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THE LIBRARY OF THE
THE COLLECTION OF
VJal t er and Dorothy Auman
FOR USE ONLY IN
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2012 with funding from
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Dorothy and Walter Auman
VILLAGE PRINTING COMPANY
Asheboro, N. C.
The old Seagrove School District was selected as the area covered by this writing. This
includes all of Union, Richland and Brower Townships in Randolph County. Small
portions of Ceder Grove and Grant are also embraced since the school lines lay at a point
north of Ulah, east to Erect and west to Strieby and south to the county lines.
Materials were gathered over a period of eight weeks and made possible by the
various communities working with the scribes of their area. Hearty gratitude is given
those as well as all who took time from their busy schedules to relive incidents of days
gone by and to procure photographs of these remembrances.
Errors have been made and occasions omitted but there are memorandum pages in the
back of the book for corrections and additions to continue the story of the people living in
and around Seagrove.
Appreciation is extended to Ralph Bulla who has documented most of the churches of
our county and opened his files for our use. Those lacking were supplied by the
cooperation of the church historians. Charlesanna Fox, through her interest and love for
the people has collected and encouraged collection of news items which she most
generously shared through the Historical Room of the Asheboro and Randolph County
Library. Most of the school records were extracted with the kind permission of the
County Board of Education.
Thanks, too, are given to those who labored in producing materials. This Las truly been
a community project. But especially are we grateful for the patient work of Bill Tyler and
his office in making this presentable in printed form.
Map of 1912 Schools 8 & 9
Why Not Academy 10
Seagrove Schools 15
Teachers 1921 - 1930 25
Occupations ' 31
Cox's Mill Transcript 36
Erect Community 57
Pisgah Community 64
Ulah Community 68
Why Not Community , 74
Dolphin Graves Recollections 76
Alexander Spencer Diary Extractions 80
Esau Spencer Family History 90
Early Developments 96
Covered Bridges 99
Plank Road 103
1902 Richland Township Tax List 106
A & A Railroad 107
Henry Yow's Store 113
Highway 70 115
Town of Seagrove 118
First Town Tax List 1 20
Map of Seagrove 1915 123
1976 Map of Seagrove 125
Bank of Seagrove 126
Civic Organizations 132
Seagrove Town Officials 136
Chronological Events 138
Post Offices 147
Seagrove Area Churches 170
Randolph County School Districts 1840
Each district was 4 miles east and west and 9 miles north and south totaling 21 districts
for the entire county
In the beginning, education in this area often consisted of a few weeks of "formal"
learning taught by a man who was passing through, and who could read and cipher
arithmetic. Usually this teacher would only lodge long enough to earn a small fee, and
then he would move on. One such teacher was Nathan Cummings, who stayed at the
home of William Lassiter. George Auman and Thomas Cox were two of the fortunate
neighborhood children who were asked to participate in these brief weeks of education.
James Goodwin, who lived in the vicinity of Waddell's Ferry, was also listed as a
teacher, and a mention of a "Shady Oak" school has been found in this same area.
Churches, too, often served as places of education with the minister teaching adults as
well as children. Reverend Enoch Spinks was a vital force in those days; he was thought
to have taught and to have inspired others, in turn, to teach those people who desired to
learn to read.
In 1825, a "Literary Fund" was established by the state, and in 1839, the first efforts
for the establishment of a State Common Schools System was approved. Each county
voted on participation in this system. Randolph County's vote was 847 for and 515 against
the proposal, and all but seven counties in the state accepted the Common Schools.
The law required that each county would be divided into school districts of not more
than thirty-six square miles. In Randolph County, there were twenty-one districts each of
which was four miles wide from east to west, and nine miles long from north to south.
Each district was to provide $20. to which the Literary Fund would add $40. for a total
budget of $60. per district. The local people usually erected a building and used the funds
for paying a teacher's salary.
The southern part of the county was numbered districts 15-21, and their divisions,
according to the "Report of the Superintendent of Common Schools, February 4, 1840"
were as follows:
#15 Beginning at a stake in the county line north of Mannering Gardner's thence each
crossing Thomas Cox 4 miles to a stake in A. Skein's field thence south crossing Uharrie 9
miles to a stake in the Montgomery County line thence west crossing Uharrie 4 miles to a
post corner of said county line thence north on the county line 9 miles to the beginning.
#16 Beginning on a stake in A. Skeins field thence east crossing Thomas Creek and
Uharrie 4 miles to a Haw Bush in Belfour's old field thence south 9 miles to a stake in the
county line thence west on said line crossing Barns Creek 4 miles to a stake on the east of
Uharrie thence north crossing Uharrie 9 miles to the beginning.
#17 Beginning at Haw Bush in Belfour's old field thence east 4 miles to a B. Oak north of
Jacob Williams thence south crossing Little River 9 miles to a stake at the county line
thence west 4 miles to a stake in the corner of #16 district thence north 9 miles to the
#18 Beginning at a B. Oak north of Jacob William's thence east 4 miles to a hickory south
of Jothia Cox's thence south 9 miles to a Pine in the county line thence west crossing Pee
Dee Road 4 miles to a stake thence 9 miles to the beginning.
#19 Beginning at a hickory south of Joshia Cox's thence east crossing Richland Creek 4
miles to a Red Oak north of William Moffitt's Mill thence south crossing said creek 9 miles
to a stake in the county line in the boundry line thence west on the said line 4 miles to a
Pine tree in the corner of the #18 district thence north 9 miles to the beginning.
#20 Beginning at a Red Oak north of William Moffitt's Mill thence east 4 miles to a Post
Oak thence south 9 miles to a stake in the county line thence west on said line 4 miles to a
stake thence north crossing Fork Creek and Richland 9 miles to the beginning.
#21 Beginning at a Post Oak thence east crossing Deep River 4 miles to a stake in the
county line of Eli Bray's thence south on the said line 9 miles to a post in the corner of
Randolph County thence west on the said line crossing Deep River 4 miles to a stake
thence north crossing Fork Creek and Crooked Creek 9 miles to the beginning.
The county courts appointed Zebedee Rush, William B. Lane, and Jonathan Worth, as
a committee for the common schools with J. Worth serving as chairman. At the first
meeting on February 14, 1841, it was requested by A. W. Hogan that the districts be
divided in half, four miles by four miles, but it was decided to leave the plots as they were
surveyed and to allow those districts which so desired to hold an election for the people
to determine their own area boundries.
In March 1841 , other commissioners were elected. Present at this second meeting were
Jonathan Worth, chairman, Joseph Newben, Zebedee Rush, William Branson, John
Brown, and Jacob Auman. The districts began their inner divisions, and by 1847, there
were 59 areas which had or were in the process of building schoolhouses. The
committeemen elected from these districts were as follows:
July 31, 1847 School District Committee
1. A. Smith, B. Y. Hunt, Enoch Mendenhall
2. Amos Lambeth, Thomas Jones, Nathan Andrew
3. Alexander Robbins, Thomas White, William Hill
4. William Elliott, David Col , Johnathan Walker
5. Joseph Spencer, Enoch Farlow, George Davidson
6. John Coltrain, James Pool, Isaac Frazier
7. Solomon Wall, John Adams, Franklin Garner
8. Samuel Miliken, Issac Farlow, George Davidson
9. Michael Reding, David Ballentine, Joseph Causey
10. William Cavaness, Miles Cavniss, Jesse Wilson
11. Alexander Frazier, John Hinshaw, Davis
12. Z. Wood, Isaac Patterson, H. Wilson
14. Malhon Allred, John Julian, Harvel Julian
15. Peter Julian, William Staley, Christian Kime
16. William Allred, Oliver Cox, Abrham Richardson
17. J. W. Brower, Simon McMasters, J. W. Long
18. Robert Kirkman, John Staley, N. P. Kivett
19. G. W. Kinby, Brinkley Pierce, J. Jones
20. Benjamin Nana, Wyatt Nana, J. K. Wood
21. Riley Hill, Azel Rush, Allen Keerans
22. Henry Fulton, William Walker, Emisley Beckerdite
23. Thomas Stalkin, Michael Robbins, Jesse Robbins
24. Alfred Reding, Alexander Byms, Nathan Wheeler
25. Simon Jones, B. Nixon, Harlin Hale
27. Calvin Bulla, John , D. M. Rich
28. Jesse Larrance, J. Wright, J. A. Drake
29. Michael Cox, W. W. Brower, Joshua Cox
30. Samuel Free, Asa Summer, Thomas Branson
32. John Hendricks, J. Hammer, Eli Spoon
33. Joseph Reece, Samuel Allred, Joseph A. Allred
34. Larrance Cox, Peter Black, Daniel Allen
35. John Henley, Solomon Cox, Enoch Davis
36. Alfred , Thomas Marley, Joseph Bowden
37. R. M. Hinson, Nathan W. Cox, John Williams
38. John Lambeth, Jesse Lambeth, Aaron Moffitt
39. Allen Skien, John Ingram, Mariah Dorsett
40. Thomas Nana, John Ingram, Steed
41. Isaac Keerns, Elridge Carter, Dawson Steed
42. Jonathan Lassiter, Richard Andrews, McCain Russell
44. Zebedee Rush, Marajah Hill, John Hill
45. George Latham, Leonard Cranford, Nathan Overton
47. John Graves, Immer Bean, James Hurley
48. William Lowdermilk, Solomon Latham, Joseph Vuncannon
49. Charles Boling, Nathan Spencer, Silas Presnell
50. Mathew Woddle, Joshua Pool, Isaac Frazier
51. John Leach, William Tucker, George Spencer
52. Benjamine Cox, Amos Comer, Nathan Craven
53. John Howard, Charles Moffitt, Stephen Hinshaw
54. Isaac Larrence, William Spencer, William Luck
55. M. Shaw, William Carter, Joseph Stout, Jr.
56. Calvin Brown, William S. Ward, Elijah Whitney
57. John Woddle, Joshua Pool, James Needham
58. Silas Moffitt, Lewis Brady, M. D. Bray
59. John Fruit, David Walker, Hiram Carter
These schools were a good beginning, although the children had to walk the distances
to school each day over poor roads or mere paths without bridges for crossing the creeks
and lowlands. The one-room buildings were made of logs or unpainted planks, while
fireplaces and shuttered windows provided heat and light. Often unused homesteader
cabins were converted into school houses. Private schools were still held in areas cut off
by creeks, and in areas where the distance was too far for the young children to walk.
School sessions were held for two or three months in the winter during the hours of
8:00 - 11:35 in the morning, and 1:00 - 4:00 in the afternoon. At first, one teacher was
appointed for each district having less than 90 pupils. An excess of that number entitled
the school to two or more teachers, according to the ratio. Later this number was
reduced to a ratio of 80 pupils to one teacher, and then again to 70 pupils to one teacher.
The average monthly salary for the teacher was $24.
Efforts were made to establish rules with which to govern the schools. In 1846, a local
committee was formed to examine the teachers on an annual basis. In 1851, a resolution
was passed that "B. G. Worth, William Murdoch, and Nathan Farlow would meet in
Asheborough on the third Wednesday of Steptember, October, and November, for the
purpose of examining all county teachers.
Republished in N. C. School Bulletin Sept. 1967
Page your paper in regular order, and number your answers under the different
studies to correspond with number of questions, and thus avoid having to write the
Write in large letters across your paper the names of the different branches as you get
to them. Make your answers as short as possible, but be explicit-concise but plain.
of Applicants for Certificates to
TEACH PUBLIC SCHOOL
1. What is a letter? A syllable? A Word?
2. Name the vowels and give their sign. Define pronunciation and accent of words.
3. How is the plural of words formed? What rules regulate the addition of a syllable to
monosyllables, or words of one syllable, and words of two syllables when accented on the
4. Give all the uses of capital letters?
5. Correct the following if spelled incorrectly? (1) Diveing, (2) Untill, (3) Religeous, (4)
Headake, (5) Runing, (6) Beleive, (7) Seperate, (8) Refering, (9) Orthorety, (10) Secretery
1. Meet (2) Meat, (3) Sea, (4] See, (5) Straight, (6) Strait, (7) Inter, (8) Enter, (9) Need, (10)
1. What is reading?
2. In reading, define accent, articulation, emphasis and inflection.
3. Name and explain the uses of the different punctuation marks used in reading.
4. Explain the difference in grammatical and rhetorical pauses in reading.
5. What are some of the undispensable qualities of good reading, and how do you teach
You will be marked on writing by the manner in which you write your answers to the
questions on reading, just above.
1. Name the five fundamental principals or rules of arithmetic, and give the meaning of
Minuend, Subtractend, Product, Quotient.
2. Name the vaious kinds of fractions and give an example of each. What do you mean by
the "least common multiple," and the "greatest common divisor" or a number? Explain
the difference between the numerator and denominator of a fraction. How do you add, or
subtract common fractions?
3. What is the difference between common fractions and docimal fractions? What is the
difference in result between prefixing a cipher, to a decimal fraction, at the same time
moving the decimal point one place to the left, and annexing a cipher without moving the
4. What is the legal N. C. interest on $450.20 for 2 years. 6 months and 15 days?
5. How do you calculate the per cent of gain or loss on a sale? Extract the square root of
1. Name the different parts of speech, and define each.
2. Name and define the different parts of speech that are subdivided and name those that
are not subdivided.
3. What is a sentence, and what are the principal parts of a sentence. Define a phrase,
clause and modifier.
4. How many tenses has each of the moods? Defind them. Give the participles in both
voices of the verb "love."
5. Define a regular, irregular transitive and intransitive verb. Name the different kind of
sentences in respect to form, and in regard to meaning, and give an example of each
1. What is Geography? Name and define its divisions. Name and define the divisions of
land and water.
2. Name and explain the motions of the earth. Its orbit.
3. What is a great circle? A small circle? Meridian circle? A meridian Equator?
4. Explain Latitude, Longitude. Equinoxes and Solstices. Name, locate and define the
5. Bound the State in which you live and the county in which you live. Name and locate
the capital of the U. S. and your State; and name and locate the principal city of the U. S.,
and of your State.
1. What is Physiology?
2. What is Anatomy? Hygiene?
3. What are the three general divisions of the bones? Name their uses.
4. Name the organs of circulation and tell the use of each organ.
5. What three stages are there in the effect of alcohol on the nervous system? Tell the
effects of alcohol and tobacco on those who use them.
N. C. HISTORY
1. Tell about the early attempts to settle N. C.; and who the prominent settlers were,
where they came from, where they settled and when was it.
2. Who were the representatives from N. C. in the first Continental Congress? Name the
battles of the Revolutionary war fought in N. C.
3. Tell why N. C. withdrew from the Union in 1861, and what part she took in the civil war
of that date.
4. How was N. C. governed upto the Revolutionary War? Who was the first governor
after the Declaration of Independence? Who, in your opinion, is the greatest man N. C.
has produced? Who is governor now?
5. What great statesman, of national reputation, has Warren county produced? Give the
natural advantages of N. C, and her disadvantages.
U. S. HISTORY
1. Where and when was the first permanent English settlement made in the U. S.? What
other nations made settlements within the present limits of the U. S.?
2. Name the principal wars of the English colonies in America prior to the Revolution, and
name some of the noted leaders of that time.
3. Give the causes of the Revolutionary War. Name some of the principal battles, and tell
who the chief commanders of the American and British forces were in that war.
4. What were the causes of the wars of 1812, 1845, and 1896? Name the leading U. S.
Generals of each of these wars. Give the territory acquired by the war of 1896?
5. What were the causes of the great Civil war of 1861 - 1865? Who were the great
Commanders on both sides during this war? Name the first President of the U. S., and
name the present President and his cabinet.
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF TEACHING, AND PEDACOGY
1. Which do you think is the better method of teaching, Inductive or Deductive? Give the
meaning of these two methods.
2. Give what you condier the proper qualifications of a true teacher.
3. What do you think of corporal punishment, and when would you inflict it? How would
you punish pupils, and for what offenses would you punish them?
4. Give a general outline of how you would conduct your school - Hours of study and
5. What are the true rewards of a teacher?
1. State what you understand is to be taught your pupils in civil government.
2. What are the principal Divisions of our National Government?
3. Give the duties of the different branches of our National Government, and tell how the
different officers are elected.
4. What are the principal Divisions of our State Government, and of our county
5. Give the duties of the different branches of our State and County Government, and tell
how the different State and County officers are elected.
Write out, at the end of your examination papers, the following certificate and sign it, or
else your papers will not be graded.
"I hereby certify that I have neither given nor received aid from any source during this
Four hours is ample time for any applicant, who is sufficiently qualified, to occupy in
taking this examination, and the time taken will be considered in grading the papers.
In 1850, the following texts were recommended by a specially chosen committee as
proper books to be used in the Common Schools of Randolph County: Trutman and Hayes
Spelling Book, Porter's Rhetorical Reader, Webster's Dictionary: Orators own Book,
Mitchell's Geography, Emmerson's Arithmetique, and Smith's Grammar. However, not
many of the schools were able to obtain all of these books. The Bible was always used,
and in many schools it was sometimes studied as the only text.
The first Committee meeting to be held after 1854, was held on April 15, 1861 when
petitions were read asking for the election of new committee members and for the
examination of the teachers. More divisions in the districts were created totaling 71. The
new committeemen selected for the districts were:
April 15, 1861 District School Committee
1. J. C. Leach, Milo O'Brian, William Mendenhall
2. John Dorsett, J. H. Leach, A. M. Petty
3. C. A. Blair, William Hill, A. G. Petty
4. E. N. Davis, Mahlon Millikan, Jesse M. Blair
5. Joseph Redding, John Farlow, Enoch Farlow
6. Nathan Spencer, Solomon Frazier, William Tomlison
7. Jesse Walker, Mordicai Lamb, Newton Newlin
8. Joseph Farlow, Jonathan , Benjamin Millikan
9. Joseph C , Kelly Davis, William Branson
10. Zebedee Hinshaw, Isaac Lane, J. N. Vickory
11. Julius C John White, A. Osborne
12. William Osborne, David Chamnoss, Jesse Walker
13. David Teague, Herman Wilson, David Johnson
14. Isaac Trogdon, Minus Hinshaw, Samuel Hardie
15. M. L. Cox, David Staley, William Staley
16. John B. York, John Hayes, Peter Richardson
17. S Black, Alfred Troy, H. S. Lane
18. Nathan Kivett, Elan Staley, Riley Williams
19. Brinkley Pierce, Jordan Ray, Ransom Harris
20. William A. Lane, G. W. Ingram, Eli Pearce
21. R. M. Walker, A. M. Pugh, J. C. Harris
22. Henry Fuller, John Plummer, William Lowe
23. John Robbins, M. C. Lamb, F. C. Robbins
24. Thomas Redding, Macajah Henley, Alexander Byms
25. Ninon Henley, Isaac Keerns, John A. Craven
26. Elijah Allred, D. K. Rush, Joshua Davis
27. Derius Hinshaw, Thomas Jordan, A. J. Laughlin
28. E. J. C , S. McMasters, J. M. Worth
29. William Henley, Nathaniel Brown, Lindsay Cox
30. Tryon Trogdon, Samuel Pace, Peter Julian
31. Alfred Pike, J. B. Russell, George Makapence
32. William Wright, William Burrow, A. N.
33. John Parks, W. B. Allen, Joseph L. R
34. Daniel Allen, Daniel Henson, A. J. York
35. John M. S , Elias Macon, Eli Cox
36. Alfred , Frazier, Solomon
37. George A. Foust, John W. , Novi Cox
38. Alfred Caviness, Samuel J. Craven, William S. Marley
39. Roy Keerns, Marsh Dorsett, James A. Skien
40. J. C. , Isaac Tompson, H. H. Keerns
41. Noah Rush, Cornelius Hix, Aaron Lassiter
42. McCain Russell, Willie Andrews, Cornelius Loflin
43. Henry Hill, Phillip Clodfellow, John Griffin
44. Rich Garner, Franklin Davis, Henry Henley
45. Strider, William Burney, Sidney C. Luther
46. William Branson, Samuel Hammons, Peter Vuncannon
47. R. Milks, John Welch, Hillary Luther
48. William Ludermilk, Edmun Vunkannin, William Presnell
49. George Auman, John Lucas, James Page
50. Mathew Woddle, Daniel Brown, Cornelius Neece
51. Raboun Yow, Israil Lowdermilk, William Tucker
52. William D , B. L. Coffin, James W. Burrows
53. William J. Allbright, Zemmi Hancock, Jer Pickett
54. Daniel B. Leach, Garrett Spinks, Wyatt Williams
55. E. F. Owens, J , William Macon
56. Larrence Macon, William Nard, Dennis Moffitt
57. John Spinks, Abijah Trodgon, John Maness
58. Daniel Lambert, Henry Lambert, William Phillips
59. Thomas Craven, Daniel Thomas, C. F. Campbell
60. L. M. Moffitt, Alfred Moffitt, Paschall McCoy
61. Nathan Winslow, William M. Milton, W. J. Brookshire
62. Eli Ward, O. P. Cox, Amejiah Hardin
63. Lewis Johnson, Nimiah Rush, Alson Johnson
64. G. W. Hurley, Haley C , William Jones
65. John B. Troy, Alfred Lane, Abrham Wright
66. Lewis Bingham, Hiary Bingham, Wilborn Russell
67. Milton Leonard, Stephen Allred, Alson Jennings
68. Lee Eldon, A Tomlinson, William English
69. Samuel Keerns, Samuel Arnold, Jr., Hesekiah Andrews
70. James Brady, John Brady, Silas Moffitt
71. William Hughes, Henry Nance, Richard Small
Perhaps if the Civil War had not interrupted, improvements would have continued, but
during this time all local efforts were placed on the major crisis and many schools were
forced to close. Others struggled to remain open by hiring women to teach.
After the war, separate schools for Negroes were established. Heretofore, some Negro
children had been attending white schools, especially those privately run by churches.
Parents who had taught their own and their neighbor's children at home had included
their Negro children in the group. Also at this time, all apprenticed children were
required by law to be taught how to read and write by age 21.
The entire Common School System was revised in 1881 and James T. Cochran was
chosen as county superintendent. Teacher institutes for both white and negro instructors
were held for periods of 10 days each. All schools were required to operate for "at least
three months" and schools in those districts which elected to levy a tax for teachers
salary were able to operate four month sessions.
State and local legislation worked to improve the effectiveness of the system. A guide
for teachers was drawn up which stated:
Teachers each day will fill and clean lamps and trim wicks.
Each teacher will bring or see that a bucket of water and wood for fire is provided for
each day's session.
Teacher will make and sharpen pens for each pupil's practice sessions of writing.
After classes, the teacher should spend time reading the Bible and other good books.
Men teachers may take one evening each week for courting purposes or two evenings if
they go to church regularly.
Women teachers who engage in unseemly conduct will be dismissed.
Every teacher should lay aside from each pay a goodly sum of his earnings for his benefit
during declining years so that he will not become a burden to society.
Any teacher who smokes, uses liquor or gets shaved in a barber shop will give good
reason to suspect his worth, intentions, integrity, and honesty.
Schools were divided into township areas as much as possible. New committeemen
were elected to serve these new districts. School buildings were improved or rebuilt, and
many were consolidated into one new school, therefore reducing the total number of
In 1883 these committees were elected from the following townships:
1883 School Committees
R. L. Coltrane
B. F. Steed
T. C. Fentress
J. W. Pugh
D. P. Coble
I. W. Burgess
W. P. Fox
Willam N. Foust
R. M. Cox
A. S. Homey
L. D. Birkhead
A. G. Robbins
Z. F. Rush
A. B. Finch
B. F. Rush
S. E. Teague
J. E. Albright
W. D. King
H. M. Johnson
J. B. Homey
B. W. Steed
J. W. Ridge
James T. Bostick
J. N. Caudle
A. A. Steed
J. W. Bean
Y. H. Cox
Eli. A. Craven
W. F. Dorsett
J. F. Lyndon
P. M. Riley
H. T. Moffitt
D. H. Hayworth
J. A. Cole
J. R. Frazier
A. J. Tomlinson
W. N. Elder
Why Not Academy
One school established around this time was able to serve the community in both a
public and private school capacity. This school was the Why Not Academy.
Education activity began at Why Not as soon as the Fair Grove Church was erected in
1871. According to the church history written by Mrs. Minnie Stuart and sister Mrs.
Connie Lowdermilk, a school was started in the church on a Monday after the last
windows were installed on the preceding Saturday.
James P. Boroughs taught both the private and public schools in and near the church
until 1892 when he and others purchased land across from Fair Grove church and built a
school. It was at this date the name of Why Not Academy was established.
The first session of Why Not Academy was started on August 7, 1893 with J. H.
Spencer, E. E. McNeil, J. F. Chisholm, M. A. Cagle, and T. W. Lawrence as trustees. J. A.
King later bought out Mr. Chisholm. Professor Boroughs bought out the trustees for $350
after the first year.
Not only was the Primary and Intermediate Departments taught but a High School
Department was also added. The County paid tuition and other expenses for all
elementary students to attend the school from October to January and those who could
afford it received private instruction from August to September as well as during the free
The Academy building contained four rooms, two upstairs and two downstairs. The
primary grades were held upstairs while the lower floor was used for instruction of the
Why Not Academy 1909
Last Class at Why Not Academy Spring 1915
Fifth Row: Tula Morris (Ward) teacher, Pearl Garner, Lila Hancock (Cole), Nova Stutts (Yarborough), Lela
Smith (Lemonds), Eva Smith (Hulin), Clayton Monroe (deceased). Eldon Garner.
Fourth Row: Lizzie Lawrence (Farlow), Hazel Garner (Dixon), Ruth McNeill, Pearl Cagle (deceased). Maple
Lawrence (Stevens) (deceased), Lillian King (Tysor), Mary Alice Lawrence (deceased).
Third Row: J. B. Slack, Mozelle Hancock (Leach) - with bow, Valentine Hancock, Hattie Yow (Boone). Alton
Stutts. Flossie Yow (Hancock) (deceased), (skip three girls of second row), Clarence Cagle, James Cagle,
Elizabeth Slack (Williams).
Second Row: Carl Smith (deceased), Curtis Garner (deceased). Clifford Lawrence, Harry Monroe (deceased),
Paul Hancock, Otis Stutts. Clyde Cagle, Claude Smith (deceased), Floyd McNeill, John Lawrence. Verne Stuart.
Kneeling in Front: Ralph Lawrence, Homer Hancock, Carlie Stutts (deceased).
high school students.
School day began at 8:30 am and lasted until 4:30 pm. A bell rang at 8 o'clock to warn
the students and then again at 8:30. Any late comers received demerits from their
grades. Several of these rated a whipping - boys and girls alike.
Boys and girls were not permitted to sit together in the same class room. A walled
partition separated them and the Professor was able to sit in front of the room and
observe both sides of the partition. There was no speaking between the girls and boys.
Even on the grounds this rule was effected. According to Mrs. Bertha Richardson special
permission had to be obtained to even speak to a brother or sister.
Due to the rigid discipline of Professor Boroughs the school received an excellent name
throughout this section of the country. Students attended from Moore, Montgomery,
Surry and Guilford counties and others and from all areas of Randolph.
These students boarded with local families. The Spencer, King, and Cagle families
were a few that received students. Some boarded taking meals with the families, others
rented rooms and did light housekeeping. Board was $7 to $8 per month and rooms
unfurnished rented for 50 cents to $1.00 while furnished rooms were $.75 to $1.50.
Washing and ironing were extra.
The school was run successfully by J. P. Boroughs until the summer of 1900 when he
was elected Register of Deeds for Randolph County.
G. F. Garner, who had been in charge of the Commercial and Penning Department for
several years, leased the property. In 1903 he purchased the building and four acres of
land for $500. He updated the Advanced Department adding typewriters, new desks and
other equipment. He then called it Why Not Academy and Business Institute. According
to his catalog each student was expected to have a Bible in his possession and
was encouraged to read it regularly. Boarding students were required to be in their
rooms by 7 o'clock nightly for study.
"The people of Why Not and surrounding Community are respectfully requested not to
give any social entertainment or parties to which they invite students during the school
week. We must insist that the student's business here is to study and the attendance
upon such entertainments or parties is detrimental to his school life."
It is the object of the Principal to make the discipline uniform, kind, but firm. Every
student is taught the right and is required to do the right. We expect to make the type of
our school high with respect to morality, and we will not be bothered with mean and
vicious pupils. Any student willfully violating the rules of school, or whose influence is
known to be injurious to the morals and scholarship of his fellow students will be
dismissed in dishonor.
Students entering the school must agree to observe the following regulations.
1. To apply themselves diligently to their studies during study hours at night and
during school hours in the day, when not on recitation.
2. To be prompt at meals and all school exercises and recitations.
3. Not to write or pass notes, nor communicate by word, sign or otherwise during
school hours, except by permission.
4. Not to use profane or indecent language.
5. Not to carry concealed weapons.
6. Not to use any intoxicating drink or narcotic drugs of any king, except in case of
dangerous sickness or prescribed by a physician.
7. Not to smoke cigarettes, nor use tobacco in any form in or around any building on
the school grounds. If any student persists in using it elsewhere his standing will be
thereby lowered and so entered on his record.
8. Not to mark, cut, or in anyway deface the school property, trees or grounds. The
student is required to pay for damage done to property by him.
9. Not to play cards, or any game of chance, nor to indulge in any conduct, in or out
of school, known to be damaging to the students or to the interests of school.
10. Young gentlemen are not allowed to make calls on young ladies, and young
ladies are not allowed to have young gentlemen visitors, except by permission of parents
or guardian and Principal.
11. Every student is required to be at his boarding place from 7 o'clock at night until
8 o'clock in the morning.
12. No student will be allowed to leave the school or his or her boarding place,
except by permission of the Principal, or his representative. Boarding students who go
home on Friday evenings are excused to leave as soon as their week's work is done.
The catalog also stated there were no short courses offered but a "thorough complete
and practice course in each department. The time required to complete either the
Commercial, Penmanship, Shorthand or Typewriting course depends upon the aptness
and application of the student. The average time was from four to six months to complete
these courses while four years was required for completion of a literary course.
The Primary Department embraced the first four grades as taught in the Public School
course of the state. In the Intermediate Department the fifth, sixth and seventh grades
were taught as indicated in the Public School course while in the High School Department
were taught the eighth, ninth, and tenth grades.
The same books were used for the lower grades as was selected for use in public
schools of North Carolina. High School level of Mathematics used Robinson, Wentworth,
Milne books; Latin scholars used Bingham, Collar and Daniell, Allen and Greenough
books. English History used the Montgomery book but General History had to rely on the
Myers book. Physical Geography embraced Maury. Commercial students used William
and Rogers. Shorthand books were by Pernin. The cost of books varied from $3.00 to
$9.00 per student depending on the subjects studied. Supplementary reading was
required in all departments. Penmanship and Music students were to practice one hour
each day and more if deemed necessary.
The Commercial Department taught Spelling and Definitions; Bookkeeping - single and
double entry. Commercial Law, Commercial Arithmetic, Grammer and Correspondence,
Punctuation, Plain Penmanship, Banking, and Business Practice.
Ornatmental Penmanship, Pen Flourishing, Pen Drawing, Blackboard Writing and
Specimen Work were offered in the Penmanship Department.
Shorthand and typewriting were taught the Pernin Universal Phonographic form with
practice work on the Oliva Typewriter. Diplomas were only given after passing an
examination and writing as many as one hundred words per minute. Typing required
sixty words per minute. It was the purpose to prepare students with a practical
education equipped to work in various business or to advance their studies at college
Religious influence were stressed in all classes. The school day opened with devotions.
All students were required to attend Sunday School and Church Service at one of the
Also required was physical exercise. All students, when weather permitted, took part
in out-door game. "A sound mind cannot exist without a sound body."
Of all the activities, perhaps, Commencement Day has been most fondly recalled.
Neighbors came from miles around to join in the gaity and fellowship. Tents were erected
under the trees where ice cream and lemonade were sold. Cake, cookies, and
sandwiches were in abundance. Novelists and even photographers were on hand to take
rememberance pictures. These were small about 1 inch square - and sold for one cent
each. These were traded with friends and pasted in scrap books as a token of the day.
Musicians with stringed instruments filled the air with rythm.
Many recall that it was at Why Not they saw their first automobile. Someone from
Randleman had driven down in one for the event. Horses that were tied in the shade of
trees broke loose and went astray, running into tents making general havac. But soon all
was righted when the vehicle was parked some distance away.
It was not all frolic for coveted metals were awarded. Many students had worked hard
to prepare for these contests. In 1908 Rev. John M. Gibbs of Hope Mills gave the address
and the following students won awards.
Reciter's medal, Miss Bertha Yow, Seagrove, N. C.
Declaimer's medal, Mr. J. A. Russell, Troy, N. C.
Reciter's medal to children, Miss Nova Stutts
The honorable Robert N. Page was present in 1909 when the medals were given to:
Reciter's medal, Miss Margret Slack, Seagrove, N. C.
Declaimer's medal, Mrs. J. A. Hulin, Troy, N. C.
Reciter's medal to children, Miss Katie Belle Cagle
Why Not Academy And Business Institute 1909-1910
Freeman, Laura G.,
Garner, Walter C.
Garner, Herbert L.,
Garner, Bertha L.,
Garner, Grady R.,
Garner, Eldon C,
Hancock, Maggie L.,
Hancock, Lila M.,
Hancock, Ora E.,
Hulin, D. F.,
Hulin, J. A.,
Hunsucker, H. G.
King, D. O.,
King, Wm. C,
King, Elsie, Randolph
King, Myrtle, Randolph
King, Clyde, Randolph
King, Rufus, Randolph
King, Boyd, Randolph
King, Allene, Randolph
King, Ethel, Randolph
Lawerence, Everett, Randolph
Lawerence, Faye, Randolph
Lawerence, Pauline, Randolph
Lawerence, Delphine, Randolph
Lilly, Orlendo, Randolph
Ledbetter, Roy E. Randolph
Ledbetter, James P., Randolph
Ledbetter, Margaret Randolph
Lowdermilk, H. H., Randolph
Lowdermilk, Stacy C, Randolph
Luck, Fleta A., Randolph
Maness, Willie B., Moore
Maness, W.L., Moore
Maness, L.R., Moore
Monroe, Graham, Randolph
Monroe, Ada C, Randolph
Monroe, Clayton, Randolph
Moore, Lorena, Randolph
McNeill, C. C, Moore
McNeill, Lula, Moore
McNeill, Beulah, Moore
McNeill, Estelle, Randolph
McNeill, Laura, Randolph
Seawell, John S.,
Owen, Houston J.,
Stutts, Annie J.,
Parks, Junie L.,
Stutts, Erastus E.,
Parks, Jessie M.,
Stutts, Herman D.,
Stutts, Farry 0.,
Stutts, Nova E.,
Russell, J. A.,
Slack, Margaret T.,
Slack, J. M.,
Welch, Perry L.,
Slack, E. L.,
*Yow, Emmett A.,
Stuart, Mabel G.,
Yow, Eula E.,
Stuart, Hester S.,
Tuition Of Why Not Academy
Primary Department $1.00 to $1.50 Commercial Department $3.00
Intermediate Department $1.50 to 2.00 Penmanship Department $3.00
High School Department $2.00 to 3.00 Shorthand and typewriting $3.00
Music (including use of instrument) $2.50
On April 3, 1911, it was ordered by the county school board that "the community
around Seagrove in Richland Township be given a district on the following conditions:
that they build a school house at their own expense in keeping with the need of the people
to be served and the educational idea of the county not to the detriment of Blalock or any
other district, and as near the center of the proposed district as possible for the best
interests of the patron of the school in said district."
The place selected for the first Seagrove School was just south of the present residence
of Carl King, using the vacated flour mill. Lewis Parks gave the land and building on the
condition that it would revert back to his family if the school was ever dissolved. Henry
Yow and others furnished the money to buy necessary items for the school. Madison
Farlow agreed to furnish the lumber for remodeling the building and all the neighbors
agreed to provide the labor needed.
By that winter the school was ready for the pupils. Miss Romie Yow was the first
teacher. In 1912, the county allotted only $50 to pay part of the salary since it was still
listed as a private school. But by the next session it was accepted as part of the public
common School system. Seagrove was officially listed as District #17 in Richland
Township. It was ordered that the A & A Railroad be the line between Why Not and
Blalock School and that the town limits be the line for Seagrove.
In spite of a very small budget, this was a time for growth in all the surrounding
schools. A petition to create a new school district in Union Township between Ulah and
High Pines School was entered July 3, 1911. This was accepted and the district was
alloted $300 for building costs. Another teacher was given to Cross Roads School and
also to Mt. Olivet School. A new schoolhouse was built for Piney Ridge. The old one was
sold and the proceeds were spent for improvements.
Trogdon - W. S. Gardner, G. F. Gatlin, J. L. Owens
Mt. Olivet - T. W. Maness, E. B. Leach, B. F. Brown
Antioch - L. Q. Asbill, Simon Cox, J. H. Macon
Brower - J. W. Brower, Hardy Chrisco
Rock Springs - Noah King, M. J. Presnell, J. M. Vuncannon
Blalock - W. H. Russell, J. W. Richardson, A. Burroughs
Why Not - J. A. Monroe, M. A. Cagle, T. W. Lawrence
Cross Roads - R. H. Brown, W. M. Staley, J. C. Lowdermilk
New Center - W. M. Chrisco, T. F. Craven, Ruffin Cole
Cox - O. M. Yow, W. R. Graves
Welch - C. W. Shaw, J. M. Luther, C. H. Lucas
High Pine - R. M. Cagle, A. R. Callicutt, W. L. Vuncannon
Dunn's Cross Roads - J. S. Richardson, L. King, R. L. Lucas
Mountain - J. R. Richardson, W. R. Williams, J. B. Presnell
Pisgah - G. O. Bean, S. A. Cox, Thomas Slack
Rocky Ridge - W. A. Dawson, E. O. Hussey, E. Whatley
January 1912 School Census
Dunn's Cross Roads
In 1916 Why Not was asked to consolidate with Seagrove, but loyal Why Not Patrons
opposed the move so it was left for "a time". The Pleasant Grove school was to be painted
if the patrons would pay 2/3 of the cost. Part of these pupils were allowed to join with
Chatham County in a school located near the county line, since their school had become
overcrowded. Some of the patrons at the Moore County line asked for and were granted
permission to attend Needham's Grove. Some other students found it more convenient to
attend Mt. Olivet while Davis School was being erected in the tip end of Richland
Township on Brower's Mill Road. Seagrove School was alloted four teachers because the
excellant quality of education there enticed many pupils from the fringe lines of Rock
Springs, Blalock and Why Not.
Commencement at Seagrove's first school
J. Will Bean, Principal and Bertha Garner, grade teacher.
DUNN'S CROSS ROADS SCHOOL CLASS OF 1919
Reece Cole. Lillian Sykes, Mary Rose, Melba Cole, Lynn Auman, Bernice Auman,
Hazel Auman, Ervin Cole. Dossie Rose, Clyde Lucas, Myrtle Rose. Lora Rose,
Lemar Lucas. Everett Auman. Stella Lucas. Nina Beane. Jewell Thomas, John
Rose, Lola King, Cora Rose, Ray Cole. Roy Cole, Arthur Auman. Edna Auman.
On January 7, 1918, it was decided by the county board to build a new building for
Seagrove. The location "shall be on the West side of the Railroad at the point most
suitable which is the lot at the end of the proposed strut running west from the planning
mill provided, however, the street is opened for the convenience of the people and School
children and provided the lot can be purchased in accordance with the law. This is the
site selected by the County Superintendent and the building shall be constructed by fall
provided there is no objection raised by the majority of the people."
In April, it was ordered that the new schoolhouse about to be built would be located on
the East side of the railroad, just east of Frank Auman's residence, instead of west as
first decided. It was at this time that Frank Auman was appointed to the school
committee to replace Mr. Callicutt who had left the district. At the meeting in July, $750
was appropriated to the new school at Seagrove. The old one was to be sold at an auction
with the proceeds to be used to aid the building fund. The lot was returned to Mr. Lewis
Parks who gave it originally for school purposes.
The site for the new school was deeded by William Stutts to the school committee, M. F.
Farlow, L. T. Parks, and Frank Auman for the sum of $200.00. In addition to the Richland
School Committee, W. C. Garner and E. B. Leach were appointed to the building
However, there was strong opposition from Blalock, Why Not, and the Rock Springs
district, petitions were read to the county board pleading for the retainment of their own
schools. On August 23, 1919 the following was noted in the minute book.
"The purpose of this meeting was to determine whether or not the Seagrove
schoolhouse should be built on the east side of the railroad or whether it should be built
at all. Owing to the fact that building materials had been purchased for the building and
placed on the grounds, it was decided to continue with the new house on the site
purchased about a year ago."
The School Board decided to leave Blalock School as it was, and Why Not was given a
school of grades 1-4, since their old building had burned, providing the patrons would
furnish their own building. Rock Springs was allowed to cut timbers on the school ground
and build in time for the fall session. $200.00 from the county budget was alloted for this
project. The first session of Seagrove school, to be held in the new building which now
featured a high school, opened in the spring of 1920. Why Not was discontinued in 1921
and Blalock closed in 1924. Rock Springs also closed at a later date.
Trogdon - W. M. Kiser, R. E. Baldwil, E. O. Garner
Mt. Olivet - G. W. Teague, L. O. Sugg, D. Y. Bray
Antioch - Arthur Hicks, B. F. Kearns
County Line - J. W. Brower
Rock Springs - Noah King, J. M. Vuncannon
Blalock - A. Boroughs, W. H. Russell, J. S. Lucas
Cox - O. M. Yow, W. R. Graves
Cross Roads - J. M. Brower, T. J. Bean, R. L. Albright
Center - Ruffin Cole, Frank Craven, A. C. Lowdermilk
Oak Glade - W. M. Staley - Daniel McCarn
Seagrove - Frank Auman, Madison Farlow, A. R. Auman
Davis - Clark Spencer, Calvin Chrisco, Frank Davis
Welch - E. A. Shaw, Shelton Strider
High Pine - R. O. Parks, W. L. Vuncannon
Dunn's Cross Roads - Bethel Lucas
Pisgah - S. A. Cox, H. A. Lucas, Thomas Slack
Mountain - D. A. Dorsett, W. M. Coble, Jasper Vuncannon
Ulah - Carl Lewallen, E. Whattley, H. M. Cranford
Rocky Mountain - R. F. Garner, J. F. Thomas, Monroe Brower
Piney Ridge - W. M. Caviness, W. M. Cheek, Giles Goldstone
Mitchel - L. J. Strickland, Herbert Foust, B. A. Lowdermilk
Strieby - Zill Lassiter, B. H. Hill
Elections were held at this time in several districts to vote on tax levies, but none were
passed. In 1923, at a joint meeting of the County School Board and the County
Commissioners a tax rate for the schools was fixed.
The first bus was purchased for the area in 1924. The route was from Garners Store to
Seagrove, and the bus was also to transport that portion of Cox district which desired to
attend Seagrove thereby causing Cox School to be discontinued. Seagrove also received
students from Blalock which had closed also.
With the new influx of pupils, Seagrove School was again overcrowded. Contracts
were made with Northray and O'Brian, architects in Winston, to draw up a set of
blueprints for a new brick building. On February 1, 1926, after opening all bids, the
contract was awarded to Burrows and Lamb of Asheboro, the lowest bid at $29,985.00.
The Albemarle Plumbing and Heating offered and was accepted for the low bid of
$3,747.00 for their work. The old schoolhouse and grounds were sold in November of 1926
to the highest bidder, B. A. King, for $1900.00.
The construction of the school was completed in time to open for the fall session of
1926. It was located on the east side of the railroad where the present school now stands.
The school contained 12 class rooms, rest room facilities, an office and an auditorium.
The classes included grades 1-7 of grammar school and grades 8-11 of high school. There
was also room left for the organization of a library. Mr. A. E. Posten became principal of
the new school, replacing Mr. B. H. McCarn.
More buses were put on the roads to transport high school students from the
surrounding elementary schools. Major roads and highways had been put into good
shape by this time, but county roads were still impassable in rough winter weather. In
many cases the students had to walk several miles to meet the bus.
In 1928, a state law was passed regulating the bus speed to a maximum of 26 mph, and
a uniform signal was added to give warning to motorists that the bus was stopping. The
drivers salaries were increased to $7.50 month for those making two trips and $6.00
month for those making only one.
A general policy was developed so that all patrons living in areas where there was no
tax levey to be expected, were to either transport their own high school students or pay
10 cents per mile each day for use of the new bus system. This did not apply to grade
students and by 1930 this was eliminated for the high school students also.
In 1935, the community decided to build a gymnasium. Lumber and other materials
were donated. Labor was supplied by children and adults who were interested in having
a basketball team to represent Seagrove at intramural games. That fall the Board of
Education gave $50 toward painting it. This gym lasted until it was torn down and
replaced by a new gym which was completed in 1961.
The first caferteria was built at the end of the gym in 1943 before a new one was built
The schools had come a long way in fifty years. From one room log houses heated by
fireplaces to modern brick structures with steam heat; from out-houses to indoor flush
toilets, from oil lamps to electricity, from paths to buses; the reconstruction of planning
and management in 1881 had reaped many rewards.
School attendance had developed from a scant 3 month learning period to 4 months in
1881. In 1927 the length of the term increased to six months and then increased again to
eight months in 1929. The eight-month term remained until 19 when a ruling changed the
system to a nine-month school year.
In the late twenties and during the thirties the most emphasis was placed on
consolidated schools, especially those with high school levels included. Old time one and
two room houses were repaired to last only a short time. The insurance coverage was
removed from these decaying structures, and the budgets alloted them were meager. In
one notation, Mountain School was alloted $35.00 a month to pay someone to assist Miss
Briles with the provision that she teach for 10 percent less than her regular salary and
that the wood be furnished free. Wood cost $1.75 per cord in 1938.
Patrons of the school districts realized that if they wanted to make their local schools
better, they would have to ban together and consolidate several small schools under one
roof. Petitions from various areas were heard by the School Board. The School
Committees worked hard with the County Board to keep up with the numerous requests.
A delegation from Red House, Salem, and Strieby colored schools came before the board
asking for a consolidation of these three districts. Piney Ridge and Pleasant Hill
requested transportation to the Ramseur and Asheboro High Schools. New Hope, Brower
Township, and Union all petitioned for new buildings. A few single schools requested
their pupils be bused to Seagrove. These schools were Union Grove, Grant Township,
Ulah School, Mt. Lebanon of Cedar Grove and Kings Mountain of Union. In cases of
transfer to Seagrove, bus service was provided. Sometimes districts were divided as in
the case of Mt. Lebanon, in which part of the students were sent to Farmer and those in
the southeastern section came to Seagrove.
Then on Saturday night, the 24th of March, 1934, Seagrove high school burned. The
cause of the fire was thought to be faulty electrical wiring on the stage of the auditorium.
Six weeks of the school term remained; and all the record books and supplies had been
destroyed. The community pitched in to help. Classes were held in Ivey Luck's store, in
the 2nd story of Dave Cornelison's store, in the Christian Church and in the newly built
Methodist Church which was given $75 by the County Board for the use of the building.
The teachers used books brought from home in addition to the encyclopedias used to
teach the high schoolers. The Commencement exercises for the Class of 1934 were held in
the Seagrove Methodist Church. During the summer the school was rebuilt according to
the old plans and was ready for occupancy by the fall term.
In May of 1935, plans were made for the construction of a new school building in Union
Township. Two petitions were entered for the location. The first requested that it be
located near Ed Lanier's home and the other requested that it be near Pisgah Methodist
Church. It was decided to place the school half-way between, which was near Pisgah
The School was completed in 1935 and named Union School. It incorporated the
elementary departments of Welch, High Pine, Mountain and Pisgah schools. Classes
began that fall.
Approval of $6000.00 for a new school in Erect was made in 1937. Brower School, as it
was named, was a one story structure of four classrooms and an auditorium. It was
consolidated of the old Mt. Olivet, Trogdon, and Antioch School Districts.
In 1942, the Agricultural Department was established at Seagrove. The old Christian
Church was purchased from Amos Farlow and Walter Wright for $700.00. Water was
installed, as were blackboards and other essentials. The class was then moved to a small
building on the south side of the school. This building served as a cannery for the
community. This building was used until 1961 when a modern structure was erected on
the school grounds. The old church building was sold to Boyd King who converted it into
Seagrove School has had several additions since it was rebuilt in 1934. Today it serves
as a Primary, Elementary and Junior High School with approximately 875 students.
1949 - 9 class rooms were built
1953 - The Home Economics and Science labs were added; also the cafeteria.
1961 - Union School discontinued to Seagrove
1961 - New gymnatorium and walkway added and Agricultural Building
1967 - Seagrove School Library was built in the old auditorium
1969 - Southwest High School built
B. G. Leonard
W. C. King
W. C. King
B. H. McCarn
J. R. Robbins
W. H. Dewar
J. A. Barker
1947 SCHOOL COMMITTEE
F. F. Gatlin
B. A. King
S. G. Richardson
E. E. Lanier
1955 SCHOOL COMMITTEE
Seagrove School - 1931
Seagrove School 1926-1927
First Row: Dellamaie Graves Cagle, Clyde Graves, Euna Walker Garner, Leana Moore Dixon.
Second Row: Ruth Farlow Garner, Eva Maness Luck, Susan Lowdermilk Bourghus, Nina Bean
Voncannon, Blanche Parks Spencer. Leighton Lawrence, Esta Slack, Cruston Lowdermilk.
Third Row: Paul Lucas. Monzelle Hancock Leach, Ethel Voncannon Davis, Rona Harman, Lillian King
Tysor, Elbert Sykes, Mary Tucker Rich, Ruby Brooks Suggs.
Fourth Row: Lewis Tucker. Clifford Lawrence, Rankin Richardson, Jimmie Comer, Miss Littie Oquinn-
teacher, Treece Richardson. Alton Cox, Leslie Auman.
SEAGROVE SCHOOL #2 1926
Back row: Wade Boone, Ber-
nice Auman, Theadore Auman,
Philmore Graves, Neta Welch.
Front row: Myrtle Lucas, Hazel
Auman, Mary Leach, Nolan
Voncannon, Lena Russell.
SEAGROVE SCHOOL #2 1926
Back row: Wade Boone, George Harmon, Herman Brown, Theadore Auman. Bernice
Auman, Philmore Graves, Clyde Chriscoe, Amos Farlow, Jimmy Farlow, , Lena
Russell, Elphata Stutts, and Lora Rose. Front row: Josie Cox, Neta Welch, Myrtle Lucas,
Lisa Lawrence, Nola Voncannon, Mary Leach, Hazel Auman, Talmage Brown.
The Hickory Stick
These rules appear in Charles L. Coon's NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS AND
ACADEMIES, 1790 - 1840: A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY (Raleigh, N. C, 1915), pp. 763-64.
Boys & Girls Playing Together 4
Fighting at School 5
Quareling at School 3
Gambleing or Beting at School 4
Playing at Cards at School 10
Climbing for Every foot Over three feet up a tree 1
Telling Lyes 7
Telling Tales Out of School 8
Nick Naming Each Other 4
Giving Each Other 111 Names 3
Fighting Each Other in time of Books 2
Swaring at School 8
Blackgarding Each Other 6
For Misbehaving to Girls 10
For Leaving School without Leave of the Teacher 4
Going Home with each other without Leave of the Teacher 4
For Drinking Spirituous Liquors at School 8
Making Swings & Swinging on Them 7
For Misbehaving when a stranger is in the House 6
For waring Long Finger Nailes 2
For Not Making a bow when a Stranger Comes in or goes out 3
Misbehaving to Persons on the Road 4
For Not Making a bow when you Meet a Person 4
For Going to Girls Play Places 3
Coming to School with Dirty face and Hands 2
For Calling Each Other Liars 4
For Playing Bandy 10
For Bloting Your Copy Book 2
For Not making a bow when you go home or when you come away 4
Wrestling at School 4
Scuffling at School 4
For Not Making a bow when going out to go home 2
For Weting Each other Washing at Play time 2
Girls Going to Boys Play Places 2
For Hollowing & Hooping Going Home 3
For Delaying Time Going home or coming to School 4
For Not Making a bow when you Come in or go Out 2
For Throwing Any Thing Harder than your trab ball 4
For Every word you mis In your Hart Leson without Good Excuse 1
For Not Saying yes Sir & no Sir or yes marm or no marm 2
For Troubleing Each others Writing affares 2
For Not washing at playtime when going to Books 4
For Going & Playing about the Mill or Creek 6
For Going about the Barn or doing Any Mischief about the place 7
WINNERS OF THE FIRST RANDOLPH COUNTY BASKET BALL TOURNAMENT 1929 - 1930
Front row: Leona Spencer, Dellamaie Graves. Jennie Belle Auman. Back row: Pearl Lucas, Nina Beane, Mrs. Lyde Auman
(coach), Emma Smith, Vivian Parks.
PINEY RIDGE SCHOOL
Mrs. Mary W. Johnson, middle back, was the teacher. Students were Margaret Spencer, Sallie Brady, Opheria Brown, Clara
Letterlough, Clarence Luck, Montia Luck, Bernie Spencer, Betty Baldwin, John Lewis Chamber, Ann Brady, James A.
Cassady, Camellia Cheek, Hildra Cassady, Howard Brady, Eary Jean Letterlough, Junior Cassady, Nancy Baldwin. Shirley
Brown and Charles William Letterlough.
1921 - 1922
Lynch, Mrs. R. F.
Lewallen, C. A.
Luther, J. H.
Kearns, J. L.
Hoover, G. E.
Hoover, Wrenn Berta
Cox, E. C.
Lawrence. Lenora B.
Richardson, S. G.
King, W. C.
Slack, Miller Elbie
Spoon, Maud Lee
Callicutt, Mrs. Hilda
Adams, M. H.
Dunn's Cross Roads
Brown, G. A.
Strickland, J. L.
1922 - 1923
Number of Name of
1 Fair Grove
Cox, T. R.
2 Union Grove
3 Rocky Mount
Stevens, H. H.
J. H. Luther
2 Mt. Olivet
Hoover, G. E.
2 Mt. Olivet
Hoover, Mrs. G. E.
Brown, G. A.
1 Rock Spring
1 Rock Spring
Cox, B. G.
Welch, Mrs. G. C.
Lawrence, Mrs. L. B.
4 Cross Roads
Richardson, S. G.
4 Cross Roads
5 New Center
6 Oak Glade
Moffit, E. F.
McCarn, B. H.
Slack, Mrs. J. B.
Lynch, Mrs. R. F.
Genter, Geo. T.
2 High Pine
3 Dunn's X Roads
Stevens, Mrs. H. R.
Caveness, J. M.
1 Pleasant Hill
1 Piney Ridge
1 Piney Ridge
1923 - 1924
Routh.Rev. 0. P.
Louise W. Lawrence
Kearns, J. L.
Hancock, Mrs. D. B.
McCarn, B. H.
Lynch, Mrs. R. F.
Dunn X Roads
Richardson, Mrs. Conie
Varner, Mrs. Rochelle
Patterson, J. C.
Lassiter, Vella A.
Cox, B. G.
Smith, W. R.
Bulla, Mary Wade
Kearns, J. L.
George T. Gunter
Cox, B. G.
Thomas, Mrs. Clyde
Cox, T. R.
McCarn, B. H.
Slack, Mrs. J. B.
Spoon, Maud L.
Garner, W. G.
Dunns X Roads
Patterson, J. C.
Hill, Annie Mae
1926 - 1927
King, Ruby L.
Garner, W. G.
Posten, A. E.
Richardson, R. R.
Dunns X Roads
Trogdon, W. F.
Pierce, Mrs. Linna
Rush, J. C.
Patterson, J. C.
1929 - 1930
Bulla, Mary Wade
Deaton, Mary Tysor
Newlin, Mary Harrell
Slacks, Mrs. Ellis Mills
Auman, Eudie Wills
White, Agnes Hunt
Smith, Annie L.
Dunns X Roads
Moore, Margret M.
Spinks, A. S.
Brown, Eunice K.
Before 1920, there were two main industries in this rural area. One was household
production by members of the family for their own use, and the other was the articles
which were crafted or produced for sale. Sometimes these two industries overlapped, as
in pottery making and farming since they were seasonal occupations. Most households
did their own weaving, candle and soap making, and other similar types of work in the
same manner as preserving foods; there would be enough to supply the family needs, and
perhaps a small amount left to trade.
The occupations listed in the census records give a vivid picture of the industries
which were most popular between 1850 and 1880, and Levi Branson's BUSINESS
DIRECTORIES provide a partial list of various trades through 1900. Farming prevailed in
the census lists, but often a farmer also had other skills such as blacksmithing.
Farming was good in most of this area. Along the creek and river bottom lands, rich
soils produced excellent harvests. It is interesting to note that flax and rye were listed as
the staple crops grown between 1870 and 1890, along with wheat, corn, and oats.
The farmers who held large acreages as listed by Branson were:
1877 Alfred Brower
Moffitt' s Mill
G. W. Dorset
J. M. Worth
1896 Martin Cagle
A. L. King
J. M. King
J. A. Auman
L. V. Spinks
H. H. Yow
H. S. Wilson
R. C. Yow
A. J. Yow
E. R. Yow
B. B. Brooks
J. M. Caviness
S. L. Hayworth
R. F. Hancock
J. G. Rich
D. E. Brown
W. R. Cox
C. L. Fry
A. M. Luck
R. M. Moffitt
C. S. Saunders
P. A. Williams
L. F. Branson
J. M. Cox
F. J. Dawson
W. B. Hammond
J. C. Hammond
A. L. Ham
E. O. Hussey
C. T. Luck
W. H. Presnell
J. R. Ridge
Mrs. J. C. Vuncannon
J. L. Williams
J. M. Williams
J. B. Parks
J. W. Parks
J. B. Slack
J. J. Welch
The apprentice system worked well in learning the wood-working trades. The
Randolph County Court records have many entries such as "Jeremiah Fields takes
Jeremiah Taylor (age 14, August 22, 1803) as apprentice to the carpenter's trade". It took
many years to master the art of building a wagon wheel from a block of wood. Precise
mill works were made and fine furniture was created with a few simple hand tools.
Some of the craftsmen who were listed in the southern division of the 1850 Census
Thomas Burns - wagon maker Riley Miller - mill wright
Ruben Cox - wagon maker Samuel Lineberry - mill wright
Calvin Bell - wagon maker Hilary Luther - mill wright
Jacob Auman - wagon maker Reeves Cooper - mill wright
Wilson Skeen - cabinet maker Alfred Swafford - mill wright
Azra Crow - Charles Toney - chairmaker
Nicholas Chavis William Bell - carpenter
Alex Barker - joiner Robert Hooker - carpenter
Farming with 2-horse plows - Gene, June, Elsie and Amos Farlow - 1920
Levi Branson Sawmill
Reuben Pearce - carpenter
Asa P. Chadwick - carpenter
Fields Lane - carpenter
Hugh Moffitt - carpenter
Nathan Overton - carpenter
Barden Nance - carpenter
Noah Nance - carpenter
Caswell Taylor - carpenter
B. Y. Yates - carpenter
James Thayer - carpenter
A. W. Thayer - carpenter
Peter Peacock - carpenter
Sampson Glenn, Jr. - carpenter
Sampson Glenn, Sr. - carpenter
Daniel Barker - carpenter
The tanners would sink large vats, lined with rocks, into the ground. These vats held
lime water in which skins of animals were soaked for long periods of time to toughen
them. Then, the hides were cleaned and scraped to remove all the hair, and soaked again
in tanning water. This was made by grinding red oak bark, which sold for 15 cents per
wagon load in 1885, and then boiling the bark until the solution was very strong. First, a
mild solution was used on the hides, and then they were transferred from one vat into
another of increasing strength until they were cured. A pair of shoes made from this
leather would last for two years if the workmanship of the shoemaker was good.
Some of the leather craftsmen in this area from 1850 - 1900 were:
William Lannier - shoemaker
Jesse Steed - shoemaker William Cox - shoemaker
John Breedlove - shoemaker O. A. Burgess - bootmaker
Daniel Thayer - shoemaker David Vestal - harness maker
Joseph Floyd - shoemaker Eli Brown - saddler
Solomon Luther - shoemaker Stephen M. Carter - tanner
Edward Griffin - shoemaker James Lassiter - tanner
Washington Chavis - shoemaker Stephen Howard - tanner
William Holder - shoemaker F. L. Hayworth - tanner
John Henly - shoemaker W. W. Hayworth - tanner
Alfred Brower - shoemaker B. B. Lowe - tanner
Wilson Lackey - shoemaker E. L. Spencer - tanner
Occasionally these craftsmen would travel from farm to farm supplying their skills to
the local needs. Greenberry Saunders was one traveling blacksmith in this area who,
later, established his own shop. Many ironworkers specialized in certain kinds of
smithing. Some rebanded wagon wheels, and others made horseshoes, while a few were
known for their craft in making utensils. Some of the blacksmiths for this area 1850 - 1900
Alston Bray A. F. Rush Michael Luther
Aaron Moffitt William Hill William Presnell
Stan Moffitt Malon Cox John D. Powell
Solomon Moffitt George Lucas Timai Little
James Pold Reuben Williams Charles Craven
Tsham Ferguson Riley Needham Ben Clark
Peter Tysinger Edward Smith
Herain Ferguson Martin Auman
The rivers and creeks in the southern part of Randolph County supplied an abundance
of power for flour and meal production. Before 1800, there were many mills scattered
throughout this area. Bullock, Way, Hatchett, Brower and Encoh Spink's Mills were
situated in the eastern part, while Henley, Lassiter and James Burney's Mills were on the
Uwharrie. Co's Mill was on Little River.
The millers between
1850 and 1900 were:
G. T. Vuncannon
R. M. Stinson
Hugh T. Moffitt
D. H. Lambert
H. T. Caviness
H. B. Carter
J. J. Lucas
J. J. Allen
A. P, Brown
Sam R. Craven
Cox's Mill Built in 1820
Last Miller was Samuel Trogdon in 1945
Stencil, Tools and Gearing
of Cox's Mill
Conversation with Johnny Voncannon
Sharon Blair, Amee Foster
Pat Kelly, Jan Scott
October 13, 1975
The Dennis Cox Mill located near Pisgah was at one time an important business and
necessary part of the community. A group of students, Sharon Blair, Amee Foster, Pat
Kelly, and Jan Scott, from Randolph Technical Institute, conversed with Mr. Johnny
Voncannon (now deceased) concerning it's operation. That conversation follows:
J. V. Well, the first I remember of the old mill is a right good bit ago, a lot of water has went
under the bridge since then. I tended to the old mill once in my boy days.
S. B. Well, how old were you when you started working at the mill?
J. V. How's that?
S. B. How old were you when you started working at the mill?
J. V. Well, that was in 1892, I was born in 1892, and uh, it was about uh, I recon it was about
S. B. You started working there?
J. V. Started as a miller.
A. F. Well, who owned it at that time?
J. V. Dorace Williams, D. M. Williams.
J.S. What was the name of the mill?
J. V. Dennis Cox old mill.
S. B. Dennis Cox.
S. B. Well, we've got some questions about some of the parts that aren't there anymore.
J. V. Well, theres a lot that ain't there anymore. As I first remember the old mill is uh, two
water wheels and an overshot and then theres a turbine wheel.
S. B. Where were they? Were they beside each other?
J. V. No, they was uh, one run the corn mill and the other run the wheat mill and theres a lot of
difference in the wheat mill, as fur back in the old days of the wheat mill the wheat was
hoisted up at the end of the mill and uh, up on the third floor, and uh, it run back down
there right and it was clean, now the cockle machine and the smutter and all that stuff is
on the second floor. Cockle machine its on the third floor.
S. B. What is a cockle machine?
J. V. Its uh, anybody that knows wheat, has a lot of trouble of that agrowin with the wheat. Its
a burr and it has a flat seed in it and they git, they have a machine to run that through
and uh, theres little bent places in the cylinder and the cockle catches in that and goes
out the end of that... the wheat without the grain.
S. B. And that used to be on the second floor?
J.V. Its on the third floor now and they used to didn't have that and then its uh, its
smutted. ..goes to that cockle machine and goes back down and its ground and then
carried up again, and its bolded into flour.
S.B. It was carried back up to third floor?
J.V. Come back up to second floor is where it was bolded.
J. S. What's a smutter?
J. V. A smutter that gits the smut out of the wheat, in other words its a black dust that will fall
in the wheat gits full of smut. Never matured.
S. B. Well, when did they quit using the corn mill, you said there was a corn mill there too?
J. V. Yea, there was a corn mill there on up till the last. There was a different arrangement,
and the old overshot worked that was done away with around 70 years ago.
S. B. So they ground corn but it was but it was with another wheel.
S. B. I see.
J. V. And uh, there was a sawmill in junction with the that worked one saw onto another, its
what they call a saff saw run up and down like a jig saw and some that old stuff can be
found, I've seen the crank shaft laying around there it was in the basement.
S. B. Well, about the basement, uh, we were down there one afternoon.
J .V. Did you see the fireplace?
S. B. Un huh. What was the fireplace used for?
J.V. Fire. People that would come to mill would come down there to warm.
S.B. So, there was no heat? That was the only heat they had?
J.V. That was the only heat they had then they put in a wood stove, a wood heater.
P. K. On the first floor?
J.V. Yea, and it had mostly, it burned mostly corn cobs, for their heat.
S.B. Uh, well what was the basement floor out of, was it stone or just dirt?
S.B. Well, saw a place up next to the wall where the wheel was against?
J.V. Un huh.
S.B. Was there another level up there?
J.V. Thats where the sawmill was and a rock wall.
S.B. Uh huh, uh huh.
J.V. Thats out from the water wheel thats where the sawmill was.
S.B. Up on that platform?
J.V. No it was on back of the platform, you know where that rock wall is, thats where the
sawmill was. I seen the old sawmill along that path but I can't remember so much about
J. S. Well theres an opening there... where the two millstones are?
J.V. Uh huh. Thats always been that way.
S.B. That door?
J.V. Thats always been that way.
J. S. Why?
J.V. I don't know the mill rocks come up in there and the meal flows down from the mill in the
mule schister and thats where the wheat meal starts off to the elevators. ..carries it up.
S.B. Un huh. Well, down in the basement we thought that there may have been a platform
built there, now was there ever a platform built in the basement.
P. K. It vvas right under the two grindstones.
J.V. Un huh.
P. K. Right directly down from that in the basement.
J.V. Well theres a wooden pier head there.
S.B. A Pier Head? Well, what do you mean by that?
J.V. For water, a pier head for the water its raised, the water goes in there and stores up.
Thats where the overshot wheel went down, down there in that pit.
S.B. Oh, I see. Inside tha basement.
A. F. Thats why the dirt floor is probably lower there because the water washed it?
J.V. Yea, well the water didn't come out the side the water went down the back of it. That's
what you call a tail raise.
A. F. Theres a pit on the first floor, right below the platform on which the millstones are. What
was that used for?
J.V. A hole in the floor?
A. F. Un huh.
J.V. Thats where they got down in there. ..The mill shister is in that. Let me have your pencil.
And do you have a piece of paper?
S.B. I do.
J.V. Heres the flat part you were talkin about. This is the flat part you was talkin about. And
heres the millstones. Thats the wheat mill and this is the corn mill. And now that pit you
was a talkin about is right here at the corn mill.
J.V. Its got a sifter, and this just makes a rough crank here. Thats the sifter and that shakes it
on this crank shakes that to shake the meal through there. Bran. And then this over here
stands the elevators. The wheat that is ground as it comes back to the ground is carried
on up to the second floor on a bull kist. I spect you noticed that if you went up on the
second floor. Its covered with silk cloth.
S.B. Un huh.
J.V. I've patched holes in that, I don't know. Some kind of bugs or somethin cut it into pieces,
uh, that old mill went down about neigh time or two. And then somebody 'ud get it and
restore it and put it to work again.
S.B. When was the last time it was used? Do you remember?
J.V. Uh, old man Chamis used it last and that's been around 40 years ago and then Trogdon,
th&t lives there now, he ground some of it While he didn't have a job.
S.B. What was the other man's name? Chamis?
J.V. Un huh, he's dead.
Do you remember his first name?
J.V. No I don't. He's been dead several years. Bout all the millers that I can think of is dead.
Old man Billy Gatland, who used to live over here bout a half mile from here. He was one,
and uh, Will Yergins that was one of the old ones and uh, Joel Voncannon...that was one
J.S. Well you said it was called the Dennis Cox Mill, when you worked there. Now did he own
it at one time?
J.V. No, No, it was owned by the Dennis Cox heirs. ..and his daddy was the one that built it, did
ya notice on the bottom of that runners lays down on the floor? On the bottom of it the's
name is on it.
S.B. No we didn't notice.
J.S. Now where is this? What floor?
J.V. Wheat mill, the bottom of the wheat mill at the bottom of the stone.
S.B. The bottom of the stone?
J.V. Un huh.
S.B. Can you see it from the basement?
J.V. Yea, you can see it from the basement, and that was uh, before there was ever a railroad
through here or anything, they shipped it. ..his address is on the bottom... Tommy Cox, and
it was shipped to Rockingham, no Fayetteville, shipped to Fayetteville, and it was brought
here by oxen. That old mill has been here right up to two hundred years or more. And
that old dam, where it onst was is about a half a mile up the river.
S.B. The old dam used to be a half a mile up the river?
J.V. Yea, but not in my day, it used to be where the old dam was at with a canal cut down
S.B. How long has it been since you were down at the mill last?
J.V. Down there where its at now. ..How long since I've been there? Oh, I ain't been in 35
S.B. Well, I'm sure its changed a lot since you've seen it.
A.F. Well, what about the grain, did that come from the farmers in the surrounding area?
J.V. Yea, just anybody who had anything to grind, thats different from now. ..if a man grows a
little crop of wheat now to get bread, he has to go through a lot of red tape and he's got to
have a card before he finds a miller to grind it. Millers puttin hisself in danger if he
S.B. Well, who paid the millers?
J.V. He gets his pay as he ground it, theres a toll box it stayed in two boxes between the mills.
One of em was to keep corn in and the othern wheat. And thats where the thing he done
when he poored the wheat up in the hopper, he'd taken a toll of it and that was his
pay... A gallon to the bushel.
A.F. So there were no records that were kept?
J.V. No, He got a gallon of corn for every bushel he ground.
P.K. You said that when you worked there at one time, they had a turbine?
P.K. And a water wheel or just a turbine.
J.V. An overshot.
P.K. An overshot. Did the turbine that was beside the mill, did it have a roof over it?
P.K. And what about the overshot?
J.V. Yes, there was a roof over the whole thing.
P.K. Were they side by side?
J.V. Yea, one of em was further down and closer to the river.
P.K. The overshot was the olderst one?
P.K. The turbine?
J.V. Yea, I can remembr bout time the overshot was...?
S.B. When was that?
J.V. Oh, about 1900 or 1901.
A.F. Well, where was the flour sold, was there a general store somewhere in the surrounding
J.V. They packed it up in bags and sold the flour there, and the corn meal. ..whoever brought
the corn in and had it to grind.
A.F. But there were no records kept of what was sold or bought?
P.K. Uh, the foundation of the mill is stone on three sides, and one of the sides, where the
wheel was at. ..that's all been washed away, what was that wall?
J.V. That's not been washed away.
S.B. There was no wall there?
J.V. Theres part of it there, the end of the sawmill was where it run through it. That's where
the sawmill was. ..that's where the sawmill was.
S.B. So when you went to the basement, part of that was open?
J.V. No, you went around the other way to it. You went across the flue of the chimney, where
you come up outside and uh, its a right good ways out from the chimney and they usually
walked over that.
S.B. They walked over that and went in the door.
S.B. Well, when you got inside, was it completely inclosed or were there any openings?
J.V. Open just as it is now, I imagine.
S.B. Let me have this pencil and I'll show you. ..Like if the water wheel is right here, and this is
J.V. Yes, thats the wall
S.B. And the fireplace is over here.
J.V. Un huh.
S.B. Well this wall is washed away we can't tell if it was rock or if it was wooden.
J.V. This wall here?
S.B. Un huh. ..that's washed away.
J.V. Right heres the way you come. ..this is a race and right heres whats turned back. ..what
you said was washed away. This is timbered up inside to keep it from leakin.
S.B. What wall is that?
J.V. The race that comes down here. This old wall that you're talkin bout here it was probably
part of it wood inside.
S.B. Un huh.
J.V. Dadoed, they called it. ..to keep it from leakin.
So its wooden.
J.V. I don't know what coulda went with the wall. There wasn't much wall to that. ..that was
mostly wood, I think. And uh, a little' of that rock wall where it turns back, theres some
out there now. ..ain't there?
S.B. Un huh.
J.V. Well, thats where the sawmill was.
J.S. Who operated the sawmill?
J.V. The miller - the one who tended the mill.
J.S. So you did that too?
J.V. No, it was done away with. ..I seen it all together but I can't remember much about that.
The old sawmill part. ..theres some of that old sawmill stuff around there yet. The last
time I was there the old saw and the crank shaft was in the basement and theres a great
big old. ..about 1 3/4" square rim,,, it had notches in it. ..do you care if I mark on this?
S.B. Go right ahead.
J.V. It had teeth on it like this. ..and when the saw would start back up your ratchet would
stop and wait till the saw went up then it would come back down, that latch would fall in
these teeth and ratchet it up on the log and the saw would come down and saw it.
S.B. We haven't seen any of that. ..that must have rotted away.
The water wheel itself has just about washed away. All of that is missing and we don't
know what it looked like.
J.V. Well, I ain't been there in 35 years. I don't remember what it looked like.
S. Did you work at the sawmill?
S. I've heard you say that you've worked at sawmills.
J.V. Not that one. That was just before my day.
J.S. Do you know when the mill was built?
J.V. No, But theres a history on that if you could find it. ..during the war between the states.
Cox made a talk to Sherman's army that that was the only mill in the community that done
any custom grinding for the people... and that would entail total starvation among the
people and they didn't burn it... they was a burnin such stuff as that as they come to
it. ..and he spared the mill. And you know how long that's been.
A.F. We have a map that has two cox mills on it, one...
J.V. Yea, one is a way on down on another river,
A.F. Deep river?
J.V. No, they call that little river, thats uh, thats gittin on down towards Montgomery County.
Maybe its in Montgomery.
A.F. Is that below Union?
J.V. Yea, but you can't find any sign of any old buildings around there.
A.F. So this mill is up in say, the NE portion of Union Township. Is that right?
J.V. Yea, And I doubt you could find it, if there wasn't some old person who knows it and
knows where that was. ..theres a bridge that goes right across it now, across the river.
J.V. Where that other old Dennie Cox mill was, I don't recon theres anything left there atall.
S.B. Where around here is that? What community is that close to?
J.V. That down there?
S.B. Yes, The one that she's talking about. ..the one that's not left anymore.
J.V. That's uh, I don't know whether thats in Randolph or where its in Montgomery. ..I'd
rather believe that its in Montgomery. And then theres a Cagle Old Mill. ..You probably
found that, theres no building there now though.
J.S. Yes, we found that.
J.V. It won't be but a little while before all those things will be a thing of the past.
S.B. Well, that's why we hope to preserve this one. We want to do something with it so it won't
J.V. Did you go inside the building and look around?
S.B. We've got floorplans of it.
J.V. Did you notice that uh, that framing how it was hued out, now that framin was hued out
with an ax and put there. And the corner postes are all 12x12 and they start right in
the. ..I'm gonna use up all your paper.
S.B. That's allright.
J.V. To start with, theres a 12x12 and it comes right in here and lays that off and then they cut
this all the way... with adzes they hue it and where it was in a V like that, where the other
studed they put a few nails in it. ..you noticed that? Its all pegs. ..wooden pegs. And I've
asked questions and uh, and I never had nobody give me no light on that, is how they ever
got that framin together... now they cut a tennon on there, you know what a tennon
is. ..well, they cut a tennon on the bottom of the post and on the top and then mortise the
plate and mortise the sill. And that plate went down on the postes at the top and probly
let down there three sets of framin, mortised together. ..as high as that is.
S.B. Un huh.
J.V. More than likely theres three sets. And I'm like a fella that has to let his mind rest a
while. ..it gives out.. .he says that your mind is like a tape recording theres black streaks in
it. That's the way mine is. I'm getting too old to hold too much at a time,
and uh, then they come down here and uh, and cut a corner post. ..did you notice that?
The corner post is in the steel hedges, the hedges come down where the mortise where
the mortise has a big wood pin through each one of 'em.
S.B. Un huh.
J.V. And this one in the corner, there was a brace, and here is someum thats bugged my mind
all the time. ..I've asked questions and asked questions but I never had nobody give me no
answer yet. ..How they got that brace in there. That lays down to a 45. ..each place. And
uh, you let that down there, you see this comes straight down this one got to gain, and uh,
I've hope tear some log buildings and old frame buldings that had that kind of corner
brace in there but you can't git one of em out only to take a saw and saw it into. And now
how they ever got them in there, I never had nobody to tell me. Now thats some of the old
S.B. Well, if we find out we'll let you know.
J.S. On the third floor, theres the staircase and the opening is here, and this is an opening to
the outside, theres was a door here...
S.B. This is on the very, very top floor.
J.V. Oh, thats where they hoisted their wheat up. That was before they had any elevators
before them elevators was used.
J.S. Well, on the floor theres a groove worked that is shaped sort of like a V. Do you know
what that would have been caused by?
It's a pretty deep groove and its shaped sort of like this.
J.V. No, I don't ...Don't remember. Probly seen it. ..say its on the third floor?
J.S. Un huh. Right at the door theres a groove thats work in the floor. We were trying to figure
out what could have made that groove there.
J.V. Something drug over it.
J.S. Un huh.
J.V. Probly wasn't there to start with.
A.F. Also, on the third floor there are the grain elevators, I suppose ...Anyway, theres a chute
that goes down to the second floor. .Do you remember where that goes?
J.V. It runs this way doesn't it?
A.F. Un huh.
J.V. Theres nothing much on the third floor septs that old cockle machine.
S.B. There are the two elevators and that cockle machine. ..and whats that big...
J.V. Elevator heads up there too on the third floor.
S.B. Un huh.
J.V. Part of em.
J.S. Theres a hopper in the corner, right? On the third floor?
J.V. Thats the big hopper in the corner, that wasn't used in my day ...that was used when they
used the method of hoistin their wheat up and lettin it run back down. ..they didn't have
no cockle machine or no smutter or no machines of that kind, they just let it run back
down by gravity. And they used a fan to blow the smut out then. The wheat had a rope
around the sack and was hoisted up and they let it run down and it cleaned it as it run
A.F. What about the big wheel over the door?
J.V. Thats what the rope went around, it let the rope come down to the wagon to hoist the
wheat up. The wheel is there yet, ain't it?
P.K. Was there any way to get from the first floor to the basement without going outside?
P.K. You had to go outside?
J.V. Yep, if it was a rainin, you'd have to go out in the rain.
J.S. What about when it was sort of stormy outside, or sort of dark. ..did you have trouble with
lighting? Did you always keep the windows open for light?
J.V. Open in halfs, in clod weather, you'd keep the bottom half shet up.
J.S. But you always had to open the windows.
J.V. Yea, them old windows slided. Didn't no nothin about light atoll in that way.
A.F. So the mill operated all year round?
A.F. With no heater, except for wood stoves...
J.V. That was an old wood stove, a small wood stove that burnt mostly corn cobs, and a lot of
people would bring the corn in the ear and shell it while he was at the mill, and then they
got their corn cobs to burn.
P.K. Let me show you this. ..and I'm still not sure about something okay? This is the basement
and thats the fireplace and the wheel was right here?
J.V. Yea, right down here is where the overshot wheel was, right in here.
P.K. Now, this is where the saw...
J.V. Yea, this is a rock wall.
S.B. And theres a rock foundation here.
J.V. Well, this is where the old sawmill was, right in here, and uh, the old saw... you might find
that around there somewhere if you do a lot of grudging and digging to find it... and the
old crank shaft a little side crank.
P.K. Well theres uh, the canal comes right in here.
J.V. It comes right down this away.
J.V. And then turns back in there.
P.K. Yea. And then it goes on off to the creek.
J-V. Goes back to the creek.
P.K. When was that canal built?
J.V. The canal?
P.K. Un huh.
J.V. I don't know.
P.K. Not the overshoot. .it isn't there anymore
J.V. No its gone.
P.K. The canal comes sort of right there from the dam. ..do you know when that was built?
J.V. Old man Ed Hardister, when he was took the overshot wheel out and put in two Sanson
order sheels, it was probly then, I don't think that old man Chamis used them when he
was there... they may be covered up in the bottom of that pit.
S.B. Do you know what date that was?
J.V. No I don't, old man, I spect uh, old man Hardister come there in 1912, 1913, I would say
that that would be more like it. ..somewhere round that time.
J.S. How many years did you work at the mill?
J.V. Oh. about a year or so, or a couple.
A.F. Do you know anybody that is still living that worked there while you worked there?
J.V. No, I was the only one working there.
S.B. You mean one person ran the mill all by himself?
S.B. I see.
J.V. Yea, I've been there all night by my pine torch a gurnin and an old bucket that was partly
full of sand, to get the pine aburnin and that was ya light you had to work by and in the
summer time there's be a week or two or maybe a month when you wouldn't have no
water to grind with. And when it did rain, you ground day and night too, till you get
caught up with, people brang grain and leave it. ..Yea, I'd be glad in my time, if I could
stay long enough to see it restored, I'd like to eat some corn bread made on them ole
corner rocks and I wouldn't mine havin some burr flour.
P.K. Did one stone grind wheat and the other stone grind corn?
J.V. Yea, that is where that had that pit around it, thats the corn mill.
P.K. Okay, and the other one just for wheat, then?
J.V. Yea, Theys a difference when you sharpen em, theys an ole picks around there, you
probly found some of them.
P.K. I don't remember seeing any of them.
J.V. With a pick on each em, thats what they used to sharpen that. .picks, I mean the
millstone. If you'd come around several years earlier, I probly could a told you more bout
J.S. Well, you've been a big help, you've told us a lot.
P.K. Do you know anyone who might have photographs of the mill?
Did anyone make photographs of it?
J.V. Not to my knowledge. There was no way of makin photographs. .Did you ever see the
camera that they used then?
P.K. I know that its a big one.
J.V. You had to screw the back off to let the light in. And then rocks adjustes up and down.
Did you notice that?
S.B. The stones? The grindstones?
J.V. Yep, they turn but they adjust up and down.
S.B. What was that for? Why adjust them?
J.V. So they'd grind... If they drug the bottom, you couldn't find nothin to cut in.
A.F. What adjusted then. ..was it some sort of lever?
J.V. Did you see on the corn mill probly after I past and left the old mill... its an old lever and it
had a weight around one end of it and uh, loosen that that, the weight and tension on it
and loosen the grip on it, the round part what is that the lever healdt for a break and
thats what he gave the rocks with. And the ole wheat mill, it had like an auger. ..did you
notice anything of that kind?
A.F. No, I don't believe I did.
J.V. They adjust the rock on that.
A.F. I don't remember seeing that.
J.S. I don't either.
J.V. Well, it may of been wore out and replaced probly with a nut instead of a hanel. It was a
thang that long.
The Whiskey Industry
Whiskey making became a very important "cash crop" during the agricultural decline
after the Civil War. Farmers were able to produce "liquid corn" from their fields that
otherwise lay idle. Coopers and potters were kept busy, too, supplying barrels and jugs
for the whiskey.
Whiskey was made by sprouting white shelled corn. When the sprouts were about two
inches long, the corn was ground. This was cooked until the corn was well done, then fine
ground corn meal was added and allowed to sit until a thick malt formed. Water and
sugar were then added, and the mixture was left to ferment. After three or four days,
more sugar and malt were added and the mix was allowed to "work" until a foam was
created. The liquid was then poured into the still keg and boiled. The vapor wound
through the coil and condensed which caused the liquid to trickle into a jug or barrel. At
this point, some of the juice was ready to sample. To test the alcohol content, the liquid
was put in a glass jar and shaken. If little airpockets called "beads" were formed, the
liquor had a good percentage of alcohol. The final test was the taste test which would
knock a person in the head if the "joy juice" was ready.
A revenue tax was collected at the distillery warehouse as the local product was
brought in for sale. But in 1890, the Anti Saloon League was formed and legalized spirits
were on the way out. By 1913, state-wide prohibition laws forced most of the stills to
close. From this time on the whiskey became known as "moonshine" because it was
illegal and often was made secretly at night by the light of the moon. "White Lightin' "
was another common name which derived from the power or proof the whiskey rated.
National prohibition laws did not become effective until the thirties. After 1913, many
local people ordered legalized whiskey from other states. Mr. OUie Parks, Seagrove
Depot Agent, recalled "seeing the floor of the depot filled with jugs and barrels of
'Moonshine" Still operated after Prohibition Laws were enacted in 1913.
NORTH CAROLINA CORN
You will have to try these goods to be convinced that they are worth a dollar more per
gallon than what we charge you for them. We do not pay express on these goods in any
quantities; for at the price we are offering them to you, if you give it a trial, will convince
you as to the quality.
Vi Gallon, in stone jug $0.80 4 Full quarts, in bottles 1.70
lGallon, in stone jug 1.50 6 Full quarts, in bottles 2.50
2 Gallons, in stone jug 2.95 8 Full quarts, in bottles 3.20
3 Gallons, in stone jug 4.30 12 Full quarts, in bottles 5.00
4 Gallons, in stone jug 5.70 24 Full pints, in bottles 5.25
2 Full quarts, in bottles ' 90 48 Full half pints, in bottles 5.50
We DO NOT ship in bottles unless full price, as stated above, is sent.
Remember our name, and remember we are the prompt shippers.
Goldman & Cohen
Opposite N. & W. Passenger Station.
Because most medical men had some formal education, they were often respected as
leaders in the community. Sometimes, they even filled in for ministers if there was a
vacancy; others had outside political interests.
Even in the old days, doctors were expensive. In 1880, a doctor received fifty cents for
a purge and a dollar for a tooth extraction. However, the good doctor was often paid "in
kind" with chickens or eggs or other produce fresh from the farm, but sometimes, he was
never paid at all.
Since there were no drugstores, as we have today, the physician stocked his own
medicines, mixing them according to his own diagnosis. Most of these were herbs which
he grew or obtained from the local people.
Many stories have been about these country doctors. A favorite one which was told by
Dr. Malone was about a woman who came to him many times with the same complaints,
but the doctor could find nothing wrong with her. Finally, on seeing her approach at
breakfast time one morning, he rolled up some bread crumbs and dashed a little
peppermint on them. After examining her, he gave her the "bread pills" and said, "if you
don't feel better you had better find another doctor for I have given you all the different
medicines I have". Later at a church social this lady exclaimed "doctor, those last pills
you gave me relly worked. I have never felt better in all my life"!
Some of the favored herbal teas were:
Hollyhock root for the bladder and kidney, Feverfew plant for colds and gas, Cowslip
plant for dropsy, Linden tree leaves for coughs, Wild Alum root for diarrhea, Angelica
leaves for nerves, Corn Silk for stimulating the kidneys.
The local physicians were:
1850 I860 1890
William Hannah John A. Craven Jr. J. R. Plunket
Nathan B. Hill G. C. Underwood R. J. Malone
Calvin E. Graves 1870 'Doc' Kirkman
William B. Lane T. F. Caviness T. D. Dowd
Barnaby Nixon Samuel E. Teague F. E. Asbury
Alfred Holton J. A. Bruton
The Indians of North Carolina have used gold in their ornaments, but it was not until
1799 that it was discovered by white men. The state attracted many investors, and during
the 1860's nearly 30,000 people were employed as miners.
By 1850, there were several gold mines in operation near by. The largest of these were
in the Uwharrie Section. Early miners panned the gold ore from creeks and branches;
later, miners excavated the ore from a vein in a mine. The ore was crushed in a large
stone mill, and the rocking vats were used to wash it until all the particles of gold were
The following are mines which were located in the southern part of Randolph County:
Around Pilot Mountain South of Asheboro Between Little River and Uwharrie
Spoon Asheboro & Jones' Golehorn & Smith Glurys
Pilot Mountain White House Lowdermilk Uharie
Porter Tolbert & Hill Griffin
Harney Dowd & Rush Branson
Pine Stafford Colburn
Other minerals have been found in this section, but in small quantities. Lately
prophyllite and white quartz has been mined commercially. Prophyllite is used in the
brick industry while white quartz is favored for embedding into a rosin for use as a floor
Coal was never mined locally, but many of our people worked in the Egypt Mine at
Cumnock around 1870 and again in 1888 and 1905. This mine was located in the edge of
Moore and Chatham Counties, only a few miles from Pleasant Grove Township.
The long leaf pine of this area was especially good in the production of naval products.
The rosin was obtained by cutting channels in the standing, green, pine trees. These
channels met in a point at the base of the tree where a box was fitted to receive it. The
bark was removed from the channels so that the sap would run out easier, and would fill
the box quickly. These drippings were heated in great kettles and processed to make
turpintine. The residue left was used for tar.
A courser type of tar and pitch was obtained by preparing a circular floor in clay soil
in which the middle was slightly lower than the rim. A clay or wooden pipe was laid from
the center to the outside of the circle in order to drain the floor, and under the outside
end of the pipe was placed a barrel to receive the tar as it drained.
Upon the floor of the circle was arranged a large pile of dry pinewood which was split
into small pieces and surrounded with a wall of earth. Only a small hole at the top was
left for the fire to be kindled. After the fire began to burn, this hole was also covered with
earth so that there was no flame, just sufficient heat to force the tar out of the pine onto
the floor. The heat was tempered by thrusting a stick through the earth and letting air
into the coals. The tar was then boiled until it was thick. This was called "pitch" and it
was used to caulk ships.
The blackened pine that was left on the floor of the circle was covered with more earth
to smother the coals. When cool they were removed and sold as charcoal.
The making of naval products was one of the major occupations during the early years
of this area. It revived again after the Civil War and continued to be a good business until
after the turn of the century.
■ ' : s::~>w::::;'.,>~.^:,i.V'-'i»',? x.M'-ra-A::^;..
■. ■ ' 7 : '.V-
SVmi :,..... m
K:«' : l
A still for producing
Pine tree scored for rosin to
drip -- producing naval
Since they were nearly insect proof, barrels were always in demand for storage of
winter farm supplies; but perhaps the largest consumer was industry. Naval products,
which were made locally, as well as whiskey were shipped to market in kegs and barrels.
These were made by shaping each stave with a drawing knife and fitting them together
with a wooden or iron hoop. It took much skill to make the barrels water-tight.
The Coopers of this area from 1850-1900 were:
Clayton Lewis William Sherod Jacob Auman Brantley Scott
Enoch Crow William Jones Neil Hammon Jack Ashworth
William Jones Dennis Presnell George Parks Zachie Freeman
Simpson Curtis Daniel McCall Alfred Richardson Robert King
One of the main attractions of the Seagrove Area today is the pottery shops located
within a few miles radius. There are 11 shops including Seagrove Pottery run by Walter
and Dorothy Auman, Coles' Pottery operated by Nell Cole Graves and Waymon Cole, Joe
Owens Shop, M. L. Owens Pottery with Boyd Owens, Jugtown with Nancy Sweezy and
below Robbins is Teague Pottery. Zedith Teague Garner recently deceased left her
husband, Hobert and her father, Duck Teague, working. Studio potters Bob Armfield at
Coleridge, Phillip Pollet at Old Gap Pottery, Phil Morgan at Steeds, Jerry Fenburg at
Humble Mills and Hal Pugh at Salem have set up their shops making contemporary
additions to the old traditional shops. It is not uncommon to have over 1000 shoppers
come into the Seagrove Area to visit these shops and the Potters Museum.
Early potters coming to settle with other families undoubtly began very quietly to
practice their craft. Pottery making was often not the only occupation of the family.
Farming, milling and other types of work were also done by them, turning out wares at
The Coles came into this area migrating from Virginia. Records show that the Virginia
Company of London had established various trades and crafts at Jamestown in the early
seventeenth century including pottery making. George and William Cole came from
England to work at this time. Soil reports helped entice them into the piedmont region
where red and grey clays abound. Other potters came on the Great Wagon Road as did
many other craftsmen.
Raford Cole, son of Mark and a descendent of William by Stephen, was born 1799. He
had built his kiln by 1820 on the Fayetteville Route where Why Not was later established.
Three of his sons were engaged in the shop. Raford, Jr. later began wagoning the wares
to market. Evan (1834-1895) married Sarah Jane Luck and by 1880 had established one of
the largest potteries in this vicinity. Youngest son, Willis, worked with his father until an
early death. All of Evan's own boys learned the trade in the old shop on Meadow Creek.
His father-in-law William Luck worked there at this time as did his son, Henry, and
neighbor, John Chrisco, making a large crew which produced crocks, churns, jugs and
various items used in the farm home. Evan's sons were Franklin, Ruffin Evin R., Marshall,
Alfred, Jacon and Lorenzo. Nell and Waymon are children of J. B. Cole and still operate
the shop under the Cole name. Ruffin Cole's sons - Charlie, Arthur, Everett and Clarence
were all potters. Dorothy Cole Auman is the daughter of Charlie. Arthur's shop at
Sanford is being run by his daughters today.
Peter Craven settled near Back Creek on Blue Branch near Coleridge. He built a shop
which Thomas worked and inherited. Thomas Jr. moved to Chatham County, Indiana and
the 1820 census show that four of his sons were potters there. Thomas, Sr. John was
another son of Thomas Sr. He learned the skill at home and taught his son Anderson
whose children William Nichlos (1821-1903), John A. (1826-?) Jacob Doris (1828-1893) and
Thomas W. (1829-1858) are well known for their fine work. Enoch S. was the youngest son
of John making him an uncle to J. D. Craven.
Doris Craven's shop employed three workers according to the census records of 1850.
Bryant Owens and John Chrisco worked there at this time. John Teague began working
there at the age of fourteen. When he married he established his own shop. Duck Teague
was one of his sons. Duck married Doris Craven's daughter and built the shop Zedith
later operated. Doris Craven's son Daniel continued to work at the old shop using the J. D.
Craven stamp until his death in 1949. Charlie Craven (Daniel's son) is working at Teague
Pottery today and is the only Craven descendent left in the pottery trade. Charlie's
brother Farrell, had worked at Ben Owen Shop and later at Teagues when he died in
Joseph Owens, born 1823, married Queenie Northcutt of Montgomery County. Their
son Franklin (1848-1918) lived just below the Randolph-Moore line. His son, Benj amine
Franklin, Jr. made pottery for a short time on Brower Mill Road. Another son Jim, married
Martha Scott and built a shop near Needham Grove Church. Today, Jim's son Melvin and
his family carry on the work there at the original shop place. Vernon and Bobby are with
Jugtown. Walter, another of Jim's boys worked with Henry Cooper at North State in
Sanford. He is still there working part time. Rufus Owens (1872-1948), brother to
Benj amine Franklin and Jim, had three sons in the pottery trade. Charlie who turns at his
home, Joe operation his own shop and Ben, who was associated with Jugtown earlier then
built his shop and is now retired. All live in the Westmoore Community.
The Fox family came from Pennsylvania in 1753 and was another main line of ware
makers. Jack Fox operated a shop located on the road from Coleridge to Siler City. It was
here that Nathan Dixon apprenticed and later set up a shop in the Snow Camp area. John
Vestal also learned at this shop. Jack Fox had two sons, Jacob and Nicholas but it was
Nicholas who continued working in his father's shop stamping his wares N Fox. His work
show a much heavier salt application that those of his son, Himer. They are also darker
indicating the use of a local bog clay heavy with iron. By the time Himer began
impressing his inital, about 1855, they were using clays from the Holly Springs pond
which gave a much lighter color.
Nicholas' youngest son, Daniel C, was twenty years younger than Himer. He married
Nancie J. Vestal in 1869 and remained at the old home shop after his father died about
1855. There was a middle son, John, who was just two years older than Daniel, but no
records are found that he ever worked at the potters trade after he left home. In 1870
Daniel sold the old place to Himer leaving the trade for farming. Himer married Elizabeth
Craven and moved to Reed Creek where he made stoneware.
Brothers James M. and William Thomas Fox married sisters. James and Catherine
were married in 1856 establishing their home and shop near Moffitts Mill. Tom entered
the service of Company C of Randolph County July 1, 1860 at the age of 20. He was
discharged in 1865 marrying Nancy Brady the following year. They lived near their
brother and sister. A son Levi Taylor David Fox was born to them in 1868 and was the
last of the Fox family in the pottery occupation. He died in 1936.
The Agricultural Depression began shortly after the close of the War between the
States. Prices dropped on all crop products. Cotton fell from twenty five cents in 1868 to
five cents in 1895. Corn was too "cheap to raise". Farmers were unable to meet living
expenses at these low prices. The Farmers Grange, organized in 1873, suggested ways to
supplement the meager incomes. Turpintine pits gave rebirth to pitch and tar of prewar
days. Syrup mills enriched bartering for store bought goods and with the railroad boom
this area put out thousands of crossties. Farm industry became the means of survival.
Whiskey stills converting cheap corn into liquid assets were legal as long as taxes
were paid on the proceeds. Most of this was hauled in wooden barrels to distilleries or
collecting agents where toll for the taxes was deducted. It was sold back to the
merchants for resale to their customers in stoneware jugs. However, a lot of it was sold
directly from the still to the consumer eliminating the tax and distillers profit.
The potters supplied the jugs for both the merchant and the maker. As business
increased neighboring farmers began to help the potters fill their orders. Some learned
the art of turning and set up shops of their own. Others erected shops and hired
journeymen potters to do the wheel work while they fired and sold their wares to the
whiskey industry. The area where pottery making had been long established as a trade,
soon became dotted with small shops turning out thousands of jugs. Charlie Cole recalled
as a young boy "we used to go to Why Not (a distance of about four miles) for the mail
riding on a horse and some days we could see over fifty different smokes rising from kiln
chimneys. Some of these pot'ery shops were off a distance, of course, from the road, but a
lot were right on the way. Some of these new makers didn't know how to make good
wares and the buyers got to grumblin' on account of the poor salting and the short sizes.
They'd pay fifteen cents a gallon for the good but then they got to where they wouldn't
pay but five cents for that poor saltin' ..."
In 1903 a law was passed prohibiting the manufacture and sale of the spirituous
liquors except in incorporated towns. This was to eliminate the small country stills who
were robbing the distilleries. Two years later another act excluded it from all but the
largest towns leaving only a few places where whiskey sales could be transacted. By
1913 a statewide prohibition act canceled all legal sales. This, of course, affected the sale
of the stoneware jugs made by the local potters. Some shops continued trying to make
churns and other local needed items but with no built in sales, these too began
disappearing as they reverted back to their farms for a living.
The old pottery families who had established themselves long before the whiskey boom,
kept right on making and finding sales with their regular customers. Several of the
whiskey manufacturies moved out of the state and gave the old potters orders to be
delivered. A. R. Cole remembered "we took load after load to Virginia and then down into
South Carolina - off the coast there was an island where they make whiskey right on and
they would take all the jugs we could haul..."
These places, too, were eventually forced to close but by this time demand for the new
art pottery gave outlets for the potters to continue their trade. Tin and enameled wares
were being produced which were lighter in weight and color and quickly replaced many
of the earthen wares in the kitchen. Wooden barrels became more in use for the larger
storage containers as mechanical techniques allowed cheaper production. These
replaced the large saltware jars. Modern methods of preserving and storing were
accepted more readily than before. By 1930 many of the new generation had acquired a
different way of life buying their food needs at a neighborhood store in small weekly
quanities eliminating the need of winter storage jars, so the old saltwares were no longer
A few potters still produced the old type of wares, peddling them out to the old folks left
on the farms. However, most of them became aware of the change in demands and began
making the smaller decorative pottery in an array of colors. The influence of the
Centennial Exhibition held in 1876 began a concentrated movement to establish art
schools and art education. At the same time the impact of the Industrial Revolution had
"Legal" Whiskey Still
Old wares exhibited in Potters Museum
created great concern of the disappearing folk crafts. The American Federation of Arts
was organized by groups interested in furthering the appreciation. Art groups were
formed in all populated areas. This was indeed a new concept in living.
Influential persons began collecting and sponsoring exhibits of the folk craft and
national attention was given to those made in the western section of the state when the
Conference of the Southern Mountain Workers was organized in 1912 for the makers of
The first major influence felt here by the potters came through the Pinehurst Health
Resort after it was founded in 1896. Located in the sand region just below the clay belt,
cultured people of world renown began coming into this area bringing with them new
ideas and designs. Potters who hauled their wares to distant markets would often gather
with other wagoners at the camp ground just outside of Pinehurst to learn of world
affairs. The visiting clients of the hotel would come out to purchase local made products
and to talk to the 'natives'. Having no need for the traditional churns and crocks they
began asking for the sophisticated designs. With sketches and photographs to be copied,
they persuaded the potters to supply their wants at the same time buying the "toy stuff"
as the potters called the handformed animals, tiles and small pots. Many of the old time
potters refused to make this kind of ware which demanded a new kind of glaze so some
kept on with the old traditional salt glazed shapes until they retired. Others met the new
market seeking information from lead companies and other knowledgeable persons.
Throughout the United States art Nouveau pottery was being the accepted conception.
Rookwood, Weller, Roseville and many other major potteries became established at this
time. Influenced by the art oriented society many people took up painting as a hobby
decorating their homes with self styled pictures on mirrors, glasses and especially on
plaques furnished by the china ware factories. Young people bravely forged their way
into the upper art society giving up secure employment in the modern machine age for a
chance to make themselves known as artist in their own right.
lacque and Juliana Busbee ventured out from this fine arts oriented world to establish
a pottery in this area that was termed Jugtown because of the many jug shops located
here. Taking their name from the surrounding area they began stamping their pottery
"Jugtown". Other artisans and entrepreneurs soon followed. Henry Cooper set up a shop
near Sanford naming it North State where he introduced the Chinese Red glaze into the
area. The Omar Khayann Art Pottery was built in Buncombe County by O. L. Bachelder
creating unusual glazes. W. B. Stevens and his mother opened the Pisgah Forest shop
near him making cameo wares resembling those of English origin. Mack Bishop and A. M.
Church built the O. Henry Pottery at Valdese producing both art forms and utilitarian
slip glazed wares. These were all new comers from the main streams of urban cultures
bearing new ideas on pottery forms and glaze types but depending upon the local potters
for operation of the shops. Meanwhile, the younger generation of the pottery families
began breaking away from the old traditions and started setting up shops of their own
directing their production toward this sudden activity of art wares. Herman Cole built a
shop near Smithfield Charlie and Everett Cole set up one at New Hill and their brother
came to Highway 1 in Sanford. Kellers came in from Tennessee to set up a high fired kiln
at Snow Camp. In the Jugtown area of Lincoln and Catawba Counties, the Heltons moved
from their old shop out to the new highway at Hickory and later on to Marion. Aumans
moved their shop from old Highway 70 to the new one of 220.
Many small craft guilds had been organized in the mountains during this early rash of
the crafts revival. Independant business ventures brought forth a multitude of small craft
and souvenir shops. Each of these places stocked the colorful pottery made at Seagrove.
The beginning of World War II closed a few of the pottery shops including the Royal
Crown at Merry Oaks and Cole at Smithfield, as workers left for service or defense
plants, but the surge of interest that began with the crafts revival was being
supplemented by many articles and publications and had its effect locally. By 1969 most
of the local shops were selling retail instead of having to ship or truck it out to the little
mountain shops. As more and more visitors find Seagrove, young potters find a ready
The Potters Museum was opened to the public in 1969. It contains a documented
collection of eighteenth and nineteenth century work by Tar Heel craftsmen.
Supplementing the old wares are items made by current traditional potters. Together
they form the story of pottery making here. The museum is housed in the old railroad
depot, an historical building, haveing connections with pottery by providing a way to ship
wares to the outside world from the former horse and wagon method. Walter and
Dorothy Auman restored the old building after moving it to the present location. It now is
situated on the northern boundry of Seagrove on Highway 220 beside the pottery shop
operated by them. The formation of the Potters Museum pay homage to the fine potters
who, down through generations, have paved the way for present craftsmen to follow.
The day the museum opened a marker was dedicated in the center of Seagrove
commemorating the old site of the depot.
J. F. Brower
John R. Chrisco
Jacon B. Cole
W. T. Macon
Daniel G. Fox
James M. Fox
L. T. Fox
W. T. Fox
W. R. Moffitt
J. J. Owens
M. T. Sugg
L. O. Sugg
E. L. Spencer
J. H. Spencer
J. M. Yow
G. W. Teague
M. F. Wrenn
N. H. Wrenn
W. N. Craven
J. A. Craven
J. D. Craven
T. W. Craven
J. Anderson Craven
Enoch S. Craven
Walter Auman glazing wares
LOG ROLLING IN 1898 at CM. TYSOR'S
(From left to right) T.B.Tysor. Tom Bean, John Fox, Jap Sugg, Frank Byrd, Uncle Lewis Sugg, Quincy Asbill, William Asbill
CM. Tyson, Archie McKinnson, M.F.Wrenn, Allen Bean, Herbert Tysor, Eli Leach, Madison Asbill, Robert Bray. George
Teague, Walter Staley. Ben Beck, Jobe Hayes, Eber Hayes, Will Hayes, Ruben Brown, Daniel Leach.
Before the white man came to this region, Indians inhabited it. Many of their artifacts
and a burial site have been located here.
Among the early settlers were the Browers, for whom the township and school were
later named. They were large land and slave owners. Alfred Brower, perhaps the most
prominent of them, owned a beautiful colonial mansion and a large country store in
which the Brower's Mill Post Office was located. He also operated the Brower Grist Mill.
His family was active in the Civic Affairs of the community and in Mt. Olivet Methodist
Eqiscopal Church South. He, two of his three wives, with many of his slaves, were buried
in his family graveyard located near his home, which was burned in recent years.
Another family who migrated to this area from Virginia was that of Enoch Spinks and
wife Amy Pierce Spinks, between 1741 and 1746. They willed a large tract of land in this
area to their son, who was also named Enoch, in 1772.
The son, Enoch, became a local preacher. He married Elizabeth Needham. To this
union were born nine children. Only two of their sons, Garrett and Lewis, settled in this
Garrett had several children. Some of his descendants include families of Eli Leach, Joe
Brown, Vance Spinks, Franklin Gatlin, Tom Byrd, Marsh Moffitt's second wife's children,
and others. Of these, only some of the offsprings of Gatlins, Moffitts, and Teagues reside
in this region now.
Rev. Enoch Spinks, his wife, their sons, (Garrett and Lewis) and many of their
descendants were buried in the Old Mt. Olivet Methodist Church Cementery.
Hardy Brown migrated to the community from Chatham County, near Pleasant Grove
Christian Church, after burying his young wife there in the early 1800's. He was twice
married in this neighborhood, became a large land owner, and reared a large family,
most of whom moved elsewhere. One of his daughters, Artamitia, married George
Teague, who was originally from Chatham County. The Teagues of the community today
are their descendants.
Other early settlers of the region, included these families: Phillips, of whom State
School Supt. Craig Phillips is a descendant, Waddell, Lowdermilk, Moffitt, Lawrence,
Richardson, Yow, Albright, Needham, Comer, Bray, Asbill, Beck, Maness, Chriscoe, etc.
Although most of the offsprings of the above migrated elsewhere, a few are residing in
the area today.
Rev. Enoch Spinks gave forty acres of land for the establishment of the Mt. Olivet
Methodist Eqiscopal Church, South, in 1813. As it was the first church in this entire
region, members came from a wide area. Many of them and their slaves were buried in
the Old Mt. Olivet Cemetery.
Previous to the Civil War, several one-room log school houses were built a few miles
apart. As a need for higher education was felt, the Mt. Olivet Academy was erected near
the present church of that name. Boarding students from other counties attended. Among
them were the Manns and Tysors from Chatham County. Thomas Benton "Bent" Tysor,
one of the pupils, became engaged to Mary Sugg, a descendant of Lewis Spinks.
During the Civil War the Academy was burned. Wesley and Lewis Sugg, grandsons of
Lewis Spinks, were in service for the Confederacy. The former died in camp, leaving a
small son, of whom Dr. Joe Sugg is a descendant. Lewis returned without an injury.
In later years, Lewis Sugg married Annie Tyson. Several of their descendants are
residents of the community yet.
MT. OLIVET ACADEMY
MT. OLIVET SCHOOL 1919
S. G. Richardson, Principal
Front Row: Wister Miller, Edwin Wrenn, Walton Brown, Manley Hayes, Norma
Brown, Ruby Tysor, May Wrenn, Flossie Maness, Edith Maness.
Second Row: Joe Tysor, Pearl Brown, Ola Wrenn, Donald Sugg, Jewell Hayes,
Clay Sugg, Wade Tysor, Ava Maness, Lillian Maness.
Third Row: Eva Wrenn, Flora Maness, Ernest Teague, Elizabeth Sugg, Mary
Miller, Ethel Brown.
Following the Civil War, the people jointly rebuilt the Academy - a two story building.
The upper story was used many years as a Masonic Hall.
Once again pupils came from adjoining counties to study here. As transportation was
slow, they boarded in the local homes.
Pleasant Hill Colored School was started in 1904. The deed for two acres of land was
made by A. S. Spinks and wife Maggie Spinks to the Board of Education July 2. It was
later intergrated with Brower Elementary School.
Thomas Benton Tysor, who had volunteered for the Civil War from Trinity College,
returned minus an arm, to marry Mary Sugg. He operated a large country store in which
a doctor's office and postoffice were located. He was asked to give the postoffice a name.
After much deliberation, he named it "Erect" after the good posture of one of his
neighbors. Although the postoffice no longer exists, the community is still known by that
Riverside Baptist Church was established near the west side of Deep River. James
Maness ("Suge") donated the land for it. Several of his descendants reside nearby and
are active in it.
Pleasant Hill Colored Methodist Church was established in the late 1800's. Alfred
Macon gave the land for this church and their first school.
During this period, Mt. Olivet Academy became an elementary two-teacher school.
Those wishing higher education went elsewhere - to Rutherford College, Davenport
College, Liberty or Elise High Schools. Bus service to Seagrove High School was first
provided in 1927.
In 1939 five small schools - Antioch, Cross Roads, Mt. Olivet, Trogdon, and Davis were
consolidated to form Brower Elementary School. Ernest Teague and wife, Nellie Sugg
Teague, donated six acres of land for the building site and playground. High School
students continued to be bused to Seagrove. Beginning this year, 1976, they will go to
Southwestern Randolph Senior High School.
The early settlers used primitive methods of farming. Cooperation among them in
house raisings, corn huskings, and log rollings, to clear the land, was a common practice.
In the late 1800's pottery making, trading, and sawmilling offered additional ways of
making a living. Taylor and Lewis O. Suggs, brothers, were among the first to have
pottery making in the community. Later, M. F. and W. H. Wrenn, brothers, also, had
pottery made. Rufin ("Ruff") Cole was one of the potters. The wares from these shops
were taken by conestogo wagons to various stores from Winston Salem to Fayetteville
and traded for needed supplies of the region. Charlie and Herbert Tysor, Willie Moffit
and Millard Wrenn were among the "wagoners."
Three beauty shops are in Brower Township, operated by: Emogene Kiser, Linda
Brady, Rt. 1, Seagrove & Juanita Comer, Rt. 2, Seagrove.
In recent years many commute to nearby towns where they are engaged in the textile
industry. Those who have chosen to remain employed in farming, are using modern
methods in raising chickens, hogs, corn and small grain.
The present store nearest that location in Erect was begun by Ernest Teague in 1938.
The building includes a station for gas and groceries, a garage, and barber shop, now
run by Lewis Teague.
Another store in this township for groceries and gas, is situated on the Bennett Road
and operated by Amos Garner, who also operates a cabinet shop.
A farmer's Union Store was located at the former Spokane Post Office and managed by
Antioch School 1907
Old Trogdon School - 1930
Built in 1874
Antioch Christian Church Early Spring of 1945
Oscar Macon. Members of this organization were given a discount on any purchase at
that store. When Spokane was discontinued in 1918, mail was sent to Kanoy - which was
in the home of William Moffitt. From here, mail went to Bennett in 1921.
Dempsey Auman operated a general store at Brower's Mill for several years.
M. F. Wrenn also operated a store about one half mile north of Brower's Mill.
The David Chrisco Store, two miles west of Brower's Mill, is in operation now.
Another Methodist Church, Mt. Zion, was organized across Deep River in the edge of
the county. The Phillipses and Waddells, above mentioned, became active in it. For many
years it was on the same charge at Mt. Olivet and the two congregations were very close.
Thomas Wrenn and family migrated from Guilford County via Franklinville to the Erect
Community. His son, Millard, married Cora Tysor, another of Lewis Spink's descendants.
They reared six children, only two of whom still live in the neighborhood.
When the Mt. Olivet Academy ceased to provide higher education, pupils desiring to,
went elsewhere. Several went to Albermarle to attend the Academy there. John Spinks,
another of Lewis's descendants, was in charge of it.
Two more churches were established in this region. Rev. Nelson Hayes, son of Calvin
Hayes, organized Antioch Christian Church. He had several brothers and sisters who
were active in it. On July 28, 1886, John Fesmire and wife Rachel, deeded six tenths acre
to Trustees: William Brady, Rev. W. N. Hayes, and A. L. Needham. Present Church built
in 1951 - additions in 1969.
The earliest mode of travel in the region was by horseback, wagons, carts, buggies and
carriages. There were no bridges crossing the streams. Waddell's Ferry was used to
cross Deep River. The creeks were crossed only at fords or where the water was shallow.
The wares which the potters sent to market would get wet when the wagons crossed the
creeks. It was important to pack them so that the water drained out, and the wagons
would not be loaded too heavy.
In the early part of this century (1919) a covered bridge was built with volunteer labor
at Brower's Mill across Fork Creek, near the fording place. Neighbors built the rock
pillars for it. John Cox, his son Tom, and Nicholas Brooks did the carpentry work. Until
this time, all road work was done by volunteers.
When the state assumed responsibility for road work, transportation was greatly
improved. The one-way covered bridge was replaced with a wider open one.
Until Governor Kerr Scott took office, there was not a square foot of paved road in the
entire region. Thanks to his administration, today all of the major roads are paved or are
in good condition.
During the pioneer days, news traveled slowly. Dr. R. L. Caviness had the first
telephone system installed. This was a great help to him in his medical practice and to
the community in getting information to and from the outside. After the doctor retired
from practice, the system was discontinued. About twenty-five years lapsed before the
Randolph Telephone Membership Corporation provided service. Today there are very
few homes without it.
Previous to the coming of the Rural Electrification Administration, a few homes had
electricity produced in farm plants, but it was of little use except for lights.
T. B. and C. M. Tysor Store 1900 pictured are T. B. Tysor, Ray Tysor and Dewey the dog.
Teague's Store 1938
Left to right: Ernest Teague, Edsel Needham. Charles Teague. Zem Fox. Perry Cox. and Herman
Today, there are a miltitude of uses of electricity in every home and in the operation of
When Rural Free Delivery was extended to every home, mail service was greatly
Many new beautiful modern homes have been built in the region. Others are under
A fire station with fire fighting equipment has been added in the Erect Community.
Two more beautiful churches - Trinity Wesleyan and Community Independent Baptist -
have been established in the region. Riverside Church has brick veneered their
sanctuary and added a modern Fellowship Hall. Antioch Church is building a new larger
sanctuary. Mt. Olivet added a modern Fellowship Hall a few years ago. Other
improvements are in progress.
Mrs. Ernest Teague
In the early 1800's the stage coach on its run from Salisbury traveled treacherous,
often unmarked roads, through a portion of the Uwharrie Mountains and beyond, in the
foothills turned onto a road called the stage coach road crossed one of the beginning legs
of the Little River at the stage coach ford and shortly afterwards pulled up to the home of
Dan Luther. This was one of the coaches stops on its way to Fayetteville. The community
is called Pisgah.
Pisgah was sparsely settled with mostly Irish, German, English, Scotch and Dutch. The
people farmed for their livelyhood. Farming at that time, we today would say, was
primitive. Tool designs of one hundred years not unlike those designed by Thomas
Jefferson and the designes found in Diderot's Encyclopedia were used and functioned
well. Plows, wagons, carts were pulled by oxen, mules, horses. The industrial revolution
had not reached Pisgah.
Stock laws had not come into being so cattle ran free and were marked by owners. In
1845 from March to the first snow of the following fall no rain of any significance fell.
Crops dried and baked under the sun and all the inhabitants suffered. Cows came from
some distance to drink at the Martha Parks spring since it was one of the few water
supplies left. This was probably the worst drought ever in the area. The summer was
referred to as the hot summer of '45.
The first half of the 19th century also brought families to the area by the name of Park.
They built unusual residences. Two houses were constructed. One was used for cooking,
eating and sleeping and the other had sleeping quarters also, but this structure was used
for Sunday company, since it consisted of nicer molding and more tailored architectual
features. At lead 3 of these sights existed.
The Civil War came. War takes much but leaves little. Many of the young and able men
were away fighting. A band of thieves roamed the community taking what they wished
from the very young, the women and the very old. The thieves came to the home of
Tabitha Lucas, the second Postmistress of Pisgah. Tabitha sat upon a piece of home
tanned leather with her full skirt spread wide to prevent it's being stolen.
In the mid-1800's, Labon Slack built a house with money he earned while helping build
the old plank road. Later he and his wife Elizabeth rented a room and served meals to a
Mr. Johnson. This was called boarding. Mr. Johnson began to practice medicine in an
Laban Slack House
Pis g ah Community
enclosed portion of the back porch. Later he moved his practice to Seagrove and
Medical treatment in those days was as primitive as farming or so we would think
today. Dr. Crone practiced near Troy in Montgomery county. Dr. Crone discovered a cure
for Diphtheria in the mid-1 800's. He and his daughters made and sold the medical
wonder. Certain people in the community were proficient at administering Dr. Crone's
Diphtheria treatment. Throats were swabbed with this solution. Diphtheria was a
dreaded disease evidenced today by cemeteries which contain several graves for one
family with death dates just days apart.
Dr. Crone would not, however, sell or give the recipe to anyone. It died with him and
his daughter. 1890 saw the next cure. The Plunketts came from Guilford county about the
1890's. To be a doctor then was a different situation than today. Motor cars were not
available to any great extent. So. Dr. Plunkett, with Sis or Sally to assist, rode horse and
buggy, to the home of the afflicted. Payment was seldom in the form of money but rather it
was in the form of produce or satisfaction or need to help on the part of the doctor.
Later half of the 1800's and early 1900's saw the building of 4 schools. Pisgah and High
Pine, near their respective churches. Welch, near Mt. Lebanon Church and Dunn's
crossroads. These schools usually were one room structures, except Welch, which
was very progressive with 2 rooms. Heat was provided by box like heaters of cast iron.
Pisgah school burned during a school day. In the 1930's, schools were consolidated and
Union School was built across from the Labon Slack's house.
The Mormons came in pairs to teach and preach and minister in the area. Mrs.
Brookshire's boarding house was where they found a roof under which to stay the night.
Mormons were considered by many to be undersirable. A group of, shall we say,
concerned citizens saw to it they they were sent away. Several came to Pisgah where
such families as George Lucas, Cicero Lucas and Sid Cox gave them shelter.
In the late 1800's to mid - 1900's, 1894 to 1901 and 1902 to 1952, Lula Cox was
Postmistress of Pisgah. Previous to this, James Newsom (1876) and Tabitha Lucas (1878)
had served in that capacity. Mrs. Cox and her husband Sid, in 1911, finished a 12 room
house that became the best known landmark in Pisgah. It was an enormous Late
Victorian house. Paper hangers came and other craftmen to help in the construction of
this home. One approached by climbing steps cut out into a white flint wall some 3 feet
Near by was the general store building where the Post Office operation took place. The
store was dark inside. There was a rack containing bolts of oil cloth, a tobacco cutter and
a case where records of the business were kept. A glass case displayed hand bags,
change purses, and snake skins worthy of display. Every possible spot was utilized for
display of merchandise throughout the store.
1911 in Pisgah saw another new structure being built. Down stream from Stage Coach
Ford where Little River crossed Mt. Lebonon church road was the sight of a new covered
bridge, Jack Welch contracted to build the bridge for $40.00. This structure not only
spanned the river but also the super structure protected the bridge proper from the
extreme weather conditions.
The hot summer of '45 was the most extreme of droughts recorded. Once, however,
conditions became very dry, so dry in fact that the people with the help of the minister at
Pisgah planned a program for the purpose of praying for rain. The minister went about
informing every one of the meeting. He came by Tom Slack's and said "Brother Tom, pray
for rain and..." Tom broke in, "It won't do a damn bit of good 'til the wind gets out of the
&u 4L A'
Back in time to the early 1800's. There was Quaker Church, Uwharrie Quaker Church
or Union Quaker Church. The members decided to rebuild and they gave the old church
to the blacks and it became the first black school in the county. This took place in the
community of Strieby. Abner Lewis, a white man, was the first teacher.
Ned Hill, a free black, lived with a Quaker family and became the first black in what is
today known as Strieby.
Ned Hill's great-grandson, Authur Hill, says that Isac Walton, was sent to Virginia to
school. He returned and organized the Strieby Congregational Church. Funds were
recruited from the New York office of the Congregational Church in order to build this
first church in Strieby.
Mid-1800's brought the Skillicorn name to the community. Mr. Skillicorn was a minning
engineer from England, who came to manage the Uwharrie Mines in Strieby. He was paid
at the rate of $25.00 per month.
The owner one day came by Brax Auman's Government still, purchased 2, 2Vz gallon
buckets of whiskey, came to the mine and placed a dipper in each bucket and offered
drinks to all the workers.
The White House
Home of Benjamin Brookshire, White
House Post Office established here in
Early in the nineteenth century, a Guilford County resident named Benjamin
Brookshire visited the area around Little River in what is now Cedar Grove Township.
What he found there was so appealing to him that he went back to Guilford County,
disassembled his large frame house, loaded it and his family on wagons and moved them
all to the new-found spot. Reconstructing his home on the Salisbury-Fayetteville Post
Road, Brookshire began a profitable pastime as tavern-keeper.
The growth of the area was so rapid that in 1849, Benjamin Brookshire was made
postmaster of a new post office, named after his transplanted home: White House,
so-called because its gleaming exterior bore the first coat of paint ever seen in those
According to tradition, there was a picnic one day at the White House. It was the time
long before stock laws, and farm animals were allowed to run loose to feed themselves in
the woods. Pigs easily slip from domestication into savagery, and on this occasion a
razorback hog which had gone wild invaded the group of innocent picnickers, grabbed a
small child, and "tore him to pieces" with his fearsome tusks. Perhaps as a result of this
tragedy, Benjamin's son Enoch soon left the White House and settled his family in a farm
on what is now the Flag Springs Road. Enoch discovered that a legend went with his new
home: it was the home of Martha Huzza, where Jonathan Lewis, the murderer of Naomi
Wise, had been arrested in 1808.
Rocky Ridge School 1906
First Row: Nina Whatley, Bessie Bean, Alma Luck, Nannie Allred, Mattie Williams, Esther Cox, Albert Russell,
Eula Luther, Elmer Presnell, Garland Voncannon, Lester Freeman, Arnold Hussey, Homer Dawson.
Second Row: Louise Whatley, Ila Cox, Maude Voncannon, Modean Allred, Sara Ellen Bean, Annie Williams,
Ollie Brown, Cagle, Buzzella Brown, Loudella Bean, Meadie Luck, Lewallen, Lester Russell, Willie
Third Row: Maude Whatley, Jasper Boggs, Sears, Jessie Brown, Fletcher Dawson, Frank Brown, Henry
Lewallen, Russell Ashworth (Teacher), Press Voncannon, Grover Boggs, Rufus Williams, Wendell Cox, Ralph
Standing: Effie (Luck) Bean, Annie Cox, Emma Dawson, Dora Voncannon, Elma Brown, Minnie Luther, Dorie
Freeman. Ida Bean, Addie Frye, Daisy Presnell, Evonne Allred, Kathleen Frye, Laylie Allred, Walter Hussey.
Benjamin Brookshire died in 1862, in the midst of the Civil War, and was buried at the
old Uwharrie Meeting House. A replacement was not named by the beleaguered
Confederate government. As if losing its first owner was not enough, the White House
was soon to lose its identity. E. B. Henley, appointed postmaster in 1866, moved the post
office to his own home, and White House, North Carolina, was administered from a log
cabin. Stephen Henley took over in 1867, Levi T. Branson in 1874, and V. T. Dawson in
1907. In 1908 the post office was discontinued and service moved to Seagrove.
Though the center of attention and activity after the war moved toward Ulah and first
the plank road and then the railroad, the White House area remained the scene for two
important activities of the late nineteenth century: gold-mining and sawmilling. In 1894
business directory compiled by Eli Branson, no less than five gold mines and three steam
saw mills were listed around the White House countryside. L. F. Rush owned the Rush
mine; John T. Cramer ran the Buckeye mine; the Hammond Creek mine was operated with
much success by John B. Gluyas before the war. Levi Branson ran both a gold mine and a
sawmill. The sawmill was located near the present High Pines Church, and can be seen
in photographs belonging to Mr. Clifford Hammond. The foreman of the mill was Ben
Dawson who now lives between Fayetteville and Elizabethtown. Slabs to fire the boiler
were cut by one-armed Clayton Roach. The boiler of the steam engine was cased in rock,
a usual safety precaution at that time. John B. Gluyas, a crippled old man at the 1904 date
of the photograph can be seen visiting the mill. Young Mr. Hammond can be found
peeking out of the sawdust pit. His job as a schoolboy was to scoop out the sawdust and
roll it away in a wheelbarrow.
The unusually interesting pictures were taken by Walter Lilly, a local black man who
had learned photography in Boston, Massachusetts. He returned in 1904 to live in the
vicinity of the White House with his family, and practiced his trade there for a year
before moving to Asheboro. All his pictures were stamped "H. W. Lilly, Photographer,
White House, North Carolina."
When it was felt to be inconvenient to travel to the Uwharrie Meeting House for
church, small log house was built near Penn Hammond's present house. A school was
started which used this building during the week, and when Hopewell Church was built
in 1885 on land donated by the Bransons, the school moved with it. In 1907 a separate
structure was erected for Hopewell School. Another school in the area was the Rocky
Ridge School, which was conducted in a small frame structure until 1912, when classes
moved to the new Ulah School.
In 1889 the government decided to open a post office on the route of the old plank road,
in anticipation of the arrival of the railroad. Manly R.("Rob") Moffitt, who was to be
postmaster, chose to name the new office after his daughter, Ulah (sometimes spelled as
'Uhla' or 'Ula'). His general store was located where Jerry Dickinson lives now. Rob
Moffitt was a renowned local character who chewed tobacco, sported a long black
beard, and was known by the much-muttered phrase "Tut tut! Tut tut!"
With his daughter married off to Nixon Lucas and the railroad's arrival bringing on a
boom in the crosstie business, Rob Moffitt left the operation of the store to W. H. ("Will")
Hill and contented himself with running the post office. He died before the First World
The railroad had come to Ulah. A native of the area around Ninety-Six, South Carolina,
who recalled coating his feet in tar to substitute for shoes when taking geese to market,
"Enoch" Whatley, known as "E", was Section Foreman in the construction of the
railroad. He had previously built the railroad into Aberdeen and, with his family,
followed the advance of the rails south from High Point, living first in Trinity, then in
Auman Store at Ulah
Frank Auman standing in doorway Charles T. Luck in wagon.
House typical of 1875 period — Charles T. Luck resident at White House
Asheboro, and finally in the tiny "Section House" built by his workers near Moffitt's
store and still standing.
When the railroad was finished, E. Whatley decided to stay on in the area, having
found it as appealing as had Benjamin Brookshire nearly a hundred years earlier. He
settled his family near Rocky Ridge School and went into the lumber business. At one
time he owned Purgatory Mountain and almost all the area today covered by the North
Carolina Zoological Park, and temporarily moved into a camp there to oversee the
Irving T. Cox became the postmaster in 1908, and moved the office into his store on the
present day site of Allene Whatley's garden. Cox began his store with Frank Dawson as a
partner, and their main business, as Moffitt's had been, was the buying and selling of
crossties. Both stores had loading platforms built out to the railroad where boys were
paid to load ties into the trains. Hewing ties was a simple, though physically demanding,
project to make spending money, and even women cut ties and brought them in to sell.
Other stores began to open: Bud Williams sold fertilizer and ran a little corn mill until
his store burned in 1927. Milton Hill began a store which was taken over by Rupert H.
Freeman in 1914 when he became the new postmaster. Even Captain "E" Whatley got in
the store business, opening a large two-story building in the intersection of 220 and the
road to Pisgah which faced his new house. On the first floor "E" dealt in seed and
provisions, while on the second floor his wife Ellen ran a millinery store, selling ladies'
On March 22, 1911 "E" Whatley deeded the Randolph County Board of Education two
acres of land on which to build the new Ulah School. It was opened in November, 1912,
with a "box party", to raise money. A box party was an auction where boys in the school
bidded both on box lunches made by young ladies, and the right to have those responsible
as dinner companions.
In preparation for paving in 1927, the road was straightened and moved to follow the
original path of the plank road instead of the railroad bed. Some of the old planks were
found during construction. A huge rock crusher was constructed near the railroad to
make gravel for the road.
Ralph Whatley, young son of Enoch, had seen action in World War I as an airplane
mechanic on the front lines. The then strange and exotic machines would arrive in
France crated in large boxes, and a mechanic's duty was to assemble a plane and keep it
in the air despite bullet holes and crash landings. Back in Ulah in 1923, Whatley began a
garage with hand-cranked Esso gasoline pumps and a machine shop run by Mr. Johnie
Frank Auman had taken over the job of keeping Irving Cox's store, but during the
1930's and '40's the businesses in the small community began to disappear one by one.
The old Auman store closed and was torn down when Ralph Whatley built a house for his
family. The Ulah School was closed in 1944, after which the students were sent to
Seagrove and the building used by the Home Demonstration Club as a Community Center.
"E" Whatley had his store turned around in an effort to attract the greater traffic on
the new 220, but he died and the unstable building was torn down. In 1948, the post
mastership was given to Mrs. Allen (Trogdon) Whatley, wife of Ralph Whatley. She was
still said to be postmaster instead of postmistress, because she was in charge of
"mastering the mail." In 1953, however, a drive to save money forced the closing of
Fourth Class post offices, and Ulah's final distinction disappeared.
The only organizations still operated from Ulah today are the old Whatley Garage, now
mainly a foreign auto parts salvage yard, owned by Lowell Whatley, (son of Ralph), and
the Ulah Volunteer Fire Department. Organized in 1968, the Department was given the
old Ulah School property where a new fire station and community center was built. The
department owns a tanker, two pumpers, a brush truck, and a 1941 "parade" truck. The
Chief is Jerry Dickinson, owner of D-Blaze Fire Extinguisher and Alarm Co., and the
Assistant Chief is Norris Whatley.
Home of Stehen Huzza where Jonathan Lewis, murderer of Naomi Wise was
arrested in 1808.
Why did they name it Why Not? The answer most people give is that after the Post
Office was established in 1860 it needed a name. The men got together to decide what it
should be and a lot of names were suggested. Why not name it this and why not name it
that. None were agreed upon as it grew later and later. Finally Alfred Yow said "Let's
name it Why Not and let's go home". They departed with a good laugh leaving the new
Post Master, Josiah Presnell with "Why Not" to enter on his official records.
The community really developed years before this as the Hancocks, Cassadys,
Lowdermilks, Coles, Macons, Lucks, Graves and Coxes settled on the fertile lands of the
Fork and Meadow Creeks. Small mountains lay to the north. Gray, Pond, Smith, Haddock
and Needham was the largest where the head water of Bear Creek began at the Gap of
In 1815 Joshua Cox bought land about two miles below the forks of the creek of the
same name. One of his daughters married Henry Yow who with Joshua built a mill in 1820
for grinding grains. By 1870 Robinson Yow had added a saw mill to the water powered
wheel, grinding grains during the day and sawing lumber at night. Yow family continued
to operate the mill until about 1890. Then Minerva Swift and his son-in-law A. Westley
Caviness installed a 40 horse turbine water wheel to power the mill.
After a few years, Swift and Caviness sold the operation back to Andrew J. Yow and
his son. They let the mill to John C. Chriscoe in 1917 who operated it until his death in
1925. At this time O. M. Yow began working it. G. D. Moose from Stanley County bought it
later and disconnected the machinery selling the building and land to Harwood Graves,
the present owner.
A Post Office was established at Fork Creek the same year the one at Why Not was
organized, but the people who lived near here claimed Why Not as their home. Years
later, J. B. Slack, a retired regional director for the Farmers Home Administration who
was born and reared in Why Not declared "these folks living here are mighty proud.
They like to be known as being from Why Not." Even today this pride can be seen as auto
licenses proclaim the name of their community.
Why Not had one of the best academies in this part of the state which helped draw
attention to the area. Recently officals reported that the center of the state's population
area lay between Why Not and Erect. The place has no definite limits. At one time Evan
Cole's pottery shop was listed as Why Not. He lived four miles east near the Moore
County line. Folks five miles north also received their mail here.
Josiah Presnell kept the office until it discontinued in 1866. Then in 1877, when it was
reinstated, Alfred Yow served. Martin Cagle was installed in 1892 and Mammie
Richardson was Post Mistress from 1898 until the mail was sent to Seagrove in 1905.
The community had, besides the mill and pottery shops, a General Store run by Esau
Spencer. A tan yard and a wagon factory was also operated by Spencer. By 1895 J. W.
Spencer took over the store and A. M. Yow ran one near the mill.
Families owned large tracts of land farming grains. A diary belonging to Calvin
Cassady revealed that his father came from Ireland and at the age of 20 married
Elizabeth Wilkinson in 1790. Elizabeth also had arrived from the Emerald Isle with her
three brothers in 1789. They settled on "the waters of Forke Creek". To this union was
born eight children. Calvin was the youngest born in 1819.
Calvin's diary told that while his parents cleared the wilderness they also taught him
to read and write, work mathematics and compose poetry. He also learned history and
was a natural born mechanic, making locks, augers and wagons.
Calvin became engaged to Fannie Moffitt and set himself to establishing a home and a
productive farm. Not to please himself alone nor his neighbors but his beloved Fannie. He
was delighted to learn of her wit as well as her love of trees. He entered in his diary
"I am compelled to plant a grove
To satisfy the girl I love
This grove, she says, must be composed
Of nineteen trees in nine straight rows"
There is a drawing of a perfect star where he had solved this problem bisecting every
angle. Beneath the star he had written, dated October 2, 1845:
"At every cross now you may see
I do expect to plant a tree
Then counting it will be seen
That all the X's make nineteen.
These trees are to be planted so
That five will count in every row
She says if I can plant this grove
I may call mine the girl I love."
He began his estate with the erection of a large barn 56' x 66'. With the assistance of
two Negro slaves, John and Enoch Cassady, sawed all the lumber with a sash saw from
heart pine timbers, morticed and pinned it. Roman numerals still visible were cut on each
piece of timber framing so that matching was done perfectly.
Rocks weighing two to three tons were brought from a nearby creek to form the
foundation. Having started on September 1, 1843 the barn was completed August 1, 1844.
Calvin's artistic hands fashioned the crown molding under the eves, the hinges and
latches as well as the lightning rods. The two story barn is still standing on the late A. B.
Lowdermilk home place. At the head of the stairway is a trap door that when tripped
released hay to the basement floor. There is a large feeding trough 26 feet long hewn out
of a log. The sides are worn away from years of use.
Cassady had in mind after the barn was built to plant the grove of trees and build a
substantial home for his love. Such was not the case. In the fall of 1847 Calvin became
sick with the fever. He sent for a doctor in Rockingham but died before he got there. He
was buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery which is said to be one of the oldest and best kept
grave yards in this county. Other stones there indicate that people were laid to rest here
175 years ago beside one of the first churches established in this section.
What happen to Fannie Moffitt is not recorded except that she rests in a cemetery
about four miles from her bethrothed.
Very few communities are fortunate in having written journals from which to base
their past but Why Not has not one but three which tells of days gone by. The diary of
Alexander Spencer, born 1818 (one year before Cassady) was gleaned by C. Henry King
and published in the Courier-Tribune September 1960. Part of this material is enclosed
here. Spencer's daughter, Minnie Spencer Stuart, born 1872, also wrote a story of her
generation. Mrs. C. E. Stuart was given the role of Historial for the community and served
as correspondent for the Courier beginning in 1897. Her sister, the late Connie Spencer
Lowdermilk, gave this material requesting that it be included in the story of this area.
D. R. Graves, born 1879, has been a citizen of the Why Not Community for almost a
century. His daughter, Dellamaie Graves Cagle, has recently recorded many of his
We think it fitting to pay tribute to one of the oldest living citizens of the Seagrove
Area. It is Dolphin Graves, better known as "Pap" Graves to everyone. He only lacks
three years of living out the last century including our Bicentennial. He was born August
5, 1879 to Randolph and Martha Parks Graves and was ninth of a family of thirteen
children. They lived about 2 miles north of Why Not. Their home was a log house with
kitchen, a 'big' house and loft where all the children slept.
He tells of his early schooling at Rock Springs school near Hulda Church. It was a log
building with slab benches and a fireplace on one end. Some of the teachers he recalls
were Coy Cox and Lindo Johnson, who was a brother to our beloved Dr. Johnson. His last
teacher was Billy Harper. He excelled in mathematics and stopped school long enough to
earn money to buy an arithmetic book. "Books were not furnished in those days," he
recalled "and families could not always supply the money for them". When he went back
to school he was able to almost finish the entire book so his teacher encouraged him to go
to Why Not and take a course in higher mathematics but he was unable to do so.
Another school remembered was the Cox School. It was located on Cox land near the
old Yow Mills. It served families east of Why Not after it opened in 1913. The first teacher
was Ethel Maness Johnson and some of the others were Mrs. Elba Slack, Dena Yow, Mrs.
Nora Lawrence, Walter Macon and Myrtte Cox. This school was consolidated with
Seagrove after 1930.
Not only have times changed, he says, but also the weather. He recalls snow staying on
the ground for six weeks at a time and winters were extremely cold when he was growing
up. This was in the days before they had 'stock law' and it was a cold, cold chore getting
out and hunting up the hogs and cows to feed them when the ground was covered in
snow. There would be sows with new born pigs and calves to be found where the mother
cows had hidden for days. Often they were in such weakened condition in Spring that
they had to be "tailed" - that is helping them up on their feet by pulling them upwards by
His father, Randolph, was a blacksmith and there was many a fire to keep hot and
bellows to blow. His father was also a coffin maker. He kept a special wood and when
Grinding cane for syrup
This house was owned
by George Spencer who
was a land baron and
This plantation was
formed in 1825 when
Johnson Spencer, father
of George Spencer,
bought 373 acres from
George Tucker. Twenty
seven years later in 1852
this same piece of land
was deeded to George
Spencer acquired sev-
eral slaves who began
clearing and cultivation of
the land. That same year
he decided to build a
house, lacking funds for
this structure, he sold one
of his slaves.
people died the coffin was made to order in the size needed.
"Pap" remembers of days long before the railroad was built and Seagrove was not yet.
The coming of the railroad was quite an event - almost the same as the discovery of gold.
He recalls that all the mules which were used to work on the railroad were brought to the
blacksmith shop on the weekend to be shod. His father made the horse shoes but it was
his and his brothers' job to put them on the mules. He also helped cut wood and put it on
racks beside the tracks to be used to fire the train boiler. He recalls many of the train
wrecks when the train would 'jump track' but there was one worse than all the others. It
happened between Seagrove and Asheboro. The train turned over and the engineer's leg
was pinned. No one could get it out so the engineer, fearing he would be burned to death,
took his knife and dislocated his knee at the joint. He recalls the happier times too. When
the railroad was finished, the Sunday Schools of the area were given a "Free Excursion"
on the train to the resorts at Pinehurst. Young and old and babies all filled the train. He
went with his girl friend, Delilah Moore, who he later married, and he bought her a silk
handerkerchief while there.
When he was growing up wages were very low. He worked on the farm for an older
brother for twenty five cents a day. He chuckled that there was discrimination then as
well as today, for his sister only received fifteen cents a day.
They also made syrup as a family business, each one having his own job to do. "Pap's"
job was to grind the cane. A mule was used to pull the cane mill, walking around and
around in a circle. Other people would bring their cane in to be made into syrup. Toll was
one third of the syrup for their work. Then in the winter they would peddle this out at
fifteen cents a gallon, mostly taking it to Randleman where people were working in the
cotton factories and had money in their pockets.
Gardens in those days were a must and in a corner all to itself was the "Yarb Garden"
where they grew their own seasonings and medicines. Sometimes, he said, they would
carry these to market and camp by the side of the road in traveling, oft times waking up
with a blanket of snow that had fallen while they slept.
Young people will always find some form of recreation. Their's was to get together and
walk to the "Big Meeting". They would walk to Flag Springs, New Hope, Why Not,
Pleasant Hill and even to Mt. Olivet. They would carry their shoes in their hands until
they got in sight of where they were going and then they would stop and put them on. This
was to save wear on their shoes for a pair was hard to come by. Even before they got to
the church they could hear the shouting and the singing of songs, of Zion and the
preaching of 'Fire and Brimstone'. There would be a big brush arbor with slab benches.
A scaffold, built to one side and covered with mud, had a fire built on top to give light. He
decided to leave it to others to decide whether it was always for the soul that drew them
to the meeting or if it was "the longest way was the sweetest way home" while walking
barefoot with a pretty girl and your shoes in your hand".
There was an epidemic of Typhoid Fever when he was eighteen years old. Only a
member or two of his whole family escaped the dreaded disease and two of his sisters
died from it. They believed in starving a fever. He says he lived for six weeks on 'gruel'
(flour stirred in water). After he was strong enough to ride to the mill for grinding he
weighed on the mill scales and found that he had went from 175 pounds down to 90.
In 1900 when he was 21 years of age there was a voting issue on stock laws. He was
honest and says that he voted against it for that meant putting their cows and hogs in
pasture and that it took "a bit of getting used to". Shortly after this he married Delilah
Moore, bought a team and began 'hauling'. His wages were $1.50 a day for himself and
the team. He began to think of buying land of his own and this he did. He purchased 560
acres at a dollar an acre in Richmond County near Rockingham. Here he began to farm
and operate his own shingle mill. Shingles were made out of Juniper wood cut off his land.
By this time he had two little boys and his wife became homesick. He reasoned that if it
were he that wanted to go home she would agree so they sold that farm and bought one in
Why Not. This was originally Page land - the same Page that built the railroad. He has
lived here since. A third boy was born and a few months later Delilah died leaving him
with the three children. His sister came to help but in a little while the baby boy died of
Meningitis. In 1908 he married Delia Leach and they had five children, twins, one dying
in infancy. In all he had nine children with only six living. Ottis and Philmore from the
first marriage, Harwood, Martha, the surviving twin, Clyde and Dellamaie from the last
He took a lot of pride in his farming, keeping up with the latest things and always tried
to do better each year. His last major project was a herd of Charlois cattle which he had
to sell after suffering a stroke nine years ago. His wife died in 1949 and up until three
years ago maintained his own home. At this time daughter, Martha Lucas and her
husband, Elijah, bought the farm and he lives with them. He is plagued with Arthritis and
his sight is getting dim but his mind is keen and he keeps up with all the latest news. At 96
years old he made medical history by successfully having a hip transplant. Everyone
feels enriched by his presence and he says he has no enemies for he has "outlived them
all". He will soon be celebrating his 97th birthday with his family which include the five
children (Philmore is now deceased), twenty three grandchildren, forty nine great
grandchildren and fifteen great-great grand babies making a total of 92 descendents.
There are four sets of twins in this family. He had a set, a son had a set, a grandson
had twins as did a great grandson. This makes a set of twins in four consective
generations. He is a life long member of Hulda Baptist Church, joining when he was a
young man a few years after the church was organized.
D. R. Graves escorting Mrs.
Minnie Spencer Stuart to the
Fairgrove Church Centennial in
1959. The coat worn by "Pap"
Graves was woven and tailored
by his mother in 1875. Mrs.
Stuart was dressed in the
attair of her Mother's of about
the same date.
Alexander Spencer Diary
Extracted By Henry King
Only a few of Randolph's early citizens wrote their life stories and those
autobiographies were mostly handwritten documents that were handed down a
generation or two and then lost to historians. A small number were privately printed and
when one of these turn up they offer a rare insight into the blank spaces of our local
Such a paper is the autobiography of Alexander Spencer, a Randolph County native,
which was printed in 1908. Although Mr. Spencer did not live to complete his story, it was
given some concluding remarks and published by his son, J. H. Spencer.
From dates ascertained in the document, the son J. H. would be about 108 years old
(and likely more) if living today.
Mr. Spencer's original paper contained many lengthy references to personal religious
convictions and these have been deleted because it is not likely they would interest a
majority of the readership and because of space limitations. Also, not all events were in
chronological order and liberty has been taken here to arrange dates for readability and
thus aid in annotation.
"I was born the 21st day of January, 1818, on the waters of Fork Creek, Randolph
County, N. C." (So starts the narrative of Alexander Spencer's life. Daniel Boone was still
living; Napoleon Bonaparte was still in exile on the island of Saint Helena.
Abe Lincoln was just a 9 year old boy. Illinois would enter the union this year.
Randolph County was sparsely settled and the next few sessions were to see Alabama
and Maine become states, the first ocean steamship would operate, Florence
Nightingale, U. S. Grant, and Pres. Rutherford Hayes, and Stonewall Jackson would be
born, Florida ceded by Spain to U. S. the Monroe Doctrine proclaimed, the Erie Canal
open, Colt revolver patented, and the notorious David Fanning would die on faraway
"I was eight years old the first day I went to school, I was placed at my grandfather
Ashworth's, went to school two miles and only missed four and one half days. The first
day I learned my letters in an old Dillworth spelling book; the next day I was furnished
with a Webster speller. I advanced rapidly from week to week; finally I was put in a class
with Robert Dunn not far from my age. He had gone to school months before. Then we did
advance; we could soon spell in one and two syllables through the book.
"The teacher turned us back to the beginning of the book. We soon learned to spell in
four syllables through the book. He turned us back again to the first easy reading where
it read: "No man may put off the law of God. My joy is in His law all day" etc. We read
and spelled through once more before the three months were out. The teacher took me
from the second spelling class and put me in the first or largest class. I remember the
first word I went head on, was "bludgeon." I guess my eyes sparkled then for they are
good size anyway.
"I was raised to fish on Sunday, with bow and arrow and kill great strings of fish and
thought it no harm to those who had not openly professed religion. About the only fear we
had was the preacher or some pious person would see us. This was my raising and I had
a good honest father and mother, who raised me as they were raised.
"Even firing a gun on Sunday was considered no harm if you had a squirrel up a tree. I
was ten or eleven years old and brother Goodman was eight and a half years old when he
and I went fishing."
"Our implements were a pine torch and a paddle with which to strike them, we fished
up the creek nearby and soon came to a small hole of water in which a school of white
suckers had just assembled. In a little while Goodman killed three and I killed fourteen,
making seventeen large suckers, many of them measuring fifteen to eighteen inches in
length. They made a big load for us to carry on a string. My father's cousin, Harbird
Spencer, from Montgomery County was there with a stallion. They made a big to do over
the affair, a wonderful thing for little boys to do. The fish had come from a millpond
POWDER HORN EXPLOSION
"In those days people hunted and killed much wild game: deer, turkeys, squirrels, etc. An
old man, Cagle was out one day with his boys and got after a squirrel and in the scramble
lost his powder horn which was full of powder. Well, he knew within a small compass of
where it had to be. They hunted diligently but could not find it, The old man said: Boys,
scratch a great wide ring in the leaves around here and stand and watch while I stick
fire to the leaves; they will burn off and we will see the horn before it bursts.' The leaves
were burning and all hands were watching when all at once, what an explosion!
"The old man was blown against some hickory saplings. Jumping up with his knuckles
skinned a little, he smote his fists together and swore jackly damn. He was a man of his
own accord. This was squirrel hunting in my boyhood days."
"I will now go back to the childhood of my parents. I well remember my mother telling
about a spitefull bull in Duke's pasture. She and Jennie Dunning were passing through
the pasture one day when the bull chased them. They ran and climbed a mulberry tree
and got out on a limb and there they were frightened almost to death while the bull was
pawing, scraping, and bellowing under them. All at once the limb broke away and they
fell on the bull's back! The bull stuck up his tail and ran for life and so they made their
"But a bigger thing than this happened in the same pasture. Tom Dunning had gone to
borrow a hackle (an implement with sharp spikes for cleansing flax or hemp) with which
to hackle some flax. There being an old butting ram in the pasture. Tom kept his eyes
open, but before he got through he saw the old ram coming. Now, Tom thought he would
fix him, so he bent forward and placed the hackle behind him with the teeth pointing
outward as he thought. But when the ram bumped it, Tom found the teeth were pointing
in his own direction as it required two men to pull the hackle away from him!
THIEVES, OF A SORT
"Well, in the childhood days of my parents, many funny things happened. There was
an old darkey by the name of Arthur. He said to Duke one day he would bring him a
cheap bushel of corn. Duke knew he would have to steal it but agreed to give him 25 cents
for a bushel. Arthur was to bring it some night and throw it in at the door and Duke was
to go down to a certain stump and lay the 25 cents on it for Arthur to get. Well, all was
done completely and no evidence could be made, but oh, dear, the next morning when
Duke got up he found that Arthur had shelled corn out of his own crib and that he had
paid 25 cents for the shelling!
"My grandfather Spencer owned a good many negroes and raised a quantity of
tobacco which he pressed into large hogsheads and equipped the hogshead with tongue
or shafts. He then hitched a horse or horses to it and rolled it to Fayetteville to market.
"Jolly, an old Guinea negro said while grandfather's hogsheads were rolling they
would make a noise, 'boop-poop,-copety-boop.' (Today's Rock and Roll and 'jazz' are
direct decendants of early negro beats and syncopation such as the improvisation of Jolly
"When they camped at night they would bell their horses and turn them out and after
filling themselves, they would come to camp and lie down and rest. Jolly said after Jack
and Hard one night had gone to sleep the horses came back around the camp and lay
down. After awhile one horse thought he would roll over and wallow, so he rolled over on
Jack's head and buried it in the sand! These are some of the ways people used to do to
make a living.
"Grandfather used to own a little tub mill two miles down Little River from where he
lived. Hard was his miller and shoemaker. So they always fixed off Hard with better
rations for two days at a time, pie, etc. His rations were always prepared so he could
start in the morning before day. Well, Hard believed someone had been stealing his pie,
so he made himself a snug basket with half the top to open by a lid he had nicely fixed and
put a small steel trap in it and tied and fastened it so he could tell what was going with
his pie. One night he heard Jack holler out: 'Come here,' he says, 'what fool has done
this?' He was fast in the trap. Hard told him he thought the cats were taking his pie and
he would catch them.
FIRE DESTROYS HOMESTEAD
"At this time I was about twelve years of age." (During the period previously related
by young Alex, the combustion engine had just been patented, George Hoover was the
sheriff of Randolph County, John Owen was Governor, the U. S. saw its first locomotive,
friction matches had just been invented; but wouldn't be in general use in the south for
another ten years or more. Steel pens for writing were being fabricated but they
wouldn't be seen in Randolph for another 14 years.)
"My brother Goodman and I went to school about three miles nearly all winter. The
teacher's name was Randolph Brown. I had made good use of my time at school and had
memorized a speech for a recitation at the last day of school. The subject of my recitation
was "Thrifty and Unthrifty" found in the back part of a Webster spelling book.
"The day before the exhibition my good old mother had washed all our best clothes,
had dried them and brought them in the house, when the house caught fire. It was a large
house with three fireplaces, one of which was in the second story. My father not being at
home when the fire broke out, my poor mother told me to run for William Cox, a neighbor
living half a mile away. Being active I did run and thought many times I should lose my
breath before getting back. While returning I could see volumes of smoke rising in the air
and break off in great rolling bodies.
"On reaching the house I saw my father had returned and was leading my mother to a
cool place. With the assistance of the children she had carried beds, bed clothing,
wearing apparel and other household goods to the south yard. (A physically taxing and
dangerous task considering the fact that Mrs. Spencer was seven months pregnant. Eight
weeks later Alex's brother William was born.) A strong north wind was blowing and the
flames leaped down and as they could not get to them to move them as was expected, the
whole family was left with the clothes they were wearing. So I was disappointed in going
to the exhibition and saying my speech.
TRYING PERIOD AS HOUSEKEEPER
"I had a great trial to undergo now, I was a month or so over twelve years old and the
nursing and cooking fell to my lot. The neighbors came in and helped father build a
house. My mother went to bed and was an invalid for years. They took me in the house to
do the cooking and milk the cows, there being four cows to milk that summer."
"I did all the housework, knitting, sewing, and spinning, my mother lying on the bed
was ready to instruct me when needed.
"With all these losses and crosses, I was yet praying after my fashion. I watched for
my opportunity to pray, when I would find a large old log or clay root, I was sure to resort
there and get upon my knees. Such as this was the thoughts cherished in my day and
generation. The great struggle of my mind was whether we should live or not, for we all
knew that life was uncertain. I formed an idea that I might live a long time and I also felt
all through the days of my childhood and youth that I was rather odd and different from
others and there was something more than ordinary for me to do."
"I believed I should be a preacher, suffer or do something more than common. I did not
know or think what.
HAULED TIMBER FOR MT. MORI AH
"I was raised after the manner and style of all the children I knew in our vicinity. My
father lived between two mountains, three or four miles from any church members or
religious people; yet the neighbors were good moral citizens.
"It was four or five miles to the nearest meeting houses of different denominations -
Methodists, Friends, or Quakers and Christians. Later a Missionary Baptist church was
built within three miles of us. My father sent me with a pair of wheels, and two horses
and I hauled all the timber that made the house. The church was called Mount Moriah.
FIRST SUNDAY HAT AND SHOES
"Being about fourteen or fifteen years old, at times, as before I was still a praying boy,
not letting many opportunities pass. From about this time up to the age of seventeen, I
tried to be somebody like other boys who had better-to-do parents than I had, yet I never
had a Sunday hat or pair of shoes, but at the age of sixteen I got both. You better believe I
ASHEBORO IN YEAR 1834
"I remember very well how my hat was obtained. Brother and I had hunted at night
with dogs and caught coons enough, together with our rabbits skins to get a $3.00 or $3.50
hat. I well remember what took place. It was at Asheboro. A fine old man by the name of
Lineberry had hats to sell. In purchasing the hat I had to give him 25 cents in money. I
handed him a fifty cent piece and on receiving the change turned to leave."
"Before going ten steps with the money in my hand, I stopped to put it in my pocket and
noticed he had given me two quarters. Thinking this was as much as was given him, I
stood a few minutes before making out that too much change had been given me. I faced
about with the money in my hand and went back and asked him if he had not given me 25
cents too much. He took it with a pleasant smile and turning to a gentleman remarked
that he would venture that that boy would make an honest man. I believe that remark
influenced me all through the days of my youth.
"Subsequently I began to attend camp meetings and was a mourner at Mt. Olivet
church. I was a mourner, also, at Eleazer church. My brother Goodman went down to
Smyrnia camp meeting and professed religion, but I was not with him.
(During the period mentioned above the "De Witt Clinton" train made its first trip. The
first street railway in the U. S. was started. President Benjamin Harrison was born.
Andrew Jackson was censured. Mark Twain was a babe in arms.)
EDUCATION AT SEVENTEEN
"My mother's health had improved and I was mostly relieved from doing housework.
At the age of seventeen I went to school to Thomas Macon, known as one of the best
teachers in the country. I went four months and the distance was four miles. I went
mostly on horseback and my studies were Pike's arthmetic and English grammar which I
studied going to and from school and at night. I went through the arithmetic. Thirteen
months was the time spent in school. When done with it, my first speller was in good
condition and my first children used it in school and I have my first slate yet.
'I was now eighteen and our school had closed. The patrons wanted Macon to teach a
summer school. He said he could not do so, stating that I was as competent to teach as he
was and could teach the school. She he drew up articles of agreement and subscribed
two scholars himself and made up the school. By consent of my father, I went to teaching.
Being active and ambitious I tried to do my duty and through youn soon gained in the
estimation of the people. I was called to teach on Little River, six or seven miles away. I
drew articles and made up the school and taught till February.
MARRIED ONE OF HIS STUDENTS
"During that time I fell in love with a young lady student of mine. She was Polly
Presnell the daughter of John Presnell, a well-to-do farmer and we were married
February 26, 1837, she being seventeen while I was nineteen years of age." (Arkansas
had just become a state. The first cotton mill in Randolph County was being completed at
Cedar Falls, having been started in 1836. Michigan was entering the union, President
Grover Cleveland was born.)
"Her father settled us on a small tract of land on Little River. My wife's family were all
Methodists. My wife was good and smart. Our parents set us up to housekeeping, by my
father giving me a young mare."
(The second part of Randolph County pioneer Alexander Spencer's career is told today
in this fascinating discovery by Courier-Tribune columnist Henry King - detailing
transactions with a later Tar Heel governor Jonathan Worth, then an Asheboro
"In 1837 a man came from Indiana and persuaded us to agree to go back with him
where my wife's brother, Esau Presnell lived. He had become wealthy and we thought we
could soon. So we sold our land my father-in-law managed to get the money and I praise
and thank him yet for so doing, for we were so young and foolish. He was right, but I was
too independent to have the land he had given and left it, losing confidence in him. (But as
I said he was right.)
"I bought one hundred acres with my young mare and $50 and moved to it in the year
1839 or 1840. 1 think I had taught a three months school and made a crop also every year.
"My first child was born in June 1839 and my second child was born December 25,
1840, Christmas Day. I was doing well. Although my father-in-law and I were not on good
terms he thought a good deal of me and gave my wife a fine young mare.
NAMED DEPUTY SHERIFF
"Through my father-in-law and Noah Smitherman's influence I was appointed deputy
sheriff under Sheriff White of my county. I felt as much elated over this as when I got my
first Sunday hat and shoes. I served in 1841 and 1842, doing a large business. My wife
becoming dissatisfied for me to remain in office I resigned in 1842.
"I had a hired hand to make a crop, but he did not make as much as he ate while about
it. I traded, bought and sold and had four head of horses, two of which were mere colts.
By being too indulgent while in office I was compelled to pay one hundred dollars which I
had to borrow. The hard years of 1844 and 1845 came on and I had to sell a horse for
$15.00 and a mare for $20. for which I had been previously offered $55 and $50
respectively. Being in debt $300, I was broke."
(From Alex's marriage to this point in his life, we find that the second cotton mill to be
built in Randolph County was erected at Franklinville. Trinity College was founded.
Envelopes were just being "invented," matches were beginning to be used, John M.
Morehead was Governor, President William McKinley was born, Florida and Texas
became states, the Naval Academy was opened at Annapolis, and Island Ford Cotton Mill
"I made a sale of such things as I could do without and executed a deed of trust to
secure my sureties in the remainder of the debt. Now I was passing through the flint mill
with my nose to the grinding stone. I taught school, made shingles and farmed some every
GOOD FRIEND OF GOV. WORTH
"It seemed I could not get along without getting credit and was ashamed to ask it.
Going to Johnathan Worth, a merchant of Asheboro, he told me to come and trade all I
w T anted to as he would risk me. I traded with him until the debt amounted to $80.00. I had
500 acres of land which I entered in Montgomery County. Thinking I would secure Worth
with it I made him a deed of trust on the land and he took me upstairs in the store and
gave me a dram and we talked the matter over. He told me he thought there was no
danger of me being pushed - to go home and rest easy and if they done thus and so, to
come back and make him a deed of trust. I felt 'God bless this man.'
Well I paid him up as he expected me to do. I had a good deal to do with Worth before
he was Governor. He seemed like a father to me.
"J. M. Drake was another friend of mine in Asheboro. I run in debt with him $65. Noah
Smitherman knew I intended to pay the debt with pork, so he went to Drake and offered
to give him $50 for the debt, and Drake finally agreed to it. Smitherman put it off a day or
two and came over to see whether I would agree to it and offered to give me half the
At first I agreed to do so, but after he left me I remembered what a friend Drake had
been to me, so I went to Smitherman's only a mile away and told him not to buy the debt
as I intended to pay Drake every dollar of it. Smitherman told the incident to several in
DID NOT BELIEVE IN SLAVERY
"Well, the next occurrence of note was the negro girl. I sold my farm of 160 acres for
$200 to a man by the name of Hudson. He offered me a negro girl 6 or 7 years old for the
debt. I did not want to take her, but Noah Smitherman told me he would give $200 for her.
I offered to take $180 for her rather than have my hands stained with a negro. Her name
was Mary and she may be living yet for all I know. I went and got her and executed a
deed for the land and received a bill of sale for the negro.
"That night my wife cried nearly all night and I did not feel pleasant. The next morning
I went over to see my father-in-law and he took the negro and paid $200 on my debts. I
commenced to think I would get out of debt after awhile which was the greatest desire of
"I was now living on a tract of land my father-in-law had promised to give us. There
was plenty of shingle timber on it. Now it was make shingles, teach school and make a
"Why I was always so sensitive about the negro was because I always thought it
wrong to own and work them as slaves. My grandfather Spencer owned a good many
slaves and I expected some of them would reach me sometime and I studied what I should
do with them. I thought it was wrong to sell them or keep them as slaves. I need not to
have seen any trouble. They got to my father, but the civil war came on and freed them
and I thought it was right. Now you see why I had rather have $180 in money than $200 in
MADE SHINGLES FOR CEDAR FALLS BRIDGE
"I was still in debt a hundred dollars or so, but now I began to think I should get out
before a great while. All this happened I think about the year 1846. (The U. S. Declared
war with Mexico this year, Buffalo Bill was born, Iowa became a state.) Every year I
made shingles, taught school and made a little crop. I made sixteen thousand shingles for
the Normal College, Guilford County, N. C. I made twenty-nine thousand that covered the
Cedar Falls bridge which afterwards washed away. I made these shingles to pay a $50
debt they had bought on me.
"When I went to settle, James Marsh was their clerk and he charged me no interest
and I got a few bunches of cotton yarn over and above what I owed. In his settlement, I
saw him make a mistake of 28 cents in my favor. I did not correct him then, but before
reaching home my conscience lashed me to think they had been good to me in giving the
interest. Would I enjoy it? I did not enjoy the 28 cents and since that time I have never let
a mistake pass in my favor without correction.
"This took place in 46-7 or 48. I thank God I have a principle to not want anything only
"Well, what next? On the place my father-in-law was going to give us, I made 300
panels offence, dug a well and cleared some land. He took sick and died in October 1847.
I had no title to the land, but they allowed me $50 for improvements and I bought a
plantation from the heirs on Little River in the year 1848 and on this plantation I mostly
raised my family.
"In '49 and '50 I operated two distilleries. Making whiskey was against my will and
conscience and I could make no money retailing it at ten cents a quart. So I sold my farm
to Joel Asheworth for $300 and bought a farm for $100. I was now in debt about $100. I
cleared 26 acres of the land and made hundreds of panels of fence on it and in the year
'53, I think I had the best prospect for corn I ever had.
(From Alex's shingle making deals to this heavy corn 'prospect' we find great events
transpiring elsewhere: California and Wisconsin entered the Union. Salt Lake City was
founded, Randleman Cotton Mill (Union Factory) was established, President Polk died,
Gold was discovered in California, Columbia Cotton Mill was established in Ramseur. The
first U. S. postage stamp was used, N. Y. had a worlds fair, and America won its first
"It was thought by some that I would make 75 barrels of corn during this, the season of
53 but oh, dear, a hail fell on the first Monday in August, destroying everything I had
growing - only made three barrels. I had two cheap horses, thirteen head of cattle
including a yoke of oxen and four milk cows and twenty-six hogs and was in debt about
$100. In those days corn was worth about one dollar a bushel. As I was broke again the
question was, what was I to do? I saw no other way except to sell my stock. So I decided
to sell and go where corn was only 40 cents a bushel.
MOVED TO WILKES COUNTY
"I sold out and moved to Wilkes County. N. C. My wife was not satisfied to go and I
promised her if she could not be satisfied I would move back. I sold everything but what
we carried in a wagon with the family. I sowed my land in wheat. We traveled by way of
High Point, Winston-Salem and Pilot Mountain, crossing Mitchell and Fish Rivers. In
about seven days we reached the vicinity of Wells Knob, Wilkes County. About seven
miles before reaching our destination or the end of our journey, we saw a woman plowing
with a small, long-horned ox, the woman wearing a man's long jacket. My wife asked: Ts
this the country we are moving to'?"
"I would not have had her to have seen that for a shilling or more. The next thing we
saw was a dining table with only two legs. The legs being mortised and set in sills made a
BURNING OF STATESVILLE
"We had to camp out under our large tent cloth until we could get a house. While
tenting, we saw the light of the burning of Statesville, Iredell County. At last we got into a
house, as I remember the day before Christmas. I remember well my family were sitting
in the house Christmas day with nine bushels of flax seed in the middle of the room, while
hunting and shooting was going on all around us. But the day passed and soon the seed
was moved and we began to put up what furniture we had.
"Now we commenced to buy buckwheat and rye flour as well as corn meal. All this we
could procure from the little mills close by. It was ten miles to Elkin Factory mills. We
could get good flour there then. I moved into the house with the understanding that I
should move out on short notice. I tried to find a place to rent; could find land but no
house. I had only ten dollars left after laying in provisions for two months. I bought a
place, agreeing to pay $50 in two months and $100 in twelve months.
HAULED CORN TO RANDOLPH
"I arranged to leave my family for a month or two and taking my wagon and team and
one of my youngest sons went back to old Randolph County where I knew how to make
money. I decided to take a load of corn back with me and drove on about 30 miles and
camped at a man's house. The next morning took in my load of corn as I thought, I paid
my ten dollars and started on my journey. Of course I was in more or less trouble."
"While we were measuring the corn three or four persons were present helping and
much foolishness was carried on. Finally they said I had my measure and I drove until
some time in the afternnon, when all at once I realized I had only half my corn. I will not
try to describe my feelings. The corn was in the ear and measured in one-half bushel.
What should I do?
TOUGH TRAVELLING IN MUD
"While studying the matter I heard someone making shingles a hundred yards away.
Going to him, I told my condition. I did not know the man I got the corn from but he did
and advised me to turn around and go back at once if ever I expected to get the corn.
Taking him at his word, I went back and reached there in the night and got the remainder
of my corn. The next morning I started on again somewhat relieved but with a sad heart. I
soon found it was all my team could pull up the hills and a few miles from Winston,
"A man came along with a two horse team and pulled me up the hill. I stalled two or
three times and he helped me up every time. I fed his team all the corn they could eat and
felt glad we could go through the mud and bad roads.
TRAVELED PLANK ROAD
"Later in the evening this man wanted my little son to ride with him in his wagon. I did
not like the idea but had to yield owing to his neighborly kindness. Soon after I found the
man was drinking and was nearly drunk. More trouble again. Well, we soon reached the
plank road west of Winston and it was nearly dark, the road wet and slippery, and a long
hill to pull up before we could reach camping ground.
ALMOST SLEEPLESS NIGHT
"I was much afraid my son would let his wagon run off the lower side of the road. It
was not dark and while keeping my eyes on him, mine run off. I left mine and drove his up
the hill to camp and found him asleep. I roused him up and took his team down to my
wagon but could not move it. But six or eight of Mr. Fries negroes coming along, took hold
of it and set it back on the plank and I was glad one more time, but this did not last long. I
fed the team willingly of my corn for his kindly favors but by bedtime he was beastly
drunk. Lying around the fire he would throw his feet in the fire and someone would have
to pull them out."
"There were three or four wagons in camp and I had to sit up at night to watch my
man. But morning came at last, and he got up and we all ate breakfast, fed our teams and
left camp. I was glad to be separated from him.
BUSINESS IN RANDOLPH
"I was now in good spirits as we had the plank road all the way. When I got within one
mile of my old place I sold my wagon and corn and in a day or two sold a blind horse for
$20 and got $40 for my wife's interest in the dower lands of my father-in-law's estate. In a
few days I started back to the mountains, 110 miles, with $132. I took my mare back with
me and was four days making the trip, finding all well on reaching home.
COST OF LAND AND ANIMALS
"Now the next thing was to pay for my land. I held a bond for the title when paid for in
twelve months. I told the man I would pay him $100 if he would make me a title to the land
and would give him a deed of trust to secure payment of the $50 remaining due. He
refused to do so, but two of my friends volunteered to go on my $50 note and I paid $108
and got a deed. I had bought his growing rye and wheat. It was now go to work and I did
so in earnest. Plowing up the rye of three bushels sowing and wheat field together with
what I had cleaned up, I raised 100 bushels of corn."
"I sowed in wheat and made 80 bushels; cleaned up and opened land so the next year
made 100 bushels, the next 101, the next and last year 126 bushels. I must now go back to
making my first corn crop.
"I bought an ox, giving 15 dollars, five down and note for ten. Now we were running
two places and had my ground about broke. So I offered to sell my mare for $60. Levi
York wanted her on short time. I told him if he would bring my land note of $46 and ox
note for $10 he could have the mare. Now my land was paid for and I was out of debt and
ready to root pi or die.
FINANCING CORN IN OLD DAYS
"I bought a young unbroken steer for eight dollars and made my crop. Sometime in the
spring, corn being scarce raised in price from 40 to 60 cents a bushel, and as my money
was out I hardly knew what to do. My nearest neighbor, Marion McCain, had a
mill-house raising on Friday and I was talking with him about it. In a day or so an old
class leader, James Smith, came to see me and said that James McCain wanted to see me.
Upon seeing James McCain he said he would sign a note for as much as I'd like. I made a
note payable to Jack Banges for twelve dollars, and McCain countersigned it.
CHANGED CHURCH MEMBERSHIP
"Time passed and another year rolled around. There was a Methodist Episcopal
church called Grassy Fork in one mile of me, and we placed our membership there. We
brought our letters from Flag Springs, our mother church. I was Sabbath School teacher
and superintendent at the church until we moved back to Randolph. We stood fair in
church and society generally. All the preachers came to see us — Parker Moore and
others. Rev. Needham who lived nearly a hundred years was to see us.
PREACHER ATE ANTS
"One incident I well remember and shall never forget concerning Rev. Moore. We
intended to bring him home with us from meeting. We did not have much tableware but
had a nice honey flask full of honey sitting on the table. The preacher pulled out the
stopper and poured honey on his plate and was sopping away, and I poured on my plate,
when behold the honey was full of little red ants.
The Story of Esau L. Spencer and Family
(As told by his eldest daughter, Mrs. Minnie S. Stuart, to her youngest sister, Mrs. Conie
Alexander Spencer, my grandfather, married Polly Presnell. They were parents of the
following children: Corinda, Lousada, Esau, Jordan, Addison, Louzina, Delania and
My father was Esau, and I will tell of things I remember about our family life:
My father and mother (Susie Ann Trogdon) were married in December 1869. She was
the daughter of William Casson and Barbara Auman Trogdon. They settled on the Burna
Road, about four miles West of the old plank road. While living there my father taught a
school at the Cox School House. My aunt Susannah (who married my mother's brother J.
W., whom we called "Uncle Bud") told me that she went to school to him and that he
always took her in his lap when she recited her lessons.
I was born June 25, 1872. 1 do not remember very much about the first few years of my
childhood, but I must have been a "cry baby" until I was a big girl. The boys at school
would crook their fingers at me and I would cry like a baby. The teacher would tell the
boys not to do that. (The teacher was tired of hearing me cry].
GRANDFATHER TROGDON'S HOUSE
I remember visiting my grandfather Trogdon's home. There were two log
houses-one a kitchen and the other was used to sleep in. They were connected by two or
three logs which were level on top. We grandchildren were happy when we could walk
the logs; then we would learn to run on them. We had many falls. On our visits there we
would have to first pass the barn, then the cane mill, and then on to the kitchen. The well
was near the kitchen, and, believe it or not, we could dip water from it with a long
Grandma Trogdon most always saw us coming to visit them and would meet us. The
first thing we would do was to measure how much we had grown in height. We always
remembered just how high we reached the time before. "Granny" was a wonderful
person. She was not tall, and her grandchildren all wanted to grow as tall as she. I guess
that made us feel "grown." If it was summer time we generally stood over a smoke of
tobacco to kill the "seed" ticks. (I wonder where they are now--in this year of 1959).
My grandpap and the boys had fly traps which they made by splitting a stick and
inserting a piece of leather into the slot. Woe be it to the fly that lighted in reach of these!
In the main house there were three beds and a trundle bed. (That is a bed which was
slipped under a big one during day and pulled out for use at night). There was a front and
back porch, each of which had a bedroom on the end. The fireplace was very wide,
which was the style in those days.
Grandpap Trogdon and the boys made syrup, from cane, and I remember how good the
candy was that they made from the syrup. Grandpap was also a great fox hunter.
I remember when my mother and father were both sick (Brother Bertie, who was born
November 28, 1874, was a baby) my father and I went to Grandfather Trogdon's and my
mother and baby went to Grandfather Spencer's to stay until they were better. (No
in-law trouble there, I presume). My Grandfather Spencer was a neighborhood doctor
and a great believer in herbs. I remember "Granny" Trogdon cooking a plate of fried pies
for the people who were sitting up with my father one night, and she would not give me
any to eat. She perhaps knew they were too rich for my digestion. I recall my mother
coming to see my sick father, riding behind my grandfather on a horse, holding baby
Bertie on her lap as she occupied the side saddle. She cried when she left. It was a sad
time in their lives, I know, but they were soon back at home again. I remember going back
home-it was so cold!
GRANDFATHER SPENCER'S HOUSE
Grandpa Spencer's house was a long one, with a long porch planked up part of the
way. There were large willow trees, and several cedars in a row in the yard. (I often
wonder if that is why I have planted cedars in my yard). My cousins, Nettie, Lula,
Cora-Uncle Addison's daughters-and I, almost missed seeing Aunt Louzena and Frank
Lewallen married, as we were so busy playing under the cedars.
Grandma and Aunt "Mandy" were both very sick at the same time. I remember
Grandpa asking Grandmother if she knew where Aunt "Mandy" was. That was after she
had died, and it was not many days before Grandmother Spencer passed away.
Grandpa Spencer was a great gold miner. He would visit us and brother Bertie and I
delighted in going with him to hunt gold. As stated before, he was a sort of a doctor, using
native herbs, sassafras, and other things for medicine. In the history of his life he told of
many of the neighbors he administered to. He also taught school and made shoes. He was
deeply religious, and I firmly believe he loved others-one of our Great Commandments.
He did not leave much in wealth, but I feel sure he gained a home in Heaven. He, Uncle
Addison. Uncle Jordan, and my father, were charter members of New Hope M. P. church,
which has become one of the leading rural churches of this time. They first belonged to
Flag Springs M. P. church, also ranking among the best, but decided to build an edifice
nearer their home.
EARLY SCHOOL DAYS
My memory about my early school days was my going to Mountain School House, not
far from New Hope church. My mother's youngest sister, Hulda, and one of her brother's
also went. My uncle would carry me on his back, as I could not walk fast enough. My
father's sister, Amanda, taught the school. I soon learned to spell by heart, and one of my
greatest thrills was "turning down" a Lowdermilk girl on spelling the word CAT.
Another thing I remember is that this same girl could outrun me in a race to the spring.
My aunt held her one time, so I could get a start on her. I fell down just before I reached
the spring, and I carried the scar on my knee many years. I wonder if a Higher Power
was watching over me-for had I reached the spring I might have been killed, as it was
built of rocks. That was really the beginning of my school days. My Aunt Hulda (whom we
called "Aunt Sis") married Zebedee Hare. (She passed away in 1958, at the age of 96. I
was privileged to spend a few weeks with her prior to her death, and we talked over
many of these things which "I Remember.")
I remember going to school to Mrs. Jennie Hancock, mother of Randolph's well-known
and beloved person, Mrs. Minnie Hancock Hammer (Mrs. W. C). Mrs. Hammer and I are
the only living persons who went to school that session to her.
My next schooling was at the Cox school house. My first teacher there was from Holly
Springs, and it was customery for the teachers to "treat" the children to candy at the
close of school. My father had no candy in his store, so the teacher treated us to brown
sugar. Other teachers were G. E. and W. R. Lowdermilk, brothers, who had attended
Yadkin College. Nixon Lucas (now residing in Alabama) also taught there. Frank K. Yow
(who practiced optometry in Mineral Wells, Texas until his retirement a few years ago,
and who visited Why Not while in this State in October, 1,949), and the writer, are the
only ones now living who attended Cox school. Unfortunately that school house was
destroyed by fire during the school year and the last session was finished in a house
belonging to my "Uncle Bud" Trogdon.
BARREL MANUFACTURING AND MOVING TO WHY NOT
My father learned there was a demand for barrels in the sand hills where turpentine
was being manufactured from pine rosin, so he began to make them. He also began
buying sacks of coffee, sugar, etc., and re-selling it. There was not much work women
could do to make money in those days, but news got around that dried blackberries,
peaches, and apples would sell at Greensboro, N. C., so my father began hauling these
dried fruits there and returning with groceries. He soon was doing a good business.
Berries sold at 5 cents per pound, and many were hauled. A. L. Yow had a grocery store
nearby, so my father, and mother's brother, J. W. Trogdon ("Bud"), bought the store.
BUYING SHINGLES WAS ADDITIONAL BUSINESS
The two store owners then began buying shingles which were being made in Moore
County. By this time we had moved from the Burna Road to Why Not, (my present home).
Father and another brother-in-law, Edmund Tucker, exchanged farms. The shingle
business increased rapidly and soon required more help. Incidentally, I made my first
money counting shingles. I could count to 10, and was permitted to help count a load. A
two-horse load of shingles numbered 2,000.
My father traded at Odell's Store, in Greensboro, and I Well remember the pair of boots
they gave my brother Bertie. Once we were returning from school when he was wearng
the boots. He ventured too far into a muddy place, got mired up, and when I tried to
rescue him I got stuck in the mud also. We were almost home, but had to stay there until a
man came along in a wagon and helped us out. I do not remember his name, but his good
deed was never forgotten, as we were so glad to get out.
One of the most memorable purchases, to my mind, which father made on his trips,
was a 3-piece set of white glass-sugar bowl, cream pitcher and spoon holder. I have the
spoon holder yet, but regret the other pieces were broken.
It was in the year 1877 that we moved to Why Not. We lived in the "store house" until
our home could be built. The barrell business was kept up, and a shop was built on the
hill near the church spring (Fair Grove church). It was said that Alfred Richardson could
beat a tune while he was hammering on hoops. The staves for barrels were made from
oak trees, dressed by hand with a drawing knife, and four tin hoops were fastened
around each barrel. There were 6 or 8 people making barrels. About 1878 a store house
was also built at this location-near the church spring-and merchandise was moved into
it. Brother Clayton was born at the Burna Road home in 1877, and sister Hattie was born
in 1879, after our home at Why Not was built. I remember my mother planting walnut
trees in the fence corners, and I always look at those trees when I pass the old Burna
Road home place, and think of her. The house was a nice one for those days. I do not
remember who it was bought from, or whether my father built it. He had a store house
built, and I think this was about the year 1875.
TAN YARD STARTED
About 1878 the Smithermen, of Troy, built Columbia Factory, at Ramseur. On their
trips from Troy to their factory they would stop at father's store to rest their horses. In
talking with them my father got interested in putting up a cotton factory, and making
"factory checks." He planned to use steam to run the factory, and employed John Hall,
from near Star, to build it. The result was it was found to cost too much to run it by steam,
so he put in a tan yard. I well remember the water was carried from the church spring by
pine poles. A man was hired, who had an auger 10 feet long, to bore holes through the
pines. There were two large pools of clear water-I remember these so well as I fell into
one. There were also two lime vats where hides of cattle were soaked in lime. These vats
were approximately 5 feet long, 3 feet wide, and built up on sides and ends by planks so
as to hold water. After a certain period of time the hides were scraped of the hair and
lime and this was hauled out and spread upon land. (I believe this was the first lime to be
spread upon fields around here). The next step was to soak the hides in bark vats. Oak
bark was used in them. It was first ground in a large iron vessel-first by horses, then by
steam. In the spring farmers would skin the bark from oak trees which they planned to
cut down for "new ground", and haul the bark to my father's tan yard. I do not remember
the price he paid for it. Later a boiler and engine was purchased. The boiler was heated
by wood, and the remainder of the lumber was used to build a two-story building for a
wheat and corn mill, and a cotton gin.
"SIFTED" FLOUR MANUFACTURED
I think the first sifted flour manufactured was from this mill. I remember the strainer
was covered with silk. The wheat was ground downstairs and carried by belts upstairs
where it was removed to a large bowl and then sifted through silk. Before this time the
bran was left in the flour.
SHOES MADE FROM TANNED LEATHER
Wool was carded, cotton was ginned and shoes were made from the hides after they
were tanned. Wagons hauled some to Greensboro. Here I am reminded to make the
following statement: A few years ago the Courier-Tribune, a newspaper published in
Asheboro, N. C, carried an article which stated that Walker Shoe Company (a new
industry in that town), was "the first to make shoes in Randolph County." My memory is
that sometime in 1880 Wiley Vaughn came to Why Not and made shoes from the leather
tanned at my father's tan yard. The thing I remember so well about this was that a pair of
boots, made of calfskin, was for one of the young men around here, and likewise a nice
pair of shoes were made for a young lady.
STORE AND TURPENTINE STILL IN MOORE COUNTY
In 1885 my father put up a store and turpentine still in Moore County. A brother-in-law,
Henry Yow, who married mother's sister, Francena, was his partner in this. A post office
was established called "Spencer", which was later changed to "Spencerville, N. C," but
has long since been out of existence.
During these years brother Clayton was born February 13, 1877; sister Hattie May 2,
1879, and sister Conie August 13, 1887. (All members of our family have passed to the
Great Beyond at this writing, except my youngest sister, Conie, whom God helped me take
care of when she was left motherless at the age of 9 months, and myself-the "oldest and
youngest.") Father now owned the Edmund Tucker place, and the Cole place which
joined it. The Hundsucker land also joined the Cole land. Some of the families that lived in
these places were: Frank Lewallen and wife, who lived on the hill surrounding the
church spring, (which is a part of my present home farm); Wiley Vaughn, who lived near
the store-the basement of which can still be seen; and Buck Garner lived in the log house
which was built years before; while Mr. and Mrs. Joel Cagle lived in the Cole house. Mr.
and Mrs. George Yow lived on the Hunsucker place, which was a part of the land father
later sold to his brother, Jordan.
SADNESS COMES TO OUR HOME
Our mother passed away May 19, 1888, and was buried in the Why Not cemetery. She
left a nine month old daughter, Coney (or "Conie"). She was named after a "drummer",
as we called traveling salesmen in those days, who called at my father's store to sell
merchandise. His name was Sol N. Cone, whose family was founder of the Cone Cotton
Mills, of Greensboro. He gave the baby what we termed lavish gifts-among which was a
baby carriage with a parasol attached to it. The carriage was of wicker material. He also
gave her other presents and paid her tuition to Elon College after she finished the
requirements at Why Not Academy.
In 1889 our father married a widow, Mrs. Rosanna Cagle Cox. To this union a
daughter, Annie, was born February 25, 1890. After her graduation from Elon College,
she was married to Walter A. Bunch, of Asheboro. She passed away in August, 1916, and
rests beside her mother in Why Not cemetery.
LAND OWNERS IN THE IMMEDIATE AREA
My memory is that the following were land owners: Dennis Cox's brother lived, and
perhaps owned, where Elbert Sykes now lives. Smithermen owned the Hancock land,
now in possession of Lonnie Cole and wife. Noah Hancock owned the tract sold to
Harbard Hancock, (and this was between the Cox and Tucker lands-just a little way
from the Tucker land). Another Hancock lived somehwere in the area, as also did Vance
Spinks. Father's land extended to the woods.
THE CASSADY FARM PURCHASED
Prior to 1889 father bought several acres of land, on Fork Creek, from Rufus and Alice
Allred. I believe he bought the entire tract joining George Spencer's and the Macon
lands, not far from Sarah Ann Spencer's. The Cassady farm was included in this. My
father had to borrow money to pay for the farm. I remember his coming home with a sack
from which he emptied the contents on the floor. There were the most silver dollars I ever
seen. We children helped him stack the money in piles of $100 (I believe he borrowed the
money from cousin Houston Trogdon, as Houston told me several times that father had a
lot to do with his saving money).
LATER SCHOOL DAYS
After attending Cox school I entered Shiloh Academy, about the year 1888, at the age
of 16. 1 do not recall my first teacher's name, but Miss Myrice Herndon was the assistant.
Mr. John R. Miller was principal. I went there two or three years. My father and family
had, by this time, moved to the "Cassady Place," (now owned by my sister, Mrs. A. C.
Lowdermilk) where we lived two years. While living there Brothers Bertie, Clayton, and
sister Hattie, attended school at nearby New Center. I remember one teacher there was
Dennis J. Johnson. He later became a doctor and married my cousin, Cora Spencer.
POOR HEALTH CHANGES PLANS
(Father built a small house on the Cassady farm for "Shug" Davis and his bride, Emma
Spencer Davis, to live in. He had found "Shug" a hard worker and faithful in dealing with
his fellow man).
Father's health would not permit him to keep on with his business, but he was too
ambitious to stop work altogether. While I was teaching at Suggs Creek he had a heart
attack, and later, while working in the field during the summer he had a more serious
one. He made 1000 bushels of corn that summer, which gave the farm the name of being
one of the richest in that area. Brothers Bertie, Clayton and "Shug" Davis were his
helpers that summer. Finally, he decided to give up farming and move to Star (10 miles
away) and start in the store business again. That, too, was more than his strength would
allow, and he died before he could finish our home there. We lived in the house a few
months, but he passed away December 19, 1891, at the early age of 46 years, and his
body was returned to Why Not for burial. I have often wondered if an accident which
happened to my father caused his early death. When I was in school at Shiloh, and he
was on the way to get me, he drove into Richland Creek, which was passed fording. The
buggy and horse were washed down the stream. He managed to cut the horse loose from
the buggy, and was then able to go down the stream with the horse until he came to a
place he could get out. He was under this terrible strain for several hours.
GRANTS OF LAND TO HIS CHILDREN
Available records show that father paid as high as $50 in taxes one year-more than
anyone else in Richland Township. His brother Jordan was Administrator of his Estate.
He left each child a nice farm and some money. Brother Bertie went to Nashville, Tenn.
and took a business course. He never came back here to live, so he sold his place. Brother
Clayton, a mechanic, went to Alabama and sold his place also, as did Annie (half-sister);
but sisters Hattie, Conie and I retained our real estate and homes, to which additions
were built as our families grew.
Tanning Hides for Leather
According to old records, two hundred years ago Deep River in Eastern Randolph
County was a large, forceful body of water. Today, evidence of this can be found in many
places along the bank. It flows southeastward into the Cape Fear River, and finally into
the Atlantic Ocean at Wilmington.
As settlers took up the rich, fertile lands of the valley, many came inland in canoes and
flat bottomed boats, following the tributaries of the river. A canoe landing which was
probably first established by the Indians, had become by 1780, the base station of a ferry
operated by William Searcy and Company. This was operated by the John Waddle family
Deep River was also important in providing a means of getting the "cash crops" of tar,
turpentine, furs, lumber, and swine to market as fast as possible. The goods were floated
down the river on barges to Cross Creek (Fayetteville) to be stored there in warehouses
for distribution and sale.
The Uwharrie River on the western perimeter of this area empties into the Pee Dee
River, and although it was not as large as Deep River, it was sufficient for some travel.
The strong waters of this river supplied the power for many mills and saws which was
important to the growth of this area. In fact, one court entry in 1796 complained "the
dams on Urie were preventing the fish from traveling upwards".
The first roads were Indian Trails that were widened due to constant usage. The
Bobbie Grigg Historical Map shows four major roads in our area before 1800. One
entered the area at Searcy's ferry following Deep River northward and was called the
Salem Road. A second road which had branched off this road, entered the county
nearby, and ran up the middle of the county to fork near Ulah. The north fork went into
Guilford County and the Western fork which was called the Salisbury-Cross Creek Road,
lead into Rowan County. Another road, called the Moore Road, was situated on the West
side of the county and ran from Guilford to Anson Counties. The Burney Road was well
established by 1795; and the present road by this name uses the old road bed in some
There were small roads and "cross paths" linking most areas to the larger and more
traveled roads. Many of these later became our county roads. A law of 1764, summoned
all taxable males, ages sixteen to sixty, to work the roads a certain number of days each
year. One man was appointed "overseer" with neighbors working with him as hands.
New roads were laid out by county juries who expected them to be cleared of trees to a
width of twenty feet by these men.
William Farlow appointed Overseer of the old Moravian road from his home to the Flat
rock below Back Creek Mountain and all hands convient to work thereon agreeable to
John Presnell appointed a overseer of the old Moravian road from the Flat rock to
Salisbury road and all the hands agreeable to law
William Lewallen appointed overseer of the road from Hewerry (Uwharrie) to Little
River and all hands convient to work thereon according to law
Francis Dollarshide appointed overseer of the road from Little River to Southerlands
road and all hand convenient to work, etc.
William Wright appointed overseer of the road from Southerlands road down the
Cherraw road to Amon (Auman) on Montgomery County Line and all hands convenient to
John Needham appointed overseer of Southerlands road from the fork at the old
Moravian Road down to Cumberland (later this was Moore) County line and all the hands
convenient to work thereon
John Johnson appointed overseer of the road from Searsey's Ferry to Chatham County
line and all the hands etc.
Adam Anders (Andrews) appointed overseer of the road from Searsey's Ferry to
Cumberlain (later was Moore) County line and all hands....
Moore's road menteioned Jacob Lowthermilk appointed constable in Esq district -
Jeffre Beck lived in Erect area
Sept. 12, 1782: Ordered that the following persons lay off a road from the end of a new
road at Montgomery County line the nearest and best way into the Quaker road directing
to the old Trading road. Nathaniel Steed, Elisha Bowdrey, Joseph Moore, Samuel Lewis,
John Knight, James Cook, Edward Williams, David Lewis, William Cook, William Arnold,
Joseph Wade, Thomas Williams, William Lax
1833 - 1848
1 . Isaiah Hancock is appointed oversear of the road from the cross roads between Coles
and Williams to the usual place near Lowdermilk's old field. It is ordered that William
Cole, Spencer Reader, William Gallihorn, Anderson Needham, William Cox, Michael
Cole, Edward Williams, William Spencer, George Spencer, Fallon Craven, work on said
road as hands.
2. John Luck is appointed overseer of road from the creek at Joshua Cox to the cross
path between Cole's and William's. It is ordered that William Luck, Edmund Luck's hand,
Bartlet, Raford Cole, John Sprawls, Migah Cox, William Morris, Hansom Cox work on
said road as hands.
3. Martin Luther is appointed overseer of the road from Lassiter's Store to the county
line. It is ordered that George Luther, Abraham Luther, Richard Cranford, Elijah
Hardister, Gardner Shaw's hand, William Burney, Alfred Cranford, William Luther,
Nathan Overton, George Bryant work on said road as hands.
4. Marhn Hopkins is appointed overseer of the road from New Hope Meeting house to
the Montgomery County line. It is ordered that George Hewlin, Samuel Cranford, Wesley
Stafford, William Tottral, Allen Rogers, Merel Hall, John Hardister, John Hopkins, John
Millsap, Daniel Hill, Jesse Fry, Joseph Hopkins, Wesley Russell, Eli Davis, Davis Hicks,
Meajah Hill, Emerly Stafford, Leonard Tottral, Wesley Hardister, Elijah Russell, Wiley
Mason, Elisha Tottral, Thomas Griffin, Zebedee Russell, Richard Bell hand, and James
Hopkins work on said road as hands.
6. Eli Branson is appointed overseer of the road from the flat rock to the fork at Thomas
Hancock's. It is ordered that William Branson, Moses Hammond, Ezra Hammond, Jacob
Hancock, Shadrick Vuncanon, Jacob Vuncanon, John Williams, Jacob Cox, John Luther,
Myah O'Bryin work on said road as hands.
7. Robert L. Purvis is appointed overseer of the road from Wadell's Ferry to the
Chatham County line. It is ordered that Eli Lambert, James M. Purvis, Anderson Waldon,
William Carr, Thomas Thos Goletston 3 hand, John Waddle 1 hand, John A. Craven, Elijah
Wilson, Alson Wilson and Jerry Craven work on said road as hands.
8. William Macon is appointed overseer of the road from the bridge to Macon's old
place. It is ordered that Simon Cox, John Clark, Samuel Cox, Henry Jenkins hands,
Stephen Hinshaw, Thomas Macon, Riley Garner, John Holder, John Chandler, Naney
Whitts hands, Danel Forrison, Daniel Davis, Zimu Cox and Jeremiah Cox work on said
road as hands.
9. Michael Ashworth is appointed overseer of the road from Page's old place to the
county line. It is ordered that Peter King, Michael Smith, Johnson King, William Lucas,
Jack Lucas, Johnson Spencer hand, Herlly Dun, William Tucker, Nathan Spencer Willoby
Lucas, John King, John Cagle work on said road as hands.
10. Riley Garner is appointed overseer of the road from the sign post at Piarce's fence up
to the Fay. cross road at Macon"s old place. It is ordered that John Armsbach (?] hands,
Russell Suggs, Merrit Suggs, Reubin Pearce, Enoch Johnson, Charles Johnson work on
said road as hands.
11. James Brady is appointed overseer of the road from the Moffitt Mills on Brush Creek
to the Chatham County line. It is ordered that William Brown, George Yow, William
Brady, Aaron Raynes, James Neeham, Louis Brady, William S. Ward, Nilson Brady, John
Yow, Isaac Welch, William Walden, John Walden, William Brady, James Brady, Jr.,
Elizjah Needham and Andrew Yow work on said road as hands.
12. Joseph Vuncanon is appointed overseer of road from the cross way branch up to the
Fanny Dollarhide old place. It is ordered that Samuel Smitherman hands, Jesse King,
Randolf Presnell, James Latham, Fredrick King, George Auman, Solomon Latham Jr.,
Francis King, Joseph Vunccanon work on road as hands.
13. 1843 - Andreson Craven is appointed overseer of the road from Lowdermilk's old
place to the fork of the road. It is ordered that Stephen Richardson, William Spinks,
William Luck, Iassac Larrence, James Bird, John Richardson, Enoch Spinks, John Gatlin,
Jr., John Upton, Henry Gatlin, Nash Richardson, Pinkny Tucker, Alfred Larrence, Garrot
Spinks work on said road as hands.
14. Jesse Tucker is appointed overseer of the road from James Polk to the county line. It is
ordered that Michael Ashworth, William Lucas, Cummings King, Johnson Spencer's
hand, John Lucas of Ben, Leonard King, Christopher Bates, Francis King, William Wright,
John Lucas, Hervert Lucas, Robert Deen work on said road as hands.
15. John Right is appointed overseer of road from Temple Cranford's to Burney's Bridge
and it is ordered that Henry Cranford, Clavy Cranford, son, Thomas Crnaford, Seth
Cranford, Mahew Davis, Asbury Flordister, Henry Hill, Whitson Hill, Marston Hopkins,
Joseph Hopkins, John Riley, Silor Keerns of John, Abram Luther, Isa Laughtin, Cornelius
Laughten, Martin Luther, Warren Lewis, John Russell, Wiley Russell, Clark Russell, John
& Ira Sanders, Willie Hardister, Thomas Ledville, John Lassoter, Farley Lewis, Harmon
Andrews, Clayton Steed's hands, Ealvin Shaw, Elijah Hardistor, George Cooper, Stephen
Meed, Ehesley Cranford, Micajah Hill, Perdin Cranford and Jesse Hill work on said road
16. Harvey Presnell is appointed overseer of the road from Lassitor's Ford on the
Uharrie to the foot of the mountain east of Hammonds. It is ordered that Bener Lewis,
Ragsdale Bingham, Lewis Bingham, Isreal Luther, Sidney Luther ser., Hearris Johnson,
Richard Johnson, Pinkny Luther, Sidney C. Luther, Jr., Helra Luther, Charles Luther,
Jacob Luther, Edward Hill's negro, Caleor Lassiter, Wiley Lassiter's negros work on said
road as hands.
17. Edward Caviness is appointed overseer of the road from Caviness's barn to Reed
creek and it is ordered that John Green, Lewis Harlin, John Lewing, Alleggod Pope,
Nathan Cox, Tobias Hendricks, Emsley Craven, John W. Craven work on said as hands.
18. William Cassidy is appointed overseer of the road from the forks below Page's old
place to the county line and it is ordered that John Leach, Yewen Cole, Sidney Cole,
Hogan Hancock, Harbert Hancock, Aaron Freeman, Benjamin Cagle work on said road
19. Ira Sanders is appointed overseer of the road from Lassiter's store to the
Montgomery County line. It is ordered that Elijah Hardister, William Luther, Ezekiel
Overton, Leonard Cranford, Lindsay Burney, Thomas Bingham, Elijah Bingham, Willis
Luther, Greenberry Saunders, Orange Cranford, Jacob Luther, Jr., Jacob Luther, Sr.,
Martain Overton, John Geaslen, Gardner Shaw's hands, Clayton Steeds' hands Harmon
Andrew's hands work on said road as hands.
20. William Jones is appointed overseer of the road from Reed Creek to Whit's old place.
It is ordered that Isiah Lane, Zeno Curtiss, John Lane, John UYmble, Pleasant Frazier, D.
W. Frazier, Martain Turner, Cornelias McDaniel, Parson Alridge, Samuel Alridge,
Alexander Underwood, Zale McDaniel - 1 hand, William McCain hand, John Frazier,
Davis Hum, work on said road as hands. Also William Vestal.
21. Asbury Hardister is appointed overseer of the road from the branch near New Hope
Meeting House south direction to the Montgomery County line. It is ordered that Wiley
Hardister, Thomas Byms, Wiley Russell, John W. Stafford, Mathew Davis, Harris
Cranford, Whitson Hill, Richard Bell - 3 hands, Mathew - 1 hand, Mastin Hopkins, Sandy
Hopkins, Watson Davis, Calvin Stafford, Isham Hill, John Hill, Burtona Parnell, Abraham
Luther, Luther William Harris work on said road as hands.
22. Alfred Brower is appointed overseer of the road from Macon's old place to the
county line near Browers. It is ordered that Edmund Phillips, M. A. Suggs & hands, John
Maness, William Crisco, William Bray, Mason T. Brower, John Crisco, Sr., Christoper
Asbill's hands, Jackson Garner, Abner Griffin, Adam Garner, Noah Crisco, Barney
Crisco, William T. Brower, James J. Tomlinson's hands, Albert Phillips work on said road
23. John Lassitor is appointed overseer to cut out and open a new road as said by the
jurry to wit leaving the old road near the corner of Thomas Crowell's field thence onto
the ridge near the mouth of a hollow making in Hannaher's Creek in Jacob Lassitor's field
thence a little to the north unto a ford used on said creek along the road by straightening
it used to Jacob Lassiter's Sawmill unto near the corner of a field of Hiba Phelp's thence
along the said line to the old road. It is ordered that William Lassiter, Elisha Hancock,
Warren Lewis, Jesse Lewis, Samuel Lewis, Calvin Lassitor, Wiley Lassiter, John Newsom,
Lloyd Newsom, Winslow Thornbough, Lewis Bingham, Sa, Lassiter, Thomas Bingham,
Greenberry Bingham, Gardner Shaw hands work on said road as hands.
In 1879, the old colonial labor system was revived under which every able-bodied man
between the ages of 18 and 45 was required to put in one day of work each year in
maintaining public roads. Added to this was a taxation of public roads which provided
funds for the county to help maintain the roads, and especially to build bridges. It was
because of this levy that many of our covered bridges were built around 1890.
It was due to this available revenue that many of our covered bridges could be built.
These replaced fords and temporary structures which decayed and needed repairs
within a few years. The life span of a covered bridge was often 100 years or more.
Occasionally one was burned but the greater danger of these was the turbulence of high
One of the bridges near Erect, resting on 36" piers was washed a mile and a half down
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Deep River lodging on some partially submerged trees. It remained there after the water
subsided and the county commissioners asked bridge builders T. A. and J. C. Cox if they
could put it back. "We went down there and took it apart numbering each piece" said
Cox. "Some of the wooden pegs had swelled and we had to prize the timbers apart". The
bridge was replaced and remained until 1942. Other bridge builders of this area were
Will Dorsett and Hezial Andrews. J. J. Welch built the Pisgah bridge in 1911 for $40. This
was one of the last ones to be erected in the county. It is still standing as a reminder of
by-gone days but is not in use.
An average rate for building a covered bridge was $10 to $12 per running foot when
the builder furnished the timbers. Moffitt's was 120 feet long and cost 1,350. If the county
or the community contributed the materials the going rate was $2.50 per foot. Sometimes
volunteer labor cut this cost even lower as in the case at Pisgah. Since these bridges
were single lane passageways, they were removed when the county roads were being
improved during the forties.
Pisgah - fork of Little River, built in 1911 for $40 by J. J. Welch, still standing.
Seagrove - Little River, 2 miles southwest of Seagrove on Troy road, 105 feet long,
removed in 1948.
Burney - Uhwarrie, near Montgomery County line, 100 feet long, removed in 1945.
Lassiter - Uhwarrie, near Montgomery County line, 100 feet long, removed in 1945.
Brower - Fork Creek.
Bridge #192 - north of Cheeks, 209 feet long, built in 1904, removed in 1948
Moffitts - Richland Creek, 120 feet long, built in 1908 by T. A. and J. C. Cox, removed
1947, cost $1,350.
Bridge #214 - Batchelors Creek, 48 feet long, removed 1949.
Pickets - Richland Creek near Moffitts, 50 feet long, removed 1954.
Moffitts Mill Bridge - Near Erect
Pisgah Covered Bridge
The Plank Road
Even though its life span was only 15 years, the Plank Road, which passed through our
area, became the most noted of any. There were 84 plank roads chartered in North
Carolina during this time, but none were as long as the Fayetteville-Western which
extended 129 miles from Fayetteville to Salem, making it the longest in the world.
The Plank Road was built through this area in the fall of 1851 . Many local men worked,
grading and ditching, using their horses, wagons and slaves as helpers. The men
received 60 cents per day and those with a wagon and two horses received $2 a
day in wages. Some times they worked twelve hours a day. A crew of 15 men could lay
1000 feet a day at a cost of $2,000 per mile.
The foremen of the construction boarded with the local families for the convenience of
proximity to the project. Some of the families who boarded these men were Raford Cole,
the Hancocks, and the Presnells.
The road bed was prepared by clearing all trees and stumps for a width of 34 feet.
Next the earth was graded in a crowning shape to a width of 22 feet, and the center,
when completed, was raised at least 8" from the sides. Drainage ditches were then cut
on either side. The planks were laid upon four equally spaced stringer pieces, making the
road about ten feet wide. These stringers, 6" x 8" were hewn by hand at the rate of $3
per 1000 feet. There were no nails in the planks. River sand was spread over them
making a solid road with sure footing for the horses. The planks were about four inches
thick, of random widths, and made of heart pine. Saw mills, like the one run by the
Lassiters, were situated nearby to furnish lumber for the road.
After the road was completed in 1853, a wagon could travel from Salem to Fayetteville
in two weeks. Fair consisted of Vi cent for a man on horseback, 1 cent for a one-horse
wagon, and an additional cent for each extra horse to a team. In 1854, it was reported
that 20,000 wagons traveled this plank road with an income to the company of $27,000.
Toll houses, which cost a total of $375 to build, were situated near the Plank Road at
twelve mile intervals. The Toll House in the Seagrove area was located just east of the
present Highway 220 on the School House Road. It was operated by James Page and his
family: Martha Shamburger Page of Star, N. C, Titia, the eldest, who later married J. W.
Steed, Jane, who taught locally and who later married J. M. Hancock, Billy, Frank,
Judson, John W., who became a doctor, and Peter, who was later a manufacturer in
Asheboro. Mr. Page received a collectors salary of $8 per month.
The House was a two story structure with a sheltered port on the front of the house
that extended out to the Plank Road. Here the drivers would stop and ring a bell located
on a post, and one of the Page children would collect their money in exchange for a ticket
to the next toll house. If any of the travelers wished to stay the night, there were rooms on
the second floor of the house available for lodging.
The Plank Road was free from mud and considered to be an all weather road. It not
only helped the farmers and manufacturers get their products out to market, but it also
brought new people with different manners and customs through the area which allowed
the local people a tie to the rest of the world. At nightfall four or five wagoners would
often camp together, sharing news of their adventures along with music and corn likker.
One favorite stopover place in this area was at the intersection of the Fayetteville-Salem
and the Salisbury roads near the present community of Ulah.
Alexander Spencer, born 1818, at Fork Creek mentioned the plank road several times
in his biography. In one instance Spencer was returning home from Wilks County and
reported: "We soon reached the Plank Road near Winston and it was nearly dark; the
road was wet and slippery and there was a long hill to pull before we could reach a
camping ground. I was afraid my son would let his wagon run off the road. It was not
quite dark and while keeping my eyes on him, mine ran off. I left mine and drove his up
the hill to camp and found a man asleep. I roused him up and took his team down to my
wagon, but could not move it. A Mr. Fries came along with six or eight of his Negroes and
took hold of it and set it back on the plank road and I was glad one more time, but this did
not last long. I fed the team willingly of my load of corn for the kindly favor but by bed
time the man was beastly drunk, lying around the fire he would throw his feet in the fire
and someone would have to pull them out. There were four or five wagons in camp and I
had to sit up all night to watch the man. But morning came at last and he got up and we
all ate breakfast, fed our teams and left camp. I was glad to be separated from him. I was
now in good spirits as we had the Plank Road all the way home."
There was one hill in this area, just north of the present location of Pinewood Country
Club, which had no plank on it for it was very rocky and there was no way to imbed the
stringers. The hill was much steeper in those days than it is now. Long after the Plank
Road had been removed, this hill was a dread for wagoners and later for the motor cars
for it juggled and bumped everything out of the wagon. Potters, hauling their wares
across this would often lose several pieces in breakage. It is still referred to as "Jiggle
Hill" today even though ribbons of concrete have made it as smooth as the rest of the
The Civil War came and then the railroads were built offering cheaper rates, the Plank
Road began to lose money and was soon discarded. After the Plank Road died out in
popularity in 1865, the general conditions of all roads deteriorated. Perhaps the only
good point concerning roads during this time was that there were more people to help
work on them.
Road management was improved, but the mud was still there. Products, such as
lumber, pottery, barrels, and navel supplies, from this area were being hauled to Biscoe
or Asheboro to be shipped out on the train, and the loaded wagons kept the roads cut into
mire. Many times there were wagons pulling loads of lumber with the wheels hub deep in
mud. To move out of these ruts and give passage for another team was every drivers
It is told that Little John Chrisco would meet another team head-on, and being a burly
sort of fellow, would yell out quite loudly "if you don't move your wagon I'll do you like I
did the last one I met". At such vigorous threats as this the other wagoners reluctantly
moved over and John proceeded on his way. After moving out of the mud grooves with
much effort, one man cautiously asked "And what did you do to the other fellow?" John
was far down the road when he answered "Well, I just moved over and let him pass." It
became a common courteousy that if the wagon got stuck moving over, the other driver
would stop and help him get going again.
John Chrisco - Wagoneer
Astor King and William Buroughs - 1913
Richland Township Tax List 1902
Auman, J. J.
Casaday, Sarah C.
Tucker, W. H.
Ashworth, M. C.1.40
Davis, M. M.
Monroe, J. A.
Albright, I. N.
Miller. E. J.
Underwood, S. B.
Albright, R. L.
McNeil, E. E.
Asbill. J. M.
Voncannon, J. M.
Allred, S. R.
Deaton, J. C.
McCain, D. W.
Voncannon, M. C.
Dalkins, A. W.
McPherson, W. D.
Boon, J. W.
Fox, W. D.
Boon, W. G.
Futral, M. E.
North Cot, Wm.
Boon, W. W.
Wright, R. A.
Boling, R. B.
Owen, J. M.
Chavis, Menerva U
Garner, A. F.
Owen, J. C.
Cheek, J. H.
Bean, E. H.
Owen, C. U.
Parks. G. W.
Bean. E. H.
Garner, W. E.
Presnell, E. L
Garner. W. H.
Bean, A. L.
Presnell, C. C.
Bean, Henry Jr
Garrett, }. R.
Presnell, W. A.
Moffit, E. D.
Harper, J. M.
Presnell, S. W.
Harper, J. J.
Presnell, M. J.
Hammond, K. D.
Presnell, J. B.
Ledwell. M. F.
Bean, P. S.
Hancock, H. M.
Richardson, S. R.
Beck, B. T.
Hancock, J. 0.
Richardson, J. W.
Beck, E. R.
Smith. W. R.
Brown, R. H.
Hancock, I. F.
Simmons. J. T.
Brown, M. C.
Smith, J. M.
Trodgon, J. E.
Brower, J. M.
Trodgon, A. L.
Cole, J. M.
Williams, W. L.
Cole, U. G.
Spencer, F. R.
Cole, Sarah J.
King, W. E.
Williams, J. M
Cole, R. R.
Crisco, J. R.
Williams. W. F.
Crisco, D. D.
Crisco, J. C.
King, A. L.
Spencer, C. H.
Woodell, J. M.
Kenedy, W. M.
Kearns.B.F. & Yov>
Lawrence, 0. D.
Spinks, L. B.
Yow. Jas M.
Lowdermilk, M. C.
Sheffield, W. R.
Yow, Jno M.
Cox, F. T.
Leach, W. M.
Cagle, J. N.
Latham. J. C.
Cagle, E. F.
Kennon, J. A.
Brown, E. B. agt
Craven, W. A.
Murray, J. H.
There had been talk of building a railroad connecting Asheboro with Troy since 1889,
but it was not until the Page Family of Moore County looked things over in 1895, that it
became a reality. The Pages had been building railroads for several years. One of their
lines came from Aberdeen into Biscoe which had proven to be profitable. A line into
Asheboro would link them with High Point giving them a large boost in freight hauling.
Various people were contacted to raise the needed funds. When this was done, the
following charter was obtained in 1896 from the State of North Carolina;
ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION
THE ASHEBORO AND MONTGOMERY RAILROAD COMPANY.
ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, Made and entered into, this the 17th day of April, in the
year one thousand eight hundred and ninety six, under and by virtue of Chapter 49 of the
Code of North Carolina, by the following persons, to-wit:
Henry R. Clark,
Charles C. Page,
T. M. Benoy,
E. R. Burt,
B. D. Wilson,
C. E. Pleasants,
Jas. A. McKeithen,
J. W. Adams,
J. F. Allred,
Frank Page, Jr.,
Jas. A. Randall,
W. H. Thompson,
N. A. Pleasants,
N. S. Hunter,
J. R. Page,
F. A. Ordway,
D. J. McKeithen,
A. W. Burt,
N. A. McKeithen,
D. A. McDonald,
A. F. Page,
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Keyser, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Carthage, N. C.
Aberdeen, N. C.
Article 1. The persons named above, in consideration of the privileges to be conferred
upon them by virtue of Chapter 49 of the Code of North Carolina, here-by mutually
contract and agree to form a company for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and
operating a railroad for public use, in the conveyance of persons and property.
Article 2. The name of said company shall be The Asheboro and Montgomery Railroad
Company, and under that name and style, the said company and its successors and
assigns shall continue and have succession for ninety-nine years.
Article 3. The said company shall lay out, construct and equip, maintain and operate a
railroad for public use, in the conveyance of persons and property from the town of
Asheboro, in the County of Randolph, State of North Carolina, to the town of Troy, in the
adjoining County of Mongomery, State of North Carolina. The length of said road along
the proposed route as near as may be approximated, is Twenty-four (24) miles.
Article 4. The captical stock of said company shall be One Hundred and Twenty Five
Thousand Dollars, divided into shares of One Hundred Dollars each. The capital stock
shall be raised by donation or subscription, and it may be paid in money, labor, land
materials, bonds or other security, or in any other way that may be agreed upon by the
Company, and its subscribers.
Article 5. The affairs of the Company shall be managed by a board of six Directors,
whose term of office shall continue one year from and after their election, and until
others are chosen in their places.
Article 6. The names of said directors and their places of residence are as follows:
Name Place of residence
A. F. Pugh Aberdeen, N. C.
W. A. McKeithen Aberdeen, N. C.
Robt N.Page Aberdeen, N. C.
Henry A. Page Aberdeen, N. C.
Junnis R. Page Aberdeen, N. C.
Frank Page Aberdeen, N. C.
First Engineer on A & A
Railway [between Ashe-
boro and Aberdeen],
Tweet Hunter [seated]
and Line Foreman, Dave
When the route was surveyed, it was found that the terrain between Troy and
Asheboro was hilly and unsuitable for laying tracts. It was then decided to follow the
crest of the ridges between Why Not and Asheboro. So skillfully did the engineer, Mr.
Edwin G. Seagroves, conform to this terrain that grading only cost $500 a mile. The
charter was amended and now read "That the Aberdeen and West End Railroad
Company and the Asheboro and Montgomery Railroad Company when controlled,
operated and maintained under one and the same management shall be known by the
name and style of the Aberdeen and Asheboro Railway Company."
Land for the right-of-way was purchased in 1896 from the persons who lived between
Asheboro and the County Line. The following is the list of grantors to the Asheboro and
Montgomery R. R. Co. in 1896; all concern right-of-way, except the last one which
A. S. & Mary J. Williams
C. S. & Mary L. Saunders
M. R. & Anna Moffitt
W. R. & Nancy Cox
M. J. & P. A. Williams
Uriah & Mary E. Presnell
Calvin & Huldah Staley
J. H. & M. E. Redding
John W. Vuncannon
Elkanah & Wincey A. Graves
Lewis B. & Flora E. Parks
Henry & Francena Yow
Kelly & Elizabeth Lathram
W. C. & Elizabeth Hooker
John T. & V. E. Brittain
Silas & Dicy Presnell
J. M. Worth
William & Rebecca Asheworth
W. H. Jr. & Mary Moring
G. A. & Sophie E. Treherne (by atty)
Levi & Julia A. Tucker
William M. & Mary V. Coble
Alvins S. Hill
R. R. & Ellen R. Ross
C. J. & J. M. Clark
R. R. Ross et al
W. H. Jr. & Mary Moring
W. H. Jr. & Mary Moring
S. H. McAdden (1899) Easement.
Prison labor was used to build the tracks. It was said that at times there were as many
as 200 local people out to watch the work progress. Herb Steed told of coming from
Steeds Community with a wagon load of apples for the workers to share. Others carried
baskets of food. The prisoners had billfolds and other things they had made which they
sold to the people.
The supervisors boarded with various
families near the proposed route of the train.
When they arrived in this section, Mrs. Bertha
Richardson recalled that two brothers, Dave
and Alex Guess, boarded with her parents
Henry and Francena Yow. These two were
supervisors of laying the tracks. "Tweet"
Hunter, the engineer also boarded with the
Yows as did Edwin G. Seagroves, the civil
engineer. Others boarded with several families
including the Lewis Parks. Folks remember
Seagroves as a quiet, mannerly young man. He
sported frequently at Roella Park's house.
When work was completed in this area, he
moved into a community further down.
Edwin G. Seagroves
Work was begun in Asheboro moving south. As one section was completed, the train
was put on the track to haul equipment and materials. It was fall of 1896 when it arrived
near Yow's General Store among the throngs of well-wishers; "Tweet" Hunter was the
first engineer to escort the wood burning engine up the new tracks. This engine was
named "June" after Mr. Page's son, and it was number six. Although originally built for
burning wood, coal was used later on as fuel.
Depots were built at intervals along the line. The first depot was at Ulah, which was
built by Dennis Cox. A water tank was also built. Ulah Station took its name from the Post
Office which had been established in 1889, and which was named for M. R. Moffitt's
Why Not Community and Post Office were already established, but they were located
about one mile east of the second depot, so a new name had to be chosen for the depot
that was located near Henry Yow's residence and store. The Page family esteemed the
work of the civil engineer, Edwin Seagroves, so highly that they honored him by making
this depot his namesake. However, when the painter came to put the sign on the ends of
the building, he ran out of space on the board so he simply left the last "s" itom the
spelling of the name. The depot has been known as "Seagrove" since then.
The first depot, which was used only 9 years before burning, was said to have been
larger and somewhat nicer in construction than the new one. No one knew the cause of
the fire, but Will Yow recalls thinking it was started by the heater. A new building was
erected in 1905 down the road from the first one by Jefferson Auman who furnished the
lumber from his sawmill and built the station for $35. Later a waiting room and an office
were added onto the building and then it was painted the old red that has become a
symbol of all train stations.
The first station master was Thomas J. Ellis who also operated the first post office
located in the depot. Herb Garner and A. B. Lowdermilk served next, then Bill Bost was
there a short time. Ollie Parks served from 1918 to 1934. Next were R. R. Auman and F. C.
Richardson: Mrs. F. C. Richardson was the last person to serve as station master.
The appearance of the train every day was an exciting event. Community folks,
hearing the train coming, would drop their work and gather around the depot. For one
thing, the mail arrived with the train; and then, there were passengers to come in. New
faces always created a sensation, but the local residents who were returning brought
news of other areas. Most of the time they would also bring in newspapers from the
towns they had visited and read them out loud right in the station to everyones delight.
The train was a community project. The Pages made their money carrying freight, so
the people rode for free or for a token charge. Any place along the tracks that was
convenient for the passenger to wave a white handkerchief, was the place where the
train would stop, and the conductor would set down the little wooden step for the
passenger to board. People out picking berries often "caught" a ride to a place on down
the line where the picking was better; then later they would hop aboard again for the
return trip home.
Children living near the tracks would run out and wave to Mr. Hunter and Mr. Guess
who would usually throw out a sucker or a stick of gum for each of them. Gertie Lucas
Hancock was an invalid who lived close to the tracks, and the men would always give a
toot or a wave and sometimes they would stop and treat her to fresh fruit brought from
Sometimes groups would go to Asheboro to see the visiting circus, or to enjoy a day at
the health springs resort. Many folks from the Pinehurst area came up by train to visit
the pottery shops. All the local people loved the train and "we looked on it as ours" as
was expressed by Mrs. Bertha Richardson. Even today the mention of its sparks a vibrant
Engineer - Jack Williams [left]
and Conductor - E. H. Lewis
[center] receive last orders
from A^aeboro Agent Woodroe
Holt [right] Dec. 31, 1951.
Mayor Bobby Voncannon and
wife, Maxine, and Lions Club
President Beauford Greene
watch Bill Bell and Darrell
Voncannon place plaque in
Depot Site Marker - Oct. 5,
There was a bad curve just below Seagrove and the train would often jump the track,
sometimes turning over on the embankment. Everyone in the area would rush down,
taking their horses to pull it upright and set it going again. A bridge was built over the
low area where Dave Cornelison's pond is now located called Trussel Hill. There was not
a boy in the area who did not play on the bridge. It was later filled in and the tracks were
laid on the ground- much to the disappointment of the younger generation.
In 1912, the railroad was sold to the Norfolk and Southern, but in the minds and hearts
of the Seagrove people, the Page family were still honorary head of the company. Later
the Page boys went on to make history, each in his own way. W. H. Page became editor of
the New York Times, Ambassador to England and later wrote several books, Frank
became North Carolina's first State Highway Commissioner in the '20's. Robert N. Page
became affectionally known as Congressman "Bob". J. R. Page continued with the family
business, giving leadership to local peach growers, farmers and struggling businesses.
To all Seagrove friendships they still remained "homefolks".
The train served Seagrove until December 31, 1951 and the tracks removed in 1952.
The land reverted back to the original owners leaving the depot to Hubert and A. R.
Auman. For several years it was used as a storage building for the hardware. In 1968
when the First National Bank established an office here, it was decided to tear the depot
down. However, seniment was still strong with those who recalled "the good old days" so
it was moved one mile north of town beside Seagrove Pottery. Here it was restored
including the first Post Office boxes and the old pot-belly stove which had been saved by
0. W. Parks, depot agent. The old depot was opened again in 1969 housing the Potters
Henry Yow's Store
Henry Yow's store was already in operation when the depot was built becoming the
first merchant in Seagrove. This store was established about 1878 and remained until his
death in 1918. An old ledger indicates many activities which was typical of the general
stores at this date. Not only did he stock general shelf items and dry goods but he
purchased local goods such as shingles from Fletcher Auman and other local mills in
wagon load lots of 3000 to be hauled to distant points such as Mendenhall, furs from local
trappers were wagoned to Fayetteville, Leather from the tan yards were distributed
throughout the area. Staves were taken in on accounts at the rate of 80 cents per
hundred and passed on to local copper shops. Often an account was used to pay someone
for work or materials. Henrywould give the receiver money or trade merchandise and
put it on the "employers" account thus a double entry checking account was set up
similar to our own banks today.
Most of the buying in the store was done by barter. Ladies shopped for calico, sugar
and other essentials "by barter per wife" in exchange for eggs and other farm products.
Chickens equaled 10 cents each on trade, eggs - 9 cents per dozen, butter - 3 cents per
pound. Fruits in season brought 5 cents a pound and peas shelled $1.65 per bushel. A boy
whose heart's desire was a twenty cents knife caught 4 rabbits to trade on. Men carried
corn or wheat at the rate of $1.00 per bushel. Often he would "straighten up" his account
by hauling or working for Yow. A days work was valued at 35 cents so they were careful
to keep it in balance.
Henry Yow's Home - 1913
Mr. Yow employed a clerk, often one of the children, in the store who also did his
bookkeeping. He never had the opportunity for a formal' education and could not write,
but could figure in his head. Occasionally the clerk would be out and Henry would have
to enter a purchase on the books. He would draw a picture of the article sold then the
clerk could enter it later. Sometimes the picture was not erased.
It was told that one day Peter Bean came in to pay up. Henry had the clerk to total
what he owed and included a hoop of cheese. "Henry, I never got no hoop of cheese"
Peter explained. Mr. Yow assured him he had because there the picture was. Peter again
objected to the hoop of cheese but mentioned he had purchased a grinding stone. "Oh
yes" Henry recalled looking closer at the picture, "I forgot to put the hole in it."
Stocked items were bought carefully too. Seldom were there more than two items
purchased on any given day by the same customer. A trip to the store was a treasured
Prices ran as follows:
coffee 1 lb.
sugar 1 lb.
soda 1 lb.
kerosene 1 gal.
shot 1 lb.
powder 1 lb.
stone jug 5 gal.
paper 1 quire
calico worsted yd.
calico plain yd.
plow traces pr.
nail rod, lb.
tire iron, lb.
nails per bale
Other stores located in this area at the time the train came were William Harper,
established by 1877 at what became Quinine, J. W. Spencer and Andrew M. Yow at Fork
Creek. Yow also ran the mill there. Thomas B. Tysor and J. M. Yow at Erect. A sash &
Blind factory was operated by Nathaniel Cox here. E. C. Allred and son, Dempsey Auman
and W. H. Yow were listed in Branson's report being in the Why Not Area. At Ulah, M. R.
Moffitt and Uriah Presnell each had a grocery line. Turner Voncannon ran a shuttle
block plant at White House. At Pisgah, A. J. Cagle, J. C. Cornelison & Sons, J. W. Parks
and J. J. Lucas all were merchants, Lucas was also involved with a flour mill and a saw
Barrel and Wagon Shop
Henry built a barrel shop in 1883. It was located on the grounds where the hardware
store was later erected. Staves were reaved out at the shop by Greenberry Freeman,
George Parks, Tyson Boling, Robert King, and John Ashworth. These were built into
various sizes of barrels. Wes Richardson and Johnny Boone tightened the hoops around
the barrels. Wooden tubs and vats were also popular items made along with wooden
measures. A fifty gallon barrel sold for 50 cents in 1885 but by 1895 they were worth 90
cents. Many of these, according to Mrs. Laura Pegram, daughter of Greenberry Freeman
had fitted bottoms and tops with a bung in which could be added a spigot. Staves were
also made by local people at their homes and, as the ledger shows, were traded to Henry
for store items. He paid 80 cents per hundred.
A wagon and coach factory was installed connecting to the barrel shop. Most of the
wagons here were made for hauling logs and lumber, but also made were the homestead
wagons with beds which sold for $8. Family coaches with fringe dressing the tops were
made occasionally when there was an order for one. Dr. F. E. Asbury, the local physician
at Auman Hill had purchased one and also a buggy in 1894. Later Dr. D. J. Johnson had
his buggy repaired in this shop. Spokes for these wagon and buggy wheels were also
aquired by trade with local craftsmen as were the special hard wood blocks needed to
make the stout log wagons. This was later bought out by Wes Richardson and Johnny
Boone and moved to the present Post Office site. They continued to make and repair
wagons until about 1918.
Lumbering was the largest activity in these parts. Saw mills and planers had sufficient
timber and labor to supply the growing demands. Along w)fh the Lucas' at Pisgah were
Millis & Company, Harris Johnson at White House and Dennis Cox at Aconite. Allison
Bean and brother were at Erect along with Amos Hinshaw. Thomas Marley near his flour
mill. T. J. Allen at Kemps Mill along with his flour mill. Some of these saw mills were run
by water power along with the flour and corn mills. The saw would operate at night
since the same gears and water wheel were used for both. However, most saw mills at
this time had steam engines which were more convenient.
A Dresser plant had been established near the present Auman Street by J. M. Worth,
Essu Spencer and Jack Trodgon sometime before 1890. Spencer was well known for his
tannery and store just before this period. Trodgon was a house builder and Worth's
interests were in lumber. This was sold in 1901.
Not long after this Homer Cox and Will Robbins established a planner on the hill where
the post office is now located. Lumber was hauled away as fast as it could be cut. The
plant was sold to Arthur Ross who moved it across the road. Frank Auman, another giant
in the lumber industry, bought it in 1926 and updated the equipment at the present site.
Auman had several sawmills located throughout the area. The operation was continued
under his name until 1941 when he died. His son Howard ran the plant under Auman
Lumber Company for four years. In 1944 the business was sold. South Atlantic Lumber
Company bought one half interest. The other half was purchased by A. L. Ashburn Jr., S.
L. Neal, Tom Preston and Bill Blackwell. At this time the name was changed back to
Seagrove Lumber Company. A. L. Ashburn, Jr. was named President. Fire destroyed the
plant on November 22, 1949 but was completely rebuilt and in operation by February 1,
1950. Ashburn managed the plant until his death in 1967. Grady Scott who had joined the
office in 1935 under Frank Auman retired in 1975. Vernon King has served as President
In these modern days and times, the public usually has to wait for the state to
appropriate funds before a road can be built, but once upon a time that wasn't
In 1912 citizens of these parts banded together to pledge funds "to aid in the building of
a road from the Montgomery county line to Asheboro."
The petition bearing 116 names, pledges a total of $4,089.50, and reads:
"We the undersigned agree to pay to C. J. Cox, D. B. McCrary, on their order, the
amounts opposite our names to aid in the building of a road from the Montgomery county
line to Asheboro along or near the old Plant road, on a survey made under the direction
Road Building Machine
used in building
Highway 220 in 1927
Harper Store at Quinine
of Mr. Leonard Tufts; the same to be paid as needed and called for, the road to be
completed on or before January 18th, 1913.
"No part of any subscription is to be paid unless as much as thirty five hundred dollars
"This June 1st, 1912.
The signers of the subscription are listed below:
C. J. Cox, H. B. Hiatt, C. C. Cranford, W. D. Stedman and Son, J. S. Lewis, T. F. Cole, M.
L. Davis, Jas, H. Kivett, Will Skeen, W. J. Teague, W. F. Redding, Arthur Ross, W. A.
Underwood, J. T. Penn, A. W. Free, J. W. Allen, E. G. Morris, L. M. Fox, A. C. McAllister,
D. K. Lockhart, E. L. Auman, H. H. Kennedy, W. C. Hammond, T. C. Ward, Geo. T.
Murdock, Robert Burns, L. D. Birkhead, A. E. Burns, D. B. McCrary, Wm. C. Hammer, J.
A. Spence and Seth W. Laughlin.
Asheboro Gro. Co., T. H. Redding, O. R. Fox, J. O. Redding, Mrs. A. C. McAllister, J. V.
Hunter, A. A. Spencer, J. W. Birkhead, J. B. Webster, Laughlin Grocery Co., J. T.
Winslow, Williams and Presnell, A. F. Cagle, (Iola, N. C), American Motor Co.
(Greensboro), S. L. Hayworth, W. J. Scarboro, Wood and Moring, S. A. Cox (Pisgah, N.
C], W. F. Hughes, W. J. Presnell, G. W. Hilliard, C. Rush, C. L. Cranford, E. H. Morris, J.
A. York, J. A. Beaver, F. E. Byrd, N. P. Cox, J. H. Grossman, Hoover and McCain, H. E.
Moffitt, E. Moffitt, J. W. Neely, J. P. Phillips, R. R. Ross, J. E. Walker, J. B. Slack, J. A.
Monroe, J. A. King, J. A. Auman, and W. R. Graves.
A. C. Lowdermilk, A. R. Auman, J. R. Auman, O. D. Lawrence, J. D. Welch, J. A. Sikes, J.
W. Brower, S. W. Presnell, J. J. Welch, Calvin Chriscoe, J. C. Lowdermilk, M. A. Cagle, T.
W. Lawrence, R. J. Lawrence, C. E. Smart, J. P. Burroughs, C. McNeill, W. C. Garner, Dr.
D. J. Johnson, J. H. Spencer, M. C. Auman, D. R. Graves, J. W. King, A. B. Trogdon, W. T.
Macon, R. Cole, J. F. Garner, J. S. Hancock, G. F. Garner, J. S. Hancock, G. F. Garner, L. F.
Craven, W. J. Armfield, Jr., J. D. Ross, T. W. Johnson, Leo Barker, Star Meat Market, M.
C. Spoon, Jno. B. Humble, R. L. Paisley, P. H. Morris, Jno. M. Hammer, and C. B. Griffin.
This was the beginning of Highway 70. In 1912 there were no road system, the Plank
Road had long been abanded. Dave Cornelison was county commissioner at this time
serving two terms and was interested in helping folks get their produce, crossties and
timber into towns where market value was higher. This new state highway was the first
road in the county to be improved. It was built at $250 a mile for grading and graveling
with the funds for construction being derived from these contributions. Maggie Presnell
recalls that a spring was located in the middle of the road just below the present
cannery. It was covered with a shelter and wagons would stop beside it where horses
and drivers would refresh themselves. It was covered over during this construction.
The road ran through the gap of the mountain up past the present site of the Christian
Church, and branched off the Old Plank Road, coming through by the depot and making a
deep curve. Then it curved again near the present home of Ruth Cox Garner, going in by
the Lewis Park place, and on to Grave's Siding. There was a saw mill here operated by
Elkanah Graves, where the railroad had put in extra tracks so that lumber could be
loaded onto the cars which were picked up by the train. The road was not paved until
recently, but it was ditched and well graveled which was certainly an improvement over
the old roads. "It was a good road for its day", Boyd King recalled, "only it was so
crooked. It went by everyone's house".
Michfield was a mile north of Graves Siding. This was named for a man, Mitchel, who
was called Mitch by his friends. It was one of the largest cleared fields around, so for
years it was referred to as Mich's field, becoming over the years "Michfield".
The road turned and twisted into Midway, where Frank Cole ran a pottery and store
which was located halfway between Michfield and Dewey. Dewey's namesake was
Admiral Dewey who was a national hero during the late 1800's Dewey Auman was also
named after him.
These small communities were established near the unmanned stop stations the
railroad built. The freight was deposited inside, and the neighboring storekeeper kept the
key and looked after the goods. According to Ray Auman, who has lived in the vicinity
since 1919, Route 70 highway ran following the railway, on to Flag Springs, a place
known due to the abundance of flag flowers in the spring. From here, it went on near
Ulah, and crossing the present Hawthorne Drive, it came into the Asheboro area near the
present Oakhurst Baptist Church.
Town Of Seagrove
By 1913 there were several businesses and store places in the local area of the depot.
The barrel shop had slowed down due to prohibition but the wagon factory was still
strong. The roller mill was operating in the new building, the Dresser plant was
progressing, John and Wlmo Newsomes' blacksmith shop was still in operation where the
Post Office is now. Dave Cornelison and his brother George Henry had built their general
store just east of the depot in 1905. Harpers was still open as was Yows. Richard Boling
was clerking at Lola Trodgon & Co. located across the road from the roller mill. Jeff
Moore, Fred and Walter Lindley ran a small brick yard north of this. The school had just
opened and the new highway was being built, coming right through Main Street.
The village that had grown up around the depot felt the need of an organized council.
D. A. Cornelison and Frank Auman were appointed to go to Raleigh and have a town
AN ACT TO INCORPORATE THE TOWN OF SEAGROVE IN RANDOLPH COUNTY.
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact:
Section 1. That the town of Seagrove, in the county of Randolph, be and the same is
hereby incorporated under the name and style of "Seagrove," and that said town shall
be subject to all provisions contained in chapter seventy-three of the Revisal of one
thousand nine hundred and five, and all provisions of said chapter not inconsistent with
the provisions of this act are hereby made a part of it.
Section 2. That the corporate limits of said town shall be as follows, to wit:
Beginning at the depot of the Raleigh, Charlotte and Southern Railroad as center, and
running thence a straight line north for one mile and straight lines south, east and west
for one-half mile, and the corporate limits of said town shall be confined within the figur
formed by four lines running at right angles to said lines and extending each way till they
intersect each other, respectively.
Section 3. That the officers of said incorporation shall consist of a treasurer, mayor,
constable, and five commissioners; that until Tuesday after first Monday in May, one
thousand nine hundred and thirteen, D. A. Cornelison is appointed mayor of said town,
and G. H. Cornelison, Frank Auman, W. J. Moore, T. N. Slack and E. M. Brown are
Section 4. That there shall be an election for officers mentioned in this act on
Tuesday after the first Monday in May, one thousand nine hundred and thirteen, and
biennially thereafter, as now provided by law for elections in cities and towns in this
Section 5. That it shall be the duty of the officers herein named, within ten days
after the ratification of this act, to take proper oaths of office and enter upon the duties of
such officers; that said commissioners herein appointed shall, immediately after they
have qualified, appoint a constable and treasurer, who shall hold office until said
Section 6. That this act shall be in force from and after its ratification
Ratified this the 5th day of March, A. D. 1913.
;3 :■■ ,:
Left to right: , Ed McPherson, Richard Richardson in doorway, Willard Boone and
owner Lacy Richardson. ...in front of Richardson Store, Wes Richardson's blacksmith
shop located beside it, in the background J. B. Slack house can be seen.
Seagrove - 1935
First Town Tax List 1914
Auman, A. R.
Boling, W. E.
Boling. R. B.
Brower, C. W.
Boone, J. A.
Boone, W. W.
Coltrane, D. A.
Calicutt, A. S.
Cornelison, D. A.
Cornelison, G. H.
Cornelison, D. A. & G. H.
Holm, N. J.
King, }. M.
Lowdermilk, A. F.
Latham, W. J.
Moore, W. J.
McNeill, A. L.
McDonald, J. M.
McNeill, C. C.
Parks, 0. W.
Parks, L. B.
Richardson, J. W.
Thomas, E. N.
Seagrove Mill & Store Co.
Stutts, W. L.
Sikes, J. A.
Seagrove Lbr. Co.
Sikes, J. R.
Slack, J. B.
Vuncanon, J. A.
Williams, W. R.
Yow, W. E.
Yow, 0. M.
Welch, J. J.
Dave Cornelison, Jeff Welch, Garrett Leach and Pink Strider in front of Cornelison's
Store. Manley Jordon's Barber Shop is on the left.
Jeff D. Welch pictured in front of hardware (partner A. R. Auman not shown). Bail wire
in front and tobacco twine and cross-cut saw can be seen in window-1920.
AN ACT TO AMEND CHAPTER 270 OF THE PRIVATE LAWS OF 1913, RELATING TO
THE CORPORATED LIMITS OF THE TOWN OF SEAGROVE, RANDOLPH COUNTY.
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact:
Section 1. That chapter two hundred and seventy of the Private Laws of the General
Assembly of North Carolina of its session of one thousand nine hundred and thirteen be
and the same is hereby amended as follows, towit: Skrike out all of section two of said
chapter and substitute in lieu thereof the following towit:
"Section 2. That the corporate limits of said town shall be as follows, towit: Beginning
at a point 40 chains east of the depot at a stake; thence north 12 chains to a stake; thence
north 85 west 21 Vz chains to a stake; thence north 31 west 44 Vi chains to a stake; thence
west 2OV2 chains to a stake; thence 55 chains to the southwest corner of auction sale lots,
still south 40 chains to a stake; thence east about 60 chains to a stake south of the
beginning corner; thence north 40 chains to be beginning."
Section 2. That this act shall be in effect from and after its ratification. Ratified this
the 8th day of March, A. D. 1915.
J. S. Burton had purchased in 1911, from Ollie W. Parks, two small farms located
northwest of the depot. He divided these into lots and held an auction. L. J. Presnell, J. }.
Welch, Dr. D. J. Johnson, C. W. Brower and others purchased these. Homes were built
facing Parks and Yow Streets. Cornelison Street was boundry on the north side of this
property and the Troy Road was on the south.
Frank Auman built a store in the same location as the present Seagrove Grocery. Jack
Welch built one north of the Roller Mill. E. B. Cole and Jack Presnell opened a store above
the roller mill. Presnell had sold his store at Mitchfield to John M. Yow. Jason Freeman
ran a store near J. B. Slacks that specialized in cloth. The town was growing. In 1914 the
Cornelison General Store burned. Dave had been occupied in helping the town get
started and with road work as a county commissioner. George Henry felt that he had
neglected their business leaving most of the duties to him so instead of building back as
partners he built a new store north of the roller mill. Dave rebuilt at the orginal site.
In 1915 Eli Leach approached Henry Yow to sell the land southwest of his store but
Yow declined stating that he would sell that parcel of 40.3 acres which lay east of the
depot. Agreements were made and the Seagrove Development Company was organized
by C. M. Tysor, E. B. Leach, W. J. Armfield, Jr. and J. D. Ross. The land was divided into
blocks establishing Main, North and South Streets and East Avenue. Auman Avenue,
connecting with main and east was plotted but never developed. Ridge Road was already
established at this date as was the old Plank Road. The blocks were divided into lots of
about one half acre each, except for those nearest the depot which were 30' x 100'.
A prize of $15 was to be given on the day of the sale to the person hauling the most
people in on a wagon. Many local drivers competed. Elsie and Boyd King fitted their
wagon with a large hay frame and had four horses pulling it. Chains were run through
the middle to hold it erect and planks were put across to the outside where more people
could stand. Over 75 men, women and children packed themselves onto this wagon and
over the hill they went. Down near the sale the frame broke and the people tumbled out
hooting, hollering and being thankful that none were hurt "but we won the prize" Boyd
W. L. Stutts bought property from Worth Lumber Co. in 1901 which was located just
east of Seagrove on the old plank road. He opened a store, stocked factory made and
homemade coffins and shrouds. Little by little these became his specialty and he decided
to take training and become an undertaker. The first burial he performed in Randolph
County was June 28, 1914 when he buried the infant child of Jason and Zellar Brower
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1976 Map of Seagrove
1. Cora Henderson
3. Lawrence Needham [Chelsea]
4. Auburn Haut [Mary]
5. William Vernon Lethco
7. Ruth Garner
8. William Boroughs
9. Austin Walker [Jennie]
11. Chester Hall [Bessie]
12. Clay Davis [Barbara]
13. Lee Russell [Flo]
14. Michael Walker [Sandra]
15. Ricky Scarboro [Marlene]
16. Bertha Simmons
17. W. E. Hunt
18. Mamie Bumgarner
19. Raymond Brim [Vidica]
20. Marvin Owens [Cora]
21. Opal Willard
22. Shelton Graves [Thelma Ruth]
24. Ray McCaskill
25. Hal Boroughs [Coleen]
26. Edgar Combs [Martha]
27. Monroe Combs [Irene]
28. Rankin Richardson [Jennie Belle]
29. Keith Richardson
30. Lynn Auman [Tonnie]
31. Bertha Richardson
33. Gordon Milks
34. William R. Green [Betty]
36. Cecil Rouse
37. Edna Auman [son - Lacy]
38. W. P. Strider [Dora]
Charles Richardson [Vera]
Clyde King [Lucy]
Claude East [mother - Hattie]
Charles Cagle [Rebecca]
Rev. Ted Kirk [Kathy] [parsonage] 80.
Wendell Martindale [Louise]
A. R. Auman, Jr.
Leon Hundley [Cathy]
Don East [Peggy]
Howard Maness [Thada]
Cyrus Hundley [Delia]
Lloyd Callicutt [Nell]
Lexie Boone [Edna]
Boyd King [Janie]
David Brown [Sheila]
Gary Conklin [Ann]
Vester East [Hazel]
[a] Wiley Hoover (Clara]
[b] Anna Belle Bullins
Wade Harris [Evelyn]
Louise Richardson Bell
Amos Farlow [Asia]
Winburn Fry [Alma Lee]
W. C. Cox [Geneva]
Franklin Auman [Patricia]
Bobby Von cannon [Maxine]
Mrs. Leland Auman
John D. Leach [Mozelle]
[daughter - Betty]
Theodore Auman [Mattie]
Clinton Comer [Martha]
Robert Luther [Barbara]
Reid Hunt [Bonnie]
Johnny Allen [Alt a]
Larry Hunt [Judy]
Hoy! Auman [Anne]
Tracy Luck [Louella]
Hubert Auman [Sarah]
J. C. Reeder [Nancy]
Ray Hogan [sister - Fronie]
Roger King [Pat]
Bobby Duncan [Bessie]
Ben Chriscoe [Magalene]
Ivey Luck [Ruby]
Bill Thomas [Alma]
Rev. Charles Melvin [Lora Lynn]
Nettie Lucas [Clifford]
Arlon Cox [Louise]
Clement McCaskill [Ethel]
Jasper Johnson [Effie]
Sammy Wright [Wilma]
William Thompson [Lucille]
James Coleman [Mae]
Tommy Marsh [Joanne]
Raeford Wright [Rachel]
BUSINESSES - Dates Established and Present Proprietors
A. Simmon Floor Covering  Ralph Simmons
B. Seagrove Upholstery  W. E. Hunt
C. Seagrove Amoco  Jay Simpson
D. Davis Auto Sales  Arnold Davis
F. Modern Shell Station  Jack Reeves
G. Seagrove Motor Co.  W. C. & Lacy Auman
H. Mid State Plastics  Jack Lail, president
I. Dairy Breeze  Norma Jean and Doyle Auman
J. Econo Oil  Cecil Rouse
K. Post Office
L. Seagrove Lumber Co.  Vernon King, president
M. Carolina Tennis Tender  Wade Harris
N. 220 Exxon  Ricky Martinez
O. Red Lion Furniture  Colon Presnell
P. Seagrove Methodist Church
Q. Holly Hill Candle and Greenhouse  Richard Gillison
R. First National Bank of Asheboro  Stad Crutchfield, manager
S. Seagrove Barber Shop  Hal Boroughs
T. Seagrove Hardware  Hubert and A. R. Auman
U. Seagrove Grocery  Amos Farlow & Kenneth Callicutt
V. Little Village Dress Shop  W. C. and Geneva Cox
W. Modern Barber Shop  Jimmy Cagle
X. Realistic Beauty Shop  Helen Cagle
Y. Seagrove Oil Co.  Bobby Voncannon
Z. Luther Floor Covering  Robert Luther
AA. Seagrove Christian Church
TOWN OF SEAGROVE
SCALE: l" = 200'
AREA: sifcfc ACRES
He built a ware house just behind the Dave Cornelison store doing business from a
small office situated beside it. Later Stutts moved to the corner above the roller mill. Bill
Stutts served the community until his stroke in 1936.
Sometimes there was a coffin damaged in shipping or storage and Stutts would leave it
sitting outside the warehouse to be sent back on the train. One night a devilish group
spied the town drunk sleeping it off on the depot plat form. They carried the damaged
coffin over and deposited him inside. The next morning he woke up so frightened to find
himself in such a place that he decided to stay clear of his "joy juice" evermore!
Citizens decided to establish a hardware business in town. The original stock holders
were Frank Auman, W. J. Armfield, Charlie Tysor and J. D. Ross. Bricks were hauled
from the Elmer Rich brick yard in Grant township to the site by Wade Tysor. Willard
Brown and John Wright were the masons. Available tax records indicaie it was open
business in 1916.
Two years later Jeff Welch and Artemus Auman purchased the business. The Post
Office was housed in a front cover while Welch served from 1920 to 1923 when he died. It
was then that Auman became sole owner. The hardware has remained in the original
building and today is owned by the sons, Hubert and A. R. Auman Jr.
A siding on the railroad had been put in below the depot shortly after the hardware
was built. Crossties were purchased from local people who had hewed them from logs.
Excellent hardwoods producing these ties soon gave Seagrove the title of "Crosstie
Capitol of the World." Thousands were sent to distant places during the great railway
The Bank Of Seagrove
On March 10, 1920, a group of citizens met at the office of D. A. Cornelison for the
purpose of organizing a bank in Seagrove. Those present were Frank Auman, J. D.
Welch, E. B. Leach, C. M. Tyson, E. B. Cole, J. C. Walker, W. R. Williams, O. W. Parks, C.
C. Lemonds, J. J. Welch, C. E. King, M. F. Williams, L. J. Presnell, A. R. Auman, Jasper
Auman, W. L. Stutts, D. A. Cornelison, I. T. Brown, T. L. Helms, A. C. Harris, and W. J.
The group elected Frank Auman chairman and J. D. Welch secretary.
They decided on ten-thousand dollars as the amount of capital stock. Each person
present was asked to subscribe for a certain amount of this stock.
At the next meeting, on March 17th, Mr. A. C. Harris of Goldston outlined the working
of the banking business, and each person paid twenty-five percent of the stock for which
he had subscribed.
By March 25, 1920, the entire ten-thousand dollar capital stock had been raised.
The group was ready to elect officers and directors.
Mr. J. D. Welch was elected President and Mr. Frank Auman was elected
Vice-President. The directors were E. B. Leach, W. R. Williams, J. F. Garner, D. A.
Cornelison, J. D. Welch, Frank Auman and A. C. Harris.
It was decided that two committees would be needed - a loan committee and an
auditing committee. D. A. Cornelison, J. D. Welch and A. C. Harris made up the loan
committee. The auditing committee was composed of Frank Auman, E. B. Leach and W.
A. C. Harris was elected cashier at a salary of eighty-five dollars per month.
The bank was opened in a small back room of a furniture store owned by Frank
Auman, which also housed the Seagrove Post Office. After about one year, a brick
building which is still standing, was erected on the adjacent lot. This building and its
furnishings were insured for twenty-five hundred dollars.
In the bank's second year, officers and directors remained the same with one
exception; Frank Auman was elected President to replace Mr. Welch, who was no longer
Official seal of the bank (left). Bowl (center) reads "Compliments of Bank of Seagrove -
Seagrove, N. C. Start a Checking Account". Book bank (right) was given as personal
accounts were established.
W. P. Strider - 1921
Bank of Seagrove
a candidate. Mr. Auman remained President until the bank's closing in 1935. Mr. A. C.
Harris continued as cashier with a salary increase to one-hundred and ten dollars per
During the fifteen years of operation the bank had as clerk Miss Lillian King, Miss Leta
Auman and Mrs. A. C. Harris.
In 1922, the Commercial National Bank of High Point was considered safe, and was
approved by the board as a clearing-house bank.
On January 11, 1923, the shareholders of the Bank of Seagrove met for their regular
annual meeting and the following resolution of respect was approved and prepared by a
committee consisting of E. B. Leach, D. A. Cornelison, and A. C. Harris:
On December 5, 1922, God in His infinite wisdom called to His home the soul of J. D.
Mr. Welch was one of the stockholders and directors of this institution, and in every
way a favored friend of this institution.
He was always present at our directors' and annual stockholders' meetings, and was
ready to shoulder his share of responsibility.
No sketch of him could be written without mentioning his unfailing optimism. To him,
the way was always bright - his skies were rarely beclouded. He was an honorable,
energetic business - man, a splendid neighbor, a consistent Christian gentleman, and his
place was seldom vacant in any public gathering.
He always took an active part in the church work and was ever ready to do his part,
whether in the choir, where his service found greatest delight, or any task which might
fall to his lot.
Therefore be it resolved:
First: That we feel deeply the loss of our dear friend and co-worker but that we thank
God for his usefulness and Christian influence while living among us.
Second: That we extend to his wife and near relatives our deepest sympathy and
commend them to Him whose grace can sustain us through all our trials.
Third: That these resolutions be upon the minutes of the annual meeting of the
stockholders of the Bank of Seagrove and a copy be sent to the bereaved Mrs. Welch.
Committee - D. A. Cornelison, E. B. Leach, A. C. Harris.
By the end of 1924, the bank was able to show a profit of nine-hundred ninety-eight
dollars, and twelve cents. It was decided that the profit should be utilized for operation.
Throughout the latter half of the 1920's, the minutes of the directors' meeting show
there was a continuous urge to decrease the indebtedness to the bank, indicating that the
directors were carefully watching the financial stability of their institution. It has been
reported, on notes throughout the duration of the operation, that the bank never lost a
The same can be said about losses from robbery. A story is told that the Seagrove Bank
was robbed once. ..almost. Back in the summer of 1932, Mr. Harris was having a routine
day minding the bank, when a man walked in and asked for change for a twenty-dollar
bill. After getting the change, Mr. Harris looked up and into the barrel of a 38. He was
told to raise his hands and back up. He obeyed immediately, backing to an open window,
he went. Now whether the flip was intentional or not is sheer speculation - one story is
told that he jumped out, and another that he was so frightened he fell out. But all agree
that once out the window, Mr. Harris began to call "Get the robber, get the robber!"
Startled, the robber fled to an accompanist and a waiting car and sped away.
Sheriff Carl King was called and he took off in hot pursuit. The robber proceeded to
throw tacks on the road, puncturing the tires of the sheriff's car, as well as the tires of
many other cars. Thus, the sheriff's pursuit was ended.
Later, one of the would be robbers was caught and charged, but was never brought to
On December 29, 1933, the directors of the Bank of Seagrove met, and after due
consideration, decided that it was in the best interest of all to liquidate the bank.
Having been given the authority to handle the liquidation by Gurney P. Hood, state
commissioner of banks, they proceeded by calling a meeting of stockholders on January
11, 1934. At this meeting, the following resolution was put to a vote:
Resolved, That it is advisable and for the best interest of the Bank, its stockholders,
depositors, and other creditors and the public in general, as well, that The Bank of
Seagrove go into voluntary liquidation, surrender its charter and franchise as a
corporation of this State, and be closed, pursuant to the Statutes in such cases made and
Resolved Further, That this Bank do in fact dissolve, go into voluntary liquidation,
surrender its charter and franchise as a corporation of this State, and be closed, and
that the directors and officers of the Bank be and they are hereby authorized,
empowered and directed to take any and all such action as may be necessary or proper
to carry the above proposals promptly and fully into effect, and
Resolved Further, That a certified copy of all proceedings of this meeting, verified by
the oath of the President and Cashier of the Bank of Seagrove, shall be transmitted to the
Commissioner of Banks for his approval, pursuant to the Statutes in such cases made and
Number of shares voted in favor of said resolution 180
Number of shares voted against said resolution
Number of shares represented at the meeting 180
Number of shares issued and outstanding 200
All depositers were paid one-hundred percent early in 1934.
On October 27, 1934, the Bank building and fixtures were offered for sale at public
auction. Mr. A. R. Auman placed the high bid of twelve-hundred seventy-five dollars.
This bid was accepted on November 7, 1934.
By the end of May 1935, all debts were paid and all notes, judgements and interest
collected. The total amount after all receipts and disbursements being twenty-four
hundred fifty-five dollars, and twenty-one cents, making the two hundred out-standing
shares of stock valued at twelve dollars, twenty-seven and one half cents per share.
The cashier, Mr. A. C. Harris was authorized to pay the share holders upon receipt of
their stock certificates. Thus ended the Bank of Seagrove. „ ^ «.
Automobiles had replaced many of the buggies. Eli Leach and son Garrett were
already operating their auto repair shop below Cornelison's store. In 1920 they built one
on the site of the Village Dress Shop. Walter Auman began working for them and about
1926 established his own garage. It was located in the old Will Tucker store. Part of the
mill building was still there at that time. Later he moved across the road where it
remained until 1955, then the old Joe Comer building housed the work. Sons W. C. Jr. and
Lacy Auman worked with their father. In 1960 a modern building was built on the south
side of their home, which is operated today by the sons.
Walter Auman was an excellent mechanic receiving his share of the local trade.
However, he may be remembered by his wit and practical jokes. Most of the young men
hung around Walter, facinated by his skill. He especially liked to pull something on
Dewitt King or Shelton Graves. One day they were planting Dewitt's garden and Walter
offered to help. He encouraged them to plant lots of pumpkins. "Boys you can really use
these this fall" he declared. Walter gave them seed which he said was a new variety. All
summer they worked the garden watching for the pumpkins and dollar signs. That fall
they were surprised to find their pumpkins were citrous with no market value.
Luke Bean, Walter C. Auman and Joseph Comer in front of Auman's Garage 1924.
Building on side was used for recharging batteries. This was formally Boling and Tucker
Store with the Vaughn Shoe Repair in side building.
Back when cars were beginning to become popular, Temos Kennedy bought one. The
motor soon began making a funny noise so not being familiar with these new machines,
he took it to Walter. Walter informed him the motor was missing meaning that it wasn't
running smooth. "I do declare," Temos exclaimed "thought something dropped out back
up the road."
License plates cost $5 in the early twenties and gasoline was 15 cents a gallon. There
was no driver education classes that came with the purchase so the happy owners had to
learn to handle their vehicles any way they could. A. C. Harris bought a Ford from Earl
Vestel who told him how to operate the leavers. He was out practicing in the shady yard
when Mrs. Harris indicated with motions that supper was ready and to move the leaver
so it would stop. "How can I find the right one" he yelled "when I'm busy dodging these
Jonah Lucks found the simple solution to stop it. Earl Vestal told that when he was
learning, Lucas would simply run into a haystack.
The town was also learning to "drive". The new school - (the second one of Seagrove)
had just opened, and was fast becoming crowded. A cemetery was established by
purchasing two acres of land from Frank and Mattie Auman for $300. This is still in effect
and located behind the Christian Church.
The new school had just opened in the fall of 1920, and the classrooms were soon filled.
Plans were made for another one which was finished in 1926.
S. G. Richardson, who had recently acquired the Roller Mills installed a cotton gin in
1925. Boyd King, Claude Walker and Dave Cornelison had set up a brick yard below Eli
Leach's place. Among other orders, they made the bricks for the new school.
Sometime after 1890 Will H. Tucker traded for the machinery of E. L. Spencer's flour
mill. He moved it to a building located near the north corner of where King Avenue and
Highway 220 is now. He also had a store facing south since the highway was not yet built.
King Avenue was at that time a very small road leading to the mill. Tucker ran this with
Curtis Brower as miller until he sold out to Russell Williams.
Then the second roller mill, the one we remember so well today was built in 1915 by
Russell Williams. Later new equipment was purchased. He ran the mill with Curtis
Brower until 1920 when the property was sold to Brower. S. G. Richardson purchased it
in 1925 and Jesse Page was the miller. Richardson's son, Charles began operating it in
1945 using it for grinding feed. Then Edith and Wade Paschell used the mill in connection
with their hatchery. They moved out and in 1955 the old mill burned down.
The Seagrove Lions Club received their charter May 1, 1946. Meeting at the Methodist
Church they designated each first and third Thursday, 6:30 o'clock as the official date of
assembly. Charter members were A. R. Auman Jr., Hubert Auman, A. L. Ashburn Jr.
James W. Bryant, Amos Farlow, Philmore Graves, Wade Harris, Lonnie King, Ivey Luck,
Truman Parker, Foster Richardson, S. G. Richardson, Clyde Russell, Grady Scott, W. W.
Thomas, Willie Graves, Robert Macon, Noah Williams, C. M. Stickland, Edgar Stevens,
Ben Owen, Howard Kennedy, and S. B. Ferree. S. G. Richard was installed as the first
president and A. R. Auman Jr. as the first secretary and treasure.
Throughout the years Seagrove Lions Club have maintained their creed of the
National Club. They also have held various projects to provide funds for community such
as flooring the gym floor and establishing street markers, building the scout hut and
sponsoring Scout Organizations. Current officers are President, Wade Harris, Secretary,
Birchel Hancock, and Treasure Grady Scott. Today there are 15 Lion members who are
besides the officers, A. R. Auman Jr., Hubert Auman, Walter Auman, Amos Farlow,
Beauford Greene, Kenneth Callicutt, Wayne Thomas, Thomas Lawrence, Monroe Combs,
Bobby Voncannon, and Lonnie King.
Since 1913 there has been formed here a Masonic, a Junior Order of United American
Mechanics, a Woodman of the World organization, and Home Demonstration
Club. No information of their minutes are available.
A Girl Scouts of America Troop was organized in 1943 by Rosa Lee Auman. This group
met for over a year. Then in 1954 Sarah Auman revived the charter and gave about ten
years of leadership. In 1965 Mrs. Robert Varner and Mrs. Frank Lamb continued with the
group for three years. At this time Virginia King headed the Cadets, a senior group of this
Boy Scouts were active by 1948 with Elbert King as Scoutmaster. In 1960 J. D. Williams
reorganized the unit which has continued as troop 513. Lawrence Needham and Kenneth
Callicutt were leaders later. Biill Lemonds has served as Scoutmaster for the past seven
years. Present members include Dean Hayes, Jammy Hayes, Gene King, and Jeff
Kirk. In the Exployers Post are Mike Cavaletto, Mark Hunt, Mark McCrae, Eddie
Voncannon and Rogon Walker.
A Cub division of the Boy Scout's for boys ages 8-11 was established in 1959. Robert
Copple was Cub Master for six years. Keith Richardson served two as did Frank Lamb.
Recently a new cub troop was again established with leadership of Raeford Brown at the
Flag Springs Church. A local Den is held by Kathy Kirk and Linda Reeder.
4-H has been a vital part of youth development in the Seagrove Community since 1962.
The Seagrove Community 4-H Club was organized under the leadership of Mr. and Mrs.
Birchel Hancock. It is a Youth organization which serves all the youths in the United
States. Its programs serve local commmunities, states and through exchange programs, it
encompasses much of the world.
The Seagrove Community can be proud of its 4-H'ers who have won many local and
national honors since the organization of the club in 1962. 4-H'ers continue to strive
always "To make the best better".
The idea of an all volunteer fire department was first discussed at a town board
meeting in September 1956. It was thought necessary because although the community
had grown it was still unable to be covered by a municipal. This was the only fire
department in the county formed at that time whose existence depended entirely upon
Early in February 1957, approximately thirty five persons signed a certificate of
incorporation for the founding of this department. This certificate was sent to the
Secretary of State for approval. In March it was returned and the following directors
were named: President, A. L. Ashburn; Vice-President. Paul Auman; secretary, A. R.
Auman; treasure, A. E. Garner. Other original incorporators were: W. C. Auman, June
Farlow, Harwood Graves, Ray Caudill, and J. D. King, Treece Voncannon, Ottie Graves,
Bobby Voncannon, Walter Auman, Ottis Graves, W. W. Thomas, Grady Scott, Boyd King,
Lester Southern, Ray Hogan, Wade Harris, C. E. King, Ernest Spencer, J. R. Barker, Amos
Farlow, W. E. Tucker, Vernon King, J. L. Lawrence, Dennie Maness, Wilbur Eaton and
The new department began with a fund raising campaign as its first official action with
$10,000 being the desired goal. They organized a house to house and store to store drive
contacting every individual in Seagrove area. Probably the most successful form of
raising the money were the fish fries the firemen sponcered. These not only provided
necessary funds for the endeavor, but kept interest growing over the long months of
securing equipment. These suppers also became enjoyable socials for the entire
In July 1957, a committee was appointed to inspect various types of fire engines in this
general area. After much consideration it was decided that the truck devoid of
accessories would be purchased from Vestal Motor Company but the ladder, hose, fire
extinguishers and a 500 gallon tank would be purchased from the W. S. Darley Company
of Chicago, manufactures of fire fighting equipment.
Saturday, June 21, 1958, the new red fire truck fully equiped rolled into town with a
price tag of $9,800. The truck was equipped with one 24 inch ladder, one 18 inch ladder
each 18 feet long, 400 feet of hose, four Indian fire extinguishers and a 500 gallon
per minute Darley 3 stage pumper booster tank. The truck had been paid for at the time
of purchase and one fourth of the cost of the equipment was paid during the following
year and the balance paid during the next three years. This first payment was made with
voluntary contributions which had been collected during the year prior to the purchase
of the truck. It was for the yearly payment on the equipment that the various fund drives
Soon after the delivery of the new truck a representative of the W. S. Darley Company
of Chicago came to Seagrove to brief the firemen on the use of the equipment. They held
frequent training sessions to familiarize the firemen with the new equipment.
The arrival of the fire tuck proved to be quite an attraction in the community. Most
of the youngsters and erownuDS alike made a point of stopping by at Auman's Store
where the fire truck was temporarily being housed. That winter the truck was moved to
Ray Caudill's Service Station about three and one half miles north of Seagrove on 220 so
that it would be housed in a heated building to keep the pumps from freezing.
A house for the new truck was needed. The solution to this began with the donation of
land by Seagrove Lumber Co. The 60 x 90 ft. lot is located on the northeast corner of 705
and 220 intersection which was part of the old cross tie yard of the lumber company.
In early January 1959 construction was begun on a fire station. It was built entirely
from volunteer labor of the community. Ottis Graves and James Cagle acted as foreman.
The fire station provides space for three vehicles in the front of the one story block
building, with space for a kitchen and storage in the back. The interior was completed at
a later date. The fire siren and telephone was installed first at Len Auman Store where
there was someone on duty 24 hours a day. After the station was completed the siren was
moved to the station and the telephone was installed at Seagrove Grocery and Amos
Farlow's home. A large tanker was donated to the fire Department in 1968 by Bobby
The first of the Volunteer Firemen were; Chief, Ray Hogan; Assistant Chief, Dennie
Maness and Birchel Hancock, Walter Auman, Clyde Bumgarner, Jack McKensie and
Wilbur Eaton. Robert Hunt, Bill Thomas, Lawrence Yow, Coy Hunt, Forrest McNeil,
Bobby Voncannon and Cecil Leach. Each fireman furnished his own uniform. Within the
first year of service it was estimated they had saved $30,000 worth of local properties.
Shortly after the Volunteer Fire Department had been established, Pugh Funeral Home
in Asheboro gave them a used ambulance and the idea of forming a Rescur Squad
originated. Fireman Elbert King was designated as Captain and other members serves as
assistants. King was First Aid Instructor for the Randolph Randolph County Chapter of
the American Red Cross and in this capacity gave training to all the other members of the
Squad unit. This unit was equipped to render service in bringing people from burning
buildings, freeing those who were pinned in wrecks, rescuing people from being drowned
and giving oxygen to those suffering heart attacks. Unfortunately the financial burden of
supporting this additional equipment proved too heavy on the fire department so this unit
had to be disolved.
Those who have served as Firechief are: Ray Hogan, Dennie Maness, Jack McKenzie
and Phillip Auman. Hal Boroughs is serving as president, Roger King, vice president,
Raeford Lucas, secretary and A. R. Auman, Jr. as treasurer.
HISTORY OF SEAGROVE GRANGE
Seagrove Grange 816 was organized September 8, 1932 under the leadership of E. S.
Millsaps, Randolph County Farm Agent, and T. F. Nance, a N. C. State Grange Deputy.
There were 36 charter members with M. C. Auman, Sr. being elected the first worthy
In the early days of the organization, the members were very active. They held
bi-monthly meetings which were opened and closed in form. A degree team helped in
other granges. They enjoyed picnics, ice cream suppers, fish frys, oyster stews, etc.
Some of the community projects the Grange promoted were as follows: requested and
received an agriculture teach, helped build the first school gymnasium, worked for
obtaining R. E. A., went on record favoring 12 grades in school, requested and obtained a
Community Cannery, which was in operation during World War II years, under the
supervision of the Vocational Department.
The first meetings were held in the school building. When it was burned, they were
held in the homes of various members until it was rebuilt. Later the Agriculture Building
was used for them.
In later years the Grange sponsored an annual Fiddler's Convention. With the
proceeds and the capable leadership of M. C. Auman, Sr. and Paul Auman, a lot was
purchased near the school, and a Grange Hall was erected on it in 1963.
More recently a well was drilled and a central heating system and linoleum floor
covering were installed. For several years a scout troop was sponsored.
Since 1972 the Seagrove Library has rented the Grange Hall. The basement, with rest
rooms, has been completed. Regular monthly meetings of the Grange are held in it. The
Seagrove School Band uses it during the school term, also.
Much credit for the accomplishments of the Grange has been due to its capable
leadership. Those serving as Worthy Master included: M. C. Auman, Sr., W. V. Redding,
J. M. Green, R. J. Lawrence, L. A. King, Paul Auman, Eil Callicutt, Thomas Lawrence, and
Each of the four agriculture teachers: W. V. Redding, Truman Parker, Charles Keels,
and Homer Boling, were very active in the organization, also.
All members who join the local organization receive the 4th degree. Several in the
Seagrove Grange have also received the 5th degree (Pomona or County), the 6th degree
(State) and the 7th degree (National).
Seagrove Town Officials
(No available records prior to 1927)
1927 - Mayor - J. R. Comer
Commissioners - O. D. Lawrence
J. S. Richardson
S. G. Richardson
W. D. Lenords
Clerk - E. B. Leach
1933 - Mayor - Jessie Page
Commissioners - Noah Williams
H. D. Smith
W. B. Hogan
O. W. Parks
Clerk - E. B. Leach
1935 - Mayor - J. L. Page
Commissioners - J. B. Cox, Chairman
0. D. Lawrence
J. S. Ashworth
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1937 - Mayor - O. D. Lawrence
Commissioners - W. E. Graves
A. R. Auman
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1941 - Mayor - O. D. Lawrence
Commissioners - W. L. Wright
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1943 - Mayor - O. D. Lawrence
Commissioners - Amos Farlow
P. L. Auman
J. S. Ashworth
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1945 - Mayor - Boyd King
Commissioners - P. L. Auman
J. S. Ashworth
Clerk - 0. W. Parks
1947 - Mayor - Wade Harris
Commissioners - A. R. Auman
A. L. Ashburn
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1951 - Mayor - Wade Harris
Commissioners - James Booe
A. L. Ashburn
J. S. Ashworth
A. R. Auman
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1953 - Mayor - W. W. Thomas
Commissioners - Ben Chrisco
W. P. Strider
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1955 - Mayor - A. L. Ashburn
Commissioners - Ivey Luck
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1957 - Mayor - Ray Hogan
Commissioners - Theodore Auman
T. E. Auman
Clerk - O. W. Parks
1959 - Mayor - Ray Hogan
Commissioners - C. L. McCaskill
L. A. Auman
B. H. Chrisco
A. R. Auman
Clerk - 0. W. Parks
1961 - Mayor - Ray Hogan
Commissioners - Clinton Comer
Clerk - Hal Boroughs
1967 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon
Commissioners - Amos Farlow
C. L. McCaskill
A. R. Auman Jr.
Clerk - Hal Boroughs
1969 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon
Commissioners - Wade Harris
C. L. McCaskill
A. R. Auman Jr.
Clerk - Hal Boroughs
1963 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon
Commissioners - Clinton Comer
A. R. Auman
Clerk - Hal Boroughs
1965 - Mayor - Bobby Voncannon
Commissioners - C. L. McCaskill
A. R. Auman Jr.
Clerk - Hal Boroughs
1971 - Mayor - Charles Richardson
Commissioners - Ben Chrisco
Clerk - Hal Boroughs
1975 - Mayor - Michael Walker
Commissioners - Clay Davis
Clerk - Nancy Reeder
Chronolgical Events 1920 - 1976
1920 - New school opened (this was the 2nd building for Seagrove)
- Bank established
- C. W. Brower purchased the Roller Mill from W. R. Williams
- Post Office in the hardware store with J. D. Welch as Postmaster
1923 - Post Office returns to corner building with S. G. Richarson serving
1924 - S. G. Richardson purchased the Roller Mill from C. W. Brower
- Brick Company established by B. A. King and Gard Richardson
- Seagrove Motor Company established by Walter Auman.
1925 - Cotton Gin opened
1926 - W. C. Walker and B. A. King - used car sales -
- Brick School opened
1927 - Six month school term began
- Highway 220 paved down to Old Gap
1928 - Mrs. Jewel Williams installed as Postmistress
- Electricity installed by Carolina Power & Light; town has 20 street lights at a cost
1929 - Eight month school term began
1930 - Carl King elected Sheriff, served until 1942
1931 - C. C. Presnell - barber
- Will Stutts - constable
1932 - Grady Floyd - extra constable added
1934 - March - school burned - rebuilt in time for fall semester
1935 - William & Lewis - 1935 tax list
- Farlow & Harmon - tax list
1936 - Western Union Telegraph established
- Seagrove Grocery est. - Farlow Brothers
1937 - W. E. Graves reported he had collected $10 from Aycock, manager of Medicine
Show for operating inside corporate limits for 9 days
1937 - Jail sold to W. P. Strider for $250
- Central Telephone installed Seagrove lines
1938 - C. M. Tyson was given ad to have R. J. Tyson put in Textile World Advertisements
for lot and tax exemption for 5 years to any textile concern to put up mill in
- New Hope section - mail route changed to Route 3, Asheboro
1939 - Seagrove Grocery Co.
1941 - Post Office moved to old bank building - Mrs. Jewel Williams, Postmistress
1942 - Agriculture Education Department at High School was established
1944 - Hosiery Mill
- Cafeteria begun at Seagrove School, Janie King, manager
1945 - John Kearns installed as Postmaster
1947 - Lions Club sold chances on a car
- First Tax Service - Velton Freeman
- Mountain View Canning Company founded by Alfred Spencer and Ivey Luck -
name changed later to Luck's
1949 - Curbing of streets - highway 220 widened - cost to property owners $1.50 per
lineal foot - total bill $10,000
- Street markers erected
1950 - Central Telephone installed dial system in Seagrove
- Relocation of Hwy. 220 - beginning at Depot extending to Asbury
1951 - Last train through Seagrove December 31, 1951
1952 - Removal of tracks
1953 - Lucks, Inc. organized, formerly Mountain View Canning Co., now a part of
American Home Products
- New streets named and markers erected - Lions Club paid half the cost
- Street re-worked from J. R. Lucas to corner to school drive - sidewalk installed
- Star mail route to Strieby removed
- Home Economic laboratory built into new addition of the high school
- Science Department laboratory built in high school
- Nationwide Insurance Co. - Ray Hogan
1954 - Alice Graves installed as Postmistress
- Steeds Post Office discontinued to Seagrove, Route 2 - delivered by Farrell Auman
- Seagrove Barber Shop - Hal Bourough, barber
1955 - Fire Station organized
- Clyde Russell retires from Mail Route 1, Clifton Boone installed
1956 - Post Office moved to building on south side of Main Street beside hardware store
and barber shop
1957 - Econo Oil Service built
1959 - Blacktopped streets including King, Wayman and East Ave. and old Post Office
- Seagrove Oil Company by Bobby Voncannon
1960 - Modern Shell Station
1961 - Bird Sanctuary created
- Seagrove Upholstery, W. E. Hunt
1962 - Simmon's Floor Covering, Ralph Simmons
1966 - Little Village Dress Shop est. by Geneva Cox
1967 - Seagrove Community Water Association incorporated
- Post Office moved to new building on Hwy. 220 one block north of the depot
- Seagrove School Library built in the old auditorium
1968 - May - Depot was removed from original site by Walter Auman to become Potters
Museum - moved one mile north of Seagrove
- Dairy Breeze opened
- First National Bank of Asheboro opens
1969 - Luther Floor Covering, Robert Luther
- Southwest High School built
- $50 given toward plaque commemorating the site of the old depot which was also
the original landmark from which the town limits were set - Plaque inset in Rock
Marker built at this time
1970 - Bank robbed
1971 - 1st Christmas lights installed by town
- Mid State Plastics
1972 - Red Lion Furniture est.
- Modern Barber Shop - Jimmy Cagle
- Realistic Beauty Shop - Helen Cagle
1973 - Library opened in the Grange building on the old Plank Road - Sarah Auman,
- Carolina Tennie Tender Manufacturer
1974 - Clifton Boone retires from mail Route 1, Russell Macon installed
- Davis Auto Sales - Arnold Davis
- Holly Hill Candles - Richard Gillison
1975 - Bank robbed
- Town purchased patrol car in connection with the County Sheriff's Department
- Old Jasper Auman's Grocery building relocated to point opposite Yow Cemetery
by Charles Cagle
Green's Station 1938 located
near the Gap at Needham Mountain
M and B Drive-In 1948
Forest McNeil and Alvie Boone
Located on Old Plank Road
South of Town
Luck's Incorporated was founded in 1947 as Mountain View Canning Company by
Alfred Spencer and Ivey Luck. A third local small businessman, Clay Presnell, joined the
company in 1948.
The initial purpose of the company was to perform home canning. People from the
Seagrove area would bring garden vegetables or locally grown and slaughtered meat to
the plant for canning. Their canning equipment consisted of two semi-automatic Dixie
Can Sealers and two very small retorts. When operating at full capacity total production
could approach 200 cans per hour.
In late 1948, under the Mountain View Label, the first grocery product, Beef and
Gravy, was introduced. In 1950, after several years of development based on local home
recipes, the owners felt that they had achieved their goal of high quality, truly home style
canned Pinto Beans seasoned with Pork. In late 1950 the first Luck's (R) Pinto Beans
seasoned with Pork was introduced. Great Northern Beans and Blackeyed Peas, both
seasoned with pork were added to the product line in 1951 and were immediate
In 1953 the name of the company was changed from Mountain View Canning Co. to
In late 1953 Mr. C. C. Smith (Colonel), who at that time was a Luck's (r) broker, bought
an interest in and joined the company. He was later appointed President and Chief
Executive Officer. Colonel Smith's extensive experience in grocery marketing and sales
field was utilized to strengthen and expand distribution of Luck's (R) products.
By 1963 the product lines had grown to include October Beans, Navy Beans, Red
Kidney Beans, Giant Lima Beans, Small Green Lima Beans, Field Peas, White Acre Peas,
Salad Greens and Turnip Greens, all seasoned with pork. Also produced were Peaches,
Gravy and Beef, Gravy with Steak, Chicken and Dumplings and Pork with Barbeque
Sauce. The original plant at Seagrove had been expanded on several occasions and a
second plant had been established in Aberdeen, North Carolina for canning peaches.
Luck's, Incorporated continued to grow both in product line and in geographical
distribution areas. In October 1967, Luck's, Incorporated was merged into American
Home Products. Under American Home Foods (Division of A.H.P.) management, Luck's,
Incorporated has maintained its tradition of growth through the production and sale of
the highest quality Southern Style Canned Foods. The original formula and processes
developed in the late 1940's are still used.
The plant remains at the original location just outside Seagrove, North Carolina. The
Aberdeen, North Carolina plant has been sold and its operations relocated to Seagrove.
The original plant was about 700 square feet, the present plant contains in excess of
110,000 square feet. The first employees were only the partners and now more than 200
employees work in the Luck's, Incorporated plant.
Although tiny Mountain View Canning Company has made very substantial growth
since its first can of Pinto Beans seasoned with pork; its philosophy of superior product
quality remains foremost.
MID-STATE PLASTICS, INC.
Mid-State Plastics, Inc. of Seagrove manufactures such diverse items as ice cream
freezer components, dinette chair backs and parts for intravenous sets for hospital and
emergency medical use.
The firm has been in business just five years, but already is serving varied industries
over the entire eastern half of the nation with injection molded plastic components for a
diversity of products.
President Jack Lail reports that all work is done on a contract basis, producing to
customer specification such other varied items as power drill handles and housings for
Black and Decker, parts of games for the Whitman Games and Toys Division of Western
Publishing Co. and handles and cases for General Electric Company products.
The business has grown steadily since its 1971 opening, and already a new plant
facility is on the drawing boards. This new building will be devoted exclusively to the
manufacture of biological and medical supplies, where quality control and
ultra-cleanliness are vitally important. At present, such bio-medical supplies are
manufactured in a specially sealed-off portion of the existing plant. Mr. Lail explains that
this "clean room" operation excludes any foreign matter from the manufacturing area,
since normal sterilization before use in hospitals and laboratories does not remove
particulates which could easily cause malfunction of these delicate and often life-saving
devices. Each employee working in this area wears special clothing, including shoe
covers, robes and hair nets, and even the air is specially filtered and conditioned to
remove any potential contaminants.
Company officials and department managers include Mr. Lail, president; Charles 0.
Allen, engineering manager; Don Wellington, sales and marketing manager; Charles L.
Needham, materials and quality control manager; Andrew B. Phelps, production
manager; and Elizabeth Cox, office manager. At present the plant is staffed by 85
employees, and equipment ranges from a 15-ton, 1 ounce molding press to a giant
700-ton, 70 ounce press.
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The Goat Train
Mail service was slow and irregular during the early years. It was usually left to
travelers and stage coach drivers to deliver the long awaited letters. However, by early
1830 there was a definate system with post riders. Letters were delivered within two
weeks within a reasonable distance. There were no stamps at this time and charges for a
letter were made according to distances. Up to 30 miles the cost was 6 cents and the rate
increased two cents for every fifty miles up to 450 miles which was 25 cents. All over this
went for the same fee.
During this time many people living around here used the Brower's Mill Post Office
which had been established in 1828. Moffitt's Mills office was set up in 1838. Marley's
Mill's service began in 1827. The office in Hill's Store served the Union area in 1832 and
Uwharrie opened in 1840.
Stamps were issued in 1845 at which time services were greatly improved. More
offices were established for the convenience to the people. Cox's Mill on Little River
installed a post office in 1846, Lassiter's Mill in 1848 and Stone Lick in 1849. Revenue to
operate soon became scarce and by 1866 many of the newly opened offices such as Why
Not (1860) had to be discontinued. Money was subsidized from the government to
upgrade it again so part of them were reopened a few years later. Why Not was
reinstated in 1877.
The first post office in Seagrove opened in 1897 in the railroad depot. Tom Ellis was
agent so he was also appointed postmaster. A Rural Free Delivery route was established
about the turn of the century. Wincie and Jethro Harper carried it in a buggy pulled by a
white horse. This ran through the Why Not Community for a total daily distance of 22
miles. Letter could be posted and delivered the same day within the route.
The Post Office remained in the depot until 1909 when Mattie Russell was appointed
Postmistress. Then Henry Yow built an office on the northwest corner across from the
depot that was used until 1914 when Frank Auman was appointed. He moved it to a small
building beside the Dave Cornelison Store later establishing it in the front of his own
store and the newly organized bank was in the back.
The Post Office was moved with each new appointment for the Postal Department paid
rent on the office and each person could decide where it could operate. J. D. Welch was
appointed in 1920 and having duties in the hardware he moved it there where it would be
more convenient for him to look after. Gard Richardson was installed after the death of
Mr. Welch and the Post Office was moved back to the Henry Yow building on the corner.
Mrs. Jewel Williams took it over in 1928 and remained in the corner office until 1941
when it was removed to the old brick bank building. She retired in 1945 and John L.
Kearns was appointed who served until 1954 when Alice Graves was installed.
Claude Walker dispatched mail on route one after the Harpers for about six years then
Hal Garner had it for over a year. Then Clyde Russell continued with it until 1955 when
Clifton Boone was carrier. There was a Star Route to the Strieby area which was served
by Oliver H. Callicutt and Grady Shaw. This was removed in 1953. Also during this time
the New Hope section was being served from Seagrove by a Route Two, Will Scott
carried this, then Jeff Moore. When Jimmy Walker, took charge this changed to Route 3
coming out of Asheboro in 1938.
In 1956 a brick structure was built by Hubert and A. R. Auman on the north side of the
hardware and barber shop giving the Post Office a larger area. It had been rated as a
third class office but now due to increased postal receipts was given a second class
position. The present office was built in 1967 by Dewit King and Ivy Luck and is located
on highway 220 one block north of the old one. It provides 254 boxes for local residents.
Two rural routes serve 4,480 patrons. Russel Macon, replacing Clifton Boone in 1974,
delivers on route one in the Erect and Union Grove communities traveling 87 miles daily.
Route two covers 107 miles including Steeds, Dover, Westmoore and Needham's Grove
areas. This is delivered by Farrell Auman who began in 1947 delivering out of the Steeds
Post Office. The Steeds office was discontinued to Seagrove in 1954 becoming route two.
Vera W. Richardson has served as Clerk since 1943 and Ruth McKinzie was installed in
1883-2 cents 1968 - 6 cents
1932 - 3 cents 1971 - 8 cents
1958 - 4 cents 1974 - 10 cents
1963 - 5 cents 1975 - 13 cents
Boyd King standing in front
of the corner Post Office
First Post Office
The first telephone service in this immediate area was installed shortly before 1910. It
was known as a subscription system for each subscriber received a telephone after they
had paid a $25 fee, thus paying for the line as it was installed. Each patron paid $4 per
year for upkeep. The line included the Why Not community and later extended into Erect.
Then in about 1920 a line was run into the High Pines area. Another one was run down
the highway connecting into a toll line of Candor. Long distance was obtained through
Asheboro. The system worked by calling the central operator and having her to dial the
number. All phones would ring as the call was put through. Each resident had a certain
number of rings composed of longs and shorts which let the individual know when the
call was meant for them. Minnie Stuart was the first operator, then Mary Muncey
located in the Russell Williams home, Maggie Presnell and Blanche Parks. Central was
always located in the home of the operator.
As more telephones were installed and distances became greater, the lines became
weaker. Also some subscribers would remove their receiver on all rings which further
weakened the service. In 1937 Central Telephone Company ran a rural magnetic line out
of Asheboro. However, the old neighborhood line remained active for several years. Part
of this line was still in effect recently between the homes of Jack McKinzie, Clinton
Auman and Clarence Cagle. Mr. Auman had been head of the local lines for many years.
In 1950 a copper line replaced the old magnetic one giving better connections with a
dial system. Later a completely new substation was built located directly behind the
hardware store on South Street. When Central Telephone first installed their lines 67
telephones were connected. In 1960 there was 128 and in 1970 there were 512. As of May
25, 1976 there were 743 subscribers emjoying this service.
Soloman Williams' House
Built In 1849
Restored 1968 in Asheboro, N. C.
By Walter and Vivian Bryant
John Lucas House on Little River built before the Revolutionary War. This
picture was taken in 1922 by Lisa Farlow.
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MAP OF RANDOLH COUNTY, N. C.
POST OFFICES WITH DATES OF POSTMASTER APPOINTMENTS
Randolph County, North Carolina
From United States Official Postal Records, Washington, D. C.
Joseph Allen - Appointed April 30, 1830
P. 0. discontinued July 25, 1833
Allen J. Tomlinson - appointed March 25, 1887
Herbert A. Tomlinson - appointed December 11, 1896
Dougan C. Cox - appointed February 13, 1903
Jesse W. Blair - appointed October 8, 1908
Rufus C. Hassell - appointed January 27, 1921
Wilborn Luther - appointed September 1, 1890
William M. Coble - appointed February 24, 1891
James A. Spencer - appointed January 30, 1895
Rocity J. Spencer - appointed March 31, 1905
P. 0. discontinued April 18, 1908 - mail sent to SEAGROVE
Noah W. Cockman - appointed August 22, 1903
John N. Maness - appointed June 29, 1904
P. O. discontinued March 31, 1910
ASHEBOROUGH COURT HOUSE
Benjamin Elliott - appointed June 23, 1832
John Ingram - appointed September 9, 1839
Joseph A. Worth - appointed March 8, 1840
John A. Craven - appointed April 8, 1846
Joseph H. Brown - appointed June 11, 1851
Matthew M. Troy - appointed October 18, 1853
Thomas M. Moore - appointed April 29, 1854
Lucy A. Baldwin - appointed October 4, 1854
Lizzie A. Lawrence - appointed October 4, 1854
Eugenia B. McCain - appointed November 15, 1866
John S. Steed - appointed July 9, 1872
Delia E. Moss - appointed August 9, 1872
Delia E. Frazier - appointed November 9, 1874
Mrs. Eugenia B. McCain - appointed September 27, 1886
John D. Harden - appointed December 29, 1902 - order resc. Jan. 6, 1903
Eugenia B. McCain - appointed October 10, 1903
John M. Burrows - appointed June 2, 1908
Ernest L. Auman - appointed November 29, 1913
Romulus R. Ross - appointed June 16, 1914
name changed to Ashboro January 10, 1923 - later changed to ASHEBORO
Ulysses G. Richardson - appointed June 30, 1922
Frank M. Wright - appointed March 16, 1928
Joseph R. Hinshaw - appointed July 27, 1928
Alfred Brower - appointed February 12, 1828
Nicholas Brower - appointed August 11, 1840
Elick Moffitt - appointed August 23, 1847
Alfred Brower - appointed April 8, 1854
William K. Brower - appointed August 1, 1866
Rufus A. Brower - appointed March 20, 1882
Lonious L. Richardson - appointed January 14, 1896
Dempsey Auman - appointed January 27, 1898
Artemas Ward - appointed May 5, 1905
P. O discontinued April 30, 1910
John Lambert - appointed May 26, 1846
Thomas Brooks - appointed September 2, 1850
Jesse Lambert - appointed August 19, 1857
Robert Lambert - appointed April 28, 1873
P. O. discontinued May 6, 1873
John Pope - appointed Febrary 27, 1850
P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866 - reestablished Febrary 26, 1867
Harmon T. Cox - appointed February 26, 1869
P. O. discontinued February 23, 1872 - reestablished December 23, 1872
Harmon T. Cox - appointed December 23, 1872
Alfred T. Caviness - appointed April 29, 1873
Issac F. Caviness - appointed December 22, 1873
Mattie J. Caveness - appointed September 15, 1884
Calvin G. Dorsett - appointed December 6, 1894
P. 0. discontinued January 13, 1904 mail sent to Ramseur effective Jan. 30, 1904
James J. Biston - appointed October 18, 1850
Miss Nancy Burney - appointed February 9, 1866
P. O. discontinued November 14, 1876
BUSH HILL late BLAMINGTON in Guilford County
Winship M. Wilson - appointed November 9, 1865
Allen U. Tomlinson - appointed December 5, 1867
William D. Tomlinson - appointed July 20, 1879
Allen J. Tomlinson - appointed May 18, 1886
changed to Archdale March 25, 1887
Tryon M. Baldwin - appointed September 17, 1879
H. D. Wright - appointed August 10, 1881
P. O. discontinued October 6, 1881
L. G. B. Gingham - appointed March 8, 1882
changed to FLORA August, 1883
Solomon Williams - appointed October 8, 1860
P. 0. discontinued December 6, 1866
BROWNS CROSS ROADS
William Brown - appointed November 25, 1873
P. O. discontinued August 2, 1890 mail sent to RANDLEMAN
Ira C. Brown - appointed September 16, 1879
Stanly S. Cox - appointed October 8, 1895
Ira C. Brown - appointed January 21, 1896
Eli Brown - appointed June 28, 1897
William R. Burgess - appointed April 19, 1875
P. 0. discontinued July 26, 1875
Archie C. Bulla - appointed May 18, 1882
H. H. Dougan - appointed June 4, 1895
Coctor B. McCrary - appointed July 13, 1895
Robert L. Clark - appointed April 12, 1899
P. O. discontinued June 19, 1903 mail sent to CARAWAY
George P. Barker - appointed May 14, 1884
Mill Alva Chamness - appointed November 25, 1884
Martha C. Chamness - appointed January 13, 1886
P. 0. discontinued July 18, 1903 mail sent to CLIMAX effective July 31, 1903
John Thompson - appointed February 27, 1888
P. O. discontinued February 14, 1895 mail sent to FLORA
Robert S. Garner - appointed July 26, 1895
Madison S. Thompson - appointed October 25, 1901
changed into Davidson County, N. C, November 30, 1901
Pollie J. Ingram - appointed October 23, 1889
Martha J. Ingram - appointed July 6, 1891
Frances L. Ingram - appointed January 17, 1913
P. O. discontinued November 15, 1917 mail sent to PIPE
Bennett Kidd - appointed July 21, 1903
P. O. discontinued August 25, 1904 mail sent to BOAZ
Edwin D. Cosand - appointed October 4, 1845
Penuel Wood - appointed December 23, 1847
Simeon Jones - appointed February 15, 1849
John A. Craves - appointed November 5, 1851
Branson Briles - appointed August 10, 1856
Simeon Jones - appointed August 19, 1856
John A. Craven - appointed December 16. 1857
Nathan Spencer - appointed August 14, 1858
Emma A. Craven - appointed August 31, 1858
John A. Craven - appointed December 24, 1859
John I. Keerans - appointed July 20, 1860
John A. Craven - appointed October 12, 1860
Mrs. Mary Winslow - appointed April 25, 1866
P. 0. discontinued August 9, 1869
John F. Jarrell - appointed December 15, 1882
Elwood N. Farlow - appointed January 28, 1893
John F. Jarrell - appointed May 1, 1895
Mrs. Ora E. Walker - appointed March 4, 1898
Micajah Cox - appointed May 18, 1846
P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866
James F. Marsh - appointed December 16, 1848
Joseph H. Brown - appointed August 8, 1853
William S. Marsh - appointed September 29, 1854
John M. Odell - appointed June 10, 1857
Henry B. Marley - appointed December 15, 1859
J. F. S. Julian - appointed October 8, 1860
P. O. discontinued December 6, 1860
John J. Glass - appointed March 4, 1878
Charles H. Sergeant - appointed November 14, 1887
Issac L. Trogdon - appointed January 27, 1888
Joseph J. Glass - appointed August 22, 1888
Issac L. Trogdon - appointed July 17, 1889
P. O discontinued June 2, 1892 mail sent to FRANKLINVILLE
reinstated October 18, 1892
Samuel Bristow - appointed October 18, 1892
Ulysses C. Richardson - appointed July 6, 1898
Montie Jennings - appointed August 14, 1901
Nathan C. Hayes - appointed February 24, 1903
Daniel Allred - appointed May 9. 1907
Solomon E. Ferree - appointed July 3, 1908
Joseph F. Lane - appointed December 15, 1908
Jennie Ferree - appointed June 15, 1910
James R. Lutterloh - appointed July 6, 1911
Charles W. Hilliard - appointed January 27, 1912
Percy L. Bostick - appointed December 28, 1914
Clyde C. Redding - appointed October 2, 1916
Mary E. Bray - appointed August 22, 1871
Thomas F. Ward - appointed September 6, 1875
John M. Fox - appointed February 3, 1876
Laton F. Paschal - appointed February 18, 1878
Quiins F. Kirkman - appointed June 25, 1878
Atlas G. Phillips - appointed July 15, 1878
Samuel R. Craven - appointed September 16, 1880
Thomas C. Russell - appointed January 14, 1876
Daniel H. Lambert - appointed June 10, 1878
James E. Spencer - appointed February 16, 1911
Wiley F. Lambert - appointed April 25, 1917
James E. Spencer - appointed January 20, 1928
William R. Burgess - appointed March 4, 1879
Miss Artilia Lane - appointed October 20, 1881
Mrs. Sarah Free - appointed July 19, 1886
Calvin H. Rush - appointed August 8, 1888
changed to HOOVER HILL March 9, 1891
Samuel R. Craven - appointed January 20, 1881
William P. Lane - appointed March 7, 1884
Henry T. Caviness - appointed February 5, 1886
Jacob R. Parks - appointed June 28, 1886
late RED CROSS, now in Guilford County, N. C.
James R. Hutton - appointed March 9, 1891
Alfred M. Diffee - appointed November 20, 1882
Alexander C. McAlister - appointed October 28, 1885
James S. McAlister - appointed December 16, 1889
Edwin H. Morris - appointed July 6, 1898
Claudius S. Morris - appointed October 10, 1899
William P. Conners - appointed April 2, 1903
P. O. discontinued December 24, 1906 mail to Randleman effective Jan.
William P. Conner - appointed December 18, 1922
Claude R. Allred - appointed August 14, 1928
Bessie Rollins - appointed February 17, 1928
James A. Cole - appointed June 28, 1886
Addison K. Scotten - appointed November 26, 1902
Addison K. Scotten - appointed December 15, 1902
Jonnie M. Caveness - appointed April 9, 1914
Robert L. Caveness - appointed March 2, 1915
Mrs. Clatie Brooks - appointed November 29, 1922
W. B. Martin - appointed April 5, 1929
Garland W. Allen - appointed March 8, 1930
William L. Crotts - appointed November 24, 1902
P. O. discontinued December 23, 1903 mail sent to TRINITY
James F. Delk - appointed September 22, 1899
P. O. discontinued December 15, 1911 mail sent to JACKSON CREEK
James A. Ridge - appointed November 23, 1901
P. O. discontinued April 18, 1908 mail sent to CARAWAY
Martha Trogdon - appointed April 14, 1908
P. O. discontinued June 15, 1909
Mary O. Lowdermilk - appoint August 3, 1897
Mary O. Brown - appointed April 7, 1900
(see page 5 for earlier dated
Alfred S. Brady - appointed November 30, 1903
Manly E. Hammer - appointed December 14, 1905
Wesley A. Ward - appointed December 4, 1907
John A. Ward - appointed September 18, 1909
Josiah Cheek - appointed October 3, 1857
Silas S. Moffitt - appointed January 16, 1860
P. O. discontinued May 22, 1860
William M. Coble - appointed June 25, 1898
Joel Hammond - appointed January 23, 1899
P. O. discontinued April 30, 1911 mail sent to SEAGROVE
Emma L. Williams - appointed April 12, 1902
P. 0. discontinued January 10, 1906 mail sent to COLE'S STORE
Benjamin F. Miller - appointed July 9, 1888
Edward I. Miller - appointed January 29, 1898
P. O. discontinued December 4, 1902 mail sent to MAUDE
Robert Laughlin - appointed March 28, 1903
John M. Floyd - appointed June 5, 1903
P. O. discontinued February 17, 1906 mail sent to TRINITY
Dewitt C. Johnson - appointed August 27, 1849
John C. Andrews - appointed August 11, 1852
Hezekiah Andrews - appointed August 14, 1855
John C. Andrews - appointed April 23, 1866
Julia Andrews - appointed April 12, 1899
Millard F. Briles - appointed September 8, 1899
P. O. discontinued May 31, 1905 mail sent to THOMASVILLE
EMPIRE formerly HEART
William R. Brown - appointed March 8, 1882
Simon E. Allen - appointed September 9, 1895
P. O. discontinued March 29, 1906 mail sent to ASHEBORO
Thomas B. Tysor - appointed May 21, 1883
Charles M. Tysor - appointed May 7, 1914
P. O. discontinued March 30, 1935 mail sent to BENNETT. Later to Rt. 1, Seagrove, N. C.
Greenbery B. Saunders - appointed July 31, 1883
Green B. Saunders - appointed August 28, 1883
Mary I. Luther - appointed November 2, 1886
Archibald C. Varner - appointed November 1, 1890
James W. Luther - appointed September 10, 1892
Rosa Luther - appointed June 10, 1931
S. Frank Wall - appointed March 29, 1892
Elias E. Spencer - appointed July 27, 1900
Cornelius S. Spencer - appointed February 13, 1905
Ora A. Loflin - appointed April 2, 1918
Gwen Loflin - appointed April 14, 1921
P. O. discontinued August 31, 1922 mail sent to SOPHIA
FARMERS name changed May 23, 1898 to FARMER
Ransom H. Skeen - appointed March 11, 1875
James C. Skeen - appointed July 10, 1878 reappointed Jan. 13, 1886
Emily K. Skeen - appointed March 15, 1886
Nathan W. Newby - appointed July 9, 1894
Julius F. Homey - appointed March 18, 1898
William E. Kearns - appointed August 3, 1904
Gideon Macon - appointed March 6, 1907
Robert W. Dorsett - appointed August 23, 1918
Arlindo L. Hill - appointed March 13, 1922
Percy C. Morgan - appointed September 7, 1927
Henry M. Foust - appointed January 12, 1858
P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866 reinstated December 14, 1866
Mrs. Mary Houghton - appointed December 14, 1866
Margaret S. Gray - appointed September 9, 1868
Jeremiah L. Bray - appointed August 9, 1881
Edwin I. Whitehead - appointed June 10, 1891
P. O. discontinued September 14, 1903 mail sent to COLERIDGE
Alexander S. Homey - appointed June 26, 1840
John H. Foster - appointed June 5, 1848
Alexander S. Homey - appointed October 9, 1848
Matthew S. Henley - appointed June 6, 1849
William Millis - appointed March 4, 1852
James C. Skeen - appointed October 18, 1855
Lonnie Curtis - appointed September 21, 1856
Dennis Curtis - appointed September 23, 1856
Emsley Burgess - appointed February 23, 1866
John S. Ritter - appointed April 10, 1885
Alfred H. Burgess - appointed April 27, 1889
John S. Koilter - appointed July 13, 1893
Samuel E. Teague - August 12, 1895
Thaddeus G. Fraley - appointed July 8, 1895
Joseph N. Ellison - appointed June 2, 1898
Lewis F. Fentriss - appointed April 10, 1914
Fernie L. Ellison - June 4, 1924
McForest Cheek - appointed October 22, 1927
Eli E. Luck - appointed September 25, 1860
P. O. discontinued December 6, 1866
Graham Lowdermilk - appointed September 16, 1879
Emsley Lowdermilk - appointed October 10, 1879
Henry Bean - appointed March 21, 1898
P. O. discontinued March 11, 1905 mail sent to SEAGROVE
John A. Allen - appointed October 15, 1877
Daniel C. Brown - appointed September 20, 1880
Allen Scott - appointed December 28, 1882
John S. Ridge - appointed January 28, 1882
Allen Scott - appointed April 12, 1892
Sarah C. Scott - appointed September 11, 1900
P. O. discontinued May 29, 1907 mail sent to BROWN
Lorenzo G. B. Bingham - appointed August 6, 1883
Ninevah C. Ridge - appointed August 20, 1912
P. O. discontinued June 30, 1914 mail sent to FARMER
FULLERS late HOOVERHILL
Albert W. Fuller - appointed February 6, 1891
James C. Loflin - appointed February 3, 1909
Dennis J. Johnson - appointed March 10, 1903
P. O. discontinued March 11, 1905 mail sent to SEAGROVE
GARDNERS STORE name changed to NEW MARKET October 26, 1835
Sidney Porter - appointed April 26, 1827
Joseph Newlin - appointed November 8, 1832
GRAY'S CROSS ROADS changed to SCIENCE HILL February 10, 1854
Alexander S. Gray - appointed July 20, 1848
GLADESBOROUGH changed June 11, 1891 to GLADESBORO
John B. Chilcutt - appointed May 18, 1858
James W. Lyndon - appointed February 13, 1866
Francis Jane Lyndon - appointed March 9, 1866
Hugh L. Gray - appointed October 29, 1867
George S. Gossett - appointed August 31, 1862
John S. Gray - appointed November 9, 1870
John Walton - appointed December 12, 1871
P. O. discontinued October 7, 1872 reinstated November 19, 1872
William E. Coffin - appointed November 19, 1872
William C. Kennedy - appointed April 15, 1875
John A. Coltrane - appointed December 16, 1884
Hiram C. Swaim - appointed November 26, 1887
Franklin G. Frazier - appointed June 11, 1891
Hiram D. Swaim - appointed March 24, 1894
Franklin G. Frazier - appointed August 1, 1898
P. O. discontinued June 17, 1904 mail sent to HIGH POINT
GRAY'S CHAPEL changed August 3, 1894 to GRAY CHAPEL
Persilar A. Routh - appointed June 17, 1875
W. M. Routh - appointed August 18, 1876
Julia Routh - appointed April 7, 1891
Albert G. Hough - appointed August 3, 1894
Joseph A. Routh - appointed May 10, 1900
P. O. discontinued November 5, 1904 mail sent to MILLBORO
J. A. White - appointed May 10, 1876
Isaac A. White - appointed May 19, 1876
Lyndon White - appointed February 13, 1880
Eugene Davis - appointed May 13, 1896
P. O. discontinued January 2, 1897 mail sent to PROGRESS
William H. Brewer - appointed September 26, 1901
P. O. discontinued May 31, 1923 mail sent to HIGH POINT
Samuel Hill - appointed September 1, 1832
Nathan B. Hill - appointed June 15, 1853
Samuel B. Hill - appointed June 15, 1855
George W. Murdoch - appointed May 26, 1860
Mrs. Susannah L. Keerns - appointed February 14, 1866
Samuel A. Henley - appointed December 19, 1866
Willaim R. Lewis - appointed June 13, 1873
Corinna M. Lewis - appointed October 21, 1874
William R. Lewis - appointed December 11, 1878
C. H. Lewis - appointed March 18, 1880
Milton J. Hill - appointed December 7, 1881
Milton H. Hill - appointed December 21, 1887
William R. Lewis - appointed August 19, 1895
Samuel M. Lewis - appointed February 12, 1907
P. O. discontinued August 30, 1924 mail sent to MECHANIC
Hammer Allen - appointed December 29, 1830
Hezekiah Clark - appointed September 17, 1833
P. O. discontinued May 30, 1835
HEART changed to EMPIRE
William R. Brown - appointed August 4, 1880
John F. Laughlin - appointed June 23, 1886
Joseph E. Ward - appointed May 12, 1898
Dehew N. Crouch - appointed March 31, 1905
P. O. discontinued November 8, 1905 mail sent to RANDLEMAN
Joseph A. McDowell - appointed July 10, 1849
Ninevah Rush - appointed March 12, 1852
H. W. B. Prevo - appointed June 25, 1856
Ninevah Rush - appointed October 8, 1858
Lettie J. Rush - appointed February 23, 1866
Nelson M. Crow - appointed January 10, 1867
Joseph H. Rush - appointed March 19, 1868
Eugenia A. Redding - appointed February 19, 1869
John C. Hoover - appointed December 20, 1870
P. O. discontinued October 31, 1876 reinstated December 7, 1876
Benjamin F. Rush - appointed December 7, 1876
Samuel A. Hoover - appointed October 12, 1889
Albert W. Fuller - appointed December 11, 1889
Name changed to FULLERS February 6, 1891 reinstated
Thomas H. Redding - appointed March 9, 1891
Joseph Parkin - appointed May 5, 1898
Maria Wren - appointed December 4, 1899
P. O. discontinued April 8, 1907 mail sent to CARAWAY
William H. Parker - appointed April 15, 1899
P. 0. discontinued April 30, 1909
William H. Allred - appointed August 3, 1900
P. O. discontinued mail sent to CLIMAX July 18, 1903
Charles C. Cheek - appointed March 13, 1909
P. O. discontinued January 31, 1910
INSTITUTE changed to NORMAL COLLEGE June 1852
John L. Brown - appointed January 29, 1850
P. Arnold - appointed August 23, 1853
John K. Lamb - appointed December 17, 1854
Jonathan L. Sullivan - appointed June 9, 1854
Bishop Hix - appointed December 15, 1855
P. 0. discontinued December 11, 1866 reinstated December 20, 1870
Hannah L. Arnold - appointed February 13, 1877
P. O. discontinued September 9, 1868
JULIAN late Guilford County, N. C.
Mrs. Eva L. Whitaker - appointed April 14, 1914
Wyatt Nance - appointed August 10, 1859
Marand J. Nance - appointed June 6, 1866
Joel C. Ragan - appointed January 10, 1870
Jesse Joins - appointed September 2, 1871
John H. Johnson - appointed January 6, 1875
P. O. discontinued January 13, 1876 reinstated January 18, 1876
Joel C. Ragan - February 8, 1876
Elsavan B. Nance - appointed July 10, 1883
Henry C. Nancy Jr. - appointed February 4, 1884
Moses N. Morgan - appointed July 29, 1901
Ida Delk - appointed December 10, 1912
Clarence C. Ridge - appointed March 22, 1924
Wiley M. Smith - appointed June 19, 1874
Nathan Parker - appointed September 8, 1876
Jeremiah S. Cox - appointed February 26, 1883
Mrs. Nancy L. Leonard - appointed September 14, 1886
Rosa E. Thornburg - appointed March 26, 1903
Charlie E. Brown - February 18, 1908
John W. Brown - March 7, 1912
Charlie E. Brown - appointed February 6, 1914
Orlendo Chrisco - appointed March 28, 1903
Evelyn Moffitt - August 31, 1906
Kate Moffitt - February 14, 1909
P. 0. discontinued March 15, 1921 mail sent to BENNETT
William H. York - appointed December 10, 1886
P. 0. discontinued February 14, 1905 mail sent to RAMSEUR
Thomas McRorie - July 25, 1832
Clinton Johnson - May 15, 1835
Alexander W. Hogan - December 19, 1840
DeWitt C. Johnson - November 25, 1842
John C. Dorsett - May 2, 1849
Nathaniel D. Bain - December 26, 1851
Dempsey Brown - October 27, 1853
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866
Joseph B. Lane - January 11, 1832
P. O. discontinued January 6, 1844
LONG'S MILLS changed to LIBERTY December 5, 1884 (see Liberty)
Mary W. Long - no date
Osmond F. Long - January 5, 1833
John Long Jr. - March 2, 1835
Benjamin A. Sellars - August 22, 1857
Mrs. Mary Long - March 3, 1873
John W. Staley - August 3, 1882
Alexander Mclver - August 17, 1882
Mrs. Parthena A. Phillips - March 6, 1884
William M. Burgess - June 9, 1884
LASSITER'S MILLS changed March 24, 1894 to LASSITER
Sarah Lassiter - July 20, 1848
Emsley Lassiter - June 30, 1857
Mrs. Dorcas Parthenia Luther - February 23, 1866
Alexander G. Murdock - March 24, 1894
P. 0. discontinued May 15, 1911 mail sent to BOMBAY reinstated
Mrs. Dora Carter - December 28, 1914
Mrs. Ghrissie E. Melton - July 25, 1916
John Farlow Jr. - December 10, 1875
Sophronia Farlow - January 27, 1879
David Farlow - February 5, 1886
P. 0. discontinued August 9,' 1906 mail sent to RANDLEMAN
Romulus R. Ross - May 4, 1876
William Franklin Brown - October 20, 1879
Myrtle Causey - June 15, 1904
P. 0. discontinued July 29, 1904 mail sent to RANDLEMAN
Mrs. Ladisky Jane Troy - January 9, 1884
Miss Lucritia D. Ledbetter - March 3, 1886
James F. Pickett - May 23, 1889
Martha J. Pickett - September 15. 1892
William J. Stalye - September 9, 1893
James F. Pickett - January 7, 1898
James R. Smith - April 9, 1914
Julia M. Smith - December 16, 1916
William N. Hanner - March 18, 1919
Otis P. Brown - April 13, 1922
William L. Nance - May 3, 1888
Benjamin F. Parris - September 23, 1895
William J. Cashatt - January 27, 1898
P. 0. discontinued April 16, 1906 mail sent to FULLERS
MARLEY' S MILLS
Thomas Marley - January 22, 1827
Mrs. Lavina Marley - June 15, 1866
John F. Kemp - October 11, 1866
Benjamin F. Marley - April 23, 1867
P. 0. discontinued May 14, 1868 reinstated June 11, 1875
George C. Underwood - June 11, 1875
George T. Marley - November 7, 1903
Elizabeth Thompson - December 29, 1903
P. O. discontinued September 8, 1905 mail sent to RAMSEUR
MOFFITT'S MILLS changed to MOFFITT June 15, 1895
Charles Moffitt - no date - reappointed May 15, 1837
Thomas C. Moffitt - July 20, 1838
William D. Moffitt - July 25, 1854
Hugh T. Moffitt - October 11, 1858
William B. Maness - August 1, 1866
Hugh T. Moffitt - June 3, 1873
Lee Brady - May 31, 1890
John M. Caveness - June 15, 1895
Gurney Cox - May 26, 1899
Joseph T. Lambert - April 28, 1911
Fletcher P. Stout - April 22, 1925
Adam Brown - September 25, 1860
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866
Vandelia E. Jones - May 31, 1894
P. O. discontinued January 2, 1903 mail sent to LIBERTY
William W. Harper - December 23, 1897
John M. Presnell - April 27, 1898
Marion J. Presnell - June 21, 1898
P. O. discontinued October 31, 1913 mail sent to SEAGROVE
Jesse H. Skeen - July 28, 1900
P. O. discontinued July 18, 1903 mail sent to CLIMAX
Victor Parker - July 9, 1915
P. O. discontinued May 31, 1918 mail sent to JACKSONS CREEK
Ivy C. Nance - January 8, 1894
Richard C. Johnson - March 20, 1900
Pearl L. Shaw - July 7, 1908
Richard C. Johnson - May 1, 1911
R. Lindsay Sykes - June 9, 1913
P. O. discontinued January 15, 1916 mail sent to BOMBAY
David T. Offman - April 17, 1894
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1901 mail sent to RANDLEMAN
Eli N. Howard - September 5, 1884
William N. Bingham - May 5, 1924
P. O. discontinued November 17, 1931 mail sent to FARMER
Flarence E. Fray - April 28, 1884
Nannie L. G. Gray - July 7, 1885
Thomas L. Winslow - April 27, 1887
Gaither E. Elder - January 3, 1896
James R. Winslow - May 26, 1903
P. O. discontinued December 23, 1903 mail sent to TRINITY
Sarah E. Pugh - December 17, 1890
P. 0. discontinued August 11, 1891 mail sent to WOODFORD
Oliver F. Cox - August 3, 1887
Rheim W. Pugh - August 31, 1893
John C. Coltrane - November 29, 1901
Joseph A. Redding - December 5, 1903
Gertrude M. Pugh - April 9, 1914
Gertrude M. P. Wood - January 20, 1915
Phineas Nixon Jr. - no date - resppointed May 23, 1837
P. O. discontinued March 18, 1843
NEW MARKET late GARDNERS STORE
Joseph Newlin - October 26, 1835
Newton Newlin - October 17, 1865
Emily B. Newlin - November 22, 1865
Duncan Newlin - January 8, 1867
P. 0. discontinued June 15, 1909
NEW SALEM see also SALEM
Seth Hinshaw - October 17, 1826
Jesse Hinshaw - January 2, 1833
William Clark - March 25, 1843
Barzilla G. Worth - January 13, 1847
William L. Elliott - March 11, 1850
Charles H. Woolen - February 4, 1853
Noah G. Jarrell - April 22, 1853
Manlef Jarrell - October 26, 1859
Fernando N. Ingold - December 20, 1865
Josephine A. Ingold - January 14, 1868
Eli P. Hayes - March 18, 1891
Cornelia M. Caudle - June 21, 1895
George Wall - June 25, 1902
P. 0. discontinued August 9, 1906 mail sent to RANDLEMAN
Hiram C. Davis - April 1, 1856
P. O. discontinued July 9, 1859
NORMAL COLLEGE changed to TRINITY COLLEGE February 15, 1869
Martin S. Leach - June 1, 1852
NEW HOPE ACADEMY
Lorenzo D. Andrews - October 10, 1859
Mrs. Julia A. Phillips - June 6, 1866
Rebecca J. Miller - February 14, 1867
Miss Eliza Sikes - October 30, 1867
Sarnirah Cranford - August 4, 1871
Mrs. Mollie L. Webb - March 8, 1880
Etta Varner - January 29, 1900
Addie Chandler - March 2, 1911
James B. Lanier - December 1, 1928
James M. Chandler - August 10, 1929
James Page - March 31, 1858
Jesse D. Tucker - November 10, 1858
P. O. discontinued March 26, 1859
James A. Newsom - November 23, 1876
Miss Tabitha Lucas - September 16, 1878
Lula Cox - November 30, 1894
Mary R. Cagle - August 28, 1901
Lula Cox - June 2, 1902
William H. Foust - August 9, 1880
P. O. discontinued June 29, 1895 mail sent to RAMSEUR
Wilson Hill - October 9, 1890
Charlie H. Cranford - January 26, 1925
P. O. discontinued September 14, 1929 mail sent to COMPLEX
George G. Hendricks - September 5, 1884
Joseph F. Clark - January 9, 1895
Edward E. Pugh - April 21, 1897
S. T. Hall - August 9, 1901
Robert S. M. Blair - December 15, 1902
William N. Elder - May 22, 1909
Edward C. Blair - December 5, 1911
P. O. discontinued May 15, 1924 mail sent to TRINITY
Boudinot S. Loney - October 2, 1886
Josiah Remfry - April 4, 1887
moved May 28, 1887 to STRIEBY
James G. Parks - March 21, 1888
Marcus L. Wood - July 3, 1903
P. 0. discontinued April 16, 1906 mail sent to FULLERS
Levi B. Los - June 28, 1892
P. O. discontinued February 16, 1897 mail sent to SAWYERSVILLE
Florence Luther - September 5, 1912
Frances Yow - November 24, 1890
John R. Trogdon - July 9, 1891
Wincie C. Harper - October 15, 1897
P. O. discontinued January 31, 1921 mail sent to SEAGROVE
John Branson - February 2, 1833
P. O. discontinued June 6, 1838
Presley Ray - March 5, 1839
P. O. discontinued June 6, 1838
REED CREEK changed to COLUMBIA FACTORY March 2, 1879
Isaac H. Foust - September 22, 1849
Isiah S. Robins - October 15, 1860
Isaac H. Foust - April 16, 1861
Joseph Reece - April 17, 1866
Mrs. Mary J. Foust - August 20, 1866
Levi Cox - September 25, 1860
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866
RED CROSS changed to CLIMAX March 9, 1891
James Ledbetter - October 21, 1875
Mrs. Ella E. Field - February 5, 1886
James R. Hutton - April 6, 1888
James M. Riley - September 16, 1879
Henry C. Riley - October 20, 1882
Nathan R. Morris - January 31, 1901
Gilbert Tucker - November 13, 1903
Thomas L. Sikes - May 10, 1916
Robert S. Lanies - April 7, 1920
Ada L. Lanier - November 14, 1924
P. O. discontinued March 31, 1925 mail sent to DENTON
John H. Ferree - July 11, 1881
Walter P. Brooks - April 10, 1885
James M. Millikan - June 17, 1889
James T. Bostick - May 19, 1893
Joseph A. Ivey - June 28, 1897
Luren D. Mendenhall - November 22, 1902
A. N. Bulla - June 18, 1913
Wiley F. Talley - January 21, 1922
Malpheus F. Hinshaw - March 23, 1922
George W. Wrightsell - May 1, 1894
John C. Coltrane - December 5, 1895
P. O. discontinued July 25, 1898 mail sent to SOAPSTONE MOUNT
William H. Rush - July 12, 1888
Andrew S. Bush - June 15, 1903
P. O. discontinued April 16, 1907 mail sent to CARAWAY
Solomon A. Hay worth - May 28, 1886
James M. Allen - March 19, 1892
Abel C. Cox - November 26, 1894
P. O. discontinued March 14, 1914 mail sent to ASHEBORO
James B. Hill - March 1, 1890
Rachel C. Hill - November 24, 1891
Elmer V. Hix - March 26, 1914
P. O. discontinued December 15, 1926 mail sent to LASSITER
Mrs. Sarah C. Free - February 20, 1889
Thomas H. Lutterloh - January 14, 1891
William C. Stout - June 25, 1891
Edwin B. Leonard - September 22, 1893
George M. Kimrey - August 28, 1897
John D. Heardon - January 6, 1903 rescinded August 31, 1903
Charlie G. Foushee - May 5, 1914
George H. Hodgin - December 31, 1921
George Brown or Brower - April 25, 1837
Daniel Walker - December 22, 1848
Simpson C. Fox - March 29, 1852
Thomas Crouse - April 17, 1858
Sampson C. Fox - September 18, 1858
Aaron York - May 17, 1866
Shubel York - August 19, 1873
Aaron York - November 18, 1873
Joseph M. Reese - February 20, 1883
P. O. discontinued October 19, 1883 mail sent to TROYS STORE
Frederick Garner - August 8, 1840
Emsley Beckerdite - October 14, 1847
Miss Sallie E. Mickerditey - March 26, 1867
Miss Rozanne Keearns - March 26, 1867
Nannie M. Nance - June 9, 1913
P. O. discontinued June 15, 1918 mail sent to FARMER
Eli P. Miller - June 19, 1849
William Dougan - January 5, 1851
John H. Cougan - September 2, 1856
William McK. Dougan - January 25, 1866
William A. Dougan - January 13, 1873
Robert M. Walker - January 2, 1877
Zebedd F. Rush - July 11, 1883
Joseph C. Bulla - July 8, 1895
James M. Walker - December 15, 1896
P. O. discontinued September 16, 1902 mail sent to ASHEBORO
Randall Presnall - June 14, 1849
Jesse D. Cox - December 6, 1852
W. Ward Verden Jr. - August 3, 1854
Jesse D. Cox - November 6, 1857
James Lathem - March 16, 1859
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866
John Hammond - February 10, 1854
Matthew M. Troy - June 19, 1856
Thomas McDaniel - February 7, 1860
Lorenzo D. Moody - May 26, 1860
Jonathan Parker - February 4, 1867
Benjamin W. Brookshire - July 7, 1868
William Brewer - June 7, 1871
William J. Ridge - February 15, 1875
John W. Ridge - December 22. 1879
William H. Parker - July 12, 1889
Mary J. McDaniels - May 16, 1893
John H. McDaniels - July 29, 1895
P. O. discontinued May 11, 1905 mail sent to HOLLY
Lewis F. McMasters - July 16, 1853
P. O. discontinued October 20, 1860 reinstated December 13, 1860
Solomon Holt - December 13, 1860
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1866 reinstated May 23, 1873
James W. Cox - May 23, 1873
Hamilton or or Hampton L. Kimrey - August 24, 1874
David C. Holt - May 17, 1900
P. O. discontinued December 11, 1901 mail sent to LIBERTY
STRIEBY changed to RACHEL March 1, 1890
Alfred I. Walden - May 31, 1883
James B. Hill - March 7, 1884
Elenora W. Walden - May, 1891
Henry R. Walden - August 26, 1893
Lina S. McLeon - December 30, 1907
Elijah Shaw - July 24, 1908
Walter H. Parks - August 3, 1911
Elijah A. Shaw - January 17, 1913
Calvin W. Shaw - January 3, 1920
John W. Siler - April 9, 1884
Calvin G. Frazier - April 27, 1889
James W. Cox - June 23, 1893
Calvin G. Frazier - January 7, 1898
Robert L. Williams - January 30, 1908
Walter L. Robson - March 4, 1911
Judge T. Warren - April 29, 1914
Walter L. Robson - September 5, 1923
Velma C. Allred - July 10, 1925
Kimber T. Andrew - January 20, 1928
Elzie B. Johnson - May 18, 1906
P. O. discontinued October 15, 1917 mail sent to PIPE
Jesse E. Yount - February 20, 1907
Robert E. Baldwin - December 14, 1907
James S. Macon - November 21, 1910
P. O. discontinued September 14, 1918 mail sent to KANOY
Thomas S. Ellis - October 20, 1897
Mattie L. Russell - July 24, 1909
Franklin Auman - April 9, 1914
Jefferson D. Welch - December 30, 1920
Stephen G. Richardson - January 14, 1923
Mrs. Jewel R. Williams - January 16, 1928
John L. Kearns - November 21, 1945
Alice Graves - December 15, 1954
SPERO name changed to NORTH ASHEBORO February 1, 1930
Thomas B. Hogan - December 6, 1889
Joshua A. Bean - November 3, 1891
M. F. Snider - May 20, 1896
Thomas D. Hardin - August 26. 1897
James A. Lamb - February 19, 1901
Ida C. Nelson - November 13, 1901
Charles D. Harden - May 5, 1905
Addison E. Pritchard - September 18, 1905
Myrtle Millikan - December 19, 1911
Frances E. Bulla - May 6, 1914
Mrs. Maude Underwood - April 6, 1923
Joseph R. Hinshaw - July 27, 1928
Stephen W. Kivett - March 14, 1891
Stephen Kivett Jr. - June 6, 1892
James M. Johnson - March 27, 1897
Jesse J. Harper - September 14, 1900
Cyrena A. Gray - August 1901
George F. Chandler - April 13, 1905
Isaac M. Russell - April 30, 1907
Daniel R. Bulla - February 24, 1917
Edna P. Lyndon - July 1, 1918
Daniel R. Bulla - October, 1918
Joel Ashworth - September 18, 1889
P. 0. discontinued July 31, 1890 mail sent to SCIENCE HILL
TROYS STORE changed to LIBERTY January 9, 1884
John B. Troy - May 24, 1826 reappointed May 3, 1837
James W. Brower - June 15, 1855
Mrs. Sarah Ann Bane - January 22, 1866
Leonard Wright - December 2, 1873
P. 0. discontinued December 22, 1873 reinstated May 23, 1874
Leonard Wright - June 23, 1874
Thad L. Troy - January 12, 1876
Mrs. L. Jane Troy - January 31, 1876
TRINITY COLLEGE changed to TRINITY June 7, 1894
Martin S. Leach - February 15, 1859
Malcom Shaw - March 12, 1859
Mrs. Charity G. Shaw - November 6, 1865
Mrs. Cornelia Z. Leach - December 20, 1866
Amanda Leach - May 23, 1898
James J. White - May 8, 1906
Isaac R. Payne - April 9, 1914
Jesse L. Phillips - July 10, 1914
Allen B. Coltrane - December 11, 1930
Manly R. Moffitt - October 21, 1889
Irving T. Cox - June 26, 1908
Rupert H. Freeman - February 19, 1914
William Lassiter - November 3, 1840
P. O. discontinued July 8, 1844
Jesse Bray - June 13, 1836
P. 0. discontinued January 6, 1844
Lorenzo D. Leonard - December 20, 1893
P. 0. discontinued December 30, 1916 mail sent to BENNETT
Benjamin Brookshire - July 7, 1849
Erasmus B. Henly - January 20, 1866
Stephen Henly - May 7, 1867
Levi T. Branson - November 30, 1874
Ulysses T. Dawson - August 16, 1907
P. 0. discontinued April 17, 1908 mail sent to SEAGROVE
Josiah Presnell - October 8, 1860
P. 0. discontinued December 11, 1866 reinstated
Alfred L. Yow - April 25, 1877
Martin A. Cagle - May 23, 1892
Mamie S. Richardson - April 11, 1898
P. O. discontinued March 11, 1905 mail sent to SEAGROVE
William G. Long - March 14, 1882
Atlas G. Phillips - May 1, 1882
Thomas F. Albright - August 28, 1882
Z. T. Job - April 9, 1884
P. O. discontinued changed to LONGS MILLS June 2, 1884
reinstated June 27, 1884
Preston T. Coble - June 27, 1884
P. O. discontinued February 12, 1885 mails sent to Crystal, Guilford, Co.
Thomas C. Worth - December 19, 1882
Jesse L. Giles - October 8, 1884
Algerine M. Osborne - May 17, 1892
Jesse P. Aldridge - May 21, 1893
Isaac F. Trogdon - July 21, 1897
Daisey L. Osborne - May 5, 1903
Algerine M. Osborne - September 16, 1905
Myrtle Johnson - July 16, 1909
Jennie E. Winslow - January 11, 1913
Edward A. Nelson - December 4, 1916
Daisey L. Osborne - May 3, 1920
Algerine M. Osborne - June 12, 1921
Thomas J. Finch - April 29, 1891
P. 0. discontinued December 23, 1903 mail sent to TRINITY
Lisa Farlow carding cotton
Old Seagrove Christian Church
Seagrove Area Churches
Mt. Lebanon Baptist Church
A brush arbor was used for several years before the church was formally organized.
At that time it was known as Welch's, having derived its name from the local school. In
1890, E. }. and J. W. Strider gave land, and a frame church was erected. The original
building is still being used, but it has had several additions from time to time. It is an
attractive, well-kept structure situated at the cross roads of numbers 1109 and 1111.
Pastors who have served at this church are Reverend Martin Leach, R. W. Summey,
Lee Harris, Eli Lawrence, J. C. Edwards, John C. Kidd, D. C. Sullivan, Jimmy Edward, and
the present pastor is Ernest Mangum.
The Sunday School Director is Harold Strider and Merl Shaw serves as church Clerk
with June Overton assisting him. V. L. Callicutt is the Treasurer. The teachers and their
assistants are Jimmie Faye Odom, Emma Jane Callicutt, June Overton, Rachel Callicutt,
Merl Shaw, Lois Byrd, Loise Ledwell, Rabon Sellers, Ruth Hurley, Robert Byrd, Alvin
Shaw, and Arthur Hurley. Monteese Strider is the pianist, and Jean Strider is the
organist. The Church choir has been known through the years for the beautiful music
which they perform.
Mt. Olivet United Methodist Church
In 1813, the Reverend Enoch Spinks, a minister of the Erect Community of Randolph
County, gave 40 acres of land on which to construct Mount Olivet Methodist Episcopal
Church South, and on which to locate a cemetery. The first building was a modest one,
made of hand-dressed lumber, homemade nails and other indigenous materials. There
was no ceiling to the building, no lights, and no means for heating it. "During the summer,
camp meetings were held. Log sheds and tents housed the worshippers for two weeks.
Negro slaves accompanied them to do the cooking. They also were members of the
church, always sitting in the rear pews. For lighting the camp, pine knots burned on four
foot scaffolds, covered with dirt", according to a history compiled by Miss Mae Wrenn.
The original Mt. Olivet Church was located off the main road, and for this reason, plus
the need for a new building, it was decided in 1874 to build a new church on the public
road. Merritt Sugg gave one and three-fourths acres of land for the new church. The site
was adjacent to the Mount Olivet Academy and about one mile southeast of the original
Lumber for the second building was given by Alfred Brower. The original tract of land,
except for the cemetery plot, was sold, but burials continued in the original cemetery
long after the moving of the church. The cemetery is preserved today and is accessible
off Rural Pave Road 1002, between Erect to Why Not. It was not until 1913 that a new
cemetery was started at the new church site. Land for the cemetery was given by Lewis
Sugg, son of Merrit Sugg, who gave the Church site.
The second church building was a one-room structure and was erected with
hand-dressed lumber. The two 40-foot sills and the 19-foot corner posts were hand-hewed
and the two doors were handmade. Alfred Brower, who gave the lumber for the second
building, was a prominent citizen of the community, and it was in his honor that Brower
Township received its name. Brower operated Brower's Mill and Richland Mill and was
engaged in a number of business enterprises.
At the completion of the building (a year after its beginning), the dedicatory sermon
was preached by Dr. Braxton Craven, founder and president of Trinity College, which
later became Duke University. Miss Laura Brower Hoover, daughter of Alfred, was the
first organist for the new Church. She also was a Sunday School teacher and the first
president of the Missionary Society. Some of the early Sunday School Superintendents
were Mac McCoy, Charlie West, Rufus Brower, J. T. Wrenn, and L. 0. Sugg.
The first funeral to be held at the new Mt. Olivet Church was for Mrs. Mary Sugg
Tysor, who died in 1876. The first wedding was several years later uniting Miss Lydia
Brown and Jim Marley.
In 1926, it was decided to erect a new sanctuary in front of the second church building.
This new building was completed in 1929, and the old sanctuary was converted into four
classrooms. Dr. Gilbert Rowe of the Duke University School of Divinity preached the
In 1958, Mt. Olivet congregation decided to renovate the church building and to erect a
Fellowship Hall. A building committee composed of Clay Sugg, chairman; Charles
Teague, Edwin Wrenn, Aldie Hunter, Wayne Sugg, and Miss Golda Tyser,
secretary-treasurer, supervised the construction. The new Fellowship Hall, located
south of the Sunday School rooms and connected to the building by a covered, paved
walkway, consists of a large assembly room, a fireplace, kitchen and two restrooms. At
this same time, the church was given a new roof, a new steeple, sheetrock, painting and a
remodeling of the pulpit.
Dating back to 1874, the present Mt. Olivet Church includes one building constructed
in 1875, another in 1926, and the latest addition in 1960. A tower unit of chimes is being
installed at present.
The current pastor is Timothy Britten with Jack Sugg as Sect, and Treas. The Sunday
School Superintendent is Jewel Sugg and the Teachers are Mrs. Floyd Staley, Mrs. Jack
Sugg, Mrs. Charles Teague, Mrs. Ernest Teague, Jack Sugg, and Miss Mae Wrenn.
New Zion Memorial Association
After fifty two years of service New Zion Methodist Church discontinued as a
conference unit and organized a Memorial Association in 1964. The church was
organized in Rock Springs School in 1911 and erected a high frame structure in 1912.
Except for minor improvements the church retains its original appearance. The same
benches are there along with the bell in the belfry. The old organ which has existed
throughout the church's history is played at each annual meeting.
There were eight original members; Noah King, J. M. King, Alfred Cox, M. J. Presnell,
Elcany Graves, James Voncannon, J. W. Voncannon and M. C. Lowdermilk.
The land for the church and cemetary was given by M. J. Presnell. Alfred Cox, Noah
King and James Voncannon served as the building committee. D. O. King was the builder.
This was part of the Fair Grove (Why Not) circuit of eight churches which included
Fair Grove, Pleasant Hill, Seagrove, Love Joy, Flag Springs, New Hope and Macedonia.
Later, churches were changed from one circuit to another and New Zion was with Flag
Springs, New Hope and Pisgah.
Ministers who have served this church have been the Reverends J. H. Stowe, W. F.
Ashburn, W. M. Pike, J. W. Hulin, D. S. Garner, Rev. Laughlin, J. T. Hill, Oliver Hilliaid.
Following these were Rev. Pollard, Rev. Eubanks, Rev. Macon, Rev. Ricks and Rev.
History of Antioch Christian Church
Route 1, Seagrove, N. C.
By: Hilda M. Welborn
The Antioch Christian Church was organized October 7, 1885 by Rev. W. G. Brady. The
charter members were as follows:
Names of Males: Names of Females:
Lewis Brady M. A. Hayes
A. L. Needham Nancy A. Brady
D. B. Staley Rebecca Moffitt
W. N. Hayes Magie A. Needham
H. T. Wilson Lydia Craven
T. M. Brady S. F. Wilson
W. A. C. Brady Catherine J. Craven
Wm. Yow Margaret Needham
John T. Hayes Mary Brady
The organizer. Rev. Brady lived only a short time after organization and was
succeeded by Rev. W. W. Lawrence. It is not known where the first meetings were held
but there was an old schoolhouse nearby and it is believed they may have used it as a
In the records of June 19, 1886 the church selected a piece of land on which to build a
church house. The land was granted by John M. Fesmire. In later years more land was
granted by John H. Fox.
The next record about the building is January 21, 1888. The record reads: "Bro. T. M.
Brady said that he had so arranged the materials with parties for getting the church
house underway which was encouraging so far."
The records do not give the exact date the church house was completed but it does say
that on March 14, 1896 the building committee collected $7.97 for a stove which left a
balance of $1.25 for seating and ceiling the church house. And then on September 25,
1896 it was reported that the committee on the stove be allowed to spend the $1.25
balance on ceiling the house. This being the last mention of finishing the house it must
have been 11 or 12 years from time of organization to the time of completion of the church
The first church house was a wooden structure and stood just a short distance north of
where the present structure is located. It was torn down and a new house built in 1951
which was of brick structure. The educational building was added in 1969. The Church is
now in the planning stages of building a new auditorium with much needed seating
capacity to fulfill our needs. The new structure will be brick interior and exterior with a
cost of approximately $150,000.
Since organization the following pastors have served Antioch Christian Church:
Rev. William G. Brady Rev. J. W. Parker Rev. G. M. Talley
Rev. James A. Webster Rev. W. N. Hayes Rev. Winfred Bray
Rev. Henry A. Albright Rev. R. L. Williamson Rev. John Bowers
Rev. W. W. Lawrence Rev. T. E. White Rev. Garland Bennett
Rev. Benjamin L. Hayworth Rev. L. W. Fogleman Rev. Kenneth Ferree
Rev. J. R. Comer Rev. John Allred Rev. Robert Hunsucker
Rev. M. E. Hammer Rev. D. R. Moffitt Rev. Earlie Tucker
The present pastor is Rev. Ervin Nance.
The Antioch Christian Church has grown substantially during the past 91 years and we
pray that with God's help and guiding hand to grow not only in number but in the grace
and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and like the founders of our church to
be governed by one of the principals that were drawn up on their organization day that:
"Christ is the only head of the Church."
Another interesting entry in the first records of Antioch Christian Church is the
account of an earthquake which reads as follows:
..Terrible Earthquake on the night of the 31st day of August 1886 near the hour of 10
o'clock. The city of Charleston, S. C. and Summerville nearby a complete wreck of ruins.
The most severe earthquake known in the history of this country. The earth was cracked
open near Charleston and different kinds of sand spewed out of the earth. The court
house at Charlotte, N. C. is cracked and the Western North Carolina Rail Road Tunnel
has caved in and other land slides reported.
Let this be recorded in this church book as a history of a memorable day and time...
Pulps Memorial Church
Reverend Joseph B. Fulp felt led by God to establish a church in this area, so in 1941,
he, with the help of the community, built an arbor just north of the town limits. The arbor
was named Tabernacle. Later this area was enclosed, and it was heated by a large
drum. The building has since been remodeled, adding Sunday School rooms and a
furnace. It was brick veneered about 1965, at which time restroom facilities were added.
After the death of Rev. Fulp in 1967, the name of the church was changed to Fulp's
Memorial to honor the man who had worked with the people for over twenty-five years.
Mrs. Anna B. Fulp replaced her husband in the work since she was an ordained minister.
Rev. Morris Holmes has also served as pastor. Lay ministers have helped at various times
Acting pastor at present is James Alan Blackmon, who was called in 1975. L. H. Parks
serves as Sunday School Director, and his wife Betty serves as Secretary. Mrs. Fulp is
Treasurer with Margaret B. Blackmon assisting. Teachers are Alan Blackmon, L. H.
Parks, Nancy C. Blackmon, and Margaret B. Blackmon. Vicky Parks is the pianist.
Pleasant Hill Methodist Church
The church was built in 1929, but it was organized five years prior to this, and the
meetings had been held in a brush arbor and in the school. The date is remembered by
the members because Frank Cheek died in January of 1929, and his funeral was the last
rite performed in the old church. His brother Jesse Cheek died one month later, and his
funeral rites were the first to be held in the new building.
Reverend Elwood Jones is the present pastor of about fourty members. The Sunday
School Superintendent is Leonard Cheek and the secretary is Carol Cassidy. The
teachers are Lornia Spinks, Carol Cassidy and Agar Spinks.
Pleasant Hill United Methodist Church
On April 10, 1858, Mr. and Mrs. Emsley Lowdermilk gave two and one-half acres of
land on which to construct a church building. The land was situated near the old
Asheboro road, leading from southeast Randolph County to Asheboro. The church and
grounds are near the Seagrove-Coleridge road between Seagrove and Erect.
The church was named Pleasant Hill, presumably because it was located on a hill. The
first trustees were Stephen Richardson, James N. Cagle and David H. Pickett.
A frame building was erected in 1859, and Zachary Lineberry became the first
minister. An arbor, which was not uncommon for churches of that day, was built on the
grounds. Rock pillars were constructed on each side of this arbor and it was customary
for a fire to be built on top of them to give light during the worship services. Candles were
used in the pulpit. The charter members of the church were David Pickett, Emsley
Craven, Emsley Lowdermilk, Zimery Hancock and Eleazor Cox.
Class meetings were held in the church once a month. David Pickett was elected the
class leader in 1859 and held the position until 1867 when he moved to the West. Z. H. Cox
was elected to take his place. A book, with the names of the members of the church, was
known as the "Class Book". As each name was called from the book each person was
supposed to say a few words. They usually spoke of their Christian experiences and offer
asked for prayers that they would continue to live true Christian lives.
About 1867, a Sunday School was organized. Peter Beane was the first Sunday School
superintendent and Stephen Richardson was the assistant. The seven Sunday school
teachers were I. F. Hancock, Zimri T. Bird, J. W. Richardson, Mary E. Lowdermilk, Mary
J. Upton and E. Z. Richardson. No literature was available, so questions from the Bible
were dropped into a hat and each person drew one question to be answered on the
following Sunday. The "Blueback Speller" was used to teach the Primary Class.
On December 5, 1885, plans for a new church were presented and adopted by a
committee composed of Lemuel Spencer, Henry Beane, William Richardson, Calvin
Beane and Eli Richardson.
Pleasant Hill Arbor was sold in 1886 to James Cheek in return for 1,000 shingles and
487 feet of lumber which was worth about $500. The original frame building was sold to
S. R. Richardson and moved to his land. The foreman, W. C. Hanner, was paid $1 per day
and board. Work began immediately and the church was completed in August 1886, and
dedicated on November 7, 1886. When the church was completed private schools were
held there. Y. H. Cox was one of the first teachers.
A cemetery was started at Pleasant Hill in 1858, John Upton gave one acre of land and
the deed was recorded in 1871. The first trustees were Peter Beane, High Yow, Eleazor
Cox, John Lawrence, and W. W. Lawrence. The first burial was that of William Bird in
March, 1858. In 1932, S. R. Richardson gave one-fourth acre of land to the cemetery and
in 1964, Clarence, Clinton, Marie and Nell Richardson gave two-tenths of an acre. A brick
wall was built in front of the cemetery in the summer of 1971.
Among those buried in the cemetery is Lieutenant Jacob Laudermilch, a Revolutionary
War officer who distinguished himself in service. His remains were moved there from the
family cemetery, and his grave is appropriately marked by a plaque by the D. A. R.
A parsonage was built where the home of Lonnie A. King now stands. The Rev. J. H.
Stowe, during his first ministry to the church, 1893-95 moved into the parsonage before it
was finished, and with the help of Jefferson Auman and J. A. King, completed it.
About 1920 the members of Why Not Charge bought a house and lot in Seagrove for the
The Rev. J. W. Hulin was the first minister to live in this parsonage and it served as a
home for the ministers of the church until 1957.
About 1956. the Seagrove and Pleasant Hill Churches made plans to build a new
parsonage. A lot on the west side of Seagrove Methodist Church was chosen as the site.
The building committee included A. L. Ashburn, chairman; Jack McKenzie, Wade Harris,
John A. Craven, William A. Craven and C. B. Scott. The parsonage was occupied by the
Rev. H. T. Penry in 1957.
When the church was first organized, they used a cow's horn to call the people
together for service. Later John Upton gave a dinner bell. When the new church was built
a new bell was purchased.
Pleasant Hill was one of eight churches comprising Love Joy Methodist Protestant
Circuit. These were Fair Grove, Pleasant Hill, Mt. Gilead, Melon Grove, Flag Spring; New
Hope, Macedonia and Love Joy. One pastor served the eight churches. Each group of
churches had preaching once a month on the same Sunday, one at 11:00 a.m. and the
other at 3:00 p.m. There were two churches in a group. The pastor traveled by horse and
buggy. Every six months the time of services would alternate, giving each church a
morning service six times a year. Later the churches were changed from one circuit to
another. The present charges include, Seagrove, Pleasant Hill and Mt. Zion.
Superintendents who have served the Sunday School at Pleasant Hill have included
Peter Beane and Stephen Richardson, I. F. Hancock, S. R. Richardson, Walter Presnell,
William Staley, Tommy Beane, Causey Lowdermilk, Claude Hunt, Otis Yow, Bobby
Marsh, William A. Craven, William Richardson, and Linnie Brower, the present
superintendent. On February 28, 1950, the building plans for the new Sunday School
rooms and the remodeling of the church were presented and adopted by the members.
The building committee elected John A. Craven chairman and Mrs. Amos Hayes,
secretary-treasurer. She was later succeeded by Mrs. Malcolm Davis. John A. Craven
and Paul Parks were made foremen and R. G, Delk buyer. The finance committee
included Jewel Scott, Wendell Richardson, Claude Hunt, Mrs. John A. Craven, Charlie
Scott, and Clyde Davis.
There were a number of sizeable gifts and donations to the building program. Windows
to the wings were purchased by the Ina Sanders family, E. W. Dawkins family, R. W.
Hack family and Paul and Myrtie Parks. Doors to the wings were donated by the M. M.
Davis family. Memorial windows were donated by the High Yow family, Lonnie Beane
family, Alfred Lowdermilk family, Nancy Cox family, Henry Beane family, James
Lowdermilk family, Thomas Beane family, and Isreal family.
Donating pews were Iola and Idyl Lowdermilk, Martin Yow family, William Staley
family, Calvin Beane family, Causey Lowdermilk family, John A. Craven family, Ott Yow
family, W. T. Macon family, Wendell Richardson family, John Upton family, Abijah
Lowdermilk family and S. G. Richardson. The furniture for the pulpit was provided by the
children and grandchildren of Emsley Lowdermilk in his memory.
Those giving money, lumber, other materials, and labor included: Mrs. Tommy Beane,
Ebb Needham, Wendell Richardson, Clinton Richardson, Jimmy Scott, Walter Scott,
Malcolm Davis, Clyde Davis, Charlie Scott, Resal Craven, John A. Craven, Paul Parks,
Bob Delk, Claude Hunt, Ottis Yow. Linnie Brower, Amos Hayes, Wesley Hayes, Harwood
Graves, Grifton Brooks, Robert Bray, George Henry Spencer, Lewis Loggains, Donald Ray
Scott, Clyde Scott, Guy Scott, William A. Craven, Clayton Staley, Vernon Hayes, Lonnie
Beane, Mrs. Willie Sanders, Ivey Luck and Mrs. J. M. Davis.
In the fall of 1966, the church underwent another renovation program when Wilmer C.
Presnell donated brick to veneer the structure in memory of his mother and father.
In June, 1969, a dedication service was conducted to acknowledge the gift of
three-quarters of an acre of land to the church, and a memorial sign in memory of Mrs.
Pearl Richardson by four of her children, Clarence, Clinton, Nell and Marie Richardson.
Ministers who have served the church include: Zachary Lineberry, 1859-60; Isacc
Cow, 1861-62; Dr. Holton, 1863-65; J. W. Heath, 1866-69; W. C. Kennett, 1870-72; W. C.
Hanner, 1873-75; Henry Lewallen, 1876-78; J. W. Heath, 1879-81; W. C. Kennett, 1882-84;
James Dean, 1885-87; T. F. McCulloch, 1880-90; A. R. Hanner, 1891-92; J. H. Stowe,
1893-95; J. B. Betts, 1896; N. M. Modlin, 1897-98; W. D. Fogleman, 1899-01; W. C. Lassiter,
1902; G. H. Biggs, 1903-04; J. A. Ledbetter, 1905-09; J. H. Stowe, 1910-14; W. F. Ashburn,
1916-17; W. M. Pike, 1918-19; J. W. Hulin, 1920-24; D. S. Garner, 1925-27; J. B. Trogdon,
1928-29; W. H. Neese, 1930; J. W. Hulin, 1931-32; G. L. Reynolds, 1933-34; E. G. Cosan,
1935-38; J. H. Trollinger, 1939-41; James P. Hornbuckle, 1942; Henry I. Ridenhour, 1943;
Joseph S. Johnson, 1944-45; J. E. Cochran, 1946; G. B. Ferree, 1947; H. A. Forrester, 1948;
(succumbed and succeeded by J. P. Hornbuckle), John P. Kincaid, 1949-52; B. C. Adams,
1953; Herbert Clinard, 1954-55; James Cogdell, 1956; H. T. Penry, 1959-60; F. R. Loflin,
1961-64; Glenn F. Stevens, 1965-68; Everett Wright, 1969-73; Cleveland Duke, 1973-74; and
the present minister is Ted Kirk.
Community Baptist Church
Community Baptist Church, located on Brower Road south of Seagrove, began as the
annual memorial services at the Chriscoe Cemetery which is situated near the present
church, started when a slave of Hardy Chriscoe died before the Civil War and was
buried there later developing into a community grave yard. There are over 80 graves
Rev. M. D. Chriscoe, now deceased, was one of the last to preach at the gravesite. His
sister, Miss Beatrice Chriscoe, started holding services for the children in the community
at the home of Mattie Chriscoe. Adults became interested in the Bible Study group and
ask for classes to be conducted for them also. In the spring of 1957 a brush arbor was
erected on land donated by Henry Chriscoe. Rev. Wilbur Eaton was invited to speak to
this group. That fall the arbor was enclosed. It was named Community Missions at this
Bible studies were continued to be held after the church became fully organized in
1962. There were 14 charter members. The church is especially noted for its enthusiastic
youth. Rev. Wilbur Eaton remained with the church until August, 1964 when David
Chriscoe began serving. Rev. Dan Shore followed and then Bobby Inman. David Chriscoe
was called back a second time. The present pastor is Rev. Howard Moffitt.
In 1973 a beautiful new brick structure was completed and furnished at a cost of
$75,000. It consist of a sanctuary, seven class rooms, two rest rooms and a pastor's study.
The brick interior is complemented with wood paneling in the pulpit area and in the rear
of the church. Overhead ceiling of pine is supported by exposed beams. The floors have
wall to wall carpeting and the pews are upholstered. The land was donated by Curtis
Chriscoe son of Henry Chriscoe who provided for the old church.
Flag Springs United Methodist Church
A part of the South Randolph United Methodist Charge, Flag Springs Church is located
on road number 2803, approximately four miles north of Seagrove near Highway U. S.
220. The church was organized in 1839 as a result of a visit by a Methodist Protestant
circuit preacher, Olson Gray. The minister passed through the area, met a group of fox
hunters, preached to them, and promised to return in a year. The church is said to have
gotten its name from the quantities of wild blue flag flowers which grew at a nearby
Stephen Cole gave four acres of land for religious and educational purposes. Services
were first held in a log structure. In later years, the congregation occupied two frame
structures which preceded the present brick sanctuary that was completed in 1954.
The congregation launched a new building program in 1965 with plans for an
educational unit adjoining the sanctuary. The new structure contains 6,458 feet of floor
space and houses a large fellowship hall, kitchen and seven classrooms. Leonard
Richardson was chairman of the building committee. Serving with him were Clarence
Brown, Donna Ruth Brown, Garrett Garner, Harold Hammond and Sig Macon. The
building was completed and occupied during the pastorate of the Rev. David L. Baxter. In
1970, a modern new parsonage for the charge's minister and his family was completed
on Highway 134.
Included in the charge with Flag Springs Church are the New Hope and the Pisgah
United Methodist Churches. Flag Springs, the largest church of the charge and one of the
oldest Methodist Protestant churches in the area, has Sunday School each Sunday at
10:00 a.m. with worship service following at 11:00 a.m.
Kenneth Hall is chairman of the Administrative Board. Doug Mann is Lay Leader. Coy
Kiser is chairman of the Council of Ministries. Other church officers include Paul York,
Superintendent of the Sunday School; Mrs. Leonard Richardson, Treasurer; Kenneth
Hall, Choir Director; and Mrs. Lydia King, organist, pastor is Rev. Bryn Fox.
Flag Springs Church is now in the process of another building campaign. A new
sanctuary has been proposed in an area in front of the present sanctuary. Also included
in the building program is the renovation of the present sanctuary into offices and
The present membership of the church is 170. Church school enrollment is 205.
Hopewell Friends Meeting
Some 125 years ago a burying ground was started where the present cemetery at
Hopewell Friends Meetinghouse is located. A large number of people were buried there
before a church was erected.
Then, a man, by the name of Calhoun Voncannon, became concerned on the day of his
mother's funeral. The following day he started out with a petition to erect a church. The
petition was signed with enthusiasm.
On the 6th day of February 1885, Eli Branson gave 13 acres of land on which the
present church now stands. The land was deeded to Back Creek Monthly Meeting of
Friends, and the building of the church soon got underway with John Hammond and Levi
Branson as contractors.
Lee and Clark Hammond hauled the lumber, and other neighbors helped in whatever
way they could. When the building was completed, W. R. Ashworth and Calhoun
Voncannon said, they hoped it would do well. The church thereby got its name
The first Sunday School was held on the 6th day of May in 1885. Little River Sunday
School and Meeting, which was located about one and one-half miles south of there, was
united to Hopewell at this time.
By the year 1916, the Meeting felt that it was strong enough to support a Monthly
Meeting, therefore a request was made to the Southern Quarterly Meeting to set up a
Monthly Meeting. The Quarterly Meeting granted the request and appointed a committee
to set up the Meeting. The Meeting was set up from the Back Creek Meeting on the 27th
day of May in 1916 with 36 members.
Charles Johnson, a Friends Minister, drew the plan for the church and work began on
the 28th day of May in 1949. With a few exceptions, this church was paid for by
approximately 50 members in the space of one and one-half years. Truly we could say
with Nehemiah of old, "for the people had a mind to work".
At present there are approximately 100 members of Hopewell Friends Meeting. The
church is located eight miles southwest of Asheboro in close proximity to the new
Southwestern Randolph Senior High School.
The clerks of the Meeting have been: Roscoe Branson, Nell Hussey, Trilby Hammond
(who served three different periods), Homer Dawson, Jesse Dawson, Chloe Nance, Rosa
Dawson, Doshie Parks, Joyce Rose and Rebecca Hurley.
Pastors who have served the Meeting are Elwood Cox, John S. Tillman, Joseph Price,
Thomas F. Andrews, Calvin Gregory, John Permar, Edward Harris, Allie R. Kemp,
Charlie Lamar, Harrison Hinshaw, Norman Carter, Charles Johnson, Billy Britt, Fred
Morgan, Dallas Rush, Larry McEntire, Norman Osborne, and the present pastor, Odis D.
On September 20, 1967, the first home for the minister of Hopewell Friends Meeting
was completed and occupied by the Dupree family.
High Pine Wesleyan Church
High Pine Wesleyan Church, located in the Pisgah Community of Randolph County, was
organized on October 15, 1878, with 51 charter members. These members were William
Parks, Maranda P. Parks, Henry C. Williams, Sarah Jane V. Williams, James Callicutt,
Susan Callicutt, Eldridge Newson, Carolina Newson, Henry C. Lyon, Martha Lyon,
Ransom Vuncannon, Mary Vuncannon, Ranson Vuncannon, Nervy Ann Vuncannon,
Henry Hammond, Mary Hammond, Elwood Ledwell, Lewis Harvell, Sarah Harvell, Jane
Nelson, Mary J. Nelson, Martha Ann Nelson, Nancy J. Cooper, Mary A. Cooper, Elizabeth
Bell, Lina Luther, Francena Russell, Decy Floyd, Rebecca Chandler, Laura Chandler,
Mary Scarlett, Elizabeth Scarlett, Martha Jackson, Margaret Callicutt, Harvy Presnell,
Deborah Presnell, Martha Vuncannon, Vicy Luther, Marthishia Luther, Daniel
Voncannon, Fannie Voncannon, Flora Harvelle, Elizabeth Newson, Martha Williams,
Hannah Williams, Mary R. Williams, J. T. Williams, Wicny Vuncannon, and Linley
Voncannon. The first minister was T. F. Sechriest. The first place of worship was an old
arbor made of hewn logs. One-half acres of land each was given by Moses Hammon, L.
W. Voncannon and C. A. Voncannon. The present church building stands on this land.
When selecting a name for the new church, organized as a Wesleyan Methodist Church,
one gentlemen looked up at the high pines and suggested it be called "High Pine" because
of the pines in the church lawn.
The second church building was a small frame structure which was later torn down to
make way for the present new church building. In the fall of 1960, a Youth Building was
constructed behind the old church building. This was finished and occupied in January,
1961. Sunday School rooms were built in April, 1865, at the rear of the old church and the
old church structure was torn down in the spring of 1967. A new church was started in
July, 1967, under the leadership of the Rev. George D. Simmons.
Davis Luther served as chairman of the building committee. Serving with him were
Kenneth Trogdon, Jay Williams, Jesse Brown and Jerry Gray. They worked closely with
the builder, J. Hoyt Callicutt, also a member of the congregation.
The beautiful new sanctuary is attached to the education building. It is 36 feet wide
and 70 feet long and has a seating capacity of 300 people. Ten stained glass windows in
the auditorium and the front of the sanctuary were donated by members of the
congregation in memory of family members.
The first service in the new church was on October 22, 1967, with a formal
ribbon-cutting ceremony with Mrs. Nettie N. Brown, a member of the church for 54
years, doing the honors. Mrs. Brown passed away in December, 1967.
On January 15, 1968, the congregation borrowed $17,000 from Randolph Savings and
Loan Association. Within a few years all of the indebtedness was retired and a formal
note burning ceremony was held.
In 1968 new pews were purchased by different people. It was also in 1968 that the
name of the church was changed dropping the "Methodist" from the name with the
merger of the Wesleyan Methodist and the Pilgrim Holiness demoninations.
Pastors who have served the church are as follows: T, F. Sechriest, 1878; I. 0. Gray,
1897; L. L. Fogler, 1900; J. M. Merell, 1909; E. W. Jones, 1910-15; Bryant Lovin, 1915-18;
Clarence Brown, 1918-20; I. A. Rhinehart, 1920-21; E. W. Jones, 1921-23; R. Y. Putnam,
1923-25; J. C. Clubb, 1925-28; E. D. Packer, 1928-30; W. C. Lovin, 1930-31; Thomas Teasley,
1931-35; J. L. Bolen, 1935-36; J. C. Reynolds, 1936-38; Boyd C. Kistler, 1938-39; J. E. Shaw,
1939-40; E. W. Jones, 1940-41; Elb M. Fowler, 1941-43; V. J. Trogdon, 1943-44; Boyd C.
Kistler, 1944-47; Parnell Lewis, 1947-49; Earl Fisher, 1949-51; Leroy Cox, 1951-54; John
Moretz, 1954-60; C. E. Carroll, 1960-62; George D. Simmons, 1962-68; Harold D. King,
1968-70; Ralph Day, 1970-73; Hal Brown, 1973-74; Walter Phaup, 1975.
The History Of The Seagrove Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah God has always had his witnesses here on the earth to proclaim his will and
purposes. From righteous Abel to our own modern times, Jehovah's people continue
preaching the good news of God's kingdom, following the example of the greatest of
Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus Christ. (Matthew 28: 19-20) (Revelation 1:5)
Hebrews 11:4 through 12:1 gives a long line of faithful witnesses for Jehovah, including
Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David and to even Jesus' followers the first Christian
witnesses of Jehovah.
Paul foretold in (2 Thessalonians 2: 3-12) a falling away of true Christianity after the
death of the Apostles. Consequently it became necessary for Jehovah to raise up his
faithful witnesses in the modern times. This was not a new religion but as a climax to the
long succession of witnesses that he has had down through the past millenniums all the
way back to Abel. That is part of the purpose of Jesus Christ in this time of the end, to
lead his fellow witnesses of Jehovah in the final witness before the end of this wicked
system. (Matthew 24:14)
So in 1870 a group calling themselves "Bible Students" headed by Charles Taze Russell
of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania began to do extensive Bible research. (Daniel 12:4, 9 & 10)
In 1884 the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society was incorporated as a means of
furthering the witness work about Jehovah and his purposes. Its purpose is stated in
Article 2 of its charter. Quote: The purpose for which the corporation is formed is, the
dissemination of Bible truths in various languages by means of the publication of tracts,
pamphlets, papers and other religious documents, and by the use of all other lawful
means which its board of directors, duly constituted, shall deem expedient for the
furtherance of the purpose stated.
Then in 1931 in order to clearly establish themselves as Jehovah's Christian Witnesses,
they embraced that name. A name that God gave his faithful servants. Isaiah 43: 10-12 -
"You are my witnesses," is the utterance of Jehovah, "even my servant whom I have
chosen, in order that you may know and have faith in me, and that you may understand
that I am the same One. Before me there was no God formed, and after me there
continued to be none. I-I am Jehovah, and besides me there is no savior." "I myself have
told forth and have saved and have caused it to be heard, when there are among you no
strange god. So you are my witnesses," is the utterance of Jehovah, "and I am God."
As it was Jehovah's purpose for a great crowd to come into his earthly organization in
this time of the end, by 1934 the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society had Branch Offices
in 49 different countries and on every continent on earth. So the witness work was
spreading at this time in fulfillment of God's prophecy. (Mark 13:10)
This was true also in the central piedmont of North Carolina and thus eventually into
the Seagrove Area. In the late twenties and thirties, representatives of the Watchtower
Society began covering the Seagrove area, in the door to door visitation of people
discussing Bible subjects with them and leaving Bibles and Bible study aids with people
who were interested in furthering their Bible knowledge and understanding; of which
work Jehovah's Witnesses are well known all over the earth for.
Therefore about that time W. H. Tucker and Family obtained some books and
magazines from some one witnessing in this area. After reading and comparing it with
the Bible, they appreciated that it was the truth, but did not say very much about it as
most people were skeptical of the work of Jehovah's Christian Witnesses. Around 1937-38
a Fulton family from High Point came to the Tucker home offering them additional
literature on the Bible. These Bible truths were appreciated so much that a Bible Study
was started with the W. H. Tucker family who lived on the Old Burnie Road about two
miles west of Seagrove. In a very short while this weekly Bible study grew in attendance
to include several other families in the community, some of whom were the Oliver King
family, Claude Tucker family, Leon Tucker family, Percy Shelton family, Mark Spivey
family, and later the Nichols family and others who were interested in the Bible. As a
result of their Bible study, many of these soon began to see the need of sharing these
interesting Bible truths they were learning with their neighbors in fulfillment of Matthew
24:14 which says: "This good news of the Kingdom will be preached in all the inhabited
earth for a witness to all the nations, then the end will come." They learned among other
things that Jehovah God in times past has raised up witnesses to give special warnings in
times of judgement as described in Hebrews chapters 11-12.
As various ones continued to grow in their appreciation and understanding of God's
purposes, they dedicated their lives to Jehovah their God and symbolized it by water
baptism, thus becoming Christian witnesses of Jehovah.
As the group grew in numbers it was necessary to move the meeting place to the
up-stairs of the home of Oliver King which had been prepared for such meetings to give
more room. Later accomodations for meetings were rented over the Carolina Theater in
Asheboro for this growing group of Bible students until a meeting place could be built. In
1943 a Kingdom Hall was completed on Highway 705 south of Seagrove in the area known
as the Old Gap. This became the first Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses in the
Randolph, Montgomery, and Moore counties.
Since the work of Jehovah's Witnesses has always been carried out in an organized
way, the governing body of Jehovah's witnesses whose world headquarters is in
Brooklyn, New York, assigned the Seagrove Congregation Randolph and Montgomery
counties to cover in their door to door activity, telling their neighbors about the
establishment of God's Kingdom under Christ and the coming end of this system of things
in this time of the end.
With the establishment of the Seagrove Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses, 5
meetings each week was arranged at their Kingdom Hall for further Bible education and
training which the public was invited to attend and benefit from also.
As a result of the diligent work of Jehovah's Witnesses in this area there was a need
for larger and more convenient meeting facilities to care for the growing interest. In
1953-54 property was purchased on Highway 220 north of Seagrove from the Seagrove
Lumber Company, and a new Kingdom Hall was completed. Later as the work continued
to progress there again was the need to enlarge the Kingdom Hall and its facilities at its
Through the years since the establishment of the Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses
in Seagrove in 1943 there have been other congregations that have been established in
surrounding areas of which was a partial result of the deligent work of the Seagrove
With the beginning of the preaching and teaching work of Jehovah's Witnesses in this
area during the late twenties and early thirties Jehovah's Christian Witnesses have
enjoyed repeatedly calling on the homes of most if not all people in Randolph,
Montgomery and Moore counties sharing with them the marvelous truths pertaining to
God's established Kingdom and his new Order of righteousness that he purposes to usher
in the near future. Many people in the Seagrove area have been very receptive and
hospitable to Jehovah's Witnesses as they call at their homes. Thousands on thousands of
Bibles and Bible literature have been left with people in this area through the years to
assist them to learn more about the Bible.
At present the Seagrove Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses has associated with it
about seventy witnesses who share regularly in the door to door preaching and teaching
activity. Their meeting attendance at present range from 70 to 150.
As the time of the end of this wicked system of things nears its end culminating in a
great tribulation foretold by Christ Jesus the Chief Witness of Jehovah God foretold at
Matthew 24:21. Jehovah's Witnesses continue to call and encourage all people who have
good hearts to take their stand for God and His Kingdom which will mean life for those
who faithfully do so. As in Seagrove, also all over the world in more than 210 lands and
islands of the sea, Jehovah's Witnesses are busy in their Bible education work. There is
upward of 2,500,000 active witnesses in more than 39,000 congregations all over the
earth with a third of the present witnesses becoming such in the last five years. All of this
taking place at a time when nominal religious organizations have been at a stand still or
even at a decrease in church attendance.
Truly we are seeing the fulfillment of Isaiah 60:22 where it was foretold: "The little one
himself will become a thousand, and the small one a mighty nation, I Myself, Jehovah,
shall speed it up in its own time."
So with the help of God's holy spirit, Jehovah's Christian Witnesses in Seagrove will
continue to serve their heavenly Father faithfully along with their fellow worshippers
earth wide. Therefore we will continue to call at people's homes as well as in public
places and lovingly aid people to learn of their Creator in order for them to gain life
Why Not Memorial Association
Why Not Memorial Association was organized about the year 1859, and was erected
on the historical plank road close to where the Seagrove School now stands. The
structure was built of logs and was first called Auman's Chapel because Martin Auman
had furnished the logs; when it became a regular church, it was named Mt. Moriah, and
Zachary Lineberry was the first preacher. After this building was burned during the
Civil War, services were temporarily held in a building on the property of A. L. Yow near
the present residence of his descendant Worth Yow. Later, services were held in an
arbor, which was not uncommon for churches in that day. The arbor was built on the
grounds where the present church stands. Rock pillars were constructed on each side of
this arbor on top of which it was customary for a fire to be built to give light during the
worship services, while candles were used to light the pulpit.
In 1870, Mr. and Mrs. William Tucker donated land to build a church. It was erected
under the supervision of Martin Auman, Henry Auman, Silas Presnell, William Tucker
and others. The church was named Fair Grove because of its location in a grove of oak
trees where the ground was covered with glossy stones and the surrounding scenery was
beautiful. Men from miles around gave of their time to erect the church. The timber for
the building was cut from the farm of Martin Auman and hauled by his two sons,
Jefferson and Alson, to a mill at Sugg Creek where it was sawed into lumber. The
material for the ceiling was dressed by hand. Benches were used as pews until the
completion of the church in 1871 when regular pews were added. Some men, such as A.
L. Yow, made their own pews and always sat in it during services. The last window was
installed in the church on a Saturday in September of 1871, and James P. Boroughs
started a private boarding school there on the following Monday. Other furnishings for
the interior of the church were added from time to time like the first wood-burning stove
which had a drum-like apparatus on top that provided hours of warmth. Mrs. Lydia
Auman took pride in keeping the stove polished and shining as long as she lived.
The first pastor here was Rev. W. C. Kennett (1870-72). Among the leaders at this time
were E. L. Spencer, A. L. Yow, J. W. Trogden, Henry Yow, J. A. King, and Jefferson
Auman. This building served the community for almost thirty years (until 1900)
throughout which time the Conference requirements were met as well as most churches
of its size.
The Sunday School which was held only six months of the year was organized in 1867.
The earliest superintendents were Dr. F. E. Asbury, E. L. Spencer, and J. W. Trogden.
Serving later were Graham Spencer, Pater Vuncannon, J. H. Spencer, M. A. Cagle, J. A.
Monroe, C. E. Stuart, H. D. Smith, Mrs. C. E. Stuart, L. A. King, M. C. Auman, J. E. King,
and E. W. Auman. The following names are recorded as those taking part in the
programs: Silas Presnell, A. L. Yow, Edmund Tucker, Eleazer Cox, Noah Richardson, J.
W. Trogden, Jefferson Auman, Lydia Auman, Mary Anne Lowdermilk Cox, Elma Cox,
Susannah Auman, Martitia Yow, Lou Tucker, Letha Vuncannon, H. J. Cox, Sarah C. Cox,
Delano Tucker, William Tucker, and Sarah Presnell. Letha Vuncannon used the Blue
Speller in teaching the primary class. No other literature was available so questions
about the Bible were dropped into a hat from which each would draw one to be answered
by the following Sunday when Prof. G. A. Garner taught the adult class and gave reviews
of the Sunday School lessons.
About 1893, a parsonage was built just across the road from the church where the
home of Lonnie A. King now stands. The Rev. J. H. Stowe in his first ministry to the church
(1893-95), moved in before the house was finished, and he, with the help of Jefferson
Auman and J. A. King, completed it. This parsonage was sold in 1915 and later it burned
About 1900, a new church building was started. The old church building was sold and
the pews were purchased by the boarding school. Services were held in the school while
the new church was under construction. W. D. Fogleman was the pastor; "Billy" Page
was treasurer of the building fund, and others who helped were J. H. Spencer, Noah
Richardson, M. A. Cagle, Jefferson Auman, Charles E. Stuart, L. A. King, James A. King,
and Prof. J. P. Boroughs. Some of the pianists were Mrs. Etta Auman Austin, Mrs. Ethel
Biggs Trogden (daughter of the Rev. G. H. Briggs), Mrs. Mabel Stuart Cox, Mrs. Mary
Lilly Marshall, Marjorie Alexander, and Dorothy Lilly Brown. A few years later some
sections of the church interior were divided by curtains into areas where adult Sunday
School classes met, and two small classrooms were partitioned off for the primary and
This church was one of eight comprising the Love Joy Methodist Protestant Circuit.
Divided into pairs they were Fair Grove and Pleasant Hill, Mt. Gilead and Milton Grove,
Flag Springs and New Hope, Macedonia and Love Joy. One pastor took care of the eight
churches. Each pair of churches had preaching once a month on the same Sunday, one
service being at 11:00 a.m. and the other at 3:00 p.m. Every six months, the time of the
services would alternate giving each church a morning service six times a year. Later the
churches were changed from one circuit to another, and the circuit in which Fair Grove
was located was called Flag Springs for a time. Then Flag Springs was added to the
Richland Circuit, and Fair Grove became part of the Why Not Circuit. When Seagrove
Methodist Church was built in 1932 (about one and one-half miles to the north), Fair
Grove Church no longer held regular services. The circuit then became known as
The ministers who served from 1859-1935 were Zachary Lineberry (Mt. Moriah), 1859;
Civil War - no minister; J. W. Heath, 1866; W. C. Kennett, 1870-72; W. C. Hanner, 1873;
Henry Lewallen, 1875; Joseph Causey, date uncertain; W. C. Kennett, 1882-84; James
Dean, 1885-87; T. F. McCulloch, 1880-90; A. R. Hanner, 1891-92; J. H. Stowe, 1893-95; J. H.
Betts, 1896; N. M. Modlin, 1897-99; W. D. Fogleman, 1899-1901; W. C. Lassiter, 1902; G. H.
Biggs, 1904; J. A. Ledbetter, 1905-09; J. H. Stowe, 1910-14; none in 1915; W. F. Ashburn,
1916-17; W. M. Pike, 1918-19; J. W. Hulin, 1920-24; D. S. Garver, 1925,26,28; J. B. Trodgen,
1927-29; W. H. Neese, 1930; and G. L. Reynolds, 1933-35.
In May 1936, W. Carson King took the initiative to form a group for the purpose of
perpetual upkeep of the Fair Grove Church and cemetary, and in 1952, the Methodist
Conference deeded the church property to the Why Not Memorial Association. In 1956, a
monument was erected by the association in honor of two men who did so much for the
community in the field of education; Prof. James P. Boroughs, who erected a school
building a short distance from the church, and taught from August 1, 1893 until 1900, and
Prof. George F. Garner who succeeded him and formed what is known as the Why Not
Academy and Business Institute. This was a prosperous co-ed boarding school to which
students came from miles around. In 1910, the enrollment was 132. It is recalled that
male students occupied a building or dormitory near the home of Prof. Garner and kept
what might be termed "batchelor's quarters". The female students either boarded with
families in the community or rented rooms in exchange for light housekeeping. Tragedy
came in 1913 when Prof. Garner contracted measles from which he did not recover. Then
in the spring of 1915, the building was completely destroyed by fire.
A yearly Memorial meeting is held the first Sunday in May when old friends meet with
former residents and former students to recall the times shared at Fair Grove Methodist
Church and the Why Not Academy.
Whispering Pines Presbyterian Church
On the night of November 25, 1960, Mrs. George Clark and Mrs. Ed Haywood of the
Ulah community near Asheboro visited the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Neely, members
of Dogwood Acres Presbyterian Church, with an urgent request for help in establishing a
Presbyterian Church in the Ulah community.
The Rev. Charles G. Fitzpatrick, pastor of Dogwood Acres, and members of the session
decided that the request should be carried before the Church Extension Committee of
Orange Presbytery. Rev. Fitzpatrick and members of his congregation visited homes in
the Ulah communtiy during the next few months, and on the evening of May 21, 1961, the
first service was held in the Ulah Community Building.
Rev. Fitzpatrick met with the Church Extension Committee several times concerning
the work in the Ulah community, and it was he who laid the groundwork for the new
In December, 1963, Rev. David Blue accepted a call from Dogwood Acres Church, and
the work at Ulah became a part of his call. During a meeting on May 21, 1964, with
representatives from Dogwood Acres Church, the group from Ulah and a committee from
Church Extension, it was recommended that a survey of the Ulah community be made.
The young people of Dogwood Acres Church undertook the survey. The outcome resulted
in a challenge gift of $10,000 to the Ulah group from Orange Presbytery as a start toward
a church building.
In the fall of 1964, the Ulah Chapel was the recipient of a church extension offering in
Orange Presbytery with $3,700 contributed, including a gift of $400 from William Owen
Cooke, chairman of Church Extension, and Mrs. Cooke.
Whispering Pines Church was accepted by Orange Presbytery on January 21, 1965, in
Siler City, and Whispering Pines Presbyterian Church was organized on Sunday
afternoon, March 7, 1965, with a 3:00 p.m. service in the old Ulah School building, where
services had been held since May, 1961.
Charter members of the church are: Mrs. Allen Carthell Chriscoe, Fincher Loflin, Mrs.
Fincher Loflin, Ricky Loflin, Joe Loflin, Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Dickinson, David Clark, Floyd
E. Parks, Mr. and Mrs. George Clark, Miss Sharon Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Mabe, Mr.
and Mrs. Emmett Rich and Mrs. Nina Whatley Dickinson, all by transfer from other
churches; and Mrs. David Clark, Floyd Parks, Allen Carthell Chriscoe, Miss Wanda
Louise Chriscoe and Dennie Allen Chriscoe, all by profession of faith and baptism.
George W. Clark was elected as church treasurer and Jerry Dickinson became
superintendent of the Sunday School with Floyd Parks as secretary-treasurer of the
Sunday School was started on August 1 with the following teachers: Mrs. Ralph
Whatley, Adults; Mrs. Ramona Parks, Juniors; Mrs. Diana Dickinson and Mrs. Peggy
Clark, Kindergarten and Primary. The first Vacation Bible School was held in July, 1965.
Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Mabe donated a lot adjacent to their home on Highway U. S. 220
and ground breaking services were held on Sunday, March 27, 1966, under the
leadership of a building committee composed of Mr. Mabe, George Clark and Jerry
Dickinson. Tom Osteen of J. J. Croft, Inc. was the designer of the building which cost
approximately $35,000. A month following occupancy of the new building, on August 28,
1966, the cornerstone was laid at which time announcement was made of many special
gifts to the church. The church was formally dedicated, debt-free, less than a year later
with services on Sunday, August 6, 1967. Highlight of the occasion was a note-burning
ceremony by the pastor, Rev. David F. Blue, the Rev. Fitzpatrick, the organizing pastor,
and members of the building committee.
The present church building, situated in a grove of pines, is the first of three planned
units of the church and includes four classrooms, a small auditorium, kitchen and two
The Rev. Blue has continued as pastor of the church as well as pastor of Dogwood
Acres Presbyterian Church in Asheboro.
Historic bricks included in the building are from Jamestown (1637), the oldest church
in the thirteen colonies; St. Thomas Episcopal Church, founded 1699, built 1734; Old Rock
House in Stokes County, 1725; and First Presbyterian Church of Asheboro, 1850.
Gifts to the Whispering Pines Church have been many with virtually all furnishings,
memorial windows and other items being donated by church members or friends.
Why Not Wesleyan Church
Persons interested in forming the Why Not Wesleyan Church first met in the home of
Mr. and Mrs. Johnny Allen in Seagrove for a prayer service and to discuss where and
when to have services. After two meetings in the home of Rev. and Mrs. M. M. Holmes on
Route 1, Sophia, on the fourth Sunday in February, and the first Sunday in March, 1970,
the group moved into the old Fairgrove Methodist Church building at Why Not. They
worshipped there until they entered their new building on September 20, 1970. The
building was contracted and built by Mr. Wayne Wright on the two acres of land that he
donated to the church.
The beautifully designed brick structure, fully air conditioned and electrically heated,
consists of a sanctuary, four classrooms, a nursery, lounge, and two restrooms. The pews
in the sanctuary are finished in light African mahogany and are constructed with red
upholstery in the seats and backs. The wall-to-wall carpeting in the sanctuary is also in
Organization of the church was effected on October 11, 1970, with thirty-one charter
The officers of the church are: The Rev. M. M. Holmes, pastor; Mrs. Barbara Luther,
secretary; Gary Miller, treasurer; Lawrence Yow, Sunday School superintendent;
Harold Thompson, Sunday School secretary; Johnny Allen, trustee; David Pardue,
trustee; and Mrs. Juanita Yow, trustee.
Sunday School is conducted each Sunday at 10:00 a.m. with the worship service at 11:00
a.m. Prayer meeting is held at 7:30 p.m. each Wednesday evening, and the Christian
Youth Crusaders (CYC) meets each Wednesday evening at 6:30 p.m.
The thirty-four members of the church are as follows: Rev. and Mrs. M. M. Holmes, Mr.
and Mrs. Johnny Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Bobby Luther, Mr. and Mrs. Gary Miller, Mr. and
Mrs. Lee Voncannon, Mr. and Mrs. David Pardue, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Yow, Mr. and
Mrs. Harold Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Wright, Mrs. Dale Yow, Mrs. Colon
Presnell, Mrs. Fannie Bowman, Mrs. Leon Yow, Mrs. Josephine Willard, Mrs. Iris Willett,
H. B. Yow, Jeanie Yow, Neta Yow, Ann Allen, Tim Allen, Jackie Willard, Michael
Thompson, Rev. and Mrs. C. E. Apple, and Robin Pardue, junior member.
Union Grove Christian Church
On September 22, 1866 a group of people met and organized a Christian Church. They
decided to call it Union Grove because of the unity in love of the people and because of
the beautiful grove in which the church was situated on road number 2845 in Grant
Township. The 31 charter members were: Collin Scott, Tommy G. Craven, B. S. Scott,
William W. Lawrence, R. F. Brown, Adam Brown, Eli C. Brown, William Brown, Ira C.
Brown, S. J. Craven, F. M. Wiggins, J. M. Luck, Stephen Lowdermilk, Betsey Scott, Mrs. T.
G. Craven, Cynthie Scott, Mrs. Adam Brown, Lutittia Brown, Levinia Brown, Mrs. F. M.
Wiggins, Nancy Luck, A. J. Craven, and John Scott. The first officers were: John S.
Lawrence, Presiding Elder; T. G. Craven, Chairman; J. A. Scott, Secretary; W. W.
Lawrence, Adam Brown, and S. H. Way, Deacons. The first Church Conference was held
September 14. 1867.
The date of the first church building is indefinite. It stood near the place where the
present building now stands. We have been told that the church was a two story building
with a Mason's Lodge upstairs, all of which was totally destroyed by fire. A man, who
had disobeyed the laws of the lodge, was seen somewhere near the church just before it
was discovered to be burning. It was thought that he probably set the fire, but no proof
could be found.
After this an arbor was built, just West of the present building. There is no record as to
when exactly the arbor was built, but the record does state that on September 30, 1893, it
was decided to sell the arbor. It was purchased by E. F. Cagle, and some of the timber is
now part of the barn on the farm of Rassie Cagle. In that same year, a new church
building was begun.
In 1938, four Sunday School rooms were built and other repairs were made. In 1948,
the interior of the church was remodled, and new pews and carpet were added. The bills
were all paid on the completion of the project. The entire structure was brick-veneered in
1951-52, a vestibule was added, repairs and painting were done to the exterior, and
stained glass windows given as memorial gifts, replaced the old panes. The Fellowship
Hall was completed in 1956.
On December 31 , 1960, it was voted to join the United Church of Christ in a combination
of the Congregation Christian and the Evangelical Reform Church. The parsonage was
erected in 1966. Today the membership stands at 110.
The pastors who have served the Church are: Revs. J. S. Lawrence, J. R. Holt, W. R.
Brown, P. P. Humble, S. H. Way, John A. Scott, J. W. Patton, P. T. Way, M. E. Hammer, C.
C. Peal, J. R. Comer, R. L. Williamson, T. E. White, T. J. Greene, L. W. Fogleman, John
Alfred, H. V. Cox, Glenn Craven, Carl Brady, John Q. Pugh, Clyde Fields, B. H.
Lowdermilk, Winfred Bray, Bill Joyner, Billy Joe Willett, A. Avery Brown, Lacy Presnell
(supply), and Jimmy J. Norred. Deacons who have served are: Adam Brown, S. H. Way, J.
A. Scott, E. C. Phillips, H. F. Way, S. S. Cox. E. F. Cagle, William Hobson, O. P. Brown,
Oscar Brown, D. C. Brown, D. E. Beane, C. A. Byrd, E. E. Brown, A. M. Newell, W. W.
Brown, J. A. Wright, J. H. Ferree, Everett Cagle, Wade Brown, Paul Tedder, Paul Johnson,
Arlen Coble, Van Brown, J. L. Lawson, Edward Cagle, Paul Wilson, Harvey Allen, Fred
Will, Billy Morrison and Donald Johnson. The present minister is C. L. (Homer) Frye.
Seagrove United Methodist Church
In 1922, the Methodist and Baptist churches were organized in Seagrove. On January
13, of that year, the two churches purchased an abandoned two-room schoolhouse and
lot for four hundred dollars. The building was just south of Carl E. King's residence. For a
number of years the building was used as a Community Sunday School, using Methodist
and Baptist literature in alternate quarters. Church services were sometimes conducted
by visiting preachers of Baptist Churches and the pastor of the Why Not Charge
(Methodist). In the fall of 1931, S. G. Richardson was elected Superintendent of the
Sunday School and served until 1945.
In October of 1932, the Methodist Protestant Church was organized under the
leadership of Reverend John Julin, pastor of the Why Not Charge. There were 13 charter
members: Mrs. Nettie Allen, Noah Williams, Mrs. Jewel Williams, Mrs. Cora Johnson, L.
A. King, Mrs. L. A. King, James King, Mrs. C. E. King, Mrs. Doris King Auman, H. D.
Smith, Mrs. H. D. Smith, James Walker, and Mrs. James Walker.
In February, 1933, the Methodist Church purchased from the Baptists their interest in
the building being used. For that year the church adopted the following budget: World
Service, $10.00; College Assessment, $8.00; General Fund, $10.00- Superannuate Fund,
$1.00 and Pastor's Salary, $75.00; totaling $104.00.
In March, 1933, the building was sold; a tent was purchased and used until the fall of
that year. Dr. D. J. Johnson then furnished a small house near his own residence.
On August 6, 1933, the members voted unanimously to build a brick church with
Sunday School rooms. At that time, there were only 17 members, including children. The
following building committee was appointed: S. G. Richardson, Chairman; Dr. D. J.
Johnson, and James Walker. Noah Williams and L. A. King were co-chairmen of a
committee to solicit funds for building. Mrs. Jewel Williams was elected secretary and
After considering available lots, the one where the church presently stands was
chosen. This lot was given by Mrs. Francenia Yow and family in memory of the late
Henry Yow, who now rests near the church.
The building committee purchased materials and employed Leland Cagle of Biscoe as
foreman of the work. On October 16, 1933, the first brick was laid. There was a constant
supply of materials and workers. The official cornerstone was laid on Sunday, November
26, 1933. Dr. H. M. Andrews, President of the North Carolina Conference of the Methodist
Protestant Church, was in charge. He was assisted by Reverend George Reynolds,
On February 17, 1934, the basement, seven Sunday School rooms, and a pastor's study
were completed. The work was accomplished by 17 members through constant unity,
cooperation, faith, and prayer. A supper, with more than 200 attending, was held in the
basement and Sunday School Department until May 15, 1935, when the auditorium was
completed. Dedication ceremonies of the church were held on April 11, 1943.
About 1935, the Why Not Charge was divided, forming the Seagrove Love Joy Charge
and the South Randolph Charge. The Seagrove Love Joy Charge included Love Joy,
Macedonia, Seagrove, and Why Not Churches. Later, the charge was again divided. The
Seagrove Charge included seagrove. Why Not, and Pleasant Hill Churches. Later Mt.
Zion Church was added to these. The Charge presently included Seagrove, Pleasant Hill,
and Mt. Zion Churches.
In 1957, the church made plans to build a new parsonage. The lot on the west side of
the church was chosen as the site. The building committee included: A. L. Asburn,
chairman. Jack McKenzie, and Wade Harris, from Seagrove Church and John A. Craven.
William A. Craven, and C. B. Scott from Pleasant Hill Church.
The ground-breaking for the parsonage was held the second Sunday in March, 1957.
The pastor's family was able to move into the parsonage four months later, on July 4.
Pastors of the church have included: Rev. John Hulin, 1932; Rev. George L. Reynolds,
1932-34; Rev. E. G. Cowan 1934-38; Rev. James H. Trollinger 1938-41; Rev. James P.
Hornbuckle, Jr. 1941-43; and a short time in 1947; Rev. Henry I. Ridenhour, 1943-44; Rev.
Joseph S. Johnson. 1944-45; Rev. J. Ed Cochran, 1945-45; Rev. G. B. Ferree 1946-47; Rev. H.
A. Forrester, 1947; Rev. John P. Kincaid, 1948-52; Rev. Bill Adams 1952-53; Rev. Hubert
Clinard. 1953-55; Rev. James Cogdell, 1956; Rev. H. T. Penry, 1956-60; Rev. Foster Loflin
1960-64; Rev. Glenn Stevens, 1964-66; Rev. Thomas F. Prichard, 1966-68; Rev. Everette
Wright, 1969-1973; and Rev. Cleveland Duke 1973-1975; and the present minister Rev. Ted
Antioch Baptist Church
This church was established as a Mission in 1954 forming into an organized body of the
Baptist Association in 1955. A small church was built on land donated by Ray King
located on Rainbow Park Road, three miles north of Seagrove. The church was recently
remodeled increasing the Sunday School rooms and the auditorium.
Pastors who have served Antioch Baptist Church include the Reverends Hubert
Bennett, Ollie Brim, Frank Settlemire, and the present pastor Rev. Clyde C. Dawkins.
Charter members included Ollie Brim, Fentres Freeman. Tom Maness, Marvin Garner,
Lillie Mae Craven, Zeolia Freeman, George Poole, Bernice Poole, Missie Kennedy, and
They have an average Sunday School attendance of 70 persons. Lillie Mae Craven
serves as church clerk. Sunday School Superintendent is Charles Loflin and teachers are
Junior Bailey, Joseph Loflin, Ruth Brim, Sue Dawkins, Juanita Loflin and Susan Swaney.
Trinity Wesleyan Church
Trinity Wesleyan Church organized from the results of a tent meeting held in 1950 in
the yard of B. F. Beck. This was the father of Rev. Wilton Beck who conducted the revival.
There were fourteen charter members who built the first church on land donated by Bill
In 1970 officials of the church met with the conference asking permission to borrow
$20,000 with which to construct a new church structure. In less than seven months the
new brick building was completed. It consist of a sanctuary, four Sunday School rooms
and rest room facilities. There are upholstered pews and carpeted floors in the
A. F. Davis, a member of the congregation, was the contractor of the work which
amounted to only $27,000. In 1975 they held their note burning at which time this church
was completely free of building debts.
Rev. Wilson Goins is present pastor of Trinity Wesleyan Church. Mrs. Jerry Davis,
Clifford Chriscoe and Roy Chriscoe are trustees and Mrs. A. F. Davis is church clerk.
Strieby Congregational United Church of Christ
The origin of the Strieby Congregational United Church of Christ grew out of a more
organized religious freedom of worship about the time slavery was abolished. The first
worship services were held in the "Rocky Branch School House" owned by the Quakers.
Soon the Quakers moved to a new location and gave the building to the new worshipers.
This became the first school and church building for Negroes in the county and possibly
the first in the state. One of the students of this school, Isac Walden (an ex-slave of mixed
parentage) was sent to Hampton, Va. to school by his master and father.
In the meantime ex-slaves began to wander from their slave huts, in search of a place
to live. Chief among those in the venture were Uncle Ned and Priscilla Hill (most known
as Granny Prissy). They were the Great Grandparents of our senior deacon, Mr. Author
Hill. They and many other Hills chose to settle in the surrounding area of the present
church. Because there were so many, and only Hills, the area was called "Hill Town."
Because of many available jobs in the gold mines and in the Federal Distillery nearby,
the community grew as people moved in to buy land and settle. By this time Isac Walden
completed his studies at Hampton, Va. and returned home as a minister.
Dr. Strieby and his evaluation team for school and church sites were attracted to the
area because of the rapid population growth. He immediately decided the community
needed a church and a two-teacher school. He and Rev. Walden and his team moved with
the tempo of the community to build a church. A Mr. and Mrs. Lassiter, owners of the
land, deeded 6 acres of land to Dr. Strieby for the church and school site. The news
spread rapidly. Men and women gathered from every direction to plan for the building. A
two-wheeled ox cart hauled six huge rocks for the foundation. Logs, lumber and service
were given. The weather boarding for the 60' x 30' building was finished by hand, mostly
by our late Uncle Julius Hill.
The people were endeared to Dr. Strieby for his great contribution of untiring work
and financial help. They asked that the church be called "Strieby" Congregational
Church. Soon a Post Office was set up for the community and called: Strieby, North
Carolina. The church also served as a two-teacher school until 1905, when a school was
built, and Rev. Isac Walden and his wife were the first minister and teachers of the
Down through the years, well trained ministers and their wives, spiritually and
educationally continued to come to us. Their leadership was highly respected and
accepted by the parents, who saw to it that their children took advantage of the
opportunities they had been denied.
Just when the plans were being completed to advance the church school to Garfield
Academy, the gold mines became exhausted and the distillery closed forcing the
laborers to return to their land for a living. The children grew and sought education and
employment elsewhere. Eventually many families sold out and moved or simply died out.
Thus the change came, leaving a precious few, strong in their religious convictions and
determined in this effort, that Strieby Congregational United Church of Christ will never
die. That she will stand through the ages, as long as the years of her past, as a historical,
religious and educational landmark, reaching out through her children of many
generations, to all mankind.
Union Grove Baptist Church
The cornerstone of the present church states that the church was organized in 1885
and rebuilt in 1946. However, the first record in the original minutes reads as follows:
"This is to certify on Monday after the third Sunday in September, 1887, Elder J. L. Smith
and T. M. Bladwin met as a presbytery at the Union Grove Meeting House and proceeded
to the examination of members dismissed from the Baptist Church at Fork Creek with a
view of organizing a separate independent Baptist Church. Having found them sound in
the faith of doctrine and principles of the gospel, in due form constituted them as a
regular church of the Baptist faith and as such, they are vested with full authority to
maintain discipline and all necessary business independent of the control of any and all
churches." Thus. Elder J. L. Smith, an old soldier, came to be the first pastor of the
Meeting House. Then M. J. Leach was called to be the pastor in 1887 when the church
was organized. In 1889, Rev. D. R. Sears was called as pastor, serving for ten years. In
1899 Rev. J. L. Smith was called and in 1900 Rev. W. H. Strickland became pastor. In 1905
the Rev. T. P. Tucker came to serve the church. In 1906 the Rev. J. L. Smith was called
again and served until his death in 1909. Then Rev. J. R. Phillips came to replace Rev.
In 1911 Rev. W. H. Strickland was called again for the second time; in 1914 Rev. J. H.
Vipperman served; and in 1920 Rev. W. H. Strickland served agc.in for ,he :hiid time. On
October 8, 1922 Rev. John Kidd became pastor of the church. For his first sermon he
preached on "Behold my Mother and Brethern," Jesus said, "Matt. 1:49-50. Where your
treasury is there will your heart be also." Rev. Kidd was pastor for sixteen years. In 1938
Rev. George Wallace was pastor, and in 1940 he resigned, and the church then called
Rev. J. T. London. Following Rev. London came Rev. Eddie Wiggs.
The church began to see the need of a new building as they had worshiped for years in
the old frame church. Plans were made for a new sanctuary, and the members worked
together. This was war time and building materials were hard to obtain. Most of the
lumber came from the church grounds. Since steel could not be found every part of the
church was made of wood. The plaster came from everywhere. One member would drive
for miles for three or four bags of plaster while another member would go another way
for even less. After approximately four years the church was finished.
In 1948 the Rev. Bennie Maness was called as pastor of the church. The church grew
by leaps and bounds and soon started a new building project. The educational plant was
built as was the parsonage. Rev. Maness resigned in 1959 and in March of 1960, the Rev.
Clarence Jenkins became pastor. A fellowship hall was built, the church was air
conditioned, and the parsonage was remodeled. Rev. Jenkins served for seven years.
After that time Dr. F. A. Lunsford served as pastor. Under his direction a new sanctuary
was dedicated. He remained with the church until December, 1974.
The present pastor is the Rev. W. A. Gillett, Jr. of Florida, who began his work on June
15, 1975. Troy Summers serves as Sunday School superintendent with Louella Spivey as
secretary and Colon McNeil as treasurer. The church clerk is Ray McNeil and church
secretary is Nancy McNeil.
First Baptist Church of Seagrove
This church began as a small Baptist Mission in 1965 holding meetings in a small block
building west of Seagrove on the Troy Road. It was formally constituted into the First
Baptist Church of Seagrove in July 1967. The organization took place under a gospel tent
on Highway 220 at the city limits of the town, where the group purchased two and one
half acres of land on which to erect a church.
On the building committee were Rev. Bobby Martin who was the first pastor, Harley
Scott, Bill Saunders, Wayne Smith and Lester Carrick. The new building is a
contemporary structure of colonial brick exterior having a sanctuary and L-shaped
educational plan. Financing for the new church edifice came from the sale of church
bonds and other projects which helped pay for the $77,000 structure.
Following the Rev. Martin were Rev. A. B. Harnett, and Ronnie Kiser. Mr. Robert
Hughes and Rev. John Nelson acted as supply pastors until the present Rev. James
Present officers of the new church include: Jack Lail, Chairman of Deacons, Clerk, Ann
Cain; Treasurer, Cecil Moore; Sunday School Superintendent, Ronald Cain; Training
Union Director, Martha Graves; Pianist and Organist, Jean Smith and Ann Graves.
There are 100 Sunday School members enrolled today.
Center Cross Baptist Church
This church began from meetings held in a brush arbor. In 1892 it was organized into
the Baptist Association. John Cole gave one acre of land as did Wiley Russell giving room
for the church and cemetery. Among the charter members were John and Mary Cole,
Wiley and Sarah Russell, Noah and Lowda Freeman, Emma Jane Cole, Ranz and
Francina Odham, Alfred Richardson and wife, Lyndon and Fannie Brown.
Kerosene lamps were used to give light to the first church then an aladdin lamp was
later added over the pedal organ. A three eye stove fired with wood was used to heat
with. The original frame structure has been remodeled and added to since the early
church began. In 1940 there were five Sunday School rooms and a wing to the auditorium
were built. In 1957 the church was brick veneered and in 1968 a pastor's study, rest
rooms and two more educational rooms added. Air conditioning was also installed at this
time as was a basement for fellowship. Since then the basement has been divided into
more Sunday School rooms. Plans now are being made to erect a new Fellowship Hall.
Pastors who have served Center Cross Baptist Church include Reverends Eli
Lawrence, Ferman Soloman, Lee Harris, E. A. Livingston, W T ill Garner, R.E. Heath, J. C.
Edwards, Hubert Bennett, C. M. Strickland, M. D. Chriscoe, D. J. Sullivan, Darrell Cox,
Sam Riddle, Russell Chriscoe and the present pastor is Rev. Robert Hunsucker.
Sunday School Superintendent is Bobby Dixon with Wade Brown assisting. Treasurer
is Amanda Greene and Clerk, Ruby Sanders. Choir Director is Leverette Strider, Wanda
Brown serves as pianist. Sunday School teachers and there assistants are Cary Greene,
Effie Cole, Cora Mae Dunn, Emma Smith, Lois Blake, Billy Sellers, Pauline Smith,
Leverette Strider, Amanda Greene, Marvin Hamilton, Archie Smith, Gladys Freeman,
Betty Bowman, Thelma Sellers, Don Bostic, Kathleen Mabe, Bertie King, Karen Sellers,
Carolyn Dixon, Betty Greene, Nellie Hunsucker, Brenda Strider, Rachel Smith, Lula Mae
Bowman, Mack Greene, and Cecil Bowman. They have an average Sunday School
attendance of 80 persons.
Emmanuel Holiness Church
Mr. and Mrs. Goodman Greene, Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Singleton, Mr. and Mrs. Henry
Singleton, and Mr. and Mrs. Roy McNeil were among those who began the church about
1952, holding meetings in the old Holland store building located on the north side of
Seagrove. Shortly after organizing the Emmanuel Holiness they moved the store building
one mile north of Seagrove.
A new building was erected in 1964. Although their membership is only 18 members
strong, the attendance at this small rural church averages 60 to 70 each service. Donald
Gulledge is the present pastor. Church secretary and treasurer are Colon and Juanita
Greene with Roy McNeil serving as Sunday School Superintendent. Sunday School
teachers are Lucille McNeil, Juanita Greene, Billy Ann Tucker, Linda Gulledge, and
Wendal Hudson, and Johnson Tucker.
Riverside Baptist Church
Riverside Baptist Church was built in 1910 on land donated by James Maness;
however, services had been held in a brush arbor several years prior to this. Visiting
ministers from various denominations had come to preach here, but after the church
erected a building it was organized and accepted into the Baptist denomination. Rev.
Lassiter was the first pastor.
Records of the church were destroyed when the house of Millard Smith burned. Mr.
Smith was a deacon of the church, and he kept the books at his home. Mrs. Laura
Maness, a senior member of the church, recalls that some of the charter members of the
church were W. D. Moffitt, Baxter Deaton, Maudia Maness, Mrs. Ruban Hayes, Mrs.
Lydia Brower and John Beck.
Following Rev. Lassiter as first pastor were Rev. Cleve Phillips, Rev. John Kidd, Rev.
Leanord, Rev. Colon Strickland, and Rev. Wilbur Eaton. The Rev. Charles Lassiter is the
The church was remodeled in 1968 at which time it was brick-veneered. Four Sunday
School rooms were also added, and an air conditioning and heating system were also
Mrs. Carl Maness serves as the present Clerk of the Church. The current Sunday
School officers are Miss Penny Garner, Secretary, and Mr. Larry Wilson,
Superintendent. Teachers are: Dempsay Gatlin, Men's class; Mrs. Valeen Maness,
Ladies' class; Mrs. Junior Garner, Young adults; Mrs. Mary Ruth Bircham, Young couple;
Mrs. Bula Lassiter, Junior class; and Mrs. Helen Allen, Primary.
Pleasant Hill Primitive Baptist Church
Pleasant Hill Primitive Baptist Church is located on Route 8, Asheboro, North Carolina.
It is thought that Mrs. Ashley Wright donated the land for the building. In 1850, a log
church was built, and in 1880 Hulda and Elizabeth Auman gave three acres more to the
church. The church was remodeled in 1923 using part of the old log church. In 1967, the
church was bricked, bathrooms, electric heat, and new benches were added. A little
later the sanctuary was carpeted.
The church was used for services for Primitive Baptist over the years, but was not
organized until November 28, 1942. Charter members were Jennie Auman, S. L.
Arrington, Nell Arrington, Alpheus Auman, Myrtle Auman, Jennie Belle Richardson, and
W. E. Lucas.
This church has Communion and foot-washing once a year, usually in June. Elder V. V.
Willard from High Point, North Carolina, has served as pastor ever since it was
organized. Elder Roy Speir from Kannapolis is now assistant pastor.
The Deacons are Rankin Richardson and Elsie Auman. The clerk is Barry Cole.
Pleasant Grove Christian Church
At a humble beginning in a brush arbor, a moderator and secretary were appointed
and served for three and one-half years until the official organization of the Pleasant
Grove Christian Church on April 24, 1942. There are no records concerning the time
when the first church was built; however, there are records to verify the sale of the old
brush arbor in 1874, and the proceeds of that sale being used to repair the first building
used by the church. The second church was erected in 1913, and a belfry was added in
1922. Sunday School rooms were added in the middle thirties, and the pulpit was
enlarged and a heating system installed in 1946. The fellowship hall, a separate building,
was built in 1954.
The present building, located on road number 2883 just south of Cheeks in Pleasant
Grove township, was built in 1964. It was during the first pastorate of Rev. Mack V.
Welch that plans began for the erection of the new building. It was only fitting that he
became pastor for a second time when the plans were completed. Rev. Dolan Talbert
came to the church in 1960 and served during the construction period.
The sanctuary, including the balcony, has the capacity to seat four hundred people. A
baptistery is curtained off behind the choir, and eight brass chandeliers hang from the
ceiling. There are twelve stained glass memorial windows each with a different design.
The pews, which were also memorial gifts, and the pulpit furniture are of natural oak.
The church has been blessed with many material goods.
Pleasant Grove has not only made a contribution to the local community and
surrounding area, but has reached into many communities of other areas through the
men it has sent into the ministry of the church for the cause of Christ. Ten ministers,
representing three denominations, have come out of this church. They are Rev. E. Carl
Brady, Rev. D. Everett Oats, Rev. Clint M. Oates, Rev. B. H. Lowdermilk, Rev. W. Merritt
Leonard, Rev. Lacy M. Presnell, Rev. Ivey Hammer, Jr., Rev. H. Winfred Bray, Rev. Lester
Gale Brady and Rev. James William Caviness, Jr.
Pisgah Methodist Church
Two acres of land for the first church were given by the family of John Newson in 1866.
Thomas and Rosannah Macon gave an acre in 1871. Additional land was deeded by J. D.
Welch, and wife, Delia, in 1939 to the Randolph County Board of Education for the
adjoining property on which the old Pisgah School was located. Then in 4962 Mrs. Jessie
Cox donated the land on which the present church stands.
It is believed that the first place of worship was a long building which was replaced by
a small frame building. In 1912 another large frame structure was erected having three
Sunday School rooms added to it about 1948.
The present church, which is part of the Flag Springs charge, is situated on Pisgah
road number 1114, and was occupied in 1963. This church is constructed of exposed
masonary blocks both inside and outside. To the right of the church and connected in the
structure is a three piece campanile or bell tower fifty feet high and with two bells
located at the top. The gabled end of the sanctuary, inset with colored glass, is held in
place with a large cross. The sanctuary, with its open truss framework, its divided
lecturn and carpeted aisles and chancel area, creates an atmosphere of reverence and
marks the sanctuary as a place conducive to worship. The altar is located at the back of
the chancel in the center of the church and is blocked up with the same colored glass
backdrop that is seen when first approaching from the outside.
Building committee for the church project consisted of Eli Callicut^, Chairman, along
with Howard Cagle, Delbert Slack, Jimmy Cagle and Farrell Slack. Contractor was J. D.
Rev. Bryon Fox is the present pastor and Earl Moore is Sunday School Superintendent.
Russells Grove Baptist Church
On Saturday afternoon June 1st, 1935 at the Ulah School Building, Ulah, N. C,
delegates from the Asheboro, Asbury, Balfour, Center Cross, Franklinville, Huldah,
Maple Springs, Mt. Lebanon, and Ramseur Baptist churches met for the purpose of
organizing the Ulah Baptist Church. Rev. H. M. Stroup, pastor of Ramseur and
Franklinville churches, presided over the meeting. The Rev. H. L. Stevens led in devotions
and presented the Church Covenant and the Articles of Faith, which the people accepted
by a show of hands.
At this time ten persons presented letters from other Baptist churches and were
recognized as charter members of the church. They were: W. M. Bennett, Mrs. W. M.
Bennett, Norman Bennett, Thurman Bennett, Thelma Bennett, Stella Bennett, Evelyn
Lawrence, Barney Lawrence, W. C. King, and Mrs. W. C. King. Rev. Stroup then
declared the church duly organized.
Mr. & Mrs. W. M. Coble were upon their statements received into the church. The first
election of officers of the church was then held, and Thurman Bennett was elected
church clerk. Norman Bennett, Mr. W. C. King, and Mr. W. M. Coble were elected as the
first three deacons. Rev. W. E. Garner became the first Pastor of the church. His
successors have been Rev. Ed Stack, Rev. Avery Smith, Rev. Ed Frye, Rev. J. W. Pierce,
Rev. Cabot Inman, Rev. Thurman Williams, Rev. Willard Singletary, and the present
pastor, Rev. Tommy Butler.
On April 22, 1935, Mrs. Cammella Williams Russell and her family were generous in
presenting the church with some land to build upon, located five miles south of Asheboro,
N. C. on Highway 220. It was here that a wood structured church was erected. In honor
of the Russell family, the church was at this time named Russells Grove Baptist Church.
The wood structure was torn down in 1950 and rebuilt in brick. The Russell family
presented the church with additional land on August 9, 1943. This land was for the use of
a cemetery. On September 23, 1951, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Freeman also donated some
property behind the church which possibly will be used for additional cemetery space.
Recently the church has torn down the old Sunday School Dept. and rebuilt it with
more classrooms, larger restrooms, a library, and a Pastor's Study. The Sanctuary has
been enlarged, renovated, and a baptistry enstalled. The present Sunday School
enrollment is 158 and the resident church membership is 113. Russells Grove continues to
participate in the Randolph Baptist Association as it has since joining it the day the
church was organized. May God through Christ ever be at the center of her ministry.
Church clerk is Mrs. Ann Pope and Darrell Johnson is the Sunday School
Superintendent. Teachers are Linda York, Barbara Dorsett, Carolyn Wooley, Gladys
Russell, Pershing Painter, Gladys Butler, Paul Wooley, Mrs. Harvey Beck, Thelma
King, Dempsey Voncannon, Marie Brown, Wallace Maness, Kathleen Hall, Barney
Mitchell United Methodist Church
Mitchell United Methodist Church, located on the Flag Springs Road, began in a brush
arbor on land donated by Calvin Ledwell. The first building was a small frame structure
located across the road which runs alongside the old cemetery. At that time, however,
the present road did not exist. It is not known exactly how old the church is, but members
agree that it is at least one hundred years old.
The arbor remained, and was used at revivals for many years. Camp meetings were
held for a week at a time, and during these meetings big fires were placed on a scaffold
which lighted the entire hill. The congregation would often march around these fires
praising God and rejoicing. Mitchell school was also held in the old church building.
In 1910, three acres of land were purchased nearby from Pete Richardson, and a new,
larger church was erected, which was a frame building also. The old land was then given
back to the Ledwell family.
Members, now deceased, who were active in the church in the early years, were the
Rev. Emsley Lowdermilk and Ananias Lowdermilk, Isabella Lowdermilk, Noah Brower,
Branson Strickland, Sherman Spinks, Eli Strickland, Elwood Rush, Maggie Spinks,
Wincie Jane Strickland, Sally Ledwell, Eulas Shaw, Liddie Ellen Shaw, and Martha Ann
Strickland, who died in recent years at the age of 99.
Present members include Atlas Caviness, Etta Walden, Maxer Caviness, Mattie
Ledwell, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Foust, Alma Ledwell, Diana Caviness, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel
Mosley, Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Foust, Gowmey Strickland, Elwood Walden, Melvenia
Spinks, and Howard Strickland. The present pastor is the Rev. Sophia East. Mitchell is
presently in the process of building a new brick church beside the older frame one.
Seagrove Christian Church
The first known Christian church to be built in Seagrove was near the old Gallihorn
Spring which is about one hundred yards off the street on which Seagrove School is
Rev. Lewis Parks was the pastor when this structure was burned during the Civil War
period. Church services were held through the intervening years, and in 1908 a brush
arbor was erected at the old Eli Leach homeplace with the organization of a Sunday
School. When winter came along the services were moved across the street to the
Masonic Hall owned by W. E. Stutts. It was later moved to the school building which was
located at that time just south of the Carl King homeplace. The Rev. T. J. Green held
occasional church services here. During this time the brush arbor was also used for
revivals and preaching appointments by many ministers of different denominations who
traveled to Seagrove by train or by horse and buggy.
Although few in number, the people of the Seagrove Christian Sunday School felt a
need for the organization of a church in the area. They were led into a church body on
November 29, 1915, by the Rev. T. E. White and the Rev. G. R. Underwood, who became
the first pastor of the church. Charter members included John M. Yow, Mrs. D. A.
Cornelison, Madison Farlow, Frank Cole, Mrs. Frank Cole, L. B. Parks, Mrs. A. S.
Callicutt, Mrs. W. C. Garner, Mrs. J. C. Hammond, Mrs. A. M. Brower, Mrs. W. H.
Hughes, Miss Janie C. Cole, Mrs. N. J. Holn, Miss Bertha M. Luck, W. C. Garner, Mrs. M.
E. Farlow, Miss Myrtle Farlow, Mrs. John M. Yow, D. A. Cornelison, J. W. Wentz and
Mrs. Frank Auman.
A frame structure was erected on land which was donated by Eli Leach and C. M.
Tysor. This building was located just east of the depot on what is now
Street. By 1939 the membership had outgrown this space, and on January 8 they voted to
construct a new building on the southeast side of Seagrove across from the present
junction of School Street and Highway 705. The old church was sold at auction to W. L.
Wright and Amos Farlow, and was later sold to the county and was used as the primary
department of the school. Sunday School was held in this new building on February 9,
1941, and in October, 1942, the church was dedicated by the Rev. F. C. Lester. In 1965 an
extensive addition of seven rooms, a fellowship hall, and restrooms were built. J. B. Slack
served as building chairman. Gene Bumgarner was co-chairman along with Ivy Luck and
A. E. Garner.
The church has been
G. R. Underwood
T. J. Green
A. T. Banks
T. J. Green
G. C. Crutchfield
W. C. Wicker
J. C. Cummings
T. E. White
E. C. Brady
G. M. Talley
served by the following pastors:
Rev. Lacy Presnell 1942-1949
Rev. Thomas D. Sutton 1949-1952
Rev. RosserLeeClapp 1952-1955
Rev. Gene Thomas 1956-1957
Rev. Lacy Presnell 1958-1960
Rev. Billy Joe Willett 1 960-1 961
Rev. Avery Brown 1961-1966
Rev. Kenneth Ferree 1 966-1 968
Rev. James Singletary 1969-1970
Rev. W. R. (Andy) Anderson 1970-1976
Rev. Charles Melvin Present Pastor
Hulda Baptist Church
In April of 1896, at the request of some of the neighbors of Rock Springs School District,
Rev. Marvin J. Leach of Lassiter's Mill, N. C. began preaching once a month at the school
house and soon organized a Sunday School, which was conducted by some of the faithful
neighbors of the school district.
Due to the progress made by the Sunday School during the summer of 1896, the
neighbors asked Rev. Leach to hold a series of meetings in the fall of the same year. Upon
their request, Rev. Leach, assisted by Jefferson Lannings, conducted a series of meetings
under a "brush arbor" which resulted in a number of conversions.
In November of 1896, eleven baptized believers in Christ met with Rev. Leach, Jefferson
Lannings, and John A. Summey. Rev. Summey preached the introductory sermon, after
which the Huldah Baptist Church was organized with eleven members.
The members were Elias and Mary A. Moore; their daughters Ada, Mishia, and
Delilah, and son Vester; Alvus Beane; George and Emily Beane; and J. Rufus and Adelaid
Richardson. The church was named for an elderly lady of the community, Huldah J.
Staley, who requested that the church be named after her.
The first deacons of the church were Elias Moore, G. H. Beane, and A. L. Beane. The
first church clerk was Vester Moore, who served in this office for more than fifty years.
Land for the site of the church building was donated by Mr. John Presnell. This land,
upon which the present church building is located, is three miles north of Seagrove,
approximately one mile off U. S. 220 on Route #2845. The original church building was
completed in 1898, with adequate facilities for about three hundred.
Soon thereafter, the fledgling church temporarily joined the Liberty Baptist
Association. Later, the church joined the Montgomery Association and remained in it
until the Randolph Baptist Association was organized in 1935.
In March 1954, a ground-breaking service was held for a new church building. The
building was completed in November of the same year.
Due to the desire of the members to have a residence on the immediate field of labor for
their pastor, additional land was purchased for the construction of a pastorium. The
three-bedroom, brick pastorium with basement was completed in 1963.
Continued growth of the Sunday School made it necessary to build an educational
building. This building, containing approximately 2,200 square feet of classroom space
and additional basement facilities for church activities, was completed in 1967.
Air-conditioning and carpeting were added to the sanctuary in 1968 and 1970
respectively. In August of 1971, central air-conditioning was added to the educational
The following pastors have served the church in its history: Marvin Leach, Jefferson
Lannings, Lee Harris, J. L. Hall, Finley Shaw, J. H. Vipperman, W. C. Smith, T. H.
Williams, John Kidd, William E. Garner, J. C. Edwards, O. P. Dix, Gilbert Falley, Hubert
Bennett, Kenneth Ferree, Guerhey Harrelson, W. M. Leonard, W. K. Metters, and Steve
Welborn. The present minister is Thomas Walker of Rt. 8, Asheboro. The church has also
been blessed of the Lord in that a number of its members have been called into the
Realizing the necessity and importance of missions, Huldah has an active missions
support program. 13.5 percent of all church expenditures for the church year 1970-71
went directly to missionary efforts. Missionaries Don and Irma Peterson, members of
Huldah, are presently serving under the Gospel Missionary Union in Alaska. They had
served previously in Morocco.
Concerning the future, Huldah continues with an evangelical fervor and missionary
outreach while awaiting the imminent return of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ.
Piney Ridge United Methodist Church
In 1826 the Quakers erected a log church here and named it Piney Ridge Friends.
Shortly after the Civil War they removed their membership to Holly Springs leaving the
building to the community.
Later, meetings were held in a brush arbor. Piney Ridge Methodist was organized and
the church was built in 1892. The church was a frame and clapboard structure with a
high steeple topping the vestibule. The earliest available roster is in 1897 which lists the
following Sunday School members: Cora Luck, J. W. Spencer, Mary H. Trogdon, Rocity
Spencer, R. L. Spencer, Ida Spencer, Etta Spencer, Harrison Luck, J. H. Shamberger,
Ida Shamberger, J. W. Moffitt, J. M. Moffitt, W. A. Moffitt, Harvey Moffitt, Avery Moffitt,
C. O. Green, T. B. Green, T. L. Green, Hattie Waddell, Alice Waddell, Victoria Sellers,
Thomas Brooks, Stella Leach, Ira Littlebough, Oria Littlebough, Lula Littlebough, Lena
Mathis, John Mathis, Lula Mathis, Florence Trogdon, Alex Trogdon, J. M. Trogdon, Lilah
Coffin, Martha Coffin, Willie Coffin, George R. Coffin, Hattie Cheeck, Fleater Cheek,
Isabella Cheek, Cordelia Cheek, Rosy Cheek, Dennis Cheek, Colon Cheek, Wesley
Spencer, Wesley Spencer, Jr., Willy Spencer, Charlie Spencer, Parthena Spencer, Evie
Spencer, Vallie M. Spencer, Luther Green, Mary A. Green and Sandy Waddell.
In 1897 the pastor was the Rev. E. Howard; the Sunday School Superintendent was R.
L. Green; the Assistant Superintendent was E. D. Moffitt; and the Treasurer was Eli
In 1967 a new brick church was built which was debt free when completed. Later new
pews were added and central heat was piped in. Also added were restroom facilities,
a water fountain and air conditioning. The yard was also landscaped.
Located in the edge of Richland township on road No. 2907, the members live in Brower
and Grant townships, and the church serves as a center for the social as well as religious
affairs of the black community.
Piney Ridge is part of the Empire Charge along with Stout's Chapel. Rev. Elwood Jones
serves as pastor. Sunday School Superintendent is James Brady. Other officers include
Wilson Green, assistant superintendent; Edith Kay Green, secretary; Mamie Cheek,
Treasurer. The Sunday School teachers are: Verlia Brady, senior class; Mary Cassidy,
young adults; Viola Coffin, youth class; Margaret Green, junior class; Dorothy Matthews,
2nd class; Evangaline Leach, 3rd class; and Pam Cassidy, kindergarten. WSCS officers
are Dorothy Matthews, president; Helen Harris, vice president; Maggie Green,
secretary; and Mamie Cheek, treasurer.
New Center Christian Church
New Center Christian Church, located on Route 1, Seagrove, some three miles off N. C.
705, recently celebrated its golden anniversary with special services conducted at the
church, located in a serene setting of Randolph countryside. The church was organized
on September 23, 1872, in the Old Center Schoolhouse, which was located near the
present church site.
Reverend Hohn S. Lawrence was the organizer of the church and served as its first
pastor. Charter members were Isaac Lawrence, Enoch Latham, Lockey Owens,
Westward Cox, Martha Lawrence, Margaret Latham, Sally Cole, Sally Chriscoe, Mary
Cole, Dolly Stutts, Adline Chriscoe, Gary Chriscoe, Eliza L. Cox, Mary E. Brady and Miley
At first the services were conducted in the schoolhouse. About 1875, the congregation
moved into an arbor and the first church building was constructed in 1883 on a six acre
plot of land which was donated by James and Creacy Latham in 1874. The present church
building was built in 1909-10 and over the years has undergone extensive remodeling,
enlarging and refurnishing.
The Rev. Lawrence, the first pastor, served as pastor of the church for three different
periods of time. He also served the Christian Union Church, located a few miles away, for
several years. He passed away in 1899, and is buried at the Pleasant Hill Methodist
Church, located several miles away.
The Rev. Wesley W. Lawrence was the second pastor to serve and was called back for
three additional terms of service. Five other ministers - W. W. Hayworth, M. W.
Hammer, H. A. Albright, John Q. Pugh, and H. V. Cox - each served as pastor on two
different occasions. Others who have served as pastor over the years have included: J. R.
Comer, P. S. Way, J. Z. Bell, James Webster, Benjamin F. Kearns, W. H. Roach, S. B.
Klapp, R. F. Brown, S. R. Underwood, T. H. Green, W. J. Edwards, C. E. Gerringer, D. R.
Moffitt, Hubert Bennett, M. A. Pollard, Hayes Ritter, James Caviness, Johnny D. Hussey
and William E. Roberts.
Vance Garner, a member of the church, donated land for a cemetery in 1919, and the
first burial was the infant son of Floyd and Hattie Cox Graves.
An organ was bought in 1910, and Justa Yow was the first organist. Electric power
replaced oil lamps in 1945.
Three members of New Center have been called into the ministry - Avery Brown,
United Church of Christ; David Chriscoe, Baptist and Eddie Chriscoe, Wesleyan.
In 1941, additional rooms were added to the building and in 1971, in preparation for
the 100th anniversary celebration, new pews and wall-to-wall carpeting were installed
under the supervision of Rayford Pierce, who spearheaded the project. More recently the
church was brick-veneered.
The new pulpit furnishings and many of the new pews were placed in memory of
deceased members, including; Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Chriscoe, Joseph C. Yow, and Ada J.
Yow, Annie Ester Gardner, Calvin Cassacy, Dora C. Albright, Mr. and Mrs. Barney
Chriscoe, Annie Betsy Albright, Sarah B. Cassady, Nancy P. Pierce, Alfred and Elma
Spencer, Emma D. Chriscoe, Arthur L. Davis, Alfred and Temp Brower, Jerry R. Mabe,
Wayne Garner, Frank and Rocitta Craven, Wright Davis and Annie Davis, Mr. and Mrs.
A. F. Garner, Reuben H. Brown and Annie W. Brown.
Pews also were placed to honor Alfred and Annie Spencer and Helen G. Davis and
other pews were donated by Rev. and Mrs. William E. Roberts and family, Mr. and Mrs.
R. E. Albright, Mr. and Mrs. Beauford Maness, Mr. and Mrs. William Stutts and Bobby
The 100th anniversary of the founding of New Center Church was formally observed on
September 24, 1972, as the church officers and members participated in a service of
Three great-granddaughters of James Latham, the doner of the land, are still active in
the activities of New Center Church. They are Helen G. Davis, Cleadel Pierce and Zora
New Hope United Methodist Church
New Hope United Methodist Church, located about nine miles south of Asheboro just
off Highway U. S. 220, dates its beginning back to the year 1878, and soon will be
observing its 100th anniversary.
Before New Hope church there was no church in the immediate area. People for miles
around traveled on foot, horseback and in wagons to the two mother Methodist
Protestant churches of the area, Flag Springs Methodist Protestant Church and Fair
Grove Methodist Protestant Church.
Sometime during the year 1878, a decision was made by several people in the
community to build a church in a place more convenient for them. A day was set to meet
to determine what could be done. In less than an hour and one-half the land was donated
by Branson Presnell and wife to J. J. Auman, E. L. Spencer and J. A. Spencer, who had
been appointed to the building committee.
In the early part of the year 1879, work was begun on a church building. It is not
certain whether it was completed that year or the next, nor is it known who was the first
pastor to serve New Hope Methodist Protestant Church. Several years later an arbor
was constructed for conducting revivals, a practice which was popular in that day. The
arbor would seat many more people than the church sanctuary.
After the turn of the century there was a growth in the population of the area and the
congregation decided to build a larger, more modern church. By this time the original
building was in desperate need of repair. W. M. Cox, Edmund Tucker and Cornelius
Cagle were appointed to the building committee. In February, 1905, the foundation was
laid for the second New Hope church building. The church was built through the gifts of
cash and lumber. In later years, additions were made to the church building, and in the
spring of 1956, the old church was torn down to make way for the third house of worship
which has been used by the New Hope congregation.
In 1947 under the pastorate of Rev. R. Williard, the membership decided to start a
building fund in preparation for the construction of a new church building. The offering
each second Sunday of the month was put into the building fund. Almost eight years later
while the Rev. Giles O. Bowman was pastor, the members of the church decided to begin
making plans to construct a new church building.
A building committee was appointed in the early part of December, 1955, composed of
Zeola Dorsett, Farley Voncannon, Howard Voncannon, Clayson Voncannon, Carl Nance,
Ernest Presnell, Bertha Tucker, Winfred Sink, Neal Trogdon and Lester Dorsett. On
December 28, 1955, the committee met at the parsonage to discuss the undertaking, and
then began a period of planning of visitation to other churches to secure ideas. On
Sunday afternoon, March 4, 1956, ground was broken for the new church with
appropriate ceremonies. The pastor and the district superintendent, Rev. Teague M.
Hipps, led in the spading service along with members of the building committee. The
Cagle and Bowers Construction Company of Asheboro was awarded the general contract
for constructing the new building which cost approximately $30,000, but is is value at
more than $40,000. Approximately $18,000 was in the building fund at the time
construction began. The church received $3,000 from the Duke Endowment. The
congregation moved into the new church on the first Sunday in August, 1956. During the
previous month, services were conducted in the church basement which was completed
before the sanctuary.
A service of dedication was conducted on Sunday, March 30, 1958, by the district
superintendent, Rev. John H. Carper, leading the service. A noon luncheon followed in
the fellowship hall of the church. During the afternoon there was a special song service
and a quarterly conference meeting of the South Randolph Charge of which New Hope
was a member. New Hope is in the same charge with Flag Springs and Pisgah United
Methodist Church, and is served by Rev. Bryon Fox.
The last charter member of New Hope Church was Mrs. Angie Cox, who passed away
Panther Creek Baptist Church
Quakers were the first people to worship at Panther Creek. The name came from the
sleek panthers which populated the creek in early years. It is now known exactly when
the Quakers began their worship services here, but the tombstones in the graveyard date
back to 1852 when Dennis Cox died. Hannah Lowdermilk was buried there in 1863, as
was Timmie Cox. Other names include Smith, Rich, Freeman, Woodell, King, Scott and
The original church, which was built of logs, had almost rotted down before the
Baptists began the present organization in a brush arbor. A few years later, they built
the present church building.
Ben Farrington was the first preacher for the Baptists at Panther Creek. The Rev. John
Beane, a native of the community, is the present pastor and has served at two different
times, making a total of 15 years. He has served continuously for the past twelve years.
Recently a fellowship hall was completed. The building committee for this consisted of
John Dixon, John Woodle, Resal Tedder and Newman Beane.
Organized in 1888 the church is located southwest of Seagrove. In 1906 James E. and
Caroline Harper donated one acre of land for cemetery use. Recently, the church was
remodeled including brick veneering, a new roof and the addition of a vestibule. The
auditorium was updated and stained glass windows were installed. Names familiar to
the church history are found on the beautiful windows which were placed in
rememberance of earlier contributors to the progress of the church.
Windows are dedicated to Mr. and Mrs. Columbus Cole, Mr. and Mrs. John S.
Ashworth, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred King, Mr. and Mrs. Elsie Farlow, Mr. and Mrs. W. E.
Garner, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. King, and Mr. and Mrs. James G. Garner. Other windows
were in memory of Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Cole, Rev. and Mrs. Williams H. Harper, Glenn J.
King, Mr. and Mrs. Jonah D. Lucas, Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Auman and James Deaton.
Chairman of the board of deacons at Maple Springs Baptist Church is Larry Lucas.
Sunday School Superientendent is Buddy Adams. Rev. Gerald Causey is the pastor. There
are 80 on roll in the Sunday School. Church Clerk is Clacy King.