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One Hundred and Sixty-fifth Regt. 
New York Volunteer Infantry 






Major-Gcncral Abram Duryec was a member of the Seventh Regiment, N Y. N. G., 
for 21 years, in which regiment he was promoted from private through the different grades 
to Colonel, which office he held for ten years. 

On the outbreak of the Civil War he organized the famous Duryee Zouaves, 5th N. 
Y. Vols., and was soon afterwards promoted to Brigadier-General, and then to Major- 
General. He died Sept. 27, 1890, aged 76 years. 

Our regiment, the 2d Duryee Zouaves, i6.<;th N. Y. Vol. Infantry, was also named 
after General Duryee, who took a lively interest in our Veteran Association, and presided 
at its first public meeting. 


As he was in 1862, 


Severely w..undud in tin- breast on the assault at Port Hudson, May 27, 1863. Died 
from the effect of the wound, June 23, 1863. 



165th Regt. New York Volunteer Infantry 

AFTER the second battle of Bull Run the 5th New York 
Volunteers sent a detail of officers and men to New York to 
recruit for the regiment. So many men enlisted that they 
concluded to raise another regiment. The camp was estab 
lished, called Camp Washington, on Staten Island, where bar 
racks were built by the Government. The enthusiasm at that 
time was so great that there was no trouble in getting recruits. 
This was in August and September, 1862. Out of a consider 
able number of the men thus recruited many chose to go to 
the "Old Fifth," the original Duryee Zouaves, and to other 
regiments, and so on November 28, 1862, the i65th regiment, 
New York Volunteers, second Duryee Zouaves, was mustered 
into the United States service, as a battalion of six companies, 
under the command of Lieut. -Colonel Abel Smith, Jr. 

December 13. At dress parade we were presented with a 
stand of colors by a select party of gentlemen and ladies. 

December 15. At 2:30 P.M., orders were given to be ready 
to start at any time the Quartermaster busy packing up the 
property of the regiment. 

December 18. We left camp at 2 P.M., proceeded to the 
foot of Spring street, North River, New York city, and were 
taken on board the steamer Merrimac and went right out to 
sea; another regiment (the lyyth New York Volunteers) being 
on board, there were some 1,600 men all told. 



December 21. Arrived off Hilton Head and anchored at 

5 P - M - 

December 22. We landed this morning and went into camp. 

December 23. Had a drill in heavy marching order and 
were reviewed by General Terry, commander of the post. 

December 25. Christmas day; the men had quite a time 
playing a game of ball with other troops here; Sergeant A. G. 
Mills and George E. Cogswell, of Co. B, played in this game, 
which was witnessed by 10,000 soldiers; reviewed by Colonel 
Fraser with 4yth New York Volunteers. 

December 27. The vessel being ready the men were or 
dered to be ready to go on board. 

December 28. Sunday. We left Hilton Head and pro 
ceeded on our voyage. 

December 31. We doubled the Florida Keys and entered 
the Gulf of Mexico. 

January i, 1863. New Year s Day; the day pleasant arid 

January 2. At night arrived at Ship Island and anchored. 

January 3. A tug came alongside and ordered the captain 
to proceed to New Orleans; at 4 P.M. took a pilot; at 9 P.M. 
we anchored at the Balize. 

January 4. Crossed the bar and ascended the river; at 
ii A.M. passed Forts Jackson and Philip, which had been cap 
tured by Admiral Farragut; we stopped at Quarantine to 
allow the health officers to visit the ship; our men were healthy, 
so we soon went our way up the river; at evening we arrived 
off New Orleans, and our Colonel went ashore to receive his 

January 5. The steamer proceeded up the river to Car 
roll ton, and we landed and went into camp. 

Our camp, which we designated "Camp Parapet," was 
established on the border of a large bayou on the outskirts of 
Carrollton, a suburb of New Orleans, and just within the outer 
line of earthwork defences of New Orleans. The spot was 
most uninviting and had been considered unhealthy, but, 
thanks to the sanitary precautions prescribed by our surgeon, 
Dr. James F. Ferguson, the site was converted into a model 
camp, that was justly considered the finest in our division of 
the -i gth army corps. 

January 6. Pitched tents, reviewed by General Banks. 

January 7. Bathing, cleaning, washing our clothes, drill 

January 8. Struck tents, marched to another camping 
spot one and a half miles further up; camp is in a swamp; 
this is camp Parapet. 

February 14. Reviewed by General Thomas W. Sherman, 
and General Neal Dow. 

[Extract From New Orleans Paper, February 23, 1863.} 


The most beautiful of the commemorative tributes to the 
i3ist anniversary of Washington s birth, in this vicinity, was 
paid at the camp of the i65th New York Volunteers, second 
Duryee Zouaves, from New York city, commanded by Lieut. - 
Colonel Abel Smith, Jr. 

For weeks previous to the event, between drill hours, the 
boys occupied their time adorning their several company 
streets with devices in grass and shells, the ingenuity and 
beauty of which it would be hard to excel. Still nearer the 
approaching time arches, gothic and plain, were swung across 
the center of each company street and entwined with the vari 
ous swamp evergreens of this almost torrid clime. Across the 
road entrance to the camp, and much larger than the others, 
was a gothic arch "roughly dight" with greens, and resem 
bling very much the entrance to the grounds of an old French 
chateau. But enough of the prospective and now for the per 
spective. On approaching the camp from the city it seemed 
as though one had been making a circuit and was again ap 
proaching his starting place, so many were the lights caused 
by the long rows of Chinese vari-colored lamps illuminating 
the camps. Riding under the main arch before alluded to, 
brilliantly hung with festoons of lanterns, one larger than the 
rest, bearing the name "Second Duryee Zouaves," the scene 
that broke upon the view for the first time with distinctness 


was splendid. Along the lighted lane leading to the Colonel s 
marquee were groups of zouaves in full uniform, their dresses, 
picturesque in day time, adding new beauty to the fairy scene. 
Arriving at the marquee, in front of which the State and 
United States colors, guidons and drums of the corps were 
tastefully grouped, a view was had of the theatre, where later 
in the evening amateur performances of the minstrel order 
were to form a portion of the entertainment furnished by the 
zouaves for their friends and guests. Our time ,was not un- 
profitably spent between our arrival and the opening of the 
programme for the evening, in walking through the streets of 
the camp and noting the adornments that have converted a 
camp ground which, previous to their occupation, was con 
sidered the worst around, into a miniature city, well worth 
visiting. In the street of Co. A, Captain Felix Agnus, a large 
circular plot enclosed a shield, beneath which the words "We ll 
Touch the Elbow" appeared. Near the center of the street 
a double arch hung with lanterns formed the principal adorn 
ment. In Co. B, Captain H. W. Hicks, a circular plot enclos 
ing a heart, above which was the motto, "Union in Hearts." 
Between this and a large arch, flanked by two smaller ones, 
a miniature parapet, mounted with bottles that have done 
all the danger they can, unless refilled, suggested the names 
of the camp. Co. C, Captain William W. Stephenson, in a 
pentagor; formed by the base of the points of a huge star, 
placed their company letter and adorned their arch with Wash 
ington s name. 

Co. D, Captain William R. French, exercised their inge 
nuity in forming a star within a circular plot, between the 
points of which the letters "Union" appeared. In the street 
of Co. E, Captain Henry C. In wood, were two devices, which 
for originality and beauty of design would be exceedingly 
difficult to excel. One of them bore the motto, "We Bide 
Our Time," together with the dates of Washington s birth, 
the commencement of the revolution as well as that of the 
present rebellion and "The Union." A large arch, with two 
smaller ones on each side, completed the adornment of the 
street. Last, but not least, came Co. F, Captain Gould H. 
Thorpe, whose command have placed in the center of their 
way a miniature in grass of that revolutionizer of navies, the 
"Monitor," on the foredeck of which offensive missiles, from 


24-pounders to minnie balls, attracted attention. On the 
color-line, the parade-ground, muskets were stacked the length 
of the encampment, bearing between each stack a lantern. 
Projecting from the top of every tent hung many lurid lights. 
At eight o clock the musical entertainment commenced, and 
for an amateur performance was exceedingly well gotten up. 
After the first part an intermission of nearly an hour was given 
to witness a bayonet and skirmish drill by the light of camp- 
fires on the parade-ground. The drill was conducted by Cap 
tain Agnus with about 60 men, and fully maintained the 
reputation of the zouaves for efficiency of drill. After the 
drill the programme of the concert was resumed, and con 
cluded amid the approbation of all who could get within hear 
ing. Among the guests were General Shepley, General An 
drews, General Dow, with portions of their staffs, and represen 
tations of almost every General in this Department. On the 
whole, the affair passed off with great eclat, and will long be 
remembered in the episodes of this war. It may not be out 
of place here to mention that this battalion, formed in the city 
of Xew York, is the second regiment in the service wearing 
the full dress of the Zouave d Afrique in fatigue or on parade. 
We hope that they will do as well as their predecessors, the 
5th New York Volunteers, or Duryee Zouaves, have done in 
the field as well as in camp. 

The efficiency of drill and discipline the Second Zouaves 
have already attained, under a Colonel and subordinates fully 
competent to their work, give promise of stout service in the 
field. "Zouave" everywhere is but another name for courage 
and daring in war and love. Their peculiar drill as skirmish 
ers makes them a most valuable addition to any corps d armee, 
Viva le Zouave. 

March 3. Lieutenant Fox, of Co. A, arrived from New 

March 10. Regiment marched to New Orleans, through 
some of its streets, and back to camp. 

March 13. Regiment reviewed by General Shepley on the 
Shell road. 

March 17. Regiment drilled in defence of parapet; the 
left of this parapet is on the Mississippi River, the right is in 
this swamp. 

Engaging in the expedition to Ponchatoula, under the 

direction of General Weitzel, on the 23d of March, in command 
of Colonel T. S. Clark, it attacked the Rebels at that place, 
and was engaged on the 23d, 24th and 25th, driving them 
out and capturing a number of prisoners, the loss of the regi 
ments being nine wounded. 

Following is the report of Colonel Clark: 
"In compliance with orders of Major-General N. P. Banks, 
date March 20, 1863, I proceeded with my command to Frenier 
Station, on the evening of the 2ist and there bivouacked for the 
night, assuming command at that post. I found four com 
panies of General Nickerson s brigade at Frenier and De Sair 
Stations. On Sunday, the 22d, at 7 A.M., I proceeded with 
the command to Manchac Pass, leaving about one hundred 
men to guard this bayou and road in my rear. 

"Arrived at South Manchac Pass at i P.M. the same day; 
at 6 P.M. four schooners and one small steamer, containing 
five companies of ^Colonel Smith s regiment, i65th New York 
Volunteers, one company of my own regiment, two rifled 
field-pieces in charge of a detachment of the 9th Connecticut 
Volunteers, and a launch, mounting one rifle, manned by a 
detachment of the 9th Connecticut Volunteers, arrived. On the 
morning of the 23d I debarked the i65th New York, placed 
one field-piece on the north side of the island, where the rail 
road bridge crosses the North Pass, and embarked the troops 
brought by me from Frenier, consisting of the 6th Michigan 
Infantry, two small companies of the lyyth New York, one com 
pany of the 1 4th Maine, and one company of the 24th Maine. 

"The embarkation was made in the midst of a terrible 
storm of wind and rain, which delayed us very much. I now 
directed Colonel Smith to proceed up the railroad to within 
three miles of Ponchatoula, take position, and hold the pass 
until he heard the signal of attack from me at Wadesboro 
Landing, when he was to advance and form a junction with 
me at Ponchatoula. I then proceeded with the main body 
of the troops up the Tickfaw River and Ponchatoula Creek 
to Wadesboro Landing, three miles from Ponchatoula. Owing 
to the great difficulty of navigation in the creek, from its ex 
tremely tortuous course, we did not arrive at Wadesboro until 
about noon of the 24th. I immediately debarked the troops, 
threw out skirmishers, and advanced towards Ponchatoula. 
About half a mile from the landing we found the enemy s 


skirmishers in strong force, and believing from the number 
of skirmishers that the enemy were in stronger force than 
we had supposed, immediately formed in line of battle, and 
advanced, three companies ahead skirmishing. We drove 
them steadily before us, the main body never coming within 
range of their fire, into and through Ponchatoula. 

"I immediately sent four companies, under command of 
Captain Trask, i4th Maine, to the bridge across Ponchatoula 
Creek two miles above Ponchatoula, and dispatched a mes 
senger to Colonel Smith to inform him that we occupied the 
town. Colonel Smith s regiment arrived about 3 P.M. He had 
a sharp skirmish, losing three men of Co. A; John Brady, James 
Rielly and Elias H. Tucker wounded, but drove the enemy 
before him. 

"The enemy made a slight stand at the bridge, and I sent 
up four companies, under Colonel Bacon, to make the work 
sure. They destroyed that bridge and also a smaller one a 
mile this side. Having accomplished the object of the expe 
dition thus far, and believing that the village of Ponchatoula 
could not be held against forces greater than my own, I ordered 
the schooners and gunboat in Ponchatoula Creek to the North 
Pass, and fell back, on the afternoon of the 25th, to a point 
three miles south of Ponchatoula, on the railroad, with the 
main body of my command, leaving six companies at Pon 
chatoula under Major Clark, 6th Michigan, as picket and 
provost guard, with orders to fall back on the main body in 
case of attack. I here erected a small battery of railroad 
iron, and mounted one of the field-pieces in charge of the de 
tachment of the Qth Connecticut. On the evening of the 26th 
the enemy appeared in strong force and attacked our pickets 
at Ponchatoula, the pickets immediately retiring to the main 
body at the point spoken. No firing took place after the skir 
mishers retreated. As far as we can learn they have a force 
consisting of 2,000 infantry, 300 cavalry, and two i2-pounder 

"The points occupied by us could have been easily held 
against this force, but owing to the difficulty of getting rations 
for the troops up from the pass I determined to fall back to 
the bend in the railroad about eight miles this side of Pon 
chatoula, and did so last night, where I am now. I am erect 
ing a small battery at this point. I forgot to mention that 


on our arrival at Wadesboro Landing we found the schooner 
L. H. Davis in flames. We also found two schooners loaded 
with cotton. 

"We have captured some 12 prisoners, which have been 
sent to New Orleans. Owing to the very bad weather the 
march over the trestlework from Kenner was not only dif 
ficult but dangerous, and many of our men were compelled 
to fall out because of hurts received by falling through the 
trestlework. The skirmish on the 24th was conducted by 
Captains Griffin, Co. A, Montgomery; C6. H, and Lieutenant 
Dickey, Co. E, 6th Michigan, who bore themselves admirably; 
and on the afternoon of the 26th by Co. D, 6th Michigan, under 
Lieutenant Mcllvane, and Co. K, under Captain Chapman, 
and Co. F, i65th New York, Captain Thorpe; the whole under 
command of Major Clark, 6th Michigan, and the pickets were 
brought in in good shape. 

"I feel very much obliged to Lieutenant-Colonel Smith 
for his hearty and effective co-operation throughout the entire 
expedition. Lieutenant C. W. Stone, Quartermaster of the 
expedition, has labored earnestly and efficiently, and accom 
plished a great deal with very few facilities. 

"I cannot close this report without returning my thanks 
for the assistance rendered me by Captain Pierce of your staff 
during his stay with me. He was continually by my side ready 
to assist me in every possible way. Captain Bailey also ren 
dered me valuable service in the erection of breastworks. 

"My total loss is nine wounded, while the enemy s is re 
ported at 3 killed, and n wounded." 

The two schooners mentioned in the above report of Colonel 
Clark were captured by the i65th, our regiment. As the 
regiment was advancing over the trestle upon which the rail 
road was built the captain of one of these schooners appeared 
on the track about five hundred feet ahead and, displaying 
no flag of truce, was unfortunately shot and killed by one 
of our skirmishers. 

April 4. Returned to our camp; the one company (E) 
left behind had coffee prepared for us. 

April 7. Regiment marched to New Orleans, went through 
bayonet exercise in Canal street, and marched back to camp. 

April 19. Left camp for New Orleans; quartered in cotton 
press called "The Levee Steam Press." 

1 6 

April 22. Funeral of a sergeant of Co. B; body sent home. 

April 26. Funeral of a private of Co. A, Francis A. Heald. 

May 1 6. Corporal of Co. B died in hospital ; funeral on i yth. 

May 19. Went on board steamboat Iberville to go up 
the Mississippi River. 

May 20. Arrived at Baton Rouge; all knapsacks were 

May 21. Early left for Port Hudson, arriving in time to 
support the ist Vermont Battery; fight at Plains Store. 

May 23. General Thomas W. Sherman, 2d division, and 
three brigades with 15 pieces of artillery moved to the left, 
resting on river at Port Hudson, La. 

May 24. Our line advanced and occupied the camps de 
serted by the enemy (and we got more than we bargained for) 
they having retreated inside of their fortifications; day and 
night the bombardment from Farragut s fleet kept up ; at night 
we could see the shells fly through the air, make a graceful 
curve, hear them strike and explode; motor batteries were 
placed along our lines at short distances during the siege and 
mostly used at night to keep the besieged wide awake and 
to tire them out; it was a grand sight while on picket to 
witness the display during night bombardment. 

May 25. The day is clear and pleasant, the men having 
no tents are making themselves as comfortable as possible. 
The bombardment all day and night from the fleet; constant 
firing on the line during the day; many men wounded. 

May 26. Skirmishing continued all day, also the bombard 
ment; Co. D went on picket at 4 P.M. Bombardment all 
night long; no sleep on the picket-line on account of the noise. 

May 27. Early in the morning we were informed that 
there was to be an assault on the works; 9 A.M. we advanced 
our line of pickets and acted as skirmishers; a lively time 
we had until 2 P.M., when we were called in to join our regiment 
which was designated to lead the brigade in the assault; as 
we advanced through the woods, coming to a clearing, we found 
trees for several hundred feet felled in all manner of directions; 
as we emerged from the woods the enemy opened on us with 
infantry and artillery; we managed to get through the fallen 
timber, but hardly a man had a decent pair of pants on him; 
our Colonel formed in division front on color division; this 
was done under constant fire; as soon as formed the men 


were ordered to lie down in their positions, waiting for the 
rest of the brigade to come up ; they did not get up to our 
line, so the Colonel ordered the charge; when about 150 
yards from the works the enemy gave us grape and canister 
at short range; I never saw anything like it; our men were 
mowed down; the firing was terrific; Corporal Nels Rosen- 
steiner, Co. D, carrying the State flag was killed; private Flah 
erty, of Co. F seized it and bore it through engagement, after 
wards appointed to carry the flag; our Colonel, Major and line 
officers wounded, the men by natural instinct deployed as 
skirmishers taking to whatever protection they could; we 
finally fell back the best we could. Such a sight; the dead 
and wounded lay thick ; the wounded groaning and calling for 
water (of which we had little to give) and calling upon us not 
to desert them; the firing from the enemy slackened; six of 
us made an effort to bring in the body of the Colonel ; we 
finally reached him and brought him in carefully over the fallen 
timber ; the enemy came out from their works to take as many 
as they could prisoners; what was left of the regiment re 
formed in the woods under Captain Agnus (now General Felix 
Agnus, proprietor of the Baltimore American); the whole 
army was repulsed with terrible slaughter; everything in our 
lines was confusion and turmoil; our overcoats, blankets, 
and haversacks had been left in the woods before making the 
charge. Night coming on the men were unable to find them ; 
the battalion was composed of 6 companies and did not 
number over 350 officers and men; the regimental loss was 18 
killed, 70 wounded, 12 missing, prisoners; Co D, i lieutenant 
and 7 privates killed, 14 wounded, and 3 wounded prisoners; 
At the time of the assault the 2d division was under com 
mand of Brigadier-General Thomas W. Sherman; our 3d 
brigade under command of Brigadier-General Frank S. Nicker- 
son, composed of the i4th 24th and 28th Maine Volunteers, 
1 65th (2d Duryee Zouaves) and 17 7th New York Volunteers, 
supported by the 2ist New York and ist Vermont Batteries; 
General Sherman, Division Commander, lost his leg, and 7 staff 
officers were wounded. 

May 28. Flag of truce; the wounded were brought in and 
dead buried. 

June 14. Sunday, at 2 A.M., our regiment left camp, pro 
ceeded some distance to the left; at daybreak four companies 


were sent out to the front as sharpshooters, with all the am 
munition we could store away in our pockets ; canteens filled 
(no haversacks), we advanced from stump to stump on our 
hands and knees as far as we could, every man to a stump; 
the day was intensely hot; the 6th Michigan was on the 
line parallel with us to our left (a very good regiment) ; 
our orders were to keep up a regular fire, to keep the enemy 
from concentrating their men on the center where our main 
assault was to be made, which assault proved another failure; 
great bravery was shown by our troops; after repeated 
charges our army was driven back with another great loss of 
life; our line of sharpshooters suffered for want of water; 
several attempts were made, by crawling from one to the 
other, to gather a few canteens then crawl back; when the 
detail thought he could up and run a ball would roll him over; 
after a number of attempts, every man wounded who attempted 
it, it was given up, and we had to suffer for want of water; 
several times the enemy s artillery tried to drive us out by 
grape and cannister, but we held on, remaining on the line all 

June 15. Early in the morning we went back into the 
trenches. At 10 A.M. we were relieved and returned to camp, 
and had something to eat and drink after 32 hours fasting. 

June 19. The regiment went into the rifle pits and con 
tinued there for 48 hours. 

June 24. Word came that our Colonel (Abel Smith) died 
in a hospital at New Orleans. (A great loss to us. He was a 
strict disciplinarian; had drilled the regiment in infantry, 
light and heavy artillery, bayonet exercise and skirmish drill 
by bugle. He went upon the principle that idleness breeds 
disease. He kept the men busy, demanded cleanliness, drilled 
the non-commissioned officers personally, and they the squads, 
so that before we left camp Parapet the regiment was a unit 
in drill. He looked after the health of the men, inspected 
cook-houses and rations daily, holding the Commissary-Ser 
geants responsible, and personally saw that the men got what 
they were entitled to from the Quartermaster and Commis 
sary. Company funds were started to buy vegetables and other 
: ,necessary articles for the comfort of the men. Captains of 
.companies were held responsible for the appearance of the 
linen. He encouraged amusements, together with strict sani- 

tary regulations. The consequence was that during the season, 
the men becoming acclimated, the death loss was small. The 
Sanitary Commission that visited the Department to look 
after the health of the troops, stated in their report that the 
1 65th New York Volunteers had the cleanest and healthiest 
camp in the Department of the Gulf, and that the officers 
looked after the health of the men. Although nearly every 
man was sick with fever we only lost three men one by disease, 
two others accidentally shot. The result wa^ that the men 
were ready for any duty they were called upon to perform. 
The camp was in a swamp, and was called Camp Death by the 
previous regiment that formerly occupied it. They lost a 
great many men by death, and looked back to it with sorrow. 
And in our future service we more and more missed his faith 
fulness to his command). 

June 26. This afternoon left camp and laid in support of 
some batteries, at night returned to camp. 

June 29 and 30. Night assaults with hand-grenades on 
the water batteries and citadel on the extreme left of our line 
at Port Hudson; Captain Chas. A. Walker, Co. A, had com 
mand of the three right companies, and Lieutenant John P. 
Morris, of Co. E, the three left companies, the detail from each 
company being under command of a non-commissioned officer 
of that company, the detail from Co. E being under command 
of Second Sergeant A. G. Mills, now the president of our Veteran 
Association; supporting the 6th Michigan Infantry, left, our 
approaches which were close up to the trenches in front of the 
citadel drove, the Confederates from their trench, but the posi 
tion was intolerable and we retired with the loss of i private 
killed and 6 wounded. 

July i. Regiment returned to camp from attack on water 
batteries . 

July 2. Rebel cavalry made a raid on Springfield Landing; 
our regiment with others were ordered there; returned to 
camp; July 5 Vicksburg reported surrendered. 

July 8. Surrender of Port Hudson; 6,000 prisoners, 60 
pieces of artillery. 

July 9. The regiment complimented in orders for its 
share of the victory, and selected to represent our brigade in 
receiving the surrender July 9th, marched inside the works, 
and formed line in front of the Confederate garrison, who at 


command of General Gardner, their commander, "grounded 
arms." The American colors were run up to the masthead. 

July 24. Sergeant Napier went to Baton Rouge for the 
knapsacks, the regiment camped 3 miles back of Port Hudson. 

July 25. Regiment reduced to 260 men, 60 on sick list; 
recruiting office opened in New Orleans ; steamboat came 
down the river bringing Chicago, Cincinnati, and St. Louis 

August i Received four months pay; 4th, left camp, 
marched into Port Hudson to act as provost guard; General 
Andrews commander of the post. 

August 5. Tents furnished; men getting camp in order. 

August 20. Detail left for New York to recruit for regi 

August 22. Orders given to pack and be ready to move; 
5 P.M. struck tents, went one mile outside of fortifications; 
knapsacks sent down the river; in light marching order. 

August 23. Up at 3 A.M., soon on the march, we heading 
column for Baton Rouge; two brigades of infantry and several 
batteries arrived at Baton Rouge in the evening, 28 miles; 
24th moved to a camp north of the town on the banks of the 
river; we are in Franklin s division, ist brigade, 3d division, 
iQth army corps; Corporal Warner, of Co. C, received a com 
mission as surgeon, rank ist lientenant; nth regiment, Corps 
d Afrique, at Port Hudson. 

September 2. Went on board steamboat Pocahontas and 
sailed down the river; 3d, 3.30 P.M., anchored off New Orleans; 
4th, 5 P.M., started down the river; 5th, 6 A.M., crossed the 
bar and anchored. 

September 6. The fleet moved across the Gulf; 8th, ar 
rived opposite Sabine Pass ; several gunboats went inside 
and had a fight; the Clifton and Sachem got aground and 
were captured; late in the afternoon the Pocahontas went to 
blockading squadron off Galveston for water and provisions. 

September 9. Started for mouth of the Mississippi; nth 
arrived inside of the bar, proceeded up; i2th, arrived at Al 
giers and landed. 

September 17. Left by train for Brashier City, arriving at 


September 18. Found bridge destroyed, went across in 
boats; found part of the i3th army corps camped in and around 


the town, the i3th army corps having bsen sent down from 
Vicksburg from Grant s army. 

September 23. 4 A.M. we struck camp, marched through 
Pattersonville, Centreville, arriving at Camp Bisbie 5 P.M. 

October 3. The army moved forward through Franklin, 
camped outside of town 3 P.M.; 4th, on the march, at 5 A.M. 
passed through Irish Bend and camped at 3 P.M.; 5th, on the 
march, camped two miles from New Iberia; 8th, on the march, 
p ssea through New Iberia at Vermillion Rive^: quite a skir 
mish took place. 

October 9. Considerable skirmishing by the cavalry; regi 
ment broke camp, marched to the front in line of battle, de 
ployed as skirmishers in support of the cavalry; cavalry swam 
the river, driving the enemy through the town. 

October 10. The bridge having been rebuilt, the army 
passed over and camped near the town of Vermillionville ; re 
ceived two months pay. 

October ri. Sunday. Up early; marched forward, driving 
the enemy before us, made next bayou, 13 miles (Carrion Crow 

October i$. Troops under arms; a battery went to the 
front supported by our regiment; artillery engagement; reg 
iment lay in front of battery. 

October 16. Under arms but not wanted. 

October 21. Up early and on the move, driving the enemy 
before us, constant skirmishing with the enemy s rear guard; 
passed through Grand Coteau and camped at Opolusas. 

October 22. Under arms ready for an attack. 

October 23. Whole regiment went on picket, men short of 
overcoats; cold. 

October 24. Seven rebel deserters came in. 

October 25. Colonel Carr came up to the regiment re 
covered from his wound received at Port Hudson; was well 
received by the men. 

October 30. Information came that foraging party was at 
tacked; soon under arms. 

October 31. Regiment went on picket. 

November i. Sunday. Again on the move, returning to 
Carrion Crow Bayou, arriving at noon. 

November 2. On the march, made Vermillion River at 

November 4. Up early, under arms, went across the bayou; 
the enemy attacked our troops yesterday at Carrion Crow 
Bayou .with quite a heavy force, capturing our picket; quite a 
battle was fought, the enemy charging three times on Nim s 
battery, our losses quite heavy; after dark regiment returned 
to camp. 

November 5. Call to arms, not needed, dismissed. 

November 7. Our new officers came to fill vacant places. 

November 8. Sunday inspection, Lieutenant Hall assigned 
to Co. D; Captain Felix Agnus now Major. 

November 9. Acting as the provost guard in town. 

November 1 1 . The brigade received orders to go to the 
front; found cavalry and infantry skirmishing with the enemy; 
artillery supported by our brigade lying flat on the ground in 
line of battle, skirmishers fell to the rear of us; the rebel cav 
alry advanced in line of battle, our batteries opened upon them, 
were driven back and it became an artillery fight; we finally 
fell back to see if the enemy would follow us; they did not; at 
3 P.M. returned to camp. 

November 16. Army on the move at 8 A.M., marched some 
miles and camped. 

November 17. Army on the move, arriving at New Iberia 
at noon, our regiment doing provost duty in the afternoon; 
detail sent after our knapsacks. 

November 20. Orders given to prepare for winter quarters. 

November 21. Lumber furnished; men building their huts. 

November 22. Men slept in the canvas-covered huts. 

November 24. Major Felix Agnus and a sergeant left for 
New York city to get recruits; quite a number of men were 
recruited in New Orleans, many of them having been in the 
rebel army. 

November 25. Detail of men arrived with our knapsacks 
and regimental baggage. 

December i. A member of Co. A died in hospital here. 

December 2. Co. A s man buried to-day by detail from the 
regiment; on the 5th the band of the nth Indiana gave a 
serenade at our camp; on the i5th a member of Co. B died 
the second man who died here; on the 23d detail of 50 men 
to take charge of 300 rebel prisoners to be exchanged; men 
provided with plenty of rations. 

January 7, 18.64. Struck camp, marched in snow and ice 


and made only 12 miles; on the 8th continued march; hard 
marching, made 13 miles, camped at Irish Bend; on the gth 
marched into Franklin, arriving at 10 A.M., camped in large 
churchyard; on the loth we went on provost duty, changed 
camp and quartered in theatre. 

January 16. Arranging quarters in churchyard; building 

January 25. Moved into camp, now permanent quarters 
for the present; general Franklin has gone to, New Orleans 
and has reported to General Banks that our regiment is the 
most efficient provost guard in igth army corps. We have 
gained the good opinion of the citizens by our soldiery conduct 
and behavior; General Emory in command of the post. 

February 3. Had a flag-raising in our camp, amid the firing 
of cannon, band of music and cheers of the men. 

February 14. Three recruits came here from New York. 

February 16. Thirty more recruits from New York. 

February 18. Thirtieth Massachusetts left on furlough. 

February 19. Thirtieth Maine arrived 1,100 strong, a vet 
eranized regiment. 

February 20. The noth New York left for Key West. 

February 22. Washington s birthday; intended to be cele 
brated by opening of the theatre under the control of the regi 
ment, could not get ready; election for State officers on Union 
Free State ticket. 

March i. Excitement in camp; opening of theatre; play 
called the "Querubus"; first night attended by officers and 
others connected with the post. 

Anarch 4. Captain French left for New York on leave. 

March 5. Sixty recruits arrived from New York. 

March u. Orders given to be ready to move; all surplus 
clothing of the men sent away and stored. 

March 13. Sunday inspection of knapsacks; only one 
change of clothing allowed. 

March 14. Army on the move, cavalry advancing all day 
and night passing to the front. 

March 15. Troops still marching through town; Captain 
Gould H. Thorpe and Dr. James F. Ferguson resigned from 
the regiment. 

March 16. Struck camp, went on board steamer Red Chief 
on our way to New Iberia, the army having all left yesterday; 


Captain Thorpe and Dr. James F. Ferguson bid us good-bye 
as we left for up the Teche; arrived at New Iberia at night 
and camped. 

March 17. The army on the march, leaving us to wait for 
pontoon train to arrive from New Orleans. 

March 18. Pontoon train came up. 

March 19. Started at 7 A.M. with the train two days be 
hind the army, one company in advance, one in rear, two com 
panies on each flank (this rule was kept up to Alexandria, 
many officers going to join their regiments with us) ; Col 
onel Carr in command wades Vermillion River; camp; regi 
ment was formed like on the plains against Indians a hollow 
square for baggage wagons, regiment inside, pickets around 
camp, all horses and mules inside of square; made 21 miles. 

March 20. Early on the march; made Carrion Crow Bayou; 
foraging parties sent out; made 14 miles. 

March 21. On the march in hard rain, slow marching; 
passed through Opelousas at 3 P.M., arrived at Washington 
after dark in torrents of rain, quartered in houses; made 20 

March 22. Road in horrible condition, slow progress; ad 
vance attacked by bushwhackers, one negro shot, several cap 
tured by them; camped on a plantation owned by the leader 
of the band that attacked us to-day. 

March 23. On the march; burned the cotton on planta 
tion; the road run along Bayou Beoffe; made 18 miles and 

March 24. Rained hard; roads in bad condition; passed 
through Holmesville; town deserted; made only 10 miles. 

March 25. Cleared off; roads in bad order; men had to 
help wagons out of holes; passed through Cherry ville after a 
hard march; made 18 miles and camped. 

March 26. Found roads worse than yesterday, made so by 
wagon trains ahead; made 13 miles; camped on Governor 
Moore s plantation; men made free with everything. 

March 27. Sunday. Orders given to rig up in full dress; 
about noon went into Alexandria in fine style; found we had 
gained one day on the army, we making 175 miles in 82 days. 

March 28. Continued the march of whole army; strung 
out immense length. 

March 29. Passed through Clouterville ; camped after dark- 


April i. Driving the rebels by the advance; firing at the 
front; made 16 miles. 

April 2. On the march; made the town of Natchitoches 
and camped. 

April 3. Printers in i3th army corps took possession of 
newspaper office and issued a paper. 

April 6. Army on the move; slow marching through the 
pine forests. 

April 7. Rained in torrents all day, men wet to the skin; 
camped at Pleasant Hill, after fight by our advance cavalry 
division; our losses some 80 killed and wounded; no rations. 

April 8. Train came up with rations at 8 A.M.; firing is 
heard in advance ; progress slow ; firing all day at the front ; at 
3 P.M. ordered into camp at Bayou Patrice; ordered to issue 
rations; very heavy firing at the front, the rear was incessant; 
orders given to fall into our division, we went forward on the 
double quick for some miles, the head of division came into 
action, ist and 26. brigades first; our brigade filed into wocds 
on left of the road; part of our regiment got into line when a 
heavy volley was poured into us; it broke us up somewhat, 
we soon rallied and maintained our position ; Colonel Gover- 
neur Carr was shot; the enemy captured a great many of 
the 1 3th army corps and a large number of wagons and Nim s 
battery; at 8 P.M. a line of skirmishers were thrown out in 
our front; at 10 P.M. we were ordered to fall back to Pleasant 
Hill, marched slowly all night, arrived at 7.30 A.M. on the 
9th; 27 men of Co. C were left on the picket line at Sabine 
Cross Roads and were taken prisoners; a number of our men 
were killed and wounded; our loss yesterday estimated about 
4,000; after resting i^ hours our regiment was thrown cut on 
the skirmish line, covering the left flank of the army; the 
brigade line was in heavy timber thick underbrush; at i P.M. 
we saw a heavy line of the enemy pass across the road that runs 
through the woods about a quarter of a mile in front; we 
knew then they were getting into position; about 5 P.M. the 
enemy came through the woods in heavy force trying to turn 
the left flank of the army; the men stood up well for awhile, 
but our line was light, the men held the line too long before 
they were ordered to fall back; quite a number of the regi 
ment were captured before they got out of the woods; Colonel 
Benedict, commanding brigade, was killed first; many of the 


rebels were out of the woods on the left before we got out on 
the right; we fell back to a ditch about 100 yards; the rebels 
poured out of the woods in heavy force; the roar of artillery 
and musketry was incessant; they finally drove us out of 
the ditch, up a hill so quick a battery in position had not time 
to take their pieces away; as we w^ent over the hill we saw a 
line of the i6th army corps in position; when the enemy reached 
the top of the hill our forces opened heavy fire upon them with 
artillery and musketry, the enemy broke; with a great shout 
a charge was ordered, driving the enemy some distance; they 
made another stand but finally broke; the men of our brigade 
joined in the charge as best they could; night coming on, 
the killed and wounded on both sides were attended. 

April 10. Sunday at 3 A.M. on the march to the rear, 
short of rations and ammunition; men completely worn out, 
having had only 4 hours sleep in 48 hours; camped at noon 
after 21 miles march; rations issued; our dead were left behind 
unburied at Pleasant Hill; in the last two days our regiment 
lost about 60 men; many of the new recruits were captured. 

April ii. On the march, after 17 miles reached Grand 
Ecore; this place is 4 miles from Natchitoches ; camped in 
the woods to await supplies. 

April 12. The position is being fortified, our communi 
cations are kept open by gunboats; the enemy have followed 

April 13. Fighting going on at the front, attack on gun 
boats, under arms and in line of battle at noon, remaining 
until night; slept on arms. 

April 17. The earthworks around this place are about 

April 20. Orders given to be ready to move; three days 
cooked rations ordered to be ready. 

April 21. Left camp at 4 P.M., marched rapidly until 3 
A.M.; made 37 miles. 

April 22. On the march at 10 A.M., continued all day 
until 8 P.M.; men tired out, having marched 21 out of 28 hours. 

April 23. On the march along Cane River; as we neared 
the crossing where the pontoons were laid, coming up, found 
the enemy had fortified the bluffs; they opened upon us with 
artillery; the 2d and 3d brigades of our division were ordered 
up the river; our brigade was ordered to sling cartridge boxes 


around their necks and ford the river; not knowing depth of 
water a volunteer was called for and Private David Lewis, 
of Co. A, volunteered and got safely across; we followed, but 
found the water up to our waists ; arrived safe on the other 
side some 3 miles to the left of enemy s position; waiting 
until 2d brigade came over, Co. D was thrown out as skirmish 
ers, through thick underbrush; after considerable skirmishing 
halted to allow brigade to get into position behind a rail fence; 
i62d New York on left, i65th New York on rj,ght, i73d New 
York and 3oth Maine in centre, under command of Colonel 
Fessenden, of 3oth Maine; our forces on other side of river 
opened heavy with artillery; a clear space through the woods 
up the hill admitted of the i73d New York and 3oth Maine 
having the clearing, i62d and i65th New York under cover 
of timber; at 2 P.M. the charge was ordered; the brigade 
jumped the fence and with a shout charged up the hill in the 
face of artillery and musketry; in a short time the position 
was taken, our brigade losing heavily for so short a fight; 3oth 
Maine and i;3d New York lost some 350 men killed and 
wounded; Colonel Fessenden wounded; our regiment had 
only 4 wounded, being under cover of woods; quite a number 
of prisoners were taken, mostly wounded; found many horses 
tied to trees; the enemy was artillery and mounted in 
fantry; found fires burning and meals cooking in kettles and 
pans; the wounded were attended to; camped for the night; 
General Smith was attacked in strong force in the rear of our 
army at Cloutersville, defeating the enemy; the 3oth Maine, 
that came out a few months ago 1,100 strong, has dwindled 
down to 300 men, a loss of 800 in about two months; our bri 
gade is under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Blanchard, of 
i62d New York; Colonel Peck, 173(1, put under arrest at Sa- 
bine Cross Roads; Colonel Benedict killed at Pleasant Hill and 
now Colonel Fessenden wounded four brigade commanders 
in less than a month. 

April 24. On the march at 10 A.M., left the enemy s 
wounded behind, our wounded taken along in ambulances; 
considerable fighting in our rear; continued march until 9 
P.M., making 30 miles; the whole sky was lighted up with 
burning cotton. 

April 25. Day very hot, left camp at 6 A.M., within a few 
miles of Alexandria; hundreds of men dropped from heat and 


exhaustion; a halt was ordered and men were attended to by 
surgeons; after a rest we arrived in town at 5 P.M.; this 
march was the most severe we ever experienced; men were 
completely played out from hardships, exposure and short 

April 26. Paid two months pay; clothing account settled 
to January i. 

April 28. Under arms and went to the front; slept under 
arms in position. 

April 29. Returned to camp at 9 A.M., making payrolls 
for four months pay. 

May 2. Regiment went on advanced picket. 

May 6. At work on fortifications. 

May 7. Application made to the army for men for the 
navy; 18 men went out of our regiment, 3 from Co. D. 

May 8. Our brigade went on foraging expedition, went 
down the river 12 miles, returning to camp 9 P.M. 

May 9. River being low, large details of men were made 
to build piers out in the river to dam up the water; on two- 
thirds rations; orders given to be ready to move; knapsacks 
sent on board transport, all sick men ordered on board of 

May 10. Large forces working night and day on dam. 

May ii. Our regiment ordered into town for provost 
duty; quartered in town hall. 

May 12. The gunboats got through to-day. 

May 13. Everything being ready the army began the 
march down the river; we were the last to leave town; after 
leaving we saw part of the town in flames ; camp followers set 
fire to warehouse on river front; marched 13 miles and camped. 

May 14. The gunboats and transports are all on their way 
down the river; our flank is covered by cavalry along the 
whole line of march; shots were fired into transports from 
other side of river; our march is slow; made 15 miles; camped. 

May 15. Our march is slow, heavy advance of cavalry, 
also in rear, advance are skirmishing all day; at 5 P.M. fight 
ing going on in front, army drawn up in line of battle, the 
enemy falling back behind Marksville; made only 12 miles. 

May 16. Early on the move, passed through Marksville; 
the enemy was found in position in a heavy piece of woods 
3 miles from Marksville; we had a large open prairie on which 


to operate; the artillery were soon in position, skirmish line 
in front; the battle opened, our regiment supporting the 2ist 
Indiana battery, a splendid sight on this plain; our whole 
army was in view; General Smith s corps became engaged on 
the extreme right, infantry in centre and left were only sup 
porting artillery ; the enemy finally driven from their posi 
tion; continued march and camped at Bayou de Glaze; making 
15 miles; the fight is known as Mansura Plains. 

May 17. Up early, finally reached a place that used to be 
called Simsport; no houses left in town; camped on the banks 
of the Atchafalaya River; no bridge to cross the river; A. J. 
Smith s corps had a fight to-day covering our rear. 

May 1 8. Considerable firing in the rear, at 2.30 P.M. the 
engagement opened heavy, fighting desperate on both sides, 
charging and recharging; the rest of the army under arms 
on the reserve, enemy finally driven back, 300 prisoners taken ; 
all night long the killed and wounded were brought in near 
our camp, the dead buried and wounded taken care of; at work 
building a bridge of 25 steamboats, bows on alternate, details 
of brigades at work night and day running trains across by 

May 19. Our brigade on detail to run artillery and wagons 
across, finished to-day; marched 3 miles and camped. 

May 20. The rear of the army are across; in the after 
noon regiment went on picket; at 7 P.M. everything being over 
we made a moonlight march until 1.30 A.M., camped and slept 
till 10 A.M. 

May 21. We continued march until 6 P.M., camping on 
the banks of the Mississippi River. 

May 22. Sunday. Moved 3 miles and camped at Mor- 
ganza Bend, thus ending our Red River expedition of 68 days 
and 53o-mile march. 

May 23. The i6th army corps left for Vicksburg. 

May 26. Captain French came up to-day with 108 re 
cruits, fully armed and equipped; they have been at New 
Orleans some time waiting to join us. 

May 29. Sunday inspection; Captain French in com 
mand of regiment. 

May 30. The new men were divided among the com 
panies; Co. D got 10, making company 55 strong; orders given 
to have two days cooked rations; after so much hardship 


the men are getting sick; any quantity of rain and discom 

June 9. Paymasters are paying off troops. 

June 10. The i3th army corps left for Camp Parapet; 
army corps broken up. 

June ii. A grand review of the igth army corps in hard 
rain, went through the review, returned to camp wet to skin 

June 13. The 3oth Massachusetts returned recruited up; 
had a grand review by General Daniel E. Sickles; display very 

June 15. Sutlers came up, Adams and Harnden s express 
companies opened offices ; engaged in building a for there ; the 
men catch plenty of fish. 

June 17. Six of our prisoners came back paroled; two of 
our men died in enemy s hands, the 3oth Maine losing many 
men by death; our regiment continues very healthy; we are 
drilling every day; only two men have died by disease since 
leaving Franklin. 

June 1 8. Had conversation with returned prisoners; they 
say the rebels had about 2,500 wounded in Mansfield and 900 
had died of their wounds ; they said our prisoners were treated 
very well, and speak w^ell of the citizens of the town, who gave 
them many comforts; that there were many Union people 
there; the prisoners were taken to Clyde, Tex.; the sanitary 
condition of our camp is good; we keep up our old reputation 
in that respect. 

June 20. Paid four months pay-roll; we are under very 
strict rules; some of our new men are sick; the season very 
hot; cool nights. 

June 25. One of our new men died; had a grand review 
by General Canby, passed off well; our camp is swept clean 
every day. 

June 27. Making two months pay-rolls. 

July 2. Packed up and went on board steamboat. 

July 3. The whole corps is on the move; 2.30 A.M., pro 
ceeded down the river arriving at New Orleans at 5 P.M. 

July 4. Left the city; w r ent over to Algiers and camped; 
quite a number of the new men deserted. 

July 8. Details to look after deserters; issuing clothing to 

July 10. Evening struck camp and went on board steamer 


Victor and went down the river; another regiment on board 
with us, 3oth Maine; they below and we on deck. 

July ii. Passed out the mouth of the river and across 
the Gulf toward Florida. 

July 14. Doubled Florida Keys. 

July 15. Ocean rough, much seasickness; wind blew gale. 

July 17. Raining hard; thunder and lightning; could 
hardly stand on deck; off Cape Hatteras. 

July 1 8. Cleared up; quite pleasant; arrived at Fortress 
Monroe ; hospital boat came alongside ; reported healthy ; sailed 
up the James River, arriving at City Point 6 P.M. 

July 19. Went up to Bermuda Hundred and landed; 
camped, waiting for rest of the brigade. 

July 23. The other steamer arrived and landed the men; 
they had a rough time off Hatteras in the storm; left at i 
P.M. for the front; halted on the banks of the James River; 
at night, under cover, we went across on pontoon bridge to an 
advanced position; everything conducted quietly. 

July 24. At work on earthworks about 2 miles from Mal- 
vern Hill, on the opposite side of the river from Peters 

July 25. Moved camp outside of smaller fort, but inside of 
larger one; we have a heavy picket line to keep up a bold 
front; we are in General Butler s department, under com 
mand of General Foster; our brigade are the only troops 
here of igth corps; some mistake has been made in sending 
us here; every day at work on earthworks, and sometimes 
all night. 

July 27. The 2d army corps came over this morning; 
pontoon covered with rushes taken out of river; went to the 
front, drove in the enemy; captured 12 pieces of artillery; 
General Sheridan, with cavalry, came over and started on a 
raid; took six hours to cross; we saw Hancock, Sheridan, 
Gibbons, Foster and other Generals; in the afternoon we were 
ordered to pack up, and marched to Bermuda Hundred; went 
on board steamer for Washington. 

July 28. Arrived at Fort Monroe at i P.M. 

July 29. Went up the Potomac, arriving at Sixth street, 
Washington, D. C., at 3 P.M., paraded up Pennsylvania avenue, 
past the White House, Georgetown, and camped near Chain 


July 30. In the evening broke camp; went back to Wash 
ington; went to depot. 

July 31. At 2 A.M. took train, arriving at Monocacy Junc 
tion, Md., at 2 P.M., hungry, having had no rations; camped 
near railroad; a large army is congregated here. 

August i. No rations; made best of it; Pennsylvania 30- 
day men want soft bread; we can t get hard tack; managed 
to get some green corn and apples. 

August 2. Rations plenty now. 

August 5. General Grant visited General Sheridan to 

August 6. Struck camp; in charge of wagon train, passing 
through Frederick, Peterville; passed over the mountains and 
camped at Knoxville; a hard day s march over rough roads. 

August 7. Still in charge of train; passed over pontoon 
bridge at Harper s Ferry and camped at Halltown ; the army is 
composed of the 6th, 8th, and igth army corps, and heavy 
force of cavalry. 

August 10. The whole army moved forward up the Shen- 
andoah Valley, passing through Charlestown, Berryville, camp 
ing 5 miles from town. 

August 12. On the march; passed through Middletown, 
and camped near Thoroughfare Gap; our cavalry had a 
skirmish ; no rations for the army ; got some green corn and 

August 13. No rations yet; caught a pig; not allowed to 
kill it; lived on corn and apples; at night the supply train 
came up. 

August 14. Orders for our brigade to move and take back 
the supply train; arrived at Winchester 5 P.M., and were quar 
tered in a large building; the train was turned over to other 
troops; we are doing provost duty, and have possession of 
the town; we understand the cause of our rations not getting 
up before was that Mosby attacked the train and burnt 50 
wagons; the other three regiments are camped outside of 

August 1 6. Moved into permanent quarters ; regular patrols 
cover the whole town. 

August 17. Regiment received orders to take charge of 
supply train; left with train to-day; made Berryville, and 


August 1 8. Moved to Charlestown, camped near Emory s 
headquarters; we have charge of ammunition train. 

August 19. Took train to Charlestown; returned to Emory s 
headquarters; Mosby causing a great deal of trouble behind 
our lines; our army falling back. 

August 20. Up at 2 A.M.; went 2 miles below Charleston 
to bring up a supply train; there seems to be a great deal of 
confidence in our brigade for such work; perhaps our pontoon 
trip two days behind Banks army has made us well known 
for such work. 

August 21. In camp until 3 P.M., when orders were given 
to conduct train to the rear; a battle was fought to-day; 
number of prisoners brought in and large number of wounded; 
camped at Bolivar Heights. 

August 22. We joined our brigade. 

August 24. Went to the front; at work on earthworks. 

August 25. Still at earthworks. 

August 26. Still at work. 

August 27. Earthworks are finished; the enemy strong in 
our front ; quite a fight between the First Brigade of our divi 
sion, driving the enemy out of their rifle pits; many prisoners 
were taken; the brigade lost about 100 men. 

August 28. Sunday. Our brigade ordered to report to 
General Stevenson at Harper s Ferry. 

August 29. Still at Harper s Ferry; all day heavy artil 
lery firing is heard at the front. 

September i. The regiment is doing picket duty, besides 
unloading the cars of Government stores and guarding railroad. 

September 3. A battle is going on at the front; can hear 
the roar of artillery and see the smoke of battle. 

September 4. A large number of ambulances came in with 

September 5. The railroad to Martinsburg is being re 
paired; we are guarding the road. 

September 6. Are busy issuing winter clothing. 

September 8. One hundred men from the regiment, with 
three days rations, went up the river to protect men repairing 
the railroad; the rain descends the hill and runs through 
our camp. 

September 9. Ordered to make our camp on top of Bolivar 


September n. Detail from the railroad came in to-day; 
we have 50 men on regular detail at Harper s Ferry as guard 
over Government stores, pontoon bridge and general head 

September 14. A large number of prisoners came in to-day; 
most of them belong to South Carolina regiments. 

September 16. A detail of 30 men in full uniform ordered 
to report to headquarters, with three days rations, to take 
prisoners to Camp Chase, O. 

September 17 General Grant, with a large cavalry escort, 
passed up to the front, amid the cheers of the men. Our 
regiment went to the front with supply train. 

September 18. Returned with empty train. 

September 19. A great battle is being fought; from our 
camp we can see the smoke and hear the roar of artillery. 

September 20. Two regiments of our brigade went up to 
the front with an immense train of ammunition and medical 
stores; also all the surgeons that could be spared. 

September 2 1 . The news from the front is good ; rebel 
army in retreat ; losses very heavy on both sides. 

September 22. Eight rebel battle flags passed through our 

September 23. Detail that took prisoners returned, and 
say were treated well on the road ; the two regiments that 
went up on the 2oth, returned with 1,480 privates and 130 
officers captured on the iQth, the beginning of others to come 
in; Winchester is full of wounded men. 

September 25. Sunday ; 75 men detailed to go with prisoners 
to Point Lookout, from our regiment; all the prisoners had 
to be enrolled before leaving. 

September 26. Seventy-five more men to take prisoners to 
Fort Delaware; very few men left in camp. 

September 27. Twenty pieces of artillery captured came in. 

September 28. Six more pieces brought in. 

September 30. The first squad returned from their trip with 

October i. Second squad returned. 

October 2. Orders given to move camp down in valley; too 
cold on top of the heights ; in the afternoon the regiment went 
away with three days rations to Kearney ville to guard the rail 


October 4. Regiment returned to camp, with orders to be 
ready to move. 

October 5. Packed up, and on the march, with four days 
rations; went to Bunker Hill. 

October 6. Left early with 800 wagons for the front; camped 
at Winchester. 

October 7. Started early and made Cedar Creek; the army 
is fuicher up the valley. 

October 9. Sunday. Started back with an empty train; 
our usual place to stop is at the Old Mill, one mile above Win 
chester; the brigade was divided; i33d and i65th New York 
take one train, i62d and i;3d New York other train; attached 
to each train is a company of cavalry to lead the advance, pro 
tect the rear, and act as flankers, right and left. 

October 10. Started with empty train for Martinsburg, 22 
miles; one days run for the train, making a halt at Bunker 
Hill at noon. 

October 12. Started with full train; delivered train at 
Winchester, as our army has fallen back to Cedar Creek; 
camped at Old Mill. 

October 19. Arrived last night with train, and camped at 
Old Mill; roused up early with heavy firing at the front; we 
were ordered to deploy as skirmishers, i33d to the right, i65th 
to left of road, to prevent stragglers entering Winchester and 
causing a panic, as we had an immense amount of stores in 
town, and the people sympathized with the enemy; the 
stragglers came by thousands; General Sheridan had gone to 
Washington; General Sheridan finally arrived, and went to the 
front, causing by his presence a defeat to be turned into vic 
tory, capturing nearly all trains and artillery, and driving the 
enemy far up the valley. 

October 20. The excitement of the battle continues; 
wounded in large numbers brought into Winchester; our 
losses very heavy. 

October 21. A Massachusetts regiment passed down the 
road on their way home, badly cut up in their last fight; we 
left camp at dark; took train down; it rained hard; marched 
all night, arrived at Martinsburg in the morning. . 

October 24. Men are sending home notices how to have 
their vote recorded for President. 

Oc obcr 25. Started with large train, with many paymasters 


and money, in ambulances, to pay off troops; while resting 
near Bunker Hill for dinner, Mosby attacked us with a large 
force of cavalry, for him, some 400; the men were soon in 
line; forward march, file right and left, and then ordered to 
deploy as skirmishers, on double-quick; the movement was 
quickly done; Colonel Curry meanwhile had massed the train 
in close order; as soon as deployed, forward march was given; 
the men sprung to their work lively; firing commenced; soon 
two pieces of artillery passed quickly to the front and unlirrr 
bered, sending shot into Mosby s cavalry; this they did not ex 
pect, and cleared out to the left in piece of timber; it seems 
from what we learned afterward that Mosby knew that a 
large amount of money was going to the front in this train 
to pay off the army, in charge of six paymasters; he expected 
to capture it, but did not count on our having a reconstructed 
battery going to the front; we did not know it ourselves, 
and it was a surprise to us; Mosby s men did make a dash 
down the road to the right, and our regiment and the i33d 
received them warmly; Colonel Curry handled everything 
well; we arrived at Winchester late at night. 

October 26. Started early, arriving at Cedar Creek at night; 
saw many evidences of the previous battle, and the smell was 
horrible from the dead horses. 

October 27. The brigade is relieved from wagon train service, 
and joined our division. 

October 28. General Dudley, our new brigade commander, 
took charge to-day. 

October 30. Had a grand review of the igth army corps 
by General Emory; our brigade was complimented in General 
Orders, read at dress parade, on our running the trains so 
carefully without any losses; pay-rolls are being made out. 

November 8. This is election day in the States for Presi 
dent, Lincoln and McClellan. 

November 9. The whole army moved back to near Xew- 
town, and go into winter quarters. 

November 10. Army has heard Lincoln was elected Presi 
dent for another four years. 

November 12. Commenced to fortify the camp; the enemy 
have followed us down. 

November 13. Sunday; the whole army at work on the 
fortifications, cutting trees and building breastworks. 


November 18. Our regiment went out as guard with a for 
aging train; came in soaking wet; cold rain. 

November 22. Commenced to build log cabins for winter 
quarters, 4 men to a cabin. 

November 24. This is Thanksgiving Day; friends in New 
York sent poultry to us ; men hard at work on their cabins. 

November 27. The regiment at inspection to-day (Sunday) 
did not look well; mixed uniforms; have not had any uni 
forms since leaving Louisiana; Colonel Can* returned to us, 
recovered from his wound at Sabine Cross Road; he brought 
gifts from friends in New York, turkeys, onions, and potatoes; 
turkeys roasted and stuffed; they were equally distributed 
among the men; each man received one-quarter of a turkey. 

November 30. For several days we have had good stews 
of meat, onions, and potatoes; fortifications about done; an 
immense amount of labor by the army, as the under soil was 
like slate, hard to pick up; nights are cold; have to keep 
fires going in cabins; men have to look out for wood. 

December 10. Heavy snow-storm; camp blocked; men 
making sleighs to bring in their wood; have to go into the 
timber and chop our own trees down, cut it up and haul it. 

December 12. The 6th army corps left to join Grant. 

December 15. News received that Sherman had arrived at 
Savannah; salute of 34 guns fired at Camp Russell, our camp; 
the men of the regiment suffer from the cold weather, having 
been nearly two years in Louisiana. 

December 24. Our new uniforms have come; every man in 
the regiment got one. 

December 26. One hundred guns fired in honor of the fall 
of Savannah. 

December 30. Orders given for our regiment to pack up 
and move, and give up our comfortable quarters; roads very 
muddy ; hard marching ; passed through Winchester to Stephen- 
son s Station, about 4^ miles below Winchester; the railroad 
from Harper s Ferry has been built to this place, and all sup 
plies come here; we are on guard over the stores. 

January i, 1865. Sunday; commenced to cut timber to 
build huts; spent a miserable New Year s in the mud; much 
growling among the men. 

January 4. Two officers and 13 men went home on fur 


January 5. Men had cabins nearly done when orders came 
to move; went to outskirts of Winchester and camped; snow 
on the ground. 

January 6. Rained hard; went into town, and were 
quartered in houses on Main street, opposite Court House; 
went on picket. 

January 7. Came off picket; snowing hard, and very cold; 
we are doing provost duty in town ; the men look well in their 
new uniforms, all new. 

January 8. Sunday; inspection in the morning and dress 
parade in the evening in the square. 

January 9. Guard mount every morning, at 9 A.M.; at 
stated hours the patrol make their rounds around town; men 
have regular posts at principal stations; Sheridan s headquarters 
in large mansion is the post of honor; men tearing up floors 
of Court House to fit up bunks in quarters, so that we can 
have things comfortable. 

January 17. The inhabitants are becoming used to us; 
all wood furnished to them through the Quartermaster of the 

February i. A large force of cavalry is being collected, 
and to-day they had a grand review, passing Sheridan s head 
quarters; took two hours to pass; estimated about 10,000 men 
and horses. 

February 2. Second division of cavalry went up to the 
front to-day. 

February 7. Heavy snow-storm making things lively in 
town; some talk of our regiment having a ball on the 


February 8. A new army corps badge adopted for the i9th 

February 13. Quite a number of men went home on fur 
lough; rations are not so large since the men have received 
increased pay ; the sutler is patronized more ; each man has 
a certain amount of credit at the sutler s. 

February 21. One hundred guns fired in honor of Sher 
man s capture of Columbia. 

February 22. Salute fired by artillery in honor of Wash 
ington; the regiment not able to have the ball, as the pay 
master has not seen us yet. 

February 23. News continues good from Sherman; this 


week has indeed been a memorable one for the army, in the 
capture of Columbia, Charleston, and Fort Sumter. 

February 24. News came of the capture of Wilmington; 
all the cavalry and several batteries have gone on some expe 
dition, under command of General Sheridan. 

February 25. A number of citizens and their families were 
sent outside of our lines because of their insults to officers and 

March 2. General Hancock is in charge of this department. 

March 5. Received four months pay; our detail to guard 
wood-choppers came in with cavalry guard, having 1,500 
prisoners captured by Custer in a fight; n battle flags were 
brought in. 

March 10. Our regiment had a ball to-night ; the Zoo-Zoos 
act as ladies, as we can t induce the secesh women to attend. 

March 13. Colonel Governeur Carr appointed provost mar 
shal of the town ; his orders are very strict ; streets to be cleaned, 
all rubbish removed; the town to be placed in good sanitary 

March 14. Our regiment had a stag dance to-night. 

March 19. Brigade inspection and brigade dress parade. 

March 24. By orders from the War Department, Orders 
No. 41, the i gth corps is disbanded, and General Emory or 
dered to report to General Hancock. 

March 26. Brigade review in the morning, dress parade in 
the evening. 

April 2. Brigade review and dress parade; received news 
that Sheridan had captured three brigades, wagon trains and 
several batteries, near the South Side Railroad. 

April 3. News received of the capture of Petersburg and 
the evacuation of Richmond; salute of 100 guns; orders were 
read at dress parade; grand illumination at night; great re 
joicing among the troops. 

April 4. Report that General Grant had captured General 
Lee s army, about 35,000 men, and all the paraphernalia belong 
ing to Lee s army; we are relieved from provost duty; under 
orders to leave in the morning; the other regiments of the 
brigade have gone up the valley; the men are in fine spirits; 
large numbers of troops are concentrating here; the people 
of the town are sorry to lose us ; by strict attention to our duty 
we have won their respect. 


April 5. Left early this morning and went to Kearntown 
and camped, but soon changed to one mile of Winchester. 

April 6. The whole force here are known as the Army of 
the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division; we are in the First 
division; eight days rations are kept ready, one change of 
clothes, overcoat, poncha and shelter tent, in light marching 
order, ready for any emergency. 

April 7. Changed camp to-day to near Romney; sent to 
Winchester for our blankets. 

April 9. Sunday; brigade review in the morning, division 
review in the afternoon. 

April 10. Left camp; marched through Winchester, Berry- 
ville; camped at Summit Point; the troops are being dis 
tributed around among the different towns; news received at 
midnight that Lee had surrendered to Grant; the men were 
roused from their sleep by salute of 100 guns; regiment after 
regiment rent the air with their cheers, bands began to play, 
a grand sight at the dead of night; the men returned to sleep 
with coming visions of a return home. 

April 12. Had a brigade drill in the afternoon; changed 
camp to near Charlestown. 

April 14. News of capture of Lynchburg and Selma, Ala. 

April 15. Orders to move; went on cars; passed through 
Harper s Ferry on our way to Baltimore. 

April 1 6. Arrived in Baltimore this morning; at noon pa 
raded through the city and took train for Wilmington, thence 
to New Castle; we caused considerable commotion, as the 
people never before had seen a zouave regiment; citizens very 
kind to us, providing us with supper; left by boat late at night 
for Fort Delaware. 

April 17. Quartered in barracks; on duty guarding rebel 
prisoners; duty very heavy; 24 hours on and off ; the prisoners 
have the same ration we have, only less quantity; continued on 
duty of guarding prisoners until May 3 1 , when we were relieved. 

June i. Left Fort Delaware by boat for New Castle; thence 
by train for Baltimore. 

The war having ended, the remainder of the military history 
of the regiment is not of vital interest. We left Fort Delaware 
June i and proceeded to Savannah, Ga., where we were assigned 
to provost duty, and shortly afterward went to Charleston, S. 
C., on the same duty. We left Charleston, September 6, 1865, 


for New York, and were mustered out of the service at Hart 
Island, New York Harbor, on Septemper 15, 1865. On our 
arrival at New York city we were accorded a grand and patriotic 
reception by the citizens as we marched up Broadway, under 
the escort of the 55th Regiment, New York Volunteers. Broad 
way was crowded on both sides by thousands of people, who 
were enthusiastic in applauding and greeting our brave boys, 
who had so gallantly upheld the flag on many a hard-fought 


The following article, written by Sergt. John Fleming, of 
Co. A, was published in the Long Island Farmer on March 7, 




During the last war many of the regiments had a pet animal 
of some kind or other, the history of some of which has been 
preserved in the field literature of those days, while others, 
equally deserving of fame, have scarcely received a mention 
outside of the home letters of the boys who cherished them. 
The stirring events of those years did not permit the subject 
of this sketch to receive the justice that was due to him, and 
now that twelve years have passed since he took his part in 
them, full reparation for the neglect is impossible. But courage 
and fidelity, when found, even in a dog, should not be allowed 
to pass without some tribute of a less perishable character than 
the testimony of the tongue, and hence the pen pleasurably 
turns to chronicle some of those incidents in the life of a regi 
mental pet which, if they do not prove that the reasoning 
faculty is not with man alone, do at least indicate how closely 
animal instinct approaches man s "crowning gift." 

When the i65th New York Volunteers, known as the Second 
Duryee Zouaves, was organizing at Camp Washington, on Staten 
Island, it had its full complement of cats -and dogs, each the 
favorite of some red leg, who pleasantly thought it might follow 
and cling to him through all the vicissitudes of a soldier s life. 
Among this collection was the afterward famous dog of the 
regiment, Tommy, who at this time, before his worth was 
known, received, like all the others, more kicks than crusts; 
but which, unlike the others, clung all the closer to his new 
associations, and which alone of all that feline and canine tribe 
in the barracks of the men accompanied them on a cold De- 


cember day to the steamer Merrimack, that was lying at one 
of the piers in New York to carry them to New Orleans. Tom 
my, though strictly speaking a "cur," and with nothing in his 
"make-up" that would secure him redemption from any well- 
regulated pound, marched intrepidly aboard the vessel, and 
with true soldiery instinct soon made himself perfectly at 
home. His presence aboard the vessel at once secured him 
the favorable attention of the men and excited their interest 
in his career. It was a New York dog. Th^ boys were New 
York boys. It was bound far away from home, going, as it 
were, into a new country; going to face danger. So were they. 
Perhaps his last growl would be heard within a few weeks on the 
banks of the Mississippi. Perhaps some of the boys would 
wearily lie down at the same spot to dream of home no more. 
What wonder, then, that Tommy soon won the watchful care 
and sympathy of the men whose fate he was sharing. It was 
with such thoughts as these that brought an unstinted supply 
of hard tack and pork and an abundance of friendly caressings. 
His personal appearance contributed nothing to them, for, in 
all truth, this was common enough. He was simply a firm, 
compact fat little dog, with a sleek brown hide, who looked 
capable of undergoing considerable fatigue after a little train 
ing, but with nothing about him to indicate the wonderful 
staying qualities and devotion he afterward exhibited. The 
transport, however, had not reached the mouth of the Missis 
sippi before nearly every man in the battalion had learned that 
Tommy, fully conscious of the growing esteem in which he was 
held, was a self-respecting dog, quick to resent any insult or 
injury, and no longer the submissive cur of the days when his 
friends were few. Kind treatment had worked a favorable 
revolution in Tommy s nature. He was now a dog who would 
take his own part, and the boys respected him accordingly. 
This respect was not lessened when it became apparent that 
he fully realized that he was of the "rank and file," and that 
neither the threatening nor coaxing of any officer of the regi 
ment could succeed in winning for him Tommy s slightest con 
sideration or attention. This virtue, for it was so looked upon 
by the men, never forsook him, and during his long term of 
active service he never permitted any of the officers the familiar 
privilege of patting his back, though manifesting every evidence 
of delight when any of the enlisted men bestowed the same 


attention. His incurable indifference to the officers was several 
times the cause of considerable amusement to the camp. 

It was at Camp Parapet, or Alligator Swamp, as it was called 
by the men, that Tommy, like the rest of the regiment, began 
to live a soldier s life in earnest. At the first tap of reveille 
he might be seen moving from the spot where the fire of some 
company cook had left a little of its warmth, and immediately 
after begin to shake himself vigorously, in preparation for his 
duties of the day. At the rolling of the blankets, putting tents 
in order, and lavatory exercises, which followed reveille, he 
kept himself busy in visiting and saluting the men, and when 
the drum for company drill sounded, Tommy selected his com 
pany and followed it faithfully through all its evolutions. At 
the battalion drills he belonged to no company, but with pardon 
able vanity stationed himself on the right of the line, and 
unless some interloping mule became visible, maintained his 
position with dignity until the drill was over, when he would 
march off at the head of his favorite company. At guard 
mountings he was always on hand, and whether the detail 
was large or small, the sound of the drum or bugle brought 
Tommy to its head, and go where it might he would accom 
pany it, and march back to camp at the head of the guard 
that was relieved, not forgetting, during the day, to go out 
and pay a short visit to the men at their posts, and receive 
their friendly salutations. He seemed never idle, and never 
weary of interest in the affairs of the boys. If a fatigue party 
was formed, he was at its heels; or a special detail for any 
purpose, he was off with the corporal or sergeant in charge, 
only to return to camp as soon as its duties were performed, 
and evince his readiness to be off with some other. At tattoo 
he would decently retire, being always sure of finding shelter 
when the men had it for themselves ; and all these soldierly 
services he faithfully performed, not at Camp Parapet alone, 
but in every camp in Louisiana, Virginia, at Charleston, and 
at Savannah; wherever he found himself. 

At Port Hudson he was with his regiment, but before the 
siege closed accompanied a large number of the wounded men 
to Baton Rouge. It is possible that among these wounded 
there was some special favorite, for he kept a close watch upon 
the hospital where they lay, and remained away for such a 
length of time that the regiment began to think Tommy had 


enough of marching and fighting, and would never report back 
for duty. During his absence, Port Hudson had fallen, the 
regiment had sailed on a fruitless expedition to the coast of 
Texas, had returned to the Mississippi, and had been sent up 
the Teche country, and there was but little hope that Tommy 
would ever find his way back to his old friends. But one day, 
about five months after his departure, to the astonishment and 
delight of the men, he marched in among them, where they 
lay at Franklin, on the banks of the Teche. ^ He had found 
his way on board a boat to New Orleans, where, it was after 
ward learned, he tarried about a week, revisiting the former 
resorts of the men; had crossed the river to Algiers, taken the 
army train to Brashear City, crossed the river there, and then 
started through the country afoot, marching on until he found 
the army, and no one ever knew how he did it, for though 
following squads of soldiers returning to their commands, he 
was a stranger to them all. Here he at once resumed his active 
duties, and until the close of the war never absented himself 
again from the main body for more than a few days at a time. 
With unflinching devotion he followed the regiment on the 
disastrous Red River campaign, and though often left on the 
roadside panting for life, yet when the bivouac was reached, 
Tommy was never far behind the flag. He was present in all 
the engagements of the regiment, and although he displayed 
every sign of fear and anxiety, he never deserted his post. 
At Pleasant Hill he was slightly wounded, a bullet carrying 
off a small piece of his short tail; but he held his ground, and 
when the fight was over congratulated the survivors, as he 
did after every engagement, by every exhibition of delight. 
At Cane River, the regiment, preparatory to an assault, was 
lying at the foot of a hill, from which the enemy was doing 
some very lively musketry business. Tommy, with his usual 
good judgment, had placed his body behind a big tree. One 
of the men, thinking to use the tree for his own protection, 
uncerimoniously shoved him from the position, but so furi 
ously did Tommy attack this ungenerous soldier that he was 
glad to make room for him beside him. This man received 
a severe bite, but was only laughed at by his comrades. Tom 
my during his term of enlistment, over three years, had passed 
through many dangers ; he had marched many a weary league 
in the heat of the day and in the darkness of the night; he had 


made half a dozen trips at sea; traveled hundreds of miles by 
river and by rail; had shown his courage upon the battlefield 
of the regiment; had shared in all the privations of the men 
without a whimper, and escaped without other injury than the 
wound before described, and a cut in the upper lip, received 
from the flying heel of his hated foe, the army mule. 

The war had ended, the men were discharged and so was 
Tommy. His papers were regularly drawn up, and officially 
signed. His meritorious services were officially recognized, and, 
in part, inscribed upon his parchment, and, with the men, he 
prepared to take his departure from the battered walls of 
Fort Sumter, in September, 1865. And it was at this time 
he had his narrowest escape. Late at night, but under a bright 
and beautiful moon, a steam tug conveyed the regiment from 
Fort Sumter to the steamer that was to carry it home, and 
was then lying in the harbor. The tug was closing in upon 
the steamer, but its engine had not yet stopped, when Tommy, 
with his usual desire to lead the way, attempted to jump aboard, 
but in doing so struck his head against the guards of the steamer 
and was knocked overboard. On the instant the men were on 
the alert, the engine was stopped, and while half a dozen stood 
ready to plunge into the water the moment Tommy appeared 
on the surface, Corporal Baker went down under the tug s 
paddle, and there found the half-drowned dog resting against 
the wheel. He was soon safely deposited on the deck of the* 
steamer, as much to the delight of the men as to his own. 

This regiment that Tommy loved, and in which the gallant 
Cogswell and Fosdick died, landed at the Battery, in the city 
of New York, and, as was the return of the young Tobias to his 
father, "the dog, who had followed them all the way, ran 
before them, and, like a courier who might have preceded them, 
he testified to his joy by the wagging of his tail." 

The following was found in the pocket of a dead rebel officer 
at Port Hudson, La., by one of the men of the 6th Michigan 
Volunteers. He was a prisoner at the time in Port Hudson: 

"About 9 o clock in the morning (May 27) the attack was 
made in the woods on Colonel Steadman s (rebel) centre, and 
upon the line of fortification on General Beall s right. The 


latter attack, that of Sherman s brigade, was the most impos 
ing in appearance. Emerging from the woods at the distance 
of about 400 yards from our breastworks, the i65th Regiment 
New York Volunteers (2d Duryee Zouaves) charged in line of 
battle across an open field. The gay colors of their uniform 
contrasted brilliantly with the sombre shades of the trees and 
field, making a fine mark for our fire. As soon as they ap 
peared in sight our artillery opened on them with spherical case, 
many of them bursting right in their ranks, hgit the gaps were 
quickly closed up, and they came on in splendid style. As 
they lessened the distance our gunners substituted grape for 
shrapnel, and when they finally came within 150 yards our 
guns were double charged with canister, and the infantry 
receiving the order at the same time to fire, the field was swept 
with a storm of musket balls and grape shot. 

"The advancing line of zouaves wavered, and then halted, 
while they were dropping from the ranks, mown down by our 
deadly fire, which now became an incessant rattle of musketry, 
intermingled with rapid discharges of canister from the guns. 

*The zouaves, after wavering for a while in indecision, 
finally broke and scattered, most of the men throwing them 
selves flat on the ground behind stumps, logs and inequalities 
of the ground, where they now commenced sharp shooting. 
As soon as the zouaves broke, Sherman s brigade came out of 
the woods in column and deployed -to the right and left in 
line of battle, as prettily as if they were on drill. Our artillerists 
again had recourse to shell and shrapnel, and the infantry opened 
on this advance sooner than before. Their charge was a good 
one, and had the advantage of the zouave line of sharpshooters, 
some of whom were within a hundred yards of our works, and 
whose minnie balls were whistling over our parapet. 

"But our men, though opposed by an enemy ten times 
their number, kept up a withering fire, and after the brigade 
came a little nearer than the zouaves had done, it finally hesi 
tated and wavered. At this sure precursor to a repulse, our 
boys sent up a shout of triumph, for the victory they now saw 
certain. The enemy s officers and many of the men ran ahead 
of the line and urged the others on, but in vain, their confi 
dence in themselves was gone. Some them, in the hope of 
inspiring the others, started a cheer, but it died away in a 
weakly strain, and, the rear rank giving, the front rank turned 


also and the whole force made for the woods to the sound of 
our ringing cheers. At the woods they rallied, and, reforming 
their line under our artillery fire, they again charged. It was 
useless; we knew that troops we had once driven back so far 
would not succeed at a second trial under similar circumstances. 
After coming within fifty or sixty yards of where they first 
broke they wavered again and speedily broke." 



[From the Evening Era of July 31, 1863.] 

For the benefit of those persons who persist in calling our brave 
troops "vandals, robbers," and the like, we publish the following testi 
monials from the officers of several Confederate regiments, recently 
captured at Port Hudson. These thanks, it will be seen, are addressed 
to the 1 6 5th New York Regiment 2d Zouave. 

PORT HUDSON, LA., July 14, 1863. 

The undersigned, representing the officers of the iath Arkansas 
Infantry, take this method of returning their sincere thanks to the 
officers and men of the i65th New York Zouaves, for the uniform kind 
and courteous treatment received by us at their hands since the sur 
render of this place. 

Should the fortunes of war ever reverse our positions we will not 
forget them, but endeavor to reciprocate their kindness to the best 
of our ability. 

(Signed) T. J. REID, Colonel. 

T. S. WALKER, Lieutenant Colonel. 
T. C. SMITH, Major. 
C. H. JONAS, Captain and A.O.M. 
J. R. THORNTON, Adjutant. 
To Felix Agnus, Captain Commanding zd Zouaves. 

PORT HUDSON, LA., July 15, 1863. 
To ike Commanding Officer of N. Y. Zouaves, U. S. A., at Port Hudson: 

SIR: In an interview I had with you a few days since I expressed to 
you, on behalf of my men, their appreciation of the kindness shown us by 
yours, if I should leave Port Hudson without giving a more enduring 
form of acknowledgment, I would be doing injustice to the feelings and 
wishes of the men recently under my command. I therefore address 
you this note. 

On the ayth of May, your command engaged part of the men of 
mine. Then and afterwards my men spoke of your charge as a splendid 
exhibition of courage. When the fortunes of war placed us as prisoners 
in the hands of the United States forces we were suffering for food. 
As soon as our wants were understood, your men MORE THAN DIVIDED 
theirs with us, and in a variety of ways have shown themselves to be 
as kind and generous as they have shown themselves to be courageous. 

Please tender these acknowledgments to your command; they are 
made according to the wishes of my men. 
I am very respectfully, etc. 

D. PROVINCE, Colonel C.S.A. 

Lately Commanding Beall s Brigade. 
To Captain Felix Agnus, Commanding 2d Zouaves. 

PORT HUDSON, LA., July 15, 1863. 

SIR: Permit me to say to you that I never in the course of this war 
saw men behave with such courage and fortitude under all circumstances 
as your command. Your wounded were the constant theme of conversa 
tion by the stirgeons for the" heroic manner in which they bore up under 
some of the most frightful wounds. Permit me to thank THEM ALL for 
the very courteous manner in which they have treated us since the 

H. HANSLOW, Surgeon C.S.A. 
To Captain Felix Agnus, Commanding i6=;th I\ T ew York. 




Dedicated to the 

Veterans of the 

One Hundred and Sixty -Fifth 


&{ew York Volunteers 
(2d Duryee Zouaves} 

on the 

Forty-First Anniversary 
of Their Assault upon the 

Intrencbments of 
Port Hudson, La., 
May ijth, 


Ho! comrades, drain a bumper and fling the cups away! 
We drink to long-past glories; to buried friends to-day; 
And, as those friends were gallant, those glories dearly gained, 
See that the cup be brimming, the last red drop be drained ! 

Our ranks are sadly broken since forty years ago 
When, dressed in full battalion front, we marched to^neet the fee. 
From some, old age and illness have claimed the mortal price, 
But the bullets of the Southron reaped the richest sacrifice. 

Let s roll the dead years back to-night and stand with them again 
Upon the field where last we met, the living and the slain, 
While mem ry conjures up once more that bloody morn in May, 
When grim Port Hudson s booming guns announced the coming fray. 

Far roil the lines of battle, o er swamp and vale and height. 
And, far and near, the battle-flags toss in the morning light : 
A brave array is spread to-day to joust with waiting Death 
And fan the face of Destiny with sacrificial breath! 

For there is stretching, wide and deep, across our chosen way, 
With giant trunk and p. tinted branch, the tangled abatis, 
And reared beyond like headlands that guard a rock-fanged coast, 
The heaving, yellow earthworks where waits the rebel host. 

All silent lie those earthworks, as our futile field-guns play 
Upon their mighty ramparts of stiff, unyielding clay; 
But we know the siege-guns lurking in the redoubt s curtained slits 
And well we know the Eniields that will greet us from the pits! 

But, hark! The cannon-fire is slacking to its close, 

As down our serried columns, the word of caution goes. 

Are any here to falter? Are there any laggards now, 

Who tramped the long, forced, midnight march with Nickerson and Dow? 

Come, breathe a prayer to Heaven; cast terror to the wind. 
For Sherman s galloped out in front, with all his staff behind! 
Our gallant Colonel s in the van; his sword points out the way 
Duryee s Zouaves must follow in Glory s path to-day! 

Forward! The brazen bugle its stirring challenge flings 
And forth into the open the line of battle swings; 
Straight forth into the open, with measured tread and slow, 
The Stars and Stripes above us, the burnished steel below; 

Six hundred forms that stride as one, six hundred guns that shine, 
Six hundred faces sternly set toward the far rebel line, 
And, right and left, the regiments, steady as on parade, 
That march with us to hazard the deadly escalade. 


One moment yet, in silence redoubt and fieldtrench bide, 

As if the foe gaze, spell-bound, upon the coming tide, 

Then, like the livid lightning that frees the storm-cloud s ire, 

All down the close-embrasured line, leaps forth the siege-gun s fire! 

Have you heard the wind s wild clamor when the midnight typhoon broke ? 
Have you timed the lightning s measure as it rends the forest oak? . 
Such sounds will seem but music, sleep-wooing to your bed, 
When you ve harked to the yell of the ten-inch shell as it hurtles overhead? 

They come, those sightless reapers; front, flank and rear they strike, 
With sickening thud and spirting blood, smite high and low alike; 
But our steady ranks close smoothly o er each ragged fissure torn. 
As the sea fills up the furrow that the passing prow has shorn. 

We leave the open cornfields ; unbroken , hold our way 
Till we breast the leveled timber of the bristling abatis; 
And, though the files break distance in the labyrinthian net, 
There is neither halt nor tremor; we are rolling forward yet! 

But see! along the trenches, below the foeman s guns, 
Yellow and swift and spiteful, a line of fire runs! 
And, e en as we hear the volley and the storm of rebel yells, 
The abatis breaks forth in flame, lit by the bursting shells! 

Come, cheer. Zouaves! Xo fear. Zouaves! We re leading the brigade! 
The men who fall but bid us all press onward, undismayed. 
The men who fall! Dear God above, have pity on their souls! 
They fall amid the burning trees, in pits of glowing coals! 

Fosdick is down the gallant lad whose guidon led the right; 

No more we ll see his brave young face, flushed with the battle-light. 

Carville and Gatz and Graham are numbered with the slain 

And D Eschambault has fallen, never to rise again. 

Yet still, unchecked un conquered, the Zouaves strain ahead 
With muskets clutched in bleeding hands, leaving a trail of dead. 
While higher still the choking flames, roll like a furnace blast. 
And, faster blown, with whirr and moan, the bullets whistle past! 

More loudly swells the tumult; across the quaking plain. 
Smoke- wreathed the tossing battle-flags rise, sink and rise again; 
While, northward, crash the volleys, lashed out by the shrapnel s goad, 
Of Augur s fiery Irishmen, sweeping the Plain s Store Road. 

Inwood, the dashing captain, reels with a bitter wound; 

Torn by an iron fragment, Vance totters to the ground; 

But, Agnus, strong and eager, holds still the desperate path, 

With Morris, French and Hoffman, on, on, through the gates of wrath! 

Our shattered ranks are pausing upon the brink of doom; 

Can human courage win to where those thund ring breastworks loom? 

See! far ahead, the flashing blade of Abel Smith still shines 

And onward waves to soldiers graves or through the rebel lines! 


One moment more his falchion its dauntless sign proclaims; 
One moment more his Zouaves follow through shot and flames, 
Then, like some forest monarch, crushed down before the storm, 
With bleeding breast and nerveless hand, sinks that heroic form! 

Ah, grim-faced War, one victim more your authors must atone! 
Ah, Freedom, weep! Your wound is deep, for Abel Smith lies prone! 
Reft of our chief, our columns pause in the scathing fire, 
As paused the marching waters before the walls of Tyre. 

They pause; then, slow, reluctant to quit the fatal spot, 
W T ith many a short-lived rally and many a backward shot, 
The riven ranks, the tattered flags, the wounded and the whole 
Back from that pit of Hades in sullen billows roll. 

Crippled but not defeated; checked but with bosoms steeled 
To vengeance for the comrades lost upon that bloody field. 
Ere cease the foeman s volleys; ere yet the silence falls 
The regiments are rearing the breaching-batteries walls. 

Tis past and gone long years ago; we boys in blue to-day 
Give cordial hands, not bullets, to the men who wore the gray; 
To-day, across the pastures where we charged on that May morn, 
The summer breezes whisper through ranks of growing corn. 

The blackbird whistles from the fence, the sweet clematis vine 
Tangles the earth where stretched but now the smoking fieldtrench line; 
And o er the fragrant grass-lands stand shocks of new-mown hay, 
Where swept the Zouaves, cheering, through the burning abatis. 

One starry banner flutters from Georgia s storied ground 
To where the snow-capped Cascades stand guard o er Puget Sound; 
Reared by the hands of heroes; guarded by freemen s shields; 
Saved by the men who perished on Southern battle-fields. 

To-night, a grizzled remnant of those gallant hosts, we stand. 
Dreaming old battles o er again amid a peaceful land ; 
Proud that we once were of them ; glad that our toil and pain 
Helped to restore that banner, undimmed, to it s place again. 

But the thought most proud and tender is of those who have gone before, 
And we trust to the Lord Jehovah, who rules both peace and war, 
That again we may meet the comrades, when, too, we are called away, 
Who fell before Port Hudson s guns, that bloody morn in May. 

So drink the bumper roundly and toss the glasses clear! 
To comrades sleeping soundly who would bid us drink in cheer. 
As they, smiling, went from battle to the judgment of their God, 
Let us, smiling, pledge their slumbers in their tents beneath the sod! 

Written by JOSEPH MILLS HANSON, nephew of Lieut. A. G. Mills, 
Prcs. Veteran Association, i6^th Regt. N. Y. Vols., Second Duryee 
Zouaves, by whom it was read at the Anniversary Dinner, May 2jth, 


165th Regiment, N. Y. Vol. Infantry 

September, 1862 September, 1865 


Lieut.-ColonelABEL SMITH, JR. 
Major and Lieut. -Colonel GOVERNEUR CARR 

Capt. of Co. A, Major, Brevet-Lieut. -Col. & Gen. FELIX AGNUS 
Surgeon & Lieut.-Col. & Afedical Director of the Dept. of the Gidf, 

.4 djutant CHARLES H. WEST 
Q-uartermasterASHER M. ELLSWORTH 
Quartermaster RAYMOND T. STARR 
Sergt.-Major GEORGE A. BURTIS 
Sergt.-Major JOHN W. DICKENS 
Sergt.-Major FRANK H. ROSHORE 
Quartermaster Scrgt. WILLIAM H. B. KITSON 
Quartermaster Sergt. RAYMOND T. STARR 
Hospital Steward JOSHUA KIMBER 
Right & Left General Guide SERGT. ELBERT O. STEVES 
Right & Left General Guide SERGT. ANDREW WHITE 



2d and ist Lieutenant, Captain, and Brevet Major 
Charles A. Walker 

ist Lieutenant 

Barrv Fox 

2d and ist Lieutenant 

Andrew Naoier 

2d Lieutenant 

Hanson C. Gibson 

ist Sergeants 

John Fleming, Walter T. Hall, Theodore Newell and Wm. T. Sinclair 

George E. Armstrong 

Wm. Barker or John T. McTague 

George W. Broomhead 

Color, John A. Vanderbilt 
Alphonse Bietry 
John Gutches 
William J. Wheat 
John D. Lafont 


Joseph Donally 
josiah C. Dixon 
John W. Dickens 


James McCafferty 
Charles M. Whitney 
John T. Clancy 
Richard Baker 
William B. Hobby 

James Reilly 
George Shaw 
Albert N. White 

John H. Valk 
Chas. H. Spencer 
Edward Vass 
Chas. A. Clark 

Charles Monell 


Michael Donahue 


John Abel 

Francis Duval 

James A. Harris 

Charles Oak 

John Allen 

Charles Dunlap 

George T. Jessup 

James. L. Purdy 

John Atwell 

Felix Duval 

Josiah H. Johnson 

George F. Prichard 

Frank Andrea 

Samuel A. Davis 

Richard Kearney 

John H. Prichard 

Jules Bonnaire 

Gustav Druckhamer 

Thomas Kearnev 

James B. Quinn 

Edward Brown 

Edward D Erlon 

Wm. H. Klaugberg 

James Robinson 

James E. Barker 

Joseph Dormingo 

George Kelly 

John Rose 

Charles H. Bradford 

Henry Dykeman 

William Leggett 

John Rielly 

Thomas Burns 

Alphonse Depasquire 

David Lewis 

Julien Rave 

John Brady 

Henry Edwards 

Joseph O LeClaire 

Spicer J. Rudderow 

Peter S. Beaucamp 

Jacques Francois 

Abner T. Lathe 

Joseph Raymond 

George Brown 

James Fletcher 

Jacques Lacv 

Chas S. Sawyer 

Camile Boarneas 

Isaac F. Fox 

William H. Lockheart 

Peter Robertson 

William Brazinell 

Victor M. Gabrielle 

Alexander McGahv 

David R. Spence 

Baslie Braisiliam 

Daniel Gildersleeve 

Thomas McCafferty 

Wm. M. Stevens 

John Baptiste 

Jacob Gardiner 

George T. McKenney 

Adolphus Seifert 

Frank Brown 

Joseph Geffroy 

James McLaughlin 

Tohn E. Sanders 

Chas. Carl or Carroll 

Eugene Gallard 

Louis Matthonex 

George W. Smith 

Theodore A. Caleis 

George A. Hussey 

James A. Mills 

Thomas Smith 

Peter Cartier 

Jacob Huber 

John H. Mills 

Lewis B. Terhune 

James E. Craft 
Charles Grossman 

Joseph B. Henley 
Francis A. Heald 

George A. Metzel 
Henry Marcel 

Thomas S. Timpson 
Jesse Thomas 

James Connolly 

Chas. B. Hall 

Wm. Murray 

Elias H. Tucker 

Jean M. Carlevezo 

Wm. H. Harris 

Thomas Murray 

Angello Terzette 

Eugene De Flandre 

Wm. Hinton 

Christian Nichols 

Charles Vraboss 

Antoine De Large 

Henry R. Hobby 

Theodore Newell 

Eugene Velue 

Wm. H. Dezendorf 

Edward A. Henry 

Henry Norman 

Paul Vialet 

James L. Denton 

Charles Hoffman 

Joseph O Donnell 

John Walsh 

August Derveaux 

Wm. H. Hobby 

Matthew O Ryan 

Jacob A. Waterhouse 

Peter Yearley 

Alfred Annon 

Colored Cooks 


Adam Jones 


Captain, John P. Morris Captain, H. W. Hicks, Jr. 

ist Lieutenant 

William J. Walker 

ist Lieutenant 

William H. Vance 

2d Lieutenant 

Matthias Johnston 

2d Lieutenant 

De Forest H. Thomae 

ist Sergeants 

Matthias Johnston and Theodore J. Hatfield 

William Wood 
Lewis Raite 
Color, John Engel 
John J. McGinniss 

Joseph Sutliff 
James Wiley 
Bernard McGowan 
Edward Rigney 
Robert Z. Bennett 


George E. Cogswell 
Samuel Wenman 
Elbert O. Steves 
William R. Finch 
Thos. G. Hendry 


Maurice Cahill 
Patrick H. Matthews 
Charles Lewin 
James Watson 
Elisha E. Dennison 

Frank B. Davis 
Hugh Graham 
William H. Lowrie 
William Hayes 

John Leonard 
Jas. K. P. Edwards 
Oscar C. Tackson 
William Ratigan 

Samuel A. Lawrence 
William Lunday 
Herman Burraugh 


James Campbell 
Jesse Brown 
Walter Barker 

Edward Manahan 
William Staats 


William H. Ames 
James Armstrong 
Richard Allen 

Charles Dickson John King 
William Ewing Edward J. Kenney 
Samuel Elkins George W. Lawson 

William Rooney 
Joseph Reilly 
Robert A. Ridley, Jr. 

Wm. H. Andrews 

John Farrell John Lawson 

Wm. S. Roberts 

Samuel J. Bradley 

Frederick Farmer Elden Lee 

Andrew Reid 

James Burns 

Jacob Gottlieb Patrick Manny 

Hollis M. Richards 

Joseph Bell 

Hanson C. Gibson Wallace McBride 

James Robinson 

Abraham R. Boeruem 

William Houseworth John McClain 

Wm. G. Sanger or 

John Beck 

Charles Heim Joseph Miller 

Chas. A. Holburt 

Richard Brown 

Henry Hamilton James McMannus 

Alex. Schamberger 

James Banks 

Andrew Hoffman Samuel B. Metier 

George Steaph 

William Burrard 

Charles G. Hughes James Marsh 

George M. Scalley 

Richard H. Berrian 

William H. Hughes Theodore L. Mitchell 

Henrv Schielder 

George Brewer 

William Hewes or Michel 

Dennis Sullivan 

Charles Bowne 

John Hilfety Thomas Murphy 

Tohn G. Shirley 

Charles Barron 

John Hickey Barnard McCready 

William Smith 

James J. Conklin 

John Harris John Mason 

William Toomey 

Samuel W. Corell 

Richard Hamilton William Oxworth 

Richard Tyrell 

Charles Colson 

James Hamilton Bernard O Donnell 

Charles Uhl 

William Cahill 

Nicholas Howard Michael O Connor 

John A. Voorhees 

George W. Carter 

5)hn Irsch William Payne 

Peter Wagner 

John Carty 

enry Judd Mark Phmkett 

Augustus F. Weeks 

John Commerford 

Morris Jacobs Dwight Person 

Patrick Welsh 

Peter S. Devoe 

Mark Kavanagh Alfred Pero 

Charles Wilson 

James Donovan 
John Dennis 

John F. Kellegan John B. Roche 
John H. Kenney Horace Rappelyea 

Thomas Williams 
John Wilson 

Patrick Dwver or 

Keron Kegan David S. Rickhow 

John Wilson 


Richard King Nathan Rickhow 

Henry Wilson 

Wm. Dougherty 

Frederick Kreb Jacob Roeser 

John Davine 

William King Gillis Roggerman 

Colored Cooks 

Joseph Washington John Washington 

Tohn McCay 



Captain, Major, and Brevet Lieut. -Colonel 

William W. Step hen son 

2d and ist Lieutenant ist Lieutenant 

Gustavus F. Linguist, Brevet Captain E. Hampton Mulford 

2d Lieutenant 

William T. Sinclair 

Robert H. Thompson 
Samuel S. Sweet 

Sebastin B. Brennan 
Lauritz M. Lange 
Frederick R. Warner 

Halsey D. Williamson 
Frederick Maes 
Christopher O Brien 
Color, Peter Biegel 
James McMekin 
John Thiel 
Samuel Reid 

John Wasser 
George B. Atlakson 

ist Sergeants 

James R. Glover 
Henry W. Halsey 


John Newert 
Christopher B. Moore 
Lewis E. Hammond 


Color, John J. Champaign 
Color, Daniel Dickinson 
Luther N. Tuthill 
John T. Warner 
James H. Markey 
James J. Allen 


David R. Lester 
Michael Klein 


William Alexander 

Seymour Everitt 

Samuel B. Jennings 

Theodore Almy 

Thomas Egan 

George Jackson 

Thomas Avery 

John Faulkner 

Herman Koehler 

George H. Allyn 

John Fisher 

Martin King 

John Berry 

Patrick Fehy 

Patrick Kerrigan 

Charles Brown 

Patrick Flanagan 

James Kelly 

Patrick E. Bovle 

John T. Forest 

Philip Konaton 

William G. Bell 

John Fleming 

Frank Kochendoefer 

Francis Bland 

James Garland 

Christopher Keagan 

John Burns 

Austin B. Goldsmith 

Michael Lyhem 

Michael Bauer 

Peter GafTga 

John Laughtman 

Herman Behlmer 

Frank S. Graham 

Cornelius Lucy 

Thomas P. Buckley 

George Gatz 

Henry Leonard 

Thomas Bowker 

James Gardiner 

Michael Myers 

Philip Brown 

Thomas Gill 


Bernard F. Markey 

Henry Brennan 

Michael Burke 

Edward Berry 

Patrick Carrigan 

John Cassidy 

John Curtis 

John Coyle 

Ezra Clark 

John Coffee 

Frederick Chanson 

Alfred Carlin 

Joseph T. Cahill 

Samuel Dare 

John W. Dusenberryjohn G. Hartt 

Michael Dowd Thomas Howard 

Louis Dubois Ambrose Hohm 

John Donahue Michael Innis 

Henry Haynes 
Peter Harted 
Richard Hobby 
Philip A. Holmes 
George Hohl 
John Hannan 
Daniel E. Hammond 
William F. Hammond 
Bernard Hysler 
Gustav Hartman 
Antone Houser 
John Hinchouse 
John Harrison 

George H. Cham plain 

T. Augustus Parsons 
George W. Bogert 

Frederick Norman 
George W. Lendeveg 
Sebastian L. Helfrich 
Joseph L. Mitchell or 


John Geering 
Theo. A. Joseph 

Alonzo Philbin 
George Tucker 

Conrad Olmstead 
Henry D. Pattison 
Herman Peters 
William H. Rosevelt 
Hugh A. Richardson 
Joseph W. Richardson 
Nathan R. Raynor 
George W. Rumbles 
James Rigney 
Dennis Roach 
Henry W. Rowdon 
Robert Roller 
Jacob Sahe 
"William H. Sawyer 
Joseph Schase 

Francis L. Manchester Alexander B. Scott 
Christopher Madden Geo. H. Smith 
William Minser 
David K. Miller 
Henrv B. Mackey 
Frank or Francis 

William Mackey 
Thomas McBride 
George McCalvin 
Thomas Mara 
John Miller 
Edward Nolan 

Thomas Tooman 
Leander Terry 
Daniel Y. Tuthill 
Henry Thoman 
Charles B. Taylor 
A. Thompson 
William Vanderdoes 
Jacob Wetzell 

James R. Nichols 
Herman Near 
Dennis O Connor 
Charles O Donahue 

iam White 
Charles Wilson 
John Williams 
James Williams 
Thomas Williams 
William White 
Joseph C. Young 
John Yack 

Colored Cooks 

Alexander Brodv 

Osborn Robinson 


Captain, Lieut.-Colonel, and Brevet Colonel 

William R. French 

2d and ist Lieutenants 

Walter T. Hall and Edward G. Hoffman 

ist Lieutenant 

Charles R. Carville 

2d Lieutenant 

Frank H. Roshore 


ist Sergeants 

William H. Uckele, Frank H. Nichols or McNichol 


Andrew Napier 
Rufus C. Kemp 
Robert Welch, Jr 
John Ackennan 
Joseph W. Hayden 

David M. Freligh 
Grafton Fenno 
John P. Van Pelt 

John Schrarnm 
William Hatfield 
Joseph Reilly 
John Maxwell 


Color, Hiram Renoude Charles R. Gordon 
oseph Hurt Christopher C. Flick 

acob Weitner John Butcher 

ichael Carmody 

illiam Orr 

David Brown Color, Theo. d Escham- 

Daniel Danforth bault 

Wm. H. Hallenbeck Color, Chas. F. Scheible 
Color, Nels Rosen- John Stacey 


Richard Thum John Scannell Paul Reilly Charles White John Davis 


Robert Allen 

James Casey John J. Joyce 

William Schramm 

George Atlakson 

Daniel Cook William H. Jackson 

Charles Shaw 

Thomas Austin 
Chas. Ackerman 

James Dolan Robt. J. Kennedy 
Wm. M. Dickey Thomas Kilfoil 

John Smith 
Guillaume Schwartz 

Albert Arkless 

John Donahue Thomas Leddy 

Patrick Sage 

Geo. J. Baker 

Frank Dorse Michael L. Luther 

William Sinclair 

Henry Bloch 

D. Earl Jules Lombard 

Chas. F. Schroeder 

John Borst 
David G. Boyle 

John Ferguson Francis Lange 
Richard Foley Daniel Lundy 

Alphonse Sanoage 
Wm H. Smith 

Nelson J. Bradley 

Thomas Flanagan J. E. Ljunggren 

Charles Schultz or 

Daniel H. Brannan 

Gilbert Fanning Michael Madden 


Wm. P. Brown 
John Burke 

Wm. Farnesworth Charles Methial 
Oscar Farrell Peter Mulligan 

Alphonse Schamber- 

John H. Bumgard 

Albert Faux Thos. McEntee 

Thomas Scott 

William Best 
R. R. Browner 
William Baker 
Frank Baker 

James Flateman James McMahon 
Richard Gare Henrv R. Miller 
6)hn Gallagher Paul Morrell 
enry Goss Jas. McLaughlin 

John Simpson 
Albert J. Thompson 
Robert C. Tucker 
Alfred Taylor 

Jean Baptiste 

Henry Glover William Martin 

Jas. R. Van Hoesen 

T. Black 

James Gannon G. R. Mattice 

Michael Wingley 

Nicholas Boulon 

James A. Gordon William McCool 

George B. Wilcox 

Harvey Bover 

.. ohn J. Hewes John Nelson 

Frederick Wood 

James Brodie 
John B tickle v 
John Gallery 

George Hutty Henrv Nelson 
George C. P. Herring John O Brien 
Frank Hilton W H. Pollock 

Horatio Westerfield 
William Walker 
David Watson 

Duncan Cameron 
James F. Campbell 

James Henry Wm. E. Phillips 
Charier, Hoffman Adam Platt 

George W. Woods 
Henry Warner 

Stephen Coppinger 

Wm. G. Haliker Jean Powers 

Charles White 

Patrick Cummings 

James H. Hall Alexander Perkins 

W. T. Walsh 

Wm. H. Crooks 

Patrick Hughes Frederick Rader 

Robert Whitaker 

C. G. Collins 

Augustus Johnston William Raite 

Christopher Welsh 

Colored Cooks 

Adam Johnson 

George Thompson 

Joseph Jefferson 



ist Lieutenant and Captain, Henry C. Inwood 

ist Lieutenant 

John P. Morris 
Abraham G. Mills 

ist and 2d Lieutenant 

Edward Bayard Webster 

2d Lieutenants 

Robert D. Gulick 

ist Sergeants 

Andrew White, Robert D. Gulick and Frank H. Roshore 


Abraham G. Mills 
Thomas Mackey 
C. Ward Varian 

George W. Woolley 
John Feighery 
James J. Lawley 
David Ryan 

Color. Henry N. Brown 
Alex. S. Fos dick 
John L. Burke 

Color, John B. Dubois 
Thomas S. Breast 


William Vero 
John Me Adams 
George W. Tower 

Joseph Fishbourne 
Henry R. Loomis 
Color, Frank Graham 


Edward Tyman Charles Lockerby Benjamin B. Halleck 


John W. Loveioy 
Valentine Lewis 

Andrew Jackson 
Stephen H. Gillen 
Charles Madderan 

Joseph Doyle 

Charles Ahleith 

John J. Delanev 

Thomas Jones 

Burchard Seekamp 

Wm. M. Baldwin 

Patrick Delaney 

Andrew Jackson 

William Singer 

Charles Burns 
Francis Bansett 

Joseph Dennis 
Henry Dubois 

James Johnson 
William Jones 

Anthony Smith 
Henry Smith 

John Brennan 

James Edgar 

Alfred T. Karlin 

John Smith 

Patrick Burns 

William Edwards 

Albert Kennedy 

Franklin Sprague 

Geo. W. Berrian 

Edwin M. Earl 

Wm. H. B. Kitson 

Joseph R. Steed 

John Berrian 

Solomon Frankland 

Albert Lawrence 

John H. Storms 

Patrick Barker 

Robert Gallott 

James Lenhart 

James Sullivan 

James Bona 

Henry Gibsen 

John Marriott 

Wm. E. Simpkins 

Thomas Belcher 

James Green 

Joseph Martin 

Edwin A. Shaw 

Chas. T. Bryant 

Theodore Griffith 

Alfred Moore 

James Stephens 

James O. Barker 

Francis Grey 

James McGowan 

Chas. G. Seiberg 

Adam Bachus 

Samuel Gelston 

Benjamin J. Manus 

Philip Schenck 

John J. Bennett 
Charles Boulware 

John Gesner 
Thomas Gallagher 

John T. Murphy 
John McDonald 

Elias Shansel 
James Short 

John E. Collin, or 

John Grant 

Robert Moore 

Henry Sharp 


Edward Gillott 

John McLaughlin 

Robert H. Tower 

William Clamp 

James Henderson 

John Monaghan 

Paul Viler 

Daniel S. Cox 

Henry L. Hulse 

Thomas Monaghan 

Thomas Vaughn 

John Cunningham 

George Habacker 

John Murphy 

Joseph Vedder 

John Crumet, 
or Crunit 
Charles Cane 
Victor Collins 

John Hill 
James Hargrave 
James Hoctor 
Timothy Horrigan 

Tames Nolan 
ioseph O Brien 
ohn A. D. Plotts 
Villiam B. Price 

John Wilson 
John Wolfram 
Stephen Wilkins 
Henrv C. Webb 

James Cunningham 

Cornelius Howard 

William Pearce 

Charles Wheeler 

John F. Capen 

Philip Hertzinger 

Orrin T. Prant 

Ivert Wagner 

Henrv J. Carlton 

James Jones 

Patrick Quinn 

George Zanner 

Daniel S. Carroll 

Samuel J. Jones 

John Rague 

Colored Cooks 

William Drill Joseph Mackey 

6 1 


Captain, Edward G. Hoffman 

Captain, Gould H. Thorpe 

ist Lieutenants and Captain 

Thomas G. Tracy De Forest H. Thomae James B. Vose 

2d Lieutenants 

William H. Lowrie William J. Walker 

Color, Storm Reev< 

ist Sergeants 

John H. Mercer 

Augustus F. Phillips 


John Marshall 
Hugh Leddy 
Thomas Moody 
Wm. H. Uckele 

Color, David S. Col 

Bernard Golden 
John O Brien 

Color, Martin Fla 

William Mortimer 
Wm. B. Porter 

Mancelia F. Rail 
James Reiley 
George A. Burtis 
Charles Mehaffey 


Joseph Hughes 
Stephen Weaver 
Frank Dunne 
Frederick Sandoz 

Geo W. Kearstead 
Thomas Gallagher 
John Owens 
Richard Reeves 

John Allen 
Emil Burkhardt 

Jas. E. Burchen 
William Ash 
Louis De Condres 
John Tierney 
James H. Everett 


Michael C Brennan 

Dennis Larkin 


Joseph Alvorne 
William Anderson 

Allen F. Foose 
Edward Farron 

Chas. R. Lincoln, Jr 
Terence Lasack 

Daniel Shea 
Louis Schmidt 

Frederick Andrews 

James Ford 

John Miller 

John Smith 

Theodore Birdsall 

Joseph Fritz 

John F. Miller 

Wm. F. Satterly 

James Bannan 
George Burns, or 

Henry Gallagher 
Richard Glidon 

Alexander Merritt 
James McCarty 

Joseph A. Sullivan 
George W. Shepherd 


Butler R Griffith 

James McCarthy, 

J. Scully 

Chas. Blake, or Her- 

Guesseppe Guerdotte 

or Jas. J. O Hea 

John Smiley 


William Green 

John A. Murray 

William Smith, or 

James Burk 

John Guthrie 

Edward McGrath 

Chris. Mallison 

Charles Brown 

William Gerrott 

Wm. H. McDonough 

Eris K. E. Shamanis 

Richard Brown 

Alonzo Garretson 

John McMelty 

Wm. H. Snedecor 

William Brierly 

Charles L. Hughes 

Charles Morse 

James Stewart 

James Coffey 
Michael Callahan 

John Hock 
John Hillen 

John McGuire 
James McGuire 

Robert Saul 
Henry Smith 

Silas Cronk 

Washington Hall 

Richard McLoud 

Lvman Sackett 

Henry Clark 

James Henry 

James Mellaney 

Robert Shields 

Charles Calvert 

Dennis Hoy 

James McEnroy 

Daniel Sullivan 

Patrick Callahan 

John Henckle 

Patrick Muldowney 

Charles Ship 

Wm. C. Coffin 

James Henderson 

Wm. H. Newlan 

John Smith 

John Carr, or Cam 
Thomas Connelly 
Lewis Dunham 

William Jones 
Geo. F. Jackson 
Robert Jones 

John Noonam 
John O Leary 
Timothy O.Leary 

George Thomas 
James Todd 
Lewis Ulrich 

Maurice Daly 

James Kerrigan 

Jeremiah O Leary 

Juanes Vives 

John Donelly 

Martin F. Kelley 

Isadore Phillips 

Peter Stamp 

Frank Diehl, or Di- 

William Krohl 

James E. Parkes 

Samuel Wyckoff 


John Kaufman 

Charles Quinn 

Joseph Wallace 

Martin Darling 

Thomas Lockwood 

James Quinn 

William White 

John Doyle 

Edward Lohman 

Robert Rieley 

Charles White 

William Dixon 

John Leslie 

Frank Richardson 

William Wilson 

William Ellis 

Samuel Lyons 

William Riley 

William Waters 

William Echorne 

John Lynch 

John Ryan 

John Williams 

Thomas Elliott 

William Lowring 

William Stephens 

John Williams 

Colored Cooks 

James B. McClellan 

Harvey Grant 

I 862 J865 






165th Reg t, N. Y. Yds. 

2d Battalion Duryee Zouaves* 

North Pass and^Ponchatoula, La., March 24, 1863. 

Plains Store, La., May 21, 1863. 
Siege of Port Hudson, La., May, June, July, 1863. 
Assault on Port Hudson, May 27, 1863. 
Assault on Port Hudson, June 14, 1863. 
Night Assaults with Hand-grenades, June 29, 30, 1863. 

Surrender of Port : Hudson, July 8, 1863. 
Expedition Sabine Pass,"Gulf of Mexico, Sept. 8, 1863. 
Vermillion Bayou, La., Oct. 9, 1863. 
Carrion Crow Bayou, La., Oct. 15, 1863. 
Carrion Crow Bayou, La., Nov. 3, 4, 1863. 

Vermillion, La., Nov. TI. 1863. 

Running Pontoon Train, Red River Expedition, March 19 to 27, 1864. 
Battle Sabine Cross Roads, Mansfield, Pleasant Grove, April 8, 1864. 

Battle of Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, 1864. 
Battle of Monetis Bluff, Crane River, La., April 23, 1864. 

Battle of Mansura, La., May 16, 1864. 

Battle of Deep Bottom, Virginia, July 27, 1864. 

Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Oct. 19, 1864. 

Fight with Mosby s Guerrillas, Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, Oct. 25, 1864, 

while guarding Paymaster s wagons. 

Running Supply Trains during Shenandoah Campaign under Gen. Philip 
Sheridan, 1864. until made Provost Guard at Winchester, 1864-1865. 


(By Sergeant Robert Welch, Company D, Brooklyn, New York.) 


Killed and Died of 

Died of Disease, 
Accident, in Prison. 















T 53 

J 57 

Field and staff 






T T 





1 1 



I6 * 

2 5 



2 5 



Non-com staff 

Company A 










7 1 




Casualties during service. 



Field and 




Officers of 



















Ponchatoula and North Pass, La. 
Port Hudson, La 
Vermillion Bayou, La 
Sabine Cross Roads, La 












! : 


Pleasant Hill, La 







Franklin La 

Crane River La 


Deep Bottom Va 


Shenandoah Valley, Va 

Totals. . 











, v 



TABLE II Continued. 



. c. 

























Ponchatoula and North 
Pass, La 
Port Hudson, La 
Vermillion Bayou La . 


I 3 




1 4 







Sabine Cross Roads, La. . 
Pleasant Hill La 










FrankKn, La 


Crane River 


Deep Bottom, Va 
Shenandoah Valley Va 




T *~ 




r | 

I r^ 

T T 


T T 

I ! 


"K," Killed or mortally wounded. "W," Wounded. "P," Prisoners. "M," Missing. 



- M | Field and Staff. 

Non-com. Staff. 

















Killed or died from wounds 







Died of disease 





2 I 


Resigned on account of wounds 

Dismissed . 

Killed or died from wounds 























Died in prison 











r 7 











Died during service 
Discharged for disability 


















Discharged by G. O. W. D 

Discharged by civil authority. . . 
Discharged from wounds 

Discharged return prisoners 
Discharged to accept commission 
Transferred from regiment 
Promotion to officers 






Field and staff 

Non-commissioned staff. 

i o 
i o 







Company A 




I 1 


T r 





T 57 


- 1 J 
I 3 

1 *5 

F. .. 


1 4 





1 z ^ 


1V -M 



7 1 

9 1 





First pay-roll Dec. 31, 1862; 24 officers and 537 enlisted men. ... 561 
Addition by enlistment, etc., of recruits 409 

Total. . 


Total number mustered out Sept. i, 1865 375 

Number of men mustered out Sept. i , 1 86^, that went out with regi 
ment in 1862 

Field and non-commissioned staff. . 7 







Company A 










I 7 


D.. . 




2 3 















3 1 


I 4 T 




Camp Parapet, La. 

Corp. David Brown, Co. D Killed by minnie ball, Feb. 21, 1863, buried in National Ceme 
tery, New Orleans, No. 8892. 

Corp. Andrew Jackson, Co. E Killed by shell, March 31, 1863. 
Private John Hoctor, Co. E Killed while on picket duty, March 28, 1863. 

Ponchatoula, La., March 24, 1863 


Private John Brady Wounded in shoulder, minnie ball. 

James Reilly Wounded in shoulder, minnie ball. 
Elias H. Tucker Wounded in shoulder, minnie ball. 

Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863 


Lieutenant C. R. Carville, Co. D. Private Adolphus Seifert, Co. A. 

Corp. Color Bearer Daniel Dickenson, Private Frank McGuirk, Co. C. 

Co. C. Private George Gatz, Co. C. 

Color Corp. John J. Champaign, Co. C. Private Patrick Cummings, Co. D. 

Corp. Color Bearer Nels. Rosensteiner, Private William H. Crooks, Co. D. 

Co. D. Pnvate William E. Phillips, Co. D. 

Corp. Color Guard Theodore D Escham- Private Joseph Reilly, Co. B. 

bault, Co. D. Private Thomas Monaghan, Co. E. 

Color Corp. Frank Graham, Co. E. Private John Monaghan. Co. E. 


Lieut. -Col. Abel Smith, Jr. Breast, severely, died from wound, June 23, 1863. 

Major-Gov. Carr Right leg, flesh wound. 

Lieut. N. S. Putnam Vol. Aide, Rifle ball, left shoulder and upper third of left forearm. 

Capt. H. C. Inwood, Co. E Flesh wound, right knee. 

Capt. Gould H. Thorpe, Co. F Flesh wound, right breast. 

Lieut. W. H. Vance, Co. B Contusion of left breast by shell. 



Sergt. John W. Dickens Scalp, slight. 

Sergt. Wm. T. Sinclair Slight. 

Private W. J. Wheat Right breast contusion. 

Chas. Carl or Carrol Right hand, flesh wound. 

Geo. F. Prichard Wounded hand and foot. 

John A. Vanderbilt Left shoulder, slight. 
John H. Valk Slight. 


ist Sergt. Matthias Johnston Gunshot wound of face. ^ 

Color Corp. Maurice Cahill Leg, arm and fractured skull died June 3 1863. 
Private Wm. Oxford Contusion of left ankle, shell. 
" Wm. Roony Spent ball, left breast. 

Wm. Ewing -Wound of back , affecting spine and passing into abdomen. 

Chas. Colson Left arm amputated. 

Theo. L. Mitchell, or Michel Round ball between gth and roth ribs. 

Wm. Hewes Compound fracture of left leg, died Jul" i, 1863. 


Sargt. S. B. Brennan Right forearm and left leg, slight contusion. 

Chris. S. Moore Right hip, grape. 
Corp. Frederick or John T. Norman Minnie ball, lumbar region, died from wound^Aug. 7 


Private Michael Dowd Contusion by shell, lumbar region. 
Frank Kozkendoffer Flesh wound, right wrist. 
Leander Terry Right hip, shell, serious. 
Edward Nolan Right breast, buckshot, extracted. 
Peter Gaffga Left shoulder, minnie ball, extracted. 
Jacob Sahe Right shoulder and right hio, shell. 
Jas. J. Allen Shell in groin. 
John Yack Contusion of left heel, shell. 
Jacob Wetzell -Ball in right ankle, extracted. Died in hospital at New Orleans 

after amputation, June 12, 1863. 
Ezra Clarke Flesh wound, right knee. 
" Richard Hobby Flesh wound, neck and shoulder. 
" William H. Rosevelt, wounded. 
" Daniel E. Hammond, wounded. 


ist Sergt, Frank Nichols Flesh wound, right knee. 

Color Corp. Charles F. Schible Compound fracture left thigh, mid. third, serious. 
Corp. William C. Hallenback. 
Private Chas. Schutt, or Schults Contusion, slight, small of back, left side. 

J. E. Ljungsfren -Fractured skull, right side, shell, died from wound?. 
Geo. Wilcox Right groin and fractured skull, died May 28, 1863. 
Private Jacob Weitner Minnie ball, left foot. 

Jos. Rilley Flesh wound, left forearm- minnie ball. 
R. C. Kemp Flesh wound, left thigh. 
Private Michael Wingler Right forefinger, grape. 
" Frederick Rader, wounded. 

1 George C. P. Herring, died from wounds received. 
" William Raito, wounded. 



Sergt. Alex. S. Fosdick Right general guide, grape shot compound fracture upper 

third of right tibia died Aug. 1863. 
Corp. N. H. Brown Scalp wound slight. 
Private Jos. Fishbornc Right forearm, shell. 

Chas. Burns Right forearm. 

Solomon Frankland Left knee, round ball, contusion. 

Charles A. Seiberg Right arm, round ball died Aug. 18, 1864. 
" Patrick E. Quinn Back right wrist shell. 

Henry Dubois Compound fracture right thigh, died June 10, i8f v . 
" Robert Gallott Flesh wound, right knee. 


Corp. Thomas Gallagher Left hip, shell. 

Jos. Hughes Left forearm ball. 

Private Edward E. Lohmann Left scalp contusion , r died from wounds June 4, 1863. 
" Alex. Merritt Left heel, grape. 

Wm. Stephens Flesh wound, left thigh, mid. third, died from wounds June 

22 1863. 

Samuel Lyons Amputated right arm above elbow. 
John A. Murray Flesh, right shoulder. 
Dennis Shea Left foot. 
" John Hock Left side of head, shell. 
" George Burns, or Barnes. 


Corr. Patrick H. Matthews, Co. B Badly wounded, taken prisoner. 

Sargt. J. K. P. Edwards, Co. B In leg, died in Baton Rouge, July 28 1863 buried in 
National Cemetery, Baton Rouge La., grave No. 183, wounded and taken 

Con?. Jas. Wiley, Co. B Hip, wounded and taken prisoner. 
Private Henry Hamilton, Co. B Wounded in hip. 
" A. Hoffman, Co. B Leg. 

1 William Schramm, Co. D Wounded in hand and taken prisoner. 
C. G. Collins, Co. D Wounded in hip and taken prisoner. 
William McCool Co. D -Wounded in thigh and taken prisoner. 
Augustus Johnson, Co. D Wounded in back and taken prisoner. 
" J. D. Plotts Co. E Prisoner. 
Sergt. E. O. Steves, Co. B Taken prisoner. 

Private Daniel Y. Tuthill, Co. C Taken prisoner, and two years in prison at Belle Island. 
Sergt. Chas. Mehaffey Co. F Wounded May 30. 

Port Hudson, June 12, 1863 

Private John Brennan Killed. 

June 14, 1863 


Private David R Spense Wounded in the left leg. 


Private Robert J. Kennedy Wounded in the leg. 


Private Theodore Griffith Wounded in the leg, June 14, 1863. 
Francis Bansott Killed June 16, 1863. 


Orderly Sergt. John H. Mercer Wounded in right hip and abdomen. 
Lieut. Wm. J. Walker Wounded. 
Corp. John Owens Right hip, shell. 
Private Timothy O Leary Wounded. 

Wm. H. McDonough Wounded. 
" Dennis Shea Wounded June 14, 1863. 

June 28, 1863 

Drummsr Samuel A. Lawrence, Co. B Wounded in rifle pits, died June 28, 1863, buried 
in National Cemetery, Port Hudson, La., grave No. 2976. 

June 29 and 30, 1863 

Night assaults with hand-grenades on the water batteries and citadel on the extreme 
left of our line at Port Hudson. Captain Chas. A. Walker, Co. A, had command of the 
three right companies, and Lieutenant John P. Morris, of Co. E, the three left companies. 
The detail from each company being under the command of a non-commissioned officer 
of that company, the detail from Co. E being under the command of 2d Sergeant A. G. 
Mills, now the president of our Veteran Association. 

Ssrgt. Joseph Djnally, Co. A Wounded in the leg June 30. 
Private James A. Mills, Co. A Wounded June 3. 

Thomas Tooman, Co. C. Killed June 29. 

ist Sergt. Andrew White, Co. E Wounded in the breast and left arm June 29. 
Private John Berrian, Co. E Killed June 30. 

William H. Snedecor, Co. F Wounded in the head June 30. 

Jacob Hube.r, Co. A Taken prisoner Aug. 3, 1863. 

Lieut. DeForest H. Thomae, Co. B Resigned Aug. 21, 18.64, account of wounds. 
Private Thomas Mara, Co. C Prisoner, Cahauba, Ala., July i, 1864, died Nov. i, 1864 

Lewis Ulrich, Co. F Taken prisoner, Sept. 27, 1863, at Franklin, La. 
Sergt. T. Augustus Parsons, Co. C. Taken prisoner Aug. i, 1863. 

Plotts, Hamilton and Steves escaped from prison by digging, swimming, etc., July 
3, 1863, and Plotts was killed afterwards by the last shot fired by the Rebels, July 6, while 
on outpost duty before the surrender of Port Hudson, La., July 8, 1863. 

Those under the head of wounded and missing were furnished by flag of truce by the 
medical director of the enemy s forces to the medical director of the Department of the 

The regiment made this famous charge May 27, 1863, with only 350 active men for 
duty that day, at a loss of thirty per cent. 













0) . 




I p 




e rf 




I H 

M * 



, 3 






w ^ 





Battle of Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 1864 
Mansfield Pleasant Grove 

Lieut. -Col. Governeur Carr Wounded in the wrist. 


Private James A. Mills Wounded. 

All taken prisoners on April 9, on the out picket post. 


Sergt. Elbert O. Steves Badly wounded, left arm. 

Corpl. Patrick H. Mathews Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Marshall, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas, died Nov. 3, 1864, at Tyler, Texas. 

Private Henry Judd Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Peter Wagner Wounded. 
" John Wilson Deserted to the enemy April 8, 1864, Sabine 

Cross Roads. 

" William H. Hughes Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 
Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 


Corpl. Peter Biegel Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, Camp 

Gross, Texas. 
" John Geering Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, Camp 

Gross, Texas. 
Christopher O Brien Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Joseph L. Mitchell or Michel Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
Sergt. George W. Bogart Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Private John Burns Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, Camp 

Gross, Texas. 
Thomas B. Buckley Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
John Cassidy Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died May 2, 1864, Camp Ford. 
Joseph T. Cahill Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died June n, 1864, Camp Ford. 
John Donahue Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. Died, no date. 
Thomas Bowker Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Sept. 16, 1864, Camp Ford. 
Samuel Dare Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, Camp 

Gross, Texas. 
Thomas Eagan Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
John Coffee Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, Camp 

Gross. Texas. 

Austin B. Goldsmith Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 
Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 

COMPANY C Continued. 

Private John Hinchouse Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
" Cornelius Lucy Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Christopher Madden Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
" David K. Miller Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

James McMekin Badly wounded in the arm. 
Henry B. Mackey Wounded. 
" Dennis O Connor Badly wounded in the arm. Taken prisoner 

to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, Camp Grss, Texas. 
" Herman Peters Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas, and shot Sept. 1864, for desertion from 
the Rebel Army. 
William H. Rosevelt Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
George W. Rumbles Wounded. 
" Nathan R. Raynor Wounded, taken prisoner to Camp Ford, 

Tyler, Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
Henry M. Rowdon Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Sept. 25, 1864, Camp Ford. 
" William H. Sawyer Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Alexander B. Scott Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died May 12, 1864, Camp Ford. 
Chas. Wilson Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
George H. Smith Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

John Williams Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas. 


Musician John Davis Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

Private William Schramm Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas. 


ist Sergt. Andrew White Wounded. 

Sergt. John L. Burke Badly wounded in right arm. 

Private Charles Burns Killed in action. 

Timothy Horrigan Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
" Albert Lawrence Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Thomas Vaughn Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

* Patrick Burns Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas. 


Corpl. Joseph Hughes Wounded left hand. 
Private John Guthrie Missing in action. 


Battle of Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, 1864 


Lieut. Andrew A. Napier Wounded in leg. 

Sergt. James Rielly Wounded. Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

George E. Armstrong Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas, died Oct. 15, 1864, in prison. 
Albert N. White Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Corpl. John H. Valk Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Oct. 31, 1864, in prison. 
Edward Vass Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Oct. 31, 1864, in prison. 
" Chas. H. Spencer Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Nov. i, 1864, in prison. 
Private William Brazinell Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Oct. 16, 1864, in prison. 
Gustav Druckhamer Taken prisoner. 
Victor M. Gabrielle Wounded, left hand and arm. 

Joseph B. Henley Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas, died Nov. 24, 1864, at Camp Hempstead. 
" George A. Metzel Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
John H. Mills Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Christian Nichols Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
" Charles S. Sawyer Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Samuel A. Davis Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
David R. Spence Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

Joseph O. Leclaire Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas. 


Corpl. Patrick H. Matthews Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died Nov. 3, 1864, Camp Ford. 
Sergt. Hugh Graham Wounded. 
Private Bernard O Donnell Wounded. 
William King Wounded. 
Frederick Farmer Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died June, n, 1864, in prison. 
Richard King Died from wounds at New Orleans, May 20, 1864. 
Chas. G. Hughes Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
James Donevan Killed in action. 

Alexander Schamberger Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 
Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 


Battle of Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, 1864 


Private John Donahue Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died May 13, 1864, at Camp Ford. 
Chas. F. Schroeder Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas, died May 13, 1864, at Camp Ford. 
James Dolan Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
William McCool Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
John O Brien Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Guillaume Schwartz Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
Richard Foley Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Alphonse Schamberger Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 


Private George W. Berrian Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
John Crumert, or Crunit Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, 

Texas, Camp Gross, Texas. 
Francis Gray Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Robert Moore Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
William Pearce Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Corpl. Henry R. Loomis Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

Private Charles Wheeler Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 
Camp Gross, Texas. 


Capt. De Forest H. Thomae Wounded in left ankle. 

Private Thomas Connolly Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
James Henry Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
James Stewart Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 
Frank Richardson Missing in action. 
Patrick Callahan Taken prisoner to Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, 

Camp Gross, Texas. 

Cane River, La., April 23, 1864 

Color Sergt. John Engel, Co. B Wounded. 


Battle of Deep Bottom, Virginia, July 27, 1864 


Abraham R. Boereum Wounded in the leg. 

Private Wm. Cahill Wounded. 

Colored Cook, Harvey Grant, Co. F Loss of leg. 

Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Oct. 19, 1864 

Private Alexander Merritt, Co. F Taken prisoner to Libby and Ander 
son ville, Va. 
Sergt. Thomas Moody, Co. F Taken prisoner at Winchester, Va., 

Sept. 10, 1864, to Libby and Andersonville, Va. 

Drummer John Scannell, Co. D Taken prisoner, Shenandoah Valley, 

By COL. WILLIAM F. Fox, Albany, N. Y. 

1 6sth New York Second Duryee Zouaves 

Dwight s Division Nineteenth Corps 
2 officers, 44 enlisted men; total 46 killed or mortally wounded. 


8 1 died of disease, accidents, etc. 






North Pass La 


Ponchatoula La 




Port Hudson La 

I 7 




Vermilion Bavou La 





Sabine Cross Roads La 




Pleasant Hill La 


I 7 



Cane River Crossing La 





Deep Bottom, Va 





I 2O 



Of the wounded, 13 died of their wounds. There are three more 
who are supposed to have died of their wounds, but the records are 
not positive. This would make 46 killed or mortally wounded in action. 
Of the 8 1 who died of disease or other causes, 18 died in Confederate 
prisons, or in the hands of the enemy. 



Field and Staff 

Lieut. -Colonel Abel Smith, Jr., wounded in the breast at the battle of 

Port Hudson May 27, 1863, died from his wounds June 23, 1863; 

buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Lot 2, Ivy Path. 
Major and Lieut. -Colonel Governeur Carr, died Sept. 23, 1889, New 

York City; buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Forest Dell Path. 
Adj. Nathan S. Putnam, died Jan. 28, 1886. 
Surgeon and Lieut. -Colonel James F. Ferguson, died Jan. 6, 1904, at 

"Falkirk," Central Valley, Orange County, N. Y. 
Surgeon Dr. Geo. C. Hubbard, died Aug. 3, 1898, Tottenville, Staten 

Island; buried in Tottenville Cemetery, Staten Island, N. Y. 
Quartermaster Asher M. Ellsworth, died Aug. 14, 1863, P Qrt Hudson, La.; 

buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Lot 13653, Section 169. 
Quartermaster-Sergt. William H. B. Kitson, died in Washington, D. C., 

Dec. 25, 1899, Company E; buried in Arlington Cemetery, D. C., 

Lot 812. 

Sergt. -Major George A. Burtis, died Dec. 26, 1898; Company F. 
Com.-Sergt. George Woodruff, died Jan. 27, 1903, at Dorchester, Mass.; 

Company E. 
Drum-Major Timothy W. McKeever, died Nov. 9, 1900, New York City; 

buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Lot A, Range No. 139, Grave No. 29. 
Right General Guide, Sergt. Alex. S. Fosdick, Company E, died Aug. 

7, 1863, of wounds received in assault on Port Hudson, May 27, 1863; 

buried in Springfield Cemetery, old town of Jamaica, L. I. 
Col. Harmon D. Hull, died June 6, 1902, New York City; buried in 

Greenwood Cemetery. 


C. D. Richmond, died June 16, 1899, Brooklyn, N. Y.; member of Abel 

Smith Post, No. 435, G. A. R. 
George C. Hubbard, Jr., died May 26, 1902, and buried at Tottenville 

Cemetery. Staten Island. 


Lieut. Andrew Napier, died Dec. 17, 1889, at Del Rio, Texas; buried 

in Grace Church Cemetery, Jamaica, L. I.. N. Y. 
Sergt. Albert N. White, died Dec. 9, 1891, New York City. 
Sergt. Geo. Shaw, died Feb. i, 1876, National Military Home, Ohio; 

buried in Home Cemetery, Row 5, Section A. 
Sergt. Geo. W. Broomhead, died Dec. 3, 1896, in Brooklyn; buried in 

Greenwood Cemetery, Section 137, 9th Borden Ave. 


Sergt. James Reilly, New York City. 

Sergt. Joseph Donally, died May 10, 1905, at 388 Palisade Avenue, West 

Hoboken, New Jersey. 

Corp. William J. Wheat, died in New York City. 
Corp. Alphonse Bietry, died. 

Musician Michael Donahue, died in New York City. 

Private John Attwel, died March 5, 1873, in^Brooklyn; buried in Ever 
green Cemetery; Grave No. 659. 
Private Eugene De Flandre, killed at the^battle of Patty, Dec. 2, 1870, 

in the Franco-Prussian W r ar. 

Private Gustav Druckhamer, died May 7, 1897, in National Military 

Home, Kansas. 
Private Samuel A. Davis, died Aug. 19, 1894, in Brooklyn; buried in 

Evergreen Cemetery, Mt. Seir, No. 77. 
Private Francis A. Heald, died at the Levee|Cotton Press, April 26, 1863, 

New Orleans, La. 
Private Geo. F. Jessup, died Feb. 28, 1898, New York State Soldiers 

Home, Bath, N. Y. 

Private Thos. Kearney, died Dec. i, 1863, at New Iberia, La. 
Private Richard Kearney, died. 

Private Joseph O. LeClaire, died in New Orleans, La. 
Private Louis Matthonex, died in Shenandoah Valley, 1865. 
Private James A. Mills, died Aug. 26, 1898, State Home, Quincy, 111. 
Private William Murray, died Dec. 31, 1869, National Military Home, 
Togus, Me.; buried in Home Cemetery, No. 26, Row 2, Section i. 
Private James McLaughlin, died. 
Private Joseph O Donnell, died. 

Private George F. Prichard, died November, 1874. 
Private James B. Quinn, New York City; died Aug. 29, 1875. 
Private Lewis B. Terhune, died Nov. 23, 1901, National Military Home, 

Danville, 111. 

Private Jacob A. Waterhouse, died Sept. 26, 1889, New York City. 
Private William M. Stevens, died May 20, 1863, National Cemetery, 

Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 1276. 

Private Charles Vraboss, died at New Iberia La., Dec. 25, 1863. 
Private Thomas S. Timpson, died May 23, 1900, Buffalo, N. Y.; lying 

in the family vault at Lordville, Delaware County, N. Y. 
Private George Brown, died Aug. 26, 1864, New Orleans, Chalmitte, La., 

National Cemetery; Grave No. 3900. 

Private Charles Grossman, died Aug. 27, 1863, Baton Rouge, La. 
Private Edward A. Henry, died December 13, 1864, New York City. 
Private Joseph Raymond, died Jan. 15, 1864, New Orleans, La. 
Private Spicer J. Ruderon, died Feb. 7, 1863, Camp Parapet, La. 
Private Henry Edwards, was frozen to death in the rigging of the three- 
masted schooner Montana wrecked in the storm at Pea Island. N. C. 
Sunday Dec. n, 1904, swept away to sea. 
Private Charles H. Bradford, died Sept. 16, 1895. 


Private Thomas Burns, died. 

Private August Derveaux, died. 

Private Thomas McCafferty, died Nov. 7, 1883. 


Captain H. W. Hicks, Jr., died Aug. 19, 1863, Clifton, Staten Island; 
buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Lot 11819, Section 75. 

Captain John P. Morris, died June 18, 1868; buried in St. Ann s Ceme 
tery, i4oth St. and St. Ann s Ave., New York City. 

Lieut. William J. Walker, died in 1887. 

Sergt. George E. Cogswell, died in Levee Cotton Press, New Orleans, 
April 21, 1863; buried in the Cemetery attached to Grace Church, 
Jamaica, in family plot. 

Sergt. S. Wenman, died 1890. 

Sergt. John J. McGuiness, died. 

Sergt. Frank B. Davis, died March i, 1900, at Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Sergt. J. K. P. Edwards, died July 28, 1863, National Cemetery, Baton 
Rouge, La.; Grave No. 183. (Died from the effects of wounds 
received at Port Hudson, May 27, 1863.) 

Sergt. William R. Finch, died July 2, 1863, Springfield Landing, La. 

Sergt. Wm. Wood, died Richmond Valley, Staten Island, N. Y., Oct. 
19, 1890. 

Sergt. Thomas G. Hendry, died April 27, 1877; buried in Jamaica, L. I. 

C >rp. Ed. Rigney, died Aug. 17, 1892. 

Corp. Bernard McGowan, died. 

Corp. Chas. Lewin, died of typhoid fever at Levee Cotton Press, La., 
May 16, 1863. 

Private Jas. W. Banks, died Jan. 31, 1901, Norwalk, Conn. 

Private Samuel J. Bradley, died 1891; buried in Greenwood Cemetery, 
N. Y., Lot 2458, Grave 793. 

Private Gilles Roggerman, died May 27, 1888; buried in Calvary Ceme 
tery, old part. 

Private Nathan Rickhow, died Oct. 4, 1895, Tottenville, Staten Island; 
buried in Tottenville Cemetery. 

Private John B. Roache, died Oct. 20, 1882, State Home, Bath, N. Y. 

Private Bernard O Donnell, died June 25, 1893, New York City, from 
effects of wounds. 

Private Richard H. Berrian, died at Harpers Ferry, Va., Aug. 8, 186^; 
buried in National Cemetery, Winchester. 

Private James Donevan, died from wounds received at Pleasant Hill, 
April 9, 1864. 

Private Elisa E. Dennison, drowned Aug. 25, 1863, at Baton Rouge, La. 

Private Nicholas Howard, died Jan. 22, 186^; buried in trench, Salis 
bury, N. C. 

Drummer Samuel A. Lawrence, woiinded in rifle pits, died June 28, 1863 
and burled in the National Cemetery, Port Hudsc n, La.; Grave N . 


Private Chas. Uhl, died May n, 1902; buried in Hudson City Cemetery, 
N. Y. Soldiers Plot. 

Private Frederick Farmer, died June n, 1864; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Alexandria, La.; Grave No. 1044. 

Private William Hewes, died July 3, 1863, at Baton Rouge, La., of 
wounds received at Port Hudson, May 27, 1863; buried in National 
Cemetery, Baton Rouge, in Grave No. 1136. 

Private John Harris, died March 28, 1864, at Alexandria, La. 

Private Richard King, died May 20, 1864, at New Orleans, La., from 
wounds received at Pleasant Hill, April 9, 1864? 

Private Frederick Kreb, died Aug. 17, 1863, at Port Hudson, La. 

Private Keron Kegon, died Dec. 17, 1863, at New Iberia, La. 

Private Mark Plunkett, died April 27, 1864, at Bonne Carre, La. 

Private Thomas Williams. 

Private John Dennis, died April 4, 1864, at New Orleans, La. 

Private Abraham R. Boereum, died. 

Private Mark Kavanagh, died May i, 1896, Soldiers Home, National 

Private George W. Lawsen, died. 

Private Joseph Miller, died. 

Private James McManus, died Nov. 19, 1883, Jackson, Mich. 

Private Samuel B. Metier, died Oct. 8, 1904, Jackson, Mich. 

Colored Cook John Washington, drowned at Morganzia, La., June 20, 1864. 


Col. William W. Stephenson, died in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 4, 1889; 

buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Boxwood Path, 9502-9505. 
Lieut. E. Hampton Mulford, died Nov. 23, 1887. 

Sergt. Samuel S. Sweet, died Aug. 23, 1902, Jamesport, L. I., N. Y. 
Sergt. Jas. R. Glover, died. 
Sergt. Henry W. Halsey, died April 13, 1887. 
Sergt. T. Augustus Parson, died Nov. 15, 1863. 
Sergt. Frederick R. Warner, died. 
Sergt. Geo. W. Bogart, died 1896. 
Corp. Sebastian Helfrich, died Feb. 4, 1894. 
Corp. Frederick or John T. Norman, died Aug. 7, 1863, from wounds; 

buried in National Cemetery, Baton Rouge; Grave No. 1182. 
Corp. John Thiel, died Dec. 18, 1900. 
Corp. Jas. McMeekin, died from effects of wounds Sept. 16, 1899; buried 

in Evergreen Cemetery. 
Musician John Wasser, died May 9, 1888. 

Private Peter Harted, died April 19, 1863, at Camp Parapet, La. 
Private Michael Lyhem, died June 21, 1864, at Morganzia, La. 
Private John Geering, died Feb. 8, 1865, Fort Columbus, New York 

Private Joseph Schase, died Sept. 2, 1865; buried in National Cemetery, 

Cypress Hills, N. Y. ; Grave No. 3170. 

Private James Gardiner, died Dec. 4, 1863; buried in National Cemetery, 
Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 753. 

Private Joseph C. Young, died June 25, 1863; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 1125. 

Private Jas. R. Nichols, died Sept. 17, 1863; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 2197. 

Private Jas. Rigney, died. 

Private John Yack, died Aug. 16, 1884. 

Private Henry Haymes, died May 18, 1863, New Orleans, La. 

Private Peter Gaffoa, died at Sag Harbor, Long Island. 

Private Samuel B. Jennings, died May 30, 1901. 

Private David K. Miller, died April 12, 1902, East Hampden, L. I., N. Y. 

Private Henry B. Mackey, died Feb. 14, 1902, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Green 
wood Cemetery. 

Private Henry Thoman, died May 2, 1896, National Military Home, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

Private John Laughtman, died Dec. u, 1863; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 728. 

Private Richard Hobby, died from effects of wounds, in Brooklyn, N. 
Y., May 18, 1864; buried in Evergreen Cemetery; Grave No. 2577. 

Private Herman Behlmer, died Aug. 24, 1864, Annapolis Junction, 
Md. ; Grave No. 627. 

Private Thomas B. Buckley, died Jan. 12, 1865, Stevenson Station, Va. 

Private John Fisher, died Jan. 6, 1864, Baton Rouge, La. 

Private Ambrose Hohn, died Dec. n, 1863, Franklin, La. 

Private John Harrison, died July 2, 1865, at Savannah, Ga., of sun 
stroke; buried in National Cemetery, Beauford, S. C. ; Grave No. 1018. 

Private Michael Innis, died Nov. 16, 1863, at New Orleans, La. 

Private Martin King, died Dec. 22, 1863, at New Orleans, La. 

Private Thomas Mara, died Nov. i, 1864, at Cahauba, Ala., prisoner of 

Private Joseph C. Young, died June 24, 1863, at Baton Rouge, La.; 
buried in National Cemetery; Grave No. 1125. 

Private Henry M. Rowdon, died Sept. 25, 1864; buried in National 
Cemetery, Alexandria, La.; Grave 828, Section 18. 

Private Charles Brown, died Aug. 19, 1901. 

Private Frank Kochendoefer, died. 

Private Bernard F. Markey, died. 

Private William Vanderdose, died. 

Private Dennis O. Connor, died in National Military Home, Hampton, 
Va., April 10, 1905; buried in Calvary, N. Y. 


Capt. William R. French, died June 22, 1892; buried in Woodlawn 

ist Lieut. Charles R. Carville, killed at the battle of Port Hudson, La., 

May 27, 1863 ; buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Lake Ave., Brooklyn, 

N. Y. ; buried July 15, 1863, in Lot No. 8289. 
Sergt. Frank H. Nichol or McNichol, died May 20, 1873, at New York 

City ; buried in Calvary Cemetery. 

Sergt. John P. Van Pelt, died 1895, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Sergt. Grafton Fenno, died in New York City, 1895. 
Sergt. John Ackerman, died Feb. 7, 1869; buried in Greenwood Cemetery, 

Lot 52-12, Section 85. 

Musician Richard Thum, died in New York City. 
Corp. William C. Hallenbeck, died Sept. 29, 1863; buried in National 

Cemetery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 712. 
Corp. William Orr, died Dec. 16, 1903, at Jersey City, N. J. 
Corp. David Brown, killed Feb. 21, 1863, at Camp Parapet, La.; buried. 

in Chalmette National Cemetery, New Orleans; Grave No. 8892. 
Corp. Charles R. Gordon, died Aug. 24, 1900. 
Corp. Daniel Danforth, died Aug. , 1890. 
Private John H. Baumgard, died Sept. 9, 1899, National Military Home, 

Togus, Me. ; buried in Home Cemetery; Grave No. 1530. 
Private William P. Brown, died Aug. 2, 1894, National Military Home, 

Togus, Me.; buried in Home Cemetery; Grave No. 1129. 
Private Augustus Johnson, died March i, 1902, in New York City. 
Private Jas. A. Gordon, died Aug. 21, 1888; buried National Military 

Cemetery, Ohio; Row 16, Section G. 
Private Frederick Rader, died Dec. 15, 1904, New Brighton, Staten 

Island ; buried in 
Private Wm. G. Haliker, died Dec. 13, 1882, National Military Home; 

buried in Home Cemetery, Hampton, Va. 
Private Chas. Schultz or Schutt, died Sept. 28, 1897, in Brooklyn, N. 

Y. ; buried in Lutheran Cemetery, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Lot 1556, 

Path 23, Map 2, Middle Ave. 
Private John Smith, died in New York City. 

Private Robert Whittaker, died Oct. 4, 1863; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 729. 
Private John Gallagher, died Dec. 13, 1892. 
Private Paul Morrell, died Feb. 28, 1864, Franklin, La. 
Private Robert Allen, died Sept. 24, 1872. 
Private Thomas Austin, died Aug. 18, 1893. 
Private Duncan Cameron, died Feb. , 1892. 
Private Richard Gare, died. 
Private Michael Madden, died July 4, 1874. 
Private Charles Methial, died from wounds received. 
Private George Wilcox, died May 28, 1863, from wounds received at Port 

Hudson, received May 27, 1863. 
Private J.. E. Liunggren, died from wounds. 


Capt. Henry C. Imvood, died; buried in South Carolina. 

Lieut, and Sergt. Robt. Gulick, died Sept. 2, 1863; buried in National 
Cemetery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 584. 

Com. -Sergt. George Woodruff, died Jan. 27, 1903, at Dorchester, Mass. 

Sergt. Alex. S. Fosdick, wounded at Port Hudson May 27, 1863, and 
died from his wounds in New York August 7, 1863 ; buried in Spring 
field Cemetery, Jamaica, L. I. z 

Sergt. Andrew White, died July 14, 1904; buried in Soliders Plot, 
National Cemetery, Presidio, Cal. 

Sergt. Thomas Mackey, died July 27, 1880. 

Corp. George W. Wooley, died 1869. 

Corp. John Feighery, died May 19, 1880, Soldiers Home, Bath, N. Y. ; 
buried in Home Cemetery; Grave No. 25. 

Corp. William Vero, died May n, 1902, New York City. 

Corp. John Me Adams, died. 

Corp. Andrew Jackson, killed by a shell March 31, 1863. 

Corp. David Ryan, died. 

Corp. George W. Tower, died Aug. 6, 1864, in hospital in New York. 

Private George W. B. Berrian, died July 30, 1865; buried in National 
Cemetery, Cypress Hills; Grave No. 2902. 

Private John Delaney, died Sept. 12, 1891, National Military Home, 
Milwaukee County, Wis. ; buried in Home Cemetery; Grave No. 
641, Section i. 

Private Daniel S. Cox, died at New York City. 

Private Henry DuBois, died June 10, 1863; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 2713. 

Private James Hargrave, died Sept. 17, 1863; buried in National Ceme 
tery, Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 881. 

Private Andrew Jackson, died April, 1896, at Newark, N. J. 

Private Alfred T. Karlen, died Dec. 3, 1899, at New York City; buried 
in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Plot No. 3330 

Private Chas. Wheeler, died in Jersey City, N. J. 

Private John E. Collins, died Jan. 13, 1876, National Military Home, 
Milwaukee County, Wis.; buried in Home Cemetery; Grave No. 
15, Section 3. 

Private Albert Lawrence, died Feb. 23, 1865, Camp Parole, Annapolis, 
Md. ; Grave No. 20. 

Private John McLaughlin, died Jan. 16, 1865, Alexandria, Va. ; Grave 
No. 2294. 

Private Joseph Vedder, died Aug. 10, 1864, in U. S. Hospital, Fort 
Schuyler, N. Y. 

Private Philip Hertzinger, died May 17, 1863, in General Hospital, New 
Orleans, La. 


Private William E. Simpkins, died Oct. 18, 1863, in General Hospital, 
New Orleans, La. 

Private Robert H. Tower, died March 29, 189 2, Soldiers Home, Hamp 
ton, Va. ; buried in Home Cemetery. 

Private John Rague, died Jan. 5, 1870; buried in Greenwood Cemetery; 
Grave No. 966, Lot 10975. 

Private John Cunningham, died Dec. i, 1893. 

Private Joseph Dennis, died April 4, 1901. 

Private Robert Gallott, died June 3, 1904. 

Private John Marriott, died June 2, 1902. 

Private Alfred Moore, died. 

Private William Singer, died Sept. 9, 1903. 

Private George Zanner, died. 

Private James Lenhart, died Jan. 28, 1865, Jarvis Hospital, Baltimore, 
Md.; buried in National Cemetery, New London, Md. ; Grave No. 

Private John Hoctcr, killed while on picket duty March 28, 1863. 

Private Charles G. Seiberg, died Aug. 18, 1863, from wounds, Baton 
Rouge, La.; received at Port Hudson, May 27, 1863. 


Capt. Edw. G. Hoffman, died Aug. 16, 1886; buried in Glenwood Ceme 
tery, Washington, D. C. 
Capt. Gould H. Thorpe, died April 30, 1902, New York City; buried in 

Greenwood Cemetery, Lot 1049; Grave 4; Section 94-95. 
Capt. DeForest H. Thomae, died Oct. 26, 1876, New Jersey, effect 

of wounds; buried in Baptist Cemetery, Scott Plains, New Jersey. 
Lieut. Thomas S. Tracey, died 1875, San Francisco, Cal. 
Sergt. -Major George A. Burtis, died Dec. 26, 1898. 
Sergt. John H. Mercer, died Aug. 24, 1878, New York City; buried in 

Silver Mount Cemetery; Plot No. 198. 
Sergt. Storm Reeves, died Sept. 10, 1875; buried in Athens, Green 

County, N. Y. 

Sergt. Augustus T. Phillips, died 1890. 
Sergt. Martin Flagherty. 
Sergt. Charles W. Mahaffey. 
Sergt. Hugh Liddy, died Jan. 31, 1890, Soldiers State Home, Bath. 

N. Y. ; buried in Home Cemetery; Grave No. 546. 
Sergt. James Reiley, died May 16, 1901, in Brooklyn; buried in Calvary 


Sergt. Emile Burkhardt. 
Corp. Bernard Golden, died. 

Corp. George Kierstead, died at New York City, Jan. 2, 1897. 
Corp. John Owens, died from effects of wounds, at New York City, May 

6, 1891; buried in Calvary Cemetery; Grave No. 18, Plot DD, 

Section 19. 


Corp. John O Brien, died; buried in Calvary Cemetery. 

Corp. Thos. Gallagher, died Dec. n, 1892, Soldiers Home, Hampton, 
Va. ; buried in Home Cemetery. 

Corp. James E. Burchan, drowned Jan. 18, 1864, at Franklin, La. 

Musician Michael Brennan, died. 

Private Charles Blake or Hermance, died 1980. 

Private Car or John Carn, died Jan. 30, 1881, National Military Home, 
Ohio ; buried in Home Cemetery, Row 5, Section D. 

Private James A. Coffey, died. 

Private Michael Callahan, died. 

Private William Ellis, died. 

Private John Henry, died; buried in Greenwood Cemetery; Grave No. 
9, Lot 8309. 

Private William Jones, died. 

Private James Kerrigan, died 1889. 

Private Edward McGrath. 

Private John Hillen, died Dec. 16, 1898, in Brooklyn; buried in Holy 
Cross Cemetery, 29 St. Stephen Square Range. 

Private William F. Slatterley, died Dec., 1891. 

Private Eris K. E. Shamanis, died June 7, 1863 ; buried at Baton Rouge, 
La.; Grave No. 2734. 

Private E. E. Lohman, died June 4, 1863; buried in National Cemetery, 
Baton Rouge, La.; Grave No. 1158. 

Private William Smith or Christopher Malliason, died July 15, 1897; 
buried in Calvary Cemetery. 

Private James H. Todd, died Nov. n, 1887, at New York City; buried 
in National Cemetery, Cypress Hills; Grave No. 4662, lower part. 

Private Louis Ulrich, died Sept. 7, 1903; buried in Hollowell Cemetery, 

Private Samuel Lyons, died. 

Private George Shepherd, died in Brooklyn in 1891. 

Private Maurice Daly, died June 29, 1903, at State Soldiers Home- 
New York; buried in St. Paul s Cemetery, Oswego County, N. Y. 

Private James E. Parkes, died July 18, 1864; buried National Ceme 
tery, Hampton, Va. ; Grave No. 3550. 

Private William Stephen, died June 22, 1863, at Baton Rouge, La., of 
wounds received at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. 

Private William Waters, died Feb. 4, 1905, Soldiers Home, Bath, N. 
Y. ; buried in Pinelawn Cemetery, L. I., N. Y. 

Private Henry Gallagher, died. 

Private John Miller, died Nov. 5, 1881. 

Private James Mellaney, died. 

Private James E. Parkes, died Feb. 26, 1864. 

Private William H. Snedecor, died from wounds received at Port Hud 
son, La., June 30, 1863; buried at National Cemetery, Port Hud 
son, La. 




As drilled by the J65th Regiment, N. Y. Vol. Infantry, 2d Battalion, 
Duryee Zouaves, 1862-1865 

Prime parry (right) Th rust and develop 

Second parry (left) 

Tierce parry (left) 

Ouarte parry (right) 

High tierce parry (left) 

High quarte parry (right) ( ( ( ( ( ( 

Guard against cavalry, right parry. 
Guard against cavalry, left parry. 
Thrust and passade. 

Lower the stock Strike and develop 

Stock to the right 

Stock to the left 

tock to the rear 

On the left, shorten. 
On the right, shorten. 
Tierce and retreat parry. 
Seconde and retreat parry. 
Right, vault. 
Left, vault. 
Right rear, vault. 
Step to ri^ht, advance. 

Step to left, retreat. 



General Orders No. 49. 

Headquarters Department of .the Gulf, igth Army Corps. 
Before Port Hudson, June 15, 1863. 

The Commanding General congratulates the troops before 
Port Hudson upon the steady advance made upon the enemy s 
works, and is confident of an immediate and triumphant issue 
of the contest. We are at all points upon the threshold of 
his fortifications. One more advance and they are ours! 

For the last duty victory imposes, the Commanding General 
summons the bold men of the corps to the organization of a 
storming column of 1,000 men, to vindicate the flag of the 
Union and the memory of its defenders who have fallen! Let 
them come forward! 

Officers who lead the column of victory in this last assault 
may be assured of the just recognition of their services by 
promotion, and every officer and soldier who shares its perils, 
and its glory, shall receive a medal fit to commemof ate the 
first grand success of the campaign of 1863 for the freedom of 
the Mississippi. His name will be placed in General Orders 
upon the Roll of Honor. 

Division commanders will at on^e report the names of the 
officers and men who may volunteer for this service, in order 
that the organization of the column may be completed without 

By command of Major-General N. P. Banks. 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 

The following is a list of the members of the i65th, our 
regiment, who volunteered in the forlorn hope at Port Hud 
son under the above order of General Banks, this list is taken 
from Assistant Adjutant-General Richard B. Irwin s " History 
of the i gth Army Corps": 


Felix Agnus ................ A Private 

Henry C. Inwood E 

Lieutenant Gustavus F. Linguist C 

Sergeant Walter T. Hall A 

William T. Sinclair A 

John Fleming A 

John W. Dickins A 

Corporal Richard Baker A 

Josiah C. Dixon A 

George E. Armstrong A 

Private James E. Barker A 

Peter Beaucamp A 

Samuel Davis A 

Gustav Druckhammer A 

Thomas Kerney A 

David Lewis A 

George McKinney A 

George A. Metzel A 

William Vero E 

Elias H. Tucker 

John H. Valk 

Edward Vass 

Drummer Michaej Donohue. . . . 

.. . A 
.. A 


Elisha E. Dennison. ... B 

Patrick H. Matthews. . . B 

John Cassidy C 

Robert Hobbey C 

Laurentz M. Lange. ... C 

John Langhtman C 

Corporal James F. Campbell. ... D 

Private Eugene Deflander D 

Henry Edwards D 

Henry R. Loomis D 

Thomas Belcher E 

John Feighery E 

Stephen Gillen E 

Edwin A. Shaw. . E 

The above named Eugene Deflander and Henry Edwards 
are erroneously stated in above list as members of Co. D. They 
were, in fact, members of Co. A; and Robert Hobbey, as men 
tioned, should be Richard Hobbey, and Henry R. Loomis, 
mentioned as of Co. D, in fact belonged to Co. E. 



It may not be amiss to note here the escape from prison 
of three of the boys of our regiment who were captured at the 
charge on Port Hudson, May 27, 1863, and escaped on the 
morning of July 3, 1863, not being willing to pass our great 
national holiday under any flag except our own. 

These men were Corporal Plotts, Co. E, Private J. Hamilton, 
Co. B, and Sergeant Steves, Co. B, and to them that Fourth 
was the greatest one they ever spent. 

They were among those in the front during the charge, and 
just before our gallant and glorious Smith fell he gave the order 
to those left unhurt to "lie down." They were already so 
close up to the fort that all the cannon shots from inside (and 
many of the other shots also) went over their heads, and there 
fore nothing was to be done but drop in the corn -furrows, 
grass, and underbrush, and lie there until after dark, for wher~ 
ever the enemy saw any movement among the bushes or grass 
they would fire at the mover even if they might not see him. 

That was a terrible night of suffering for the wounded Zou 
aves. Many were already dead, and many were crying for 
help as they were dying from their wounds, none of our sur 
geons being then able to come to their aid. Some were giving 
their dying gasps, others breathing their last fond words, and 
it was noticed by one present that in nearly every case of death 
the last few words were addressed to "Mother" the dear one 
whom each imagined to be near. 

Just before starting in the charge the two canteens of the 
general guides, Fosdick and Steves, by orders of Colonel Smith, 
had been filled with Q. M. whiskey, and, by further orders, they 
gave to each Zouave who wished it "a bracer," for we had 


promised our leader that we would take Port Hudson at the 
"point of the bayonet if we lasted long enough." And to help 
carry out that promise, as we started we discharged our rifles 
in the air so that no man might be tempted to stop long enough 
during the charge to fire his piece. We did not "last long 
enough," but there were 164 unhurt of the six companies of 
Zouaves. Soon as it was dark enough these crept back to 
our lines, except Plotts, Hamilton, and Steves, who remained 
through the entire night doing what they could to help their 
dying and wounded comrades. This included giving them 
what was left of the whiskey in the canteens of Fosdick and 
Steves. Poor Fosdick was among those who was mortally 

The long night at last passed, and daylight once more 
showed the dreadful state of affairs to the three unhurt com 
rades, as they were keeping up the spirits of the wounded 
and helpless, until (as they thought) our ambulances would 
arrive. They found themselves much nearer the walls of the 
fort than they expected, and a party of the enemy soon came 
out and took them inside the fort as prisoners of war they, 
at first sight, thinking this party was help from our own hos 

The Confederate officers inside highly praised the bravery 
of our charge, saying they felt that it was almost like murder 
to fire their cannon on us as we came up, but that they could 
keep us out in no other way. They also said it was perfectly 
useless for our side to try to take Port Hudson by charge, pro 
tected as it was by such cannon, mounted behind such heavy 
walls, and their entire forces out of sight during action, guarded 
by the works. For safe keeping they put our three boys in 
an old country-store building which they used as a prison- 
house. In this building were as many captives from the 
various Union regiments as could well lay down on the floor; 
and in the cellar under us were imprisoned the men of their 
own vicinity who refused to bear arms against the Union flag. 

As the Southerners inside Port Hudson were entirely sur 
rounded; they were getting more and more short of provisions 
every day, but they treated their prisoners as well as they 
could afford under the circumstances. Grant was above 
Vicksburg, General Banks, with the igth and i3th Corps, had 
the place completely surrounded on the land-side, and there 

were six Union gunboats lying in the river below the place, 
preventing them from receiving any provisions from outside. 
Comrade Plotts had always been a great swimmer, and seeing 
the Union flag flying from our gunboats anchored six miles 
below in the Mississippi was too much of a temptation for 
Union boys, so one quiet night during the latter part of June, 
Hamilton and Steves assisted Plotts into some old clothes, 
and to slip away from the guard and get down the high bank 
to the edge of the water. The two last named not being such 
fine swimmers, and all being much weakened from lack of 
food, thought it best not to start with him. 

Plotts started as quickly and vigorously as possible, mak 
ing fine headway at first, as he had the current of the river 
with him. For over two hours he strove, and then found 
himself still over one-third of the distance from the gunboats, 
and his strength fast leaving him. What was to be done? 
Struggle as he might he realized he could keep above water 
but a few minutes longer, therefore he drew a long breath and 
shouted with all his might for help. As good luck would have 
it he was heard by a man on shore with a boat, who rowed 
out and took him in just as he was going to the bottom. 

After the "Rebs" found out who he was they brought 
him back to the prison-house again, and this time put him in 
irons, at the same time taking the opportunity to give notice 
to the Zouaves that any attempt to escape thereafter would 
be fatal, for they were treating them just as well as circum 
stances would admit, and therefore the first step towards an 
escape would be followed by a shot to kill without stopping 
to order a halt. 

When the time for the actual escape arrived, about ten days 
after, Steves picked off Plott s shackles by inserting the loop 
of a leather shoe-string in the keyhole of the irons a trick 
he had learned once while on guard over some unruly drummer 
boys on Staten Island, who were tired of waiting to be sent 
to the front. 

Towards the last of June our boys had been reduced to 
two ears each of hard corn per day (same quality as was fed 
to horses) and we were obliged to boil it about half an hour 
to get it soft enough to eat. To procure the wood with which 
to make the fires to boil the corn, they were allowed to go out 
side the prison-house, one at a time under guard, and find 


it where they could, and this trifling fact of being obliged to 
look for firewood enabled Steves one day to find an old table- 
knife, with handle partly rusted off, which gave them the 
means of making their escape. 

With this old knife they cut through the floor of the prison, 
and this was accomplished only by firmly, slowly, and patiently 
drawing the knife across three of the boards, during the best 
part of a summer day and night, until they were entirely cut 
through, at the same time holding up an old* blanket so as to 
hide the movement from the guards. 

This gave the three Zouaves access to the cellar, where, as 
they had learned while cutting through the floor, the men 
confined in the cellar already had a hole nearly finished which 
they had dug with an old tin plate. Our boys helped them 
with a big iron spoon to finish digging it. The hole was about 
ten feet long, from the cellar where is started to where it came 
out of the ground back of the building, and just large enough 
to crawl through if on light diet. 

No time was now to be lost, and the three Zouaves, to 
their surprise, found no one willing to start for the Union lines 
but themselves. The others said the risk was too great, and 
that, as it was supposed the place could hold out but a short 
time longer before surrender, it would not pay to take said 

Our boys started at once for Thompson s Creek, about two 
miles distant to the northeast, traveling in very lively time, 
mostly down hill, until they reached that stream just as day 
was breaking. Seeing a boat on the other shore Plotts threw 
off his clothes, swam across the creek, brought the boat back 
and rowed Hamilton and Steves over to the Union lines once 
more free men. 

It took only half an hour to reach the 3d Brigade Head 
quarters, and another half-hour to reach 2d Division Head 
quarters. At each place they gave full accounts of the for 
tifications inside, and full information as to how short the 
enemy was inside for food. The three Zouaves spent July 
4, 1863, under their own flag, and a few weeks later, after 
General Banks had captured the town, they put in this same 
prison-house, as prisoners, the very men who were formerly 
on guard over them. 

And those Confederate officers and men who had shown 


kindness to our boys when prisoners were introduced to the 
Zouave guard officers, who now had charge of the town, and 
they certainly found those little deeds of kindness proved for 
them a good investment. 

Just before Port Hudson surrendered, our navy officers on 
the gunboats below the fort asked that Comrade Plotts might 
come aboard the boats and help them direct their heavy shells 
where they would do the most good. Major Agnus, then 
commanding the regiment, allowed him to go, -and as fate would 
have it, the very last shot fired from the fort before they 
lowered their flag, killed poor Plotts, on July 6th. 

Peace be to his ashes they lie just below Port Hudson, 
on the east bank of the Mississippi. 



GENERAL FELIX AGNUS was born in Lyons, France, in 
1839. He belongs to one of the old families in that country 
which traces its lineage back more than 1,000 years. His family 
moved to Paris when he was a child, and his education was 
received at College Jolie Clair, near Montrouge, a suburb of 
the French capital, made famous during the German siege 
and the Communist uprising. In 1852 he started on an adven 
turous tour around the world. 

In the war between France and Austria he served in the 
3d Regiment of Zouaves, and was in the battle of Montabello. 
He w r as afterward detailed to a post in the celebrated Flying 
Guards under Garibaldi. 

In 1860 he came to the United States, and immediately 
upon the outbreak of the Civil War enlisted as a private soldier 
in the Duryee Zouaves, 5th New York Volunteers, in which 
he served with distinction in several battles and was promoted 
to a 2d Lieutenancy. 

He took part in the organization of the 2d Duryee Zouaves, 
1 65th New York Yolunteers, and took the field with that regi 
ment as Captain of Co. A. He took part in all the fighting of 
that famous regiment and was a member of the storming party, 
or "forlorn hope," that was organized as a last resort to storm 
the Confederate stronghold of Port Hudson. 

He rose rapidly to the rank of Colonel, and when only 
twenty-six years old received his brevet as Brigadier-General. 
At the close of the war he settled in Baltimore, where he has 
been very conspicuous in political and civil life, and is still in 
control of the widely-known journal, the Baltimore American, 
which paper he has successfully conducted for many years. 

General Agnus is a man of fine presence, a brilliant orator, 
and a leader of high rank in political and civil affairs. 



MAJOR CHARLES A. WALKER was born in Albany, N. Y., 
June 23, 1843; both his paternal and maternal grandparents 
were New England born, and while he is a lineal descendant 
of Widow W 7 alker, who settled in Rehobeth, Mass., in 1636, 
yet through collateral ancestors he dates back to the Mayflower. 

His ancestors served as officers on the part of the colonies 
during the "Colonial" and "Revolutionary" Wars. 

Major Walker received a common school education, and, 
as Secretary to Speaker Littlejohn, of the New York State 
Assembly, during the winter of 1 860-61, was at the side of 
President Lincoln when he addressed the Legislature Feb. 
1 8, 1 86 1, on his way to his inauguration, joining the Washing 
ton Continentals, Co. B, of the 7 6th Regiment, New York State 
Militia, he performed guard duty with that company at the 
Albany barracks during the organization of the two years 
regiments of New York troops under the^President s first call. 
He was one of the first to enroll in Captain Hurlburt s com 
pany of Colonel Frederick Townsend s 3d Regiment, New York 
Volunteers, but withdrew to go with his own company, which 
-expected to enlist as part of the home regiment. 

Seeing no immediate prospects of such a result he went to 
New York city and joined Co. I, 5th Regiment, New York 
Volunteers, Duryee Zouaves, under Captain Chas. G. Bartlett* 
July 18, 1861, encamping at Federal Hill, Baltimore, M. D. 
After three months hard labor Fort Federal Hill was erected 
by the regiment, mounting 56 guns of the largest calibre; 
promoted Corporal February 20, 1862. Regiment attached 
to Dix s division, Middle Department, to March, 1862, attached 
to Sykes Reserve Infantry Division, Army of the Potomac, to 
May, 1862, 3d Brigade Sykes 2d Division 5th Corps, Army 
of the Potomac, to November, 1862; his service with regi- 

I0 5 

ment expedition through Accomac and Northampton Coun 
ties, Va., November 14-23, 1861; duties in defence of Balti 
more till March 30, 1862; arrived at Fortress Monroe, Va., 
March 31; moved up the Peninsula to Yorktown, April 
ii ; siege of Yorktown April 15, May 4, near Hanover Court 
House, Va., May 26; action at Hanover Court House May 27; 
action at Ashland, May 29; action at New Bridge June 5; 
Old Church June 13, "seven days" before Richmond June 25 
to July i; battle of Mechanicsville June 26; .battle of Gaines 
Mill June 27, during which he was wounded in the shoulder; 
White Oak Swamp and Glendale and Malvern Hill, June 30; 
Harrison s Landing July 3d; at Harrison s Landing de 
tached on recruiting service in New York city to help raise 
2d Regiment of Zouaves. An examination of Sergeants for 
promotion to Lieutenants was held, and as Corporal Walker 
was acting Sergeant he was called before the board and 
accepted and promised a commission. 

Discharged from 5th Regiment, Duryee Zouaves, November 
17, 1862, to accept promotion; commissioned 2d Lieutenant 
Co. A, 1 65th New York Volunteers of Infantry, November 18, 
1862, to date from September 12, 1862; ist Lieutenant Co. 
A., August 28, 1863, to date from January 13, 1863; Cap 
tain Co. A. January i, 1864, to date from July 13, 1863; 
breveted Major 1865 "for faithful and meritorious services." 

Expedition from New Orleans to Ponchatoula March 21- 
30; Lieutenant Walker, and a detail of fifteen men of his com 
pany (A) conducted the advance across James Island March 
23 ; a long trestle connected with the mainland was covered 
by an earthwork evidently lately occupied, just beyond in 
a bayou, after driving off the Rebel guard and killing a captain 
by one of our skirmishers on one of the boats our regiment cap 
tured two schooners loaded with cotton. 

North Pass Manchac, March 23, 1863, capture of Poncha 
toula, La., March 24, 1863; Berwick Bay, March 26, 1863; 
moved to Baton Rouge thence to Port Hudson May 20 to 22; 
fight at Plain s Store, May 21; May 22, siege of Port Hudson. 
Assaults on Port Hudson May 27; regiment lost heavily, unable 
to leave battle-field until dark. Assault June 14. 

July 8, surrender of Port Hudson; August 23, moved to 
Baton Rouge; on duty there till Sabine Pass expedition; 
September 3-12; was acting Adjutant from April 20 until 


ordered North on sailing of expedition for recruits and con 
scripts; on duty at Riker s Island and Hart s Island, New York 
Harbor; was acting assistant Adjutant-General, also Provost- 
Marshal in charge of Rebel Prison Camp on the staff of Gen 
eral H. W. Wessells at Hart s Island till mustered out and 
honorably discharged September 15, 1865. 

About 5,000 Rebel prisoners were received, and after proper 
rolls were prepared and oath of allegiance administered by 
Captain Walker were released and sent South. 

At the obsequies of President Abraham Lincoln in New 
York city April 25, 1865, five companies of veterans from Hart s 
Island took part under command of Major M. S. Euen, of i56th 
New York Volunteers, the color company, 100 strong under 
command of Captain Chas. A. Walker of the i65th Regiment, 
New York Volunteers, 2d Duryee Zouaves. 


Entered railway service 1866, as clerk in freight department 
Albany and Susquehanna Railroad, since which he has been 
consecutively assistant to general freight agent, ticket agent, 
in engineer corps, assistant to paymaster, and chief clerk in 
financial department, all on the Albany and Susquehanna 
Railroad; general railroad accountant, general accountant, 
assistant treasurer Delaware and Hudson Canal Co., controller 
and treasurer same company, and is now treasurer of same 



ABRAHAM GILBERT MILLS was born in New York city 
March 12, 1844. When but four years old, his father died. 
He then lived for several years in Jamaica, Long Island, where 
he attended Union Hall Academy until the age of fifteen, when 
he began his commercial career by entering the service of E. 
H. Kellogg & Co., a business house of high standing, and which 
still exists in the city of New York. 

On the organization of the famous Duryee Zouaves (5th 
N. Y. Vols.) at the outbreak of the war, he sought to enlist 
in that regiment, but his widowed mother could not then be 
persuaded to give her consent. This he finally obtained in 
the following year, and enlisted (at the age of eighteen) in the 
regiment of his choice. Meantime the Duryee Zouaves had gained 
a high reputation for military discipline and bravery in battle, 
many of our most promising young men sought to enlist in the 
now famous regiment and several of Mills schoolmates and 
friends enlisted with him. An attempt was made to form a 
Zouave brigade, and Mills began his active military career in 
the field as a member of Co. E, 2d Duryee Zouaves (i65th N. Y. 
Vols.), a regiment officered mainly from the "Old Fifth." 
This regiment was in active service three years in Louisiana, 
Texas, Virginia (under Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley), 
and in South Carolina, and well sustained the high reputation 
of the original Duryee Zouaves, whose term of service had 
expired in 1863, but whose name and uniform the " 2d Duryee 
Zouaves" made conspicuous until the close of the war. 

Concerning Mills career at the beginning and in the most 
notable part of the service of his regiment, Brevet Lieut. -Colonel 
Henry C. Inwood (one of the "Old Fifth"), who was the Cap 
tain of the company in which he served, writes as follows: 

"He very rapidly acquired a thorough knowledge of and 
practical acquaintance with the duties of a soldier. He be- 


came prominently an ornament and example to the company. 
I promoted him corporal and very shortly afterward sergeant, 
in which capacity he greatly assisted me in preparing my com 
pany for field service. As a sergeant he passed through the 
Port Hudson campaign in 1863, and distinguished himself 
nobly as a brave American volunteer. 

" He was side by side with me at the charge on Port Hudson 
May 27, 1863, and after I was disabled by a rebel bullet and 
the regiment very much decimated and demoralized by defeat, 
he conspicuously rallied them to the colors, took command 
of my company and, with the regiment, led them to the charge 
again, and, by his intrepidity, earned and received the thanks 
of the brigade commander (General Nickerson). I was to this 
an eye witness. 

"On rejoining the regiment from hospital I learned from 
the regimental commander that Mills had conducted himself 
handsomely during my absence, that he had commanded the 
company and had rendered efficient service. I took the earliest 
opportunity to recommend him for a lieutenancy and requested 
his assignment to my company." 

Mills had commanded his company in the fruitless night 
attacks on the "Citadel," the strongest point in the defenses 
of Port Hudson (June 29 and 30, 1863), and was on duty with 
his company throughout the entire campaign. After the sur 
render of Port Hudson and the consequent opening of the 
Mississippi, Mills was detached from his regiment on special 
duty, concerning which Colonel Inwood says: "I recommended 
A. G. Mills for this service because he was my best soldier." 
Doubtless absence from his regiment on detached service pre 
vented his further promotion, but his services to the close of 
the war were meritorious and he was honorably mustered out 
with his regiment September i, 1865. 

Shortly afterward he was offered and accepted a position 
in the civil service of the government in Washington, D. C., 
and entered the Columbian College law school in that city in 
1867, whence he graduated in 1869 and was admitted to prac 
tice in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Mean 
time he had been promoted to an important position in the 
U. S. Treasury Department and in 1871 was sent to London 
with a delegation of treasury officials in connection with re 
funding the government bonds. 


In 1874 he resigned his government office to enter commer 
cial life, in which he has had a successful career, and is now 
vice-president of the Otis Elevator Company, the well-known 
elevator builders, and is also a director in several other im 
portant business enterprises. 

He entered Lafayette Post, No. 140, G. A. R., in 1890, and 
in the following year was elected commander of that famous 
post. On the expiration of his term he was unanimously 
re-elected commander, and is still a recognized leader in that 
select, progressive and influential organization of veterans of 
the war. 

He is also a member of the Loyal Legion, of the Army 
and Navy Club, a life -member of the Society of the Army of 
the Potomac, a vice-president of the Nineteenth Army Corps 
Society, an associate member of the Duryee Zouaves (Old Fifth) 
Veteran Association, and president of the Veteran Association 
of the 2d Duryee Zouaves (i65th N. Y. Vols.). 

In social and club life he is equally conspicuous as a leader. 
He is president of two associations in the Adirondacks, a mem 
ber of the Union League, Engineers and National Arts Clubs; 
ex-president of the New York Athletic Club and of the Na 
tional League B. B. C., and is also a member of a large number 
of patriotic, scientific, charitable, commercial and social clubs 
and organizations. 

HANSON Cox GIBSON, 48 Wall street, born in New York 
city; son of James Renwick and Katharine (Van Keuren) 
Gibson; Bachelor of Arts, New York University, 1854; law 
yer, since 1857; enlisted as a private in Co. B, i65th Regiment, 
New York State Volunteers, March , 1864. Appointed by 
Honorable Horatio Seymour, Governor of the State of New 
York, 2d Lieutenant i65th Regiment, New York State Vol 
unteers, July 27, 1864, with rank from July 16, 1864; mus 
tered in as 2d Lieutenant, Co. A, same regiment, at Cedar 
Creek, Va., September 27, 1864; honorably discharged Sep 
tember i, 1865; Provost Judge of Savannah, Georgia, 1865; 
in service at New Orleans, La., Morganzia Bay, Miss., Fort 
Delaware, Winchester and Cedar Creek, Va., Virginia cam 
paign, i Qth Army Corps, 1864, and Charlestown, S. C., July 
to September i, 1865. 

President of Harlem Eye, Ear and Throat Infirmary; vice- 
president of the District Telegraph and Burglar Alarm Corn- 

pany of Harlem ; director and counsel of the Bank of Harlem, 
vice-president of the Sagaponack Realty Company; charter 
member of the Harlem Club ; charter member Alexander Hamil 
ton Post, G. A. R. ; counsel for the Bank of New York, N. B. A., 
and the National City Bank of New York; notary public for 
the Bank of the State of New York and the Bank of the Man 
hattan Company; member of the Vestry of Holy Trinity Church, 
Harlem; member of the Loyal Legion, Army and Navy Club, 
and Psi Upsilon Club. 


In flDemoriam 


CAPTAIN EDWARD G. HOFFMAN died at his residence in the city of 
Washington, D. C., August 16, 1886. 

Captain Hoffman was born in New York city, June 9, 1838. When 
13 years of age he was sent to England to be educated by his uncle. 
He there entered the British Navy, and was sent on board the school- 
ship at Southampton, England. At the time of the Crimean war he 
was a midshipman on her Majesty s frigate Diamond, and was one of 
a party of midshipmen who were sent on shore to guard the rifle-pits 
at Balaklava. For distinguished gallantry at this time Queen Victoria 
presented him with a gold medal. After the sieg of Sebastopol he 
became connected with the East Indian Company, and served on the 
staff of Sir Robert Peel. 

When Fort Sumter was fired upon he immediately left England, 
where he was on temporary duty, for his native city and country. He 
was offered a commission in the Navy, but declined, preferring to enlist 
with some of his old schoolmates, and with whom he joined Co. A, 5th 
New York Volunteers, Duryee s Zouaves, on the 2d day of June, 1861. 
He was promoted to corporal September 10, 1861; sergeant, May 18, 
1862; Second Lieutenant, July 13, 1862. While serving in that regiment he 
participated in the following battles: Big Bethel, June 10, 1861; -Siege 
of Yorktown, April and May, 1862; New Kent C. H., May 26, 1862; 
Hanover C. H., May 27, 1862; New Bridge, June 5, 1862; Mechanics- 
ville, June 5, 1862; Games Mills, June 27, 1862; Charles City X Roads, 
Malvern Hill, and Plains of Manassas, August , 1862, and Bull Run, 
August 29, 1862. He was severely wounded during the battle of 
Games Mills. He was promoted to First Lieutenant, i65th New York 
Volunteers, November 3, 1862; Captain, August 31, 1864; served on 
the staff of the Second Brigade, Third Division, ipth Army Corps, as 
Acting Assistant Inspector General. He took part in all the operations 
in the Department of the Gulf, Red River campaign, and at Port Hudson. 
He was transferred with the i9th Army Corps to the Army of the Po 
tomac in July, 1864, and served with that corps in the battles of Deep 
Bottom, Opequan, Winchester, Fisher s Hill, Strasburgh, Cedar Creek, 
and Newtown. He was Provost Marshal of Winchester, Va., from 
December, 1864, to March, 1865. His regiment was relieved from 
duty with the Army of the Potomac, and sent to Charleston, S. C., 
June 1 8, 1865. He was then appointed Chief of Military Police, and 
served in that capacity until October 19, 1865, when he was seriously 
injured by the falling wall of a burning building while he, with some 
of his men, were trying to save a large iron safe. His right leg was 
broken in three places, skull and side crushed, and arm and right hand 
broken. For weeks his life was despaired of, and when he finally re 
covered it was only to find himself crippled for life. He was mustered 
out of the service soon after his recovery, remained a few weeks at his 
home in New York, and then returned south, where he held an important 
position in the Internal Revenue Department, and until he was ap 
pointed a clerk in the Pension Office. There he was rapidly advanced 
to the position of acting chief of the old War and Navy Division, which 
position he held at the date of his death. 

Captain Hoffman was the organizer and first Post Commander of 
the first Grand Army Post instituted in South Carolina. On the 25th 
day of April, 1883, he was mustered into Kit Carson Post, No. 2, G. A. 
R., Department of the Potomac. After serving his post with honor 
and credit in various minor capacities, on the 9th day of December, 
1885, he was elected Junior Vice-Commander, and on the 28th clay 
of April, 1886, was elected Senior Vice-Commander, which office he 
held at the time of his death. 


WILLIAM R. FRENCH, born in New York city on May 30, 
1836 ; educated in the public schools; graduated from Grammar 
School No. 35, West i3th street, New York city. 

Enlisted as a private in Co. A, yist Regiment, New York 
State Militia, April 1861, did duty on the Potomac River and 
in Washington; was one of the guard over Colonel Ellsworth s 
body at Washington Navy Yard; was at the first battle of 
Bull Run. 

Returned to New York with his regiment August i, 1861; 
went to the front again in spring of 1862 as orderly sergeant for 
three months. On his return, raised a company for i65th 
Regiment, New York State Volunteers, 2d Duryee s Zouaves. 
Was made captain; served with the regiment until its return 
to New York. Came home in command as Lieutenant-Colonel, 
was later breveted Colonel. 

After the war was in the wholesale coal business in New Yorx 
and Boston; then became a member of the Consolidated Ex 
change, and was a member until his death, which occurred on 
June 22, 1892. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, New 




JOSHUA KIMBER, who was Hospital Steward of the regiment 
during the whole time of its service, was born in Flushing, L. I., 
on the 3ist of December, 1835. After an education completed 
at the boarding school of the Society of Friends, at Westtown, 
Pa., in his sixteenth year he presently entered upon prepara 
tion for (as he supposed) life work as a druggist and chemist. 
He attended the New York College of Pharmacy for two years, 
and was in the service of the wholesale and retail firm of Thomas 
& Maxwell, 86 William street, for ten years, save for a brief 
term when he had an interest in a store in Flushing. From 
the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 he felt impelled to volun 
teer, and his uniform was ordered to go to the front with the 
1 5th Militia, Colonel Frederick N. Lawrence, which, however, 
was not called out even for the three months service. His 
mother, being a strict member of the Society of Friends (com 
monly called Quakers), was earnestly and actively opposed to 
his going into the army, carrying offensive weapons. He felt 
that he could hardly go contrary to the expressed wishes of his 
aged and infirm mother, when it occurred to him that, if he 
could be properly employed in the medical department where 
his mission would be to save life and not to destroy it, all opposi 
tion would be removed. It was with this veiw that he sought 
Dr. James F. Ferguson, just appointed Surgeon with the rank of 
Major in the 2d Battalion of Duryee s Zouaves then forming, 
and, having satisfied Dr. Ferguson by reference and otherwise 
of his capabilities, he was enlisted by him on September 10, 
1862, and immediately was promoted to the rank of Hospital 
Steward, parallel with that of Sargeant-Major, and therefore 
one of the two ranking non-commissioned officers of the battalion. 

Steward Kimber was with the regiment on Staten Island and 
on the transport "Merrimac," which carried us to New Orleans. 
The second night out he was called upon by the ship s officers 


to be in attendance upon the second engineer, who had his arm 
crushed by the machinery, from that time until we reached 
Hilton Head, with the result that he was given quarters and 
rations by the ship instead of by the army during the whole 
voyage which, as most of the men will remember, was no small 
boon upon that thronged vessel. 

Passing on, after our experience at Camp Parapet and in 
the Louisiana Cotton Press, Steward Kimber proceeded with 
the regiment by steamer to Baton Rouge and in the march 
thence to Port Hudson. Within the last three years he has 
visited the locality of Plains Store, where General Banks first 
engaged the enemy, but only to find that within two or three 
years before that the store, which gave the name to the fight, 
had fallen down, as he moreover found at Port Hudson that the 
town had about disappeared and that there was no longer either 
railroad or port as the river had changed its course, leaving 
made ground for two miles in front of what had been the coast 
forts in Admiral Farragut s day, and that this made ground 
was thickly covered with great trees, so that thirty-eight years 
after the battle the topography had so changed that there 
could be no naval fight in that locality nor any occasion for the 
investment. The present landing is two miles down stream, 
and is known as Port Hickey, which place is of little import 
ance commercially, as the railroad from Jackson to the river 
has been entirely torn up and removed because it was super 
seded by several roads running North and South and touching 
the important interior towns formerly supplied by river trans 

As soon as the issue was joined in front of Port Hudson in 
May, 1863, Dr. Ferguson was detailed as the Chief Surgeon of 
D wight s Division Hospital, and Steward Kimber was detached 
from the regiment as his chief non-commissioned officer. It 
is not the purpose of this paper to recall the dreadful scenes 
after the principal attacks upon the enemy s works on May 27 
and June 14, 1863, where the operating tables were occupied 
day and night for weeks with but little intermission. The 
strain of the work in that hospital, together with the necessity 
for drinking surface-water, told on most of those who were 
on duty during that strenuous period, including both Surgeon 
Ferguson and his Hospital Steward. On the day of the sur 
render, July 8th, the Steward was sent to the rear for medical 

examination and discharge from the service. A detail of sur 
geons, headed by Dr. Sanger, of Maine, decided that Steward 
Kimber had contracted an incurable disease and recommended 
his immediate discharge. It transpired, however, that orders 
had been received from Washington that all discharges in the 
field should cease, and that in lieu thereof, where possible, fur 
loughs should be issued to the patients for sixty or ninety days. 
Such a furlough being handed to Steward Kimber, the Surgeon 
who gave it to him remarked, "Steward fchis will give you 
time to get home to die." He was carried on board the first 
up-river steamer, and on arriving at Port Hudson he crawled 
out to the guard-rail to bid the boys good-bye, but humanely 
speaking, thanks to the aged Surgeon of the 75th New York, 
who was being sent home nominally on recruiting service, who 
gave the sick man on board unremitting attention, Steward 
Kimber improved steadily and was able to make the journey 
alone by rail to New York from Cairo, 111. 

Arriving home on a Sunday morning, he was sufficiently 
recovered to proceed up the main street of Flushing (in heavy 
marching order), meeting on the way the congregation coming 
from one of the largest churches, with all of the members of 
which he was well acquainted but by none was he recognized, 
nor was he by his own mother when he met her a few minutes 
later, so greatly had his illness changed him. It was soon 
discovered, however, through the kind attention of Dr. James 
R. Wood, Dr. Ferguson s preceptor, that there had been a 
mistaken diagnosis. Suffice it to say that on the sixtieth day, 
just when his furlough expired, Steward Kimber reported for 
duty in New Orleans. The regiment was in the Bayou Teche 
country, and Dr. Ferguson, still on sick leave in the city, in 
duced the Medical Director, Dr. Brownell, of Connecticut, to 
order him to report for duty to Dr. Francis Bacon at the St. 
Louis Hospital. He was there assigned to the charge of the 
records as the lightest work that could be given him while 
regaining his strength. It was not long, however, before he 
was sought out by Dr. George A. KeiTer, the Medical Purveyor 
of the Department, as his chief assistant, and his detail was 
changed from the hospital to the Medical Purveyor s office. 
Here he remained until the regiment was ordered North, re 
porting for duty to Colonel Gouverneur C. Carr on the trans 
port when all were embarked. 


From that time forward, during all the marches and journey- 
ings of the 1 65th New York Volunteers, Hospital Steward 
Kimber was present for duty with his regiment at Fortress 
Monroe, Deep Bottom, in the Shenandoah Valley, at Fort Dela 
ware, and in Savannah and Charleston. He was mustered out 
with the regiment, being paid off with it at Hart s Island, New 
York Harbor, on September 9, 1865, filing out in the triumph 
ant march up Broadway from the Battery to the Arsenal at 
Thirty-seventh street, exactly three years under the flag. 

During his service, while detached in New Orleans, Steward 
Kimber having an oral license as lay-reader from Bishop Ho 
ratio Potter, of New York (which he had used on occasions while 
with the regiment), was called upon by the Rev. Wm. C. Hop 
kins, Department Chaplain, to visit the prisons and other insti 
tutions connected with the army, and by him was approached 
on the subject of studying for Holy Orders, which study, to 
meet Mr. Hopkins desire, he began with him. Steward Kimber 
had been baptized early in 1862 in the Episcopal Church at 
Flushing by the Rev. Dr. John Carpenter Smith, who, hearing 
what had occurred, said immediately "I always intended you 
for the Holy Ministry. Indeed I felt that I was, as it were, 
baptizing you for the dead, " (the Steward s mother having 
been a "Recommended Minister" of the Society of Friends 
and her work being done). 

Shortly after his discharge Mr. Kimber was regularly entered 
as a candidate for Orders in the Diocese of New York and studied 
under the Rev. Dr. Smith, before mentioned. At the close 
of 1868 the diocese of Long Island was set off and on the Friday 
in Lent, Ember-week, 1869, Bishop Littlejohn ordained him in 
St. George s Church, Flushing, it being the Bishop s first ordi 
nation. Mr. Kimber continued as assistant to his preceptor 
for several years. He had been lay-reading in the parish for 
the two or three years previous. From February, 1874, to No 
vember, 1876, Mr. Kimber was rector of the Church of the Resur 
rection, Richmond Hill. During his incumbency the first 
church was built and consecrated. His other duties, spoken 
of below, became too engrossing however for him to continue 
in parish work. 

Meanwhile, especially because he had a business education, 
he was elected by the Foreign Committee of the Board of Mis 
sions of the Episcopal Church in May, 1867, as assistant local 


secretary, to do the work of one who had become incapacitated 
by age and disease, but whom the committee did not wish 
should resign. Through all vicissitudes of life since that time, 
now thirty-nine years, Mr. Kimber has continued with the 
Board of Missions, at one time holding the office of assistant 
treasurer, at another of secretary for Foreign Missions, and 
again, by seniority in office, secretary of the Board of Man 
agers, until, in the beginning of 1886 (the Domestic and Foreign 
Departments of the Board having been consolidated) he was 
elected associate secretary, which position he has continued 
to hold until this time. 

He is now chaplain of the Veteran Association of his old 
regiment and of the Alfred M. Wood Post, No. 368, G. A. R., 
State of New York, one of the vice-presidents of the Society 
of the iQth Army Corps, and a member of the Society of the 
Army of the Potomac. Steward Kimber s likeness in full 
uniform, as a man of twenty-seven years and as he appears at 
present as a clergyman of the church, appeared in the last 
volume issued by this association. 




1. When battle s music greets our ears, 
Our guns are sighted at the foe, 
We ll nerve the arm and banish fears, 
And, Comrades, "touch the elbow." 

Chorus: Touch the elbow now, my boys, 
Comrades, touch the elbow! 
Nerve the arm and banish fears, 
And, Comrades, "touch the elbow." 

2. For home and country patriot fire 
Kindles our souls with fervent glow ; 
And Southern traitors shall retire 
When Northmen "touch the elbow." 

Chorus: Touch the elbow, etc. 

3. Though cannon-ball may plough the ranks, 
And through them cast its deadly blow, 
Fill up the space the ball makes blank. 
And, Comrades, "touch the elbow." 

Chorus: Touch the elbow, etc. 

4. Now show the stuff of which you re made; 
The general signal march, Hello! 

Now double the quick-step 26. Zouaves, 
Charge! Comrades, "touch the elbow!" 

Chorus: Touch the elbow, etc. 

The Battle of Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. Dedicated to the 
1 65th Regiment, 2d Duryee Zouaves, New York Volunteers. Music by 
Thos. Vaughn, Private, Co. E. 

The Angel of death is still hovering around, 

When the blood of our Zouaves has crimsoned the ground, 

On the field of Port Hudson how glorious the day, 

When the Turban and Fez shone in battle array, 

With excelsior our motto and God as our trust, ! 

We swore we would conquer or sink in the dust : 

Brave Colonel Smith that day led the van, 

Midst the havoc of death and the roaring of cannon. 

Here s a health, here s a health to the brave, 

Who for Union and Liberty fight : 
May the wreath they have won never fade, 

And the star of their glory forever shine bright. 


The war-blast was sounded, the onset was made, 

And the rebs in their stronghold with fear stood dismayed ; 

Then the gallant Zouaves bid defiance to all, 

And rushed on their batteries to conquer or fall. 

For Union, loved Union, we fight but for thee, 

Noble Republic, home of Sweet Liberty: 

May the star-gemmed banner flap its folds to the breeze, 

Forever and always o er land and o er seas. 

Charge, comrades, charge, see our flag proudly wave, 
Think not of death or the gloom of the grave ; ^ 
Charge, comrades, charge, for the foe is before us, 
And the sunshine of hope is now smiling o er us, 
For where there s a will there is always a way, 
Then Zouaves must conquer and yet gain the day : 
Hark, the tocsin of war now rings through the land, 
And death and destruction now go hand in hand. 

Now the legions of Davis dare us on to the fight, 

The conflict is raging and fearful the strife; 

Yet undaunted and brave like the Spartans of old, 

Rush the Zouaves to conquer the rebel s stronghold. 

Desperate and fierce does the battle now rage, 

The blood flows in torrents, the field strewed with dead; 

Still onward they go, no faltering was there, 

Though the groans of the dying had pierced through the air. 

Then a tear, a tear for the brave, 

Who gloriously fell in the fight : 

Now laid in a dark, chilly grave, 

While their soul seeks the mansions of light. 

Now the willow droops over the wound, 

Where the martyrs of Liberty lie ; 

And the pines of the forest resound 

As the night winds sweep mournfully by. 

Now the fireside of home is deserted, 

Where the little ones gamboled around ; 

By the loved ones now gone broken hearted, 

For him who now sleeps in the cold clammy ground, 

The battle is ended, life s fever is o er, 

Behold that red banner now streaming with gore; 

Tis the life blood of valor now drips from its folds, 

Tis the blood of our Zouaves, peace to their souls 



Remarks of President Abraham Lincoln when presenting 
to General Grant his commission as General-in-Chief of the 
Armies of the United States, and General Grant s reply. 

President Lincoln said: 

"General Grant, the nation s appreciation of what you have 
done, and its reliance upon you for what remains to be done 
in the existing great struggle, are now presented, with this 
commission constituting you Lieutenant-General in the Army of 
the United States. With this high honor devolves upon you, 
also, a corresponding responsibility. As the country herein 
trusts you so, under God, it will sustain you. I scarcely need 
to add that with what I here speak for the nation goes my 
own hearty concurrence." 

General Grant, in response, said: 

"Mr. President, I accept the commission w r ith gratitude 
for the high honor conferred. With the aid of the noble armies 
that have fought in so many fields for our common country, 
it will be my earnest endeavor not to disappoint your expecta 
tions. I feel the full weight of the responsibilities now devolv 
ing on me, and I know that if they are met it will be due to 
those armies, and, above all, to the favor of that Providence 
which leads both nations and men." 

WASHINGTON, D. C., March, 1864. 



Approved January 28, 1864. 

Joint resolution of thanks to Major-General Nathaniel P. 
Banks and the officers and soldiers under his command at Port 
Hudson, La. 

Approved May 30, 1866. 

Joint resolution expressive of the gratitude of the nation to 
the officers and soldiers and seamen of the United States by 
whose valor and endurance on land and sea the rebellion has 
been crushed. 

If there is anything which is within my power to give do 
not fail to let me know it, and now with a brave army and a 
just cause may God sustain you. 

Yours very truly, 


Note this ending of a note from Lincoln to Grant. 

As he was in 1862 

nel tf e thP Tfi a /th I S USt t ei t? v ^Unitfd States service Nov. 28, 1862 as Lieutenant-Colo- 
* , Mav 5 If /^ A l f" 2d 2 uryee r Zou aves, severely wounded at Port Hud 
son. LA., May 27, 1863, and died from effect of wounds June 23 :863 

As he was in 1862 while an officer in the 5th N. Y. Vols. 

Age 24 years, enrolled April 25, 1861, at New York City, mustered in as a ist Lieu 
tenant, Co. B, sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., Duryee Zouaves, May 9, 1861, promoted to Captain 
Sept. 3, 1861, honorably discharged Sept. 30, 1862, for promotion to Major i6sth Regt., 
N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, mustered in Nov. 28, 1862, wounded May 27, 1862, pro 
moted to Lieutenant-Colonel , wounded at the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, La., 
April 8, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865, died Sept. 23, 1889. 


Age 22, enlisted April 15, 1861, at N. Y. City, in the sth Regt., N. Y. Vol. Infantry 
Duryee Zouaves, and was mustered in as a Sergeant of Co. H. May 9, 1861, promoted* 
ist Sergeant July 20, 1861. and 2d Lieutenant Sept. 6, 1861, and ist Lieutenant of 
Co. D July 8, 1862. Wounded in action at Gaines Mills, Va., June 27, 1862, discharged 

oCpt., 1862. 

As he was in 1904 

Enlisted in the i6 S th Regt., N. Y. Vol. Infantry, 2 d Duryee Zouaves, as Captain of 
sA A D Sept V is, 1862 promoted Major Sept. 2 .1863, promoted Lieutenant-Colonel July 
1864, Breveted Brigadier-General March 13. 1865, resigned July 26, 1865. 

As he was in 1903 

Age 24 years, served as Assistant Surgeon May 21, 1861, S2d N. Y. Vol. Infantry, 
wounded in the leg at the first battle of Bull Run, taken prisoner and was exchanged 
Aug. 21, 1862, and Sept. 9, 1862 joined the i65th Regt.. X. V. Vols.. 2d Duryee Zouaves 
as Surgeon, commissioned Major, and assigned as Medical Director of the Department 
of the Gulf with rank as a Lieutenant-Colonel, and was honorably discharged March 
15, 1864.. died Jan. 6, 1904. 


As he was in 1897 

1 9th 

Virginia, honorably discharged Sept. 

As he was in 1890 

Age 35 years, enlisted as a Quartermaster-Sergeant Sept. 6, 1862 i6sth Regt . N. Y. 
Vols.. 2d Duryee Zouaves, promoted Quartermaster May 15, 1864 " honorably dis 
charged Sept. i. 1865. 

As he \vas in 1862 

Age 27, enlisted Sept. 10, 1862. as Hospital Steward of the i6sth Regt. N, Y. Vols., 
td Duryee Zouaves, and honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Color Guard, and Right and Left General Guides 


1 65th Regiment, New York Volunteers, 

2d Duryee Zouaves 


Co. C. Color Bearer, Corp. Daniel Dickinson, killed on the assault on 

Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. 
Co. C. Color Guard, Corp. John C. Champaign, killed on the assault on 

Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. 
Co. D. Color Bearer, Corp. Nels. Rosenstiner, killed on the assault on 

Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863 head blown off. 
Co. D. Color Guard, Corp. Theodore d Eschambault, killed on the 

assault on Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. 
Co. E. Color Guard, Corp. Frank Graham, killed on the assault on Port 

Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. 
Co. B. Color Guard, Maurice Cahill, mortally wounded (leg, arm, and 

fractured skull), died May 30, 1863. 
Co. D. Color Guard, Charles F. Scheible, badly wounded (compound 

fracture left thigh) on the assault on Port Hudson, La., May 27, 


Co. F. Color Bearers, Sergts. { Ma^rtTn Flaherty, } P romoted color bearers 
they brought the colors safely off the field after the assault on Port 
Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. Both are now dead. 

Co. E. Color Bearer, Sergt. John B. DuBois. 

Co. E. Color Bearer, Sergt. Henry N. Brown. 

Co. B. Color Bearer, Sergt. John Engel, wounded Cane River, La., 
April 23, 1864. 

Co. A. Color Guard, Corp. John A. Vanderbilt. 

Co. C. Color Guard, Corp. Peter Biegel. 

Co. D. Color Guard, Corp. Hiram Renoude. 

Co. F. Color Guard, Corp. David S. Collins. 

Co. E. Right General Guide, Sergt. Alexander S. Fosdick, mortally 
wounded on the assault on Port Hudson, May 27, 1863, grape 
shot compound fracture upper third of the right tibia, died from the 
wounds, Aug. 7, 1863. 

Co. E. Right and Left General Guide, Sergt. Andrew White, wounded 
June 29, 1863, at Port Hudson, La., and battle of Sabine Cross 
Roads, April 8, 1864, and brought both the guide flags safely off 
the field. 

Co. B. Right and Left General Guide, Sergt. Elbert O. Steves, taken 
prisoner on the assault on Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. Badly 
wounded, left arm, battle of Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 1864. 






The brave men who carried them are Sergeant Alex. S. Fosdick, Co. E, severely wounded 
by a grape shot on the assault at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, died from the effects 
of wounds Aug. 7, 1863. 

Sergeant Andrew White, Co. E, wounded June 29, 1863, at Port Hudson, wounded at 
the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 1864. 

Sergeant Elbert O. Steves, Co. B, badly wounded at the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, 
April 8 1864. 

As he was in 1861 

Age 10 years, enlisted July 18, 1861, at New York City, mustered in as private, G. 
I, July 2Q, 1861, to serve three years, promoted Corporal Feb. 20, 1862, dischargee 
to date Nov. 17, 1862, for promotion to 2d Lieutenant, Co. A, i6sth N. Y. Vols., 2d 
Duryee Zouaves, to date from Sept. 12, 1862, ist Lieutenant Aug. 28. 1863, to date 
from Jan. 13, 1863, Captain Jan. i, 1864, to date from July 13, 1863, Breveted Major 
1865, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

As he was in 1862 

Age 19 years, enlisted July 18, 1861, at New York City, mustered in as private Co. 
I. July 2 Q , !86r to serve three years, promoted Corpora) Feb. 20, ,862 discharged to 
date Nov. 17, 1862, tor promotion to 2d Lieutenant. Co. A i6sth N Y VolsT ad 
Duryee Zouaves to date from Sept. 12, 1862, ist Lieutenant Aug 28 
Jan. 13, 1863. Captain Jan. 
honorably discharged Sept. 

_ 1863,10 date from 

1864, to date from July 13, 1803, Breveted Major 1865 


As he is in 1905 


Co. A 
As he was in 1863 

Age 21 years, enlisted Sept. 5, 1862, as a private in Co. D, i65th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
2d Duryee Zouaves, promoted to Sergeant Nov. 28, 1862, promoted to 2d Lieutenant 
Sept. 15, 1863, to Co. A, and ist Lieutenant Aug. 20, 1864, wounded in the leg at the 
battle of Pleasant Hill April 9, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865, died Dec. 17, 

As he was in 1864 

Age 28 years, enlisted as a private March, 1864. Co. B, commissioned bv Hon 

1 S r f>: mo f ur - Governor of the State of New York, as 2 d Lieutenant, Co A Oct ; o 

Junt 186- P 27> 4 and WaS Pr VOSt Judge at Sav annah, Ga.. May and 


Co. A 
As he is in 1905 

As he was in 1865 

Age 19 years, enlisted as a private Aug. ig, 1862, Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d 
Duryee Zouaves, promoted to Corporal Sept. 5, 1862 to Sergeant Nov. 25, 1862. ist 
Sergeant Nov. i, 1863, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

IST SERGT., Co. A. As he is in 1905 

As he was in 1865 

Age 32 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 15, 1862, Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad 
Duryee Zouaves, promoted to Corporal Oct. i, 1862, and Sergeant Jan. 14, 1863, wounded 
at Port Hudson, La., June 29, 1863, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

P. S. Sergeant Donally has served with the regiment since its organization. I have 
always found him a ready] active, and intelligent non-commissioned officer. 

GOVERNOR CARR Lieutenant-Colonel. 


Co. A 
As he is in 1905 


Co. A 
As they were in 1862 

Age 1 8 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee 
Zouaves, Sept. 21, 1862, promoted Corporal Jan. i 1863, Sergeant Jan 9, 1865, honor 
ably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

Age 15 years, enlisted as a musician in Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee 
Zouaves, Sept. 10, 1862, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. A 
As he was in 1862 

Age 1 8 years, enlisted Sept. 15, 1862, as private Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols.. 2d 
Duryee Zouaves, promoted Corporal June 26, 1865, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. A 
As he is in 1905 


Co. A 
As he is in 1905 

Age 21 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 3, 1862, Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d 
Duryee Zouaves, promoted to Corporal, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. A 
As they were in 1863 

Age iSand 17 years, enlisted Sept. 15 and Sept. 18, 1862, Co. A, i6sth Regt., X. Y. 
Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, both honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

Private Lewis was the hero of the battle of Monetis Bluff, Cane River, La., April 23, 
1864. He forded the river up to his waist in advance of our army. 


Co. A 
As he is in 1905 

Co. A 

As he was in 1900 

As he was in 1862 

Age 18 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A, i^sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 26. Duryee 
Zouaves, Sept. 20, 1862, promoted Corporal and honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

As he is in 1905 

Age 18 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A. i6sth Regt. . N. Y. Vols. . 26. Duryee 
Zouaves, Sept. 12 1862 wounded at Ponchatoula La. March 24. 1863. honorably dis 
charged Sept. i 1865. 


Age 35 years, ei 
Duryee Zouaves, Aug. 

As he was in 1863 

enlisted as a private in Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d 
16, 1863, honorably discharged Sept. i. 1865, died at New Orleans, 

As he was in 1863 

Age 25 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols. 2d Duryee 
Zouaves, Jan. 8, 1863, wounded at the battle of Pleasant Hill April 9, 1864, and hon 
orably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. A 
As he is in 1905 


I s 



Military Record of the Group of Co. A, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee Zouaves 

George W. Broomhead, age 22 years, enlisted Sept. 16, 1862, as a private, Co. A, pro 
moted to Corporal April i, 1864, and Sergeant June 26, 1865, died Dec. 3, 1896. 

Charles M. Whitney, age 19 years enlisted Sept. 8 1862 as a private Co. A, pro 
moted Corporal May 20, 1865. 

Charles Carl or Carroll, age 19 years enlisted Oct. 27, 1862, as a private in Co. A 
wounded May 27, 1863, at Port Hudson, La. 

Josiah C. Dixon, age 18 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A, Sept. 21. 1862 promoted 
Corporal Jan. 1683, Sergeant Jan. 9, 1865. 

John Brady, age 19 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A Nov. 14, 1862 wounded at 
Ponchatoula, La., March 24, 1863. 

Richard Baker, age 18 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A Sept. 20 1862 promoted 
to Corporal. 

Albert N. White, age 23 years enlisted as a private in Co. A, Jan. 8 1863 promoted 
to Corporal Oct. 17, 1863, Sergeant May 20, 1865, died Dec. o, 1801. 

All honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

As he was in 1862 

Age 26 years, enlisted as a ist Lieutenant Oct. 27, 1862, Co. E, i6sth Regt., N. Y. 
Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, promoted to Captain, Co. B, Sept. n, 1863, honorably dis 
charged Sept. i, 1865, died June 18, 1868. 


Co. F 
As he was in 1862 

Age 22 years, enlisted as a private April 25, 1861, Co. F, 8th Regt., N. Y. S.M., dis 
charged Aug. 2, 1861. enlisted as a private Sept. 16, 1861, Co. . B , 53d N. Y. Vols., 
D Epinual Zouaves, discharged March 20, 1862, as a Sergeant in Washington, D. C., en- 

L) Epmual Anuavc s, aiscmirjjcu ^iciicii ^^, iou^, a^ .. - --p-~ , -- 

Ksted as a private Aug. 26, 1862, Co. B, i6 5 th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2 d Duryee Zouaves, 
romoted to ist Sergeant Aug. 2 6th, wounded at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, pro 
moted to 2d Lieutenant July 13, 1863, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. B 

Captain of the Uniformed Company 
As he was in 1904 

Age 22 years, enlisted as a private April 25, 1861, Co. F, 8th Regt., N. Y. S. M., dis 
charged Aug. 2, 1861, enlisted as a private Sept. 16, 1861, Co. B, 536. N. Y. Vols. 
D Epinual Zouaves, discharged March 20, 1862, as a Sergeant in Washington, D. C., en 
listed as a private Aug. 26, 1862, Co. B, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, 
promoted to ist Sergeant Aug. 26, 1862, wounded at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, 
promoted to 2d Lieutenant July 13, 1863, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865, now Cap 
tain of the Uniformed Comnanv. 


Co. B 
As he was in 1862 19 years, enlisted Sept., 1862, as a private in Co. B, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 26. 
Duryee Zouaves, promoted Sergeant Nov. 28, 1862, died April 16, 1863, at Camp Para 
pet, "La. 

As he was in 1862 

Age 21 years, enlisted Aug. 2, 1862, as a private in Co. B, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
2d Duryee Zouaves, promoted to Sergeant Nov. 28, 1862, and left and right General 
Guide and taken prisoner at the battle of Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863 escaped by 
digging and swimming, etc.; badly wounded in the left arm at the battle of babine Cross 
Roads April 8, 1864, honorably discharged Aug. 2, 1865. 


Co. B 
As he was in 1863 


Co. B 

As he is in 1905 
ist Lieutenant of the Uniformed Company. 


As he is in 1905 

Age 17, enlisted as a private of Co. B, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, 
pt. i, 1862, promoted Corporal Sept. 28, 1862, and Sergeant Sept. 27, 1863, and Color 
arer of the regiment 1864, and was wounded at the battle of Cane River, La., April 
23, 1864, and honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

Was mustered in with Co. C, of the 2d Battalion on Oct. 8, 1872, as private, served 
as such, then Sergeant, next ist Lieutenant, then Captain, and in 1897 was elected as 
Major of the 2d Battalion, 2d Regiment, N. G. N. J. 

Was mustered into service cf the United States for American and Spanish War on 
May 2, 1898 as Major of the ad Battalion, 2d Regiment of New Jersey, U. S. Vols. , mustered 
Out of United States service Nov. 1898. 

Whole term of service in National Guard from 1872 to 1899. 

As he was in 1862 

/vge 18 years, enlisted as a private in Co. B, Oct. 8, 1862, was a Sergeant March, 1864, 
wounded at the bat ! of Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. 
i, 1865. 


Co. B 
As he is in 1905 


As he was in 1862 

Age 17 years, enlisted as a private, Co. B, i6sth Regt.,N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee Zouaves. 
Sept. 30, 1862, wounded at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, honorably discharged Sept. 
i, 1865. 


Co. B 
As he is in 1905 


?M \ 


Co. B 
As he was in 1864 

Age 18 years, enlisted as a private Oct. 15, 1864, in Co. B, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
ad Duryee Zouaves, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. B 
As he is in 1905 


Co. C 
As he was in 1888 

Age 31 years, mustered in as a Captain in Co. C, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee 
Zouaves Sept. 22, 1862, commissioned Major Oct. 20, 1865, with rank from July 26, 1865, 
and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865, died March 4, 1889. 


Co. C 
As he was in 1862 

Age 17 years, enlisted as a private May 16, 1862, in Co. E, nth N. Y. S. M., Wash 
ington Rifles, discharged Sept., 1862, re-enlisted in Sept., 1862, for 5th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
Duryee Zouaves, transferred to Co. C, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves Sept. 
24, 1862, mustered in United States service Nov. 28, 1862, taken prisoner at Sabine Cross 
Roads, La., April 9, 1864, was captured on out picket post was confined at Camp Gross, 
Texas, exchanged on i2th day of Dec., 1864, and paroled Jan. 5, 1865, and was in St. 
Louis Hospital at New Orleans, La., until sth day of May, 1865, and returned to the regi 
ment, promoted to Color Corporal June 12, 1865, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. C 
As he is in 1905 

Sergeant of the Uniformed Company 


Co. C 
As he is in 1905 

As he is in 1905 

Age 14 years, enlisted as a private, Co. C, i65th Regt.,N. Y. Vols.. 2d Duryee Zouaves 
Se->t. 20, 1862, taken j risoner at battle of Sabine Cross Roads April 8. 1864 and ex 
changed Jan. 5. 1865. promoted Corporal June 22 1865 honorably discharged. 


Co. D 

As he was in 1862 

Age 25 years, enlisted as a private in Co. A. 7ist Regt., N. Y. S. M. April, 1861, re 
turned with the regiment AUK. i, 1861, went to the front again in 1862 as an Orderly 
Sergeant on his return, and enlisted Sept. 27, 1862, as a Captain in Co. D, i6sth Regt.. 
N. Y, Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, mustered in United States service Nov. 28, 1862, and 
promoted Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment Aug. 30, 1865, honorably discharged Sept. 
i. 1 86s. was later Breveted Colonel. 


As he was in 1880 

Died June 22, 1802 


Co. D 
As he is in 1905 

Age 23 years, enlisted as a private April 20, 1861, Co. H, 7ist Regt., N. Y. S. M., 
wounded at the battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861 discharged July 30, 1861, enlisted May 
28. 1862. Co. H, 7 1 . Regt.. X. Y. S. M., discharged Sept. 2 1862 enlisted Sept. 15, 1862, 
Co. D, 1 65th Regt. , N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, promoted Sergeant Dec. 2, 1862, 
honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 

As he was in 1887 

Enlisted under the name of Schultze, age 18 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 18. 1862, 
Co. D, 1 65th Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee Zouaves, wounded at Port Hudson May 27, 
1863, honorably discharged April u, 1864, died Sept. 29, 1897. 


Co. D 
As he is in 1905 

Age 21 years, enlisted as a private March 21, 1864, Co. D, i6$tn ]jlegt 
ad Duryee Zouaves, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. , * 

. y. 

As he was in 1863 

Age 23 years, enlisted April 25, 1861, at New York City, mustered in as a private. 
Co. K., 5th Regt. N. Y. Vols.. Duryee Zouaves, May 9. 1861, to serve *.wo years, promoted 
Corporal Aug. 5, 1861: Sergeant Nov. 21, 1861, discharged to date Sopt. ; r , i62 for 
promotion to Tst Lieutenant, Co. E, i6sth N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, and to Cap 
tain Oct. 12, 1862, wounded in the knee at Port Hudson, La., Vay 27, 1^63, honorably 
discharged Sept. i, 1865, as Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel of the reg ; ment,, (lied 


Co. E 
As he was in 1862 

Aj?e 1 8 years, enlisted as a private in 5th N. Y. Vols., Duryee Zouaves. AUR. n 
7862. mustered into United States service Nov. 28, 1862, in Co. E i6.sth Rest N Y 
Vols.. 2d Duryce. Zouaves, mustered in United States service as 2d Lieutenant, same 
company and regiment, to date May 31. 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


As he was in 1863 

Age 18 years, enlisted as a private in sth N. Y. Vqls., Duryee Zouaves. Aug. 13, 1862. 
mustered into United States service Nov. 28, 1862, in Co. E, i65th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
2d Duryee Zouaves, mustered in United States service as 2d Lieutenant, same com 
pany and regiment, to date May 31, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. E 
As he is in 1905 


Co. E 
As he was in 1862 

Age 18 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 5, 1862, Co. E, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 26. 
Duryee Zouaves, promoted Corporal Sept. and Sergeant Nov. 28, 1862, Right General 
Guide, wounded at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, died from the effect of wounds Aug. 
7. 1863. 


Co. E 
As he was in 1862 

Age 21 years, enlisted April 21, 1861, at New York City, and mustered in as a Corporal, 
Co. B, i 2th Regt., N. Y. S. M., under the command of Colonel Daniel Butterfield, into 
the United States service May 5, 1861, honorably discharged Aug. 15, 1861, enlisted in 
the sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., Duryee Zouaves, Aug. 9, 1862, and was transferred to Co. E, 
i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, Sept. 5, 1862, and mustered into United 
States service as Sergeant Nov. 28, 1862, wounded at the battle of Sabine Cross Roads 
April 8, 1864, honorably discharged July 15, 1864. 


Co. E 
As he is in 1870 


Co. E 
As he is in 1905 

Age 21 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 18, 1862, Co. E, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols 
ad Durvee Zouaves, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


As he was in 1862 

Age 26 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 7, 1862, Co. E, i6 5 th Regt., N. Y. Vols. ad 
Dur\-ee Zouaves, discharged and transferred to the Navy May 7, 1864, honorably dis 
charged June is. 1865. 


Co. E 
As he is in 1905 

As he was in 1866 

Age 30 years, enlisted Sept. 18, 1862, Co. F, i6 5 th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee 
Zouaves, resigned March 14, 1864, died April 30, 1902. 

As he was in 1862 

Age 22 years, enrolled and mustered in as 2d Lieutenant, Co. B, Sept. 15, 1862, in 
i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee Zouaves, mustered as ist Lieutenant in Co. F, May 12, 

1863, as Captain March 29, 1864, wounded at the battle of Pleasant Hill, La., April 9. 

1864, in the left ankle, honorably discharged account of wound Aug. 21, 1864. 


Co. F 
As he was in 1862 

Age 23 years, enlisted as a private June 2, 1861, Co. A, sth N. Y. Vols., Duryee Zou 
aves, promoted Corporal Sept. 10, 1861, Sergeant May 18, 1862, 2d Lieutenant July 
13, 1862 wounded at Gaines Mills, Va., June 27, 1862, promoted ist Lieutenant in Co. 
D, i65th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, Nov. 3, 1862, and Captain Co. F, Aug. 
31, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865, died Aug. 16, 1886. 

As he was in 1864 

Age 17 years, enlisted Sept. 7, 1862, as a private in Co. F, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
ad Duryee Zouaves, wounded at the battle of Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, honorably 
discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. F 
As he is in 1905 

Age 17 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 7, 1862, Co. F, i6sth Regt., X. Y. Vols., zd 
Duryee Zouaves, wounded at Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863, honorably discharged 
Sept", i, 1865. 


Commander of Vanderbilt Post No. 136. Grand Army of the Republic. Dept. N. Y. 
from Jan.. 1899, to Jan. 1905. Presented with a svvofd and firLt ^c!d bidge 01" the 
Veteran Association of the r6.sth Regt.. N. Y. Vols. 26. Duryee Zouaves by h-s comrades 
on Tuesday evening, Jan. 9, 1900 


Co. F 
As he was in 1862 

Age 1 8 years, enlisted as a private Sept. 3. i86, Co. F, i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad 
Duryee Zouaves, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. F 
As he is in 1905 

As he was in 1864 

Age 18 years, enlisted as a private in Co. F, i6sth Regt.. N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee 
Zouaves, Feb. 10, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865, and now one of the Trustees 
of our Veteran Association. 

As he was in 1864 

Age 19 years, enlisted as a private in Co. F, ifi.sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., 
Durvee Zouaves, Feb. 29, 1864, honorably discharged Sept. i, 1865. 


Co. F 
As he is in 1905 

1 65th Regt., N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves. Policeman in the 36th Precinct, Bor 
ough ot the Bronx, N. Y. City 2d Lieutenant of the Uniformed Company. 


Our Tried and True Friend 


As he was in 1862 

Our Loyal Friend 

As he is in 1905 

Charles H. Raymond, ist Lieutenant Co. A (Albany Zouave Cadets), 17 7th Regt., 
N. Y. Vols. (loth Regt., N. Y. N. G.). 

Sailed from New York, Dec. 2, 1862, on the transport "Merrimac" with his regiment 
and the i6sth N. Y. Vols., 2d Duryee Zouaves, Colonel Abel Smith, Jr., commanding, 
to New Orleans, La. 

Was Brigade Adjutant, 3d Brigade, 2d Division, iQth Armv Corps, the brigade in 
which this Zouave Regiment served during the siege of Port Hudson, La. 

Carried the brigade flag with guard of orderlies in the charge on the 2-jth of May, 
1863, and came off the field with the detachment of Zouaves bearing the wounded body 
of Colonel Abel Smith and their regimental colors. 

Was the first elected Honorary Member of this Veteran Association. 

As he is in 1905 

Author of the Assault on Port Hudson, La., May 27, 1863. 

Honorary member of the Veteran Association i6sth Regt., N. Y. Vols., ad Duryee 


Brevet Colonel U. S. Volunteers, Brigadier-General and Judge-Advo 
cate General, State of N. Y., 1883-86. 
Honorary Member of the Veteran Association i6sth N. Y. Vols.. ad Duryee Zouavta. 














GEORGE C. HUBBARD, Jr., deceased 
Comrade CHARLES D. RICHMOND, deceased 

Col. C. W. THOMAE 



165TH REGT., X. Y. VOLS. 



SEPT. 1862 

SEPT. 1865 








:st Vice-President FIRST SERGT. Co. A Hox. JOHN FLEMING. 
2d V ice-President LIEUT. HANSON C. GIBSON 
Corresponding Secretary JOHN A. MURRAY 
Recording Secretary HENRY BLOCH 
Sergeant-at-Arms PETER BIEGEL 




ist Lieutenant ELBERT O. STEVES 
2d Lieutenant LOUIS SCHMIDT 

ist Sergeant THOMAS S. BREAST 





Gen. Felix Agnus ; .. 

Quartermaster Raymond T. Stan- 
Hospital Steward, Rev. Joshua Kimber 


Major, Charles A. Walker Private, Jas. L. Purdy 

Lieut. Hanson C. Gibson Daniel Gildersleeve 

Orderly Sergt., Hon. John Fleming 4f Victor M. Gabrielle 

Sergt., Josiah C. Dixon " David Lewis 

Color Corp., John A. Vanderbilt " William Leggett 

Corporal, John J. Clancy " Alexander McGahy 

James McCafferty John H. Pritchard 

Richard Baker David R. Spence 

Private John Brady Elias H. Tucker 

James E. Barker " John Reilly 

Peter S. Beaucamp Jas. E. Craft 

Charles Carroll " George A. Metzel 
Geo. A. Hussey 


^<ieut., Matthias Johnston 

Lieu,., William H. Vance Private, Hugh Graham 

Orderly Sergt., Theodore Hatfield " William House worth 

Color Sergt. John Engel Andrew Hoffman 

Sergt., Elbert O. Steves " Morris Jacobs 

Lewis Raite John McClain 

Corporal, Joseph Sutlieff Horace Rappalyea 

Robert Z. Bennett David S. Rickhow 

James Watson Theodore L. Mitchell or Michel 

Private, James Burns " William Rooney 

Joseph Bell John A. Voorhees 

John G. Shirley " Chas. G. Hughes 

Chas. Heim Wm. G. Sanger, or Chas. A. Holburt 

Thas. A. Holburt " Oscar C. Jackson 
Patrick Dwyer 


Lieut., Gustaves F. Linquist 

Lieut. William T. Sinclair Private, Michael Dowd 

Sergt. Hon. Lauritz M. Langt Bernard Hyslei 

John Newert Austin B. Goldsmith 

Christopher B. Moore Daniel E. Hammond 

Color Corporal Peter Biegel Lewis E. Hammond 

Corporal, Halsey D. Williamson " William T. Hammond 

Luther M. Tuthill Anthony Houser 

Corporal Jos. L. Mitchell or Michel Daniel T. Tuthill 

Theo. A. Joseph " Leander Terry 

Private John Coffee " Wm. H. Rosevelt 

Wm. G. Bell George W. Rumbles 


Lieut. Walter T. Hall Private, John Gallery 
Orderly Sergt., Wm. H. Uckele " Geo. Hutty 

Sergt., Rufus C. Kemp " Michael L. Luther 

David M. Freligh William Schramm 

Corporal, Hiram Renoude " Thomas Austin 

Christopher C. Flick Henry Bloch 

John Butcher David G. Boyle 

Sergt., John Maxwell Drummer, John Scannell 
" John Schramm " John Davis 

Robert Welch 


Lieut. Abraham G. Mills 

Lieut., E. Bayard Webster Private, Theodore Griffith 

Color Sergt., Henry N. Brown " Samuel Gelston 

" " John DuBois " Stephen H. Gillen 

Sergt., John L. Burke James Henderson 

C. Ward Varian Samuel J. Jones 

1 Thos. S. Breast Thomas Jones 

Corporal, James J. Lawley " Alfred Moore 

John Me Adams " William B. Price 

Joseph Fishbourne Burchard Seekamp 

Henry R. Loomis John F. Capen 

Private, John McDonald Francis Gray 
" John Crunnit 

Lieut., James B. Vose 

Lieut., William H. Lourie Private, Thomas Lockwood 

Color Corp., David S. Collins " Patrick Muldowney 

Corporal, Joseph Hughes John A. Murray 

Private, Lewis K. Dunham " Alexander Merritt 

Louis DeCondres Joseph A. Sullivan 

" Chas. L. Hughes " Louis Schmidt 

George F. Jackson Samuel Wyckoff 

Isadore Phillips 


Col. Chas. H. Raymond Charles S. Stephenson 

Gen. Horatio C. King William W. Stephenson 

Col. Wm. S. Cogswell George G. Stephenson 

Col. Jas. D. Bell Rev. Robert B. Kimber 

Col. Daniel Simmons Van E. Hubbard 

Joseph Mills Hanson Major William Ferguson 

William E. Ferguson Dr. Henry A. Ferguson 
Col. C. W. Thomae 

Dear Comrauc 

If you know of any comrades of our regiment who are not members 
of our Veteran Association make every effort you can to get them to 
attend to our meetings, as they are eligible for membership, and also 
get their names, addresses and company. You are also requested 
when you know or hear of a death of any comrade to please notify at 
at once. 

Kindly notify of any change in your address. 

Yours respectfully, 

U. S. Assay Office, 
32 Wall St., 

N. Y. City. 


Our President 


Co. E 
As he is in 1905 

Our first Vice-President 


Our second Vice-President 

Co. A 1905 

Our Chaplain 


Our Secretary 

Co. F 1905 

Our Recording Secretary 

Co. D 1905 

Our Treasurer 

Co. A 1905 

Our Trustee 

Co. F 1905 

Our Sergeant-at-arms 

Co. 01905 

Memorial 2>ap parade 

May 30, 1903, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The Uniformed Company of the Veteran Association i65th Regiment, 
New York Volunteers, 26. Duryee Zouaves, as escort to Abel Smith Post, 
No. 435, G. A. R., named after the illustrious soldier Lieutenant-Col 
onel Abel Smith, Jr., who fell mortally wounded while leading us in 
that bloody charge on the rebel breastworks at Port Hudson, La., 
Wednesday, May 27, 1863. 

Commander of the post is comrade William B. Price, of Co. E, of our 
old regiment. 


Under the command of Captain Matthias Johnston 

ist Lieutenant, Elbert O. Steves 

Chaplain, Rev. Joshua Kimber 

Orderly Sergeant, Thos. S. Breast 

Color Bearers, Chas. L. Hughes, Joseph Fishbourne 

Right General Guide, John L. Burke 

Left General Guide, Corporal John A. Vanderbilt 

Sergeant, Peter Biegel 

Thomas Lockwood 
John A. Murray 

Corporal, David S. Collins 

James Henderson 

Richard Baker Patrick Muldowney 

Henry Bloch William Orr 

William G. Bell William B. Price 

John Butcher John Reilly 

James Burns Frederick Rader 

David G. Boyle Joseph A. Sullivan 

Charles Carroll Louis Schmidt 

Lewis Dunham John A. Voorhees 

Samuel Gelston Halsey D. Williamson 

George F. Jackson 



Departed this life March 4 1880 




In trying to look through the history of more than thirty years to 
depict the character of a closely united friend, how hard it is coolly to 
review the past, and from heartfelt recollections analyze the virtues 
and spread out a picture of the man. 

William W. Stephenson entered the Freshman Class of the University 
of New York, in 1850. Of an amiable, affectionate, but denned char 
acter, genial without self-assertion, he commanded the love, esteem, 
and respect of his fellow students as well as of the professors. 

He was a good scholar and universally popular. As orator of the 
Junior Exhibition on March 31, 1853, he delivered an address on "The 
Sphere and Influence of Women," treating the subject in a delicate, high- 
minded manner, showing unusual insight and tender appreciation of 
such influences. 

While at college he was a member of the Eucleian Literary Society, 
and in after years became Secretary of the Alumni Association, at the 
annual meetings of which he held this office for twelve years. 

He was a graduate in 1854, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts; 
and at the commencement held at Niblo s Garden on June 2pth of that 
year, he delivered an address on "Turkey, her Reforms and her Future 
Destiny." In this speech he espoused the cause of a weak nation, aspir 
ing to higher purposes, but threatened by the overpowering force of 
Russia. The subject was handled in an earnest, masterly way, and 
received the favorable comments of the newspapers. 

In 1856 Stephenson entered the law school of Albany, receiving from 
that institution the degree of Bachelor of Laws. His Alma Mater con 
ferred upon him at about the same time the degree of Master of Arts. 

Returning to the city of New York, he entered the law office of the 
well-known firm of Brown, Hall & Vanderpoel. In 1861 he and I formed 
a co-partnership for the practice of law at No. 240 Broadway, which, 
however, was not of long duration; for in those thrilling times when 
personal interests were lost sight of in the threatening signs of coming 
war, Stephenson s earnest and patriotic spirit became impatient of the 
restraints of business, and with the ;th Regiment of the New York 


Militia, he enlisted for ninety days, and went to the scene of action. On 
his return from this short but eventful campaign he recruited a com 
pany, mostly of Long Island men from Orient, and was commissioned 
as Captain of Co. C of the i65th Regiment (26. Duryee Zouaves.) 

It is needless to dwell upon his military career as it is well known to 
all the members of the Association, his fearless spirit, his thoughtful 
care for others, the simple "camaraderie" of his nature made him a 
good soldier and officer. 

After the close of the war Colonel Stephenson still kept up his active 
interest in public affairs. Although strongly devoted to the principles 
of his party, his liberality of mind made him tolerant of the opinions 
of his opponents, and his political views were those of a statesman ever 
looking to the ultimate good of his state and country. His earnest 
ness even as a partisan won the appreciation and respect of those op 
posed to him. In this spirit he served a double term in the Legislature 
at Albany, having been elected a member of the Assembly from Kings 
County in 1877 and again in 1879. 

Stephenson loved country and country life. Strong in his local as 
well as social attachments, Stephenson formed associates and interests 
at the village of Orient that continued steadfast and unchanged through 
life. The old-fashioned hamlet on the narrow point of land that divides 
the beautiful Gardiner s Bay from Long Island Sound, whose people are 
descendants of old English and New England stock, living in homes 
that have come down through fathers and sons from the first settlers, 
was an old whaling port when kerosene was not, and here Stephenson 
made his summer home for years. Free from the conventionalities of 
city life, his open, sympathetic nature harmonized with the surroundings, 
and, whether sitting in the country store discussing village affairs with 
the neighbors, or on the water in his sailboat, he was equally at home. 

This gift of adaptability, arising from his unselfish, natural interest 
in outward things, gained esteem as well as influence. This was shown in 
the alacrity with which the Orient men joined the company he recruited 
frjm their ranks during the war. Into all the enjoyments of country 
life he entered with reasonable zest, but all his pleasures were shared 
by others. 

William W. Stephenson was a man of more than ordinary ability 
and capable of great deeds," so called, had necessity spurred him into 
more active exertions. Fortunately situated as to worldly means, his 
equable, easy, contented mind, his delicate feelings, his simple tastes, 
and absence of self-love, prevented him from being an ambitious man. 
The characteristic features of his mind were wide Catholicism and 
brotherly humanity. He made the interests and concerns of others 
his own. Generous and helpful not impulsively, but with thoughtful 
care and trouble, he took upon himself, as a matter of course, the burdens 
of a friend. 

No failure of kindly plans through faults of recipients, or even in 
gratitude, seems to have been able to destroy his friendly feelings for 
anyone whom he had once esteemed. A promise made by him he 
always held sacred, however circumstances had altered the conditions. 


Stephenson was slow to notice or to resent petty slights or injuries to 
himself; but his indignation was readily aroused at meanness or in 
justice toward others, and then he boldly espoused the cause of the 
injured. He was a tender husband and devoted father. His warm 
heart and sympathetic temperament made him delight in the com 
panionship of his children, and they found in him an ever ready play 

In losing Stephenson the Veteran Association has lost a comrade, 
who was an unconscious influence for good to all with whom he came 
into intimate contact, disclosing to others the charm of simple pleas 
ures, inducing brighter, sunnier views of life, broadening their sym 
pathies and illustrating in him that true happiness is found in forget- 
fulness of self. 

His life has been marked by faithful, conscientious discharge of 
duty, both as a soldier and a citizen. He leaves to his family a record 
in which they may take a just pride; to his comrades the pleasant mem- 
ory of faithful service. You, his old comrades, manifested your affection 
and regard for him by your presence in the old uniform and the march to 
Greenwood, where the thrice-repeated roll of the muffled drum and the 
clang of volleyed musketry over his grave were answered by the sad 
tones of the bugle, which spoke with reluctant lips the soldiers last 



Departed this life Jar. 6. 1904 




Headquarters: 69th Regiment Armory 

Cor, Seventh Street and Third Avenue 

NEW YORK, January 13, 1904. 

Desirous to give expression to our profound grief at the death of 
out dearly beloved President and Comrade in Arms, Colonel James 
F. Ferguson, who died at his home in Central Valley, N. Y., on Wed 
nesday the sixth of January, 1904, we the members of the Veteran 
Association of the One Hundred and Sixty-fifth Regiment of New York 
Volunteer Infantry, Second Duryee Zouaves, inscribe upon our records 
the following 

/l&emorial : 

When we left our homes in 1862 to serve in the trying campaign of 
the Department of the Gulf, Major James F. Ferguson was the senior 
Surgeon of our regiment. He had previously been Assistant Surgeon 
of the 82d New York Volunteer Infantry, and served with that regi 
ment in the first battle of Bull Run, where he was wounded and taken 
prisoner while bravely devoting himself to the care of the wounded of 
his regiment. Being subsequently exchanged, he was honorably dis 
charged in August, 1862, and in September of the same year was com 
missioned Major and Surgeon of our regiment. No regiment ever had 
a more capable medical officer or a more skilled surgeon. The health, 
welfare and comfort of the men under his care were his constant study 
and unceasing thought. To the sick his medical ability and cheerful 
presence brought encouragement and relief, and to the wounded his 
prompt and energetic surgical skill made straight the path to restora 
tion where recovery was possible. He loved our regiment and its mem 
bers as if they were his brethren or his children, and from the day of 
our entering its service until the hour of his lamentable death, his interest 
in the original and the veteran organizations of the 2d Duryee Zouaves 
was active, undeviating and devoted. 


For many years he has been the honored President of our Veteran 
Association, and his good deeds survive him in our loving memories. 
His courage and high soldierly character as an officer, his great pro 
fessional acquirements, his nobility as a man, his fidelity as a comrade 
will be always cherished in our affectionate remembrances. Fraternity, 
loyalty, charity, were the guides to his actions; conscience and a sense of 
duty directed his thoughts; there was a cheerful kindliness in his life 
which lighted not only his own pathway but shed its precious beams 
upon the way of all who were near and dear to him. 

A grateful country has recorded the military services of Colonel 
James F. Ferguson and the engagements in which he took part. 







During the siege of Port Hudson, Surgeon Ferguson was attached 
to the Medical Staff of the second division, Nineteenth Army Corps. 
His efficient and untiring labors in the field hospital on the 2jth day of 
May, the day made famous by the gallant and bloody charge of our 
regiment upon the Confederate lines, will not be forgotten while a soldier 
lives to honor his memory. 

We inscribe this Memorial upon our Minutes and send a copy of it 
to the surviving members of Colonel Ferguson s family with the assur 
ances of our heartfelt sympathy in their bereavement and of our own 
sad part in the mutual loss of a beloved companion and a noble friend. 



HON. JOHN FLEMING, ist Sergt. Co. A. 


TO * 202 Main Library 








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