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3 1833 00865 2890 




De Luxe Supplement to the 
History of Seattle 








Clisfta $. Jfetrp 

jWICE governor of the territory and the first governor 

T™ * of the state of Washington, Elisha P. Ferry was 
^ born at Monroe, Michigan, August 9, 1825. He 
wa studied law there and at Fort Wayne, Indiana, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1845, at the age of twenty 
years. In 1846 he removed to Waukegan, Illinois, 
where he engaged in the practice of his profession. He was the first 
mayor of the city of Waukegan and there he resided until July, 1869, 
when he removed to the territory of Washington. In 1852 and in 
1856 he was presidential elector for the district in which he resided. 
He was a member of the constitutional convention in Illinois in 1861 
and from 1861 to 1863 he was a bank commissioner in that state. 
During these years he was a member of Governor Yates' stafi^ as 
assistant adjutant general, with the rank of colonel, and assisted in 
organizing, equipping and sending into the field a large number of 
Illinois regiments. In 1869 he was appointed surveyor general of 
Washington territory by President Grant, and in 1872 he was 
appointed governor of the territory under the same administration 
and was reappointed in 1876. He served as governor until Novem- 
ber, 1880, when he moved to Seattle and resumed the practice of 
his profession as a member of the law firm of McNaught, Ferry, 
McNaught & Mitchell. In September, 1887, he retired from 
the practice of law and entered the Puget Sound National Bank as 
vice president. On the 4th of September, 1889, he was nominated by 
the republican party for governor of the state, and on the 1st day of 
October of that year he was elected by more than eight thousand 

From the day of Mr. Ferry's arrival in the territory he be- 
came one of the foremost men in Washington, always contribut- 
ing in some form to the development of the country and assisting 
those who needed aid in the securing of homes and farms. He had 
had large experience in public affairs ; he was a man of unusual abil- 
ity and of unblemished integrity; he was admirably qualified to fill 
the place of governor of both territory and state, not only as a man 
of rare capacity for business, but as a statesman who discharged with 
intelligence every duty connected with the office; he was one of the 

6 (jgUgfja p, jfectg 

people and one of the most approachable men of the times; he did 
not surround himself with the pomp of office, nor was he as governor 
any less approachable than as a private citizen. He unconsciously 
made warm friends of those with whom he came in contact, and did 
this without any effort or attempt on his part. He was a lifelong 
republican in politics and was a member of the first republican con- 
vention ever held in the United States, but in all his official and per- 
sonal relations with his fellowmen he so conducted himself that he 
merited and received the esteem and confidence of men of all parties 
in all sections of the territory and state. On the 4th of February, 
1849, Mr. Ferry was married to Sarah B. Kellogg, a daughter of 
Dr. David Kellogg, of Waukegan, Illinois. He died at Seattle on the 
14th day of October, 1895, regretted and mourned by the entire 



#eorge Jfrebericfe jFrpe 

¥|^^^EORGE FREDERICK FRYE was one of the lead- 
er ^_ Cv> ing business men of Seattle and erected many build- 
w I ^ ? ^^S^ °^ importance, including the Hotel Frye, which 

QJ ^^J vD is conceded to be the finest hostelry in the city. A 
native of Germany, he was born near Hanover, on 
the 15th of June, 1833, and his parents, Otto and 
Sophia (Pranga) Frye, were also natives of the fatherland. Their 
religious faith was that of the Lutheran church. 

In 1849, when sixteen years of age, George F. Frye emigrated to 
the United States and first located in Lafayette, Missouri, where he 
worked as a farm hand. In 1852 he A\orked his waj' across the plains 
to the Pacific coast with the Hays Company, which made the trip with 
ox teams. He spent one winter at Portland and was for some time 
in the employ of Hillory Butler, for whom the Hotel Butler was 
named. In 1853 he came to Seattle, which was then a small settlement 
on the Sound. In connection with Arthur A. Denny and H. L. Yes- 
ler, Mr. Frye built the first sawmill and the first grist mill in Seattle 
and for about ten years he was connected with milling interests. He 
established the first meat market in the city and also started a bakery. 
Later he turned his attention to steamboating and for four j^ears was 
master of the J. B. Libby, one of the early Sound steamers. He was 
also mail agent, carrying the mail from Seattle to Whatcom on the 
Sameyami, making one trip a week. In 1884 he erected the Frye 
Opera House, which was the first place of the kind erected in Seattle, 
and as manager of the same secured good theatrical attractions for 
the city. In the fire of 1889 the building was destroyed and Mr. Frye 
later erected the Stevens Hotel on the site of the opera house. In 
connection with A. A. Dennj^ he also owned the Northern Hotel, and 
he likewise erected the Barker Hotel. He also built the Hotel Frye, 
in which the city takes justifiable pride. He personally supervised 
the construction of this eleven-story building and spared no expense 
nor effort in making it one of the best equipped and most complete 
hostelries of the northwest. In addition to his other activities he 
dealt extensively in real estate and was one of the wealthy men of 


^eotgg jFteDetiik jFrpe 

On the 25th of October, 1860, Mr. Frye was married in Seattle 
to Miss Louisa C. Denny, a daughter of A. A. Denny, previously^ 
mentioned, who was one of the first settlers of Seattle and a man of 
great influence and high reputation. He was rightfully given the 
title of "father of the town." To Mr. and Mrs. Frye were born six 
children: James Marion, who died in 1905; Mary Louisa, the widow 
of Captain George H. Fortson; Sophia S., now Mrs. Daniel W. Bass; 
George Arthur, who died in 1892 ; Roberta G., now Mrs. P. H. Watt; 
and Elizabeth, the wife of Virgil N. Bogue. 

Mr. Frye cast his ballot in support of the repubhcan party and 
served acceptably as a member of the city coimcil. His religious 
allegiance was given to the Lutheran church and its teachings formed 
the guiding principles of his life. He was a man of great vigor and 
energy and was very active in business affairs. He aided in the de- 
velopment of many enterprises and among other things he founded 
the first brass band in the city. He was one of the leaders among the 
early residents of the city and as Seattle developed his gi-asp of affairs 
seemed to grow accordingly, and he continued to occupy a position of 
importance in the life of his community. He almost reached the age 
of seventy-nine years, passing away on the 2d of May, 1912. 


3[^eb- Saniel paglep 

iEV. DANIEL BAGLEY was born September 7, 

1818, in Crawford county, Pennsylvania, and died 

RP^ in Seattle, April 26, 1905. His wife, Susannah 
^m Rogers Whipple, was born in Massachusetts, May 8, 

1819. While she was a small child her parents moved 
into western Pennsylvania, near Meadville, Craw- 
ford county. This was then a rough and thinly settled region and 
they grew up amid the pi'ivations and hardships of pioneer life. Dan- 
iel helped his father clear the original forest off their farm and shared 
in the toil that was incident to cutting a home out of lands covered 
with a dense growth of hickory, chestnut, birch, maple, etc. 

The young people met while they were yet in their teens and 
acquaintance soon ripened into love, and August 15, 1840, they were 
made husband and wife. A few days later they started for the prai- 
ries of Illinois, and there settled on a claim near Somanauk. The 
husband farmed and taught school for two years, while the wife per- 
formed the household duties of their small and primitive cabin. 

In 1842 Mr. Bagley was admitted into the ministry of the Metho- 
dist Protestant church, and for ten years was engaged in active work, 
nominally being stationed at one place each year, but in reality travel- 
ing summer and winter from the south, near Springfield, to the north- 
ern boundaries of the state. Buffalo and Indian trails then gridironed 
the broad and thinly settled prairies, and were not succeeded bj^ the 
iron rails of the early railroads of the state until 1850 and the decade 
succeeding. At Princeton, Bureau county, the first home of the still 
young couple was established, and here Mr. Bagley was an active 
worker in the anti-slavery agitation then beginning to arouse the atten- 
tion and conscience of here and there a few of the earnest thinkers of 
the day. Owen Lovejoy's and Mr. Bagley's churches stood within a 
few yards of each other, and their pastors united in religious and 
philanthropical work, and time and again were their anti-slavery meet- 
ings broken up by the pro-slavery roughs of the day. 

During the closing years of the '40s and early in the '50s California 
and Oregon attracted a great deal of attention, and the more enter- 
prising of the younger generation began the westward movement that 

14 laeti. Daniel IBagleg 

has for sixty years gone on in an ever swelling tide. In 1852 Rev. 
Daniel Bagley was chosen by the board of missions of his church as 
missionary to Oregon, which then included the present states of 
Washington and Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming. 

Their wagon train left Princeton, Illinois, April 20, 1852, and in 
it were Mr. Bagley and family. Dexter Horton and family, Thomas 
Mercer and family, William H. Shoudy, John Pike and Aaron Mercer 
and wife. The wives of Thomas and Aaron Mercer never reached 
here, but the others all came to Seattle at some period to make their 

Those moving to the Pacific coast that year were an army in num- 
bers, so that the danger from Indians was not great, but the hard- 
ships and sufferings of the emigrants were increased. The difficulties 
of securing water and feed for the stock were great and cholera became 
epidemic. However, the fifteen or twenty families of this particular 
train, after nearly five months of almost constant travel, arrived at 
The Dalles, on the Columbia river, without the loss of one of their 
number and with practically all their wagons and stock. Here they 
separated, only two or three families accompanying Mr. and Mrs. 
Bagley to Salem, Oregon, where they ended their journey September 
21, 1852. 

Mr. Bagley at once began active ministerial and missionary work, 
and labored unremittingly in all parts of the Willamette valley the 
next eight years. He established about a score of churches and prob- 
ably half that number of church edifices were built mainly through his 
instrumentality. This was long prior to the advent of telegraphs and 
railroads and the conveniences and comforts of modern travel. His 
labors extended from the Umpqua on the south to the Columbia river 
on the north, and it was rare indeed that he remained at home twenty 
days in succession and, in fact, a large part of these eight years was 
employed in itinerant work, traveling through heat and dust, rain, 
snow, mud and floods by day and night, nearly entirely on horseback, 
so that at forty years of age his constitution was greatly impaired by 
exposure and overwork. 

During all their married hfe Mrs. Bagley had been an invalid, and 
in October, 1860, the family removed from near Salem to this place, 
hoping the change of climate would prove beneficial to both of them. 
The trip was made entirely overland in a buggy — except from Port- 
land to Monticello — and the trip that can now be made in as many 
hours required ten days to accomplish. They made the list of families 
in the village up to an even twenty. 

The unbroken forest began where the Colonial building on Colmn- 

laeti, Daniel IBagleg i5 

bia street now stands, and at no point was it more than 250 yards from 
the waters of the bay. 

Mr. Bagley was the pioneer minister of his church on Paget Sound 
and for years, covering ahnost the entire period of the Civil war, was 
the only clergyman stationed in Seattle. 

Rev. David E. Blaine, of the JMethodist Episcopal church, had 
been instrmnental in the erection of a church building about 1854 on 
the present site of the Boston block, which remained unplastered or 
unceiled for ten years or more. Here Mr. Bagley and a small band 
of worshipers gathered weekly. 

Early in 1865 the historic "Brown church" was built at the corner 
of Second and Madison streets and Mr. Bagley's manual labor and 
private purse contributed largely to that work. 

Besides his ministerial duties Mr. Bagley became an active and 
prominent worker in the advancement of the material growth and 
prosperity of Seattle and King county. Largely through the efforts 
of Hon. Arthur A. Denny, who was a member of the legislature of 
1860-61, the university was located here, and INIessrs. Daniel Bagley, 
John Webster and Edmund Carr were named commissioners. Selling 
of lands began at once, and in March, 1861, clearing of the site and 
work on the university buildings began. As president of the board of 
commissioners most of the care and responsibility of the sale of lands, 
erection of the buildings, and establishing of scholastic work fell upon 
Mr. Bagley, and during the succeeding three years much of his time 
was devoted to the university interests, and those labors have borne 
abundant fruits for Seattle and her citizens. Just prior to and follow- 
ing the year 1870, the development of what are now known as the New- 
castle coal mines began. Daniel Bagley, George F. Whitworth, 
Josiah Settle and C. B. Bagley took up the burden of this work, which 
was the first to become commercially successful in the territory. Mr. 
Bagley was the responsible leader and superintendent, and although 
the company then formed was succeeded by a number of others, the 
credit of the opening of this great source of wealth to this county 
belongs to him and his associates. 

Until 1885 he continued as pastor of the church here and after the 
twentieth year in charge of the "Brown church" he resigned that posi- 
tion. After that time he did a large amount of ministerial work at 
Ballard, Columbia, Yesler, South Park, etc., continuing down to 
M'ithin a few years of his death. 

Forty-five years he was prominent, active and efficient as a clergy- 
man and private citizen. 

Daniel Bagley was a life-long member of the Masonic fraternity. 

16 gUti« Daniel ^Igaglcg 

and he was the honored chaplain of St. John's Lodge, No. 9, in Seattle, 
many years. He was made a Master Mason in Princeton, Illinois, in 
1851. He at once affiliated with the lodge hi Salem, Oregon, on his 
arrival there in 1852, and between that time and 1856 became a Royal 
Arch Mason. On making his home in Seattle he affiliated with St. 
John's Lodge and remained a member of that lodge during life. He 
first appeared in Grand Lodge in 1861, and his merits as a Mason are 
attested by the fact that his brethren of the Grand Lodge of Washmg- 
ton elected him their most worshipful grand master at the annual 
commimication of that year. 

During their later years Mr. Bagley and his wife made their 
home with their son Clarence m Seattle and there Mrs. Bagley died 
October 11, 1913. 

They repose side by side in Mount Pleasant on Queen Anne Hill. 


£ f). r3 

Clarence p« paglep 

ILARENCE B. BAGLEY was born in Troy Grove, 
near Dixon, Illinois, November 30, 1843. His father 
was what was called in those days an itinerant minis- 
ter in the service of the Methodist Protestant church 
and stationed but a year at a time in a place. Clar- 
ence's early memories are of Abingdon, La Fayette, 
Princeton and Chicago. 

On the 20th of April, 1852, the family started from Princeton 
across the plains. They reached the Missouri river May 22d, the smn- 
mit of the Rocky Mountains July 4th, The Dalles, Oregon, Septem- 
ber 3d, and Salem, Oregon, September 21st of that year. They lived 
in and near Salem for eight years. In November, 1852, Clarence 
began school studies in the Willamette Institute, later called Willa- 
mette University, in Salem and continued in school all the time in the 
winters and part of the summers until 1860. In 1856 the family 
moved out from Salem to a farm and lived there for four j^ears. Dur- 
ing that time Clarence became familiar with farming operations, 
with horses and cattle and the farm life of that pioneer period. 

In October, 1860, Rev. Daniel Bagley, his wife and Clarence 
started in a buggy to make the overland trip from Salem to Seattle, 
Washington, arriving at the latter place during the last days of Octo- 
ber. That winter Rev. Daniel Bagley taught the village school and 
during his absence of several weeks Clarence officiated in his place. 

In 1861 he began work clearing the timber from the site of the uni- 
versity, which had during that winter been located in Seattle by the 
legislature. During the remainder of the year 1861 and the greater 
part of 1862 he worked upon and about the university, clearing, paint- 
ing, carpentering, making fences and doing other odd jobs of work. 
Late in 1862 he went by sailing vessel with his mother to San Fran- 
cisco, returning that fall also on a sailing vessel. In 1863 he 
accompanied his father and mother by way of San Francisco and the 
Isthmus to New York and to Meadville, Pennsylvania, where he 
attended Allegheny College that winter. In April, 1864, the family 
started on their return by way of the Isthmus to Seattle, reaching the 
latter place about the 1st of July. The rest of that year and during 
1865 he was engaged at his trade as a painter in the little village. 

20 Clarence 13, IBagleg 

On the 24th of December, 1865, he was married to Alice Mercer. 
In 1866 he received an appointment as clerk in the surveyor general's 
office under Selucius Garfielde, in Olympia, and he and his young bride 
removed to that place, where he was employed in that office for nearly 
three years. Late in 1868 he went into the printing office of Randall 
H. Hewitt, where he learned the printer's trade, being employed upon 
the Territorial Republican and the Echo, the latter a temperance 
paper. This paper he bought the next year and continued to publish 
until 1869, when he disposed of his interest in it. In 1869 he was 
employed upon the Commercial Age, a paper recently established in 
Olympia, and in October was elected clerk of the council of the legisla- 
ture, serving during that winter. In 1870 the Commercial Age was 
discontinued and he and his wife then returned to Seattle and lived 
there during the remainder of that year and until May, 1871. 

During the winter of 1870 his time was occupied in aiding in the 
development of the Newcastle coal mines. Much of the time he had 
charge of the company's store at Newcastle and of the company's 
operations above ground. In JNIay, 1871, he received appointment 
from Samuel Coulter as deputy in the office of the internal revenue 
collector of Washington at Olympia and held that position until 1873. 
In November, 1872, he was appointed business manager and city 
editor of the Puget Sound Courier, which had been established on 
January 1st of that year in Olympia. In 1873 he and Samuel Coulter 
and Thomas M. Reed bought that newspaper and the printing office 
connected with it. Later in that year he bought the interest of his 

In the fall of 1873 he was appointed by Henry G. Struve, secretary 
of the territory, territorial printer and he held that position under dif- 
ferent secretaries for ten j^ears, during which period he also continued 
to edit and publish the Courier and to carry on a large job printing 
business connected with it. In 1884 he disposed of his interest in the 
newspaper and printing office and for several months had charge of 
the office of the collector of internal revenue in Portland, Oregon. 

In 1874 he was again ajjpointed deputy collector of internal reve- 
nue by Edward Giddings with full charge of the office. Mr. Giddings 
died in April, 1876, and Mr. Bagley remained acting collector until 
July 1st, when Major James R. Hayden assumed charge as collector 
and Mr. Bagley retained the chief deputyship. They served together 
until the Washington district was consolidated with Oregon, and then 
the latter retained his deputyship under Collector John C. Cartwright 
until President Cleveland appointed a democrat early in 1885. 

Soon afterward he disposed of his interests in Olympia and 

eiatgnce 15, 15agleg 21 

returned to Seattle to live. He began at once to clear the site for his 
future home from the original forest in the northern part of the city, 
on the old donation claim of his wife's father, Thomas Mercer, then a 
long way from the settled part of the town, and in 1886 he and his fam- 
ily established themselves in their new home, where they have contin- 
ued to reside to the present date. That year he and several other 
gentlemen bought the Post-Intelligencer daily and weekly news- 
paper, and during the next year he was its business manager, until it 
was bought by L. S. J. Hunt. He then purchased a new outfit and 
started in his old business of job printing. 

Soon afterward he was associated with Homer M. Hill in the own- 
ership and publication of the Daily Press. In 1888 he disposed of his 
interests in the printing office and newspaper and early in 1889 joined 
with a party of gentlemen in the establishment of a bank in the north 
part of the city. A j^ear later he sold out his interest in that institution. 
In 1890 he was elected a member of the house of delegates of the city 
council and served a two-year term. 

During 1890, 1891, 1892 and 1893 he made several trips to Chi- 
cago, having been appointed by Governor E. P. Ferry an alternate 
commissioner of the Columbian Exposition, then planning to be held 
in Chicago in 1893. He was one of those who voted for and secured 
the establishment of the Exposition on the site at Jackson Park. In 
1892 he joined in the establishment of another bank in the northern 
part of the city and had charge of that institution until the disastrous 
failures of so many institutions in 1893 carried that institution down 
in the general crash. 

In September, 1894, he received an appointment from Will H. 
Parry as deputy in the office of city comptroller and served in that 
position until 1900, when he was appointed secretary of the board of 
public works of the city, which position he has continued to occupy 
until the present time, having already completed twenty-one years of 
continuous service in the employ of the city. 

Early in his business career he began the preservation of the news- 
papers of the territory and its laws and journals, and during the lapse 
of years gathered a large and extremely valuable collection. About 
1900 he began writing sketches and articles for the newspapers and 
the magazines of the northwest pertaining to the early history of 
Western Washington and particularly of Seattle. This revived his 
interest in the collecting of historical material and he began assembling 
all the books, pamphlets and publications accessible pertaining to the 
Pacific Northwest, chiefly of the old Oregon territory. At the present 
time he has the largest and best selected collection of that character 

22 Clarence 13, loagleg 

extant excepting that of the Oregon Historical Association at Port- 
land and the hbrary of British Columbia at Victoria. 

During the period of the Civil war he was a strong believer in the 
justice of the Union cause and a supporter of the Union party in 
Seattle and immediately after the close of the war attached himself to 
the republican party and has been a member of that organization all 
the later years. 

Clarence B. Bagley and Alice Mercer were married by Rev. C. G. 
Belknap, in Seattle, December 24, 1865. 

Their children are : Rena, born in Seattle, August 3, 1868 ; Myrta, 
born in Olympia, December 22, 1871; Ethel W., born in Olympia, 
June 16, 1877; Alice Claire, born in Olympia, November 4, 1879; 
Cecil Clarence, born in Seattle, July 21, 1888. 

Rena Bagley and Frank S. Griffith were married in Seattle, Janu- 
ary 10, 1893. Daughter, Phyllis, born September 2, 1896. 

Myrta Bagley and Earle R. Jenner were married in Seattle, April 
21, 1897. Sons: Earle B., born July 28, 1900; Lawrence M., born 
July 2, 1909; Frederick C, born July 2, 1911. 

Ethel W. Bagley and H. Eugene Allen were married in Seattle, 
March 2, 1904. Sons: Richard B., born July 19, 1907; Robert M., 
born May 23, 1911. 

Alice Claire Bagley and Frederick Dent Hammons were married 
in Seattle, June 24, 1900. 

Cecil Clarence Bagley and Myrtle Park were married November 
26, 1912. Son: Park Daniel, bom May 20, 1914. 

Sfacot) jFurtjj 

JHILE a city owes its existence, its upbuilding and im- 
provement not to a single individual but to the united 
efforts of many, there are always those who are leaders 
in the public life and whose efforts constitute the 
foundation upon which is builded much of the ma- 
terial prosperity and the civic advancement. To this 
cl'ass belonged Jacob Furth, who was long prominently known in 
banking circles of the northwest and who was most active in estab- 
lishing and promoting the street railway system of Seattle and the 
interurban systems of this section of the country. The extent and 
residents of the northwest and his record indicates what may be accom- 
plished by the young man of foreign birth who seeks the opportuni- 
ties of the new world and has the energy and determination to improve 
them. But while Jacob Furth was masterful, commanding and dyna- 
mic in his business affairs, he regarded business as but one phase of 
existence, and he was not less the public-spirited citizen and the 
philanthropist than he was the successful financier. Indeed, there 
was no period in all of his career when business so occupied his atten- 
tion that he would not turn to listen to some plan for the city's better- 
ment or some tale whereby his personal aid was sought for an 
individual or an organization. He is therefore entitled to three-fold 

Mr. Furth was born at Schwihau, Bohemia, November 15, 1840, 
a son of Lazar and Anna (Popper) Furth, who were also natives of 
that land. After attending school to the age of thirteen years Jacob 
Furth began learning the confectioner's trade, which he followed 
for three years. The tales which reached him concerning the oppor- 
tunities of the United States determined him to try his fortune in 
America when he was a youth of sixteen, and with California as his 
destination he bade adieu to friends and native land, arriving in San 
Francisco in 1856. A week later he left the Cahfornia metropolis 
for Nevada City, using his last ten dollars in making the trip. Finan- 
cial conditions rendered it imperative that he obtain immediate 
employment and he accepted a clerkship in a clothing store, where 
he was employed mornings and evenings, while the daytime was 

26 3Iaco& jTiirtf) - 

improved bj' attendance at the public schools for a period of about six 
months. He thereby acquainted himself with the English language, 
after which he put aside his textbooks and devoted all of liis atten- 
tion to business. His salary was originally onlj^ forty dollars per 
month, but he proved so capable and faithful that promotion came to 
him rapidly and at the end of three years he was receiving three hun- 
dred dollars per month. The cost of living might then, as now, have 
received wide comment, but, notvwthstanding this, he saved from his 
earnings enough to enable him to embark in business on his own 
account in 1862, at which time he opened a clothing and dry-goods 
store, which he conducted for eight years. In 1870 he removed to 
Colusa, where he established a general mercantile store, of which he 
remained proprietor until 1882. On account of impaired health he 
then made a trip to the Puget Sound country and, although Seattle 
was then scarcely more than a village, he recognized something of 
its opportunities and resolved to stai't a bank in the growing little 
town. In cooperation with San Francisco friends he organized the 
Puget Sound National Bank, vdth a capital of fifty thousand dollars, 
and took charge as its cashier. In the first few months of its existence 
he also acted as receiving and paying teller and bookkeeper and, 
indeed, was the only employe of the bank as well as its only officer in 
Seattle. It was not long, however, before the patronage increased, 
making it necessary for Mr. Furth to have assistance, and within a 
few years the capital was doubled and has since been increased several 
times without calling upon the stockholders to put up any additional 
money, the earnings of the bank being sufficient to increase the capital 
stock. In 1893 Mr. Furth was elected to the presidency and so con- 
tinued until its consolidation with the Seattle National Bank, after 
which he became chairman of the board of directors of the latter. He 
became recognized as one of the foremost factors in banking circles 
in the northwest, thoroughly conversant with every phase of the busi- 
ness and capable of solving many intricate and complex financial 

Extending his efforts to other fields, he organized the First 
National Bank of Snohomish in 1896 and remained one of its stock- 
holders and directors until his demise. He had similar connection 
with several other banks in different parts of the state and his efforts 
proved a stimulus in securing success for other business interests. In 
1884 he organized the California Land & Stock Company, owning a 
farm of nearly fourteen thousand acres in Lincoln count j^ — one pf 
the largest in the state — the greater part of it being devoted to wheat 
growing, with some gi-azing land and pasture for cattle and horses. 

3[aco6 Suttb 27 

Of this company Mr. Furth continued as president until his death. 
Even that added to his financial affairs did not cover the scope of his 
activities. He was not only a student of conditions affecting his 
individual interests, but also of those conditions affecting the city 
and growing out of its developnaent and advancement. When Seat- 
tle's increasing population made it necessary that there should be 
street railway facilities he became interested in the subject and as 
appliances for the operation of electric railways were developed and 
perfected his energies were more and more largely directed to the 
building and management of urban and interurban electric railway 
systems. The year 1900 witnessed the organization of the Seattle 
Electric Company, of which he became president and which now 
operates more than one hundred miles of track. He aided in organiz- 
ing and became the president of the Puget Sound Electric Railwaj'^ 
in 1902, this corporation controlling the line between Seattle and 
Tacoma and also owning the street railways in Tacoma and most of 
the other cities and towns of the Puget Sound country. He was also 
president of the Vulcan Iron Works. Mr. Furth made further invest- 
ment in property, including much Seattle real estate and splendid 
timber lands throughout the northwest. His sound business judg- 
ment and sagacity were shown in the excellent income which resulted 
from his investments, making him one of the foremost men in wealth 
as well as in business enterprise in the northwest. 

Ere leaving California Mr. Furth was married to Miss Lucy A. 
Dunten, a native of Indiana, and they became the parents of three 
daughters: Jane E., Anna F., and Sidonia, the second daughter 
being now the wife of Frederick K. Struve. The family is widely 
and prominently known in Seattle, occupying a position of leader- 
ship in social circles. 

Mr. Furth was a valued representative of the Masonic fraternity 
and of several social organizations. He became a Mason in Colusa 
county, California, in 1870, and while there residing was master of 
his lodge. He was also a Royal Arch Mason and he belonged to the 
Rainier Club, the Golf Club, the Commercial Club of Seattle and the 
Seattle Chamber of Commerce. He was president of the last named 
for two terms and his identification therewith indicated his interest 
in the city's upbuilding and business development. He voted with the 
republican party and sought its success without desiring official 
reward. He served, however, as a member of the Seattle city coun- 
cil from 1885 vmtil 1891 and in that connection, as in private life, 
labored earnestly for the benefit and upbuilding of the municipalitJ^ 
Mr. Furth had no special advantages bej'^ond those which others 

28 3[acoli JFuttS 

enjoy, but he worked perhaps a little harder a little more persistently, 
studied business situations and questions more thoroughly and thus 
was able to make more judicious investments and to direct his labors 
more intelligently, with the result that he won place among the most 
prosperous citizens of the northwest, ranking, too, with those who, 
while promoting individual prosperity, advance the general welfare. 
Indeed, it was his public service for the benefit of his city and his 
kindliness to his f ellowmen that gained him a firm hold upon the affec- 
tion of those with whom he was brought in contact. He passed away 
in June, 1914, and the Post-Intelligencer wrote of him: 

"More than a half century ago a Bohemian boy left the confec- 
tioner's shop in Buda-Pesth where he was employed and crossed the 
great ocean to seek his fortune in the golden west of America. The 
boy brought with him a heritage of virtues — sobriety, thrift, industry 
and honesty. He set himself a high ideal, and throughout a long life 
which saw the poor boy transformed into the man of riches and 
power, throughout a hfe which put into his hands the means of work- 
ing great good or great evil, Jacob Furth steadfastly followed that 
high ideal, practicing in private as in public the simple creed of honesty 
and kindliness, making of his every act the example of a courageous, 
intelligent gentleman and leader of men. A steadfastness of pur- 
pose, a judgment imbiased by prejudice, a devout belief in the good 
which lies in all human kind, a faithful adherence to the old-fashioned 
virtues which are the foundation of our civilization ; these traits char- 
acterized Jacob Furth, molder of gi-eat enterprises. To his own 
family Mr. Furth was a loving husband and father. To his business 
associates and subordinates he was the courteous gentleman, the great 
leader, quick to grasp and utilize large ideas, the fair-minded judge 
and the liberal employer. His charities are beyond the enumeration 
of even those closest to him. He gave publicly on every worthy 
occasion, but always without ostentation. He gave privately beyond 
the belief of even his closest friends, and always aimed to make his 
giving a matter of substantial aid rather than charity in the narrower 
sense of the word. 

"In the community which he served so many years Jacob Furth 
was a leader. His counsel served time and again to guard against 
hasty and hot-headed action, and in business his advice was regarded 
as invaluable. Jacob Furth served Seattle loyally and the highest 
ideal actuated him in questions" of public moment. From the day he 
chose this city as his home he gave liberally of time and influence and 
energy to build up the community about him. Possessed of great 
power throughout his maturity, Mr. Furth strove to serve honestly 

3laco& jFutti) 29 

and faithfully those who put their faith in him and to help his fellow- 
men by standing for the things his judgment told him were best for 
the conmimiity. The figure of Jacob Fm-th has been familiar to 
Seattle, identified with great affairs of tliis city for the past thirty- 
one years. Of mediimi stature, broad of shoulder and vigorous, age 
seemed to encroach little upon him. His rugged face spelled power 
and self-mastery, and the eyes, which looked upon the world from 
behind lenses, were a fascinating reflection of the mind of the man, at 
times kindly and smiling, at times commanding, often sympathetic. 
Always this intelligent gaze was leveled on whomever Mr. Fm-th 
addressed, a direct, fearless glance which appraised and judged rap- 
idly and accurately. 

"Calm self-control was the most striking characteristic of the 
banker. When he spoke it was in low tones, clear and forceful, and 
he wasted few words. He listened much, weighing and judging, 
with attention riveted on the matter in hand. His decisions were 
given rapidly, but without haste. Kindliness was a great ingredient 
of Mr. Furth's character. Throughout his life he displayed a ready 
sympathy for all manner and conditions of people, a sympathy which 
could put him into the attitude of any person who came to him with 
a problem to solve. 'Mr. Furth could put himself in the place of a 
boy of ten who had broken his skates as readily as he could under- 
stand the feelings of a man or woman in their greatest misfortune,' 
said one who knew him intimately. Members of his family never hesi- 
tated to consult him even during business hours on the most com- 
monplace of domestic problems and always found him ready to drop 
the big business in hand to understand and advise in their perplexities. 
Strangers of any degree had no difficulty in gaining an audience with 
the banker and railway president. He could be found at his office 
in the Puget Sound National Bank (now the Seattle National) or in 
the Electric Company office, in the Pioneer building, at any time 
from eight until six o'clock, and the request for an interview was 
sufficient to gain audience. 

"As a man of great power, Mr. Furth was perpetually sought by 
men with schemes — good, bad and indifferent. The great strength 
of the man who deals in millions, who finances and manages great 
enterprises or who puts his capital out at interest is his judgment of 
men. Mr. Furth made up his mind promptly and from his own 
observation. A personal interview was almost invariably the manner 
by which the banker decided on a course of action. Once he had satis- 
fied himself of a man's honesty he stood ready to back his opinion 
with all the money that reason justified employing. The reputation 

30 31aco& jFutt^ 

of a man who practices simple honesty, who serves faithfully and well 
those who trust him is the greatest gain he can hope from life. Such 
a reputation Jacob Furth built up in his handling of large affairs in 
this city, and as the affairs grew in importance the name and repu- 
tation of the man grew with them until his was a figure of more than 
local fame. The crown of this phase of a busy career came at the 
time of the great earthquake and fire which in three brief days 
devastated the city of San Francisco. When the appeal of the 
stricken city went out to the world, hearts were touched and purses 
opened in every state of the Union. There was a tremendous compe- 
tition to get into the stricken city those things most needed by the 
homeless thousands. The great state of Massachusetts raised a mil- 
lion dollars by public subscription and sought to put this money to 
its best use for the benefit of the fire sufi'erers. Far distant from the 
disaster, it was decided to employ some agent whose honesty and 
judgment would best serve the purpose of the subscribers. Jacob 
Furth, the banker, thousands of miles away in Seattle, was the man 
chosen. To him Massachusetts handed a million dollars with the 
simple direction that it be spent for the best interests of the people of 
San Francisco. Here was a task to try the greatest man. A million 
dollars is a tremendous power for good or evil. San Francisco was 
in chaotic state and it was difficult indeed to learn the needs of the 
city or how to administer to them. Mr. Furth undertook the trust 
with characteristic calmness and dispatch. Relief work was organized 
rapidly and carried out systematically. Ways were devised of doing 
the greatest good with the money at hand, and the things most needed 
found their way to the hands of those most in want. As simply as he 
undertook the slightest problem, as seriously as he undertook the big- 
gest transaction, Jacob Furth accepted the trust of Massachusetts 
and did its errand of mercy. 

"Some months later Mr. Furth journeyed to Boston to make an 
account of the funds in his care. On this occasion he was the guest 
of honor at a banquet complimentary to his work and his honesty, a 
banquet at which the governor of Massachusetts, the mayor of Bos- 
ton and many noted men were present to thank the agent of a state's 
charity. The thanks given on this occasion by speech and by the 
press made a profound impression upon Mr. Furth. His shrewd 
appraisement of values placed this incident, where it belongs, 
amongst the greatest moments of his busy life. No man could seek 
greater honor than this mighty faith in his ability and his integrity." 

When Jacob Furth passed away expressions of the deepest regret 
were heard on every hand, and men who guided the destinies of Seat- 

3laco& jFuttii 31 

tie along the lines of its greatest activity, professional, commercial 
and municipal, bore testimony to his worth. One said: "Seattle has 
lost its greatest friend. There was never a man in this city who 
could have accomplished for the transportation of Seattle what was 
brought about by Mr. Furth, but since all this was known best to 
those who have lived here for long, the later generations are unaware 
of it." Another said: "Should Mr. Furth in his lifetime have sud- 
denly withdrawn the energy and money he put into this city, there are 
many now in prosperous business life who would not be here. He 
was a strong factor in commercial and transportation Ufe, such as 
has been given to few cities on the continent to enjoy. He helped 
many men in public life whose stories were a sealed book to all but 
the great benefactor who has passed away, for he never told of them. 
He helped others, not from a mercenary motive, but because he 
wanted to see everybody prosper." Seattle's mayor expressed his opin- 
ion of Mr. Fiu-th in the following words: "His was one of the kind- 
liest personalities I ever knew. He did much for Seattle and the 
northwest and aided immeasurably in its material upbuilding." J. 
E. ChUberg, president of the new Chamber of Commerce, spoke of 
Mr. Furth as follows: "Mr. Furth was one of the oldest and most 
active members of the Chamber of Commerce. In his capacity as 
trustee he rendered invaluable service. As one of the oldest bankers 
in the city he was progressive and generous, always ready with help 
and encouragement to advance the business interests of Seattle. He 
was a liberal contributor to all funds requiring the expenditure of 
money for the benefit of the communitJ^ Mr. Furth occupied a 
position unique among our citizens. As a public-spirited citizen he 
was essentially a product of such times, and the early history of Seat- 
tle, which necessitated cooperation and banded business men together 
for the common good. He was one of a class of citizens now passing 
from us that no future condition of Seattle will or need develop. 
Hundreds of business men will mourn the loss of their best business 
friend, one who never failed them in their hour of need." Judge 
Thomas Burke wrote: "Jacob Furth was an unusual man. To 
exceptional ability he united a high order of public spirit and great 
kindness of heart. It would be difficult to overestimate his work in 
the upbuilding of Seattle. His time, his strength and his money 
were always at the call of the city. In his many years of residence 
here I doubt if he was ever once called upon for help or leadership 
in any public matter in which he failed to respond and respond cheer- 
fully, liberally and with genuine public spirit. He was a man of 
sound judgment and admirable balance. He never lost liis head no 

32 3[acoft JFuttt^ 

matter how great the excitement or agitation around him was. No 
one could hold fifteen minutes conversation with him without feel- 
ing that he was talking with a man of great reserve power. He was 
a man of courage and wonderful self-control. He kept his own coim- 
sel, whether it related to the transaction of his large and varied busi- 
ness affairs or to the numberless acts of kindness which he was 
constantly doing for others. It has fallen to the lot of few bankers, in 
this or any other community, to do so many acts of substantial kind- 
ness for his customers and for others. Many a man in this community 
owes a debt of gratitude to Jacob Furth for a helping hand at a criti- 
cal junctm-e in his affairs. His passing from the scene of action here 
is, and wiU continue to be for many years to come, a serious loss to 

Love of family was one of the most marked of Jacob Furth's 
traits. He enjoyed having his immediate kin about him more than 
any form of social entertainment. Consulted about guest lists 
he would name his children and consider the matter closed. So cer- 
tain was he in this response that the matter became an affectionate 
joke among those dear to him. Not even Jacob Furth's family have 
a definite idea of the number of his charitable interests. He gave 
promptly and freely wherever his judgment justified giving. At 
times he was imposed upon, but he bore no ill will. As a rule his inter- 
est in the needy was wisely placed. To every public charity of worth 
Mr. Furth gave with equal liberality. His name has headed sub- 
scription lists innumerable and his influence and advice have solved 
many a problem of moment to institutions designed to do good. But 
the great test of charity is its application to private life. Charity 
that gives is fine, but how much finer the charity that rules everj'^ act ! 
Those who knew Mr. Furth intimately are agreed he did not bear 
ill will. Men who deceived him he refused to deal with, but for them 
he could always find extenuation. His faculty of placing himself in 
another's situation gave him insight and sympathy which placed 
values in their true light. He always found time to express under- 
standing of and sympathy for the motives of those who were against 

Jacob Furth came to Seattle a successful man in the prime of his 
life. He brought a splendid heritage — rugged health, honesty, 
sobriety, thrift and a keen judgment. He guided himself by a sim- 
ple creed, striving to do right as he saw it, to understand and forgive 
those who were against him, to be just and to be kind. He succeeded 
as few men may hope to succeed. Though the immigrant boy rose to 
a position of tremendous power and responsibility, he served well and 

3facoli JFuttlJ 


wisely, and in his success he gave unsparingly to help those about him 
and the community of which he was proud. The passing of Jacob 
Furth is the passing of a figure of tremendous interest, it marks the 
close of a career which embodied those virtues that may well serve as 
a pattern for men. A father has been lost to his family; a loved 
neighbor has been taken from the community; a leader has passed 
from the city, and a kindly, generous gentleman has gone to his 



?|orace CH. ftentp 

jORACE C. HENRY, a capitalist and railroad 
builder, was bom in Bennington, Vermont, October 
6, 1844, his parents being Paul Mandell and Aurelia 
(Squire) Henry. In the paternal line he comes of 
Scotch-Irish ancestry. His great-grandfather, leav- 
ing the north of Ireland, was brought to America in 
1730, when but four years of age. Aurelia Squire, who was born in 
New Haven, Vermont, was of noted New England ancestry, being 
a daughter of Wait Sqviire and granddaughter of Lieutenant 
Andrew Squire. The former married Hannah Powell, daughter of 
Colonel Miles Powell. One of the sisters of Mrs. Henry was Hul- 
dana Squire, who became the mother of Mrs. R. A. Alger, wife of 
General R. A. Alger, of Detroit, Michigan. 

After attending district schools Horace C. Henry continued his 
education in the Norwich Military Academy at Norwich, Vermont, 
an institution which was the alma mater of Admiral Dewey and 
many other distinguished officers. In 1862, when eighteen years of 
age, he put aside his studies to enlist in the army and for one year 
served as orderly sergeant of Company A, Fourteenth Vermont Vol- 
unteers, with which he participated in the battle of Gettysburg. 
Although he did not return to the university at Norwich after his 
military experience, he received his degree in regular course accord- 
ing to the usual custom of educational institutions during the Civil 
war. Following his service in the army he was elected first lieutenant 
in the Vermont State Militia and in 1864 he entered Williams Col- 
lege as a member of the class of 1868, but in 1865, became a student in 
Hobart College at Geneva, New York, to which place his family had 
removed. On account of ill health he was forced to give up his col- 
legiate course in 1866, and, hoping that a change of climate would 
prove beneficial, he went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he obtained 
employment with R. B. Langdon, who had gone to that city from Ver- 
mont and was largely interested in railway contracting. With Mr. 
Langdon he served successively in the capacities of clerk, paymaster 
and finally superintendent of construction. He remained with Mr. 
Langdon for ten years, thoroughly familiarizing himself with the 

38 Rotate C. l^encg 

business, in which he was destined to become one of the most successful 
and important men in the country, 

Mr. Henry took his first large contract for railway construction 
in 1878, it being with the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railway Com- 
pany. He was afterward accorded contracts by the MinneapoHs, 
St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway Company and with his asso- 
ciates built about one thousand miles of road for those two companies. 
He also secured and executed many important contracts for the 
Wisconsin Central, the Duluth, the South Shore & Atlantic, the 
Milwaukee, Lake Shore & Western, the Diagonal, the Missouri, 
Kansas & Texas, the Great Western and other railroad companies. 
He built two of the great iron ore docks at Ashland, Wisconsin, one 
at Marquette and the docks at Washburn. 

In 1890 Mr. Henry came to the state of Washington to con- 
struct for the Northern Pacific Railway the original belt line around 
Lake Washington. He afterward built the Everett & Monte Cristo 
Railway, sixty miles in length. In association with D. C. Sheppard 
& Company of St. Paul, he built the Great Northern Railway from 
Seattle to Bellingham and from the smnmit of the Cascades to Ever- 
ett, as well as the cut-off from Bellingham to Bellevue and the line 
from Hamilton to Rockford in the Skagit valley. For the North- 
ern Pacific Railway Company he constructed the lines from Auburn 
to Palmer and from Hoquiam to the sea, together with the present 
belt line around Lake Washington. In 1906, when the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company decided to make its exten- 
sion to the Pacific coast, he took the contract for nearly five hundred 
miles of the route across the states of Idaho and Montana, a contract 
amounting to more than fifteen millions of dollars. In this work he 
employed at times ten thousand men and the total cost for explo- 
sives alone was over a million dollars. He also built about two hun- 
dred and fifty miles of branch lines for the Milwaukee, the most 
important of which reach to Everett, Spokane and Moses Lake, and 
the line connecting the Tacoma Eastern with Gray's Harbor. Aside 
from the interests already mentioned Mr. Henry is president of the 
Pacific Creosoting Company of Seattle, owning one of the largest 
plants in the world for the preservation of timber. The works are at 
Eagle Harbor and have a yearly consumption of two and one-half 
million gallons of creosote, all of which is imported in the company's 
own ships from Europe. Mr. Henry is likewise president of the 
Northern Life Insurance Company of Seattle. This company was 
organized with the primary purpose of competing for the seven mil- 
lion dollars worth of business which was being given annually by 

I^otace €♦ l^encg 39 

the people of the state to outside concerns for life, accident and 
health insurance. The corporation has been remarkably successful 
and is now writing new business at the rate of four million dollars per 
year. Mr. Henry was treasurer of the National Bank of Coimnerce 
for seven years and is now president of the Metropolitan Bank of 
Seattle. He is also an active member of the Metropohtan Building 
Company, which has erected the finest group of office and business 
structures in the northwest, one of them being named the Henry 

In Minneapolis, Mimiesota, in December, 1876, Mr. Henry was 
united in marriage to Miss Susan Elizabeth Johnson, of St. John, 
JVew Brmiswick, a daughter of Captain Johnson, who was lost at sea 
in 1862. There were four children born of this marriage: Langdon 
Chapin; Paul Mandell; Walter Horace, who died March 31, 1910, 
at the age of twenty-six years; and Florence Aurelia, who died in 
Morristown, New Jersey, at the age of eighteen. In memory of his 
deceased daughter Mr. Henry has erected a beautiful chapel, the 
Florence Henry Memorial, at the Highlands, and in memory of his 
son, Walter Horace, he has given substantial help in erecting the 
administration building of the Anti-Tuberculosis League on the land 
given bj^ him for the hospital of that organization north of the city. 
The Henry mansion is on Harvard avenue North, and is one of 
the most beautiful residences and grounds in Seattle. 

As a citizen Mr. Henry occupies a conspicuous position and is 
widely known for his public spirit and beneficence. In 1910 he was 
elected president of the King County Anti-Tuberculosis League, 
one of the most important organizations of the country in the special 
field to which its energies are devoted. Commenting on the choice of 
Mr. Henry for that office, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer said edi- 
torially. "Resourceful and methodic in his habits of thought, and 
possessed of quick initiative and sound judgment, Mr. Henry will 
unquestionably infuse new life into the fight earnest citizens of this 
city and county have been waging against tuberculosis, and will bring 
to the support of energies immediately under his direction the 
enlightened sympathy and cooperation of the community." 

In 1914 the state appropriated a sum of money to defray the 
expenses of all Civil war veterans living in the state to the great 
reunion at Gettysburg. When the time to make the trip had arrived, 
it was discovered that the sum appropriated was too small by five 
thousand dollars and that lots would have to be drawn to decide who 
would remain behind. Mr. Henry at once donated the sum neces- 
sary, thereby making it possible for every veteran who took part in 

40 f^otact C« ^encg 

that great conflict to attend the reunion if he so desired. Mr. Henrjr 
is himself a member of the Grand Army of the RepubHc and proudly 
wears the little bronze button that indicates his connection with the 
boys in blue. He is a Scottish Rite Mason of the thirty-second degree, 
is a life member of the Ai'ctic, Athletic and Rainier Clubs and served 
as president of the last named from 1894 until 1900. He is also a 
member of the Seattle Golf and Country Club, of which he was pres- 
ident for seven terms, and he is a member of the University and 
Metropohtan Clubs. He was one of the vice presidents of the 
Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition. 

To encourage the newsboys of Seattle to save a part of their 
earnings, Mr. Henry sent out the following notice: "Some time dvu*- 
ing December, 1915, I will pay three dollars to every newsboy who 
makes twelve deposits of not less than twenty-five cents each month 
during the year. Each of the twelve monthly deposits must be made 
out of his own earnings. Each deposit must be made in some savings - 
bank in the city and will be noted in a little bank book which must 
not be lost, as it will be the only evidence that the boy has carried out 
the contract and is entitled to be paid the three dollars. It is hoped 
that much more than three dollars will be deposited. The boy is 
under no obligations to leave the money in the bank afterwards." 

His interests are broad and varied and have been closely connected 
with the general welfare. His business activities have been of a char- 
acter that have contributed in notable measure to the upbuilding and 
progress of the west, while in all those relations which have their root 
in broad humanitarianism, which seek to ameliorate hard conditions of 
life for the unfortunate or which add to the pleasure and happiness of 
an individual or commimity, he has stood for that which is most worth 
while and has given thereto generous cooperation in time and mate- 
rial assistance. 

anbreto Cfjiltiers 

;NDREW CHILBERG, president of the Scandina- 
vian-American Bank, has a record which stands in 
incontrovertible proof of the fact that America is the 
land of opportunity and which proves in equally con- 
clusive manner that industry and enterprise have been 
the crowning pouits in his career, bringing him to a 
most creditable and honorable position in the financial circles of the 

Although a native of Sweden, born March 29, 1845, Mr. Chilberg 
was only a year old when his parents, Charles John and Hannah 
(Johnson) Chilberg, brought their family to the new world. It was 
in 1846 that they took passage on a westward boimd sailing vessel, 
which, after eleven weeks, reached the American coast. Journeying 
into the interior of the country they took up their abode upon a farm 
west of Ottumwa, Iowa, where the father both preempted and home- 
steaded lands and there successfully engaged in tilling the soil for 
many years. The four children who came with their parents to the 
new world were James P., Nelson, Isaac and Andrew, and after com- 
ing to the United States four other children were born: Benjamin 
A., Joseph, Charles F. and John H., but Charles F. died at the age 
of thirty-one years. James P. died in Seattle, December 21, 1905, 
and Isaac died at Pleasant Ridge, near La Conner, at the age of 
seventy-one years. The mother passed away July 3, 1902, when 
ninety years of age, and the father died when he was ninety-two. 
They lived to celebrate their golden wedding and in fact traveled 
life's journey together for the remarkable period of nearly seventy 
years. In 1871 they came from Iowa to Washington territory and 
located at Pleasant Ridge, near La Conner, where the father home- 
steaded lands. 

Andrew Chilberg spent the greater part of his youthful period 
near Ottumwa, Iowa, where he attended school. In 1860, when a lad 
of fifteen years, he accompanied his father and brother Nelson to 
Pike's Peak, attracted thereto by the gold excitement in that locality. 
The father and brother engaged in prospecting, while Andrew Chil- 
berg worked upon a farm. In the winter of 1862-3 they returned to 
Iowa and in the spring of 1863 Andrew Chilberg crossed the plains 

44 anPtehi Cftil&etg 

to California, driving horses in compensation for liis meals and the 
privilege of traveling with the party. After four months spent upon 
the road between Omaha and the Pacific coast, Sacramento was 
reached and from that point Mr. Chilberg made his way to the home 
of his brother James P., who was then living in Yolo county, Cali- 
fornia. He entered the employ of his brother, at a salary of twenty- 
five dollars per month, and afterward worked for other farmers of 
the locality. Still later he went to Stockton, where he was employed 
for some time in a large nursery, and he also attended school there. 

Ill health finaUy forced Mr. Chilberg to return to Iowa. He made 
the journey by the Nicaragua route to New York city and later he 
again attended school in Ottimiwa. He afterward followed the pro- 
fession of teaching for thi-ee years and clerked in a wholesale and 
retail diy-goods house in Ottumwa for four years. While there re- 
siding he was married, in 1874, to Miss Mary Nelson, who was born 
at Bishop Hill, Illinois, a daughter of John and Hannah (Swenson) 
Nelson, both now deceased. The year following their marriage Mr. 
and Mrs. Chilberg came to Seattle, where in the fall of 1875 he en- 
gaged in the grocery business with his brothers, James P. and Nelson. 
Together they conducted the store until 1882, when Andrew Chilberg 
sold out to his brothers in order to assume the duties of the office of 
assessor of King county, to which he had been elected as the democratic 
nominee, serving in that capacity for two years. 

While engaged in the grocery business Mr. Chilberg was appointed 
in 1879 by the Swedish government vice consul for Sweden and Nor- 
way until the separation of Sweden and Norway, since which time he 
has been vice consul for Sweden, and satisfactorily filled the position. 
He has been called to other positions of public honor and trust. For 
two years he was one of Seattle's aldermen and in 1884 was called to 
the office of city treasurer, in which capacity he served for two years. 
In 1885 he was appointed city passenger and ticket agent for the 
Northern Pacific Railway and remained in that position until 1892, 
when he resigned to accept the presidency of the Scandinavian- Amer- 
ican Bank, of which he was one of the organizers. The bank was 
established in the spring of 1892, with a paid up capital of forty-five 
thousand dollars, which was increased in 1901 to one hundred thousand 
dollars, and since to five himdred thousand dollars, while its deposits 
now amoimt to over eleven million dollars. In the years that have 
since come and gone its growth has been almost unparalleled. Its 
business has developed almost by leaps and bounds and yet its interests 
have been conducted along safe and conservative lines, whereby the 
interests of depositors have been carefully protected. Mr. Chilberg 

gnPteto dLbilbttj 45 

has contributed in large measm-e to the growth and success of this 
institution, of which he is now the acting head, bending his energies 
to constructive effort, administrative direction and executive control. 

Mr. and Mrs. Chilberg are widely and favorably known, especially 
in Seattle, where they have an extensive circle of friends. They have 
but one child, Eugene, who was born October 29, 1875, and who spent 
several years in Nome, Alaska, becoming secretary-treasurer of the 
Pioneer Mining Company and also financially interested in the Hot 
Air Mining Company. 

Mr. Chilberg has always given his political allegiance to the demo- 
cratic party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise and 
he is alive to the interests and issues of the day and votes, as he be- 
lieves, according to the needs and demands of the times. Fraternally 
he is connected with Columbia Lodge, A. O. U. W., of which he is 
a charter member. He is also a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Yoimg Men's Christian Association and the 
Arctic Club. He is a charter member and was the first president of 
the Swedish Club and also belongs to the Chamber of Commerce 
and the Scandinavian Brotherhood of America. He stands for prog- 
ress and improvement in municipal affairs as well as in business life 
and has cooperated in many plans and projects for the general good. 
He served for several years as school director of Seattle and for one 
term as president of the school board. Wherever the welfare of the 
city is involved he is ready to lend a helping hand and he is a typical 
citizen of the northwest, alert and enterprising, his labors at all times 
being beneficially resultant. 


lUDGE HENRY G. STRUVE was for years a very 

J,vw/j prominent figure in connection with the political, 
M^ legal, financial and social history of the state of 
^ Washington and was an honored resident of Seattle. 
Although born in the grand duchy of Oldenburg, 
Germany, on the 17th of November, 1836, of Ger- 
man parentage, he came to America at the age of sixteen years and 
was an intensely patriotic American citizen. He received a thorough 
academic education in his native city and after reaching the new world 
remained in the east for a few weeks, while later he made his way 
westward to finish his education and take up his life work. In 1853 
he reached California, where for six years he studied law, engaged in 
newspaper work and in mining near Jackson, Amador county. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1859 and the following year removed to 
Vancouver, Washington, where he purchased the Vancouver Chron- 
icle, which he published successfully for a year. On the expiration of 
that period he entered upon the practice of law and his ability soon 
brought him to the front in his profession. He was also an ardent 
republican and in a short time was recognized as one of the leaders of 
his party in the state. In 1862 he was elected district attorney for the 
second judicial district and made such a brilliant success that he was 
four times chosen for the position. During his fourth term, or in 
1869, he resigned, having been elected probate judge of Clarke county. 
A few months later he also resigned that position. While acting as 
prosecuting attorney he was also elected, in 1865, a member of the 
lower house of the state legislative assembly, in which he served as 
chairman of the judiciarj'^ committee. In 1867 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the legislative council and was its president in the first and in 
subsequent sessions of 1869 and 1870. He acted as chairman of the 
ways and means committee and in 1869 introduced and was instru- 
mental in securing the passage of the community law, regulating the 
rights in property interests of married persons, an important law 
which superseded the provisions of the old common law then in force 
in Washington territory. The law is with slight modification still in 
force. Although one of the youngest members of the legislature. 
Judge Struve was always a recognized leader on the floor of the house. 

50 3[uD0e l^entg <^, ^ttutie 

In 1871, in which year he removed to Olympia, Judge Struve took 
charge of the Puget Sound Daily Courier, a leading republican organ. 
His work and editorials made it a valuable factor in promoting party 
interests, his editorials being widely copied and attracting great at- 
tention and comment. To the regret of all, he left newspaper work, 
in which he had manifested such capability, in 1871, when President 
Grant, as a token of appreciation, appointed him secretary of Wash- 
ington territory. The following year he was selected by the republican 
convention as a delegate to the national convention, which once more 
nominated General Grant for the presidency at Phifadelphia. Judge 
Struve served as territorial secretary until the close of Grant's ad- 
ministration, when his term expired. He then returned to Olympia 
and practiced law again, but his ability again and again led to his 
selection for public duties of honor, trust and responsibility. He was 
appointed a commissioner to codify the laws of Washington territory 
in 1877 but after a year was obliged to resign because his law practice 
required his undivided attention. 

In 1879 Judge Struve removed to Seattle and with John Leary 
formed the firm of Struve & Leary. In 1880 Colonel J. C. Haines 
was taken into the firm and in 1884 Maurice McMicken was added 
and Mr. Leary withdrew. Five years later Colonel Haines withdrew 
and the firm then became Struve & McMicken. While territorial 
secretary Judge Struve was sole attorney for the Northern Pacific 
Railroad Company in Washington and until 1883 conducted person- 
ally all important litigation for the railroad. 

From the beginning of his residence in Seattle, Judge Struve was 
a recognized leader in the city and was largely instrumental in mold- 
ing public thought and action. In 1882 he was elected mayor and was 
reelected in 1883, during which time Seattle took its first steps toward 
its present greatness, five hundred thousand dollars being spent in 
public improvements, including the grading of the streets. The popu- 
lation increased from three thousand to ten thousand in 1883. As 
mayor of the city Judge Struve received the Villard party when the 
Northern Pacific was completed. His activities extended to almost 
every field which has had to do with the upbuilding of city and state. 
In 1879 he was appointed regent of Washington University and con- 
tinued in that position through many years, serving as president for 
four consecutive terms. In 1884 he was elected school director and 
held the office for three years, doing efficient work in connection with 
the cause of public education in Seattle. In 1886 he was appointed 
by Governor Squire to the position of judge advocate general of 
Washington territory and took a prominent part in directing military 

3[uO0e l^cnrg (3, Attune 51 

aiFairs when Seattle was under martial law following the anti-Chinese 
riots wliich occurred in February, 1886. In the following year he was 
appointed supreme court reporter and supervised Volmne III of the 
Washington Territory Reports. He was elected a member of the 
board of freeholders which prepared the charter for Seattle and he 
was chairman of the committee on judiciary and tide lands. He soon 
had to refuse many honors and confined his attention to his office, 
acting solely as attorney for many railway, mill and coal corporations. 
He was greatly interested in historical research and for years investi- 
gated Washington's earlier history in his leisure hours, intending to 
publish the results of his investigations in book form, but the great fire 
of June 6, 1889, destroyed all of his data. However, he started in 
again on the work at a later period. 

Judge Struve played an important part in the material develop- 
ment of Washington in connection with its mining and railroad in- 
terests and financial institutions. He was one of the organizers of 
the cable system of street cars in Seattle, became a large stockholder 
in the company and was president of the Madison street line. He be- 
came one of the promoters of and a director in the Home Insurance 
Company, which paid a hundred-thousand-dollar fii'e loss June 6, 
1889. He was one of the incorporators, directors and the vice presi- 
dent of the Boston National Bank and was sole agent in Washington 
for the German Savings & Loan Society of San Francisco. His 
connection with any enterprise or project assured its success through 
his individual efforts, for in his vocabulary there was no such word as 
fail and he carried forward to completion whatever he undertook. 
He was known as an able financier and a conservative, sagacious man 
of business as well as Washington's most distinguished jurist. 

In October, 1863, Judge Struve was married to Miss Lascelle 
Knighton, who was born in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1846. 
When she was but a year old her father. Captain H. M. Knighton, 
made his way across the plains to St. Helen, Oregon, and became the 
owner of the town site. He was the first marshal of the provisional 
government of Oregon and was prominently identified with the pioneer 
development of the northwest. He afterward removed with his 
family to Vancouver, Washington, and Mrs. Struve was educated 
there in the Convent of the Sacred Heart. She became the wife of 
Judge Struve in Vancouver, in 1863, and died in Seattle in 1903, after 
an illness of three years. Hers was a strongly religious nature. She 
was philanthropic, charitable, gracious, generous, unselfish and sincere. 
She was a social leader, possessing a magnetic personahtjs and as a 
hostess she was xinexcelled. She shared her husband's prominence 

52 3[uO0g ^encg a« ^trutie 

and the whole state sorrowed when she passed away. Judge Henry 
Struve died in New York city on Tuesday morning, June 13, 1905, 
after a brief illness. His death was very unexpected, his daughter 
Mary being the only member of the family with him at the time. 
Judge and Mrs. Struve became parents of four children: Captain 
Harry K. Struve, Mrs. H. F. Meserve, Frederick K. and Mary. 

Judge Struve was known prominently in many fraternal and 
benevolent societies. In 1874 he was elected grand master of the grand 
lodge of Odd Fellows in Oregon, which then embraced Washington 
and Idaho. In 1876 he was elected representative of that jurisdic- 
tion in the sovereign grand lodge and he instituted the grand lodge of 
Washington. Such in brief is the history of one who left the impress 
of his individuality upon the development of the northwest in many 
ways. He saw its opportunities and utilized them and in the develop- 
ment of his individual fortunes he contributed to the upbuilding of the 
empire of the northwest. He stood in a prominent position as a 
journalist, as a distinguished lawyer and as a business man, his life 
verifying the statement that power grows through the exercise of 
effort. As he progressed, his opportunities and his advantages in- 
creased and he gathered to himself the rewards of a well spent life, 
but, more than that, he upheld the political and legal status of the 
community and contributed to its intellectual and moral stability. 

Jfretrerick Earl ^truhe 

)REDERICK KARL STRUVE, president of the 

F.„i Seattle National Bank, has at every point in his 
^3* career seemed to have attained the utmost success 
\9) possible at that point. In a word, he has readily- 
recognized and utilized every opportunity and by suc- 
cessive stages of business development and advance- 
ment he has reached his present enviable position as a leading financier 
of the northwest. 

Mr. Struve is a native of Washington, his birth having occurred at 
"Vancouver, June 17, 1871. He is a son of Judge Henry G. Struve, 
whose record precedes this. His education was acquired in the 
public schools and in the University of Washington, followed by 
matriculation in the literary department of the University of Michi- 
gan at Ann Arbor, where he spent two years in study. In November, 
1889, upon the organization of the Boston National Bank, he was 
made clerk in that institution and later became assistant cashier, serv- 
ing until April 1, 1898. He afterward spent some time with the First 
National Bank. In 1899, he formed a partnership with John Davis 
in the real estate, loan and insurance business under the name of 
John Davis & Company. This firm has become one of the best known 
in the city, the volume of business transacted by them annually reach- 
ing extensive proportions. From 1896 until his election as president 
of the Seattle National Bank, Mr. Struve was the Seattle representa- 
tive of the German Savings & Loan Society of San Francisco which 
did the largest loan business in Wasliington. The firm of John 
Davis & Company also have a large mortgage loan clientage and 
their operations in real estate annuallj^ reach a high figure. They plat- 
ted the Highland addition and Mr. Struve individually platted the 
Pettit addition, while the firm platted the Yesler estate addition and 
built thereon residences which have so greatly improved and beautified 
that part of the city. The general business of the firm, however, con- 
sists of transactions in down town properties, many of which they 
have handled, negotiating important sales and also attending to the 
rental of many of the leading business blocks. The renting depart- 
ment has become an important feature of their business and its con- 
duct requires eighteen employes all of whom are engaged at stated 

56 jFtePericb marl attune 

salaries. Each department of the business is managed by a competent 
superintendent and all is systematized and in splendid working con- 
dition. Their transactions involve the handling of many thousands 
of dollars within the course of a month and the business is hardly sec- 
ond to any in this line in the city. Following the death of Jacob 
Furth, president of the Seattle National Bank, Mr. Struve, who had 
served as vice president, was elected to fill the vacancy becoming presi- 
dent of the institution on the 1st of September, 1914. He has since 
held that office and has bent his energies to administrative direction 
and executive control. His efforts have been well defined and his 
keen perception of the possibilities of the situation has led to his 
steady advancement in the business world. 

Mr. Struve was married November 17, 1897, to Miss Anna 
Furth, daughter of Jacob Furth, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere 
in this work, and, presiding with graciousness over their hospitable 
home, she has made it one of the attractive social centers of Seattle. 
She belongs to the ladies' adjunct of the Golf Club, to some of the 
more prominent literary organizations of the city, is a member of the 
executive committee of the Assembly Club and also a member of 
Trinity parish church. 

Mr. Struve has membership in the Assembly Club, of which he 
has served as treasvuer. He belongs to the Rainier Club, the Firloch 
Club, the Usniversity Club, the Seattle Tennis Club and the Seattle 
Golf and Country Club, of which he has been the secretary, all of 
Seattle, and the Union Club of Tacoma. He became one of the 
organizers of the Seattle Athletic Club, was chosen the first captain 
of the athletic team and later was elected the vice president of the 
society. He is likewise a member of the Chi Psi fraternity and he is 
identified with the Chamber of Commerce, giving stalwart support 
to its well defined plans and projects for the upbuilding and improve- 
ment of the city. Politically his allegiance is one of the supporting 
features of the republican party in Seattle. He greatly enjoys travel 
and, besides extensive visits to all parts of America, he has visited 
Cuba and Europe. In short periods of recreation he turns to golf and 
outdoor sports. Of him it has been said: "He is widely known as 
a young man of marked executive force. Intricate business situations 
he readily comprehends, he forms his plans quickly and is prompt and 
accurate in their execution. Thus he has gained a wide reputation 
as a capable and successful man of business, a typical representative 
of the enterprise that has led to the marvelous development of the 

Joijn Hearp 

50HN LEARY was one of the early mayors of Seattle 

Jny j) and a pioneer lawyer but retired from his profession 
y/^ to enter upon business pursuits and became an active 
y ( factor in the upbuilding of the city. He was closely 
associated with ever increasing activities of large 
scope and far-reaching effect and Seattle has had no 
more enterprising citizen, so that no history of the city would be 
complete without extended reference to him. 

Mr. Leary was a native of New Brunswick, his birth having 
occurred at St. John, November 1, 1837. Early in life he started in 
the business world on his own account and soon developed unusual 
aptitude for business and a genius for the successful creation and 
management of large enterprises. His initial efforts were along the 
line of the lumber trade and he became an extensive manufacturer 
and shipper of lumber, to which business he devoted his energies 
between the years 1854 and 1867. He also conducted an extensive 
general mercantile establishment in his native town and also at Wood- 
stock, New Brunswick. Prosperity had attended his efforts, enab- 
ling him to win a modest fortune, but the repeal of the reciprocity 
treaty between the United States and Canada resulted in losses for 
him. Crossing the border into Maine, he conducted a lumber busi- 
ness at Houlton, that state, for some time, but the Puget Sound 
country was fast coming to the front as a great lumber center and he 
resolved to became one of the operators in the new field. 

Mr. Leary reached Seattle in 1869, finding a little frontier village 
with a population of about one thousand. Keen sagacity enabled him 
to recognize the prospect for future business conditions and from 
that time forward until his death he was a co-operant factor in 
measures and movements resulting largely to the benefit and up- 
building of the citj^ as well as proving a source of substantial profit 
for himself. In 1871 he was admitted to the bar and entered upon 
active practice as junior partner in the law firm of McNaught & 
Leary, which association was maintained until 1878, when he became 
a member of the firm of Struve, Haines & Leary. Four years later, 
however, he retired from active law practice and became a factor 
in the management of gigantic commercial and public enterprises 

60 31oi>n fitaty 

which have led not only to the improvement of the city but also to 
the development of the suiTovmding comitry. In the meantime, 
however, he had served for several terms as a member of the city 
council of Seattle and in 1884 was elected mayor. His was a notable 
administration during the formative period in the city's history and 
he exercised his official prerogatives in such a manner that the public 
welfare was greatly promoted and in all that he did he looked beyond 
the exigencies of the present to the opportunities and possibilities of 
the future. The position of mayor was not a salaried one at that 
time, but he gave much time and thought to the direction of mvmicipal 
affairs and while serving was instrumental in having First avenue, 
then a mud hole, improved and planked. He was the first mayor 
to keep regular office hours and thoroughly systematized municipal 
interests. Through the conduct and direction of important business 
enterprises his work was perhaps of even greater value to Seattle. 
A contemporary historian said in this connection: 

"When he came to Seattle none of the important enterprises which 
have made possible its present greatness had been inaugurated. The 
most vital period of the city's history had just begun. Only men 
of the keenest foresight anticipated and prepared for a struggle, the 
issue of which meant the very existence of the city itself. No city 
so richly endowed by nature ever stood in such need of strong, brave 
and sagacious men. Mr. Leary was among the first to outline a 
course of action such as would preserve the supremacy of Seattle, 
and with characteristic energy and foresight he threw himself into 
the work. A natural leader, he was soon at the head of all that 
was going on. A pioneer among pioneers, it fell to his lot to blaze 
the way for what time has proven to have been a wise and well directed 
move. When the Northern Pacific Railroad Company sought to 
ignore and possibly to commercially destroy Seattle, Mr. Leaiy be- 
came a leader of resolute men who heroically undertook to build up 
the city independently of the opposition of this powerful corporation. 
To this end the Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad was built, an enter- 
prise which at that time served a most useful purpose in restoring 
confidence in the business future of the city, and which has ever since 
been a source of large revenue to the place. Throughout the entire 
struggle, which involved the very existence of Seattle, Mr. Leary was 
most actively engaged, and to his labors, his counsel and his means 
the city is indeed greatly indebted." 

In 1872 Mr. Leary tm-ned his attention to the development of the 
coal fields of this locality, opening and operating the Talbot mine in 
connection with John Collins. He was instrumental in organizing a 

31oi)n Leatp ei 

company for supplying the city with gas and served as its president 
until 1878, thus being closely identified with the early material de- 
velopment of his community. His enterprise also resulted in the 
establishment of the waterworks system and along these and many 
other lines his efforts were so directed that splendid benefits resulted 
to the city. In fact, he was one of the men who laid the fotindations 
for the future growth and importance of Seattle. It was he who 
made known to the world the resources of the city in iron and coal. 
Between the years 1878 and 1880 he had exploring parties out all 
along the west coast to Cape Flattery and on the Skagit and Similki- 
nieen rivers, also through the Mount Baker district and several coxm- 
ties in eastern Washington. His explorations proved conclusively 
that western Washington was rich in coal and iron, while here and 
there valuable deposits of precious metals were to be found. The 
value of Mr. Leary's work to the state in this connection cannot be 
overestimated, as he performed a work the expense of which is usually 
borne by the commonwealths themselves. Another phase of his 
activity reached into the field of journalism. In 1882 he became 
principal owner of the Seattle Post, now consolidated with the Intel- 
ligencer under the style of the Post-Intelligencer. He brought about 
the amalgamation of the morning papers and erected what was known 
as the Post building, one of the best of the early business blocks of the 
city. In 1883 he was associated with Mr. Yesler in the erection of 
the Yesler-Leary block at a cost of more than one hundred thousand 
dollars, but this building, which was then the finest in the city, was 
destroyed by the great fire of June, 1889. One can never measure 
the full extent of Mr. Leary's efforts, for his activity touched almost 
every line leading to public progress. He was active in the establish- 
ment of the Alaska Mail service, resulting in the development of 
important trade connections between that country and Seattle. He 
was elected to the presidency of the Chamber of Commerce, which he 
had aided in organizing, and he also became president of the Seattle 
Land & Improvement Company and of the West Coast Improvement 
Company and the Seattle Warehouse & Elevator Company. He was 
on the directorate of the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Railway Com- 
pany, was one of the directors of the West Street & North End Elec- 
tric Railway Company, which he aided in organizing, and was likewise 
a promoter and director of the James Street & Broadway Cable & 
Electric line. In financial circles he figured prominently as president 
of the Seattle National Bank but was compelled to resign that position 
on account of the demands of other business interests. In February, 
1891, he organized the Columbia River & Puget Sound Navigation 

62 3[oi)n Learg 

Company, capitalized for five hiuidred thousand dollars, in which he 
held one-fifth of the stock. That company owned the steamers Tele- 
phone, Fleetwood, Bailey Gatzert, Floyd and other vessels operating 
between Puget Soiuid and Victoria. Ere his death a biographer wrote 
of him: 

"It is a characteristic of Mr. Leary's make-up that he moves on 
large lines and is never so happy as when at the head of some great 
business enterprise. His very presence is stimulating. Buoyant and 
hopeful by nature, he imparts his own enthusiasm to those around 
him. He has not overlooked the importance of manufacturing inter- 
ests to a city like Seattle, and over and over again has encouraged and 
aided, often at a personal loss, in the establishment of manufacturing 
enterprises, having in this regard probably done more than any other 
citizen of Seattle. He has ever recognized and acted on the principle 
that property has its duties as well as rights, and that one of its prime 
duties is to aid and build up the community where the possessor has 
made his wealth. There are few men in the city, therefore, who, in the 
course of the last twenty years, have aided in giving emploj^ment to 
a larger number of men that Mr. Leary, or whose individual efforts 
have contributed more of good to the general prosperity of Seattle." 

On the 21st of April, 1892, Mr. Leary wedded Eliza P. Ferry, 
a daughter of the late Governor Elisha P. Ferry. Their happy mar- 
ried life was terminated in his death on the 9th of February, 1905, 
at which time he left an estate valued at about two million dollars. 
He practically retired from active business about 1893. After his 
death the estate built upon the site of his old home the Leary-Ferry 

Mr. Leary was a man of most generous spirit, giving freely in 
charity to worthy individuals and to important public enterprises. He 
built the finest residence in Seattle just before his death and took great 
pleasure in planning and erecting the home, but did not live to occupy 
it. He might be termed a man of large efficiency, of large purpose and 
larger action. He looked at no question from a narrow or contracted 
standpoint, but had a broad vision of conditions, opportunities and 
advantages. His life was never self-centered but reached out along 
aU those lines which lead to municipal progress and public benefit. 
His work has not yet reached its full fruition but, like the constantly 
broadening ripple on the surface of the water, its effect is still felt 
in the upbuilding and improvement of the city. Mrs. Leary still 
makes her home in Seattle and is very active in charitable work and 
in club circles, being identified with many women's clubs. Mr. Leary 
was also president of the Rainier Club, the leading social organization 

3iol)n ILeatp 


of Seattle, and those who came in contact with him entertained for him 
the warmest friendship, the highest admiration and the greatest esteem. 
His was a life in which merit brought him to the front and made him 
a leader of men. 

^.P^-^w-^X^JU G-^^^^uU.^^ 

Colonel #ranbille 0\i}tn Jlaller 

,HE life record of Colonel Granville Owen Haller was 
an exposition of a spirit of lofty patriotism, manifest 
as strongly in his efforts for the development and 
upbuilding of the northwest as in his service through 
so many years as a member of the army. While he 
wore the nation's uniform he was a strict disciplina- 
rian, prompt in executing the conmiands of a superior officer and 
equally alert to see that his own orders were faithfully executed. His 
nation's honor was his foremost thought. When he retired to private 
life he still felt that he owed a service to his country and he gave it 
in his efforts to promote progress and upbuilding in the northwest 
and Washington came to know him as one of its most honored and 
valued citizens. He was serving as president of its Old Settlers 
Society at the time of his demise. 

Colonel Haller was born in York, Pennsylvania, January 31, 
1819, and his father, George Haller, also fii-st opened his eyes to the 
light of day in York. He died when his son Granville was but two 
years of age and the mother was left with four young children to care 
for and support. She displayed the spirit of sacrifice characteristic 
of the mother and so managed her affairs that she was able to give 
her children good educational opportunities. Granville O. Haller 
attended school in his native town and early in life determined upon 
a mihtary career. Following examination by the board of military 
officers at Washington, D. C, in 1839, he was commissioned second 
lieutenant in the Fourth Regiment in the United States Infantry, 
although then but twenty years of age. In 1841-2 he participated in 
the Florida war, taking part in the battle of Big Cypress Swamp 
and the engagement which resulted in the capture of Halleck Tush- 
nugger's band, which brought an end to the conflict. From the 1st of 
January, 1843, until he resigned, on the 10th of September, 1845, he 
was adjutant of the Fourth Infantry, and he became brigade major 
of the Third Brigade, United States Regidars under General Taylor, 
in Texas, in 1845. During the war with Mexico he commanded his 
company from the time of the siege of Vera Cruz until the city of 
Mexico was captured, participating in a number of hotly contested 
engagements in the valley of Mexico, including the attack upon the 

68 Colonel (^ranuUle ff)teien pallet 

fortifications of San Antonio and the storming of El Molino del Rey. 
It was his valor and gallantry on that occasion that won for him the 
brevet of major. After participating in the capture of Mexico city 
and in skirmisliing witliin its walls on the following day, the officer's 
report mentioned his gallantry and valuable aid. On the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 1848, he was advanced to the rank of captain in the Fourth 
Infantry and afterward spent some time on recruiting duty. 

In 1852 the order came for Majors Sanders and Haller to join the 
department of the Pacific with their respective commands and they 
sailed on the United States store ship Fredonia, by way of Cape 
Horn, arriving at San Francisco in June, 1853, thus completing a 
vo3^age of seven months. Major Haller and his company proceeded 
at once to Fort Vancouver, Washington, and later to Fort Dallas, 
Oregon, after which he was engaged in active military duty against 
the Indians when military force was of necessity employed to make 
them understand that the atrocities and murders which they had 
inflicted upon the settlers must be stopped. He was an active partici- 
pant all through the Indian war of the northwest and rendered val- 
uable aid to the government and to the brave pioneer people who 
were attempting to reclaim the region for the purposes of civilization. 
In the fall of 1856 he received orders to establish and command a 
fort near Port TovtTisend and the work, notwithstanding many for- 
midable difficulties, was satisfactorily accomplished, and for many 
years the fort was garrisoned and known as Fort Townsend. 

In speaking of his military career a contemporary biographer 
said: "While there the Major and his men were a most efficient force 
in protecting the settlers, and well does Major Haller deserve men- 
tion in the history of the northwest, for his efforts contributed in 
larger measure than the vast majority to the development of this 
region, for had it not been for the protection which he gave to the 
settlers the Indians would have rendered impossible the labors of the 
pioneers in the work of reclaiming the wild land for purjjoses of 
civilization and planting the industries which have led to the material 
ujibuilding of this portion of the country. For some time Major 
Haller was with his command on board the United States ship pa- 
trolhng the waters of the Sound and removed all foreign Indians 
from the district. While thus engaged he also participated in the 
occupation of San Juan island until the boundary question was set- 
tled. In 1860 he was assigned to Fort Mojave, in Arizona, and while 
stationed there he treated the Indians with such consideration and 
justice that when his command had withdrawn he had so gained the 
goodwill of the red race that the miners had no hesitation about con- 

Colonel C&tantiiUc flPtoen trailer 69 

tinuing their operations there and did so without molestation. In 
1861 came orders for Major Haller to proceed with his command to 
San Diego, California, and afterward to New York citj^ to join the 
army then being organized by General McClellan. He had previ- 
ously been brevet major but on the 25th of September, 1861, was 
promoted to major of the Seventh Infantry but the members of the 
regiment were being held as prisoners of war in Texas and Major 
Haller reported to General McClellan and shortly afterward was 
appointed conmiandant general at the general headquarters on the 
staff of McClellan and the Ninety-third Regiment of New York 
Volunteers was placed under his command as guard of the headquar- 
ters. Major Haller was thus employed under General McClellan 
throughout the Virginia and Maryland campaign and the subsequent 
campaign of General Burnside and also for a short time under Gen- 
eral Hooker. He was then designated provost marshal general of 
Maryland and later was detached and sent to York and Gettysburg 
to muster in volunteers and to get all the information possible of the 
movements of the enemy, also to order the citizens to remove the stock 
and property across the Susquehanna out of the way of the rebel 
army. While thus busily engaged in the service of his country. 
Major Haller was wrongfully reported for disloyalty to the govern- 
ment and in the latter part of July, 1863, he was dismissed from the 
service without a hearing. Astonished beyond measure, he demanded 
a hearing and was refused. Not satisfied to submit to such a great 
wrong, after sixteen years of waiting he secured a hearing and was 
fully exonerated. His honor was fully vindicated and he was rein- 
stated in the army and commissioned colonel of infantiy in the United 
States Regulars. His command was the Twenty-third Infantry and 
he continued as its colonel from December 11, 1879, to February 6, 
1882, at which time he was retired, being over sixty-three years of 

During the period in which he was not connected with the army 
Colonel Haller was a resident of Washington territory and gave his 
attention to the development of a fine farm on Whidby island. His 
work demonstrated the possibilities of Washington for the produc- 
tion of nearly all kinds of agricultural and horticultural products and 
the example which he set in this direction has proven of immense value 
to the state, being followed by others. He also gave attention to the 
manufacture of lumber and likewise engaged in merchandising. His 
business interests were of a character which contributed to the settle- 
ment, upbuilding and improvement of the district in which he lived. 
He was very liberal in giving credit to the settlers who wished to buy 

70 Colonel (QxanMillt Dtoen l^allec 

provisions and implements and thus enabled many to gain a good 
start. While he was engaged in business he also acquired large grants 
of land wliich were at fii-st of little value but with the settlement of 
the state their value greatly increased, and improvements also added 
to their selling price, so that eventually the property became a source 
of gratifying income to Colonel Haller and his family. Upon his 
retirement from the army he returned to Washington, having devel- 
oped a great fondness for the state during the years of his former 
residence here. He located in Seattle in 1882 and remained continu- 
ously a resident of this city until his life's labors were ended in death. 

On the 21st of June, 1849, Colonel Haller was married to Miss 
Henrietta Maria Cox, who belonged to a prominent Irish family, 
descendants of Sir Richard Cox, who was her great-grandfather and 
was once lord chancellor of Ireland. Coming to the new world her 
people located in Pennsylvania and in that state Mrs. Haller was 
reared, educated and married. Five children were born to this union. 
Henry died at an early age. Morris came to Seattle prior to the loca- 
tion of his parents here and became prominent as an attorney. He 
was the organizer of extensive business enterprises which have proven 
of the greatest value and benefit in the upbuilding of the material 
interests of the state. He was one of the organizers of the Seattle, 
Lake Shore & Eastern Railroad Company and various other busi- 
ness interests of great magnitude which contributed not alone to the 
success of the owners and stockholders but as well to general pros- 
perity. In 1889, while on a hunting and fishing trip with T. T. Minor 
and E. Louis Cox, he was accidentally drowned. This was a distinct 
loss to the community in which he lived and to the state for he had 
gained many friends and his standing and prominence in business 
circles had made him a valued factor in public life. Alice Mai Hal- 
ler, the eldest daughter, became the wife of Lieutenant (now Colonel) 
William A. Nichols and died leaving two children. Charlotte Elinor 
and Theodore N. Haller, the latter mentioned on another page of 
this work, are the two surviving members of the family. 

The family circle was once more broken by the hand of death, 
when on the 2d of May> 1897, Colonel Haller passed away, his demise 
being the occasion of deep and sincere regret to all who knew him. 
He was then in the seventy-ninth year of his age, and he was the presi- 
dent of the State Pioneer Society. In Masonry he occupied a promi- 
nent position, having been grand master of the Grand Lodge of the 
territory. He took the degrees both of the York and the Scottish 
Rites, and his views were considered authority on Masonic usages, 
tenets and rites. He was also the commander of the Military Order 

Colonel (gtantijHe ffl)toen jailer 71 

of the Loyal Legion of Wasliington. That he possessed business 
ability of high order is indicated in the fact that he recognized the 
opportunities for the development of the northwest and for judicious 
investment and in time his property brought to him and his family a 
very gratifying income. The greater part of liis life, however, was 
devoted to his country's service and there was no man who displayed 
a more loyal or devoted patriotism. He loved the old flag and regard- 
ed it ever as the symbol of the highest national honor. He was a 
man of fine personal appearance and of military bearing. His broad 
brow indicated a strong intellect, his eyes shone clear and bright, and 
he was never afraid to look any man in the face. He had the courage 
of his convictions, his ideals of life were high, and he ever endeavored 
to exemplify them in his daily conduct. Thus he left to his family 
the priceless heritage of an untarnished name and an example which 
may well serve as a source of inspiration to others. 


ilortial ^. latimer 

jPPORTUNITY is as a wiU-o'-the-wisp before the 
dreamer, tauntingly plays before the sluggard, but 
surrenders to the man of determination and ambition 
and yields its treasures to industry and perseverance. 
The truth of this statement finds verification in the 
life record of Norval H. Latimer who, through the 
steps of an orderly progression, has worked his way steadily upward 
in the business world, winning the prizes therein offered and standing 
today as one of the prominent financiers of Seattle, being now presi- 
dent of the Dexter Horton National Bank. He was born in Mon- 
mouth, Illinois, May 7, 1863, a son of William G. and Martha J. 
Latimer. The father's birth occurred in Abingdon, Illinois, June 3, 
1832, and he was there educated at Hedding College. He afterward 
engaged in farming until 1850, when he crossed the plains, being one 
of the first white men upon the present site of the city of Seattle. 
The following year he returned to Abingdon and again engaged in 
general agricultural pursuits until after the outbreak of the Civil 
war, when, in the opening year of hostilities he became first lieutenant 
of Companj^ I, Eighty-third Illinois Volunteers, with which command 
he was mustered out in 1863. He then once more returned to the farm 
and devoted his attention to general agricultural pursuits until 1882, 
when he came to Seattle and engaged in buying and selling real estate, 
remaining actively in that field of business for five years. In 1887 
a recognition of his public spirit and ability on the part of his fellow 
townsmen led to his election to the office of county treasurer. He was 
at one time commander of John F. Miller Post and also Stephen's 
Post, G. A. R., and was an exemplary member of the Masonic fra- 
ternitj^ He was married at Berwick, Illinois, to Miss Martha Pierce, 
and they became the parents of four children. 

Norval H. Latimer, who attended the district schools near Mon- 
mouth, Illinois, until fifteen years of age, afterward worked upon his 
father's farm for a year and then went to Kirkwood, Illinois, where 
he accepted a position as messenger in the first National Bank. Still 
later he became bookkeeper in that institution and so continued until 
1882, when his interests became allied with those of the northwest. 
In that year he arrived in Seattle and secured employment with the 

76 jeortial ^, KLatimer 

Dexter Horton Company, bankers, as messenger and janitor at a 
salary of fifty dollars per month. That he was thoroughly reliable 
and capable is indicated in the fact that when a half year had passed 
his salary was raised to eighty dollars per month, and two years later 
he was made assistant cashier. In 1889 he became manager of the 
bank but virtually performed the duties of president and cashier, 
because the incumbents of those offices devoted all their time to per- 
sonal interests. In July, 1910, they secured a new charter, changing 
the name to the Dexter Horton National Bank, at which time Mr. 
Latimer was elected president and director. He has since controlled 
the policy and interests of this institution, which is one of the strong 
and reliable moneyed concerns of the northwest, having an extensive 
patronage and carrying on a banking business of large proportions. 
Mr. Latimer is also a director and member of the executive committee 
of the Dexter Horton Trust & Savings Bank, is president of the First 
National Bank of Port Townsend and president of the Wauconda 
Investment Company, owners of Seattle property valued at one and 
a half million dollars. Thus important are the interests of Mr. 
Latimer, whose sound business judgment enables him to gain ready 
and correct solution for intricate business problems. 

Mr. Latimer was married in Seattle, May 22, 1890, to Miss Mar- 
garet Moore, and this union has been blessed with eight children. 
Arthur G., twenty -three years of age, is a graduate of the agricultm-al 
department of the University of Wisconsin, and is now engaged in 
farming near Medford, Oregon. Chester M., who is twenty-two years 
old, graduated from Yale and is now connected with the Dexter 
Horton National Bank. Earl H., twenty years of age, is a student in 
the University of Washington. Allen W. and Walter B., aged 
respectively sixteen and fourteen years, are attending high school. 
Ray N. and Vernon, aged respectively twelve and ten years, are 
pupils in the public schools. Margaret is attending St. Nichols 
School for Girls. 

Mr. Latimer is a Scottish Rite Mason and a member of the 
Mystic Shrine and upon him has been conferred the honorary thirty- 
third degree. He is a very prominent figure in club circles of Seattle, 
being a life member of the Arctic, Rainier and Seattle Athletic Clubs, 
and also a member of the Seattle Golf and Coimtry Club and the 
Seattle Yacht Club, while in the Tacoma Club of Tacoma, he also 
holds membership. From the age of fifteen years he has been depen- 
dent upon his own resources, at which period he made his initial step 
in business. He has never allowed personal interest or ambition to 
dwarf his public spirit or activity and yet along well defined lines of 

j^otDal ^. Hatimet 


labor he has met with notable success. His is the record of a strenuous 
life — the record of a strong individuality, sure of itself, stable in 
purpose, quick in perception, swift in decision, energetic and persistent 
in action. 

/-C^) -^^ C^C^-i-^C^UL^' 


Ceorge Hinnear 

I'l^^g^LI'i^ S long as Seattle stands, the name of Kinnear will be 
C^^^Cj) an honored one in the city. It is perpetuated in 
^^ /\ c5 Kinnear Park and in other public projects which owe 
r ^ *• *■ f 5 their existence to his efforts and are the result of his 
W<7's C ;y 7>W sagacity and his public spirit. Dealing in real estate, 
he became one of the capitalists of Seattle and con- 
tributed in most substantial measure to its upbuilding and develop- 
ment. A native of Ohio, he was born in Pickaway county in 1836 
and was taken by his parents to Tippecanoe county, Indiana, the 
family home being established on the banks of the Wabash, the father 
there building the first log cabin at La Fayette. He was three years 
of age when his father purchased land on Flint creek and there erected 
a brick dwelling from brick which he made on his land, while the floors, 
laths, doors, window frames and casings were 'of black walnut. George 
Kinnear had reached the age of nine years when the father started 
with his family for Woodford county, Illinois, taking with him his 
flock and herds. They had advanced but one hundred yards, how- 
ever, when one of the wagons broke and little nine-year-old, bare- 
footed George ran back to the house and cut a notch in the window 
sill. Sixty-four years later he rapped at the door of this same house. 
An old lady appeared, to whom he related that the place was his 
former home. She said that must be impossible, for she had lived 
there sixty-four years, that she was there when the former owner, 
Charles Kinnear, and family left with their teams for Illinois, that 
shortly after the start a little boy came running back, went into the 
next room — Mr. Kinnear interrupted — "Let me, unaccompanied, go 
into the next room and see what that litle boy did." He went straight 
to his window sill and there, intact, was the notch. For a few seconds 
he was again a barefooted, nine-year-old boy making that notch. It 
was his last act of affection for the Indiana home after the rest of the 
family had gone from the house perhaps forever. 

George Kinnear spent the time in the usual manner of farm lads 
at the old home on Walnut creek, in Woodford county, until the 
outbreak of the war. Years afterward there was to be a home coming 
in Woodford county and Mr. Kinnear in response to an invitation 
to be present on that occasion, wrote that he regretfully declined the 

82 agotge minneat 

invitation but gave an account of his experiences and recollections of 
the early times in that locality. From this we quote, not only because 
it gives an excellent picture of the life lived there in that day but also 
because it gives a splendid idea of the literary talent of the man who 
in the intervening years had advanced from poverty to affluence and 
had become a prominent figure in the community in which he lived. 
He said: "In the year 1851 when I was a boy, we settled in Walnut 
Grove. Then and for several years thereafter our postoffice was at 
Washington and there is where we did most of our trading. Near 
by where we built our house was the old camp ground of the Pottawot- 
tomies. Their camp ground was str«wn with pieces of flint and arrow 
heads and their old trails leading oiF in diiFerent directions remained. 
Often in my quiet strolls through the woods in my imagination I 
peopled the forest again with Indians and almost wished I were 
one. Most of the country between Walnut Grove and Washington 
was wet, with many ponds and sloughs. The road was anywhere 
we saw fit to drive (always aiming, however, to keep on the top of 
the sod). In driving across sloughs, we would drive at a run for 
fear of going through, but if we got into a rut or the sod broke, we 
were stuck. During the summer time I went to Washington twice 
a week to have the prairie plows sharpened and while the work was 
being done I would stroll about and peer into the little stores and 
shops, which were interesting to the boy raised on a farm and not 
used to town life. I remember one day seeing at Washington a 
bunch of little girls wading about barefoot in the mud like a lot of 
little ducks. One of them was little five-year-old Angie Simmons. 
When I was seventeen years old, I went to work in A. H. Danforth's 
store, where I remained about four months, beginning at the bottom, 
sweeping, moving boxes, etc., occasionally selling goods. I observed 
then how mean some men could be. When I was at work and nobody 
else around, several of the men would say, 'They make you sweep. 
They make you do the dirty work. I wouldn't stand it,' but I 
had sense enough to know my place. I did not like store keeping and 
remained only four months. 

"In 1865 the war was over and I was at home and out of business. 
I bought a brand new buggy and a nice team. I started out on the 
morning of the Fourth of July to see what I might. My father, 
I suppose, to plague me, said, 'Yes, you will marry the first girl you 
get into that buggy.' I struck out straight for Washington, tied up 
my team and walked over to where the speaking would be held. 
Meeting my old friend, Diego Ross, he at once introduced me to a 
handsome girl. I profFered to find her a seat, which she accepted. 

aeotgg B>inncat 83 

Considering the circumstances of our new acquaintance with each 
other and the courtesies due from one to the other, we paid reasonably 
good attention to the reading of the Declaration of Independence and 
the oration, and at the conclusion of the same I drove with her in my 
buggy to her home and there engaged her company for that evening 
to view the fireworks. (First girl in buggy.) 

"The Washington people had a great celebration. The old anvil 
roared and stirred up great enthusiasm and the fireworks were bril- 
liant. My girl and I were seated in the buggy watching the fireworks 
and some girls were walking by in the weeds. I heard my girl say, 
'Sally, is the dog fennel wet?' Was that a joke or sarcasm? The 
question was asked, 'Where will we be the next Fourth?' The answer 
was, 'Why not here?' Now we made an appointment one year ahead. 
An appointment one year ahead seemed a long way off, so I called 
occasionally to see if she and I were still on good terms or if she had 
gone off with another fellow. The next Fourth came around and 
we were there in the buggy watching the fireworks. (First girl still 
in the buggy.) One time I called about noon. She met me at the 
door with her sleeves rolled up. She asked me if I would stay for 
dinner and I said 'Yes.' She was beaten for once. She thought I 
would know enough to say 'No.' I was ahead one meal. By this time 
we were getting enthusiastic on the Fourth of July and set another 
date a year ahead. But we began negotiations now in earnest and on 
March 28, 1867, we were married. (First girl in buggy.) It was 
hard to beat old father at a guess. The first girl in buggy took the 
buggy and from that time on ruled the roost. The first girl in buggy 
and the little five-year-old Angie Simmons were one and the same. 

"But take me back, take me back to the times when Nature was 
clothed in her natural garments; when the log cabin was the only 
dwelling place of the settler; when rough logs chinked with mud 
and sticks, a rough stone chimney, a punchean floor, a clapboard roof, 
the latch string hanging out were both hut and palace. In those 
times the forest trees, untouched by the woodman's axe, stood in all 
their native beauty. The woods were full of wild fruit — the wild 
cherries, wild plums, crabapples, mulberries, hackberries, elderberries, 
gooseberries, black currants, wild grapes and May apples, red haws, 
black haws, acorns, chinkapins, hickory nuts and walnuts, pawpaws 
and persimmons and wild honey in nearly every hollow tree. Of the 
game birds there were droves of wild turkeys, pheasants, quail, doves, 
woodpeckers, yellow hammers, plovers and sap suckers. Of the ani- 
mals, the deer, squirrel, coon, 'possimi, rabbit, wolf and fox. The 
streams teemed with fish. 

84 ( geocgg Einneat 

"I looked up into the sky and saw the myriads upon myriads of 
wild pigeons. They were in columns extending from horizon to 
horizon and to the north and south as far as eye could see; at times 
they almost darkened the sun, and out on the prairie I saw millions 
of wild geese, ducks, bi-ants and cranes sporting about the sloughs 
and ponds, their quacking, screaming, chirping and whirring of wings 
sounding like distant thunder. Out in another direction on the dry 
ground I saw the prairie chickens. They were almost as numerous 
as the water fowl. They were crowing and cackling and chasing 
each other around in the grass. Among the birds or off by them- 
selves were herds of deer feeding on the prairie grass. 

"Here was the sj)ortsman's paradise. He would never consent 
to be transported with joy to another land. From his flocks and 
herds he would suj)ply the table with the choicest venison, geese, 
ducks and prairie hens to suit the guests at the sumptuous feast. 
This was the joyful place for the rugged, barefoot boy, bareheaded, 
on a bareback horse, with a gun and a dog by his side. With what 
joy, after following the deer across the plain, would he carry home to 
his mother the trophj-^ of the chase ! This was the place for the rosy- 
cheeked girl, clad in her linsey dress, in a bewildering mass of wild. 
flowers, trailing vines and rustling leaves, as happy as the feathered 
songsters that surrounded her and sang with her their dehght at the 
beautiful scene. What a treat it would be now to go back with our 
baskets into those woods and gather the nuts as they fall from the 
trees, to pull down the black haw bush and gather the richest berry 
that grows, and the sweet persimmons we'd gather, too. Farther 
down the wood lies the pawpaw patch, and from among its leaves 
we'd pick the ripe, juicy fruit and at last start for home, our baskets 
filled to the brim. Let us go home, to our old home again. We see 
the large fireplace, the wide hearth, the old Dutch oven in which mother 
baked her bread and boiled the mush before the fire. The table is 
spread with the bread mother baked, the bowls of mush and milk, the 
roasted game the hunter brought, the baked potatoes and luscious f i-uit 
and the pumpkin pie mother made from the flat pie pumpkin. A 
barefoot boy is squatting on the floor and with the mush pot between 
his legs is scraping the kettle for the crust. Out in the woods we hear 
the wild turkey gobble ; the drunuiiing of the pheasant and the nuts 
dropping from the trees ; we see the waving of the treetops and hear 
the rustling of the leaves, the song of the birds and the barking of 
the squirrels and watch them leap from tree to tree. They are all our 
friends. How I like them! Let me go among them alone at night 
with my dog and there I'll follow the 'possum and the coon, stroll 

g&cocge l^inncat 85 

along the silent creek and listen to the songs of the frogs, the hooting 
of the owl and the whippoorwill. This is Aug-ust 31, 1911. How 
pleasant now to remember old Washington surrounded by broad 
prairies and beautiful groves and inhabited by friends and associates 
of the early days! Here from the Shore of the Great Pacific, the 
Land of the Sahnon and the Big Red Apple, to you of the Land of 
the Rustling Corn we send Greeting!" 

In the letter from which the above quotation was taken Mr. Kin- 
near referred to his military service. With the outbreak of the Civil 
war he joined the Forty-seventh Illinois Regiment, with which he 
remained mi til mustered out in 1864. On his way home while cross- 
ing the Mississippi he said, "I have chewed tobacco for eleven years. 
This is no habit for a young man to start out in life with," and threw 
into the water a silver pocket case full of tobacco. That was character- 
istic of Mr. Kinnear. If once he decided that a course was wrong or 
unwise he did not hesitate to turn aside, for he never deviated from a 
path which he beheved to be right. It was this fidelity to all that he 
thought to be worth while in the development of character that made 
him the splendid specimen of manhood, remembered by his many 
friends in Seattle. 

Following his return from the war his mother handed him thirty- 
six hundred dollars^his pay, which he had sent her while at the front 
to help her in the conduct of household affairs. With the mother's 
sacrifice and devotion, however, she had saved it all for him and with 
that amount he invested in a herd of cattle which he fed through the 
winter and sold at an advance the following spring, using the proceeds 
in the purchase of two sections of Illinois land. He not only became 
identified with farming interests but from 1864 until 1869 held the 
office of county clerk of Woodford county, Illinois, proving a most 
capable and trustworthy official in that position. On retiring from 
the office he concentrated his energies upon the development and cul- 
tivation of his land and while carrying on farming he would purchase 
corn in the fall and place it in cribs, selling when the market reached, 
as he believed, its best point. In the meantime he studied conditions 
in the developing northwest. His attention was first called to the 
Puget Sound country in 1864 and thereafter from time to time his 
mind returned to that district. Knowing that the waters of the Sound 
were navigable he believed that one day a great city would be built 
there and after ten years, in which he pondered the question, he made 
a trip to the northwest in 1874, looking over the different locations. 
He was most favorably impressed with the site of Seattle and before 
he returned to Illinois he purchased what is known as the G. Kinnear 

86 aeotge jtinneac 

addition on the south side of Queen Anne Hill. He then returned 
home and four years later, or in 1878, he brought his family to the 
northwest. He felt that investment in property here would be of 
immense advantage and as fast as he could sell his Illinois land at 
fifty doUars per acre he converted the proceeds into Seattle real estate, 
much of which rose rapidly in value. There was but a tiny town here 
at the time of his arrival and from the beginning of his residence on 
the Sound he did everything in his power to make known to the coun- 
try the possibilities and opportunities of the northwest and to aid in 
the development of the city in which he had located. He favored and 
fostered every measure which he believed would prove of benefit to 
the town and coimtry. In 1878-9 he labored strenuously to secure the 
building of a wagon road over the Snoqualmie Pass and as the or- 
ganizer of the board of immigration he had several thousand pamph- 
lets printed, sent advertisements to the newspapers throughout the 
country and as the result of this widespread publicity, letters request- 
ing pamphlets arrived at the rate of one hundred or more per day and 
for several years after the printed supply had been exhausted the 
requests kept coming in. Just how far his efforts and influence ex- 
tended in the upbuilding of the northwest it is impossible to determine 
but it is a recognized fact that Mr. Kinnear's work in behalf of Seattle 
has been far-reaching and most beneficial. 

In 1886, at the time of the Chinese riots, he was captain of the 
Home Guard and in that connection did important service. The anti- 
Chinese feeling in the northwest found expression in action in the 
fall of 1885, when the Chinese were expelled from a number of towns 
along the coast by mobs and an Anti-Chinese Congress was held in 
Seattle which promulgated a manifesto that all Chinese must leave 
the localities represented in the congress on or prior to the first day 
of November, The authorities in Seattle prepared to resist the law- 
less element and the 1st of November came without the Chinese having 
been driven out of Seattle. On the 3d of November the Chinese were 
expelled from Tacoma and the spirit of hatred against the Mon- 
golians grew in intensity along the coast. As the weeks passed the 
leaders of the anti-Chinese forces continued their activity and it be- 
came increasingljf evident that there was serious trouble ahead. One 
morning ten or a dozen men met in Seattle, among them Mr. Kinnear, 
and he proposed that a force of citizens be organized and armed for 
the purpose of holding the mob element in check. All present agreed 
and subsequently a company of eighty men armed with breech-loading 
guns was organized and given the name of the Home Guards. Mr. 
Kinnear was made captain of this organization and arrangements 

( George ffilinneac s? 

were made for signals to be given to indicate that the mob had actually 
begun the attack. As several inaccm-ate accounts of the riot have 
appeared, Captain Kinnear published a small book giving a correct 
accoimt of the whole anti-Chinese trouble and from this the following 
quotation is taken: 

"On Sunday morning (Feb. 7th), about eleven o'clock, the old 
University and Methodist Episcopal chui-ch bells sounded the signals. 
At a meeting the previous evening a committee had been appointed 
to take charge of the removal of the Chinese. They proceeded to the 
Chinese quarters with wagons, ordered the Orientals to pack up, then, 
with the aid of the rioters, placed them and their baggage onto 
wagons and drove them to the dock at the foot of Main Street, the 
intention being to load them onto the Steamer Queen, which was ex- 
pected from San Francisco at any hour. Upon the arrival of Captain 
Alexander with the Queen at Port Townsend, he first learned of the 
situation at Seattle and when he arrived at the Ocean Dock he ran out 
the hot water hose, declaring he would scald all persons attempting to 
force their way onto the ship. They willingly kept at a distance. But 
the city was completely in the hands of the mob. The acting Chief- 
of-Police Murphy and nearly all of the police force were aiding in 
the lawless acts. Early in the daj^ Governor Watson C. Squire, being 
in the city, issued his proclamation ordering them to desist from vio- 
lence, to disperse and return to their homes. Their only answer was 
yells and howls of defiance. He ordered out two military companies 
stationed in the city to report to the sheriff of the county for the pur- 
pose of enforcing the laws. A squad of eighteen men from the Home 
Guards escorted C. K. Henry, United States Department Marshall, 
to the front of Dexter Horton's Bank, where the governor's proc- 
lamation was read to the howling mob. They were furious at the 
presence of the armed men and would have attacked had the Guards 
not promptly returned to their quarters at the engine house. The 
removal of the Chinese from their homes continued till there were 
about three hundred and fifty herded on Ocean Dock awaiting the 
transportation by rail or steamer to carry them away. A strong guard 
of rioters was placed over them. Only those who could pay their fare 
were permitted to board the ship. The citizens subscribed a portion 
of the money to pay the fares of one hundred, being all that could be 
carried on the boat. In the meantime a writ of Hebeas Corpus was 
issued by Judge Roger S. Greene, detaining the vessel and requiring 
Captain Alexander to produce the Chinese then on his vessel at the 
court room next morning at eight o'clock, that each Chinaman might 
be informed of his legal rights and say if he desired to go or remain ; 

88 ( George Mnmat 

that if he wanted to remain he would be protected. Early in the morn- 
ing of the 7th, the Home Guards were ordered placed where they 
could best guard the city. The entire force was posted at the corner 
of Washington Street and Second Avenue and details sent out from 
there to guard a portion of the city. That night a portion of the 
Guards and the Seattle Rifles took up their quarters at the Court 
House, Company D remaining at their armory. The authorities 
were active during the entire night in doing everj^thing they could^ to 
enforce the laws. Governor Squire telegraphed the Secretary of 
War, also General Gibbon, commanding the Department of the 
Columbia, the situation. About midnight an attempt was made to 
move the Chinese to a train and send a part of them out of the city 
that way, but the Seattle Rifles and Company D were sent to guard 
the train and succeeded in getting it out ahead of time. While most 
of the mob that had not yet retired was down at the train, a squad of 
the Home Guards was detailed to take possession of the north and 
south wings of the Ocean Dock upon which were quartered the Chin- 
ese, watched over by McMillan, Kidd and others, all of whom were 
prevented by the Home Guards from leaving the dock. By daylight 
the Seattle Rifles and University Cadets with a squad from the Home 
Guards were lined up across the two wing approaches to the main dock. 
In the early morning the mob was gathering again and soon the ad- 
joining wharves and streets were blocked with angry men who saw 
they were defeated in keeping charge of the Chinese. As their niun- 
bers increased, they became bolder and declared their purpose to kill 
or drive out the Guards. Early that morning after warrant was 
issued by George G. Lyon, Justice of the Peace, the leading agitators 
were arrested and locked in jail, where they were confined at the time 
the Home Guards escorted the Chinese from the dock to the court- 
house pursuant to the writ of Habeas Corpus issued by Judge Greene. 
Of course there would have been a skirmish somewhere between the 
dock and the courthouse if the anti-Chinese forces had not been de- 
prived of their leaders. At the conclusion of court proceedings, the 
Home Guards escorted all of the Chinese back so that those who were 
to leave on the Queen might do so and the others went to the dock to 
reclaim their personal eif ects which they had carried from their houses 
or which were carted there by the mob. At this time the leaders who 
had been arrested had been released from jail on bail, at least some of 
them had, and they acted as a committee to disburse money which 
had been raised to pay the passage of those Chinese who wanted to go 
to San Francisco on the Queen. The committee, or some members 
of it, were permitted to go upon the dock, but the mass of anti-Chinese 

( george aiinneat 89 

forces were held in check by the Home Guards, Seattle Rifles and 
University Cadets, who maintained a line across the docks extending 
from Main Street to Washington Street. The numbers of the dis- 
orderly element were increasing and there was every indication of 
trouble ahead. President Powell of the University had been mingling 
among the crowd and informed us that they were planning to take our 
guns away from us. The Guards had been expecting this and were 
prepared all the time for trouble. After the Queen left, the remain- 
ing Chinese were ordered moved back to their quarters where they had 
been living and the Chinese were formed in column with baskets and 
bundles of all sizes which made them a clumsy lot to handle. In front 
was placed the Home Guards — the Seattle Rifles and the University 
Cadets coming two hundred and fifty yards in the rear. The march 
began up Main Street. The Home Guards were well closed up as 
they had been cautioned to march that way. Crowds of men were on 
the street, but they gave way. But on our left, on the north side of 
the street, they now lined up in better order and as the head of the 
column reached Commercial Street and alongside the New England 
Hotel, at a signal the rioters sprang at the Guards and seized a num- 
ber of their gims, which began to go off". The rioters instantly let go 
the guns and crowded back. They were surprised that the guns were 
loaded. One man was killed and four wounded. This seemed to 
have the desired eff'ect on them. Immediately the Guards were formed 
across Commercial Street looking north. The Seattle Rifles and 
University Cadets formed on Main Street facing the docks, where 
there was a large crowd, a few men were faced to the south and east, 
thus forming a square at Commercial and Main Streets. The dense 
mobs were in the streets to the north and west. To the north as far as 
Yesler Way the street was packed full of raving, howling, angry 
men, threatening revenge on those who were interfering with their 
lawlessness. I selected Mr. C. H. Hanford and Mr. F. H. Whit- 
worth and directed them to press the crowd back so as to keep an open 
space between our line and the front of the mob. Many of the mob 
were seen with arms. At the time of shooting, several shots were 
fired by the mob, one ball passing through the sheriff"s coat, but none 
of our men were hurt. Back a distance a number of the leaders 
mounted boxes and by their fierce harangues tried to stir the mob to 
seek revenge. There was no order given to fire. The men understood 
their business and knew when to shoot. We remained in this position 
about half an hour, until Captain Haines, with Company D, appeared 
coming down the street from the north, the mob cheering with great 
delight and opening the way to give them free passage. Shortly 

90 (george g^inneat 

afterwards the mob called on John Keane for a speech. He mounted 
a box in front of the New England Hotel and made a speech in the 
following words: 'All of ye's go to your homes. There has been 
trouble enough this day.' Then the Home Guards, Rifles, and Cadets 
conducted the Chinese to their quarters and then marched to the court- 
house, wliich from that time on, with Company D, was their head- 

In the afternoon of that day Governor Watson C. Squire pro- 
claimed the city under martial law and the Guards and militia with 
the assistance of the Volunteers were able to maintain order in the 
city. In the meantime the president of the United States ordered 
General Gibbon, who was stationed at Vancouver, to send federal 
troops to the aid of Seattle. On the morning of the 10th Colonel de 
Russy arrived with the Fourteenth Infantry to relieve the Guards 
and militia, who had been on constant duty for three days and nights 
without sleep or rest. With the arrival of the regular troops the 
disorderly element quieted down but the leaders of the Guards and 
militia feared that Avhen the federal troops were withdrawn the rioters 
would again attempt to control the city. Accordingly, the Home 
Guards, the Seattle Rifles and Company D were all raised to one 
hundred men each and another company of one hundred men was 
raised. These troops, which represented men from every walk of 
life, drilled constantly and it was well that they did so, for as soon as 
the regular troops had gone, it became evident that the mob was taking- 
steps to organize an armed force. Conditions were so unsettled for 
several months that it was necessary for the four hundred men to 
continue their drilling and to be constantly alert. Eventually, how- 
ever, the excitement died out and quiet was restored and business again 
went on as usual. Too great praise cannot be given Mr. Kinnear for 
the course which he pursued in connection with these riots. He 
recognized at once that the greatest public enemies are those who 
seek to establish mob rule and overturn the forces of order and good 
government and he recognized the necessity of maintaining the rights 
of all. His insight was equalled by his public spirit and courage and 
he deserves the lasting gratitude of Seattle for what he did at that 
time to maintain her honor and good faith. 

Mr. Kinnear at all times manifested a deep interest in the welfare 
of the city and in working for its improvement kept in mind the future 
as well as the present. In 1887 he gave to the city fourteen acres of 
land which overlooks the Sound from the west side of Queen Anne 
Hill and which, splendidly improved, now constitutes beautiful Kin- 
near Park. It is one of the things of which Seattle is proud and as 

(george lainneat 9i 

the city grows in population its value will be more and more appre- 
ciated. In many other ways Mr. Kinnear manifested his foresight 
and his concern for the public good and he was a potent factor in the 
development of the city along many lines. His qualities of heart 
and mind were such as combined to form the noblest type of manhood 
and in all relations of life he conformed to the highest moral stand- 
ards. He was not only miiversally conceded to be a man of unusual 
ability and one of the foremost citizens of Seattle, but he was per- 
sonally popular. In the spring and summer of 1910 he and his 
wife toured Europe and at that time wrote a number of extremely 
interesting articles relative to the diiFerent countries through which 
they traveled, and these articles are still in the possession of the 
family. Of Mr. Kinnear it has been said: "He was as upright 
as he was in stature — honest, energetic, clear-headed and generous. 
He met his responsibilities fearlessly and lived his life worthily. He 
was willing to be persuaded along right lines — but he was not to be 
badgered. He was as kind hearted as he was hearty and he had not 
been sick since the war." During the later years of his life Mr, 
Kinnear traveled extensivelj^ and took the greatest pleasure in being 
in the open, near to nature's heart. On the 21st of July, 1912, he 
spent a day on Steilacoom Plains, returning by automobile in the 
evening. On the following morning he was seen watering the flowers 
on the front porch and later entered the house, awaiting the call for 
the morning meal, but when it came, life had passed and he had gone 
on as he wished, without a period of wearisome illness, but in the midst 
of health and action and good cheer. His going calls to mind the 
words of James Whitcomb Riley. 

"I cannot say, and I will not say 
That he is dead. He is just away! 
With a cheery smile, and a wave of the hand, 
He has wandered into an unknown land. 
And left us dreaming how very fair 
It needs must be, since he lingers there. 
And you, O you, who the wildest yearn 
For the old-time step and the glad return — 
Think of him faring on, as dear 
In the love of There as the love of Here; 
Think of him still as the same, I say; 
He is not dead — he is just away!" 

CbtDtn (iatbner ^mesi 

5DWIN GARDNER AMES has been a resident of 

Ey... the northwest since October, 1881, in which year he 
(W came to Washington as an employe of the Puget Mill 
12 ( Company. He has continuously been connected with 
that corporation through all the intervening years 
and advancing steadily step by step now occupies a 
position of exceptional prominence in connection with the lumber 
industry of this part of the country. There is little connected with 
the trade with which he is not familiar. He knows the business in 
principle and detail and his success has been the logical sequence of his 
indefatigable energy and intelligently directed activity. He came 
from a state where for many years the lumber industry of the country 
centered, being a native of Maine. His birth occurred in East Machias, 
that state, on the 2d of July, 1856, his parents being John K. and 
Sarah (Sanborn) Ames, both representatives of old English families, 
although the ancestors have lived in this country through several gen- 
erations. In the paternal line they were mostly seafaring men but the 
father turned his attention to the lumber business and became one of 
the prominent representatives of the trade in the Pine Tree state. 

Edwin Gardner Ames was reared in his native town and in Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, pursuing his education in the public schools of 
both cities, finishing a high-school course in 1875. The time which he 
spent with his father in his boyhood and the active assistance which he 
rendered him as the years went on thoroughlj'- acquainted him with the 
lumber trade in his youth. He also worked for some time in a general 
mercantile establishment at Machias but his eyes turned with longing 
to the west as a consequence of the favorable reports which he had 
heard concerning business opportunities on the Pacific coast. In 1879, 
therefore, he made his way to San Francisco, where he spent two years 
as collector in the employ of the firm of Pope & Talbot, one of the large 
lumber firms on the coast. In October, 1881, he arrived in Washing- 
ton in response to a call from the Puget Mill Company. He was 
originally employed as timekeeper in their mill at Port Gamble but 
step by step advanced as he gave proof of his ability, efficiency and 
trustworthiness. In time he was made business manager and in that 
position still continues, with headquarters in the general offices in 

96 ( gpteiin (gatOnet 3meg 

Seattle. The Puget Mill Company is one of the largest concerns of 
its kind operating in the United States, and as business manager 
Mr, Ames has become widely known as a prominent figure in connec- 
tion with the lumber industry of the country, for, acquainted with 
every phase of the business and adding to his broad knowledge, admin- 
istrative ability and executive force, he is contributing in large measure 
to the success of the company which he represents, and occupies a place 
of weU deserved prominence in connection with the lumber trade of the 
northwest. As his abihty became recognized, his cooperation was 
sought along various lines and he is now a director and vice president 
of the Seattle National Bank, a du-ector of the Metropolitan Bank of 
Seattle and a trustee of the Washington Savings & Loan Association. 
For a number of years he has been president of the Pacific Lumber 
Inspection Bureau, he was made a director of the Pacific Coast Lvun- 
ber Manufactiu-ers Association and has various other interests of 

On the 17th of October, 1888, Mr. Ames was united in marriage to 
Miss Maud Walker, a daughter of William Walker, of Seattle and 
Port Gamble. They are prominently known in the social circles of 
the city in which they reside and Mr. Ames is a f amiHar figure in some 
of the leading clubs of this city, holding membership in the Rainier, 
Arctic, Seattle Athletic, the Commercial and the Metropolitan Clubs. 
He also belongs to the Union Club of Tacoma, while fraternally he is 
a prominent Mason, having attained the Knights Templar degree in 
the York Rite, the thirty-second degree in the Scottish Rite, and 
having crossed the sands of the desert with the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. Politically he is a republican and for eleven years filled the 
ofiice of county commissioner in Kitsap county. Otherwise he has 
neither sought nor held public office, his interest in public aff'airs being 
merely that of a good citizen, for he prefers to concentrate his energies 
upon his business activities and his close application, sound judgment 
and unremitting energy have been the salient features in a most suc- 
cessful and commendable career. The west is indeed a land of oppor- 
tunity and when men bring to it ambition and a willingness to work, 
the outcome is sure. Mr. Ames stands as a splendid example of the 
fact that the door of success swings wide to a persistent, honorable 

iHautice ifWcJUicfeen 

|ITH the practice of law in Seattle Maurice McMicken 
has been continuously connected since 1881 and 
gradually has advanced to a position of leadership. 
For a number of years he has been accorded a place 
of prominence in the legal profession, his ability 
being attested by the high regard of his colleagues 
and contemporaries. A native of Minnesota, he was born in Dodge 
county, October 12, 1860, his parents being General William and 
Rowena J. (Ostrander) McMicken. The father, who was long a 
resident of Olyjnpia, Washington, was of Scotch lineage, while the 
mother was descended from ancestors who early settled in New 
England and Pennsylvania. The parents removed to the north- 
west when their son Maurice was a lad of thirteen years. General 
McMicken had already been employed for a year or more on the 
building of the Northern Pacific Railroad between Kalama and 
Tacoma and had become surveyor general of the territory, with 
residence in Olympia. He was joined by his family, and the son, 
who had begun his education in the public schools of Minnesota, 
continued his studies in Olympia. In 1877 he became a student 
in the Ujniversity of California at Berkeley with the class of 1881. 
A review of the broad field of business, with its countless avenues 
and opportunities, led him to the decision of making the study and 
practice of law his life work and for some time he read in the office 
of Dolph, Bronaugh, Dolph & Simon in Portland, Oregon. 

The late fall of 1881 witnessed the arrival of Mr. McMicken 
in Seattle and at that time he became a law clerk in the office of 
Struve & Haines, prominent attorneys, the firm being composed of 
Judge H. G. Struve and J. C. Haines. Thorough preliminary 
reading prepared Mr. McMicken for admission to the bar in July, 
1882, and that he had won the regard of his former preceptors is 
indicated in the fact that he was admitted to partnership on the 1st 
of July, 1883, under the firm name of Struve, Haines & McMicken. 
That relation was maintained untU 1890, when Colonel Haines with- 
drew to become attorney for the Oregon Improvement Company, 
and the firm became Struve & McMicken. Up to that time Mr. 

100 gjgaucice d^c^^icUn 

Struve had been employed almost exclusively as counsel by the 
firm's clients, while Colonel Haines has attended to the work of the 
courts. Mr. McMicken also devoted his attention to office practice, 
but as there was necessity for some one to care for the court work 
of the firm they employed other lawyers from time to time, one of 
these being E. C. Hughes, who was then a member of the firm of 
Hughes, Hastings & Stedman. As time passed a constantly in- 
creasing share of the court work was sent to him. Senator John 
B. Allen, after failing of reelection in February, 1893, decided to 
remove from Walla Walla to Seattle and on the 1st of October 
of that year there was a new partnership formed under the style 
of Struve, Allen, Hughes & McMicken, the existence of the firm 
continuing uninterruptedly until the death of Senator Allen in Feb- 
ruary, 1905. Soon afterward Judge Struve withdrew and with the 
admission of two new members the fii'm style of Hughes, McMicken, 
Dovell & Ramsey was adopted. In all these different partnership 
relations Mr. McMicken has enjoyed a large clientage, that has placed 
him with the eminent lawyers of the state. He is ready and resource- 
ful, thoroughly knows the law and in its application is seldom, if ever, 
at fault. He has always preferred to confine his attention to the 
work of the counselor and in that connection his legal advice has been 
continuously sought. 

Into other fields he has extended his efforts and various enter- 
prises with which he has been connected have proven important 
features in the upbuilding and prosperity of the city. He aided in 
incorporating the First Avenue and the Madison Street Cable Com- 
panies, was secretary of the two companies for some time and aided 
in building both lines. He also became interested in the North 
Seattle and South Seattle Street Railway Companies, which extended 
the First Avenue system in both directions. During the financial 
depression following the panic of 1893 it was with difficulty that these 
enterprises were continued, but, owing to the capable and wise man- 
agement of Mr. McMicken and his associates, the business was not 
suspended and finally they sold to the Seattle Electric Company. 

On the 11th of March, 1885, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. 
McMicken and Miss Alice F. Smith. Their children are three in 
number, Hallidie, William Erie and Maurice Rey. The family 
attend the Unitarian church and Mr. McMicken is well known in 
club circles, holding membership with the Rainier, University, Seattle 
Golf and Country, Ai-ctic and Seattle Yacht Clubs. He is always 
approachable, always genial and always busy. Advancement has 
come to him as the direct result of his close application and thorough 

Qgautice Q^cgjiickcn loi 

preparation for his profession and his unfaltering devotion to his 
clients' interests. At the same time he has found opportmiity to 
cooperate in measures relative to the general good, to which he has 
manifested a public-spirited devotion. 


^htxt E, Spencer 

[OBERT R. SPENCER was born at Worthington, 
Ohio, August 19, 1854. His father, Oliver M. Spen- 
cer, a native of the same state, was prominently con- 
nected with educational work, first in Ohio and 
afterwards at Iowa City, Iowa, where he was the first 
president of the State University of Iowa. Later 
he served for twelve years as United States consul at Genoa, Italy. 
He was then transferred to Melbourne, Australia, where he served 
for several years as United States consul general. 

Robert R. Spencer passed his boyhood from the age of eleven to 
the age of seventeen with his parents at Genoa, where, in addition to 
his school work, he assisted, during the latter part of that period, in 
the work of the consular office. He then returned to Iowa City, 
entered the State University of Iowa, and at the same he also com- 
menced his work in the Johnson County Savings Bank. In order 
to give exclusive attention to business he gave up his college work 
about one year before the time for graduation, and during the remain- 
ing forty years of his life devoted himself to the banking business. 
At the age of twenty-two, in the absence of the cashier, he discharged 
the duties of that office, and at the age of twenty-three, became cashier 
of the bank, which position he held untU the year 1889. He then con- 
cluded to come to Seattle, and among friends, for the most part resi- 
dents of Iowa, arranged for capital to start a bank in this city. He 
further arranged with Mr. Ritz, a prominent business man of Walla 
Walla, to join in establishing the new bank and assist him in making 
the necessary local connections. With plans fully matured he left 
Iowa City and arranged with Mr. Ritz to meet him at the depot in 
Walla Walla. At Walla Walla, not meeting his friend at the train, 
he made inquiries at the station and ascertained that Mr. Ritz had 
died within the past few days. Nevertheless Mr. Spencer continued 
his trip to Seattle, and although a complete stranger in the city, 
within a few weeks had enlisted the requisite support of local capital- 
ists and founded the new bank, which was organized under the state 
law, with a capital of one hundred thousand dollars, and bore the 
name of The Bank of Commerce. He arrived in this city February 
16, 1889, and opened the bank for business on the 15th of May in 

106 EoSert R, ^pencet 

one side of a storeroom on First avenue, the other side being occupied 
by a book store conducted by Griffith Davies, The first president of 
the bank was Richard Holyoke and the second, M. D. Ballard. In 
the fire of June 6, 1889, which reduced the business area of Seattle 
to a waste of ashes, soon to be covered by a city of tents, the building 
in which the bank was located was destroyed. Mr. Spencer remained 
in the building while it was still in flames, storing the money and books 
of the bank in the safe, and was only induced by his friends to leave 
shortly before the building collapsed. The same afternoon he took 
the steamer to Tacoma and secured the money necessary for the 
resumption of business. As a result of the fire there were only two 
brick buildings left standing in Seattle, one of which was the Boston 
block. In this building was the Haley-Glenn Grocery; and the day 
following the fii-e the Bank of Commerce and the Merchants National 
Bank both opened for business in the front windows of this grocery 
store, each bank being located in a window space about six by eight 
feet at the side of the entrance. Soon afterwards the bank secured 
quarters in a small storeroom in an old frame building at the corner 
of Second avenue and Cherry street, where the Alaska building now 
stands, renting it from a dressmaking establishment which had occu- 
pied it before the fire. The business of the bank was conducted in 
this one storeroom and the furniture consisted of a small counter, 
one small table and a few chairs. The Merchants National Bank 
was located in similar quarters across the hall, and Dexter Horton & 
Company, Bankers, had quarters in the Kilgen block, a partially 
completed building a few doors south. Shortly after the close of bank- 
ing hours upon each business day, the officers and employes of the 
various banks could be seen, each with a loaded revolver in his pocket, 
with the gold and currency of the bank gathered in sacks, carting the 
same to the safe deposit vaults, then located at the foot of Cherry 
street. As a consequence of the numerous removals resulting from 
the rebuilding of the city and the change of business locations, the 
bank was later located from time to time, at First and Yesler, at 
Second and Cherry in what is now known as the Railway Exchange 
building, and in its present quarters in the Leary building. 

Soon after its organization the bank was reorganized under the 
national banking laws, with its present name of The National Bank 
of Commerce of Seattle, with a capital of three hundred thousand 
dollars. Of this institution, like its predecessor, Mr. Spencer acted 
as cashier and the chief active officer until the year 1906. Under his 
management the bank passed safely through the panic of 1893. 

Early in the nineties, H. C. Henry, following the path of his 

Robert E« ^pencet io7 

railroad construction, came to Seattle, and soon afterwards became 
vice president of the National Bank of Commerce. Upon the retire- 
ment of M. D. Ballard, about 1898, he succeeded to the presidency 
and has ever since been connected with the institution. 

After 1897 the growth of the bank, like that of the community, 
was rapid. In 1906 there was merged with it the Washington 
National Bank. The combined institution was capitalized at one 
million dollars, and at once became one of the leading financial institu- 
tions of the northwest, its resources now amounting to about fourteen 
million dollars. Mr. Spencer became first vice president, continuing 
as such till the time of his death. The panic of 1907, following very 
closely upon the merger of these two banks, was a period of great 
anxiety and responsibility for those engaged in the banking business 
in Seattle. Mr. Spencer was the head executive of the bank present 
at that time, and one of the bankers of longest experience then doing- 
business in Seattle, and his responsibilities were correspondingly 
heavj'. It is largely due to the policies which he supported that the 
banking interests of this city passed through the crisis unscathed. 

Mr. Spencer was one of the original incorporators of Seattle's 
fii'st clearing house and at the time of his death was one of the two 
surviving signers of the articles of incorporation of that institution 
still left in active banking business in this city. 

From the time of the formation of the Bank of Commerce, Mr. 
Spencer was not only identified at all times with the banking busi- 
ness of Seattle but also was actively connected with various other 
important business interests. He was elected a director of the Seattle 
Brewing & INIalting Company at the time of its organization and was 
subsequently made its vice i^resident. He was also a director and 
vice president of the San Juan Fishing & Packing Company, a direc- 
tor of the Denny- Renton, Clay & Coal Company and the Mexican- 
Pacific Company and president of the IMonticello Steamship Com- 
pany, which runs a line of steamers between San Francisco and 

Mr. Silencer was married at Iowa City, Iowa, August 30, 1876, 
to Louise E. Lovelace, a daughter of Chauncey F. and Sarah L. 
Lovelace, of that city. Mrs. Spencer and their children, Mary S. de 
Steiguer and Oliver C. Spencer, now vice president of the State Bank 
of Centralia, survive him. 

Mr. Spencer was noted for his restless energy, quick decision, 
resourcefulness and disregard of nonessentials. In his business deal- 
ings he was remarkable for his openness and candor. He played the 
game with all his cards on the table. His nature was preeminently 

108 Rotiett n, Spencer 

social, and he was a well-known member of the Rainier, Seattle Ath- 
letic, Arctic, Seattle Yacht and Seattle Golf and Comitry Clubs. He 
was an enthusiastic sportsman and from time to time took keen interest 
in hunting, yachting, cycling, motoring and golf. In politics he was 
always a consistent, and in early life an active and enthusiastic, 

Mr. Spencer died on the 4th day of January, 1916. Resolutions 
were adopted by the Seattle Clearing House, the National Bank of 
Commerce, the Seattle Brewing & Malting Company and various 
other organizations. As showing the consideration in which he was 
held by his associates, we quote the following from the resolutions 
of the National Bank of Commerce : 

"At Seattle, January 4, 1916, Mr. Spencer, after a few hours' 
illness, passed away. He had for nearly thirty years been a high and 
active officer of this bank, and his long experience, sovmd judgment 
and thorough knowledge of banking in every branch made his services 
as an executive officer invaluable and his place most difficult to fill. 
Mr. Spencer always took a deep personal interest in the business of 
the bank's patrons, many of whom have often expressed their deep 
appreciation of his sound and kindly advice and will feel with us that 
they lose in him a true and loyal friend whose experience, ability and 
deep interest make his loss doubly felt. He was a man of fine ability 
and unswerving honor, and in the long course of his business career 
his integrity was never doubted nor his word questioned. He was 
generous, imselfish, of a loyal and kindly heart, and while winning 
many friends, never lost one." 

)YRON PHELPS, of Seattle, filling the position of 
county auditor in King county for the second term, 
has passed the seventy-third milestone on life's jour- 
ney and yet in spirit and interests seems still in his 
prime. Because he has never abused nature's laws, 
because his life has been intelligently guided and his 
powers developed through the exercise of eifort, he today possesses 
the physical and intellectual vigor of a man of much younger years 
and is one of the valued citizens of the Soimd country. 

He was born in Forest, Livingston county, Illinois, March 4, 1842, 
a son of Orin and Elizabeth H. (Jones) Phelps. The father was a 
native of Boston, Massachusetts, born September 30, 1811, and the 
mother's birth occurred at Bordentown, New Jersey, December 26, 
1820. Both were well educated. They became Illinois pioneer set- 
tlers, taking up their abode upon a farm in that state in 1838. In 
the early times they met many of the hardships and privations of 
frontier life. As the country became more thickly settled, Mr. 
Phelps not only carried on farming and stock-raising but also engaged 
extensively in contracting and building and became widely known 
in that connection. He built many bridges which stood the test of 
time and would now be curiosities, being constructed entirely of wood 
without metal, even wooden pins being used instead of nails. When 
counties and townships were organized in his section of the state he 
was called to serve in various official positions, including those of 
school director, collector, treasurer and surveyor. He died in 1898, 
while his wife passed away in December, 1911. 

The ancestors of the Phelps family took an active part in the 
Revolutionary war, both on land and sea, and one of them. Captain 
John Phelps, commanded a company in the colonial wars and also 
served as a captain in the Revolutionary war. The first of the name 
in America was Henry Phelps, who came from London to the new 
world in 1634, and the direct line of descent is traced down through 
Henry, John, John, Captain John, Dr. Moses, Sewall and Orin to 
Byron Phelph. Dr. Moses Phelps served not only as a soldier but 
also as a surgeon in the Revolutionary war and was with Washing- 
ton's army at Valley Forge. It wiU thus be seen that Byron Phelps 

112 Iggron Pt)elpg 

is eligible to membership with the Sons of the American Revolution. 
He knows little concerning his maternal ancestry save that his grand- 
father, Charles Jones, served in a Pennsylvania regiment in the 
War of 1812. 

In his boyhood days Byron Phelps attended the subscription 
schools throughout tlie three winter months for four years, and this 
constituted his entire educational training, his broad knowledge hav- 
ing been gained through wide reading and in the school of experience. 
He worked upon the home farm, was employed in a general store and 
afterward owned and successfully conducted a retail hardware store. 
He has given an interesting picture of the condition of the country 
in which he lived and tells of the influence of such an environment 
upon Abraham Lincoln, who often tried cases at Pontiac, the county 
seat of Livingston county, in which the farm of the Phelps family 
was situated. His father once sat as a juror on a case which Lincoln 
tried, and when Byron Phelps became clerk of the county, some of the 
papers which Lincoln wrote out were still on file. Before this, Lin- 
coln had been attorney for an aunt of Mr. Phelps. The Lincoln 
home was not far distant from the Phelps home and the environment 
and conditions were practically the same. 

Speaking of this, Mr. Phelps said: "The ordinary and generally 
accepted opinion is that Lincoln came up in poverty and had a hard 
struggle for existence. I mention this because the exact opposite are 
the facts. We had an abundance, profusely so. The country was new, 
imsettled and in a state of nature, the soil was everywhere fertile and 
most easy of cultivation. Plenty of excellent hard timber, good 
water easily obtained, wild flowers and wild fruit abounded, with 
untold thousands of game and fish of the very best and of almost end- 
less variety, it was indeed a land flowing with milk and honey, 
obtainable with very little effort. * * * Under these conditions Lin- 
coln grew up to the stature of six feet, four inches, without warp or 
twist in either body or mind. He was neither homely, awkward nor 
ugly, but was a stately, dignified, gifted man, akin to all that was 
worthy of being akin to, largely due to the environment which brought 
him forth. He, in fact, was so well poised, so well balanced, as to 
appear strange, awkward and homely to us not so gifted. True, he 
had but few books to read, but he set the whole world to writing books. 
According to the nowadays too often accepted standard of success 
being based upon money or property accumulated, Abraham Lincoln 
was a decided failure, yet he had a thoroughly correct knowledge of 
finance and wealth. He had been farmer, merchant, boatman, sur- 
veyor, lawyer, legislator, soldier, president, always frugal and never 

Hgpton Pi)elp0 113 

in debt, yet when he died his estate was worth scarcely twenty thou- 
sand dollars." 

It was in this period of Illinois' development, when the land made 
ready returns for labor and ere fierce competition was introduced, 
that Byron Phelps was reared. Possessing natural mechanical inge- 
nuity and inventive genius, much of his attention was given to trans- 
forming his ideas into practical, tangible form, and he has been 
granted fifty United States patents on various inventions, consisting 
of improvements on farm machinery, in locks and various articles of 
hardware. He has also received sixteen foreign patents and many of 
these inventions have proven successful, some of them being now used 
in most countries. 

Mr. Phelps was a youth of but nineteen years when in response to 
the country's call for aid he enlisted as a private soldier, joining the 
Third Illinois Cavalry on the 7th of August, 1861. Promotion fol- 
lowed in recognition of his ability and valor. He was promoted to 
sergeant on the 24th of August, became second lieutenant in Janu- 
ary, 1864, and first lieutenant in February, 1865, and in the same 
year he acted as regimental adjutant and was adjutant of the brigade 
commanded by Colonel B. F. Marsh. Throughout the period of the 
war he was engaged in active duty under Generals Fremont, Curtis, 
Sherman, Grant, Schofield and Thomas, participating in the battles 
of Pea Ridge, Yazoo River, Champion Hills, Black River, the siege 
of Vicksburg and the battles of Franklin and Nashville, Tennessee, 
besides many skirmishes and raids incident to cavalry service. He 
was once wounded and for three years, nine months and thirteen days 
he remained at the front. 

On the 20th of March, 1866, at Fairbury, Illinois, Mr. Phelps was 
united in marriage to Miss Henrietta Skinner, the wedding ceremony 
being performed by the Rev. Thomas Hempstead, a Presbyterian 
clergyman. She was born in Devonshire, England, February 13, 
1845, a daughter of Francis and Sarah (Hill) Skinner, who emi- 
grated to the United States in 1851, settling in Illinois, where the 
father successfully followed farming. To Mr. and Mrs. Phelps have 
been born five children, namely : Harriet N., who is the wife of Will 
H. Parry; Edwin Harrington, who wedded Miss Margaret Chis- 
holm; Rolla Carl, who married Miss Frances Wilson; Donna Buck- 
ingham, who gave her hand in marriage to David H. Cale; and 
Charles Rotheus, who died June 27, 1872, at the age of four years, 
six months and twenty-two days. 

Mr. Phelps has made a close study of religion and holds that the 
beliefs of all are sacred to all alike. His faith is generally that of 

114 ^gcon pSelpg 

the Unitarian church. In 1866 he became a Mason but has never 
taken an active part in the work of the craft. Since 1908 he has 
affiliated with the Sons of the American Revolution, smce 1868 with 
the Grand Ai-my of the Republic and since 1890 with the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion, acting as commander of the Washing- 
ton State Conmiandery in 1913. His interest in commvmity affairs 
is indicated in the fact that he is identified with the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Seattle Commercial Club and the Municipal League. 

In politics Mr. Phelps was a Douglas democrat at the beginning 
of the war, but ere its close became a republican and so continued vmtil 
through the last decade, when he has largely followed an independent 
course. In 1912 he supported the progressive party, fully beheving 
in and indorsing the platform of 1912 and therefore giving to it his 
earnest support. By contributions and otherwise he has aided the 
cause of equal suffrage. He is a believer in civil service laws govern- 
ing the appointment of all public employes, county, state and 
national, and believes absolutely in entire non-partisanship in city, 
county and state affairs. Utterly opposed to war, he does not think 
that there should be maintained either a large army or navy, no matter 
what other countries may do. His opinion has been expressed in 
these words : "I beheve in properly living for my country rather than 
dying for it. In my opinion, the highest and best tj'^pe of courage 
and patriotism is exemplified in the men and women who are good 
citizens, meeting day by day the trials of life as best they can." Upon 
the question of capital and labor he has said : "I indorse the solution 
of that subject by Abraham Lincoln when he was president of the 
United States, and desire to act accordingly." Mr. Phelps has fur- 
ther expressed his opinions regarding public affairs as follows: "I 
believe in governmental control and management of all public utih- 
ties, including money and credits, and generally in the public owner- 
ship of the same, but am not inclined to hurry in these matters, because 
the general trend of public necessity and public opinion all points 
that way. With the many thousands who honestly oppose these views, 
I have faith to believe they Avill see their errors, and abandon them as 
readily as I will mine. In general we all strive earnestly for the 

That many indorse Mr. Phelps' belief and position is indicated in 
the fact that he was elected mayor of Seattle in March, 1894, at which 
time the city charter prohibited an individual from serving for two 
consecutive terms. During his administration business and industrial 
conditions were the worst that the city has ever experienced and the 
times most discouraging, yet the city officials under his guidance and 

Igpton pf)elps 115 

with his cooperation accomplished much public good. The Cedar 
river water ordinance, No. 3990, was recommended by the mayor, 
passed by the council, submitted to popular vote as advocated by Mr. 
Phelps and ratified by a large majority at the polls, resulting in the 
inauguration and completion of the present Cedar water system. 
There is an abundant gravity flow of pure snow water the year round 
and one of the best water supplies enjoyed by any city, the same 
stream serving ample water power for the city light and power plant 
since put in operation. Under the guidance of Mayor Phelps no 
office rents were paid by the city, partitions being placed in the rooms 
of the old city hall and all of the various city offices installed therein. 
Many unnecessary official positions were abolished. Men not needed 
in the police and fire departments were discharged and the salaries 
of all city employes were reduced from twenty to fifty per cent to 
meet the exigencies of the times. The cost of city light was reduced 
one half. Many vexatious city problems were solved, such as the rail- 
road right of way on the water front, then known as the old Ram's 
Horn right of way; the completion of the Lake Union and Lake 
Washington sewerage tunnels, etc. The city accounting, which had 
always before been in a state of chaos, was properly systematized 
and correct methods installed, whereby every cost, throughout all the 
departments, could be instantly arrived at. In less than thirty days 
after the administration of 1894 to 1896 had been installed, in the 
public works of the city one hundred dollars of money accomplished 
as much as three hundred dollars previously had. The city finances 
for the first time in years were placed on a cash basis, and the warrant 
scalpers went out of business as never before in the city's history. 
The first pavement of streets was inaugurated against great and per- 
sistent opposition. The brick pavements then constructed lasted for 
more than nineteen years and at the end of that time were as good 
as most cities had ever enjoyed. Notwithstanding the worts financial 
depression the country had ever experienced (1892 to 1896), the 
public debt of the city was reduced many thousands of dollars in gen- 
eral. The public appointees were of the best and retained their posi- 
tions longer than those before or since. In fact, many yet remain, 
rendering eflUcient public service. There were no defalcations, or 
shortages in any of the departments, or no accusations of any. The 
city council, then under the dual system of a board of aldermen and 
house of delegates each of nine members, was one of the most able 
councils in the city's history, and with it all departments worked for 
a common end. Under ordinance passed by it, a charter commission 
was elected which formulated the present city charter, which has been 

116 gggton Piielpg 

amended from time to time to meet the requirements of a rapidly 
growing city. The administration of the city's affairs was clean, 
simple and straightforward, and for economic management has not 
been surpassed in Seattle before or since, aU of which is attested by 
the public records. Mr. Phelps' economical and businesshke adminis- 
tration naturally aroused opposition and he received severe criticism 
from those who wanted office but were not appointed. It is always 
an unpleasant and an unpopular duty to abolish offices, discharge 
tmnecessary officials and introduce an all-around reduction of sal- 
aries, but he never faltered in his course which he believed to be right. 

Mr. Phelps has filled the following offices, serving as town clerk 
in 1868, for one year; as county clerk of Livingston county, Illinois, 
for four years, beginning in 1869; as deputy county treasurer of 
King county, Washington, being appointed in 1888; elected county 
treasurer of that county in 1890; reelected in 1892; elected mayor of 
Seattle in 1894; elected county auditor in 1912, and reelected in 1914. 
As wiU be seen, he has served two terms as county treasurer of King 
county after having been deputy treasurer. Under the laws then in 
force, a personal bond of six hundred thousand dollars was required, 
the treasurer being the sole collector and disburser of every species 
of taxes — county, state and mimicipal. 

Mr. Phelps has ever been an original and independent thinker, a 
student of past history and of present conditions, with an outlook 
into the future that is clear and comprehensive, being based upon his 
knowledge of the past and the present. He has never measured life 
from a money standard, but rather according to the opportunities 
offered for intellectual and moral progress. He has made his efforts 
count for good as a factor in the world's work, contributing to the 
substantial progress of the community in which he lives. 

^mog iiroton 

I T is not difficult to speak of the late Amos Brown, for 
his life and his character were as clear as the sun- 
hght. No man came in contact with him but speedily 
appreciated him at his true worth and knew he was a 
man who not only cherished a high ideal of duty but 
who lived up to it. He constantly labored for the 
right and from his earliest youth he devoted a large portion of his 
time to the service of others. Since his passing his friends have 
missed him, but the memory of his upright career in its sincerity and 
simplicity will not be forgotten, and they rejoice in his memory as 
that of a man who laid down his task in the twilight of the day, when 
all that he had to do had been nobly, beautifully and fully completed. 
He was a native son of New England, his birth having occurred 
at Bristol, Grafton county, New Hampshire, July 29, 1833, his 
parents being Joseph and Relief (Orduray) Brown. The family 
comes of Scotch and English ancestry, although various generations 
have been represented in the old Granite state, where Joseph Brown 
was born and reared. He became extensively and successfully 
engaged in the manufacture of lumber on the Merrimac river, where 
he dealt in masts and spars and conducted a general milling business 
which he superintended until sixty years of age, when he turned the 
business over to his sons. 

During the boyhood days of Amos Brown educational training 
was not accorded the essential value that is given it today, it being 
thought much more necessary that the boy should be well drilled in 
some useful occupation. At the early age of ten years, therefore, 
Amos Brown began work in the lumber camps and later was employed 
at driving the logs on the river. This Ufe developed in him an inde- 
pendent spirit and undaunted personal courage. He became a dar- 
ing youth in his work and because of the excellence of his labor was 
enabled to command the highest price paid for such service. In con- 
nection with the lumber industry he made rapid advancement, passing 
from one position to a higher one until he was made superintendent 
of the mill. He left home at the age of twenty-one years but con- 
tinued in the lumber business until 1858, when he disposed of his inter- 

120 amos ggtoton 

ests in the east and made his way to the gold fields along the Fraser 
river, where the precious metal had but recently been discovered. 
From New York he saUed as a steerage passenger for Victoria, Brit- 
ish Columbia, the trip being made by way of the Isthmus of Panama 
and costing him two hundred and twenty-five dollars. He eventually 
reached his destination in safety but found that the reports of the gold 
discoveries had been much exaggerated and there were hundreds of 
men without employment, facing starvation. Mr, Brown knew that 
he must resort to some other expedient, and believing that he might 
utilize his knowledge of the lumber trade, he at once sailed for Port 
Gamble, where he found ready employment at seventy-five dollars 
per month and expenses. During the first year he had charge of a 
logging camp and then purchased an interest in logging teams, tak- 
ing contracts with the milling companies to furnish them with logs. 
For two years he continued operations in that way, at the end of 
which time he sold his interest and returned to the employ of the com- 
pany with which he had previously worked on a salary. He occupied 
various responsible positions until 1865, when he resigned and 
returned to New Hampshire to visit his old home. 

Mr. Brown first saw Seattle in 1861, although two years before 
he had invested in property on Spring street between Second avenue 
and the water front. For many years he continued an active factor 
in the development and progress of the city. In 1863, in partnership 
with M. R. Maddocks and John Condon, he built the old Occidental 
Hotel, on the present site of the Occidental block. For two years 
the hotel was conducted by the firm of Maddocks, Brown & Com- 
pany but at the end of that time Mr. Brown disposed of his interest 
to John Collins. After visiting New Hampshire, in 1867 he returned 
to Seattle and formed a partnership with I. C. Ellis, of Olympia, for 
the conduct of a lumber business in which they continued with most 
gratifying success until 1882. The partnership was then dissolved 
and Mr. Brown was for a time alone in business. After selling out 
he lived retired save for the direction which he gave to his invested 
interests. The increase in property values led him to invest quite 
largely in real estate and his holdings became extensive and impor- 
tant. He held not only Seattle property but also had extensive tracts 
of timber land in several counties adjoining the Sound. 

Mr. Brown was married in 1867 to Miss Annie M. Peebles, a 
native of New York, and the same fall they erected their cottage at 
the corner of Front and Spring streets, in what was then an almost 
unbroken wilderness. They became the parents of five children: 
Anson L., now a Seattle capitalist ; Brownie, the wife of R. M. Kin- 

amos Igtotun 121 

near, associated with her elder brother in the real-estate business as 
a member of the firm of Kinnear & Brown ; Ora ; Anna ; and Helen. 
Mr. Brown was devoted to his family and his success in business ena- 
bled him to leave them a very comfortable fortune. The home has 
ever been a hospitable one and the family now occupy a large and 
beautiful residence which was erected hj Mrs. Brown. 

The family circle was broken by the hand of death when on the 
8th of April, 1899, Amos Brown was called to his final rest. On this 
occasion it was said of him: "In the passing away of Amos Brown 
the Sound country loses one of its best pioneer citizens. For over 
forty years a citizen and actively identified as he was with the growth 
of the country, his death cannot be considered in any other light than 
as a loss to the community. He was public-spirited and interested 
in any movement for the promotion or advancement of measures for 
the general good and he was scrupulously honest and upright in his 
dealings with his fellowmen. The punctual liquidation of a debt or 
obligation was one of the cardinal principles of his character. Liberal 
and benevolent, he was well known for his generosity, yet his giving 
was always without ostentation or display. When but a boy he exhib- 
ited this same generous spirit and kindly solicitude for others, and 
often when wet, cold and hungry himself, he would carry wood and 
food to a poor widow who lived neighbor to his parents, before provid- 
ing for his own comfort. He always took a lively interest in young 
men and aided many in securing positions where they could advance 
their own interests through diligence and ability. In the early days 
of his residence in the northwest he was known as the friend of the 
Indians, and as he never took advantage of them or betrayed their 
confidence, he was loved and trusted by them. He alwaj^s had a 
kindly feeling for the unfortunate and erring and often when men 
were arrested for vagrancy or trifling offences he secured their release, 
pledging liimself to furnish them employment and become responsi- 
ble for them. It is pleasing to know that his kindness was appreci- 
ated and seldom abused." 

At one time Mr. Brown was a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Worlmien but he took little interest in fraternal organizations 
or in club life. His interest centered in his home and in his business, 
yet he found ample opportunity to do good in the community and 
again and again he extended a helping hand where aid was needed. 
He was very good to the Indians, especially to Princess Angeline, 
the daughter of Chief Seattle. He built a cottage for her and Mrs. 
Brown and family ministered to her wants up to the time of her 
demise. Making his way to the northwest, Mr. Brown became identi- 

amos IBroton 

fied with its interests when the work of development and progress 
seemed scarcely begun. The efforts required to live in those imgen- 
erous surroundings, the necessity to make every blow tell and to exer- 
cise every inventive faculty, developed powers of mind and habit 
which have established distinguished names in the northwest. Mr. 
Brown was prominent as a man whose constantly expanding powers 
took him from himible surroundings to the jSeld of large enterprises 
and continually broadening opportunities. 

F. 7-/5 


CHjert Jf . Plaine 

|s^HE progress of a city depends not so much upon its 

Tyj-n machinery of government or even upon the men 
IW who fill its public offices as upon the loyal support of 
\si all of its citizens and their recognition and utiliza- 
tion of the opportunities which come for the upbuild- 
ing of the city. Prominently in this connection 
should be mentioned Elbert F. Blaine, for thirty years a resident of 
Seattle, during which period he has done much to further its welfare 
and upbuilding. He has devoted much of his life to the practice of 
law, and each forward step he has made has brought him a broader 
outlook and wider opportunities. 

He is separated by the width of the continent from his birthplace, 
being a native of Romulus, Seneca county, New York. His natal day 
was June 26, 1857, and he is descended from Scotch-Irish ancestry, 
the Blaine family having been founded in Pennsylvania long prior to 
the war which brought independence to the nation. His great-grand- 
father was a resident of Milton, Pennsylvania, and it was there that 
his grandfather and his father were born. The grandfather removed 
with his family to New York when the father, James Blaine, was a 
little lad of four summers. The latter became a farmer and in the 
community in which he lived his sterling worth of character won for 
him high regard. His fellow townsmen, appreciative of his worth 
and abihty, called him frequently to offices of honor and trust. He 
did not hold membership in any church, yet his influence was on the 
side of moral progress and was a factor in the substantial develop- 
ment of his community. He wedded Amanda Depue, a native of 
New York, and imto them were born eleven children. Both parents 
reached a ripe old age, the father dying in 1893, at the age of seventy- 
eight, while the mother passed away in her eighty-third year. 

During his student days Elbert F. Blaine attended the North- 
western Indiana Normal School at Valparaiso, and, having deter- 
mined upon the practice of law as a life work, began studying in the 
Union Law School at Albany, New York, being graduated there- 
from with the class of 1882. He was admitted to practice in the 
courts of the Empire state and afterward removed to Huron, South 
Dakota, and later to Minnesota. He remained in the middle west 

126 mbttt JF. IBlaine 

until 1884, when he took up his abode in Tacoma, Washington. The 
following year, however, he arrived in Seattle and took charge of the 
old Michigan sawmill at Belltown, On the 1st of January, 1886, 
however, he resumed the practice of law, forming a partnership with 
Hon. John J. McGUvra, one of the distinguished members of the 
Seattle bar. Their partnership association continued for several 
years and their clientage became extensive and important. They 
admitted a third partner, Lee DeVries, and when some time after- 
ward Mr. McGilvra withdrew, the firm name was changed to Blaine 
& DeVries, that relation continuing until 1899. 

In connection with his professional career a contemporary writer 
has said: "During Mr. Blaine's early practice of law no case was 
too small or unimportant for his consideration. However small the 
case he never neglected it, his motto being that whatever one under- 
takes to do, do well. When he had determined that his client was on 
the side of right, he would never give up until he had employed every 
honorable means in his power to establish his position. He thus won 
a reputation as a painstaking, thorough and capable lawyer, and by 
degrees the practice of the firm increased until the time and energy 
of its members were taxed to the utmost. Through the influence of 
the late Arthur A. Denny, a very large clientage was secured from 
the old settlers of the city of Seattle and it fell to their lot to adminis- 
ter many of their estates. In the practice of his profession, Mr. 
Blaine says he was successful in a degree greater than he ever dreamed 
he would be, and his ability as a lawyer is indicated by the fact of the 
few cases lost to the many won for his clients, and the legal business 
entrusted to his care for many years has been of the most important 

Aside from his law practice Mr. Blaine became actively inter- 
ested in real-estate operations. In 1899 he joined Charles L. Denny 
in organizing the Denny-Blaine Land Company. They practically 
took charge of the large interests of the Hon. Arthur A. Denny and 
after his death continued to manage the estate, of which Mr. Blaine 
became the attorney. He was also instrumental in reorganizing the 
Yakima Investment Company, the property being acquired by the 
Washington Irrigation Company, and since that time he has given 
much of his attention to the control of its interests, the firm operat- 
ing the Grant street car line for a number of years. The Denny- 
Blaine Company has purchased and improved a number of tracts of 
land, including Denny-Blaine Lake Park, one of the finest additions 
to Seattle. 

In 1882 Mr. Blaine was united in marriage to Miss Minerva 

mttn JF, iBIaine 127 

Stone, who was born in Seneca county. New York, a daughter of 
John R. Stone of that county and a representative of one of the old 
American families. Mr. and Mrs. Blaine now have a son, James 
Arthur. Their home is in Denny-Blaine Lake Park and is a most 
commodious and attractive residence, justly celebrated for its warm- 
hearted hospitality as well as for the beauty of the architecture and 
its tasteful furnishings. 

Mrs. Blaine belongs to Epiphany Episcopal church and to it Mr. 
Blaine is a generous contributor. He has been the champion of the 
Washington State University and has done much for its upbuilding. 
As president of the board of park commissioners of Seattle he has 
done much to secure from the city council large appropriations for the 
development of the magnificent park and boulevard system. Impor- 
tant and extensive as have been his professional and business activi- 
ties, he has ever found time to cooperate in measures relating to the 
general good. The perpetual record established by the consensus of 
opinion on the part of his fellowmen is that Mr. Blaine has been a 
most valued resident of Seattle and throughout the city he is spoken 
of in terms of admiration and respect. His life has been so varied in 
its activity, so honorable in its purpose, so far-reaching and beneficial 
in its effects, that it has become an integral part of the history of the 
state. He has exerted an immeasurable influence through his busi- 
ness enterprises and professional interests; in social circles by reason 
of a charming personality and unfeigned cordiality, and in politics 
by reason of his public spirit and devotion to the general good. He 
is a representative of that useful and helpful type of men whose ambi- 
tions and desires are centered and directed in those channels through 
which flow the greatest and most permanent good to the gi-eatest num- 
ber, and he has been helpful in bringing about those purifying and 
wholesome reforms which have been gradually growing in the polit- 
ical, mvmicipal and social life of the city. 

c^wC. ^^.? ,,^^:-^Ca^ 

|N illustrious name on the pages of the state's history 

A' is that of Judge John J. McGilvra and time serves 
>W but to heighten his fame as his works stand out in 
11 their true light and perspective in relation to other 

events of the period in which he lived and labored. 

He gathered distinction as a member of the bar and 
honors were accorded him along other lines, his entire life history 
indicating what may be accomplished when the individual is prompted 
by ambition and energy in a land of opportunity. From his twelfth 
year he was dependent upon his own resources, and few associates of 
the little lad who at the age of twelve was working as a chore boy for 
four dollars per month, would have predicted that he would become 
one of the eminent jurists of the northwest. 

Judge McGilvra was born in Livingston county. New York, July 
11, 1827, and was descended from Scotch ancestry, from whom he 
inherited many sterling traits. The family was founded in America 
by one of the name who in 1740 became a resident of Washington 
county, New York, and who was the great-grandfather of Judge 
McGilvra. The grandfather was born in Washington county and 
lived the life of an energetic, enterprising farmer for a period of 
seventy years. His son, John McGilvra, was also born and married 
there, after which he removed to Livingston coimty. New York, 
where he secured a farm which he developed and improved. 

Judge McGilvra was one of a family of seven children who were 
reared upon the old homestead in Livingston county. New York. 
The public school system of that portion of the state provided him 
his educational privileges until he reached the age of seventeen years, 
when he went with his parents to Illinois and became a student in an 
academy at Elgin, that state. In the meantime, however, he had 
begun providing for his own support. When in his twelfth year he 
secured a position as chore boy at a salary of four dollars per month 
and at other times he worked for his board and the privilege of attend- 
ing school. He was ambitious to advance, however, and utilized every 
means that enabled him to progress. He afterward took up the pro- 
fession of teaching, but regarded it merely as an initial step to other 
professional labor and in 18.50 began preparation for the bar as a 

132 l^on, 3lo[)n % QgcailUta 

law student in the office of Hon. Edward GifFord, a graduate of Yale 
College and of the Cambridge Law School. He afterward read law 
under the direction of Ebenezer Peck, a prominent Chicago attorney 
who was later one of the judges of the com-t of claims. 

In 1853 Judge McGilvra was admitted to the bar and during the 
period of his residence and law practice in Chicago he became well 
acquainted with Abraham Lincoln. A door opened between their 
respective offices and each looked after both offices during the absence 
of the other. The friendship and high regard which thus grew up 
between them continued, and when Mr. Lincoln was elected president 
he appointed Mr. McGilvra to the position of United States attorney 
for Washington territory in 1861. It was during his residence in 
Chicago that he also became intimately acquainted with Chief Justice 
Fuller, their offices being not only in the same building but upon the 
same floor. 

With his appointment to the position of United States attorney 
for Washington tei-ritory. Judge McGilvra removed with his family 
to the northwest, establishing his home in Olympia, but in the fall of 
that year they went to Vancouver, where they resided until 1864. In 
the meantime Judge McGilvra had been studying geographic and 
other conditions bearing upon the development of the west and had 
become convinced that Seattle would be the metropolis of the territory. 
In that year, therefore, he established his home in the city which con- 
tinued to be the place of his residence until his demise. For five years 
he continued to serve as United States attorney and then declined 
reappointment to the position in order to give undivided attention to 
the private practice of law and to active effort along political lines. 
He was not only a student of legal principles but of the signs of the 
times and it would have been impossible for him to continue inactive 
in relation to public affairs which shaped the political history of the 
territory. He was a natural leader of men and he did much to mold 
public opinion. In 1866 he became the republican nominee for the 
office of member of the territorial legislature and following his elec- 
tion devoted considerable attention to procuring the passage of a bill 
that secured an appropriation of twenty-five hundred dollars for the 
opening of a wagon road through the Snoqualmie pass, this being 
the first line of connection between the eastern and western parts of 
the territory save that afforded by the Columbia river. No other 
work which he could have performed would have been so beneficial 
to the territory in the development of Seattle and of this portion of 
the northwest, for it formed the only highway between eastern and 
western Washington north of the Columbia river prior to the time 

!^on« 3[oi)n % Qgc(gilt»ra 133 

the Northern Pacific Railroad was built. His views in this matter 
seem prophetic, for during the last year the road through his pass 
and over the mountains has been completed and is known as the Sunset 
route. It gives an automobile route second to none in America for 
beautiful scenery and the pass has become the gateway between the 
east and southern California. The Northern Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany seemed determined to suppress Seattle and blight its future 
by making Tacoma its terminus, after the people of this city had 
offered many inducements for the extension of the line to this point. 
A public meeting was then held, in which Mr. McGilvra ably advo- 
cated the building of another road. This resulted in the organizing 
of the Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad Company. Mr. McGilvra 
drew up the articles of incorporation and the by-laws, and for several 
years transacted all the legal business of the company. In connec- 
tion with Arthur A. Denny, James M. Colman and others, he became 
a most potent factor in raising money and in securing the construction 
of the new line. This virtually checkmated the efforts of the North- 
ern Pacific and gave to Seattle a road of its own. In the effort the 
people of the city became very enthusiastic, and some two miles of 
the road was graded by picnic parties composed of Seattle's popula- 
tion, men, women and children participating in the work. Toward 
this valuable enterprise Mr. McGilvra gave sixty acres of land and 
his services for three years, and to his mental and physical efforts 
the success of the road was largely due. 

Seattle called Judge McGilvra to the office of city attorney, which 
position he filled for two years. He afterward went to Washington, 
D. C, where he spent the winter of 1876-7 in prosecuting Seattle's 
claim to three hundred and twenty acres of land within the city limits 
under the town site law. He won the desired victory and during 
the same time he kept in touch with events in the west and gained 
knowledge that proved of great value at a later period. His atten- 
tion was called to the fact that the Northern Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany was attempting to change its branch line from the Skagit to the 
Natchez pass in the Cascade mountains and in order to do so had 
filed an amended plan or plat of its branch line with the commissioner 
of the general land office. Judge McGilvra at once directed the 
attention of Judge Orange Jacobs, then congressional delegate to 
Washington, to this fact and they both entered their protest against 
this unless the withdrawn lands on the Skagit line were restored to 
settlement. Later Judge McGilvra's services were retained by the 
people of King and other counties to assist Judge Jacobs in securing 
the restoration of those lands and after a prolonged struggle he was 

134 ^on, 3Iol)n % Qgcigiltita 

successful and five million acres were thus opened to the people for 
settlement, although the Northern Pacific made strong opposition 
thereto. The speaker of the house of representatives, however, 
allowed Judge McGUvra the privileges of the floor and Senator 
Mitchell secured for him practically the same privilege in the upper 
house of congress. He appeared before all of the committees, made 
oral arguments and submitted printed briefs with the result as above 
indicated. History shows that at first the Northern Pacific seemed 
hostile to Seattle, did everything in its power to prevent its growth 
and crush out its future prospects, but Judge McGilvra's active work 
and that of his associates brought the railroad company to terms and 
the corporation was soon glad to ask favors of the growing metropolis 
on the Sound. Possibly no man in Seattle did more to secure her 
great waterworks sj^stem than Judge McGilvra, who at first strenu- 
ously opposed the plan, suggested by City Engineer R. H. Thomson, 
of bringing water from Cedar Mountain, if it would incur a greater 
indebtedness to the city than they should be called upon to meet. 
After the plans and specifications were submitted by Mr. Thomson 
to the Judge personally, he gave them his careful consideration for 
three or four days and, finding them feasible, gave the project his 
most hearty and unqualified support. Mr. McGilvra enjoyed a most 
enviable reputation as an able and learned lawyer and was connected 
with much of the most important litigation heard in the northwest. 
His practice proved to him a gratifying source of income and he began 
making investments in real estate, the rapid rise in land values making 
him in time one of the wealthy men of Washington. He purchased 
several hundred acres of land on the city side of Lake Washington 
and platted several additions to the city. At his own expense, in 
1864-5, he opened Madison street its whole length to the lake, the 
project costing him fifteen himdred dollars. He subsidized the Madi- 
son street cable railway to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars. 
During the last ten years of his life he gave little attention to law 
practice, living retired save for the supervision which he gave to his 
property holdings. He spent considerable time in travel both in 
America and abroad and found great pleasure in visiting scenes of 
modern and historic interest. 

Judge McGilvra was married February 8, 1855, to Miss Elizabeth 
M. Hills, a native of Oneida county, New York, as was her father, 
H. O. Hills, a representative of one of the leading old Connecticut 
families of colonial days. Judge and Mrs. McGilvra became parents 
of five children, of whom two survive: Carrie E., now the wife of 
Judge Thomas Burke, who was one of the most prominent lawyers 

!E)on. 3[oJ)n % ggceimta 135 

of Seattle but is now living retired; and Oliver C, who for a con- 
siderable time was a member of the prominent law firm of Burke, 
Shepard & McGilvra. Since the dissolution of that firm he has 
engaged in practice alone. 

The death of Judge McGilvra occurred at his home on the shore 
of Lake Washington, December 19, 1903, when he was seventy-six 
j'^ears of age. There are few men whose labors have been more 
directly beneficial in connection with the material development of the 
state, in upholding its legal and political status and in advancing its 
social and moral progress. During the period of the Civil war he 
was a member of the Union League and did everything in his power 
to uphold the government in its efforts to preserve the Union. While 
conducting law cases in Washington, D. C, in 1863-4 he formed the 
acquaintance of both Secretary Chase and Secretary Stanton and he 
did valuable service for the nation in connection with the removal of 
southern sympathizers from public offices in Washington, Oregon 
and California. He never ceased to feel the deepest interest in the 
welfare of his adopted city or state and his cooperation could at any 
time be counted upon to further public progress. At one time he was 
president of the Pioneer Society of Washington and to it, on the 
occasion of the annual reunion in June, 1902, he presented a magni- 
ficent lot on the shore of Lake Washington, at the foot of Madison 
street. A two-story brick house has been constructed thereon and in 
it is placed a suitable tablet bearing expressions of gratitude to Judge 
and Mrs. McGilvra for the donation of the lot. A contemporary 
biographer wrote of Judge McGilvra: "While in practice he was 
regarded as the peer of the ablest members of the bar, and his ability 
won him distinction in legal and political circles at the capital. It is 
said of an eminent man of old that he had done things worthy to be 
written, that he had written things worthy to be read, and by his life 
had contributed to the welfare of the repubhc and the happiness of 
mankind. This eulogy is one that can well be pronounced on Judge 
John J. McGilvra." 

At his passing many who knew him well and had been long asso- 
ciated with him breathed the sentiment of the words: 
"Take him for all in all, 
I shaU not look upon his like again." 

^rL^ Aflt.^ 

jIGH on the legal arch of Washington is written the 
name of John Arthur, who was the first president of 
the Washington State Bar Association and who for 
many years has figured prominently in active practice 
in the courts of Seattle. He was born near the town 
of Ennis, County Clare, Ireland, on the 20th of 
June, 1849, and is descended from English and Irish ancestry, the 
paternal line being traced back to the Franco-Norman conquerors of 
England. The family removed to Ireland and held extensive tracts 
of land in the counties of Limerick and Clare. They went to the Em- 
erald isle with the ancestors of the families of General Wolfe, the hero 
of Quebec ; the Whites, MelviUes, Stackpooles and Martins. Chester 
A. Arthur, once president of the United States, was a scion of the 
family ; his Christian name was given him in honor of the old family 
home in England, by his father, who was a student of antiquities and 
the author of a valuable book on Family Names. In the maternal line 
Mr. Arthur is descended from the O'Connors and McMahons of 
Clare. A relative. Marshal McMahon, became president of the 
French republic. 

Mr. Arthur's family removed to England in 1861 and to America 
in 1863. His education was pursued in his native country and in Eng- 
land and America. He studied law in Erie, Pennsylvania, where he 
was admitted to the bar. This was supplemented by a four-year's 
course in Columbian University at Washington, D. C. When he had 
completed his second year's work in the imiversity the Master of Laws 
degree was conferred upon him and he was awarded the first prize for 
the best essay upon a legal subject, it being given to him in the pres- 
ence of the president of the United States, the members of the cabinet 
and the judges of the supreme court ; the presentation being made, in 
the absence of the attorney general, by the United States solicitor gen- 
eral, who spoke of the essay as an able and scholarly production and 
soon thereafter moved Mr. Arthur's admission to practice before the 
supreme court of the United States. 

President Arthur offered him the United States attorneyship for 
New Mexico, but he declined the position, feeling that his wise course 
would be to identify his interests with the growing northwest. Accord- 

140 3Ioi)n attftut 

ingly, in March, 1883, he started from Washington to Puget Sound, 
as attorney for the Tacoma Land Company, with headquarters at 
Tacoma, and through the succeeding four years spent his time ahnost 
equally between that city and Seattle but established his home in 
Seattle on the 18th of April, 1887. In May, 1888, he was elected sec- 
retary of the King County Bar Association, in which position he has 
continued since. He was the first president of the Washington State 
Bar Association. The address which he delivered as president in 1894 
was reprinted in the leading law journals of the country and treated 
as of permanent interest and value, his subject being "Lawyers in 
their Relations with the State." The newspapers made it the theme 
of editorial discussion, and it won the widespread interest and atten- 
tion of distinguished members of the bar throughout the country. 

Mr. Arthur has never had aspirations for office outside the strict 
path of his profession. While he has filled some positions of honor, 
he accepted them with reluctance, having preferred not to withdraw 
his attention in any measure from his professional duties and respon- 
sibilities. He served as president of the Board of License Commis- 
sioners of Erie, occupying that position at the time of his removal to 
Washington, D. C. He also became president of the State Board of 
University Land and Building Commissioners in Washington. These 
are the only public offices he has held, with the exception of that of law 
assistant to the first comptroller of the treasury in Washington. 

In 1880 Mr. Arthur was united in marriage in Philadelphia to 
Miss Amy A. Lane, and they reside at No. 1515 East Madison street 
in Seattle. In his political views he has always been a republican and 
has served as chairman of the King county republican central commit- 
tee. He is one of the most prominent representatives of Masonry in 
the state of Washington, and since 1889 has held membership in St. 
John's Lodge, No. 9, F. & A. M.; in Seattle Chapter, No. 3, R. A. 
M. ; and Seattle Commandery, No. 2, K. T. He has served as master 
of St. John's Lodge. In 1890 he was elected a member of Afifi Tem- 
ple, A. A. O. N. M. S., located at Tacoma, of which he became poten- 
tate in 1900. In 1892 he attained the thirty-second degree of the 
Scottish Rite. He is a charter member of Seattle Council, No. 6, R. & 
S. M. In 1902 he became grand master of Masons in Washington. His 
addresses in the grand lodge were copied extensively throughout the 
world in the Masonic press. 

Mr. Arthur's wide learning and his gift of oratory make him in 
frequent demand on public occasions, and his speeches attract wide 
attention. Two years after he had delivered an impromptu address in 
Tacoma a New England journalist wrote; "I have heard two speeches 

3io|)n act|)ur 


in my lifetime that I deemed remarkable. One was delivered by Wen- 
dell Phillips in old Faneuil Hall on the occasion of a welcome by the 
Garrison abolitionists to George Thompson, the British emissary. 
Nobody could be heard on that occasion but Wendell Phillips, and he 
scored so brilliant a trimnph with his audience that they hissed and 
cheered alternately. The other speech was made by John Arthur, and 
the audacity of that brilliant effort, aimed as it was, will not soon be 
forgotten." Another editor printed in red ink an entire Fourth of 
July oration by Mr. Arthur, with the comment : "Rarely has an audi- 
ence had spread before it such a bouquet of excellence, such soul-stir- 
ring eloquence, such an enthusing presentation of historical facts." 

Several years ago, without intimation to him that his name was 
imder consideration, he was elected a member of The Authors' Club, 
of London, in recognition of his contributions to literature. 


angus( JWacfeintosiii 

I HE late Angus Mackintosh was one of the empire 
builders in the state of Washington. He was one 
of Seattle's pioneers, coming to this state in 1870, 
and here for many years was active in real estate 
deals, the milling industry, conmiercial enterprises, 
banking, railroad promotion and other matters, all of 
which have contributed toward the greatness of the state. 

Mr. Mackintosh was a Canadian by birth. He was born in Cale- 
donia, Prescott covmty, Ontario, June 23, 1839, a son of Norman and 
Christy (Morrison) Mackintosh, natives of Scotland. He made use 
of such educational facilities as were provided in his home town and 
when but fifteen or sixteen years of age began teaching in order to 
earn the money which he needed for a college course. The serious 
purpose to succeed in life showed itself early in his youth and such 
successes and honors as came to him resulted entirely from his own 
efforts. After having acquired the means, Mr. Mackintosh attended 
McGill College and then went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where 
he graduated from a commercial academy in 1862. Shortly after- 
ward he enlisted for service in the Union army, being attached to the 
commissary department, with which he was connected until sickness 
compelled him to abandon his position in 1863. He was subsequently 
engaged in the lumber business in Michigan for a few years. 

The year 1870 marks the advent of Mr. Mackintosh in Seattle. 
The prospects and opportunities of the west had strongly appealed 
to him and induced him to make his way here. He engaged in real 
estate dealing and also gave considerable attention to abstract work. 
Being clear-headed and readily making himself master of conditions 
as they existed, he was successful. He was instrimiental in forming 
a number of commercial companies and also established a mill on the 
water front, which, however, with considerable other property that 
he owned, was destroyed by fire. Nothing daunted, Mr. Mackintosh 
continually extended his interests. In the meantime he founded the 
Merchants National Bank, of which he was the largest stockholder 
and president, and shortly afterward organized the Seattle Lumber 
& Commercial Company, with a capital stock of ten thousand dollars. 
He was the sole directing genius of this enterprise, which by its re- 

146 angus agackintogtt 

turns gave evidence of his great ability and wise foresight. The 
Seattle Lumber & Commercial Company under his management paid 
dividends of ten per cent monthly for five years and after passing- 
through the great fire had a surplus capital of one hundred thousand 
dollars. In 1884 Mr. Mackintosh was instrumental in founding the 
Safe Deposit & Trust Company, of which he was the president and 
the principal stockholder and which soon became one of the leading 
banking institutions of the state. They owned the building and safe 
deposit vaults, which were equal to any to be found in eastern cities. 
Mr. Mackintosh readily saw the necessity of such an institution in 
Seattle and not only furnished the general public with the needed 
facilities but made capital of his foresight. In railroad work he was 
equally enterprising. He was one of the promoters and trustees of 
the Walla Walla Railroad and of the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern 
Railroad. In short, his various enterprises were great factors in the 
upbuilding of the state and in developing its resources and its financial 

In 1895, as the result of default of payment by an individual to 
whom a large loan had been made din-ing the absence of Mr. Mackin- 
tosh and without his consent or advice, the Merchants National Bank 
was obliged to suspend business. With the other stockholders he lost 
heavily and afterward suflFered still further from incompetent ad- 
ministration of the bank's affairs under the receivership. In the 
following year he made a trip to Alaska in the hope of recuperating 
some of his financial losses but the expected success did not come to 
him in the far north. The unfortunate turn of affairs in the Mer- 
chants National Bank weighed heavily upon him, although there was 
not the slightest reason for self-reproach, and Mr. Mackintosh re- 
mained more or less of an invalid until his death, in July, 1904. 

In December, 1871, Mr. Mackintosh was vmited in marriage to 
Miss Elizabeth Peebles, a daughter of Hugh and Emeline Peebles. 
She was born in Otsego county. New York, and was of Scotch-Irish 
descent. Her mother was a native of Vermont. Mrs. Mackintosh 
was also one of the early arrivals in Seattle, coming here in 1866. 
She taught school in Chehalis and also in this city and was the first 
woman to act as enrolling and engrossing clerk in the house of repre- 
sentatives at Olympia. She performed her duties so well that she 
received the public thanks of the house through Speaker George H. 
Stewart, December 2, 1869. Mr. and Mrs. Mackintosh had two 
children: Kenneth, now judge of the superior court of King county; 
and Gertrude E. 

Mr. Mackintosh was one of the thoroughly public-spirited and 

gngu0 Qjacbintogj) 


patriotic men of his times. He was liberal in his views and although 
not a member of any church, supported the Methodist Episcopal 
organization. He gave his adherence to the republican party, val- 
iantly upholding its principles and candidates and contributing gen- 
erously to the cause. It is the more praiseworthy that he never sought 
public office for himself. He was a Knights Templar Mason and 
served as first eminent commander of Lodge No. 2 of Seattle. He 
had previously been a member of the order in Saginaw, Michigan. 
He also belonged to the Rainier Club and was a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. Mr. Mackintosh was one of those hardy 
types of pioneers, of unflagging industry and energy, who did much 
toward the progress of civilization in this state. A nxmiber of valu- 
able enterprises were the children of his creative brain, and he helped 
to lay the cornerstone upon which stands today the magnificent struc- 
ture of this great commonwealth. 



JIarrp ^. pigelotu 

)ARRY A. BIGELOW of Seattle had a wide ac- 
quaintance throughout the northwest and his demise, 
which occurred on the 28th of July, 1907, in Karls- 
bad, Austria, was deeply deplored by the many who 
had learned to esteem highly his business ability and 
to honor and respect him for his sterling worth as a 
man. He had extensive mining interests, was for a number of years 
engaged in the real estate and brokerage business and was one of the 
incorporators of the Queen Oil Company, owning valuable lands in 
Kern county, California. He was also a leader in fraternal circles 
and in the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Mr. Bigelow was a native of Hillsdale county, Michigan, his birth 
occurring on the 1st of November, 1848. His parents were Townsend 
and Diana H. Bigelow. His early life was spent in a rural district 
and his educational advantages were quite limited. Desiring to learn 
more of the world, at the age of sixteen he went to Illinois and there 
enlisted in Company M, Ninth Illinois Volunteer Cavalry for service 
in the Civil war. His command was a part of the Army of the Ten- 
nessee commanded by General Thomas, and Mr. Bigelow remained at 
the front until he was honorably discharged at Montgomery, Ala- 
bama. He returned to Illinois and continued his education but his 
experience in the south had made him restless and filled him with the 
desire to go to the far west, concerning which he had heard many favor- 
able reports. 

In October, 1869, in company with a sister, Mrs. Julius Horton, 
and her family, Mr. Bigelow went to San Francisco by way of the 
Union Pacific Railroad and there took a sailing vessel for Seattle. He 
was employed in various lines of business until 1878, when he entered 
the employ of one of Seattle's leading mercantile firms, with whom he 
remained for several years. In 1890 he was appointed deputy United 
States marshal by President Harrison and for three years was chief 
deputy of the state of Washington. He performed the duties of his 
important office in an efficient manner, making a record highly to his 
credit. Upon retiring from that office he engaged in the real estate 
and brokerage business, to which he devoted his time and attention 
until July, 1897. He then sailed for Dawson, Alaska, by way of St. 

152 ^actg a. Igjgeloto 

Michaels, but on account of low water in the Yukon river was unable 
to reach the great gold metropohs and located at Rampart City on 
Manook creek in American territory. During the year which he de- 
voted to prospecting he secured an interest in twenty-one mining 
claims and at the end of that time resolved to return to Seattle. In 
company with his son and three others he set out in a row boat and by 
traveling night and day made the thousand miles to St. Michaels 
in twelve days. At that port the party took steamer for Seattle. In 
November, 1898, he again embarked in the real estate business, in 
which he continued until March, 1901. He then became one of the 
incorporators of the Queen Oil Company, owning valuable lands in 
Kern county, California, and continued his connection with that com- 
pany during the remainder of his life. He passed away at Karlsbad, 
Austria, on the 28th of July, 1907. 

Mr. Bigelow was married in September, 1873, to Miss Emma K. 
Hall, a daughter of W. B. Hall, who was born in Indiana in 1843. 
In early life Mr. Hall went to Adair county, Iowa, where he resided 
for a number of years. He was quite active in political circles there 
and was county clerk and surveyor for twelve years. In 1870 he came 
to Seattle and under General McMicken surveyed all of the townships 
in King county and also did surveying work in other sections. His 
records and surveys have never been superseded, as he was very accu- 
rate in his work. About thirty years ago he retired from active life 
and is now living with his daughter Mrs. Bigelow. He was married 
in Indiana to Miss Sarah Crane, who died in February, 1907. To 
them were born three children, Mrs. Bigelow; Walter A., of Seattle; 
and Fred M., who died in 1887. Mr. Hall is a republican and his 
religious faith is that of the Methodist church. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Bigelow were born three children, Lillian Floy, Clair Vivian and 
D. Earl. 

Mr. Bigelow was a loyal republican but was not bitterly partisan, 
placing the public welfare above partj' interests. Although devoted 
to his city and section, he thought in terms of national life and his 
sincere and practical Americanism was one of his most dominant 
traits. He was prominent in the Grand Army of the Republic, was 
a charter member of Stevens Post, No. 1, the first post formed in the 
state of Washington, of which he served as commander for three 
years, and in June, 1901, he was elected commander of the Depart- 
ment of Washington and Alaska. His connection with the Masonic 
fraternity dated from 1872 and he belonged to St. John's Lodge, No. 
9, F. & A. M.; Seattle Chapter, No. 3, R. A. M.; Seattle Coimcil, No. 
6, R. & S. M.; Seattle Commandery, No. 2, K. T.; Lawson Con- 

^artp a. IBigeloto 


sistory, No. 1, and Nile Temple, A. A, O. N. M. S. He was a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and also belonged 
to the Knights of Pythias, in which order he gained distinction. In 
1884 he took part in the organization of the grand lodge of the Knights 
of Pythias in Washingon and he was elected sitting past grand chan- 
cellor. In 1885 he was chosen supreme representative of the state of 
Washington to the supreme lodge and attended every session of that 
body from that time until about four years prior to his demise. He 
organized the military branch of that order in this state and for eight 
years served as brigadier general. He was very successful in his 
business enterprises but never allowed his financial interests to monop- 
olize his time, recognizing that there are other things in life which are 
more worth while than the mere accumulation of a fortune. Aside 
from the important work which he did in fraternal circles, he took an 
active part in many movements which sought the public welfare, and 
his cooperation was a potent factor in the development of Seattle and 
the northwest along various lines. 

jR. RUFUS H. SMITH, a Seattle capitalist, whose 
business interests constituted an element in the utili- 
zation and development of the natural resources of 
the state and who through sound business judgment 
and enterprise gained a most creditable and enviable 
measure of success, passed away in February, 1916. 
He was born in Union, Monroe county. West Virginia, December 
6, 1851, his parents being Granville G. and Caroline A. (Clark) 
Smith, the latter a great-granddaughter of the famous Major John 

Rufus H. Smith attended the public, grammar and high schools 
of his native county and, having determined upon the practice of 
medicine as a life work, entered the College of Physicans and Sur- 
geons of Baltimore, Maryland, from which he was graduated with 
the class of 1877. He then began practice in Craig, Missouri, and 
was not long in winning substantial recognition of his ability. He 
continued in successful practice there until 1889, when the tales of 
the Queen City and the opportunities in this section of the coim- 
try attracted him and he removed to Seattle, arriving in the 
northwest in 1889. He at once opened an office and continued in 
practice as a physician and sm-geon for six years. He was also the 
chief surgeon for the Great Northern RaUroad Companj^ and for 
the Puget Sound Railroad Company until 1895, when his private 
business interests caused him to retire from the profession to concen- 
trate his energies upon his other concerns. He had in the meantime 
made large investments in real estate, timber lands and other prop- 
erty, and his holdings became extensive and returned to him a most 
gratifying annual income. He displayed keen insight and sagacity 
in placing his investments and the rise in property values due to the 
increased population of the coimtry made his holdings most valuable. 
On the 5th of September, 1889, Dr. Smith was united in marriage 
to Miss Frances B. Bilby, a daughter of John S. Bilby, and they had 
one child, Margaret B., now the wife of John Davis. Dr. Smith 
belonged to the Rainier Club, the Seattle Golf and Country Club 
and the Seattle Athletic Club. He was also a member of the Amer- 


Eufug \^. ^mitb, Qi« D. 

ican Medical Association and of the Missouri Medical Society, of 
which he was once president. He had a wide acquaintance in this 
city, where he resided throughout practically the entire period of its 

I^bert JBrooke ^Itiertsion 

SAW has always been regarded as the conservator of 
the rights, the liberties and the privileges of the peo- 
ple and the protector of Hfe, and thus it is that its 
representatives who are loyal to the high standards 
of the profession have ever been accorded high place 
in citizenship. Judge Robert Brooke Albertson 
entered upon practice in Seattle in 1886 and remained active in the 
work of the courts as an advocate until February 14, 1903, when he 
was appointed to the bench, whereon he has since served, his record 
reflecting credit and honor upon the judicial history of King county. 
Moreover, he has been active in other public service and none has ever 
questioned his devotion to the general good and his close adherence to 
the highest standards of citizenship. 

Mr. Albertson is far separated from the place of his nativity, for 
he is a native of Hertford, Perquimans county, North Carolina. He 
was born December 21, 1859, and traces his ancestry back to a mem- 
ber of the Quaker colony of North Carolina, which, headed by George 
Durant, settled there in the latter part of the seventeenth century. 
Since then representatives of the name have been worthy residents of 
North Carolina. Elias Albertson, his great-grandfather, filled the 
office of inspector of revenue for the Albemarle sound district, having 
been appointed to that office in 1792, his commission being signed by 
George Washington, president, and Thomas Jefferson, secretary of 
state. This document is now in possession of Judge Albertson — a 
most cherished and valued heirloom. The parents of Judge Albert- 
son were Jonathan White and Catherine Fauntleroy (Pescud) Al- 
bertson. The latter belongs to an old Virginia family and was a 
granddaughter of Peter Francisco, who was a valiant soldier of the 
Revolutionary war, some of his notable achievements being recorded 
in Lossing's Field Book of the Revolution. Jonathan White Albert- 
son also figured in public connections in North Carolina both prior 
and subsequent to the Civil war. He was a member of the bar and 
filled the offices of prosecuting attorney, United States attorney and 
judge of the superior court. He was also a member of the state legis- 
lature and of the constitutional convention and as lawyer and law- 

162 doSect 'Brooke attiett0on 

maker held high rank among the eminent representatives of the 

Fortunate is the man who has back of him an ancestry honorable 
and distinguished, and happy is he if his lines of Ufe are cast in har- 
mony therewith. Judge Robert B. Albertson is in person, in talents 
and in achievements a worthy scion of Ms race. Liberally educated, 
he is numbered among the alumni of the University of North Caro- 
lina of the class of 1881. For a year following his graduation he 
taught school and thi-ough that period devoted the hours which are 
usually termed leisure to reading law. Subsequently he became a law 
student in the State University and upon examination before the 
supreme court of North Carolina was admitted to the bar in 1883. 
Already his attention had been fastened upon the northwest with its 
opportunities and in August of that year he came to Seattle, where 
he has since remained. Recognizing the fact that it would be impos- 
sible for an imknown young man to at once begin practice and obtain 
a clientage which would enable him to live, Judge Albertson sought 
employment along other lines than liis profession and was for a time 
in the lumber yard of the Seattle Lumber & Commercial Company, 
then doing business at the foot of Columbia street. He afterward did 
reportorial work and finally became assistant editor of the Seattle 
Morning Chronicle, and six months later accepted the position of law 
clerk in the office of Burke & Rasin, pending the arrival of L. C. Gil- 
man, who was later division counsel of the Great Northern Railway 
at Seattle, and who had previously arranged to take that position. 
Later Mr. Albertson became chief clerk in the law office of Sti-uve, 
Haines & McMicken, with whom he remained for about two years, 
when, feeling that his acquaintance was now broad enough to justify 
him to embark in practice on his own account, he opened an office in 
1886. Advancement at the bar is proverbially slow and yet it was not 
long before Judge Albertson had gained a fair practice, that grew 
with the passing years, connecting him more and more largely with 
the important litigation heard in the courts of the district. He had 
long enjoyed a large and distinctively representative clientage when, 
on the 14th of February, 1903, he was appointed to the bench of King 
county, the legislature having provided for a fifth judge. On the 
expiration of his first term he was nominated and elected and by re- 
election has been continued upon the bench to the present time. 

To speak of Judge Albertson only as lawyer and jurist would be 
to give a one-sided view of his life and character, for there have been 
few residents of the northwest who have entered with more zeal and 
enthusiasm, intelligently directed, into the movements and plans for 

Eoiiert 15cooke aibect$on i63 

the city's upbuilding and progress. Whenever liis aid has been needed 
it has been freely given. In the early years of his residence here he 
joined the Home Guard, with which he was on active duty during the 
anti-Chinese riots of February, 1886. He afterwards served for the 
full term of five years in the territorial and state militia. He was a 
member of the volunteer fire department up to the time of the great 
conflagration in 1889. Following the Civil war his father and most 
of his Quaker neighbors in North Carolina became republicans and 
he, too, indorses the party and has taken an active and helpful interest 
in political work, usually senang as a delegate to the county and state 
conventions until the adoption of the direct primary law. In 1887 he 
was chairman of the republican county central committee, in which 
year King county was carried by his party for the first time in foui* 
years. In 1889 he was elected city attorney of Seattle and his record 
in that office is notable. He began and conducted the condemnation 
proceedings under which many of the streets were widened after the 
fire. He instituted the celebrated Ram's Horn case of the city versus 
the railroads and drew the contract with Benizette Williams, which was 
the beginning of the city's Cedar river gravity water supply system. In 
1894 he was sent from the forty-second district to the state legislature 
and in August, 1900, while in Alaska, was again nominated and 
elected. During the session of 1901 he was speaker of the house and 
again was chosen speaker for the special session, receiving a unani- 
mous vote — a most unusual yet highly deserved compliment. It was 
recognized that his rulings were strictly fair, unprejudiced and impar- 
tial and tangible appreciation of his service came to him at the close 
of the term, when he was presented by the members of the house with 
a handsome watch and chain and a set of complimentary resolutions. 
It is certainly worthy of note that no appeal was ever taken from one 
of his rulings during his entire term. 

On the 24th of August, 1892, Judge Albertson was married to 
Miss Nancy de Wolfe, now deceased, a daughter of Captain F. S. de 
Wolfe, at one time mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina. One son, 
Robert Brooke Albertson, who was born December 1, 1907, is the 
only child of this marriage. Judge Albertson is a member of the 
Rainier, University, Athletic and Golf and Countiy Clubs. He like- 
wise belongs to the Society of the Sons of the Revolution and has 
been president of Washington chapter. When not upon the bench he 
lays aside the cares and dignities of the office and is a most genial, 
approachable man, appreciative of friendship and giving true friend- 
ship in return. He is loyal to the northwest, which has given him his 
opportunity — an opportunity, however, which is only of value as it is 


Botiert IBtookt aibettson 

wisely improved. Industry, energy and close application are just as 
essential in the practice of law as in the trades or mechanical arts and, 
recognizing this fact at the outset of his career, Judge Albertson put 
forth that earnest effort which has brought him to a position of dis- 
tinction among the lawyers and jurists of the northwest. 







III i 


III 7 



k Ml III 

Cprus; OTalfeer 

jITH the history of pioneer times the name of Cyrus 

W™^ Walker became associated, for he was one of the 
^ most active factors in instituting and developing the 
(l^ great lumber interests of the northwest. He never 
waited Micawberlike for something to turn up but in 
early manhood started out to seek his fortune, nor 
did he hold to the dream that success would come to him in some 
unusual way. He realized from the beginning that indxistry must be 
the basis of his advancement and his entire career was characterized 
by indefatigable energy and unfaltering enterprise, which brought 
him in tune to rank with the most notable lumber merchants of the 

He came from a state of pines, his birth having occurred in Madi- 
son, Maine, October 6, 1827, and through seven generations he traced 
back his ancestry to the Rev. George Walker, who passed away in 
1680 in Londonderry, Ireland, where he had long made his home. 
He was the father of Andrew Walker, the progenitor of the family 
in the new world. Crossing the Atlantic, he settled at Tewksbury, 
Massachusetts, where he died in 1739. He was an uncle of General 
John Stark, of Revolutionary war fame, who entered battle with the 
memorable declaration, "We must win today, boys, or Molly Stark 
will be a widow." James Walker, the direct ancestor in the third 
generation, was born at Goffstown, New Hampshire, and married a 
daughter of Colonel John GofF, for whom that town had been named. 
Their son, Silas Walker, also a native of Goifstown, was the father 
of William Walker, who was born in Manchester, New Hampshire, 
in 1770 and served his country in the War of 1812. His son, James 
Martin Walker, born in Goffstown in 1798, married EUza Heald, a 
daughter of Colonel Jonas Heald, of Acton, New Hampshire. 

Thus the line is traced down to Cyrus Walker, their son, who 
following the acquirement of his education in the village schools de- 
voted his attention for a tune to farm work, also taught school and 
afterward became actively identified with the lumber trade, in sawmill 
work and in log driving on the Kennebec river. He afterward be- 
came manager of a starch factory and made his initial step toward the 

168 Cgcus malket 

coast when as a surveyor he went to Wisconsin. Not long afterward 
gold was discovered in California and in Australia. It was his inten- 
tion to go to the latter country and he made his way to New York, 
where he engaged passage on a sailing vessel, but on going aboard did 
not like the looks of the craft and sold his ticket. He then returned 
to the hotel at which he was stopping and there formed the acquaint- 
ance of E. S. Brown, a millwright from Bangor, Maine, who had 
taken a contract to erect a mill for Pope, Talbot, Keller & Foster, 
formerly of Machias, Maine. Mr. Brown was about to sail to Puget 
Soimd and Mr. Walker accompanied him, concluding to go to Aus- 
tralia by way of California. He purchased a ticket by way of the 
Panama route and arrived in San Francisco in May. His plans 
changed, however, through the influence of his companions and he 
agreed to go with the Talbot party to the Sound. On the Julius 
Pringle, a vessel of only fifty tons, the voyage was made to the north- 
west with Captain Talbot in corqmand and David Foster as second 
mate. The passengers were E. S. Brown, Nathaniel and Hillman 
Harmon, James White, a machinist, an engineer and Cyrus Walker. 
They sailed northward until they reached Port Discovery, where they 
thought to locate a lumber mill, but before definitely deciding upon 
that location they started on a cruise about the Lower Sound, Captain 
Talbot commanding a plunger, while Mr. Walker had charge of a 
canoe. Thus they explored Hoods Canal as far as Seabeck and at 
length reached the Indian town of Teekalet, now known as Port 
Gamble. They continued their explorations as far south as Com- 
mencement Bay but found no more desirable location than Port Gam- 
ble. On the return trip they visited Seattle, where Captain Talbot 
arranged for a cargo of lumber to be taken by the Pringle to San 
Francisco, this being purchased at Yesler's mill. It was probably the 
first lumber cargo shipped from Seattle or the Lower Sound. The 
party returned to Port Discovery, intending to locate there, but 
found settlers had arrived in the meantime and left that place for 
Port Gamble, where the passengers went ashore on the 7th day of 
July, 1853. At once they began to discharge their cargo of lumber, 
mill stuff and machinery and work was begun in earnest in the build- 
ing of the mill and of shacks for the men. The district now known 
as Jamison Ranch, at the head of the bay, supplied the large firs which 
were hewn into timber, the trunks constituting the frame of the mill. 
From the beginning of operations Mr. Walker was a most active 
man, having charge in the early days as timekeeper, accountant and 
general utility man. He was connected with the company from the 
beginning of its operations in the northwest. In September the 

Cgcug g^alber i69 

schooner L. T. Foster arrived, bringing boUer, engine and mill ma- 
chinery, and as soon as this was installed the mill was started, having 
a capacity of three thousand feet of lumber per day. The first that 
was manufactured was used to complete the mill and build more com- 
fortable homes for the employes. A store and oiSce building was also 
erected and Captain Keller acted as resident superintendent until his 
demise in 1861. At that date Cyrus Walker was made resident man- 
ager and for a half century remained in charge of the mill at Port 
Gamble and of other mills and properties owned by the company. A 
short time after their arrival Captain Keller suggested to Mr. Walker 
that he take out a donation claim, as the time would soon expire when 
he could do that under the law. Mr. Walker replied that he "would 
not live on a claim five years, as the law required, if the government 
would give him the whole territory." He was homesick at the time 
but his opinions soon underwent a marked change, and when the 
commissioners for the university offered for sale the lands which the 
government had set apart for the school, Mr. Walker purchased a 
large part of those lands for the company. These were the first tim- 
ber lands available for pin-chase and in this Mr. Walker displayed 
his usual notable sagacity and keen business insight. He recognized 
the fact that there would come a time when the settlers would not be 
glad to sell their logs to the mills at the price of putting them in the 
water but that the value of timber would constantly increase in the 
northwest as the district became settled. He studied every phase of 
the business, looking beyond the exigencies of the moment to the 
needs, the possibilities and the opportunities of the future. In 1863 
he acquired an interest in the Washington holdings of Pope & Talbot 
and became one of the stockholders when the business was incorporated 
under the name of the Puget Mill Company in 1874. The policy 
which he inaugurated when the university lands were fii-st offered for 
sale — the policy of buying timber as it became available — was con- 
tinued by him and the company became one of the largest holders of 
such lands in the northwest. His individual interests increased as the 
business was developed and he also bought land on his own account, 
realizing that it must ultimately become of great worth as settlement 
in the northwest was extended. When Seattle was but a village he 
began buying property there in 1868 and some of that which he pur- 
chased as acreage has been platted and sold as city lots and is now 
covered by beautiful homes. His wonderful foresight was manifest 
in his investment in this realty. The development of the Puget Mill 
Company has constituted one of the most important features of the 
industrial growth of the northwest, for the lumber trade has ever been 

170 Cgru$ malktt 

one of the large sources of the wealth and prosperity of the Sound 

On the 30th of April, 1885, was celebrated the marriage of Cyrus 
Walker and Miss Emily Foster Talbot, a daughter of Captain Talbot, 
his old friend and business associate, and they had one son, Talbot 
Cyrus Walker. Mr. Walker was a charter member of Franklyn 
Lodge, 'No. 5, F. & A. M., in the jurisdiction of Washington, which 
was chartered in 1859. He also took the Scottish Rite degrees and 
became a knight commander of the Court of Honor. He was well 
known as a member of the Rainier and other leading clubs of Seattle 
and a cordial greeting was ever extended to him whenever he appeared 
in the club rooms. He never allowed private interests to interfere 
with the performance of his public duties and his cooperation featured 
as an element in the continued growth and development of the district 
in which he lived. When the state was admitted to the Union several 
members of the legislature representing both parties offered him their 
votes for United States senator, but though appreciative of the honor, 
he declined to become a candidate. His life was one of intense activity. 
He was at all times prompted by the spirit of indefatigable energy 
and he felt that he had not accomplished his full daily duties if he did 
not go home at night weary with the day's labor. With him a recog- 
nition of opportunity was equivalent to the performance of a task. 
He had the fine perception and sound judgment of a man of large 
affairs and his record is a matter of pride to the citizens of Seattle, 
where his labors have contributed so much to the development of the 
city and the surrounding country. 

t ^^ 


ki^^U^ ^' 


iHalcolm iWcJf ee 

HALCOLM McFEE has devoted his entire life to rail- 

M^, .. road construction, and as a contractor in that indus- 
vM trial field has won substantial success. Since June, 
\s( 1890, he has made his home in Seattle and is now 
operating under the name of Henry & McFee, which 
was organized in 1905. He was born in Russelltown, 
Canada, November 1, 1852, a son of John McFee, whose birth oc- 
curred at Lochiel, Scotland. In early life he became a resident of 
Canada, where he followed the occupation of farming, and in local 
affairs he took an active and influential part. He retained his resi- 
dence in Canada until called to his final rest in 1902, at the remarka- 
ble old age of ninety-five years. His wife, who bore the maiden name 
of Elizabeth Gordon, was born in Russelltown, Canada, a daughter of 
Daniel Gordon, who was a pioneer settler and a neighbor of the 
McFee family, so that at the time of her marriage Mrs. McFee took 
up her abode upon the farm adjoining her father's place and there 
spent the remainder of her life. She was born in 1828 and died in 
1904, at the age of seventy-six years. In their family were six 

Malcolm McFee, who was the third in order of birth, attended 
the country schools to the age of sixteen years and then crossed the 
threshold of business life, his fu'st employment being that of clerk in 
a store in Plattsburg, New York. He afterward served as time- 
keeper for a contractor engaged in international railroad work and 
spent several years in that way. Before he attained his majority, 
however, he had taken a subcontract on railroad work, since which 
time his entire life has been devoted to railroad construction and con- 
tracting, and his course has been marked by a steady advancement, 
winning him substantial success and gaining for him a creditable 
position in his chosen field of labor. In June, 1890, he arrived in 
Seattle and in 1905 entered upon his present relations as a partner 
in the firm of Henry & McFee, railroad contractors and builders. 
They are accorded a liberal patronage and their business is a substan- 
tial and growing one. Mr. McFee is also a stockholder in several 
banks in the northwest and also in the White Bluffs Investment 
Company, of which he is the secretary and a director. He is like- 

174 Qgalcolm ggcjFee 

wise a trustee of the Dominion Contracting Company of Vancouver 
and in all things keen discernment and soxmd judgment have charac- 
terized his efforts and directed his success. 

On the 16th of February, 1891, in St. Croix Falls, Wisconsin, 
Mr. McFee was united in marriage to Miss Louise Nason, a native 
of Wisconsin and a representative of a very prominent family in their 
section. Her father, Joel F. Nason, served as state senator for a 
nimaber of terms and was also a United States land officer. Mr. and 
Mrs. McFee have four living children, three sons and a daughter, 
namely. John, who was born December 26, 1891; Joel N., whose 
natal day was September 15, 1893; Jean H., born June 8, 1895; and 
Donald, whose birth occurred March 5, 1900. 

Mr. McFee exercises his right of franchise in support of the men 
and measures of the republican party and his club relationship is with 
the Rainier and Earlington Clubs. He attends the Bethany Presby- 
terian church and guides his life by its teachings. Honorable prin- 
ciple characterizes him at every point in his career. He left home a 
poor boy and since that time has based his advancement upon indus- 
try and integrity, winning his success along lines that neither seek 
nor require disguise. He is now well established in business and his 
course indicates that the field of opportunity is open to aU that have 
the courage to persevere therein. 



B>ntdiiit iBaxter 

jUTCLIFFE BAXTER was born at Burnley, Lan- 
cashire, England, November 11, 1841, and was one 
of six children, three sons and three daughters, 
whose parents were Benjamin and Alice (Pollard) 
Baxter. SutclifFe Baxter is the eldest. His two 
brothers are now deceased. One of them, WiUiam 
Pollard Baxter, was murdered in Utah by a Mr. Wilkerson, who was 
there executed by being shot to death, having the choice, according to 
the Utah law, of hanging or shooting. The three daughters are all 
living, two of them being residents of King county, Washington, 
while the other is in England. 

SutclifFe Baxter attended the national schools of England until 
about fourteen years of age and stood at the head of three of his 
classes. He won a year's tuition in TunniclifFe's Boarding School or 
Academy near Foulridge, Lancashire, England. When he was 
about thirteen years of age his father obtained a twenty-one year 
lease on the Elslack Hall Farm in Yorkshire of about four hundred 
acres, so that in his boyhood days SutclifFe Baxter had to arise every 
morning at about five o'clock and assist in milking the cows and doing 
the chores, after which he would attend school and return in the 
evening for the usual routine of farm work. He tired of all this, how- 
ever, and when about eighteen or nineteen years of age began clerk- 
ing for an uncle who was engaged in the flour, grain and feed business 
at Burnley, with whom he remained for about a year, working for 
two dollars and a half per week and board. He then returned home, 
where he remained until his twenty-first year, but still farm life was 
distasteful to him and he concluded to go to British Columbia, for the 
Cariboo gold fields were extensively advertised in England and the 
report was that all a young man had to do was to get there, after which 
he could line his pockets with gold as rapidly as he could pick it up. 
In June, 1862, he arrived in British Columbia and immediately 
started for the Cariboo. At Fort Yale he purchased a horse and 
saddle for one hundred dollars and thereafter continued his journey 
on horseback until he reached Lytton, fifty-seven miles from Fort 
Yale, where he was ofFered one hundred and forty dollars for his out- 
fit. This he accepted, after which he continued his journey on foot, 

178 ^utcltffe ggaitec 

walking three hundred miles. Finding that gold was not as easily 
acquired as he had been led to believe, he retraced his steps and on 
arriving at Fort Yale secured a situation with the sappers and miners 
who were building the wagon road from Yale to Lytton. His wages 
were sixty dollars a month, from which amount he had to pay for his 
own board and lodging. He remained there for a month and then 
left for Victoria, but through the winter suffered from ill health 
caused by his month's work. The next spring he entered the employ 
of William Hood, a California capitalist, as foreman on his contract 
with the government to build a section of the wagon road from 
Spence's Bridge to Clinton. Mr. Hood was the owner of the Los 
Guilliers ranch in Sonoma county, California, and he gave Mr. Bax- 
ter a letter of introduction to his family, whom Mr. Baxter visited 
in the winter of 1863-4, and through them became acquainted with the 
family of C. J. Hannath, who was then living in Santa Rosa, and 
whose daughter, Harriet, he married in San Francisco in 1869. 
Returning to British Columbia in the spring of 1864, he entered the 
employ of Barnard's Express Company, engaged in carrying mail 
from Yale to Cariboo on horseback through the early summer months 
and later by a two horse wagon, or stage, as it was called. When the 
storms of winter came, however, he had to make the trip on snow- 

In the spring of 1865 Mr. Baxter engaged with Oppenheimer 
Brothers & Company, then the leading interior merchants of British 
Cokunbia, becoming salesman and bookkeeper at their Lytton gen- 
eral merchandise store. In early October he joined a government 
exploring party organized to report on the practicability of the upper 
Columbia river for steamboat navigation. The trip was by way of 
Fort Kamloops, the South Thompson river, Shuswap lake and across 
the Selkirk mountains to a point on the Columbia some miles below 
Death Rapids, where they felled a cedar tree and made a dugout 
canoe, proceeding up the river some distance above the rapids to a 
creek oh which they located gold and which they named Gold creek. 
By that time winter had set in and they started down the river and 
through the Ai-row lakes, reaching Fort Shepherd, a trading post of 
the Hudson's Bay Company, in December. For two or three weeks 
they had been on short rations of dried salmon, but at the fort replen- 
ished their supplies, and, buying saddles and packhorses, proceeded 
up the Kettle River valley and across the Okanogan river at Osoyoos 
lake, where they were entertained by a Mr. Law, collector of cus- 
toms. They proceeded up the Similkameen valley to Princeton, a 
trading post at the western base of the Cascade mountains, where 

^utcUtfe baiter i79 

they traded their horses to the Indians for snowshoes and then started 
across the mountains, on which the snow lay to a depth of from five 
to ten feet, arriving at Fort Hope on Christmas Eve. They pro- 
ceeded as best they could over ice and snow and reached New West- 
minster ten or fifteen days later, where they made report of the trip 
to the government, saying that the upper Columbia was navigable 
from Fort Shepherd to Death Rapids. 

On arriving at Victoria David Leneveu, a leading merchant there, 
sent him to take charge of his Fort Yale business, which he did during 
1866 and part of 1867. Later in the latter year he engaged with 
two importing houses at Victoria to go to Fort Dunvegan on Peace 
river and report on the prospect of collecting an account of fifteen 
or twenty thousand dollars extended by them to a band of outlaws 
doing business at half a dozen stations along Peace river in opposition 
to the Hudson's Bay Company. On arriving at Dunvegan he found 
a well stocked larder of frozen moose meat and a plentiful supply 
of vegetables in the cellar of a very comfortable log house, the vege- 
tables having been grown in a garden immediately adjacent to the 
house and directly across the river from the Hudson's Bay "Fort 
Dunvegan." Peace river there is two or three hundred yards wide, 
running through a fine grazing country, but in November the river 
freezes over, the ice in midwinter being three feet thick, and remains 
frozen until May. The summers, however, are delightful, with wild 
flowers and wild berries, wild service berries being gathered by the 
ton by the Indians, dried in the sun and stored away for winter use. 
The outlaw traders allowed Mr. Baxter to bring out about enough 
furs to pay for the goods he had taken in, but the old account was 
not and never has been settled. On his return to Victoria he found 
that the two importing houses had failed. 

During the winter of 1868-69, having tired of the nomadic life 
and realizing from experience that "a rolling stone gathers no moss," 
he concluded to go to California. In San Francisco he obtained 
employment in the office of P. B. Cornwall, president of the Black 
Diamond and Belhngham Bay Coal Companies of California as coal 
weigher. In a few weeks he was made bookkeeper and cashier and 
after two years' service in the San Francisco office was sent to Se- 
home, now the center of the city of Bellingham, as manager of the 
company's general mercantile store, the largest north of Seattle at 
that time, carrying a stock worth forty thousand dollars. There he 
remained five years, receiving a liberal salary with house and fuel 
furnished free and anything needed by the family supplied at whole- 
sale cost. While thus engaged Mr. Baxter accepted an appointment 

180 ^utcUCfe ISattet 

from the board of county commissioners to fill out the unexpired term 
of C. C. Finkboner, coimty treasurer, who had resigned. Mr. Baxter 
had acquired a local reputation as an experienced accountant and the 
financial afi'airs of the coimty were in a bad condition, bemg run on a 
scrip basis, the scrip or county warrants being current at about forty 
cents on the dollar, while acceptable under the law at par in payment 
of the county portion of the annual taxes by surrender of any piece 
of scrip, principal and interest, amounting to less or at least not more 
than the proportion of county tax, but when a warrant amounted in 
principal and interest to a smn in excess of said county proportion, it 
then became the duty of the treasurer to indorse on the back of such 
warrant the amount of said county portion of the tax, this indorsement 
constituting a pajonent on the amoimt so indorsed. This system, duly 
authorized by the statutes of Washington territory, was in Mr. Bax- 
ter's judgment a barbarous one and necessitated the introduction of a 
new system of accounting on the treasurer's part, wliich at the earnest 
request of the county commissioners he undertook to do. He suc- 
ceeded in the undertaking and received the thanks and congratulations 
of the board. The course won the strong opposition of his democratic 
opponents, however, who caused three indictments to be returned by 
the grand jury against Mr. Baxter, one for holding the county treas- 
urer's office at Sehome instead of Whatcom, where they had some 
town lots for sale, and two for buying coimty warrants for less than 
their face value. The law provided a penalty for any county officer 
who indulged in speculating in county warrants. By this time, owing 
to the improved system of accounting, county warrants had become 
current at sixty-five cents on the dollar instead of forty cents as be- 
fore, so that the virtuous democrat found himself in the position of 
having to pay sixty-five cents instead of forty cents for such warrants 
as he needed for the payment of taxes. This of course aroused his 
indignation, so he induced a gentleman, who at the time was owing 
a bill to the Bellingham Bay Coal Company, to offer Mr. Baxter a 
county warrant to be applied to his account, which he accepted at 
sixty-five cents on the dollar, and placed the value of it, about seven- 
teen dollars, to his credit on the company's books. He also accepted 
another warrant for a few dollars from another customer on the com- 
pany's account and paid him for it in merchandise at sixty-five cents 
per doUar. His attorney at Port Townsend wired Mr. Baxter that 
he was indicted and advised him to report immediately. He hired a 
canoe and Indian crew and proceeded to Port Townsend, where he 
insisted on prompt trial, which was ordered by Hon. Orange Jacobs, 
federal judge. He was tried only on one account and was acquitted 

^utcHKc IBanet isi 

by the jury, while the court, after completely exonerating him, gave 
the complainants such a lecture as they probably never forgot. 

At San Francisco, California, on the 6th of October, 1869, Mr. 
Baxter married Harriet Hannath, a daughter of C. J. and Eliza Han- 
nath, natives of Toronto, Canada, and of English parentage. Their 
children are: SutclifFe Benjamin, who married Pearl Chamberlain; 
Laura Emma, who died in 1914; Fred Hudson, who married Kate 
McGraw, daughter of ex-Governor J. H. McGraw; and Olive Eliza, 
who became the wife of RoUin Sanford, cashier of the Union Savings 
& Trust Company of Seattle. 

Mr. Baxter has alwaj^s been a republican in politics from the time 
that he commenced to vote, which, under the territorial law, he could 
do on taking out his first citizenship papers, which were acquired in 
Seattle in 1871, while the final papers were secured in the third judicial 
district court at Port Townsend in 1873. In 1874 Mr. Baxter joined 
the Masonic fraternity. He became one of the organizers of the 
Rainier Club of Seattle and he has long been widely and prominently 
known in this city. His history is connected closely with the develop- 
ment of the northwest and with many pioneer events in British 
Columbia and in the state of Washington. 



I^estnalb |l|as;call $ars(ons( 

;EGINALD HASCALL parsons, a prominent 
and respected citizen of Seattle, is at the head of the 
Northwestern Fruit Exchange, having been chosen 
president on its organization in 1910. His birth oc- 
curred at Flushing, Long Island, New York, on the 
3d of October, 1873, and he comes of an ancestry 
honorable and distinguished, among his ancestors being John Brad- 
ford, the first governor of Massachusetts; Governor Winthrop, of 
Connecticut ; General Absalom Peters, of the wars of the Revolution 
and 1812; John Bowne, one of the first Quakers, whose home, built 
in 1661 at Flushing, Long Island, sheltered George Fox and is still 
in a fine state of preservation and has always remained in the family ; 
and Samuel Parsons, a horticulturist of international reputation dur- 
ing the '50s and '60s of the last century. George Rowland Parsons, 
now deceased, father of Reginald H. Parsons, was president of the 
Colorado Forestry Association and one of the first in the country to 
promote intelligent conservation through regulation and government 
control. His wife is the daughter of a well known New York judge. 
Reginald H. Parsons obtained his education at Providence, Rhode 
Island; Colorado Springs, Colorado, and Berkeley, California. For 
two years he attended the University of California as a member of 
the class of 1898, belonging to the Glee Club there. He also took a 
leading part in athletic activities at school and college. His first 
work was in connection with railroading, for he was one of a party to 
run the reconnaissance for the Rio Grande Western Railway in 1891-2 
across the Great American Desert in Utah and Nevada. Later, at 
the age of eighteen years, he was connected with a small railroad in 
southern New Mexico as station agent. Subsequently he returned to 
college, and when he left the university became identified with real- 
estate operations in connection with the original townsite company 
which started Colorado Springs, Colorado, residing in that town for 
twenty years. He was likewise engaged in business as a mining stock 
broker and for nine years was connected with Bemis Brother Bag 
Company, the last five years as manager of their Seattle branch, open- 
ing their business here in 1904. Mr. Parsons moreover became presi- 
dent and manager of the Hillcrest Orchard Company, owning two 
himdred acres of bearing pear and apple trees in the Rogue river val- 

186 ReginalD i^ascaU pacson0 

ley of southern Oregon. This is considered one of the finest pear 
orchards in the world and in 1908-1910 estabhshed the world's record 
for prices received for deciduous fruit in car lots sold in London, 
England. Mr. Parsons assisted in the organization of the Rogue 
River Fruit & Produce Association and became president of the 
Northwestern Finit Exchange at the time of its organization in 1910, 
this being a quasi public-service corporation. He was also vice presi- 
dent of the Orchard & Investment Company, organized in 1913 to 
purchase orchard properties in various parts of the United States; 
president of the Methow Valley Live Stock Company, operating in 
the Methow valley of northern Washington and also near Tolt, Wash- 
ington; and one of the original stockholders in the Vindicator Con- 
solidated Gold Mining Company of Cripple Creek, Colorado. His 
interests are varied and important and his activities have proven profit- 
able to the commimity as well as to himself. 

On the 30th of January, 1901, in Colorado Springs, Colorado, 
Mr. Parsons was united in marriage to Miss Maude Bemis. Her 
father, Judson M. Bemis, of Boston, Massachusetts, is the head and 
founder of the firm of Bemis Brother Bag Company, which was or- 
ganized in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1858, and now enjoys the distinction 
of being the largest importer of burlap and manufacturer of cotton 
and burlap bags in America. He built the town of Bemis, Tennessee, 
and there established cotton mills and gins, employing three thousand 
operatives under the most enlightened and sanitary conditions. To 
our subject and his wife have been born five children, those living 
being: Anne, Reginald Bemis, George Howland and Mary Bowne. 
The family attend St. Paul's Episcopal church. 

Mr. Parsons is a republican of the conservative progressive type 
but has not participated actively in politics. While actively engaged 
in business in Seattle he took part in municipal affairs, serving as 
chairman of the first "City Beautiful" and being one of the citizens' 
committee appointed from various bodies to break the deadlock in 
negotiations incident to the incoming of the Chicago, Milwaukee & 
Puget Sound Railroad. For some years he was a director of the Title 
Trust Company. He belongs to the Beta Theta Pi, a college fra- 
ternity, and is also a member of the University, Rainier and Arctic 
Clubs of Seattle, the Arlington Club of Portland, the University and 
Country Clubs of Medford, Oregon, and the Rocky Mountain Club 
of New York City. Mr. Parsons is a broad-minded and liberal man, 
interested in the work of reform and improvement along lines that do 
not hamper the free and independent development of the individual 
and yet contribute to the world's progress. 


aifreb Hee palmer 

|LFRED LEE PALMER was for a third of a cen- 
^2 4 ^2 *"^^ ^ resident of Seattle and was recognized as one 
^ 2 /\ C ^ of the most esteemed and honored citizens of the me- 
^^ "**• C5 tropolis of the northwest. He came well equipped 
Wf^^^g^w by college training and broad experience for pro- 
fessional activity in the field of law and won distinc- 
tion at the bar, but graduallj'- his investments in real estate claimed 
his interests and in the later years of his life his attention was given 
to the management and control of his property. His activities in 
the real estate field constituted an important factor in the city's 
improvement, and his genuine personal worth gained him the sin- 
cere and unqualified respect of all who came in contact with him. 

Mr. Palmer was born in Mina, Chautauqua county, New York, 
June 11, 1835, his parents being Joseph and Mary (Hill) Palmer. 
The ancestral history of the family is traced back to England, but 
reiJresentatives of the name settled in the colony of New York prior 
to the Revolutionary war and when the country became involved in 
a conflict with England, David Palmer, grandfather of Alfred Lee 
Palmer, joined the army and rendered valiant aid to the cause of 
liberty. At one time he was the oAvner of a farm that is now embraced 
within the city limits of Rochester, New York. His son, Joseph 
Palmer, was born on the old family homestead there and continued 
a resident of the Empire state until 1840, when he removed with his 
family to Andrew, Iowa, his son, Alfred L. Palmer being at that 
time a httle lad of five years. The father, who was a man of influ- 
ence and prominence in Iowa, filled the ofl^ce of probate judge and 
was also elected superintendent of public instruction. In the latter 
connection particularly he left the impress of his individuality upon 
the progress of the state. He was also the owner of considerable 
farm land. He wedded Mary Hill, who was born in Vermont, her 
mother being a member of the celebrated Lee family of Virginia. 

Alfred Lee Palmer acquired his early education in the district 
schools of Andrew, Iowa, and pursued his more advanced studies in 
the Mount Morris (111.) Academy and also at Oberhn College, Ober- 
lin, Ohio. Deciding upon the practice of law as a life work, he then 
matriculated in the Albany Law School at Albany, New York, pur- 

190 aifrcO JLtt l^atmet 

suing a complete general course of law in that institution, after which 
he was admitted to the bar. Returning to Iowa, he engaged in the 
practice of his profession in Jackson county, but in the fall of 1861, 
soon after the outbreak of the Civil war, he closed his office, sold his 
books and donned the blue uniform of the nation, going to 'the front 
as a member of Company I, Twelfth Iowa Volunteer Infantry. 
Though sworn in as a private, his comrades elected him to the posi- 
tion of second lieutenant. He was afterward detached for recruiting 
duty and enlisted one hundred men for the service. In the meantime 
his regiment was captured by the Confederates and he was assigned 
to the Eighth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, in which he was promoted 
to the rank of first lieutenant. At the battle of Corinth he was shot 
through the right lung. Being incapacitated by this wound, which 
did not heal for twelve years, he was honorably discharged in 1863. 
He then returned to Jackson county, Iowa, and as soon as his health 
would permit resumed his law practice, which he prosecuted with 
success, advancing steadily in his chosen calling, his ability at length 
leading to his nomination to the office of county judge. He was 
elected and reelected, sending for two terms, and upon the bench made 
an excellent record as a faithful and impartial jurist. When Lincoln 
was made the capital of Nebraska he removed to that city and made 
land investments which resulted profitably. For fourteen years he 
continued his residence in Lincoln, devoting his attention to the prac- 
tice of law and to the management of his real estate investments, and 
during that period he also occupied the office of county judge for 
two terms. 

The fall of 1882 witnessed the arrival of Mr. Palmer in Seattle. 
At that time no railroad had been extended to the city, but he recog- 
nized its favorable geographic position and felt that the future must 
hold something attractive in store for it. His enterprising activity 
became an element in the later development and progress of the city 
and at all times he was quick to foster and further any plan or meas- 
ure for the public good. For a number of years he was occupied 
largely with professional business at the bar but was quick to note 
and take advantage of favorable opportunities for real estate invest- 
ment both in Seattle and Tacoma, thus acquiring substantial property 
interests. The growth of his business in that connection at length 
forced him to discontinue his law practice and give his undivided 
attention and energy to his real estate business, in connection with 
which he did considerable building and otherwise improved his prop- 
erty. For a third of a century he took a prominent and helpful part 
in Seattle's development and progress, giving tangible demonstration 

aifceo Lee palmer i9i 

of his own faith in the city which led others to follow his example. The 
Palmer House sprang into existence as a result of his efforts and busi- 
ness enterprise and following the disastrous fire of 1889 he erected the 
fine York Hotel on First avenue, a six story brick structure, which 
for many years was one of the most notable buildings of the north- 
west. Among other buildings erected by him in recent years are the 
three story building at the corner of Fourth and Pine streets; the six 
story brick structure on First avenue South, now occupied by the 
Western Electric Company; the two story brick apartment house in 
Ballard; and various residences. He also erected the A. L. Palmer 
buildhig, a six story brick structure on First avenue South, now used 
for manufacturing purposes. He also owned a number of other val- 
uable city properties. It is acknowledged that Seattle has had no 
more loyal citizen than Mr. Palmer. His faith in the destiny of the 
city was unbounded and his entire business career was a practical 
demonstration of his confidence in the city's resources and growth. 

In 1860 was celebrated the marriage of Alfred Lee Palmer and 
Lydia Butterworth, of Andrew, Iowa, and they became the parents 
of two children : Alice, who died in infancy ; and Carrie, who was a 
graduate of the University of Washington and studied law under 
her father's direction, being the first woman admitted to the bar in 
this state. She married John B. Denny, but both have passed away, 
leaving two children: Harold; and Anna, who is the wife of C. A. 
Gay, by whom she has a son and two daughters. On the 27th of Sep- 
tember, 1870, Mr. Palmer married Miss Rocelia A. Chase, of Maquo- 
keta, Iowa, a daughter of Royal B. Chase, a capitalist dealing in 
farm lands. She is a descendant of Ira Chase, who was a member of 
Washington's army in the Revolutionary war. Mrs. Palmer was 
educated in the Rockford (111.) Female Seminary, now Rockford 
College, and by her marriage she became the mother of seven chil- 
dren. Frank J., who is a resident of Seattle, was married in 1904 to 
Miss Francis Kaylor, of Iowa, and they have two children, Rogene 
and Geraldine. Hattie P. is the wife of Donald B. Olson, who is 
now superintendent of the Monroe Reformatory but makes his home 
in Seattle, and they have three children, Donald B., Jr., Kenneth B. 
and Jeannette. Don H., who is a graduate of the University of 
Washington and the Rush Medical College of Chicago, is engaged 
in the practice of medicine in Seattle. In 1914 he held the office of 
president of the King County Medical Society. He was married 
September 3, 1902, to Miss Maude Gruwell, and they have two chil- 
dren, Dorothy and Rex. Leet R. was a student of the Pullman 
Agricultural College and the Minnesota Agricultural College and is 

192 aifreP ILee palmer 

at present engaged in farming in Arlington, this state. He was mar- 
ried at Barry, Illinois, to Miss Alza Smith, of that place, in March, 
1904, and they have three children, Alfred Lee, Catherine Roceha 
and Richard. The next member of the family, Lee C. Palmer, is 
proud of the fact that he is a native of Seattle. As soon as he com- 
pleted his studies he associated himself with his father in the real 
estate business and is so engaged at the present time. He was mar- 
ried in Seattle, June 14, 1910, to Miss Olive R. Powles, a daughter 
of J. B. Powles, a Seattle commission merchant, and they have two 
children, Lee C, Jr., and Marylee. Ben B, Palmer is a graduate of 
the University of Washington and continued his education in the 
University of Pennsylvania. He is now associated with the uEtna 
Life Insurance Company. Esther Rocelia, the youngest of the 
family, is an aliminus of the University of Washington. 

The family is prominently known socially and Mr. Palmer was 
recognized as one of the most prominent members of the Masonic 
fraternity in Seattle, having held the office of eminent grand com- 
mander of the Knights Templar for the state of Washington and 
having for some time the distinction of being the oldest hving past 
grand commander in the state. Mrs. Palmer is past grand matron 
of the state of Washington in the Order of the Eastern Star and she 
is also a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Mr. 
Palmer was also a member of the Stevens Post, G. A. R., and like- 
wise belonged to the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. He held 
membership in the Chamber of Commerce of Seattle and could be 
depended upon to cooperate in all of the work undertaken by that 
body to further the commercial, industrial and civic development of 
his city. Dui'ing the period of his residence here he commanded the 
respect and enjoyed the goodwill of his fellow citizens, who recog- 
nized his public-spirited devotion to the general good and his hearty 
support of those activities which had featured most largely in the 
city's upbuilding. He was in his seventy-ninth year when he passed 
away on the 19th of August, 1914, a citizen whom Seattle could ill 
afford to lose. His demise was the occasion of much sincere grief 
and resolutions were passed by all of the fraternities and clubs to 
which he belonged. His memory is cherished by his many friends 
and the influence of his life is still potent. 

Softn #orbon iUcjFee 

^EENLY alive to the possibilities of every new avenue 
opened in the natural ramifications of trade, John 
Gordon McFee, in the utiKzation of opportunities 
which have come to him, has entered into active con- 
nection with some of the most important business 
enterprises and corporate interests of Seattle and 
the northwest. Well defined plans and purposes have carried him 
steadily forward until many large business concerns have felt the 
stimulus of his cooperation and benefited by his executive force and 
administrative direction. For twenty years he was a prominent rail- 
road contractor and has also had important holdings in timber 
properties and farm lands. He was born December 29, 1863, at Rus- 
selltown, in the province of Quebec, Canada, his parents being John 
and Eliza (Gordon) McFee, natives of Inverness, Scotland, and 
Russelltown, Canada, respectively. The father's birth occurred in the 
Highlands of Scotland, where he remained until sixteen years of age, 
when he accompanied his parents and their family to Canada. The 
Gordon family, descended from old Puritan stock, removed to Canada 
from Vermont. 

John Gordon McFee acquired a common school education in his 
native town and afterward was graduated from the Montreal Busi- 
ness College with the class of 1882. When twenty-one years of age 
he left Canada and started westward, proceeding as far as Minne- 
apolis, where he remained for six years, removing from that city to 
Seattle in 1890. In his earlj' career he engaged in bookkeeping and 
was also employed as paymaster in connection with railroad construc- 
tion. Later he took up railroad contracting, which he has now fol- 
lowed for two decades, and in this connection has built up a business 
of large proportions that has taken him into Idaho, Oregon and 
British Columbia. He has expert knowledge and experience along 
that line and has executed a number of very important contracts. 
He has also made investments in timber lands, in creosoting timber 
and in farm lands and he has an interest in various smaller business 
undertakings and investments. 

His activities have constantly broadened in scope and in impor- 
tance and with the passing of the years his business interests have 

196 31oftn (DorDon Q^cjFee 

taken on organized form and have been developed into some of the 
most important corporations of this section of the covmtry with Mr. 
McFee as one of the chief executive officers. He is now president 
of the firm of G. W. Upper & Company, of the Russelltown Timber 
Company, the Philchuck Ranch Company and the McFee, Henry 
& McDonald Company Limited of Canada. He is also the vice 
president of the Drummond Lighterage Company and of the Pacific 
Creosoting Company and is a trustee of the Northern Life Insur- 
ance Company. In his undertakings he is largely associated with 
H. C. Henry and Malcolm McFee, and their interests are a most 
important element in promoting the material prosperity and business 
development of the northwest. 

On the 1st of September, 1891, in San Francisco, California, Mr. 
McFee was imited in marriage to Miss Christena Louisa Gordon, a 
daughter of Charles and Ann (Edwards) Gordon. To them have 
been born three children, namely: Annie Gordon, Susan Henry 
and Louisa Catherine. The religious faith of Mr. McFee is indi- 
cated by his membership in the Bethany Presbyterian church. His 
political indorsement is given to the republican party and his social 
nature finds expression in his membership in the Rainier, Seattle 
Golf and Country and the Seattle Golf Clubs. These associations 
also indicate much of the nature of his interests and recreation. He 
is a man of pleasant, genial nature and his affability and courtesy, 
combined with many sterling traits of character, have won for him 
the warm friendship of those with whom he has been associated. It is 
in the broader field of business, however, that he is most widely known, 
for his extensive connections have gained him a large acquaintance, 
while his strong powers, his forcefulness and resourcefulness have 
established his position in the front rank of Seattle's leading business 
men. He has passed over the pitfalls into which unrestricted pro- 
gressiveness is so frequently led and has focused his energies in direc- 
tions where fruition is certain. If a pen picture could accurately 
delineate his business characteristics it might thus be drawn: A 
progressive spirit ruled by more than ordinary intelligence and good 
judgment; a deep earnestness impelled and fostered by indomitable 
perseverance; a native justice expressing itself in correct principle 
and practice. 



0. Jf. OTegener 

jN the day in February, 1886, when martial law was 

O declared on account of the "anti-Chinese riots," 

i^ O. F. Wegener arrived in Seattle. He had made 
\5l his way to the Pacific coast in search of a chmate 
which he hoped would prove beneficial to a member of 
his family suffering from tuberculosis and had spent 
nine years at different points in California, Oregon and eastern and 
southwestern Washington. It was his intention then to try British 
Columbia but while en route thereto, in the fall of 1885, he spent two 
days in Seattle, which determined him that he had found the place he 
was seeking. Not only was its climatic condition attractive, but he 
believed that its geographic situation would give it excellent advan- 
tages as a city. There was a probability that Lake Washington would 
be connected with the bay by canal, thus giving to the town a fresh- 
water harbor not possessed by any other seaport on the Pacific coast 
of the United States or Canada. He felt that this would make Seattle 
a rival of San Francisco. Moreover, the expected growth of the town 
and the work of civil engineering necessitated thereby seemed to hold 
out to him a successful future in business. 

Two days after his arrival he saw fom- hundred United States 
soldiers quartered in the Pacific building, transferred hither from 
Vancouver in response to the governor's call. The town was commer- 
cially dead and the people were divided into two classes, the pro and 
the anti-Chinese. The former mostly belonged to the wealthy families 
who could afford to keep Chinese servants and most of them were 
members of the orthodox Protestant churches, while the opponents of 
the Chinese were mostly working men and women and the class of 
small business men. Years before, in California, Mr. Wegener had 
had opportunity to see the evil consequences of unUmited Asiatic immi- 
gration. While in the employ of the Central Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany he often had hundreds of Chinamen working under him and he 
had become thoroughly acquainted with their language and character. 
He believed that unless the immigration of Chinese workmen was 
stopped, the Pacific coast would become a Chinese colony in which the 
white people could not live. 


200 ffl)« JF. mesenet 

Owing to the stagnation in business, Mr. Wegener accepted tempo- 
rarily the editorship of a German weekly of Seattle and in its columns 
expressed his views on the Chinese question, thus becoming a partisan 
in the contest between the two opposing elements and bringing upon 
himself the bitter opposition of the leading men and organs of the pro- 
Chinese faction. He also met with hostility from certain members of 
the anti-Chinese element who believed that there was a scheme secretly 
favored by the big corporations to replace on the whole Pacific coast 
white workingmen and women by Asiatics — a scheme which could only 
be achieved through a revolution. But the maj ority of the anti-Chinese 
party in Seattle were law-abiding citizens and had no desire to enter 
upon a revolution. Mr. Wegener believed that legislation would be 
enacted in Washington, D. C, against flooding the land with Chinese 
labor but advised the anti-Chinese people of Seattle to organize a 
political party with a view to electing men of their number to office, 
which would prevent the employment of Chinese on public work. The 
plan foimd favor with many, but the revolutionists were antagonistic 
and prevented the pohtical organization from becoming a successful 
project. Every Simday forenoon the men and women who had volim- 
teered dm-ing the week to gather subscribers to support the anti- 
Chinese platform and who would vote for the candidates for office, 
brought in many names, imtil it seemed that the ticket could be elected; 
but the opponents were also busy as well, politically and otherwise. It 
became known that they organized the university students, clerks and 
other young men whom they could control in military companies and 
gave them military drill with arms. To these young men were turned 
over the guns which had been loaned by the local authorities to the 
Grand Army veterans for the purpose of firing volleys over the graves 
of buried comrades at their funerals. It also happened that suddenly 
the governor, who was one of the leaders of the pro-Chinese element, 
obtained the withdrawal of half the detachment of United States 
soldiers. This peculiar coincidence stirred up the hot-headed men of 
the Knights of Labor and the cry "We too must arm!" was raised. 
Mr. Wegener firmly objected, claiming that the remaining two hvm- 
dred United States soldiers would protect the party at the coming 
election against any mihtary force, but he did not know that there were 
men of violent character in the ranks of the pro-Chinese faction who 
planned to carry the election at any price, for on that occasion an entire 
ticket of city officials was to be elected. 

About three weeks before the election, when returning to his office 
from a trip in the country, Mr. Wegener found a number of the lead- 
ing officials of the Knights of Labor waiting for him. Greatly excited. 

fl)» JF. Wegener 201 

they told him that all the United States soldiers were leaving on a boat 
at two o'clock the next morning and that their baggage was then being 
loaded. The report proved correct, and it was seen that the opponents 
meant to cai-ry the election by violence. Only the United States 
soldiers had a right to keej) order, and it was known that if the mihtary 
organization of young men were at the polls it would mean fraud, 
disorder and violence. Only one man could prevent the success of 
this scheme of the pro-Chinese party — the president of the United 
States, to whom Mr. Wegener at once telegraphed, explaining the 
situation and asking him to give the unarmed citizens protection at 
the coming election by leaving the United States troops in Seattle, 
promising at the same time to send in a few days a petition signed by 
hundreds of citizens. Half an hour before the boat was to leave the 
next morning, by telegraph the president ordered the soldiers to 
remain in Seattle. Two days later Mr. Wegener forwarded a petition 
signed by over five hundred citizens, and three weeks later there was 
held a quiet election at which the entire anti-Chinese ticket was elected. 
This brought intense hatred down upon Mr. Wegener, notwithstand- 
ing the well known fact that his telegram had prevented a disgraceful 
riot on election day and probably the shedding of blood. 

After this election Mr. Wegener would gladl)^ have withdrawn 
from connection with the troubles, but the people's party believed that 
there would be no political peace in King county unless the pro- 
Chinese party was expelled as well from the county offices, there being 
strong indications that the county funds were not honestly handled by 
the most prominent county officials. Through public opinion, there- 
fore, Mr. Wegener was dragged into county politics. He worked hard 
to secure the nomination of good men, which was more difficult than 
at the city election, for following the success of the people's party 
there, a horde of office seekers had joined them for the sole purpose of 
winning office, many of whom were either morally or mentally unfit 
for the positions they sought. Nevertheless Mr. Wegener and his 
associates secured the nomination of a majority of good men and the 
probability that they would be elected increased from day to day 
through the energetic campaign which was conducted. What ham- 
pered them most was a lack of funds to conduct the campaign. As 
chairman of the executive committee of his party Mr. Wegener had to 
pay not only the campaign expenses but even the traveling expenses 
of some of the candidates. Beside that, he had to keep the little weekly 
newspaper alive, which he had bought for campaign purposes and 
which did not pay for itself. Four weeks before the election he found 
that he was unable to raise any more money for the general campaign, 

202 m, J7. mcsenet 

because the few rich candidates of the people's party were notoriously- 
close and paid only their own personal campaign expenses. Just at 
that time a well-to-do man who had retired from business and was 
related to one of the oldest and most prominent families of Seattle, 
visited Mr, Wegener and counted out twelve hundred dollars before 
him, which he said should be Mr. Wegener's if the latter would with- 
draw from the campaign. He said: "We must elect our candidate 
for sheriff, and we can do so if you quit electioneering. If you do, 
you'll be one of us. Your family will be made welcome by us and we 
will support you in any political aspirations you may have." The offer 
convinced Mr, Wegener that there was corruption in the courthouse 
which to cover up, the sheriff, who had it in his power to fix grand and 
petit jurors, was needed. It is needless to say that Mr. Wegener 
declined the offer and on the same day wrote home to his wife, who 
lived on a timber ranch in Lewis county, and from money she had 
received from the sale of her property in Portland, Oregon, she sent 
him the money needed for the successful termination of the campaign, 
which resulted in the election of the entire people's party ticket save 
one constable. 

On refusing to be bribed Mr. Wegener was made the subject of vile 
newspaper attacks which culminated on the day before the election in 
an editorial of the Post-Intelligencer, in which he was called "an open 
and avowed enemy of the United States government." He endeav- 
ored to get the editor of the paper indicted for criminal libel but failed 
to get the necessary twelve votes from the eighteen members of the 
grand jury. Seven of them evidently thought that he was a traitor to 
the United States government because he had helped to defeat the 
corrupt members of the King county courthouse ring, two of whom 
were, under the new county administration, indicted on eleven charges 
of forgery and grand larceny for having stolen from the county treas- 
ury sixty-six thousand dollars, of which amount forty-five thousand 
dollars was collected from the wealthy bondsman. The criminal 
charges against the defaulters were not pressed and the prosecution 
dropped the cases, but for years Mr. Wegener was persecuted by the 
Post-Intelligencer, although one of the later proprietors apologized 
privately to him and the same editor who in 1886 had termed him 
"an open and avowed enemy of the government" wrote him eight years 
later, on September 6, 1894, a letter in which, while thanking Mr, 
Wegener for saving him from a public exposure, he said: "I may 
add that I have long regretted the utterances of the paper against you 
during the campaign of 1886. I regard you as a good citizen. I have 
manj'^ reasons for feeling kindly toward you, and some of them I know 

flD. JF. mesemt 203 

now for the first time. I am sincerely grateful to you for not hav- 
ing resurrected . . ." Public acknowledgment of the wrong done 
Mr. Wegener was never made, however, and the persecution continued 
when the editor of 1886 and 1894 was dead. 

When the election was over Mr. Wegener reviewed his situation. 
The whole pro-Chinese faction held him responsible for its defeat, and 
as it was composed of the wealthy class and the members of corpora- 
tions, the verj^ people who would mostly need the services of a civil 
engineer, he could easily see that if he opened an office in Seattle that 
elemejit would boycott him. While considering the possibility of over- 
coming that antagonism, he met one of the officials of the Vancouver 
United States land office, who asked if Mr. Wegener could assist in 
having their district enlarged by abolishing the Olympia office and 
opening one in Seattle. He had been in Olympia on land-office busi- 
ness and became convinced that it was an impractical place for that 
purpose because the town had the least possible means of trans- 
portation and the cost to the settler of going there to file on land was 
consequently so high as to prevent the settlement of the land in the 
northwestern part of the territory. Mr. Wegener also recognized that 
Seattle would be a far superior location for the United States land 
office and that the change from Olympia to Seattle would benefit the 
entire Puget Sound country generally and Seattle and King county 
especially. He thought, too, that if he could bring about that change, 
Seattle's population would owe him a debt of gratitude which would 
Avipe out all the antagonism of his former political opponents. To 
carry out the plan he made use of his appointment as representative 
of the coal miners of King county at the industrial convention to be 
held in Cincinnati, went to the convention and then on to Washington, 
where he told Mr. Voorhees, representative from the district, of his 
mission. He was informed that General Lamar, secretary of the 
interior, and also the commissioner of the general land office, were 
opposed to the removal of the Olympia land office. Mr. Wegener 
then interviewed General Lamar, who, after fifteen minutes discussion 
of the matter, agreed that the office should be moved to Seattle, but 
the land commissioner opposed the change, saying that Mr. Voorhees 
opposed it and that Mr. Wegener was nothing but a private citizen, 
having no legal authority to represent the Puget Sound people. The 
request was therefore refused. 

While in Washington, Mr. Wegener was invited by the labor 
unions to give a lecture on the Chinese immigration question. He did 
so and embraced the opportunity to discuss also the iniquities of the 
tariff. At that time congressional investigations regarding the cause 

204 iS>, JF. Wegener 

of the prevailing hard times were being made and Mr. Wegener's 
lecture was favorably commented upon by the Washington Post and 
other papers and he was invited by several United States senators to 
discuss the labor question with them. Finally, at an audience with the 
president, he was requested by him to prepare a written statement 
about the cause of the industrial depressions of 1884 to 1886. On 
another occasion the president asked particulars regarding the martial 
law period of Seattle, and when Mr. Wegener thanked him for grant- 
ing the telegraphic request not to remove the troops from Seattle until 
after election, he heartily laughed and said there was a joke about the 
matter which Mr. Wegener did not know. While he and the leading 
Knights of Labor had asked for the protection of the soldiers against 
the pro-Chinese faction, who had first called for the soldiers for their 
own protection, the Chinese had in the same night telegraphed to him, 
also asking that the soldiers might stay in Seattle to protect the Chinese 
against any possible violence on the part of the Knights of Labor. 
It seemed to be the desire of the majority of the people to keep the 
soldiers, consequently they were ordered to remain, although the presi- 
dent was not in favor of martial law. A few days later, when Mr. 
Wegener called upon the secretary of the interior again to get his 
consent to the change of the United States land office, he refused to 
grant this in face of the open opposition of the general land com- 
missioner and the secret objection of Mr. Voorhees, but said that 
Mr. Wegener could have the office of governor of Washington Terri- 
tory in place of Governor Squires, who was to be removed — that 
the president was willing to make the appointment. Mr. Wegener 
declined for three reasons : first, he had promised Mr. Semple to sup- 
port his candidacy; second, he knew that the pro-Chinese faction of 
Seattle would leave nothing undone to prevent the senate from con- 
firming the appointment; and third, because he thought he could do 
more good to Seattle and himself by getting the land office established 
there than if he was made governor. At another meeting with General 
Lamar he was again offered the governorship, which he said the presi- 
dent wished to bestow upon him as a reward for telegraphing to him 
to prevent riot and bloodshed at the election, but he declined in favor 
of Mr. Semple and retiu'ned to Seattle. 

Arrived in Seattle, Mr. Wegener immediately interested the 
county commissioners in the change of the land office from Olympia to 
Seattle and they passed a resolution authorizing him to bring the mat- 
ter before the president. During the next few days he obtained a 
nimiber of letters to prominent men in Washington who were to speak 
to the president about the necessity of estabUshing the land office in 

ffl)« JF. M^egenet 205 

Seattle. He then retui-ned to the capital at his own expense, was 
granted an interview with the president, to whom he explained the 
whole matter — the opposition of Voorhees and the land coimnissioner, 
the conditional approval of the secretary of the interior and the neces- 
sity of the change. In less than half an hour the president agreed to 
give Seattle the land office, but Mr. Wegener was warned by men in a 
position to know what was going on in the land commissioner's office 
that extraordinary efforts were made to influence the president against 
him and the proposed change. One claim was that there was no money 
on hand to make the change and Mr. Wegener settled that by agreeing 
to move the office from Olympia to Seattle for one dollar and give 
bonds for the proper performance of the contract. After having 
become convinced that the president and secretary were not to be 
influenced against the establishment of the land office, he left Wash- 
ington, where he had remained for three months. He had to remain 
in the east for several months more on private business, and when he 
returned to Seattle the land office was estabhshed and in full operation. 
The new location of it increased the number of applicants for land 
from the adjoining and also from the northerly counties and caused 
many residents of Seattle and other places to ta^e up homesteads, 
timber and coal lands who would never have gone to Olympia for the 
purpose, while the money brought to the Seattle lodging houses, hotels 
and restaurants by the strangers who visited the land office, increased 
business in Seattle in a marked degree. Owing to the factional bitter- 
ness which had been engendered at the time of the anti-Chinese riots, 
Mr. Wegener never received credit for what he accomplished in con- 
nection with the land office, which has been of immense benefit to 

Mr. Wegener was connected with another event of public interest. 
In 1894 a German woman, with her year and a half old child, was 
murdered near South Seattle and several hundred dollars stolen from 
the premises. Her husband, Muller by name, was an employe of the 
Hemrich brewery, having been engaged to take the place of Henry 
Craemer, another German worker. The latter, who was in very 
straightened circumstances, was arrested on suspicion that he was the 
murderer. Three weeks later, when Mr. Wegener read in the morning 
paper that the accused man had been convicted of murder in the first 
degree and would be hanged and that he had three little children and 
a wife who could not speak English, he determined to go and see the 
family and help them if they needed it. He met the woman at the 
house where they lived in South Seattle. She had not heard of her hus- 
band's conviction and when asked if she were in need, she said she had a 

206 m, JF, COegenet 

few dollars and the county commissioners had promised to give her f our 
dollars' worth of groceries a month. Mr. Wegener saw that the chil- 
dren were, like the mother, very small and unable to work yet except 
to sell newspapers. They were a girl of twelve, a boy of ten and a girl 
of six. The small size of the children aroused Ms pity and he told the 
woman that he would help her and the children so that they would not 
suffer. She accepted the offer but asked also if Mr. Wegener would 
see that her husband would get an appeal or a new trial. He had no 
intention of interfering with the legal proceedings, believing that the 
accused was guilty, but out of pity for the family he went to the attor- 
ney for the defense and asked what the cost of appeal would be. The 
reply was two hundred and fifty dollars for the writing out of the 
court proceedings, besides the lawyer's fee. He was also told that in 
case of the convicted person being impecunious, the county was accus- 
tomed to pay the cost of court but it was necessary to get the recom- 
mendation of the trial judge, which was always given in cases of that 
kind when the appellant's life was at stake. After an absence of 
several days from town, the lawyer informed Mr. Wegener that the 
judge had refused to let the county pay the cost of the court, adding in 
language that was neither choice nor elegant, "Let the man hang!" 
This showed prejudice on the part of the judge, and when Mr. 
Wegener informed himself about his previous action in the case he 
found that Craemer had not been given a fair trial by any means, as 
could be shown from the court records. Thirteen days after his arrest 
he was arraigned for murder in the superior court and the court 
appointed a lawyer for his defense and gave him nine days' time, which 
included two Sundays, to prepare for trial. On the day set the lawj^er 
said : "As I had neither time nor money to prepare my defense and 
roimd up my witnesses, I ask for two months' time." The prosecuting 
attorney replied that "the lawyer had used no diligence to prepare 
himself for the trial and asked the judge not to give the defense more 
time." The judge consented to this request and the trial was com- 
menced at once. Craemer had no witness but his wife and was found 
guilty of having murdered the woman and robbed her of something 
over two hundred dollars. The whole town had been against him since 
the third day after his arrest. When the wife visited him in jail, asking 
him repeatedly in the presence of several witnesses where he had been 
on the evening of the murder, and when he answered in a low voice, 
"Tacoma," she told him if he had committed the murder he should hang 
for it. The interview was reported in all the Seattle papers. On the 
same day a news item was given out by the chief of police stating that a 
man by the name of Jack Quincy in whose company Craemer claimed 

ffl)« Jf. megenec 207 

to have been in Tacoma on the afternoon of the day of the murder, was 
not known there according to a thorough search made by a Seattle 
pohce officer. This news item was also published in the Seattle papers, 
read by every juror, the judge and the people and, not being proved 
to be false by the defenseless prisoner, was generally believed. 
Craemer's wife testified at the trial that she had known for two weeks 
that her husband would go to Tacoma on the day on which later he was 
accused of having murdered Mrs. Muller, but her testimony was not 
believed after what she had asked and told Craemer in jail. These two 
news items, more than anything else, convicted Craemer, although 
there was also evidence given by him about his visit in Tacoma which 
was flatly contradicted by a reputable witness and which leaves a 
serious doubt to this day whether he is guilty or not. But in a case 
where a man's life is at stake, the court should give the accused time 
for a defense and a lawyer who will "use dihgence." This was not 
done because the two news items mentioned had convinced the court 
and the jury long before the trial that he was giiilty. jVIr. Wegener 
thought so, too, but also knew that Craemer had not been given a 
chance to defend himself. He had neither time nor money to do so. 
Mr. Wegener considered the trial an iniquitous farce and determined 
to take up the man's defense. He paid the cost of court, hired lawyers 
to appeal the case and supported the family, which required every cent 
that he and all the members of his family earned to do this. He tried 
to get the assistance of the Germans but failed. For Craemer's 
defense he received thirteen dollars and fifty cents and for his family 
the German Ladies Aid Society gave five dollars, while five American 
women each gave twenty-five cents. Craemer's relatives in Germany 
refused to contribute anything, but two years later, after Mr. Wegener 
had threatened to expose them and had carried on an appeal at an 
expense of thousands of dollars, they sent seventy-five dollars, although 
some of them were able to pay ten times as much. 

After his appeal to the supreme court had failed to give Craemer 
a new trial, Mr. Wegener would have abandoned the fight, but just at 
that time he obtained evidence from Tacoma which showed that the 
news item published by the chief of police of Seattle in all the city 
papers regarding the non-existence of Jack Quincy was false. The 
assistant postmaster of Tacoma made an affidavit stating that Jack 
Quincy was well known to him, that he had got his mail for months in 
the Tacoma postoffice and up to within a few days after the report of 
the murder of Mrs. Muller had appeared in the Tacoma newspapers. 
He furthermore stated in his affidavit that he had informed the Seattle 
police officer to that effect a few days after Craemer's arrest. The 

208 £>♦ JF. Wegener 

police officer, after Craemer had been sent to the penitentiary, 
acknowledged the truth of the i)ostmaster's affidavit and stated that 
he had given the chief of police, Rogers, the information obtained in 
the Tacoma postoffice. When Mr. Wegener learned this in 1895, a 
year after Craemer's conviction, he was convinced that while the sup- 
pressed information about Quincj^ did not prove Craemer's innocence, 
it proved that the chief of police had contributed to his conviction by 
suppressing evidence in favor of Craemer and publishing false news 
in the Seattle papers about the latter while he was helpless in jail. 
Mr. Wegener discussed the matter with F. W. Duenkel of Tacoma, 
a well-to-do druggist, and with A. Weichbrodt, owner of the Tacoma 
German newspaper, and they decided to form a Craemer defense com- 
mittee and to endeavor to the best of their ability to obtain a new trial 
or secure pardon for the man. As times were hard and it was believed 
the expenses of the work would be heavy, they wrote out a statement 
of the case, had it printed in German and sent several thousand copies 
to German newspapers and societies in the east and California, many 
of which supported their work by financial contributions. When the 
city editor of the Post-Intelligencer, an Australian Englishman and a 
friend of the Seattle chief of police, was informed concerning their 
activities in favor of Craemer, he again began personal attacks upon 
Mr. Wegener which continued for two years, until the latter engaged 
the chief editor of the paper as one of his attorneys. The defense 
coinmittee, of which Mr. Duenkel was the treasurer, had a tremendous 
task. They appealed first to the United States supreme court, then 
brought the case before the supei'ior court in Seattle again, then 
appealed to the United States circuit court, once more to the United 
States supreme court and finally to the state board of pardon, before 
which Mr. Wegener, although ill at the time, made a seven-hours' 
argument which so injured his throat that it has disabled him from 
further public speaking. However, he convinced the board that 
Craemer had not had a fair trial and should not be hanged. He was 
pardoned by the governor, who was bitterly hostile to Craemer, to a 
life term in the penitentiary. The committee received from various 
sources only about four thousand dollars which was not one-third of 
the cost of the defense, and the remainder of the money they had to 
make up in one way or another, the heaviest of the burden falling upon 
Mr. Wegener because he had also undertaken to support the family, 
which he did from his own means for three years, by which time the 
Craemer children had become self-supporting. In this great work of 
benevolence Mr. Wegener lost his own and his wife's property, ruined 
his health so that he was imable to work during a whole year and his 

fl)« JF« mcgener 209 

business was consequently injured. His friends on the committee also 
incurred severe losses, but all had the satisfaction of having saved the 
life of a man whom police officers endeavored to railroad to the gallows 
without a fair trial and with a view of obtaining a thousand doUars 
reward. When Craemer was taken away from Seattle, Mr. Wegener 
told him that if he behaved well he would do all in his power to secure 
his pardon, demanding, however, that if he was freed he and his whole 
family should do all in their power to prove his innocence. This they 
promised and Mr. Wegener in retm-n assisted the family to get along 
so that they would be financially able to take up and carry out the fight 
for the proof of their father's innocence. He watched over the girls 
until they were of age, let the boy learn the machinist trade and aided 
the family in obtaining valuable property on easy conditions. In 
January, 1909, Craemer was pardoned on evidence obtained by the 
committee, but since his release he and his family have done nothing to 
establish his innocence. 

Concerning liis interest in religious teaching in the pubhc schools, 
Mr. Wegener writes as follows: "Unsatisfactorily as the Craemer 
case ended, it has given me some vital information on one of the gravest 
public questions needing a solution. It is the education of children. 
Craemer was an atheist who did not send his children to church. When 
I heard that taunting remarks had been made to them in the public 
school about their convicted father, I sent them, at my expense, to a 
Christian day school, where they received proper religious instruction. 
After a year and a half the school was closed for want of proper sup- 
port. The Craemer children were at that time tnathful, honest and 
obedient, in fact good Christian children. Their mother then sent 
them again to the public school with the result that their character 
gradually changed and became the reverse of what it had been. They 
still went to church for some time but finally quit and ignored all their 
religious teaching. I drew the natural conclusion that in the Godless 
schools the children become Godless. To become honest, truthful and 
law-abiding citizens, they need religious moral teaching, and not only 
for a year or two but during their whole school time, from the age of 
six to fourteen, for virtue and vice are not only acquired by learning 
but also by habit. 

"With the effect of the Godless school upon the Craemer children 
before me, I could understand why the immortal Washington in his 
'Farewell Address' so emphatically recommended religious moral 
teaching to the American people. Said he: 'Of all the dispositions 
and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are 
indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of 

210 m, jF. mtQtmt 

patriotism who would labor to subvert these great pillars of human 
happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. A 
volume would not trace all their connections with private and public 
felicity. Let it simply be asked, where is the security for property, 
for reputation, for Kfe, if the sense of religious obligation desert the 
oaths which are the instrvmients of the investigations in courts of 
justice? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that moral- 
ity can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to 
the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, 
reason and experience, both, forbid us to expect that national morality 
can prevail in the exclusion of religious principle.' 

"With this recommendation of religious moral teaching by the 
wisest statesman this country has produced before me, and my experi- 
ence with the Craemer children, I commenced, as soon as the Craemer 
case had come to an end, in 1909, to agitate the question of religious 
moral teaching in the public schools among Christian and non-church- 
going people. As the creation of one or more state religions is forbid- 
den by the national constitution, I proposed that the Decalogue, as the 
divine commandment of the Creator of the world, should be taught in 
every public school ; because I am convinced that the existence of an all- 
wise and all-loving Creator cannot any more be denied. Natural science 
furnishes an endless amount of indirect proof on the subject. And I 
believe the great majority of the American people perceive the neces- 
sity of such religious teaching, the absence of which since the middle 
of the '60s of the last century has lowered the standard of morality 
and honesty of our people to such a degree that the criminal element 
is steadily increasing faster than the population, and that the criminals 
constantly commence their lawless career at an earlier age of life than 
in pre\aous years. 

"While I was writing, and at different churches and other places 
speaking on this all-important subject, I made a business trip to San 
Diego along the Pacific coast of Wasliington, Oregon and California, 
and seeing how utterly unprepared this coast is against any invasion, 
I concluded to drop my religious school work and in my seventy-fifth 
year commenced to write a book in which, under the title, 'The Secrets 
of the Japanese Government,' I showed up the gigantic political fraud 
underlying the present Japanese government, partly from my own 
experiences in Japan at the end of the '60s of the last century and 
partly from English, but principally Japanese sources. The book 
gives a perfectly correct and truthful pen picture of Japan's past and 
present civilization, of the rule of the Samurai class, the absolute 
impossibility of any member of the weak-minded imperial family. 

SD, JF, Wegener 


which believes in its own divinity, to rule the people, and of the exist- 
ence of a war and conquest policy of the Japanese government, 
adopted in 1869, which is particularly intended to secure for the 
Japanese a foothold on the North American continent, including the 
conquest of Alaska. 

"Although every statement contained in the book is absolutely 
true, I could not get a pubhsher for it in the whole United States and 
had finally, in my seventy-ninth year, to publish it myself and try to 
bring it as best I could before the American people, whose childlike 
confidence in the friendship of the Japanese government has allowed 
them to leave their whole Pacific coast states, territory and insular 
possessions open to a successful Japanese invasion. As soon as the 
Japanese danger has passed, as I hope it will, I intend to devote all 
my time to the question of religious teaching in our public schools, with 
the hope that my initiatory work in the matter may be rewarded by my 
seeing the high standard of morality and honesty existing in the 
United States at my first landing here, in 1858, reestablished, never to 
be lost again through Godless schools." 

WtUtam llarbep Puttier 

jILLIAM HARVEY SURBER of Seattle was born 
on a farm in Madison county, Indiana, some eight 
miles from Andersontown, November 7, 1834, son of 
John and Betsy Surber. His father was of German 
descent and was a native of Virginia, removing to 
Indiana in 1822; and his mother also came from Ger- 
man stock. The son received a country school education and lived on 
the home farm until the age of twenty-two, assisting his father in 
clearing out timber and in other laborious work incidental to rural life. 
During his early period he acquired a reputation as a skilful marks- 
man and himter. In the winter of 1856, while on one of his hunting 
excursions, he shot a deer with a flint-lock rifle, and twenty years later, 
upon retm'ning for a visit to the scenes of his boyhood, learned that it 
was the last deer killed in Madison county. 

In the early part of 1857, having heard that an expedition, headed 
by Gallant Raines, was in process of organization at St. Joseph on the 
Missouri river, with the intention of crossing the plains to California, 
young Surber left home, accompanied by a neighbor, Jack Foster, 
proceeded to that place and joined the party, which, as finally made 
up, consisted of sixty-two persons, sixteen of whom were young 
women. There were forty wagons, twenty-two being loaded with 
provisions, thirty-eight yoke of oxen, and five hundred head of loose 
cattle. The start was made from St. Joseph on the 7th of March. 
Throughout the journey, which was made without untoward incident, 
Surber acted as official hunter for the company. He and Foster left 
the train at Grizzty Flat, California, and went to Hangtown (later 
known as Placerville), and then to Sacramento, where they arrived in 
October. For some nine months he was employed on a ranch twelve 
miles from that place. In July, 1858, deciding to seek his fortune in 
the Eraser river gold diggings, he sailed from San Francisco to Victo- 
ria, British Columbia, and there took the steamer Beaver for his desti- 
nation. Arriving at the diggings he took a claim on Emery's Bar 
between Fort Yale and Fort Hope, and after working industriously 
with a rocker all winter found himself in possession of six hundred 
dollars. This did not seem to him a sufficient reward for such labor, 
and in the spring he returned to Victoria and went by schooner to Port 

216 muiiam ^attieg ^utSci 

Gamble, Washington, and thence by trail to Port Madison. Being 
unable to obtain employment at the latter place, he hired two Siwash 
Indians, who took him in a canoe to Seattle, landing him on Yesler's 
slab pile at the foot of what was then Mill street, now Yesler avenue, 
on the 12th of May, 1859. The same day he was employed at the 
carpenter's trade by Tom Russell and George Barker (at that time 
the only carpenters in Seattle) , and he continued to work for them 
ulitil April of the following year. His employers, not thinking it 
necessary to learn his name, called him Joe, and he has ever since been 
familiarly known to Seattle people as Joe Surber. Afterward he 
worked for Captain Libby in driving piles, and at the same occupation 
for J. M. Colman, having charge of the driver at Utsaladdy; and for 
some time he also served as second engineer on the steamer J. B. 
Libby. In the fall of 1863 he bored the logs used for conveying water 
to the old university, a distance of about seven blocks. 

In 1861, after the McGilvra road was built from Seattle to Lake 
Washington, Mr. Surber took up a homestead of one hundred and 
sixty acres on the north side of Union Bay, but he abandoned the 
homestead and bought the same acreage, with five acres more, from 
the government at a dollar and a quarter an acre. He still retains 
about forty acres. 

Becoming a well known and popular citizen of Seattle, he was 
chosen the first chief of police of the city in 1866 when Henry Yesler 
was mayor and W. R. Maddox, Charles Bm-nett, Charles Terry, and 
Frank Matthias were members of the council. Although he has not 
since been active to any extent in politics or identified with official 
affairs, he has at all times enjoyed a high personal reputation and is 
today known and esteemed throughout the community as one of the 
representative old citizens. 

Much interest attaches to the career of Mr. Surber in connection 
with his reminiscences, or more properly the historical records, of the 
early and later conditions of wild game in the Puget Sound country. 
We have already alluded to his youthful expertness as a marksman 
and hunter, and after coming to Washington he fuUj^ maintained his 
reputation in those respects. It is asserted by competent authorities 
that he has killed at least twice as many deer, cougars and wildcats as 
any man who has ever lived in the state. Cougars he invariably slew 
whenever opportunity offered as a matter of protection to the deer. 
He has a three inch scar on the top of his head as a result of a cougar 
hunt. In a single winter he disposed of five of these animals. It was 
by his hand that the last cougar slain in the vicinity of Seattle met its 
death. This event happened on his place on Union Bay in 189.5. The 

gailUam ^attieg ^uc&et 217 

dogs forced the beast to mount a fence, and Mr. Surber, wishing not 
to mar its pelt with a ball, killed it with a picket. 

At the time of his coming to Seattle (May, 1859) game abounded, 
and deer were especially numerous. The meat of that animal was in 
much request in the market, as beef was then costly and often difficult 
to get at any price. He accordingly devoted much of his leisui-e to 
hunting and with very substantial advantage in those days of narrow 
financial means. On many of his hunting trips he shot from three to 
five deer but never more than enough to satisfy a reasonable demand ; 
no old-timer ever regarded Mr. Surber as a pothimter or other than a 
sportsman of the highest type. He made his first hunt about four 
days after his arrival. Borrowing from Tommy Mercer a Yager rifle 
he went into the woods after dinner and at what is now Fourth and 
Marion streets killed a three-pronged buck, which he dragged single 
handed through the brush to Yesler's Mill. By hunting evenings he 
was able to pay his board and lay bj^ a comfortable sum. In 1867 he 
devoted four months exclusively to hunting, and in that period secured 
one hundred and fourteen deer, seven bears and one elk — this elk being 
the last killed in King county (September 12, 1867). He shot it in 
Frost's meadow at Smith's Cove. He had previously killed five elk, 
all between Lake Union and Green Lake. His first elk (shot Sep- 
tember 1, 1859, just north of the Latona bridge) he sold to Arthur 
Denny, who was then rimning a meat market on Commercial street, 
and the two hind quarters and one fore quarter brought forty-seven 
dollars. Aside from the six elk bagged by Surber, only two are known 
to have been killed in King county — one by David Denny a little 
north of Oak Lake, and the other by Indians on the old McGilvra 
road at what is now Thirtj^-ninth and Madison streets. As late as 
June 12, 1906, Mr. Surber saw three deer, one in front of his house 
on Union Bay and the other just north of the Golf Club, and one 
of these (a buck) he killed. The experiences of Mr. Surber as a 
hunter have been the subject of various publications in the press, and 
by special request from T. S. Palmer, the official in charge of game 
preservation for the federal department of agriculture, he has recently 
furnished some exact particulars for the historical records of the de- 


€lmer €, Came 

,HE marked natural ability and business enterprise of 
Elmer E. Caine were constantly shown in the conduct 
of his interests from the time when he started out in 
life on his own account until he became the head of 
the Alaska & Pacific Steamship Company and was 
prominently identified with the shipping interests of 
the northwest. He readily recognized and improved his opportuni- 
ties and moreover he coordinated seemingly diverse elements into a 
unified and harmonious whole. His prominence in business and his 
personal worth, which had gained for him many friends, caused his 
loss to be deeply regretted when death claimed him on the 25th of 
August, 1908. He was born at White Lake, near Muskegon, Wiscon- 
sin, May 31, 1863, his father being Alfred A. Caine, who was de- 
scended in the maternal line from one of the Harpers connected with 
the distinguished family of that name at Harpersburg, New York. 

After pursuing his education in his native state, Elmer E. Caine 
went to Chicago, Illinois, where for four years he was employed in 
a notion house. Later he became passenger agent for the Wisconsin 
Central Railroad Company at Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he 
spent three years, and in 1889 he became a resident of Seattle. From 
that time forward he was connected with the steamboat business, his 
entrance into that industry being made as the senior partner in the 
firm of E. E. Caine & Company, operating freight and tug boats on 
the Sound. He was thus engaged until he organized the Pacific Clip- 
per Line in 1898, for the Alaska trade, in which connection the 
company operated some of its own vessels and acted as agent for 
others, making trips to Skagway, Cape Nome and other Alaska points. 
They built the steamer G. W. Dickinson, with a capacity of sixteen 
hundred tons, which was later sold to the government for one hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars. The company also built two sailing ves- 
sels, completed in 1901, each valued at seventy-five thousand dollars, 
and they operated altogether ten vessels in the Alaska trade. Mr. 
Caine's first business venture was to operate the steam schooner J. C. 
Brittain and later he obtained control of the Arlington dock, making 
his first start to fortune by bringing stone to Seattle after the big fire 
of 1889. He purchased the steamer Rapid Transit and used it in the 

222 (gimet (g. Caine 

Alaska trade during the rush of 1895 and 1896. At the dissolution 
of the Pacific Packing & Navigation Company he purchased the 
steamships Jeanie, Santa Clara, Santa Ann, Dora and Excelsior and 
operated them under the name of the Alaska Pacific Navigation Com- 
pany, selling out to the Northwestern Steamship Company in 1904. 
The following year he went to the east and purchased the steamships 
Buckham and Watson, which he brought around Cape Horn. They 
were put on the San Francisco run by the Alaska & Pacific Steam- 
ship Company, and the Buckham, sent out by Captain Caine, was 
the first ship to sail from Seattle with relief supphes after the earth- 
quake and fire at San Francisco. Later he built the Falcon and he 
organized and was a heavy stockholder in the Alaska Pacific Express 
Company, now operating at the principal ports of Alaska. His faith 
in the great Alaska country was responsible for his prosperity in a 
great measm-e. In addition to his other interests he became the head 
of the Superior Portland Cement Company at Baker and with James 
F. McElroy, A. T. Van de Vanter and George W. Dickinson he 
organized the King County Fair Association, of which he was one of 
the stewards at the time of his death. He also built the Prudential 
building on Railroad avenue. 

The Captain was married in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Miss 
Minnie A. Roberts, and they had an attractive home in Seattle, cele- 
brated for its gracious hospitality. Fraternally he was connected with 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks as one of its life members. 
He likewise belonged to the Rainier Club and in these organizations 
was a popular member. He had just started to reahze his plans for 
the erection of a fifty thousand dollar home at Lake Park, on Lake 
Washington, but died before his plans could be carried to completion. 
In 1906 he pm-chased a large game preserve, known as Protection 
Island, in the Strait of Juan de Fuca. It seemed that life had for 
him everj^ possibility for comfort and happiness. He had conducted 
his business to such a point that it was possible to have leisure for the 
enjoyment of those things which were of interest to him, but death 
frustrated his plans and he passed away August 25, 1908, at the com- 
paratively early age of forty-five years, his death being the occasion 
of deep and widespread regret among his many friends. He pos- 
sessed sterling qualities that had gained for him the warm regard and 
goodwill of all with whom he had come in contact and everywhere 
people spoke of him in terms of the highest respect. His life record 
indicated the possibilities which are before the young, demonstrating 
what could be accomplished when ambition points out the way and 
enterprise and diligence continue therein. 

IHARLES HERBERT BEBB, a weU known Seattle 
architect, was born at West Hall, Mortlake, Surrey, 

C>3 England, April 10, 1856, a son of Henry Charles 
\9] Lewis and Jessie (Green) Bebb, the former of Eng- 
lish and the latter of Irish birth. The son pursued 
his early education in private schools at Kensington, 
afterward attended King's College in London and a preparatory in- 
stitution at Yverdon, Switzerland. He was also a student in the 
University of Lausanne (Switzerland) for some time, after which he 
returned to London, continuing his study under a private tutor. He 
pursued a private coiu-se in civil engineering in the School of Mines 
in London but before his graduation, however, he accepted an offer 
to go to South Africa, where for five years he was connected with the 
engineering department of the Cape government railways in the 
western division, in the construction work of the Cape Town-Kim- 
berley Railway. That work covered the period between the years 
1877 and 1882. In the latter year, work being suspended, he returned 
to London and later in the same year came to America. It was his 
intention to secure a position with the Illinois Central Railroad, which 
was then building its line to Texas, but when he reached Chicago he 
found that there were excellent business opportunities in that city 
and decided to remain there. He accepted an offer from the Illinois 
Terra Cotta Lumber Company and was soon appointed its construc- 
tion engineer with full charge of all of its work. In that capacity he 
devoted special attention to the subject of fireproofing as related to 
the requirements of the high steel buildings which were then in process 
of evolution, and he soon became known as one of the most competent 
experts in that important line. It was due to his personal efforts that 
the contract for the fire-proofing of the Chicago Auditorium, the 
largest contract of its kind which had ever been awarded at that time, 
was given to his company. In addition to the work on that structure, 
he had charge of the fire-proofing of the Chamber of Commerce build- 
ing, the Monon block and many others of importance. After five 
years, however, he resigned his position with that company to become 
superintending architect with the firm of Adler & Sullivan, of Chi- 
cago, remaining with them for four years, during which time he gained 

226 Ci?atlgs ^et&ctt 15e66 

new laurels in his profession and added to his already enviable reputa- 
tion. While still with that firm, in 1890, he came to Seattle to assume 
charge of the erection of the projected Seattle Theater and Hotel 
building at the corner of Second avenue and University street, but 
financial complications followed the failm-e of the Baring Brothers 
and the enterprise was abandoned, after which Mr. Bebb retm-ned to 

A little later, however, he once more came to Seattle and made 
permanent settlement. He accepted the position of architectural engi- 
neer for the Denny Clay Company, with which he was connected from 
1893 until 1898. At the end of that period he embarked in business 
for himself as a practicing architect and has met with conspicuous 
and well merited success. Under his direction has been built the Frye 
Hotel, the Athletic Club, the Stander Hotel, the Cyrus Walker 
building, the Hoge building, the New Seattle Times building and 
other public buildings and many private residences, the latter includ- 
ing the homes of WUliam E. Boeing, F. S. Stimson, Harry Whitney 
Treat, A. S. Kerry, H. C. Henry, C. F. White, E. A. Stuart, C. H. 
Cobb, William Walker and John Campbell. Mr. Bebb is associated 
with Carl F. Gould and his firm laid out the accepted grouping plan 
for the University of Washington. Moreover, his firm has designed 
the first two buildings on the Liberal Arts Quadrangle, the Home 
Economics building and the Political Science and Commerce building 
and they are now in the course of construction. Mr. Bebb is also 
the architect for the estate of Cyrus Walker and the Denny estate. 
He has written extensively for the technical press on engineering 
subjects and in 1901 he was elected to membership in the American 
Institute of Architects, a fact indicative of the prominence to which 
he has attained as a representative of the profession. He was also a 
delegate to the international convention of architects held in Vienna, 
Austria, in 1907 and he was elected a fellow of the American Institute 
of Architects in 1910, while the same year he was elected a member 
of the Royal Institute of Arts of London, England, and the Amer- 
ican Federation of Arts, Washington D. C. He was appointed expert 
adviser to the state of Washington under Governor Hays' adminis- 
tration and conducted the Washington state capitol competition. In 
addition to the buildings previously mentioned that he has erected, 
mention should be made of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, and 
various buildings of the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition, including 
the Washington State building, the Good Roads, Fisheries and King 
County buildings, beside many warehouses and factories. He is also 
architect for the park board of the city of Seattle. He likewise has 

Ci)atle0 r^et&crt 15e66 227 

important financial interests and has served on the board of directors 
of the Union Savings & Trust Company, occupying that position for 
three years. 

In Chicago, in 1882, Mr. Bebb was united in marriage to Miss 
Virginia Rutter Burnes, a daughter of Dr. Ai'thur Pue Burnes, of 
EUicott City, Maryland, a claimant to the estate of the earl of Der- 
wentwater, who was the ninth earl and last of the line. Dr. Burnes 
served with distinction in the southern army and was surgeon-in-chief 
of the Jordan White Suljihur Springs Hospital at the close of the 
Civil war. To Mr. and Mrs. Bebb has been born a son, Joseph C, 
who was married to Aubrey Lewis, a daughter of Dr. Lewis, chief 
surgeon of the United States Pacific Squadron, now deceased. They 
have one daughter, Virginia A. C. Bebb, born in 1912. 

In his pohtical views Mr. Bebb has always been a stalwart repub- 
lican since age conferred upon him the right of franchise and, while 
never a politician in the sense of office seeking, he became the first 
chairman of the board of appeals of the city of Seattle, serving for 
three years, after which he resigned. Fraternally he is a Mason of 
the Scottish Rite, in which he has attained the thirty-second degree. 
He belongs to the University Club, the Seattle Golf and Country 
Club, the Rainier Club, the Seattle Athletic Club, the Engineers Club, 
the Ranch Gun Club and the Firloch Club. Official honors have come 
to him in connection with his profession, for on three different occa- 
sions he has been elected president of the Washington State Chapter 
of the American Institute of Architects. He is a member of the 
Northwest Society of Civil Engineers in addition to the organizations 
already mentioned which are of a strictly professional character. He 
has made architecture paramount to other interests of his life that 
have to do with the public and his concentration and devotion to his 
profession has gained him notable prominence as one of the leading 
architects of the northwest. 

€toin lap Proton,^®, B, g)., 1%. P, 

)R. EDWIN J. BROWN stands out prominently, a 
representative of that sturdy, able and efficient class 
known as "self-made men." Denied the advantages 
under which most men enter the professions, by hard 
work, untiring energy and close application, he fitted 
himself for the practice of dentistry and later the law. 
Dr. Brown was born in Oregon, Ogle county, Illinois, October 30, 
1864, a son of Steven and Margaret ( Kittleton) Brown. The father's 
people were residents of the state of New York prior to the Revolu- 
tionary war, owners and operators of a chain of flour mills, and strong 
sympathizers with the British crown. At the close of the war, desiring 
to live as British subjects, the family removed to Canada, there re- 
establishing itself in the milling business. It was in that country that 
Dr. Brown's father was born in the year 1812. In 1864, however, 
Steven Brown crossed the border with his family, and became a resi- 
dent and citizen of the United States, establishing his home at Oregon, 
Ilhnois, where Dr. Brown was born. 

After attending a countrj^ school known as Dr. Light's school 
about four miles from Oregon and the Ober school, two miles from 
Chaney station, Dr. Brown became a pupil in the ward primary schools 
at Grand Haven, Michigan. He left those schools at the fourth grade 
and after some years he attended the Wells Preparatory School at 
Oregon, Illinois, in the year 1882. 

His attendance at this school and further education were very soon 
thereafter interrupted by his being thrown entirely upon his own 
resources. When at the age of nine years he began to face the realities 
of life as a newsboy and, against the protest of the entire Brown 
family, annexed a boot blacking department. The meager education 
he obtained until leaving the Wells Preparatory School was gained 
at such time as was permitted by the requirements of this business. 
After leaving the school he obtained a broader experience and a 
broader understanding of many lines of business. By successive em- 
ployment as bellboy, sailor, shingle packer, barber and traveler, he 
gained a personal acquaintance with, and a close insight into the lives 
of many classes of people. 


232 (gPtaiin 3Iap 15coton, D, D. ^., JLL, Ig, 

In the fall of 1881 the Doctor exj)erienced his fii'st call to the west, 
and with a school boy chum, William Axford, started for Yellowstone 
Park proceeding as far as MinneajDolis and St. Paul, but the climate 
was not suitable for their light weight clothing and they returned to 
a climate more in harmony with their wardrobe. 

Again in the spring of 1884 he turned to the far west, visiting 
California and proceeding up the Pacific coast as far as Portland, 
Oregon, where he remained until February, 1885, at which time he 
returned east to Kansas City, Missouri. Still a boy just passing his 
teens he opened a barber shop in Kansas City in which business he was 
engaged until taking up the study of dentistry and while attending 
the Western Dental College, from which he received a degree in 1897. 
In the fall of 1895 he opened a dental office there under the preceptor- 
ship of Dr. W. J. Brady, now dean of the Western Dental College. 
On his gi-aduation from that institution he was offered a position of 
resident demonstrator and professor of prosthetic dentistry and dental 
technique in the College of Physicians and Surgeons at San Francisco, 
California, but remained in Kansas City in order to take up the study 
of law. While engaged in the practice of dentistry he attended the 
Kansas City School of Law from which he was graduated in June, 

It had always been his intention after his visit to the Pacific coast 
in 1884 to make that section of the country his future home as soon as 
circumstances would permit and in Februarj^ 1901, he arrived in 
Seattle and in association with Dr. Fred Steine purchased the Brown 
Dental Offices from Dr. C. P. Brown. Very soon thereafter he 
acquired his partner's interest in the practice and has devoted the 
larger part of his time to his practice vmtil the present. In the fall of 
1903 he organized the law firm of Parker & Brown, which association, 
however, was discontinued in January, 1913. His interests aside from 
his dental offices are in mining properties in Oregon, Washington and 
Alaska, and in the development of orchard and farm lands in Grant 
county, Washington. 

In Kansas City on the 3d day of May, 1886, Dr. Brown was mar- 
ried to Miss Lelia Dell McClelland, a daughter of Calvin P. McClel- 
land, of Ottawa, Kansas, and Fannie (Logan) McClelland, a cousin 
of General John A. Logan. Dr. and Mrs. Brown have become the 
parents of three sons; Edwin James, who married Miss Frances 
Stevenson of Seattle and is a practicing attorney whose biographical 
record appears on other pages in these volumes ; Kirk Charles, who is 
now studying medicine at the University of Colorado; and William 
Clyde, who married Miss Margery Draham of Seattle, and who is 

(gptoin 3lag "Broton, D. D. ^♦, LL. ^, 233 

now devoting his time to agriculture on his father's ranches in Grant 
county, Washington. 

In politics Dr. Brown holds the views of the sociahst party. He 
is active in many charities, he takes an active interest in all questions 
of municipal and public welfare and has been active and prominent 
in all lines of political endeavor. He is a member of the Ancient 
Order of the United Workmen, of the Modern Woodmen of America 
and the Woodmen of the World. He also is a member of the Seattle 
Commercial Club, the Washington State Art Association and the 
Seattle Athletic Club, being an enthusiast in all forms of athletics 
and out-of-door sports, particularly automobiling. 


f ofin C. igorton 

MONUMENT to the business ability of John C. 
Norton is the University State Bank of Seattle, of 
which he was the builder and president, remaining at 
the head of the institution until his demise. Mr. Nor- 
ton was born in Maine on the 2d of February, 1846, 
and in early manhood he took up the profession of 
teaching, in which he displayed marked ability and success, imparting 
clearly and readily to others the knowledge that he had acquired. He 
was forty-three years of age when he came to Seattle in 1889, com- 
missioned by the Free Methodist church to assist in the erection of 
the seminary at Ross, having been ordained a minister by that church 
previous to his coming here. He took up his abode upon a forty acre 
tract of land which was situated in what is now the University View 
addition and which was the property of Mrs. Norton. Upon that 
farm he lived for fourteen years and in the meantime the quick growth 
of the city advanced the value of this property rapidly, making it 
possible for him to sell at a handsome figure. He then built a fine 
home on University boulevard and turned his attention to financial 
interests by becoming the organizer of the University State Bank. 
He was later chosen its president and largely formulated its business 
system, in which progressiveness was tempered by a safe conservatism. 
He continued at the head of the bank until his demise and its growth 
and prosperity are largely attributable to his efforts and his farsighted 
business policy and sagacity. 

On the 5th of May, 1892, in Seattle, Mr. Norton was joined in 
wedlock to Miss M. A. Widger, who was born in the state of New 
York and in early life removed westward to California, but several 
years prior to the great fire of 1889 she became a resident of Seattle. 
She is a portrait painter of considerable note and has on exhibition 
at her home several very fine paintings, particularly one of her hus- 
band, from which the accompanying steel engraving was made. 

Mr. Norton voted with the repubhcan party, and, while not an 

office seeker, kept well informed concerning the political situation and 

the attitude of the two great parties concerning vital questions of the 

day. The Masonic fraternity found in him an exemplary representa- 


238 3[oi)n €♦ jQotton 

tive and his fellow townsmen recognized in him a citizen who was 
always active for Seattle's growth and benefit. Both he and his wife 
lived to witness great changes in the city. The vestiges of villagehood 
were wiped out with the great fire and the work of upbuilding was 
continued upon a larger, broader and more modern scale, Mr. Norton 
was among those who had wisdom to foresee something of the changes 
which the future would bring and therefore made investment in prop- 
erty which ultimately brought to him a most gratifying financial return. 


/jKju^-^i^Lxn^^^ cs4 . ^yhn/LL>^^=i^ 

HJamesJ p. Mtttalit 

lAMES B. METCALFE has long been regarded as 

J.,wi a distinguished attorney of the northwest. A con- 
^ temporary biographer has said of him: "Mr. Met- 
^ ealfe is a native of Mississippi, his birth having 
occurred near Natchez, in Adams county, on the 15th 
of January, 1846. He is of Enghsh and Irish Hneage. 
The Metcalfes arrived in Massachusetts in 1620 and were numbered 
among the Puritan settlers of New England, Michael being the pro- 
genitor of the family in America. Representatives of the name re- 
moved to Connecticut and others to Ohio, while the branch of the 
family to which our subject belongs was founded in Mississippi by 
his father. On the maternal side the ancestry can be traced directly 
to Deacon Samuel Chapin, whose bronze statue adorns the park in 
Springfield, Massachusetts. Nathaniel Chapin, the grandfather of 
our subject, was an ensign in the Revolutionary war, and members of 
the Metcalfe family were minute men at Concord and Lexington, so 
that on both sides Mr. Metcalfe of this review has inherited the right 
to become a Son of the American Revolution. He has availed him- 
self of the opportunity this has given and is a valued member of the 
organization. His father, Oren Metcalfe, was born in Enfield, Con- 
necticut, in 1810, removed thence to Ohio, and subsequently became 
a resident of Mississippi, where he was married to Miss Zuleika Rosalie 
Lyons, a native of Adams county, Mississippi. The Lyons family 
had emigrated from Ireland to this country at a verj^ early day in its 
history and had for many years resided in the south, where they were 
people of very high repute and influence. Oren Metcalfe was the 
owner of an extensive plantation, which he successfully controlled 
and operated, at the same time taking a very prominent part in public 
affairs, his influence there being on the side of progi-ess and improve- 
ment. For fifteen years he served as sheriff of his county. The cause 
of education found in him a very warm friend ; for many years he was 
treasurer of Jefferson College, and his wife was president of the 
board of trustees of the Presbyterian Orphan Asylum. Both held 
membership in the Presbyterian church, he being an elder in the First 
Presbyterian church of Natchez for forty years. His life, at all times 
honorable and upright, was an example well worthy of emulation and 

244 31amgs TB, Qgctcalfe 

his influence and eflforts were so discerningly directed that they proved 
of the greatest value to the community with which he was associated. 
He was subsequently called to his final rest at the age of eighty-six 
years and his wife passed away in 1869. They were the parents of 
thirteen children, three of whom are yet hving. 

"James Bard Metcalfe pursued his education under the direction 
of private tutors and in the schools of Natchez. In 1863 the need of 
the southern states to replenish the army with additional troops caused 
him to off"er his services to the Confederacy. He had deep sympathy 
for the people of the south, and also prompted with a spirit of adven- 
ture, he ran away from home, joining the army as a member of the 
Tenth Mississippi Cavalry. His first service was in defense of Mobile, 
Alabama, and he had the honor of being a commissioned officer of his 
company. For some tune he served under the gallant cavalry leader, 
General N. B. Forrest, participating in many of the memorable en- 
gagements of the CivU war. He remained in active service until the 
close of hostilities and endured all the hardships and privations which 
befell the southern army during the last two years of the great strug- 
gle. He was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, by General E. R. S. 
Canby. He had many narrow escapes, bullets several times piercing 
his clothing, yet he was never wounded. 

"When the war was ended Mr. Metcalfe returned to Natchez. His 
family had suffered much through the loss of property and in an en- 
deavor to retrieve his fortime he accepted a clerkship in a mercantile 
house, while later he was connected with a banking establishment. He 
studied law at night under the direction of Judge Ralph North, 
spending all his leisure moments outside of banking hours in the ac- 
quirement of his legal knowledge. Desiring better opportunities for 
advancement, in 1870 he came to the Pacific coast, locating in San 
Francisco, where he accepted a position in the Pacific Bank, continu- 
ing at the same time to pursue his law studies for a year. On the 
expiration of that period he entered the law office of the firm of Bart- 
lett & Pratt, where for a year he studied most assiduously and was 
then admitted to the bar by the supreme court of California. At that 
time the firm of Bartlett & Pratt was dissolved and the fii-m of Pratt 
& Metcalfe was formed. He soon entered upon a very active practice, 
meeting with highly satisfactory success. His abihty as a lawj^er was 
rapidly winning him a foremost place among the able members of the 
bar of San Francisco when in 1883 business called him to Seattle, and 
he became so deeply impressed with the bright future that lay before 
the city that he decided to link his interests with its destiny. 

"In accordance with that determination, in May, 1884, Mr. Met- 

3lameg 13, Qjetcalfe 245 

calf e took up his abode in Seattle and opened an office for the practice 
of his profession, which he continued alone for some tinie, his clientage 
steadily growing each year. After three or four years he entered into 
partnership with Junius Rochister under the firm name of Metcalfe 
& Rochister. The business relation between them was maintained for 
about two years, during which time they were connected with some of 
the most important trials in the territory. It was during that period 
that Mr. Metcalfe most signally distinguished liimself as a juiy lawyer 
in the homicide case of the Washington territory versus Miller, which 
is found reported in volume 3 of the Washington Territory Reports. 
The case attracted much attention, and popular prejudice against the 
accused was so strong that it was difficult to obtain a fair and impar- 
tial trial. For two and one-half years this case was before the courts, 
and in the four trials which were heard every inch of the ground was 
fought with great skill by able lawyers in behalf of the territory. 
Unremitting zeal and almost unrequited toil — for the defendant was 
poor — were brought to bear on the case by Mr. Metcalfe and his able 
partner, and the final acquittal of their cUent was regarded as one of 
the most brilliant victories in the history of criminal cases in the nortli- 
west. Mr. Metcalfe's appeal to the jury was a most masterful effort, 
and the entire management of the defense evinced the most thorough 
knowledge and application of the law. Since that time Mr. Metcalfe's 
practice has been largely in corporation and admiralty law, in which 
it may be said he stands without a peer. While his practice has been 
of a very important character and his clientage is extensive, he has 
also been connected with other interests. He was one of the orig- 
inators and one of the most active promoters of the first cable line in 
Seattle, known as the Yesler Avenue line, running from a point near 
the bay to Lake Washington. His prominence in business circles of 
the city is shown by the fact that he was sent as a delegate from the 
Seattle Chamber of Commerce to the Pacific Board of Commerce 
which met in San Francisco in September, 1890, and well did he rep- 
resent his city's organization. 

"In his political views Mr. Metcalfe is a stalwart democrat, and 
while in San Francisco he attained much prominence as a politician 
and was sent as a delegate of his party to represent California in the 
democratic national convention held in Cincinnati in 1880, at which 
time General Winfield Scott Hancock was nominated for the presi- 
dency. In other political movements Mr. Metcalfe was also very 
prominent and influential. He served as captain of a company com- 
posed of Union and Confederate veterans during the Kearney agita- 
tion in San Francisco, and in 1887 was appointed by Governor Semple 

246 3lameg 15« Q^ctcalfe 

the first attorney general of Washington territory, in which office he 
served with honor and credit until the admission of the territory into 
the Union and in which he continued under Governor Moore until the 
adoption of the constitution. During the campaign of 1886 Mr. Met- 
calfe made a thorough canvass of the territory in behalf of the nominee 
of his party for delegate to congress. His addresses were magnificent 
oratorical efforts, spoken of in the highest praise by those who heard 
them. One journal in alluding to his speeches said, 'We have listened 
to many powerful orators but never heard a clearer or more powerful 
argument,' and he would at one time have been the unanimous choice 
of his party for delegate to congress, but decided to decline the honor, 
and stood with unswerving fealty in support of his candidate, the 
Hon. C. S. Voorhees, whom he placed in nomination in a speech which 
created the greatest enthusiasm. In many pubhc addresses outside 
the line of his profession Mr. Metcalfe has established a reputation as 
an orator of much power, force and grace, and while he possesses in a 
very marked degree the qualities which would fit him for any position 
in public life, he desires to give his entire attention to his professional 

"In the great fire which occurred in Seattle in 1889, it was his 
misfortune to lose his law library, which was at that time one of the 
most valuable private collections of law books in the city. Soon after 
the fire he built a three-story business block and in this building, after 
the formation of his j)artnership with C. W. Turner and Andrew J. 
Burleigh, he established new offices, which are equipped with probably 
the largest and most complete law library in the northwest. After 
some time Mr. Burleigh retired from the firm, and it continued as 
Metcalfe & Turner until the present firm of Metcalfe & Jure was 
established. They now occupy spacious offices in the Pacific block and 
among their clients are numbered some of the largest corporations in 
the state of Washington. Mr. Metcalfe has also been in many ways 
a most valued resident of the city of his choice and has ever been ready 
to promote the welfare of Seattle. During the anti-Chinese agitation 
he served as lieutenant of Company D of the National Guards and 
was on active duty throughout this crisis in the city's history. Public 
excitement ran high, and on the evening of the day on which the riot 
occurred, in which one man was killed and several wounded, he was 
detailed to post the guards, the city being then under martial law. 
The undertaking was one of much danger, as the streets were filled 
with throngs of excited men, but such was his patience, firmness and 
loyalty to duty that he accomplished his tasks with splendid success 
and continued to serve with his company from the time martial law 

3fames 15, Qgetcalfe 247 

was proclaimed until the arrival of United States troops, when Mr. 
Metcalfe and his men were relieved from fm-ther military duties. 
Mr. Metcalfe is known as a man of the liighest type of bravery, having 
a coiu-age which will face any danger if necessary, yet never taking 
needless risks. His courage was strikingly shown on a cold night in 
February, 1887, when he and Hon. D. M. Drumheller, then attending 
the legislature from Spokane, were about to take the steamer at the 
Olympia wharf. The deck of the steamer was covered with ice, which 
could not be seen in the darkness, and Mr. Drumheller slipped and fell 
into the water. Without a moment's hesitation General Metcalfe 
plunged in after his friend and saved his life at the risk of his own. 

"In 1877 Mr. Metcalfe was happily married to Miss Louise Boar- 
man, a native daughter of California, born in Sacramento, her par- 
ents being Thomas M. and Mary Boarman, of that city. To Mr. Met- 
calfe and his wife have been born two sons, Thomas Oren, now in 
business in New Orleans, and James Vernon. Mr. Metcalfe is a gen- 
tleman of strong domestic tastes, devoted to his family and their 
welfare, and gives to his sons every opportunity for obtaining a thor- 
ough education. He takes very little interest in fraternal matters, 
but was at one time colonel of the first regiment of the Uniformed 
Rank of the Knights of Pythias. In private life he commands high 
regard, and the circle of his friends is almost coextensive with the circle 
of his acquaintances. As long as the history of jurisprudence in 
Washington shall be a matter of record, the name of Mr. Metcalfe 
will figure conspicuously therein by reason of the fact that his career 
at the bar has been one of distinguished prominence, and that his was 
the honor of serving as the first attorney general of the territory of 

His son, J. Vernon Metcalfe, is practicing at the bar of Seattle, 
where the name of Metcalfe has long figured in a prominent connec- 
tfon. He is now identified in professional activity with his father. 
The son, as most boys do, largely devoted the period of his youth to 
the acquirement of an education and following his graduation from 
the high school of Seattle with the class of 1905 he entered the Uni- 
versity of Washington. Anxious to follow in the professional foot- 
steps of his father, he enrolled as a law student, pursued the regular 
course and was graduated in 1909 with the LL. B. degree. Imme- 
diately afterward he entered upon the practice of his profession in 
connection with his father, but while he has the benefit of the senior 
Metcalfe's experience and the reputation of the name, he recognizes 
that advancement at the bar must depend upon individual merit and 
ability, as is the case in every line of work which has as its basis in- 


3Iamc0 15. Q^etcalfe 

tellectual activity. He is carefully preparing his cases and his work 
is done with a thoroughness that marks his devotion to his clients' 
interests and he has especially fitted himself for the practice of the 
admiralty courts. 

J. V. Metcalfe is identified with two college fraternities, the Delta 
Tau Delta and the Phi Delta Phi. He belongs to the Knights of 
Columbus, has membership in the Arctic Brotherhood and gives his 
political allegiance to the democratic party. All other interests, how- 
ever, are made subservient to his purpose of winning a creditable 
name and place at the bar and already he is accounted one of the fore- 
most of the yovmg lawyers of the northwest. He and his brother, 
Thomas Oren, are representatives of the type of fine, stalwart Amer- 
ican citizens which is the best evidence that the republic shall endure. 
They have proved themselves worthy of their ancestry and are adding 
to the honor of the family name. 

C^CUuUtM (f3. ^^KZ-^A^ 


futrge Carroll P, (§rabes! 

^HE title which prefaces the name of Carroll B. Graves 
has been well earned and his record as a jurist is char- 
acterized by strict impartiality and a masterful grasp 
of every problem presented for solution. He was 
born at St. Mary's, Hancock county, Illinois, Novem- 
ber 9, 1861, his parents being John Jay and OriHa 
Landon (Berry) Graves. The family is descended from Captain 
Thomas Graves, who in 1607 emigrated from England to James- 
town, Virginia, on the William and Mary, the second ship to make 
that voyage. He became a prominent member of the Virginia colony, 
aiding in molding its destiny during its formative period. He sat in 
the house of burgesses which met in June, 1619, and which was the 
first legislative assembly to convene in America. The family con- 
tinued to reside in Virginia until the close of the Revolutionary war, 
when the great-grandfather of Carroll B. Graves removed to Ken- 
tucky. His son. Major Reuben Graves, the grandfather, served as a 
soldier in the War of 1812 under General Harrison. While descended 
from Virginia ancestry in the paternal line, on the maternal side Car- 
roll B. Graves comes from old New England stock, his mother having 
been a daughter of Dr. Jonathan Berry, of Grand Isle, Vermont, who 
was the chief surgeon on the American flagship at the battle of Platts- 
burg in the War of 1812. There were four sons in the family of 
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Graves, three of whom reside in Spokane. One 
of these, Frank H. Graves, is a prominent member of the bar there 
and was one of the first owners and a trustee of the world famous 
La Roi mine of British Columbia. He was also associated with Sen- 
ator George Turner and others in the ownership of the Seattle Post- 
Intelligencer. Jay P. Graves, another brother of Judge Graves, 
founded the Granby Consolidated Mining & Smelting Company, the 
largest mining corporation in Canada, of which he has been con- 
tinuously vice president and general manager. He also organized 
and became president of the Spokane Terminal Company, the Spokane 
Inland Railway Company and the Coeur d'Alene & Spokane Rail- 
way Company, aU of which he merged into the Spokane & Inland 
Empire Railroad Company. Will G. Graves is associated in the 
practice of law with his eldest brother, Frank H., and is accounted one 

252 3I«0gg Catcoll 15. arai3Cg 

of the distinguished members of the Spokane bar. He is also prom- 
inent as a factor in the political history of the state, having been 
elected for several terms a member of the state senate, in which he 
became a most influential factor, his able work as chairman of the 
conmiittee on constitutional revision and amendments and as a member 
of the judiciary committee having left a deep impress upon the laws 
of the state. 

Judge Carroll B. Graves, reared in his native county, became a 
student in Carthage College, Illinois, and for a year prior to his ad- 
mission to the bar acted as principal of the public schools of Vermont, 
that state, and was also city attorney there during the same period. 
His identification with the northwest dates from 1885, in which year 
he became a resident of North Yakima, Washington, where he opened 
a law office and entered upon the practice of his profession. Not 
only did he attain professional prominence but also became a leader 
in municipal afl^airs. He was associated with the late United States 
District Judge Whitson in drawing up the city charter for North 
Yakima and as the first city attorney prepared a complete code of 
ordinances. He afterward became a resident of Ellensburg and while 
there residing was elected superior judge of Kittitas, Yakima and 
Klickitat counties in the fall of 1889. His course upon the bench 
during his first term was so acceptable that he was reelected for a 
second term and thus served for eight years. He then again took up 
the private practice of law and for some years was identified with 
practically all of the important litigation held in the courts of central 
Washington. He became a resident of Seattle in 1905 and entered 
upon the general practice of law in this city, where for five years he 
acted as coimsel for the Northern Pacific Railway Company. He is 
now a member of the law firm of Bogle, Graves, Merritt & Bogle, 
which has a large corporation practice, while in the field of general 
practice they have an extensive clientage in eastern Washington. 
Judge Graves possesses comprehensive knowledge of the principles 
of jurisprudence and is regarded as one of the best informed lawyers 
of the state. He has given much study and attention to irrigation 
matters, being retained by many of the largest projects of that char- 
acter in Washington and he has aided in writing all the late acts of 
the state relative to irrigation and water rights. In a word his opin- 
ions on such subjects are largely accepted as authority and the pro- 
fession as well as the public entertains the highest regard for his abil- 
ity in the field of law practice. 

Judge Graves has been married twice. In January, 1888, he 
wedded Miss Ivah E. Felt, of Keokuk, Iowa, and they became parents 


31uDgc CactoU 1g« (gtaues 


of two daughters: Marion Kellogg, now the wife of William F. 
Finn; and Florence Felt, the wife of John D. Thomas. Both are 
residents of Seattle. In June, 1898, Judge Graves wedded Catherine 
Osborn, of EUensburg, Washington, and they have one child, Carolyn. 
The Judge is an Elk and is also a member of the Rainier Club of 


penjamin JF, Priggs; 

[ENJAMIN F. BRIGGS, one of the pioneer settlers 
of Seattle and well known in business circles, acted 
as confidential agent for Dexter Horton for many 
years and in that capacity was concerned in many 
important transactions. He also owned considerable 
property in the city. A native of Massachusetts, his 
birth occurred in Freetown on the 19th of July, 1832. His father, 
Franklin Briggs, was also born in the Bay state and, hke so many of 
the sons of Massachusetts, was a seafaring man. During the War of 
1812 he was mate of a vessel and was captured by the British, who 
held him in the Dartmouth prison for several months. He was an 
able navigator and was master of several vessels. His wife, who was 
in her maidenhood Miss Sarah Hathaway, was also a native of 

Benjamin F. Briggs attended the public schools in his boyhood 
and later was a student in an academy at Middleboro, devoting the 
winters to study and the simimers to work on various vessels. In 
1853 he went to Cahfornia by way of the Isthmus of Panama and for 
three years thereafter was identified with the maritime interests on 
the Pacific coast. He then entered into partnership with Captain 
Lamb and for several years engaged in the grain and general com- 
mission business in San Francisco. Later he held a position as an 
accoimtant in that city but in 1869 he came to Seattle, which then 
gave little promise of developing into the present metropolis. In 
Jime, 1870, he opened the first banking house established in this city 
and became cashier of the institution, which was a private bank and 
was conducted by the firm of Dexter Horton & Company. He re- 
mained in that connection for twenty-one years and was confidential 
agent for Mr. Horton before and after that gentleman sold his interest 
in the bank and devoted his attention to his other important interests. 
As confidential agent Mr. Briggs was given a gi-eat deal of freedom 
in the management of his employer's business, and his advice and 
counsel were usually acted upon. He proved thoroughly efficient in 
the discharge of his duties. He purchased property for himself and 
erected five substantial buildings upon his land at the corner of Spring 

258 IBen/amin iF« ^tiggg 

and Seventh streets and on Madison street. His investments proved 
very profitable and he gained financial independence. 

Mr. Briggs was married in 1869 to Miss Rebecca Horton, a daugh- 
ter of Dexter Horton, and to this union were bom three children, 
Ida, Alfred and Laura Mabel. The last named gave her hand in 
marriage to Samuel Trethewey, who was born on Owen Sound, East- 
ern Canada, but who for several years has been engaged in the real- 
estate business in Seattle. Their children are, Lauren and Hazel. 
Mrs. Rebecca Briggs passed away in 1875 and Mr. Briggs later mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Griffith, a native of Pennsylvania, by whom he had 
four children, Frank, Clarence, Clyde and Herbert. 

Mr. Briggs was a stalwart republican and served acceptably on the 
city coimcil. He supported the Methodist Protestant church and his 
fraternal affiliation was with the Masonic order. He was active in 
business until his demise, which occurred on the 17th of August, 1902, 
and in his passing Seattle lost a man who could always be depended 
upon to further the development of the city along business and civic 
lines. All who came in contact with him held him in the highest esteem 
and there were many who felt for him warm personal regard. 


Jftank aaijjitnep pafeer 

|OR a quarter of a century a resident of Seattle, Frank 
Whitney Baker has during that period won for him- 
self a position in the foremost ranks of the city's 
business men and at the same time his public spirit 
has found tangible expression in the stalwart support 
of many movements which have had direct bearing 
upon the welfare and upbuilding of the metropohs of Washington. 
The breadth of the continent separates him from his birth place, for 
he is a native of Yoimgstown, Niagara coimty, New York. He was 
born September 19, 1852, of the marriage of David C. and Adelia H. 
(Cobb) Baker, and is descended in the paternal line from Dutch and 
English ancestry, while in the maternal line he is of English descent. 
Both families, however, were established on American soil during 
colonial days and both were represented by valiant soldiers of the 
Revolutionary war and by those who have shown equal patriotism in 
other relations. Through maternal connection Mr. Baker is a grand- 
nephew of Dr. Lyman Cobb, the noted educator and author of text- 
books. His parents became residents of western New York during 
its pioneer development and Mr. Baker figured prominently in the 
upbuilding and progress of that part of the state. 

After attending the local schools Frank Whitney Baker con- 
tinued his education in Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, of Lima, New 
York, in Wyoming Seminaiy of Kingston, Pennsylvania, and in 
Eastman's Business College, of Poughkeepsie, New York. In early 
life he engaged in teaching for a brief period but afterward removed 
to Greenville, Michigan, where he entered into active connection with 
the line of trade of which he has since been a representative, becom- 
ing an employe of the firm of Sprague Brothers, retail hardware 
merchants. He afterward went to Detroit to accept the position of 
head bookkeeper with the firm of Black & Owen, and remained with 
their successor, the Black Hardware Company, in the same capacity. 
After Seattle was largely laid waste by the great fire of 1889 and 
new business enterprises were springing up to meet the immediate 
demand, the Black Hardware Company having merged its interests 
with the Seattle Hardware Company, removed its business plant to 

262 jFranb mbitnty IBaket 

this city, and in March, 1890, Mr, Baker took up his abode in Seattle, 
and from that time forward through twenty years he was a most 
active factor in the development of the company's business and the 
extension of its trade relations. His efforts were largely seen in the 
result which made this one of the most important and extensive con- 
cerns of the kind on the Pacific coast. He became treasurer of the 
company and acted in that capacity until April, 1910, when he re- 
tired to enjoy a well earned rest, although he still retains financial 
interest in various important business concerns of the city. He was 
the first president of the Title Trust Company, and is still a member 
of the board of directors. He is vice president and director of the 
National City Bank and is identified with various other interests. 

His activity, too, extends along various lines of a semi-public 
character, whereby the welfare of the city has been advanced. He 
belongs to the Chamber of Commerce of Seattle, of which he has 
been vice president and trustee, and he has served as vice president 
and trustee of the Charity Organization of Seattle. He did splendid 
work in connection with the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition as one 
of its trustees, as chairman of its finance committee, and as a member 
of its executive committee. One of the features of his citizenship has 
been his recognition of opportunities and advantages that have to do 
with the public welfare and full utilization of these to the extent of 
his power and his time. 

On the 26th of December, 1888, Mr. Baker was married in 
Elmira, New York, to Miss Jennie Sibbelle Godfrey. He is well 
known in club and fraternal circles, holding membership in the Com- 
mercial Club, Seattle Golf and Covmtry Club, Arctic Club, Rainier 
Club and Seattle Athletic Club. He is a prominent and well known 
Mason, holding membership in Arcana Lodge, No. 87, F. & A. M.; 
Oriental Chapter, No. 19, R. A. M.; Seattle Commandery, 
No. 2, K. T., and Lawson Consistory, No. 1, A. & A. 
S. R., and is past wise master of Rose Croix Chapter, No. 1. 
He is also a member of Nile Temple of the Mystic Shrine, and upon 
him has been conferred the highest honor of the Scottish Rite, as he 
was elected to the thirty-third degree by the supreme council for the 
southern jurisdiction of the United States. He is widely known 
because of his public service, which has been of a most helpful charac- 
ter along various lines affecting the general welfare. In politics he 
is an earnest republican, and though he has frequently been urged 
to become a candidate for political office and honors, he has always 
declined, although he has been frequently spoken of in connection 
with the mayoralty. He stands, however, for good government in 

jFranb mftttneg ^aber 263 

city and state and his influence is a potent factor in advancing civic 
virtue, in upholding the best interests of the community and in lend- 
ing dignity to the term citizenship. 



ber of the medical fraternity of Seattle specializing 
in surgery and gynecology, was born October 7, 
1878, in Seward, Nebraska, a son of Arthur L. 
Weichbrodt, who was a native of Berlin, Germany, 
and came to America in 1873, settling at Lincoln, 
Nebraska. He has devoted his life largely to journalism 
and is now editor and proprietor of the German paper "Die 
Wacht Am Sunda" at Tacoma. He came to Washington in 1882, 
first settling at Seattle but afterward going to Tacoma where he 
established the paper which he is now publishing. He married Laura 
Ballard, a native of Indiana and a daughter of Joseph Ballard, a 
descendant of an old Pennsylvania family represented in the Revo- 
lutionary war. Members of the family became pioneer settlers of 
Indiana. Mrs. Weichbrodt is still living and by her marriage she 
became the mother of four children. 

Dr. Weichbrodt, the eldest of the family, accompanied his par- 
ents to Tacoma in early boyhood and there attended the public 
schools until he reached the age of thirteen years, when he became a 
newsboy of that city. He was afterward an A. D. T. messenger and 
still later took up the study of pharmacy. His first position in con- 
nection with the drug business was in the store of Virges & Company 
at Tacoma, with whom he remained for three years. He then passed 
the state examination, after which he left home and became a range 
rider in eastern Washington and western Montana, spending a year 
in that connection. With his earnings on the range he paid his tuition 
in the University of St. Louis at St. Louis, Missouri, where he was • 
graduated in 1903 with the Bachelor of Science degree, while the 
following year he won his M. D. degree. He then became an interne 
in the St. Louis City Hospital under Dr. Amichs and later he pur- 
sued post-graduate work in the Post Graduate Hospital and in the 
BeUevue Hospital of New York city, thus splendidly qualifying for 
the onerous and responsible duties of the profession. 

Returning to Washington, Dr. Weichbrodt passed the required 
state examination and located for practice at Winlock, where he 
remained for five years. He afterward spent a year in post-graduate 

work in New York, in the Johns Hopkins University at Baltimore, 
Maryland, and in Berlin and Vienna. Following his return from 
abroad he practiced for a year at Winlock and then removed to Seat- 
tle. Later he again entered upon post-graduate courses, spending six 
months in post-graduate work in New York, but in January, 1912, 
returned and resumed active practice. In 1913 he spent two months 
in further study in New York, specializing in surgery and gynecol- 
ogy, which he has since made the principal features of his practice. 
He is thoroughly conversant with all the latest scientific researches in 
those fields and practices according to the most scientific methods. 

On the 15th of September, 1903, in Seattle, Washington, Dr. 
Weichbrodt was united in marriage to Miss Eugenie Levy, a native 
of Denver, Colorado, and a daughter of Benjamin C. Levy. Dr. 
Weichbrodt figures very prominently in fraternal circles. He has 
advanced far in Masonry, being now a Mystic Shriner, and he also 
holds membership with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, the Woodmen of the World, the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, the Knights of Pythias, the Owls and the Moose. He is 
likewise a member of the College Club of Seattle and the Seattle 
Automobile Club and he finds his chief diversion in fishing, hunting 
and motoring. He gives his political allegiance to the republican 
party and both he and his wife are members of the Episcopal church. 
Along strictly professional hnes he has connection with the King 
County Medical Society, the State Medical Society, the American 
Medical Association and the American Gynecological Association. 
The thoroughness with which Dr. Weichbrodt masters anything 
which he undertakes is shown by the many times which he has gone to 
the east for post-graduate work, thus continually broadening his 
knowledge and promoting his efficiency. He is now recognized as a 
distinguished member of the medical profession in Seattle and one of 
marked power and ability. 


fames! M* Sm 

jURING the later years of his hfe James M. Frye 

D™,^ occupied the responsible position of superintendent 
^ with the firm of Bebb & Mendel, architects, of Seat- 
mi tie. He had a wide acquaintance in Seattle, in which 
city he was born on the 22d of August, 1861, and 
there spent his entire life. He acquired his educa- 
tion in the public schools and in the State University and for a num- 
ber of years after leaving school attended to the business interests of 
his father, looking after his property. In 1900, however, he became 
associated with Bebb & Mendel, architects, and was superintendent 
of all their large building operations until May, 1904, when failing 
health compelled him to resign. 

In 1887 Mr. Frj^e was united in marriage to Miss Loretta Rip- 
ley, a daughter of J. M. Ripley, who came to Washington in 1882 
from Watsonville, California. Before removing to the coast he was 
a resident of Galena, Illinois, and after coming to Seattle he con- 
ducted a hotel for a time but later retired from active business. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Frye were born two children, Russell Marion and Ruth 
Louise. The family circle was broken by the hand of death on the 
14th of February, 1905, when the husband and father was called to 
his final rest at the comparatively early age of forty-three years. 
He had a wide acquaintance in Seattle, where his entire life had been 
passed, and he had been a witness of the growth of the city from the 
days of its villagehood. Its historj^ was familiar to him and among 
its residents he had a circle of friends that was constantly growing. 
He displayed many sterling traits that endeared him to those with 
whom he came in contact. 


fcrhZtoQ / 3-CLA/LTJiyr 

^ortus( paxter 

)ORTUS BAXTER, sporting editor of the Post- 

Pwa? Intelligencer and one of the best known newspaper 
^ men on the Pacific coast, prepared for his present 
^^ position in the school of experience and won his 
reputation by his own efforts. He was born at 
Derby Line, Vermont, October 7, 1867, a son of 
Major Henry Baxter, who served in the Civil war mider Generals 
L. A. Grant and Sheridan. He was advanced to the rank of major 
in recognition of his bravery at the battle of Cedar Creek. He mar- 
ried Laura White, a native of Bennington, Vermont, who died in the 
year 1872, while Major Baxter, surviving for a considerable period, 
passed away in Seattle in 1890. 

Speaking of his education, Portus Baxter says that he attended 
Goddard Seminary at Barre, Vermont, that he entered the front 
door of Tufts College, passed right through arid came west to Seattle, 
arriving October 23, 1889, being then a young man of twenty-two 
years. He has devoted almost his entire life to newspaper writing 
and since 1890, when he entered the employ of the Post-Intelligencer, 
has been continuously connected with that paper, identified with 
every department. For many years he has now occupied the posi- 
tion of sporting editor and for some time was also editor of the Sun- 
day magazine section. 

He claims that Clarence B. Bagley, editor of this History of 
Seattle, is responsible for his being a newspaper man instead of a 
banker, for when a boy he became associated with a bank in which 
Mr. Bagley was cashier. He filled the position of errand boy and 
during the absence of one of the head officials of the bank Mr. Bagley 
took it upon himself to stand sponsor for the said errand boy for the 
munificent sum of one dollar per week to be used for carfare, thereby 
causing a general disturbance and a special meeting of the stock- 
holders on account of such extravagance. The head official of the 
bank refused to allow this exorbitant sum to a boy who had nothing 
to do but run errands and, therefore, leaving his position, he soon 
afterward secured employment on the Seattle Post-Intelhgencer, 
of which Will H. Parry was then city editor. He was given in 
charge of Larry K. Hodges, who now holds an important position 

276 Poctu0 Igattec 

with the Oregonian of Portland. His training was most thorough 
and ofttimes of an arduous character. It would not be unusual for 
him to be sent to Ballard at eleven o'clock at night to get the details 
for a story on a fire and perhaps, upon his return, he would be 
informed that the information for which he had been sent was in the 
hands of the editor before he left the office and that he had been sent 
simply to find out if he could perform that duty. During the time 
that he was not on his way to Ballard or engaged in performing some 
similar service, he was being instructed by W. M. Sheffield in police 
reporting and other departments of reportorial work. The first big 
story to which he was assigned was a murder case known as the Nord- 
strom case, which was heard in 1895 and which was carried to the 
supreme court of the United States, where it was defended by James 
Hamilton Lewis, now United States senator from Illinois. The 
murder was committed at the top of Cedar mountain and Mr. Bax- 
ter left Seattle late in the evening to go to the scene in order to get 
the details for his paper. In company with Dr. George M. Horton, 
who was then coroner, and Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Caldwell, 
he drove in a lumber wagon after dark up the dangerous mountain 
road. It was between one and two o'clock in the morning when they 
returned to the little railroad station and Mr. Baxter routed the agent 
out of bed to send liis message to the paper for the morning publica- 
tion. After the agent had sent part of the message his wrist gave 
out and, as the reporter had had some experience when a lad in teleg- 
raphy, he continued the message. Speaking of this occasion, how- 
ever, he said : "If men could be arrested for their thoughts those on 
the Seattle end of the line would be serving a life's term if all they 
thought of the man who was playing that machine at the other end 
could be brought up against them." 

Gradually Mr. Baxter was advanced and all who know aught of 
the Post-Intelligencer are familiar with his writings. Those who 
read between the lines of this review may get the story of his faith- 
fulness, fidelity, resolute purpose and determination, for it was by 
hard work that he won his advancement, proving his worth in his serv- 
ice. He is today one of the well known newspaper men of the Pacific 
coast, and, moreover, he is a stockholder in the Union Savings & Trust 
Company Bank of Seattle, in the National Bank of Commerce at St. 
Louis and the Metropolitan National Bank of Washington, D. C. 
He is likewise a stockholder in the Canadian Bank of Commerce at 
Seattle and in the Bank of Nova Scotia. 

Mr. Baxter was united in marriage to Lora Scott, a native of Big 
Rapids, Michigan, but reared in Washington, her father being George 

Portus Waiter 277 

Washington Scott, who came to Seattle in the early '80s. Mrs. 
Baxter was educated in the public schools of this city and in the Uni- 
versity of Washington. Mr. Baxter belongs to the Elks Lodge, No. 
92, of Seattle, to the Press Club and to the Seattle Athletic Club and 
usually gives his political allegiance to the republican party but feels 
that he is not bound by party ties and often follows an independent 
course. He and his wife are well known in the social circles of the 
city and occupy an attractive winter home at No. 1611 Fifteenth 
avenue, while they have a summer home at beautiful Three Tree Point. 

iilllil l lll l lll l ll ll lll llll l llll lll l lllllllllllllllll l l l lllli 


jEVERAL years before the great rush of gold seekers 
to the Pacific coast in 1849, following the gold dis- 
coveries in California the preceding year, Joseph 
Borst made his way to the west in 1845. He was 
born in Schoharie county, New York, in 1821, but 
from 184.5 until his demise was identified with the 
golden west. After a brief time spent in Washington he went to 
California, but in 1849 again came to this state, settling in Lewis 
county, where he took up a homestead claim, also preempted more 
land until he was the owner of more than six hundred acres. He 
always maintained his residence in Lewis county until called to his 
final rest in 1885, but was very actively engaged in the livestock busi- 
ness in Seattle and at other points along the western coast. He like- 
wise sold a great deal of stock in Victoria, British Columbia. He 
raised large numbers of cattle east of the mountains and had extensive 
land holdings in that part of the state. His business aifairs were* 
most systematically, wisely and successfully conducted and he became 
known as one of the foremost cattle dealers of this section. He sold 
a large number of cattle to local meat dealers and also bought for 
local men, and the extent and importance of his business aflfairs 
brought him a wide acquaintance in Seattle. He was always ready 
to give his aid and his influence on the side of the city's upbuilding 
and of the advancement of the state and his cooperation was counted 
as a valued factor in promoting the public good. 

Mr. Borst was imited in marriage to Miss Mary A. Roundtree 
in 1854, and they became the parents of four children, Eva Estella, 
Ada, Harbin David and Allen Turner, the two latter both residents 
of California. The eldest daughter married S. S. McElfresh and 
resides in Lewis county. The daughter Ada became the wife of John 
C. Blackwell in 1891, but he was an eastern man and did not like the 
west, so they spent much of their time in the east, although Mrs. 
Blackwell has always maintained a home in Washington. After her 
husband's death she returned to this state and took up her residence 
in Seattle, where she has since lived. She is widely known socially 
here and has an extensive circle of warm friends. She is a member 
of the Congregational church and of the Leschi Improvement Club 

282 3[ogepi) IBotst 

and the Woman's Century Club, and it is to her that we are indebted 
for the material concerning her honored father. Her mother still 
maintains a home on the old homestead but spends most of her time in 
California, where she has extensive holdings. 

In his political views Mr. Borst was a democrat and kept well 
informed on the questions and issues of the day, but the honors and 
emoluments of office had no attraction for him. He deserves men- 
tion in this history as one of the pioneer settlers of the west, having 
arrived here at a time when the Pacific coast country was cut off from 
the east by the long stretches of prairie and of the desert and the moun- 
tain ranges, all of which made travel almost impossible before the 
building of the railroads. He knew California before it entered into 
the wild period of excitement that followed the discovery of gold 
there and he was identified with the development of Washington 
from a period when the most farsighted would never have dreamed 
that there would spring up within its borders several great metropoli- 
tan centers and that it would take the lead in various productions 
among the great states of the Union. 

Jf rank OTiUiam g^jjiUegtab 

retary and assistant treasurer of the Denny-Renton 
Clay & Coal Company of Seattle, was born in Chi- 
cago, Illinois, on the 31st of October, 1865, a son of 
Ole and Regina (Petersen) Sliillestad. He was 
ten years of age when he left his native city and 
became a resident of Seattle on the 3d of July, 1875, Here he 
attended the public schools and ultimately was graduated from the 
Seattle high school with the class of June, 1881, while in 1888 he 
completed a course in the Seattle Business College. 

Early in his business career Mr. Shillestad was actively engaged 
as a stenographer and bookkeeper. He served as bookkeeper in the 
undertaking establishment of Ole Shillestad from 1882 until 1886 
and was afterward stenographer for the firm of Jacobs & Jenner from 
1890 until 1893 and later acted as bookkeeper and stenographer for 
the Sackman-Phillips Investment Company from 1893 until 1895. 
During the four succeeding years he filled the position of bookkeeper 
with R. Marchant, a commission merchant, and has also been with 
E. M. Gordon, a commission merchant. From 1899 until the present 
time he has been with the Denny Clay Company and its successor, 
the Denny-Renton Clay & Coal Company, acting first as auditor, 
while for the past three years he has been assistant secretary and 
assistant treasurer. He has thus advanced step by step along progres- 
sive business lines and his present position is one of responsibility. 

On the 21st of November, 1900, in Ballard, Washington, Mr. 
Shillestad was united in marriage to Miss Lillian May Draper, a 
daughter of the Rev. Elisha Draper, and to them have been born two 
children, Frank William and June Lillian. 

Mr. and Mrs. Shillestad are members of Trinity Methodist Epis- 
copal church and he also holds membership with the Amphion Society, 
the Municipal League, the Seattle Credit Men's Association, the 
Commercial Club and the Rotary Club — connections which show 
the breadth and nature of his interests and activities. He is also a 
member of the Pioneer Association of Seattle. In politics he is a 
republican but is independent in his support of candidates, seeking 
ever to put the best man in office. The history of Seattle is largely 

286 jFcank milliam ^^iUestap 

familiar to him, for at the time of his arrival here it was a village of 
about twelve hundred inhabitants. He has therefore watched its 
growth to its present population and has seen it become one of the 
most thriving and progressive cities of the northwest with a splendid 
outlook for the future. 



Migtjert iHoeUer 

IIGBERT MOELLER has been prominently con- 

W,,^,i nected with the industrial growth of Seattle and is 
W) recognized as one of the men of wealth of the city. 
^ He has done much important work along lines of 
public improvement and has been especially active 
in securing the development of the south end of the 
city and the improvement of the Duwamish river. A native of Hes- 
sen, Germany, he was born in the village of Silges, where his parents, 
Adam Joseph and Josephine ( Wilhelm) Moeller, continued to reside 
until called by death. The region in which he was bom and where 
his boyhood was passed is the section of country in which St. Boni- 
face, the Apostle to the Germans, labored centuries ago and the 
prayer-book which he was holding in his hands when struck down by 
the saber of a heathen is still exhibited in the town of Fulda, as is one 
of the first prayer-books ever printed. The first forty-two syllable 
Bible was printed in that district of Germany. 

Mr. Moeller acquired his early education in the common schools 
of Silges, and after joining his brother in Nebraska City, Nebraska, 
in March, 1868, attended the country school near that place for a 
short time. He was later a student in Talbot Hall, an Episcopalian 
school, near Nebraska City. In 1870 he went to Jefferson county, 
Nebraska, which at that time was but sparsely settled. There was 
still the ever-present danger of Indian raids and in the previous year 
thirty-seven settlers had met death at the hands of the hostile red 
men. Game such as buffalo and antelopes abounded and conditions 
were in general those of the western frontier. While Uving near 
Nebraska City Mr. Moeller was employed in a small sawmill owned 
by his uncle, but on removing to southwestern Nebraska turned his 
attention to farming. The grasshoppers devastated the country for 
three years in succession, and in 1875 he decided to try his fortune in 
a more favorable locality and went to San Francisco, California. He 
remained for two and a half months near Redwood but not finding 
that section to his liking he went to Portland, Oregon, arriving there 
in October, 1875. He farmed near McMinnviUe, that state, for a 
year but in November, 1876, came to the Puget Sound country. He 
landed at New Tacoma, which then consisted of but fourteen houses, 

290 UiiQiitu Qgoellet 

while the country around was still wild as but little clearing had been 
done. He only remained one night in that settlement and the next 
day came to Seattle on the steamer Messenger (one of the finest boats 
of that time), which took three hours to make the trip to Seattle. 
At that time saloons and dance halls were much in evidence in the 
small town which bore the name of Seattle and Mr. Moeller decided 
not to remain. From Seattle he went partly on foot and partly by 
narrow gauge railroad to Lake Union when there was nothing but 
woods to be seen in that district. Even then, however, there were 
many canoes and sailboats of all kinds on the Sound, which presaged 
the great shipping interests of Seattle today. He returned to Ta- 
coma and there learned of some German families hving near Puyal- 
lup. He walked to that settlement, finding there a few houses, one 
store and the Meeker log house, in which was located the postoffice. 
From Puyallup he walked to the present site of McMillan and after 
staying all night with a settler went as directed to another settler, 
who pointed out to him some vacant government land one and a half 
miles southwest of Puyallup. Mr. Moeller concluded to locate there 
and returned to Olympia, going the entire distance on foot, and 
entered eighty acres of land as a homestead. He purchased an 
adjoining eighty acres from the Northern Pacific Railroad; subse- 
quently entered eighty acres more from the government and bought 
another eighty acre tract from the railroad company. He also took 
a timber claim. When he first settled upon his land his only means 
of reaching civilization was bj^ an Indian trail that led to the prairie, 
three miles distant. He soon began to cut a good wagon road to the 
prairie but the timber was so heavy that this task occupied a whole 
winter. The following winter a road was cut through to Puyallup 
and later Mr. Moeller organized a road district and a school district. 
The county aided in opening up the district and in making roads. 
Mr. Moeller erected a schoolhouse, having built a portable sawmill 
upon his land. In 1878, while living in the timber, he and the other 
settlers of the locality were furnished arms by the federal govern- 
ment as it was feared that a hostile tribe of Yakima Indians east of 
the mountains would make a raid upon them, but there was no attack. 
Mr. Moeller failed to find a market for the limiber manufactured by 
his mill and tiring of ranching, he decided to change his location. 
Accordingly he removed his mill to Bay View, in the vicinity of Ana- 
cortes, Skagit county, and was the first man to erect a steam sawmill 
in that county. This was in 1885 and two years later he started a 
logging camp on Guemes island. The following year he manufac- 
tured a large number of piles but was unable to market them until 

a^igtiect Qjocller 291 

June, 1889, when the big fii-e in Seattle created a heavy demand for 
lumber of all kinds. A few days after the fire Mr. Moeller came to 
Seattle and soon disposed of his piles, which were used at the foot of 
Wasliington street, where the HefFernan Engine Works are now 
located. About this time he moved his sawmill to Wooley Junction 
and manufactured the first lumber at that point. He shipped many 
of the ties used in the construction of the old Seattle, Lake Shore & 
Eastern Railroad, the Anacortes Northern and the Great Northern 
from Momit Vernon to Fairhaven. In 1891 he sold out and returned 
to Tacoma, there engaging in the hay and gi-ain business for a year. 
Later he erected a mill at Silverton, on the Everett & Monte Cristo 
Railroad. There again Mr. Moeller was a pioneer as his mill was the 
first one erected in that district. During the panic of 1893 practi- 
cally all mining operations were suspended and he lost almost all 
that he had accumulated during the previous years. He moved the 
machinery to Everett and remained there for one and one-half years 
although there was very little to be done in the sawmill business. 
However, he was not idle as he aided in various movements seeking 
the advancement of that locality. Among other things he labored 
effectively to secm-e the removal of the county seat from Snohomish 
to Everett, which change has proved beneficial to the coimty at large. 
When Mr. Moeller located permanentl)^ in Seattle in the fall of 
1895 he was in very limited financial circumstances but he had great 
faith in the future of the city and of the country and persevered even 
though at first his efforts seemed to bring but little return. He began 
buying and selling all kinds of second-hand machinery, his first loca- 
tion being in the basement of the Starr-Boyd block, for which he paid 
a rental of fifteen dollars per month. A year or so later, as the owners 
of that property wished to raise his rent, he looked for other quarters 
and secured rooms at the corner of Weller street and Occidental ave- 
nue, where he got more space for ten dollars per month than he had 
previously received for fifteen. His business increased rapidly and 
in order to meet the demands he soon had to install a machine shop 
and dm'ing the Klondike boom his trade grew so fast that it was nec- 
essary for him to seek a new site for his business. In 1899 he pur- 
chased property in Seattle and continued to engage in the machinery 
business until 1901, when he sold his machinery to the Starr Machin- 
ery Company and his shop to the Marine Iron Works. In 1902, 
following his return from a trip to Europe, he built a sawmill near 
Issaquah, King county. In 1903 he sold that propertj^ and also his 
timber holdings to the Robinson Manufacturing Company of Everett. 
He erected what is now known as the Elliott Bay sawmill, which he 

292 miQfittt Qgoeller 

sold to the Oregon-Washington Railroad Company in 1906. He also 
put up the first building on Spokane avenue and East Waterway. 

About 1899 Mr. Moeller joined the Seattle Manufacturing Asso- 
ciation and at once became a working member of that body. Fore- 
seeing the time when Seattle would need a manufacturing district 
which would provide facilities for connecting steamboat lines and 
railroads and which would likewise afford sites for homes for the 
working men near their business, he started the first movement for 
the improvement of the Duwamish river. His clearness of vision has 
been more than justified and it is evident that the district along the 
river is to be one of the most important sections of the city along indus- 
trial and commercial lines. In 1904 Mr. Moeller removed to Youngs- 
town, buying his present home site, and soon afterward he organized 
all of the south end improvement clubs into one federated club with 
the object of working together in securing needed improvements for 
that district. In the fall of 1906 he went to Washington, D. C, to 
represent the Seattle Manufacturing Association at the National 
Rivers and Harbors Congress and was honored by that body by being 
made first vice president for the state of Washington. While in the 
national capital he sought to secure government aid for the Duwamish 
river improvement project and takes just pride in the fact that the 
greater part of the work completed along that line is due directly to 
his untiring labors. He is still fighting aggressively for the develop- 
ment of manufacturing and commercial interests in the south end and 
on the tide lands and is certain that in the next few years much more 
will have been achieved than has been done up to the present. 

In addition to the associations already mentioned Mr. Moeller 
belongs to several improvement clubs, the Commercial Club and the 
Municipal League. He is a man of imusual energy and fearlessness 
and these qualities, combined with his naturally sound judgment and 
his long business experience, fit him preeminently for his work in 
securing public improvements and commercial progress. Seattle has 
gained much because he has had the vision to see the lines along which 
the industrial development of the city vdll proceed and the public 
spirit and enterprise to direct that development for the general good. 


Captain Jameg CatroU 

)APTAIN JAMES CARROLL had no small part in 
developing commerce in northern Pacific waters, 
especially in Alaska, and for forty-five years was 
closely identified with shipping interests on the coast. 
He commanded the first large steamer to enter Alas- 
kan waters and there was no phase of the shipping 
industry of this section of the country with which he was not thor- 
oughly acquainted. He became also a representative of commercial 
activity in Alaska and his efforts were ever of far-reaching and bene- 
ficial effect. A native of Ireland, he was born November 1, 1840, but 
when only six months old was brought to the United States by his 
father, Lawrence Carroll, who established the family home in Ken- 
dall county, lUinois, where he spent his remaining days, his death 
there occui'ring when he had reached the age of seventy years. 

The youthful experiences of the farm boy were those of Captain 
James Carroll to the age of sixteen years, after which he went to Chi- 
cago, where he took up the life of a sailor. He spent two years on 
the Great Lakes and then went to New York, after which he sailed 
the high seas. He became connected with the merchant marine serv- 
ice in trips made largely to Japan and China and was in the latter 
country during the Chinese war of 1861. Later Captain Carroll went 
to California and thence sailed to the Sandwich and South Sea islands 
and later into Atlantic waters, visiting many Evu'opean ports. In 
1863 he received his first promotion and afterward filled all of the 
higher offices in the service and visited almost every foreign land. In 
1865 he once more reached San Francisco and for many years was on 
Pacific waters. In the early days he was connected with the National 
Steamsliip Companj^ and in 1866 he was the second officer on the brig, 
Swallow, which had as a passenger, Mr. Burlingame, envoy to China, 
whose mission was to effect a treaty with that country. He com- 
manded the Colorado on the China run and was master of other ves- 
sels for the same company. Later he commanded the Pelican, the 
Great Republic, the California, afterward known as the Eureka, the 
Idaho, the Ancon and a large fleet. In 1878 Captain Carroll became 
an employe in the Alaska service, sailing from Portland and Seattle 

296 Captain 3lameg Carroll 

and carrying the fii'st tourists to that country. This was at a period 
antedating the development of mining interests in Alaska. He after- 
ward became connected with E. C. Hughes, N. A. Fuller and George 
E. Piltz in equipping the two vessels, Juneau and Harris, and made 
a trip to Alaska in the fall of 1880. It was in the early '80s that he 
took the California, the fii-st large steamer to enter Alaskan waters, 
to Sitka and Wrangell and for years he continued in the Alaska 
service. For a quarter of a century he was with the Pacific Coast 
Steamship Company and every new vessel buUt and launched by the 
company was intrusted to his care. While running to Alaska he made 
the acquaintance of many prominent and wealthy men from the east 
and in 1891 appeared before congress, representing a syndicate of 
moneyed men, with an offer of fourteen million dollars to buy Alaska. 
He was convinced of the injustice done by congress in withholding 
reasonable laws from the territory and he was most earnest in his 
endeavor to cooperate with the capitalists in their effort to make the 
purchase of the country. He was the first master of the Queen, a 
well known vessel, and was the first to take her through the Wran- 
gell Narrows. 

On the 4th of January, 1898, Captain Carroll abandoned seafar- 
ing life and afterward became agent for the Alaska Commercial 
Company, for the Rodman mines and for the Northern Lakes & 
Rivers Navigation Company and also became a general merchant 
and outfitter in Alaska. Several j^ears later he returned to the 
Pacific Coast Company to command the new steamer, Spokane, but 
retired again about 1906 and later was prominently identified with 
business interests in Seattle. He was a representative of the Rod- 
man mines located on Baranof island, where the company operated 
a sixty stamp mill and seven miles of railroad. He was also inter- 
ested in the Alaska Commercial Company, owning three ships run- 
ning from Seattle to Alaska, and they also owned nearly all of the 
boats on the lower Yukon with the exception of those belonging to 
the North American Lading & Transportation Company, The 
same company owned and conducted nearly all of the larger stores 
on the Yukon. Captain Carroll removed his outfitting business from 
Seattle to Skagway, where he operated extensively as a grocery mer- 
chant, carrying a stock amounting to twelve thousand dollars, while 
at Nome, Alaska, his outfitting business was capitalized at fifteen 
thousand dollars. 

At San Francisco, California, Captain Carroll was married to 
Miss Dorothy Bowington, and of their children only one survives, 
John, now agent of the Grand Tnmk at Seattle. Mrs. Carroll 

Captain 3[ames Carroll 


passed away in 1900 and at San Francisco in 1903 Captain Carroll 
wedded Elizabeth A. Reid, a native of Victoria, British Columbia. 

Captain Carroll was largely independent in politics. He was 
prominent in Masonic circles, holding membership in Port Townsend 
Lodge, No. 6, F. & A. M.; Victoria Chapter, No. 120, R. A. M.; 
California Commandery, No. 1, K. T.; and Lawson Consistory, No. 
1, S. P. R. S. He was also long identified with the Knights of 
Pythias, the Odd Fellows and the Elks and he belonged to the Mas- 
ter Marines Association and to the Masters and Pilots Association 
of San Francisco. He was the first delegate from Alaska to con- 
gress and he did much to influence and promote the welfare of that 
country. Of him it has been written: "In the history of the Pacific 
coast shipping his superior as a shipmaster has not been known, while 
few men have been his equal." He passed away May 17, 1912, at 


Sarrp Matsion 

)T is doubtful if any Seattle citizen ever passed from 
this life who left behind more warm personal friends 
or whose death was more sincerely regretted than 
that of Harry Watson. He possessed those sterling 
qualities of manhood which in every land and clime 
awaken confidence and respect and his death occa- 
sioned loss both to business circles and to the social community. He 
became a resident of Seattle in 1891 and for a considerable period was 
a partner in the Bonney- Watson Company, funeral directors. He 
died November 1, 1915, at the age of forty-four years. He was born 
in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, February 6, 1871, and his identi- 
tication with the western country dated from 1890, when he became a 
resident of California. A year later he removed to Seattle and in 
1892 entered the employ of Bonney & Stewart, undertakers, with 
whom he remained for two years and then accepted the position of 
superintendent of the Lakeview cemetery. In 1897, when his former 
employer, George M. Stewart, was appointed postmaster of Seattle 
and Mr. Bonney was absent in Mexico, Mr. Watson was made man- 
ager of their business and in 1903 their interests were incorporated 
under the name of the Bonney-Watson Company, Mr. Watson having 
become a partner in the enterprise. The firm ranked first among those 
engaged in this line of business. They developed a large establish- 
ment, carrying all that was finest in the line of undertaking goods, and 
their faithfulness and reliability brought to them a constantly growing 
patronage. Mr. Watson could truly be called a self-made man, for the 
success which he achieved was attributable entirely to his own labors, 
his business integrity and his commendable determination and am- 
bition. In 1904 Mr. Watson was united in marriage with Miss 
Meldrum Potter, a native of San Francisco, California, and a daugh- 
ter of Charles and Alice Potter. The father is deceased but the 
mother resides with her widowed daughter in Seattle. Mr. Watson 
had one child, Hugh Watson, a son by a former marriage. 

In Masonry Mr. Watson occupied a prominent position, holding 

membership in St. John's Lodge, No. 9, F. & A. M. ; Seattle Com- 

mandery. No. 2, K. T.; and Nile Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. His 

life was an expression of the beneficent spirit upon which the Masonic 


302 ^attg matson 

order rests. He was also a devoted mesiiiber of Seattle Lodge, No. 92, 
B. P. O. E., and he became a life member of the new Chamber of 
Commerce and also of the Cormnerical Club. His interest in those 
organizations was deep and sincere, for he recognized their purpose 
of furthering the welfare of the city along all those lines which 
work for material development, improvement and civic righteousness. 
When death called Mr. Watson, the Argus said: "It is doubtful if 
there is a man in Seattle who has as many warm personal friends as 
were numbered by Mr. Watson. His charities were luiusually large 
and the world is better for his having lived." Mr. Watson was al- 
ways considerate of the feelings of others, kindly in purpose, generous 
and manly in deed. He believed in and appreciated the good in 
those with whom he came in contact and he had the faculty of drawing 
out the best that was in those with whom he was associated. He held 
to high ideals himself, and such was the force of his character that 
others delighted to be associated with him in all that he undertook 
for the benefit of the individual and the community. 

"He leaves behind a patriot's name to after times. 
Linked with a thousand virtues and no crimes." ' 

Cljarleg P, PuggeU 

^HARLES B. BUSSELL is a capitalist of Seattle, 
with offices at 410 American Bank building. His 
investments are largely represented by fruit lands, 
real estate and canneries and are the visible evidence 
of a life of well directed energy and keen business 
sagacity. He was born in New York city, January 
8, 1864, a son of Francis F. Bussell, whose father came from Corn- 
wall, England, early in the nineteenth century. Francis F. Bussell 
was born in New York city, in 1827, and devoted many years of his 
life to the lumber business. He married Virginia Alwaise, who traces 
her ancestry in America back to 1640 through English and Dutch 
lineage, one of the early representatives of the family being the 
famous Anneke Jans. Following Charles B. Bussell's removal to 
Seattle his parents also came here. Francis B. Bussell died while on 
a visit to New York in 1888, and is survived by his widow, who still 
lives in this city. 

Charles B. Bussell attended the schools of the American metrop- 
olis, graduating from No. 60 grammar school when he was sixteen 
years of age. He afterward spent a year as a student in the College 
of the City of New York but because of his father's illness was obliged 
to discontinue the course in order to assist in the care of his father's 
business interests. He gained comprehensive knowledge of the lum- 
ber and shipping business in its practical phases and actual conditions, 
learned of the water front aspects, the best methods of receiving car- 
goes and of supervising shipnients. All this knowledge and experi- 
ence proved of great service and benefit to him when he entered the 
business field of Seattle. He arrived in this city on the 5th of May, 
1884, and his first position was that of cashier, bookkeeper and store- 
keeper for the Snoqualmie Hop Growers' Association on its King 
county ranch. In the spring of 1886 he entered into partnership with 
R. M. Hopkins of the Seattle Soap Company and a year later pur- 
chased Mr. Hopkins' interest in the business; but the great compe- 
tition of eastern firms and the low prices which prevailed forced 
him to sell out and he lost his entire capital. 

Discouragement has no part in the make-up of Mr. Bussell and, 
undeterred by his losses, he set to work to gain again a firm footing 

306 C&arles 15, 1gug0ell 

in the business world. In 1889 he embarked in the real estate business 
and, owing to his foresight and his intimate and accurate knowledge 
of the value of water front lands, he has won brilliant success, acquir- 
ing an immense fortune. In 1890 he first made purchase of tide 
lands and has continually kept on purchasing such property until he 
is now one of the largest individual holders of that class of land in 
Seattle. He continued to buy tide lands against the advice of almost 
ever5'one, who felt that the invesliment would be lost, but after five 
years these lands began to increase in value and in 1906, when railroad 
terminals were in demand, he sold within a short space of time tide 
lands to the value of over one million five hundred thousand dollars. 
His judgment thus found its justification and those who once criticised 
his course were forced to congratulate him. His operations in real 
estate have been very extensive through a period of more than a 
quarter of a century but he is now connected with only two companies, 
the Bussell Land Company and the Weber-Bussell Canning Com- 
pany, which were organized by him and of both of which he is the 
president. The land company has owned valuable tracts of fruit lands 
and the latter company owned and operated a large number of can- 
neries at Sumner, North Yakima, Washington, two in Freewater and 
in Newberg, Oregon. Recently, however, Mr. Bussell has been dis- 
posing of his canneries and confines his attention mostly to handling 
real estate. 

In 1885 Mr. Bussell was united in marriage in the city of Mexico 
to Miss Elizabeth V. Adam, daughter of Francis Adam, and they 
have one son, Wallace A., who was born in Seattle, April 19, 1886. 
Mr. Bussell was married in 1914 to Miss Emma Louise Korthals. 
Mr. Bussell has been a witness of Seattle's growth and development 
from the days of villagehood and has contributed to the results that 
have made it a city of metropolitan proportions, advantages and op- 
portunities. He has met conditions which would have utterly dis- 
couraged many a man of less resolute spirit, but in his vocabulary 
there is no such word as fail. He has ever recognized the fact that 
each day and hour has its opportunity and that effort intelligently 
put forth piust ultimately win its reward. In Seattle he took ad- 
vantage of opportunities which others passed heedlessly by. He 
noted the indications of growth and the signs of the times, laid his 
plans accordingly and in the fullness of time has reaped the rewards 
of sound judgment, of indefatigable industry and of judicious in- 


Cbtoarb JBrabp 

)DWARD BRADY, a prominent attorney of Seattle, 

E'? was born at Rio, Columbia county, Wisconsin, May 
^ 10, 1859, and was one of a family of seven children. 
2m His parents, John and Rosa (Nugent) Brady, were 
born near the town of BallydufF in County Cavan, 
Ireland. The father came to America in 1833, and 
the mother a few years later. His father, John Brady, served as a 
soldier of the Mexican war and after returning from that conflict 
removed with his family to Wisconsin in 1848, settling on a farm 
about a mUe fro^ the village of Rio. He and his wife were very 
desirous that all of their children should be well educated and made 
many personal sacrifices to that end. 

Edward Brady spent his early life upon the farm and attended 
the village school. In the fall of 1875, at the age of sixteen, he 
entered the University of Wisconsin and graduated from that in- 
stitution in the classical department in 1881. He was able to attend 
the university and complete his course by reason of financial assist- 
ance given to him by one of his older brothers, John Brady, to whom 
he always feels grateful and whom he considers his greatest bene- 
factor. For seven years following his graduation he devoted his time 
to teaching and to the study of law and during that period he availed 
himself of the opportunitj^ of broadening his education and laying 
the foundation for higher scholarship. In 1888 he came to Seattle and 
located here in the practice of law. During the twenty-seven years 
in this city his business has been in the nature of a general law practice. 
He and his associates have transacted a large volume of legal busi- 
ness covering cases of nearly all kinds and descriptions. His first 
association in the law business was with Henry C. Schaefer, a friend 
of his, a young graduate of the Wisconsin State University. Mr. 
Schaefer unfortunately had an attack of typhoid fever and died in 
the sunvner of 1893. 

On the 6th of Jvme, 1894, the anniversary of the Seattle fire, 
Edward Brady and Wilson R. Gay formed a law partnership under 
the firm name of Brady & Gay and had offices in the Roxwell building, 
on First avenue and Columbia street, occupying practically the entire 
front part of the second floor of that building. Upon the completion 

310 (gPtoatP "Brapp 

of the Alaska building, the first constructed of Seattle's new and 
modern office buildings, they moved into it. The partnership of 
Brady & Gay continued for about twelve years and was one of the 
best known law firms in the state. In 1908, Edward Brady formed 
a law partnership with George H. Rummens, under the firm name 
of Brady & Rim^mens, with offices in the Alaska building, where 
they now conduct their business, having the confidence of the entire 
communitj^ for faithfulness and efficiency in their professional work. 
Mr. Brady has always taken great interest in the growth and 
development of Seattle. Immediately upon his arrival in Seattle 
he and Charles M. Morris, a friend of his from his native town, Rio, 
Wisconsin, purchased a tract of land, then a forest, on the ridge 
overlooking Lake Washington, which they cleared, improved and 
platted into lots under the name of Prospect Terrace Addition. 
Many nice homes are now located in this addition. They afterward 
purchased a tract of land on the ridge north of Lake Union which 
they cleared, improved and platted in the addition known as Edge- 
water's Second Addition. Upon the revival of the city's growth in 
1902, Edward Brady, in association with Dr. A. P. Mitten, one of 
Seattle's prominent citizens, now deceased, built the Summit building 
on the first hill at the corner of Madison street and Minor avenue, 
which for a long time was one of the best faonily hotels in the city. 
They later disposed of this property. At the time of the erection 
of this building it was considered a very great advancement in the 
way of aff'ording high-class living accommodations for the public. 
In 1909, in association with J. H. Raymond, a contractor and builder 
of this city, he built the Monmouth apartments, a large brick building 
covering the entire block fronting on Yesler Way from Twentieth 
avenue to Twenty-fijst avenue; they also built the Raymond apart- 
ments, a fine four-story brick building on First avenue and Warren 
avenue ; both of these apartment houses are among the best in the city 
and the company composed of Edward Brady and J. H. Raymond 
still own them. Edward Brady owns a number of pieces of good 
real estate in the city of Seattle, and a number of fine tracts lying 
north of the city. His investments and enterprises have not been 
confined entirely to Seattle. In 1902, in association with his brother, 
James Brady, he formed a corporation known as the Brady Shingle 
Company which for over ten years operated a mill at Edmonds, 
Washington, which was one of the leading industries of that town. 
At the death of his brother in 1912, he disposed of this property. In 
1902, in association with A. H. Ruelle, a prominent lumberman of 
this city, he invested in a shingle and timber business and purchased 

(gPtoacD ^capg 311 

a large tract of land and timber north of Lake Washington, around 
and about Summit Lake in King county, which a few years after- 
ward they sold to the Campbell Limiber Company, reserving to them- 
selves the eighty acres of land, upon which is situated the beautiful 
little lake, and through which the new brick road from Seattle is now 
projected to be built. In his investments that requu-ed personal atten- 
tion he has always endeavored to associate himself with a faithful, 
competent man to manage carefully the details and in this way he 
avoided diverting his attention from his profession. His enterprises 
have been quite uniformly successful. 

In 1897 he made a location on some coal lands at Issaquah, King 
county, and afterward acquired title to the property from the United 
States goverimient. This property was held for a number of years 
by the law firm of Brady & Gay and recently has been disposed of 
to the Issaquah & Superior Coal Company and forms one of its 
most valuable holdings. The success of this venture in the location 
of coal lands has led him to invest in other coal lands and at the 
present time he owns a large tract of coal land adjoining the New- 
castle coal mine in King county. He owns a number of small tracts 
of timber in western Washington, and a number of large tracts of 
irrigable lands in eastern Washington. 

In 1903, at Monmouth, Illinois, he married Miss Leota Douglas, 
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Douglas, both natives of Illinois, 
being each the representative of a prominent pioneer family of that 
state. Her grandfather, Samuel Douglas, served with honor and 
distinction as an officer in the Eighty-third Illinois Cavalry Regi- 
ment during the Civil war. Her mother's maiden name was Louisa 
RejTiolds, and her father, Samuel Reynolds, was one of the first 
settlers in Knox county, Illinois, where he and his wife lived to a 
ripe old age and were honored and beloved by all. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brady have two children: Edward Douglas Brady, a boy of ten 
years ; and Anna Louise Brady, a little girl of six years. They have 
their comfortable and hospitable home in the beautiful Capitol Hill 
district at the northeast corner of Thirteenth avenue North and 
Aloha street. Mrs. Brady takes great interest in her home and in 
her children. They lead a quiet home life and are kind and generous 
to all they meet without the least pretension of any kind. It may be 
truly said of them that success and wealth have not spoiled them 
but on the contrary have enabled them to be kinder, more sympathetic 
and more useful to their fellowman. 

It would be difficult to classify Mr. Brady in his political affilia- 
tions. He belongs to that large and independent element that be- 


(CDtoatD 'BtaDp 

lieves that each new question is to be solved by itself independent of 
any party organization. In social organizations he is a life member 
of the Seattle Athletic Club, a life member of the Arctic Club and a 
member of the Commercial Club. In the fraternal orders he is a 
member of the Elks, Ancient Order of United Workmen, Woodmen 
of the World and Knights of the Maccabees. 

Qiy'i en. ^. 

OTiUarb C, ftatutljorne 

(ILLARD C. HAWTHORNE is a well known pio- 

W.^^ neer of the northwest, taking up his permanent abode 
^ in Seattle in the fall of 1865. He is a native of 
m) ]\Iaine, his birth having occurred at Woolwich, Au- 
gust 28, 1840. At the time of the Civil war he 
responded to the country's call for troops, enlisting 
in defense of the Union cause as a member of the Twenty-eighth 
Maine Volunteer Regiment, with which he participated in a number 
of hotly contested engagements. After the war he made his way to 
the northwest, settling near Seattle, and there engaged in the milling 
business. He was a carpenter by trade but following his removal to 
the Sound country became engaged in the manufacture of lumber. 
In late years he has not engaged in any active business but has directed 
his business investments and has spent his days in the enjoyment of 
the fruits of his former toil. 

On the 17th of August, 1876, in Seattle, Mr. Hawthorne was 
united in marriage at Trinity church, by the Rev. Bonnell, to Mrs. 
Mary A. (Jones) Phelps, a daughter of Hiram and Mary M. 
(Thompson) Jones, both of whom were natives of Maine. The 
father, who was born in Bangor, died in the Pine Tree state in 1864. 
Mrs. Hawthorne has witnessed practically all the growth and develop- 
ment of this city and can relate many an interesting tale concerning 
its transformation from a village into the present modern metropolis. 
She was first married to Edward F. Phelps, who was born in Oneida 
countj^ New York, in 1833, a son of Sidney S. Phelps, a native of 
Connecticut, who was married in New York to Miss Shew. They 
afterward became residents of Wisconsin, where Mr. Phelps followed 
the occupation of farming. His son, Edward F. Phelps, was one of 
the family of seven children and in his early boyhood accompanied 
his parents to Wisconsin, pursuing his education in the schools at 
Stevens Point. He took up the study of law under the direction of a 
well known judge of that state and was admitted to the bar in Wis- 
consin. Removing to the west, he practiced his profession in Mon- 
tana and also served as a member of the legislature there from 1863 
until 1866. He was married in Montana, in 1867, to Mary A. Jones 
and in 1870 they removed to Seattle, where the death of Mr. Phelps 


mniaxti C ^atoti)orne 

occurred in June of that year. To him and his wife was born a 
daughter, Lilhan M. He was a man of many splendid traits of 
character. He held membership in the Masonic fraternity, gave 
his political allegiance to the republican party and was a consistent 
and faithfvil member of Trinity church. Some time following the 
death of her first husband Mrs. Phelps became the wife of Willard 
C. Hawthorne, by whom she has two children, namely: Clara A., 
who gave her hand in marriage to Philip M. O'Malley; and Charles 
Edgar, a resident of Seattle. Mr. and Mrs. Hawthorne are highly 
esteemed residents of Seattle, where both have lived from an early 
day. Mr. Hawthorne is a Baptist in religious faith. He has always 
been a loyal advocate of Seattle and her best interests and has ever 
had great faith in the city and its future. 

^elben ^. jFluljatt 

)ELDEN S. FLUHART, a mining engineer, inter- 
ested in various copper and gold mining properties 
and reduction plants, displays the spirit of enterprise 
that never fears to venture where favoring oppor- 
tunity leads the way and with his expanding powers 
has taken on larger business responsibilities and 
duties, winning for himself a place among the representative business 
men of his city. Aside from his other interests he is actively engaged 
in the exploration and development of the oil fields of Washington 
and the northwest. 

Mr. Fluhart was born in Kirksville, Missouri, March 18, 1876, a 
son of Charles E. Fluhart, who died in Woodland, Cahfornia, in 
1887. He practically devoted his life to the music business and at 
the time of his death was with the firm of Kohler & Chase, of San 
Francisco, manufacturers of musical instruments. He was a grad- 
uate of the State Normal School at Kirksville, Missouri, the founder 
of which institution was his brother-in-law, Professor Baldwin, whose 
wife, Mrs. Sophronia BaldAvin, was a sister of Mr. Fluhart. Pro- 
fessor Baldwin was one of the first men in the United States to estab- 
lish the system of state normal schools and all others have patterned 
after his school and system. 

Charles E. Fluhart was a man of wide acquaintance, prominent 
and popular, and his musical talent gave him high standing among 
lovers of the art. He married Frances Shahan, a daughter of James 
Shahan. She was left an orphan during her infancy and was reared 
by a Mr. Ford in Illinois, whose name she afterward bore. She be- 
came the wife of Mr. Fluhart in Kirksville, Missouri, and is now a 
resident of Seattle. In 1890 she was married again, becoming the 
wife of Charles G. Thrasher, of Seattle, a thorough and experienced 
mining man. Mr. Thrasher was the original discoverer of the great 
Le Roy mine, and from him Selden S. Fluhart has received much 
knowledge of a practical nature concerning mines and mining opera- 
tions. By her first marriage Mrs. Thrasher became the mother of 
three sons, William H., Selden S. and Bert E., and one daughter, 
Gracie, and by her second marriage, of one son, James K. The 
daughter died in infancy; the four sons are now residents of Seattle. 

320 %elDcn ^» jFIuftart 

Selden S, Fluhart attended the public schools of Redding and 
San Francisco, California, and at EUensburg, Washington, to the 
age of twelve years, the fajmily having removed from California to 
EUensburg in 1887. There he continued his studies for a time but 
afterward became a pupil in the schools of Everett, Washington, 
where he completed his course in 1892. His first business position 
was with the Everett Shingle Mill Company and during the five 
years that he remained with that firm he acquainted himself with 
every phase of the business from filing of the saws to the manage- 
ment of the plant. In 1897 he removed to Ballard, Washington, and 
took up the study of mining engineering, which he has mastered with 
a thoroughness that has characterized his activities in every relation. 

In 1899 Mr. Fluhart made his first trip as mining engineer, being 
engaged in the inspection and location of mines in Washington. In 
1900 he became actively engaged in mining and now has extensive min- 
ing proj)erties in Oregon, Washington and Alaska. He was one of the 
organizers of the United Oil & Land Company, which was incorpo- 
rated in 1912 and of which he is president. He is also a prominent 
stockholder in other business properties, including the California 
Lakeview Oil Company and the United Copper Company. 

He was associated with his brothers, Charles G. Thrasher and 
James B. Adair in prospecting for oil in Washington and made the 
first organized efforts in the state in this direction. Their well was 
the first to produce oil in the state, as shown by government reports. 
Their discovery started the people of Washington not only to reflect 
upon the subject but to begin active prospect work for oil, followed 
by a general movement throughout the western part of the state. 

In their prospecting Selden S. Fluhart and Charles G. Thrasher 
discovered on the Skagit river, Skagit county, Washington, what is 
now known as the greatest deposit of talc in the United States. They 
were joined by the former's brothers and began developing their mine 
under the naone of the Washington Talc Company. There are now 
over three million tons of the material available and it is an excep- 
tionally fine product. Talc is used not only as face powder but for 
other toilet and medicinal articles and in the manufacture of the 
finer grades of stationery. 

In April, 1911, Mr. Fluhart was married to Miss Myrtez S. Banks, 
a native of Monroe, Wisconsin, and a daughter of George E. Banks, 
proprietor of Banks Pharmacy of Seattle. To them have been born 
two sons: Selden B., Jr., whose natal day was March 18, 1914; and 
Charles, born January 20, 1916. By a former marriage Mr. Fluhart 
has two children, Roland C. and Doratha. 

%eI0en ^. iFIuiiatt 


In politics Mr. Fluhart is independent, voting according to the 
dictates of his judgment without regard to party ties. He was a 
charter member of the Arctic Club ; was secretary of the Washington 
State Mining Association for three years; is a member of the Com- 
mercial Club and the Order of the Golden West; and in a large 
measure is interested in the welfare and upbuilding of his community. 
In his early manhood he aided in the support of his widowed mother, 
and he has made his own way in the world, winning success through 
his industry and perseverance. 

Eotiert Crnesit ?|af)n 

)T the period which witnessed the arrival of Robert 

A.„4 Ernest Hahn in the northwest the most farsighted 
j3< could not have di-eamed of the prominence and pros- 
\") perity Seattle would attain. For many years there- 
after he was actively engaged in the painting and 
decorating business, having one of the pioneer estab- 
lishments of this kind in the city. A native of Germany, he was born 
in Saxony, March 13, 1841, and on emigrating to America when 
sixteen years of age made his way to Chicago. He had previously 
acquainted himself with the trade of weaving but after reaching 
Chicago there learned the business of painting and paper hanging. 
He spent two years in that city and then made his way westward to 
California, attracted by the gold mining interests of that state. He 
came to Washington in 1868 and located at the corner of First avenue 
and Pike street, this city. There he established himself in business 
as a painter and decorator and continued in business for a mmiber of 
years. He afterward settled upon a farm at Newsack, Washington, 
where he resided until 1902, when he returned to Seattle and erected 
a fine residence on Beacon Hill, after which he lived retired, enjoying 
in well earned rest the fruits of his former toil. Such was his condi- 
tion that he was enabled to enjoy all of the comforts and many of the 
luxuries of life ajmid most pleasant surroundings. One is reminded 
of the words of the poet : 

"How blest is he 
Who crowns in shades like these 
A youth of labor 
With an age of ease." 

Mr. Hahn was married in Newsack on the 22d of December, 1891, 
to Miss Amelia Schneider, who was born in Bristol, Rhode Island, and 
came to Washington in 1890. Five children were born to this mar- 
riage: Ernest, now living in Vancouver, British Columbia; Flora, 
August, Helen and Elsie, all at home. The family still own the 
property at First and Pike streets, which Mr. Hahn held for thirty 
years. As time passed on he owned considerable property in Seattle, 


iSo&ett ggrncgt i^ain 

making additional purchases as opportunity offered, for he had great 
faith in the future of the city and believed that it would grow rapidly 
— a belief that found justification with the passing of time. Mr. 
Hahn had attained the age of seventy-four years when death called 
him and for almost forty-three years had lived in Seattle, so that 
every phase of the city's development and growth was familiar to 
him. He was well known not only to the German- American residents 
but to many others in Seattle and wherever known his sterling worth 
gained him high regard. 


3fubse OTilsion 3^iltv #a|> 

;iLSON RILEY GAY, formerly judge of the su- 
perior court for King countj% retired from the bench 
in 1912 to enter upon the private practice of law, to 
which he is now devoting his energies. He had been 
for four years actively connected with the judiciary 
and his record for just and equitable decisions based 
upon a comprehensive knowledge of the law is unassailable. His 
decisions indicated strong mentality, careful analysis and an unbiased 
judgment. He possesses that broad-mindedness which not only com- 
prehends the details of a situation quickly but which insures a com- 
plete self-control under even the inost exasperating conditions. He 
is now accorded a large and distinctively representative clientage, for 
he is one of the foremost lawyers of the northwest and he is also 
equally well known as a public speaker. 

Judge Gay was born January 10, 1959, on a farm on French 
creek, in the extreme eastern part of Erie county, Pennsylvania, 
near Mill Village. He acquired a common-school education, supple- 
mented by study in the Edinboro State Normal School of Edinboro, 
Pennsylvania, and as a young man he took up the profession of 
teaching in Erie county, being thus engaged for a year. At the age 
of eighteen he severed home ties in the east and removed to Maryville, 
Nodaway county, Missouri, where he taught school for a year and 
studied law in the office and under the direction of Judge Scribner 
R. Beech, being admitted to the bar in November, 1879, when twenty 
years of age. He lived in Missouri, much of the time in Rock Port, 
Atchison county, until the fall of 1888. 

It was at that time that Judge Gay re!moved to the northwest, 
settling first at Portland, Oregon, where he lived for a year, engaged 
in the real estate business as a temporary makeshift. In the fall of 
1889 he removed to Port Angeles, where he resided and engaged in 
the practice of law until 1893. During all that period he was United 
States circuit court commissioner and the principal officer before 
whom settlers proved title to lots on that government townsite. In 
1893 he came to Seattle to engage in the practice of law, forming a 
partnership with Edward Brady, under the firm name of Brady & 
Gay. Here a liberal clientage of an important character was ac- 

330 3IuOgg Wilson Rileg <gag 

corded him and his abihty brought him prominently to the front. 
In 1897 he was appointed United States attorney for the district of 
Washington, which then comprised the entire state, and in that posi- 
tion he remained until July, 1902. In the fall of 1909 he was elected 
judge of the superior court for King county, which position he held 
until May, 1912, when he resigned to re-enter practice. Judge Gay 
is a stockholder and one of the directors of the Post-Intelligencer 
Publishing Company and has other important financial and property 
interests, but he regards the practice of law as his real life work. He 
has in an eminent degree that rare ability of saying in a convincing 
way the right thing at the right time. His mind is analytical, logical 
and inductive. With a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the 
fundamental principles of law he combines a familiarity with statutory 
law and a sober, clear judgment which makes him not only a formid- 
able adversary in legal combat but gave him the distinction, while on 
the bench, of having few of his decisions revised or reversed. He is 
a well known writer on legal subjects and his articles on automobile 
law are now being published in the Post-Intelligencer. 

Judge Gay was married in 1890 to Miss Lillian B. Rudd and 
they have a daughter. Hazel, now the wife of Rollin R. Humber, of 
Deer Lodge, Montana. Judge Gaj^ is a member of various secret 
societies and is also popular in club circles. He is a republican, active 
in the party, and since the admission of Washington to statehood he 
has been a delegate to all coimty and state conventions. His services 
are always in demand as a public speaker and his addresses are listened 
to with interest and are characterized by the strictest logic. Always 
courteous and pleasant, he represents the type of "old school" chivalry 
and courtesy, having the faculty of placing anyone at ease in his 
presence, so that it is a pleasure to meet and converse with him. 
The circle of his friends is almost coextensive with the circle of his 

^^^. c^^^.^^^ 

Captain laiiUiam Cftaloner tIDaltjot 

jHE romantic tales of Europe, covering the period of 
knighthood and chivalry, are not more interesting and 
thrilling than the story of the conquest of the west, 
the development of its natural resources and the 
utilization of its opportunities by brave men who 
have faced the loneliness of isolation and performed 
the strenuous task of subduing the wilderness and who have been 
forced to be constantly alert lest Indian attack should deprive them 
and their loved ones of life. It required strong purpose, indefati- 
gable energy and a wonderful dream of the future to bring men from 
the comforts of the older civilization of the east to found and pro- 
mote a great western empire. To this class belonged Captain William 
Chaloner Talbot, who was one of the pioneers in the development 
of the lumber industry in the Sound country, and the influence 
of his work in those pioneer times and of his extensive operations in 
later years cannot be overestimated. 

Of the old Pine Tree state of the Atlantic coast he was a native, 
his birth having occurred in East Machias, Maine, on the 28th of 
February, 1816. He came of a family which in its direct and col- 
lateral lines has been distinctively American through many genera- 
tions. The founder of the family in the new world was Peter Talbot, 
who came from Lancashire, England, and settled at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, at an early period in the colonization of America. 
His son, George Talbot, who lived at Scarborough and at Stoughton, 
Massachusetts, was the father of Peter Talbot, of Stoughton, and 
the grandfather of Peter Talbot, who, born in Stoughton, became a 
resident of Maine. In the latter state occurred the birth of Peter 
Talbot, who married Eliza Chaloner and thus became the father 
of William Chaloner Talbot. 

Under the parental roof the last named spent his boyhood days. 
His father was a lumbei-lnan and the son was therefore, as it were, 
"to the manner born." His early business experiences were in the 
line of the lumber trade in connection with his father's business and 
when he was still under twenty-one years of age built and com- 
manded a brig, which was used in connection with the West India 
and European trade. Several years had been spent in that way 
when the gold discoveries in California attracted him and as com- 

334 Captain muiium Cftaloner Calliot 

mander of the Oriental he sailed around Cape Horn to San Fran- 
cisco, where he arrived in 1850. The rapid growth of the city and 
marvelous development of California, into which state flocked thou- 
sands and thousands of gold seekers, led to a great demand for 
heavy timber and all kinds of lumber, and Captain Talbot's previous 
experience in the lumber trade led hfm to re-enter that field of busi- 
ness and he turned to the Puget Sound country as the most available 
source of supply. Perfecting his arrangements to engage in the 
lumber trade, he returned to the east, purchased the necessary ma- 
chinery, which he shipped around the Horn, and then by way of 
the Isthmus route again went to San Francisco. From the Golden 
Gate he sailed up the coast to the Sound, commanding the little 
schooner Julius Pringle, a fifty-ton craft, aboard which were several 
of his business associates and employes. Business was to be con- 
ducted imder the name of William C. Talbot & Company, Captain 
Talbot's business associates being A. J. Pope, of San Francisco, 
and Charles Foster and Captain J. P. Keller, of East Machias, 
Maine, Among the passengers was also Cyrus Walker, who a few 
years later became manager of the business and so continued for 
half a century. The party brought with them lumber, tools and 
supplies necessary for beginning the proposed enterprise. They first 
cast anchor in Port Discovery Bay and thence made explorations 
around the Lower Sound, going as far south as Commencement 
Bay. They returned to Port Discovery, thinking to establish their 
mill there, but found settlers had already taken up the land, after 
which they returned to Port Gamble, where they had already touched. 
It was the site of a little Indian village called Teekalet, by which 
name it was known for some years thereafter. They cut down trees 
to be converted into lumber, using the great trunks as the main 
supports of the mill. Work was instituted at once and when in 
September the boiler and other mill machinery arrived, having been 
shipped from the Atlantic coast, the mill was at once put in opera- 
tion. There was a good market for the product and it was foimd 
necessary soon to increase the original capacity of three thousand 
feet of lumber per day. In fact the business grew steadily and 
after a few years miUs were established at Utsaladdy and Port Lud- 
low. The business proved a profitable undertaking from the be- 
ginning and was conducted under the firm style of W. C. Talbot 
& Company for a time and later under the name of Pope & Talbot 
until 1874, when the Washington interests were incorporated under 
the name of the Puget Mill Company, with Pope & Talbot as the 
San Francisco agents. Cyrus Walker acquired an interest in 1863 

Captain satlUam Cijalonct CaI6ot 335 

and continued to manage the mill and the purchase of timber. One 
of the important elements of Captain Talbot's success was his ability 
to recognize much of what the future had in store for this great and 
growing western country and he garnered in the fullness of time the 
results of his faith and judgment. 

While a resident of New England, Captain Talbot was imited in 
marriage to Miss Sophia Gleason Foster, a daughter of General 
Foster, of Maine, and at his death, which occurred in Astoria, Ore- 
gon, August 6, 1881, he was survived by the widow, two sons and 
three daughters. More than a third of a centm-y has come and gone 
since Captain Talbot was called from life's activities and his memory 
is yet honored by all who knew him and history wiU ever record the 
important part which he played in shaping the development of the 
northwest. One of the historians of the Puget Sound country has 
said: "This trio of noble pioneers, Pope, Talbot and Keller, being 
now dead, I may with propriety speak of their high character for 
business integrity and enterprise. They belonged to that class of 
men who do not idly wait for something to tm-n up, but were full of 
energy and push, and not only helped themselves, but were ever ready 
to extend a helping hand to the needy and unfortunate." Another 
historian, writing of Captain Talbot, said: "His activities and 
achievements are to be regarded as of the first importance in the cre- 
ation and development of the representative industry of the Puget 
Soimd, which afforded the foundations for all its subsequent progress. 
Personally he was known and universally esteemed for the highest 
traits of character, integrity and fidelity in all his relations being 
especially marked qualities." Time gives the perspective which places 
everything in its true relation and time has served to heighten the 
labors, the achievements and the character of Captain Talbot, for in 
the light of history his deeds are measured at their true value. He 
stood in the front rank of the columns which have advanced the civil- 
ization of Washington, have led the way to its substantial develop- 
ment, progress and upbuilding. 


'WAN LEWIS, deceased, was a well known hotel 
proprietor of Seattle, having come to this city in 
1878 from Portland, where he had previously been 
connected with the hotel business. He was born in 
Sweden in 1862 but was brought to America when 
only five years of age. His father, Nels Lewis, 
removing to the northwest, was engaged in the hotel business but died 
when his son Swan was seventeen years of age. His wife bore the 
maiden name of Nellie Allison. 

Swan Lewis was reared to the hotel business and became his 
father's successor. For some time he was proprietor of the St. 
Charles Hotel, afterward conducted the Central Hotel and stiU later 
the New Western Hotel, devoting his entire life to that business. 
He was a popular host, studying closely the wishes of his patrons 
and putting forth every effort to satisfy those who were his guests. 
He buUt the New Western Hotel and residence property and during 
his connection with Seattle bought and sold much real estate, making 
judicious and profitable investments. 

In 1889 Mr. Lewis was united in marriage to Miss Hannah John- 
son, who was born in Sweden and in 1884 came to the northwest with 
her father, John Johnson, who engaged for a time in farming in 
Pierce county, Washington, but is now living in Oregon. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lewis have two living children, Laron and Madina, both of 
whom are residents of Seattle. Tillie died at the age of twelve years. 
In his fraternal relations Mr. Lewis was a Mason, always active 
in the order and he belonged also to the Knights of Pythias and the 
Woodmen of the World. He also held office in the Swedish Society 
but belonged to no other clubs. In politics he was a democrat from 
the time that age conferred upon him the right of franchise and 
though he was an active and earnest supporter of the principles of 
the party he never sought nor desired office, preferring to concentrate 
his energies upon his business affairs. He was, however, a public- 
spirited citizen and manifested many sterling traits of character as 
was indicated by the goodwill, confidence and high regard entertained 
for him, when in 1908 he passed away at the age of forty-six years. 
His memory is yet enshrined in the hearts of those who knew him, 
for he was a devoted friend and a loving husband and father. 

Ctiomas; ^. Jones; 

iHOMAS A. JONES, who figured in business circles 
in Seattle in connection with contracting and also as 
a representative of agrictoltural interests in this part 
of the state, passed away in October, 1895, leaving 
to his family a goodly inheritance. He had won 
substantial success in business by well directed 
energy and effort and as the years went on added to his income until 
he was the possessor of a very substantial competence. He was a 
native of New Jersey and in the middle period of his life was one of 
the prominent citizens of Fairbury, Illinois, where he was extensively 
engaged in farming, coal mining and in merchandising. He there 
carried on business until 1883, when he disposed of his interests in 
Illinois and came to Seattle. He purchased three tracts of land near 
the city and at once engaged in farming and also in the contracting 
business in connection with his son, Thomas E., under the firm style 
of T. A. Jones & Son. They developed a business of large and grat- 
ifying proportions, receiving many important contracts, and Mr. 
Jones was thus actively engaged to the time of his death, which 
occurred in October, 1895. 

It was in the year 1846 that Mr. Jones was united in marriage to 
Miss Minerva Dai*nall, a native of Kentucky. She was a lady of 
remarkable force of character and ability and was numbered among 
the highly esteemed pioneer women of this section of the state. She 
was born in Boone county, Kentucky, August 31, 1828, and was 
two years of age when her parents removed to Livingston county, 
Illinois, being among the pioneer residents of that district. Her 
father, M. V. Darnall, was among the organizers of Livingston 
county and its townships and held manj^ positions of honor and trust 
there. Following her marriage Mrs. Jones became a most able assist- 
ant to her husband, her sound judgment and valuable advice proving 
an important element in his growing success. After his death she 
gave personal supervision to the farm north of Green Lake, which 
she and her husband had hewed out of the forest and brought to a 
high state of cultivation. She always took great pride and satisfac- 
tion in that place and continued active in its management until the 
last five years of her life. During her later years she lived with her 


Ci>oma0 a. 31ones 

son, T. E. Jones, and her daughter, Mrs. Fuller, both of Seattle, 
and passed away at the home of her daughter on the 11th of Novem- 
ber, 1902, at the age of seventy-four years, two months and nine days. 
She was survived by four children: Mrs. Rachel Fuller, Mrs. Olive 
De Wolfe and T. E. Jones, all of Seattle; and Mrs. Iva Kendrick, 
of San Francisco. Both Mr. and Mrs. Jones were widely and favor- 
ably known and during the twelve years of his residence in Seattle 
he became well established in business circles and enjoyed the confi- 
dence, respect and goodwill of colleagues and contemporaries. 

6{/zZ^a^-i^^ ^^^at.c^^ /^di^^^.?-^^ ^ ^<>\ 

OTiUiam ^bamg ^lasigoto, M* ®. 

known homeopathic practitioner of Seattle, early 
displayed the elemental strength of his character 
inasmuch as he secured the funds that made possible 
his college and university training. The same per- 
sistency of purpose has figured throughout his later 
life and has enabled him to overcome many obstacles and difficulties 
in his path. He was born in Ontario, Canada, November 11, 1879, 
being the eldest in a family of four children, whose parents were 
George and Susan (Bingham) Glasgow. The father is now a retired 
farmer living in Spokane and through the years of his active business 
career conducted his interests most successfully. His wife, a native 
of Canada, also lives in Spokane. 

Reared in Ontario, Dr. Glasgow attended the grammar schools 
and the high school there and later prepared for his profession in the 
Dunham Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated 
in 1901. He entered upon professional activities as assistant to Dr. 
Howard Crutcher, chief surgeon of the Chicago & Alton Railroad, 
with headquarters in Chicago, and was associated with him in the 
railway service for several years. For some time he practiced in Mon- 
tana but in the fall of 1905 came to Seattle, where he has since been 
in continuous practice. While in Montana he was a member of the 
state board of homeopathic examiners. He belongs to the Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society of Washington, the Seattle Homeopathic 
Medical Society and the American Institute of Homeopathy and his 
study and reading have gained him a wide knowledge of the scien- 
tific principles that underlie professional work in the treatment of 

At Camden, New Jersey, on the 6th of October, 1902, Dr. Glas- 
gow was married to Miss Maud Ironside, a daughter of John Iron- 
side, a native of Ontario, Canada, and they now have one child. Beryl 
Dee, who was bom in Seattle in 1908. 

The parents are members of the First Presbyterian church and 

Dr. Glasgow holds membership in the Masonic fraternity, being now 

connected with Seattle Commandery of the Knights Templar and 

with the Mystic Shrine. He votes with the republican party on 


miiliam anams (glaggoto, a^, D. 

national questions and issues but casts an independent local ballot, 
supporting the candidate who in his judgment is best qualified to dis- 
charge the duties of the office, regardless of party affiliation. His 
life has been quietly and uneventfully passed, characterized by the 
faithful performance of duty, and he performs all professional 
duties with a sense of conscientious obligation that makes his eff'orts 
of the utmost worth to his patients. 


JHartin J. ftenefian , 

JARTIN J. HENEHAN is successfully engaged in 

M.^.j business in Seattle as a manufacturer of railway 
W) supplies, having in this connection built up an ex- 
^ tensive trade. His birth occui-red on the 8th of 
May, 1857, his parents being Michael and Sara 
(McNally) Henehan. He is descended from the 
O H-Aonachain's princes of Tyrawly, whose posterity have con- 
tributed materially to Irish history, many being prominent in church 
affairs and several being numbered among the bishops, archbishops 
and cardinals. 

Martin J. Henehan acquired his early education in the national 
and Franciscan schools of Ireland and subsequently pursued a course 
of study in the University of Notre Dame at Notre Dame, Indiana. 
He later became a traveling salesman for iron and steel and thus spent 
several years in the middle, eastern and New England states. Prior 
to embarking in business on his own account he likewise acted as 
manager of iron and steel departments in New York city and Port- 
land, Oregon. He is now well known in Seattle as the organizer, 
president and sole owner of The Seattle Frog & Switch Co., a 
manufacturer of railway supplies and satisfies a big demand for 
crossings, frogs, switches, manganese steel track specialties, which 
is the highest class of material in this line, track tools and equipment. 
It might be said that it would be impossible to travel anjTvhere in 
Seattle or out of the city in any direction without passing over his 
work. Mr. Henehan also serves as director of the German American 
Mercantile Bank and is widely recognized as a prosperous, enterpris- 
ing and representative business man of the city. 

On the 3d of November, 1891, in Galveston, Texas, Mr. Hene- 
han was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary Alice Gormly, a daughter 
of John and Elizabeth (Cuffe) Gormly. Her father is a descendant 
of one of the leaders in the Irish rebellion and a man who was 
identified with national affairs in Ireland. Our subject and his 
wife have the following children: Bess, who is the wife of R. M. 
Evans; Martina; Vincent; Ulic; and Kevin. 

Mr. Henehan exercises his right of franchise in support of the 
men and measures of the republican party, believing firmly in its 

aiattin 31. l^enejjan 

principles. He is a member of the Arctic Club, the Rotary Club, 
the National Geographic Society, the Lincoln Ulniversity Endow- 
ment Association and the Catholic Social Betterment League. A 
man of exceptional executive talent, of great activity and energy 
and with ability to make and keep friends, his name is inseparably 
associated with business and social life as one of the valued citizens 
of Seattle. 

^Kreb Erisitofersion 

^s?^MONG those who contributed to the business develop- 

Aflji ment of Seattle but whose life's labors are now 
W^ ended was Alfred Kristoferson, who developed from 
\s I a small beginning the most extensive dairy enter- 
prise of the city. He was a native of Glanshammar, 
Sweden, born December 30, 1857, and his life record 
was closed March 18, 1914. He attended the schools of Sweden 
and on crossing the Atlantic to America made his way to Momence, 
Illinois, when twenty-four years of age. In 1890 he came to Seattle 
but first engaged in the dry-goods business at Mount Vernon for 
a short time. He next turned his attention to general farming near 
Stanwood, devoting about five years of his life to that pursuit. 
Later he took up his abode in the vicinity of Seattle and established 
a dairy business, beginning on a small scale. Gradually he increased 
his interests and from the outset he made it his purpose to supply 
his patrons with pure milk cared for according to the most sanitary 
methods. When he started out he made personal visits to his cus- 
tomers, supplying milk day by day, but the gradual increase in his 
patronage made his enterprise in time the largest in the city. More- 
over, the methods which he followed set the standard for other 
dairymen, who were forced to adopt his plans if they would compete 
with him in the business. His plant was established at its present 
location in 1910 and he was always willing to have the closest inspec- 
tion of the plant, knowing that it would serve not as a detriment 
but would act rather as an advertisement, for none could fail to be 
pleased with the orderly, systematic manner in which business was 
conducted and the thorough care which was manifest in every de- 

In Illinois, in 1886, Mr. Kristoferson was married to Miss Alberta 
Clarke, and they became parents of four children: Alfred, August, 
Charlotte and Sten. The religious faith of the family is that of 
the Christian Science church. Mr. Kristoferson belonged to the 
Chamber of Commerce and the Commercial Club and also to the 
Swedish Business Men's Club. He was a very public-spirited citi- 
zen, optimistic in all things, and had great faith in the city and its 


aifreD l^tistofcr0on 

future development. He worked along lines that contributed to its 
upbuilding and in his particular field of labor he established standards 
which are today accepted as the exponent of the most modern and 
scientific methods of handling dairy products. 



Cimotl)j> l^pan 

5IM0THY RYAN, who died February 10, 1916, 

TyA was a prominent contractor of Seattle, an extensive 
(w business making heavy demands upon his time and 
\5( energies. He was a native of County Limerick, 
Ireland, and a son of Malachy and Johanna (Ryan) 
Ryan, both of whom are now deceased. The father, 
who was a farmer and contractor and made a specialty of road 
building, died at the age of eighty-six years, while his wife passed 
away at the age of seventy-six. 

The son attended the national schools of Ireland and in 1873 came 
to America. In the early period of his residence on this continent 
he engaged in farming in California and in 1884 he came to Seattle, 
where he was afterward engaged in contracting. His patronage grew 
continually in volume and importance and after the fire he built the 
New England Hotel, the Crane Company's building, the Hambach 
building, the building of the Armour Packing Company, the boat 
shop at the navy yard for the United States and other buildings at 
the navy yard. He did considerable important road building and 
executed contracts for other public improvements. He built the 
first brick highway in the state between Tacoma and Kent, also paved 
Second avenue from Pike street to Yesler Way, completing that 
work about a year ago, and paved Sixth and Eighth avenues in the 
Westlake district. His contracts kept him extremely busy and he 
employed a large force of workmen. 

On the 27th of February, 1889, in Seattle, Mr. Ryan was united 
in marriage with Miss Catherine Gleeson, a daughter of Michael 
Gleeson, who was born in Ireland and came to Seattle twenty-seven 
years ago. To Mr. and Mrs. Ryan were born six children : Josephine, 
the wife of J. W. Pettinger, who was a full partner of Mr. Ryan in 
the contracting business; Nora Catherine, Frances Margaret and 
Alice Julia, at home; and James Timothy and Thomas George, who 
are students. 

The religious faith of the family is that of the Catholic church 

and Mr. Ryan held membership with the Knights of Columbus. 

He was also a member of the Woodmen of the World, the Ancient 

Order of United Workmen and the Benevolent Protective Order 


360 Cimotitg mym 

of Elks, and his political faith was that of the democratic party. 
He served as councihnan in 1893-4, was superintendent of streets 
in 1894 and was county commissioner in 1897, serving for a two 
years' term. He did very important work in the reconstruction of 
the city following the fire of 1889 and through that period was asso- 
ciated with Matt Bramigan in his extensive building operations. He 
continued as a leading contractor of the city until his death, enjoying 
a business of large and gratifying proportions. 


(RTHUR L. KEMPSTER, manager of the Seattle 

A.^ division of the Puget Sound Traction, Light & Power 
^ Company, was born in Canfield, Illinois, in 1872, a 
\9J son of Thomas L. and Martha M. (Hopkins) Kemp- 
ster, both of whom passed away in 1898. The father 
was a native of London, England, and the mother of 
Oswego, New York. Mr. Kempster was an architect by profession 
and became identified with building interests in the northwest on 
bringing his family to the coast in 1885. 

Arthur L. Kempster, who was then a lad of thirteen years, lived 
in British Columbia vmtil 1887 and at the age of fifteen years came to 
King county, Washington, where he has since resided. His educa- 
tion was acquired in the public schools of Chicago, Illinois, and of 
Victoria. In 1891 he entered the service of one of the early street car 
systems in the capacity of office boy and since that time has remained 
in active connection with transportation work. He was advanced 
to the position of cashier and later to bookkeeper. In 189.5 he was 
appointed auditor and secretary, acting in that dual capacity until 
1900. During that period the Seattle Consolidated Street Railway 
Company passed out of existence, being succeeded by the Seattle 
Traction Company, which afterward became a part of the Seattle 
Electric Company. Mr. Kempster remained with the new corpora- 
tion as superintendent of transportation until 1911, when he was 
advanced to the position of general superintendent. A year later he 
became manager and is now occupying that position of marked re- 
sponsibility and trust. His management includes supei-vision over 
the street railways, the hght and the power furnished by the company 
in Seattle and the water power plants at Electron, White River and 
Snoqualmie, the coal mine at Renton and also the Diamond Ice & 
Storage Company of Seattle. 

In 1903, at Seattle, Mr. Kempster was united in marriage to Miss 
Anna M. Church, a daughter of E. M. Church, a pioneer settler of 
King county, who is now living retired at his country home at Orcas 
Island, Mrs. Kempster was born at lola, Kansas, and by her mar- 
riage has become the mother of a daughter, Elizabeth Church. 



Both Mr. and Mrs. Kempster are prominently known in the social 
circles of the city. Mr. Kempster has membership with the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks and is well known in club circles, be- 
longing to the Rainier, the Earlington Golf, the Seattle Golf, the 
Seattle Yacht and the Arctic Clubs. He is also a member of the 
Commercial Club and of the Chamber of Commerce and is imbued 
with that public spirit which seeks the welfare and improvement of 
the city along civic lines. 

1Letois( Solomon l^toe 

[HEN Seattle was a small town Lewis Solomon Rowe 

W.-^ became identified with its business interests. At 
^ that time all trade interests centered around Front 
iW street and the most farsighted would scarcely have 
dreamed that the city would extend out upon and 
over the hills bordering the lake and that it would 
become a great metropolitan center, with its ramifying trade interests 
reaching not only to all sections of this country but to many foreign 
lands as well. For a number of years Mr. Rowe has engaged in no 
active business, for his former success was sufficient to enable him 
to live retired. He was born in Madison, Maine, August 31, 1831, 
and came of English and Scotch lineage, earlier representatives of 
the name having lived in New Hampshire. His father, Solomon 
Rowe, was born in that state and married Miss Betsey Richardson, 
of Maine, whose ancestors were represented in the Revolutionary 
war. Mr. and Mrs. Rowe became parents of ten children and the 
father provided for their support by carrying on general agricul- 
tural pursuits. He had large tracts of land which in time were 
operated by his sons, while he devoted his attention to the work of 
the ministry as a preacher of the Baptist denomination. His life 
and example were a permeating influence for good wherever he was 
known and wherever he went he gained many friends who deeply 
deplored his death when at the age of sixty years he passed away. 
His wife was sixty-seven years of age at the time of her demise. 

Lewis S. Rowe was the youngest of their ten children and at 
the age of fourteen years he put aside his textbooks and left the 
public schools in order to provide for his own support. After walk- 
ing a distance of fifty miles from his home to Bangor, Manie, he 
entered upon an apprenticeship to the carriage maker's trade under 
John Wingate, his pecuniary compensation being thirty dollars for 
the first year and sixty for the second. He did not complete his 
apprenticeship, however, for feeling that he was not receiving fair 
treatment, he left his employer and secured a situation in a locomotive 
factory, where he received a dollar and a half per day. Two years 
later he heard and heeded the call of the west, for he embarked on 
the Orizaba, an outward bound sailing vessel from New York, the 

368 Letojg Solomon Rotoe 

destination of which was San Francisco. He had gone aboard as a 
stowaway, intending to work his passage, and during the voyage 
he washed dishes. Immediately after arriving in San Francisco he 
engaged in blacking boots, for which he was sometimes paid a dollar, 
but he soon secured employment that offered better opportunities. 
He was ambitious and made good use of the advantages which came 
to him, so that he steadily worked his way upward. 

After returning to New Hampshire, in 1856, Mr. Rowe entered 
the emplojr of Abbott & Downing, carriage manufacturers, with 
whom he remained for five years but in April, 1861, he was again 
in California, having landed from the steamer. North Star, which 
sailed from New York. While en route a severe storm was encoun- 
tered and, losing its mast, the vessel was obliged to put into port 
for repairs. Mr. Rowe entered the employ of Kilbourne & Bent, 
who were conducting a carriage manufacturing business at the corner 
of Third and Market streets in San Francisco. His wage was 
originally five dollars per day but a little later he was given piece 
work and put in charge of the shop, so that his wages amounted to 
from sixty to seventy dollars per week. In 1862 he went to Honolulu 
to take charge of a carriage shop, but not liking the island, he returned 
to San Francisco after three months. StUl later he went to Topeka, 
Kansas, and a year afterward to Newton, Kansas, establishing the 
first store in that town, for which he hauled the lumber a distance of 
thirty miles. He built up an extensive business there and when the 
Santa Fe Railroad was built he shipped his goods by the carload. 
Conditions became such, however, that he desired no longer to live 
in Newton. Drunken Texas cowboys and railroad men, engaged in 
building the Santa Fe, were continually fighting and during Mr. 
Rowe's residence in Newton thirty-seven men and one woman were 
killed. Closing out his business, he removed to Pueblo, Colorado, 
where he remained for two years and then again went to California. 

In 1875 Mr. Rowe arrived in Seattle and opened a small store 
on Front avenue, at the foot of Cherry street, his stock of groceries 
having cost him two hundred and thirty dollars. Mr. Yesler erected 
a store building for him and for nine years he continued successfully 
in the grocery trade, winning a large patronage. When city realty 
sold at a very low figure he made investment in property and after 
an illness of two years, in which he was unable to do active work, 
he turned his attention to his real estate. There was a timber tract 
where the fine family residence now stands. He obtained five acres 
for four hundred dollars and this property at Denny Way and Sum- 
mit street is very valuable. On Front street he erected six stores, 

Lctan'0 Solomon Kotoe 369 

which returned to him a good rental, and he likewise engaged in the 
carriage business, having a large repository and selling many car- 
riages. He became a partner of Hon. C. P. Stone in this enterprise 
and success attended their efforts in large measure, for they pur- 
chased their carriages by the car lot. They controlled the output of 
several eastern factories and at length Mr. Rowe purchased his pai-t- 
ner's interest and remained in the business alone for several years 
but finally retired from that field. He otherwise contributed to the 
upbuilding of the city by erecting fifteen flats on Union street at a 
cost of over twenty thousand dollars. Mr. Rowe has lived to see 
a remarkable rise in property values, some of his holdings increasing 
in Morth a hundredfold. He laid out and platted the Veneta addition 
to Port Orchard and found a ready sale for the property and in 1893 
he went to the Colville reservation and located the Veneta gold mine, 
capitalized for seven hundred thousand dollars. His investments 
have been carefully placed. He seems to readily recognize not only 
present but futiu-e values and his business affairs have been so 
conducted that excellent results have attended his efforts, making 
him one of the prosperous residents of the northwest. 

In 1856 Mr. Rowe was united in marriage to Miss Cynthia 
Clifford and they had a daughter, Lizzie Ella, now the wife of C. F. 
Dean. For his second wife Mr. Rowe chose Miss Miranda F. Hum- 
mell, and Vena, the daughter of this marriage, has become the wife 
of Edwin Maxwell. Out of humble surroundings Mr. Rowe has 
risen to a position of prominence, entering into important and exten- 
sive business relations. In his business life he has been a persistent, 
resolute and energetic worker, possessing strong executive powers, 
keeping his hand steadily upon the helm of his business, and he has 
been strictly conscientious in his dealings with debtor and creditor 
alike. If a pen picture could accurately delineate his business char- 
acteristics, it might be given in these words : a progressive spirit ruled 
by more than ordinary intelligence and good judgment; a deep 
earnestness impelled and fostered by indomitable perseverance; a 
native justice expressing itself in correct principle and practice. 


Cfjarleg 1, ?|itil>arb 

iHARLES L. HIBBARD is interested in a number 
of important mining and commercial enterprises in 
Seattle and is recognized as a man of unusual energy, 
foresight and business acumen. In fact, his business 
qualifications are such as have won for him world 
leadership in his special lines. He deals in wool, 
hides and pelts, furs, ivory, whalebone and other foreign products, 
and also does wool pulling as a member of the Hibbard Stewart 
Company, and their trade radius is greater than that of any other 
Seattle house. 

Mr. Hibbard belongs to that class of men who have had the 
prescience to recognize the possibilities and opportunities of the great 
west and in utilizing the advantages offered on the coast has attained 
to his present notable and enviable position. He was born on the 
2d of March, 1861, in Davenport, Iowa, a son of Edwin and Mary 
Ann Hibbard, both of whom were natives of Sheffield, England, 
but in 1848 emigrated to America. They became residents of Daven- 
port, Iowa, where they lived for many j^ears, the father passing away 
in 1884, while the death of the mother occurred in 1886. 

Charles L. Hibbard received his general education in the schools 
of Davenport and after completing the high-school course there 
attended a business college in that city and also took a two years' 
law course. At the age of twenty he came to Seattle and in 1887 
here established the first wool-pulling plant in Washington. He was 
also the first person to divert furs and skins from Alaska to Seattle 
and operated sealing vessels, taking fur seal during the late '80s. 
About that time he also purchased several important business prop- 
erties in the city, believing firmly in the possibilities of development 
in Seattle, a faith which has been more than justified. In 1897 
he went to Alaska during the gold rush and was fairly successful. 
In 1885 he took advantage of the demand for food in Alaska and 
sent the first beef cattle to Dawson, which sold for as high as two 
dollars per pound. Since coming to Seattle he has been connected 
with its development along industrial and commercial lines and is 
now identified with a number of local enterprises of that character 
and also has important mining interests. He is today active in the 

374 Cftatleg £♦ I|)i6&at0 

management of gigantic business interests as a member of the Hib- 
bard Stewart Company, dealers in hides and wool. They buy and 
sell goods at nearly every port in the world. They are the largest 
buyers of walrus ivory in the world and they handle more fine furs 
than any other house on the face of the globe and merchandise and 
provisions to the amount of thousands of dollars annually are taken 
from Seattle and traded by them for furs in other countries. Mr. 
Hibbard is thoroughly acquainted with the markets of the world in 
the lines in which he deals and such has been the development of his 
business connections that the volume of his trade is now very large. 

In 1881, at Rock Island, Illinois, Mr. Hibbard was married to 
Delia R. Ballon, a daughter of Dr. Hirley Ballou. To this union 
has been born a son, Henry C, whose birth occurred in Seattle, Sep- 
tember 22, 1885, and who married Frances P. Joyce, of Ogden, Utah, 
a daughter of Dr. R. S. Joyce, a man of great ability, who is very 
prominent in his city. 

Mr. Hibbard was formerly a republican but recently has sup- 
ported the democratic party. He is a popular member of the Rainier 
and Arctic Clubs and of the Elks lodge. One element of his success 
has been his ability to recognize opportunities which others fail to 
see and the spirit of initiative, which has led him to take advantage 
of those opportunities and to do pioneer work in developing various 
industries in this region. His close attention to his business interests 
has not prevented him from taking part in various movements seeking 
the advancement of his commimity along moral and civic lines and 
those who have been brought into contact with him esteem him as a 
public-spirited citizen. 

lARSHALL W. PETERSON, of Seattle, who owns 

MKwj a fine fruit ranch in Okanogan county, was born 
W) at Columbia Falls, Maine, May 4, 1868, a son of 
^ Marshall and Margaret Peterson. The father was 
also a native of Columbia Falls, born in May, 1840, 
and following the acquirement of his education in 
the public schools there he engaged in shipbuilding until 1864, when 
he made his way to the Pacific coast by way of the Isthmus of Panama, 
with Portland, Oregon, as his destination. He then engaged in the 
contracting business for two years and while there took a trip to 
Idaho on a pack mule. Later he returned to Columbia Falls, Maine, 
by way of Nicaragua and engaged in the contracting business until 
1873. But the lure of the west was upon him and he once more 
made his way to Portland, where he continued in business as a con- 
tractor until his death in 1895. 

Marshall W. Peterson was a little lad of five summers at the time 
the family went to Portland in 1873, and there he enjoyed the educa- 
tional privileges offered by the public and high schools until the year 
1882, when he started out in the business world, entering the employ 
of McCraken & Mason, wholesale grocers, in the capacity of oflice 
boy. He was faithful and trustworthy and his good qualities won 
him promotion to the position of assistant bookkeeper, in which 
capacity he served until 1886. He then entered the employ of the 
Oregon Railway & Navigation Company as assistant secretary and 
treasurer and a year later he became connected with the banking 
firm of Ladd & Tilton, having charge of the railway interests of the 
bank. He was afterward employed in the different branches of 
the institution and when he severed his connection with the fu-m he 
was paying teller. It was in 1898 that he left Portland and came 
to Seattle as cashier and one of the directors of the Dexter Horton 
National Bank, which connection he retained imtil November 1, 
1915, when he resigned the position on account of ill health. He 
was a popular official, always courteous and obliging to the patrons 
of the bank and at the same time carefully safeguarding the interests 
of depositors. His efforts have extended into various other fields 

378 QgatsljaU m, petetgon 

and his activity and cooperation are a stimulating influence in the 
various concerns with which he is associated. He is now a director 
of the First National Bank of Port Townsend, and of the American 
Savings Bank & Trust Company of Seattle, is treasurer of the Wau- 
conda Investment Company, treasurer of the Kitsap Coimty Trans- 
portation Company and secretary of the Port Orchard Dock & 
Transportation Company. He is ever watchful of opportunities 
pointing to success and his ability has carried him into important 
relations. He owns a fruit ranch in Okanogan county, Washington, 
which is one of the show places of the state. In 1914 five thousand 
boxes of apples were gathered from thirty acres of six year old trees, 
"six years from the sagebrush to the fruit." 

His political allegiance is given to the republican party, while 
fraternally he is connected with the Masons, having taken the degrees 
of the Scottish Rite and the Mystic Shrine. In club circles he is 
prominent and popular, is a life member of the Arctic Club and 
belongs to the Rainier Club, the Seattle Athletic Club, the Union 
Club of Tacoma and the Multnomah Amateur Athletic Club of 
Portland, Oregon, of which he was secretary until his removal from 
that city in 1898. His life has been well spent in its various connec- 
tions and high regard is entertained for him by an ever increasing 
circle of friends and acquaintances. 


[N a history of Seattle it is imperative that mention be 
made of U. R. Niesz. He came here in pioneer times 
and following the conflagration of 1889 took a most 
active and helpful part in a readjustment and shap- 
ing of conditions which have led to the development 
of the city along modern lines with the opportunity 
to meet modern conditions and bring about the present development 
and improvement. He was born February 17, 1849, in Canton, Ohio. 
His father, William Niesz, also a native of Canton, died in the year 
1913, at the advanced age of ninety-one. He was a farmer living on 
the outskirts of Canton and was prominently identified with the in- 
terests of the community in which he lived. He served as school 
director for many years, giving stalwart support to the cause of edu- 
cation, and he also served as assessor of his district a number of terms. 
At the time of the Civil war he served as captain in the Home Guards. 
He was a representative of an old Permsylvania family, as was his 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Delilah Roush. She was born at 
Richville, Ohio, and passed away in 1853. 

U. R. Niesz acquired his early education in the school of hard 
work on his father's farm and in the public school, attending the old 
Niesz school, which was also known as Prairie College, for three or 
four months during the winter seasons. The farm consisted of one 
hundred and sixty acres, and as only about forty acres had been 
cleared and planted to crops when Mr. Niesz appeared upon the scene, 
it afforded ample opportunity for hard work from early morning until 
late at night, year in and year out, for when not working on crops, 
the order of the day was preparing more land for tillage. This thor- 
oughly closed the safety valve against any loss of time, as a moment 
wasted was forever gone and could not be recalled. 

At the age of fourteen years Mr. Niesz had completed the com- 
mon branches at school, including algebra and physical geography, 
and had read the entire school library at Prairie College. From that 
time on his winters as well as his summers were spent in clearing land, 
but during the evenings he devoted his time to reading the books of 
his father's library and other volumes that he could borrow. Arriving 
at young manhood and with a strong yearning for more useful knowl- 

382 B, E. BieS5 

edge, he entered Mount Union College at Mount Union, Ohio, and 
after a term's study there determined to work his way through college, 
taking an elective course. Pursuant to this end, he was willing to 
turn his hand to any honorable calling which would yield the means 
to enable him to continue his studies. In retrospect he can now see 
himself between that time and the time of his graduation, on the road 
with horse and buggy, going from town to town with a stencil outfit, 
cutting name plates and stamping key checks ; then by railroad on the 
same mission. Again he can see himself selling books and later estab- 
lishing agencies and drilling agents. He can also see himself selling 
nursery stock and for one season serving as superintendent of a nurs- 
ery near Hastings, Michigan. 

During this period Mr. Niesz also taught two terms of mixed 
schools, the first a six months' term near Genoa, Ohio, about midway 
between Canton and Massillon, in which he had one hundred and five 
pupils enrolled, with an average daily attendance of seventy-five. At 
the close of the six months the school board insisted he should continue 
the school for two months more, but he had made arrangements to be 
at Mount Union for the spring term at college. The school board 
then exacted the promise that in case he should teach the next wnter 
he would give their school the preference; but after pvu-suing the 
spring and summer terms at Mount Union and helping his father on 
the farm through harvest time, urgent request was made that he should 
attend the Northwestern Ohio Normal School, which later became the 
Ohio Northern University. Hence he notified the school board at 
Genoa that he would not accept a school for the coming winter, but 
fate intervened. He had taken a position against corporal punish- 
ment in schools, about which time an application was received at the 
normal school for a teacher who could handle a school near Kenton, 
Ohio, which had been broken up by tmruly members for three suc- 
cessive years. On a dare Mr. Niesz took the school and came out 
triumphant at the end of his four months' contract, saying that he 
had spent a most delightful four months with that school. He then 
returned to the normal for the spring term. Before he was graduated 
he also served for two years of ten months each as superintendent of 
the schools of Remington, Indiana, and one year at Kentland, In- 
diana, in which school George Ade, the noted humorist, was a pupil. 
During that period he blandly says he was known by the appellation 
of Professor Niesz. 

His coUege career was necessarily an intermittent one and was 
divided between two institutions of learning, but taking an elective 
course, he pursued such studies as appealed to him most for usefulness 

O, E. JI3ic$5 383 

in the future. He was partial to commercial and scientific studies, 
though in the languages he gave attention to Latin, German and 
French and as teacher carried a class in German through a two years' 
high-school course, at the end of which time he says they knew a great 
deal more about German than he did. Closely applying himself to his 
work, however, he had by 1876 graduated from both Mount Union 
College and the Ohio Northern University. While pursuing his col- 
lege course his travels took liim through some thirty-three of the states 
and territories of the Union and most of the provinces of Canada, 
during which he visited practically all of the large cities of both coun- 
tries, thus gaining much valuable information and experience. In the 
year of his graduation he took a trip of seven thousand miles, visiting 
the Centennial Exposition at Pliiladelphia and ending with a trip up 
the Hudson river and then around the Great Lakes to Chicago, whence 
he went to Sheldon, Illinois, in time to assist in conducting a Teachers' 
Normal Institute. He afterward became superintendent of the Shel- 
don schools for the ensuing year and at the end of the ten months' 
term conducted a six weeks' normal institute and lecture course at the 
Sheldon school, at which about one hmidred teachers were in attend- 
ance. Among the lecturers secured were the Illinois state superin- 
tendent of public instruction and other eminent educators. 

With but one week's vacation after the institute, Mr. Niesz com- 
menced another year of ten months as superintendent at Sheldon, but 
while he enjoyed the work, he had arranged to enter upon mercantile 
pursuits and when the year M^as about half over notified his school 
board in order that they might look for his successor. The board, 
however, persisted in reelecting him notwithstanding his fully matured 
plans to enter the field of merchandising. He still cherishes the recom- 
mendation they insisted on presenting him to show their goodwill in 
case he should again wish to enter school work. He still takes great 
delight in his experiences leading up to and during his college days 
and also in his former school and teachers' institute work, and is 
especially glad that he never faUed to help his father at harvest time 
after leaving the farm until he graduated save for the one year when 
he was a nurseryman in Michigan. The only school for which he ever 
apphed was his first one, as after that he was always solicited to accept 
schools. In taking the examination for a teacher's license at Kent- 
land, Indiana, answering questions prepared by the state board, he 
made one hvmdred per cent on every branch, which was the only 
teachers' certificate of that percentage that he has ever seen or heard of. 

In 1878 Mr. Niesz went to Denver, Colorado, and formed a part- 
nership with his uncle, B. F. Niesz, in the boot and shoe business 

384 d. K. mes^ 

under the firm name of Niesz & Company. Neither had any previous 
experience in mercantile hnes but commenced in a small way. Two 
years later they were shown a report which appeared in a commercial 
agency in Boston, reading about as follows: "Weak firm, in poor 
location. No experience in the business. Not likely to last more 
than six months." Yet within two years' time the largest boot and 
shoe establishment in Denver had failed, throwing a sixty thousand 
dollar stock of boots and shoes on the market at bankrupt sale, with 
Niesz & Company as its nearest competitor, and in three years this 
firm had built up the largest boot and shoe business in Denver. In 
September, 1882, U. R. Niesz, with a view to locating in the north- 
west, sold his interests in Denver, took a trip back to Canton, Ohio, 
and on the 19th of October, 1882, was married to Miss Ada Branner, 
daughter of John Branner, president of the Farmers Bank of Canton 
and a representative of an old Pennsylvania family of Holland Dutch 
descent. Mr. and Mrs. Niesz became the parents of five sons, two of 
whom have passed away, the others being: Paul B., twenty-three 
years of age, who was a law student in the University of Washington 
and is now associated with his father in the real-estate business ; Adrian 
Raynor, eighteen years of age, a senior in the high school of Seattle; 
and Penn Earl, a youth of fourteen years, a sophomore in the high 

Following his marriage Mr. Niesz with his wife visited relatives in 
Pennsylvania and after spending some weeks in the larger cities of 
the east, on the 20th of January took a steamer at New York for the 
territory of Washington by way of the Panama and Colon route, arriv- 
ing in Seattle, March 15, 1883. Until December Mr. Niesz spent his 
time in looking over British Columbia, Washington and Oregon on 
the general theory that there would be a great city somewhere in the 
northwest and finally concluded that with all its natural advantages 
and the spirit of its people Seattle must become that city. In Decem- 
ber, therefore, he became associated with W. H. Whittlesey, men- 
tioned elsewhere in this work, in organizing an abstract company and 
later they admitted Charles F. Whittlesey to a partnership under the 
firm name of Niesz, Whittlesey & Company. They classified and 
indexed the county real-estate and court records of King, Pierce, 
Whatcom and Skagit counties, continuing in the abstract business for 
about four years. In July, 1887, Mr. Niesz was elected a member of 
the city council and in the following year sold his abstract business. 
In the meantime he had backed his faith in the future greatness of 
Seattle by purchasing one of the best view lots in the city and erecting 
thereon one of the finest homes then in Seattle. He also purchased 

U, la. jQies? 385 

eight hundred and fifty acres of land in West Seattle, where he kept 
adding to his holdings until his property interests there aggregated 
about fifteen hundred acres. When he disposed of his abstract busi- 
ness he also had extensive property interests in Fairhaven, Belling- 
ham, Sehonie and Whatcom, much of which has since become very 
valuable. He also purchased two hundred acres of land at Eagle 
Harbor and erected there what was then the largest brick plant in the 
northwest but lost that during the financial panic of 1893. He suf- 
fered much in the panic but accepted liis losses philosophically and 
Avith determined purpose and courage set to work to regain the posi- 
tion which he had previously held as a successful business man. He 
did not accept the old adage that opportunity knocks but once, real- 
izing that each day holds its opportunity and that the accomplishment 
of the work of one day gives power and adaptability for the labors of 
the succeeding day. 

Against his wishes Mr. Niesz was reelected a member of the city 
council in July, 1889, and served during the reconstruction period 
following the great fii'e of that year, taking a prominent part in the 
replatting and upbuilding of the city. He with other members of the 
council had mapped out the whole plan some time previous to the fire, 
which made it possible to accompUsh their pm'pose. Theirs was a 
farsighted policy and has done more to advance the interests of the 
city than anything else that was ever undertaken. Owing to inade- 
quate wharf facilities outside communities could do no business with 
Seattle. As a member of the council Mr. Niesz was made chairman 
of the judiciary, finance and harbor and wharves committees and the 
last named took up the whole burden of replatting the business and 
shipping section of the city. This committee directed the replatting 
of the downtown district, establishing Railroad avenue, Western 
avenue and Post street, where the old "Ramshorn Railroad" formerly 
wound its sinuous course between First avenue and the water front 
from the southern limits of the city to Pike street; ^videning First 
and Second avenues ; continuing and widening Commercial street and 
cutting it into First, making it First avenue. South, thereby creating 
the triangular park upon which the famous totem pole now stands. 
They also widened what was then Second avenue, South, and named it 
Occidental avenue and widened what was then Third avenue, South, 
and cut it into Second avenue, naming it Second avenue. South, thus 
creating the square at the intersection of Yesler Way. 

Herculean as was the task of this committee in bringing order out 
of chaos in this part of the city; in opening the way for land and 
water traffic to meet at a minimum cost of transshipment ; in provid- 

386 g. R. Ji3iegf 

ing facilities for a marvelous growth in the business of a future great 
city ; in short in giving the city a new birth, yet this great task paled 
into insignificance compared with the responsibilities resting upon the 
finance committee, of which Mr. Niesz was also chairman. The con- 
ditions confronting this committee were a thoroughly devastated busi- 
ness district — everj^ wharf gone; every approach to the water front 
gone ; streets in the business district, which were mostly built on trestle 
work, all consumed by the fire ; practically everj^ stock of goods, every 
store, every hotel, every fire engine house and the city hall all gone 
up in smoke, and the fire-fighting apparatus all destroyed, with the 
water service in the business district all out of commission. With 
many of the best citizens ruined by their losses in the fire, estimating 
that the city had been set back at least ten years, if indeed it would 
ever recover its former prestige or position as chief commercial city 
of the great northwest, some, discouraged Avith their losses and the 
glimmering prospects for the future of the city, left to seek their for- 
tunes elsewhere, while others estimated that to rehabilitate the streets 
and approaches to the water front alone would cost half a million 
dollars ; that in providing a new fu-e department at least five new sites 
should be secured, which with buildings and equipment would cost 
about one hundred thousand dollars; that a fire boat should be pro- 
vided which would cost about another hundred thousand dollars. 
These, together with all the other estimates and costs, totaled quite a 
formidable amount of money, which, with the city charter fixing an 
arbitrary debt limit of sixty thousand dollars, rendered the situation, 
to say the least, quite appalling to those who were informed on the 
subject and especially to one who had to approve and sign all vouchers 
before warrants could be issued. But the people had previously voted 
bonds for twenty thousand of this and the proceeds had been used for 
building the Grant Street bridge, thus leaving but forty thousand 
dollars of credit upon which to start the city on a new lease of life. 
Here again Mr. Niesz proved his mettle and demonstrated that he 
was the right man in the right place. With the same splendid courage 
with which he approached the replatting problem, armed with the 
shibboleth that with the city, as with an individual, self-preservation is 
the first law of nature and that necessity knows no law, he met the 
situation as he found it. Street planking had always been done from 
the general fund, but this was a time for everybody to help everybody 
else, so property owners were induced to rebuild the streets, the city 
to pay for them when its legal disability was removed. Five sites were 
secured for fire engine houses and buildings were erected thereon, 
partly on a similar basis. An electric fire alarm system was installed 

a, R. Jl3ie0f 387 

on the basis of a lease, paying but little more than interest on the cost 
until such time as the city was in position to pay for same, of course 
providing for the right to purchase same when in financial condition 
to do so. Fire apparatus was secured in similar manner and thus all 
along the line careful study, good judgment and strategy were re- 
quired to get the city again started on the upward path, to brace up 
the courage of the people and, as Mr. Niesz expresses it, "to keep out 
of the penitentiary." 

Perhaps the most embarrassing condition existing at the time of 
the fire and immediately thereafter was brought about by the water 
problem. When the fire came there was no water to quench it and 
afterward there was none to prevent a recurrence of same should the 
property owners again erect structures to feed the flames. This con- 
dition was aggravated by measures taken some time before the fire, 
when the privately owned water company had, as the council viewed 
it, by artful deception secured an amendment to its franchise which 
would greatly increase its revenues as well as its power over the city 
and its citizens, which in turn compelled the city in self-defense to 
take the necessary steps to install a water plant for and by the city. 
Surveys and estimates of cost had been made for ten million gallons 
per day to be brought by gravity from Rock Creek, together with the 
distribution of same throughout the city. One million dollars of bonds 
for this purpose had been voted by the people, but to install such a 
plant would take time, and time was now a great desideratum. With 
the business district destroyed and its best customers out of commis- 
sion, the company did not feel justified in going to the expense of 
reconstructing and extending its plant if the city was going to enter 
the field, so they wanted the city to renounce its determination to in- 
stall a plant of its own and to guarantee them exclusive privileges for 
a longer period. But the fire had so thoroughly demonstrated the 
inefficiency of their plant and its management that such a course lacked 
all the elements which would inspire courage to rebuild. After much 
discussion and many delays the water company finally offered to sell 
its plant to the city, with representations that no private individual nor 
private corporation could buy it, for one million dollars ; that, though 
yet in its infancy, it was worth a great deal more than that. Yet they 
recognized that this was the city of Seattle, hence they would accept 
the million dollars of bonds voted by the people in payment for their 
plant. The whole matter was finally referred to a special committee 
of the council to negotiate with the water company for its plant or 
take other steps which might relieve the situation. Mr. Niesz was 
made the chairman of this committee and here again he found the city 

388 O, K. J13ieg? 

charter blocking the way. While it provided unlimited credit for 
erecting and maintaining a water plant, yet it made no provision for 
purchasing a plant already erected, hence it was again a case of the ne- 
cessity which knows no law and the council must be a law unto itself. 
It was an exigency that was unforeseen and the council must meet ex- 
isting conditions and in so doing must work for the future as well as the 
present. After much negotiation the company made a new proposi- 
tion to take eight hundred and forty thousand dollars, the amount 
they claimed the net revenues would carry at six per cent, and finally 
came down to six hundred thousand dollars if prompt action could be 
taken; but with the city it was not a question of what revenue the 
plant would yield but what it could be duplicated for or what amount 
would build a better or more suitable plant. Hence the committee 
had the council authorize the employment of some eminent hydraulic 
engineer of national repute to appraise the physical plant and to 
elaborate the plans for the gravity system to dovetail into it so far as 
possible for permanent use in case of purchase. To this end Mr. 
Benizette Williams was employed. He appraised the physical plant 
and prepared the plans upon which the present gravity system, of 
which the people are now so justly proud, was finally founded, the 
committee appraising the company's real estate and equities in the 
matter, and finally submitted their proposition to the company. This 
proposition with few minor changes was accepted by the company and 
a contract entered into for the purchase of the plant, which finally 
cleared the way for improvement. The contract called for the city to 
pay three hundred and fifty-two thousand and odd dollars for the 
plant, issuing a warrant for the two thousand and odd dollars to bind 
the company, the balance to be paid when legal disabilities could be 
removed, at any time before January 1, 1892. In the meantime ex- 
tensions to the plant were to be made according to the city's plans and 
under city supervision. 

Fortunately the constitutional convention was in session during 
Seattle's most critical times and three important cities of the territory 
having but recently been devastated by fire made it far more tractable 
to the possible needs of a municipality. When their committee had 
decided to fix the debt limit of the municipalities of the coming state 
to conform with the congressional act for the municipalities of the 
territories of the United States, namely at four per cent of the assessed 
value of the property of such municipality according to the last pre- 
vious assessment roll, a wire to the mayor asking if Seattle could get 
through on that amount quickly prompted his appointment of Mr. 
Niesz to appear before that committee, where by a showing of the 

O. la, f3lCgf 389 

estimated cost of rehabilitating the burned district, of Seattle's situa- 
tion as to water and possible light works for the comfort, convenience 
and health of the community, which are in the nature of an investment 
and yield revenues, and of a possible condition as to sewers for the 
preservation of health, wliich at times become almost a military neces- 
sity, by the method of gradual approach he readily demonstrated that 
a municipality should have a little leeway, so the properly constituted 
authorities could in case of emergency extend its credit without a vote 
of the people to the extent of say one and one-half per cent of its 
assessed valuation ; that an additional amount, say up to five per cent, 
might be extended for general municipal purposes by a vote of three- 
fifths of the voters, voting at an election for that purpose ; and that an 
additional amount of say five per cent might be extended by a similar 
vote of the people for water works, hght works or for sewers — and 
such were the provisions finally adopted by the convention and the 

Mr. Niesz was also largely instrumental in securing provision in 
the state constitution for the larger cities of the state to have the right 
to prepare their own charters. He was also appoined as special repre- 
sentative of the city on this subject. His object was: first, to secure 
local self-government for the larger cities ; second, to secui-e charters 
adaptable to local conditions; and third, to have the larger cities vie 
with each other in promoting progress. The population was fixed at 
twenty thousand for cities of the first class, which were permitted to 
prepare their own charters, in order to secure the votes of King, 
Pierce and Spokane counties, Seattle then having about thirty thou- 
sand, with Tacoma and Spokane near the twenty thousand mark. 
While the committee of the constitution builders was at work on har- 
bor and tide land provisions, Mr. Niesz was again sent to Olympia 
to present the city's case. In replatting the business and shipping 
section of the city, all streets ending on the water front were by ordi- 
nance projected out to deep water, and Mr. Niesz had ideas on harbors 
and tide lands. He was in favor of the state doing with the harbor 
cities as the United States does with the state, i. e., conserve them for 
the future city to be turned over to it when it prepares and adopts its 
charter, the harbor area to be inalienable in the interest of commerce, 
under control of a local commission, and the tide lands to be handled 
by the same or another local commission for the benefit of the port ; 
and had this course been pursued Seattle and Tacoma might today 
both have had permanent sea wall and concrete docks with ample 
means to make them free ports. 

During the session of the first state legislature Mr. Niesz was again 

390 d, E. l^iesf 

selected as special representative of the city and had much to do with 
framing legislation to provide for the city's needs. He was associated 
with Judge Parsons, who was employed by the committee of one hun- 
dred at Tacoma, preparing the enabling act for cities of the fii'st class 
to prepare their own charters. They were to prepare the bill and to 
submit it to the cities before its mtroduction in the legislature. Mr. 
Niesz, through experience in municipal work, sensed the situation and 
aimed to give to cities all the power which the legislature could grant 
without directly delegating its power to the cities, while Judge Par- 
sons was trying to prepare a charter with limitations on nearly every 
subject and in nearly every section. They were known as the short 
bill and the long bill, Judge Parsons preparing the latter and Mr. 
Niesz the former. The short bill was adopted and enacted into law 
and had not the one short clause, "subject to the general laws of the 
state," been injected into the law, Washington's first-class cities might 
now enjoy local self-government and work out their own destiny, 
bearing the same relation to the state as the state does to the nation. 
It may be truly said the beneficial results accomplished for the city by 
Mr. Niesz have stamped their impress deeply upon its growth and have 
had far-reaching effect, yet since leaving the city council there has 
never been a time when he could be induced to accept another pubUc 
office, though always interested in public aff'airs and willing to lend a 
helping hand and do his part in public undertakings. Mr. Niesz has 
served three terms as a member of the board of trustees of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and has been a member of the Commercial Club and 
of many improvement clubs. He has cleared more than four hundred 
acres of land in and near Seattle and in platting land into city lots 
has always been mindful of the future needs of a great city as well as 
the comfort and convenience of those who would eventually use the 
property by providing liberally for public places, wide avenues, etc. 
He donated to the city the site for the West Seattle Carnegie Public 
Libraiy and off'ered to donate the choice of several valuable sites for 
the Art Museum. He built several business blocks in the city as well 
as several homes for himself and family and some houses for sale. He 
took a leading part in the annexation of Seattle's various suburbs and 
in the annexation of West Seattle he insisted on including all of the 
tide lands and the Duwamish valley, contending that all this with the 
greatest possible amount of the drainage district to the south, placed 
under the jurisdiction of the city, would soon lead to the straightening 
of the Duwamish river by building a waterway through the valley, 
which with an avenue paralleling it at a proper distance on each side, 
of sufficient width to accommodate wagon, street car and railroad 

g, H. Ji3ieg? 


traffic, would solve the manufacturing site problem and greatly benefit 
the commercial interests of the city — and these things are now all 
under way. 

Mr. Niesz has always been an ardent advocate of good roads, giv- 
ing special attention to arterial highways. At the present time he is 
much interested in the arterial highways for West Seattle. In politics 
he has always been a republican. At the present time he is devoting 
his attention largely to the supervision of improvements on his various 
property interests, his holdings being now mostly in Seattle, West 
Seattle and between Seattle and Tacoma, though he still holds his 
interest in the old homestead at Canton, Ohio, On the whole it can 
be said that Mr. Niesz has been a useful citizen for Seattle and the 
state of Washington, that his efforts have been constructive rather 
than speculative, that he has done his part well in the upbuilding of 
the city and state and that he deserves all the good fortune that has 
come to him. 

-^r-n.^^^^/ C^^S>^^^ 

Crnesit Carsiten? 

iRNEST CARSTENS, president of the German- 
American Mercantile Bank of Seattle, occupies a 
most enviable position in the business and financial 
circles of the city, not alone by reason of the success 
which he has attained, although he is now numbered 
among the capitahsts of Washington, but also by 
reason of the straightforward business policy he has followed and 
the enterprising methods he has employed. He was born February 
3, 1867, in the small seaport and commercial city of Husum in 
Germany, a son of Peter and Doris Carstens. He attended the 
public schools of the fatherland to the age of sixteen years, when 
he crossed the Atlantic to America and was afterward a student in 
the business college in Fond du Lac. He was engaged in the meat 
business on his own account, when nineteen years of age, in Wis- 
consin, and since the fall of 1887 has been identified with the business 
interests of Seattle, arriving in this city when but twenty years of 
age. He was employed by the old firm of Rice & Gardner, at the 
corner of Cherry and what was then called Front street, but after a 
brief period went to California because of illness on the 2d of Decem- 
ber, 1887, and worked at the butcher's trade in Los Angeles and in 
Pasadena until April, 1890. 

His sojourn in the south proved beneficial to his health and he 
returned to Seattle, where on the 4th of July, 1890, in partnership 
with his brother, Thomas Carstens, he established a retail meat busi- 
ness under the firm style of Carstens Brothers. The new undertaking 
prospered from the beginning as the result of the hard work, un- 
faltering industry and close attention of the partners. They soon 
branched out in the jobbing and wholesale trades and later extended 
the scope of their business to include a packing-house business, at 
which time the firm name was changed to the Carstens Packing 
Business. Prosperity attended their efforts as the years went on, 
theirs becoming one of the most important industries of the kind 
in the city. Ernest Carstens continued his connection therewith 
until 1903, when he sold his interest, after which he spent about a 
year in travel, accompanied by his wife. He afterward handled some 
real-estate deals and in January, 1910, was elected to the presidency 

396 (grncgt Catgten0 

of the newly organized German- American Bank of Seattle and has 
since remained at the head of that institution. He has been the 
owner of property in Seattle since 1889 and now has extensive and 
important realty holdings from which he derives a substantial annual 
income. His business affairs have been wisely directed and have 
brought him up from a humble position in the business world to a 
place of prominence as an important factor in the financial circles 
of Seattle. 

In September, 1892, in Seattle, Washington, Mr. Carstens was 
tmited in marriage to Miss Ida L. Weiss, a daughter of Max and 
Hattie Weiss and a representative of an old pioneer family of West 
Bend, Wisconsin. They have no children of their own, but in 1909 
adopted a little orphan girl named Esther Irene. 

During the period of his residence in California, Mr. Carstens 
was for eight (months a member of the National Guard of that state 
but resigned upon his return to Seattle in 1890. In politics he is a 
republican where national questions and issues are involved, but at 
local and state elections casts an independent ballot. He belongs 
to the Knights of Pythias, is identified with the Order of the Golden 
West and has been president and chairman of the board of trustees 
of the Seattle Turnverein through the past six years. He has also 
been treasurer of the Arion Singing Society for two years and has 
membership with the Arctic Club, the Deutscher Club, the Seattle 
Commercial Club and the Seattle New Chamber of Commerce. He 
is first vice president and treasvu-er of the Seattle Commercial Club 
and his interests and activities have been of a character that have 
contributed to the furtherance of its projects and to the upbuilding 
and development of the city in various ways. His own struggle 
for ascendency has made him sympathetic with others who are trying 
to gain a foothold in the business world and he is ever ready to aid 
one who is willing to help himself. His life of activity has brought 
him into prominence and gained for him success, and throughout his 
entire life history there is not one single esoteric chapter. 


Cljarles; 3. €ricfes;on 

(HARLES J. ERICKSON, a prominent and success- 

C.^ ful contractor, has been engaged in business continu- 
es ously in Seattle throughout the past quarter of a 
\9J century. He is prominent as a man whose constantly 
expanding powers have taken him from humble 
surrounding to the field of large enterprises and 
continually broadening opportunities. His breadth of view has not 
only recognized possibilities for his own advancement but for the 
city's development as well, and his lofty patriotism has prompted 
him to utilize the latter as quickly and as effectively as the former. 
His residence in Seattle dates from 1889 and followed nine years 
spent in Minneapolis. 

His birth occurred in the province of Westergotland, Sweden, 
on the 22d of June, 1852, his parents being Jonas and Kajsa (Bengt- 
son) Erickson. The father remained a peasant of that country 
until 1862, when he crossed the Atlantic to the United States and 
two years later enlisted for service in the Civil war as a soldier of 
the Union army, joining the Eleventh Infantry of Minnesota. He 
continued a resident of Minnesota, engaging in contracting and rail- 
road construction until 1900, when he came to Seattle and here spent 
the remainder of his life with our subject, passing away in 1910 at 
the age of eighty-six years. The mother never desired to come to 
America, preferring to remain at her old country place, where her 
demise occurred when she had attained the age of eighty-two, in 

Charles J. Erickson attended the common schools in the acquire- 
ment of an education and spent the first twenty-eight years of his 
life in the land of his nativity. In 1880 he emigrated to the United 
States and took up his abode in Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he 
followed contracting until 1889. In that year he came to Seattle 
and has here remained in business as a contractor to the present time. 
He started in a very small way with but one or two helpers, but his 
business has steadily grown in volume and importance until it is now 
quite extensive. Some of the larger contracts which he has executed 
include the Second, Third and Fourth avenue regrades, the Pike 
street regrade, the Twelfth avenue regrade, the Lake Union and 

400 Cftatleg % (gtick0on 

Lake Washington sections of the trunk sewer and the Puget Sound 
dry dock No. 2 at Bremerton. He has been awarded and is now 
executing a contract for the construction of a railroad in the Olympic 
Peninsula from Puget Sound west to Lake Crescent. Mr. Erickson 
is president and principal stockholder of the Preston Mill Company, 
president of the National Fishing Company, president of the Erick- 
son Construction Company, director of the Scandinavian- American 
Bank and the State Bank, a director of the Norwegian American 
Steamship Line, director of the Seattle & Port Angeles Western 
Railroad and president of the Port Townsend Puget Sound Railroad. 
What a man does and what he attains depends largely upon his 
opportimities, but the well balanced man mentally and physically is 
possessed of sufficient courage to venture where favoring opportunity 
is presented and his judgment and even-paced energy generally carry 
him forward to the goal of success. Mr. Erickson has never hesitated 
to take a forward step when the way was open. Though content with 
what he has attained as he has gone along, he has always been ready to 
make an advance. Fortunate in possessing ability and character that 
inspire confidence in others, the simple weight of his character and 
abihty has carried him into important relations, while his keen dis- 
cernment and carefully managed affairs have placed him in a most 
comfortable financial position. 

In 1877, in Sweden, Mr. Erickson was united in marriage to Miss 
Anna E. Larson, a daughter of Lars Anderson. Her parents were 
also peasants in the province of Westergotland, the mother reaching 
the age of sixty, while the father lived to be eighty-six years old. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Erickson have been born nine children, three of whom 
survive: Charles Edward, Hilda Katherine and George Leonard, 
who are yet under the parental roof. They also have one grandson, 
whose mother is deceased. 

On the 6th of October, 1911, the king of Sweden conferred upon 
Mr. Erickson the knighthood of the Royal Order of Wasa of the first 
class. Mr. Erickson belongs to the Arctic Club and the Swedish 
Business Men's Club, and his religious faith is indicated by his mem- 
bership in the First Baptist church. Pohtically he is a republican, 
earnest in support of the party, yet without ambition for office, his 
interest being that of a public- spirited citizen. He is chairman of the 
board of directors of Adelphia College and this is but one evidence of 
his interest in aiFairs relating to the public good. He is a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce of the United States and also a member 
of the Seattle Chamber of Commerce. He has studied pubhc condi- 
tions, nor has he ever neglected his obligations in relation to public 

Cftacles % (gncbgon 401 

affairs but has stood loyally in support of plans and measures which 
have had for their object the welfare of the community and have been 
far-reaching and beneficial in effect. Moreover, in his business career 
he has made steady advancement. Coming to the new world as a 
young man, he availed himself of the opportunities afforded in a land 
imhampered by caste or class and lias won both prosperity and an 
honored name. His is the record of a strenuous hfe — the record of 
a strong individuality, sure of itself, stable in purpose, quick in per- 
ception, swift in decision, energetic and persistent in action. 

jDWARD JOHN O'DEA, bishop of Seattle, was 
born November 23, 1856, in Boston, Massachusetts, 
where he attended private school for a short time be- 
fore he departed with his mother and younger brother 
for California by way of the Isthmus route. At San 
Francisco he entered St. Ignatius College on Market 
street, remaining a student there for several years. In 1866, however, 
his parents removed to Portland, Oregon, where they still reside. 

After a few years spent in the public schools Bishop O'Dea en- 
tered the school conducted by the Sisters of the Holy Names in Port- 
land and afterward completed his classical course of six years in St. 
Michael's College in the same city. Following his graduation from 
that institution he entered the Grand Seminary in Montreal, Canada, 
where he studied for six years longer, pursuing courses in philosophy 
and theology and thus preparing for the priesthood, to which he was 
ordained December 23, 1882, holy orders being conferred upon him 
by Archbishop Fabre. 

Immediately after his ordination he returned to Portland, Oregon. 
He was the first resident of that state to become a member of the 
priesthood. Being assigned to duty at the cathedral, he served there 
under the pioneer Archbishop Blanchet and the martyred Archbishop 
Charles J. Seghers. Upon the arrival of Archbishop William H. 
Gross from Savannah, Georgia, he was appointed his secretary, which 
position he occupied for ten years, when he was made pastor of St. 
Patrick's church in Portland. On the 13th of June, 1896, he was 
created a bishop and was consecrated the third bishop of Nisqually by 
Archbishop Gross in Vancouver, Washington, September 8, 1896, 
succeeding the Right Rev. Aegidius Junger, whose residence was at 
Vancouver, Washington. In March, 1903, Bishop O'Dea removed 
his residence temporarily from Vancouver to Seattle, having acquired 
a home on Terry avenue near Cherry street, just a block from the 
new cathedral on Ninth avenue. Realizing the importance that Seat- 
tle would soon assume as the great trade emporium of the Pacific 
coast, the Bishop petitioned the Pope to officially transfer his resi- 
dence to Seattle and received a favorable answer September 11, 1907, 
creating the diocese of Seattle. St. James cathedral was dedicated 

406 (gotoaco 31ot)n ffl)'Dea 

December 22, 1907, when the letter of Pope Pius X, changing the 
title of the diocese from NisquaUy to Seattle, was read before a great 
concourse of people. The diocese of NisquaUy was established May 
31, 1850, and was so called for the ancient village which now exists 
but in name near the city of Olympia, but which in earlj' times was 
the headquarters of the powerful NisquaUy tribe of Indians, among 
whom the pioneer Catholic missionaries lived and labored for many 

The progress of the diocese dm-ing the administration of Bishop 
O'Dea may be estimated by the f oUowing facts : When he took charge 
in 1896 the diocese contained only thirty -nine secular priests; twenty- 
foiu" priests of religious orders; forty-one chm-ches with resident 
priests; forty-eight missions with churches; fovu- coUeges and acade- 
mies for boys; fourteen academies for yotmg ladies; five orphan 
asylums; eleven hospitals; and a Catholic population of forty-two 
thousand. In the year 1910 there were eighty-one secular priests; 
sixty-two priests of religious orders ; seventy-eight chiu-ches with resi- 
dent priests ; one hundred and two missions with churches ; six colleges 
and academies for boys; nineteen academies for young ladies; six 
orphan asylimas; thirteen hospitals; and a Catholic population of 
ninety thousand. 

At the beginning of the year 1914 there were in the diocese of 
Seattle, one himdred and two diocesan priests and seventy-two priests 
of religious orders, a total of one hundred and seventy- four priests ; 
there were ninety-five churches with resident pastors and in aU two 
hundred churches in the diocese. The Cathohc population had reached 
at that time approximately one hundred thousand. Dvu-ing the resi- 
dence of Bishop O'Dea in Seattle, the nvmiber of churches in that 
city has increased from three to sixteen. 

Owing to the growth and increasing importance of the state of 
Washington, the establishment of a new diocese east of the Columbia 
river had become of paramovmt necessity. The greater good of the 
advancing church in those parts and the spiritual needs of the faithful 
impelled Bishop O'Dea to lay the matter before the Holy See, and 
accordingly a decree was issued from Rome, bearing date of Decem- 
ber 17, 1913, by which the diocese of Seattle was canonicaUy dis- 
membered into the two dioceses of Seattle and Spokane. The line of 
division, which is by coimties, runs north and south, and happens to 
be very nearly coincident with the 120th meridian. In the same de- 
cree, pending the election of a bishop. Bishop O'Dea was appointed 
administrator of the new diocese, a position which he retained until 
June 18, 1914, when Right Reverend Augustine F. Schinner, pre- 

(gPtoatP 3[of)n ffl)'Dea 407 

viously bishop of Superior, was solemnly installed as the first bishop 
of Spokane. 

Thus from the old diocese of Nisqually under the administration 
of Bishop O'Dea have sprung in a comparatively few years, two well 
organized and flourishing dioceses. That of Seattle, over which Bishop 
O'Dea continues to rule, though now reduced to about one-half its 
former territory, with about two-thirds of the Catholic population it 
embraced when it covered the entire state of Washington, is yet, in 
point of the number of its priests and people, its chvu-ches and religious 
institutions, in the foremost rank among the ecclesiastical divisions 
of the great northwest. 


Captain g>imon ^eter l^antiolpf) 


of the pioneer settlers of the northwest and related 
many interesting incidents of the early days. Now 
that he is no longer able to tell the story, for death 
has called him, it is fitting that his memory should be 
perpetuated as one who contributed to early progress 
and improvement here. At the same time it is meet that 
made of his widow, who is now Uving in Seattle and who was his com- 
panion and helpmate through all the days when the hardships and trials 
of frontier hfe were to be met as well as through the later days of 
prosperity when kindlier circumstances made life easier. Captain 
Randolph was born in Logan county, Illinois, January 10, 1835, a 
son of Brooks Randolph, who was a farmer and "circuit rider" 
Methodist Episcopal minister. He belonged to a well known old 
Virginia family but in pioneer times removed westward to Illinois, 
settling in Logan county about the time of the Black Hawk war, the 
family experiencing all of the hardships, privations and trials of 
pioneer life. 

Amid such conditions and surroundings Captain Randolph was 
reared and on the 30th of January, 1856, he married Catherine Breck- 
enridge, of Springfield, Illinois, a daughter of Hon. Preston Breck- 
enridge. He was a Kentuckian and was related to the Breckenridge 
family prominent in that state. In 1834 he and his wife, Catherine, 
and four sons — Alexander, Hugh, Cornelius and Joseph Brecken- 
ridge — removed to Illinois, establishing their home in Sangamon 
county, and there he brought up his family of eight sons and five 
daughters. His homestead was situated near the south fork of the 
Sangamon river. He became a very prominent man in his com- 
munity and was chosen to represent his district in the state legislature. 
It is a matter of history that he defeated Abraham Lincoln in the 
convention for the nomination to the general assembly. Not only did 
he engage in farming but also operated a lumber and flour mill with 
water power from the south fork of the Sangamon. 

It was his daughter Catherine who became the wife of Captain 
Simon P. Randolph. She has the distinction of being one of the chil- 

412 Captain ^imon peter KanPolpj} 

dren who in 1847 signed the pledge prepared by Abraham Lincohi, 
which reads as follows: "Whereas, the use of intoxicating liquors as 
a beverage is productive of pauperism, degredation and crime, and 
believing it is our duty to discourage that which produces more evil 
than good, we therefore pledge ovu-selves to abstain from the use of 
intoxicating liquors as a beverage." Although she is seventy-seven 
years of age, she clearly recalls incidents of her girlhood when she 
pursued her education in one of the httle old time log schoolhouses 
near her father's farm in Sangamon county, Illinois. She was but 
nine years of age when she signed the Lincoln pledge on a Simday 
afternoon at a meeting which was held in the schoolhouse yard and 
which was addressed by the young Illinois lawyer who afterward be- 
came the president of the United States. 

For a few months after their marriage Captain and Mrs. Ran- 
dolph remained residents of Illinois but in 1856 removed to Council 
Bluffs, Iowa, and in the fall of that year took up a preemption claim 
in Sarpy county, Nebraska, in the Platte river valley, about twenty- 
five mUes from Omaha. Following the discovery of gold near Pike's 
Peak, Colorado, in 1859 Captain Randolph went to Denver and then 
proceeded to the moimtains and followed mining. In the spring his 
wife went out with a brother's family and joined him. They went to 
the valley for the winter, fifty-two mQes below Denver, where they 
kept the station for the overland express company, rimning between 
Leavenworth and Denver. In the spring they returned to Pleasant 
Valley, Russels Gulch, near Gregory, and there remained for about 
two years, during which period their son Brooks was born. Captain 
Randolph was there engaged in placer mining and afterward removed 
to Twin Lakes, near Leadville, where he erected and conducted a 
storage and commission house, that being as far as teams could go, 
the next range of moimtains being very steep and difficult to cross. 
X. Beedler carried the freight from there on with his pack train of 
JNIexican donkeys. About two years were also spent bj'^ the family 
at that place. During her experience upon the western frontier Mrs. 
Randolph many tunes furnished meals for prospectors who had lost 
their way or were bhnded by the snow of the mountains. They dwelt 
in the mountains of Colorado xmtil 1862, when, on account of the 
Indian outbreaks, they returned to Nebraska, where Captain Ran- 
dolph enlisted in Company D of the Second Nebraska Cavalry. He 
served the time of his enlistment, received an honorable discharge and 
was receiving a pension at the tune of his death. In 1864, following 
the excitement attendant upon gold discoveries in Idaho, they went 
to that district and again lived among the mountams, while Captain 

(Zc^^JJLeU\A^^-^^ k (lij^yy/\<dj^-j^ 

Captain ^imon petet EanDolpi) 4i5 

Randolph followed quartz mining as a business. In the winter of 
1864-5, when the deep snow cut off communication with the valley, 
the mining camp became nearly destitute for want of provisions. Mrs. 
Randolph divided their last four pounds of flour with a neighbor. At 
last, no help coming, at night when the crust of the snow froze suffi- 
ciently to bear a man's weight, Captain Randolph, who was the only 
man wilhng to take the venture, went on snowshoes, drawing a little 
sled, in search of needed supplies, traveling twenty-five or thirty miles. 
The trip was a difficult and arduous one but he returned in safety, the 
sled laden with provisions. 

In 1865 Captain and Mrs. Randolph with their family went to 
Umatilla, Oregon, where they remained until the fall of 1868, and 
while there Captain Randolph assisted in the construction of a steamer 
and took it down the Columbia river to Portland over the Dalles Falls, 
a very dangerous undertaking, as there had been but one steamer 
taken over The Dalles before. Rrnnors that the Northern Pacific 
Railroad terminus would be located at Seattle decided Captain Ran- 
dolph to come to this city, it being his behef that it would be a better 
place to locate. He arrived in the fall of 1868 and was joined by 
Mrs. Randolph and the children in the spring of 1869. At first he 
was engaged in transporting coal for the Lake Washington Coal 
Company from Newcastle to Seattle on the scow Good Templar, 
which was propelled by poles. He later built the steamer Fannie, 
finding the Good Templar too heavy for the trade, and afterwards 
used barges for carrying coal. In 1870 he owned and navigated the 
first steamer on Lake Washington, which was named Fannie and 
which he used in transporting coal from Newcastle to the portage on 
the lake, and he was proud of the fact that he blew the first steamboat 
whistle heard on Lake Washington. He afterward built the steamer 
Comet, which his wife named. He always superintended and assisted 
in building his boats. He ran the Comet on the Duwamish and 
White rivers for several years, carrying passengers and freight to and 
from Seattle, and many of the old farmers Avill remember Captain 
Randolph and the Comet. His business, however, required a larger 
steamer and he built the Edith R., with which he navigated the Snoho-^ 
mish and Nooksack rivers, carrying freight and passengers between 
Whatcom and Lynden. After practically retiring he was engaged 
by Ehsha Alvord, one of the White River farmers, now engaged in 
mining talc on the Upper Skagit, in carrying talc from the mines to 
Rockport, where he connected with the railroads. He built the boat 
Tolo for Mr. Alvord and took it up to the mines about 1905, Mrs. 
Randolph accompanying him on the trip. Owing to the lateness of 

416 Captam ^imon petct BanDolpi> 

the season, they encountered many obstacles on account of low water 
but finally reached their destination. 

To Captain and Mrs. Randolph were born seven children, four of 
whom died in infancy or early childhood. Of those who reached adult 
age, Preston Brooks was born in Gilpin county, Colorado, in 1860 and 
is a resident of Seattle. He married Agnes Delphine Monroe and 
they have five children, namely : Ethel Agnes, Kendall Brooks, Elsie 
May, Arthur Monroe and Preston Breckenridge ; and one grandchild, 
Louise Higbee. The daughter May, born in Umatilla, Oregon, in 
1866, became the wife of A. Robinson, a real estate dealer of Seattle. 
She has since passed away, leaving a son, Walter Randolph. The 
other daughter, Edith, born in Seattle in 1870, is the wife of A. C. 
Warner, of Seattle, and they have three children : Alice, Edith Ruth 
and William Randolph. 

There is no phase of pioneer life west of the Mississippi with 
which Captain and Mrs. Randolph did not become familiar and her 
stories of the Indians and her experiences of the frontier while living 
in the different places of the west and northwest would fill a volume 
and prove a most interesting tale. Captain Randolph was a very fine 
shot with the rifle and with the revolver and because of his skill in this 
direction he could at almost any time supply his table with game, it 
being no unusual thing for him to bring down an antelope or a deer. 
Mrs. Randolph belongs to Stevens Relief Corps, and for forty years 
has been a devoted member of the Presbyterian church. In early 
days she was an enthusiastic worker in the church, when such workers 
were scarce. Her home, her children, her church were her chief objects 
in life, not caring for society. Captain Randolph also held member- 
ship in the Presbyterian church, his life conforming to its teachings. 
He was also a member of the Pioneer Association, with which Mrs. 
Randolph is still identified. His political allegiance was given to the 
republican party and he was ever a stalwart champion of its principles. 
He passed away in Seattle January 15, 1909, after passing the seventy- 
fourth milestone on life's journey. There was no feature of the city's 
growth and development with which he was not acquainted, for he 
came here in the period of Seattle's villagehood and lived to see the 
hills which border the lake and sound covered by comfortable, at- 
tractive homes, connected by wide streets and broad boulevards, while 
the business section has also expanded, covering a wide area. It is 
long since he blew the fiirst steamboat whistle on Lake Washington, 
and conditions have greatly changed. Mrs. Randolph in recounting 
reminiscences of pioneer times in Seattle says, "There is one thing 
that I think of with pleasure and I am glad I had a part in it. It is 

Captain ^imon petct KanDoIplj 


the building of the first raikoad into the city. But that is a story of 
some length." The memory of these worthy pioneers should be per- 
petuated and the story of the part which they took in developing the 
civilization of the northwest should be told again and again by a pubhc 
gratefid to them for their efforts. 

C - Cf-^-t^-^^^^o-iiu^-t^x^,^^ 

Cornelius #s;gettiartr 

(ORNELIUS OSSEWARD is conducting an exten- 
sive and profitable drug business under the name of 
Osseward's Pharmacy. This was the first exclusive 
prescription pharmacy on the Pacific coast and has 
always set the standard for business activity of this 
character. Mr. Osseward was born December 12, 
1866, at Wissenkerke, in the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands. 
His father, P. Osseward, also a native of that country, came to Amer- 
ica with his family in 1881 and settled in the east. He was a carpenter 
and builder by trade and continued in business along those lines until 
his death. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Anna De Smit, is 
also a native of Holland and now resides in Kalamazoo, Michigan. 
In their family were three daughters and two sons. 

Cornelius Osseward, the second in order of birth, was educated in 
the district schools of his native country and in Northwestern Uni- 
versity of Chicago, where he completed a course and was graduated 
with the Ph. C. degree as a member of the class of 1896. Coming to 
the northwest he was first employed by the firm of Stewart & Holmes, 
of Seattle, for a period of four years. He arrived in this city in 1899 
and after his period of clerkship, established his present business, 
having the first exclusive prescription pharmacy on the Pacific coast. 
He now has an extensive establishment well appointed and containing 
all lines of drugs for prescription work. His patronage is now very 
extensive and his success is the legitimate outcome of well defined 
plans, carefully executed, and of thoroughly reliable dealing. He 
is a member of the State Pharmaceutical Association and has served 
as president and as a member of various committees. He also belongs 
to the American Pharmaceutical Association and has just completed 
a term as chairman of section on practical pharmacy and dispension. 
He also lectures on practical pharmacy at the University of Wash- 
ington. He has been a member of the state board of pharmacy for 
six years, now serving under the appointment of the governor for a 
second term of five years. 

On the 19th of May, 1903, Mr. Osseward was married in Seattle, 
to Miss Lena Shank, a native of Washington and a daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Charles H. Shank. They have become the parents of four 


Cotneliu0 iSDsdetoatD 

children. John, born in Seattle, June 12, 1904; Adriana, born 
December 20, 1906; Peter, August 13, 1908; and James, February, 
12, 1911. Mr. Osseward holds membership with the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. He has led a busy life characterized by an 
unfaltering purpose and actuated by laudable ambition. The strength 
of his character is shown in the fact that he made his own way through 
the university and that his success has been gained entirely through 
his own efforts. As the years have come and gone he has held to a 
fixed purpose and in all his career has never deviated from the highest 
standard of commercial ethics, conducting his business along modern 
lines and winning an honorable and gratifying success. 

Patrick Jf ramig JPurcell 

W' y-^ SS Pui'cell Safe Company of Seattle and president of 
C 2 \-^ C 9 the business since its inception, belongs to that class 
^ ? ^5 of men who have recognized the opportunities of the 

li^S3^m ^°^"th^^^t and, utilizing those opportunities to good 
advantage, have reached a j)osition of leadership in 
business and financial circles. Various corporations have felt the 
stimulus of the efforts and enterprise of Mr. Purcell, who is an officer 
in a number of important companies. 

A native of Ireland, he was born at Breanermore, in County 
Tipperary, August 7, 1869, a son of Martin and Katherine (Ahem) 
Purcell, the former of English lineage, while the latter was of pure 
Irish descent. Six generations of the family lived on the old family 
homestead at Breanermore where Patrick F. Purcell was born. He 
was educated under private tutors until the spring of 1885, when, at 
the age of fifteen years, he came to the United States. He then went 
west and for two years rode the range in Kansas and Nebraska for 
the American Cattle Company, but he was ambitious to engage in 
business on his own account and began dealing in horses and cattle at 
Benkleman, Nebraska. After a year he left that place and engaged 
in prospecting in the mountains of Colorado for two years. Later he 
went to New York, where he entered the employ of the well known 
safe manufacturers, Marvin & Company. Since then he has devoted 
his entire time to that line of business and excellent success has 
attended his efforts. After many years with that company and with 
the E. C. Morris Company he came to Seattle in December, 1902, and 
he organized the Purcell Safe Company, of which he has since been 
the president. He is also president of the Malto Brau Distributing 
Company. His interests are broad and important and his business 
activity has been of a character that has carried him steadily forward 
and won for him a prominent position among the strong, resourceful 
and capable men of the northwest. 

On the 7th of January, 1908, Mr. Purcell was united in marriage 

to Mrs. Martha May (Triplett) Van De Vanter, a daughter of Silas 

D. and Rebecca M. Triplett. Mr. Purcell holds hfe membership in 

the Arctic Club, the Seattle Athletic Club, the Commercial Club and 


426 patticb jFtancis putcell 

the Chamber of Commerce — associations which indicate the nature of 
his interests outside the strict path of business. He has quahties which 
have gained him personal popularity and he has appreciation for the 
social amenities of life, yet he never allows outside interests to inter- 
fere with the capable conduct of his business aifairs, and today the 
PurceE Safe Company is widely known in the northwest and other 
business interests with which he is associated have become prominent 
factors in commercial circles of this section of the country. 

■•"^fe-H. ""-"-^-•Sfc - 

c::7^''';a-z— 1^- '<J, <7 /-■^--T/^-)'T_^-'-u-<' 

fofjn ®. ^ijomass 

)OHN D. THOMAS spent the latter years of his hfe 

J.^. m Seattle. He was born in Wales in 1831, a son of 
j3i John and Ann (Davis) Thomas, who were likewise 
w/ natives of that country, the father's birth having 
occurred in 1799, while the mother was born in 1803. 
John D. Thomas spent the years of his boyhood and 
youth in Wales and acquired his education in its schools. On the 15th 
of April, 1882, he was imited in marriage to Miss Mattie A. Doe, 
their wedding being celebrated in California. They became the par- 
ents of three children. Ethel M. married R. C. Ross and died in 1911, 
leaving one child, Kathleen. The second member of the family, John 
D., is a resident of Seattle, but the eldest, Anna, died in infancy. 

After coming to this country Mr. Thomas traveled to a considera- 
ble extent, visiting various places, remaining for a longer or shorter 
period as he deemed it wise and expedient. Finally he settled in 
Butte, Montana, where he engaged in the wholesale and retail grocery 
business, becoming one of the early and successful merchants of that 
place. He built one of the first brick blocks in Butte and later when 
he wished to leave that place he reorganized the business with a stock 
company. The enterprise proved a marked success, being carefully 
directed and managed by Mr. Thomas. In 1890, however, he left 
Montana and came to Seattle, where he continued to reside until called 
to his final rest April 16, 1898. He had been to this state previous to 
that time and had purchased property on Fourth and Pike streets. 
His brother Lewis also came to Seattle and Mr. Thomas erected a 
store building and ordered a stock of goods in order to establish liis 
brother in the grocery business. But Lewis Thomas died before the 
opening of the store, so that John D. Thomas disposed of the stock of 
goods, not caring himself to assume the burdens and responsibilities 
of merchandising. He did not wish to engage in business here but 
dealt to some extent in real estate. He went to Victoria, British 
Columbia, and purchased one acre of land on what is now Dallas road 
but did not find that as attractive a place of residence as Seattle, so he 
returned to this city. His widow, however, still owns some property 
on Dallas road. Mr. Thomas believed in Seattle and its possibilities 


3Ioi)n D. Ci)oma0 

of development and in fact was a most public-spirited man, always 
doing what he could to further the welfare of his adopted city. 

In religious belief Mr. Thomas was an Episcopalian, holding 
membership in St. Mark's church. In Masonry he attained high rank, 
having reached the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite. Every- 
where he was spoken of in terms of kindness and respect. His life 
proved the truth of the Emersonian philosophy that the way to win 
a friend is to be one. He had many sterling traits of character, was 
a devoted husband and father and held friendship inviolable. He 
neglected none of the duties of life and improved his opportimities 
and at all times manifested those traits of kindliness, goodwill and 
helpfulness which are considered the graces of character. 


^j<*>''»^Ji-i> l5'^^^^^;t-<^^-t,-M;v*^^.'^ 

3f antes! ^jjannon, ill.B» 

jR. JAMES SHANNON, a medical practitioner of 
Seattle, was born in Marmora, Ontario, Canada, on 
the 6th of April, 1859, a son of Daniel and Margaret 
Shannon, After attending the public schools of his 
native province he continued his education in St. 
Catherine's (Ont.) Collegiate Institute and in the 
Ottawa Normal School. Crossing the border into the United States 
to become a resident of the republic, he later attended the University 
of California as a medical student and was graduated on the loth of 
November, 1887. Thus equipped for practice, he opened an office in 
Seattle in 1887 and has since remained, devoting liis entire attention 
to his professional duties, which have grown in volume and impor- 
tance as he has become more and more widely known and as his ability 
has been recognized by the general public. He has financial interests 
of importance, being a director in the Bank for Savings and in the 
Washington Building & Savings Bank, both of Seattle. 

On the 21st of May, 1891, in the city where he yet makes his home, 
Dr. Shannon was married to Miss Monica Crookall, a daughter of 
Charles Crookall, of Berlin, Ontario. They are now the parents of 
three sons and a daughter: Charles D., Ai-thur A., Edward and 
Mary Monica. 

Dr. Shannon is a Roman Catholic in religious faith and is identi- 
fied with the Knights of Columbus. He also belongs to the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks and to the University Club, and he finds 
pleasant association with men of learning, his tastes being along the 
lines of higher culture. 


)ONCENTRATION of purpose, well defined and 
carefully executed plans and a creditable ambition 
have brought Morris A. Arnold to a central place on 
the stage of banking activity in the northwest. Prac- 
tically throughout his entire life he has been con- 
nected with the banking institutions and inherited 
tendency and early environment as well as natural predilection may 
have had something to do with his choice of a life work, for his father, 
R. R. Arnold, was for forty years president of the First National 
Bank of Mexico, Missom-i, so that the son was "to the manner born." 
His mother in her maidenhood was Ophelia Elizabeth Morris. The 
maternal grandfather. Judge John Bingle Morris, settled in Mexico, 
Missouri, in 1832, and built the first residence and store building in 
that town. He conducted the fii-st mercantile enterprise there, was 
the first postmaster, and the first judge of the county court. He was 
a personal friend of Judge Moss, father of Mrs. Morris A. Arnold, 
and they practiced in adjoining counties. Judge Moss was circuit 
attorney and on horseback made the trips to the courts in surrounding 
counties. Becoming a resident of Mexico, Judge John B. Morris 
spent the remainder of his days there. He had a large family, many 
of whom are still living in Mexico and its vicinity. An old illustration 
in possession of Mr. Arnold shows a monument erected to the mem- 
ory of Judge Morris which bears the inscription : "This unique monu- 
ment in memory of John B. Morris, former district judge, postmaster 
and county clerk, who built the first residence and business building 
in Mexico in 1836." 

Morris A. Arnold was born at Mexico, Missouri, May 1, 1866, 
and supplemented the public school education acquired in his native 
city by a course in the Missouri State University. He then made his 
initial step in the business world in 1888 as an employe in the First 
National Bank of Mexico, after which he went to St. Louis and 
accepted the position of bookkeeper in the Third National Bank of 
that city. He started upon an independent career by establishing 
the Farmers & Merchants Bank at Centralia, Missouri, of which he 
was cashier until April, 1897, when he resigned to accept the proffered 

440 Qgoctig 21, 3tnolD 

office of state bank examiner of Missouri. During his occupancy of 
that office he made examination of all the trust companies, which were 
at that time the largest institutions of the character in the state. He 
retired from the position of bank examiner after a four years' incum- 
bency and removed to Montana, where he was largely interested in 
banking, land, cattle and other business enterprises. 

Mr. Ai-nold's identification with Seattle dates from July 1, 1907, 
when he became president of the First National Bank of this city 
and his high standing in banking circles is indicated in the fact that in 
August, 1908, he was elected to the presidency of the Clearing House 
Association. He is a director of the Fisher Flouring Mills Company 
of Seattle, a director and vice president of the Hofius Steel & 
Equipment Company and executor of the W. D. Hofius estate. 

On the 11th of October, 1893, Mr. Arnold was married to Miss 
Georgie Moss, of Paris, Missouri, a daughter of Judge David Hick- 
man and Melville E. (Hollingsworth) Moss, the former the president 
of the National Bank of Paris, Missouri, and both now deceased. 
Mr. and Mrs. Arnold became the parents of one son, Lawrence M., 
who was born November 29, 1894, and is now a student in Cornell 
University at Ithaca, New York. In club circles Mr. Arnold is well 
known, holding membership with the Rainier, Seattle Golf and Uni- 
versity Clubs. While in Montana he was actively connected with St. 
Luke's Episcopal church at Billings, being senior warden at one time. 
He is a man of well balanced capacities and powers and has made 
steady advancement since his initial effort was made in the field of 
business, his labors having found culmination in the development of 
important banking interests and in the promotion of large commer- 
cial enterprises. 

|N the history of the bar of Seattle the name of Zepha- 
niah B. Rawson appears in prominent connections, 
for he has long practiced at the bar of this city and 
his ability has placed him in rank among the fore- 
most representatives of the legal fraternity in the 
northwest. The width of the continent separates 
him from his birthplace. He was born in Paris, Maine, in 1858, and 
is a representative of one of the old colonial families, the line being 
traced back to Edward Rawson, a native of England, who made the 
voyage across the Atlantic in one of the old-time saihng vessels in 
the year 1636. He was a man of prominence and influence in his com- 
munity and for thirty-six years, from 1650 until 1686, was secretary 
of the Massachusetts colony. He was also one of the founders of the 
Old South church of Boston and bore an important part in the estab- 
lishment of the policy of the colony in the early days. The family 
is one well known and honored in England to this day and its mem- 
bers yet hold high offices in the navy, while one is a member of the 
house of lords. At the time of the Revolutionary war the branch of 
the family that had been founded in this country was represented by 
soldiers who loyally defended the interests of the colonists and won 
independence for the nation. Since then the name has become insep- 
arably interwoven with important events in the history of both New 
England and the central states. On the military record, too, the 
name of Rawson figures prominently and honorably and it has become 
a synonym for progressive citizenship. 

Frank M. Rawson, the father of Z. B. Rawson, was born in Paris, 
Maine, and devoted his life to general farming, thus providing for the 
support of his family. He held membership in the Methodist church 
and guided his actions by its teachings, his course at all times meas- 
uring up to the high standards of the church. He passed away when 
his son was six years of age. His wife, who bore the maiden name 
of Vesta A. Whitman, is still living and resides with her son, 
Zephaniah B. 

Zephaniah B. Rawson remained at home until he reached the age 
of twelve years and supplemented his early educational training by 
a preparatory course in the Maine Wesleyan Seminary at Kent's 

444 ^epbaniab "B^ Eatogon 

Hill. He was ambitious to acquire a good education and earned his 
own way through school from the time that he reached the age of 
thirteen. He made the most excellent use of his opportimities and 
his talents and in his studies advanced rapidly, recognizing, as few 
boys do, the value of education as a preparation for life's practical 
and responsible duties. In the face of conditions which would have 
utterly discouraged a youth of less resolute purpose and lofty ideals 
he pushed forward and after acquiring a good classical education 
entered upon the study of law with Judge Enoch Foster, of the 
supreme court of Maine, as his preceptor. Later he supplemented 
his prehminary reading by study in the Columbian University at 
Washington, D. C, and was graduated therefrom as a member of 
the class of 1888. 

Mr. Rawson located for practice in Maine, but, wishing to try 
the opportunities which he believed existed in the far west, he left the 
Pine Tree state in 1889 and started for Washington. He had heard 
very favorable reports concerning Tacoma and visited that city as 
well as Seattle, but, beheving that the latter had better chances, he 
decided to locate here and has never had occasion to regret the step 
which he thus took. He was not long in winning for himself a most 
creditable position at the bar. He entered into practice as a member 
of the fii-m of Love joy & Rawson and after a year withdrew from 
that connection and for two years practiced as a partner of Mr. 
Waller. Since that time he has been alone and, speaking of his pro- 
fessional career, a contemporary writer has said: "He has engaged 
in the general practice of law, though to some extent he has made a 
specialty of real-estate litigations. He has had a large volume of pro- 
bate practice, but he does not desire to make a specialty of any one 
line and has a broad and comprehensive knowledge of jurisprudence 
in all its departments. He practices before all the courts, and in 
1896-97 was city attorney of Seattle. He is quick to master all the 
intricacies in a case and grasp all the details, at the same time losing 
sight of none of the essential points upon which the decision of ever}'' 
case finally turns. He has a ready flow of language and as a speaker 
is fluent, forcible, earnest and logical, as well as convincing in argu- 
ment. His knowledge of the law, it must be conceded, is hardly sec- 
ond to that of any other member of the bar of Washington. A man 
of sound judgment, he manages his cases with masterly skill and tact, 
is a logical reasoner and has a ready command of English. His pow- 
ers as an advocate have been demonstrated by his success on many 
occasions, and he is an able lawyer of large and varied experience in 
all the courts. Thoroughness characterizes all his efforts and he con- 

3epi)anial) 15. Katogon 445 

ducts all his business Avith a strict regard to a high standard of pro- 
fessional ethics." 

Mr. Rawson has ever been attractively situated in his home life. 
He was married in January, 1884, to Miss Nellie F. French, a native 
of Maine and a daughter of Edwin R. French, who was twice a mem- 
ber of the Maine senate. Four children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Rawson: Ralph F., Erroll ^V., Charlotte Stevens and Edward 

The family are Unitarians in rehgious belief and Mr. Rawson was 
a member of the board of trustees of the First Unitarian church of 
Seattle for fifteen years, was president of the board for eleven years 
and chairman of the building committee during the erection of the 
church on Boylston avenue. He also holds membership with the 
Modern Woodmen of America and the Woodmen of the World. His 
activities aside from his profession have been directed along military 
and political lines. He became identified with the National Guard 
in 1893, joining Company D, and was soon afterward appointed to 
the position of sergeant major of the First Washington Regiment. 
As that office was in the line of staff duty and he desired active work, 
he resigned just prior to the Spanish-American war and reenlisted in 
Company D. His regiment was mustered into the United States 
service and he had the distinction of being the first enlisted man sworn 
into service from the state of Wasliington. While acting as first ser- 
geant in the Philippines he received honorable mention for distin- 
guished and meritorious service on five different occasions. He was 
later promoted to the second lieutenancy for his commendable gal- 
lantry and capable Avork. With one exception, he participated in 
every engagement in which his company took part and he was also 
in many of the scouting expeditions. While engaged in duty of that 
character he was forced to remain away from his company for so 
long a time on two different occasions that he was reported dead 
among liis comrades. He took part in eighteen different engage- 
ments aside from his scouting work and remained continuously on 
active duty with his regiment until mustered out at San Francisco, 
November 1, 1899, with the rank of second lieutenant. Soon after 
his return to Washington he was appointed brigade inspector with 
the rank of lieutenant colonel and held that position until he became 
a member of the legislature. 

The name of Colonel Rawson is equally well known in political 
circles. Since age conferred upon him the right of franchise he has 
voted with the republican party and has become a recognized leader 
in its ranks. In the fall of 1900 he was made his party's nominee for 

446 ^gpfjaniab 15, Ratoson 

the office of representative of the forty-first district. His opposition 
to the bill increasing the salary of adjutant generals and decreasing 
that of the enlisted men won him considerable publicity. While a 
member of the house he was also active in bringing about the defeat of 
the administration bill. He has ever stood fearlessly for what he 
believes to be right, whether as champion or opponent of a measure. 
He was a strong advocate of a bill providing for the return of the 
penalty on city taxes to the city instead of to the county, his efforts 
contributing largely to the passage of the measure. He was made 
chairman of the committee on military affairs and a member of the 
committee on appropriations, and while acting in the latter capacity 
was instrumental in wrecking some of the unjust bills. He served 
also on the judiciary and horticultural committees and was identified 
with much constructive legislation looking to the development of the 
state and to the upholding of its high standards. His entire record 
has been one which commands confidence and goodwill, for he has 
been faultless in honor, fearless in conduct and stainless in reputation. 
His clear insight has made him master of many situations in which 
he has become a manager or leader. He never deviates from a course 
which he believes to be right between himself and his fellowmen, and 
the integrity of his purpose and his action is imquestioned even by his 
strongest enemies. Life has been to him purposeful and resultant and 
the success and honor to which he has attained are well merited. 


OTiUiam ^oigt 

)ILLIAM VOIGT became a permanent resident of 

W^.\ Seattle in 1876, and with the upbuilding and develop- 
Wj ment of the city has been closely associated. He 
W^ has watched its progress from practical villagehood 
to its present metropolitan proportions and has ever 
been loyal to its interests. Mr. Voigt is a native of 
Prussia, his birth having occurred on the 4th of November, 1838, at 
Custrin, in the province of Brandenburg, which town has always 
been one of the strongly fortified places of Pmssia. His parents 
were Christian and Anna Sophie (Muske) Voigt. His father was 
for a year military inspector for the government institutions for 
raising horses for military purposes and in the later years of his hfe 
he owned an estate near Custrin. 

William Voight acquired his preparatory education at the gym- 
nasium at Frankfort-on-the-Oder and was graduated from the col- 
lege there in the fall of 1856, after which he entered the University 
of Berlin to study medicine. He pursued his course there for six 
months and then, through family influence, because there was already 
a physician in the family, was induced to take up the study of theol- 
ogy. Accordingly he entered the University of Halle, which was at 
that time the principal thelogical school of the country, and was 
graduated therefrom in the fall of 18.59. For two j^ears he engaged 
in teaching in high schools and in the meantime he joined a political 
society called the National Verein, the object of which was to form a 
united Germany. He took an active part in furthering its work by 
making speeches setting forth the value and worth of such move- 
ments, but the Prussian government notified him that he could not 
be a member of this society nor make political speeches, for the Prus- 
sians were opposed to the movement not because they were against 
the idea of a united Germany but because they did not wish to offend 
Austria, whose emperor had been the nominal German emperor, 
merely a figurehead, however, with the government seat at Frank- 
fort-on-the-Main. Not agreeing with the Prussian government, Mr. 
Voigt went to England, where he taught in a private school, but not 
wishing to become an English subject, he decided to take up his abode 

450 mUliam Igoigt 

in the land which he regarded as having the greatest future and pos- 
sibihties. Accordingly he made his waj^ to America, arriving in New- 
York in the fall of 1863, after which he engaged in teaching there for 
about two years. In 1864 Mr. Voigt was united in marriage to Miss 
Mina Wengel, a daughter of Herbert Wengel, a major in the army 
of Wurtemberg. In the fall of 1865 he made his way to San Fran- 
cisco and after a trip through Arizona decided to open a private school 
at Stockton, Cahfornia. While a resident of that place he was a 
member of the Order of Druids and held the position of secretary. In 
1868 he made a trip to Puget Sound and was so pleased with the 
country that he returned to California, disposed of his holdings there 
and returned to the northwest in 1870. From 1871 until 1874 he 
conducted a hotel at Steilacoom. 

On his first visit to Seattle, in 1870, Mr. Voigt was greatly im- 
pressed with its natural advantages as a great shipping and manufac- 
turing center and recognized the fact that the lakes could easily be 
connected with the harbor and especially the tide flats, which should 
have furnished the money for all the harbor improvements for a gi'eat 
world seaport. He always took a deep interest in the project of 
building the Lake Washington canal. He returned to Seattle to take 
up his permanent abode, has always been interested in everything 
pertaining to its welfare and was earnest in his efforts to bring about 
the connection of the lakes with the salt water. While a member of 
the city council from 1894 until 1896 he used all of his time and influ- 
ence to advance the building of the Lake Washington canal and the 
replatting of the water front from Washington street to Smith Cove. 
He agitated the building of a sea wall, if not of concrete at least a 
brush wall, and supported the plan of making a solid water front 
by filling in from the Denny hill, which would have made the water 
front sanitary and would have saved the city thousands of dollars, but 
the earth carried away from Denny hill went into deep water and 
unsanitary conditions still exist along the lake front. Mr. Voigt 
was also a most earnest worker in the movement to secure the Cedar 
river water and labored untiringly with his friends to carry the elec- 
tion with a three-fifths majority in order that the city might have the 
legal right to carry out the Cedar river project. None questions his 
public spirit or his devotion to those plans which he beheves will be 
of the greatest benefit to the city. In his private business affairs he 
has been active in real estate and building operations and in 1889 he 
erected a business block on First avenue between Vine and Cedar 
streets, where he has since lived. Mrs. Voigt passed away on the 
23d of August, 1904. Mr. Voigt is a member of the Pioneer Society. 



©ailliam ^oigt 


His life has been an active and useful one, far-reaching in its 
eflfects and honorable in its purposes. His political allegiance has 
ever been given to the republican party, which he has represented in 
various county and state conventions. Throughout all the years of 
his residence in the northwest Mr. Voigt has been an active factor in 
the upbuilding of the country, the development of its resources and 
the utilization of its natural advantages, and his worth as a citizen is 
widely acknowledged. 

ClisJfja Senrp aiborb 

[EATTLE may justly feel proud of Elisha Henry 
Alvord, who, after six years of constant study and 
experimentation, has succeeded in inventing a multi- 
ple compartment pulp-press, which is destined to 
revolutionize the paper-pulp industry and which is 
regarded by mechanical engineers as the most notable 
achievement m the field of industrial invention m the last three dec- 
ades. Mr. Alvord is a native son of Washington, born near Kent 
on the 24th of December, 1863. His father, Thomas Moody Alvord, 
is still hving at the age of eighty- four years. He mined in California 
from 1853 to 1858 and spent one year on the Eraser river. In 1859 he 
located one mile south of Kent, where he remained until 1897, when 
he joined the rush of miners to Alaska. After spending a year there 
he returned to Seattle, where he has since lived. 

Elisha Henry Alvord attended the coimtry schools until 1880 and 
then entered the Territorial University of Washington, where he 
remained for six years, being graduated with the class of 1886 as 
valedictorian. He first engaged in the real estate business and con- 
tracting, but for many years he has given his attention to the study 
of mechanical problems. At the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition, 
held in Seattle in 1909, his single compartment press was awarded 
first prize, but he was not satisfied with his achievement in inventing 
this machine and continued at the task of constructing a multiple 
compartment machine that would be efficient, for he recognized the 
incalculable value of such an invention to the paper-pulp industry. 
Manufacturers and others actively interested in that business have 
for years been seeking just such a machine, and many other inventors 
have given much time and study to the problem of constructing a 
working machine of that character but their efforts have been un- 
successful. Mr. Alvord worked along lines radically different from 
those followed by other inventors, and has been successful where they 
met with failure. His machine has been subjected to the most rigid 
tests by master mechanics and mechanical engineers and has won 
their tmanimous praise, as it has proved eminently practical and effi- 
cient. Those best informed in regard to the paper-pulp industrj^ say 
that one such machine will save the manufacturer five to ten thou- 

458 (glisfta ^cntg aitiotP 

sand dollars a year. The fact that it is automatic, requiring no 
attention whatever after being once started, is an important point in 
its favor. It is said that it can turn out from five to ten times as much 
work as any other machine on the market and do so with a great sav- 
ing of cost and labor. It may safely be predicted that its general use 
will be an important factor in keeping down the constantly rising cost 
of white paper. Aside from its paramoimt importance to the paper- 
pulp industry, it has many other uses. It is so constructed that it can 
automatically briquette coal, minerals, mineral products and com- 
pounds. This has hitherto been impossible when great pressure is 
required together with large output, and it means a marked saving 
of time, labor and material. The machine is also adapted to extract 
oils and fluids, and it is expected that it will be used in the manufac- 
ture of cottonseed oil, linseed oil, olive oil, glucose, beet and cane 
sugar, mineral paints, wine, pharmaceutical compounds and fertiliz- 
ers. It is so constructed that it can be used in drying such materials 
as floated starch, talc, paint pigments, brewery grains, etc. 

Not only is Mr. Alvord a native of the state and a resident of 
Seattle for many years, but the machine is constructed of Washing- 
ton materials and built in Seattle. Capitalists of Tacoma were so 
favorably impressed by the trials of the machine that they offered to 
finance the erection of a factory to make the press, but financiers of 
Seattle informed Mr. Alvord that he could secure the necessary capital 
in this city. He began the construction of the machine with a bor- 
rowed capital of seven hundred and fifty dollars, the repayment of 
which was secured by his personal property. From this beginning he 
has not only completed the machine but has also fully protected his 
invention by patents, and he owns nearly a two-thirds interest in the 
Alvord Automatic Machines Company, of which he is president. 

Mr. Alvord takes the interest of a good citizen in public afi'airs 
but has been too much absorbed in his work to participate actively in 
politics. He is characterized by sterling integrity, by remarkable 
powers of concentration, and by a determination that refuses to be 
deterred by obstacles. Personally he is most agreeable and has won 
the warm friendship of many. It is generally recognized that his 
wonderful invention will add to the fame of Seattle. 

Jf ribolin Wilfjelm 

^MERICA has aptly been termed the land of oppor- 
tunity, for in no other country is there chance for 
such direct progress as the result of individual 
effort and merit as in the United States. This is 
evidenced in the careers of many notable men and 
finds exemplification in the history of Fridolin Wil- 
helm, now a capitahst of Seattle. He vi^as born in Germany, Septem- 
ber 14, 1841, and came of good German-Catholic parentage. His 
father was Nathan Wilhelm, who made farming his life work and 
lived to the advanced age of eighty-four years, having for a decade 
survived his wife. They reared a family of three sons and one 

Fridolin Wilhelm was educated in the school of Germany and 
there learned the cabinetmaker's trade. In 1858 he sailed for New 
Orleans, his father furnishing him the money for the passage, and 
after reaching the new world he spent one winter in school in Cincin- 
nati. He landed, however, at New Orleans and proceeded thence to 
Kentucky, where he was employed at cabinetmaking, a trade which 
he had learned in his native land. It was after this that he had the 
benefit of a winter's instruction in Cincinnati, and on the 1st of July, 
1863, he responded to the call of his adopted country for aid and 
enlisted as a volunteer of Battery E of the United States army, which 
was attached to the Ninth Army Corps. He was in the battle of the 
Wilderness and various other engagements, including the assault on 
Fort Sanders and the battle of Campbell's Station in eastern Ten- 
nessee. Following the surrender of General Lee he went with his 
command to Washington, where he participated in the Grand Review, 
the most remarkable military pageant ever seen on the western con- 
tinent. For a part of the time he had served as a wagoner in the 
quartermaster's department, and although he was never wounded, he 
suffered from yellow fever. With the close of the war his command 
was ordered to the Pacific coast in 1865, and the following year was 
ordered to Washington territory. He continued on active duty with 
the regular army until honorably discharged at San Juan island. 

It was at that time that Mr. Wilhelm came to Seattle, where he 
engaged in carpentering and building. He thus became closely con- 

462 jFtiPQlin muttelm 

nected with the improvement of the city and began making invest- 
ments in real estate, which in the course of years has brought 
splendid returns and now places him among the capitalists of the city. 
In 1876 he built his first home in Seattle on the lot now occupied by his 
present commodious and attractive residence. 

It was in that year that Mr. Willielm was united in marriage to 
Miss Regina Bolhert, a native of Germany, and to them have been 
born three sons and a daughter : John H., Frank Joseph, Fritz A. and 
Anna Regina, now the wife of Fred Kroeger, of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia. Mr. Wilhelm belongs to the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and to the Grand Army of the Republic, thus maintaining 
pleasant relations with the boys in blue. His political allegiance is 
given to the repubhcan party, but the honors and emoluments of office 
have no attraction for him. He has remained an active business man of 
the city since his arrival in 1868 and recently, in connection with W. G. 
Norris, who is mentioned elsewhere in this work, he has established a 
new city market at Third and Washington streets. His business inter- 
ests have been carefully conducted and success in substantial measvu-e 
is now his. 

OTalter WUmton MiUiamsi 


W^ away in Seattle on the 1st of March, 1915, had been 
w a resident of the city for more than a quarter of a 
*^' century. He was well known as a leader in musical 
circles here and his business connection was that of 
secretary of the Hofius Steel & Equipment Com- 
pany. His birth occurred in Swansea, Wales, on the 29th of April, 
1850, and when nineteen years of age he removed to Workington, 
England. The following is an excerpt from an English paper pvib- 
lished at the time of his demise. "Old Workingtonians and musi- 
cians throughout West Cumberland will learn with regret that Mr. 
Walter Winston Williams, the renowned conductor of the defunct 
Workington Vocal Union, is dead. . . . The deceased came to 
Workington with the late Ivander Griffiths, who was at the head of the 
Barepot contingent, and rendered great service to Mr. Griffiths in the 
furtherance of the Eisteddfod cause. As time wore on and the excep- 
tional musical knowledge and technique of Mr. Williams revealed 
itself he attracted towards him the whole of the singing talent in 
Workington and district. He was also a notable bass singer himself. 
When the Workington Vocal Union was formed the deceased with 
their common accord, was elected conductor. The Union soon leaped 
into local fame and jjopularity by the inspiration of his leadership and 
among their triumphs were the rendering of 'The Messiah,' 'Judas 
Maccabeus,' 'Elijah' and 'Israel in Egypt.' As a musical town which 
then reached its zenith Mr. Walter Williams was the pivot on which 
all revolved. He combined all the choirs and musicians of the town 
and district irrespective of denomination, and his departure to the 
United States with Mr. Peter Kirk proved to all an irreparable loss. 
They could not unite on any successor then and no one has since worn 
his musical mantle. The deceased at the period he left Workington 
was the secretary of the Moss Bay Company. He was an excellent 
business man and popular amongst all classes of the community. The 
wife of the deceased was the sister of Mr. Herbert Swinburne and 
a daughter of a well known Workingtonian." 

In 1888 Mr. Williams emigrated to the United States and came 
direct to Seattle, here spending the remainder of his life. In associa- 

466 maltet mimton mnuamfi 

tion with Leigh Hunt and Peter Kirk, he founded the town of Kirk- 
land on Lake Washington. For a number of years he was engaged 
in commercial pursuits and later became connected with the Hofius 
Steel & Equipment Company, serving as its secretary until his death. 
He was also director of the Pacific Warehouse Company, which 
erected the Maritime building and the Produce building. It was in 
musical circles, however, that he gained his greatest prominence, 
organizing a brass band in England that played in various cities and 
won numerous prizes. He also organized a male chou- and a mixed 
choir of two hundred and fifty voices in England and conducted the 
Seattle Male Voice Choir, whdch he had organized. 

Mr. WUliams was joined in wedlock in Workington, England, to 
Miss Mary Swinburne, a native of that country, by whom he had nine 
children, who still survive him, as follows : W. Mervyn, a resident of 
Olympia; Mrs. Douglas Ross, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and 
Aubrey S., Eldred V., Marian S., Eleanor A., Stanley E., Juanita C. 
and Herbert W. Williams, aU of Seattle. 

Mr. Williams died at his home at No. 1427 Thirty-fifth avenue, 
Seattle, March 1, 1915, from an attack of heart failm-e, following his 
attendance at the Welsh concert held at Douglas Hall, Tenth avenue 
and Pine street. His demise was the occasion of deep and widespread 
regret, for he had gained an extensive circle of warm friends in the 
city and especially among the Welsh. In early manhood Mr. Wil- 
liams was a member of the Welsh chm-ch but after his marriage joined 
the Episcopal church. He gave his poUtical allegiance to the repub- 
lican party and was a worthy exemplar of the Masonic fraternity. 
Mrs. Williams, who svuT^ives him, is well known and highly esteemed 
in the city where she has now resided for a period of twenty-seven 

f ofjn ^. Cage? 

JOHN T. CASEY, a member of the Seattle bar, was 
born in Pierce county, Wisconsin. His parents were 
Bernard J. and Ellen Elizabeth (Murphy) Casey, 
both of whom came from Ireland in the '50s, when 
still quite young. They were married in Boston, 
Massachusetts, on the 6th of October, 1863, and 
})ecame the parents of sixteen children, of whom ten sons and four 
daughters are still living. They celebrated their golden wedding in 
Seattle, October 6, 1913, when a solemn nuptial high mass at the 
Immaculate Conception church was said by three of their own sons, 
who are Catholic priests and brothers of John T. Casey. 

John T. Casey attended the common schools and the law depart- 
ment of the University of Wisconsin, winning the LL. B. degree on 
the 24th of June, 1896. In early manhood he engaged in bookkeep- 
ing and school teaching but since preparing for the bar has concen- 
trated his energies upon his professional activities. Removing to the 
west, he served in the prosecuting attorney's office in Deer Lodge 
county, Montana, from 1899 until 1901, when he removed to Seattle 
and has won a creditable position in professional circles. He was 
nominated for superior court judge in the direct primaries in 1910 
and again in 1912 but being a democrat was not elected. He is 
strongly imbued with the idea of curbing the encroachment of monop- 
oly on the rights of the people in whatever form it may appear and 
believes every effort must be made to banish the evil influences of 
special privilege from legislation and especially from the courts, where 
poor people having rights to be adjudicated should receive equally 
fair treatment with the strong and powerful. In a word, he holds to 
high standards of citizenship and of civic honor and has made his own 
life conform with his high ideals. 

Mr. Casey is a widower, having lost his young wife in 1908. He 
has a little daughter, Mary Helena, now ten years of age. He was 
chief ranger in the Immaculate Conception Court, Catholic Order of 
Foresters, in 1911 and 1912 and was deputy grand knight of Seattle 
Council 676, Knights of Columbus, in 1907. He is also a member of 
the Ancient Order of Hibernians and the Seattle Commercial Club, 
and his interest in citizenship is such as to insure his active coopera- 
tion in many well defined plans and measures for the public welfare. 



Clpbe 1, Movvi^ 

|LYDE L. MORRIS, a well known contractor and the 
president of the Washington State Good Roads 
Association, belongs to that public-spirited, useful 
and helpful type of men whose ambitions and desires 
are centered and directed in those channels through 
which flows the greatest and most permanent good 
to the greatest number. While his chief life work has been that of 
contracting, and he has won substantial success along that line, the 
range of his activities and the scope of his influence have nevertheless 
reached far beyond that special field. He is a native son of the north- 
west and possesses the spirit of determination and enterprise which 
has been the dominant factor in the upbuilding of this section of the 

His birth occurred at Pomeroy, Washington, September 2, 1876, 
and he accompanied his parents on their removals to San Francisco, 
to Port Townsend and to Seattle. He attended the public schools of 
the first two mentioned cities and later removed to Seattle, where he 
became a pupil in a commercial school. As a boy, when not attend- 
ing school, he sold newspapers and worked as errand and delivery boy 
in various lines of business. In early life his attention was directed 
to farming and later he took up mining, while subsequently he entered 
the field of general contracting. In the latter part of the '90s, while 
employed as bookkeeper for a British Columbia mining company, by 
doing his accounting work nights, he worked his way through every 
department of the mine from "mucker" to "miner," and thus earned 
promotion to the management of the company, which position he held 
until he went to Nome, Alaska, at the time of the great gold excite- 
ment, in the spring of 1900. He has since had important business 
interests in that country. He engaged in mining and contracting in 
Alaska for four consecutive years. In 1901, on May 24, when the 
steamer "Jeannie" arrived at Nome and dropped her anchor at the 
edge of the ice two miles from land, Mr. Morris took the contract and 
successfully landed the thousand tons of freight over the sea ice to the 
people of Nome. In spite of the almost impassable "tundra" in the 
summer and the snows and blizzards of winter, in the operation of 

474 ClgPe £. Qgotng 

freight and stage Knes he delivered thousands of tons of freight and 
supplies to the interior of Seward peninsula. 

He built the farthest north railroad in the world and installed 
hydi-aulic systems to the value of several milhon dollars. He has also 
done considerable contract work in Washington and British Colum- 
bia. As a contractor in Alaska he at one time maintained an outfit of 
two hundred and twenty-five horses and one thousand men and his 
daily pay roll amounted to seven thousand dollars. This was con- 
ceded to be the largest and best equipment in the north for railroad 
and ditch construction. He built some three hundred miles of ditches 
and hydraulic systems, one hundred miles of railroad, and some gov- 
ermnent highways. Since the period of his continuous sojourn in 
Alaska he has maintained offices in the Pioneer and Arcade buildings 
in Seattle and from this point has directed large operations in Wash- 
ington, British Columbia and Alaska. His contract work has ever 
been of a most important character and has contributed much to the 
development of the districts in which he has operated. Aside from his 
interests along that line he is a director of the National City Bank and 
has agricultural interests in both eastern and western Washington. 

Mr. Morris was married at Seattle, May 1, 1906, and has one 
daughter, Clydene. In his political views Mr. Morris has long been 
a republican and has been a delegate to various county conventions 
and two state conventions. He prefers, however, that his public serv- 
ice shall be done in other connections rather than as an office holder 
and his work has indeed been of great benefit to the public along 
various lines. He is a life member of the Arctic Club and the Tilli- 
kums of Elttaes and he also has membership in the Rainier Club, the 
Automobile Club, the Chamber of Commerce and the Municipal 
League. He served for two terms as a trustee and two terms as presi- 
dent of the Arctic Club and contributed in no small degi-ee toward the 
successful completion of the project for the erection of the luxurious 
home of the Arctic Club. During his presidency of the Ai-ctic Club 
and since that time he has been a tireless worker in the interests of 
securing beneficial legislation for Alaska and has been one of the fac- 
tors in securing the opening of the resources of that territory. In the 
Automobile Club he is a past president and is now serving as a trus- 
tee. In the Municipal League he has been a member of the road and 
bridge committee. He likewise belongs to the Washington State Art 
Association and the Press Association. In November, 1913, at the 
fourteenth annual convention of the Washington State Good Roads 
Association held at North Yakima, he was elected without opposition 
to the office of president, having the distinction of being the first native 

ClpDc L« Qgortig 475 

son of Washington chosen to that position. His business has been of 
a nature that has contributed to public progress, and his activities out- 
side of business have largely been directed along those lines which 
have for their object public improvement and the advancement of the 
general welfare. His course at all times has marked him as a citizen 
of worth, and high regard is entertained for his business ability, his 
executive force and his devotion to Seattle, the state of Washington 
and Alaska. 

CB^^^t^-^^^-i^ * 

<§otttoertj) lebrecftt Cancer 


G^j^ tral figure on the state of mining activity in the north- 
C 1 west, being now the president and general manager 
u5 of the Western Smelting & Power Company, and the 
owner of a controlling interest in the Manhattan 
Edee Mining Company of Nevada. Individual abil- 
ity has brought him to his present position of prominence, liberal 
education and scientific training qualifying him to assume the im- 
portant responsibilities which devolve upon him. He was born at 
Troebnitz, Sachs, Altenburg, Germany, June 14, 1863. His father, 
Wilhelm Franz Tanzer, who died in 1887, was considered one of the 
greatest architects. He built several fine churches, schools, monu- 
ments and solid stone bridges over rivers and time has not been able 
to weaken or destroy these. He married Wilhehnine Koerner, a 
daughter of Grottfried Koerner, of Rausdorf, near Roda, Germany, 
who was a wealthy landowner. 

In the schools of Altenburg and Breslau Gottwerth L. Tanzer 
pursued his education, liberal advantages being afforded him, and 
after coming to America in 1885 he passed the examination for phar- 
macist and chemist before the Illinois state board of pharmacy in 1898, 
Later he engaged in the drug business and analytical laboratory work 
until May, 1902, and in 1903 was appointed city chemist of Seattle 
and special state chemist for the state of Washington, the city labora- 
tory of Seattle being established through his efforts. Comprehensive 
scientific knowledge has enabled him to assume heavy and important 
responsibilities along those lines and his recognized ability has led to 
his cooperation being sought in the conduct of various corporations. 
In 1908 he was elected president of the Northern Texada Mines, Ltd., 
which shipped over sixteen thousand tons of ore to the smelters during 
his management. He was also elected president and general manager 
of the Western Smelting & Power Company, which has very valuable 
holdings near Yellowstone National Park in Montana. In these he 
owns a controlling interest as he also does in the Manhattan Edee 
Mining Company of Nevada, and he likewise has valuable holdings 
of improved real estate in Seattle and a large acreage in adjoining 
counties. His investments have been wisely and judiciously made 

480 (gotttoertb JLe&ceci)t Catifer 

and both his property and business holdings return to him a most 
gratifying annual income. In the field of chemistry he has passed far 
beyond the point of mediocrity and stands among the able and emi- 
nent few and he is well known as the author of "The Analysis of the 
Electric Current, Heat, Light and Sound," 

In 1886, in Chicago, Illinois, Mr, Tanzer was married to Miss 
Lina Trenne, a daughter of August and Justine Trenne, Their liv- 
ing children are: WiUiam, twenty-one years of age, who was a twin; 
Alice, twenty years of age ; Freda, aged eighteen ; Ruth, who was also 
a twin and who is f oiu-teen years of age ; and Max, eleven. AU are 
still single and attending school. Seven children of the family died 
in Chicago. 

Mr. Tanzer served in the German army in the Jaeger Batl., No. 
4 (Sharpshooters), from 1881 until 1883, which covers his military 
experience. His political allegiance is given to the republican party 
where national issues are involved, but he casts a nonpartisan ballot in 
mimicipal, coimty and state elections. He is a prominent Mason, hav- 
ing attained the Knights Templar degree and the thirty-second degree 
in the Scottish Rite, while the honorary thirty-third degree has also 
been conferred upon him. He is likewise a Noble of the Mystic 
Shrine. He belongs to the Arctic Club of Seattle and is president 
of several German societies. He is a typical son of the fatherland 
with the love of scientific research and investigation characteristic of 
his fellow countrymen. At the same time he is thoroughly American 
in spirit and interests, manifesting unfaltering loyalty to his adopted 
covmtry and being especially interested and active in support of well 
defined and practical measures for the upbuilding and development of 

4c:cA^^^^ C 

iSicljoto C. ftealp 

^ORTY-THREE years have been added to the cycle of 
the centuries since Nicholas C. Healy became a fac- 
tor in the development of the lumber industry of the 
northwest. He knows every phase of the business 
and is competent to speak authoritatively upon the 
subject, for he has not only watched its development 
but has been an active factor therein through more than four decades. 
Today he holds extensive timber producing properties both in Wash- 
ington and British Columbia. 

Mr. Healy is a Canadian by birth, having first opened his eyes to 
the light of day on a farm at Goderich in the province of Ontario, 
October 8, 1852, his parents being Michael and Julia Ann (McArty) 
Healy. To the age of sixteen he remained upon the home farm and 
alternated the work of the fields with attendance at the district schools. 
He then went to Michigan and entered upon active connection with 
the business in which he has since been engaged, being employed in the 
pine woods near Alpena. He soon became an expert workman at the 
task known as "swamping" in Michigan and as "tending hook" in 
Washington. After three years devoted to that work, the winter 
months being spent in the woods and the summer seasons in the saw- 
mill, he came to the northwest, attracted by the accounts of the big 
timber of the Pacific northwest. This was in the year 1872 and Olym- 
pia was liis destination. He spent some time at the Port Madison 
mill, where he worked on a "boom," and then went to Kalama, where 
he was employed in clearing the right of way for the Northern Pacific 
Railway. He passed his first Christmas Day in Washington in build- 
ing a log camp for the railway company on the present site of Kalama. 
When the news of the gold discoverey on the Peace river in British 
Columbia reached him, he decided to seek his fortune in the mines and 
left Washington on the 1st day of May, 1873, devoting the succeeding 
two years to prospecting. In the fall of 1875, however, he again 
engaged in the lumber business, entering the employ of Jerrj^ Rogers, 
a well known Canadian lumberman, at Bird's Inlet, British Columbia. 
He worked as a hook tender on False Creek, on the site now occupied 
by the city of Vancouver, but after three years he returned to Wash- 
ington and as hook tender entered the employ of Blackman Brothers 

484 JOicftolag €♦ l^calg 

at Snohomish, where he spent two years. He afterward spent four 
years as foreman of the camp, having charge at that time of a crew of 
twenty-five men, which was considered a large number in those days. 
While working in the woods Mr, Healy was noted for his skill as a 
hook tender, possessing superior skill in getting logs out of the dense 
undergrowth. On one occasion he brought out a "stick" one hundred 
and fifty-four feet long, which was sent to the Midwinter Exposition 
at San Francisco. 

While for some years Mr. Healy remained in the employ of others, 
his laudable ambition prompted him to utilize his opportunities to the 
best advantage and in due course of time, when his financial resources 
were adequate, he organized the logging firm of Healy & Siseo in 1895 
and began operations on the Ebey slough. For eight years they were 
engaged in furnishing logs to the Port Blakeley Mill and to smaller 
concerns. In 1897 Mr. Healy became connected with Chai'les H. 
Cobb, E. S. Kerry, M. F. Backus and Mr. Sisco in establishing the 
Port Susan Logging Company, an enterprise that through the suc- 
ceeding decade operated very extensively in Snohomish county. Mr. 
Healy was vice president and general manager of the company and 
also became a trustee and general manager of the International Tim- 
ber Company of British Columbia. He was also chosen vice president 
and general manager of the Marysville and Arlington Railway Com- 
pany and secretary of the Cobb-Healy Investment Company of 

On the 12th of January, 1888, Mr. Healy wedded Miss Estella 
Comford, a daughter of James and Maria Comford. She passed 
away in 1898, leaving six children, namely: Eugene, Maria, John, 
lUoyne, Nicholas and Estella. Mr. Healy is prominent in the Ma- 
sonic and Odd Fellows fraternities, and also belongs to the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks. He is likewise a member of the Rainier 
Club of Seattle and the Cascade Club of Everett. Such in brief is the 
history of one of the prominent lumbermen of the northwest. The 
steps in his orderly progression are easily discernible and indicate how 
closely he has applied himself to the work in hand and how strenu- 
ously he has labored to achieve success. Perseverance and determina- 
tion have enabled him to overcome many obstacles and step by step 
he has neared the goal of prosperity. He derives genuine pleasure 
from the solution of difl^cult business problems and the actual practi- 
cal experience of his early years now proves a most potent factor in 
the successful conduct of his extensive and important interests. 

IRS. E. ARLITA ADAMS has entered a field in which 

M^\ few women have taken part, but her ability and re- 
^ sourcefulness have brought her to a prominent posi- 
^ tion, making her one of the foremost patent attorneys 
of the northwest. She has won distinction and honor 
along more than one line in Seattle and certainly 
deserves mention as one of the representative residents of the metrop- 
olis of the northwest. She was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, June 
18, 1874, a daughter of Ira B. and Arlita (Yates) Hewitt, the latter 
a descendant of Governor Yates of Illinois. In the paternal line she 
comes of Scotch ancestry, the family in America, however, antedating 
the Revolutionary war period. On the mother's side she comes of 
Revolutionary stock of Scotch-Spanish descent. Her grandfather 
had the distinction of having fired the last shot in the Mexican war, 
which came about by accident, however. He was deaf and failed to 
hear the order to stop firing when the officers discovered that the white 
flag had been raised. The last shot was the subject of investigation, 
but the offender was exonerated when it was discovered that he could 
not hear. The father of Mrs. Adams, Ira B. Hewitt, was a soldier 
of the Civil war, serving as a member of Company I, Mounted Rang- 
ers of Minnesota, fighting the Indians on the frontier, being stationed 
at Fort Snelling. 

Mrs. Adams attended the Minneapolis public schools, passing 
through consecutive grades to the high school, and afterward spent 
three years as a student in the University of Washington. On the 
27th of October, 1889, she gave her hand in marriage to Frank E. 
Adams, a registered patent attorney and mechanical engineer, who 
was the oldest representative of his branch of the profession in Seattle. 
He was born in Bristol, England, in 1870 and was but two years of 
age when brought by his parents, Isaac and Sarah (Bryant) Adams, 
to America. The family resided for a time in Duluth and afterward 
in Brainerd, Minnesota, before removing to Minneapolis, where the 
father continued practice as a mining engineer. Both he and his wife 
died when about seventy years of age. 

Frank E. Adams was one of a family of six children. He attended 
the public schools of Minneapolis and afterward the State University 

488 Qits« (g. atlita apamg 

of Minnesota and his practical training was received as an apprentice 
in the machine shops and drafting department of the North Star Iron 
Works at Minneapohs. Subsequently he was employed as draftsman 
and mechanical designer by various firms in many of the largest cities 
of the United States, thus adding constantly to his experience, his 
knowledge and his efficiency. The year 1890 witnessed his arrival in 
Seattle, where he entered the city engineer's office. Some time after- 
ward he opened an office for the private practice of his profession and 
for a time he devoted his earnings to the study of patent law, becom- 
ing capable of designing all classes of machinery and skillfully prepar- 
ing and prosecuting applications for patents. He was a registered 
patent attorney in both the United States and Canada and also con- 
ducted the prosecution of patents in foreign lands. He was one of 
the first to engage in practice as a patent attorney in Seattle and his 
abihty in that direction brought him prominently before the public. 

Mr. Adams was also widely known as a leader in the ranks of the 
republican party in the northwest. He was frequently a delegate to 
city and county conventions and in 1895, when a candidate for fire 
commissioner, received the largest majority given to any man on the 
republican ticket. He had an interesting military experience, for in 
1891 he became a member of the Washington National Guard, enter- 
ing Company D, which was soon called out for active duty in quelling 
the Franklin and Gilman coal riots. He was advanced to the rank of 
fii-st sergeant of his company and in that capacity took part in the 
Northern Pacific strike in 1894. From the rank of first sergeant he 
rose at one step to that of captain and thus commanded a detachment 
on the Columbia river during the fishing strike, in which he was out for 
ninety days, and he received the highest praise for his service from the 
adjutant general of the state in his biennial report covering that 
period. At the first call for troops for the Spanish- American war he 
volunteered and his company was the first mustered in from Washing- 
ton, becoming known as Company D, First Washington Infantry. 
The command was sent immediately to San Francisco and after spend- 
ing several months at the Presidio sailed for the Philippines in 
October. Captain Adams served diu-ing the greater part of the time 
with the rank of major and received mention for distinguished service 
in battle. One month before his regiment left for the Philippines he 
was ordered to San Francisco because of ill health and later was dis- 
charged with the others of his regiment, returning to Seattle. 

Mrs. Adams accompanied her husband on his trip to the Philip- 
pines and upon their return they engaged in practice as patent attor- 
neys at Seattle until the death of Captain Adams, which occurred 

90ts, (g, atUta aoamg 489 

September 8, 1912, as the result of an operation brought about by- 
illness contracted dui-ing his residence in the Philippines thirteen years 
before. They became the parents of a daughter, Viviaime Ai'Uta, who 
was born in Seattle and is now twenty-three years old. 

Captain Adams had an extensive circle of warm friends in Seat- 
tle, where much of his life was passed. He had started in business 
there with Fred Ames, comity sm-veyor, and dm'ing their year's con- 
nection they engaged in civil and mechanical engineering and did such 
patent work as was to be secured, in which connection Captain Adams 
was frequently sent to Washington, D. C, to give expert testimony. 

Mrs. Adams joined her husband in active practice in 1901, after 
having previously been in his office for two years. In 1906 they formed 
a partnership with Stephen A. Brooks, of Washington, D. C., which 
connection existed imtil the death of Mr. Brooks, December 18, 1914. 
On January 1, 1915, Mrs. Adams formed a partnership with Henry 
L. Reynolds, formerly examiner in the United States patent office, 
the name of the firm being Adams & Reynolds. She was admitted to 
the bar as a patent attorney in 1901 and has since made a specialty of 
patent cases. She was one of the first women in the United States 
admitted to practice patent law and is the only woman patent attorney 
west of Chicago. She was also the first woman on the firing line in the 
Phihppine islands, arriving at Manila five days before the outbreak 
of hostilities. Mrs. Adams is a member of the Chamber of Commerce 
and has the distinction of being the only woman member of the Com- 
mercial Club. She votes with the republican party but is not active in 
politics, and her religious faith is that of the Episcopal church. She 
maintains her residence in winter at the Washington Hotel and has a 
summer home on Mercer island. Pronoimced ability has brought her 
prominently to the front and she occupies a distinguished if unique 
position in connection with professional circles. 

fogep!) iWalcolm Clapp 

JOSEPH MALCOLM CLAPP, who has been iden- 
tified with many important civil engineering projects, 
devoting his entire life to professional duties since 
his graduation from the Royal Military College at 
Kingston, Canada, as civil and military engineer, 
was born at Milford, Prince Edward county, Ontario, 
November 2, 1866. He is a descendant in the eleventh generation of 
an ancestor whose name is unknown but who was a resident of Devon 
county, England, and was the father of Richard Clapp, whose son, 
George Gilson, and his four brothers, Thomas, Nicholas, Rodger and 
Edward, came to America between the years 1630 and 1640. During 
the same decade his wife crossed the Atlantic and their marriage was 
blessed by one child, born in South Carolina. George Gilson was the 
direct ancestor of Joseph Malcolm Clapp in the third generation, from 
whom the line is traced down through John, John, Elias and Joseph. 
The last named wedded Mercy Carpenter and they had six children, 
Elias, Nathaniel, Joseph, Benjamin, James and Henry. Of this 
family, Joseph Clapp, the direct ancestor in the eighth generation, had 
eight children, Sarah, Phillip, Catherine, Patience, James, George, 
Samuel and Joseph. Of these James married Jane Sproule and they 
were the grandparents of Joseph Malcolm Clapp. In their family 
were the following children: Joseph, John, Robert, William H., 
Jane and Samuel. The third of these, Robert Clapp, married Nancy 
Fegan and their children were Philena, Annie Jane, John, Eliza, 
Joseph Malcolm, Harry and Robert M. The father was United 
States consular agent at Picton, Ontario, from 1866 until 1888. 
Counselor at law, he also served as warden of the county and was 
county leader of the conservative party for many years. He proved 
a capable public official, one who enjoyed the highest regard and 
esteem of those who lived in his locality. Two families of the Clapps 
came to America in the seventeenth century and all settled in New 
England save Dr. George Gilson Clapp, who first took up his abode 
in North or South Carolina and afterward settled in Dutchess county, 
New York. 

Joseph Malcolm Clapp, pursuing his education in the Royal Mili- 
tary College at Kingston, Canada, completed a course in civil and 

494 3IOiggpi) Qgalcolm Clapp 

military engineering by graduation with the class of June 27, 1887. 
He refused a commission in the Royal Artillery Infantry and Cav- 
alry and accepted a position as rodman in the location and construc- 
tion of the San Gabriel Rapid Transit Railway in Los Angeles, 
California, being thus employed from November, 1887, until Feb- 
ruary, 1888. From the latter date until May, 1889, he was engaged 
as topographer, leveler, transit man and chainman with the Southern 
Pacific Railway Company in California, working xmder William 
Hood, and also on the central irrigation district in the Sacramento 
valley. In May, 1889, he was appointed an instrulnent man in con- 
nection with the United States engineering department and assisted 
in the survey of the Oregon coast harbors. In August of that year 
he received the appointment of United States assistant engineer and 
was the principal assistant engineer of the Seattle district from May, 
1896, imtil February, 1911, when he resigned to go into business on 
his own accoimt. He assisted in making the designs in the constrvic- 
tion work of the jetties at Gray's Harbor, Washington, in the design 
and improvement of Willapa Harbor, Everett Harbor, Bellingham 
Harbor, harbors in Montana and Idaho, including those on the 
Upper Columbia, Snake and Clear Water rivers. He had charge 
of the survey for the wagon road between the Gulf of Alaska and 
the Yukon river for the United States government and designed 
the harbor for Katalla, Alaska. His work has ever been of a most 
important character involving a clear understanding of broad scien- 
tific principles as well as all of the phases of practical workmanship. 
He promoted, located and sold to the Union Pacific Railway the 
Gray's Harbor & Puget Sound Railway from Hoquiam, Washington, 
to Centralia, and the line now carries the cars of the Oregon- 
Washington Railway & Navigation Company and the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railway Company to Gray's Harbor. For about 
twenty-one years he served as assistant to the United States engineer 
at either Portland, Oregon, or Seattle, Washington, while the de- 
fenses of Puget Sound were being surveyed and constructed. He 
was chief engineer of waterway district No. 1 of King coimty, during 
which time he had charge of all surveys, design and location of the 
ship canal up the Duwamish valley at Seattle. He has been prac- 
ticing as a consulting and contracting civil engineer since 1911 and 
his business has become most extensive and of a most important 

On the 27th of December, 1892, Mr. Clapp was married at Pen- 
dleton, Oregon, to Miss Helen A. Simith, a daughter of S. A. and 
Sarah (Grubbe) Smith, and to them was born one child, Helen 

31oscpt) Qgalcolm Clapp 495 

Cameron, whose natal day was June 16, 1897. Mr. Clapp was mar- 
ried again at Picton, Ontario, January 27, 1913, to Miss Alice M. 
Phillips, a daughter of Thomas and Mary (Walker) Phillips. 

Their religious faith is that of the Episcopal chm-ch and in poli- 
tics Mr. Clapp is a consistent republican, believing in tariflf for pro- 
tection to American manufacturers and labor against foreign made 
goods by cheap foreign labor and has lent his efforts to that end by 
voting the straight republican ticket. Fraternally he is connected 
with the Masons, is a member of the blue lodge, the Scottish Rite and 
the Mystic Shrine, and he is also connected with the Woodmen of 
the World and the Brotherhood of American Yeomen, and is a mem- 
ber of the Sons of the American Revolution. In club circles, too, he 
is well known, holding membership with the Arctic, Commercial, 
Canadian and Republican Clubs of Seattle. He finds time for social 
interests and recreation which maintain the even balance of life and 
is as well a most busy man in his profession, in which he has made 
steady advancement, working his way upward through his own pow- 
ers and ability, his experience and study continually bringing him 
wider knowledge and greater efficiency. The natm-e of the projects 
with which he has been identified indicate most clearly his high pro- 
fessional standing. 



aaotjert ^, ftultjert 

>HE ancestry of the Hulbert family is traced back to 
Scotland, the name Hulbert being derived from 
Whirlbot. In the early days the highland Scotch 
chiefs fought with a weapon called the whil hot, a hot 
which was whirled when thrown at the enemy. His 
ancestors became so proficient and their skill so great 
with that weapon that they were called the whirl hots, and in the later 
centuries the name has been corrupted and changed until it is the 
Hulbert of today. Representatives of the name in remote genera- 
tions came to America during colonial days and at the time of the 
Revolutionary war members of the family served in the war for 
independence, so that Robert A. Hvdbert is eligible to membership 
in the Sons of the Revolution. His parents were Ansel and Lucinda 
(Cottle) Hulbert, who crossed the plains with an emigrant train and 
were forced to fight the Indians when en route. They were among 
the earliest settlers of Seattle and the Sound country, the father hav- 
ing been one of the pioneer lumbemien of the northwest. 

Their son, Robert A. Hulbert, born in Seattle, March 10, 1864, 
pursued his education in the public and private schools and in Wash- 
ington University. Starting in the business world he was first as- 
sociated with his father in the lumber trade and is still interested in 
lumber. He gained a wide business experience with his father and 
learned to deal with all classes of men, this giving him a broad out- 
look of life and a comprehensive understanding of men and their 
motives. He turned from the lumber trade, however, to the pro- 
fession of law and after preparing for the bar began practice in 
Everett. His clientage, however, steadily extended over the state 
and grew to such proportions in Seattle that he returned to his native 
city, where he is now practicing as a member of the firm of Ballinger, 
Battle, Hulbert & Shorts. They engage in general law practice and 
represent some of the largest corporations of the northwest, their 
clientage being very extensive and of a most important character. 
Mr. Hulbert is still interested in real estate and in the lumber in- 
dustry, having holdings in both throughout Washington but he is first 
and last a lawyer, enamored of his profession and giving to his clients 
the benefit of great talent, unwearied industry and rare learning. 

500 Uobett ^, ^uldett 

Nevertheless, he does not forget that there are certain things due to 
the court, to his own self respect and above all, to justice and a 
righteous administration of the law which neither the zeal of an 
advocate nor the pleasm-e of success permits him to disregard. 

On the 30th of June, 1906, Mr. Hulbert was married to Miss 
Margaret Gooch, who is of English parentage. He has two daugh- 
ters by a former marriage : Mrs. Vivian Wayne Murray, of Ellens- 
bm-g; and Mildred, at home. In politics he is a republican but is 
interested in politics only as it affects city, state and country, having 
no ambition for public office. The only political position that he has 
ever filled was that of county clerk of Snohomish county, in which 
capacity he served for two terms. Fraternally he is an Elk, a Knight 
of Pythias and an Odd Fellow and he is prominent in various rela- 
tionships, holding membership in the Rainier and Seattle Golf and 
Country Clubs, the Cascade Club of Everett, the Automobile Club 
and the Native Sons of Washington. He is likewise a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce and in sympathy with its purposes and plans 
for the improvement and upbuilding of the city, while along strictly 
professional lines his connection is with the Bar Association of Seat- 
tle, the Bar Association of Washington and the National Bar 
Association. Thoroughness has characterized his activities in every 
connection and wisely using the talents and intellectual force with 
which nature endowed him, he has come to rank with the distinguished 
lawyers of the northwest. 

mtUtam Walker 

jXTENSIVE and important are the business interests 
which claim the attention and which profit by the 
direction of William Walker, a capitalist, largely in- 
terested in the Puget Mill Company and the Puget 
Sound Commercial Company, his identification with 
the latter being that of vice president. Ready dis- 
cernment of advantages of a situation, a quickness in discriminating 
between the essential and the nonessential features of business, a 
notable power in combining unrelated and ofttimes seemingly diverse 
elements into a unified and harmonious whole have been salient fea- 
tures in his career. He made his start in the business world at the 
age of fifteen years, previous to which time his training had been that 
of farm life with the further advantages of a public school and acade- 
mic education, the latter acquired in Skowhegan, Maine. 

A native of the Pine Tree state, William Walker was born in 
Solon, November 1, 1840, a son of James Martin and Eliza (Heald) 
Walker. The family is of ancient Scotch lineage, removing to the 
north of Ireland in the reign of James I. The line of descent of 
William Walker is as follows: I. Rev. George Walker lived in Lon- 
donderry, Ireland, and died there in 1689. II. Andrew Walker 
settled at Tewksberry, Massachusetts, and died there in 1739. He 
was an uncle of General John Stark, of Revolutionary fame. III. 
James Walker, of Goffstown, New Hampshire, married a daughter 
of Colonel John GofF, for whom that town was named. IV. Silas 
Walker, of Goffstown. V. William Walker was born in Manchester, 
New Hampshire, in 1770 and served in the War of 1812. VI. James 
Martin Walker, born in Goffstown in 1798, married Eliza Heald, a 
daughter of Colonel Jonas Heald, of Acton, New Hampshire. VII. 
Cyrus Walker. VIII. William Walker. 

Leaving the farm at the age of fifteen years, William Walker was 
employed for a brief period in a carriage factory and for some time 
in a machine shop in Skowhegan, Maine, and he became the owner of 
a one-fourth interest in a chisel and skate factory in Skowhegan. The 
year 1868 witnessed his arrival in Washington, whither he came for 
the purpose of visiting his brother Cyrus, making the journey by way 

504 mnuam maim 

of Panama and Aspinwall. Here he remained until the overland 
railway to California was completed and by that road he returned to 
his home in New England. But the west had taken firm hold upon 
him and he immediately disposed of his interests in the chisel and skate 
factory at a loss and with his family returned to this state in 1870. 
Settling at Port Gamble, he became master mechanic with the Puget 
Mill Company and was advanced to the position of engineer in chief, 
his time being thus spent for seven years. In 1877 he purchased stock 
in the Puget Mill Company, which has always been a close corpora- 
tion, Mr. Walker being the only man outside of the original owners 
and their heirs to become a stockholder in the business. The same 
year the Puget Sound Commercial Company was organized as an 
accessory enterprise to the Puget Mill Company, for the purpose of 
owning and operating vessels to carry the mill product and conduct a 
general carrying trade to foreign ports. The Puget Mill Company 
is a California corporation, while the Puget Sound Commercial Com- 
pany is a strictly Wasliington corporation, of which Cyrus Walker 
has been president and William Walker the vice president from the 
beginning. Various subsidiary companies have been instituted from 
time to time and many investments have been made in timber lands, 
which have largely increased in value. The Puget Mill Company 
has developed many tracts in Seattle and laid out many desirable city 
additions. William Walker is especially efficient in the indispensable 
technical details of manufacturing. He has done much to adopt east- 
ern models in order to handle the timber of this coast. He made a 
number of important innovations which he did not patent that are 
now in general and unrestricted use and he is regarded as the main 
factor in the evolution of mill machinery in the northwest and in the 
development of technical milling operations. To him work of that 
kind is a genuine pleasure and he has been an ardent student in that 
field, making improvements continually. 

On the 24th of January, 1864, in Skowhegan, Maine, Mr. Walker 
was married to Miss Emma Jane Williams, who was a daughter of 
C. A. Williams, and who passed away July 6, 1910, leaving one child, 
Maud, now the wife of Edwin G. Ames, of Seattle. 

Mr. Walker is an active and prominent Mason, holding member- 
ship in Franklin Lodge, No. 5, F. & A. M., of Fort Gamble, which 
was the second Masonic lodge instituted in the state. He is also a 
Knight Templar Mason and has attained the thirty-second degree in 
Lawson Consistory. He belongs to the Rainier Club and is a life 
member of both the Arctic and the Seattle Athletic Clubs. In a 
history of commercial development having to do with the utilization 

mniiam mmet 


of the natural resources of the northwest his name figures promi- 
nently, his labors having constituted a dynamic force. He early had 
the prescience to discern something of what the future had in store 
for this great and growing western country and, acting according to 
the dictates of his faith and judgment, he has reaped in the fullness 
of time the rich harvests of his labors and also the aftermath. 



aUretr emersion i^nott 

III^^^LFRED EMERSON KNOFF was born in Chey- 
enne, Wyoming, May 2, 1882, and is the eldest son 
of John J. and Nelhe M. KnofF. With his parents 
he came to Seattle in the fail of 1883, when the North- 
ern Pacific Railway Company extended their railroad 
to the Pacific northwest. He attended the Seattle 
public schools, and by carrying newspapers after school he earned 
enough money at the age of thirteen to enter the Acme Business Col- 
lege. Three days after finishing his course and at the age of fourteen 
he entered the employ of the Seattle Hardware Company, as office 
boy. After three years spent in the hardware business he was hired as 
clerk by O. D. Colvin, then sales agent for the Washburn-Moen 
department of the American Steel & Wire Company, the latter con- 
cern having just been formed by John W. Gates. This was in the year 
1900. In April, 1904, and at the age of twenty-two, he had worked 
his way up to manager of the Seattle office of the above company, 
which enjoys a very large business in this territory and Alaska. The 
American Steel & Wire Company is a subsidiary of the United States 
Steel Corporation, whose selling organization on the Pacific coast is 
under the name of the United States Steel Products Company. Mr. 
Knoff 's present official title is sales agent, and he controls, through his 
high reputation, fair dealings and enviable popularity, a large and 
growing business. 

On June 9, 1903, in Seattle, Mr. KnoiF was united in marriage to 
Miss Ethel Filkins, a daughter of the late Dr. John W. Filkins and 
Mrs. Clarinda E. Filkins, residing in this city, both early residents of 
Seattle. They now have one son and two daughters, namely, John 
Filkins, Dorothy and Margaret, who are eleven, six and three years 
of age respectively. 

Mr. Knoff and his family reside, when in the city, at their home on 
Queen Anne Hill, the district where in the early days he made enough 
money carrying newspapers after school to go to business college, and 
in the summer he spends his time outside of business hours with his 
family at his country home at Three Tree Point. 

While very modest in his ways, Mr. Knoif takes a keen interest in 
civic and club life. He is a member of long standing in the Seattle 

510 aifteP (gmetson l&mtt 

Chamber of Commerce and has just completed a three year term as 
trustee. He is very popular in club life and is a member of the Rainier 
Club, Arctic Club, Seattle Athletic Club, Seattle Golf Club and Ear- 
lington Golf and Country Club. He is a Mason of high degree, be- 
longing to both the York and Scottish Rites, and also belongs to the 
Mystic Shrine. He possesses the characteristic enterprise of the west 
and in all that he undertakes, whether of a business or public nature, 
wins success. 

OTatgon C. Squire 

IHERE are few pages of the history of the develop- 

T^, J ment of the northwest upon which the name of Wat- 
yM son C. Squire is not found. As governor and senator 
\i 1 he guided the political history of the state and as a 
business man he aided in utilizing the natural re- 
sources of the west and in bringing about the era of 
empire building which has made Seattle a great center of domestic 
and foreign trade. His activities were so important and so far-reach- 
ing in their effect that he became known as one of the representative 
American citizens with wide acquaintance throughout the nation. 

It was at Cape Vincent, Jefferson county, New York, that Wat- 
son C. Squire first opened his eyes to the light of day on the 18th day 
of May, 1838. His father was the Rev. Orra Squire, a minister of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, who married Eretta Wheeler. Both 
were natives of New York and were descended from English families 
established on American soil during the colonial epoch in the history 
of this country. The maternal grandfather, Ebenezer Wheejer, 
served as an American officer in the War of 1812. 

In the acquirement of his education Watson C. Squire attended 
the public schools of Oswego county. New York, until he reached the 
age of more than eleven years and then became a student in Falley 
Seminary at Fulton, New York, which he attended at intervals for 
five years and still later spent a year in Fairfield Seminary in Herki- 
mer county. He had the advantage of the usual academic training 
and became well grounded in Latin, Greek, Spanish and mathematics. 
He later entered Wesleyan University at Middletown, Connecticut, 
and was graduated from that institution with the class of 1859. He 
has always felt a deep interest in the university and for thirty-eight 
consecutive years has been one of its trustees. Following the comple- 
tion of his college course, he began reading law in Herkimer, New 
York, and later was made principal of the Moravia Institute at 
Moravia, New York. 

In the meantime the feeling between the north and the south was 
becoming more and more strained over the question of slavery and 
the right of the states to settle such questions for themselves. Even- 
tually war was declared and Mr. Squire was the first man in his home 

514 matsoti €♦ Squire 

town to enlist, becoming a member of Company F, Nineteenth Regi- 
ment of New York Volunteer Infantry, He was elected to the cap- 
taincy of his company but refused to serve, urging the selection of an 
older man, while he accepted the position of first lieutenant. In the 
conflict which occurred in Maryland and Virginia during the first six 
months of the war, he took an active part and was also in Washington, 
D. C. He then received an honorable discharge and returned to 
Cleveland, Ohio, for the purpose of becoming a lawyer, believing, as 
did the great majority of the people of the north at the time, that the 
war was practically at an end. He had just been admitted to the bar 
at Cleveland in 1862 when there was issued another call for troops 
and again Mr. Squire responded without delay. He organized an 
independent company of sharpshooters, was elected captain and joined 
General W. S. Rosecrans, of the Army of the Cumberland, in Ten- 
nessee. The company remained in active duty until the close of 
hostihties and because of exceptional meritorious service in the field 
was selected and acted as headquarters' guard with General Sherman 
on his march to the sea. Captain Squire, after commanding his com- 
pany and later serving at the head of the battalion of sharpshooters, 
was made trial judge advocate of the department court under General 
Thomas. Later he became judge advocate of the district of Nashville, 
middle Tennessee and northern Georgia and Alabama on the staff of 
General Rousseau. He was the reviewing officer of all military courts 
in the district, passing upon all findings and sentences and supervising 
the work of twenty-one separate courts, twenty-seven hundred cases 
coming under his attention, a record which received special mention 
from the judge advocate general. He was also on active duty on 
several of the most hotly contested battlefields, being present at the 
engagements of Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Resaca and Nashr 
ville, and was mustered out of the service after the close of the war, 
on the 10th day of August, 1865. He was brevetted colonel by Sec- 
retary of War Stanton in recognition of his gallantry. 

His company of Ohio Sharpshooters were remembered by General 
Sherman, who in a complimentary order addressed to each officer and 
private soldier in this command, attributed to them his own personal 
safety in the long and arduous campaigns. Colonel Squire's name 
appears on the battle monuments at Chickamauga and Missionary 

When Colonel Squire returned to the north he settled at Ilion, 
New York, where he accepted a position with the Remington Arms 
Company and eventually in that connection worked his way upward 
until he became secretary, treasurer and manager. His work there 

COatgon C Squire 515 

brought him in contact with the representatives of many foreign pow- 
ers and he became recognized as an authority on firearms. He made 
sales to France, Spain, Denmark, Sweden, Egypt, Mexico and other 
foreign governments and his efforts were a vital force in winning the 
world-wide reputation for American-made arms. It was also during 
the period of his connection with the Remington Company that the 
first typewriter was invented and Colonel Squire signed the fijst con- 
tract ever made for the manufacture of these machines, thus being one 
of the original promoters of the new industry. 

The pleasures of home life also came to him about this period. He 
was married December 23, 1868, to Miss Ida Remington, grand- 
daughter of the founder of the Remington Arms Company and they 
became the parents of four children, of whom the two sons. Reming- 
ton and Shirley now reside in Seattle. The younger daughter, Mar- 
jorie, is now the wife of John F. Jeimings, an attorney of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and the elder daughter, Aidine, is the wife of A. V. 
White, of Toronto, Ontario. 

During the Franco-Prussian war in 1870 the Remington Arms 
Company supplied the French government with arms and ammunition 
and in eight months dispatched twenty shiploads of war material. 
Colonel Squire had charge of the immense business in New York and 
received, principally through the Rothschilds and Morgan & Com- 
pany, of London, about fourteen million dollars in gold. In company 
^^ath Mr. Remington he went to Paris to meet the grand committee 
on contracts at Versailles and was tendered the thanks of France by 
the Duke d'Audifret Pasquier, president of the grand committee of 
sixty members. He was also received with marked favor by M. Leon 
Gambetta, then the leading statesman of the French republic. After- 
ward Colonel Squire again went abroad, spending nearly two years in 
England, Germany, Switzerland, Russia, Sweden, France, Italy, 
Spain, Turkey and Greece. Colonel Squire improved his time to good 
advantage, not only winning many friends during his residence abroad 
but also gaining wide and intimate acquaintance with the life of the 
European capitals, with the works of art and with international poli- 
tics. He studied the military situation of the different countries and 
while he was in Europe he commenced to study the plans of coast 
defense, which he was later instrumental in embodying in the laws of 
this country. After returning to America Colonel Squire spent the 
winter in the City of Mexico, where he lived on terms of business and 
personal friendship with President Porfirio Diaz and members of his 

The northwest marks the month of May, 1879, as the moment in 

516 gaatgon C. ^quite 

its history at which Colonel Squire made his first trip to the Sound 
country, proceeding from San Francisco whither he had gone on busi- 
ness, to Washington territory. Three years before, he had made some 
investment in property in the Sound country and when he visited this 
region in 1879 he saw the possibilities for the development of its 
natural resources and decided to become a factor in its development. 
His wide training and experience as a business man and as a student 
of national and international affairs led him to the belief that there 
would be a great empire builded in this section of the country and he 
resolved to make his home here. In 1880 Henry Villard, who had 
obtained an option on the property of the Oregon Steamship Naviga- 
tion Company and had made plans for the building of the Oregon 
Railroad & Navigation Company lines along the south bank of the 
Columbia from Portland to Wallula, brought to the country eastern 
capitalists, hoping to secure their cooperation in his plans. Colonel 
Squire was invited to join the party. The result of this trip was that 
the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company line was constructed and 
Colonel Squire induced Mr. Villard to purchase the narrow gauge 
line from Seattle to Newcastle, now the Columbia & Puget Sound 
and the coal mines at Newcastle. From these purchases the Oregon 
Improvement Company was formed, afterward changed to the Pacific 
Coast Company, controlling coal lines, railroads and ocean vessels, all 
of which became important elements in the early development and 
improvement of the nortliwest. The railroad line to the coal mines 
was known as the Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad and it was expected 
at that time to extend the railroad across the mountains to connect 
with the Northern Pacific, which, however, did not cross the Cascades 
until eight years later. It was not until 1883 that Portland was con- 
nected with the east by rail, joining the Northern Pacific, at which 
time Villard extended the line to Wallula to connect with the Oregon 
Railroad & Navigation. This move seemed to leave Seattle hopelessly 
out of competition with Portland. Then followed the dearth in the 
activity of Seattle's upbuilding but Colonel Squire never lost faith 
in the country and its future and concentrated his energies upon build- 
ing operations in the city and the improvement of farm lands, which 
he acquired in the White river and Black river valleys. His wise 
investment in real estate made him in 1890 the largest taxpayer in 
King county. 

Colonel Squire was especially interested in public affairs and be- 
fore removing from the east had served in New York on the state 
central committee. He also attended many conventions and had a 
wide acquaintance with the foremost statesmen of that section of the 

giOatson €♦ Squire 517 

country, including Grant, Conkling, Garfield, Arthur, while Theodore 
Roosevelt was just coming into prominence. Colonel Squire made 
frequent trips to the east and has maintained his acquaintance and 
friendship with the leaders of that section of the country. He was 
also active in affairs relating to the territory and in 1884 President 
Arthur appointed him governor of the territory, which position he 
filled under President Cleveland for two years after tendering his 
resignation, because his successor was not appointed by the democratic 
administration. History was at that time in the making in the great 
northwest and many and arduous were the duties which devolved upon 
the chief executive : as there came up to him questions for settlement 
relative not only to the welfare of the territory at the moment but also 
affecting its later destiny. His published reports to the secretary of 
the interior reflect clearly the conditions which he met; and his lucid 
and systematic reports of the great opportunities of Washington had 
large influence in bringing home makers westward. His earlier ex- 
periences enabled him to establish many branches of the territorial 
government on a practical basis, new buildings were erected for public 
institutions, such as the penitentiary at Walla Walla, the insane hos- 
pital at Steilacoom and the school for defective youth at Vancouver, 

Under his direction great imjirovements were made in the terri- 
torial university, the militia of the state was put upon a sound footing 
and the system of coal mine inspection was inaugurated. Colonel 
Squire recommended to the administration at the national capital that 
Washington be made a state at the earliest opportunity but this was 
not done until 1889. Because of his thorough understanding of con- 
ditions Colonel Squire's advice and recommendations proved of the 
utmost value when substantial laws were drafted for the territory — 
laws which would be adequate to the needs of the territory in later 
years, with its increasing wealth and population. Much of the legis- 
lation enacted during his term has since remained in force on the 
statute books of the state. 

Among the most memorable occurrences of Colonel Squire's term 
was the anti-Chinese riots in the fall of 1885 and in February, 1886. 
Already large numbers of Chinese had become residents of Seattle 
and their number was constantly augmented through the operation 
of smugglers in defiance of the somewhat loosely drawn exclusion acts. 
The white population resented the entrance of the yellow race and 
feeling ran very high, so that a movement was started to forcibly drive 
the Chinese from the territory. Many of their number voluntarily 
left for Portland and San Francisco, Tacoma, with its race war, 
drove all the Chinese out of the town on the 3rd day of November, 

518 matson €♦ Squire 

1885, and riots occurred at the mines in King county, where several 
Chinese were killed. Sheriffs in the two counties whom Governor 
Squire had ordered to swear in a sufficient number of deputies to main- 
tain the peace, declared that they could handle the situation. 

In February, 1886, Governor Squire issued two proclamations, 
called out the national guard and eventually decided to proclaim mar- 
tial law, which act was at once approved by President Cleveland and 
was followed by the arrest of numerous rioters. His firm stand soon 
put an end to the delicate situation that had attracted the attention of 
the nation. His later reports to the government embodying a com- 
plete list of the losses of the Chinese, prepared at the request of the 
state department, won for him the thanks of the government and of 
the Chinese authorities. Governor Squire's last recommendations in 
his final report to the secretary of the interior were for : ( 1 ) the ad- 
mission of Washington into the Union; (2) the forfeiture of unearned 
railway landgrants; (3) the enforcement of the Chinese restriction 
act; (4) the transfer to Washington territory of the northern counties 
of Idaho; (5) the improvement of the Columbia river and other navi- 
gable waters; (6) readjustment of Indian reservations; (7) speedy 
settlement of all questions relating to public lands. The last named 
problem is still in course of settlement today. The improvement of 
the Columbia river is still going on. The readjustment of the Indian 
reservations has not been entirely perfected. The closing recom- 
mendations of Governor Squire's administration illustrate clearly his 
keen insight into the future needs of Washington. 

When Governor Squire put aside the duties of chief executive in 
1887 and took up the more active management of his private interests, 
he did not relinquish his activity in public affairs but sought still fur- 
ther to advance the interests of the northwest. It was the great desire 
of the people to acquire statehood and Governor Squire was chosen 
to preside over the convention of delegates which was called to meet 
at EUensburg and which by its urgent memorials and resolutions and 
the convincing argimients advanced hastened the action taken by con- 
gress in 1889, admitting Washington to the Union at the same time 
that North and South Dakota became states. Immediately after the 
bill was signed by the president, elections were called and at the first 
session of the legislature. Governor Squire was chosen to represent 
Washington in the United States senate. 

Six senators were elected from the three new states and it became 
necessary to decide by lot, which should serve for six years, which for 
four and which for two. Senator Squire drew a two years' term but 
at its expiration was reelected for another full term, so that he was 

gaatson C Squire 519 

for eight years a member of the upper house of the national legislature 
and until the year 1914 was the only United States senator from 
Washington to be reelected. The arrival of six new senators at 
Washington did not cause any particular comment. In fact old 
members have always regarded new arrivals as of little importance but 
Senator Squire had gone to Washington for the purpose of serving 
his constituents and aiding them in meeting the needs of the rapidly 
growing state. He was very successful in securing valuable legisla- 
tion and, moreover, he took an active part in all matters relating to the 
national welfare: the Isthmian canal at Nicaragua or Panama; the 
national defenses ; the tariff and currency question ; the Chinese prob- 
lem; the Alaskan boundary; the investigation of the coal and gold 
resources in Alaska ; and other leading questions of the day. He was 
a most tireless member on committees, delivered effective impromptu 
addresses and displayed marked oratory when discussing questions on 
which he had especially prepared. He and his colleague, Senator 
John B. Allen, agreed that each would work for all needed improve- 
ments in the state and that each would take special care of the details 
of affairs in his own section of the state. Among the first benefits 
that Senator Squire was able to obtain for his state was the appropria- 
tion for building the naval station and drydock at Bremerton, the 
location of which had already been recommended by two separate 
boards of naval officers, but this project had not been acted upon by 
congress. In fact, it was Senator Squire who first obtained recog- 
nition of Puget Sound as one of the great harbors of the United 
States, entitled to just as much attention in respect to lighthouses, 
coast defenses, revenue cutter and customs service, life-saving pro- 
tection and aids to navigation as any of the great seaports which the 
government had been improving for years. In one session he secured 
an increase of the rivers and harbors appropriations for the state from 
one hundred and three thousand, three hundred and fifty dollars to 
one hundred and sixty-eight thousand, four hundred and seventy dol- 
lars and ninety-two cents, and at the following session of congress 
increased the amount to two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars. 

Nor was all this spent on Puget Sound. Senator Squire was a 
strong friend of improvements, especially river improvements and the 
Columbia, Snake, Okanogan, Chehalis and Cowlitz rivers secured 
shares of the appropriations. Other funds were used to improve the 
harbors of Everett and Olympia, as well as Gray's Harbor and 
Willapa Harbor, in southwestern Washington. 

At the same time the project of building a ship canal from Puget 
Sound into Lake Washington at Seattle was being urged by the busi- 

520 a^atgon €♦ Squire 

ness interests of Puget Sound. Senator Squire lent his earnest aid 
to this project and secured two preliminary appropriations of ten 
thousand and twenty-five thousand dollars and later, one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars with which actual construction was begun. These 
were the only appropriations secured for construction on the canal 
until 1910. Had Senator Squire remained longer in the public serv- 
ice many friends of the canal believe it might have been an accom- 
plished fact years ago. It was vitally important to obtain the right 
of way for the canal at that time. Senator Squire worked for this. 

Among other measures of great importance to the state, first 
brought to the attention of congress by Senator Squire were these : to 
provide for tests of American timbers with a view particularly to 
establish the superior qualities of the timber of his own state ; for the 
creation of a national park and forest reserve, including Mount Rai- 
nier; for a relief light vessel for the Pacific coast; to regulate the time 
and place of holding United States courts in the state of Washington; 
to grant jurisdiction in cases relating to land entries; to ratify agree- 
ments with certain Indian tribes ; for the relief of purchasers of lands 
in railroad land grants ; for the erection of a statue to General U. S. 
Grant ; for public buildings at Seattle, Tacoma, Spokane and Walla 
Walla; granting five per cent of public land sales to the state of 

When the free silver plank was instituted by the republican party 
in the northwest, Washington lost a most effective public servant with 
the retirement of Senator Squire. No other representative in the 
upper house at Washington had secured so much valuable legislation 
for the state. Moreover, he did not have the assistance of a colleague 
in the senate from his state much of the time, from the fact that a 
three years' deadlock in the state legislature prevented an election of 
another United States Senator from the state of Washington. 

Washington has reason, indeed, to remember him gratefully and 
honor him for what he has done for the state and yet his efforts were 
by no means confined to legislation beneficial to the northwest. In 
fact, he furthered various projects for the good of the nation at large 
and he is especially well known in connection with the bill for the coast 
defense of the country. His foreign travel and military training and 
experience in handling arms and ammunition made him, probably, the 
best informed man in the senate during his services there on the sub- 
ject of national defense. Upon entering the senate he found the 
coast defense plan in a chaotic state, with a few military men urging 
much needed work but gaining very little sympathy. Members of 
congress as a rule were unfamiliar with the entire coast defense plan. 

gOatson C. Squire 521 

Little had been done and it seemed impossible to gain miited action 
on any comprehensive plan. In the fifty-second congress Senator 
Squire was made chairman of the committee on coast defenses, having 
been a member of the committee at his first session. He promptly 
took hold of the recommendations of army engineers which had pre- 
viously attracted little attention and began planning the legislation 
which resulted in the present system of defenses of the great harbors 
of the nation. In the fifty-third congress the republicans were in a 
minority and Senator Squire was removed from his chairmanship but 
was retained on the coast defense committee. Again in the fifty- 
fourth congress he was made chairman and there continued his great 
work for the national defense. At a single session he increased the 
coast defense appropriation and authorizations of contracts from six 
hundred thousand dollars to eleven milhon five hundred thousand dol- 
lars and thereafter laid the foundation for yearly appropriations which 
will amount in the aggregate to about one hundred and twenty-five 
million dollars or more. At the conclusion of his term in the work of 
building great fortifications for the harbors of both coasts he had 
become so well understood and appreciated and the work was so far 
under way that there never has been any question as to the value and 
necessity of the vast projects which Senator Squire first pressed upon 
the congressional attention. Puget Sound shared in the benefits of 
the work and from a totally unfortified harbor has become one of the 
best protected in the nation. 

Not alone in coast defenses was Senator Squire interested, but in 
every phase of mihtary and naval legislation. He initiated the legis- 
lation for the rating of naval engineers as officers of rank and his work 
for the engineers of the merchant marine resulted in his election to 
honorary membership in the Society of Marine Engineers. His ef- 
forts were largely instrumental in increasing the revenue cutter service 
and putting it on a useful basis, especially in western and northern 
waters, and he secured for the Moran Company of Seattle the first 
contract for construction of torpedo boats ever let in the northwest. 
Among his favorite projects was the establishment of a gun factory 
on the Pacific coast, for which he put forth numerous eff'orts. He 
likewise initiated the legislation that resulted in the establishment of 
Fort Lawton at Seattle. 

Senator Squire was also greatly interested in Alaska. He was 
among the first to realize the immense undeveloped wealth of that 
country and was instrumental in securing the survey of the Alaskan 
boundary and the settlement of the dispute with Canada on that sub- 
ject, securing an appropriation in 1896 for that purpose. Before that 

522 COatson QL, ^qutre 

time, however, he had laid the foundation for the work of the United 
States geographical survey in Alaska by securing an appropriation 
for an investigation and report on the mineral resources of the coun- 
try. The famous Alaska goldfields which of recent years have at- 
tracted such wide-spread attention, had come to his notice and he had 
reahzed that they would some day become a valuable asset to the 
nation. He probably had this in mind when he was raising strenuous 
objections to the purchase of foreign coal for the navy, and laying a 
precedent for using only the product of domestic mines. His fore- 
sight in this particular has already found justification. 

Another question of national importance which came up during 
Senator Squire's connection with legislative affairs in Washington 
was that of free silver, involving, as it did, unending discussion of the 
national coinage and finally becoming the issue of a national election. 
A lifelong republican he saw with apprehension the entire west, in- 
cluding his own state, swing into the free silver column. Notwith- 
standing his love for the west he realized the lack of wisdom and for 
several sessions he firmly opposed any compromise in favor of the sil- 
ver standard. In December, 1895, the year before the national cam- 
paign which settled for all time the mooted question, Senator Squire 
prepared a coinage measure which he introduced into the senate and 
which came within a vote of passing after long debate. His bill pro- 
vided for an increased coinage of silver, in fact for what might be 
deemed the free coinage of silver to the extent of its production, but 
on a basis which would preserve a parity of value of the various kinds 
of coined money. The plan included the withdrawal of greenbacks 
and substitution of silver currency backed by a gold reserve. Senator 
Squire believed, as did many other statesmen of the day, that his 
measure would be entirely equitable to the so-called silver states and 
would not inflate the currency or injure the national credit. Probably 
only the irreconcilable breach between the free silver advocates and 
the adherents of the straight gold standard prevented the bill from 
becoming a law. His interest in the Isthmian canal project (then by 
the Nicaragua route, probably the best one) was an early influence 
along the line which has led to the development of the Panama canal. 

Senator Squire secured benefits for all parts of the Pacific coast 
and every section of his own state realized that it had an active and 
leading statesman working for the northwest at the capital. One 
prophesying of his senatorial career would have said it would have 
been impossible for him to accomplish what he did, owing to the fact 
that he was a new senator from a new state, but his broad experience, 
his grasp of affairs, his knowledge of conditions in his own land and 

gfllatson €« ^quice 523 

abroad, his public spirit and his determination were elements along 
the line of success in his legislative efforts. It was soon recognized 
that his knowledge was comprehensive, his judgment sound and his 
determination keen and that the results of his investigation found 
embodiment in practical eiFort for the good of the country at large. 
His extensive travel, his interest in national and international art and 
his personality, all entered into this feature of his success. Among the 
senators from the south he numbered a host of warm friends and he 
held their support in congress as no other northerner did. Time and 
again he enlisted their aid with that of the men from the far west to 
force upon congress a realization of the needs of the Pacific coast. 
Without indulging in any petty scheming Senator Squire was known 
as a consummate politician and his influence was felt in every section 
of the country. He did not hesitate to work for needed improvements 
in other states than his own and often introduced bills for public build- 
ings or other improvements in eastern or southern cities where he be- 
lieved they were needed. So wide was his personal popularity that at 
the close of one session Senator Allison asserted that Senator Squire's 
had been the greatest personal success of any man in that congress. 
Among his friends and colleagues in the senate were men from all 
sections: Aldrich, Hoar, Hawley, Piatt, Chandler, Morrill and Hale, 
of New England ; the senators from his native state. New York, and 
of Ohio, whose troops he led in war. In the middle west he was inti- 
mate with men like Cullom, Allison, Warren, Davis, Spooner and 
Nelson and natural ties of mutual interest bound him closely to the 
men from the Pacific coast. In his committee on coast defenses were 
two former secretaries of war. Proctor and Elkins, besides Senator 
Hawley, for years chairman of the committee on military affairs. 
Senator Stephen M. White, of California, and Senator John B. Gor- 
don, of Georgia, a brilliant Confederate commander. When the 
Oregon senators were opposing the Bremerton naval station bill at 
its first inception, at the end of the roll call, ten southern senators who 
had just entered the senate chamber rose and, addressing the chair, 
voted in favor of Senator Squire's bill. 

It was in connection with the bills appropriating funds for the 
completion of the dry dock and navy yard at Bremerton that Senator 
Squire accomplished one of the remarkable feats of his career at 
Washington, March 2, 1895, during the closing hours of the fifty- third 
congress. The naval appropriation bill came back from committee 
with a totally inadequate appropriation for the work needed at Puget 
Sound, despite all of Senator Squire's efforts before the committee. 
Rising on the floor of the senate during the closing hours, when there 

524 mntson €♦ Squire 

was much business to be finished, when the galleries were packed to 
watch the closing scenes of congress, Senator Squire hurled in the 
face of the assembled senators his demand for a proper recognition 
of the Puget Sound navy yard and proceeded to argue convincingly 
every point that he made. The procedure was astonishing but effect- 
ive. Amid great applause the senator from Washington finished his 
speech and the senate unanimously voted nearly the full appropriation 
asked for. 

Among the southern men who were personal friends of Senator 
Squire were Gorman of Maryland, Daniel of Virginia, with whom he 
paired in the senate. Vest and Cockrill of Missouri, Blackburn of 
Kentucky, Ransom, Vance and Butler of North Carolina, Butler of 
South Carolina, Morgan of Alabama, Bate of Tennessee, Gordon of 
Georgia, Gray of Delaware, Kenna of West Virginia, Gibson and 
White of Louisiana, and Berry of Arkansas. J. C. S. Blackburn, on 
the committee of naval affairs, gave hearty support to the establish- 
ment of the Puget Sovmd navy yard, while John Kenna on the com- 
mittee of commerce was instrumental in passing appropriations for 
the Lake Washington canal. Senator Teller, who had been secretary 
of the interior under President Arthur when Squire was governor of 
Washington, was a friendly supporter. In the house of representa- 
tives the western senator had numerous friends, among others, McKin- 
ley, Reed, Henderson, Hepburn, Cannon, Thomas H. Catchings of 
Mississippi, and William H. Crane of Texas. 

His intimate acquaintance with the gi-eat newspaper publishers of 
the day was of inestimable value to Senator Squire, for they assisted 
greatly to help him mold public opinion in favor of such great projects 
as the plan of coast defenses, which was almost an unknown quantity 
outside of army circles at the time that Senator Squire entered the 
senate. Whitelaw Reid and Isaac H. Bromley of the New York 
Tribune were his close friends, as was Colonel Henry Watterson of 
the Louisville Courier-Journal, Frank Hatton of the Washington 
Post, afterward postmaster general, Melville E. Stone of the Asso- 
ciated Press, and St. Clair McKelway of the Brooklyn Eagle. The 
famous Saturday Night Club of New York gave Senator Squire a 
banquet, at which such men as Depew, Carnegie and Clark Bell, 
founder of the club, were present. 

It will hardly be questioned that the state of Washington has 
never had in either hall of congress or in any other field of public 
activity a man who so thoroughly merited the name of statesman in 
its largest sense as Watson C. Squire. Never sensational, he was a 
leader of men in large affairs, calm and firm in judgment, unflinching 

C(3at0on C. Squire 

in matters where his mind was set, and yet a man of consummate tact 
in winning friends and support where to court opposition would be 
fatal. To mention his high principles of personal honor is unneces- 
sary. Without them no man can attain such success. Senator Squire's 
personal and private life has always been one worthj^ of a man who 
naturally has been an example to thousands. The state of Washing- 
ton owes no greater gratitude to any of her citizens who have helped 
her to develop into a leading commonwealth. Since his retirement to 
private life, Senator Squire has lived quietly in Seattle, still making 
his influence felt in affairs of public interest, where the welfare of the 
city or state is at stake, and freely lending the value of his assistance 
and advice to his successors in public office. 

$aul $age IKjjitjjam 

[HERE is perhaps no resident of Seattle who has 
studied more closelj' public conditions bearing upon 
the welfare, upbuilding and progress of the city than 
Paul Page Whitham, Recognizing the value of the 
splendid natural resources of the northwest and of 
this city, with its harbor facilities, in particular, he be- 
lieves that there is a wonderful future before Seattle and his eiforts 
are proving a practical and eiFective force in bringing about general 
development. He has here resided since the summer of 1902, coming 
to the northwest in early manhood. He was born in Champaign, 
Illinois, May 30, 1878, and comes of a family originally from Eng- 
land, although settlement was made by representatives of the family 
in Virginia in 1775. His father, Robert F. Whitham, a native of 
Ohio, was a civil engineer by profession and in the year 1880 drove 
with a team and wagon from Salt Lake City to Olympia prior to the 
advent of the railroads in the northwest. He left behind him his wife 
and children. Mrs. Whitham bore the maiden name of Martha E. 
Page and was a representative of the Page family that was established 
in Massachusetts in 1630. In the spring of 1881 Mrs. Whitham, with 
her two children, Paul, three years of age, and John, aged six months, 
traveled from Omaha, Nebraska, to Olympia by way of the Southern 
Pacific to San Francisco, thence on the old side-wheel steamer Idaho 
to Seattle and on the historic Soimd steamer Willie from Seattle to 
Olympia, the trip requiring in all sixteen days. Several years later 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert F. Whitham went to live on the old Wiley 
donation claim, at Gull Harbor, about four miles north of Olympia, 
and Mr. Whitham still occupies his farm at South Bay. His wife, 
however, passed away in April, 1915, survived by her husband, her 
sons, Paul, Carl and Lynn, and a daughter, Ruth. 

Paul P. Whitham has spent practicallj^ his entire life in the north- 
west. He completed his public-school studies in the Olympia high 
school, from which he was graduated in 1898, after which he studied 
engineering in the University of Ilhnois, leaving that school in 1901. 
He entered upon active work in the field of surveying and engineering 
and after spending a year in surveying and mining work in eastern 
Washington and British Columbia came to Seattle in the summer of 

530 Paul j^UQt mbitbam 

1902 and obtained the position of draftsman in the city engineer's 
office. He passed through various grades of work in that office, finally- 
becoming assistant franchise inspector, which position he filled until 
the formation of the department of pubhc utilities, when he became 
field assistant superintendent of pubhc utilities, having charge of 
engineering, inspection and construction work, this department being 
organized in 1908. The position was later designated as that of chief 
engineer of the department of pubhc utilities. During 1911, while 
still acting in that capacity, he spent some time with Virgil G. Bogue 
in the preparation of the Plan of Seattle, having particular charge 
of the transportation and water front features of the plan. He also 
obtained a short leave of absence in 1911-12 and worked as principal 
assistant to Mr. Bogue in the preparation of the harbor plans for 

Early in 1912 Mr. Whitham resigned as chief engineer of the 
public utilities department and became principal assistant engineer 
under R. H. Thompson, chief engineer of the port of Seattle. Dur- 
ing 1912 he obtained leave of absence for a short time and prepared a 
report and harbor plan for the port of Astoria. Upon the resignation 
of Mr. Thompson, chief engineer of the port of Seattle, in May, 1912, 
Mr. Whitham was appointed acting and later chief engineer, which 
position he held until October 1, 1914, when he retired, associating 
himself with George Watkin Evans, a noted mining engineer and coal 
expert, with whom he entered upon private practice as consulting 
civil engineers. Since that time he has made investigations and pre- 
pared reports for various important enterprises in Alaska and the 
northwest and most recently, in connection with other work, made a 
trip thi'oughout the east and middle west, studying industrial develop- 
ment matters for the Industrial Bureau of the Seattle Chamber of 
Conmierce. The Seattle Times in an editorial under the caption "A 
Wonderful 'Vision' " wrote : "Announced by the speaker as a Vision,' 
but deserving classification as a constructive suggestion of great worth, 
Paul P. Whitham presented to the Industrial Bureau of the Chamber 
of Commerce yesterday a comprehensive plan for industrial expan- 
sion that deserves every consideration. He urges not Seattle alone 
but all of western Washington to 'take stock,' to simimarize the ad- 
vantages that can be offered factories, the opportunities for investment 
and the trade field that will be open to exploitation. His suggestion 
that the 'industrial district' of Seattle includes practically the entire 
Puget Sound basin is attractive. His demonstration that a benefit to 
one section is a certain benefit to all the others is convincing. As a 
basis of a campaign for more factories, his plan is comprehensive, far- 

Paul page COftitftam 531 

reaching and based on the experience of other cities, which have con- 
fronted the same problems and met them, in part, at least. Seattle 
cannot do better than take advantage of their labors and achievements. 
There is no question that the time to plan for new work along this 
hne is now. The conclusion of war should see for this city and sec- 
tion, in company with the whole world, an onward movement toward 
prosperity. Preparations made at this tune will enable Seattle and 
adjacent territory to take the fullest advantage of every opportunity 
offered for expansion industrially." 

Mr. Whitham has visited twenty-one of the leading cities of the 
east and upon his return took as his text for his speech before the 
Industrial Bureau, "Seattle Needs More Factories," and offered sug- 
gestions as to how they might be obtained. He said: "This work 
includes seeing that the industries are provided with proper transpor- 
tation and shipping facilities, that the rates which they must pay on 
incoming and outgoing shipments are equitable and that new and 
growing enterprises, when investigation warrants such aid, are given 
needed financial backing and encouragement. They are also helped 
to extend their markets. The slogan, 'More Factories for Seattle,' 
sounds good to everybody, but many are not very hopeful. I believe, 
however, that during the next period of general prosperity, Seattle 
will have an opportunity for industrial expansion greater than we can 
now appreciate. If that is the case, now is the time to lay a foundation 
that will insure our ability to grasp the opportunities as they come 
along. Activity in the search for new factories is an important feature 
in any campaign for industrial development." He declared that the 
big problem in this work is the preparation of an attractive field for 
industrial enterprises; that the matters of organization, labor, power 
and financing are important but in a sense are only details. He 
pointed out that in order to prepare the field it must first be known 
what Seattle has to offer locally and in foreign market possibihties, 
and that these advantages must be pressed home to the prospective 
industries. In speaking of the foreign market he declared that Seat- 
tle may sell to the entire world such primary products as timber, grain, 
fish and fruit, and advocated that the new fields in the Orient and 
Russia be visited by advance industrial agents of the Chamber of 
Commerce in an effort to develop the trade with that territory. 

On the 29th of June, 1905, Mr. Whitham married Miss Blanche 
Marie Evans, a daughter of J. J. Evans, of Tacoma, Washington, 
who was of Welsh descent and as a young man served with distinction 
in the Civil war. For many years he was a successful contractor and 
builder of Minneapolis and later of Tacoma. He died May 11, 

532 Paul page Mlbit^am 

1911, being survived by his wife, Mrs. Virginia Evans, now residing 
in Seattle, 

Mr. and Mrs. Whitham are members of the West Seattle Con- 
gregational church and he is a Mason, holding membership in Eureka 
Lodge at Seattle and in the Lodge of Perfection of the Scottish Rite 
Temple of Seattle. He belongs to the Arctic Club and the College 
Club and has important membership relations with fellow representa- 
tives of the profession with which he is connected, for he is a member 
of the Northwest Society of Civil Engineers, an associate member 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers and of the Engineers' 
Club of Seattle. There have been no unusual chapters in his life 
record and no esoteric phases. Ability and industry have brought 
him to his present position of professional prominence, while public 
spirit has prompted him to put forth the earnest and strenuous effort 
that has gained him place with the leading residents of his city. His 
insight is keen and whUe he has a vision he has based it upon practical 
knowledge and a thorough understanding of situations and conditions. 

(^. J.c^c 

fofjn ^anforb Wapiox 

jPON the history of Seattle's moral progress as well as 

U™^ of her material development the name of John San- 
^ ford Taylor is deeply impressed. He stood for all 
vl>!2 those things which count most in city upbuilding and 
never lost sight of the high principles which should 
govern man in his varied relations of life. He thus 
came to an honored old age and when he had passed the eighty-fifth 
milestone on life's journey passed to the home beyond. 

Mr. Taylor was a sturdy Scotsman and had many of the sterling 
characteristics of the sons of the land of hills and heather. He was 
there born February 18, 1830, and during his infancy was brought 
by his parents to the new world, the family home being established in 
Montreal, Canada, where the father and mother passed away about 

John S. Taylor was thus left an orphan at the age of nine years 
and was placed in the Ladies Benevolent Institute, where he remained 
vmtil he reached the age of ten years,, when he went to live in the 
home of Allen McDermit, with whom he continued until he reached 
his majority, residing much of that time in Canada. His wages for 
the ten and one-half years of hard labor which he put in with Mr. 
McDermit were only forty-two dollars. He had very little oppor- 
tunity to attend school, but through reading and experience and 
contact with his fellowmen he added continually to the simi total of 
his knowledge and gained broad general information. He made his 
initial step in the business world as a chopper in the lumber woods 
and his industry and fidelity gained him promotion until at the age 
of twenty-six years he was superintendent of a sawmill. He next 
embarked in the manufacture of lumber on his own account at Sagi- 
naw, Michigan, and was thus engaged for many years. He went 
from Saginaw to Duluth, Minnesota, where he built a large sawmill 
and continued in the manufacture of lumber for eight years. 

At the end of that time Mr. Taylor made a pleasure trip to Seattle 
and immediatelj^ felt the lure of the west, for he recognized the natural 
resources and advantages of the country and felt that ultimately a 
great empire would be builded upon the Sound. Returning to his 
former home, he disposed of his property and immediately after 

536 31oftn ^anfotP Caplor 

again came to this city, where he arrived on the 13th of February, 
1889. Soon Seattle benefited by his investment of sixty thousand 
dollars in business and property here. He built a sawmill and a 
planing mill and also purchased a portable sawmill, together with 
the other necessary buildings, securing all the equipment needed for 
the conduct of a large Imnber business. His enterprise was success- 
fully conducted for a number of years, but in 1895 there came a 
landslide in which seventy-five acres of land moved down into the 
lake, washing away his large plant and destroying sixteen dwelling 
houses. His losses were thus heavy, yet he still retained the owner- 
ship of considerable other property. He afterward built a sawmill 
at Rainier Beach, with a capacity of forty thousand feet of lumber 
per day, it being fully equipped for the manufactm-e of lath and 
shingles. Around the mill grew up a little settlement to which was 
given the name of Taylor's Mill, and it was there that Mr. Taylor 
was living at the time of his death. He was a very prominent figure 
in the development of Rainier Valley and his life work was an element 
in the growing industrial enterprise of Seattle. 

On the 20th of June, 1853, in Glengarry county, Canada, Mr. 
Taylor was united in marriage to Miss Jeanette Louthian, who was 
born in that county, March 4, 1833, and is of Scotch lineage. Mr. 
and Mrs. Taylor became the parents of four children: William D., 
now a resident of Seattle; David P., of Seattle; Margaret, the wife 
of M. R. Metcalf, of St. Paul, Minnesota; and John S., living in 

For many years Mr. and Mrs. Taylor were leading and influential 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he served as 
trustee and for a third of a century was superintendent of the Sunday 
school. They had not long been residents of Seattle when there 
was talk of building a new church. At that time they resided not 
far from the present site of the Grace Methodist Episcopal church 
and Mr. Taylor furnished the lumber to be used in the erection of the 
new house of worship. He has largely been the builder of five 
different churches, including one mission, aiding generously toward 
the work of building two churches and a mission in Michigan, the 
Grace Methodist church at Duluth and the Grace Methodist church 
in Seattle. Until 1907 the last named church had no pews, using 
chairs, but in 1907 Mr. Taylor equipped the church with pews. It 
was from that church that Mr. Taylor was buried when on the 25th 
of June, 1915, he passed away. He had reached the age of eighty- 
five years and it was only in the last few months of his life that he 
was unable to leave home. In fact he was an ardent base-ball 

3fol)n ^anfotP Caglot 537 

enthusiast and until his last illness, accompanied by Mrs. Taylor, 
eighty-two years of age, he was a daily attendant of the games. 
Seattle recognized in him a public-spirited citizen and one who had 
great faith in the city, seeking at all times to further its progress along 
substantial lines. His work was manifestly resultant and among 
those with whom business or social relations brought him in contact 
he was held in the highest regard. As the day with its morning of 
hope and promise, its noontide of activity, its evening of completed 
and successful effort, ending in the grateful rest and quiet of the 
night, so was the life of John Sanford Taylor, who in his later years 
was affectionately termed "Grandpa" Taylor by all who knew him. 


#eorge lesilie i|iU 

EORGE LESLIE HILL, deceased, was for some 
W^ x-N ^ *^™^ connected with the opening of the upper Colum- 
V ? I ^2 ^^^ river to navigation as an employe of the govern- 

^^ ^J ^p ment, and was also largely instrmnental, by reason 
w^gy^w of his expert testimony, in bringing about the build- 
ing of the Copper River Railroad in Alaska. Thus 
it is that he took an active part in shaping events which have had 
much to do with the history of the northwest, and, accordingly, his 
name deserves mention upon the annals of city and state. Moreover, 
he was a representative of one of the oldest pioneer families, his birth 
having occurred November 11, 1860, near Renton, in King county, 
Washington. His father, John S. Hill, was owner and master of 
steamboats in the Puget Sound country and became a well known 
and prominent figure in early times. His wife, Mrs. Addie Hill, was 
a most lovable character, noted for her kindly acts, her charitable 
deeds and helpful ministrations in behalf of the sick and the needy. 
As a result of all this she had many friends and was greatly respected 
and loved by those who knew her best. 

Captain George Leslie Hill acquired his education in the public 
schools and in the University of Washington at Seattle. Following 
in the business footsteps of his father, he became an expert in the 
operation and management of steamboats on the waters of Puget 
Sound and Alaska. He was among the first to navigate steamers on 
the Yukon river from St. JNIichael to Dawson, and made a chart of 
that great river showing its course and noting aids to navigation. 
For several years he operated steamers for the companies engaged in 
the transportation business of the Yukon river. He also operated 
the steamers in the inland waters of Alaska that were engaged in the 
transportation of material and supplies in the building of the Copper 
River Railroad. The character of the waters and the rocky forma- 
tions that abounded in them rendered their navigation very difficult 
and well nigh impossible. Many of those who had examined these 
turbulent and dangerous waters believed that they could not be util- 
ized in the building of the Copper River Railroad. Captain Hill 
was employed as an expert to make a thorough examination of the 
case. His report was favorable. He said, "with the exercise of great 

542 C9eorge iLeglie f^ill 

skill and care it can be done." He was employed to build the steamers 
that were needed for this work. He took them north in a knocked- 
down condition and they were put together on the river and lakes 
where they were needed. Captain Hill navigated them safely and 
successfully and thus saved the construction company many thousands 
of dollars. It is doubtful if this great road would have been buUt 
without the use of this river, and it is also doubtful if any other man 
could have been found in the United States that could have rendered 
equally efficient service. Captain Hill was in the employ of this 
company for five years, during which time the road was built. Cap- 
tain Hill was also for some time in the employ of the United States 
government in the opening of the upper Columbia river to navigation, 
and thus his life work was of far-reaching effect, benefit and impor- 

On the 16th of June, 1888, in Seattle, Captain Hill was married to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Albert and Amanda J. Atwood. Fra- 
ternally he was connected with the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks, but throughout his entire life practically his undivided attention 
was given to his professional duties, and in that connection he won 
prominence and distinction. 

JHrsi, Cli^atjetf) ©iU 

|RS. ELIZABETH HILL, residing in Seattle, tlie 
widow of Captain George Leslie Hill, of whom men- 
tion is made above, was born at Tom's River, New 
Jersey. Her father, the Rev. Albert Atwood, was 
born October 27, 1832, in the vicinity of Tuckerton, 
New Jersey, and pm-sued his education in the Char- 
lotteville Seminary at Charlotteville, Schoharie county. New York, 
there preparing for the ministry, for he had decided to devote his life 
to preaching the gospel. In 1858 he joined the New Jersey conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal church and was called to the pastorate of 
several different churches in that conference. In 1874 he was trans- 
ferred to the Oregon conference and assisted in the organization of 
the Puget Sound conference in 1884. He occupied various jjasto rates 
and also acted as presiding elder in that conference for several years 
and his labors Avere of far-reaching effect and benefit, proving an 
influencing force for good in the lives of many who came under his 
teachings. He was an earnest and ofttimes eloquent speaker and the 
logic of his reasoning appealed to the minds of his hearers and he 
also wielded influence through the use of sentiment and persuasion. 
Rev. Atwood married Miss Amanda J. Robinson, who was born near 
Tom's River, New Jersey, March 31, 1841, their wedding being 
celebrated on the 3d of May, 1860. 

Their daughter, Elizabeth Atwood, was a little maiden of four 
summers when brought by her parents to the northwest. She attended 
the public schools of Seattle and afterward became a pupil in the 
University of Washington located in this city. Here in early woman- 
hood she was married, becoming the wife of George Leslie Hill on the 
16th of June, 1888, when seventeen years of age. She is a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal church and her life has been filled Avith 
good deeds and characterized by kindly purpose. 


Jofjn 1^. i^innear 

)ROM the time of his arrival in Seattle in 1883 until 
his death on the 31st of March, 1912, John R. Kin- 
near was closely associated with events that shaped 
the history of city and state. He aided in framing 
the organic law of Washington and in shaping its 
legislation both during the territorial period and after 
statehood was secured. His name is thus inseparably interwoven with 
the annals of the northwest and the record of no man in public service 
has been more faultless in honor, fearless in conduct or stainless in 

A native of Indiana, John R. Kinnear was a lad of seven summers 
when his parents removed to Walnut Grove, Woodford county, Illi- 
nois, where they located upon a farm. The routine of farm life for 
John R. Kinnear was uninterrupted until after he had completed the 
district-school course, when he had the opportunity of becoming a 
student in the Washington (111.) high school. Still later he attended 
Eureka College and when he had completed his work there he entered 
upon a four years' classical course in Knox College at Galesburg, 
Illinois. He was a student in that institution at the time of the out- 
break of the Civil war, when with patriotic spirit he responded to the 
coimtry's call for troops, enlisting for three years as a private soldier. 
He participated in about twenty of the great battles of the war and 
some years afterward, at the request of his comrades, wrote and pub- 
lished a history of the regiment and brigade, the volume containing 
one hundred and forty pages. Mr. Kinnear proved a most brave and 
loyal soldier, never faltering in the performance of duty whether 
stationed upon the firing line or the lonely picket line. 

When the war was over and the coimtry no longer needed his aid 
Mr. Kinnear pursued a course in the Chicago Law School and fol- 
lowing his admission to the bar located for practice at Paxton, Illi- 
nois, where he remained in the active work of his profession for fifteen 
years. While there he was prosecuting attorney for three years and 
was also master in chancery for four years. In 1883 he arrived in 
Seattle and almost immediately became an active factor in molding 
public thought and action. In 1884 he was elected to the territorial 
legislature from King county upon the republican ticket, and in 

548 3[ot)n K» Einneat 

November, 1888, he was again called upon for public service, being 
elected a member of the council or the upper house of the territorial 
legislature. He did not take his seat in that body, however, on account 
of the passage of the enabling act for the admission of the state. 
However, he was elected to the state constitutional convention from 
the twentieth district and took a most helpful part in framing the 
constitution. He was made chairman of the committee on corpora- 
tions and he left the impress of his individuality in many ways upon 
the organic law of Washington. Mr. Kinnear also made a close 
race for the office of first governor of the state, for which he was 
supported by the entire twenty-five delegates from King county and 
received one himdred and thirty votes in the republican state conven- 
tion. He was a member of the state senate in its first and second 
sessions and during both served as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee. It would be impossible to estimate the value of his public 
service but all who know aught of the history of Washington recognize 
its worth and feel that he was among those who laid broad and deep 
the foundation upon which has been builded the superstructure of a 
great commonwealth. He was married at Bloomington, Illinois, 
June 2, 1868, to Miss Rebecca Means, of Bloomington, and they 
became parents of two children, Ritchey M. and Leta, both of Seattle. 
The mother died May 10, 1913. 

Ritchej' M. Kinnear, a resident of Seattle, was born at Paxton, 
Ford county, Illinois, January 18, 1870. He attended the public 
schools to the age of thirteen and then came to Seattle with his parents, 
where he became a student in the Territorial University, now the 
University of Washington. In 1890 he matriculated in the North- 
western University of Evanston, Illinois, where he studied for two 
years and then returned to Seattle. Here he engaged in the real 
estate business with his brother-in-law, A. L. Brown, under the style 
of the Kinnear & Brown Company, and when a change in the person- 
nel of the firm occurred the name was changed to the Kinnear & Paul 
Company. They are well known real estate dealers, conducting an 
extensive business and having a gratifying clientage. Mr. Kinnear, 
like his father, has figured prominently in public connections, having 
represented his district in the state senate from 1902 until 1904. He 
was married in 1893 to Miss Brownie Brown, a daughter of Amos 
Brown, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kinnear have a son, John Amos. 


jFrank ^ines; d^ggoob 

I HERE is probably no man who has taken a more active 
part in the growth and development of Seattle than 
Frank Hines Osgood, who now gives most of his time 
to looking after his extensive interests of various 
kinds. For many years he was connected with street 
railway constniction and operation and from 1884 
to 1888 was the president and general manager of the Seattle Street 
Railway Company. Through his enterprise and capable direction 
the original electric system in Seattle was constructed. This was the 
first railway operated by electricity west of the Mississippi and one of 
the first to be successfully operated in the United States. Mr. Osgood 
built similar systems in a number of other cities of the west but since 
1907 has retired from railroading and is now devoting his attention to 
his various industrial, timber and mining properties. 

Mr. Osgood was born in Charlestown, New Hampshire, February 
2, 1852, his parents being Solomon P. and Susan N. (Bailey) 
Osgood. Through both he is a descendant of early New England 
stock. The Osgoods were originally English, and the family was 
founded in this country in 1637. Through his paternal grandmother, 
Mr. Osgood is a great-grandson of John Bellows, the first settler 
at Walpole, New Hampshire, for whom the town of Bellows Falls, 
on the opposite side of the Connecticut river, was named. The Baileys 
were of Welsh extraction, and the family became residents of Massa- 
chusetts in the latter part of the seventeenth century. Salmon P. 
Chase was a member of the family of Mr. Osgood's maternal grand- 

Frank H. Oisgood received his fundamental education in the vil- 
lage school of Charlestown, New Hampshire, and subsequently at- 
tended the New London University at New London, that state. The 
opportunities of the far west induced him to come to Seattle, Wash- 
ington, in 1883, and soon afterward he became actively connected 
with street railway construction. The larger part of his labors for 
the next twenty-three years were devoted to railway building and 
operation. After a franchise had been granted for a street railway in 
Seattle, Mr. Osgood, without any previous experience, set himself to 
build the road, realizing the ultimate value of such a property. 

552 jFcanb l^ineg ffl)0gooD 

This was the first street railway in Washington territory. He was 
president and general manager thereof from its organization in 1884 
until the Seattle Electric Railway was organized in 1888. It was 
alone through his enterprise and under his able direction that the 
original electric road in Seattle was constructed. It was the first elec- 
tric railway west of the Mississippi and one of the first to be success- 
fully operated within the United States and even in the world. In 
1890 Mr. Osgood built an electric railway in Portland, Oregon, and 
during the years following carried to completion similar undertakings 
in Tacoma, Bellingham, Port Townsend, Spokane, Fidalgo Island 
and Victoria and Vancouver, British Columbia. He also made a con- 
tract for and built the West Street & North End Electric Railway 
from Seattle to Ballard, which is now a part of the Seattle -Electric 
Railway. He also built the Rainier avenue line from Seattle to Rai- 
nier Beach. The latter line he purchased and extended to Renton. 
He owned this line individually, finally disposing of it to its present 

Since retiring from the street railway business in 1907, Mr. 
Osgood has given his attention to his various interests, which include 
important industrial enterprises and timber and mining properties. 
His mining interests consist of gold, silver and lead mines, the latter 
situated in Oregon and California, and he has other property interests 
in Seattle and elsewhere. Among the industrial enterprises with 
which he is associated is the Smith Cannery Machine Company of 
Seattle, with which he became connected at its inception, since which 
time he has been active in the successful management of its affairs. 
Mr. Osgood has become one of the leading capitalists of Seattle and 
such success as has attended his labors is highly merited, as it has come 
to him in return for unflagging enterprise and his superior judgment 
in business affairs. He has had confidence in the future of the west, 
and his faith has brought him golden returns. 

In the town of his birth — Charlestown, New Hampshire — Mr. 
Osgood was united in marriage to Miss Georgina B. Arquit, of Brook- 
lyn, New York, who is a daughter of Joseph and Ellen (Douglas) 
Arquit. Mr. Osgood was one of the incorporators of the Rainier 
Club of Seattle and is a member of the Seattle Golf and Country 
Club and the Rocky Mountain Club of New York city. He has 
always been a lover of out-of-door life and a great admirer of nature. 
He has done eminently valuable work in western America as a builder 
of electric roads, and particularly in Seattle his constructive work 
could not be easily forgotten. 

oC OU , /<ZTin/^K^K\jiAy ^ 

Ipman Matter J^onnep 

)YMAN WALTER BONNEY, who is a member of 

LM[ *'^^ Bonney- Watson Company, fmieral directors, has 
^ spent almost his entire life on the Pacific coast and 
5 ni throughout the entire period has been imbued with 
the spirit of enterprise that characterizes this section 
of the country. Today the company have the finest 
and best equipped estabhshment of the kind in the United States and 
are controlling a large business. A native of Des Moines county, 
Iowa, he was born March 17, 1843, a son of Sherwood Samuel Bon- 
ney, who was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, in 1812 and was but a 
small boy when his father died. His mother afterward became the 
wife of a Mr. Streeter and removed to Portage county, Ohio, where 
he grew to manhood. In the late '30s he married Miss Elizabeth 
Burns and moved to Iowa, where he followed the occupation of farm- 
ing on land ceded to him by the government, there remaining until 
the spring of 1852, when with his wife and six sons he migrated to 
Oregon. He crossed the plains with an ox team and prairie schooner, 
arriving at Oregon City in early November. He passed the winter 
near there and the following siunmer at Salem, Oregon. During 
the fall of 1853 he continued his journey to Puget Sound, arriving 
at Steilacoom, Pierce county, early in November. He took up a 
donation claim at American Lake, where he lived for several years 
and in 1863 located a preemption claim near Sumner, Pierce county, 
whei-e he resided until his death March 29, 1908. He enjoyed the dis- 
tinction of being the first justice of the peace elected in that county. 
His first wife died while crossing the plains and in 1853 he married 
Mrs. Lydia Ann Bonney, to whom were born three sons and two 
daughters : William Pierce, Clarence, Fred W., Lucy Elizabeth and 
Etta. His children by his first marriage Avere: Edward P., David 
H., Lyman W., Samuel A., Alvin and Ransom K. Bonney. Lydia 
Ann Bonney, his second wife, was the widow of Timothy Bonney, by 
whom she had three children: Levi C, Mary Emeline and Sarah A. 

In 1859 L. W. Bonney left home to learn the carpenter's trade 
and for a period of five years was a resident of The Dalles, Oregon. 
Following the gold excitement he went to Silver City, Idaho, and 

556 Lgman malm Igonneg 

there became interested in a sash and door factory and planing mill, 
conducting a growing and successful business until 1873, when he 
disposed of his interest to his partner, T. W. Jones. The succeeding 
five years were spent in San Francisco and there he engaged in the 
fascinating game of dealing in mining stocks, at the end of which time 
his "get-rich-quick" idea was entirely eliminated, for losses instead of 
success had come to him. In 1877 he went to Puget Sound and for 
one season engaged in farming there, after which he worked at his 
trade in Tacoma during the spring and simimer of 1878. He next 
made his way to Portland, Oregon, where he followed his trade until 
1881. In that year he acquired a half interest in the undertaking 
business of his brother-in-law, O. C. Shorey, conducting the business 
under the name of O. C. Shorey & Company. In 1889 G. M. Stewart 
purchased Mr. Shorey's interest and they organized the firm of 
Bonney & Stewart. In 1903 H. Watson acquired an interest in the 
business, which was then incorporated under the name of Bonney- 
Watson Company, Mr. Bonney being elected president, which posi- 
tion he still fiUs, while Mr. Watson was the secretary and treasurer. 
The establishment has the distinction of being the finest and best 
equipped in the United States. There is in connection a modern 
crematory and columbarium, also a private ambulance service, all 
under one roof, and there is an efficient corps of assistants, making it 
possible to give the best service. Every part of the business is 
efficiently done, owing to the wise direction of its affairs. 

On the 1st of December, 1884, in San Francisco, California, Mr, 
Bonney was united in marriage to Mrs. Eimice (Heckle) Hughes, 
daughter of Henry Heckle, a United States army officer, and widow 
of Samuel Hughes. She had one son and four daughters, as follows: 
Henry Heckle Hughes, who died in 1876 at the age of eighteen years; 
Ida Evelyn, who gave her hand in marriage to Orville Moore, by 
whom she had two sons and two daughters; Martha Marilla, who 
first became the wife of James McDonald and after his demise in the 
latter part of 1880 wedded Edward Damon, by whom she has a 
daughter, Doris Bonney Damon; Sarah Grayson, the wife of Fred 
A. Johnson, by whom she has two daughters, Bonney Doris and 
Leilla Eunice; and Clara Amelia Hughes. Mrs. Martha M. 
(Hughes) Damon had one son by her first husband, Theron, who 
passed away in 1913. 

Fraternally Mr. Bonney is identified with the following organiza- 
tions: St. John's Lodge, No. 9, F. & A. M., having the honor of 
holding the office of treasurer in that lodge for twenty-six consecu- 
tive years and still filling the position; Seattle Commandery, No. 2, 

Lgman maltet Igonneg 557 

K. T.; Nile Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; Lawson Consistory, thirty- 
second degree Scottish Rite. He is likewise a past grand in the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and is connected with several 
other organizations. Mr. Bonney is an ardent supporter of the 
principles of the republican party but he does not seek nor desire 
office as a reward for party fealty. He belongs to the Arctic Club 
and his interest in community aif airs is indicated by his membership 
in the Commercial Club and the Chamber of Commerce. He co- 
operates in all the plans and projects of those organizations for the 
development and upbuilding of the city and it is a well known fact 
that his cooperation can be counted upon to further any plan or 
movement for Seattle's benefit. 

^J/^ex^A (L^2-^,..,t^ 

Jf rank 0it9ion 

jRANK OLE SON, who is one of the leading attorneys 
of Seattle, is also connected with the commercial and 
official life of this city. He was born in Trondhjem, 
Norway, on the 6th of March, 1862, and received his 
education in the public schools of his native land. 
For six years he followed the sea as a sailor but in 
1882 he emigrated to America and made his way to Omaha, Ne- 
braska, where he was employed in the postoffice until 1888. 
In that j^ear he came to Seattle and for a time worked in the postoffice 
here. The following year he established the Washington Posten, 
now the leading Norwegian weekly in the west, and later he became 
an employe in the city engineer's office. However, he desired to be- 
come an attorney and accordinglj^ qualified for admission to the bar. 
In June, 1895, he was admitted to practice in the supreme court of 
Washington and is now a member of the law firm of Willett & Oleson, 
the senior partner being O. L. Willett. They have gained an enviable 
position at the bar of Seattle and are accorded a large, representative 
and lucrative practice. They are also factors in the commercial life 
of the city. 

Mr. Oleson was married, in Omaha, Nebraska, December 4, 1886, 
to Polla Strom Oleson and their children are Frank, Jr., Alfred C, 
Carrie E., Harold E., Mildred E. and Thomas R. 

Mr. Oleson is a republican and was at one time prosecuting attor- 
ney of Wahkiakum county. For several years he served ably as 
secretary of the board of public works and in the discharge of his 
duties promoted the public welfare. He is identified with the Sons 
of Norway and was chairman of the committee that erected Norway 
Hall, the home of that growing organization. Probably there is no 
citizen of the entire northwest who has done more to encourage the 
immigration of the Noi-wegian people to this part of America than 
Mr. Oleson, nor is there any who has done more to advance their 
interests as American citizens. He was the first one to publish a 
paper giving the advantages of this country and Seattle in particular 
and devoted exclusively to the Norwegian people. For some time 
he has been at work on a History of the Norwegians in The Puget 

562 jFranb ffl)teson 

Sound Country, His religious faith is that of the Norwegian Luth- 
eran church and he can be depended upon to further movements 
seeking the moral advancement of the city. The large measure of 
success which he has gained is due solely to his energy and spirit of 
initiative and he is recognized as a factor of importance in the legal 
and business circles of Seattle. 


Eotiert <§, Mesiterman 

jOBERT G. WESTERMAN, a man of strict busi- 

R™/ ness integrity, who for a quarter of a century was 
^ active in the upbuilding of Seattle, where for twenty- 
'M six years he made his home, was instrumental in the 
establishment of the Westerman Iron Works and 
remained president of the company until his demise. 
A native of Michigan, he was born in Coldwater, in 1843, and came 
of Swedish lineage. His parents, Peter and Peternella (Nystrom) 
Westerman, were both natives of Sweden but in 1841 left that country 
and sailed for the United States. Making their way westward, the 
father engaged in agricultural pursuits in Michigan until 1849, when, 
prompted by the discovery of gold on the Pacific coast, he went to 
California, where he engaged in placer mining. In 1855 he returned 
•with his wife to Sweden. Both were of the Lutheran faith and closely 
adhered to that belief. 

Robert G, Westerman acquired his early education under his 
mother's careful guidance, having the privilege of attending school for 
only four months, this being when he was in Sacramento, California. 
He was a little lad of but ten summers when he began learning the 
blacksmith's trade with an uncle. In 1867 he went to Chicago, where 
for eleven months he was employed in the shops of the Illinois Central 
Railroad Company and subsequently he worked for the Central 
Pacific Railroad Company in California and in Nevada, also holding 
responsible positions in large mines and iron works of those states. 
He became chief engineer and blacksmith for the Consolidated Vir- 
ginia mine and was associated with other prominent mining interests. 
He afterward went to Arizona on a mining expedition and spent 
some time in the employ of the Contention Mining & Mill Company. 
He next engaged in mining on his own account at Tombstone, Ari- 
zona, where he remained for a year and a half. Disposing of his 
interests there, he went to Mexico as representative of a leading 
mining company, and in that country was engaged in erecting mining 
machinery at various places. When he left the south it was for the 
purpose of going to Alaska but changing his plans he made his way 
to the mines of Idaho, at Eagle City, where he engaged in mining 

566 BoSett <g« CQggtctman 

for three years. For a time he met with substantial success there but 
after leaving that country he lost his entire earnings. 

The year 1886 witnessed the arrival of Mr. Westerman in Seattle, 
■where for a year and a half he worked for wages but in 1888 he em- 
barked in business on his own account, starting his enterprise in a 
himible way, with only one forge. He closely applied himself to the 
work of upbuilding the business and under his able control the trade 
grew steadily, so that in 1889 he was obhged to seek more commodious 
quarters. The building into which he then moved was completed on 
the 20th of May but on the 6th of June of the same year was entirely 
destroyed by the terrible fire that swept over the city, thus causing 
the loss of the savings of Mr. Westerman in a few moments. He 
was never discouraged in the face of the gravest obstacles, however, 
and with undaunted perseverance and courage set to work to again 
upbuild his fortunes. He built a shop and in a short time was able 
to establish a plant larger than the one he had before. In fact he 
erected three different shops in one year. In 1898 the business was 
incorporated under the name of the Westerman Iron Works, with 
Mr. Westerman as the president and A. T. Timmerman, secretary. 
These two gentlemen owned the entire plant, which became one of 
the important industrial undertakings of the city. It was well 
equipped with the latest improved machinery and everything possible 
was done to facilitate the work. He was ever ready to put forth 
effort to gain a start and to lend a helping hand or speak an encour- 
aging word to those who were endeavoring to gain a foothold in the 
business world. 

In 1883 Mr. Westerman was united in marriage to Mrs. Harriet 
Ray Compton, who by her former marriage had a son, John Ray 
Compton. By the second marriage there was born one son, Frank. 
Mr. Westerman was a republican and his interest in politics was that 
of a citizen who recognizes the duties and obligations as well as the 
privileges which come to the American man. In Masonry he was 
well known. He belonged to Eureka Lodge, No. 20, F. & A. M., 
Seattle Commandery, No. 2, K. T., and to Nile Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine, and when he passed away, October 28, 1912, at the 
age of sixty-nine years, the funeral services were conducted by his 
Masonic brethren. He had always been most loyal to the teachings 
of the craft and his life exemplified its beneficent spirit. One who 
knew him well said of him: "He was known as a man of seasoned 
judgment, large experience and extreme fairness. His business in- 
tegrity was unquestioned and he always showed a disposition and 
willingness to serve humanity, yet with quietness and unostentation. 

Kofiett a. mtstetmm 


His attitude toward yovmger business men with whom he was as- 
sociated in various ways was considerate far beyond the average man. 
He was glad to encourage them for the right, was interested in their 
plans, a father in his kindness and tenderness. As such he will be 
remembered by those who knew him best." 

^^^^ ,.:^ 

^Iton ». Xeonarb 

XTON W. LEONARD is the president of the Puget 
Sound Traction, Light & Power Conijjany and that 
he has been chosen as the chief executive head of an 
extensive corporation that is of vital worth to the 
community at once estabhshes his position as a re- 
sourceful, alert and enterprising business man. He 
is a product of the east both in birth and business training and has 
found in the conditions of the growing west the stimulus that has 
called forth his powers and his energies. He was born in Monmouth, 
Maine, April 8, 1873, a son of Fred A. and Lizzie A. (Parker) 
Leonard, who are also natives of that state. The father is now a 
retired contractor of Braintree, Massachusetts. 

Alton W. Leonard secured his education in the public schools of 
Boston and Brockton, Massachusetts, and subsequently was employed 
for five or six years as bookkeeper by A. S. Porter & Sons, of Brock- 
ton, Massachusetts. He entered the employ of the Stone & Webster 
Management Association, now general managers of the Puget Sound 
Traction, Light & Power Company, at Brockton, Massachusetts, as 
assistant treasurer of the Edison Electric Illuminating Company of 
that city, operating a light and power plant, and since 1895 he has 
been continuously a representative of those eastern capitalists. From 
the position of assistant treasurer he was advanced to that of super- 
intendent and later to that of manager at Brockton. In 1903 he 
went to Houghton, Michigan, as superintendent of the Houghton 
County Electric Light Company and later became manager not only 
of the electric light plant but also of the Houghton County Traction 
Company operated by the Stone & Webster Management Associa- 
tion in Houghton county, where he remained for four years. On the 
expiration of that period he was transferred to Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota, having been appointed manager of the Minneapolis General 
Electric Company, operated by the Stone & Webster Management 
Association. His next promotion brought to him the duties of vice 
president as well as of manager and finally he was made district 
manager of the companies under Stone & Webster management in 
the central west. 


572 aiton m, LeonatD 

Following the demise of Richard T, LafRn, district manager in 
Seattle for the Stone & Webster interests, Mr. Leonard was trans- 
ferred from Minneapolis to tliis city to assume the duties of vice 
president and general manager of the Puget Sound Traction, Light 
& Power Company and vice president of the subsidiary corporations 
of that compan)^ He continued in that connection until upon the 
death of Jacob Furth he succeeded to the presidency, his appointment 
being made in Boston by the directors of the traction company to take 
effect on the 1st of November, 1914. This brought to him added re- 
sponsibilities but also broader opportunities. He has now been with 
the company for twenty years and is one of its most trusted, capable 
and efficient representatives. Step by step he has progressed and his 
developing powers have gained for him the advancement which now 
places him in executive control of one of the most important public 
utilities of the northwest. In his present position he is studying every 
phase of the business, not only to give the company the best service 
possible but to give the city the best, knowing that it is only along this 
line of mutual benefit that the best results can be obtained. At the 
time that he was made president of the Puget Soimd Traction, Light 
& Power Company Mr. Leonard was also elected a director. 

In 1896 Mr. Leonard was married at Brockton, Massachusetts, to 
Miss Annie A. Keith and they became the parents of four children. 
He is a home man, finding his greatest pleasure in the companionship 
of his family, yet he is also popular in club circles and belongs to the 
Rainier Club, the Arctic Club, the Seattle Yacht Club and the Seattle 
Golf Club and is a trustee of the Chamber of Commerce. He greatly 
enjoys outdoor sports, especially golf, motoi'ing, fishing and hunting. 
Above all, he is a typical business man of the age. 


OTiUiam JHartin 

;iLLIAM MARTIN, an active member of the Seattle 
bar since 1890, was born March 24, 1864, near Ke- 
wanee, Ilhnois, but the following year was taken by 
his parents to Wisconsin, the family home being 
established on a farm near Momit Horeb. He re- 
mained in that locality until he entered the University 
of Wisconsin for the completion of his more specifically literary 
course. He was graduated from that institution with the class of 
1889, winning the degree of Bachelor of Letters. Having determined 
upon the practice of law as a life work, he then began studying with 
that end in view and was graduated as a law student with the class 
of 1890, being admitted to practice before the supreme court of 
Wisconsin on the 25th of June of that year. 

Mr. Martin spent the summer in Wisconsin but in October, 1890, 
removed westward to Seattle, where he opened a law office and has 
since followed his profession, making steady progress in connection 
with a calling where advancement depends entirely upon individual 
merit, a calling that has always been regarded as conserving the rights 
of the individual and establishing justice. 

On the 23d of March, 1895, Mr. Martin was married to Miss J. R. 
Replinger and to them have been born two children, Charlotte Isabel 
and Adelaide M., aged respectively seventeen and fifteen years. 



foijn €. ^osinell, ill* ®, 

)R. JOHN C. GOSNELL, who for eleven years has 
been continuously in the practice of medicine and sur- 
gery in Seattle, was born in Lake Beauport, province 
of Quebec, August 8, 1854. His father, John Gos- 
nell, started in business in the city of Quebec in 
partnership with his brother-in-law, Alexander Lear- 
month, in a foundry and machine works. Disposing of his interest in 
the business to his partner, he engaged in the timber business and in 
farming at Lake Beauport, in the seignory of St. Francis, near the 
city of Quebec, and as a farmer he continued for the rest of his life 
successively in the counties of Grey and Kent in the province of 
Ontario, Canada, and in the province of British Columbia. Natur- 
al\y, however, his genius was for mechanics. John Gosnell, himself 
of Enghsh, Irish and Welsh descent, married Margaret Fachney, 
who was born in the Brig of Allen, in the old parish of Logic, near 
Stirling, Scotland, where her forbears had lived for centimes. Her 
father, James Fachney, architect and stonemason, a man of extra- 
ordinary mechanical skiU, was for a long time factor of the Duke of 
Buccleigh, one of whose castles he spent nine years in restoring. Un- 
der ducal auspices he received a grant of land in the western part 
of Upper Canada, as Ontario used to be called, and emigrated to 
America. Landing at Quebec he was induced to remain there and 
followed his profession as an architect and contractor until he retired 
to a farm in Lake Beauport, where he also built and ran a sawmill, 
never claiming his land. John GosneU, Sr., died at Victoria, British 
Columbia, aged seventy-seven years, and his wife, the Doctor's 
mother, lived on into her ninety-second year. She was a remarkable 
■woman in many ways and a great student of history, but Scottish and 
church history in particular. Her memory was undimmed up to the 
time of her last sickness, a short time before her death. Her keen 
perception of mankind was remarkable. She knew people like an 
open book after having a few moments' conversation with them. She 
inherited the love of books from her father, who had a rare collection 
of the valuable works of his time. 

The Gosnells are an old English family, dating back to or before 

580 3[oi)n €♦ (gpgnell, Qj, D, 

the reign of King John, though the name has been spelled indiffer- 
ently in a number of ways — Gosnell, Gosnail, Gosneld, Gosnald, 
Gosnold and so on. Their habitat was mainly Suffolk and Norfolk, 
in East Anglia. They seemed to have been a race of respectable, 
well-to-do country squii-es, who never with one exception aspired to 
public life or honors. Some seven or eight centuries ago one of them 
sat in the British parliament. Dm-ing the Civil war, in the reign of 
Charles I, though Tories and Church of England people, they took 
the side of Cromwell, and as a reward for this service after the Restor- 
ation their estates were confiscated. It was at this time that one 
branch of the family settled in West Cork in the south of Ireland, 
where their descendants still are, and from which place, Skiberreen, 
the Doctor's grandfather, came to America about one hundred years 
ago and settled in Quebec. It is interesting to know that two of his 
ancestors, Bartholomew and John, under Sir Walter Raleigh, founded 
the first colony on the east coast of British America, 

The immediate subject of this sketch received his early education 
(there were no public schools in those days) in Quebec and while still 
quite young acquired from his uncle the art of sign writing, painting 
and decorating, in which line in western Ontario he pursued contract- 
ing for some time. Although quite successful in his business, at the 
age of twenty-nine he turned his attention to the study of medicine, 
for which he had a natm-al aptitude. The mechanical instinct prob- 
ably gave him a fondness for surgery, as an important branch of the 
medical profession. He graduated from the Detroit College of 
Medicine in 1888. After a short term of hospital work, Dr. Gosnell 
came to the great west and located at Willapa, Pacific county, Wash- 
ington, where he remained until July, 1895. From there he removed 
to Ilwaco at the mouth of the Columbia, where he followed his pro- 
fession mitil 1901. The arduous labors involved in a country practice 
which extended over the greater part of Pacific county decided him to 
take up city practice. Before entering upon this, however, he devoted 
a year to post graduate work, attending lectures and doing work in 
some of the leading hospitals in the east. 

Retvu-ning west, Dr. Gosnell took up his abode in Belhngham 
and resided there about eighteen months. He removed from there to 
Seattle and since that time has followed his profession here with ex- 
cellent results. He has endeavored to keep abreast of the times in 
medicine and surgery, something which demands unremitting study, 
and has thus been enabled to keep in touch with the most modern 
thought, methods and theories of practice. He has been particularly 
successful in siu*gery. As opportimity offered Dr. Gosnell has made 

investments in property and has large realty holdings both in the state 
of Washington and in the province of British Columbia. 

Dr. Gosnell was fourth of a family of six children, of whom four 
brothers are living. His eldest brother lives in the middle west of 
Canada. He inherited the mechanical genius of the family to a large 
extent and has many ingenious inventions to his credit. His next 
oldest brother, by fate of fortune, followed farming and stock raising, 
at which he was successful and is now retired and lives near Victoria, 
British Colmnbia. His youngest brother has for a long time been 
identified with the civil service and literary life of British Columbia 
and has written extensively on the history and resources of the coun- 
try. On the 4th of March, 1896, Dr. Gosnell married Miss Belle 
Campbell, of Alvinston, Ontario, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William 
Campbell of that place. They were among the early pioneers of 
western Ontario, coming from Argyleshire, Scotland, in 1858. 

Dr. Gosnell has offices at 905-906 Joshua Green building. In 
politics he has been a republican and identified himself with the pro- 
gressive movement in 1912, but has not been an active worker in the 
ranks of recent years, his time being taken up almost entirely with 
his professional duties. He is very much interested in certain phases 
of social politics, if the expression may be used, and among other 
things has strongly advocated the establishment of farms for the 
reformation of dipsomaniacs, drug fiends, hopelessly unemployed, and 
certain classes of criminals who have been the victims of circumstances 
rather than by nature vicious. So far his efforts have not met with 
success, but greater attention is being paid to the question in the state 
as a consequence. Dr. Gosnell belongs to Seattle Lodge, No. 164, 
A. F. & A. M., and to Columbia Lodge, No. 2, A. O. U. W. He is 
likewise a member of the Canadian Club of Seattle, of the Caledonian 
Society, Clan MacKenzie, O. S. C, and is an adherent of the First 
Presbyterian church. One may judge by these connections the nature 
of his interests and activities outside of his practice. Along profes- 
sional lines his membership is with the King County Medical Associa- 
tion, the Washington State Medical Association and the American 
Medical Association. He chose as a life work a calling in which ad- 
vancement depends entirely upon individual merit, and where success 
is based upon scientific knowledge, close application to duty, careful 
and keen diagnosis and the element of himian sympathy. 


Jofjn ^. #raj)am 

ROMINENT among the leading merchants of Seattle 
is John S. Graham, whose splendidly appointed 
establishment, including a line of millinery, suits, 
coats, waists and fine apparel for women, is one of 
the finest stores on the Pacific coast. In fact, it is 
scarcely surpassed in the entire country. Perhaps in 
New York and Chicago are establishments of greater size, but none 
show more discriminating taste in the selection and display of goods, 
rendering it one of the most beautiful stores of its kind in America. 
Well formulated plans, executed with promptness and decision and 
characterized by unswerving commercial integrity, have constituted 
the basis of his growing success. A native of Fifeshire, Scotland, 
Mr. Graham is descended from one of the old families of that country, 
his father being Andrew Graham, who was a tanner and controlled 
one of the largest enterprises of that character in Scotland. 

After acquiring a high school education John S. Graham served a 
four years' apprenticeship to the dry goods business and since starting 
out on his own account has never been in any line save that of women's 
furnishings. He arrived in Seattle in 1889, immediately after the 
great fire, when there were practically no stores in the town. For 
one dollar per front foot he rented space for a tent next to the present 
location of the Cheasty store, on Second and Spring streets. Later he 
found a man occupying what he considered a much better location, 
there selling chickens, rabbits, etc., in a large tent. Mr. Graham 
then bought the man out and occupied the tent, just opposite the pres- 
ent Butler Hotel. When the Butler Hotel building was erected he 
rented a store in it from Daniel Jones and Guy Phinney, there 
remaining for five years, at the end of which time he removed to the 
Boston block, there continuing until about four years ago, when he 
established his business at his present location at Second and Spring 
streets, just across the street from where he started upon his business 
career in Seattle in a tent. In some seasons his employes num- 
bered one hundred and fifty and he has one of the finest and most 
up-to-date stores in Seattle, carrying a large and attractive line of 
millinery, suits, coats, waists and evening apparel for women. Every- 
thing is tastefully arranged and the appointments of the store are 

586 31oi>n ^« (Dtai)am 

most attractive. He carries the latest goods which the markets of the 
world aiFord and the most fastidious and critical taste can here find 
satisfaction. His establishment is popular with the public and the 
growth of the business is indicated in a comparison of his little tent 
store with the present extensive and well appointed establishment. 
When he started out upon his business career in Seattle, opening 
his store, all goods were marked in plain figures and a one price system 
was inaugurated — a rule from which he has never deviated to the 
slightest extent as the years have gone on. When a sale of goods in 
this establishment is advertised the public knows that the announce- 
ment means exactly what it says and Mr. Graham has thus gained 
and held the confidence of the people by his strict business principles 
and his unfaltering adherence to the highest standards of honesty and 
honorable dealing. 

In Sacramento, California, Mr. Graham was married to Miss 
Josephine Spencer, a native of Boston, and they have one son, 
Robert, who is now associated with his father in business, having made 
his first trip to the east as a buyer for the house in the fall of 1914. 
The family occupy a handsome residence at No. 404 Harvard avenue. 
North, and in addition Mr. Graham owns much other valuable real 
estate in the city. He votes independently in politics, supporting the 
best man irrespective of party, seeking ever by his ballot to promote 
good, clean government. He is identified with the Arctic, Seattle 
Athletic and other leading clubs of the city and of several is a life 
member. His friends, and they are many, find him a pleasant, con- 
genial companion and the public accords him honor and respect for 
what he has accomplished and the methods which he has followed, his 
course at all times measuring up to the highest commercial standards. 

^ ^ l-fC^CZ-^jUy^ 

^imotfjp ®. Jlincfelep 

IMOTHY D. HINCKLEY was numbered among 
those who engaged in farming on the present site 
of the city of Seattle. Tall trees stood where electric 
light poles are now to be seen and native grasses 
covered the sections which have been converted into 
broad thoroughfares, in which is heard the rumble 
of traffic that connects Seattle in its trade relations with many parts 
of the world. Mr. Hinckley lived to witness remarkable changes, 
for he made his home in the Sound country for more than six decades. 
He was born in St. Clair county, Illinois, Jime 30, 1827, and is a 
representative of one of the old pioneer families of Hamilton county, 
Ohio. The ancestral line comes from New England. His father, 
Timothy Hinckley, was born in Maine and followed the ship car- 
penter's trade at Bath until 1816, when he removed to Ohio. He 
married Hannah Smith, also a native of Maine, and after living for 
some time in the Buckeye state they became residents of St. Clair 
county, Illinois, where Mr. Hinckley became the owner of a farm. 
He also worked at the builder's trade in St. Louis, Missouri. He 
was about fifty-five years of age at the time of his demise and his 
wife, surviving him for some years, passed away when about the 
same age. They were both consistent and faithful members of the 
Baptist church and Mr. Hinckley, who was a whig in politics, filled 
the office of justice of the peace for a nimiber of years. 

Timothy D. Hinckley was one of a family of eleven children. 
After acquiring a public-school education he took up the study of 
engineering and devoted the early part of his life to work of that 
character. In 1850 he joined a party that on the 30th of April 
started across the plains from Missouri. He drove a mule team and 
was accompanied by his brothers, Samuel and Jacob. It was not 
difficult to obtain buffalo meat on the trip and other wild game was 
also to be secured. They had no encounter of any moment with 
the Indians and after traveling for three months the party reached 
Hangtown, now Placerville, California. There Mr. Hinckley and 
his brother separated and the former engaged in placer mining at 
Cold Springs, but was only fairly successful. He had no better luck 
near Georgetown, on the middle fork of the American river, and later 

590 Cimotftp 5:)« l^inckleg 

proceeded to Volcano and thence to Weaverville, in the Trinity 
country, where he met with much better success. 

It was in March, 1853, that Mr. Hinckley arrived on the present 
site of Seattle and secured a claim bordering Lake Washington. 
There was no market for his farm products, however, and this caused 
him to abandon the work. He afterward removed to Port Madison, 
where he operated an engine for three years, and later he was employed 
as an engineer at Port Orchard. Subsequently he erected a nimiber 
of buildings on and near the site of the Phoenix Hotel, in Seattle, 
but these were destroyed in the great fire of 1889. After disposing 
of that land Mr. Hinckley purchased nine acres on the west side of 
Lake Union and erected thereon a fine residence. It was just after 
the fire that he built the Hinckley block, one hundred and twenty by 
one himdred and eight feet, and five stories and basement in height. 
This proved a paying investment and he retained the ownership of 
the property imtil his death. A portion of his land bordering Lake 
Union was divided and sold as town lots, but he retained four acres 
surrounding his home. 

It was in 1867 that Mr. Hinckley was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Margaret E. Hinckley, widow of his brother Jacob. She was born 
in Ireland and by her fii'st marriage had the following children: 
Katherine Hannah, now the wife of Perry Poison, a prominent mer- 
chant of Seattle; Charles Byron and Mary Francis, who are deceased; 
Clara Duane, the wife of Sherman Moran of Seattle; and two who 
died in infancy in California. Five children were born of her second 
marriage: Ferdinand, who died at the age of twenty-six years; 
Walter Raleigh, who some years previous to his father's death became 
manager of his business interests; Ralph Waldo, deceased; and Ira 
and Lyman, who are at home. Mrs. Hinckley is numbered among 
the pioneer settlers of both California and Washington, having lived 
in the coast country since 1854. 

In politics Mr. Hinckley was a democrat and for many years 
capably served as justice of the peace, his decisions being strictly fair 
and impartial. He also aided in framing the laws of Washington 
during territorial days, being for three terms a representative in the 
general assembly. He was largely influential in securing the passage 
of the liquor license law, requiring the payment of five hundred dollars 
annually as a license, and he was also the author of a bill creating 
and organizing the county of Kitsap. His fraternal relations were 
with the Masons and his religious faith was evidenced by his member- 
ship in the Baptist church. He also belonged to the Pioneers Asso- 
ciation and took a great interest in the meetings of that organization, 

Cimot|)p D. ^incblep 


where he came into contact with other early settlers, who like himself 
had borne a part in the work of developing the comitry, doing away 
with conditions of frontier times and introducing the advantages of 
modern civilization. In the later years of his life he lived retired, 
enjoying the respect and esteem of all, reviewing in retrospect the 
events which had shaped the history of the northwest. He was in the 
eighty-seventh year of his age when called to the home beyond in 
February, 1914. 

^.e^^X^ 8 

Jlertiert Crnegt ^noofe 

lOR a quarter of a century Herbert Ernest Snook has 

F,, J been a resident of Seattle, during which period he has 
(^ engaged actively in law practice. For fifteen years 
\5 I he has followed his profession independent of part- 
nership relations and his ability has gained him high 
rank among the representatives of the Seattle bar. 
He was born at Marion, Linn county, Iowa, April 1, 1868. His 
father, Benjamin Franklin Snook, was born in Zanesville, Ohio, in 
1836, was educated for the ministry, and at the time of his death, which 
occurred in 1905, was pastor of the Universalist church at Webster 
City, Iowa. He was also prominent in fraternal circles and was chap- 
lain of the Masonic lodge of Webster City, while in the order he 
attained to the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Catherine Mary Moore, was of Scotch- 
Irish parentage and was born in Bloomington, Indiana, in 1838. 

Herbert E. Snook is a graduate of a high school of Bloomfield, 
Iowa, where he completed his course with the class of 1886. He was 
afterward graduated from the Southern Iowa Normal School of that 
place in 1888 and he became a law student in the office of McHenry, 
McHenry & McHenry of Des Moines, Iowa, who directed his reading 
until his admission to the bar in 1890. In the meantime he had taught 
school in the Mount Pleasant district of Jefferson county, Iowa, in 
1887, in the schools of Pacific City, Mills county, Iowa, in 1888, and 
was principal of the Park Avenue School of Des Moines in 1889, 
during all of which time he was pursuing his legal studies. 

On the 18th of April, 1890, soon after the great Seattle fire, Mr. 
Snook arrived in this city with the intention of making it his perma- 
nent abode and his residence here has been continuous through the past 
quarter of a century. He formed a partnership with Daniel O. Finch 
for the practice of law on the 1st of June, 1890, and opened law offices 
on the third floor of the Butler block, then just completed. Mr. Finch 
was an elderly man whose office as United States district attorney for 
the state of Iowa under President Cleveland's first administration had 
just expired. On the 1st of January, 1891, they removed to offices in 
the Burke building, then just completed. About six months after the 
formation of this partnership they were joined by Joseph M. Glasgow, 

596 i^ctbett OBrnegt ^nook 

afterward municipal judge of the city of Seattle, in a partnership 
under the firm name of Finch, Snook & Glasgow. That relation was 
dissolved in 1892 when a son of Daniel O. Finch was taken in as a third 
member of the firm under the style Finch, Snook & Finch. In 1893 
that partnership was terminated by the return of Edward Finch to 
Des Moines, Iowa, while Daniel O. Finch retired from practice. Mr. 
Snook remained the sole survivor of the firm and ever since has con- 
tinuously maintained his offices in the Burke building. Daniel O. 
Finch died in Los Angeles, California, in 1909. During the past fif- 
teen years Mr. Snook has practiced law alone save that in some import- 
ant cases he has been associate counsel with other lawyers or they with 
him. He has been connected with much important litigation and in 
the case of Moses vs. the United States he was called in as special 
counsel to assist the late Lyman E. Knapp, ex-governor of Alaska, 
in what was known as the Overtime cases. 

Mr. Snook has been twice married. On the 26th of December, 
1888, at Des Moines, Iowa, he wedded Miss Mary Blanch Mosier, by 
whom he had two daughters, Olive and Catherine. This marriage was 
legally dissolved in 1894 and on the 17th of August, 1899, Mr. Snook 
wedded Donna Emeline Irons at Seattle, Washington. To them have 
been born three children, namely: Dorothy Eleanor, Ruth Radnor 
and Herbert Ernest, Jr. 

From the time when Mr. Snook was able to form an independent 
political opinion he was a conservative democrat until the progressive 
party was organized. His sympathies with it were at once aroused, for 
he believed that its principles coincided with his own more than those 
of any other party. He was a delegate to the progessive state conven- 
tion at Aberdeen in 1912 and was chosen a delegate to the national 
convention held in Chicago. Mr. Snook is a Master Mason and a 
member of Rainier Council, No. 189, of Seattle, and is past regent of 
the Royal Arcanum, belonging to Madrona Council, No. 189, of Seat- 
tle. He is president of the New Queen Anne Improvement Club, which 
office he has held during the past two years, and he stands for advance- 
ment and improvement along all those lines which lead to the material 
and intellectual development of his commimity and which uphold 
projects that are a matter of civic virtue and civic pride. He belongs 
to the Washington State Bar Association, in which his membership 
dates from 1905, and he is also a member of the American Bar Asso- 
ciation, having been elected to that honor in 1909. 

€:i)omas; Jlercer 

)HOMAS MERCER was born in Harrison county, 

T.^w, Ohio, March 11, 1813, the eldest of a large family of 
^\ children. He remained with his father until he was 
P iw twenty-one, gaining a common school education and 
a thorough knowledge of the manufacture of woolen 
goods. His father was the owner of a well appointed 
woolen mill. The father, Aaron Mercer, was born in Virginia and 
was of the same family as General Mercer of Revolutionary fame. 
His mother, Jane Dickerson Mercer, was born in Pennsylvania of 
an old family of that state. 

The family moved to Princeton, Illinois, in 1834, a period when 
buffalo were still occasionally found east of the Mississippi river, and 
savage Indians annoyed and harassed outlying settlements in that 
region. A remarkable coincidence is a matter of family tradition. 
Nancy Brigham, who later became Mr. Mercer's wife, and her familj% 
were compelled to flee by night from their home near Dixon at the 
time of the Black Hawk war, and narrowly escaped massacre. In 
1856, about twenty years later, her daughters, the j^oungest only eight 
years old, also made a midnight escape in Seattle, two thousand miles 
away from the scene of their mother's adventure, and they endured 
the terrors of the attack upon the village a few days later when the 
shots and shouts of hundreds of painted devils rang out in the forest 
on the hillside from a point near the present Union depots to another 
near where Madison street ends at First avenue. 

In April, 1852, a train of about twenty wagons, drawn by horses, 
was organized at Princeton to cross the plains to Oregon. In this 
train were Thomas IMercer, Aaron Mercer, Dexter Horton, Daniel 
Bagley, William H. Shoudy, and their families. Mr. Mercer was 
chosen captain of the train and discharged the arduous duties of that 
position fearlessly and successfully. Danger and disease were on 
both sides of the long, dreary waj% and hundreds of new made graves 
were often counted along the roadside in a day. But this train seemed 
to bear a charmed existence. Not a member of the original party 
died on the way, although man}?^ were seriously ill. Only one animal 
was lost. 


598 CI)oma$ Qgeccer 

As the journey was fairly at an end and western civilization had 
been reached at The Dalles, Oregon, Mrs. Mercer was taken ill, but 
managed to keep up until the Cascades were reached. There she 
grew rapidly worse and soon died. Several members of the expedi- 
tion went to Salem and wintered there and in the early spring of 1853 
Thomas Mercer and Dexter Horton came to Seattle and decided to 
make it their home. Mr. Horton entered immediately upon a business 
career, the success of which is known in California, Oregon and Wash- 
ington, and Mr. Mercer settled upon a donation claun whose eastern 
end was the meander line of Lake Union and the western end, half 
way across to the bay. Mercer street is the dividing line between his 
and D. T. Denny's claims, and all of these tracts were included within 
the city limits about 1885. 

]\Ir. Mercer brought to Seattle one span of horses and a wagon 
from the outfit with which he crossed the plains and for some time all 
the hauling of wood and merchandise was done by him. The wagon 
was the first one in King county. In 1859 he went to Oregon for the 
summer and while there married Hester L. Ward, who lived with him 
nearly forty years, dying in November, 1897. During the twenty 
years succeeding his settlement here he worked hard in clearing the 
farm and carrying on dairying and farming in a small way and doing 
much work with his team. In 1873 portions of the farm came into 
demand for homes and his sales soon put him in easy circumstances 
and in later years made him independent, though the few years of 
hard times prior to his death left but a small part of the estate. 

The old home on the farm that the Indians spared when other 
buildings in the county not protected by soldiers were burned, stood 
until 1900 and was then the oldest building in the county. Mr. D. T. 
Denny had a log cabin on his place which was not destroyed — these 
two alone escaped. The Indians were asked, after the war, why they 
did not burn Mercer's house, to which they replied, "Oh, old Mercer 
might want it again." Denny and Mercer had always been particu- 
larly kind to the natives and just in their dealings and the savages 
seem to have felt some little gratitude toward them. 

In the early '40s Mr. Mercer and Rev. Daniel Bagley were co- 
workers in the anti-slavery cause with Owen Love joy, of Princeton, 
who was known to all men of that period in the great middle west. 
Later Mr. Mercer joined the republican party and was ever an ardent 
supporter of its men and measures. He served for ten years as 
probate judge of King county, and at the end of that period declined 
a renomination. 

In early life he joined the Methodist Protestant church and ever 

Cf?oma0 Qgeccec 599 

continued a consistent member of that body. Rev. Daniel Bagley, 
who participated in the funeral services, was his pastor fifty-two years 
earlier at Princeton, Illinois, and continued to hold that relation to 
him in Seattle from 1860 until 1885, when he resigned his Seattle 

To Mr. Mercer belongs the honor of naming the lakes adjacent 
to and almost sm-rounding the city. At a social gathering or picnic 
in 1855 he made a short address and proposed the adoption of "Union" 
for the small lake between the bay and the large lake, and "Wash- 
ington" for the other body of water. This proposition was received 
Avith favor and at once adopted. In the early days of the county and 
cit}^ he was always active in all public enterprises, ready alike with 
individual eifort and with his purse, according to his ability, and no 
one of the city's thousands took a keener interest or greater pride 
than he in the development of the city's greatness, although latterly 
he could no longer share actively in its accomplishment. He was 
exceedingly anxious to see the Lake Washington canal completed 
between salt water and the lakes. 

Thomas Mercer was born March 11, 1813; married to Nancy 
Brigham, January 25, 1838; died in Seattle, May 25, 1898. 

Nancy Brigham was born June 6, 1816, and died at the Cascades 
of the Columbia, September 21, 1852. 

The children of this marriage were : 

Mary Jane, born January 7, 1839, died September 8, 1910; Eliza 
Ann, born March 30, 1841, died October 24, 1862; Susannah Mercer, 
born September 30, 1843; Alice, born October 26, 1848. 

Thomas Mercer was married to Hester L. Ward in Oregon in 
1859. No children. 

Mary Jane was married to Henry G. Parsons, March 11, 1857. 

Their children were: Flora A., born December 21, 1857; Ella, 
born February 15, 1860, died January 23, 1899; AViUiam M., born 
October 27, 1862, died August 4, 1897; Alice E., born April 4, 1865; 
Annie V., born May 21, 1867; Lela M., born February 4, 1870. 

Ella Parsons married David Fleetwood, December 25, 1880. 

Their children were: David Lee, born October 13, 1881; Carrie 
E., born September 17, 1883; Lyman G., born April 25, 1887; Olive 
P., born October 18, 1891; Edith E., born December 1, 1893. 

Alice Parsons married Thomas T. Parker, August 4, 1897. 

Their children were: Lester L., born May 23, 1900; Lawrence I., 
born July 8, 1902. 

Lela Parsons married Del M. Kagy, June 30, 1893. 

600 Ci)omag Qgetcet 

Their children are : Lloyd Parsons, born July 3, 1894 ; Orville L., 
bom June 15, 1896; Howard R., born March 14, 1904. 

Eliza Ann Mercer married Walter Graham in Seattle in 1857. 

Their children were: William T., bom February 1, 1858; George 
R., born September 20, 1860. 

Susannah Mercer married David Graham in Seattle, May 23, 
1861. No children. 

Alice Mercer married Clarence B. Bagley, December 24, 1865. 

Their children were Rena, Myrta, Ethel W., Alice Claire and 
Cecil Clarence. 

Clause Clinton l^amsia|> 

THOROUGH-GOING American, a loyal and en- 
terprising citizen, and a fine exemplar of true public 
spirit is Claude Clinton Ramsay of Seattle, head of 
the Claude C. Ramsay Company. To his own inter- 
esting personality and unflagging industry is due the 
fact that he occupies place in the first rank of the 
city's successful business men. Genial, companionable, heartily help- 
ful in every plan looking toward the public good, he is looked upon 
with a high degree of respect and sincere regard in the city of his 
home and with the growth of which he has been so intimately identified. 
Mr. Ramsay is a native of North Carolina, his birth having oc- 
curred December 31, 1865, at the family home, "Palermo," in Rowan 
county. He represents one of the old and distinguished families of 
that state. His paternal great-grandfather. Captain Robert Ramsay, 
served with distinction in the war for American independence, par- 
ticipating in the famous engagement at King's Mountain, South 
Carolina, and in other equally important battles. His son. Colonel 
David Ramsay, won distinction in the War of 1812, while Dr. James 
Graham Ramsay, father of Claude Clinton Ramsay, was a noted 
medical practitioner and was a member of the Confederate congress 
at the time of the Civil war. 

Claude Clinton Ramsay's ancestry is distinctively American, and 
the spirit of true American democracy finds expression in his life. 
After obtaining his preliminary education in the primary schools of 
Scotch-Irish township in Rowan county, North Carolina, he continued 
his studies in the Rock Hill Academy at Mount Vernon, North Caro- 
lina, and in the Finley high school of Lenoir, North Carolina, and in 
Eastman's Business College of Poughkeepsie, New York. At the 
end of school days he secured a clerkship in the postoffice at Salis- 
bury, North Carolina, and later was employed in a general mercantile 
establishment there. 

His identification with the Pacific northwest dates from 1890, and 

with the wonderful development which Seattle has made following the 

great fire of 1889 he has been closely and prominently identified. He 

was willing to make a humble start in business circles here but not 


604 ClauDe Clinton Hamsag 

willing to continue in a minor position and natvu*ally worked his way; 
steadUy upward when he secured a position with W. S. Leckie & 
Company, then a prominent dry goods house of the city. In less than 
a year he had risen to the position of head accountant and when the 
firm was reorganized under the name of E. W. Newhall & Company, 
Mr. Ramsay was made financial manager of the business. Seven 
years later he entered upon an independent business career, opening 
an insurance office. In this connection his extensive friendships and 
knowledge of opportunities united to make his progress rapid, and 
when little more than a year had passed he organized the firm of 
Ramsay & Battle, with Edgar Battle as his partner. In addition to 
the insurance business they established a realty department and almost 
from the beginning enjoyed an extensive patronage. Some time later 
the firm name was changed to the Claude C. Ramsay Company, and 
for some time the concern has specialized in handling and developing 
its own properties. In this work the company has been exceptionally 
well directed and has been a strong factor in the expansion and up- 
building of Seattle. Mr. Ramsay individually owns large properties 
and has led the way in the matter of improvements in every district 
where his properties are located. He is the builder and owner of 
Carolina Court, one of the finest and most modern apartment houses 
in the west, and of many other substantial structures. He has always 
been a pioneer in the projection and a heavy contributor to the cost of 
Seattle's great street grades and other big public improvements. 

On December 20, 1898, Mr. Ramsay married Miss Grace Eleanor 
Anderson, of Seattle, a representative of an old and respected pioneer 
family, her father being A. C. Anderson. Residing with Mr. and 
Mrs. Ramsay is their nephew, Claude C. Ramsay, a son of James Hill 
Ramsay of North Carolina. This nephew graduates from high school 
in 1916 and is a member of the Washington State Militia. The in- 
terest of Claude C. Ramsay largely centers in the family of his brother 
James, whose first son, James Graham Ramsay, will be graduated 
next year from the North Carolina State University. He, too, is a 
member of the state militia. He has had four years of study at the 
Horner Military School and one year at Randolph-Macon. The two 
daughters of the family are Annie Laurie, the wife of Thomas Hines, 
and Miss Eleanor Ramsay. 

Mr. Ramsay is prominent in club circles as he is in the business 
life of Seattle, his name being on the membership rolls of the Rainier 
Club, the Seattle Athletic Club, the Seattle Golf and Country Club, 
the Seattle Chamber of Conmierce, the Commercial Club and the 
Good Roads and Seattle Automobile Clubs. He is a trustee of the 

ClauDe Clinton Kamsag eos 

Chamber of Commerce and a member of the executive committee of 
the publicity and industrial bureau. He also has membership with 
the North Carolina Society, the Washington Sons of the Revolution, 
of which he is a life member, the Union Club of Tacoma and the 
Young Men's Republican Club of Seattle. He entered the Wash- 
ington State Legislature as a republican in 1907, actively defended 
his views upon the floor of the house and supported many progressive 
legislative measures. From the beginning of his legislative service he 
took the lead in advocacy of laws which, by their enactment, opened 
the way to the present system of improved highways of which the state 
of Washington is justly proud. There had been talk of "good roads," 
but Mr. Ramsay was the pioneer in coordinating public sentiment, and 
the real beginning on good roads in his state was due to his personality 
and persistence. One of the biographers said of him in this connection : 

"Mr. Ramsay entered the Washington state legislature in 1907, 
and in a short time won an enviable reputation as an active and fear- 
less lawmaker. One of the enduring monuments to his efforts at 
Olympia is our present system of improved highways, for which a 
large share of the credit should be attributed to his farsightedness. 
Business instinct and training gave Mr. Ramsay an ability for organ- 
ization seldom found in the legislator. Approached by a delegation of 
representative Seattle business men with the request that he accept the 
nomination for mayor, Mr. Ramsay was compelled to refuse it because 
of the large business interests which for years have left him but small 
leisure time. Upon his retirement from the legislature in 1907 he 
was tendered the most unusual honor of a banquet by his colleagues, 
members of the house of representatives from King county, and neigh- 
boring delegations at the state capital. This unique recognition of 
Mr. Ramsay's talents as a law-builder and organizer has seldom been 
duplicated in the historj' of the state of Washington. To the personal 
activity and individual enterprise of Mr. Ramsay is due no small share 
of credit for the general and steady progress of the city in which he 
makes his home. He has been identified with every imdertaking 
directed toward civic growth and improvement; a foremost figure in 
every movement for the public good. His voluntary pilgrimage to 
the Orient, through Mexico and British Columbia in the interests of 
the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition of 1909, giving largely of 
time, thought and money to insure its success, was typical of the man. 
as was his action inducing the legislature of his native state. North 
Carolina, to indorse the exposition. 

Mr. Ramsaj' continues to take an active interest in eveiy phase of 
Seattle's growth, despite his numerous business cares, and being still 


ClauDe Clinton mamsag 

in the prime of life, will doubtless be privileged to witness many of the 
great projects come true in whose inception he took such a prominent 
part. Now, as for many years, he is universally recognized as one of 
Seattle's most valuable citizens. 

Mr. Ramsay is one of the best poised of men. He never seems to 
lose grasp of himself or of the situation with which he deals and views 
every question from a broad standpoint. He seems to see not only 
present but future relations and conditions and his even balance weighs 
every possible problem and determines the true value of every project 
either of a business or public nature. 

jNE of the strong members of the Seattle bar is Judge 
Joseph M. Glasgow, his strength arising from the 
fact that his knowledge of the law is comprehensive 
and exact, his preparation of cases thorough and 
exhaustive. He knows that he is in the right when 
he enters upon the trial of a case and nothing can 
thwart him from the purpose of securing justice. His name has 
been associated with much of the most important litigation tried in 
the courts of the district in recent years. 

Judge Glasgow was born on a farm seven miles northeast of 
Washington, in Washington county, Iowa, July 22d, 1861, a son of 
Samuel Black and Phoebe Anne (Robertson) Glasgow. The father, 
who was born in Adams county, Ohio, in 1830, died in Seattle in 
1907, while the mother, born in Washington county, New York, in 
1829, died in Washington county, Iowa, in 1969. Mr. Glasgow had 
been previovisly married in Ohio, in 1851, and had two childi'en by 
his first wife — William Bebb, who was born in Ohio, in 1852, and 
is now living in Whittier, California, and Elizabeth, who was bom 
in 1854 and died in Washington county, Iowa, in 1885, after devoting 
her life to teaching. The former is a prosperous fruit grower and 
farmer and is married and has five children. Having lost his first 
wife, Mr. Glasgow was married in Jefferson county, Iowa, in 1857 
to Phoebe A. Robertson and they had two children, the younger 
being Anna, who was born in 1863, and died in Seattle, in 1899. She 
was married to David Wilson, of Great Falls, Montana, in 1890, 
and at her death left a daughter, Doris, who was born in Seattle, in 
1896, and is now a sophomore in the University of Washington. For 
his third wife Mr. Glasgow wedded Mrs. Mary A. Armstrong, whose 
son by her first marriage is Dr. James T. Armstrong, a physician 
who specialized in the treatment of the eye, ear, nose and throat at 
Omaha, Nebraska, and afterward established the school for feeble 
minded at Beatrice, Nebraska, acting as its superintendent to the 
time of his death in 1902. By his third marriage Mr. Glasgow had 
two children, Eliza Grace, who was bom in Washington county, 
Iowa, in 1871, and Ruhamah, born in the same county in 1873. The 
former was graduated in 1900 from the University of Washington 

610 3luDgg 3[oggpt) g^« <glaggotp 

and was president of her class. She is now a teacher of Seattle. The 
latter was married in 1898 to Samuel Archer of Seattle and they have 
two children. The Glasgows come of Scotch-Irish ancestry, and the 
family have retained the characteristics of the Scotch race including 
the religious belief, nearly all of the immediate family of Joseph M. 
Glasgow, save himself, being United Presbyterians and nearly all 
of liis relatives Presbyterians or Covenanters. His great-great- 
grandfather, Robert Glasgow, was a Scot and emigrated from Bel- 
fast, Ireland, with his two brothers in 1765, settling in Rockbridge 
county, Virginia. From one of these brothers is descended Ellen 
Glasgow, the author, of Richmond, Virginia. Robert Glasgow, who 
served as a soldier in the Revolutionary war, removed to Adams 
county, Ohio, sixty miles above Cincinnati, in 1793. The great-grand- 
father was William Glasgow, a soldier of the War of 1812, The 
grandfather was Joseph Montgomery Glasgow, who was born in 
1806 and was named for his maternal grandfather. He, too, was a 
Revolutionary war soldier and pioneer settler of Missouri. He 
owned slaves, but having conscientious scruples against slavery 
manumitted his bondmen. Joseph Montgomery Glasgow, the 
grandfather of J. M. Glasgow of Seattle, was an abohtionist, living 
across the river from a slave state, Kentucky, and in a district where 
the anti-slave agitation was hottest. His home became a station on 
the famous underground railroad. In the '50s he removed west to 
Washington county, Iowa, and for many years was a member of 
the board of covmty supervisors there. 

In tracing the ancestry in the maternal line it is found that William 
Robertson, great-great-grandfather of J. M. Glasgow, emigrated 
from Scotland in 1758, and settled in eastern New York. He was 
accompanied by Edward Small, the great-grandfather of Mrs. 
Phoebe A. Glasgow, and both were soldiers of the Revolutionary 
war. John Robertson, grandfather of J. M. Glasgow, was born in 
1787, was a tanner by trade and developed a profitable business in 
Cambridge, New York. He was on a visit to Ireland when the War 
of 1812 broke out and with some difficulty managed to get back, after 
which he participated in the struggle. His son, James Edward 
Robertson, now deceased, succeeded to the father's business and at 
one time was internal revenue collector of his district by appointment 
of President Cleveland. Another son, Dr. William Hamilton 
Robertson, was a surgeon in the army during the Civil war and in 
March, 1866, became a pioneer physician of Seattle, at which time 
the city had less than one thousand population. Here he practiced his 
profession until September, 1869, when he removed to California, 

3Iu0ge 3[ogeplj 9g, (glaggoto eii 

where he died in 1873. He married a daughter of Sarah M. Renton 
and stepdaughter of Captain William M. Renton, the milhonaire 
founder of the Port Blakeley sawmills. They had one child. Mrs. 
Willetta (Robertson) Hendrickson lives with her husband and two 
sons in San Francisco. Mr. Glasgow has a faint recollection of his 
grandfather, John Robertson, when at the age of four years he went 
on a visit with his mother to her old home in Cambridge, New York, 
and of seeing the old house, more than one hundred years old, in which 
his mother was born. Soon after the mother and her children returned 
home the family removed from their old home, in which J. M. Glasgow 
was born, into a new seven room, frame house which was always 
painted white with green blinds. The plaster was not dry in the new 
home and the dampness caused Mrs. Glasgow to contract a severe 
cold which developed into tuberculosis, and after an illness of about 
four years she passed away in October, 1869. She was a well edu- 
cated woman and had taught school and instructed her children in 
reading and in religious matters, being a devout member of the United 
Presbyterian faith. J. M. Glasgow attended the Center school, a 
mile and a half from his home, where one of his early recollections 
was of the boys and girls skating on the ice on a pond nearby,. and 
some Bohemian words, which he learned from some Bohemian boys 
who lived near the schoolhouse, still linger in his memory. He remem- 
bers also seeing prairie chickens standing almost as thick as they 
could be upon the fence aromid his home. He was but eight years 
of age at the time of his mother's death, after which his older half- 
sister, Lizzie, then a girl of fifteen years, kept house until the father 
married again in 1870. Mr. Glasgow bears testimony to the splendid 
character of his stepmother, a devout Christian woman, whose kindli- 
ness was ever manifested where there was sickness or distress, or 
where she could serve any one. Although there were three sets of 
children in the home, she never manifested any difference in her 
treatment of those of the father's first two marriages and her own 
children. She capably managed the household affairs and displayed 
an energy in all things that became contagious. Many improvements 
were made on the farm including drainage by tiling and the building 
of a large basement barn. 

Mr. Glasgow has pleasant recollections of the old home with its 
maple trees around the house, its groves of willow and maple and its 
orchards of fruit trees. Stock raising was an important feature of 
the place for they had a large herd of cattle including some thorough- 
bred shorthorns. The family attended the United Presbyterian 
church, there being a house of worship about half a mile from their 

612 31ut»0g 3loggpi) Q0« <g!ag0oto 

home and another about fom- miles to the south. Mr. Glasgow 
attended the district school through its summer and winter sessions 
imtil he reached the age when liis labors were of worth on the farm, 
after which he attended school only in the winter. He was ambitious 
to improve every opportunity for reading and study and took a keen 
interest in the literary society of the neighborhood, developing what 
was considered quite a talent for writing. When about sixteen years 
of age he edited the society paper making it most popular. A news- 
paper of that day was most valued, at a period when public libraries 
were not to be had at demand, but on the Sabbath day, the father 
being a devout churchman, it was not permissible to even read a secular 
paper and still less were the children allowed to whistle or engage in 
any form of amusement or recreation. They had many relatives liv- 
ing in the neighborhood, however, and many pleasant hours were spent 
in visiting among them. The influence of the home was one which 
had marked effect over the children. The father was an honorable 
and upright man of intellectual tastes, a great reader and possessing 
a retentive memory. For some years he was an ardent republican and 
warm advocate of General Grant, but afterward became an equally 
stalwart prohibitionist. 

Joseph M. Glasgow left home on the 6th of April, 1880, possessing 
at that time about five dollars in cash and some clothing. He sought 
work* in the coal mines at Delta, in Keokuk county, about thirty miles 
west of Washington, Iowa, and went down the shaft to where the 
men were working a few hundred feet under ground. As he could 
not secure a position there he started to What Cheer, a new coal mining 
town, a few miles to the north. There he was equally unsuccessfvil in 
obtaining employment and started to walk to the Quaker neighbor- 
hood north of the town, thinking to obtain farm work. This time he 
was more successful for he was employed on a farm, where the regular 
hand was ill with the measles, until the man had recovered about three 
weeks later. He next proceeded on foot to South English where he 
chanced to meet a man who had a lot of maps, atlases, charts, etc., and 
induced him to become a sales agent. Mr. Glasgow purchased the 
stock and started out in the country to dispose of it. Large maps of 
the United States, which he purchased for seventy-five cents, he sold 
for two dollars and a half, and after he had disposed of all he had he 
secured work on the section in South English at one dollar and ten 
cents per day, paying four dollars a week board at the hotel. He 
awaited the arrival of more maps and atlases which he had ordered 
from Chicago. With the arrival of the stock that he had ordered, he 
started for Muscatine, Iowa, selling maps along the way. He passed 

3IuDge 3loscpi) Qg. (Dlaggoto eis 

within eight miles of his old home and of his relatives at Riverside, 
Iowa, and says that he never remembers a time when he was so utterly 
homesick and wretched, but he was too proud to give in. At Muscatine 
he crossed the river into Illinois and sold maps down the state as far 
as Keithsburg, where he took passage on the Libby Conger, one of the 
Anchor Line boats, for St. Louis. Although he had always lived 
within sixty miles of the Mississippi he had never seen the river until 
he reached Muscatine, and his trip down to St. Louis made a tremen- 
dous impression upon hun, as did the buildings, the thoroughfares, and 
the life of the city. He remained there for only a brief period, how- 
ever, as he knew no other work than that of farm work and desired to 
secure employment in the harvest fields, for harvesting paid the best 
wages. He proceeded to Shiloh, in St. Clair county, Illinois, which 
was a typical German village and after attending a German picnic 
on the intervening Sunday, he tried to get work on Monday but with- 
out success and again started on his way. He found there were many 
idle men in that section of the country, and as he proceeded on his 
way he saw that two negroes were following him. He tried, by walk- 
ing rapidly, to outdistance them but was unsuccessful. After trudg- 
ing on for hours he threw his grip and bag upon the ground under the 
trees near the railroad track and lay down to rest on the green grass. 
It was a warm and pleasant night and he soon fell asleep. A long 
freight train rumbled by, but other than this he heard nothing until 
he felt a crash upon his forehead and put up his hand to find that the 
blood was trickling down. He sprang up and there were the two 
negroes, one in front with a revolver in his hand, only about eight feet 
away, Mr. Glasgow ran down the railroad track and a bullet whizzed 
by his neck as he ran. Seeing a house in the distance, about a quarter 
of a mile ahead, he ran across a plowed field and seeing that his assail- 
ants were not following, slackened his pace. When he reached the 
house his forehead was bathed and the mistress'of the home, a German 
lady, treated him with great kindness. Her two sons then hitched up 
their team and with Mr. Glasgow drove back to the place of the 
assault but found that the negroes had taken his grip with all of his 
clothes but had left the maps. The next day he proceeded to Marissa, 
Illinois, where he obtained work on the farm of a Scotchman by the 
name of McCurdy, who was a United Presbyterian. It was in such 
an environment that Mr. Glasgow had been reared and there he felt 
much more at home. He worked for the ordinary wages of the farm 
laborer until harvest time when he was paid two dollars and fifty cents 
per day, after which he worked through the period of stacking and 

614 jiuogg 3Ioggpi) ^« <^las0oto 

haying for two dollars per day. Later he was employed on a threshing 
machine in the Shiloh, Illinois, neighborhood mitil October. 

On the day that Garfield was elected Mr. Glasgow started by 
steamer from St. Louis to Grand Island, Arkansas, hoping to secure 
a position at school teaching there. On reaching his destination he 
found that the district contained many negroes and that the people 
of the locality were very unintelligent. He was among the "poor 
white trash" of the south. He was not successful in finding a public 
school in which to teach until the following summer when he taught 
a three months' term in a negro school, near Colhns Station, Ai'kansas, 
taking the examination for a teacher's certificate at Monticello, in 
Drew coimty. In the interim he had canvassed for books, making his 
home most of the time with Mr. Neice, with whom he worked at plant- 
ing, hoeing and digging cotton. He also spent much of his leism-e 
time in reading and study, one of his books being Macaulay's History 
of England. In the faU of 1881 he worked for a time in a construction 
camp in railroad building, then went across the river into Mississippi 
among the cypress swamps and timber and cut cord word, afterward 
being employed on the levee at Boliver Landing, receiving two dollars 
and a half per day. Life in that camp was the worst experience he 
ever had. There were no comforts, aU the food was of poor quality 
and his companions were the railroad Irish. His life in the "sminy 
south" was not all sunshine and he was glad to make his way north- 
ward, taking passage on a Mississippi river boat for St. Louis. At 
Grand Tower, Illinois, the boat was laid up on account of ice in the 
river and with three companions he walked to Murphysboro, Illinois, 
and there took a train for St. Louis. Soon afterward Mr. Glasgow 
secured employment in the zinc works at Corondolette or South St. 
Louis, and shortly afterward he obtained a position in the Vulcan 
Steel Works, being assigned to the converting department. His first 
night there he had a narrow escape from death. He worked on a 
platform near the roof in the end of the building where the flues were. 
On the side of the platform which he had approached from the floor 
it was about two feet to the floor which he supposed surrounded the 
platform. While at work he lost his balance and stepped off" of the 
platform to find that there was no floor on the other side. In the 
faU he threw his arm over a steel rail that had one end resting on the 
platform and he found himself gazing downward to the ground about 
eighty feet below. He pulled himself up and on to the floor and then 
there came to him a realization of the predicament that he was in, 
realizing that he had had an almost miraculous escape from death. 

3luDge 31osepi) Qi« eiaggoto 6i5 

After working at the Vulcan Steel Works for a time he became ill 
and was forced to go to the hospital. 

After his recovery Mr. Glasgow worked at threshing in St. Clair 
county, Ilhnois, for a time. At the end of the threshing season he 
removed to Nemaha county, Nebraska, having just previously 
attained his majority. His uncle, Gilbert Glasgow, now deceased, was 
a resident of that county and Mr. Glasgow was soon afterward joined 
by his sisters, Lizzie and Anna, and the three began housekeeping 
together in Peru, Anna attending the Nebraska State Normal school 
at that place. It was there that Mr. Glasgow received his first pecu- 
niary assistance, inheriting a little over five hundred dollars from 
his grandfather, John Robertson. While there he prepared to take 
the teacher's examination and won a first grade certificate. At that 
time there were onlj^ a few schools in the county that had not already 
engaged teachers. One school was notoriously tough, but Mr. 
Glasgow accepted it and after an encounter with the belligerents he 
had no fiu'ther trouble and finished his term. He then started to 
take some special work at the normal school, but had only got fairly 
started upon the term, when his sister Anna had a hemorrhage of the 
lungs and his sister Lizzie was already suffering from tuberculosis. 
He resolved to send the latter home and take the former to Montana, 
M'hich he accordingly did. In April, 1883, they traveled in an emi- 
grant train from Omaha, Nebraska, to Ogden, Utah, then proceeded 
northward over the Utah & Northern Railroad to Deer Lodge, Mon- 
tana, and by stage over the mountains to Helena and on to Fort Shaw 
on the Svm river and from that point to Augusta, Montana, one hun- 
dred miles north of Helena. All this brought many new experiences 
into Mr. Glasgow's life. He had never before seen a mountain and 
was standing on the topmost bale of hay in a hay car, piled high above 
the roof of the other cars, when he obtained his first glimpse of the 
eternal Rockies, appearing just like two little snow banks on the 
horizon ahead of them. 

Judge Glasgow remained in Montana until August, 1884. He 
herded sheep for Mr. Holbrook for a time. Soon after his arrival he 
purchased a cayuse and saddle and in the summer of 1883, in connec- 
tion with Jesse Cox, bought an outfit for getting out house logs and 
fence poles in the mountains back of Haystack Butte, about twenty 
miles from Augusta. He lived in a log cabin, situated in the timber, 
on the moimtain top and, when his partner would take a load of house 
logs or poles down the valley, he would be left alone in the camp, 
twenty miles from a settlement. After a time they divided their cabin 
into two rooms, and Judge Glasgow's sister, Anna, came to keep house 

616 31uDgg 31oggpi) ^' (glaggoto 

for them. In the winter they spent much time in tracking deer, 
ofttimes going on snowshoes and this work involved many hardships 
as they waded on through the snow. In November, 1883, they left 
their mountain home never to return to it, and subsequently sold the 
property at a good figure. Mr. Glasgow then went to Helena, where 
he passed an examination that brought him a first grade teacher's cer- 
tificate and in the winter of 1883-4 he taught school near Haystack 
Butte, where among his pupils were three white boys, all the other 
children being half breeds. While in Montana he took up a section 
of land mider the desert claim act and one himdred and sixty acres 
under the timber cultm-e act, selling his rights to those properties when 
he left Montana. In May and June, 1884, he aided his uncle, Jim 
Lytic, in shearing sheep, and, although it was new work for him, he 
was soon shearing fifty sheep per day at the regular rate of ten cents 
per head. He was afterward employed at shearing thoroughbred 
Merino sheep for which he was paid twenty-two cents per head, shear- 
ing about twenty per day. The purpose of his trip was accomplished 
— the restoration of his sister Anna to health. 

It was Judge Glasgow's strong wish to study law and whUe in 
Montana he kept up his practice of readmg and study. In August, 
1884, he bade adieu to his Montana friends and relatives and started 
for Nebraska, determined to pursue a year's preparatory course in 
the Nebraska Normal School at Peru. His study there covered 
English literature, Latin, algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry, 
botany and zoology, wlule his reading covered a wide field including 
IngersoU, Payne, Darwin, Huxlej^ TyndaU and Spencer. While at 
Peru he formed the acquaintance of George Dysart, with whom he 
entered the law school of the JNIichigan State University at Ann 
Arbor, remaining room-mates and chums until their graduation in 
June, 1887. Among their classmates was Webster Davis, afterward 
mayor of Kansas City, Missouri, and first assistant secretary of the 
interior during President McKinley's administration and at one time 
a law partner of Judge Glasgow in Seattle. 

Following his graduation the Judge returned to his old home in 
Washington, Iowa, where he was offered a partnership by J. F. Hen- 
derson, an able lawyer of that place, and became a member of the 
firm of Henderson & Glasgow. He did not believe, however, that 
there was much of a professional future there, and with a companion, 
Charles Patterson, also a young lawyer of Washington, Iowa, started 
for the Puget Sound country. Judge Glasgow had fully determined 
to locate in this section of the country and his attention was directed 

31ut»gc jjoscpl) g0« (glaggoto ei? 

toward Seattle. He bore with him letters of introduction to Arthur A. 
Denny, one of the founders of the city, and to W. D. Ballard. 

It was in March, 1888, that Judge Glasgow, accompanied by his 
old time friend and college companion, Mr. Patterson, reached 
Seattle, then a city of about sixteen thousand population. Soon after- 
ward the two walked out Madison street, which, after a little way, 
was like a country road winding through the tall timber, and it was 
six miles by way of Madison street to Lake Washington. Soon after- 
ward Mr. Patterson returned to Iowa, but Judge Glasgow had fully 
decided to remain. As he had very little money it did not seem prac- 
ticable to open a law office at once, and for a short time he was 
employed in an abstract office, but, upon the advice of Judge William 
D. Wood, he made arrangements to at once enter upon the practice 
of law. The judge advised him, notwithstanding his very limited capi- 
tal, to at once take up practice and get desk room in a real estate 
office where he could pay his rent by making out legal j)apers and 
doing the legal work for the firm. Acting upon this advice he was 
soon installed in the office of Day & Ferry. At that time he had 
just fifty dollars, of which he paid six dollars for a sign, purchased 
a few necessary books and a desk, and arranged for a room on the 
hillside at five dollars per month. While in those days one could get 
a good meal at Seattle in nearly any restaurant for twenty-five cents, 
there were times that he went hungry, being too proud to let any one 
know his financial condition, but he kept a smiling face and presented 
a good front, making friends as fast as possible. He made it a point 
to engage in conversation with those who entered the real estate office 
and thus broadened his acquaintance and in a short time he gained a 
start. He made friends among several real estate men, who com- 
menced to put law business in his way, and believing that the future 
was bright he wrote to his old friend, Mr. Patterson, who again came 
to Seattle and under the firm name of Patterson & Glasgow they 
together engaged in the practice of law, opening their office in Yesler's 
old house on James street between Front and Second. Their practice 
grew rapidly and they tried a number of important cases. They also 
dealt in real estate to some extent, for the city was growing rapidly, 
and Judge Glasgow invested money for a number of relatives. With 
his partner he bought thirty-six acres of land, near the mouth of the 
Duwamish river in West Seattle. He also exercised his right to take 
up government land, which he secured under the homestead law and 
under the preemption law, and he also purchased one himdred and 
sixty acres under the timber and stone act. When the Oregon Navi- 
gation Company put the town of Anacortes on the market in the 

618 fuDge 3[oggpi) Qi» (glaggoto 

spring of 1889, he and a partner, E. von Homyer, invested six hun- 
dred dollars in lands, which was one-third of the purchase price, and 
in about seven weeks they sold for six thousand dollars. In three 
years from the time he arrived in Seattle Judge Glasgow owned prop- 
erty in King, Kitsap, Jefferson, Island and AVhatcom counties, but 
with the collapse of the boom followed by the panic of 1893, and the 
consequent financial depression, he turned over all of the property 
he had accumulated to his relatives that they might not suffer any 
loss upon their investments. 

In the fall of 1892 he was elected judge of the municipal court 
of Seattle, a court of records with original common law jurisdiction 
over all misdemeanors under the state law and over all violations of 
municipal ordinances. In addition he was committing magistrate in 
felony cases under the state law. Judge Glasgow was the fu-st elected 
to the office, which was created by the first state legislature of Wash- 
ington. The court term was four years at a salary of twenty-four 
hundred dollars per year. The practice and procedure prescribed 
were the same as in the superior court. He took his place on the 
bench on the 10th of January, 1893, and had not long been a judge 
of the municipal court when he found that if he conducted it as a 
court and not as a mere adjunct of the police department, hearing 
cases according to the law and evidence, it would be impossible for 
him to have the friendship and good will of the police department, 
the members of which felt that they should be "sustained" by the judge 
in any contention. This was contrary to the course which had been 
instilled into his mind by Judge Cooley and other great and able men, 
who had been his preceptors, and which his judgment and sense of 
right and wrong had taught him. He was not long in deciding, how- 
ever, and determined that he would be in the right notwithstanding 
the opposition of the police department, with which he soon found 
himself, therefore, in collision. It was the practice of the members of 
the department to arrest any of the "bunco gang" who did not come 
through with tribute. Such a man Judge Glasgow was expected to 
sentence for thirty, sixty or ninety days in jail with a one hundred 
dollar fine additional. In order to prepare Judge Glasgow for his 
duty in the premises. Chief of Police Jackson would come to him at 
the behest of a subordinate to tell him what a hard, dangerous charac- 
ter the man was. It never seemed to occur to the police that any evi- 
dence was necessary. Another point on which he was in conflict with 
the jjolice — it was their custom of collecting ten dollars monthly fine 
at police headquarters from the fallen women of the city, this money 
later to be turned over to the clerk of the municipal court and forfeited 

31uDgc 3Iosgpl) Q^« <S^Ia0goU) 6i9 

without the women ever appearing in court. One of the first things 
Judge Glasgow did was to order this bail money deposited with the 
clerk of his court. Later on he served notice to the chief of police 
that he would not sit in the capacity of revenue collector of that charac- 
ter for the city and thereafter when these women came before him 
he would handle their cases as he would handle any other case, would 
increase the punishment every additional time they appeared and 
would cease imposing fines if they kept coming and impose instead 
a jail sentence. This brought about the end of the monthly "fine" 

The state being new many cases were presented to him for deci- 
sion pertaining to the validity of different ordinances that had been 
passed by the city council. Many of these he sustained and a few of 
them held invalid, and this brought a conflict with the city council- 
men, but when such cases were appealed. Judge Glasgow's opinions 
were usually sustained. He held the gambling ordinance invalid 
because it duplicated the state law on the subject, holding that the 
state law was exclusive, because the legislature intended that the 
state gambling statute should operate throughout the state and in 
every case where there was a violation of said article. He held too 
that the inevitable effect of the ordinance would be, if allowed to 
stand, to entirely supersede the state law within the limits of Seattle 
and that, therefore, it impinged upon the state law and was in conflict 
with it. He made a thorough study of the question and wrote an 
opinion which was published in full in the Press Times, covering six 
columns. He mailed a copy of the paper to Judge Cooley of Ann 
Arbor, from whom he received a letter, in part, as follows: "I have 
read your opinion concerning the gambling ordinance passed by the 
city authorities of Seattle, and find it strong and clear as well as judi- 
cial in the treatment of the question involved. I must congratulate 
you upon it, because it seems to me to display an ability which is cer- 
tain to be recognized by the people of your state and to lead up to 
your occupation of situations in the line of promotion until the highest 
is reached. This result, I assure you, would give me much pleasure." 

Another point in which Judge Glasgow was in conflict with the 
police department came up in the fall of 1893, when the city was 
filled with idle men — idle not from choice, but from necessity. Certain 
very active and aggressive members of the police force would arrest 
these unfortunate men and bring them into the court on a vagrancy 
charge. Soon after coming into office Judge Glasgow had drafted 
an ordinance defining "disorderly persons" and prescribing punish- 
ment therefor. One of the clauses enumerated was "one who, having 

620 3luDgg 3loggpt) Q^« (glasgoto 

no lawful means of support, is willfully idle." It was this on which 
the men were prosecuted for vagrancy. The police would enter a 
saloon, round up every man in the place and send them to jaU. Upon 
questioning. Judge Glasgow would find that the police officer perhaps 
had never seen the defendant before and would not know whether he 
could get work if he wanted it, proving that he was not "willfully 
idle." When the police found that the prisoners were discharged, no 
adequate evidence being brought against them, they were furious and 
their anger found vent and expression in the newspapers. On the 
31st of October, 1893, a man was thus arrested and brought into court, 
who testified that he was a candymaker by trade and had had a well 
established and prosperous business in Portland, Oregon, but failed 
in the widespread financial panic. He had come to Seattle, hoping to 
secure employment; that Mr. Bigelow, editorial writer on the Post- 
Intelligencer, had known him in Portland and had inserted gratui- 
tously several ads in the paper whereby he had attempted to secure 
work, even offering to work for his board. He also said that he was 
acquainted with a well known minister of Seattle, who had tried to 
get work for him and failed. The Post-Intelligencer had previously 
severely criticised Judge Glasgow's course of discharging these 
so-called "disorderly persons." Asking the candymaker to appear in 
court the next day. Judge Glasgow issued subpoenas for Mr. Bigelow 
and the minister, who were called to the witness stand, both corroborat- 
ing the testimony given by the man the day before. That very night 
the board of police commissioners met and their action was told to 
the public in an article in the Post-Intelligencer the following day 
which was headed "All after Glasgow. Police commissioners want 
the judge to resign. His court no help to police. Frequent release 
of prisoners causes move against him." The police commissioners 
had put on foot a movement to bring about his resignation if possible. 
The next day Judge Glasgow called upon Mr. Bigelow and drew 
his attention to the way in which the Post-Intelligencer had been criti- 
cising the court. He further told him plainly the situation, assuring 
him that these men, or the vast majority of those whom the police 
were arresting were victims of circumstances just as was his friend 
the candymaker. He urged Mr. Bigelow to write an editorial, not 
for the judge's vindication, but to put a stop to the wicked and 
inhvunan practice of the police in arresting these men. He promised 
to do so and the next day the Post-Intelligencer had a leading editorial 
under the caption, "Is He a Vagrant?" which completely refuted all 
its charges against the judge and turned its criticism into commenda- 
tion. The police department then concentrated its efforts upon secur- 

31uDge 3[ogepf) g^« (^lasgoto 621 

ing the resignation of the judge. In November, 1894, Byron Phelps, 
then mayor, the board of police commissioners and the city council 
served upon him a demand for his resignation. Up to that time he 
had steadily refused to make any statement for publication in answer 
to criticisms, but he felt that his hour had now come and returned an 
open letter in answer to the demand for his resignation one night 
when the city council was in session. They started to read it, when 
one of the members moved to refer it to a committee. Next day they 
sent their emissary to Judge Glasgow, urging him to withdraw the 
letter and let the matter drop, but he was determined that not only 
would it be placed on file but published. It appeared in the Seattle 
Argus and was the sensation of the hour, changing public sentiment 
to a remarkable extent. The next movement of his enemies was an 
attempt to abolish the municipal court in the legislature. Members 
from Spokane and Tacoma wanted it abolished because it was an 
expensive court and they believed that its jurisdiction should be 
divided between the justices of the peace and the superior court. This 
plan was introduced as the TuU bill and at the joint session there was 
but one vote against the passage of the bill — the vote of Billie McArdle 
of Seattle, who wired Judge Glasgow to "come to Olympia." Before 
going he had prepared and circulated a petition to the legislature, 
asking for the enlargement of the court's jurisdiction and conferring 
upon it a civil jurisdiction up to one thousand dollars. This had been 
signed by about fifty of the ablest and best known lawyers and judges 
of Seattle. When he entered the fight in Olympia his most sanguine 
friends predicted that he would be defeated in the house, that the Tull 
bill would pass the house. To each member of the legislature a copy 
of The Argus had been sent and each man seemed to be thoroughly 
acquainted with the situation. His opponents were lobbying and put 
forth every effort to defeat the bill, but finally it was laid on the table 
by a vote of fourteen to forty-four in the house and never reached 
the senate. 

During the last two years of his incumbency in the office of munici- 
pal judge, Judge Glasgow had a very peaceful time. Probably the 
most noted trial that came before him was that of Charles H. Lugren, 
editor of the Seattle Telegraph, for criminal libel by Bolton Rogers, 
chief of police, a jury trial which lasted several days and attracted 
much attention. His instructions to the jury were satisfactory to 
both sides. In the fall of 1896 Judge Glasgow was a candidate for 
nomination by the silver republican party, but the hostility of the 
convention committee composed of delegates from each of the three 
parties prevented this and after the first ballot, on which he 

622 31uDgg 3logept) 9^, ^lasgoto 

lacked eight votes of having a majority over all the candidates, Judge 
Glasgow threw his support to Gilbert V. Bogue, who was accordingly 
nominated and elected. After leaving the municipal court bench in 
Januaiy, 1897, he resumed the practice of law, in which he has since 
been contmuously engaged, devoting his attention largely to civil law 
and handling some important litigation. He has also had some crim- 
inal cases which have brought him wide publicity. One of these, the 
"trap gun case," attracted much attention by reason of its novelty. 
The defendant, an Italian laborer, placed a loaded revolver, rigged 
with strings and pulleys, in such a manner that it would be discharged 
upon the opening of the lid of the trunk in which was a valuable con- 
certina worth four hundred dollars. His landlady opened the trunk 
from curiosity and was shot through the heart and instantly killed. 
The Italian was informed against for second degi-ee murder. Judge 
Glasgow defended him and the jmy stood eleven for acquittal with 
one for conviction. Judge Glasgow appealed the case to the supreme 
court, which reversed the lower court decision, when the case was 
dismissed upon motion of the prosecuting attorney. Another case in 
which Judge Glasgow figured was that of the State vs. Miller. MiUer 
was arrested on suspicion by the Seattle police, July 22, 1909. Five 
charges of burglary, twelve charges of perjury, two habitual criminal 
charges and the charge of murder in the first degree were preferred. 
There were nine trials by jury and six appeals to the supreme court 
growing out of this prosecution of Miller and it was more than five 
years before the prosecution succeeded in landing him in the peni- 
tentiary, where he soon became and is now librarian. The first Miller 
case, reported on page 125, 61 Washington, is the leading "third 
degree" case and is reported in the American and English Annotated 
Cases. This was an appeal over the judgment and sentence of the 
court rendered upon his first trial. He defended himself at that first 
trial and testified to the most revolting cruelties practiced upon him 
by the police in order to extort a confession. Miller preserved a good 
enough record at the first trial so that Judge Glasgow was able to take 
the case to the supreme court and get a reversal. The opinion in that 
case, written by Judge Dunbar, is perhaps the most eloquent opinion 
ever handed down by the Washington supreme court. The court 
denounced in unmeasured terms the brutal and lawless methods 
whereby the police and prosecuting attorney had procured the defend- 
ant's conviction and this denunciation had the wholesome effect of 
breaking up the practice. 

In the fall of 1895 Judge Glasgow's father and stepmother visited 
him in Seattle, and his sister Anna came to this city with them with 

3[u0ge jlosepft ^* (glaggoto 623 

the intention of remaining with him during the winter. After some 
negotiation Judge Glasgow succeeded in inducing his father to pur- 
chase a house at No. 132 North Broadway, the southeast corner of 
Johns and Broadway. It was completely furnished. The owner 
offered it for forty-one hundred dollars, the purchaser to assume a 
mortgage of twenty-five hundred dollars and pay sixteen himdred 
cash. The purchase was at length concluded and in the spring of 
1896 the father and stepmother, who had returned to Iowa, came again 
to Seattle, accompanied by Judge Glasgow's sisters, Grace and 
Ruhamah. His sister Anna had remained in this city. After the 
father's death in the fall of 1907, the property, for which they had 
paid forty-one hundred dollars, was appraised at twenty thousand 
dollars, showing the rapid rise of realty values in Seattle following 
the Klondike boom. The sister Anna, who had married David 
Wilson, died of tuberculosis in 1899. Her daughter, Doris, has made 
her home with her aimts Grace and Ruhamah, now Mrs. Archer. 
Grace was graduated from the University of Washington in 1900 
and was president of her class — an unusual honor to be bestowed 
upon a girl. 

In his political views Judge Glasgow is a democrat, but although 
a man of firm convictions on politics as on other questions, he is not 
ambitious for office. He prefers to concentrate his energies upon his 
law practice and is quiet and self-contained when handling a case in 
the courts but never seems to lose sight of a point, weak or strong, 
that the opposing counsel brings forth. His mental alertness enables 
him to grasp every phase of any situation and if he believes he is in 
the right nothing can swerve him from the pursuit of his purpose. 


Adams, E. Arlita 487 

Albertson, R. B 161 

Alvord, E. H 457 

Ames, E. G 95 

Arnold, M. A 439 

Arthur, John 139 

Bagley, C. B 19 

Bagley, Daniel 13 

Baker, F. W 261 

Baxter, Portus 275 

Baxter, Sutcliffe 177 

Bebb, C. H 225 

Bigelow, H. A 151 

Blaine, E. F 125 

Bonney, L. W 555 

Borst, Joseph 281 

Brady, Edward 309 

Briggs, B. F 257 

Brown, Amos 119 

Brown, E. J 231 

Bussell, C. B 305 

Caine, E. E 221 

Carroll, James 295 

Carstens, Ernest 395 

Casey, J. T 469 

Chilberg, Andrew 43 

Clapp, J. M 493 

Erickson, C. J 399 

Ferry, E. P 5 

Fluhart, S. S 319 

Frye, G. F 9 

Frye, J. M 271 

Furth, Jacob 25 

Gay, W. R 329 

Glasgow, J. M 609 

Glasgow, W. A 347 

Gosnell, J. C 579 

Graham, J. S 585 

Graves, C. B 251 

Hahn, R. E 325 

Haller, G. 67 

Hawthorne, W. C 315 

Healy, N. C 483 

Henehan, M. J 351 

Henry, H. C 37 

Hibbard, C. L 373 

Hill, Mrs. Elizabeth 543 

Hill, G. L 541 

Hinckley, T. D 589 

Hulbert, R. A 499 

Jones, T. A 343 

Kempster, A. L 363 

Kinnear, George 81 

Kinnear, J. R 547 

Knoff, A. E 509 

Kristoferson, Alfred 355 

Latimer, N. H 75 

Leary, John 59 

Leonard, A. W 571 

Lewis, Swan 339 

McFee, J. 6 195 

McFee, Malcolm 173 

McGilvra, J. J 131 

McMicken, Maurice 99 

Mackintosh, Angus 145 

Martin, William 575 

Mercer, Thomas 597 

Metcalfe, J. B 243 

Moeller, Wigbert 389 

Morris, C. L 473 

Niesz, U. R 381 

Norton, J. C 237 

O'Dea, E. J 405 

Oleson, Frank 561 

Osgood, F. H 551 

Osseward, Cornelius 421 

Palmer, A. L 189 

Parsons, R. H 185 

Peterson, M. W 377 

Phelps, Byron Ill 

Purcell, P. F 425 

Ramsay, C. C 603 

Randolph, S. P 411 

Rawson, Z. B 443 

Rowe, L. S 367 

Ryan, Timothy 359 

Shannon, James 435 

Shillestad, F. W 285 

Smith, R. H 157 

Snook, H. E 595 

Spencer, R. R 105 

Squire, W. C 513 

Struve, F. K 55 

Struve, H. G 49 

Surber, W. H 215 

Talbot, W. C 333 

Tanzer, G. L 479 

Taylor, J. S 535 

Thomas, J. D 429 

Voigt, William 449 

Walker, Cyrus 167 

Walker, William 503 

Watson, Harry 301 

Wegener, 0. F 199 

Weichbrodt, I. A 267 

Westerman, R. G 565 

Whitham, P. P 529 

Wilhelra, Fridolin 461 

Williams, W. W 465 




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