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Full text of "Seagrove Area"

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SEAGROVE AREA 



THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

PRESENTED BY 

VJal t er and Dorothy Auman 



C971.76 
A92s 



FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 



http://www.archive.org/details/seagroveareaOOauma 



Seagrove Area 



Compiled By 

Dorothy and Walter Auman 

September, 1976 



Printed By 
VILLAGE PRINTING COMPANY 

Asheboro, N. C. 



Forward 

The old Seagrove School District was selected as the area covered by this writing. This 
includes all of Union, Richland and Brower Townships in Randolph County. Small 
portions of Ceder Grove and Grant are also embraced since the school lines lay at a point 
north of Ulah, east to Erect and west to Strieby and south to the county lines. 

Materials were gathered over a period of eight weeks and made possible by the 
various communities working with the scribes of their area. Hearty gratitude is given 
those as well as all who took time from their busy schedules to relive incidents of days 
gone by and to procure photographs of these remembrances. 

Errors have been made and occasions omitted but there are memorandum pages in the 
back of the book for corrections and additions to continue the story of the people living in 
and around Seagrove. 

Appreciation is extended to Ralph Bulla who has documented most of the churches of 
our county and opened his files for our use. Those lacking were supplied by the 
cooperation of the church historians. Charlesanna Fox, through her interest and love for 
the people has collected and encouraged collection of news items which she most 
generously shared through the Historical Room of the Asheboro and Randolph County 
Library. Most of the school records were extracted with the kind permission of the 
County Board of Education. 

Thanks, too, are given to those who labored in producing materials. This Las truly been 
a community project. But especially are we grateful for the patient work of Bill Tyler and 
his office in making this presentable in printed form. 



Contents 



Education 1 

Map of 1912 Schools 8 & 9 

Why Not Academy 10 

Seagrove Schools 15 

Teachers 1921 - 1930 25 

Occupations ' 31 

Cox's Mill Transcript 36 

Erect Community 57 

Pisgah Community 64 

Ulah Community 68 

Why Not Community , 74 

Dolphin Graves Recollections 76 

Alexander Spencer Diary Extractions 80 

Esau Spencer Family History 90 

Early Developments 96 

Covered Bridges 99 

Plank Road 103 

1902 Richland Township Tax List 106 

A & A Railroad 107 

Henry Yow's Store 113 

Highway 70 115 

Town of Seagrove 118 

First Town Tax List 1 20 

Map of Seagrove 1915 123 

1976 Map of Seagrove 125 

Bank of Seagrove 126 

Civic Organizations 132 

Seagrove Town Officials 136 

Chronological Events 138 

Post Offices 147 

Seagrove Area Churches 170 



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#10 


#11 


#12 


#13 


#14 


#15 


#16 


#17 


#18 


#19 


#20 


#21 



Randolph County School Districts 1840 

Each district was 4 miles east and west and 9 miles north and south totaling 21 districts 
for the entire county 



Education 

In the beginning, education in this area often consisted of a few weeks of "formal" 
learning taught by a man who was passing through, and who could read and cipher 
arithmetic. Usually this teacher would only lodge long enough to earn a small fee, and 
then he would move on. One such teacher was Nathan Cummings, who stayed at the 
home of William Lassiter. George Auman and Thomas Cox were two of the fortunate 
neighborhood children who were asked to participate in these brief weeks of education. 

James Goodwin, who lived in the vicinity of Waddell's Ferry, was also listed as a 
teacher, and a mention of a "Shady Oak" school has been found in this same area. 
Churches, too, often served as places of education with the minister teaching adults as 
well as children. Reverend Enoch Spinks was a vital force in those days; he was thought 
to have taught and to have inspired others, in turn, to teach those people who desired to 
learn to read. 

In 1825, a "Literary Fund" was established by the state, and in 1839, the first efforts 
for the establishment of a State Common Schools System was approved. Each county 
voted on participation in this system. Randolph County's vote was 847 for and 515 against 
the proposal, and all but seven counties in the state accepted the Common Schools. 

The law required that each county would be divided into school districts of not more 
than thirty-six square miles. In Randolph County, there were twenty-one districts each of 
which was four miles wide from east to west, and nine miles long from north to south. 
Each district was to provide $20. to which the Literary Fund would add $40. for a total 
budget of $60. per district. The local people usually erected a building and used the funds 
for paying a teacher's salary. 

The southern part of the county was numbered districts 15-21, and their divisions, 
according to the "Report of the Superintendent of Common Schools, February 4, 1840" 
were as follows: 

#15 Beginning at a stake in the county line north of Mannering Gardner's thence each 
crossing Thomas Cox 4 miles to a stake in A. Skein's field thence south crossing Uharrie 9 
miles to a stake in the Montgomery County line thence west crossing Uharrie 4 miles to a 
post corner of said county line thence north on the county line 9 miles to the beginning. 

#16 Beginning on a stake in A. Skeins field thence east crossing Thomas Creek and 
Uharrie 4 miles to a Haw Bush in Belfour's old field thence south 9 miles to a stake in the 
county line thence west on said line crossing Barns Creek 4 miles to a stake on the east of 
Uharrie thence north crossing Uharrie 9 miles to the beginning. 

#17 Beginning at Haw Bush in Belfour's old field thence east 4 miles to a B. Oak north of 
Jacob Williams thence south crossing Little River 9 miles to a stake at the county line 
thence west 4 miles to a stake in the corner of #16 district thence north 9 miles to the 
beginning. 

#18 Beginning at a B. Oak north of Jacob William's thence east 4 miles to a hickory south 
of Jothia Cox's thence south 9 miles to a Pine in the county line thence west crossing Pee 
Dee Road 4 miles to a stake thence 9 miles to the beginning. 

#19 Beginning at a hickory south of Joshia Cox's thence east crossing Richland Creek 4 
miles to a Red Oak north of William Moffitt's Mill thence south crossing said creek 9 miles 
to a stake in the county line in the boundry line thence west on the said line 4 miles to a 
Pine tree in the corner of the #18 district thence north 9 miles to the beginning. 



#20 Beginning at a Red Oak north of William Moffitt's Mill thence east 4 miles to a Post 
Oak thence south 9 miles to a stake in the county line thence west on said line 4 miles to a 
stake thence north crossing Fork Creek and Richland 9 miles to the beginning. 

#21 Beginning at a Post Oak thence east crossing Deep River 4 miles to a stake in the 
county line of Eli Bray's thence south on the said line 9 miles to a post in the corner of 
Randolph County thence west on the said line crossing Deep River 4 miles to a stake 
thence north crossing Fork Creek and Crooked Creek 9 miles to the beginning. 

The county courts appointed Zebedee Rush, William B. Lane, and Jonathan Worth, as 
a committee for the common schools with J. Worth serving as chairman. At the first 
meeting on February 14, 1841, it was requested by A. W. Hogan that the districts be 
divided in half, four miles by four miles, but it was decided to leave the plots as they were 
surveyed and to allow those districts which so desired to hold an election for the people 
to determine their own area boundries. 

In March 1841 , other commissioners were elected. Present at this second meeting were 
Jonathan Worth, chairman, Joseph Newben, Zebedee Rush, William Branson, John 
Brown, and Jacob Auman. The districts began their inner divisions, and by 1847, there 
were 59 areas which had or were in the process of building schoolhouses. The 
committeemen elected from these districts were as follows: 

July 31, 1847 School District Committee 

1. A. Smith, B. Y. Hunt, Enoch Mendenhall 

2. Amos Lambeth, Thomas Jones, Nathan Andrew 

3. Alexander Robbins, Thomas White, William Hill 

4. William Elliott, David Col , Johnathan Walker 

5. Joseph Spencer, Enoch Farlow, George Davidson 

6. John Coltrain, James Pool, Isaac Frazier 

7. Solomon Wall, John Adams, Franklin Garner 

8. Samuel Miliken, Issac Farlow, George Davidson 

9. Michael Reding, David Ballentine, Joseph Causey 

10. William Cavaness, Miles Cavniss, Jesse Wilson 

11. Alexander Frazier, John Hinshaw, Davis 

12. Z. Wood, Isaac Patterson, H. Wilson 

14. Malhon Allred, John Julian, Harvel Julian 

15. Peter Julian, William Staley, Christian Kime 

16. William Allred, Oliver Cox, Abrham Richardson 

17. J. W. Brower, Simon McMasters, J. W. Long 

18. Robert Kirkman, John Staley, N. P. Kivett 

19. G. W. Kinby, Brinkley Pierce, J. Jones 

20. Benjamin Nana, Wyatt Nana, J. K. Wood 

21. Riley Hill, Azel Rush, Allen Keerans 

22. Henry Fulton, William Walker, Emisley Beckerdite 

23. Thomas Stalkin, Michael Robbins, Jesse Robbins 

24. Alfred Reding, Alexander Byms, Nathan Wheeler 

25. Simon Jones, B. Nixon, Harlin Hale 
26. 

27. Calvin Bulla, John , D. M. Rich 

28. Jesse Larrance, J. Wright, J. A. Drake 

29. Michael Cox, W. W. Brower, Joshua Cox 

30. Samuel Free, Asa Summer, Thomas Branson 



31. 

32. John Hendricks, J. Hammer, Eli Spoon 

33. Joseph Reece, Samuel Allred, Joseph A. Allred 

34. Larrance Cox, Peter Black, Daniel Allen 

35. John Henley, Solomon Cox, Enoch Davis 

36. Alfred , Thomas Marley, Joseph Bowden 

37. R. M. Hinson, Nathan W. Cox, John Williams 

38. John Lambeth, Jesse Lambeth, Aaron Moffitt 

39. Allen Skien, John Ingram, Mariah Dorsett 

40. Thomas Nana, John Ingram, Steed 

41. Isaac Keerns, Elridge Carter, Dawson Steed 

42. Jonathan Lassiter, Richard Andrews, McCain Russell 
43. 

44. Zebedee Rush, Marajah Hill, John Hill 

45. George Latham, Leonard Cranford, Nathan Overton 
46. 

47. John Graves, Immer Bean, James Hurley 

48. William Lowdermilk, Solomon Latham, Joseph Vuncannon 

49. Charles Boling, Nathan Spencer, Silas Presnell 

50. Mathew Woddle, Joshua Pool, Isaac Frazier 

51. John Leach, William Tucker, George Spencer 

52. Benjamine Cox, Amos Comer, Nathan Craven 

53. John Howard, Charles Moffitt, Stephen Hinshaw 

54. Isaac Larrence, William Spencer, William Luck 

55. M. Shaw, William Carter, Joseph Stout, Jr. 

56. Calvin Brown, William S. Ward, Elijah Whitney 

57. John Woddle, Joshua Pool, James Needham 

58. Silas Moffitt, Lewis Brady, M. D. Bray 

59. John Fruit, David Walker, Hiram Carter 



These schools were a good beginning, although the children had to walk the distances 
to school each day over poor roads or mere paths without bridges for crossing the creeks 
and lowlands. The one-room buildings were made of logs or unpainted planks, while 
fireplaces and shuttered windows provided heat and light. Often unused homesteader 
cabins were converted into school houses. Private schools were still held in areas cut off 
by creeks, and in areas where the distance was too far for the young children to walk. 

School sessions were held for two or three months in the winter during the hours of 
8:00 - 11:35 in the morning, and 1:00 - 4:00 in the afternoon. At first, one teacher was 
appointed for each district having less than 90 pupils. An excess of that number entitled 
the school to two or more teachers, according to the ratio. Later this number was 
reduced to a ratio of 80 pupils to one teacher, and then again to 70 pupils to one teacher. 
The average monthly salary for the teacher was $24. 

Efforts were made to establish rules with which to govern the schools. In 1846, a local 
committee was formed to examine the teachers on an annual basis. In 1851, a resolution 
was passed that "B. G. Worth, William Murdoch, and Nathan Farlow would meet in 
Asheborough on the third Wednesday of Steptember, October, and November, for the 
purpose of examining all county teachers. 



Teacher Examination 

Republished in N. C. School Bulletin Sept. 1967 

Page your paper in regular order, and number your answers under the different 
studies to correspond with number of questions, and thus avoid having to write the 
questions. 

Write in large letters across your paper the names of the different branches as you get 
to them. Make your answers as short as possible, but be explicit-concise but plain. 

EXAMINATION 

of Applicants for Certificates to 

TEACH PUBLIC SCHOOL 



SPELLING 

1. What is a letter? A syllable? A Word? 

2. Name the vowels and give their sign. Define pronunciation and accent of words. 

3. How is the plural of words formed? What rules regulate the addition of a syllable to 
monosyllables, or words of one syllable, and words of two syllables when accented on the 
last syllable? 

4. Give all the uses of capital letters? 

5. Correct the following if spelled incorrectly? (1) Diveing, (2) Untill, (3) Religeous, (4) 
Headake, (5) Runing, (6) Beleive, (7) Seperate, (8) Refering, (9) Orthorety, (10) Secretery 

DEFINING 
1. Meet (2) Meat, (3) Sea, (4] See, (5) Straight, (6) Strait, (7) Inter, (8) Enter, (9) Need, (10) 
Knead. 

READING 

1. What is reading? 

2. In reading, define accent, articulation, emphasis and inflection. 

3. Name and explain the uses of the different punctuation marks used in reading. 

4. Explain the difference in grammatical and rhetorical pauses in reading. 

5. What are some of the undispensable qualities of good reading, and how do you teach 
them? 

WRITING 
You will be marked on writing by the manner in which you write your answers to the 
questions on reading, just above. 

ARITHMETIC 

1. Name the five fundamental principals or rules of arithmetic, and give the meaning of 
Minuend, Subtractend, Product, Quotient. 

2. Name the vaious kinds of fractions and give an example of each. What do you mean by 
the "least common multiple," and the "greatest common divisor" or a number? Explain 
the difference between the numerator and denominator of a fraction. How do you add, or 
subtract common fractions? 

3. What is the difference between common fractions and docimal fractions? What is the 
difference in result between prefixing a cipher, to a decimal fraction, at the same time 
moving the decimal point one place to the left, and annexing a cipher without moving the 
decimal point? 

4. What is the legal N. C. interest on $450.20 for 2 years. 6 months and 15 days? 

5. How do you calculate the per cent of gain or loss on a sale? Extract the square root of 
54,756. 



ENGLISH GRAMMAR 

1. Name the different parts of speech, and define each. 

2. Name and define the different parts of speech that are subdivided and name those that 
are not subdivided. 

3. What is a sentence, and what are the principal parts of a sentence. Define a phrase, 
clause and modifier. 

4. How many tenses has each of the moods? Defind them. Give the participles in both 
voices of the verb "love." 

5. Define a regular, irregular transitive and intransitive verb. Name the different kind of 
sentences in respect to form, and in regard to meaning, and give an example of each 
class. 

GEOGRAPHY 

1. What is Geography? Name and define its divisions. Name and define the divisions of 
land and water. 

2. Name and explain the motions of the earth. Its orbit. 

3. What is a great circle? A small circle? Meridian circle? A meridian Equator? 

4. Explain Latitude, Longitude. Equinoxes and Solstices. Name, locate and define the 
zones. 

5. Bound the State in which you live and the county in which you live. Name and locate 
the capital of the U. S. and your State; and name and locate the principal city of the U. S., 
and of your State. 

PHYSIOLOGY 

1. What is Physiology? 

2. What is Anatomy? Hygiene? 

3. What are the three general divisions of the bones? Name their uses. 

4. Name the organs of circulation and tell the use of each organ. 

5. What three stages are there in the effect of alcohol on the nervous system? Tell the 
effects of alcohol and tobacco on those who use them. 

N. C. HISTORY 

1. Tell about the early attempts to settle N. C.; and who the prominent settlers were, 
where they came from, where they settled and when was it. 

2. Who were the representatives from N. C. in the first Continental Congress? Name the 
battles of the Revolutionary war fought in N. C. 

3. Tell why N. C. withdrew from the Union in 1861, and what part she took in the civil war 
of that date. 

4. How was N. C. governed upto the Revolutionary War? Who was the first governor 
after the Declaration of Independence? Who, in your opinion, is the greatest man N. C. 
has produced? Who is governor now? 

5. What great statesman, of national reputation, has Warren county produced? Give the 
natural advantages of N. C, and her disadvantages. 

U. S. HISTORY 

1. Where and when was the first permanent English settlement made in the U. S.? What 
other nations made settlements within the present limits of the U. S.? 

2. Name the principal wars of the English colonies in America prior to the Revolution, and 
name some of the noted leaders of that time. 

3. Give the causes of the Revolutionary War. Name some of the principal battles, and tell 
who the chief commanders of the American and British forces were in that war. 



4. What were the causes of the wars of 1812, 1845, and 1896? Name the leading U. S. 
Generals of each of these wars. Give the territory acquired by the war of 1896? 

5. What were the causes of the great Civil war of 1861 - 1865? Who were the great 
Commanders on both sides during this war? Name the first President of the U. S., and 
name the present President and his cabinet. 

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF TEACHING, AND PEDACOGY 

1. Which do you think is the better method of teaching, Inductive or Deductive? Give the 
meaning of these two methods. 

2. Give what you condier the proper qualifications of a true teacher. 

3. What do you think of corporal punishment, and when would you inflict it? How would 
you punish pupils, and for what offenses would you punish them? 

4. Give a general outline of how you would conduct your school - Hours of study and 
recreation. 

5. What are the true rewards of a teacher? 

CIVIL GOVERNMENT 

1. State what you understand is to be taught your pupils in civil government. 

2. What are the principal Divisions of our National Government? 

3. Give the duties of the different branches of our National Government, and tell how the 
different officers are elected. 

4. What are the principal Divisions of our State Government, and of our county 
Government. 

5. Give the duties of the different branches of our State and County Government, and tell 
how the different State and County officers are elected. 

Write out, at the end of your examination papers, the following certificate and sign it, or 

else your papers will not be graded. 

"I hereby certify that I have neither given nor received aid from any source during this 

examination. 

Four hours is ample time for any applicant, who is sufficiently qualified, to occupy in 
taking this examination, and the time taken will be considered in grading the papers. 



In 1850, the following texts were recommended by a specially chosen committee as 
proper books to be used in the Common Schools of Randolph County: Trutman and Hayes 
Spelling Book, Porter's Rhetorical Reader, Webster's Dictionary: Orators own Book, 
Mitchell's Geography, Emmerson's Arithmetique, and Smith's Grammar. However, not 
many of the schools were able to obtain all of these books. The Bible was always used, 
and in many schools it was sometimes studied as the only text. 

The first Committee meeting to be held after 1854, was held on April 15, 1861 when 
petitions were read asking for the election of new committee members and for the 
examination of the teachers. More divisions in the districts were created totaling 71. The 
new committeemen selected for the districts were: 

April 15, 1861 District School Committee 

1. J. C. Leach, Milo O'Brian, William Mendenhall 

2. John Dorsett, J. H. Leach, A. M. Petty 

6 



3. C. A. Blair, William Hill, A. G. Petty 

4. E. N. Davis, Mahlon Millikan, Jesse M. Blair 

5. Joseph Redding, John Farlow, Enoch Farlow 

6. Nathan Spencer, Solomon Frazier, William Tomlison 

7. Jesse Walker, Mordicai Lamb, Newton Newlin 

8. Joseph Farlow, Jonathan , Benjamin Millikan 

9. Joseph C , Kelly Davis, William Branson 

10. Zebedee Hinshaw, Isaac Lane, J. N. Vickory 

11. Julius C John White, A. Osborne 

12. William Osborne, David Chamnoss, Jesse Walker 

13. David Teague, Herman Wilson, David Johnson 

14. Isaac Trogdon, Minus Hinshaw, Samuel Hardie 

15. M. L. Cox, David Staley, William Staley 

16. John B. York, John Hayes, Peter Richardson 

17. S Black, Alfred Troy, H. S. Lane 

18. Nathan Kivett, Elan Staley, Riley Williams 

19. Brinkley Pierce, Jordan Ray, Ransom Harris 

20. William A. Lane, G. W. Ingram, Eli Pearce 

21. R. M. Walker, A. M. Pugh, J. C. Harris 

22. Henry Fuller, John Plummer, William Lowe 

23. John Robbins, M. C. Lamb, F. C. Robbins 

24. Thomas Redding, Macajah Henley, Alexander Byms 

25. Ninon Henley, Isaac Keerns, John A. Craven 

26. Elijah Allred, D. K. Rush, Joshua Davis 

27. Derius Hinshaw, Thomas Jordan, A. J. Laughlin 

28. E. J. C , S. McMasters, J. M. Worth 

29. William Henley, Nathaniel Brown, Lindsay Cox 

30. Tryon Trogdon, Samuel Pace, Peter Julian 

31. Alfred Pike, J. B. Russell, George Makapence 

32. William Wright, William Burrow, A. N. 

33. John Parks, W. B. Allen, Joseph L. R 

34. Daniel Allen, Daniel Henson, A. J. York 

35. John M. S , Elias Macon, Eli Cox 

36. Alfred , Frazier, Solomon 

37. George A. Foust, John W. , Novi Cox 

38. Alfred Caviness, Samuel J. Craven, William S. Marley 

39. Roy Keerns, Marsh Dorsett, James A. Skien 

40. J. C. , Isaac Tompson, H. H. Keerns 

41. Noah Rush, Cornelius Hix, Aaron Lassiter 

42. McCain Russell, Willie Andrews, Cornelius Loflin 

43. Henry Hill, Phillip Clodfellow, John Griffin 

44. Rich Garner, Franklin Davis, Henry Henley 

45. Strider, William Burney, Sidney C. Luther 

46. William Branson, Samuel Hammons, Peter Vuncannon 

47. R. Milks, John Welch, Hillary Luther 

48. William Ludermilk, Edmun Vunkannin, William Presnell 

49. George Auman, John Lucas, James Page 

50. Mathew Woddle, Daniel Brown, Cornelius Neece 

51. Raboun Yow, Israil Lowdermilk, William Tucker 



52. William D , B. L. Coffin, James W. Burrows 

53. William J. Allbright, Zemmi Hancock, Jer Pickett 

54. Daniel B. Leach, Garrett Spinks, Wyatt Williams 

55. E. F. Owens, J , William Macon 

56. Larrence Macon, William Nard, Dennis Moffitt 

57. John Spinks, Abijah Trodgon, John Maness 

58. Daniel Lambert, Henry Lambert, William Phillips 

59. Thomas Craven, Daniel Thomas, C. F. Campbell 

60. L. M. Moffitt, Alfred Moffitt, Paschall McCoy 

61. Nathan Winslow, William M. Milton, W. J. Brookshire 

62. Eli Ward, O. P. Cox, Amejiah Hardin 

63. Lewis Johnson, Nimiah Rush, Alson Johnson 

64. G. W. Hurley, Haley C , William Jones 

65. John B. Troy, Alfred Lane, Abrham Wright 

66. Lewis Bingham, Hiary Bingham, Wilborn Russell 

67. Milton Leonard, Stephen Allred, Alson Jennings 

68. Lee Eldon, A Tomlinson, William English 

69. Samuel Keerns, Samuel Arnold, Jr., Hesekiah Andrews 

70. James Brady, John Brady, Silas Moffitt 

71. William Hughes, Henry Nance, Richard Small 

Perhaps if the Civil War had not interrupted, improvements would have continued, but 
during this time all local efforts were placed on the major crisis and many schools were 
forced to close. Others struggled to remain open by hiring women to teach. 




After the war, separate schools for Negroes were established. Heretofore, some Negro 
children had been attending white schools, especially those privately run by churches. 
Parents who had taught their own and their neighbor's children at home had included 
their Negro children in the group. Also at this time, all apprenticed children were 
required by law to be taught how to read and write by age 21. 

The entire Common School System was revised in 1881 and James T. Cochran was 
chosen as county superintendent. Teacher institutes for both white and negro instructors 
were held for periods of 10 days each. All schools were required to operate for "at least 
three months" and schools in those districts which elected to levy a tax for teachers 
salary were able to operate four month sessions. 

State and local legislation worked to improve the effectiveness of the system. A guide 
for teachers was drawn up which stated: 
Teachers each day will fill and clean lamps and trim wicks. 

Each teacher will bring or see that a bucket of water and wood for fire is provided for 
each day's session. 

Teacher will make and sharpen pens for each pupil's practice sessions of writing. 
After classes, the teacher should spend time reading the Bible and other good books. 
Men teachers may take one evening each week for courting purposes or two evenings if 
they go to church regularly. 

Women teachers who engage in unseemly conduct will be dismissed. 
Every teacher should lay aside from each pay a goodly sum of his earnings for his benefit 
during declining years so that he will not become a burden to society. 
Any teacher who smokes, uses liquor or gets shaved in a barber shop will give good 
reason to suspect his worth, intentions, integrity, and honesty. 




Schools were divided into township areas as much as possible. New committeemen 
were elected to serve these new districts. School buildings were improved or rebuilt, and 
many were consolidated into one new school, therefore reducing the total number of 
schools. 

In 1883 these committees were elected from the following townships: 



1883 School Committees 



New Market: 

R. L. Coltrane 
B. F. Steed 
T. C. Fentress 

New Salem: 

J. W. Pugh 
William Branson 
D. P. Coble 

Liberty: 

I. W. Burgess 
W. P. Fox 

Columbia: 

Henry Craven 
Willam N. Foust 

Union: 

R. M. Cox 
Cummings King 



Franklin ville: 

A. S. Homey 
Hugh Parks 

Asheboro: 

L. D. Birkhead 
J. Hill 

Back Creek: 

Nathan Farlow 
A. G. Robbins 
Z. F. Rush 
Tabernacle: 

A. B. Finch 

B. F. Rush 
F. Pearce 

Brower: 

S. E. Teague 
J. E. Albright 



Richland: 

W. D. King 
H. M. Johnson 

Concord: 

J. B. Homey 
B. W. Steed 
Noah Rush 

Cedar Grove: 

J. W. Ridge 
John Stuart 
Uriah Presnell 

Randleman: 

William Brown 
James T. Bostick 
J. N. Caudle 
A. A. Steed 
J. W. Bean 



Grant: 

Y. H. Cox 
Eli. A. Craven 
Joe Redding 
W. F. Dorsett 

New Hope: 

J. Lassiter 
J. F. Lyndon 
P. M. Riley 

Pleasant Grove: 

H. T. Moffitt 
D. H. Hayworth 
J. A. Cole 

Trinity: 

J. R. Frazier 
A. J. Tomlinson 
W. N. Elder 



Why Not Academy 



One school established around this time was able to serve the community in both a 
public and private school capacity. This school was the Why Not Academy. 

Education activity began at Why Not as soon as the Fair Grove Church was erected in 
1871. According to the church history written by Mrs. Minnie Stuart and sister Mrs. 
Connie Lowdermilk, a school was started in the church on a Monday after the last 
windows were installed on the preceding Saturday. 

James P. Boroughs taught both the private and public schools in and near the church 
until 1892 when he and others purchased land across from Fair Grove church and built a 
school. It was at this date the name of Why Not Academy was established. 

The first session of Why Not Academy was started on August 7, 1893 with J. H. 
Spencer, E. E. McNeil, J. F. Chisholm, M. A. Cagle, and T. W. Lawrence as trustees. J. A. 
King later bought out Mr. Chisholm. Professor Boroughs bought out the trustees for $350 
after the first year. 

Not only was the Primary and Intermediate Departments taught but a High School 
Department was also added. The County paid tuition and other expenses for all 
elementary students to attend the school from October to January and those who could 
afford it received private instruction from August to September as well as during the free 
school. 

The Academy building contained four rooms, two upstairs and two downstairs. The 
primary grades were held upstairs while the lower floor was used for instruction of the 



10 








Why Not Academy 1909 




Last Class at Why Not Academy Spring 1915 

Fifth Row: Tula Morris (Ward) teacher, Pearl Garner, Lila Hancock (Cole), Nova Stutts (Yarborough), Lela 

Smith (Lemonds), Eva Smith (Hulin), Clayton Monroe (deceased). Eldon Garner. 

Fourth Row: Lizzie Lawrence (Farlow), Hazel Garner (Dixon), Ruth McNeill, Pearl Cagle (deceased). Maple 

Lawrence (Stevens) (deceased), Lillian King (Tysor), Mary Alice Lawrence (deceased). 

Third Row: J. B. Slack, Mozelle Hancock (Leach) - with bow, Valentine Hancock, Hattie Yow (Boone). Alton 

Stutts. Flossie Yow (Hancock) (deceased), (skip three girls of second row), Clarence Cagle, James Cagle, 

Elizabeth Slack (Williams). 

Second Row: Carl Smith (deceased), Curtis Garner (deceased). Clifford Lawrence, Harry Monroe (deceased), 

Paul Hancock, Otis Stutts. Clyde Cagle, Claude Smith (deceased), Floyd McNeill, John Lawrence. Verne Stuart. 

Kneeling in Front: Ralph Lawrence, Homer Hancock, Carlie Stutts (deceased). 

11 



high school students. 

School day began at 8:30 am and lasted until 4:30 pm. A bell rang at 8 o'clock to warn 
the students and then again at 8:30. Any late comers received demerits from their 
grades. Several of these rated a whipping - boys and girls alike. 

Boys and girls were not permitted to sit together in the same class room. A walled 
partition separated them and the Professor was able to sit in front of the room and 
observe both sides of the partition. There was no speaking between the girls and boys. 
Even on the grounds this rule was effected. According to Mrs. Bertha Richardson special 
permission had to be obtained to even speak to a brother or sister. 

Due to the rigid discipline of Professor Boroughs the school received an excellent name 
throughout this section of the country. Students attended from Moore, Montgomery, 
Surry and Guilford counties and others and from all areas of Randolph. 

These students boarded with local families. The Spencer, King, and Cagle families 
were a few that received students. Some boarded taking meals with the families, others 
rented rooms and did light housekeeping. Board was $7 to $8 per month and rooms 
unfurnished rented for 50 cents to $1.00 while furnished rooms were $.75 to $1.50. 
Washing and ironing were extra. 

The school was run successfully by J. P. Boroughs until the summer of 1900 when he 
was elected Register of Deeds for Randolph County. 

G. F. Garner, who had been in charge of the Commercial and Penning Department for 
several years, leased the property. In 1903 he purchased the building and four acres of 
land for $500. He updated the Advanced Department adding typewriters, new desks and 
other equipment. He then called it Why Not Academy and Business Institute. According 
to his catalog each student was expected to have a Bible in his possession and 
was encouraged to read it regularly. Boarding students were required to be in their 
rooms by 7 o'clock nightly for study. 

"The people of Why Not and surrounding Community are respectfully requested not to 
give any social entertainment or parties to which they invite students during the school 
week. We must insist that the student's business here is to study and the attendance 
upon such entertainments or parties is detrimental to his school life." 

It is the object of the Principal to make the discipline uniform, kind, but firm. Every 
student is taught the right and is required to do the right. We expect to make the type of 
our school high with respect to morality, and we will not be bothered with mean and 
vicious pupils. Any student willfully violating the rules of school, or whose influence is 
known to be injurious to the morals and scholarship of his fellow students will be 
dismissed in dishonor. 

Students entering the school must agree to observe the following regulations. 

1. To apply themselves diligently to their studies during study hours at night and 
during school hours in the day, when not on recitation. 

2. To be prompt at meals and all school exercises and recitations. 

3. Not to write or pass notes, nor communicate by word, sign or otherwise during 
school hours, except by permission. 

4. Not to use profane or indecent language. 

5. Not to carry concealed weapons. 

6. Not to use any intoxicating drink or narcotic drugs of any king, except in case of 
dangerous sickness or prescribed by a physician. 

7. Not to smoke cigarettes, nor use tobacco in any form in or around any building on 
the school grounds. If any student persists in using it elsewhere his standing will be 
thereby lowered and so entered on his record. 

12 



8. Not to mark, cut, or in anyway deface the school property, trees or grounds. The 
student is required to pay for damage done to property by him. 

9. Not to play cards, or any game of chance, nor to indulge in any conduct, in or out 
of school, known to be damaging to the students or to the interests of school. 

10. Young gentlemen are not allowed to make calls on young ladies, and young 
ladies are not allowed to have young gentlemen visitors, except by permission of parents 
or guardian and Principal. 

11. Every student is required to be at his boarding place from 7 o'clock at night until 
8 o'clock in the morning. 

12. No student will be allowed to leave the school or his or her boarding place, 
except by permission of the Principal, or his representative. Boarding students who go 
home on Friday evenings are excused to leave as soon as their week's work is done. 

The catalog also stated there were no short courses offered but a "thorough complete 
and practice course in each department. The time required to complete either the 
Commercial, Penmanship, Shorthand or Typewriting course depends upon the aptness 
and application of the student. The average time was from four to six months to complete 
these courses while four years was required for completion of a literary course. 

The Primary Department embraced the first four grades as taught in the Public School 
course of the state. In the Intermediate Department the fifth, sixth and seventh grades 
were taught as indicated in the Public School course while in the High School Department 
were taught the eighth, ninth, and tenth grades. 

The same books were used for the lower grades as was selected for use in public 
schools of North Carolina. High School level of Mathematics used Robinson, Wentworth, 
Milne books; Latin scholars used Bingham, Collar and Daniell, Allen and Greenough 
books. English History used the Montgomery book but General History had to rely on the 
Myers book. Physical Geography embraced Maury. Commercial students used William 
and Rogers. Shorthand books were by Pernin. The cost of books varied from $3.00 to 
$9.00 per student depending on the subjects studied. Supplementary reading was 
required in all departments. Penmanship and Music students were to practice one hour 
each day and more if deemed necessary. 

The Commercial Department taught Spelling and Definitions; Bookkeeping - single and 
double entry. Commercial Law, Commercial Arithmetic, Grammer and Correspondence, 
Punctuation, Plain Penmanship, Banking, and Business Practice. 

Ornatmental Penmanship, Pen Flourishing, Pen Drawing, Blackboard Writing and 
Specimen Work were offered in the Penmanship Department. 

Shorthand and typewriting were taught the Pernin Universal Phonographic form with 
practice work on the Oliva Typewriter. Diplomas were only given after passing an 
examination and writing as many as one hundred words per minute. Typing required 
sixty words per minute. It was the purpose to prepare students with a practical 
education equipped to work in various business or to advance their studies at college 
level. 

Religious influence were stressed in all classes. The school day opened with devotions. 
All students were required to attend Sunday School and Church Service at one of the 
local churches. 

Also required was physical exercise. All students, when weather permitted, took part 
in out-door game. "A sound mind cannot exist without a sound body." 

Of all the activities, perhaps, Commencement Day has been most fondly recalled. 
Neighbors came from miles around to join in the gaity and fellowship. Tents were erected 
under the trees where ice cream and lemonade were sold. Cake, cookies, and 
sandwiches were in abundance. Novelists and even photographers were on hand to take 

13 



rememberance pictures. These were small about 1 inch square - and sold for one cent 
each. These were traded with friends and pasted in scrap books as a token of the day. 
Musicians with stringed instruments filled the air with rythm. 

Many recall that it was at Why Not they saw their first automobile. Someone from 
Randleman had driven down in one for the event. Horses that were tied in the shade of 
trees broke loose and went astray, running into tents making general havac. But soon all 
was righted when the vehicle was parked some distance away. 

It was not all frolic for coveted metals were awarded. Many students had worked hard 
to prepare for these contests. In 1908 Rev. John M. Gibbs of Hope Mills gave the address 
and the following students won awards. 

Reciter's medal, Miss Bertha Yow, Seagrove, N. C. 

Declaimer's medal, Mr. J. A. Russell, Troy, N. C. 

Reciter's medal to children, Miss Nova Stutts 
The honorable Robert N. Page was present in 1909 when the medals were given to: 

Reciter's medal, Miss Margret Slack, Seagrove, N. C. 

Declaimer's medal, Mrs. J. A. Hulin, Troy, N. C. 

Reciter's medal to children, Miss Katie Belle Cagle 

Why Not Academy And Business Institute 1909-1910 



Cochran, Rose, 
Cox, Beulah, 
Cox, Gelyar, 
Cox, Obert, 
Copeland, Fannie 
Copeland, JohnB., 
Freeman, Lena 
Freeman, Laura G., 
Freeman, Willie 
Garner, Walter C. 
Garner, Herbert L., 
Garner, Bertha L., 
Garner, Grady R., 
Garner, AlvahE., 
Garner, Eldon C, 
Graves, Otis, 
Graves, Filmore, 
Hancock, Maggie L., 
Hancock, Lummie 
Hancock, Lila M., 
Hancock, Ora E., 
Hulin, D. F., 
Hulin, J. A., 
Harper, May, 
Horner, Lula, 
Horner, Ethel, 
Howard, Hattie, 
Hunsucker, H. G. 
King, D. O., 
King, Wm. C, 



Montgomery 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Moore 

Moore 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Moore 

Moore 

Montgomery 

Randolph 

Randolph 



King, Elsie, Randolph 

King, Myrtle, Randolph 

King, Clyde, Randolph 

King, Rufus, Randolph 

King, Boyd, Randolph 

King, Allene, Randolph 

King, Ethel, Randolph 

Lawerence, Everett, Randolph 

Lawerence, Faye, Randolph 

Lawerence, Pauline, Randolph 

Lawerence, Delphine, Randolph 

Lilly, Orlendo, Randolph 

Ledbetter, Roy E. Randolph 

Ledbetter, James P., Randolph 

Ledbetter, Margaret Randolph 

Lowdermilk, H. H., Randolph 

Lowdermilk, Stacy C, Randolph 

Luck, Fleta A., Randolph 

Maness, Willie B., Moore 

Maness, W.L., Moore 

Maness, L.R., Moore 

Monroe, Graham, Randolph 

Monroe, Ada C, Randolph 

Monroe, Clayton, Randolph 

Moore, Lorena, Randolph 

McNeill, C. C, Moore 

McNeill, Lula, Moore 

McNeill, Beulah, Moore 

McNeill, Estelle, Randolph 

McNeill, Laura, Randolph 



14 



McNeill, Swanna 


Randolph 


Spencer, Pearl, 


Randolph 


McNeill, Lovey, 


Randolph 


Seawell, John S., 


Moore 


Owen, Houston J., 


Randolph 


Stutts, Annie J., 


Randolph 


Parks, Junie L., 


Randolph 


Stutts, Erastus E., 


Randolph 


Parks, Jessie M., 


Randolph 


Stutts, Herman D., 


Randolph 


Presnell, Murtis, 


Randolph 


Stutts, Elflaca, 


Randolph 


Presnell, Effie 


Randolph 


Stutts, Farry 0., 


Randolph 


Russell, Pearl, 


Randolph 


Stutts, Nova E., 


Randolph 


Russell, Bertha, 


Randolph 


Strider, Nova, 


Randolph 


Russell, J. A., 


Montgomery 


Trogdon, Conie, 


Randolph 


Slack, Margaret T., 


Randolph 


Vuncannon, Cletus, 


Randolph 


Slack, J. M., 


Randolph 


Welch, Perry L., 


Randolph 


Slack, E. L., 


Randolph 


Yow, Zora, 


Randolph 


Slack, Martha, 


Randolph 


Yow, Hattie, 


Randolph 


Slack, Dewey, 


Randolph 


Yow, Vernie, 


Randolph 


Slack, Emery, 


Randolph 


*Yow, Emmett A., 


Randolph 


Slack, Buddie, 


Randolph 


Yow, Beatrice, 


Randolph 


Stuart, Mabel G., 


Randolph 


Yow, Eula E., 


Randolph 


Stuart, Hester S., 


Randolph 


Yow, Amelia, 


Randolph 






Yow, Bertha, 


Randolph 



*Since Deceased. 



Tuition Of Why Not Academy 



Primary Department $1.00 to $1.50 Commercial Department $3.00 

Intermediate Department $1.50 to 2.00 Penmanship Department $3.00 

High School Department $2.00 to 3.00 Shorthand and typewriting $3.00 

Music (including use of instrument) $2.50 



Seagrove School 

On April 3, 1911, it was ordered by the county school board that "the community 
around Seagrove in Richland Township be given a district on the following conditions: 
that they build a school house at their own expense in keeping with the need of the people 
to be served and the educational idea of the county not to the detriment of Blalock or any 
other district, and as near the center of the proposed district as possible for the best 
interests of the patron of the school in said district." 

The place selected for the first Seagrove School was just south of the present residence 
of Carl King, using the vacated flour mill. Lewis Parks gave the land and building on the 
condition that it would revert back to his family if the school was ever dissolved. Henry 
Yow and others furnished the money to buy necessary items for the school. Madison 
Farlow agreed to furnish the lumber for remodeling the building and all the neighbors 
agreed to provide the labor needed. 

By that winter the school was ready for the pupils. Miss Romie Yow was the first 
teacher. In 1912, the county allotted only $50 to pay part of the salary since it was still 
listed as a private school. But by the next session it was accepted as part of the public 



15 



common School system. Seagrove was officially listed as District #17 in Richland 
Township. It was ordered that the A & A Railroad be the line between Why Not and 
Blalock School and that the town limits be the line for Seagrove. 

In spite of a very small budget, this was a time for growth in all the surrounding 
schools. A petition to create a new school district in Union Township between Ulah and 
High Pines School was entered July 3, 1911. This was accepted and the district was 
alloted $300 for building costs. Another teacher was given to Cross Roads School and 
also to Mt. Olivet School. A new schoolhouse was built for Piney Ridge. The old one was 
sold and the proceeds were spent for improvements. 



1911 Committeemen 



Brower 



Richland 



Union 



Cedar Grove 



Trogdon - W. S. Gardner, G. F. Gatlin, J. L. Owens 
Mt. Olivet - T. W. Maness, E. B. Leach, B. F. Brown 
Antioch - L. Q. Asbill, Simon Cox, J. H. Macon 
Brower - J. W. Brower, Hardy Chrisco 

Rock Springs - Noah King, M. J. Presnell, J. M. Vuncannon 
Blalock - W. H. Russell, J. W. Richardson, A. Burroughs 
Why Not - J. A. Monroe, M. A. Cagle, T. W. Lawrence 
Cross Roads - R. H. Brown, W. M. Staley, J. C. Lowdermilk 
New Center - W. M. Chrisco, T. F. Craven, Ruffin Cole 
Cox - O. M. Yow, W. R. Graves 

Welch - C. W. Shaw, J. M. Luther, C. H. Lucas 
High Pine - R. M. Cagle, A. R. Callicutt, W. L. Vuncannon 
Dunn's Cross Roads - J. S. Richardson, L. King, R. L. Lucas 
Mountain - J. R. Richardson, W. R. Williams, J. B. Presnell 
Pisgah - G. O. Bean, S. A. Cox, Thomas Slack 
Rocky Ridge - W. A. Dawson, E. O. Hussey, E. Whatley 



January 1912 School Census 



Richland : 




Union: 




Brower: 




Rock Springs 


51 


Welch 


109 


Trodgon 


51 


Blalock 


98 


High Pine 


75 


Mt. Olivet 


54 


Why Not 


90 


Dunn's Cross Roads 


78 


Antioch 


33 


Cross Roads 


70 


Mountain 


70 


Brower 


30 


New Center 


74 


Pisgah 


38 


Cedar Grove: 




Oak Glade 


47 






Rocky Ridge 


85 



In 1916 Why Not was asked to consolidate with Seagrove, but loyal Why Not Patrons 
opposed the move so it was left for "a time". The Pleasant Grove school was to be painted 
if the patrons would pay 2/3 of the cost. Part of these pupils were allowed to join with 
Chatham County in a school located near the county line, since their school had become 
overcrowded. Some of the patrons at the Moore County line asked for and were granted 
permission to attend Needham's Grove. Some other students found it more convenient to 
attend Mt. Olivet while Davis School was being erected in the tip end of Richland 
Township on Brower's Mill Road. Seagrove School was alloted four teachers because the 
excellant quality of education there enticed many pupils from the fringe lines of Rock 
Springs, Blalock and Why Not. 

16 





Commencement at Seagrove's first school 
J. Will Bean, Principal and Bertha Garner, grade teacher. 



I 




DUNN'S CROSS ROADS SCHOOL CLASS OF 1919 

Reece Cole. Lillian Sykes, Mary Rose, Melba Cole, Lynn Auman, Bernice Auman, 
Hazel Auman, Ervin Cole. Dossie Rose, Clyde Lucas, Myrtle Rose. Lora Rose, 
Lemar Lucas. Everett Auman. Stella Lucas. Nina Beane. Jewell Thomas, John 
Rose, Lola King, Cora Rose, Ray Cole. Roy Cole, Arthur Auman. Edna Auman. 
Theodore Auman. 

17 



On January 7, 1918, it was decided by the county board to build a new building for 
Seagrove. The location "shall be on the West side of the Railroad at the point most 
suitable which is the lot at the end of the proposed strut running west from the planning 
mill provided, however, the street is opened for the convenience of the people and School 
children and provided the lot can be purchased in accordance with the law. This is the 
site selected by the County Superintendent and the building shall be constructed by fall 
provided there is no objection raised by the majority of the people." 

In April, it was ordered that the new schoolhouse about to be built would be located on 
the East side of the railroad, just east of Frank Auman's residence, instead of west as 
first decided. It was at this time that Frank Auman was appointed to the school 
committee to replace Mr. Callicutt who had left the district. At the meeting in July, $750 
was appropriated to the new school at Seagrove. The old one was to be sold at an auction 
with the proceeds to be used to aid the building fund. The lot was returned to Mr. Lewis 
Parks who gave it originally for school purposes. 

The site for the new school was deeded by William Stutts to the school committee, M. F. 
Farlow, L. T. Parks, and Frank Auman for the sum of $200.00. In addition to the Richland 
School Committee, W. C. Garner and E. B. Leach were appointed to the building 
committee. 

However, there was strong opposition from Blalock, Why Not, and the Rock Springs 
district, petitions were read to the county board pleading for the retainment of their own 
schools. On August 23, 1919 the following was noted in the minute book. 

"The purpose of this meeting was to determine whether or not the Seagrove 
schoolhouse should be built on the east side of the railroad or whether it should be built 
at all. Owing to the fact that building materials had been purchased for the building and 
placed on the grounds, it was decided to continue with the new house on the site 
purchased about a year ago." 

The School Board decided to leave Blalock School as it was, and Why Not was given a 
school of grades 1-4, since their old building had burned, providing the patrons would 
furnish their own building. Rock Springs was allowed to cut timbers on the school ground 
and build in time for the fall session. $200.00 from the county budget was alloted for this 
project. The first session of Seagrove school, to be held in the new building which now 
featured a high school, opened in the spring of 1920. Why Not was discontinued in 1921 
and Blalock closed in 1924. Rock Springs also closed at a later date. 

1920 Committeemen 

Trogdon - W. M. Kiser, R. E. Baldwil, E. O. Garner 

Mt. Olivet - G. W. Teague, L. O. Sugg, D. Y. Bray 

Antioch - Arthur Hicks, B. F. Kearns 

County Line - J. W. Brower 

Rock Springs - Noah King, J. M. Vuncannon 

Blalock - A. Boroughs, W. H. Russell, J. S. Lucas 

Cox - O. M. Yow, W. R. Graves 

Cross Roads - J. M. Brower, T. J. Bean, R. L. Albright 

Center - Ruffin Cole, Frank Craven, A. C. Lowdermilk 

Oak Glade - W. M. Staley - Daniel McCarn 

Seagrove - Frank Auman, Madison Farlow, A. R. Auman 

Davis - Clark Spencer, Calvin Chrisco, Frank Davis 

Welch - E. A. Shaw, Shelton Strider 

High Pine - R. O. Parks, W. L. Vuncannon 

18 



Dunn's Cross Roads - Bethel Lucas 

Pisgah - S. A. Cox, H. A. Lucas, Thomas Slack 

Mountain - D. A. Dorsett, W. M. Coble, Jasper Vuncannon 

Ulah - Carl Lewallen, E. Whattley, H. M. Cranford 

Rocky Mountain - R. F. Garner, J. F. Thomas, Monroe Brower 

Piney Ridge - W. M. Caviness, W. M. Cheek, Giles Goldstone 

Mitchel - L. J. Strickland, Herbert Foust, B. A. Lowdermilk 

Strieby - Zill Lassiter, B. H. Hill 

Elections were held at this time in several districts to vote on tax levies, but none were 
passed. In 1923, at a joint meeting of the County School Board and the County 
Commissioners a tax rate for the schools was fixed. 

The first bus was purchased for the area in 1924. The route was from Garners Store to 
Seagrove, and the bus was also to transport that portion of Cox district which desired to 
attend Seagrove thereby causing Cox School to be discontinued. Seagrove also received 
students from Blalock which had closed also. 

With the new influx of pupils, Seagrove School was again overcrowded. Contracts 
were made with Northray and O'Brian, architects in Winston, to draw up a set of 
blueprints for a new brick building. On February 1, 1926, after opening all bids, the 
contract was awarded to Burrows and Lamb of Asheboro, the lowest bid at $29,985.00. 
The Albemarle Plumbing and Heating offered and was accepted for the low bid of 
$3,747.00 for their work. The old schoolhouse and grounds were sold in November of 1926 
to the highest bidder, B. A. King, for $1900.00. 

The construction of the school was completed in time to open for the fall session of 
1926. It was located on the east side of the railroad where the present school now stands. 
The school contained 12 class rooms, rest room facilities, an office and an auditorium. 
The classes included grades 1-7 of grammar school and grades 8-11 of high school. There 
was also room left for the organization of a library. Mr. A. E. Posten became principal of 
the new school, replacing Mr. B. H. McCarn. 

More buses were put on the roads to transport high school students from the 
surrounding elementary schools. Major roads and highways had been put into good 
shape by this time, but county roads were still impassable in rough winter weather. In 
many cases the students had to walk several miles to meet the bus. 

In 1928, a state law was passed regulating the bus speed to a maximum of 26 mph, and 
a uniform signal was added to give warning to motorists that the bus was stopping. The 
drivers salaries were increased to $7.50 month for those making two trips and $6.00 
month for those making only one. 

A general policy was developed so that all patrons living in areas where there was no 
tax levey to be expected, were to either transport their own high school students or pay 
10 cents per mile each day for use of the new bus system. This did not apply to grade 
students and by 1930 this was eliminated for the high school students also. 

In 1935, the community decided to build a gymnasium. Lumber and other materials 
were donated. Labor was supplied by children and adults who were interested in having 
a basketball team to represent Seagrove at intramural games. That fall the Board of 
Education gave $50 toward painting it. This gym lasted until it was torn down and 
replaced by a new gym which was completed in 1961. 

The first caferteria was built at the end of the gym in 1943 before a new one was built 
in 1953. 

The schools had come a long way in fifty years. From one room log houses heated by 
fireplaces to modern brick structures with steam heat; from out-houses to indoor flush 

19 



toilets, from oil lamps to electricity, from paths to buses; the reconstruction of planning 
and management in 1881 had reaped many rewards. 

School attendance had developed from a scant 3 month learning period to 4 months in 
1881. In 1927 the length of the term increased to six months and then increased again to 
eight months in 1929. The eight-month term remained until 19 when a ruling changed the 
system to a nine-month school year. 

In the late twenties and during the thirties the most emphasis was placed on 
consolidated schools, especially those with high school levels included. Old time one and 
two room houses were repaired to last only a short time. The insurance coverage was 
removed from these decaying structures, and the budgets alloted them were meager. In 
one notation, Mountain School was alloted $35.00 a month to pay someone to assist Miss 
Briles with the provision that she teach for 10 percent less than her regular salary and 
that the wood be furnished free. Wood cost $1.75 per cord in 1938. 

Patrons of the school districts realized that if they wanted to make their local schools 
better, they would have to ban together and consolidate several small schools under one 
roof. Petitions from various areas were heard by the School Board. The School 
Committees worked hard with the County Board to keep up with the numerous requests. 
A delegation from Red House, Salem, and Strieby colored schools came before the board 
asking for a consolidation of these three districts. Piney Ridge and Pleasant Hill 
requested transportation to the Ramseur and Asheboro High Schools. New Hope, Brower 
Township, and Union all petitioned for new buildings. A few single schools requested 
their pupils be bused to Seagrove. These schools were Union Grove, Grant Township, 
Ulah School, Mt. Lebanon of Cedar Grove and Kings Mountain of Union. In cases of 
transfer to Seagrove, bus service was provided. Sometimes districts were divided as in 
the case of Mt. Lebanon, in which part of the students were sent to Farmer and those in 
the southeastern section came to Seagrove. 

Then on Saturday night, the 24th of March, 1934, Seagrove high school burned. The 
cause of the fire was thought to be faulty electrical wiring on the stage of the auditorium. 
Six weeks of the school term remained; and all the record books and supplies had been 
destroyed. The community pitched in to help. Classes were held in Ivey Luck's store, in 
the 2nd story of Dave Cornelison's store, in the Christian Church and in the newly built 
Methodist Church which was given $75 by the County Board for the use of the building. 
The teachers used books brought from home in addition to the encyclopedias used to 
teach the high schoolers. The Commencement exercises for the Class of 1934 were held in 
the Seagrove Methodist Church. During the summer the school was rebuilt according to 
the old plans and was ready for occupancy by the fall term. 

In May of 1935, plans were made for the construction of a new school building in Union 
Township. Two petitions were entered for the location. The first requested that it be 
located near Ed Lanier's home and the other requested that it be near Pisgah Methodist 
Church. It was decided to place the school half-way between, which was near Pisgah 
Store. 

The School was completed in 1935 and named Union School. It incorporated the 
elementary departments of Welch, High Pine, Mountain and Pisgah schools. Classes 
began that fall. 

Approval of $6000.00 for a new school in Erect was made in 1937. Brower School, as it 
was named, was a one story structure of four classrooms and an auditorium. It was 
consolidated of the old Mt. Olivet, Trogdon, and Antioch School Districts. 

In 1942, the Agricultural Department was established at Seagrove. The old Christian 
Church was purchased from Amos Farlow and Walter Wright for $700.00. Water was 
installed, as were blackboards and other essentials. The class was then moved to a small 

20 



building on the south side of the school. This building served as a cannery for the 
community. This building was used until 1961 when a modern structure was erected on 
the school grounds. The old church building was sold to Boyd King who converted it into 
apartments. 

Seagrove School has had several additions since it was rebuilt in 1934. Today it serves 
as a Primary, Elementary and Junior High School with approximately 875 students. 
1949 - 9 class rooms were built 

1953 - The Home Economics and Science labs were added; also the cafeteria. 
1961 - Union School discontinued to Seagrove 

1961 - New gymnatorium and walkway added and Agricultural Building 
1967 - Seagrove School Library was built in the old auditorium 
1969 - Southwest High School built 



Seagrove Principals 



Romie Yow 
Mr. Wilson 
Hubert Cranford 
B. G. Leonard 
W.J. Bean 
W. C. King 
A.B.Cox 
W. C. King 
B. H. McCarn 



1911-1912 
1912-1913 
1913-1914 
1914-1915 
1915-1916 
1916-1919 
1919-1920 
1921-1922 
1922-1925 



A. E.Posten 
Harvey White 
James Greene 
J. R. Robbins 
Ernest Borthner 
W. H. Dewar 
J. A. Barker 
Gerald Braswell 
Weldon Craven 



1925-1927 
1929-1931 
1931-1943 
1943-1944 
1944-1947 
1947-1952 
1952-1961 
1961-1976 
1976- 



1947 SCHOOL COMMITTEE 

Brower 

Clay Suggs 
Coy Comer 
F. F. Gatlin 

Seagrove 

Hubert Auman 
B. A. King 
S. G. Richardson 
E. E. Lanier 
Ervin Cole 



1955 SCHOOL COMMITTEE 

Brower 

Clay Suggs 
Clinton Asbill 
Roy Macon 

Seagrove 

Hubert Auman 
Walter Parks 
Ervin Cole 
Roy Cole 
Leighton Lawrence 




Seagrove School - 1931 

21 



Seagrove School 1926-1927 





First Row: Dellamaie Graves Cagle, Clyde Graves, Euna Walker Garner, Leana Moore Dixon. 

Second Row: Ruth Farlow Garner, Eva Maness Luck, Susan Lowdermilk Bourghus, Nina Bean 

Voncannon, Blanche Parks Spencer. Leighton Lawrence, Esta Slack, Cruston Lowdermilk. 

Third Row: Paul Lucas. Monzelle Hancock Leach, Ethel Voncannon Davis, Rona Harman, Lillian King 

Tysor, Elbert Sykes, Mary Tucker Rich, Ruby Brooks Suggs. 

Fourth Row: Lewis Tucker. Clifford Lawrence, Rankin Richardson, Jimmie Comer, Miss Littie Oquinn- 

teacher, Treece Richardson. Alton Cox, Leslie Auman. 



SEAGROVE SCHOOL #2 1926 
Back row: Wade Boone, Ber- 
nice Auman, Theadore Auman, 
Philmore Graves, Neta Welch. 
Front row: Myrtle Lucas, Hazel 
Auman, Mary Leach, Nolan 
Voncannon, Lena Russell. 





SEAGROVE SCHOOL #2 1926 
Back row: Wade Boone, George Harmon, Herman Brown, Theadore Auman. Bernice 
Auman, Philmore Graves, Clyde Chriscoe, Amos Farlow, Jimmy Farlow, , Lena 

Russell, Elphata Stutts, and Lora Rose. Front row: Josie Cox, Neta Welch, Myrtle Lucas, 
Lisa Lawrence, Nola Voncannon, Mary Leach, Hazel Auman, Talmage Brown. 

22 



The Hickory Stick 

These rules appear in Charles L. Coon's NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS AND 
ACADEMIES, 1790 - 1840: A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY (Raleigh, N. C, 1915), pp. 763-64. 

Lashes 

Boys & Girls Playing Together 4 

Quareling 4 

Fighting 5 

Fighting at School 5 

Quareling at School 3 

Gambleing or Beting at School 4 

Playing at Cards at School 10 

Climbing for Every foot Over three feet up a tree 1 

Telling Lyes 7 

Telling Tales Out of School 8 

Nick Naming Each Other 4 

Giving Each Other 111 Names 3 

Fighting Each Other in time of Books 2 

Swaring at School 8 

Blackgarding Each Other 6 

For Misbehaving to Girls 10 

For Leaving School without Leave of the Teacher 4 

Going Home with each other without Leave of the Teacher 4 

For Drinking Spirituous Liquors at School 8 

Making Swings & Swinging on Them 7 

For Misbehaving when a stranger is in the House 6 

For waring Long Finger Nailes 2 

For Not Making a bow when a Stranger Comes in or goes out 3 

Misbehaving to Persons on the Road 4 

For Not Making a bow when you Meet a Person 4 

For Going to Girls Play Places 3 

Coming to School with Dirty face and Hands 2 

For Calling Each Other Liars 4 

For Playing Bandy 10 

For Bloting Your Copy Book 2 
For Not making a bow when you go home or when you come away 4 

Wrestling at School 4 

Scuffling at School 4 

For Not Making a bow when going out to go home 2 

For Weting Each other Washing at Play time 2 

Girls Going to Boys Play Places 2 

For Hollowing & Hooping Going Home 3 

For Delaying Time Going home or coming to School 4 

For Not Making a bow when you Come in or go Out 2 

For Throwing Any Thing Harder than your trab ball 4 

For Every word you mis In your Hart Leson without Good Excuse 1 

For Not Saying yes Sir & no Sir or yes marm or no marm 2 

For Troubleing Each others Writing affares 2 

For Not washing at playtime when going to Books 4 

For Going & Playing about the Mill or Creek 6 

For Going about the Barn or doing Any Mischief about the place 7 

23 




WINNERS OF THE FIRST RANDOLPH COUNTY BASKET BALL TOURNAMENT 1929 - 1930 
Front row: Leona Spencer, Dellamaie Graves. Jennie Belle Auman. Back row: Pearl Lucas, Nina Beane, Mrs. Lyde Auman 
(coach), Emma Smith, Vivian Parks. 




PINEY RIDGE SCHOOL 

Mrs. Mary W. Johnson, middle back, was the teacher. Students were Margaret Spencer, Sallie Brady, Opheria Brown, Clara 
Letterlough, Clarence Luck, Montia Luck, Bernie Spencer, Betty Baldwin, John Lewis Chamber, Ann Brady, James A. 
Cassady, Camellia Cheek, Hildra Cassady, Howard Brady, Eary Jean Letterlough, Junior Cassady, Nancy Baldwin. Shirley 
Brown and Charles William Letterlough. 



24 







1921 - 1922 




Name of 


Number of 


Name of 


Name of 


Township 


District 


District 


Teacher 


Grant 


1 


Fair Grove 


Johnson, Mittie 


Grant 


2 


Union Grove 


Lynch, Mrs. R. F. 


Grant 


3 


Rocky Mount 


Lewallen, C. A. 


Grant 


4 


Bethel 


Rose, Lora 


Grant 


4 


Bethel 


Brown, Maie 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Luther, J. H. 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Frye, Addie 


Brower 


1 


Trogdon 


Kearns, J. L. 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Hoover, G. E. 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Hoover, Wrenn Berta 


Brower 


3 


Antioch 


Cox, E. C. 


Richland 


1 


Rock Spring 


King, Annie 


Richland 


1 


Rock Spring 


Hammond, Belva 


Richland 


2 


Blalock 


Rose, Cora 


Richland 


3 


Cox 


Lawrence. Lenora B. 


Richland 


4 


Cross Roads 


Richardson, S. G. 


Richland 


4 


Cross Roads 


Richardson, Treva 


Richland 


5 


New Center 


Hancock, Ency 


Richland 


6 


Oak Glade 


Yow, Dena 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


King, W. C. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Gregson, Sarah 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Slack, Miller Elbie 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Lowdermilk, Lola 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Spoon, Maud Lee 


Richland 


8 


Davis 


Garner, G. 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Callicutt, Mrs. Hilda 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Lucas, Cloie 


Union 


2 


High Pine 


Adams, M. H. 


Union 


3 


Dunn's Cross Roads 


Trogdon, Maggie 


Union 


4 


Mountain 


Ashworth, Mattie 


Union 


5 


Pisgah 


Luther, Thomas 


Union 


6 


Staley 
Colored Schools 


Brown, G. A. 


Grant 




Mitchell 


Strickland, J. L. 


Brower 




Pleasant Hill 


Brewer, Flossie 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Spinks, Henrietta 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Walkins, Louise 


Union 




Strieby 


Capel, Amanda 



25 



1922 - 1923 



Name of 


Number of Name of 


Name of 


Township 


District District 


Teacher 


Grant 


1 Fair Grove 


Cox, T. R. 


Grant 


2 Union Grove 


Siler, Estelle 


Grant 


3 Rocky Mount 


Stevens, H. H. 


Grant 


4 Bethel 


Hinshaw, Clyde 


Grant 


4 Bethel 


Brown, Maie 


Cedar Grove 


1 Ulah 


J. H. Luther 


Cedar Grove 


1 Ulah 


Addie Frye 


Brower 


1 Trogdon 


Rose, Lora 


Brower 


2 Mt. Olivet 


Hoover, G. E. 


Brower 


2 Mt. Olivet 


Hoover, Mrs. G. E. 


Brower 


3 Antioch 


Brown, G. A. 


Richland 


1 Rock Spring 


Trogdon, Frank 


Richland 


1 Rock Spring 


Cox, B. G. 


Richland 


2 Blalock 


Welch, Mrs. G. C. 


Richland 


3 Cox 


Lawrence, Mrs. L. B. 


Richland 


4 Cross Roads 


Richardson, S. G. 


Richland 


4 Cross Roads 


Scotten, Ornice 


Richland 


5 New Center 


Garner, Annie 


Richland 


6 Oak Glade 


Moffit, E. F. 


Richland 


7 Seagrove 


McCarn, B. H. 


Richland 


7 Seagrove 


Slack, Mrs. J. B. 


Richland 


7 Seagrove 


Lynch, Mrs. R. F. 


Richland 


7 Seagrove 


Genter, Geo. T. 


Richland 


7 Seagrove 


Vuncanon, Ruth 


Richland 


8 Davis 


Owen, Rosa 


Union 


1 Welch 


Lucas, Cloie 


Union 


1 Welch 


Rose, Cora 


Union 


2 High Pine 


Parks, Bertha 


Union 


3 Dunn's X Roads 


Trogdon, Maggie 


Union 


4 Mountain 


Presnell, Linna 


Union 


5 Pisgah 


Parks, Mada 


Union 


6 Staley 
Colored Schools 


Stevens, Mrs. H. R. 


Union 


1 Strieby 


Capel, Amanda 


Grant 


1 Mitchell 


Caveness, J. M. 


Brower 


1 Pleasant Hill 


Brewer, Flossie 


Richland 


1 Piney Ridge 


Spinks, Henrietta 


Richland 


1 Piney Ridge 


Watkins, Louise 



26 



1923 - 1924 



Name of 


Number of 


Name of 


Name of 


Township 


District 


District 


Teacher 


Grant 


1 


Fair Grove 


Routh.Rev. 0. P. 


Grant 


2 


Union Grove 


Brown, Madge 


Grant 


3 


Rocky Mount 


Brown. Cloyce 


Grant 


4 


Bethel 


Hinshaw, Clyde 


Grant 


4 


Bethel 


Hinshaw, Ethel 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Louise W. Lawrence 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Chole Callicutt 


Brower 


1 


Trogdon 


Kearns, J. L. 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Reynolds, Gertrude 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Sugg, Nellie 


Brower 


3 


Antioch 


Brady, Ora 


Richland 


1 


Rock Spring 


Trogdon, Maggie 


Richland 


1 


Rock Spring 


Trogdon, Hallie 


Richland 


2 


Blalock 


Lucas, Eva 


Richland 


3 


Cox 


Yow, Dena 


Richland 


4 


Cross Roads 


Garner, Will 


Richland 


5 


New Center 


Hancock, Mrs. D. B. 


Richland 


6 


Oak Glade 


Maness, Fairy 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


McCarn, B. H. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Richardson, Treva 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Lynch, Mrs. R. F. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Spoon. MaudL. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Hudson, Alta 


Richland 


8 


Davis 


Phillips, Eunice 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Lucas, Cloie 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Hurley, Esther 


Union 


2 


High Pine 


Luther, Isabella 


Union 


3 


Dunn X Roads 


Richardson, Mrs. Conie 


Union 


4 


Mountain 


Spencer, Nona 


Union 


5 


Pisgah 


Varner, Mrs. Rochelle 


Union 


6 


Staley 
Colored Schools 


Adams. Moses 


Grant 




Mitchell 


Rush, Causey 


Brower 




Pine Hill 


Spinks, Henrietta 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Patterson, J. C. 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Meekins, Mamie 


Union 




Strieby 


Lassiter, Vella A. 



27 





1924 


-1925 




Name of 


Number of 


Name of 


Name of 


Township 


District 


District 


Teacher 


Grant 


2 


Union Grove 


Cox, B. G. 


Grant 


3 


Rocky Mount 


Smith, W. R. 


Grant 


4 


Bethel 


Bulla, Mary Wade 


Grant 


4 


Bethel 


Kemp, Lila 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Willis Beeson 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Edna Beeson 


Brower 


1 


Trogdon 


Kearns, J. L. 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


George T. Gunter 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Owen, Rosa 


Brower 


3 


Antioch 


Gatlin, Laura 


Richland 


1 


Rock Spring 


Cox, B. G. 


Richland 


1 


Rock Spring 


Thomas, Mrs. Clyde 


Richland 


3 


Cox 


Rose, Cora 


Richland 


4 


Cross Roads 


Johnson, Mittie 


Richland 


5 


New Center 


Spencer, Nona 


Richland 


6 


Oak Grove 


Cox, T. R. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


McCarn, B. H. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Slack, Mrs. J. B. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Spoon, Maud L. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Hudson, Alta 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Tysor, Mary 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Allred, Ethel 


Richland 


8 


Davis 


Garner, W. G. 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Callicutt, Merle 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Williams, Bertha 


Union 


2 


High Pine 


Luther, Isabella 


Union 


3 


Dunns X Roads 


Deaton, Sarah 


Union 


4 


Mountain 


Trogdon, Maggie 


Union 


5 


Pisgah 


Lucas, Cloie 


Union 


6 


Staley 


Meritt, Rose 




Colored 


Schools 




Grant 


1 


Mitchell 


Brewer, Jessie 


Brower 


1 


Pine Hill 


Spinks, Henrietta 


Brower 


1 


Pine Hill 


Brady, Addie 


Richland 


1 


Piney Ridge 


Patterson, J. C. 


Richland 


1 


Piney Ridge 


Robinson, Thelma 


Union 


1 


Strieby 


Hill, Annie Mae 



28 







1926 - 1927 




Name of 


Number oi 


Name of 


Name of 


Township 


District 


District 


Teacher 


Grant 


1 


Name of 


Name of 


Grant 


1 


District 


Teacher 


Grant 


2 


Union Grove 


Browne, Pauline 


Grant 


3 


Union Grove 


Smith, Eula 


Grant 


3 


Rocky Mt. 


Reynolds, Gertrud 


Grant 


3 


Bethel 


Prevost, Allen 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Bethel 


Kemp, Lela 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Willis Beeson 


Brower 


1 


Ulah 


Edna Beeson 


Brower 


2 


Trogdon 


Phillips, Nora 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Cox, A.B. 


Brower 


3 


Mt. Olivet 


Sugg, Mamie 


Richland 


1 


Antioch 


Brady, Ora 


Richland 


2 


Rock Springs 


King, Ruby L. 


Richland 


3 


Cox 


Rose, Cora 


Richland 


4 


Cross Road 


Beane, Norvia 


Richland 


5 


New Center 


Spencer, Nona 


Richland 


7 


Oak Glade 


Garner, W. G. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Posten, A. E. 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


O'Quin, Lillie 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Hudson, Alta 


Richland 


7 


Seagrove 


Tysor, Mary 


Richland 


8 


Seagrove 


Auman, Grace 


Union 


1 


Davis 


Johnson, Mittee 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Byrd, Francis 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Luther, Isabelle 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Lyon, Alonza 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Richardson, R. R. 


Union 


3 


Dunns X Roads 


Trogdon, W. F. 


Union 


4 


Mountain 


Bulla, Talmage 


Union 


4 


Mountain 


Pierce, Mrs. Linna 


Union 


6 


Staley 
Colored Schools 


Meritt, Rosa 


Grant 




Mitchell 


Rush, J. C. 


Brower 




P. Hall 


Spinks, Sherman 


Brower 




P. Hall 


Spinks, Henrietta 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Patterson, J. C. 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Maness, Ophelia 


Union 




Strieby 


Cranford, Clara 



29 







1929 - 1930 




Name of 


Number of 


Name of 


Name of 


Township 


District 


District 


Teacher 


Grant 


1 


Union Grove 


Brown, Ethel 


Grant 


2 


Rocky Mt. 


Morgan, Moleta 


Grant 


3 


Bethel 


Hinshaw, Clyde 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Allen Prevost 


Cedar Grove 


1 


Ulah 


Addie Frye 


Brower 


1 


Trogdon 


Bulla, Mary Wade 


Brower 


1 


Trogdon 


Hussey, Oppie 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Teague, Nellie 


Brower 


2 


Mt. Olivet 


Deaton, Mary Tysor 


Brower 


3 


Antioch 


Kearns, JohnL. 


Richland 


1 


Rock Springs 


Newlin, Mary Harrell 


Richland 


2 


Cox 


Slacks, Mrs. Ellis Mills 


Richland 


3 


Cross Roads 


Wrenn, Ola 


Richland 


4 


New Center 


Lucas, Eva 


Richland 


5 


Oak Glade 


Richardson, Mabel 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


White, Harvey 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


Auman, Eudie Wills 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


White, Agnes Hunt 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


Smith, Annie L. 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


McNeill, Delia 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


Kearns, Jessie 


Richland 


6 


Seagrove 


Hare, Strawda 


Richland 


7 


Davis 


O'Quin, Annie 


Union 


1 


Welch 


Dawson, Garrett 


Union 


2 


High Pine 


Carter, Maude 


Union 


3 


Dunns X Roads 


Lucas, Elijah 


Union 


4 


Mountain 


Briles, Lola 


Union 


5 


Pisgah 


Lanier, Kate 


Union 


6 


Staley 
Colored Schools 


Consolidated 


Grant 




Mitchell 


Moore, Margret M. 


Brower 




Pleasant Hill 


Strickland, Maggie 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Spinks, A. S. 


Richland 




Piney Ridge 


Cranford, Clara 


Union 




Strieby 


Brown, Eunice K. 



30 



Occupations 



Before 1920, there were two main industries in this rural area. One was household 
production by members of the family for their own use, and the other was the articles 
which were crafted or produced for sale. Sometimes these two industries overlapped, as 
in pottery making and farming since they were seasonal occupations. Most households 
did their own weaving, candle and soap making, and other similar types of work in the 
same manner as preserving foods; there would be enough to supply the family needs, and 
perhaps a small amount left to trade. 

The occupations listed in the census records give a vivid picture of the industries 
which were most popular between 1850 and 1880, and Levi Branson's BUSINESS 
DIRECTORIES provide a partial list of various trades through 1900. Farming prevailed in 
the census lists, but often a farmer also had other skills such as blacksmithing. 



Farmers 

Farming was good in most of this area. Along the creek and river bottom lands, rich 
soils produced excellent harvests. It is interesting to note that flax and rye were listed as 
the staple crops grown between 1870 and 1890, along with wheat, corn, and oats. 

The farmers who held large acreages as listed by Branson were: 



1877 Alfred Brower 


1,500 acreas 




va 


lued at 


$6,000 


Brower's Mills 


Alfred Lowdermilk 


300 








1,000 




Thomas Macon 


500 








1,200 




A. Trodgon 


500 








1,000 




William Brown 


600 








500 


Moffitt' s Mill 


John Pope 


436 








1,400 




Logan Moffitt 


380 








1,200 




G. W. Dorset 


437 








900 




Eli Branson 


400 








1,100 


Asheboro 


William Lowe 


400 








2,200 




George Auman 


350 








700 




Frank Auman 


479 








500 




Samuel Graves 


550 








800 




John Parks 


150 








200 




Silas Presnell 


200 








450 




Natianiel Brown 


700 








800 




J. M. Worth 


2,000 








4,500 




Joel Ashworth 


350 








1,100 




Aron Hammond 


275 








500 




1896 Martin Cagle 


Why Not 


A. 


, L. 


Yow 






A. L. King 




Henry Yow 






J. M. King 




Ruffin Cole 






J. A. Auman 














Dempsey Auman 




Calvin Bean 




Fork Creek 


Lem Spencer 




Henry Bean 






L. V. Spinks 




J. 


M. 


Brower 






Charles Stewart 




H. 


M. 


Johnson 






H. H. Yow 




E. 


Lowdermilk 







31 



J. Lowdermilk 
H. S. Wilson 
R. C. Yow 

A. J. Yow 
E. R. Yow 

B. B. Brooks 

J. M. Caviness 
S. L. Hayworth 
Alfred Moffitt 

R. F. Hancock 
J. G. Rich 
Allen Scott 

N. Brower 

D. E. Brown 
W. R. Cox 
Newton Dawson 

C. L. Fry 
A. M. Luck 
R. M. Moffitt 
Uriah Presnell 
C. S. Saunders 
S. Williams 

P. A. Williams 

L. F. Branson 

E. Cox 
J. M. Cox 



Moffitt 



Flower Hill 



Ulah 



White House 



F. J. Dawson 

W. B. Hammond 

J. C. Hammond 

A. L. Ham 

S. Ham 

J. Ham 

E. O. Hussey 

E. Luck 

N. Luck 

C. T. Luck 

W. H. Presnell 

J. R. Ridge 

Mrs. J. C. Vuncannon 

J. L. Williams 

J. M. Williams 

William Allen 
Willis Graves 
Newton Luck 
William Buck 
Franklin Auman 
J. B. Parks 
J. W. Parks 
George Parks 
J. B. Slack 
Claiborn Slack 
Hinton Strider 
William Strickmire 
J. J. Welch 
John Welch 
Henry Williams 



Pisgah 



Wood-Working Crafts 

The apprentice system worked well in learning the wood-working trades. The 
Randolph County Court records have many entries such as "Jeremiah Fields takes 
Jeremiah Taylor (age 14, August 22, 1803) as apprentice to the carpenter's trade". It took 
many years to master the art of building a wagon wheel from a block of wood. Precise 
mill works were made and fine furniture was created with a few simple hand tools. 

Some of the craftsmen who were listed in the southern division of the 1850 Census 
were: 

Thomas Burns - wagon maker Riley Miller - mill wright 

Ruben Cox - wagon maker Samuel Lineberry - mill wright 

Calvin Bell - wagon maker Hilary Luther - mill wright 

Jacob Auman - wagon maker Reeves Cooper - mill wright 

Wilson Skeen - cabinet maker Alfred Swafford - mill wright 

Azra Crow - Charles Toney - chairmaker 

Nicholas Chavis William Bell - carpenter 

Alex Barker - joiner Robert Hooker - carpenter 



32 




Farming with 2-horse plows - Gene, June, Elsie and Amos Farlow - 1920 



Levi Branson Sawmill 



33 



Reuben Pearce - carpenter 
Asa P. Chadwick - carpenter 
Fields Lane - carpenter 
Hugh Moffitt - carpenter 
Nathan Overton - carpenter 
Barden Nance - carpenter 
Noah Nance - carpenter 
Caswell Taylor - carpenter 



B. Y. Yates - carpenter 
James Thayer - carpenter 
A. W. Thayer - carpenter 
Peter Peacock - carpenter 
Sampson Glenn, Jr. - carpenter 
Sampson Glenn, Sr. - carpenter 
Daniel Barker - carpenter 



Leather Workers 



The tanners would sink large vats, lined with rocks, into the ground. These vats held 
lime water in which skins of animals were soaked for long periods of time to toughen 
them. Then, the hides were cleaned and scraped to remove all the hair, and soaked again 
in tanning water. This was made by grinding red oak bark, which sold for 15 cents per 
wagon load in 1885, and then boiling the bark until the solution was very strong. First, a 
mild solution was used on the hides, and then they were transferred from one vat into 
another of increasing strength until they were cured. A pair of shoes made from this 
leather would last for two years if the workmanship of the shoemaker was good. 

Some of the leather craftsmen in this area from 1850 - 1900 were: 
William Lannier - shoemaker 

Jesse Steed - shoemaker William Cox - shoemaker 

John Breedlove - shoemaker O. A. Burgess - bootmaker 

Daniel Thayer - shoemaker David Vestal - harness maker 

Joseph Floyd - shoemaker Eli Brown - saddler 

Solomon Luther - shoemaker Stephen M. Carter - tanner 

Edward Griffin - shoemaker James Lassiter - tanner 

Washington Chavis - shoemaker Stephen Howard - tanner 

William Holder - shoemaker F. L. Hayworth - tanner 

John Henly - shoemaker W. W. Hayworth - tanner 

Alfred Brower - shoemaker B. B. Lowe - tanner 

Wilson Lackey - shoemaker E. L. Spencer - tanner 



Blacksmiths 

Occasionally these craftsmen would travel from farm to farm supplying their skills to 
the local needs. Greenberry Saunders was one traveling blacksmith in this area who, 
later, established his own shop. Many ironworkers specialized in certain kinds of 
smithing. Some rebanded wagon wheels, and others made horseshoes, while a few were 
known for their craft in making utensils. Some of the blacksmiths for this area 1850 - 1900 
were: 

Alston Bray A. F. Rush Michael Luther 

Aaron Moffitt William Hill William Presnell 

Stan Moffitt Malon Cox John D. Powell 

Solomon Moffitt George Lucas Timai Little 

James Pold Reuben Williams Charles Craven 

Tsham Ferguson Riley Needham Ben Clark 

Peter Tysinger Edward Smith 

Herain Ferguson Martin Auman 



34 



Millers 



The rivers and creeks in the southern part of Randolph County supplied an abundance 
of power for flour and meal production. Before 1800, there were many mills scattered 
throughout this area. Bullock, Way, Hatchett, Brower and Encoh Spink's Mills were 
situated in the eastern part, while Henley, Lassiter and James Burney's Mills were on the 
Uwharrie. Co's Mill was on Little River. 



The millers between 
John Kemp 
Rhueben Johnson 
Reuben Smith 
Green Regan 
Nathan Phillips 
Jason Horny 
William Moffitt 
Eli Craven 
Joseph Swofford 
Thomas Lucas 
Hardy Brown 
Henry Yow 
John Lambert 
Joel Cox 
Edmond McGee 
Westward Cox 



1850 and 1900 were: 

John Lassiter 
Benjamin Johnson 
Dennis Cox 
William Burney 
Emsly Barnes 
G. T. Vuncannon 
Jonathan Lassiter 
R. M. Stinson 
Josiah Cheek 
Alfred Brower 
Hugh T. Moffitt 
Robinson Yow 
Levi Cox 
D. H. Lambert 
William Spoon 
H. T. Caviness 



Nathaniel Cox 
Andrew Yow 
H. B. Carter 
J. J. Lucas 
J. J. Allen 
Thomas Marley 
George Rightsell 
A. P, Brown 
William Brower 
Eli Brady 
William Yow 
M. Swift 
Sam R. Craven 
William Brown 
William Bean 
Nathaniel Thornburt 






J 




1 f 

1 


f 










f 


r i 


1 






w 






f 








* 













































Cox's Mill Built in 1820 
Last Miller was Samuel Trogdon in 1945 



Stencil, Tools and Gearing 
of Cox's Mill 



35 



Cox Mill 

Conversation with Johnny Voncannon 

Conducted By: 

Sharon Blair, Amee Foster 

Pat Kelly, Jan Scott 

October 13, 1975 

The Dennis Cox Mill located near Pisgah was at one time an important business and 
necessary part of the community. A group of students, Sharon Blair, Amee Foster, Pat 
Kelly, and Jan Scott, from Randolph Technical Institute, conversed with Mr. Johnny 
Voncannon (now deceased) concerning it's operation. That conversation follows: 

J. V. Well, the first I remember of the old mill is a right good bit ago, a lot of water has went 

under the bridge since then. I tended to the old mill once in my boy days. 
S. B. Well, how old were you when you started working at the mill? 
J. V. How's that? 

S. B. How old were you when you started working at the mill? 
J. V. Well, that was in 1892, I was born in 1892, and uh, it was about uh, I recon it was about 

1911, 1909. 
S. B. You started working there? 
J. V. Started as a miller. 
A. F. Well, who owned it at that time? 
J. V. Dorace Williams, D. M. Williams. 
J.S. What was the name of the mill? 
J. V. Dennis Cox old mill. 
S. B. Dennis Cox. 

S. B. Well, we've got some questions about some of the parts that aren't there anymore. 
J. V. Well, theres a lot that ain't there anymore. As I first remember the old mill is uh, two 

water wheels and an overshot and then theres a turbine wheel. 
S. B. Where were they? Were they beside each other? 

J. V. No, they was uh, one run the corn mill and the other run the wheat mill and theres a lot of 
difference in the wheat mill, as fur back in the old days of the wheat mill the wheat was 
hoisted up at the end of the mill and uh, up on the third floor, and uh, it run back down 
there right and it was clean, now the cockle machine and the smutter and all that stuff is 
on the second floor. Cockle machine its on the third floor. 
S. B. What is a cockle machine? 

J. V. Its uh, anybody that knows wheat, has a lot of trouble of that agrowin with the wheat. Its 
a burr and it has a flat seed in it and they git, they have a machine to run that through 
and uh, theres little bent places in the cylinder and the cockle catches in that and goes 
out the end of that... the wheat without the grain. 
S. B. And that used to be on the second floor? 

J.V. Its on the third floor now and they used to didn't have that and then its uh, its 
smutted. ..goes to that cockle machine and goes back down and its ground and then 
carried up again, and its bolded into flour. 
S.B. It was carried back up to third floor? 
J.V. Come back up to second floor is where it was bolded. 
J. S. What's a smutter? 
J. V. A smutter that gits the smut out of the wheat, in other words its a black dust that will fall 

in the wheat gits full of smut. Never matured. 
S. B. Well, when did they quit using the corn mill, you said there was a corn mill there too? 
J. V. Yea, there was a corn mill there on up till the last. There was a different arrangement, 

and the old overshot worked that was done away with around 70 years ago. 
S. B. So they ground corn but it was but it was with another wheel. 

36 



S. B. I see. 

J. V. And uh, there was a sawmill in junction with the that worked one saw onto another, its 

what they call a saff saw run up and down like a jig saw and some that old stuff can be 

found, I've seen the crank shaft laying around there it was in the basement. 
S. B. Well, about the basement, uh, we were down there one afternoon. 
J .V. Did you see the fireplace? 
S. B. Un huh. What was the fireplace used for? 

J.V. Fire. People that would come to mill would come down there to warm. 
S.B. So, there was no heat? That was the only heat they had? 

J.V. That was the only heat they had then they put in a wood stove, a wood heater. 
P. K. On the first floor? 

J.V. Yea, and it had mostly, it burned mostly corn cobs, for their heat. 
S.B. Uh, well what was the basement floor out of, was it stone or just dirt? 
J.V. Dirt. 

S.B. Well, saw a place up next to the wall where the wheel was against? 
J.V. Un huh. 

S.B. Was there another level up there? 
J.V. Thats where the sawmill was and a rock wall. 
S.B. Uh huh, uh huh. 

J.V. Thats out from the water wheel thats where the sawmill was. 
S.B. Up on that platform? 
J.V. No it was on back of the platform, you know where that rock wall is, thats where the 

sawmill was. I seen the old sawmill along that path but I can't remember so much about 

the sawmill. 
J. S. Well theres an opening there... where the two millstones are? 
J.V. Uh huh. Thats always been that way. 
S.B. That door? 

J.V. Thats always been that way. 
J. S. Why? 
J.V. I don't know the mill rocks come up in there and the meal flows down from the mill in the 

mule schister and thats where the wheat meal starts off to the elevators. ..carries it up. 
S.B. Un huh. Well, down in the basement we thought that there may have been a platform 

built there, now was there ever a platform built in the basement. 
P. K. It vvas right under the two grindstones. 
J.V. Un huh. 

P. K. Right directly down from that in the basement. 
J.V. Well theres a wooden pier head there. 
S.B. A Pier Head? Well, what do you mean by that? 
J.V. For water, a pier head for the water its raised, the water goes in there and stores up. 

Thats where the overshot wheel went down, down there in that pit. 
S.B. Oh, I see. Inside tha basement. 

A. F. Thats why the dirt floor is probably lower there because the water washed it? 
J.V. Yea, well the water didn't come out the side the water went down the back of it. That's 

what you call a tail raise. 
A. F. Theres a pit on the first floor, right below the platform on which the millstones are. What 

was that used for? 
J.V. A hole in the floor? 
A. F. Un huh. 
J.V. Thats where they got down in there. ..The mill shister is in that. Let me have your pencil. 

And do you have a piece of paper? 
S.B. I do. 
J.V. Heres the flat part you were talkin about. This is the flat part you was talkin about. And 

heres the millstones. Thats the wheat mill and this is the corn mill. And now that pit you 

37 



was a talkin about is right here at the corn mill. 
J.V. Its got a sifter, and this just makes a rough crank here. Thats the sifter and that shakes it 

on this crank shakes that to shake the meal through there. Bran. And then this over here 

stands the elevators. The wheat that is ground as it comes back to the ground is carried 
on up to the second floor on a bull kist. I spect you noticed that if you went up on the 
second floor. Its covered with silk cloth. 
S.B. Un huh. 
J.V. I've patched holes in that, I don't know. Some kind of bugs or somethin cut it into pieces, 

uh, that old mill went down about neigh time or two. And then somebody 'ud get it and 

restore it and put it to work again. 
S.B. When was the last time it was used? Do you remember? 
J.V. Uh, old man Chamis used it last and that's been around 40 years ago and then Trogdon, 

th&t lives there now, he ground some of it While he didn't have a job. 

S.B. What was the other man's name? Chamis? 
J.V. Un huh, he's dead. 

Do you remember his first name? 
J.V. No I don't. He's been dead several years. Bout all the millers that I can think of is dead. 

Old man Billy Gatland, who used to live over here bout a half mile from here. He was one, 

and uh, Will Yergins that was one of the old ones and uh, Joel Voncannon...that was one 

of em. 
J.S. Well you said it was called the Dennis Cox Mill, when you worked there. Now did he own 

it at one time? 
J.V. No, No, it was owned by the Dennis Cox heirs. ..and his daddy was the one that built it, did 

ya notice on the bottom of that runners lays down on the floor? On the bottom of it the's 

name is on it. 
S.B. No we didn't notice. 
J.S. Now where is this? What floor? 

J.V. Wheat mill, the bottom of the wheat mill at the bottom of the stone. 
S.B. The bottom of the stone? 
J.V. Un huh. 

S.B. Can you see it from the basement? 
J.V. Yea, you can see it from the basement, and that was uh, before there was ever a railroad 

through here or anything, they shipped it. ..his address is on the bottom... Tommy Cox, and 

it was shipped to Rockingham, no Fayetteville, shipped to Fayetteville, and it was brought 

here by oxen. That old mill has been here right up to two hundred years or more. And 

that old dam, where it onst was is about a half a mile up the river. 
S.B. The old dam used to be a half a mile up the river? 
J.V. Yea, but not in my day, it used to be where the old dam was at with a canal cut down 

through there, 
S.B. How long has it been since you were down at the mill last? 
J.V. Down there where its at now. ..How long since I've been there? Oh, I ain't been in 35 

years. 
S.B. Well, I'm sure its changed a lot since you've seen it. 
J.V. Yea 

A.F. Well, what about the grain, did that come from the farmers in the surrounding area? 
J.V. Yea, just anybody who had anything to grind, thats different from now. ..if a man grows a 

little crop of wheat now to get bread, he has to go through a lot of red tape and he's got to 

have a card before he finds a miller to grind it. Millers puttin hisself in danger if he 

grinds it. 
S.B. Well, who paid the millers? 
J.V. He gets his pay as he ground it, theres a toll box it stayed in two boxes between the mills. 

One of em was to keep corn in and the othern wheat. And thats where the thing he done 

when he poored the wheat up in the hopper, he'd taken a toll of it and that was his 

38 



pay... A gallon to the bushel. 
A.F. So there were no records that were kept? 
J.V. No, He got a gallon of corn for every bushel he ground. 
P.K. You said that when you worked there at one time, they had a turbine? 
J.V. Yea. 

P.K. And a water wheel or just a turbine. 
J.V. An overshot. 

P.K. An overshot. Did the turbine that was beside the mill, did it have a roof over it? 
J.V. Yea. 

P.K. And what about the overshot? 
J.V. Yes, there was a roof over the whole thing. 
P.K. Were they side by side? 

J.V. Yea, one of em was further down and closer to the river. 
P.K. The overshot was the olderst one? 
J.V. No 

P.K. The turbine? 

J.V. Yea, I can remembr bout time the overshot was...? 
S.B. When was that? 
J.V. Oh, about 1900 or 1901. 
A.F. Well, where was the flour sold, was there a general store somewhere in the surrounding 

area? 
J.V. They packed it up in bags and sold the flour there, and the corn meal. ..whoever brought 

the corn in and had it to grind. 
A.F. But there were no records kept of what was sold or bought? 
J.V. No. 
P.K. Uh, the foundation of the mill is stone on three sides, and one of the sides, where the 

wheel was at. ..that's all been washed away, what was that wall? 
J.V. That's not been washed away. 
S.B. There was no wall there? 
J.V. Theres part of it there, the end of the sawmill was where it run through it. That's where 

the sawmill was. ..that's where the sawmill was. 
S.B. So when you went to the basement, part of that was open? 
J.V. No, you went around the other way to it. You went across the flue of the chimney, where 

you come up outside and uh, its a right good ways out from the chimney and they usually 

walked over that. 
S.B. They walked over that and went in the door. 
J.V. Yea. 

S.B. Well, when you got inside, was it completely inclosed or were there any openings? 
J.V. Open just as it is now, I imagine. 
S.B. Let me have this pencil and I'll show you. ..Like if the water wheel is right here, and this is 

that wall... 
J.V. Yes, thats the wall 
S.B. And the fireplace is over here. 
J.V. Un huh. 

S.B. Well this wall is washed away we can't tell if it was rock or if it was wooden. 
J.V. This wall here? 
S.B. Un huh. ..that's washed away. 
J.V. Right heres the way you come. ..this is a race and right heres whats turned back. ..what 

you said was washed away. This is timbered up inside to keep it from leakin. 
S.B. What wall is that? 
J.V. The race that comes down here. This old wall that you're talkin bout here it was probably 

part of it wood inside. 
S.B. Un huh. 
J.V. Dadoed, they called it. ..to keep it from leakin. 

39 



So its wooden. 
J.V. I don't know what coulda went with the wall. There wasn't much wall to that. ..that was 

mostly wood, I think. And uh, a little' of that rock wall where it turns back, theres some 

out there now. ..ain't there? 
S.B. Un huh. 

J.V. Well, thats where the sawmill was. 
J.S. Who operated the sawmill? 
J.V. The miller - the one who tended the mill. 
J.S. So you did that too? 
J.V. No, it was done away with. ..I seen it all together but I can't remember much about that. 

The old sawmill part. ..theres some of that old sawmill stuff around there yet. The last 

time I was there the old saw and the crank shaft was in the basement and theres a great 

big old. ..about 1 3/4" square rim,,, it had notches in it. ..do you care if I mark on this? 
S.B. Go right ahead. 
J.V. It had teeth on it like this. ..and when the saw would start back up your ratchet would 

stop and wait till the saw went up then it would come back down, that latch would fall in 

these teeth and ratchet it up on the log and the saw would come down and saw it. 
S.B. We haven't seen any of that. ..that must have rotted away. 

The water wheel itself has just about washed away. All of that is missing and we don't 

know what it looked like. 
J.V. Well, I ain't been there in 35 years. I don't remember what it looked like. 

S. Did you work at the sawmill? 
J.V. No. 

S. I've heard you say that you've worked at sawmills. 
J.V. Not that one. That was just before my day. 
J.S. Do you know when the mill was built? 
J.V. No, But theres a history on that if you could find it. ..during the war between the states. 

Cox made a talk to Sherman's army that that was the only mill in the community that done 

any custom grinding for the people... and that would entail total starvation among the 

people and they didn't burn it... they was a burnin such stuff as that as they come to 

it. ..and he spared the mill. And you know how long that's been. 
A.F. We have a map that has two cox mills on it, one... 
J.V. Yea, one is a way on down on another river, 
A.F. Deep river? 
J.V. No, they call that little river, thats uh, thats gittin on down towards Montgomery County. 

Maybe its in Montgomery. 
A.F. Is that below Union? 

J.V. Yea, but you can't find any sign of any old buildings around there. 
A.F. So this mill is up in say, the NE portion of Union Township. Is that right? 
J.V. Yea, And I doubt you could find it, if there wasn't some old person who knows it and 

knows where that was. ..theres a bridge that goes right across it now, across the river. 
J.V. Where that other old Dennie Cox mill was, I don't recon theres anything left there atall. 
S.B. Where around here is that? What community is that close to? 
J.V. That down there? 

S.B. Yes, The one that she's talking about. ..the one that's not left anymore. 
J.V. That's uh, I don't know whether thats in Randolph or where its in Montgomery. ..I'd 

rather believe that its in Montgomery. And then theres a Cagle Old Mill. ..You probably 

found that, theres no building there now though. 
J.S. Yes, we found that. 

J.V. It won't be but a little while before all those things will be a thing of the past. 
S.B. Well, that's why we hope to preserve this one. We want to do something with it so it won't 

fall down. 
J.V. Did you go inside the building and look around? 

40 



S.B. We've got floorplans of it. 

J.V. Did you notice that uh, that framing how it was hued out, now that framin was hued out 
with an ax and put there. And the corner postes are all 12x12 and they start right in 
the. ..I'm gonna use up all your paper. 

S.B. That's allright. 

J.V. To start with, theres a 12x12 and it comes right in here and lays that off and then they cut 
this all the way... with adzes they hue it and where it was in a V like that, where the other 
studed they put a few nails in it. ..you noticed that? Its all pegs. ..wooden pegs. And I've 
asked questions and uh, and I never had nobody give me no light on that, is how they ever 
got that framin together... now they cut a tennon on there, you know what a tennon 
is. ..well, they cut a tennon on the bottom of the post and on the top and then mortise the 
plate and mortise the sill. And that plate went down on the postes at the top and probly 
let down there three sets of framin, mortised together. ..as high as that is. 

S.B. Un huh. 

J.V. More than likely theres three sets. And I'm like a fella that has to let his mind rest a 
while. ..it gives out.. .he says that your mind is like a tape recording theres black streaks in 
it. That's the way mine is. I'm getting too old to hold too much at a time, 
and uh, then they come down here and uh, and cut a corner post. ..did you notice that? 
The corner post is in the steel hedges, the hedges come down where the mortise where 
the mortise has a big wood pin through each one of 'em. 

S.B. Un huh. 

J.V. And this one in the corner, there was a brace, and here is someum thats bugged my mind 
all the time. ..I've asked questions and asked questions but I never had nobody give me no 
answer yet. ..How they got that brace in there. That lays down to a 45. ..each place. And 
uh, you let that down there, you see this comes straight down this one got to gain, and uh, 
I've hope tear some log buildings and old frame buldings that had that kind of corner 
brace in there but you can't git one of em out only to take a saw and saw it into. And now 
how they ever got them in there, I never had nobody to tell me. Now thats some of the old 
times. 

S.B. Well, if we find out we'll let you know. 

J.V. Okay. 

J.S. On the third floor, theres the staircase and the opening is here, and this is an opening to 
the outside, theres was a door here... 

S.B. This is on the very, very top floor. 

J.V. Oh, thats where they hoisted their wheat up. That was before they had any elevators 
before them elevators was used. 

J.S. Well, on the floor theres a groove worked that is shaped sort of like a V. Do you know 
what that would have been caused by? 
It's a pretty deep groove and its shaped sort of like this. 

J.V. No, I don't ...Don't remember. Probly seen it. ..say its on the third floor? 

J.S. Un huh. Right at the door theres a groove thats work in the floor. We were trying to figure 
out what could have made that groove there. 

J.V. Something drug over it. 

J.S. Un huh. 

J.V. Probly wasn't there to start with. 

A.F. Also, on the third floor there are the grain elevators, I suppose ...Anyway, theres a chute 
that goes down to the second floor. .Do you remember where that goes? 

J.V. It runs this way doesn't it? 

A.F. Un huh. 

J.V. Theres nothing much on the third floor septs that old cockle machine. 

S.B. There are the two elevators and that cockle machine. ..and whats that big... 

J.V. Elevator heads up there too on the third floor. 

S.B. Un huh. 

41 



J.V. Part of em. 

J.S. Theres a hopper in the corner, right? On the third floor? 

J.V. Thats the big hopper in the corner, that wasn't used in my day ...that was used when they 
used the method of hoistin their wheat up and lettin it run back down. ..they didn't have 
no cockle machine or no smutter or no machines of that kind, they just let it run back 
down by gravity. And they used a fan to blow the smut out then. The wheat had a rope 
around the sack and was hoisted up and they let it run down and it cleaned it as it run 
down. 
A.F. What about the big wheel over the door? 
J.V. Thats what the rope went around, it let the rope come down to the wagon to hoist the 

wheat up. The wheel is there yet, ain't it? 
J.S.Un huh. 

P.K. Was there any way to get from the first floor to the basement without going outside? 
J.V. No. 

P.K. You had to go outside? 

J.V. Yep, if it was a rainin, you'd have to go out in the rain. 

J.S. What about when it was sort of stormy outside, or sort of dark. ..did you have trouble with 
lighting? Did you always keep the windows open for light? 
Un huh. 
J.V. Open in halfs, in clod weather, you'd keep the bottom half shet up. 
J.S. But you always had to open the windows. 

J.V. Yea, them old windows slided. Didn't no nothin about light atoll in that way. 
A.F. So the mill operated all year round? 
J.V. Yea. 

A.F. With no heater, except for wood stoves... 

J.V. That was an old wood stove, a small wood stove that burnt mostly corn cobs, and a lot of 
people would bring the corn in the ear and shell it while he was at the mill, and then they 
got their corn cobs to burn. 
P.K. Let me show you this. ..and I'm still not sure about something okay? This is the basement 

and thats the fireplace and the wheel was right here? 
J.V. Yea, right down here is where the overshot wheel was, right in here. 
P.K. Now, this is where the saw... 
J.V. Yea, this is a rock wall. 
S.B. And theres a rock foundation here. 

J.V. Well, this is where the old sawmill was, right in here, and uh, the old saw... you might find 
that around there somewhere if you do a lot of grudging and digging to find it... and the 
old crank shaft a little side crank. 
P.K. Well theres uh, the canal comes right in here. 
J.V. It comes right down this away. 
P.K. Yea. 

J.V. And then turns back in there. 
P.K. Yea. And then it goes on off to the creek. 
J-V. Goes back to the creek. 
P.K. When was that canal built? 
J.V. The canal? 
P.K. Un huh. 
J.V. I don't know. 

P.K. Not the overshoot. .it isn't there anymore 
J.V. No its gone. 

P.K. The canal comes sort of right there from the dam. ..do you know when that was built? 
J.V. Old man Ed Hardister, when he was took the overshot wheel out and put in two Sanson 
order sheels, it was probly then, I don't think that old man Chamis used them when he 
was there... they may be covered up in the bottom of that pit. 

42 



S.B. Do you know what date that was? 

J.V. No I don't, old man, I spect uh, old man Hardister come there in 1912, 1913, I would say 

that that would be more like it. ..somewhere round that time. 
J.S. How many years did you work at the mill? 

J.V. Oh. about a year or so, or a couple. 

A.F. Do you know anybody that is still living that worked there while you worked there? 

J.V. No, I was the only one working there. 

S.B. You mean one person ran the mill all by himself? 

J.V. Yea. 

S.B. I see. 

J.V. Yea, I've been there all night by my pine torch a gurnin and an old bucket that was partly 
full of sand, to get the pine aburnin and that was ya light you had to work by and in the 
summer time there's be a week or two or maybe a month when you wouldn't have no 
water to grind with. And when it did rain, you ground day and night too, till you get 
caught up with, people brang grain and leave it. ..Yea, I'd be glad in my time, if I could 
stay long enough to see it restored, I'd like to eat some corn bread made on them ole 
corner rocks and I wouldn't mine havin some burr flour. 

P.K. Did one stone grind wheat and the other stone grind corn? 

J.V. Yea, that is where that had that pit around it, thats the corn mill. 

P.K. Okay, and the other one just for wheat, then? 

J.V. Yea, Theys a difference when you sharpen em, theys an ole picks around there, you 
probly found some of them. 

P.K. I don't remember seeing any of them. 

J.V. With a pick on each em, thats what they used to sharpen that. .picks, I mean the 
millstone. If you'd come around several years earlier, I probly could a told you more bout 
it. 
J.S. Well, you've been a big help, you've told us a lot. 

P.K. Do you know anyone who might have photographs of the mill? 
Did anyone make photographs of it? 

J.V. Not to my knowledge. There was no way of makin photographs. .Did you ever see the 
camera that they used then? 

P.K. I know that its a big one. 

J.V. You had to screw the back off to let the light in. And then rocks adjustes up and down. 
Did you notice that? 

S.B. The stones? The grindstones? 

J.V. Yep, they turn but they adjust up and down. 

S.B. What was that for? Why adjust them? 
J.V. So they'd grind... If they drug the bottom, you couldn't find nothin to cut in. 

A.F. What adjusted then. ..was it some sort of lever? 

J.V. Did you see on the corn mill probly after I past and left the old mill... its an old lever and it 
had a weight around one end of it and uh, loosen that that, the weight and tension on it 
and loosen the grip on it, the round part what is that the lever healdt for a break and 
thats what he gave the rocks with. And the ole wheat mill, it had like an auger. ..did you 
notice anything of that kind? 

A.F. No, I don't believe I did. 
J.V. They adjust the rock on that. 

A.F. I don't remember seeing that. 
J.S. I don't either. 

J.V. Well, it may of been wore out and replaced probly with a nut instead of a hanel. It was a 
thang that long. 



43 



The Whiskey Industry 

Whiskey making became a very important "cash crop" during the agricultural decline 
after the Civil War. Farmers were able to produce "liquid corn" from their fields that 
otherwise lay idle. Coopers and potters were kept busy, too, supplying barrels and jugs 
for the whiskey. 

Whiskey was made by sprouting white shelled corn. When the sprouts were about two 
inches long, the corn was ground. This was cooked until the corn was well done, then fine 
ground corn meal was added and allowed to sit until a thick malt formed. Water and 
sugar were then added, and the mixture was left to ferment. After three or four days, 
more sugar and malt were added and the mix was allowed to "work" until a foam was 
created. The liquid was then poured into the still keg and boiled. The vapor wound 
through the coil and condensed which caused the liquid to trickle into a jug or barrel. At 
this point, some of the juice was ready to sample. To test the alcohol content, the liquid 
was put in a glass jar and shaken. If little airpockets called "beads" were formed, the 
liquor had a good percentage of alcohol. The final test was the taste test which would 
knock a person in the head if the "joy juice" was ready. 

A revenue tax was collected at the distillery warehouse as the local product was 
brought in for sale. But in 1890, the Anti Saloon League was formed and legalized spirits 
were on the way out. By 1913, state-wide prohibition laws forced most of the stills to 
close. From this time on the whiskey became known as "moonshine" because it was 
illegal and often was made secretly at night by the light of the moon. "White Lightin' " 
was another common name which derived from the power or proof the whiskey rated. 

National prohibition laws did not become effective until the thirties. After 1913, many 
local people ordered legalized whiskey from other states. Mr. OUie Parks, Seagrove 
Depot Agent, recalled "seeing the floor of the depot filled with jugs and barrels of 
whiskey". 




'Moonshine" Still operated after Prohibition Laws were enacted in 1913. 



44 



NORTH CAROLINA CORN 

You will have to try these goods to be convinced that they are worth a dollar more per 
gallon than what we charge you for them. We do not pay express on these goods in any 
quantities; for at the price we are offering them to you, if you give it a trial, will convince 
you as to the quality. 

Vi Gallon, in stone jug $0.80 4 Full quarts, in bottles 1.70 

lGallon, in stone jug 1.50 6 Full quarts, in bottles 2.50 

2 Gallons, in stone jug 2.95 8 Full quarts, in bottles 3.20 

3 Gallons, in stone jug 4.30 12 Full quarts, in bottles 5.00 

4 Gallons, in stone jug 5.70 24 Full pints, in bottles 5.25 

2 Full quarts, in bottles ' 90 48 Full half pints, in bottles 5.50 

We DO NOT ship in bottles unless full price, as stated above, is sent. 
Remember our name, and remember we are the prompt shippers. 

Goldman & Cohen 

Roanoke, Virginia. 

Opposite N. & W. Passenger Station. 

Physicians 

Because most medical men had some formal education, they were often respected as 
leaders in the community. Sometimes, they even filled in for ministers if there was a 
vacancy; others had outside political interests. 

Even in the old days, doctors were expensive. In 1880, a doctor received fifty cents for 
a purge and a dollar for a tooth extraction. However, the good doctor was often paid "in 
kind" with chickens or eggs or other produce fresh from the farm, but sometimes, he was 
never paid at all. 

Since there were no drugstores, as we have today, the physician stocked his own 
medicines, mixing them according to his own diagnosis. Most of these were herbs which 
he grew or obtained from the local people. 

Many stories have been about these country doctors. A favorite one which was told by 
Dr. Malone was about a woman who came to him many times with the same complaints, 
but the doctor could find nothing wrong with her. Finally, on seeing her approach at 
breakfast time one morning, he rolled up some bread crumbs and dashed a little 
peppermint on them. After examining her, he gave her the "bread pills" and said, "if you 
don't feel better you had better find another doctor for I have given you all the different 
medicines I have". Later at a church social this lady exclaimed "doctor, those last pills 
you gave me relly worked. I have never felt better in all my life"! 

Some of the favored herbal teas were: 
Hollyhock root for the bladder and kidney, Feverfew plant for colds and gas, Cowslip 
plant for dropsy, Linden tree leaves for coughs, Wild Alum root for diarrhea, Angelica 
leaves for nerves, Corn Silk for stimulating the kidneys. 

The local physicians were: 
1850 I860 1890 

William Hannah John A. Craven Jr. J. R. Plunket 

Nathan B. Hill G. C. Underwood R. J. Malone 

Calvin E. Graves 1870 'Doc' Kirkman 

William B. Lane T. F. Caviness T. D. Dowd 

Barnaby Nixon Samuel E. Teague F. E. Asbury 

Alfred Holton J. A. Bruton 

45 



Miners 

The Indians of North Carolina have used gold in their ornaments, but it was not until 
1799 that it was discovered by white men. The state attracted many investors, and during 
the 1860's nearly 30,000 people were employed as miners. 

By 1850, there were several gold mines in operation near by. The largest of these were 
in the Uwharrie Section. Early miners panned the gold ore from creeks and branches; 
later, miners excavated the ore from a vein in a mine. The ore was crushed in a large 
stone mill, and the rocking vats were used to wash it until all the particles of gold were 
retrieved. 

The following are mines which were located in the southern part of Randolph County: 
Around Pilot Mountain South of Asheboro Between Little River and Uwharrie 

Spoon Asheboro & Jones' Golehorn & Smith Glurys 

Pilot Mountain White House Lowdermilk Uharie 

Porter Tolbert & Hill Griffin 

Harney Dowd & Rush Branson 

Pine Stafford Colburn 

Other minerals have been found in this section, but in small quantities. Lately 
prophyllite and white quartz has been mined commercially. Prophyllite is used in the 
brick industry while white quartz is favored for embedding into a rosin for use as a floor 
covering. 

Coal was never mined locally, but many of our people worked in the Egypt Mine at 
Cumnock around 1870 and again in 1888 and 1905. This mine was located in the edge of 
Moore and Chatham Counties, only a few miles from Pleasant Grove Township. 

Naval Products 

The long leaf pine of this area was especially good in the production of naval products. 
The rosin was obtained by cutting channels in the standing, green, pine trees. These 
channels met in a point at the base of the tree where a box was fitted to receive it. The 
bark was removed from the channels so that the sap would run out easier, and would fill 
the box quickly. These drippings were heated in great kettles and processed to make 
turpintine. The residue left was used for tar. 

A courser type of tar and pitch was obtained by preparing a circular floor in clay soil 
in which the middle was slightly lower than the rim. A clay or wooden pipe was laid from 
the center to the outside of the circle in order to drain the floor, and under the outside 
end of the pipe was placed a barrel to receive the tar as it drained. 

Upon the floor of the circle was arranged a large pile of dry pinewood which was split 
into small pieces and surrounded with a wall of earth. Only a small hole at the top was 
left for the fire to be kindled. After the fire began to burn, this hole was also covered with 
earth so that there was no flame, just sufficient heat to force the tar out of the pine onto 
the floor. The heat was tempered by thrusting a stick through the earth and letting air 
into the coals. The tar was then boiled until it was thick. This was called "pitch" and it 
was used to caulk ships. 

The blackened pine that was left on the floor of the circle was covered with more earth 
to smother the coals. When cool they were removed and sold as charcoal. 

The making of naval products was one of the major occupations during the early years 
of this area. It revived again after the Civil War and continued to be a good business until 
after the turn of the century. 

46 





Si 



: "■■■■ 

■ ' : s::~>w::::;'.,>~.^:,i.V'-'i»',? x.M'-ra-A::^;.. 









■. ■ ' 7 : '.V- 



■liiiii* 



SVmi :,..... m 



K:«' : l 







A still for producing 
turpentine. 




Pine tree scored for rosin to 
drip -- producing naval 
products. 



47 



Coopers 

Since they were nearly insect proof, barrels were always in demand for storage of 
winter farm supplies; but perhaps the largest consumer was industry. Naval products, 
which were made locally, as well as whiskey were shipped to market in kegs and barrels. 
These were made by shaping each stave with a drawing knife and fitting them together 
with a wooden or iron hoop. It took much skill to make the barrels water-tight. 

The Coopers of this area from 1850-1900 were: 

Clayton Lewis William Sherod Jacob Auman Brantley Scott 

Enoch Crow William Jones Neil Hammon Jack Ashworth 

William Jones Dennis Presnell George Parks Zachie Freeman 

Simpson Curtis Daniel McCall Alfred Richardson Robert King 

Pottery 

One of the main attractions of the Seagrove Area today is the pottery shops located 
within a few miles radius. There are 11 shops including Seagrove Pottery run by Walter 
and Dorothy Auman, Coles' Pottery operated by Nell Cole Graves and Waymon Cole, Joe 
Owens Shop, M. L. Owens Pottery with Boyd Owens, Jugtown with Nancy Sweezy and 
below Robbins is Teague Pottery. Zedith Teague Garner recently deceased left her 
husband, Hobert and her father, Duck Teague, working. Studio potters Bob Armfield at 
Coleridge, Phillip Pollet at Old Gap Pottery, Phil Morgan at Steeds, Jerry Fenburg at 
Humble Mills and Hal Pugh at Salem have set up their shops making contemporary 
additions to the old traditional shops. It is not uncommon to have over 1000 shoppers 
come into the Seagrove Area to visit these shops and the Potters Museum. 

Early potters coming to settle with other families undoubtly began very quietly to 
practice their craft. Pottery making was often not the only occupation of the family. 
Farming, milling and other types of work were also done by them, turning out wares at 
slack times. 

The Coles came into this area migrating from Virginia. Records show that the Virginia 
Company of London had established various trades and crafts at Jamestown in the early 
seventeenth century including pottery making. George and William Cole came from 
England to work at this time. Soil reports helped entice them into the piedmont region 
where red and grey clays abound. Other potters came on the Great Wagon Road as did 
many other craftsmen. 

Raford Cole, son of Mark and a descendent of William by Stephen, was born 1799. He 
had built his kiln by 1820 on the Fayetteville Route where Why Not was later established. 
Three of his sons were engaged in the shop. Raford, Jr. later began wagoning the wares 
to market. Evan (1834-1895) married Sarah Jane Luck and by 1880 had established one of 
the largest potteries in this vicinity. Youngest son, Willis, worked with his father until an 
early death. All of Evan's own boys learned the trade in the old shop on Meadow Creek. 
His father-in-law William Luck worked there at this time as did his son, Henry, and 
neighbor, John Chrisco, making a large crew which produced crocks, churns, jugs and 
various items used in the farm home. Evan's sons were Franklin, Ruffin Evin R., Marshall, 
Alfred, Jacon and Lorenzo. Nell and Waymon are children of J. B. Cole and still operate 
the shop under the Cole name. Ruffin Cole's sons - Charlie, Arthur, Everett and Clarence 
were all potters. Dorothy Cole Auman is the daughter of Charlie. Arthur's shop at 
Sanford is being run by his daughters today. 

Peter Craven settled near Back Creek on Blue Branch near Coleridge. He built a shop 
which Thomas worked and inherited. Thomas Jr. moved to Chatham County, Indiana and 
the 1820 census show that four of his sons were potters there. Thomas, Sr. John was 

48 



another son of Thomas Sr. He learned the skill at home and taught his son Anderson 
whose children William Nichlos (1821-1903), John A. (1826-?) Jacob Doris (1828-1893) and 
Thomas W. (1829-1858) are well known for their fine work. Enoch S. was the youngest son 
of John making him an uncle to J. D. Craven. 

Doris Craven's shop employed three workers according to the census records of 1850. 
Bryant Owens and John Chrisco worked there at this time. John Teague began working 
there at the age of fourteen. When he married he established his own shop. Duck Teague 
was one of his sons. Duck married Doris Craven's daughter and built the shop Zedith 
later operated. Doris Craven's son Daniel continued to work at the old shop using the J. D. 
Craven stamp until his death in 1949. Charlie Craven (Daniel's son) is working at Teague 
Pottery today and is the only Craven descendent left in the pottery trade. Charlie's 
brother Farrell, had worked at Ben Owen Shop and later at Teagues when he died in 
1971. 

Joseph Owens, born 1823, married Queenie Northcutt of Montgomery County. Their 
son Franklin (1848-1918) lived just below the Randolph-Moore line. His son, Benj amine 
Franklin, Jr. made pottery for a short time on Brower Mill Road. Another son Jim, married 
Martha Scott and built a shop near Needham Grove Church. Today, Jim's son Melvin and 
his family carry on the work there at the original shop place. Vernon and Bobby are with 
Jugtown. Walter, another of Jim's boys worked with Henry Cooper at North State in 
Sanford. He is still there working part time. Rufus Owens (1872-1948), brother to 
Benj amine Franklin and Jim, had three sons in the pottery trade. Charlie who turns at his 
home, Joe operation his own shop and Ben, who was associated with Jugtown earlier then 
built his shop and is now retired. All live in the Westmoore Community. 

The Fox family came from Pennsylvania in 1753 and was another main line of ware 
makers. Jack Fox operated a shop located on the road from Coleridge to Siler City. It was 
here that Nathan Dixon apprenticed and later set up a shop in the Snow Camp area. John 
Vestal also learned at this shop. Jack Fox had two sons, Jacob and Nicholas but it was 
Nicholas who continued working in his father's shop stamping his wares N Fox. His work 
show a much heavier salt application that those of his son, Himer. They are also darker 
indicating the use of a local bog clay heavy with iron. By the time Himer began 
impressing his inital, about 1855, they were using clays from the Holly Springs pond 
which gave a much lighter color. 

Nicholas' youngest son, Daniel C, was twenty years younger than Himer. He married 
Nancie J. Vestal in 1869 and remained at the old home shop after his father died about 
1855. There was a middle son, John, who was just two years older than Daniel, but no 
records are found that he ever worked at the potters trade after he left home. In 1870 
Daniel sold the old place to Himer leaving the trade for farming. Himer married Elizabeth 
Craven and moved to Reed Creek where he made stoneware. 

Brothers James M. and William Thomas Fox married sisters. James and Catherine 
were married in 1856 establishing their home and shop near Moffitts Mill. Tom entered 
the service of Company C of Randolph County July 1, 1860 at the age of 20. He was 
discharged in 1865 marrying Nancy Brady the following year. They lived near their 
brother and sister. A son Levi Taylor David Fox was born to them in 1868 and was the 
last of the Fox family in the pottery occupation. He died in 1936. 

The Agricultural Depression began shortly after the close of the War between the 
States. Prices dropped on all crop products. Cotton fell from twenty five cents in 1868 to 
five cents in 1895. Corn was too "cheap to raise". Farmers were unable to meet living 
expenses at these low prices. The Farmers Grange, organized in 1873, suggested ways to 
supplement the meager incomes. Turpintine pits gave rebirth to pitch and tar of prewar 

49 



days. Syrup mills enriched bartering for store bought goods and with the railroad boom 
this area put out thousands of crossties. Farm industry became the means of survival. 

Whiskey stills converting cheap corn into liquid assets were legal as long as taxes 
were paid on the proceeds. Most of this was hauled in wooden barrels to distilleries or 
collecting agents where toll for the taxes was deducted. It was sold back to the 
merchants for resale to their customers in stoneware jugs. However, a lot of it was sold 
directly from the still to the consumer eliminating the tax and distillers profit. 

The potters supplied the jugs for both the merchant and the maker. As business 
increased neighboring farmers began to help the potters fill their orders. Some learned 
the art of turning and set up shops of their own. Others erected shops and hired 
journeymen potters to do the wheel work while they fired and sold their wares to the 
whiskey industry. The area where pottery making had been long established as a trade, 
soon became dotted with small shops turning out thousands of jugs. Charlie Cole recalled 
as a young boy "we used to go to Why Not (a distance of about four miles) for the mail 
riding on a horse and some days we could see over fifty different smokes rising from kiln 
chimneys. Some of these pot'ery shops were off a distance, of course, from the road, but a 
lot were right on the way. Some of these new makers didn't know how to make good 
wares and the buyers got to grumblin' on account of the poor salting and the short sizes. 
They'd pay fifteen cents a gallon for the good but then they got to where they wouldn't 
pay but five cents for that poor saltin' ..." 

In 1903 a law was passed prohibiting the manufacture and sale of the spirituous 
liquors except in incorporated towns. This was to eliminate the small country stills who 
were robbing the distilleries. Two years later another act excluded it from all but the 
largest towns leaving only a few places where whiskey sales could be transacted. By 
1913 a statewide prohibition act canceled all legal sales. This, of course, affected the sale 
of the stoneware jugs made by the local potters. Some shops continued trying to make 
churns and other local needed items but with no built in sales, these too began 
disappearing as they reverted back to their farms for a living. 

The old pottery families who had established themselves long before the whiskey boom, 
kept right on making and finding sales with their regular customers. Several of the 
whiskey manufacturies moved out of the state and gave the old potters orders to be 
delivered. A. R. Cole remembered "we took load after load to Virginia and then down into 
South Carolina - off the coast there was an island where they make whiskey right on and 
they would take all the jugs we could haul..." 

These places, too, were eventually forced to close but by this time demand for the new 
art pottery gave outlets for the potters to continue their trade. Tin and enameled wares 
were being produced which were lighter in weight and color and quickly replaced many 
of the earthen wares in the kitchen. Wooden barrels became more in use for the larger 
storage containers as mechanical techniques allowed cheaper production. These 
replaced the large saltware jars. Modern methods of preserving and storing were 
accepted more readily than before. By 1930 many of the new generation had acquired a 
different way of life buying their food needs at a neighborhood store in small weekly 
quanities eliminating the need of winter storage jars, so the old saltwares were no longer 
required. 

A few potters still produced the old type of wares, peddling them out to the old folks left 
on the farms. However, most of them became aware of the change in demands and began 
making the smaller decorative pottery in an array of colors. The influence of the 
Centennial Exhibition held in 1876 began a concentrated movement to establish art 
schools and art education. At the same time the impact of the Industrial Revolution had 

50 




"Legal" Whiskey Still 




Old wares exhibited in Potters Museum 

51 



created great concern of the disappearing folk crafts. The American Federation of Arts 
was organized by groups interested in furthering the appreciation. Art groups were 
formed in all populated areas. This was indeed a new concept in living. 

Influential persons began collecting and sponsoring exhibits of the folk craft and 
national attention was given to those made in the western section of the state when the 
Conference of the Southern Mountain Workers was organized in 1912 for the makers of 
handicrafts. 

The first major influence felt here by the potters came through the Pinehurst Health 
Resort after it was founded in 1896. Located in the sand region just below the clay belt, 
cultured people of world renown began coming into this area bringing with them new 
ideas and designs. Potters who hauled their wares to distant markets would often gather 
with other wagoners at the camp ground just outside of Pinehurst to learn of world 
affairs. The visiting clients of the hotel would come out to purchase local made products 
and to talk to the 'natives'. Having no need for the traditional churns and crocks they 
began asking for the sophisticated designs. With sketches and photographs to be copied, 
they persuaded the potters to supply their wants at the same time buying the "toy stuff" 
as the potters called the handformed animals, tiles and small pots. Many of the old time 
potters refused to make this kind of ware which demanded a new kind of glaze so some 
kept on with the old traditional salt glazed shapes until they retired. Others met the new 
market seeking information from lead companies and other knowledgeable persons. 

Throughout the United States art Nouveau pottery was being the accepted conception. 
Rookwood, Weller, Roseville and many other major potteries became established at this 
time. Influenced by the art oriented society many people took up painting as a hobby 
decorating their homes with self styled pictures on mirrors, glasses and especially on 
plaques furnished by the china ware factories. Young people bravely forged their way 
into the upper art society giving up secure employment in the modern machine age for a 
chance to make themselves known as artist in their own right. 

lacque and Juliana Busbee ventured out from this fine arts oriented world to establish 
a pottery in this area that was termed Jugtown because of the many jug shops located 
here. Taking their name from the surrounding area they began stamping their pottery 
"Jugtown". Other artisans and entrepreneurs soon followed. Henry Cooper set up a shop 
near Sanford naming it North State where he introduced the Chinese Red glaze into the 
area. The Omar Khayann Art Pottery was built in Buncombe County by O. L. Bachelder 
creating unusual glazes. W. B. Stevens and his mother opened the Pisgah Forest shop 
near him making cameo wares resembling those of English origin. Mack Bishop and A. M. 
Church built the O. Henry Pottery at Valdese producing both art forms and utilitarian 
slip glazed wares. These were all new comers from the main streams of urban cultures 
bearing new ideas on pottery forms and glaze types but depending upon the local potters 
for operation of the shops. Meanwhile, the younger generation of the pottery families 
began breaking away from the old traditions and started setting up shops of their own 
directing their production toward this sudden activity of art wares. Herman Cole built a 
shop near Smithfield Charlie and Everett Cole set up one at New Hill and their brother 
came to Highway 1 in Sanford. Kellers came in from Tennessee to set up a high fired kiln 
at Snow Camp. In the Jugtown area of Lincoln and Catawba Counties, the Heltons moved 
from their old shop out to the new highway at Hickory and later on to Marion. Aumans 
moved their shop from old Highway 70 to the new one of 220. 

Many small craft guilds had been organized in the mountains during this early rash of 
the crafts revival. Independant business ventures brought forth a multitude of small craft 
and souvenir shops. Each of these places stocked the colorful pottery made at Seagrove. 

The beginning of World War II closed a few of the pottery shops including the Royal 

52 




CO 

O 

eo 

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efl 

0) 

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o 
s- 

DO 
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09 
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a? 
CO 

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o 



53 



Crown at Merry Oaks and Cole at Smithfield, as workers left for service or defense 
plants, but the surge of interest that began with the crafts revival was being 
supplemented by many articles and publications and had its effect locally. By 1969 most 
of the local shops were selling retail instead of having to ship or truck it out to the little 
mountain shops. As more and more visitors find Seagrove, young potters find a ready 
market here. 

The Potters Museum was opened to the public in 1969. It contains a documented 
collection of eighteenth and nineteenth century work by Tar Heel craftsmen. 
Supplementing the old wares are items made by current traditional potters. Together 
they form the story of pottery making here. The museum is housed in the old railroad 
depot, an historical building, haveing connections with pottery by providing a way to ship 
wares to the outside world from the former horse and wagon method. Walter and 
Dorothy Auman restored the old building after moving it to the present location. It now is 
situated on the northern boundry of Seagrove on Highway 220 beside the pottery shop 
operated by them. The formation of the Potters Museum pay homage to the fine potters 
who, down through generations, have paved the way for present craftsmen to follow. 

The day the museum opened a marker was dedicated in the center of Seagrove 
commemorating the old site of the depot. 



J. F. Brower 
Ben Brown 
Hardy Brown 
Dan Cagle 
John Chrisco 
John R. Chrisco 
Evan Cole 
Jesse Albright 
Matthew Cole 
Micheal Cole 
Raford Cole 
Ruffin Cole 
Jacon B. Cole 
Wren Cole 
W. T. Macon 
Frank Craven 
Wright Davis 
Rancy Steed 
Cass McNeil 
Herman McNeil 
Jack Fox 
Nicholas Fox 
Daniel G. Fox 
Himer Fox 
James M. Fox 
L. T. Fox 
W. T. Fox 
Sherman Hancock 
Jesse Jordon 
Henry Luck 



Ad Luck 

Enoch Garner 

Paschal Marable 

Jacon Miller 

W. R. Moffitt 

J. J. Owens 

Locke Owens 

Jonah Owens 

Windall Richardson 

Steve Richardson 

William Ruth 

M. T. Sugg 

L. O. Sugg 

E. L. Spencer 

J. H. Spencer 

J. M. Yow 

G. W. Teague 

Benson Tysor 

Manley Williams 

M. F. Wrenn 

N. H. Wrenn 

W. N. Craven 

J. A. Craven 

J. D. Craven 

T. W. Craven 

J. Anderson Craven 

Farrell Craven 

Enoch S. Craven 

Daniel Craven 

Walter Craven 

Ernest Craven 



54 




Walter Auman glazing wares 

55 




BROWER TOWNSHIP 




LOG ROLLING IN 1898 at CM. TYSOR'S 

(From left to right) T.B.Tysor. Tom Bean, John Fox, Jap Sugg, Frank Byrd, Uncle Lewis Sugg, Quincy Asbill, William Asbill 
CM. Tyson, Archie McKinnson, M.F.Wrenn, Allen Bean, Herbert Tysor, Eli Leach, Madison Asbill, Robert Bray. George 
Teague, Walter Staley. Ben Beck, Jobe Hayes, Eber Hayes, Will Hayes, Ruben Brown, Daniel Leach. 

56 



Communities 

Erect 

Before the white man came to this region, Indians inhabited it. Many of their artifacts 
and a burial site have been located here. 

Among the early settlers were the Browers, for whom the township and school were 
later named. They were large land and slave owners. Alfred Brower, perhaps the most 
prominent of them, owned a beautiful colonial mansion and a large country store in 
which the Brower's Mill Post Office was located. He also operated the Brower Grist Mill. 
His family was active in the Civic Affairs of the community and in Mt. Olivet Methodist 
Eqiscopal Church South. He, two of his three wives, with many of his slaves, were buried 
in his family graveyard located near his home, which was burned in recent years. 

Another family who migrated to this area from Virginia was that of Enoch Spinks and 
wife Amy Pierce Spinks, between 1741 and 1746. They willed a large tract of land in this 
area to their son, who was also named Enoch, in 1772. 

The son, Enoch, became a local preacher. He married Elizabeth Needham. To this 
union were born nine children. Only two of their sons, Garrett and Lewis, settled in this 
vicinity. 

Garrett had several children. Some of his descendants include families of Eli Leach, Joe 
Brown, Vance Spinks, Franklin Gatlin, Tom Byrd, Marsh Moffitt's second wife's children, 
and others. Of these, only some of the offsprings of Gatlins, Moffitts, and Teagues reside 
in this region now. 

Rev. Enoch Spinks, his wife, their sons, (Garrett and Lewis) and many of their 
descendants were buried in the Old Mt. Olivet Methodist Church Cementery. 

Hardy Brown migrated to the community from Chatham County, near Pleasant Grove 
Christian Church, after burying his young wife there in the early 1800's. He was twice 
married in this neighborhood, became a large land owner, and reared a large family, 
most of whom moved elsewhere. One of his daughters, Artamitia, married George 
Teague, who was originally from Chatham County. The Teagues of the community today 
are their descendants. 

Other early settlers of the region, included these families: Phillips, of whom State 
School Supt. Craig Phillips is a descendant, Waddell, Lowdermilk, Moffitt, Lawrence, 
Richardson, Yow, Albright, Needham, Comer, Bray, Asbill, Beck, Maness, Chriscoe, etc. 

Although most of the offsprings of the above migrated elsewhere, a few are residing in 
the area today. 

Rev. Enoch Spinks gave forty acres of land for the establishment of the Mt. Olivet 
Methodist Eqiscopal Church, South, in 1813. As it was the first church in this entire 
region, members came from a wide area. Many of them and their slaves were buried in 
the Old Mt. Olivet Cemetery. 

Previous to the Civil War, several one-room log school houses were built a few miles 
apart. As a need for higher education was felt, the Mt. Olivet Academy was erected near 
the present church of that name. Boarding students from other counties attended. Among 
them were the Manns and Tysors from Chatham County. Thomas Benton "Bent" Tysor, 
one of the pupils, became engaged to Mary Sugg, a descendant of Lewis Spinks. 

During the Civil War the Academy was burned. Wesley and Lewis Sugg, grandsons of 
Lewis Spinks, were in service for the Confederacy. The former died in camp, leaving a 
small son, of whom Dr. Joe Sugg is a descendant. Lewis returned without an injury. 

In later years, Lewis Sugg married Annie Tyson. Several of their descendants are 
residents of the community yet. 

57 




MT. OLIVET ACADEMY 




MT. OLIVET SCHOOL 1919 

S. G. Richardson, Principal 
Front Row: Wister Miller, Edwin Wrenn, Walton Brown, Manley Hayes, Norma 
Brown, Ruby Tysor, May Wrenn, Flossie Maness, Edith Maness. 
Second Row: Joe Tysor, Pearl Brown, Ola Wrenn, Donald Sugg, Jewell Hayes, 
Clay Sugg, Wade Tysor, Ava Maness, Lillian Maness. 

Third Row: Eva Wrenn, Flora Maness, Ernest Teague, Elizabeth Sugg, Mary 
Miller, Ethel Brown. 



58 



Following the Civil War, the people jointly rebuilt the Academy - a two story building. 
The upper story was used many years as a Masonic Hall. 

Once again pupils came from adjoining counties to study here. As transportation was 
slow, they boarded in the local homes. 

Pleasant Hill Colored School was started in 1904. The deed for two acres of land was 
made by A. S. Spinks and wife Maggie Spinks to the Board of Education July 2. It was 
later intergrated with Brower Elementary School. 

Thomas Benton Tysor, who had volunteered for the Civil War from Trinity College, 
returned minus an arm, to marry Mary Sugg. He operated a large country store in which 
a doctor's office and postoffice were located. He was asked to give the postoffice a name. 
After much deliberation, he named it "Erect" after the good posture of one of his 
neighbors. Although the postoffice no longer exists, the community is still known by that 
name. 

Riverside Baptist Church was established near the west side of Deep River. James 
Maness ("Suge") donated the land for it. Several of his descendants reside nearby and 
are active in it. 

Pleasant Hill Colored Methodist Church was established in the late 1800's. Alfred 
Macon gave the land for this church and their first school. 

During this period, Mt. Olivet Academy became an elementary two-teacher school. 
Those wishing higher education went elsewhere - to Rutherford College, Davenport 
College, Liberty or Elise High Schools. Bus service to Seagrove High School was first 
provided in 1927. 

In 1939 five small schools - Antioch, Cross Roads, Mt. Olivet, Trogdon, and Davis were 
consolidated to form Brower Elementary School. Ernest Teague and wife, Nellie Sugg 
Teague, donated six acres of land for the building site and playground. High School 
students continued to be bused to Seagrove. Beginning this year, 1976, they will go to 
Southwestern Randolph Senior High School. 

Industry 

The early settlers used primitive methods of farming. Cooperation among them in 
house raisings, corn huskings, and log rollings, to clear the land, was a common practice. 

In the late 1800's pottery making, trading, and sawmilling offered additional ways of 
making a living. Taylor and Lewis O. Suggs, brothers, were among the first to have 
pottery making in the community. Later, M. F. and W. H. Wrenn, brothers, also, had 
pottery made. Rufin ("Ruff") Cole was one of the potters. The wares from these shops 
were taken by conestogo wagons to various stores from Winston Salem to Fayetteville 
and traded for needed supplies of the region. Charlie and Herbert Tysor, Willie Moffit 
and Millard Wrenn were among the "wagoners." 

Three beauty shops are in Brower Township, operated by: Emogene Kiser, Linda 
Brady, Rt. 1, Seagrove & Juanita Comer, Rt. 2, Seagrove. 

In recent years many commute to nearby towns where they are engaged in the textile 
industry. Those who have chosen to remain employed in farming, are using modern 
methods in raising chickens, hogs, corn and small grain. 

The present store nearest that location in Erect was begun by Ernest Teague in 1938. 
The building includes a station for gas and groceries, a garage, and barber shop, now 
run by Lewis Teague. 

Another store in this township for groceries and gas, is situated on the Bennett Road 
and operated by Amos Garner, who also operates a cabinet shop. 

A farmer's Union Store was located at the former Spokane Post Office and managed by 

59 



Antioch School 1907 




*** *m 




Old Trogdon School - 1930 

60 



Mt. Olivet 
Methodist Church 
Built in 1874 



Old River 
Baptist Church 









Antioch Christian Church Early Spring of 1945 

61 



Oscar Macon. Members of this organization were given a discount on any purchase at 
that store. When Spokane was discontinued in 1918, mail was sent to Kanoy - which was 
in the home of William Moffitt. From here, mail went to Bennett in 1921. 

Dempsey Auman operated a general store at Brower's Mill for several years. 

M. F. Wrenn also operated a store about one half mile north of Brower's Mill. 

The David Chrisco Store, two miles west of Brower's Mill, is in operation now. 

Another Methodist Church, Mt. Zion, was organized across Deep River in the edge of 
the county. The Phillipses and Waddells, above mentioned, became active in it. For many 
years it was on the same charge at Mt. Olivet and the two congregations were very close. 

Thomas Wrenn and family migrated from Guilford County via Franklinville to the Erect 
Community. His son, Millard, married Cora Tysor, another of Lewis Spink's descendants. 
They reared six children, only two of whom still live in the neighborhood. 

When the Mt. Olivet Academy ceased to provide higher education, pupils desiring to, 
went elsewhere. Several went to Albermarle to attend the Academy there. John Spinks, 
another of Lewis's descendants, was in charge of it. 

Two more churches were established in this region. Rev. Nelson Hayes, son of Calvin 
Hayes, organized Antioch Christian Church. He had several brothers and sisters who 
were active in it. On July 28, 1886, John Fesmire and wife Rachel, deeded six tenths acre 
to Trustees: William Brady, Rev. W. N. Hayes, and A. L. Needham. Present Church built 
in 1951 - additions in 1969. 

Transportation 

The earliest mode of travel in the region was by horseback, wagons, carts, buggies and 
carriages. There were no bridges crossing the streams. Waddell's Ferry was used to 
cross Deep River. The creeks were crossed only at fords or where the water was shallow. 
The wares which the potters sent to market would get wet when the wagons crossed the 
creeks. It was important to pack them so that the water drained out, and the wagons 
would not be loaded too heavy. 

In the early part of this century (1919) a covered bridge was built with volunteer labor 
at Brower's Mill across Fork Creek, near the fording place. Neighbors built the rock 
pillars for it. John Cox, his son Tom, and Nicholas Brooks did the carpentry work. Until 
this time, all road work was done by volunteers. 

When the state assumed responsibility for road work, transportation was greatly 
improved. The one-way covered bridge was replaced with a wider open one. 

Until Governor Kerr Scott took office, there was not a square foot of paved road in the 
entire region. Thanks to his administration, today all of the major roads are paved or are 
in good condition. 



Communication 
During the pioneer days, news traveled slowly. Dr. R. L. Caviness had the first 
telephone system installed. This was a great help to him in his medical practice and to 
the community in getting information to and from the outside. After the doctor retired 
from practice, the system was discontinued. About twenty-five years lapsed before the 
Randolph Telephone Membership Corporation provided service. Today there are very 
few homes without it. 

Other Improvements 
Previous to the coming of the Rural Electrification Administration, a few homes had 
electricity produced in farm plants, but it was of little use except for lights. 

62 




T. B. and C. M. Tysor Store 1900 pictured are T. B. Tysor, Ray Tysor and Dewey the dog. 




Teague's Store 1938 

Left to right: Ernest Teague, Edsel Needham. Charles Teague. Zem Fox. Perry Cox. and Herman 
Garner. 



63 



Today, there are a miltitude of uses of electricity in every home and in the operation of 
the farms. 

When Rural Free Delivery was extended to every home, mail service was greatly 
improved. 

Recent Developments 

Many new beautiful modern homes have been built in the region. Others are under 
construction. 

A fire station with fire fighting equipment has been added in the Erect Community. 

Two more beautiful churches - Trinity Wesleyan and Community Independent Baptist - 
have been established in the region. Riverside Church has brick veneered their 
sanctuary and added a modern Fellowship Hall. Antioch Church is building a new larger 
sanctuary. Mt. Olivet added a modern Fellowship Hall a few years ago. Other 
improvements are in progress. 

Mrs. Ernest Teague 



Pisgah 

In the early 1800's the stage coach on its run from Salisbury traveled treacherous, 
often unmarked roads, through a portion of the Uwharrie Mountains and beyond, in the 
foothills turned onto a road called the stage coach road crossed one of the beginning legs 
of the Little River at the stage coach ford and shortly afterwards pulled up to the home of 
Dan Luther. This was one of the coaches stops on its way to Fayetteville. The community 
is called Pisgah. 

Pisgah was sparsely settled with mostly Irish, German, English, Scotch and Dutch. The 
people farmed for their livelyhood. Farming at that time, we today would say, was 
primitive. Tool designs of one hundred years not unlike those designed by Thomas 
Jefferson and the designes found in Diderot's Encyclopedia were used and functioned 
well. Plows, wagons, carts were pulled by oxen, mules, horses. The industrial revolution 
had not reached Pisgah. 

Stock laws had not come into being so cattle ran free and were marked by owners. In 
1845 from March to the first snow of the following fall no rain of any significance fell. 
Crops dried and baked under the sun and all the inhabitants suffered. Cows came from 
some distance to drink at the Martha Parks spring since it was one of the few water 
supplies left. This was probably the worst drought ever in the area. The summer was 
referred to as the hot summer of '45. 

The first half of the 19th century also brought families to the area by the name of Park. 
They built unusual residences. Two houses were constructed. One was used for cooking, 
eating and sleeping and the other had sleeping quarters also, but this structure was used 
for Sunday company, since it consisted of nicer molding and more tailored architectual 
features. At lead 3 of these sights existed. 

The Civil War came. War takes much but leaves little. Many of the young and able men 
were away fighting. A band of thieves roamed the community taking what they wished 
from the very young, the women and the very old. The thieves came to the home of 
Tabitha Lucas, the second Postmistress of Pisgah. Tabitha sat upon a piece of home 
tanned leather with her full skirt spread wide to prevent it's being stolen. 

In the mid-1800's, Labon Slack built a house with money he earned while helping build 
the old plank road. Later he and his wife Elizabeth rented a room and served meals to a 
Mr. Johnson. This was called boarding. Mr. Johnson began to practice medicine in an 

64 



Laban Slack House 




NTT 



Pis g ah Community 



'JLAH 



mill 






65 



enclosed portion of the back porch. Later he moved his practice to Seagrove and 
Asheboro. 

Medical treatment in those days was as primitive as farming or so we would think 
today. Dr. Crone practiced near Troy in Montgomery county. Dr. Crone discovered a cure 
for Diphtheria in the mid-1 800's. He and his daughters made and sold the medical 
wonder. Certain people in the community were proficient at administering Dr. Crone's 
Diphtheria treatment. Throats were swabbed with this solution. Diphtheria was a 
dreaded disease evidenced today by cemeteries which contain several graves for one 
family with death dates just days apart. 

Dr. Crone would not, however, sell or give the recipe to anyone. It died with him and 
his daughter. 1890 saw the next cure. The Plunketts came from Guilford county about the 
1890's. To be a doctor then was a different situation than today. Motor cars were not 
available to any great extent. So. Dr. Plunkett, with Sis or Sally to assist, rode horse and 
buggy, to the home of the afflicted. Payment was seldom in the form of money but rather it 
was in the form of produce or satisfaction or need to help on the part of the doctor. 

Later half of the 1800's and early 1900's saw the building of 4 schools. Pisgah and High 
Pine, near their respective churches. Welch, near Mt. Lebanon Church and Dunn's 
crossroads. These schools usually were one room structures, except Welch, which 
was very progressive with 2 rooms. Heat was provided by box like heaters of cast iron. 
Pisgah school burned during a school day. In the 1930's, schools were consolidated and 
Union School was built across from the Labon Slack's house. 

The Mormons came in pairs to teach and preach and minister in the area. Mrs. 
Brookshire's boarding house was where they found a roof under which to stay the night. 
Mormons were considered by many to be undersirable. A group of, shall we say, 
concerned citizens saw to it they they were sent away. Several came to Pisgah where 
such families as George Lucas, Cicero Lucas and Sid Cox gave them shelter. 

In the late 1800's to mid - 1900's, 1894 to 1901 and 1902 to 1952, Lula Cox was 
Postmistress of Pisgah. Previous to this, James Newsom (1876) and Tabitha Lucas (1878) 
had served in that capacity. Mrs. Cox and her husband Sid, in 1911, finished a 12 room 
house that became the best known landmark in Pisgah. It was an enormous Late 
Victorian house. Paper hangers came and other craftmen to help in the construction of 
this home. One approached by climbing steps cut out into a white flint wall some 3 feet 
high. 

Near by was the general store building where the Post Office operation took place. The 
store was dark inside. There was a rack containing bolts of oil cloth, a tobacco cutter and 
a case where records of the business were kept. A glass case displayed hand bags, 
change purses, and snake skins worthy of display. Every possible spot was utilized for 
display of merchandise throughout the store. 

1911 in Pisgah saw another new structure being built. Down stream from Stage Coach 
Ford where Little River crossed Mt. Lebonon church road was the sight of a new covered 
bridge, Jack Welch contracted to build the bridge for $40.00. This structure not only 
spanned the river but also the super structure protected the bridge proper from the 
extreme weather conditions. 

The hot summer of '45 was the most extreme of droughts recorded. Once, however, 
conditions became very dry, so dry in fact that the people with the help of the minister at 
Pisgah planned a program for the purpose of praying for rain. The minister went about 
informing every one of the meeting. He came by Tom Slack's and said "Brother Tom, pray 
for rain and..." Tom broke in, "It won't do a damn bit of good 'til the wind gets out of the 
east." 

66 




COXS STGUL 




&u 4L A' 




US./v 



V^-^ 



PASGAtf 5/?//>SF 



67 



Back in time to the early 1800's. There was Quaker Church, Uwharrie Quaker Church 
or Union Quaker Church. The members decided to rebuild and they gave the old church 
to the blacks and it became the first black school in the county. This took place in the 
community of Strieby. Abner Lewis, a white man, was the first teacher. 

Ned Hill, a free black, lived with a Quaker family and became the first black in what is 
today known as Strieby. 

Ned Hill's great-grandson, Authur Hill, says that Isac Walton, was sent to Virginia to 
school. He returned and organized the Strieby Congregational Church. Funds were 
recruited from the New York office of the Congregational Church in order to build this 
first church in Strieby. 

Mid-1800's brought the Skillicorn name to the community. Mr. Skillicorn was a minning 
engineer from England, who came to manage the Uwharrie Mines in Strieby. He was paid 
at the rate of $25.00 per month. 

The owner one day came by Brax Auman's Government still, purchased 2, 2Vz gallon 
buckets of whiskey, came to the mine and placed a dipper in each bucket and offered 
drinks to all the workers. 

Lenton Slack 




The White House 

Home of Benjamin Brookshire, White 
House Post Office established here in 
1849. 



Ulah 



Early in the nineteenth century, a Guilford County resident named Benjamin 
Brookshire visited the area around Little River in what is now Cedar Grove Township. 
What he found there was so appealing to him that he went back to Guilford County, 
disassembled his large frame house, loaded it and his family on wagons and moved them 
all to the new-found spot. Reconstructing his home on the Salisbury-Fayetteville Post 
Road, Brookshire began a profitable pastime as tavern-keeper. 

The growth of the area was so rapid that in 1849, Benjamin Brookshire was made 
postmaster of a new post office, named after his transplanted home: White House, 
so-called because its gleaming exterior bore the first coat of paint ever seen in those 
parts. 

According to tradition, there was a picnic one day at the White House. It was the time 
long before stock laws, and farm animals were allowed to run loose to feed themselves in 
the woods. Pigs easily slip from domestication into savagery, and on this occasion a 
razorback hog which had gone wild invaded the group of innocent picnickers, grabbed a 
small child, and "tore him to pieces" with his fearsome tusks. Perhaps as a result of this 
tragedy, Benjamin's son Enoch soon left the White House and settled his family in a farm 
on what is now the Flag Springs Road. Enoch discovered that a legend went with his new 
home: it was the home of Martha Huzza, where Jonathan Lewis, the murderer of Naomi 
Wise, had been arrested in 1808. 

68 



Rocky Ridge School 1906 



First Row: Nina Whatley, Bessie Bean, Alma Luck, Nannie Allred, Mattie Williams, Esther Cox, Albert Russell, 

Eula Luther, Elmer Presnell, Garland Voncannon, Lester Freeman, Arnold Hussey, Homer Dawson. 

Second Row: Louise Whatley, Ila Cox, Maude Voncannon, Modean Allred, Sara Ellen Bean, Annie Williams, 

Ollie Brown, Cagle, Buzzella Brown, Loudella Bean, Meadie Luck, Lewallen, Lester Russell, Willie 

Boggs. 

Third Row: Maude Whatley, Jasper Boggs, Sears, Jessie Brown, Fletcher Dawson, Frank Brown, Henry 

Lewallen, Russell Ashworth (Teacher), Press Voncannon, Grover Boggs, Rufus Williams, Wendell Cox, Ralph 

Whatley. 

Standing: Effie (Luck) Bean, Annie Cox, Emma Dawson, Dora Voncannon, Elma Brown, Minnie Luther, Dorie 

Freeman. Ida Bean, Addie Frye, Daisy Presnell, Evonne Allred, Kathleen Frye, Laylie Allred, Walter Hussey. 




ULAH SCHOOL 

69 



Benjamin Brookshire died in 1862, in the midst of the Civil War, and was buried at the 
old Uwharrie Meeting House. A replacement was not named by the beleaguered 
Confederate government. As if losing its first owner was not enough, the White House 
was soon to lose its identity. E. B. Henley, appointed postmaster in 1866, moved the post 
office to his own home, and White House, North Carolina, was administered from a log 
cabin. Stephen Henley took over in 1867, Levi T. Branson in 1874, and V. T. Dawson in 
1907. In 1908 the post office was discontinued and service moved to Seagrove. 

Though the center of attention and activity after the war moved toward Ulah and first 
the plank road and then the railroad, the White House area remained the scene for two 
important activities of the late nineteenth century: gold-mining and sawmilling. In 1894 
business directory compiled by Eli Branson, no less than five gold mines and three steam 
saw mills were listed around the White House countryside. L. F. Rush owned the Rush 
mine; John T. Cramer ran the Buckeye mine; the Hammond Creek mine was operated with 
much success by John B. Gluyas before the war. Levi Branson ran both a gold mine and a 
sawmill. The sawmill was located near the present High Pines Church, and can be seen 
in photographs belonging to Mr. Clifford Hammond. The foreman of the mill was Ben 
Dawson who now lives between Fayetteville and Elizabethtown. Slabs to fire the boiler 
were cut by one-armed Clayton Roach. The boiler of the steam engine was cased in rock, 
a usual safety precaution at that time. John B. Gluyas, a crippled old man at the 1904 date 
of the photograph can be seen visiting the mill. Young Mr. Hammond can be found 
peeking out of the sawdust pit. His job as a schoolboy was to scoop out the sawdust and 
roll it away in a wheelbarrow. 

The unusually interesting pictures were taken by Walter Lilly, a local black man who 
had learned photography in Boston, Massachusetts. He returned in 1904 to live in the 
vicinity of the White House with his family, and practiced his trade there for a year 
before moving to Asheboro. All his pictures were stamped "H. W. Lilly, Photographer, 
White House, North Carolina." 

When it was felt to be inconvenient to travel to the Uwharrie Meeting House for 
church, small log house was built near Penn Hammond's present house. A school was 
started which used this building during the week, and when Hopewell Church was built 
in 1885 on land donated by the Bransons, the school moved with it. In 1907 a separate 
structure was erected for Hopewell School. Another school in the area was the Rocky 
Ridge School, which was conducted in a small frame structure until 1912, when classes 
moved to the new Ulah School. 

In 1889 the government decided to open a post office on the route of the old plank road, 
in anticipation of the arrival of the railroad. Manly R.("Rob") Moffitt, who was to be 
postmaster, chose to name the new office after his daughter, Ulah (sometimes spelled as 
'Uhla' or 'Ula'). His general store was located where Jerry Dickinson lives now. Rob 
Moffitt was a renowned local character who chewed tobacco, sported a long black 
beard, and was known by the much-muttered phrase "Tut tut! Tut tut!" 

With his daughter married off to Nixon Lucas and the railroad's arrival bringing on a 
boom in the crosstie business, Rob Moffitt left the operation of the store to W. H. ("Will") 
Hill and contented himself with running the post office. He died before the First World 
War. 

The railroad had come to Ulah. A native of the area around Ninety-Six, South Carolina, 
who recalled coating his feet in tar to substitute for shoes when taking geese to market, 
"Enoch" Whatley, known as "E", was Section Foreman in the construction of the 
railroad. He had previously built the railroad into Aberdeen and, with his family, 
followed the advance of the rails south from High Point, living first in Trinity, then in 

70 



Auman Store at Ulah 
Frank Auman standing in doorway Charles T. Luck in wagon. 




House typical of 1875 period — Charles T. Luck resident at White House 

71 



Asheboro, and finally in the tiny "Section House" built by his workers near Moffitt's 
store and still standing. 

When the railroad was finished, E. Whatley decided to stay on in the area, having 
found it as appealing as had Benjamin Brookshire nearly a hundred years earlier. He 
settled his family near Rocky Ridge School and went into the lumber business. At one 
time he owned Purgatory Mountain and almost all the area today covered by the North 
Carolina Zoological Park, and temporarily moved into a camp there to oversee the 
sawmill operations. 

Irving T. Cox became the postmaster in 1908, and moved the office into his store on the 
present day site of Allene Whatley's garden. Cox began his store with Frank Dawson as a 
partner, and their main business, as Moffitt's had been, was the buying and selling of 
crossties. Both stores had loading platforms built out to the railroad where boys were 
paid to load ties into the trains. Hewing ties was a simple, though physically demanding, 
project to make spending money, and even women cut ties and brought them in to sell. 

Other stores began to open: Bud Williams sold fertilizer and ran a little corn mill until 
his store burned in 1927. Milton Hill began a store which was taken over by Rupert H. 
Freeman in 1914 when he became the new postmaster. Even Captain "E" Whatley got in 
the store business, opening a large two-story building in the intersection of 220 and the 
road to Pisgah which faced his new house. On the first floor "E" dealt in seed and 
provisions, while on the second floor his wife Ellen ran a millinery store, selling ladies' 
hats. 

On March 22, 1911 "E" Whatley deeded the Randolph County Board of Education two 
acres of land on which to build the new Ulah School. It was opened in November, 1912, 
with a "box party", to raise money. A box party was an auction where boys in the school 
bidded both on box lunches made by young ladies, and the right to have those responsible 
as dinner companions. 

In preparation for paving in 1927, the road was straightened and moved to follow the 
original path of the plank road instead of the railroad bed. Some of the old planks were 
found during construction. A huge rock crusher was constructed near the railroad to 
make gravel for the road. 

Ralph Whatley, young son of Enoch, had seen action in World War I as an airplane 
mechanic on the front lines. The then strange and exotic machines would arrive in 
France crated in large boxes, and a mechanic's duty was to assemble a plane and keep it 
in the air despite bullet holes and crash landings. Back in Ulah in 1923, Whatley began a 
garage with hand-cranked Esso gasoline pumps and a machine shop run by Mr. Johnie 
Voncannon. 

Frank Auman had taken over the job of keeping Irving Cox's store, but during the 
1930's and '40's the businesses in the small community began to disappear one by one. 
The old Auman store closed and was torn down when Ralph Whatley built a house for his 
family. The Ulah School was closed in 1944, after which the students were sent to 
Seagrove and the building used by the Home Demonstration Club as a Community Center. 

"E" Whatley had his store turned around in an effort to attract the greater traffic on 
the new 220, but he died and the unstable building was torn down. In 1948, the post 
mastership was given to Mrs. Allen (Trogdon) Whatley, wife of Ralph Whatley. She was 
still said to be postmaster instead of postmistress, because she was in charge of 
"mastering the mail." In 1953, however, a drive to save money forced the closing of 
Fourth Class post offices, and Ulah's final distinction disappeared. 

The only organizations still operated from Ulah today are the old Whatley Garage, now 
mainly a foreign auto parts salvage yard, owned by Lowell Whatley, (son of Ralph), and 

72 



the Ulah Volunteer Fire Department. Organized in 1968, the Department was given the 
old Ulah School property where a new fire station and community center was built. The 
department owns a tanker, two pumpers, a brush truck, and a 1941 "parade" truck. The 
Chief is Jerry Dickinson, owner of D-Blaze Fire Extinguisher and Alarm Co., and the 
Assistant Chief is Norris Whatley. 

Mac Whatley 




Home of Stehen Huzza where Jonathan Lewis, murderer of Naomi Wise was 
arrested in 1808. 



73 





Yow's Mill 



Why Not 

Why did they name it Why Not? The answer most people give is that after the Post 
Office was established in 1860 it needed a name. The men got together to decide what it 
should be and a lot of names were suggested. Why not name it this and why not name it 
that. None were agreed upon as it grew later and later. Finally Alfred Yow said "Let's 
name it Why Not and let's go home". They departed with a good laugh leaving the new 
Post Master, Josiah Presnell with "Why Not" to enter on his official records. 

The community really developed years before this as the Hancocks, Cassadys, 
Lowdermilks, Coles, Macons, Lucks, Graves and Coxes settled on the fertile lands of the 
Fork and Meadow Creeks. Small mountains lay to the north. Gray, Pond, Smith, Haddock 
and Needham was the largest where the head water of Bear Creek began at the Gap of 
the mountain. 

In 1815 Joshua Cox bought land about two miles below the forks of the creek of the 
same name. One of his daughters married Henry Yow who with Joshua built a mill in 1820 
for grinding grains. By 1870 Robinson Yow had added a saw mill to the water powered 
wheel, grinding grains during the day and sawing lumber at night. Yow family continued 
to operate the mill until about 1890. Then Minerva Swift and his son-in-law A. Westley 
Caviness installed a 40 horse turbine water wheel to power the mill. 

After a few years, Swift and Caviness sold the operation back to Andrew J. Yow and 
his son. They let the mill to John C. Chriscoe in 1917 who operated it until his death in 
1925. At this time O. M. Yow began working it. G. D. Moose from Stanley County bought it 
later and disconnected the machinery selling the building and land to Harwood Graves, 
the present owner. 

A Post Office was established at Fork Creek the same year the one at Why Not was 
organized, but the people who lived near here claimed Why Not as their home. Years 
later, J. B. Slack, a retired regional director for the Farmers Home Administration who 
was born and reared in Why Not declared "these folks living here are mighty proud. 
They like to be known as being from Why Not." Even today this pride can be seen as auto 



74 



licenses proclaim the name of their community. 

Why Not had one of the best academies in this part of the state which helped draw 
attention to the area. Recently officals reported that the center of the state's population 
area lay between Why Not and Erect. The place has no definite limits. At one time Evan 
Cole's pottery shop was listed as Why Not. He lived four miles east near the Moore 
County line. Folks five miles north also received their mail here. 

Josiah Presnell kept the office until it discontinued in 1866. Then in 1877, when it was 
reinstated, Alfred Yow served. Martin Cagle was installed in 1892 and Mammie 
Richardson was Post Mistress from 1898 until the mail was sent to Seagrove in 1905. 

The community had, besides the mill and pottery shops, a General Store run by Esau 
Spencer. A tan yard and a wagon factory was also operated by Spencer. By 1895 J. W. 
Spencer took over the store and A. M. Yow ran one near the mill. 

Families owned large tracts of land farming grains. A diary belonging to Calvin 
Cassady revealed that his father came from Ireland and at the age of 20 married 
Elizabeth Wilkinson in 1790. Elizabeth also had arrived from the Emerald Isle with her 
three brothers in 1789. They settled on "the waters of Forke Creek". To this union was 
born eight children. Calvin was the youngest born in 1819. 

Calvin's diary told that while his parents cleared the wilderness they also taught him 
to read and write, work mathematics and compose poetry. He also learned history and 
was a natural born mechanic, making locks, augers and wagons. 

Calvin became engaged to Fannie Moffitt and set himself to establishing a home and a 
productive farm. Not to please himself alone nor his neighbors but his beloved Fannie. He 
was delighted to learn of her wit as well as her love of trees. He entered in his diary 
journal: 

"I am compelled to plant a grove 

To satisfy the girl I love 

This grove, she says, must be composed 

Of nineteen trees in nine straight rows" 
There is a drawing of a perfect star where he had solved this problem bisecting every 
angle. Beneath the star he had written, dated October 2, 1845: 

"At every cross now you may see 

I do expect to plant a tree 

Then counting it will be seen 

That all the X's make nineteen. 

These trees are to be planted so 

That five will count in every row 

She says if I can plant this grove 

I may call mine the girl I love." 

He began his estate with the erection of a large barn 56' x 66'. With the assistance of 
two Negro slaves, John and Enoch Cassady, sawed all the lumber with a sash saw from 
heart pine timbers, morticed and pinned it. Roman numerals still visible were cut on each 
piece of timber framing so that matching was done perfectly. 

Rocks weighing two to three tons were brought from a nearby creek to form the 
foundation. Having started on September 1, 1843 the barn was completed August 1, 1844. 
Calvin's artistic hands fashioned the crown molding under the eves, the hinges and 
latches as well as the lightning rods. The two story barn is still standing on the late A. B. 
Lowdermilk home place. At the head of the stairway is a trap door that when tripped 
released hay to the basement floor. There is a large feeding trough 26 feet long hewn out 
of a log. The sides are worn away from years of use. 

75 



Cassady had in mind after the barn was built to plant the grove of trees and build a 
substantial home for his love. Such was not the case. In the fall of 1847 Calvin became 
sick with the fever. He sent for a doctor in Rockingham but died before he got there. He 
was buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery which is said to be one of the oldest and best kept 
grave yards in this county. Other stones there indicate that people were laid to rest here 
175 years ago beside one of the first churches established in this section. 

What happen to Fannie Moffitt is not recorded except that she rests in a cemetery 
about four miles from her bethrothed. 

Very few communities are fortunate in having written journals from which to base 
their past but Why Not has not one but three which tells of days gone by. The diary of 
Alexander Spencer, born 1818 (one year before Cassady) was gleaned by C. Henry King 
and published in the Courier-Tribune September 1960. Part of this material is enclosed 
here. Spencer's daughter, Minnie Spencer Stuart, born 1872, also wrote a story of her 
generation. Mrs. C. E. Stuart was given the role of Historial for the community and served 
as correspondent for the Courier beginning in 1897. Her sister, the late Connie Spencer 
Lowdermilk, gave this material requesting that it be included in the story of this area. 

D. R. Graves, born 1879, has been a citizen of the Why Not Community for almost a 
century. His daughter, Dellamaie Graves Cagle, has recently recorded many of his 
recollections: 



Dolphin Graves 



We think it fitting to pay tribute to one of the oldest living citizens of the Seagrove 
Area. It is Dolphin Graves, better known as "Pap" Graves to everyone. He only lacks 
three years of living out the last century including our Bicentennial. He was born August 
5, 1879 to Randolph and Martha Parks Graves and was ninth of a family of thirteen 
children. They lived about 2 miles north of Why Not. Their home was a log house with 
kitchen, a 'big' house and loft where all the children slept. 

He tells of his early schooling at Rock Springs school near Hulda Church. It was a log 
building with slab benches and a fireplace on one end. Some of the teachers he recalls 
were Coy Cox and Lindo Johnson, who was a brother to our beloved Dr. Johnson. His last 
teacher was Billy Harper. He excelled in mathematics and stopped school long enough to 
earn money to buy an arithmetic book. "Books were not furnished in those days," he 
recalled "and families could not always supply the money for them". When he went back 
to school he was able to almost finish the entire book so his teacher encouraged him to go 
to Why Not and take a course in higher mathematics but he was unable to do so. 

Another school remembered was the Cox School. It was located on Cox land near the 
old Yow Mills. It served families east of Why Not after it opened in 1913. The first teacher 
was Ethel Maness Johnson and some of the others were Mrs. Elba Slack, Dena Yow, Mrs. 
Nora Lawrence, Walter Macon and Myrtte Cox. This school was consolidated with 
Seagrove after 1930. 

Not only have times changed, he says, but also the weather. He recalls snow staying on 
the ground for six weeks at a time and winters were extremely cold when he was growing 
up. This was in the days before they had 'stock law' and it was a cold, cold chore getting 
out and hunting up the hogs and cows to feed them when the ground was covered in 
snow. There would be sows with new born pigs and calves to be found where the mother 
cows had hidden for days. Often they were in such weakened condition in Spring that 
they had to be "tailed" - that is helping them up on their feet by pulling them upwards by 
their tail. 

His father, Randolph, was a blacksmith and there was many a fire to keep hot and 
bellows to blow. His father was also a coffin maker. He kept a special wood and when 

76 




Grinding cane for syrup 



SPENCER HOUSE 

1852 

This house was owned 
by George Spencer who 
was a land baron and 
slave owner. 

This plantation was 
formed in 1825 when 
Johnson Spencer, father 
of George Spencer, 
bought 373 acres from 
George Tucker. Twenty 
seven years later in 1852 
this same piece of land 
was deeded to George 
Spencer. 

Spencer acquired sev- 
eral slaves who began 
clearing and cultivation of 
the land. That same year 
he decided to build a 
house, lacking funds for 
this structure, he sold one 
of his slaves. 




■ 



77 



people died the coffin was made to order in the size needed. 

"Pap" remembers of days long before the railroad was built and Seagrove was not yet. 
The coming of the railroad was quite an event - almost the same as the discovery of gold. 
He recalls that all the mules which were used to work on the railroad were brought to the 
blacksmith shop on the weekend to be shod. His father made the horse shoes but it was 
his and his brothers' job to put them on the mules. He also helped cut wood and put it on 
racks beside the tracks to be used to fire the train boiler. He recalls many of the train 
wrecks when the train would 'jump track' but there was one worse than all the others. It 
happened between Seagrove and Asheboro. The train turned over and the engineer's leg 
was pinned. No one could get it out so the engineer, fearing he would be burned to death, 
took his knife and dislocated his knee at the joint. He recalls the happier times too. When 
the railroad was finished, the Sunday Schools of the area were given a "Free Excursion" 
on the train to the resorts at Pinehurst. Young and old and babies all filled the train. He 
went with his girl friend, Delilah Moore, who he later married, and he bought her a silk 
handerkerchief while there. 

When he was growing up wages were very low. He worked on the farm for an older 
brother for twenty five cents a day. He chuckled that there was discrimination then as 
well as today, for his sister only received fifteen cents a day. 

They also made syrup as a family business, each one having his own job to do. "Pap's" 
job was to grind the cane. A mule was used to pull the cane mill, walking around and 
around in a circle. Other people would bring their cane in to be made into syrup. Toll was 
one third of the syrup for their work. Then in the winter they would peddle this out at 
fifteen cents a gallon, mostly taking it to Randleman where people were working in the 
cotton factories and had money in their pockets. 

Gardens in those days were a must and in a corner all to itself was the "Yarb Garden" 
where they grew their own seasonings and medicines. Sometimes, he said, they would 
carry these to market and camp by the side of the road in traveling, oft times waking up 
with a blanket of snow that had fallen while they slept. 

Young people will always find some form of recreation. Their's was to get together and 
walk to the "Big Meeting". They would walk to Flag Springs, New Hope, Why Not, 
Pleasant Hill and even to Mt. Olivet. They would carry their shoes in their hands until 
they got in sight of where they were going and then they would stop and put them on. This 
was to save wear on their shoes for a pair was hard to come by. Even before they got to 
the church they could hear the shouting and the singing of songs, of Zion and the 
preaching of 'Fire and Brimstone'. There would be a big brush arbor with slab benches. 
A scaffold, built to one side and covered with mud, had a fire built on top to give light. He 
decided to leave it to others to decide whether it was always for the soul that drew them 
to the meeting or if it was "the longest way was the sweetest way home" while walking 
barefoot with a pretty girl and your shoes in your hand". 

There was an epidemic of Typhoid Fever when he was eighteen years old. Only a 
member or two of his whole family escaped the dreaded disease and two of his sisters 
died from it. They believed in starving a fever. He says he lived for six weeks on 'gruel' 
(flour stirred in water). After he was strong enough to ride to the mill for grinding he 
weighed on the mill scales and found that he had went from 175 pounds down to 90. 

In 1900 when he was 21 years of age there was a voting issue on stock laws. He was 
honest and says that he voted against it for that meant putting their cows and hogs in 
pasture and that it took "a bit of getting used to". Shortly after this he married Delilah 
Moore, bought a team and began 'hauling'. His wages were $1.50 a day for himself and 
the team. He began to think of buying land of his own and this he did. He purchased 560 

78 



acres at a dollar an acre in Richmond County near Rockingham. Here he began to farm 
and operate his own shingle mill. Shingles were made out of Juniper wood cut off his land. 

By this time he had two little boys and his wife became homesick. He reasoned that if it 
were he that wanted to go home she would agree so they sold that farm and bought one in 
Why Not. This was originally Page land - the same Page that built the railroad. He has 
lived here since. A third boy was born and a few months later Delilah died leaving him 
with the three children. His sister came to help but in a little while the baby boy died of 
Meningitis. In 1908 he married Delia Leach and they had five children, twins, one dying 
in infancy. In all he had nine children with only six living. Ottis and Philmore from the 
first marriage, Harwood, Martha, the surviving twin, Clyde and Dellamaie from the last 
marriage. 

He took a lot of pride in his farming, keeping up with the latest things and always tried 
to do better each year. His last major project was a herd of Charlois cattle which he had 
to sell after suffering a stroke nine years ago. His wife died in 1949 and up until three 
years ago maintained his own home. At this time daughter, Martha Lucas and her 
husband, Elijah, bought the farm and he lives with them. He is plagued with Arthritis and 
his sight is getting dim but his mind is keen and he keeps up with all the latest news. At 96 
years old he made medical history by successfully having a hip transplant. Everyone 
feels enriched by his presence and he says he has no enemies for he has "outlived them 
all". He will soon be celebrating his 97th birthday with his family which include the five 
children (Philmore is now deceased), twenty three grandchildren, forty nine great 
grandchildren and fifteen great-great grand babies making a total of 92 descendents. 

There are four sets of twins in this family. He had a set, a son had a set, a grandson 
had twins as did a great grandson. This makes a set of twins in four consective 
generations. He is a life long member of Hulda Baptist Church, joining when he was a 
young man a few years after the church was organized. 



D. R. Graves escorting Mrs. 
Minnie Spencer Stuart to the 
Fairgrove Church Centennial in 
1959. The coat worn by "Pap" 
Graves was woven and tailored 
by his mother in 1875. Mrs. 
Stuart was dressed in the 
attair of her Mother's of about 
the same date. 




79 



Alexander Spencer Diary 

Extracted By Henry King 

Only a few of Randolph's early citizens wrote their life stories and those 
autobiographies were mostly handwritten documents that were handed down a 
generation or two and then lost to historians. A small number were privately printed and 
when one of these turn up they offer a rare insight into the blank spaces of our local 
history. 

Such a paper is the autobiography of Alexander Spencer, a Randolph County native, 
which was printed in 1908. Although Mr. Spencer did not live to complete his story, it was 
given some concluding remarks and published by his son, J. H. Spencer. 

From dates ascertained in the document, the son J. H. would be about 108 years old 
(and likely more) if living today. 

Mr. Spencer's original paper contained many lengthy references to personal religious 
convictions and these have been deleted because it is not likely they would interest a 
majority of the readership and because of space limitations. Also, not all events were in 
chronological order and liberty has been taken here to arrange dates for readability and 
thus aid in annotation. 

"I was born the 21st day of January, 1818, on the waters of Fork Creek, Randolph 
County, N. C." (So starts the narrative of Alexander Spencer's life. Daniel Boone was still 
living; Napoleon Bonaparte was still in exile on the island of Saint Helena. 

Abe Lincoln was just a 9 year old boy. Illinois would enter the union this year. 

Randolph County was sparsely settled and the next few sessions were to see Alabama 
and Maine become states, the first ocean steamship would operate, Florence 
Nightingale, U. S. Grant, and Pres. Rutherford Hayes, and Stonewall Jackson would be 
born, Florida ceded by Spain to U. S. the Monroe Doctrine proclaimed, the Erie Canal 
open, Colt revolver patented, and the notorious David Fanning would die on faraway 
Nova Scotia.] 



FIRST SCHOOLING 

"I was eight years old the first day I went to school, I was placed at my grandfather 
Ashworth's, went to school two miles and only missed four and one half days. The first 
day I learned my letters in an old Dillworth spelling book; the next day I was furnished 
with a Webster speller. I advanced rapidly from week to week; finally I was put in a class 
with Robert Dunn not far from my age. He had gone to school months before. Then we did 
advance; we could soon spell in one and two syllables through the book. 

"The teacher turned us back to the beginning of the book. We soon learned to spell in 
four syllables through the book. He turned us back again to the first easy reading where 
it read: "No man may put off the law of God. My joy is in His law all day" etc. We read 
and spelled through once more before the three months were out. The teacher took me 
from the second spelling class and put me in the first or largest class. I remember the 
first word I went head on, was "bludgeon." I guess my eyes sparkled then for they are 
good size anyway. 

BOYHOOD FISHING 
"I was raised to fish on Sunday, with bow and arrow and kill great strings of fish and 
thought it no harm to those who had not openly professed religion. About the only fear we 

80 



had was the preacher or some pious person would see us. This was my raising and I had 
a good honest father and mother, who raised me as they were raised. 

"Even firing a gun on Sunday was considered no harm if you had a squirrel up a tree. I 
was ten or eleven years old and brother Goodman was eight and a half years old when he 
and I went fishing." 

"Our implements were a pine torch and a paddle with which to strike them, we fished 
up the creek nearby and soon came to a small hole of water in which a school of white 
suckers had just assembled. In a little while Goodman killed three and I killed fourteen, 
making seventeen large suckers, many of them measuring fifteen to eighteen inches in 
length. They made a big load for us to carry on a string. My father's cousin, Harbird 
Spencer, from Montgomery County was there with a stallion. They made a big to do over 
the affair, a wonderful thing for little boys to do. The fish had come from a millpond 
below. 

POWDER HORN EXPLOSION 
"In those days people hunted and killed much wild game: deer, turkeys, squirrels, etc. An 
old man, Cagle was out one day with his boys and got after a squirrel and in the scramble 
lost his powder horn which was full of powder. Well, he knew within a small compass of 
where it had to be. They hunted diligently but could not find it, The old man said: Boys, 
scratch a great wide ring in the leaves around here and stand and watch while I stick 
fire to the leaves; they will burn off and we will see the horn before it bursts.' The leaves 
were burning and all hands were watching when all at once, what an explosion! 

"The old man was blown against some hickory saplings. Jumping up with his knuckles 
skinned a little, he smote his fists together and swore jackly damn. He was a man of his 
own accord. This was squirrel hunting in my boyhood days." 

DANGEROUS PASTURE 

"I will now go back to the childhood of my parents. I well remember my mother telling 
about a spitefull bull in Duke's pasture. She and Jennie Dunning were passing through 
the pasture one day when the bull chased them. They ran and climbed a mulberry tree 
and got out on a limb and there they were frightened almost to death while the bull was 
pawing, scraping, and bellowing under them. All at once the limb broke away and they 
fell on the bull's back! The bull stuck up his tail and ran for life and so they made their 
escape uninjured. 

"But a bigger thing than this happened in the same pasture. Tom Dunning had gone to 
borrow a hackle (an implement with sharp spikes for cleansing flax or hemp) with which 
to hackle some flax. There being an old butting ram in the pasture. Tom kept his eyes 
open, but before he got through he saw the old ram coming. Now, Tom thought he would 
fix him, so he bent forward and placed the hackle behind him with the teeth pointing 
outward as he thought. But when the ram bumped it, Tom found the teeth were pointing 
in his own direction as it required two men to pull the hackle away from him! 

THIEVES, OF A SORT 

"Well, in the childhood days of my parents, many funny things happened. There was 
an old darkey by the name of Arthur. He said to Duke one day he would bring him a 
cheap bushel of corn. Duke knew he would have to steal it but agreed to give him 25 cents 
for a bushel. Arthur was to bring it some night and throw it in at the door and Duke was 
to go down to a certain stump and lay the 25 cents on it for Arthur to get. Well, all was 
done completely and no evidence could be made, but oh, dear, the next morning when 
Duke got up he found that Arthur had shelled corn out of his own crib and that he had 
paid 25 cents for the shelling! 

"My grandfather Spencer owned a good many negroes and raised a quantity of 

81 



tobacco which he pressed into large hogsheads and equipped the hogshead with tongue 
or shafts. He then hitched a horse or horses to it and rolled it to Fayetteville to market. 

"Jolly, an old Guinea negro said while grandfather's hogsheads were rolling they 
would make a noise, 'boop-poop,-copety-boop.' (Today's Rock and Roll and 'jazz' are 
direct decendants of early negro beats and syncopation such as the improvisation of Jolly 
above.) 

"When they camped at night they would bell their horses and turn them out and after 
filling themselves, they would come to camp and lie down and rest. Jolly said after Jack 
and Hard one night had gone to sleep the horses came back around the camp and lay 
down. After awhile one horse thought he would roll over and wallow, so he rolled over on 
Jack's head and buried it in the sand! These are some of the ways people used to do to 
make a living. 

"Grandfather used to own a little tub mill two miles down Little River from where he 
lived. Hard was his miller and shoemaker. So they always fixed off Hard with better 
rations for two days at a time, pie, etc. His rations were always prepared so he could 
start in the morning before day. Well, Hard believed someone had been stealing his pie, 
so he made himself a snug basket with half the top to open by a lid he had nicely fixed and 
put a small steel trap in it and tied and fastened it so he could tell what was going with 
his pie. One night he heard Jack holler out: 'Come here,' he says, 'what fool has done 
this?' He was fast in the trap. Hard told him he thought the cats were taking his pie and 
he would catch them. 



FIRE DESTROYS HOMESTEAD 

"At this time I was about twelve years of age." (During the period previously related 
by young Alex, the combustion engine had just been patented, George Hoover was the 
sheriff of Randolph County, John Owen was Governor, the U. S. saw its first locomotive, 
friction matches had just been invented; but wouldn't be in general use in the south for 
another ten years or more. Steel pens for writing were being fabricated but they 
wouldn't be seen in Randolph for another 14 years.) 

"My brother Goodman and I went to school about three miles nearly all winter. The 
teacher's name was Randolph Brown. I had made good use of my time at school and had 
memorized a speech for a recitation at the last day of school. The subject of my recitation 
was "Thrifty and Unthrifty" found in the back part of a Webster spelling book. 

"The day before the exhibition my good old mother had washed all our best clothes, 
had dried them and brought them in the house, when the house caught fire. It was a large 
house with three fireplaces, one of which was in the second story. My father not being at 
home when the fire broke out, my poor mother told me to run for William Cox, a neighbor 
living half a mile away. Being active I did run and thought many times I should lose my 
breath before getting back. While returning I could see volumes of smoke rising in the air 
and break off in great rolling bodies. 

"On reaching the house I saw my father had returned and was leading my mother to a 
cool place. With the assistance of the children she had carried beds, bed clothing, 
wearing apparel and other household goods to the south yard. (A physically taxing and 
dangerous task considering the fact that Mrs. Spencer was seven months pregnant. Eight 
weeks later Alex's brother William was born.) A strong north wind was blowing and the 
flames leaped down and as they could not get to them to move them as was expected, the 
whole family was left with the clothes they were wearing. So I was disappointed in going 
to the exhibition and saying my speech. 

82 



TRYING PERIOD AS HOUSEKEEPER 

"I had a great trial to undergo now, I was a month or so over twelve years old and the 
nursing and cooking fell to my lot. The neighbors came in and helped father build a 
house. My mother went to bed and was an invalid for years. They took me in the house to 
do the cooking and milk the cows, there being four cows to milk that summer." 

"I did all the housework, knitting, sewing, and spinning, my mother lying on the bed 
was ready to instruct me when needed. 

"With all these losses and crosses, I was yet praying after my fashion. I watched for 
my opportunity to pray, when I would find a large old log or clay root, I was sure to resort 
there and get upon my knees. Such as this was the thoughts cherished in my day and 
generation. The great struggle of my mind was whether we should live or not, for we all 
knew that life was uncertain. I formed an idea that I might live a long time and I also felt 
all through the days of my childhood and youth that I was rather odd and different from 
others and there was something more than ordinary for me to do." 

"I believed I should be a preacher, suffer or do something more than common. I did not 
know or think what. 

HAULED TIMBER FOR MT. MORI AH 

"I was raised after the manner and style of all the children I knew in our vicinity. My 
father lived between two mountains, three or four miles from any church members or 
religious people; yet the neighbors were good moral citizens. 

"It was four or five miles to the nearest meeting houses of different denominations - 
Methodists, Friends, or Quakers and Christians. Later a Missionary Baptist church was 
built within three miles of us. My father sent me with a pair of wheels, and two horses 
and I hauled all the timber that made the house. The church was called Mount Moriah. 

FIRST SUNDAY HAT AND SHOES 
"Being about fourteen or fifteen years old, at times, as before I was still a praying boy, 
not letting many opportunities pass. From about this time up to the age of seventeen, I 
tried to be somebody like other boys who had better-to-do parents than I had, yet I never 
had a Sunday hat or pair of shoes, but at the age of sixteen I got both. You better believe I 
felt proud. 

ASHEBORO IN YEAR 1834 

"I remember very well how my hat was obtained. Brother and I had hunted at night 
with dogs and caught coons enough, together with our rabbits skins to get a $3.00 or $3.50 
hat. I well remember what took place. It was at Asheboro. A fine old man by the name of 
Lineberry had hats to sell. In purchasing the hat I had to give him 25 cents in money. I 
handed him a fifty cent piece and on receiving the change turned to leave." 

"Before going ten steps with the money in my hand, I stopped to put it in my pocket and 
noticed he had given me two quarters. Thinking this was as much as was given him, I 
stood a few minutes before making out that too much change had been given me. I faced 
about with the money in my hand and went back and asked him if he had not given me 25 
cents too much. He took it with a pleasant smile and turning to a gentleman remarked 
that he would venture that that boy would make an honest man. I believe that remark 
influenced me all through the days of my youth. 

"Subsequently I began to attend camp meetings and was a mourner at Mt. Olivet 
church. I was a mourner, also, at Eleazer church. My brother Goodman went down to 
Smyrnia camp meeting and professed religion, but I was not with him. 

(During the period mentioned above the "De Witt Clinton" train made its first trip. The 
first street railway in the U. S. was started. President Benjamin Harrison was born. 
Andrew Jackson was censured. Mark Twain was a babe in arms.) 

83 



EDUCATION AT SEVENTEEN 
"My mother's health had improved and I was mostly relieved from doing housework. 
At the age of seventeen I went to school to Thomas Macon, known as one of the best 
teachers in the country. I went four months and the distance was four miles. I went 
mostly on horseback and my studies were Pike's arthmetic and English grammar which I 
studied going to and from school and at night. I went through the arithmetic. Thirteen 
months was the time spent in school. When done with it, my first speller was in good 
condition and my first children used it in school and I have my first slate yet. 

BECAME TEACHER 
'I was now eighteen and our school had closed. The patrons wanted Macon to teach a 
summer school. He said he could not do so, stating that I was as competent to teach as he 
was and could teach the school. She he drew up articles of agreement and subscribed 
two scholars himself and made up the school. By consent of my father, I went to teaching. 
Being active and ambitious I tried to do my duty and through youn soon gained in the 
estimation of the people. I was called to teach on Little River, six or seven miles away. I 
drew articles and made up the school and taught till February. 

MARRIED ONE OF HIS STUDENTS 
"During that time I fell in love with a young lady student of mine. She was Polly 
Presnell the daughter of John Presnell, a well-to-do farmer and we were married 
February 26, 1837, she being seventeen while I was nineteen years of age." (Arkansas 
had just become a state. The first cotton mill in Randolph County was being completed at 
Cedar Falls, having been started in 1836. Michigan was entering the union, President 
Grover Cleveland was born.) 

"Her father settled us on a small tract of land on Little River. My wife's family were all 
Methodists. My wife was good and smart. Our parents set us up to housekeeping, by my 
father giving me a young mare." 

(The second part of Randolph County pioneer Alexander Spencer's career is told today 
in this fascinating discovery by Courier-Tribune columnist Henry King - detailing 
transactions with a later Tar Heel governor Jonathan Worth, then an Asheboro 
merchant.) 

"In 1837 a man came from Indiana and persuaded us to agree to go back with him 
where my wife's brother, Esau Presnell lived. He had become wealthy and we thought we 
could soon. So we sold our land my father-in-law managed to get the money and I praise 
and thank him yet for so doing, for we were so young and foolish. He was right, but I was 
too independent to have the land he had given and left it, losing confidence in him. (But as 
I said he was right.) 

"I bought one hundred acres with my young mare and $50 and moved to it in the year 

1839 or 1840. 1 think I had taught a three months school and made a crop also every year. 

"My first child was born in June 1839 and my second child was born December 25, 

1840, Christmas Day. I was doing well. Although my father-in-law and I were not on good 

terms he thought a good deal of me and gave my wife a fine young mare. 

NAMED DEPUTY SHERIFF 
"Through my father-in-law and Noah Smitherman's influence I was appointed deputy 
sheriff under Sheriff White of my county. I felt as much elated over this as when I got my 
first Sunday hat and shoes. I served in 1841 and 1842, doing a large business. My wife 
becoming dissatisfied for me to remain in office I resigned in 1842. 

"I had a hired hand to make a crop, but he did not make as much as he ate while about 
it. I traded, bought and sold and had four head of horses, two of which were mere colts. 
By being too indulgent while in office I was compelled to pay one hundred dollars which I 
had to borrow. The hard years of 1844 and 1845 came on and I had to sell a horse for 

84 



$15.00 and a mare for $20. for which I had been previously offered $55 and $50 
respectively. Being in debt $300, I was broke." 

(From Alex's marriage to this point in his life, we find that the second cotton mill to be 
built in Randolph County was erected at Franklinville. Trinity College was founded. 
Envelopes were just being "invented," matches were beginning to be used, John M. 
Morehead was Governor, President William McKinley was born, Florida and Texas 
became states, the Naval Academy was opened at Annapolis, and Island Ford Cotton Mill 
was established.] 

"I made a sale of such things as I could do without and executed a deed of trust to 
secure my sureties in the remainder of the debt. Now I was passing through the flint mill 
with my nose to the grinding stone. I taught school, made shingles and farmed some every 
year. 

GOOD FRIEND OF GOV. WORTH 

"It seemed I could not get along without getting credit and was ashamed to ask it. 
Going to Johnathan Worth, a merchant of Asheboro, he told me to come and trade all I 
w T anted to as he would risk me. I traded with him until the debt amounted to $80.00. I had 
500 acres of land which I entered in Montgomery County. Thinking I would secure Worth 
with it I made him a deed of trust on the land and he took me upstairs in the store and 
gave me a dram and we talked the matter over. He told me he thought there was no 
danger of me being pushed - to go home and rest easy and if they done thus and so, to 
come back and make him a deed of trust. I felt 'God bless this man.' 

Well I paid him up as he expected me to do. I had a good deal to do with Worth before 
he was Governor. He seemed like a father to me. 

REFUSES KICKBACK 

"J. M. Drake was another friend of mine in Asheboro. I run in debt with him $65. Noah 
Smitherman knew I intended to pay the debt with pork, so he went to Drake and offered 
to give him $50 for the debt, and Drake finally agreed to it. Smitherman put it off a day or 
two and came over to see whether I would agree to it and offered to give me half the 
profit. 

At first I agreed to do so, but after he left me I remembered what a friend Drake had 
been to me, so I went to Smitherman's only a mile away and told him not to buy the debt 
as I intended to pay Drake every dollar of it. Smitherman told the incident to several in 
the neighborhood. 

DID NOT BELIEVE IN SLAVERY 

"Well, the next occurrence of note was the negro girl. I sold my farm of 160 acres for 
$200 to a man by the name of Hudson. He offered me a negro girl 6 or 7 years old for the 
debt. I did not want to take her, but Noah Smitherman told me he would give $200 for her. 
I offered to take $180 for her rather than have my hands stained with a negro. Her name 
was Mary and she may be living yet for all I know. I went and got her and executed a 
deed for the land and received a bill of sale for the negro. 

"That night my wife cried nearly all night and I did not feel pleasant. The next morning 
I went over to see my father-in-law and he took the negro and paid $200 on my debts. I 
commenced to think I would get out of debt after awhile which was the greatest desire of 
my heart. 

"I was now living on a tract of land my father-in-law had promised to give us. There 
was plenty of shingle timber on it. Now it was make shingles, teach school and make a 
little crop. 

"Why I was always so sensitive about the negro was because I always thought it 
wrong to own and work them as slaves. My grandfather Spencer owned a good many 
slaves and I expected some of them would reach me sometime and I studied what I should 

85 



do with them. I thought it was wrong to sell them or keep them as slaves. I need not to 
have seen any trouble. They got to my father, but the civil war came on and freed them 
and I thought it was right. Now you see why I had rather have $180 in money than $200 in 
a negro. 



MADE SHINGLES FOR CEDAR FALLS BRIDGE 
"I was still in debt a hundred dollars or so, but now I began to think I should get out 
before a great while. All this happened I think about the year 1846. (The U. S. Declared 
war with Mexico this year, Buffalo Bill was born, Iowa became a state.) Every year I 
made shingles, taught school and made a little crop. I made sixteen thousand shingles for 
the Normal College, Guilford County, N. C. I made twenty-nine thousand that covered the 
Cedar Falls bridge which afterwards washed away. I made these shingles to pay a $50 
debt they had bought on me. 

"When I went to settle, James Marsh was their clerk and he charged me no interest 
and I got a few bunches of cotton yarn over and above what I owed. In his settlement, I 
saw him make a mistake of 28 cents in my favor. I did not correct him then, but before 
reaching home my conscience lashed me to think they had been good to me in giving the 
interest. Would I enjoy it? I did not enjoy the 28 cents and since that time I have never let 
a mistake pass in my favor without correction. 

"This took place in 46-7 or 48. I thank God I have a principle to not want anything only 
my own. 



FATHER-IN-LAW DIES 

"Well, what next? On the place my father-in-law was going to give us, I made 300 
panels offence, dug a well and cleared some land. He took sick and died in October 1847. 
I had no title to the land, but they allowed me $50 for improvements and I bought a 
plantation from the heirs on Little River in the year 1848 and on this plantation I mostly 
raised my family. 

"In '49 and '50 I operated two distilleries. Making whiskey was against my will and 
conscience and I could make no money retailing it at ten cents a quart. So I sold my farm 
to Joel Asheworth for $300 and bought a farm for $100. I was now in debt about $100. I 
cleared 26 acres of the land and made hundreds of panels of fence on it and in the year 
'53, I think I had the best prospect for corn I ever had. 

(From Alex's shingle making deals to this heavy corn 'prospect' we find great events 
transpiring elsewhere: California and Wisconsin entered the Union. Salt Lake City was 
founded, Randleman Cotton Mill (Union Factory) was established, President Polk died, 
Gold was discovered in California, Columbia Cotton Mill was established in Ramseur. The 
first U. S. postage stamp was used, N. Y. had a worlds fair, and America won its first 
yacht race. 

"It was thought by some that I would make 75 barrels of corn during this, the season of 
53 but oh, dear, a hail fell on the first Monday in August, destroying everything I had 
growing - only made three barrels. I had two cheap horses, thirteen head of cattle 
including a yoke of oxen and four milk cows and twenty-six hogs and was in debt about 
$100. In those days corn was worth about one dollar a bushel. As I was broke again the 
question was, what was I to do? I saw no other way except to sell my stock. So I decided 
to sell and go where corn was only 40 cents a bushel. 



86 



MOVED TO WILKES COUNTY 

"I sold out and moved to Wilkes County. N. C. My wife was not satisfied to go and I 
promised her if she could not be satisfied I would move back. I sold everything but what 
we carried in a wagon with the family. I sowed my land in wheat. We traveled by way of 
High Point, Winston-Salem and Pilot Mountain, crossing Mitchell and Fish Rivers. In 
about seven days we reached the vicinity of Wells Knob, Wilkes County. About seven 
miles before reaching our destination or the end of our journey, we saw a woman plowing 
with a small, long-horned ox, the woman wearing a man's long jacket. My wife asked: Ts 
this the country we are moving to'?" 

"I would not have had her to have seen that for a shilling or more. The next thing we 
saw was a dining table with only two legs. The legs being mortised and set in sills made a 
steady table. 

BURNING OF STATESVILLE 

"We had to camp out under our large tent cloth until we could get a house. While 
tenting, we saw the light of the burning of Statesville, Iredell County. At last we got into a 
house, as I remember the day before Christmas. I remember well my family were sitting 
in the house Christmas day with nine bushels of flax seed in the middle of the room, while 
hunting and shooting was going on all around us. But the day passed and soon the seed 
was moved and we began to put up what furniture we had. 

GETTING SETTLED 

"Now we commenced to buy buckwheat and rye flour as well as corn meal. All this we 
could procure from the little mills close by. It was ten miles to Elkin Factory mills. We 
could get good flour there then. I moved into the house with the understanding that I 
should move out on short notice. I tried to find a place to rent; could find land but no 
house. I had only ten dollars left after laying in provisions for two months. I bought a 
place, agreeing to pay $50 in two months and $100 in twelve months. 

HAULED CORN TO RANDOLPH 

"I arranged to leave my family for a month or two and taking my wagon and team and 
one of my youngest sons went back to old Randolph County where I knew how to make 
money. I decided to take a load of corn back with me and drove on about 30 miles and 
camped at a man's house. The next morning took in my load of corn as I thought, I paid 
my ten dollars and started on my journey. Of course I was in more or less trouble." 

"While we were measuring the corn three or four persons were present helping and 
much foolishness was carried on. Finally they said I had my measure and I drove until 
some time in the afternnon, when all at once I realized I had only half my corn. I will not 
try to describe my feelings. The corn was in the ear and measured in one-half bushel. 
What should I do? 

TOUGH TRAVELLING IN MUD 

"While studying the matter I heard someone making shingles a hundred yards away. 
Going to him, I told my condition. I did not know the man I got the corn from but he did 
and advised me to turn around and go back at once if ever I expected to get the corn. 
Taking him at his word, I went back and reached there in the night and got the remainder 
of my corn. The next morning I started on again somewhat relieved but with a sad heart. I 
soon found it was all my team could pull up the hills and a few miles from Winston, 
stalled." 

"A man came along with a two horse team and pulled me up the hill. I stalled two or 
three times and he helped me up every time. I fed his team all the corn they could eat and 
felt glad we could go through the mud and bad roads. 

87 



TRAVELED PLANK ROAD 
"Later in the evening this man wanted my little son to ride with him in his wagon. I did 
not like the idea but had to yield owing to his neighborly kindness. Soon after I found the 
man was drinking and was nearly drunk. More trouble again. Well, we soon reached the 
plank road west of Winston and it was nearly dark, the road wet and slippery, and a long 
hill to pull up before we could reach camping ground. 

ALMOST SLEEPLESS NIGHT 

"I was much afraid my son would let his wagon run off the lower side of the road. It 
was not dark and while keeping my eyes on him, mine run off. I left mine and drove his up 
the hill to camp and found him asleep. I roused him up and took his team down to my 
wagon but could not move it. But six or eight of Mr. Fries negroes coming along, took hold 
of it and set it back on the plank and I was glad one more time, but this did not last long. I 
fed the team willingly of my corn for his kindly favors but by bedtime he was beastly 
drunk. Lying around the fire he would throw his feet in the fire and someone would have 
to pull them out." 

"There were three or four wagons in camp and I had to sit up at night to watch my 
man. But morning came at last, and he got up and we all ate breakfast, fed our teams and 
left camp. I was glad to be separated from him. 

BUSINESS IN RANDOLPH 
"I was now in good spirits as we had the plank road all the way. When I got within one 
mile of my old place I sold my wagon and corn and in a day or two sold a blind horse for 
$20 and got $40 for my wife's interest in the dower lands of my father-in-law's estate. In a 
few days I started back to the mountains, 110 miles, with $132. I took my mare back with 
me and was four days making the trip, finding all well on reaching home. 

COST OF LAND AND ANIMALS 

"Now the next thing was to pay for my land. I held a bond for the title when paid for in 
twelve months. I told the man I would pay him $100 if he would make me a title to the land 
and would give him a deed of trust to secure payment of the $50 remaining due. He 
refused to do so, but two of my friends volunteered to go on my $50 note and I paid $108 
and got a deed. I had bought his growing rye and wheat. It was now go to work and I did 
so in earnest. Plowing up the rye of three bushels sowing and wheat field together with 
what I had cleaned up, I raised 100 bushels of corn." 

"I sowed in wheat and made 80 bushels; cleaned up and opened land so the next year 
made 100 bushels, the next 101, the next and last year 126 bushels. I must now go back to 
making my first corn crop. 

"I bought an ox, giving 15 dollars, five down and note for ten. Now we were running 
two places and had my ground about broke. So I offered to sell my mare for $60. Levi 
York wanted her on short time. I told him if he would bring my land note of $46 and ox 
note for $10 he could have the mare. Now my land was paid for and I was out of debt and 
ready to root pi or die. 

FINANCING CORN IN OLD DAYS 
"I bought a young unbroken steer for eight dollars and made my crop. Sometime in the 
spring, corn being scarce raised in price from 40 to 60 cents a bushel, and as my money 
was out I hardly knew what to do. My nearest neighbor, Marion McCain, had a 
mill-house raising on Friday and I was talking with him about it. In a day or so an old 
class leader, James Smith, came to see me and said that James McCain wanted to see me. 
Upon seeing James McCain he said he would sign a note for as much as I'd like. I made a 
note payable to Jack Banges for twelve dollars, and McCain countersigned it. 

88 



CHANGED CHURCH MEMBERSHIP 
"Time passed and another year rolled around. There was a Methodist Episcopal 
church called Grassy Fork in one mile of me, and we placed our membership there. We 
brought our letters from Flag Springs, our mother church. I was Sabbath School teacher 
and superintendent at the church until we moved back to Randolph. We stood fair in 
church and society generally. All the preachers came to see us — Parker Moore and 
others. Rev. Needham who lived nearly a hundred years was to see us. 

PREACHER ATE ANTS 
"One incident I well remember and shall never forget concerning Rev. Moore. We 
intended to bring him home with us from meeting. We did not have much tableware but 
had a nice honey flask full of honey sitting on the table. The preacher pulled out the 
stopper and poured honey on his plate and was sopping away, and I poured on my plate, 
when behold the honey was full of little red ants. 




Alexander Spencer 



89 



The Story of Esau L. Spencer and Family 

(As told by his eldest daughter, Mrs. Minnie S. Stuart, to her youngest sister, Mrs. Conie 
S. Lowdermilk). 



"I REMEMBER" 

Alexander Spencer, my grandfather, married Polly Presnell. They were parents of the 
following children: Corinda, Lousada, Esau, Jordan, Addison, Louzina, Delania and 
Amanda. 

My father was Esau, and I will tell of things I remember about our family life: 

My father and mother (Susie Ann Trogdon) were married in December 1869. She was 
the daughter of William Casson and Barbara Auman Trogdon. They settled on the Burna 
Road, about four miles West of the old plank road. While living there my father taught a 
school at the Cox School House. My aunt Susannah (who married my mother's brother J. 
W., whom we called "Uncle Bud") told me that she went to school to him and that he 
always took her in his lap when she recited her lessons. 

I was born June 25, 1872. 1 do not remember very much about the first few years of my 
childhood, but I must have been a "cry baby" until I was a big girl. The boys at school 
would crook their fingers at me and I would cry like a baby. The teacher would tell the 
boys not to do that. (The teacher was tired of hearing me cry]. 

GRANDFATHER TROGDON'S HOUSE 
I remember visiting my grandfather Trogdon's home. There were two log 
houses-one a kitchen and the other was used to sleep in. They were connected by two or 
three logs which were level on top. We grandchildren were happy when we could walk 
the logs; then we would learn to run on them. We had many falls. On our visits there we 
would have to first pass the barn, then the cane mill, and then on to the kitchen. The well 
was near the kitchen, and, believe it or not, we could dip water from it with a long 
handled gourd. 

Grandma Trogdon most always saw us coming to visit them and would meet us. The 
first thing we would do was to measure how much we had grown in height. We always 
remembered just how high we reached the time before. "Granny" was a wonderful 
person. She was not tall, and her grandchildren all wanted to grow as tall as she. I guess 
that made us feel "grown." If it was summer time we generally stood over a smoke of 
tobacco to kill the "seed" ticks. (I wonder where they are now--in this year of 1959). 

My grandpap and the boys had fly traps which they made by splitting a stick and 
inserting a piece of leather into the slot. Woe be it to the fly that lighted in reach of these! 

In the main house there were three beds and a trundle bed. (That is a bed which was 
slipped under a big one during day and pulled out for use at night). There was a front and 
back porch, each of which had a bedroom on the end. The fireplace was very wide, 
which was the style in those days. 

Grandpap Trogdon and the boys made syrup, from cane, and I remember how good the 
candy was that they made from the syrup. Grandpap was also a great fox hunter. 

I remember when my mother and father were both sick (Brother Bertie, who was born 
November 28, 1874, was a baby) my father and I went to Grandfather Trogdon's and my 
mother and baby went to Grandfather Spencer's to stay until they were better. (No 
in-law trouble there, I presume). My Grandfather Spencer was a neighborhood doctor 
and a great believer in herbs. I remember "Granny" Trogdon cooking a plate of fried pies 
for the people who were sitting up with my father one night, and she would not give me 

90 



any to eat. She perhaps knew they were too rich for my digestion. I recall my mother 
coming to see my sick father, riding behind my grandfather on a horse, holding baby 
Bertie on her lap as she occupied the side saddle. She cried when she left. It was a sad 
time in their lives, I know, but they were soon back at home again. I remember going back 
home-it was so cold! 

GRANDFATHER SPENCER'S HOUSE 

Grandpa Spencer's house was a long one, with a long porch planked up part of the 
way. There were large willow trees, and several cedars in a row in the yard. (I often 
wonder if that is why I have planted cedars in my yard). My cousins, Nettie, Lula, 
Cora-Uncle Addison's daughters-and I, almost missed seeing Aunt Louzena and Frank 
Lewallen married, as we were so busy playing under the cedars. 

Grandma and Aunt "Mandy" were both very sick at the same time. I remember 
Grandpa asking Grandmother if she knew where Aunt "Mandy" was. That was after she 
had died, and it was not many days before Grandmother Spencer passed away. 

Grandpa Spencer was a great gold miner. He would visit us and brother Bertie and I 
delighted in going with him to hunt gold. As stated before, he was a sort of a doctor, using 
native herbs, sassafras, and other things for medicine. In the history of his life he told of 
many of the neighbors he administered to. He also taught school and made shoes. He was 
deeply religious, and I firmly believe he loved others-one of our Great Commandments. 
He did not leave much in wealth, but I feel sure he gained a home in Heaven. He, Uncle 
Addison. Uncle Jordan, and my father, were charter members of New Hope M. P. church, 
which has become one of the leading rural churches of this time. They first belonged to 
Flag Springs M. P. church, also ranking among the best, but decided to build an edifice 
nearer their home. 

EARLY SCHOOL DAYS 

My memory about my early school days was my going to Mountain School House, not 
far from New Hope church. My mother's youngest sister, Hulda, and one of her brother's 
also went. My uncle would carry me on his back, as I could not walk fast enough. My 
father's sister, Amanda, taught the school. I soon learned to spell by heart, and one of my 
greatest thrills was "turning down" a Lowdermilk girl on spelling the word CAT. 
Another thing I remember is that this same girl could outrun me in a race to the spring. 
My aunt held her one time, so I could get a start on her. I fell down just before I reached 
the spring, and I carried the scar on my knee many years. I wonder if a Higher Power 
was watching over me-for had I reached the spring I might have been killed, as it was 
built of rocks. That was really the beginning of my school days. My Aunt Hulda (whom we 
called "Aunt Sis") married Zebedee Hare. (She passed away in 1958, at the age of 96. I 
was privileged to spend a few weeks with her prior to her death, and we talked over 
many of these things which "I Remember.") 

I remember going to school to Mrs. Jennie Hancock, mother of Randolph's well-known 
and beloved person, Mrs. Minnie Hancock Hammer (Mrs. W. C). Mrs. Hammer and I are 
the only living persons who went to school that session to her. 

My next schooling was at the Cox school house. My first teacher there was from Holly 
Springs, and it was customery for the teachers to "treat" the children to candy at the 
close of school. My father had no candy in his store, so the teacher treated us to brown 
sugar. Other teachers were G. E. and W. R. Lowdermilk, brothers, who had attended 
Yadkin College. Nixon Lucas (now residing in Alabama) also taught there. Frank K. Yow 
(who practiced optometry in Mineral Wells, Texas until his retirement a few years ago, 
and who visited Why Not while in this State in October, 1,949), and the writer, are the 
only ones now living who attended Cox school. Unfortunately that school house was 

91 



destroyed by fire during the school year and the last session was finished in a house 
belonging to my "Uncle Bud" Trogdon. 

BARREL MANUFACTURING AND MOVING TO WHY NOT 
My father learned there was a demand for barrels in the sand hills where turpentine 
was being manufactured from pine rosin, so he began to make them. He also began 
buying sacks of coffee, sugar, etc., and re-selling it. There was not much work women 
could do to make money in those days, but news got around that dried blackberries, 
peaches, and apples would sell at Greensboro, N. C., so my father began hauling these 
dried fruits there and returning with groceries. He soon was doing a good business. 
Berries sold at 5 cents per pound, and many were hauled. A. L. Yow had a grocery store 
nearby, so my father, and mother's brother, J. W. Trogdon ("Bud"), bought the store. 

BUYING SHINGLES WAS ADDITIONAL BUSINESS 
The two store owners then began buying shingles which were being made in Moore 
County. By this time we had moved from the Burna Road to Why Not, (my present home). 
Father and another brother-in-law, Edmund Tucker, exchanged farms. The shingle 
business increased rapidly and soon required more help. Incidentally, I made my first 
money counting shingles. I could count to 10, and was permitted to help count a load. A 
two-horse load of shingles numbered 2,000. 

My father traded at Odell's Store, in Greensboro, and I Well remember the pair of boots 
they gave my brother Bertie. Once we were returning from school when he was wearng 
the boots. He ventured too far into a muddy place, got mired up, and when I tried to 
rescue him I got stuck in the mud also. We were almost home, but had to stay there until a 
man came along in a wagon and helped us out. I do not remember his name, but his good 
deed was never forgotten, as we were so glad to get out. 

One of the most memorable purchases, to my mind, which father made on his trips, 
was a 3-piece set of white glass-sugar bowl, cream pitcher and spoon holder. I have the 
spoon holder yet, but regret the other pieces were broken. 

BUILDINGS CONSTRUCTED 
It was in the year 1877 that we moved to Why Not. We lived in the "store house" until 
our home could be built. The barrell business was kept up, and a shop was built on the 
hill near the church spring (Fair Grove church). It was said that Alfred Richardson could 
beat a tune while he was hammering on hoops. The staves for barrels were made from 
oak trees, dressed by hand with a drawing knife, and four tin hoops were fastened 
around each barrel. There were 6 or 8 people making barrels. About 1878 a store house 
was also built at this location-near the church spring-and merchandise was moved into 
it. Brother Clayton was born at the Burna Road home in 1877, and sister Hattie was born 
in 1879, after our home at Why Not was built. I remember my mother planting walnut 
trees in the fence corners, and I always look at those trees when I pass the old Burna 
Road home place, and think of her. The house was a nice one for those days. I do not 
remember who it was bought from, or whether my father built it. He had a store house 
built, and I think this was about the year 1875. 

TAN YARD STARTED 
About 1878 the Smithermen, of Troy, built Columbia Factory, at Ramseur. On their 
trips from Troy to their factory they would stop at father's store to rest their horses. In 
talking with them my father got interested in putting up a cotton factory, and making 
"factory checks." He planned to use steam to run the factory, and employed John Hall, 
from near Star, to build it. The result was it was found to cost too much to run it by steam, 
so he put in a tan yard. I well remember the water was carried from the church spring by 

92 



pine poles. A man was hired, who had an auger 10 feet long, to bore holes through the 
pines. There were two large pools of clear water-I remember these so well as I fell into 
one. There were also two lime vats where hides of cattle were soaked in lime. These vats 
were approximately 5 feet long, 3 feet wide, and built up on sides and ends by planks so 
as to hold water. After a certain period of time the hides were scraped of the hair and 
lime and this was hauled out and spread upon land. (I believe this was the first lime to be 
spread upon fields around here). The next step was to soak the hides in bark vats. Oak 
bark was used in them. It was first ground in a large iron vessel-first by horses, then by 
steam. In the spring farmers would skin the bark from oak trees which they planned to 
cut down for "new ground", and haul the bark to my father's tan yard. I do not remember 
the price he paid for it. Later a boiler and engine was purchased. The boiler was heated 
by wood, and the remainder of the lumber was used to build a two-story building for a 
wheat and corn mill, and a cotton gin. 

"SIFTED" FLOUR MANUFACTURED 
I think the first sifted flour manufactured was from this mill. I remember the strainer 
was covered with silk. The wheat was ground downstairs and carried by belts upstairs 
where it was removed to a large bowl and then sifted through silk. Before this time the 
bran was left in the flour. 

SHOES MADE FROM TANNED LEATHER 
Wool was carded, cotton was ginned and shoes were made from the hides after they 
were tanned. Wagons hauled some to Greensboro. Here I am reminded to make the 
following statement: A few years ago the Courier-Tribune, a newspaper published in 
Asheboro, N. C, carried an article which stated that Walker Shoe Company (a new 
industry in that town), was "the first to make shoes in Randolph County." My memory is 
that sometime in 1880 Wiley Vaughn came to Why Not and made shoes from the leather 
tanned at my father's tan yard. The thing I remember so well about this was that a pair of 
boots, made of calfskin, was for one of the young men around here, and likewise a nice 
pair of shoes were made for a young lady. 

STORE AND TURPENTINE STILL IN MOORE COUNTY 
In 1885 my father put up a store and turpentine still in Moore County. A brother-in-law, 
Henry Yow, who married mother's sister, Francena, was his partner in this. A post office 
was established called "Spencer", which was later changed to "Spencerville, N. C," but 
has long since been out of existence. 

During these years brother Clayton was born February 13, 1877; sister Hattie May 2, 
1879, and sister Conie August 13, 1887. (All members of our family have passed to the 
Great Beyond at this writing, except my youngest sister, Conie, whom God helped me take 
care of when she was left motherless at the age of 9 months, and myself-the "oldest and 
youngest.") Father now owned the Edmund Tucker place, and the Cole place which 
joined it. The Hundsucker land also joined the Cole land. Some of the families that lived in 
these places were: Frank Lewallen and wife, who lived on the hill surrounding the 
church spring, (which is a part of my present home farm); Wiley Vaughn, who lived near 
the store-the basement of which can still be seen; and Buck Garner lived in the log house 
which was built years before; while Mr. and Mrs. Joel Cagle lived in the Cole house. Mr. 
and Mrs. George Yow lived on the Hunsucker place, which was a part of the land father 
later sold to his brother, Jordan. 

SADNESS COMES TO OUR HOME 
Our mother passed away May 19, 1888, and was buried in the Why Not cemetery. She 
left a nine month old daughter, Coney (or "Conie"). She was named after a "drummer", 
as we called traveling salesmen in those days, who called at my father's store to sell 

93 



merchandise. His name was Sol N. Cone, whose family was founder of the Cone Cotton 
Mills, of Greensboro. He gave the baby what we termed lavish gifts-among which was a 
baby carriage with a parasol attached to it. The carriage was of wicker material. He also 
gave her other presents and paid her tuition to Elon College after she finished the 
requirements at Why Not Academy. 

In 1889 our father married a widow, Mrs. Rosanna Cagle Cox. To this union a 
daughter, Annie, was born February 25, 1890. After her graduation from Elon College, 
she was married to Walter A. Bunch, of Asheboro. She passed away in August, 1916, and 
rests beside her mother in Why Not cemetery. 

LAND OWNERS IN THE IMMEDIATE AREA 

My memory is that the following were land owners: Dennis Cox's brother lived, and 
perhaps owned, where Elbert Sykes now lives. Smithermen owned the Hancock land, 
now in possession of Lonnie Cole and wife. Noah Hancock owned the tract sold to 
Harbard Hancock, (and this was between the Cox and Tucker lands-just a little way 
from the Tucker land). Another Hancock lived somehwere in the area, as also did Vance 
Spinks. Father's land extended to the woods. 

THE CASSADY FARM PURCHASED 
Prior to 1889 father bought several acres of land, on Fork Creek, from Rufus and Alice 
Allred. I believe he bought the entire tract joining George Spencer's and the Macon 
lands, not far from Sarah Ann Spencer's. The Cassady farm was included in this. My 
father had to borrow money to pay for the farm. I remember his coming home with a sack 
from which he emptied the contents on the floor. There were the most silver dollars I ever 
seen. We children helped him stack the money in piles of $100 (I believe he borrowed the 
money from cousin Houston Trogdon, as Houston told me several times that father had a 
lot to do with his saving money). 

LATER SCHOOL DAYS 

After attending Cox school I entered Shiloh Academy, about the year 1888, at the age 
of 16. 1 do not recall my first teacher's name, but Miss Myrice Herndon was the assistant. 
Mr. John R. Miller was principal. I went there two or three years. My father and family 
had, by this time, moved to the "Cassady Place," (now owned by my sister, Mrs. A. C. 
Lowdermilk) where we lived two years. While living there Brothers Bertie, Clayton, and 
sister Hattie, attended school at nearby New Center. I remember one teacher there was 
Dennis J. Johnson. He later became a doctor and married my cousin, Cora Spencer. 

POOR HEALTH CHANGES PLANS 

(Father built a small house on the Cassady farm for "Shug" Davis and his bride, Emma 
Spencer Davis, to live in. He had found "Shug" a hard worker and faithful in dealing with 
his fellow man). 

Father's health would not permit him to keep on with his business, but he was too 
ambitious to stop work altogether. While I was teaching at Suggs Creek he had a heart 
attack, and later, while working in the field during the summer he had a more serious 
one. He made 1000 bushels of corn that summer, which gave the farm the name of being 
one of the richest in that area. Brothers Bertie, Clayton and "Shug" Davis were his 
helpers that summer. Finally, he decided to give up farming and move to Star (10 miles 
away) and start in the store business again. That, too, was more than his strength would 
allow, and he died before he could finish our home there. We lived in the house a few 
months, but he passed away December 19, 1891, at the early age of 46 years, and his 
body was returned to Why Not for burial. I have often wondered if an accident which 
happened to my father caused his early death. When I was in school at Shiloh, and he 
was on the way to get me, he drove into Richland Creek, which was passed fording. The 

94 



buggy and horse were washed down the stream. He managed to cut the horse loose from 
the buggy, and was then able to go down the stream with the horse until he came to a 
place he could get out. He was under this terrible strain for several hours. 

GRANTS OF LAND TO HIS CHILDREN 
Available records show that father paid as high as $50 in taxes one year-more than 
anyone else in Richland Township. His brother Jordan was Administrator of his Estate. 
He left each child a nice farm and some money. Brother Bertie went to Nashville, Tenn. 
and took a business course. He never came back here to live, so he sold his place. Brother 
Clayton, a mechanic, went to Alabama and sold his place also, as did Annie (half-sister); 
but sisters Hattie, Conie and I retained our real estate and homes, to which additions 
were built as our families grew. 




W?£ 







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Tanning Hides for Leather 



95 



Early Development 



According to old records, two hundred years ago Deep River in Eastern Randolph 
County was a large, forceful body of water. Today, evidence of this can be found in many 
places along the bank. It flows southeastward into the Cape Fear River, and finally into 
the Atlantic Ocean at Wilmington. 

As settlers took up the rich, fertile lands of the valley, many came inland in canoes and 
flat bottomed boats, following the tributaries of the river. A canoe landing which was 
probably first established by the Indians, had become by 1780, the base station of a ferry 
operated by William Searcy and Company. This was operated by the John Waddle family 
until 1880. 

Deep River was also important in providing a means of getting the "cash crops" of tar, 
turpentine, furs, lumber, and swine to market as fast as possible. The goods were floated 
down the river on barges to Cross Creek (Fayetteville) to be stored there in warehouses 
for distribution and sale. 

The Uwharrie River on the western perimeter of this area empties into the Pee Dee 
River, and although it was not as large as Deep River, it was sufficient for some travel. 
The strong waters of this river supplied the power for many mills and saws which was 
important to the growth of this area. In fact, one court entry in 1796 complained "the 
dams on Urie were preventing the fish from traveling upwards". 

The first roads were Indian Trails that were widened due to constant usage. The 
Bobbie Grigg Historical Map shows four major roads in our area before 1800. One 
entered the area at Searcy's ferry following Deep River northward and was called the 
Salem Road. A second road which had branched off this road, entered the county 
nearby, and ran up the middle of the county to fork near Ulah. The north fork went into 
Guilford County and the Western fork which was called the Salisbury-Cross Creek Road, 
lead into Rowan County. Another road, called the Moore Road, was situated on the West 
side of the county and ran from Guilford to Anson Counties. The Burney Road was well 
established by 1795; and the present road by this name uses the old road bed in some 
places. 

There were small roads and "cross paths" linking most areas to the larger and more 
traveled roads. Many of these later became our county roads. A law of 1764, summoned 
all taxable males, ages sixteen to sixty, to work the roads a certain number of days each 
year. One man was appointed "overseer" with neighbors working with him as hands. 
New roads were laid out by county juries who expected them to be cleared of trees to a 
width of twenty feet by these men. 



Road Dockets 
1779 

William Farlow appointed Overseer of the old Moravian road from his home to the Flat 
rock below Back Creek Mountain and all hands convient to work thereon agreeable to 
law 

John Presnell appointed a overseer of the old Moravian road from the Flat rock to 
Salisbury road and all the hands agreeable to law 

William Lewallen appointed overseer of the road from Hewerry (Uwharrie) to Little 
River and all hands convient to work thereon according to law 

Francis Dollarshide appointed overseer of the road from Little River to Southerlands 
road and all hand convenient to work, etc. 

96 



William Wright appointed overseer of the road from Southerlands road down the 
Cherraw road to Amon (Auman) on Montgomery County Line and all hands convenient to 
work thereon 

John Needham appointed overseer of Southerlands road from the fork at the old 
Moravian Road down to Cumberland (later this was Moore) County line and all the hands 
convenient to work thereon 

1780 

John Johnson appointed overseer of the road from Searsey's Ferry to Chatham County 
line and all the hands etc. 

Adam Anders (Andrews) appointed overseer of the road from Searsey's Ferry to 
Cumberlain (later was Moore) County line and all hands.... 

Moore's road menteioned Jacob Lowthermilk appointed constable in Esq district - 
Jeffre Beck lived in Erect area 

Sept. 12, 1782: Ordered that the following persons lay off a road from the end of a new 
road at Montgomery County line the nearest and best way into the Quaker road directing 
to the old Trading road. Nathaniel Steed, Elisha Bowdrey, Joseph Moore, Samuel Lewis, 
John Knight, James Cook, Edward Williams, David Lewis, William Cook, William Arnold, 
Joseph Wade, Thomas Williams, William Lax 

1833 - 1848 

1 . Isaiah Hancock is appointed oversear of the road from the cross roads between Coles 
and Williams to the usual place near Lowdermilk's old field. It is ordered that William 
Cole, Spencer Reader, William Gallihorn, Anderson Needham, William Cox, Michael 
Cole, Edward Williams, William Spencer, George Spencer, Fallon Craven, work on said 
road as hands. 

2. John Luck is appointed overseer of road from the creek at Joshua Cox to the cross 
path between Cole's and William's. It is ordered that William Luck, Edmund Luck's hand, 
Bartlet, Raford Cole, John Sprawls, Migah Cox, William Morris, Hansom Cox work on 
said road as hands. 

3. Martin Luther is appointed overseer of the road from Lassiter's Store to the county 
line. It is ordered that George Luther, Abraham Luther, Richard Cranford, Elijah 
Hardister, Gardner Shaw's hand, William Burney, Alfred Cranford, William Luther, 
Nathan Overton, George Bryant work on said road as hands. 

4. Marhn Hopkins is appointed overseer of the road from New Hope Meeting house to 
the Montgomery County line. It is ordered that George Hewlin, Samuel Cranford, Wesley 
Stafford, William Tottral, Allen Rogers, Merel Hall, John Hardister, John Hopkins, John 
Millsap, Daniel Hill, Jesse Fry, Joseph Hopkins, Wesley Russell, Eli Davis, Davis Hicks, 
Meajah Hill, Emerly Stafford, Leonard Tottral, Wesley Hardister, Elijah Russell, Wiley 
Mason, Elisha Tottral, Thomas Griffin, Zebedee Russell, Richard Bell hand, and James 
Hopkins work on said road as hands. 

6. Eli Branson is appointed overseer of the road from the flat rock to the fork at Thomas 
Hancock's. It is ordered that William Branson, Moses Hammond, Ezra Hammond, Jacob 
Hancock, Shadrick Vuncanon, Jacob Vuncanon, John Williams, Jacob Cox, John Luther, 
Myah O'Bryin work on said road as hands. 

7. Robert L. Purvis is appointed overseer of the road from Wadell's Ferry to the 
Chatham County line. It is ordered that Eli Lambert, James M. Purvis, Anderson Waldon, 
William Carr, Thomas Thos Goletston 3 hand, John Waddle 1 hand, John A. Craven, Elijah 
Wilson, Alson Wilson and Jerry Craven work on said road as hands. 

97 



8. William Macon is appointed overseer of the road from the bridge to Macon's old 
place. It is ordered that Simon Cox, John Clark, Samuel Cox, Henry Jenkins hands, 
Stephen Hinshaw, Thomas Macon, Riley Garner, John Holder, John Chandler, Naney 
Whitts hands, Danel Forrison, Daniel Davis, Zimu Cox and Jeremiah Cox work on said 
road as hands. 

9. Michael Ashworth is appointed overseer of the road from Page's old place to the 
county line. It is ordered that Peter King, Michael Smith, Johnson King, William Lucas, 
Jack Lucas, Johnson Spencer hand, Herlly Dun, William Tucker, Nathan Spencer Willoby 
Lucas, John King, John Cagle work on said road as hands. 

10. Riley Garner is appointed overseer of the road from the sign post at Piarce's fence up 
to the Fay. cross road at Macon"s old place. It is ordered that John Armsbach (?] hands, 
Russell Suggs, Merrit Suggs, Reubin Pearce, Enoch Johnson, Charles Johnson work on 
said road as hands. 

11. James Brady is appointed overseer of the road from the Moffitt Mills on Brush Creek 
to the Chatham County line. It is ordered that William Brown, George Yow, William 
Brady, Aaron Raynes, James Neeham, Louis Brady, William S. Ward, Nilson Brady, John 
Yow, Isaac Welch, William Walden, John Walden, William Brady, James Brady, Jr., 
Elizjah Needham and Andrew Yow work on said road as hands. 

12. Joseph Vuncanon is appointed overseer of road from the cross way branch up to the 
Fanny Dollarhide old place. It is ordered that Samuel Smitherman hands, Jesse King, 
Randolf Presnell, James Latham, Fredrick King, George Auman, Solomon Latham Jr., 
Francis King, Joseph Vunccanon work on road as hands. 

13. 1843 - Andreson Craven is appointed overseer of the road from Lowdermilk's old 
place to the fork of the road. It is ordered that Stephen Richardson, William Spinks, 
William Luck, Iassac Larrence, James Bird, John Richardson, Enoch Spinks, John Gatlin, 
Jr., John Upton, Henry Gatlin, Nash Richardson, Pinkny Tucker, Alfred Larrence, Garrot 
Spinks work on said road as hands. 

14. Jesse Tucker is appointed overseer of the road from James Polk to the county line. It is 
ordered that Michael Ashworth, William Lucas, Cummings King, Johnson Spencer's 
hand, John Lucas of Ben, Leonard King, Christopher Bates, Francis King, William Wright, 
John Lucas, Hervert Lucas, Robert Deen work on said road as hands. 

15. John Right is appointed overseer of road from Temple Cranford's to Burney's Bridge 
and it is ordered that Henry Cranford, Clavy Cranford, son, Thomas Crnaford, Seth 
Cranford, Mahew Davis, Asbury Flordister, Henry Hill, Whitson Hill, Marston Hopkins, 
Joseph Hopkins, John Riley, Silor Keerns of John, Abram Luther, Isa Laughtin, Cornelius 
Laughten, Martin Luther, Warren Lewis, John Russell, Wiley Russell, Clark Russell, John 
& Ira Sanders, Willie Hardister, Thomas Ledville, John Lassoter, Farley Lewis, Harmon 
Andrews, Clayton Steed's hands, Ealvin Shaw, Elijah Hardistor, George Cooper, Stephen 
Meed, Ehesley Cranford, Micajah Hill, Perdin Cranford and Jesse Hill work on said road 
as hands. 

16. Harvey Presnell is appointed overseer of the road from Lassitor's Ford on the 
Uharrie to the foot of the mountain east of Hammonds. It is ordered that Bener Lewis, 
Ragsdale Bingham, Lewis Bingham, Isreal Luther, Sidney Luther ser., Hearris Johnson, 
Richard Johnson, Pinkny Luther, Sidney C. Luther, Jr., Helra Luther, Charles Luther, 
Jacob Luther, Edward Hill's negro, Caleor Lassiter, Wiley Lassiter's negros work on said 
road as hands. 

17. Edward Caviness is appointed overseer of the road from Caviness's barn to Reed 
creek and it is ordered that John Green, Lewis Harlin, John Lewing, Alleggod Pope, 
Nathan Cox, Tobias Hendricks, Emsley Craven, John W. Craven work on said as hands. 

98 



18. William Cassidy is appointed overseer of the road from the forks below Page's old 
place to the county line and it is ordered that John Leach, Yewen Cole, Sidney Cole, 
Hogan Hancock, Harbert Hancock, Aaron Freeman, Benjamin Cagle work on said road 
as hands. 

19. Ira Sanders is appointed overseer of the road from Lassiter's store to the 
Montgomery County line. It is ordered that Elijah Hardister, William Luther, Ezekiel 
Overton, Leonard Cranford, Lindsay Burney, Thomas Bingham, Elijah Bingham, Willis 
Luther, Greenberry Saunders, Orange Cranford, Jacob Luther, Jr., Jacob Luther, Sr., 
Martain Overton, John Geaslen, Gardner Shaw's hands, Clayton Steeds' hands Harmon 
Andrew's hands work on said road as hands. 

20. William Jones is appointed overseer of the road from Reed Creek to Whit's old place. 
It is ordered that Isiah Lane, Zeno Curtiss, John Lane, John UYmble, Pleasant Frazier, D. 
W. Frazier, Martain Turner, Cornelias McDaniel, Parson Alridge, Samuel Alridge, 
Alexander Underwood, Zale McDaniel - 1 hand, William McCain hand, John Frazier, 
Davis Hum, work on said road as hands. Also William Vestal. 

21. Asbury Hardister is appointed overseer of the road from the branch near New Hope 
Meeting House south direction to the Montgomery County line. It is ordered that Wiley 
Hardister, Thomas Byms, Wiley Russell, John W. Stafford, Mathew Davis, Harris 
Cranford, Whitson Hill, Richard Bell - 3 hands, Mathew - 1 hand, Mastin Hopkins, Sandy 
Hopkins, Watson Davis, Calvin Stafford, Isham Hill, John Hill, Burtona Parnell, Abraham 
Luther, Luther William Harris work on said road as hands. 

22. Alfred Brower is appointed overseer of the road from Macon's old place to the 
county line near Browers. It is ordered that Edmund Phillips, M. A. Suggs & hands, John 
Maness, William Crisco, William Bray, Mason T. Brower, John Crisco, Sr., Christoper 
Asbill's hands, Jackson Garner, Abner Griffin, Adam Garner, Noah Crisco, Barney 
Crisco, William T. Brower, James J. Tomlinson's hands, Albert Phillips work on said road 
as hands. 

23. John Lassitor is appointed overseer to cut out and open a new road as said by the 
jurry to wit leaving the old road near the corner of Thomas Crowell's field thence onto 
the ridge near the mouth of a hollow making in Hannaher's Creek in Jacob Lassitor's field 
thence a little to the north unto a ford used on said creek along the road by straightening 
it used to Jacob Lassiter's Sawmill unto near the corner of a field of Hiba Phelp's thence 
along the said line to the old road. It is ordered that William Lassiter, Elisha Hancock, 
Warren Lewis, Jesse Lewis, Samuel Lewis, Calvin Lassitor, Wiley Lassiter, John Newsom, 
Lloyd Newsom, Winslow Thornbough, Lewis Bingham, Sa, Lassiter, Thomas Bingham, 
Greenberry Bingham, Gardner Shaw hands work on said road as hands. 

In 1879, the old colonial labor system was revived under which every able-bodied man 
between the ages of 18 and 45 was required to put in one day of work each year in 
maintaining public roads. Added to this was a taxation of public roads which provided 
funds for the county to help maintain the roads, and especially to build bridges. It was 
because of this levy that many of our covered bridges were built around 1890. 

Covered Bridges 

It was due to this available revenue that many of our covered bridges could be built. 
These replaced fords and temporary structures which decayed and needed repairs 
within a few years. The life span of a covered bridge was often 100 years or more. 
Occasionally one was burned but the greater danger of these was the turbulence of high 
water. 

One of the bridges near Erect, resting on 36" piers was washed a mile and a half down 

99 













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100 



Deep River lodging on some partially submerged trees. It remained there after the water 
subsided and the county commissioners asked bridge builders T. A. and J. C. Cox if they 
could put it back. "We went down there and took it apart numbering each piece" said 
Cox. "Some of the wooden pegs had swelled and we had to prize the timbers apart". The 
bridge was replaced and remained until 1942. Other bridge builders of this area were 
Will Dorsett and Hezial Andrews. J. J. Welch built the Pisgah bridge in 1911 for $40. This 
was one of the last ones to be erected in the county. It is still standing as a reminder of 
by-gone days but is not in use. 

An average rate for building a covered bridge was $10 to $12 per running foot when 
the builder furnished the timbers. Moffitt's was 120 feet long and cost 1,350. If the county 
or the community contributed the materials the going rate was $2.50 per foot. Sometimes 
volunteer labor cut this cost even lower as in the case at Pisgah. Since these bridges 
were single lane passageways, they were removed when the county roads were being 
improved during the forties. 

Pisgah - fork of Little River, built in 1911 for $40 by J. J. Welch, still standing. 

Seagrove - Little River, 2 miles southwest of Seagrove on Troy road, 105 feet long, 
removed in 1948. 

Burney - Uhwarrie, near Montgomery County line, 100 feet long, removed in 1945. 

Lassiter - Uhwarrie, near Montgomery County line, 100 feet long, removed in 1945. 

Brower - Fork Creek. 

Bridge #192 - north of Cheeks, 209 feet long, built in 1904, removed in 1948 

Moffitts - Richland Creek, 120 feet long, built in 1908 by T. A. and J. C. Cox, removed 
1947, cost $1,350. 

Bridge #214 - Batchelors Creek, 48 feet long, removed 1949. 

Pickets - Richland Creek near Moffitts, 50 feet long, removed 1954. 




Moffitts Mill Bridge - Near Erect 

101 






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Pisgah Covered Bridge 

102 



The Plank Road 

Even though its life span was only 15 years, the Plank Road, which passed through our 
area, became the most noted of any. There were 84 plank roads chartered in North 
Carolina during this time, but none were as long as the Fayetteville-Western which 
extended 129 miles from Fayetteville to Salem, making it the longest in the world. 

The Plank Road was built through this area in the fall of 1851 . Many local men worked, 
grading and ditching, using their horses, wagons and slaves as helpers. The men 
received 60 cents per day and those with a wagon and two horses received $2 a 
day in wages. Some times they worked twelve hours a day. A crew of 15 men could lay 
1000 feet a day at a cost of $2,000 per mile. 

The foremen of the construction boarded with the local families for the convenience of 
proximity to the project. Some of the families who boarded these men were Raford Cole, 
the Hancocks, and the Presnells. 

The road bed was prepared by clearing all trees and stumps for a width of 34 feet. 
Next the earth was graded in a crowning shape to a width of 22 feet, and the center, 
when completed, was raised at least 8" from the sides. Drainage ditches were then cut 
on either side. The planks were laid upon four equally spaced stringer pieces, making the 
road about ten feet wide. These stringers, 6" x 8" were hewn by hand at the rate of $3 
per 1000 feet. There were no nails in the planks. River sand was spread over them 
making a solid road with sure footing for the horses. The planks were about four inches 
thick, of random widths, and made of heart pine. Saw mills, like the one run by the 
Lassiters, were situated nearby to furnish lumber for the road. 

After the road was completed in 1853, a wagon could travel from Salem to Fayetteville 
in two weeks. Fair consisted of Vi cent for a man on horseback, 1 cent for a one-horse 
wagon, and an additional cent for each extra horse to a team. In 1854, it was reported 
that 20,000 wagons traveled this plank road with an income to the company of $27,000. 

Toll houses, which cost a total of $375 to build, were situated near the Plank Road at 
twelve mile intervals. The Toll House in the Seagrove area was located just east of the 
present Highway 220 on the School House Road. It was operated by James Page and his 
family: Martha Shamburger Page of Star, N. C, Titia, the eldest, who later married J. W. 
Steed, Jane, who taught locally and who later married J. M. Hancock, Billy, Frank, 
Judson, John W., who became a doctor, and Peter, who was later a manufacturer in 
Asheboro. Mr. Page received a collectors salary of $8 per month. 

The House was a two story structure with a sheltered port on the front of the house 
that extended out to the Plank Road. Here the drivers would stop and ring a bell located 
on a post, and one of the Page children would collect their money in exchange for a ticket 
to the next toll house. If any of the travelers wished to stay the night, there were rooms on 
the second floor of the house available for lodging. 

The Plank Road was free from mud and considered to be an all weather road. It not 
only helped the farmers and manufacturers get their products out to market, but it also 
brought new people with different manners and customs through the area which allowed 
the local people a tie to the rest of the world. At nightfall four or five wagoners would 
often camp together, sharing news of their adventures along with music and corn likker. 
One favorite stopover place in this area was at the intersection of the Fayetteville-Salem 
and the Salisbury roads near the present community of Ulah. 

Alexander Spencer, born 1818, at Fork Creek mentioned the plank road several times 
in his biography. In one instance Spencer was returning home from Wilks County and 
reported: "We soon reached the Plank Road near Winston and it was nearly dark; the 
road was wet and slippery and there was a long hill to pull before we could reach a 

103 



camping ground. I was afraid my son would let his wagon run off the road. It was not 
quite dark and while keeping my eyes on him, mine ran off. I left mine and drove his up 
the hill to camp and found a man asleep. I roused him up and took his team down to my 
wagon, but could not move it. A Mr. Fries came along with six or eight of his Negroes and 
took hold of it and set it back on the plank road and I was glad one more time, but this did 
not last long. I fed the team willingly of my load of corn for the kindly favor but by bed 
time the man was beastly drunk, lying around the fire he would throw his feet in the fire 
and someone would have to pull them out. There were four or five wagons in camp and I 
had to sit up all night to watch the man. But morning came at last and he got up and we 
all ate breakfast, fed our teams and left camp. I was glad to be separated from him. I was 
now in good spirits as we had the Plank Road all the way home." 

There was one hill in this area, just north of the present location of Pinewood Country 
Club, which had no plank on it for it was very rocky and there was no way to imbed the 
stringers. The hill was much steeper in those days than it is now. Long after the Plank 
Road had been removed, this hill was a dread for wagoners and later for the motor cars 
for it juggled and bumped everything out of the wagon. Potters, hauling their wares 
across this would often lose several pieces in breakage. It is still referred to as "Jiggle 
Hill" today even though ribbons of concrete have made it as smooth as the rest of the 
road. 

The Civil War came and then the railroads were built offering cheaper rates, the Plank 
Road began to lose money and was soon discarded. After the Plank Road died out in 
popularity in 1865, the general conditions of all roads deteriorated. Perhaps the only 
good point concerning roads during this time was that there were more people to help 
work on them. 

Road management was improved, but the mud was still there. Products, such as 
lumber, pottery, barrels, and navel supplies, from this area were being hauled to Biscoe 
or Asheboro to be shipped out on the train, and the loaded wagons kept the roads cut into 
mire. Many times there were wagons pulling loads of lumber with the wheels hub deep in 
mud. To move out of these ruts and give passage for another team was every drivers 
nightmare. 

It is told that Little John Chrisco would meet another team head-on, and being a burly 
sort of fellow, would yell out quite loudly "if you don't move your wagon I'll do you like I 
did the last one I met". At such vigorous threats as this the other wagoners reluctantly 
moved over and John proceeded on his way. After moving out of the mud grooves with 
much effort, one man cautiously asked "And what did you do to the other fellow?" John 
was far down the road when he answered "Well, I just moved over and let him pass." It 
became a common courteousy that if the wagon got stuck moving over, the other driver 
would stop and help him get going again. 





John Chrisco - Wagoneer 




Astor King and William Buroughs - 1913 



105 



Richland Township Tax List 1902 



Auman, J. J. 


9.05 


Casaday, Sarah C. 


2.73 


Macon, Hanah 


3.21 


Tucker, W. H. 


5.90 


Ashworth, M. C.1.40 


Davis, M. M. 


2.88 


Monroe, J. A. 


8.61 


Tucker, Dorcas 


.47 


Albright, I. N. 


2.88 


Davis, John 


2.38 


Miller. E. J. 


3.72 


Underwood, S. B. 


2.09 


Albright, R. L. 


6.88 


Davis, Wright 


4.23 


McNeil, E. E. 


3.30 


Upton, Alvis 


1.68 


Asbill. J. M. 


2.54 


Davis, Duncan 


.52 


McNeil, Coy 


2.63 


Voncannon, J. M. 


5.82 


Allred, S. R. 


2.32 


Deaton, J. C. 


2.50 


McCain, D. W. 


3.39 


Voncannon, M. C. 


2.37 


Boroughs, A. 


3.71 


Dalkins, A. W. 


8.07 


McPherson, W. D. 


1.08 


Way, O.M. 


4.43 


Boon, J. W. 


2.45 


Fox, W. D. 


2.39 


Marley, Jane 


1.17 


Way, S.H. 


2.63 


Boon, W. G. 


2.82 


Futral, M. E. 


1.86 


North Cot, Wm. 


5.25 


Wallis, Tabittra 


.09 


Boon, W. W. 


3.25 


Farlow, M 


8.25 


Owen, Lockey 


2.13 


Wright, R. A. 


3.51 


Boling, R. B. 


2.25 


Garner, Eli 


3.00 


Owen, J. M. 


4.35 


Chavis, Menerva U 


. .83 


Boling, Albe 


1.98 


Garner, A. F. 


3.06 


Owen, J. C. 


3.16 


Cheek, J. H. 


1.35 


Bean, E. H. 


5.72 


Garner, Vance 


2.60 


Owen, Henry 


2.36 


Cheeck, Geo. 


.56 


Bean, Thomas 


2.36 


Garner, William 


1.56 


Owen, C. U. 


2.66 


Foust.G.H. 


3.16 


Bean, Madison 


2.67 


Garner, Elizabeth 


4.25 


Parks. G. W. 


2.37 


Foust.H.H. 


2.25 


Bean. E. H. 


8.04 


Garner, W. E. 


2.50 


Presnell, E. L 


2.63 


Garner. W. H. 


2.25 


Bean, A. L. 


2.48 


Graves, E. 


4.05 


Presnell, C. C. 


2.42 


Hampton 


2.54 


Bean, Henry Jr 


4.55 


Graves, Adeline 


1.86 


Presnell, Tilwan 


7.46 


Mcleoy, Wm. 


2.70 


Bean, Isham 


1.81 


Garrett, }. R. 


2.75 


Presnell, W. A. 


2.92 


Moffit, E. D. 


.66 


Bean, Calvin 


2.13 


Harper, J. M. 


2.25 


Presnell, S. W. 


2.54 


Luck, John 


.60 


Bean, Peter 


.20 


Harper, J. J. 


2.25 


Presnell, M. J. 


13.56 


Luck, Sylva 


.74 


Bean, Allen 


2.30 


Hammond, K. D. 


.26 


Presnell, J. B. 


3.10 


Ledwell. M. F. 


2.34 


Bean, Mary 


8.37 


Hayes, James 


4.00 


Presnell, Stauton 


3.70 


Patterson, Clark 


2.63 


Bean, P. S. 


12.80 


Hancock, H. M. 


2.34 


Richardson, S. R. 


9.63 


Spencer, Eli 


2.71 


Beck, B. T. 


2.45 


Hancock, J. 0. 


2.28 


Richardson, J. W. 


2.96 


Spencer, Elijah 


4.24 


Beck, E. R. 


2.72 


Hancock, Eli 


2.25 


Smith. W. R. 


.66 


Siler. William 


.23 


Brown, R. H. 


3.03 


Hancock, I. F. 


3.24 


Smith, Adison 


2.32 


Simmons. J. T. 


2.25 


Brown, M. C. 


2.95 


Hancock, R 


6.08 


Smith, J. M. 


4.65 


Trodgon, J. E. 


2.25 


Brower, J. M. 


4.65 


Hancock, Caswell 


1.71 


Smith, Elizabeth 


2.31 


Trodgon, A. L. 


2.37 


Cole, J. M. 


2.70 


Hammond, Joel 


8.86 


Smith, William 


.93 


Williams, W. L. 


2.42 


Cole, U. G. 


2.25 


Jordon, Elis 


5.38 


Spencer, F. R. 


2.42 


Williams, Reubin 


1.41 


Cole, Sarah J. 


.93 


King, W. E. 


2.79 


Spencer, Lydia 


2.12 


Williams, J. M 


.63 


Cole, R. R. 


5.27 


King, Noah 


5.89 


Spencer, Rosanah 


7.44 


Williams, Julia 


1.28 


Crisco, J. R. 


8.52 


King, Robt 


6.21 


Spencer, Henry 


2.25 


Williams. W. F. 


4.19 


Crisco, D. D. 


3.38 


King, Cummins 


5.21 


Spencer, Clark 


2.25 


Williams, Kendricr 


is2.52 


Crisco, J. C. 


3.66 


King, A. L. 


5.69 


Spencer, C. H. 


1.12 


Woodell, J. M. 


1.86 


Crisco, Lucretie 


[ .50 


King, Mahala 


2.06 


Scott, W.N. 


1.40 


Yow, A.J. 


5.09 


Crisco, John 


2.43 


Kenedy, W. M. 


2.48 


Staley, Wm. 


5.55 


Yow.O.M. 


10.75 


Crisco, Daniel 


2.08 


Kearns.B.F. & Yov> 


' .22 


Staley.T. C. 


2.25 


Yow.N. W. 


2.32 


Crisco, Wm. 


1.62 


Lawrence, 0. D. 


7.45 


Spinks, L. B. 


5.26 


Yow. Jas M. 


8.17 


Cox, Molsie 


.45 


Lowdermilk, M. C. 


8.25 


Sheffield, W. R. 


2.58 


Yow, Jno M. 


4.67 


Cox, F. T. 


4.20 


Leach, W. M. 


3.00 


Stutts, Wm. 


4.50 


Yow, George 


.38 


Cagle, J. N. 


8.63 


Latham. J. C. 


3.15 


Trodgon, Huston 


6.63 


Yow, R.C. 


10.95 


Cagle, E. F. 


8.79 


Kennon, J. A. 


3.21 


Trodgon, Annand; 


3 2.30 


Brown, E. B. agt 


.36 


Craven, W. A. 


4.44 


Moore, Vestor 


3.70 


Trodgon, Dettas 


2.28 


Stutts, H.S. 


2.28 


Clark, William 


.93 


Murray, J. H. 


2.25 











106 



The Railroad 



There had been talk of building a railroad connecting Asheboro with Troy since 1889, 
but it was not until the Page Family of Moore County looked things over in 1895, that it 
became a reality. The Pages had been building railroads for several years. One of their 
lines came from Aberdeen into Biscoe which had proven to be profitable. A line into 
Asheboro would link them with High Point giving them a large boost in freight hauling. 

Various people were contacted to raise the needed funds. When this was done, the 
following charter was obtained in 1896 from the State of North Carolina; 

ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION 

FOR 

THE INCORPORATION 

OF 

THE ASHEBORO AND MONTGOMERY RAILROAD COMPANY. 

ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, Made and entered into, this the 17th day of April, in the 

year one thousand eight hundred and ninety six, under and by virtue of Chapter 49 of the 

Code of North Carolina, by the following persons, to-wit: 



Name 

R.N.Page, 
Henry R. Clark, 
Charles C. Page, 
T. M. Benoy, 

E. R. Burt, 

B. D. Wilson, 
H.A.Page, 

C. E. Pleasants, 
Jas. A. McKeithen, 
J. W. Adams, 

J. F. Allred, 
Frank Page, Jr., 
Jas. A. Randall, 
W. H. Thompson, 
N. A. Pleasants, 
N. S. Hunter, 
J. R. Page, 
Charles Crocker, 

F. A. Ordway, 

D. J. McKeithen, 
A. W. Burt, 

N. A. McKeithen, 
D. A. McDonald, 
A. F. Page, 



Residence 

Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Keyser, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Aberdeen, N. C. 
Carthage, N. C. 



Shares 



195 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
195 
1 

1 
1 
1 
5 
1 
1 
1 
1 

195 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
390 



Aberdeen, N. C. 

Article 1. The persons named above, in consideration of the privileges to be conferred 
upon them by virtue of Chapter 49 of the Code of North Carolina, here-by mutually 
contract and agree to form a company for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and 
operating a railroad for public use, in the conveyance of persons and property. 
Article 2. The name of said company shall be The Asheboro and Montgomery Railroad 
Company, and under that name and style, the said company and its successors and 
assigns shall continue and have succession for ninety-nine years. 



107 



Article 3. The said company shall lay out, construct and equip, maintain and operate a 
railroad for public use, in the conveyance of persons and property from the town of 
Asheboro, in the County of Randolph, State of North Carolina, to the town of Troy, in the 
adjoining County of Mongomery, State of North Carolina. The length of said road along 
the proposed route as near as may be approximated, is Twenty-four (24) miles. 
Article 4. The captical stock of said company shall be One Hundred and Twenty Five 
Thousand Dollars, divided into shares of One Hundred Dollars each. The capital stock 
shall be raised by donation or subscription, and it may be paid in money, labor, land 
materials, bonds or other security, or in any other way that may be agreed upon by the 
Company, and its subscribers. 

Article 5. The affairs of the Company shall be managed by a board of six Directors, 
whose term of office shall continue one year from and after their election, and until 
others are chosen in their places. 

Article 6. The names of said directors and their places of residence are as follows: 
Name Place of residence 

A. F. Pugh Aberdeen, N. C. 

W. A. McKeithen Aberdeen, N. C. 

Robt N.Page Aberdeen, N. C. 

Henry A. Page Aberdeen, N. C. 

Junnis R. Page Aberdeen, N. C. 

Frank Page Aberdeen, N. C. 




First Engineer on A & A 
Railway [between Ashe- 
boro and Aberdeen], 
Tweet Hunter [seated] 
and Line Foreman, Dave 
Guest. 



108 



When the route was surveyed, it was found that the terrain between Troy and 
Asheboro was hilly and unsuitable for laying tracts. It was then decided to follow the 
crest of the ridges between Why Not and Asheboro. So skillfully did the engineer, Mr. 
Edwin G. Seagroves, conform to this terrain that grading only cost $500 a mile. The 
charter was amended and now read "That the Aberdeen and West End Railroad 
Company and the Asheboro and Montgomery Railroad Company when controlled, 
operated and maintained under one and the same management shall be known by the 
name and style of the Aberdeen and Asheboro Railway Company." 

Land for the right-of-way was purchased in 1896 from the persons who lived between 
Asheboro and the County Line. The following is the list of grantors to the Asheboro and 
Montgomery R. R. Co. in 1896; all concern right-of-way, except the last one which 
concerns easement: 



A. S. & Mary J. Williams 
Lucy Haddock 
C. S. & Mary L. Saunders 
M. R. & Anna Moffitt 
W. R. & Nancy Cox 
M. J. & P. A. Williams 
Uriah & Mary E. Presnell 
Calvin & Huldah Staley 
J. H. & M. E. Redding 
John W. Vuncannon 
Elkanah & Wincey A. Graves 
Lewis B. & Flora E. Parks 
Henry & Francena Yow 
Kelly & Elizabeth Lathram 
W. C. & Elizabeth Hooker 



John T. & V. E. Brittain 

Silas & Dicy Presnell 

J. M. Worth 

William & Rebecca Asheworth 

W. H. Jr. & Mary Moring 

G. A. & Sophie E. Treherne (by atty) 

Levi & Julia A. Tucker 

William M. & Mary V. Coble 

Alvins S. Hill 

R. R. & Ellen R. Ross 

C. J. & J. M. Clark 

R. R. Ross et al 

W. H. Jr. & Mary Moring 

W. H. Jr. & Mary Moring 

S. H. McAdden (1899) Easement. 



Prison labor was used to build the tracks. It was said that at times there were as many 

as 200 local people out to watch the work progress. Herb Steed told of coming from 

Steeds Community with a wagon load of apples for the workers to share. Others carried 

baskets of food. The prisoners had billfolds and other things they had made which they 

sold to the people. 

The supervisors boarded with various 

families near the proposed route of the train. 

When they arrived in this section, Mrs. Bertha 

Richardson recalled that two brothers, Dave 

and Alex Guess, boarded with her parents 

Henry and Francena Yow. These two were 

supervisors of laying the tracks. "Tweet" 

Hunter, the engineer also boarded with the 

Yows as did Edwin G. Seagroves, the civil 

engineer. Others boarded with several families 

including the Lewis Parks. Folks remember 

Seagroves as a quiet, mannerly young man. He 

sported frequently at Roella Park's house. 

When work was completed in this area, he 

moved into a community further down. 



Edwin G. Seagroves 





109 



Work was begun in Asheboro moving south. As one section was completed, the train 
was put on the track to haul equipment and materials. It was fall of 1896 when it arrived 
near Yow's General Store among the throngs of well-wishers; "Tweet" Hunter was the 
first engineer to escort the wood burning engine up the new tracks. This engine was 
named "June" after Mr. Page's son, and it was number six. Although originally built for 
burning wood, coal was used later on as fuel. 

Depots were built at intervals along the line. The first depot was at Ulah, which was 
built by Dennis Cox. A water tank was also built. Ulah Station took its name from the Post 
Office which had been established in 1889, and which was named for M. R. Moffitt's 
daughter "Ula". 

Why Not Community and Post Office were already established, but they were located 
about one mile east of the second depot, so a new name had to be chosen for the depot 
that was located near Henry Yow's residence and store. The Page family esteemed the 
work of the civil engineer, Edwin Seagroves, so highly that they honored him by making 
this depot his namesake. However, when the painter came to put the sign on the ends of 
the building, he ran out of space on the board so he simply left the last "s" itom the 
spelling of the name. The depot has been known as "Seagrove" since then. 

The first depot, which was used only 9 years before burning, was said to have been 
larger and somewhat nicer in construction than the new one. No one knew the cause of 
the fire, but Will Yow recalls thinking it was started by the heater. A new building was 
erected in 1905 down the road from the first one by Jefferson Auman who furnished the 
lumber from his sawmill and built the station for $35. Later a waiting room and an office 
were added onto the building and then it was painted the old red that has become a 
symbol of all train stations. 

The first station master was Thomas J. Ellis who also operated the first post office 
located in the depot. Herb Garner and A. B. Lowdermilk served next, then Bill Bost was 
there a short time. Ollie Parks served from 1918 to 1934. Next were R. R. Auman and F. C. 
Richardson: Mrs. F. C. Richardson was the last person to serve as station master. 

The appearance of the train every day was an exciting event. Community folks, 
hearing the train coming, would drop their work and gather around the depot. For one 
thing, the mail arrived with the train; and then, there were passengers to come in. New 
faces always created a sensation, but the local residents who were returning brought 
news of other areas. Most of the time they would also bring in newspapers from the 
towns they had visited and read them out loud right in the station to everyones delight. 

The train was a community project. The Pages made their money carrying freight, so 
the people rode for free or for a token charge. Any place along the tracks that was 
convenient for the passenger to wave a white handkerchief, was the place where the 
train would stop, and the conductor would set down the little wooden step for the 
passenger to board. People out picking berries often "caught" a ride to a place on down 
the line where the picking was better; then later they would hop aboard again for the 
return trip home. 

Children living near the tracks would run out and wave to Mr. Hunter and Mr. Guess 
who would usually throw out a sucker or a stick of gum for each of them. Gertie Lucas 
Hancock was an invalid who lived close to the tracks, and the men would always give a 
toot or a wave and sometimes they would stop and treat her to fresh fruit brought from 
the Sandhills. 

Sometimes groups would go to Asheboro to see the visiting circus, or to enjoy a day at 
the health springs resort. Many folks from the Pinehurst area came up by train to visit 
the pottery shops. All the local people loved the train and "we looked on it as ours" as 
was expressed by Mrs. Bertha Richardson. Even today the mention of its sparks a vibrant 
conversation. 

110 



Engineer - Jack Williams [left] 
and Conductor - E. H. Lewis 
[center] receive last orders 
from A^aeboro Agent Woodroe 
Holt [right] Dec. 31, 1951. 





Mayor Bobby Voncannon and 
wife, Maxine, and Lions Club 
President Beauford Greene 
watch Bill Bell and Darrell 
Voncannon place plaque in 
Depot Site Marker - Oct. 5, 
1969. 



Ill 




There was a bad curve just below Seagrove and the train would often jump the track, 
sometimes turning over on the embankment. Everyone in the area would rush down, 
taking their horses to pull it upright and set it going again. A bridge was built over the 
low area where Dave Cornelison's pond is now located called Trussel Hill. There was not 
a boy in the area who did not play on the bridge. It was later filled in and the tracks were 
laid on the ground- much to the disappointment of the younger generation. 

In 1912, the railroad was sold to the Norfolk and Southern, but in the minds and hearts 
of the Seagrove people, the Page family were still honorary head of the company. Later 
the Page boys went on to make history, each in his own way. W. H. Page became editor of 
the New York Times, Ambassador to England and later wrote several books, Frank 
became North Carolina's first State Highway Commissioner in the '20's. Robert N. Page 
became affectionally known as Congressman "Bob". J. R. Page continued with the family 
business, giving leadership to local peach growers, farmers and struggling businesses. 
To all Seagrove friendships they still remained "homefolks". 

The train served Seagrove until December 31, 1951 and the tracks removed in 1952. 
The land reverted back to the original owners leaving the depot to Hubert and A. R. 
Auman. For several years it was used as a storage building for the hardware. In 1968 
when the First National Bank established an office here, it was decided to tear the depot 
down. However, seniment was still strong with those who recalled "the good old days" so 
it was moved one mile north of town beside Seagrove Pottery. Here it was restored 
including the first Post Office boxes and the old pot-belly stove which had been saved by 
0. W. Parks, depot agent. The old depot was opened again in 1969 housing the Potters 
Museum. 



112 



Henry Yow's Store 

Henry Yow's store was already in operation when the depot was built becoming the 
first merchant in Seagrove. This store was established about 1878 and remained until his 
death in 1918. An old ledger indicates many activities which was typical of the general 
stores at this date. Not only did he stock general shelf items and dry goods but he 
purchased local goods such as shingles from Fletcher Auman and other local mills in 
wagon load lots of 3000 to be hauled to distant points such as Mendenhall, furs from local 
trappers were wagoned to Fayetteville, Leather from the tan yards were distributed 
throughout the area. Staves were taken in on accounts at the rate of 80 cents per 
hundred and passed on to local copper shops. Often an account was used to pay someone 
for work or materials. Henrywould give the receiver money or trade merchandise and 
put it on the "employers" account thus a double entry checking account was set up 
similar to our own banks today. 

Most of the buying in the store was done by barter. Ladies shopped for calico, sugar 
and other essentials "by barter per wife" in exchange for eggs and other farm products. 
Chickens equaled 10 cents each on trade, eggs - 9 cents per dozen, butter - 3 cents per 
pound. Fruits in season brought 5 cents a pound and peas shelled $1.65 per bushel. A boy 
whose heart's desire was a twenty cents knife caught 4 rabbits to trade on. Men carried 
corn or wheat at the rate of $1.00 per bushel. Often he would "straighten up" his account 
by hauling or working for Yow. A days work was valued at 35 cents so they were careful 
to keep it in balance. 





Henry Yow 



Henry Yow's Home - 1913 



113 



Mr. Yow employed a clerk, often one of the children, in the store who also did his 
bookkeeping. He never had the opportunity for a formal' education and could not write, 
but could figure in his head. Occasionally the clerk would be out and Henry would have 
to enter a purchase on the books. He would draw a picture of the article sold then the 
clerk could enter it later. Sometimes the picture was not erased. 

It was told that one day Peter Bean came in to pay up. Henry had the clerk to total 
what he owed and included a hoop of cheese. "Henry, I never got no hoop of cheese" 
Peter explained. Mr. Yow assured him he had because there the picture was. Peter again 
objected to the hoop of cheese but mentioned he had purchased a grinding stone. "Oh 
yes" Henry recalled looking closer at the picture, "I forgot to put the hole in it." 

Stocked items were bought carefully too. Seldom were there more than two items 
purchased on any given day by the same customer. A trip to the store was a treasured 
occasion. 



Prices ran as follows: 




tea tin 


72 cents 


coffee 1 lb. 


20 cents 


sugar 1 lb. 


10 cents 


soda 1 lb. 


10 cents 


sulphur 


5 cents 


castor oil 


10 cents 


salts 


5 cents 


pills 


20 cents 


kerosene 1 gal. 


6 cents 


shot 1 lb. 


12 cents 


powder 1 lb. 


40 cents 


tea kettle 


55 cents 


Basket 


20 cents 


Plates set 


20 cents 


teaspoon set 


27 cents 


iron 


20 cents 


stone jug 5 gal. 


75 cents 


dirt dish 


10 cents 


Bible 


35 cents 



Holm's Reader 


1.00 


paper 1 quire 


20 cents 


ink 


5 cents 


calico worsted yd. 


12 cents 


calico plain yd. 


9 cents 


Bleaching yd. 


8 cents 


plow traces pr. 


55 cents 


sheep bell 


12 cents 


nail rod, lb. 


10 cents 


tire iron, lb. 


5 cents 


nails per bale 


60 cents 


tin bucket 


25 cents 


scissors 


40 cents 


Madder 


7 cents 


Indiago 


10 cents 


tobacco plug 


10 cents 


snuff, bale 


5 cents 


shrouding 


1.87 


coffins 


2.00 



Other stores located in this area at the time the train came were William Harper, 
established by 1877 at what became Quinine, J. W. Spencer and Andrew M. Yow at Fork 
Creek. Yow also ran the mill there. Thomas B. Tysor and J. M. Yow at Erect. A sash & 
Blind factory was operated by Nathaniel Cox here. E. C. Allred and son, Dempsey Auman 
and W. H. Yow were listed in Branson's report being in the Why Not Area. At Ulah, M. R. 
Moffitt and Uriah Presnell each had a grocery line. Turner Voncannon ran a shuttle 
block plant at White House. At Pisgah, A. J. Cagle, J. C. Cornelison & Sons, J. W. Parks 
and J. J. Lucas all were merchants, Lucas was also involved with a flour mill and a saw 
mill. 

Barrel and Wagon Shop 

Henry built a barrel shop in 1883. It was located on the grounds where the hardware 
store was later erected. Staves were reaved out at the shop by Greenberry Freeman, 
George Parks, Tyson Boling, Robert King, and John Ashworth. These were built into 
various sizes of barrels. Wes Richardson and Johnny Boone tightened the hoops around 
the barrels. Wooden tubs and vats were also popular items made along with wooden 
measures. A fifty gallon barrel sold for 50 cents in 1885 but by 1895 they were worth 90 



114 



cents. Many of these, according to Mrs. Laura Pegram, daughter of Greenberry Freeman 
had fitted bottoms and tops with a bung in which could be added a spigot. Staves were 
also made by local people at their homes and, as the ledger shows, were traded to Henry 
for store items. He paid 80 cents per hundred. 

A wagon and coach factory was installed connecting to the barrel shop. Most of the 
wagons here were made for hauling logs and lumber, but also made were the homestead 
wagons with beds which sold for $8. Family coaches with fringe dressing the tops were 
made occasionally when there was an order for one. Dr. F. E. Asbury, the local physician 
at Auman Hill had purchased one and also a buggy in 1894. Later Dr. D. J. Johnson had 
his buggy repaired in this shop. Spokes for these wagon and buggy wheels were also 
aquired by trade with local craftsmen as were the special hard wood blocks needed to 
make the stout log wagons. This was later bought out by Wes Richardson and Johnny 
Boone and moved to the present Post Office site. They continued to make and repair 
wagons until about 1918. 

Lumber Plant 

Lumbering was the largest activity in these parts. Saw mills and planers had sufficient 
timber and labor to supply the growing demands. Along w)fh the Lucas' at Pisgah were 
Millis & Company, Harris Johnson at White House and Dennis Cox at Aconite. Allison 
Bean and brother were at Erect along with Amos Hinshaw. Thomas Marley near his flour 
mill. T. J. Allen at Kemps Mill along with his flour mill. Some of these saw mills were run 
by water power along with the flour and corn mills. The saw would operate at night 
since the same gears and water wheel were used for both. However, most saw mills at 
this time had steam engines which were more convenient. 

A Dresser plant had been established near the present Auman Street by J. M. Worth, 
Essu Spencer and Jack Trodgon sometime before 1890. Spencer was well known for his 
tannery and store just before this period. Trodgon was a house builder and Worth's 
interests were in lumber. This was sold in 1901. 

Not long after this Homer Cox and Will Robbins established a planner on the hill where 
the post office is now located. Lumber was hauled away as fast as it could be cut. The 
plant was sold to Arthur Ross who moved it across the road. Frank Auman, another giant 
in the lumber industry, bought it in 1926 and updated the equipment at the present site. 
Auman had several sawmills located throughout the area. The operation was continued 
under his name until 1941 when he died. His son Howard ran the plant under Auman 
Lumber Company for four years. In 1944 the business was sold. South Atlantic Lumber 
Company bought one half interest. The other half was purchased by A. L. Ashburn Jr., S. 
L. Neal, Tom Preston and Bill Blackwell. At this time the name was changed back to 
Seagrove Lumber Company. A. L. Ashburn, Jr. was named President. Fire destroyed the 
plant on November 22, 1949 but was completely rebuilt and in operation by February 1, 
1950. Ashburn managed the plant until his death in 1967. Grady Scott who had joined the 
office in 1935 under Frank Auman retired in 1975. Vernon King has served as President 
since 1967. 

Highway 70 

In these modern days and times, the public usually has to wait for the state to 
appropriate funds before a road can be built, but once upon a time that wasn't 
necessarily true. 

In 1912 citizens of these parts banded together to pledge funds "to aid in the building of 
a road from the Montgomery county line to Asheboro." 

The petition bearing 116 names, pledges a total of $4,089.50, and reads: 

"We the undersigned agree to pay to C. J. Cox, D. B. McCrary, on their order, the 
amounts opposite our names to aid in the building of a road from the Montgomery county 
line to Asheboro along or near the old Plant road, on a survey made under the direction 

115 




Graves Siding 




Road Building Machine 

used in building 

Highway 220 in 1927 



Harper Store at Quinine 



116 



of Mr. Leonard Tufts; the same to be paid as needed and called for, the road to be 
completed on or before January 18th, 1913. 

"No part of any subscription is to be paid unless as much as thirty five hundred dollars 
is subscribed. 

"This June 1st, 1912. 

The signers of the subscription are listed below: 

C. J. Cox, H. B. Hiatt, C. C. Cranford, W. D. Stedman and Son, J. S. Lewis, T. F. Cole, M. 
L. Davis, Jas, H. Kivett, Will Skeen, W. J. Teague, W. F. Redding, Arthur Ross, W. A. 
Underwood, J. T. Penn, A. W. Free, J. W. Allen, E. G. Morris, L. M. Fox, A. C. McAllister, 
D. K. Lockhart, E. L. Auman, H. H. Kennedy, W. C. Hammond, T. C. Ward, Geo. T. 
Murdock, Robert Burns, L. D. Birkhead, A. E. Burns, D. B. McCrary, Wm. C. Hammer, J. 
A. Spence and Seth W. Laughlin. 

Asheboro Gro. Co., T. H. Redding, O. R. Fox, J. O. Redding, Mrs. A. C. McAllister, J. V. 
Hunter, A. A. Spencer, J. W. Birkhead, J. B. Webster, Laughlin Grocery Co., J. T. 
Winslow, Williams and Presnell, A. F. Cagle, (Iola, N. C), American Motor Co. 
(Greensboro), S. L. Hayworth, W. J. Scarboro, Wood and Moring, S. A. Cox (Pisgah, N. 
C], W. F. Hughes, W. J. Presnell, G. W. Hilliard, C. Rush, C. L. Cranford, E. H. Morris, J. 
A. York, J. A. Beaver, F. E. Byrd, N. P. Cox, J. H. Grossman, Hoover and McCain, H. E. 
Moffitt, E. Moffitt, J. W. Neely, J. P. Phillips, R. R. Ross, J. E. Walker, J. B. Slack, J. A. 
Monroe, J. A. King, J. A. Auman, and W. R. Graves. 

A. C. Lowdermilk, A. R. Auman, J. R. Auman, O. D. Lawrence, J. D. Welch, J. A. Sikes, J. 
W. Brower, S. W. Presnell, J. J. Welch, Calvin Chriscoe, J. C. Lowdermilk, M. A. Cagle, T. 
W. Lawrence, R. J. Lawrence, C. E. Smart, J. P. Burroughs, C. McNeill, W. C. Garner, Dr. 
D. J. Johnson, J. H. Spencer, M. C. Auman, D. R. Graves, J. W. King, A. B. Trogdon, W. T. 
Macon, R. Cole, J. F. Garner, J. S. Hancock, G. F. Garner, J. S. Hancock, G. F. Garner, L. F. 
Craven, W. J. Armfield, Jr., J. D. Ross, T. W. Johnson, Leo Barker, Star Meat Market, M. 
C. Spoon, Jno. B. Humble, R. L. Paisley, P. H. Morris, Jno. M. Hammer, and C. B. Griffin. 

This was the beginning of Highway 70. In 1912 there were no road system, the Plank 
Road had long been abanded. Dave Cornelison was county commissioner at this time 
serving two terms and was interested in helping folks get their produce, crossties and 
timber into towns where market value was higher. This new state highway was the first 
road in the county to be improved. It was built at $250 a mile for grading and graveling 
with the funds for construction being derived from these contributions. Maggie Presnell 
recalls that a spring was located in the middle of the road just below the present 
cannery. It was covered with a shelter and wagons would stop beside it where horses 
and drivers would refresh themselves. It was covered over during this construction. 

The road ran through the gap of the mountain up past the present site of the Christian 
Church, and branched off the Old Plank Road, coming through by the depot and making a 
deep curve. Then it curved again near the present home of Ruth Cox Garner, going in by 
the Lewis Park place, and on to Grave's Siding. There was a saw mill here operated by 
Elkanah Graves, where the railroad had put in extra tracks so that lumber could be 
loaded onto the cars which were picked up by the train. The road was not paved until 
recently, but it was ditched and well graveled which was certainly an improvement over 
the old roads. "It was a good road for its day", Boyd King recalled, "only it was so 
crooked. It went by everyone's house". 

Michfield was a mile north of Graves Siding. This was named for a man, Mitchel, who 
was called Mitch by his friends. It was one of the largest cleared fields around, so for 
years it was referred to as Mich's field, becoming over the years "Michfield". 

The road turned and twisted into Midway, where Frank Cole ran a pottery and store 
which was located halfway between Michfield and Dewey. Dewey's namesake was 
Admiral Dewey who was a national hero during the late 1800's Dewey Auman was also 

117 



named after him. 

These small communities were established near the unmanned stop stations the 
railroad built. The freight was deposited inside, and the neighboring storekeeper kept the 
key and looked after the goods. According to Ray Auman, who has lived in the vicinity 
since 1919, Route 70 highway ran following the railway, on to Flag Springs, a place 
known due to the abundance of flag flowers in the spring. From here, it went on near 
Ulah, and crossing the present Hawthorne Drive, it came into the Asheboro area near the 
present Oakhurst Baptist Church. 



Town Of Seagrove 



By 1913 there were several businesses and store places in the local area of the depot. 
The barrel shop had slowed down due to prohibition but the wagon factory was still 
strong. The roller mill was operating in the new building, the Dresser plant was 
progressing, John and Wlmo Newsomes' blacksmith shop was still in operation where the 
Post Office is now. Dave Cornelison and his brother George Henry had built their general 
store just east of the depot in 1905. Harpers was still open as was Yows. Richard Boling 
was clerking at Lola Trodgon & Co. located across the road from the roller mill. Jeff 
Moore, Fred and Walter Lindley ran a small brick yard north of this. The school had just 
opened and the new highway was being built, coming right through Main Street. 

The village that had grown up around the depot felt the need of an organized council. 
D. A. Cornelison and Frank Auman were appointed to go to Raleigh and have a town 
charter established. 

AN ACT TO INCORPORATE THE TOWN OF SEAGROVE IN RANDOLPH COUNTY. 
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the town of Seagrove, in the county of Randolph, be and the same is 
hereby incorporated under the name and style of "Seagrove," and that said town shall 
be subject to all provisions contained in chapter seventy-three of the Revisal of one 
thousand nine hundred and five, and all provisions of said chapter not inconsistent with 
the provisions of this act are hereby made a part of it. 

Section 2. That the corporate limits of said town shall be as follows, to wit: 
Beginning at the depot of the Raleigh, Charlotte and Southern Railroad as center, and 
running thence a straight line north for one mile and straight lines south, east and west 
for one-half mile, and the corporate limits of said town shall be confined within the figur 
formed by four lines running at right angles to said lines and extending each way till they 
intersect each other, respectively. 

Section 3. That the officers of said incorporation shall consist of a treasurer, mayor, 
constable, and five commissioners; that until Tuesday after first Monday in May, one 
thousand nine hundred and thirteen, D. A. Cornelison is appointed mayor of said town, 
and G. H. Cornelison, Frank Auman, W. J. Moore, T. N. Slack and E. M. Brown are 
appointed commissioners. 

Section 4. That there shall be an election for officers mentioned in this act on 
Tuesday after the first Monday in May, one thousand nine hundred and thirteen, and 
biennially thereafter, as now provided by law for elections in cities and towns in this 
State. 

Section 5. That it shall be the duty of the officers herein named, within ten days 
after the ratification of this act, to take proper oaths of office and enter upon the duties of 
such officers; that said commissioners herein appointed shall, immediately after they 
have qualified, appoint a constable and treasurer, who shall hold office until said 
election. 

Section 6. That this act shall be in force from and after its ratification 
Ratified this the 5th day of March, A. D. 1913. 

118 




;3 :■■ ,: 



Left to right: , Ed McPherson, Richard Richardson in doorway, Willard Boone and 

owner Lacy Richardson. ...in front of Richardson Store, Wes Richardson's blacksmith 
shop located beside it, in the background J. B. Slack house can be seen. 




Seagrove - 1935 

119 



First Town Tax List 1914 





Value of 


Value of 


Names 


Town Lots 


Personal Property 


Auman, Frank 


1500 


405 


Auman, A. R. 


700 




Boling, W. E. 






Boling. R. B. 


60 




Brower, C. W. 


450 




Boone, J. A. 


150 




Boone, W. W. 


50 


26 


Coltrane, D. A. 




27 


Calicutt, A. S. 


250 


2 


Cornelison, D. A. 


1850 


410 


Cornelison, G. H. 


600 


291 


Cornelison, D. A. & G. H. 


855 


5388 


Dawkins, Carl 






Truman, Harris 






Garner Estate 


25 




Holm, N. J. 




290 


King, }. M. 




524 


Farlow, M. 


200 




Lowdermilk, A. F. 




365 


Latham, W. J. 


50 


13 


Latham, Alfred 


50 


30 


Lucas, Bethel 


75 




Moore, W. J. 


600 


170 


McNeill, A. L. 


' 2000 




McDonald, J. M. 




301 


McNeill, C. C. 


600 


226 


Parks, 0. W. 


250 


25 


Parks, L. B. 


1300 


376 


Richardson, J. W. 


100 




Thomas, E. N. 


60 




Seagrove Mill & Store Co. 


200 




Stutts, W. L. 




870 


Sikes, J. A. 


50 


50 


Seagrove Lbr. Co. 


130 


875 


Sikes, J. R. 






Slack, J. B. 






Vuncanon, J. A. 




119 


Vuncanon, Remus 




175 


Williams, W. R. 


650 


83 


Yow, Henry 


595 


5630 


Yow, Rona 




500 


Yow, W. E. 




469 


Yow, 0. M. 


25 


25 


Welch, J. J. 


50 





120 




Dave Cornelison, Jeff Welch, Garrett Leach and Pink Strider in front of Cornelison's 
Store. Manley Jordon's Barber Shop is on the left. 




Jeff D. Welch pictured in front of hardware (partner A. R. Auman not shown). Bail wire 
in front and tobacco twine and cross-cut saw can be seen in window-1920. 



121 



AN ACT TO AMEND CHAPTER 270 OF THE PRIVATE LAWS OF 1913, RELATING TO 
THE CORPORATED LIMITS OF THE TOWN OF SEAGROVE, RANDOLPH COUNTY. 
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That chapter two hundred and seventy of the Private Laws of the General 
Assembly of North Carolina of its session of one thousand nine hundred and thirteen be 
and the same is hereby amended as follows, towit: Skrike out all of section two of said 
chapter and substitute in lieu thereof the following towit: 

"Section 2. That the corporate limits of said town shall be as follows, towit: Beginning 
at a point 40 chains east of the depot at a stake; thence north 12 chains to a stake; thence 
north 85 west 21 Vz chains to a stake; thence north 31 west 44 Vi chains to a stake; thence 
west 2OV2 chains to a stake; thence 55 chains to the southwest corner of auction sale lots, 
still south 40 chains to a stake; thence east about 60 chains to a stake south of the 
beginning corner; thence north 40 chains to be beginning." 

Section 2. That this act shall be in effect from and after its ratification. Ratified this 
the 8th day of March, A. D. 1915. 

J. S. Burton had purchased in 1911, from Ollie W. Parks, two small farms located 
northwest of the depot. He divided these into lots and held an auction. L. J. Presnell, J. }. 
Welch, Dr. D. J. Johnson, C. W. Brower and others purchased these. Homes were built 
facing Parks and Yow Streets. Cornelison Street was boundry on the north side of this 
property and the Troy Road was on the south. 

Frank Auman built a store in the same location as the present Seagrove Grocery. Jack 
Welch built one north of the Roller Mill. E. B. Cole and Jack Presnell opened a store above 
the roller mill. Presnell had sold his store at Mitchfield to John M. Yow. Jason Freeman 
ran a store near J. B. Slacks that specialized in cloth. The town was growing. In 1914 the 
Cornelison General Store burned. Dave had been occupied in helping the town get 
started and with road work as a county commissioner. George Henry felt that he had 
neglected their business leaving most of the duties to him so instead of building back as 
partners he built a new store north of the roller mill. Dave rebuilt at the orginal site. 

In 1915 Eli Leach approached Henry Yow to sell the land southwest of his store but 
Yow declined stating that he would sell that parcel of 40.3 acres which lay east of the 
depot. Agreements were made and the Seagrove Development Company was organized 
by C. M. Tysor, E. B. Leach, W. J. Armfield, Jr. and J. D. Ross. The land was divided into 
blocks establishing Main, North and South Streets and East Avenue. Auman Avenue, 
connecting with main and east was plotted but never developed. Ridge Road was already 
established at this date as was the old Plank Road. The blocks were divided into lots of 
about one half acre each, except for those nearest the depot which were 30' x 100'. 

A prize of $15 was to be given on the day of the sale to the person hauling the most 
people in on a wagon. Many local drivers competed. Elsie and Boyd King fitted their 
wagon with a large hay frame and had four horses pulling it. Chains were run through 
the middle to hold it erect and planks were put across to the outside where more people 
could stand. Over 75 men, women and children packed themselves onto this wagon and 
over the hill they went. Down near the sale the frame broke and the people tumbled out 
hooting, hollering and being thankful that none were hurt "but we won the prize" Boyd 
said. 

W. L. Stutts bought property from Worth Lumber Co. in 1901 which was located just 
east of Seagrove on the old plank road. He opened a store, stocked factory made and 
homemade coffins and shrouds. Little by little these became his specialty and he decided 
to take training and become an undertaker. The first burial he performed in Randolph 
County was June 28, 1914 when he buried the infant child of Jason and Zellar Brower 
Boone. 

122 





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123 



1976 Map of Seagrove 



RESIDENCES 



1. Cora Henderson 

2. Vacancy 

3. Lawrence Needham [Chelsea] 

4. Auburn Haut [Mary] 

5. William Vernon Lethco 

6. Vacancy 

7. Ruth Garner 

8. William Boroughs 

9. Austin Walker [Jennie] 

10. Vacancy 

11. Chester Hall [Bessie] 

12. Clay Davis [Barbara] 

13. Lee Russell [Flo] 

14. Michael Walker [Sandra] 

15. Ricky Scarboro [Marlene] 

16. Bertha Simmons 

17. W. E. Hunt 

18. Mamie Bumgarner 

19. Raymond Brim [Vidica] 

20. Marvin Owens [Cora] 

21. Opal Willard 

22. Shelton Graves [Thelma Ruth] 

23. Vacancy 

24. Ray McCaskill 

25. Hal Boroughs [Coleen] 

26. Edgar Combs [Martha] 

27. Monroe Combs [Irene] 

28. Rankin Richardson [Jennie Belle] 

29. Keith Richardson 

30. Lynn Auman [Tonnie] 

31. Bertha Richardson 

32. Vacancy 

33. Gordon Milks 

34. William R. Green [Betty] 

35. Vacancy 

36. Cecil Rouse 

37. Edna Auman [son - Lacy] 

38. W. P. Strider [Dora] 



39. 


Charles Richardson [Vera] 


76 


Carson Kennedy 


40. 


Clyde King [Lucy] 


77 


Claude East [mother - Hattie] 


41. 


Charles Cagle [Rebecca] 


78 


Nancy Morgan 


42. 


Vacancy 


79 


Clark [Barbara] 


43. 


Rev. Ted Kirk [Kathy] [parsonage] 80. 


Wendell Martindale [Louise] 


44. 


A. R. Auman, Jr. 


81. 


Leon Hundley [Cathy] 


45. 


Mildred Bone 


82. 


Don East [Peggy] 


46. 


Edna Singleton 


83. 


Vacancy 


47. 


Howard Maness [Thada] 


84. 


Cyrus Hundley [Delia] 


48. 


Lloyd Callicutt [Nell] 


85. 


Lexie Boone [Edna] 


49. 


Boyd King [Janie] 


86. 


David Brown [Sheila] 


50. 


Gary Conklin [Ann] 


87. 


Vester East [Hazel] 


51. 


[a] Wiley Hoover (Clara] 


88. 


John Tucker 




[b] Anna Belle Bullins 


89. 


Thelma Brown 


52. 


Wade Harris [Evelyn] 


90. 


James Weaver 


53. 


Louise Richardson Bell 


91. 


Ellen Cox 


54. 


Amos Farlow [Asia] 


92. 


Winburn Fry [Alma Lee] 


55. 


W. C. Cox [Geneva] 


93. 


Franklin Auman [Patricia] 


56. 


Bobby Von cannon [Maxine] 


94. 


Mrs. Leland Auman 


57. 


John D. Leach [Mozelle] 




[daughter - Betty] 


58. 


Vacancy 


95. 


Mabel Ashworth 


59. 


Theodore Auman [Mattie] 


96. 


Clinton Comer [Martha] 


60. 


Gladys Harmon 


97. 


Robert Luther [Barbara] 


61. 


Reid Hunt [Bonnie] 


98. 


Johnny Allen [Alt a] 


62. 


Larry Hunt [Judy] 


99. 


Craston Brown 


63. 


Hoy! Auman [Anne] 


100. 


Tracy Luck [Louella] 


64. 


Hubert Auman [Sarah] 


101. 


J. C. Reeder [Nancy] 


65. 


Ray Hogan [sister - Fronie] 


102. 


Roger King [Pat] 


66. 


Bobby Duncan [Bessie] 


103. 


Blanche Spencer 


67. 


Trailer 


104. 


Emma Parks 


68. 


Trailer 


105. 


Ben Chriscoe [Magalene] 


69. 


Ivey Luck [Ruby] 


106. 


Bill Thomas [Alma] 


70. 


Rev. Charles Melvin [Lora Lynn] 


107. 


Nettie Lucas [Clifford] 




[parsonage] 


108. 


Arlon Cox [Louise] 


71. 


Clement McCaskill [Ethel] 


109. 


Jasper Johnson [Effie] 


72. 


Sammy Wright [Wilma] 


110. 


William Thompson [Lucille] 


73. 


Hoyt Wright 


111. 


James Coleman [Mae] 


74. 


Tommy Marsh [Joanne] 


112. 


Raeford Wright [Rachel] 


75. 


Ruby Ashburn 


113. 


Carlene Corder 



BUSINESSES - Dates Established and Present Proprietors 

A. Simmon Floor Covering [1962] Ralph Simmons 

B. Seagrove Upholstery [1961] W. E. Hunt 

C. Seagrove Amoco [1951] Jay Simpson 

D. Davis Auto Sales [1974] Arnold Davis 

E. Vacancy 

F. Modern Shell Station [1960] Jack Reeves 

G. Seagrove Motor Co. [1924] W. C. & Lacy Auman 
H. Mid State Plastics [1971] Jack Lail, president 

I. Dairy Breeze [1968] Norma Jean and Doyle Auman 

J. Econo Oil [1957] Cecil Rouse 

K. Post Office 

L. Seagrove Lumber Co. [1901] Vernon King, president 

M. Carolina Tennis Tender [1973] Wade Harris 

N. 220 Exxon [1954] Ricky Martinez 

O. Red Lion Furniture [1972] Colon Presnell 

P. Seagrove Methodist Church 

Q. Holly Hill Candle and Greenhouse [1974] Richard Gillison 

R. First National Bank of Asheboro [1968] Stad Crutchfield, manager 

S. Seagrove Barber Shop [1954] Hal Boroughs 

T. Seagrove Hardware [1916] Hubert and A. R. Auman 

U. Seagrove Grocery [1936] Amos Farlow & Kenneth Callicutt 

V. Little Village Dress Shop [1966] W. C. and Geneva Cox 

W. Modern Barber Shop [1972] Jimmy Cagle 

X. Realistic Beauty Shop [1972] Helen Cagle 

Y. Seagrove Oil Co. [1959] Bobby Voncannon 

Z. Luther Floor Covering [1969] Robert Luther 

AA. Seagrove Christian Church 

BB. Library 

CC. School 



124 



N 

1 



i 



TOWN OF SEAGROVE 
NORTH CAROLINA 

SCALE: l" = 200' 
AREA: sifcfc ACRES 




C»i?P«^«ri# 



125 



He built a ware house just behind the Dave Cornelison store doing business from a 
small office situated beside it. Later Stutts moved to the corner above the roller mill. Bill 
Stutts served the community until his stroke in 1936. 

Sometimes there was a coffin damaged in shipping or storage and Stutts would leave it 
sitting outside the warehouse to be sent back on the train. One night a devilish group 
spied the town drunk sleeping it off on the depot plat form. They carried the damaged 
coffin over and deposited him inside. The next morning he woke up so frightened to find 
himself in such a place that he decided to stay clear of his "joy juice" evermore! 

Citizens decided to establish a hardware business in town. The original stock holders 
were Frank Auman, W. J. Armfield, Charlie Tysor and J. D. Ross. Bricks were hauled 
from the Elmer Rich brick yard in Grant township to the site by Wade Tysor. Willard 
Brown and John Wright were the masons. Available tax records indicaie it was open 
business in 1916. 

Two years later Jeff Welch and Artemus Auman purchased the business. The Post 
Office was housed in a front cover while Welch served from 1920 to 1923 when he died. It 
was then that Auman became sole owner. The hardware has remained in the original 
building and today is owned by the sons, Hubert and A. R. Auman Jr. 

A siding on the railroad had been put in below the depot shortly after the hardware 
was built. Crossties were purchased from local people who had hewed them from logs. 
Excellent hardwoods producing these ties soon gave Seagrove the title of "Crosstie 
Capitol of the World." Thousands were sent to distant places during the great railway 
expansion. 

The Bank Of Seagrove 

On March 10, 1920, a group of citizens met at the office of D. A. Cornelison for the 
purpose of organizing a bank in Seagrove. Those present were Frank Auman, J. D. 
Welch, E. B. Leach, C. M. Tyson, E. B. Cole, J. C. Walker, W. R. Williams, O. W. Parks, C. 
C. Lemonds, J. J. Welch, C. E. King, M. F. Williams, L. J. Presnell, A. R. Auman, Jasper 
Auman, W. L. Stutts, D. A. Cornelison, I. T. Brown, T. L. Helms, A. C. Harris, and W. J. 
Moore. 

The group elected Frank Auman chairman and J. D. Welch secretary. 

They decided on ten-thousand dollars as the amount of capital stock. Each person 
present was asked to subscribe for a certain amount of this stock. 

At the next meeting, on March 17th, Mr. A. C. Harris of Goldston outlined the working 
of the banking business, and each person paid twenty-five percent of the stock for which 
he had subscribed. 

By March 25, 1920, the entire ten-thousand dollar capital stock had been raised. 

The group was ready to elect officers and directors. 

Mr. J. D. Welch was elected President and Mr. Frank Auman was elected 
Vice-President. The directors were E. B. Leach, W. R. Williams, J. F. Garner, D. A. 
Cornelison, J. D. Welch, Frank Auman and A. C. Harris. 

It was decided that two committees would be needed - a loan committee and an 
auditing committee. D. A. Cornelison, J. D. Welch and A. C. Harris made up the loan 
committee. The auditing committee was composed of Frank Auman, E. B. Leach and W. 
R. Williams. 

A. C. Harris was elected cashier at a salary of eighty-five dollars per month. 

The bank was opened in a small back room of a furniture store owned by Frank 
Auman, which also housed the Seagrove Post Office. After about one year, a brick 
building which is still standing, was erected on the adjacent lot. This building and its 
furnishings were insured for twenty-five hundred dollars. 

In the bank's second year, officers and directors remained the same with one 
exception; Frank Auman was elected President to replace Mr. Welch, who was no longer 

126 





Official seal of the bank (left). Bowl (center) reads "Compliments of Bank of Seagrove - 
Seagrove, N. C. Start a Checking Account". Book bank (right) was given as personal 
accounts were established. 





W. P. Strider - 1921 



Bank of Seagrove 



127 



a candidate. Mr. Auman remained President until the bank's closing in 1935. Mr. A. C. 
Harris continued as cashier with a salary increase to one-hundred and ten dollars per 
month. 

During the fifteen years of operation the bank had as clerk Miss Lillian King, Miss Leta 
Auman and Mrs. A. C. Harris. 

In 1922, the Commercial National Bank of High Point was considered safe, and was 
approved by the board as a clearing-house bank. 

On January 11, 1923, the shareholders of the Bank of Seagrove met for their regular 
annual meeting and the following resolution of respect was approved and prepared by a 
committee consisting of E. B. Leach, D. A. Cornelison, and A. C. Harris: 

On December 5, 1922, God in His infinite wisdom called to His home the soul of J. D. 
Welch. 

Mr. Welch was one of the stockholders and directors of this institution, and in every 
way a favored friend of this institution. 

He was always present at our directors' and annual stockholders' meetings, and was 
ready to shoulder his share of responsibility. 

No sketch of him could be written without mentioning his unfailing optimism. To him, 
the way was always bright - his skies were rarely beclouded. He was an honorable, 
energetic business - man, a splendid neighbor, a consistent Christian gentleman, and his 
place was seldom vacant in any public gathering. 

He always took an active part in the church work and was ever ready to do his part, 
whether in the choir, where his service found greatest delight, or any task which might 
fall to his lot. 

Therefore be it resolved: 

First: That we feel deeply the loss of our dear friend and co-worker but that we thank 
God for his usefulness and Christian influence while living among us. 
Second: That we extend to his wife and near relatives our deepest sympathy and 
commend them to Him whose grace can sustain us through all our trials. 
Third: That these resolutions be upon the minutes of the annual meeting of the 
stockholders of the Bank of Seagrove and a copy be sent to the bereaved Mrs. Welch. 

Committee - D. A. Cornelison, E. B. Leach, A. C. Harris. 

By the end of 1924, the bank was able to show a profit of nine-hundred ninety-eight 
dollars, and twelve cents. It was decided that the profit should be utilized for operation. 

Throughout the latter half of the 1920's, the minutes of the directors' meeting show 
there was a continuous urge to decrease the indebtedness to the bank, indicating that the 
directors were carefully watching the financial stability of their institution. It has been 
reported, on notes throughout the duration of the operation, that the bank never lost a 
dime. 

The same can be said about losses from robbery. A story is told that the Seagrove Bank 
was robbed once. ..almost. Back in the summer of 1932, Mr. Harris was having a routine 
day minding the bank, when a man walked in and asked for change for a twenty-dollar 
bill. After getting the change, Mr. Harris looked up and into the barrel of a 38. He was 
told to raise his hands and back up. He obeyed immediately, backing to an open window, 
he went. Now whether the flip was intentional or not is sheer speculation - one story is 
told that he jumped out, and another that he was so frightened he fell out. But all agree 
that once out the window, Mr. Harris began to call "Get the robber, get the robber!" 

Startled, the robber fled to an accompanist and a waiting car and sped away. 

Sheriff Carl King was called and he took off in hot pursuit. The robber proceeded to 
throw tacks on the road, puncturing the tires of the sheriff's car, as well as the tires of 
many other cars. Thus, the sheriff's pursuit was ended. 

Later, one of the would be robbers was caught and charged, but was never brought to 
trial. 

128 




129 



On December 29, 1933, the directors of the Bank of Seagrove met, and after due 
consideration, decided that it was in the best interest of all to liquidate the bank. 

Having been given the authority to handle the liquidation by Gurney P. Hood, state 
commissioner of banks, they proceeded by calling a meeting of stockholders on January 
11, 1934. At this meeting, the following resolution was put to a vote: 

Resolved, That it is advisable and for the best interest of the Bank, its stockholders, 
depositors, and other creditors and the public in general, as well, that The Bank of 
Seagrove go into voluntary liquidation, surrender its charter and franchise as a 
corporation of this State, and be closed, pursuant to the Statutes in such cases made and 
provided, and 

Resolved Further, That this Bank do in fact dissolve, go into voluntary liquidation, 
surrender its charter and franchise as a corporation of this State, and be closed, and 
that the directors and officers of the Bank be and they are hereby authorized, 
empowered and directed to take any and all such action as may be necessary or proper 
to carry the above proposals promptly and fully into effect, and 

Resolved Further, That a certified copy of all proceedings of this meeting, verified by 
the oath of the President and Cashier of the Bank of Seagrove, shall be transmitted to the 
Commissioner of Banks for his approval, pursuant to the Statutes in such cases made and 
provided. 

Number of shares voted in favor of said resolution 180 

Number of shares voted against said resolution 

Number of shares represented at the meeting 180 

Number of shares issued and outstanding 200 

All depositers were paid one-hundred percent early in 1934. 

On October 27, 1934, the Bank building and fixtures were offered for sale at public 
auction. Mr. A. R. Auman placed the high bid of twelve-hundred seventy-five dollars. 
This bid was accepted on November 7, 1934. 

By the end of May 1935, all debts were paid and all notes, judgements and interest 
collected. The total amount after all receipts and disbursements being twenty-four 
hundred fifty-five dollars, and twenty-one cents, making the two hundred out-standing 
shares of stock valued at twelve dollars, twenty-seven and one half cents per share. 

The cashier, Mr. A. C. Harris was authorized to pay the share holders upon receipt of 

their stock certificates. Thus ended the Bank of Seagrove. „ ^ «. 

Patsy Calhcutt 



130 



EARLY AUTOS 

Automobiles had replaced many of the buggies. Eli Leach and son Garrett were 
already operating their auto repair shop below Cornelison's store. In 1920 they built one 
on the site of the Village Dress Shop. Walter Auman began working for them and about 
1926 established his own garage. It was located in the old Will Tucker store. Part of the 
mill building was still there at that time. Later he moved across the road where it 
remained until 1955, then the old Joe Comer building housed the work. Sons W. C. Jr. and 
Lacy Auman worked with their father. In 1960 a modern building was built on the south 
side of their home, which is operated today by the sons. 

Walter Auman was an excellent mechanic receiving his share of the local trade. 
However, he may be remembered by his wit and practical jokes. Most of the young men 
hung around Walter, facinated by his skill. He especially liked to pull something on 
Dewitt King or Shelton Graves. One day they were planting Dewitt's garden and Walter 
offered to help. He encouraged them to plant lots of pumpkins. "Boys you can really use 
these this fall" he declared. Walter gave them seed which he said was a new variety. All 
summer they worked the garden watching for the pumpkins and dollar signs. That fall 
they were surprised to find their pumpkins were citrous with no market value. 






Luke Bean, Walter C. Auman and Joseph Comer in front of Auman's Garage 1924. 
Building on side was used for recharging batteries. This was formally Boling and Tucker 
Store with the Vaughn Shoe Repair in side building. 

Back when cars were beginning to become popular, Temos Kennedy bought one. The 
motor soon began making a funny noise so not being familiar with these new machines, 
he took it to Walter. Walter informed him the motor was missing meaning that it wasn't 
running smooth. "I do declare," Temos exclaimed "thought something dropped out back 
up the road." 

License plates cost $5 in the early twenties and gasoline was 15 cents a gallon. There 
was no driver education classes that came with the purchase so the happy owners had to 
learn to handle their vehicles any way they could. A. C. Harris bought a Ford from Earl 
Vestel who told him how to operate the leavers. He was out practicing in the shady yard 
when Mrs. Harris indicated with motions that supper was ready and to move the leaver 



131 



so it would stop. "How can I find the right one" he yelled "when I'm busy dodging these 
trees." 

Jonah Lucks found the simple solution to stop it. Earl Vestal told that when he was 
learning, Lucas would simply run into a haystack. 

The town was also learning to "drive". The new school - (the second one of Seagrove) 
had just opened, and was fast becoming crowded. A cemetery was established by 
purchasing two acres of land from Frank and Mattie Auman for $300. This is still in effect 
and located behind the Christian Church. 

The new school had just opened in the fall of 1920, and the classrooms were soon filled. 
Plans were made for another one which was finished in 1926. 

S. G. Richardson, who had recently acquired the Roller Mills installed a cotton gin in 
1925. Boyd King, Claude Walker and Dave Cornelison had set up a brick yard below Eli 
Leach's place. Among other orders, they made the bricks for the new school. 



ROLLER MILLS 

Sometime after 1890 Will H. Tucker traded for the machinery of E. L. Spencer's flour 
mill. He moved it to a building located near the north corner of where King Avenue and 
Highway 220 is now. He also had a store facing south since the highway was not yet built. 
King Avenue was at that time a very small road leading to the mill. Tucker ran this with 
Curtis Brower as miller until he sold out to Russell Williams. 

Then the second roller mill, the one we remember so well today was built in 1915 by 
Russell Williams. Later new equipment was purchased. He ran the mill with Curtis 
Brower until 1920 when the property was sold to Brower. S. G. Richardson purchased it 
in 1925 and Jesse Page was the miller. Richardson's son, Charles began operating it in 
1945 using it for grinding feed. Then Edith and Wade Paschell used the mill in connection 
with their hatchery. They moved out and in 1955 the old mill burned down. 

CIVIC ORGANIZATIONS 

The Seagrove Lions Club received their charter May 1, 1946. Meeting at the Methodist 
Church they designated each first and third Thursday, 6:30 o'clock as the official date of 
assembly. Charter members were A. R. Auman Jr., Hubert Auman, A. L. Ashburn Jr. 
James W. Bryant, Amos Farlow, Philmore Graves, Wade Harris, Lonnie King, Ivey Luck, 
Truman Parker, Foster Richardson, S. G. Richardson, Clyde Russell, Grady Scott, W. W. 
Thomas, Willie Graves, Robert Macon, Noah Williams, C. M. Stickland, Edgar Stevens, 
Ben Owen, Howard Kennedy, and S. B. Ferree. S. G. Richard was installed as the first 
president and A. R. Auman Jr. as the first secretary and treasure. 

Throughout the years Seagrove Lions Club have maintained their creed of the 
National Club. They also have held various projects to provide funds for community such 
as flooring the gym floor and establishing street markers, building the scout hut and 
sponsoring Scout Organizations. Current officers are President, Wade Harris, Secretary, 
Birchel Hancock, and Treasure Grady Scott. Today there are 15 Lion members who are 
besides the officers, A. R. Auman Jr., Hubert Auman, Walter Auman, Amos Farlow, 

132 



Beauford Greene, Kenneth Callicutt, Wayne Thomas, Thomas Lawrence, Monroe Combs, 
Bobby Voncannon, and Lonnie King. 

Since 1913 there has been formed here a Masonic, a Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics, a Woodman of the World organization, and Home Demonstration 
Club. No information of their minutes are available. 

A Girl Scouts of America Troop was organized in 1943 by Rosa Lee Auman. This group 
met for over a year. Then in 1954 Sarah Auman revived the charter and gave about ten 
years of leadership. In 1965 Mrs. Robert Varner and Mrs. Frank Lamb continued with the 
group for three years. At this time Virginia King headed the Cadets, a senior group of this 
unit. 

Boy Scouts were active by 1948 with Elbert King as Scoutmaster. In 1960 J. D. Williams 
reorganized the unit which has continued as troop 513. Lawrence Needham and Kenneth 
Callicutt were leaders later. Biill Lemonds has served as Scoutmaster for the past seven 
years. Present members include Dean Hayes, Jammy Hayes, Gene King, and Jeff 
Kirk. In the Exployers Post are Mike Cavaletto, Mark Hunt, Mark McCrae, Eddie 
Voncannon and Rogon Walker. 

A Cub division of the Boy Scout's for boys ages 8-11 was established in 1959. Robert 
Copple was Cub Master for six years. Keith Richardson served two as did Frank Lamb. 
Recently a new cub troop was again established with leadership of Raeford Brown at the 
Flag Springs Church. A local Den is held by Kathy Kirk and Linda Reeder. 

4-H has been a vital part of youth development in the Seagrove Community since 1962. 
The Seagrove Community 4-H Club was organized under the leadership of Mr. and Mrs. 
Birchel Hancock. It is a Youth organization which serves all the youths in the United 
States. Its programs serve local commmunities, states and through exchange programs, it 
encompasses much of the world. 

The Seagrove Community can be proud of its 4-H'ers who have won many local and 
national honors since the organization of the club in 1962. 4-H'ers continue to strive 
always "To make the best better". 

Fire DeDartment 

The idea of an all volunteer fire department was first discussed at a town board 
meeting in September 1956. It was thought necessary because although the community 
had grown it was still unable to be covered by a municipal. This was the only fire 
department in the county formed at that time whose existence depended entirely upon 
contributions. 

Early in February 1957, approximately thirty five persons signed a certificate of 
incorporation for the founding of this department. This certificate was sent to the 
Secretary of State for approval. In March it was returned and the following directors 
were named: President, A. L. Ashburn; Vice-President. Paul Auman; secretary, A. R. 
Auman; treasure, A. E. Garner. Other original incorporators were: W. C. Auman, June 
Farlow, Harwood Graves, Ray Caudill, and J. D. King, Treece Voncannon, Ottie Graves, 
Bobby Voncannon, Walter Auman, Ottis Graves, W. W. Thomas, Grady Scott, Boyd King, 
Lester Southern, Ray Hogan, Wade Harris, C. E. King, Ernest Spencer, J. R. Barker, Amos 
Farlow, W. E. Tucker, Vernon King, J. L. Lawrence, Dennie Maness, Wilbur Eaton and 
Hubert Auman. 

The new department began with a fund raising campaign as its first official action with 
$10,000 being the desired goal. They organized a house to house and store to store drive 
contacting every individual in Seagrove area. Probably the most successful form of 
raising the money were the fish fries the firemen sponcered. These not only provided 
necessary funds for the endeavor, but kept interest growing over the long months of 
securing equipment. These suppers also became enjoyable socials for the entire 
community. 

133 



In July 1957, a committee was appointed to inspect various types of fire engines in this 
general area. After much consideration it was decided that the truck devoid of 
accessories would be purchased from Vestal Motor Company but the ladder, hose, fire 
extinguishers and a 500 gallon tank would be purchased from the W. S. Darley Company 
of Chicago, manufactures of fire fighting equipment. 

Saturday, June 21, 1958, the new red fire truck fully equiped rolled into town with a 
price tag of $9,800. The truck was equipped with one 24 inch ladder, one 18 inch ladder 
each 18 feet long, 400 feet of hose, four Indian fire extinguishers and a 500 gallon 
per minute Darley 3 stage pumper booster tank. The truck had been paid for at the time 
of purchase and one fourth of the cost of the equipment was paid during the following 
year and the balance paid during the next three years. This first payment was made with 
voluntary contributions which had been collected during the year prior to the purchase 
of the truck. It was for the yearly payment on the equipment that the various fund drives 
were staged. 

Soon after the delivery of the new truck a representative of the W. S. Darley Company 
of Chicago came to Seagrove to brief the firemen on the use of the equipment. They held 
frequent training sessions to familiarize the firemen with the new equipment. 

The arrival of the fire tuck proved to be quite an attraction in the community. Most 
of the youngsters and erownuDS alike made a point of stopping by at Auman's Store 
where the fire truck was temporarily being housed. That winter the truck was moved to 
Ray Caudill's Service Station about three and one half miles north of Seagrove on 220 so 
that it would be housed in a heated building to keep the pumps from freezing. 

A house for the new truck was needed. The solution to this began with the donation of 
land by Seagrove Lumber Co. The 60 x 90 ft. lot is located on the northeast corner of 705 
and 220 intersection which was part of the old cross tie yard of the lumber company. 

In early January 1959 construction was begun on a fire station. It was built entirely 
from volunteer labor of the community. Ottis Graves and James Cagle acted as foreman. 
The fire station provides space for three vehicles in the front of the one story block 
building, with space for a kitchen and storage in the back. The interior was completed at 
a later date. The fire siren and telephone was installed first at Len Auman Store where 
there was someone on duty 24 hours a day. After the station was completed the siren was 
moved to the station and the telephone was installed at Seagrove Grocery and Amos 
Farlow's home. A large tanker was donated to the fire Department in 1968 by Bobby 
Voncannon. 

The first of the Volunteer Firemen were; Chief, Ray Hogan; Assistant Chief, Dennie 
Maness and Birchel Hancock, Walter Auman, Clyde Bumgarner, Jack McKensie and 
Wilbur Eaton. Robert Hunt, Bill Thomas, Lawrence Yow, Coy Hunt, Forrest McNeil, 
Bobby Voncannon and Cecil Leach. Each fireman furnished his own uniform. Within the 
first year of service it was estimated they had saved $30,000 worth of local properties. 

Shortly after the Volunteer Fire Department had been established, Pugh Funeral Home 
in Asheboro gave them a used ambulance and the idea of forming a Rescur Squad 
originated. Fireman Elbert King was designated as Captain and other members serves as 
assistants. King was First Aid Instructor for the Randolph Randolph County Chapter of 
the American Red Cross and in this capacity gave training to all the other members of the 
Squad unit. This unit was equipped to render service in bringing people from burning 
buildings, freeing those who were pinned in wrecks, rescuing people from being drowned 
and giving oxygen to those suffering heart attacks. Unfortunately the financial burden of 
supporting this additional equipment proved too heavy on the fire department so this unit 
had to be disolved. 

Those who have served as Firechief are: Ray Hogan, Dennie Maness, Jack McKenzie 
and Phillip Auman. Hal Boroughs is serving as president, Roger King, vice president, 
Raeford Lucas, secretary and A. R. Auman, Jr. as treasurer. 

134 



HISTORY OF SEAGROVE GRANGE 

Seagrove Grange 816 was organized September 8, 1932 under the leadership of E. S. 
Millsaps, Randolph County Farm Agent, and T. F. Nance, a N. C. State Grange Deputy. 
There were 36 charter members with M. C. Auman, Sr. being elected the first worthy 
master. 

In the early days of the organization, the members were very active. They held 
bi-monthly meetings which were opened and closed in form. A degree team helped in 
other granges. They enjoyed picnics, ice cream suppers, fish frys, oyster stews, etc. 

Some of the community projects the Grange promoted were as follows: requested and 
received an agriculture teach, helped build the first school gymnasium, worked for 
obtaining R. E. A., went on record favoring 12 grades in school, requested and obtained a 
Community Cannery, which was in operation during World War II years, under the 
supervision of the Vocational Department. 

The first meetings were held in the school building. When it was burned, they were 
held in the homes of various members until it was rebuilt. Later the Agriculture Building 
was used for them. 

In later years the Grange sponsored an annual Fiddler's Convention. With the 
proceeds and the capable leadership of M. C. Auman, Sr. and Paul Auman, a lot was 
purchased near the school, and a Grange Hall was erected on it in 1963. 

More recently a well was drilled and a central heating system and linoleum floor 
covering were installed. For several years a scout troop was sponsored. 

Since 1972 the Seagrove Library has rented the Grange Hall. The basement, with rest 
rooms, has been completed. Regular monthly meetings of the Grange are held in it. The 
Seagrove School Band uses it during the school term, also. 

Much credit for the accomplishments of the Grange has been due to its capable 
leadership. Those serving as Worthy Master included: M. C. Auman, Sr., W. V. Redding, 
J. M. Green, R. J. Lawrence, L. A. King, Paul Auman, Eil Callicutt, Thomas Lawrence, and 
Charles Teague. 

Each of the four agriculture teachers: W. V. Redding, Truman Parker, Charles Keels, 
and Homer Boling, were very active in the organization, also. 

All members who join the local organization receive the 4th degree. Several in the 
Seagrove Grange have also received the 5th degree (Pomona or County), the 6th degree 
(State) and the 7th degree (National). 



135 



Seagrove Town Officials 
(No available records prior to 1927) 



1927 - Mayor - J. R. Comer 

Commissioners - O. D. Lawrence 
J. S. Richardson 
Frank Auman 
S. G. Richardson 
W. D. Lenords 

Clerk - E. B. Leach 

1933 - Mayor - Jessie Page 

Commissioners - Noah Williams 
H. D. Smith 
W. B. Hogan 
O. W. Parks 
James Walker 
Clerk - E. B. Leach 

1935 - Mayor - J. L. Page 

Commissioners - J. B. Cox, Chairman 
0. D. Lawrence 
Noah Williams 
J. S. Ashworth 

Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1937 - Mayor - O. D. Lawrence 

Commissioners - W. E. Graves 
Noah Williams 
A. R. Auman 
Amos Farlow 
Wm. Boroughs 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1941 - Mayor - O. D. Lawrence 

Commissioners - W. L. Wright 
Amos Farlow 
Hubert Auman 
Wm. Boroughs 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1943 - Mayor - O. D. Lawrence 

Commissioners - Amos Farlow 
P. L. Auman 
J. S. Ashworth 
Hoyt Wright 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 



1945 - Mayor - Boyd King 

Commissioners - P. L. Auman 
Hubert Auman 
J. S. Ashworth 
Eli King 
Amos Farlow 
Clerk - 0. W. Parks 

1947 - Mayor - Wade Harris 

Commissioners - A. R. Auman 
Forest McNeill 
Hoyt Wright 
A. L. Ashburn 
Clay Presnell 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1951 - Mayor - Wade Harris 

Commissioners - James Booe 

A. L. Ashburn 
J. S. Ashworth 
A. R. Auman 
Hoyt Wright 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1953 - Mayor - W. W. Thomas 

Commissioners - Ben Chrisco 

W. P. Strider 
Johnnie Allen 
Henry Yow 
Rankin Richardson 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1955 - Mayor - A. L. Ashburn 
Commissioners - Ivey Luck 
Ray Hogan 
Shelton Graves 
Amos Farlow 
Howard Lemonds 
Clerk - O. W. Parks 

1957 - Mayor - Ray Hogan 

Commissioners - Theodore Auman 
Hal Boroughs 
Rankin Richardson 
T. E. Auman 

Clerk - O. W. Parks 



136 



1959 - Mayor - Ray Hogan 

Commissioners - C. L. McCaskill 
Raeford Lucas 
L. A. Auman 
B. H. Chrisco 
A. R. Auman 

Clerk - 0. W. Parks 

1961 - Mayor - Ray Hogan 

Commissioners - Clinton Comer 

Amos .Farlow 
Mancrol Combs 
Bobby Voncannon 
Forest McNeill 
Clerk - Hal Boroughs 



1967 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon 
Commissioners - Amos Farlow 
Shelton Graves 
C. L. McCaskill 
A. R. Auman Jr. 
Raeford Lucas 
Clerk - Hal Boroughs 

1969 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon 
Commissioners - Wade Harris 

C. L. McCaskill 
Raeford Lucas 
Keith Richardson 
A. R. Auman Jr. 
Clerk - Hal Boroughs 



1963 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon 
Commissioners - Clinton Comer 
Raeford Lucas 
A. R. Auman 
Austin Walker 
Forest McNeill 
Clerk - Hal Boroughs 

1965 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon 

Commissioners - C. L. McCaskill 

Raeford Lucas 
Austin Walker 
A. R. Auman Jr. 
Amos Farlow 
Clerk - Hal Boroughs 



1971 - Mayor - Charles Richardson 
Commissioners - Ben Chrisco 
Johnny Allen 
Amos Farlow 
Austin Walker 

Clerk - Hal Boroughs 

1975 - Mayor - Michael Walker 
Commissioners - Clay Davis 

Clifford Lucas 
Louise Bell 
Martha Comer 
Thomas Marsh 

Clerk - Nancy Reeder 




Seagrove 1966 



137 



Chronolgical Events 1920 - 1976 



1920 - New school opened (this was the 2nd building for Seagrove) 

- Bank established 

- C. W. Brower purchased the Roller Mill from W. R. Williams 

- Post Office in the hardware store with J. D. Welch as Postmaster 

1923 - Post Office returns to corner building with S. G. Richarson serving 

1924 - S. G. Richardson purchased the Roller Mill from C. W. Brower 

- Brick Company established by B. A. King and Gard Richardson 

- Seagrove Motor Company established by Walter Auman. 

1925 - Cotton Gin opened 

1926 - W. C. Walker and B. A. King - used car sales - 

- Brick School opened 

1927 - Six month school term began 

- Highway 220 paved down to Old Gap 

1928 - Mrs. Jewel Williams installed as Postmistress 

- Electricity installed by Carolina Power & Light; town has 20 street lights at a cost 
of $480.00 

1929 - Eight month school term began 

1930 - Carl King elected Sheriff, served until 1942 

1931 - C. C. Presnell - barber 

- Will Stutts - constable 

1932 - Grady Floyd - extra constable added 

1934 - March - school burned - rebuilt in time for fall semester 

1935 - William & Lewis - 1935 tax list 

- Farlow & Harmon - tax list 

1936 - Western Union Telegraph established 

- Seagrove Grocery est. - Farlow Brothers 

1937 - W. E. Graves reported he had collected $10 from Aycock, manager of Medicine 

Show for operating inside corporate limits for 9 days 

1937 - Jail sold to W. P. Strider for $250 

- Central Telephone installed Seagrove lines 

1938 - C. M. Tyson was given ad to have R. J. Tyson put in Textile World Advertisements 

for lot and tax exemption for 5 years to any textile concern to put up mill in 
Seagrove 

- New Hope section - mail route changed to Route 3, Asheboro 

1939 - Seagrove Grocery Co. 

1941 - Post Office moved to old bank building - Mrs. Jewel Williams, Postmistress 

1942 - Agriculture Education Department at High School was established 

1944 - Hosiery Mill 

- Cafeteria begun at Seagrove School, Janie King, manager 

1945 - John Kearns installed as Postmaster 
1947 - Lions Club sold chances on a car 

- First Tax Service - Velton Freeman 

- Mountain View Canning Company founded by Alfred Spencer and Ivey Luck - 
name changed later to Luck's 

1949 - Curbing of streets - highway 220 widened - cost to property owners $1.50 per 
lineal foot - total bill $10,000 

- Street markers erected 

138 



1950 - Central Telephone installed dial system in Seagrove 

- Relocation of Hwy. 220 - beginning at Depot extending to Asbury 

1951 - Last train through Seagrove December 31, 1951 

1952 - Removal of tracks 

1953 - Lucks, Inc. organized, formerly Mountain View Canning Co., now a part of 

American Home Products 

- New streets named and markers erected - Lions Club paid half the cost 

- Street re-worked from J. R. Lucas to corner to school drive - sidewalk installed 

- Star mail route to Strieby removed 

- Home Economic laboratory built into new addition of the high school 

- Science Department laboratory built in high school 

- Nationwide Insurance Co. - Ray Hogan 

1954 - Alice Graves installed as Postmistress 

- Steeds Post Office discontinued to Seagrove, Route 2 - delivered by Farrell Auman 

- Seagrove Barber Shop - Hal Bourough, barber 

1955 - Fire Station organized 

- Clyde Russell retires from Mail Route 1, Clifton Boone installed 

1956 - Post Office moved to building on south side of Main Street beside hardware store 

and barber shop 

1957 - Econo Oil Service built 

1959 - Blacktopped streets including King, Wayman and East Ave. and old Post Office 

Street 

- Seagrove Oil Company by Bobby Voncannon 

1960 - Modern Shell Station 

1961 - Bird Sanctuary created 

- Seagrove Upholstery, W. E. Hunt 

1962 - Simmon's Floor Covering, Ralph Simmons 

1966 - Little Village Dress Shop est. by Geneva Cox 

1967 - Seagrove Community Water Association incorporated 

- Post Office moved to new building on Hwy. 220 one block north of the depot 

- Seagrove School Library built in the old auditorium 

1968 - May - Depot was removed from original site by Walter Auman to become Potters 

Museum - moved one mile north of Seagrove 

- Dairy Breeze opened 

- First National Bank of Asheboro opens 

1969 - Luther Floor Covering, Robert Luther 

- Southwest High School built 

- $50 given toward plaque commemorating the site of the old depot which was also 
the original landmark from which the town limits were set - Plaque inset in Rock 
Marker built at this time 

1970 - Bank robbed 

1971 - 1st Christmas lights installed by town 

- Mid State Plastics 

1972 - Red Lion Furniture est. 

- Modern Barber Shop - Jimmy Cagle 

- Realistic Beauty Shop - Helen Cagle 

1973 - Library opened in the Grange building on the old Plank Road - Sarah Auman, 

librarian 

- Carolina Tennie Tender Manufacturer 

139 



1974 - Clifton Boone retires from mail Route 1, Russell Macon installed 

- Davis Auto Sales - Arnold Davis 

- Holly Hill Candles - Richard Gillison 

1975 - Bank robbed 

- Town purchased patrol car in connection with the County Sheriff's Department 

- Old Jasper Auman's Grocery building relocated to point opposite Yow Cemetery 
by Charles Cagle 




Green's Station 1938 located 
near the Gap at Needham Mountain 



M and B Drive-In 1948 
Forest McNeil and Alvie Boone 
Located on Old Plank Road 
South of Town 




140 



Luck's Incorporated 



Luck's Incorporated was founded in 1947 as Mountain View Canning Company by 
Alfred Spencer and Ivey Luck. A third local small businessman, Clay Presnell, joined the 
company in 1948. 

The initial purpose of the company was to perform home canning. People from the 
Seagrove area would bring garden vegetables or locally grown and slaughtered meat to 
the plant for canning. Their canning equipment consisted of two semi-automatic Dixie 
Can Sealers and two very small retorts. When operating at full capacity total production 
could approach 200 cans per hour. 

In late 1948, under the Mountain View Label, the first grocery product, Beef and 
Gravy, was introduced. In 1950, after several years of development based on local home 
recipes, the owners felt that they had achieved their goal of high quality, truly home style 
canned Pinto Beans seasoned with Pork. In late 1950 the first Luck's (R) Pinto Beans 
seasoned with Pork was introduced. Great Northern Beans and Blackeyed Peas, both 
seasoned with pork were added to the product line in 1951 and were immediate 
successes. 

In 1953 the name of the company was changed from Mountain View Canning Co. to 
Luck's, Incorporated. 

In late 1953 Mr. C. C. Smith (Colonel), who at that time was a Luck's (r) broker, bought 
an interest in and joined the company. He was later appointed President and Chief 
Executive Officer. Colonel Smith's extensive experience in grocery marketing and sales 
field was utilized to strengthen and expand distribution of Luck's (R) products. 

By 1963 the product lines had grown to include October Beans, Navy Beans, Red 
Kidney Beans, Giant Lima Beans, Small Green Lima Beans, Field Peas, White Acre Peas, 
Salad Greens and Turnip Greens, all seasoned with pork. Also produced were Peaches, 
Gravy and Beef, Gravy with Steak, Chicken and Dumplings and Pork with Barbeque 
Sauce. The original plant at Seagrove had been expanded on several occasions and a 
second plant had been established in Aberdeen, North Carolina for canning peaches. 

Luck's, Incorporated continued to grow both in product line and in geographical 
distribution areas. In October 1967, Luck's, Incorporated was merged into American 
Home Products. Under American Home Foods (Division of A.H.P.) management, Luck's, 
Incorporated has maintained its tradition of growth through the production and sale of 
the highest quality Southern Style Canned Foods. The original formula and processes 
developed in the late 1940's are still used. 

The plant remains at the original location just outside Seagrove, North Carolina. The 
Aberdeen, North Carolina plant has been sold and its operations relocated to Seagrove. 
The original plant was about 700 square feet, the present plant contains in excess of 
110,000 square feet. The first employees were only the partners and now more than 200 
employees work in the Luck's, Incorporated plant. 

Although tiny Mountain View Canning Company has made very substantial growth 
since its first can of Pinto Beans seasoned with pork; its philosophy of superior product 
quality remains foremost. 

141 



MID-STATE PLASTICS, INC. 

Mid-State Plastics, Inc. of Seagrove manufactures such diverse items as ice cream 
freezer components, dinette chair backs and parts for intravenous sets for hospital and 
emergency medical use. 

The firm has been in business just five years, but already is serving varied industries 
over the entire eastern half of the nation with injection molded plastic components for a 
diversity of products. 

President Jack Lail reports that all work is done on a contract basis, producing to 
customer specification such other varied items as power drill handles and housings for 
Black and Decker, parts of games for the Whitman Games and Toys Division of Western 
Publishing Co. and handles and cases for General Electric Company products. 

The business has grown steadily since its 1971 opening, and already a new plant 
facility is on the drawing boards. This new building will be devoted exclusively to the 
manufacture of biological and medical supplies, where quality control and 
ultra-cleanliness are vitally important. At present, such bio-medical supplies are 
manufactured in a specially sealed-off portion of the existing plant. Mr. Lail explains that 
this "clean room" operation excludes any foreign matter from the manufacturing area, 
since normal sterilization before use in hospitals and laboratories does not remove 
particulates which could easily cause malfunction of these delicate and often life-saving 
devices. Each employee working in this area wears special clothing, including shoe 
covers, robes and hair nets, and even the air is specially filtered and conditioned to 
remove any potential contaminants. 

Company officials and department managers include Mr. Lail, president; Charles 0. 
Allen, engineering manager; Don Wellington, sales and marketing manager; Charles L. 
Needham, materials and quality control manager; Andrew B. Phelps, production 
manager; and Elizabeth Cox, office manager. At present the plant is staffed by 85 
employees, and equipment ranges from a 15-ton, 1 ounce molding press to a giant 
700-ton, 70 ounce press. 












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The Goat Train 
1950 

142 



Post Office 

Mail service was slow and irregular during the early years. It was usually left to 
travelers and stage coach drivers to deliver the long awaited letters. However, by early 
1830 there was a definate system with post riders. Letters were delivered within two 
weeks within a reasonable distance. There were no stamps at this time and charges for a 
letter were made according to distances. Up to 30 miles the cost was 6 cents and the rate 
increased two cents for every fifty miles up to 450 miles which was 25 cents. All over this 
went for the same fee. 

During this time many people living around here used the Brower's Mill Post Office 
which had been established in 1828. Moffitt's Mills office was set up in 1838. Marley's 
Mill's service began in 1827. The office in Hill's Store served the Union area in 1832 and 
Uwharrie opened in 1840. 

Stamps were issued in 1845 at which time services were greatly improved. More 
offices were established for the convenience to the people. Cox's Mill on Little River 
installed a post office in 1846, Lassiter's Mill in 1848 and Stone Lick in 1849. Revenue to 
operate soon became scarce and by 1866 many of the newly opened offices such as Why 
Not (1860) had to be discontinued. Money was subsidized from the government to 
upgrade it again so part of them were reopened a few years later. Why Not was 
reinstated in 1877. 

The first post office in Seagrove opened in 1897 in the railroad depot. Tom Ellis was 
agent so he was also appointed postmaster. A Rural Free Delivery route was established 
about the turn of the century. Wincie and Jethro Harper carried it in a buggy pulled by a 
white horse. This ran through the Why Not Community for a total daily distance of 22 
miles. Letter could be posted and delivered the same day within the route. 

The Post Office remained in the depot until 1909 when Mattie Russell was appointed 
Postmistress. Then Henry Yow built an office on the northwest corner across from the 
depot that was used until 1914 when Frank Auman was appointed. He moved it to a small 
building beside the Dave Cornelison Store later establishing it in the front of his own 
store and the newly organized bank was in the back. 

The Post Office was moved with each new appointment for the Postal Department paid 
rent on the office and each person could decide where it could operate. J. D. Welch was 
appointed in 1920 and having duties in the hardware he moved it there where it would be 
more convenient for him to look after. Gard Richardson was installed after the death of 
Mr. Welch and the Post Office was moved back to the Henry Yow building on the corner. 
Mrs. Jewel Williams took it over in 1928 and remained in the corner office until 1941 
when it was removed to the old brick bank building. She retired in 1945 and John L. 
Kearns was appointed who served until 1954 when Alice Graves was installed. 

Claude Walker dispatched mail on route one after the Harpers for about six years then 
Hal Garner had it for over a year. Then Clyde Russell continued with it until 1955 when 
Clifton Boone was carrier. There was a Star Route to the Strieby area which was served 
by Oliver H. Callicutt and Grady Shaw. This was removed in 1953. Also during this time 
the New Hope section was being served from Seagrove by a Route Two, Will Scott 
carried this, then Jeff Moore. When Jimmy Walker, took charge this changed to Route 3 
coming out of Asheboro in 1938. 

In 1956 a brick structure was built by Hubert and A. R. Auman on the north side of the 
hardware and barber shop giving the Post Office a larger area. It had been rated as a 
third class office but now due to increased postal receipts was given a second class 
position. The present office was built in 1967 by Dewit King and Ivy Luck and is located 
on highway 220 one block north of the old one. It provides 254 boxes for local residents. 

143 



Two rural routes serve 4,480 patrons. Russel Macon, replacing Clifton Boone in 1974, 
delivers on route one in the Erect and Union Grove communities traveling 87 miles daily. 
Route two covers 107 miles including Steeds, Dover, Westmoore and Needham's Grove 
areas. This is delivered by Farrell Auman who began in 1947 delivering out of the Steeds 
Post Office. The Steeds office was discontinued to Seagrove in 1954 becoming route two. 
Vera W. Richardson has served as Clerk since 1943 and Ruth McKinzie was installed in 
1956. 

Stamp Rates 

1883-2 cents 1968 - 6 cents 

1932 - 3 cents 1971 - 8 cents 

1958 - 4 cents 1974 - 10 cents 

1963 - 5 cents 1975 - 13 cents 




Boyd King standing in front 
of the corner Post Office 



First Post Office 



Telephone 



The first telephone service in this immediate area was installed shortly before 1910. It 
was known as a subscription system for each subscriber received a telephone after they 
had paid a $25 fee, thus paying for the line as it was installed. Each patron paid $4 per 
year for upkeep. The line included the Why Not community and later extended into Erect. 
Then in about 1920 a line was run into the High Pines area. Another one was run down 
the highway connecting into a toll line of Candor. Long distance was obtained through 
Asheboro. The system worked by calling the central operator and having her to dial the 
number. All phones would ring as the call was put through. Each resident had a certain 
number of rings composed of longs and shorts which let the individual know when the 
call was meant for them. Minnie Stuart was the first operator, then Mary Muncey 
located in the Russell Williams home, Maggie Presnell and Blanche Parks. Central was 
always located in the home of the operator. 

As more telephones were installed and distances became greater, the lines became 
weaker. Also some subscribers would remove their receiver on all rings which further 
weakened the service. In 1937 Central Telephone Company ran a rural magnetic line out 
of Asheboro. However, the old neighborhood line remained active for several years. Part 
of this line was still in effect recently between the homes of Jack McKinzie, Clinton 
Auman and Clarence Cagle. Mr. Auman had been head of the local lines for many years. 

In 1950 a copper line replaced the old magnetic one giving better connections with a 
dial system. Later a completely new substation was built located directly behind the 
hardware store on South Street. When Central Telephone first installed their lines 67 
telephones were connected. In 1960 there was 128 and in 1970 there were 512. As of May 
25, 1976 there were 743 subscribers emjoying this service. 

144 




Soloman Williams' House 



Built In 1849 



Restored 1968 in Asheboro, N. C. 
By Walter and Vivian Bryant 






* in 





John Lucas House on Little River built before the Revolutionary War. This 
picture was taken in 1922 by Lisa Farlow. 



145 




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MONTGOMERY COUNTY. 



MOORE COUNTY 




MAP OF RANDOLH COUNTY, N. C. 



1895 



146 



POST OFFICES WITH DATES OF POSTMASTER APPOINTMENTS 

Randolph County, North Carolina 

From United States Official Postal Records, Washington, D. C. 

ALLENS STORE 

Joseph Allen - Appointed April 30, 1830 

P. 0. discontinued July 25, 1833 

ARCHDALE 

Allen J. Tomlinson - appointed March 25, 1887 

Herbert A. Tomlinson - appointed December 11, 1896 

Dougan C. Cox - appointed February 13, 1903 

Jesse W. Blair - appointed October 8, 1908 

Rufus C. Hassell - appointed January 27, 1921 

ACONITE 

Wilborn Luther - appointed September 1, 1890 

William M. Coble - appointed February 24, 1891 

James A. Spencer - appointed January 30, 1895 

Rocity J. Spencer - appointed March 31, 1905 

P. 0. discontinued April 18, 1908 - mail sent to SEAGROVE 

(see Cannon) 

ARCH 

Noah W. Cockman - appointed August 22, 1903 
John N. Maness - appointed June 29, 1904 
P. O. discontinued March 31, 1910 

ASHEBOROUGH COURT HOUSE 
Benjamin Elliott - appointed June 23, 1832 
John Ingram - appointed September 9, 1839 
Joseph A. Worth - appointed March 8, 1840 
John A. Craven - appointed April 8, 1846 
Joseph H. Brown - appointed June 11, 1851 

Matthew M. Troy - appointed October 18, 1853 

Thomas M. Moore - appointed April 29, 1854 

Lucy A. Baldwin - appointed October 4, 1854 

Lizzie A. Lawrence - appointed October 4, 1854 

Eugenia B. McCain - appointed November 15, 1866 

John S. Steed - appointed July 9, 1872 

Delia E. Moss - appointed August 9, 1872 

Delia E. Frazier - appointed November 9, 1874 

Mrs. Eugenia B. McCain - appointed September 27, 1886 

John D. Harden - appointed December 29, 1902 - order resc. Jan. 6, 1903 

Eugenia B. McCain - appointed October 10, 1903 

John M. Burrows - appointed June 2, 1908 

Ernest L. Auman - appointed November 29, 1913 

Romulus R. Ross - appointed June 16, 1914 

147 



name changed to Ashboro January 10, 1923 - later changed to ASHEBORO 
Ulysses G. Richardson - appointed June 30, 1922 
Frank M. Wright - appointed March 16, 1928 

NORTH ASHEBORO 

Joseph R. Hinshaw - appointed July 27, 1928 

BROWERS MILLS 

Alfred Brower - appointed February 12, 1828 

Nicholas Brower - appointed August 11, 1840 

Elick Moffitt - appointed August 23, 1847 

Alfred Brower - appointed April 8, 1854 

William K. Brower - appointed August 1, 1866 

Rufus A. Brower - appointed March 20, 1882 

Lonious L. Richardson - appointed January 14, 1896 

Dempsey Auman - appointed January 27, 1898 

Artemas Ward - appointed May 5, 1905 

P. O discontinued April 30, 1910 

BRUSH CREEK 

John Lambert - appointed May 26, 1846 
Thomas Brooks - appointed September 2, 1850 
Jesse Lambert - appointed August 19, 1857 
Robert Lambert - appointed April 28, 1873 
P. O. discontinued May 6, 1873 

BUFFALO FORD 

John Pope - appointed Febrary 27, 1850 

P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866 - reestablished Febrary 26, 1867 

Harmon T. Cox - appointed February 26, 1869 

P. O. discontinued February 23, 1872 - reestablished December 23, 1872 

Harmon T. Cox - appointed December 23, 1872 

Alfred T. Caviness - appointed April 29, 1873 

Issac F. Caviness - appointed December 22, 1873 

Mattie J. Caveness - appointed September 15, 1884 

Calvin G. Dorsett - appointed December 6, 1894 

P. 0. discontinued January 13, 1904 mail sent to Ramseur effective Jan. 30, 1904 

BURNEYS MILLS 

James J. Biston - appointed October 18, 1850 
Miss Nancy Burney - appointed February 9, 1866 
P. O. discontinued November 14, 1876 

BUSH HILL late BLAMINGTON in Guilford County 
Winship M. Wilson - appointed November 9, 1865 
Allen U. Tomlinson - appointed December 5, 1867 
William D. Tomlinson - appointed July 20, 1879 
Allen J. Tomlinson - appointed May 18, 1886 
changed to Archdale March 25, 1887 



148 



BALDWINS STORE 

Tryon M. Baldwin - appointed September 17, 1879 

H. D. Wright - appointed August 10, 1881 

P. O. discontinued October 6, 1881 

BINGHAM 

L. G. B. Gingham - appointed March 8, 1882 

changed to FLORA August, 1883 

BACHELOR CREEK 

Solomon Williams - appointed October 8, 1860 

P. 0. discontinued December 6, 1866 

BROWNS CROSS ROADS 

William Brown - appointed November 25, 1873 

P. O. discontinued August 2, 1890 mail sent to RANDLEMAN 

BROWNS STORE 

Ira C. Brown - appointed September 16, 1879 
Stanly S. Cox - appointed October 8, 1895 
Ira C. Brown - appointed January 21, 1896 
Eli Brown - appointed June 28, 1897 

BURGESS STORE 

William R. Burgess - appointed April 19, 1875 

P. 0. discontinued July 26, 1875 

BULLA 

Archie C. Bulla - appointed May 18, 1882 

H. H. Dougan - appointed June 4, 1895 

Coctor B. McCrary - appointed July 13, 1895 

Robert L. Clark - appointed April 12, 1899 

P. O. discontinued June 19, 1903 mail sent to CARAWAY 

BRUSWICK 

George P. Barker - appointed May 14, 1884 

Mill Alva Chamness - appointed November 25, 1884 

Martha C. Chamness - appointed January 13, 1886 

P. 0. discontinued July 18, 1903 mail sent to CLIMAX effective July 31, 1903 

BUNCH 

John Thompson - appointed February 27, 1888 

P. O. discontinued February 14, 1895 mail sent to FLORA 

Robert S. Garner - appointed July 26, 1895 

Madison S. Thompson - appointed October 25, 1901 

changed into Davidson County, N. C, November 30, 1901 

BOMBAY 

Pollie J. Ingram - appointed October 23, 1889 

Martha J. Ingram - appointed July 6, 1891 

149 



Frances L. Ingram - appointed January 17, 1913 

P. O. discontinued November 15, 1917 mail sent to PIPE 

BENNETT 

Bennett Kidd - appointed July 21, 1903 

P. O. discontinued August 25, 1904 mail sent to BOAZ 

CARAWAY 

Edwin D. Cosand - appointed October 4, 1845 
Penuel Wood - appointed December 23, 1847 
Simeon Jones - appointed February 15, 1849 
John A. Craves - appointed November 5, 1851 
Branson Briles - appointed August 10, 1856 
Simeon Jones - appointed August 19, 1856 
John A. Craven - appointed December 16. 1857 
Nathan Spencer - appointed August 14, 1858 
Emma A. Craven - appointed August 31, 1858 
John A. Craven - appointed December 24, 1859 
John I. Keerans - appointed July 20, 1860 
John A. Craven - appointed October 12, 1860 
Mrs. Mary Winslow - appointed April 25, 1866 
P. 0. discontinued August 9, 1869 
John F. Jarrell - appointed December 15, 1882 
Elwood N. Farlow - appointed January 28, 1893 
John F. Jarrell - appointed May 1, 1895 
Mrs. Ora E. Walker - appointed March 4, 1898 

COX'S MILLS 

Micajah Cox - appointed May 18, 1846 

P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866 

CEDAR FALLS 

James F. Marsh - appointed December 16, 1848 

Joseph H. Brown - appointed August 8, 1853 

William S. Marsh - appointed September 29, 1854 

John M. Odell - appointed June 10, 1857 

Henry B. Marley - appointed December 15, 1859 

J. F. S. Julian - appointed October 8, 1860 

P. O. discontinued December 6, 1860 

John J. Glass - appointed March 4, 1878 

Charles H. Sergeant - appointed November 14, 1887 

Issac L. Trogdon - appointed January 27, 1888 

Joseph J. Glass - appointed August 22, 1888 

Issac L. Trogdon - appointed July 17, 1889 

P. O discontinued June 2, 1892 mail sent to FRANKLINVILLE 

reinstated October 18, 1892 

Samuel Bristow - appointed October 18, 1892 

Ulysses C. Richardson - appointed July 6, 1898 

Montie Jennings - appointed August 14, 1901 

Nathan C. Hayes - appointed February 24, 1903 

150 



Daniel Allred - appointed May 9. 1907 
Solomon E. Ferree - appointed July 3, 1908 
Joseph F. Lane - appointed December 15, 1908 
Jennie Ferree - appointed June 15, 1910 
James R. Lutterloh - appointed July 6, 1911 
Charles W. Hilliard - appointed January 27, 1912 
Percy L. Bostick - appointed December 28, 1914 
Clyde C. Redding - appointed October 2, 1916 

COLES MILLS 

Mary E. Bray - appointed August 22, 1871 
Thomas F. Ward - appointed September 6, 1875 
John M. Fox - appointed February 3, 1876 
Laton F. Paschal - appointed February 18, 1878 
Quiins F. Kirkman - appointed June 25, 1878 
Atlas G. Phillips - appointed July 15, 1878 
Samuel R. Craven - appointed September 16, 1880 

COLE'S STORE 

Thomas C. Russell - appointed January 14, 1876 
Daniel H. Lambert - appointed June 10, 1878 
James E. Spencer - appointed February 16, 1911 
Wiley F. Lambert - appointed April 25, 1917 
James E. Spencer - appointed January 20, 1928 

COLUMBIA FACTORY 

William R. Burgess - appointed March 4, 1879 
Miss Artilia Lane - appointed October 20, 1881 
Mrs. Sarah Free - appointed July 19, 1886 

COVENANT 

Calvin H. Rush - appointed August 8, 1888 

changed to HOOVER HILL March 9, 1891 

CHEEKS 

Samuel R. Craven - appointed January 20, 1881 
William P. Lane - appointed March 7, 1884 
Henry T. Caviness - appointed February 5, 1886 

CAPE 

Jacob R. Parks - appointed June 28, 1886 

CLIMAX 

late RED CROSS, now in Guilford County, N. C. 

James R. Hutton - appointed March 9, 1891 

CENTRAL FALLS 

Alfred M. Diffee - appointed November 20, 1882 
Alexander C. McAlister - appointed October 28, 1885 
James S. McAlister - appointed December 16, 1889 

151 



Edwin H. Morris - appointed July 6, 1898 

Claudius S. Morris - appointed October 10, 1899 

William P. Conners - appointed April 2, 1903 

P. O. discontinued December 24, 1906 mail to Randleman effective Jan. 

William P. Conner - appointed December 18, 1922 

Claude R. Allred - appointed August 14, 1928 

Bessie Rollins - appointed February 17, 1928 

COLERIDGE 

James A. Cole - appointed June 28, 1886 

Addison K. Scotten - appointed November 26, 1902 

Addison K. Scotten - appointed December 15, 1902 

Jonnie M. Caveness - appointed April 9, 1914 

Robert L. Caveness - appointed March 2, 1915 

Mrs. Clatie Brooks - appointed November 29, 1922 

W. B. Martin - appointed April 5, 1929 

Garland W. Allen - appointed March 8, 1930 

CROTTS 

William L. Crotts - appointed November 24, 1902 

P. O. discontinued December 23, 1903 mail sent to TRINITY 

COX 

James F. Delk - appointed September 22, 1899 

P. O. discontinued December 15, 1911 mail sent to JACKSON CREEK 

CORLETO 

James A. Ridge - appointed November 23, 1901 

P. O. discontinued April 18, 1908 mail sent to CARAWAY 

CANNON 

Martha Trogdon - appointed April 14, 1908 
P. O. discontinued June 15, 1909 
(See Aconite) 

CHEEKS 

Mary O. Lowdermilk - appoint August 3, 1897 

Mary O. Brown - appointed April 7, 1900 

(see page 5 for earlier dated 

Alfred S. Brady - appointed November 30, 1903 

Manly E. Hammer - appointed December 14, 1905 

Wesley A. Ward - appointed December 4, 1907 

John A. Ward - appointed September 18, 1909 

CHEEKS MILLS 

Josiah Cheek - appointed October 3, 1857 
Silas S. Moffitt - appointed January 16, 1860 
P. O. discontinued May 22, 1860 



152 



DEWEY 

William M. Coble - appointed June 25, 1898 

Joel Hammond - appointed January 23, 1899 

P. O. discontinued April 30, 1911 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

DERRICK 

Emma L. Williams - appointed April 12, 1902 

P. 0. discontinued January 10, 1906 mail sent to COLE'S STORE 

DEFIANCE 

Benjamin F. Miller - appointed July 9, 1888 

Edward I. Miller - appointed January 29, 1898 

P. O. discontinued December 4, 1902 mail sent to MAUDE 

Robert Laughlin - appointed March 28, 1903 

John M. Floyd - appointed June 5, 1903 

P. O. discontinued February 17, 1906 mail sent to TRINITY 

EDEN 

Dewitt C. Johnson - appointed August 27, 1849 

John C. Andrews - appointed August 11, 1852 

Hezekiah Andrews - appointed August 14, 1855 

John C. Andrews - appointed April 23, 1866 

Julia Andrews - appointed April 12, 1899 

Millard F. Briles - appointed September 8, 1899 

P. O. discontinued May 31, 1905 mail sent to THOMASVILLE 

EMPIRE formerly HEART 

William R. Brown - appointed March 8, 1882 

Simon E. Allen - appointed September 9, 1895 

P. O. discontinued March 29, 1906 mail sent to ASHEBORO 

ERECT 

Thomas B. Tysor - appointed May 21, 1883 

Charles M. Tysor - appointed May 7, 1914 

P. O. discontinued March 30, 1935 mail sent to BENNETT. Later to Rt. 1, Seagrove, N. C. 

ELEAZER 

Greenbery B. Saunders - appointed July 31, 1883 
Green B. Saunders - appointed August 28, 1883 
Mary I. Luther - appointed November 2, 1886 
Archibald C. Varner - appointed November 1, 1890 
James W. Luther - appointed September 10, 1892 
Rosa Luther - appointed June 10, 1931 

EDGAR 

S. Frank Wall - appointed March 29, 1892 

Elias E. Spencer - appointed July 27, 1900 

Cornelius S. Spencer - appointed February 13, 1905 

Ora A. Loflin - appointed April 2, 1918 

Gwen Loflin - appointed April 14, 1921 

P. O. discontinued August 31, 1922 mail sent to SOPHIA 

153 



FARMERS name changed May 23, 1898 to FARMER 

Ransom H. Skeen - appointed March 11, 1875 

James C. Skeen - appointed July 10, 1878 reappointed Jan. 13, 1886 

Emily K. Skeen - appointed March 15, 1886 

Nathan W. Newby - appointed July 9, 1894 

Julius F. Homey - appointed March 18, 1898 

William E. Kearns - appointed August 3, 1904 

Gideon Macon - appointed March 6, 1907 

Robert W. Dorsett - appointed August 23, 1918 

Arlindo L. Hill - appointed March 13, 1922 

Percy C. Morgan - appointed September 7, 1927 



FOUST'S MILLS 

Henry M. Foust - appointed January 12, 1858 

P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866 reinstated December 14, 1866 

Mrs. Mary Houghton - appointed December 14, 1866 

Margaret S. Gray - appointed September 9, 1868 

Jeremiah L. Bray - appointed August 9, 1881 

Edwin I. Whitehead - appointed June 10, 1891 

P. O. discontinued September 14, 1903 mail sent to COLERIDGE 



FRANKLINVILLE 

Alexander S. Homey - appointed June 26, 1840 
John H. Foster - appointed June 5, 1848 
Alexander S. Homey - appointed October 9, 1848 
Matthew S. Henley - appointed June 6, 1849 
William Millis - appointed March 4, 1852 
James C. Skeen - appointed October 18, 1855 
Lonnie Curtis - appointed September 21, 1856 
Dennis Curtis - appointed September 23, 1856 
Emsley Burgess - appointed February 23, 1866 
John S. Ritter - appointed April 10, 1885 
Alfred H. Burgess - appointed April 27, 1889 
John S. Koilter - appointed July 13, 1893 
Samuel E. Teague - August 12, 1895 
Thaddeus G. Fraley - appointed July 8, 1895 
Joseph N. Ellison - appointed June 2, 1898 
Lewis F. Fentriss - appointed April 10, 1914 
Fernie L. Ellison - June 4, 1924 
McForest Cheek - appointed October 22, 1927 

FORK CREEK 

Eli E. Luck - appointed September 25, 1860 

P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866 

Graham Lowdermilk - appointed September 16, 1879 

Emsley Lowdermilk - appointed October 10, 1879 

Henry Bean - appointed March 21, 1898 

P. O. discontinued March 11, 1905 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

154 



FLOWER HILL 

John A. Allen - appointed October 15, 1877 

Daniel C. Brown - appointed September 20, 1880 

Allen Scott - appointed December 28, 1882 

John S. Ridge - appointed January 28, 1882 

Allen Scott - appointed April 12, 1892 

Sarah C. Scott - appointed September 11, 1900 

P. O. discontinued May 29, 1907 mail sent to BROWN 

FLORA 

Lorenzo G. B. Bingham - appointed August 6, 1883 

Ninevah C. Ridge - appointed August 20, 1912 

P. O. discontinued June 30, 1914 mail sent to FARMER 

FULLERS late HOOVERHILL 

Albert W. Fuller - appointed February 6, 1891 

James C. Loflin - appointed February 3, 1909 

FRENCH 

Dennis J. Johnson - appointed March 10, 1903 

P. O. discontinued March 11, 1905 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

GARDNERS STORE name changed to NEW MARKET October 26, 1835 
Sidney Porter - appointed April 26, 1827 
Joseph Newlin - appointed November 8, 1832 

GRAY'S CROSS ROADS changed to SCIENCE HILL February 10, 1854 
Alexander S. Gray - appointed July 20, 1848 

GLADESBOROUGH changed June 11, 1891 to GLADESBORO 

John B. Chilcutt - appointed May 18, 1858 

James W. Lyndon - appointed February 13, 1866 

Francis Jane Lyndon - appointed March 9, 1866 

Hugh L. Gray - appointed October 29, 1867 

George S. Gossett - appointed August 31, 1862 

John S. Gray - appointed November 9, 1870 

John Walton - appointed December 12, 1871 

P. O. discontinued October 7, 1872 reinstated November 19, 1872 

William E. Coffin - appointed November 19, 1872 

William C. Kennedy - appointed April 15, 1875 

John A. Coltrane - appointed December 16, 1884 

Hiram C. Swaim - appointed November 26, 1887 

Franklin G. Frazier - appointed June 11, 1891 

Hiram D. Swaim - appointed March 24, 1894 

Franklin G. Frazier - appointed August 1, 1898 

P. O. discontinued June 17, 1904 mail sent to HIGH POINT 

GRAY'S CHAPEL changed August 3, 1894 to GRAY CHAPEL 
Persilar A. Routh - appointed June 17, 1875 
W. M. Routh - appointed August 18, 1876 
Julia Routh - appointed April 7, 1891 
Albert G. Hough - appointed August 3, 1894 

155 



Joseph A. Routh - appointed May 10, 1900 

P. O. discontinued November 5, 1904 mail sent to MILLBORO 

GELNOLA 

J. A. White - appointed May 10, 1876 

Isaac A. White - appointed May 19, 1876 

Lyndon White - appointed February 13, 1880 

Eugene Davis - appointed May 13, 1896 

P. O. discontinued January 2, 1897 mail sent to PROGRESS 

William H. Brewer - appointed September 26, 1901 

P. O. discontinued May 31, 1923 mail sent to HIGH POINT 

HILL'S STORE 

Samuel Hill - appointed September 1, 1832 

Nathan B. Hill - appointed June 15, 1853 

Samuel B. Hill - appointed June 15, 1855 

George W. Murdoch - appointed May 26, 1860 

Mrs. Susannah L. Keerns - appointed February 14, 1866 

Samuel A. Henley - appointed December 19, 1866 

Willaim R. Lewis - appointed June 13, 1873 

Corinna M. Lewis - appointed October 21, 1874 

William R. Lewis - appointed December 11, 1878 

C. H. Lewis - appointed March 18, 1880 

Milton J. Hill - appointed December 7, 1881 

Milton H. Hill - appointed December 21, 1887 

William R. Lewis - appointed August 19, 1895 

Samuel M. Lewis - appointed February 12, 1907 

P. O. discontinued August 30, 1924 mail sent to MECHANIC 

HONE FACTORY 

Hammer Allen - appointed December 29, 1830 
Hezekiah Clark - appointed September 17, 1833 
P. O. discontinued May 30, 1835 

HEART changed to EMPIRE 

William R. Brown - appointed August 4, 1880 

HOYLE 

John F. Laughlin - appointed June 23, 1886 

Joseph E. Ward - appointed May 12, 1898 

Dehew N. Crouch - appointed March 31, 1905 

P. O. discontinued November 8, 1905 mail sent to RANDLEMAN 

HOOVER HILL 

Joseph A. McDowell - appointed July 10, 1849 
Ninevah Rush - appointed March 12, 1852 
H. W. B. Prevo - appointed June 25, 1856 
Ninevah Rush - appointed October 8, 1858 
Lettie J. Rush - appointed February 23, 1866 
Nelson M. Crow - appointed January 10, 1867 

156 



Joseph H. Rush - appointed March 19, 1868 

Eugenia A. Redding - appointed February 19, 1869 

John C. Hoover - appointed December 20, 1870 

P. O. discontinued October 31, 1876 reinstated December 7, 1876 

Benjamin F. Rush - appointed December 7, 1876 

Samuel A. Hoover - appointed October 12, 1889 

Albert W. Fuller - appointed December 11, 1889 

Name changed to FULLERS February 6, 1891 reinstated 

Thomas H. Redding - appointed March 9, 1891 

Joseph Parkin - appointed May 5, 1898 

Maria Wren - appointed December 4, 1899 

P. O. discontinued April 8, 1907 mail sent to CARAWAY 

HOLLY 

William H. Parker - appointed April 15, 1899 

P. 0. discontinued April 30, 1909 

HOGKETT 

William H. Allred - appointed August 3, 1900 

P. O. discontinued mail sent to CLIMAX July 18, 1903 

HENLY 

Charles C. Cheek - appointed March 13, 1909 

P. O. discontinued January 31, 1910 

INSTITUTE changed to NORMAL COLLEGE June 1852 
John L. Brown - appointed January 29, 1850 

JONE'S MINE 

P. Arnold - appointed August 23, 1853 

John K. Lamb - appointed December 17, 1854 

Jonathan L. Sullivan - appointed June 9, 1854 

Bishop Hix - appointed December 15, 1855 

P. 0. discontinued December 11, 1866 reinstated December 20, 1870 

Hannah L. Arnold - appointed February 13, 1877 

P. O. discontinued September 9, 1868 

JULIAN late Guilford County, N. C. 

Mrs. Eva L. Whitaker - appointed April 14, 1914 

JACKSON'S CREEK 

Wyatt Nance - appointed August 10, 1859 

Marand J. Nance - appointed June 6, 1866 

Joel C. Ragan - appointed January 10, 1870 

Jesse Joins - appointed September 2, 1871 

John H. Johnson - appointed January 6, 1875 

P. O. discontinued January 13, 1876 reinstated January 18, 1876 

Joel C. Ragan - February 8, 1876 

Elsavan B. Nance - appointed July 10, 1883 

Henry C. Nancy Jr. - appointed February 4, 1884 

Moses N. Morgan - appointed July 29, 1901 

157 



Ida Delk - appointed December 10, 1912 
Clarence C. Ridge - appointed March 22, 1924 

KEMPS MILLS 

Wiley M. Smith - appointed June 19, 1874 

Nathan Parker - appointed September 8, 1876 

Jeremiah S. Cox - appointed February 26, 1883 

Mrs. Nancy L. Leonard - appointed September 14, 1886 

Rosa E. Thornburg - appointed March 26, 1903 

Charlie E. Brown - February 18, 1908 

John W. Brown - March 7, 1912 

Charlie E. Brown - appointed February 6, 1914 

KANOY 

Orlendo Chrisco - appointed March 28, 1903 

Evelyn Moffitt - August 31, 1906 

Kate Moffitt - February 14, 1909 

P. 0. discontinued March 15, 1921 mail sent to BENNETT 

KILDEE 

William H. York - appointed December 10, 1886 

P. 0. discontinued February 14, 1905 mail sent to RAMSEUR 

LA GRANGE 

Thomas McRorie - July 25, 1832 
Clinton Johnson - May 15, 1835 
Alexander W. Hogan - December 19, 1840 
DeWitt C. Johnson - November 25, 1842 
John C. Dorsett - May 2, 1849 
Nathaniel D. Bain - December 26, 1851 
Dempsey Brown - October 27, 1853 
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866 

LANESVELLE 

Joseph B. Lane - January 11, 1832 

P. O. discontinued January 6, 1844 

LONG'S MILLS changed to LIBERTY December 5, 1884 (see Liberty) 

Mary W. Long - no date 

Osmond F. Long - January 5, 1833 

John Long Jr. - March 2, 1835 

Benjamin A. Sellars - August 22, 1857 

Mrs. Mary Long - March 3, 1873 

John W. Staley - August 3, 1882 

Alexander Mclver - August 17, 1882 

Mrs. Parthena A. Phillips - March 6, 1884 

William M. Burgess - June 9, 1884 

LASSITER'S MILLS changed March 24, 1894 to LASSITER 
Sarah Lassiter - July 20, 1848 

158 



Emsley Lassiter - June 30, 1857 

Mrs. Dorcas Parthenia Luther - February 23, 1866 

Alexander G. Murdock - March 24, 1894 

P. 0. discontinued May 15, 1911 mail sent to BOMBAY reinstated 

Mrs. Dora Carter - December 28, 1914 

Mrs. Ghrissie E. Melton - July 25, 1916 

LEVEL PLAINS 

John Farlow Jr. - December 10, 1875 

Sophronia Farlow - January 27, 1879 

David Farlow - February 5, 1886 

P. 0. discontinued August 9,' 1906 mail sent to RANDLEMAN 

LEVEL CROSS 

Romulus R. Ross - May 4, 1876 

William Franklin Brown - October 20, 1879 

Myrtle Causey - June 15, 1904 

P. 0. discontinued July 29, 1904 mail sent to RANDLEMAN 

LIBERTY 

Mrs. Ladisky Jane Troy - January 9, 1884 
Miss Lucritia D. Ledbetter - March 3, 1886 
James F. Pickett - May 23, 1889 
Martha J. Pickett - September 15. 1892 
William J. Stalye - September 9, 1893 
James F. Pickett - January 7, 1898 
James R. Smith - April 9, 1914 
Julia M. Smith - December 16, 1916 
William N. Hanner - March 18, 1919 
Otis P. Brown - April 13, 1922 

LYLTON 

William L. Nance - May 3, 1888 

Benjamin F. Parris - September 23, 1895 

William J. Cashatt - January 27, 1898 

P. 0. discontinued April 16, 1906 mail sent to FULLERS 

MARLEY' S MILLS 

Thomas Marley - January 22, 1827 

Mrs. Lavina Marley - June 15, 1866 

John F. Kemp - October 11, 1866 

Benjamin F. Marley - April 23, 1867 

P. 0. discontinued May 14, 1868 reinstated June 11, 1875 

George C. Underwood - June 11, 1875 

George T. Marley - November 7, 1903 

Elizabeth Thompson - December 29, 1903 

P. O. discontinued September 8, 1905 mail sent to RAMSEUR 

MOFFITT'S MILLS changed to MOFFITT June 15, 1895 
Charles Moffitt - no date - reappointed May 15, 1837 
Thomas C. Moffitt - July 20, 1838 

159 



William D. Moffitt - July 25, 1854 
Hugh T. Moffitt - October 11, 1858 
William B. Maness - August 1, 1866 
Hugh T. Moffitt - June 3, 1873 
Lee Brady - May 31, 1890 
John M. Caveness - June 15, 1895 
Gurney Cox - May 26, 1899 
Joseph T. Lambert - April 28, 1911 
Fletcher P. Stout - April 22, 1925 

MILL CREEK 

Adam Brown - September 25, 1860 

P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866 

MULLEN 

Vandelia E. Jones - May 31, 1894 

P. O. discontinued January 2, 1903 mail sent to LIBERTY 

MICHFIELD 

William W. Harper - December 23, 1897 

John M. Presnell - April 27, 1898 

Marion J. Presnell - June 21, 1898 

P. O. discontinued October 31, 1913 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

MURROW 

Jesse H. Skeen - July 28, 1900 

P. O. discontinued July 18, 1903 mail sent to CLIMAX 

MABERRY 

Victor Parker - July 9, 1915 

P. O. discontinued May 31, 1918 mail sent to JACKSONS CREEK 

MARTHA 

Ivy C. Nance - January 8, 1894 

Richard C. Johnson - March 20, 1900 

Pearl L. Shaw - July 7, 1908 

Richard C. Johnson - May 1, 1911 

R. Lindsay Sykes - June 9, 1913 

P. O. discontinued January 15, 1916 mail sent to BOMBAY 

MELANCHTHON 

David T. Offman - April 17, 1894 

P. O. discontinued December 11, 1901 mail sent to RANDLEMAN 

MECHANIC 

Eli N. Howard - September 5, 1884 

William N. Bingham - May 5, 1924 

P. O. discontinued November 17, 1931 mail sent to FARMER 

160 



MAUD 

Flarence E. Fray - April 28, 1884 

Nannie L. G. Gray - July 7, 1885 

Thomas L. Winslow - April 27, 1887 

Gaither E. Elder - January 3, 1896 

James R. Winslow - May 26, 1903 

P. O. discontinued December 23, 1903 mail sent to TRINITY 

MATAMA 

Sarah E. Pugh - December 17, 1890 

P. 0. discontinued August 11, 1891 mail sent to WOODFORD 

MILLBORO 

Oliver F. Cox - August 3, 1887 

Rheim W. Pugh - August 31, 1893 

John C. Coltrane - November 29, 1901 

Joseph A. Redding - December 5, 1903 

Gertrude M. Pugh - April 9, 1914 

Gertrude M. P. Wood - January 20, 1915 

NIXON'S 

Phineas Nixon Jr. - no date - resppointed May 23, 1837 

P. O. discontinued March 18, 1843 

NEW MARKET late GARDNERS STORE 
Joseph Newlin - October 26, 1835 
Newton Newlin - October 17, 1865 
Emily B. Newlin - November 22, 1865 
Duncan Newlin - January 8, 1867 
P. 0. discontinued June 15, 1909 

NEW SALEM see also SALEM 

Seth Hinshaw - October 17, 1826 

Jesse Hinshaw - January 2, 1833 

William Clark - March 25, 1843 

Barzilla G. Worth - January 13, 1847 

William L. Elliott - March 11, 1850 

Charles H. Woolen - February 4, 1853 

Noah G. Jarrell - April 22, 1853 

Manlef Jarrell - October 26, 1859 

Fernando N. Ingold - December 20, 1865 

Josephine A. Ingold - January 14, 1868 

Eli P. Hayes - March 18, 1891 

Cornelia M. Caudle - June 21, 1895 

George Wall - June 25, 1902 

P. 0. discontinued August 9, 1906 mail sent to RANDLEMAN 

NEW PORT 

Hiram C. Davis - April 1, 1856 

P. O. discontinued July 9, 1859 

161 



NORMAL COLLEGE changed to TRINITY COLLEGE February 15, 1869 
Martin S. Leach - June 1, 1852 

NEW HOPE ACADEMY 
Lorenzo D. Andrews - October 10, 1859 
Mrs. Julia A. Phillips - June 6, 1866 
Rebecca J. Miller - February 14, 1867 
Miss Eliza Sikes - October 30, 1867 
Sarnirah Cranford - August 4, 1871 
Mrs. Mollie L. Webb - March 8, 1880 
Etta Varner - January 29, 1900 
Addie Chandler - March 2, 1911 
James B. Lanier - December 1, 1928 
James M. Chandler - August 10, 1929 

PAGE'S STATION 

James Page - March 31, 1858 

Jesse D. Tucker - November 10, 1858 

P. O. discontinued March 26, 1859 

PISGAH 

James A. Newsom - November 23, 1876 

Miss Tabitha Lucas - September 16, 1878 

Lula Cox - November 30, 1894 

Mary R. Cagle - August 28, 1901 

Lula Cox - June 2, 1902 

PLANTERS 

William H. Foust - August 9, 1880 

P. O. discontinued June 29, 1895 mail sent to RAMSEUR 

PINSON 

Wilson Hill - October 9, 1890 

Charlie H. Cranford - January 26, 1925 

P. O. discontinued September 14, 1929 mail sent to COMPLEX 

PROGRESS 

George G. Hendricks - September 5, 1884 

Joseph F. Clark - January 9, 1895 

Edward E. Pugh - April 21, 1897 

S. T. Hall - August 9, 1901 

Robert S. M. Blair - December 15, 1902 

William N. Elder - May 22, 1909 

Edward C. Blair - December 5, 1911 

P. O. discontinued May 15, 1924 mail sent to TRINITY 

PRIM 

Boudinot S. Loney - October 2, 1886 
Josiah Remfry - April 4, 1887 
moved May 28, 1887 to STRIEBY 
James G. Parks - March 21, 1888 

162 



PINE 

Marcus L. Wood - July 3, 1903 

P. 0. discontinued April 16, 1906 mail sent to FULLERS 

POST OAK 

Levi B. Los - June 28, 1892 

P. O. discontinued February 16, 1897 mail sent to SAWYERSVILLE 

PIPE 

Florence Luther - September 5, 1912 

QUININE 

Frances Yow - November 24, 1890 

John R. Trogdon - July 9, 1891 

Wincie C. Harper - October 15, 1897 

P. O. discontinued January 31, 1921 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

REYNOLDS MILLS 

John Branson - February 2, 1833 

P. O. discontinued June 6, 1838 

RAYSVILLE 

Presley Ray - March 5, 1839 

P. O. discontinued June 6, 1838 

REED CREEK changed to COLUMBIA FACTORY March 2, 1879 

Isaac H. Foust - September 22, 1849 

Isiah S. Robins - October 15, 1860 

Isaac H. Foust - April 16, 1861 

Joseph Reece - April 17, 1866 

Mrs. Mary J. Foust - August 20, 1866 

RICHLAND CREEK 

Levi Cox - September 25, 1860 

P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866 

RED CROSS changed to CLIMAX March 9, 1891 
James Ledbetter - October 21, 1875 
Mrs. Ella E. Field - February 5, 1886 
James R. Hutton - April 6, 1888 

RILE'S STORE 

James M. Riley - September 16, 1879 

Henry C. Riley - October 20, 1882 

Nathan R. Morris - January 31, 1901 

Gilbert Tucker - November 13, 1903 

Thomas L. Sikes - May 10, 1916 

Robert S. Lanies - April 7, 1920 

Ada L. Lanier - November 14, 1924 

P. O. discontinued March 31, 1925 mail sent to DENTON 

163 



RANDLEMAN 

John H. Ferree - July 11, 1881 

Walter P. Brooks - April 10, 1885 

James M. Millikan - June 17, 1889 

James T. Bostick - May 19, 1893 

Joseph A. Ivey - June 28, 1897 

Luren D. Mendenhall - November 22, 1902 

A. N. Bulla - June 18, 1913 

Wiley F. Talley - January 21, 1922 

Malpheus F. Hinshaw - March 23, 1922 

REITZEL 

George W. Wrightsell - May 1, 1894 

John C. Coltrane - December 5, 1895 

P. O. discontinued July 25, 1898 mail sent to SOAPSTONE MOUNT 

RANDOLPH 

William H. Rush - July 12, 1888 

Andrew S. Bush - June 15, 1903 

P. O. discontinued April 16, 1907 mail sent to CARAWAY 

RALPH 

Solomon A. Hay worth - May 28, 1886 

James M. Allen - March 19, 1892 

Abel C. Cox - November 26, 1894 

P. O. discontinued March 14, 1914 mail sent to ASHEBORO 

RACHEL 

James B. Hill - March 1, 1890 

Rachel C. Hill - November 24, 1891 

Elmer V. Hix - March 26, 1914 

P. O. discontinued December 15, 1926 mail sent to LASSITER 

RAMSEUR 

Mrs. Sarah C. Free - February 20, 1889 

Thomas H. Lutterloh - January 14, 1891 

William C. Stout - June 25, 1891 

Edwin B. Leonard - September 22, 1893 

George M. Kimrey - August 28, 1897 

John D. Heardon - January 6, 1903 rescinded August 31, 1903 

Charlie G. Foushee - May 5, 1914 

George H. Hodgin - December 31, 1921 

SANDY CREEK 

George Brown or Brower - April 25, 1837 
Daniel Walker - December 22, 1848 
Simpson C. Fox - March 29, 1852 
Thomas Crouse - April 17, 1858 
Sampson C. Fox - September 18, 1858 
Aaron York - May 17, 1866 
Shubel York - August 19, 1873 

164 



Aaron York - November 18, 1873 

Joseph M. Reese - February 20, 1883 

P. O. discontinued October 19, 1883 mail sent to TROYS STORE 

SALEM CHURCH 

Frederick Garner - August 8, 1840 

Emsley Beckerdite - October 14, 1847 

Miss Sallie E. Mickerditey - March 26, 1867 

Miss Rozanne Keearns - March 26, 1867 

Nannie M. Nance - June 9, 1913 

P. O. discontinued June 15, 1918 mail sent to FARMER 

SAWYERSVILLE 

Eli P. Miller - June 19, 1849 

William Dougan - January 5, 1851 

John H. Cougan - September 2, 1856 

William McK. Dougan - January 25, 1866 

William A. Dougan - January 13, 1873 

Robert M. Walker - January 2, 1877 

Zebedd F. Rush - July 11, 1883 

Joseph C. Bulla - July 8, 1895 

James M. Walker - December 15, 1896 

P. O. discontinued September 16, 1902 mail sent to ASHEBORO 

STONE LICK 

Randall Presnall - June 14, 1849 

Jesse D. Cox - December 6, 1852 

W. Ward Verden Jr. - August 3, 1854 

Jesse D. Cox - November 6, 1857 

James Lathem - March 16, 1859 

P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866 

SCIENCE HILL 

John Hammond - February 10, 1854 

Matthew M. Troy - June 19, 1856 

Thomas McDaniel - February 7, 1860 

Lorenzo D. Moody - May 26, 1860 

Jonathan Parker - February 4, 1867 

Benjamin W. Brookshire - July 7, 1868 

William Brewer - June 7, 1871 

William J. Ridge - February 15, 1875 

John W. Ridge - December 22. 1879 

William H. Parker - July 12, 1889 

Mary J. McDaniels - May 16, 1893 

John H. McDaniels - July 29, 1895 

P. O. discontinued May 11, 1905 mail sent to HOLLY 

SOAPSTONE MOUNT 

Lewis F. McMasters - July 16, 1853 

P. O. discontinued October 20, 1860 reinstated December 13, 1860 

Solomon Holt - December 13, 1860 

165 



P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866 reinstated May 23, 1873 

James W. Cox - May 23, 1873 

Hamilton or or Hampton L. Kimrey - August 24, 1874 

David C. Holt - May 17, 1900 

P. O. discontinued December 11, 1901 mail sent to LIBERTY 

STRIEBY changed to RACHEL March 1, 1890 

Alfred I. Walden - May 31, 1883 

James B. Hill - March 7, 1884 

Elenora W. Walden - May, 1891 

STRIEBY 

Henry R. Walden - August 26, 1893 

Lina S. McLeon - December 30, 1907 

Elijah Shaw - July 24, 1908 

Walter H. Parks - August 3, 1911 

Elijah A. Shaw - January 17, 1913 

Calvin W. Shaw - January 3, 1920 

STALEY 

John W. Siler - April 9, 1884 
Calvin G. Frazier - April 27, 1889 
James W. Cox - June 23, 1893 
Calvin G. Frazier - January 7, 1898 
Robert L. Williams - January 30, 1908 
Walter L. Robson - March 4, 1911 
Judge T. Warren - April 29, 1914 
Walter L. Robson - September 5, 1923 
Velma C. Allred - July 10, 1925 
Kimber T. Andrew - January 20, 1928 

SOL 

Elzie B. Johnson - May 18, 1906 

P. O. discontinued October 15, 1917 mail sent to PIPE 

SPOKANE 

Jesse E. Yount - February 20, 1907 

Robert E. Baldwin - December 14, 1907 

James S. Macon - November 21, 1910 

P. O. discontinued September 14, 1918 mail sent to KANOY 

SEAGROVE 

Thomas S. Ellis - October 20, 1897 
Mattie L. Russell - July 24, 1909 
Franklin Auman - April 9, 1914 
Jefferson D. Welch - December 30, 1920 
Stephen G. Richardson - January 14, 1923 
Mrs. Jewel R. Williams - January 16, 1928 
John L. Kearns - November 21, 1945 
Alice Graves - December 15, 1954 

SPERO name changed to NORTH ASHEBORO February 1, 1930 
Thomas B. Hogan - December 6, 1889 

166 



Joshua A. Bean - November 3, 1891 

M. F. Snider - May 20, 1896 

Thomas D. Hardin - August 26. 1897 

James A. Lamb - February 19, 1901 

Ida C. Nelson - November 13, 1901 

Charles D. Harden - May 5, 1905 

Addison E. Pritchard - September 18, 1905 

Myrtle Millikan - December 19, 1911 

Frances E. Bulla - May 6, 1914 

Mrs. Maude Underwood - April 6, 1923 

Joseph R. Hinshaw - July 27, 1928 

SOPHIA 

Stephen W. Kivett - March 14, 1891 
Stephen Kivett Jr. - June 6, 1892 
James M. Johnson - March 27, 1897 
Jesse J. Harper - September 14, 1900 
Cyrena A. Gray - August 1901 
George F. Chandler - April 13, 1905 
Isaac M. Russell - April 30, 1907 
Daniel R. Bulla - February 24, 1917 
Edna P. Lyndon - July 1, 1918 
Daniel R. Bulla - October, 1918 

TRUE 

Joel Ashworth - September 18, 1889 

P. 0. discontinued July 31, 1890 mail sent to SCIENCE HILL 

TROYS STORE changed to LIBERTY January 9, 1884 

John B. Troy - May 24, 1826 reappointed May 3, 1837 

James W. Brower - June 15, 1855 

Mrs. Sarah Ann Bane - January 22, 1866 

Leonard Wright - December 2, 1873 

P. 0. discontinued December 22, 1873 reinstated May 23, 1874 

Leonard Wright - June 23, 1874 

Thad L. Troy - January 12, 1876 

Mrs. L. Jane Troy - January 31, 1876 

TRINITY COLLEGE changed to TRINITY June 7, 1894 

Martin S. Leach - February 15, 1859 

Malcom Shaw - March 12, 1859 

Mrs. Charity G. Shaw - November 6, 1865 

Mrs. Cornelia Z. Leach - December 20, 1866 

Amanda Leach - May 23, 1898 

James J. White - May 8, 1906 

Isaac R. Payne - April 9, 1914 

Jesse L. Phillips - July 10, 1914 

Allen B. Coltrane - December 11, 1930 



167 



ULAH 

Manly R. Moffitt - October 21, 1889 

Irving T. Cox - June 26, 1908 

Rupert H. Freeman - February 19, 1914 

UHAREE 

William Lassiter - November 3, 1840 

P. O. discontinued July 8, 1844 

VICARAGE 

Jesse Bray - June 13, 1836 

P. 0. discontinued January 6, 1844 

VELNA 

Lorenzo D. Leonard - December 20, 1893 

P. 0. discontinued December 30, 1916 mail sent to BENNETT 

WHITE HOUSE 

Benjamin Brookshire - July 7, 1849 

Erasmus B. Henly - January 20, 1866 

Stephen Henly - May 7, 1867 

Levi T. Branson - November 30, 1874 

Ulysses T. Dawson - August 16, 1907 

P. 0. discontinued April 17, 1908 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

WHY NOT 

Josiah Presnell - October 8, 1860 

P. 0. discontinued December 11, 1866 reinstated 

Alfred L. Yow - April 25, 1877 

Martin A. Cagle - May 23, 1892 

Mamie S. Richardson - April 11, 1898 

P. O. discontinued March 11, 1905 mail sent to SEAGROVE 

WOODSTOCK 

William G. Long - March 14, 1882 

Atlas G. Phillips - May 1, 1882 

Thomas F. Albright - August 28, 1882 

Z. T. Job - April 9, 1884 

P. O. discontinued changed to LONGS MILLS June 2, 1884 

reinstated June 27, 1884 

Preston T. Coble - June 27, 1884 

P. O. discontinued February 12, 1885 mails sent to Crystal, Guilford, Co. 

WORTHVILLE 

Thomas C. Worth - December 19, 1882 
Jesse L. Giles - October 8, 1884 
Algerine M. Osborne - May 17, 1892 
Jesse P. Aldridge - May 21, 1893 
Isaac F. Trogdon - July 21, 1897 

168 



Daisey L. Osborne - May 5, 1903 
Algerine M. Osborne - September 16, 1905 
Myrtle Johnson - July 16, 1909 
Jennie E. Winslow - January 11, 1913 
Edward A. Nelson - December 4, 1916 
Daisey L. Osborne - May 3, 1920 
Algerine M. Osborne - June 12, 1921 

WHEATMORE 

Thomas J. Finch - April 29, 1891 

P. 0. discontinued December 23, 1903 mail sent to TRINITY 




Lisa Farlow carding cotton 




Old Seagrove Christian Church 

169 



Seagrove Area Churches 

Mt. Lebanon Baptist Church 

A brush arbor was used for several years before the church was formally organized. 
At that time it was known as Welch's, having derived its name from the local school. In 
1890, E. }. and J. W. Strider gave land, and a frame church was erected. The original 
building is still being used, but it has had several additions from time to time. It is an 
attractive, well-kept structure situated at the cross roads of numbers 1109 and 1111. 

Pastors who have served at this church are Reverend Martin Leach, R. W. Summey, 
Lee Harris, Eli Lawrence, J. C. Edwards, John C. Kidd, D. C. Sullivan, Jimmy Edward, and 
the present pastor is Ernest Mangum. 

The Sunday School Director is Harold Strider and Merl Shaw serves as church Clerk 
with June Overton assisting him. V. L. Callicutt is the Treasurer. The teachers and their 
assistants are Jimmie Faye Odom, Emma Jane Callicutt, June Overton, Rachel Callicutt, 
Merl Shaw, Lois Byrd, Loise Ledwell, Rabon Sellers, Ruth Hurley, Robert Byrd, Alvin 
Shaw, and Arthur Hurley. Monteese Strider is the pianist, and Jean Strider is the 
organist. The Church choir has been known through the years for the beautiful music 
which they perform. 

Mt. Olivet United Methodist Church 

In 1813, the Reverend Enoch Spinks, a minister of the Erect Community of Randolph 
County, gave 40 acres of land on which to construct Mount Olivet Methodist Episcopal 
Church South, and on which to locate a cemetery. The first building was a modest one, 
made of hand-dressed lumber, homemade nails and other indigenous materials. There 
was no ceiling to the building, no lights, and no means for heating it. "During the summer, 
camp meetings were held. Log sheds and tents housed the worshippers for two weeks. 
Negro slaves accompanied them to do the cooking. They also were members of the 
church, always sitting in the rear pews. For lighting the camp, pine knots burned on four 
foot scaffolds, covered with dirt", according to a history compiled by Miss Mae Wrenn. 

The original Mt. Olivet Church was located off the main road, and for this reason, plus 
the need for a new building, it was decided in 1874 to build a new church on the public 
road. Merritt Sugg gave one and three-fourths acres of land for the new church. The site 
was adjacent to the Mount Olivet Academy and about one mile southeast of the original 
church. 

Lumber for the second building was given by Alfred Brower. The original tract of land, 
except for the cemetery plot, was sold, but burials continued in the original cemetery 
long after the moving of the church. The cemetery is preserved today and is accessible 
off Rural Pave Road 1002, between Erect to Why Not. It was not until 1913 that a new 
cemetery was started at the new church site. Land for the cemetery was given by Lewis 
Sugg, son of Merrit Sugg, who gave the Church site. 

The second church building was a one-room structure and was erected with 
hand-dressed lumber. The two 40-foot sills and the 19-foot corner posts were hand-hewed 
and the two doors were handmade. Alfred Brower, who gave the lumber for the second 
building, was a prominent citizen of the community, and it was in his honor that Brower 
Township received its name. Brower operated Brower's Mill and Richland Mill and was 
engaged in a number of business enterprises. 

At the completion of the building (a year after its beginning), the dedicatory sermon 
was preached by Dr. Braxton Craven, founder and president of Trinity College, which 
later became Duke University. Miss Laura Brower Hoover, daughter of Alfred, was the 
first organist for the new Church. She also was a Sunday School teacher and the first 

170 



president of the Missionary Society. Some of the early Sunday School Superintendents 
were Mac McCoy, Charlie West, Rufus Brower, J. T. Wrenn, and L. 0. Sugg. 

The first funeral to be held at the new Mt. Olivet Church was for Mrs. Mary Sugg 
Tysor, who died in 1876. The first wedding was several years later uniting Miss Lydia 
Brown and Jim Marley. 

In 1926, it was decided to erect a new sanctuary in front of the second church building. 
This new building was completed in 1929, and the old sanctuary was converted into four 
classrooms. Dr. Gilbert Rowe of the Duke University School of Divinity preached the 
dedicatory service. 

In 1958, Mt. Olivet congregation decided to renovate the church building and to erect a 
Fellowship Hall. A building committee composed of Clay Sugg, chairman; Charles 
Teague, Edwin Wrenn, Aldie Hunter, Wayne Sugg, and Miss Golda Tyser, 
secretary-treasurer, supervised the construction. The new Fellowship Hall, located 
south of the Sunday School rooms and connected to the building by a covered, paved 
walkway, consists of a large assembly room, a fireplace, kitchen and two restrooms. At 
this same time, the church was given a new roof, a new steeple, sheetrock, painting and a 
remodeling of the pulpit. 

Dating back to 1874, the present Mt. Olivet Church includes one building constructed 
in 1875, another in 1926, and the latest addition in 1960. A tower unit of chimes is being 
installed at present. 

The current pastor is Timothy Britten with Jack Sugg as Sect, and Treas. The Sunday 
School Superintendent is Jewel Sugg and the Teachers are Mrs. Floyd Staley, Mrs. Jack 
Sugg, Mrs. Charles Teague, Mrs. Ernest Teague, Jack Sugg, and Miss Mae Wrenn. 



New Zion Memorial Association 

After fifty two years of service New Zion Methodist Church discontinued as a 
conference unit and organized a Memorial Association in 1964. The church was 
organized in Rock Springs School in 1911 and erected a high frame structure in 1912. 
Except for minor improvements the church retains its original appearance. The same 
benches are there along with the bell in the belfry. The old organ which has existed 
throughout the church's history is played at each annual meeting. 

There were eight original members; Noah King, J. M. King, Alfred Cox, M. J. Presnell, 
Elcany Graves, James Voncannon, J. W. Voncannon and M. C. Lowdermilk. 

The land for the church and cemetary was given by M. J. Presnell. Alfred Cox, Noah 
King and James Voncannon served as the building committee. D. O. King was the builder. 

This was part of the Fair Grove (Why Not) circuit of eight churches which included 
Fair Grove, Pleasant Hill, Seagrove, Love Joy, Flag Springs, New Hope and Macedonia. 
Later, churches were changed from one circuit to another and New Zion was with Flag 
Springs, New Hope and Pisgah. 

Ministers who have served this church have been the Reverends J. H. Stowe, W. F. 
Ashburn, W. M. Pike, J. W. Hulin, D. S. Garner, Rev. Laughlin, J. T. Hill, Oliver Hilliaid. 
Following these were Rev. Pollard, Rev. Eubanks, Rev. Macon, Rev. Ricks and Rev. 
Bowman. 

171 



History of Antioch Christian Church 

Route 1, Seagrove, N. C. 
By: Hilda M. Welborn 
The Antioch Christian Church was organized October 7, 1885 by Rev. W. G. Brady. The 
charter members were as follows: 

Names of Males: Names of Females: 

Lewis Brady M. A. Hayes 

A. L. Needham Nancy A. Brady 

D. B. Staley Rebecca Moffitt 

W. N. Hayes Magie A. Needham 

H. T. Wilson Lydia Craven 

T. M. Brady S. F. Wilson 

W. A. C. Brady Catherine J. Craven 

Wm. Yow Margaret Needham 

John T. Hayes Mary Brady 

The organizer. Rev. Brady lived only a short time after organization and was 
succeeded by Rev. W. W. Lawrence. It is not known where the first meetings were held 
but there was an old schoolhouse nearby and it is believed they may have used it as a 
meeting place. 

In the records of June 19, 1886 the church selected a piece of land on which to build a 
church house. The land was granted by John M. Fesmire. In later years more land was 
granted by John H. Fox. 

The next record about the building is January 21, 1888. The record reads: "Bro. T. M. 
Brady said that he had so arranged the materials with parties for getting the church 
house underway which was encouraging so far." 

The records do not give the exact date the church house was completed but it does say 
that on March 14, 1896 the building committee collected $7.97 for a stove which left a 
balance of $1.25 for seating and ceiling the church house. And then on September 25, 
1896 it was reported that the committee on the stove be allowed to spend the $1.25 
balance on ceiling the house. This being the last mention of finishing the house it must 
have been 11 or 12 years from time of organization to the time of completion of the church 
house. 

The first church house was a wooden structure and stood just a short distance north of 
where the present structure is located. It was torn down and a new house built in 1951 
which was of brick structure. The educational building was added in 1969. The Church is 
now in the planning stages of building a new auditorium with much needed seating 
capacity to fulfill our needs. The new structure will be brick interior and exterior with a 
cost of approximately $150,000. 

Since organization the following pastors have served Antioch Christian Church: 
Rev. William G. Brady Rev. J. W. Parker Rev. G. M. Talley 

Rev. James A. Webster Rev. W. N. Hayes Rev. Winfred Bray 

Rev. Henry A. Albright Rev. R. L. Williamson Rev. John Bowers 

Rev. W. W. Lawrence Rev. T. E. White Rev. Garland Bennett 

Rev. Benjamin L. Hayworth Rev. L. W. Fogleman Rev. Kenneth Ferree 

Rev. J. R. Comer Rev. John Allred Rev. Robert Hunsucker 

Rev. M. E. Hammer Rev. D. R. Moffitt Rev. Earlie Tucker 

The present pastor is Rev. Ervin Nance. 



172 



The Antioch Christian Church has grown substantially during the past 91 years and we 
pray that with God's help and guiding hand to grow not only in number but in the grace 
and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and like the founders of our church to 
be governed by one of the principals that were drawn up on their organization day that: 
"Christ is the only head of the Church." 

Another interesting entry in the first records of Antioch Christian Church is the 
account of an earthquake which reads as follows: 

..Terrible Earthquake on the night of the 31st day of August 1886 near the hour of 10 
o'clock. The city of Charleston, S. C. and Summerville nearby a complete wreck of ruins. 
The most severe earthquake known in the history of this country. The earth was cracked 
open near Charleston and different kinds of sand spewed out of the earth. The court 
house at Charlotte, N. C. is cracked and the Western North Carolina Rail Road Tunnel 
has caved in and other land slides reported. 

Let this be recorded in this church book as a history of a memorable day and time... 



Pulps Memorial Church 

Reverend Joseph B. Fulp felt led by God to establish a church in this area, so in 1941, 
he, with the help of the community, built an arbor just north of the town limits. The arbor 
was named Tabernacle. Later this area was enclosed, and it was heated by a large 
drum. The building has since been remodeled, adding Sunday School rooms and a 
furnace. It was brick veneered about 1965, at which time restroom facilities were added. 

After the death of Rev. Fulp in 1967, the name of the church was changed to Fulp's 
Memorial to honor the man who had worked with the people for over twenty-five years. 
Mrs. Anna B. Fulp replaced her husband in the work since she was an ordained minister. 
Rev. Morris Holmes has also served as pastor. Lay ministers have helped at various times 
when needed. 

Acting pastor at present is James Alan Blackmon, who was called in 1975. L. H. Parks 
serves as Sunday School Director, and his wife Betty serves as Secretary. Mrs. Fulp is 
Treasurer with Margaret B. Blackmon assisting. Teachers are Alan Blackmon, L. H. 
Parks, Nancy C. Blackmon, and Margaret B. Blackmon. Vicky Parks is the pianist. 



Pleasant Hill Methodist Church 

The church was built in 1929, but it was organized five years prior to this, and the 
meetings had been held in a brush arbor and in the school. The date is remembered by 
the members because Frank Cheek died in January of 1929, and his funeral was the last 
rite performed in the old church. His brother Jesse Cheek died one month later, and his 
funeral rites were the first to be held in the new building. 

Reverend Elwood Jones is the present pastor of about fourty members. The Sunday 
School Superintendent is Leonard Cheek and the secretary is Carol Cassidy. The 
teachers are Lornia Spinks, Carol Cassidy and Agar Spinks. 

173 



Pleasant Hill United Methodist Church 

On April 10, 1858, Mr. and Mrs. Emsley Lowdermilk gave two and one-half acres of 
land on which to construct a church building. The land was situated near the old 
Asheboro road, leading from southeast Randolph County to Asheboro. The church and 
grounds are near the Seagrove-Coleridge road between Seagrove and Erect. 

The church was named Pleasant Hill, presumably because it was located on a hill. The 
first trustees were Stephen Richardson, James N. Cagle and David H. Pickett. 

A frame building was erected in 1859, and Zachary Lineberry became the first 
minister. An arbor, which was not uncommon for churches of that day, was built on the 
grounds. Rock pillars were constructed on each side of this arbor and it was customary 
for a fire to be built on top of them to give light during the worship services. Candles were 
used in the pulpit. The charter members of the church were David Pickett, Emsley 
Craven, Emsley Lowdermilk, Zimery Hancock and Eleazor Cox. 

Class meetings were held in the church once a month. David Pickett was elected the 
class leader in 1859 and held the position until 1867 when he moved to the West. Z. H. Cox 
was elected to take his place. A book, with the names of the members of the church, was 
known as the "Class Book". As each name was called from the book each person was 
supposed to say a few words. They usually spoke of their Christian experiences and offer 
asked for prayers that they would continue to live true Christian lives. 

About 1867, a Sunday School was organized. Peter Beane was the first Sunday School 
superintendent and Stephen Richardson was the assistant. The seven Sunday school 
teachers were I. F. Hancock, Zimri T. Bird, J. W. Richardson, Mary E. Lowdermilk, Mary 
J. Upton and E. Z. Richardson. No literature was available, so questions from the Bible 
were dropped into a hat and each person drew one question to be answered on the 
following Sunday. The "Blueback Speller" was used to teach the Primary Class. 

On December 5, 1885, plans for a new church were presented and adopted by a 
committee composed of Lemuel Spencer, Henry Beane, William Richardson, Calvin 
Beane and Eli Richardson. 

Pleasant Hill Arbor was sold in 1886 to James Cheek in return for 1,000 shingles and 
487 feet of lumber which was worth about $500. The original frame building was sold to 
S. R. Richardson and moved to his land. The foreman, W. C. Hanner, was paid $1 per day 
and board. Work began immediately and the church was completed in August 1886, and 
dedicated on November 7, 1886. When the church was completed private schools were 
held there. Y. H. Cox was one of the first teachers. 

A cemetery was started at Pleasant Hill in 1858, John Upton gave one acre of land and 
the deed was recorded in 1871. The first trustees were Peter Beane, High Yow, Eleazor 
Cox, John Lawrence, and W. W. Lawrence. The first burial was that of William Bird in 
March, 1858. In 1932, S. R. Richardson gave one-fourth acre of land to the cemetery and 
in 1964, Clarence, Clinton, Marie and Nell Richardson gave two-tenths of an acre. A brick 
wall was built in front of the cemetery in the summer of 1971. 

Among those buried in the cemetery is Lieutenant Jacob Laudermilch, a Revolutionary 
War officer who distinguished himself in service. His remains were moved there from the 
family cemetery, and his grave is appropriately marked by a plaque by the D. A. R. 

A parsonage was built where the home of Lonnie A. King now stands. The Rev. J. H. 
Stowe, during his first ministry to the church, 1893-95 moved into the parsonage before it 
was finished, and with the help of Jefferson Auman and J. A. King, completed it. 

About 1920 the members of Why Not Charge bought a house and lot in Seagrove for the 
parsonage. 

174 



The Rev. J. W. Hulin was the first minister to live in this parsonage and it served as a 
home for the ministers of the church until 1957. 

About 1956. the Seagrove and Pleasant Hill Churches made plans to build a new 
parsonage. A lot on the west side of Seagrove Methodist Church was chosen as the site. 
The building committee included A. L. Ashburn, chairman; Jack McKenzie, Wade Harris, 
John A. Craven, William A. Craven and C. B. Scott. The parsonage was occupied by the 
Rev. H. T. Penry in 1957. 

When the church was first organized, they used a cow's horn to call the people 
together for service. Later John Upton gave a dinner bell. When the new church was built 
a new bell was purchased. 

Pleasant Hill was one of eight churches comprising Love Joy Methodist Protestant 
Circuit. These were Fair Grove, Pleasant Hill, Mt. Gilead, Melon Grove, Flag Spring; New 
Hope, Macedonia and Love Joy. One pastor served the eight churches. Each group of 
churches had preaching once a month on the same Sunday, one at 11:00 a.m. and the 
other at 3:00 p.m. There were two churches in a group. The pastor traveled by horse and 
buggy. Every six months the time of services would alternate, giving each church a 
morning service six times a year. Later the churches were changed from one circuit to 
another. The present charges include, Seagrove, Pleasant Hill and Mt. Zion. 

Superintendents who have served the Sunday School at Pleasant Hill have included 
Peter Beane and Stephen Richardson, I. F. Hancock, S. R. Richardson, Walter Presnell, 
William Staley, Tommy Beane, Causey Lowdermilk, Claude Hunt, Otis Yow, Bobby 
Marsh, William A. Craven, William Richardson, and Linnie Brower, the present 
superintendent. On February 28, 1950, the building plans for the new Sunday School 
rooms and the remodeling of the church were presented and adopted by the members. 
The building committee elected John A. Craven chairman and Mrs. Amos Hayes, 
secretary-treasurer. She was later succeeded by Mrs. Malcolm Davis. John A. Craven 
and Paul Parks were made foremen and R. G, Delk buyer. The finance committee 
included Jewel Scott, Wendell Richardson, Claude Hunt, Mrs. John A. Craven, Charlie 
Scott, and Clyde Davis. 

There were a number of sizeable gifts and donations to the building program. Windows 
to the wings were purchased by the Ina Sanders family, E. W. Dawkins family, R. W. 
Hack family and Paul and Myrtie Parks. Doors to the wings were donated by the M. M. 
Davis family. Memorial windows were donated by the High Yow family, Lonnie Beane 
family, Alfred Lowdermilk family, Nancy Cox family, Henry Beane family, James 
Lowdermilk family, Thomas Beane family, and Isreal family. 

Donating pews were Iola and Idyl Lowdermilk, Martin Yow family, William Staley 
family, Calvin Beane family, Causey Lowdermilk family, John A. Craven family, Ott Yow 
family, W. T. Macon family, Wendell Richardson family, John Upton family, Abijah 
Lowdermilk family and S. G. Richardson. The furniture for the pulpit was provided by the 
children and grandchildren of Emsley Lowdermilk in his memory. 

Those giving money, lumber, other materials, and labor included: Mrs. Tommy Beane, 
Ebb Needham, Wendell Richardson, Clinton Richardson, Jimmy Scott, Walter Scott, 
Malcolm Davis, Clyde Davis, Charlie Scott, Resal Craven, John A. Craven, Paul Parks, 
Bob Delk, Claude Hunt, Ottis Yow. Linnie Brower, Amos Hayes, Wesley Hayes, Harwood 
Graves, Grifton Brooks, Robert Bray, George Henry Spencer, Lewis Loggains, Donald Ray 
Scott, Clyde Scott, Guy Scott, William A. Craven, Clayton Staley, Vernon Hayes, Lonnie 
Beane, Mrs. Willie Sanders, Ivey Luck and Mrs. J. M. Davis. 

In the fall of 1966, the church underwent another renovation program when Wilmer C. 
Presnell donated brick to veneer the structure in memory of his mother and father. 

175 



In June, 1969, a dedication service was conducted to acknowledge the gift of 
three-quarters of an acre of land to the church, and a memorial sign in memory of Mrs. 
Pearl Richardson by four of her children, Clarence, Clinton, Nell and Marie Richardson. 

Ministers who have served the church include: Zachary Lineberry, 1859-60; Isacc 
Cow, 1861-62; Dr. Holton, 1863-65; J. W. Heath, 1866-69; W. C. Kennett, 1870-72; W. C. 
Hanner, 1873-75; Henry Lewallen, 1876-78; J. W. Heath, 1879-81; W. C. Kennett, 1882-84; 
James Dean, 1885-87; T. F. McCulloch, 1880-90; A. R. Hanner, 1891-92; J. H. Stowe, 
1893-95; J. B. Betts, 1896; N. M. Modlin, 1897-98; W. D. Fogleman, 1899-01; W. C. Lassiter, 
1902; G. H. Biggs, 1903-04; J. A. Ledbetter, 1905-09; J. H. Stowe, 1910-14; W. F. Ashburn, 
1916-17; W. M. Pike, 1918-19; J. W. Hulin, 1920-24; D. S. Garner, 1925-27; J. B. Trogdon, 
1928-29; W. H. Neese, 1930; J. W. Hulin, 1931-32; G. L. Reynolds, 1933-34; E. G. Cosan, 
1935-38; J. H. Trollinger, 1939-41; James P. Hornbuckle, 1942; Henry I. Ridenhour, 1943; 
Joseph S. Johnson, 1944-45; J. E. Cochran, 1946; G. B. Ferree, 1947; H. A. Forrester, 1948; 
(succumbed and succeeded by J. P. Hornbuckle), John P. Kincaid, 1949-52; B. C. Adams, 
1953; Herbert Clinard, 1954-55; James Cogdell, 1956; H. T. Penry, 1959-60; F. R. Loflin, 
1961-64; Glenn F. Stevens, 1965-68; Everett Wright, 1969-73; Cleveland Duke, 1973-74; and 
the present minister is Ted Kirk. 



Community Baptist Church 

Community Baptist Church, located on Brower Road south of Seagrove, began as the 
annual memorial services at the Chriscoe Cemetery which is situated near the present 
church, started when a slave of Hardy Chriscoe died before the Civil War and was 
buried there later developing into a community grave yard. There are over 80 graves 
here now. 

Rev. M. D. Chriscoe, now deceased, was one of the last to preach at the gravesite. His 
sister, Miss Beatrice Chriscoe, started holding services for the children in the community 
at the home of Mattie Chriscoe. Adults became interested in the Bible Study group and 
ask for classes to be conducted for them also. In the spring of 1957 a brush arbor was 
erected on land donated by Henry Chriscoe. Rev. Wilbur Eaton was invited to speak to 
this group. That fall the arbor was enclosed. It was named Community Missions at this 
time. 

Bible studies were continued to be held after the church became fully organized in 
1962. There were 14 charter members. The church is especially noted for its enthusiastic 
youth. Rev. Wilbur Eaton remained with the church until August, 1964 when David 
Chriscoe began serving. Rev. Dan Shore followed and then Bobby Inman. David Chriscoe 
was called back a second time. The present pastor is Rev. Howard Moffitt. 

In 1973 a beautiful new brick structure was completed and furnished at a cost of 
$75,000. It consist of a sanctuary, seven class rooms, two rest rooms and a pastor's study. 
The brick interior is complemented with wood paneling in the pulpit area and in the rear 
of the church. Overhead ceiling of pine is supported by exposed beams. The floors have 
wall to wall carpeting and the pews are upholstered. The land was donated by Curtis 
Chriscoe son of Henry Chriscoe who provided for the old church. 

176 



Flag Springs United Methodist Church 

A part of the South Randolph United Methodist Charge, Flag Springs Church is located 
on road number 2803, approximately four miles north of Seagrove near Highway U. S. 
220. The church was organized in 1839 as a result of a visit by a Methodist Protestant 
circuit preacher, Olson Gray. The minister passed through the area, met a group of fox 
hunters, preached to them, and promised to return in a year. The church is said to have 
gotten its name from the quantities of wild blue flag flowers which grew at a nearby 
stream. 

Stephen Cole gave four acres of land for religious and educational purposes. Services 
were first held in a log structure. In later years, the congregation occupied two frame 
structures which preceded the present brick sanctuary that was completed in 1954. 

The congregation launched a new building program in 1965 with plans for an 
educational unit adjoining the sanctuary. The new structure contains 6,458 feet of floor 
space and houses a large fellowship hall, kitchen and seven classrooms. Leonard 
Richardson was chairman of the building committee. Serving with him were Clarence 
Brown, Donna Ruth Brown, Garrett Garner, Harold Hammond and Sig Macon. The 
building was completed and occupied during the pastorate of the Rev. David L. Baxter. In 
1970, a modern new parsonage for the charge's minister and his family was completed 
on Highway 134. 

Included in the charge with Flag Springs Church are the New Hope and the Pisgah 
United Methodist Churches. Flag Springs, the largest church of the charge and one of the 
oldest Methodist Protestant churches in the area, has Sunday School each Sunday at 
10:00 a.m. with worship service following at 11:00 a.m. 

Kenneth Hall is chairman of the Administrative Board. Doug Mann is Lay Leader. Coy 
Kiser is chairman of the Council of Ministries. Other church officers include Paul York, 
Superintendent of the Sunday School; Mrs. Leonard Richardson, Treasurer; Kenneth 
Hall, Choir Director; and Mrs. Lydia King, organist, pastor is Rev. Bryn Fox. 

Flag Springs Church is now in the process of another building campaign. A new 
sanctuary has been proposed in an area in front of the present sanctuary. Also included 
in the building program is the renovation of the present sanctuary into offices and 
classrooms. 

The present membership of the church is 170. Church school enrollment is 205. 



177 



Hopewell Friends Meeting 

Some 125 years ago a burying ground was started where the present cemetery at 
Hopewell Friends Meetinghouse is located. A large number of people were buried there 
before a church was erected. 

Then, a man, by the name of Calhoun Voncannon, became concerned on the day of his 
mother's funeral. The following day he started out with a petition to erect a church. The 
petition was signed with enthusiasm. 

On the 6th day of February 1885, Eli Branson gave 13 acres of land on which the 
present church now stands. The land was deeded to Back Creek Monthly Meeting of 
Friends, and the building of the church soon got underway with John Hammond and Levi 
Branson as contractors. 

Lee and Clark Hammond hauled the lumber, and other neighbors helped in whatever 
way they could. When the building was completed, W. R. Ashworth and Calhoun 
Voncannon said, they hoped it would do well. The church thereby got its name 
"Hopewell". 

The first Sunday School was held on the 6th day of May in 1885. Little River Sunday 
School and Meeting, which was located about one and one-half miles south of there, was 
united to Hopewell at this time. 

By the year 1916, the Meeting felt that it was strong enough to support a Monthly 
Meeting, therefore a request was made to the Southern Quarterly Meeting to set up a 
Monthly Meeting. The Quarterly Meeting granted the request and appointed a committee 
to set up the Meeting. The Meeting was set up from the Back Creek Meeting on the 27th 
day of May in 1916 with 36 members. 

Charles Johnson, a Friends Minister, drew the plan for the church and work began on 
the 28th day of May in 1949. With a few exceptions, this church was paid for by 
approximately 50 members in the space of one and one-half years. Truly we could say 
with Nehemiah of old, "for the people had a mind to work". 

At present there are approximately 100 members of Hopewell Friends Meeting. The 
church is located eight miles southwest of Asheboro in close proximity to the new 
Southwestern Randolph Senior High School. 

The clerks of the Meeting have been: Roscoe Branson, Nell Hussey, Trilby Hammond 
(who served three different periods), Homer Dawson, Jesse Dawson, Chloe Nance, Rosa 
Dawson, Doshie Parks, Joyce Rose and Rebecca Hurley. 

Pastors who have served the Meeting are Elwood Cox, John S. Tillman, Joseph Price, 
Thomas F. Andrews, Calvin Gregory, John Permar, Edward Harris, Allie R. Kemp, 
Charlie Lamar, Harrison Hinshaw, Norman Carter, Charles Johnson, Billy Britt, Fred 
Morgan, Dallas Rush, Larry McEntire, Norman Osborne, and the present pastor, Odis D. 
Dupree. 

On September 20, 1967, the first home for the minister of Hopewell Friends Meeting 
was completed and occupied by the Dupree family. 

178 



High Pine Wesleyan Church 

High Pine Wesleyan Church, located in the Pisgah Community of Randolph County, was 
organized on October 15, 1878, with 51 charter members. These members were William 
Parks, Maranda P. Parks, Henry C. Williams, Sarah Jane V. Williams, James Callicutt, 
Susan Callicutt, Eldridge Newson, Carolina Newson, Henry C. Lyon, Martha Lyon, 
Ransom Vuncannon, Mary Vuncannon, Ranson Vuncannon, Nervy Ann Vuncannon, 
Henry Hammond, Mary Hammond, Elwood Ledwell, Lewis Harvell, Sarah Harvell, Jane 
Nelson, Mary J. Nelson, Martha Ann Nelson, Nancy J. Cooper, Mary A. Cooper, Elizabeth 
Bell, Lina Luther, Francena Russell, Decy Floyd, Rebecca Chandler, Laura Chandler, 
Mary Scarlett, Elizabeth Scarlett, Martha Jackson, Margaret Callicutt, Harvy Presnell, 
Deborah Presnell, Martha Vuncannon, Vicy Luther, Marthishia Luther, Daniel 
Voncannon, Fannie Voncannon, Flora Harvelle, Elizabeth Newson, Martha Williams, 
Hannah Williams, Mary R. Williams, J. T. Williams, Wicny Vuncannon, and Linley 
Voncannon. The first minister was T. F. Sechriest. The first place of worship was an old 
arbor made of hewn logs. One-half acres of land each was given by Moses Hammon, L. 
W. Voncannon and C. A. Voncannon. The present church building stands on this land. 
When selecting a name for the new church, organized as a Wesleyan Methodist Church, 
one gentlemen looked up at the high pines and suggested it be called "High Pine" because 
of the pines in the church lawn. 

The second church building was a small frame structure which was later torn down to 
make way for the present new church building. In the fall of 1960, a Youth Building was 
constructed behind the old church building. This was finished and occupied in January, 
1961. Sunday School rooms were built in April, 1865, at the rear of the old church and the 
old church structure was torn down in the spring of 1967. A new church was started in 
July, 1967, under the leadership of the Rev. George D. Simmons. 

Davis Luther served as chairman of the building committee. Serving with him were 
Kenneth Trogdon, Jay Williams, Jesse Brown and Jerry Gray. They worked closely with 
the builder, J. Hoyt Callicutt, also a member of the congregation. 

The beautiful new sanctuary is attached to the education building. It is 36 feet wide 
and 70 feet long and has a seating capacity of 300 people. Ten stained glass windows in 
the auditorium and the front of the sanctuary were donated by members of the 
congregation in memory of family members. 

The first service in the new church was on October 22, 1967, with a formal 
ribbon-cutting ceremony with Mrs. Nettie N. Brown, a member of the church for 54 
years, doing the honors. Mrs. Brown passed away in December, 1967. 

On January 15, 1968, the congregation borrowed $17,000 from Randolph Savings and 
Loan Association. Within a few years all of the indebtedness was retired and a formal 
note burning ceremony was held. 

In 1968 new pews were purchased by different people. It was also in 1968 that the 
name of the church was changed dropping the "Methodist" from the name with the 
merger of the Wesleyan Methodist and the Pilgrim Holiness demoninations. 

179 



Pastors who have served the church are as follows: T, F. Sechriest, 1878; I. 0. Gray, 
1897; L. L. Fogler, 1900; J. M. Merell, 1909; E. W. Jones, 1910-15; Bryant Lovin, 1915-18; 
Clarence Brown, 1918-20; I. A. Rhinehart, 1920-21; E. W. Jones, 1921-23; R. Y. Putnam, 
1923-25; J. C. Clubb, 1925-28; E. D. Packer, 1928-30; W. C. Lovin, 1930-31; Thomas Teasley, 
1931-35; J. L. Bolen, 1935-36; J. C. Reynolds, 1936-38; Boyd C. Kistler, 1938-39; J. E. Shaw, 
1939-40; E. W. Jones, 1940-41; Elb M. Fowler, 1941-43; V. J. Trogdon, 1943-44; Boyd C. 
Kistler, 1944-47; Parnell Lewis, 1947-49; Earl Fisher, 1949-51; Leroy Cox, 1951-54; John 
Moretz, 1954-60; C. E. Carroll, 1960-62; George D. Simmons, 1962-68; Harold D. King, 
1968-70; Ralph Day, 1970-73; Hal Brown, 1973-74; Walter Phaup, 1975. 



The History Of The Seagrove Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses 

Jehovah God has always had his witnesses here on the earth to proclaim his will and 
purposes. From righteous Abel to our own modern times, Jehovah's people continue 
preaching the good news of God's kingdom, following the example of the greatest of 
Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus Christ. (Matthew 28: 19-20) (Revelation 1:5) 

Hebrews 11:4 through 12:1 gives a long line of faithful witnesses for Jehovah, including 
Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David and to even Jesus' followers the first Christian 
witnesses of Jehovah. 

Paul foretold in (2 Thessalonians 2: 3-12) a falling away of true Christianity after the 
death of the Apostles. Consequently it became necessary for Jehovah to raise up his 
faithful witnesses in the modern times. This was not a new religion but as a climax to the 
long succession of witnesses that he has had down through the past millenniums all the 
way back to Abel. That is part of the purpose of Jesus Christ in this time of the end, to 
lead his fellow witnesses of Jehovah in the final witness before the end of this wicked 
system. (Matthew 24:14) 

So in 1870 a group calling themselves "Bible Students" headed by Charles Taze Russell 
of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania began to do extensive Bible research. (Daniel 12:4, 9 & 10) 

In 1884 the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society was incorporated as a means of 
furthering the witness work about Jehovah and his purposes. Its purpose is stated in 
Article 2 of its charter. Quote: The purpose for which the corporation is formed is, the 
dissemination of Bible truths in various languages by means of the publication of tracts, 
pamphlets, papers and other religious documents, and by the use of all other lawful 
means which its board of directors, duly constituted, shall deem expedient for the 
furtherance of the purpose stated. 

Then in 1931 in order to clearly establish themselves as Jehovah's Christian Witnesses, 
they embraced that name. A name that God gave his faithful servants. Isaiah 43: 10-12 - 
"You are my witnesses," is the utterance of Jehovah, "even my servant whom I have 
chosen, in order that you may know and have faith in me, and that you may understand 
that I am the same One. Before me there was no God formed, and after me there 
continued to be none. I-I am Jehovah, and besides me there is no savior." "I myself have 
told forth and have saved and have caused it to be heard, when there are among you no 
strange god. So you are my witnesses," is the utterance of Jehovah, "and I am God." 

As it was Jehovah's purpose for a great crowd to come into his earthly organization in 
this time of the end, by 1934 the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society had Branch Offices 
in 49 different countries and on every continent on earth. So the witness work was 
spreading at this time in fulfillment of God's prophecy. (Mark 13:10) 

180 



This was true also in the central piedmont of North Carolina and thus eventually into 
the Seagrove Area. In the late twenties and thirties, representatives of the Watchtower 
Society began covering the Seagrove area, in the door to door visitation of people 
discussing Bible subjects with them and leaving Bibles and Bible study aids with people 
who were interested in furthering their Bible knowledge and understanding; of which 
work Jehovah's Witnesses are well known all over the earth for. 

Therefore about that time W. H. Tucker and Family obtained some books and 
magazines from some one witnessing in this area. After reading and comparing it with 
the Bible, they appreciated that it was the truth, but did not say very much about it as 
most people were skeptical of the work of Jehovah's Christian Witnesses. Around 1937-38 
a Fulton family from High Point came to the Tucker home offering them additional 
literature on the Bible. These Bible truths were appreciated so much that a Bible Study 
was started with the W. H. Tucker family who lived on the Old Burnie Road about two 
miles west of Seagrove. In a very short while this weekly Bible study grew in attendance 
to include several other families in the community, some of whom were the Oliver King 
family, Claude Tucker family, Leon Tucker family, Percy Shelton family, Mark Spivey 
family, and later the Nichols family and others who were interested in the Bible. As a 
result of their Bible study, many of these soon began to see the need of sharing these 
interesting Bible truths they were learning with their neighbors in fulfillment of Matthew 
24:14 which says: "This good news of the Kingdom will be preached in all the inhabited 
earth for a witness to all the nations, then the end will come." They learned among other 
things that Jehovah God in times past has raised up witnesses to give special warnings in 
times of judgement as described in Hebrews chapters 11-12. 

As various ones continued to grow in their appreciation and understanding of God's 
purposes, they dedicated their lives to Jehovah their God and symbolized it by water 
baptism, thus becoming Christian witnesses of Jehovah. 

As the group grew in numbers it was necessary to move the meeting place to the 
up-stairs of the home of Oliver King which had been prepared for such meetings to give 
more room. Later accomodations for meetings were rented over the Carolina Theater in 
Asheboro for this growing group of Bible students until a meeting place could be built. In 
1943 a Kingdom Hall was completed on Highway 705 south of Seagrove in the area known 
as the Old Gap. This became the first Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses in the 
Randolph, Montgomery, and Moore counties. 

Since the work of Jehovah's Witnesses has always been carried out in an organized 
way, the governing body of Jehovah's witnesses whose world headquarters is in 
Brooklyn, New York, assigned the Seagrove Congregation Randolph and Montgomery 
counties to cover in their door to door activity, telling their neighbors about the 
establishment of God's Kingdom under Christ and the coming end of this system of things 
in this time of the end. 

With the establishment of the Seagrove Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses, 5 
meetings each week was arranged at their Kingdom Hall for further Bible education and 
training which the public was invited to attend and benefit from also. 

As a result of the diligent work of Jehovah's Witnesses in this area there was a need 
for larger and more convenient meeting facilities to care for the growing interest. In 
1953-54 property was purchased on Highway 220 north of Seagrove from the Seagrove 
Lumber Company, and a new Kingdom Hall was completed. Later as the work continued 
to progress there again was the need to enlarge the Kingdom Hall and its facilities at its 
present location. 

Through the years since the establishment of the Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses 
in Seagrove in 1943 there have been other congregations that have been established in 

181 



surrounding areas of which was a partial result of the deligent work of the Seagrove 
Congregation. 



With the beginning of the preaching and teaching work of Jehovah's Witnesses in this 
area during the late twenties and early thirties Jehovah's Christian Witnesses have 
enjoyed repeatedly calling on the homes of most if not all people in Randolph, 
Montgomery and Moore counties sharing with them the marvelous truths pertaining to 
God's established Kingdom and his new Order of righteousness that he purposes to usher 
in the near future. Many people in the Seagrove area have been very receptive and 
hospitable to Jehovah's Witnesses as they call at their homes. Thousands on thousands of 
Bibles and Bible literature have been left with people in this area through the years to 
assist them to learn more about the Bible. 



At present the Seagrove Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses has associated with it 
about seventy witnesses who share regularly in the door to door preaching and teaching 
activity. Their meeting attendance at present range from 70 to 150. 



As the time of the end of this wicked system of things nears its end culminating in a 
great tribulation foretold by Christ Jesus the Chief Witness of Jehovah God foretold at 
Matthew 24:21. Jehovah's Witnesses continue to call and encourage all people who have 
good hearts to take their stand for God and His Kingdom which will mean life for those 
who faithfully do so. As in Seagrove, also all over the world in more than 210 lands and 
islands of the sea, Jehovah's Witnesses are busy in their Bible education work. There is 
upward of 2,500,000 active witnesses in more than 39,000 congregations all over the 
earth with a third of the present witnesses becoming such in the last five years. All of this 
taking place at a time when nominal religious organizations have been at a stand still or 
even at a decrease in church attendance. 



Truly we are seeing the fulfillment of Isaiah 60:22 where it was foretold: "The little one 
himself will become a thousand, and the small one a mighty nation, I Myself, Jehovah, 
shall speed it up in its own time." 



So with the help of God's holy spirit, Jehovah's Christian Witnesses in Seagrove will 
continue to serve their heavenly Father faithfully along with their fellow worshippers 
earth wide. Therefore we will continue to call at people's homes as well as in public 
places and lovingly aid people to learn of their Creator in order for them to gain life 
everlasting. 



182 



Why Not Memorial Association 

Why Not Memorial Association was organized about the year 1859, and was erected 
on the historical plank road close to where the Seagrove School now stands. The 
structure was built of logs and was first called Auman's Chapel because Martin Auman 
had furnished the logs; when it became a regular church, it was named Mt. Moriah, and 
Zachary Lineberry was the first preacher. After this building was burned during the 
Civil War, services were temporarily held in a building on the property of A. L. Yow near 
the present residence of his descendant Worth Yow. Later, services were held in an 
arbor, which was not uncommon for churches in that day. The arbor was built on the 
grounds where the present church stands. Rock pillars were constructed on each side of 
this arbor on top of which it was customary for a fire to be built to give light during the 
worship services, while candles were used to light the pulpit. 

In 1870, Mr. and Mrs. William Tucker donated land to build a church. It was erected 
under the supervision of Martin Auman, Henry Auman, Silas Presnell, William Tucker 
and others. The church was named Fair Grove because of its location in a grove of oak 
trees where the ground was covered with glossy stones and the surrounding scenery was 
beautiful. Men from miles around gave of their time to erect the church. The timber for 
the building was cut from the farm of Martin Auman and hauled by his two sons, 
Jefferson and Alson, to a mill at Sugg Creek where it was sawed into lumber. The 
material for the ceiling was dressed by hand. Benches were used as pews until the 
completion of the church in 1871 when regular pews were added. Some men, such as A. 
L. Yow, made their own pews and always sat in it during services. The last window was 
installed in the church on a Saturday in September of 1871, and James P. Boroughs 
started a private boarding school there on the following Monday. Other furnishings for 
the interior of the church were added from time to time like the first wood-burning stove 
which had a drum-like apparatus on top that provided hours of warmth. Mrs. Lydia 
Auman took pride in keeping the stove polished and shining as long as she lived. 

The first pastor here was Rev. W. C. Kennett (1870-72). Among the leaders at this time 
were E. L. Spencer, A. L. Yow, J. W. Trogden, Henry Yow, J. A. King, and Jefferson 
Auman. This building served the community for almost thirty years (until 1900) 
throughout which time the Conference requirements were met as well as most churches 
of its size. 

The Sunday School which was held only six months of the year was organized in 1867. 
The earliest superintendents were Dr. F. E. Asbury, E. L. Spencer, and J. W. Trogden. 
Serving later were Graham Spencer, Pater Vuncannon, J. H. Spencer, M. A. Cagle, J. A. 
Monroe, C. E. Stuart, H. D. Smith, Mrs. C. E. Stuart, L. A. King, M. C. Auman, J. E. King, 
and E. W. Auman. The following names are recorded as those taking part in the 
programs: Silas Presnell, A. L. Yow, Edmund Tucker, Eleazer Cox, Noah Richardson, J. 
W. Trogden, Jefferson Auman, Lydia Auman, Mary Anne Lowdermilk Cox, Elma Cox, 
Susannah Auman, Martitia Yow, Lou Tucker, Letha Vuncannon, H. J. Cox, Sarah C. Cox, 
Delano Tucker, William Tucker, and Sarah Presnell. Letha Vuncannon used the Blue 
Speller in teaching the primary class. No other literature was available so questions 
about the Bible were dropped into a hat from which each would draw one to be answered 
by the following Sunday when Prof. G. A. Garner taught the adult class and gave reviews 
of the Sunday School lessons. 

About 1893, a parsonage was built just across the road from the church where the 
home of Lonnie A. King now stands. The Rev. J. H. Stowe in his first ministry to the church 
(1893-95), moved in before the house was finished, and he, with the help of Jefferson 

183 



Auman and J. A. King, completed it. This parsonage was sold in 1915 and later it burned 
down. 

About 1900, a new church building was started. The old church building was sold and 
the pews were purchased by the boarding school. Services were held in the school while 
the new church was under construction. W. D. Fogleman was the pastor; "Billy" Page 
was treasurer of the building fund, and others who helped were J. H. Spencer, Noah 
Richardson, M. A. Cagle, Jefferson Auman, Charles E. Stuart, L. A. King, James A. King, 
and Prof. J. P. Boroughs. Some of the pianists were Mrs. Etta Auman Austin, Mrs. Ethel 
Biggs Trogden (daughter of the Rev. G. H. Briggs), Mrs. Mabel Stuart Cox, Mrs. Mary 
Lilly Marshall, Marjorie Alexander, and Dorothy Lilly Brown. A few years later some 
sections of the church interior were divided by curtains into areas where adult Sunday 
School classes met, and two small classrooms were partitioned off for the primary and 
intermediated classes. 

This church was one of eight comprising the Love Joy Methodist Protestant Circuit. 
Divided into pairs they were Fair Grove and Pleasant Hill, Mt. Gilead and Milton Grove, 
Flag Springs and New Hope, Macedonia and Love Joy. One pastor took care of the eight 
churches. Each pair of churches had preaching once a month on the same Sunday, one 
service being at 11:00 a.m. and the other at 3:00 p.m. Every six months, the time of the 
services would alternate giving each church a morning service six times a year. Later the 
churches were changed from one circuit to another, and the circuit in which Fair Grove 
was located was called Flag Springs for a time. Then Flag Springs was added to the 
Richland Circuit, and Fair Grove became part of the Why Not Circuit. When Seagrove 
Methodist Church was built in 1932 (about one and one-half miles to the north), Fair 
Grove Church no longer held regular services. The circuit then became known as 
Seagrove. 

The ministers who served from 1859-1935 were Zachary Lineberry (Mt. Moriah), 1859; 
Civil War - no minister; J. W. Heath, 1866; W. C. Kennett, 1870-72; W. C. Hanner, 1873; 
Henry Lewallen, 1875; Joseph Causey, date uncertain; W. C. Kennett, 1882-84; James 
Dean, 1885-87; T. F. McCulloch, 1880-90; A. R. Hanner, 1891-92; J. H. Stowe, 1893-95; J. H. 
Betts, 1896; N. M. Modlin, 1897-99; W. D. Fogleman, 1899-1901; W. C. Lassiter, 1902; G. H. 
Biggs, 1904; J. A. Ledbetter, 1905-09; J. H. Stowe, 1910-14; none in 1915; W. F. Ashburn, 
1916-17; W. M. Pike, 1918-19; J. W. Hulin, 1920-24; D. S. Garver, 1925,26,28; J. B. Trodgen, 
1927-29; W. H. Neese, 1930; and G. L. Reynolds, 1933-35. 

In May 1936, W. Carson King took the initiative to form a group for the purpose of 
perpetual upkeep of the Fair Grove Church and cemetary, and in 1952, the Methodist 
Conference deeded the church property to the Why Not Memorial Association. In 1956, a 
monument was erected by the association in honor of two men who did so much for the 
community in the field of education; Prof. James P. Boroughs, who erected a school 
building a short distance from the church, and taught from August 1, 1893 until 1900, and 
Prof. George F. Garner who succeeded him and formed what is known as the Why Not 
Academy and Business Institute. This was a prosperous co-ed boarding school to which 
students came from miles around. In 1910, the enrollment was 132. It is recalled that 
male students occupied a building or dormitory near the home of Prof. Garner and kept 
what might be termed "batchelor's quarters". The female students either boarded with 
families in the community or rented rooms in exchange for light housekeeping. Tragedy 
came in 1913 when Prof. Garner contracted measles from which he did not recover. Then 
in the spring of 1915, the building was completely destroyed by fire. 

A yearly Memorial meeting is held the first Sunday in May when old friends meet with 
former residents and former students to recall the times shared at Fair Grove Methodist 
Church and the Why Not Academy. 

184 



Whispering Pines Presbyterian Church 

On the night of November 25, 1960, Mrs. George Clark and Mrs. Ed Haywood of the 
Ulah community near Asheboro visited the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Neely, members 
of Dogwood Acres Presbyterian Church, with an urgent request for help in establishing a 
Presbyterian Church in the Ulah community. 

The Rev. Charles G. Fitzpatrick, pastor of Dogwood Acres, and members of the session 
decided that the request should be carried before the Church Extension Committee of 
Orange Presbytery. Rev. Fitzpatrick and members of his congregation visited homes in 
the Ulah communtiy during the next few months, and on the evening of May 21, 1961, the 
first service was held in the Ulah Community Building. 

Rev. Fitzpatrick met with the Church Extension Committee several times concerning 
the work in the Ulah community, and it was he who laid the groundwork for the new 
church. 

In December, 1963, Rev. David Blue accepted a call from Dogwood Acres Church, and 
the work at Ulah became a part of his call. During a meeting on May 21, 1964, with 
representatives from Dogwood Acres Church, the group from Ulah and a committee from 
Church Extension, it was recommended that a survey of the Ulah community be made. 
The young people of Dogwood Acres Church undertook the survey. The outcome resulted 
in a challenge gift of $10,000 to the Ulah group from Orange Presbytery as a start toward 
a church building. 

In the fall of 1964, the Ulah Chapel was the recipient of a church extension offering in 
Orange Presbytery with $3,700 contributed, including a gift of $400 from William Owen 
Cooke, chairman of Church Extension, and Mrs. Cooke. 

Whispering Pines Church was accepted by Orange Presbytery on January 21, 1965, in 
Siler City, and Whispering Pines Presbyterian Church was organized on Sunday 
afternoon, March 7, 1965, with a 3:00 p.m. service in the old Ulah School building, where 
services had been held since May, 1961. 

Charter members of the church are: Mrs. Allen Carthell Chriscoe, Fincher Loflin, Mrs. 
Fincher Loflin, Ricky Loflin, Joe Loflin, Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Dickinson, David Clark, Floyd 
E. Parks, Mr. and Mrs. George Clark, Miss Sharon Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Mabe, Mr. 
and Mrs. Emmett Rich and Mrs. Nina Whatley Dickinson, all by transfer from other 
churches; and Mrs. David Clark, Floyd Parks, Allen Carthell Chriscoe, Miss Wanda 
Louise Chriscoe and Dennie Allen Chriscoe, all by profession of faith and baptism. 

George W. Clark was elected as church treasurer and Jerry Dickinson became 
superintendent of the Sunday School with Floyd Parks as secretary-treasurer of the 
Sunday School. 

Sunday School was started on August 1 with the following teachers: Mrs. Ralph 
Whatley, Adults; Mrs. Ramona Parks, Juniors; Mrs. Diana Dickinson and Mrs. Peggy 
Clark, Kindergarten and Primary. The first Vacation Bible School was held in July, 1965. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Mabe donated a lot adjacent to their home on Highway U. S. 220 
and ground breaking services were held on Sunday, March 27, 1966, under the 
leadership of a building committee composed of Mr. Mabe, George Clark and Jerry 
Dickinson. Tom Osteen of J. J. Croft, Inc. was the designer of the building which cost 
approximately $35,000. A month following occupancy of the new building, on August 28, 
1966, the cornerstone was laid at which time announcement was made of many special 
gifts to the church. The church was formally dedicated, debt-free, less than a year later 
with services on Sunday, August 6, 1967. Highlight of the occasion was a note-burning 

185 



ceremony by the pastor, Rev. David F. Blue, the Rev. Fitzpatrick, the organizing pastor, 
and members of the building committee. 

The present church building, situated in a grove of pines, is the first of three planned 
units of the church and includes four classrooms, a small auditorium, kitchen and two 
baths. 

The Rev. Blue has continued as pastor of the church as well as pastor of Dogwood 
Acres Presbyterian Church in Asheboro. 

Historic bricks included in the building are from Jamestown (1637), the oldest church 
in the thirteen colonies; St. Thomas Episcopal Church, founded 1699, built 1734; Old Rock 
House in Stokes County, 1725; and First Presbyterian Church of Asheboro, 1850. 

Gifts to the Whispering Pines Church have been many with virtually all furnishings, 
memorial windows and other items being donated by church members or friends. 



Why Not Wesleyan Church 

Persons interested in forming the Why Not Wesleyan Church first met in the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Johnny Allen in Seagrove for a prayer service and to discuss where and 
when to have services. After two meetings in the home of Rev. and Mrs. M. M. Holmes on 
Route 1, Sophia, on the fourth Sunday in February, and the first Sunday in March, 1970, 
the group moved into the old Fairgrove Methodist Church building at Why Not. They 
worshipped there until they entered their new building on September 20, 1970. The 
building was contracted and built by Mr. Wayne Wright on the two acres of land that he 
donated to the church. 

The beautifully designed brick structure, fully air conditioned and electrically heated, 
consists of a sanctuary, four classrooms, a nursery, lounge, and two restrooms. The pews 
in the sanctuary are finished in light African mahogany and are constructed with red 
upholstery in the seats and backs. The wall-to-wall carpeting in the sanctuary is also in 
matching red. 

Organization of the church was effected on October 11, 1970, with thirty-one charter 
members. 

The officers of the church are: The Rev. M. M. Holmes, pastor; Mrs. Barbara Luther, 
secretary; Gary Miller, treasurer; Lawrence Yow, Sunday School superintendent; 
Harold Thompson, Sunday School secretary; Johnny Allen, trustee; David Pardue, 
trustee; and Mrs. Juanita Yow, trustee. 

Sunday School is conducted each Sunday at 10:00 a.m. with the worship service at 11:00 
a.m. Prayer meeting is held at 7:30 p.m. each Wednesday evening, and the Christian 
Youth Crusaders (CYC) meets each Wednesday evening at 6:30 p.m. 

The thirty-four members of the church are as follows: Rev. and Mrs. M. M. Holmes, Mr. 
and Mrs. Johnny Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Bobby Luther, Mr. and Mrs. Gary Miller, Mr. and 
Mrs. Lee Voncannon, Mr. and Mrs. David Pardue, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Yow, Mr. and 
Mrs. Harold Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Wright, Mrs. Dale Yow, Mrs. Colon 
Presnell, Mrs. Fannie Bowman, Mrs. Leon Yow, Mrs. Josephine Willard, Mrs. Iris Willett, 
H. B. Yow, Jeanie Yow, Neta Yow, Ann Allen, Tim Allen, Jackie Willard, Michael 
Thompson, Rev. and Mrs. C. E. Apple, and Robin Pardue, junior member. 

186 



Union Grove Christian Church 

On September 22, 1866 a group of people met and organized a Christian Church. They 
decided to call it Union Grove because of the unity in love of the people and because of 
the beautiful grove in which the church was situated on road number 2845 in Grant 
Township. The 31 charter members were: Collin Scott, Tommy G. Craven, B. S. Scott, 
William W. Lawrence, R. F. Brown, Adam Brown, Eli C. Brown, William Brown, Ira C. 
Brown, S. J. Craven, F. M. Wiggins, J. M. Luck, Stephen Lowdermilk, Betsey Scott, Mrs. T. 
G. Craven, Cynthie Scott, Mrs. Adam Brown, Lutittia Brown, Levinia Brown, Mrs. F. M. 
Wiggins, Nancy Luck, A. J. Craven, and John Scott. The first officers were: John S. 
Lawrence, Presiding Elder; T. G. Craven, Chairman; J. A. Scott, Secretary; W. W. 
Lawrence, Adam Brown, and S. H. Way, Deacons. The first Church Conference was held 
September 14. 1867. 

The date of the first church building is indefinite. It stood near the place where the 
present building now stands. We have been told that the church was a two story building 
with a Mason's Lodge upstairs, all of which was totally destroyed by fire. A man, who 
had disobeyed the laws of the lodge, was seen somewhere near the church just before it 
was discovered to be burning. It was thought that he probably set the fire, but no proof 
could be found. 

After this an arbor was built, just West of the present building. There is no record as to 
when exactly the arbor was built, but the record does state that on September 30, 1893, it 
was decided to sell the arbor. It was purchased by E. F. Cagle, and some of the timber is 
now part of the barn on the farm of Rassie Cagle. In that same year, a new church 
building was begun. 

In 1938, four Sunday School rooms were built and other repairs were made. In 1948, 
the interior of the church was remodled, and new pews and carpet were added. The bills 
were all paid on the completion of the project. The entire structure was brick-veneered in 
1951-52, a vestibule was added, repairs and painting were done to the exterior, and 
stained glass windows given as memorial gifts, replaced the old panes. The Fellowship 
Hall was completed in 1956. 

On December 31 , 1960, it was voted to join the United Church of Christ in a combination 
of the Congregation Christian and the Evangelical Reform Church. The parsonage was 
erected in 1966. Today the membership stands at 110. 

The pastors who have served the Church are: Revs. J. S. Lawrence, J. R. Holt, W. R. 
Brown, P. P. Humble, S. H. Way, John A. Scott, J. W. Patton, P. T. Way, M. E. Hammer, C. 
C. Peal, J. R. Comer, R. L. Williamson, T. E. White, T. J. Greene, L. W. Fogleman, John 
Alfred, H. V. Cox, Glenn Craven, Carl Brady, John Q. Pugh, Clyde Fields, B. H. 
Lowdermilk, Winfred Bray, Bill Joyner, Billy Joe Willett, A. Avery Brown, Lacy Presnell 
(supply), and Jimmy J. Norred. Deacons who have served are: Adam Brown, S. H. Way, J. 
A. Scott, E. C. Phillips, H. F. Way, S. S. Cox. E. F. Cagle, William Hobson, O. P. Brown, 
Oscar Brown, D. C. Brown, D. E. Beane, C. A. Byrd, E. E. Brown, A. M. Newell, W. W. 
Brown, J. A. Wright, J. H. Ferree, Everett Cagle, Wade Brown, Paul Tedder, Paul Johnson, 
Arlen Coble, Van Brown, J. L. Lawson, Edward Cagle, Paul Wilson, Harvey Allen, Fred 
Will, Billy Morrison and Donald Johnson. The present minister is C. L. (Homer) Frye. 

187 



Seagrove United Methodist Church 

In 1922, the Methodist and Baptist churches were organized in Seagrove. On January 
13, of that year, the two churches purchased an abandoned two-room schoolhouse and 
lot for four hundred dollars. The building was just south of Carl E. King's residence. For a 
number of years the building was used as a Community Sunday School, using Methodist 
and Baptist literature in alternate quarters. Church services were sometimes conducted 
by visiting preachers of Baptist Churches and the pastor of the Why Not Charge 
(Methodist). In the fall of 1931, S. G. Richardson was elected Superintendent of the 
Sunday School and served until 1945. 

In October of 1932, the Methodist Protestant Church was organized under the 
leadership of Reverend John Julin, pastor of the Why Not Charge. There were 13 charter 
members: Mrs. Nettie Allen, Noah Williams, Mrs. Jewel Williams, Mrs. Cora Johnson, L. 
A. King, Mrs. L. A. King, James King, Mrs. C. E. King, Mrs. Doris King Auman, H. D. 
Smith, Mrs. H. D. Smith, James Walker, and Mrs. James Walker. 

In February, 1933, the Methodist Church purchased from the Baptists their interest in 
the building being used. For that year the church adopted the following budget: World 
Service, $10.00; College Assessment, $8.00; General Fund, $10.00- Superannuate Fund, 
$1.00 and Pastor's Salary, $75.00; totaling $104.00. 

In March, 1933, the building was sold; a tent was purchased and used until the fall of 
that year. Dr. D. J. Johnson then furnished a small house near his own residence. 

On August 6, 1933, the members voted unanimously to build a brick church with 
Sunday School rooms. At that time, there were only 17 members, including children. The 
following building committee was appointed: S. G. Richardson, Chairman; Dr. D. J. 
Johnson, and James Walker. Noah Williams and L. A. King were co-chairmen of a 
committee to solicit funds for building. Mrs. Jewel Williams was elected secretary and 
treasurer. 

After considering available lots, the one where the church presently stands was 
chosen. This lot was given by Mrs. Francenia Yow and family in memory of the late 
Henry Yow, who now rests near the church. 

The building committee purchased materials and employed Leland Cagle of Biscoe as 
foreman of the work. On October 16, 1933, the first brick was laid. There was a constant 
supply of materials and workers. The official cornerstone was laid on Sunday, November 
26, 1933. Dr. H. M. Andrews, President of the North Carolina Conference of the Methodist 
Protestant Church, was in charge. He was assisted by Reverend George Reynolds, 
pastor. 

On February 17, 1934, the basement, seven Sunday School rooms, and a pastor's study 
were completed. The work was accomplished by 17 members through constant unity, 
cooperation, faith, and prayer. A supper, with more than 200 attending, was held in the 
basement and Sunday School Department until May 15, 1935, when the auditorium was 
completed. Dedication ceremonies of the church were held on April 11, 1943. 

About 1935, the Why Not Charge was divided, forming the Seagrove Love Joy Charge 
and the South Randolph Charge. The Seagrove Love Joy Charge included Love Joy, 
Macedonia, Seagrove, and Why Not Churches. Later, the charge was again divided. The 
Seagrove Charge included seagrove. Why Not, and Pleasant Hill Churches. Later Mt. 
Zion Church was added to these. The Charge presently included Seagrove, Pleasant Hill, 
and Mt. Zion Churches. 

In 1957, the church made plans to build a new parsonage. The lot on the west side of 
the church was chosen as the site. The building committee included: A. L. Asburn, 

188 



chairman. Jack McKenzie, and Wade Harris, from Seagrove Church and John A. Craven. 
William A. Craven, and C. B. Scott from Pleasant Hill Church. 

The ground-breaking for the parsonage was held the second Sunday in March, 1957. 
The pastor's family was able to move into the parsonage four months later, on July 4. 

Pastors of the church have included: Rev. John Hulin, 1932; Rev. George L. Reynolds, 
1932-34; Rev. E. G. Cowan 1934-38; Rev. James H. Trollinger 1938-41; Rev. James P. 
Hornbuckle, Jr. 1941-43; and a short time in 1947; Rev. Henry I. Ridenhour, 1943-44; Rev. 
Joseph S. Johnson. 1944-45; Rev. J. Ed Cochran, 1945-45; Rev. G. B. Ferree 1946-47; Rev. H. 
A. Forrester, 1947; Rev. John P. Kincaid, 1948-52; Rev. Bill Adams 1952-53; Rev. Hubert 
Clinard. 1953-55; Rev. James Cogdell, 1956; Rev. H. T. Penry, 1956-60; Rev. Foster Loflin 
1960-64; Rev. Glenn Stevens, 1964-66; Rev. Thomas F. Prichard, 1966-68; Rev. Everette 
Wright, 1969-1973; and Rev. Cleveland Duke 1973-1975; and the present minister Rev. Ted 
Kirk. 



Antioch Baptist Church 

This church was established as a Mission in 1954 forming into an organized body of the 
Baptist Association in 1955. A small church was built on land donated by Ray King 
located on Rainbow Park Road, three miles north of Seagrove. The church was recently 
remodeled increasing the Sunday School rooms and the auditorium. 

Pastors who have served Antioch Baptist Church include the Reverends Hubert 
Bennett, Ollie Brim, Frank Settlemire, and the present pastor Rev. Clyde C. Dawkins. 
Charter members included Ollie Brim, Fentres Freeman. Tom Maness, Marvin Garner, 
Lillie Mae Craven, Zeolia Freeman, George Poole, Bernice Poole, Missie Kennedy, and 
George Kennedy. 

They have an average Sunday School attendance of 70 persons. Lillie Mae Craven 
serves as church clerk. Sunday School Superintendent is Charles Loflin and teachers are 
Junior Bailey, Joseph Loflin, Ruth Brim, Sue Dawkins, Juanita Loflin and Susan Swaney. 



Trinity Wesleyan Church 

Trinity Wesleyan Church organized from the results of a tent meeting held in 1950 in 
the yard of B. F. Beck. This was the father of Rev. Wilton Beck who conducted the revival. 
There were fourteen charter members who built the first church on land donated by Bill 
Beck. 

In 1970 officials of the church met with the conference asking permission to borrow 
$20,000 with which to construct a new church structure. In less than seven months the 
new brick building was completed. It consist of a sanctuary, four Sunday School rooms 
and rest room facilities. There are upholstered pews and carpeted floors in the 
sanctuary. 

A. F. Davis, a member of the congregation, was the contractor of the work which 
amounted to only $27,000. In 1975 they held their note burning at which time this church 
was completely free of building debts. 

Rev. Wilson Goins is present pastor of Trinity Wesleyan Church. Mrs. Jerry Davis, 
Clifford Chriscoe and Roy Chriscoe are trustees and Mrs. A. F. Davis is church clerk. 

189 



Strieby Congregational United Church of Christ 

The origin of the Strieby Congregational United Church of Christ grew out of a more 
organized religious freedom of worship about the time slavery was abolished. The first 
worship services were held in the "Rocky Branch School House" owned by the Quakers. 
Soon the Quakers moved to a new location and gave the building to the new worshipers. 
This became the first school and church building for Negroes in the county and possibly 
the first in the state. One of the students of this school, Isac Walden (an ex-slave of mixed 
parentage) was sent to Hampton, Va. to school by his master and father. 

In the meantime ex-slaves began to wander from their slave huts, in search of a place 
to live. Chief among those in the venture were Uncle Ned and Priscilla Hill (most known 
as Granny Prissy). They were the Great Grandparents of our senior deacon, Mr. Author 
Hill. They and many other Hills chose to settle in the surrounding area of the present 
church. Because there were so many, and only Hills, the area was called "Hill Town." 

Because of many available jobs in the gold mines and in the Federal Distillery nearby, 
the community grew as people moved in to buy land and settle. By this time Isac Walden 
completed his studies at Hampton, Va. and returned home as a minister. 

Dr. Strieby and his evaluation team for school and church sites were attracted to the 
area because of the rapid population growth. He immediately decided the community 
needed a church and a two-teacher school. He and Rev. Walden and his team moved with 
the tempo of the community to build a church. A Mr. and Mrs. Lassiter, owners of the 
land, deeded 6 acres of land to Dr. Strieby for the church and school site. The news 
spread rapidly. Men and women gathered from every direction to plan for the building. A 
two-wheeled ox cart hauled six huge rocks for the foundation. Logs, lumber and service 
were given. The weather boarding for the 60' x 30' building was finished by hand, mostly 
by our late Uncle Julius Hill. 

The people were endeared to Dr. Strieby for his great contribution of untiring work 
and financial help. They asked that the church be called "Strieby" Congregational 
Church. Soon a Post Office was set up for the community and called: Strieby, North 
Carolina. The church also served as a two-teacher school until 1905, when a school was 
built, and Rev. Isac Walden and his wife were the first minister and teachers of the 
community. 

Down through the years, well trained ministers and their wives, spiritually and 
educationally continued to come to us. Their leadership was highly respected and 
accepted by the parents, who saw to it that their children took advantage of the 
opportunities they had been denied. 

Just when the plans were being completed to advance the church school to Garfield 
Academy, the gold mines became exhausted and the distillery closed forcing the 
laborers to return to their land for a living. The children grew and sought education and 
employment elsewhere. Eventually many families sold out and moved or simply died out. 
Thus the change came, leaving a precious few, strong in their religious convictions and 
determined in this effort, that Strieby Congregational United Church of Christ will never 
die. That she will stand through the ages, as long as the years of her past, as a historical, 
religious and educational landmark, reaching out through her children of many 
generations, to all mankind. 

190 



Union Grove Baptist Church 

The cornerstone of the present church states that the church was organized in 1885 
and rebuilt in 1946. However, the first record in the original minutes reads as follows: 
"This is to certify on Monday after the third Sunday in September, 1887, Elder J. L. Smith 
and T. M. Bladwin met as a presbytery at the Union Grove Meeting House and proceeded 
to the examination of members dismissed from the Baptist Church at Fork Creek with a 
view of organizing a separate independent Baptist Church. Having found them sound in 
the faith of doctrine and principles of the gospel, in due form constituted them as a 
regular church of the Baptist faith and as such, they are vested with full authority to 
maintain discipline and all necessary business independent of the control of any and all 
churches." Thus. Elder J. L. Smith, an old soldier, came to be the first pastor of the 
Meeting House. Then M. J. Leach was called to be the pastor in 1887 when the church 
was organized. In 1889, Rev. D. R. Sears was called as pastor, serving for ten years. In 
1899 Rev. J. L. Smith was called and in 1900 Rev. W. H. Strickland became pastor. In 1905 
the Rev. T. P. Tucker came to serve the church. In 1906 the Rev. J. L. Smith was called 
again and served until his death in 1909. Then Rev. J. R. Phillips came to replace Rev. 
Smith. 

In 1911 Rev. W. H. Strickland was called again for the second time; in 1914 Rev. J. H. 
Vipperman served; and in 1920 Rev. W. H. Strickland served agc.in for ,he :hiid time. On 
October 8, 1922 Rev. John Kidd became pastor of the church. For his first sermon he 
preached on "Behold my Mother and Brethern," Jesus said, "Matt. 1:49-50. Where your 
treasury is there will your heart be also." Rev. Kidd was pastor for sixteen years. In 1938 
Rev. George Wallace was pastor, and in 1940 he resigned, and the church then called 
Rev. J. T. London. Following Rev. London came Rev. Eddie Wiggs. 

The church began to see the need of a new building as they had worshiped for years in 
the old frame church. Plans were made for a new sanctuary, and the members worked 
together. This was war time and building materials were hard to obtain. Most of the 
lumber came from the church grounds. Since steel could not be found every part of the 
church was made of wood. The plaster came from everywhere. One member would drive 
for miles for three or four bags of plaster while another member would go another way 
for even less. After approximately four years the church was finished. 



In 1948 the Rev. Bennie Maness was called as pastor of the church. The church grew 
by leaps and bounds and soon started a new building project. The educational plant was 
built as was the parsonage. Rev. Maness resigned in 1959 and in March of 1960, the Rev. 
Clarence Jenkins became pastor. A fellowship hall was built, the church was air 
conditioned, and the parsonage was remodeled. Rev. Jenkins served for seven years. 
After that time Dr. F. A. Lunsford served as pastor. Under his direction a new sanctuary 
was dedicated. He remained with the church until December, 1974. 



The present pastor is the Rev. W. A. Gillett, Jr. of Florida, who began his work on June 
15, 1975. Troy Summers serves as Sunday School superintendent with Louella Spivey as 
secretary and Colon McNeil as treasurer. The church clerk is Ray McNeil and church 
secretary is Nancy McNeil. 

191 



First Baptist Church of Seagrove 

This church began as a small Baptist Mission in 1965 holding meetings in a small block 
building west of Seagrove on the Troy Road. It was formally constituted into the First 
Baptist Church of Seagrove in July 1967. The organization took place under a gospel tent 
on Highway 220 at the city limits of the town, where the group purchased two and one 
half acres of land on which to erect a church. 

On the building committee were Rev. Bobby Martin who was the first pastor, Harley 
Scott, Bill Saunders, Wayne Smith and Lester Carrick. The new building is a 
contemporary structure of colonial brick exterior having a sanctuary and L-shaped 
educational plan. Financing for the new church edifice came from the sale of church 
bonds and other projects which helped pay for the $77,000 structure. 

Following the Rev. Martin were Rev. A. B. Harnett, and Ronnie Kiser. Mr. Robert 
Hughes and Rev. John Nelson acted as supply pastors until the present Rev. James 
Womble came. 

Present officers of the new church include: Jack Lail, Chairman of Deacons, Clerk, Ann 
Cain; Treasurer, Cecil Moore; Sunday School Superintendent, Ronald Cain; Training 
Union Director, Martha Graves; Pianist and Organist, Jean Smith and Ann Graves. 

There are 100 Sunday School members enrolled today. 



Center Cross Baptist Church 

This church began from meetings held in a brush arbor. In 1892 it was organized into 
the Baptist Association. John Cole gave one acre of land as did Wiley Russell giving room 
for the church and cemetery. Among the charter members were John and Mary Cole, 
Wiley and Sarah Russell, Noah and Lowda Freeman, Emma Jane Cole, Ranz and 
Francina Odham, Alfred Richardson and wife, Lyndon and Fannie Brown. 

Kerosene lamps were used to give light to the first church then an aladdin lamp was 
later added over the pedal organ. A three eye stove fired with wood was used to heat 
with. The original frame structure has been remodeled and added to since the early 
church began. In 1940 there were five Sunday School rooms and a wing to the auditorium 
were built. In 1957 the church was brick veneered and in 1968 a pastor's study, rest 
rooms and two more educational rooms added. Air conditioning was also installed at this 
time as was a basement for fellowship. Since then the basement has been divided into 
more Sunday School rooms. Plans now are being made to erect a new Fellowship Hall. 

Pastors who have served Center Cross Baptist Church include Reverends Eli 
Lawrence, Ferman Soloman, Lee Harris, E. A. Livingston, W T ill Garner, R.E. Heath, J. C. 
Edwards, Hubert Bennett, C. M. Strickland, M. D. Chriscoe, D. J. Sullivan, Darrell Cox, 
Sam Riddle, Russell Chriscoe and the present pastor is Rev. Robert Hunsucker. 

Sunday School Superintendent is Bobby Dixon with Wade Brown assisting. Treasurer 
is Amanda Greene and Clerk, Ruby Sanders. Choir Director is Leverette Strider, Wanda 
Brown serves as pianist. Sunday School teachers and there assistants are Cary Greene, 
Effie Cole, Cora Mae Dunn, Emma Smith, Lois Blake, Billy Sellers, Pauline Smith, 
Leverette Strider, Amanda Greene, Marvin Hamilton, Archie Smith, Gladys Freeman, 
Betty Bowman, Thelma Sellers, Don Bostic, Kathleen Mabe, Bertie King, Karen Sellers, 
Carolyn Dixon, Betty Greene, Nellie Hunsucker, Brenda Strider, Rachel Smith, Lula Mae 
Bowman, Mack Greene, and Cecil Bowman. They have an average Sunday School 
attendance of 80 persons. 

192 



Emmanuel Holiness Church 

Mr. and Mrs. Goodman Greene, Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Singleton, Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
Singleton, and Mr. and Mrs. Roy McNeil were among those who began the church about 
1952, holding meetings in the old Holland store building located on the north side of 
Seagrove. Shortly after organizing the Emmanuel Holiness they moved the store building 
one mile north of Seagrove. 

A new building was erected in 1964. Although their membership is only 18 members 
strong, the attendance at this small rural church averages 60 to 70 each service. Donald 
Gulledge is the present pastor. Church secretary and treasurer are Colon and Juanita 
Greene with Roy McNeil serving as Sunday School Superintendent. Sunday School 
teachers are Lucille McNeil, Juanita Greene, Billy Ann Tucker, Linda Gulledge, and 
Wendal Hudson, and Johnson Tucker. 



Riverside Baptist Church 

Riverside Baptist Church was built in 1910 on land donated by James Maness; 
however, services had been held in a brush arbor several years prior to this. Visiting 
ministers from various denominations had come to preach here, but after the church 
erected a building it was organized and accepted into the Baptist denomination. Rev. 
Lassiter was the first pastor. 

Records of the church were destroyed when the house of Millard Smith burned. Mr. 
Smith was a deacon of the church, and he kept the books at his home. Mrs. Laura 
Maness, a senior member of the church, recalls that some of the charter members of the 
church were W. D. Moffitt, Baxter Deaton, Maudia Maness, Mrs. Ruban Hayes, Mrs. 
Lydia Brower and John Beck. 

Following Rev. Lassiter as first pastor were Rev. Cleve Phillips, Rev. John Kidd, Rev. 
Leanord, Rev. Colon Strickland, and Rev. Wilbur Eaton. The Rev. Charles Lassiter is the 
present pastor. 

The church was remodeled in 1968 at which time it was brick-veneered. Four Sunday 
School rooms were also added, and an air conditioning and heating system were also 
installed. 

Mrs. Carl Maness serves as the present Clerk of the Church. The current Sunday 
School officers are Miss Penny Garner, Secretary, and Mr. Larry Wilson, 
Superintendent. Teachers are: Dempsay Gatlin, Men's class; Mrs. Valeen Maness, 
Ladies' class; Mrs. Junior Garner, Young adults; Mrs. Mary Ruth Bircham, Young couple; 
Mrs. Bula Lassiter, Junior class; and Mrs. Helen Allen, Primary. 

193 



Pleasant Hill Primitive Baptist Church 

Pleasant Hill Primitive Baptist Church is located on Route 8, Asheboro, North Carolina. 
It is thought that Mrs. Ashley Wright donated the land for the building. In 1850, a log 
church was built, and in 1880 Hulda and Elizabeth Auman gave three acres more to the 
church. The church was remodeled in 1923 using part of the old log church. In 1967, the 
church was bricked, bathrooms, electric heat, and new benches were added. A little 
later the sanctuary was carpeted. 

The church was used for services for Primitive Baptist over the years, but was not 
organized until November 28, 1942. Charter members were Jennie Auman, S. L. 
Arrington, Nell Arrington, Alpheus Auman, Myrtle Auman, Jennie Belle Richardson, and 
W. E. Lucas. 

This church has Communion and foot-washing once a year, usually in June. Elder V. V. 
Willard from High Point, North Carolina, has served as pastor ever since it was 
organized. Elder Roy Speir from Kannapolis is now assistant pastor. 

The Deacons are Rankin Richardson and Elsie Auman. The clerk is Barry Cole. 



Pleasant Grove Christian Church 

At a humble beginning in a brush arbor, a moderator and secretary were appointed 
and served for three and one-half years until the official organization of the Pleasant 
Grove Christian Church on April 24, 1942. There are no records concerning the time 
when the first church was built; however, there are records to verify the sale of the old 
brush arbor in 1874, and the proceeds of that sale being used to repair the first building 
used by the church. The second church was erected in 1913, and a belfry was added in 
1922. Sunday School rooms were added in the middle thirties, and the pulpit was 
enlarged and a heating system installed in 1946. The fellowship hall, a separate building, 
was built in 1954. 

The present building, located on road number 2883 just south of Cheeks in Pleasant 
Grove township, was built in 1964. It was during the first pastorate of Rev. Mack V. 
Welch that plans began for the erection of the new building. It was only fitting that he 
became pastor for a second time when the plans were completed. Rev. Dolan Talbert 
came to the church in 1960 and served during the construction period. 

The sanctuary, including the balcony, has the capacity to seat four hundred people. A 
baptistery is curtained off behind the choir, and eight brass chandeliers hang from the 
ceiling. There are twelve stained glass memorial windows each with a different design. 
The pews, which were also memorial gifts, and the pulpit furniture are of natural oak. 
The church has been blessed with many material goods. 

Pleasant Grove has not only made a contribution to the local community and 
surrounding area, but has reached into many communities of other areas through the 
men it has sent into the ministry of the church for the cause of Christ. Ten ministers, 
representing three denominations, have come out of this church. They are Rev. E. Carl 
Brady, Rev. D. Everett Oats, Rev. Clint M. Oates, Rev. B. H. Lowdermilk, Rev. W. Merritt 
Leonard, Rev. Lacy M. Presnell, Rev. Ivey Hammer, Jr., Rev. H. Winfred Bray, Rev. Lester 
Gale Brady and Rev. James William Caviness, Jr. 

194 



Pisgah Methodist Church 

Two acres of land for the first church were given by the family of John Newson in 1866. 
Thomas and Rosannah Macon gave an acre in 1871. Additional land was deeded by J. D. 
Welch, and wife, Delia, in 1939 to the Randolph County Board of Education for the 
adjoining property on which the old Pisgah School was located. Then in 4962 Mrs. Jessie 
Cox donated the land on which the present church stands. 

It is believed that the first place of worship was a long building which was replaced by 
a small frame building. In 1912 another large frame structure was erected having three 
Sunday School rooms added to it about 1948. 

The present church, which is part of the Flag Springs charge, is situated on Pisgah 
road number 1114, and was occupied in 1963. This church is constructed of exposed 
masonary blocks both inside and outside. To the right of the church and connected in the 
structure is a three piece campanile or bell tower fifty feet high and with two bells 
located at the top. The gabled end of the sanctuary, inset with colored glass, is held in 
place with a large cross. The sanctuary, with its open truss framework, its divided 
lecturn and carpeted aisles and chancel area, creates an atmosphere of reverence and 
marks the sanctuary as a place conducive to worship. The altar is located at the back of 
the chancel in the center of the church and is blocked up with the same colored glass 
backdrop that is seen when first approaching from the outside. 

Building committee for the church project consisted of Eli Callicut^, Chairman, along 
with Howard Cagle, Delbert Slack, Jimmy Cagle and Farrell Slack. Contractor was J. D. 
Cagle. 

Rev. Bryon Fox is the present pastor and Earl Moore is Sunday School Superintendent. 



Russells Grove Baptist Church 



On Saturday afternoon June 1st, 1935 at the Ulah School Building, Ulah, N. C, 
delegates from the Asheboro, Asbury, Balfour, Center Cross, Franklinville, Huldah, 
Maple Springs, Mt. Lebanon, and Ramseur Baptist churches met for the purpose of 
organizing the Ulah Baptist Church. Rev. H. M. Stroup, pastor of Ramseur and 
Franklinville churches, presided over the meeting. The Rev. H. L. Stevens led in devotions 
and presented the Church Covenant and the Articles of Faith, which the people accepted 
by a show of hands. 

At this time ten persons presented letters from other Baptist churches and were 
recognized as charter members of the church. They were: W. M. Bennett, Mrs. W. M. 
Bennett, Norman Bennett, Thurman Bennett, Thelma Bennett, Stella Bennett, Evelyn 
Lawrence, Barney Lawrence, W. C. King, and Mrs. W. C. King. Rev. Stroup then 
declared the church duly organized. 

Mr. & Mrs. W. M. Coble were upon their statements received into the church. The first 
election of officers of the church was then held, and Thurman Bennett was elected 
church clerk. Norman Bennett, Mr. W. C. King, and Mr. W. M. Coble were elected as the 
first three deacons. Rev. W. E. Garner became the first Pastor of the church. His 
successors have been Rev. Ed Stack, Rev. Avery Smith, Rev. Ed Frye, Rev. J. W. Pierce, 
Rev. Cabot Inman, Rev. Thurman Williams, Rev. Willard Singletary, and the present 
pastor, Rev. Tommy Butler. 

195 



On April 22, 1935, Mrs. Cammella Williams Russell and her family were generous in 
presenting the church with some land to build upon, located five miles south of Asheboro, 
N. C. on Highway 220. It was here that a wood structured church was erected. In honor 
of the Russell family, the church was at this time named Russells Grove Baptist Church. 
The wood structure was torn down in 1950 and rebuilt in brick. The Russell family 
presented the church with additional land on August 9, 1943. This land was for the use of 
a cemetery. On September 23, 1951, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Freeman also donated some 
property behind the church which possibly will be used for additional cemetery space. 

Recently the church has torn down the old Sunday School Dept. and rebuilt it with 
more classrooms, larger restrooms, a library, and a Pastor's Study. The Sanctuary has 
been enlarged, renovated, and a baptistry enstalled. The present Sunday School 
enrollment is 158 and the resident church membership is 113. Russells Grove continues to 
participate in the Randolph Baptist Association as it has since joining it the day the 
church was organized. May God through Christ ever be at the center of her ministry. 

Church clerk is Mrs. Ann Pope and Darrell Johnson is the Sunday School 
Superintendent. Teachers are Linda York, Barbara Dorsett, Carolyn Wooley, Gladys 
Russell, Pershing Painter, Gladys Butler, Paul Wooley, Mrs. Harvey Beck, Thelma 
King, Dempsey Voncannon, Marie Brown, Wallace Maness, Kathleen Hall, Barney 
Lawrence. 



Mitchell United Methodist Church 



Mitchell United Methodist Church, located on the Flag Springs Road, began in a brush 
arbor on land donated by Calvin Ledwell. The first building was a small frame structure 
located across the road which runs alongside the old cemetery. At that time, however, 
the present road did not exist. It is not known exactly how old the church is, but members 
agree that it is at least one hundred years old. 

The arbor remained, and was used at revivals for many years. Camp meetings were 
held for a week at a time, and during these meetings big fires were placed on a scaffold 
which lighted the entire hill. The congregation would often march around these fires 
praising God and rejoicing. Mitchell school was also held in the old church building. 

In 1910, three acres of land were purchased nearby from Pete Richardson, and a new, 
larger church was erected, which was a frame building also. The old land was then given 
back to the Ledwell family. 

Members, now deceased, who were active in the church in the early years, were the 
Rev. Emsley Lowdermilk and Ananias Lowdermilk, Isabella Lowdermilk, Noah Brower, 
Branson Strickland, Sherman Spinks, Eli Strickland, Elwood Rush, Maggie Spinks, 
Wincie Jane Strickland, Sally Ledwell, Eulas Shaw, Liddie Ellen Shaw, and Martha Ann 
Strickland, who died in recent years at the age of 99. 

Present members include Atlas Caviness, Etta Walden, Maxer Caviness, Mattie 
Ledwell, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Foust, Alma Ledwell, Diana Caviness, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Mosley, Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Foust, Gowmey Strickland, Elwood Walden, Melvenia 
Spinks, and Howard Strickland. The present pastor is the Rev. Sophia East. Mitchell is 
presently in the process of building a new brick church beside the older frame one. 

196 



Seagrove Christian Church 



The first known Christian church to be built in Seagrove was near the old Gallihorn 
Spring which is about one hundred yards off the street on which Seagrove School is 
presently situated. 

Rev. Lewis Parks was the pastor when this structure was burned during the Civil War 
period. Church services were held through the intervening years, and in 1908 a brush 
arbor was erected at the old Eli Leach homeplace with the organization of a Sunday 
School. When winter came along the services were moved across the street to the 
Masonic Hall owned by W. E. Stutts. It was later moved to the school building which was 
located at that time just south of the Carl King homeplace. The Rev. T. J. Green held 
occasional church services here. During this time the brush arbor was also used for 
revivals and preaching appointments by many ministers of different denominations who 
traveled to Seagrove by train or by horse and buggy. 

Although few in number, the people of the Seagrove Christian Sunday School felt a 
need for the organization of a church in the area. They were led into a church body on 
November 29, 1915, by the Rev. T. E. White and the Rev. G. R. Underwood, who became 
the first pastor of the church. Charter members included John M. Yow, Mrs. D. A. 
Cornelison, Madison Farlow, Frank Cole, Mrs. Frank Cole, L. B. Parks, Mrs. A. S. 
Callicutt, Mrs. W. C. Garner, Mrs. J. C. Hammond, Mrs. A. M. Brower, Mrs. W. H. 
Hughes, Miss Janie C. Cole, Mrs. N. J. Holn, Miss Bertha M. Luck, W. C. Garner, Mrs. M. 
E. Farlow, Miss Myrtle Farlow, Mrs. John M. Yow, D. A. Cornelison, J. W. Wentz and 
Mrs. Frank Auman. 

A frame structure was erected on land which was donated by Eli Leach and C. M. 
Tysor. This building was located just east of the depot on what is now 
Street. By 1939 the membership had outgrown this space, and on January 8 they voted to 
construct a new building on the southeast side of Seagrove across from the present 
junction of School Street and Highway 705. The old church was sold at auction to W. L. 
Wright and Amos Farlow, and was later sold to the county and was used as the primary 
department of the school. Sunday School was held in this new building on February 9, 
1941, and in October, 1942, the church was dedicated by the Rev. F. C. Lester. In 1965 an 
extensive addition of seven rooms, a fellowship hall, and restrooms were built. J. B. Slack 
served as building chairman. Gene Bumgarner was co-chairman along with Ivy Luck and 
A. E. Garner. 



The church has been 



Rev. 


G. R. Underwood 


1915-1916 


Rev. 


W. C.Hook 


1916-1917 


Rev. 


T. J. Green 


1917-1920 


Rev. 


A. T. Banks 


1920-1921 


Rev. 


T. J. Green 


1921-1923 


Rev. 


G. C. Crutchfield 


1923-1924 


Rev. 


W. C. Wicker 


1924-1925 


Rev. 


J. C. Cummings 


1925-1932 


Rev. 


T. E. White 


1932-1933 


Rev. 


E. C. Brady 


1933-1934 


Rev. 


G. M. Talley 


1934-1941 


Rev. 


Harold Sharpe 


1941-1942 



served by the following pastors: 

Rev. Lacy Presnell 1942-1949 

Rev. Thomas D. Sutton 1949-1952 

Rev. RosserLeeClapp 1952-1955 

Rev. Gene Thomas 1956-1957 

Rev. Lacy Presnell 1958-1960 

Rev. Billy Joe Willett 1 960-1 961 

Rev. Avery Brown 1961-1966 

Rev. Kenneth Ferree 1 966-1 968 

Rev. James Singletary 1969-1970 

Rev. W. R. (Andy) Anderson 1970-1976 
Rev. Charles Melvin Present Pastor 



197 



Hulda Baptist Church 

In April of 1896, at the request of some of the neighbors of Rock Springs School District, 
Rev. Marvin J. Leach of Lassiter's Mill, N. C. began preaching once a month at the school 
house and soon organized a Sunday School, which was conducted by some of the faithful 
neighbors of the school district. 

Due to the progress made by the Sunday School during the summer of 1896, the 
neighbors asked Rev. Leach to hold a series of meetings in the fall of the same year. Upon 
their request, Rev. Leach, assisted by Jefferson Lannings, conducted a series of meetings 
under a "brush arbor" which resulted in a number of conversions. 

In November of 1896, eleven baptized believers in Christ met with Rev. Leach, Jefferson 
Lannings, and John A. Summey. Rev. Summey preached the introductory sermon, after 
which the Huldah Baptist Church was organized with eleven members. 

The members were Elias and Mary A. Moore; their daughters Ada, Mishia, and 
Delilah, and son Vester; Alvus Beane; George and Emily Beane; and J. Rufus and Adelaid 
Richardson. The church was named for an elderly lady of the community, Huldah J. 
Staley, who requested that the church be named after her. 

The first deacons of the church were Elias Moore, G. H. Beane, and A. L. Beane. The 
first church clerk was Vester Moore, who served in this office for more than fifty years. 

Land for the site of the church building was donated by Mr. John Presnell. This land, 
upon which the present church building is located, is three miles north of Seagrove, 
approximately one mile off U. S. 220 on Route #2845. The original church building was 
completed in 1898, with adequate facilities for about three hundred. 

Soon thereafter, the fledgling church temporarily joined the Liberty Baptist 
Association. Later, the church joined the Montgomery Association and remained in it 
until the Randolph Baptist Association was organized in 1935. 

In March 1954, a ground-breaking service was held for a new church building. The 
building was completed in November of the same year. 

Due to the desire of the members to have a residence on the immediate field of labor for 
their pastor, additional land was purchased for the construction of a pastorium. The 
three-bedroom, brick pastorium with basement was completed in 1963. 

Continued growth of the Sunday School made it necessary to build an educational 
building. This building, containing approximately 2,200 square feet of classroom space 
and additional basement facilities for church activities, was completed in 1967. 
Air-conditioning and carpeting were added to the sanctuary in 1968 and 1970 
respectively. In August of 1971, central air-conditioning was added to the educational 
building. 

The following pastors have served the church in its history: Marvin Leach, Jefferson 
Lannings, Lee Harris, J. L. Hall, Finley Shaw, J. H. Vipperman, W. C. Smith, T. H. 
Williams, John Kidd, William E. Garner, J. C. Edwards, O. P. Dix, Gilbert Falley, Hubert 
Bennett, Kenneth Ferree, Guerhey Harrelson, W. M. Leonard, W. K. Metters, and Steve 
Welborn. The present minister is Thomas Walker of Rt. 8, Asheboro. The church has also 
been blessed of the Lord in that a number of its members have been called into the 
ministry. 

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Realizing the necessity and importance of missions, Huldah has an active missions 
support program. 13.5 percent of all church expenditures for the church year 1970-71 
went directly to missionary efforts. Missionaries Don and Irma Peterson, members of 
Huldah, are presently serving under the Gospel Missionary Union in Alaska. They had 
served previously in Morocco. 

Concerning the future, Huldah continues with an evangelical fervor and missionary 
outreach while awaiting the imminent return of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. 



Piney Ridge United Methodist Church 

In 1826 the Quakers erected a log church here and named it Piney Ridge Friends. 
Shortly after the Civil War they removed their membership to Holly Springs leaving the 
building to the community. 

Later, meetings were held in a brush arbor. Piney Ridge Methodist was organized and 
the church was built in 1892. The church was a frame and clapboard structure with a 
high steeple topping the vestibule. The earliest available roster is in 1897 which lists the 
following Sunday School members: Cora Luck, J. W. Spencer, Mary H. Trogdon, Rocity 
Spencer, R. L. Spencer, Ida Spencer, Etta Spencer, Harrison Luck, J. H. Shamberger, 
Ida Shamberger, J. W. Moffitt, J. M. Moffitt, W. A. Moffitt, Harvey Moffitt, Avery Moffitt, 
C. O. Green, T. B. Green, T. L. Green, Hattie Waddell, Alice Waddell, Victoria Sellers, 
Thomas Brooks, Stella Leach, Ira Littlebough, Oria Littlebough, Lula Littlebough, Lena 
Mathis, John Mathis, Lula Mathis, Florence Trogdon, Alex Trogdon, J. M. Trogdon, Lilah 
Coffin, Martha Coffin, Willie Coffin, George R. Coffin, Hattie Cheeck, Fleater Cheek, 
Isabella Cheek, Cordelia Cheek, Rosy Cheek, Dennis Cheek, Colon Cheek, Wesley 
Spencer, Wesley Spencer, Jr., Willy Spencer, Charlie Spencer, Parthena Spencer, Evie 
Spencer, Vallie M. Spencer, Luther Green, Mary A. Green and Sandy Waddell. 

In 1897 the pastor was the Rev. E. Howard; the Sunday School Superintendent was R. 
L. Green; the Assistant Superintendent was E. D. Moffitt; and the Treasurer was Eli 
Spencer. 

In 1967 a new brick church was built which was debt free when completed. Later new 
pews were added and central heat was piped in. Also added were restroom facilities, 
a water fountain and air conditioning. The yard was also landscaped. 

Located in the edge of Richland township on road No. 2907, the members live in Brower 
and Grant townships, and the church serves as a center for the social as well as religious 
affairs of the black community. 

Piney Ridge is part of the Empire Charge along with Stout's Chapel. Rev. Elwood Jones 
serves as pastor. Sunday School Superintendent is James Brady. Other officers include 
Wilson Green, assistant superintendent; Edith Kay Green, secretary; Mamie Cheek, 
Treasurer. The Sunday School teachers are: Verlia Brady, senior class; Mary Cassidy, 
young adults; Viola Coffin, youth class; Margaret Green, junior class; Dorothy Matthews, 
2nd class; Evangaline Leach, 3rd class; and Pam Cassidy, kindergarten. WSCS officers 
are Dorothy Matthews, president; Helen Harris, vice president; Maggie Green, 
secretary; and Mamie Cheek, treasurer. 

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New Center Christian Church 

New Center Christian Church, located on Route 1, Seagrove, some three miles off N. C. 
705, recently celebrated its golden anniversary with special services conducted at the 
church, located in a serene setting of Randolph countryside. The church was organized 
on September 23, 1872, in the Old Center Schoolhouse, which was located near the 
present church site. 

Reverend Hohn S. Lawrence was the organizer of the church and served as its first 
pastor. Charter members were Isaac Lawrence, Enoch Latham, Lockey Owens, 
Westward Cox, Martha Lawrence, Margaret Latham, Sally Cole, Sally Chriscoe, Mary 
Cole, Dolly Stutts, Adline Chriscoe, Gary Chriscoe, Eliza L. Cox, Mary E. Brady and Miley 
Owens. 

At first the services were conducted in the schoolhouse. About 1875, the congregation 
moved into an arbor and the first church building was constructed in 1883 on a six acre 
plot of land which was donated by James and Creacy Latham in 1874. The present church 
building was built in 1909-10 and over the years has undergone extensive remodeling, 
enlarging and refurnishing. 

The Rev. Lawrence, the first pastor, served as pastor of the church for three different 
periods of time. He also served the Christian Union Church, located a few miles away, for 
several years. He passed away in 1899, and is buried at the Pleasant Hill Methodist 
Church, located several miles away. 

The Rev. Wesley W. Lawrence was the second pastor to serve and was called back for 
three additional terms of service. Five other ministers - W. W. Hayworth, M. W. 
Hammer, H. A. Albright, John Q. Pugh, and H. V. Cox - each served as pastor on two 
different occasions. Others who have served as pastor over the years have included: J. R. 
Comer, P. S. Way, J. Z. Bell, James Webster, Benjamin F. Kearns, W. H. Roach, S. B. 
Klapp, R. F. Brown, S. R. Underwood, T. H. Green, W. J. Edwards, C. E. Gerringer, D. R. 
Moffitt, Hubert Bennett, M. A. Pollard, Hayes Ritter, James Caviness, Johnny D. Hussey 
and William E. Roberts. 

Vance Garner, a member of the church, donated land for a cemetery in 1919, and the 
first burial was the infant son of Floyd and Hattie Cox Graves. 

An organ was bought in 1910, and Justa Yow was the first organist. Electric power 
replaced oil lamps in 1945. 

Three members of New Center have been called into the ministry - Avery Brown, 
United Church of Christ; David Chriscoe, Baptist and Eddie Chriscoe, Wesleyan. 

In 1941, additional rooms were added to the building and in 1971, in preparation for 
the 100th anniversary celebration, new pews and wall-to-wall carpeting were installed 
under the supervision of Rayford Pierce, who spearheaded the project. More recently the 
church was brick-veneered. 

The new pulpit furnishings and many of the new pews were placed in memory of 
deceased members, including; Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Chriscoe, Joseph C. Yow, and Ada J. 
Yow, Annie Ester Gardner, Calvin Cassacy, Dora C. Albright, Mr. and Mrs. Barney 
Chriscoe, Annie Betsy Albright, Sarah B. Cassady, Nancy P. Pierce, Alfred and Elma 
Spencer, Emma D. Chriscoe, Arthur L. Davis, Alfred and Temp Brower, Jerry R. Mabe, 
Wayne Garner, Frank and Rocitta Craven, Wright Davis and Annie Davis, Mr. and Mrs. 
A. F. Garner, Reuben H. Brown and Annie W. Brown. 

Pews also were placed to honor Alfred and Annie Spencer and Helen G. Davis and 
other pews were donated by Rev. and Mrs. William E. Roberts and family, Mr. and Mrs. 
R. E. Albright, Mr. and Mrs. Beauford Maness, Mr. and Mrs. William Stutts and Bobby 
Jordan. 

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The 100th anniversary of the founding of New Center Church was formally observed on 
September 24, 1972, as the church officers and members participated in a service of 
rededication. 

Three great-granddaughters of James Latham, the doner of the land, are still active in 
the activities of New Center Church. They are Helen G. Davis, Cleadel Pierce and Zora 
Walker. 



New Hope United Methodist Church 

New Hope United Methodist Church, located about nine miles south of Asheboro just 
off Highway U. S. 220, dates its beginning back to the year 1878, and soon will be 
observing its 100th anniversary. 

Before New Hope church there was no church in the immediate area. People for miles 
around traveled on foot, horseback and in wagons to the two mother Methodist 
Protestant churches of the area, Flag Springs Methodist Protestant Church and Fair 
Grove Methodist Protestant Church. 

Sometime during the year 1878, a decision was made by several people in the 
community to build a church in a place more convenient for them. A day was set to meet 
to determine what could be done. In less than an hour and one-half the land was donated 
by Branson Presnell and wife to J. J. Auman, E. L. Spencer and J. A. Spencer, who had 
been appointed to the building committee. 

In the early part of the year 1879, work was begun on a church building. It is not 
certain whether it was completed that year or the next, nor is it known who was the first 
pastor to serve New Hope Methodist Protestant Church. Several years later an arbor 
was constructed for conducting revivals, a practice which was popular in that day. The 
arbor would seat many more people than the church sanctuary. 

After the turn of the century there was a growth in the population of the area and the 
congregation decided to build a larger, more modern church. By this time the original 
building was in desperate need of repair. W. M. Cox, Edmund Tucker and Cornelius 
Cagle were appointed to the building committee. In February, 1905, the foundation was 
laid for the second New Hope church building. The church was built through the gifts of 
cash and lumber. In later years, additions were made to the church building, and in the 
spring of 1956, the old church was torn down to make way for the third house of worship 
which has been used by the New Hope congregation. 

In 1947 under the pastorate of Rev. R. Williard, the membership decided to start a 
building fund in preparation for the construction of a new church building. The offering 
each second Sunday of the month was put into the building fund. Almost eight years later 
while the Rev. Giles O. Bowman was pastor, the members of the church decided to begin 
making plans to construct a new church building. 

A building committee was appointed in the early part of December, 1955, composed of 
Zeola Dorsett, Farley Voncannon, Howard Voncannon, Clayson Voncannon, Carl Nance, 
Ernest Presnell, Bertha Tucker, Winfred Sink, Neal Trogdon and Lester Dorsett. On 
December 28, 1955, the committee met at the parsonage to discuss the undertaking, and 
then began a period of planning of visitation to other churches to secure ideas. On 
Sunday afternoon, March 4, 1956, ground was broken for the new church with 

201 



appropriate ceremonies. The pastor and the district superintendent, Rev. Teague M. 
Hipps, led in the spading service along with members of the building committee. The 
Cagle and Bowers Construction Company of Asheboro was awarded the general contract 
for constructing the new building which cost approximately $30,000, but is is value at 
more than $40,000. Approximately $18,000 was in the building fund at the time 
construction began. The church received $3,000 from the Duke Endowment. The 
congregation moved into the new church on the first Sunday in August, 1956. During the 
previous month, services were conducted in the church basement which was completed 
before the sanctuary. 

A service of dedication was conducted on Sunday, March 30, 1958, by the district 
superintendent, Rev. John H. Carper, leading the service. A noon luncheon followed in 
the fellowship hall of the church. During the afternoon there was a special song service 
and a quarterly conference meeting of the South Randolph Charge of which New Hope 
was a member. New Hope is in the same charge with Flag Springs and Pisgah United 
Methodist Church, and is served by Rev. Bryon Fox. 

The last charter member of New Hope Church was Mrs. Angie Cox, who passed away 
in 1955. 

Panther Creek Baptist Church 

Quakers were the first people to worship at Panther Creek. The name came from the 
sleek panthers which populated the creek in early years. It is now known exactly when 
the Quakers began their worship services here, but the tombstones in the graveyard date 
back to 1852 when Dennis Cox died. Hannah Lowdermilk was buried there in 1863, as 
was Timmie Cox. Other names include Smith, Rich, Freeman, Woodell, King, Scott and 
Neese. 

The original church, which was built of logs, had almost rotted down before the 
Baptists began the present organization in a brush arbor. A few years later, they built 
the present church building. 

Ben Farrington was the first preacher for the Baptists at Panther Creek. The Rev. John 
Beane, a native of the community, is the present pastor and has served at two different 
times, making a total of 15 years. He has served continuously for the past twelve years. 

Recently a fellowship hall was completed. The building committee for this consisted of 
John Dixon, John Woodle, Resal Tedder and Newman Beane. 

Maple Springs 

Organized in 1888 the church is located southwest of Seagrove. In 1906 James E. and 
Caroline Harper donated one acre of land for cemetery use. Recently, the church was 
remodeled including brick veneering, a new roof and the addition of a vestibule. The 
auditorium was updated and stained glass windows were installed. Names familiar to 
the church history are found on the beautiful windows which were placed in 
rememberance of earlier contributors to the progress of the church. 

Windows are dedicated to Mr. and Mrs. Columbus Cole, Mr. and Mrs. John S. 
Ashworth, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred King, Mr. and Mrs. Elsie Farlow, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. 
Garner, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. King, and Mr. and Mrs. James G. Garner. Other windows 
were in memory of Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Cole, Rev. and Mrs. Williams H. Harper, Glenn J. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Jonah D. Lucas, Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Auman and James Deaton. 

Chairman of the board of deacons at Maple Springs Baptist Church is Larry Lucas. 
Sunday School Superientendent is Buddy Adams. Rev. Gerald Causey is the pastor. There 
are 80 on roll in the Sunday School. Church Clerk is Clacy King. 

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Memorandum 



Memorandum 



Memorandum