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October, 1898 June, 1899. 



* • - » 

1 • 

* • . •• • 

Els di^p ovS<t$ avrip 




TH E K i- W Y 




190t 1 

v6luMe xxffl— index: 

Alumni Chapters 109, 233, 467, 541, 627 

Annuals, College 158, 597 

Army and Navy, Phis in 62. 181, 458, 663, 673 

As it Looked to an Old Phi 335 

Badges and Other Emblems, Fraternity 142 

Bailey, L. H. {Lansings '82) 625 

Biographical Notes, Chapter Grand 615 

Chapter Grand 612 

Chapter Houses 146 

Cincinnati Chapter^ The 14 

Cincinnati, The University of 7, 18 

College Annuals 158,597 

Columbus, The City of 56 

Convention Announcements 261 

Convention Banquet 348 

Convention Gossip 383 

Convention Legislation. 397 

Convention Minutes 269 

Convention, Opening Exercises 337 

Convention, The Social Side of the 342 

Eugene Field Francis Wilson Knew, The 176 

Fraternity Badges and Other Emblems 142 

Funston, Geneiaia^redcrickr (fCnn/ni^^ *92). . .62, 69, 186, 468, 556, 670 

Gettysburg-Ct^Mtei: t^ouse^V./. . : . :/:: 607 

Gcttysbu^r 6ol)e^. . :. ..\.\.:r.: 601 

Hearne, Lieut. E-.-W. {fyUkt JfO^^eyan, »94) 563 

Heroes, Two Phi....:..:..'.:.:.: .•; 5a5 

History of Theta iJdti 'dfif, TJh?.'. ^ 620 

Initiates and AffiliAiesT- .".^ C/; r. . ; 494 

Increase in FraCern;^ J^qibf r3ihi{& 81 

Inter-fraternity Courtesy 175 

Journal of Proceedings of the Convention of 1898 269 

Morrison's Farewell Talk, Father 403 

Nebraska Chapter, The 50 

Nebraska, The University of 44 

Old Fraternity Records 22, 148 

Outland, John H. (fCansas, '97) 176 

Pennsylvania (Gettysburg) College 601 

Priest, A. R. {De Pauw, '91) 690 

Reminiscence of L. H. Bailey, A 625 

Reminiscences of Catalogue Making 135, 481 

Sigma Chi's Financial System 486 

Starbuck, R. D. {ComeU, »0D). ....'.' . . 181 

Theta Delta Chi, The Histdry of. 620 

War with Spain, « A 6 in the 62. 181, 468, 663, 673 

Whiting, A. E. {Cornell, »98) .179 



Chapter Correspondence 90, 194. 414.. 512, 633 

Collegiate 117, 245, 462, 575, 693 

Editorial 84, 188, 405, 507, 628 

Hellenic 118, 249, 465, 578, 697 

Official Communication 193 

Personal 112, 236, 452, 556, 670 

The Pyx 129, 261, 475, 593, 708 


Allegheny Chapter, The 624 

Byerly, J. H. [Case, '95) 71 

Case Chapter, The 101 

Cincinnati Chapter, The 6. 653 

Cincinnati, The University of 9 

Cluverius, W. T. ( Tulane] '94) 73 

Columbus, The City of 56 

Convention Banquet Card 350 

Convention Group 345 

Convention Headquarters.. 262 

Convention Souvenir Button 384 

Coat-of-Arms, The New 334 

Curtis. L. A. ( Wisconsin, ♦94) 73 

Emerson, Edwin (Miami, »91) 560 

English, Capt. Geo. H. (Missouri, '97). 457 

Farr, Lieut Otho W. B. \Colby, '92) 77 

Field, Miss Mary French 393 

Founders, The Two at the Convention 304 

Franklin Chapter, The 655 

Funstop, General Frederick (Kansas, '92) 557, 670 

General Council, The New 382 

Gettysburg Chapter, The 608 

Haines, R. T. (Missouri, '89) 265 

Harris, Hon. A. C. (Indianapolis, '62} 452 

Hawkins, Capt. F. B. ( IV, <k J., '%) 77 

Heame. Lieut. E. W. {Iowa Wesleyan, '94) 563 

Holmes, Sergt. R. G. {Lafayette, '00) 75 

Indiana Chapter, The 134 

Indiana Delta's Orchestra 626 

Knox Chapter, The 223 

Library and Librarian, The Fraternity 390 

Lindley, J. W. {Miami, '50) 364 

LitUe, R. H. (Illinois Wesleyan, '95) 455 

MacLean, Chancellor Geo. E 47 

Mercer Chapter, The 108 

Mitchell, F. J. R. {Northwestern, '90) 131 

Missouri Chapter, The 662 

Morrison, Robert [Miami, '49) 364 

Nebraska, The University of 45 

Northwestern Chapter, The . . . 657 

O'Bleness, R. A. (Ohio, '01) 460 

Ohio Wesleyan Chapter, The 650 

Outland, J. H. (iTawja^, '97) 177 

Priest, A. R. {De Pauw, '91) 690 

Seckler, Lieut. H. H. (Kansas, '98) 71 

Starbuck, R. D. (Cornell, '00) 182 

tv INDEX. 

Swope, F. D. {Hanover, '85) 480 

Washington and Jefferson Chapter. The 642 

Whiting, A. E. {Cornell, »98) 180 

Wisconsin Chapter, The. 692 

Wynne, J. H. {Cornell, »98) 569 


Acker, J. H. R. {Ptnnsylvania, *01) 176 

Baird, Wm. R. (Editor of the Bela Thela Pi) l46 

Backus, H. M. {Case, '01) 619 

Beck, J. W. {Iowa Wesleyan, '99) 253 

Brown, Dr. J. E. (Ohio Wesleyan, '84) 56 

Brown, W. R. {Minnesota, *89) 269 

Buntain, C. M. C. {Northwestern, '99) 131 

Campbell, Chas. B. {De Pauw, '00) 690 

Curtis, W. A. ( Wisconsin, '89) 505 

Duffy, S. R. {Illinois, '95) 454 

Goodwin, C. L. {Indianapolis, '83) 335 

McGill, S. A. ( Cincinnati, '00) 18 

Miller, Hugh Th. {Indianapolis, '88). .62, 123, 158, 181, 258, 260. 

261, 267, a37, 342. 348, 383, 452, 
458, 465, 471, 472, 536, 563, 597, 615, 670 

Morrison, Robert {Miami, '49) 403, 691 

Mueller, R. S. {Nebraska, '98) 44 

Palmer, W. B. {Emory, 77).. .22, 81, 124, 126, 148, 193, 256, 257, 

259, 467, 468, 469, 486, 578, 586, 587, 589, 620 

Perry, C. O. {De Pauw, '69) 625 

Radcliffe, Dr. McCluney {Lafayette, '77) 494 

Switzler, R. H. {Missouri, '98) 457 

Swope, F. D. {Hanover, '85) 135, 481 

White, K. E. {Cornell, '00) 179, 181, 569 





► ^ 

VoL XXnL OCTOBER, 1898. No. I. 


For a number of years the alumni Phis of Cincinnati have 
been desirous of establishing a chapter of Phi Delta Theta at 
the University of Cincinnati. A good opening was presented 
last year, when an application for charter was made by the lo- 
cal society Gamma Nu Sigma. The application was strongly 
indorsed by every Phi in the city and by many others through- 
out Ohio. At the solicitation of the members of Gamma Nu 
Sigma and of alumni of Phi Delta Theta, I visited the insti- 
tution last April. In T/je Palladium for May I gave a de- 
scription of the university and personal information about 
the applicants. The vote in favor of granting a charter was 
unanimous. I am satisfied that no mistake was made. On 
the contrary I believe that the effect of a chapter at the Uni- 
versity of Cincinnati will be greatly to strengthen the Fra- 
ternity. During the past ten years Phi Delta Theta has been 
very conservative about establishing new chapters, and, in 
fact, has withdrawn more charters than she has granted new 
ones. But fortunately Phi Delta Theta has not yet become 
so ultra-conservative that no advancement is possible. The 
history of the Fraternity has been one of constant progress. 
Unless Phi Delta Theta is to change her heretofore success- 
ful policy, careful attention will always be given to well 
equipped institutions, and advantage will be taken of oppor- 
tunities for establishing chapters where present conditions 
are favorable and prospects for the future promising. 

The growth of the University of Cincinnati during the 
past five years has been so rapid that, at a distance, the in- 
stitution is hardly appreciated as higlily as it deserves. It 
has a broad foundation, large resources and liberal support, 
and seems destined to occupy a prominent position among 
the leading institutions of the country. The university 
owes its existence to the generosity of Charles McMicken, 
who bequeathed to the city of Cincinnati property, at pres- 


ent valued at $700,000, to found an institution of learning. 
Under an act of the general assembly of Ohio, in 1870, the 
city accepted the bequest, and proceeded to establish the 
University of Cincinnati. The institution was formally or- 
ganized in 1874, the academic department being the only 
department at first. The university now has academic, law, 
medical, pathological, dental and pharmaceutical depart- 
ments. The academic department is located in Burnet 
Woods Park, the other departments at different places in 
the city, but all within twenty minutes' ride by electric cars. 

In addition to the original McMicken bequest, a number 
of other public spirited citizens have contributed to the en- 
dowment of the institution, among them: Matthew Thoms, 
$110,0(X); Henry Hanna, $70,000; Samuel J. Browne, $20,- 
000; John Kilgour, $20,000, The bequests during the past 
year, I am informed, amount to $40,675, not included in the 
above. Under an act of the state legislature, the city of 
Cincinnati has for several years levied a tax for the benefit 
of the university. The levy has been two- tenths of a mili 
on the assessed valuation, but last spring, by an unanimous 
vote of the board of legislation, the levy was increased to 
three- tenths of a mill. The income from this source alone 
amounts to $00,000 annually, all of which goes to the aca- 
demic department. The total income of this department 
from taxation and interest on the endowment amounts to 
over $100,000 a year. 

The campus of forty- three acres in Burnet Woods Park 
was donated by the city. On this site are McMicken Hall 
and Hanna Hall, both handsome buildings of buff brick 
with stone trimmings. McMicken Hall is a very commo- 
dious structure, and contains lecture rooms, the library, as- 
sembly hall and gymnasium. The cost of the building and 
equipment was $180,000, and was paid for by the city. An 
annex contains the heating and ventilating appliances. 
Hanna Hall, which with equipment cost $7o,000, was spe- 
cially designed for the chemistry and civil engineering sec- 
tions of the academic department. Plans provide for the 
erection of a building similar to Hanna Hall and for a sepa- 
rate library building. The observatory, including four acres 
of ground, crowns the summit of Mount Lookout. It was 
given by the Cincinnati astronomical association to the uni- 
versity in 1887. 

The academic department offers nine groups of studies, 
extending over four years, and leading to the degrees of 
bachelor of arts, bachelor of letters and bachelor of science. 


The courses of study include English, Latin, Greek, Ger- 
man, French, Italian, Spanish, Semitic languages, mathe- 
matics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, geology, 
civil engineering, political economy, history, philosophy and 
biblical instruction. A high standard is required for enter- 
ing the freshman class or for graduation. To residents of 
Cincinnati tuition in this department is free. The institu- 
tion is co-educational. 

In the academic department there are 13 professors, 15 
instructors and o fellows. The number of students matricu- 
lated last year was 3><(), including 4G graduate students, who 
were candidates for the degrees of master of arts, master of 
letters and master of science. Besides the 386 matricu- 
lated students, there were 13o * non-matriculates,' who in 
other institutions would be designated as special students, 
or those not candidates for degrees. Adding the 386 matric- 
ulates and the 13o non-matriculates makes the enrollment 
of the academic department 521. 

In 1887 the Ohio College of Dental Surgery, founded in 
1845, and the second oldest dental college in the world, was 
affiliated and became the dental department of the University 
of Cincinnati. In 1887 the Clinical and Pathological School 
of the Cincinnati Hospital, founded in 1821, became affiliated 
with the university. In 1896 the Medical College of Ohio, 
which was chartered in 1819, became the medical depart- 
ment of the university, its board of trustees transferring its 
charter to the board of directors of the University of Cin- 
cinnati. It is much the oldest medical school west of the 
AUeghenies. The law school of the Cincinnati College, 
founded in 1833, was the first law school established west of 
the AUeghenies, and it has become one of the most famous 
in the United States. In 1897 it was consolidated with the 
law department of the University of Cincinnati. Quite 
recently the old College of Pharmacy of Cincinnati has be- 
come affiliated with the university, and it is probable that 
other professional schools will soon be added. 

Each of the professional departments has its own building 
and library, and some of them have considerable endow- 
ments. Tuition fees are charged in each of these depart- 
ments. The attendance at the whole university last year 
was as follows : Academic (matriculates and non-matricu- 
lates), 521; law, 149; medical, 213; pathological, 182; 
dental, 208; total, 1,273; counted twice, 71; net total, 
1,202. In all departments there are 91 professors and 61 in- 


With the approval of the faculty, students in the junior 
and senior years of the academic department may take, as 
their electives, courses in the medical or law departments. 
The medical faculty accepts the academic courses in chem- 
istry, physiology and histology for equivalent courses in the 
medical department. As the medical course covers four years 
and the law course three years, a year may thus be saved 
by students going up from the academic department. 

Athletics are an important feature of student life here. 
The student publications are the Burnei Woods Echo, weekly; 
McMicken Review, monthly; and the Cbichmatian, annual. 
The professors of science issue bi-monthly a magazine 
called Terrestrial Maq^neiispn. 

The fraternities having chapters at the University of Cin- 
cinnati, with years of establishment there, and their mem- 
bership, last year were as follows: 1«SS1, Sigma Chi, 7; 
1889, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, IS ; 1890, Beta Theta Pi, 17 ; 
1897, Gamma Nu Sigma (chartered by Phi Delta Theta, 
1898), 11 ; 1891, V. C. P. (ladies -local), 17; 1892, Delta 
Delta Delta (ladies), 21 ; 1890, Phi Delta Phi (law), 10; 
1892, Nu Sigma Nu (medical), 10. Until the entrance of 
Phi Delta Theta no general fraternity for men in the aca- 
demic department had been established for eight years, and 
during that time the institution had made wonderful strides. 

The association between the students in the academic and 
law departments is particularly close, and the fraternities of 
the academic department, from among their graduates, usu- 
ally have a good representation in the law department. Very 
rarely do they initiate men from the professional schools, 
however. Cincinnati will always be a great center for pro- 
fessional education, and our active chapter in the University 
of Cincinnati will doubtless always have affiliates from other 
chapters taking professional courses. Another great benefit 
of an active chapter at the University of Cincinnati is that 
it will be the means of reviving the interest of Phi alumni 
in the city and constantly keeping them in touch with the 

To me the I'aiversity of Cincinnati appears to have many 
of the characteristics of one of the larger western state uni- 
versities, only it is backed financially by a large city, instead 
of a state. Our college chapters in large cities have done 
well; instance New York, Philadelphia. Cleveland, New Or- 
leans, Chicago, vSt. Louis and (near) San Francisco, as well 
as the smaller cities of Providence, Syracuse, Columbus, 
Indianapolis, Minneapolis and Nashville. A college chap- 
ter at Cincinnati ought to succeed equally well. 

Walter B. Palmer, P. G. C. 



The second day of July, 1898, cxjutained four and twenty 
hours of as unendurable heat as any other day of the early 
summer. Consequently the Phis, who turned in at the gate 
of the Scottish Rite Cathedral on that evening, were neither 
so formally attired nor so numerous as they would have been 
had the ceremonies taken place a few days earlier or a few days 
later. The usual Independence day exodus of Cincinnatians, 
too, was responsible for the absence of several local alumni 
who had been active in working with the applicants for a 
charter, as their wives failed entirely to appreciate the ne- 
cessity of their remaining in the city for a stag banquet. 
But this does not mean that there was nobody there ; far 
from it. 

The Phis-to-be sat at the entrance, fanning and chaflBng 
each other as mysterious packages and muffled objects were 
whisked past them. The veterans fanned and gasped as 
they were ushered back into the sanctuary, where the cool 
air of outer day was excluded, along with its garish light. 
There were introductions, reminiscences, a word or two 
about the weather (one word in particular) and then prepa- 
rations for the work of the evening. Through the influence 
of our high Masonic brother, Bonham, the paraphernalia 
and surroundings were exactly what we should have wished 
them — a condition of things not always attained in installa- 
tion ceremonies. Bro. Zwick had also lent very efficient aid 
in making the preparations perfect. 

Bro. Jouett H. Shouse, Missouri, '90, was in charge dur- 
ing the initiation, being assisted by Bros. Frank P. Keuney, 
Central, '94 ; Robt. W. Hobbs, Indianapolis, '99 ; Karl H. 
Zwick, Miami, '00; Marshall H. Guerrant, Central, '92; 
Don D. Tullis, Ohio, '97; N. vS. Bayless, Central, '93; 
Scott Bonham, Ohio Wesleyan, '82, and others. 

After the requirements of the ritual had been satisfied 
and the participants had succeeded in reducing their tem- 
perature somewhat, the shrine hall was thrown open for the 
banquet. Here the attractive menu was elaborated with 
songs and some of the best after-dinner speeches those pres- 
ent had heard for a long time. The songs were more suc- 
cessful than is usual on such occasions, owing to the 
thoughtfulness of the committee, or of some of their ad- 
visers, in placing ten favorite Phi songs on the toast card. 

Tbie Mki>!(;ai. Cm 

1 6 77^5" SCROLL, 

The speakers were the following : Hon. D. D. Woodman- 
see, * Phis in the War ' ; Dr. Andrew C. Kemper, * Old 
Miami ' ; Col. \V. E. Bundy, ' Phis in Public Office » ; Prof. 
Hugh Th. Miller, The Scroll; Dr. J. E. Brown, The 
Semi-centennial ; Judge J. B. Swing, * Phi Lawyers and 
Politicians' ; Walter M. Schoenle, ' Farewell to Gamma Nu 
Sigma ' ; President Walter B. Palmer, The General Coun- 
cil. Besides these, Bros. M. H. Guerrant and Frank P. 
Kenney responded to calls for further remarks. Hon. Scott 
Bonham was toastmaster. Bro. Bonham happened to be 
pretty intimately acquainted with the previous history of 
most of the speakers, and his introductions were very much 
to the point and highly appreciated by his auditors*. Judge 
Swing was delightfully witty, and when Colonel Bundy was 
done, honors were even between him and the toastmaster. 
Bro. Woodmansee roused our patriotic enthusiasm, and Dr. 
Kemper took us back to the shrine of Phi patriotism in an 
eloquent tribute to the boys of Old Miami — and the girls — 
and the oldest chapter. 

Dr. Kemper is the father of James Brown Kemper of the 
new chapter, and was one of Ohio Alpha's early initiates. 
In the * Crisis of '51,' about which much has appeared at 
various times in Thk Scroll and The Palladium ( see refer- 
ences in Scroll, June, 1898, page 470; Palladiinn, March, 
1808, pages 52-54, 57-<)l), he resigned after the expulsion 
of his two friends and became later a charter member of 
Kappa chapter of A K E. Having resigned his membership 
in A K E, on the night of the installation he signed the Bond 
anew as his son signed it for the first time. 

Many letters and telegrams of congratulation were read by 
the toastmaster and others during the evening. Among 
those who were heard from were: Hon. Cyrus Huling, Ohio 

Wesleyan, '7S; Dr. A. B. Thrasher, Indianapolis, *73; Hon. 
L. J. Fenton, Ohio, '72 ; Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn, Cenlre, 
'57 ; S. J. Flickinger, Cornell, '7() ; J. W. Lindley, Miami, 
'50; A. W. Rogers, Miami, '51 ; Gen. John C. Black, Wabash, 
'62; J. B. Elam, Miami, '70; E. G. Hallmau, Emorv, '97 ; 
W. B. Putnam, Buchtel, '93 ; Dr. McCluney Radcliffe, La- 
fayette, '77 ; F. S. Ball, Ohio State, '8S ; W. R. Brown, Min- 
nesota, '89 ; F. D. Swope, Hanoirr, '85 ; H. H. Ward, Ohio 
State, '90 ; J. C. Moore, Jr., Pennsylvania, '9:'> ; C. A. Bohn, 

Washimrton, '9:5 ; T. H. McComca, Ohio Weslevan, '81 ; 
Harry Weiduer, Miami, '89 ; W. W. Case, Allegheny, '84 ; 
Rev. A. G. Work, Miami, '94 ; W. S. Peters, De Panic, '98; 
Schuyler Poitevent, Virginia, '98; Judge Elam Fisher, 


Miami, '70; R. A. Hiestand, Miami, '92; H. H. Hiestand, 
Miami, '93; Dr. Ed. Francis, Ohio State, '91; T. H. Sheldon, 
Ohio, 00 ; F. M. Brown, Miami, '01 ; P. J. Van Pelt, 
Miami, '01 ; F. J. Warner, Alleghenv, *8') ; V. C. Lowry, 
Ohio, '7S ; A. G. Sulser, Cefitre^'^dl] S. L. McCune, Ohio, 
'9G ; Dr. W. A. Dixon, bidiaiiapolis, '60 ; J. M. Smedes, 
Vanderbilt, '79; L. R. Cartwright, De Pauw, '00; T. L. 
McDougall, Lafayette, '99 ; R. A. ^wvlvl, Hanover, '98; Dr. 
A. W. Smith, Central, '72; H. M. Blantou, Central, '98 ; 
and Rev. Robt. Morrison, D. D., Miami, '49. 

The charter members of the new chapter are Walter Mark- 
breis Schoenle,'98 (law%'00); Nathaniel Carleton Davis Mur- 
ray, '98; James Brown Kemper, '99; Charles Theodore Perin, 
Jr., '99 : William Owen Stovall, '99 ; Clifford Cordes, '00 ; 
Gordon Battelle Hamilton, '00 ; Oscar William Lange, '00 ; 
Stuart Aldridge McGill, '00 : Oliver Herman Schlemmer, 
'00 ; Guido Gores, '01. Mr. Hamilton was absent on a 
vacation trip in Europe and was not initiated until Septem- 
ber, when he returned. Edward Francis, '98 ( pathological), 
and Albert Clarence Shaw (medical), '00, were also associ- 
ated with the applicants in their work for a charter, Bro. 
Francis being a member of Ohio Zeta, '91, and Bro. Shaw 
of Ohio Alpha, '97. 

The Phis present at the installation were : Dr. John Ed- 
win Brown, Ohio IVesleyafi, '84 ; Walter B. Palmer, Jan- 
derbilt, '80 ; Marshall yC. Guerrant, Central, '92 ; Hugh Th. 
Miller, Indianapolis, "^"^^ ; Judge James B. Swing, Hanover, 
'7(); Hon. Scott Bonham, Ohio IVesleran, 'S2 : Col. W. E. 
Bundy, Ohio, '86 ; Dr. Andrew C. Kemper, Miami, '53 ; 
Hon. D. D. Wood man see, Ohio We sky an, '81 ; Don D. 
Tullis, Ohio, '98 ; Frank P. Kenney. Central, '94 ; Chas. E. 
Kincaid, Centre, '78 ; Jouett H. Shouse, Missouri, '99 ; 
Hugh D. Schell, Miami, '01 ; G. C. Bauer, Ohio, '97 ; J. L. 
Kohl, Ohio IVesleyan, '98; Karl H. Zwick, Miami, '00; 
Robert W. Hobbs, Indianapolis, '99 ; N. S. Bayless, Ceiitral, 
'9;J ; and the members of the new chapter. 

Hrc.H Tii. Miller. 


The University of Cincinnati is an institution of such com- 
paratively recent origin, that the student customs and tra- 
ditions which come only with age, the intense local color 
which only an even and undisturbed existence of years and 


years imparts, must not be expected to appear until later. 
Springing up in the midst of a large and growing city, shar- 
ing its progressive and iconoclastic spirit, the university 
must naturally seem very modern, very practical, very 
worldly to one who is familiar with the cloistered, dreamy 
atmosphere of some of the centenarian colleges of the north- 

A few features of student life, however, are likely to stand 
out, in spite of any modification that regulations of those in 
authority or tendencies and prejudices of locality may at- 
tempt to impose. These are college and class and fraternity 
spirit, in some form of manifestation; and so it is at Cincin- 
nati. In her ball teams and musical clubs, in her rushes 
and receptions, in chapter life and rivalry, Cincinnati is, 
after all, no older, nor so very much younger, than Virginia 
or Pennsylvania or Nebraska. 

In spite of the fact that all students who are deficient in 
even so little as one hour of freshman requirements are class- 
ified with the entering class, the division into classes follows 
the natural law of expectation and intention, as it does even 
in the schools where the class system is ignored, and here, 
as everywhere else, the freshman-sophomore feud is the 
first general feature of each new year's academic life. The 
Cincinnati freshmen are expected to fly their flag from a 
pole on the campus for twenty- four hours, at as early a date 
in the fall as possible. The favorite hour for unfurling the 
colors is nine or ten at night, and then the freshmen hover 
and shiver about the standard till dawn, alternately encour- 
aged and cast down by cheering exclamations or discourag- 
ing predictions of juniors who stand by in the hope of seeing 
a few sophomore heads broken, and sometimes panic-stricken 
by false alarms. If their defense of the flag is successful, the 
class is treated with slightly more consideration for the rest 
of the year, and its stock of conceit is unbounded. The 
question of supremacy, however, is not held to have been 
decided until the class foot ball and basket ball games have 
been played. By this time the freshmen are either thor- 
oughly annihilated or become unendurably self important. 

The freshmen are not always the despised rabble that 
some would suppose. Besides the gratuitous privilege of 
occasionally walking through the halls unmolested, it is cus- 
tomary for them to be given a reception by the sophomores. 
Students, professors and instructors are thus afforded an 
opportunity of becoming better acquainted with the incom- 
ing class. At this gathering bygones are forgotten. A 


smooth, waxed floor, good music and a bewildering throng 
of pretty girls help to make the freshman reception an inci- 
dent worth remembering. 

An event, important in the eyes of all the classes, is the 
Thanksgiving foot ball game. This contest marks the end 
of the foot ball season, and hence is the means of bringing 
to life all the suppressed enthusiasm of loyal students. Last 
year we played the Carlisle Indians. 

During the Christmas holidays, besides the hops and re- 
ceptions given by the fraternities to their friends, we have 
the annual trip of the glee and mandolin clubs. Early in 
the new year the clubs give their Cincinnati concert, which 
is quite a society event . 

During the second semester not much is heard of the 
freshman and sophomore classes. About the middle of 
February the most pretentious event of a social nature oc- 
curs — the junior promenade, given by the junior class to the 
seniors. In return for this entertaining function, the sen- 
iors invite the juniors to the senior boat ride, which takes 
place during commencement week. It is safe to say that no 
more jolly cargoes of young people ever ride over the turbid 
waters of the Ohio. 

In addition to the usual festivities of commencement week, 
alumnal day is celebrated. On this occasion the graduating 
class is welcomed into the alumnal fold. A part of this cele- 
bration consists in the planting of the senior tree. After the 
registration of the new freshmen, the buildings are deserted, 
the large stone steps no longer furnish a lounging-place for 
fraternity scouts, and the college year is over. 

The fraternities at the I'niversity of Cincinnati are 2 X, 
5 A E, B II, <!> A 0, V. C. P. (ladies— local), AAA (ladies). 
The fraternities in the professional departments are N 5 N 
(medical) and <I> A <I> flaw). The honorary fraternity 4> B K 
granted a charter to Cincinnati at its last council. B n 
and <I> A <I> each rent four rooms in the law school building 
located in the heart of the city. S X has two rooms in the 
Pike Building on Fourth street. N 2 N occupies a house 
very close to the medical school. 2 A E is at present with- 
out a local habitation, but will take quarters in the fall. 
The sororities AAA and V. C. P. meet semi-monthly at the 
homes of their members. 

2 X, 2 A E and B 11 have representatives in the faculties 
and student bodies of the law, medical and dental depart- 
ments. In the majority of cases, however, these men do 
not constitute a part of the active, academic chapters. It is 


the policy of these fraternities to recruit their strength 
strictly from the academic department. Exceptions to this 
rule are not wanting but of rare occurrence. It is a com- 
mon thing for an academic fraternity man to take his elec- 
tives in the law department. 

5 X, although at present weak in numbers, with strong 
alumnal support hopes to regain its lost prestige. B n is 
materially aided by a number of prominent men who have 
revived an old Beta organization called the Diogenes club. 
Its members have a hall adjoining the rooms of the local 
chapter. B II's initiates, although by no means inatten- 
tive to college politics, lay more stress on social standing. 
The fraternity gives quite a number of dances during the 
year and an annual reception during the Christmas holidays. 
During the past summer Cincinnati was honored by having 
the national convention of B n. 2 A E has made great 
progress since its establishment at the University of Cin- 
cinnati, being now represented in all phases of university 
life. The alumni of the fraternity are not very numerous 
in Cincinnati. During the winter the sororities entertain 
their friends frequently. 

Early in September, 1897, a local society was formed and 
named r N 5. Its raison d'etre lay in the fact that none of 
the chapters then existing in the university seemed to be of 
a character at once distinct, broad and worthy of the high- 
est ambitions. A fraternity and a chapter of this kind 
formed the ideal of the founders of F N 2^ : they have found 
the former in 4> A and will use their best efforts to make 
the Cincinnati chapter a congenial member of the great Phi 
family. A detailed account of the movement for a charter 
has already appeared in The Palladium for May and The 
Scroll for June, of this year. It is too early to make 
definite announcements in regard to the house plans of the 
new chapter, but the next issue of The vSckoll, at least, 
will give some news on the subject. 

No agreement exists among the fraternities as to the time 
and place for rushing new men. Each fraternity does its 
best at its earliest opportunity. An attempt was made some 
years ago to formulate an agreement in this matter of rush- 
ing, but the effort failed. The present system has its 
defects and drawbacks and is not conducive to the best of 
friendly relations among the various fraternities. 

The University of Cincinnati owes its existence to the 
generosity of Charles McMicken and was formerly known 
as McMicken University. Although the institution can 


boast of but 24 years* existence, she is fondly called by all 
her friends * Old McMicken.' Within the last few years great 
changes have taken place, but they have not caused the 
memory of Charles McMicken to be held less dear. His 
wish that the Bible be used as a text-book has been grati- 
fied. Every week one hour is set aside, during which no 
other work is done, for a systematic study of the Bible by 
all who so elect. Thus it has been provided that no matter 
how prosperous the University of Cincinnati may become, 
her students can never forget him whose liberality made 
higher education free to all who live in this city. 

Stuart A. McGill, Cincinnati, 11)00. 


Collected and Edited bv Walter B. Palmer.* 

In looking over an old expense book while in college, I 
find that July T, 1849, I bought my society pin from Beggs 
& Smith, Cincinnati, Ohio. — Allen A. Barnett, Jerseyville, 
111., to George Banta, Sept. 22, 1881. 

Enclosed you will find the prospectus of The Miami Uni- 
versity Joiiryiai. It will be issued before commencement if 
enough subscribers can be obtained to justify the under- 
taking. I know that j'^w will do all you can for it. It is a 
scheme of 'Old Dad Wilson,' and of course must receive all 
Phi influence. However, Wilson is not concerned in it yet; 
it is supported by the faculty and will do the university 
much good it is hoped. — J. A. Anderson, Miami University, 
to Robert Morrison, May 19, 1851. 

Somers, Kenosha county. Wis., Jan. 14, 1S9S. Mr. Wal- 
ter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn. Dear Sir : Your letter of 
January ^^> was duly received. In reply would say that, al- 
though I was a member of the Alpha chapter of Phi Delta 
Theta at Miami University, yet as I came in about 1851, I 
know very little about the facts concerning its organization. 
I remember that one of the founders of the society told me 
that the main object aimed at by its members was the keep- 

♦I request chapters and individual Phis to examine their old fraternity papers, 
and to loan me those that may be of interest, or to send me copies of siii'ne, or of 
such portions as are of importance. The materials for a history prior to 187S 
(when The Scroll was permanently established), are meager, and almost any 
letter relating to Phi Delta Theta before that time would be of value in filling out 
gaps in the record. This notice does not applvto the chapters at Miami, Indiana. 
Wabash, Hanover, Centre. Wisconsin. Cornell, Lafayette and Woostcr, whose 
archives I have examined. Walter B. Palmkr, Editor of the History of Phi 
Delta Theta, 511 South Spruce .street. Nashville. Tenn. 


ing up of a high moral standard in the university. A large 
majority of the members of the Alpha chapter were con- 
nected with the Presbyterian Church. While possibly the 
Phi Delta Theta society was not intellectually above the 
other Greek fraternities, I believe that in the '50's their 
moral weight was greater than that of any other society. 
In the literary society to which I belonged, a hard fight was 
made against us by the Alpha Delta Phis and the Beta Theta 
Pis, but as the Delta Kappa Epsilon boys united their forces 
with ours, we generally came out ahead. During the ses- 
sion immediately preceding the withdrawal of the Alphas 
and Betas from our literary society, there was a good deal 
of bad blood manifested by both parties. I recall one amus- 
ing incident. During a discussion in regard to some matter 
connected with the society, Benjamin Harrison and three or 
four others among the younger members of the Phi Delta 
Theta advocated a certain line of action. One of the older 
members of the Alpha Delta Phi, in replying, spoke con- 
temptuously of those who were opposed to him, calling them 
a set of callow youth, who would know more when they 
were older. The next Friday p. m. the division led by 
Benjamin Harrison was on for declamation. It so happened 
that the man who had ridiculed the boys was sitting near 
the left hand side of the platform. When Harrison's name 
was called, he walked over opposite to his opponent, and, 
with much earnestness, gave Pitt's reply to Lord Walpole, 
beginning, 'The atrocious crime of being a young man.' 
The appropriateness of the speech and the dramatic way in 
which it was delivered brought down the house. When the 
next man was called he had the same speech, and as the 
first six in the division were either Phis or sympathizers 
with the Phi party, they each gave 'The atrocious crime.' 
When the regular declaim ers had finished and volunteers 
were called for, a little white-headed fellow, one of the 
smallest and youngest in the society, also gave 'The atro- 
cious crime ' with such fervor as to eclipse all who had gone 
before him. Yours sincerely. Henry L. Brown. 

At the time of the organization of the <I> A in 1(S48, it 
was understood that the B n was extinct, and that Milton 
Sayler was the only member of the A A 4> at Miami; I am 
not sure that he was in college at that time, for, as I remem- 
ber, he was absent for a year from some cause unknown 
to me. It was thought by some of our members, about 
1851. that he had lost his interest in the Alphas, and that 
we might secure him, and he was sounded by a member — 


Swing I think — who quickly found out that he was still a 
member of the Alphas; and soon after he began to resuscitate 
his society in the university. I know of no particular rea- 
son for keeping the 4> A secret for so many years, except 
that some thought that we could accomplish more by 
remaining sub rosa. There never have been any anti-fra- 
ternity statutes at Miami, and, as I remember, it was Wil- 
son and Ardivan Rodgers who were chiefly instrumental in 
keeping us from 'badging out' for so long. The badges 
were first publicly worn at a party given by Dr. W. C. 
Anderson, the president of the college, to the senior class 
of 1852, in June of that year. Anderson's date of June 
26th is probably correct. I do not think that any formal 
vote was taken on the subject, but that it was done by unan- 
imous consent, 7icm. con. I remember that Sayler was 
quite curious about the pin, and inspected mine quite 
closely. My reasons for stating that I then wore the first 
pin manufactured are these: Beggs & Smith had made the 
first pin from a design sent to them, and after some consul- 
tation and minor changes. When it was received, the mem- 
bers concluded it was rather large, and directed Beggs & 
Smith to reduce the size, which was done in all subsequent 
ones made. This pin must have been paid for out of the 
general funds of the society, because it was always kept in 
the box with the constitution and other records of the so- 
ciety, which had been kept in my room for a year or more, 
as the meetings were held there for a considerable period of 
time; and as I had charge of it, and had no pin, I wore it. 
The pin was still with the constitution and other papers 
when I left Oxford in March, 1854. In regard to the internal 
troubles in 1851-52, I do not know that I can add anything 
additional to the facts already brought out in The Scroll. 
I thought at the time, and still think, that a mistake was 
made in reconsidering the action taken in regard to Childs 
and McNutt, and allowing them to resign, as I hey were not 
repentant, and, in l'S58, used all their influence to, and 
came very near succeeding in, preventing John A. Ander- 
son from being admitted to the society of the alumni of 
the university, apparently for no other reason except that 
he, with others, had been instrumental in ]niiiishing them 
for drunkenness. I am quite sure that Robert Morrison is 
mistaken when he says that David L. McDill importuned 
some of our members to join the Betas. Robert V. Moore, 
who attended at Miami, but w^as graduated at Center, where 
he went through sympathy with some of his friends who 


were in the snow rebellion, came to Oxford, in 1851 or 1852, 
to reorganize the Betas, and had the names of more than 
half of our members on his list of sui tables, and tried sev- 
eral of our members before he found out the existence of 
the Phis. Moore, whom I knew quite well, told me once, 
shortly after, when I was taking him in a buggy to his sis- 
ter's at Darrtown, four miles from Oxford, what a mistake 
he had made with the * A 0. He finally secured Henry T. 
Helm, of the class of 1808, and left the matter in his charge. 
My recollection is very clear in regard to R. V. Moore's 
agency in the matter. Robert Morrison has confounded 
the names of David L. McDill and J. W. McDill. David 
was a United Presbyterian preacher who lived at Oxford, 
while J. W. was, as you have stated, of the class of 1853, 
and was not in a condition to importune our members in 
1851 or 1852.— J. Knox Boude, Washington, D. C, to 
Walter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., July 4, 1888. 

In answer to yours of 10th inst., we have to say that we 
made no agreement to make the society pins for $5. They can 
not possibly be made in any quantity for that price. After a 
close calculation, we are now prepared to say that we can 
not make them of same quality and weight as heretofore, for 
less than $6. -30, for single pin, or $(> for a quantity, say five 
or six at once, including all engravings. — Beggs & Smith, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, to Theo. W. McLean, Miami University, 
Feb. 13, 1854. 

The first members at Bloomington were the two Elliotts — 
Samuel and Robert ; they were initiated at Oxford and 
brought the order to Bloomington. They initiated me ; the 
next was Josiah Miller, who married the belle of Blooming- 
ton. We were very choice ; only one or two more were 
added before I was graduated in ISol. Another brother I 
just now remember was Matthew Woodburn. The society 
had a grand origin ; none but the best as scholars and moral 
men were admitted then. I look back and feel it was an 
honor that I was chosen a 4> A 0. We used to meet in the 
woods often in summer. The members wrote essays by 
turns; these were prepared with more care than those in the 
public societies. The existence of the society was not 
known before I left. I had a very pleasant visit with the 
brothers at Oxford in 1850. John Wilson was one of the 
leading spirits there then. My pin I lost and never obtained 
another I should like to know more of the Phis of to-day. 


— Nelson K. Crowe, Delaware, Ohio, to A. Gwyn Foster, 
about 1880. 

In 'Old Fraternity Records' published in The Scroll 
for October, 1887, was included a letter written by M. M. 
C. Hobbs, dated Wabash College, June 14, 1852, in which 
he said : *We are only three in number here. Messrs. G. 
White and E. C. Johnston, together with myself, constitute 
our order.' On January 2, 18o7, Will W. Hill, of the Wabash 
chapter, wrote that the following name had been left out of a 
previous report : 'George H. White, missionary to Turkey.' 
George H. White is mentioned also in several other reports, 
but in the following letter he denies that he ever joined the 

Your favor of October 31st is at hand. I was graduated 
from Wabash College in July, 1852. E. C. Johnston was a 
classmate and a most intimate and valued friend. M. M. C. 
Hobbs also I knew quite well. Still the fact remains that 
I was never initiated into the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity, 
and never attended one of its meetings. My friend Johns- 
ton several times urged me to unite, but I could not consci- 
entiously do so. Just before my entering college in Janu- 
ary, l«Si9, there had been a great commotion about secret 
societies ; there were several of them, and the faculty, 
whether right or wrong I do not know, felt they were a 
very serious damage to scholarship, and they determined 
they must be disbanded, even if not a student was left in 
cMlege. Two literary societies were formed, the Lyceum 
and the Caliopean, and these were the only societies except 
the Society of Religious Inquiry, allowed in college. I dis- 
tinctly remember Johnston wishing me to join his secret so- 
ciety, but I never did. I do not recollect Mr. Hobbs ever 
speaking to me on the matter ; how he happened to put my 
name down as a member I do not know. — George H. White, 
Grinnell, Iowa, to Walter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 
8, 1890. 

It seems from this that White could not have been a mem- 
ber ; I omit his name from the catalogue. — Frank D. Swope, 
Louisville, Ky., to Walter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., 
Nov. 23, 1800. 

The difficulty with Wittenberg chapter was its ephemeral 
existence, occasioned no doubt by the brief stay at Witten- 
berg of Joseph MacHatton, who was the founder of the 
chapter and an enthusiast in the order. — W^ H. Wynn, 
Ames, Iowa, to Walter B. Palmer, July 23, 1880. 


The minutes of the Ohio Alpha say that J. H. McRae 
was elected to and accepted membership, and was authorized 
to establish a chapter of <I> A at Hanover, April 27, 1852. 
I have a shadowy idea that he visited Miami University and 
was elected on the recommendation of Sam Hibben. I am 
not certain of this point, however. — Robert Morrison, Au- 
rora Springs, Mo., to F. D. Swope, Harvard University, 
April 14, 1886. 

My roommate and cla'ssmate, J. H. McRae, died early in 
l'^o3 (I forget the exact date), and shortly after his death 
Mr. Morrison wrote to me telling me of the papers in Mr. 
McRae' s possession, asking me to read them, and, if I were 
willing to take his place in the initiatory work of the frater- 
nity, to signify my willingness. I read the papers, and, of 
course, found nothing objectionable. As the matter was 
something entirely new to me I could have no objection to 
the fraternity, nor had I then formed any opinion on the ad- 
visability of such societies existing in a college. My sole 
reason for declining to go into the matter, as far as I can 
now recall the matter, was that I was nearing the time of 
my graduation, and it did not seem to me best to take part 
in it. Mr. Morrison also asked me if I could not see my way 
to take hold of the matter to approach someone in whom I 
had confidence and see if he would do so. I did this, and 
spoke to Dr. E. H. Rutherford, now of Paris, Ky., but found 
that he was already initiated into the B IT, and, of course, 
could do nothing. I then wrote to Mr. Morrison the facts of 
the case, and there the matter ended as far as I was con- 
cerned. I do not know that Mr. McRae ever visited Ox- 
ford, though he may have done so. He was from Texas 
and spent his vacations North, and may have gone there 
while I was at home. I do not know anything of the at- 
tempt to establish a chapter of your fraternity in 18C>() or 
1801. You will understand from the above that I then had 
no adverse views to the Greek fraternities. All such views 
have been formed since I became a professor. — J. B. Garritt, 
Hanover, Ind., to F. D. Swope, Harvard University, Dec. 
25, 1888. 

You spoke of the possibility of establishing chapters at 
Hanover and Franklin. Hanover 'played out' from some 
cause unknown to us, and we can not secure the proper 
materials to begin anew, for our motto is quality not quan- 
tity. — R. A. D. Wilbanks, Indiana University, to Kentucky 
Alpha, June 20, 1864. 


A copy of above being sent to Wilbanks he wrote Jan. 2, 
1889, to Frank D. Svvope: I have no recollection about it. 

South Hanover was the.:original name of the village, to 
distinguish it from a North Hanover or Hanover Center in 
Lake county. But about 18(54, there was so much trouble 
about the mail for the two places that a petition was sent on 
and the name of the post-office in Lake county was changed 
to Brunswick, and the 'South' was dropped from our name. — 
J. B. Garritt, Hanover, Ind., to F. D. Swope, Harvard Uni- 
versity, Dec. 27, 18S8. 

To the Kentucky Alpha of the <l> A : We, the attendant 
members of the Gamma chapter of the 4> A in the state of 
Kentucky, deeming our organization no longer necessary, 
or favorable to the welfare of the order, respectfully resign 

to you our charter, , President ; , Secretary ; 

, Warden. — E. S. Swain, George Miller, J. P. Mc- 
Millan, Danville, Ky., July 5, 1855. 

The Ohio Delta was established at the Ohio Wesleyan 
University during the college year 1850-'0O. It died some- 
time during the college year 18r>0-'(31 ; I can not give the 
exact time as I was not there after the commencement of 
1S(>().— A. P. Collins, Solomon City, Kan., to S. W. Car- 
penter, Cincinnati, Ohio, Oct. 12, 1874. 

The charter members, and the order in which they ap- 
peared on the charter, were as follows : A. P. Collins, D. 
Humphreys, C. H. Gray. To the best of my recollection, 
the order in w^hich the other members were received was as 
follows: Martin, Edgington, Bryfogle-^S Blackford, Sauser*, 
Knox'^, Dustin, Schnebly. Our charter was not granted by 
the Oxford chapter. When the Delta was established at 
Delaware, there was no live chapter of the fraternity then 
in existence in Ohio. Our charter was granted by the In- 
diana Alpha at Bloomington, which was then the Grand 
Alpha. I am glad to learn that the chapter at O. W. U. is 
now in running order. I mail to your address with this 
letter my copy of the 1800 catalogue. Allow me to make a 
suggestion if in order. Let the Grand Alpha establish if 
possible in good hands a chapter at the State University of 
Kansas. The institution is well endowed with lands by 
Congress, in addition to which the state makes ample pro- 
vision for its support. It is a good school, and must, as 

♦The reason these names are not included in our catalogue should be investi- 
gated.— W. B. Palmer. 


now, lead all educational iustitutious in this state. A well- 
managed chapter there would be an honor to the order. — A. 
P. Collins, Solomon City, Kan., to S. W. Carpenter, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, Nov. 22, 1874. 

I inclose the circular of Rev. Thomas Tracy, Kentucky 
Alpha, '65, who says that a man by the name of Lawrence 
Robinson, whose name is not in the last catalogue, was in- 
itiated at the same time as himself. Robinson has been 
dead a good many years, and the school with which he w^as 
connected, Presbyterian University, was broken up by the 
war. — Dwight N. Marble, Louisville, Ky., to E. H. L. 
Randolph, New York, N. Y., Jan. 17, 1891. 

You remember of my telling you that Thomas Tracy, 
Kentucky Alpha, '65, told me when here last December 
that Lawrence Robinson was a member of the Fraternity, 
though his name does not appear in the 1S83 catalogue. I 
went out to see his mother last week, and asked her if she 
knew anything about the existence of a chapter at Dr. 
Stuart Robinson's school, if she knew anything about Law- 
rence's connection with it, or with any other fraternity, or 
with any other college society of any kind, or if she had 
ever heard Lawrence mention this or any other fraternity 
before his death, or if she had ever seen him wear a badge 
anything like mine. To all of these 1 received negative re- 
plies, and had given up in despair and risen to go, when I 
asked her if Lawrence had left any pin or badge of any 
kind. She had one little pin, the only article of jewelry be- 
longing to him that was left. When she brought it out I 
saw it was a plain gold shield, hardly as large as a dime, with 
the eye and * <I> A ' on the face, and on the back ' L. C. 
Robinson, Ky.. r, '61.' Quite a find wasn't it? I ob- 
tained from Mrs. Robinson a short account of his life, and 
sent it to Randolph. — Dwight N. Marble, Louisville, Ky., 
to Frank D. Swope, Hernando, Fla., Feb. 22, 18i)l. 

Inclosed find extract from a letter from Marble which 
may be of some interest to you in the history. It was on this 
same point, I think, that I saw H. V. Escott for you a year 
or two ago. — Frank D. Swope, Hernando. Fla., to Walter 
B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., March 2, 1S91. 

Sometime ago I received a letter from the Illinois Alpha. 
The secretary of your chapter desired a response in regard to 
the assistance this chapter would give to yours in its efforts 
to print a monthly paper. You have had no reply ; at least 


the secretary has not been authorized to write anything in 
return. This is no part of an official communication, but 
for my part I am willing to take a copy of the Phi journal. 
Certainly I shall gladly subscribe for a copy if it will give 
any assistance or encouragement to its publication. It ap- 
pears to me that to publish a jt)urnal of the size of the At- 
lantic Monthly will be a task too great to be met, but you 
know you own facilities and resources for the accomplish- 
ment of the work better than I can. — W. H. Moore, Indiana 
University, to R. A. D. Wilbanks, University of Chicago, 
Dec. 13, 1S()5. 

Indiana Kpsilon was organized the fall of 1868, by Bro. 
Bergen, he having been initiated the summer before at his 
home in Franklin, Ind., by a Wabash student by the name 
of R. B. Stimson. I was the first member taken in by Bro. 
Bergen. After that we initiated Bros. Evans and Yocum. 
Evans was from Illinois and Yocum w^as from Greenville, 
Miss. We borrowed our badges from Wabash College, and 
appeared first at the fall exhibition of the Philel Society. 
Soon after we took in two more men, Thos. Cummings of 
Sedalia, Mo., and a man by the name of McCarthy of 
Logansport, Ind., which proved a severe blow to the new 
chapter, as McCarthy was expelled from college, and Cum- 
mings was a stumbling block until we finally expelled him 
from the chapter in 1870. In 1870 and 1S71 new life came 
into the chapter, and, when I left in 1872, we had some 
fifteen or twenty men — the best in the college. We had a 
hall that cost us $o()0 to furnish, which I understood was 
sold for the rent in 1875 or 1870. — J. L. Fletcher, to F. D. 
Swope, Jan. 25, ls8(>. 

It was at the solicitation of Bro. Stimson of Wabash, who 
was then residing at Franklin, Ind. (my home), and with 
whom I had long been acquainted, that I was initiated in 
the middle of the summer. My reason for attempting an 
organization at Hanover was because I did not like either of 
the existing fraternities and found as I believed good mate- 
rial for a * fraternity. My recollection is that we came out 
with the badges before the formal reception of the charter. 
They had all been initiated and were anxious to come out 
before it was found out. — S. S. Bergen to F. D. Swope, Feb. 
10, 1880. 

Bergen was initiated at Franklin, Ind. The meeting was 
held in the Runion House. There were present my brother, 
S. C. Stimson, now my law^ partner, and 1 think one or two 


others. Possibly Gabe Overstreet, Jr., of the Indiana Al- 
pha, then a lawyer at Franklin, and a brother by the name 
of Lambert son resident at Franklin, were present. I was at 
Franklin in 1868, spending my vacation, having just com- 
pleted my sophomore year at Wabash College, and, learning 
from S. S. Bergen the situation at Hanover, and that there 
were a number of first-class men at that college unconnected 
with any fraternity, I suggested to him the organization of 
a * chapter there. He adopted the suggestion, and I cor- 
responded with Charles Groenendyke, secretary of the Beta 
chapter at Crawfordsville, and had the matter laid before 
that chapter, and received authority to initiate S. S. Bergen 
at Franklin as the first step toward the organization of a 
Phi chapter at Hanover. The college at Franklin, if I re- 
member correctly, had at that time suspended its work, and 
the Delta chapter of Phis located there had become in a 
manner disorganized. At the initiation of S. S. Bergen we 
had the constitution and by-laws of the Beta chapter, which 
had been sent to me by express from Crawfordsville, and I 
think I furnished a copy to Bro. Bergen. — R. B. Stimson to 
F. D. Swope, Aug. 18, 1887. 

My impression is that there was some trouble at Bloom- 
ington at the time we were getting our charter. That may 
account for some of the trouble you find in getting a true 
history. The man that secured my initiation was Robert B. 
Stimson, 3201^ Ohio St., Terre Haute, Ind. Perhaps he 
can give you some information. Of one thing I am certain : 
he was too true a man to do anything that was not honora- 
ble to advance the order he loved so much. I have been 
told there was an attempt to establish a chapter at Hanover 
before the war but that is all I know about it. — S. S. Ber- 
gen to F. D. vSwope, Aug. 26, 1887. 

I am unable to state with any more certainty than my let- 
ter of the 18th who was present at the initiation of S. S. Ber- 
gen besides myself and S. C. Stimson, my brother, who was 
also a member of the Indiana Beta. I was at that time a 
very enthusiastic Phi, and felt that the fraternity was not 
gaining ground as it should. I was not fully acquainted 
with the powers of the Alpha chapter, which did not at that 
time seem to have as much vitality as the Beta chapter. I 
presume the organization of the fraternity is much more 
complete and the powers of the various chapters more clearly 
defined now than then, and our proceeding in the initiation 
of Bro. Bergen must naturally appear more irregular to you 


than it did to ns. The end justified the means, and I have 
always taken pride in the snocess of the chapter of Hanover. 
— R. B. Stimson to F. D. Swope. Sept. 7, 1SS7. 

Charter was granted to S. S. Bergen, J. L. Fletcher and 
W. T. Evans. It was signed by Samuel Dal ton. president; 
A. R. Howe, secretary, and Samuel Mahan. warden: these 
fellows of course being from Indiana Alpha. Meetings were 
held in Odd Fellows' rooms until Januar>- 2»*>. 1S70. — 'Hal' 
(H. C. Johnson , Hanover. Ind., to F. D. Swope, Harvard 
University, April 6, IS^^. 

This is only a renewing of an old chapter that was here 
before the war: it was the Epsilon chapter. We would like 
verv' much for vou to send us the charter soon. etc. — S. S. 
Bergen, to W. H. Moore, Indiana Alpha, Nov. 16, 18HS. 

Copy of this hax-ing been sent by F. D. Swope to Bergen 
he WTOte, Jan. -3. 1-^89: 

I readily recognize the letter you quote from and know 
that at the time it was written I had good reasons for be- 
liexnng that there had been a chapter at Hanover before, 
but what those reasons were I can not remember now. 

The Phi Delta Theta society will meet this evening in 
the lecture room of the opera house. The art galler>' will 
be open to the delegates and to the members of the society. 
An oration will be delivered by Hon. Orlan F. Baker, of 
Indiana. Capt. \Vm. P. Black, of Illinois, will read a poem. 
Delegates to the National Convention of the Phi Delta Theta 
societies will assemble at the Briggs House parlors this morn- 
ing at y o'clock. — Times, Chicago, 111.. June 9, 1S60. 

The annual reunion of the Phi Delta Theta, which took 
place in this city yesterday, was duly commemorated at 
Crosby's Concert Hall, last evening. A number of invita- 
tions had been extended and the gathering was large and 
decidedly fashionable. According to the programme, Hon. 
Orlan F. Baker, of Indiana, should have delivered the ora- 
tion, and Captain William P. Black, of this state, the poem ; 
but neither of these gentlemen made an appearance: and, in 
lieu, our home artist, J. F. Gookins, delivered a lengthy 
and very excellent poem on themes suggested by the occa- 
sion. At nine o'clock, the audience was invited to a private 
view of the art gallery, and, with seeing and admiring, an- 
other hour was spent with great enjoyment. Meantime, 
the hall had been cleared and at 10 o'clock Vaas' Band 
.struck up a lively waltz, and the pleasure of the evening 


was entered upou in real earnest. It was an enjoyable 
occasion and we hope the gentlemen of the Phi Delta Theta 
will reunite at Chicago again on the earliest opportunity.— 
Tribune, Chicago, 111., June 10, 1869 

The annual convention of the Phi Delta Theta association 
was held yesterday afternoon in one of the Briggs House 
parlors. The society being of a secret kind, the convention 
sat with closed doors. Delegates were in attendance from 
the states of Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, Tennes- 
see, New York and Illinois, and the proceedings were char- 
acterized by great good feeling. After the usual order of 
business had been tran.sacted, the following officers were 
elected : President, Orlan F. Baker, of Vincennes, Ind. ; 
Secretary, C. O. Perry, of Greencastle, Ind. At 5 o'clock 
the members of the association sat down to a magnificent 
dinner prepared by Messrs. Skinner and French of the 
Briggs House. About oO plates were laid, including those 
for the invited guests, and a general good time followed. In 
the evening the annual reception of the society was given in 
the lecture room of the opera house. Invitations had been 
issued by the Phi Delta Thetas, and the result was a hand- 
some gathering of ladies and gentlemen, including several 
persons of well-known literary and artistic ability. The 
programme had been arranged so that a short address of 
welcome could be delivered by President Baker, to be fol- 
lowed by the reading of an original poem by Capt. Will P. 
Black. Unfortunately, however, for those who had ex- 
pected something good from his pen, it was announced that 
Capt. Black had suddenly taken unto himself a wife, had 
gone on a wedding tour, and had thus forfeited his part of 
the programme. This announcement was received with 
much surprise by a majority of the audience, and it was 
whispered around that, although he might be supremely 
happy, they were terribly disappointed. 

But it was only for a short time, for when it was an- 
nounced that his place would be supplied by their artist 
brother, Mr. J. F. Gookins, the pleasure was noticeable in 
every part of the room ; and when Mr. Gookins stepped for- 
ward, he was greeted with applause worthy of the distin- 
guished artist. The subject of his poem was ' Charity, the 
Angel of Redemption.' Whilst the gentleman was reading 
it, the audience was considerably annoyed by the arrival of 
gentlemen and ladies whose footsteps were none the lighter 
because they came late. The poem, however, was well 


read, and at times received well-merited applause. It was 
interposed with humorous rhymes in sufficient number to 
make it laughably pleasing. Then should have come the 
address of welcome by the President, Mr. Baker, but unfor- 
tunately his whereabouts were not known, and an apology 
was necessarily made for his absence. This was done by 
Mr. Perry, who also stated that the society did not under- 
stand why the gentleman should be absent on such an occa- 
sion. The audience then passed out of the room to the art 
gallery above, where half an hour was spent in looking upon 
the many beautiful paintings. This was through the cour- 
tesy of Messrs. Aitken & Fuller of the art gallery. After 
viewing the many works of art, prominent among which was 
a landscape by the poet-reader of the evening, the company 
returned to the lecture room, and until an early hour this 
morning whiled away the time in dancing to the music of 
Vaas' Light Guard Band. — Times, Chicago, 111., June 10, 

The annual convention met this forenoon for the transac- 
tion of regular business. At 5 o'clock this afternoon, the 
members dined at the same place, on which convivial occasion 
a sumptuous repast was spread for twenty-five persons. 
Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Virginia were repre- 
sented Within the past week invitations have 

been issued to nearly 500 persons, of which the following is 
a copy: 



Literary Exercises. 

Wednesday eve fii fig, June ^th at S o'clock. Opera House 

Lecture Room, Chicago. 

Orator: Hon. Orlan F. Baker, Indiana. 

Poet: Capt. Wm. P. Black, Illinois. 

Committee of Invitation: Rev. Chas. Elliott, D. D., Illinois; Hon. 
Thos. H. Nelson, Indiana; Rev. Robert Morrison, Kentucky; Elam 
Fisher, Ohio; S. E. Mahan, Indiana; R. C. Story, Michigan; R. W. 
Bridge, F. A. Smith, W. H. Fitch, Jr., J. F. Gookins, H. C. Mabie, 
C. A. Stearns. 

Dancing and a private view of the art gallery at 9 o'clock. 

At 8 o'clock the opera house lecture room was filled with 
a brilliant assemblage, composed of the ban ton of Chicago 
society. Representatives of the Sans Soiici, Sans Cremonie 
and La Favorite clubs were present. After exquisite selec- 
tions by the orchestra, R. W. Bridge, Esq., President of 


the Convention, announced that the expected poet had mar- 
ried himself a wife and consequently could not be present. 
What had at first seemed a great loss would however be 
more than compensated by a poem from the pen of Chicago's 
favorite artist, J. F. Gookins. [Half a column of the poem 
* Charity, the Angel of Redemption' is given.] At the 
conclusion of the poem, Mr. Bridge stated that the orator 
had failed to put in his appearance, and invited those pres- 
ent to pass a half hour in the art gallery above. Several 
of the studios were thrown open, and with the gallery 
were soon filled by the elegant and appreciative crowd. 
After a pleasant promenade and a full view of the many 
attractions, dancing commenced in the lecture room below, 
the music furnished by six pieces from the Great Western 
Light Guard Band. — Republicayi, Chicago, 111., June 10, 

The second day's session of the Phi Delta Theta conven- 
tion was held yesterday in the Briggs House parlors. The 
number of delegates in attendance was largely increased, 
numbers having arrived by the trains on the previous even- 
ing. A large amount of business was transacted of import- 
ance to the order. The following officers for the ensuing 
year were elected : 

President: R. W. Bridge, Illinois. 

Vice-Presidents: Harvey Lee, Ohio, and R. V. Cantrell, Illinois. 

Secretary: Wm. Thomson, Illinois. 

Assistant Secretaries: J. B. Elam, Ohio, and L. B. Williams, Indiana. 

Marshal: D. M. Hillis, Illinois. 

Executive Committee: Elam Fisher and Harvey Lee, Ohio; F. A. 
Smith, Illinois; C. O. Perr\', Indiana; R. C. Story, Michigan; D. A. 
Planck, Kentucky; D. B. Floyd, Virginia; J. A. Owen, Wisconsin. 

President Bridge, on taking the chair, gave a short speech 
of congratulation to the convention, and a hearty welcome 
to the delegates from other states. Brig. -Gen. Thomas J. 
Morgan, of Rochester, N. Y., was chosen to deliver the ora- 
tion before the next annual convention, with Lycurgus Rails- 
back, of the Union Theological Seminary, New York, as al- 
ternate. Rev. Chas. Elliott, D. D., was re-elected poet for 
the next reunion of the order, with Gen. J. C. Black, of 
Champaign, 111., as alternate. The convention adjourned 
last evening, to reassemble at Oxford, Ohio, on the second 
Wednesday in May, 1870. — Rcpublicaji, Chicago, June 11, 

I have the honor to submit to you our first annual report. 
Our chapter was organized in May, 1869. Since that time 


it has been progressing in a very satisfactory manner. We 
first numbered four, now have ten. We have been very 
discreet in our selection, hax-ing the best material from the 
higher classes, and think that our chapter will compare 
favorably with any in the state, considering its youth. We 
yet lack one very essential thing, and that is a permanent 
home. We have been holding our meetings at the residences 
of members and in the school buildings, but prospects are 
growing brighter, and we hope ere many months to have a 
home in which we can welcome our brethren. — J. Lee Gor- 
don, Terre Haute, Ind., to Indiana Alpha, Jan. 29, 1S70. 

The delegates from the various chapters composing the 
Phi Delta Theta Fraternity met in the chapel of the theo- 
logical seminary on Wednesday the 8th of this month. They 
held sessions each morning, afternoon and evening, until 
Thursday evening, when the public oration was delivered, 
in the Second Presbyterian Church, by the orator of the oc- 
casion, Gen. Thomas J. Morgan, of Brownsville, Neb. The 
president of the convention, Mr. Chas. O. Perry, of Indian- 
apolis, Ind., announced that the poet, Mr. J. S. Walker, of 
Oxford, Ohio, owing to sickness in his family, was unable 
to be present at the convention. The oration of General 
Morgan was a chaste and classic effort, and was listened to 
by the large and brilliant audience with marked attention. 
The audience was entertained by the splendid music made 
by the choir of the church. The selections of pieces sung 
were made with special reference to this occasion. All can 
testify to how well they were executed. After the close of 
the at the church, the members of the convention 
with the invited guests repaired to James' Hall, to close the 
exercises of the evening with a grand banquet. The presi- 
dent of the convention, Mr. Chas. O. Perry, assisted by 
Gen. Morgan and some distinguished invited guests, pre- 
sided. The regular toasts were as follows, and were re- 
sponded to by the following gentlemen in an appropriate and 
elegant manner : 1. ' The Orator,' by General Thomas J. 
Morgan, of Brownsville, Neb. 2. * The Blue Grass La- 
dies,' by James Robinson, Crawfordsville, Ind. 3. 'The 
Phi Delta Theta Fraternity,' by W. F. Rankin, Oxford, O. 
4. ' Kentucky Hospitality,' by W. S. Tingley, Indianapo- 
lis, Ind. T). 'The Law,' by Jno. D. Goodloe, Danville, 
Ky. (). 'The President,' by Chas. O. Perry, Indianapolis, 
Ind. All of the responses were well received, and were fre- 
(juently interrupted by rounds of applause. Of the 100 or 


more persons present, we do not recollect any occasion 
where there was so large a percentage of beautiful young 
ladies. The convention assembled again on Friday morning 
for a short time before the delegates left for their homes. 
We understand the next regular convention of this frater- 
nity will take place at Athens, Ohio, in May, 1S7J5, at which 
time the quarter-centennial anniversary of this organization 
will be celebrated. The programme for that occasion will 
contain some very interesting features. It is expected to be 
the largest, most interesting and important convention ever 
held by this society. — Kentucky Advocate, Danville, Ky., 
May 17, 1<S72. 

Above is a correct copy of so much of the article as you 
may want. The convention was held in the Masonic Hall, 
and was thoroughly business-like in its character. The suc- 
cess of the convention of 1872 could not be referred to with- 
out speaking of the most valuable services of Bro. S. S. Ber- 
gen, an alumnus, and as whole-souled a Phi as one could 
wish to meet. At that time he must have been near forty 
years of age; we all took to him greatly. Delegates to this 
convention were entertained by the citizens of Danville, and 
no board was charged. I shall always remember my Dan- 
ville trip with great pleasure. — Charles B. Gaskill, Atlanta, 
Ga., to Walter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., June 12, 1885. 

We have ten men in college at present, which is the aver- 
age, our Fraternity being reported as high as any of them. 
The Zeta chapter of this state lost one member by his re- 
signing from the Fraternity, and only four of the other 
boys returned. These squandered all last term without do- 
ing anything, and then they sent in their charter and asked 
to become correspondent members of the Alpha. We yet 
have five chapters in Indiana — more than any other frater- 
nity. — A. W. Fullerton, Indiana University, to R. H. Mc- 
Clelland, University of Wooster, Jan. 30, ls73. 

It is something like pulling teeth to establish chapters in 
these eastern colleges. The older societies have the start, 
and have taken up all the good men. We have ' euchred ' 
them in several instances, and 'swung' some good men. 
We at present number 7iine — six sophomores, two freshmen 
and one junior — the undersigned. We are after a senior 
and a couple of juniors, and then we will suspend operations 
for the time being. — N. W. Cady, Cornell University, to 
E. M. Wilson, University of Wooster, Feb. 3, 1S7:5. 


At present there is considerable excitement here among 
the secret societies. Two members of the opposition so- 
ciety. B n, became dissatisfied with their society, and our 
boys took them. Hence, the Betas are considerably agi- 
tated on account of losing two of their best members. Next 
term when we all get in. there will be fifteen Phis. Our 
boys can get just what positions they want at commence- 
ment from the literar\' societv. Since I wrote we have 
taken in five new members. At present we are far above 
any other society in college, both in scholarship and social 
standing, and from present appearances will remain so. 
Indeed it now looks as if B n would breathe its last in our 
college at the end of this year. We have fifteen live, ener- 
getic boys who are true to the cause. — G. \V. Holland, Iowa 
Wesleyan University, to C. S. McClelland, University of 
Wooster, Feb. 10. ISTo. 

I suppose you heard our chapter at Greencastle was de- 
funct. H. Clay Darnell went back on the boys, and they 
became disheartened and sent in their charter. I do not 
think they had as much zeal as they might have had. All 
the other Indiana chapters are in good working order. The 
chapter at Franklin has been resuscitated, and is getting 
along nicelv. — Beverlv Gregor>', Brooklyn, Ind.. to Charles 
B. Gaskill,' Atlanta, Ga.. Feb.'lo, 1873. 

Our chapter is in a flourishing condition, having eight 
members and four correspondent. We also have one ready 
for initiation; all are good men. — O. J. Richards, Ohio Wes- 
leyan University, to G. E. Patterson, Universitv of Wooster, 
Feb. 2:;, 1n7:1 

r)ur chapter was in a very flourishing condition last term. 
We had thirteen active members, but several of them went 
to other colleges, leaving us only nine. We have initiated 
two making eleven. All of them have taken very good 
stands in their classes, and also in the literary societies. 
We have the first three in the freshman class, and two in 
the sophomore, but the X 4>'s have the first in the junior 
and senior classes. — L. C. Smith, Emory College, to E. M. 
Wilson, University of Wooster, March 2, 1878. 

Our chapter is getting along finely; eleven members on 
the roll now, one senior, two juniors, six sophomores and 
two freshmen. — Nelson W. Cady, Cornell University, to 
Charles B. Gaskill, Atlanta, Ga., March H, 1873. 

Our chapter is getting along very well. We have nine 
good men. Our literary societies elected orators for June, 


and five of them are * A 0's. There are three fraternities 
besides ours in college, B n, A K and A K ^ ; so you see 
we have opposition. Have you heard whether Virginia 
Beta has been established? — C. R. Anderson, Centre Col- 
lege, to E. M. Wilson, University of Wooster, March 4, 

You may mail the charter to my address. I will take the 
necessary steps to have the Georgia Beta constituted the 
Georgia Alpha. — G. F. O' Byrne, Miami University, to 
Charles B. Gaskill, Atlanta, Ga., March 15, 1873. 

We have ten men at present, with a fair prospect for 
more. We have three seniors. We will not get out a cata- 
logue this year. The news from all parts of the country is 
cheering — all chapters reporting success, and I believe our 
old ship is riding the waves proudly wherever it has been 
launched. — A. W. Fullerton, Indiana University, to R. H. 
McClelland, University of Wooster, March 16, 1873. 

I have had my eye on the University of Minnesota for a 
long time with the same end in view, but the proper time 
has not arrived yet. It is yet in embryo, and the faculty 
will not allow secret societies. But just as soon as it can 
be done you may be assured that I will attend to it. — A. M. 
Shuey, Minneapolis, Minn., to E. M. Wilson, University of 
Wooster, March 17, 1873. 

I would gladly join with you in the establishment of your 
Fraternity at Lafayette, but as I am at home now during 
vacation, I will be unable to see to it until I return to col- 
lege, at which time I will see what I can do and let you 
know. — J. C. Irwin, Indiana, Pa., to E. M. Wilson, Uni- 
versity of Wooster, March 29, 1873. 

We have twelve noble boys, all of whom take fine stands 
in their classes. There are two other secret fraternities 
here, 2 A E and X 4> (southern division ). The first has 
about twenty members, but some of them are very poor. 
The latter is in a rather poor condition: they would better 
rub out and commence again. I think I can truthfully ssly 
that our chapter is far ahead in Mercer. I suppose that a 
pleasant time is anticipated at our next convention. Of 
course, being so near, you will certainly send a delegate. I 
fear that our chapter will not be able to be represented in 
the convention this year, but we will send a delegate next 
time. — A. A. Marshall, Mercer University, to A. Z. Mc- 
Gogney, University of Wooster, April 18, 1873. 


I have returned to cx)llege and have been ascertaining the 
views of some as regards this matter, and as there are eight 
fraternities here at present there are very few men outside 
of them who are willing to join. I was this way myself be- 
fore you wrote me, but would be willing to join with you at 
present if a sufficient number could be got to go into the 
matter. But at present I can only find one man outside of 
any fraternity willing to join with me. Regretting my ina- 
bility to serve you further, and thanking you for your favor, 
I remain yours, etc. — J. C. Irwin, Lafayette College, to I^. 
M. Wilson, University of Wooster, April 19, 1S73. 

I am strongly tempted to take up the cudgel in behalf of 
our chapter accused by a gentleman from this institution of 
a lack of 'tone.' I myself am in doubt as to the precise 
meaning of the term. Perhaps he only meant we are not 
*loud,' don't get tight semi -occasionally, and don't conduct 
ourselves like the 'golden youth.* If so he was right. If 
he meant lack of brains he was certainly wrong. Our chap- 
ter has some of the finest intellects in the university, men 
who stand at the head in all their classes, and men who have 
never been 'conditioned.' We are not gifted with a superflu- 
ity of cash, and don't wear such fine clothes as many here, 
but still we keep up as good an appearance as any one here. 
There are several very 'high-toned* fraternities here, very 
high indeed, in which the main, and apparently only, requi- 
site for admission seems to be an abundance of money and 
'store cloths,' brains being a mere secondary consideration. 
Two of these 'high-toned' fraternities are plotting trouble 
for us as soon as they imagine we have served their turn. I 
speak from what I have seen, things that opened my eyes 
to what was going on while we were yet weak. Noiv they 
profess a great interest in us, for the Enx elections are soon 
coming, and they have logs to roll. Please tell me who it 
was that intimated our lack of ' tone' to you. I should like the 
honor of his acquaintance, as he is no doubt very 'high-toned' 
himself. We have received notice of the convention to be 
held at Athens and shall send a delegate. If things turn 
out as I expect them to, I shall be there as a delegate and 
hope to see you there, for I want to have a talk with you 
about matters and things connected with the Fraternity. You 
speak about our badge as not bearing a reputation for taste. 
Here at least it is regarded as the handsomest badge worn 
on account of its very simplicity and elegance. In my opin- 
ion the amount of enamel work that is on some badges sim- 


ply spoils them. Moreover, our badge has the merit of 
being distinctive, which the Z *, X ^ and other monogram 
badges are not. Many shield badges are so much alike in 
their enamel and 'ginger bread' work that it is difficult to 
distinguish one from the other. We number at present only 
eleven, but we have every prospect for the addition of at 
least two and maybe three more before the end of the term. 
— N. W. Cady, Cornell University, to E. M. Wilson, Uni- 
versity of Wooster, April 20, 1873. 

Your tax for the coming convention and anniversary of 
our Fraternity will be $l.oO for each active member. — Em- 
mett Tompkins, Athens, Ohio, to E. A. Galbreath, Univer- 
sity of Wooster, May o, 1873. 

We have been prospering finely since you heard from me. 
We now have fourteen men in college, three in the senior 
class and one professor. We shall have a banquet June the 
6th. Some of our brothers at Monmouth College will be 
with us at that time. We initiated a good man last week, 
a sophomore. The Betas tried hard to get him, but he 
thought we had the better chapter. We took him in, but 
kept the badge off for four days; and after he was a Phi, 
the Betas asked him to join them and pleaded with him. 
The next morning he wore the Phi badge. The Betas 
looked sold. — C. F. Knowlton, Iowa Wesleyan University, 
to C. T. Jamieson, University of Wooster, May 2-), 1873. 

I attended the convention at Athens. It was the first one 
of our conventions I ever attended, and I am not prepared 
to say it was the best we ever held, but I can say in behalf 
of the delegates that we never held a more enthusiastic one. 
We had five regular sessions, and we had so much business 
we did not get through with it. We revised the order of in- 
itiation and made it more impressive. We elected officers to 
take charge of the permanent fund we are raising, and we 
elected a * Grand Banker ' to manage it. We are going to 
try to equalize the expenses of the delegates, so that it will 
cost each chapter the same to send a delegate. We passed a 
motion to have Greek numerals in our next catalogue. We 
also decided upon an emblematic design for each chapter to 
hang in its hall. There was a motion to make a new classi- 
fication of the chapters — to classify them alphabetically in 
the order they were established, and do away with the state 
classification. The Terre Haute chapter sent a long letter 
to the convention asking to be taken back ; I do not think 
the convention took any action at all on it. I was surprised 


that the members asked to be received back after acting as 
thcv did in the matter. I believe these irere about all the 
pcvints of much importance brought before the convention. 
Elliott, the poet, was not there, but Ransford Smith's ora- 
tion was very fine. The banquet was very nice and well at- 
tended : in fact I call the convention a grand success. There 
were about fifty Phis sitting in the convention all of the 
time — more than we ever had before. I have never learned 
of any western fraternity having as large a convention as 
this one of ours was. The next convention will be held at 
Crawfordsville with our Beta chapter there, and it will be a 
splendid place for such a thing. I got acquainted at the 
cTinvention with Brother CM. Beck with, delegate from the 
University of Georgia. I tell you he is a fine fellow : he 
had more influence than any other man in the convention, 
and he made many friends, and gained much honor for the 
southern chapters. His speeches were eloquent, and when 
he would rise on the floor, the countenance of ever>' mem- 
ber would brighten with enthusiasm. They gave a party in 
his honor at Indianapolis on his return home. — Beverly 
Gregory, Brooklyn, Ind. . to Charles B. Gaskill, Atlanta, 
Ga., June 10, 1^73. 

Vours of '»Mth ult. received. I think verv little can be 
done here. Such organizations never found favor in the 
university. The old chapter 'fizzled.' The records are all 
U>st as I have heard. I do not know that I can aid you. — 
Wm. F. Vilas. Madison, Wis., to C. T. Jamieson, University 
of Wooster, June 3, ISTo. 

\U) not fear that Miami will close and that the Grand Al- 
pha will Ixr .sent el.sewhere. But should the Grand Alpha 
ever be removed from Miami, not only will Ohio, but the 
chapters in the different states, work against any scheme of 

carrying it into Indiana We number thirteen, four 

of whom are .seniors. We are the strongest fraternity here, 
— \). H. Pottenger, Miami University, to C. T. Jamieson, 
University of Wooster, June 5, is;:;. 

On Saturday the 7th inst. three young men from the Cali- 
fornia I'niversity met at my office in San Francisco — Cham- 
iHrrlain, Jack.scjn and Christy — and were duly initiated in 
the brothcrlKK>d. A finer trio of young men could not have 
Inren .selected from any institution, and I felt proud of them. 
They seemed full of zeal and interest in the order. After 
initiation, we opened the chapter by choosing temporary 
officers, and the secretary began taking minutes of the 


meeting. He opened his watch, saying, 'Let's make a 
note of the exact time when we commenced transactions as 
a chapter of the * A 0. * The hands of the watch were in 
immediate conjunction, at about 22 minutes past 4 p. m., 
which we took to be an omen of our future unity and har- 
mony as a chapter; and then commenced a hearty hand- 
shaking and expressions of a determination to make the 
principles and precepts of the order acknowledged and pro- 
fessed by many men of intellect, whose hearts would be 
swayed by affection and brotherly love. Elections of offi- 
cers for the current university term were then made. I 
accepted the office of president for the present, but before 
the expiration of this term we will have enough to carry on 
the chapter without me. We, immediately, on that day, 
7th day of June, sent for the charter. Yesterday the broth- 
ers met again at my office, and we initiated one man, and 
in one week, 19th inst., we shall initiate three others. We 
are very cautious and particular, so as to keep up to a high 
standard, being determined to have none but the cream of 
the classes. I have submitted a draft of the by-laws to be 
acted on at a subsequent meeting when we have become 
more numerous, and have thought that if you would send 
us a copy of your by-laws, it might give us a few valuable 
hints. We feel already under the strongest obligations for 
what you have done for us. We have taken measures to 
obtain information concerning other institutions in Cali- 
fornia, with a view of establishing other chapters and do all 
in our power to extend the order in this state. — L. S. Clark, 
San Francisco, Cal., to E. M. Wilson, University of Woos- 
ter, June 13, 187^. 

Oxford, Ohio, Aug. 22, 1873. To the members of the 
Ohio Delta, greeting: At a meeting of the members of the 
Grand Alpha chapter of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity, 
Aug. 11, 1873, it was decided to transfer the business of 
the Grand Alpha to the Ohio Delta, until the convention, 
with full power to transact the same in the name of the 
Grand Alpha, on account of Miami University being closed. 
Mr. Walter Spencer, who intends entering Wooster Uni- 
versity in September, was appointed to communicate the 
same to you, and to give any information concerning the 
business of the Grand Alpha chapter that you may desire. 
Hoping that you will cheerfully perform the duties devolv- 
ing upon Grand Alpha, we remain yours in the Bond of 
* A 0. — Z. T. Jones, secretary of Grand Alpha chapter. 




It would be of interest to the teamsters who hauled the 
brick for University Hall by wagon from the Missouri river 
in the early seventies to visit the campus now. The orig- 
inal building still stands, with nine modern structures in an 
uncertain half circle behind and alongside it. The charac- 
teristic levelness of the campus is now relieved by half- 
grown trees and artistic flower beds. A substantial iron 
fence is all that separates the little college world from the 
busy city at its gates. 

Nebraska's university was authorized by an act of its leg- 
islature in 1869. Its chief sources of revenue are a direct 
tax upon the people of the state, and the income from the 
leases of some 13(),0(K) acres of endowment lands, which 
have come into the university's possession through acts of 
congress providing severally for the maintenance of state 
universities, their industrial colleges, and agricultural ex- 
periment stations. It is intended that the university shall 
be a part of the public school system of the state, carrying 
on the work where the high schools leave ofiF. While the 
high schools remained below the necessary standard, the 
university filled up the gap by a two years' preparatory 
course, which the satisfactory preparation now given by the 
secondary schools has caused the authorities to abolish. 
The general government of the university is vested in a 
board of six regents elected for a term of six years. The 
principal schools and colleges are: The college of literature, 
science and the arts, the industrial college, the graduate 
school, the law school, and the school of agriculture. The 
first two colleges offer general, special and technical courses. 
The work is mostly elective in the last two years. 

Dr. George Edwin MacLean has been chancellor since 
1895. He is a man of broad culture and is firmly in the 
good graces of his students. He was called from the chair 
of the English language and literature in the University of 
Minnesota to take the helm at Nebraska. The policy of 
the administration is well given in the catch phrase, so fa- 
miliar with us, 'culture and agriculture' — the graduate 
school seeking after the highest culture, with the broad 
foundation of the school of agriculture giving simple and 
practical instruction in the sciences that enter into every- 
day life. 


The graduate school, since its inception in 1894, has had 
a remarkable growth. During the year 1897-8, 148 were 
candidates for advanced degrees. The state is particularly 
fortunate in having its school of agriculture an integral part 
of its university. The one faculty and equipment is thus 
enabled to a large extent to do the work of two. The state 
farm is two and a half miles from the campus and is con- 
nected with it by an electric car line. It comprises 320 
acres of cultivated land with seven buildings and is the 
scene of the experimental work of the agriculture, dairy and 
sugar beet schools and the U. S. experiment station. 

The law school offers to its students the opportunity to 
visit the legislature; also every kind of court from that of 
the justice of the peace up to the supreme court of the state. 
The libraries of the university, city, and the state are avail- 

Nebraska's faculty numbers more than two hundred, and 
among them are men of national and even international 
reputation. It is to these men that the institution owes its 
eminence in educational circles. They came here when 
things were new, shaped the course of the young college, 
formulated its policies and stood by it despite tempting offers 
from older and richer universities. A debt of gratitude is 
due these men which, I fear, will never be substantially 

Nebraska is essentially an agricultural state, and the uni- 
versity is deeply in touch with it. The crop and other bul- 
letins of the experiment station are a distinct help. The 
farmers' institute, the state dairymen's and the beet sugar 
associations, the state horticultural, agricultural and other 
kindred organizations hold conventions each year at the 
university, meet the university's science men and profit by 
contact with them. Pending the formation of state surveys, 
university professors are acting in the capacities of state 
geologist, botanist and chemist, respectively. 

The student body at Nebraska is western, is possessed of 
an honest poverty, is hard worked and hard working. It 
has the usual promenades, dramatics, minstrels, concerts 
and athletics, but isn't fond of play as a general thing and 
has to be forced into it by a few of the more frivolous. The 
military department is perhaps of the most universal interest 
among the men, because, since the drill is compulsory, so 
many are concerned in it. Military honors are much sought 
after, and to the proud cadet-major of the university regi- 
ment of '07-98 the action of the captain, who, in the early 

Chancellor GEim(;H IL. MacLkai 


days, resigued to beat the bass drum in ihe baud, is incon- 
gruous and not to be understood. In the national com- 
petitive drills of 1892, held at Omaha, the cadet battalion 
carried off the maiden prize — $1 ,5()(). A silver cup was given 
the battalion by the citizens of Omaha, and for this a com- 
petitive drill between the companies is held each year. The 
' nighty parade,' held at the end of examination week 
and just before the cadet encampment, is looked forward to 
eagerly, and with each parade new fantastic features are 
developed. It is the custom for the governor at commence- 
ment to present to the cadet officers commissions in the state 
militia, it being understood that in case of war these men, 
in consideration of their four years of practical and theo- 
retical military training, are to be given active commissions 
in the militia service. When the call for troops came last 
April, the holders of these commissions were ignored, and it 
was the men with personal or political influence who carried 
off the prizes. This fact made the governor's presentation 
of these commissions at last spring's commencement little 
more than a farce. 

Debating and oratory hold a prominent place in student 
activities. The literary societies, debating clubs and ora- 
torical association are prosperous and aggressive. Debates 
with universities of the immediately surrounding states are 
of great interest to the students. 

In athletics foot ball is the lion. The rivalry developed 
in the western inter-collegiate foot ball association, compris- 
ing the state universities of Kansas, Missouri, Iowa and 
Nebraska, has spurred Nebraska to her best efforts, and she 
has put out two pennant winning teams in the last four 
years. The lack of nearby rivals has kept Nebraska back 
in track athletics. There has been a revival of interest 
lately, however, and the track teams under the new physical 
director show decided improvement. University athletics 
are under the control of an athletic board of ten members, 
elected by the athletic association, five of whom are from 
the faculty and five from the students. This board last year 
adopted the rules of the Chicago conference of November, 
WM\, which rules have also been adopted by Michigan, Illi- 
nois, Wisconsin and Minnesota. At least a semester's gym- 
nasium work is required before a man can qualify for any 
track events. For the girls' part, they are simply wild over 
basket ball, and it is not an unheard-of thing to meet at a 
promenade a proud co ed blushing behind a black eye re- 
ceived in the afternoon's practice. If present plans are car- 


ried out, a team from Chicago University will be brought 
west this year for a match game. 

Several years ago the most noticeable peculiarity in the 
college atmosphere was the intense an ti- fraternity feeling. 
This has since almost entirely disappeared, and the fraterni- 
ties, always strong, are steadily increasing in numbers and 
influence. Phi Delta Theta, Sigma Chi, Beta Theta Pi, 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Delta Tau Delta, Phi Kappa Psi, 
Kappa Sigma, Alpha Tau Omega, Phi Delta Phi and Alpha 
Theta Chi (local) are represented. Kappa Kappa Gamma, 
Delta Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, Delta Delta Delta and 
Pi Beta Phi of the women's fraternities have chapters at Ne- 
braska. Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi have 
been recently established. 

The first attempt toward the establishment of a Greek- 
letter society in the University of Nebraska was made in the 
early part of 1872. J. Stuart Dales, our present steward, 
representing his classmates Frank P. Hurd, W. H. Snell, 
\V. M. Stephenson and Melick, did some corresponding with 
Alpha Delta Phi concerning the establishment of a chapter. 
Nebraska, however, was too far west, and he met with 
prompt discouragement. It was left for ^ A to be the fra- 
ternity pioneers in Nebraska. 

In 187") G. M. Lambertson, Indiana Delta (Franklin), '72, 
not long out of college and with a strong enthusiasm for Phi 
Delta Theta, got together a small crowd of men with the 
establishment of a chapter in view. These men were Clar- 
ence Rhodes, Amos E. Gantt, James Otis Sturdevant, Willis 
Sweet and Francis Marion Lamberton. Meetings were held 
in Judge Lambertson's office, a charter was soon secured, 
and arrangements were made to have some Phi from a 
distance come on to do the initiating. To the best of the 
recollection of Lambertson, Rhodes and Gantt, this man, 
whoever he may have been, failed to show up, and the men 
were never formally initiated. It evidently did not occur to 
Lambertson that he might do the initiating himself. The 
meetings became more and more infrequent, and with the 
close of the school year in June, \Xl^'\ the organization died 
a natural death. The affair scarcely assumed definite enough 
shape to receive notice from the faculty, either favorable or 
unfavorable. Of these old men Sturdevant has since died, 
Lamberton has been lost track of, while the other three, 
Rhodes, Gantt and Sweet, despite their slight fraternity ex- 
perience, still cherish a hearty interest in the present chap- 
ter. The charter and all records are lost. 



In Januar>', 1883, the Alpha Epsilon chapter of Sigma 
Chi was established in the university and entered on an 
active and prosperous career. In Januar>' of the following 
year the re establishment of Nebraska Alpha put a healthy 
rival in the field with Sigma Chi. 

Arthur Eyman Anderson, a member of Indiana Gamma, 
entered the university in the fall of 1883, and at once saw 
the feasibility of gathering about him the Phi Delta Theta 
associations he had left behind him in Butler College. He 
carefully picked his men and with the help of P. L. Sever, 
then president of the province, soon secured the charter. 
It bears date of December 10, 18S3, with the following as char- 
ter members : Edmond John Churchill and George Conway 
MacMillan, '85 ; George Bell Frankforter and James Robert 
Force, '8(5 ; Elton Henry Fulmer, '87 ; Arthur Eyman An- 
derson, Roy George Codding and Caleb Almon Canaday, *88. 

Anderson, with the assistance of Fulmer, initiated the 
men at the home of Conway MacMillan the evening of Jan- 
uary 5, 1884. In recognition of his efforts in securing the 
charter, 'Papa' Anderson was elected the chapter's first 
president. An attempt was made to keep things quiet un- 
til the badges, which were immediately' ordered, could be 
secured. A letter to The Scroll, however, gave it awaj^ 
to the Sigs, and the existence of the chapter became gener- 
ally known. It was not very gracefully received by the 
Sigs or the Barbs. Acting Chancellor Manatt is said not to 
have been in favor of secret societies, but he put no active 
opposition in their way. 

The men remained in the literary' societies and took a 
prominent part in their work. The first gun in the 'Frat- 
Barb' fight was fired in May, 1884, when the Barbarian 
leader challenged MacMillan to a debate on the fraternity 
question. Mac. saw the futility of such a debate and de- 
clined. The Barbarian, not to be put off, arranged a debate 
between two lower-class men and took his shot in a general 
discussion which followed. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma appeared in the fraternity horizon. 
May 30, 1884. Their organization was a direct result of a 
suggestion of one of our men to one of the Kappas' charter 
members. They were banqueted by the Phis commence- 
ment week. 

The final meeting of the year was held after this banquet. 
There was a general squaring up, a sort of 'experience 
meeting,' and the crowd broke up with the best hopes and 
prospects for the fall. In the '83 Sombrero Nebraska Alpha 


had this to say for herself: *The prospects for fraternities 
in the N. S. U. are very encouraging. The university is 
young. Only fifteen years have elapsed since it was estab- 
lished. It is growing, however, very rapidly and gives 
promise of a bright and glorious future. The banner of the 
Phis is placed here to stay. Nebraska Alpha chapter is 
loyal and enthusiastic, and, with its favorable outlook and 
elevated tone, it hopes to advance into the front ranks of 
the hosts of Phi Delta Theta. ' 

All the charter members were back in the fall of 1884, 
and Newcomber and Gates were soon initiated, making ten 
men. The Sigs had a numerical strength of seven. Early 
in this year the growing bitterness of the Barbarians against 
the Greeks came to a head. The fight was precipitated in 
October by the introduction into the literary societies of a 
constitutional amendment to exclude fraternity men from 
membership. The Barbs cited cases in other colleges where 
fraternities had killed the literary societies. This was their 
ground for action, and to show that they were actuated by 
principle alone the amendment was not made to include 
those fraternity men already in the societies. After a long 
hard fight the amendment was passed at a joint meeting, 
and the fraternities immediately withdrew. This left the 
two societies, the Palladian and Union, without presidents 
and several minor ofl&cers. Steps were at once taken to 
form a literary society among the Greeks, and the 'Philo- 
dician* was the result. It had a very prosperous existence 
for a time, but the growth of literary exercises in fraternity 
meetings soon caused its decline. 

From 1885-6 to 1891 the chapter varied in size from six 
to fourteen men. The hall in the State Block, the two 
front rooms and *goat-pen,' was secured in the fall of 1885. 
Odd as it may seem, the fight for men then was not wholly 
between us and the Sigs, but the Barbs also had to be over- 
come. However, no particular difficulty was experienced 
in winning men to the fraternity side. 

In 1887 there were but 300 students in college, of which 
number almost an even tenth w^ere fraternity people, divided 
among Sigma Chi, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Kappa Alpha 
Theta and Phi Delta Theta. In 188S-9 Beta Theta Pi ap- 
peared with seven charter members and Delta Gamma with 

In May, 1889, we entertained the Eta province conven- 
tion. Iowa Alpha was represented by E. H. Scott; Kansas 
Alpha by William Allen White and V. L. Kellog; and Min- 


nesota Alpha by W. L. Stockwell. A most enjoyable ban- 
quet was given. It Ss interesting to note that Mr. Stockwell 
responded to the toast. 'The National Fraternity,' and went 
directlv back to Minneapolis to take part in the D. K. E. 

The men of the early chapter were an earnest and ener- 
getic lot. The prominent part they took in all the depart- 
ments of college life and activity is remarkable, though due 
in part no doubt to the small number of students in the 
university- and the correspondingly enlarged sphere of the 
individual. The back elections to Phi Beta Kappa show a 
number of Phis greater than any two of the other fraterni- 
ties put together can boast. Their literar>' exercises were 
carefully prepared and had a real merit. 

The chapter has always maintained a ver>- strict moral 
code, particularly the older chapter. It is reported that at 
one time exception was taken to the advertisement of cigar- 
ettes in The Scroll. In a letter to Mr. Palmer, Conway 
MacMillan says: *In those days at Nebraska, a veiy rigid 
code was maintained by some, and I recall that one man I 
wanted initiated was almost unanimously black-balled, be- 
cause a member had been told by another individual that he 
had distinctly noticed an odor akin to that of beer on the 
candidate's breath. I attribute the success of the Nebraska 
chapter in great part, however, to the strong, although per- 
haps narrow, self-respect and austerity which it maintained 
throughout the years when the little Nebraska institution — 
little in those days — was learning the college customs of 

The year ls03-4 was the only time the number of men 
returning has been dangerously small. But six men re- 
turned in the fall. The initiation of nine men during the 
year, however, put the chapter safely on its feet again. 

During the summer of 1894 the hall was remodeled, re- 
furnished and enlarged. This gave us as our quarters the 
entire third floor of the State Block — seven rooms entirelv 
shut out from the outside. The two front rooms were 
elegantly papered and draped and fitted with hard wood 
floors. The other rooms were used as bed rooms. Here for 
the next three years from six to ten of us lived, and Bo- 
hemia, much Bohemia, reigned supreme. Here we had our 
dancing parties; here in ISOo we had our first alumni ban- 
quet. It was in the old hall that we had our loveliest 
rough-houses, our wildest stag hops and war dances, our 
impromptu burlesques and living pictures. Memories crowd 


upon each other at the very mention of the old hall, and it 
was with the keenest regret that it was finally given up after 
twelve years of uninterrupted possession. 

Two years of house talk culminated in a removal in the 
fall of 1897. The hall had long since been outgrown, and, 
besides, a house was altogether a more desirable home for 
the Fraternity. After some lively scouring around the 
Betas were prevailed upon to take the lease on the hall off 
our hands, and the home of Brother C. A. Atkinson was 
secured. The move was made at once, and by Sunday be- 
fore the opening of the fall term we were comfortably set- 
tled in our new home and had four men initiated. Mr. E. 
N. Robinson, Zeta Psi, from Brown University, our foot ball 
coach, lived with us during the season, and his company was 
thoroughly enjoyed. W. H. Hayward represented us in 
foot ball as the right tackle of the 'varsity, and W. H. Oury 
as manager. To Oury is due the credit for the innovation 
of a foot ball park on the campus. The chapter gave a coach- 
ing party to the Kansas game. 

Through the efforts of Brother Randall, a chapter house 
fund has been established. The scheme adopted is that each 
member, upon graduation, shall sign five notes for five dol- 
lars each, falling due one each year for the five years imme- 
diately following graduation and drawing ten per cent, 
interest from the date the first note reaches maturity. Five 
hundred dollars has already been raised in the active chap- 
ter. The alumni has not as yet been ' touched up. * 

Brother Tukey's energy resulted in the establishment of 
a culinary department at the beginning of the second semes- 
ter, and of all the pleasant features of life in a house. Brother 
Tukey's department takes the palm. 

The fourth alumni banquet was held at the house March 
12, 1898. Thirty-seven enthUvSiastic Phis — from freshmen 
to the gray-haired General Webster — sat down to the table. 
Judge Lambertson was present — the first Phi banquet he 
had attended since the convention banquet of 18S9. 

With the beginning of the second semester a series of 
chafing-dish parties was inaugurated. Each of the women's 
fraternities was entertained in turn, the chapter vaudeville 
was gone through with, and the parties were counted a great 
success. The Saturday night meetings throughout the year 
have been characterized by an unusual earnestness and a 
great zeal for the welfare of the chapter. Literary exer- 
cises have been kept up, and a number of very creditable 


programs have been given. CuTTent topics have been thor- 
onghly discossed at each meeting. 

When the call for volunteers came onr chapter responded 
□obly. Of the eleven Nebraska Alpha men lo the service 
seven hold commissions, while the other four are non-com- 
missioned officers. Seven of these men were from the active 
chapter, but as they were nearly all seniors the chapter will 
not be materially weakened the coming fall. 

R.\l.PH S. MuELLEK, Xebraska, '9S, 


It seems very fitting that the semi-centennial convention 
of the Fraternity should be held in Ohio, and that Colum- 
bus should be chosen as the city in which the visiting Phis 


should assemble. Founded at Miami University, Oxford, 
in this stale, the Fraternity now comes for its first conven- 
tion fifty years later in the capital of the commonwealth 
which gave it birth. It is an honor to any body of Phis to 
entertain the national convention, and the members of the 
Fraternity living in Columbus and central Ohio are appreci- 
ative of this fact ill the selection of Columbus for the 1898 

The city is Ihe capital of the state and has a population of 
130,OfX), It is in the geographical center of the state, and 
from it a network of railroads diverges in all directions, 
putting the most remote portions of the state within a half 


day's railroad distance of the city. The trunk lines — Penn- 
sylvania, Big Four, and Baltimore and Ohio — put it on the 
direct line of travel from the east, west and south-west. 
The new union station, completed in 1897, is a model of its 
kind and is unsurpassed in beauty by any other station in 
the country. Columbus is the seat of a number of state in- 
stitutions, each of which possesses points that will be of in- 
terest to visiting Phis. Chief among these of course is the 

Ohio State Usn 

-The Main lirir.m 


Ohio State University. Founded under the land grant act 
of ISGiSasthe Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, 
its admirable location being made possible by the generosity 
of the city, it developed along the lines of its original char- 
ter, until in ths early eighties the state started on the liberal 
policy which has resulted in the building up oE a true uni- 
versity, with an income and equipment which rank it with 
its sister state iu'ititutians of Michigan, Wisconsin and Min- 
nesota. .The beautiful park-like grounds of the university 
are three miles north of the capitol, and its twelve buildings 

will be open to all visitors during the convention. In the 
afternoon of Thanksgiving day the annual foot ball game 
between Ohio Stale Uuiversiiv and Ohio Wesleyan Univers- 
ity will occur on the university athletic field. 

The state capiiol, which, by the way, is to undergo ex- 
tensive remodeling and enlargement this coming year, stands 
on a large park in the center of the city and is a splendid 
example of massive hut plain architecture. Besides the 
usual features of interest in such a building, Phis from the 
north and south will be interested in the museum of war 
relics, which contains an extremely valuable collection of 


Thk^taklinc. Mkiucai. Colleck. 

flags of the Union and Confederacy. Within a few minutes 
ride of the center of the city are the state institutions for 
the blind and for deaf mutes, schools enrolling respectively 
3-">0 and 275 pupils, and models of tlieir kind. The Ohio 
penitentiary is the largest penal institution in the United 
States, and to it are sent more United States prisoners than 

Thk Ohio 1m 


The O. S. I'. J 


to any place ill the country. Over 2,300 men are confined 
within its stone walls, and a visit througti its corridors and 
shops is replete with interest and instruction. In the prison 
annex are confined until execution all men condemned to 
death, the electrocution chair being a gruesome ornament of 
this department. To the west of the city are the state in- 
stitution for imbeciles, with its model farm, and the Colum- 
bus state hospital for the insane, to walk about whose con- 
tinuous walls means a trip of one and a half miles. 

The Chittenden Hotel is to be the headquarters of the 
Fraternity during the convention. It is but two blocks from 
the union station and is in the business ceuter of the city. 


It is a haDdsome buff brick fire pro jf biuidLiig, erected some 
three years ago to replace the old hotel of the snme name, 
which was destroyed by fire the year before. Its handsome 
lobby is so arranged as to make it an ideal place for the ral- 
lying of the Phis, while the accommodations as to rooms 
and table are first-class in every way. The rales will be $3 
per day. Members cau reduce this to $2. .Ml per day by two 
occupying single rooms together. Street cars to all parts of 
the city pass the door every five minutes. 

The Phis of Columbus have formed an organization as 
the Central Ohio Association of Phi Delia Tiieta Alumni, 
and have been granted a charter by the General Council. 

There are some thirty-five alumni living in the city. The 
prosperous Ohio Zeta chapter at the university usually num- 
bers from sixteen to twenty men. and maintains a chapter 
house at High street and Seventh avenue. This is on the 
way to the university and is reached by street cars passing 
the hotel entrance. 

As to the program of convention week, not all particu- 
lars have yet been arranged, but it may be .said that be- 
sides the business sessions it will include ( 1 ) an informal 
smoker at the Ohio Zeta chapter house ; ( 2 ) the convention 
banquet; (3) a general reception tendered visitors by the 
local alumni and their friends; (4) an informal theater party, 


and possibly public literary exercises at the university audi- 
torium. The Phi who comes within our gates that week is 
assured of his welcome, and our hospitality will be limited 
only by our abilities. Travel is education . Commingling 
with fellow-men of kindred tastes broadens one and incites 
one to one's best attainments. The semi-centennial conven- 
tion of Phi Delta Theta will afford to the undergraduate and 
to the alumnus an opportunity to enjoy Thanksgiving week 
of 181)8 in a way above any other. The Phis of Columbus 
and Ohio Zeta hope to greet a host of their brothers on 
that occasion. 

John Edwin Brown. 



First Lieut. Cyrus S. Radford, Sncance, '84, marine corps, U. S. S. 

Lieut. J. B. Palton, Souih CaroHna, '87, past ass't engineer, U. S. S. 

Lieut. L. W. Spralling, Auburn^ '8(>, past ass't surgeon, U. S. S. Col- 

Ensign L. R. DeSteiguer, Oliio^ \S7, U. S. S. Mottlgotncty. 

Ensign W. H. Ulsh. (it'l/ysb/ifx, *S)0, ass't surgeon, U. S. S. Yankton. 

Ensign W. T. Cluverius, Tulant\ '1)4, U. S. S. Scorpion ^ Guantananio, 

Ensign Raymond Stone, .llabania, '01, U. S. S. .Uliancc. 

Ensign S. B. Palmer, Mercer, ".K), surgeon, U. S. S. Annapolis. 

Ensign W. H. Thomson, Jr., Cornell, 'i>8, ass't engineer, inspection 
duty, Klniira, N. Y. 

Naval Cadet J. W. Fesler, Indiana, 'SO, U. S. vS. Vermont, 

Seaman J. W. Judson, Michiiian, 'OO, Michigan naval reserves, U. S. 
S. }'osemi/e. 


Brigadier-general ( U. S. V.) Henry V. N. Boynton, A'. J/. /., '58, Camp 
Thomas, Chickamauga. 

Colonel Frederick Funston, A'ansas, ''.»2, 20th Kansas,* San Francisco.t 

Lieutenant-colonel Devereux Shields, Seu't:'/ee, '8(), 2d Mississippi, 

Lieutenant-colonel J. B. McDonald, .luburn, '01, 2d Alabama, Jack- 

♦ All state troops are understood to be volunteer infantr>', unless otherwis« 

T Stations given are those of the last week of the war, in most cases. 


Major Edgar Jadwin, Lafayette^ '88, 8d U. S. V. Kngineers, Jefferson 

Barracks, Mo. 
Major W. F. Starley, Jr., I'irgiuia^ '9:5 [Sncatur, '01), surgeon 1st 

U. S. V. I., Galveston, Texas. 
Major M. W. Beck, (r'eoriria, '82 {Mississippi, '81), 8d Georgia, Grif- 
fin, Ga. 
Major Richard A. Barr, I'andcrbilt, '92, surgeon 1st Tennessee, San 

Major Ben X. Smith, Knox, '90, judge-advocate, staff of Gen. Mer- 

ritt, Manila. 
Major R. \V. Johnson, Jr., Knox, '7<5, surgeon U. S. V. (captain and 

ass't surgeon U. S. A.). 
Major Edward L. Pinckard, Alabama, '8(), 2d U. S. V. Engineers, 

Ft. Sheridan, 111. 


Edgar Russel, Missouri, '82, U. S. V. signal corps (1st lieut. Hth Art. 
U. S. A.). 

Frank B. Hawkins, Washington and Jefferson, '90, Co. D, 10th Penn- 
sylvania, Manila. 

AV. H. Oury, Nebraska, '97, Co. B, 1st Nebraska (2d lieut. U. S. A.), 

Geo. H. English, Jr., Missouri, '97, Co. I,oth Missouri, Chickaniauga. 

W. H. Hayward, Nebraska, '97, Co. C, 2d Nebraska, Chickaniauga. 

J. W. Clark, loica IVesleyan, '92, Co. M, 51st Iowa, San Francisco. 

J. R. Hodges, Mereer, '85 {/Ctnory, '8')), Co. B, od Georgia, Griffin, Ga. 

H. C. Armstrong, Jr., Auburn, '87, Co. H, IM Alabama, Mobile, Ala. 

\V. W. Davies, Jr., North Carolina, '91, Co. A, ^<S. Georgia, Griffin, Ga. 

E. W. Winfield, Virginia, '92 ( Vanderbilt, '89), U.S. V. signal corps. 

W. M. Walker, Alabama, '9:5, 5th U. S. V. I., Santiago. 

H. M. Bankhead, Alabama, '97, 5th U. S. V. I., Santiago. 

Randolph Buck, Sewanee, '87, 2d Mississippi, Jacksonville. 

D. Y. Beckham, Central, '9(5, Co. C, 2d Kentucky, Chickamauga. 
M. A. Reeve, Sewanee, '94, Co. K, 3d Tennessee, Chickamauga. 

H. C. Alexander, / 'anderbilt, '95, Co. K, 4th Tennessee, Knoxville, 

Romaine Boyd, Alabama, Alabama V. I., Jacksonville. 

E. K. Everts, Indianapolis, '75, ass't surgeon U. S. A. 

R. W. Dowdy, Seicanee, *84, Adjutant-general's office (U. S. A., re- 
cently retired). 
H. P. Williams, loioa, *95, chaplain 51st Iowa, San Francisco. 

F. W. Foxworthy, DePauw, '94, ass't surgeon KiOth Indiana, Newport 

John B. Haden, Pennsylvania, '91 {Seivanee, '88), ass't surgeon 12th 
New York, Chickamauga. 


Chas. G. Haines, Missouri, M».S, commissary 3d Missouri. 

C. M. Miller, Richmond, '90, ass't surgeon, Virginia, V. I. 


Guy E. Manning, Ohio Weslcyan, '1)3, 3d Ohio, Tampa. 
R. M. Wilson, WashiiiirtoHy '97, 1st Missouri, Chickamauga. 
Philip H, Stern, C. C. X. )'., MU, 5th T. vS. V. I., Santiago. 
J. R. Vidmer, Alabama, 'Ho, adjutant 2d Alabama, Jacksonville. 
R. S. Edmunds, Missouri, '1»9, Co. I, oth Missouri, Chickamauga. 
H. B. Walker, Missouri, '93, Co. M, oth Missouri, Chickamauga. 
E. T. Miller, Ohio Wcsleyau, '9.'), staff of Gen. J. Warren Keifer, Jack- 
G. C. Conner, Jr., Mercer, '93, Co. F, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 
E. L. Glasgow, Kansas, '90, Co. M, 20th Kansas, San Francisco. 
V. M. Elmore, Jr., Auburn, '97, Co. D, 2d Alabama, Jacksonville. 
Oscar Wilder, Sewanee, '9S, Co. B, 1st Kentucky, Porto Rico. 

E. H. Agnew, Kansas, '97, Co. D, 20th Kansas, San Francisco. 
H. H. Seckler, Kansas, '9S, Co. C, 20th Kansas, San Francisco. 

D. S. Fairchild, Jr., loTca, '94, ass't surgeon olst Iowa, San Francisco. 
Frank H. Hamilton, liiinois, '95, 2d U. S. V. Engineers (resigned — 

captain engineers, Illinois National Guard). 
H. P. Jones, Tulane, '93, ass't surgeon U. S. V. 

F. E. Bamford, Wisconsin, 'S7, l^th Inf. U. S. A., Fort Huachuca, 

A. B. Johnson, Knox, 'I'l, 17th Inf. U. S. A., Santiago. 

Alex. S. Porter, Dickinson, '87, ass't surgeon U. S. A. 

W. S. Alexander, California, '77, 4th Art. U. S. A.. Porto Rico. 

Samuel G. Jones, Scivance, '83, oth Cav. U. S. A., Santiago. 

W. L. Simpson, Lansinj^, 'SI, 9th Inf. U. S. A., Santiago. 

J. M. Kennedy, South Carolina, '84, ass't surgeon U. S. A. 

H. E. Gettier, (leiiysburg, '93. ass't surgeon Pa. V. I. 

W. H. French, lo'ca Uesleyan, '93, Co. M, 5 1st Iowa, San Francisco. 

C. H. Tebault, Jr., Tulane, '90, medical supply dep't, Santiago. 

W. H. Winship, Auburn, '90, 2d Georgia, Tampa. 


E. W. Hearne, /oTi'a IVesleyan, '94, Co. F, 51st Iowa, San Francisco. 
W. C. Mentzer, Xebraska, '95, Co. I), 51st Iowa, vSan Francisco. 

W. B. Bankhead, Alabama, '93, U. S. A. 

Otho W. B. Farr, Colby, '92. Battery A, 2d Art. U. S. A., Santiago. 

James B. Kemper, Cincinnali, '99, 14th Inf. V. S. A., Manila. 

A. W. Brent, Missouri, '00. Olh Missouri. Jacksonville. 

W. M. French, Hillsdale, '90. adjutant 21st Kansas, Chickamauga. 

W. C. Harkins, Alabama, '99. 5th U. S. V. I., Santiago. 

Clay Allen. Xorlhrceslern, '98, adjutant 22d Kansas, Camp Alger, Va. 


David G. Anderson, Pennsylvania, '91, 2d U. S. V. Engineers, Hono- 
lulu, H. I. 

L. A. Curtis, Wisconsin, •'.)4. Co. I, 12th Inf. U. vS. A.. Montauk Point, 
N. Y. 

P. W. Russell, Sebraska, '98, Co. D, 1st Nebraska, Manila. 

C. V. Nusz, Xehraska, '95, Co. M, 2d Nebraska, Chickamauga. 

R. C. Hazelhurst, Mcner, '87, Co. F, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 

E. O. Weber, Xebraska, '95, Co. K, 1st Nebraska, Manila. 

Andrew Hudson, Kansas, '99, Co. H, 22d Kansas, Camp Alger, Va. 

T. F. Roddy, Xebraska, '98, Co. A, 2d Nebraska, Chickamauga. 

J. F. Crook, Alabajna, '89, Co. H, .Sd Georgia, Griffin. Ga. 

J. T. Bullen, Auburn, '82, Co. A, 2d Alabama, Jacksonville. 


Sergeant-major Royall H. Switzler, J/mc*/^//, '98. 5th Missouri, Chicka- 
mauga (later second lieut., Co. B). 

Sergeant-major B. 1). Whedon, Nebraska, '99, 1st Nebraska, Manila. 

Sergeant-major Robt. L. Moorhead, Indianapolis, '9(>, 158th Indiana, 

Sergeant-major Tom T. Connally, Texas, '98, 2d Texas, Jacksonville. 

First Sergeant R. G. Cousley, WesUninster, '00. Co. M, 4th Missouri, 
Camp Alger, Va. 

First Sergeant T. G. Fee, hnca, '00. Co. E, 50th Iowa, Jacksonville. 

First Sergeant Robt. W. Brown, Missouri, '9<). 4th Missouri, Camp 
Alger, Va. 

First Sergeant R. P. Dow, Centre, '94, Co. K, 2d Kentucky, Chicka- 

First Sergeant C. A. Gleason, Case, '99, Co. C, 5th Ohio, Tampa. 

Color Sergeant Richard G. Holmes. Lajayclle,\)\), 1st Colorado, Manila. 

Line Sergeant Otis W. Cole, Lansinir^ '()«», Co. K, .Slst Michigan, 

Second Sergeant A. S. Williams, .llabama, '97, Co. C, 2d Alabama, 

Sergeant Andrew Cooke, Xorlhieesfern, '99, Co. M. 1st Illinois V. Cav., 

Sergeant A. W. GifTord, Imliana, '9() (acting second lieutenant), lOOth 
Indiana, Newport News, Va. 

Sergeant L. A. Westerman, Xebraska, '97, Co. H. 2d Nebraska, Chicka- 

Sergeant W. A. Kah, Ohio State, '(X), 8d Ohio, Tampa. 

Sergeant R. W. Haggard, Xebraska, '98. Co. K, 2d Nebraska, Chick- 

Sergeant F. G. Gardner, Cornell, '91, Troop F, 1st Illinois V. Cav.. 

Sergeant G. R. Lewis, Xebraska, '97, Co. F, IM Kentucky, Newport 
News, Va. 


Sergeant A. M. Baker, Emory, 'OH, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 

Sergeant H. E. Wynne, Georgia, '87, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 

First Corporal W. C. Banks, Alabama, '95, Alabama, Jacksonville. 

Corporal C. W. Richer, Washington and Jefferson, '96, Co. I, 10th 
Pennsylvania, Manila. 

Corporal Jason Randall. loica IVesieyan, '9i), Co. F, 51st Iowa, San 

Corporal C. A. Ilearne, forca ires/eyan, 'iH>, Co. F, 51st Iowa, San 

Corporal K. C. Corley, /oti'a Wesleyan, 'iXJ, 50th Iowa, Jacksonville. 

Corporal W. M. Purman, Cornell, '95 {Lehigh, '94), 1st U. S. V. En- 
gineers, Porto Rico. 

Corporal C. C. Collins, Central, '94, lM Kentucky, Chickamauga. 

Corporal J. ly. Rogers, Hanover, '01, Co. F, 159th Indiana, Camp Al- 
ger, Va. (later in hospital corps, Santiago) . 

Corporal G. B. Sierer, Kansas, '98, Co. D, 22d Kansas, Camp Alger, Va. 

Corporal Frank Henley, Purdue, '(X), l()Oth Indiana, Newport News. 

Corporal R. D. Tyler, Case, '98, Co. C, 5th Ohio, Tampa. 

Corporal J. K. Ragland, Wisconsin, '99, Co. I, 5th Missouri, Chicka- 
mauga (now in 3d U. S. V. Engineers, Jefferson Barracks, Mo.) 

Corporal J. H. Byerly, Case, '95, Co. B, 71st New York, Santiago. 

Corporal F. W. Lambert, Iowa Wcsleyan, '97, Co. K, 50th Iowa, Jack- 


Karl C. Banks, Wabash, '00, U. S. A. 

Jesse B. Williams, Indianapolis, '90, hospital corps, U. S. A., Jack- 

Geo. F. Maitland, Missouri, '99, Co. A, 1st U. S. V. Engineers, Porto 

ly. G. Coleman, Washington, '98, 1st U. S. V. Cav. (Roosevelt's Rough 
Riders), Santiago. 

George Judson, \orth7cestern, '02, 1st Illinois V. Cav., Chickamauga. 

Clifton Maloney, Pennsylvania, '95, Philadelphia City V. Cav., Porto 

J. H. McReady, Miami, '89, hospital corps, 1st Ohio, Tampa. 

Edwin Lennox, Purdue, '99, hospital corps, 100th Indiana, Newport 

W. G. Hicks, lo'ca, '97, hospital corps, 62d Iowa, Chickamauga. 

Austin Funk, Indiana, '90 (DePauw, '90), hospital corps, 159th Indi- 
ana, Camp Alger, Va. 

Charles M. Doland, Pennsylvania, '01 ( Williams, '00), Battery A, 
Pennsylvania Lt. Art., Porto Rico. 

H. D. Alfrey, Wabash, '01, 27th Battery, Indiana Lt. Art., Porto Rico. 

Kd. Middleton, Franklin, '97, 27th Battery, Indiana Lt. Art., Porto 


J. C. Patten, Indiana, '99, 27th Battery, Indiana Lt. Art., Porto Rico. 
H. G. Kimball, Pennsyh^ania, '%, Battery A, Pennsylvania Lt. Art., 

Porto Rico. 
Hiram Miller, Jr., Pennsylvania ^ *99, Battery A, Pennsylvania Lt. Art., 

Porto Rico. 
H. R. Douglass, Lafaycttt\ '00, Battery A, Pennsylvania Lt. Art., 

Porto Rico. 
Davis G. White, Georgia, '98, Battery A, Georgia Lt. Art., Chicka- 


E. C. Grant, Ohio State, '01. 1st Batt'n Ohio Lt. Art.. Chickamauga. 

F. S. Knox, Ohio State, *im, 1st Batfn Ohio Lt. Art., Chickamauga. 
N. C. Robbins, Cornell, '94, Astor Battery, Manila. 

Walter O. Woods, Kansas, '94, 22d Kansas (orderly on staff of Gen. 

S. F. VanPelt, Jl/iami,'{)\, musician (head drummer), 1st Ohio, Tampa. 

Charles W\ Carman, Cornell, '97, Co. K, 71st New York, Santiago. 

H. W. Reynolds. Pennsylvania, '98, Co. D, 1st Pennsylvania, Chicka- 

C. C. Hoober, lozca JVesleyan, '99, Co. F. 5ist Iowa, San Francisco. 

Daniel V. Noland, Franklin, '00, Co. M, 7th California, San Francisco. 

G. B. Basker\'ill, Vanderhill, '01, 12th Inf. U. S. A., Santiago. 

H. H. Potter, Knox, '01, 6th Illinois, Porto Rico (seriously ill with 

E. S. Tuttle, PrOicn, '98, 1st Rhode Island, Camp Alger, Va. 
Joseph W. Evans, Hanover, '98. Co. H, 4th Kentucky, Lexington, Ky. 
Lee W. Branch. Emory, '91, Co. F, ;^d Georgia, Griffin. Ga. 
Alexander Eicher, Jr., 11 ashing/on and Jefferson, 'iK», Co. I, 10th 

Pennsylvania, Manila. 

W. E. Ralston, Washinirfon and Jefferson, '01, Co. H, 10th Pennsyl- 
vania. Manila. 

A. C. Johnson, Ohio, '97, 8th Ohio, Santiago. 

C. H. Woods, Ohio State, '98, Co. H, 7th Ohio, Camp Alger. \'a. 

H. L. Charter, Ohio, '98, Co. B, 7th Ohio, Camp Alger, Va. 

Gerald Brown, Buchtel, *00, Co. B, 8th Ohio, Santiago. 

H. B. Williams, Missouri, '98. Co. I, 5th Missouri, Chickamauga. 

F. L. Kriebel, Dickinson, '98, 8th Pennsylvania. Camp Alger. Va. 
A. K. Foot, Tulane, '9(>. Co. D, 2d Virginia. Camp Alger, Va. 

H. W. Weirich, Washington and Jefferson, '97. hospital corps, 10th 
Pennsylvania, Manila. 

K. F. Flanders, Chicago, '98, Co. C, 1st Illinois. Santiago. 

E. P. Bailey. Dartmouth, '97, Co. E, 1st New Hampshire, Chicka- 

W. H. Mitchell, Dartmouth, '98, Co. E, 1st New Hampshire. Chicka- 

C. E. Carr. Dartmouth, '98, Co. E. 1st New Hampshire, Chickamauga. 


Julius Newman, Emory, '98, Co. F, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 

W. D. Turner, Dartmouth, '98, Co. E, 1st New Hampshire, Chicka- 

Chas. Seaman. Wisconsin, '94. 2d Wisconsin, Porto Rico. 

Anderson Clark, Emor\\ '9") {Mercer, '94), Co. F, 1st Georgia, Chick- 

H. H. Honing, Ohio, '94, Ohio V. I. 

Leland C. Speers, U\ishin,^ton and /.<r, '97, Co. F, 1st Georgia, 

S. J. P. Anderson, Missouri, '95, Co. D, 1st Missouri, Chickamauga. 

A. D. O'Brien, Pcnnsyiiania, '97, Co. D, 1st Pennsylvania, Chicka- 

A. M. Stokes, Pcnnsyliania, '99, Co. D, 1st Pennsylvania, Chicka- 

J. C. Murtagh, Pcnnsyliania, '94, Oth Pennsylvania, Camp Alger, Va. 

Th. C. Lougino, J'irt^inia, '93. Co. F, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 

R. L. Dugan. Hanover, '02, 1st Kentucky, Porto Rico. 

M. E. Garber, Hanover, '01, Co. F, l")9th Indiana, Camp Alger, Va. 

E. S. Bridges, Hanover, '00. Co. F, lo9th Indiana, Camp Alger, Va. 

J. D. Munnerlyn, Cieoriria, '87 ( Emory, '86), Co. B, 2d Georgia, Tampa. 

Ralph W. Clark, Lansint^, '99, Co. E. 81st Michigan. Chickamauga. 

U. J. (xriffith, Indiana, '91. Co. K, 101st Indiana, Jacksonville. 

Roy Kern. Randolph-Macon, '9S, Co. E, 2d Virginia, Jacksonville. 

R. L. Sparks, Mercer, '93, Co. F, 1st Georgia, Chickamauga. 

John H. Bacon, Wisconsin, '97, 3d Wisconsin, Porto Rico. 

Paul Andrews, Vanderbilt, '90. engineering corps, U. S. A. 

Joseph F. Black, .llabama, '9S, Co. F. 1st .Alabama (died in the hos- 
pital at Jack.sonville ) . 

The foregoing list contains 194 names, but is by no means 
complete. All our readers are urged to send to the editor 
any additions or corrections they may be able to make. In 
two or three cases we have not yet been able to learn the 
company and regiment. In half a dozen others they may 
have been given to us incorrectly. Fifteen or twenty chap- 
ter correspondents have sent no report as yet. — Ed. 



Colonel Funston has been in command, as senior colonel, 
of the second brigade in the division at Camp Merritt. The 
general in command has urged that Colonel Funston be 
made brigadier-general. 

Corporal Joseph L. Rogers, who had himself transferred 
from Co. F, 159th Indiana, to the hospital corps in Cuba, 
was among the convalescents brought back to New York 
on the Seguranca, on September 21. 

Andrew Hudson, Kansas, '*>9, enlisted as musician in the 
Twenty-second Kansas ; was soon promoted to second lieu- 
tenant and acted as mustering officer when the colored 
troops of Kansas were mustered in under the second call for 

Joseph F. Black, who was graduated this year at the Uni- 
versity of Alabama and who enlisted at once in Co. I, 1st 
Alabama, is the only Phi in the army whose death has been 
reported. He died in the division hospital at Jacksonville, 
of typhoid fever. 

Corporal C. Ward Eicher, Co. I, Tenth Pennsylvania, 
was in command of one of the out-posts that was driven in 
behind the entrenchments at the beginning of the engage- 
ment at Malate, in the suburbs of Manila, on July .'U. One 
man in his squad was killed. 

At El Caney, G, B. Baskervill, l^ayiderbilt, '01, of the 
r2th Infantry U. S. A. and orderly to his colonel, was in the 
thickest of the fight. He and the colonel were the first to 
reach the fort in the charge. Bro. Baskervill got a bullet- 
hole through his hat and had the fever after the surrender, 
but is now well again. 

Lieut. C. H. Tebault, Jr., M. D., was summoned to San- 
tiago from New Orleans, early in August to aid in the fight 
against j'ellow fever among the troops. When he arrived, 
he found that the most work was to be done in the medical 
supply department, which had failed to equip properly the 
first transports sent home. He got himself assigned to 
this work and has made a fine record in preventing farther 
trouble in this line. He is reported to have made short 
work of red tape where it interfered with prompt and effect- 
ive medical service. Bro. Tebault will be remembered as a 
former president of old Delta province. 


Lieut. Cyrus S. Radford is one of Col. Huntington's 
marines who so distinguished himself in the fighting at 
Guantanamo, where the first landing was made on Cuban 
soil, that he received a brevet for gallantry. This was the 
first time since the civil war that the marine corps had been 
called into action. Bro. Radford is at present assigned to the 
U. S. S. Texas and was on board of her during the chase and 
destruction of Cervera's fleet. 

Corporal J. H. Byerly w^as a charter member of the Case 
chapter, but as he was working in New York, and was a 
member of the militia there, he enlisted in the 71st regiment 
from that state. He was in the fighting at Santiago and is 
charged up with the death of two Spanish soldiers. He 
brought home, as a souvenir, the belt of a wounded Spaniard 
who shot Lieutenant Ord after the latter had ordered him to 
be carried to the rear to the hospital. 

Lieut. James Brown Kemper is one of the charter mem- 
bers of the new chapter at Cincinnati. He is one of the 
second lieutenants appointed from civil life, after examina- 
tion, by President McKinley. He has been assigned to the 
14th Infantry, U. S. A., and ordered to Manila. The Cin- 
cinnati boys will miss him sadly in their first year's work, 
as he was a leader in the chapter and in the university, 
being a member of the glee club and of the eleven, as well 
as a good student. 

Lieut. Harry H. Seckler was selected by Gen. Chas. 
King, while at Camp Merritt, to act as major for an Oregon 
battalion and ' lick it into shape.' This goes to show that 
he was at least as well drilled as any officer below major in 
King's command ; in fact one who knows him well says he 
is ' the best drill-master in King's command and the equal of 
any in Merritt's whole expedition. ' As a cadet Bro. Seckler 
won distinction in drill and discipline beside being a fine stu- 
dent. He goes to the Philippines with the last expedition. 

Lieut. J. B. Patton is passed assistant engineer on the 
U. S. S. Drooklyyi, having been ordered thither at the outbreak 
of the war from Pittsburgh, where he was inspecting armor 
plate. When Admiral Cervera's fleet came out of the har- 
bor on July 8, the Brooklyn had steam in only half her boil- 
ers. It is generally admitted that the Cristobal Colon would 
have escaped but for the Brooklyn's speed, and so it is pleas- 
ant to note that the press reports make special mention of 
the way the chief engineer and Bro. Patton * shoved the 
Brooklyyi along.* 


Ensign W. T. Cluverius, who is one of the survivors of 
the wreck of the Maine, took part in some very hot fighting 
at Manzanillo, on July 18, when the shipping in that port 
was destroyed and the town bombarded by the Americans. 
Bro. Cluverius was with the U. S. S. Scorpion, one of the 
fleet converted yachts used as auxiliary cruisers. New Or- 
leans holds him in high esteem, as his picture has been loud- 
ly cheered as it was thrown on the vitascope screen along 
with those of Dewey, Schley and Hobson, at West End, the 
summer resort on lake Pontchartrain. 

Lieut. L. A. Curtis comes of a military family and is one 
of the nominees from civil life who have passed the exam- 
inations and been commissioned as second lieutenants in the 
regular arm}'. He enlisted at the outbreak of the war in 
the First Wisconsin, and was mustered in as second lieuten- 
ant of Company G. He was stationed at Jacksonville while 
a volunteer. He is now in Co. I, 12th Infantry, U. S. A., 
which has recently been ordered from Montauk Point, L. I., 
to Jefferson Barracks, Mo. He is a brother of W. A. Cur- 
tis, Wisco7isin, *89, well known to readers of The Scroll 
and to the fraternity world generally. 

Alex. Eicher, Jr., who would have been captain of the 
Washington and Jefferson eleven, had he not enlisted, made 
a run on the night of July 31, at Malate, that was much 
more exciting than any he ever took part in on the foot ball 
field. When the ammunition began to fail, the command- 
ing officer sent Bro. Eicher and an orderly, who gave out 
on the way, back two miles to Gen. Greene's headquarters 
to ask for ammunition and reinforcements. Mauser bullets 
and shells flew thick around him, but he was able to make 
his run to headquarters and back without harm. Reinforce- 
ments and 24 ,000 rounds of ammunition followed him prompt- 
ly, and arrived in the nick of time. It is hardly saying too 
much to say that his run saved the day. 

Gen. H. V. N. Boynton, who was for many years dean 
of the newspaper corps in Washington, was presented with 
a handsome testimonial by his former associates on July 22. 
It consisted of a solid silver and gold brigadier- general's 
sword, with belts, sash, chapeau, epaulets and spurs, and 
was accompanied by a very complimentary note. As the 
founder of Chickamauga Park, Gen. Boynton is very popu- 
lar with the citizens of Chattanooga, who also presented 
him with a handsome sword. He would probably have 


been assigned to command the third brigade of the first di- 
vision of the first corps had not peace led to the mustering 
out of the entire first division. He remains in command 
of the guard at Chickamauga, and has recently attracted 
wide attention by his favorable report on the condition of 
the camp at the time the regiments were leaving. 

Color Sergeant Richard G. Holmes, of Co. I, of the First 
Colorado, is a conspicuous target for the enemy, with his 
six feet, five and one-half inches of height. He became a 
Phi while a freshman at Lafayette, and that year was sub- 
stitute guard on the famous '9(*) eleven (coached by Bro. 
Parke Hill Davis, of Princeton) that tied Princeton and de- 
feated Pennsylvania. He left college the next year and 
went west for his health. He enlisted last April, and was 
soon on his way to Manila. It was he who, when Manila 
was taken, on August l->, climbed the ramparts of Fort Ma- 
late under fire and raised the stars and stripes, just after a 
comrade who hauled down the Spanish colors had been killed. 
Sergeant Holmes is one of the most popular men in the reg- 
iment, as he was at college and at Denver. He is a musi- 
cian, an athlete and a favorite in society. His captain wrote 
home that the natives at Manila said Sergeant Holmes was 
the greatest man they had ever seen, being the tallest, and 
it was suggested that he be made king when the Spanish 
were driven out. The colors displayed in the picture we 
give of him were presented to the regiment by the Colorado 
Sons of the Revolution . 

Lieut. Otho W. B. Farr was born at Oakland, Me., in 
1871. He entered Colby University in 1888 and was soon 
initiated by Maine Alpha. He was an active member of the 
chapter for but one year, as he then received an appoint- 
ment to West Point by virtue of his excellence in a compet- 
itive examination. He was graduated from West Point in 
l><^>->, and was assigned to the artillery as second lieutenant 
in the Second Regiment. Lieut. Farr first served in the 
heavy artillery in stations at Ft. Preble, Me., and at Ft. 
Warren, Mass. In ISO") he was transferred to the light 
artillery and since has been stationed at Ft. Riley, Kan., 
and at Ft. Sheridan, 111. At the beginning of the war with 
Spain he went with Light Battery A (Grimes's Battery) to 
Chickamauga, where he remained one week. He then went 
to Tampa and accompanied the first expedition to Cuba un- 
der Gen. Shafter. Lieut. Farr took part in all the engage- 
ments of the campaign against Santiago, in which by mis- 


take, as it happily proved, he was reported wounded. His 
battery opened the engagement at San Juan and suffered 
severely during the fight. (Scn'bner's for September gives 
several incidents and pictures of Battery A at San Juau.) 
After the surrender of Santiago he remained in Cuba until 
August 17, after which he went to Montauk Point, L. I. 

Lieut. Farr is a brother of W. B. Farr, Colby, '87, a suc- 
cessful lawyer of Boston. In addition he has a brother-in- 
law. Woodman Bradbury. '87, author of the words and mu- 
sic of the well-known Phi song, * Rolling Home,* and a 
cousin, W. A. Bates, ex'9S, enrolled in Maine Alpha. 

There have been many meetings of Phis in the army this 
year. First, we had the nine Nebraska boys keeping up 
chapter meetings in the camp at Lincoln, till one regiment 
was ordered to San Francisco and one to Chickamauga. At 
San Francisco the four Nebraska Phis and the five from 
Washington and Jefferson found each other out before they 
left for Manila, while it was not long before there was a 
meeting at Chickamauga. The first one there was held on 
Snodgrass Hill, Sunday, July 10 ; the second, a week later. 
At the second eighteen were present : Cooke, Hay ward. 
Haggard, Westerman, Nusz, Brent, H. B. Walker, H. B. 
Williams, Switzler, Gardner, Moorhead, Speers, Foxworthy, 
Patten, Knox, Grant, English and Middleton. Gen. Boyn- 
ton failed to receive notification in time but wrote afterward 
expressing his regrets and saying he should have attended. 

On July 1 , quite a notable gathering of soldier Phis took 
place at Locksley Hall, the palatial home of Bro. C. O. 
Perry, De Pau2i\ 'H9, near San Francisco. Among the in- 
vited guests were Col. Funston and Lieuts. Glasgow, Agnew 
and Seckler, of the 20th Kansas ; Capts. Clark and Will- 
iams, Lieuts. Hearne, Fairchild, French and Mentzer ; Cor- 
porals Hearne and Randall and Bros. Hicks and Hoober of 
the olst Iowa ; a number of the active and alumni members 
of California Alpha, and a proper proportion of California 
young women. The soldiers and their friends spent the 
late afternoon enjoying the view which has given Belvedere 
its name, and were served an elaborate dinner at nightfall on 
one of the verandas. Toasts were responded to by Bros. Glas- 
gow, Williams, Seckler, Hearne and Clark. At the close 
three cheers were given for the army and navy and the 
president of the United States, and the party returned to 
San Francisco in launches. 

The Phis at Camp Merritt, at Camp Alger, at Chicka- 


> s 



niauga, at Lexington and at many other places have been 
hunted up by visitors from civil life, and many delightful 
acquaintances formed. 

Captain F. B. Hawkins is in command of Co. D, Tenth 
Pennsylvania, which had the first engagement and lost the 
first men in the Philippines. His company helped bear the 
brunt of the fight and with Company E lost the most men. 
Everyone is now familiar with the story of the fight at Ma- 
late, on July 31. in which the Pennsylvanians made such a 
gallant resistance against great odds. The work of Compa- 
nies E and D is thus described by John J. McCutcheon 
(a Purdue 2 X, by the way), artist and correspondent of the 
Chicago Record at Manila : 

The general alarm was given that the Spaniards were atteniping to 
flank the American trench in the swamps to the right of the breast- 
works, evidently with the intention of enfilading the Americans. 
Maj. Cuthbertson immediately sent word to Maj. Bierer, commanding 
the reserves, to proceed to the right flank and repel the Spaniards. 
To do this the men of Companies E and D were compelled to cross 
from the beach to the road, nearly 200 yards, absolutely exposed to 
the sweeping storm of bullets that passed over the breastworks, and on 
into the exposed fields beyond. The Spanish machine guns were 
being directed like a hose along the full length of American breast- 
works, and their heavy guns were sending screaming shells along the 
beach and road, making those two approaches, the only practicable 
ones leading from the camp at Tamko to the breastworks, almost cer- 
tain death to anyone of them. It was the gallant march of the E and 
D companies across the open field, through the blast of bullets, that 
laid so many of them low in death and injuries. 

Of Captain Hawkins's conduct during the battle letters 

received from Manila speak in the highest praise. Lieut. 

Blaine Aiken, of Company H, says : 

Frank Hawkins's company was under the hottest fire. Frank had 
one of his revolvers shot out of his hand, but he escaped being 
wounded. His men fought like tigers, and he commanded them like 
a veteran. Frank says, and others too, that the Spaniards advanced 
close enough for them to be able to distinguish their features. Frank 
had one man killed and several wounded. 

Captain Hawkins is the youngest captain in the army at 
Manila. When the war began he was a lieutenant in Com- 
pany H, but was afterwards elected to the captaincy of Com- 
pany D. An estimate of w^hat he had to contend with in 
this new position is best given in the following extract from 
a letter written home by an officer of Company H, Captain 
Hawkins's former company : 

By the way, speaking of Company D, there's a young man in com- 
mand who is making a record in military matters. He and I were al- 
ways on opposite sides in old Company H, but common fairness 
demands this tribute. Pride in a fellow-townsman has a little to do . 


with it too. Company D was badly demoralized at Ml. Gretna ; all 
her officers and all enlisted men except about 20 being dropped, giv- 
ing him practically an entire company of raw recruits. In spite of 
limited opportunities for drill the company now compares favorably 
with any in the regiment. 

Captain Hawkins is a born soldier. He is a son of Col. 
A. L. Hawkins, of the Tenth regiment, and before entering 
the volunteer army had seen many years service in the na- 
tional guard of Pennsylvania. He enlisted as a private in 
Company H, as soon as he was old enough, and had seen 
service at the More wood coke strike and at the Homestead 
riots. He was an efficient soldier and rose to the position of 
first sergeant, until he was elected first lieutenant. From 
this position he was advanced to be captain of Company D. 

He was graduated from Washington and Jefferson with 
the class of 1896. He was a popular man in college and a 
loyal Phi. He had registered for the study of law in Wash- 
ington and was a student when war was declared. 


R. F. Ligon, Jr., Audur7i, '82, is adjutant-general of the 
Alabama National Guard. 

W. M. Wright, Indianapolis, '86, is brigade surgeon of 
the Indiana National Guard. 

Gen. L. V. Clarke, Alabama, '85, is the ranking officer of 
the Alabama National Guard. 

F. H. Hamilton, Illinois, '1>5, is captain of the engineer- 
ing corps in the Illinois National Guard. 

Dudley W. Welch, Ohio, '92, was a contract surgeon at 
the Leiter general hospital, Chickamauga. 

Jesse W. Clark, Iowa We si cyan, '92, uow in the ")lst Iowa 
V. I., is ranking captain of the Iowa National Guard. 

C. A. McAllister, Cornell, '87, who was for some time 
with Cramp, is a draughtsman in the bureau of steam engi- 
neering, in the navy department. 

W. G. Souders, Dieki7ison, '98, has been engaged in Y. 
M. C. A. work among the Pennsylvania regiments en- 
camped at Mt. Gretna during the summer. 

The following Phis are known to be at West Point : E. 
G. Scotten, De Pauw^Ti ; W. A. McCain, Mississippi, '98 ; 
F. W. Hinrichs, Jr., Columbia, '99 ; J. F. Bell, Washington 
and Jefferson, *98. 


Thzet Zifz,ZT2l Phis ba-re \*srtz w-Trkizg iz the cnartcnnas- 
tex 5 a-d coci^iissan- ^ c-EiD&s a: Cin^ Hi~Iio=. Lexing- 
ton Kt. . :hi=. 5c==ier. Tbev sre M *H. G:5erTaiii, '^2 : J. 
;. Gre-:::t:£: >- : H. A. L^yzgl^ -^. 

The folkfir:::^ Phis t^re reez in the war department, at 

WashiEgtor. cnriiig :be w^r : Clay Bsniair. .\>rr^u<^//c'r7/, 

^^> : C. M. >hepard ^^.v. ♦"• : M. C. Snmir.ers. Lombard, 

^: : F. K G:bg«: .^'.jfj-rj. -^ : P. R. Cook, k\ M. /., 

*7 : \V. M. Smith. D::ti\.':^. >7 : Capl. R. M. Dowdy, 

A new way to get battle pictures was recently put into 
operation at Chickamacga. Gecera! A. P. Stewart [.Vi'awi, 
42] is writing a history of the great hiattle at that place, and 
in order to secure a realistic illustration of the celebrated 
charge on Snodgrass Hill, he obtained the temporary loan 
of the Second Kentucky Volunteers. Six companies, wear- 
ing blue, held the hill, while six other companies, uniformed 
in brown, charged up the hill. All the incidents of the bat- 
tle were reproduced, while the camera was worked indus- 
triously for the benefit of the soldier-author. — Pittsburg 
Dispatch . 

Among the war correspondents have been the following 
Phis : John Randolph Spears. Indianapolis, *72 : Ed. L. 
Keen. Ohio Weslexan, V*l : Edwin Emerson, Jr., Miami ^ 
'>0: R. H. Little. Illinois WtsUyan, I'o : Stanhope 
Sams, I'anderbilt^ 'SI. Bro. Spears was with Admiral 
Sampson's fleet and represented the New York Sun and 
Harper s W'eikly. He contributed a description of * The of Cervera' and an account of * The Affair of the 
\\ 'inslou •' to the Scribmr s, and further sketches to the 
Octo^xrr number. He was known as the commodore' of 
the newspaper fleet. Bro. Keen represented the Scripps- 
McRae papers at the southern camps, chiefly at Chickamauga. 
Hro. Emerson represented LcshY sdmd Collier s Weekly. He 
made a thrilling tour of Porto Rico, in disguise, during the 
war, and has written articles for the September Century and 
July Rf'viai- of Reviews^ recounting his adventures, impris- 
onment, e.scape and impressions. He has written for several 
other paiK'rs, as well, on subjects connected with the war. 
His portrait was given in the Rcvieic of Revieics, Bro. Little 
represented the Chicago Tribune at Tampa. Bro. Sams rep- 
resented the New York limes and made a tour of Cuba during 
the war, bringing back a very unfavorable report of the con- 
dition of the in.surgent government and army. 




The ISO'*^ edition of Baird's American College Fraternities 
gives not only the present membership of fraternities, but 
also summaries of their membership, as shown by the 1883 
and li>90 editions. Taking these figures as a basis, the in- 
crease of each fraternity's membership is found by compu- 
tation to have been as given in the following table: The 
percentage of growth is calculated for the seven years, 1883 
to 1890, the eight years, 1890 to 1898, and the fifteen years, 
1883 to 1898. The fraternities are arranged in the order of 
greatest increase during the whole fifteen-year period. 

General Men's Fraternities. 




18f>9 Sigma Nu 

18o6 Sigma Alpha Epsilon . . 

18^V> Alpha Tau Omega 

lH«»r) Kappa Alpha ( Southern ) 

IHiWPi Kappa Alpha 

IS 18 Phi Delta Theta 

isr>7 Kappa Sigma 

184V) Delta Tau Delta 

IHHy Beta Theta Pi 

1848 Phi Gamma Delta 

185") Sigma Chi 

18.32' Phi Kappa Psi 

18.14 Chi Phi 

1848|Theta Delta Chi 

l8:WiDelta Upsilon 

lH46]Zeta Psi 

1841 Chi Psi 

1827 Delta Phi 

Delta Kappa Epsilon . . 

Psi Upsilon 

Delta Psi 

Kappa Alpha (Northern) 

Phi Kappa Sigma 

Sigma Pni 


1832' Alpha Delta Phi 

Per cent, of growth. 

06,012,91.848 1 130,233 



















































42 i 00 


It will be observed that the fraternities whose percentage 
of increase during fifteen years has been greatest are those 
of southern origin, 2 N having had the abnormally large 
growth of 1,103 percent. The next largest percentage of 
increase has been made by the fraternities of western origin, 
and the smallest percentage by the fraternities of eastern 

Mr. Baird does not reproduce a summary of the member- 
ship of fraternities as shown by the first (1879) edition of 
his book, doubtless because the figures in many cases were 
very incorrect. It was imp>ossible to obtain accurate figures 
for a first edition, and some fraternities were credited with 
many more members than really belonged to them. 

It appears that there were some errors also in the 1888 
edition, and perhaps a few in the 1890 edition. This is in- 
dicated by the fact that the membership of II K A is given as 
307 in 1883 and only 310 in 1890, that of northern K A is 
given as 986 in 1883 and only 997 in 1890, and that of A A 4> 
as o,781 in 1883 and only 6,230 in 1890. 

In the foregoing table are twenty-five fraternities, which 
are all the general men's fraternities included in the sum- 
maries for 1883, 1890 and 1898 ; therefore, fraternities that 
have died since 1883 and those that have been established 
since 1883 are omitted. 

Examining the table with reference to ^ A © particularly, 
we find that, with 3,3()7 members in 1883, it occupied sev- 
enth place, being ranked by A K E, A A ^, ^I' Y, B II, A Y 
and 4> K ^ in order. The three eastern fraternities, A K E, 
A A and ^ Y, were then the leaders numerically. In 1890 
^ A was exceeded by only A K E, ^ Y and B II, and in 
1898 by only A K E and B II. 

The increase of 4> A from 1883 to 1898 was 191 per 
cent., which was larger than that of any other fraternity of 
western origin. But the largest percentage of this increase 
was from 18S3 to 1890. During those seven years it was 
102, which was larger than that of any other fraternity, ex- 
cept S N. During the eight years from 1890 to 1898 it was 
43 (the average being 42), which was exceeded by B II, 
2 X, <t> r A and all but one of the southern fraternities. 

It will be noticed that in 1890 B n had 6,995 members, 
exceeding <l> A only 192, but in 1898 it has 10,577 mem- 
bers, exceeding it 90>>. This appears strange, because since 
1883 <l> A has had a larger number of active chapters than 
B 11 — larger, in fact, than any other fraternity. The ex- 


planation is that B n has added to its list the alumni of 
societies which have united with it. 

All the members of the nine chapters of the Mystical 
Seven society who offered no objections have been enrolled 
by B 11 since 1890. Thus the chapter at Wesleyan, where 
B II entered in 1800, is credited in the last edition of Mr. 
Baird's book with 169 members, many of them, of course, 
perhaps the large majority, having belonged to the parent 
chapter of the Mystical Seven, founded at Wesleyan in 
1837. Thus, also, the Dartmouth chapter is credited with 
415 members, though B n did not enter Dartmouth until 
1889, in which year it absorbed the 2 A II society. Thus, 
also, the Missouri chapter is credited with 2()2 members, 
though B n did not enter Missouri until 1890, in which 
year it absorbed the Z 4> society. 

Thus, about 100 members of ^ 2 were affiliated by 4> A 0, 
when it absorbed that society at Lombard in 1S78, the only 
occasion when 4> A has done anything of the kind. Such 
practice is very common with ^ Y and some other fraterni- 

The large excess of members of A K E over both B n and 
4> A is due to the immense membership of its Yale and Har- 
vard chapters. The Yale chapter has the enormous total of 
1,822 members, and the average number of initiations during 
the 54 years of its existence (1844-98) is 34. The Harvard 
chapter has 1,359 members, and the average number of in- 
itiations during the3() years of its active existence (1851-56 
and 1861-91 ) is 38. The chapters of ^ Y, A A 4> and Z ^at 
Yale have also been run as class societies, and the chapters 
of these fraternities at both Yale and Harvard have initiated 
very large delegations from each class. 

It is undoubtedly true that 4> A and B 11, owing to 
their extended roll of chapters (the former having 64 and 
the latter 62), are now adding more members each per year 
than any other fraternity. The annual report of the H. G. 
C. in The Scroll for last June shows that from 1892 to 
1898 inclusive, the initiation by ^ A varied between 4'ir) 
and 442 per year. In 1897 the active membership in college 
was 1,065, which, curiously enough, was the exact active 
membership of B II, and which considerably excelled that 
of any other fraternity. Walter B. Palmer. 



It seems a happy coincidence that our semi-centennial 
chapter is the nearest of all the rest to old Miami. Our loss 
of the chapters at Buchtel and Wooster makes it eminently 
fitting that two strong and promising schools like Case and 
Cincinnati should receive two of our most recent charters. 
And when the new chapter starts out not only in a state but 
in a city, as well, where Phi Delta Theta's alumni are unusu- 
ally numerous and renowned, in a university which gains 
added wealth, numbers and honor ever>' year, with a band 
of such ambitious, versatile, earnest young men as charter 
members — when these are the favoring circumstances of its 
founding, success is at once made doubly sure. 

The alumni Phis of Cincinnati represent many chapters 
and many sections of the country, but their support of the 
application for a charter was not only unanimous but enthu- 
siastic even to the verge of impatience. Xor has their ardor 
cooled. They arranged at once to meet with the new men 
to discuss ways and means to begin joint occupancy of fra- 
ternity headquarters. One alumnus, a foimer editor of The 
Scroll, by the way, who was unable to attend the installa- 
tion ceremonies, not only accompanied his regrets w4th a 
check to help defray the expenses of the evening, but unso- 
licited subscribed a handsome sum in advance to a chapter- 
house fund. 

Within the last month the University of Cincinnati has 
been chartered by Phi Beta Kappa ; within the last fortnight 
a wealthy citizen has given a sum sufficient to erect another 
extensive building ; next year the income from municipal 
taxation is to be increased fifty per cent. Facts like these 
speak for themselves. The institution, the location, the 
men, are all we could ask. 

Phi Delta Theta may well be proud that she has never 
fallen under the spell of that conservatism, falsely so-called, 
which would persuade itself that all the best young manhood 


of America is to be found in a few colleges and universities 
in some limited section. Progress and development need 
not lower standards ; the self-sufficiency and unspeakable 
pride of Spain and China make them neither good nor great. 
Here's long life to the chapter on the Ohio and to the policy 
that gave her life ! 

And here's to the Phis who went to war ! There may be 
those who can count as many men as we under the flag, on 
land and sea ; we doubt it exceedingly. But none can show 
men who have done their duty better, whether caring for 
the wounded, heading the column in a charge, facing the 
fire of an ambushed foe, driving the engines that drive the 
great gray ship, flying on errands of danger, waiting the 
weary summer out in southern camps. We honor Hobson 
and Roosevelt and Fish, and every other Greek who showed 
the stuff our best college men are made of. But above all 
we honor the men we know and love best — our own. Every 
American felt a special interest and pride in his state's reg- 
iments, or in the ship that bore her name, in his own towns- 
men and kinsmen and college mates. And so have we looked 
eagerly through one list and anxiously through the next, 
whenever the names of the honored living or of the honored 
dead appeared. To some on the outside, four or five months 
in camp seemed a mere summer outing, whose chief hard- 
ship was monotony and restraint. But there are some — no, 
many, who see in poor Joe Black, dying of fever in Jackson- 
ville, the same patriotism and heroism we all see in Frank 
Hawkins, holding an army in check before Manila with his 
handful of men, or in Richard Holmes, as he swung out the 
stars and stripes over Malate in the bullet hail. 

Did somebody say the editor's pen had run away with him? 
When it comes to patriotism and some other things, we are 
ashamed to speak out what we feel, more's the pity. But 
why should not we write it, at least — and read it ? 

For those, however, who insist on the practical and busi- 
ness-like we have news, also — good news. One year ago 
this month we reported that four chapters had just taken 


houses for the first time. The record for last year includes 
Case, Chicago, Union, Nebraska, Georgia and Purdue. 
This year starts out as well. Indianapolis rents a house for 
the first time, the first and only chapter house so far at But- 
ler. Northwestern is housed. Dickinson has her new lodge 
well underway; Gettysburg will complete hers by Christ- 
mas. Pennsylvania is building the finest chapter house in 
the state. California has bought a house and lot and, as 
a climax, another lot besides. Moreover, four other chap- 
ters made an honest effort that all but succeeded in each 
case. They promise complete success within a year. What 
sort of a report will our homeless chapters bring to Colum- 
bus ? One will be called for. 

January first is an excellent time to take a house. You 
know exactly how many men you can count on, as you do 
not in October. You have a whole quarter to work the 
matter up, with your committees on the spot and under your 
eye. Why, it does not take even a committee, if you work 
hard ! One man raised all the money that is building one of 
the houses named above ; but he kept at it. Who is the 

The September Palladium carried our message to the 
rushers. By the time this number goes to the chapters the 
active rushing season is over in most of them. We need 
only to repeat what was said last year : Don't neglect the 
men who develop, who were not conspicuous at the start ; 
some of them are better than the freshmen everybody 
spiked the first day. Be on good terms with all the non- fra- 
ternity men, as well as with your rivals ; and don't cut a man 
if he happened to decline your invitation. His real reasons 
for going elsewhere doubtless reflect no particle of discredit 
on you or on your chapter. 

Profit by your mistakes of this year while you remember 
them. If you needed more copies of Baird or of the Manual, 
get them now and study them with your freshmen. If you 
failed to be on the ground in time, lay plans to begin the next 


campaigu in June. If men come up who knew Phi alumni 
but did not know you, do as Miami, as Michigan, as Case 
did, and get out a summer letter to all Phis in the territory 
from which your freshmen come. 

Put the freshmen to work, learning fraternity facts and 
figures and rushing other freshmen. 

Dr. Brown's article covjers the convention quite thor- 
oughly from the local standpoint. The November Palladium 
and December Scroll will speak of the important legisla- 
tion to come up. For the present each chapter should early 
select a delegate who fills all the requirements, with an 
alternate like him, who can go if called upon, and each 
alumnus should resolve and plan to be with us in Columbus 
Thanksgiving week. 

A GREAT deal of ^ A history is packed away in the 
* Old Fraternity Records ' now appearing in The Scroll. 
The installments published in the April issue and this issue 
contain many items of interest. Rev. Henry L. Brown re- 
lates a diverting incident that occurred in one of the literary 
societies at Miami, in which Benjamin Harrison, then a 
very young student, successfully turned the laugh on his 
older A A ^ opponent. Letters show that the badge was 
first made in 1849, and first publicly worn at Miami in 1852. 
In 1865 a * A magazine was proposed by that indefatiga- 
ble Phi, R. A. D. Wilbanks, and in 1872 that equally inde- 
fatigable Phi of a little later period, C. T. Jamieson, made 
the same proposition, while Indiana Gamma urged the pub- 
lication of a fraternity history (would that it had been 
done ! ) . Quotations from Chicago and Danville papers tell 
of the 1869 and 1872 conventions, respectively, while a let- 
ter written in 1873 gives a good account of the 1873 con- 
vention at Athens. 

One of the first members of Indiana Alpha writes of the 
early days of that chapter, and mentions that often in sum- 
mer meetings were held in the woods, although the exist- 
ence of the chapter was then not generally known. Some 


light is tbrown upon the beginnings of the Wabash chapter, 
which was organized in IS-V* or 1S52, it is not certainly 
known which. Comparatively full particulars are given 
about the organization in I'^vS of the chapter at Hanover, 
which, perhaps, had an ephemeral existence before the war. 
\'arious letters furnish details about the organization of the 
Ohio Wesleyan chapter in 1S60, the Emorj- chapter in 1871, 
the Mercer and Cornell chapters in 1S72. and the Lafayette 
and California chapters in I'^TS. A charter was refused to 
applicants at Denison in 1S72. not without strong protests 
against such refusal. The final document printed in this 
issue is the letter of formal transfer of the powers of the 
Grand Alpha from the Miami chapter to the Wooster chap- 
ter, upon the suspension of Miami University in 1873. 

Again we desire to urge that chapters utilize these * Old 
Fraternity Records ' and the archives in their possession to 
compile chapter histories. Brother Mueller, of Nebraska 
Alpha, has recently gone through all the records of his 
chapter and prepared an historical sketch, which is entertain- 
ing and valuable, and which will become more so as the 
years roll by. It should ser\'e as a reproach, a model and 
an inspiration to many of our chapter historians. The next 
convention will no doubt order the publication of our history, 
and it behooves the delinquents to gather their materials 
and work them up. Bro. Palmer's task can be made twice 
as easy if the historians will do their duty. 

Another matter should engage the attention of the chap- 
ter historian or of some other member with industry and en- 
thusiasm. That is the collection and binding of a complete 
set of The Scroll. Bro. Weed has been working for two 
years to provide the vSewanee chapter with such a set. It is 
quite pos.sible, if one has time and patience. 

The proposed constitution and code will be presented for 
adoption to the approaching convention, and their considera- 
tion will make a very important part of the convention pro- 
ceedings. Our constitution has not been revised since 1886, 
though amendments have been adopted at each convention 






since then. A standing committee on revision, with W. B. 
Palmer as chairman, was appointed four years ago, and a 
printed report was presented to the convention two years 
ago. Some of the sections were adopted as amendments, 
but for lack of time to consider properly the >vhole report, 
it was re-committed, with instructions that a revised report 
should be presented to the convention of 189S. 

The proposed constitution and code have been revised in 
a very painstaking manner, and it is believed that many im- 
provements will be recognized. Phi Delta Theta has grown 
a great deal during the past twelve years, and now needs a 
more comprehensive system of laws than the amended con- 
stitution of 1880, in order that the Fraternity may be gov- 
erned with the greatest degree of efficiency. The printed 
report will be ready about the time that this number of The 
Scroll is issued, and a copy will be forwarded to each chap- 
ter for consideration and criticism. It is hoped that each 
chapter will study the proposed constitution and code very 
carefully and send comments thereon to the committee on 
revision, so that all amendments suggested may be compared 
and harmonized before the convention assembles. 

The 1896 convention of B 11 sanctioned a dispensation 
for the Rutgers chapter to initiate students in a neighbor- 
ing institution, supposed to be Princeton, where ant i- frater- 
nity laws have long prevailed. A majority of the chapters 
in the district did not favor the project, and it was aban- 
doned. It appeared from a letter in the Beta Theta Pi, some 
time since, that several other fraternities represented at Rut- 
gers have sub rosa chapters in Princeton, which, however, 
are said not to be flourishing. The Princeton authorities 
are strangely inconsistent in prohibiting general fraternities 
from placing chapters there. The writer of an article about 
Princeton in Scribner' s Magazine last year showed that the 
Caxton Club, and other social organizations, are conducted 
on the same plan as chapters of fraternities, except that 
they are local. 


Chapter Correspondence. 



The long talked of chemical and biological laboratory is now a re- 
ality. It is a large building of brown stone with brick trimmings, 
occupying the southern end of the campus and adding much to our 
already beautiful college grounds. We next look for the erection of 
a new ladies' hall, and certain additions to material equipment, which 
have long been needed. 

According to all reports Colby will have the largest entering class 
ever known in the history of the institution. All of her fitting schools 
have given favorable reports, while the students from other sources 
will much exceed the usual number. Alreadv we have four men 
pledged as a starter, and as every man in the chapter is wide-awake 
and ready to do his best, we shall certainly reap a good harvest. 

On the commencement program we were well represented ; out of 
five graduates four were conmiencement speakers. The graduates 
were Bros. Browne, Cook, Foye, Fuller and Linscott. 

At the opening, on September 20, we shall have but about fourteen 
active men, but before the end of the term we expect to make our 
number more than twenty. 

At the end of last year our rival chapters seemed to be in good con- 
dition. All had their full number of active members, and some men 
pledged. The rushing this fall will be sharp. This summer A K E 
purchased a chapter house. It is in a good location and with some 
changes will make a very good home. The price paid is reported to 
be S"»<K)0, and they talk of investing i^^.iMX) more. 

With such an incentive it will not l)e long before Maine Alpha will 
occupy a house of her own. It is no longer necessary for her to make 
excuses for her inactivity, because the chapter house committee is 
busily engaged in swelling the fund, which will be completed with as 
little delay as possible. With best wishes, I am 

Yours in the Bond, 

Water\'ille, September 12, 1808. C. F. Towne. 


Although college does not open until September 28, the time since 
the last issue of Tuv. Scroll has not elapsed without leaving its record 
of progress in the history of Phi Delta Theta. 

Since then seven loyal and enthusiastic Phis of our chapter have 
taken their respective degrees as follows: Bros. Carlton Howe, Clifton 
Howe and P. O. Rav, A. B. ; Bros. W. J. Forbes and R. L. Patrick, 
Ph. B.; and Bros. N.B. Keeler and L. C. Dodd, B. S. Bro. P. O. Ray 
was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and Bros. Carlton and Clifton Howe 
received special honors in botany. Bro. Ray was a commencement 
and class day speaker, Bro. Clifton Howe was a commencement 
speaker, and Bro. Patrick gave a class day oration. 

Bro. C. F. Blair, '9^), has been chosen leader of the glee club for the 
coming season and is also secretary of the athletic association. Bro. 


Andrews, MH), will probably be major of the university battalion and 
manager of the glee and banjo clubs. Bro. R. E. Beebe, '00, is assist- 
ant business manager of the University Cynic. The military depart- 
ment is in a very prosperous condition, and a number of Phis are 
officers of the battalion. 

The entering class promises to be fully as large as last year, and our 
prospects are very good. Sixteen Phis will probably return in due 
season, and we are confident that our '02 delegation will be, as was 
that of '01 , practically our choice from that class. 

Of the other fraternities, Lambda Iota (local ) will probably return 
9 men; Sigma Phi, 11; Delta Psi (local), 15; Alpha Tau Omega, 12; 
Kappa Sigma, 18; and Sigma Nu (chaptered last year), lo. <f> A 8 is 
the only fraternity here living in a chapter house. Our house is so 
constructed that we find boarding in it a very convenient and practi- 
cable experiment. The house committee will return early, and neces- 
sary furnishings will be put in and repairs made before college opens. 
Although we have not yet started a chapter house fund, an earnest 
endeavor will be made to do so the coming year. 

Our foot ball team, which until last year was almost unheard of, is 
now on a firm basis and has the assurance of the hearty support of the 
student body. The 'varsity team, as well as the class teams, received 
thorough training last year, and the positions left vacant by '98 will be 
filled by others who are sure to develop into good men. We feel that 
a new era in foot ball is just dawning with us and that we are soon to 
take the place which we should occupy on the gridiron. <l> A 6 was 
represented by three men on the 'varsity last year, Bros. Keeler and 
Forbes, '98, and Lincoln, '00. Bro. Lincoln will return, and we shall 
expect to have representatives from '01 or '02. 

Wishing every chapter a successful year in all its undertakings, I 

Yours in the Bond, 

Burlington, September 10, 1898. Gi.knn C. Goui.d. 


In the June letter to The Scroix may be found a full account of 
the honors attained and progress made by this chapter during the 
greater part of the last college year, and it remains now to add only 
a few items in connection with its closing weeks. 

The annual reception was held May 2">, and in spite of unfavorable 
weather it was successful in all its appointments and thoroughly en- 
joyed by a large number of guests from Smith, Wellesley, and Mount 

Closely following this reception, on ^lay 27, we appropriately cele- 
brated the tenth anniversary of the founding of Massachusetts Beta 
with a banq^uet at the Amherst House. Several alumni were present, 
bringing with them good cheer and greetings from absent alumni. 
As we look back over the ten years of our chapter's existence we feel 
justly proud of the progress that has been made, and at the beginning 
of this s?cond decade we are determined to make continued progress 
alon^ the lines already begun. 

With the class of '98 we lost a strong delegation of seven loyal Phis, 
who have done much to bring honor to Phi Delta Theta. Bro. Lyman 
was chairman of the cap and gown committee and a member of the 
committee on committees ; Bro. Porter, chairman of the music com- 
mittee ; Bro. McAllister, choregus ; Bro. Trefethen, permanent secre- 


Chapter Correspondence. 



The long talked of chemical and biological laboratory* is now a re- 
ality. It is a large building of brown stone with brick trimmings, 
occupying the southern end of the campus and adding much to our 
already beautiful college grounds. We next look for the erection of 
a new ladies' hall, and certain additions to material equipment, which 
have long been needed. 

-According to all reports Colby will have the largest entering class 
ever known in the history- of the institution. -\11 of her fitting schools 
have given favorable reports, while the students from other sources 
will much exceed the usual number. Already we have four men 
pledged as a starter, and as every man in the chapter is wide-awake 
and ready to do his best, we shall certainly reap a good harvest. 

C^n the commencement program we were well represented ; out of 
five graduates four were conmiencement speakers. The graduates 
were Bros. Browne, Cook. Foye, Fuller and Linscott. 

At the opening, on September 20, we shall have but about fourteen 
active men, but before the end of the term we expect to make our 
number more than twenty. 

At the end of last year our rival chapters seemed to be in good con- 
dition. All had their full number of active members, and some men 
pledged. The rushing this fall will be sharp. This summer A K E 
purchased a chapter house. It is in a good location and with some 
changes will make a very good home. The price paid is rep>orted to 
be i7,(XK), and they talk of investing 5-'>,<KX) more. 

With such an incentive it will not be long before Maine Alpha will 
occupy a house of her own. It is no longer necessary for her to make 
excuses for her inactivity, because the chapter house committee is 
busily engaged in swelling the fund, which will be completed with as 
little delay as possible. With best wishes, I am 

Yours in the Bond, 

Waterville, September 1*2, 18t»8. C. F. Towne. 


Although college does not open until September 28, the time since 
the last issue of The Scroij, has not elapsed without leaving its record 
of progress in the history of Phi Delta Theta. 

Since then seven loyal and enthusiastic Phis of our chapter have 
taken their respective degrees as follows: Bros. Carlton Howe, Clifton 
Howe and P. O. Ray. A. B.; Bros. W. J. Forbes and R. L. Patrick, 
Ph. B.; and Bros. N B. Keeler and L. C. Dodd, B. S. Bro. P. O. Ray 
was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and Bros. Carlton and Clifton Howe 
received special honors in botany. Bro. Ray was a commencement 
and class day speaker, Bro. Clifton Howe was a commencement 
speaker, and Bro. Patrick gave a class day oration. 

Bro. C. F. Blair, 'Dn, has been chosen leader of the glee club for the 
coming season and is also secretary of the athletic association. Bro. 


Andrews, MH), will probably be major of the university battalion and 
manager of the glee and banjo clubs. Bro. R. E. Beebe, '00, is assist- 
ant business manager of the I'niversity Cynic. The military depart- 
ment is in a very prosperous condition, and a number of Phis are 
officers of the battalion. 

The entering class promises to be fully as large as last year, and our 
pros|>ects are very good. Sixteen Phis will probably return in due 
season, and we are confident that our '02 delegation will be, as was 
that of '01, practically our choice from that class. 

Of the other fraternities. Lambda Iota (local ) will probably return 
9 men; Sigma Phi, 11; Delta Psi (local), lo; Alpha Tau Omega, 12; 
Kappa Sigma, 18; and Sigma Nu (chaptered last year), 15. * A 9 is 
the only fraternity here living in a chapter house. Our house is so 
constructed that we find boarding in it a very convenient and practi- 
cable experiment. The house committee will return early, and neces- 
sary furnishings will be put in and repairs made before college opens. 
Although we have not yet started a chapter house fund, an earnest 
endeavor will be made to do so the coming year. 

Our foot ball team, which until last year was almost unheard of, is 
now on a firm basis and has the assurance of the hearty support of the 
student body. The 'varsity team, as well as the class teams, received 
thorough training last year, and the positions left vacant by '98 will be 
filled by others who are sure to develop into good men. We feel that 
a new era in foot ball is just dawning with us and that we are soon to 
take the place which we should occupy on the gridiron. * A 9 was 
represented by three men on the 'varsity last year, Bros. Keeler and 
Forbes, '98, and Lincoln. '00. Bro. Lincoln will return, and we shall 
expect to have representatives from '01 or '02. 

Wishing every chapter a successful year in all its undertakings, I 

Yours in the Bond, 

Burlington, September 10, 1898. Glenn C. Goui.d. 


In the June letter to The Scroli^ may be found a full account of 
the honors attained and progress made by this chapter during the 
greater part of the last college year, and it remains now to add only 
a few items in connection with its closing weeks. 

The annual reception was held May 2'), and in spite of unfavorable 
weather it was successful in all its appointments and thoroughly en- 
joyed by a large number of guests from Smith, Wellesley, and Mount 

Closely following this reception, on May 27, we appropriately cele- 
brated the tenth anniversary of the founding of Massachusetts Beta 
with a banc^uet at the Amherst House. Several alumni were present, 
bringing with them good cheer and greetings from absent alumni. 
As we look back over the ten years of our chapter's existence we feel 
justly proud of the progress that has been made, and at the beginning 
of this second decade we are determined to make continued progress 
along the lines already begun. 

With the class of '98 we lost a strong delegation of seven loyal Phis, 
who have done much to bring honor to Phi Delta Theta. Bro. Lyman 
was chairman of the cap and gown committee and a member of the 
committee on committees ; Bro. Porter, chairman of the music com- 
mittee ; Bro. McAllister, choregus ; Bro. Trefethen, permanent secre- 


tary ; Bro. Strong was one of the six sp>eakers in competition for the 
Hyde prize in oratory. 

Besides these commencement honors taken by the outg[oing seniors, 
Bro. Austin, '99, received the Thompson prize of $S^ in junior Latin ; 
Bro. Brooks, '99, was elected president of the local chapter of Phi 
Beta Kappa ; Bro Marriott, '99, is now president of the New England 
inter-collegiate press association ; Bro. Klaer, '00, was chosen captain 
of next year's athletic team. 

College re-opened September lo, with an entering class of about 120. 
Bros. Stevens, Roden and Marsh, all of '01, have not returned this 
year. Bro. Stevens will aflFiliate with New York Alpha ; Bro. Marsh 
will return in January. 

The rushing season is now about over, and from the entering class 
we have eleven good men pledged, whom we shall be pleased to in- 
troduce to the Fraternity in the December Scroll. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Amherst, September 17, 1898. Dewey H. Hurd. 


New York Alpha of Phi Delta Theta probably never passed through 
a more successful year than the collegiate year of '97 -'98. With thirty 
active members few things took place at Cornell in which * A 9 did 
not have a leading place. 

In athletics we were particularly prominent. There were fifty 
'varsity C's in the whole university, seven of which w^ere held by 
* A G men. On the '97 foot ball team were Bros. Whiting (who will 
captain the '98 team), Hackett and Dempsey. On the track team 
were Bros. Thomson, Zeller and Kinsey, while Bro. Haskell repjre- 
sented us on the '98 base ball team, Bros. Brower and White playing 
on the second 'varsity. We also had Bros. English and Fay to repre- 
sent us on the freshman crew, while Bro. Bassford upheld the honor 
of * A G on the fencing team. 

On the musical clubs 4> A G was well represented, Bros. Wynne and 
Bassford being leaders of the glee and banjo clubs, respectively. Bro, 
Morrison, '01, secured a place on the dramatic club, while Bro. Ihlder 
is one of the editors of the Cornell Shu for the coming year. 

But * A G's men did not devote their time to pleasure alone. Bro. 
English carried off the first Sibley prize, and the following list of de- 
grees shows that we had our students: H. H. Haskell, B. S.; A. E. 
Whiting, LL. B.; T. W. Wright, LL. B.; C. F. Hackett, M. E.; W. B. 
Newton, M. H ; W. H. Thomson. M. E.; S. E. Whiting, M. E.; J. H. 
W^ynne, M. K. 

When, during the war with Spain, the call for volunteers came, 
Bro. Thomson, '9S, responded, took the examination at the Brooklyn 
navy yard, passed and is now an assistant engineer, U. S. N., with the 
relative rank of ensign. He is inspecting shells at Elmira, N. Y., for 
the navy. 

We are sorry to sa\' that several faces besides those of the graduat- 
ing class will be missed from New York Alpha the coming year. Bro. 
Baldwin, '98, left college before the close of the collegiate year to ac- 
cept a position in California. Bro. vSmith, '00, left us to accept a posi- 
tion in Philadelphia, and Bro. Andrews, '00, also left to accept a posi- 
tion. vStill we expect to fill all these vacancies with men equally as 
good and able to uphold the fair name of 4> A G. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Ithaca, vSeptember 12, 1898. Kklton Ewing White. 



At the one hundred and forty-fourth annual commencement of Col- 
umbia University, on June 8, 1898, New York Delta saw one of her 
sons, Bro. Stallo Vinton, receive the degree of A. B., while three others, 
Bros. H. W. Egner, A. W. Opp and O. W. Ehrhorn, received that of 
LL. B. Of the Phis who received the higher degrees there were Bros. 
George A. Goodell, .\mhersi, '94, who received the degree of A. M., 
and Bro. John A. Mathews, Columbia, '95, who received the degree 
of Ph. D. 

As foreshadowed in our letter to the June Scroll, B. M. L. Ernst, 
*99, college, was duly initiated prior to the end of the term and will 
prove a source of strength to the chapter. Bro, Van Gelder, '9^), in- 
structor in the department of chemistry, has severed his connection 
with the university and accepted a lucrative position with the Repanno 
Chemical Co. of Chester, Pa. Bro. Spaulding, W'rmout, '94, who pur- 
sued graduate studies at Columbia, has left for Germany, where he will 
spend two years in further study and research. 

Bro. F. W. Hinrichs, Jr., has entered West Point, but we are expect- 
ing the return of Bros. W. P. Hailey, '98, medical, who has been 
sojourning in Indian Territory for his health, George Parish, who has 
been traveling in Africa, and Charles E. Fleming. We also expect 
several affiliates. 

During the summer vacation Bro. Otto Hinck has captured two sil- 
ver cups in the tennis tournaments at Montclair, N. J. 

With the oi>ening of the college in October the hitherto perennial 
problem of chapter quarters will again present itself as a live question, 
but as the undergraduate chapter will unite with the club in obtaining 
a house or rooms adequate to the needs of both, and suitable for per- 
manent occupancy, future members of New York Delta should be 
spared this annual distressing search and be left free to devote all their 
efforts to internal development and improvement. 

In the Bond, 

New York, September 10, 1898. Oscar Wkeks Ehrhorn. 


College opened on Thursday, September 8, with a freshman class of 
fifty-seven, a slightly smaller number than last year. During the 
summer vacation, the preparatory building was entirely renovated 
and refurnished. In the college department there have been no 
material changes, save the appointment of Prof. Brede, of German- 
town, Pa., a graduate of Johns Hopkins, to the chair of modern lan- 
guages, recently made vacant by the resignation of Dr. Martin. 

We lost two men by graduation last June : Bro. Singniaster, who 
was a second honor man and one of the commencement speakers, and 
Bro. Krafft, who was ivy poet. Bro. Singmaster expects to enter 
Lehigh this fall, where he will pursue a course in chemistry, while 
Bro. Krafft will be with us again as a student in the theological serai- 

Brothers Lantz, '94, and English, '94, who were graduated at the 
seminary last May have charges at Millersburg and Saxton respec- 

We take pleasure in introducing to the Phi world as pledged brothers, 
Mr. Percival Heinselman, '01, of Fayetteville, Pa., and Mr. Maurice 
H. Floto, '03, of Berlin, Pa. Mr. Heinselman has entered the sopho- 


more class from the Chambersburg Academy and before this letter is 
published will be a full fledged Phi. Mr. Floto, being a prep., ^411 
not be initiated until he becomes eligible. 

Last year was the first that * r A refused to initiate preps., while 
2 X and A T li still do it, last year 2 X having six and AT ft one. 
Two of the men whom 2 X took did not return, and one is still a prep* 

At our banquet last June, we had about twenty-seven Phis wiUi us, 
among whom were Bros. Welsh, Lehigh ^ '01, and Bro. Hartung, Aiie- 
ghefj\\ '1)8. Bro. Lantz, '94, was toastmaster, and the toasts and 
reminiscences that came afterward all dwelt on one theme — our new 
chapter house. 

During the evening we pledged |U3oO.O() in additional subscriptions. 
We had hoped to have the corner-stone laying during commencement 
week, but we learned that it is easier to plan such things than to exe- 
cute them, and work has not begun. Before October reaches us, how- 
ever, we expect to be well under way, and the chapter house that 
ScROi.i^ readers and many others, I am sure, have oegun to think 
nothing more than an idle dream, will at last be a reality. Owing to 
the action of the faculty, the Gettysburg chapter houses may be 
nothing more than lodges, but we expect to have a lodge that will 
outstrip any on the campus. The plans call for a house built of white 
limestone, roof and gables to be of stained shingles, and a porch, 40x10, 
along the front. On the first floor we will have smoking and recep- 
tion rooms, and the second story, which will be a dormer story, will 
be devoted to the uses which concern none but Phis and Phis about- 
to-be. 4» K 4^ and 2 X have one-stor>' lodges, while * P A has a two- 
story house of Moorish design, to which last spring they added an old 
colonial porch, making, to say the least, a rather striking combina- 

The fraternities as they returned numbered as follows : * K 4', 7 ; 
* r A, 11 ; 2 X, () ; 4> A e, G ; A T fi, 3. Last year there was a crowd of 
applicants for a 2 A E charter, some of them going so far as to exhibit 
2 A E pillows, but they have been turned down, we believe. Another 
crowd had aspirations after A K E but, failing that, decided to perpetu- 
ate themselves as a new national fraternity. They have been very 
secret in their doings, and we can not find out just what they intend. 

Bro. Coble, '1>7, will take a course at Johns Hopkins University this 
winter and Bro. Kain, 'DT, who was with us as instructor in mathe- 
matics in the preparatory department, expects to enter the Har\'ard 
law school. Bro. McClean, ex-'Ol, is reading law preparatory to en- 
tering the same school. Bro. Gettier, 'IKJ, received an appointment in 
the surgical corps of the army. 

Bro. Beerits, '99, is president of the athletic association and base 
ball manager for the coming season. Bro. Markel, '00, is class presi- 
dent and assistant editor of the Sped runt. 

In the annual inter-fraternity tennis tournament last June, * A 9 
was represented by Bros. Carver and Huber. The diff'erent fraterni- 
ties were paired as follows: 4> A e vs. A T 12. <t> T A vs. * K 4', * K 4^ 
vs. 2 X, * K 4^ vs. I^ A B. The games were closely contested through- 
out, we defeated A T 12, but were unable to down the * K 4''s in the 

The prospects for a successful foot ball season are considerably 
brighter than last year, notwithstanding the fact that the captain has 
been lost to the team by enlisting in one of the Pennsylvania rejji- 
ments. A coach has been secured, and practice has already begun in 
earnest. Several Phis will try for positions on the team and, we hope, 
will be successful. 


Pennsylvania Beta will be represented at the semi-centennial con- 
vention by Bro. Beerits, '99, delegate, and your reporter as alternate, 
and by several of the alumni, we trust. Bro. Beerits will be remem- 
bered as one of the visitors to the Philadelphia convention. 

We extend our congratulations and best wishes to our new brothers 
at the University of Cincinnati and hope for them and for all the old 
chapters in this our fiftieth year, a wave of prosperity such as has 
never before been known. 

Very sincerely yours in the Bond, 

Hiram H. Keller. 

Gettysburg, September 10, 1898. 


The ninety-eighth year of Washington and Jefferson College opened 
on Wednesday, September 14. So far 1 14 new students have been en- 
rolled, making an increase in the enrollment, as compared with the 
first day of last year, of 81. It is thought that the total enrollment 
will exceed 300 students and be larger than last year. The prospects 
for a large enrollment this fall were not considered vSo bright a few 
weeks ago as now. Thirty-six men left with the class of '98, thirty or 
more are in the volunteer army, and these with the usual number of 
men who do not return made a large number to be replaced by new 
students. However, the war has not had a bad effect on the attend- 
ance, and the prospects are good for many new men. 

The rushing season is now at its height. There are many desirable 
men among the newcomers, and Pennsylvania Gamma will get her 
share. All the fraternities had 'advance details' here to look after 
their interests, and the new men will be well cared for. We shall pur- 
sue a conservative course but shall not let any good men slip. The 
chapter house scheme has fallen through for this year, and we are 
now engaged in beautifying our hall, expecting to hold forth there 
for another year at least. Our chapter house venture would have 
been a success had not the owner of the house we were negotiating 
for suddenly died. The scheme is not dea^], however, and we will 
have a house some time. 

Pennsylvania Gamma's men are nearly all back in school. Of our 
four '98 men, three are here and will take active interest in the fra- 
ternity work. Brothers Baker and Rule will be here all year. Brother 
Moore until October '>; Brother Bell is in West Point. Brother Logan, 
'99, has gone to Princeton, Brother Eicher. '9*1. is with the Tenth 
Pennsylvania at Manila, and Brother Craft will be out this tenn on 
account of illness, having the typhoid fever. All the others are here. 

Commencement last June was a memorable one and was most patri- 
otic in every way. One member of '98 in the army secured a furlough 
and came home for graduation. He was the lion of the week. In ad- 
dition the recruits for the Tenth regiment were encamped in Wash- 
ington, and many student members were in the battalion. Gen. Beaver 
was present and presided over the alumni meetings. Reference was 
frequently made during the exercises to the members of 'i)8 then en 
route to Manila. 

Our Phis in '98 were all graduated with honor. Brother Rule was 
graduated eum iaude and Brothers Bell and Baker with honorary ora- 
tions. Brother Moore was not a candidate for graduation. Brother 
Baker, in addition, was awarded the first prize of |100 in physics and 
chemistry. He was a member of the committee on the senior prome- 


nade, and Brother Rule was orator at the class day exercises. Brother 
Bell was at West Point and received his degree /// ahseutia. 

Since graduation our Phis are still gathering in the honors. Brother 
Rule has been elected principal of the Washington high school, suc- 
ceeding Brother A. A. Hays, '95, who was advanced to the position of 
superintendent of all the schools of the borough. Brother Baker will 
be in Washington all year taking graduate work at the college, and 
Brother Moore will enter the Allegheny Theological Seminary next 

We are all proud of the fact that it was the lot of the Tenth Pennsyl- 
vania to open the engagement at Manila and lo shed the first blood 
there. The regiment did nobly and is an honor to the state and 
nation. We are proud that so many Washington and Jefferson stu- 
dents and graduates are members of the regiment as officers or en- 
listed men. Nine of '97 's foot ball team are in the command, includ- 
ing Captain Eicher. An account of the part taken by the Phis in the 
battle of Malate is given elsewhere in this issue of Thk Scroi,!^. 

Foot ball prospects are looming up brightly. They had never seemed 
so discouraging before, but many new men, including the captains of 
four other teams, have entered college, and the outlook is good. 
Theurer, for three years a tackle on the team and a fellow-townsman 
of Captain Eicher, has been elected to succeed him. Core, the star 
guard, has secured his discharge from the Fourteenth regiment and 
will be back to play. The schedule as arranged last spring will remain 
intact. It includes games with Princeton, Lafayette, Pennsvlvania 
State, Adelbert, Pittsburgh Athletic Club and D. C. & A. C. of Pitts- 
burgh. The season opens on Saturday, September 24, with Marietta 
College, at Washington. Preliminary practice was begun September 
1. Twenty-four men have already reported for practice. W. D. Inglis, 
captain of the team in '90, assistant coach last year and left guard for 
four years, is coach. 

We wish to thank those brothers who have written us of the coming 
of new men to Washington and Jefferson. We are looking them all 
up and hope to make good Phis of all that we have been written 

With this letter your reporter lays down his pen very reluctantly 
after nearly three years' service. He has enjoyed talking to the Phis 
through The Scroll and shall always look back with pleasure upon 
the years of his active fraternity life and his term as reporter. 

With best wishes for the success of all chapters of Phi Delta Theta 
in the rushing season and congratulations on all new men, I remain 

Yours in the Bond of * A 9, 

Washington, September 16, 1S98. D. Glenn Moore. 


The past year has been a very favorable one for our chapter. It was 
begun with a heavy debt, all of which was removed before its close, 
and we are now in an excellent financial condition. 

Phi Delta Theta had a large share of honors in the college organiza- 
tions. Bro. McClenthen was the editor-in-chief of the'^e*^ and Blue. 
Bro. Wise was the coxswain of the victorious university crew which 
lowered the colors of Cornell but a short time after the latter had de- 
feated Yale and Harvard. 

At the close of the last foot ball season Bro. Outland was chosen to 


captain the eleven on the field this year. • A Phi thus received proba- 
bly the highest athletic honor in the gift of the university. 

We lost by graduation Bros. Barker, Craig, I^awson, Moses, McClen- 
then and Wise. Their loss is deeply regretted by the chapter, but 
they are certain to make their influence felt as alumni. 

The recent war caused considerable excitement in university circles. 
Bros. Doland and Miller, of our active chapter, as well as Bros. Stokes, 
O'Brien and Kimball, of our young alumni, took up arms for their 

That which is of the greatest interest not only to ourselves but also 
to the Fraternity at large is yet to be spoken of — the new chapter 
house. The work in its erection is progressing, and we fully exi>ect 
the dawn of ninety-nine to witness the completion of the finest fratern- 
ity house in Pennsylvania. 

With greetings to all Phis, 1 remain 

Yours in the Bond, 

Philadelphia, September 10, 1898. J. H. Ackkr. 


Since our last letter to Thh Scroll the most successful year in the 
history of the University of the South has drawn to a close. The 
commencement program was an unusually interesting one; among the 
most important events being the laying of the cornerstone of the Hoff- 
man dormitory, the cost of which will be |^>0,000. The number of 
visitors far exceeded that of any previous year, which manifests the 
growing interest taken in Sewanee and the rapid progress being made. 

Though we only had one member of the graduating class, our chap- 
ter is very unfortunate in having lost several of the oldest nifmbers, 
whose past work and wise counsel will be very much missed. Bro. 
Hodgson was graduated with the degree of B. A., but we are glad to 
say that he will remain with us another j^ear, during which time he 
will pursue his M. A. studies. 

Bro. Weed, who has for several years been a tireless worker and the 
father of our chapter, so to speak, was ordained in St. Augustine's 
chapel, August lo. With our deepest regret at losing him, but with 
the best wishes of every member of the chapter, he has entered upon 
his duties at St. Mark's church, Philadelphia. 

Bros. Harding and Spears will attend the theological seminary in 
New York city. They are both enthusiastic Phis, and in them Ten- 
nessee Beta has lost two loyal members. Bros. Laird, Slack and Wil- 
liams, F. C, have left college to engage in business at their respective 

As the closing days of last term and the brothers who left us have 
been accounted for, we now take pleasure in introducing to the Phi 
world, Bro. Boberg, of Louisiana, and Bro. Mitchell, of Missouri, both 
of whom have entered the theological department, and Bro. Smith, of 
Texas, who has entered the academic department. 

Bro. DuBose reflected great credit upon himself and Tennessee Beta 
by winning the contest in declamation of the Sigma I^psilon literary 
society. Bro. Smith, our latest initiate, who was graduated from the 
Sewanee grammar school in August, won the medals in mathematics 
and history, being the only graduate receiving two medals. Bros. 
Hodgson and Parrott are again secretary of the senior German club 


and athletic editor of the Purple, respectively. We are in receipt of 
the good news that Bro. Wilder, who is now on duty in Porto Rico, 
has been promoted from second to first lieutenant of his company in 
the First Kentucky. 

We have recently made some improvements upon our chapter house 
and grounds, among them being a new hard wood floor and repairs on 
the tennis court. For the greatly improved appearance of our house, 
we are, however, indebted to four loyal Phi sisters, of whom we are 
justly proud, as we are honored by the fact that they wear the badge 
of Phi Delta Theta. 

We are glad to welcome Bro. Hudson, of Alabama Alpha, who will 
affiliate with us. 

The chapter at present is in a splendid condition as regards num- 
bers, quality and finances; consequently we are looking forward to 
another very prosperous term. With best wishes, I am 

Yours in the Bond. 

Sewanee, September 7, IS98. • RoitT. S. Jkmison. 



The late commencement at Emory College was fraught with honors 
for Georgia Beta. The Pliis here enjoy the distinction of having won 
three of the four medals offered for oratory. Bros. Tilley, senior, 
Campbell, junior, and Quinney, freshman, composed the successful 
trio. If there is anything upon which the Phis at Emory lay special 
pride and stress, it is the art of declamation and speaking. The con- 
sequence is, we lead far and away the other chapters in this feature of 
college excellence. Bro. Tilley was also champion debater from Few 
literary society, in which capacity he further emphasized his ability 
as an orator. Bro. Tilley was also selected by the faculty as alter- 
nate in the Georgia state oratorical contest, which occurs in Atlanta in 
October. Hro. Jesse Wood captured the sophomore essay medal, and 
Bro. Murray the mathematics prize. We lost three men in the class of 
M)S, Bros. Murray, Bradley and Tilley. We reluctantly give them up, 
but we are glad tliey have been with us and heartily bid them God- 
speed for the future. At this writing I have every reason to believe 
that we shall enjoy a most successful opening this fall. W^e lost only 
three men by graduation and may reasonably rely on sixteen of last 
year's Phis returning. With this advantage there is no reason why 
we should not build up an exceptionally strong chapter during the 
coming year. 

Bro. Will Tindall has been elected to succeed the undersigned as 

With best wishes to Thk Scroll and Phis generally, I remain 

Yours in the Bond, 

Oxford, September 10, 18118. Frank S. Palmkr. 



The Ohio University opened on September Y.\ with an attendance 
which seems to indicate that the year of 'i>8-'99 is to be an exceed- 
ingly prosperous one. 

Since the increased income has been given to old O. U. her pros- 


pects seem brighter than ever before. We lost last year from our 
faculty Prof. L. B. Phillips the instructor in instrumental music. 
This place has been supplied by Miss Nellie Van Voorhees of this 
city. Dr. Crook, who has held the president's chair for the past two 
years, has resigned and Dr. C. \V. Super, our former president, has 
been made dean of the faculty. The laboratories and buildings have 
been renovated and enlarged and made much more pleasant than 
they formerly were. 

We lost by graduation last June Bros. O'Bleness, Scott and Tullis. 
Bro. Scott will continue the study of medicine in Pittsburgh this win- 
ter. Bro. Tullis has secured a very remunerative position with the 
Western Union Telegraph Company in Cincinnati. Bro. C. G. 
O'Bleness will continue his work in the newspaper world. We begin 
wMth nine men but are naturally expecting more before the year is over. 

Our banquet, which was held on June 21, at Hotel Berry, was a 
success in every particular, as on that evening about thirty-five Phis 
with their ladies enjoyed Phi songs and refreshments until the wee 
sma' hours. 

During the vacation the resident Phis were visited by Bros. Dent, 
'88, of New Haven, Conn., A. E. Leonard, '88, of Syracuse, N. Y., 
and DeCamp, '94, of Gallipolis, Ohio. The number of 'Athenian 
Phis' has been increased by Bro. F. S. Coultrap, '74, formerly of Nel- 
sonville, Ohio, who has secured the position of superintendent of the 
Athens public schools. Bro. R. C. Super, '9"), who has been studying 
in Germany for the past two years, is expected to return to his home 
here within the next month. 

Since our last letter we have initiated Bro. Walter S. Sheldon, 
whom we take great pleasure in introducing to the Fraternity. We 
hope, before the time for the next letter to Thk Scrou. shall have 
arrived, to have initiated more good men. 

Hoping to see all Phis that happen our way and with best wishes, 1 

Yours in the Bond. 

Athens, September L"), 1898. Dorr C. Casto. 


Ohio Eta begins the fall term with eleven active men, all in good 
standing as to fraternity and college work. Although the chapter has 
been much w^eakened by the loss of what we believe to be some of the 
best men the Fraternity has ever known, we still hope and shall faith- 
fully \xy to keep Ohio Eta up to the standard which these men have 
set for her. 

With the class of '98, Bro. Frank E. Hulett left the active chapter, 
a graduate in the mechanical engineering course with the degree of 
A. B. Bro. Hulett was the last remaining charter member of Phi 
Lambda Omicron, and to him, perhaps, more than to any other one 
man, Ohio Eta owes her present standing. In his devotion to the Fra- 
ternity and his utter unselfishness wherever the Fraternity was con- 
cerned, Bro. Hulett could scarcely be equaled, never excelled. He is 
now with the Webster, Camp & Lane Co., of Akron, O. Bros. Orrin F. 
French, David Jones and Wilbur J. Watson also left us with the class 
of '98. Bro. French, who is now with the Home Telephone Com- 
pany, was graduated in the electrical engineering course with the 
degree of A. B. Bro. Jones, now managing a medical gazette, was 
graduated in the physics course with the degree of A. B. Bro. Wat- 



son. who is with the Osborne Co.. was graduated in the civil engineer- 
ing cf jurat with the same degree. These are all true Phis and men of 
sterling worth and will leave a gap in the chapter ranks hard to fill. 
Kro. Edwin B. Baltzley. who affiliated i^ith us a few days before com- 
mencement, was graduated in the chemical course with the degree of 
A. B. Ohio Eta was the only fraternity at Case to graduate men with 
the class of '•-♦>. 

Commencement exercises were held on June 2. an excellent address 
Ijeing delivered by President Andrews, of Brown University. On the 
e\'ening of commencement day the senior reception took place in the 
main build ng. 

Since the granting of a charter to Ohio Eta it has been customary 
for the underclassmen to give a banquet to the seniors, and this year 
was no exception to the rule. Hence. June 7 was the occasion of a 
mr>st enjoyable spread, the mighty graduates outdoing themselves in 
their toasts and words of wisdom. 

In athletics our chapter was well at the front during the spring 
term. On the base ball team we were represented by Bros. Diebold, 
Nieding and QuaTTie, while Bro. Jones acted as manager. The joint 
field day between Case and \V. R. V. resulted satisfactorily to our- 
.selves, although we were defeated by ttn p>oiuts. On the track team 
Bro. Jones, who was captain, took fifteen points and Bro. Quarrie ten. 
Bro. Jones was awarded the faculty medal as best all-around athlete. 

With Bro. Nieding as captain and Bro. Clyne as assistant manager, 
fo(A ball bids fair to flourish at Case this fall. While the team has 
been greatly weakened by the loss of several old men, still the raw 
material present gives a very encouraging outlook. 

The Ptffiirutial, edited by the junior class, was conceded to be one 
of the best bof>ks ever published at Case. Bro. Stephan was editor-in- 
chief and Bro. Dieliold business manager. 

Jvast year we made our first efforts in the way of securing a chapter 
house, and the plan was unanimously voted a success. Starting with 
abs^>lutely no money, we procured our furniture on the installment 
plan, rented a large house, hired a matron and proceeded to pay our 
debts. This, too, with but from four to six men rooming at the house. 
Neither were our personal expenses much increased by this extrav- 
agance. Our success in this line was largely due to the help given us 
by our mothers, sisters and other Phi girls, whose untiring em>rts did 
niurh to make our house the Phi home it was. Chapters who have 
not tried it have no idea how a house unites the boys; there seems to 
be no excuse why every good, healthy chapter should not have a home 
of some kind. 

Of the three other fraternities at Case, Z 4^ and ft 4^ (local) are ex- 
tremely weak, having but three or four men each. A K (local) is com- 
paratively .strong and is now in a house. 

On May '1T^ we gave a reception for prospective new men, which was 
apparently much enjoyed by all. Through the summer our new pres- 
ident, Bro. Stephan, has been very active, getting out two circular let- 
ters, one to active men and one to alumni, requesting information 
regarding men al>out to enter Case. Our men at thefront have proved 
an honor to the chaj)ter, as we knew they would. Bro. Gleason has 
been promoted to first .sergeant and Bro. Tyler to corporal of Co. C of 
the iMfth Ohio. They are at present at Fernandina, Fla. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Cleveland, September 10, isOs. Roy C. GifFORD. 



Our first letter to The Scroll must necessarily be very amusing to 
the Fraternity at large, owing to the * greenness ' of the chapter, and 
especially of the reporter, in the handling and writing of iratemily 

At our first meeting we elected officers to act during the summer 
months, Bro. Schoenle. '-'S. law. ''."X being our first president ; Bro. 
Schlemmer. '<>». is treasurer, and Bro. McGill. 'i"*. historian. We de- 
cided that to be ready to meet our rivals on an equal footing it would 
be best for us to hold meetings every week through the summer and 
so accustom ourselves to the details of fraternity work as well as pos- 
sible. Our rushing, hall, badge and furnishing committees were all 
appointed and have been busy and untiring in their efforts in behalf 
of the chapter. Our Cincinnati alumni will hold a meeting on Satur- 
day noon, September 24. to confer and co-operate with us in securing 
a hall. 

We established a camp on the Big Miami river this summer, and 
kept open house for some four weeks, where we had unlimited oppor- 
tunities for hunting, fishing rowing, swimming, and enjoying our- 
selves generally. One of the beauties of the camp was its quiet and 
solitude, owing to its location on a lonely road, accessible only by a 
ver\' rough bicycle path. 

We expect to keep our standard very high and make the semi-cen- 
tennial chapter a model one, always pursuing a conservative policy. 
We ex|>ect to be in our hall within two or three weeks ; and it is going 
to be a beauty, as our alumni seem determined to see that it is 
furnished in proper shape. The rep>orter is the only active member 
the chapter will lose this year. We have several gooa men * on the 
string,' and our new rej>orter will probably be able to write a much 
more satisfactory letter than this one can be. 

My chief regret in leaving Cincinnati is the necessary severance of 
my connection with our active chapter, but I am delighted to know 
that so many good Phi soldiers are already in the Philippines, and 
til at so many more are soon to go. I hope to meet them all. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Cincinnati, September 20. 1S98. James Brown* Kemper. 


Although school has not opened at Butler the outlook is unusually 
gratifying to those interested in Indiana Gamma and in Phi Delta 
Theta. We will abandon our hall of former years for a chapter house, 
the first and only one so far maintained at Butler. The class of '02 
promises to be by far the largest in the history of the college. 

We lost two members by graduation, Bros. Dalrymple and Rioch, 
each of whom will soon be engaged in his chosen line of work. Bro. 
Dalrymple will be instructor of Latin in the Peru - Ind. ) high school, 
and Bro. Rioch will go as a missionary to India. Among our alumni, 
Bro. Blount took his A. M. last year, and Prof. D. C. Brown, who has 
been so seriously ill, resumed his place in the faculty. 

On account of the delay in getting the field in proper condition last 
spring, the track team failed to get its requisite training, and Butler 
captured no first place at the state field day. 

At the local tennis tournament Bro. McGaughey, 'Ml, was easy win- 
ner of the singles, securing a place in the doubles, as well. He also 
represents * A G on the glee club. Phi Delta Theta as usual was well 


represented in the commencement week exercises, Bro. Hobbs being 
uimnimously chosen by the juniors to be their speaker on all occa- 
sions. At the close of the year 2! X and ATA, our two rivals, num- 
bered seven actives, while we number six. Hoping that all chapters 
mav soon add many men who will uphold the honor and fame of 
Piif Delta Theta. I am 

Yours in the Bond, 
Irvington, September 9, 1898. John M. Cunnixc.ham. 


The college year of '98- 'OD will open at l)e Pauw on September *J1. 
All indications point to an attendance of about the same number of 
students as last year. An organized effort to increase the endowment 
by ^oOO.OOO has met with flattering success. 

In pursuance of a policy of retrenchment, the teaching force has 
been decreased by the dismissal of the following instructors in the 
preparatory school: Hanawalt in mathematics, Mcintosh in history, 
and Riley in physiology. Miss Kern will take Miss Weaver's place 
in the French department. The chair of philosophy vacated by Dr. 
Bigham will be assumed by Dr. Gobin. The entire theological de- 
partment has been abolished. 

It is with regret that I announce the resignation of Bro. A. R. Priest, 
*91, professor of oratory, who has accepted a position at the University 
of Wisconsin. By his departure the athletic interests lose an ardent 
supporter and the chapter a devoted and helping friend. In his place 
we are glad to welcome Bro. John M. Walker, '9<>, who has been teach- 
in;^ in the Maryville (Mo.) Seminary. 

By graduation we lost five as worthy brothers as ever wore the sword 
and shield of Phi Delta Theta: C. D. Meade, Ph. B.. member of the 
debating team, lieutenant and adjutant in the I). C. C; W. S. Peters, 
A. B , member of the Skull club; C. C. O'Dell, Ph. B., member of the 
track team and Palladinm board; F. I. Stults, Ph. B., business man- 
ager of the Jfirai^i', member of B X E, Skull and glee clubs; B. F. 
R'jller, foot ball and track captain, member of Skull and glee clubs. 
Bros. Peters, O'Dell and Meade were elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Bro. 
Peters was chosen tutor in Latin for the coming year. Bro. Thomas 
w^^s elected assistant editor of the I\xlhidimn and Bro. Elkins, adver- 
tising agent. 

Bros. Hodges and Macy will not return on account of sickness. 
Br. 'S. Sims, Collings and Elkins will teach at their homes. Bros. I£d- 
wards and Baird will not return. B B II will probably return \'^ men; 
A K E, * K ^P and * A O. 18 each; 2) X and A T, 10 each; 4> T A S; 2 N, 
7; ATA, 5. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Greencastle, September 19, 187S. Chas. B. CAMPinci.i.. 



Illinois Beta of Phi Dilta Theta will start the college year of lS'.)S-<) 
under much more favorable circumstances than last year, when but 
four men were returned. This year we begin with six active mem- 
bers, one pledged man and several whom we hope to affiliate. 

Brother Hales will return to us after a year spent in teaching, but 



we will give up to the profession in his stead Bro. Garrey, *91*. right 
end on last year's foot ball team. Bro. Garrey will teach during the 
year in the West Aurora high school and will re enter the university 
in the fall of WAK Bro. Leake. '<•!. will also be missed this year but 
will return next. Bro. Calhoun. '*.«^. captain of the track team last 
year, has been granted a graduate scholarship in geology- and will re- 
turn for advanced work in that subject. 

Of our graduates, Bros. Wilson. Mosser and Ickes, all of '^C are 
still in the neighborhofKl of the 'varsity and will live in the fraternity 
house, if we are so fortunate as to have one. Bro. Stockey, *9S, has 
departed to Colorado, where he is assisting in running the state uni- 
versity in the capacity of private secretary- to the president of that 
institution. Bro. Flanders, '!♦*<. returned in excellent health recently 
with the First Illinois from a tr\-ing campaign in Cuba. Bro. Flanders 
stood well the hardships that brought so many of his comrades low. 

Bro. Fulton, ex-''.**.*, received an appointment on the staff of F. W. 
Peck, U. S. general commissioner to the Paris exposition and left a 
short time ago for two year's stay in the ga\- capital. 

Bro. Laval, of Indiana Beta, is preparing to enter the university and 
has cast his lot with ours to the extent that he is living with us. We 
hope to affiliate him soon. Bro. McKee, of Ohio Delta, has entered 
the graduate school and will work for a doctor's degree in chemistry. 
Bro. Hoke, of Indiana Gamma, is here for the year as a graduate stu- 
dent, and others are ex|>ected. 

Numerically, the Betas were the strongest at the close of last year, 
with the Dekesj crowding them closely. Reverse these two chapters, 
and you have the standing of the fraternities in res|>ect to general 
strength, with Alpha Delta Phi, Psi Upsilon, Phi Kappa Psi, Delta 
Tau Delta and Sigma Chi trailing along behind. It is a well obser\ed 
policy here to keep all the chapters small. 

Psi Upsilon has taken a large house for the year and is in a fair way 
to find an elephant on its hands unless it picks up in membership. 
Delta Kappa Epsilon gave up the splendid quarters it was occupying 
and is casting about for other shelter. The Betas are reported as hav- 
ing given up the idea of running a house this year, and the Sigs are 
homeless. The Q. V. club, late the Sigma Nu chapter, is anxious to 
give up the lease of its flat, while Alpha Delta Phi, Phi Kappa Psi 
and Delta Tau Delta will rush freshmen at the old stands. 

Illinois Beta will ]>e glad to have all visiting brothers, foot ball or 
otherwise, call. 

Yours in 4» A O, 

Chicago, September 19, 1S98. H. L. ICKES. 


Illinois Delta commences the college year with twelve active and 
two pledged members, having lost by graduation Bros. Adcock and 
Raymond. Bro. Adcock will study law at Northwestern the coming 
year. Kiglit other members of last year's chapter will not be in col- 
lege this year. Bro. Brown, *9«», will study music in Chicago ; Martin, 
'99, enters into business in Omaha ; Johnson, '00, in St. Louis ; 
Ingle, 'nl, in Chicago; C. H. Mead, 'Ol, in Chillicothe, Illinois; W. 
W. Williams, 'ol, will not return on account of ill health ; TunnicliflF, 
•01, will enter the University of Illinois; H. H. Potter, '01, with 
Co. C, 0th Illinois, is sick in Porto Rico. The chapter has been 
strengthened by the return to college of Bros. G. M. Strain, ex-'97, H. 
N. Rex, '99, and W. M. Phelps, '02. 


Illinois Delta takes great pleasure in introducing into the Phi world 
Bro. Harry N. Torrey, '01, of Creston, Iowa. Knox has a larger at- 
tendance than ever before, and a most prosperous college year is pre- 
dicted. October 7 will be celebrated as Knox day at the Omaha expo- 
sition. Prominent alumni and a large delegation of students are 
expected to be present from here. 

Foot ball prospects for a successful season are especially bright. G. 
D. Stuart, of the University of Michigan, has been secured as coach, 
and old and new men are rapidly getting into shape. Hro. W. M. 
Lewis, '<K), is manager of the team and has arranged an unusually 
good schedule. At a recent meeting of the athletic control board 
Bro. Clyde A. Finley, 'U9, was elected captain. Bros. Blodgett, MH), 
and Clyde W. McCormack, '01, are probable candidates for the two 
ends. The first game of the season is scheduled with the University 
of Chicago on September '24. At the inter-collegiate Y. M. C. A. 
meeting at Lake Geneva, last June, Bro. Finley, '09, won first in the 
2'20-yard hurdles. 

In the literary field we are well represented. The Coup iV /iA/Zand 
k'fio.v Siiufefit have been united under the name of Tfw k'no.v Sttufvftt 
with Bro. Blodgett, '00, as editor-in-chief. Bro. Strain, '90, is literary 
editor and three others on the stall are Phis. 

Bro. Lewis, '00, is editor-in-chief of the college annual, the Gale. 

Illinois Delta extends best wishes for a most prosperous year to all 
sister chapters. 

In the Bond, 

Galesburg, September 22, 189H. Harold M. Holland. 


Seven Phis have returned to bear aloft the white and blue for Iowa 
Wesleyan. These will contend with five Betas for the opportunity to 
pin upon the incoming freshmen the colors indicative of victory. 

At least three brothers are prevented from being with us because 
they are now in the volunteer army. They are Chas. A. Hearne, '99, 
Jason Randall, '00, and Clyde O. lloober, '00. B B II lost but one 
man in this way. 

Our military department is non-existent this year on account of the 
absence of our commandant, called away by the exigencies of war. If 
it is organized during the year it will certainly prosper, as it will be 
officered largely by Phis. 

The Iotl'U IVesityufi has as editor-in-chief your correspondent. Bros. 
Crawford and Stafford are advertising agent and subscription agent, 
respectively. Bro. Crawford is also president of Hamline literary so- 
ciety. The three brothers graduated last spring are now widely sepa- 
rated. Bro. Helphrey, A. B., is in Washington on a tour of the west. 
Bro. Hukill, B. S., has gone to Colorado, where he hopes to find a 
more agreeable climate. Bro. Smith, Ph. B., is teaching at San Jose, 

During commencement week a reunion of visiting Phis was held, 
and the spirit of loyalty manifest cheered the heart of every one. 
The chapter house was discussed and met with enthusiastic considera- 

Amon^ the new members of the faculty is Prof. Kdwards, a Phi 
from Ohio Beta. That our chapter was agreeably surprised to learn 
of his coming goes without saying. He has the true Phi spirit, and 

kvs the scroll. 

the chapter appreciates his presence. As president of the German 
college Bro- E. S. Havinghorst. Iowa Alpha. '^7. has begun his ad- 
ministration. In him we have another warm friend. 

In the Bond of ♦ A 8. 
Mt. Pleasant. Septeml>et 19. lv»s. Jesse McF. Beck. 


At commencement Missouri Alpha had her share of the honors. 
Bro. Thompson received the degree of LL. B. magna cum laiuic, Bro. 
Royal 1 Switzler was given A, B. cum laudc and has been made teach- 
ing fellow in mathematics. Bros. M. R. Conley and Tiedeman. were 
made bachelorsof laws, and Bro. H. B. Williams was graduated as A. B. 

Four of the seven chapters here each gave their annual June ball 
during commencement week. ^Jurs. as usual, was a great success 

Bro. Harry Smiley, H'cstmiu.stcr, '1*7, is to leach here in Christian 
College this year. If Missouri Beta can get another as enthusiastic a 
Phi to fill Bro. Smiley's place in the cliapter she is indeed to be con- 
gratulated. The chapter was glad to welcome back to Columbia Bro. 
S. F. Conley, ''.h», who has spent several years in California. Bro. 
Conlev is as loval and enthusiastic a Phi as can be found, and has al- 
ready been of great assistance to the chapter. He brought back with 
him Bro. D. S. Conley — the fourth brother, all Phis who is a mem- 
ber of the class of '!♦'.». 

Miss^juri Alpha will return twelve men, and we expect to continue 
our gofxl work and get several more. We now have three good men 
pledged, who are ready for initiation. With this number we expect 
to continue our victorious career. Bro. English, A. B.. •1>7, law, *'.»*.♦, 
is a candidate for the master's degree in arts. Bro. Switzler, A. B.,'ns, 
will alsf^ be a candidate for the A. M. degree. 

Bro. T. J. J. S';;e, 'S'.*, has been invited to deliver a course of lectures 
on astronomy before the Lowell Institute of Boston, Mass. This is a 
very high honor paid Bro. See's ability as a scientist, as only the most 
distinguished of scientific men are invited to deliver these lectures, 
which, being given annually, have become a most prominent feature of 
the system of public lectures offered by the Lowell Institute to one of 
of the most cultivated and intellectual audiences in the country. Bro. 
See spent a few days with us this September, and we are much richer 
in good advice and good wishes. 

Bro. II. T. Cory, '1»1, of the chair of civil engineering here, has 
again resumed his duties after a trip to luirope. Bro. Cory often gives 
us the benefit of his advice and encouragement. He tells interestingly 
of his experiences in attempting to explain to the German student 
the American college fraternity as compared with his own cor/>s, and 
the intricacies of foot ball in contrast to duelling. 

With best wishes to all the chapters in the Bond, and with a hearty 
welcome to our new Cincinnati chapter, I remain 

Yours in 4>i-K€la, 

Columbia, September 1(», l.S<»S. Chari.ks Shimw.w Riffner. 


Kansas Alpha enters upon the sixteenth year of her existence and 
the semi-centennial of Phi Delta Theta full of vigor and abundant 
promise. We return with a smaller number than ought to be and 
feel a slight (|uaver for the day when the P. G. C. learns of the fact, 


but we will guarantee to prove before the year is out that we are not a 
•fatal few,' unless, perhaps, to our rivals. 

Although several of last year's under-class men failed to show up 
for various and obvious reasons, our greatest loss was sustained 
through the graduation of our senior quartette, John Lee, Tom 
Henry, Lon Wilcox and Harry McLaughlin. No stronger men were 
ever gained or lost by any chapter. All of them were prominent in 
general lines, yet each with his particular trait — Johnny, a power with 
the athletes and musicians; Tommy, with the 'Profs'; Lonnie, with 
the girls and Mac with the boys. 

But the greatest havoc in our ranks has been wrought by no less a 
m:ilady than matrimony. Four of our good brothers of last year are 
now gone beyond recall, victimized by Kappas, Pi Phis and Thetas 

Last year was a very profitable one to the university in all ways. A 
good representative senior class was graduated; their class efforts were 
attended with fair success, though largely under Barb management. 
Bros. Wilcox and Cooper figured very prominently in the senior play 
— in the passive voice. Two new university buildings are nearing 
completion, a power-house on the site of the old one which burned 
last spring and fine new machine shops erected through the generosity 
of Mr. Fowler, of Kansas City. A few minor changes in the faculty 
are announced. The foot ball outlook is splendid, more than half of 
the old men returning and much excellent raw material on hand. 

At present Kansas Alpha recites with Wordsworth, 'we are seven.' 
But \\\\\\ three good pledgelings almost at the start and many on the 
string, and the prospect of Bro. Hudson, lieutenant in the Twenty- 
second Kansas, being mustered out in a few days, we will soon begin 
to expand into a fuller and larger life. 

Cordially inviting any and all Phis to let us know when in this 
vicinity, I remain 

Yours in the Bond, 

Lawrence, September 13, 1SU8. Frank K. C.\sk. 


California B*ta opened the college year with the brightest prospects. 
With the exception of three men, all are back, and already four new 
Pliis have been ushered into the Fraternity. We take pleasure in pre- 
S:;ntitig Bros. C. E. Waite, Ralph D. Frisselle, J. E. Johnson and G. 
C. B >wman, all of '02. We were pleased to have with us at the initia- 
tion Bros. McDuffie and Stilson, of California .\lpha, and Bro. E. W. 
Hearne, §econd lieutenant of Co. F', 'dst Iowa, now encamped at the 
Presidio, San Francisco. During the summer our chapter house was 
repainted and tinted, while since our return much new furniture has 
been added, till now our house compares very favorably with the best, 
so far as furnishings go. 

Bro. H. P. Hill, 'IKS, is now attending the Toland medical school in 
Sin Francisco, and has already made us a visit. His brother, H. G> 
Hill, '99, also a Phi, is at present ill at his home in Redlands, but 
will be with us again after Christmas, if all goes well. 

Rushing has been active here this year, but 4> A H has held her own 
with her rivals and got the. men she went after. Several of our rivals 
have been handicapped by failure of their old men to return. Z 4' 
lost two men by enlistment last May. 

The reporter met Bros. Capt. W. H. Oury and Lieuts, Phil Russell 
and E. O. Weber last June, while the First Nebraska was encamped 
in San Francisco on its way to Manila. 



"4''** '■^ 


There are now in camp at the Presidio ten Phis in the 51st Iowa, 
four with the 20th Kansas and one with the First Tennessee. Cali- 
fornia Alpha and Beta are planning a joint banquet to be given with 
the assistance of their alumni to these visitin^s^ brothers. 

Yours in * A e, 

Stanford University, September 1*2, 1898. Ki)\v.\ri) T. MaplEvS. 



On the evening of July 27 the Phis of Evansville met at an informal 
smoker. Twelve were present, several of the resident members being 
out of town. 

Dr. Ed. Walker, Hauovet'y '(»9, also a charter member of the Mis- 
souri chapter, was master of ceremonies. Menu cards with the guest's 
name were at each plate, and a fine lunch was served. Bro. A. H. 
Funkhouser, De Fauii\ '81, gave a toast on Phi Delta Theta. He 
spoke of the Fraternity and of its great men. He moved that we have 
a meeting once a year and, as soon as the men in college are through, 
take steps toward organizing an alumni chapter. This was seconded 
and adopted. Bro. Folsom, Indiana, '94, of Roonville, responded to 
a toast. The other speakers were Bro. H. W. Little, li'ahash, '9*J, 
now at Johns Hopkins University ; Bro. McGregor, Ua/>as/i, '9o, and 
later at Purdue ; Bro. K. M. Douglas, Stuantr, '94, and Bro. D. M. 
Hinkle, Lafayette^ '97! The other Phis present were Bro. Anderson, 
Stanford^ '91, a charter member of his chapter; Bro. Porter Linthi- 
cum, Indiana^ '9f>, now at Yale ; Bro: O. C. Klein, Indiana, '97, of 
Mt. Vernon ; Bro. Chas. Little, H'ahasfi, '90. now at Johns Hopkins. 
The other Evansville Phis are Bros. Ishani Taylor and Lewis Taylor, 
J)c Pamv; Bro. A. F. Funkhouser, I)c Panic' "6?>\ Hro. vSam C.ilbert, 
Wabash^ now in Alaska; Bro. Chas. Welding, Wabash; Bro. Chas. 
Laval, Wabash; Bro. Lowry Gillett, Sncancc; Bro. Oscar Torian, 
Se7canet\ now at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Evansville, August 4, 1898. D.wid M. Hinklk. 


Nineteen Phis of Colorado met in reunion at the Brown Palace Ho- 
tel, on Saturday evening, June is, 1S9S. Every one of the eighty 
Pliis in Colorado, whose name was known to the committee, was 
notified of an informal reunion to be held upon the above date, and 
about 40 replies were received. To many this -^/as the first intimation 
that an alumni chapter existed in Colorado. 

The Colorado alumni chapter differs somewhat in its organization 
from any other chartered by the General Council in the particular 
that any Phi who may reside within the state is eligible to member- 
ship ; in other alumni chapters the membership, I believe, is restricted 
to the Phis resident in the city where the chapter is established. 

Application for a charter was made to the General Council late in 
1892 and was granted in a short time ; the organization was perfected 
at a banquet held at the Brown Palace Hotel, in March, 1S9:J ; an ac- 
count of which was published in Thk Scroll. Those present at our 
last reunion were : Dr. Alston Kllis, Miami, '<)7 ; Rev. David Utter, 
Indianapolis, '07 ; John F. Tourtellotte, Wisconsin, 'SJ ; Oscar J. 


Frost, Wisconsin, '82 ; Chas. L. Hover, Wisconsin, '87 ; Howard E. 
Barton, Wisconsin, 'iK^ ; Charles A. Bohn, Was/iinii/on,'\^S ; David H. 
Holmes, Wtjs/iim^^/on, 'Uo ; John L. I'elzer, Missouri, '7:i ; Ezra W. 
Davis. Lombard, 7:^ ; Albert P. Smith, Lombard, 'tM ; Wilbur H. 
Williams, XortbTccstcrn, *'.>5 ; Edmund J. Churchill, Xcbraska, '85 ; 
Clarence W. Rhodes, Xcbraska, Tl) ; Albert A. vStover, k'ansas, 'i)2 ; 
Jo. A. Fowler, k'ansas, '86; H. W. Spangler, Dickinson, '82; Dr. H. 
C. Snitcher, J/ic/ii^^an, '()8 ; Geo. E. Preble, Illinois Wcs/cvan, 'U2. 

After the banquet Bro. Churchill made a few remarks and then 
called upon Bros. Utter, »Snitcher, Bnhn, Tourtellotte and Ellis, and 
each was listened to with much interest. 

This reunion is the first meeting held since the organization of the 
chapter, more than five years ago, but every one who attended this 
meeting demanded that Alumni day be observed regularly ; so you 
may expect to hear from us on the fifteenth of next March. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Denver, vSeptember 12. 1S1>8. Geo. E. Prehle. 


On the beautiful island of Belvedere, in San Francisco bay, just a 
few hours after the gallant and victorious assaults of our forces on the 
heights of El Caney and San Juan, and, as it were, in unwitting cele- 
bration ot those events, the organized alumni in the vicinity of Camps 
Merriit, Merriam and Barrett tendered to the Phis in those camps an 
old-time fraternity reception, at the elegant home of our De Pauw 
member, C. O. Perry, which he generously placed at their disposal 
for the occasion. The isle itself and its surroundings, as well as 
'Locksley Hall,' the scene of the festivities, and its owner, have 
already had attention in The Scroll (June. 181)7;. The majority of 
the party first assembled in the waiting room of the Tiburon ferry 
at 8 :.')(), and, after a half hour's steaming abreast the Golden Gate 
and a winding drive up the oak-covered slopes of the enchanting 
isle, were welcomed by mine host and an advance guard of merry- 

Brother Perry keeps bachelor's hall on the very nose of the hill- 
island, and the view therefrom is most fascinating, taking in the bay 
cities and towns, mountain peaks, bays, coves with house-boats in 
them, and a moving panorama of sail and paddle-wheel. To say 
nothing of the uniforms of the guests, whose brass buttons and white 
stripes, by the way (or perhaps it was something else), made it quite 
necessary for us poor civilians to step down and out for the time be- 
ing, as far as the attention of the ladies were concerned, the scene 
was in other ways (|uite military. The house stands in plain view of 
the Presidio military reservation and F'orts Mason and Scott on the 
San Francisco side, the infantry barracks on Angel island, the torpedo 
station on Goat island (Verba Buena), the military prison and smooth- 
bore battery on Alcatraz island, and the mortar batteries, dynamite, 
disappearing and other modern guns scattered along both sides of the 
Gate, and composing the fortifications of the harbor. With all this 
equipment, however, there was nothing Spanish here for our tender- 
foot soldiers to contend against, except the pronunciation and mean- 
ing of the geographical names that appertain to this section of old 
Spanish America. 

Sight-seeing, siestas on the broad porches high overlooking the bay, 


quiet talks in the •spoonery,' and other things galore to do, made the 
banquet hour of (>:o() come all too scon. The table was set on the 
east veranda, and, like the house and grounds, was copiously adorned 
with flags, flowers, and lanterns. The conversaziones were interspersed 
with patriotic 'and other selections by the California male quartette 
and Mrs. Beatrice Priest Fine, and concluded with the inevitable 
toasts. During this period were read, amid great enthusiasm, the dis- 
patches in the evening papers announcing Shafler's victories of the 
day. One of our Kansas lieutenants also returned about the same 
time from a scouting expedition with a captured Spanish spy, who 
declined to be exchanged. In fact, it was remarked that if she had 
not been so young, she might have been Seckler. [When a pun comes 
all the way from the Pacific, why shouldn't it be far-fetched? — Kd.] 

Lieut. Glasgow toasted the seven times wounded Col. Funston, 
formerly of the Cuban army, but now chief of the Twentieth Kansas. 
Chaplain Williams did not care to give away the Phis of the Fifty- 
first Iowa, as he did not care to thereby lose the best part of the regi- 
ment. W^illiam Nat Friend, Oakland's elongated politician, toasted 
our host and master of ceremonies, who himself gave us many a yarn. 
Of our non-Phi guests. Lieutenant-colonel Carrington, of the Eighth 
California, sp>oke to 'The Regular Army,' and Colonel Currier, a 
civil war veteran, to 'The Volunteers of 'Gl.' Captain Clark and 
Lieutenants Seckler and Hearne also spoke. The dinner was over at 
10:30, and the party returned in steam launches to San Francisco. 

Beside the special guests, the following were present : Mr. and Mrs. 
E. M. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. E. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. P. T. Tompkins, 
Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Fine, Mrs. A. Tormey, MivSses Mary Tormey, 
May Tormey, May Weldon, Ada J. Young, Caroline Hawxhurst, Eda 
Blankart and Kierulff, Mr. C. O. Perry, Colonel J. C. Currier, Lieu- 
tenant-colonel F. de L. Carrington, Dr. G. W. Rodolph, Dr. W. U. 
Spencer, Assistant Attorney-general W. H. Anderson, Messrs. F. M. 
Parcells, C. Edw\ Holmes, E. Clarence Holmes, H. W. Stuart, G. G. 
Kenney, H. A. Boushey, W\ N. Friend, E. F. Goodyear and W. O. 

The following members of the Fraternity and. doubtless, others 
have been in camp at San Francisco at some time during the war : 
Twentieth Kansas— Col. Funston, Lieuts. Seckler, Glasgow and Ag- 
new ; Fifty-first Iowa- Capts. Clark and Williams. Lieuts. Fairchild, 
Mentzer. French and Hearne, Corporals Randall and Ilearne and Pri- 
vates Hicks and Hoober ; First Tennessee Major Barr ; Seventh Cali- 
fornia — Private Noland ; Tenth Pennsylvania — Capt. Hawkins, Ser- 
geant Eicher, Privates Ralston, Eicher and W^eirich : First Nebraska 
Capt. Oury, Lieuts. Weber and Russell, Sergeant-major Whedon ; As- 
tor Battery — Private N. C. Robbins. 

Of these, all the Kansas Phis save Col. Funston and all the Iowa Phis 
save Corporal Hearne were present at the reception, and we trust they 
will long remember July 1, 18t)8. 

In the Bond, 

WiixiAM O. Morgan. 

San Francisco, September 24, 18D8. 



Centre— T>r. H. P. Bosley, '47, died February 7, 1898, at 
Danville, Ky. 

Miami— ^^w J. T. Hendrick, D. D., '32, died March 10, 
1898, in Waco, Texas. 

Columbia — Dr. John Henry Blot, '94, died last spring at 
his home in New York, after a brief illness. 

Woosier—R^v. W. J. Boone, '84, of Caldwell, is the Pro- 
hibition nominee for congressman in Idaho. 

Fraiiklin — Robert A. Brown, '84, is the Republican can- 
date for reporter of the Indiana supreme court. 

Columbia — E. P. Callender, '88, was married in New 
York to Miss Theresa Beyer on April 14, 1898. 

Centre — J. C. S. Blackburn, '57, is said to have a * clear 
track ' for election as senator from Kentucky in 1900. 

Missouri — Dr. T. J. J. See, 'S9, has an article in the 
August Forum on ' The Future of Great Telescopes.' 

Vermont — \V. H. Merriam, '89, was last May graduated 
from the medical department of Western Reserve University. 

loiva—^, C. Young, '8(>, of Bathgate, N. D.. is Repub- 
lican candidate for judge of the supreme court of North 

Ohio ]VesliYa7i—^^\ . Walter F. Mair, '89, died at Pella, 
Iowa, on December 30, 1S97. He had been in failing health 
for some time. 

]^anderbilt — Walter B. Palmer, '80, was chosen in June as 
alumni orator for commencement, 1899, at his first alma 
mater ^ Emory. 

Indianapolis — Dr. John B. Long, '83, has been elected a 
member of the Indianapolis school board as the candidate of 
the opponents of the **ring." 

Indianapolis — Judge John W Hadley, '(5*>, is the nominee 
of Indiana Republicans for judge of the supreme court. 
He has been circuit judge since 18S.S. 


Gettysburg — Rev. C. W. Leitzell, '93, is pastor of the 
Lutheran church at Murphysboro, 111. He was elected sec- 
retary of the synod at its last meeting. 

Minnesota — James Gray, '8."), is Democratic candidate for 
mayor of Minneapolis. His election in a Republican city is 
counted probable, owing to his personal popularity. 

Washington and Jefferson — Aaron E. Reiber, '80, was 
married on May 18, 1808, to Miss Frances Florence Smith, 
at Butler, Pa., where Bro. Reiber is practicing law. 

Miami — Gen. Benjamin Harrison, '52, is leading counsel 
for the republic of Venezuela in the boundary dispute with 
the British Empire, to be settled by arbitration in January. 

Illiyiois Wesley an — W. J. Matthews, '96, died of typhoid 
fever, on July 21, 1898, at his home in Buffalo. 111. He had 
been engaged in the practice of law in Springfield scarcely 
a year. 

De Pauw — Frank A. Preston, '93, of the Indianapolis 
manual training school was one of the instructors in the 
summer school of the University of Indianapolis, this last 

California — Regent J. B. Reinstein. '73, has gone to 
Antwerp to arrange for the international competition of 
architects, who will submit designs for the Greater Uni- 
versity of California. 

Ohio Wesleyan — Arthur B. Murphy, '8), died of con- 
sumption at his home, near Bowling Green, Ohio, on June 
l"), 1898. He had been mayor of Bowling Green and prose- 
cuting attorney of the county. 

Vanderbilt — John T. Boddie, '89, will continue the busi- 
ness conducted by himself and his brother, the late M. M. 
Boddie, I'anderbilt, '80, in real estate, loans and invest- 
ments, at 140 Dearborn street, Chicago. 

Franklin — Gen. T. J. Morgan, '61, corresponding secre- 
tary of the American Baptist home missionary society, had 
a prominent place on the program of the national Y. P. S. 
C. E. convention last summer at Nashville. 

Indiana— Joseph M. Carlon, '95, died on July 2*J, 1S9S, 
of consumption, in Denver, Colo. He was a member of the 
real estate firm of Welch & Carlon, in Indianapolis, but had 
spent the past three years chiefly in travel for his health. 


Buchtel—n. W. Clark, '94, was married on May 18, 1898, 
to Miss Carrie Bell, Buchtel, 'i»5, at Buffalo, X. V. Bro. 
Clark has recently become associated with ex-Senator W. T. 
Clark in the law firm of Clark & Clark, at Cleveland, Ohio. 

Michigan — Armand R. Miller, '97, instructor in the man- 
ual training school of Kansas City, was married on June 20, 
1898, to Miss Pearl L. Colby, Michigau, '95, who has been 
teaching mathematics in the Englewood high school, Chi- 

Knox\' (^S — E. D. Adcock, enters Northwestern Law School 
this fall and will live at the Chicago chapter- house. Charles 
P. Raymond is in business with his father and grandfather, 
the firm name will probably soon be : D. C. Raymond, Son 
& Grandson. 

Buchtel — W. L. Snyder, '94, was married on May 18, 1898, 
to Miss Letitia Brown McCaughey, of Sioux City, Iowa, who 
is a niece of Bro. A. E. Stevenson, Centre, '00. Bro. Snyder 
is an attorney of Akron, Ohio, and secretary of the chamber 
of commerce there. 

Virginia — Dr. G. B. Thomas, '81, sometime editor of 
The Scroll, was graduated from the medical department of 
the University of Alabama last April and at once accepted a 
position as assistant in the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of the South. 

Michigan — Professor J. M. Schaeberle, '70, has resigned 
his position as astronomer at the Lick Observatory. The re- 
gents of the University of California have accepted the res- 
ignation, to take effect after one year, with leave of absence 
and salary for the year. 

Indiana — Hon. John W. Foster, 'oo, is a member of the 
joint high commission now meeting in Quebec to settle dif- 
ferences between Canada and the United States. At the 
outbreak of the war with Spain he acted as special counsel 
and adviser to the department of state. 

Cornell — R. E. Esterly, '81), was married on June 2, 1898, 
to Miss Blanche Corinne Curry at Wooster, Ohio. Miss 
Curry was a member of K A at Wooster. Bro. Esterly 
w^as initiated at Wooster, was graduated from Cornell and, 
later in law, from Minnesota. He is a member of N E 
and <l> A <l>. His home is in St. Paul, Minn., where he is 
connected with the Twin City Rapid Transit Co. 


Wabash — Gen. John C. Black, '62, department commander 
of the G. A. R. in Illinois, placed the winning candidate, 
James A. Sexton, in nomination at the recent national en- 
campment of the order in Cincinnati. His speech was de- 
scribed as 'forcible and eloquent' in the press reports. 

Chicago — C. C. Kohlsaat, '67, is a candidate for re-elec- 
tion as probate judge on the Republican ticket in Chicago, 
and Frederick A. Smith, '6(5, has been named by the same 
party for judge of the superior court. One of the candi- 
dates opposing Bro. Smith is Bro. W. P. Black, Wabash, '64. 

hidiajiapoUs — Robert A. Bull, '^>7, now in the Klondike, 
has written to friends that he will abandon the struggle and 
get home as best he can. Besides Bro. Bull, the following 
Phis have been reported in the Klondike : S. H. Gilbert, Wa- 
bash, '00 : A. W. Kierulff, California. 00 ; and A. B. Dodd, 
Purdue, '9:^>. 

Missouri — F. P. Divelbiss, '^1, was renominated without 
opposition in the primaries as Democratic candidate for 
prosecuting attorney of Hardin Co., Mo. D. B. Brady, 
Kansas, 'So, was nominated at the same time for clerk of the 
county court. Hardin county gives a normal Democratic 
majority of 2,000. 

Hanover — Dr. \V. D. Shelby, '0.")^ of Charlestown, Ind., 
who was graduated from the Hospital College of Medicine, 
at Louisv'ille, Ky., this year, took four of the seven prizes 
offered to the graduating class, which numbered 180 mem- 
bers. He represented his class on the toast list at the 
annual alumni banquet. 

Ohio Wesleyan — Prof. Charles S. Hoskinson, '89, was 
married on June 23, 1.S98, to Miss Carrie Grace Lee, of 
Zanesville, Ohio, daughter of Superintendent Lee of the 
Baltimore and Ohio. Bro. Hoskinson is assistant principal 
of the Zanesville high school and president of the eastern 
Ohio teachers' association. 

Columbia — Frank S. Hackett, '97, now a reporter on the 
New York Sun, has a profusely illustrated article on Colum- 
bia University in the September Metropolitan. He gives 
high praise to Bro. E. A. Darling, Cornell, '90, superinten- 
dent of buildings and grounds at Columbia, and to Bro. F. 
A. Goetze, Columbia, '97, his assistant. 


Dr. C. C. Albertson, Northwestern , '89, was one of the ofl5- 
ciating ministers, and Paul Weyand, '98, and C. F. Ross, 
*91 , were among the guests. It was a Phi wedding through- 

Allegheny — Rev, Arthur Staples, '94, a graduate of Drew 
Theological Seminary, is now president of Beaver College 
and Musical Institute, at Beaver, Pa. He was married on 
August 11, 1898, to Miss Phoebe Appleyard, of Jamestown, 
N. Y. The best man was Clarence Farrar, '95, andR. W. Dar- 
ragh, '98, and Earl Stillsou, '94, were two of the ushers. 

Purdue — Charles E. Howe, '90, chiief of the engineering 
department of the Wabash (Ind.) Bridge and Iron Works, 
was married on September 28, 1898, to Miss Mayme Atkin- 
son, at Wabash, Ind. Among the ' best men ' and ushers 
were Samuel Moore, Jr., Terrell E. Morse, Robert Miller, 
Oliver Leonard, Harry Culver, Warren E. Moore and Frank 
C. Lander, of the Purdue chapter. The bride, while a stu- 
dent at Butler, was a firm friend of Indiana Gamma, and 
has many Phi friends and well-wishers. 

Chicago — C. F. Stockey, '98, charter member when the 
chapter was revived, is no more. He has changed his local 
habitation and his name, and is now known as Charles Fran- 
cis Breed, secretary of the University of Colorado, at Boul- 
der. His father died when he was quite young, and he was 
reared by his uncle, Mr. D. B. Breed, whose name, it was 
understood, he should take some day. The day came most 
conveniently when he went from Illinois to Colorado, and 
the catalogue editor should take notice. In addition to his 
other work, Bro. Breed will continue the study of higher 
mathematics in the university. 

Ohio — E. H. Eves, '91, who has been engaged in newspa- 
per work in different cities for several years, is now on the 
staff of the Austin (Texas) Trihnne, a new daily which 
seems to be leading already the older papers of the capital 
An aeronaut in Austin recently called for a newspaperman, 
to accompany her in an ascension and parachute leap. Bro. 
Eves promptly volunteered and surprised all Austin by tak- 
ing the trip and making the plunge into the Colorado river 
without hesitation or accident. After he struck the w^ater 
he kicked off the entangling ropes and swam ashore without 
assistance. He was quite the hero of the hour, as this was, 
needless to say, his first experience in aerial athletics. 







The LTniversity of the South has established a charity 
hospital and free dispensary at Sewanee. 

Wooster has a new president, Rev. J. C. R. Ewing, D. D., 
late of India, a graduate of Washington and Jefferson in 

The trustees of Colby University have asked the Maine 
legislature to change the name of the institution to Colby 

The opening of the University of Mississippi will be de- 
layed indefinitely, on account of the prevalence of yellow 
fever at Oxford. 

Briggs Cunningham has presented the University of Cin- 
cinnati with $00,000 for an additional wing to the main 
building, corresponding to Hanna Hall. 

Of the five prizes awarded Episcopal college students in 
the annual competition this year, three went to Sewanee 
and two to Kenyon. Trinity, Hobart and St. Stephens took 
none. Sewanee took them all last year. 

It is getting to be felt more and more at Harvard that 
there should be scholarships, prizes, and fellowships open to 
competition by the well-to-do as well as the poor student. 
It was to satisfy partially this want that the John Harvard 
scholarships were founded, and the Ricardo fellowship is an- 
other step in this direction. 

President Kellogg of the University of California has re- 
signed. Among those spoken of as his successor are Presi- 
dents Jordan of Stanford, Finley of Knox, Hyde of Bow- 
doin, Theodore Roosevelt, Dr. Albert Shaw of the Review 
of Reviews, and Prof. James of Chicago. California has 
just received a gift of property valued at $2,250,000 from 
Miss Cora Jane Flood, the net income of which is to be de- 
voted to *some branch of commercial education. ' The fresh- 
man class numbers 377 this year, against 347 in 1897. 


Justice William Clark, of the North Carolina supreme 
court, who is also trustee of Trinity College, in that state, 
chides the college management for accepting a gift of 
$100,000 from James B. Duke — money made in the manu- 
facture and sale of the evil and deadly cigarette. He goes 
on to charge that the money is operating as a bribe to intro- 
duce into the college gold-standard teachings, which, to his 
mind, apparently, are as bad as the influences of the cigar- 
ette. It is stated that the Dukes and Colonel Carr have 
given $700,000 in all to Trinity. 

The board of trustees of Miami has decided to erect the 
east wing of the main building and to extend the west wing, 
making the main building 250 feet in length. The new 
gymnasium was completed last year. It is the headquarters 
for all athletics, amusements, the Y. M. C. A. and much of 
the social life of the students. The 75th anniversar3% next 
commencement, will be celebrated in an elaborate manner. 
Whitelaw Reid, who is to present his extensive private 
library to the university at that time, is commencement 
orator. Senator Brice will preside at the alumni dinner. 
Judge Samuel F. Hunt will read an historical paper. Bro. 
Harry Weidner, '«^9, is a member of the committee on ar- 

Col. Oliver H. Payne has given $1,500,000 to found a 
medical department of Cornell University in New York city. 
A year ago Col. Payne resigned from the council of the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York because the chancellor of 
the university had deprived the medical department of its 
privileges and property. The medical faculty resigned also 
and now becomes the faculty of the new school. A five- 
story building, *the most thoroughly and scientifically equip- 
ped building for its purpose in existence,' will be erected at 
once and will occupy the entire block bounded by First ave- 
nue and Twenty-seventh and Twenty eighth streets. All 
four years of the medical course may be taken in New York 
by men, or they may take the first two in Ithaca. Women 
are required to take the first two years in Ithaca (where a 
home is provided in Sage College) and the last two in New 

* K S has a new chapter at the Universit}' of Maine. 

A A 4> has bought a house at Bowdoin, and A K E one at 


K A will soon present Lieut. Hobson with a token of her 
appreciation of his worth. 

The * 13th biennial grand conclave' of K 2 meets in Chat- 
tanooga, December 28-31, 1S98. 

President Andrews, of Brown, who has been elected su- 
perintendent of schools at Chicago, is a member of A Y. 

K K r has withdrawn the charter of her Beta Beta chap- 
ter at St. Lawrence. B n, A T n and AAA have chapters 

A X P expects to have two new chapters this fall, and 
ATA has withdrawn from Alleghenv, says the Record oi 
2 A E. 

K A 0, K K r and II B 4> of Indiana will not bid a new 
girl till the second Tuesday of her second term at the uni- 

The editor of the Shield of A X, who was once bitterly 
opposed to the idea of a certificate of membership, now fa- 
vors it. 

B n has rented houses this year at Knox and Missouri. 
Her house at Missouri is one that 2 A E was occupying at the 
close of the last college year. 

The editor of the K A Journal says that the auti-0 N E 
laws are not being observed by at least one chapter, and 
gives warning that strict obedience will be required. 

Judge Augustus Van Wyck, Democratic nominee for gov- 
ernor of New York, is a member of Z ^P, from the North 
Carolina chapter. 

'0 N E, by mutual consent of its members, has been dis- 
solved and is no longer in college/ — Hampden-vSidney cor- 
respondent of 2 X Quarterly. 

Walter Rosser, the Tennessee soldier who killed a man at 
San Francisco, and who told the newspapers he was a mem- 
ber of 2 N, is said bv the Daily California)! to be a member 
of K S. 

2 .A. E, X ^ and K A lose a chapter each through the 
abolition of fraternities by the trustees of Furman Uni- 
versity. 2 A E makes good this loss by reviving the Cor- 
nell chapter. 


B n's only chapter house in the south is one rented at 
Missouri, but the chapters at Texas, Cumberland, Vander- 
bilt, Westminster, Johns Hopkins and Virginia are accumu- 
lating building funds. 

K 2 entered the University of Wisconsin in June with 
eight charter members. They have rented a house at $720 
a year, though but half the chapter is expected to return 
this fall. They are said to have secured good men. 

On August 25 the Populists of Floyd county, Indiana, 
after nominating a county ticket, passed resolutions indors- 
ing Richard [sic] Hobson as presidential candidate in 1000. 
Lieut. Hobson was not born until 1870, but perhaps they 
intend to amend the constitution. 

The war excitement has injured the sales of Baird's 
American College Fraternities^ we hear. This should not be. 
Chapters need as badly as ever to be better posted. Send 
two dollars to W. R. Baird, 271 Broadway, New York City, 
for a copy at once — then study it. 

The Ohio Wesleyan chapter of 2 X has initiated a man 
whose 'natural genius finds its home in impersonation; and 
the various characters whose similitudes are reproduced by 
his skill, are standards and a resource for subsequent aspi- 
rants.' In other words, he is an assistant professor of ora- 

Sylvester Scovel, the yellow-newspaper man who slapped 
General Shafter at Santiago, was a member of the class of 
'91 at Michigan. The fraternities began to rush him in his 
freshman year, but he insisted on doing all the entertaining, 
mostly by talking about himself, and so remained a bar- 
barian to the end. 

The newspapers call the recent council of <I> B K * trien- 
nial,' though we had inferred from the new Baird that these 
meetings were annual. The council met at Saratoga, Sep- 
tember 9, 1<S98. It was decided to charter only those insti- 
tutions wliich give the A. B degree in course. The follow- 
ing chapters were chartered : Boston, California, Chicago, 
Harvard, Princeton, St. Lawrence, Vassar, Wabash, Wis- 
consin and Cincinnati. The chapter at California is the first 
on the Pacific coast, that at Vassar the first in a women's 
college, the one at Princeton the first in an anti- fraternity 
institution. The Cincinnati chapter, with the one at Johns 
Hopkins, is nearest the latitude of the parent chapter at 
William and Mary. 4> B K now has oO chapters. 


Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, whose name is often cited in 
discussing the subject of double fraternity membership, 
seems to cleave more closely to A ^ than to A K E, if one may 
judge from the fact that he wears the badge of the former 
as a watch charm. At least, he does so in the picture of 
him that appeared in the Literary Digest recently. 

Fifty years ago a man usually wore his fraternity pin in 
his cravat. As time wore on, the pin advanced to the lapel 
of the coat, then fraternity conservatism dictated that it was 
ill-mannered to display it upon any place but the waistcoat. 
The best authorities upon the subject recognize that it is 
only proper to wear the pin as near the heart as possible. — 
Phi Gavima Delta Quarterly, 

The June Shield of A X quotes over five pages from 
*an admirable article on a practical fraternity catalogue,' 
written by Brother W. B. Palmer and published in the 
April Scroll. The editor states that as early as 1890 he 
' wrote extensively ' to call attention to the fact that * fra- 
ternity catalogues were too large and expensive,' and that 
* a simple list of names and correct addresses ' was sufficient. 
The 1891 and 1894 catalogues of © A X, compiled by the 
editor of the Shield, are books of this character. 

At the Omaha exposition Knox College has a 'day,' and 
so has the P. E. O. sorority. August •>! was Greek-letter 
day. Most of the Greeks present then were Nebraska stu- 
dents, chiefly members of <I> A 0, 4> K ^, :i A E, A r and K 
K r. The last named society had just closed its national 
convention at Lincoln, and came over by special train. In 
the evening the Kappas were given a reception by the Phis 
at the Japanese tea-garden, which was reserved for the oc- 
casion and appropriately decorated with Kappa colors. 

The semi-centennial convention of 4> F A will hold but 
one day's session in Washington Pa., proceeding on the 
evening of October 14 to Pittsburgh, where the convention 
proper meets. The sessions include Sunday, October 10, 
when the delegates expect to hear a sermon from some 
prominent visiting Fiji clergyman. 4> r A was not founded 
at Washington, but at Canonsburg, in JeflFerson College, 
which was later united with Washington College, in the 
town of that name. Nor is October 14 the anniversary 
day, as the first meeting is said to have been held in May, 


*The attendance at the [Illinois] Wesley an seems to grow 
less and less. Great things are hoped for in the advent of 
Dr. Smith, but should they not be realized and the attend- 
ance continue on the decline, frankly, we see no hope for 
its long life. The Sigs have done no aggressive work. 
There is a woeful lack of material, and while we who are 
inside the veil have kept our lamps trimmed and brightly 
burning before the shrine of the White Cross, we have not 
been able to add new and worthy knights to our retinue.' — 
Illinois Wesleyan correspondent in ^ X Quarterly, 

Of the men whom the war with Spain has brought to the 
front, the following Greeks may be mentioned in addition 
to those noted in former issues: Major general E. S. Otis, 
A ^; Brigadier-general J. Warren Keifer, 4> K ^; Brigndier- 
general Charles King, A 4>: Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, 
A A 4>; Secretar^^ of the Navy John D. Long, A K E-. As- 
sistant Secretary of the Navy Charles H. Allen, X ^\ Ser- 
geant Hamilton Fish, Jr., A ^ (of the Rough Riders): 
John T. McCutcheon, i X (correspondent of the Chicago 
Record, with Admiral Dewey at the battle of Manila ) ; 
Stephen Crane, correspondent at Santiago, A Y. The last 
Baird credits Fitzhugh Lee to ^ Y, but his name is not in 
the last edition of their catalogue : he ma}' have been elect- 
ed with the Wisconsin chapter! 

In this year of semi-centennial celebrations, it ma}' be in- 
teresting to recall B ITs celebration in 1S89. The date 
of B ll's founding has been fixed approximately as July 
4, 1S39. On June 19, at Miami's commencement, a re- 
union was held at Oxford. Of the ^\^ living founders, two, 
Knox and Marshall, were present. There were an address 
of welcome, a response, talks by the two founders, two other 
short speeches and reading of letters of regret. The ban- 
quet in the evening, served by a Cincinnati caterer, was at- 
tended by loO, including ladies and the Miami faculty. The 
'fiftieth' annual convention was held later at Wooglin. 

The three semi-centennial conventions held in 189>^ are: 
A X, at New York, N. Y., in February; <I> r A, at Wash- 
ington (Pa.) and Pittsburgh, in October: 4> A 0,at Colum- 
bus. Ohio, in November. 

According to 'American College Fraternities,' the institu- 
tions at present supporting but one general men's fraternity 
each are as follows : Bethany College, West Virginia, B © IT, 
1801 : Central College, Missouri, 2 N, 1892 ; Lake Forest 


University » Illinois, K 2, l^^O ; Muhknleig Cdlege, Penn- 
sylvania, A T n, 1881 : Missouri Valley College, Marshall, 
Mo., 2 N, 1801 ; North Georgia Agricultural College, 2 N, 
1881 ; New Hampshire College of Agriculture, Q. T. V., 
1881 ; North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic 
Arts, 2 N, 1896 ; St. Stephens College, New York, 2 A E, 
180.-) ; Simpson College, Iowa, 2 A E, 1889 ; University of 
Southern California, 2 X, 1889 ; University of Washington, 
2 N, 189(). To these may be added : Armour Institute, 
Chicago. <I> K 2, 1898; College of Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, A T 12, 1889 ( revived 189S ). K 2 withdrew last spring 
from U. S. Grant University, Tennessee, where it had been 
playing solitaire. 

After the form containing editorials had gone to press, we 
received a copy of the 2 A E Record for September, in which 
several pages are devoted to discussion of a matter which 
received editorial notice in the April Scroll. Inasmuch as 
the editor of the Record no longer asserts that he has ' lost 
what respect he had for the prosperity and influence of the 
Phi Delta Theta and her members,' and since he now 'fully 
believes' that lifting is contrary to the polic}^ of our Frater- 
nity, and seems to admit that the Northwestern chapter, as 
such, made no attempt at lifting, we content ourselves with 
declining to believe that the evidence shows any such* at- 
tempt to have been made by individuals, and with condemn- 
ing lifting and attempts to lift, whether made now or twenty 
3-ears ago, by individuals, chapters or fraternities, by 2 A E 
or 4> A 0. There can be nothing gained by prolonging this 
'unpleasantness.' As far as our so called 'slurs' and insin- 
uations' go. if they do not worry the editor of the Record 
or his correspondent any more than theirs worry us, it is 
not worth while to refer to them. We take pleasure, how- 
ever, in stating that 2 A E saw the error of her way in the 
matter of electing honorary members four years ago, and 
ceased the practice. As we were not so fortunate as to pos- 
sess a copy of the Record for June, 1897, we were until now 
unaware of the fact. We have no reason to doubt or re- 
tract any other statement made on this subject in the April 

In the nine years beginning with ISDQ, K 2 has broken all 
records in extension of college fraternities, not only during 
the present decade, but during all previous decades. In that 
period, K 2 has added 30 new chapters, 2 of which, how- 
ever, have since died. 2 N and 2 A E run close together for 


second place, the former having added 25 new chapters 
(7 dead), and the latter 24. ATI) and Soiuheru K A 
are next in order, the former having added 16 (4 dead), 
and the latter 14 (1 dead). Next come 2 X, 11 : n K A, 11 
(3 dead); A T A, 11 (I dead); <I> r A, 10 (1 dead); <I> K 2, 
9 (3 dead): B n, 7 ; 4> K 4*, H , 4> A 0, G ; A Y, 5 ; 4> 2 K, 
5 ; A X, T) ( 1 dead); 4><I> 4>, T) (1 dead): A A <I>, 4 ; X *, 
4 ; 4* Y, 3 ; A K E, 3 ; A X P, 3 ; M 11 A, 3 : Northern K A, 
2 ; 2 *, 1 ; Z ^, 1 ; A *, I ; X ^, 1 : A 4*, none. 

Here are 22() new chapters established since the beginning 
of 1S90, including (> organized by <I> A 0, A T A, 4> K 2, K 2 
and II K A since 'American College Fraternities' was issued 
last spring. This does not include re-established chapters, 
which number perhaps a third as many. Of these 224 new 
chapters, 24, or 10 per cent,, have died already, leaving 202 
active chapters less than nine years old. The total number of 
chapters of all fraternities established from 1825 to 1898 in- 
clusive and still in active existence is 78(), and the number 
established 1890 to 1898 inclusive being 202, is 26 per cent, 
of the whole number. In other words, 584 chapters still 
existing were established in the 6() years from 1825 to 1889 
inclusive, and 202 chapters still existing in the 9 years from 
1S90 to 1S9S inclusive. 

The most noticeable thing about this compilation of figures 
is the prominent part played in the extension by the south- 
ern fraternities. Yet even what are considered very con- 
servative fraternities have extended, and A 4* is the only 
fraternity that has not established a chapter during the last 
nine j-ears, its last chapter having been organized in 1889. 
Speaking of extension, it is somewhat singular that the only 
fraternities now established in Canada are K A, Z 4* and A A 
<I>. The chapter of <I> K S, organized at the University of 
Toronto in 1S95 died in 1898. In the foregoing compilation 
the sororities and the professional fraternities are not con- 

The * fifty- ninth annual convention ' of B II was held at 
the Grand Hotel, Cincinnati, July 19-22. Applications for 
charters were considered, but none, it seems, were granted. 
Withdrawal of charters was discussed, but all chapters were 
undisturbed. The subject of withdrawing charters has been 
both advocated and opposed in the Beta Thcta Pi for fifteen 
years, but at every convention the hand of the ruthless 
* chapter killer ' has been stayed by his more humane broth- 
ers. The convention is said to have ' decided very emphat- 
ically ' that no Beta should be permitted to unite with the 


sophomore society N E. The adoption of a standard and 
uniform badge was debated, but no decision in the matter 
appears to have been reached. The report of the general 
treasurer, Prof, C. L. Thornburg, of Lehigh University, 
showed a large balance to the credit of the fraternity. On 
recommendation of the general treasurer, Prof. J. Cal. 
Hanna, of Columbus, Ohio, the convention passed an appro- 
priation for making a card-catalogue, to classify the entire 
membership of the fraternity, which numbers 10,577. 
Press reports of the convention contain no announcement 
about the very elaborate B n catalogue which Prof. Hanna 
has been compiling for ten years, the printing of which was 
begun four years ago, and which the Beta Theia Pi early 
this year hoped would be completed by the convention in 
July. The convention decided to erect at Miami Uuiverity 
a suitable memorial to John Reily Knox, Esq., who was one 
of those who founded B n there in 1889. The names of 
all the founders will be inscribed on a tablet, beneath a bust 
of Mr. Knox, who died this year. The memorial will cost 
not less than $1,000. Telegraphic greetings were received 
from Beta soldiers at Chickamauga and Ft. Sheridan, Chi- 
cago. The following is clipped from the Cincinnati Cofti- 
inercial'Gazeiie : 

Challen Ellis, of Beta Theta Pi, at the Grand, told this interesting 
bit of fraternity gossip yesterday : 

• Fred A. Simmons, of Brown University, was so popular with the 
members of his chapter that he was elected a delegate to the Cincin- 
nati convention. At the time of his election he was a member of a 
military organization of Massachusetts, and when war was declared 
left with his company for the front. At the attack on Caney he was 
wounded in the knee, and for a time it was believed he could not re- 
cover. But his strong constitution, j'outh and pluck carried him safelj' 
beyond the danger point, and he was sent to Ft. Thomas, where he 
arrived Just two days before the opening of the Beta Theta Pi conven- 
tion. The other day, when it was desired that a vote should be cast 
by every chapter, a representative of the Betas was sent to Ft. Thomas 
and took the vote of Brown cast by Simmons. Yesterday the conven- 
tion, by unanimous vote, tendered him its greetings and regular Beta 
Theta I*i good wishes for his speedy recovery.' 

In spite of his excellent report. Prof. Thornburg was de- 
feated for re-election as general treasurer by Mr. F. H. Sis- 
son, of Cincinnati. The term is for three years, and Prof. 
Thornburg has held the office twelve years successively. A 
news report to the Pittsburgh Dispatch says that there was 
*a protracted fight over the election.' The vote was 32 to 
31. In B © n conventions alumni chapters and general of- 
ficers do not have votes. As there are just r>2 active college 


chapters, it seems that there was an equa) division among the 
delegates, one candidate sending over in Kentucky for the 
wounded soldier's vote, and the presiding officer voting to 
break the tie, all of which indicates that there is perhaps 
some fraternity politics in Beta convention elections, a charge 
like this against 4> A having been made in the Beta Theta 
Pi in former years. Prof. Thornburg was elected one of the 
board of trustees for Mr. Sisson's unexpired term, and Mr. 
C. J. McDiarmid, of Cincinnati, for the full term. The 
social features of the convention included a dance at the 
Zoological Garden, an evening trip to the ' Lagoon,' and a 
banquet at the Grand Hotel. A poem by Mr. W. O. Robb, 
of New York City, was read by him at the banquet, Cin- 
cinnati dailies state that the Betas, ' 150 strong,' had a group 
photograph taken before the city hall, '200 couples' were 
present at the dance, and ' over 200 ' Betas were seated at 
the banquet. A large B II flag was presented by Cincin- 
nati Betas for display at national conventions. Lake Min- 
netonka, Minn. , was recommended as a suitable place for the 
next convention, but the place will be determined upon next 
year by the board of trustees, which will be guided by the 
best railway rates and facilities offered. The convention 
may go east. 

The Beta Theta Pi for April was largely a memorial number 
devoted to John Reily Knox, founder of B n, whose death 
was announced in the February vScROLL. He was born in 
Butler county, Ohio, May 20, 1820, and died at his home at 
Greenville, Ohio, February 7, ISOS. He was graduated in 
the class of '39 at Miami, and was a member of the board of 
trustees of the university since 18()0. He was a lawyer by 
profession. In ISiiO he was a Republican presidential elector. 
The Beta Theta /^/reproduces a letter written by him in 1843, 
in which he said : 

It was during the winter of 18.'>.S-o*,Hhat the idea of forming a secret 
association first suggested itself to my mind. I saw that there were 
many advantages in such an association which could not otherwise be 
enjoyed. Such combinations of individuals are as old as the wants of 
man, and coeval with the growth of literature. The motto of our own 
society, 'Firman consensus facit,^ is but an embodiment of the expe- 
rience of man in all ages and nations In some of these socie- 
ties, however, were to be found many objectionable features, which 
rendered them liable to be used as engines of evil, as well as instru- 
ments of good. Some of these were to be found in the Alpha Delta 
Phi society, as it was organized at Miami University, and I imagined 
that an association might be formed which would embrace the good 
without the ingredient of evil. My attention was drawn more forcibly 


to this by the dissensions then existing in the Union Hall, which I 
conceived originated in the Alpha society. In some of our conversa- 
tions on the subject, Taylor Marshall suggested the idea of building 
up a society which might unite the benefits without the disadvantages 
of the Alphas. I told him I had thought of it, but was afraid we could 
not succeed. But if you know Marshall, I need not tell you that he is 
one of the most sanguine men in existence. The idea once started, 
he would not give it up until I set to work. 

In the first place, I got the Greek lexicon, and turned it over several 
times in search of a name. The present one was finally selected. Then 
came the badge. This was more difficult than the other. You have 
seen the first pins that were struck. In place of the crescent, we first 
agreed on 'clasped hands,' but this Taylor had altered when he went 
to the city to procure the pins. However, the badge has been changed 
for the better, I hope. I have never seen the new one. We then went 
to work on the constitution. You have seen the draught as it was 
originally presented. On that I spent my leisure time for a week or 
more, and many were the long consultations which Taylor and I held 
over that; night after night up in ' the old wing,' we revised and re- 
revised, until we got it to our satisfaction, though necessarily imper- 
fect, for it was altogether an experiment with me, as I had nothing to 
go by but imagination, and I believe Taylor was equally inexperienced. 

The Beta Theta /'/also publishes 'Recollections of 1839,' 
written by Mr. Knox for the thirty-fifth ( 187')?) conven- 
tion of B n. In this paper he said no records were kept 
of the first meetings of the society. The first meeting was 
held in 'the old wing* at Miami, which has since been de- 
molished, and 'many a pleasant and profitable meeting' was 
held during the spring of 18:>9 and up to commencement in 
August, 1831K He further said: 

It was then in January, 18.'U>, when 1 was in my senior year at Miami 
University, that the idea first occurred to me of the organization of 
the society. Circumstances had made me somewhat prominent in a 
rather bitter fight in the literary association of which I was a member, 
against the society of the Alpha Delta Phi, in which, though success- 
ful, I had learned to admire the compact organization and the esprit 
(Je corps of its members. About the same time, too, I came across an 
old book, no copy of which I have since seen, and the name of which 
I have forgotten, giving an account of some of the secret organizations 
of the middle ages. Their knightly vows and pledges were given, with 
some curious sketches of their inside working and their secret history; 
and I was, I might almost say, of course, very much interested in 
these ancient biOtherhoods. 

Being, as I have said, already impressed with the force that lies in 
compact organization, an idea that had been a subject of conversation 
between two or three of us grew on me, and I went to sketching out a 
plan -the constitution and obligations for a new society. While en- 
gaged in doing this, I had repeated conferences with the gentleman 
whose name stands second on the roll, S. T. Marshall, now of Iowa. 
He was considerably my senior, anxious that something of the kind 
should be got up, and urged on the enterprise. The selection of the 
name being considered an important matter, several combinations were 
canvassed. Greek it must be, of course, and while desiring mainly 


that there should be significance in either the motto or the independ- 
ent words adopted, we preferred that finally selected, as being not 
only pleasant to the ear, but reasonably significant of the objects of 
the infant society. 

The leading motive of- uniting a few choice spirits in closer bonds 
for improvement in literary exercises and the cultivation of social life, 
but chiefly the latter, was probably the principal raison iVctrc of the 
new organization^ Mutual support and assistance, absolute faith and 
confidence in each other, and progress in knowledge and scholarship, 
were the fundamental ideas on which we built. With a view to the 
cultivation of intimate social relations, it was, for instance, originally 
provided that no more than nine members should be at one time in 
attendance at the same college; and, as an illustration of the closeness 
of the tie which was to bind us, the original obligation taken by the 
neophyte pledged him to his brothers in the order, that * their friends 
should be his friends, and their enemies his enemies.' 

But at a very early day, the introduction of a more Christian element 
into the organization led to a modification of this rather heathenish 
provision. The number nine, too, was soon dropped, leaving the or- 
der free to select good fellows wherever and in whatever number it 
might find them, and the three stars were no longer indicative of the 
limited membership (as the root of the mysterious nine), but simply 
remained as the heavenly representatives of the three words of the 

The editor of the Beta Theta Pi, concluding an editorial 
about * Pater Knox,' says: 

It is well to realize from what small beginnings this edifice grew, 
and not to forget, in our pride at its strength and noble proportions, 
the simple but eternal principles of friendship and fidelity upon which 
it is reared. Our undergraduate brothers should realize that success 
did not come in a day; that it was by hard, slow, patient work that 
the fraternity to-day was made what it is. Think of it, you boys who 
have the names of famous alumni to conjure with, who have all the 
aids of handsome houses, enthusiastic alumni, plenty of printed mat- 
ter to guide, and an efficient administrative system to lean upon, what 
it meant to guide the affairs of this fraternity before the war, when not 
only were all these aids to progress absent, but when the faculties 
were hostile, when membership in a secret society was a crime to be 
visited by the punishment of expulsion when discovered, and where 
any measure of assured public success invited at once the temptation 
of disloyalty to supposedly stronger organizations. 

Yet these times produced men. The catalogue of IHoo contains less 
than 7(X) names, but among them are the names of those who have 
molded the destinies of the central western states. We have reason 
to be proud of our brothers who learned lessons of fidelity and faith in 
becoming and remaining Betas. We are afraid many of the brothers 
of to-day, under easier conditions, will fall far short of the stature of 
the men who nourished B B II in its infancy. 

A similar observation might be made regarding the ante- 
bellum members of 4> A 0. Our catalogue of 1S60 contains 
the names of only 292 members, but among them were a 
large proportion of those distinguished alumni to whom we 
now point with greatest pride, and not a few of whom 
have achieved national reputations. 



The Sewanee chapter very much desires No. 5 of Vol. 
IX. of The Scroll, to complete a file. Address the re- 

* * * * 

The date of the charter of the Cincinnati chapter is June 
18, 1898. A Greek name will be given it by the next con- 

* * 5fC * 

Convention headquarters will be at the Chittenden. Rail- 
road rates will be one fare and a third for the round trip, on 
the certificate plan. 

'K 'K •?» ♦!* 

The index to Volume XXII. accompanies this number. 
It should be taken out and placed in one of the numbers of 
last year, to be used when the volume is bound. 

* i{c * * 

We regret very much that full reports of the military re- 
unions at Chickamauga were received too late for insertion. 
The same thing is true of many chapter letters. 

'F "I* 'i^ 't* 

The Nashville American reports the 'last dance of the sea- 
son' at the Phi chapter house, on June 1'), in honor of Miss 
Louise Lindsley, who had been in school in the East for a 

n^ 'T' n^ 'f* 

Chapters will please send at once to the editor name and 
correct address of reporter, if any change is to be made in 
the directory, as well as of all delegates to the Columbus 

•!• H* 'n 'i' 

Chapter treasurers should give their first attention to de- 
linquent dues, that their delegates may enjoy the privileges 
of the convention. There is no better time to make collec- 
tions than October. 

*^ «L« *^A «*' 

*T* *!* 'T* *■•" 

The editor desires to acknowledge the receipt of a num- 
ber of commencement and other programs and invitations, 
menu cards and favors of a similar nature. Lack of space 
will not allow detailed mention, but he is grateful and hopes 
for more. 


The new California house is a great acquisition ; we had 
hoped to have a picture and full description for this issue. 
A house-warming was given on September 17, the smoking 
room (dubbed 'sack-cloth and ashes' ) having already been 
informally dedicated . 

* * * * 

Bro. W. R. Brown, S. G. C, wishes the following num- 
bers of The Scroll: Vol. II., Nos. 1,3; Vol. III., Nos. 
1, 2; Vol. IV., No. 2; Vol. V., No. 1; Vol. VI., Nos. 1-3, 
5, 9 ; Vol. VII., No. 2 ; Vol. VIII., No. o ; Vol. IX., No. 
1 ; Vol. XII., Nos. 7-9; Vol. XIII., Nos. 7, 8. 

* * * * 

Bro. W. A. Speer, Vanderbilt , '<S8, denounces himself as 
the Greek vandal who scratched the letters ' 4> A ' on the 
rock in Mammoth cave, of which we gave a picture in the 
April Scroll. Bro. Speer accompanied Bros. Randolph 
and Palmer when they founded the 4> A cairn. He will 
be remembered with pleasure by all who attended the At- 
lanta convention. 

* * * * 

In the Macon (Ga.) carnival, to be held this month, the 
queen is Miss Martha Johnston, sister of Bro. Richard John- 
ston, Mercer, '93, and the king, Bro. Prentiss HufiF, '93. 
There were five nominees for the latter honor, and three of 
them were Phis. The Phis of Mercer and Macon are natur- 
ally very proud and happy in consequence. Anyone who 
has attended the carnivals in southern cities will appreciate 
the high social honor involved in these selections. 

* * * * 

Among Phi journalists this year we note Bro. Duncan 
McDuffie, business manager of the Daily Cali/ornian (Bro. 
Creed was editor-in-chief last year); Bro. T. H. Blodgett, 
editor-in-chief of the Knox Student (Bro. Lewis was editor- 
in-chief last year), with four other Phis on his staff ; Bro. 
T. H. Sheldon, editor-in-chief and business manager of the 
O. U, Mirror-, T. S. Parrott, managing editor of the -S'^'- 
vanee Pmple (with Bro. Jemison as assistant business man- 
ager); Jesse Mc. F. Beck, editor-in-chief of the Iowa Wes- 
leyan (with two Phis on his staff); Guy P. Conger, busi- 
ness-manager of the Lombard Review (as Bro. Allen was 
last year); and Robert W. Hobbs, editor-in-chief of the 
Butler Collej^ian. 

^ 'fj * * 

On account of losses by enlistments, or for some other 
reason, the mctnb?rsliip of our chapters everywhere .seems 


somewhat reduced this fall. This has ample compensatioti, 
however, in the fact that rushing is harder than usual, and 
larger delegations are being swung. Washington and Lee 
seemed the only weak point in the line of battle, but Bro. 
Campbell writes that he has pledged one man and expects to 
get at least two more. Northwestern has the strongest chapter 
in years; Virginia was never in better condition ; Missouri is 
as strong as ever, despite all her losses by the war. The 
victories of the rushing campaign will be reported fully in 
December, Reftorlers should mail lelkrs for thai issue so as 
lo reach the editor on or before November 1 , or they can not be 
used. The December ScHOLL may be expected about Novem- 
ber /J. 

* * * * 

Bro. Frank J. R, Mitchell has an array of ancestors any 

one might envy him. He is three or four times over a Son 

of the Revolution, though descended from a titled English 

family ; one of his ancestors was a colonel in the Revolution, 

and his father was an 

ofificer in the civil war. 

He is a native of Paris , 

111., where he was 

boru in 1.S72. 

Brother Mitchell 
was graduated in 
181)1, with first hon- 
, from the Paris 
I high school, tn 18512 
entered North- 
I western, being grad- 
I uated there iu 1 S9ti. 
was manager of 
star eleven of 
1805, of the nine of 
ISlHi, of the glee. 
banjo and mandolin 
clubs iu 181i."> and 
I8'.)f;-!I7. In the con- 
duct of all these or- 
ganizations, his busi- 
ness ability was 
everywhere recog- 
nized. Brother 
Mitchell is a member of ® N E, and of the senior fraternity 
Deru. In his senior year he represented Illinois Alpha at 


the Zeta province convention in Galesburg. He represented 
the Chicago alumni at the last national convention. 

He entered the Northwestern law school (formerly Union 
College of Law) in 189<>, At the recent commencement of 
the university at the Auditorium, June 16, he was awarded 
the prize of a complete set of the ' Lawyer's Reports Anno- 
tated ' (40 volumes ; value $200); for the best thesis on the 
subject : The Commerce Clause of the Federal Constitution 
as Affected by the Police Power of the States. Brother 
Mitchell will be one of the law school debating team this 
fall against the college of the liberal arts. He is a member 
of the law fraternity A X. 

At present he is chief clerk with the firm of Remy (Indi- 
ana Gamma) and Mann, of Chicago. He has contributed 
a number of articles to legal periodicals. 

It is only justice to say that Brother Mitchell is one of the 
ablest men ever graduated from Northwestern. He is a rep- 
resentative college man, and is snre to make his mark. 

Established 1849. 




W«» liav(> V)0(»n originators ami loa(lt»rs in fratornity jew- 
elry for years, ami <«x|M»ri<Mirc lias tauclit us th«» w.'int.sof 
sttnlctits. Wait till you soo our poods. You will not be 

Our ha<ltrrs an' th<' correct slia|>o — this is inifHirtant. 
The j«»\v«'ls used aro the In-st that can Ix^ had we pay for 
lM»tter trcMxis than other makers. The worknianshiji is un- 
e()ualled — we've been makiiit; jewt^lry since '4l>. 


Order Sampta for Inspect i oh 

I N r, R E A T V A R I E T Y'X^ion. 

Mention The Scroll. 




DECEMBER, 1898. 

No, 2. 


The task of compiling a fraternity catalogue is in no sense 
an agreeable one. The details of the work are not of the 
sort that the mind of a young man, after the fatigue of a 
day in school or the cares and duties of the office, would 
naturally turn to for amusement. The biographies of 8,(HK) 
college men, if their adventures, their mistakes, their short- 
oomings, their amours were reviewed, would no doubt be 
diverting. But when each individual is invited to put down 
in answer to some thirty questions, the most complimentary 
things he can say of himself with decency or complacency, 
as the case may be, the result is usually unedifying. When 
the editor turns over some S,000 circulars and wonders how he 
can boil them down to the average of two or three Hues for 
each biography, the prospect before him is not inviting. If, 
however, one have a goo<l fellow for co-editor, a fellow who 
says good things and always appreciates the idiosyncrasies 
of one's own mind, the labor may be lightened with many a 
jest at the expense of the biographee. This paper will re- 
count some few incidents occurring in the course of the 
making of the sixth edition of Phi Delta Thcta's catalogue, 
that are not in the book but that served from time to time 
to amuse or interest its editors and the small coterie of Phis 
who really knew something about that wonderful work. 

One of the first and best sources of information that a 
catalogue editor can rely upon is the postmaster. An in- 
quiry addressed to him will nearly always be an.swered fully 
and promptly, and his services are invaluable in tracing up 
lost members, ascertaining the relatives of those deceased, 
and even in procuring full names of the careless. But it is 
astonishing how ignorant some postmasters are. An inquiry 
was sent to one at W , Illinois, asking tlie present where- 
abouts of a certain Phi. Here is his answer verbatini et 

Dear Sir You probly think by this time that I was not agowin to 


answer your letter I hav bin Enquiring of Eevery one here to learn if 
they new eney thing of such a man and I can not find eney one that 

nose eney thing of him but a Mr. L H T he tliinks thar was a man 

here some .'50 years ago but cant tell whare he is nor whare he went to. 

Truly Yours 

H. H. M , P. M. 

The only definite conclusion to be drawn from this com- 
munication was that there had in all probability been a man 
there, but whether or not he was even of the same name as 
the man sought, does not appear. * Whare he is nor whare 
he went to' was a catch word with the editors for many days 
and served its turn in a hundred pursuits of the history and 
whereabouts of wandering Phis. 

Here is another from a different locality: 

S S , Virginia 

Dear vSir 

Mr. Swope I dont know Any one of that name around her I in- 
quired around town and did not get any reference only there was 
some darkeys in town said there was a darkey down at the Springs 
last summer that worked-out in the country from Ky Bourbrarn Co 
But thev Said they dident know his name your Resp. 

John Willis S . 

Notwithstanding the perennial report that Phi Delta Theta 
has a negro chapter at some unlocated point in the south, 
we were not looking for a darkey that time. It is astonish- 
ing, too, how that word Bourbon pops into the mind when 
anything is said about Kentucky. 

Most postmasters showed a willingness to help and an in- 
terest in our inquiries, that were a constant source of sur- 
prise. Occasionally, however, several successive requests 
for information were ignored. In one instance where the 
only possible source of information seemed to be in a small 
town in Colorado, and the postmaster would not reply, a 
polite letter was written in which it was suggested that the 
facts wanted were for the historical purposes of a society of 
which the then President of the United States was a member. 
The return mail brought an answer. Perhaps this was tak- 
ing an unfair advantage, but when a man has worried over 
an apparently hopeless case for two or three years, his con- 
science becomes blunted to the righteousness of his methods. 

A certain Phi having been lost, it was learned that he had 
matriculated from (ireenbrier county, Va. An inquiry was 
directed to six of the principal post offices in that county, 
and each of the postmasters responded within a week, giv- 
ing the correct address in another county. All honor to the 
postmasters. They may not spell correctly, they may be 


politicians, they may be haughty and distant to their patrons, 
but scattered far and wide they proved the best friends of 
the editors of the last Phi catalogue. 

A conscientious catalogue editor, in addition to another 
trait or two, must be ingenious and original. Methods that 
will fit one case will not do at all in . another. One of the 
moBt loyal and indefatigable Phis I ever knew proved an in- 
valuable assistant to the editors ; but he had absolutely no 
originality. He had to be told in every instance the most 
probable way to find a lost one. In many cases the police 
were requested to assist, and I do not recall a single refusal. 
The chief of police at Minneapolis went to much trouble to 
help with a hopelessly lost Phi. Unfortunately, however, 
he is one of the fourteen that are still missing. 

In one case I had the distinguished honor of establishing 
the fact that the date of death on a Phi's tombstone was in- 
correct. He had been a preacher, and an elder of his church, 
at my request, made a trip to the cemetery to get the date. 
About the same time, another line of inquiry culminated in 
a reply from the custodian of the church records giving a 
different date. Local inquiry satisfied all concerned that the 
records were correct and the tombstone wrong. I never 
heard whether or not the latter was corrected. 

Bro. Walter B. Palmer, editor of the fifth edition, had a 
curious experience. He learned that a Phi had been shot 
and killed in Georgia, and he was given the name of a man 
who could furnish the date. The latter gave a prompt and 
particular account of the killing, saying that it was done in 
self-defense. He ought to have known all the facts, for he 
it was who had done the killing. 

The man who seeks a few biographical facts will not al- 
ways come oflF, however, with a smile or a laugh. Who can 
know that the father or mother, the brother or friend, who 
listens to-day to the careless talk of youth about societies and 
fraternities, men and fellows, dinners and dances, may re- 
member to-morrow with tears and heavy .sorrow those idle 
words. I have letters from mothers and fathers who cherish 
a feeling for Phi Delta Theta, because it lay next the hearts 
of their children, that no man who has not read could under- 
stand. This one tells of a message sent with the last breath 
to the fellows in the chapter ; that one, of a far di.stant son 
nursed day and night by the boys of the F^raternity ; an- 
other of a homeless boy, ill in mind and body, gathered to 
the home of an old Phi and cared for like a child of the 
house ; a boy who died by his own hand, his mind wrecked 


by overwork ; a son overcome by dread disease, whose last 
days were cheered and lightened by the constancy of the 
boys in his Fraternity. I give a single instance. I can not 
tell the whole story but I quote a part from the newspapers : 

'Any one else in there? ' was asked. 

'Yes, Spurgeon.' 

And they found Spurgeon. But no one would ever have recognized 
him. The tender oi the engine had backed in on him and he would 
have been killed instantly only that a heavy box had fallen over him. 
He was scalded and was black in the face, and every one of his ribs 
was broken. Despite it all he was conscious. He was taken out and 
placed with the others 

Mrs. Dr. Dorsey remained in charge of the injured men. Just 
after passing Vallejo Junction, young Spurgeon called to her. 

' I am dying ' he said, ' and I want you to send a message to Perry 
Tompkins (* A 0) of Berkeley, telling him about it.' The conductor, 
Mr. Cross, also took a message to be delivered to Spurgeon *s mother. 
It seems that Spurgeon belongs to the class of *92 at the university. 
This was his vacation, and he was trying to earn enough money to 
pay his expenses for another term. His mother lives in Santa Ana, 
and he said, 'don't tell her about this roughlv, because it would kill 
her. ' 

As the train rounded Point Pinole, Spurgeon whispered to the 
doctor, 'tell mother I'm thinking of her.' Then he closed his eyes 
and died. 

I think it plain that this boy thought first and always of 
his mother, but in the first realization of death he wished a 
Phi to be notified, that a trusted friend might break the 
blow to the mother that waited. We may laugh and scoff 
at the seeming overseriousness of a mere boy*s society, 
but after all what depths of feeling may underlie its prin- 
ciples ! 

There are good men and bad men in every fraternity that 
takes its men when they are boys. I shall not speak of 
those who have been traced to a prison cell, of those who 
have robbed, those even who have killed. It is not for me 
to judge why or under what circumstances. I have known 
many fraternity men, have engaged at times in the councils 
of a boy's society, have labored in its interests, and perhaps 
those who know me best might think I jested to the end — 
I hope they will think so — but this also I know, that it is 
best for a college boy to be a member of a good fraternity, 
and there are many of them. 

It is gratifying when a perfunctory circular inquiring for 
facts warms up the cockles of some old fellow's heart and 
brings forth a reply that shows that the old spirit still lives. 
Here is a specimen from a worthy father of a worthy son : 


Dear Brother : 

I enclose herewith the slip as you request. 

Have you the oiht^r Mitchell for your catalogue? I mean James 
Lewis Mitchell, Jr. I am not proud of myself but am of ' my boy *, J. 

L. M., Jr He is President of the Epsilon Province, Phi 

Delta Theta, and the most enthusiastic Phi * in the business.* Pardon 
me for taking your time to read this, for I expect you have all the facts 
I have stated. Sincerely vours ' In the Bond,' 

J. L. Mitchell. 

Perhaps the eye of some young fellow will fall upon this 
letter and he will recall what happened when he carried 
home an honor, or good marks, or told his father that he 
was to be valedictorian. Would that all Phi fathers, all Phi 
sons had as much to be proud of in each other as did Jim 
Mitchell and his father. 

Speaking of Phi relatives, brings me naturally to this let- 
ter from one whose brother was a Phi. I prize it as the 
gem of my collection. 

F. D. Swope, Esq., 

My Dear Sir : — 

As the brother of the gentleman of whom you inc^uire in your letter 
of October 30th, addressed to Prof. Edward L. Hams, and your letter 
of the 4th instant, addressed to me, I should, perhaps, be able to give 
you accurate information. That I can materially assist you, I am not, 
however, entirely confident. But I shall try. 

Christened ' John Bromley Taylor, ' my brother seemed to think that 
name good enough for him, until he went out into the world, and 
saw that other youths made names for themselves. Then he bestirred 

His first attempt at name-building resulted in the elision of the let- 
ter 'J,* and the assumption of the letter * F.* So he signed himself 
on the roll of Fame, Bromley F. Taylor. The letter 'F' was, at this 
time, probably merely euphonic, and stood for nothing in particular. 

On one of the battle-fields of the Great Rebellion (for my brother 
was a soldier bold), he bethought him, one day, of that part of his 
original name which, like the tails of the sheep of little Ho-peep, had 
been left behind, and he generously reinstated the • J,' and then the 
name stood out before the world as, * B. F. Taylor. ' But his father 
bore the honorable name of * Benjamin Franklin Taylor.' so, when he 
did not sign himself * Bromley F. Taylor,' he wrote, B. F. Taylor, Jr. 

At this time, I think he writes his name, indifferently, Bromley F. 
Taylor, B. Frank Taylor, and perhaps, at times, though I think sel- 
dom, 'B. F. Taylor, Jr.» 

But through all these mutations of name, he is the same brother I 
found in this changeful world when unexpectedly to myself, I reached 
it, out of breath, and out of humor. 

He has long been connected with the press, devil, press-boy, com- 
positor, foreman, editor, proprietor. He would answer proudly, I 
think, to any of these names, barring, perhaps, the first. 

A wanderer by choice, he sometimes undertakes journeys, the routes 
of which he does not previously lay out. 

A long residence in St. Louis, on * the St. Louis daily ' recently 
terminated with the beginning of such a periodical journey. Hence 
I am, at present, unable to give you his address. 


Now, Sir, while I may not have afforded you much aseistance, have 
I not, at the expense of time, endeavored to aid you ? 
Trusting my endeavor has not been utterly in vain, 

I am 
Yours truly, 

R. W. Taylor. 

It no uncommon thing for men to change or drop parts of 
their name. Bro. Taylor, however, shows unusual versa- 
tility in this line. Children are usually named when they 
are too young to protest, and many men have suffered deep 
and lasting humiliation, to say nothing of financial loss, 
from being inconsiderately named. One man I appealed to 
twenty times or so for his middle name but without result. 
Then I tried his relatives, but they were either ignorant or 
suspicious. Finally I sent a Phi living in the same city for 
a personal interview and it proved to be 'McCarty.' He was 
ashamed of it. 

There are many curious names in the catalogue. You 
can find them for yourself if you are the possessor of that 
great and illustrious work, that holds between its covers the 
life of one Phi and the health of another. The one that I 
have most pondered upon, is that of Bro. Carver. I hope 
he will not mind but will arise and satisfy my curiosity. I 
have passed sleepless nights wondering from what sources 
'Samuel Ashmade Wood Carver', as a name, could have been 
assembled. The 'Wood* naturally belongs with the 'Car- 
ver' and 'Ashmade* with the 'Wood' ; but why use a pre- 
liminary 'Samuel' unless to furnish him with a 'S. A. W.' 

Bro. David Utter worried along for years with his name 
until reduced to the calm and determined state that brought 
forth the following card, which he distributed broadcast. 
Partly for the sake of helping on the good cause and partly 
because it may help some other fellow to take the bull by 
the horns, I give the card in full just as I received it. 


Vox many years I have been troubled because of the middle letter 
of my name. It is, of course a small matter, but continued dropping 
wears a stone, and my patience worn througli, at last I determined to 
drop this letter N. The trouble is that people read, and then write, 
my name Nutter telegrams to D. N. Utter, are very generally read 
and addressed D. Nutter, and consequently never find me. I have of- 
ten been introduced as Mr. Nutter, and some people require years to 
learn that that is not my name. So I concluded to drop the N. and to 
l>e plain David Utter. Then I found how famous I already was ! It 
seems that thousands of people remember that initial N. with mar- 
vellous fidelity, though I have not used it for years. Dear friends, I 
propose to fight this letter the remainder of my days, and though I 


fully expect yet to see it on my tombstone, I ask you all to help me to 
keep it out of my name on letters, checks and telegrams, and every- 
where so far as possible. 

Calmly and determinedly yours, 

David Utter. 

I have beeu fatally attracted to that banished letter. It 
has been long since I communicated with Bro. Utter but he 
is now and ever will be David N. Utter to me. I doubt my 
ability to write his name without the N. The spectacle of 
Bro. Utter anxiously scanning his own tombstone for the 
fatal initial reminds me always of the Irishman riding horse- 
back, who, when the horse by chance placed a hind foot in 
the stirrup, remarked: Oh ! If you're goin' to get on, I'll 
get off. ' 

In a like manner, Bro. K. C. de Steiguer, of Ohio Gamma, 
dropped the *u' from his name because it was often written 
*n*. His brothers of the same chapter slill retain the letter. 

John Fox has written about the feuds of the Kentucky 
mountains, and he would probably name first the celebrated 
one called 'The Hatfield- McCoy.' It is a bit curious that 
the name Hatfield on the roll of Indiana Alpha immediately 
precedes McCoy. Any Phi from this section looking over 
that roll would start at the co-incidence. 

Of course there are errors in the sixth edition of the cat- 
alogue. I know about them but I shall not tell.- Any one 
can see for himself, however, the glaring one at the top of 
page 177, where it should read * Iowa Alpha' instead of 
* Ohio Alpha." Page 177 was the beginning of a new form 
and when the page proofs were sent us, it appeared as 'Ohio 
Alpha." The mistake was discovered and corrected, but 
the printer failed to note the correction, and as the page proof 
was the last, there was no farther opportunity to correct it. 

A close observer of the catalogue of 1883 will perceive that 
the date of the founding of the F'raternity is given as I'US 
instead of 1848. It was correct when the last proof went to 
the printer, and no one knows how the mistake occurred. 
Probably the 8 dropped out of the form, as will sometimes 
occur, and the printers in replacing it mistook a ') for an 8. 
The whole form would have been reprinted but for the fact 
that the error was not discovered until after the type was 
distributed. The forms were of sixteen pages, and the cost 
and delay made it impracticable to reprint, even to correct so 
mortifying an error. 

i^To be conthiued. ) 

Frank D. Swopk. 



The first American college fraternity with a Greek name 
was 4> B K, founded in 1770, at the College of William and 
Mary in Virginia. Chapters of it were established at Yale 
in 1780, Harvard in 1781, Dartmouth in 1787, and Union in 
1817. The society gave up its secrets in 1831 , and thereafter 
it became only an honorary organization. 

K A was founded at Union in 1825, and in its external 
features at least was an imitation of * B K ; it was a secret 
social organization with a Greek name, its members were 
restricted to upper classmen, and it named its chapters on 
the same system. 

Originally * B K had a badge consisting of * a square sil- 
ver medal,' which was worn suspended on a cord running 
through an eyelet in the middle of one side. On the face 
of the medal was a hand pointing upward to a star ; on the 
reverse was ' S. P.\ the initials of Societas Philosophia, and 
' 1770.' 

Originally K A had a square badge, which bore the signs 
of the zodiac, and which was suspended from one corner, 
instead of from the middle of one side, as was the badge of 
* B K. Later the badges of both societies were changed to 
the form of a watch-key. 

The next college society founded after K A was 2 *, in 
1827, also at Union. It w^as the first fraternity to have a 
Greek monogram badge. Later in the same year, A * was 
founded at the same college, and from 1827 to 1832 its badge 
was an elliptical disc, having *A 4> ' surrounded by scroll 
work, and worn on a ribbon watch-guard. In 1832 the 
present Maltese cross form was adopted. 

Quoting again from 'American College Fraternities': 
' 2 4> was the first of the fraternities to establish a branch 
organization, and, in 18'U, calling itself the Alpha chapter 
of New York, it placed the Beta chapter of New York at 
Hamilton. This name probably resulted, one year later, in 
the foundation of A A 4> at that college. ' The original badge 
of A A 4> was an oblong slab with rounded corners, displaying 
a crescent, bearing the letters *A A 4>* on a field of black 
enamel ; above the crescent was a green star, and below the 
date * 1882 ' in gold. The present star and crescent form 
was not officially recognized until 1875, though it had been 
worn previously as a graduate symbol. 

The second chapter of A A * was established in 1835 at 


Miami, where, in 1839, B n was founded. The original 
badge of B n was quite similar to that of A A 4>. The 
shape was an oblong slab, with straight sides, but with cor- 
ners cut out concave instead of convex. Above a crescent 
were three stars, and below were ' B II ' and ' aa>X^,' the 
Greek numerals for 1839. At the convention of 1842, the 
crescent was discarded for a wreath and diamond, and the 
convention of 1848 approved curving the sides of the badge 

The shield badges of A X, 4> A 0, ^ K ^, and Southern 
K A have the same general outline. A X was founded at 
Union in June, 1S48, * A 0at Miami in December, 1848, 
*K*at Jefferson (now W. & J.) in 18.'')2, and Southern 
K A at Washington (now W. & L. ) in 1S(m. The Shield 
of A X has recently referred to its shield form of badge 
having been ' plagirized.' This charge was directed prob- 
ably against * A 0. We have documents to prove that the 
first * A badge, a shield charged with an eye and a scroll 
bearing * * A 0,* was made in June, 1849, and a statement 
of that fact was made in The Scrou. for June, 1898, by the 
designer of the badge. Rev. Robert Morrison, D. D., one of 
the surviving founders of the Fraternity. The first of the 
* Old Fraternity Records ' published in The vScroll for 
October, 1898, shows that a member of the Miami chapter 
purchased such a badge on July 7, 1849. Has A X any 
documents to show that its members wore a shield badge at 
an earlier date ? 

This matter ought to be decided by proof, and, as the 
history of A X has recently been written for its semi- 
centennial, it ought to be easy for that fraternity to produce 
evidence on the point. If it can be shown that Theta 
Delts wore shield badges before Phi Delts, we will cheer- 
fully accord to A X full credit for originating this de- 
sign. However, our founders in 1S4S-49 knew nothing 
whatever about A X's badge, or even about the A X 
society. Except the ephemeral chapter at the Ballston Law 
School, New York, A X had no chapter outside of Union 
until 1852, when it entered the University of X'ermont, and 
it did not get anywhere near ^ A territory until after the 
Civil war. 

* A was the first fraternity to adopt the eye as an em- 
blem. The scroll is a feature of the badge of A K E, founded 
at Yale in 1844, but our founders knew nothing about that 
fraternity until it established a chapter at Miami in l'S52. 
From 1852 to 1854 the badge of <l> K ^ was a monogram of 


the letters '4> ^. ' In the latter year a shield, bearing an eye, 
two stars, au antique lamp and the letters **K^,'wa6 
adopted. The eye was adopted as a badge emblem by A T A 
in 1860 and M n A, in 1895. * A added a sword to the shield 
in 1805, and is the only fraternity having such a badge at- 

Classified according to shapes, the badges of the general 
fraternities and sororities are as follows, the fraternities 
having the same shape being mentioned in order of seniority: 

Monogram — ^ 4>, X ^, Z ^, <l> K ^, X 4>, AY (monogram 
not adopted until 1S58), A <l>, r 4> B. Shield— B n (eight 
sides curved inward), 0AX, 4>K^, ATA (four sides curved 
inward). Southern K A, iM n A (five sides). Shield and 
sword— <t> A 0. Lozenge— ^Y, A K E, 4> r A, 2 A E. Loz- 
enge surmounting shield — 11 K A. Cross — A <l> (Maltese), 
A ^k (St. Anthony), *K2 (Maltese), 2X (St. George), 
A T O (Maltese). Star and crescent— K S, A A * (not 
adopted until 1875), AAA (three stars). Key— K A 0. 
Watch-key— Northern K A. Anchor— A r. Kite— K A 0. 
Arrow — n B <t>. Labarum — A X P. Book, lances and scroll — 
4> <t> 4>. Star with inverted points — 2 N. 

A list of the various shapes of badges was published in 
the Beta Theta Pi about two years ago. From the latest 
edition of 'American College Fraternities' are obtained the 
following details regarding the emblems on fraternity badges, 
the fraternities or sororities having the same emblem being 
mentioned in order of seniority : 

Stars— A *, B II, A K E, A X, 4> T A, <t> K 2, * K ^, 
2 X, A T A, A T a, K 2, K A 0. Crescent— A T A, AT O. 
irye_4> A 0, <t> K ^, ATA, M II A. Clasped hands— A *, 
^ Y, 2 X, AT 12. Hand—* * 4>. Skull and bones— X ^, 
A ^, * K 2, K 2, M II A. Scroll— A K E, 4> A 0, 2 X. Scroll 
and quill — A <l>. Crossed keys — 2 X, K 2. Crossed arrows — 
A X. Crossed swords— K 2, 2 N. Daggers— X ^. Shield— 
A ^k, A r. Fasces — Z ^. Antique lamp — A <l>, * K ^. Circle — 
Z ^. yuadrated circle — X ^. Sun — Northern K A. Signs 
of the zodiac — Northern K A. Cross — Southern K A. An- 
chor — 4>4><l>. Hebrew letters — Northern K A, A ^. Roman 
letters — r 4> B. Greek numerals for years of establishment 
— B 11. <D r A, K A 0, K K r. Other Greek letters— 2 A E. 
II K A, 2 N, A r. Minerva and lion— 2 A E. Eagle's head 
—2 X. Coiled serpent— 2 N. Wreath— B n. Diamond 
fgeni)— B II. 

All of the fraternities except M n A and all the sororities 
have colors, some one, some two and some three. * A 0, in 


1871, adopted white and blue (azure) as colors. Unfortun- 
ately two other fraternities, 2 * and A 4>, have the same or 
nearly the same colors, and it would be interesting to know 
when they were adopted. The colors of 5 4> are white and 
light blue, and those of A 4> blue and white, a ribbon of one 
white stripe between two of blue being usually worn. 

The first regulation flag of any fraternity was that of 
@ A X, adopted in 1871. The following descriptions of flags 
are from 'American College Fraternities ' : 

The flag of 2 X bears the fraternity name. 

The flag of A K E is composed of three vertical stripes of blue, gold 
and crimson, displaying a rampant lion in black on the gold back- 

The flag of 4> K 2 has a black ground, displaying at the left of the 
field the skull and bones, and in the center the letters ' * K 2) ' in gold. 

The flag of 4> r A is pennant-shaped, bearing the Greek letters *4> r A' 
across the face of the flag upon a white background. In the upper 
left hand corner is a purple square containing a white star. 

The flag of B B 11 is a field of blue, displaying three stars arranged 
at the angles of a triangle enclosing a red rose, and with a border 
panel of white, the latter color out of compliment to the Mystical 

The flag of Southern K A consists of three broad bars : crimson, white, 
and gold, of equal width, placed parallel with the staff — the crimson 
bar next to the staff, the gold at the flowing end. In the center of the 
white bar is the eight-pointed crimson cross. 

The flag of A X is composed of three vertical stripes, black, white 
and blue, the total lenj^th being twice the width. In the center of 
the black stripe is the letter ' ' in white, in the white stripe ' A ' in 
black and in the blue stri|>e ' X ' in white. 

A fraternity flag was adopted by 4> A O in J8iM ; it consists of three 
vertical bars of equal width ; the outer bars blue and the middle bars 
white ; each of the outer bars charged with three white five-pointed 
stars ; the middle bar charged with ' <f» A B, ' the letters in blue, read- 
ing downward ; the width of the whole being two-lhirds of the length. 

It seems that A A 4>, A T 12, A T A, 2 A K, II K A. <l> 2 K, 
M II A, A X P, 4) ^ <l>, 4/ Y, :t X, Z ^l/, A <l>, A ^l', >; *, K ^, 
2 N, AY, Northern K A and the sororities have not yet 
adopted flags. 

The first fraternity to adopt a flower was B W II in l(S8i). 
The only other men's fraternities which have adopted flow- 
ers are * A 0, 4) r A, A T A, A X, ^ K E, A T 12, W K A, 
2 X, 2 N, K 2, Z ^ and Southern K A. All the sororities 
have flowers. The white carnation has been selected by 
Z 4^, but <l> A was first to choose this flower in 1S91. 

Waltkr B. Palmkr. 




Maine University 
Dartmouih .... 




M. I. T 

Worcester .... 






X ale 


St. Stephens . . 




St. Lawrence. . 





Troy Polytechnic 
N. Y. University 
Columbia. . . 



Lafayette . . . 
Lehigh . ... 
Franklin & Marsh 
Pennsylvania State 
Muhlenberg. . . . 



Wash. «& Jefif. . . 
Penn'a College . 
Johns Hopkins . 


Case School .... 
Western Reserve 
Ohio State 
Denison . . 
Miami .... 

<i E- c -e* •> ;:c: ^ ^ E- r-. -^ < J'^ -a - u; u; j-r-^ 

R K . 




O O 
O O O O 

. K . 
O . CJ 








R O 

O O O 




O R 

O O 
O . 
R R 


. R O 

O R R O () O R 

(J O 

R . 

R O R 

R R O 

R R R 

. O 


R O O 



R R 



K ( 
R . 



O O 

H -< X JiT, 

•> v\ v\ v\ 

•e- <i •> i«t 


o . 


. o 

o o 




R R 

R R 

R O 


R ( 



. R 


R . O 

K R 



R O 

> K O 
R O 

O R 

R R R R O 

K R 


K K 

. R 

R O O 

R R 





R R 

. O 

R R 











R R 



. R 
O O R 

O R O 



R O R 


O R 

■ • 

O O O 

o o 

R O K 



O R O 



Adrian . r r 

Albion R . . . .R OR. . .. 

Hillsdale r 

DePauw o r r 

Hanover o 

Indiana University r ... 

Central Kentucky. r . . . . 

* ^•^•*C ... .••.....,.., ....... R..... .R. .. ... 

Northwestern r rr ro 

Vi» DlCigO •..••••....K.R. .K. , .R.R. • ,R.RR, , .« 

Lombard o 

Wisconsin r.o. . .rr. . .oro. . .o.r. .r. . 

J3CIOII .•..•...••«.. R. . . . . . . . , R, , , , .R, . . 

Lake Forest r 

Mt. Union r ....r.r.... 

Minnesota r.k.or. .k ro. . .r.r. .r. . 

Kansas University . . r o 

NebraskaUniversity .r rr.r 

Colorado University . . , r 

Denver r 

Stanford o 00. r.r.r. . . . r. r. . o. 

California orrr. . .r. . .rr. . . .rrr. . .0. 

Missouri r r.r.... 

Rose Polytechnic . . . r • . . . 

Wofiford R RR R 

North Carolina o . . . o 

Vanderbilt r 0.0 

University of South .o 0..000 o 

Washington & Lee R . . . . 

Mississippi o 

Louisiana State rr R.o.... 

Georgia ... rr. . .r. .r.k r 

Emory r 

Alabama o 

Southern r r r 

Alabama Agric 

Texas University r r..., 

Austin o 

Southwestern o 

Franklin (Indiana) r 

Note. — A number of additions will have to be matle to this list, of course, to bring it 
up to date, and a few subtractions are also, unfortunately, necessary. The house cred- 
ited to Kappa Alpha at Alabama in the table should be at Alabama Polytechnic. Kappa 
Alpha ana Phi Gamma Delta now rent houses at Virginia ; Delta Upsilon has one at 
Minnesota. Beta Theta Pi rents at Knox, Iowa. Missouri and Harvard now, and has 
given up her houses at Boston and Denver. Delta Kappa Epsilon has a house at Colby. 
Phi Delta Theta owns her house at California now, rents at Northwestern and Indian- 
apolis and has houses under construction at Cietiysburg, Dickinson and Pennsylvania. 
The college year is too young yet to present anythitig like a full list of additions and 
corrections to the foregoing table, which is used by the kind permission of Mr. W. R. 
Biird. of the Bt'Ut Thvin Pi. It anticipates our house at Gettysburg by altout twelve 
months, but is a very safe prophet in that respect. Sigma Alpha Epsilon has had no 
house at Franklin for two years, and Phi Kappa Psi has lost hers at Kansas, we are in- 



C01.LKCTRI) AND Editkd by Walter B. Pai.merJ" 


Delaware, Ohio, September 21), 1878. To the Grand Alpha 
chapter of the 4> A (e) : This is to certify that Bro. O. V. 
Lewis has been instructed to confer with you on business 
for the chapter, concerning the forming of a new chapter of 
our Order at Lansing, Mich. We wish this business at- 
tended to as soon as possible. — B. L. Duckwall, President 
Ohio Gamma. 

There is no chapter in Michigan that I know of. Ann Ar- 
bor had a charter but returned it. You ask which to make 
it, Alpha or Beta ? If at all, the Alpha. I hope you will 
consider that the influence of our Fraternity consists in the 
quality — not the number — of chapters. It was our endeavor 
to establish at none but the best institutiotis. Expect to be 
advised and cursed, petitioned and threatened henceforth as 
Grand Alpha. — H. R. Buckingham, Dahlgreen, 111., to E. 
M. Wilson, l^niversity of Wooster, Oct. 11, 1873. 

I received a letter from Sheldon yesterday, stating that 
they had received the Bond, had signed and remailed it. I 
expect to receive it to-day. The pledge came back all 
right. To-morrow evening we will initiate a new member. 
The Michigan boys want us to get badges for them, and we 
can not order them till we know what chapter it is. Please 
let us know whether it will be the Alpha or not. — C. V. 
Lewis, Ohio Wesleyan University, to E. M. Wilson, Uni- 
versity of Wooster, Oct. 14, 1873. 

During last year we had on our roll something near 
twenty active members, though there were never more than 
fifteen present at any one time. Out of that number we 
had eight of the graduating class. Out of six honors they 
took four, including the valedictory ; besides, we took the 
first law prize. On prize declamations we had one repre- 

*I request chapters and individual This to examine their old fraternity |>apers, 
and to loan ine those that may be of interest, or to send me copies of same, or of 
such portions as are of importance. The materials for a history prior to 1878 
(when The Scroll was permaneutlv established), are meager, and almost any 
letter relating to I'hi Delta Theta before that time would be of value in filling out 
gaps in the record. This notice does not apply to the chapters at Miami, Indiana. 
Wabash, Hanover, Centre, Wisconsin, Cornell, I^fayette and Wooster, whose 
archives I have examined. Walter B. Palmer, Editor of the History of Phi 
Delta Theta. 511 South Spruce street, NashNnlle, Tenn. 


sentative, and took a prize. At present we have nine 
members, all of whom seem to be active in the cause of 
* A 0. We sent no delegate to the convention, owing to 
the state of our finances. We had to pay a heavy hall rent, 
and some of the members were short of means, being barely 
able to get through college. . . . We have never had a 
copy of the minutes, and know nothing except what we 
learned from the catalogue. So we know but very little of 
the changes of the last three years. If not too much trou- 
ble, I wish you would send me a full copy of the Bond and 
constitution, as they now are. The copy we got at the first 
was very poorly written ; some of it we have never been 
able to read. I would also be glad to have you send me the 
addresses of such firms as keep our badge. We will probably 
take in six members in the course of a few weeks. We are 
held in high esteem here. Toward the close of last session 
we expelled one of our members, William Thompson. En- 
closed I send you 2.*) cents, for which please send me a 
copy of the <l> A songs. — S. C. Rogers, University of Mis- 
souri, to M. G. Evans, University of Wooster, Oct. 15, lS7o. 

The chapter is in full working condition. We have now 
sixteen active members, and four correspondent members. 
Of the latter one is Brother L. S. Clark. The other three 
are from the class of '73. The University of California now 
holds its sessions in the new buildings at Berkeley, five 
miles distant from Oakland, and thirteen from San Fran- 
cisco. At present we hold the meetings of the chapter in 
one of the lecture halls, but in a few months we shall obtain 
a room for our special use. Are not state Alphas empow- 
ered to grant charters to succeeding chapters in the same 
state? — S, C. Scheeline, University of California, to Iv. M. 
Wilson, University of Wooster, Oct. IN, IHTo. 

We initiated three new men last night, Ruepple, vSchuer- 
man and Stermson, all of St. Louis. vSt. Louis has fifteen 
scholarships in Cornell University, and each of these boys 
gained one, which is a mark that they have brains to goon. 
We are fixing up our chapter room, and it is beginning to 
look something like resp)ectable. Our membership is eleven 
now, with a prospect of three more next meeting. — N. W. 
Cady, Cornell University, to C. T. Jamieson, University of 
Wooster, Oct. 23, 1873. 

California Alpha is in high spirits : it now numbers twen- 
ty members — seventeen attendant, and three correspondent 
who were graduated at the last commencement. One of 


these latter, Frauk Olis, is the son of the present mayor of 
San Francisco ; another, E. Scott, a son of one of our first 
ministers — the Rev. Dr. W. A. Scott, of St. John's Presby- 
terian Church. — Leonard S. Clark, San Francisco, Cal., to 
Charles T. Jamieson, University of Wooster, Oct. 27, 1«^78. 

Inclosed you will find our application for a charter to 
establish a chapter of the <I> A at this institution. We have 
followed your instructions, and have been initiated into the 
Ohio Gamma at Delaware, and have tried to fill out the ap- 
plication according to the form given in the constitution, 
but we have some doubts as to its correctness. You must 
excuse our verdancy, and, if anything is wrong, you will 
confer a great favor by explaining the difficult parts. Our 
college year closes on the 1-^th of this month, and we should 
like a return from our petition as soon as possible. — F. J. 
Annis, Michigan State College, to E. M. Wilson, University 
of Wooster, Nov. 3, 187o. The application is signed by C. 
W. Sheldon, F. J. Annis, T. F. Rogers and G. M. Morse. 

Indiana Alpha has but six men, but w-e hope to initiate 
several more soon. Indiana chapters report prosperity. 
The Beta has nineteen men. — A. W. Fullerton, Indiana 
University, to E. M. Wilson or Walter L. Spence, Univer- 
sity of Wooster, Nov. 7, 1873. 

The college w^here our Grand Alpha was established has 
suspended. We have a chapter now in Lafayette College. — 
Beverly Gregory, Brooklyn, Ind., to Charles B. Gaskill, 
Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 12, 1K73. 

Received the Bond and the constitution. Highly pleased 
with the new mode of initiation. I don't think our pros- 
pects were ever brighter than at present. We now number 
twelve, nine back from last year, and three initiated at our 
last meeting. I am of the opinion that eighteen members 
should be the maximum of a chapter. We have had no 
word from Perry yet. Have taken no steps toward estab- 
lishing any chapters in this state. — S. C. Rogers, University 
of Missouri, to M. G. Evans, University of Wooster, Nov. 
17, 1873. 

I was very much astonished to find you had such a flour- 
ishing chapter ; why, you have one man more than we have, 
although the chapters here are much smaller than at Lafay- 
ette. Last 3ear there were only about 135 society men out 
of 500 students, while nearly half of your men are society 
men. I presume it is because a different class of fellows 


go here — poorer. We hope before the end of the term to 
have three or four more men, at least. The A K E's have 
made professions of great friendship for us. We are now 
so firmly established that we can wield as much influence 
as they. I received good news from Virginia Alpha the 
other day : they have established a chapter at the Univer- 
sity of Virginia, and have several excellent men there, so 
that we may soon expect a splendid chapter there. The 
university has quite a reputation north, so it is a fine move. 
Our chapter at Lansing expects soon to start a chapter at the 
University of Michigan, which will be a good step. I am 
sorry there is no chapter at Philadelphia, and do not see 
how the report that there was one could have arisen. We 
hope to be able soon to start a chapter at Washington Uni- 
versity, St. Louis, Mo., a good way off, to be sure. We 
are looking around to see if we can find a man at some New 
York college who can be set to work. We cordially recipro- 
cate the desire to start new chapters, and mean to do all we 
can. — N. LeB. Gardner, Cornell University, to J. C. Irwin, 
Lafayette College, Nov. 27, 1878. 

My mission in writing to your chapter is not at this time 
a pleasant one, for I must tell of the death of the Indiana 
Alpha. Our prospects this year were bright, not that we 
had so many men, but their ability was above question, and 
if they had all worked as they should, we would have dis- 
tanced all competitors ere the year closed. But two or three 
of our best men were surrounded by the influence of other 
fraternities, and this influence became so great that notwith- 
standing our strongest efforts they declared their intention 
to resign ; whereupon the remaining members became de- 
moralized, and they made it general, leaving me alone. I 
am to-day the only Phi in the institution. I hold the char- 
ter and constitution of our chapter subject to the orders of 
the Grand Alpha. I will send with this the resignation of 
the other members. — A. W. Fullerton, Indiana University, 
to C. T. Jamieson, University of Wooster. Dec. 2, 1.S73. 

We have eleven members at present, all of whom stand 
among the first in their classes. From present appearances 
our Fraternity here has the honors of the Senior, Junior and 
Sophomore classes for certain. There are three other secret 
societies in our college — one gentlemen's, B 11, and two 
ladies', I. C. and P. H. O. Last year we had three gradu- 
ates, one of whom is now a professor in the Napa Institute. 
— G. W. Holland, Iowa Wesleyan University, to C. S. 
McClelland, University of Wooster, Dec. 19, 1873. 


I am glad to inform you that our chapter is on a steady in- 
crease. She is beyond a doubt ahead of all competitors. — 
A. A. Marshall, Mercer University, to Charles B. (raskill, 
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 20, 187:*>. 


We have a fine chapter here, composed of men of known 
integrity and honor, and we hope always to keep our stan- 
dard as inviolable as our noble constitution demands. — C. H. 
Cohen, University of Georgia, to C. F. Carson, University 
of Wooster, Jan. 1, 1S74. 

Our Order possesses more of the spirit of progress than any 
fraternity I know of. We have now four fraternities in col- 
lege, and still we occupy the place of honor. We will do 
our best to send a delegate. — A. A. Marshall, Mercer Uni- 
versity, to A. Z. McGogney, University of Wooster, Jan. 
18, 1874. 

California Alpha was started last June, although the mat- 
ter was kept secret until fall. They now have nineteen 
attendant members and four correspondent members. They 
also expected about this time to take in two more. The 
only other society there is the Z "^^ which has twenty-four 
active members and twelve alumni. — E. LeB. Gardner, Cor- 
nell University, to C. W. Bixby, La f a vette College, Jan. 18, 

Ours is the largest 4> A © chapter in the state ; we now 
have sixteen members. I believe there are fifteen in Athens 
and fourteen in Oxford. I received some time since a copy 
of some of the songs published by the Grand Alpha. Some 
of them are very good. Two new chapters have been es- 
tablished in Pennsylvania and Michigan, and both are in a 
prosperous condition. — Alexis A. Marshall, Mercer Univer- 
sity, to Charles B. Gaskill, Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 21, 1874. 

We were delighted to hear of your success in establishing 
a chapter at your college, and hope that success may crown 
your future efforts. We have established a chapter at the 
University of Virginia. They have only three members, 
two of them former students at this college, but the pros- 
pects are favorable. We have also established a chapter at 
Randolph- Macon College, Ashland, Va. They have six 
members, with a good prospect of getting several more. So 
you see, after so long a time, we have succeeded in advanc- 
ing the cause in Virginia. Our chapter is prospering ; 
although we have but eight members, we have reason to be 
proud of them. One of them got the medal in mathe- 


matics, and is very apt to get one in Greek this year. — R. 
L. Wright, Roanoke College, to C. W. Bixby, Lafayette 
College, Feb. 3. 1S74. 

R. P. Hunter and myself formed the chapter at Randolph- 
Macon College. From the start the chapter took a leading 
place at that college. There was not a time that I knew it 
when its members did not stick as close as brothers. But it 
has been twenty years since I left R. M. C, and my mem- 
ory now fails me. I regret this. I have always been in- 
terested in the Fraternity, though my lack of recollections 
would not indicate it. — James B. McCabe, Leesburg, Va., to 
Walter B. Palmer, Nashville. Tenn., Jan. 21, 1.S9S. 

Enclosed you will find the report of membership of the 
Indiana Gamma. As prescribed by the constitution, it 
should be made to our state Alpha, but, as we have no state 
Alpha at present, we do not know what to do but to make it 
directly to the acting Grand Alpha. You will see by the 
report that we are in a flourishing condition, with sixteen 
members who are the best in college. We laid ^ X entirely 
in the shade this year. We are now al)out fitting up a hall. 
We are doing all we can to help our chapter at Bloomington 
on its feet again : we will send one man there next term. — 
James C. Norris, Indianapolis, Ind., to J. C. Council, Uni- 
versity of Wooster, Feb. 4, 1874. 

Bro. Carpenter of the New York Alpha is an intimate ac- 
quaintance of mine and he it was who established that chap- 
ter. We claim the honor of having established directly or 
indirectly the Iowa, New York and Missouri Alphas, the 
Ohio Delta, now Grand Alpha, pro teni., and the Illinois 
Beta and Gamma (Monmouth and Knox ). Bro. C. T. Jam- 
ieson, now of Ohio Delta, who takes the most active part in 
fraternity affairs, was initiated at this chapter and spent two 
years at this place. — J. Potter, Hanover College, to C. W. 
Bixby, Lafayette College, Feb. 21, IS71. 

Our catalogue compares unfavorably with the catalogues 
of other fraternities. We want such a one as will show 
every chapter that we ever had, just as it was and is. What 
will become of those chapters whose titles have been dupli- 
cated, as for instance the one at Springfield, Ohio? I think 
that a cemetery in the back of our catalogue is in very poor 
taste. A star at the proper place would be much better. 
The * r A index of chapters is splendid. Our constitution is 
as yet imperfect, and something must be done by the next 
convention. And to think, too, of our not having any songs 


until this, the twenty-fifth year of our existence, and no 
music. We ought to have some sheet music, if we should 
have to hire Strauss to compose it. I think our charters 
would make a better appearance in the bottom of our trunks 
than in public. They should be gotten up on the best of 
parchment and in style. In having them gotten up in a de- 
cent manner, we could then hang them up in our halls and 
be proud of them. It is a wonder that more chapters have 
not been lost than have been for want of enthusiasm. How 
much strength can you count on for the Alpha Magna at 
the next convention ? Your business way of doing things 
has gained for you much support. — S. W. Carpenter, Cor- 
nell University, to C. T. Jamieson, University of Wooster, 
Feb. 28, 1S74. 

I have been trying to find for you what I think was the 
first 4> A song book. In 1S73 I took a small printing 
press to college, the University of Wooster, to help eke out 
a maintenance, and Brother C. T. Jamieson and I printed 
on this a little pamphlet of songs, perhaps ten or twelve in 
number. This was a very crude edition, but it perhaps led 
to my appointment to the editorship of the first official song 
book. — Preston W. Search, Holyoke, Mass., to Walter B. 
Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., May o, 1897. 

I note with pleasure your kind words about my labors for 
the Fraternity for about six years. I found the society 
rather an amorphous mass, and my keen sense of system 
and organization stirred me to do my utmost to bring some 
sort of order out of chaos, and I threw myself into the work 
with all my soul. You, who have been more in touch with 
the Fraternity in later years, know much more than I how 
well or ill I succeeded in my efforts. Brother Search is a 
trifle in error about having taken the printing press to 
Wooster. The Fraternity bought the press, at his sug- 
gestion, and when it was brought to Wooster it was placed 
in my room, where all the work was done by me in leisure 
moments. The other statements are all right, except the 
date, which was, I think, the first of 1874. It may have 
been the last of 1873. On second thought, I know it was 
1874. I have none of the song books you mention ; I wish 
I had. Nor do I know if any are in existence. About the 
only possible chance of getting one would be to write to the 
Wooster chapter or to E. M. Wilson, who is now, I believe, 
in San Francisco. I never saw the song book of 1876. I 
don't remember much about the booklet we got up. Search 
wrote all but one of the songs, I think, and that one was 


written by Will A. Caldwell. Will may have one of the 
books. You can learn his address from Indiana Epsilon. — 
Charles T. Jamieson, Urbana, Ohio, to Walter B. Palmer, 
Nashville. Tenn.. May ID, 181)7. 

Edgar M. W^ilson informs me that what you refer to as a 
sort of preliminary song book was probably a few songs 
printed by Search and Jamieson on one side of a stifiF card- 
board, which they used in the chapter. Such is his recol- 
lection of the matter ; he does not remember that they were 
bound. They may have been printed on loose sheets. He 
has no copy ; if any copies are in existence, he thinks the 
boys of Ohio Delta would have them, or you might try 
James Council, M. D., Pittsburg, Pa. We got up just such 
a set of songs at Berkeley in ISSH, and had them printed on 
one side of loose sheets — a complete set on each sheet — for 
distribution at meetings. We had some amateur printers 
among us, the same as did the Wooster chapter in days of 
old. — Wm. O. Morgan, Oakland, Cal., to Walter B. Palmer, 
Nashville, Tenn., July 1, 1H<)7. 

For several weeks I have been trying to find some trace 
of the little print of songs to which you refer. Your letter 
of the 5th inst. stirred me to a renewed attempt, and this 
morning I find among the debris of years the enclosed cover 
and sheet or two, which is all I now have to tell the story. 
This little effort, which gives me much amusement now, 
was the work of many an hour between exercises at college. 
Our chapter owned a small novelty printing press ; Brother 
Jamieson and I turned printers, and the little book appeared. 
You will recognize the high art embellishments. As I re- 
member, the collection numbered about sixteen songs, in- 
cluding * Our Song of Greeting,' * Our Cause Speeds On,' 
' Working for Old Phi Delta Theta ' (W. O. Bates), *Even- 
ing Song,' * Ohio Zeta Hall,' 'Initiation Ode,' 'Work, 
Work, Work,' ' Home, Dear Phi Home.' ' When as Out 
Into the World We Go ' ( W. A. Caldwell), ' Closing Ode,' 
and a few others. The sheet to which Bro. E. M. Wilson 
refers was an issue for a special occa.sion, and was also pre- 
pared by Brother Jamieson and myself. I was officially ap- 
pointed editor and publisher of the first regular song book, 
issued in 1876. I am very glad to know that some of the 
songs then produced, in days of trial and tribulation, have 
found acceptance in later use. I am deeply attached to all 
that concerns the Phis, and admire the way in which you 
maintain your early interest. — Preston W. Search, Holyoke, 
Mass., to Walter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 9, 


It has been so long since I was in touch with the old boys 
and with the Fraternity, that I am like one in the woods. I 
probably had at one time a copy of the song book, but it has 
long since been lost, together with any other fraternity pub- 
lications I may have had. When Bro. W. L. Spence and I 
went from Miami to Wooster in 1873, we gathered up all 
the fraternity literature and papers, and took them with 
us. This was because Miami University suspended that 
year. Wooster then became the Grand Alpha chapter, and 
continued such for some time. I apprehend that all this 
matter must be there yet, unless the same was removed 
when the (^rand Alpha chapter was taken from Wooster. 
Charles T. Jamieson. now an editor at Urbana, Ohio, a 
member at Wooster in my time, was a diligent student of 
fraternity affairs, and carefully digested all information and 
papers then accessible. He may yet be in possession of 
some of the results of his Phi Delta Theta researches, and, 
if so, would no doubt furnish them to you. Edgar M. Wil- 
son, now an attorney at San Francisco, Cal. , was also an 
ardent Phi, and no doubt has preserved much matter that 
then came into his possession , probably the song book among 
others. — Marcus G. Evans, Columbus, Ohio, to Walter B. 
Palmer. Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 8. 1898. 

I regret to say I have no copy of the pamphlet song book 
to which you allude, though I remember it. Nor have I 
preserved any fraternity records which would be of use to 
you. I have been so much a bird of passage since leaving 
college, that impedimenta of all sorts have been left behind. 
But I would suggest, as a possibility, that James C. Norris, 
of Indianapolis, or Dr. A. B. Thrasher, of Cincinnati, may 
have the book or other documents useful to you. — William 
O. Bates, New York, N. Y., to Walter B. Palmer, Nash- 
ville, Tenn., Jan. l^i, 1808. 

I have no copy of the songs you refer to, and I venture 
to hope nobody else has, for, to the best of my recollection, 
the 'poetry' was decidedly rocky. I have none of the other 
matter to which you refer. Mr. T. C. Potter, druggist, In- 
dianapolis, Ind., may be able to assist you. He was the 
most enthusiastic worker in our chapter at Hanover College. 
—William A. Caldwell, Berkeley, Cal., to Walter B. Palmer, 
Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 17, 18i)S. 

I am sorry to say I have nothing of historic value to Phi 
Delta Theta. If there is anyone who would be likely to 
have anything in the way of historic records or recollec- 
tions, it would l>e Charles T. Jamieson, of Urbana, Ohio. 


It has been twenty-seven years since we entered Hanover 
College. His taste always ran in the direction of fraternity 
affairs ; he was a laborious secretary of the chapter while in 
college, and a voluminous correspondent before and after 
graduation. — Thomas C. Potter, Indianapolis, Ind., to Wal- 
ter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 27, 189.S. 

I remember the little printing press, but have no recollec- 
tion of the pamphlet issued by Jamieson and Search. Ed- 
gar M. Wilson, now an attorney in San Francisco, was a 
wheel-horse in the Fraternity about that time, and I can 
think of no one who would be so likely to have a copy, if 
there is any extant. — Robert Ballagh, Piano, Cal., to Wal- 
ter B. Palmer, Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 10, 180S. 

I have nothing that would throw any light on the history 
of the 4> A 0. I did have several catalogues and small 
song books, but they have long since been mislaid. — S. C. 
Rogers, Kingston, Mo., to Walter B. Palmer, Nashville, 
Tenn., Feb. 10, 1898. 

I have never preserved any of my old Phi correspondence, 
and I have no copy of the 1874 song book. — Allen B. 
Thrasher, Cincinnati, Ohio, to Walter B. Palmer, Nash- 
ville, Tenn., March 17, 1898. 

The last twelve preceding letters, as well as those dated 
Oct. 15, 1873, and Jan. 21, 1874, refer to a pamphlet edi- 
tion of * A songs, which was earlier than the first regular 
edition, published in 1876. Having seen early issues of 
separate songs printed on card-board, and a sheet contain- 
ing a number of songs, printed especially for use at the 
1874 convention, I suspected that there had been a prelim- 
inary song book prior to 1876, but I was never able to obtain 
a copy before 1897, when Brother Search sent me a muti- 
lated copy, which, in fact, consists only of paper covers, 
the title page and two pages of songs — the last two pages 
that were in the pamphlet. The printing on the front cover 
and title page are the same ; the words, inclosed in what 
printers call an 'ornamental border,' are : ' SoNciS of the 
PHI DELTA THETA ! Published by Ohio Delta. 1874. 
Phi Delta Theta Print, Wooster, Ohio.' On the second 
page (next to title pagej is, 'Printers : P. W. Search, Char- 
ley T. Jamieson.' On next to the last page is * Our Fare- 
well Song,' and on the last page is 'Closing Ode,' both by 
W. A. Caldwell, and both surrounded by a border. If any 
chapter or individul Phi has a more complete copy of this 
pamphlet, I should like to buy, beg or borrow same. — Wal- 
ter B. Palmer, 511 South Spruce Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

i5« Ihh SCROLL, 


Oracle^ Colby. Cincinnatian , Cincinnati. 

Ariel, Vermont. Michigayiensiaii^ Michigan. 

Olio, Amherst. Wolverine, Hillsdale. 

Liber Bruneiisis, Brown. Arbutus, Indiana. 

Coriiellian, Cornell. Souvenir, Wabash. 

Garnet, Union. Blue and Gold, Franklin. 

Columbian, Columbia. Q^^id, Hanover. 

Spectrum, Gettysburg. Mirage, DePauw. 

Pandora, Washington and Debris, Purdue. 

Jefferson. Syllabus, Northwestern. 

Kaldron, Allegheny. Gale, Knox. 

Record of 'gs, Pennsylvania. Badger, Wisconsin. 
Calyx, Washington and Lee. Savitar, Missouri. 
Hellenian, North Carolina. The Ufiiversity that Kansas 
Cap a7id Gown, Sewanee. Built, Kansas. 

Kinetoscope, Mercer. Senior Class Book, Nebraska. 

Corolla, Alabama. Blue and Gold, California. 

Differential, Case. 

This year our library is almost as elaborately stocked as 
last, though we miss old friends from Dartmouth, Syracuse, 
Dickinson, Virginia, Randolph- Macon, Centre, Emory, Ala- 
bama Polytechnic, Mississippi, Tulane, Texas, Ohio State 
and Westminster. In compensation, however, Columbia, 
Sewanee, Mercer, Cincinnati, Hillsdale, Wabash, Franklin, 
Hanover, DePauw, Northwestern and Knox appear either 
for the first time or after longer or shorter absence. There 
is a very practical side to the collection of college annuals. 
The editor of The Scroll, at least, often feels fortunate in 
having one at hand when some question about a college or a 
student, Phi or otherwise, comes up and demands an immedi- 
ate answer. These precious volumes will be consigned 
to our fraternity library, and they will prove valuable for 
reference hereafter as now. The reporters and alumni who 
have remembered The Scroll are gratefully remembered 
in turn. The pictures and stories are better, year after 
year, and some of the annuals have an undesirable artistic 
and literary value. The others are improving steadily or 
fast as circumstances allow, lack of money and poor local 
printers bring often the only hindrance. And many of the 
'grinds* are really funny to strangers, and that is a crucial 
test of a college joke. 

Out of these pictured and printed pages any reader will 


gain an inspiration of youth and hopefulness, of light-hearted 
willingness to try any task under the sun, of gaiety even in 
the face of time, war and examinations. They are good 
books to read and read again, if one reads in sympathy. 

The Kaldron claims to be * a text book of manners and 
morals, compiled for the benefit of the faculty, students and 
friends of Allegheny College.' It is dedicated to President 
McKinley, who was once a student there. On the lists of 
the faculty we find Bros. W. A. Elliott, '89, and C. F. Ross, 
'91. Bro. D. B. Casteel, '99, is au assistant. The rolls 
show 32 seniors, 25 juniors, 46 sophomores and 84 freshmen, 
including co-eds. The Phis have five or six class ofl&cers. 
There are 123 'preps.' The Greeks number: <I» K ^I', 14; 
OTA, 12; ATA, 9; 4> A 0, 20 (8 pledged); K A 0, 15; 
2 A E, 11; K K r, 12; A X 12 (musical), 22. There is a 
chapter of N E, since killed by faculty decree, aud a femi- 
nine burlesque on it called I P E. Of the N E's 5 come 
from ^Y^^,1 from ATA and 1 each from 2 A E and <^ P A. 
In view of the reported withdrawal of the charter of the ATA 
chapter it may be interesting to note that it was, with two ex- 
ceptions, the oldest living chapter of that fraternity, and 
the largest, with 48 resident alumni, enrolling last year 2 
juniors, 1 sophomore, 1 freshman and 5 preps and unclassi- 
fied. * A 0, <l> P A and 2 A E have houses. The Y. M. C. A. 
is strong at Allegheny, aud all the Phis are members, 
the chapter having held the presidency for the last two 
years. The Philo- Franklin seems to be the Phi literary 
society. There are five Phis on the glee club, and Bro. Wey- 
and was winning orator. The chapter does not seem to be 
inclined to take part in military affairs. It has 4 men on the 
Kaldron board (its rivals having 2 each, save <I> K 4^, who has 
none), president of the athletic association, manager of the 
track team, and a good representation in foot ball, basket ball 
and track athletics. The department yclept elsewhere 
'grinds' or 'roasts' the Aa/^r^?;/ appropriately names 'scalds.' 
A new thing is the list of sub rosa Greeks, including one 
young woman 'formerly of * P A' but now 'of 2 A E.' In 
fact, 2 A E is also credited with having lifted one of Theta 
girls from * A 0. 

Bro. W. E. Greene, is editor-in-chief of Lihcr Brunensis 
this year, and a most successful one. Bro. Putney is an as- 
sociate. The fraternities at Brown are given precedence of 
the classes and number : A A <I», 27 ; A <I», 28 ; ^I' Y, 20 ; 
B n, 24 ; A K E, 22 ; Z 4^, 18 ; A X, 15 ; A Y, 25 ; X <I» 
(now local), 20 ; 4> A 0, 21 ; A T O, 29 ; A T A, 15. Fol- 


lowing the chapter lists come some pictures and biographies 
of distinguished alumni, including Presidents Andrews and 
Angell, Professors Fisher and Harkness and John Hay and 
Richard Olney. Then come the faculty and the class lists. 
Bro. Greene proves to be an all around winner from his 
record, and was evidently one of the most popular men in 
the university. Bro. Gifford is foot ball manager, Bros. 
Hapgood and Melendy are on the eleven, Bros. Hanson and 
Hall on the track team, Bro. Hanson on the relay team that 
defeated Pennsylvania. In class officers, editorial positions 
and class teams Rhode Island Alpha gets a good share, and 
comes out strong in the dramatic club and whist club. 
Bro. Greene and Bro. Multer won prizes in declamation and 

The '^^9 ^a^<?; is dedicated to Wisconsin's debaters, *who 
have made their alma mater eminent among American uni- 
versities ' — which, in the language of the typical sophomore, 
*is no joke.' There are no Phis on the editorial board, but 
Bro. N. A. Pardee, '01, has the prize story, and Bros. W. 
A. Curtis, 'S9, and J. H. Bacon, '97, contribute stories. On 
the faculty are Bros. J. E. Da vies, Lawrence, '02 ; E. D. 
Jones, Ohio li'es/eyan, '92 ; E. R. Maurer, Wisconshi, '90; 
W. F. Vilas, Wisconsin, '58, and F. A. Parker. This year 
Bros. A. R. Priest, Pe Pauw, 'in, and B. V. Swenson, 
Illinois, '98, have been added to the list. Bro. Manson 
is tennis champion ; Bros. Reinhard and Fox are on the 
track team ; Hro. Anderson is on the eleven, of which Bro. 
Geilfuss is assistant manager. There are Phis on the 
junior prom, committees, and Bro. Bacon is on the glee club. 
There is one Phi in * A 4> but none in N E, which does 
not seem to be flourishing. 4> A © heads the fraternity lists 
with 2'^) men (Bro. Bagley, of Michigan Beta, is a gradu- 
ate student). Then come B © 11, 2S ; <I> K 4^, 17 ; X 4^, 19 : 
2 X, 1(> ; A Y, 27 ; A T A, l.S ; <I> r A, 23 ; A X, 24 ; 4^ Y, 
20 ; <I» P B (local), 11. All seven of the national sororities 
have chapters. The chapter plates seem to be from special 

Bro. W. A. Oldfather is editor-in-chief of Quid (enclosed 
in the upper part of an interrogation point), the second an- 
nual issued by Hanover. The first came out in 1892 and 
was called The Croiv. The senior class numbers 14, with 
six co-eds. and one Phi (an officer. ) Of juniors there are 13, 
with two Phis (both officers) and one co-ed. There are 20 
sophomores (19 men) and 37 freshmen (23 men), Bro. Jen- 
kins being president. There are 47 preparatory students. 


The fraternities are B n, 13; * r A, 12; 4> A 0, 10; S X, 
10. There is also a chapter of K A 0. Each chapter gives 
a history of its fraternity and the chapter. But two or three 
of the Phis are in the literary societies. Bro. Whallon is on 
the mandolin club and is manager of the eleven, on which 
are four Phis. The Phis are prominent in the Y. M. C. A. 

Sewanee bears a grudge against Chicago for appropriating 
the title of her annual, Cap and Go-nm, Bro. Hodgson, who 
is delegate- elect to Columbus, is on the board of editors this 
year. Bros. White and Thomas (once editor of The Scroll) 
are on the faculty. Bro. Brake is president of the '9S med- 
ics and Bro. Searcy secretary of those of '01. Bro. Harding 
is treasurer of '07 academic. The fraternities are A T ft, 21; 
2 A E, 27; K :t, t); <I> A 0, 29; ATA, 27; K A, 29; H K A, 
5. Beside these, eight other fraternities are represented, in- 
cluding four members of northern K A. There are students 
from 29 states and five foreign countries, almost as many 
coming from Texas, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi or South 
Carolina as from Tennessee. All the chapters have houses 
save II K A, just eatablished, and K A, who is rebuilding 
hers which had burned. 4> A had the first one. Bro. 
Weed is Pan-Hellenic president. <t> A is represented in 
literary societies and college publications, on the track team 
and the eleven, Bro. Wilder being captain of the latter. 
Bro. Parrott, often profanely called 'Polly,' looms up as of- 
ficial scorer for the nine. There are various nameless rib- 
bon societies, to which several Phis belong, and two germ an 
clubs, in which they seem to be leaders. As in all southern 
colleges, there are many state clubs. 

The Hellniian has this year a double claim on our atten- 
tion, with argent and azure as North Carolina's colors, and 
Bro. C. H. Johnston, '98, as editor-in-chief of the annual. 
The editors are chosen by the fraternities, but are principally 
juniors. There are pictures of two or three lone co-eds in 
the various groups. The literary societies (founded in 1 79')) 
and the Y. M. C. A. seem to live in peace with the german 
club, ribbon societies and athletic teams, many of the Y. M. 
C. A. boys being german club members. There are many 
department societies. The (rorgon's Head, Gimghouls, H 2 
and N E still flourish. We notice two or three members 
of K A in N E, n :S and the Gorgon's Head, a condition of 
affairs with which we believe the authorities of that frater- 
nity have promised to deal. Bro. Johnston is an editor of 
the magazine as well as editor-in-chief of the Hel/enian, Bro. 
Winston is captain of the nine and of his class eleven, Bro. 


Donnelly is a member of the honorary fraternity of A <l>, 
Bro. Harris of the dramatic club. The chapter holds a good 
many class offices and is strongly represented in the Y. M. 
C. A., athletics and the literary organizations. It has no 
men in the ribbon societies. North Carolina claimed last 
year ()7() students, of whom 125 were fraternity men : A K E, 
14 : 4> r A, 8 ; B n, r> ; 2 A E, 27 ; Z *, 18 ; AT 12, 10 ; 
K A, 8 ; 4> A 0, 10 : 2 N, 7 ; 2 X, 12 ; K S, 7 ; n K A, :^. 
Fraternities are still forbidden to take men before October 
1 , of their sophomore year. The average chapter is larger 
this year than last, 2 X and A T li having gained most. 

The Sonihero seems to be hung up this year, and a senior 
class book comes in its place from Nebraska. The pictures 
of the class, with biographies and comments of divers sorts, 
fill its pages. Eight Phis are among the seniors, and they 
show Nebraska Alpha to be an up-to-date chapter and a 
leader in society, especially. The local society of A X has 
the president of the senior class and various other honors 
and offices. To an outsider it seems to have a clear lead 
over the two local organizations chartered recently by <J> F A 
and A Y. We are under obligations to A X for numerous 
favors, and trust they may soon reach their goal. They de- 
serve to. Nebraska continues to be a great co-ed school, 
and, as may be seen from statistics given elsewhere, has 
moved up alongside Minnesota, California and Stanford as 
a western fraternity center. 

As at Nebraska, Kansas contents herself with a senior 
class book instead of the conventional annual. This year's 
is styled 'The University that Kansas Built.' A coat of 
arms displays four gorgeous sunflowers, and an owl perched 
on the edge of an ink bottle. The lx)ok is printed on ex- 
pensive papers and eleborately illustrated. The last page 
before the advertisements announces that 'These are the 
men that put up the money that printed the book that broke 
the seniors that worked the frculty that runs the university 
that Kansas built' — from which may be gathered the titles 
of the successive departments between title page and ads. 
We note Bro. lyce's name on the editorial board, but the 
book is evidently issued under non-fraternity influence, as 
the only combinations of Greek letters allowed on its pages 
are <t> B K and :t S. 

The Arbutus comes from the Indiana University seniors, 
on whose board of editors we find Bro. E. P. Wiles. In- 
diana is a school in which the co-ed is a prominent factor. 
K A 0, K K r and n B ^ all have houses, while 2 N begins the 


list for the men. The women students agreed to request 
the presence of chaperons at all fraternity parties last win- 
ter, whereupon there seems to have been a social strike on 
the part of the men for a time. The chaperon comes in for 
much ridicule. Indiana delights to run to history and 
statistics, the latter showing a steady increase in the matri- 
culation of about 100 each year since 1891, rising from 3i)4 
to 1 ,040. The pictures of the seniors are grouped by de- 
partments, those of the teaching staff accompanying them. 
The three women's fraternities (omitting the local A Z B) 
are given precedence in the lists : K A 0, iij; K K r, 25; 
n B *, 22 ; B n, 21 ; 4> A 0, 24 ; ^ X, lo; <|> K *, 
22 ; * r A, 10 ; A T A, 1(5 ; 2 N, 18. Besides these is 
the Skulls of A A 2, a junior fraternity in which <l> A was 
represented last year, but in which she now forbids mem- 
bership at Indiana. Indiana Alpha is woefully top heavy, 
with 9 seniors, 9 juniors, 2 sophomores and 4 freshmen. 
4> K 4^ and 2 N seem to have most of the freshmen. The 
fraternities are introduced by a merry-go- 'round with goats 
as horses, and the independents by a view of the same from 
outside the fence, where sundry savages peep through and 
threaten. Indiana Alpha has one or more representatives 
in each important organization. Her most dangerous rivals 
for the honors seem to be B II and ATA, the latter hav- 
ing a senior who holds half the offices in college. The edi- 
tor-in-chief of the college paper is Miss Myrick, of K A 0. 

It is now some time since the Wabash juniors have sent 
out the OuiafenoJi, though they promise one next spring, 
and the faculty has undertaken to supply the deficiency 
through the Souvenir^ from the press of Thk Scroll's 
printers. It contains historical and descriptive articles, 
many pictures of the town, college, students and faculty, 
and illustrated 'write-ups' of the various departments. The 
student organizations, including the fraternities, have group 
pictures. The Greeks number: B 11, 11; <l> r A, 15; 
* A 0, 15; K 2, 12; A T A, 19; 4> K ^i/, \\\ f the order is not 
chronological). We note Byers and Mitchell in the picture 
of the Wabash board, Byers and Bartholomew with the glee 
club, Byers, Todd and Griesel with the base ball team. 

The Record oi Pennsylvania's class of '9'^ during the past 
five years comes to us from Bro. J. Clark Moore, Jr., to 
whose kindness we owed the copy of the university Record 
of '98, reviewed last year. This is a neat little volume that 
would do credit to some of our smaller colleges, and its pub- 
lication every five years is provided for by the class consti- 


tution. It contains a concise record of the career of each 
member of the class, including all who were at any time 
identified with it, complete statistics (ages, professions, de- 
grees taken, etc.), a record of class officers and suppers 
since graduation, special articles on the various professions, 
a review of the progress of the university since 1893, with 
pictures of notable new buildings. Bro. Moore was presi- 
dent in '97-8 and has figured on three of the five toast lists, 
besides being treasurer of the committee which published 
the book (without a deficit). One member of the class was 
but 21 years and 7 months old on June 1, 1808; he entered 
the Wharton School before he was fifteen, taking a two 
years' course. There are twelve Phis on the roll, and this 
volume will be valuable to our catalogue editor in days to 

The Columbia7i was the first comer this year. After a 
brief summary of the faculty it goes into elaborate fraternity 
lists, in which all members in attendance in any of the de- 
partments, whether active or not, are enrolled : A A <l>, 34 ; 
4^ Y, 40 ; A 4), 28 ; A ^, 2G ; <I> T A, 28 ; ^ K ^, 19 ; A K E, 
38 ; Z ^, 15 ; A X, 19 ; <^ A 0, 22 (besides 6 graduate 
students); A Y, 27 ; 2 A E, 21; ^ X, 26. Including gradu- 
ate students, the total number of fraternity men is given at 
354. Barnard College has K K r and A O n (local). ^ A * 
has 17 seniors and 1^") juniors in the law school, the class of 
'00 being 'not yet elected.' Of the 32 members 28 are 
graduates, 10 being from Yale, 6 from Amherst, 4 from 
Harvard and only one from Columbia. New York Delta 
seems to have been quiescent last year in athletics, but is 
strong in debating and holds several class offices and a place 
in the glee club, as well as on the track team. But eleven 
of the twenty- two Phis given were active members at the 

The Purdue Debris has two editors-in-chief, both mem- 
bers of 5 N, and two business managers. Ex- President Har- 
rison is one of the trustees, and Bros. Miller and Peterson 
are instructors. Among the seniors who issue the book, we 
find Bro. P. H. Batten. There are two Phis on the mando- 
lin club, one on the nine, one on the track team and three 
in the inter- fraternity junior society, the Skulls. Indiana 
Alpha has just passed a by-law against membership in a so- 
ciety of similar name, and 2 X at Purdue takes the same 
stand. There seem to be no Phis in the literary societies 
(which issue the college paper) or the Y. M. C. A. The 
fraternity membership is as follows : 2 X, 17 ; K 2, 12 ; 


2 N, 21 ; * A 0, 15 ; 2 A E, 12. 2 A E and <^ A have 
houses. 2 X, which was established in 1875, is strong in 
local alumni, having 26. * A 0, though but five years old, 
has 16. The others have few or none. President Smart 
is a 2 X. 

Hillsdale issues the Wolverine again this year and presents 
a creditable volume. There are no fraternity men on the 
editorial board. Bro. H. S. Myers is an instructor. The 
academic faculty numbers eight, besides seven tutors. The 
literary societies are prominent factors at Hillsdale. 4> A 
heads the fraternity lists with a membership of 5 ; ATA 
has 9 ; A T a, 15 ; H B ^, 10 ; K K T, 18. There are two 
Phis on the glee club and two on the college quartette. Bro. 
V. G. Myers is president of the athletic association and Bro. 
Woodworth training manager. Bros. Wood worth, Sheldon, 
and V. G. Myers are on the eleven, the latter being captain. 
The closing illustration shows a balloon surmounted by a 
mortar board, flying away with a college graduate. 

Bro. Campbell not only wins enough honors by himself 
for an average chapter at Washington and Lee, but sets an 
example to chapters twenty or thirty times as large as Vir- 
ginia Zeta was last year by sending in a chapter letter as of- 
ten as there is anything new to tell and by furnishing to 
The Scroll early a copy of the Calyx. This volume is 
dedicated to President Wilson. The academic senior class 
numbers 16, of whom 13 are Greeks. The law class of *98 
has 24 men — 17 Greeks. The fraternities are: ^ K ^, 11; 
K A, 14; 2X, 8; 2 A E, 6; ^ T A, 7; 2 N, 7; ^A0, 1; 
K2, 2; A TO, 10: n K A, :*,; M U A, 7; A T A, S. In 
N E we notice 3 K A*s; perhaps this is the chapter that 
was to be called to account. Bro. Campbell is on the track 
team, full back on the eleven, short stop on the nine (and a 
star player in both positions), secretary of the Y. M. C. A., 
an assistant in physics and a scholarship winner straight 

Franklin has roused herself and produced an annual this 
year — a high grade one — but has borrowed the name from 
California. The Blue and (lold has Bro. F. G. Kenny as 
business manager and is published by the juniors. Biogra- 
phies and portraits of six prominent alumni are given, five 
of them Phis. On the faculty the Phis have President Stott 
and Profs. Hall, Owen and Goodell. Bro. Kenny is presi- 
dent of '99 and Bro. Wilson of '01. The editor-in-chief be- 
ing a 2 A E, that society comes first in the fraternity lists, 
with 20 members, a pledged man and an honorary member 


in the faculty. ♦ A B has l-^» initiated and 3 pledged. There 
is a group picture of 'J-'* leading Franklin alumni Phis. 
fl B ♦ and A r A local also have chapters. Indiana Delta 
has a majority of the official positions in athletics, manager 
of the nine and of the eleven, one player on the nine and 
four on the eleven, the tennis champion, as well as business 
manager of the Kodak. It is evident that rivalry with i A E 
is pretty warm, but that <t> A B holds her own with something 
to spare. 

Bro. Harold M. Holland is editor-in-chief of the Knox 
GaU this year and has done all the illustrations • good ones), 
besides. There are two other Phis on the editorial board. 
The book is a clean piece of work — above the average. 
Bros. Griffith and Beadle are on the faculty. President 
Finley, who was graduated in '>^9. may be older than Presi- 
dent Raymond, of West Virginia, but he is certainly the 
youngest looking college president we have seen. 4> A 
has 2<J men, with 42 resident alumni. 4> r A has 1-), with 
10 alumni in town. B B 11 has 16, and there are l"^ Gales- 
burg Betas, n B 4> and AAA also have chapters. Knox 
is a great school for oratory. Gorsuch, B 11, won the 
northwestern inter-state contest this year. Bro. Adcock 
was Illinois delegate to that meeting. \ fac simile of Presi- 
dent Finley's telegram from Beloit is given: 'Gorsuch has 
entered the harbor of Manila and captured the city.' Bro. 
Blodgett was on the debating team and business manager of 
the Student. Bros. Lewis and Parkin were editor-in-chief 
and business manager respectively of the monthly. Bro. 
Brown heads the mandolin club. All three of the athletic 
managers are Phis. Bro. Holland is tennis champion. There 
are three Phis on the eleven and three on the nine, includ- 
ing the captain. In fact, the Y, M. C. A. is about the only 
college organization that does not seem to be in the hands 
of Illinois Delta. It ought to be the easiest thing in the 
world to run a successful chapter house at Knox. 

Bro. W. G. Stephan is editor-in-chief of the Case />/^evr//- 
//V//, and Bro. A. W. Diebold is business manager. A K 
(local; has the only other two fraternity members of the 
board. Bros. Quarrie and Yost are president and secretary 
of '01, respectively, and Bro. Watson treasurer of '9(S. Z Af 
has 8 members ; * A (-), 10 ; 12 4^ (local), 5 ; A K (local), 
14. C-) N E draws from all these but ^ A 0, who has a by- 
law against such membership. In the list of members from 
'00 appears ' a N ' followed by a sign of inequality with 
the open end pointing to *a * A.' It seems that when 


copy was handed in the sign was reversed, but the last time 
proof was read it was changed as we find it, somewhat to 
the discomfiture of the ® N E's. Bro. McDonald is on the 
Integral board. Six of the twelve members of the school 
senate are Phis, as are two of the four student members of 
the athletic executive committee. There are four Phis on 
the eleven, and Bro. Gifford is tennis champion. Hro. Glea- 
son is chairman of the junior prom, committee. The musi- 
cal clubs alone seem to lack Phis. The Differential is full 
of good pictures. One shows the sign 'SLOW,' which is 
suspended over the street car tracks in such a way as to 
make the Adelbert cupola a background The Adelbert 
campus is next door, it will be remembered. 

The A7;/^A75rt?/>^ is dedicated to Bro. P. D. Pollock, (leorgia, 
'So, president of Mercer, ' who has enshrined himself in the 
heart of every Mercer man by his never-failing courtesy and 
genial disposition, and whose indomitable energy and intel- 
ligent effort have compassed such lasting good for the insti- 
tution.' Bros. F. S. Burney and B. M. Callaway are on the 
editorial board, each chapter having two representatives 
and the non- fraternity men four. Bro. Callaway is presi- 
dent of '98, and Bro. Burney orator, the Phis holding a 
good many class offices. In the sub- freshman class we no- 
tice men credited to :S A E, :S N, K S, K A and <l> A 0. We 
trust these men are only pledged. Bro. Callaway is presi- 
dent of the oratorical association. Mercer won the inter- 
collegiate oratorical medal in 181)7, as she did this year, by 
the way. The chapters enroll : 5 A E, 15 ; K A, 21 ; <> A 0, 
22 ; K 2, 16 ; A T O, 12 ; 5 N, 21. The Phi chapter list in- 
cludes Wooster and Illinois Wesleyan, whose charters were 
withdrawn in 181)7. In athletics Georgia Gamma is strong; 
Bro. Turner is captain of the eleven and Bro. Ledbetter full 
back. Bro. Whitney is assistant manager of the eleven and 
manager of the nine, with Bro. Burney as assistant. Bro. 
Turner is manager of the track team. And Mercer stands 
high in athletics. 

The non -fraternity man at Union is the exception, about 
7.") j>er cent, of the academic students being Greeks: K A, 
10; 2 *, 6: A *, S; ^ Y, 21 ; A Y, 17; X ^i/, n;; ^ V A, 14; 
A A 4>, 1(); B 11, ir,; 4) A 0. 16 (by far the best balanced 
chapter — 4 in each class); 4> 2 K (medical department), 14. 
Of the 20 N E's 4 are Phis. Of the elected in 1 S<)7 to :S H 
3 were Phis. In the preparatory department is an academic 
fraternity, n <^, which seems to feed 2 <l> and X 4^, mostly. 
Besides the three 2 S keys, three commencement prizes out 


of twelve went to New York Beta. Two men are on the 
track team, and Bro. Cullen is a student member of the ad- 
visory athletic board and vice-president of the state athletic 
union. There are no Phis on the papers, the nine or the 
eleven, but two are on the glee and mandolin clubs, and 
Bro. Hoyt is on the junior hop committee. Bro. Homsby 
is a member of the darfut board, and Bro. Griffith contrib- 
utes a sketch of the annual, from which we learn that the 
editor-in-chief goes to the fraternities successively in order 
of establishment. The literar>' department is excellent, and 
we have an interesting picture of the famous campus idol, 
which the freshmen always paint in their class colors. 

The Sviiabits is published by the juniors of the college of 
liberal arts at Northwestern. Bro. Andrew Cooke is the 
Phi editor, he and Bro. Buntain being our only men in *99. 
Though Bro. Cooke is in charge of the department of frater- 
nities, 4> A is still required to yield her rightful position 
at the head of the list to a chapter established ten years 
later. How 5 X, with 1^ men < only 2 seniors', came to 
return but •> this fall seems hard to understand. 4> K 2's 
fall from 7 to 4 is not so inexplicable. B IT has a well 
balanced chapter of 1>S; * K 4^, 10; A Y, 14; 4> A 0, 12; 
ATA, 17; 2 .\ E, 6; 5 N, 15. All the national sororities 
have chapters, besides A X 12 musical). Z 4> H (oratorical) 
and ft 4^ (inter-sorority). <l> A is represented in ^ B K, 
N E and Deru T senior). There are Phis in the debating 
clubs. Bro. McCaskey, in tennis, and Bro. Sturgeon, in the 
dashes, are the athletes. Bro. Buntain is in the junior 
play and chairman of the junior prom, committee. The 
Phis are not represented this year on the musical clubs, the 
nine or the eleven. The 'grinds' deal with the rules and 
regulations on social affairs, limiting the fraternities to one 
party a year each, closing at eleven o'clock. 

The Alabama Corolla is dedicated *to the choir invisible of 
the immortal dead, the sons of our alma maler, who laid down 
their lives in defense of their native land.' Bro. Pillans 
was editor-in-chief last year, and this year Bro. White is 
business manager, the editor-in-chief being a A K E. Two 
cla.sses have Phi presidents. Bro. Craig is on the Crimson- 
Willie .staff. Several Phis belong to the literary society and 
three to the Y. M. C. A. The fraternities are: A K E, 28; 
i A E, 23; :iN, 18; 4> A 0, l:^>; A T ft, 17; K A, 7. Bro. 
Boyd is president of the law class, and in the medical class 
at Mobile we notice Dr. G. B. Thomas. The Phis have 
the managers of the nine and of the eleven as well as the 


foot ball captain and the quarter back and a man on the 
nine. They are also strong in music and society. Our 
prominent athlete and society man is Bro. J. F. Black, who 
died while in the army this summer. A sketch is given of 
Bro. G. T. Bestor, who died in his senior year. Alabama 
has co-eds. — fourteen of them. 

The Gettysburg yell, given at the first of the Spectrum, is 
eight lines in length and involves most of the attractive 
features of all up-to-date yells. Bro. Kain is a tutor in 
mathematics, the only Phi on the teaching staff. The num- 
ber of students enrolled is 172 in the four classes, with 79 
in preparatory, 49 in the seminary and '^ graduates; total, 
313. * K 4^ has 11 men; 4> r A, 13; 2 X, 13 (5 of them 
preps.}; * A 0, 9; A T 12, 10 (one prep.). Pennsylvania 
Beta is well represented in the literary socieities and the Y. 
M. C. A., has three men on the glee club, none on the nine 
or the eleven, but a number of good tennis players. There 
are junior, two sophomore and freshman class fraternities. 
Bro. Beerits, on the Spedrmn staff, is the only editorial Phi. 
The Spectrum will be a valuable book for the historian every 
year, it seems. A complete, revised list of the alumni, with 
addresses, is printed, and a full record of the 207 Gettysburg 
boys who fought in the civil war. There are some interest- 
ing pictures of the battle field of Gettysburg. 

Amherst sends her Olio among the very first. Bro. 
Austin is our man on this year's board, Bro. Trefethen is 
permanent secretary of '98, and each of the other three 
classes has one or more Phi officers. Three prizes seem to 
have fallen to Phis, four ^ B K keys, and five out of ten 
places, including editor-in-chief, on the Student board. There 
are three Phis on the choir and three on the glee club, one 
being assistant leader. Bro. Sharp is on the banjo club and 
the mandolin club, and Bro. Baker also is on the latter. Bro. 
Griffin was chairman of the senior prom, committee. Two 
of the four directors and two members of the track team are 
ours. Bro. Whitney is captain of the eleven, and Bro. 
Fisher, freshman director of base ball. Bro. Wright is 
again * college gymnast ' and winner of the prize in heavy 
gymnastics. After the athletic lists follows appropriately 
a picture and description of Pratt Cottage, a new infirmary 
for injured or sick students. The chapters at Amherst are: 
A A *, 31; * Y, 38; A K E, 31; A Y. 27; X ^, 22; X ^, 23; 
B n, 30; A X, 30; 4> A 0, 30; * T A, 9 (of whom four 
were seniors); * K 4^, 35. 



President Buckham. of Vermont, has been quoted recently 
by some sensational western papers as a bitter opponent of 
foot ball on account of its * bnitalitv/ We note from this 
vear*s--^//V/ none the less that a 'varsitv team, with a Peun- 
sylvania coach, is at last a reality. Bro. Forbes is quarter 
back, and other Phis are on the sub list and on the class 
teams. Base ball has always been a strong point with Ver- 
mont, and here \'erraont Alpha keeps right up wiih the pro- 
cession . Pictures of seven of the nine's captains are given , two 
being Phis. There are six in the dramatic club, six in the ger- 
man club, two in the debating club (one is president). Two 
of the five Y. M. C. A. delegates to Xorthfield were Phis. 
There are three on the banjo club and four on the glee club. 
Two of the four captains in the battalion are Phis; there is a 
lieutenant and a sergeant-major, in addition to four or five 
other non-coms. Bro. Blair was on the junior prom, commit- 
tee, and Bros. Patrick and Brooks on that of the military hop. 
Two freshmen had toasts at the banquet. Public exercises of 
any sort include at least one Phi speaker: Bro. Dunham was 
medical valedictorian and Bros. Dolen and Lincoln on the 
academic honor list. Bro. Dolen was a prize winner. Bro. Ray 
was president of '9"), Bro. Andrews of '0^\ and Bro. Dodge of 
'01. The various chapters were : 2 <l>. V\\ 4> A 0, 20; A T Q. 
20; K S. 2o; .\ <l> ( now :i N ), 23. besides two locals enroll- 
ing 13 and 22, respectively. There are two sororities and 
three medical societies, besides <l> B K. 

The Colby Oracle opens the fraternity lists with ' Who 
Caught the Freshman ? ' 

* 1,' said the Deke. 

' 1 had but to speak. 

.\nd I caught tlie freshman. 

Oh my ! ' said the Phi. 
' That's all in your eye ; 
I caught the freshman.' 

•Wait.' said the Zete. 
' You fished and cut bait, 
But I caught the freshman,' 

* Now,' said Alpha Tau, 

'I'll never tell how. 

But I caught the freshman.' 

* Pooh ! ' said D. U. 

' I caught the whole crew, 

/caught the freshman,' 

'Come off I said the Neuter. 
• Who wants to dispute yer ? 
Go west with your freshman !* 

A K E has 2(k Z ^^ 22; A Y, 27; ^ A 0, 21; A T ft, 20. 
There is one stray 4^ Y and one A X . The Barbarians 
number 15, there being but two left in '00 and in '90. The 
co-eds have two local societies. The Phis have the chair- 
man and another member of the conference board, or senate. 
They have their share of class offices, of orators, debaters 


and declaimers. Bro. Towue is full back on the eleven, 
and a number are on the track team. Bro. Brown is on the 
orchestra and manager of the glee club, which enrolls two 
other Phis. There are two in the banjo club. The. Y. M. 
C. A. has a good many Phi members, and there are several 
editors. Bro. Towne was on the sophomore reception com- 

We find Bros. Updegraff , Cory and White in the faculty 
list that opens the Savitar. The only class oflSce the Mis- 
souri Phis seem to have is the presidency of '09, engineer- 
ing, Bro. Thompson is the sole literary society member, 
but the law club has two Phis. Bro. Broderick is captain 
of the nine. Bro. Dunlop is on the track team, and the 
battalion swarms with Phi officers, Bro. HnglivSh being ma- 
jor and Bro. Switzler adjutant. <^ A heads the chapter 
lists with 21 men. She has 11 resident alumni. 2 A E has 
20 members; 2 N, 20; B n, !(>; K A, 18; 2 X, 17. * A * 
has two Phis, N E has three, and the new senior society 
Q E B H has two Phi charter members. Missouri Alpha 
is evidently a leader in society as well as in the military, and 
she has her athletic and literary 'stars' ready for an}'^ emerg- 
ency. There are no Phis on this year's Savitar board, but 
Bro. Broderick has been chosen on the '00 staff. 

Considerable interest naturally attaches to the (mcijinat- 
ian. The university of Cincinnati is a subject with which 
recent readers of The Scroll and The Palladiutn are surely 
familiar. The new chapter there is pretty well known to 
most of us now, too. The annual is issued by the senior 
class, and a member of S A E is editor-in-chief. All depart- 
ments of the university are fully represented in faculty and 
class lists, and the total attendance for the year is given as 
1,003. 2 X has seven members, all freshmen, the chapter 
having been rescued from destruction by a loyal alumnus 
last fall. 2 A E has 17 men; B n, IS. Each has from 10 
to 20 men in the professional departments. B IT is strongly 
represented on the faculty, and 2 X has three or four mem- 
bers. AAA and V. C. P. are the sororities. F N 2 is cred- 
ited with 11 members. There are chapters of <l> A ^ and 
N 2 N in the professional departments. Bro. Kemper was 
on the eleven and track team. The sophomore eleven has 
four Phis. Bros. Kemper and McGill were on the glee club 
and Bro. Schlemmer on the mandolin club. Bro. McGill 
was on the students' executive committee. Bro. Kemper 
contributes a poem. There is a 'roast' on r N 2, styling it 
the * Buttermilk Club.' The calendar is more logically 


styled the almanac. It seems that the faculty took steps to 
prevent the publication of * roasts' on their august body, 
and thai the publication of this issue was delayed by the 
seniors until after they had received their diplomas. Bro. 
Stovall is to be business manager of the next Cincinnatian. 

The preface to the Miragt contains a summary of the 
events in university history since De Pauw issued her last 
annual, two years ago. Bros. Stephenson and Priest are 
on the faculty, Bro. Priest being succeeded this fall by Bro. 
Walker. Each department has a special article, which, 
along with the preface seems intended for the outside reader, 
the prospective student or uninformed alumnus. The five 
sororities are given precedence in the chapter lists, being 
followed bv Ben, lH; A K E, 22; 4> A 0. 26; * F A, 15; 
* K ♦, 23; S X, 20: A T A. ^; A Y, 16; 5 N, 14. The Phis 
give 1877 as the year their chapter was established and fail 
also in their last circular letter to remember that Indiana 
Zeta dates from 1^68. The chapter holds no class oflSces, 
but has president and treasurer of the athletic association 
and three of the nine directors. Bro. Roller is foot ball cap- 
tain, and Bro. Ruick is on the nine. The Phis won three 
track events, too. De Pauw is greatly proud of her record 
in oratorv; Knox alone can beat it. She has won eleven cut 
of twenty-four state contests and has five times been victor in 
the inter state. The mandolin club is made up almost en- 
tirely of Phis, and the glee club seems to be largely in their 
hands. Among the charter members of the new N E 
chapter we notice Bro. Elmer C. Henderson, Westminster^ 
'0:j. CD A had two '9S men in N E and one from 'i)9. The 
organization is said to have a by-law excluding * K ^. 
r T 11 is a feminine imitation of N E. 

The Miehiganensiayi relapses from its '97 form of a well- 
behaved book to the conventional dimensions, this year. It 
has a prize story and poem and several contributions by out- 
siders, including a symposium on * The College Graduate in 
Politics,' in which many public men participate. There are 
three Phis on the faculty : Bros. Taylor, Dixon and Abbott; 
two on the .senior committees. Bro. Bleazby is treasurer of 
the sophomore class, Bro. Barr is vice-president of the ora- 
torical association, Bro. Treadway is on the glee club, Bro. 
Pendill on the banjo club, and Bros. Hoover and Pendill on 
the mandolin club. The chapter does not seem be cultivat- 
ing athletics this year. The fraternities are: X 4^, 19; A A 4>, 
28; A K E, 18; 2 ^, 20; Z 4^, 20; 4^ Y, 35; B H, 21; <^ K *, 
22; A Y. 20; A T A, 10; ^ A 0, 21 ; 2 A E, 22; * A X, 16; 


2 X, 23; K 2, 19. Eight sororities flourish, and there are 
two law fraternities (two Phis being members of <t A 0), 
four medical, one pharmacal and two dental fraternities, be- 
sides the masonic club. Bro. Lowrie is a member of N 2 N. 
The managing editor of the Michi^ajicyisian is a member of 
B n. H. S. Pingree, Jr., is a member of A A <^ and Eu- 
gene Field, Jr., of Z 4^. 

California's Blue arid Gold, as last year, is one of the lead- 
ers in artistic finish. A picture that serves as a sort of 
trade-mark and refrain at intervals is one of Kemble's bears 
prancing along with a book in one paw. Bro. McDuffie, 
who is this year business manager of the university daily 
and a recent initiate of Skull and Keys, is on the staff. A 
summary of students shows 2281 in the university, of whom 
906 men and ()59 women are at Berkeley and 71<> in the pro- 
fessional schools in San Francisco. The fraternities are Z *, 
8; X *, 17; A K E, 21; B n, 21; 4> A (who should stand 
second instead of fifth on the list), IS; 2 X, S; <I> r A, 18; :i N, 
21; 2 AE, 18, X^', 14; K A, 12; A Y, 23; ATA, 18. There 
are three sororities. X <l> seems to be strongest in Skull and 
Keys and N E. 4> A ^ has a chapter. Bro. Creed is edi- 
tor-in-chief of the California)!, with two Phis on his staff, 
Bro. Brown being on the publication board. Bro. Smith, 
who will be remembered as delegate to the Indianapolis 
convention, is leader of the glee club and a member of the 
mandolin club. The chapter does not seem to cultivate 
athletics (save tennis), debate, military drill or the V. M. 
C. A. Bro. Reinhardt, '97, seems to have been a soldier, 
however. Some fun is poked at the Phis for announcing a 
new house every spring and then failing to build. The 
regents with their plan for Greater California are not doing 
all the building in Berkeley, we are told. Clippings from 
San Francisco dailies of May, 189(), and 1897, follow. The 
first telling of a *cozy little home' and the second of an 'im- 
posing structure' of 'stone, finished in hard w^oods.' Tw-o 
are added, the last for May, 1904, referring to a 'palace' of 
'marble throughout' and a San Francisco .sky-scraper, which 
is to be moved to Berkeley and 'modified into a club house.' 
California Alpha can afford to laugh at the joke with much 
comfort now. 

The Pandora assures us on the title page that ' 'Tis bet- 
ter to be slandered than not to be noticed.' This volume is 
dedicated to a distinguished alumnus of Washington and 
Jefferson — Governor James A. Beaver. A new feature is 
* critiques on advance sheets ' by members of the faculty. 


On the faculty are Bro. McClelland, professor of English 
and librarian, and Bro. Rule, tutor. The Phis have several 
class offices, manager of the musical clubs and four mem- 
bers, good representation in literary societies, dramatics and 
the Y. M. C. A. In athletics Bro. A. Eicher, Jr., now in 
Manila, seems to have been a star, being vice-president of 
the association, right end and captain-elect of the eleven and 
short stop on the nine. There are 227 men in the four college 
classes, and 7<> preps. The fraternities have: B n, 15 ; 
4> r A, 1 1 ; A T A, 14 ; ^ K 2, 11 (two preps) ; <^ K 4^, 13 ; 
* A 0, 14 ; K 2, D (two preps.). B n, lost four active 
members by the war, ATA and <l> K 4^ three each, and* A 
two, besides a West Point cadet. The college sent twenty- 
four under-graduates to the front. 

The Cornellian is another delight to lovers of artistic vol- 
umes. It is dedicated to Prof. Benjamin Ide Wheeler, A A *, 
whose serial biography of Alexander the Great begins in 
this mouth's Century. There is a great deal of just jubila- 
tion over Cornell's aquatic victories throughout the book. 
The summary of students shows 1,790, besides 252 summer 
school and short course students, whom many universities 
are glad to count. The fraternities are: Z *, 2o; X <>, 19; 
K A, 21; A A *, 22; <> K 4^, 22; X 4^, 29; A Y, 24; A K E, 
2(); A X, 24; 4> A 0, 30; B II, 21; 4^ Y, 27; A T ft, 21; 
<^r A,24; 4> :iK, 17; ATA, 22; 2^,21; 2X, 21; A <>, 11; 
K 2, 22, There are four sororities and a law society, be- 
sides. The class or inter- fraternity fraternities are numer- 
ous. Bro. Wynne is in the Sphinx Head, Bro. Whiting in 
Quill and Dagger, Bros. Whiting and Wynne in the Mer- 
maid, Bros. Whiting and Haskell in Thelima (Bro. Whiting 
being president), Bro. Short in the Mummy. Bros. Bass- 
ford, Ihlderand Zeller are in the fencing club. Bro. Wynne 
is leader of the glee club and Bro. Bassford of the banjo club. 
Bro. Whiting is also on the glee club. Bro. Ihlder is on 
the freshman crew. Bros. Denipsey, Hackett and Whiting 
are on the eleven, and Bro. Haskell is on the nine. Bro. 
Bassford was on the fencing team that beat Pennsylvania. 
Among the thirty or forty wearers of the 'varsity 'C are 
seven Phis — a remarkable showing. There are three Phis 
on the faculty, one being president of the local chapter of 
2 H. Of the twelve members of '97 elected to <^ B K, 
nine are women. 

Some may think that this is a profitless list of petty hon- 
ors, dry and long drawn out. Other some will be glad to 
have the opportunity to compare chapter membership, lines 


of special activity and many another valuable hint as to the 
real standing of the chapter and the college represented by 
the annual. We are under many obligations to our friends 
who have remembered The Scroll.. We bespeak a con- 
tinuance of the kindness, and we assure the chapters that 
these records of their doings will be duly consigned to the 
fraternity library. 

Hugh Th. Miller. 


Bro. Frank D. Swope has on several occasions rescued 
fraternity badges from pawnbrokers or from wearers who 
evidently had no right to them, and has restored them to 
their original owners or to the general officers of the fra- 
ternity concerned. Phi Kappa Psi was twice the recipient 
of courtesies of this nature at the hands of Brother Swope, 
and at the last convention tendered him a vote of thanks. 
Brother Swope' s note of acknowledgment appears in the 
Shield of July 15, under the title 'Inter- Fraternity Cour- 
tesy.' It is followed by this editorial note: 

Mr. Swope is a member of Phi Delta Theta, and on two occasions 
has performed little acts of inter-fraternity courtesy of marked inter- 
est to Phi Kappa Psi. In recognition of these services, the last CVrand 
Arch Council passed a resolution thanking Mr. Swope for his interest 
and pains. 

The Key of K K T gives Brother Swope's letter in full, 
remarking that O K 4^ 'has accomplished something abso- 
lutely original in fraternity history.' The letter follows: 

My Dkar Mr. Gretzinger — Permit me to thank you, and through 
3P0U, Mr. Van Cleve and the Phi Kappa Psi convention, for the vote 
of thanks tendered me by your recent national convention, as noted 
in The Shield, for a copy of which I am also indebted to you, I ap- 
preciate the action of your Fraternity the more because it was so 
wholly unexpected by me, and because in my experience I do not re- 
call another instance of the same sort. I am pleased also because 
such incidents as these mark the progress of inter-fraternity relations 
and a breaking away from the old spirit of malice that prevailed so 
largely when I was initiated into Phi Delta Theta Fraternity seven- 
teen years ago. I recall that at that time there was an absurd report 
in circulation that our Fraternity had a negro chapter in the south. 
The report was, of course, without foundation, and, although promptly 
denied, continued for years to circulate in the Greek press, making 
its annual appearance during the active recruiting period. The cir- 
culation of this report was malicious, as you can see if you should 
have the opportunity to refer to the files of the fraternity publications 
of the early *80s, and note the abuse, insults, and epithets which the 
editors customarily hurled at each other. 


Any incident of inter-fraternal spirit tending to better the feeling 
between fraternity rivals and to reduce the possibility of the recur- 
rence of such unpleasant experiences as your fraternity and mine has 
had with chapters in the northwest, ought to be welcomed by all who 
have the best interests of the college fraternity at heart. The best 
fraternities all have a field of usefulness that is enhanced, in my opin- 
ion, by an honorable and dignified rivalry, with which the spirit of 
courtesy should not only be consistent but highly desirable. 

Please remember me to Mr. Van Cleve, of whose long and valuable 
services in l)ehalf of your Fraternity I am cognizant. 

Frank D. Swope. 

Louisville, Ky., June 1. 1898. 


Johu Henry Outland, full back and captain of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania foot ball team of '08, was born at 
Hesper, Kansas, in 1N75. He played right half back on the 
Kansas University team for one year. Upon entering Penn- 
sylvania, in 1890, he played on the 'varsity *scriib' his first 
year; he filled the position of tackle on the regular team in 
1807 and is now full back and captain. Bro, Outland weighs 
195 pounds, is o feet 10*2 inches tall, is extremely popular 
with his team and, best of all, he is a loyal Phi. 

J. H. R. A. 


* There were many Eugene Fields. Like the Apostle, he 
was all things to all men, and much to many. Curiously 
enough the Kugene Field of Julian Hawthorne was diamet- 
rically the opposite of George W. Cable's Eugene Field.* 

This is the way Francis Wilson begins his little book of 
reminiscences on 'The Eugene Field I Knew.' He says 
that Field was wellnigh idolized in Chicago and could not 
be tempted to leave there. 

' To " Bill Nye ' ' he was an eccentric but charming com- 
panion, and James Whitcomb Riley, wondering at his versa- 
tility of talent, found Field "an isolated character running 
counter to any prior opinion that might have been formed of 
him." He was a terror to politicians, a Homer to the chil- 
dren, and different to, as well as from, everybody. He bore 
unique relations to each of his friends and acquaintances, as 
many of them have eloquently and affectionately testified.* 

His sonorous voice, unconventional manners and mag- 
netism made him the center of any group he chanced to 
mingle in. He attracted people as far removed as possible 
seemingly from the work in which he was engaged, and the 


consequence was that he made bibliomaniacs and collectors 
of a host of persons who had before felt no interest in litera- 
ture. His devotion to his friends was beautiful. His chief 
recreation consisted chiefly in the task of illuminating poems 
and in writing dedicatory addresses in presentation copies of 
books which he gave away. He despised shams, ignorance, 
and pretension ; but so winsome was his nature, so tender 
were his strains in praise of childhood, so convinced were 
people of his honesty and his civic pride, and so drawn were 
they to him by his magnetic p)ower, that many of those whom 
he publicly ridiculed stood with bowed heads about his coflBn. 
Field was in happiest mood, says Mr. Wilson, while read- 
ing aloud to a friend vSome such production as the poems of 
* The Sweet Singer of Michigan.' 'His dry, shy little 
chuckle (I never heard him laugh heartily) attracted you, 
if you were observing, while his criticisms were irresistible.* 
His *0h, isn't that lovely!' as he would crow and narrow 
his shoulders in delight, when he met some especially crude 
line, as 

While on earth he done his duty, 

was very mirth-compelling. Field was an inveterate prac- 
tical joker, but his jokes seldom failed to endear their vic- 
tims to him. They were pure waggery and most people felt 
complimented when made the butt of such jokes. Mr. Wil- 
son says : 

* He was one of the journalists who once accompanied Carl 
Schurz from St. I^ouis on a political campaign through Mis- 
souri. At one of their halting-places, the gentleman who 
was to introduce Mr. vSchurz did not put in an appearance. 
It was suggested that Field make the introductory remarks. 
The audience was large and expectation ran high. Field 
puffed out his chest and, assuming a superdignified manner 
and a strong German accent, addressed the meeting as fol- 
lows : 

' Ladies and gentleniens. I have such a severe colt dot T can not 
make me a speedg to-night, but I haf die bleasure of to introduce to 
you my prilliant young chournalisticgompanion, Mr. Eucheene Fielt, 
who will spheak in my blace.' 

' With this Mr. Schurz was presented, it is said, in no 
very pleasant frame of mind. The explanation which fol- 
lowed caused uproarious laughter. One can but marvel at 
Field's temerity, for he was wholly unknown at the time.' 

Mr. Wilson says Field had all the qualities of a successful 
actor, and, had his lot been cast with the players, he would 
have risen far above mediocrity. His powers of mimicry 


were unsurpassed, and, as showing his wonderful versatility, 
we are told that for his friends of the cloth he wrote the most 
beautiful prayers and made charming paraphrases of the 
Psalms. He thought he always had to preach some little 
verses to get through Christmastide. 

Despite all Eugene Field's practical jokes, he was more of 
a scholar than he got credit for. He was * a hard sitter at 
books/ or, rather, a hard Her at them, for he did most of his 
reading in bed. Horace was his favorite. Few books, he 
thought, were wTitten in vain, and he had no sympathy with 
the constant cry of overproduction. His library was a re- 
markable collection of books, many of them * Fool Books,* 
as he called them, from which he got many quaint sugges- 
tions for copy for his newspaper work. 

Here is Field's first verse, written in 1870, although he 
did not begin to write verse regularly till he was nearly forty: 

I count my treasures o'er with care — 

The little toy my darling knew ; 

A little sock of faded hue, 
A little lock of golden hair. 

which strongly suggests his later poem, * Little Boy Blue.* 
It is too early to determine what place the evolution of our 
literature will assign to Eugene Field. It remains to be seen 
whether or not the books of quotations, those not always in- 
fallible tests of familiarity or popularity, while giving space 
to Paul Moore Jones, Ellen Sturgis Hooper, Eliza Cook, N. 
P. Willis, and Jefferson Davis, and denying it to John G. 
Saxe, Stephen A. Douglas, Henrv Ward Beecher, William 
Edgar CBill*) Nye. James Whi'tcomb Riley, and W. H. 
Gilbert, will find a quotable line in the works of Engene 

As far as can be judged from a wholly popular point of 
view\ Mr. Wilson thinks, *A Little Book of Western Verse * 
will dwell longest of any of Field's writings in the hearts 
and minds of the multitude. But Field himself was not of 
this opinion. He thought ' Echoes from the vSabine Farm * 
set down for that distinction. — lyie IJtcrary Digest. 


Captain Allen E. Whiting, better known to Cornellians as 
*Mike' Whiting, was graduated from Cornell last June with 
the degree of LL. B. and has returned this year to take 
graduate work. His home is in Holyoke, Mass., where he 
prepared for Cornell at the Holyoke high school. Captain 


Whiting is an illustration of what conscientious study of the 
game, persistence, pluck and enthusiasm can accomplish. 
As a freshman he aspired to foot ball honors but was unable 
to get a place on the 'varsity. The second year he met with 
no better success, but he stuck to the game, playing on the 
*scrub.' His work the third year was better, and he was 
given an occasional chance on the 'varsity. Last year, due 
to the able coaching of 'Pop' Warner, Whiting developed 
from an ordinary player into a star. He improved every 
day in his work; his speed seemed to increase, and his 
dodging ability reminded one of the lamented Osgood. He 
closed the season with a brilliant record and was rewarded 
with the captaincy of the '98 'varsity. His playing this 
year has steadily improved, in spite of the captaincy: he 
has the confidence and good will of all players and candi- 
dates. Captain *Mike* Whiting, the running half back, 
will long be remembered by Cornellians. 

Raymond D. Starbuck comes from Glen Falls, N. Y., and 
is a brother of the famous Starbuck of Cornell's '94 team. 
His position is full back, and he makes an able side partner 
to Captain Whiting, giving New York Alpha a second star 
in this year's athletic galaxy. 

K. E. W. 



Captain Charles S. Aldrich, Io~a*a^ '90, Co. H, 49lli Iowa, Jacksonville. 

Sergeant-major Mahlon F. Ivins, Dickinson, '01 , 4th New Jerse}-, Sea 
Girt, N. J. 

First Sergeant Henry K. Wheeler, Xchraska, '97, Sth Cavalry U. S. A., 
Ft. Meade, S. D. 

Sergeant Louis R. Wright, Mifinesota, '01, Co. L, l')th Minnesota, 
Middletown, Pa. 

Dr. F. S. McKinney, IVooster, '9(), hospital corps, Sth Ohio, Santiago. 

Seaman A. H. Kessler, Michigan, '9-1, Michigan naval reserves, U. S. 
S. y'osemitt: 

Private F. S. Angell, C. C. N. V., '90 (Colutnhia, '«>2;, Troop C. New 
York Volunteer Cavalry, Porto Rico. 

Private Oscar W. Gorenflo, Michigan, '98 {Lansing, '97), Wld Mich- 
igan, Tampa. 

Private Benjamin A. Wright, Virginia, '97, Troop H, 1st Ohio Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, Tampa. 

Private Edward L. Shinn, Lombard, '9J), hospital corps, <5th Massachu- 
setts, Porto Rico. 

IHh SCROLL. 183 

Private Wellington Harlan, Centre, '93, 2d Kentucky, Chickamauga 

(died September 20, 1898). 
Private Harry S. Murphy, Lombard^ '02, Co. C, 6th Illinois, Porto 

Rico (now ill with fever at home). 
Private Fred A. Hartung, Allegheny, '99, reserve ambulance Co. , 7th 

corps, Jacksonville (recently ill at home with typhoid fever). 
Private Louis B. Bowker, Ohio Wesleyan, '01, hospital corps, 3d divis- 
ion, 7th corps, Jacksonville (at home recovering from typhoid fever). 
Private A. T. Day, Io7va Wesleyau, '00, hospital corps, U. S. A., Ft. 

Sheridan,, HI. 
Private C. D. Mead, De Paint', '98, hospital corps, U. S. A. 
I*rivate D. F. B. Shepp, Lehigh, '98, 8th Pennsylvania, Camp Meade, 

* Shellman * Eric M. Lubeck, Chicago, '00, Chicago naval reserves, U» 

S. S. Oregon, Santiago. 



G. B. Baskervill, Vanderbilt, '01, is in Co. E, 12th In- 
fantry U. S. A. 

Lee W. Branch, Emory ^ '91, was in Co. B, od Georgia, 
instead of Co. F. 

B. D. Whedou, Nebraska, '99, who was mustered in as 
sergeant-major is now second lieutenant, 

Mark Hutchins, Washington and Lee, '98, is a clerk in the 
commissary department at Anniston, Ala. 

Major R. A. Barr, Vanderbilt, '92, surgeon of the 1st 
Tennessee, has been appointed division surgeon. 

Bro. Eric M. Lubeck, Chicago, '00, was * shellman ' on 
the Oregon at the time of the destruction of Cervera's fleet. 

R. W. Haggard, iVebraska, 98, sergeant Co. K, 2d Ne- 
braska, has just recovered from a long siege of typhoid fever. 

Lieut. James B. Kemper, Cinci7inati, '00, is en route on the 
transport Senator for Manila to join his regiment, the 14th 
Infantry U. S. A. 

A. K. Foot, Tulane, '96, was in Co. D, 3d Virginia, in- 
stead of 2d Virginia. He has resumed his work at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. 

Besides Bros. Hinrichs, Bell, McCain and Scotten, already 
reported, Bro. B. K. Craig, of Alabama Alpha, has been ap- 
pointed to West Point. 


Jesse B. Williams, hidianapolis, '96, who was with the field 
hospital at Tampa, Fernandina and Huntsville, has been at 
home for some time sick with fever. 

Ben X. Smith, Knox, '90, judge advocate with rank of 
major, was not at Manila but at Camp Gale, California, 
with the Utah artillery, at the close of the war. 

Lieut. E. H. Agnew, Kansas, '97, of the 20th Kansas, 
Co. D, has been captain and right end of his regiment's foot 
ball team, which has played Stanford and California. 

H. H. Haning, Ohio, '94, had not been mustered in at 
the close of the war and should be omitted from the list. 
His company was formed for the expected third call. 

H. H. Potter, Knox, '01, and H. S, Murphy, Lombard, 
*02, who were with the Oth Illinois in Porto Rico, have re- 
turned to Galesburg. Bro. Murphy is quite ill with fever. 

The company commanded by Capt. Jesse W. Clark, loica 
Wesleyan, '91, won first prize in the competitive drill of 
Kansas, Tennessee and Iowa companies at the Presidio. 

Frank S. Angell was with Troop C of the New York Vol- 
unteer Cavalry during the Porto Rico campaign and took 
part in the battle of Coamo. He left a good law practice in 
New York to enlist. 

L. A. Curtis, Wisconsin, '94, now second lieutenant of Co. 
I, 12th Infantry U. S. A., was a private in Co. G, 1st Wis- 
consin, instead of an officer. He is a son of Charles A. Cur- 
tis, captain U. S. A. (retired). 

Dr. F. S. McKinney is praised in high terms by the Pitts- 
burgh Dispatch for his efficient work at Santiago as a mem- 
ber of the hospital corps of the 8th Ohio. Over 500 men 
were under his care at one time. 

Lieut. H. E. Gettier, Gettysburg , '93, who has been sta- 
tioned at Jacksonville with the volunteer medical corps, has 
been made a member of the board of physicians examining 
the 2d U. S. V. I., preparatory to muster out. 

The Phi soldiers in the 28th Kansas, the 51st Iowa and 
the 1st Tennessee are now well out on their long voyage to 
Manila. The Kansas men are on the Indiana, the lowans 
on the Pennsylvania, and Major Barr, of the 1st Tennessee, 
is on the Zealandia, There are now sixteen Phis en route 
for the Philippines and twelve already on the ground, be- 
sides any who may not have been rep)orted to The Scroll. 


Wellington Harlan, Ceyitre, *93, a nephew of Judge John 
M. Harlan, of the U. S. Supreme Court, was with the 2d 
Kentucky at Chickamauga until the first of September, when 
he fell ill with typhoid fever. He was taken home to Har- 
rodsburg, Ky. , where he died two weeks later. 

At the ' semi-annual spread ' of the Y. M. C. A. of the 
University of California, on the evening of October 26, the 
chief speaker was Bro. E. W. Hearne, Iowa Wesley an, '94, 
first lieutenant in the 51st Iowa and now en route to Manila. 

Bro. E. L. Shinn, Lombard, '96, has just returned from 
Porto Rico on a furlough, having been there in the hospital 
corps of the 6th Massachusetts since the day Gen. Miles 
landed. His address at present is 371 Broadway, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

Gen. Henry V. N. Boynton, K. M, /., '5S, now in com- 
mand at Chickamauga as senior brigadier-general, enter- 
tained the investigating commission on its recent visit there. 
Gen. Bovnton has closed a deal for the transfer of Point 
Park, Lookout Mountain, to the Chickamauga Park commis- 
sion, of which he is president. 

Capt. Chas. S. Aldrich, of the 49th Iowa, is l^w partner 
at Marshalltown, Iowa, of his classmate, Graham W. Law- 
rence, Iowa, '95. Capt. Aldrich was graduated at Iowa in 
law in 1896. He this fall declined the Democratic nomina- 
tion for congress from his district in order to remain with 
his company, which will go to Cuba with Fitzhugh Lee. 

In the first issue of the Nebraskan this fall is given an in- 
teresting letter from Lieut. Phil. W. Russell, '98, to Chan- 
cellor MacLean. Bro. Russell was signal officer during the 
voyage to Manila and was consequently relieved of a good 
m my less agreeable duties. On the night of August 3 his 
company moved into the entrenchments facing the Spanish 
lines. They worked all day in the rain and were attacked 
that night, but suffered no losses. The letter was written 
before the final assault was made, and Bro. Russell says 
'We are ready for whatever turns up, only we want it quick; 
the delays are the hardest thing we have to put up with.' 
The following sentence is very characteristic of the lieuten- 
ant as we knew him: 'This sort of thing has all the interest 
of a foot ball game, but we miss the girls.' In an article on 
'Greeks in Absentia' in the Nebraskan , a writer asks *And 
who will take Phil Russell's place to set the social example 
for aspiring freshmen ? ' 


Harrison Goff Kimball, Pennsylvayiia, '96, is the third 
Phi soldier whose death we have to record. He returned 
from Porto Rico with Battery A, Pennsylvania Light Artil- 
lery, early in September, suffering with typhoid fever. He 
seemed to improve for a while but had a relapse and died on 
October 13, at the Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. He 
was in his twenty- fourth year. Since his graduation he had 
been unusually successful for a young man as an architect, 
and when the war broke out he was making a name for him- 
self as an illustrator for leading magazines. 

F. A. Hartung, Allegheny, '99, enlisted in July in the 
hospital corps of the regular army. After spending a few 
days in the training school for nurses, at Washington city, 
he was assigned to the reserve ambulance company of the 
7th corps, at Jacksonville. As sickness increased among 
the volunteers, in August, Bro. Hartung was detailed for 
duty in the 2d division hospital corps, where he held out 
against typhoid fever for a month. He was then f urloughed 
and has been ill ever since at his home in Harmony, Pa. 
He was often with Bro. L. B. Bowker, Ohio Wesleyan, '01, 
who was counted one of the best men in his corps, which 
was largely made up of college men. The prominent part 
college fraternity men played in the war is shown by Bro. 
Hartung' s remark that in his ambulance company were rep- 
resentatives of ten fraternities. 

Colonel Frederick Funston, of the 20ih Kansas, delayed 
his departure for Manila too long. He was forced to capit- 
ulate unconditionally on October 25 to one of the California 
belles. The wedding took place at the home of the bride, 
in Oakland, on the eve of the colonel's departure. Our new 
sister was Miss Kda Blankart, well known in musical circles 
in Oakland and San Francisco, one of the nicest and pret- 
tiest girls in Oakland, so we are sorrowfully informed by a 
civilian Phi who wonders why he could not have been a 
colonel. The following paragraphs are clipped from the 
San Francisco Chronicle of October 25 : 

Colonel I'unstoti, the youngest commander of a regiment in all the 
armies of the United States, has been ordered to sail to-morrow after- 
noon on the Indiana. The wedding ceremony was to have been per- 
formed to-morrow night, but the hurried orders for embarkation of 
the troops compelled its hastening. 

Since the departure for Manila of General King, Col. Funston has 
been in command of the second brigade of the independent division, 
and has received the commendation of all his superiors for his soldier- 
ly qualities. Not long ago General Miller sent a recommendation to 
the President that Funston be promoted to a brigadier>generalship. 


He is a graduate of the Kansas University, a member of the college 
fraternity, Phi Delta Theta, a traveler of the widest range, a writer 
and lecturer, and, in spite of his comparative youth, a soldier of great 
experience. For two years he servea as an officer of artillery in the 
Cuban army, rising from the rank of captain to that of colonel, com- 
manding the whole Cuban artillery. One step in his rise came about 
by the death of Major Osgood, the great foot ball player, who was 
killed by the Spaniards, and to whose rank Funstou succeeded. Be- 
fore his Cuban experience Funston nearly lost his life in Death Valley, 
and was among the first to shoot the White Horse rapids, three years 
before Dawson City was thought of. 

The best man at the wedding will be Professor Vernon Lyman Kel- 
loggi of the chair of entomology at Stanford University, an old class- 
mate of Colonel Funston at college and a fraternity brother. 

The short acquaintance of the young people attaches to their mar- 
riage an element of romance, as well as does the fact that they are so 
soon to be separated. Colonel Funston will be joined in Manila by 
his wife, who will take passage on the China steamer. 

We learn from the Chronicle of the day following that 
Colonel Funston*s wedding delayed the departure of the 
whole expedition twenty- four hours, as he was allowed leave 
of absence for that time, and the loading of the other trans- 
ports depended on getting the Kansas troops out of the way. 
Mrs. Funston caught her last glimpse of the colonel from 
the deck of a tug, which followed the fleeting transport past 
the Presidio. She might have gone with him to the Philip- 
pines, but that duty to her father restrained her. He is 
traveling in the east and has not yet been informed of her 
sudden marriage. His daughter feared to pain him by ex- 
iling herself from America without his knowledge, and so 
bade farewell to her husband on the wharf just before the 
Indiana cast off her moorings. 

Colonel Funston called out from the bridge to the Kansans 
who were bidding their sweethearts good-bye : 'vSay what 
you have to say, men, and say it quick.' 

Pretty Mrs. Funston laid a small hand on his shoulder 
and whispered a word or two. Funston called again, but in 
milder tones: * You can take a little more time to say it.' 

Colonel Funston, escorting some visitors to the gangplank, 
ordered a sailor guarding the entry to the ship to stand back. 
He was impudent, and the fiery Funston laid him low, 
which created a breeze of excitement. 



(848. (898. 

.The Semi-Centennial Gmventiont Columbus^ Ohio, November 21-26* 

Fifty Years ago, when those six men signed the Bond 
in Wilson's room at Old Miami, do you suppose that any 
one of them dreamed for a moment that this year would find 
ten thousand names following his own on the scroll that 
knows no end? As those students of Old Miami, a few 
months later, planted a chapter in the little school the state 
of Indiana was so proud to call its ' university,' who would 
have dared to say that Indiana Alpha would receive on her 
semi-centennial birth day the congratulations of more than 
three-score faithful sisters ? Yet the men who founded Phi 
Delta Theta were not mere boys ; they were mature in years 
and intellect. The Fraternity they planned was not for a 
day nor for the needs of a day. It was for college men then 
and now and hereafter. Its principles hold fast wherever 
Christian civilization goes. Phi Delta Theta is not narrow 
in mind or sympathies. vShe knew fifty years ago the spirit 
and possibilities of the great west. But she was too far- 
seeing, too hopeful, too great to shut herself up inside any 
wall of sectionalism or self-sufficient pride. She was not 
ashamed to correct her mistakes or to learn of others ; nor 
was she afraid to lead the way. And now, after fifty years, 
with laurels crowned, hopeful still, wiser from wide experi- 
ence, confident of her future, she comes home again to cele- 
brate, in truest sense. Thanksgiving day. 

Ohio Phis will be there en masse when the gavel falls on 
Monday morning in Ohio's historic capitol. From Indi- 
ana, where the Phis outnumber every rival, from Pennsyl- 
vania, with her seven strong chapters, from Kentucky and 
Michigan and Illinois the number of visitors will be some- 
thing to open the eyes of convention goers. Many who find 
it impossible to leave home or business for more than a few 


hours are planning to attend the banquet, if no more. Every 
Phi from San Juan to Manila — and there are some very use- 
ful men in both those cities who were with us at Philadel- 
phia two years ago — will be there in spirit, if not in mem- 
ory. And every man who can should be there in body. 
Phi conventions come only once in two years, and the semi- 
centennial will never come again. Come for the week — 
from Sunday afternoon till Saturday night — or for a day or 
two. You will be more than welcome and more than glad 
you came. 

The convention is to blame for our appearance a fort- 
night ahead of schedule time. Still, we are able to present 
a very complete set of reports from the chapters as to their 
success in rushing and prospects for the year. At this 
writing the opening of Tulane and Mississippi is still ten 
days away, but each chapter promises us a good report and 
a delegate at the convention. As was foreshadowed in the 
last Scroll, the attendance at the beginning of the year in 
all our chapters was slightly below the average — a condition 
of affairs not peculiar to Phi Delta Theta and one directly 
due in many cases to losses by eulistnient. There has never 
been a more vigorous rushing season, however, and The 
Scroll 'takes pleasure in introducing to the Fraternity,' as 
our reporters are wont to say, three hundred men who have 
chosen to wear the sword and shield and to march under the 
argent and azure. The delegation from '()2 is evidently a 
good one. Many of the men — more than usual, it would 
seem — are from Phi families. Most of them were won from 
numerous and p)owerful rivals. In all the chapters the les- 
son of securing a strong delegation of freshmen, a delegation 
that will more than offset the losses of the preceding year, 
seems to have been learned at last. We congratulate the 
new Phis on the wisdom of their choice : that recommends 
them to us strongly at the start. And we urge them to 
show their appreciation of the honor that is theirs by 
working now and henceforth for the chapter and the Fra- 


teraity the year around. That is the way to develop intel- 
ligent enthusiasm and the only way to accomplish anything. 

When the convention of 1900 comes up for discussion, 
why not consider the advantages of a summer meeting ? A 
convention at the sea shore, at Niagara, on the lakes, at 
Saratoga, has its drawbacks, to be sure. But are there not 
compensating features ? The autumn convention is now a 
tradition so firmly established that it might be hard to change, 
but a discussion of the matter will do no harm. And where 
shall we go in 1900 if we decide that Thanksgiving week is 
the only proper time. St. Louis has been calling us now 
these seven years ; New Orleans has been trying to dazzle 
us for almost as long ; now the seventy Phis of Galesburg 
are taking up the tale, and Pittsburgh is making inquiries. 
It is hard to choose ; may the best town win and every one 
of us be there when 1900 comes. 

But, speaking of conventions, would not province con- 
ventions be better attended, especially in the west and south, 
if our provinces were more numerous and smaller? And 
would not a larger staff of province presidents be desirable 
for one reason, if not for many more? As it stands, we 
have as many members of the General Council as we have 
province presidents. Some of the liatter find it necessary, 
from pressure of business or other reasons, to retire from 
active service at each convention ; and the number of work- 
ers who have served their apprenticeship and served it well 
is not as large as it should be when it comes to choosing a 
new General Council. With smaller provinces closer atten- 
tion could be paid to the individual chapters, and much 
more could be accomplished in house seeking and in organiz- 
ing the alumni. 

On October 19, 1898, a charter for an alumni chapter was 
granted to applicants from Athens, Ohio. Bro. I. M. Fos- 
ter seems to have been the leading spirit in the movement. 
The charter members of the new chapter are : F. C. Coul- 


trap, *75, B. C. Vorhes, '77, H. E. Dickerson, 77, C. H. 
Welch, '78, J. M. Hyde, *81, G. L. Pake, '84, A. E. Price, 
'88, A. A. Atkinson, '91, Geo. De Camp, '92, J. C Pickett. 
'93, H. H. Haning, '94, F. H. Super, '95, R. C. Super, '95, 
T. L Young, '95, I. M. Foster, '95, S. L. McCune, '96, L. 
D. Posten, '96, F. H. McVay, '97, C. G. O'Bleness, '98, W. 
K. Scott. '98, D. D. Tullis, '98, E. C. Merwiu, '99, H. J. 
Herrold, '01. They are all members of Ohio Gamma. This 
is the first time that all the charter members of one of our 
alumni chapters have been from the same college chapter. 
Ohio Epsilon Alumni is our thirty-eighth alumni chapter, 
and Ohio is the first state to have five. By a happy coinci- 
ence, Ohio, who. witnessed the birth of Phi Delta Theta in 
1848, claims the last college chapter and the last alumni 
chapter established in 1898. 

The freshmen and seniors who staid at home, as well 
as those who went to war, have been winning laurels. The 
review of college annuals in this issue will say much to one 
who reads between the lines. Many of the boys who have 
studied and trained have been as anxious to work for the 
honor of the Fraternity as for their own. And they have 
no mothers at home whose pride in them and their success 
is greater than that of the boys in the chapter or of the boys 
in the other chapters, when they read about it in The 
SCROirL. It does us all good this year, to read in San Fran- 
cisco, Detroit or on the Gulf, on Sunday morning, how 
Outland, the day before, shook off the field and raced ninety 
yards to tie the score, or how Whiting and Starbuck broke 
the center and fell across the line — and won the game. 
And these are not the only Phi captains and stars among 
the athletes. Good, clean foot ball is good for the player 
and the college and for the student who shouts on the side 
lines. There are many other important things to be done 
at college, and the typical Phi knows his books as well as 
he does his mandolin and his base ball bat. Nay, he is not 
ashamed to say he knows something of the Book of Books. 
But when the foot ball season comes, out he comes ; and 


whether rushing down the field or looking on, he plays his 
part and plays it well. 

Ax interesting chapter of reminiscences that go back no 
farther than the memories of a good many of us who are now 
in the harness is given us in this number by Bro. Swope. 
The editor had, at the time, an opportunity to see what an 
incredible amount of endless labor was involved in that 
thankless task whose record is called the sixth edition of the 
catalogue. Some of us failed to realize the diflBculties and 
disappointments that were wrapped up in that work, but 
some of us will remember while we live with real gratitude 
the patient industr>' and real heroism that this labor of love 
called forth. 

Anothkr interesting and valuable installment of * Old 
Fraternity Records' is presented in this issue of The Scroll. 
The letters relate to the collegiate year of 1873-'74, a time 
when there was much activity in extending the Fraternity. 
Details are given about the establishment of chapters at La- 
fayette, California, Lansing, Virginia and Randolph- Macon; 
and many items of interest are related about the chapters at 
Cornell, Roanoke, Georgia, Emory, Mercer, Ohio Wesleyan, 
Wooster, Indiana, Wabash, Indianapolis, Hanover and Iowa 
Wesleyan. These items should be utilized in the prepara- 
tion of chapter histories. The letters in this issue present 
to us the names of many Phis who were very active as gen- 
eral fraternity workers a quarter of a century ago, among 
them vSearch, Janiieson, Bates, Wilson, Evans, Thrasher, 
Carpenter, Bixby, Gaskill and Norris. The early *70's 
were the renaissance ^^^xxoA in Phi Delta Theta's history, and 
noble work was done by those mentioned and others, the 
good effects of which continue to the present day. The 
National Orand Chapter was at Wooster from 1873 to 1S78, 
and an example of its enterprise was the purchase of a print- 
ing press, on which was printed a pamphlet edition of songs 
in 1.S7-} , the type being set by Brothers Jamieson and Search, 


and most of the songs being written by the latter. Only 
an incomplete copy of this pamphlet has yet been found, 
and Brother Palmer is very anxious to find a whole copy, 
that it may be described in the history of the Fraternity. 


As the approaching national meeting at Columbus will be 
the semi-centennial convention of Phi Delta Theta, it will 
occupy a memorable place in the history of the Fraternity. 
An outline of proposed legislation has appeared already in 
the last number of The Palladitivi. Perhaps the most im- 
portant matter will be the report of the committee on revis- 
ion of the constitution, copies of which have been submitted 
to chapters for examination and criticism. Only funda- 
mental principles are included in the constitution, while 
regulations for the details of administration are embraced in 
a code. The ref)ort has been four years in preparation, and 
the committee have endeavored to make it as perfect as ex- 
perience can suggest. It is highly desirable that Phi Delta 
Theta should begin its second half-cent4jry equipped with a 
thoroughly systematized body of laws. 

Arrangements for the entertainment of delegates and 
visitors are complete, and the convention promises to be a 
very profitable one to the Fraternity, and a most enjoyable 
occasion for all who attend. Many alumni, representing 
classes from '40 down, are expected, and the reunion should 
be the largest Phi Delta Theta gathering ever held. Low 
railroad rates and special hotel rates have been secured. 
Phis everywhere are urged to help increase the attendance 
from their respective localities, by calling the attention of 
other members to the semi-centennial convention. Let none 
who can attend fail to participate in this historic event. 
Few of us will live until the centennial in 194S, hence all 
who can do so should take part in this convention, which 
will celebrate the triumphs of Phi Delta Theta during its 
first half century, and which, it is hoped and believed, will 
mark the beginning of even a more prosperous era. 

Walter B. Palmkr, P. G. C. 


Chapter Correspondence. 

ALPHA province: 


Tlie year at Dartmouth is opening with unusually bright prospects. 
The freshman class numbers 205 — the largest in the history of the col- 

The summer vacation has brought many changes and improvments. 
Richardson Hall, the new brick and stone dormitory, is completed ; 
the Wilder physical laboratory will be ready for occupancy in a few 
weeks, and a central plant will supply heat to eleven of the largest 
college buildings. 

Bros. Carr, 'US, Mitchell, '9S, and Turner, '98, are our volunteers to 
the war and are still in service in Porto Rico. We lost five more 
brothers by graduation, as well as Bro. Leach, '01, who has entered 
Harvard, and Bro. Ladd, '01, who has improved a business opening. 

Bro. Bailey, '97, has returned from the war to resume his graduate 
work in geology, and Bros. Bacon, '97, and Rogers, '98, are taking 
graduate courses in physics and political science, respectively. We 
are glad to welcome Bro. Dixon, Michigan, '91, as assistant professor 
in economic history. 

In the spring term Bro. Rogers, '98, won the Grimes prize in En- 
glish composition; Bro. McCartin. '01, covered second base on the 
•varsity with a fielding average of 1 ,CHK), and Bro. Chase, '99, was a 
member of the Dartmouth- Williams debating team. 

Bro. Musgrove, '99, has been elected managing editor of The Dart- 
mouth, and Bro. Graham, '99, has the same position in connection 
with The Dartmouth TJterary Monthly. Bro. Wood, '01, is also a 
member of the Dartmouth editorial staff, and Bro. Salinger, *01 , has 
been elected assistant business manager to assume duties as manager 
next year. Bro. Rich, '00, has been elected manager of the athletic 
team for his senior year. Bro. Thayer, '01, represents us on the glee 
club, and Bro. Graham, '9^», on the mandolin club. 

According to the custom in vogue among the Dartmouth fraterni- 
ties, • chinning ' freshmen begins the sixth week of the term, w^hen 
two days are devoted to it ; after which, pledging is allowable. This 
system, for obvious reasons, gives much better satisfaction than the 
method ordinarily pursued, and as usual * A 9 comes from the fray 
with ten new men, our selection from the class. They are G. H. Ab- 
bott, St. Johnsbury, Vt.; K. Archibald, Brockton, Mass.; K. Banning, 
Walpole, i\. H.; C. C. Fullington, Johnson, Vt.; H. \\\ McKinnon. 
Bellows Falls, Vt.; R. S. Merrill, Shelburne Falls, Mass.; C. D. 
Mooney, Newport, N. H.; R. E. Paine, Winchester, Mass.; W. L. 
Rice, lioothbay Harbor, Me.; A. P. Stanley, Bolster's Mills, Me. We 
expect to initiate our new members on November 15, and look for- 
ward to a year which will add to the strength of New Hampshire 

Yours in the Bond, 
Hanover, October 29, 1898. Chari.ES P. Graham. 


MASSACHuserrs alpha, williahs college. 

The college year, beginning September 22, has been divided into 
two semesters. Two new courses in English have been introduced 
into the curriculum, and the two previously required senior courses 
have been made optional. To the aepartment of English Mr. Maxcy, 
and to the department of mathematics Dr. Hardy have been added, 
besides Dr. Mendenhall, first assistant in physics ; Dr. Walworth, first 
assistant in chemistry ; and Mr. Buddington and Mr. Scott, first and 
second assistants in biology. 

Of the class of *98 Bro, Fifer was made class day president, while 
Bro. Waterman completed a successful year as manager of the athletic 
team and Bro. Graff, as captain of his class base ball team. 

All the active members of the chapter have returned with the ex- 
ception of Bros. Bates and Danforth, and we have been very success- 
ful in securing a good delegation of new men : Dwight W. Marvin, 
'01, Troy. N. Y.; Joseph B. Elv, '02, Westfield, Mass.; William H. 
Stanley, '02, New York City ; Frederick P. Wilbur, '02, Skaneateles, 
N. Y.; and Frederick B. Wills, '02. Auburn, N. Y. 

In athletics we are represented by Bros. Stoddard (assistant mana- 
ger of the athletic team), Morrison (class base ball team), F. Squires 
(track team), Meade (class base ball and foot ball teams) and Wilbur 
(college second eleven and class eleven). On the musical clubs are 
Bro. Fitts, who is still leader of the banjo club, Bros. Brown, Marvin, 
Ely and Wills. Bro. Stoddard was treasurer of the sophomore prom, 
committee, and he and Bro. L. Squires are on the editorial board of 
the Weekly. Bro. Fitts was also elected to Gargoyle, and Bro. Vary 
was a member of the junior class supper committee. 

Our house has been much improved by extensive repairs during the 
summer, and we have begun the year exceedingly well equipped. 

Cordially yours in the Bond, 

Williamstown, October 2<.>. 1898. Gkorgk H. Ansley. 


The year at Amherst thus far has been characterized by an unusual 
activity along all lines. Foot ball received an impetus at the first of 
the season, and from the material at hand a good team is being de- 
veloped. Neither of the tri-collegiate championship games with Dart- 
mouth or Williams has as yet been played, and the result of the series 
is greatly in doubt. Confidence is felt, however, that Amherst will 
make a stronger fight for the championship than for several years. 
We have been represented on the gridiron this year bv Bros. Whitnev 
and King. 'W, and Bro. Gladwin, '01. 

The fall athletic meet participated in by the three lower classes was 
won this year by the sophomores. Bro. Klaer, '00, won 17 points; 
Bro. Gladwin, '01, 14; Bro. Couch, '01, (>; Bro. Wiggins, '01, 0; Bro. 
Crary, '01, 1; Bro. Herrick, '02, 7; Bro. Phillips, '02, C). 

Our eleventh initiation and banquet was held October 14. This 
chapter takes pleasure in introducing the following new Phis, all from 
the class of '02: Frank Lewis Briggs, Attleboro. Mass. ; Ralph Prin- 
dall Cunningham, Gloucester, Mass.; Arthur Wilson Dennen, Glou- 
cester, Mass.; Louis Rowell Herrick, Westfield, Mass.; Howard 
William Irwin, Northampton, Mass.; David Homer Keedy, Keedys- 
ville, Md.; Samuel Bowies King, Winnetka, 111.; Walter Cogswell 
King, Gloucester, Mass. ; Nathan Carleton Phillips, Gloucester, Mass. ; 
Robert Stanley Phillips, Amherst, Mass. ; Charles Blanchard Thomp- 
son, Attleboro, Mass.; Wilmot Vivian Trevoy, Gloucester, Mass. 


At the senior class elections recently held. Bro. Marriott was chosen 
secretary; Bro. Whitney, ivy orator; Bro. Brooks, prophet-on-prophet; 
Bro. Austin, a member of the committee-on-committees. 

We are represented on the glee club this year by Bros. Smith, '95), 
Brooks, MM), Irwin. '02. On the mandolin club we have Bros. Sharp, 
'95), Baker, '01, and Irwin, '02. 

Thus Massachusetts Beta, with thirty-two attendant members, be- 
gins a year which promises to be prosperous and successful. 

Yours in the Bond. 

Amherst, November 1, 1898. Dewky H. Hurd. 


New York Alpha takes pleasure in introducing Bros. G. T. Ballard, 
W. B. Kugler and T. W. Reed. It was with reluctance that we gave 
up our worthy '98 delegation, but our three new brothers, all of 1902, 
will prove themselves equally worthy to wear the sword and shield of 
Phi Delta Theta. At the time of this writing New York Alpha has 
two pledged men, who will be able to give the grip in a short time. 
We are also plea.sed to announce the affiliation of Bro. J. H. Stevens, 
'01, of Massachusetts Beta. Bro. K. C. Zeller, '99, has been elected 
delegate to the Columbus convention, and C. W. Coit, '00, will act as 
alternate for New York Alpha. 

We are pained to announce the death of the father of Bro. R. D. 
Starbuck, '(K). We are sure that all Phis will mourn the loss that has 
befallen Bro. Starbuck and New York Alpha. 

In athletics our chapter bids fair to eclipse the record made last 
year. Under the able captaincy of Bro. A. E. Whiting, LL. B., '98, 
better known to Cornellians as ' Mike ' Whiting, the rmining half-back, 
our varsity foot ball team is meeting with a most successful season. 
So far Captain Whiting and his men have met with but one defeat, 
that being the game lost to Princeton by the close score of HO. Bro. 
Whiting has many victories dangling from his belt, including the 
scalp of the Carlisle Indians, which was taken in a fierce game to the 
tune of 2'i\-k). Bro. R. I). Starbuck, '00, at full-back makes an able 
side partner to Captain Whiting, and the plunges ' Bucky ' makes 
through an opposing line are something that Cornell and 4> A 8 may 
feel proud of. Bro. Short, '00, is also doing good work on the second 
'varsity. It will be interesting to note the outcome of the Pennsylva- 
nia-Cornell game, when ' Penn,' under the leadership of Bro. Outland, 
will battle with Bro. Whiting and his band of Ithacan warriors for 
supremacy. W^e warn Bro. Outland and his band that they will meet 
worthy rivals. 

The fall base ball game between the freshman and sophomore 
teams was won by '02. Bro. Slevens, '01, and Bro. Reed, '02, took 
part on the opposing teams. The fall track meet between the two 
lower classes was easily won by '01, under the captaincy of Bro. Kin- 
sey, '01. 

On the musical clubs 4> A B still holds her own, being represented 
by Bros. W^hiting, Wynne and Morrison. Bro. Morrison, '01, has also 
a place on the dramatic club, while Rro. Ihlder is doing good work as 
an editor of the Cornell Sun. * A B has been honored with the presi- 
dency of two of the classes. Bro. Coit has been elected president of 
the junior class, and Iko. McIJride holds the same office in the sopho- 
more class. Bro. Coit, '(X), has also been elected assistant commodore 
of the Cornell navy. 

We regret to say that Bro. Bassford, '98, who was with us a short 


time this year, has left to accept a position with the New York Cen- 
tral R. R. The war with Spain is over, and many have been relieved 
of their positions, but Bro. Thomson, '98, through his efficient work 
in inspecting li^ht ordnance at Elmira, N. Y., still holds his position 
as assistant engineer, U. S. N. 

At the time of this writing New York Alpha has twenty-two initiated 
and two pledged men. The prospects for a successful year are ex- 
ceedingly bright. 

Yours in * A 9, 

Ithaca, October 31, 1898. Krlton Ewing White. 


New York Beta began the present year with twelve men — three sen- 
iors, five juniors and four sophomores. Bro. I). J. Hoyt, '99, entered 
the medical department of the university, at Albany, this fall but will 
return in the spring term and be graduated with his class. Bro. 
Willis, ex- '97, who has been employed as an engineer on the Erie 
canal for the past three years, returned to college and will complete 
his course with the class of '(X). Bro. Gayelty, ex-'98, who left at the 
end of last fall term, to accept a position on the canal, will return in 
the winter term to take his degree. 

The beginning of the rushing season found us situated in our house 
at 4 University Place, with all old members back but one and some 
alumni to help in the work of gathering desirable freshmen into the 
fold. Dickinson E. Griffith, a brother of Bro. Chas. D. Griffith, '98, 
and Gilbert S. Woolworth, both of Watertown, N. Y., who were 
pledged last year, came to college with a good degree of Phi spirit to 
start with and proved of considerable value in the work among their 
classmates. Wm. G. Keens and Walter E. Hays, of Albany, soon saw 
the desirability of becoming Phis at Union. They were followed a 
little later by J. Howard Mackey, of Stamford, N. Y. On October 
thirtieth, these five men were initiated into the mysteries and pleas- 
ures of ♦ A 9. The ceremony was attended by several visiting Phis: 
Bro. Waygood, of Lafayette, pastor of the East Ave. Presbyterian 
church of this city; Bros. Van Gelder, Broicn, '97, and Ingrain, Ohio 
S/aii\ '97, of the General Electric Works; and Bro. Gayetty, ex-'98, 
of Baldwinsville, N. Y. After the ceremony, a spread was served at 
the house, and the evening concluded with a very pleasant social 
time among the brothers. 

Although we have already exceeded our usual (juota of four men, 
the prospects are extremely good that one or two more names may he 
added to the chapter roll in the near future. 

Of the seventeen men now attending college, fourteen of us are 
rooming in the house, enjoying the intimate association with our 
brothers which life in a fraternity house alone can afford. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Schenectady, October 31, 1898. J. D. Edwards. 


New York Delta and New York .Alpha Alumni are now comfortably 
housed in eight rooms at 444 Manhattan Avenue. The lack of rooms 
hindered the activity of the chapter at the beginning, but delay has 
only meant accumulation of energy for the year's campaign. Two 
men have been pledged and several more are under consideration. We 
also expect to affiliate Bro. R. T. Byers, Wabash, 't)8, and Bro. Walter 


A. Johnson, Lombard^ in the near future. When all the Phis who are 
expected to return to the university arrive, we will begin the year 
with seventeen undergraduate members, excluding men to be initiated. 

About a month ago Bro. Henry W. Egner, '98, law, held a reunion 
of New York Delta at his home in Newark, N. J. The following 
brothers were present : Harry M. Hewitt, '%, Henry W. Egner, *98, 
Stalla Vinton, '00, law, Frank S. Hackett, '99, collegei Otto H. Hinck, 
•99, college, and Bernard M. L. Ernst, '99, college. A spread, sin^ng 
Phi Delta Theta songs and conversation were the order of the evening. 

Bro. Hackett has been elected president of the senior class, and Bro. 
Ernst the business manager of the Columbia Literary Monthly. 

Bro. Hackett has been elected delegate to the convention, with Bro. 
Ernst as alternate. 

Bro. Hinck, '99, is playing magnificent tennis in the college tourna- 
ment and bids fair to win the cup. 

The cry now is 'On to Columbus,' and all Phis look forward with 
great pleasure to the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of our 
glorious Fraternity. 

Yours in the Bond, 

New York, October 28, 1898. Bernard M. L. Ernst. 


Syracuse University opens this year with the largest enrollment in 
its history. The faculty has been strengthened by the addition of a 
number of efficient professors and competent instructors. A new 
physics hall costing $80,(K)0 is being completed and will soon be 
turned over to the department. Liberal gifts have been received from 
friends for the purchase of biological and other apparatus. The law 
school is housed in the magnificent university block, which cost about 
half a million dollars. 

New York Epsilon returns with twenty men. Bros. Hutchinson 
and Simpson, '01, King, '00, and Brother Voorhees are the only un- 
dergraduates who do not return. Bro. Hutchinson will teach for a 
year, Bro. Simpson has gone into business, and Bro. King is continu- 
ing his course at the Auburn Theological Seminary. Bros. Waffle and 
Cregg have returned after a short absence. 

Bros. Larkin, M. D., '97, and Shipman, M. D., *98, are taking grad- 
uate work in Germany. Bro. Fred Housinger, M. D., '98, won the 
position of house physician in one of our leading city hospitals last 
June in a competitive examination. Bro. Fred Schenck, '98, is prac- 
ticing law, and Bro. John Plant, '98, medicine, in this city. 

We have just received the sad news of the death of Bro. C. F. Bates, 
'9S, at Savannah. N. Y. The death of this brother is particularly dis- 
tressing ; he had only a few weeks ago come into possession of a snug 
fortune and was on the eve of a happy marriage. 

New York Epsilon is prominent, as usual, in college matters, par- 
ticularly in athletics. Bros. Dolph and Burnham are on the glee club ; 
Bro. Kelly is captain of the 'varsity base ball team ; other members 
are Bro. Gregory, catcher, and Bros. Lipes and Low. Bro. Creg^ is on 
the foot ball team, and Bros. Lipes and Gordon are active substitutes. 
Bros. Gordon and ScrafTord, both new men, are promising candidates 
for the track team. 

The rushing season was short and not particularly exciting. Our 
new delegation, of which we are justly proud, is composed of men 
whose zeal, integrity and earnestness will be of inestimable value to 
us. Our initiates are as follows : Avery A. Gannett, Belleville, class- 


ical ; Charles F. Walter, Middlesex, philosophical ; Bert H. Shepard, 
Richfield Spa, electrical engineering ; Charles J. Clark, Hyde Park, 
civil engineering ; Robert Gordon, Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, electrical 
engineering ; Justus M. Scrafford, Ulica, architectural ; C. Harold 
Stow, Deposit, civil engineering ; W. Corey Albertson, Southold, L. 
I., law ; Raymond L. Skinner, Deposit, law. We expect to pledge 
several other good men before the term is over. 

We are comfortably quartered in our elegant new home in Frater- 
nity Row. We have accommodations for twenty -two men, and hope 
to be able to provide for more soon. We contemplate finishing a 
chapter hall on the fourth floor with a seating capacity of seventy-five 
or more. 

The future of New York Epsilon is very bright indeed. With the 
enthusiasm of the new members combined with the experience and 
energy of the old ones, we trust that our chapter will make a progress 
eminently gratifying even to the most sanguine. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Syracuse, October 31, 1898. Allkn Duncan Burnham. 


During the vacation the town members worked ardently in leno- 
vating the chapter abode, and in consequence we now have tour rooms 
which vie with each other in their cheerful and inviting appearance. 
Our rooms are located in the most prominent part of the city. In- 
spired by the results obtained by the town men, the other members 
added their efforts, and the result is that our rooms have had a very 
strong influence upon the new men. 

Since the beginning of the term we have initiated Brothers Edmund 
S. Tillinghast, '00; William C. Isett, '01; Clarence H. Van Allen, 
Winfield Roper and John A. Wenrick, of '02. We also take great 
pleasure in announcing that we have pledged Morris Rosenbaum and 
Thomas Wilson, '01, and J. H. Boal, '0*2. 

With extreme pride we note the frequent mention our Brother Rich- 
ard Holmes is receiving from the newspapers for his conspicuous brav- 
ery at Manila. The appearance of his picture in the October number 
of The Scroll was a delightful surprise to all of us, and we all long 
for the day when we can grasp him by the hand once more and tell 
him how proud we are of him. 

The outlook of the foot ball team, although at first not very prom- 
ising, appears now more encouraging. With only two men back of 
last year's eleven the coach and captain had to work hard to develop 
a new team. There was plenty of material to draw on from the in- 
coming class, so all fears proved groundless. It is true the team does 
not abound in individual stars nor has it such a strong line as last 
year, but what it thus lacks is made up by quick, snappy team work. 
Brothers Bray, Pierce and Rosenberger represent us on the gridiron. 
Brother Pierce played a very spirited game until forced out by an in- 
jury to his knee. Brother Bray as full back, by his long low kicks, 
has saved several ^mes already. Brother Rosenberger's plucky work 
has rendered him invaluable. 

At the close of last term we celebrated our vear's work with an in- 
formal banquet, which proved a great social success. Several of our 
alumni were with us and enlivened the evening with college reminis- 
cences and timely remarks. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Easton, October 25, 1898. Georgk W. Hagnhy. 



Since writing our last letter we have initiated Percival S. Heintzel- 
man, '01, of Fayetteville, Pa., whom I take great pleasure in intro- 
ducing to the Fraternity. It also gives us pleasure to introduce Mr. 
E. B. Hay, '03, of Red Hook, N. Y.. as pledged. With Mr. Kioto, 
mentioned in our previous letter, we now have two pledged out of the 
class of '03. All these men are very popular among the students, Mr. 
Hay being president of his class. We still have one or two freshmen 
in view ana hope to see success soon crown our efforts. 

Since last issue of The Scroll Bros. Krafft and Ott, two loyal Phis, 
have returned to the theological seminary at this place. We were 
greatly disappointed in not having Bro. Friday return to the same 
place, he having entered the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Mt. 
Airy, Philadelphia. 

The foot ball season is now at its height. Through the efficient 
coaching of Mr. H. C. Johnson, a former member of the U. of P. team, 
a team has been formed which, considering the new material that had 
to be developed, is putting up a game that compares favorably with 
that of our rivals. Perhaps the game that aroused the greatest en- 
thusiasm thus far was the one between Gettysburg and the University 
of Maryland. The result was a tie, neither side scoring. During the 
early part of the season efforts were made to resume athletic contests 
with our neighboring college. Dickinson. It is probable that they 
will be successful, and that a game may yet be arranged between the 
two colleges. 

Bro. Beerits, who was elected as base ball manager for the season of 
'9S>, owing to an increased amount of extra work, resigned from that 
office recently. He retained the office of president of the athletic as- 
soc^iation, however. 

In our last letter some little description was given of our proposed 
chapter house. It is indeed fast becoming a reality. During the past 
month work has progressed so rapidly that by the time of issue of this 
number of Thk Scroll, the house will doubtless be under roof. The 
contract calls for the completion of the house by January 1. We have 
already heard many favorable comments, which give us reason to be- 
lieve that the house will surpass any already on the campus. A fur- 
nishing committee has already been appointed, so that by the opening 
of next term, everything may be in readiness for immediate occupation. 

Never within the memory of the oldest attendant member, did the 
members of the chapter evince a greater degree of fraternal spirit 
than at the present time. The chapter house is the cause of a large 
part of this no doubt. 

The college musical clubs this year promise to outstrip those of 
former years. An instructor has been secured for the instrumental 
clubs, while the glee club is also doing excellent work under an effi- 
cient leader. Bro. Huber, '01, represents us on the mandolin club. 

The chapter was very agreeably surprised on October 17 by receiv- 
ing a short visit from some of the Dickinson chapter. T. M. West, I. 
M. Wertz, W. V. Mallalieu, K. R. Stevenson. C. S. Kline and R. S. 
Loose composed the party. We trust we may have the pleasure of 
meeting our Pennsylvania Epsilon brothers soon again. The chapter 
was greatly pleased with a visit of Bro. E. D. Soper, Dickifison^ '98, 
who recently spent a short time at the college in the interests of the 
Y. M. C. A., of which he is state college secretary. 

Perhaps the latest organization that has made its appearance at 
Gettysburg College is the dramatic club, better known as the 'Roister 


Doister' club. For some time efforts have been made in this direc- 
tion, but not until this fall have they been successful. Their main 
object is to promote literary work along this line, which seems to 
have been neglected. The membership is confined to members of 
either of the literary societies. 

Since our last letter to The Scroll, besides those already men- 
tioned, we have had the pleasure of having with us Bros. Bell, 78, 
Trump, *78, Hoshour, '85, Kain, '1)7, Welsh, LM}rh, '01. and Wright, 
Minnesota^ '01, who is at present a member of one of the Minnesota 
regiments stationed at Camp Meade. We regret to learn that Bro. 
Henderson, who for some time has represented the firm of I). L. Auld, 
will not be able to meet us as frequently as heretofore. 

Pennsylvania Beta's latch string is always out, and we wish all Phis 
visiting Gettysburg to feel free to call upon us. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Gettysburg, October :U. 181)8. Hiram H. Ki:ller. 


Pennsylvania Gamma has made a very favorable beginning this 
year. We had only seven members to start with, but they were very 
active and enthusiastic. As a result we have six new Phis added to 
our roll. We take great pleasure in introducing Bros. Carl. L. W. 
Core, '00, Washin^on, Pa.; Guy Burchfield, '(K), Titusville, Pa.; John 
Gibson, '02, Washington, Pa. ; Andrew E. Slone, '02, Washington, Pa. ; 
Paul L. Woods, '02, Washington, Pa. and Frank Bungarner, '02, Hills- 
boFO, Pa. Bro. Burchfield is a junior and was prepared at home by a 
private tutor. Bro. Core is one of our best foot ball players. He plays 
end, and his brother, who had but recently been honorably discharged 
from the volunteer army at Camp Meade, is playing guard. 

We have an excellent foot ball team this year, although our chances 
were very poor at the beginning of the season. Our team has been 
greatly strengthened by Collins, who played on the Adelbert team 
last year. Many new players entered W. and J. this year and are do- 
ing well. 

Mr. W. R. Thompson, of Pittsburgh, has made several valuable 
gifts to the college. First Mr. Thompson presented a collection of 
models for the study of human and comparative anatomy, purchased 
in Paris. Recently he gave a valuable collection of statuary, also 
purchased abroad. 

The Phi Gamma Delta convention, which was held at Pittsburgh, 
held one session here. There were eighty-eight Phi Gams here, and 
they held their meeting in chapel. 

On October 10, the freshman class wore their colors, red and white, to 
chapel. This was the cause of one of the greatest class fights ever 
had at W. and J. It has been the custom to have color rushes in the 
corridors, but when the respective classes came from their rooms they 
found Dr. Moffat pacing the halls. Kach class stood lined up, pre- 
pared for the attack, but neither soph or freshie had the courage to 
make a rush with Dr. Moffat looking on. Finally the freshmen started 
for the campus, and the sophomores followed them. They fought for 
twenty minutes when one of the professors called time, to the relief 
of both sides. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Washington, October 29, 1898. William Clyde Gruhbs. 



The fall term of Allegheny College opened September 20. The en- 
rollment of new students this year is about the same as last; but an 
unusually large number of old students did not return. 

Several changes have been made in the personnel of the faculty. The 
chair of history and p>olitics, left vacant by the resignation of Dr. J. 
W. Perrin, is filled by Prof. E. A. Smith, a recent graduate of Johns 
Hopkins. A class of English has been established and is filled by 
Prof. A. K. Munroe, of Pennsylvania State College. Dr. E. L. Rice 
has accepted a chair at Ohio Wesley an, his place as head of the 
biological department being filled by Prof. Martin Small wood. Bro. 
Clarence F. Ross is away on leave of absence to pursue his studies 
at the University of Chicago, the principalship of the preparatory 
department being temporarily assumed by ProL Morey. Bro. H. H. 
Wright, Amherst^ '98, is physical director. 

The year is inagurated by a new set of rules, restricting the number 
of fraternity functions to one a term, at which no dancing is to be al- 
lowed. Each student is also required to pledge himself to have noth- 
ing to do with B X E or other similar organizations. 

The chapter began the term with twelve men. We expect to have 
with us in the winter term Bros. Stillson and Moore, '01; and in the 
spring Bro. Soult, *99. 

Of our graduates last year, Bro. J. V. Wright has entered Drew 
Theological Seminary; Bro. W. J. Lowstuter is preaching in Vander- 
bilt, Pa.; Bro. Weyand is city missionary in Pittsburgh. Bro. F. G. 
Moorhead, '00, is studying law at Northwestern. Bro. O. S. Hoffman, 
'01, is attending Beaver College. Bro. Douglas is at his home in 
Grove City. Bro. Wilkenson has been obliged to give up work tem- 
porarily on account of his eyes, but expects to return in January. 

There is a remarkable scarcity of fraternity material this year, but 
Pennsylvania Delta is getting her share, as usual. We have already 
initiated one man, Bro. Roger H. Motten, '02, of Erie, Pa., whom we 
take pleasure in presenting to the Fraternity ; and we have three 
pledged, whom we trust to be able to introduce before long. 

The chapter enjoyed a visit from Bro. Arthur Staples, '1>4, president 
of Beaver College, who attended the meeting of Methodist college 
presidents held here last week. Bro. J. R. Wright, ^'^'^^ also made us 
a brief call. 

The college foot ball team is in better shape this year than ever be- 
fore. Bro. Byers is again playing quarter back, and Bro. Wolston- 
croft plays left half. Both men have received warm commendation 
for their work in the press reports. 

Bro. Casteel is assistant in the biological laboratory ; and Bro. Wols- 
toncroft is assistant in the gymnasium. Bro. Motten is historian of 
his class. Bro. Couse is editor-in-chief of the Campus^ Bro. Phillips 
being associate and Bro. Casteel alumni editon We have four men 
in the glee club this year : Bros. Swearer, Masters, Phillips and 
Weatherly accompanist). Bro. Swearer has been elected manager. 
Bro. Swisher is president of the Philo-Franklin literary society and of 
the college Y. M. C. A. Bro. Wilkinson is editor-in-chief of the an- 
nual, and Bro. Stol/.enbach is associate editor. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Meadville, October ;n, 1898. Edwin S. Oakes. 



Though we returned but sixteen men this year, we opened the rush- 
ing season with all our old time ardor and enthusiasm. As a result 
we have initiated four excellent men and have several others under 
consideration. We take pleasure, therefore, in introducing Dean Hoff- 
man« Millersburg, Pa.; William A. Ganoe, Williamsport, Pa.; Patrick 
Donley, Waynesburg, Pa.; Frank S. Ulloni, Waynesburg, Pa. Bro. 
Kriebel, *98, who has secured an honorable discharge from the army, 
was with us during part of the rushing season, and rendered valuable 
service. Bro. Wintersteen, ex-'99, also spent a few days with the boys, 
and Bros. Stonesifer and Soper, 'II8, have visited us recently. 

Our chapter house is progressing steadily, the timbers of the first 
floor having been laid ; when completed it will be among the best 
equipped and handsomest buildings of the kind in the state. 

Bros. Smith, '(K), and Branthaver, '01, will not return. Bro. Hub- 
ler, '98, is in the law school and will affiliate with us. 

Of our last year's class Bros. Bowman, Stonesifer and Adams are en- 
gaged in ministerial labor. Bro. Souders is traveling for Dodd, Mead 
and Co., of Philadelphia. Bro. Kriebel has returned to his home in 
Philadelphia, where he expects to enter upon the study of law. Bro. 
Soper now occupies the position of secretary of the Y. M. C. A. of 
Pennsj'lvania. Bro. Davidson has entered Drew Theological Seminary. 

At commencement we had as usual our share of honors. Bros. Mc- 
Neal, Soper and Davidson were elected to * B K. Bro. Gottshall di- 
vided the Greek prize. Bros. Mallalieu and Presby divided first 
honors for scholarship in the junior and freshman classes, respectively. 
Bro. Sterrett, '00, was awarded the medal given by the Union Philoso- 
phical literary society for oratory. 

Dickinson has 10<) new students on her rolls, and among them is 
much good foot ball material. 

Interest about college is now centered in the eleven, of which we 
are justly proud. So tar we have gone through the season with seven 
victories to our credit, and not a single defeat. On November T), we 
meet the Indians, against whom we expect to make a creditable show- 
ing. Our schedule from now on, which includes Lehigh and State 
College, will tax the team's p>owers to their fullest extent, but the stu- 
dent body is very confident of good results. 

Dr. Gooding, ex-president of Dover Academy, has been appointed to 
the chair of philosophy, which was temporarily filled last year by Dr. 
Cramer and Prof. Wilson. 

Several nights ago quite an event in fraternity circles here at Dick- 
inson took place. 2 X, which had become almost extinct, was revived 
by the initiation of seven new men. The fraternity has several influ- 
ential alumni in Carlisle, and it was through their efforts that this 
was accomplished. The chapter had but two men on the active list — 
one in the law school and the other in the senior class of the college. 
They expect to build a chapter house in the near future, 

♦ A 8 IS stronger than ever before and takes an active part in all 
branches of college activity. Bros. Wertz and ShiflFer now represent 
us on the foot ball team. Bro. Wert/, but recently appeared on the 
field, but his strong playing and his former good record soon placed 
him at right tackle. Shiffer is playing a hard, strong game at half. 
Ivins, '01, captains the scrub and by his enthusiasm and heady work 
in running the team often gives the 'varsity a hard rub in the practice 

The glee club and orchestra have not been finally chosen, although 


a weeding-out process is going on ; ♦AG will be represented by two 
men at least. Our delegate to the convention is Bro. Mallalieu, and 
our only regret is that more men can not attend. 

Yours in the Bond, 
Carlisle, October 2S, IK*^. T. Marshall West. 


The rushing season in Pennsylvania is by no means over, and we are 
already enriched by the addition of five good men. with prosp)ects of 
several more. Four of these, however, were practically pledged to 
Phi Delta Theta last spring but were not initiated on account of the 
lateness of the season. Of the initiates Bro. Gardner was stroke on 
the crew and is now ably filling the position of quarter back on the 
'varsity foot ball team. Bro. Diefendorf is playing half back on the 
scrub, and Bros. Brevillier, Garret and Worthman are all excellent 
men in various lines of activity. 

For unavoidable reasons, work on our new chapter house was re- 
tarded during the summer months but is now progressing. Neverthe- 
less, we have given up hope of occupying the house during the present 
college year and have taken a very roomy and, in many ways, desira- 
ble house close to the college campus. Here we are very comfortably 
situated and are prepared to welcome any of our brothers who will 
honor us by a visit. We found, with pleasure, after the opening of 
college that several Phis had entered the professional departments of 
Penn.sylvania. We hope to report their affiliation in our next letter. 
Although we have but two Phis in the junior class college, both of 
them have recently been elected officers of that class. Bro. Yasukawa, 
vice-president, and Bro. Read, secretary. Bro. Siegel is the new presi- 
dent of the architectural society. 

The event which casts a shadow of sadness over Pennsylvania Zeta 
is the recent death of Bro. Kimball. He was a young alumnus, who 
returned from the war only to die among his friends. His character 
was one of which any man could well be proud. 

Our prospects for the future are very bright. The chapter is en- 
thusiastic, and all the members are working harmoniously together. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Philadelphia, November 1, 1898. J. H. R. Acker. 



As usual, the university opened on September 15. We were sorry 
not to be able to get a letter in the October Scroll, though we can 
now write more positively of our condition and prospects. Both are 
g(K)<l. This year we returned ten old men ; Bros. Eugene Davis, H. 
D. Furniss, Lea, McLester, J. N. Furniss, Burrow, Walke, E. H. Jones, 
Stearns and Price. Our chapter was further strengthened by the ad- 
dition to this number of Bro. E. P. Mallary, Mtrcet\ '08. Although 
the rushing season is not entirely over, we can report three initiates. 
It is with pleasure that I introduce Bros. Charles Pierce Macgill, 
Alexander Moseley and Reverdy Warner Ames, all three of Virginia. 
We are justly proud of them, for each one was asked to join two or 
more fraterniCies before we extended our invitation. They were goated 
on Saturday night, October 8, after which a spread was enjoyed in 
Bro. McLester's room. The annual fall banquet was postponed on ac- 
count of the unavoidable absence from college of several men. 


By graduation last June we lost Bros. Siler and Sutherland. The 
former is now an interne at the New York Post-graduate Hospital, 
having stood record among thirty-three applicants from other universi- 
ties. Bro. Sutherland has, within the last two weeks, taken unto him- 
self a wife. He will before very long begin the practice of medicine at 
his home in southwestern Virginia. Bro. Paul has been doing some spe- 
cial work in the law department since college opened. He will soon 
leave for Walla Walla, Washington, where he will conmience practicing 
law. Bro. Poitevent disappointed us very much by not returning. We 
have never seen as enthusiastic a worker and miss him very much dur- 
ing the rushing season. He is now in New Orleans, connected with the 
Picayune. Bros. Bryant and Watts did not return, and, as yet, we have 
not heard from them. 

Bro. E. C. Henderson, IVt'sttninstt'r, '93, visited us about October the 
first. Bro. Eugene Davis, who has represented us so admirably on the 
'varsity eleven, has the highest honor within the gift of the student 
body- presidency of the general athletic association. He also holds 
down his old position, right tackle, on the team. Bro. Lea has also 
played in several games. Bro. H. D. Furniss is clerical assistant to 
Dr. Buckmaster. 

The number of matriculates here this year is considerably larger 
than it has been for a good many years. We hope it will reach six 
hundred before the end of the session. This, we think, is due to the 
wonderful improvements made since the fire. Last finals, in the pres- 
ence of the largest audience ever assembled on the grounds, the Rouss 
physical laboratory, mechanical laboratory and academic building 
were appropriately dedicated. The university is undoubtedly better 
equipped now than she ever was before, and we are sure she has made 
an advent to a term of greater prosperity. Lately she has received a 
donation of twenty thousand dollars, which will probably be used for 
the erection of a row of domitories. 

The Poe memorial association was organized here in November, 
1897. Bro. Poitevent was then elected vice-president. The chief 
object of the association was the raising of money to place a bust of 
Edgar Allen Poe in the rotunda. The association has been so very 
successful in this purp>ose that some time ago Mr. George Julian 
Zolney, of New York, was commissioned to execute the work. The 
formal unveiling of the bust will take place on (October 7, 1SI>*.), that 
being the semi-centennial of the death of Poe. 

The books of the university library, which have been packed away 
since the fire, have lately been removed to the rotunda. The latter 
has been restored to just what it was before the fire and is now to be 
used exclusively for the library. A student's reading-room has been 
opened within the last few days. 

Bro. John N. Furniss wmII represent Virginia Beta at the convention. 
We all wish we could be there. 

Yours in the Bond, 

University of Virginia, November 1, 1898. J. Woods Pkick. 


The session of '97-**.)8 closed at W. & L. with only one hundred and 
forty students on the roll. During the session various changes had been 
made in the management of the university. Hon. Wm. L. Wilson had 
been installed as president, and every effort had been made to increase 
the attendance of the school without lowering the standard. Class 
rooms had been renovated and the mess system instituted. Chapel 


attnsdaace ererr Wedccsdav morciiii^ bad been made compalsory. 
Besi'ie the rt^-ilar chapel ser\-ice. addresses by the president or some 
member oi the faculty and asnoancements of general interest, made 
tbeve exercises especially interesting. With the close of the past ses- 
sion, however, the e^orts of the president did not cease. Two gradn- 
ates of the university were kept m the field the entire summer solicit- 
ing students. During the summer changes in faculty were made. 
Though loath to part with Sidney T. Moreland. for so many years 
prof elisor of physics, the board has fortunately secured the services of 
W. Le Conte Stevens, lately professor of physics in the Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Parker H. Willis has also taken his place 
in the faculty as professor of economics and political science. Dr. 
Willis will >>e associated in his line of work with President Wilson 
and Dr. H. H. White, professor of history. Such efforts along vari- 
ous lines to build up the university have not been without success. 
Already the enrollment exceeds that of last session bv more than fifty. 

Thanks to Bros. D. C. McBryde. '^i. F. H. Campbell, *S<i, and (for 
a short while Bro. Jennings Greenleaf. CentraL *97, tive men have 
been initiated into the Fraternity, gi^Hng Virginia Zeta an active chap- 
ter of six men. John McLaren McBr\-de. Lexington, \'a.; Allan 
Fvpes, Blackstone. Va.; Thos. Dwight Sloan, Alderson. W. Va.; Henry 
Blair Graybill. Len-isburg. W. Va.: and Humphrey Robinson Keeble, 
-Abilene. Texas, are the new Phis whom I introduce to the Fraternity. 
I may add that Bro. J. McL. McBr\-de is the third of that name to be- 
come a memlxrr of Virginia Zeta within the last five years. 

.As yet \'irginia Zeta does not hold the lion's share of honors. 
Bro. Campbell plays full back on the foot ball team and by the with- 
drawal of the captain from college has become captain of the eleven. 
The captaincy of the base ball team of 'l**.^ has also fallen to his lot. 
Bros. Sloan and Graybill are members of the Washington literary so- 
ciety, and Bfo. Hpes is our only representative in the law class. Bros. 
Keeble, Sloan, Graybill and McBryde are in the academic class. The 
.Maplesfjti scholarship, conferred on a member of the graduating class 
and paying three hundred dollars, is also held by the chapter. 

With l>est wishes, 1 am 

Yours in the Bond, 

lycxington, Octol>er 1.:}, 181»8. R. G. Campbell. 


Kentucky Alpha has begun the year with unusual success, al- 
though somewhat reduced in numbers as compared with last year. Of 
r>ur 'iw graduates Bros. Reynolds. Hale, Dickens and Sulser did not 
return. Bro. Brown. 'IM), will go to Virginia to complete his course. 
Bros, r'arthing, MM.), Hugueley, '98. and Witherspoon, '(X), have gone 
into Ijusiness in the vicinity. 

On the foot l^all team we are well represented by Bro. Welsh, '99, 
and Bro. Monks. Mil, who is the star player of the team. Bro. John- 
son. MM J, is also developing into a fine athlete. 

I'Vaternity material at Centre was very scarce this fall, but fourgood 
tu-w men have been taken in, and we have two pledged. W^e tried to 
rent a chapter honse hut could not secure one suitable for the purpose. 
There not being as many men as usual in the chapter this year, it 
would be rather hard to keep it up to the standard. A new hall was 
rented, which has been a great improvement over the old one. Most 
of the men in the chapter this year are young and are not yet perfectly 
familiar with the management of the chapter. 


In the athletic association we have a good share of the official posi- 
tions. Bro. Yerkes, 'W, was unanimously elected president. Bro. 
Welch was made manager of the foot ball team for the season of '98. 
Besides, we have two athletic directors. In the mandolin and glee 
clubs we are also well represented. 

Kentucky Alpha has also some fine students. Bros. Lee and Boyle, 
both of '02, and Bro. Caldwell, '00, are considered among the best 
at Centre this 5'ear. 

We started the season with six active men. B 9 II had seven men 
to return ; K A, 9 ; 2 X, 3. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Danville, October 29, 1898. Boyle O. Rodes, Jr. 


Vanderbilt University threw open the doors of the literary depart- 
ment on September 21. The medical and dental departments opened 
about three weeks later. Sixteen loyal Phis are representatives of the 
argent and azure. Three good men will probably affiliate with Tenn- 
essee Alpha: Bros. Cooper, Hardy and Hall. It is a pleasure to intro- 
duce our new brothers : Frank Carr, Sloss Baxter and Jno. Williams. 
One man is now pledged whom we hope to introduce in the next 
Scroll. Tennessee Alpha lost heavily this year by graduation, but 
by the end of the year she hopes to be as strong as ever. 

Phi Delta Theta is well represented in literary societies and athletics 
and will be well represented on the glee club. Bro. Teague won high- 
est honors last commencement, winning the Founder's medal. 

The chapter house has been recently painted and much improved. 
In a few weeks we hope to have it repapered and fitted for electric 

We were sorry to lose Bro. C. R. Baskervill from the active chapter, 
but rejoice to have him with us as instructor in college. Bro. W. S. 
Fitzgerald, who took his B. A. last year, has a good position in New 
Mexico as professor of English. Bro. Howard Boogher, the captain of 
our famous foot ball team last vear, is practicing law in St. Ivouis, Mo., 
with Bro. C. P. Williams, '97. ' 

Yours in the Bond, 

Nashville, October 29, 1898. Gilmkr Winston. 


It is with great pleasure that I am again enabled to report favorably 
on existing affairs at Sewanee as well as predict great nnprovements 
to be made in the immediate future, which will add greatly to this al- 
ready attractive and progressive institution. 

The new domitory is fast assuming an imposing appearance and will 
by March be ready for the juniors, who have heretofore enjoyed free 
dom of choice of a home while on the mountain. 

On the death of Mr. Wni. A. Goodwyn, of Nashville, on Oct. is 
Sewanee fell heir to a legacy of 5 10, (MX), to be used as a scholarship 

We have every reason to feel assured that within one year Sewanee 
will have a gymnasium second to none in the south. A large propor- 
tion of the requisite amount is now in hand, and the plans are being 

Our football team has so far given its loyal supporters every reason 
to feel proud of its work as well as hope for a successful year for the 


purple. We have met with many difficulties in procuring games, only 
having played one this season, which was. however, a victory for Se- 
wanee. As usual we will play our old rival, Vanderbilt, in Nashville, 
on Thanksgiving day. 

Tennessee Beta, unlike her sister chapters who are now busily en- 
gaged rushing, has passed through this season and is taking things 
quietly, as is usual toward the close of a college year when a chapter 
is in good shape. We take pleasure, however, in introducing Bro. 
Shelton, of Dallas, Texas, who has entered the academic department 
of the university. Though our chapter has only fifteen enrolled as 
compared with twenty last term, we are in excellent standing finan- 
cially, and our brothers are keeping up the high standard Tennessee 
Beta has always maintained in the university. 

Tennessee Beta will be represented at the convention by Bro. Tel- 
fair Hodgson, of Sewanee. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Sewanee, October 30, 1898. Robt. S. Jemison. 


The University of Georgia has opened with less flattering prospects 
than could be desired, less than two hundred students having entered 
so far. Consequently new club material is scant. Still, we have three 
good initiates — Bros. Graham Johnson, Atlanta; Ralph Bright well, 
Maxeys; and Rufus Carlton Cleghorn, Savannah. Moreover, we can 
safely count upon taking more men soon. Nine of our old men have 
returned. Though numerically small, we are larger than any of the 
other fraternities here with the exception of 2 A E, who has prided 
herself upon excelling in numerical strength for a number of years. 

Bros. John Dorsey and L. E. Harris, '98, have aided the chapter by 
their presence during the opening week of college. Bro. Ernest Hall- 
man, an alumnus of Atlanta, has greatly helped us by advice as well 
as by his presence, and has shown himself to be the loyal Phi that he 
always was. 

Bro. Richard M. Lester was graduated in the law department here 
in June. Bros. John Dorsey and L. E. Harris were graduated with A. 
B. Bros. Charles Harrold and Harrold Davenport were graduated B. 
S. with first and second honors, respectively. Bro. Davenport has 
been appointed to the position of adjunct professor in the department 
of physics and astronomy. Bros. K. D. Landers and Hamilton Mc- 
Whorter represented Phi Kappa literary society at commencement in 
June in the annual champion debate between the two literary societies 
here, Bro. Landers being the leading disputant. Bro. Emory Shannon 
represents us on the foot ball team. 

We are now occupying a chapter house for the second year. We 
have not hitherto been altogether successful in maintaining it. At 
present the sentiment of the faculty, the trustees and the alumni of 
the university is so strongly opposed to chapter houses as to discour- 
age brighter prospects in that direction. We await developments. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Athens, September 27, 1898. K. D. Landkrs. 


Again Georgia Beta is able to send in a report of which she is justly 
proud. The opening of college on September 21 brought to Oxford 
some good fraternity material, and when the dove of peace at last 


hovered over the rival fraternities, we found in our hands nine good 
prizes for 4» A 6 (the exact number, by way of parenthesis, we shall 
lose this year by graduation). Our new men are Bro. Guyten Parks, 
Dawson, Ga.; John Fletcher, Columbus; T. T. Tumbull, Florida; Roy 
Dekle, Thomasville ; Norman Poe, West Point ; Rogers, Augusta ; 
Bllerson Jenkins, Shiloh; Frank Hancock, Atlanta; Jos. Willard, 
Villa Rica. The chapter is now twenty-seven strong, and a better set 
of fellows, a more congenial band of brothers, would be hard to find. 
Our men stand prominent in the dashes, in the relay races and in all 
other athletics. For the four class base ball teams, * A B furnishes 
the pitchers. 

Bro. Frank S. Palmer represented Emory College in the Georgia 
oratorical contest, October 2(». He did his college honor. The orange 
and blue of Emory College, interspersed here and therewith white and 
blue were seen on every side, as Emory's loyal sons cheered their 
champion and his masterly oration. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Emory, October.']!), 1898. W. W. Tindai.1.. 


On the threshold of a prosperous year, Georgia Gamma sends her 
best wishes to her sister chapters. Mercer opened September 21 with 
an enrollment of three hundred men. This increase in attendance is 
doubtless due to our successes in the recent inter-collegiate oratorical 
contest, inter-state debate and inter-state oratorical contest, in which 
our representative bore off the laurels, as well as to our brilliant vic- 
tories on the diamond. 

Under the management of Bro. Whitney, our team defeated the 
following : Wake Forest, Alabama Polytechnic, Georgia School of 
Technology and the University of Georgia, besides several local teams. 
Bro. Whitney has the honor of being the manager of a team which 
holds the championship of the south with the exception of Virginia. 
It was greatly desired by Bro. Whitney to arrange for a game with 
Virginia, but some complications arose which prevented this contest. 
It is with pardonable pride that we can say that Phi Delta Theta re- 
tains the management of next year's team in the person of Bro. Clyde 
T. Turner, who was captain of last year's foot ball team and manager 
of the track team. 

This year we lost six men by graduation: Bros. Burney, Calloway, 
Pearson, Price, De Vaughn and Mallary. Hro. Price won first honor. 
Of the seven senior speakers, Bros. Calloway, Pearson and Burney 
were three. All of them took an A. B. diploma. In the law class 
Bro. De Vaughn won second place and Bro. Mallary won third place. 

Twelve enthusiastic Phis returned and welcomed Bro. N. E. Harris 
and Bro. J. W. Oglesby (both of Georgia Alpha) by affiliation. 

On our return we were somewhat discouraged by reason of the loss 
of our older brothers, but we entered into the fight with a determina- 
tion to do or die. After being hard rushed by all the other fraterni- 
ties throughout the entire summer, the following decided to cast their 
lots with Phi Delta Theta : Thomas Drew Massee, '02, Marshallville, 
Ga.; Chandler W. Wimberly, '02, Waynesborough, Ga. ; William II. 
Long. '02, Leesburg, Ga. ; Warren Roberts, M)l, Macon, Ga. ; Howell 
B. Erminger, '03, Macon, Ga. Mr. Sidney I). Hatcher, of Macon, '02, 
wears a pledge button and will join us in a few days. Two others 
who are considering entering school next year are inclined to us, and 
we can safely count on them. All these are men of sterling ability. 


strong individuality^ and are without question the pick of the men 
who entered the university. 

Bro. Turner has been elected debater from Phi Delta against the 
rival literary society and Bro. Coates against the law class. 

Our hall was remodeled and improved this summer- a gift from 
our alumni. So with our ranks increased and strengthened by the 
addition of these new men we enter upon a year which promises in 
many ways to be our best. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Macon, October 2, 1898. R. J. CoaTES. 


Since our last letter to The Scroll our chapter has been saddened 
by the death of two worthy brothers. Bro. Joseph F. Black, better 
known as 'Happy Jack,' died in the division hospital at Jacksonville, 
of typhoid fever. Bro. David H. Minge died at his home, of the same 

Prospects looked rather gloomy when we returned to the university 
this fall with only six old men, but we went to \vork and captured 
eight good men. So it is with great pleasure that I present tlie fol- 
lowing brothers: J. H. Pride. Jr., law, Madison, Ala.; Carl A. Brown, 
'01, Birmingham, Ala.; A. A. Walker, '01, Birmingham, Ala.; M. H. 
Jordan, '02, Birtningham, Ala.; J. P. Brown, '02, Uniontown, Ala.; J. 
D. McQueen, '02, Eutaw, Ala.; F.S.Montgomery, '02, Gadsden, Ala.; 
Peter B. Searcy, '02, Tuskaloosa, Ala. 

Bro. Craig, who was reporter for this year, did not return on account 
of having an appointment to West Point, and his place has been filled 
by Bro. Robertson. 

Our chapter roster now records the names of fifteen members, all 
prominent in the class-room, the debating societies, and on the ath- 
letic field. Bro. Clements is captain of the '00 foot ball and base ball 
teams; Bro. Fornian is vice-president of '01, sergeant in Co. A and 
associate editor of The Crimson-White; Bro. Robertson is secretary 
and treasurer of '01, and of the Erosophic literary society; Bro. Mc- 
Queen is secretary and treasurer of '02; Bro. Montgomery is captain 
of the '02 foot ball team, and Bro. J. P. Brown is historian of '02. 

In a social way Alabama Alpha keeps up her old standard. 

We have our eyes open for more new men, and I believe we shall be 
able next time to introduce all of them. 

Yours in the Bond of <f» A 9, 

Tuskaloosa, November I, ISIKS. R. B. RoBiiRTSON. 



The .seventy-fifth year of Miami has opened and now finds Ohio 
Alpha the victors of the rushing season. We have pledged more de- 
sirable men than all of the other chapters put together. At the open- 
ing things looked very discouraging, as we had only five men to enter 
the field, but now the chapter is as strong as ever, having four pledged 
and ten initiated men wearing our colors. 

On the nineteenth of vSeptember Hugh Wallace Evans was initiated, 
and on tlie twenty-sixth James Roy Jameson and Charles Foster Mac- 
ready rode the goat; on October third, William Reinck Hughey and 
James (t. Sanford were made Phis. We were pleased to affiliate Bro. 

77^5" SCROLL, 2n 

Leslie Downton from Centre College and Bra. Vaughn Voorhes from 
Ohio University. Our remaining pledged men are Messrs. Durban 
Ken, Liberty, Ind ; John Camp Curtis, Eminence, Kentucky ; Henry 
Hiestand, Eaton, Ohio, and Clinton McDill, Oxford, Ohio. 

The prosj>ects for a prosperous year are very good. We have Bro. 
Downton and Bro. Jamison on the first foot ball team ; Mr. McDill is 
captain of the second team. Bro. Mason is on the college paper 

We are pleased to acknowledge visits from Bros. Zwick, Shank, 
Hewendon, Jacobs and Van Pelt, who gave us valuable assistance dur- 
ing initiation and the rushing season. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Oxford, October o, 1H«)8. W. E. vStokks. 


The fall term of 1898 has opened with bright prospects for O. W. U. 
The attendance is larger than ever, and it is especially gratifying to 
meet so many new faces. The opening of the Slocum library, an ele- 
gant stone structure completed a few months ago, has created a fresh 
enthusiasm in every department of work. 

We lost four men by graduation last June : Bro. Kohl, who has 
since entered the University of Cincinnati law school; Bro. Burns, who 
is taking graduate work at Munich, Germany; Bro. Hooper, who is 
engaged in mission work in Nova Scotia; Bro. Gates, now studiiig law 
at Western Reserve University at Cleveland. 

Our seniors this year are : Bro. Cherington, who is selected to com- 
pete for the representation of O. W. U. in the coming inter-state ora- 
torical contest; Bro. Whitney, athletic editor of the Transcript and 
captain of the senior foot ball team; Bro. Pyke, manager of the O. W. 
U. foot ball team and first lieutenant of Co. A; and Bro. Pauley, a 
member of the Transcript corps, who completes the course at the 
close of this term. Our junior is Bro. Carson. We wish to introduce 
Bro. Earheart, '01, who is sure to add to the already glorious record 
of ♦ A O. Our other sophomores are : Bros. Curren, Hulse and Bayes, 
the latter second sergeant of Co. B. and captain of the sophomore foot 
ball team. Our pledged men are W. W, Blackman, 'OJ. J. M. Dolbey, 
'02, Robt. Ewing, '02, on the foot ball team ; C. C. Whitney, '02, on 
the foot ball team, and L. A. Tenny, '08. Bros. Clark and Dalbey won 
second place in the tennis tournament of last spring. 

Bro. Clark, '0<>, who is still among us, is tutor in mathematics. Bro. 
Bowker, of the 0th O. V. I., who has been dangerously sick with the 
regiment at Chickamauga, is now slowly recovering at his home in 
Bryan, Ohio. 

Our chapter has recently added materially to the beauty and conve- 
nience of the hall by the addition of a general reception room. We 
celebrated Halloween with a banquet, wliich was highly appreciated 
by all. 

We are glad to announce ourselves thoroughly prosperous and will 
gladly welcome any Phis who may come this way. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Delaware, November 1, 1808. W. K. Bavks. 


Ohio Gamma takes great pleasure in introducing Bros. George Leon- 
ard Gold, '02, Sedalia, Mo.; Carl Dunkle Shepard, '02, Mc Arthur, 


Ohio; and Fred Huntington Tinker (pledged), Athens, Ohio. These 
men were secured only after a spirited contest with our rivals. 

In college affairs, athletic and social, Ohio Gamma has a very promi- 
nent place. Bro. R. A. O'Bleness, '01, is making an enviable record 
as quarter back on the 'varsity eleven. Bro. J. P. Wood, Jr., '01, is 
manager of the second foot ball team. Bro. C. D. Shepard, '02, is 
treasurer of the Athenian literary society. Bro. T. H. Sheldon, '00, 
is organist at the First Presbyterian church at this place, besides edit- 
ing and managing the college paper and acting as treasurer of the Y. 
M. C. A. Bro. G. L. Gold, '02, is secretary and Bro. W. S. Sheldon, 
'02, treasurer of the class of '02. Bro. N. H. Bennett, '99, has secured 
a very remunerative position in the First Presbyterian church choir, 
at Chillicothe, Ohio. Bro. E. C. Merwin, '00, who has been superin- 
tendent of an electrical plant at Phillipsburg, Montana, has resigned 
and returned to this place and will be graduated with his class. 

Bro. Howard Charter, '97, of Co. B, 7th Ohio, who has been seriously 
ill at Camp Alger, has returned to his home here to recuperate. Bro. 
R. C. Super, '95, has returned to his home here after two years and a 
half of work in German and French universities. Bro. H. J. Herrold, 
*01, did not return to college this fall but holds a lucrative position 
with the Kanawha and Michigan R. R., at this point. Our band of 
resident Phis has also been increased by Bro. D. D. Canfield, of Illi- 
nois Alpha. 

We have received visits this year from Bros. H. W. Coultrap, '71, 
McArthur, Ohio; I). C. Casto, '74, Parkersburg, W. Va.; C. F. Heizer, 
'99, Gallipolis, Ohio; C. M. Shepard, '90, who is a student at the Jef- 
ferson Medical College; and Bros. Schoenle, of the Cincinnati chap- 
ter, and Torrence, of Ohio Alpha. 

We are all looking forward with a great deal of interest to the con- 
vention at Columbus, which we expect to attend in a body. 

Yours, in the Bond, 

Athens, October 22, 1898. Dorr C. Casto. 


We have been quite fortunate in rushing this season and have 
initiated Bros. W. Rov Carothers, '02, Sidney O. ; Earnest V. Reiitin- 
ger, '02, Chilicothe, O., and John G. wSterling, '02, Springfield, O. 
We have pledged John M. Barringer, '02, Washington, D. C, and 
Walter M. Dann, '02, of Columbus. O. 

Cupid seems to have been playing havoc in the ranks of Ohio Zeta. 

We take pleasure in announcing the marriage of Bro. Archer, ex- '99, 
at Cincinnati during the summer; of Bro. Atkinson, '98, at Plain City, 
Ohio, October 12 ; and of Bro. Foster. '98, at Athens, Ohio, October 19. 

Bro. Meily, Miiuni, '98, has joined us and will play on the mando- 
lin club of which J M. Barringer (pledged) is leader and director. 

Bros. Knox and Grant have recently been mustered out of the 1st 
Ohio Light Artillery and are again with us. Bro. Woods has received 
an lionorable discharge from the 7th Ohio, V. I. and expects to enter 
the law school soon. 

Ohio Zeta is looking forward to convention week with high expec- 
tations, and in co-operation with our alumni we are exerting every pos- 
sible effort to make the senii-centenial convention of <f> A 6 the grand 
success it is sure to be. We wish to inform 4> A 9 that we keep open 
house and want all Phis who come to Columbus to make the chapter 
house their rendezvous. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Columbus, October 30, 1898. Ci.audk R. DeWiTT. 



The school year is now well on its way, and Ohio Eta has much 
cause for rejoicing. By a little hard work and some valuable and sub- 
stantial assistance from our alumni, we have rented an elegant, roomy 
house on one of Cleveland's finest streets. We are situated within 
three minutes' walk of the college and have by far the finest chapter 
house at Case. Our chapter consists of thirteen active men, two hav- 
ing been initiated on October 17 : Bros. Harry M. Backus, '(K), and 
Ralph Braggins, M)l, men who, I am certain, will ever wear the sword 
and shield with honor to themselves and to Phi Delta Tlieta. 

We are still represented in the faculty by Bros. Carter and Spring- 
steen» and are also most fortunate in having Bro. French, *9S, with us 
in the house. He is engaged with the Home Telephone Co. 

Foot ball is prospering at Case under the efficient captaincy of Bro. 
Nieding, *00. Bro. Quarrie, '01, is also holding down his old position 
at tackle with much credit. Bro. Gleason, 'IM), played half back in 
the Michigan game. We expect the championship of Ohio to come 
our way this year. 

Seven of our chapter attended the Michigan game on October 19 
and were most royally entertained by the chapter there. Certainly, 
Michigan Alpha bears out her reputation of being one of the finest 
and most progressive chapters in the Fratenity. 

After the Syracuse game, on October li2, our house men entertained 
a number of young ladies at a dinner, which was pronounced a great 
success. Our matron. Miss Prichard, chaperoned the party. 

Ohio Eta sends heartiest greetings and best wishes for a long life of 
prosperity to our new chapter at Cincinnati. May she never forget 
the auties to the Fraternity which go hand in hand with the honor 

Our president, Bro. Stephan, has been elected delegate to the com- 
ing convention. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Cleveland, October 2<,), 1898. Rov C. Gii ford. 


The Cincinnati chapter of Phi Delta Theta numbers at present nine 
men. We were very sorry Bro. Kemper was compelled to leave us for 
Manila, but take comfort in the fact that what is our loss is another's 

On September 24, the resident alumni of Phi Delta Theta and the 
active chapter held a meeting at the Grand Hotel. The plans of the 
chapter, in regard to a hall, were fully discussed. What then was a 
plan is now a reality. Two rooms, one of which is very large, have 
been rented and furnished by the chapter. The rooms are located in 
the old Odd Fellows Temple, 216 West Fourth St. We hope no Phi 
will pass through Cincinnati without paying us a vivsit. 

The idea has been prevalent that the University of Cincinnati 
could not receive endowments as long as it was supported by taxation. 
The munificent gift of Mr. Briggs Cunningham of ^()(),0(H) for the 
erection of a hall of biology and physics refutes this idea. In honor 
of the donor the building will be called Cunningham Hall. 

The University of Cincinnati has long felt the need of a president. 
A determined enort is being put forth to secure a suitable man for the 
position. In my next letter to The vScroi,!, I hope to have something 
more definite to tell in this matter. 

The foot ball team has been very successful this year, having suf- 


fered thus far but one defeat. Bro. Cordes, '00, and Bro. Schoenle, 
law, '00, have played on the team. 

Bro. Schlemmer is a member of the athletic council from the aca- 
demic department. Bro. Lange, '00, is an associate editor of the Mc- 
Mickcn Kcvit'ic. Bro. Stovall, '^>9, is the business manager of the 
Cincinnatian^ the college annual. 

Bro. Gores has entered the law department. He will represent the 
chapter at the Columbus convention. 

I take pleasure in introducing to the fraternity, as pledged men, 
Edmund Schlemmer, '02 ; Harry Burke, '02, and Howard Schell, '02. 
Edmund Schlemmer is a brother of Oliver Schlemmer, '(K). Howard 
Schell is a cousin of Bro. Hugh Schell, of Ohio Alpha. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Cincinnati, October 31, ISiKS. Stuart A. McGiLi,. 


The university opened September 20 with the largest enrollment in 
the history of the institution. In view of the fact that the require- 
ments for admission have been made more stringent than heretofore, 
the number of new students is surprisingly large — about 275 having 
already matriculated. There are a number of important changes in 
the faculty this year. Prof. A. F. Kuersteiner, Ph. D. (Johns Hop- 
kins), has been chosen as head of the department of romance lan- 
guages; Dr. E. L. Bogart (Princeton) succeeds Dr. Fetter as professor 
of economics. Dr. V. F. Marsters (geology). Dr. D. M. Mottier 
(^ botany) and Dr. E. H. Lindley (psychology), have returned to their 
posts after three years' study in Europe. There have also been a nimi- 
ber of changes among the assistants and instructors. There are in all 
73 members of the faculty. 

In athletics Indiana bids fair to uphold the enviable reputation 
made last year, when she won the foot ball championship of the state, 
regained the base ball pennant by defeating her old rival De Pauw, 
and came out victorious over De Pauw in track and field athletics at 
the dual meet. Mr. J. H. Home, a graduate of Bowdoin and a student 
of Dr. Sargent at Harvard, has been engaged as physical director and 
athletic coach. He has succeeded not only in bringing out the old 
men, but also in developing some good raw material. Never before 
have the prospects for a winning team seemed so bright. The sched- 
ule, as far as arranged, includes dates with Rose Polytechnic, Ken- 
tucky, Cincinnati, Miami, Purdue and De Pauw. 

At the last commencement nine Phis received the A. B. degree : 
Bros. Wylie, Scholl, Cauble, Hughes, Fear, Wiles, Trook, Province 
and Smith ; Bro. Walter Brown, A. B., 'i>4, received the degree of A. 
M. Of these, Bros. Province, Hughes and Cauble will attend medi- 
cal college ; Bros. Scholl, Trook and Wiles are teaching ; Bros. Smith 
and Wylie are doing graduate work in the university ; Bro. Fear is in 
business at Frankfort, Ind. 

This year Indiana Alpha began work with fifteen men, not includ- 
ing Bros. Wilson, Indiana Beta, Hendricks, Indiana Delta, and Rogers, 
Indiana Epsilon, who are doing work in the university. Although 
fraternity material is plentiful among the entering students, rushing 
began usually early. It is by no means over yet however. Up to date 
we have initiated three men : Bros. Ralph Waldo Morris, Richmond, 
Ind.; William Andrew Russell, Blooniington, Ind.; and Louis Samuel, 
Bloomfield, Ind. We will doubtless have others to present before 
long. The chapter continues to hold its rank not only in spiking but 


in all lines of college life. In the faculty we have Bro. Lyons, pro- 
fessor of chemistry, Bro. Griffith, associate professor of English, and 
Bro. Ruby, instructor in French. The chapter is well represented in 
the various student organizations, in spite of the fact that we are the 
first fraternity to forbid membership in the Skulls of A A S, the junior 
class fraternity here, and have consequently brought upon ourselves 
some opposition from other chapters. There will be some Phis on the 
glee club, and at least one will be on the university eleven. 

Yours in the Bond, 
Bloomington, October 3, 1898. H. Lester Smith. 


Indiana Beta commenced the college year with six active men, hav- 
ing lost six from last year. Bro. Byers is attending the Columbia law 
school; Bro. Mitchell has left for Beirut, Syria, wnbre he is to act as 
professor of English at the Presbyterian college. Bro. P^nsminger is 
at the University of Wisconsin. Bros. Robb, Wilson and Alfrey have 
failed to return. 

Owing to lack of material the prospects for fraternities seemed not 
the brightest at first. Out of the nineteen men taken by the six Greek 
orders, however, Phi Delta Theta gained the victory by securing seven 
excellent men. We are greatly indebted to Bro. Mull for his assist- 
ance to us during the spiking season. We have initiated Oliver Wen- 
dell McGaughey, '99, Russellville, Ind. ; Charles Newton McClamrock, 
'02, Crawfordsville, Ind.; Harry Graham Evans, '02, Crawfordsville, 
Ind.; Joseph Byron Rush, '02, Crawfordsville, Ind.; Paul Wilson 
Welty, '02, Valparaiso, Ind. We have pledged John Bryson Bartholo- 
mew, of Valparaiso, Ind., and Carl H. Peter, of Seymour, Ind. 

The glee club this year promises to be a success. The manager has 
arranged for a three weeks' trip during the Christmas holidays and 
also for one during the spring vacation. Bros. Bartholomew and Mc- 
Clamrock are soloists, also representing us on the college quartette. 

Athletics in Wabash have been revived this fall, and prospects for 
^ood foot ball at not a far distant date are very favorable. Bro. Hays 
IS manager of the base ball team, and Phi Delta Theta will surely be 
represented on that body by two or more men. The college magazine, 
published monthly, is managed by Bro. Griesel. while Bro. P'oley is 
local and fraternity editor. Bro. Foley last spring won the Austin 
prize debate and this fall is stumping the state for the Democratic 
state central committee. 

We have not been fortunate enough yet to secure a good chapter 
house, but several of our boys room at one place, and nearly all the 
rest take their meals there; so we are thrown together quite a little. 
At the beginning of this year we greatly improved our hall. We have 
altered our chapter room and have very desirable (juarters for all our 
secret work. Our social standing in Crawfordsville is high, and we seem 
to have been successful in everything that we have undertaken this 

Yours in the Bond, 

Crawfordsville, October 28, 189<S. Walti-r Gr.KNX Todd. 


School op>ened October.*^ under most auspicious circumstances. The 
enrollment of new students was much larger than the previous year, 
and consequently much valuable material was on hand for the differ- 


ent fraternities to assimilate. The college residence, which has been 
practically vacant for the last few years, is being systematically con- 
ducted this year and is now filled with students. Owing to the lateness 
of our school's oj>ening and the great distance between the different 
departments of the university, our foot ball team is severely handi- 
capped. Notwithstanding all these odds, we hope to have a team 
that will be able to compete honorably with the other college elevens 
which we have to encounter. Up to date we have won three games 
by clean scores and lost none. 

<f» A e has no representative on the foot ball team this year, but Bro. 
C. W. McGaughey, '01, is captain of the basket ball team, and Bros. 
R. W. Ilobbs and McGaughey are on the Collegian staff, Bro. Hobbs 
being editor-in-chief. Bros. A. I^. Ward and Cunningham have the 
presidency of the senior and sophomore classes, respectively. 

Bro. V. S. Dalrymple, '98, is attending Cornell, with the intention 
of taking his A. M. in June. 

Bro. McGaughey, accompanied by Bro. W. M. Blount, '97, will go 
as our delegate to the convention at Columbus. 

Our chapter house is proving to be even a greater success than was 
anticipated. By the kind assistance of our alumni and our many 
friends, we now have it nicely furnished and have given one party a 
week since school opened. We were much pleased to receive a visit 
from Bro. A. G. Mace, Purdue, '01, who accompanied the foot ball 
team to Indianapolis on tlie date of the Purdue-Indian ^ame. We 
shall be glad to welcome any Phi who may chance to be in the city 
at any time. 

At the request of the faculty all fraternities of the college have 
agreed not to rush, spike or initiate any student below the freshman 

As a result of our fall work I wish to introduce four men who are 
proving themselves loyal wearers of the sword and shield and a fifth 
whom we shall soon initiate : Bros. Raymond Longley, '02, Nobles- 
ville, Ind.; Walter I.ybrand, '02, Terre Haute, Ind.; Bradford Wheat- 
craft, *02, Greenwood, Ind.; Harry Heinrichs, '02, Cumberland, Ind.; 
and Mr. Adkinson (pledged), Indianapolis, Ind. Mr. Adkinson has 
just been .elected president of the freshman class. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Irvington, October :50, 1S98. John M. Cunningham. 


At the opening of college this year only four men were on hand to 
respond to the first roll call. To those who knew nothing of the care- 
fully laid plans of last year the case looked desperate. But the advice 
given in the September Palladium was lived up to, and our opponents 
were * rushed off their feet. ' On the night of October 8 five men were 
initiated — one pledged last year and four new men. 2) A E has in the 
meantime taken in two men, one of them pledged last year. It is 
with much pleasure that we present Bros. John Stanley Williams, '00 ; 
Embree Munsev Slack, '99 ; Maris Marion Proffitt, '01 ; Emery Eugene 
Hill, '02 ; Clarence Karle Fisher, '02. 

The present indications are that as many more will follow before 
the close of the year. 

Bro. Holman, '00, is expected here this week, making our chapter 
roll ten, while 2 A E has eleven. 

We feel that through an uncorrected report of our rivals we are placed 


in a wrong light before the Fraternity. It is in the matter of a chap- 
ter house. Three years ago 2 A E rented the second floor of a dwell- 
ing near the college. But their attempt was not a success, and at the 
close of the year they dropped the plan. * A 9 has a great advantage 
in the matter of chapter rooms, having a suite of rooms in the new 
city building, easy of access, comfortable and well arranged for all 
purposes. The 2 A E rooms are on the fourth floor of the old college 
building, up under the roof. They are especially at a disadvantage 
when entertaining their friends. 

Bro. Parker, '97, has taken charge of the music department as pro- 
fessor of vocal music, harmony and composition. Bro. Williams, one 
of our new men, is instructor in the department of chemistry during 
the time the chair is vacant. Bro. Goodell, '^i<, has leave of absence 
and is pursuing special work at Chicago University. 

Yours fraternally, 

Franklin, November 1, 1898. F. G. Kknny. 


Since our last letter to The Scroli, we have initiated four men, 
Early in the spring we initiated Bro. Victor B. Demaree, '00, Franklin, 
Ind. At commencement we put through Bro. T. H. Masterson, '02. 
Rockport, Ind. This fall Bros. \V. E. Hunter and Levy Snyder, '02, 
have joined us. Bro. Hunter is from Clinton, 111., and Bro. Snyder 
from Milton, Ky. Along with these we announce Mr. E. T. Sher- 
man, Cleveland, Ohio, who has announced h's intention of joining us 
and who will in the near future ride the goat. 

We have lost a number of men in the past few months. Early in 
the spring Bro. E. S. Bridges, '00, quit college to enter the army, as 
did our pledged man, R. I. Dugan, '02. Bro. Bridges is now at home 
in Carroll ton, Ky., and at last report Mr. Dugan was with the army in 
Porto Rico. At commencement we lost Bro. T. C. Whallon, '9<S. Dur- 
ing the summer we received word from Bro. T. H. Jenkins, '01, that 
owin^ to an attack of typhoid fever he would not be able to be with 
us this year at least. A few weeks after college commenced we lost 
Bro. K. D. H. Reap, '01, by marriage. Although sorry to lose him, 
we can but wish him a happy future. 

* A has taken her share of honors in the college during the past 
year. Bro. T. H. Jenkins carried off the lower division of the Voris 
prize contest, and later, Bro. Oldfatlier, '09, along with another Hano- 
ver man, succeeded in winning the tennis championship among the 
colleges of the state in doubles. Bro. Deibler, '00, carried off the 
sophomore prize for oratory, and Bro. Jenkins, '01, the freshman prize 
for scholarship. Bro. Oldfalher also won the prize given for a series 
of essays on some missionary topic. For this year we are represented 
by two men on the foot ball team : Bro. Deibler, who plays left end, 
and Bro. Oldfather, who plays full back and is captain. Bro. Oldfather 
is now editor-in-chief of the students' department of the Hanover 

The college has picked up somewhat during the past year, and there 
was some very good material here at the opening of the year, from 
which we think we have the very best there was to be had. 

We have succeeded in refurnishing our hall at quite a good deal of 
expense, and we now feel justly proud of our home. 

At the beginning of the vear we received a visit from Bro. W. B. 
Snyder, '94. A little later 'Bro. T. C. Whallon, '98, came to see us. 


and his arrival was made the occasion of a little informal reception in 
the hall to some of our friends in college. Bro. Whallon has a position 
as reporter on the Cincinnati Post. 

Yours in the Bond, 
Hanover, November 1, ISys. \V. A. Oi^dfather. 


The attendance at De Pauw is about as large as it has been for the 
past three years. However, good men in the freshman class are not 
so numerous as usual, and as all the fraternities are reduced in num- 
bers, the spike has been one of unusual excitement. The faculty, hav- 
ing become alarmed at the state of society in the university, has seen 
fit to curb college spirit and enterprise by drafting a highly amusing 
set of * Social Rules and Regulations.' 

In the face of student indifference and faculty hostility, our foot 
ball team has made a fairly good showing. Bro. Ruick, Yale, '98, 
coached the team about three weeks, until he left to enter the Uni- 
versity of Indianapolis law school. Although he was with the team 
such a short time, we feel that its success is due in no small degree to 
his instructions. Class spirit has shown itself in the form of a series 
of class games. The sophomores, having defeated the freshmen, will 
play the winner of the senior-junior game for the class championship. 

It is with great pleasure that I introduce the following new Phis: 
Thomas Albert Hryan, '02, Greencastle, Ind.; Samuel Elijah Dove, *02, 
Tower Hill, 111.; Lester Paul Sims, '02, Portland, Ind.; James Vernon 
Kelley, '02, Greencastle, Ind., and Thomas Leroy Holland, '02, Knights- 
town, Ind. 

Bros. Stephenson and Walker are two of the three members of the 
athletic board, of which Bro. Stephenson is treasurer. Prof. Walker 
is manager of the glee club and Bro. F. S. Cartwright is president of 
the glee club and director of the mandolin club. The members of 
these clubs have not been selected, but our chapter will be represented. 

Bro. J. \\. Thomas has been chosen editor-in-chief of the Mirage to 
succeed Bro. F. L. Sims, who is teaching in Portland. Ind. Bro. 
Kelley is treasurer of the freshman class. Bros. F. V. Smith and J. E. 
Thomas are members of the Palladiuw board. Bro. F. S. Cartwright 
at full back represents us on the gridiron. Bro. Doyle is first sergeant 
in the De Pauw cadet corps. 

Of last \'ear's graduates Bro. Stults is teaching in Alabama; Bro. 
Mead is in the hospital corps, U. S. A.; Bro. Peters is tutor in Latin 
and taking graduate work ; Bro. O'Dell is teaching at O'Dell, Ind.; 
Bro. Roller is in a Philadelphia medical school ; Bro. Takasugi, '96, 
is taking graduate work; Bro. Hancock, '01, has entered the Uni- 
versity of Indianapolis law school. 

Tlie chapter has elected Bro. F. V. Smith, '99, delegate to the con- 
vention, and Clias. B. Campbell, '00, alternate. 

Yours in <f>i-/ccta, 

Greencastle, October 2"), 1S!KS. CilARi.ES B. CAMPBKI.L. 


September 14 found a very enthusiastic crowd of students back from 
their sunmier vacation, and among them a band of eight Phis, ready 
to capture anything worth capturing. Backed by our ten loyal alumni 
of Lafaj'ette, we took everything with ease. We have not lost a spike, 
and the following are wearers of the colors and will soon affix their 


names to the Bond which joins us all as one : John Davidson, Evans- 
ville, Ind.; Sims Russel, Chicago, 111.; Stuart Wyer and William 
Scofield, Madison, Ind,; Fred Waite, Michigan City, Ind.; John Kies, 
Pittsburg, Pa.; Telborn Fletchal, Poseyville, Ind.; Roy Wallace, La- 
fayette, Ind.; Lewellyn Williams and Robert Laidlaw, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. All these men come well recommended to us and they have 
more than proven their rights to be members of the Fraternity. 

There is a sadness that confronts us, which comes to every chapter at 
the beginning of each new year. In passing the grip among the mem- 
bers the cordial greeting of Bros. Batten, Sherry, Woollen and Fearis 
is found wanting. Bro. Sherry is studying law at home with the view 
of entering the University of Indianapolis next term. Bro. Woollen is 
now studying medicine at the University of Wisconsin. Bro. Fearis 
is expected back next term. 

Indiana Theta is proud of herself in the fact that she has a chapter 
house and the best dancing hall in Lafayette. The value of a chapter 
house was proven by last year's experience. Our hall was the scene of 
a pretty informal at beginning of the tferm. On October 'JO, Prof. Joakim 
Reinhard lectured at the hall on Hans Christian Andersen, for the 
benefit of the Purdue athletic association. 

The Purdue mandolin and glee club has been revived this year and 
is now better that ever. Bros. Peck, Waite, Wilson, Fletchal, Moore 
and McGregor are on the mandolin club. Bro. Dill represents us on 
the glee club. Bro. Peck is manager and Bro. Wilson is treasurer of 
the mandolin club. 

All the interest of the student body is at present centered in the 
foot ball team. Our team is lighter now than in former years, and instead 
of the old heavy line game, is playing a light running game. Bro. 
Davidson is trying for a position as half back. We have already won 
two games from the Haskell Indian Institute, of Kansas City, and on 
Nov. o, will measure our strength against Stagg's famous team. 

Since the beginning of the term we have entertained Bros. A. F. 
Sloneker, Ohio Alpha, Batten, '9S. and McMahan, '«»(;. All Phis who 
may chance to be about La Fayette are welcome to the chapter house 
or hall. 

Yours in the Bond. 

I^ Fayette, October 31, 181)s. Harlk R. 


Michigan's new law building is now completed. A large addition 
has been made to the library, and the dome, which for two years has 
left the main hall a rather queer sight, is to be replaced. Improve- 
ments to the extent of $\ 10,(M)0 have been made about the campus. 

The faculty and students were glad to welcome back to Ann Arbor 
President James B. Angell, who has been absent since July, 1897, as 
United States minister to Turkey. 

Since the year began we have had one initiation, when we intro- 
duced to the goat three men whom we take pleasure in presenting : 
Walter W. Fox, Detroit, Mich.; Walter A. Eversman, Toledo, Ohio, 
and William C. Helmers, Leavenworth, Kansas. We have now three 
other freshmen pledged, who, we expect, will shortly attempt to beard 
our whiskered goat — renowned for his bucking qualities and rise to 
loftier positions. We commenced this year with fifteen active mem- 

Of last year's seniors Bro. Treadway is superintendent of schools at 
Globe, Ariz.; Bro. Raynor is in Rochester, N. Y., superintending some 


railroad work ; Bro. Lowrie is in Detroit taking medical work in the 
Detroit School of Medicine ; Bro. Gorneflo enlisted in the 32d Michi- 
gan immediately after graduation ; Bro. Judson left school in April to 
join the Detroit naval reserves, on board U. S. S. Yosetnite, passing 
the examination and becoming an able-bodied seaman ; he expects to 
return to the university at the beginning of the second semester ; Bro. 
Palmer, who was leader of the 'varsity banjo club, entered Chicago 
College of Physicians and Surgeons this fall ; Bro. Pendill, the 'vars- 
ity's best guitar player, goes to Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

Bro. Elmer, of Stanford, has entered the literary department of the 
university, and Bro. Hulse, of Purdue, the law department. 

Michigan Alpha sends as her delegate to the convention Joseph 
Milton Barr, of Joliet, 111. 

Among the honors received by members of Michigan Alpha at the 
close of last year and the beginning of this are the following : Bro. 
Barr and Bro. Matthews represented us on the '1)9 law base ball team ; 
Bro. Hartsburg made the 'varsity track team last spring and this fall 
was elected captain of the '9!> law foot ball team ; Bro. Thayer has a 
position on the same team. On the '01 foot ball team we are repre- 
sented by Bro. Howell Begle, captain, Bro. Ned Begle and Bro. 
Dolphin ; Bro. Hoover represents us on the 'varsity mandolin club. 
Two others will quite likely will have positions on the 'varsity glee 
club, the examination for admission to which is to be held soon. Bro. 
Lowrie is a member of the sophomore Oracle board and of the '01 class 
executive committee. Bro. Bagley is chairman of the '02 social com- 
mittee. Your humble servant was treasurer of '00 sophomore hop 
committee. He now holds the position of assistant treasurer of the 
students' lecture association. And now you will smile when he adds 
another honor- -that of president of the students' anti- saloon club. I 
do not know whether I was chosen to be reporter because of any abil- 
ity to play the ' Michigan lyre ' or not, but I shall endeavor from time 
to time to give you an interesting account of what is going on at Michi- 
gan University and chiefly at the home of Michigan Alpha. 

At the beginning of the year our ' kennel club ' purchased a bull- 
pup, which had a grim visage like that of Moloch— really Moloch 
wasn't in it for ugliness. It is now my painful (?) duty to announce 
his entrance into the realms beyond. He was the terror of the neigh- 
borhood, having devoured the tail of a neighboring dog, and making 
an appeal necessary from a professor that we keep him * at home ' 
lest he devour all the children of the surrounding blocks. 

Michigan's annual game with her alumni is becoming extremely 
popular. I^ast Saturday the largest crowd that ever gathered on Regents 
Field was present to see the alunmi go down to defeat by a score of 
1 1 to 2. 

The faculty still seemed inclined to disfavor the idea of the com- 
bined 'varsity glee, banjo and mandolin clubs taking any trip this 
year, as bluntly as in previous years. 

Let the members of Phi Delta Tlieta from far and near remember 
that they are to make Ann Arbor and our chapter house their home 
while in this vicinity. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Ann Ar])or, November 1, 1898. ARTHUR J. Blkazby. 




Northwestern University opened the college year on September 22, 
with a registration of a little over 8,(K^) in all departments. The at- 
tendance in the college of liberal arts is about the same as last year, 
but the quality of the new material for fraternity purposes is better 
than it has been for a number of years. 

A number of improvements have been made by the university, the 
most noticeable of which is the iron fence inclosing the campus. A 
new academy building, the generous gift of Wni. Deering, adorns the 
campus. It is located at the southeast corner, about 2">() feet from the 
shore line of Lake Michigan. This building is known as Fisk Hall, 
in honor of Dr. Herbert F. Fisk, who for so many years has been prin- 
cipal of the academy. 

The entering class this year numbers about 2<X), and with nine fra- 
ternities and seven sororities in the field, the competition for new 
material has been quite sharp, with the result that some of the frater- 
nities have not added to their membership from the incoming class. 

Illinois Alpha has gone through the rush with colors Hying and has 
succeeded in taking five men : Earl K. Allyn, Mt. Ayr, Iowa ; David 
Harold Keller, Chicago, 111.; Hrwin R. Brown, Lebanon, Ind ; Thos. 
J. Uhrig, Chicago, 111., and Martin Crawford, Columbus (irove, Ohio — 
all of the class of '02 — were initiated on October l.S, and we take pleas- 
ure in presenting them to the Fraternity. These in addition to the 
eight old men who returned -Bros. Buntain, Cooke, Webb, Brown, 
Sturgeon, Case, Wheat and Phelps — make the present active member- 
ship thirteen, and we have five men pledged, three of whom will be 
soon initiated. 

Bro. Claude Seek, '01, will return with the beginning of the next 

The numerical strength of the other fraternities is as follows ( the 
numbers indicating men returned, initiated and now active, in the 
order named): 2 X, 8-1-4; * K 2, 4-0-4; B B II. i:i-7-2(); AT,1)-;M2; 
ATA. 10-2-12; 2 A E. fMMI; ^ N, 5-7-12; * K 4', 7-4- II. 

At the opening of the college year our chapter secured a house, and 
we are very pleasantly situated at IIMK) Sheridan Road, directly opposite 
the campus. Our house contains seventeen rooms, which give ample 
accommodation ; all of our members board in the house. Beta Theta 
Pi still occupies the same house which she entered last spring. Sigma 
Chi has given up her house, as only a few of her men returned. Delta 
Tau Delta still has the same house she has occupied for a number of 
years. Sigma Nu entered a house when she was chartered here last 
year and still occupies it. 

College enthusiasm is high, and all college are being 
better supported than for a number of years. Our foot ball team has 
won all the minor games, and while it has lost the only league game 
thus far played (to Chicago), we are by no means discouraged and hope 
to win our share, as we play Michigan, November o : Minnesota, No- 
vember 12 ; and Wisconsin, Thanksgiving day. We are a little weak 
in old players, but under the efficient coaching of F^arnard, Princeton, 
*98, the new men have developed remarkably. 

The Northwestern-Chicago ^ame is always a great event in bring- 
ing together the alumni and fnends of both institutions ; consequently 
a great many Phis were assembled at the game from Illinois Beta, 
Illinois Alpha and other chapters. 

A university band of twenty pieces has been organized by the stu- 


dents of the college of liberal arts. The glee club has been practicing 
since the opening of college and will soon give the initial concert. A 
trip through the southern states been planned for the Christmas vaca- 

Much interest is being taken in debating, and in the recent debate 
between the Rogers debating club and Adelphic debating society we 
were represented on the winning side by Bro. C. M. Clay Buntain» of 
the Rogers debating club. Bro. Buntain will also compete in the de- 
bate between the college of liberal arts and the law school, which is 
preliminary to the debate between Northwestern and the University of 
Michigan. Bro. Andrew Cooke is also one of the contestants. Bro. 
C. M. Clay Buntain has been appointed by the faculty one of the con- 
testants for the Cleveland prize declamation contest, January 13, 

By the termination of the war Bro. Andrew Cooke was enabled to 
return to college, and it is needless to say that he is the hero of the 
chapter. While in the service he was promoted to the rank of ser- 
geant, having passed the highest examination in military tactics of 
any man in his regiment. In the recent peace jubilee here he was 
one of the speakers. 

When the season for track athletics opens we will be represented on 
the team by Bro. R. S. Sturgeon, who m the western inter-collegiate 
meet last June won the half-mile and secured third in the quarter-mile. 

Bro. C. M. Clay Buntain has been chosen delegate to the national 
convention. Bro. F. J. Webb will act as alternate. Bro. F. J. R. 
Mitchell will also attend the convention. 

Verv sincerely yours in the Bond, 

Evanston, October 29, 189S. ' Frank W. Phelps. 


Illinois Beta is now in the midst of the rushing season. The fresh- 
man class is considerably larger this year than ever before, and the 
material is very good. The fraternities in general are making unusual 
efforts to finish out their depleted membership rolls. The faculty is 
now considering the advisability of reducing the time from six to 
three months during which it is not allowable to pledge and initiate 
freshmen, and this change of policy will be most welcome to us as 
giving us better oj)portunities for getting our new men into active fra- 
ternity work. 

We are finally settled in our new house, which we have completely 
furnished. There are nine of us living in the new quarters, and we fincl 
ourselves much more comfortably situated than formerly. 

We have added to our membership this year Eric M. L,ubeck, spe- 
cial, of Chicago, and we are proud to introduce him to the Phi world. 
Bro. Lubeck was initiated under difficulties, for the ceremony did not 
start until late at night, and some of the neighbors took exception to 
the joyous lime we were having. A complaint was made to the police, 
but through the elo(|uence of Hro. Little, of Illinois Wesleyan, the con- 
stabulary was finally appeased, and the fun was renewed. We were 
pleased to have present at the initiation brothers from the University 
of Illinois, lirown, Hillsdale, Northwestern, Knox, Wabash, Butler 
and Illinois Wesleyan — all alumni living in the city. Bro. Lubeck is 
university correspondent for the Chicago Tribune and served with the 
Illinois naval reserves during the war with Spain, he having been as- 
signed to the (hri;ofi. 

Bro. Ramsey has been elected secretary and treasurer of the mando- 


1 J 


I i 

M^. >^ 


lin club. Bro. Leake is in Omaha, engaged in surveying, but will be 
with us next year. Bro. Leake has been doing better than eleven feet 
in the p>ole vault, and we expect great things from him on the track 
team when he returns. 

We were pleased to have Bro. Palmer visit us last Sunday, and we 
all feel we have gained in fraternity spirit from the visit of our presi- 
dent. Bro. Chase has been selected as our delegate to the Columbus 
convention, with Bro. Hales as alternate. 

In the Bond, 

Chicago, November 1, 181»x. L. W. Case. 


College is in the midst of a very successful foot ball season, which 
promises to be the best Knox has ever had. Chicago was held to 
twenty-one points; Iowa was put upon the defensive, neither side 
scoring; all other games have resulted in victories for Knox. The 
Thanksgiving game between Beloit and Knox is being looked forward 
to with much interest, as it will be the first meeting between the two 
institutions on the gridiron. We are especially proud of the team's 
work for the reason that it is captained and managed by Phis, four 
being on the 'varsity. A class schedule has been arranged, and teams 
are being organized, in which Phis have a prominent part. 

Two very enjoyable parties have been given thus far in the chapter 

It is with pleasure that we introduce Bro. D. Arthur Cook, '02, of 
Ottawa, Illinois. 

Bro. Blodgett has been elected president of the senior class; he was 
Knox delegate to the Illinois inter-collegiate oratorical association 
meeting in Galesburg, October 7. Bro, Parkin is treasurer of the jun- 
ior class and president of the Knox oratorical association. In the 
senior Pundit club Bros. Strain and Blodgett are the only fraternity 

All Galesburg Phis extend warm congratulations and a hearty wel- 
come to Bro. Herman H. Potter, '01, who has recently returned from 
Porto Rico, where he was detained by a severe attack of fever. He 
will enter college next term. Bro. Walter B, Palmer has recently 
honored us with a most pleasant visit. We have also received visits 
from Bros. Williams and Tunni cliff of Illinois, and from Bro. Hobbs, 
captain of the Iowa team. 

In the Bond, 

Galesburg, October 29, I8US. Harold M. Holland. 


The year opens with a promise of lively times at Lombard. The 
number of students is larger than usual. One of the literary societies 
has arranged an attractive lecture course. A dance in the gymnasium 
on the evening of September 24, was an auspicious opening of the 
social season. 

We had a good opportunity to dispose of our house to advantage, so 
we accepted it. From the sale we realized enough to build a lodge, 
which may be expected soon. 

Our chapter is small this year, and the new material is not of the 
best, but we are picking out a few good men. We lost by graduation 
I^ros. Brown and .Allen. Bro. Ernest Landers has gone to the Uni- 


versity of Michigan, and Bro. W. A. Johnson is in the Columbia law 

The foot ball team has opened the season well by winning its first 
game, 27-0. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Galesburg, October 4, 1898. Howard E. Foster. 


Illinois Kta of Phi Delta Theta opened the year with just thirteen 
active members, some very active and valuable men being lost by 
graduation and otherwise last spring. Bro. Walker has gone into 
business with his father at Moline, 111., and Bro. Hatch has followed 
his example, being located at Goshen, Ind. Bro. Goodrich is with the 
Western Electric Company, of Chicago, and Bro. Hazlitt is an archi- 
tect connected with the firm of I). H. Burnham & Co., of the same 
city. These members, together with Bro. Fulton, who is back in the 
law school, were the members of '98 who were graduated. Besides 
these, Bro. Bernhardi has entered Rush Medical, and l^ros. Jack and 
Huffman are both remaining home for a year. 

The rushing season was never, perhaps, wanner than this fall, and 
although it is not yet ended by any means, Illinois Eta has seven new 
pledges to her credit, three of whom have been already initiated. The 
latter are: Walter Roy Hatch, Goshen, Ind.; Maurice F. Bayard, 
Vincennes, Ind.; and Louis B. Tuthill, Anna, 111. The remaining 
spikes, who will be initiated later, are James Tunnicliff, Galesburg, 
111. ; Robert .D. Ward, Benton, 111. ; Guy Oliver Duffy, Ottawa, 111. ; and 
Edwin Lyon Draper, Urbana, 111. The latter is the only son of Presi- 
dent Andrew Sloan Draper, of the University of Illinois, and was 
eagerly rushed by every chapter in school. Illinois Eta may well con- 
gratulate herself upon adding his name to her list. Mrs. Draper is a 
patroness of the Fraternity, and on the evening of October 28 enter- 
tained the chapter and their friends with an elegant dancing party at 
the president's house. 

The foot ball team is comjwsed almost entirely of new men this 
year and so far has not been quite up to the usual standard, but will 
probably show up stronger at the end of the season. Bro, Jolinston is 
captain of the team and easily the star player. There is probably no 
better half back in the west, and last year he was placed as substitute 
on the All Western team. One or two other Phis are also playing and 
will make strong bids for positions on the 'varsity. Bro. F'rank Slieean 
is manager of the base ball team this year, and prospects in this line 
are very promising. Four Phis were on the team last spring, three of 
whom are back in school. 

At our last meeting we were honored by a visit from Bro. J.W. 
Lindley, one of the founders of 4> A B fifty years ago at Miami. He 
gave the chapter a very interesting talk on the first work of the Fra- 
ternity and said that the meeting of Illinois Eta was the first regular 
fraternity meeting that he had attended since leaving Miami. 

2 A E has been granted a charter here and will start out with about 
sixteen men. They will be initiated some time this term. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Champaign, November 1, 1898. Wm. J. FilTON. 



We started the year with fourteen old men back and two already 
pledged, but we were on the field as early as anybody and soon had 
seven more pledged. Seven of these have already been initiated, and 
I wish to introduce Bros. Mark Newman and Joseph W. Jackson, 
Madison ; Thomas W. Leahy, Marion, Iowa ; Robert S. Hyde, La 
Crosse, Wis.; Byron H. Stebbins, Little Falls, N. Y.; Harold G. Fer- 
ris, Carthage, 111.; and Sidney C. Niles, Oak Park, 111. Nelson Wil- 
cox, Eau Claire, Wis., and Joseph A. Gund, Freeport, 111., are pledged 
and will be run in in the near future. 

Bro. Herbert M. Woollen, of Indiana Theta, is in Wisconsin this 
year and expects to be affiliated soon. Bro. Leonard A. Knsminger, 
of Indiana Beta, is also with us and may be affiliated later. 

The university opened with a larger attendance than ever, espec- 
ially in the freshman class. This class was very rich in fraternity 
material, and nearly every chapter took in more men this year than 

Our foot ball prospects seem to be brightening, thanks to the able 
coaching of Bro. King, who has made a good team out of a lot of new 
material. Bro. Anderson at end, is our only representative on the 
team this year. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Madison, November 1, 181KS. John G. Osborne. 


Bro. Wright, our reporter last spring, enlisted in the Fifteenth Min- 
nesota, being the only member of Minnesota Alpha that enlisted. He 
is now a sergeant in Co. L. 

When we returned to college this fall after vacation, we found the 
chapter rooms in pretty bad shape and promptly infonned the land- 
lord that he must repair to suit us or we would leave. The carpets 
had already been removed, and we had only the small smoking room 
to meet in. In the course of a week or so we had matters arranged, 
and it was next to impossible to get inside of the rooms for the work- 
men, dirt and noise. This, however, is over now, and our rooms look 
like new ones. The carpets have been replaced by hard-wood floors 
and rugs. Gas has been put in, the rooms have been repapered and 
painted, and the library has been reroofed, making it much more com- 
fortable, as the old roof had become sadly weather-worn. 

In spite of our not having had our rooms, and there being only one 
or two of our homes at which we could meet, we have pledged and 
initiated three men: Bros. Calvin Confer, Robert Wetmore and Robert 
Jones, who is a brother of Bro. Tom Jones, of this chapter. Besides 
these we have several men on the string, whose names we expect to 
add to our roll soon. A number of our men have not returned to col- 
lege. Bro. Louis Wright, as already mentioned, is with the Fifteenth 
Minnesota. Bros. Joe Smith and Alexander Ostrom are employed in 
the city in a wholesale house and in one of the banks, respectively, 
and Bro. Brush is applying his knowledge of civil engineering in Ha- 

Bro. Chas. Adams, '!)'), is back in college and is playing his old 
position of quarter back on the 'varsity eleven, taking the captain's 
place while he is recovering from a fractured skull. 

Bro. McKusick seems to have had the largest share of honors 
thrust upon liini. He is a department editor of the engineers* yep' 


book, on the board of the Minnesota Maj^azine^ manager of the man- 
dolin club and senior captain of the battalion. 

Good fraternity material is not plentiful at Minnesota this year, and 
as it has always been our policy to take in men because they were 
men and not because they helped to swell the list of members of 
^ A 8. we have had plenty of hard work to do, and there is plenty 
ahead of us. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Minneapolis, October 31, 1898. Wm. T. Donai^dson, Jr. 


Seven loyal Phis returned this year, and since our last letter we 
have initiated Bro. A. B. Cullison. The chapter is marked for its unity 
of purpose and work, and will introduce into the Phi fold a goodly 
number of recruits before many moons. The university this year is 
stronger and the prospects exceedingly bright. 

Bro. Edwards, Ohio Beta, who is now a professor here, has taken 
charge of the mechanical and science department with an enthusiasm 
and energy that is marked. The mechanical building has amounted 
to little in the past two years, but under the energetic and careful 
management of Bro. Edwards it is becoming one of the leading features 
of the school. 

Bro. Adam Weir, a former active member of Iowa Alpha, and his 
estimable wife royally entertained the active members of Iowa Alpha 
with their friends and a few alumni on Thursday evening, October 20. 

In our former military report we neglected to report the name of 
Bro. A. T. Day, *0(), who is a member of the hospital corps of the regu- 
lar army, and is stationed at Fort Sheridan, 111. Bro. J. S. Randall, 
'99, a corporal in the olst Iowa, is now at his home in Birmingham on 
a furlough. Since returning from San Francisco he has been taken 
down with a slow fever. We hope he may soon regain his former 
health and strength. 

Phi Delta Theta has received her share of honors in college this fall. 
Your correspondent is treasurer of the athletic association, and he and 
Bro. Stafford will represent the Hamline literary society in its annual 
debate with the Philomathean society, Bro. J. M. 15eck is president 
of the senior class. 

Our college paper. The Io7va Wcslcyau^ is prospering this year un- 
der the editorial management of Bro. Beck, and the advertisements 
and subscriptions are being looked after by Bros. Crawford and vStafford. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Mt. Pleasant, October :S1, 1898. Frank D. Throop. 


The university opened without an increase in registration over last 
year. In the early part of the year we suffered a great loss in the 
death of our president. His illness was short and death unexpected. 
There was no military drill during the first six weeks of this term on 
account of I^ieutenant Ely's appointment to a connnand at Fort Cook. 

The university is to be the recipent of a collegiate building which is 
to cost {lo.OOCK 

Our chapter is doing very well so far. We have initiated six men 
and have five pledged. The new additions are Bros. Balle, Hunting- 
ton, Murphy, McKee, St. Clair and Ball. Bro. Murphy played centre 
field on the base ball team of *98. Bro. McKee is treasurer of the 


athletic union. Four men were graduated last year : Bros. Soleman 
and Barker from the collegiate department rPh. B. i, Bro. Price from 
the law, and Bro. Leech from the dental. Soleman is taking a course 
in pharmacy at Northwestern, Bro. Price is practicing in Des Moines 
and Bro. Leech in Winterset, Iowa. Bro. Roberts, who was a dental 
student here last year, is attending the dental school at at Northwest- 
ern. Bros. Fee and Neal enlisted in the army. Bro. Fee is second 
sergeant in the oOth Iowa, Co. E. Bro. Neal is clerk to the brigade 
commissary, 2d brigade, 2d division, 4th corps. Bros. Reily and Peet 
applied for enlistment but failed and did not return to finish the term's 

Bro. Hobbs is captain of the 'i>8 foot ball team. Bro. Birk ib captain 
of the sophomore collegiate team. In the dual tennis tournament with 
Iowa College, the university took singles and doubles, both first 
and second places. Bro. Balle played second singles for the university. 

2 X returned ten men and has taken in five. 4> K 4^ returned seven 
and has initiated five. B 4> n returned ten and has initiated one. ATA 
returned ten and has one new man. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Iowa City, October 2.'), 1898. B. A. Shavkr. 


The ranks of Missouri Alpha are still thinned by the retention of 
the various volunteer regiments in the service. Bro. Maitland is with 
the 3d Engineers, now in Porto Rico. Bro. Brent is with the 6th Mis- 
souri at Jacksonville, Fla. Bro. Williams, '97, is convalescent at his 
home in Dallas, Texas. He contracted typhoid fever while with his 
regiment at Chickamauga. The brothers of the 5th Missouri are now 
in Kansas City, preparing for muster out, and, by the time this letter 
is published, will have doffed the blue and donned the cap and gown. 

As to university news, it is gratifying to be able to say that the 
steady increase in the number of students has not been checked by the 
fact that the requirements for admission have been again raised nor 
yet by old Missouri's having furnished twelve and one-half per cent, 
of her last year's sons to the volunteer army. 

Prof. J. P. Blanton, head of the department of pedagogics, has just 
been elected to the presidency of the University of Idaho and has left 
Columbia to take his new charge. 

A chair of journalism has been established by the curators. A 
course in sanitary engineering has lately been added to the curriculum. 
This course will be under the direction of Bro. H. T. Cory, who has 
just returned from Europe, after a wide study of the subject in the 
various cities. 

The chapter house movement is on the boom at Missouri. B 8 n 
occupies the house rented by 2) A E last year, the latter having secured 
a house nearer the university. K S has taken a house, and S X is 
casting about for a nest. Missouri Alpha has taken perhaps the bold- 
est and wisest course in this matter. Our chapter has purchased a 
lot facing the campus and within a stone's throw of Academic Hall, 
and intends to erect a substantial chapter house of its own in the com- 
ing year. 

Of last year's chapter, Bro. Guy Thompson is practicing law in St. 
Louis and is more than usually successful. He is connected* with the 
prominent firm of Ryan and Campbell. Bro. Johnson is also a mem- 
ber of the St. Louis bar. Bro. M. R. Conley has entered the law office 


of Bro. Sebastian, 70, at Columbia. Bro. Dunlop is in business in 
Kansas City with the firm of Swift and Co., packers. 

Missouri Alpha's active members of last year have suffered more 
from Cupid's darts than from Spanish bullets. Surprised as the chap- 
ter was at the desertion of Bro. Miner York into the ranks of the Bene- 
dicks last summer, our faith in man was still more severely shocked 
at the sudden taking off of Bro. J. L. Stephens, who esp»oused Miss 
Martha Blanton. at Chicago, a few days since. Bro. Stephens is in 
business at Columbia. 

After the clamor of the rush is over, Missouri Alpha finds sitting in 
the shadow of the shield five neophytes : Bros. Robert C. Forsythe, 
Kirkwood, Mo.; Charles H. Hamilton, St. Louis; George Houck, Jr., 
Cape Girardeau; J. P. McBaine, Columbia; and William V. Switzler, 
Jr., (third Phi of the family) Columbia. 

Missouri Alpha continues active in every phase of college life. In 
the newly organized senior society, Q E B H, we were represented last 
year by Bros. H. B. Williams and 'Uncle Fuller' Switzler, and are this 
year by Bros. Edmunds and English. Bro. Broderick has been elected 
a member of the Saviiar board, a high mark of distinction from his 
class. Bro. Peper is playing an excellent game of foot ball and will 
probably make the team. In the cadet corps Bro. Edmunds is senior 
captain, Bro. Ruffner is sergeant major, and many lesser offices are 
held by members of the chapter. In the recent amateur presentation 
of the play *A Social Glass,' for the benefit of the athletic association, 
on the evening of the day of the Nebraska- Missouri game, Bros. 
Burruss, Watson and Smith held prominent positions in the cast. Bro. 
White is a member of the foot ball board and forwards foot ball inter- 
ests by efficient coaching of the second team. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Columbia, November 1, 1898. Geo. H. EN<iUSH. 


Westminster College opened its forty-sixth session on September 8 
with prospects for a successful year. Our chapter returned six of last 
year's men— Bros. Baker, Baldwin, Caruthers. Scott, Stratton and 
Swope ; Bro. C. F. Lamkin, who for three years has been an instructor 
in the Sedalia (Mo.) high school is tutoring in the college and doing 
senior work. We take pleasure in introducing Bros. Martin Yates, '02, 
Fulton, Mo.; Thurman August Kinder, '02, Marble Hill, Mo.; and 
William Inurbes Conway, '01, Sedalia, Mo. Mr. Walker, whom we 
have pledged, will be initiated in October. Our chapter has been fa- 
vored with visits from several of our alumni, among them Bros. Fer- 
guson, Jacks, Atkinson and Bro. E. O. Grover. l\irttnouih, '94. 

Prosi>ects for foot ball are fair. Bro. Sam. Anderson, Missouri Al- 
pha, who coached our team last year, is in the army. Kro. Cousley. 
captain, is also in the 4th Missouri and may not be able to be in col- 
lege until the second term. Bro. Stratton is president of the athletic 
association and Bro. Lamkin is manager. Bros. Kinder, Stratton and 
Caruthers will probably make the team. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Fulton, September 29, 1898. P.\ri. Baldwin. 


Your reporter came back to find Missouri Gamma in a flourishing 
condition with seven old members and three new brothers, and a bright 


grospect of more, the freshman class being larger than usual. 2 A E 
as made no initiations as yet. 

The new members are Bros. Edwin Carter, Carr Glasgow and Harrj' 
Pollard, the first two being brothers of older members. They were 
initiated on October 15, wliicli was our first regular meeting of the 
year. The first meeting should have been held some time ago. but 
most of us were away on our summer surveying trip, which takes up 
the first month of the college year. The brothers that remained in 
town did good work pledging the good freshmen and keeping in close 
touch with the promising ones. Our hall has been refurnished, and 
the chapter house fund is growing steadily. 

We report with much sadness the death of Bro. Rutland Arbuckle, 
who died at San Antonio, Texas, on October ir>, after a long illness. 
He joined our chapter in 18i>5 and was with us but one year, having 
to drop his studies to go south for his health, where very little was 
heard of him until the sad news of his death. 

Yours in the Bond. 

St. Louis, October li), 1808. Jas. Adkins, Jr. 


In our last letter we stated that Kansas Alpha had not returned very 
strong numerically but that we would prove not to be a ' fatal few. ' 
Our condition now verifies the prediction and warrants the further 
assertion that our strength otherwise is getting hard to beat. We en- 
tered the rushing season fearlessly and have fought dauntlessly and, 
as the smoke now begins to clear away, we find that the eight trophies 
which fell into our hands are the eight pari'Atr//i'ftiY. 

Glancing back in retrospect our success thus far seems quite phe- 
nomenal, ahnost incredible. It is no doubt due in part to the liberal 
supply of fraternity material that entered here this fall and partly 
perhaps to an overseeing Providence, but more than to all else com- 
bined we owe it to the invincible energy, vim, push and rush which 
characterized our every engagement. With our present membership 
we are and will continue more and more to be a moving p>ower in 
every department of college activity. Our new men are not such as 
will require development and coaching but will enter into affairs read- 
ily and actively. 

Foot ball matters at K. U. are not very ' f ratty ' this year, all but 
one, a Beta, of the 'varsity team being Barbs ; the Phi Psis also have 
a sub. full-back. Along about October Bro. Jewett decided that he 
would like to win some foot ball glory for himself and the sword and 
shield. lie went into training and shortly became first sub. and is 
now crowding hard for a place on the 'varsity. His chances are good 
for being in the great struggle of next Saturday between Kansas and 
Nebraska. This will be the crucial game for K. U. this year and on 
its result depends largely the possession of the pennant of the Missouri- 
Kansas Nebraska league. The rivalry between the states is unusually 
keen. Some of the t)pposing team are Phis, and we are planning to 
show them a good time with a party at our hall the night after the 

Our chapter apartments are, by the way, a very important item in 
university affairs. For fraternity purposes they are the finest and 
most perfectly adapted to be found in Lawrence ; our possession of 
them is a source ot much envy. Tliey embrace a floor area of about 
11.") X 2-'> ft. and include a commodious parlor, superbly furnished and 
opening upon an ideal dancing hall with two dressing-rooms. Thus 


equipped, we have all our rivals socially handicapped, as the only 
other hall permanently leased is a meager one in K. U. 's solitary 
chapter house. 

It is our misfortune that the advisory council has prohibited the 
long-established institution, the glee and banjo club, for we are noth- 
ing if not musical. We might almost start out on our own responsi- 
bility, but will think twice before attempting anything rash. An 
entrenous music club would l)e, to say the least, an innovation. 

We can not but congratulate ourselves on our prosperity at this the 
end of our first half century and rejoice that our sister chapters give 
evidences of a similar welfare. Let others come to the convention 
prepared to compare notes. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Lawrence, November I, 1H98. Frank K. Cask. 


The chapter suffered severely when the President issued his call for 
volunteers, but those who did not enlist have returned and gone to 
work with characteristic vigor and enthusiasm. 

We have moved into a new house, much better suited to our needs 
than the one of last year, both in the matter of room and proximity to 
the university. We have spent considerable money and time in fur- 
nishing it, so that now we have a fraternity home that we are glad to 
show to our friends, the enemy. 

There are at present fifteen active members in the chapter, but one 
more will be added to the number soon in the person of Bro. R. S. 
Mueller, who has been in charge of an electrical exhibit at the Omaha 
exposition from June to November, until the opening of school con- 
jointly with Bro. Stone, afterward alone. 

Of these sixteen, four are graduates, five seniors, three sophomores 
and four freshmen. Bro. Roddy, one of the graduates, was a lieuten- 
ant in the 2d Nebraska, and has returned to take up the study of law, 
being the only one of our soldiers who has come back. 

The chapter gave an informal dance at the house a few nights ago, 
a thing which we could not have done at the house of last year. 

Bro. Tukey still continues to play foot ball, and in the management 
of the athletics of the university we are represented by Bros. Hastie 
and Stebbins, the former being assistant foot ball manager and the 
latter a student member of the standing athletic committee, which has 
all the athletics of the school in charge. 

The corps of cadets is this year under the management of a former 
student, Chas. W. Weeks, who is making an efficient commandant. 
Here we are well represented. Bro. Hastie is senior captain ; Bro. 
Stebbins is the next ranking captain, having charge of Co. B. ; Bro. 
Sumner is adjutant ; Bros. McCreery and Mansfekle are lieutenants, 
and Bros. Sherman, Tukey and Abbott are corporals. 

There was a true red-letter day in, the history of the University of 
Nebraska, when last Friday a new building was dedicated, to be called 
Mechanic Arts Hall. A holiday was given, and the different cere- 
monies called forth much enthusiasm from the student body. 

The more radical change in the college curriculum has been the 
addition of a school of domestic science, which became popular at 
once and is doing good work in a wide field. 

The most important change in the make-up of the faculty has been 
the inauguration of a new head for the department of electrical engin- 


eering, Prof. Morgan Brooks taking the place of Prof. Owens, who 
resigned last spring. 

Our foot ball team has played five games this season and won all, 
defeating Missouri in the inter-state contest by a score of 47 to C. 

We hope to have three or four members represent us at the Colum- 
bus convention in November. 

Our greetings to the new chapter in Cincinnati, though belated, are 
none the less sincere and cordial. 

Fraternally yours, 

Lincoln, November I, I8t)8. John T. Sumxer. 


It is with the pleasure that always attends the telling of good news 
that California Alpha now greets the Fraternity. For, after years of 
effort on the part of generous alumni and co-operating under-gradu- 
ates, a chapter house, owned by a fraternity corjwration (Phi Delta 
Theta of Berkeley) constitutes our permanent home. 

The house occupies one of the finest corners in Berkeley, the lot 
measuring 100 by 1:50 feet on Durant avenue and Dana street, res|>ect- 
ively. The frontage is south and west, which fact, together with the 
size of the lot, secures sunny rooms during the whole day. Car con- 
nections are excellent, one of the two electric lines running to Oak- 
land passing our door on Dana street, while the other is but one block 
distant. The train connecting with the San Francisco ferry can be 
taken after a walk of ten minutes. And, best of all, the main en- 
trance to the university grounds is only two blocks away. As regards 
surroundings, it is only necessary to say that we are in the midst of 
the best residence section of the town. A number of the members of 
the faculty and five of the fraternities are our near neighbors, while 
the leading churches are all within five minutes' walk. 

The interior is extremely well arranged for fraternity purposes and 
is, perhaps, larger than a view from without would indicate. To t>e- 
gin at the bottom, we have a well kept, cemented cellar, containing a 
well appointed dark room and a large furnace with register connec- 
tions in every room on the first and second floors. On the first floor 
are two large parlors and a dining-room, separated by double door- 
ways and conveniently connected with the front and back hallways, 
each of which can be entered from without and from the second floor. 
The rear portion of the floor is occupied by the laundry, servant's 
room, kitchen, pantry and pass-pantry. The second floor contains 
three large double and two single bed rooms, besides the bath room, 
linen closets and hallway. The third floor is divided near the rear of 
the house into two parts, separated by a passage way. To the front 
is a large fraternity room, reserved for meetings and initiation pur- 
poses, a regalia room, and another room to be used as occasion may 
indicate. The fraternity room is entered from the hallway bv a glass 
door, draped on the inside with black and bearing in white lettering 
(the work of brother Hanna) a vskull and cross-bones, the open motto 
(in Greek) and the symbolic six stars. Directly opposite this door is 
that admitting to the'den ' or smoking-room. Its door bears the legend, 
' Sackcloth and Ashes,' the first word being indicative of the material 
used in the decoration and the last of its purpose — sociability as pro- 
moted by the consumption of good tobacco. Every portion of the 
house is well lighted and well ventilated; the gas, water and heat 
connections are ample and thorough, and the plumbing is excellent. 


It only remains to speak of the garden, which is well filled with fruit 
trees and shrubbery, the latter affording material for interior decora- 
tions, and of the barn, which is used for storing purposes and the ac- 
commodation of the Chinese cook. The chapter considers itself ex- 
ceedingly well housed. 

The membership of the chapter, with the exception of the matter 
of absentees, presents equal cause JFor congratulation. Bros. Hender- 
son, Hanna, Bugbee and Engstrum, '00, and Bro. Creed, '01, are ab- 
sent from college on leave. Of these it is certain that the first three 
will return in the near future; and the other two still express the 
hope that they may be able to re-enter. At present, we have thirteen 
active members, including four freshmen of excellent promise. Seven 
of these and Bro. Reinhardt, '07. medical, '(K>, live in the house. The 
prol>ability is that next term will see at least ten men in the house. 
Rushing is still progressing, though with abated vigor. We have 
been and are awake to responsibility and opportunity in this line. 
Our initiates are Bros. Ashley Faull, San Francisco; Middleton Stans- 
bury, Chico; Ray Crawford, Los Angeles, and Harry Kluegel, Hono- 
lulu. In getting these men we achieved notable victories over .several 
other fraternities. It is safe to say that our next letter will contain 
more new names. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Berkeley, (October 20, 1.^98. Ai.uhrt J. Brown. 



It is well known to Phidom that the Kentucky Alpha Alumni chap- 
ter of the Fraternity has, for .several years past, occupied a solely 
negative position in the ranks of the alumni chapters of Phi Delta 
Theta. Hence, we believe that the knowledge that the chapter is 
once more on its feet and ready, so far as its limited province permits, 
to aid the Fraternity, will come in the nature of a pleasant surprise. 

In the past four years, nearly every desirable man who has loft Louis- 
ville for a college in which a Phi chapter is located, has done the correct 
thing by joining that Fraternity. As Louisville is the business, new.s- 
paper and professional centre of this part of the south, many of the 
younger generation of Phis from other towns and cities have come 
here in the hope of ama.ssing their fair share of the filthy lucre 
thought to be lying around loose in this old Kentucky town. T'resh 
from college and fraternity associations, the youngsters would not rest 
content until an active organization of the Fraternity was once more 
a reality here. 

Under the leadership of our old war horse, PVank I). Swope, ably 
as.sisted by Peyton B. Bethel, of Centre, Sam Fuiglish, of Central, and 
Dan P. Young, of Washington and Lee. we have lield three meetings, 
each larger and more enthusiastic than the preceding one, and intend 
henceforth to observe all feast days and meet all the requirements of 
the Fraternity, in common with our other alumni chapters. 

At our last meeting. Dr. F. W. vSanuiel, Ccuhr, was elected presi- 
dent; Peyton B. Bethel, Centre, secretary and treasurer -the latter 
office at present is purely honorary; Scott Bullitt, Vit\^iuia, warden; 
Frank D. Swope, Hanover, historian; Rev. Carter Helm Jones, D. D., 
Virginia^ chaplain, and R. J. McBryde, Jr., Washington and Lee, 


Another meeting will be held shortly, at the call of the president, 
at which time the official delegate to the next convention will be 
elected, and we hope to send along one or two other good fellows to 
let the fiftieth annual convention of the Fraternity know that Phi 
Delta Theta interests are being looked after in this part of the world. 

If any Phi should chance to be in Louisville at any time and will 
take the trouble to look up the reporter, who can be found at the 
Courier-Journal building, he will find a warm welcome awaiting him 
and will be introduced to 'some of the finest,' who will gladly ac- 
quaint him with the manifold delights of Kentucky's metropolis. 

With best wishes for ' the boys m the trenches ' and all who wear 
the sword and shield, I remain 

Yours in the Bond, 

Louisville, October 28, 1898. R. J. McBryde, Jr. 


It was the pleasure of the writer to participate in several Phi meet- 
ings at Chickamauga Park in July while all the troops were there. We 
soldier Phis at these meetings and at other times when the good Phi 
grip was passed, tasted pleasures arising from our Phi Delta Thetaism 
which are unknown to our civilian brothers. It is good to meet a Phi 
anywhere, but to meet him as a soldier in the field like yourself is a 
goodness of peculiar kind. Our meetings were most enthusiastic and 
pleasant. College annuals were brought out and compared, the 
alumni were regaled with the latest news, Phi Delta Theta victories 
were recounted, and chapter opinions and college notes were inter- 
changed. Convention stories were dug up by the convention heroes 
present -and there were several: Gardner had been at RIoomington, in 
*81) ; Walker and Foxworthy at Indianapolis, in '1>4 ; Ilayward and 
Switzler at Galesburg, in 'i).">, and Switzler and Speers at Philadelphia, 
in MX). Bro. Ilayward brought forth a storm of regrets from the Ep- 
silon province men by going into an elaborate account of all the good 
times Nebraska Alpha had arranged for the convention delegates and 
visitors, when the war came along and took off nearly the whole chap- 
ter, Bro. Miller, of Thk Scroij., though not present, came in for a 
goodly share of the applause when the bundle of June Scrolls was 
produced, with which he had remembered 'the Phis at Chickamauga.' 
The news of the Cincinnati chapter was most interesting, as few if 
any of the men present had heard anything concerning it. 

A picture of the group of Phis was attempted, but proved a failure, 
owing to a faulty plate. Small wonder, too, when the facts are known. 
Owing to its being vSunday afternoon, on the occasion mentioned, no 

Professional photographers- to be had in hordes on other days- could 
e found ; a camera had to be borrowed — belonging to three corporals 
of Co. I, Fifth Missouri (Bro. English's company), these cronies be- 
long respectively to K -, 2) X and B 11. This combination taking a 
* A B group proved too much Pan-Hellenism for an untried camera, 
so Thk Scroll will have no picture of us. We shall not forget it, 
however, for to one at least it was one of the most pleasant incidents 
of the career in camp. 

The following letter was received from Gen. Boynton after the last 

Chattanooga, Tenn., July 21, ISPS. 
Jini/all If. Suifzh'f, Jlf'fulfiiuirtirs /i(h Missotiri ]'olunlecrs. Camp Thomas, (ia. 

My Dear Sir: I very much regret that I did not receive your letter of July 16 
until this atternoon. I was in camp last Sunday, and at the Dyer house wnile 


vour meeting was going on ; could have attended it as well as not, and would have 
been very glad of the opportunity to be present. In some way your letter went 
astray, and seems to have been five days on its way. I hope that you had a satis- 
factory meeting, and if I have the opportunity I will try to call upon you at your 

Cordially yours, 


At the last meeting all promised to be present at Columbus in No- 
vember, ' if the cruel war is over, ' as it is. 

Those present were: Frank G. Gardner, Cornell y *91 ; Robert L. 
Moorhead, Butler, '96; Leland C. vSpeers, W, <(• A., '97 ; Frank W. 
Foxworthv, De Paiizv^ '94 ; James C. Patten, Indiana, '99 ; Frank S. 
Knox. Ohio State, '99 ; Earl C. Grant, Ohio State, '01 ; George H. 
English, Missouri, 97 ; Edward Middleton, Franklin, '97 ; Andrew 
Cooke, NorthiVestem, '99 ; Wm. H. Hayward, A'ehraska, '97 ; Ralph 
W. Haggard. Nebraska, '98 ; Louis A. Westermann, Nebraska, '97 ; C. 
V. Nusz, Nebraska, '95; H. B. Walker, Missouri, '9:^ ; H. B. Williams, 
Missouri, '98 ; Arthur W. Brent, Missouri, '01 ; Royall II. Swilzler, 
Missotiri, '*9S ; Raymonds Edmunds, Missouri, '99 ; Davis G. White, 
Georgia^ *98 ; John H. Ragland, Wisconsin, '99. 

Yours in the Bond, 

R. H. SwiTZLKR, Missouri, '98. 



Allegheny — Frank Wells, '80, is practising law in Wells- 
ville, Ohio. 

Iowa Wesleyaii — Albert Smith, *97, is with Marshall Field 
& Co. , Chicago. 

Nebraska — E. R. Davenport, '98, is a reporter on the stafiF 
of the Omaha Bee. 

Buehtel — C. O. Riindel, '98, is principal of the Conneaut- 
ville (Pa.) schools. 

North'iCestern — Rev. D. D. Canfield, '94, has accepted a 
charge at Athens, Ohio. 

Indianapolis — ^Jolin Minnich, '98, is principal of the high 
school at Irvington, Ind. 

South Carolina — P^. E. Aycock, '90, is a merchant and 
planter at Wedgefield, S. C. 

Ohio — A. F. Linscott, '00, is a student at the Maryland 
Dental College, at Baltimore. 

Purdue — Robert S. Miller, '95, has the chair of dynamo- 
meters in Purdue University. 

Ceoriria — W. (). Park, '9'J, has been elected to the state 
legislature from Troup county. 

Allei^heny — L. B. Long, '87, is consignee of Armour and 
Co., of Chicago, at Ridgway, Pa. 

Io7ca Wesley an — Geo. M. Rommel, '97, is at low^a State 
College, at Ames, again this year. 

Nebraska — Geo. W. Gerwig, '89, is secretary of the board 
of school controllers of Alleghany, Pa. 

lo'iva — George M. Price, '97, a law graduate of '98, has 
begun the practice of law in Des Moines. 

Uoosler — Rev. Fayette E. \'ernon, '92, has charge of the 
Presbyterian church at Independence, Pa. 

Allejrhefiy — A. J. Loomis, '80, is in the U. S. internal 
revenue service at Santa Ft\ New Mexico. 

Ohio — Dr. F. M. Warwick, '97, of Ironton, Ohio, has 
opened a dental office at that place after a course in dentistry 
at Cincinnati. 


lotva Wesleyaji — C. P. Frantz, *9(), is a student in the 
medical department of Northwestern University. 

Allcf^heiiy — W. Earl Stillson, '94, was married on August 
»51, 189S, to Miss Amy Short, at Sugar Grove, Pa. 

Purdue — Terrell E. Morse, '97, is head draughtsman for 
the Wabash Bridge and Iron Works at Wabash, Indiana. 

Iowa Wesleyan — Chas. G. Watkins, '*)o, was married to 
Miss Clara Wood, at Auainosa, Iowa, on October »^, 189S. 

Lafayette and Dickinson — Lynn M Saxton, ''J7, is pro- 
fessor of English at Mercersburg (Pa.) College this year. 

Ohio — I. M. F'oster, '95, and Miss Frances B. Wit man 
were married in Athens, Ohio, on the 2()th of October, 1S9'^. 

Wooster — Robt. J. Moorhouse, '98, entered the law de- 
partment of Western Reserve University, at Cleveland, this 

Ohio Wesleyan — Hon. Scott Bonhani, Ohio Wesleyan, '82, 
is president of the board of legislation of the city of Cincin- 

Amherst — Dr. F. M. Tiffany, '91, was married to Miss 
Anna Lawton Cozzens, at Stanford, Conn., on October 25, 


Allegheyiy — John A. Matthews. '9:>, is a fellow in the 
Columbia school of mines and a candidate for the degree of 
Ph. D. 

Allegheny — Wm. H. Gallup, '85, has begun his eighth 
year as superintendent of the New Cumberland, W. Va., 

Purdue — Fred Hartman, '9(), is assistant superintendent 
of the Fort Wayne Electrical Corporation at Fort Wayne, 

Columbia — Emil W. Riederer, '97, who has been study- 
ing in Germany, has obtained a tutorship in assaying at 

Columbia — Geo. Farish, '02, will write several articles 
for scientific magazines about his recent mining trip to 

Vermont — Lawrence B. Hay ward, '9(), was married on 
September 14, 1898, to Miss Fray Nicholson, of Burlington, 
Vt. Frank P. Bingham, '96, was best man. Bro. Hayward 
is a chemist with Parke, Davis & Co., of Detroit, Mich. 


Xe bra ska — Janies R. McCacce, *^^^, now has his office at 
44* » Diamond Si., aud his residence at *>>»J1 Penn Ave., 


S:ra(u^€ — Everarc A. Hill. "^3, is alderman of the 14th 
ward of Syracuse. His office is in the Syracuse Savings 
Bank bui'ding. 

Wa'hin;;zton and Jtnfrson — J. Clarke Logan, *99, is a stu- 
dent at Princeton. His address is l") S. M. Reunion Hall, 
Princeton. X. J. 

Ohio — D. C. Casto. "74. of Parkersburg, W. Va., was re- 
cently apyxjinted United States commissioner for the district 
of West \'irginia. 

Columbia — E. P. Callender, '^S. president of the <l> A 
club of New York city, was married on April 14, 189«S, to 
Miss Therese Beyer. 

Vandtrbilt—V>x. P. M. Jones. '89. and W. R. Manier, '81, 
are members of the executive committee of the Vanderbilt 
athletic association. 

AmJursi — G. Walker Fiske, '95, was ordained pastor of 
the vSecond Congregational church at Huntington, Mass., 
on October 25. 1S98. 

Allegheny — W. W. Case, 'M, is with the New England 
Registry Bureau, representative of the U. S. Casualty Co., 
at •>! School St., Boston. 

Dickinson — IC. I). Soper, '98, is state college secretary of 
the V. M. C. A. of Pennsylvania, with his office in the Cal- 
der building, at Harrisburg. 

Purdut' — Charles »S. McMahan, '91), is western representa- 
tive of The lumiueerin^ A'eii's, with headquarters in the 
MonadiKK^k building, Chicago. 

()/iio—\). I). Tullis, '98, has secured the position of man- 
ager of the Western Union Telegraph Company's office in 
the board of trade, in Cincinnati. 

Colhy—V. A. Roberts, '97, will teach during the fall term 
in the high school at Bristol, Me., resuming his medical 
studies in Baltimore after Christmas. 

r///Vv/i,'<>— B. G. Leake, '01, who had a record of 11 ft. 
y.' in. in the pole vault last summer, is staying out this year 
to work with an engineering party, which is running a sur- 
vey for a railroad from Omaha to Ft. Dodge. 


Chicago — Geo. H. Garrey, '9*,), who was a member of the 
'varsity eleven last year, is staying out this year to teach in 
the high school at West Aurora, 111. 

C. C. N. y. — Chas. A. Bonner, 'S(), was recently made 
instructor in the College of the City of New York and is a 
candidate for an assistant profe.ssorship. 

Indianapolis — Rev. S. J. Tomliuson, '75, has accepted a 
call to preach for the Christian church in Goshen, Ind., and 
has moved from Irvington to that city. 

Ohio — Col. W. E. Bundy, Ohio, '80, of Cincinnati, is 
president of the Ohio Republican League, for this year, and 
last June became U. S. district attorney. 

loica U'es/nan — Capt. Jesse W. Clark, '*>•*>, figured as 
umpire in a recent exciting game of foot ball between his 
regiment and the University of California. 

Illinois — B. V. Swenson, '9'^>, who has been on the teach- 
ing staff at his alma viaier, is now assistant in electrical en- 
gineering at the University of Wisconsin. 

Purdue — PVanklin Ginn Tingley, '9:>, is in the United 
States signal service and has charge of the new United States 
weather bureau on the island of Jamaica. 

California — E. F. Goodyear, '91, represents the Macmil- 
lan Co. on the Pacific coast, while Caspar W. Hodgson, 
Stafford, '00, represents D. C. Heath & Co. 

Geltysburjr — M. L. Holloway, 'S4, who was prize man and 
valedictorian of his class at the »St. Louis College of Phar- 
macy, is a successful druggist in Philadelphia. 

Ohio IVisleyan — A. A. vSliawkey, '9!), who was studying 
medicine this summer in Portland, Me., is again at the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, at Haltiniore. 

Iowa IVesliyafi — Chas. H. Kaniphoefner, '9(>, principal of 
the Odebalt (Iowa) schools, was married on September 1, 
189S, at Hebron, Iowa, to Miss Amelia Leveke. 

Ohio State — K. Wm. Rane, '91, is professor of agriculture 
and horticulture in the New Hampshire College of Agricul- 
ture and the Mechanic Arts, at Durham, N. H. 

IVooster—Rev , L. S. McCollester, 'S9, of Detroit, spent summer traveling in England and on the continent. He 
is quite prominent in masonic circles, being prelate of the 
Detroit commandery. 


Ohio Wesleyaji — Harry E. Esterly, '99, is with the Miune- 
apoHs aud St. Louis R. R. Co., in the general freight de- 
partment, 1103 Guaranty Loan Bldg., Minneapolis. 

Ohio — Dr. J. H. Charter, '7G, who has been located in 
in Lafayette, Indiana, has removed to Marion, Indiana, and 
opened an office for the treatment of chronic diseases. 

(rettyshurir — George H. Kain, '97, delegate to the Phila- 
delphia convention, is in the law school at Harvard this 
year. His address is "is Kirkland St., Cambridge, Mass. 

Lombard — Walter A. Johnson, '98, has been compelled by 
ill health to give up his work with McClure' s and to sell his 
interest in the Osprcy. He thinks of entering Columbia. 

Io2va Wesltyan — Rev. Fred Gilmore, '94, was married to 
Miss Fannie Powers, at Pulaski, Iowa, on August 'U, 1898. 
Bro. Gilmore is a student of theology at Boston University. 

Emory — Rev. Wm. R. Foot, '73, a charter member, was 
pastor of St. John's church, Athens, last year, and this year 
is presiding elder in the North Georgia Methodist confer- 

California — A. (). Warner, '90, was married at Fresno, 
Cal., vSeptember 12, 1S9S, to Miss Mary Maupin. Geo. D. 
Kierulff, '*)(;, was best man, and W. E. Creed, '98, was an 

Knox — J. Guy Latimer, '97, delegate to the Philadelphia 
convention, who was at the Harvard law school last year, is 
in the Northwestern law school this year, living at the Chi- 
cago chapter house. 

Woostcr — James H. Baldwin, '97, has entered on his sec- 
ond year's work in the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania. Last commencement he was awarded a 
free scholarship in a competitive examination. 

Kansas — William Allen White, '90, writes in the October 
McClure's of 'Appreciation of the West.' His collection of 
Kansas stories, * The Real Issue,' is appearing in the Revue 
dcs Deux Mondes, translated into French with highly com- 
mendatory notes. 

Wabash — Judge R. B. vSpilman, '(>! , died on October 19, 
1S9.S, at Manhattan, Kansas. He was captain of Co. K, 
8()th Indiana, in the civil war, had been mayor, county at- 
torney and member of the legislature, and was made district 
judge in 18So. Wabash College conferred the degree of 
LL. D. on him at its last commencement. 


Williams — Rev. Geo. L. Richardson, a charter member of 
his chapter and sometime president of Alpha province, has 
left Bennington, Vt., and become rector of the church of the 
Messiah, at Glens Falls, N. Y. He lives at '21 Washing- 
ton street. Glens Falls. 

Illinois — Hiram B. Ferris, '94, is with the Northwest 
Mining and Development Co., at Spokane, Wash. His 
office is in the Ziegler Block. He writes that he met there 
recentlv Bro. J. P. Helphrey, /c^rta li'eslrjuui, '98 and Bro. 
T. H. Jones, Central, '99. 

Indianapolis — A. C. Ayres, 'OS, was a Democratic candi- 
date for the state legislature from Indianapolis, at the late 
election. J. V. Hadley, '03, was elected judge of the state 
supreme court; and R. A. Brown, Franklin, '84, was elected 
clerk of the state supreme court. 

Randolph- Macon — Prof. Andrew Sledd, '92, of the depart- 
ment of Latin in Kmory College organized a year ago a 
Latin club which now includes nearly every clas.sical student 
in college. It is said to be the first one of its kind in a 
southern college and is very popular at Kmory. 

Miami — The last catalogue of the university, in its sum- 
mary of college honors for the year, states that the degree 
of D. D. has been conferred on two of the alumni, both 
Phis, Rev. Robert Morrison, '49, of Fulton, Mo., and Rev. 
James King Gibson, 'r)9, of South Charleston, Ohio. 

Virginia — Schuyler Poitevent, '98, president of Gamma 
province, is reporter and book reviewer on the staff of the 
Picavnne, at New Orleans. He and two or three other old 
Louisiana Alpha Phis intend entering the law department 
of Tulane and will be of great assistance to the active chapter. 

Knox — Hon. G. W^ Prince, '7^, who was elected con- 
gressman from the tenth district of Illinois in 1S9(; by a 
plurality of over 15,(M)0 votes, and who has just been re- 
elected, was selected as one of the orators at the closing 
republican rally in Cooper L^nion — a high oratorical honor. 

Central — M. H. Guerrant, '92, has gone with the commis- 
sary department of the first brigade, second division, first 
corps, to Columbus, Ga., whence he expects to move shortly 
to Matanzas, Cuba. Bro. Guerrant will, consequently, be 
unable to attend the convention. Capt. F. W. Foxworthy, 
De Patiu\ '94, is a surgeon in the 100th Indiana, which be- 
longs to the first brigade. 


De Painv — S. K. Ruick, '97, who was in the Yale law 
school and who played on the Yale second eleven last year 
(the highest athletic honor that can come to a first year 
man), is this year in the law department of the University 
of Indianapolis, and is coaching the Indianapolis athletic 
clnb eleven. 

Seicanee, 'Sj — Larkin Smith, M. D., has been elected 
city health officer of Nashville. The daily Affierican says : 
•* Dr. Smith is one of the best known young men of Nash- 
ville, and ranks high in the estimation of his professional col- 
leagues. He has a host of warm friends, who will rejoice 
to learn of his success. ' ' 

O/iio .S7^//^7— Frederick Samuel Ball, '88, our worthy T. 
G. C, has retired by dissolution of partnership from the 
firm of Thomas & Ball, and is now settled as attorney and 
counsellor in the Moses Building, at Montgomery, Ala. 
Bro. Ball has a large and increasing practice and is actively 
interested in many local business enterprises. 

Hanover — Koert D. H. Reap, '00, was married on October 
8, 1808, to Miss May Wills, at Elizabethtown, Ind. Owing 
to parental opposition, the bride joined her lover at midnight 
by means of a ladder from a second story window, whence 
her luggage had already been lowered. They were married 
at once bv the Methodist minister and left for Cincinnati. 

Of the Phis mentioned in the last Sckoll as being in the 
Klondike, two have reached home recently. R. A. Bull, 
Indiauapolis, '97, is once more at New Albany, Ind., and is 
content to stay there for the present. A. W. Kierulff, Calu 
foniia, '00, counts his trip a success and brings back some 
valuable interests in claims on the creeks near Dawson City. 

Williams — vSamuel Abbott, '87, w^ho is now^ managing 
editor of the Collci^e Athlete, contributed besides his editorial 
notes an article on 'Athletics at the Universitv of Pennsvl- 
vania' to the July- August issue and one on 'Light Men in 
Foot Ball' to the September number. In the latter number 
S. B. Newton, Williams, '91, has an article on 'End Play.' 

Kansas — The October AT?;/// Ameriean Review contains an 
article on 'The Minimum Capital of a National Bank,' by 
Thornton Cooke, '98. Bro. Cooke lives in Herington, 
Kansas, and was recently married to Miss Mary Holme of 
Kansas City. Another recent Kansas marriage is that of 
Bro. J. W. b'Bryon, '89, to Miss Nora Lemon, both being 
of Lawrence, Kansas. 


Central — Frank P. Keiiney, '94, who had charge of Mich- 
ael Dwyer's horses at Butte and Anaconda, Montana, for 
three or four years, is distinguishing himself as secretary 
and treasurer of the Louisville driving and fair association. 
The annual meeting held this fall was the most successful in 
the history of the association, and the Courier-Journal gives 
Bro. Kenney credit for the fact. His office is in the Colum- 
bia building, at Louisville. 

Missouri, 'j2 — The children of the state of Missouri are 
contributing toward the $G,000 monument to the memory of 
Eugene Field, which is to be placed on the grounds of the 
State University. The base will be of Missouri granite; 
the statue, of bronze. 

The public schools in Kansas City, as well as many others 
in other parts of the state, have instituted annual exercises 
in celebration of the poet's birthday. The tribute is the 
outcome of a movement set on foot for * Eugene Field day ' 
in his native state by an old-time editor of Sedalia. 

California — Geo. D. Kierulff, '9r), who was last year 
teaching in the Pacific Grove ( Cal.) high school, is now do- 
ing graduate work in the university. When the war broke 
out Bro. Kierulff was an officer in the California national 
guard. He organized the 'Monterey division of the naval 
reserve,' of which he was made lieutenant commanding, but 
none of the companies of naval reserves were mustered in, 
though this one had high hopes of going to Honolulu. Bro. 
Kierulff will be remembered with pleasure by all who at- 
tended the Philadelphia convention ; he expresses deep re- 
gret at the prospect of absence from the semi-centennial. 

IVadas/i — Cap. W. P. Black, '04, was a candidate this fall 
for judge of the superior court of Cook Co., 111. (Chicago). 
He was actively supported by the retailers who wage war on 
department stores in Chicago. At the time of the Hay- 
market riots, some years ago, when bombs were thrown 
among the police who attempted to break up a meeting of 
anarchists, Captain Black had a fine law practice. He de- 
serted it to defend the anarchists, and while he took part in 
one of the greatest and most interesting trials in the court 
annals of Illinois, he lost his practice. His brother, Gen. 
John C. Black, Indiana Beta, '<j2, is a leading gold democrat, 
but the captain is an ardent advocate of free silver. The 
prejudice against him as former attorney for anarchists 
makes his life as a lawyer difficult, but he is very popular 
as a * friend of the plain people.' 


Ohio Weslivan — Guy P. Benton, *^^y is professor of his- 
tory and sociology in Baker University, at Baldwin, Kansas, 
being also secretary of the faculty. He went to Baldwin 
two years ago, having been state assistant superintendent of 
public instruction immediately before going there, and hav- 
ing been superintendent of the Fort Scott schools from 1890 
to 189"). Bro. Benton expects to attend the sessions of the 
semi centennial convention. 

Darfwoid/i—O^o. P. Bryant, '*.M, (Cohivibia, '9r.) who 
has been tutoring in Dresden during the past year, has been 
doing Switzerland on his wheel this fall. He took in every- 
thing from the summit of Mont Blanc and a snow storm 
half way up. down to the lakes and rivers. He is now in 
Italy and does not expect to see America before the early 
.spring. He writes that he regrets exceedingly his inability 
to attend the Columbus convention. Mail may be sent to 
him in care of the Dresdener Bank, Dresden, Saxony. 

I'anderbill — A very appreciative sketch of the life of Sen- 
ator Bate has been written by George H. Armistead (Ten- 
nessee Alpha, '84), editor of the Franklin Revie^c- Appeal, 
It w^as first published in that paper and now appears in pam- 
phlet form. It traces Senator Bate's life in w^ar and peace 
and tells of the battles he has fought and the victories he 
has won. It is written in an easy, pleasing style, and as 
the subject dealt with has been important in the affairs of 
Tennessee for an extended period, it is most instructive 
historically. — Nashville A??ierica?i, Brother Armistead is a 
member of the Tennessee state Democratic executive com- 

Indiana — Ralph Bamberger, '91, receives special mention 
in the catalogue of the Indiana Law School. He w^as grad- 
uated there in lN9r> at the head of a class of oC). At a re- 
cent examination in Chicago, for admission to the bar, there 
were 49 applicants, of whom 21 failed to pass. The exami- 
nation was conducted by three practicing lawyers appointed 
by the appellate court of Illinois and lasted two full days. 
Of the 28 who passed Bro. Bamberger stood highest, with 
the exception of one who, it is said, had been dean of a law 
school. Among the applicants were graduates of the Mich- 
igan, Harvard and other famous law^ schools. Bro. Bamber- 
ger was in a Chicago law office for a time, but has now re- 
turned to Indianapolis and formed a partnership with Isidore 
P*eibleman, '9.S. 




The study of vSpanish has been introduced at Emory. 

Regular * preliminary' base ball practice commenced at 
California on November 1. 

The Miami faculty has forbidden foot ball. Rough play- 
ing and neglect of class work were assigned as reasons. 

A series of inter-class swimming races has been arranged 
by the boating association at the University of California. 

Dr. Edmund J. James, of the University of Chicago, has 
been offtrred the presidency of the University of Cincinnati. 

President SchaefFer, for eleven years the head of the Uni- 
versity of Iowa, is dead. He was noted for his executive 

The total registration at Michigan up to October 1 1 was 
288'>, a slight decrease. The »>,()00 mark has since been 

The medical department of the University of Cincinnati 
has decided to admit women, as the law department did some 
time ago. 

The University of Cincinnati has just received a gift of 
$or),0()0, the second large one in the last month, for a li- 
brary building. 

Nebraska dedicated her handsome new Mechanic Arts 
Building on October 28. President Chaplin, of Washington 
University, made the chief address. 

Southwestern University, before noon of the first day, had 
enrolled 275, which was unprecedented. Prof. Hyer, the 
new regent, made a brilliant and telling opening address. 

In the six volumes of Appleton's Cyclopedia of American 
Biography, w^hich contains a list of the 1 '),()()() most noted 
names in the country, more than one-third were found to be 
those of college graduates. These statistics seem to indi- 
cate that one out of every 2f>0 college men became distin- 
guished, while of the non-college men, but one in 10,000 
attains distinction. 

346 77^5" SCROLL. 

Kansas has an enrollment of 1,000, Nebraska of 2,500. 
Northwestern has fewer men than usual among the fresh- 
men, and the women are 25 per cent, more numerous than 
the men. 

Columbia is to erect a $-5, 000 gate in honor of her stu- 
dents and alumni who took part in the war with Spain. Har- 
vard is raising $25,000 for a memorial for the same purpose, 
and Pennsylvania will build one. 

Tulane and Mississippi have each had to delay the open- 
ing of the session eight or ten weeks on account of yellow 
fever this year as last. The attendance at each institution 
is cut down seriously by this fact. 

Mrs. Stanford has given her Nob Hill residence in San 
Francisco to be an annex of Leland Stanford Junior Uni- 
versity. After her death a school of history, economics and 
social science will be conducted in it. 

The total registration in the academic department of the 
University of California was 1,565 on October 18, an increase 
of 150 over last year. The graduate school enrolls 149 stu- 
dents, from 45 different colleges and universities. 

Registration at Stanford on September 28, was 1,017, the 
class of '02 showing a falling off of 94. The percentage of 
women in the entering class increases steadily, the figures 
for the last three years being as follows : 85.5, 40. G, 45.5. 

The University of the vSouth has received $10,000 by the 
will of the late W. A. Goodwyn, of Nashville, to be used 
'to educate one or more young men who are not able to edu- 
cate themselves. ' The alumni of the university are arrang- 
ing to endow a chair. 

Although the board of trustees of the University of Roch- 
ester decided early last year to admit women students, at a 
recent meeting they announced that no women will be ad- 
mitted until $100,000 is raised to defray the expenses for 
necessary improvements on the college buildings. 

The new College for Teachers, established by the Univer- 
sity of Chicago with the gift of Mrs. Emmons Blaine, offers 
the same courses given at the university but at hours con- 
venient for teachers, law students and clerks — 4:80 to 6:30 
and 7:80 to 9:80 p. m., and on Saturday. Dr. Edmund J. 
James is dean of the new college, which has taken rooms on 
Michigan avenue, near the Auditorium. The number of 
applicants for admission is said to be very large. 


There were 162 women students at the University of Ber- 
lin last semester, 26 of whom were Americans. A year l)e- 
fore the number of women attending the university was 1K5. 
None of them may be examined for a degree, however, 
in Germany, though this privilege is granted in Austria. 

Dartmouth reports over 200 freshmen this year for nine 
fraternities to sift ; Dickinson, 100 for six chapters ; Brown, 
250 for fourteen ; Syracuse, nearly 500 for twelve ; Colgate, 
35 for five ; Amherst, 122 for eleven. Dickinson's class of 
*02 is the largest in her history, and the dormitories are 

The University of Chicago has produced another ready- 
to-wear tradition, which takes the place of hazing. A band 
concert, a torch-light procession, a wrestling match by im- 
ported athletes, speeches and ceremonials are the features 
of the new initiation into college life which will hereafter 
be conferred on freshmen who wear the maroon. 

At Hamilton College, where Alpha Delta Phi was founded 
in 1832, Mr. Clarence A. Seward, president of the fraternity, 
has founded a scholarship, the beneficiary of which must al- 
ways be an Alpha Delt. Phi Kappa Sigma some years since 
founded a scholarship at the University of Pennsylvania, 
where the fraternity w^as founded in 1850, and where it now 
sustains a strong chapter. 

The new building of the medical department of the 
University of California, the first to be completed of the three 
magnificent structures on Clarendon Heights, overlooking 
Golden Gate Park, composing the Affiliated Colleges, was 
dedicated on October 22. Among the congratulatory cable- 
grams read on the occasion was one from Regent J. B. 
Reinstein, California Alpha, '73, now in France. 

Under Dr. C. W. Dabney's administration for the past ten 
years the University of Tennessee, at Knoxville, has been 
steadily built up, so that now it takes rank with the fore- 
most of southern state universities, and received the gold 
medal for the best exhibits at both the Atlanta and Ten- 
nessee expositions. The large sum received from the gov- 
ernment from the land scrip fund, and the interest on state 
bonds, comprising an income of nearly $100,000 a year, are 
used largely for scientific purposes, and in these branches 
especial progress has been made. Last year there were about 
275 students in attendance. President Dabney is a member 
of * r A from the Hampden-Sidney chapter. 


Of the 108 architects who entered the preliminary compe- 
tition for designs of the Greater University of California, at 
Antwerp, eleven have been selected as worthy to enter the 
final competition, and each of these receives a prize of 
$1,2()0. Of the eleven winners six are Americans, five being 
from New York and one from Boston. Three are from 
Paris, one from Vienna, one from Zurich. All decisions 
of the jury were unanimous. Bro. J. B. Reinstein, Califor- 
nia, '78, was a member of the jury. 

The California faculty, which forbade rushes after the 
savage one of a year or two ago, finds the students hard to 
persuade. After a recent outbreak they summoned four 
juniors, three .sophomores and four freshmen, who had been 
prominent in it. The juniors were expelled, and the sophs 
and freshies were notified that they would be considered as 
hostages and expelled without trial if another rush occurred, 
whether they happened to be personally concerned in it or 
not. For their sake it is expected that their classmates will 
scrape off all war paint. 

The three prizes in The Coitury Magazine's competition 
for the best story, poem and essay, open to students who 
received the degree of B. A. in 18^7, have been won by 
young women, although more men than women entered the 
competition. Two of the prize-winners are Vassar grad- 
uates, and one is from Smith. 

The report of the competition ^appears in the November 
Ceutiijy, with the prize story, *A Question of Happiness,' 
by Miss Grace M. Gallaher, of Essex, Ct., who was gradu- 
ated at Vassar, B. A., 1807. 

With the aim of encouraging literary activity among col- 
lege graduates, The Century will continue to give annually 
three prizes of $*io() each, open to the competition of persons 
who receive the degree of Bachelor of Arts in any college or 
university in the United States, the work to be done within 
one year of graduation. The preliminary report of the 
competition includes the following paragraphs : 

Since the first announcement of these prizes in the public press on 
July 24, lSt)7, letters have been received asking that the privileges of 
the competition be extended to persons receiving the degree of Ph. B. 
and B. L., on the ground that in certain cases they are equivalent to 
the degree of B. A. A similar request has also been niade in behalf 
of graduates of the United vStates naval and military colleges. But, 
on careful consideration, it has been decided not to make any change 
in the present series of prizes, which will be awarded, as originally 
stated, to graduates receiving the degree of B. A. 

The Century's offer naturally brings up consideration of the often- 
noticed fact that so few of our literary men, since the earlier days. 


have been college graduates. The editor some years ago made up a 
list of about forty of the then living prominent American authors. A 
very small proportion of these were found to be college graduates. 
The prop)ortion of that class of writers appears to be gradually increas- 
ing ; but if a list were made of a dozen or fifteen of the men and 
women now at the head of American literature, the public would be 
surprised to find that there were many more A. M.'s, L. H. D.'s, and 
LL. D.*s than B. A.'s among them. 

At the general convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, held at Washington, D. C, during October, the 
report of the committee on Christian education gave in de- 
tail the educational work in progress, indirectly through the 
public schools and directly through the church schools and 
colleges. The public schools were referred to as worthy in- 
stitutions, necessary to our social system. The work in 
them could be advanced, the report stated, by having teach- 
ers grounded in religious principles, thus making the public 
schools an ally of the church. The need of Episcopal col- 
leges in the north was pointed out, the present ones being 
local, small and without resources. A tentative plan was 
submitted for joining the colleges in an academic conference, 
on the plan of the great English universities having detached 
colleges. Rev. Dr. Greer, of New York, pointed out that 
many college-bred men joined the criminal class, and he 
urged that something more than education and mental cul- 
ture were required to keep men good. He proposed that 
one great Episcopal university be established. Bishop Dud- 
ley, of Kentucky, disclosed for the first time that his plea at 
the Minneapolis general convention in behalf of the Uni- 
versity of the South had led to a secret gift of $'')0,000. 


2 A E has entered Illinois. 

<I> A at DePauw now forbids membership in N E. 

n K A has a new secret publication — Dagger and Key. 

O K ^ has published a directory of her 154 alumni in New 
York city. 

G. W. G. Ferris, the designer of the Ferris wheel, is a 
member of X 4». 

We hear from a X ^ that that society has chartered the 
2 N bolters at Chicago. 

K A's Washington and Lee chapter continues to initiate 
graduates of the Virginia Military Institute, nine having 
been taken in at the last commencement. 


OTA has taken the first chapter house at Ohio Wesleyan. 
It was formerly the White residence on North Main street. 

4» r A has a house at the University of Tennessee, which 
is not mentioned in our note to Mr. Baird's tables, on page 
147 of this issue. 

2 N is on the verge of dissolution, with only three men 
back and no prospect of getting more — Kansas correspondent 
of Beta Theta Pi. 

A K E gives portraits and biographies of Roosevelt and 
Woodford in the Quarterly, but does not refer to the former's 
membership in A A 4» or to the latter* s in A ^J'. 

The K 2 chapter at Wabash has only three men, one a 
senior prep. The Indianapolis Neivs says that the pros- 
pects of the society at Wabash are not flattering. 

In previous editions of Baird the date of the founding of 
A X was given as 1847. The 1898 edition states that the 
first recorded meeting was held June 5, 1848. which makes 
^ r A older than A X. 

A Y has 31 active chapters, of which 12 own and *> lease 
or rent houses. Of the remaining 10 chapters 4 are planning 
to build or rent. At Minnesota a house has just been built 
with money furnished by a man initiated last year. 

The <l» r A chapter at Deuison has been arrested by ceme- 
tery trustees at Granville, Ohio, for alleged desecration of 
the cemetery during an initiation. An urn on a monument 
was knocked down and broken, evidently by accident, how- 

The suspended fraternity journals are the X 4» Chackctt, 
X 4> Quarterly, "^ Y Diamond, * Y Review, Z "^ Monthly, Z * 
Quarterly, X "^ Purple and Gold and A A Star and Cres- 
eent. Neither of the small eastern fraternities K A, A ^, 
2 ^ and A "^ has ever attempted to issue a journal. 

2 X has a new song book of 1 7>^ pages, containing 72 
songs. It was authorized by the convention of 1890, and 
has been edited by Mr. H. C. Arms, of the Illinois chapter. 
The editor of The Scroll has seen a copy and can well be- 
lieve the statement that the chapters are enthusiastic in their 
approval of the book. It has an attractive appearance, in- 
side and out, and furnishes a wonderful variety of verse and 
music, for singers and accompanists are not required to de- 
pend upon memory for the latter. 


The interesting story of how a freshman was rushed by 
three rival fraternities, which introduces the volume of 
'Cornell Stories' recently published by the Scribners, has 
raised an inquiry as to the fraternity connections of the 
author. We are informed that Mr. Sanderson is a member 
of S*. 

It is a pity that * Y has no journal to discover a mistake 
made by the October Scroll — the intimation that Fitzhugh 
Lee was not a regularly initiated member because he had 
not been before published by Baird in the Psi U, list of dis- 
tinguished sons. Gen. Lee belongs to the Harvard chapter, 
we have learned. 

The Northwestern faculty has ordered the fraternities 
and sororities to select graduate members to act as their 
moral guardians and be responsible to the faculty for their 
conduct. The fraternities are allowed to give but one party 
a year and the women students to receive callers on Friday 
and Saturday evenings only, from seven till ten. 

This is an admission wrung from the shy and shrinking 
editor of the A K E Quarterly: * We are compelled to flatter 
ourselves on the showing of A K E in this late war. As a 
war number, this issue of the Quarterly, in our opinion, sur- 
passes anything in the fraternity publication line we have 
seen, and the reason it does it because we have had the best 
material to work on . ' 

The fraternities of California reported the following num- 
ber of initiations up to November 1: K A ©, 5; F <l» B, 5; 
K K r, 4; Z ^J' 3; 4> A 0, 4; X <I>, 4; A K E, .'); B n, 4 (one 
junior and one sophomore); 2 X, 3; <I> F A, 4; 2 N, 4; 2 A E, 
3; X ^, 1 ; K A, 9 (one senior, five sophomores and one law); 
AY, 4; ATA, 4 (one sophomore). Except where specified 
initiations were freshmen. 

A senior society made its appearance at Missouri near the 
end of last semester. Very little is known of the organiza- 
tion, except that its name is Q E B H, and that its ten mem- 
bers are all seniors. No mention is made of the society by 
those who wear its badge, but it is known that the welfare 
of the university is high among its aims. Brothers Williams 
and Switzler, both of *08, were among the original members 
of the society ; Brothers English and Edmunds, of '99, rep- 
resent us on the new delegation. Among the original mem- 
bers, K2, 2AE,B0n and K A, were represented by one 
man each ; on the new delegation K 2 and S A E have one 
man each. 


Southern K A reports 90 men in army and navy, besides 
five cadets at Annapolis and West Point. 4> K * reports 123. 
2 N accounts for about 80, and 2 A E for a few over 100. 
The other magazines have presented no systematic reports 
as yet, though we may expect several in November and De- 
cember. <I> A has 21 o to date, two having been reported 
since the first forms were printed. (ft .. = .-- 

From the K A Journal for September, just received, we 
learn that the house rented at Virginia by that fraternity 
last year has been given up, and that owned houses should 
be credited to K A at Louisiana and Tennessee (where K 2, 
as well as <I> r A, now has a house). Houses are rented at 
Columbian, Texas, and California, and the West Virginia 
chapter seems to claim one. This would give K A six houses 
owned and ten rented. 

The convention of K K r, at Lincoln, in August, while by 
no means lacking in exciting business sessions, was a bewil- 
dering succession of social events. Not only were the young 
women entertained in various ways by their sisters and 
cousins and aunts, but K A 0gave them a reception, 2 X an 
outdoor party, <I> K 4^ a chapter-house for the use of the 
Grand Council and 4> A a tea at the Omaha Exposition. 
The entire Grand Council was re-elected. 

This is the way the 2 A E correspondent welcomed us at 
Cincinnati ( ^^ X and B n were more choice in their lan- 

'There is a set of fellows at the university, soreheads, who, 
having failed to get in any of the fraternities here, are try- 
ing to obtain a charter from some other fraternity. It is 
rumored that they first petitioned A K E but, failing in that 
direction, are now petitioning Phi Delta Theta,' 

The Northwestern correspondent of the OK* Shield 
says that one of the notable events of college life there has 
been 'the remarkable decadence* of 2 X, who a year ago 
had 1<S men and the best chapter-house in the university. 
'Now they have lost their house and have left only two ac- 
tive members.' The 5// /V/of correspondent adds that 'chap- 
ter houses have never been a success at Northwestern/ 
asserting that A Y 'was forced to give up her house last 
year' and that this year but one chapter occupies a house, 
w^hich is a rented one. We have inquired as to the correct- 
ness of these statements and learn that 2 X no longer occu- 
pies her house, the only one that was owned at Northwest- 
ern, and that foreclosure proceedings were begun in the 


Cook county circuit court against the chapter last month. 
The chapter, however, now has four men, with another one 
pledged. Further, we learn that 4> A 0. B n and 2 N 
occupy rented houses. ATA, AY and 2 A E have each a 
number of men boarding at the same house, but it is not 
generally understood that they claim to have distinctive 
chapter- houses. 4> K 4^ has no house, nor has <I> K 2. The 
latter returned 4 men this fall, and 2 A E returned (>. At 
last accounts neither had secured any new men. 

* K 4^ will not adopt her new constitution finally and print 
it in permanent form till after next year's convention. The 
historian, Mr. Van Cleve, reports $200 on hand with the 
Fraternity treasurer, besides $89 collected out of $21 1 sub- 
scriptions made at the recent convention. He calls for $()00 
more. The Fraternity has four new alumni chapters. The 
executive council reports that ' several brothers have been 
directed to examine conditions at institutions where Phi 
Kappa Psi may be welcome. * We hear it rumored that Van- 
derbilt and Purdue are two of those in view. 

The 1890 edition of Baird's Ajncriran (^ollei^e Frakniities 
mentioned a sorority called P. E. O., which was said to have 
been in existence, chiefly in Iowa, for over twenty years 
which did not seem to be confined to collegiate institutions 
and w^hich had an estimated membership of 1 ,500. The 
statistical tables of 1S90 give the society five chapters, and a 
journal known as the P. E. O. Record is ' rumored ' to exist. 
All mention of this society is omitted in the last edition of 
Mr. Baird's book. We are indebted to Bro. J. M. Beck, 
editor-in-chief of the lona Wesleyan, fertile following inter- 
esting information in regard to this society : 

P. E. O. is a sisterhood which has all the features of a Greek 
sorority and which, in addition, engages in charitable and philan- 
thropic work. Iowa Wesleyan probably has the only college chapter. 
It was organized by seven girls in the university in 1S<»'.». It has 
grown until it has as many as a hundred chapters in at least eight 
different states, fifty-eight of these chapters being in Iowa. The col- 
lege chapter here occupies the same position among the secret society 
people of the school as does II B <l>, and it is claimed that it has supe- 
rior advantages from the fact that after school life is over one's activ- 
ity is only well begun, as in the city chapters a high grade of literary 
work is done, as well as much charitable work. Burlington, Iowa, 
has a chapter of 70 members and Chicago one of about the vsame size. 
One of the founders is Mrs. Dr. C. G. vStafford, wife of the presirlent of 
Iowa Wesleyan ; another is Mrs. W. I. Habb, of Mt. Pleasant, who 
gave the address on P. E. O. day at the Omaha exposition. At the 
time of its organization the I. C. sorosis (now II B *; was here in the 
school, and P. E. O. was designed as its rival. The badge is a gold 
star with the letters 'P. E. O.' 

254 -'^^ SlROLJL, 

The October Beta Thcta Pi shows that a number of Beta 
chapters were very much reduced in numbers at the opening 
of the college year. For example: Hanover, 5; Pennsylva- 
nia State, 8; Denver, 8; Ohio Wesleyan, 2; W. and J., 7; 
Centre, 0; Western Reserve, 5: Indiana, 9; Ohio, 6; Woos- 
ter, 4; Hampden-Sidney, o. vSome of these, however, as 
Hanover and Ohio Wesleyan, had men pledged from the 
year before ready to initiate, and many of them have already 
doubled their numbers. Hampden-Sidney alone reports a 
lack of good material and no initiates. The weakness of the 
Ohio Wesleyan chapter is due to the enlistment of ten of its 
members, who are now in Porto Rico. Dickinson had nine- 
teen men last year, but graduated four and suspended five 
for joining N E. 

The secondary journals devoted to the private affairs of 
their respective fraternities are the 2 X BuUetm (the first 
of its kind issued), 2 A E Phi Alpha, 4> A Palladium^ 
Southern K A Special Messenger^ n K A Dagger and Key 
and K 2 Star aiid C Wescent. The Allegheny annual of this 
year says that ATA publishes The Choctaw, whatever that 
is. The Mystic Messenger of B 11 was begun in 1800, and 
was published irregularly up to 1803, when it suspended. 
'The results hoped from its advent were not secured,' is the 
explanation of its suspension given in 'Fraternity Studies' 
by Mr. Wm. R. Baird. <^ A has found The Palladiutn a 
very useful adjunct to Thk Scroll. Two private numbers 
of the Beta Theta Pi are issued j^early, one containing the 
proceedings of the convention and the other the annual 
reports from chapters. 

The fraternity journals of today are unanimous in insist- 
ing on attractive chapter letters as necessary features and in 
giving prominence to news of alumni. Such publications 
as The <l> F A Quarterly, The Shield of * K 4^ and The 
Scroll of <l> a have accomplished wonders in this line, 
adding to their worth by timely illustrated articles on the 
several colleges where they have chapters. The Beta Thcta 
Pi is another success in this regard. We wish we had space 
to commend others, but must close with a word of praise for 
the careful work shown by our 'sister' editors, who are 
furnishing their readers very newsy and tasty publications. 
We are sometimes prone to believe that they do too much 
heavy thinking and moralizing, but this feeling is offset by 
the occasional glimpses we obtain into the w^onderful work- 
ing of a woman's mind. — Exchange editor of the A Y Quar- 
terly . 


The Umbdenstock Publishing Co., which had already 
compiled a book on ' The Greek-letter Men of Chicago,* has 
now issued a similar volume for St. Louis. Bro. Adkins, of 
Missouri Gamma, has kindly sent Thk Scroij. his copy for 
examination. It is a fine piece of work in typography and 
binding, and abounds in pictures of chapter houses and St. 
Louis Greeks. Several historical articles and one or two in 
praise or defense of the fraternity system precede the his- 
torical sketches and alumni lists of the several general men's 
fraternities. They are given in order of age, and their St. 
Louis alumni number : K A, 1 ; ^ 4>, 5; A 4>, 7; A A <^, 25; 
♦ Y, 22; A Y, 9; B (s) n, 9i^ X ^. 15; A K E, C):); Z 4^. 20; 
A *, 11; © A X, 8; * T A, If); * A (s). 98; <I> K 2, (>; * K 4^, 
23; X*, 1; 2X, 2H: % A E, 08; A T A, 29; A T 12, 14; K A 
(southern), 21; K 2, Ki; II K A, 0; 2 N. 19. A group 
picture of Missouri Gamma is given and some twenty 
pictures of alumni; a serious omission from the Phi point of 
view is the lack of pictures of our chapter houses. Bro. M. 
A. Seward, Cornell, '97, contributes a good historical sketch 
of * A 0, based on Baird. 

A Y held her * sixty-fourth ' annual convention at Philadel- 
phia on October 20 and 21. Sessions were held at the 
Aldine. All the thirty- one chapters were represented, and 
two new ones were added, applicants from McGill Univer- 
sity, Montreal, and from the University of Nebraska receiv- 
ing charters. It seems that an application was also received 
or expected from Stevens. The organization of a general 
alumni association of the society was ordered, details being 
left to the executive council. Judge K. B. Sherman, of 
Chicago, was re-elected president, and as Rev. Thornton B. 
Penfield is continued on the executive council, we trust he 
will again have charge of the Quarterly, with which he has 
been so successful. Over KJO are said to have attended the 
banquet. Open literarj^ exercises were held at Houston 
Hall, but the program's five-minute talks by Stephen Crane, 
the novelist: Senator Proctor, of Vermont; Governor \'oor- 
hees, of New Jersey; Governor Powers, of Maine, and other 
well-known men were omitted, presumably on account of 
the absence of these gentlemen. Swarthmore was visited, 
and a theater party was given by the local alumni associa- 
tion. The next convention goes to Ann Arbor. Ten 
members of the O N society were present from McGill, 
with Prof. L. H. Cappen, an honorary member of A Y. 
The society chartered at Nebraska was known as TAG. 
McGill now has chapters of Z 4^, A A <l> and A Y (Toronto 


having Z ^, A A 4> and K A ) and Nebraska supports 4> A 0, 
2X,B©n, 5AE, ATA, ^K^', ATn, K2,<I>rA. AY, A0X 
(local), * A <I>, K K r, K A 0, AT, AAA, n B 4>. * B K 

and 2 H. Of these chapters four have been established in 
the last eighteen months and eleven within the last three 
years. This comes near breaking the record. The new Phi 
Gam chapter had not come out as a local organization, but 
occupies a house and has some strong men. 

The number of chapters of the various fraternities sus- 
pended since the beginning of 1890 and their former loca- 
tions are as follows: 

A T 12, 11. — Hampden-Sidney, Haverford, Roanoke, Col- 
umbian, Central, Wofford, Charleston (^ revived in 1808), 
Middle Georgia, Michigan, Simpson, Stanford. 

ATA, 11. — Franklin and Marshall, Boston, Williams, 
Lafayette, Bethany, Buchtel, Wooster, Hanover, Michigan 
Agricultural, Iowa Agricultural, Simpson. 

4> A 0, 10.— C. C. X. Y., Roanoke, Richmond, S. C. Col- 
lege, Southern, Wooster, Buchtel, Hillsdale, Michigan Agri- 
cultural, Illinois Wesleyan, Lombard. 

2 N, 9.— Yale, U. of Pennsylvania, S. C. College, S. C. 
Military Academy, IT. of the South, Chicago, Drake, Upper 
low^a. Southwest Kansas. 

5 A E, 9. — Furman, Emory and Henry, S. C. College, S. 
C. Military Academy, Erskine, Mississippi Agricultural, 
Central, Gettysburg, Cornell (revived in 1898). 

<t> r A, 7. — Massachusetts Institute of Technology, West- 
ern Reserve, Marietta, Muhlenberg, Georgia, Michigan, 

K 2, 7. — Emory and Henry, Emory, North Georgia Agri- 
cultural, S. C. College, U. S. Grant, Thatcher Institute, 

K A (southern), 0. — Furman, Emory and Henry, S. C. 
College, S. C. Military Academy, Wake Forest, Erskine. 

4>K 2, .*). — Toronto, Lake Forest, Illinois, North Carolina, 

A X, A. — Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Rens- 
selaer, Dickinson, Kenyon. 

X<1>. 4. — S. C. College, Ohio Wesleyan, Dickinson, Brown. 

^ K x|/, 4.— Hobart, Wooster, S. C. College, U. of the 

IT K A, 4.— S. C. College. S. C. Military Academy, Rich- 
mond, North Carolina. 

- X, :>. — Stevens Institute, Wooster, Wabash. 

X ^, 3. — Mississippi, South Carolina, Furman. 


B n, 2. — Randolph- Macon, Richmond. 

Z 4^, 2. — Harvard, Rensselaer. 

AKE. 1.— Harvard. 

A 4^, 1. — Rochester. 

***, 1. Southwestern. 

* 2 K, A X P, M n A, A A 4», 2 *, A 4>, A Y, 4^ Y, and K A 

(northern), none. ATA will head the list wuth 12 if her 
Allegheny chapter is really dead. 

The charters of the ten chapters of * A shown above 
were withdrawn by the Fraternity, either with or without the 
consent of the chapters. The charters of many other chap- 
ters in the above list were withdrawn doubtless by their res- 
pective fraternities. 

From * American College Fraternities ' is compiled the 
following list of local men's fraternities, with years of or- 
ganization of most of them : University of Maine, O E H 11, 
1894; A P. isyfi; Dartmouth College, K K K, 1S42 ; Uni- 
versity of Vermont, A I, 1S8() ; A 4^ (not connected with the 
general fraternity of that name), 1850 ; Norwich University, 
Vermont, A 5 II, 1857 ; X, I808 ; Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, 4> B E ; Brown University, X * (separated 
from the general fraternity of that name), l^^^o ; * K 5 
(composed of Roman Catholic students — not connected with 
the general fraternity of that name), 189() : Sheffield vScien- 
tific School, of Yale, Herzelius. 1S<)3 ; ^ A X, 1SG7 ; Wes- 
leyan University, * N 0, 1S87 ; * P, 1S93 : Trinity College, 
Connecticut, I. K. A.. 1S29 ; St. Stephens College, New 
York. K r X, 181)8 ; I'niversity of Pennsylvania, M 4> A ; 
Pennsylvania State College, <l> A E, 1894 ; Bethany College, 
West Virginia. 11 0, 1.SU7 ; Marietta College, Ohio, A F, 
iSol) ; A :i <I>, ISGO ; Case vSchool of Applied Science, 12 4^, 
1885 : A K. 1892 ; Western Reserve I'niversity, UK; Buch- 
tel College, Ohio, Z A E, 1S87; Northwestern I'niversity, 
PAS. 1897 ; Lake Forest University, Illinois, <l> H E ; Lom- 
bard I'niversity, AHA; University of Wisconsin, 4> P B, 
189(> ; University of Minnesota, K <l> Y ; Uiiiversitv of Ne- 
braska, A X, 1895; TAG; Leland vStanford, jr.. Uni- 
versity, ^ P H seceeded from 4> PA), ISlMi ; University of 
Southern California, 4^, 1897 \ ^V^. Many of the fore- 
going were organized mainly for the purpose of securing 
charters from general fraternities. The chapter of 2i N at 
the University of Chicago, established in 1>>95, surrendered 
its charter last spring, and formed a local society called the 
Q. v., for the purpose, probably, of securing a charter from 
some other fraternity. 4> K S has chartered the local society, 


O E H IT, late applicants to * A at the University of Maine, 
and 2 N chartered T A 2 at Northwestern in January of this 
year. A Y has just chartered T A O at Nebraska, and X ♦ 
is about to initiate the Q. V. society at Chicago. 

The editor of the A Y Quarterly thinks that the healthy • 
condition of A Y's life as a fraternity * has proven the fallacy 
of the claim that mystery and twisted handshakes form a nec- 
essary factor in the making and conserving of the true fra- 
ternal spirit.' There are others who are of opinion that 
A Y's career has proven first of all that prosperity can never 
come, either locally or generally, in the long run, to open 
literary societies founded on the principle of bitter opposi- 
tion to fraternities in which good fellowship, limited num- 
bers, privacy and a desire to let live as w^ell as to live, are a 
few of the objects in view. And some people believe further 
that their only chance for a healthy life comes to these soci- 
eties aforesaid where they cease their campaign of attack 
and adopt some of the very names and methods they began 
by opposing, when they become in fact and name a fratern- ^ 
ity in place of an anti-fraternity league. If any sensible 
fraternity man claims that * mystery and twisted handshakes 
form a necessary factor in the making and conserving of the 
true fraternal spirit,' his assertion has not yet come to the 
ears or eyes of the editor of The Scroll. 

The semi-centennial convention of <^ F A met October 14, 
at Washington, Pa. The fraternity was founded in May, 
1S4S, at Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa. Jefferson was 
united later with Washington College. The address of wel- 
come was delivered by President Moffat of W. and J., a 
prominent Fiji. After this preliminary session the conven- 
tion adjourned to Pittsburgh. Bishop Hartzell, President 
Dabney, and Prof. John Clark Ridpath were the 'big guns' 
present, Gen. Wallace, Maurice Thompson, Senator Fair- 
banks and Bishop Maclaren failing to appear. The news- 
papers gave names of delegates present from 40 chapters 
out of 43, a few being represented by alumni. Bishop Hart- 
zell preached an anniversary sermon on Sunday, October 
1'"). A charter was granted to the University of Nebraska. 
The 'grand chapter' system of government was abolished, 
and the executive committee system, used by 4> A since 
ISSO, was substituted. Gen. Lew Wallace was elected 
president. The next convention goes to Baltimore. The 
attendance at the banquet was 'estimated' at 175. The 
4> r A press agents were nothing if not zealous. One re- 
ported that Mr. T. Alfred Vernon, a section chief , had pub- 


lished at his own expense the finest college fraternity 
directory in the United States, containing the names of the 
11,000(1) members of <^ T A and short biographies of those 
most prominent. Two thousand copies, by the way, are 
said to have been published at a cost of $10,000, of which 
Mr. Vernon expects to realize no more than half through 
sales to members. According to one paper Gen. Benjamin 
Harrison is a leading 4> r A. This was corrected later, 
thus: 'Ex- President Harrison is president of the Phi Delta 
Theta Fraternity, a college Greek -letter society of about 
the same rank as the Phi Gamma Delta.' We are glad to 
note that our own Columbus press bureau is beginning 
modestly — too modestly, perhaps, when it gives us only 25 
alumni chapters instead of •)S. 

'American College Fraternities' states that the University 
of Nashville is closed, which is a mistake. It is more than 
a century old, and has never been closed, except perhaps a 
year or two during the civil war. It has several depart- 
ments, a large campus, good buildings, and in other re- 
spects is well equipped. The literary department receives 
a handsome income from the state legislature and from the 
Peabody educational fund, and probably soon will be the 
beneficiary of the whole fund, amounting to $2,000,000. 
The chancellor. Dr. C. H. Payne, was formerly a professor 
at Ann Arbor, and is a man of recognized ability. There 
are several hundred students, representing many states. 
They engage Vanderbilt students in athletic contests, the 
two institutions being alx)ut two miles apart. Vanderbilt 
is overrun w^ith fraternities, having thirteen — 4> A 0, K 2, 
2 A E, K A, X <I>, Ben, ATA, ::£ N, A T 12, A K K, :? X, 
n K A and ASA (dental), but there are none at the Uni- 
versity of Nishvilie. Formerly A K E, <l> T A, ::i A E, X <l>, 
* K ^ and ATI) were organized at the latter place, but 
strange to say none of them has re-established their chap- 
ter, although the institution is decidedly more flourishing 
than ever before. 

At the last convention of B 11 four of the ten district 
chiefs were present, an unusually large proportion. We 
think B n would do well to adopt 4> A ^'s plan of paying 
their traveling expenses to conventions, as such a plan alone 
will insure their attendance, and as their presence and ad- 
vice will always be of great benefit. In the Beta Theta Pi 
for October an alumnus suggests that the right to vote in 
conventions be extended to alumni delegates, and that each 
chapter send an alumnus as well as an active member. <l> A 


has every reason to be satisfied with her plan of allowing 
delegates of alumni chapters a vote, and if these chapters 
continue to increase at the present rate the number of alumni 
entitled to vote in the convention will presently be equal to 
that of the student delegates. 

The same writer in the Beta Thcta Pi confirms the im- 
pression that no institution in existence could get a charter 
from B IT at present, though many of the alumni and some 
of the undergraduates favor a policy of conservative exten- 
sion. Nor does it seem possible to give the coup de (^race to 
languishing chapters. Certain weak chapters were threat- 
ened with extinction by the convention committee, but 
their care and consideration were made the special duty of 
the board of trustees, and no charters were withdrawn. 

The new editor of the K A Journal, Mr. S. M. Wilson, 
announces a radical departure from the policy of his prede- 
cessors, Messrs. Keeble and Jones. He is disposed to sub- 
ordinate certain customary and time-honored features which 
have hitherto been given greater or less prominence: 'Greek 
Notes and Clippings' and *The Greek Press.' We have 
little hesitation in saying that it w^as the latter department 
that gave \\\q Journal the prominent position it occupied in 
the Pan-Hellenic editorial world. To be sure, in order to 
live up to its reputation of critic general and impartial cynic, 
the department occasionally forced the witticism and criti- 
cism; but its points were usually well taken, and some of 
our young editors and chapter correspondents have profited 
much thereby. However, the Journal will doubtless be 
made even more interesting than before to members of K A, 
though the rest of us may find it slightly less so. 

We can not agree with the editor, however, in his reasons 
for slighting these departments. He says that the Greek 
notes and clippings, ' with our present limited news service, 
must of necessity be little more than a transcript from the 
news columns of others.' We do not hesitate to say that 
Thk Scroij. rarely draws directly on the * Greek News ' 
columns of exchanges, finding abundant material in their 
chapter letters, in reports of its own correspondents, in 
newspaper clippings from interested alumni and in reviews 
of books bearing on Greek letter subjects. Take in this 
issue, for example, the reports of the<I> F A and A Y national 
conventions, which have not yet appeared in the maga- 
zines of those fraternities. It takes some work, but the de- 
partment of Greek news can be made relatively as fresh and 
full of ' scoops ' as the columns of a metropolitan daily. And 


we consider news of this sort essential to the education of 
an unprejudiced and effective fraternity worker. 

The editor of \\\^ Journal says that the department of the 
Greek press must, in the nature of things, consist largely in 
a dilletantic exchange of editorial courtesies. This is a tell- 
ing criticism of the exchange departments of some fraternity 
magazines, but there is no more necessity for throwing nose- 
gays perpetually than there is for dispensing incessant sar- 
casm or for cultivating a haughty indifference. The exchange 
department may very well be combined with that of fratern- 
ity news. Such has been the theory and practice of The 
Scroll these many days. 

We can not think that Mr. Wilson really intends syste- 
matically ignoring us; indeed, he intimates that when space 
allows we may expect to hear from him. His administra- 
tion of Xh^ Journal has begun too auspiciously to allow us to 
believe that he will do K A the ill turn of putting her behind 
a Chinese wall. 



For the benefit of those who may not have received a copy 
of the last Palladium the following convention announce- 
ments are repeated: 

Headquarters are at the Chittenden; special rates are $3.00 
per day single ; $2.50 where two have the same room. 

Sessions are to be held in the hall of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, in the State Capitol ; the opening session begins 
at 10 A. M., Monday morning, November 21. No business 
session will be held Thanksgiving day. 

The social events of the week, .so far as announced, are as 
follows: Monday evening, reception to delegates and visi- 
tors by Columbus alumni and Ohio Zeta; Tuesday evening, 
informal smoker at Ohio Zeta's chapter house; Wednesday 
evening, semi centennial banquet; Thursday morning, sight- 
seeing; noon, convention photograph; afternoon, foot ball 
game between O. S. U. and O. W. U. ; evening, theatre party. 
A^ote that the reception conies 07i A f on day cicning^ instead oj 
Tuesday^ as announced in Noveinbcr Palladium. 

Reduced rates are offered by all roads in the Central, 
Southeastern, Trunk Lines and New ICngland passenger as- 
sociations, as well as by the Rock Island and the Alton 
roads (between Joliet and Peoria on the Rock Island and 
from St. Louis and all Illinois stations on the Alton). The 
rate is one fare and one- third for the round trip. Full fare 
must be paid going and a certificate of the official form se- 


cured. When 100 of these are presented and signed at 
Columbus, return tickets may be bought over the same 
route used on the going trip at one-third fare. Be sure to 
secure your certificate. Inquire some days beforehand, if 
your station is not an important one, and insist on your 
agent securing blank certificates. If your agent can not 
furnish one, buy a round trip ticket to the nearest important 
station and then secure one. All visitors are urged to se- 
cure certificates, and delegates are required to do so, unless 
they have some cheaper form of transportation. The re- 
duced rate applies to territory east of Chicago, Joliet, Peoria, 
Bloomington, Quincy and the Mississippi from Quincy to 
New Orleans (on most roads from East St. Louis instead of 
St. Louis). Phis starting from west of this territory should 
buy a round trip ticket to the nearest station in Central or 
Southeastern territory and then buy a full- fare, one-way 
ticket to Columbus and secure a certificate. Have the con- 
ductor telegraph agents to have certificates and tickets ready 
at stations where connections are close, such as East St. 
Louis or Peoria. Tickets may not be purchased more than 
three days before November 21 nor more than three days 
after (in Central association territory not more than two 
days after). 

New England Phis will please notice that, for the first time, 
we have been able to have the reduced rate apply to them. The 
concession luas made too late to be announced in the November 

Eastern Phis will leave New York and Philadelphia on 
Saturday evening, November 11), when Bro. Moore and Dr. 
Radcliffe start, or on Sunday afternoon, November 20. 

Southern Phis, please write Bro. Fred S. Ball, Moses 
Building, Montgomery, Ala. , in regard to joining the party 
from the south. 

Phis coming from or by way of Chicago, please write Bro. 
F. J. R. Mitchell, with Remy and Mann, Marquette Build- 
ing, Chicago. Illinois Alpha will entertain Phis in Chicago 
on their way to the convention with a smoker at the chapter 
house, Saturday night, November 10. The party will leave 
for Columbus Sunday morning. 

Phis from Indiana, from Illinois by way of Indianapolis 
and from the west by way of St. Louis will take the Penn- 
sylvania's No. 20, leaving St. Louis over the Vandalia at 
8:04 A. M., Sunday, November 20, and reaching Indianapo- 
lis at 2:35 that afternoon and Columbus at 7:35, bv wav of 
Dayton and Xenia. Any inquiries as to this party may be 
addressed to the editor of The Scroll. 

Bro. Bleazby, of Michigan, suggests that the convention 


arrange for a meeting of Phis visiting the Paris exposition, 

in 1900. The idea is worth considering. 

* * * * 

Will reporters and alumni please secure the insertion of the 
following paragraph in their home papers at once ? 

The Phi Delta Tlieta Fraternity is one of the oldest college secret 
societies of western origin, and for fifteen years it has had active chap- 
ters in more colleges and universities than any similar organization. 
It was founded in eighteen hundred and forty-eight at Miami Univer- 
sity, Oxford, Ohio, and the semi-centennial convention will meet in 
Columbus, Ohio, during Thanksgiving week, beginning Monday, No- 
vember 21. 

The attendance will be very large, as the society is strongly repre- 
sented throughout Ohio and states nearby. Reduced rates on the cer- 
tificate plan, are offered by the railroads. There will be receptions 
and a banquet in addition to the business sessions, and the Thanks- 
giving foot ball game and the theatres on the same evening, will be 
attended by the convention in a body. The fraternity has ten thou- 
sand names on its roll, over one thousand of them being students now 
in college. There are thirty-eight alumni chapters (a larger number 
than in any other fraternity) and sixty-four college chapters. The 
youngest alumni chapter is at Athens, Ohio, and the latest college 
chapter founded is at the University of Cincinnati, both being situated, 
curiously enough, in the state in which Phi Delta Theta was founded 
fifty years earlier. 

* * * * 

The editor of the seventh edition of the catalogue will 
have several names to enter which have not appeared in 
The Scroll's annual lists of initiates. Among them are 
H. C. Wilson and Frank Brunner, Lehigh (see Pa Had in w, 
page 22, November, 181)8); R. O. Johnson, V. AL I. (see 
minutes of convention of 1894); Dr. A. C. Kemper, Miami 
(see Palladium , September, 1898); Philip King, Pennsyl- 
vania (since affiliated with Wisconsin Alpha) ; Dan P. Youngs 
Washington and Lee, '96 ; and the nine charter members of 
the Chicago chapter. Three of these had resigned and were 
reinstated, one was affiliated from K 2 K, one was omitted 
by mistake from the sixth edition of the catalogue, and the 
others were omitted by mistake by chapter historians from 
their annual reports. 

* * * * 

Bro. Walter B. Palmer, P. G. C, has recently visited the 
chapters at Illinois, Knox, Lombard, Chicago, Indianapolis 
and Case. He was also in Bloomington and expresses the 
opinion that ^ A made no mistake in withdrawing from the 
Illinois Wesley an University when she did. While in Gales- 
burg, Bro. Palmer was entertained by several of the alumni 
and the active members, the Knox chapter giving him a 
chafing-dish party, with Bro. A. A. Green, *99, as a special 
hypnotic attraction. 


The annual circular letter is due in December. No chap- 
ter can afford lo neglect this opportunity to tell the alumni 
what has been done and what is planned. Mail the letters 
in seated envelopes with a return address. 

R. T. IlAI 

Robert T. Haines, Missouri, '89, was graduated as LL. B. 
He began the practice of law in Kansas City, but the stage, 
for which he had long before demonstrated his fitness and 
fondness, claimed him within a year. He has supported 
the late Thos. W. Keene, Robert Downing, James O'Neill, 
Walker Whiteside and Kathryn Kidder. Last year he was 
thehalf caste heroin Pitou's ' The Cherry-Pickers,' in which 
he made a distinct hit. He is now leading man with the 
Shubert stock company, at the Bastable theatre in Syracuse, 
X. V. 

In the elections last week, Bro. James Gray, Minnesota, 
'S-'), was chosen mayor of Minneapolis by 5,000 plurality 
over the Republican candidate in that Republican city. Bro. 
C, C. Kohlsaat, Chicago, 'fi7, was elected probate judge of 
Cook county by 29,000 majority, the largest given any can- 
didate in Chicago this year. 


Delegates must remember to bring with them to the con- 
vention the copy of proposed revision of constitution and 
code sent to their chapter. They should also see to it at 
once that the chapter treasurer makes collections to cover 
all general dues up to the time of the convention, that the 
chapter may be entitled to representation. 

♦ * ^j * 

Cornell and Pennsylvania are not the only chapters that 
have Phi captains in foot ball. Read the letters from Knox, 
Illinois, Iowa, Washington and Lee and Case. Let us have 
a full list in the February Scroll. 

^ •^ 

^ .^ 

Missouri has bought a fine lot near the campus and pro- 
poses to take a house that shall be all her own — and to take 
it soon. We are glad to see that the approach of the con- 
vention, or the iterations of the editor, or the pangs of con- 
science — that something has roused a good many chapters 
recently to phenomenal activity on the house question. 

* >ri * * 

The roll of honor still grows. Names of Phi soldiers and 

sailors continue to drop in from most unexpected quarters. 

The total is now well beyond two hundred, and we have 

reason to believe that three hundred is too conservative an 

estimate of the number of Phis who bore arms in the war 

with Spain. 

He * * * 

In our haste to print everything within six days, a few 
bad typographical errors have crept in. Two we note here, 
as they may be misleading : page 168, 7th line from bottom 
— * undesirable ' should read * undeniable ' ; page 142, 9th 
line from bottom — ' name * should read * move.' 

:;< j}c * * 

Of the eight Phis in the last congress six are re-elected : 
Bros. Griggs, Brantley and Howard, of Georgia ; Bros. 
Prince and Graff, of Illinois; and Bro. Grifl5th, of Indiana. 
Bro. Pugh is possibly beaten by a small plurality in Ken- 
tucky. Bro. Fenton was not a candidate for re-election. 
The honorary membership of Congressman Grosvenor, of 
Ohio, whose name does not ap|>ear in the catalogue, has al- 
ready been commented upon in The ScROLlr. 

'fi * * * 

In addition to other college papers already named we are 
now receiving The Crimson- White, which g^ves good account 
of Alabama's activity in university affairs. We are also in- 


debted to Bro. B. M. L. Ernst, business manager of the 
Columbia Literary Monthly^ for his magazine. 

* * * ♦ 

Full reports of the rushing season's successes have reached 
The Scroi,l from every active chapter except the two still 
in vacation on account of the *yellowoid' fever — Mississippi 
and Tulane. These two will return to work within the 
next fortnight. Mississippi expects to begin with 14, and 
Tulane with 9. In the following summary of initiates and 
total membership for each chapter, the number initiated 
since the beginning of the present session precedes the 
whole number in attendance on November lo : Colby, 
8-20 (2 pledged); Dartmouth, 10-41; Vermont, 10-2G; 
WilUams, 5-20; Amherst, 12-32 (1 pledged); Brown, 0-25; 
Cornell, 3-22 (2 pledged); Union, 6-lS; Columbia, 2-12; 
Syracuse, 9-29; lyafayette, 8-17 (1 pledged); Gettysburg, 
1-7 (2 pledged); Washington and Jefferson, ()-18; Alle- 
gheny, 1-13 (3 pledged); Dickinson, 3-20; Pennsylvania, 
5-25; Lehigh, 2-10; Virginia, 3-14; Randolph- Macon, 0-(); 
Washington and Lee, 5-<); North Carolina, 1-8; Centre, 
4-10 (2 pledged); Central, 1-8 (1 pledged); Vanderbilt, 4- 
17; Sewanee, 4-15; Georgia, 3-12 (1 pledged); Emory, 9- 
27; Mercer, 8-24; Alabama, 9-l(>; Auburn, 9-20(2 pledged); 
Texas, 2-13 (1 pledged); Southwestern, 3-10; Miami, 
8-16 (1 pledged); Ohio Wesleyan, 1-9 (5 pledged); 
Ohio, 2-10 (4 pledged); Ohio State, 3-14 (3 pledged); 
Case, 2-13; Cincinnati, 3-12; Michigan, G-21; Indiana, 3- 
16 (1 pledged); Wabash, 5-11 (3 pledged); Indianapolis, 
5-12; Franklin, 5-10 (2 pledged); Hanover, 3-9; DePauw, 
5-18; Purdue, 1-9 (10 pledged); Northwestern, 5-13 (3 
pledged); Chicago, 1-7; Knox, 3-10; Lombard, 1-8; Illi- 
nois, 3-16 (4 pledged); Wisconsin, 9-25; Minnesota, 3-12; 
Iowa Wesleyan, 1-8 (7 pledged); Iowa, 6-14 (5 pledged); 
Missouri, 8-21; Westminster, 4-11; Washington, 5-14; 
Kansas, 8-18; Nebraska, 4-10 (1 pledged); California, 4- 
14 (2 pledged); Stanford, 7-16. These reports were re- 
ceived November 1, but all pledged men who were to be 
initiated by November 15 are so counted. 

* * * * 

The following names of delegates to the Columbus con- 
vention had been received up to November 10: Colby, C. 
F. Towne; Dartmouth, C. P. Graham; Vermont, C. F. Blair; 
Williams, Daniel Fitts. Jr.; Amherst, H. P. Whitney; Cor- 
nell, E. C. Zeller; Union, E. Le G. Hegeman; Columbia, C. 
F. Hackett; Syracuse, B. V, E. Dolph; Gettysburg, H. H. 
Keller; Allegheny, E. S. Oakes; Dickinson, W. V. Malla- 


lieu; Virginia, J. N. Furniss; Washington and Lee, H. R. 
Keeble; Centre, S. L. Yerkes; Central, J. J. Greenleaf; 
Vanderbilt, W. F. Bradshaw; Sewanee, Telfair Hodgson; 
Georgia, W. S. Blun; Emory, F. S. Palmer; Mercer, G. W. 
Whitney; Auburn, C. W. Minge; Texas, F. E- Smith; 
Southwestern, J. H. McLean; Miami, K. H. Zwick; Ohio 
Wesleyan, A. B. Whitney; Ohio, J. P. Wood, Jr.; Ohio 
State, H. N. Schlessinger; Case, W, G. Stephan; Cincin- 
nati, Guido Gores; Michigan, J. M. Barr; Indiana, G. C. 
Burbank; Wabash, W. H. Hays; Indianapolis, C. W. Mc- 
Gaughey; Franklin, J. L. Holman; Hanover, E. A. Ballis: 
DePauw, F. V. Smith; Purdue, A. R. Brown; Northwestern, 
C. M. C. Buntain; Chicago, C. W. Chase; Knox, Harry 
Rex; Lombard, H. E. Foster; Illinois, S. M. Bayard; Wis- 
consin, A. W. Fairchild; Iowa Wesleyan, E. E. Crawford; 
Iowa, T. G. Fee; Missouri, G. H. English, Jr.; Westminster, 
C. F. Lamkin; Washington, T. F. Chaplin; Kansas, J. H. 
Fletcher; Nebraska, R. S. Mueller; California, H. A. Bou- 
shey. This gives us two Smiths and three Whitneys, with 
twelve"[chapters to hear from. This list may help pros- 
pective^delegates to remember names at Columbus. 

Established 1849 




Wo h.ivf* boon originators and loaders in fraternity jow- 
olry for years, and oxin'rionoo has tauffht us the wants of 
students. Wait till you soo our poods. You will not be 

Our badges are the correct slia|»e — this is important. 
The jowrls usimI are thn U'st that can l>e had— we pay for 
bt'ttor p<M>ds than other nuikers. Th«^ workinanshii) is un- 
e(]uallod — we've Ixtu making? jowolry since '49. 


--- ----_-_ Order Samptei for Impection 

IN GRFAT VARIFTY Through your Secretary. 

ill ^ ?A£i\_*_ V A t^'C l I Regulation PUdge Buttons. 

Mention Tue Scroll. 





Si>ecial Number. January. 1899 

No. 3 

Journal of Proceedings 




Phi Delta Theta Fraternity 




November 21, aa, 33. 34 and 35. t8<>^ 



The jourjial of proceedings of the national cojivention of the 
Phi Delta Theta fraternity ^ held at Columbus y Ohio, November 
21, 22, 2j, 2^ and 2j, i8^, has been edited by Walter R, 
Brown, S. G, C, and is published by the undersigned in ac- 
cordance luith the provisions of the code, as a special number of 
The Sc^oi^h for fanuary, i8^^. 

It is for circulation among members of Phi Delta Theta ex- 
clusively, and is sent to no outsiders. Phis should be very care- 
ful to see that copies do not fall into the hands of members of 
other fraternities. 

Hugh Th. Miller, R. G. C. 

Irving ton , India na . 





Phi Delta Theta Fraternity 


Hall of the House of Representatives, 
Columbus, Ohio, Monday, November 21, 1808. 

The semi-centennial national convention of the Phi Delta 
Theta fraternity was called to order by Walter B. Palmer, 
president of the general council, at 10:30 a. m. 

Our revered founder, Rev. Robert Morrison, D. D., read 
selections from the 15th and 133d Psalms and offered the 
opening prayer. 

Emmett Tompkins, Ohio Gamma, '74, introduced Gov- 
ernor Asa Bushnell, who welcomed the delegates to Colum- 
bus on behalf of the state of Ohio. Dr. John Edwin Brown, 
Ohio Beta, '84, introduced Hon. S. L. Black, mayor of 
Columbus, who turned over to the delegates the keys of the 
city. Cyrus Huling, Ohio Beta, '78, of Columbus, wel- 
comed the convention on behalf of the local Phis. Hugh 
Th. Miller, reporter of the general council, responded to 
these addresses on behalf of the officers, delegates and vis- 
itors. A recess was then taken to enable the delegates to 
meet Governor Bushnell and Mayor Black. 

The following greeting from local chapter of Phi Gamma 

Delta was read: 

Columbus, Ohio, November 21, 1898. 

To the Ohio Zeta Chapter of Phi Delta Theta: 

Gentlemen — Omicron Deuteron chapter of Phi Gamma Delta 
sends greeting to you and your guests in the event of your semi-cen- 
tennial anniversary, and wishes you and your visiting delegates a most 
enjoyable present and a most prosperous future. 

Yours respectfully, 
Omicron Dextteron Chapter of Phi Gamma Delta. 


This was acknowledged by a rousing Phi yell ending with 
' Phi Gamma Delta ! ' 

The president of the general council read his message 
(Exhibit D). 

Announcements in regard to various entertainments to be 
given to the visiting delegates were made by Dr. John Edwin 
Brown, chairman of the local committee of arrangements. 

The committees on credentials, visiting members, and 
rules and order of business and the names of the wardens 
were announced by the secretary (Exhibit C). 

The convention then adjourned. 


The afternoon session was called to order at 2:30 p. m. 

The convention was opened with the regular ritualistic 
form, after which a recess of five minutes was taken to per- 
mit the members to take by the hand Brother J. W. Lindley, 
Ohio Alpha, '50, one of the three living founders. 

The secretary, historian and reporter of the general coun- 
cil read their reports (Exhibits E, F, H, I). 

These were followed by the reports of the province presi- 
dents, those of the absent presidents being read by the sec- 
retary (Exhibits L, M. N, O, P). 

Moved, seconded and carried that the convention go into 
the committee of the whole to consider the report of the com- 
mittee on constitution and code appointed by the Philadel- 
phia convention. Dr. McCluney Radcliffe was called to the 
chair by the president. Several sections having been con- 
sidered, it was moved, seconded and carried that the com- 
mittee rise and report to the convention. The secretary 
made a report to the convention of progress on behalf of the 
committee of the whole. 

The general council were granted time at this point to 
complete the list of committees. 

The full list of committees was then announced (Ex- 
hibit C). 

On motion the convention adjourned. 


[At night the members of the convention enjoyed the 
hospitality of the Columbus Phis, at a reception given in 
honor of the delegates and visiting members in the assembly 
hall of the Hotel Chittenden.] 




Hall of the House of Representatives, 
Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, November 22, 1898. 

The convention was called to order at 10:30 a. m., Hugh 
Th. Miller, R. G. C, being in the chair. 

The following greeting was read and acknowledged by a 

Phi cheer, ending with * Sigma Nu ! ' 

Columbus, Ohio, November 22, 1898. 

To the National Convention of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity ^ 
Greeting : 

The members of Beta Nu chapter and of the Columbus, Ohio, alumni 
chapter of the Sigma Nu fraternity, wish to extend to the members of 
the Phi Delta Theta fraternity here assembled friendship and good 
will. Moved by the feeling which should pervade all fraternal circles, 
they take much pride in the apparent success of your convention, and 
will be pleased to grant, either collectively or individually, any cour- 
tesy which may be asked at their hands. 

Most cordially and sincerely yours, 

W. Harry Crawford, 
For Beta Nu of Sigma Nu. 

R. E. Sakford, 
For Columbus alumni of Sigma Nu. 

The committee on credentials made a partial report, 
recommending that delegates from chapters whose dues are 
paid to November 1, 1808, be allowed to vote on all ques- 
tions before the convention. The report was adopted. 

On motion, the convention went into the committee of the 

whole for the purpose of a further consideration of the report 

of the committee on constitution and code. Dr. McCluney 

RadcliflFe, H. G. C, was called to the chair. The following 

motion made by Geo. H. English was unanimously carried : 

Resolved, That the discussion of the report of the committee on 
the revision of the constitution be conducted in the following man- 
ner: That the chairman of that committee read simply the words 
and figures denoting the article and section of the constitution or the 
title and clause of the code. That unless some delegate signifies a 
desire to amend or discuss further the section or clause, silence 
shall be deemed a vote of approval. That the secretary keep a minute 
of all articles and sections or titles and clauses concerning which a 
discussion may arise, and that these sections and clauses be discussed 
after the reading of the constitution and code as provided above. 

After the reading of all the constitution and code, as 
provided in this resolution, a motion was made and carried 
that the committee rise and report progress. The secretary 
on behalf of the committee reported that the secretary had 
a record of all sections on which further discussion was de- 
sired, with the name of the person suggesting discussion. 


Frank D. Swope made bis biennial announcement relative 
to song books. 

W. B. Palmer read bis report as editor of tbe bistory (Ex- 

W. B. Palmer moved tbat a committee of tbree be appoint- 
ed, of wbicb tbe secretary of tbe general council sbould be 
cbairman, whose duty it should be to review the reports of the 
officers of tbe fraternity and refer any recommendations 
therein contained to tbe proper committees. Seconded and 
carried. C. F. Blair and A. W. Fairchild were appointed 
as tbe other members of such committee. 

Fred S. Ball offered tbe following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

Resolved, That Bro. Robert Morrison be requested to affix his auto- 
graph to an appropriate inscription in the book of Psalms used by him 
in opening this convention and that the book be then deposited with 
the fraternity librarian. 

Brother Ball was requested to see that this resolution was 
carried into effect. 

Moved by W. B. Palmer that the treasurer of the general 
council be authorized to buy tbe gavel used in opening this 
convention, if tbe same may be purchased from the state 
authorities, the gavel to be preserved as an historic relic by 
the fraternity librarian.* 

The convention then adjourned. 


The afternoon session w^as called to order at 3 p. m., by 
President Palmer. 

It was moved that all the privileges of tbe convention be 
extended to our two founders present, Brothers Morrison and 

It was moved, seconded and carried that in the committee of 
tbe whole tbe opening speaker on every question be limited 
to ten minutes and no other speaker be allowed to speak 
more than five minutes; that no member speak more than 
once on any question unless by unanimous consent. 

Moved, seconded and carried tbat all amendments to the 
constitution and code be reduced to writing and handed to 
the secretary. 

Moved, seconded and carried tbat tbe convention go into 
the committee of tbe whole to consider the report of tbe com- 

* Bro. Kmmett Tompkins presented the jfavcl to the convention at the banquet 
on Wednesday evening wiih the compliments of the state authorities. 


mittee on constitution and code. Doctor RadcliflFe was 
called to the chair, and the sections to which objection was 
made in the morning session were taken up. 

After discussion it was moved, seconded and carried that 
the committee now rise and report progress. It was decided 
that the secretary be not required again to report progress 
until the completion of the entire report of the committee 
on constitution and code. 

The convention then adjourned at 6 o'clock. 


[In the evening the delegates were entertained at a smokei 
at the chapter house of Ohio Zeta.] 


Hai,l of the House of Representatives, 
Columbus, Ohio, Wednesday, November 23, 1898. 

The convention was called to order at 10 a. m., by Presi- 
dent Palmer. 

Moved by W. R. Brown that Brothers Morrison and Lind- 
ley be requested to have their photographs taken singly and 
together, and that the treasurer of the general council pur- 
chase and present to each of them and also to Brother Rog- 
ers a copy of each picture. Seconded and carried. 

The committee on unrepresented and delinquent chap- 
ters made the following report, which was adopted: 

Your committee on unrepresented and delinquent chapters submits 
this report : 

We have found the following chapters to be unrepresented : Penn- 
sylvania Gamma, Virginia Gamma, Virginia Zeta, Kentucky Delta. 
Georgia Alpha, Louisiana Alpha, Indiana Theta. 

The following chapters, though not represented by accredited 
delegates, have alumni present who represent them : Pennsylvania 
Alpha, Kentucky Alpha. 

All these chapters are behind in dues. We recommend 

1. That the delegates from Maine Alpha and Alabama Alpha be 
paid their railroad fare on a promise to pay off all debts to the fra- 
ternity by January 1, 189i). 

2. That New York Epsilon, Illinois Eta, Michigan Alpha, North 
Carolina Beta and Louisiana Alpha be given until February 1, 1899, 
and Georgia Beta and Ohio Zeta until June 1, 1899, to pay their dues, 
past as well as those which subsequently accrue, to that date in full, 
and we authorize the general council, in case these chapters be still 
delinquent at those dates, to take such steps as may seem desirable 
to secure payment. 


3. That the general council be directed to inquire into the delin- 
quency of Pennsylvania Gamma and Georgia Alpha, the reasons of 
which can not be ascertained by us ; further that the gen eral council 
be authorized to take any steps necessary to remove such delin- 

4. That Kentucky Alpha's dues up to the present college year be 
reduced to |50, and that Kentucky Delta's dues to the same period be 
reduced to |36, and that, if these dues be not paid in full by April 1, 
1899, the general council be empowered to suspend their charters; 
and unless these amounts are paid by said date, the remissions above 
recommended shall not be allowed. 

5. That if Virginia Gamma has not paid her dues in full by Feb- 
ruary 1, 1899, the general council be empowered to suspend her char- 

6. That the indebtedness of Pennsylvania Alpha up to November 1, 

1898, be reduced to $78, provided the same be paid by February 1, 

1899. That if this amount, as well as the dues accruing on November 
1, 1898, be not paid by February 1, 1899, the general council be em- 
powered to take necessary steps to secure the payment. 

The committee on rules and order of business reported, 
recommending that, in view of the amount of business yet 
to be transacted, a session be held on Friday night, and 
requesting delegates not to make other engagements for that 
evening. Adopted. 

On motion the convention went into a committee of the 
whole to continue consideration of the constitution and code. 

The committee having risen and reported progress, the 
finance committee made the following report, which was 

The finance and auditing committee report the completion of their 
work on railroad fares and recommend that the convention authorize 
the treasurer to pay same on certificates furnished him signed by 
chairman of said committee, and further recommend that all chapters 
which have paid their dues to November 1, 1898, be permitted to re- 
ceive their railroad fares. 

We recommend that the delegate from North Carolina Beta be paid 
his railroad fare on the condition that he give his personal note for 
the full amount of indebtedness of his chapter to date, payable on or 
before December 15, 1898 ; also that the delegate from Georgia Beta 
be paid his railroad fare provided he give his personal note that his 
chapter dues shall be paid in full on or before June 1, 1899, as recom- 
mended in report of committee on delinquent chapters and adopted 
by the convention. 

President Palmer then announced that Ohio Eta had pre- 
pared gavels to present to each chapter in the fraternity; 
that the heads of the gavels were made from walnut from the 
campus of Old Miami, furnished by Ohio Alpha; the handle 
from oak from the birthplace of Robert Morrison, Ohio 
Alpha, '49, furnished by David Glenn Moore, Pennsylvania 
Gamma, '98, and that the gavels had been made by members 
of Ohio Eta. 


W. G. Stephan, on behalf of Ohio Eta, then presented the 
gavels to the various chapters through their delegates. 
Frank D. Swope responded on behalf of the convention. 
Remarks were made by Brothers Morrison and Lindley, and 
thus closed one of the most pleasant experiences of the con- 

The committee on appeals and grievances submitted the 
following report: 

In regard to the appeal of Philip Johnson Welch from the action of 
Ohio Gamma in expelling him from membership therein, the commit- 
tee on appeals and grievances, to which said appeal was referred, beg 
leave to report that we have carefully examined all facts and circum- 
stances as presented to us by both Ohio Gamma and said Welch, and 
we find and recommend as follows : 

That the action of Ohio Gamma in expelling Philip Johnson Welch 
was not without some justification and was actuated by a proper spirit 
as they understood their duty, but inasmuch as it is a stigma which 
will endure through life and said Welch is repentant of any wrong he 
may have committed, said penalty is too severe, and we therefore rec- 
ommend that the said Philip Johnson Welch be restored to Phi Delta 
Theta and that he be made eligible to affiliation in any chapter of Phi 
Delta Theta which may admit him. 

The reading of this report was followed by remarks by 
Emmett Tompkins, Fred S. Ball, Walter B. Palmer and 
others. A motion to recommit the report was carried. 

The convention then adjourned at 1 o'clock. 


The convention was called to order at 3 p. m. by Presi- 
dent Palmer. 

On motion the convention went into the committee of the 
whole, with W. R. Brown in the chair. The committee 
rose and reported progress at 4 p. m. 

It was moved, seconded and carried that when we adjourn 
we adjourn to meet at 0:30 a. m., Thursday. 

The committee on appeals and grievances reported that 
they had no other report to make on the appeal of Philip J. 
Welch. Moved, seconded and carried that the chair appoint 
a special committee to bring in a report on this matter. W. 
R. Brown as chairman appointed J. Clark Moore, Jr., W. F. 
Bradshaw, Jr., and T. F. Chaplin as such committee. 

The following resolution was adopted and ordered sent to 
Bro. O'Bleness: 

Wherbas, We have learned of the unfortunate accident that has 
befallen Bro. R. A. O'Bleness, who is an active member of Ohio Gam- 
ma of Phi Delta Theta, therefore, be it 


Resolved^ That the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, in convention as- 
sembled, do extend to Bro. O'Bleness and his family our sympathy 
and earnest hope for his speedy recovery. 

The convention then adjourned to attend the reception 
tendered by the young women of the Ohio State University 
chapter of Kappa Alpha Theta. 


[The evening was given up to the convention banquet at 
the Hotel Chittenden.] 



Hall ok the House of Representatives, 
Columbus, Ohio, Thursday, November 24, 1898. 

The convention was called to order at 10 o'clock A. m., 
with President Palmer in the chair. 

The committee on chapter houses submitted the follow- 
ing report, which was adopted: 

Your committee on chapter houses would respectfully submit the 
following report: 

We shall not endeavor to urge the necessity of the chapter house 
system upon the fraternity. That system has been recognized by the 
present administration of the fraternity as of vital importance to its 
well-being. Not a single chapter is opposed to the chapter house. 
In places where a chapter house seems impracticable, chapters lament 
that fact. In places where a chapter house is possible, but where 
none exists, chapters are ashamed of that fact. 

Nor shall we enter into much discussion of the methods by which a 
chapter can start a chapter house fund. That subject was admirably 
handled in the exhaustive report of the committee on internal im- 
provements submitted to the Philadelphia convention by John H. 

We find but one method of starting a chapter house not touched 
upon by that committee. This is the plan adopted by the New York 
alumni. These gentlemen have had themselves incorporated as a 
club. Sixty-five of them pay |10 each a year as dues. This suffices to 
hire a house and to pay something over into a chapter house fund. 
The house so rented is to be used as a club house and tenanted by a few 
members of New York Delta. The intention of the alumni is ulti- 
mately to purchase a house with the fund so obtained, and to turn the 
house over to the chapter, the alumni using it as a meeting place and 
the chapter using it as a dwelling. 

This plan is earnestly recommended for consideration by chapters 
located in large cities, such as the chapters at Providence, Chicago, 
St. Louis, Cincinnati, Syracuse, New Orleans and Minneapolis. 

Again we find that in some schools the college authorities are op- 
posed to the chapter house movement. This is the case with the 
chapters at Lafayette, Gettysburg, Mercer and Iowa State. 

Your committee would recommend that the general council be in- 
structed to open communication with the heads of colleges where 


such a state of things exists, with a view to changing their position on 
this question. 

On the whole, your committee feels that the fraternity should be 
congratulated upon the progress made along the line of chapter 
houses. In no other field is its advance more noticeable. At the time 
of the Philadelphia convention in 1896, 16 chapters occupied houses. 
Now there are nouses occupied at 26 colleges and universities, an ad- 
vance of 62*^ per cent. Moreover, it is likely that the opening of the 
next school year will find 9 other chapters in houses. 

Some chapters excuse their laxity in the chapter-house matter on 
the pounds of large resident membership. The solution of this prob- 
lem is surely plain enough, take in more men. It is not intended to 
recommend the taking in of undesirable men, but the devoting of 
especial attention towards securing good out-of-town men. The chap- 
ters referred to are Ohio, Missouri, Tulane, Franklin, Washington 
and Kansas. 

To enter more into detail, your committee, with the invaluable aid 
of Brother Hugh Th. Miller, finds the condition of the various chap- 
ters to be as follows: 

Maine Alpha has about |2,500 in notes. She seems to be waiting 
for an increase in her fund before starting actual operations. 

New Hampshire Alpha owns a lot and has a suite of rooms. She has 
made no material advancement towards securing a house. 

Vermont Alpha is living in a rented house, being the only chapter 
at Vermont in a house. 

Massachusetts Alpha is in a rented house. Except Theta Delta Chi, 
who rents, all other fraternities at Williams own houses. Although a 
fund is being started, the prospects for owning a house seem poor at 

Massachusetts Beta has a fine house owned by the chapter and be- 
ing rapidly paid for. 

At Brown University Psi Upsilon and Alpha Tau Omega are in 
houses, but Phi Delta Theta has none. The chapter claims that rents 
in the city are too high for it to make a success of the house. As the 
Providence alumni have organized with 30 members, it is to be hoped 
that the alumni club system will help to attain the desired result. 

New York Alpha has, as is well known, a magnificent home at Cor- 
nell. There is still due, however, $8,000 worth of stock in a building 
and loan association, on which $100 a month is being paid. At this 
rate five years will see this debt removed. Moreover, there is a sec- 
ond mortgage of $2,900 at 6 per cent., payable semi-annually and due 
in 1900. It is probable that part of the latter debt will be renewed. 

New York Beta rents probably the best house at the institution. 
Alpha Delta Phi and Psi Upsilon own houses. Delta Phi gave up its 
house and secured a hall. This chapter pays $45 per month, has 14 
men in the house and will soon have 16. The alumni seem to be 
weak. The houses are built upon the campus and have the advantage 
of not paying taxes and the disadvantage of not being able to be in- 

New York Delta has, as has been said, prospects through her alumni 
of soon having a house. 

New York Epsilon has a fine rented house in which 24 men reside. 

Pennsylvania Alpha excuses herself for no effort in this direction by 
alleging the fact that the faculty opposes chapter houses on account 
of the dormitory system. It seems, however, that Delta Kappa Epsi- 
lon has a rented house. As the attendance at Lafayette is not on the 


increase, chapter house prospects are dubious if the faculty maintains 
its opposition. 

Pennsylvania Beta's stone lodge is now ready for its roof and will be 
completed January 1, 1899. Chapter houses as dwellings can not exist 
at Gettysburg on account of the dormitory system. 

Pennsylvania Gamma was interrupted in the midst of a transaction 
to rent a house by the sudden death of its owner. The house which 
we hope she will soon obtain will be the last of the chapter houses 
upon the campus. 

Pennsylvania Delta, we understand, has moved into a new and bet- 
ter rented house. 

Pennsylvania Epsilon has a beautiful structure of Avondale marble 
completed up to the second story. It is and will continue to be the 
only chapter house upon the campus, as space is limited and the 
Phis obtained permission to build before other fraternities applied. 
The dormitory system prevails here, and it is unlikely that a chapter 
house proper will ever exist there. The house is being paid for by 
subscriptions. No notes have been executed, nor have the members 
been incorporated. We should recommend such action to this 

Pennsylvania Zeta is occupying a rented house, for which they pay 
$40 a month. They have a house building, into which they expect to 
move by the opening of the next school year. A large amount of 
furniture is owned by the chapter. 

Pennsylvania Eta occupies a rented house in * Fraternity Row,* hav- 
ing moved from her former quarters into a better house. 

Virginia Beta has been under such bad circumstances that she has 
not even a hall. But as she is now upon rising ground, paying dues 
and sending delegates, we expect soon to see her domiciled in the fine 
and roomy dormitories now being built and later in a house of her 

Virginia Gamma has not even thought of a house. Her inaction 
deserves censure. 

Virginia Zeta is too small and weak in alumni to take any action. 

North Carolina Beta is in the same condition. Delta Kappa Epsilon 
and Alpha Tau Omega are said to own houses there. These four last 
named chapters need bracing up before they can consider the question. 

Kentucky Alpha and Delta should be censured for failure to under- 
take this branch of fraternity work. Both chapters have strong and 
wealthy alumni. 

Tennessee Alpha owns a house with $1,800 incumbrance, against 
which she holds |2,(X)() in subscription notes. We are glad to note 
that competition of other fraternities has induced the Vanderbilt 
chapter to make improvements in its house and grounds. 

Tennessee Beta is occupying the pioneer chapter house of the south. 
Yet the chapter feels that the house is somewhat antiquated, and has 
decided to build a new one. The chapter has been incorporated and 
has raised about |8(H) in notes from the active members. There will be 
constructed a chapter house or lodge, as the university will allow, for 
the university owns all the land. 

Georj2jia Alpha has been enthusiastic but rash. She has rented an 
expensive house without giving up her lease on her hall, and hence is 
now behind in her dues. 

Georgia Beta has a good fund, but it is tied up and hard to realize 
upon. The chapter has an opportunity to enter a fine house, and 
should obtain possession of her fund at once. 


Georji^a Gamma, though in good condition to enter a house, is pre- 
vented by opposition on the part of the faculty. The alumni in 
Macon should remove this hinarance. 

Alabama Alpha has a hall but can never hope to enter a house be- 
cause of the fact that the three lower classes are compelled to live in 
barracks and under military discipline. 

Alabama Beta has on hand a fund of |100 cash. We should recom- 
mend to this chapter the adoption of the incorporation scheme. 

Mississippi Alpha has been handicapped for the last two years by 
late opening on account of the yellow fever quarantine. The chapter 
has been promised aid from the alumni in the shape of supplies; e. g., 
a car-load of lumber. Delta Psi has a house on the campus. 

Louisiana Alpha complains of expensive grounds and a large num- 
ber of resident members. But the alumni are strong and rich. The 
club system should be tried. 

Texas Beta is making no effort to take a house. There was some 
talk of renting, but it has not been done. 

Texas Gamma has about $1,500 in notes and cash and is working 
along the right lines. Kappa Alpha has a house upon the campus. 

Ohio Alpha complains of the lack of suitable buildings for rental 
purposes. The chapter has plans on foot for starting an owned house. 
Had buildings been available the chapter would have been housed 
ere now. We hope to see it so before next year. 

Ohio Beta deserves censure for its negligence in allowing Phi 
Gamma Delta to be ahead in the race for a house. The chapter is 
strong in active and alumni members and should go to work. 

Ohio Gamma has a large local alumni which has lately been organ- 
ized. Hence it should be easy to start a house. The chapter now 
rents rooms opposite the entrance to the campus. 

Ohio Zeta, as the members of this convention have cause to know, 
is pleasantly situated in perhaps the most suitable house in town. 
There seems to be, however, no effort made towards owning a house. 

Ohio Eta pluckily took a house last year. The chapter has since 
moved into a better place, the alumni paying the difference between the 
amount the active members are able to give and the price of a high- 
grade house. 

The Cincinnati chapter is occupying furnished rooms in the busi- 
ness part of the city. As the alumni took such an active part in the 
establishment of this chapter, it should not be hard to establish the 
club system. 

Michigan Alpha now rents a three-story frame house built especially 
for the chapter. For this $600 a year is paid. The furniture was 
made for the chapter and is decorated with Phi Delta Theta emblems. 
The chapter has also a plan working for the purchase of a house. 
About |3,000 in cash and notes is in the fund. The chapter expects 
to build within two years. 

Indiana Alpha, though having 300 alumni and a big chapter, has no 
house. There seems to be no excuse for this chapter's neglect. 

Indiana Beta is in the same condition and deserv^es the same cen- 

Indiana Gamma now occupies a rented house furnished by the 
chapter and with a small amount of help from the alumni. Four 
men live there. The chapter encountered the difficulty of a lar^e 
resident membership. The chapter deserves commendation for its 

Indiana Delta has a fine suite of rooms at low rent. The chapter is 


small, though strong in local alumni. There are many resident mem- 

Indiana Bpsilon occupies rooms and is now out of debt. The chap- 
ter hopes soon to move into the house of an alumnus who is about to 
leave the city. Sigm t Chi has a ^>,000 house and Phi Gamma Delta is 

Indiana Zeta has voted |loO to the purchase of additional furniture. 
A fund has been started by the execution of one-hundred-dollar five- 
year notes by the active members, and by the promise of $1,000 from 
an alumnus when the fund shall reach $1,000. 

Indiana Theta occupies a good rented house and has a hall. It is 
aided by ten local alumni who are classed as active in respect to dues. 
We have heard of no effort to secure an owned house 

Illinois Alpha occupies probably the best rented chapter house at 
Northwestern. We know of no efforts made by the chapter looking 
towards ownership. Sigma Chi has lost her house there, the only 
owned chapter house. 

Illinois Beta has encountered difficulty in retaining her flat. Aided 
by the general council and by the alumni, they have held a better flat 
this year than last. The other fraternities there have magnificent 
houses furnished by the alumni, and our chapter deserves credit for 
its plucky fight. 

Illinois Delta hopes to close a lease during this week for an excel- 
lent house. 

Illinois Zeta had to sell its house on account of debt. About $400 
in cash was saved out of the wreck, which will be devoted to the build- 
ing of a lodge, unless circumstances oppose. 

Illinois Eta is renting a suite of rooms at $27.50 a month, sufficient 
to rent a house. The chapter promises, however, to move in a rented 
house before Christmas. No other fraternity occupies a house there. 

Wisconsin Alpha, as is well known, owns and is steadily paying for 
an excellent house. 

Minnesota Alpha, although with a large and strong chapter, excuses 
herself by saying that Minneapolis is an unfavorable place for a chap- 
ter house and that other chapter houses are not succeeding. 

Iowa Alpha seems to be making little effort towards securing a house. 

Iowa Beta is struggling under the opposition of the college author- 

Missouri Alpha has just purchased a $1,500 lot facing the campus. 
The erection of the building will probably commence next spring or 
fall. Moreover, the chapter will probably occupy a rented house 
within the next two weeks. 

Missouri Beta's men have executed fifty-dollar five-year notes and 
are working among the alumni. By the time the present freshman 
class graduates, the house will be done. 

Missouri Gamma is waiting for the proposed change of station of 
the university. Ground will be allotted to them on the campus, and 
with their strong alumni the club house system should succeed. 

Kansas Alpha is paying $30 a month for rather cramped quarters. 
There should be no hesitancy in this chapter's going at once into a 
house if one can be found. Kansas claims, however, that the chapter 
houses at Lawrence are not succeeding, that Phi Kappa Psi has been 
compelled to give up her house and that Beta Theta Pi took in unde- 
sirable men in order to fill up her house. 

Nebraska is doing well. She has taken a better house this year 
than she had last, and with her strong alumni should soon own one. 


California Alpha has lately moved into a magnificent house in the 
best residence portion of Berkeley. The house is owned by the Phi 
Delta Theta corporation, and the debt will be steadily lowered. 

California Beta lives in a rented house, paying ^5 a month for the 
house and four acres of groun*i. There are excellent prospects for the 
possession of an owned house, owing to peculiar circumstances, due to 
the friendship of a wealthy patron of the chapter who is willing to 
loan them |IIO,000 without interest. 

Brothers Bowditch and Bagley were given an opportunity 
to address the convention in behalf of the Michigan Beta 
chapter, whose charter had been withdrawn by the general 
council. In reply the president of the general council 
read the report submitted by him to the general council 
after his visit to that chapter in November, 1897. 

It was moved and seconded that the action of the general 
council in withdrawing the charter of Michigan Beta be 
sustained by the convention. Moved that debate on this 
question be limited to fifteen minutes and that at the end of 
that time the previous question be moved. Carried. Moved 
that the entire time be given to the representatives of Michi- 
gan Beta. Carried. The following was offered as a substi- 
tute for the motion before the convention: Moved that the 
charter of Michigan Beta be restored to them pending the 
action of the next national convention. The representa- 
tives of Michigan Beta, in presenting this motion, extended 
an invitation to Delta province to hold the next province 
convention with them. The roll having been called on the 
substitute, it was lost by a vote of 27 to 12. The original 
motion being then put was unanimously carried. Brothers 
Bagley and Bowditch thanked the convention for the con- 
sideration and courtesy shown them by the convention and 
turned over to the secretary their charter. 

A recess was taken at this point on account of the con- 
vention photograph. 

The session was resumed at 12:30 o'clock p. m., and the 
convention voted to send telegrams of greeting to the fol- 
lowing Phi foot ball captains whose teams play to-day: 
Johnston of Illinois, Outland of Pennsylvania and Whiting 
of Cornell. A telegram of greeting was also sent to the 
alumni of Kansas City, who hold an alumni banquet this 

The following resolutions offered by Walter B. Palmer 

were adopted: 

Resolved^ That the general council assign the members of defunct 
chapters to the neighboring active chapters, that the active chapters 
may send annual circular letters to such members and that notice 
of such assignment be printed in The Scroti*. 


Resolved ^ That the general fund be drawn upon to purchase the lar^e 
fraternity flag made by The M. C. Lilley & Co., of Columbus, for this 
convention, and displayed over the convention headquarters, the same 
to be preserved by the fraternity librarian, and used at succeeding na- 
tional conventions. 

Resolved y 1. That the fraternity librarian be directed to rent a 
drawer in a safety deposit vault, in which to preserve the most im- 
portant records of the fraternity be preserved. 

2. That after completing, as nearly as possible, the file of annual 
circular letters, he shall have the same bound, and that he also shall 
have bound a complete file of The Scroi^l and The Palladium and 
all annual membership reports. 

3. That from duplicate copies of The Scroli*. over five years old, 
in his possession he shall furnish free of cost to chapters copies 
needed to complete their files, the total number of copies furnished to 
each chapter to be according to his discretion; and that he endeavor 
to collect from chapters duplicate copies of The Scroi,l and The 
Palladium^ to be used in supplying chapters with missing copies. 

4. That by exchange or purchase he shall endeavor to obtain copies 
of the catalogues, histories, song books and other important publica- 
tions of other fraternities. 

The following presented by W. B. Palmer was adopted: 

Whereas, Hubert H. Ward was one of the prime movers in the 
preliminary organization of the alumni chapter at Cleveland, Ohio, 
but his name was omitted from the application for the charier, because 
of temporary absence from the city ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the name of Hubert H. Ward be entered on the 
charter of the Ohio Gamma alumni chapter as one of the charter mem- 
bers thereof. 

On motion the convention adjourned at 1:30 p. m. 


[In the afternoon the delegates attended the foot ball game 
between Ohio Wesleyan University and Ohio State Univer- 
sity, as the guests of the Ohio State University athletic as- 


[In the evening the delegates were entertained at a recep- 
tion given by the ladies of the Ohio State University chap- 
ter of Kappa Kappa Gamma.] 


Hall of THE House of Representatives, 
Columbus, Ohio, Friday, November 25, 1898. 

The convention was called to order by President Palmer 
at 9:80 o'clock a. m. No quorum being present, no business 
was transacted until 10 o'clock. 



Moved, seconded and carried that we suspend the regular 
order of the day (the election of oflBcers), and that reports 
of committees be considered. 

The special committee, on the appeal of Philip J. Welch, 

made the following report: 

Your special committee on the appeal of Philip J. Welch, though 
appreciating the laudable efforts of Ohio Gamma to raise the moral 
standard of the chapter, finds, on careful investigation, that the 
charges against said Philip J. Welch have not been substantiated, and 
we therefoie recommend that he be reinstated to membership in Ohio 

It was moved and seconded that the report of the com- 
mittee be adopted. It was moved as an amendment that 
Ohio Gamma be sustained in the action taken in expelling 
P. J. Welch, but that the restriction prohibiting his being 
initiated into another chapter be removed. Seconded. An 
amendment to the amendment was made to substitute that 
Mr. Welch be reinstated in Phi Delta Theta as an alumnus 
member of Ohio Gamma. This amendment to the amend- 
ment was adopted. The amended motion was then put and 

The T. G. C. reported, and his report was referred to the 
committee on finance and auditing (Exhibit O). 

It was moved, seconded and carried that we now proceed 
to the election of officers, and that the officers be elected in 
the order in which they are named in the constitution; that 
nominating speeches be limited to two minutes. 

Dr. Radcliffe was called to the chair, and Walter B. Pal- 
mer placed in nomination for the office of president of the 
general council John E. Brown. His nomination was sec- 
onded by C. F, Lamkiii and J. Clark Moore, Jr. It was 
moved, seconded and carried that the secretary be instructed 
to cast the ballot of the convention for J. \\. Brown for pres- 
ident. This was done. John Edwin Brown then took the 
floor, declined to accept the office of president of the gen- 
eral council and presented his resignation, which was re- 
luctantly accepted. 

J. E. Brown then placed in nomination J. Clark Moore, 
Jr., for president. This was seconded by Eramett Tomp- 
kins. The secretary was instructed to cast the ballot of 
the convention for J. Clark Moore, Jr., as president of the 
general council. This was done. 

The convention then took a recess while Miss Mary 
French Field, daughter of the late Eugene Field, was in- 
troduced to the convention and entertained us with several 
recitations from her father's writings. Miss Field was then 


introduced to the members and the visiting ladies by Hngh 
Th. Miller. 

Brother Tompkins was then recognized by the chair and 
introduced the following resolution, which was unanimously 
adopted, the members rising and giving the Phi yell. 

Whereas, Eugene Field, of Missouri Alpha, who has added so 
much honor to Phi Delta Theta and lustre to American literature, has 
passed away to be known no more among men save as a sweet mem- 
ory, and 

Whereas, He has left a daughter whose mission is to please the 
world and keep ever fresh the name of her beloved father, be it 

Resolved^ By Phi Delta Theta in national convention assembled that 
Mary French Field be now adopted and hereafter known bv us as a 
daughter of Phi Delta Theta. 

It was moved, seconded and carried that Miss Field and 
Mrs. Dr. J. E. Brown be requested to remain in the hall 
during the further deliberations of the convention. 

The convention being called to order, Frank D. Swope 
was placed in nomination for the office of secretary of the 
general council by W. G. Stephan. This nomination was 
seconded by Walter R. Brown. The convention instructed 
the secretary to cast the vote of the convention for Frank 
D. Swope for secretary. This was done. Frank D. Swope 
then addressed the convention. 

D. N. Marble placed in nomination H. H. Ward for treas- 
urer of the general council. The nomination was seconded 
by Fred S. Ball, who asked that the election of Brother 
Ward be made by unanimous vote of the convention. The 
secretary was instructed to cast the unanimous vote of the 
convention for H. H. Ward. Brother Ward was called to 
the chair and addressed the convention. 

C. M. Buntain placed in nomination Hugh Th. Miller as 
reporter of the general council. This nomination was 
seconded by Robert Morrison. Nominations were closed, 
and the secretary was instructed to cast the ballot of the 
convention for Hugh Th. Miller as reporter of the general 
council. Brother Miller addressed the convention. 

W. T. Morris then placed in nomination McCluney Rad- 
cliffe for historian of the general council. This nomination 
was seconded by F. S, Hackett. C. F. Lamkin nominated 
R. H. Switzler, explaining that it seemed to him hardly 
proper to elect two general officers from the same city. Dr. 
Radcliffe withdrew his name and seconded the nomination 
of R. H. Switzler. Dr. J. E. Brown seconded Dr. Radcliffe's 
nomination. Moved, seconded and carried that nominations 
be closed. R. L. Hardy and E. C. Zeller were appointed 


tellers by the chair. It was moved, seconded and carried 
that written proxies be permitted except in case of election 
of ofi&cers. The roll of chapters and officers was then called, 
and the result of the ballot was: Radcliffe, 51 ; Switzler, 
13. Brother Lamkin, on behalf of Brother Switzler, moved 
to make the election of Brother Radcliffe unanimous. This 
was done. Brother Radcliffe then addressed the convention. 

W. B. Palmer nominated Emmett Tompkins, J. E. Brown 
and A. A. Stearns, of Ohio, and R. H. Switzler, of Missouri, 
as trustees of the fraternity. On motion, the secretary was 
instructed to cast the ballot of the convention for the above 
named men as trustees. 

The committee on catalogue and other publications made 
the following report, which was adopted: 

Your committee on catalogue and other publications, having care- 
fully considered and consulted with those familiar with the matters 
considered by them, beg to report as follows : 


1. The committee thinks that preparations for the publication of 
a new edition of the catalogue should be begun at once, since the prep- 
aration of such a work and its publication will require several years. 

2. They recommend that two editors of the catalogue be elected 
by the convention and instructed and empowered to begin the com- 
pilation of data necessary to bring the catalogue down to the date of 
the next convention. 

3. They recommend that the general council of the fraternity be 
empowered to pay to those editors such sums of money as may be 
necessary to cover the reasonable cost of carrying on such work. 

4. That the librarian of the fraternity be empowered and in- 
structed to furnish said editors files of The ScroIvI^, The Palladiutn^ 
chapter annual letters, and any other documents in his possession 
which they may require, to be preserved and returned by them to the 
librarian as soon as they shall have finished with them. 

5. That the historian of the fraternity be empowered and in- 
structed, likewise, to furnish to the editors such documents as are in 
his possession, which they may desire. 

6. That the catalogue editors be instructed to take from the pub- 
lications and documents mentioned in the two foregoing paragraphs 
all of the information suitable for catalogue purposes and arrange it in 
such manner and form as to make it easily available for proof when 
the preparations for the publication of the book shall be made. 

7. The committee recommends further that the scope of the cat- 
alogue be very much narrowed and that the editors be instructed and 
empowered to cut down, abbreviate or abolish the biographical data 
given in the last edition of the catalogue and prepare their materials 
upon the basis of a book which shall contain the names, present occu- 
pation and address of each member of the fraternity and college data 
concerning them, such as they tuay, upon consultation with the mem- 
bers of this fraternity who have had experience in that sort of work, 
determine upon. 


Your committee recommends, in accordance with the report of the 
editor of the history, that the said history be printed in installments 


in The Scroix, so that the pages containing the historical narrative 
can be separated from the remainder of the magazine and bound to- 
gether, making a book ; that the editor of The Scroti,, with the con- 
sent of the general council, be authorized to increase the pages of 
The Scroij,, so far as may be necessary for this purpose, and that he 
be instructed to carry out the wishes of Brother Walter B. Palmer, the 
editor of the history, as to the form and style of said printing. 

Your committee recommends that two hundred and fifty t250) extra 
copies of the sheets containing the said history be printed and pre- 
sented to Brother Palmer, to be used by him as he thinks best, as a 
slight recognition of his most unusual and valuable labors in the com- 
pilation of the history. 

Your committee further recommends that the general council be 
empowered to have these two hundred and fifty (2.>0) copies bound in 
cloth, in accordance with the wishes of Brother Palmer, and as he 
may request them to be bound, at the expense of the fraternity. This 
your committee thinks would be a graceful act upon the part of the 
fraternity, and by the sale of the books Brother Palmer mi^ht, in a 
measure, recompense himself for the expense which he has incurred 
in accumulating the data. 


Your committee recommends that the general council be authorized 
to print, at the expense of the fraternity, more annual report blanks 
for the historian, the present edition having been exhausted, and that 
said blanks be printed in accordance with the views of the historian 
when approved by the said general council. 


Your committee recommends that the general council be empowered 
and instructed to take up and consider the question of these books 
and to print and distribute, at the expense of the fraternity, a book, 
in accordance with the suggestions which it may receive, the instruc- 
tions of previous national conventions and its own views regarding 
the same. 

Moved by Frank D. Swope that Frank E. Hulett and L. 
J. Shlesinger be elected catalogue editors as provided in 
this report. Their nomination was seconded by W. B. 
Palmer. The secretary was instructed to cast the ballot of 
the convention for these brothers. This was done. 

J. E. Brown was then unanimously elected fraternity li- 
brarian . 

Convention adjourned at 1 :30 p. m. 


The convention was called to order at 3:30 p. m. 

The committee on appeals and grievances submitted the 
following report, which was considered by sections and 
adopted as read. 

After careful consideration your committee on appeals and grievances 
reports as follows: 

1. The trial and expulsion of L. I^. Mumford by Georgia Beta being 
irregular and unconstitutional, we recommend that the convention 


declare said L. L. Mumford a bona fide member of Phi Delta Theta 
and Georgia Beta, and fully reinstated to all its privileges. 

2. We recommend that the sentence of expulsion passed against 
John E. Meisenhelder by the Philadelphia convention be removed, 
and that he be reinstated as a member ot Phi Delta Theta and of Penn- 
sylvania Beta. 

8. That the action of the general council of Phi Delta Theta in 
expelling Frank C. Keen be ratified and confirmed, and the said Frank 
C. Keen be and remain expelled from the fraternity. 

4. That the charges brought against Illinois Alpha by the Sigma 
Alpha Hpsilon fraternity were unjust and without sufficient cause, and 
that Illinois Alpha therefore does not deserve to be censured. 

.J. That Illinois Eta be censured for their violation of title VI, 
clause 4, of the constitution, in initiating a man coming from another 
college where Phi Delta Theta has a chapter, without first securing 
consent of that chapter. 

The committee on finance and auditing submitted the 
following supplementary report, which was adopted as 

Your finance and auditing committee report that we have examined 
the books of the treasurer, having checked the entries found in cash 
book with stubs in receipt book and vouchers, and find the same to 
be correct. 

We further find that the treasurer has on hand as shown by deposit 
book of the Commercial National Bank of Columbus, Ohio, in checks 
and in currency paid to him by delegates, the amount of money called 
for in his report to the convention. 

The committee on alumni chapters made the following re- 
port, which was adopted: 

Your committee on alumni chapters would respectfully recommend: 

1. That the city clubs of our fraternity be advised to become duly 
incorporated under the laws of the states in which they are located. 

2. That the general council be requested to take the necessary steps 
towards establishing clubs at Syracuse and Buffalo, N. Y., Lexington 
and Danville, Ky., Memphis and Chattanooga, Tenn., Rome. Ga., Me- 
ridian, Miss., Austin, Dallas and Galveston, Texas, Terre Haute and 
Evansville, Ind., Grand Rapids, Mich., Evanston and Bloomington, 
111., Madison, Wis., Des Moines and Sioux City, la., Columbia, Mo., 
and Lincoln and Omaha, Neb. 

The committee on internal improvement reported as fol- 
lows, and their report was adopted as read. 

Your committee on internal improvement beg leave to submit the 
following report. As there is a special committee on chapter houses 
we will not consider this subject in our report. 

This report is in the nature of a collection of suggestions, and we 
sincerely hope that every one of them will be taken to heart, remem- 
bered, and that a decided improvement will be shown by next year. 
The mijor part of our hints are directed to the officers of the chap- 
ters, the reporter especially, but since the officers are chosen by the 
active members, the report refers indirectly to every man in the fra- 

First let us suggest the greatest care and consideration in the 
choosing of the officers in each chapter. A great deal depends upon 


each officer, and the very best man should fill the place for which he is 
best suited. The reporter should be very prompt and careful in the 
following matters, and the chapters should know the duties of the re- 
porter and see to it that they are conscientiously fulfilled. The 
historian should send in the annual membership report promptly on 
the first day of February, and it should be carefully written out and 
considered before it is copied onto the blank forms, so that no further 
change may be necessary. Annual circular letters should be writ- 
ten and issued by the first of February, one copy being kept on 
file for the chapter. All official communications should be promptly 
answered. The reporter should be very careful that a correct list 
of the active chapters of Phi Delta Theta be published in the 
college annual. This list should be taken from the directory in the 
latest number of Thk Scroix. Extreme care should be taken in this 
matter, as an incorrect list, either leaving out chapters that are active 
and strong, or putting in chapters that have been suspended or are not 
in existence, hurts our reputation and our character to a very great 
extent, as one can not -fail to see. The treasurer is one of the most 
important officers, and a freshman should never be chosen to this posi- 
tion. After the best man has been honored, let him strive to be the 
first to pay the dues of his chapter to the general council. 

The history of the chapter should be written annually and kept on 
file in a suitable book provided for this purpose only. 

We would earnestly urge that the chapters keep in the closest touch 
with their alumni. Seek their aid in all matters, correspond with 
them as much as possible, send them a copy of the circular letters 
and a notice of all the banquets or other social events you may have ; 
ask them to be on the lookout for new men who are about to enter 
your college and who may be available. We think that the chapters 
in the same province ought to become better acquainted with each 
other ; carry on a periodical correspondence, send delegates to each 
other's banquets, and above all let the province president become ac- 
quainted with everybody in his jurisdiction and by his visits keep the 
chapters united and interested in each other. If any Phi is in a city 
where a chapter of Phi Delta Theta is situated, let him consider it his 
first duty to call on the members, and let them show their hospitality. 
Use your brothers. 

It is very necessary that every man should own a badge. From the 
historian's report we learn that only three-fifths of the members have 
them. A good pin can be secured for four dollars, and we hope to hear 
of a decided improvement in the historian's report at the next con- 

We have carefully prepared a table concerning the paraphernalia 
owned and the ceremonies performed. From this table we learn a 
number of facts and we make some suggestions as follows : that more 
chapters purchase swords, urns and the Palladium, and that the anni- 
versary, alumni day, and valedictory ceremonies be faithfully ob- 
served and carried out. We would suggest a more uniform time for 
the regular weekly meetings, as Friday or Saturday evenings, for 
most of the chapters meet on one of these evenings. 

[The table referred to has been omitted because the absence of certain dele- 
gates made it incomplete, and because it may be prepared more accurately from 
the annual reports to the H. G. C, due February 1.— Ed.] 

We would advise, as the committee on internal improvements rec- 
ommended two years ago, that literary exercises, extempore speak- 
ing, debates and musicales should be held as often as possible. 

In closing we want to urge upon you the same thing that Bro. 


Moore has already mentioned, that is the performance of the ritual 
and the secret work. Uniformity is very essential, and this can be 
obtained in only one way. Let every one carefully learn the secret 
work and faithfully represent it to his chapter. We would suggest 
also that the opening and closing ceremonies should be learned by 
heart by the officers presiding. 

The committee on fraternity jewelry and jewelers re- 
ported, and their report was adopted: 

By a recent constitutional amendment all members of the fraternity 
are required to wear the badge of the order while in college. This 
regulation should be strictly observed. 

We recommend that the following persons be appointed as the offi- 
cial jewelers of the fraternity : D. L. Auld, Roehm & Son, Simons, 
Bro. & Co., Wright, Kay & Co., and J. F. Newman. That all mem- 
bers be requested not to buy badges or other fraternity jewelry from 
any other houses. 

A matter condemned by the committee is the practice of wearing 
the shield of the badge detached from the sword. The badge thus 
worn is incomplete and is contrary to the constitution ; the presence 
of the sword is essential to the full significance of our pin. 

The convention then went into the committee of the whole 
for the consideration of the constitution and code, with 
Hugh Th. Miller in the chair. 

A recess was taken at •") p. m. to permit Robert Morrison 
to address the convention, as he was compelled to leave the 
city. At six o'clock the committee rose and recommended 
to the convention the adoption of the report of the commit- 
tee on constitution and code as amended by the committee 
of the whole. 

It was moved, seconded and unanimously carried that the 
constitution, code and forms as amended by the committee 
of the whole be adopted. 

The committee on time and place of next convention re- 
ported as follows: 

The committee on time and place of next convention begs leave to 
suggest before reporting on that subject. 

That, inasmuch as December 20, 1898, is the oOth anniversary of 
the founding of 4> A G at Miami University, the Phis of Miami on 
that day plant on the campus a tree taken from Bro. Morrison's birth- 
place, and that on Tuesday, June lo, of commencement week there 
be held a gathering around this tree of all Phis who can be present. 
We further suggest that a tablet with proper inscriptions be placed in 
the hall in which Phi meetings were first held. 

1. As for the time of the next convention, the committee recom- 
mends that it be held in Thanksgiving week, 1900. 

2. As for the place, we have received cordial invitations from 
New York, New Orleans and Louisville. All of these places have ad- 
mirable features, but after due inquiry and consideration we unani- 
mously recommend the selection of Louisville. 

All the report except the last section was unanimously 


Bro. Hackett maae a stroug plea in behalf of the substi- 
tution of New York as the place of the meeting. Walter B. 
Palmer also spoke in favor of New York in one of the strong- 
est speeches made before the convention. E. J. Riederer 
and E. L. Hegeman followed in favor of New York. Frank 
D. Swope presented the claims of Louisville, and the sec- 
tion, being voted upon, was adopted by a vote of 20 to 17, 
without counting proxies. On motion by Bro. Hackett the 
vote was made unanimous. The report was then adopted 
as a whole. 

The convention adjourned at 7 p. m. 


The convention's final session was called to order at 9 p. m. , 
with Hugh Th. Miller in the chair. 

The following was offered by W. B. Palmer: 

Resolved, P'irst. That the design for coat-of-arms adopted by this 
convention, and blazoned in the new constitution, be copyrighted by 
the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. 

Second. That hereafter this coat-of-arms shall be the only design 
that chapters shall be permitted to use in college annuals. 

Third. That for a term of four years sole authority to engrave such 
design for any purpose, and to furnish steel-plate engravings of the 
same for college annuals, shall be granted to Mr. Richard B. Lock- 
wood, 20S Broadway, New York. 

Brother Palmer, as chairman of the committee on revis- 
ion of the constitution, explained that for nearly a year he 
had been in correspondence with Mr, Lock wood, who had 
shown great interest in perfecting the design, and whose 
critical taste had materially contributed to the marshaling 
of the coat-of-arms in strict conformity with heraldic rules. 
He considered that Mr. Lockwood was entitled to the ex- 
clusive right of reproducing the design, for a four- year term, 
as a reward for his pains, the latter having agreed to furnish 
chapters with copies of the design printed from a steel plate, 
to be used as insets for college annuals, the price of same to 
be governed by the market price for first-class engraving, 
and the price for this season to be $1.10 per hundred insets. 
The resolutions were adopted. 

The committee on special resolutions offered the follow- 
ing report, which was unanimously adopted: 

Recognizing, as we do, at this, the semi-centennial of our honored 
fraternity, the proud eminence to which it has attained, and im- 
pressed with the fact that this long half century has been one of con- 
stant and well-nigh marvelous growth and prosperity ; and especially 
proud of the signal and substantial advancement of the last two years 
of its existence, not in territorial extension, but in the renewed spirit 


of loyalty and devotion and in the increased interest evidenced in the 
sacred history of our birth and early infancy ; and believing that this 
growth and spirit is due mainly to those who during the last adminis- 
tration have had the interests of the fraternity in their keeping; 
therefore, by Phi Delta Theta in convention assembled, be it 

Resoh'ed, 1. That we are deeply grateful to an Almighty Provi- 
dence for the preservation to us during these years of our life of three 
of the six founders of our fraternity, and especially thankful that it 
has been made possible for two of them, Brother Robert Morrison and 
Brother John W. Lindley, to be with us at this convention ; that we 
consider it an honor never to be forgotten to be allowed to renew our 
pledges under the Bond we love so well with those whose mind and 
heart conceived it, and that it be the sense of this convention that a 
hearty invitation be extended to them, together with Brother A. W. 
Rogers, whose absence from this convention we deeply regret, to be 
present at our next convention, to be held in the citv of Louisville, in 

2. That we are greatly pleased to have had with us at this gather- 
ing our two sisters in Phi Delta Theta, Miss Mary Morrison and Miss 
Lindley, and extend to them, along with their fathers, our fathers, an 
unbounded welcome to any and all gatherings of the fraternity. 

.S. That to president, Walter B. Palmer, more than to any other 
man in our ranks, are we indebted for the unequaled success of the 
fraternity during the last two years; that it is with much difficulty 
that we express to him our deeply felt appreciation for his pre-emi- 
nent service in our interest. With unflagging zeal since and even be- 
fore his elevation to the highest position within the power of the fra- 
ternity to grant, he has devoted his time and energy to advance the 
standard of 4> A G. For years he has been engaged in collecting from 
various sources old manuscripts, records and letters bearing upon the 
history of our long and prosperous existence, looking to the ultimate 
publication of a complete fraternity history. He has edited and pub- 
lished the manual of Phi Delta Theta and the minutes of our old Ohio 
Alpha. He has prepared the excellent article upon our fraternity in 
Baird's American College Frateruities, which reveals so excellently 
the exalted position now occupied by our order. Wherefore, be it 

Resolved, That a special vote of thanks of this convention be ex- 
tended Bro. Palmer for these invaluable services. 

4. That the fraternity is proud of its official publication, Thk 
ScROLi^, which we consider the true type of a fraternity journal. That 
we realize its unrivaled success to be due to the efficient and untiring 
efforts of the editor, Hugh Th. Miller; and it is the desire of this con- 
vention to express to him our appreciation and thanks for his work in 
its interest and in our behalf. 

.). That we take this opportunity to express to Brothers Walter B. 
Palmer, John E. Brown, Marshall H. Guerrant. Hugh Th. Miller and 
Dwight N. Marble, the committee for the revision of the constitution 
and ritual, our sincere gratitude for their excellent work in such re- 
vision and the vast amount of labor necessary for its completion. 

0. That, to the retiring general council we express our gratitude 
for the faithful and efficient manner in which they have performed 
the arduous duties of their respective offices during their administration. 

The unparalleled success of this, our semi-centennial convention 
can be attributed to no one person; all to whom opportunity was given 
responded heartily with whatever was requested of them, making self- 
pleasure wholly subordinate to the success of the convention and to 


the enjojrment of delegates and visiting Phis. For this kind consid- 
eration and sacrifice we are indeed most grateful and therefore^^be^it 
Resolved^ That a vote of thanks be extended . ^^ % 

1. To the Phi Delta Theta alumni association of central Ohio for 
the kind invitation extended us to hold our semi-centennial conven- 
tion in their beautiful city of Columbus, through whose tireless efforts 
this convention has terminated with such pronounced benefit to the 
fraternity and enjoyment to all visiting Phis. 

2. To Brothers Hmmett Tompkins, John E. Brown and Woodbury 
Morris, most especially, who so willingly and kindly took upon their 
shoulders the great burden of bringing this convention to a successful 

3. To Mrs. Emmett Tompkins. Mrs. John E. Brown and Miss Morris, 
whose readv services were of invaluable assistance to these brothers 
and a means of extreme pleasure to us all. 

4. To Governor Bushnell of Ohio, to Mayor Black of the city of 
Columbus, and to Brother Cyrus Huling for their words of cordial 
greeting and hearty welcome at the opening of the convention and 
for their kind praise of our organization and their ho|>e for our future 

5. To the Ohio Zela chapter of ♦ A 6 at the Ohio State University 
for their kind consideration of our pleasure during our sojourn in 
their city. 

r». To the young ladies of Columbus and of the Ohio State Uni- 
versity to whose kindly efforts and genial society much of the pleas- 
ure and success of this convention is due. 

7. Especially to the local chapters of Kappa Alpha Theta and 
Kappa Kappa Gamma for their generous and excellent entertainment 
of our fraternity; we wish to assure them of our high appreciation of 
their kindness and thoughtful ness. 

H. To the Omicron Deuteron chapter of Phi Gamma Delta and 
the Beta Nu chapter and Columbus alumni chapter of Sigma Nu for 
their generous greeting, friendship and good will expressed to us and 
for their kind regard for our success; be it therefore 

Resolvai, That the secretary of the general council acknowledge 
all these courtesies and extend to all those named the thanks of this 

U. To Mr. D. L. Auld for the beautifully designed convention 
button he so generously presented to the delegate and visiting mem- 
bers of our fraternity. 

10. To the enterprising press of Columbus for the very generous 
and laudable mention of the proceedings of this convention. 

11. To the Chittenden hotel and its manager, A. P. Rusk, for the 
very courteous and indulgent treatment extended to us while in their 
city. To Mrs. A. P. Rusk, also, for her kindness and watchful ness in 
promoting our pleasure. 

12. To the state of Ohio for their kind presentation to the frater- 
nity of the gavel used in our convention proceedings and for the use 
of the assembly hall for our convention meetings. 

V.\. To our infant chapter Ohio Eta and especially to Brothers 
Hulett, Stephan and Gifford and to our parent chapter at old Miami 
and to Brother D. Glenn Moore for their labor of love in furnishing to 
each chapter of our fraternity a gavel, made of walnut from the old 
Miami campus and from oak from the birth-place of our father, Rob- 
ert Morrison, moulded by the hands of Phis and presented by Phis to 
the representatives in this convention ; we assure these Phis that this 
token of loyalty and love is deeply appreciated by every chapter in 


the fraternity and will be highly prized as long as our beloved frater- 
nity shall endure. 

14. To Bro. McConica for his kind invitation to the visiting and 
local Phis to visit the Ohio state penitentiary. 

15. To the Ohio state university athletic association for the gener- 
ous contribution to the convention delegates of tickets to the Ohio 
state and Ohio Wesleyan foot-ball game. 

16. To Brother Crawford A. Peffer for his kindness in making the 
arrangements for the visit of Miss Mary French Field to the national 

17. To our newly adopted daughter, Miss Mary French Field, 
daujghter of our late Brother Eugene Field, for her delightful contri- 
bution to the enjoyment of the convention week, with the assurance 
of this convention that she will always be accorded a hearty welcome 
in any gathering of our order; therefore be it 

Resolved^ That these resolutions be made of record in the minutes 
of this convention and that copies be furnished the press of Columbus 
for publication. 

A bare quorum being present, it was resolved that no 
delegate be permitted to leave the hall without the consent 
of the convention. 

The following motion offered by Fred S. Ball was carried: 

Resolved, That the treasurer of the general council be allowed five 
per cent, of all fraternity dues collected by him as remuneration for 
his services. That said sum shall be paid to him at the time he 
makes his quarterly report to the president of the general council. 

The following resolution offered by Fred S. Ball was 


Resolved, That the incoming general council be instructed to dis- 
tribute among the active chapters of the fraternity all but 800 volumes 
of the sixth edition of the catalogue, provided the chapters pay the 
actual expense of the distribution. 

. It was moved by H. H . Ward that the general council be di- 
rected to buy a badge to cost not exceeding twenty- five dollars 
to be presented to Bro. J. W. Lindley. W. B. Palmer offered 
as a substitute that Hugh Th. Miller be directed to have 
three badges made similar to the one made by the first Phi 
Delta Theta jewelers, Beggs & Smith, Cincinnati, Ohio, in 
1854, for his father, John C. Miller, Indiana, '55, and which 
Bro. Morrison says is 2i facsimile of the original badge made 
by Beggs & Smith in 1849; and that these three replicas be 
presented to the three surviving founders of the fraternity, 
the expense thereof to be paid for out of the general fund. 
The substitute was accepted and the motion passed. 

The following resolution was offered by Fred S. Ball and 
was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That in consideration of the valuable services rendered 
the fraternity by our lamented Brother E. H. L. Randolph, any and 
all financial obligation on his part to the fraternity be and the same is 
hereby canceled. 


The committee on nomeuclature submitted the following 

report, which was adopted as read: 

Your committee on nomenclature would report that after careful 

consideration of the subject committed to us, we would advise that 

to rename certain chapters would only create further confusion and at 

the same time be very obnoxious to chapters who might be obliged to 

give up the old names under which they have lived so long. To quote 

from Brother J. E. Brown: 

If a change in nomenclature is made, in three or four years from now the un- 
dergraduate then in college will not he able to explain to the rising alumnus just 
why the change was made, ... A man's interest in the fraternity is affected 
by the sentiment and individuality of the chapter from which he has been gradu- 
ated. He likes to feel that it is not subject to fluctuations. 

We therefore recommend that no change be made. 

The committee on chapters and charters submitted the 

following report: 

Your committee on chapters and charters begs to submit the follow- 
ing report: 

1. We find that the present situation at Lombard is unfavorable to 
the continuance of our chapter there on account of the lack of suitable 
material and the weakness of the college in resources and support. 
We recommend that the chapter be put on probation and if at the 
time of the next convention improvement in the above mentioned 
respects is not shown, that the charter be withdrawn. 

2. As the conditions at Wooster are not favorable to the re estab- 
lishment of our chapter there, and as there seems to be but a small 
chance for improvement in the near future, we recommend that the 
charter of Ohio Delta, which is now held in trust by the province 
president, be withdrawn. 

:>. We recommend that the general council investigate the situation 
at the University of West Virginia and the University of Colorado and 
take steps toward entering the above institutions if they deem it wise. 

The report was considered by sections. 

The following was offered as a substitute for section 1 of 
the report and after a lengthy discussion was adopted by a 
vote of *26 to 11. 

Whereas, Illinois Zeta is willing to surrender its charter to the 
next national convention if Lombard university should not make sat- 
isfactory progress or Illinois Zeta be not then in good condition ; now 
be it 

Rcsofird, That Illinois Zeta be allowed to retain its charter until the 
next national convention, which shall act upon the matter. 

The remaining sections of the report were adopted as 
read, after which the report as amended was adopted. 

The committee on chapter house funds made the follow- 
ing report, which was adopted: 

Your committee on chapter house funds recommends that the gen- 
eral council be instructed to co-operate with Georgia Beta to secure 
the collection of the cliRpter- house fund of that chapter, which has 
been loaned by the treasurer of the fund without authority and with- 
out security to an irresponsible person. 

2. That the general council be instructed to take such steps as it 


may deem necessary under the constitution and code in reference to 
the proceeds of the sale of the chapter-house of Illinois Zeta. 

The committee on Scroi,l and Palladium submitted the 
following report, which was adopted as read: 

Your committee on Scroi^l and Palladium recommends: 

J. That the Scroll be issued live times during the college year, in 
the months of October, December, February, April and June. 

*2. That the Palladium, alternating with the Scroll, be issued in 
the months of September, November, January, March and May and 
that it be read only by members of Phi Delta Theta. 

8. That the price of both publications be one dollar per year to 
alumni members, the rate to active members remaining the same as at 

4. That chapter reporters be instructed to procure as many sub- 
scribers as possible amonjs: the alumni. 

5. That the editor of Thk Scroll publish a semi-centennial sou- 
venir number of The Scroll, giving half-tone groups of all chapters 
and houses occupied. 

<». That the remuneration of the editor of The Scroll remain as 
at present. 

We heartily commend the painstaking editor in making The Scroll 
the best exponent of fraternity journalism. We realize that The 
Scroll has been one of the most important factors in advancing the 
interests of Phi Delta Theta. Surely our fraternity is to be congratu- 
lated upon having such an able and enterprising editor. 

The press committee reported as follows, and the report 
was unanimously adopted. 

Your press committee begs simply to report that it has received 
great courtesy at the hands of the Columbus newspapers. 

Your committee, therefore, recommends that a vote of thanks be 
extended by the fraternity to the Ohio State Journal, the Columbus 
Dispatch and the Columbus Press-Ibsl. 

A vote of thanks was extended to this committee for their 
efficient services in supplying reports of our meetings to the 
Columbus papers. 

It was moved, seconded and carried that the Cincinnati 
chapter be known as Ohio Theta. 

The committee on provinces submitted a majority report 

as follows, which report was adopted. 

The committee on provinces recommends that the chapters of the 
fraternity be divided into the following provinces: The provinces of 
Alpha and Beta shall remain as at present constituted. Gamma 
province shall consist of chapters of Alabama and Georgia. Delta 
province shall consist of Ohio and Michigan. Kpsilon province shall 
consist of Indiana. Zeta province shall consist of Illinois, Wisconsin, 
Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska. Kta province shall 
consist of Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Theta province shall 
consist of California. 

The minority report was not read. 

The report of the committee on visiting members was on 
motion adopted without reading (Exhibit C). 


Moved, seconded and carried that the retiring officers be 
requested to send all archives and records in their possession, 
not needed by their successors, to the fraternity librarian. 

Moved that the delegates be permitted to take their copies 
of the constitution and code home with them to be kept until 
the revised copies shall be printed. Carried. 

The committee on secret work gave instruction in the 
secret work of the fraternity, forty delegates being present. 

Moved by Fred S. Ball that the constitution and code 
adopted to-day go into effect at the date when printed copies 
are furnished the chapters. Carried. 

The convention adjourned sine die at 11:40 o'clock p. m. 

Walter R. Brown, 




College Chapters. 

Maine Alpha, Charles Fkankun Towne, '00. 

New Hampshire Alpha, Charles Pratt Graham, *99. 

Vermonl Alpha, Charles Francis Blair, '99. 

Massachuseils Alpha, Daniel Fitts, Jr., '99. 

Massachusetts Beta, Herbert Porter Whitney, '99. 

Rhode Island Alpha, Thurston Mason Phetteplace, '99. 

New York Alpha, Eugene Charles Zeller, '99. 

Neiv York Beta, Edmund Le Chevalier Hegeman, '99. 

Nezv York Delta, Frank Sutliff H.ackett, '99. 

Neio York Epsilon, Benjamin Van Etten Dolph, '98. 

Pennsylvania Alpha, Earl Hallowell Saxe, '01 (unofficial). 

Pennsylvania Beta, Hiram Harpel Keller, '01. 

Pennsylvania Delta, Edwin Stacey Oakes, '99. 

Pennsylvania Epsilon, Irvin May Wertz, '99. 

Pennsylvania Zeta, William Thackara Read, '00. 

Pennsylvania lita, Robert Maximilian Straub, '99. 

Virjritiia Beta, John Neuron Furniss, '00 (Alabama Alpha, '98). 

North Carolina Beta, Isaac Faust Harris, '00. 

Kentucky Alpha, Peyton Bryson Bethel, '97 (alumnus). 

Tennessee Alpha, William Francis Bradshaw, Jr., '99. 

Tennessee Beta, Telfair Hodgson, '99. 

Georgia Beta, Frank Sidney Palmer, '99. 

Georgia Gamma, George Wright Whitney, '99. 

Alabama Alpha, Frank Caleb Owen, '99. 

Alabama Beta, Isham Fennell McDonnell, '1*9. 

Mississippi .llpha, George Latham R.ay, '98 (law, '00). 

Texas Beta, RuFus Lamar Hardy, '99. 

Te.vas Gamma, John Howell McLean, Jr., '00. 

Ohio .Alpha, Karl Harvey Zwick, '00. 

Ohio Beta, Allen Banks Whitney, '99. 

Ohio Gamma, Erwin Clyde Merwin, '(X). 

Ohio Zeta, Hugo Nathan Schlesinger, '99. 

Ohio Eta, Walter George vStephan, ,'99. 

Ohio Theta, Guido Gores, '01. 


Michigan Alpha, Joseph Milton Barr, *iM». 

Indiana AlphOy Glenn Canary Burbank, '1H). 

Indiana Beta, Wiujam Harrison Hays, '00. 

Indiana Gamma, Carl Williamson McGaighky, '01. 

Indiana Delta, William Webster Wilson, '01. 

Indiana Epsilon, Eugene Albert Ballis, '99. 

Indiana Zeta, Foster Vestal Smith, '99. 

Illinois Alpha, Cassius M. Clay Bintain, '99. 

Illinois Beta, Charles Warren Chask, 't»9. 

Illinois Delta, Harry Neal Rex, '00. 

Illinois Zeta, Guy Parke Conger, '00. 

Illinois Eta, Samuel Michael B.\yard, '99. 

Wisconsin Alpha, Arthur William Fairchild, '97 (law, '00 1. 

Minnesota Alpha, William Henry Condit, '96 (medical, '99). 

louHt Alpha, Erwin Earl Crawford, '99. 

Io7va Beta, Thomas Grant Fee, '00. 

Missouri Alpha, George Harrison Kngllsh, Jr., '97 daw, '99). 

Missouri Beta, Charles Fackler Lamkin, '99. 

Missouri Gamma, Trescott Fox Chaplin, '96 (law, 'IH)). 

Kansas Alpha, John Herbert Fletcher, '99. 

Nebraska Alt>ha, John True Sumner, '99. 

California Alpha, Homer Astley Boushey, '01. 

California Beta, Percy Ray McDowell, '00. 

Alumni Clubf . 

Boston, Herbkrt Jackson Hapgood, Datimouth, 'IMJ. 

AVzi' York, Emil Justus Riederer, Columbia, '97. 

Philadelphia, James Clark Moore, Jr., Pennsylvania, '98. 

Pittsburgh, William Preston Beazkll, Allegheny, '97. 

Louisville, Frank Pullen Kenney, Central, '94. 

Nashville, Walter Benjamin V\t.uv.K, Emory, '11 ( randerbilt,*HO). 

Montgomery, Frederick Samuel Ball, Ohio State, '88. 

Cincinnati, Scott Bonham, Ohio H^'esleyan, '82. 

Akron, Samuel Emerson Findley, Buchtel, '94. 

Cleveland, Herbert Carroll Wood, Amherst, '93. 

Columbus, Emmett Tompkins, Ohio, '74. 

Athens, Israel Moore Foster, Ohio, '95 {Ohio State, '98). 

Franklin, George Banta, Franklin, '76 {Indiana, '76). 

Indianapolis, Hugh Thomas Miller, Indianapolis, '88. 

Chicago, Frank Joseph Ross Mitchell, Northwestern, '96. 

Minneapolis, Walter Reynolds Brown, Minnesota, '89. 

St. Louis, Trescott Fox Chaplin, Washington, '96. 

Ka?isas City, Royall Hill SwiTzlek. Missouri, '98. 

General Council and Other Officers. 

President of the G. C, Walter Benjamin Palmer, Emory, '11. 

Secretary of the G. C, Walter Reynolds Brown. Minnesota, '89. 

Reporter of the G, C, Hugh Thomas Miller, Indianapolis, '88. 

Treasurer of the G. C, Frederick Samuel Ball, Ohio State, '88. 

Historian of the G. C, McCluney Radcliffe, Lafayette, '11 (Penn- 
sylvania, *82). 

Fraternity Librarian, John Edwin Brown. Ohio Wesleyan, '84. 

Editors of the Song Book, Frank Dugan vSwope. Hanover, '80, W. 
B. Palmer. 

Editor of the History, W. B. Palmer. 

President of Alpha Province, James Clark Moore, Jr., Pennsyl- 
vania, *93. 

President of Delta Province, Hubert Herrick Ward, Ohio State, *90. 

300 77//; SCROLL. 



Chari.ks Hovhv Dodge, Springfield, Mass., Colby, '93 

Woodbury Treat Morris, Columbus, Ohio, IViiliams, '92 
Wai.ter Haves, Troy, Ohio, IVoosicr, 'iXJ, and .Amherst, '97 

George Rogers Mansfield, Cleveland, Ohio, Amherst, 'S»7 

Lewis Peter Tip:r. Norwalk, Ohio, ComcU, '74 
Theodore Lindenrerc., Columbus, Ohio, Ohio S/a/t'And Cornelia *9.i 

Anthony James Hornsby, Palmyra, N. Y., (Juion, MW» 

Thomas Hill Munro, Jr., Camil'lus, N. Y.. Syramse, *99 
Krnest Gray Smith, Martin's Ferry, Ohio, 17th Infantry 

U. S. A. (now in Manila), Lafayette, *S>\ 

Crawford Alberti Peffer, Cleveland, Ohio, Allegheny, '92 

Edwin Earl vSoult, Greenville, Pa.. Allegheny, 'IK) 

RossER Daniel Bohannon, Columbus, Ohio, Mr^inia, '70 

DwiGHT Newcomb Marble, Pittsburgh, Pa., Centre, '82 

^Robert Morrison, Fulton, Mo., Miami, '-19 

*JoHN Wolfe Lindley, Fredericktown, Ohio, Miami, '50 

Andrew Carr Kemper, Cincinnati, Ohio, Miami, '.V^ 

Bruce Paul Jones, London, Ohio, Miami, 'HS 
Jamf:s Hollingsworth Puntf:nney, Columbus, Ohio, Miami, '71 

William Ernest Stokes, Jacksonboro, Ohio, Miami, '9*.> 

Thornwell Karl Walker, Oxford, Ohio, Miami, '9*.> 

Francls Meade Bowen, Logan, Ohio, Miami, '01 

Carl Herrman Mason, Hamilton, Ohio, Miami, '01 

Jason Blackford, iMndlay, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, *{ui 

Cyrus Huling. Columbus, Ohio, (^lio H'esleyan, '7S 

Thomas Henry McConica, Findlay, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '81 

IvLMER I^llsworth Adel. Columbus. Ohio, (V//c> iresleyan, 'S<» 

Robert Lee Seeds, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio U'esleyan, 'SO 

Guy Potter Benton, Baldwin. Kan., i)hio IVesleyan, '8S 

Harry Lesticr Rownd. Columbus, Ohio, Ohio U'esleyan, 'SS 

Frank Laram1':r Brown, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio U'esleyan, '89 

Will Lincoln Van Sickle, Columbus, Ohio, (Viio IFesleyan, '89 

Albert Victor Ivyans, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio Uusleyan, '90 

Paul Morris Thompson, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '90 

James Marion Butler, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio U'esleyan, '92 

Bert La Forrest Mull, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio U'esleyan, '92 
Guy Emanuel Mannin(., Dayton, Ohio, 

li'ashini>ton tt- /.<r and Ohio Weshyan, '9:> 

Walter Ernest Clark, Delaware, Ohio, Ohio U'esleyan, '9<> 

Frank Barnes Cherrinc.ton. Delaware, Ohio, Ohio Wesleyan, *\¥i) 

Harold Herbert Pauley, Mason, Ohio, Ohio U^esleyan, *99 

Arthur Boyard Pyke, Tientsin, China, Ohio Wesleyan, '9i» 

Fred James Bright, Logan, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '00 

Charles Ross Cary, Millersburg, Ohio, Ohio U^esleyan, '(X) 

Wade Ernest Carson. Ripley, W. Va., Ohio U^esleyan, '00 

William Robert Bayes. Wauseon, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '01 

William Earle Brown, Bloom ingburg, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '01 

Warren Lewis Hulse, Mason, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '01 

Arthur Joseph Curren, Delaware, Ohio, Ohio IVesleyan, '01 
Charles Maxwell Earhart, Lockbourne, Ohio, Ohio Wesleyan, '01 



DEI.BKRT Bancroft Saykrs, Marits, Ohio, Ohio Wesleyan, '01 

Wave Wilbur Blackman, Wauseon, Ohio, Ohio Wesleyan, *02 

John Morton Dolbky, Delphos, Ohio, Ohio Wesleyan, '02 

Robert Legan Ewing, Areola, 111., Ohio Wesleyan, *02 

CrjiRENCE Chester Whitney, Mt. Gilead, Ohio, Ohio Wesleyan, '02 
I^uis Arthur Texny (pledged). Chagrin Falls, Ohio, 

Ohio Wesleyan, '03 
Charles Henry Welch, Athens, Ohio, Ohio, '78 

William Edgar Bundy, Cincinnati, Ohio, Ohio, '86 

Ulysses McCaughey, Fultonham, Ohio, Ohio, '95 

Frank Hp:nry Super, Athens, Ohio, Ohio, '96 

Samuel Levi McCune, Athens, Ohio, Ohio, '96 

Winfield Kenath Scott, Athens, Ohio, Ohio, '98 

Newman Hall Bennett, Jacksonville, Ohio, Ohio, '99 

Thomas Henry Sheldon, Denver, Colo., Ohio, '00 

Philip Johnson Welch, Athens, Ohio, Ohio, *00 

Dorr Clayton Casto, Jr., Parkersburg, W. Va., Ohio, '01 

George Leonard Gold, Sedalia, Mo., Ohio, '02 

Walter Rice Sheldon, Denver, Colo., Ohio, '02 

Marcus Gaston Evans, Columbus, Ohio, Wooster, '11 

Samuel Sterling Palmer, Columbus Grove, Ohio, Wooster, '87 
Joseph Fassett Hayes, Columbus, Ohio, Wooster, '89 

Frank Norman Slade, Columbus, Ohio, Buchtel, '87 

John Clarence Frank, Akron, Ohio, Buchtel, '99 

Robert Eckhardt, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '87 

William McPherson, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '87 

Aaron Westley Henry Jones, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '91 
Nathan Lee Burner, Columbus, Ohio, 

Wooster, '92, and Ohio State, '93 
John Dudley Dunham, Columbus, Ohio, 

Michigan and Ohio State, '94 
Charles Harker Farber, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '94 

LowRY Francis Sater, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '95 

Alexander Douglass Ingram, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '97 
Frank James Colgan, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '98 

Roy Si'TPHiN, Columbus, Ohio. Ohio State, '98 

Charles Howard Woods, Chillicothe, Ohio, Ohio State, '98 

RUSSEL Kenney Ramsey, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '98 

Harry James Bradshaw, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '98 

John Benjamin Ballou, Bowling Green, Ohio, 

Wooster, '97, and Ohio State, '98 
Edward Levett Smith, Holden, Mo., Ohio State, '98 

Harrison William Bock, Canton, Ohio, Ohio State, '98 

William Erdmann, Chillicothe, Ohio, Ohio State, '99 

Brown Thompson Cr.\ig, Shreve. Ohio, Ohio State, '99 

Claude Bennett DeWitt, Sandusky, Ohio, Ohio State, '99 

Frank Stuart Knox, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '99 

Claude John Reeves, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '99 

Charles Grosvenor Bond, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, *99 

Charles Fuller Dowd, Toledo, Ohio, Ohio State, '00 

Lawrence Everett Barringer, Washington, D. C, Ohio State, '00 
Thom.\s John Davis, Girard, Ohio, Ohio State, '00 

Herbert P. Senter, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '00 

Earl Creston Grant, Groomsport, Ohio, Ohio State, '01 

Warren Paul Meily, Lima, Ohio, Miami, '99, and Ohio State, '01 
John Martin Barringer, Washington, D. C, Ohio State, '01 

John Frank Miller, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, '01 


Wii^ON Roy Carothers, Sidney, Ohio, Ohio State, 

Earnest Victor Reutunger, thillicothe, Ohio, Ohio State, 

John G. Sterung, Springfield, Ohio, Ohio State, 

Wai^ter Mei,vii,i.e Dann, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State, 

Nei^on Wir^UAM MoRi^EY, Cleveland, Ohio, Case, 

Frank Erastus Hui.ett, Akron, Ohio, Case, 

Oscar Wiluam Lange, Cincinnati, Ohio, Cincinnati, 

Stuart At.dridge McGill, Cincinnati, Ohio, Cincinnati, 

Howard Schki^l, Cincinnati, Ohio, Cincinnati, 
Theodore Lincgi^n Chadbourne, Columbus, Ohio, Michigan, 
Wii^UAM Chandler Bagley, Detroit, Mich. (Cornell), Lansing, 

Burton Abram Bowditch, Hillsdale, Mich., Lansing, 

Herbert a. Hagadorn. Lansing, Mich., Lansing, 

Arthur E. Lyons, Lansing, Mich., Lansing, 

Charles Elmore Mark, Columbus, Ohio, Hillsdale, 
Clarence La Rue Goodwin, Dunlo, Pa., 

Indianapolis and Indiana^ 

Charles Emmett Compton, Elkhart, Ind., Indiana, 

Thomas Alexander Davis, Goshen, Ind., Wabash, 

Franklin McLean Gilcrest, Marysville, Ohio, Itidianapolis, 

Willis Marvin Blount, Irvington, Ind., Indianapolis, 

Hugh Goode Garber, AJadison, Ind., Hanover, 

Francis Ingersoll Stults, Huntington, Ind., De Pauxv, 

Rudolph Carl Tschentscher, Crauon, Pa., Purdue, 
Wave Miller, Bloomington, 111., Illinois Wesleyan, 

George Hilary Ashworth, Mt. Gilead, Ohio, Lombard, 

Carl Joshua Fletcher, Galesburg, 111., Lombard, 

Frank Henry Hamilton, Springfield, 111., Illinois, 

Arthur Atwell Brown, Columbus, Ohio, Westminster, 

William Henry Raymond, Lincoln, Neb., Nebraska, 

Earl Allen McCreery, Lincoln, Neb., Nebraska, 



Note. — This list is doubtless incomplete, and any Phi who can add a name will 
kindly send it to the editor of The Scroll at once. We want the semi-centen- 
nial cDnvention roll to be as complete as possible. — Ed- 



Local Committee on Arrangrementfl. 

John Edwin Brown, Emmktt Tompkins, Woodbury T. Morris. 

Convention Officers. 

President— \V. B. Palmer, P. G. C. Secretary— VJ , R. Brown, S. G. C. 
Assistant Secretary — D. N. Marble. Chaplain — Robert Morri- 
son. Wardens— V^. F. Bradshaw, Jr., J. M. Barr, W. G. 
Stephan, R. L. Hardy. 


Credentials— VJ . H. Condit, G. L. Ray, K. H. Zwick. 
Visiting Members— I. M. Foster, H. A. Boushey, T. G. Fee. 

<*The chairman of each committee is the first member named. 

THE SCROLL. 303 \ .0*' 

♦■ - t 

Rules of Order and Order of Business— V<I . B. Pai.mkr, C. F. Lamkin, ^ '^^ -'' 

E. S. Oakes. 

Finance and Audiiing^ — H. H. Ward, R. H. Switzler, C. F. Bi^air. 

Unrepresented and Delinquent Chapters — T. F. Chapwn, H. P. Whit- 
ney, C. W. McGaughby, J. H. McLean, Jr., C. F. Towne. 

Appeals and Grievances— H. N. Schi.esinger, W. T. Read, G. W. 
Whitney, J. H. Fletcher, S. M. Bayard. 

Secret Work — McC. Radcliffe, Robert Morrison, J. W. Lindi^ey, 
Telfair Hodgson, D. N. Marble. 

Chapters and Charters— T>. N. Marble, C. P. Graham, E. E. Craw- 
ford, J. M. Barr, F. S. Palmer. 

Chapter Nomenclature— T>\^iis.i, FiTTS, Jr., G. P. Conger, W. W. 

Chapter Houses — G. H. English, Jr., H. H. Keller, E. LeC. Hege- 


Chapter House Funds — F. S. Ball, G. C. Burbank, R. M. Straub. 
Internal Improvement— 'V . M. Phetteplace, E. C. Merwin, J. T. 

Alumni Clubs — J. C. Moore, Jr., W. P. Beazell, P. B. Bethel. 
Proinnces — I. F. McDonnell, F. P. Kennby, E. C. Zeller, F. V. 

Smith, P. R. McDowell. 
Scroll and Palladium — C. M. C. Buntain, F. C. Owen, Guido Gores. 
Catalogue and Other Publications — F. D. Swope, F. E. Hulktt, B. 

V. E. Dolph. 
Fratentity Jeivelry—V . S. Palmer, E. A. Ballis, I. M. Wertz. 
Special Resolutions — A. W. Fairchild, A. B. Whitney, I. F. Harris. 
Press Reports— V. S. Hackett, C. W. Chase, H. N. Rex. 
Time and Place of Next Convention—], N. Furniss, H. J. Hapgood, 

W. H. Hays. 



To the Honorable^ the National Convention of Phi Delia Theta^ Greet- 
ing : 

At this historic milestone, the fiftieth in the course of Phi Delta 
Theta, we may look backward and congratulate ourselves upon a race 
well run. It is interesting and instructive to recall the various stages 
of our career as a fraternity — the small beginning, the gradual growth, 
interrupted by the civil war when the fires upon our altars all but ex- 
pired, the slow recuperation, and then the splendid development 
which has placed Phi Delta Theta foremost among national college 
fraternities. It can be asserted, without fear of successful contradic- 
tion, that during the last three decades, from 1868 to 1898, Phi Delta 
Theta has made more substantial progress than any other college fra- 
ternity in America. In this semi-centennial year, we should not for- 
get to render honor to the founders who established Phi Delta Theta 
on such a firm and enduring basis. The principles which they adopted. 


and which all their successors have accepted as a guide of action, have 
been the inspiration for many great achievements. Fortunately 
these principles are imbedded in the Bond so deeply that they wiU 
remain unaltered as long as the fraternity shall exist. 

So numerous, extensive and important are the interests of Phi Delta 
Theta now that no one can assume the duties that appertain to a mem- 
ber of the general council without a realization of grave responsibil- 
ity. I am glad to be able to state that the general council whose 
term now closes, the first to be composed of five members, have 
worked together in harmony, and that the province presidents, ap- 
p>ointed two years a^o, have rendered efficient services to the chapters 
within their respective jurisdictions. 

The chapter at Case, chartered by th^ last national convention, 
was installed shortly thereafter. The earnest work since done by its 
members and the intense loyalty they have displayed are evidences 
that the action of the convention was not a mistake. Soon after this 
installation followed that of the chapter at the University of Chicago, 
which had been chartered by the previous administration. Though 
contending with numerous, rich and powerful rivals, its members have 
been loyal and zealous, and they deserve much credit for their efforts 
to establish Phi Delta Theta securely in this great institution. 

The general council, during this administration, have followed the 
previously approved policy of withdrawing tlie charters of chapters 
located at colleges of inferior rank. Investigation showed that the 
chapter at Illinois Wesleyan University was in a very weak condition, 
and that this was the direct result of deterioration in the institution. 
The general council, therefore, requested that the charter of Illinois 
Epsilon be returned, which was done. Similar conditions existing at 
the University of Wooster, the surrender of the charter of Ohio Delta 
was accepted, with the understanding, however, that it should be re- 
stored if the institution should improve, and a favorable opf)ortunity 
for reorganization should be presented by the time this convention 
should assemble. 

The last national convention instructed the general council to in- 
vestigate the charges of ' low standard and weakness * preferred against 
the institutions in which Michigan Beta and Michigan Gamma were lo- 
cated, and, if sustained, to take proper action. In accordance with 
these instructions, I visited both institutions a year ago and ^ave them 
a careful inspection. The charge of low standard certainly lies against 
Michigan Agricultural College, its requirements for admission and 
graduation being lower than should be allowed at any institution rec- 
ognized by Phi Delta Theta. At Hillsdale College there has been a 
great falling off in the number of students, and the chapter was weak 
because of the scarcity of good material. The charters of both chap- 
ters were withdrawn by vote of the general council and a majority of 
the chapters in the province, as required by the constitution. 

It will be noted that two charters have been withdrawn and the 
surrender of two others accepted since the last national convention. 
In each case a painful duty was involved, but it is believed that the 
interests of the fraternity demanded such action. During the past 
few weeks I have visited Ivombard University, and from the observa- 
tions then made, I am prepared to recommend the withdrawal of Phi 
Delta Theta from that institution. The attendance of male students 
is very small, and I do not believe that the desirable material is suffi- 
cient to sustain a creditable chapter. 

A number of applications for charters from Columbian University, 
Western Reserve University, Iowa Agricultural College and other 


institutions have been rejected. The applications from the Univer- 
sity of Maine and Pennsylvania State College, which were refused by 
the last national convention, were presented for indorsement to 
Alpha province convention a year ago, and by it disapproved, where- 
upon the applicants were informed that any further efforts on their 
part for a Phi Delta Theta charter would be useless. 

The only application for charter received during the last two years 
which was favorably considered came from the University of Cincin- 
nati. I visited Cincinnati last April and found that the application 
was recommended unanimously and enthusiastically by the Phis of 
that city. The institution is well equipped in all its various depart- 
ments, and it has large resources, liberal support and a high scholastic 
standard. A charter was granted by the votes of the general coun- 
cil, all the province presidents, and all active college chapters in 
Delta province. It is believed that representation in this growing 
university will add greatly to the strength of our fraternity, and 
make Cincinnati one of the strongholds of Phi Delta Theta. I was 
present at the installation of the chapter last July. A pleasant feature 
of the occasion was the return to Phi Delta Theta of Dr. Andrew C. 
Kemper, who resigned from Ohio Alpha in 1851, and in 1852 became 
one of the organizers of Delta Kappa Epsilon at Miami. His son be- 
ing a charter member of the new chapter at Cincinnati, he desired to 
be connected with the same fraternity, so he resigned from Delta 
Kappa Epsilon, and, at the unanimous invitation of Ohio Alpha, the 
general council and others, he again assumed the obligations of the 
Bond, unchanged since he was a member forty-seven years ago. 

It has been encouraging to observe the determination in all quarters 
to uphold the prestige of Phi Delta Theta. The fraternity is cer- 
tainly in better condition and its chapters stronger on the whole than 
they were two years ago or at any previous time. One unmistakable 
evidence of this is the increase in chapter-houses, the number of those 
owned and rented having grown from sixteen to twenty-six, or over 
60 per cent. Specially worthy of commendation are the chapters at 
Gettysburg, Dickinson and the University of Pennsylvania for having 
erected houses, and California Alpha for having acquired a house by 
purchase. Of the twenty -six houses occupied, counting those un- 
der construction, nine are owned and seventeen rented by chapters. 
Much, however, remains to be accomplished in this line, for tliirty- 
eight of our chapters, or about 60 per cent, of the whole number, are 
not yet domiciled in houses either owned or rented. It is believed 
that each homeless chapter can at least rent a house without feeling 
any burden, but, on the contrary, probably thus reduce living ex- 
penses. Many benefits would accrue from the closer association thus 
formed between members. But no chapter should be satisfied until 
it possesses a house which it may call its own. The ten-year-sub- 
scription-note arrangement or some other feasible plan for accumulat- 
ing a building fund should be adopted witout delay. Competition 
between fraternities is so very strong now that it behooves our chap- 
ters that have no houses to press forward in this undertaking until 
they are provided for at least as well as any of their rivals. 

At times during the last two years the general council have been 
seriously concerned as to the condition of a few chapters. Ohio 
Alpha was weak in 189()-97, but much stronger in 1897-9S, and I am 
glad to say, is very strong this year. Its members have gallantly won 
m a hard up-hill fight. In 1895-% Virginia Zeta had ten active mem- 
bers, and in 1896-97 nine, but of these only one. Brother Robert G. 
Campbell, returned in 1897-98. One member initiated by Tennessee 


Alpha for Virginia Zeta did not go to Washington and Lee as ex- 
pected. The chapter remained dormant last year, but this fall Brother 
Campbell has added five new members, and the general council have 
tendered him a special vote of thanks for his valuable services. In the 
fall of 1897 only three members of Pennsylvania Eta returned, but 
Brother J. Clark Moore, Jr., president of Alpha province, gave special 
attention to this chapter, with the result that five men were initiated 
last year. This fall eight members have returned, and the chapter now 
numbers ten. 

Several chapters, among them those at Lehigh, Washington and 
Lee, North Carolina, Tulane and Chicago, usually have too small an 
active membership. All of these are important universities, and Phi 
Delta Theta ought to be well represented in each. The ^reat trouble 
has been that each institution was crowded with fraternities, and all 
of them could not prosper. It is hoped that conditions will improve, 
and that our fraternity will become firmly fixed in each of these in- 
stitutions. At times the membership of the chapters at Columbia, 
Gettysburg, Randolph-Macon, Miami, Central, Mississippi, Texas 
and Stanford is reduced to a smaller number than seems really safe, 
considering the uncertainties about how many will not return after 
each annual commencement. 

Some chapters, perhaps from a mistaken idea of conservatism, are 
inclined to restrict their membership to a dangerously small number. 
Certainly no one sliould be initiated who does not possess good char- 
acter, good sense and a gentlemanly bearing, but it is better that a 
chapter should have too many members than so few as to make its 
condition precarious. A large chapter is generally a strong chapter, 
a small chapter is usually a weak chapter. Every chapter should con- 
stantly be on the lookout for desirable men, and should strive hard to 
get such men, not hesitating to enter the lists against any or all 

During the last two years I have traveled through many states and 
have had the good fortune to visit as many as twenty-one chapters, 
namely, those at Tulane, Mississippi, Vanderbilt, Centre, Central, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio Wesleyan, Ohio State, Case, Washington and Jefferson, 
Michigan, Lansing, Hillsdale, Indianapolis, Northwestern, Chicago, 
Illinois, Knox, Lombard, Washington and Iowa Wesleyan, and some 
of these I have visited more than once. In October, 1807, I was pres- 
ent at a joint province convention of Beta and Gamma provinces held 
at Nashville. In the same month a convention of Alpha province was 
held at Providence. These provincial conventions are a means by 
which Phis may enlarge their acquaintance, broaden their views, ac- 
quire many practical ideas relating to fraternity work and become 
more deeply imbued with the true fraternity spirit. It is extremely 
desirable that such conventions be held biennially in all provinces. 
The chapters of Iowa, Franklin, Union and Cincinnati have main- 
tained summer camps, setting a good example in this respect to other 

During recent years there have been many evidences of an increased 
alumni interest in the fraternity. Alumni members have liberally 
aided their chapters in building, buying or furnishing chapter-houses. 
They have assisted their chapters in pledging men, and in many ways 
have showed their continued strong attachment for Phi Delta Theta. 
It is my firm conviction that no fraternity can boast a more loyal and 
helpful body of alumni than Phi Delta Theta. I was present at the 
inception of the alumni chapter at New Orleans early in 1896. The 
formation of such chapters has been encouraged, and during the past 


two years charters have been granted to alumni at Detroit, New Or- 
leans, Milwaukee, Providence, Columbus and Athens, Ohio. Phi 
Delta Theta has many more alumni chapters than any other fraternity, 
but a few more are needed at such places as Syracuse, N. Y., Buffalo, 
N. Y., Lexington, Ky., Danville, Ky., Memphis. Tenn., Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., Rome, Ga., Meridian, Miss., Austin, Dallas, Galves- 
ton, and Georgetown, Tex., Evansville, Ind., Terre Haute, Ind., 
Grand Rapids, Mich., Evanston, 111., Bloomington, 111., Madison, 
Wia., Des Moines, la., Sioux City, la.. Columbia, Mo., Omaha, Neb., 
and Lincoln, Neb., where a considerable number of Phis reside. The 
reunions of alumni chapters on Alumni day and at other times do 
much to revive fraternity enthusiasm in the various localities, and 
are not only a source of enjoyment to the alumni, but result in much 
positive l)enefit to the college chapters. Since the custom of ob- 
serving Alumni day was begun, some alumni chapters have never 
been awakened from their previous lethargic condition. Special ef- 
forts should be made to arouse these chapters, so that, commencing 
next March, they will celebrate Alumni day ffgiilarly. A great im- 
petus will be given to the fraternity when forty alumni chapters in 
cities all over the union observe this annual event. 

In the work of the last two years the most important factor has 
been The Scroll. Its bi-monthly visits, supplemented with those of 
Th^ Palladium^ have brought encouragement to all chapters and goo<l 
cheer to members everywhere. Without any partiality, and without 
intending to flatter its painstaking editor, I can truthfully say that 
The Scroll stands out as the highest exponent of fraternity journal- 
ism. It leads in originality and enterprise, and all its departments 
are ably sustained, while its typographical appearance is unexception- 
able. The increase in fraternity dues by the last national conven- 
tion provides a larger apportionment of funds for publishing the mag- 
azine, and it has been materially increased in size. So long as The 
Scroll is conducted with such signal ability as at present, Phi Delta 
Theta will not lack for a bold, strong and useful champion. I am pleased 
to learn that its circulation among alumni has been considerablv en- 

The editor displayed his usual alertness and thoroughness in his 
recent compilation of Phis in the war with Spain, a list which is be- 
lieved to be larger than any other fraternity can show, certainly much 
larger than an other fraternity has shown. So far as reported, we had 
213 members in the army and navy, filling all positions from drummer- 
boy to brigadier-general. We may congratulate ourselves that Phis of 
all sections responded so readily and numerously to their country's call. 
It proves that Phi Delta Theta is a patriotic as well as a national fra- 
ternity, and we may well be proud of the valor displayed by Phis in 
the charges at El Caney and San Juan hill, and on the ramparts of 
Malate, not forgetting the heroism of those who endured the hardships 
of summer camps, and who were animated with equally high motives, 
but were denied the privilege of exhil)iting their courage on the field 
of battle. 

The office of fraternity librarian was created by the last national 
convention, and the librarian has already made a large accumula- 
tion of books and pamphlets relating to Phi Delta Theta and other 
fraternities. He is the final custodian of official documents, and 
these valuable records will not be scattered and lost as many have 
been heretofore. For a number of years I have been collecting old 
fraternity documents and letters and those of greatest historical im- 
portance have been printed in Thk Scroll. 


As Phi Delta Theta begins its second half-century, it should pro- 
vide itself with a system of laws that will be adequate for the enlarg- 
ing opportunities and increasing responsibilities of the future. A 
revised consitution and a proposed code of general laws, which have 
been in preparation for four years, will be presented to this conven- 
tion for adoption, and I trust will receive most careful attention. 

One of the proposed provisions is that the permanent office of 
catalogue editor be created, the editor to be engaged constantly in 
compiling data about members of the fraternity, against the time 
when the national convention shall order a new edition of the cata- 
logue published. It has been seven and a half years since last 
edition went to press, four and a half years since it was issued. 
Phi Delta Theta has nearly 3,000 members not included in that 
edition. The work of classifying the new names and arranging the 
data given in the annual membership reports, Scroll personals and 
annual chapter-letters should be begun without delay; and unless 
it is done soon it will be very difficult to find any one who will be 
willing to undertake the laborious task. The present constitution 
provides that a certain percentage of the income of the fraternity 
shall be used for publishing the catalogue and other fraternity books. 
In my opinion this convention should take steps looking to the publi- 
cation of a new catalogue. I have recently explained in a SCROLL 
article that in my judgment the matter in a new edition should be 
very greatly abbreviated and printed in very compact form. 

In round figures ten thousand members are now enrolled by Phi 
Delta Theta. We may rejoice in the fact that they are an earnest, up- 
right and successful body of men. We are constantly reminded that 
Phis are making rapid advancement all over the country. We find 
them prominent in all the learned professions, and occupying many 
high positions of trust. The conviction is forced upon us that the 
elevated teachings of the Bond have contributed in no small degree 
toward shaping their conduct and purposes in life, and that they have 
been made stronger, better men by reason of their connection with 
Phi Delta Theta. 

At this important stage in our history, the dictates of wisdom sug- 
gest that we should deliberate seriously as to the policy of the fra- 
ternity during the coming years. We glory in our past achievements 
and successes. We have made this a truly national fraternity. I 
honestly believe Uiat no other fraternity is so firmly established in all 
portions of the country, and that a man derives more personal benefit 
from membership in Phi Delta Theta than in any other college asso- 
ciation, because there is nothing narrow or sectional about Phi Delta 
Theta. It is organized in the foremost institutions of learning in all 
sections, and its members are among the leading citizens of all states. 
Go where you will in this broad land, you will meet with Phis whose 
acquaintance it will be desirable for you to make. 

I feel assured that Phi Delta Theta will not abandon its national 
policy. The Fraternity as a whole I believe is satisfied that its 
national reputation adds greatly to its standing in all localities. And 
yet the fact has developed that in certain quarters there has grown up 
during the last few years an opinion that we should make no further 
extension in any direction. I can not approve of this idea, and I hope 
that it will not be generally adopted. It is opposed to the policy that 
we have previously followed, and on which our success has been 
built. I am no advocate of indiscriminate extension, but I do not be- 
lieve that this country is done growing yet, and therefore I do not be- 
lieve that any iron-clad restrictions should be placed on Phi Delta 
Theta's growth. Within a comparatively recent period, we have seen 


splendid institutions of learning founded by private endowments. 
Cornell is only thirty years old, Vanderbilt only twenty-three, Stan- 
ford only seven and the new University of Chicago only six. Are we 
not to recognize such universities as these hereafter? 

But I would especially urge that Phi Delta Theta should enter and 
intrench itself strongly in the developing state universities. These in- 
stitutions are established on such sure foundations that there is no un- 
certainty as to their perpetuity. It has been our policy to organize 
chapters in universities receiving state support, and we have more 
chapters in such institutions than any other fraternity. The rapid 
rise of these institutions is shown by the following extract from an 
article published in the Atlantic Monthly for December, 1897: 

The growth of state universities, especially in the west and south, within 
recent years is one of the most noteworthy facts in the progress of higher educa- 
tion in our country. The number of students in eight representative western 
state universities— those of Michigan. Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Ne- 
braska, Ktnsas and California— in l8{^3 was 4,280; in 1895 it was 13,500. This was an 
increase of more than three hundred per cent. The increase during the same de- 
cade in the attendance at eight New England colleges and universities was 
only twenty per cent. 

Fortunately Phi Delta Theta -has chapters in each of these eight 
great state universities and in a dozen more. The thought which I 
now desire to emphasize is that other institutions as they develop, 
especially state universities, should not be neglected as fields for Phi 
Delta Theta activity. Particularly I think we should give close atten- 
tion to the universities of West Virginia, Arkansas, Colorado, South 
Dakota, Oregon and Washington, and that applications from them 
should be accepted when they have developed to the proper decree. 
Fraternities are already established in all or them except the Univer- 
sity of South Dakota. We should not be the last fraternity to enter 
them, for the earlier established chapters usually have a decided and 
long-continued prestige. 

Some who are familiar with conditions at Harvard recommend that 
a chapter be established there; others think that an alumni charter 
only should be issued, or some kind of a Harvard Phi Delta Theta 
association formed. There usually are a score or more of Phis at this 
institution, but the situation is complicated by the prominence of local 
clubs, and class societies, not so much, however, as at Yale. The 
question of organizing at Harvard should therefore be considered very 
carefully before reaching a decision. 

In laying down the trust that was committed to my care as presi- 
dent of the general council two years ago, I do so feeling that I have 
performed my duties faithfully and to the full extent of my abilities 
and opportunities. The tasks which the office involves have at times 
been weighty, but it has always afforded we great pleasure to devote 
my energies to Phi Delta Theta. I have conducted an extensive offi- 
cial correspondence on a great variety of subjects. I have been 
brought into personal relations with many Phis, active and alumni. 
whom I have met in different chapters and cities. I am always most 
happy to form the acquaintance of earnest, enthusiastic workers for 
Phi Delta Theta, and I am glad to say that I have met many such 
members during the last two years. Most sincerely thanking the 
fraternity for the distinguished and highly appreciated honor con- 
ferred up>on me in placing the responsibilities of the office of presi- 
dent of the general council upon my shoulders, I now retire to the 
private ranks, where, as opportunity may occur, I shall continue to 
labor for the dear old fraternity. 

Respectfully submitted 

Walter B. Palmer, P. G. C. 




To the Honorable, the Sat ion at Convention of Phi Delta Theta^ 
Greeting : 

The ref)ort of the president of the general council will largely cover 
the work of your oflficers since the last convention, and it only re- 
mains for me to give you certain facts and data that may be worthy of 
preservation in our archives. 

The first business of the new general council was the selection of 
the province presidents, and that a right selection was made in each 
instance, the progress of the past two years proves. J. Clark Moore, 
Jr., was re-elected president of Alpha province, as was M. H. Guer- 
rant, of Beta, and James G. Wallace, of Epsilon. Two new names 
were added : Schuyler Poitevent, as president of Gamma province, 
and H. H. Ward, of Delta. John Edwin Brown was elected to fill the 
important p>osition created by the last convention — that of fraternity 
librarian, and the fraternity is to be congratulated that he was in- 
duced to accept this p>osition, for all who know him will agree with 
me that no better man could possibly be found to fill this position. 

The usual number of applications for charters have been considered 
by your officers, including applications from students of Columbian 
University, Washington, D. C, Lebanon Valley College, Ypsilanti Col- 
lege, U. S. Grant University, Adelbert College, Iowa Agricultural and 
Baker University. These applications were denied by the general 
council, or the applicants were directed to make application to this 
convention. The only charter granted to an active chapter was given 
to the University of Cincinnati, where the character of the institution 
and the high standard of the applicants combined to warrant us in in- 
trusting to them a charter. 

Alumni charters have been granted to alumni resident in the fol- 
lowing cities. Detroit, Michigan, April 19, 1897; New Orleans, La., 
August 2, 1897; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Sept. 9, 1897; Columbus, Ohio, 
April 2;^, 1898; Providence, R. I., May 28, 1898; Athens, Ohio. Oct. 
19, 1898. The names of the charter members have, in each instance, 
been published in Thk Scroi,!.. A charter was also issued to Cali- 
fornia Beta Alumni at Los Angeles, Cal., dated May 3, 1898, to take 
the place of the one granted to them June 12, 1888. 

The charter of Ohio Delta was suspended October 2(5, 1897, and 
was given in trust to H. H. Ward, to be held by him awaiting the ac- 
tion of this convention. On account of the decline of Illinois Wes- 
levan University, our charter was recalled from Illinois Epsilon in 
March, 1897. 

Acting in accordance with instructions from the Philadelphia con- 
vention, our president visited Michigan Beta and Gamma in the fall 
of 1897 and investigated the condition of both the colleges and the 
chapters, and made a report to the general council advising the re- 
calling of both these charters. After an affirmative vote of all the 
chapters in Delta province and the unanimous vote of the general 
council, the charters of these two chapters were withdrawn by the 
general council on January 1, 1898, to take effect at the end of that 
college year. The officers and chapters voting oil the question realized 
that this action would work a haraship on the individuals composing 
the chapters, but believed that the best interests of the fraternity de- 
manded such action. 


In the summer of 1898 these chapters were notified to send their 
records, charters and archives to the fraternity librarian, and when 
this was not done a representative of the general council was sent to 
secure the same, but with indifferent success. Both chapters claimed 
to have lost their charters, but later the charter of Michigan Gamma 
was returned. By order of the general council, your secretary, some 
weeks since, notified Michigan Beta that unless their charter was re- 
turned the general council would recommend to this convention 
that all members of that chapter who were active in June, 1898, be 
expelled from the fraternity. No response has been made by them 
to this warning, and the general council makes this recommendation. 

On November, 1897, Frank C. Keen was expelled from the frater- 
nity for acts unbecoming a gentleman and a Phi. 

Dr. A. C. Kemper, a former member of Ohio Alpha, who resigned 
from the fraternity in 1851 and afterwards joined the D. K. E. fra- 
ternity was reinstated into membership in Phi Delta Thcta in June, 
1898, having resigned from Delta Kappa Epsilon. 

The governing body of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity com- 
plained to the general council that Illinois Alpha of Phi Delta Theta 
had attempted to lift their local chapter, and demanded that the 
general coimcil take steps to 'punish* Illinois Alpha. The Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon officers were notified by the secretary that the general 
council had no authority to 'punish' Illinois Alpha, but that the 
alleged attempt to lift their chapter would be investigated by this 

March 15, 1897, being the seventy-fifth birthday anniversary of our 
beloved brother Robert Morrison, a testimonial of regard from every 
college chapter and every officer of the fraternity was presented to 
him. These testimonials were handsomely bound and will be most 
highly prized by our brother so long as he shall be spared to us. 

One of the most perplexing questions which the general council 
has been called upon to decide was regarding the time and place of 
holding this convention. Sentiment seemed to compel us to select 
Christmas week as the time and Oxford, Ohio, as the place, but we 
Mrcre certain that Christmas week possessed too many attractions of its 
own to insure a successful convention at that time, and the limited 
hotel accommodations precluded us from holding it at Oxford. As a 
result the general council voted to accept the hearty invitation of 
Columbus Phis to meet here and selected Thanksgiving week as the 
most suitable time. However, the general council, not forgetting 
that sentiment is one of the ties that bind us together as brothers, de- 
cided to recommend to this convention that a semi-centennial meet- 
ing of the fraternity be held at Oxford on a day to be fixed by this 
convention in June, 1899. 

Distinguished speakers should be provided, the consent of the uni- 
versity authorities secured to put a Phi Delta Theta tablet in the 
building where our fraternity was founded, a province convention 
possibly arranged to be held at the same time and place. A banquet 
m the evening would properly bring to a close one of the most delight- 
ful days ever enjoyed by those who were fortunate enough to be pres- 
ent. We would alst^recommejid that on December 2(). 1898, the Phis 
of Oxford and vicinity be requested to plant on the Miami campus a 
tree from Robert Morrison's birthplace. 

The general council believes that the policy pursued during the 
past five years of giving the largest amount of their attention to inter- 
nal improvements but constantly keeping on the lookout for an oppor- 


tunity to enter any institution that promises much for the future, has 
been a wise one, and has resulted in keeping Phi Delta Theta in the 
forefront of college fraternities. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Wai^ter R. Brown, 
Secretary of the General Council. 



To the Honorable, the Xat tonal Convention of Phi Delta Theta ^ 
Greeting : 

This is the first administration in which the editor of The Scroll 
has been a member of the general council, but the experience of the 
last two years has shown that it is greatly to the advantage of the gen- 
eral council to have at its command constantly the frequent and de- 
tailed ref>orts of the condition of the fraternity which the editor alone 
can supply, and the editor has been able many times to present im- 
portant matters more promptly and clearly because of his being a 
member of the fraternity's executive body. The proposed constitu- 
tion provides that the reporter of the general council shall present to 
the national convention a report on details of the fraternity's condi- 
tion and progress not given in reports of other general officers. 

The last administration has devoted its energies chiefly to ques- 
tions of internal improvement, and in marked degree to the chapter 
house question. 

At the time of the Philadelphia convention seven chapters were re- 
ported to own houses : Amherst, Cornell, Lehigh, Vanderbilt, Sewa- 
nee, Lombard and Wisconsin. The Lehigh house was really owned 
by and leased from alumni of the chapter and was given up in the fall 
of 1897 for a more desirable rented house. The Lombard house was 
also practically controlled by an association of alumni and has very 
recently been sold by them to pay off incumbrances, leaving a fund in 
their hands of about J400. 

At the time of the Philadelphia convention the following chapters 
rented houses : Vermont, Williams, Syracuse, Pennsylvania, Ohio 
State, Michigan and California — seven in all. The Columbia and Ne- 
braska chapters occupied suites of rooms, in some of which members 

The Stanford chapter was temporarily homeless, but took a house 
early in 1H97. The Northwestern chapter, which had rented a house 
in former years, had none from June, 1896, till September, 1898. On 
January 1, 1897, the Hillsdale chapter took a house, giving it up at 
the end of the year, and the Allegheny chapter rented one, which it 
held for a year and gave up for a larger and better one. Ohio State 
moved from her first house into the present delightful quarters in the 
spring of 1897. In the fall of 1897, Chicago^ after much hard work and 
under discouraging circumstances, pluckily took a flat ; Case rented a 
house under circumstances demanding an equal amount of courage ; 
and dozens of old and wealthy chapters remained lazily inactive. Not 
so, however, Union, Nebraska and Georgia, who began house- 
keeping with much enthusiasm. Columbia took another suite, simi- 
lar to the one held before, and Pennsylvania moved to other quarters. 
Later in the college year. Purdue, the youngest chapter in Indiana, 
took the first Phi house in that Phi state. In the fall of 1898 Syracuse 


and Nebraska each rented a much larger and finer house, Union hav- 
ing already set the example. Pennsylvania moved again and for 
the last time before going into her new club house, which is now rap- 
idly approaching completion. Northwestern took a house once 
mere ; Indianapolis, with but foiu* non-resident members, rented a 
oozy house, and California realized the hopes of years by buying a 
handsome house. Chicago and Columbia took flats again, though 
in di£ferent places once more. Meanwhile, Gettysburg and Dickin- 
son had commenced the erection of lodges, which will be completed 
and occupied before commencement day. It is safe to say that at 
least three more chapters will be housed within as many months, 
and the indications are that two or three more may be under cover by 
commencement. The ability to take and hold a house is coming 
more and more to be a recognized criterion of a chapter's strength. 
When Hillsdale gave up her house, her charter followed within a year; 
when Lombard's house was sold, the question of the chapter's future 
was raised at once. Others should take warning. Every chapter 
should adopt the ten-year-note plan without delay, rent a house and 
thereby save money, then look about for a building lot. [Here fol- 
loMred in the report to the convention a detailed account of the chap- 
ter house situation at all Phi colleges and universities. It is omitted 
now, because the same matter, with additions and corrections, appears 
in the report of the committee on chapter houses, printed in these 
pages.] It has been the aim of the general council, both in and out 
of The Scroi,!,, to make the acquisition of Phi homes a distinctive 
feature of the semi-centennial administration, and we commend this 
policy to our successors. 

Another matter of internal improvement we have sought to impress 
on the chapters, is that of the required paraphernalia. The Palladium 
has contained contributions, illustrations, editorials and price-lists ; 
hereafter the annual reports to the H. G. C. will bring the matter up 
afresh each year. Few of the chapters are equipped as they should 
be, but there has been marked improvement. 

The historian and secretary of each chapter are urged to read care- 
fully the clauses of the new code which define their duties. Secre- 
taries have been woefully careless in the past in recording minutes of 
chapter meetings and in preserving important corresi>ondence. His- 
torians are equally neglectful of opportunities to enrich the chapter 
archives, library, album and scrap-book with documents, books, 
photographs and clippings that will be invaluable in a few years. 

The portions of the proposed constitution and code adopted by the 
Philadelphia convention were printed and sent to the chapters, as 
was the ritual there adopted. The Lehigh and Ohio State chapters, 
however, in spite of reported requests, have so far failed to return 
their copies of the old ntual, preparatory to receiving the new. 

The proposed revision of the constitution and code, as finally agreed 
upon by the enlarged committee, was printed and mailed to the 
cnapters early this fall. 

Tne reporter has called attention through The Palladiutn, following 
Bro. W. B. Palmer, to our need of revising chapter nomenclature, as 
well as to various defects in the last edition of the catalogue and in 
the annual reports of the H. G. C. Two delegates to the convention, 
Bro. McLean, of Southwestern, and Bro. Bayard, of Illinois, have never 
appeared in the list of initiates, for example. 

But two chapters appear to have violated the constitution by in- 
itiating preparatory students since 1890. One of these seems to be 
innocent, as the man reported to the H. G. C. as a 'prep.* was really a 


freshman, according to the ooOe^ annnal, The other, Geofgia 
Gamma, acknowledges that she initiated a *prep.* this fall to kem 
K A from getting him. This does not excuse her. %e was accused 
of the same offense, bj the way, at the Atlanta convention, in 1891. 
An inter-fratemitj agreement at Mercer would be a good thing. 

The reporter can heartil j endorse, in closing, the statement of the 
president of the general council, that Phi Delta Theta has never been 
more progressive than during the last two jears .the enthusiastic 
chapters at Case, Chicago and Cincinnati, the new alumni dubs, the 
added chapter houses, the new constitution and code, are but outward 
signs of a process that includes every part and phase of Phi Delta 
Tneta's organization and activity. , and that she stands bevond ques- 
tion at the head of the Greek-letter world to-dav. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Hugh Th. Miller, R. G. C. 



71? the Honorable^ the Xat tonal Convention of Phi Delta Theta ^ 

At the Philadelphia convention our financial s^^stem was improved 
by placing it in the hands of one officer. Instead of the members hav- 
ing to pay a subscription to The Scroll to be remitted to its manager, 
and dues to be remittetl to the treasurer of the general council, the 
dues were made to include the cost of The Scroll, and all moneys 
were ordered j>aid to and disbursed by the T. G. C. This simplified the 
duties of the chapter officers, relieved the members of much confu- 
sion, and made a bonded officer responsible for all of our finances. The 
catalogue tax was abolished. A new schedule was adopted for the 
distribution or appropriation of the funds, by which 'M) per cent, was 
placed to the credit of the convention fund, '61 Vz l>er cent, to that of 
the magazine fund, 10 per cent, to that of the book fund and 22^2 per 
cent, to that of the general fund. 

My last report showed a balance on hand of J4,063.18. Out of this 
had to be paid the expenses of the Philadelphia convention and 
several sums appropriated by that convention. Before making a 
distribution of that balance, I deemed it best to pay all indebted- 
ness and the appropriations to that time, except the disputed 
amount owing on the catalogue, which would have consumed the 
entire balance after making such payments. After the [>ayment of all 
these things, I distributed to the various new funds the sum of J757.33. 
Since that time all receipts and disbursements have been entered to 
the proper fund, except the amount paid out in final settlement of the 
catalogue indebtedness, which has been charged to a separate account, 
to which has also been given credit for all sales of catalogues. 

The following is a condensed statement of the receipts and disburse- 
ments since the last convention, down to and including November 22, 
1898, and a supplemental report will be made to the general council 
after the adjournment of this convention : 



Fred S. Ball, T. G. C, in account with Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. 


November 26. To balance on hand f4,063 18 


November 22. To collections from dues 8,319 70 

22. To catalogue sales 46 15 

22. To incidental receipts 56 37 


November 22. By disbursements as per vouch- 
ers |8,3a5 72 

22. By cash on hand 4,179 68 

$12,4a5 40 112,485 40 


November 26. By balance on hand 4,677 32 


November 22. To Philadelphia convention 2,499 34 

22. To balance redistributed 2,177 98 


$4,677 32 |4,677 32 


November 26. To overdraft 156 86 


November 22. To sundries 829 12 

22. By overdraft in redistribution. . . 985 98 


$985 98 i;985 98 


November 26. By balance on hand 61 7 64 


Navember 22. To redistribution 617 64 


November 26. To overdraft 1 ,074 92 


November 22. To sundries 30 89 

22. By overdraft in redistribution . . ]ja5 31 

$1,105 31 $1,105 31 


Convention fund, old 2, 177 98 

Expense fund, old 985 98 

Extension fund, old 61 7 64 

Catalogue fund, old 1,105 31 

New Hampshire Alpha, not included in above. 40 00 

Ohio Beta, not included in above J 2 00 

Convention fund, new 227 20 

Magazine fund, new 284 00 

Book fund, new 75 73 

General fund, new 1 70 40 

$2,848 62 $2,848 62 


November 26. By redistribution 227 20 



November 22. By 30 per cent, dues 2,485 30 

22. To sundries 151 46 

22. To balance on hand 2,561 04 

$2,712 50 J2.712 50 


November 26. By redistribution 284 00 


November 22. By 37/»^ per cent, of dues 3,106 54,»2 

22. By sundries 25 60 

22. To vScROLL printing, etc 2,758 03 

22. To balance <)57 51 >i 

1 1 
1 1 

$3,416 14«2^ $3,416 14.4' 

189<). BOOK FUND. 

November 2(». By 75 73 


November 22. By 10 per cent, of dues 828 42 

22. To sundries 42 74 

22. To balance 861 41 

$904 15 $904 15 


November 26. Bv 170 40 


November 22. By 22 \2 per cent, of dues 1,866 43 »,' 

22. Tosundries 1,023 15 

22. To balance 1,013 dt^li 

( < 

$2,036 83 M $2,0:i6 83 «i 


November 22. By sales 46 15 

22. By sundries 1 1 77 

22. To sundries 971 89 

22. By overdraft 913 97 

$971 89 $971 89 


Convention fund $2,561 04 

Magazine fund 657 51 *2 

Book fund 861 41 

General fund 1,013 68 \z 

Catalogue fund $913 97 

Cash on hand 4,179 68 

$5,093 65 $5,093 65 

Out of that balance of $4,179.68 will have to be paid the cost of this 
convention and accounts due to Spahr & Glenn and C. E. Hollenbeck, 
amounting to about $1,584.10. 
There is still due to the fraternity the following amounts: 
Pennsylvania Alpha— on 1894-5, $28; on 1895-6, $26; on Febru- 
ary 1, 1898, $17 ; on Scroll from 1892 to 1896, $51 ; a total of $122. 
Pennsylvania Gamma — on 1895-6, $34 ; on SCROLL, $23 ; total, $77. 
Pennsylvania Eta- on 1894-5, $22. North Carolina Beta— on 1896-«, 
$21. Kentucky Alpha— on 1896-8, $(>3.30. Kentucky Delta— on 1896-8, 


$72. Georgia Alpha— on 1896-8, |82. Louisiana Alpha— on 1895-6, |21. 
Ohio Zeta— on 1896-8, |88. Illinois Epsilon— on 1895-6, $16. 

This is a total of $584.30. A large part of this has been reported 
to former conventions, and it ought to be charged off the books in ac- 
cordance with reports of proper committees. 

\, I There is also about $(»00 due from various chapters for dues of No- 
vember 1 , 1 898, which are not herein named as delinquents on account 
of the action of this convention in reference thereto. 

I recommend that the T. G. C. be authorized and directed to charge 
off the books the unpaid dues of all kinds standing against defunct 

J* The fraternity will note with considerable pride that the last vestige 
of the indebtedness of the catalogue has been wiped out, and that we 
have now on hands over 1,000 bound copies of the publication for sale 
or distribution. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Fred S. Bali., T. G. C. 

[Supplemental Report. 

Montgomery, Ala., Jan. 1, 1899. 
To th*' Jlonorfihfr, the (ivtwrnl Ctmncil of Phi Delta Thcta: 

In accordance with the intimation in ray report to the Columbus convention, I 
submit to you the following supplemental report: 

Since that report was made I have collected a total of $379, making the balance 
on hand $4,558.08. I have paid out all of the expenses of that convention and all the 
appropriations made by it. together with all indebtedness of the fraternity of 
which I have any knowledge, amounting in all to S^, 4.53.11, and have on hand a 
balance of $1,105.57, which has been duly paid over to my successor, Bro. H. H. 
Ward. Respectfully submitted, 

Fred S. Ball, T. G. C] 



To the Honorable^ the National Convention of Phi Delta Theta^ 
Greeting : 

The statistical reports of the historian of the general council, for 
the past two years, have been published annually in the June Scroll ; 
consequently the present report will contain but very few statistics, 
the major portion of it partaking of the nature of suggestions — the 
work of the historian naturally leading him to form conclusions as to 
the causes of the results he records. From the answers of the chap- 
ter reporters to my circular letter of November 3, I am able to give 
the exact membership of the fraternity to date. 

The total membership now is 9,954; including pledged men to be 
initiated during the present college year, it is 10,088. The attendant 
membership is 969. There have been 894 initiated since last February. 
The average number of initiates per chapter is 6.1 and the average at- 
tendance per chapter is 15. 

The number of badges is about the same as in my last report — three- 
fifths of the members having them. 

We should have had over 10,000 actual members. Many of the 
chapters have initiated but one or two men since last February. It is 
true, the present college year is only two months old, but that is suf- 
ficient time for chapters composed of energetic men to have secured 
their full quota of initiates. Many of our chapters run entirely too 


low in membership. Even in the smaller colleges, where the students 
number not over 200, the chapter should have a membership of at 
least 12 or 14, whereas many of them are as low as 8 or 9 — a member- 
ship too low to give the chapter any standing in the college and a 
matter of positive detriment to the fraternity at large. This fact is an 
argument which is effectively used against us in the larger colleges 
and universities. Another argument in favor of larger chapters is 
furnished by our statistics, which show that about twenty per cent, 
of the active membership retire before- graduating, which has re- 
sulted disastrously to many a small chapter; It therefore behooves 
every chapter to consider this loss in addition to that sustained 
by graduation. There are a number of chapters which are running 
dangerously low in membership. The list comprises Gettysburg, Le- 
high, Washington and Lee (which, by tlie way, is improving), North 
Carolina, Tulane, Centre, Central, Hanover and Lombard. These 
chapters should do more effective work, and if the institutions will 
not warrant a larger membership, then the question arises as to the 
policy of continuing these chapters. I am certain, though, that in 
a majority of the cases the chapters, and not the college, is at fault. 
This condition frequently results from a false, though well-meant 
conservatism. While conservatism should be exercised, it should be 
the conservatism of progress, not of exclusiveness. The conservative 
chapter is the one that takes in all the good men it can get. the 
large chapter, the chapter that is representative of the various phases 
of college life. Such a chapter will succeed, be a benefit to its mem- 
bers, a power for good in the college, and an ornament to the fra- 

I would urge chapters against becoming one-sided. A chapter 
whose members are all musical men, or athletes, will become very 
narrow, and not attain to its highest development. A typical chapter 
is representative of college life in all its aspects; the scholar, the 
athlete, the musician, the society man, the ' hale fellow well-met * (in 
the good sense), should all be there to form a well-rounded, well- 
working, enthusiastic and successful chapter. 

The question of active, successful, rushing should receive more at- 
tention, especially from our smaller chapters. All the active members 
should take part in this work ; and not leave the brunt of it fall upon 
a few men, as is frequently done. With the well-limed, united co- 
operation of all the members of the chapter few of the ' goats * can 
escape. Membership in the fraternity imposes certain obligations, 
one of which is work. 

The strong fraternity man is the man who works for his fraternity ; 
the strong chapter is the chapter made up of workers. They work to- 

f ether as a well-trained foot ball eleven, and when they rush down the 
eld, they always score. Oi Bdpfiapoi seldom escape the charges of 
such a Greek phalanx. I am fully convinced that by work of this 
character every weak chapter can become strong and stay strong. I 
would also urge chapters not to neglect the good material which may 
be found in the upper classes. It often happens that splendid fellows 
are developed during their first year or two at college. Do not hesi- 
tate to rush such men. The fact that they have so far been neglected 
by the fraternities is no reflection upon them, but rather upon your 
judgment and want of activity. You want all the good men you can 
get ; you want them from every class from which thev are obtainable ; 
there is no such thing as a chapter being too big ; if it has fifty men, 
and there are yet ten good men it can obtain, that chapter is entirely 
too small. 


I can not too strongly ur^e upon the undergraduates the necessity 
of keeping in close touch with their alumni. They should not allow 
home-rule jealousy in conducting their chapter to interfere with the 
snggestions and advice of alumni members. The alumni members, 
it should be remembered, are equally interested with the active mem- 
bers in the welfare of the chapter. They have had wider experience 
in the management of chapter affairs, their experience in the world 
renders their judgment of more weight than when they were in col- 
lege. I would suggest that every chapter send a circular letter to its 
alumni members before the close of the college year, asking for the 
nmmes of prospective students who would make desirable members. 
When the alimini reply, answer their letters promptly, even if their 
suggestions are not acceptable. It will hold tfieir interest, and cour- 
tesy demands it. 

The last edition of the report blanks is exhausted. I would there- 
fore recommend that the convention authorize a new edition, with 
such changes as the general council may deem necessary. I would 
also recommend that the convention authorize the printing of mem- 
bership record books for distribution to the chapters. The Atlanta 
convention passed a similar order, but owing to lack of funds, it was 
not executed. It is essential that chapters have a record book, in 
which to preserve histories of their members and other items of interest 
to the chapters and the fraternity. I desire to call attention to the 
fine imposed upon the chapters by the new constitution for failure to 
return their annual reports before February 10. The section reads 
'Any chapter delinquent with its annual membership report on the 
tenth day of February shall be fined five dollars, and for each week 
thereafter the fine shall be five dollars additional, until the report is 
received by the historian of the general council. Such fine shall be 
levied by the treasurer of the general council, on notice from the 
historian of the general council of the length of time the chapter 
is delinquent. If the fine be not paid within thirty days from the 
date of the levy, the general council shall have power to suspend the 
charter of said chapter until the fine is paid.' This action was ren- 
dered necessary by the conduct of some of the chapter historians, who 
were delinquent with their reports for two or three months, even af- 
ter the most persistent dunning. The whole chapter is now held re- 
sponsible. Every member has as much interest as the historian him- 
self, and this financial interest will result in the election of careful, 
methodical men for historians. The new constitution imposes upon 
the historian of the general council the special charge of the alumni 
chapters, which, though a pleasant duty, will be by no means a 
sinecure, as they now number thirty-eight, a larger list than that of 
any other fraternity, and a gain of seven since our last convention. 
They extend from Boston to San Francisco, from Minneapolis to New 
Orleans, a truly national distribution. And so it should be, for to the 
alumnus the benefits to be derived from membership in an alumni 
chapter are far from inconsiderable. It affords him associates of his 
own class, not only socially, but intellectually. And the alumnus 
today is as important a factor in the growth and development of 
the fraternity as are undergraduates, and the alumni association 
as necessary an organization as is the chapter. A contributor to the 
Phi Kappa Psi Shield writes as follows: 'The alumni association is a 
fixed organization of the college fraternity system. Its future develop- 
ment in each fraternity, and its consequent value must be determined 
by the amount of support afforded it by the undergraduates in enlarg- 
ing the sources of its membership. Those fraternities that have 

320 THli SCROLL. 

adopted a broad policy are already reaping their reward. For the 
freshman is now influenced in his choice of a fraternity, not excln- 
sively by the standing of the active chapter, nor by the list of chap- 
ters, but largely by the strength of the alumni associations. * There- 
fore let us all see that the alumni chapters now chartered be main- 
tained and fostered by our united enorts; and that new ones be 
organized as occasion presents, until we shall have an alumni chap- 
ter in every city of importance in the United States. 

\n important step towards {>erpetuating the alumni association has 
been taken by the alumni chapter of my own city, by having it 
chartered under the corporate title of the Phi Delta Theta club of 
Philadelphia, with all the rights and privileges of a social club, save 
the sideboard. New York, strange to say, has followed the example 
of Philadelphia and has had its association chartered as the Phi Delta 
Theta club of New York. Providence and Boston are considering the 
same question. I favor the club idea, not on account of its being a 
club, but because it affords more advantages to the members and conse- 
quently increases their interest, makes the association more perma- 
nent, increases the social standing of the fraternity, and will be of 
^eater advantage to the undergraduates in spiking new men. I think 
It is capable of great development; and I hope that our new general 
council will give it their consideration. 

I would urge upon the alumni and undergraduates a more uni- 
versal obser\'ation of Alumni day. It stimulates our interest in the 
fraternity, brings us in closest touch with each other and warms our 
hearts toward the 'Grand Old Man' whose mind conceived our Bond 
and whose labor brought forth Phi Delta Theta, God bless him! 

While I have called attention to a number of defects, most of which 
can be easily remedied, there are many things which should receive 
our heartiest praise. The fraternity is to be congratulated upon its 
internal strength, its large membership, and its extensive list of active 
and alumni chapters. It has never been in better condition. It 
rounds out its first half century and begins the second under the 
most favorable circumstances, and with the most auspicious prospects. 

And so. Brothers in the Bond, with this substantial present and a 
bright future beckoning to us, let us redouble our energies in behalf 
of Phi Delta Theta, until she shall shine the most brilliant star in the 
galaxy of fraternities ! 

Respectfully submitted, 

McCluney Radcuffe, 
Historian of the General Council. 



To th£ Honorable, the National Convention of Phi Delta Theta^ 
Greeting : 

Since the Philadelphia convention there have been published of 
The Scroi^l ten regular and two special numbers, the latter being the 
journal of proceedings of the Philadelphia convention (supplement to 
the issue for February, 1897) and Bro. Walter B. Palmer's ' Manual of 
Phi Delta Theta, Second Edition ' {supplement to the issue for Octo- 
ber, 1897). These twelve numbers have contained 1,442 pages, exclu- 
sive of the directory and advertisements, which have covered 70 
pages in addition, or 1,512 in all. The average number of pages per 

THE SCROLL, ,:^2i 

issue has thus been 132, not including the two supplements, or 144 
with them, excluding directory and advertisements. 
• Volume XXII contained 67t5 pages and was furnished to subscribers 
for one dollar. The Beta Theta Pi, which issues more numbers to the 
volume (eight) than any other fraternity magazine, had 551 pages 
during the same period and asked subscribers two dollars therefor. 
Few, if any, of the other magazines print over, or as much as, 500 pages 
per volume. Most of them issue quarterly, and but few have a sub- 
seription rate as low as one dollar a year. All such are quarterlies. 
The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi appears seven times a year and costs 
subscribers $1.50; the Kappa A]pha /oi/rf /a/ and the Caducrits of 
Kappa Sigma print five numbers to the volume and charge $1.50. All 
others save the Heta Theta Pi are qu.^rterlies, the S X Quarterly cost- 
ing flM per aunum, and the othtfrs $1.50 and 11.00. The A K E 
Qiutrlerly appears three times a year. 

It will not be possible for Thk Scroij,, however, to print so many 
pages to the volume during the next two years, as the change in dues 
assessed for its benefit brought about a special increase of from $1,500 
to $2,000 just after the Philadelphia convention. 

Messrs. Spahr and Glenn, of Columbus, Ohio, who had printed Thk 
Scroll since the convention of hSHi), and who still print the Pal- 
iadiutn and our rituals, constitutions, etc., introduced the editor to 
the technical mysteries of his new work in such a way as to cause no 
apparent break in the course of Thk Scroll's even prosperity and 
success. Their remoteness from Irvington, however, made it desira- 
ble to select a printer closer at hand, and since October, 18*.>7, our 
printers have been Carlon & Hollenbeck, now C. E. Hollenbeck, of 
Indianapolis. Mr. Hollenbeck has an almost national reputation as 
an artistic and scientific printer, and the typographical appearance of 
The Scroll leaves nothing to be desired, as a consequence. 

As the business affairs of Thk Scroll are now wholly in the hands 
of the T. G. C, I shall not insert any financial statement, referring 
you to the proper section of his report. 

Many of our exchanges lament the fact that it is so hard to secure 
contributed articles and notes. Thk Scroll has been unusually fortu- 
nate in this respect, having a whole host of contributors in our worthy 
P. G. C. alone, and receiving articles and items of interest from a 
larger number of the active members and alumni than seem to con- 
tribute to any other fraternity magazine. 

The semi-centennial volumes have very appropriately given prom- 
inence to historical matters. Bro. Palmer's 'Old P'raternity Records' 
have appeared in all the issues for IS<)S save June. An account of 
'Old Illinois Beta,' also by Bro. Palmer, was printed in the April, 18i)7, 
issue. The article by Robert Morrison on 'The Badge' and that by 
W. B. Palmer on 'Phi Delta Theta Music' were of much value. Frank 
D. Swope's 'Reminiscences of Catalogue Making' will run through 
two or three successive numbers, and will be widely quoted. Besides 
these there have been many biographies of prominent fraternity work- 
ers: Robert Morrison, A. W. Rogers. J. \V. Lindley, A. W. Rodgers 
(completing the series of lives of our founders , W. B. Palmer, J. E. 
Brown, C. O. Perry, W. O. Bates, D. D. Banta and others. Of perma- 
nent historical value, also, are the annual lists of initiates and statis- 
tical reports of the H. G. C, published each June. 

The Scroll has not followed the narrow policy of some of its con- 
temporaries, who print only what concerns and interests their sole 
selves. In proof of this we may cite a number of contributed articles 
which have been quite generally copied entire: 'Constitutional Re- 


vision bj the Miami Triad.' 'Chapter Houses iu the South/ 'A Prac- 
tical Fraternity Catalogue* reproduced and endorsed by almost every 
fraternity magazine published . 'Increase iu Fraternity Membership* 
and 'Fraternity Badges and Other Emblems.' Most of these, it may 
be remarked in passing, came from Uie pen o€ Walter B. Palmer. Thb 
Scroll's review of Baird's "American Collq^ Fraternities,' also by 
Bro. Palmer, was by far the most exhaustive and discriminating one 
published anywhere. Of the excellent historical and descriptive 
articles on Case. Chicago. Virginia. Vanderbilt, Texas. Dickinson, 
Cincinnati and Nebraska, several were generally commented upon and 
quoted; the articles on Texas and Virginia were in some cases repro- 
duced entire bv our exchanges. Bro. Palmer's comments on the Kappa 
Alpha lift from Theta Delta Chi at Williams and the DelU Tau DelU- 
Rainbow consolidation were of general interest, and the editorials on 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon's charge of lifting against our Northwestern 
chapter roused much comment. Several magazines seem to rely on 
The Scroll almost entirely for fraternity news. 

Of special interest to Phis have been the portraits and biographies 
of Dr. See, William Allen White, Colonel Funston, General Boynton 
and Captains Outland and Whiting, not to mention a number of 
others. The Scroll has so far been far ahead of its contemporaries 
in its roster of Phis in army and navy, 213 having been reported to 

In the issue for December, 1897. letters from all of our «>o col- 
lege chaptei"s were published— a larger number than ever before ap- 
peared in one issue of any fraternity magazine. Many letters from 
alumni clubs have also been printed. In December, 181»7, thirty-seven 
college annuals were reviewed, and in December, 1898, thirty-four — 
much larger numbers than had ever before been noticed in any fra- 
ternity magazine. 

The same general lines laid down by Dr. Brown have been followed 
out, and whatever excellence and success The Scroll may have at- 
tained in the past two years must be largely ascribed to his work and 
to the faithful aid so liberally rendered by the members of the general 
council, the province presidents, Bros. Swope, Marble, Case, Couse, 
Hallman, Morgan, Mitchell, Bohn, Switzler, Tebault, Buntain, D. 
Glenn Moore and many others whom limited space and time do not 
allow me to name. The reporters of the college and alumni chapters 
have enabled The Scroll to score many a 'scoop' on her contempo- 
raries, and their letters have been unusually regular and interesting. 

The editor has made a fairly large number of 'breaks,' for all of 
which he has endeavored in one way or another to atone. The most 
inexcusable of all was his printing the name of the lyombard chapter 
along with that of Illinois Wesleyan among those whose charters had 
been withdrawn. He wishes once more to apologize to Illinois Zeta 
for this. 

The PaliadiufH is now paged consecutively instead of beginning 
afresh with each number, which will greatly facilitate index-making. 
Its average size per issue is now IG pages, and the September number 
has become a fixture, making five issues instead of four each year. In 
its pages the matter of dues and the chapter house question have been 
emphasized. All phases of internal improvement have been dealt 
with, and Bro. W. B. Palmer has contributed valuable articles on that 
whole subject, emphasizing the observance of the ritual and the pur- 
chase of paraphernalia. He has also edited for publication the origi- 
nal minutes of Ohio Alpha, which are of priceless historical value to 
Phi Delta Theta and will be thus permanently preserved. 


The editor is under many obligations to those he has already men- 
tioned and to many others for invaluable assistance. He wishes the 
convention to understand that if he has seemed to praise The Scroti. 
enthusiastically, he intends this praise to apply directly to his prede- 
cessor and to his many faithful correspondents and contributors. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Hugh Th. Millbr, 

Editor of The Scroll. 



To the Honorable^ the National Couvenlion of Phi Delta Theta^ 
Greeting : 

Phi Delta Theta, having reached the mature age of fifty, deserves to 
have its history written, in order that its members may have a thor- 
ough knowledge of its splendid progress and achievements. A num- 
ber of years ago, my offer to prepare such a history received official 
endorsement, and I wrote about one thousand pages of manuscript, 
giving a connected account of the fraternity from 1848 to 1884. That 
portion relating to the first twenty years has been reviewed by our 
venerable founder, Brother Robert Morrison, who, more than anyone 
else, is qualified to correct any errors and add interesting details to the 
history of that period. 

Since the last national convention, I have made some important 
additions to my extensive collection of historical materials. This col- 
lection includes a file of all Phi Delta Theta publications, and many 
hundreds of documents, some dating back to 1848. The original 
minutes of Ohio Alpha have been copied by myself, annotated by 
Brother Morrison and myself, and printed in the last volume of The 
Palladium, so that, in case the original should be destroyed by acci- 
dent, this invaluable record would be preserved. By letters and circu- 
lars I have accumulated during the last two years many old fraternity 
letters which throw light on the careers of various chapters. To the 
early members of all chapters I have sent circulars asking for reminis- 
cences, and some very interesting replies have been received. Many 
resurrected old letters and documents have been printed in The 
Scroll, and others are yet to appear. The second edition of * A 
Manual of Phi Delta Theta,' prepared by myself, was issued as a sup- 
plement to The Scroll for October, 181)7. It is a pamphlet of forty- 
eight pages and contains an historical sketch of the fraternity. This 
sketch was abbreviated by me to form the Phi Delta Theta article in 
the recent edition of Baird's 'American College Fraternities.' To 
The Scroll and The Palladium I have contributed since the Phila- 
delphia convention 164 paees of historical matter, besides 218 pages 
of other matter on general fraternity subjects, a total of 382 pages. 

I have made a careful examination of the archives of most of our 
oldest chapters, namely those at Miami, Indiana, Wabash. Hanover, 
Centre, Wisconsin, Cornell, Lafayette and Wooster. In order to com- 
plete the history oit the fraternity, I should be supplied with a sketch 
of each chapter. I have made many efforts to get sketches, but the 
following are yet delinquent : Colby. Dartmouth. Brown, Lafayette, 
Dickinson. University of Pennsylvania, Lehigh, Virginia, Randolph- 
Macon, Washington and Lee, Mercer, Wabash, Franklin, Purdue, 
Knox, Illinois, Missouri, Westminster, Washington and Iowa. 


To these chapters I make an earnest appeal, and request that the 
historian of each chapter or a specially appointed committee shall 
furnish me with a sketch as soon as possible — at least during this col- 
legiate year. Each sketch should contain : 

1. A full account of the efforts made to secure a charter and of the 
establishment of the chapter, including date of charter, names and 
classes of charter members, and the body by which said charter was 
granted. If the chapter has been suspended and been re-established, 
all the facts connected with the reorganization should be given. Men- 
tion other fraternities organized in the same institution previous to 
Phi Delta Theta, with dates. 

2. A record of the chapter since its establishment, embracing a suc- 
cinct account of its vicissitudes, and of its peculiar customs and 
policy. Steps taken toward procuring a chapter house should be men- 
tioned and a description of the house given. 

3. All additional matter that would probably be of interest or throw 
side-lights on the history of the fraternity. 

When the historian has exhausted his chapter's archives, college 
records, etc., he should endeavor to obtain lacking information by 
correspondence with alumni members. The proposed code requires 
the historian of every chapter to write a history of it for the year 
that he holds office, the same to be transcribed in a durable book. 
This is a very important requirement. It is to be hoped that in every 
chapter where this has not been done, an account oi the chapter up 
to the present time will be prepared without further delay, and that 
hereafter such an account for each collegiate year will be written 
according to the prescribed form. 

I hope to be able to complete the history of the fraternity during 
the next two years, and, being relieved from other fraternity work, I 
think I can accomplish the task, though it will involve many days of 
diligent research and close application. It remains for the national 
convention to provide the means for publication. It has been sug- 
gested that the history be printed in installments in Thk Scroll, so 
that the pages containing the historical narrative could be separated 
fiom the remainder of the magazine and bound together, making a 
book. This plan has both advantages and disadvantages, but on the 
whole seems feasible. Phi Delta Theta certainly is in need of a his- 
tory. Other fraternities are making efforts in this direction, and at 
least two have already published books in the nature of histories, 
though by no means complete. My heart is set upon the completion 
of the historical work on which I have been long engaged, and I in- 
tend to do all that lies within my power to bring about, as soon as 
possible, this consummation so devoutly wished. 

Respectfully submitted. 

Walter B. Palmer, 

Editor of the History. 



[This will be found in Thk Scroll for April, 181)8, on pages 367 



To Ihe ffoiwraMi; the Naltotial Conveiilioii of Phi Delta Tlie/a, 

Greeting : 

In submitting my report of the condition of Alpha province, I am 
glad to be able to state that the province as a whole is in excellent 
conditton, and that the improvement since the convention of 18% has 
been of a most encouraging nature. 

Counting pledged men, the membership of the province amounts to 
369. as against a^ I in ISOti. 

A convention of tlie province was held at Providence, Rhode 
Island, in October, lSt)7, and was attended by fifty members of the 
fraternity. The applications for charters from the University of 
Uaine and Pennsylvania Slate College were carefnlly considered and 
resolutions were passed advising the general council to refuse both 

The next convention of the province will be held at Syracuse, New 
York, in 189it. An alumni chapter has been chartered at Providence, 
Rhode Island, and two Phi Delta Theta clubs, one in Philadelphia 
and one in New York, have been organized and regularly incorporated. 

The Philadelphia dub bas purchased a lot opposite the main en- 
trance to the University of Pennsylvania and is at present engaged in 
building a club house which will be one of the 6nest in the country. 

The chapter at Gettysburg is now building a lodge on the college 
campus, which will be ready for occupancy about January i, 189',!, 
and the Dickinson Chapter will also soon be provided with a fine 

The following table gives the present numerical strength of each 
Chapter in Alpha province : 






i 's^ 

Maine Alpha. 

V»rinont Alpha... 

Ma«achu4i;ll!> Alpha . . .. 

Hhodr Island Alpha^ 

N™ York Alpha 

.Vi,v IwJc Bcla. 

::::: \ 








He* Vork Eplilon. 

FfansylvaniB Alpha.. 
Pcaa<;lYaDU Beia... 
P*ansyl™niB Gam mi 
PtnnaylvanU ItfliB 
Pj™yl«u|a Ep«lo' 


Since the Philadelphia convention I have had the pleasore of visit- 
ing the chapters at Colby. Dartmouth, Brown, Gettysburg. Dickinson, 
University of Pennsylvania and Lehigh. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. Clark Moorb, Jr.. 
President of Alpha Province. 

EXHmrr hl 


To the Honorable, the National Convent ion of Phi Delta Theta^ Greet- 

The undersigned, your president of Beta province, respectfully sub- 
mits the following report for the term of two years from November, 
18^i to November, \%\^^. He regrets that he is unable to be present 
in person at the national convention, but circumstances prevent. 

This province was enlarged by the last convention to include the 
state of Tennessee, thus giving eight chapters to the care of the presi- 
dent. The province as a whole has moved along smoothly and suc- 
cessfully for the past two years and is, with probably one exception, 
in fine condition to make a great campaign at the coming term. 

Tennessee Alpha at Vanderbilt started in with fewer men than 
usual this year, and her numerical strength is hardly up to her cus- 
tomary number. The total strength of the chapter is IH men, one 
pledged man and some :{ or 4 affiliates. In finances she has fallen 
somewhat behind in the past year but promises to be square with the 
T. G. C. by convention time. 

Tennessee Beta is in a flourishing condition, having 11 old men to 
return and 4 initiates this past summer. The dues will all be paid 
before the convention meets. Last year's total of men in the chapter 
was 28, as given in the annual. 

North Carolina Beta, I am ^lad to say, is in good condition, having 
8 men, and will probably initiate 2 more at the beginning of next 
term. In finances she is a little behind but has fitt^ up large and 
handsome apartments. 

Virginia Beta has 14 very strong men and has taken a very promi- 
nent place in college affairs, especially athletics. She is outgrowing 
her old habit of failing to send a delegate to convention and neglect- 
ing dues, and gives promise of being one of Beta's very best chapters 
in promptness. 

Virginia Zeta, I am glad to say, is convalescent. Bro. Campbell has 
initiated 4 men, and this band of 5 will be a good foundation for next 
year's campaign. Washington and Lee has had diminished attend- 
ance and a small quantity of fraternity material in the past two years 
and Bro. Campbell's task has not been an easy one, especially since 
W. and L. is overstocked with fraternities. He deserves great credit 
and I hope that Virginia Zeta will rapidly fortify and strengthen her- 
self and relieve the fraternity at large of so much apprehension as to 
her vitality. 

Virginia Gamma has not condescended to communicate with the 
province president for the past two years. She was not represented 
at Philadelphia, and I don't know whether or not she will be repre- 
sented at Columbus. As to finances or condition I know nothing, 
though I have some hears?iy evidence that she is doing little. I think 
Phi Delta Theta would make no mistake in withdrawing from Ran- 
dolph Macon. 


Kentucky Alpha has 11 good men and as usual has little difficulty 
in getting what she wants. The chapter reporter might be more 
prompt and regular. 

Kentucky Delta is small this year, having only 7 men, but the 
quality is of the standard gauge. The chapter lacks that cohesion in 
some matters that marked its former career. The reporter is irregu- 
lar and the chapter treasurer has not kept the boys squared up as is 
80 necessary. I am afraid the athletics and social duties of the chap- 
ter have somewhat interfered with its fraternity duties. Somewhat 
behind in dues and losing two ^spikes' is not in accordance with Ken- 
tucky Delta's past record, and she must not let it occur again. 

My chapters are in condition to do a good work and I hope my suc- 
cessor will have more time to give to them and visit them oftener 
than I have done. 

I attribute the small ness of the chapters to the diminution in the 
attendance at the several institutions and the scarcity of suitable 
material. The dues, I believe, will be paid more promptly, as soon 
as the new constitution with its provisions as to payment of dues is 
adopted and complied with and as the several chapters select men as 
reporters and treasurers who will give the matter prompt attention. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Marshali, H. Gukrrant, 

President of Beta Province. 



To the Honorable^ the Xafional Coiivailion of Phi Delta Theta^ 

I take pleasure in submitting to your honorable body my report on 
the welfare of Gamma province as follows: 

The yellow-fever epidemics and quarantines of 181)7 and of 1898 
have materially interfered with the progress of both lK)uisiana Alpha 
and Mississippi Alpha, and last spring Georgia Beta became involved 
in a very deplorable tangle. But otherwise everything with every 
other chapter seems to be in excellent condition, and from every- 
where come reports of honors that Phis have won. The joint conven- 
tion of the two provinces. Beta and Gamma, held in Nashville, Tenn., 
during October, 1897, was a signal and enthusiastic success, and 
Gamma province greatly appreciates all that was done by Tennessee 

In Texas our two chapters have taken a turn for the better, espec- 
ially Texas Gamma, which braced up wonderfully last fall and which 
is now prospering. 

Because of quarantines this fall, Tulane did not open until a few 
days ago. The chapter there is weak. Apparently there is no leader. 
At the time of this writing, some of its members fearing the fever 
have not returned to the city. However, they will number about 
twelve this session, of which number four will be initiates. 

lyikewise the opening of the University of Mississippi has been de- 
layed, but Mississippi Alpha has already delved successfully into poli- 
tics, and as a result high honors will probably fall to her lot this year. 
Moreover, the outlook for a chapter house is bright, and the day is 
not far distant when the chapter will be handsomely housed. 

The Alabama chapters are both strong. Alabama Alpha rightly 


boasts of running the University of Alabama, and the recent changes 
enacted there will be of great benefit to the chapter. Alabama Beta 
is also all right. It is one of the strongest chapters in the province, 
and the hall is soon to give way to a house. 

Georgia Alpha and Gamma are likewise in good condition, neither 
of them having deteriorated in the least since the last national con- 
vention. They are hard workers, and at the end of the session they 
usually have credited to them a long list of honors. Georgia Alpha oc- 
cupies a handsome house rented last year, and so far the only chapter 
house in the province. Georgia Beta, notwithstanding the internal 
dissensions of last spring, has, I understand, captured a full share of 
honors and new men this fall. 

The trouble last spring, already alluded to in this report, was 
brought about by the expulsion from the fraternity of Leonard B. 
Mumford, of Macon, Ga. I thoroughly investigated the charge upon 
which, and the method of procedure by which, the expulsion was at- 
tained, and I came to the conclusion that one was unjustifiable and 
the other unconstitutional. 

Besides the above, there is another matter in connection with that 
chapter to which the attention of your honorable body is earnestly 
called. It is that of the chapter house fund. Several years ago, a 
large amount of money was raised and was given into the keeping of 
a committee, and subsequently a member of that committee, E. P. 
Burns, loaned it to a third person. The chapter has never regained 
possesion of it, and because of that fact the chapter's attempt to buy 
a house this fall was balked. In my official capacity, I wrote last 
spring to Prof. H. S. Bradley, of Oxford, Ga., who is a member of 
that building committee, and whom I addressed as such, in reference 
to the fund. Tluis far, no answer has been received from him. 

Both of these matters have taken ugly turns, and, in calling your 
close attention to them, I should like to make in connection with 
them and with other things the following recommendations: 

1. That Louisiana Alplia, having, like other chapters at Tulane, 
suffered for two years by reason of yellow-fever quarantines, be 
granted one year in which time to shape herself into a chapter in 
good standing. 

2. That Leonard B. Mumford be reinstated a member in good stand- 
ing in IMii Delta Theta. 

3. That H. S. Bradley, because of the manner by which he brought 
about the expulsion of Leonard B. Mumford, be himself expelled. 

4. That a committee, of which the present president of the general 
council shall be r.v-offjcio a member, be appointed to investigate 
thoroughly the chapter-house fund of Georgia Beta, and that it sub- 
mit its report to your honorable body before the national convention 

Respectfully submitted, 


President of Gamma Province. 



7o tlw llo)ioiabh\ tJw National Coitirution of Phi Delta Theta^ 

The first duty assigned to me as president of Epsilon province was 
the receiving of paraphernalia, records, etc., of the chapter at Buch- 


tel, discontinued by the Philadelphia convention. My second duty 
was a pleasure, consisting of initiating twenty-two members of Phi 
Lambda Omicron, thus installing Ohio Eta chapter at Case. 

The following spring (1897), believing that as a substitute for a 
province convention a Phi Delta Theta camp at one of the islands of 
Lake Erie would prove an enjoyable affair to members of the chapters 
in the jurisdiction of Delta province, as well as to alumni members, 
an attempt was made to put such a project on foot. Some one hun- 
dred circular letters were sent out to active chapters in the province, 
and to alumni members in northern Ohio. Two or three chapters 
sent regrets, one was enthusiastically in favor of the scheme, while 
the majority evidently had other plans in view; so the project was of 
necessity dropped, not, however, without the hope that some day such 
an outing can be successfuly carried to the completion. 

At the opening of the fall term, 1897, I answered a summons of the 
general council, by going to look after our Wooster chapter, sadly 
m need of attention, and hampered by the peculiar attitude towards 
fraternities of the president of the college. The chapter was found 
to consist of three men, greatly discouraged on account of the scarcity 
of fraternity material, the result largely of college mismanagement. 
The surrender of the charter was accepted, the furnishings of the hall 
sold and the proceeds apportioned among the last menibersi of the 

It has been my privilege to visit the chapters of Delaware and Co- 
lumbus, in addition to those at Akron and Wooster, and my great 
regret that my business has prevented my visiting and personally 
meeting the members of chapters located at a greater distance. 
Especially do I regret being compelled to leave suddenly when re- 
cently in Cincinnati, thus missing an appointment I had with the boys 
of our new chapter. I would recommend smaller provinces, so that 
the presidents might personally know the men of all chapters in their 

During my term, three men have been reported to me as expelled 
from 4> A 9. Four chapters have ceased to exist: Akron, Wooster, 
Hillsdale and Lansing; the first two not without regret on my part 
because of my better acquaintance with those chapters and the insti- 
tutions in which they were located; the last two, because it seemed 
best for the general good of the fraternity that we should be no 
longer represented in those colleges. 

In severing connections with the above mentioned institutions no 
reflection is cast upon the loyal men who have composed the chapters 
and who are entitled to all the good fellowship offered by the frater- 
nity. Akron and Wooster have large and honorable alumni lists, 
and those who know them best can only hope for the day when the 
general prosperity of the colleges will warrant reviving the chapters. 

The province has gained strength by the addition of two strong 
chapters at Cleveland and Cincinnati, both of which are well backed 
by a large local alumni. The fourteen active chapters of the province 
are in a healthy condition at the present time, encouraging reports 
having but recently been received from them. Five of these chapters 
(those at Case, Ohio State, Michigan, Indianapolis and Purdue) are 
occupying rented houses. Of these, the houses at Case, Indianapolis 
and Purdue, have been rented since the last convention. All the 
other chapters are occupying well furnished halls, but they should 
not be satisfied until they are domiciled in their own houses. 

The alumni chapters have grown quite materially, and are doing 
valiant work in fostering a permanent love for the principles of our 


fraternity, as expressed hi oar Bond. There have been added within 
the territory of this province mmat the Philadelphia conventkm, 
alumni chapters at Detroit, Colmnbus and Athens. It is worthy <rf 
note that the last active and alamni chapters i ifiifdiitid (both semi- 
centennial ; have been established in Ohio, the birth-plBGe of the 
fraternity, at Cincinnati and Athens. A reunion of Phis has been beM 
in Evaosville, Indiana, this year, and it would appear that their nmn- 
ber was sufficient to warrant organizing an alumni chapter. 

In closing, I wish to thank the men of the chapters of Delta pi^- 
ince for their kindly co-operation, to commend them for their fidelity 
to their fraternity, and to assure them that the pages of Thk Scroix 
will be eagerly read by me, in my desire to know of their welfare, 
their interests and their successes. 

Respectfully submitted, 

HiBERT H. Ward. 
President of Delta Province. 



To the }Ioftorahli\ the National Convention of Phi Delta Thrta, 

Since the last national convention there has been added to the 
province roll of college chapters Illinois Beta, at the University of Chi- 
cago. This addition marks a notably strategic move, and will, in time, 
give the province one of its strongest eastern posts and furnish the 
link which makes solid the chain from Champaign to Northwestern. 
For the securing of this chapter all credit should be given to our in- 
defatigable reporter of the general council, Brother Hugh Th. 
Miller, for whom the difficulties and delays incident to the stef)s prior 
to the final installation held no discouragement. We have added, 
also, an alumni chapter at Milwaukee, which will be an important 
conservator and promoter of the interests of Wisconsin Alpha. This 
can be appreciated when one realizes that the membership of our 
two Wisconsin alumni chapters is almost entirely made up from 
graduates of Wisconsin Alpha. The beginning of the alumni chapter 
at Milwaukee dates from the province president's two visits to Wis- 
consin Alpha, and the meeting on these occasions with several of the 
Milwaukee alumni. The credit for the final and completed steps in 
the formation of this alumni chapter must be given to Brother Carl 
F. Geilfuss, of Wisconsin Alpha, and the loyal and enthusiastic Phis 
of Milwaukee, who so successfully pushed the whole matter. In this 
connection, it will be proper to speak of the practical revival of Colo- 
rado Alpha alumni chapter. This chapter was organized March, 1893, 
but since that time until June 18, 1898, had been in a state of masterly 
inactivity. On the above date some twenty of the forty alumni Phis 
of the state met in Denver at an informal reunion. They promise to 
be heard from every loth of March at least. 

In the matter of chapter houses, Illinois Beta and Nebraska Alpha 
made the 1897 record for Epsilon province. For 1898 California Alpha 
and Illinois Alpha are -housed, the former now owning one, and four 
other chapters have made efforts strenuous enough to have entitled 
them to the complete success their efforts deserve. 

Our province convention would furnish material for an extended 
article on ' the verity of the Hoodoo. ' In 1897 it was found impossi- 


ble to fix upon a time that was suited to our to-be hosts of Nebraska 
Alpha and the province president; at any specific time suited to the 
one, it was impossible for the other. In the present year a date was 
found convenient to the chapter, and all arrangements were made for 
what promised a most successful 'meet,' when the call for troops was 
so enthusiastically answered by Nebraska Alpha as to temporarily 
eliminate our hosts,, and the remnant of the chapter was compelled 
to announce its inability, to entertain the convention. Others of 
the chapters also had sent members of their chapters to an- 
swer the same call and it seemed inadvisable to try to fix another 
date before the national convention. So, to the pessimistically in- 
clined and * Peace at any price* coterie— if any remain yet — we can 
offer another item for their list of evils resultant from our late war 
with Spain, in the fact that it made impossible the holding of Epsi- 
lon province convention. 

The matter of finances in Epsilon province can be looked at from 
two points of view and judgment rendered accordingly. From the 
view point of comparative promptness as fraternity chapters go, I can 
say that it is a case of ' not so bad'; from the business point of view, 
that considers money due, and not paid when due, as earning the 
debtor the name of 'slow,' it must be confessed that the province has 
been slow. I bow with deference to the unremitting earnestness of 
purpose in Brother Ball to keep the chapters of Bpsilon province up 
to this business standard of paying dues when they are due. No chap- 
ter can complain that the standard is too high unless they are on the 
list of 'delinquent' chapters ; as no chapter of Phi Delta Theta was 
ever intended to be on this list, complaint can not be made of either 
the man or his earnestness to assist them to the right position. As long 
as such definite efficiency exists under the title of 'Fred S. Ball, treas- 
urer,' Phi Delta Theta can not well afford to add 'emeritus,' unless 
compelled to. 

In the matter of visiting the provinces not as much has been done 
as during 1895-6, when the following chapters were visited: Illinois 
Alpha, Delta, Zeta, Eta and Minnesota Alpha. It was my desire to 
visit tlie chapters in Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa and Kansas during 
1897-8. As the results of the visits during 1895-6 brought forcibly 
to the fore the advisability of province presidents so doing, not only 
from a chapter and province point of view but as affecting the whole 
fraternity, as these are parts of it, the matter of making this visiting 
tour was suggested to the general council; but owing to the state of 
the finances of the general treasury, it did not seem advisable unless 
considered necessary. Without wishing to obtrude views, allow me 
to proffer some conclusions arrived at after a trial of the two methods 
'visiting chapters' and 'not visiting chapters.' Among the objections 
are the expense to the general fraternity, the difficulty of the prov- 
ince president arranging his time to allow for the time needed, the 
danger of establishing^ the precedent — and with the wrong man in the 
office — have the visiting degenerate into junketing. The advantages 
are a general, and at the same time a specific and intelligent, idea 
^ined of the college or university at which the chapter is located, 
Its advantages or limitations. This also of the chapter, and the addi- 
tional advantage of a personal acquaintance with its members, with 
special reference to its officers, with whom the province president will 
have to do in the matter of future correspondence; every province 
president has realized the disadvantage of corresponding with a man 
whom be does not know. 


The pressure in urgiDg a matter on a chapter, as in anv other case 
where results are the object, largely depends upon the kind of pres- 
sure and the way it is applied. The best, surest insurance is to know 
your man, this especially, when your man is of the age and experience 
of a college man. This applies to every chapter. For example, 
in l>^9'>-t> I found one chapter that seemed insensible to the fact that 
they were part of an important body; their spirit (no doubt uncon- 
sciously I was that narrow one of a local club whose interests, club 
like, were narrowed down to themselves. This lack of obligation had 
placed them almost hopelessly behind in the matter of unpaid dues, 
and the chapter correspondence was very intermittent; things had 
gone so far in the wrong direction that their case had become one for 
serious consideration by the officers of the general council ; they came 
out of this state so far as to come to the last national convention with 
dues all paid and chapter correspondence as regular as The Scroli^'s 
issue; this tlie result of one visit. More instances might be given. 
Another advantage experienced was that the interest of local alumni 
can always be resuscitated, much to the benefit of the local chapter, 
and the effective restoration of a renewed loyalty to Phi Delta Theta 
in l>oth active and alumni membership. At one place the chapter 
and alumni were not at all in touch, much to the grinning gratinca- 
tion of rival fraternity chapters. The occasion of the province presi- 
dent's visit was utilized by him so that the misunderstandings were 
removed and the local chapter has ever since been the beneficiary. 
Causes which detract from the full activity and efficiency of a chapter 
can be discovered by a visit which the semi-formal correspondence be- 
tween two unknowns (except officially; would never discover. 

In the matter of finances, that delicate subject, the province presi- 
dent, if acquainted with the chapter membership personally, can do 
doubly effective work and greatly supplement and aid the work of the 
fraternity treasurer. A no less advantage is the effect on the province 
president himself. No province president can make these visits, 
meet the men, hear their tales of woe or tales of weal, plan with 
them, etc., without feeling his interest and responsibility increase, he 
will be no man at all and less a fraternity man, if this did not follow. 
This result is one of the most important, for any work necessary wnll 
seem not work, but a pleasure, and the eye of enthusiastic interest 
will see many a thing to be done which official obligation never senses. 
From the experience in Epsilon province, I would earnestly urge the 
general council to give this matter of the province presidents visiting 
their province chapters such attention as they may deem necessary 
towards establishing it as one of the requirements of the office, and as 
a business proposition in keeping up chapter dues alone. I am certain 
that it would prove a paying investment. If a tabulation were made 
of the dues remitted for various causes, which should in most cases 
never have been causes if the situation had been forecast by the prov- 
ince president from notes gathered on the occasion of his visits, I am 
certain that in most cases the expenses of his trip would cut but a 
very unimportant part in contrast. 

Respectfully submitted, 

James G. Wallace, 
President of Epsilon Province. 








AS-^.-^r 1 ?NnX AND 

An old Phi, who in his college days had taken an*fteiiw- — -^^^-^^112112^ 
interest in the fraternity, wandered about the Chittenden 
hotel and the hall where the convention was held, for a day 
or two of Thanksgiving week. Among the young members, 
few of whom he knew, he looked and perhaps felt like a 
ghost of the departed. He told me in his random fashion, as 
we went home, how he felt about what he had seen: 

*Men out of college for a time, or at least some of them,* 
he said, *are inclined to look back on college and frater- 
nity enthusiasm as a sort of amusing folly, one of those things 
that are all well enough for boys, but that men grow out 
of, you know. But it may be that the collegian is the one 
who is entitled to entertain the feeling of compassion. Is 
not our college life, after all, our highest estate? Two or 
three things seem to make it so. In the first place, the col- 
lege is, for the average man, after his arrival at years of dis- 
<a'etit)n, about the only place where the material side of life 
is not the chief one. Hardly any one goes to college who 
has not provided, for the time at least, for his bread, and he 
can for so long dismiss that matter from his mind. Thus, 
practically, all collegians are so placed that they need not 
consider the sordid or the material, and may concentiate 
their minds upon other things. The other things set be- 
fore them are learning and the society of kindred spirits. 

*Those who make up the goodly company found in the col- 
leges are, in addition to the professors, young men who have 
undergone a selection. They are young men whose superior 
ambitions and higher tastes have led them there, or they are 
at least representatives of successful families, people who are 
among the better educated and more ambitious and forceful. 
Thus these collegians are a chosen company. They com- 
pose a little world of its own, with its high tastes and ideals, 
with its own peculiar rewards, its constant companionship 


with books, its association with teachers, men of noble am- 
bitions and pure minds, making on the whole a community 
in which merit is more clearly recognized and honored than 
anywhere else. Could there be a finer environment, and is it 
any wonder that many men look back upon their stay there 
as the happiest of their lives, or that their later estate seems 
lower than the first? 

'Out of this selected company is taken another company, 
the members of the fraternity, chosen mainly for their per- 
sonal qualities. These are thus the chosen of the chosen. 

* Taken not so much for their qualities of mind — though 
these enter into it — as for their qualities of heart, the em- 
phasis is on the social side. In the chapter house or hall the 
bond of union is gentle manners and kindly helpfulness. The 
standing of one is in high degree the standing of all. The 
fraternity tie helps many a one over a hard place, like the 
rope that binds together the Alpine climbers and holds up the 
falling brother. Perhaps out of this comes the fine sympathy 
and gentleness seen among fraternity men. 

*The handsome, high bred faces of the young men in this 
convention speak of cultured surroundings. They tell the best 
tale of the character of the chapters. You noted the fine cour- 
tesy of all once this week under a somewhat trying situation. 
That demonstration at the banquet showed, also, that educa- 
tion does not refine away patriotism , but strengthens it. It was 
a most dramatic manifestation of the glorious spirit of 1898 — 
a year in which it has been a privilege for an American to 
have lived, a year which has shown the mighty force of 
American nationality as not before since 1861, which has 
brought the light of patriotism to the faces of little children 
and the gleam of battle to the eyes of old men. The band 
played * 'Dixie, ' ' and the love of the southern men for that old 
melody, which seemed all the dearer when heard far from 
home, brought forth a round of cheers. This was the pre- 
lude to the storm, and no master of the drama could have 
arranged it better. As the southern cheers for ** Dixie'* died 
away, the air changed and there followed the notes of * 'Yan- 
kee Doodle." Then came the spirit of '98. It burst out as 
white hot and sudden as an electric flash. Every man 
sprang to his feet by one impulse and the air was white with 
the waving of napkins, while the cheers rang again and 
again like a battle call. There are great possibilities folded 
away in a napkin. And then, appropriately, all sang the 
strong and moving notes of "America," and afterward stood 


in silence while the band played the **Star Spangled Ban- 


• How youthful some of the older members look ! One of 
the venerable founders seems scarcely to have aged since the 
Indianapolis convention of eighteen years ago. He says it 
is because he has * 'always associated much with young 
men." The honored president of the fraternity seems the 
same young man he was fourteen years ago. Others of the 
active workers for many years in the harness seem so young 
that one wonders if they have not found the fountain of 
eternal youth which the old Spaniard sought. Is this the 
reward of devotion to this organization ? Does it show that 
love's labor is not always lost and that the work reacts upon 
the man more than we think ? According to the doctrine of 
compensation there should be a reward for those who with- 
out thought of themselves have given their time and money 
to this organization, who have watched this fraternity 
through long years, have lived its life, felt every change in 
it in their own hearts' pulsations, who have gone out and 
*'.rebuilded its broken altars" and redeemed its wasted 

*I should like to bring to these workers some tribute of re- 
spect and love from the great multitude of those who, like 
us, were once active and interested but have long been too 
much occupied in other things to do more than remember. 
For we have not forgotten. In us the flame of enthusiasm 
may have indeed long since gone out, but the old interest 
lies warm and red under the ashes of years. * 

Clarence La Rue Goodwin, 

Indianapolis and Indiana^ '83. 


At 10:30 A. M., Monday, November 21, 1898, in the hall 
of the house of representatives, at Columbus, Ohio, the 
president of the general council, Walter B. Palmer, Emory, 
'77, called the semi-centennial national convention to order 
with two raps of the gavel, and said : 

Ladies, gentlemen and brothers: 

I have the pleasure and privilege of presenting to you one who is 
perhaps the most widely known in the fraternity, certainly the most 
honoi^ of all the members whose names are signed to the ever lengthen - 
ing scroll, Rev. Dr. Robert Morrison, of Fulton, Mo., who was one of 
the original founders of Phi Delta Theta, fifty years ago at Miami Uni- 
versity, in this state. He will offer the opening prayer for this con- 



Dr. Morrison said that before we talk to God in prayer, it 
seemed fitting that we should listen to God, as he speaks to 
us in his sacred word. As a description of one whom God 
regards worthy of the name of a man, he read Psalm xv, 
as follows : 

Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? Who shall dwell in thy 
holy hill ? 

He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh 
the truth in his heart. He that backbiteth not with his ton^e, nor 
doeth evil to his neighbor, nor taketh up a reproach against his neigh- 
bor. In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoreth them 
that fear the Lord. He that sweareth to his own hurt and changeth 
not. He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward 
against the innocent. 

He that doeth these things shall never be moved. 

And a blessing from God upon brotherhood among men 
in Psalm cxxxiii was read. It is as follows : 

Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell to- 
gether in unity ! It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that 
ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard; that went down to the 
skirts of his garments ; as the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that 
descended upon the mountains of Zion : for there the I/>rd commanded 
the blessing, even life forevermore. 

Bro. Morrison then offered the following prayer: 

O I/ord, thou alone art great, thou art almighty and all wise, king 
of kings and lord of lords, well worthy of the homage and praise of 
thy creatures. Thou art the source of all life and light and joy and 
blessing. Thou art our creator, preserver and bountiful benefactor. 
We thank thee for casting our lot in a land abounding in privileges, 
civil and religious, a land of Bibles, Sabbaths, schools of learning and 
good government over our people. 

These great gifts we know bring great responsibilities. We ac- 
knowledge our short-comings to meet our high duties. We ask thy 
forgiveness for neglect and sins in the past. 

We thank thee for thy goodness and mercy to our fraternity in all 
our past history, and now let thy blessing rest upon us as we are here 
met. Guide us in all our deliberations, so that we shall all say and do 
the right thing in the right way and with the right spirit; enable us to 
choose only the best ends and the best means to attain those ends, and 
when done with life here by thy grace may we all meet in the Chapter 
Grand and to thy name shall be the praise. 

And now, Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. 
Thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as 
we forgive those that trespass against us. And lead us not into temp- 
tation, but deliver us from evil : for thine is the kingdom and the power 
and the glory, forever. Amen. 

It was noticeable that a considerable number of voices 
joined in repeating the prayer learned from a mother's lips. 



Hon. Etnmett Tompkins, Ohio, *74, then introduced Gov- 
ernor Asa S. Bushnell, who spoke as follows : 

Ladies^ gentlemen and representatives of the Phi Delta Theta fta- 


It is my pleasure and privilege to extend to you a cordial greeting, 
a generous welcome on this occasion of your national convention in 
the capital city of Ohio. One of the pleasant duties of the chief ex- 
ecutive is to welcome those from other commen wealths and those of 
our own commonwealth to our state and to our city. I have gathered 
many welcomes from the hearts of the people of Ohio, and I now take 
pleasure in laying them all at your feet. 

Your fraternity has now reached its semi-centennial anniversary, 
its fiftieth mile-stone, and we are glad that you are holding this con- 
vention here in the grand state of Ohio. We are glad that you had 
your birth in this state, at old Miami University. That institution, as 
you are aware, has turned out some notable men. We do not claim 
for Ohio all the great men in the world, either soldiers or statesman, 
but you from other states will agree that she has turned out many men 
who have become famous in the land. From old Miami there is an ex- 
president of the United States, a member of your fraternity; there is 
one ex-president, there are ex-senators, and there are many generals 
and celebrated military men. 

I have a very warm place in my heart for Miami University, for it's 
the only institution that ever conferred a degree upon nie [applause] . 
Unfortunately I never had the opportunities that you young men have 
— I was not able to go through a college course. It was my fortune to 
be obliged to make my own way in the world, and I had no opportu- 
nity of pursuing my education in a higher institution of learning. I 
am indebted to the public schools for what educati9n I have, and I 
liave great pride in the common schools and public schools of our 
land, and especially those of the state of Ohio. But old Miami was 
kind enough to confer the degree of doctor of laws upon me. That 
•lUploma, being in Latin, I regret very much I am not able to read, 
but coming from that institution, I know that it is all right [applause]. 

I welcome you to the state of Ohio, this bright and inviting morn- 
ing. I am glad you commence your session here so early in the week, 
«o that you can have the whole week for your meeting ; that you will 
not be compelled to hurry your sessions through and depart for your 
homes. You that are from other states, and I am tola that nearly 
«very state is represented in this body, you from other states, we de- 
sire to remain with us as long as you can find it convenient. We give 
you, as I say, a cordial welcome, and we trust that your deliberations 
liere may be pleasant and for the good of your fraternity. 

You are engaged, or at least the institutions which you represent, 
iure engaged in higher education, and we have a large number of these 
institutions in our own state. There can not be too many of them, I 
think, in any part of the country. Some people are of a different 
opinion; they think about educational institutions as they do about 
some commercial enterprise, that they should be consolidated. But 
so far as I am concerned, I believe there can not be too many institu- 
tions of this kind in the land. A country that cares for the education 
of the youth will always be a strong country, a great nation and a 
Kreat people. This is what we are doing in Ohio, and that is what you 
are doing in the other states whence you have come. What you de- 
sire, and what I think should be given attention to, is expressed very 
clearly in the words of J. G. Holland, as follows : 


God give us men ! A time like this demands 

Strong minds, great hearts, true faith and ready hands ; 

Men whom the lust of office does not kill ; 
Men whom the spoils of office can not buy; 

Men who possess opinions and a will; 
Men who have honor, men who will not lie. 

We should aim to produce, and these institutions do produce, me» 
of that character. Now I wish you, one and all, good health and hap- 
piness and an abundance of success in your professions. I wish long 
life and success to your fraternity, and Godspeed to the country we 
all love so well [applause]. 


Dr. J. E. Browu, Ohio IVes/eyan, '84, then introduced 
Hon. S. L. Black, mayor of Columbus. Mr. Black, who is 
a member of <l> F A, spoke as follows : 

Ladies and gentlewen, members of the Phi Delta Theta : 

I assure you that an occasion of this kind, and particularly this oc- 
casion, is one of more than ordinary and passing interest to me. Not- 
withstanding the fact that it has been more than fifteen years since I 
left college halls, and since I was actively identified with a college 
secret society, yet this occasion brings back over those fifteen years a 
flood of recollections of the most pleasant character ; and I assure you, 
therefore, that when I extend to you, in behalf of the citizens of this 
city, a cordial and hearty welcome, and turn over to you the key of 
the city, I am speaking from those recollections which were planted 
fifteen years ago, and which, while they have not been active, have 
been among the most pleasant of my life ; and I say with a great deal 
of pleasure and a great deal of pride that among my warm and closest 
friends in college, as well as during the fifteen years intervening, ha\*e 
been members of this, one of the greatest secret orders of college lift- 
in the United States, men whose friendship I prize as much as that of 
any men whose associations are pleasant and dear to me. 

It is more than a pleasure for me to be permitted to appear before 
you this morning and extend a hearty welcome, a hand of friendship 
to you, from whatsoever state in this great union you may come. 
You not only represent the great educational institutions of this coun- 
try, but you represent, at the same time, one of the most potent in- 
fluences of those institutions, the betterment of man. Where these 
institutions themselves develop chiefly the intellectual and moral 
character of the student, it is the province of the college fraternity to 
develop that which we are needing in this age, that which we Mrill 
need more in the years to come, an«l that is the spirit of friendship, 
the spirit of brotherhood among men. We have passed through an 
age of material intellectual development that has been amazing ; we 
have neglected the spirit of friendship, we have neglected the feeling 
of brotherhood among our friends and acquaintances. The college 
fraternities are one of the greatest elements in college life for good. 
They get young men in the formative period of their lives, when they 
are more susceptible to good and noble influences, and the friendship 
formed during college days will last while life lasts. The Greek letter 
fraternity is helping young men to a higher and purer social life in col- 
lege ; it is bringing them together in closer union ; it is enabling them 
to understand each other better, to learn each other's ambition better. 
And after we leave the classic halls, and go out into the active affairs 


of life, if we continue to practice what we have learned in frater- 
nity halls, we will accomplish much greater good in life than if we 
had not been members of a college fraternity, but had devoted our 
entire time to Latin, Greek and mathematics. 

Now, gentlemen, I am pleased, in behalf of our citizens one and all, 
to extend to you a most cordial and hearty welcome to our city. We 
trust that this semi-centennial meeting shall be one, not only of profit 
to you, but one of very great pleasure to you all, and that when you 
leave the capital of Ohio, you will bear away with you not only the 
mofit delightful recollections of your fellow-members here, but the 
most pleasant impressions of our city and its people. You are in good 
hands in this city, and if you are not well taken care of, or if Dr. 
Brown and the other members of your reception committee don't know 
how to treat you, I suggest that you refer them to me, and I will give 
them thirty days and costs. I thank you [applause and a yell for Phi 
Gamma Delta]. 


In behalf of the members of Phi Delta Theta resident in 
Columbus and the local chapter, Hon. Cyrus Huliug, Ohio 
Wesleyan^ '78, said : 

Ladies and members of the Phi Delta Theta : 

I am certainly very glad of the opportunity, and very proud of the 
opportunity, of addressing you in behalf of the association of local 
Phis. It brings back old recollections, to look into your faces. Sav- 
ing memories of home and mother, there is probably no chord in mem- 
ory's harp that will respond with such sweet strains as the memories of 
our college days. And you, coming as you do fresh from the fountain- 
heads of knowledge, seem to be but our former selves. You have 
listened and are listening daily to the same wise counsels which our 
preceptors gave in the years gone by. Your daily walks are through 
the same groves and temples where our feet have also trod. And we 
feel, in welcoming you here, that we are but bidding our former selves 
return. You have been welcomed to this great state and to this hos- 
pitable city, a city, I may remind you, that contains in its suburbs 
more groves and temples than ancient Athens, more institutions for 
the benefit of the innrm and unfortunate than can be found in any 
state of similar population in the world, and we invite you before you 
leave to visit tliese institutions and see whereof we speak. 

You hardly realize to-day the importance of your sitting here. You 
will not know until age and experience have shown you what a cruel, 
cold world there is outside of college halls, the blessed privileges you 
are enjoying now, but in the future you will remember with pleasure, 
that will be undying as memory, this the day you met to consider 
what was best and what was not for the Phis throughout these United 
States ; and to help you in your deliberations to make that memory 
more permanent, our committee will see that you are taken care of in 
a proper manner, that you are treated as becomes your position as our 
guests ; and we desire to say to you that, outside of any formal wel- 
coming here, ^ou will find the hearts and hearthstones of every loyal 
Phi in this city opened to your beck and call. Enter, possess it 
and be welcome. I thank you [applause] . 


Prof. Hugh Th. MiUer, Indianapolis, '88, editor of Thk 
Scroll, then responded on behalf of the delegates, visitors 
and officers to these addresses, and all were introduced to 
Governor Bushnell and Mayor Black, during the intermis- 
sion which followed. 



Monday— The Reception. 

The reception tendered by the Phis of Columbus to dele- 
gates and visitors was held, as at Indianapolis, under the 
roof of the hotel where the convention made its home. The 
Chittenden assembly hall was elaborately decorated in blue 
and white, the immense fraternity flag which afterward 
floated from the highest tower of the hotel being hung at 
one end of the room. On one side was the orchestra, in a 
balcony hidden under blue and white bunting, on the 
other the letters ** A 0' in blue and white electric lights. 
At the north end of the hall, where the guests were re- 
ceived by Dr. and Mrs. J. E. Brown, Hon. and Mrs. Em- 
mett Tompkins, Mr. Woodbury T. Morris, Miss Morris 
and Mr. Walter B. Palmer, was a bank of ferns and palms. 
The reception proper extended from half past eight till 
eleven, supper being served from ten to eleven; dancing 
then held sway till — well, till some time Tuesday morning. 
One of the pleasantest features of the conventions of a na- 
tional fraternity was here apparent in the meeting of the 
Ohio girls with southern, eastern and western Phis. The 
men from the middle west were anything but wall flowers, 
but there was a tremendous curiosity and demand to meet 
the men from California, from Georgia and Texas, from 
New England, from Missouri or Virginia. These foreign- 
ers were no less interested in studying the Ohio type, it may 
be remarked. 

The hostesses were : Mrs. R. D. Bohannan, Mrs. Cyrus 
Huling, Mrs. Dudley Dunham, Mrs. Paul Thomson. Mrs. 
Mull, Mrs. W. A. Van Sickle, Mrs. C. E. Mark, Mrs. WiU- 
iam McPherson and Miss King. Among the ladies present 
were Miss Horn, Miss Bright, Miss Beatty, Miss Stewart, 
Miss Chapman, the Misses Bowe, Miss Baker, the Misses 
Rice, Miss Longstreth, Miss O'Brien, Miss Deshler, the 
Misses Hicks, Miss Fullerton, Miss Lahman, Miss Mills, the 
Misses Bellows, Miss Coit, the Misses Powell, the Misses 
Farrell, Miss Hayden, the Misses Kelton, Miss Kilbourne» 


Miss Holmes, Miss Monypeny, the Misses Neil, Miss Bert, 
Miss Thurman, Miss Fitch, Miss Bargar, the Misses Albery, 
Miss Nelson, Miss HufiF, the Misses Brent, the Misses Hardy, . 
Miss Rankin, Miss Huling, Miss Shauck, Miss Lander, Miss 
Sheldon, MissStimson, Miss Hall, Miss Collins, Miss Kelley, 
Miss Henderson, Miss Taylor, the Misses Brookes, Miss 
Field, Miss Hardesty, Miss Lee, Miss Mitchell, Miss Wat- 
son, Miss Guerin, Miss Nash, the Misses Hoover, Miss Pot- 
ter, Miss Stevens, the Misses Smith, Miss Ide, Miss Flor- 
ence Kelley, Miss Duncan, Miss Ogilvie, Miss Snider, Miss 
Hammond, Miss Gardner, Miss Krauss, the Misses Cope, 
Miss Hester, Miss Sharpe, Miss Brown, MissDennison, Miss 
Merrick, Miss Bell, Miss Wilson, Miss Fullington, Miss 
Wiggin, Miss Reese, Miss Gormley, Mrs. John Joyce, jr., 
Mr. and Mrs. Rusk, Miss Robinson, Miss Lapham, Miss 
Courtright, Miss Patterson, Miss Williams, Miss Young, 
Miss Eagleson, Mrs. Frank Brown, Mrs. Walter R. Brown 
and Miss Brown, Mrs. Barnes, Mrs. McLaren, Mrs. Tall- 
madge. Miss Hunt, Miss Huffman, Miss Axline, Miss Mc- 
Carter, Miss Lisle, Miss Loren, Miss Corner, Miss Luce, Miss 
Hunter, Miss Baldwin, Miss Pulling, Miss Howard, Miss 
Welling, Miss Green, Miss Lindenberg, Miss Raymond, 
Miss Barcus, Miss Canfield, Miss Carpenter, Miss Durstine, 
Miss Brandebee, Miss Mabel Raymond, Miss Cole, Miss 
Weber. Miss Schille, Miss Rickey, Miss Twiss, Miss Hat- 
ton, Miss Skiles, Miss Slaughter, Miss Allen, the Misses 
KaufiFman, Miss Reeves, Miss Bratton, Miss Dunn, Miss 
Samuel, Miss Quinn, Miss Moore, Miss Vance. 

The favors were silver stick -pins crowned with the con- 
vention souvenir button, and there was a wild rush on the 
part of the boys to capture an extra one to take home. 
Those who were unsuccessful accomplished their purpose 
later with the aid of Mr. Auld. 

The scene in the assembly hall was an unusually animated 
and brilliant one, and so thoroughly delightful was the even- 
ing that when the orchestra finally heeded the chaperon's 
command to play 'Home, Sweet Home,' the dancers de- 
manded and secured two or three repetitions of it before the 
exodus began in earnest. 

Tuesday — The Smoker. 

On Tuesday night Ohio Zeta's chapter house was the 
convention Mecca. Here was enjoyed one of the most un- 
qualified * good times ' that ever falls to the lot of the college 
boy: Half a dozen rooms and a wide hall and stairway 


filled with Phis whose enthusiasm knew no bounds, coUege 
yells, fraternity songs, music and laughter. Blue smoke 
and white, from pipes, cigars and cigarettes ; non-smokcn 
who were as eager for one of the handsome souvenir pipes 
as were the slaves to the weed. A bu£Fet loaded to the edges 
and replenished as fast as it showed the faintest signs of de- 
pletion. The Georgia ' Crackers * winning the hearts of the 
* Buckeyes ' with their stories in one room ; Captain BnglUi 
at the piano in another, but lost in a whirlwind of smoke and 
song ; in another the Barringer brothers and Meily doing 
wonders with mandolin and guitar; Father Morrison tenderly 
guarding his be-ribboned pipe from dangerous coUiskmsand 
smiling happily at some wild, lock-step train of shontiag 
collegians circling past him. The whole evening was a ka- 
leidoscope of sound as brilliant as Monday night had been 
in color. The boys of Ohio Zeta, to quote the expressive 
words of one of the * Crackers,' ' ce'tainly did show as all a 
good time.' 

Wednesday — The Thetas and the Banqukt, 

On Wednesday afternoon the Kappa Alpha Thetas of Ohio 
State University received Phi Delta Thetas at Miss Axline's. 
The hall was hung in Theta black and gold and the dining- 
room in Phi white and blue, while the parlors were gay in 
the national colors, some of these being real battle-flags. 
There were flowers galore, but white carnations most of all. 
Mrs. Axline, Miss Williams, Mrs. Taylor and Miss Azline 
received the guests, and the active chapter and the alumni 
did duty as charming hostesses. Bro. Charles Grosvenor 
Bond, of Ohio Zeta, introduced the strangers. 

No sooner had those who tarried late at the reception re- 
gained the hotel than claw-hammer coats and college ccdors 
began to proclaim that the semi-centennial banquet was at 
hand. The speeches and the menu are given on other pages 
of this issue, but a hundred pages could convey no idea of 
what that banquet really was. Strange to say, the * driest ' 
banquet we ever had proved to be the most enthusiastic. 
At the request of the general council, the local committee 
had not only left all wines off of the menu card, but had also 
directed that none whatever be served, even upon individual 
order. Some feared this might be an unwise provision for 
a feast that lasted six hours. Not so. From the moment 
the boys began to gather in the lobby and corridor to march 
in, the air became electric. Sixty college yells rang out in 
succession and in chorus : songs, * roasts,* retorts, applause 

0? .car to 


•<3» '<«•<» 


flashed oat. died away, r e ap pe are d. It vas amnsii^ to 
watch the waiters try to p r cs err e their self-posBcssioa and 
dignity through it all aiid to look anooDScioiis, when starting 
Xo set a platter down, a sharp chorus of 'drop it* and a 
thump on the tat4e made them jtmip : or to see them bite 
their lips when they were marching in or oat to a wild choms 
of * Hep ! Hep \ ' Onr convention gossip will have much 
more to say of the banquet and of many of its incidents. It 
was coming three o'clock when the last of the old-timers 
had finished talking over the * Dixie ' incident and compar- 
ing this with former feasts, and when the infants had ex- 
torted their last story frcnn Colonel Swope and begun to 
wonder at what hour the Thursday morning convention 
session would open. 

Thursday — Foot Ball and the Kappas. 

After the morning session and the convention picture and 
a hurried lunch on Thursday, there was a rush for the foot 
ball game, for which the manager of the Ohio State Uni- 
versity eleven had kindly sent the convention complimentary 
tickets. It was a Phi game. ^^Tiitney, delegate from Am- 
herst, and captain of the '97 team there, was referee. Sayers 
was captain for O. S. U., not to mention stars of lesser mag- 
nitude. Encouraging telegrams had been sent to the nu- 
merous other Phi captains, and by six o'clock telegrams 
l^)egan to be posted on the convention bulletin board. 

Thanksgiving night, after the scores from all the home 
games were in and Cornell and Pennsylvania had had it out, 
Illinois had gloried over Minnesota and Lafayette over 
lyehigh, and after the Chittenden's elaborate Thanksgiving 
dinner was demolished, everybody went out to the Kappa 
Kappa Gamma reception at the Misses Raymonds'. Here 
was another house full of flowers and Phi colors and pretty 
girls. The candles were white and blue ; so were the 
wafers; so were many of the dresses. Mrs. Raymond, Miss 
Raymond, Dr. and Mrs. Brown, Prof, and Mrs. Kaufmann, 
and Miss Cole received the guests, who included not 
only the Phis but the Kappa Alpha Thetas. Later in the 
evening Miss Field appeared and delighted every one with 
some charming recitations from her father's poems.. The 
men from the south and east, after their introduction on 
Monday night and continued acquaintance on Wednesday 
and Thursday with Kappas and Thetas, to say nothing of 
certain Pi Phis and Tri Belts, were prepared to carry home 
thoroughly revised versions of the local idea and definition 


of *co-ed.' We don't just exactly remember what nice 
things our Nebraska Phis did for the Kappa convention last 
summer (it was a Japanese tea party, wasn't it?), but we 
feel now it wasn't enough, and if the Thetas hold their con- 
vention this year where Phi Delta Theta has a chapter, and 
the Phis don't pawn their overcoats to get the girls flowers, 
that chapter would better not send any delegate to Louis- 

Friday — Mary French FiEiyD. 

This did not end the social side of the week, though Fri- 
day was filled with convention sessions till adjournment sine 
die just before midnight. There were a number of little 
dinners with Mrs. Dr. Brown, with Miss Field; long fare- 
well calls on the city girls and the *co-eds* ; a few quiet chats 
of the veterans in Dr. Brown's back parlor. 

A striking and delightful incident was Miss Field's visit, 
by invitation, to the convention on Friday morning. Dr. 
Brown had been elected president while claiming the floor to 
withdraw his name. His 'resignation' had been regretfully 
accepted, and 'Jim' Moore had been landed with a rush in 
the vacant chair, when Miss Field was announced. The 
election, the most exciting of all convention events, was 
swept aside for an hour, and ordinary applause failing to do 
the subject justice. Colonel Swope called for a * Phi-kei-a ! ' 
This snappy cheer, ending abruptly with her own name, 
quite nonplussed Miss Field, who confessed herself at a loss 
how to respond. Dr. Brown introduced her to the conven- 
tion with a fitting tribute to her father's memory and to her 
own graces and talents, but poor Miss Field had to stand 
and blush and smile until another storm of applause and 
Phi yells swinging to her name had blown over. She was 
a charming picture, with her big black hat and her stunning 
black gown, the Phi badge Missouri Alpha (her father's 
chapter) gave her over her heart and her beautiful face 
showing her puzzled interest in the tumultuous audience 
which welcomed her in such unconventional style. Then, 
just as every lover of Eugene Field, just as Eugene Field 
himself would have had her recite them, she gave us * Some- 
time' and 'Limitations of Life,' and, when we insisted on 
another, 'Just before Christmas,' and, when we demanded 
one more, ' Fisherman Jim's Kids. ' Then, with rather more 
composure, she listened to a few more cyclones of * Phi-kei-a!' 
until the delegates became quiet enough to understand that 
Miss Field would be glad to meet them all . The editor of 


Thb ScROiyL introduced the men, as well as a number of the 
college girls and Columbus ladies, who had been iifvited to 
hear Miss Field. Hon. Emmett Tompkins then claimed 
the floor and spoke of Eugene Field and of his loyalty to 
Phi Delta Theta and his connection with the Missouri and 
Knox chapters. He offered the following resolution, which 
was adopted with a rising vote and the inevitable * Phi yell 
for Miss Field * : 

Whereas, Eugene Field, of Missouri Alpha, who has added so 
much honor to Phi Delta Theta and luster to American literature, has 
passed away to be known no more among men, save as a sweet mem- 
ory, and 

Whereas, He has left a daughter whose mission is to please the 
world and keep ever fresh the name of her beloved father; be it 

Resolved^ By Phi Delta Theta in national convention assembled, 
that Mary French Field be now adopted and hereafter known by us as 
a daughter of Phi Delta Theta. 

Miss Field's speech accepting the honor was a model of 
charming brevity and spoken in her own winning way : * I 
hope always to prove a good daughter to the fraternity, and 
a true sister to you all.' The delegates then invited Miss 
Field and Mrs. Dr. Brown, who has come unofl5cially to be 
known as the fraternity's adopted mother, to remain during 
the remainder of the election session, but the ladies seized 
this opportunity to show feminine superiority to curiosity by 


The semi-centennial banquet began early — in the evening 
and closed early — in the morning. It was only a few min- 
utes after eight when one hundred and twenty Phis swarmed 
into the Chittenden dining-room, whence the guests were ban- 
ished to the ordinary that evening, and began assorting them- 
selves by states or provinces or age. The tables ran in three 
parallel lines the length of the room, with the toastmaster 
and a score of the veterans at a smaller one at the north end, 
opposite the doorway. The decorations were elaborate, and 
above the toastmaster' s table glowed the great * 4> A 0* in 
blue and white electric lights, which had blazed down on 
the ball-room on Monday night. At the south end of the 
west table were the Georgia * Crackers,' one of them puffing 
his souvenir pipe and applauding with his souvenir gavel. 
This seemed to be the southern storm center. Next to them 
were the easterners, and at the north end of the same table 
old Epsilon province, the west, was grouped. Dr. Brown 
presided at the south end of the central table, which was 


largely filled with Ohio men, as was the south end of the 
east table. At the north end of the east table was a well 
organized Hoosier crowd, which devoted its yell-producing 
ingenuity to Colonel Swope, as Epsilon province did its own 
to the Georgians. The grouping was almost wholly im- 
promptu, but wrought very happy results. The choruses 
of yells, 'roasts,' repartee and songs, varied by occasional 
individual contributions, kept every man on the qui vive for 
the passing jest and the whole company in the best of good 
humors with itself and with Phi Delta Theta. 

The menu card was much more beautiful than the sketch 
on the next page would indicate, as the words * Golden 
Anniversary Banquet,' and the lines encircling them were 
embossed in gold, as was the fraternity flag, in proper col- 
ors. The menu was : 

Canape ^ la Berne 

Cherry-stones— celery 

Green turtle, clear 

Hors d'couvre varids 

Planked whitefish — pom me bordure 

Sliced cucumbers 

Supreme de volatile aux truffes 

Petit-pois en caisse 

Tenderloin of beef larded — mushrooms 

Haricots verts 

Punch Phi Delta Theta 

Broiled quail on toast au cresson 

Salade de saison 

Glace tutti frutti — gateaux 

Fromage — cafe — cigares 

The toast list bore the open motto, the name of the toast- 
master, Hon. Emmett Tompkins, Ohio, '74, and the toasts 
and names which follow on other pages, closing with * The 
Pyx.* On the page following appeared the names of the 
founders following * Phi Delta Theta, founded at Miami 
University, Oxford, Ohio, December 26, 1848'; below was 
* The Semi-Centennial Convention, Columbus, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 21-25, 1898 ; ' and beneath that were the names of the 
semi-centennial general council. The last inside page bore 
the names of the local committee : John Edwin Brown, 
Ohio, Wesleyan, '84 ; Emmett Tompkins, Ohio, '74 ; Wood- 
bury Treat Morris, Williams, '92. The inside title page 
ran : * The Semi-Centennial Banquet of Phi Delta Theta, 
Columbus, Hotel Chittenden, Wednesday evening, Novem- 

TnK JlKsr Cari 


ber twenty-third, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, half- 
past seven o'clock.' The whole card was an example of 
Wright's work at his best and a beautiful souvenir. 

On a separate table in front of the toastmaster stood a 
large bronze statue of Phi Delta Theta's patron goddess, 
Pallas. For the first time in the history of convention ban- 
quets, two stenographers were present to take down all the 
remarks of toastmaster and speakers. This was one of the 
most satisfactory features of the whole occasion to President 
Walter B. Palmer, who fairly beamed as he saw everything 
going down in black and white for preservation in the 

From the personal point of view the notable group was 
the three Miami men : the two founders of the classes of '49 
and *50, respectively, and Dr. A. C Kemper, '53. It was 
impressive to hear these men, met again for the first time 
in almost half a century, and perhaps for the last time, tell 
of the days and the men who witnessed the beginnings 
of Phi Delta Theta. They all staid till the end, and their 
interest and enthusiam were intense, though displayed by 
each in his own characteristic way. Father Morrison's in- 
teresting paper was a permanent contribution to fraternity 
history and listened to intently. He was in splendid voice 
and seemed inspired by the occasion. His reading was 
interspersed with impromptu remarks, and in both he rose 
to a higher oratorical pitch than at any previous convention. 
Father Lindley spoke in a much lower tone, and for a 
moment it was difficult to hear him in the remote corners, 
but in the perfect silence that ensued not a word was lost. 
Dr. Kemper was ardent and eloquent in his patriotic appeals 
and was repeatedly interrupted by outbursts of applause. 

The incident which every man present will remember as 
long as he lives and which was as startling as it was spon- 
taneous, was one referred to already and hereafter in these 
pages. Cheers and laughter were rising and falling above 
the undercurrent of low-pitched voices, and six-score 
thoughts and fancies were rising in the minds of as many 
men from half as many colleges. The first notes of ' Dixie ' 
floated in from the orchestra in the hall, and every man's 
heart stood still and his hand clenched his napkin as the 
piercing yell of the southern men rang out sharp and clear. 
But the orchestra changed to 'Yankee Doodle,' and the 
men in an instant were on their feet and on their chairs, 
cheering and waving napkins till the whole room was a 
surging sea of white. They sang 'America,' and tried to 


yjLjtA Ml the ciorss was too srnri for Thm. sad tbcy hid 

to ka^ tlsat, tcr^. 

r'ClgT-yg AVI* : h i. 

The To>*=TKASTEa : Brother 

We have reached that penod m osr nade^Dcnte coosid- 
eration where the material aad the substantial mnst gire 
way to the lighter and possibly more enterraining featme 
of the evening s program. 

I wa.s ver>' much impressed to-day on witnessing the pre- 
sentation of a gavel by Case chapter to each of her sister 
chapters in the United States, indicating the esteem and 
affection in which this next to the yonngest offering of the 
parent order holds her sisters. I did not want to mar the 
f>eaaty and harmony of that occasion by obtruding my per- 
sonality and making the presentation which I designed to 
make to the convention before it left the city : and I will 
now, with your permission, take occasion to meet, at least 
half way, a suggestion made by the presiding oflScer of the 
convention, when it was in a committee of the whole — or 
the hole in which Brother Palmer said he got the conven- 
tion the other day. 

This is a period of memento gathering — a time when we 
pick up and stow away souvenirs, because, as a fraternity, 
we are standing on the equator of the first century of our 
lives, and we have reached the point where we stand and 
give pause, certainly long enough to look back over the fifty 
years that have been traveled by this organization ; and by 
the accumulation of souvenirs and mementos and testimo- 
nials we will gather together impulses and inspirations to 
lead the fraternity forward through the remaining fifty years 
of the first century of her life [applause]. 

Now, I am not authorized to speak on behalf of the state 
of C)hio ; I am not authorized to represent the state of Ohio 
officially, as vSir Joseph Porter might, but I am a citizen of 
the Huckeye state, and I believe I have a right in her name 
to add a souvenir among those which will be gathered on 
this occasion, to accentuate and perpetuate the incidents of 
this happy day — this gavel, which called to order and was 
wielded over the deliberations of the convention which as- 
sembled on the fiftieth anniversary of the glorious and beau- 
tiful life of the Phi Delta Theta [more applause]. It is to 
be expected that the fraternity librarian will lay this gavel 
away in the archives, to be brought out at each anniversary, 


or, rather, each biennial gathering of the fraternity in na- 
tional convention. 

We have much to congratulate ourselves for. There is a 
great deal of felicity in occasions of this sort, because they 
are thrilled with proud memories, and filled with incidents 
that we must carry with us as we journey through life. It 
is difficult for myself, speaking now entirely from a personal 
standpoint, to appreciate that so many years have intervened 
since I was initiated into the mysteries of Phi Delta Theta, 
at the hour at which I am now speaking. And I can only 
appreciate the fact by an examination of the calendar and 
by looking into the faces of those whom I met so many years 
ago, finding that there are a few crow's-feet gathering 
around the corners of their eyes, and a few threads of white 
sprinkled here and there in locks that were free from them 
eighteen, twenty and even twenty-nine years ago. 

We are also reminded of the age of our fraternity in more 
ways than one. We are reminded by the hoary locks of our 
beloved founder. We are reminded by the giant strides 
and forward march of Phi Delta Theta in the world. And 
we remember that, beginning as she did fifty years ago at 
Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, with one chapter, the be- 
ginning point, the Alpha of our life, our institution has 
gone forward, gathering strength in every fiber of her being, 
becoming stronger and more erect, until to-day she is the 
empress of college fraternities [cheers] . 

It is not my intention to occupy your time — I was to per- 
form merely the functions of a toastmaster — but it gives 
me pleasure to meet you upon this occasion, which revives 
many pleasant recollections in my own mind and takes me 
back to 1873, when I first had the pleasure of attending a 
convention of Phi Delta Theta. There are none of the 
faces present to-night that were present then, but while I 
miss them, I am greeted by a multiplied number of faces, 
just as genial, just as bright, and of which I am just as fond. 

I presume it will be in order for me to read to you a few 
telegrams we have received from members who were ex- 
pected to be present, but in the last hour were disappointed. 
Here is one from my old friend, Hilt. Brown. I am afraid 
he is trying to work off on us the same thing that he has 
been working off on us for the last five or six years when he 
was not able to attend. * Twins at home prevent my attend- 
ing convention* [great laughter] . He does not say whether 
they are the same old twins, or a new set. 'Nothing else 
would keep me away' [cries of 'that's right'] . 


The toastmaster then read telegrams from Harry Weid- 
ner, Miami, '89, F. Wm. Rane, Ohio State, *91, and others. 

The Toastmaster — The first toast on the evening's pro- 
gram will be responded to by James Clark Moore, Jr., Penn- 
sylvania, '93. Brothers, he needs no introduction from me. 
He has distinguished himself as a member of our order, and 
to him has been assigned the pleasing subject of *Our Semi- 

Brother Moore— Brother Phis and Toastmaster: 

I could not understand why I had been assigned to this toast, and 
telegraphed Brother Brown asking him to get some one else to respond 
to it, until this afternoon, when he explained to me in his very genial 
manner that they needed some one to pave the way for the better 
speakers [laughter]. As that is my position, I suppose I ought to be 
a little careful about stealing any thunder. Brother Swope objected 
this afternoon to his thunder being stolen by others, and as he is down 
on the toast list for a response to-night, I am afraid if I steal any of 
his thunder he will give us another talk on song-books [laughter]. 

I was just thinking while sitting here to-night, brothers, that it has 
been about nine years since I entered college. At that time I was 
about the greenest man that ever got inside [laughter]. I was as in- 
nocent, in fact, as the small boy who was seen wandering among the 
children's graves in the cemetery eating green apples and singing 
'Nearer, My God, to Thee' [renewed laughter and cheering]. Fortu- 
nately, I was taken into the fraternity, and I consider to-night that I 
am particularly fortunate in being able to be present at this celebra- 
tion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Phi Delta Theta. 

It is a fraternity of which we may all well be proud. Think of it, 
my brothers, a fraternity which was organized fifty years ago, has 
withstood the tests of half a century, and is getting stronger every 
day; a fraternity with ten thousand members. Of that number pos- 
sibly two thousand have reached the age when men become well 
known, become famous if they are to become famous. Of the two 
thousand, speaking approximately, we have had a president of the 
United States, a vice-president, a secretary of state, a secretary of 
the interior, a postmaster-general and other men prominent in po- 
litical and other walks of life too numerous to mention. I say, my 
brothers, that is a remarkable record for any organization, and I do 
not believe there is any organization in this country to-day, or in any 
other country', that can show such a record, and I think it is highly 
gratifying to us to be able to look back on the record Phi Delta Tneta 
has been making during the last fifty years. It is another source of 
gratification that we are able to have with us two of our founders. It 
is fortunate for a man to be able to be present and see the point that 
an organization has reached which he founded fifty years ago, and it 
is fortunate for us, as members, to see the man who founded the fra- 
ternity still taking an active interest in it. 

I think we are doing the right thing in this con vention in reorganiz- 
ing our methods of government, adopting a new constitution, and 
making our system as perfect as possible. There is nothing that we 
need so much as thorough system, if we are going to advance in years 
to come, and I feel sure we are. They tell a story down our way of a 
Jew peddler who went to sell suspenders to a mercantile establish- 
ment which happened to be up on the second floor of the building. 


The Jew went in and went up to one of the members of the firm who 
was sitting at his desk, and said * Suspenders, gentleman ?' And the 
man did not pay any attention. ' Suspenders, gentleman ?' He did 
not say anything. The man still persisted in trying to sell suspenders. 
The member of the firm got up and took him by the collar and shoved 
him out on the landing of the stairway. The junior partner happened 
to be coming in at that time and saw what was happening. He did 
not know just what it meant, but he seized the peddler and threw 
him downstairs. The porter who was at the bottom of the stairs then 
grabbed him and kicked him out into the street. The Jew gathered 
himself up and sat on the curb, and looking up at the building, said : 
* Holy Moses, what a system !' [Great laughter and applause.] 

Now what we want is system— a system in our fraternity forgetting 
a man in the order, rather than getting him out. We want a man on 
every landing to grab him just as soon as the other fellow lets go, 
and if he is a good man, we do not want to lose him until he is m, 
and we want to have a good system all the way through. Organiza- 
tions of this kind are not like men that live to a certain age. A great 
many of us only live to the age of fifty years. Here is an organiza- 
tion increasing in strength; increasing in influence every year, and I 
thoroughly believe that it is going to continue to prosper and increase 
throughout all time. [Great applause.] 

I do not know that I can add anything further, brothers, but sug^ 
gest that we give the old Phi Delta Theta yell. Are you ready ? [The 
yell was heartily given.] 

The Toastmaster: The response to the toast 'Our 
Semi-Centenniar is naturally suggestive of the presence of 
two of our founders. I regret very much to be compelled 
to say that one of the three survivors can not be present to- 
night, but two of them are here in the persons of Brother 
Morrison and Brother Ltndley. I shall ask them to respond 
in their own way. I first present to you our honored founder. 
Brother Robert Morrison, D.D. , Mia?ni,'iS) [great applause] . 

Brother Morrison: Mr. Toastmaster and brother Phis, older 
brothers and younger brothers: 

After fifty years* membership in our order, I greet you. We are 
here to-night on the semi-centennial anniversary of the founding of 
the order. It is a memorable day, of course, our golden jubilee. I 
suppose I am the oldest Phi; certainly I am the oldest of those yet 
living who instituted the order fifty years ago. The great majority of 
you still have the energy of early life, and the bloom of youth on your 
brows. But I realize very well that, not only shall I never see the 
centennial, but that many of you will not live till then, though a 
great many more, when God multiplies the number, will see that day. 
While I am old, yet I can say in some sense with one of Shakespeare's 

Though I look old, yet I am strong and lusty; 

For in my youth I never did apply 

Hot and rebellious liquors in my blood; 

Nor did not with uubashful forehead woo 

The means of weakness and debility; 

Therefore my age is as a lusty winter, 

Frosty, but kindly. 

I have listened with a great deal of pleasure to some things that have 
been prefaced to the talking which were not very common in the early 
days of my brother and myself — the songs about the hole in the hot- 


torn of the sea, the yells that were emphasized so much — I have en- 
joyed them. They have been new to me in a good many ways; I was 
bom and got through college before they came into fashion, and I 
have patiently, and I may say gladly, listened to them. 

Now, you will indulge an old man who does not feel as old some- 
times as he looks, because for one reason I have been associated all 
my life with young men, and been in touch with young men, and 
like to mingle with them; consequently I have not got old as I should 
if I had been altogether among old men all the time. There is a man 
in St. Louis who is a patriarch, though he is a younger man than I. 
'Why,* he says, *I thought you were an old man sometime . ago, but 
such fellows as you never do grow old; you live among young men 
so much you forget that you are not young.* It helps a man to be 
young, to be amongst young men. Coleridge says in his Moral Phi- 
losophy, 'We can regulate youth and age and have the best results 
from both in our work.* 

I feel ver}* gravely embarrassed, more embarrassed just now than 
ever before, perhaps, in taxing the patience of my friends, but I know 
that no men would likely be more patient with an ancient Phi than 
my young brothers. Therefore, I shall ask your indulgence for the 
one time in saying more than I should say under other circumstances. 
So I shall take it for granted, and load my gun and fire it off. Prob- 
ably it don't make any more noise than we have had for a little while. 

Brother Morrison then read the following paper : 

I am glad to meet you, brothers, on this festal occasion to com- 
memorate the founding and early history of our order. 

Thanks to divine providence for its allwise, beneficent guidance, 
not only in the launching of the good ship Phi Delta Theta, but 
during the storms when sailing was dangerous, or when shoals and 
rocks beset the way, we have safely reached a grand haven in this 
good hour. 

Let us look back, a little more than fifty years ago, at things as 
they were at Miami University. 

It was a guiet New Year's day in 1848. The Alpha Delta Phi 
fraternity had weathered the storm which President Junkin had sent 
upon them. They numbered then at college five men. The Betas 
had six. Some worthy men there were in both fraternities. The 
total number in attendance at the university was not large. 

Was there any need of another fraternity? Were the principles 
that should include fraternity life all exhausted or already in use.^ It 
seemed to some of us that there was room for one more, provided it 
were founded upon a different basis from the foundations that, we 
understood, characterized the two fraternities referred to. 

And we further thought that there was some good material nigh at 
hand, and possibly available. 

I am not about to try to furnish to you all an up-to-date, complete 
set of reasons to justify the organization of a new fraternity; I will 
simply state how the matter appeared to the mind of one man when 
all the fraternities were new things, at least in Miami. 

While every man by his birth has an individual existence, he is also 
born a member of a society, of at least three persons. He needs the 
loving, gentle care of others, and his relation to his most intimate 
society insures that attention. The young new-comer will not have 
looked around for many years until he finds himself a part of a vast 
net-work in some way touching every individual of the race, and so to 


be helped and to be helpful to others are not only essential conditions 
of our happiness, but of our existence as well. 

Then the question that concerns every one is, how can this duty 
be best discharged ? How can happiness and usefulness be secured in 
the highest degree? The answer in the line of life's best enjoyment is 
found in the inspired teacher's utterance — that * It is more blessed to 
give than to receive. ' 

An instructive and interesting lesson is found in the beautiful story 
of the friendship of David and Jonathan. They were two noble and 
gifted, God-fearing young men. They plighted their troth to be 
helpful and true to each other in time of difficulty or danger. They 
formed a secret society and were all the more helpful to each other 
because of that secrecy. For such a brotherhood, characterized by 
such high principles, it seemed to me that there ought to be room, 
and that the world then needed such workers in greater numbers than 
it did even three thousand years ago. 

A great and wonderful opening at Miami soon occurred which made 
a field for <& A 9 to enter such as few fraternities ever found. To this 
historical chapter never before written, so far as I am aware, do I now 
mvite your attention. 

Though but in fable, it is pleasant to think of the goddess of wis- 
dom as ready without a long period of delay for instruction and train- 
ing to go forth at once to enlighten and to bless the world. 

So, without any parade or flourish of trumpets, Miami University 
began her work in a very quiet way in 1824. In 182(5 she sent forth 
her first representatives — twelve well educated, earnest men who were 
ever after proud to call her abna mater. Year after year a faithful 
n>und of work was done, and other brave men went forth to min- 
gle in the battle of life. In 1834 there were nine men who took a 
post-graduate course, representing Ohio, Kentucky and South Caro- 
lina. There were also twenty-two graduates. There were in the A. B. 
department in college 130 men, with a total of 238. In 1841, which 
was the last year of Dr. Bishop's administration, there were twenty-six 
graduates, making a total of alumni in the sixteen years of his work 
of 305 ; besides nearly as many more who were not graduates, though, 
as years went by, the proportion was not so great. 

Rev. Geo. Junkin, D. D., president of Lafayette College, Pennsyl- 
vania, succeeded Dr. Bishop, and was president three years. His first 
^^raduating class, of course gathered by Dr. Bishop, numbered thirty. 
The next two were eighteen and thirteen, respectively. Dr. Junkin 
had trouble with the Society of Inquiry and the Alpha Delta Phi fra- 
ternity. His administration could hardly be said to be a popular or 
successful one. 

The third president was Rev. Erasmus Darwin McMaster, D. D. 
His name is on the diplomas of the five graduating classes of '45 to '49, 
inclusive. His '45 class, his first, the one gathered by Dr. Junkin, 
was his largest one. It numbered twenty -seven. The '46 class num- 
bered eighteen ; that of '47, but eleven. The first session of the *48 
class found it on New Year's day numbering twenty. 

All seemed then peaceful and serene. No signs were there in the 
heavens above or in the earth or sea below ot any storm or trouble. 
But who can tell what changes a day may bring forth ! On Wednes- 
day evening, January 13, after prayer-meeting at the church in town 
"was over, some students who had been there, before they parted for 
the night, stood on the steps of the main college building. As the 
breather was warm and the snow deep and soft and in good condition 
to roll in great balls, someone said : ' Before we go to our rooms, let's 



roll up a ball or two. * So very soon a great ball, some six feet in diam- 
eter, put in an appearance. Then some one said, ' Why not roll it 
into the halls of the college and bar the entrance doors to the chapel? ' 
'Agreed,* said two or three; so without delay, at it they went. A pole 
some ten feet long happened to be near at hand and was thrust throogh 
the heart of the huge wheel, and it was easily rolled where it was 
wanted. It took but little time to wheel a good many other balls into 
the halls, so that the doors were pretty fairly blocked by the snow. 
A rope something like an old bedcord was hunted up s^nd brought for 
use, and after the barring of the doors was complete an exit was made 
through a second story window by means of the rope, which was left 
dangling in the air. 

One of the professors, when he saw the rope as he passed by, going 
to chapel in the morning, and found no way open through the ooors, 
laughed and said, * They were not much in earnest in keeping us out, 
or they would not have left their rope hanging there. * Of course. 
Job, the colored janitor, had no great diflficulty, sailor-like, in climb- 
ing the rope, and opening the doors, but it caused chapel services to 
be a little late that morning. 

It was customary for the president, in those days, to lead in con- 
ducting those services, and it was noticed that though outwardly calm 
he was somewhat excited, with lips a little tighter closed than usual. 
He emphatically spoke of the barring out as a great outrage, and went 
on to say that the faculty would get the names of the guilty persons 
and expel them, and thus have a * decent college.* 

As to the affair being an outrage, one of the prayer-meeting party, 
who was dismissed from college for participating in it, but who now 
is an eminent and useful D. D., coolly looking over the fifty years 
gone by, writes : * It was a mere escapade, a piece of fun without any 
malice or evil intent, and had it been so regarded, and treated with a 
little tact, would have blown over.' Another of the class of *48, now 
a preacher, a D. D. and an eminent educator, speaks of the affair in 
the same way. 

Other students who had not been in the prayer-meeting band on 
Wednesday night, when they heard such threats as those, were indig- 
nant that some of the most orderly and best students should be visited 
with the most disgraceful of college penalties, without any intent to 
do wrong. 

Thursday night the weather was still mild and the snow slowly 
melting. It was a tempting time to mischief-makers. There was then 
organization and plan. Things were to be more thoroughly done; 
doors more securely barred and no rope left hanging loose from a 
second-story window. Some of the Wednesday night men joined in 
to help, as they said they might as well be hung for an old sheep as a 
lamb. Near at hand was a lot of cord wood four feet long — the kind of 
fuel used in college in those days. That was carried in and banked well 
against the doors, and some old stoves found were used as barricades. 
The window was duly fastened and no rope left in sight. The univer- 
sity has around it a beautiful campus of fifty-six acres, and no college 
officer lived within its precincts. Most of the students roomed in 
two large dormitories adjacent to the main college building, which 
was the scene of the great barricade. Additional to the snow and wood 
work, some two or three students who had been expelled for good 
cause were still hanging about town, and so they thought it a good 
time to get in a little of their work. Theirs was a separate job. It 
was taking down the college bell and throwing it into a well. 

It goes without saying that there were no chapel services on Friday 


morning. It was a serious business to clear the halls and open the 
doors, but it was done at last with an ax through Professor McArthur's 
room, and the faculty entered. An east room upstairs was occupied by 
them as a court-room, and there students one by one were summoned 
for examination or trial. Some two weeks were thus employed, dur- 
ing which time there was little recitation and less study, and as the 
weather was cold, the cordwood near at hand was utilized in making 
a bi^ fire every day just east on the campus and near the outer door 
leading to the court-room. When a boy went up to answer a stun- 
mons, the students cheered him, and if he came down suspended or 
dismissed they carried him for a distance on their shoulders and 
cheered three times. 

The court consisted of Dr. McMaster, the president. He was the 
executive of the faculty and practically the faculty in this business. 

He was the prosecutme attorney, jury and judge as well. His was 
a striking figure. His Form was perfectly erect. He was six feet, 
two inches high, with lower limbs unusually long, supporting a short 
body seemingly upside down, a very short neck, with head looking as 
if set on his body, between his shoulders. He had a sallow complexion, 
a nose rather handsome and slightly aquiline, a piercing eye and an 
ever-beardless face. The general expression of his countenance was 
grave and solemn. His scholarship was accurate and profound. He 
was a splendid logician, and while he had the courage of his convic- 
tions, he was not very patient with those who differed from him. His 
laws were made of cast-iron. He knew much and well about books 
and was well qualified as a teacher, but as a governor of men not so 
competent as many others who were inferior to him in mental ability. 
He tnought with threats he could force one student to be an informer 
on another; he seemed to think every man guilty that could not prove 
himself innocent or disavow such proceedings. 

A Mr. Clarkson, from Kentucky, a fairly good student, but in irregu- 
lar studies, was called. Dr. M. asked, 'Were you in this business on 
the 14th?* *No, sir,' he replied; 'I could not have been even if I had 
wanted to, for I was sick.* Dr. M. then asked, 'Mr. Clarkson, if you 
had not been sick, would you have been in it ? ' Mr. C. replied, 'I don*t 
know what I might have done in that case.* Dr. M. promptly an- 
swered, 'Mr. Clarkson, you are suspended for fifteen days. ' Professor 
Mofifat, the Latin professor, here interposed, 'Mr. President, Mr. 
Clarkson has always been a good student and well behaved; make 
the sentence as light as possible.' Dr. M. replied, 'Let it stand at 
fifteen days, Mr. Clarkson.' Mr. C. replied, 'Mr. President, just 
make it final,* and bowed himself out, took his books and went home. 
On the way he stopped at Cincinnati. Hon. S. P. Chase asked him 
why he left college. When Mr. Clarkson told him, Mr. Chase made 
no reply. 

I was among the first that were called. I was asked, 'Were you in 
this business?* I replied, 'No.' I was then asked, 'Do you know 
anything about it?' I replied, 'Nothing definitely.' I had no per- 
sonal knowledge in the matter. Dr. M. then asked, 'Was any one in 
your store that night?' I answered, 'Yes.' He asked, 'Who?' I 
answered, 'David McDill.' Dr. M. inquired, 'What time did he 
leave?* I answered, 'About nine o'clock.' The next question was, 
•What way did he go? * The answer was, 'Toward home. ' 

David McDill and I were then juniors and, of course, classmates. He 
was a model young man every way. I never dreamed that I had said 
anjrthing to his injury. He was, however, very promptly sent for and 
asked if as he went home that evening he saw any disorder on the 


cunpos^ He said tltat he did. He was asked if he recognized any 
oe the stadents thas en g a g e d . He replied, as was understood, that he 
did. He was then asked * if he knew anything as to who the parties 
wve. * He replied that from a oonTersation with some of the hoys, 
he ssppckaed be did. Mr. McDill was then asked to name them. 
This he declined to do. Dr. M. then instantly threatened that if he 
persisted in r^ixsing to testify he would be treated as a guilty person 
himself. Dr. M. then visited Mr. McDill *s father, and asked him 
to compel his son. not then of age, to name those parties. This 
the fatlKT declined to do. Then the jroong man was called before the 
facility and addressed thus: ' We are of the opinion that you well de- 
serre the highest penalty the faculty can inflict, but owin^ to your 
youth and inexperience and because your father has taken sides with 
you in this matter we will deal with you as leniently as we can. Yon 
are su^Knded for contumacy until you shall see and confess your 
error. ' The * contumacy * was simply a refusal to turn informer on his 

I have mentioned these instances quite fully because they were 
sample cases. When such men as McDill were suspended or dis- 
missed, the faculty were regarded by other students as dealing un- 
fairly with some of the best students of the college. The real guilty 
ones, except the bell stealers, wrote out a confession and acknowledg- 
ment and signed their names, asking that no one should be censured 
for not informing on them. Their names were signed in a * round 
robin.* This act was regarded as a bravado or defiance, and they 
were summarily dismissed, and other colleges were warned not to 
allow them an entrance within their walls. 

The end then came to this business. The campus fire died out and 

* Order reigned in Warsaw.* 

The students then secured the services of a brass band, and marched 
the students who were suspended and dismissed in triumph to the 
town. It was a sad dav for old Miami, but * it is a bad wind that blows 
no good to anyone. * as we shall see by and by. 

Ihiring the time of trial before the faculty, Professor McArthur, the 
Greek professor, pleaded for a remission in whole or in part of some 
of the penalties bestowed by Dr. McMaster. Some of the students 
showed their appreciation of this kindness by presenting him with a 
pair of gold spectacles. 

Dr. McMaster regarded that incident as another evidence of the 
perversity of the actors of ' the great snow-ball rebellion,* and his 
politeness toward Professor Mc.\rthur was quite formal for some time 

In spite of the warnings sent to the various colleges of the land. 
Rev. Dr. J. C. Young, president of Centre College (Ky.), when he 
had learned the facts in the case, threw the doors of Centre College 
-wide-open and welcomed suspended and dismissed students from 
Miami, receiving them into the same classes they were in at Oxford. 

A classmate entered Centre College in the last half of the junior 
year, and then concluding to go to Yale took a letter of dismission 
from President Young, and when he made his application to President 
Woolsey was asked where he had studied. As he had been longest at 
Oxford, he answered, 'Miami University.' Dr. Woolsey then said, 

• We feel bound to observe a comity with that institution and if you 
are one whom Dr. McMaster censured, we can not take you.* * Oh ! 
but, ' said the young applicant, ' I come now from Centre College, with 
Dr. Young's recommendation.' Hastily crossing the room and hold- 
ing out his hand, Dr. Woolsey said, * I welcome you, Mr. H.' So he 


was received after an easy examination and passed ad eundetn gradufn 
to the senior class and graduated there as soon as if he had staid at 
Miami. Including the suspended, dismissed and sympathizers, all 
the Betas left, but two, and they went at the end of the college year. 
All the members of the A A 4> fraternity left on account of this 
trouble but one, and he staid away because of a young woman in 

So the fraternity coast was clear and no member was there to call 
any such roll at the beginning of the college year of 1848-'49. They 
all disappeared when the '48 class graduated in August. Was there 
not then room for a new fraternity ? It was in the last month of that 
eventful year that the fraternity was born whose semi-centennial we 
are celebrating here to-night. 

As the wisdom and propriety of such an organization had been the 
subject of reflection for some time, I one day said to my friend and 
classmate, John McMillan Wilson : ' Suppose we form and start a 
Greek letter society. * Said he, * All right ; you go ahead and get 
things in shape and I will help you to put things through. ' Accord- 
ingly, I set to determine upon a motto, which from its initials should 
give name to the fraternity. It seemed appropriate that they should 
be three Greek words, each important, together forming a climax and 
a significant and essential idea of the character of the fraternity. It 
was no trouble to find a word that suited the idea sought in the first 
letter. A good Greek word suiting to the second cost but little more. 
The third word did not come so easily at call, yet it was regarded 
as the most important in making the complete sense of the sentence 
desired. After, however, a considerable examination of Greek dic- 
tionaries, grammars and compound words was made, a Greek word 
expressing the idea wanted was coined. It may be stated, as of 
some interest, that the very word, in an abbreviated form, was after- 
wards found as used by an author of high repute in the Greek world. 
In this inquiry no help was obtained from any knowledge furnished 
by or from the fraternities of the past. Philosophy could, we thought, 
be hardly a sufficient guide for life, as 'twas said was the motto of the 
<& B K, nor did we believe that a bond merely because it was secret 
was the dearest or best, as it was claimed to be the motto of A A 4>. 
As to the motto of B 9 n, as reported, it seemed to us a jumble of 
Greek words chosen because they happened to have suitable initial 

The most important and difficult of all the preparatory work was 
the writing of the Bond. To do this I called in Wilson to help. 
Above where it was to be written we put the motto, and we gave our 
most earnest thought and care to bring harmony, expression and ex- 
|>ansion to those three words as the only unalterable instrument of the 

And now looking back over these fifty years so filled with great and 
■wonderful things, more magnificent perhaps than those of any other 
half century of the Christian era — while the existence and growth and 
usefulness of * A is certainly not the greatest of these great things, 
■who will undertake to say it is the least? 

It seemed to be a little thing to do what six plain but earnest men 
did fifty years ago. The planting of an acorn or a branch of a banyan 
tree may be a small work, but the results may be a blessing to many 
in the march of a^es. Who were these founders? 

They were six in, number, each born and reared on a farm. They 
vere early made acquainted with hard working and plain living, but 
were in no wise injured thereby. They went from different counties 


in Ohio, and five of them were bom in that state, the other in Penn- 
sylvania. They were plain, earnest men ; not one of them was a genios. 
Nor was there a crank in the number ; their heads were all as level 
and their judgments as cool and correct as the average of good com- 
mon-sense men. They were not boys. They were men of mature 
minds and established principles. They were not dyspeptics. Whether 
they had each mens sana or not, they had everyone a mind in corpore 
sano. They were not soured at the world, as the world had never 
treated them badly, as they thought. They were all professors of 
religion, though in three denominations. They were cheerful and 
companionable people. At the time of the fraternity's organization, 
two were seniors, two were juniors and two were sophomores. In 
scholarship they were all above the average of good students. 

Two, the eldest of the six, the Roberts — Robert Thompson Drake 
and Robert Morrison — became Presbyterian preachers. Ardivan 
Walker Rodgers died in the course of a very broad and thorough 
preparation for that ofl5ce. While Robert Drake's work seemed, tor 
a short life, well rounded up and complete, with Rodgers and Wilson 
the case was somewhat different. A pure marble memorial shaft, 
abruptly broken off a little above its beginning, seemed well to repre- 
sent their lives, but their work was well done. The old Hebrews say 
that God likes adverbs. He likes to say of a long or short work, 
not, * your work is done, ' but * it is well done. ' 

John Wolfe Lindley became teacher, professor and president in col- 
leges, and is now living in a serene and useful old age as justice of the 
peace on the farm on which he was born. Colonel Andrew Watts 
Rogers has had a useful and quiet life as an attorney. During the 
great war of 'til-'Go he was a fighting colonel of the 81st regiment 
of Illinois volunteers. 

Three have left us: Rodgers, in 1856; Wilson, in 1873; Drake, in 
1874. The shadows are lengthening fast to those three yet with you. 
Soon none of us will meet in your pleasant company any more. We 
have enjoyed our Phi life, and thank God for it, and we will trust 
him for the future. 

It has often been sagely remarked that we founders, *builded wiser 
than we knew.* That is no doubt true, and the reason of the success 
that followed was that 

'God had made divinely real 
The highest form of our ideal.* 

The Germans have a saying that God and one man is a majority. I 
think it is also true that one man with God by his side is a quorum 
for business, and successful business every time. Each generation 
has its own peculiar work to do, and if its men build as wisely as they 
know, they will be credited by the next generation as building wiser 
than they knew, and each generation's work ought to be grander and 
better than that of the one before. 

The elder Silliman at Yale had a gifted son who was also professor 
in his father's lifetime. One day some thoughtful friend undertook 
to comfort the senior by telling him that his son*s work showed a 
broader view than his. The reply was: * It ought to be so, for he is 
standing on my shoulders.* 

Your horizon, my brothers, ought to be wider than that of the plod- 
ders who only laid the foundations. See that you do greater, better 
work for your generation than we have done. We are not jealous of 
you. We are ^lad and proud that we have such successors. Go on 
and rear a glonous superstructure that will be more and more beauti- 
ful and useful as the ages unfold the destiny of men [applause] 


The To astm aster : I next present a fellow- traveler 
with Brother Morrison, Brother John Wolfe Lindley, Mi- 
ami, '50. 

Brothbr L1NDI.EY : Mr. Toastmaster and brother Phis : 
It is unnecessary for me to express my great feeling of pleasure in 
meeting with you on this memorable occasion. The tone of my voice 
indicates the feeling^s of my heart. You know that I enjoy and ap- 

freciate this greatest privilege I have experienced for years. While 
am the youngest member of the six founders of the Phi Delta Theta, 
I have passed over three-score years and ten, but, like Brother Morri- 
son, I still claim to be young. Not quite in the way that he maintains 
his youth ; he mingled with young men, while I, in my early life, 
was thrown into the society of young ladies. For many years I had 
charge of female schools, and, consequently did not know anything 
about the society of men, and I must confess that after I quit teach- 
ing and got out among men, I felt as awkward as the young man feels 
when he goes into the society of young ladies for the first time. I do 
not know that I have really gotten over that feeling yet. 

I should like just for a few moments to allude to some things that 
Brother Morrison has referred to. Although what he has said about 
our old friend. Dr. McMaster, is true, yet I want, in the first place, 
to make some apologies for my old friend. Strange to say. Dr. Mc- 
Master and I were intimate friends, and I suppose just because we 
were so much the reverse — so contrary one to the other. He has been 
well described to you by Brother Morrison, but I think the secret of 
his want of success lay simply in the fact that he did not understand 
boys. Dr. McMaster was never a boy himself, in the true sense of 
the word, and he had no kind of use for a bo^ that he thought was not 
prompted by motives of integrity and uprightness. Dr. McMaster 
was a man of very sarcastic tendencies and expressions. 

Let me illustrate, and by the way, I had the reputation when I was 
in college of planning the mischief and getting the other boys to work 
it out [laughter]. One day, or one night, rather, the boys did a thing 
that perhaps was not justifiable and was not very nice. They drove 
twenty-three cows off the green pasture into the chapel and shut them 
up there over night. The next morning we went into chapel for prayers 
[cries of * louder ']. Excuse me, brothers ; I don't believe I can be heard 
over the hall, but I will do the best I can. The next morning, as I 
said, we were all called into chapel as usual. Dr. McMasters did not 
say a word, and you would not have supposed that he knew anything 
about what had occurred, but after prayers and just before we were 
dismissed, he referred to the condition of affairs, and just remarked 
that it showed what kind of mothers and sisters we had. That is a 
good illustration of the character of Dr. McMaster*s sarcasm and in- 
sinuation, and of course as a result he hadn't many friends among 
the boys. 

I said in the outset that this was a joyous occasion for nie, but 
Brother Morrison has alluded to another fact, it is also one of exceed- 
ing sorrow. While we celebrate the semi-centennial anniversary of 
our organization, founded by six young men who were closely united, 
perhaps as closely as six young men ever were, we are brought to the 
realization of the fact that three of us have passed to the chapter 
grand, and only three remain, but two of whom are permitted to meet 
with us to-night. I had fondly hoped that our third remaining 
brother, Col. Andrew Watts Rogers, of Missouri, would be here. I 


have not met Brother Rogers since we left college. He and I, I think, 
were as intimate friends as there were in college, and I should have 
been happy to meet him here to-night. 

In regard to what occurred before the founding of our society, 
Biother Morrison has very ably and very extensively given you its 
histocy. But I wish to allude to some things in connection with the 
fovmding of the society. I read in some Phi literature not long ago 
aometfaing like this— that there was no doubt of the morality of the 
vqQQg men who founded Phi Delta Theta, and of those who were 
onM^it into the society during its earlier life, but there was an in- 
nnnation that we were not the best talent that might have been 
obtained. In regard to morality, I have just this to say; that all six 
of tlicte men were members of church; four of us were members of 
the PKesbyterian church, one of the Associate Reformed church, and 
one of what we then called the Seceders' church. Three of these 
men became ministers of the gospel. Brother Morrison still lives to 
r e p r caen t one of these three; and by the way, I may remark just here 
that after Dr. McMaster left college and I had graduated, they tried 
to set me to go to New Albany Seminary to study theology, but Dr. 
AnoeiBon called the class together one day and very kindly informed 
aa that he would like for all of us to study theology but did not want 
any $150 preachers out of us. So, I concluded I would not study 

In regard to the mental caliber of our men, I will allude only to the 
ability with which all that were concerned in the foundation of the 
society performed their work, and the sagacity with which it was 
caiTied ont. You have the Bond, which I regard as almost perfect, 
showiflig the ability of those who formulated that Bond. You see 
to-dfly the cs£Pects of the commencement of our work in the growth of 
onr eociety, which is now scattered all over this grand country. You 
represent here to-night ten thousand members, and Brother Morrison 
and I in our memories reach 'way back to fifty years ago when there 
were cmly six of us. It is not necessary that I should mention those 
who were connected with the earlier lile of the society. Our history 
shows the character of the men who laid out and worked out the 
plana upon which our organization was based. 

In regard to the possibility of the society being merely local and 
only temporary — a matter to which Brother Morrison has alluded — 
subeequent events have shown that that certainly could not have been 
entertained by us for a moment. I will give you one instance to show 
that wc had no such idea as that. Very shortly after the organization 
of the society — the next vacation — I went home to Knox county. I 
I lived near Kenyon College. My brother and another man who was 
afterwards my brother-in-law were members of the senior class. I 
was appointed by the society at Miami to secure those men, if possi- 
ble, with the view of placing a chapter in Kenyon College, and 1 was 
famished with a copy of the Bond and constitution to give to them. 
I went and secured those men, and, as it has been so long ago, I have 
forgotten just why a chapter was not organized there at that time. I 
think, however, it was because those two men were in the senior class 
and graduated, and went out of college before they had an opportun- 
ity of perfecting any organization. Another idea which I think is 
correct, is that at that time the Kenyon faculty were opposed to secret 
Societies. That, however, is sufficient to show that from the very 
start we did not intend that the society should be merely local, or 
temporary. Brother Morrison has given you other instances to the 
Same effect. 


i have nothing more particnlarly to sav. All that occurred after 
that yon have had as a matter of history.' and all are perhaps as fa- 
miliar with it as I am. This is the first time I have ever been per- 
mitted to meet in the national convention, though I have attended 
smaller gatherings of the fraternity. It is onnecessary for me to say 
that I have been more than pleased with all I have seen and heard 
during the sessions of this convention. I am pleased to see Uiat you 
are now amending your constitution, which I think is all right ; it 
shows a live, progressive and healthy condition. There is one thing, 
however, that I have never heard, and never expect to hear you will 
undertake to change or amend or improve upon m any way, and that 
is the grand old Bond that unites us as brothers [great applause]. 
While I am an oid man and hardly expected ever to meet you again, 
I have been so rejuvenated by meeting with you to-night that I now 
think that I shall be able to meet with you again, not in another 
semi-centennial anniversary, but in the next biennial meeting of our 
fraternity [great applause]. 

The To.\stmaster : We have a letter from our third 
surviving founder, which will be read to us by Brother 
Dr. Brown. It is a short production and well worth listen- 
ing; to. 

Dr. John Edwin Brown, Ohio Wesley an ^ *84, then read the 
following communication from Col. Andrew Watts Rogers: 

Warrensbi-rg, Mo., November 18, 1898. 

Dear Brothers — It grieves me more than I can tell not to be 
able to be with you on the great occasion of the celebration of the 
semi-centennial of the founding of our beloved fraternity. I can 
scarcely realize that fifty years have so nearly passed away since Mor- 
rison, Wilson, Lindley, Drake, and ol P67€po< (as the boys used to call 
Ardivan \V. and myself) met and organized the society which from 
that small and humble beginning has become so great in numbers, 
power and influence as we see it to-day. Surely we builded better 
than we knew. We had no idea at that time of future limits or ex- 
tension. The needs of the then present environments seemed to dic- 
tate the organization. The first care was the endeavor to have the 
basic principles correct; to eliminate or prevent as far as possible 
what of evil tendencies we had observed in other similar organizations; 
to set the society properly on its feet; to ^ve it a fair start, and as to 
the future, to 'let chance and time determme.* 

We see what we have now. But what else might we expect com- 
ing from the brains of (to say nothing of the living) such men as 
Wilson, Drake and Ardivan W. Rodgers? Men trained in a school of 
thought which estimated things at their real worth, that made no 
compromise with evil and fostered in them an ambition, the highest 
earthly culmination of which was to be useful to their fellow-men. I 
need say nothing of Brothers Morrison and Lindley. More fortunate 
than I, they, I hope, are with you and can speak if necessary for 
themselves, while I, the humblest of them all, only claim as my full 
meed of reward, to be remembered with them whom you are some- 
times wont to call 'the immortal six.' 

I congratulate the fraternity upon its wonderful growth in num- 
ber and territorial expansion, on its significant power and influence in 
morals, science, art and literature, that it enrolls men of most eminent 
distinction in all the learned professions, and upon the fact that from 


its ranks have been drawn material to fill many, even the most ex- 
alted, positions of responsibility, trust and honor of our beloved gov- 

Surely the Phi Delta Theta can not be set down as a failure; nor 
again as an organization whose tendency is alone to promote and foster 
selfish interests, but rather to excite youthful ambition to that which 
is great in its goodness and good in its greatness. 

Permit me, my dear brothers, to extend to you my hearty greetings 
— my congratulations upon the fact that you are so fortunate as to be 
present at this the celebration of the semi-centennial of the Phi Delta 
Theta. Yours in the Bond, 

Andrew Watts Rogers, Miami, '51. 

The secretary of the general council, Walter R. Brown, 
Minnesota, '89, proposed the following resolution, which was 
unanimously adopted by a rising vote : 

Resolved^ by the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, in national conven- 
tion assembled, that we telegraph to Colonel Andrew Watts Rogers 
our con^atulations, and our regrets at his inability to be present at 
our semi-centennial banquet. 

Dr. John Edwin Brown : Mr. Toastmaster and brother 
Phis: I have three short letters from other early members 
of Miami, and by your leave I will now read them, as it will 
take but a moment : 

Mv Dear Sir — Your letter has been forwarded to me here, and I 
am very sorry to disappoint my brethren of the Phi Delta Theta, but 
it will be absolutely impossible for me to accept the invitation to be 
present at the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding 
of the fraternity. I have been engaged as principal counsel for Vene- 
zuela in the boundary arbitration with Great Britain, and the work 
involved is so great that I have been compelled to decline every invi- 
tation of this kind. I have worked every day all summer, and can 
not now take time for what would be so great a pleasure. Trusting 
that the occasion may prove successful in every way, and assuring you 
of my best wishes for tne prosperity of our beloved fraternity, I am 

Very truly yours in the Bond, 

New York, N. Y. Benjamin Harrison, Miami, '52. 

Dear Sir — I am in receipt of your letter and in reply I regret to 
have to state that it will be impossible for me to accept your kind in- 
vitation to attend the semi-centennial celebration of the founding of 
Phi Delta Theta, to be held in Columbus, Ohio, during Thanksgiv- 
ing week, as I have just returned from a vacation which has exhaust- 
ed all of my available leave of absence for this year. 

It would afford me very great pleasure to attend this anniversary of 
the founding of our fraternity and to meet Bros. Morrison and Lind- 
ley, two of its founders whom I personally knew in college, and also 
to make the acquaintance of others, who, while their juniors in date 
of membership, have the same warm devotion to the interests of the 
society which their seniors have ever manifested. 

We may well be proud of the growth and success of our fraternity, 
^hich from a feeble beginning half a century ago in the dark days of 
• old Miami,' has extended until it now covers this continent from the 


Atlantic to the Pacific and from the lakes to the gulf, and exceeds in 
numbers many of its rivals which can boast of greater age. 

Wishing you a large attendance and a very pleasant meeting, I re- 
main Yours in the Bond, 

John K. Boude, Miami, '52. 

Bureau of Pensions, Washington. D. C. 

Dear Sir— I have delayed replying until I could definitely de- 
termine the question of my being able, as I earnestly desired, to be 
present at the Phi Delta Theta convention next week. 

It is now settled, as I feared, that imperative business engagements 
will positively prevent my presence, and I feel compelled to give up 
all idea of being able to attend. 

With best wishes for the success of the semi-centennial convention, 
believe me Fraternally yours, 

Dayton, Ohio. John N. Stoddard, Miami, *58. 

The Toastmaster : I can hardly imagine anybody con- 
nected with the convention having as much difficulty as I 
have had, not only in remembering the members by names, 
but also in giving them their proper locations. However, 
there are some names so prominent in Phi Delta Theta that 
I can never forget them : Brown, for instance. There has 
been no great scarcity of Smiths ; also, we have had our share 
of Joneses, but the name of Brown has been especially prom- 
inent in this fraternity. One, of Indianapolis, has been pres- 
ident of the general council ; I read a telegram from him 
to night. One, of Minneapolis, is now secretary of the gen- 
eral council, and one, of Columbus, was formerly secretary 
of the general council and for years editor of The Scroll. 
At every convention the question ' Which Brown ? ' is asked 
with great frequency. 

I can not refrain from relating a little incident that oc- 
curred at the railroad station last Sunday afternoon, when 
Brother Dr. J. E. Brown, chairman of the local committee, 
went there to welcome any incoming Phis. Of course, there 
was a great deal of noise in the station, in the way of blow- 
ing of whistles, ringing of bells and the rumbling of trucks 
and other vehicles. Indeed, it is with difficulty that a man 
with the most acute ear can hear distinctly and accurately 
just what is said. 

The train rolled in and from it stepped several Phis, 
among them Brother Palmer. One of them was Brother 
Phetteplace, the delegate from Brown University. Brother 
Palmer introduced the delegates to Dr. Brown. * Brother 
Phetteplace, Brother Brown,' said Brother Palmer. Brother 
Brown extended the right hand of fellowship and blandly 
inquired. ' What place ?' ' Brown,' said Brother Phetteplace. 
' Browti,' exclaimed the doctor, * why, my name is Brown ; 


how are you ? ' A bewildered look overspread the features 
of Brother Phetteplace and then reflected itself on those of 
Brother Brown, as both realized that there was some misun- 
derstanding ; but the confusion in the station was too great 
for easy explanation, and both of them walked away feeling 
that something had been left unsaid. 

In assigning to Brother Frank D. Swope, Hanover, '85, 
the subject next to be discussed — * Kentucky Colonels,* it 
was not the purpose of the committee that all the military 
geniuses of the state of Kentucky bearing that title should 
be spoken of, but we know of no better field in which the 
merits of that reticent and obscure member of the fraternity 
might be displayed on this occasion [applause] . 

[From all parts of the hall members came bearing smilax 
wreaths which had decorated the banquet tables and wound 
them around Brother Swope's neck and over his head. When 
the uproar occasioned by this incident had partially subsid- 
ed, he proceeded :] 

Brother Swope : Gentlemen, brothers, friends and revelers : 

If this were the favorite green product of the state of Kentucky, and 
if I had here the other necessary ingredients, I would cram the whole 
thing down your throats [great laughter] . 

My topic, as announced in a paper this evening, would lead you to 
believe, perhaps, that I was about to speak upon a subject which cer- 
tainly interests me more than any other subject -myself . The subject 
was announced by one of the evening papers as * Kentucky Colonel 
Frank D. Swope * [renewed laughter] . However, I am prevented 
from speaking upon this subject by bearing in mind a little verse 
which I saw in a paper the other day. I am a pretty good hand at 
blowing my own horn, as was insinuated by the worthy toastmaster, 
as well as the horn of the song-book, but this verse put me down com- 

It was as follows : 

A tutor who tooted the flute, 

Tried to teach two young tutors to toot ; 

Said the two to the tutor, 

* Is it harder to toot, or 

To tutor two tutors to toot ? ' [Great laughter.] 

So, although I am a pretty good tooter, yet I am not going to toot 
my own horn this evening [renewed laughter]. Our open motto 
forbids any such procedure. Efs dfi/p ovbeU dvifip, liberally translated, 
means ' a single man is a damned fool ' [great applause and laughter]. 
Naturally, therefore, as I can not put myself in that class, I can not 
talk about myself alone. 

However, there is something very appropriate in asking me in 
Columbus, Ohio, to respond to the subject ot Kentucky colonels. It 
may not occur to any of the residents of Columbus why there is that 
appropriateness; but this is about the thirty-fifth anniversary of an 
'Cvent which concerns some Kentucky colonels very nearly, for about 
thirty-five years ago. locked up in the Ohio state penitentiary, were a 
number of young Kentucky colonels, captains and lieutenants who 


i 'z^ \h^ Cow3Bibc2s penxtoitiarT be 
pcocyXfifi *jj 2 capcjfiacT. After be r«=racd to KexftQckj his 
f rieais anc fccvsacrtasces pr:oote>d h3 to thai pcood title of oolooel, 
wfci'.r bt 'jtsMri *jj t]ris dij. 

A Tcrr wie Ki b j sc t bas bees jjaagu e ii to me — Kectackj Colonels— 
bet I bof^ it wi!I sot ptryre a dij ooe 'Iai^iiter\ TTic state of 
Kexstsr.k J is a verr la?;ge asd nne state. Masr people think that it is 
<»sfii>ed to tbe b^se-^rue. ^x:t I q^sote froo a spec<^ vluch W9S made 
by a jc«:3g lawyer or m j state before a yzry, when he had been twitted 
\fr an opposini: lawyer with being from that district kuowu as the 
b'ar-^rass region. He said : * Gentlemen of the jnry. I am not ashamed 
of the district of this great and gloriocs state from which I come. All 
Kentnckv. gentleniea of the jnry. is divided into five parts. The 
monntains. the bine-grass the b'ar-grmss, the pennrrile and the pnr- 
chase ; bnt the greatest of all is the b'ar-grass* [langhter]. 

Beginning with the moantains, however. I will discuss the state 
fTstematicallv from one end to the other [groans and laughter]. 
Yes, from one end to the other, or until I am requested to stop [re- 
newed groans and laughter, j However. I will sav that soch a request 
will not be noticed unless it is put in writing and handed in at the 
secretary's desk [renewed laughter and applause]. 

John Fox tells an anecdote of his experience in the mountains with 
a mountaineer, as illustrating Kentucky hospitality, and I will say 
that Kentucky hospitality is as high as the mountains of the eastern 
portion and is as long as the tortuous passage of the Ohio that bounds 
It on the north. Mr. Fox was riding in the mountains one day, and 
at dinner time he came to the cabin of one of the natives. Being very 
hungry, he dismounted, and asked if he might stop for dinner. The 
mountaineer assured him he CDuld. When they were seated at the 
table a dish of potatoes was brought in, and it proved to be all tliat 
there was for dinner. The mountaineer, however, was not at all 
embarrassed, but said: 'Stranger, take one of them thar taters I Take 
two of them thar taters I Take three of them thar taters! In fact, 
stranger, take damn nigh all of them thar taters ! * [Great laughter 
and applause]. 

Well, Mr. Toastmaster, since you have introduced me as both reticent 
and obscure, since the company seems so unwilling to hear me discuss 
the state of Kentucky from enri to end, and since the hour grows late, 
and there are yet many brilliant speakers sitting here with their minds 
on their own speeches and not on mine, and their pockets bulging 
with memoranda of jokes, stories and witty sayings, I feel inclined to 
retire to the obscurity whence you have dragged me forth. If the 
next convention should come to Louisville, I snail make it my special 
duty to see that every man forms an acquaintance with Kentucky 
coh)nels that he can remember all his life. The whole-souled hos- 
itality of the Kentucky mountaineer of whom I have spoken is the 
ind that, I promise you, will be extended to you in Louisville in 
10(M) [loud apj)lause, cheers, stamping: of feet, cat calls, cries of ' Louis- 
ville,' ' Swope,' * who swiped Swope ? ' ' What soap does Swope use?* 
and general rioting]. 



The Toastmastkr : As I said in the beginning, we are 
standing to-night at the equator of our first century. Much 
time during our recent session has been devoted to the con- 
templation of things past. As we have gone through the 
past we have constantly been reminded of the future. What 
our horoscope may be will be well defined by Brother Fred- 
erick Samuel Ball, Ohio State, '88. 

Brother Ball : Brother Toastmaster and brother Phis : 
I am neither a prophet, nor a son of a prophet, but any man ac- 
quainted with the past of Phi Delta Theta need not be a prophet to see 
a bright future in store for this fraternity. I believe that throughout 
all ages God has had a plan, and the acme of that plan is perfect man- 
hood. I believe that in the progress of civilization we have reached 
the acme of that plan in the United States of America. I believe that 
God has it in that plan that the Anglo-Saxon race shall dominate this 
world [applause]. And I believe that God has planned such things 
as this great fraternity, his chosen instrument for its creation being 
our venerable founder, our beloved Brother Morrison, whose mind 
conceived and whose hand wrote the Bond of Phi Delta Theta [great 
applause]. The principles upon which our fraternity are founded are 
imperishable. The men who have signed that Bond, and who have 
pledged eternal faith to the principles contained therein, are the best 
that can be found. They are selected, in the first place, from the 
ranks of the best manhood in this country, from the best institutions 
of learning ; and the best men in those institutions, if we make no mis- 
takes, are the men who compose the order of Phi Delta Theta. 

I would have Phi Delta Theta in 1948 be the ideal realization of the 
dream of my boyhood days of what the ancient Greek was. I would 
have him a man perfect in stature; a physically perfect man, if that 
thing be possible. In the members of this fraternity I would have the 
fulfillment of the Bond which we have sworn allegiance to uphold. I 
would have them cultured in every respect; I would have them moral; 
I would have them religious. I would have them turn their backs 
upon those things which tear down manhood, and I would have their 
faces pointed onward and upward. I would have them first and fore- 
most in the march of human progress [applause]. We have as our 
patron goddess Pallas, the goddess of wisdom; and the watchword 
which I give you to-night for the next fifty years shall be the one 
word represented by that patron goddess — the one word 'wisdom.' 
May the future of Phi Delta Theta be carved out in the highest wis- 
dom that God can give to man, and may we in 1948 find in Phi Delta 
Theta the acme of all that is good and all that is noble and all that is 
true in man [applause]. 

The Toastmastkr : We have with us this evening one 
who does not belong to the same class as the founders of our 
fraternity, yet who is so nearly allied to them in age, ex- 
perience and relationships that we can scarcely distinguish 
him from one of the founders. He was with the organiza- 
tion in its early youth, and is with it today. I have the 
pleasure of presenting to you our brother, Dr. Andrew C. 
Kemper, Miami, '53, who will speak upon the subject of 
* The Cradle of Phi Delta Theta— Old Miami. » 


Brother Kemper : Mr. President and brothers : 

I object to being classed with the founders of Phi Delta Theta, be- 
cause I am not so old as that [laughter]. And latterly I have had 
very little experience in rocking cradles, so what I know about cradles 
is very limited. I know that they are made of a great variety of ma- 
terial. I have heard of their being made of gold, of mahogany, of pol- 
ished walnut, of solid oak and of the sugar tree trough. Now, perhaps, 
it was a sugar tree trough in which Phi Delta Theta was cradled at 
Miami [laughter and applause]. But I do not know that the material 
out of which the cradle was made is of such importance as some other of 
the circumstances that might have had an influence upon that young 
chap in the cradle. What was he fed upon? What was his diet: 
What was the atmosphere that he breathed ? What was the horizon 
that bounded the vision of his young eyes, as he first began to use thexn 
and search into the distance beyond him ? 

I can illustrate by pointing you to the Gulf Stream, one of the most 
wonderful things in nature, with its warm waters from the southern 
hemisphere blowing up along the side of the continent, striking the 
headlands of the north and veering off until it makes the Emerald 
Isle. So are there streams of civilization, and one of them started 
from that very Emerald Isle where Scotch-Irish Presbyterianism had 
its birth. There came from thence to this country the Tennetts. 
They were the first of those who came here to preach the gosi)el, the 
gospel of Jesus Christ; there is no other gospel worth mentioning. 
He settled himself in the eastern portion of our country, and built his 
stake-and -rider rail fence about him, and within that enclosure he 
established his home, his school-house, his church, and from that 
plantation came forth the church of America, the schools of America 
and the homes of America, each one of which has a distinct and indi- 
vidual character in and of and by itself. 

Those school-houses came to be known as the log school-houses. 
They spread themselves around through Virginia, by virtue of the 
labors of Gilbert Tennett and his brothers and others of his family, 
and many who joined with him in his ideas. They spread down 
through the valley of the Shenandoah, as well as up the valley of the 
Potomac, and along with them went the church which came to be 
in subsequent years the Presbyterian church in the United States of 
America. The church was a church of the people, by the people and 
for the people. The people were priest, king, prophet. There were none 
between them and their God except the Savior, the mediator — the 
only church that is adapted in its form of government to a free peo- 
ple, every one of whom has the right to worship God according to the 
dictates of his own conscience. 

That log school-house was based upon the idea that religion was at 
the bottom, the solid bottom of all true education. That home was a 
church; that home was a school. There was no primogeniture; cveiv 
man there was the equal of every other. The Bible was the text-book 
of the home, as it was of the church and of the school. It colored all 
the wind, all the waters of that great gulf stream that struck this 
nation, and flowed throuj^h these states westward. Then there came 
about that wonderful legislation, so wonderful that it marks a period 
in the history of mankind, creating the Northwest Territory, which 
seemed as though it was made expressly to open up for this school, 
this church, this home, this great Northwest Territory in which 
you and I are called upon to live and act. 

Brother Morrison, it was that gulf stream that struck old Miami ; 


it was the influence of that gulf stream that created Miami. No col- 
lege has ever succeeded in making strictly first-class citizens which 
was not under the care and direction of men who regarded religion as 
one of the chief things in education ; and that old Miami University 
was under the care and supervision of the strongest minds, the best 
statesmen, the purest christians, under the care of the loveliest mothers 
of this grand western country. It was that that gave to Miami such a 
host of alumni so highly honored — Matthews and McGuffey, Junkin, 
McMaster, Anderson — when shall I cease naming men whom the 
longer we look at, the greater they grow in our estimate of them ? 
That was what made Miami what it was, and the Phi Delta Theta that 
was born there was a legitimately born son of true parents, and could 
not be an3rthing else than they were. No man under the influence of 
that gulf stream of civilization undertaking to found a Greek fraternity 
could do anything else than write the Bond of the Phi Delta Theta 
[applause] . 

Bvery man builds better than he knows if he builds right, because 
God is building for eternity, and every brick that is laid, is laid by 
his hands. Rocked in the cradle ! Think of it ! That was a glori- 
ous cradle, and Old Miami was a glorious place, and may there ever 
be Christian education in this Christian land upon which to found our 
Christian civilization. God speed our nation, and he will solve the 

?roblem without our consent, or discussion. He will send Phi Delta 
heta far away around the earth. I do not know how many Phis 
there are in the Philippine Islands now — I think thirty-seven or thirty- 
eight, more or less. I hear talk of their getting an alumni chapter 
over there, and I hope they may. I am proud to-night to have borne 
a sword up the Tennessee river, through Shiloh and Corinth and Mis- 
sissippi, *round Washington, through Richmond, into New Orleans. I 
am proud to have borne that sword in the true spirit of Phi Delta 
Theta, and I thank God that that sword to-day is in the Philippine 
Islands, defending the stars and stripes, fighting for liberty, not for 
conquest [great applause] . 

I thank you all. I am very glad to be present here to-night, and it 
has given me peculiar pleasure to hear of my boyhood days — my earli- 
est boyhood days. But it took my breath away when they asked me 
to join Phi Delta Theta — it took my breath away. I was ri|jht from 
the farm ; I went up there to old Miami. Morrison was lingering 
around some place, I don't know just where, but he was not far on. 
Brother Andrew Watts Rogers was in the neighborhood, too, and this 
other man from whom you heard the letter read to-night. I knew 
them all. Ben Harrison and I wrangled a little about some unim- 
portant things, and I went out, but the boy that carries the sword 
brought me back again [great applause, followed by three cheers for 
Lieut. James B. Kemper at Manila]. 

The Toastmaster : It was our anticipation we would 
be favored with a poem on the subject of ' Our Semi Cen- 
tennial,' but Brother Abbott is not able to be present this 
evening, and in his place, with the privilege of speaking as 
lie pleases and upon whatsoever subject he chooses, I will 
introduce Brother and Captain George H. English, Jr., Mis- 
souri, *97. 


Brother English: Mr. Toastmaster and brother Phis: 

I was not aware that I should be called upon to address this banquet 
this evening, and I shall not detain you long. I am told to speak 
upon whatsoever topic I choose, and as that is a wide subject, I shall 
make it extremely short. The subject which lies next to my heart, 
which has been brought up particularly by the speech of Brother 
Kemper, and which is suggested to me by the title which I once bore, 
and by which I was introduced to you, is the subject of the part 
played by Phi Delta Theta in the late unpleasantness with Spain. 

About three months ago there sat upon the top of Snodgrasshill, 
in the confines of Chickamauga park, a small but enthusiastic body of 
Phis, who were at that time engaged in fighting, bleeding and dying 
for the benefit of these United States. They fought, bled and died 
entirely within the confines of Chickamauga park, and all of them 
have since returned to the United States, as I understand. In that 
party was Brother Knox, who is here to-night. Brother Gardner 
who is known to many of you, Brother Switzler, myself and numer- 
ous other Phis. They were a body of men who were deeply im- 
bued with the spirit of the Phi Delta Theta, and who showed it even 
under inauspicious circumstances. Other fraternities had held their 
meetings, and Brother Knox decided that our fraternity must be up- 
held, so he instituted a Pan-hellenic banquet, and he had another 
friend come in with him. Those two constituted the Pan-hellenic 
banquet. They brushed off their blue shirts— that is what we called 
washing in the army- shaking them in the wind and then putting" 
them on. Brother Knox did that, and brushed up his uniform and 
went down to the liostlery at Lytle Station and there indulged in a 
water-melon, and came back and told the other boys what a good 
time he had had down there at the Pan-hellenic banquet. 

I could tell a great many things that occurred in the army, but will 
only say here that Phi Delta Theta was represented more strongly 
than any other fraternity, and that its principles were upheld all the 
way through, whether upon the bloody fields of battle, or patiently 
enduring the hardships of camp life. The men were always cheerful, 
ready and willing to be sent to the front, and had circumstances allowed 
it, the banner of Phi Delta Theta would have taken its place beside 
the stars and stripes in the bloody conflict which might have occur- 
red [applause]. 

The Toastm.vster : In 1873, when I attended my first 
convention of Phi Delta Theta, being then a mere stripling 
in years and rather emotional, I was very much aflFected by 
the eloquent words which fell from the lips of Brother Beck- 
with of Georgia. I then felt and then said that one strong 
instrumentality in reconciling the differences between the 
north and the south would be the college fraternities, and 
especially did T believe that to be true of Phi Delta Theta. 
The emotions I then felt were nothing more than a prophecy, 
but I have beheld year by year these differences fading away, 
and at the same time witnessed the growth of the Phi Delta 
Theta both in the north and the south. Seemingly all that 
remained to remove the last vestige of sectionalism was wiped 
out in the magnificent outpouring of patriotism under the 


call of the president for volunteers, to uphold the honor and 
dignity of the United States in its war with Spain [applause] . 
From the day of that presidential call, since that hour, there 
have been no differences between the north and the south. 
And I say that a large instrumentality in bringing about 
the brotherhood of Americans between the north and the 
south is the college fraternities, and among them our own. 
This thought suggests the next subject, * Puritan and Cav- 
alier.* I introduce Daniel Fitts, Jr., Williams, *99, who will 
respond to that toast. 

Brother Fitts : Brother Toastmaster and brother Phis : 

While I consider it a great honor to be permitted to address this 
assembly, I do not think I should take up your time in any lengthy 
address, for no mantle of a Chauncey Depew or a Frank Swope has 
ever fallen on me, and the introduction of our toastmaster is in my 
case a little overdrawn. My remarks on this subject will therefore be 
brief, but there are one or two thoughts which have been suggested 
by our toastmaster, and which I shall dwell upon for a moment. 

The west has always been considered the stronghold of our fra- 
ternity. That is no doubt true, as the west is the birthplace of Phi 
Delta Theta ; but about nineteen years ago, in 1879, Phi Delta Theta 
crossed the Hudson river and planted itself in New England, the first 
chapter there being formed at the University of Vermont. From that 
year the movement in New England has been very rapid. It is true 
that Phi Delta Theta has found a ^reat deal to contend with there, 
being obliged to come in competition with older fraternities, but I 
wish to caution our brothers from the west that one day perhaps they 
can not claim the stronghold of this fraternity, because the New Eng- 
land chapters are seeking to make that section of the country the 
stronghold of Phi Delta Theta. Not exactly the stronghold either, 
but we are seeking to make the fraternity a unit throughout the entire 
country. We wish to make every section a stronghold; not to have 
any one particular place which it can be said is stronger than another. 

Brother Tompkins spoke of the late war with Spain as having been 
very instrumental in wiping out sectionalism. Now, that is what we 
in the east have always looked forward to. The national sentiment is 
a thing that Phi Delta Theta has always aided in bringing about in 
the past, and will continue to do so in years to come. All, of course, 
are desirous to make Phi Delta Theta the strongest, as it is already 
the best college fraternity, everywhere in the United States, and it is 
with this hope that we are all here from the east, the west, the north 
and the south; and when that end is reached, as we expect it to be 
reached soon, I hope that we will all be there to rejoice at the out- 
come of this grand movement [applause] . 

The Toastmaster : I will introduce one whom I am 
pleased to see with us to-night, and who is an exemplifica- 
tion of the patriotism that is to be found in the breast of 
every loyal Phi, Sergeant and Brother Ernest G. Smith, La- 
Jayette, '94, of the regular army. 

Brother Smith : Brother Toastmaster and brothers in the Bond : 

Having for the last few months undergone through the authority of 

the war department a rather uncertain condition 01 affairs with refer- 



to Klitirj ordeciu I sab^Dtto-a^Jktto Aeotderof tlnsfnlcnnty 
rs vitli ref crcace to Ae toast viik2i I am to icspood ta 
In tT^ard to tbe anaj. brotbess ia tiie BocmL I hsre to saj this : I 
was cz^^caeed wbes ii: tbe po^cs of The Scroll I glanced over the 
r^cc«i of Phi Electa Tbeta with l e f e imc e to its *'«ii*»i»^ and higlier 
ocipccis tbaz captains : wiili r e f eresKe to a iniadKr ol fii?t tifenteoaiits, 
for they were masj. and with refcrenoe to second lientenantSy for thej 
were xzias j cxce. Bzt I was scill greatier impressed with r e f ere n oe to 
the zmmber of prirates 12 tbe United States araiT, both r^^olar and 
rotixnteer. their zmnber far exc ee d ing the kst of officers. I am proud 
of that, l»ys : I am prood oc that for the leasoo that every prtrate 
who has goce o:it who has been a Phi Ddta Theta, who has been a 
college-bred man, has giTen up something, has given np more than 
he cares to tell about to becosje eren a prirate in Unde Sam's army. 

The nsniber of privates that Phi Delta Tbeta sent oot in the army 
of the United States showed to me what patriotism existed anxMig thie 
members of this fraternity, and that oar men were willing to gixe np 
anything, everything that pertained to their own sel£sh interests — 
give it up willingly — to this nation. Those who have not seen active 
service any where on the nring line have di^lajred a heroism that is 
second only to the heroism that has been displayed npon the fighting 
line. Every man who went out into the service and who soffeied 
silently in camp, or on the battle field is a hero, and he is a worthy 
hero. There can not be any distinction drawn between the men who 
have seen battles and the men who have not seen battles [applanse]. 

Many of you perhaps have wondered whether or not the sacrifices 
the volunteers and regulars have made for the government have been 
entirely without reward. When at night in the regular service or in 
the volunteer army we heard the regimental band play that grand old 
national hymn, the * Star Spangled Banner.' there came to every one 
in the ranks — I do not care whether a commissioned officer, a non- 
commissioned officer or a private — there came to him a feeling that 
what he had given up to get into the ranks was only a small matter. 
When the evening gun was fired and the flag came down, and at the 
same signal the band began to play, he felt as if he were a better man. 
And so to-night I say that every man in the service was elevated and 
ennobled by the mere fact that he was enlisted, whether as officer or 
private, to fight the battles of his country-, and to defend the flag 
which floats above us and protects us all [great applause]. 

The : When the committee having the 
duty of selecting toasts selected the one which is next in 
order, we little dreamt of its appropriateness, but the one 
who will respond to it is a married man, and as he takes 
that small object in his arras, somewhat red and not very 
expressive at this time, he can truthfully inquire * WTiat's 
your name ? ' But I do not believe the answer will come as 
it is written here. I will introduce Brother Marcus Gaston 
PvVans, Woostcr^ '77 , who will respond to the toast * What's 
your name? — Phi-keia ' [applause]. 

BkryrnKK Evans : Brother Toastmaster and brother Phis : 
When this toast was first proposed to me, I could not comprehend 
what it meant, and, to tell you the truth, I do not comprehend it yet 
altogether. Brother Tompkins has spoken about the young infant I have 


had at my house, now about three weeks old, but I can not give any 
light in that direction — [great applause and cries 'Another little Phi ? * 
* Boy or girl?']. I can not give any light in that direction, for the 
simple reason that he has not been named yet, but I am going to make 
a Phi out of him [applause] . 

I believe that ^iKcLa has some connection with the ritual adopted 
since I was at college. With regard to the ritual, I have a little 
reminiscence to relate, which is a part of the history of the fraternity, 
but which I do not think is very generally known among you. On 
one occasion the national grand chapter, which was then at Wooster, 
completely suspended and abrogated the existing ritual, and initiated 
some twelve or fifteen members under an improvised ritual gotten up 
on the day upon which they were initiated. Now, it is a very serious 
thing in any order to suspend the ritual. In most fraternities it is 
not permitted under any circumstances, but we, then being the na- 
tional grand, had the power under the laws of the order to grant 
charters. We had an application from Buchtel College, signed by 
some twelve or fifteen students who wanted to come into the frater- 
nity. We granted the application and, according to the arrange- 
ments, they were to come to Wooster to be initiated. They came, 
arriving upon a morning train. Everything was going smoothly and 
happily up to that time, but lo ! and behold, on the same morning 
there appeared upon the streets, and all over the university and all 
over the city in fact, a publication of our ritual, and it was complete 
in every detail. Of course it went into the hands of all these candi- 
dates. They read it. We were humiliated to the highest degree, and 
in fact we did not know exactly what we would better do. We could 
not confess to them that it was a publication of the true ritual, be- 
cause it was contrary to the Bond, and yet at the same time, we did 
not feel like initiating them that night according to the ritual as they 
already knew it, and as it was published. So a few of us gathered to- 
gether, and, in a downcast sort of way, went into consultation as to 
the best method to pursue under the circumstances. The result was 
that we concluded to get up a new ritual, entirely — a new ritual, ex- 
cept the Bond. 

We prepared the new ritual and initiated the men under it that 
night. Of course, it was not so very complete; we probably intro- 
duced a great deal more frivolity than we otherwise would. We after- 
wards explained fully to the charter members that we could not, of 
course, under the circumstances, initiate them under the old ritual, 
and being the national grand chapter, we had the power, as we con- 
sidered, to grant ourselves a special dispensation for that occasion, and 
we did so. I never have seen an account of that printed in any peri- 
odical of the order, and, consequently, I do not believe that the fact 
is generally known that such a thing ever occurred in our fraternity. 
That was the start of the agitation for a new ritual. 

Now, my brothers, I am not going to take up any more of your time. 
I merely want to say this : that I believe the Phi Delta Theta fra- 
ternity, in its personnel, is the best Greek letter fraternity in the United 
States [great applause]. I believe that the chapters all over this 
union are very careful in the selection of their members. If you ever 
deviate from that course, my brothers, it will be the downfall of the 
fraternity. I happen to be in possession of certain information with 
regard to other societies that take in members indiscriminately. Those 
societies are being weakened ; the good men that already belong to 
them arc pulling out. The good men that they ought to get will not 
go in them, simply for the reason that they have gotten into the hands 


to be, a* ftbe is acw. tbe crvatcst Greek jcOct fnsenntr in the vtvld. 
I tbask roc. gestlesen l^reai 2pplsase~. 

The Toastxastek : We have reached that point in the 
|>rogram which is known as ' The Pvx.* It is a free for all, 
without limitation : no restriction as to subject, and I wiU 
first introdtice at the bead of this list our <M brother Hoo. 
William E. Bnndy, Ohio, "*6, of Cincinnati. 

huf/THRU BcxDV : Brother Toastmaster. honored fomxiers and 
brother Phis : 

I am reminded of the advice my grandfather nsed to gire me at the 
time when as a boT I entered the Ohio Uniyersitv. and was in the 
habit of looking np. as most of ns did at that time, to Brother Emmett 
Tompkins as an old man. Yoa may all obsenre how well, throogh 

?^ood care, bodily and mentallv. he has been preserved. My grand- 
ather impressed upon me the tmth of the old adage : ' Early to bed 
and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.' But I 
never get with a body like this, even though the hands of the clock 
may show the early mom, that it does not occur to me that it is just 
as well to go to bed early in the morning and get up early in the 
afternoon [laughter]. 

1 notice that we have with us to-night, as a delegate from the alumni 
chapter of Cincinuati, the perennial del^ate that we always elect upon 
this particular occasion. The chapter has not had any meeting, but 
bearing in mind that adN-ice of Brother Morrison that in this order 
God and one man constitute a quorum, Brother Bonham had a meet- 
ing at Cincinnati last night. There was a quorum there ; but it does 
not develop yet as to who signed Brother Bonham *s credentials to this 
convention [renewed laughter] . 

What has impressed me most to-night occurred in the early part of 
the festivities of this occasion. First the band played the inspiring 
tune of Dixie [applause]. I never hear that song that I do not feel I 
can never wonaer again why the gallant boys of the southern con- 
federacy marched and fought so valiantly for their cause. Follow- 
ing that came the strains of Yankee Doodle. All cheered to that old 
tune of the republic. Then one and all joined in that grand acclaim, 
* My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty.' 

Christian ethics, founded upon the Bible, teaches that man has 
three great duties to perform : one to his God, one to his country 
and one to himself. The very foundation of our system of govern- 
ment is the home, and its safety and perpetuity depend upon tJae edu- 
cation, the morality and the patriotism of the sovereign people, and I 
know of no instrument that has ever been written that contributes 
more to these three great principles and upon which they can be bet- 
ter founded than the great, the inviolable, the everlasting Bond of the 
Phi Delta Theta [great and long continued applause]. I say this to 
you, brothers : All praise to Brother Kemper, who carries his father's 
sword in the far-away Philippines, and to his comrades and our broth- 
ers there in arms. Let these beautiful words, this beautiful verse of 
our literature and of our song, be to them their watchword and their 
inspiration : 

In the beauty of the lilies Christ was bom across the sea. 
With a Rlory in his bosom that transfigured you and me ; 
As he died to make men happy, let us die to make men free, 
While (>od is marching on ! 

[Great applause.] 


The Toastmaster : We have with us a brother who 
has been honored by his state, and who has done honor to 
his state, Brother Thomas H. McConica, Ohio Wesleyan, '81, 
whom I now present to you. 

Brother McConica : Mr. Toastmaster and brother Phis : 

I had hoped that some new rule had been adopted by our fraternity 
providing that at some time during the course of the twenty-four 
hours Phi Delta Thetas were supposed to go to bed [laughter and ap- 
plause]. It seems, however, that such amendment has not yet been 

It has been twenty years since I became a Phi — seventeen years 
since I left college. But I want to say, my brothers, that I have been 
most wonderfully pleased with this session. I have been very much 
renewed in my Phi Delta Theta faith by coming to this convention 
and attending this banquet. I always had a very high opinion of our 
fraternity. I met with many loyal good fellows while I was in college 
who were members of this fraternity. It was a very great help to me, 
and I hope that my boys — and I have two promising little fellows at 
home [applause] — I want to see them, before many days, rank among 
those who wear the colors of this fraternity [renewed applause]. It is 
the influence of an association like this which a young man in college 

I had a pretty good time at college. A man can not be around 
where Brother Bonham is without having more or less enjoyment as 
he goes along. When he gets up to speak he will take the balance of 
the night, and that is the reason they put me in ahead of him [laugh- 
ter]. But I want you, young men, to have a rattling good time in 
college now [laughter]. You owe it to yourselves [renewed laughter]. 
Recently, while visiting the college at Delaware, I was called on to 
say something. I told the boys that I did not think I had as much 
fun as I ought to have had. I suggested to the boys that they ought 
to have more fun than I did, and the faculty did not cheer me at all. 
But, be men ; stand up for your principles ; do your duty. Do all 
that, but have a good time, because you will be in college but once. 

I am very glad to see so representative a class of gentlemen here as 
delegates to this convention. I am assured that the interests of Phi 
Delta Theta have fallen into worthy hands. The spirit that I see 
manifested here to-night convinces me that the fraternity will go on 
in the future with increased momentum, and it is a source of delight 
to me. I want to know where the next convention is going to be 
held, and I hope it will be somewhere in the United States [great 
laughter and cheering] . 

I might say this : I happened to have something to do with the 
institution which Brother Swope says was visited by the Kentucky 
colonels during the war, the Ohio penitentiary. Now, if any of you 
gentlemen would like to visit that institution while you are here, I 
will extend to you the courtesies of the institution in order to enable 
you to do so, and if you will call on Brother Dr. Brown I will see that 
you get the proper credentials to admit you. [A voice: ' How about 
getting out? '] Well, I will give you a pass that will get you in, and 
then you will have to look out for yourselves [laughter]. 

The Toastmaster : I want to introduce one of our 
brothers who may not do a great deal of speaking, but we 
vrill insist on his doing some whistling, Brother John B. 
Ballou, Wooster, '97. 


After Brother Ballon had responded to the request ol the toast- 
master a delegate said : * Mr. Chairman : I move ^on, sah, dat de 
bniddcr repeat de cho*us. * 

The To astm aster: If the brother will not whistle any 
more for us, I should like to present to you one more, who 
will close the speaking for the evening, or night, if you 
please, and that is Brother Scott Bonhom. Ohio Wesleyan, 
'82. of Cincinnati. 

Br'/thkr Boxham : Mr. Toastmaster and young gentlemen of Phi 
iJelU Thela : 

I did not think I was going to be called upon at all [groans and 
cries of *Ah-h']. If you don't believe it, I will show you the speech 
I have written for the occasion [reaching in his inside coat pocket]; 
written impromptu by me in the hotel this afternoon [great laughter 
and cheering]. It is very late — 

The Toast.master : Not for you [laughter]. 

Brothkr Bonh.\m : Brother Tompkins is about right, I think ; 
but I haven't any twins at home [laughter]; I wish I had [renewed 
laughter] . I am always delighted to be at a convention of Phi Delta 
Theta. I have had the pleasure of attending three besides this one. 
I had not expected to be here at all until within a day or two ago, and 
so wrote to Dr. Brown. It was, though, with great pleasing that I was 
able to arrange my affairs so as to come to Columbus to be here this 
evening. The first convention I was at was in 1880. The worthy 
toastmaster and also Brother Palmer are mementos of the convention 
of IxHU at Indianapolis. I do not believe that a more enthusiastic 
delegate ever came back from a convention than I was when as a 
sophomore I returned from Indianapolis eighteen years ago. I thought 
I was about the hottest baby -well, in the bunch, or that ever came 
down the pike [great laughter and applause]. I had the pleasure, 
after graduation, of being at the New York convention in 1886, and 
again at Atlanta in 1S*»*2. I believe my first meeting in a convention 
with Brother P'rank Swope was at Atlanta in 1892, and I have had 
tender recollections of him ever since [laughter and applause] ; and I 
supf>ose I always will have, for occasionally Frank sends me up some 
five or ten-dollar tailor bills to collect for some friendsof his [laughter 
and applause]. In other words, Frank and I believe in the reciprocity 
business between Cincinnati and Louisville, and we are doing the best 
we can in that direction. 

I think I am safe in predicting that Phi Delta Theta is bound to be 
what I believe I am right in saying it already is, it is bound to continue 
to be the best fraternity in America [great applause]. That prediction 
is based upon the appearance of the young men who constitute the 
delegations to this convention. At that Indianapolis convention, for 
its memory still clings to nie, I thought we had the handsomest crowd 
of young men that any fraternity at that time could get together. 
But I am free to confess that you double-discount anything we had 
there at that time. 

We have with us to-night Brother Jason Blackford, of the class of 
180.S at Ohio Wesleyan University, from w^hom I should like to hear 
something. I don't know whether he ever attended a convention be- 
fore or not. He has on one of those old badges, and I have no doubt 
all of you would have been more pleased to hear from him than to 
hear anything I have to sa}'. I thank you very much for calling on 
me [applause]. 


The Toastmaster : The omission to call upon Brother 
Blackford was caused by the toastmaster* s not being aware 
of his presence. I will now introduce him to the assembled 
brothers, and we shall be certainly glad to hear from him. 
Brother Jason Blackford, Ohio Wesleyan, *63. 

Brother Blackford: Mr. Toastmaster and brother Phis: 

I assure you that it is with a good deal of surprise that I find myself 
just now in the position I am. I have received invitations year after 
year to attend these * A O banquets. Somehow or other, Brother Scott 
Bonham, of Cincinnati, discovered that at some time or other I had 
been a Phi, and he has sent me regularly, year after year, invitations 
to attend these assemblies, and, for one reason or another, I have 
failed to attend them until on this occasion, when I suppose I may 
say that I am indebted to Brother McConica for bringing me down to 
the semi-centennial. 

Since I was in school I find that things have changed very mate- 
rially. I see some things here that we did not have in the 'OO's. This 
Phi Delta Theta yell I hear to-night is entirely new to me. I am re- 
minded by that of the experience of a young lady friend of mine, a 
young girl who was in Chicago some years ago with her mother, and 
while seeing the sights of tne city became a little anxious to have 
something to eat, and besought her mother to get her something at a 
restaurant; but the mother did not have the time, or a convenient 
opportunity, and put it off until the young lady made the request 
that she might have at least a ham sandwich, but she did not get that. 
Afterwards, when talking about the matter of her visit to Chicago, she 
remarked that she was destined to go through life short one ham 
sandwich [laughter and applause]. I think I am destined to go 
through life short a fraternity yell [renewed laughter]. 

I am pleased to-night to see about me so manv bright young faces. 
It renews my youth to look on and see your enjoyment at a banquet 
of this kind. I realize the fact that before me sit young men who in 
the next generation will hold in their hands the destinies of a nation. 
Every generation has its crisis. Every generation has its Manila, 
either geographically, morally or religiously. The time always brings 
the man, and we may rest assured that when the crisis comes to the 
next generation, this college yell will furnish the impetus that will 
put the young men over the brow of the hill, right in the face of the 
enemy [great applause]. I feel very grateful, indeed, that I received 
an invitation to be with you to-night, and if you should offer me an 
invitation in the future, I think, like Brother McConica, I shall be 
looking for it, and I probably may, after awhile, be the oldest man 
that comes to your convention banquets. I thank you [great ap- 

Toastmaster Tompkins : The hour has grown so late 
that we must draw our festivities to a close ; and I suggest, 
inasmuch as the star spangled banner is the pride and inspi- 
ration of the American people ( and Phi Delta Theta is pecu- 
liarly an American institution), that we end the night with 
the Phi yell to Old Glory. Are you ready ? 

The banquet was concluded with the Phi yell to Old Glory. 



At Philadelphia, in 1896, the impression among many of 
tie delegates was that Miami University and Oxford were 
[le logical meeting place for the semi-centennial convention. 
^hio Alpha and her alumni were anxious to try to entertain 
:, but those who have had experience in handling previous 
leetings became convinced, after investigation, that two 
undred men could not be entertained for a week in Oxford 
iccessfully. The events of Thanksgiving week fully justi- 
ed that conclusion. Columbus was none too large, consid- 
ring the many demands made on the local committee, the 
liapter and the alumni club. To handle successfully a na- 
onal convention of * A nowadays requires abundant re- 
^urces of many kinds. 

Meetings in the famous larger cities, like Philadelphia and 
Tew York, are pleasant experiences for the delegates who 
ave visited them, but our experience in 1890 showed that 
;ght-seeing is usually subordinated to committee work. It 
\ also pleasant, however, to take full possession of a city of 
lore moderate size, where a fraternity convention is inevita- 
ly, for the time being, 'the whole thing' socially. Colum- 
us was an ideal convention city. The convention's unprece- 
ented social successes are commented upon elsewhere. It 
as been suggested that the time we have chosen for the last 
190 meetings and the next — Thanksgiving week — is best ad- 
pted of all the year to this end. 

For the first time in our history convention sessions, ten 
1 all, were held on five successive days, beginning on Mon- 
ay morning at 10:30 and closing Friday night at 11:40. 
to Thanksgiving day all the morning was given up to con- 
ention business. On Friday three sessions were held. 
*he delegates were faithful to duty, giving up the tally-ho 
ide Thursday morning for the sake of hard work. 

At previous conventions the rule had been to devote Mon- 
ay evening to a smoker or some informal gathering of the 
elegates and visitors, and to reserve Tuesday evening for 
le reception and dance. At Columbus, for various reasons, 
le order was reversed, with most satisfactory results. The 
len, who were later in the week to meet the city and uni- 
ersity girls at a number of other gatherings, became ac- 
uainted with their hostesses at once, and found social prog- 
ess greatly simplified. 

The Columbus Phis were sadly disappointed at failing to 
et us out sight-seeing as much as they had planned. They 


were worried especially because most of us did not see the 
penitentiary, of which they were always talking, or th 
other state institutions. 

This was the first convention in Ohio since that of ISTS^, 
at Wooster, and the first ever held in Columbus. For 
fifth time we met in a state capitol, having convened unde 
the state-house dome in Richmond, in 1882; at Nashville, 
in 1884; at Atlanta, in 1891; at Indianapolis, in 1894; at 
Columbus, in 1898. The twenty-fifth anniversary was cele- 
brated, as was the fiftieth, by an Ohio convention. Bro. 
Emmett Tompkins, Ohio, '74, was the only member present 
who was at Athens in 1873. The weather was much cooler 
than at Philadelphia, and some of the delegates from the ex- 
treme south, who had left a land where all the leaves were 
still green, were often seen seeking the warm corners. For 
most of the southern men this was their first trip to the 
north, the delegate from the University of Texas, for in- 
stance, having never been outside of his native state before, 
save for travel in Mexico. 

For the first time two of our three living founders were 
present. Many of us had met Father Morrison before, but 
Father Lindley was known personally to but few, as this 
was his first national convention. Universal regret was ex- 
pressed over the absence of Colonel Rogers. 

The presence of Miss Morrison and Miss Lindley, daugh- 
ters of the founders, was a pleasant innovation. 

The founders are to receive badges made on the model of 
the original design, which survives alone, so far as is known, 
in the pin worn by the editor of The Scroll and belonging 
to his father, Rev. John C. Miller, Indiana, '55. 

The souvenir button was a distinct advance on anything 
yet seen and called forth the prophecy that eighteen karat 

diamond badges would be in order soon. The 
design was beautiful and a great credit to Mr. 
Auld, who was given a clear field by his rivals 
in his display at the hotel. The button, a cut 
of which appears herewith, was in gold and 
white and blue enamel for the delegates, and 
in silver, blue and white for convention visitors and guests 
at the reception. 

The convention gavel was a new one, furnished by the 
state and presented to the fraternity by Brother Tompkins 
at the banquet. The head was of lignum vitae, and the 
handle of rosewood. 

The souvenir gavels presented to the chapters by Brother 




Stephan, of Case, were of historic value. The heads were 
of black walnut from the Miami campus, and the handles of 
oak from Father Morrison's birthplace. Brother D. Glenn 
Moore, W, and J,, '96, secured the latter ; Brother Zwick 
and the boys of Ohio Alpha secured the former. The work 
of turning and finishing them was also done exclusively by 
Phis of the Case chapter. One large gavel was presented to 
the convention, and a smaller one to the representative of 
each chapter. It was in responding to Bro. Stephan's pre- 
sentation speech that Bro. Swope complained of bis ' thun- 
der ' being stolen, as noted in Bro. Moore's banquet speech. 
The gavels were no sooner in the delegates' hands than ready 
college wit devised a use for them , and Bro. Swope found 
the applause he called forth almost embarrassing in its em- 
phatic quality. The noise produced by sixty gavels vigor- 
ously wielded in concert is indescribable. 

As at Philadelphia, a written ballot was taken for but one 
o£Bce, all the others being filled by acclamation and suspen- 
sion of the rules. This hardly reaches the record at Indi- 
anapolis, in 1894, when there was but one man named for 
each oflfice, without exception — * a monotonously unanimous 
aflFair,' as George Banta declared. 

The election was not the convention's most important 
business, evidently. Consideration of the constitution be- 
gan on Monday and did not close till Friday afternoon. It 
was gratifying to note how fully the delegates had studied 
the proposed revision and how well prepared their amend- 
ments were. President Palmer confessed that he had come 
to the conclusion that the constitution he submitted was just 
about perfect, that every possible question had been dis- 
cussed and settled by his committee. He also confessed 
that many of the amendments proposed were marked im- 
provements. It was noticeable that open-mindedness was a 
general characteristic of the convention. A compromise 
that included the main points desired by debaters was in- 
stantly accepted. Nobody was ashamed to be convinced 
and to change his mind and his vote. 

The blackboard at the hotel was a happy thought of the 
local committee, and invaluable for important announcements 
(in Fred Ball's Spencerian chirography) requiring attention 
between convention sessions. 

From the hotel flagstaff, all week after Monday night, 
floated the immense fraternity flag made by the Lilley Com- 
pany under the direction of Dr. Brown. Miss Field re- 


marked its presence as soon as she arrived, with an enthusi- 
astic comment. 

The electric * sign.' which bore ' ♦ A * in white lights 
with a border of blue ones, and which was removed from 
the ball room to the dining room the night of the banquet, 
played quite a role in convention jokes. Cc^onel Swope, 
who is said to have ' swiped ' a room full of signs and dgar- 
store Indians while at Harvard, was accused by certain ban- 
queters in chorus of having designs on the electric display. 
He retorted that it was ' too hot ' for him. Another reveler 
who had staid till the end of the banquet, on the next day at 
lunch, noticing the * sign * with its lights all extinguished, 
said it looked * just like * he felt. 

One of the favorite themes of banquet repartee was Colo- 
nel Swope. After accusing him of * swiping * divers articles 
and asking * WTio swiped Swope?' they queried, * Does 
Frank Swope use Pear's soap?' Quick as a flash came 
back from Swope's Indiana friends, * No. Swope uses soft 
soap,' which apt reply brought down the house. One fa- 
vorite yell was an old one improved : 

What's the matter with Miss Field ? She's all right ! 

Who's all right ? Miss Field ! 

Who says so ? Everybody ! 

Who's evervbodv? Phi Delta Theta I 

It goes without saying that though Miss Field was favored 
with an ample supply of that yell, hers was not the only 
name that figured in it. Then there was a yell attributed 
to Hackett and said to have been stolen from Cornell : 

We yell very well, we do ; 

We yell very well, we do ; 

We yell very well, we yell like [painful pause]; 

We yell very well, we do ! 

The editor of The vScroll, whose memory of delegates* 
names and faces is credited by his colleagues to cultivation 
for political purposes, was favored with : 

We wonder does Miller remember the Maine ! 

And with such outbursts as : 

What's your name? Don't know ; ask Miller ! 

And Moore revived his old : 

Osky-wow-wow I 
Skinny-wow- wow ! 
Shinny-wow-wow I Wow ! 
Hurrah for Alpha province ! 

With Indiana back in Kpsilon province Swope and Miller 
revived memories of Atlanta and Indianapolis with : 

Hi-yi yi-yi ! Hi-yi-yi-yi ! 
Hi-yi-yi-yi ! Epsilon ! 


Many chapter yells and all the college yells were used again 
and again at the banquet. As a result vocal power was 
much diminished in convention debates the next morning. 
Bro. W. B. Palmer came down from Cleveland with a 
brand new yell, which he sought to introduce, invoking the 
splendid lung power of Bro. Swope to give it full effect. It 
is an adaptation of the open motto, followed by a part of the 
old yell: 

Efs dvijp! Els dvijp! Ou5ds! OSds! OuSfis di^ijp! 
Phi-Kei-AI Phi Delta Theta! Rah! Rah! Rah! 

Bro. Palmer invented this yell while traveling on the rail- 
road, and went out on the back platform and practiced it by 
himself, while the train was going forty miles an hour. It 
was used a good many times during the convention, but its 
adoption was not pressed, as there were so many other things 
to do. It has the qualities of being entirely unique and 
being resonant, but the chief improvement claimed over the 
old yell is that it does not begin with *Rah! Rah! Rah!* 
which is characteristic of so many college yells. While we 
were shivering in the cold on the north steps of the state- 
house, waiting for the photographer to arrange the group, 
Bro. Moore suggested that it was a good time to give the 
new version, ^Ice anerl Ice anerl ' etc, 

Bro. Swope was favorably inclined to the proposed yell. 
On general principles, however, he is opposed to changing 
any of the old landmarks. He was one of the chief oppo- 
nents to reforming the system of chapter nomenclature, so 
as to make the titles of chapters correct chronologically, as 
they were prior to the unfortunate change made in 1880. He 
-wore one of the largest badges seen at the convention — an 
old-timer — and he says that the badges worn when he was 
initiated at Hanover were large enough for a Phi to put the 
shield on his left arm; and, taking the sword in his right 
liand, he could go down the street and with these weapons 
kill the first man he met. Ever since then the size of the 
'badges has been gradually decreasing, and Bro. Swope says 
that now entirely too close an inspection is necessary to 
distinguish a Pfci by the badge he wears. By way of illus- 
tration, he tells of an historical incident. The judges and 
barristers of England each wear gowns and wigs, the only 
<iifference being that a wig of a judge has a small button on 
top, while the wigs of the barristers do not have this ap- 
3)endage. Originally the judges wore caps in court, but the 
caps were made smaller and smaller, until only a button was 
finally used. Bro. Swope fears that our badge will go on 


diminishing until it reaches oompaiativdy insignificant pro- 

Colnmbos was so centrally located that there were few 
large parties formed of delegates who traveled some distance 
together. The eastern men, especially, came on in small 
parties. The men from the northwest, who were enter- 
tained by Illinois Alpha at a smoker on the evening of No- 
vember 19. came down in a body, and Fred Ball had a goodly 
escort of southerners with him. 

Every active member of Ohio Zeta and of Ohio Beta was 
present, and had it not been for the unfortunate accident that 
befell Bro. O'Bleness. all Ohio Gamma's men would have 
come, as well. The attendance of alumni from these chap- 
ters was ver>' large. The whole number of chapters repre- 
sented among the \*isitors was thirty-three, against thirty at 
Philadelphia. Eighteen alumni chapters were represented, 
against fourteen at Philadelphia. The number of province 
presidents present was smaller than usual, one being kept 
away by ill-health, one by business and one by military 

The total number of delegates and visitors, as our incom- 
plete returns indicate, was 210. Of these 109 were under- 
graduates and 101 alumni. This is our largest recorded at- 
tendance, the Indianapolis convention of 1894 coming next 
with 20r). Qf those present thirty-six had attended former 
conventions. Thirteen found this their second meeting ; 
six, their third ; five, their fourth ; three, their fifth. Bro. 
Tompkins counted it his sixth and Bro. Palmer his eighth, 
while Father Morrison doubtless heads the list. With the 
exception of the meetings of 1S74, 1875 and 1870, the roll 
of every Phi convention held in the last quarter of a century 
was represented by one or more members. Bro. Tompkins 
was the only one present at the twenty-fifth anniversary, in 
1878. F'ather Morrison had attended conventions before 
that, however, and Bro. B. P. Jones was at Indianapolis, in 
lSf;s. The veterans were Bros. Morrison, Palmer, Tomj>- 
kins, l^anta, J. \\. Brown, Swope, Bonham, Marble, Ball, 
W. R. Brown, Miller, Goodwin, Bundy and Mrs. J. E. 
Brown. Bros. Moore, Findley, Hamilton and Blount are 
also candidates for the honor. Those who have attended 
one convention before the last one are Bros. C. H. Welch 
( at Wooster, in 1878 ), B. P. Jones (at Indianapolis, in 1868), 
A. V. Ivvans (at Bloomington, in 1889), Bethel, Bennett, 
Ingram, Bowditch, Wave Miller, Switzler, Condit, Hapgood, 
RadclifTe, F. J. R. Mitchell, McCune (at Indianapolis, in 


1894), Muuro, Meily, Riederer, F. S. Palmer and Stephan. 
The previous meeting attended by most of these was the one 
at Philadelphia, in 1896. 

The * Mammoth Cave ' party of 1891 and sundry members 
of the local committee and the general council held a pleas- 
ant reunion at dinner with Mrs. J. E. Brown one evening. 
Dr. and Mrs. Brown, Marble, Swope, W. R. Brown and 
Miller, with the adopted member, W. B. Palmer, were pres- 
ent, as at the second reunion, in Philadelphia. 

If any item of comfort or convenience was overlooked to 
the detriment of any Phi guest by Manager Rusk, of the 
Chittenden Hotel, the fact has not been recorded. We have 
been exceptionally fortunate for many years in our choice 
of convention headquarters, but the Chittenden takes first 
place by unanimous vote. 

Some convention visitors fortunately had time to take a 
peep into the fraternity library, and the Gossip secured a 
kodak of one of the cases of college annuals and fraternity 
magazines, histories and catalogues. He also kidnaped a 
snap shot of the librarian, as he sat on the deck of a river 
steamer last summer. It was a vacation trip, and the ge- 
nial librarian was probably hailing some boon companion, 
though President Palmer says he is * spieling to the natural 
scenery.' These pictures are on the next page. 

The testimonials which chapters and officers presented to 
Brother Morrison on March 15, 1897, when he was seventy- 
five years old, and which were handsomely bound in morocco 
and presented to him again a year later, were brought by 
him to the convention and exhibited at the banquet. 

The large cabinets of Father Morrison, Father Lindley 
and of the two founders together, may be ordered at fifty 
cents each, postage prepaid. The convention group costs 
one dollar by express, charges collect. Many of the dele- 
gates and visitors have ordered the group picture as a pres- 
ent for the home chapter. The pictures are all finely fin- 
ished and an invaluable addition to any chapter's collection. 
Address the Baker Art Gallery, State and High streets, 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Besides Miss Morrison and Miss Lindley, Mrs. W. R. Brown 
and her daughter were present from a distance, all of them, 
with Mrs. J. E. Brown, appearing in the convention picture. 
It was their first convention for all these ladies except Mrs. 
Dr. Brown, who was at Atlanta in 1891, at Indianapolis in 
1894, and at Philadelphia in 1890. She is now enrolled 
among the veterans. Other ladies whose presence and aid 


were especially efficient in adding to the social success of 
the convention were Mrs. Emmett Tompkins, Miss Morris 
and Mrs. A. P. Rusk, who were iudefatigable in seeing that 
nothing was left undone. 

New Orleans once more invited the convention to meet 
within her walls, St. Louis * serving notice * for 1902. The 
fight between Louisville and New York brought out the 
most animated debate of the convention. President Palmer, 
who was converted by the New Yorkers at the eleventh 
hour, made the speech of his life and changed vote after 
vote. Bros. Hackett, Swope and Hegeman were eloquent, 
too. Colonel Swope was all but paralyzed when his bosom 
friend, Palmer, came to him before the debate began and 
said that he had been convinced that New York was the 
place. The question of voting proxies was raised by New 
York in this connection, as practically all the proxies were 
for Louisville, but Louisville won without the proxies, and 
New York made it unanimous, 

A number of the committee chairmen presented reports 
that were unusually elaborate and carefully prepared — Fair- 
child, on special resolutions; Phetteplace, on internal im- 
provement; English, on chapter houses, for example. This 
was the first time a separate committee had been assigned 
to the chapter house question, the subject having been regu- 
larly given to the committee on internal improvement. The 
committee on appeals and grievances, one of the hard- worked 
ones, was delighted to see the board of trustees established to 
do their work between conventions. 

Father Morrison's farewell talk, which appears on another 
page, was an impressive incident. His words were earnest, 
replete with sound advice, full of simple dignity. He cer- 
tainly has a fine physique for a man of his age — he is now 
in his seventy-seventh year. He stands more erect than 
many of the college boys ; his favorite movement in com- 
mencing a speech is throwing his shoulders back. At the 
banquet he attributed his vigor to his not having taken * hot 
and rebellious liquors * in his veins in youthful days. 

It was pleasant to note the cordial greetings received by 
the convention from the Ohio State University chapters of 
Phi Gamma Delta and Sigma Nu. They were responded to 
in the same spirit, both in the convention resolutions and 
in the cheers in the convention for our friendly rivals. 

The new ritualistic convention opening ceremony was used 
in full on Monday afternoon for the first time. The short 
form was used at other sessions. The session was continued 


until so late Friday night that the aev general oocincil 
not installed in ritnalisuz fonn. and the long closing cere- 
mas v was omitted. 

The Columbus newspapers were nnnsoaHy coorteons and 
enterprising. The full text of the special resolntions and 
a summary of all important legislation were printed on Sat- 
urday morning, a large part of President Palmer's exhanstive 
message was used, acd the social aEairs were elaborately 
written up. Bros. Hackett • who was one of the conven- 
tion's kodak fiends >, Chase and Rex were a faithful press 

To intimate friends Bro. Palmer confessed that he was not 
exactly an fait on rules of order, and explained that he had 
been so very busy prior to the convention that he did not have 
time to rexnew upon the subject. He made an amusing slip 
when he announced that ' The convention will go now into the 
''committee of the; whole to consider the report on the con- 
stitution,* inadvertantly omitting the words in parentheses. 
At one session when motions, substitutes, amendments and 
amendments to amendments were being offered fast enough 
to confuse even the most experienced presiding officer, Bro. 
Palmer summoned Bro. Lamkin to a seat beside him, and 
thus accomplished a double purpose in securing his aid as a 
parliamentary coach and preventing him from raising points 
of order on the floor. Bro. Lamkin is one of the brightest 
parliamentarians that has attended our recent conventions. 

(Jne of the convention ' larks ' was the party chaperoned 
out to Newark <" thirty miles and back in two hours) by Bro. 
A. D. Ingram. The ex|>eriences of the train crew and the 
good people of Newark with this joyful band would be in- 
teresting reading, if reported. 

The Louisville alumni have begun early. All the papers 
of that city, on Monday after the convention, contained 
elaborate notices of preparations already made for the meet- 
ing Thanksgiving week, 1900. A national fraternity con- 
vention is a novelty in Louisville, and Colonel Swope an- 
nounces that the Kentucky girls have promised him to make 
this our red-letter convention. 

Mary French Field, the eldest daughter of * America's 
poet laureate of home and childhood,* was born at St. Joseph, 
Mo., in 1S7<'>. In 188.'> her parents moved to Chicago. 
vShe attended the Rockford (111.) college and was graduated 
from the Monticello seminary, at Godfrey, 111. Miss Field 
is said to have been her father's severest critic as w^ell as 
his most ardent admirer. Two years ago she began to give 



readings from her father's works and met with instant suc- 
cess. She has gone as far west as Denver, but most of her 
readings so far have 
been given in the east. 
Her present season will 
close with a list of en- 
gagements on the Pacific 
coast. She has appeared 
a number of times in col- 
lege towns where Phi 
Delta Tbeta has chap- 
ters. Missouri Alpha has 
entertained in her honor, 
and Ohio Theta, Penn- 
sylvania Gamma, Penn- 
sylvania Zeta and many 
other chapters cherish 
proudly her photograph 
or some other souvenir 
of her visit. Her mana- 
ger is Bro. Crawford A. 
Peffer, Allegheny, '94, 
who is as loyal a Phi as 
he is successful in his 
profession. Miss Field is 
charming socially, as 
well as on the Stage. She 
has beauty, grace and 
wit, an artist's touch and 
poetic insight. In con- 
versation she is brilliant, 
and her masteryof Irish, 
German, Hebrew and ne- 
grodialectin her inimita- 
ble stories is something wonderful. She promised all the 
boys that she would attend the Loui.sville convention, and 
that fact alone insures a record-breaking attendance for the 
meeting of 1900. Miss Field's trip from Pittsburgh to attend 
the convention showed her loyalty, as did her badge and 
her enthusiastic words. Some of the older members, who 
remember stories circulated by the fraternity press in former 
years, have expressed surprise that the action of the con- 
vention was correctly reported and understood, and that 
Dobody is claiming that Miss Field has been initiated into 


Three of the Ohio Zeta boys are nephews of noted Ohio 
politicians. W. P. Meily, of the late Calvin S. Brice, who 
was a A K E ; C. K. Dow, of Chas. L. Kurtz ; C. G. Bond, 
of Congressman Gros\'enor, himself an honorary member of 
Ohio Gamma. 

One of the Columbus papers remarked that probably no 
athletic event had ever before occurred in Ohio at which so 
many colleges and universities were represented as at the 
foot ball game Thanksgiving day. The fact was rendered 
somewhat apparent by the boys giving their own college 
yells along with the Phi yell every time the ball was called 

The convention announcements printed in Thk Scroll 
and The Palladium were utilized to good advantage by many 
of our subscribers, judging from the number of Ohio, In- 
diana, Illinois and Pennsylvania papers containing them 
that were sent to the editor. In several cities * specials * 
from Columbus a week before the convention gave full par- 
ticulars of the program and a history of the fraternity. 

The Associated Press, of whose Cincinnati ofl&ce Bro. S. 
J. Klickinger, Cornell, '76, has charge, scattered reports of 
convention sessions from Boston to San Francisco. In the 
latter city, the Chronicle gave a double-column picture of 
Mary French Field along with the dispatch which related 
her adoption as a daughter of Phi Delta Theta. 

Bros. Condit, Fletcher, Boushey and McDowell seem to 
be missing from the convention photograph. There are 126 
in the picture, of whom 120 are Phis. As at Philadelphia, 
a number of the visitors and of the local alumni failed to get 
in the group. 

If the boys who visited Columbus' wish to * trade last ' 
with the Gossip, he will confide to them that a Columbus 
friend wrote recently that * the Phis made the best impres- 
sion here of any set of college men that ever gathered in 

Among those from whom letters and telegrams of regret 
were received were: J. L. Mitchell, Indiana, '89; Paul M. 
Jones, Vanderbilt, '89; D. D. Woodmansee, Ohio Wesleyan, 
'SI; William F. Vilas, Wisconsin, '57: J. M. Mayer, Coluni' 
bia, 'S6; Hilton U. "Bxo^^ujndianapolis, '80; T. H. Basker- 
ville, Columbia, '8(>; W. C. Abbott, Wabash, '92; E. P. 
Couse, Allarhcnv, '89; Prof. Waller Deering, Vanderbilt, '85; 
S. R. Duffy, Illinois, '95; E. O. Grover, Dartmouth, '94; Kent 
Knowlton, Dartmouth, '94; J. B. Shaw, Lafayette, '85; S^J. 
Flickinger, Cornell, '76; Dudley R. Horton, Cornell, '75; 


Harry Wiedner, Miami, '89; F. W. Rane, Ohio State, '91; 
Benjamin Harrison, Miami, '52; John K. Boude, Miami, '52; 
John W. Stoddard, Miami, '58; and A. W. Rogers, Miami, 

Two others come from two Phi newspaper men, who are 
well known to us and to the world at large: 

Dear Sir and Brother — It has always been my ambition to ap- 
pear at a Phi Delta Theta convention. I used to read The Scroi^i* 
and look with g^eat awe upon the names of the distinguished gentle- 
men who responded to the toasts at the banquet and made addresses 
at the convention, and I used to wonder if I should ever be placed in 
that bright and particular galaxy of the Lord's anointed own. And 
now your letter comes and places the possibility so near and yet so 
far, for I can not under any circumstances accept your invitation. I 
took the ' Keeley cure ' for poetry five years ago, and have not written 
a line since. I can not write poetry and I was smart enough to find 
it out early in the game. 

I thank you for your kind invitation and beg of you to extend to 
the other members of the Phi Delta Theta my sincere good wishes. 

Yours in the Bond, 

Emporia, Kansas. Wiluam Ai^len White. 

Dear Brown — I have been romping around in the wild and frisky 
west for a few days and delayed answering your letter and very kind 
invitation, until I could present the case to the city editor, accom- 
panied with prayer for parole on or about Thanksgiving day. The 
prayer of your petitioner was scornfully denied and the case squashed, 
pumpkined and thrown bodily out of court. I used to think some- 
times that the city editor might at one time or another in his career 
have been an anarchist or a chicken-t