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Full text of "A secret negociation with Charles the first, 1643-1644"

REESE LIBRARY 

OK THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 



Received- .. ..... . ^/fj.tlie^. , 188..^ 

Accessions No. 3y'_/~fY) Shelf No. . 



THE OAMDEN MISCELLANY, 

VOLUME THE EIGHTH: 

I 

CONTAINING 

FOUR LETTERS OF LORD WENTWORTH, AFTERWARDS EARL OF 
STRAFFORD, WITH A POEM ON HIS ILLNESS. 

MEMOIR BY MADAME DE MOTTEVILLE ON THE LIFE OF HEN- 
RIETTA MARIA. 

PAPERS RELATING TO THE DELINQUENCY OF LORD SAVILE, 
1642-1646. 

A SECRET NEGOCIATION WITH CHARLES THE FIRST, 1643-1644. 

A LETTER FROM THE EARL OF MANCHESTER ON THE CONDUCT 
OF CROMWELL. 

LETTERS ADDRESSED TO THE EARL OF LAUDERDALE. 
ORIGINAL LETTERS OF THE DUKE OF MONMOUTH. 
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE FAMILY OF HADDOCK 1657-1719. 

LETTERS OF RICHARD THOMPSON TO HENRY THOMPSON, OF 
ESCRICK, CO. YORK. 




PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 

M.DCCC.LXXXIII. 



WESTMINSTER: 

PRINTED BY NICHOLS AND SONS, 
25, PARLIAMENT STREET. 



[NEW SEIUES xxxi.] 



COUNCIL OF THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 

FOR THE YEAR 1882-3. 



President, 

THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF VERULAM, F.R.G.S. 

J. J. CARTWRIGHT, ESQ., M.A., Treasurer. 

WILLIAM CHAPPELL, ESQ., F.S.A. 

F. W. COSENS, ESQ., F.S.A. 

JAMES E. DOYLE, ESQ. 

REV. J. WOODFALL EBSWORTH, M.A., F.S.A. 

JAMES GAIRDNER, ESQ. 

SAMUEL RAWSON GARDINER, ESQ., Director. 

J. W. HALES, ESQ., M.A. 

ALFRED KINGSTON, ESQ., Secretary. 

CHARLES A. J. MASON, ESQ. 

THE EARL OF POWIS, LL.D. 

EVELYN PHILIP SHIRLEY, ESQ., M.A. (the late) 

REV. W. SPARROW SIMPSON, D.D., F.S.A. 

WILLIAM JOHN THOMS, ESQ., F.S.A. 

J. R. DANIELL-TYSSEN, ESQ., F.S.A. (the late). 



The COUNCIL of the CAJUDEN SOCIETY desire it to be under- 
stood that they are not answerable for any opinions or observa- 
tions that may appear in the Society's publications ; the Editors 
of the several Works being alone responsible for the same. 



A SECEET NEGOCIATION 



WITH 



CHAELES THE FIRST 

1643-1644. 



EDITED, 

FROM THE TANNER MSS. IN THE BODLEIAN LIBRARY, 

BY 

BERTHA MEEITON GARDINER, 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 

M.DCCC.LXXXIII. 



PREFACE. 



The following documents, from the Tanner Collection of MSS. 
in the Bodleian Library, are especially interesting ; in the first 
place, because so far as we know they contain the first overtures 
ever made to Charles in which the practice of religious toleration 
was proposed as means of effecting a settlement able to satisfy the 
bulk of the nation ; in the second, because they help to explain 
how it was that the Independents, who at the beginning of the 
Civil war were few in number and unpopular, had become in 
1645 a numerous and powerful party. Their proposal for the 
re- establishment of Episcopacy with a new set of bishops and 
toleration for those who wished to remain outside the Established 
Church, had the support of large numbers of persons, who had been 
converted into enemies of bishops by ceremonial innovations and 
the system of Church government upheld by Laud, but who had 
no theoretic or theological objections either to the service of the 
English Church or to Episcopacy, and to whom the idea of sub- 
mission to the galling yoke of the Presbyterian Church was as 
distasteful as to the Independents themselves. 

The outline of the story of the negociation is as follows : A certain 
Captain or, as he is sometimes called in these papers, Major Thomas 
Ogle, a prisoner in Winchester House, conceived the idea that those 
whom he terms " moderate zealous Protestants" and Independents 
might be induced to combine together and defend the royal cause, 
in order to prevent the establishment of a Presbyterian Church in 



11 PREFACE. 

England, which appeared to be imminent, in consequence of the recent 
acceptance of the Solemn League and Covenant. He wrote a letter 
(No. 1) to the Earl of Bristol, who had at that time great influence with 
Charles, urging his views at length, and at the same time inclosed 
a paper containing six propositions (No. 2), representing the terms 
on which both Independents and moderate Protestants would be 
ready to support the King. Ogle wrote this letter on Oct. 17, 
1643, but it did not leave London till the 24th of the following 
month : it was then sent to Oxford through Lieutenant-Colonel 
Mosely, one of the officers of the garrison of Aylesbury, and 
delivered into Bristol's hands on Dec. 2. Ogle says in this letter 
that as proof of good faith Aylesbury should be delivered up to 
the King's forces ; and it seems probable that it was through him 
that Mosely was engaged to enter into the transaction. Ogle also 
informed Bristol that if "the King would send a warrant ordering 
the keeper of Winchester House prison, Thomas Devenish, to set him 
at liberty, the order would be complied with. The exact time at 
which Ogle's plans were betrayed does not appear, but it is certain 
that Mosely and Devenish were prepared to give information before 
Ogle's letter to Bristol left London. Copies were made both of it 
and the Propositions, and were exhibited to some members of 
Parliament in all probability before Nov. 24. Mosely at some 
previous date, or when he forwarded Ogle's letter and the pro- 
positions, must have written to Bristol, for the first letter of his to 
Bristol which is in our possession (No. 3), dated Dec. 6, is clearly 
not the first communication that he had had with the Earl. 
Bristol had no knowledge of Ogle, but complied with his requests, 
forwarding a warrant to Devenish to set him at liberty, also a safe 
conduct with a blank left for the insertion of names, and further, a 
bill of exchange for 100Z. to enable him to pay his expenses and 
make his way to Oxford. These documents were all forwarded to 
Mosely at Aylesbury, and taken by him to London, where they 



PREFACE. Ill 

were examined by Lord Wharton, Gerard, and Clotworthy on 
Dec. 11. Ogle was afterwards suffered to escape 8 and go to 
Oxford, where he arrived on Jan. 3, and received an encouraging 
reception both from Bristol and the King. From Oxford, besides 
writing to Devenish, Ogle wrote to the Independent ministers, 
Goodwyn and Nye, who were members of the Assembly of Divines, 
then sitting in London, urging on them to come to Oxford, and 
informing Nye that the King was prepared to make him his 
chaplain. 

Unfortunately the whole of the correspondence relating to this 
affair is not in the Tanner Collection. It appears, however, from 
the entries in the Journals, that Devenish wrote to Bristol offering to 
betray Windsor Castle, and that the Earl replied, approving of the 
design and sending to him a royal warrant to raise 200 men under 
his son's command to put into that garrison. b Charles also wrote a 
letter to Mosely, shortly before the royal forces marched against 
Aylesbury, in which he instructed him, in case the plan of surrender 
failed, to blow up the powder magazine. On Sunday night, Jan. 
21, in spite of a heavy fall of snow, the royalists approached the 
town, but only to find that they were deceived, and to withdraw 
again to Oxford with the loss of many lives in consequence of the 
inclement weather. Those who had cognizance of the negociation 
doubtless had allowed it to continue so long with the object of 
getting the better of the King, but it was not possible that Charles 

* Ogle was son-in-law to Peter Smart, former prebendary of Durham Cathedral 
(see No. 13, note). On Dec. 28 Smart petitioned the House of Lords that his son 
Ogle might be at liberty to go abroad with a keeper, as in consequence of his 
imprisonment he cannot prosecute or prepare for the hearing of his cause. L. J. 
vol. vi. p. 355. On Jan. 6 is the further entry : " That whereas this House ordered 
that Captain Ogle should have liberty to go abroad with a keeper to solicit for Mr. 
Smart in his business, the said Ogle is ran away." L. J. vol. vi. p. 367. 

b C. J. vol. iii. p. 378. The King also wrote a letter to Devenish, dated Jan. 12. 
L. J. vol. vi. p. 394. 

* L. J. vol. vi. p. 394. C. J. vol. iii. p. 378. 



IV PREFACE. 

should be longer hoodwinked, and on Jan. 26 Lord Wharton 
brought the affair before the notice of the House of Lords. 

Like most conspirators, Ogle immensely overrated his own im- 
portance and underrated the difficulties in the way of the execution 
of his plans. But it is none the less probable that the propositions 
which he forwarded really represented the views of those whose 
spokesman he declared himself to be. He informed Bristol that 
they were drawn up by the advice of some of the principal men on 
each side, and there is no reason for doubting his word on this 
point. It is evident from his letters to Goodwyn and Nye that he 
was personally acquainted with both of them, and it is of course 
possible that men too honourable and too far-sighted to enter into 
treasonable plots for the betrayal of garrison towns may yet have 
been willing in the first instance to take advantage of Ogle's 
overtures in order to discover whether there was hope that Charles 
would ever be ready to make peace on terms acceptable to them. 
There is besides reason for concluding that the Parliament felt more 
uneasiness than it cared to confess, since in opposition to the usual 
practice in such cases as little publicity as possible was given to the 
details of the negociaticn. No advantage whatever could be gained 
by spreading abroad such intelligence as that the Independents and 
Brownists had drawn up a very high and daring petition, threaten- 
ing if the Scots covenant were forced upon them to lay down their 
arms; a a fact hitherto so well concealed that no notice of it had 
appeared in any of the numerous papers and pamphlets published 
on either side. 

At the same time that Charles through the Earl of Bristol was 
negociating with Ogle, through Lord Digby, Bristol's son, he was 
carrying on a second negociation with other persons in London. b 
This negociation was discovered and made public (Jan. 6) about 
three weeks before information concerning Ogle's plans was laid 
* See p. 5. b Referred to by Ogle, No. 23. 




PREFACE. 

before Parliament ; and the different course pursued on the 
two occasions reveals how differently the Parliament felt itself 
affected by the two transactions. Two Roman Catholics, Sir Basil 
Brooke and Colonel Read, a endeavoured to prevail on various 
influential men in the city to enter into a plan of engaging the 
Corporation of London to present peace propositions to Charles. 
The desire for peace that existed in London as well as the national 
jealousy of the Scots were the levers by aid of which the contrivers 
hoped to effect their design. Thomas Violet, a goldsmith, who had 
been imprisoned for refusing to pay a tax imposed by the Parlia- 
ment, and Theophilus Riley, the scout-master of the city, both took 
part in the business, and Violet, as well as an under-agent "Wood, 
conveyed letters from Digby and Read b at Oxford to Riley and 
Brooke in London. Hints of the design were made to various 
persons known to be desirous of speedily bringing the war to an 
end, Alderman Gibbes, Sir David Watkins, and others. Sir David 
Watkins appears at once to have given information to certain 
members of the House of Commons. Both Violet and Riley, when 
examined, denied that it had been their intention to engage the 
city to act independently of the Parliament ; but from the evidence 
brought before it the Parliament was perfectly justified in con- 
cluding that the King's object was to inveigle the Corporation to 

* Bead, a Scotchman by birth, was a Boman Catholic, and had held the charge 
of lieutenant-general in Strafford's army in Ireland. The revolted Irish had 
employed him to negociate for them with the Lords Justices, but on his arrival at 
Dublin he was seized and racked. He was afterwards sent to London along 
with Lord Maguire and MacMahon (see No. 3, note). History of the Irish 
Confederation and War in Ireland 1641-1643, edited by John T. Gilbert, vol. i. 
pp. 77, 78. 

b Biley made use of his influence as scout-master of the city to obtain Bead's 
release, representing him to have been a Captain Bead, made prisoner in England, 
and getting him exchanged for a Parliamentarian prisoner at Oxford. Biley also 
effected the release of Violet. "A Cunning Plot to Divide and Destroy the Par 
liament and the City of London," King's Pamphlets, E. 2 ^ 9 . 



VI PREFACE. 

enter into a negociation with himself at Oxford, and to recognize 
the Assembly which was to meet at that town on Jan. 22 as the 
lawful Parliament of England. A letter, of which the first draft 
had been made in London by Violet, Brooke, and Riley, was written 
by the King, and addressed " To our trusty and well beloved our 
Lord Mayor* and Aldermen of our city of London, and all other our 
well-affected subjects of that city." This was committed to the 
care of Brooke, with instructions to cause its presentation or not, 
accordingly as he should think fit. 
After a preamble the letter ran : 

Being informed that there is a desire in some principall persons of that city to 
present a petition to us, which may tend to the procuring a good understanding 
between us and that our city, whereby the peace of the whole kingdom may be 
procured, we have thought fit to let you know that we are ready to receive any such 
petition, and the persons who shall be appointed to present the same to us shall 
have a safe conduct. And you shall assure all our good subjects of that city whose 
hearts are touched with any sense of duty to us, or of love to the religion and laws 
established .... that we have neither passed any act, nor made any pro- 
fession or protestation for the maintenance and defence of the true Protestant 
religion and the liberties of the subject, which we will not most strictly and 
religiously observe, and for the which we will not be alwaies ready to give them any 
security can be desired. And of these our gracious letters we expect a speedy 
answer from you. And so we bid you farewell. Given at our Court at Oxford, in 
the 19 year of our raign, 26 Dec. 1643. 

Propositions were agreed on between Read, Riley, Violet, and 
Brooke, fit to serve as a basis for negociation. According to 
Brooke's evidence they were as follows : 

(1.) That the city might be satisfied that the King would settle the Protestant 
religion, for without that neither the Parliament nor city would admit any treaty. 

(2.) That the debts contracted upon the public faith, on either side by King or 
Parliament, should be satisfied, and the most likeliest way for the doing thereof was 
to settle the excise for these purposes. 



Sir John Wollaston, Pennington's successor. Violet, when examined, said that 
he was directed by Read " to tell my Lord Mayor the King had directed his letter 
to him, Lord Mayor of London, hearing he was a moderate man in his place." 
A Cunning Pto*,&c., King's Pamphlett, E.y. 



PREFACE. Vll 

(3.) That it was conceired that in respect of the King's declaration that the 
Parliament was no Parliament, and that therefore the King could not treat with 
them any more, this treaty was to be immediately between the King and the city, 
and the city was to be the medium between the King and Parliament. 

And this examinat further saith, That the said Wood told the examinat that if 
any parliament men would joyne with the city in the treaty, they also might come 
with them to Oxford under the safe conduct granted to the city, though it were not 
exprest in the King's letter ; and that the said Wood received directions at Oxford 
for this examinat to declare soe much to whom he should think fit. 

(4.) That there must be an act of oblivion for all parties and delinquents what- 
soever, and a generall pardon. That no cessation should be expected during the 
treaty, if there had beene any. That no mention was made in all these Propositions 
either of Scotland or Ireland. 

It is characteristic of Charles that he should have carried on 
negociations at the same time with Roman Catholics and with Inde- 
pendents for the recovery of his power. Most probably indeed when 
he allowed Ogle to make vague promises to the Independents of 
toleration and preferment it was not his object to effect a peace, 
but merely to prevail on the Parliamentary captains to surrender 
Aylesbury and Windsor. In the same way when he encouraged 
Read and Brooke in their designs he had probably little expectation 
of doing more than exciting feelings of ill will and jealousy 
between the Parliament and the City. His practice however of 
accepting overtures from whatever side they came had the great 
disadvantage that it destroyed belief in his sincerity. The readi- 
ness of the Independents to treat with him would not be increased 
by the discovery that he was equally ready to enter into negocia- 
tions with Roman Catholics, and the Parliament, of course, did not 
fail to use the opportunity offered by the discovery of Brooke's 
plot of exciting popular prejudice against the King, and strength- 
ening their own cause. After hearing the report of the committee 
which had conducted the investigations the Commons resolved : 

That the matter of the report contains a seditious and jesuistical practice and 
design, under the fair and specious pretence of peace (having its rise and fountain 
from known Jesuits and Papists), to work divisions between the Parliament and the 
CAMD. SOC. b 



Vlll PREFACE. 

city of London ; to raise factions in both, and thereby to render them up to the 
designs of the enemy, and tending also to the breach of the public faith of this 
kingdom unto our brethren of Scotland, engaged by the late solemn covenant and 
treaty entered into by both nations, thereby not only to weaken us in our united 
forces against our popish and common enemy but also to embroil the two nations 
in unhappy differences." 

The Lords concurred in this vote, and a committee of both 
Houses was appointed to communicate the business at a common 
hall, which was held on the following Monday (Jan. 8). The 
report of this committee was subsequently published, together with 
the examinations and letters of the various persons concerned, and 
an intercepted copy of the proclamation lately issued by Charles at 
Oxford summoning the Parliament to meet at that town on Jan. 
22, and offering a free pardon to any member of either House 
who should within that time return to his duty and allegiance. 5 
The occasion was made one for a great manifestation of union. 
The Corporation invited the Parliament to dinner at Merchant 
Taylors' Hall. On the appointed day, Jan. 11, the Lords and 
Commons, the Scottish Commissioners, three ambassadors newly 
arrived from Holland, the members of the Assembly of Divines, the 
Lord Mayor and Corporation, Essex, Warwick, Manchester, 
Cromwell, and other officers of note in London, met together at 
Christchurch at nine in the morning to hear a thanksgiving sermon 
from the lips of Stephen Marshall. The preacher prefaced his 
sermon by a curious address, which shows how eager the Presby- 
terian party was to prevent the idea getting abroad that division 
existed in London : 

"You are first met here/' he said, "to feast your souls with the fat things of God's 
house, with a feast of fat things full of marrow, and wine on the lees well refined; 
and afterwards to feast your bodies with the fat things of the land and the sea, both 

C. J. vol. iii. p. 358, Jan. 6. 

b " A cunning plot to divide and destroy the Parliament and the city of London, 
made known at a common hall," &c. London, Jan. 16, 1643. King's Pamphlets, E. \ 9 . 
c The Parliament Scont, E. ff ; The Kingdom's Weekly Intelligencer, E. y. 



PREFACE. ii 

plenty and dainty. But, if you please, you may first feast your eyes; doe but behold 
the face of this assembly; I dare say it will be one of the excellentest feasts that 
ever your eyes were refreshed with. You may first see the two Houses of Par- 
liament, the honourable Lords and Commons .... preserved from so many 

treacherous designs, secret treasons, and open violences Here you may 

also see his Excellency, the general of all our forces by land, and near him that 
most noble lord, the commander of our forces by sea; and with them abundance of 

noble and resolute commanders, all of them with their faces like unto lions 

Here, also, you may behold the representative body of the city of London, the Lord 
Mayor, the Court of Aldermen, the Common Council, the militia, and in them the 
face and affection of this glorious city. This city . . . . after the expense of 
millions of treasure and thousands of lives, still as faithful and resolute to live and 
die in the cause of God as ever heretofore. Here you may likewise see a reverend 
assembly of grave and learned divines, who daily wait upon the Angel in the Mount 
to receive from him the lively oracles, and the patterns of God's house to present 
unto you. All these are of our oicne nation; and with them you may see the honour- 
able, reverend, and learned Commissioners of the Church of Scotland 

All these you may behold in one view; and, which is more, you may behold them 

all of one heart And, which is yet more, you may see them all met 

together this day on purpose, both to praise God for this union, and to rejoice in 
it, and to hold it out to all the world, and thereby to testify that, as one man, they 
will live and die together in this common cause of God, of our Lord Jesus Christ 
his Church, and these three kingdoms," &c. a 

The sermon over, both entertainers and guests proceeded in pro- 
cession from the church to Merchant Taylors' Hall, while on the 
way the London trained bands lined the streets on either side : 

The first that went forth were the Common Councilmen and militia of London in 
their gowns; after them the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen in their scarlet 
gowns, on horseback, with their officers and attendants; next came the Lord General 
and Lord Admiral together, with about sixteen earls and lords of the upper House 
of Parliament, and divers colonels and military commanders, all on foot; and imme- 
diately after them came near two hundred of the worthy members of the House of 
Commons; and then the Commissioners of Scotland; and after all these about eighty 
divines of the Reverend Assembly : all which did much content and delight the 
spectators to see these so noble, faithful, religious, and honourable pillars of the 
truth, and maintainers of their rights and privileges, and patrons of the true religion, 
appear with so united a concurrence of hearts and spirits. 1 * 



* " A sacred Panegyrick, or a sermon of Thanksgiving." King's Pamphlets 
E. 3 ^. The italics are as in the original. 

b The True Informer, King's Pamphlets, E. $f . 



X PREFACE. 

At Cheapside an entertainment was prepared for the spectators, 
specially suitable to this celebration of the discovery of a plot 
in which, happily for the Parliament, Roman Catholics were 
concerned. At Cheapside, where the cross formerly stood, light 
scaffoldings of firwood had been raised, " all hung round with pic- 
tures and popish trinkets, which caused a very thronged fair .... 
there was crucifixes, and cunjering boxes, and velvet crosses, and 
crosses embroidered with gold. There was the Virgin Mary 
crowned Queen of Heaven . . . there was magic spells and jacks in 
boxes. The bishops' crucifix, Jesus, and the nuns' holy bushes/ 7 
along with candlesticks, images, beads, trinkets, and similar relics 
of past times. As the procession passed by these erections were 
set on fire, and were speedily reduced to ashes. " The smoke of 
the flames," says one of the papers, u like incense ascended towards 
heaven, as that which was acceptable to God." 

While the crowd amused itself with the bonfire the members of 
Parliament and other guests dined in the Hall. At the close of the 
entertainment Dr. Burgess, one of the members of the Assembly 
of Divines, surprised the company by ascending the gallery, where 
musicians formerly sat on festive occasions, and proposing that all 
should join in singing the 85th Psalm. With this testimony of 
union and thankfulness the proceedings were brought to an end. a 
The following Sunday, Jan. 21, was kept as a day of public 
thanksgiving, and the vote of the two Houses passed on the disco- 
very of the plot read in the city churches. 5 

The effusions of the weekly papers and the address which 
Marshall thought necessary to affix to his sermon make the reader 
incline to exclaim, u Methinks the gentlemen do protest too much." 
With regard to all that concerned Catholics and Catholicism, 

King's Pamphlets, Mercnrius, &c. E. y ; The Scottish Dove, E.|| ; The Ti-ue 
Informer, E. ff . 
> C. J. rol. iii. p. 370; L. J. rol. ?i. p. 384. 



PREFACE. XI 

the Parliament, the Assembly of Divines, the City, the militia, 
and the army, might with justice assert that they presented an 
united front ; but the procession in which marched side by side 
such men as Cromwell and Manchester contained elements which 
before the year had passed would be unable longer to work together. 
As yet, however, only the beginnings of division had appeared; 
and although evidences of ill-feeling between Presbyterians and 
Independents were not wanting, these took rather a personal than 
a political form, the Independents remaining stedfastly loyal to 
the side of the Parliament, expecting when the King was beaten 
that some solution of the religious question would be arrived at 
satisfactory to themselves. It is remarkable that, while Ogle was 
seeking to win Goodwyn and Nye to desert the side of the Parlia- 
ment, overtures of like character were being made through another 
source to the younger Sir Henry Vane. Lord Lovelace wrote a 
letter to Vane from Oxford, in which he desired " to hold corre- 
spondence with him, relying upon his true inclination to the public 
good and knowing him to have a strong party in the House, and he 
the chiefe of it." a Vane showed the letter to the Speaker of the 
Commons and to the members of the committee appointed to inves- 
tigate Riley's plot, and it was agreed amongst them that Lovelace's 
proposal should be accepted. Vane wrote in reply to Lovelace, 
and sent the chaplain of the Earl of Warwick, Mr. Wall, to have 
an interview with him at Henley . b The matter was first brought 
before the notice of Parliament in consequence, as it appears, of 
Essex discovering that communication was being held with the 
enemy. On Jan. 17 he complained to the House of Lords that 
letters were passing between Sir Henry Vane and Lord Lovelace, 
and that unless the correspondence was put a stop to he could not 

* Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 31116, fol. 108b. 

Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 31116, fol. 109a; C. J. p. 369. 



Xll PREFACE. 

discharge his duty as general. 6 The same day the Speaker of the 
Commons gave information to the House of what had passed. The 
letter written by Lovelace from Oxford, Vane's reply, and the 
account given by Wall of his interview with Lovelace, were read 
and then delivered to the Speaker, u to be kept by him from public 
view." b The matter, however, did not rest here. Lovelace, either 
before or after this date, wrote to Vane from Reading, and Vane 
again replied. The bearer of a letter written by Lovelace was 
arrested on Jan. 18 as a spy and examined by Dorislaus, the advo- 
cate of the army. His answers led to the examination of Wall on 
the 19th, and the answers of Wall to the examination, on the 20th, 
of a third man, Mr. Sterry, who was chaplain to Lady Brooke. d 
The names of Vane and of other members of Parliament appeared 
in the examinations, and a report got abroad that Vane was under 
arrest, and that he and other members of the Commons were, in 
accordance with an ordinance of Parliament, going to be tried by 
a court of war for holding correspondence with the enemy. 6 
Vane complained in the Commons that the privileges of the House 
had been broken, because witnesses had been examined with regard 
to the actions of its members without communication having first 
been made to the House (Jan. 24). f Essex received an order to 
send the examinations to the House, with which he complied, at 
the same time declaring through Strode that he had never thought 
of causing any members of Parliament to be tried by martial law.s 
He also in person presented copies of the examinations to the 

L. J. p. 381. b C. J. vol. iii. p. 369. 

Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 33116, fol. HOb. 
C. J. vol. iii. p. 376. 

Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 31116, fol. HOb ; King's Pamphlets, The 
Kingdom's Weekly Intelligencer, E. f. 

Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 31116, fol. HOb. 
C. J. Yol. iii. p. 375. 



PREFACE. Xlll 

House of Lords, which ordered the Speaker to give him thanks for 
his care, and declared that he had done nothing but what was in 
accordance with his duty as Lord General.* The Commons, on 
their side, proceeded to summon before them and question Doris- 
laus. After a long debate they appointed a committee to examine 
the matter further and to report whether in its opinion a breach of 
privilege had been committed or not. b 

The letters which passed between Lovelace and Vane are not 
printed in the Journals of either House; but there is no doubt, with 
regard to their contents, that offers made to Vane, as chief of a 
large party in the Commons, would include some general promise 
of religious toleration. It does not appear whether Lovelace 
wrote at Bristol's instigation; but, according to Wall's report, he 
acted with the authority of the King. d It was natural that some 
other agent than Ogle should be employed to approach Vane, in 
order to preclude danger of the discovery and betrayal of the 
designs upon Windsor and Aylesbury. Charles by making propo- 
sitions to Vane, if he did not succeed in much, at least succeeded 
in nearly involving the two Houses in a quarrel over a question 
of privilege. The Houses, however, could not afford to quarrel. 
Two days after Essex delivered up the examinations Parliament 
was informed of Ogle's conspiracy, and the ill-timed dispute 

L. J. vol. vi. p. 391. 

> L. J. vol. iii. p. 376. Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. fol. Ilia. 

c The weekly papers only mention the affair slightly. Anti-Aulicus gives as 
follows the contents of Lovelace's letter to Vane : " That the King having taken 
notice of him and of others of his judgment, and conceiving them to be reall and 
hearts in their intentions, did promise unto them liberty of conscience, and that all 
those laws that have been made by the parliament, and all others, the rights and 
liberties of the people, should inviolably be preserved : of which hee would give 
what assurance could be devised ; desiring likewise that either hee or some other 
by his appointment would upon safe convoy treat further of the business at Henley, 
or what other place he thought fit." King's Pamphlets, E. fj. 

d Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 31116, fol. 108b. 



XIV PREFACE. 

appears to have been abandoned, since no further notices of it are 
to be found in the Journals. On Jan. 26 Lord Wharton reported 
to the House of Lords : 

A discovery of dividing the two kingdoms of England and Scotland, and the 
design of the betraying of Alsebury, the effect whereof was to this purpose : That 
Devenish, the keeper of Winchester House, was dealt with to permit Captain Ogle 
to make an escape out of his custody, which the said Devenish discovered to some 
Lords ; and the moderate men (as they called them) and the Independents were to 
join together for suppressing of the Presbyterians, and the Scots to be kept out 
of the kingdom ; and Ogle had an hundred pounds sent him from the Earl of 
Bristoll to bear his charges out of town. And further, the Earl of Bristoll dealt 
with one Mosely to surrender the garrison of Alsebury ; and in case the King's 
forces could not have the town surrendered them, to fire it and the magazine. 

Four documents,* according to the entry, were then read, after 
which, 

Lieutenant-Colonel Moseley was called into the House and thanked for his fidelity 
and good service done at Aylesbury for the Parliament : who acquainted the Lords, 
" That he had been dealt withall from Oxon to have blown up the magazine at 
Aylesbury and some part of the town, with two engines sent from Oxon, whilst 
their forces should have surprised the said town." b 

Upon the further report of Lord Wharton, " that Mr. Nye and 

a (1) Ogle's letter to Bristol, dated Nov. 24 (No. 1). (2) The King's letter to 
Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely concerning the surrendering up to him the town of 
Aylesbury (missing). (3) The King's letter to Thos. Devenish, keeper of Win- 
chester House, dated from Oxford, 12 Jan. 1643 (missing). (4) The Propositions 
(No. 2.). 

b The Scottish Dove (E. fg) gives the following account of Mosely's share in the 
business: " There having lately been some difference of discontent between Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Mostley and some other commanders, the Lieutenant, coming to 
London upon his occasions, was closed with by some Oxford factors (for treachery), 
and, after much sifting, the Lieutenant-Colonell carrying the business smoothly, the 
bargain came to be confirmed, and 1,000 pound must be the reward to deliver up 
Alesbury; the place was appointed where and how to agree of the time and way, to 
which place, according to promise, Lieutenant Mostley sent his man. The time being 
appointed, he desired money in hand; 100 pound was sent him, a good horse and a 
sword; and on Monday l they came to have possession. But Lieutenant-Collonell 
Mostley, when he had the 100 11 had all he looked for, and had made the business 
known to the governour." 2 



1 They marched Sunday night, Jan. 21-22. 

2 Colonel Aldridge, The Weekly Account, E. y. 



PEEFACE. XT 

Mr. John Goodwin did refuse to meddle in the business," the 
House 

thought fit that they should have thanks given them from the House for the 
same ; and that Lieutenant- Colonel Mosely and Mr. Devenish should have thanks 
given and a reward for their faithfulness in the carriage of this business. (L. J. 
vol. vi. p. 395.) 

The same day, January 26, at the request of the Lords, a con- 
ference by committees of both Houses was held in the Fainted 
Chamber. In the report of the conference afterwards made in the 
Commons the House was informed : 

That Ailesbury was much in the King's eye; that Mr. Devenish was very faithful 
to the Parliament, and in discourse in the whole proceeding of this business; that 
he got Ogle to pawn his seal unto him; and thereby got a new seal cut, and opened 
Ogle's letters, and sealed them with the new seal. That Mr. Goodwyn, Mr. Nye, 
with the privity of my Lord General and some members of this House, had con- 
ference with Ogle. That the King's forces came on the Sabbath day a last towards 
Ailesbury; and his forces at Tocester quitted that garrison in hopes of effecting this 
design. That three hundred fresh foot were sent on that day by his Excellency into 
the town; of which notice was given by Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely to his Majesty to 
defer it a few days ; but, indeed, to the end, to defer the time, till my Lord General 
and the Earl of Manchester's forces might march between the enemy and Oxford : 
yet it so much concerned his Majesty to have that town delivered on that day, in 
regard of upholding his reputation with his Parliament at Oxford, who were to 
meet the next day, that he would defer the time no longer; but, in the great storm 
and snow, marched within two miles of the town; and near four hundred men lost 
in the march. b 

Jan. 21. 

b The following is the list of documents entered in the Commons' Journals as 
being read to the House; several are not in the Tanner Collection, while several in 
the Tanner Collection are not entered in the Journals. The clerk does not appear to 
have had regard to order of date : 

O.) A Letter from Captain Ogle, prisoner in Winchester House, to the Earl of 
Bristol. 

(&.) Propositions of peace. 

(c.) A Safe Conduct under the King's hand with a blank of three names. 

(d.) The Earl of Bristol's letter to Lieutenant- Colonel Mosely. 

(e.) Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely's Letter to the Earl. 

(/.) Mr. Devenish's Letter to the Earl of Bristol. 

(#.) The King's Warrant to Mr. Devenish to set Captain Ogle at liberty. 
CAMD. SOC. C 



XVI PREFACE. 

The Commons, after hearing the report, resolved that thanks 
should be returned to Mr. Nye, Mr. Goodwin, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Mosely, and Mr. Devenish, and that the estate of Mr. Samuel Crispe 
should be forthwith secured. With regard to the main question 
both Houses dwelt as lightly upon it as possible, and sought to show 
that the King, when making promises to the Independents, had no 
other design in view than to foment discord and gain military 
advantages for himself. The following resolution was adopted by 
both Houses : " That it doth appear, upon the whole matter, that 
the King and his council at Oxford do endeavour and embrace all 
ways to raise and foment divisions betwixt us and our brethren of 
Scotland, and amongst ourselves, under the fair pretence of easing 
tender consciences ; that during these fair pretences, their immediate 
design was the ruin of the kingdom by the destroying and burning 
of the magazines thereof." a 

What is here quoted from the Journals is all that was ever officially 
made known. None of the documents were printed or published, 
and the weekly papers either do not notice the affair at all or pass 
lightly over it. b The Weekly Intelligencer, which has the fullest 

(A.) Mr. Devenish, his Letter by Captain Ogle to the Earl of Bristol, in figures. 

(i.) The Earl's Answer to Mr. Devenish. 

(&.) The King's Warrant to Mr. Devenish to raise two hundred men under his 
son's command, to be put into the garrison of Windsore. 

(I.) The Earl of Bristol's letter, in figures, to Mr. Devenish. 

(w.) Sir George Strode's Letter to Mr. Samuel Crispe to pay one hundred pounds 
to Captain Ogle. 

(.) The Bill of Exchange for the payment of the said hundred pounds. 

(<?.) Mr. Samuel Crispe's Letter to Sir George Strode. 

(^?.) Captain Ogle's Letter to Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely, about the time of 
delivering up of the town. 

(^.) His- Majesty's Instructions to Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely to blow up the 
magazine in case of sudden discovery. 

The engines or fireworks delivered by his Majesty's own hands for the said service 
was presented likewise to the House. 

* C. J. vol. iii. p. 378. 

b King's Pamphlets : the Parliament's Scvut, E. V Anti-Aulicus, E. ft ; The 
Kingd<m' Weekly Intelligencer, E. ff . 



PREFACE. XV11 

account, dwells entirely on the military side of the negociation. 
The writer mentions some details which are not in the letters that 
we possess, and it is likely enough that he drew upon his imagina- 
tion for some of them.* The chief portion of his narrative is as 
follows : 

After some debate, Ogle could not accomplish his ends unless he might have 
his liberty. . . Master Devenish did wisely connive at his escape, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Mosely nobly entertained him at Aylesbury, and concluded on conditions to 
deliver up the town ; Ogle went to Oxford, kissed his Majesties hand. . . . 
Hereupon his Majestic writes a letter, and the Earl of Bristol another, to Lieutenant- 
Colonel Mosely, and also to Mr. Devenish, and thanks them for their affection to 
his Majesties service. Mr. Devenish writes a letter of compliance to the Earle of 
Bristol, and also sends him a figure to write by, but yet advises his Lordship that 
Ogle may not be privy to what he writes, for he loves to be free with solid and 
reserved men of either of which Ogle was never guiltie. My Lord Bristol accepted 
of the figure, answered it in kinde, approved of Mr. Devenish's advice, sent him a 
letter of indemnity under his Majesties hand and seal for permitting Ogle to escape, 
intimating unto him that his Majestic had made Ogle a gentleman of his privy 
chamber, but a badge of greater honour was intended for him. Mr. Devenish 
finding his addresses so acceptable, writ againe in figures to the Earle of Bristol, 
and propounded unto him a designe he had to betray Windsor Castle at the same 
time into his Majesties hands by taking advantage of a feare that would possess 
them upon the surrender of Aylesbury. His Majesty and the Earl of Bristol well 
approved of the designe, and both of them in several letters signed with their own 
hands highly extolled his wisdom, promised great rewards, as by the letters 
appear. 

The plot goes on; Sunday, Jan. 21, at 12 at night, Aylesbury was to be delivered up ; 
to that end his Majesty quits Tocester, b and draws all the forces he can also from 
Oxford and elsewhere to enter Aylesbury: Lieutenant-Col. Mosely sends his Majesty 
word that there was come in three full companies of foot, fresh supplies, which he 
expected was sent upon some jealousies, therefore advised his Majesty to forbear to 
send till a better opportunity: but his Majesty was resolved on the time appointed, 



a See No. 23 and note. 

b The Royalists had a garrison at Towcester, from whence they made plundering 
excursions into the surrounding districts. A party of Cavaliers took Sir Alexander 
Denton's house, Hilsdon, within a few miles of Aylesbury, but were driven away 
by a body of Parliamentarians coming from Banbury and Newport Pagnell about 
Jan. 17. On Jan. 18 the Royalist forces abandoned Towcester, after which the 
place was occupied by the Parliamentarians. The Kingdom's Weekly 
Mercurius Civicus, E.|f ; The Scottish Dove, E.-||; Mercurius Civicus, 



XV111 PREFACE. 

for that the winde had blowne of late much against them, and the great meeting of 
the Parliament was at Oxford the next day, and some action must suddenly ensue 
to uphold his reputation at so great a meeting, and therefore sent him, by his own 
man, some engines to fire the magazine in case he was discovered, that then the 
towne might be easily taken by storming it: but when they came within two miles 
of Aylesbury a the enemy perceived they were betrayed, so retreated in disorder, and 
lost neer 400 men and horses in the snow, and lost Tocester besides; and had Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Moseley prevailed to hold off the day of appointment but two days 
longer, as he endeavoured it, my Lord General's forces had marched between Oxford 
and the enemy, and cut them off, but unseasonableness of the stormes and wayes 
were such that they could not march but with much prejudice, though they en- 
deavoured it. b 



.. 



Notice should be drawn to the peculiar use of the word 
agitations," on p. 1 . which may help to explain the use of the 
word " agitators " for the agents appointed by the soldiers in 1647. 

* " The enemy quartered at Ethrop House within two little miles of Alesbury, 
expecting the prize ; but by the next morning by some scout or secret intelligence 
they had notice that their plot was blasted, so they returned back towards Oxford." 
The Scottish Dove, King's Pamphlets, E. fg. 

b King's Pamphlets: The Kingdom's Weekly Intelligencer, E. ff. The weather 
was very inclement, and the operations of the forces on both sides impeded in 
all parts of the country. 



A SECRET NEGOCIATION WITH 
CHARLES I. 



(1.) THOMAS OGLE TO THE EARL OF BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 332.] 

MY LORD, 

Having by God's great marcy bin soported by his great 
provydenss (after almost 7 months most myserable close improsin- 
ment, aggravated with most exquiset acts of barbarissme and cruelty, 
in the Lo: Fetter's 3 howse, and from thenss 20 days in the hoolr of 
a ship) obtayned (not through favour but forgetfulnes of these 
grand refformers) the lyberty of Winchester Howse, where now I 
am a prisner, som of my freinds and aqueyntans had recorss to me, 
wherby my former agitations (well known to Sir Nich. Crisp) b for 

a Petre's. 

b Sir Nicholas Crispe, a royalist, a former farmer of the customs, who had fled from 
London to Oxford in the beginning of the year. On Jan. 1 8, 1643, several intercepted 
letters were read in the House of Commons ; amongst others, one from Sir Kobert 
Pye, an Exchequer officer, whose son Hampden's daughter had married. In this 
letter Sir Robert Pye " shewed that hee had paied 3?00" due to Sir Nicholas Crispe 
for secrett service done for his Ma tie , and would take a course to convey his Ma ties 
revenue to him." l The money lent by Crispe to the King, Whitaker, in his Diary, 
informs us, was part of the money due to the Commonwealth for customs. 2 When 
questioned, Pye declared that he was entirely ignorant of the service for which the 
money was paid to Crispe, who was summoned before the House, " and ther answered, 
that this 3700" was due to him from his Ma Ue for monies advanced when his Ma tie 
went against the Scotts, which afterwards appeared to be a manifest lie by his often 

1 D'Ewes' Diary, Harl. MSS. 164, fol. 277a. 

2 Additional MSS. 31116, fol. 29b. 
CAMD. SOC. B 






2 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

the advansing his Mag* seuviss did not only revive, but upon the 
passing the Scots Covynant my former hops and assuranss to add to his 
Mag* the most considerable part of the people heere were doubled; 
who as formerly they boothe insenced and mayntayned the warr 
against his Mag 1 , so now are they censerly a desyrous to ther utmost 
to assist his Mag 1 for sopresing this Covynant and the mylisha, som 
humble desyes of thers for ther assuranss of injoying the benyfet of 
his Mag 1 vehement prodistations and gratious declorations, being 
granted by his Mag 1 (as an earnist thereof) for the beter setlement 
and inabling them with his Mag 1 asistans to tourne the stream e, 
to which work they are only led through contiens towards God, 
devotion to his Mag 1 , and compasion to the bleeding state of ther 
native contry. 

To intymate which to his Mag 1 they have made use of me, bothe 
in regard of my former addresses to, and also sopossing that my 
long and great sufferings for his Mag 1 has begot me confydenss and 
credit at Coort, and lastly in cace of any myscoradg or discovry 
heerof they know themselvs safe in my hand, wherfore I have made 
bould to certyfy your honor, being well assured of your fydelity to 
his Mag 1 , our Church and State, and also knowing your wisdom to 

uncertaine and almost contradictorie answeares; soe as wee all concluded that this 
monie had been lent his Ma tie since his departure from the cittie of London, though 
the said Sir Nicholas Crispe absolutelie denied, being asked the question by the 
Speaker; yet awhile after hee slipt away from the doore of the Commons house and 
went to his Ma 116 to Oxford, which easilie cleared the scruple, when the saied monie 
had been lent for secrett service." * After this the Commons ordered all the goods 
of the offender to be seized, Jan. 20. 2 The following day Colonel Manwaring, 
appointed to search the houses of Sir Nicholas Crispe at London and at Hammer- 
smith, to see what money or plate could be found there, made his report, " but 
of 300" that was found in his house; but he found of gold of his in the Tower, and 
in other places of the city, to the value of neare about 5000"; all which was seized, 
because he had slipt away out of the sergeant's custody, and was not to be found." 3 
* Sincerely. 

D'Ewes' Diary, Harl. MSS. 164, fol. 277a, b; C. J. vol. ii. 933. 

2 C. J. vol ii. 936. 

3 Whitacre's Diary, Additional MSS. 31116, foL 21b. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 3 

manadg the greatest affayre aright. What the particulore passages 
betwixt Sir Nich: Crispe and me were I shal not trouble your 
Lodship with, he being at Oxford, and able to give your honor a 
full and satisfactory acoumpt thereof, only thus much upon thes pro- 
posisions to me. I then tould him it was not possible to setle the 
comision of array in London untal som reall acts were don by his 
Mag* to satisfye the people (who would not be satisfyd with words) 
of the reality of his Mag* perform anss according to his prodestations 
and declarations, which corrs, if it had bin then taken, I may with- 
out bouldnes or vanity afferm to your Lodship that the warr had 
bin ended, a ferme peace and confydenss of his Mag* defending the 
Protestant religion, the laws and libertys of the kingdom, and 
governing heerafter by the known laws, had bin most assuradly 
setled in the people. And if it please God this overture be now 
axeptable to his sackred Mag* and your Lodship it wilbe a notable 
evydenss that the blessing of God is with us, and that this land is 
not designed for ruen, which heer is more confydently beleved, 
because his sackred Mag 1 having sene the myschefous evels of two 
extremity s, the goulden meane is to be laboured for, which is 
obtayned only by moderat not violent corses and counsels. 

The only thing desyred for present, is a safe conduct for two or 
three who on the behalf of many thousands may com to Oxford, 
and propound ther humble desyrs to his Mag 1 , and receve such 
satisfaction and derections conserning the further prosecution 
thereof, as to his Mag 1 and your Lodships wisdom shall seeme 
meete ; for the better effecting heerof I have sent inclosed the effect 
of what is intended, to be presented to his Mag 1 at ther comming to 
Oxford, with the circomstanses, grounds, and reasons of the same, 
whereby your Lodship may the bettor facilytate the work and 
guide them and me aright therin. 

The party heer that have insenced and mayntaynd this warr 
consists of 3 sorts of people, the fyrst and greatest are the moderat 
zelous prodistants, lovers (though desyrous of som amendment) of 
the Comon Prayer booke. The second and next considerable to 



4 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

this are the rigid Presby teryans ; the third are the Independants and 
Brownists, among whom doe some few and very inconsiderable 
anababtists and other fantastick sectuarys myx themselvs. Thes 
3 though realy ayming at sevrall ends for ther speritual, yet ther 
temporall intrests being one and the same, and conseving Episcopasy 
and the prorogative were the only obsticle to ther desyrs in both, 
and the way either to remove or abate this were only by this parla- 
ment, did joyne together to soport the means against this soposed 
enemys; evry one cherishing themselvs in ther several hops and 
wishes for the injoyment of ther freedom in the exersise of ther 
devotions; why 1st they knew they did unanimosly agree for the 
security of ther outward estats. 

And thus the cunning Presbateryan made a real use of both the 
others power to effect ther owne ends, which they never aymd at; 
but now, visably seeing, doe abhor this Scots Covynant, and the 
rather because thay setle to establish that, they can scarce cal any 
thing ther owne : hense having recorss to the use of ther reason, they 
conclud thattis beter for them to live under episcopasy, injoying the 
benyfyet of his Mag 1 frequent prodistations and gratious declarations, 
than under the terany of the mylisia and malisious Presbyteryan ; 
upon which grounds both thes partys begin to stager, and repent of 
ther formore actions; and if his Mag 1 as a gratious father will reseve 
thes prodygall children, they will not only quyte fall of from thes 
Covynantors, but visably apere for his Mag*, which being don, your 
Lodship easyly sees that the warr will quickly end, the Scots be kept 
out of the kingdom, and his sackred Mag 1 returne home with honor 
and victory, for what the soule is to the body, so were and are the 
two to all the actions and opposisons that have bin don and made. 

Som of the leading men, both mynisters and others of the fyrst 
sort, upon passing the Scots Covynant, came to Winchester Howse 
to me lamenting ther owne and the kingdoms myserys, afferming 
that the moderat men who at a asisted the parlament to secure them- 
selves and bring in delinkquents would now most willingly not 

Sic. ? had. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 5 

only withdraw but assist his Mag 1 ag st this Presbyteryan warr, if 
they could be assured of his Mag* parformanss according to his 
prodestations and declarations. And the meere dispayre of his Mag 1 
had drove them and still would inforce them to continew the assistanss 
contrary to ther desyrs, which were rather for moderated Episcopasy 
than the Scots Presbitrys, and that the supreme com and of the 
milisia should continew in the former antient corss, and not be 
violently extorted from the crowne. 

But in cace ther were, as was affermed, a reall plot to reare Popery 
and terany upon the ruens of this parlament, then skin for skin, and 
all that he hath will a man give for his lyfe, how much more for 
religion, the lyfe of the life, to setle and assure this mene. Thay 
were assured by Corah and his complyces that popry and terany 
was both the ends and ayms of al his Mag* actions, and that ther 
was no other way to prevent them than a violent alteration of 
goverment both eclesastycall and civell ; for profe heerof ther was 
a Pops bull found and som victorys a sayd to be obtaynd. 

The other sort, vid. Independants and Brownists, being more 
fyry though not more inraged at the Scots Covynant, which wholy 
blasted ther hops of a toleration or conivanss at the least of the 
exercys of ther owne disyplyne, mett together, and drue up a 
very high and daring peticion to the parlament, requyred that the 
Scots Covynant might not pass, or at least not be pressed upon 
them, for that thay did not take up arms for the Scots prisbitry, 
which is as antychristian or more then the Einglish prelacy; if this 
therfore were not don, they would not fyght themselvs into a worss 
condision, but the 3 regaments in the army of thes men would lay 
downe ther arms and the rest withdraw ther assistanss. 

The Presbytiryan, seing the mischef and ruen which this petition 
brought with it, bent all ther indevors to sopress it, and for this 
end, as thay formerly sent Mr. Nye into Scotland for the cherishing 
the hops of that faction then, soe now they imploy him agayne to 
quyet the rage and quensh the fyre of this peticion, giving them 
* Sic. ? miscopied "writings." 



6 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

assuranss they shall reseve satisfaction and be gratyfyd with what 
kind of disyplyn ther humors cals for, wherby the peticion was 
stopt for present. 

But yet ther jelosy of the Scots Press[bytery] remayns greater- 
then ther displesur against the Einglish prelat, from whenss corns 
this ther result of seeking to his Mag 1 , from whom if they can 
obtayne so much favour as the papist eather formorely had or 
heerafter shal have, thay will realy joyne to the utmost with his 
Mag 1 to sopress the Scots Covynant and the mylisha. Upon thes 
reasons and grounds, by the advise of som of the princypall men 
of both syds, this inclosed paper was drawne up, contayning the sub- 
stanss of ther humble desyrs to his Mag* with the grounds therof. 

Thus have I, Right hono ble , given your Lodship as breifly as I 
could an acount of what was intrusted unto me, which if it shall prove 
effectuall to re-establish his Mag 1 just power and athority and the 
peace of this myserable distraced a Church and State, I shall think 
myself a most hapie man, to have contrybuted any thing to so pious 
a work for my most gratious sovoragne and contry, and the rather 
for that your Lodship (whose esteme next to his Mag 1 I am more 
covytous of then of anys in the world) shall be opefex b rerum et 
meliorum temporum origo. And that your Lodship may be the more 
confydent of suckses I have comision to assure your Lordshipp that 
his Mag., gratiously satisfying those who shall com under safe conduct 
in this humble desire, Alsbury will be surendred to his Mag 1 in 
earnist of further parformanss as need shall requyre, and that his 
Mag* may not be jelos of any trechory as at Poolr, c ther wilbe 



* Distressed. b Sic. 

c In September 1643, Captain Francis Sydenham, one of the captains of the 
garrison of Poole, agreed on a certain night, when he should be captain of the 
watch, to admit the royalist forces, nnder the Earl of Crawford, into the town. 
Crawford arrived at the appointed hour with 500 men, and found the gate, as had 
been promised, left open; but no sooner had some of his force passed through it 
than they were attacked by the enemy, who were lying in wait for them, and driven 
out with loss of many arms, horses, and men. Muthtvorth, part iii. vol. ii. p. 286. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 7 

noe more stranth a needfull then a comision under the broad scale, 
whereof that your Lodship may be yet more asured thes letors are 
safly convayd to your honor, and the answer wilbe as safly returned 
hither to me, by the countnanss and power by b one of the chefe 
offycers in this garyson. c 

And for the further assuranss those who originaly began thes 
ovorturs and actualy will compleate them, have such power and 
intrest in the keeper d of this prison, that upon his reseving a warant 
from his Mag 1 for my discharg I shal com along with those who 
com to Coort under the safe conduct, to the end I may add my best 
asistanss for a hapie concluson therin. 

I shall therfore feaer further to trouble your Lodship at this tyme, 
hoping shortly to kiss his Mag* hand and wayt upon your honor, 
only desyring your Lodship to dispach this mesinger spedyly (who 
knows nothing of the contents heerof ) with a safe conduct (leaving 
a space for 3 nams under his Mag* riall hand and privy signit, with 
your Lodship's atestation), and lickwise a warant so signed and 
sealed, derected to the keeper of Winchester Howse, for my discharg 
out of prison. The reason why the safe conduct is desyred with 
a blank is in chanse this letor should myscary, the nams being con- 
seld, noe man can suffer but myself; at our coming his Magisty 
and your Lodship shall receve a full acount of the stranth a and 
state of the army. 

Thus agayne humbly and earnisly praying your Lodship spedyly 
to dispach this mesinger, and not to discover to any person save 
his or hir Mag* (who wilbe humbly peticioned to interpose and 
medyate with his Mag* in thir behalf) in any measure or kynd that 
eather this or any thing of this nature, or of any great importanss 
is com from London ; for tis known som great ons at Court hould 
corespondanss heere. With my frequent prayers to Almyghty God 

a Strength. b Sic. 1 of. 

c Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely. See No. 4 and notes. 

d Thomas Devenish, who caused a copy to be made of Ogle's seal, opened his 
letters, and resealed them with the new seal. C. J. vol. ii. p. 398. 



8 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

for al the blesings of this and beter lyfe upon his and hir Most 
Sackred Mag 1 and posterity, whom that I may serve in this or any 
other thing before I com to Coort, I beg your Lodships instroctions, 
making bould to wryt myself, as I realy am, my Lord, 

Y r Ho: most humble and faythful servant, 

TH. OGLE. 

Winchester Howse, the 17 of Octo: 1643. 

The letter sent was dated 24 Noue. 1643. a 

Indorsed: Coppy of Ogle's letter to L d Bristow, 24 Nove. 1643. 



(2.) PROPOSITIONS SENT BY THOMAS OGLE TO THE EARL OF 

BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 334.] 

Since its undeniable that nothinge can bee added to the happines 
of thys Church and State, if the benefitts proposed and promised 
in his Ma 1 * many and frequent protestacions and declaracions, 
confirmed and attested by Oathe and Sacrament, can bee reallie 
inveyed, b and that through diffidence of his Ma ts performance and 
reallitie this unnaturall civill warre, with all the miseries of the 
same, still rageth amongest us, which difference principally is caused 
through a beliefe that all these late acts of grace in satissfaction of 
the former misgovernement, for prevention of the like in tyme to 
come, and for a through reformacion, were compulsivelie and by 
constreant, and not voluntarilie and for the compassionate weale of 
the subject passed by his Ma^ e ; hence it is that the people beleive 
that they cannot safely enjoy religion and lawes by the proffered 
reformacion, nor bee free from the former cou rtc incroachments 
upon theire soules, bodyes, and estates, by any other meanes then an 
utter extirpacon and allteracon of Episcopalle governement, which 
haveinge a strength in and uppon the civill power, and by diver- 

* Information given by the copyist. b Sic. 1 injoyed. 

c This may stand for " court " or " covert." 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 9 

sion weakeninge his Ma ts auctoritie his Ma tye is necessitated to 
defend the same, from whence arise th the bloodie quarrell of the 
militia. To settle therfore a confidence in the people of his Ma ts 
reallitie in mayntenance of religion, the just priviledges of parlia- 
ment, the lawfull libertie and propertie of the subject, and his future 
government by the knowne lawes of the land, without the alteracon 
of Episcopalle governement, and the trust of the militia reposed in 
the Crowne. 

1. Theese meanes are heartilie proposed and desired that his 
Maiesty wilbee gratiously pleased to consent unto, and that all the 
ould Bishopps, what have brought in and practised the late inno- 
vations in the Church, whoe have tyranised and oppressed his Ma ts 
subjects in theire severall judicatures, bee forthwith displaced, and 
that his Ma tye choose the ablest and most consciensious divines, 
whoe through theire unblameable livs and doctrine have interest in 
the peoples affections, in theire steade. 

2. That his Ma tye doe graunt out a commission as was doune l mo 
Elizabeth, to certeyne visitors for regulateing of ceremonies, and 
appointinge certeyne orders in the Church untill a free, nationall, 
and right composed Synod can bee called for setlinge the distractions 
of the Church, whoe may ymediatelie pull doune all allters, supersti- 
tious pictures, and prohibitt the practise of the former innovacons, 
as boweinge to or towards the allter att the name of Jesus, standinge 
att gloria patri, and the diviscon of service, etc. 

3. That a proclamacion bee forthwith published, as in primo 
Hen. 8 vi , that all those whoe have byn oppressed in the former 
misgovernemenc shall a uppon theire repaire to Court shalbee a with 
all speade repaied and the oppressors punished accordinge to justice, 
that thereby the world may see his Ma^ 6 will doe justice against 
the Bishopps and the culpable ceremonious abettors, that the warre 
is not mainteyned for defendinge delinquents from due punishment. 

4. That all delinquents accused both by his Ma tye and the two 

Sic. 
CAMD. SOC. C 



10 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

Houses bee tryed either by a knowne lawe, or in a full and free 
Parliament, or that his Majestic bee pleased to graunt such a gene- 
rall and free pardon as by the advise of the two Howses of Parlia- 
ment may secure all men's feares. 

5. That his Ma^ 6 bee pleased to pass such an acte of parliament 
as the two Howses shall advise for the repaireing the breach of 
priviledges in his courte a to the House of Commons and secure the 
Howses from the like hereafter. 

6. That his Majestic bee gratiouslie pleased to graunt a safe con- 
ducte and give audience to some whoe shalbee appointed to attend 
his Ma l > e by many thowsands of inhabitants in and about London, 
to propose to his Ma^ 6 the humble desires of the rest comeing for 
easeinge of theire consciences from such heavye burdens as have byn 
layd uppon them by Byshopps, and for givinge them assurances 
for enjoyinge theire freedome from such oppressions and penalties, 
submittinge themselves unto and obeyinge and mainteyninge his 
Ma** 6 , the lawes of the land, of the kingdom e in all civil affaires. 

Indorsed-. Propositions from Ogle to L d Bristoll, sent with 
letter to L d Bristoll, 24 Novem: 1643. 



(3.) LlEUTENANT-COLONEL MOSELY TO THE EARL OF BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 418.] 

Though my man be so trusty as I dare commit my life unto his 
hands, yet the ever watchfull eyes of my enemys are soe over all my 
actions that I conceive it very dangerous to send him often unto 
your Lordshipp, which consideration had more startled me, had 
not he informed me that it was your honour's expresse command 

* Sic. 1 coming. 



JBS^s; 

UKIVBRSITT? jj 

WITH CHARLES THE FIRgtffeil^ 

that he should attend -your Lordshipp on this Thursday.* Yet I 
question not (if any jealousy should arise by any misfortune) but I 
should be able so to bleare their eyes as that noe degree of discovery 
should followe; and I wish my ability to expresse the zealous affec- 
tion I have to the peace of this kingdom and the prosperity of his 
sacred Ma ty were such as could answere all objections your Lord- 
shipps not knowing me can possibly suggest to your thoughts; for 
then I should rest assured of your favour in a speedy returne of the 
signification of his M ties and your Lordshipps will concerning the 
busines in hand. But I knowe the matter requires most serious deli- 
beration, though the agents in it heere even faint with expectation 
of the issue. I need not trouble your Lordshipp with a declaration 
of my particular condition ; my servant informs me he hath informed 
your Lordshipp thereoff, only thus much I humbly beseech your 
honour to know from me, that I accornpt myself only happy in this 
world in being made an instrument capable of doing his M*y and the 
kingdome service. My Lord, my man told me your Lordshipp sig- 
nified unto him that he which should have been the prime actor in 
this busines is nowe a prisoner with us, which I am not a little sorry 
for. b Mr. D. c (who is a very friend of mine, and he which ingaged 
me in this service) with myself (as privy therunto) had a way to 
procure the liberty of my L. Mack Mahoone, d and had accomplished 
our designe had not the tumultuous spirits of some citizens crossed 



a Mosely was at Aylesbury at the time he wrote this letter, indorsed Dec. 6, 
which was a Wednesday. " This Thursday " would therefore mean the following 
day, Dec. 7. He went to London about the 9th, "taking with him Bristol's reply 
(No. 4i) to his letter, and also other documents (Nos. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) received from 
Oxford on the 8th or 9th, connected with the proposals made by Ogle in his letter of 
Nov. 24. See No. 14 and note. 

b As appears from Bristol's reply (No. 4), the person on whom he had his eye 
was Thomas Ogle. But Mosely is either not aware of this, or affects not to be so. 

c Devenish, the keeper of Winchester House, as appears from Bristol's reply 
(No. 4). 

d The allusion is obscure. Lord Maguire and Hugh MacMahon, both of whom 
had taken part in the conspiracy to surprise Dublin in Oct. 1641, were at this time 



12 A SECRET .NEGOCIATION 

our desire by complaining to the house of his remove (I question 
not but your Lordshipp hath heard thereof), whereuppon he was 
committed close prisoner to the Tower; yet our designe goes on and 
I hope will shortly come to good effect. If we may doe any service 
in the like kinde for the person your Lordshipp means (whom I 
cannot guesse) upon the least intimation from your Lordshipp we 
shall be as active as possible. I know not whether your Lordshipp 
be acquainted with Major Ogle that sent yow the letter by my hand ; 
if not, Sir Xic. Crispe can informe your Lordshippe of him ; he is a 
man of a very working braine, and may possibly doe good service, 
[Last words obliterated.'] JOHN MOSELY. 

Indorsed: L.-Col. Mosely to Lord Bristow, 6 Dec. 1643. 



(4.) THE EARL OF BRISTOL TO LIEUTENANT-COLONEL MOSELY. 

[Tanner MSS. TO!. Ixii. fol. 419.] 

For yourself. 

Though the party you send to a be a stranger to you, as as b like- 
wise to him, c I made the last addresse by this messenger, yet both 
your desires seeme to be so reall for the procureing of peace and 

prisoners in London. In May 1643 they had been removed from the Tower to New- 
gate. On Oct. 13 there is the following notice in the Commons' Journal*: 

" Mr. Corbett reports the examination of the business concerning Colonel Read. 
Macquire, and MacMahnn; the endeavour used to procure their escape. 

" Resolved, &c. that the Lords Macquire and MacMahun shall be committed to 
the Tower, and kept close prisoners there.'* MacMahon, one of the chiefs of the 
sept of the MacMahons in the county of Monaghan, may have been spoken of in 
London as Lord MacMahon. He was condemned of treason, and executed at 
Tyburn in 1644." C. J. vol. iii. p. 297. A Contemporary History of Affairs in 
Ireland, edited by J. T. Gilbert, vol. i. part. ii. p. 563. 

a Bristol himself. b Sw. 

c The meaning of this passage is not clear and has probably been mis-copied. 
The "him " may perhaps have been originally followed by "to whom," and so refer 
to Ogle. It can hardly refer to Bristol himself, because the words " both your 
desires " point to a third person. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 13 

quietness in the Church and kingdoine that yow shall finde all the 
assistance and incouragement he can give unto yow. And to the 
purpose heere goeth a very punctual and exact dispatch of all things 
that can be desired,* the delivery whereof (with safty and speed) is 
earnestly recommended unto yow, neither can yow employ your 
paines in a better errand. For the close prisoner you mention in 
your letter, and for whose release you make the kind offer, it was 
spoken to your servant that he might conceive that the letters he 
brought were only for the inlargment of a prisoner, but the prisoner 
is the Major b yow write of. Mr. D. (if it be meant by one Mr. 
Devonish, of Dorsetshire) if he be hearty and trusty therein the 
busines will be the better liked of. for that he is knowne (by the 
party that writeth this) to be an able and dextrous man. If the 
busines on that side be carried prudently and calmly it shall not 
here want secrecy nor assistance. Finde meanes (as soone as posibly 
yow can) of advertiseing of the safe comming of this dispatch to the 
partyes yow know of; let both yourself and all others (that shall 
have a hand in this good work) be confident to finde cleere and 
reall proceeding. 

Examined to bee a true coppy of the letter to L. C. M. 11 th Dec. 
1643, by us, 

C P. WHARTON. 

GILBERT GERARD. 

JOHN CLOTWORTHY. 

Dec: 7, 1643. 



* Ogle's letter of 24 Nov. and the Propositions reached Oxford Dec. 2. See No. 8. 

b Ogle. 

c This is the first of the documents to which Wharton, Gerard, and Clotworthy 
affixed their signatures. Mosely, no doubt, showed them a copy that he or some 
other made of his letter, written to Bristol from Aylesbury (No. 3), but they could 
not attest its genuineness. The fact that their names do not appear on the copies 
of Ogle's letter to Bristol of Nov. 24, and the inclosed Propositions (Nos. 1 and 2), 
suggest the inference that they did not see the original documents but only copies 
of them. 



14 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

(5.) ROYAL WARRANT TO THOMAS DEVENISH. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. bdi. fol. 429.] 

CHARLES K. 

Whereas you have under your custodye att Winchester Howse 
the person of William* Ogle, gent, detayned prisoner there. Our 
will and pleasure is [and we] doe heereby strictly charge and com- 
maund you upon sigt heereof to release and sett att full libertye the 
person of the sayd William Ogle, gent. Of this yow must nott 
fayle, as you will aunsweare the contrary att your perill, and for soe 
doeing this shall bee your sufficient warrant. Given under our 
hand and signett att our court att Oxford this 6th of Decemb. in the 
ninetenth yeare [of] our taigne. 

By his Ma 1 ? 8 commaund, 

GEORGE DIGBYE. 
To Devenish, keeper att the 

present of Winchester Howse in South warke. 

Examined to bee a true coppy this ii thb of Decem. 1643, by us, 

P. WHARTON. 
GILBERT GERARD. 
JOHN CLOTWORTHY. 



(6.) SIR GEORGE STRODE TO SAMUEL CRISPE. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. bdi. fol. 434.] 

COZEN, 

Monies doth grow scarce with us, having lyen heere long with 
wyfe and chyldren (although not soe many as God sent me) ; my 
meanes is kept and taken from mee, and my rents detayned. Tho. 
Greene, of this cytty, will pay me 100 U on a noate of soe much 
paid in London, unto Mr. William Ogle, who I know not. I have 

The name " William " was inserted in mistake for " Thomas." See No. 12. 
b i. e. 11 th . 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 15 

geiven him a byll at syght which I prey see punctually paid, and, 
God willing, your said 100 11 shall be repaid yow, with dammages ; 
but yow may not fayle to pay my byll, my credite resting theron, 
which is all wee have left to subsist by. I shall neede say noe 
more. Your brother 3 is well in the west, from whom I have a 
letter this morning. Kestinge 

Y r kinsman to serve you, 

GEOG. STRODE. 

Oxon, the 7 x br , 1643. 
Brother Samuell, I pray pay this 100 pownd for S r Gorg Strod. 

ANN CRISPED 

For my honored kinsman Mr. Samuell Crispe, at the twoe 
Black boys in Breed streete, these present, for London. 
Examined 11 th 10 bri % 1643. 

P. WHARTON. JOHN CLOTWORTHY. 

GILBERT GERARD. OLIVER ST. JOHN. 



(7.) BILL OF EXCHANGE INCLOSED IN A LETTER TO OGLE FROM 
SIR GEORGE STRODE. 

[On the same sheet as the preceding.] 

FOR MR. SAMUELL CRISPE IN LONDON. 

At syght heerof I pray pay this my only bill off exchange for the 
some off one hundred powns, unto Mr. William Ogle, gent., and 
put it to account, returninge unto mee his discharge for soe much ; 
the 7offx ber , 1643. 

Your servant, 

GEO: STRODE. 
Examined 11 th 10 bri % 1643. 

P. WHARTON. JOHN CLOTWORTHY. 

GILBERT GERARD. OLIVER ST. JOHN. 

* Sir Nicholas Crispe. * ? the wife of Sir Nicholas Crispe. 



16 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

(8.) LETTER OF SIR GEORGE STRODE TO THOMAS OGLE. 

[On the same sheet as the preceding.] 

FOR MR. W. OGLE. 

Your letter of the 24 of November came safely to hand the 2 d of 
this month, but the party that write th it is unknown to him to 
whom it was directed ; a and the knight b mencioned in your letter, 
with whom former correspondence was had, is absent in the west; 
yet ther appearing therein soe greate a desyre of peace, and the 
quiett of the Church and kingdom, all is effected that in your said 
letter is desyred, and is sent, according to your directions therein 
gieven, by which it will appeare how willingly all motions tending 
to peace and accomodation have admittance heere ; and that party 
that makes you this answere a as hee hath endevoured to satisfy you 
in these fyrst beginnings, soe shall hee bee most redy to contribute 
any thing further in his power that may conduce to the ending off 
these miseries and dystracsions, by which this church and kingdom 
are made soe unhappy, which he conceiveth (suitable to what you 
write) can only be effected by ways of moderation and temper ; the 
parties may com and goe, c most assuredly, and what is don, I 
conceive, will geive you noe dyscouragement. 
Dec. 7, 1643. 

You must be careful that the bill of exchange and letter of advice 
d together and that it bee dyscreetly carried. 

The letter dyrected for Mr. W. Ogle hath bin examined, and what 
is written on the other side is a true copy theroff together with a 
byll of exchange inclosed therin. P. WHARTON. 

GILBERT GERARD. 

11 Decem: 1643. JOHN CLOTWORTHY. 

Indorsed : Goppy of letters to Ogle and Crispe, with letter of 
Exchange for lOO 1 '. 7 Dec. 1643. 

* Bristol. b Sir Nicholas Crispe. See No. 1. 

c Between Oxford and London. d A word lost, the page being torn. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 17 



(9.) SAFE CONDUCT SENT BY THE KING FOR THREE PERSONS, 
WITH A BLANK LEFT FOR THEIR NAMES. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 437.] 

CHARLES R. 

Charles, by the grase of God, King of England, etc., to our 
generals, lieutenant generalls, gouvenours of townes, collonells, 
captaines, and all other officers and soldiers belonging to any of our 
armies or garrisons, and to all other whom it may conserne, 
Greeting, Wheras the three persons heerin named, viz.: 



are to repayre unto our Court at Oxford about our spetiall afFayres, 
we do by thes present streightly charge and comand you to let them 
passe freely from place to place unto our Courte att Oxford from our 
cittye of London without lett or interuption. And of theis our 
comandes we shall expect a due observance from you and every of 
you, as you will answre the contrarey at your perille. 

This safe conduct untill the tenth of Januari next ensuinge the 
date hearof. 

By his Ma ts commaund, 

GEORGE DIGBYE. 
Examined this II th of Decem: 1643, to bee a true coppy by us 

P. WHARTON. 

GILBERT GERARD. 

JOHN CLOTWORTHY. 
Safe conduct. 



CAMD. SOC. 



18 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

(10.) MR. SAMUEL CRISPE TO SIR GEORGE STRODE. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 438.] 

HONOURED SiR, London, the 12 December, 1643. 

Your letter dated the 7th a I have received, and according to your 
letter and bill of exchange on me I have paide it on sight the 
summe of one hundred pounds, and have take[n] up your bill of 
exchange and a reciept for it, of which summe b is payde to Mr. 
Will. Ogle, as will apeare with acquittance I will send by my cousin 
Cox ; he tell me will goe this weeke. Sir, heere is a most miser- 
able time of trading and no mony to be had from any man allmost 
that oweth me mony. I pray God send better time, or else this 
kingdome will suffer much. Sir, the halfe of our gould c that came 
is voted in the house, and saith will pay us againe in March next. 
God knowe howe it be performed. We could not help ourself, 
being all the gould were in their possession, and as yet we have 
none power to recover the other half, but shall. The Parliament 
sent it all to the Tower to be guined d ; we gave the Parliament all 
that the company were indebted, and want to pay debt. All would 
not serve turne. I pray God to worke in the heart of the parlia- 

* No. 6. b Sic. 

c Sir Nicholas Crispe, Knight (the brother of Samuel Crispe), formerly a farmer 
of the customs, had been found by the committee of the nayy to owe to the 
State more than 16,OOOZ. On Feb. 18, 1643, the Parliament had ordered that 
" the stock and adventure in the Ginny Company," belonging to Sir Nicholas, should 
be sequestered in the hands of John Wood, treasurer to the company, towards pay- 
ment of this debt. On the arrival of a vessel, " The Starre," laden with gold ore, 
Wood and the other partners agreed to lend the half for the supply of the wants of 
the navy, until it should be shown what part belonged to Sir Nicholas. Accord- 
ingly, the two Houses ordered that whatever sums belonged to the said Wood and 
partners, over and above the said Sir Nicholas Crispe's part of the stock and adven- 
ture, should be repaid to them upon the following 25th of March, out of the 
customs collected in the port of London, with allowance of 8 per cent, interest. 
2 Dec. 1643. C. J. vol. ii. p. 326; L. J. vol. vi. p. 321. 

d Coined. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 19 

ment to preserve this kingdome. Sir, I pray remember my service 
to my Lady and all with yow. So praying God in his due time to 
send us a joy full meeting, so shall ever rest 

Your to be commanded, 

SAMUELL CRISPE. 

To my much honoured kinsman, Sir George Strowde, knight, 
this present. 

Attested to be a true coppy by 
JOHN MOSELY. 
THO. DEVENISH. 



(11.) ACQUITTANCE OF THOMAS OGLE TO SAMUEL CRISPE ON 
RECEIPT OF 100. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. folio 436.] 

The xii th daye of December, 1643. 

Receaved the day and yeare above written from the hands of Mr. 
Samuel Crispe the som of on hundred pound of currant English 
mony. I say received by me, WILL. OGLE. 

Attested by 

JOHN MOSELY. 
THO. DEVENISH. 

Indorsed : Coppy of Ogle's acq. to Crispe. 



(12.) THOMAS DEVENISH TO THE EARL OF BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 450.] 

RIGHT HONOURABLE, 

Tusday a last I received a vissite from two frends of my old 
acquaintanc, whose erand mad them the better welcom, and for 
answering both ther expectacons I shall not fayle to contribut. 

a Dec. 13, the day this letter is dated, was Wednesday; Tuesday last would be 
Dec. 12. 



20 A SECRET NEGOCIATIOX 

my best endevors ; one hath his erand, and the other I hope shall 
not stay long, a which at first I resolved to have performed in silenc 
on my parte, not presuming to trouble your honour especially at 
this time, but my duti and affection to the buysnes (which it 
concerns), the progresse whereof I apprehend to conduce so much to 
the publique good, that mad me wilfully repell all reasons that 
might dissuade me, and adventure to give your Lordshipp this best 
accoumpt, not only of my readeynis to do servic, but allso of the 
hopes which I conceave of the suckcesse (ther being so good a 
foundacon laid) if the maiors b zeale doth not in the prevention 
overbalance his prudence, which I hope your wisdom will prevente, 
and in that hope I humbly tak my leave. 
Your honours to be 

Commanded in what I may, 
D. 

London, 13 Decem. 1643. 

Concordat cum originali. 

ex r per Tho. Devenish. 

Indorsed: Coppy of letter of Devenish to Ld. Bristoll, 13 Decem. 
1643. 



(13.) THOMAS OGLE TO THE EAKL OF BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 458.] 

MY LORD, 

On Munday night last c late, I received your honours dispatch, 
whereby T perceive your Lordship did not remember me. Tis 

* Presumably Mosely and Ogle. Mosely came to London about Dec. 9. Com- 
pare (No. 14) Mosely to Bristol. * Ogle's. 

c Dec. 15, the day on which this letter is dated, was Friday; Monday last, therefore, 
Dec. 11. All the letters. &c. written in Oxford Dec. 7 (Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) were 
examined by Wharton, Gerard, and Clotworthy on Dec. 11. We have no letter 
of that date from Bristol to Ogle, and the word " despatch ''" does not necessarily 
imply a letter. Bristol may merely have sent the other letters by a messenger of 
his own. Ogle probably refers to the opening words of Strode's letter to himself 
(No. 8). 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 21 

trew I did not presume of any perticuler interest or acquantance 
with your honour. But I was confident that, besides Sir Nicholas 
his informations, your Lordship would easily call me to mynd 
when you did but heare of Mr, Smart's a cause, to which your honour 
and my Lord Digby b were pious and just freinds, in the respective 
houses. But principally the matter conteyned in the letter did 
emboulden me to presume upon my generall acquantance (begun at 
Rippon at the pasificatione ; and continued since in parliament] 
upon occasione of my father's cause) with your honour, to make 
that addres unto your Lordship, by the happy effectinge whereof 
I hope with approbatione to be booth knowen and admitted by 
your Lordship hareafter to be your honours faithfull and trusted 
freind and servant. 

My Lord, on Tusday c night last (as this enclosed letter and acquit- 
tance will shew) I receved the money, for which I retourne your 
honour most humble and hartie thanks, with assurance that I will 
never faile upon occasione to requite soe greate a favour. And the 
fulness of your Lordship's retourne shall spedily and really (God 
willinge) be answered by a faithfull performance of the intimatione 
given, which I assure your honour is heightned to that degre of 
resolutione (by his Ma ties and your Lordship's effectuall resentment) 
as the^r is more resolved and wilbe actually done then I did hope 
for before our arrivall at Courtt. And to give your honour the 
better ground to assure his Ma tie hereoff, I send hereinclosed a letter 

a Peter Smart, a prebendary of Durham Cathedral, who, for preaching a sermon 
against the use of ceremonies, had been degraded from the clerical office by the 
northern High Commission Court in 1629. In 1640 Smart brought his case before 
the notice of the Long Parliament, and Dr. Cosin, who had taken a leading part in 
his prosecution, was impeached. As Ogle was Smart's son-in-law it is probable 
that he came from Durham, where a branch of the Ogle family, of Causey Park, 
Northumberland, had long been seated. Hodgson's History of Northumberland, 
vol. ii. part ii. p. 135. 

b Bristol's eldest son. c Dec. 12. 



22 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

from Mr. Devenish, a whose harte is as right and indeavours wilbe 
as cordial for establishinge his Ma ties full, just, and antient power and 
authoritie, as can be desired. And fore that end he did first ingage 
the partie who conveyes thes letters, who is most firme, as the 
effectuall fruites, shortly answeringe your Lordship's expectation 
and your promise, will evidently declare. Though for the present I 
am found to delay my cominge (for strengthening our preparations 
prudently and calmely as your honour advises) thereby to make the 
event more certayne and infallible ; yet within a few weekes your 
honour may expect us, and I hope shall b * 

My Lord, I besech your honour pardon me for beinge thus 
generall; the names, the particulers, I am forced to conceale for 
secrecies sake in case of miscarradge, that whatever becomes of me 
the busines may happily goe on. And for I have noe more to 
treble your Lordship with att this tyme, save to desire a few 
lines to assure me of the receit hereof; and alsoe a kynd and 
effectuall letter to Mr. Devenish for his and his freinds incouradge- 
mentt, that his Mag 1 will take them into his protectione and satisfy 
ther disbursements about this busines ; with the presentment of my 
unfeined service to the Right Honourable the Lord Digby, cravinge 
your honour's pardon and patience, I rest 

Your Lordship's faithfull and 

Devoted servant till death, 

TH. OGLE. 

Winchester house, 
X 1 ** 15, 1643. 

My Lord, my name was mistake Will, for Thorn. Pray pardon e 
my bad wrei tinge. 

a Ogle, therefore, inclosed in this letter, dated Dec. 15 (1), Devenish's letter to 
Bristol (No. 12), dated Dec. 13, and (2) Crispe's letter to Strode (No. 10), dated 
Dec. 12, which contained his own acquittance for the 100Z. Mosely was probably 
the bearer of all at least as far as Aylesbury. 

b Here follow five words, which I was unable to read with certainty; but they 
look like " shell a Christenmas pye in it." 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 23 

Attested a true copy, 15 Dec. 1643, 
JOHN MOSELY. 
THO. DEVENISH. 

Indorsed: Coppy of Ogle's letter to Ld. Bristow, 15 Decem: 
1643. 



(14.) LIEUTENANT-COLONEL MOSELY TO THE EARL or BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 462.] 

MY LORD, 

I have beene in London these eight or nine daies a to get money 
for the regiment, b but have had farre better successe in my more 
intended busineses. I hope your Lordship doth not thinke it long, 
when you concider how much it stands us upon as yet (on this side) 
to be most circumspect, especially my selfe, who having a command 
am more deeply ingaged both in life and honour should it come to 
be discovered. My Lord, I delivered the dispatch safely into the 
person's hands to whom it was directed: the money is paid, the 

a Mosely probably arrived at London from Aylesbury, Dec. 10 or 11. The 
papers that he brought with him (Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) were all read by Wharton, 
Gerard, and Clotworthy on Dec. 11. On Dec. 12 he visited Devenish. See No. 12. 

b Mosely mnst have come to London with the double object of getting pay for the 
garrison at Aylesbnry, and of showing the letters which he had received from 
Oxford. That the Commons were uneasy about the town is apparent from notices 
in their Journals. The soldiers were unpaid, and threatening to disband. On Dec. 
9 there is the following order: "Mr. Browne, Reynolds, Dacres, Fountaine, Sir Jo. 
Clotworthy, Captain Wingate, Mr. Holland, are presently to go forth to receive in- 
formations from the gentleman that is come from Aylesbury, and to consider of 
some speedy way for the security of that place." Very probably this gentleman was 
Mosely himself. But, however that may be, it is evident that after his arrival in 
London the question of finding money for the garrison was recognised to be an 
urgent one, and that he was not so unsuccessful in his endeavour as he sought to 
represent. C. J. Dec. 23, 25, Jan. 8; L. J. Jan. 10. 



24 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

maior is at his owne will, and intendeth, I thinke, to waite upon 
} r our honour the next weeke, unlesse your Lordship upon any service 
of greater concernement shall command him to stay longer. I 
percieve their doubtfullnesse, what answer it would please his sacred 
Ma tie and your Lordship to give to their motion caused them a little 
to suspend their activenesse, whereby they are not so fully prepared 
as I hoped I should have found them ; but (may it please your 
honour) sat cito si sat bene. Mr. D. is that Mr. Devenish of Dorset- 
shire, whose fidelity, discretion, secrecy, and care, I hope your 
Lordship shall never find cause to question, being a man who (I am 
persuaded) would spend willingly his dearest blood in opposition of 
the C[ovenant], which we are all cleare in (and so are thousands in 
London) will lie heaviere upon us then Episcopacy ever either did 
or can, which (if his Ma tie shall please to give a gracious answer to 
our desires) I question not will be prevented. 

My Lord, the only thing I am jealous of is discovery by occasion 
of my sending to Oxford, both in regard of my many enemies, as 
also the fate (I thinke) of the towne, which ever hitherto hath had 
strange successe in discoveries: this doth a litle trouble me, and I 
should be very happy if your honour would please to give me some 
direction in it. Many waies have runne in my fancy to secure me; 
this stratagem doth like me best, if I may have your Lordship's 
approbation (for without it I will doe nothing). I may pretend to 
have large proffers made me to deliver up Alesbury to his Ma tie , 
which I may discover to my Lord of Essex, and if I can get a 
warrant from him to treat, omnis res erit in vado, I humbly conceive 
it can be no prejudice to any service to be done (either in that or 
any other kind) within the spheare of my power ; it will worke in 
them a great confidence of my fidelity, and make them secure of 
me ; and if my servants comming to Oxen be observed, and it come 
to my Lord Generall's eare, your Lordship knows how I may frame 
my answer; thus armed I shall be bold to serve his Ma tie and your 
Lordship in anything you shall command. 

Your honours devoted servant. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 25 

Attested to be a true coppy by 

JOHN MOSELY. 
Indorsed: 18 Dec. 1643, copy of L. C. Mosely to Lord Bristow. 



(15.) THE EARL OF BRISTOL TO LIEUTENANT-COLONEL MOSELY. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. foL 466.] 

Your desyres are such for the publicke quiett that yow may be 
confident of all assistance from hence. Yow goe upon a good 
grounde and such a one as must unite all honest Englishmen, 
although in other thinges of different mindes, which is not to be 
overrunn by an invasion of the Scotts, who if they should prevayle 
will tyranize both over our estates and consciences. 

As for the pretexte you speake of, a way can hardely be sett 
downe on the suddayne, but use your owne discretion to make such 
papers and invitations as yow thinke fitt to serve for a pretence 
uppon any occasion that should happen. But for your going to the 
Earle you write of, stay a little befor yow resolve on it, untill yow 
see thinges brought to a little more ripenesse. 

Tuesday, at three o'clock, 19 th . 

Send no oftner then ther is necessity. The party is directed 
whether to goe privately.* 



( 1 6.) THOMAS DEVENISH TO THE EARL OF BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 494.] 

MY LORD, 

I hope by this time Ogle is arrived att Oxford. 

The contrivance of his passage was soe happyly layde and 
ordered, thatt noe reflection of prejudice reacheth mee, which in 
relation to further services I ame nott sorry for. 

* This letter has no indorsement on it to the effect that it is a copy. 
CAMD. SOC. E 



26 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

Before hee went wee tasted some, and perticularly Mr. Ny and 
Mr. Goodwin, whoe as they are very eminent and have great 
interest in the most active people, soe. wee found them and theire 
principles leade them to itt to bee very desirous of theire liberty. 
They may proove very instrumentall when they shall have after- 
wards from the King whatt they may trust too; till when as they 
will not have sufficient grounds to bee thouroughly satisfyed in 
theyre owne breasts, soe will they nott engage themselfes with con- 
fidence to act upon the cyttysons for soe great an alteration, for if 
they have nothing to moove them by way of allurement and that all 
shall be left to theyre jealousy and feare of the Scotch and presbitery, 
itt may prevayle with them perhapps to retire ; but nott to apply 
themselfes to the King without some reasonable invitations, which 
these very feares and jealousy es may make way for the embrace- 
ment of. 

By Ogle your Lordship receaved a character whereof hee hath noe 
key, because I desire hee should know noe more then your Lordship 
shall thinke fitt, and for the farther and better prevention of any 
discovery of this great busynesse of consequence in case of inter- 
cepting any letters of or on, itt may please your Lordship by your 
next to commaund mee to whome and whither I shall superscribe my 
lettors, and your Lordship may bee pleased to direct yours to mee to 
Mr. Christopher Vine, in Peeter's Streete, in Westminster. 

There is a way layde to gitt the names of the officers in the trayne 
bands of the militia in London, and thatt beeing had, itt shall bee 
seriously considered whoe will bee the fitter to worke by, and your 
Lordship shall have an account thereof very speedyly. 

Tis conceaved the fitt choyse of persons of severall vocations to 
bee the first steppe to bee made in this worke, and therefore having 
already chosen some few of the clergy and of the army (of which I 
dare boldly reccommend L.-Coll. Mosely as a person of faythfulnesse 
and ingenuyty) twas thought convenient to make this enquyry into 
the cytty officers. 

The time of the safe conduct will bee exspired the 10th of th[is] 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 27 

instant, and therefore your Lordship will procure and send some of 
a larger date for three or foure, and yow may bee pleased to cause 
them to bee single ones, for 'twill be occasion of lesse suspition to 
have persons goe singly, and there may bee occasion of severall 
dispatches. However, itt can bee of noe disadvantage to have itt in 
our choyce. 

The bearer heerof is a person whome your Lordship may trust. 
Hee is (without beeing made acquainted with perticular persons 
engaged) in some measure made privy into the designe in generall, 
as one whoe heereafter good use may bee made of, his interest in 
that sort of people beeing greater then his outward condition 
promiseth. 

Reade to my Ld. Genrall, Sir Gilbert Gerard, Mr. Sollicitor, and 
examined to bee a true coppy by us this 5 th of January, 1643. 

P. WHARTON. 
THO. DEVENISH. 

Indorsed: Coppy of Devenish letter to Ld. Bristow, 5 Jan. 1643. 



(17.) THOMAS OGLE TO THOMAS DEVENISH a 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. foL 498.] 

SIR, 

On Weddensday b att night last late, I arrived safely here about 
9 a cloke, where I found all the portes shutt, but upon informatione 
thatt I was come by spectiall directions from his Mai 4 * they were 
opened and I brought to the partie yow know off, where, after a 
lardge discourse, his Lordship sent a gent to se me provided for that 

* The words in italics are in cipher, with a contemporary decipher written above 
them. The MS. is probably a holograph, as it is hardly likely that the copyist 
would have taken the trouble to copy the cipher. The address on the outside of the 
MS. and the remains of a seal also suggest that the paper is that which Devenish 
received. 

b Jan. 6, the day the letter is dated, was Saturday; Wednesday, Jan. 3. 



28 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

night, and the next day provisione made of chambers in Mawdleri 
Colegge to the end they should be secretly treated with all. There 
is nothing further can be don in the busines yntil they be a come. 
Pray therefore in case they be not, then send them hither with all 
possible speed, especially Mr. Nye whom* yow may assure to be 
admitted his Majesties chaplain and highly preferred upon the con- 
clusione. Pray therefore faile nott to send Mr. Nye to me, and lett 
him make haste hither, as yow and he wish wel to the business. I 
have no more to write until we mete, save only that all things are 
in as good a posture and equipage here as your harte can wish ; 
and in perticuler grea[t] care and respect had of yourselfe, of which 
yow will assuredly injoye the benentt in an ample manner ; and so 
with my harty commendations to yow and your bedfellow I rest 
your assured 

Lovinge faithfull freind, 

THOMAS OGLE. 

Jan: six*, 1643. 

Addressed: To my honored freind Mr. T. D. att W. in 
London. 

Indorsed: Ogle to Devenish, 6 Janur: 1643. 



(18.) THOMAS OGLE TO PHILIP NYE. 

[Tanner MSS. rol. Ixii. fol. 500. e ] 

SIR, 

I hope before my letter come to London to se yow here with me, 
yet doubtinge ther might be some occasione of longer stay than I 
expected, 1 did thinke it very necessarie to give an account what 
truly I find the state here since my short comminge. 

* " They be " is the correct decipher, though in the MS. an unintelligible word 
is written. 

b So by the cipher; the word written is "thorn." 
c The handwriting is the same as in No. 17. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 29 

On Weddensday* att night last, after the ports were shutt, I came 
to Oxford, which were commanded by his Ma tie to be opened upon 
intimatione that I was there, and after my cominge and stay at 
court about an hower a lodginge provided for me alsoe, where I 
made a lardge discourse and received as large a satisfactione as can 
be desired : which was that those thinges desired should be con- 
firmed, not only by his Ma tie but by the general! conselP appoynted 
here to mete very shortly, which I assure yow was either caled or 
at least hastned for this very busines upon my intimatione. 

Sir, you are principally loked upon in this busines, and your 
presence or absence here will mutch hinder or further the effectinge 
therof. Therfore, since your uttmost endeavers and abilities have 
bene always bent this way, let nothinge hinder your presence here 
to attayne the desired end, which is as sincerely intended on this 
side as it is desired of you. Pray therfore, Sir, make some excuse 
for your absence for 4 or 5 dayes, as you respect either the cause or 
your owne preferment, and faile not to come to your very lo. freind 
to serue you. 

THOMAS OGLE. 

Directed : for my reverend friend Mr. Nye one of the assembly 
give this in Westminster, to his owne hands. 6 

Indorsed : Ogle to Mr. Nye, 7 Janu: 1643. 



(19.) HEADS OF INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN BY THE EARL OF BRISTOL. 

[Tanner MSS. yol. Ixii. fol. 502.] 

The demandes in particular. 
The particulars that may induce therunto. 
That persons be imployed into all places, etc. 
That the partyes be hastned away. 

* Jan. 3. b i.e. the Oxford Parliament. 

c The cipher is the same as that used in the previous letter, but is not deciphered 
in the MS. 



30 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

L. Say, etc. 

Independents wilbe. 

Assembly goes on the same grounds. 

A disguised hand. 

To leave the papers. 

[Another hand.J Direct letters sometimes to Mr. John Squire 
at Mr. Chesterman's house over against the Crosse Inn in Oxon, 
and sometimes to M ris Emma Brome at the president's lodgings at 
Magdalen Colledge. 

Indorsed: Ld. Bristoll's Heads of Instructions to the Messenger. 
9 Janu: 1643. 



(20.) THOMAS OGLE TO THOMAS DEVENISH. 

[Copy. Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 503.] 

HONEST FRIND, 

Here is inclosed a letter* from the Lord that write unto yow. I 
did mutch admire yow write not to me, and send his letter b open 
that I might understand the contents of it. Pray hereafter let me 
receive your dispatches, and nothing be concealed from me in this 
transactione, for it can serve for no end, but to doe great harme, to 
create jelosies and suspitiones, and to bringe me into a disesteem 
here: and the mayntenance of my reputatione here wilbe a princi- 
pall meanes to effect as the means, soe the end, I and yow proposed 
in this busines. I assure yow I have already met with mighty 
clashes here, and shall every day have more, if I be discounte- 
nanced. Pray therefore send me a coppy of the letter yow sent the 
partie yow write unto, and me hereafter receive all the dispatches, 
that therby I may be inabled happily to conclude this busines. I 
have write to Mr. God. c for money. Pray let me have your 

No. 21. 

b Devenish's letter to Bristol of Jan. 5 (No. 16). 

c Mr. Goodwyn. See No. 22. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 31 

best assistance herein, for I assure yow, upon ther cominge, my 
repayment of the 100 U I received will doe them, me, and the busi- 
nes an extraordinaire advantage and creditt; for as I know yow 
doubt not my care and fidelitie herein, soe yow need not questione 
a full, clere, reall, and ingenious dealinge here. This bearer will 
informe perticulerly of his and my interteynment and conditione 
here. Ther [fore] I shall write noe more, only dy[sire] yow to 
hasten them here, to speake to Mr. G. for the money I write for, 
and let Mr. M. goe to my wife from Mr. G. with the money I 
mentioned in his letter. 

Kemember me, and recommend the busines to God in your 
prayers. Vale ! 

Yr. lo. and assured freind. 
9 mo Jan. 1643. 

Remember Wind[sor a ] and your sone. Ther is somethinge in 
your letter that seems a contradictione to what I have saide about 
that busines. Pray avoyde this roke b here after by your addresses 
and open letters to me. 

Indorsed: Coppy of Ogles to Mr. Devenish, 9 Janu. 1643. 



(21.) THE EARL OF BRISTOL TO THOMAS DEVENISH. C 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fols. 505-508.] 

Yours of the 5 th of Jan. is come safe to hand, and all things are 
dispatched according to your desire, and I doubt nott butt the 
readynesse yow find heere will bee a just ground to begett confi- 

a See No. 23. b i.e. " rock." 

c There are two copies of the Earl's letter. The one partly in cipher, with a con- 
temporary decipher, possibly the paper transmitted to Devenish from Oxford; the 
other a transcript of the whole, without any cipher. The opening words show that 
Bristol was writing to Devenish" Yours of the 5 Jan." (No. 16). 



32 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

dence, which is the first thing yow must labor to settle, of which 
this bearar hath instructions to speake with yow. Ogle is heere, 
and I beleeve will be hearty ; yett if itt were nott for the reliance 
I have upon your discretion and affection in this cause I should nott 
have those hopes which I have of good successe. I hope God will 
make yow an instrument of doeing much good and meriting much. 

The grounds that in the first place are to bee layd are these : 

Thatt men bee induced to unite themselfes agaynst the invasion 
of the Scots, whose intent can bee noe other then to overrunne this 
nation. 

Thatt men bee convinced in theire judgements that if the pres- 
bittery bee once brought in, all sorts of men thatt shall not conforme 
to them must exspect more severity and persecution in poynt of 
conscience then from the Spanish inquisition itselfe. 

Agaynst this tiranny both over men's fortunes and consciences 
there must bee an absolute union and conjunction settled in the first 
place, and this nott onely in London but over all the kingdome of 
England, thatt the odiousnesse of the Scotts invasion may possesse 
all true Englishmen's mindes. 

In the second place for the securing of the Independents of theire 
owne ease and liberty, I noe wayes doubt but when the particulars 
shalbe propounded there will be such satisfaction as will give con- 
tent to yow or any discreete person or persons that shall be imployed 
therein. Wherein I most earnestly intreate yow that noe more 
tyme may be lost, but that some trusty and able parson or parsons 
be speedily imployd, for it wilbe of greate importance that the 
buisinesse be in some sort settled before the assembly heere begins 
the 22 th of this month. a And as this care is taken for satisfying 
of Independents, soe they must lay the grounds of the assistance 
and advantages that may acrew to the King by which he may be 
induced to this favour and indulgence towards them. And truly it 
will be expected that those which have above all men bin most 
active in another way should now be as active in all things that 

* Charles's Oxford Parliament. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 33 

may conduce to the King's service, and resisting this wicked invasion 
of the Scotts, and they must endeavor to make themselves as con- 
siderable to the King as possibly may bee. 
January 9th, 1643. 

Sir John Digby, brother to Sir Kenelme, is in some place prisoner 
in London. I shal intreate yow to enquire after him and to afford 
him as much friendship as with discretion yow may, and if'.hee 
should bee in any want I pray yow supply him, and I will see yow 
satisfyed, and lett him know that yow have such order from mee. 



(22.) THOMAS OGLE TO THOMAS GOODWIN. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 504.] 

REVEREND SIR, 

This bearer can informe yow what interteinment I and he have 
had here. And what yow, your brother N. a and the rest are like to 
find; therefore I shall add nothinge, save to desire yow and him, 
as yow love the cause and your owne contrie and preferment, make 
haste to me. This bearer can tell yow what I have done in your 
busines ; my care and interest shall not be wantinge to finish itt, 
which certainly wilbe if yow be not wantinge to yourselfes, for as 
yow shall receive full satisfactione soe it is here expected that yow 
give assured testemoneye of your strength and abilities to doe the 
works proposed; for that end bringe the remonstrance with yow 
which your brother N. a toold me of, and a list of the mil[itia] and 
comfmanders] C[ity] of L[ondon], with an estimate of your 
strength in booth Ar[mie]s. And alsoe I pray bringe 100 11 or 200 li 
alonge with yow, for I am in verie great want of money, etc. 
Ther is none to be had here to supply either me or themselves. 
Except, therefore, as I labour in your worke, soe you in some 
measure assist me to live, and follow it, I cannot continew in this 

9 Nye. 
CAMD. SOC. F 



34 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 

place, but must retire myselfe elsewhere into employment. I know 
your credit is soe good amongst your congregation] that yow may 
have 200 U for askinge. In the meane tyme pray furnish my wife 
with 40 U or 50 h , that she spedily come to me with her children. 
And leave something with her disstressed father a towards his releife 
untill I can take further care for him. This gent, hath promised 
me the utmost asistance for the procuringe this money. Mr. D. 
will tell yow wher to find and how to send to my wife. Remember 
me in your prayers, and make what haste you possibly can to 

Your assured lo: faithfull 

frind to serve you. 
9 no Jan. 1643. 

Indorsed : Coppy of Ogles to Mr. Goodwin, 9 Janu. 1643. 



(23.) THOMAS OGLE TO THOMAS DEVENISH. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 533. b Undated.] 

HONEST FRIND, 

The newes we received from London of Mr. Roylies and the other 
committment haith made a stay of my first dispatch. Thes inclosed 
copies will instruct you sufficientlie of the trew state of that busines 
and its originall here, which was upon an overture from London by 
an uuknowne man. I conceive its some that I have discoursed unto 
of the moderate sorte of men, who had not patience to tarry my 
addres, beinge soe longe delayed. Now your worke is to se if this 
partie and our correspondents can be joyned firmly together, since 
the busines is soe sowne brooke outt. Assure yourselfe that ther is 

* i.e. Peter Smart. 

b This letter, and No. 25. are neither dated, signed, nor indorsed. The hand- 
writing in both is the same, and both, as internal evidence shows, were written by 
Ogle, the one to Devenish, the other to Mosely. The handwriting is not the same 
as in Ogle's letters to Devenish and Nye (Nos. 16 and 17). If, therefore, these two 
last are holographs, Nos. 23 and 25 must be copies. 

c As Ryley and Violet were committed to the Tower on Jan. 6, it seems most 
probable that this letter was written before Bristol's letter to Mosely of Jan. 15, and 
I have, therefore, reversed the order which the two hold in the Tanner MSS. 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 35 

the most really tie here can be imagined, soe gratiouse a kinge, soe 
willinge expressiones he made to me, as would have moved an harte 
of stone. Pray use your utmost dexteritie to joyne the strenght of 
booth thes parties together, and be confident of all the helpe and 
assistance from his Ma tie thatt can be possiblelie. Upon any way 
we shalbe advertised, inquire exactly of the busines, the state of itt, 
and write bake to me in my owne caracter. 

I have sent yow a gratious and fre warrant a from his Mag tie , who 
is soe well pleased with your affectiones and the settlementt of the 
desinge for Windsor before my cominge away, thatt yow may be 
assured of the benefit. Pray therefore actually and really intend it, 
and withe all speed settle it accordinge to this warrantt, that att 
worst will preserve us all, and abate the furie of this presbyterian 
factione. 

The Lord direct us all aright. Vale [?] 

Your assured faithfull freind. 

Pray seind me bake all those papers I left with yow while yow 
kepe [?] att Westminster. Haste our frind's letter. 



a In the list of documents in the Commons 1 Journals (iii. 378) is mentioned, 
" The King's warrant to Mr. Devenish to raise 200 men, under his son's com- 
mand, to be put into the garrison of Windsor." In the Lords' Journals (iv. 395) 
" The King's letter to Mr. Devenish, keeper of Winchester House, dated from 
Oxford, 12 Jan. 1643." The Kingdom's Weekly Intelligencer, No. 41, tells the 
tale as follows: "Mr. Devenish, finding his addresses so acceptable, writ again in 
figures to the Earle of Bristoll and propounded unto him a design he had to betray 
Windsor Castle at the same time into his Majesties hands, by taking advantage of 
a fear that would possess them upon the surrender of Aylesbury. His Majesty and 
the Earl of Bristoll well approved of the design, and both of them in severall 
letters, signed with their own hands, highly extolled his wisdome, promised great 
rewards, as by the letters appeares." (King's Pamphlets, E. ff ). The only 
letter written by the King to Devenish, of which report is made in the Journals 
of either House, is the one mentioned above. We possess only two letters of 
Bristol's to Devenish, and in one of these (No. 21) there is no mention of a design 
upon Windsor. 



36 A SECRET NEGOCIATION 



(24 ) THE EARL OF BRISTOL TO LIEUT.-COLONEL MOSELY. 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 510.J 

You are intreated to deferr your journeye and wholy to tende 
the bussinesse. The tyme holdeth the first day and all thinges wil 
be readye, according as is settled. You must not fayle to sende 
your man hether on Friday, to retourne to yow on Saturday, 3 and 
then advertise the major of all that is further needefull. You may 
assure your frendes that all goeth here to their mindes, and they and 
yow I doubt will have much comforte insteede of certeyne distrac- 
tion otherwayes if Scots prevayle. 

This is written by my Ld. of Bristow, my man standing by. b 

Indorsed: Ld. Bristoll to L.-Coll. Mosely, 15 Janu: 1643. 



(25.) THOMAS OGLE TO LIEUT.-COLONEL MOSELY. C 

[Tanner MSS. vol. Ixii. fol. 535. Undated.] 

HONEST FREIND, 

Last night I tarred at Court till past 11 a cloke. His Ma tie read, 
debated, consulted, upon the paper we booth signed ; the result 
whereoff you have in this inclosed paper which I received from that 
Honourable Lord you write unto, d which yow must punctually 
observe, and in case my Lord Wharton should press yow to goe up 

a 15 Jan. the date of this lettter according to the indorsement, was Monday; the 
following Friday and Saturday would therefore be Jan. 19 and 20. On Sunday, 
the 21st, the royalist forces approached Aylesbury, and the allusion must relate to 
the design upon the town. 

b These words are written in another hand to the letter. 

c See Note to No. 23. 

d His Majesty's instructions to Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely, to blow up the maga- 
zine, in case of sudden discovery, mentioned in the Commons' Journals, which may 
be identical with the document mentioned in the Lords' Journals : " The King's letter 
to Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely concerning the surrendering up to him of the town of 
Aylesbury." 



WITH CHARLES THE FIRST. 37 

about those coates yow must faine yourselfe sicke, and wholy intend 
the busines in hand. Send this bearer to me on Friday* without 
faile by whom He retourne the instrumentt, and for the dispatches 
you have for our frinds send them to London by your brother 
Sheifeild and pray send up ten pound to my wife that she may 
come to me; and write by your brother Sheifeild to my L. 
Essex 'secretary for a pass to be given your brother for Mrs. 
Marshall, her two children, and Mr. Welbye. I have here taken 
order for a wach one Mr. Simsone, which hath a pass to come 
to the French Ambassador b on Weddensday or Thursday. Pray 
therfore send away Mr. Sheifeild the morrow early and give our 
frinds all assurance of reallitie, but intimate nothinge of the busines 
in hand. I know your dexteritie and zeale attend the busines in 
hand [Last words defaced.] 



Probably Friday, Jan. 19. The Royalist forces advanced towards Aylesbury on 
Sunday, Jan. 21. This letter is probably identical with " Captain Ogle's letter to 
Lieutenant-Colonel Mosely about the time of delivery up of the town," mentioned in 
the Commons' Journals, vol. iii. p. 378. 

b The Prince of Harcourt, a special ambassador, came to England to mediate 
between the King and the Parliament. The two Houses, in answer to his overtures 
made through the Earl of Northampton, replied " that if the Prince D 'Harcourt have 
anything to propose from the French King to the Lords and Commons assembled in 
the Parliament of England, the Houses have done nothing to bar or hinder the 
Prince D'Harcourt from the usual and fitting ways of address to them." Dec. 6* 
(C. J. vol. iii. pp. 319, 330.) As Charles at this time refused to recognise the two 
Houses as the Parliament of England, Harcourt's efforts to bring about a negociation 
were necessarily unavailing. 



CAMD. SOC. 



INDEX. 



Aylesbury, promise to surrender, 6 

Bristol, Earl of, prepares to correspond with Ogle, 12 ; Accepts overtures of 
Moseley, 25 ; promises liberty of conscience to Independents, 32 

Charles I. authorises the release of Ogle, 14 ; sends a safe conduct to Ogle and 

others, 17 

Crispe, Sir Nicholas, called before the Commons, escapes from London, 1 (Note b). 
Crispe, Samuel, pays money to Ogle, 18 

Goodwin, Thomas, overtures made to him by Devenisb, 26 

MacMahon, projected escape of, 11 
Moseley visits London, 23 

Nye, Philip, in Scotland, 5 ; overtures made to him by Devenish, 26 ; offered a 
chaplaincy to the King, 28 

Poole, attempt on, 6 (Note c) 

Strode, Sir George, sends money to Ogle, 14 

Ryley, commitment of, 34 



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