's one problem
in that I didn't grow up with it, in the sense that it
isn't "my music" and I don't know the "insides,
and I don't have the emotional attachments to it and
don't always know the connotations that go with the
whole movement. But it's still music and I can't push
Michael: Sure, because it's having quite an effect on a large
number of people.
Luti: That's the point. It's music and it's as valid a part
of our endeavors as anything else.
Michael: Have the kids in your classes been influential in your
Luti: No. I threw in a quote from a Beatles tune in the piece
you heard, but nobody, not even the orchestra, got it.
But that's not really influence. Gunthur Schuller in-
corporates jazz techniques,into his classical writing. I
have never tried doing that because I am not that well
versed in jazz. I've only come to jazz and pop music
now. All my life I've been into classical music.
Chris: How did you get involved with using shells and rocks and
such for noisemakers in your music?
Luti: Well, that's sort of from people in the Arts... that is.
the idea of "found sound" ..environmental sound. ..sound
beyond the standard academic sound. Like in painting
it's not always paint that you put on the canvas, it
can be things you find. So, the same thing in music
has gone on. You're looking for the introduction of
new sounds, or familar environmental sounds. See over
there, my clam shells? Those are famous, they played
at Tanglewood. They represented the souls of those
witches hung in that piece I mentioned. The percussionist
rattles them at the very end. Sand makes a good noise ajso
Michaeli I'm looking around and I'm seeing this art. Is this all
Luti: The paintings are all mine. I can't afford other
Michael: Is painting a strong interest of yours?
Luti: It was, I almost went into art. As an undergraduate
I was majoring in music, but I took as many art courses
as music courses.
Luti: University of New Hampshire. I was very deeply into it.
I loved the school very much and had some teachers who
inspired me. I was all set later to go to Yale in
inter-disciplinary studies but I got a Fulbright
scholarship in music and went to Europe. Afterwards
I never got back to art, But I was involved in both
music and art up to the 60's. I couldn't keep up both.
But after a hard day, things didn't go right, or after
a nightmare of a premiere, I think about how nice it is
to do a painting - when it's done, it's done, no one has
to play it for you! That's it.
I like being in a College of Arts though. I like seeing
art around. I do miss fine theater and dance however.
I think more highly of dance than music. I wish they
were a part of the college here. We're a lopsided
college. ..primarily visual.
I used to be an accompanist for a modern dance group,
and I wrote music for them. I did try to get up and
dance for awhile - but I'm terribly stiff. I have a
real passion for modern dance. It freaks me out, more
than music. I find most concerts dull - classic concerts,
mainly. They've lost contact with life. A rock group
usually puts on a little show, a little theater - whatever -
but you really feel the life of those people on stage.
It's more than just the music. But at a classical con-
cert it's just the music in its purity. I love it at
rock concerts, people get up an walk out! or dance or
sing along! They're alive! But audiences at classical
concerts are dead bodies. No one moves a hair. They're
prohibited from participating in anyway at all.
Michael: In classical music the listeners are observers. In rock
and roll they are participators. The more the audience
gets into the music, the harder the band plays.
Luti: That's right, there's feedback. Classical music was
functional, maybe not as violently at a rock concert -
but let's say a Bach Cantada. It was functional within
a church service. In a sense it was a form of theater
formality and participation. But if you have the SMU
chorus get on stage and sing that same cantada, stiff
and, "proper": meaningless!! It's a dull experience!
Michael: One thing we're trying to do in this interview is show
a bit of Mr. Luti - the man, rather than Mr. Luti - the
professor that SMU knows. Many people say you can't
separate the man from the job - but there usually is a
line drawn. What's it like outside of SMU for you?
Luti: I do refer to SMU as my job. It is a job. Well, when
I have large chunks of time, I compose music - in the
summer, winter vacation. I have hobbies. They change
from year to year. For 3 summers now I've been heavy
into gravestone rubbings. I have a large collection out
on loan. I've done a fair amount of research into the
symbolism and styles, the social and economic situations
of the different periods. That lead to reading the
poetry of the era and learning about the religious ideas
For two summers I was into mushrooms. ..when I was in
Connecticut., .in school. I was absolutely broke. It
was Eden though. I had shot all my savings on graduate
school. So I got into a sort of Euell Gibbons thing.
I learned about mushrooms, wildflowers... edible plants...
to cut down on my expenses.
Before that I collected antiques for awhile. My hobbies
change from year to year.
Michael : You've talked about the transition of SMU in the past
four years, courses and faculty. Have you seen a dif-
ference in the students?
Luti: Yeah, I have. I'm happy about it in some ways, but not
in other ways. I came here in '71. By then the crest
of "the movement" was beginning to wind down. But
there was still quite a bit of action going on at SMU.
When I compare that body of students to the students
I have now, the difference is shattering.
Michael: In what way?
Luti: Well, they were more fun then... (general laughter)
They wouldn't come to class. ..they wouldn't do the
work. ..they could care less about grades, classes, finals.,
now of course it's just the opposite. I actually have
classes where the attendance is incredible. They sit
there terrified week after week, do all the assignments,
all take the final, and want to know 'when are the grades
gunna be posted?' nobody ever asked that four years ago
I had more incompletes then!
Michael : You say they didn't care less, but I get the feeling
from you that they cared about something else, maybe
something more important -
Luti: Yes, their minds were on other things and they saw
their classes as perhaps augmenting what ever needs
they had but the central, focus was not "necessarily on the
class. Whereas now it is of course. "The grind" is
now the average student. I'm a little sad seeing these
students just grind away. They don't seem to really
think about things outside. I don't think people were
just having a good time in '71. Maybe they were, I
Michael: No, I think it was a lot more than just a good time.
I think it really meant something.
Luti: They were concerned.
Michael : Sure, we talked about this recently - around that time
there were lots of individuals who really seemed to be
searching for their so-called "meaning" in life. They
weren't letting anyone tell them what it was. Whereas, I
almost get the feeling from the new student today that
he wants to be handed everything.
Luti: He wants a program.
Michael: Right, whether inside it's right for him or not, but
because someone with authority says it is right, they
Luti: It's inconceivable that we'd have a bomb threat over
there anymore, (laughter)
It's out of place now. However, I do appreciate the
fact that students who do take music now, take it
seriously with efforts towards a full understanding
of the material. They try to build a real program
for their musical education.
Michael : During the turmoil period at SMU were you involved
in the politics at all?
Luti: No, I wasn't, thank God. The first year I came I kept
my eyes and ears closed. I stayed away from everything
- in fact I was very hard to find. It really was a
turmoil and I didn't want that disruption. I had a
job to do. Now I'm much more involved in meetings,
the dept. and other activities.
Michael : There used to be a definite closeness between students
and faculty in the old days. Do you find that today
Luti: I see students informally outside of class. More often
then not it's because of musical interests. There'll
be a concert that I feel would benefit these particular
students so I'll drag them out. .There used to be a
much larger stream of students thru my home here - like
last summer we ran a little music festival of our own.
But they always turned into parties. I had to give it
up because it was getting expensive! I think there is
a point where you are still a teacher with them. I
don't particularly think of them as friends in the sense
of close friends. I think of them as friends, but as
student friends. It'^ a mutual trust. It brings them
here, out of school. But I like to get away from them too.
I have turtles out here, and rabbits to communicate with.
I love the woods and outdoors.
Chris: Well, I guess we'll wrap up the interview by telling
you that we're planning to dedicate the book to you.
Luti: You're kidding! Oh, that's great! Oh, I'm so proud
of that! Marvelous. I'm delighted
Michael: I think part of the inspiration behind that is that there
is a definite warm feeling, even from people who don't
know you. When they go walking thru a corridor and see
you with 20 or 30 students, with all their instruments,
having one hell of a time together.
Luti: Oh, I make those kids get right out there, right where
the traffic is - I want the school to know that music
is here at SMU. I made the chorus get up in front of
the Film Series audience one night to sing. It's
publicity. I feel like a publicity agent. My immediate
needs are to get that dept. some recognition, and
get it somewhere. ..and it has in the past four years.
It's got a long way to go, and a hell of a lot of work.
But it's fun. That's it. ..and by the way, I like my
job! I like my job. O.K.?
I call our world flatland. To make its nature clearer to
you who are privelidged to live in space, imagine a vast plane
on which lines, triangles and other figures move at will, yet
without the power to sind into or rise above their level.
Living in such a country nothing is or can be visible to us
except straight lines, ...eh, should a person approach his line
becomes larger, if he retreats, it dwindles, you see - yet a
circle or a square he still looks like a straight line to us,
and nothing else. Now our women are straight lines. Our
soldiers and lowest classes of workmen are Isoceles triangles
which also have at their vertices a very sharp and formidable
angle. Our middle class consists of equilateral trinales and
squares - eh - to which class belong, heh, heh. Our
gentlemen are five-sided figures or pentagons. When the number
of sides becomes so numerous that the figures cannot be
distinguished from a circle, they are included in the Circular,
or Priestly Order - and this of course is the highest class of all.
Irregularity of figure means the same to us as a combination
of moral degeneracy and criminality with you in spaceland. When
the irregular comes of age, he presents himself for inspection.
If he is found to exceed the fixed margin of deviation he is
either destroyed or else innured in the government retension ward
of the 7th class.
How shall I make clear to you the extreme difficulty which
we in Flatland experience in recognizing one another? To be
sure, our hearing is one simple means of recognition, but we
cannot altogether trust to this method. A second method is
therefore most important -feeling - heh, heh, now, you see
the sense of touch enables us to distinguish angles with fine
precision and it's a critical test of recognition not only
between strangers, but as to the class. For instance, ah, Mr.
Wintistolet permit me to ask you to feel, and be felt, by Mr.
Sprogle - yes there you see - that's it. You see, I'm trying
to explain to you, how I came to be in my present, um, - absurd(!)
position! You see, it was all a misunderstanding!! It really was-
let's see, it was the, what was it now? the last day but one
of the nineteen hundred ninety-ninth year of our era and I was
sitting in the company of my dear wife, discussing geometry
and arithmetic with my youngest grandson - a most promising
"Oh Grandpappa, if a moving point constructs a line,
and a moving line constructs a square, what does a moving square
"Nothing at all, nothing at all!" I said, "you see, for
geometry is only two dimentions!"
"Grandpappa, ah, if one may picture the number 3 squared as
a square, how may one picture 3 cubed?"
"I've already explained it, you-stupid hexagon you - " and
then a line appeared to us from nowhere and said, "The boy is
not a fool/three cubed has an obvious geometrical meaning!"
"How comes this woman here?" said my grandson, and I replied
"What makes you think this stranger is a woman?"
"Feeling is believing - permit me madam, to feel and be
felt by - ah - oh - uh - um - oh - oh!! Oh Lord, it's not a
woman! It's NOT a woman. Can it be that I have so misbehaved
to a perfect circle!??! This circle, who was really a sphere,
although we were quite ignorant of it then replied,
"I am indeed, in a certain sense, a circle. I am many
circles in one."
"I'm terribly sorry, I didn't realize...."
"Oh it's alright - don't worry - have you felt me enough
sir?" I had joined in to check this stranger out -
"Oh!" I said "Oh, he's right, most, most illustrious
sir!! Please EXCUSE my indiscression! Would you deem to satisfy
As you from Spaceland would see from above—that's me, the large black square.
The other two squares are Mr. Wintistolet and Mr. Sprogle feeling each other-
remember we're only seeing lines. In the corner you see my grandson, the hexagon.
Our friend the sphere is discribing himself here— how he looks like a circle to
me as he decends through the plane of my country Flatland.
Of course it was most confusing to me!!
the curiosity of one who would like to know from whence his visitor
came??" eee-pop!! The sphere moved as youl would say, "up",
yet he spoke to us as thought he were still there in front of us!
"From space, from space, Sir! WhenceelseM Define SPACE!"
"Ah-right! Um, space, my lord is length and width
indefinately prolonged!" I stuttered as he appeared again
seemingly from nowhere!
"You think it is of two dimensions only, but I have come
to announce a third: height! Height!
"What? Northward?" I said puzzeled.
"No, no! Not Northward! Upward! Out of Flatland
"Um - I still do not comprehend!" This stranger was
certainly very strange.
"When I cut through your plane I make a section which you
rightly see as a circle. Now I will rise out of your plane and
my circle will become smaller and smaller until it dwindles to
a point and vanishes. Now watch". ...eee-pop! "There!"
"Aggh! monster! Kill him - eek! Where'd he go??!!"
"Why do you refuse to listen to reason!? Then meet your
fate! Out of Flatland you go and into the world of three
dimensions " The sphere kicked me in this peculiar direction of
"upward" and suddenly there I was, drifting in a strange place
and I could see my own Flatland, and it looked so vastly
"Oh! Impossible! Ah - my countrymen - agguh! I see
their insides! Either this is madness or it is hell!"
"Tis neither - it is knowledge! It is three dimensions.
Follow me, now, I must introduce you to solids. Behold this
multitude of movable square cards, see? I put one on another.
I'm building up a solid. Now, see? The solid is complete
and we call it a CUBE."
"Pardon me, my lord, me thinks I see no solid but only
an irregular figure!"
"True, it appears to you a plane because you're not
accustomed to shade and perspective. But in reality it is
"Pardon me - uh - thou, whom I must no longer address as
the, uh, perfection of all beauty,"
"My Lord, your own wisdom has taught me to aspire to one
even more great - one above you! Who combines many spheres into
one single existance! Take me now on the second journey into
the blessed region of the fourth dimension!"
"There is no such land. The very idea is inconceivable!!!"
"Oh, and in that blessed region of the fourth dimension
shall we linger on the threshold of the fifth? and not enter
therein! And, oh-no, oh no indeed! Let us soar to the
sixth, the seventh, the eighth! and even the - aggh - eek -
oh!" suddenly I was no longer in space. I had been thrust,
rather abruptly back into Flatland, back into my home!
crash! bang!! 'uh (???) ah, (!) there you are. ..now you ...ah...
scamp, you...ah...heh, heh, ahem, Now yesterday you were trying to
make me believe a square made by some motion, ah, upwards produced
another figure. A sort of, ah, extra square in three dimensions.
Un - would you say that again you young rascal, heh, heh - "
"Oh, dear Grandpappa, that was only my fun. I don't
think I said anything about a third dimension! How silly it
is - heh, ha ha ha..."
"Heh, heh - you scamp you - no it's not at all silly
you see, I take this square and, let's see, I move it not
northward but, up. Not northward but upward..." I spoke
to my community, tried to explain this new motion to them:
"...not northward, but upward,"
"Nonsense, what do you mean by those words!?" - "No-"
"Well, I suppose it's your way of saying northward and
Here I am floating helplessly in your land of three dimensions. ..ahem. .I'm
right below the sphere as you can see. He's showing me the "cube" and
various other shapes. Most strange!!!
This is my imaginings of the dimensions beyond the second and the third
I am trying so hard to explain a cube to my community friends— that's
me in the center— but alas, none understand or even believe me H
— Well, they'll have to go on in ignorance untill some wandering
sphere drops in on them !!
"Ah, not so, not so indeed!" I said. "There is another
"Exibit it to me then if you please, this motion!"
"Yes let's see it". "He's a phoney - grab him!"
"Get him!" "Catch him quick!" Squabble squabble - ho
hum, poor me, captured and dragged off to our highest priestly
"You're charged with seditious and heretical actions arising
from the profession of a belief IN and attempted preaching TO
others of the third dimension. Can you perhaps indicate the
direction which you mean when you use the words UPWARD not
"I take this square, let's see if this's right - and I move
it, you see, I move it. ..upward. ..not northward.. but. ..uh..
upward. ..up - I just, ah... move it up.. My Lords, I can
say nothing more!"
"In that case I have no choice but to sentence you to
Seven years have elapsed and I am still a prisoner.
Even my brother, whom I see in weekly interviews, has not yet
grasped the nature of the third dimension. Even now, I cannot
honestly say that I am confident as to the exact shape
of a cube! And there are moments when even this hard wall that
bars me from my freedom and all the substantial realities of
Flatland itself, appear no better than the baseless fabric of a
Here I am recieving sentence form the High Priest— you recall the
that our highest class is a circle— Those small triangles behind me are
the guards— ah-h-h— they have such sharp points!!
This is the sound track from a short animated film on
vidio tape availible for viewing at the SMU library. I
first saw it as part of class homework in George Mellor's
Structural Representation course. I felt it was worthy of
inclusion in the book. —ed.
And finally, this is my prison cell, guarded by day and night
All this because my fellow countrymen feared that I would
spread the rare knowledge that was revealed to me so unexpectedly...
Chris: I want to ask you why you suggested having an
interview of me in this book?
George: Well, because I think the function of the University
is to encourage the development of individuals who
are persons. ..persons, with their unique interests and
unique inspirations. In the case of one who serves the
University in a function such as being an editor, I
think it would be useful and beneficial for students
to know that person. That person has a unique function,
having volunteered themselves to coordinate more or
less a statement or commentary on what University life
meant. Correct? And I'm sure that the students would
be interested in knowing this person from an inside
viewpoint. ..what drove her on toward this. ..where is
she coming from and where is she going to? So let me
ask you first of all, how's it feel to be a graduate of
Chris: Well, I don't feel that I've severed my ties yet
because I am still working on the book. I feel almost
like this book is symbolically a sum total of where I'm
at right now as SMU "releases" me into the world at
large. Even now, so close to the finish, I have urges
to take the book back for another year and re-organize
it. I spent a lot of time thinking about the book
before I started. I made many notes and plans. But
as you go along something you want falls thru and you
have a gap in the order so you have to find other things
to fill it. So after doing the book all year I :ve
decided the best way to put a book together is to gather
what material you can all year and at the end of the
year take what you've been able to gather and lay it out
in the most appropriate order. See, I've already passed
in a good portion of the book to the publisher — which
they'd like you to do because they can get it set and
out of the way — but if I had that now I would change
the order because what I had then and was planning to
get, I haven't necessarily gotten now. Things have
changed, been added or subtracted. My ideas have
George: So you feel that you have learned immeasurably more as
an editor of the yearbook and entertaining those
responsibilities than if you merely passed thru school
without that commitment? Was that a commitment to learn
more about the University that was molding your life?
Chris: Yes, you're the editor and you have to put together a
statement about the year. You have to decide from what
angle you're going to approach it — are you going to do
a strictly visual interpretation of say daily events,
activities, the architecture, the classes, teachers or
are you going to approach the book on a traditional
level, following formats set years ago of what a yearbook
should be — or an academic stance — or your own thing —
which has been done at SMU in yearbooks. Some very
individual, independent books have come out of the
I tried to put together a variety of peoples' thinking modes
for the book. That's one reason why I did many interviews.
For the most part it is easier to get people to talk to me,
than sit down and write something for the book. Interviews
of administration and faculty have been used as text in
yearbooks, but Albie Gagliardi, editor for the 1974 yearbook,
put it to use on students, as well and utilizing very
edited comments came up with a series of personal
remarks about SMU. I thought it was an excellent
idea and chose to continue student interviews. I felt
that by interviewing people — getting them to talk —
you would get a real feel for where people were at in
their final year of schooling. I tried to keep
editing down to a minimum to avoid out of context
comments. Some people come off sounding very flakey,
some ordinary, academic or philosophical. But I
tried to get them to talk about their feelings toward
life. ..where their head was at, at this point in time.
I strived to emphasize what people are thinking and
feeling now to hopefully provide memories of these
times to the reader — this year's graduate — some
10 or 20 years hence. There's an article "The State
of the Union" — one man's view of our country —
I thought it was relevant as a description of where
the country is right now. Another article on toilets
is a push for ecology, which is a concern of today.
Maybe it'll provoke someone into action. Maybe there
won't be an ecology problem in 25 years and somebody'll
pick up the book and say — "Oh yeah, remember the
ecology problem?" — memories.
I tried to put things together that people could observe
and would maybe think about — if only more about what
their fellow student thought.
George: O.K., let me ask you, were you frustrated by not
being able to include materials or 'evidence' that
you would've liked to?
Chris: Oh, yes. Sometimes people would promise things and
keep me hanging til the end and then fall through.
That was a drag. Sometimes I'd screw up on something.
I came into the position of editor cold. I was asked
and immediately refused, "Oh, no, I have taken too
much on as it is!" The advantages and benefits were
presented to me and I was persuaded. So, I did it.
But I had never run an organization — I had to learn
the ropes. I spent a lot of time fumbling and
learning how to get things together. There's things
I wish I'd spent more time on.
George: How about staff problems — were you able to find
sufficient help and support?
Chris: No, this has been a problem for years with the Yearbook,
which is why in some cases very independent,
individualistic Yearbooks have come out of SMU. Very
little student input — it's hard to get students to
help. I can remember a couple of years ago I would've
never helped. I was too wrapped up in my own thing.
I guess I was too much of a snob — elitist or something.
I was too tied up in my own projects to open up to this"
sort of community effort. ..and it should be a sort of
community effort. But I find, after having run it now,
that it becomes an individual effort because there is
not that much help. The input, and objections
especially, tend to come after the publication is out,
which is unfortuante. I advertised a lot for photographs
and writing — for money! I did find someone half way
thru the year who I persuaded to h elp me.
George: Who was this?
Chris: Jeff Faria of course, a cartoonist whose work you see
occasionally in the Torch. He took a lot of small
things off my hands as well as some large time-consuming
y*u* &4&z, JkOiviiuueit Jy 6t0i#tnoM*tt
projects. ..and of course he's added some humor.
George: Well now, you've mentioned that the students you feel
were not as supportive and cooperative as you would
have liked. Now how does the administration and the
faculty fare in that respect? Did you find them
Chris: As far as interviews go — yeah. I had no problem
finding people to sit down and talk to among the
administation — students were a bit shy of the
taperecorder. Many wouldn't be interviewed.
George: Who was your advisor?
Chris: Howard Glasser. He came over now and then and
commented primarily on the artistic aspects of the
book — layout patterns, type, alignment and such.
He pretty much let me go as I pleased which I felt was
right, but always gave me his opinions. He didn't
really get a good idea of the head content of the book
mainly because it was wound up on tape in interviews,
or in articles I hadn't received. He really doesn't
have a full idea of what kind of head thing I was
going into and overall I feel there is more head work
in the book than artwork. Originally I was going to
make it arty and more visual design oriented which is
my major, and yet I haven't done that fully. It's
sort of like my personality I guess which is arty but
also varied, complex — confusing at times and not
necessarily very well organized.... As a symbolic art
element I was working off of a theme of formality and
informality right down to the point of using flush
left and ragged right on the type setting. Flush
being the formal and ragged being in informal. The
hierarchy in a University is very formal — our
architecture, with it's straight lines is very formal —
yet informal in the layout of space — oddball
cubbyholes and stairwells that lead to unexpected
places. The people have to be considered informal
because they are all separate entities, varied — the
students are the grafitti of SMU. All that I've
tried to incorporate in the book.
George: Do you have any further feelings about SMU as an
Chris: I think that the University has a long way to go to
be totally integrated with its various parts so that
it will function cohesively. There are incredible
things on campus that could be utilized more fully
if they were available to more people. ..the electronic
composing machine in the Torch Office could cover all
the school's type-setting needs and bring in money
doing outside work if it were run independently with
its own manager and full-time typists. ..The computers
in Group 1 1 could probably be rigged up to do all
sorts of things for the school. ..the audio visual
dept. is probably the best equipped dept. on campus
and the most obscure and least utilized. There are
so many things kids can get involved in and grow
from just in the Student Union building — like
working on a yearbook, or the paper or getting
involved in campus politics. There is a beautiful
gymnasium and pool, sports.
I feel there's a definite gap in communications and
interrelations on campus. Things aren't blending
and benefiting each other. They're separate — and
become isolated. There are a lot of cliques on campus.
I've been very worried that I'd become very isolated
on a small segment of the SMU population in the
yearbook, but I tried to break out of that. I know
the Art College very well and I could've easily
covered it in depth but I couldn't have come close
to accurately picturing the Engineering dept. or
the Nurses. So I chose to cover their thoughts more
than their situations.
George: Let me ask you as an editor, and having an overview
of the student body — do you recognize certain groups
among the students with different problems, for
instance there's a Black Student Union on campus
which feels it has almost a separate identity, but
there must also be other factions of students on
campus which you either feel you were able to reach or.,
they must have their view on the University.
Chris: Well, I'm one person and there are what? 4,000 kids
on campus? and dozens of organizations and groups.
I can't cover everything or get everyone's personal
view — a lot of people wouldn't give it to me when
I asked — I have to rely on some help or input from
people and groups. So when people took an effort to
bring me things they were interested in having in their
yearbook, it usually got in. But if I went ahead and
asked someone or some group "hey listen, I'm the
editor of your yearbook — I'm trying to get input from
people — what are you doing, thinking — anything to
cover"— and I got little response, then what I could
do became more limited.
George: Yeah, time and energy and cooperation —
Chris: The other thing is that I was into it up to my ears —
I was very aware of the 1975 yearbook. Lots of people
go "ah? Oh the Yearbook..."
George: That's another topic that provokes a question: was it
a struggle dealing with attitudes toward the yearbook?
For instance someone might ask why a yearbook? What
would you answer?
Chris: People want a yearbook. Many people come to my office
"When is the yearbook coming out? Do we have to pay
for it?" They are concerned about getting it. You'd
be surprised how many people were concerned about
whether or not they were getting a hard cover. Really!
I couldn't believe how major a concern that was to
most people. When they heard it was gonna be hard
cover they thought it was great. They forget about the
George: Is the content of this yearbook aimed at providing a
spectrum for the average student to review and
Chris: I hope so. There's an extensive club section which I
hope will provide memories for those many many students
involved in those activities. I would've preferred
many candids for each club but time and space allotments
made it impractical.
I was concentrating on a spectrum of people and ideas
more so than actual daily events, dances — campus
activities. Those things are passed over and forgotten
more readily than people and ideas. Those things
generally mean less than people and ideas - I think.
So I was very much interested in interviews. I think
the selection of interviewees is varied and the!
interviews themselves vary —...mine tend to be lengthy
and detailed. I was trying to direct people toward
their thoughts on life and living — what they feel.
Jeff's often have a humorous bend, Jim Collins' are
pretty much whatever the person said upon immediate
encounter (which certainly can tell you something)
and some people just rambled on without any prompting
George: Perhaps now we should shift more toward your personal
interests. You majored in Visual Design at SMU,
you've graduated, and you'll be entering the world as
a degreed individual. Will that make any difference
Chris: No, not to me. School I think is valuable. I wouldn't
be surprised if sometime in the future I did more campu
be surprised if sometime in the future I did more campus
studying. However, I expect my life to be a schooling
process. A university is valuable to a person who desires
learning because it is pushing knowledge. Not that
knowledge is unavailable elsewhere, but it is in a
concentrated academic form on campus.
George: What were some of your interests while you were at
SMU? You mentioned jewelry making as being more than
just a course. You are interested in music and
mentioned antiques as well.
Chris: I've always been a person very much wrapped up in my
hands. I like to make things. I like to draw, make
things from leather or wood — I like to play the
guitar which requires both hands. Jewelry making
fell in as a favorite of my crafts quite easily. I
collected rocks as a youngster, and polished gems and
semi-precious stones seem to be only a refined version
of my childhood interests.
Antiques. ..I became interested in them from living in
this area. This is the cradle of American antique
heritage. My family has always felt you should get
into whatever is available in a particular area. My
father was in the Navy and we moved almost every two
years. On the Pacific Islands we had nothing but a
lot of ocean, so we collected sea shells, and made
our furniture from native woods. In Southern
California there was a lot of barren hills and desert
terrain so we became campers and did some gold mining
in the hills. We got into rock collecting and
rattlesnakes. When we came back East we found
antiques — so my parents ended up in the Antique
business and I changed from loving split-level
houses with huge picture windows overlooking the
Pacific, to 18th century houses with 2 ft. wide floor
boards, square nails, vegetable gardens and antique
clothes. I love antique furniture now. There's
a care and a quality of craftsmanship that is lacking
in modern stuff. It's hand-made by an individual
who cared. Back to hands again...
George: Do you invision yourself always involved with antiques?
Chris: Oh, definitely. Right now there's a business aspect
to it. Michael makes a living buying and selling
them, so we survive thru antiques. My parents are
antique dealers. Antiques may not always be a
survival aspect of our lives but always a part. I
love them. I love the quality and the individual
feelings they give to you.
George: But that interest also competes with an interest in
music — what would you say about that.
Chris: Well, one occupies my eyes and the other my ears.
Besides I have antique guitars to blend the two
interests. I must admit however, that lately I
have neglected my guitars for other activities.
George: I was very impressed with your comment of making
the most of wherever you are. In that regard would
you comment upon this region?
Chris: Well, a ntiques and American Heritage is primarily what
I also found a difficulty adjusting socially to this
area. I was in high school when I came here and I
was seeking friends among people who had known each
other for their entire lifetime. My Navy background
was very different from their New England upbringing
and I became frustrated. Michael and I have talked
about it and decided maybe it was a fundamental
difference in communication styles: Navy mentality
turned off the New England mentality and vice versa.
Anyway, I became rather introverted as a result. When
I came to SMU I was still suffering from this closure.
I had few friends and very select interests. I always
felt close to my instructors but rarely was interested
in fellow students. A lot of those barriers, I'm glad
to say have left me and I'm much more open to what my
fellow students have to offer.
George: Did SMU make a difference in your life?
Chris: Oh yeah, I felt I had many teachers who were very
worthwhile and taught me a great deal about both the
world around me and myself. Even those with whom
I had negative encounters I couldn't forget. They were
probably more instrumental in breaking down hang-ups
and barriers thanthose positive encounters. The
discomfort of a negative encounter lasts longer
and provokes more thought in me.
George: Would you comment upon choosing Mr. Luti
for the '75 dedication?
Chris: | feel he is a very sincere individual. That
sincerity and his warmth I wish were more common
to find. His efforts toward passing along whatever
knowledge he may have to benefit another are endless.
He has worked hard to develop and improve his talents.
His striving as an individual toward making himself
better are not for ego reasons, but rather because
he cares about himself and the world around him.
That caring and concern he has is evident in people
that know him, that feel that warmth when thinking
of Mr. Luti. People love him. Any anyone who can
evoke love and warmth in people is worth recognition, o
The charge to the Senior Class. ..that is the tradional
responsibility. ..a pleasant one, but believe me, a very heavy
one. I do it with all due humility. What can one say to a class
of this distinction, facing the problems this class will face,
in five minutes?
W.C. Fields, according to a story probably apocryphal, was
once told by his doctor: "Mr. Fields, if you don't stop drinking
so much, before very long you're going to be completely deaf."
And W.C. Fields was supposed to have said: "Well, Doctor, what
I've been drinking is a lot better than what I've been hearing."
In our brief time together I'd like to reflect on three
things I've been hearing that I regard as myth and in this brief
charge to the Senior Class hope that you will disabuse yourselves
of three myths. First, that our problems as a society are totally
unsolvable. We've gotten to the place where it's almost un-American
to imply that our problems have a solution, and that the world is
not in decay, because in some way that gets translated as "the
problems are not important," and indeed they are important and
critical and of great mangituile. But it is a myth that they are
Joan Cook says, in her book: "The most resourceful and in-
telligent creature who ever walked the paths of this frail planet
has lost his way - a victim not of hostile gods or of angry nature,
but of his own dark myths and pessimism. Man is being diminished
by his own brains. His very survival is in doubt because of his
surrender to a belief that he's no longer competent to mold his
Our problems, and they are great ones, problems of the cities,
of poverty, of racial discrimination, of crime, of pollution are
very serious probems. But when we say they are unsolvable, we put them
outside ourselves as though we had no responsibility for them. We
can solve all of our problems if we are willing to pay the price
and make the effort. If we accept the view that they are unsolvable,
then we won't try.
Edmund Bacon reminds us we are in danger of losing one of the
most important concepts of mankind: that the Future is what we make
Myth number two: that pessimism is the more realistic point
of view than optimism. You know— events don't carry their own
interpretation - some of the most optimistic philosophies in human
history have come out of the periods of social turmoil, of social
change, of social piobems. It's not that pessimism isn't justified,
it's that pessimism won't sustain us. Men move by hope, not by
Oliver Wendell Holmes reminds us that the greatest thing in
this world is not so much where we stand as the direction we are
going, and our feel for that direction, gives us purpose and gives
our struggles meaning.
Third myth - that mankind is not to be trusted. John Gardner
once commented: "The foes of freedom are still ready to argue
that the lunruliness , the sloth and the savage self-indulgence of
men make a Free society simply impractical."
The world is full of people who believe that men need a master.
In general, those ages that have underrated and belittled humankind,
have tended to be periods of repression and human frustration.
The democratic view and the deep faith that sustains us, and has
historically and will in the future, is that everycni- has inside
himself a piece of Good News.
As Vandermeer Bush reminds us: "There was no compassion in
the world until man brought it, nor was there beauty or virtue until
man thought it so."
On balance, the record of mankind - while we have had many
love affairs with foolishness - gives no ground for surrender or
despair. And I have a personal reason for hoping that you'll
persevere, because it will be your effort that will make a better
world for all of us, including the one I hope to continue living in.
Now having said all that, I'd like to end with a little story,
and the Final point - in the television show "Laugh In!" there
was a little sketch in which Arte Johnson plays the role of the
prince, Dan Rowan of the Grand Vizir, and Ruth Buzzi is stretched
out on a couch. The scene opens and Arte Johnson says "oh-boy-oh-boy!
Now let's see if I've got this right! All I have to do is kiss the
Princess and wake her up and I get half the Kingdom!" And the
Grand Vizir nods and says: "That is right." And Arte Johnson
grabs Ruth Buzzi's hand and says "this broad is dead!" And
Dan Rowan nods solemnly and says: "I didn't say it was going to
be easy." d
PAjUidMOf- TOaJJrtAb 6AadusMm S/uacA. Quau /S*L /WT*
Dr. William Manchester, noted author and historian, who
gained acclaim after the publication of his novel ," Death
of a President", was the guest lecturer at the Second Annual
Honors convocation Banquet of SMU, held Tuesday, June 3rd
at the Venus De Milo restaurant in Swansea.
I think I sholild open with a warning. You took a certain
risk in asking me here. The last time I spoke to a large academic
audience in Massachusetts was at a commencement at Amherst. As
I approached the scaffold - ah - lectern - the sky was darkening
ominously overhead. One of the recipients of Honorary Degrees
was Richard Cardinal Cushing. When I came to his name in the
salutation I impulsively added after it: "into whose hands I
entrust the weather for the next 50 minutes." Whereupon the
skies opened. Afterwards his eminence left the platform without
speaking to me. So from your invitation for me to speak here this
evening I can only infer an institutional death wish.
Before we can put America in perspective, we have to put the
world in perspective, and here I believe thu most striking polit-
ical fact of our time is the decline of sovereign nation states,
of which we are one. It was Toynby who called the spirit of
nationalism, of patriotism "a sour ferment of the new wine of
democracy, and the old bottles of tribalism." More recently
he suggested that 1945 was a watershed year ending 4Y 2 centuries
in which the nations of Europe struggled through round after
round of wars to prevent any one of them from dominating the others.
If this is true, then Americans of my generation have witnessed the
end of one of history's great cycles, one which began with the
completion of the medieval phase, when the consciouness of the
West was pre-occupied with super-national institutions - the
Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy - and which ended with the arrival
of complex technology - nuclear weapons, the collapse of tradi-
tional imperialism and the birth of a Third World.
I think we can trace, in our own lives, the shrinking of
nationalist passion. A generation ago patriotic holidays were
taken far more seriously then they are today. Today a h oliday
merely means a longer weekend. Americans are less aware of the
eagle and the flag than their predecessors were, and from time
to time this is remarked upon in letters to the editor. What
correspondents fail to note is that Englishmen are less proud
of being British, that the Germans are less Teutonic, and the
French less Gallic. The jingo-ism is on the decline everywhere
except in the newest of the emerging nations, where it is taken as a
sign of immaturity.
This is a mighty scene change, it will not be completed in
our lifetime. Mankind will continue to live and work, in our time,
within the framework of 140 odd nation-states of which the most
powerful will probably continue to be' the United States.
If there has to be a number one, America, in my view, is best.
I say this not only b ecause I am a creature of my youth and be-
cause jingo-ism was bred into the marrow of my bones, but because
I believe the proposition is defendable on other grounds.
The United States, in this last quarter of the 20th century,
is more than a nation-state, more than a country, more than a
super-power. There has never been a civilization like it. It is
really a civilization in itself. Whitehead defines a
civilization in spiritual terms. And Christopher Dawson declared
that "behind every great civilization, there is a vision." The
American vision, I believe, is that of the open society, suffering
dissent to the last limit of the endurable.
It is characteristic of primitive society that they tolerate
no non-conformity, whatever . America is the other way around.
I can remember that as a young political reporter in the early I950's,
I covered a trial in West Virginia. One of the witnesses was a
college president. He was asked for his definition of America.
And he replied that, to him, it meant the right to be different.
That right was in jeopardy during those years of course, but the
occasional demogogue is one of the prices we pay for our openness.
If liberty is to signify anything substantial , it must shield
under it's broad tent the genuinely unpopular champions of causes
which thoughtful men and women regard as reprehensible. Any
people can cheer an Eisenhower, a John Glenn, a Neil Armstrong.
It takes generosity of spirit to suffer the Weathermen who baited
LBJ, the Birchers who hated JFK, the Liberty Leaguers who heckled
FDR, and the McCarth-ites who threatened liberty itself.
The theory justifying such tolerance is that if dangerous
men are given enough rope, they eventually will hang themselves.
In my experience it was most sternly tested by Joe McCarthy. I
was a Washington correspondent in those days, and there were
times when I doubted that America would ever catch on to how cyn-
ically it was being aroused. The answer, which was a triumph to
the system, came in the Army-McCarthy hearings of 1954.
Subtler disadvantages of our society are harder to justify.
One dividendof openness is violence. We live in the only civ-
ilized society to permit the private ownership of firearms. There
are between 50 and 100 million rifles and pistols in the United
States of America, in American homes. Three million of them are
in Los Angeles alone, which makes the citizens of L.A. more heavily
armed than those of Saigon. There are 77 homocides in this country
for every one in Japan, England and Wales combined. And more
Americans have died at the muzzles of privately owned guns in the
20th centry than in all U.S. wars beginning with the Revolution.
To say that this is unreasonable is a shattering understatement.
To call it a legacy of the frontier is a cliche. I believe it is
a reflection of national indulgence and forbearance.
Just as we tend to overlook the excesses of agitators, so are
we reluctant to sanction government intervention in American homes,
even when, as in this case, human lives are at stake.
There is a fallacy here, and I'm sure you have spotted it.
Rights are often in conflict. In this case the right to bear arms,
if indeed it exists, and the right to life and security. An open
society tends to favour those who are most aggressive in the ex-
ercise of their presumed privileges, which is not the same thing
as the most deserving.
Another glaring conflict lies between the right to be in-
formed and the right to privacy. The right to privacy is taking
it's lumps these days. The number of people who are prepared to
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assert it is steadily diminishing. Recently we all saw a California
family which permitted television camera men to film, for a mass
audience, the most anguished and confidential of its relationships.
And hardly anyone hangs up on pollsters who ask personal questions
anymore. Most extroadinary of all is the broaching of the most
personal barrier of all - the one guarding sexual matters.
A lot of carnal knowlege is being acquired in laboratories,
observed by scientists holding stop watches and other things. The
most famous of them are Dr. William H. Masters and Virginia E.
Johnson of the Reproductive Biology Research Foundation in St. Louis.
Their most remarkable piece of equipment was, until it was dismantled
recently, an electrically powered plastic penis with a tiny camera
inside and a light illumination to allow observation and recording
of what was happening inside the vagina. The size of the artificial
phallus can be adjusted, and the woman using it could adjust the depth
and speed of thrust. Inevitably, it inspired several novels. The
best of the, I think, was Robert Carl's "Venus Examined," which
appeared in 1968. At the end of it, our disillisioned heroine
returns to the sex laboratory, demolishes the plastic phallus,
and is electrocuted.
Another quite different consequence of openness is the Balkan-
ization of society, the cleavages between Americans. We are less
united than we were a generation ago, and the divisions multiply.
Let me deal, briefly with just one of those categories -- that of
age. To do so, I must briefly touch on the generation gap, an
illustration which may have special meaning for you.
David Reisman puts the emergence of the youth sub-culture
at 1935. I think it came a little later than that, with the rise
of the so-called "latch-key" generation during World War II.
Mother was often working in the bomber plants. The child, return-
ing from school, found the key to the home under the doormat. Often
there was some money with it. Affluence was returning to America.
From that custom grew an economic colossus - today's youth market,
with it's own fashions, it's own music, and in one California
community - it's own shopping center including a teenagers bank.
If you look up the word "teenage" in a I930's dictionary,
spelled that way, but pronounced differently, you will find that
it, meant "brushwood for fences and hedges." In its present
sense, it did not appear in the New York Times until January of
A notable aspect of this generational apartheid is its impact
on the communications industry. We now have different radio sta-
tions for different age groups. Some play rock, while others offer
something odiously called "memory music." Adults go to adult
movies, small children to Saturday matinees, and adolescents
to films made of, by, and for adolescents. Individual movies are
far better than anything that was screened in the I930's. But
motion pictures no longer serve as a social unifier. That was pre-
cisely the role they did play during the Depression, when going to
the films meant a family expedition.
Violence, then, and the Balkanization of our society are the
less attractive aspects of American openness. In my opinion, they
are more than counter-balanced by mobility, the egalitarian passion,
and above all, by the system's susceptibility to reform from within.
In some, they contribute to the quality of life
Mobility has always been an American trait, but it took a
quantum jump in the early I940's. The internal migration which
began then was the greatest migration in human history. The blacks
moving North, the Farmers moving into the cities, city dwellers
moving into suburbs, and people in the interior of the country
moving to the coast. Before World War II, over 30 million people,
a quarter of the population lived on farms. Today that agricultural
population has been cut by 80 per cent.
Over the past generation America has witnessed at least
three dramatic waves of reform - Collective Bargaining in the
!930's, the Black Movement in the 1960's, and our present decade
the Woman's Movement. To identify them is to invite controversy,
for reform is, almost by definition , abrasive. If the fixed
system is to be changed, some people must be prepared to be very
unpleasant. I think this almost has the force of a natural law.
To achieve their ends union organizers had to be disagreeable
about management executives. Negro leaders had to be rough on
whites. And, yes, feminists must, upon occasion, insult men.
Whetherthe instability is deserved is, I think, quite beside
the point. The point is that reformers need a sharp cutting edge
to stiffen their own morale and to define their issues. Social
action requires militancy, and militants need over-simplification. '
No one likes to be called a pig or a fascist insect, but when the
alternative is repression - and that historicaly has been the
alternative in other societies - enduring a few taunts does not seem
too great a price to pay for what is, after all, simple justice.
It is this very resilience of America which seems to me to
be its greatest strength. Twice in the past generation the United
States has endured great spiritual crises, engendered by the De-
pression and the Vietnam war. Inequity, at times, seemed to be
triumphant, but the climax ultimately passed and the republic
The first crisis saw a great shift in Federal power - from
Capitol Hill to the White House? because of the second, authority
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1 1 1
is now moving back along Pennsylvania Avenue to Congress. Else-
where, in other nations - in other civilizations - such massive
reversals could not have been accomplished without bayonets. It
is astonishing to reflect that the discovery of a taped door, by
a black watchman - a figure at the very bottom of Washington's
status pyramid -- caused the Chief Executive of the United States
to resign in disgrace, and his principal aides to be sentenced to
prison - and all without the firing of a single shot.
I might say here, parenthetically, that some of you may have
read in the press, that H.R. Haldeman once asked me to write his
memoirs. I replied as follows: (a) I do not do this sort of
thing? (b) if I did do this sort of thing, you would be the second
to the last man I would do it for, and I'll let you guess who the
last man would be.
We in American are going to need all of our determination and
our acumen, and are going to need friends abroad. What is obviously
needed, and the need becomes clearer every day, is an abandonment
all over the world of parochial tribal loyalties and a drawing
together of the family of mankind. The conventional response to
such observations is a Bronx Cheer. Dreams of a world community
are dismissed as impractical visions, contrary to human nature
and universal human experience. But I am not so sure of that.
In the 8th volume of his study of human history Toynbee reminds
us that the Jews, without the political framework of a state or
territorial basis of a home, have managed to preserve a separate
identity as a people from 586 B.C. the year that saw the oblitera-
tion of Judea down to the present day. This is known, of course, to
a scattered variety of Jews around the world as the diasphrol.
But Toynbee points out that the Diasphroan community is not unique,
among others the Armenians have achieved it, and he suggests that
in a year of jetliners and instant communications other spiritual
groups are being formed.
The world's physicists constitute one global Diaspronan
community, the world's musicians are another, the world's physicians
and surgeons are a third. Other examples multiply - millions of
college students in the United States and elsewhere felt a strong
bond with undergraduate demonstrators at the Sorbonne, and, I
suppose it's fair to say, that the policement felt a bond with the
(?garbled?). The Spassky-Fisher chess match was not regarded as
a Soviet-American tournament - at least not among chess players -
and what does it matter that Germaine Greer is an Englishwoman?
uh - Englishperson?
In fact, the Balkanization of society may end by being a
blessing. If fragments of disintegrating nations link up with one
another, forming diaspronas in the broadest sense of the word, the
human race may yet be united in a single, comprehensible, compre-
hensive, ecumenical society.
There was a time when faculty members in Massachusetts saw
themselves as New Englanders first. Today they regard themselves
as professors first, or as members of their respective disciplines.
The month after the armistice in 1918, John Cristjohn Smut
wrote: "There is no doubt that mankind is once more on the move,
the very foundations have been shaken and loosened, and things
are again fluid. The tents have been struck, and the great caravan
of humanity is once more on the march." The caravan is not only
still in motion, it is picking up speed all the time. Its destina-
tion is obscure, but that has always been true - and it seems to
be as much reason for hope as for despair, provided we never forget
the warning of the 127th psalm that John Kennedy set down but never
lived to deliver in the City of Dallas. He said, "the Lord keepeth
the city, the watchman waketh but in vain."
In closing, I would like to tell two stories from the days
in the early I960's when I worked in the White House.
The first is that we used to say that the shortest book ever
to be published would be "Mistakes I made." by Lyndon B. Johnson.
It's a pity Johnson didn't live long enough to write it with Nixon,
because then it would have been half as long.
The other story originated somewhere in the West Wing of the
White House, just where I never knew. It is about press secretaries.
The version I heard, and I updated it slightly, told of Moses ap-
proaching the Red Sea with his people, when a messenger told him
that the Pharaoh's army was only six hours behind him. Moses called
over an advisor and said "What are we going to do?" And the advisor
Then another messenger rode up on camel and reported that the
Pharoah's army was only 3 hours away. Moses called over a second
advisor, an ecclesiastical expert, who told him: "there's no chance
to get across those waves, you'd have to walk on water, and we're
just not ready for that yet."
At that point the third messenger trotted up. His news was
the worst yet
The Pharaoh was destined to fall on their rear in a half hour.
So Moses summoned his press secretary, led him to the shores of the
Red Sea and explained the problem. "Find a solution," he said
"find it in a hurry."
The press secretary disappeared behind a burning bush,
presently he reemerged and said, "Moses, I've got it. All you do
is stick your right hand out like this and the water will pile up
on that side, then you stick your left hand out like that and the
water will pile up on the other side and then you just walk through
on dry land."
Moses said: "That's a great idea, but will it work?"
The press secretary said: "I don't know if it'll work, but
I'll tell you this - if it does work, I'll get you three pages
in the Old Testament."
Jeff: What is your Doctorate in Dr. Asimov?
Jeff: Where do you teach?
Asimov: Oh - I don't really teach. ..I'm a member of
the Faculty of the Boston University School
of Medicine. I'm Associate Professor of
Biochemistry, but the the last seventeen
years I have not had any classes. I just
give occasional lectures.
Jeff: What will your address be on?
Asimov: Well, to tell you the truth I'm not exactly
sure. ..generally I make up my mind as to what
I'm going to talk about not long before I get
up to talk. My talks are off-the-cuff.
Jeff: Don't you feel guilty, taking people's money
Asimov: It's an essentially conceited way of life,
being a writer, to expect people to pay you
for writing or lecturing. Especially having
nothing prepared. And at the prices I ask for.
Jeff: Do you ever feel you are living in a decadent
I mean, here we are, at Holiday Inn, and you're
going to lecture about over-population or
starvation. What can the children of America
say to their mothers when they say 'eat this,
there are people starving in China?
Asimov: Well, I'm not going to look down on it because
it's my way of living. I don't have to stay
here. I can always go stay in some shack
somewhere, but not on your life. I do my best to
live comfortably and soft. I'm essentially a
relaxed person. In other words, I sit here,
on a couch, with every muscle relaxed. I don't
exercise or anything. So, I won't talk about
the decadence of humanity because I'm right in
There's nothing wrong with this kind of living
if you can afford it. The point is, mankind
as a whole has never really been able to afford
it. The only reason it is possible for some
people to live like this is precisely because
most don't live like this. If we evened
everything out, no one could live like this.
If we did even everything out, and keep
evenning everything out, things will get worse
and worse as population goes up, and the amount
of resources goes down.
Jeff: Do you feel, after having been here 200 years,
this country is on the way out?
Asimov: Ah. ...skip that question because now that you've
mentioned it I think that's what I'll talk about.
I'll talk about the Bi-Centennial. How do you
like that? Now you can say you were here when
I made my decision.
Oritbrviuo wlU, Jssac fisbmasAy Otjf F*ua,
Now it's usually taken for granted we go thru a tremendous
list of greetings here, from up there to down there, but if you
don't mind I'll just say 'Fathers', because today happens to be
Fathers' Day. I must say, though, that as I sat there I was
taken somewhat aback by Rabbi Glassman whom I cannot possibly
follow, being no orator, and particularly by the wealth of
parathotic comment he was able to bring on the subject, and I
felt I would not be able to follow him unless I produced a
parable of my own.
And so I will tell you of a story told by the Wise Men of
old. That, at one time three learned gentlemen of 3 different
professions sat down to discuss which one was the oldest. And
the physician said, "You will read in the bible that Adam, on
the very first day of his life, was put into a deep sleep by
the Lord and from his side a rib was taken, out of which a woman
was born, and this being a surgical operation was surely a sign
that ours is the oldest profession." Whereupon the architect
said, "Nay, not so! For we also read in the bible that on the
very first day, six days before this operation was performed
on Adam the Lord created the Heaven and the Earth out of chaos
and surely this is a sign that architecture is the oldest
profession." Whereupon the lawyer said, "Wait a moment —
and who do you think created chaos?"
We'll get back to that — that story was not told with no
purpose in mind. In little more than a year our nation is going
to celebrate the bicentennial of its existence as an independent
nation — and I hate to have to tell you that is not what it is
a bicentennial of. For on July 4, 1776 there did not come into
existence an independent nation. Richard Henry Lee, in presenting
his great statement at the Continental Congress said that 'these
colonies are, and of a right ought to be, free and independent
states.' — Plural! There was born then thirteen — Nations! —
For 'State' does not represent a subordinate part of a nation
but is an autonomous region self-governed, self-controlled. The
13 nations which formed the United States were united only out
of the necessity of winning the war of independence, and thereafter
out of the necessity of standing up against a still-belligerant
Great Britain, against what was called the 'Indian Menace', in
favor of united trade. But, this did not mean that the thirteen
states pulled together. There were a great many forces pulling
them apart. And a native of Massachusetts felt very little in
common with a native of Virginia or South Carolina (and vice-versa).
What's more, there was no way in which the congress which then
ruled the so-called United States could really exert it's power
upon the nation to keep it united. It had very little power,
in fact it lacked the power of taxation, which meant it had
no money of its own but had to come, hat-in-hand for the money
that, theoretically they ought to give the Congress but which
in actual practice they rarely saw fit to give (and then only
grudgingly and in part). When I tell you that it was as
difficult for Congress to get money from New York in those days
as it is for New York to get money from Congress in these, you
will know what I mean.
This could not long continue, and in 1787 there was a
constitutional convention gathered in Philadelphia which set
forth a constitution which described a Federal Government, one
in which a central government was granted rights by the States,
and could exercise those rights over all matters that interested
more than one State. This constitution which was put together
and which has now endured for almost 200 years, was put to a
vote of the people and it was voted into existence in 1788 and
the Government under this new constitution began in 1789, with
George Washington as the First President. It is this which
really is the beginning of the United States. And, it is in
1988 that we will really celebrate the 200th year of the
existence of the United States. It represents something
unexampled in history before — the voluntary surrender of
sovereignty on the part of thirteen independent governments
in order to prepare a larger government, which could control
a larger area, and which could make more people secure and
happy, and the constitution not been established,. Had it
not been adopted, had the United States not come into existence
as truly united, this continent would have seen a continuing
growth of forever quarreling, sometimes warring, governments
that would have rendered it weak backward, unhappy, and a
prey to other powers. In union there was strength. It did
not come easily, there were always complaints that the
Federal Government was allocating to itself too much power,
and indeed as time went on, as the complexity of our society
increased, our population increased, inevitably the Federal
Government did gain more and more power, for only in such
a way could the government be conducted rationally. In the
early I860's there was a great war designed to see whether
indeed the states had truly given up their sovereignty, and
whether they might not change their minds, such of them as
chose to, and retire from the union. And it was decided,
by gunpowder, that the constitution was a one-shot thing
that we could not retreat from the sovereignty that was
Osscuc dsimws Sptaak a/ 6Akdu*U**j Ju*u JSxL /17S~~
given up was given up forever, and the United States of America
was united forever, or at least until another war might decide
otherwise, and may it never come.
Now we are living in a world in which this example set by
thirteen colonies nearly 200 years ago should be .very much in
the minds of others, for we now live in a world which is
smaller by far than the thirteen colonies were in the I780's.
At that time Federick the Great of Prussia said that the
so-called United States could not endure, it was spread out
over too great an area, and it could not be held together.
He did not forsee the advances in technology, in transportation
and communication that would make the area of the United States
continually smaller as the decades passed and as the population
grew, and a whole world continually smaller until now there is
no point on the world's surface that is more than twelve
hours from any other point. There is no point on the world's
surface that cannot communicate in a fraction of a second with
any other point. We area small community, the entire globe,
a small community, divided up into over a hundred separate
nations, each of which considers itself independent with
rights that transcend all others. Each nation feels that in
pursuit of its own security, its own desires, what it perceives
to be its own rights, there can be nothing higher, and
that no amount of misery to others is too great a price to
pay for its own security. Every nation feels this, and, when
nations feel this in a world as small as ours, and in which
mankind now has weapons as powerful as ours, we are on a high
road to suicide. We cannot exist in this fashion because in
actual fact there is no such thing as an independent nation
on earth today. There is no nation that does not depend upon
others for its raw materials or for its markets. We cannot
exist and maintain a high standard of living (for those of us
who have one) or a wished-for high standard of living (for those
of us who do not have 01.?) if we continue to live entirely for
ourselves. We cannot continue thus if each nation in the world
insists upon maintaining highly equiped armed forces whose
function it is to protect us from other nations, which maintain
armed forces to protect them from us, when all the armed forces,
absorbing all the money, all the resources, all the effort, can
no longer fight a rational war. The only wars that can be
fought these days are exercises in rapid suicide. And yet,
mankind still adoring and sacrificing at the altars of 19th
century nationalism persist in dividing themselves up when there
can be no division. What are the problems that face mankind
now? The important problems? The life-and-deathr problems?
One-and-all are global in nature and cannot be separated into
here and there. We stand facing the terrifying growth of
population, affecting the whole world, and there is no way it
can be solved in any one part of the world. If, in the United
States, the birth rate drops, if, in the United States
population is stabilized, if in the United States we need expect
no population apocalypse, nevertheless if in the rest of the
world the population increases without bound, the world will
be ruined and we with it. What about pollution? When we dirty
any part of the world it is dirty for the entire world. We
have only one ocean, we have only one atmosphere. If our spray
cans destroy the ozone layer they destroy it not only in a spot
immediately above the head of the spray-can user, they destroy
it for all the world and if there is a nation so backward and
benighted that it does not use spray cans we nevertheless will
destroy their ozone for them.
Is it a problem of scarcity? Will the gasoline run out?
Will coal be hard to get? For the Whole World - for the Whole
World, not just any part of it. Danger of Nuclear war? It is
not only the competent nations that will be radiated into
suicide, the rest of the world will get the radiation too.
How do we tackel these global problems? Does each nation
try to solve it for itself (that cannot possibly work) the only
way you can solve a global problem is to find a global solution.
The only way the different nations of mankind can face the
problems that threaten each and all of them is to get together,
and face the problems together. It is not nation'A' that is
the enemy of nation 'B', it is not nation 'C that is menacing
the existence of nation 'D'. AH of us who amuse ourselves
with this game of national boundaries and this game of
national enemies are amusing ourselves with a fairy-tale
existence that no longer has any application to the world as it
is. The enemy of all of us are faceless things called too
many people! Too few resources! Too much waste! Too much
pollution! Too much of this! Too little of that! Too much
hate! Too much ignorance.
And you can't fight that with a gun on your shoulder.
It may sound as though I'm advocating world government.
I'm advocating something, call it what you wish. I'm
advocating a united humanity. I'm advocating a world which
recognizes itself as a unit, which knows that nothing makes
sense that divides mankind into any group smaller than
mankind, (and when I say mankind I mean womankind too. It's
just that 'personkind' is a funny word, y'know? humanity).
If we all get together and form a kind of international
co-operative unit that is strong enough to form solutions,
to get the whole world toobey them, that has the capacity
to prevent any section of the earth from going its own way,
where such going its own way would be bad for humanity. Then,
we can call it any thing we want. You don't have to call it
world government if you don't like the phrase. Call it
Is it not possible that such a world government might be
tyrannical? Yes, indeed! All government is tyrannical!
Our own United States, which is perhaps as untyrannical as
many governments can be, nevertheless forces out of my very
own pockets half my income each year, very much against my
will. I cannot take an automobile out on the highway without
being struck by every sign every five feet telling me how fast
I can go, when and where I can turn, which way I must go,
which way I can't go. ..I haven't got the right to do anything
I want to do in my car I've got to do what I'm told to do
(and that's tyranny). And the only reason that I stand it
is because I know that if they took down all the signs and
let everyone drive as they please, I'd never make five feet
I don't want tyranny, but I want chaos and destruction
less. I don't want in this world some power which might make
the wrong decision for all of us. Unfortunately, if there
isn't some power to make decisions for us on the chance they
are right, and we make all our own decisions, then whatever
they are, they are wrong. There is no way we can have a
hundred different nations and expect right decisions because
there are no right decisions in division, not in this world
today. I do not say that we've got to give over our own rights
to a bunch of foreigners, that we've got to sit here and let
foreigners tell us what to do. I don't say we have to do this —
I say it's already true! We do allow foreigners to tell us what
to do because that's the way the world is (we're telling them
what to do, too). Every nation is involved with every other
nation. What we must do is not to produce something new —
it's too late for that — but recognize what already exists:
that we live in a small, interdependent world, where there is
no such thing as an independent nation. If we recognize this.
We may yet win out (we may not, there is no guarantee).
But, if we don't recognize the situation as it is, we cannot
win out. So, the choice is between possible victory -- and
And what do we do about it? We have to begin with
ourselves, and the way to do that is to recognize, each one
of us, that we are a human being, nothing less. No other
division. There doesn't exist you, as part of one group, and
someone else as part of another (and inevitably inferior) group.
There are differences in culture, language and tradition, all
of which enrich the human life with variety. But there are no
differences in the inner being, in manhood and womanhood. We
are all equal as far as that is concerned.
And, if the question arises, thirty years from now, as to
who created chaos, the answer will be not just the lawyers, it
will be all of us. And since this is Father's Day (and by
the way I don't like Mother's Day or Father's Day — I prefer
instead a Parents' Day—) let us realize we are all parents.
Even if we never have children, we are parents of the world
of tomorrow. Our duty, now, is to see that we are good parents,
that we create a world that is fit for our children, the people
of tomorrow, to live in. □
TEXTILE VETERAN'S ASSOCIATION AWARD
given to James Medeiros
given to a graduating Textile Technology student who has
attained a high academic record and who shows promise of
THE HARRY RIMER AWARD
given to George Yuen
SAMUEL HOLT AWARD
given to Howard M. Bernstein
sponsored by SMU Alumni Association
given to SMU student for excellence in Textile Design
THE NORTHERN TEXTILE ASSOCIATION MEDAL
given to Michael Slapik
given to Textile student with highest cumulative grade
THE PHI PSI HONOR AWARD
given to Paul Lowe
given to graduating senior, for scholarship and leadership,
integrity and personality
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY AWARD
given to Craig Duhamel
given to Textile Technology senior -award based on scholarship,
industry and leadership.
THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF TEXTILE CHEMISTS AWARD
given to Michael Slapik
given for outstanding work in Textile Chemistry
THE AUGUSTUS SILVA AWARD
given to Sharon Mullen
given to Senior English major
THE FRED E. BUSBY AWARD
given to Francis Tanzella for excellence in Chemistry —
presented by SMU Alumni Association
THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTS AWARD
given to Francis L. Tanzella
THE UNDERGRADUATE AWARD IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
given to Maureen B. Jodoin for outstanding achievement
in Analytical Chemistry - presented by SMU Chemistry Dept.
THE MORRIS H. CROMPTON AWARD
given to Edward F. Horzinowsky for excellence in Mechanical
Engineering -given by SMU Alumni Association.
AWARD FOR EXCELLENCE IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY
given to Paul J. Lefebvre
presented by Mechanical Engineering Department
AWARD FOR EXCELLENCE IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
given to Edward F. Horzinowsky
given by SMU Mechanical Engineering Department
THE JOHN E. FOSTER HONOR AWARD
given to Daniel Wilkins for excellence in Civil Engineering
presented by SMU Alumni Association
THE INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS CLUB AWARD
given to Joseph Astrella
given to graduating senior who has contributed substantially
to the Club
THE WALL STREET JOURNAL STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AWARD
given to Michael F Anctil
HIGHEST SCHOLASTIC STANDING IN COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
given to Jean A. Sivestrone - grade point average 3.96.
HIGHEST SCHOLASTIC STANDING IN THE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND
given to Lorraine A. Travers - grade point average 4.0.
HIGHEST SCHOLASTIC STANDING IN THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
9' ven to Steven D. Fyfe -grade pooint average 3.8
HIGHEST SCHOLASTIC STANDING IN THE COLLEGE OF FINE AND
given to Linda I . Nelson - grade point average 3.74
HIGHEST SCHOLASTIC STANDING IN THE COLLEGE OF NURSING
given to Sr. Ann-Marie Legendre - grade point average 3.54
SPECIAL AWARD FROM GRADUATE PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS
given to Robert Pallatroni -Sandra Habib, presentor
SENIOR SENATOR AWARDS
Andy Sutcliffe - presentor
Jeffrey Smith — Class of 1975
Joann Imbriglio — College of Arts & Science
Peter Lore — College of Business & Industry
Kevin Corrigan — Class of 1975
Harry Wayne Coates — College of Arts & Science
AMERICAN COUNCIL OF LEARNED FELLOWSHIPS
presents their fellowship to Geraldine Phipps
1974 GWENDOLYN BROOKS LITERARY AWARD FOR FICTION
given to. ..Everett Hoagland
SPECIAL AWARD AS SENATE PARLIAMENTARIAN
given to Kevin O'Niell
ROBERT L. McCABE OUTSTANDING FACULTY AWARD
given to Dr. John Twomey (Modern Languages)
OUTSTANDING ADMINISTRATOR OF THE YEAR
given to James Costa, Comptroller
Jack Leite, Class of '75 President, presented the Class Gift
(with the help of Tony Medeiros AKA Santa Claus) of $1 ,000
to the Student Emergency Loan Fund, Inc.
WHO'S WHO CITATIONS - presented by Dean Howard and Dean Walsh
Howard Mark Bernstein —track
Loretta (Lee) Blake - Upward Bound, College Now, BSU
Peter Cantone, President, SMU Theatre Company
Paul W. Cheurier, Student Trustee, Head Resident Assistant
1st General Manager - WUSM
Harry Wayne Coates — Student Senate Vice President
Filomena Coroa — Resident Assistant, one of the founders of
Student Advisor Program
Robert DePietro - Student Senate, Concert Series
Wayne Dwyer - track, Resident Assistant, one of the founders
of the Student Advisor Program
Robert J. Quinere - co-founder. Student Organization for
Christine Hayward -SMU Scrimshaw Editor
Joann M. Imbriglio - Resident Assistant, Student Senator,
Roy Jesus - captain of varsity baseball, 1974
Paul Langille - Resident Assistant, Program Manager -WUSM
John G. Liete - President, Class of '75; President
Interfraternal Council (IFC), Delegate to Model United Nations
Bruce McCaffrey - Student Judiciary Committee; student Senate
Terrance P. Murray - Head Resident Assistant, Vice-President
Hall Congress; Newman Club
Kenneth G. Richards - Vice-President Student Senate, 1973-74
Michael R. Roy - Captain Varsity Basketball, 1975
James Texeira - President DKI , memver I FC, member SOS
Jeanne M. Walsh - President of National Education Association
of Students; Co-chairman, SOS; Organizer of Freshman
Orientation; Residence Hall Program Committee
Donna Wilson - President, Kappa Sigma Phi, member IFC
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