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Full text of "Selections from Greek historians, arranged in the order of events"

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'llllilliiili 

HN IICP A 



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OUFLICATE 

•flOWN UNIVKIWITY 

UIHAIIY* 



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'/V%,<^«.*^ '; 



7' 

SELECTIONS , 



VBOM THS 



GREEK HISTORIANS, 



ABRANGED IN THE ORDER OF EVENTS. 



WITH NOTES, 



CORNELIUS C. FELTON, 
rBBBiDBirr of harvard mnyntarrr. 



••'■HARy. 



CAMBRIDGE: 
SEVER AND FRANOlS, * „ . 
1866. 



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B&tamd aoeotdiiig to Aet of OoDgTMi, in the jMr 1868| bj 
JOHN BABTLITT, 
in the GMl>b Ofloe or eiM Dbtriot Oonrt of tlM Urtriet or 



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X . 



AIOAIIPOS SIKEAiaXHS. 



I. INTRODUCTION. 

OvK aypo& fuv Sri roi^ ra^ ircCKaux^ fAvOoXoyta^ ovih 
TarTOfi€Pot9 ovfifialvet Kara rriv ypcufnfv iv iroXKot^ ekar" 
TovaOcu, *H /i€P yap r&v dpaypa<f>ofi€va>v ap^OMTq^ SvC' 
evpero^ ovaa iroWfiv airopiav irapex^rcu to2^ ypd(f>ov' 
aip, 1} Be r&v 'xpovoiv airarfyekia rov aKpt/Seararov eXey- » 
j(pv ov TTpoaSexpfievrf icara(f>poimv iroUi r^ urroput^ 
Tov<s ca/aytvcoa/covra^ • irpo^ Se rovrot^ 17 irouciXla kcu to 
vXrjOo^ T&v yeveaXoyovfiepeup ^ponop re luu ^fudetop 
Koi r&p SXKxop opip&p Sva'€<l>ucrop ^€^ rffp dira/yyeXiap • 
ro Se /leyurrop xal iravrwp droiroyrarop, Sri avfi^aipu 10 
T0V9 apay€ypa<f>6ra^ ra^ apyjuorara^ irpd^ei^ re km fiv- 
0o\oyla<: davfufxopov^ elpcu 7rpo9 aXXi^Xov^, jdimep r&p 
fierayevearrepoDP laropioypa^p ol irptarevopre^ r^ Sd^ 
rij^ fiep ap^aia^ /ivffoKoyui^ aire<miaav iui rrjp Bva^e^ 
peuLP, Ta9 Se peanepa^ irpa^L^ ap<iypd(l>€ip hrexeipriaap. is 
E<f)opo^ fiep yap Kvfuiio^, Jaoxparov^ i>p fuiOrjn^, 
V7ro<m)a'dfievo^ ypd^evp to? kowo^ TTpd^ei^, to? fiep 
iraXaia^ fivOdKoyw ivepefirf, ra i* diro rrj^ ^HpaxKe^ 
1 



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2 DIODOEUS SICULUS. 

Seop KaOoSov wpc^Bana tnwra^fievo^ ravrfjp cipyijjp 
erroirjcaTo t^ iaropux^, ^Oimoi<d^ Se rovrtp KaWta-Oeptf^ 
luu OeoTTOfiiro^, Kara rrfv airrrpf ^Xuciav yeyovore^, aire" 
crrqaav rZv iraXcuZv fivd^v* ^HfieU Se r^v iuearriav rov- 

B T0A9 Kpurtv e^ovre^, /ecu rov e/r t^ avafypa<f)fj^ irovov 
irrotrrdure;, rifp rroufov err$fi€K€Uiv iiroMifadfbeffa rfj^ ap- 
ycuoKjoylas;, Meyurrcu yap kcH irKeurrai awereXeaffrjaav 
rrpd^€t^ WTO r&v ^pdmv re km ^fuffemv /ecu 'froXXAv 
oXXmv avSp&v ayaO&p ' (op Bia ra^ Koiva^ cvepyeaut^ 

10 oi fierayepcarrepoi rei^ fihf iavOeoi^ tov9 S' ^pa)t/ca2^ 
dwrlai^ erifjurjaav^ wdvra^ S* o rrj^ Urropia^ Xoyo^ roU 
KaOriKowTW hralvot/^ eU ror al&pa Kofivfjnnjaev. *Ev /i€V 
ovp ToJ? 7rp6 ravTq<; iSifiKoi^ rpuriv dveypayp^ifiev ra^ 
irapa roU aXKoi^ eOveat fLv0o\oyovfi€va<; rrpd^ei^ koI ra 

w rrepi Oe&p rrap avroT^ urropovfieva^ irpo^ Se rovroi^ 
TO? rorroOeaut^ rfj^ rrap i/cdarot^ X^P^ '^^ '^^ ^vo- 
pLCpa rrap* avroh ffrjpla kcu raXKa ^^ Koi kuOoXov 
vavra ra /AV7)firj^ a^ia koL ira^a^^oXoyovfUva Sie^toV- 
T€t, €P ravrtf Si ra irapa roU "B^XXfja-iv Urropovfjbepa 

^ tcara tov9 dpj(euordrov^ j(povov^ wepl r&v ewii^veardr 
Tcov vipd)f»p re koI ^fuOecav Koi KaSoKov r&v Kara mo- 
"Kefiov a^iokoyov ri, Kareipyeurfievwv, ofwic^ Be kcu r&v 
ev eipiqvf/ Ti xpTfotfJLov rrpo^ rov Kotvov filov evpovrmv 
^ vofjLoOenja-dvrcov* 



II. THE MUSES. 

; Ilepi Be r&v Mova&v, hreiZrfirep efivrfO'Orjfiev ev 
TOi? rov Amwaov rrpd^eaw, otKeiov ctv eiff BiekOelv 



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THE MUSES. 3 

ttv Me^MKcUoi^* TauTa^ yap oi wkAerroi t&p /ix/0oypd^p 
tuu fJLaKufra o$ iehoKifiaafievot, <f>aal Ovyarepa^ elpai 
jdm tccii MpujfUHTvvr)^ ' ixiyoi Bi r&v troifirwv, iv oh 
COT* fuu ATsjtfjuw, Ovyarepa^ d'n'o<l>aipovrai Ovpavov 
icai F'^, ^Ofiolm^ h\ not Kwra rov aptdfiov Buufmvovciv * b 
oi fi€v yap rpeU \4yovcbv oI Sk ew^a, xal Ke/cpdrrjKev 
o T&v €VP€a apiOfJLO^ imo r&v i7ruf>av€erarmv avSp&v 
fi€/5a4ovfi£vo^, Xeyo) Be ^Ofi^ov re Koi ^HxrioBov letu r&v 
oKKmv t&v rotoxn^v. ^Op/qpv; pip yap 'XJyei 

Mcwrtu d' cyyra ira<rai dfuiP6fitptu 3frl uikj, 10 

HatoBo^ Be icai ra ovopura aur&p cnro^juui^erai XeycDP 

KXfi^ r' EMfmrf T€ OdXttd re Mtkarofttnf rt 
Ttp^iX^ptf r* ^Eparm rt Uo ky fitnA r* Ovpaifbj rt 
KakXtAmf 6*, tf fnf>^t»v np<Kf>€p€<rraTff €<rr)y dtrairtmp* 

TovT»p B* ifcaarg irpoaairrova-i ra9 oUeia^ Btadeaei^ 10 
r&p wepa pLOvaucrp/ eTnTrjBevpJroDV, otov iroitfrbKijp, fic 
XflBiap, opyr^aei^ Kai 'XPpeia^, currpoXoylav re teat ra 
Xoim-a rmp emtrfjBevp^irmp. IlapOevov^ B* airraid oi vKm- 
aroi yejovepot, pvOoXoyovci Bia to ra^ Kara rijp irai^ 
Beuiv operas a^opov^ Boxelp eti/iu. MoCea^ S' avra9 90 
»POfuuT0ai airo rov fivelv rots dpOpiivcv^, rovro B* 
etrrip awo rov BtBa^xetp ra /caXa km avp^epovra kcu 
vvo r£p atratBevrwp ofypoovfiepa, ^EKocvp Be irpo<rqyopla 
rov oiKeiop Xoyop dirovep4)vr^ ^aaiv ivofAocOoi rt/v 
p.€v KXeuD Bia ro rov €k rrj^ iroii^irew^ rwv ey/cc»/ua([b- » 
pevwv eiraofov f^eja icKeo^ irepvrroieip roU erraivovp^evot^, 
Evrepmfv Be dwo rov repireiv rov^ oKpoe^fievov^ T0Z9 
OTTO T^ ircuBela^ dyaffoU, Bakeiav Be cnro rov OdXXetv 
eiTi ttoKKjov^ ypdvov^ rov9 Bia r&v irovqpArtav ey/rao/Luo- 
Ij^lUvotf^, MeKirop^evfiv Se dwo rij^ fuKq^Biaii, Bi* ^ao 



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4 DIODORUS SICULUS. 

« T0V9 oKovovTO^ '^rt^^aQrcDyeuT^o^, Tefr^i/xpfyijv & onto rw 
repiretv rov^ oKpoara^ rol^ he iraiBeia^ wepyyivofievoi^ 
ayctOoU, Eparo) Be cmo rov tov^ ircuZevOivra^ woffei" 
voif^ Kcu eirepdoTots diroreTuiv, IIoKvfiPUiv Se otto tov 

6 &a iroWSj^ vfWTia'eiD^ eiTKpavei^ KarcuTKCvafyiv rou^ But 
r&v irovqfia/rtov anraBavarifypAvov^ r^ Sofy, Ovpavica^ 
Se airo rov roi;^ wcuSeuOepra^ inr twrfj^ e^aipeaffai 
TT/w ovpcofov T^ yap Sofjy kcu tow <f>povrifia(n fierec^ 
pil^€<r0cu Ta9 ^^^09 eU vy^ ovpdvMV ' KaXKionvjp Se 

10 OTTO rov /caX^v oira vrpotea-Oai, rovro S* eori t^ eve^ 
ireuf 8icul>opov ovaav a7ro8aj(fJ9 rvy^dveiv inro r&v 

OKOVOVTfOV. 



III. HERAKLES. 

Mera he raSra 17 ph/ "Hpa Bvo Spcueovra^ wrreareiKe 
T0V9 avaXaxTOvra^ to l5pe<f)o^' 6 Be Trot? #u KorairXa 

16 yel^ ixarepif r&v yei^p&v rov avyiva <7^/yfa9 anrhrvJ^e 
Tov^ BpatcovTO^. Aioirep ^Apyeloi, irv06fi€voL ro yejovo^ 
^HpcucKea wpooffyopeua-av, Sri Bi "Hpav etrye tcXeo^, ^AX- 
Kcuov rrporepov KoKovfJuevov. ToU /lev ovv oXXow ol yo- 
vek Tovvofia ireptTiOeaat, rovrq> Be [i6v<p 97 dperrj rrfp 

so rrpoiTfiyopiav eOero, Mera Be ravra 6 fACP ^Afi^vrpvwv 
ffyvyaZevOw ex TlpwBo^ fier^/crfaep eU QriPa^* 6 B* 
^HpcucKffi Tpa/(f>eh /ecu rreuBet/dei^ kcu /JLaXurra ev rolt; 
yvfivcunois BunrovrjOel^ eyevero pctyp/p re adfiaro^ rroXv 
rrpoe^mv r&v aXKoiv dirairrmv kcu '^frvyfy: Xap/rrporrjri ire- 

Kph^ofjTO^, 09 ye rifv fikuclav €<f>r)j3o^ &v irpSnov p^ep 
fjXevdepfaae to? Otj/SiK, aTroBiBois ©9 irarptBi rem vpoa* 



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by Google 



HEBAELES. 8 

viKOwra^ ydpvta^ ^TiroTeT<vfiJL€iH»v yap top Offficumf 
^Epylinp r^ jBactXei r&v Mipv&v teai /car evtavrov mpi" 
afjJvov^ <f>opoi^ reXotWcDV fieO* vfipeo^^, oi KtvramKar 
yeK T^ rSsv SeSovkcD/ievtav inrepor)^ erdK/irja-e irpa^iv 
eirtTeXecroi wepifiofirov* tov9 yap wapayevofievov^ r&v^ 
Mtw&v eni rfjv anralTqaiv r&v Saa-fA&v kcu fied^ ifipew^ 
€l<rjrparTO/i€uov^ aKpcyrrjpida'a^ e^e^oKev €/c rfj^ iroXeo)^. 
^Epylvov t* i^TOVvTo^ top euriov, Kpitav /ScurtXeumv 
r&v QfifiaUav km KorairXja^ei^ to fidpo^ rrj^ i^ovaia^ 
froifAo^ fpf ocSiBdvai top curiov r&v €yK\7)fidT<ov. *0 £* lo 
*Hp€LicXSj^ Trela-a^ rov^ ^X^Kurra^ ekevffepovv rrpf warpi" 
8a Karetrrraaev ite r&v vomsv ra^ wpoarfKeo/ieva^ irapo" 
vXia^, ^ ol TTpoyovoL atevKa roh 6eoh ^aav avaredet," 
tcore^ • ov yap fjv evpelv Kara rrjv itoKav ]Zuotuc6v SttXop 
&a TO Tav9 Mtvva^ irapayirTuKevai, t^i/ iroKiv, ipa fjurfSep-lap 15 
Xofifiopmauf ot Kara to? Grifia^ arn'oarraaeia^ epvouip. 

*0 Si ^Hpq^ysxfi wvdofupo^ ^Epyipop rov /Sa^iKea r&p 
Mipv&p irpocayeip r^ iroXei fiera arparuarSiP, af/raprrjaa^ 
aur^ Kara ripa arepo^iopiap, k(u to /ieyeOo^ rrj^ r&p 
voKefUdP 8vpdfA€C9^ aypr^arop irovrfO'as, avrop re rov90 
^Epyipop dpelKe km tov9 /a«t* ovtov o^eSoi/ wirapraq 
wiriKreofev* "AifiPto Se irpocireacup r^ iroKei r&p ^Op^ofie" 
vimp KCU 'nrapeunreamp epro^ r&p m/K&v rd re fia^l" 
Xeui r&p Mtpv&p eperrpfja-e km rifp rroKof KareaKa^^. 
neptfiorjrov Se rrj^ wpd^o)^ yepofieprf^ koO^ SKtjp t^ 25 
*E\\dBa KM iraprmp Bccvfia^oprtop ro irapaJSo^op, 6 /i€P 
da<ri\€V9 Kpetop Oavfuura^ rfjp aperifp rov peaviaKOV 
rrfp re Ovyarepa Mejapap awfpKiaev avr^ km KoOa" 
wep vl^ ypffaltp rip^ irdXcp eirerpeyp^p* Evpvaffev^ S 
rrjp /Sacikeutv ixf^P rry; *Apyela^ inroTrrevca^ Tqpm 
1* 

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6 DIODOBUS SICULUS. 

*Hp€Uc\eovq aS^irtv iMrreiripmero re (ivtoU tcai ir/xxr- 
rraTT€ reXeiif offKov^* Oij^ xnroKovovro^ he rev ^Hpor- 
Kkeov^j Zeif^ fMV awdareCKs huuesXeuo/Aevo^ inrovp' 
yelp EvpvaOel, *Hpatc\!j^ Se irapeXBoiP eU AeX/fxw /ecu 

iirepi rovrtov hrepoarr^a^ rov 6e6v eKafie j^pf^cfiov rov 
hfjjKovuTa hiori, rch OeoU SeSoKrai SdSeKa a6\ov9 re- 
Xeacu wpoardrrovro^ Evpv<r04<»^, icai rovro irpa^ama 
rev^eaOai rfj^ aBavaaUu;. 

Tovrtov Se rrpa^yQevrtov o ykv ^HpcucXf}^ hfiir^tnv eU 

10 dOv/Juav ov rrfv rvypvacof. To re yap r^ rawetvorep^ 
iovKeveof ovhafim a^u)v etcpcpe Se^ t^ iBia^ ape- 
r^, ro re r^ Au kcu irarpH fMi irelOeaOai teai davfufx}-' 
pop &f>aip€ro /col dSvparop, EU 'iroXXiiP ovp dfJi/rp(apuM9f 
efinritrropro^ avrov,''Hpa fiep eirefjvy^ air^ Xurroy i 

16 Se r^ V^t^ Swr<l>op&p eU fiapiop kpeireae, Tov wa0ov9 
S' ai^fiepov r&p <f>p€vcl>p exro^ yepofiepo^ rop fj^ 
*l6Xa€V eirefiaXero xreipeiP, exelvov He ifwyopro^ Ktu 
r&p . iraJBcDP r&p he M&ydpa^ irXaf<rlop huvrpifiivrmt 
rovrov^ <»9 iroXe/ilov^ xarero^evae. Mdyi^ Se t^ fuimaii 

m diroXuOeii, tcai hri^vov^ rrpf iSlop a^pouw, wepui^/y^ 
Ipf eirl Tfl» fjLeyeOev 7^ avfJL^pa^. Udmeiv S' avrji ot/V 
TsAmovfievtop kcu avfifrepffouprmp, eni iroXup ')(piivo¥ tcofra 
rifp ouclap ^av)(aiep, exKXiPnop to^ r&p dvOpdmenf opktr 
Xi09 re Koi wiraurr^ei^. TeKo^ Se rov ypopov ro wdOo^ 

» irpaipapro^ Kplva/i inropApeuf rov^ icwSvvov^ wapeye- 
vero irpo^ Evpvadew km irp&rop eKafiep &0Xjop diro- 
xretpcu rop ep Nefietf Xeopra. Ovro^ Se fieyeSei phf xnrep^ 
^t/*79 fpf» drpforo^ Se S>p aiZrip<p /cat p^aXiv^ teal XiOip 
rif;? Kara ^elpa fiuL^op^eprjf; irpoaeSelro dpd/yKtf^. AUrptfie 

10 2 iidXtara fierafv MvKtfv&p kcu Ne^eas irepl opo^ ro 



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HEHAKT.K& 7 

mtXovfA&wv cnro rod ^vfAfiefiffKore^ TfyijTOP* €l)(€ yap 
'frepl T^ pl^i^ Suipvya ivriveicr}, koB^ riv ecwOei ^oo- 
X€U€iv TO Bfjpiop. *0 i* ^HpcucKffi Ktvravrriaw; eiri top 
TOTTOV irpoa-e^aXof ainr^, /cai rod Of)plov avfKf>vydvTO^ 
€«9 rrjp Siwpvya ovpotcciKovd&p avr^ kcH to erepop 6 
T&p oTOfuwp €fjul>pd^a^ auP€7r\dfCTf, kcu top a\r)(€va aipl" 
7^9 T019 fipayloaiv aTreirvi^, Trfp Se Sop^ avrov irepi- 
Oefievo^, tcai Sia to juLeyeOo^ wrrap to IBmp a&pM irepCKo/' 
fimp, €tj(€ a-KeiraoTripiop t&p fiera Tavra kcpSvpodp. Aev- 
repop S' ekafiep i0\op anroKreiuair t^ip Aeppolap iSpav, lo 
^ ef aw awaaro^ e/caTOP av^epe^ e)(ppTe: K&fxiKa^ 
ly^xonf BiervirovPTo. Tovtodp S ei fua Buul>6ap€i/ri, S*- 
vXaaw 6 Tp/tjdet^ avUi totto^ * 8i rfp atmop aTjTTryro^ 
virdp)(€ip SteikfiTTTO, /ecu tear a Xiyop' to yap j(€tp(o$€P 
avrri^ fi€po^ SiffKaaiop aireSiBov fior^ffrfpui, IIpo^ Se ttjp h 
ivoTpanreXlav toutvip eTrcpo-qa-ai: Tt if)tKoTe)(pr]fia irpoai- 
ra^ep *Io\atp to airoTp/rjOep fiepo^ XafiiraSi Koiofiepij eirir' 
KoUip, tpa TTp; puavp eirtay^ tov aXfuiTO^, OvTa>9 ovp 
Xupwaofjuepo^ to ^i^p w ttip ^oX^i/ anrdPanrTe Ta9 a#f/- 
&I9, tpa TO fikfjOhf y3€\o9 exji Tfjp he Ti}9 okIZo^ 'n-Xrjyrjp s 
atfUPTOP. 

TpiTOP Si irpoKFToyfia eXjofiep ep&y/eeip top ^Epvfidp' 
Oiop Kompap ^Snrra, 89 hi^rpifiep hf t^ Aap/jrela rfj^ ^Ap^ 
§u£la/i. ^EtoKU he to irpooTajfun tovto ttoXX^i/ ex€W 
ivayipeiav • aSet yap top a/ywpi^d/Jtepop ToiovTtp 0fjpiq> to- » 
aavTffp e)(€iP irepuwtriap &<tt€ eir avTrj^ rfi^ p^X^ oKpir- 
fiw crro\afy(r0a^ tov Koipov, "Etc p,€P yap layyopra 
ai^U ttVTOP wrro t&p oSoptc^p cLp iKipSvpevae, ttXc/co Se tov 
ienrro^ xaTwiroXep^riaa^ wiretCTewep, wore top oSKop xnrap^ 
X^iP aavPT^sjeoTOP. 0/ju^ Sje Kara ttip fjuix'iv To^uev ao 



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8 DI0D0RU8 SICULU8. 

cdfievo^ dtcpt^a^ rrpf Krvfifierpiop am/jveyice rap toanrpm^ 
^Snn^ irpo^ EvpvaOea ' tv iBcov 6 fiaaikeis en), r&p &fim¥ 
^epovra, k4u <f>o^0€l^, eKptrs^ eavrov eU x^oXkow 
irlBov. "Afia Se rovroi^ irpaTTOfj^ivoi^ *HpaK\fj^ tcarfff 

6 yoDvlaaro rov^ ovofiafy^dvov^ Kemavpov^ &a rotavra^ 
(UTUK. $aXo9 r}v Keinavpo^, (uf> ov aw€^ to ttXi;- 
<nov opo^ ioKofiv ovofjMaOrjpcu * cvro^ f6y«>t9 Bexp/jLevo^ 
rov HpcueXea rov Karaxexp^f^^pov oivov iriBov aveqf^e. 
TovTOP yap /ivOoXoyovai to waKaiov Atowtrov irapoTe" 

10 0€i4T0ai Tivi Keinavptp, iccLi irpooTo^tu rare auoi^tu orop 
^HpaxXSj^ irapayevrfTOU Aioirep wrrepop Terrapin ycw- 
<U9 eiri^evrndevTO^ airrov funjaOrjiHU tov ^oKov ttj^ Al* 
ovviTOV wapayyeXMK. * Avoix^evTo^ cup tov irlOov, lau 
rffi evwhla% Sia Tqp irdKaioTffra kcu Svpafup tov otpov 

Wnrpotnreaovof]^ tow irXTfaiop ol/covat KepTOvpoi^, avpififi 
SiourTpfjOfjpai TOVTOv^. Aio kcu wpoinreaopre^ dOpooi tJ 
o^ti^o-ei tov ^oKov, KaraifKriKTUcm &pfM7}<rap wpo^ dp* 
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S' ^HpcucKfj^ irofoZol^ avpeirXdiCff toU fiia^ofAepoi^ * iSei 

m yap Siaywpl^eaOcu wpo^ tov^ diro fiep p/fjrpo^ Oeov^ op^ 
Ta9» TO Se Taxo^ exopra^ cinrwp, pdp^ Se Burtofurrov^ 
Ofjpa^^ efj/iretplap Se teal avpetrof exoPTa^ dpSp&v* T&p 
Se Karravpmp oi fiep irevKO^ curroppl^ov^ exoPT^ eirpc-' 
<rap, ol Be Trerpa^ fieyoKjo^, tiv\^ Be "KafiTrdBa^ ^fjLfUpa^^ 

fl6 irepoi Be fiov<l>opov^ TreXexet^. 'O S' oKaTom-XritcTco^ xnro" 
crra^ a^iop t&p irpoKaTecpyaafAeprnp avpeoTTjo-aTO fidxnp. 
Sinnjytapl^ero S' airroU ^ firfrrjp N€<f>e\rf woXvp ofifipop 
hcx^ova-a, BC ov tov^ pip Terpaa-KeTi^U ovk efiXxtirre, Ty 
Be Bvaip ^peur/ieptp aKeksai, t^v fiaa-tp oXurOffpav xare* 

10 CKeva^ep, AKX^ S/ua^ T0Z9 Totovrot? irpoTeprnixun irkeoc 



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by Google 



HERAKLES. 9 

pmrowTO^ *Hpcuc\fjq trapaJbo^m KarriyoDvla'aro, km tov? 
fw frKeuTTov^ dm-e/treive, rov^ S* vTroXeapOeirra^ (fyvyeiv 
r)paytca{r€. T&v S* avaip€04vTtov KevravpoDV xnrfjp^ov 
e7rul)ap€araT0i Aa^vi^ kcu ^Apyeio^ kcu *AfKf>ia)v en, Se 
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7rpo9 Be TOirro*9 Brjpeu^' kcu AovTraov kcu tpl^o^, T&v 
Se Suu^xryovTcov rov kIvSuvov iarepov Ikcutto^ n/MD" 
pta^ ^^uoOt)' Ofia£o^ fiev yap ev *ApKaZia rrjv Evpv 
affew^ aB€\<f>r)p *A\Kvovr)v fiuurdfjLevo^ ainjpedrj, E<^ tp 
Oavfuurdrjpcu avp€/3rj rov ^HpcucKea Suuf>€povTa>^ * rov lo 
tiev yap e)(0p6v Kar iBlaif ifilarjae, rr^v Se vfipc^ofievrjv 
ekeSfv emeucela Sui<f>€p€iv vTreXdfi/Savev. "Hiov id ri, crin/- 
€)8j7 rrepi rov ^HpcucXeov^ ^tkov rov ovofia^ofievov $o- 
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rr)<rev • tv *Hpcuc\fj^ /jL€ydKo7rpe7r&^ ffdyfra<: wro ro opo^ 
eOrjKev, 8 <rn^\ij^ evBo^ov yeyove Kpeirrov • ^o\dr) yap 
ovofia^ofJLevov Bia rfj^ eirayvvfila^ p/rjwet rov ra<f>€vra 
KCU ov Bi emypcupifj^. *OfjLola><; Be kcH Xetpwva rov to 
enl T^ larpiK^ Oavfut^ofievov oKovtrm^ ro^ov fioXij Bte^ 
if>d€ip€. Kcu rrepl fjfiv r&v Kevravpwv ucavSi^ fipHv 

eipTfcOci}* 

Mera Be ravr €\a/3e irpo(rraypLa rrjv ypvcoKepfOV 
fw ovactv €Xcuf>ov, rdjf^ec Be Bta^ipovcav, dyayeiv. Tov- 28 
rov Be rov iffkov avvre\&v Tqv emvouiv €aj(€v ovk 
ajfpriarorepav rrj^ Kara ro a&fia fHOfirf^, Ot, fiev yap (f>a- 
ortp avrrfv apKvatv eXelv, ol Be Bia rrj^ a'ri^ela^ X^^P^' 
caaffcu KoOevBovcav, rtv€<; Be awe^j^l Buoyfi^ Karairo^ 
vrjo'cu • irXriv avev fiia^ kcu kwBvv(i>v Bia t^9 Kara rrjv 30 



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by Google 



10 DI0D0BU8 SICULUS. 

^vxfjp arfjfufola^ rov iffkov tovtov teare^fyaaxvro, *0 S^ 
*Hp€ucKffi 'jrpooTOjfJM Xafitov ra^ he rfj^ Srvfi^aXiSo^ 
XLfwri^ ipviOtK e^eKda-tu, t^X^V ^ eirwoui paZlc^ avp^ 
ereXjea-e rov iffKjov. ^Ewen-oKaa-e yap, a>^ eoucev, opvld^v 
$ifX^6o^ dfwOffTOv, leat t(W ev t§ ir\ff<riov x^P9 '^^V 
irov^ ekvfialveTO. Buf fiiv otv dBvvarov ffv j(l^ipaa'aa$(u 
ra ^<^ Sia t^p inrep^oXofv rov vXrfiov^, ^\oTe)(yov S* 
hrcvoia/9 1} irpalji^ irpoaeheiro. Aionrep KarcLaKevaaa^ X^*^ 
tcfjiv wXarouyrflf, tccu, hid ravrrf^ i^aiaiov KOfrcunceva^wf 
0'^^'0<f>ov, e^e^jSei ra {i^ kcu irdpa^ r^ <nwe)(€Uf rov 
icpdrov pqZuo^ eicm'o\ep,r^<v; xaOapdv eirolff^re rrpf Ai- 
/iti/171/. TekeciK Se kcu tovtop rov iSkov tkafie itap^ 
EvpvaOeay^ Trpoararffia Tt]V avXrjv rov Avyeov Koddpcu 
p/rjBeiio^ fiorjOovpro^ • oSny S' etc woWj&p p^Von^ rfipoi- 

u^o'p.eprjv KOTTpop ^x^ wrrXarop, ^ ijSpeeo^ hmcep Evpv 
oOeis TTpoa-eralje tcaOapcu, *0 S' ^HpcucXrj^ ro pip toZ? 
&p/n^ e^epeyKCCP ravrtfV direioKlp^aa-ep, hckXJtwp rtfp he 
Ti}9 v/9p6a)9 alaxyv^v * kir<vfarfO)P he rop *AK^iop koKov" 
pLCPOp irorapLOP ejri Tt]V av\7\p, kcU &a rov pevfiaro^ 

90 iKKoddpa^ cwrrfp, %a>pi9 vfipec^^ avperiksae rov iSkov 
hf rip^ipa /i^. Alo k(u OavpAactc av r^ rfjv eirlvotav * 
TO yap v7r€p7j(l>avop rov irpoaraypuro^ X^^ alaxyvfi^ 
errereXeaev, ovSev xnrop^iva^ ava^cov t^ aOapaauv:^ 
Merd Se ravra \aj3oDP dOXop rop he KprjfTfi^ ravpop 

25 ayayeiv, ov Ilaat^drfv epaaO^va^ <l>aa'i, ifkevtra^ ew rrfp 
vrjaop, KCU Mivay rop ^a^rcXea ovpepyop Xa/Sdp, iffo/yep 
avrop 6t9 IleXoTroppijaop, ro TrjXiKOvrop Trekayo^ eir 
avr^ pavaroXrjOck, 

TeXecas he rovrov rop dffXop r))P ^OXvfnruiKOP oyA- 

ao va avpearrjaaro, KaXKurrov r&p rorrwp irpo^ rfjXucavnfv 



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by Google 



SDBSAXLBS. 11 

Tomf/vpiv irpoKpiva^ ro impa rmf *AXjif>€U)v irorafwp 
veBiov, Of ^ rov dyatva tovtqv r^ Aii r^ irarrpl^ lec^ 
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fiwp fuadop. Ta he aSkqpLara iravra curro^ aSrjplre^ 6 
hfUffcet fdojBepo^ ro\pn^a<uno<!: avr^ avytepi6fiv(u Sia rijp 
m^pfioXifp rffi dperijfi, icahrcp t&p aS>jqpArmp evcanuop 
aXkrikjo¥; opt»p • top yap irvtcrrfp rj ira^KpaTUurrrfp rov 
cra&Um^ Swr/coXop ir€p¥y€P€a0(u, tcai wciXip ivp hf roU 
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roU /Sapeaip v7r€p€)(ppTWS Svaj(€p€^ KaraTropfia'au Air- 
oirep eucoTto^ ejepero rifworaro^ diraprap t&p dy<opo9P 
ovTO^f Ttpf dpyrpf m (VfoSov Xafiwp, Ovk o^wp Se ircLr 
poKiTreUp ovSi roi vwo rSyp BeSw SoOelaa^ avr^ Swpea^ 
&a rrpf aperffl/* ^Airo yap reap woXefumf rpairano^ avrov is 
vfH^ dpeaei^ re Ktu 'jrapfjyvp€c<; h-c Be eopra^ km oyoi- 
vo^f erlfntjaap {urrop Saapeah ohceuu^ SKoarro^ r&p deAp, 
*A0fiP^ fiep TrenrX^, *'H^>aurTO^ Se poiraKtp kcu OtopoKi * 
Koi iFfKH; dXkrJKoif^ e^tXorLfirjOTjaav cl wpoetprffiepoi Oeol 
Kara to? re^P^* rfj^ pip Trpo? elprjPiKTJp diroXavaiP koI 20 
rep^ip, rov Se irpo^ rrjp r&p iroXep.iK&p Kiphvptop a^r^a^ 
Xeioy. T&p S' aXKcop UoaeiJBSfp p,€P iTnrou^ eSafpn^aro^ 
^Epfjktfi te ^l<f>o^, ^AiroWtDP Be ro^p re eBaoxe koI ro- 
^eveip eSiiSofe^ Arip,rfrfip Se irpo<: rop KaOapfibp rov 
Kepravp^p ^pov ra p4jcpa pvarripuL avpetrrrjaaro, rov 2s 

HpoMkea ryp£)aa 

Mera Sc ravra r&p rrepX Tqp IlaXKrfPTfp ypydprcop 
^p4pmp rop irpo^ rov^ dOavdrov^ irdXep^p, ^HpajcKffi 
ro^ 6eo¥; avpa/ytopurap^po^, koI 7roXXot/9 apeXtop r&p 
ytiyep&p, diroBojflj^ ^'^^ '^ fAeyltrrrj^. Zev^ yap roif^ 30 



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12 DIODOBUS SICULUa 

lup tnwajwvurafiepov^ rSny 0€&v fAovov^ iwopMotp^ 
* Okufim-iov^p tva rp ravrtf^ nfi^ o dya6f69 Kocfi/rjOel^ 
hrwwfjuif Bio^epff rou yeipovo^* rj^uMre Be ravrtf^ ttj^ 
wpocrjyopuK r&v €k Ovtfr&p jmHweSfP yevofieiwu AiA-^ 

s vvaov Kcu *Hp€ucKeat ov /aopov oti irarpi)^ fjaav Alo^ 
aX\' iri, KM TTflf irpocupeauf ofiolav €aj(pv, evepyerqaav 
T69 fieydXa top fiiov r&v av6pvmfov. Zev^ Se, npofi/ti* 
tfeW wapaBovTO^ ro wvp T0i9 avOpcmoK, heapoi^ Kare- 
Xafiero Kai Trapearffcev ojerov rov iaOiovTa ro fpraf. 

10 avTov. *Hpatc>Jj^ Be op&v rij^ nficDpuK avrov rvyyavov 
ra Buk riflf r&v avdpwnwv evepyeaiav, rop fiev aerov 
tcarero^eva-e, rop Be Ala ireiaa^ Xf}^ rff^ opyfj^ iafoce 
rov KOiPOP evepyenjp. Mera Be ravra iXafiep iffXop 
aya/yehf ra^ Aiofii^v^ rov Spiaiui^ tmrov^. Avra>i Be 

iS j(a\Ka^ li€P ^rp(K el^fpp Bia rijp aypiortjra, dkuaeai Be 
ai^pw But rffp iaj(yp eBeafievopro, rpotfyrfv £' eKap^ 
fiopop ov rffp he yfj^ <f>vofiepf)P, dXKa ra r&p (epo^p 
fiekrf Buupovfiepcu rpo^yqp et^ov rrfp <rvfju})opap r&p 
dxKTfpovproDP. Tavra^ 6 'HpcucXfj^ fiovkofxepo^ jfeipfoaa- 

20 adat, rop tcvptop Aiofirfifjp irapefiaXe^ kcu rah rov ira^ 
popofietp BiBa^apro^ aap^lp e/arXfjpo^a'as Tqp epBeuip r&v 
^fftmp evireiOeh eayep* EvpvaOev^ Be, ayjSeur&p rrpo^ 
avrop r&p tmrwp, raura^ p^ lepa^ hrolrfo-ep "Hpa^, &p 
rrip ejTiyoprjp ovpefiff Buifiecpeu p^exp$ rf}^ ^Ake^apBpov 

» rov MaxeBoPO^ ^aaCKeia^. Tovrop Be rop idXop hrire- 
Xeaa^, /a€t laaopo^ ovpe^eTrXevce avarparevamp ewl 
ro "Xpvo-ofUiXXop Bepo^ et^ K6\j(pv^» *AXKa irepl pip 
rovroDP €p T^ r&p *Apyopavr&p crpareia ra Kara p^epo^ 
BU^^pkCP. 

•0 ^HpoKKfjf; Sc Tiofiiop irpoarcpyp>a rop ^I'/nrokvrr^ rij^ 



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HERAKLES. 13 

*Afui^oi3^o^ heyiceaf ^<rnjpa rrfv eni t^ *AfAa^ova^ {rrpa* 
THoi^ eirotr^aro. IlXeuaas oip eU rov anf ImIvov JSv- 
l^wov Kkridivra Uovrov, tcai tcaram-'Kevaa^ eiri ra^ €«- 
ficXa^ Tov GepfjuDhopTo^ irprafAOv, TrXffalov GefucKvpa^ 
7roXtfc»9 KtvrearparfmtBeuaevy ev ^ ra fia<rt\£ia r&y ^AfjLa- b 
^ow»v vTrijpxe^ Kol ro piv irp&rov ^a wop aur&v rov 
irpo<rr€TajfUvov ^axrrripa* w S' ovx irrrrjieovov, avpfp^e 
M^XV^ ovTo!?. 1% fjiev ovv aXKo itXj^o^ airr&v dvrerd- 
%ft; ToU iroXKoU' ai 8e r^fucyrareu Kar airrov ra^ 
y9^%aaA rov *Hpcuc\ea fui)(7iv Koprrepav aweon^travro. lo 
Upwni juiev yap aur^ awdy^ua-a p^yf^v "AeXKa kcu Sia 
TO rdyp^ ravrq^ rereirxyia rrj^ irpofrrjyopla^ o^vrepov 
nfpev axrr^ rov dvrvraydivrcu Aevrepa Se ^iXimrU 
€u$v9 €K rij^ wpdrnf^ avoToaeto^ Kcupla irXffy^ irepvire^ 
aova-a B^Oaptf. Mera Se ravra Upodori avvrpfre fta- is 
jfTfv, r^v he wpo/eXTJa-eco^ e^fxurav hrraKif; v€vtKf}K€vcu liv 
canifra^pLevov, Heaoitni^ Se kcu raurrf^, reraprrjv eyei" 
paxraro rrpf ovopM^ofMcvrfv ^Eplffouiv. Avrrj Se Sia rrp/ 
€v roi9 iroXep^ucov: ar/Staiv avBpayadiav Kouytop^evri /ii/Se- 
vo^ Xpeio'P ^eiv fioffOov, y^^evSfj rrjv errcvyyeXiav laj(€^ 
Kp€vrrov^ irepivea-owrcL Mera S€ ravra^ KeKouvw kcH 
Evpvfiia Koi foi/3f), ^AprefuBo^ ovaai ovyKwrfjol koI 
Sia 7ravT09 €v<rrdj(m dKovrl^ovo-at, rov &fa aKOirov ovic 
erpwaav, aXX' eavral^ <rvva(nrl^ovirai irourat rdre xare- 
Komicav. Mera Sk roAira^ Aijiaveipav /ecu Aareplav^ 
teal Mapirrjv m Se TeKp/rjatrav kcu ^AXKnnrqv e)(€ip(oaa- 
ro. Avrrj Be ofMoaaaa irofOevo^ Biap^eveiv, rov piv 8pKov 
Burriprfae, ro Be ^v ov Bieif>v\a^€V, *H Be rrjv arparrf' 
ylav iypwra r&v *ApM^6vo9v MeXavlwinj kcu 6avfJM^op,ev7f 
fidXiara B& dvBpeicuf cmeffcike rifv riyep^viav, ^HpoKKfj^ aa 
2 



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14 DIODORUS SICULUS. 

he r<K en-ufHweoTara^ r&v ^Afiafyvt^v aveXMV icai r^ 
Xotirov 7rX^09 (fwyelv tTWcamrfKMra^ icaretcoyfte ra^ wXe*- 
OTO^, &<rr€ TToan-ekSf^ to Sdvo^ outAp awrpififjvai. TAp 
Se alj^fiaKayrlSa^p ^AprioTrrfp fjiiep ^(Ofnia-aro Otfo-el, Me- 

6 XaviTnrrfp Be cnreXuTpmirep canCKafifop top ^e^crlipa, 

Evpv^ew^ te irpo<rrd^avTo^ iSkop BeKorop ra^ 
rtjpvopov )8ou9 df/a/yeip, &9 pefAeaOai (rvpefimve rij^ ^Ifiv 
pla^ €P TOK ^/oo9 TOP *fi/ce€UfOP /eeK\$fJL€Poi^ fiepeatp, ^Hpa^ 
#fX^ ffemp&p Toy iropov tovtop fieyaXff^ vpoaBeofievop 

10 ic€ucowcL0eicv; km irapaaKevfj^^ atwearria'arro crohjop a^- 
Xoyop fciu irKfjBo^ <rrpa/rwyr&p d^ti6j(pe(OP eni ravrfjp rrfp 
crpareiav, Aiefiefiorfro yap Kara ircurap rijp oueovfjmnfP 
iri, Xpvcdayp 6 Xafimp dm rov irKovrov ttjp wpo<nffopUaf 
^oaOkMvei /JL€P artraaff^ ^Ififfpia^, rpeU S* e%e« crwar/mpt'* 

IS <rra9 v2ot$9> BuupepoPTO^ raU re pmfuu^ t&p atofuirfov 
Ktu TOW ep roi^ iroXjepMedv: ar/Airaf apBpayoBuu^, irpo^ 
Se rovToi^ ore t&p vIAp eKO^aro^ fieyakxi/^ exjei Svpdfiet^ 
avpeoTtoca^ if apBp&p iMV)(lpAOV &p S^ X^^ ^ A^ 
EvpwrOev^ pafil^<a>p Bva'e<f>ucTOP etpcu rrjp eiri rovrov^ 

ao oTpareuLP, TrpoaereTajfec top irpoeiprffiepop a0Kop* *0 S' 
HpOKklj^ axoKovOto^ raui wpOKaTeipya^rfMepot/i irpd^ai 
reOappffKono^ vfretrnj tow kwBvpov^. Kai ra^ /jUp Bv 
pdfiei^ ffdpourep eJ? Kprjfrqp, KeKpuc^ he tovttj^ irnnel' 
<rd<u TffP op/jLrjP* a^)dBpa yap €i^v<b9 iJ 1^09 oJrny 

as Kelra^ 7r/909 to^ &!> SX/ijp rffp oueovfiepffp arparela^ ' W"po 
Be T^ ai/aywy^ Tip/rfOel^ vrro t&p eyxoi>pio}p fjLeyaKorrpe" 
irw, Koi fioukofjkepo^ roU Kprfoi x^P^<^^^ KoOapcu^ 
erroiffo'e Tqp prjcrop t&p dripmp, Aidirep €P toa9 Sarepoh 
'Xpopoi^ ouBep €Ti t&p aypuop ^^p xmfjpyp; ep t^ viJ- 

m o'ip, oifOP apKTonf, Xuk^p, i<f>e<ov ^ t&p oXXmp t&p to$ 



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HWRAKTiKS. 15' 

cormv* TaSha S' iirpafyif aiFQff€(annfmv r^ vtjaop, ev ^ 
ftvdoXoyoOar^ /uu yepeaOtu scai.rpwfnfpcu top Ala. Iloiit^ 
a-dfjLepo^ oZp tw ck ravrfj^ irKovp Kar^pep eU r^ Ai" 
fivfip, tcai irpSnop ^€P ^Aptcuov top pdiJUff aonfiAro^ icai 
iraKoUcrpa^ ifjm^ipuf Suifi9l3offffiepop /uu tou9 uir' atrrov f 
/tarwiraXaurOevrtK ^evov^ aTroxreipapra irpoKaXeaafi^po^ 
m fJuixtP fciu avfJim-Xaxw iU^dupep. *Jjc6Kov0o»^ Si 
revToi^ r^ pip A^vrjp wXriOovaap offpitop Ijijpc^p woXKa 
raw tcara rrjip iprffJLOP x^i>pap jd'^pwcdfiepo^ e^/iepcoa-ep, 
wrre /vol yewpyuu^ teai raU SXKat^ ^vrtiai^ rcu^ rovs lo 
tcapTTW irapcuncevafywcu^ w\rfp<o0fjv(u iroXKajp pip d/x- 
weXoipvTOP irdXXifP Se €Kato<f>opop * koBoKov £e rifP A$' 
fivfflf hiCL TO irkffio^ twp xarcL rrfp yiapap Offpicop aol- 
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/MK evSaipopuf XelireaOcu, *Opouo^ i\ kcH tov9 irapavo- 15 
povpra^ ap0pJyirov^ ^ hvpcurra^ v7r€prf<f>dpov^ dm-ofcrel' 
pa9 TO? iroXci^ eiroirfaep evBalpopo^. MvOoXoyovai B* 
auTCP Sia rovTo punjaai tetu iroXepfjaat to ytpo^ t&p 
arfpieap Offpuop K(U irapapdpa>p apZpS>p, ^i waiSi pep 
opTi pTfirup avpejSff tov^ o<f>€i^ eni/SovXov^ avT^ yepe^ 90 
<r0(u, opSpfoffepTi Se ve<r€lp vir e^ovaUof vvrepriilwpov kcu 
aiiKOV popop^ov Tov Tov^ aOXov^ irpooTaTTOPTO^. 

Mera Si top ^AptcUov OavaTOP 'irapeKJdo}p w Atyv 
WTOP dp€?Ke Bouacpcp top jSaaiXea ^epofcropovpTa tov^ 
wapemSrfpovpTO^. Aie^icDP he tt^p opvSpop 7179 AijSvri^, as 
Kcu wepiTV^p X^P9 icaTappifTfp kcu Kaprro^optp, itoKlp 
S/CTure Oavpatrrrjp t^ peyedei, ttjp opopa^opepijp ^Ekot 
TopjTroKoPi 17 edero tj)p 7rpo<nfyopiap airo tov irXr^dov^ 
T&p /car airrip ttvK&p, Aiapepeprjtce Se 17 Tourrj^ t^ 
vo\ee9^ evSatpoPM pej(pi, t&p peorrepaap iccupwp, ep o^^m 



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16 DI0D0BU8 SI0ULU8. 

Kiu KafyxffSifii/u)^ Supafj^aiv a^ioXoyoi^ /ecu crparfiyu/i 
ayaSoh <TTparev<Tavr€^ m avrrfp tcvptoi KarrioTf^aav* 
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eni TOP 7r/309 raSelpoi^ ^fl/ceavov, xai <mJXa9 eOero Koff* 
6 exarepav r&v rj^elptov, XvftmapairKeovro^ Se rov <rroXov 
Staj3a^ 6^9 T7IV IfirjpuLV, kcu tcardKa^oDV rou^ Xpvaao 
po^ vlov^ rpuri Svpdfieat fieydXcu^ KaTeoTparoTreBev/ed' 
ra^ €K StaarrifiaTO^, iravras tov9 rjy€ii6v(K he wpOKKri^ 
<r6Q)9 cwekav teal rijp ^Ifitfpiav jfecpc^a-dfi^evo^ dirrJKaa'e 
10 ra^ BioDvofJMa'fievas r&v PoS>v dyiXjaf;, Aie^mv tk t^ 
T&v ipripaav j((opav, kcu rtfirjdel^ xnro rivo^ r&v hfXJ^^ 
pioDp fiaaiXeoo^, avSpo^ evaefieuf kcu Sucaioavptf Suuf>€- 
povTo^t /careTuire fiepo^ r&v fio&v kv itapeai^ r^ Pcuri, 
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15 eifULvrov i/e tovt&v eOvev avr^ rov KaWtareuovTa r&v 
ravptov * TO? te /3ov<: Trjpovfieva^ cupefirj iepof; iiafielvcu 
Kara rrjv ^Ifirjplav fiexpi tS>v Ka&* rum^ Kcup&p. 

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fiev, ouceiov elvcu vofii^ofiev Trepl avr&v BieXdecv. *Hpa- 

so ^X^ yap wapa^aXoDP 6&9 to? cucpa^ rSnf tj^relpoDP to? 

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3* CKevcLaaPTO^y 0)9 Be Ttj/€9 (fnuri, rovpapTiop t&p rprei^ 



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HEBAKLEa 17 

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va4CT&v TOP "EpvKa, Bidr^ iroXv XeliroPTai, t^ a^la^ iU ao 

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18 DIODOBUS SIOULUS. 

he Tov ^HpoKXeov^ atn^^MUfOfievov Swri^, &p ravra/i dwo^ 
fidXp, €rT€(}f)0ri(T€T{u rfj^ ajBavaala^, evSo/criaa/9 6 "Epv^ 
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ras, Aeu/eatnnp mi IlehuucpdTqp /cai Boi/ifydpap mu Fku-- 

10 ;^c^Tai/ eri Se Bvraiap xal Kpvriiap. 



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eldtap^epa^ 0vala^ iraSZa*; d^iopov^ ylpeaOat kcu tow t€- ao 



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20 DIODORUS SICULUS. 

rekevn/ffcoinv Ofiolov^, *A)OC ovrot fUv, irav ev^f/Tal 1 19 
am'oSwaeiv Tqv Ovaiav kcu ive'^ypov rfj^ Ovaux^ avaSelfy 
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eKevOepoDV re kcu SovXmv ycvofieinf^, /careBei^eaf tecu tov9 

JO oucera^ iBla TifuSi/ro? rov Oeov Ocdavv^ re avvdyeiv xtu 
cwiovra^ evtoy^M^ re Kai, dvclas ry 0e^ awreXelv, *0 
S HpcucKfj^ fiera rcov fiocov wepauoOei^ ei^ rr)P IraXuip 
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r&v fioSv avevKe, Kportova Be aicovaUo^ aTro/creiva^ eday^, 

IB fJ^aXoTrpeTToo^ tcaU rd<l>ov avrov Karea-Kevaae* wpoehre 
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86 Movacuov rod ^Op^eto^ vlov rore trpoearqicdro^ rffi re- 
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0BPHieU8.-THE ABGONAUTS. 31 



IV. ORPHEUS. 

^Eirei S* *0p^4ta^ efLvria'dfffiev, ovtc avoUetov itm 

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auTOV rereXevTqKviav dvayayelv i^ ^AiZov irapaifK/qalio^ 

T^ Aiow<T(p * KCU yap €K€lpov pvOokoyovaLV ava^a/yelv 

rriv ^i/rjrepa SefieKr^v e^ ^AiZov, kcu fjLeraBovra rrj^ dOa^ 

vncuK Ov(ovrjv fierovofiaacu* 90 



V. THE ARGONAUTS. 

Ilepl Be r&v ^Apyovavroov, CTreiBTj rovroi^ ^HpcucXfj^ 
avi/eoTpdrewrev, ohcelov av elrj BteXOeiv irepl aurciif 



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3af DIODOBUS SICULTJB. 

Ida-ova yeveaOai Xeyovtrcp viop fiep Alovvo^, aSeXi^tiow 
Si IleXlov Tov &erra'K&p ficurikw^, (^H^ S^ co^fuiTo^ 
Kcu '^^^JX^ Xa/MTTpoTTfTt St€P€y/cavTa T&v fjTuKtan&v em,- 
OvfiSjaal n irpa^cu panifjuq^ a^tov. ^OpAvra Se top irpo 

6 ainov Tlepa-ea tcai riva^ oWot;? 5^ to^ inrepopiov^ 
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OTov Terevj^oTO?, ^rjk&triu to? 'n'poaipi<r€¥; avr&p. Aio 
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10 S01/T09 irpoaya/jelp ei? eiriijxivetap top pecofla/cop w €X- 
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96 TO irpi}^ TTfP hrifioXriP, 

Em irparrop fiep irepi, to IItiXiop pawnfyTiaaaOcu to 
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TOT€ avpr^Oeuip inrepfidXXop, Bul to ax^Blcw: irXelp tov^ 
TiTe dvOpdnrov^ kcu fiucpoU vapTeXm djcaTun^. Aio kcu 

ao tSup iBopTODP avTo TOT€ KaTairXffTTo/iiepwp, KCU T^ i>Vf^ 



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THB ABGONAUTS. 2S 

BtaSoOcicff^ futra rrpf 'EXXaBa wepi re rov affkov /ctu 
7if9 Kara rip; vaxnnjyuw einfioKff^, ovk oXlyov^ r&v ep 
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ra iroun rot^ avriKOva vfm esnrkrj^w \afjvrrp&^ &e\€^i & 
rw opeyofAmow t^ avrij^ trpocupea-etiK roif^ eiri^vearar 
rov^ dpurrel^, &(rr€ avp avr^ rov^ anravr<K Awu 'ir€vrr^ 
Kovra zeal rerraptK. Toinwv S* \nrapj(ew kvho^ordrov^ 
Kaurropa kcll IIoKvSevKTfp, in £' ^Hpcuckea km TeXa- 
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XifAtycv rop itKjovp em rip KoX^/So. Ti)y 8e paup *Apym 
wpocityopeudfpmi Kara fJbOf runK r&p fAV0oypcuf>t)P dmv 
rov ro trK€uf>o^ dp^ireKrovrja-avro^ "Apyov km trvpm-Xev- 
^avro^ Si^Ka rov depanrevetv del ra rrovovvra fiepTf t^ 11 
i«6»9» «>9 S ev^oi Xeyova-cv, airo rij^ irepi ro rdyo^ vtrep- 
/3dX^, oi? €Lp rwv dp^aioDV dpyop ro ra^ irpoaayopev 

OPr69P. 

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wapaXXAi^avra^ rov re Adw xai SafwOpaKffv, '^(eifi&vi 
wepiireffclv, kuI irpoaeve^dfjvav rryi TptpaSo^ irpo^ Slyeiov. 
EvravOa h avrcov rrjv airofiaaiv trovqaafievfuv eupeOrjvai 
^a^n irapOevov SeSefievrjv irapa rov aiyuOCov hia rotuvra^ 96 
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pap* tnio he rovrov roi;^ irapa toi/ twfuiy^v hiarplPovra^ 
KM rov9 y€(opyovvra/i rrpf irapaBoKarrtov rrapoBo^^ m 



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24 DI0DOBU8 SICULn& 

trvifafmc^eaBcu * 7/309 Se rovroi^ XoifJbov efvfrweip tU ra 
wXt^ ic€U Kapir&v iravreKij if)0opeaf, ware wdvra^ ix^ 
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^roi irpo9 Tov ^AiroXKto roif^ etrepcarriaovTa^ irepl rw 
avftfie/SfiKOTcnf. ^EtcirecovTO^ olv yjyqapjov fMjvtv xnrap- 
yew no(T€iSi)vo^, Kcu Tore rauTtfP Xrf^tv Srav ol Tp&e^ 
TO Xa'xpv T&v riiOHov hcovtrUo^ irapahSHri Popov r^ itifreiy 

\Q^>a4nv amavr^v ek rov KKijpov efifiiuvovTc^v eiraveXjOeuf 

eU ^Ha-iovffv rriv rov /ScunXeio^ dvyarepeu Aurirtp top 

AcLoaehovra avPaporfKoaOana impaBovptu rifp wapOeuop 

KCkL SeauoU KaraXafiofiepov anroXvirelp irapa top oiyidKov. 

^EvravOa top ^HpajcXea fiera rw *ApyopauT&p rijy 

15 airo^cuTUf irovqirdfiepop, luu iiaOopra irapa rffi lUpff^ rtiP 
irepvtrmuw, opappfj^i pip rov^ irepl to c&p^a SecfAov^, 
avafiopra S' w: ttip iroKw errtvyyelkaa-Oiu rA /SfluriXe* 
Suuf>0€p€lp ro /djro^. Tov Se AcMfA^PTo^ cnro^^fA€Pov 
TOP Xdyop MU ^peop Smceiv eirajyeiXafiepov ra^ dpi- 

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pflP ixJcOiu rop fiera rov ^epov fiiop, oi popop rfj^ 

» avyyepeia^ rrjp evepyeciav irpoKpipoaap, dXKa kcX ^o- 
fiovfi€Pf)P pJq iraKiv ^pcpro^ KtfTov^ irpo^ t^p opolap 
info r&p iroTarwp hcreOy ripMpiap. T^v S' ovv ^Hpa- 
tcXea &Dpot9 MU rol^ wpoariKOva't ^lot^ Xapwpw t«-* 
p/rf0€pra rrjp ^Hcioprpf Ktu to? vmrov^ wapaffeoBtu 

loT{» AaofUSoprh cmna^ap^pov pera r^y etc KjoKytap 



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by Google 



THE ARGONAUTS. SS 

ifravoSop qnroKrjf^irdai raura, avrov 8' apayjSfpHU fiera 
r&v ApyovavT&v Kara {nrovSfjv eni top wpoKeifievoif 
ZBXjov. 

*Einy€vofi€Vov Sk fuydXou j(€tfiS>vo^, kcu tSw apt," 
aTea>¥ anroyuwKrKOvrwv Tqv (romjpuiv, <f>a4nv Op^ect, f 
T^ T€Xe7fi^ fjLovov T&v ovfimXeovTeov fi€T€<r)(f)Kora, iro*iy- 
acurOai tow Sa/ioOpa^i ra^ wrep rrj^ ccmffpia^ cux^^* 
Evdis Be rod Trveufiaro^ epBovro^, scai hvolv lurrepwp 
iai Tci^ r&v AiocKovpittv /t€<f>a\a^ eirvtreavvrw^, Snrcoh- 
TO^ t^kv hcTrXayfpnu to irapaZo^cVt wroXafietv Be de&if M 
irpopola T&v xufSvPdV eavroif^ wirqKKi)(0(U. Aw koi 
ToJp eiTiytyo/jLevot^ irapaZoirlnov yeyeprffievrf^ rf}^ ire" 
piirereia^, del tov9 x^t/Aa{b/i€wn;9 rSn/ vXedvrwp evya^ 
/*ey rldeaOfu rd!^ Safjuidptf^c, Ta9 Be r&v curreptov 
wapovfTia^ dvomepnrew €t9 rip; r&v AiocKovptov eir^ is 
^>dv€iav. Ov fi^v dWa rdre Xtj^avro^ rov yeipMivo^ 
dfirofirpfoi pip roif^ dpurreU' rfj^ Bp^/ct}^ eU rr^p vtto 
tipee»^ fiaaiXevopJinjp x^P^^* rrepiireaelv Be Bvai ve^ 
avuTKOis hri rtp^pla BuapvypJpoi^ kcu /xoortft ttXi;- 
ya9 ovP€X€c^ Xapfidpovci * rovrov^ S' inrdpyeuf $^» 
PH9^ viov^ Kci Kkeonrdrpa^t V^ tfxKnp e^ ^SlpeiOvla^ 
rtjl^ *Ep€j(jSe<»^ yeppffOfjpcu koi Bopeov, Bia Be p/rp-pvi" 
Wi roKpuuf K(u ButfidKoi '^^^evBeU rvy^dpopra^ tnro 
Tot) irarpo^ dBucoo^ rrj^ vpoe^yrfpkepff^ r^pM}pia^. Top 
yap ^ipea yeyap^fiicdra ^IBalap rrpf AapBdpov toSm 
XkvOSsv PcurCKetof; Ovyarepa, kcu Bwl rop rrpo^ airnip 
Ipcrra irdpra p^opt^o/i^i^oi', irurrewrak Bior$ r^ fM)rpu^ 
filop &f> i/Spei Trpoariyciyop ol Trpdyovoh ^ovkopspok r^ 
fUfrpi ^^op/^eo-^oi. Tcjp Be irepl rop ^HpaxKea irapa- 
to^to^ hri/^aveprwp^ ^aai rov^ pip ep rah dpdrjficai^» 
3 



Digitized 



by Google 



36 DIODOBUS SICULUa 

SvTo^ eirucoKiccurOcu KoOdirep Oeov^ rov^ dptarel^ 
Koc Ttt9 oiTUK SrjXtoacarra^ ti}9 tov irarpo^ irapavo^ 
fiM^ ZeUrOcu Twv aTuyrjfiaTcov airroif^ e^eXetrOai. T*ov 
Be ^iv€a irucpSif; aTramrfo-cana T0t9 ^€voi^ irapay- 

6 QT^IXoi fiffSev T&v Kod* iavTov irokvTrpayfiovelv • firf^ 
Beva yap varepa \afieiv irap vlaw €KOvauo^ Ttfioy' 
plav, el fiTi T^ iierfeOet t&v aZucrniaTtov inrepOolvro 
rrfv ^vaucqv t&v yovea>v eU reicva ^iXoaropyiav, ^Ev 
ravOa av/inrXeovTa^ toU irepi tov 'Hpcuckea tov? hri" 

\o KoKovfUvotp; /i€v BopeoBa^, dSeX^v? Be ovra^ KXeo^ 
waTp(K, Xeyercu Bua rrjv avyyeveiav 7rpa>Tov<: opfirjaiu 
irpo^ rffp fi<rq0€uiv, kcu tou9 fiev irepucetfievoxr; tov; 
veavicKOi^ BeafJLov^ ireptppij^cu, tov^ Be epavTtovfievov^ 
T&v pap^apiov airoKTelviu. 

IB 'Opfir^aavTo^ Be tov ^tveo)^ wpo^ /-wt^^iyi/, kcu tov ttXij- 
0ov^ tS)v Opojc&p awBpa/jLOPTO^, if>aal tov 'HpaxKea irdv" 
TODV apLora Buiy*»vta'dfA€vov axnov Te tov ^tvea koX T&t 
aXKoDV ovK oKiyov^ dveXeiv, to Be TeXexrrcuov KpaTrjaavra 
tS>v fiaaCKeUov ttjiV fbev EXeoiraTpav e/c t^ <f>v>uixrj^ 

so Trpoa/ycvyelv, toU Be ^ivetZcu^ aTroKaTcurrrjaai ttjv Trarpip' 
av ap^v * ^ovXofLevwv B avT&v tt/i/ /irjTpviav f&er' aucla^ 
aTTOKTelvcu, irelacu Try: fiev Tifjuopla^ TavTtf^ oTroarljvcu, 
Trpo^ Be TOV iraTepa irefi-^avTa^ €t9 tt/j/ SfcvOlav exel" 
vov irapaKcCkeaai, tS)v ei,^ axnov^ avofjaj/juxTayv Xa/Selv 

83 KoXaavv. Ov yevrfOevTo^ tov fiev StcvOrjv ttj^ dvya^ 
Tpo^ KaTarpfS)V(u Bdvarov, tov^ 8' eic t^ EXeorrdrpa^ 
t;tot9 wrreveyKoaffat irapa toI<: Opa^l Bo^av hrt^iKeia^. 
Ovtc ayvow Be BcoTt Tive^ t&v fivOoypcufxiDV TV^XcaOrjvai 
^HUTi, T0ir9 ^aieiZa^ xnro tov iraTpo^, kcu tov ^ivea 

» TTj^ 6fM)la^ Tv^elv avfif^pwi inro Bopeov. 'OfLoua^ 



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by Google 



T^ ARGONAUTS. 27 

Se tccu TOP ^HpcucXea rive^ irapaSeBiOKoat irpo^ vSpelav 
^ekdovra Kara ttjv ^Aalav inro rStv ^Apyovavr&v eni 
7179 X^P^^ airokeL^Offvau KaddXov yap Toin: Trakeuov^ 
fivOov^ oujf dirXfjv ovSe avpnrei^vrifjiivriv loTopuLv ^eiv 
avfifie^fce. Aioirep ov j(pf) 0avfia^€Uf, eav rtva t&v s 
apXiuoKoyovfJLewov fpff avfufxDVO)^ aircun to(9 iroirjral^ 
Kci a'vyypa(f>€va'C avy/cpivoDfiev. Ov firjv aWa K€u rov9 
^ivelBa^ Xejercu rfiv fiaaiKelav irapaZovra^ ry fji/rp-pl 
KXeoTTarrpff (rvarpareva'ai rol^ dpUTrevav. ^Avaj(0€V' 
Ta9 S avrov^ e/c t^ Qptftcq^ tccu KOfLcaOeina^ eU tov 10 
ndvTov irpoatrxelp ry Tavpifc^^ r^ dfyptoTPra r&v ey 
ypapUnv arpKHivvra^. Ndfiifiop yap etva^ toC? rrfv x^P^^ 
ravTfjv oucovci fiapfidpoi^ 6v€W AprefxiBt ravpoiroktp 
Tois KaTairkeovra^ feVov? ' nrap* oU ^hut^ rifv ^Iff>i' 
yeveuiv ev Tch varepov ;^oj/o^9 lepecav rfy: elprjfievi]^ 16 
0€ov Kara^jTaOeiaav 0v€iv rov^ dXiaKOfievov^. 

*Eirt^rjTov(rf)<i Be rrj^ Icropla^ ra^ Tryi (evotcrovia^ 
airla^, avarfKoiov ppa^j^a Biekdccv, aXXo)? re kcu vfj^ 
itapeKPaaew^ ouceia^ eaofJLevrj^ ra2^ rwv ^Apyovavrwv 
vpd^eci, $a<rl yap ^HXiov Buo yeveaOa* iraUBa^, 90 
AlrfTrpf re kcu Ileparjv • TOvra>v Be tov fikv Alr\T7)v 
BcuTiKevacu t^ KoXj^/So9, tov 8* trepov t^ TavpiKtj^, 
dfiffxnepoi^ Be Bteveyxelv (ofioTTjru Kal Uepaov fiev 
'Exdiijv yeveaOcu OvyarepOt roXfi/p Kai Trapavofiia 
•tt-poexovaav tov irarpd^ • <f>tXo/cvvrjyop B* ovaav ev 26 
T<U9 a7roTi^ta49 avBpayrrov^ corn rwv 6irjpia>v Kara' 
ro^evecv. ^CKoreyyov S' €t9 (fyapfMOKODP Bavcurlfifov 
ewOeaet^ yepofievrjv ro xaXov/Mepov dKovvrov e^evpeiv, 
iccu Ttj^ exdoTov Bwdfieto^ irelpav Xafifidveiv filayovaav 
rcih BiSofiepcu^ tol^ ^evoi^ Tpo(f>ai^> ^'Epnrevpiav Be 30 



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by Google 



28 DIODORUS SICULCjS. 

fteyakfiv ev rovroi^ i)(€v<rav irpSnov fuv rov warepa 
i^apfjuuap Suuf>6€lp€U, tccu SiaBe^aaOat rriv /SaaiKeutv, 
erreiT* ^Apre/JuZo^ Upov iBpv<rafjL€Vfjv, /ecu tou9 Kara^ 
irXeovra^ ^€vov^ OveaOcu t^ 0€^ KaraZel^aaav, eir* 

6 ^fJMTf/Ti hiovopjurdfjvau Mera 8e ravra awoucriaaaav 
Alrfrtf yeinnjacu &io 0vyaT€p4K, ElpKvjfV re tuu Mr^ 
oeuxVi ^^ o vwv AijiaKea. Jtsju rrjv fiev iiipKTjv €(9 
^cLpiioK^v iramoBofjr&v hrivoiav itcrpaweUrop i^pelv 
p&^&v iravToia^ if^wrei^ /uu Svpap£t^ aTrurrovfidva/^* 

10 Ovtc oXlya pkv yap xnro t^ /jurjrpo^ ^E/cdrfi^ SiSo" 
X^^o** 'To\u & wXelm Bia t^ lBla<; hrtfLeT^UK efei;- 
povacof p/ffStfuav vnepfioXtpf airoXnrelv erepe^ irpo^ 
hrlvoiov if>apfjuiiceuK» Ao6yjv<u 8' airifv €^9 ydfjLOP 
T^ fiaaiXeZ tcjv SapfuiTinf, ov^ epioi XicvOa^ irpoc' 

15 €tyop€vou(n. Keii to fiep irpSnov top avBpa <f>apfid' 
Koi^ dveXelv, fiera & ravra rriv ^aaCKeiav hioZe^a- 
fUmiv iroXKjk Kara r&p dpj(PfJk€POiv ifia vpa^ tuu 
fiiaia. Awirep hcireaowTOv rffi ^aaiXeia^ Kara /jl€v 
ruftK r&v fivOoypd^v <f>iry€cp eni rov *IlK€avov, koI 

^avfjaov €pfjfu)v KaraXafiofievrjv hnoAfOa fiera r&v avfji^ 
if>vyowr&v ywauc&v scaOiBpvdfjvod^ Kara Se rtva^ r&v 
iaropuc&v hcKiirovcaif rov Uovrov Karoixfjo-ai rfj^ Ira- 
Xmw oKpoyrrfpiov ro P'^XP^ '''^^ '^ ^''^ CKewrj^ Klp" 
KOMV ovofia^ofievov. 

26 Triv Se MrjSeuw urropovac p^iOetv irapd re rrj^ P'V^po^ 
Kot rfj^ dBeXtjnj^ dirdaa^ ra^ r&v ^yapfxaxtDV Svvdfiet^, 
irpooApicu S* evoanuarary j^/}^^ai • hiarekelv yap rov9 
KarairXeovra^ r&v fcWi/ €^aipovp,€vrjv €k r&v KivBvvcov. 
Kai wore fiev irapa rov irarpo^ a^rela-Oa* Seria-ei K€u 

ac^optr^ T^y r&v.ueXKovroDv avoXXvaOai awTqplav^ rrore 



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by Google 



THS ABGONAUTS. 29 

4 avrtip &c T^ <f>v\cuc^ d(f>t£urav irpovoeurOai rfj^ r&P 
afnr)(pvvTWV atn^Xela/^' top fiep yap AtrfrrfV ra fjL€P 
Sia Ttpf ISiav WfMTTjrra, ra 8' utto t^ ytfPCUKO^ ^EKonrrj^ 
nreurO&na, wpoaBe^aaffiu to rfj^ ^evoKTOvux^ vofu/JU)v» 
^AvTvirpaTTOViTff^ Se rfff MrfBeia^ del fiaXKov t§ irpo^ f 
tupeaei r&v yovewv, ifnial rov AirfTifv {rmyirrewrapra 
riflf &e rfj^ 6vyarp6^ iirifiovkifif ein ekev64pav airfjiP 
anrc^ea'0a4f ^'Koun)v • rrfv Be JArfieutv hioipcurav Ka- 
T4uf>\fyew w rt refievo^ *H\iov seeifieifov irapa 0d' 
Xarrav. KaO* ^ Bff j(pdvov tov9 ^Apyovavra^ airo to 
T^ Tavpucrjq KO/uaBevra^ wkto^ KarairXeva'cu rij^ 
£oXp(/(So9 6»9 TO irpoeiprifievov re/iepo^. "EvOa Sij 
veptTV)(pvra^ t§ M'rfieiaf irXatwfievy irepl rov air- 
yiaXovj K<u fiaffovra^ wap* our^ to t^ (epo/crovla^ 
vdfUfjLov, wirohe^cba$iu fiev t^i/ ruiepoTrjra r^ irapOe^ i5 
vov, SfjkdxravTiK Be avr^ r^p eavr&p em/SoXrip iraKiP 
V€tp* exeiPfj^ fuiOelp top inrapj(apra avT§ xIpBvpop 
OTTO Tov warpo^ Bia rrjp vpo^ rov^ f 6V0U9 evaefieuip. 
Koipov Be rov ovfu^epovro^ ^MPepro^, rifp fiep Jf^ 
Beiap hrarfyetKaaOai ovpepyrjceip airdt^ H^TU^ ^^ 
avpreXeawai rop TrpoteelfLepop &0\ov, top Se *Idaova 
&a r&p SpicdP Bovpcu irioTei^ Sri, jrifia^ avrriP i^ 
cv/MfiufP airapra top tov §71/ j^popop. Mera Se ravra 
Tov^ ^Apyopovra^ enroXinropra^ ^Tioxa^ rfj^ i«€»9 w- 
iKT09 op/jLtjaai fiera rrj^ MrjBela^ eni to ^vao/JiaXKop m 
Bepo^* irepH ov ro Kara fiepv; ohcelop hp elrj BieXBelp, 
tpa p/tfBep r&p aprjKOPrtop ck rrjp {nro/ceifieprjp iaro^ 
piap arpfoffrau 

^pi^op TOP ^ASdfMOPTO^ fAvOoXoyowTi Bia ra^ dm 
7rj9 fdojrpvM^ eir^ovXa^ dpaXafiopra rfjp dBeXt^pm 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



30 DIODOBUS SICULUS. 

EXKrjv if>vy€lv €ic rfj^ *E\\dBo^. Ilepaiovfievtov i 
avT&p Kara riva $€&p irpovoiav €k rrj^ Evpamrj^ €i^ 
rffv ^Aalav ein Kptov j^vaofuiXXoVi rffv fiev irapOivov 
anoir^aclv €t9 t^i' OdXaTrav, ^ air^ hc^ivq^ 'BXXij^- 

6 irovTov ovofiaa-fffjvat, rov Be ^pl^ov eU rov Ilovrov 
iropevOevra KarayBf^vax fikv irpo^ rrfp KoX'^lSa, Kara Se 
ri Xdyiov 0v<ravra rov Kpiov avaOelva^ ro Sepo^ €i^ ro 
rov "Apeo^ lepov. Mera Se ravra fiaaiKevovri rij^ KoX- 
X^Bo^ Alrjirp xPV<^f^^ eKTrecelv ort rore Kara^rrpeyp^et rov 

10 ^iov Srav (evot KarairXevaavre^ ro j^v<ro/Lta\Xov Sepo^ 
aireveyKaxru ^la Btf ravra^ ra^ a^rla^ Kai Bia Tqv iBlav 
oyfuirrfra KaraBel^ai Oveiv roifif ^4vov<;, iva BcaZodeurTj^ 
rfy: ^rifiri^ w airavra roirov irepi riys KoK^j^v ayptor^ 
T09 /MfjBei^ rSsv ^evoDv emfifp/ai roXfii^ay rij^ ^^poj^. 

15 Ilepi^aXelv Se Kat r^ rcfievei rei^p^ koj, ^vXaxa^ 
troXKov^ eirurrfja'ai rwv €k rfj^ Tavpucfj^ a4f> a>v km 
reparojBei^ irapa roh ^EXXtjai irXaaOffvai, fivOov^. Aia- 
fiefiofjcOai yap ori, wvpirrvooi ravpoi rrcpi ro rifievo^ 

VTTTJpXpV, SpOKCDV S' aVTOW €TTIp€l TO BepO^, dtTO /l€V 

ao r&v Tavpcov fierevexOcurij^ rf}^ o/Mowfiui^ errl vqv r£p 
/3o£v t<rxyv, atro Be T179 Kara Tfpf (evoKroviav tofio^ 
Tfjro^ irvp rrvelv rov^ ravpov^ fivdoXoyqOevro^ * nra" 
poTrXfjo-id}^ Be rov rrjpovvro^ ro refievo^ ApaKovro^ 
ovofia^ofjLevov, fierevfjvoxevai rov^ iroirjra^ erri ro re- 

26 par^Be^ kclI KaraTrXrjKriKov rov ^€pov. Trj^ S' Ofiola^ 
fjLv0oXoyia^ e^eadav kcu ra irepl rov ^pl^ov Xeyofieva, 
AuvirXevaa^ yap avrov ^hutlv ol jxev eiri vea>^ irpo' 
rofiTjv errl rf}^ vpaypa^ expvaif)^ xpcov, kcu rr^v '^EXXtjv 
Bva^opovaav eiri r^ vavrla, kcu Bi^ rovro erri rov 

woroi^pv r^ v€a>^ hacvwrovcav, w rrjv ddXarrav wpo^ 



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THE ARGONAUTS. 31 

wea-etv. Evict Be ifxun top jSaaiXea rwv XicvOAv, 
ivra yafi/3f!6v AlrjTov, wapa T0Z9 Kdk'xpi^ emSrffifja'cu 
tcaO ov Kaipov dXoipcu awefirj rov ^pl^ov iJ^era rod 
vcuJSayoDyov, Eptarucw Be (rxjivra rov iraiSo^ Xafietv 
avTov ev hwpeq, irof Alr^ov, kcu /eaOdirep vu)V fn}- b 
atov a^airr^crairTa KaroiKinrelv aur^ Tijv jScuriXelav. T^v 
Be iraiZaytoyov ovofia^ofievov Kpiov tvOtjvcu rok Oeoh, 
tca40 rov ctofiaro^ CKBapeirro^ irpo<rrjj\a)0rjv<u r^ ve^ ro 
BepfJM fcard ri, vdfUfjLOV, Mera Bi ravra Altfrr/ yeiny 
fUuov ')(p'qiTfiov, KoB^ ov eofffMilvero reXevrria-eiv airov 10 
orav ^evoi, Kar(vrfKjevaavr&; ro rov Kpiov Bepo^ dire" 
peyfCCKTh <l>aai rov fiaaiXea rei^^acu ro refievo^ kcu 
^povpav eyKaraoTfjiTCUt irpiy; Be rovrot^ j^pwraxrai ro 
Bepo^, tva Bia rrjv eirufxiveuiv inro rS>v arparunyr&v 
emfJteXeardrf)^ d^uoO^ ^vXcucif;. Tavra /jiev ovv €^6- 16 
arcu rov^ ava/yaf<a<rKovra^ tcpivetv Trpo^ ras iBla^ exdr 
oTov irpocupeaei^. 

Tijv Be MrjIBemv laropovav Ka0f)yi^aaa0a4 roh *Ap^ 
yovavra^^ irpo^ ro rov "Apeo^ refievo^, dir^ov e/SSo- 
fir^ovra aroBlov^ utto rry: irdXeo)^, rjv KoCKeiadcu fiev^o 
Svfiapuf, eyeuf Be ra ^eurtkeui r&v KoX'^odv. UpoKr- 
eXOova-av Be raU irvKcu^ KeicKetatievai^ wkto^ ry 
Tavpyc^ BiaXe/crfp irpo(r<l>a)vfj<T(u T0Z9 ^povpoU> T&v 
Be arparuar&v cofoi^aurwv irpoOvfuo^ <09 ctv ^acCKefo^ 
Bvyarpl, ^curl rov^; ^Apyovavra^ ehnrea-ovras eawa- as 
irpJvov; rol^ ^i<f>e(TC iroXkoif^ fiev <j>ov€va'(u r&v /Sap- 
8dpa)v, rov^ B aXXov^ Bia ro irapaBo^ov Kararc\'r\^ 
^afievov^ eK/3aXe2v ex rov r€/j,evov^, kcu ro Bepo^ dva' 
Xafidvra^ irpo^ rrjv vavv hreiyea-Oai Kara cirovBrnv. 
UapawXriciays Be rovroi^ kcu r^v MTjBeMv ev r^ r€- ao 



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32 DI0D0RU8 SICULUS. 

pk€vei TOP fAvOoXoyovfievov avirvov ipdtcovra irepiefnre^ 
pofLepov TO Sepo^ ^xipfuucoi^ wirotcTelvai^ icai f4£T* ^laao- 
yo9 TTjiv eir\ OaKarrrav Kardficurof irQvf^ourOau 

5 ci^Xel T^i/ yevofAeinfv hrlOeclv if>a<ri top Alrjfnpf fiera 
rSsv irepi ainov arptvrimT&v Bui^avra roiW ''EXXffva^ 
KardKafieip irkf^a-iov t^9 OaXdmj^ \ e^ i^xiSov Si cvv 
a^^opra fidj(fjp dpeketp Spa rSfP *ApyopavT&p "l^irrop 
TOP EvptMr0€€9^ dSeXtfifV rov tov^ SjBXjov^ ^Hpaxkel 

^ trpoara^PTo^t eirevra rw SXKjoi^ tjJ irkriOet r&p 
avporfvpi^ofiiptev ireptyvBepra kcu fiuudrepop eyicelfiepdp 
vwo MeXea/ypov ^pevdfjpo*. Ep$a St) irecopro^ rov 
fietaikec^ teat rSnf ^ElXKrjpmp eirapOepT^p, rpairrjfpo^ tou9 
KoK^oy^ TTpo^ if^vyrjvp kcu Kara top Buojfiop rov^ TrXel- 

16 OTOv^ avT&p dpatpeOffPOA. Fepea-Oat Be Koi t£>p apk 
CT^p TpavfiaTia^ ^Idaopa km AaepTfjp h-i, Sk ^Ato* 
XoPTfjp K€U TOW OeawidBa^ irpoaa/yop€vofi€Pov^. Tov' 
T0V9 fiev oZp <l>a4np utto rfj^ MrfBela^ hf oXlyat^ rip.4- 
pai^ Turl pl^cu^ KCU fiordpai^ BepaveuO^a^, roiW S* 

»*ApyopauTa>^ eiruririaafiepov^ hcirXevca^ Koi fieo'op ijSTf 
TO UoPTUcop TTcXayo^ e)(ppTa^ irepvjretrelp y^ufi&ph irap^ 
reKSi^ hrucvpBvp^. Tov S* '0/»^eo>9, KaOairep kcu irpo^ 
repop, eixo^ irottjo'afJLepov toU SafidBpq^i, X^|a« fjkip 
T0V9 dp€fjLOv^, ^pffpat, h\ TrXffalop ttj^ P€o>^ top irpotr- 

» €iyop€vdfA€POP OaXaTTiop PXavKOP, Tovtop S' ejrl Buo 
vvKTa^ Kol Svo ^fJLepas <TVpe)(jSi)^ tJ prji avfiirXevaapra 
irpoeiireip fup ^Hpaxkel irepl t&p affX/op xai t^ dBa- 
vaaia^t toI^ Se TupBapiSa^^, Srt 7rpoaayop€u0ri<TOPT<u 
fJLCP Aida-KOVpoh Ttp/rj^ S' iaodeov tcv^optoa irapa iraau^ 

10 dvOpfonoi^. KaOokov h* l^ opo/uito^ irpoa^in^opTa 



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THB ARQONAUra 83 

vdtna^ rov9 ^Apyovaura^ einretv in^ &a ra9 O^eoK 
€it)(a^ 0€&v wpovoia ifxivei^ airraid arffuilvei ra fUxXovra 
j€vria'€a'0(u. SvfijSovXevetv cvv avrok, hratf rdj^urra 
rij^ yfj^ a^wvTOh ra^ cv^o^ avohiZovcu T0Z9 tfeoT?, 
hi <A^ reTetrxfun, SW v&y t^ aaTifpuK. "Enreira • 
T&v fiev TkavKov Sdvcu irdXw w to vAmjo^, tov^ S* 
ApyovavTO^ Kara tnofJM rov Uovrov yepofAOfotf^ irpoo''' 
irXewrai t^ y^, fiaa-iKevovTa^ tot€ rfj^ X^ipa^ Bv^v^ 
T09« d(f>* ov teal rifp iroXiv tS>v Bv^/aanUov a>poftaa0a$, 
^Epravda Se fiwfiov^ 'iUpv^Ojiivov^ tcai rots 0€ol^ ras 10 
ev^a^ oTToSovTas /cadup&cai rov rdirov rop m tcai 
vvv rtfi40fuvov xnro rSsv irapairKeovrc^v* Mera Se 
ravra atfajdSerras, kcu huirrKeuccanwi rrpf re UpowoiH 
rlSa Koi rov * EXKr^inrovrov, irpoceveydBfjvtu r^ Tp^aii. 

Evravda h ^Hpa/ckeov^ irefiy^^avros u^ rrfv rrdXiv i» 
I^uckov re rov aSeX(f>ov lau TeXapMfva ras re ittttou^ 
KCU rriv ^HaiovTjv aircurriaovras, Xeyercu rov Aao/Ae" 
Sovra TOW fJ^ev Trpeafietrras €*9 ^vXaxrjv airoOeadoA^ 
roh Ze aXKois ^Apyovavrcu^ St' iveSpa^ ^ovXevaai Od- 
varov* «al rov^ fiev aXKov^ vlov<: e^eiv r^ vpd^tTO 
trwepyov^, Hpla/jLov Se fi6vov evavruyrrpa/yovvra • tov- 
rov yap airo^vaaOfu Selv ra trpo^ roij^ ^evov9 Slxaia 
rrfpetv, #cai n^v re a&\^^ xcu ras iypjikoyTifieva/^ 
tmrov^ diroSiBdvcu. OvSevo^ S' avr^ irpoceypvro^ 
iJHiaiv 6^9 rrjv ^vKaKTjv Bvo f/^ Trapeveyxavra XdOpam 
Sovvai T0?9 irepl rov TeXafiwva, kcu rrjv rov ' irarpo^ 
irpoalpeaw e^tfyrjadfievov aUriov yevetrOai, rfj^ (Twrq^ 
puxs avrol^, Evdxj^ yap rov^ irepl rov TeXafiwva <f>o^ 
vevacu fiev r&v ^vXAkcov rov^ avrej^pfievoxs, ^vyovrai^ 
8 ejTt OaKonrav aira/fyeCKai ra Kara uepo^ rol<i ^Apyo- ao 



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by Google 



34 mODORUS SICULUS. 

povrcus. Atoirep tovtoxs fiev eroi/jov^ yevofievov^ irpiyi 
pM^v dTravrfjciu Toh €/c rfy: woXeo^ €K)(€Ofi€voi^ fiera 
rov fitKriXeo)^. Tevofiivrj^ he fidxf^ urxypaSf fcal r&v 
dpiarecDV Sul tos operas errttcparovvrmv, fivOoXoyovai 

6 Tov 'HpaKkea irdvrmv apiara Suiyfovla-curOcu * top re 
yap Aaofiehovra ^veva-cu, /ecu rfj^ 'iroKeto^ €^ e^oSoi; 
Kparrfaavra koXcutcu fuv tou^ p^T<ur)(pvTa^ r^ fiaatKel 
rff; €7nfiov\fj<;, Ilptdfiq) Si Bta rifv BcKCUoavvfjv irapa" 
Bovvcu 7^v /SaatXeiav, kcu ^ikicuf awOcfievov eKirXewrai 

10 fiera r&v ^ Apyovavrwv. Evun Be r&v ap^cucDV irovifr&v 
irapaZeZcaicauTiv ov fiera t&v Apyovavr&v aXk iSia 
oTpaTevaavra rov ^HpaxXea vavoiv ef ?P€Ka r&v tinrayp 
eKelv Triv Tpoiav • irpoafuipTvpelp Si rovroi^ tccu "Op/fj* 
pov €v TolaBe toU erreaiv, 

10 *AXX * ot6v Tivd <f>aat Pitfv 'Hp<uc\yf€irjp 

E&oi, cfi^F varipa Bptunffiffipova^ OvfuiKeopra • 

*E£ oi^ff avv PTfvcrl Kot dpdpdat navpoTipoicruf 
'iX/ov €(aXan'a(€ ir6kiv^ x^po^are d* ayvids, 

* Tov^ S ^Apyopavras ifnialp €k t^ TpipdBo^ dva^Oepra^ 
6(9 Sap/)0pqjcr)p KOfuaOijpai, /ecu toU p^yaXot^ 0€o2^ to? 
€i^a9 aTToSoPTOS iraXip dpaOetPat to? ^iaKcb9 eU to T€- 
fi€Po^ ra^ en kcu pvp Btap^epovaa^, 

Tfj^ Be rS>p apKTreap apcucop4>Bfj^ cpypoovfiiprj^ ere 

85 teara rrpf OerraXiap ^aai irpoaireaelp <l>rip>fjp on wdpre^ 
ol p£Ta ^Idaopo^ CTparevaapre^ ep roU Kara Hoptop to- 
7rot9 aTToXcwXao"*. Auyrrep top IleXiap /eaipop e^eip xnro^ 
Xafi/Sdpopra tou9 e^eBpov^ rfj^ ^aciXeia^ irdprcu^ apBijp 
cu/€K€t,p, Top p,ep yap iraiepa tov ^Idaopo^ dpayxdacu 

9iinelp alfia ravpov, top Be oSeX^i/ Ilpofiaxop, iralBa 



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THE ABGONAUTS. 36 

TTjiP fiKuciav ovTOf (f>ov€va(u * *Afuf>ivofJur)P Se rrjv fji/qrepa 
fUXKjoxMrav dvcup€i<T0al (f>aaw mavhpov icai /AVTjfii]^ a^iav 
eiriTeXdaaaOcu Trpa^tv. KaTa<f>vyov<rav yap errl rr^v 
iariav rov ficuTikdw^ /ecu Karapaaa/jLevrjv iraOeiv avrov 
ct^ia T&v curefifffMaToyv ^i<f>€i irara^aaav iavrrj^ to arrj' ^ 
0o^ ripfaucSyf; xarcurrpeyjrat rov l3iov. Tov Be Tleklav 
rovTfp T^ rpoTTtp iraa-av rriv ^laaovo^ crvyyeWtai/ aph^v 
atf€KovTa rayv rrfv irpoariitova'av rol^ aae^rifiaai, ko/U' 
acurdcu rtfuoplav. T^ov yap ^Idaova KaraTrXevaavTa 
yvicT09 T^ SerraXla'^ el^ opfiov ov pxiKpav fikv rip: lo 
^IouXkov xelfjbeuov, dffedprjrov Se roh €k t^9 TroXeoD^, fia 
Oelv irapd rwo^ t&v Kara rriv x^P^^ '''^ yevdfieva wept 
T0V9 avyyepCL^ arvxrifiara. TIdvT(ov Se t&v apioTeeov 
eroifjuov ovtodv fiorjOeiv t^ ^Idaovc Kal iravTa kivSwov 
ava£e)((Ea0ai, irepi Trfi eTnOeaeo)^ €fjL7r€(T€Lv avTol^ afjL<f>KT^ is 
^rjrffaiv* 01/9 /*€!/ yap avfi^ovKeveiv Trapaxpfjfia )8a^- 
aafievov^ €t9 ti^i/ woKiv airpoahoicrfno^ emdeaOai t^ /8a- 
crtXel, Ttva^ B (vrro^atveaOai Betv arparvwra^ airo t^9 
iBiof; TraTpiBo^ tKOOTov avWe^avTa /coivov apaodai nrd' 
Xefiov ' aBvvarov yap elvai iremriKovTa kcu Tpunv dvBpd- 20 
a& irepiyeveaOa* ^acrvKeco^ Buvafiiv €j(pvTO^ kcu ttoKci^ 
d^ioXdyvo^. 

ToutvTf)^ 8' ovat)^ €V avToU awopla^, Xeyercu ttjv 
MrfBeuiv eTra^yeiKaadai St' €avT^9 rov re TleXlav 
anroKTelvcu BoXjtp Kcii to, /SaaiXeui irapaJBdiCHv 70*9 25 
apujrT€v<rcv oKivBuva)^. EvravOa wavToyv Oavfuurdv 
T<»p TOV "Koyov KCU TOV TpoTTOv T^ hn^oXTfi ixaBuv 
^rjTovvTcov, elireiv Stv KOfii^et fieO^ €airr^9 iroXka^ kcu 
vapaBd^ov^ Bvvafici^ (f>apfiaK(av xnrd re t^ fujrpo^ 'EKd- 
T179 evpijfieva^ kcu ttj^ aBeXKfnj^: KlpKTf^ * kclI Tainai^ fi€v ao 



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by Google 



86 DIODOBUS 8ICULW. 

fwjSeiroTe j(pi^6(u irporepov irpo^ arrwXeia^ dpSfmirmp, 
lo/i/i C€ c^ avTfov cLfwveiavai pqcito^ T0ti9 o^mwv Ti^pi 
09* npoeim-owTOV Si T0i9 dpurrewn tA icora /i^909 r^ 
ein0ec€<iD^t he rSny fiaaCKiUov ainoi^ hrtvyyetKaaOiu 017- 

B fjuUveiv rrj^ fiev fifUpa^ tcamv^ r^ Sc ia;#cro9 irvpl, irpi% 
rtjv V7r€ptc€tfi€vtfv T^ daXdmj^ CKonn\v. Alnipf Si #ca- 
T€urK€uaaaa<uf ^ApryuBo^ elBtitXov icoikov eU fi€¥ Touro 
TravToBwjra^ ^iaeui ^ppLotuov Korwcpvylraif eavrfj^ Be 
T^9 fi€v Tplj(a9 Swdfietri ruri ypitraaav irei^w, 'roKta^ 

10 TO he irpoaanrop icat to <r&fia pvriStop 7rX$/M9> &ffr€ rot;? 
iSotrra^ Boxetv etvai rnva iravreKw wpeafivrtv ro & 
reXevTcuov avaXafiowrap Trfv 0€ov Si€ffK€V€tc^afffp icara" 
vKfjxTucm €^9 oj(\wv ieuTiBa^iovtav 09 r^v irokuf wfit^ 
Xelp afi* Vf^'p^ ^Evdea^wrfj^ S' avT^» tcei rov vKri» 

16 Oov^ Kara ra^ oBov^ owTpe)(pvTO^, irapayyeXXetv iraai 
SexecBtu rfiv Beov evaefiw^* irapeivcu jap avrtfp e^ ^Twep- 
fiopewv en-' d/yad^ BalpMV^ r^ re itoXjh ircurp tcai t^ 
ficuTvKei ndmaov Be TrpoaKvyoxnnmv koi tliuS^vtwv rrpf 
0eov 0valai^, km to ovvoXop ttj^ 7rdKei»^ anratrri^ ^nrvOeO' 

so ^ovoTi^, eurfiaXeof r^v Mt^S^^op eU Ta jSeuriXjeia, /cai top 
Te Heklav eU BeuriBalp^ipa BwBeaiiP epfiakeiv tuu Ta9 
0vyaT€p(K avTOv Bul ttj^ TepaTela^ el^ TouwrffP tcaTo^ 
TrXiyfti' dyayeip &(rre irurrevacu Btort, irapetrnp ^ 5eo9 
evBcUfiopa woiTio'ovaa top oIkop tov fiaaikec^. ^Aireifxu^ 

96 p€To yap eni BpcucoPTWP oxovfiepijp Tffp Apreiuv & 

« aepo^ xmepireTaaOfjpa^ iroXKa fiept) Ttj^ oucovfUprf^, luu 
vpo^ KoOiSpvaa/ eavrrj^ icai Tifia^ ai(»puw^ eKKikeyOiu 
TOP evaefieoTaTOP wiroPTtop tS>p fia4TiKe<»p • Trpofrr^aye^ 
pa4 B* avT^ Kcu TO yffpa^ a^eKovaap tov IleXlov Bui 

so Ti^ptop Bvpdfietop peop vapTeXw iroifjaai to a-Afut iuu 



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THE ABQ0NAUT8. 87 

iroXXa er^M irpoq fuueaptow xai Oeo^iKfj ^tov Zfopr^a^ 
oBta. *Eiefr>jqrTop,&Kiv 8e tov fiturihjM^ to ^impdBo^mt 
TW Xojwv, enrayy€iK(UT0at rifP MrfSeutp irapofXpijfAa eni 
TOV adffiaro^ iavr^ ra^ rourcmf irurreK fr(ip^eff0€Lu 
Elirowraw yap fi^a r&v JJeKlou Ouyartpmi^ teaOapov ipey- § 
K€iv ^ap, tcai Ttj^ vapOofcv ro pffBiy €v0v^ hrl tcXo? 
djajovirrf^, ^>aaw eU oUutkou rwa trvyKKeiacuruv iavrr/v 
Koi 7r€paaiy^mfjb€VfiP to aw/Jba wop airoKhxtauaOai ra^ t&p 
^cbpfuixwp ivpapm^ * wiro/carraoTtzBela'iKP 2' w ripf wpov^ 
irdpyw^av hioSeaw tcai ^nwelaav r^ fi<taCKel icarra' lo 
ir\rfl^aa6aA rotW ip&pra^, Ktu Bo^ rm deiv irpovouf 
fjL€TffXKa)(4p€U TO yfjpa^ et? wapSeuov veorrjra km fcaXKo^ 
wepifikt/rrov, • nonj<r<u S* avrrip Ktu 8td tivojv ^xipfJMr- 
iuo¥ mhmket ifMvraaOrjveu Bpafcovr&w, e0' &v diro^>alv€» 
aOcu rrpf 0wv iCBfuo-fitScop Si* depo^ ef *Tirepfiopw>v 15 
e!ri^&w6rjv€U r^ IleKuf. 

TAv Sc evepyfjfjLcmDV imip rifp dvdpanrlinjv xfyva-iv 
if>atf4prmp^ /col roS fia^tKetBS fieyoKr)^ airoSoxlh «f*" 
OWT09 T^ Mi^imv, Kcu TO <rvpoXop irurreAaeanx^ 
dKtfS^ Xty^tP, ^Moiv aur^ icara fidvtt^ arrvxpvauv 90 
T^ HeXUf wapaic€CK,€<r<u to!? SvyaTpdai Zuucekevaa^ 
a6ai atfpepyup Koi irpaTTUV avep tiv avrai^ irpoa- 
TaTTff* TTpoartiicew yap Ttji tov fiaaCKito^ cwfiaTi firi 
SovXuuui^ X'^f'iv oXXa Toh t&v TiiOH^v BepairevBeina 
Tvj(€lv TTj^ wapa $€&p ev€pye(Tla^. Aiarrep toS Ileklov^ 
ToJ? ffvyaTpaai SiapprjSfjp €L*rroPTO^ iroPTa wparretp oaa 
&p ^ MrfBeia irpoaTOTTy irepl to c&fia tov iraTpo^, tcl^ 
fiep wapBepov^ eToifunj^ ovaa^ to iceKevofiepop erriTeXeiP, 
lipf Sk Mrilbewp pvkto^ eirtyofOfiepri^ kcu tov IleXlov 
W(m vTHfw TpairePTO^ Xeyeip w dpo^icaiop ep Xe/BfiTiaa 
4 



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by Google 



88 DIODORUS 8ICXJLUS. 

tcaOey^rjo'cu to awfia rov Ileklov. npo<nfP&9 Se rw 
TrapBeifwv Be^afievcDV rov Xoyop, eripa^ airniv hr^vo!f<rtu 
iri<mv T&v inr* ovr^ \eyofiewav, Tp&f>ofUvov yap xpiov 
iroXuerov^ Kara rrfp ohciav, e/nvfyeiXxurdtu rai^ tcdpcu^ 

s TovTOP wparepav icaBe^aeiv icai irovr^ew air* ^X^ 
apvcu SvyicaTa£€fji,€P<op S* avr&v, ^ffoXoyown rr/v Mtf- 
Seua/ Kara fieKtf BieXovaav to a&fia rov Kpu>v teaOeyjrlf' 
acu, KcH Sid rwofv ^pfjuituov wapoicpovaafimpf i^Xeip 
€/e rov Ts^/SrjTO^ dppo^ elBcoXov. ^Evravda tS>v irapffeptov 

10 KaTOTrXajeur&p, Koi irlarei^ r^ eirayyeKuK rffqaafi^p^p 
€pS€y(pfjL€Pa/^ e^etp, {nrovpyfjaai roU wpotrrayfjLoa'i* Kal 
ra^ fi€P oXXo? dfrrdaa/^ top iraripa nnrrovo'a^ dm-ofcrei-' 
pat, fioprjp S' AXjcfjartP St* evtrefieia^ vTrepfioXrjp airo- 
<r)(4a6a^ rov yepptjaaPTO^. Mera Se ravra Tqp MrjSeidp 

16 <f)€urt rov fi€P ro trifia icaraKoirrup ^ KaBeyfreip aTitxrr^- 
pai, irpoairoifjo'ap^epfjp Se Setv irporepop cvj^o? wot'i^a- 
trBoA rrj ceKrjptf, ra^ fiip rrapBepov^ apafitfiaatu fjiera 
"Kapm-aStop eirt ro p^erecDporarop reyo^ r&p PaaCKj£uap, 
avrrjp Se r^ KoX'^^lSt Sia\€/crq> Karr€vyr\p ripa p/ucpaw 

» Siep^op^anjp ijxpopi^etp, dva/rrpoifyrjiP hiZowav rol^ fUk-- 
Xovat woieurOai Tqp eiriOca-ip, Ato tcai rov^ Apyopav- 
TO? dwi) rfj^ a-KOinj^ KarapM0opra/s ro irvp, Koi pop^cuf" 
TO? avprerekeaOax nfp dvalpeaLP rov fiaa-iXeo)^, 6pp,fjaa* 
Spop^p TTpo^ rrjp TToTup. IlapeureXjOopra^ S' €irro9 rov 

96 relyov^ carrao'p^epoi^ rol^ ^lifyeatp eis ra fia^tKeia /carai/- 
rfjaat kcu tou9 kpoprmvpiepov^ r&p ^vXoKOiP dp€Xe2p, ra^ 
Se rov Il€\iov Ovyar^pa/; apri Karafi€fif)Kvia^ airo rot 
reyov^ irpo^; rip/ Kade^^cLP, Kfu irapaho^<i ep roU /8a- 
o't\€M)«9 iSovtra^ rop re Idaopa koI- rov^ apurrek, rreptr- 

80 aXyelv €ir\ ry avp,<f>opa yepeaOai * ovre yap a^pvpa^rdai 



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THE ABOONAUTS. 89 

Tifi^ MriSetav i/eiv i^oxxrictp ovre to irpaxOev aureus 
fivco^ Bi airdrfjv BtopOdaaaOcu. Aioirep ravra^ fuv 
opfirjaoi Xeyercu <TT€purK€iv aira^ tov ^ffv, top Be ^Idao^ 
va KaTeXeriaavTa Ta iraOrf irdpoKaTCur^elv avrw;^ kcu 
Oappelv irapatcaKeaavra BeiKyveiv (09 ifc Kcucia^ fiev ovBev 5 
fjfiapTov, axovauo^ Be St wirarrjv fjTt/j(rfaav. KaOoXov 
Bi TTcun, T049 frvyyeve<Tiv eira/yyeiXdfievop hrieucw^ Koi fie- 
y(iKoy^vj(w^ wpoaepexOriaeadai awaycuyelv eU itekX/rja'uw 
Ta wXijft;. ATToXoyrfaafievov Be irepi t&v Trewpa/yfie- 
vwv, KCU BiBafctirra Bmti tov^ TrpoaZiKr^camx^ fipvvaTo, it 
Ttfuapiav ekoTTOva Xafimp &v axrro^ ireirovBevt ^AKoartp 
fuv T^ Ilekiov TTfv iraTp<pav fiaaCKeiav irapaiovvcu, t&p 
Bi TOV fiaaCKew^ 0vyaT€pwv d^iAacu airrov ^povTlZa 
TroirjceurOat. Kalf irepa^ awTeXeaai TrfP \rtr6<r)(e<Tiv 
avTOV (f>€urt fierd Tiva ')(povov awoi/claavTa frdaa^ toi^ \B 
eiri<f>av€aTaT0C9 ' A\Kf]<rTiv fiev yap Tfjp Trpea/SvraTrjv 
c^SouiHU irpo^ yafiov *ABfii^q> t^ ^epnjTO^ ©crraX^, 
A/juf>tvop/yiP ^ *ApBpaifjLOPi Aeopreto^ dBeXif)^, EvoBpijp 
Be Kdvff T^ KetfydXov, ^vXcucewp totc ^aaCKevopr^. 
TaXna fiep varepop airrop irpa^oA, tot€ Be ficTa tS>p api^ 20 
oTeap w ^ladfiop top €p TIe\oiropvri<Ttp irXevaaPTa Ov- 
iriav eirvreKeaai r^ HoaeiZSiPi kcu Ka6iep&acu ttjp *Apya> 
T^ 0€^, ^AiroBoxn^f Be fieyoKrj^ Tvy)(apoPTa irapa t^ 
ficuriXel Ta>p Kopwdmp KpeoPT^ fierouryelp ttj^ iroXcTeta^ 

Koi TOP XOLTTOP ')(p6pOP €P Tjj KopLp6(p KaTOUcfjo-CU, » 

MeKKoPTtop Be tS>p *ApyopavT&p eU Ta^ iraTplBa^ Bia- 
ympl^eaOcU xfyaai top ^HpatcKea avfifiov7<^aac toI^ api" 
creva-i irpo^ to, irapdBo^a t^ Tv^f^ dXXqXot^ opKOxs Bov 
V€U avfJLfiaj(rio'ei,p, eop t*9 fiorjOeia^ irpoaBerjO^' CKXe^a'^ 
a6cu & Koi Trjf; '£XXaSo9 top em^apeKTTaTOP tottop eK 30 



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40 DI0D0BU8 SICULUa 

aymvmp 04<n;¥ mu iravrfyvpim icowrpf^ ledX tccLdtep&cai ro9 
arf&va r^ fieyl<rr<p t&p 0€wp Au *0\ufi/jri^, SuPOfUf 
a-ainmv Be r&v ap^aremv vepl r^ avfifwixw* tfOi rrfv 
SuiTd^iv Twv ar/oivmv etrvrpe^vrwv 'HpaicKeh ^oai roti- 

B TOI^ T9P TOTTOV WpOKplvtU WfO^ T^V VCOnqjUpW T^ T&V 

JR\€MV ^fli/MW Toy ireLpa top ^Ah/^Hop. Ato icai 
Tqp irapaaroTi^uap tcaOiep^^aPTa r^ peyurr^p t&p 
0e&p ^OkuiJmiap anr hceipov TrpoaayopeStrau * TTrocTti' 
aafjLepop S' Unr^KOP arf&pa «a2 yvfLPucop ra re vepi r&p 

10 affXap 8uMT0(<u k€u Oewpov^ am'fxrr&XsA rav^ rav^ wdXeat 
wpoepovpT<K ripf d4ap rw ay^ponf. A^a Bi rqp irapa 
To^ ^ApyopavTOts yepofianjp amvSoj(rfP airrov Kara r^ 
cTparreUw w p^erpUd^ So^curffepro^, wpoayepea^ai T971/ esc 
r^ ^OXv/A^iOKfj^ 'rravfjyvpeei)^ Bo^oMf, &<rT€ troprmp rmp 

15 *jEJXX^jwv errKfuipe^rarop vwdpx^i^ ^ vnpi toT? wXel- 
0T€W9 7ro\e<rt yptDcOepra woWoif^ ^^o^ etnOvp^fiTm 
rtfi ^Ckiofi, ov9 irpoBv^jbOv^ etpoi pjeraayew irapro^ 
fcUfSvpov. T^oyy S er' apSpeuf mai arparffjla 9av^ 
fjMcBepra orpaToveSop re KpuTurrop cvtrrrnffaaOai*, Koi 

SD iraaop eireKJOelp Tqp oucovp^prfp evepyerovpra to yepo^ 
r&p ap0p€O7n»p' apO^ tap Tvyeip avrov avft^xMfovp^epfj^ 
aOapoa-iwi. Tov^ he woiffra^ Sta rrpf trvpi^'q reparoTia^ 
ylap fjivOo'Koyifa'ai fiopop top ^Hpatckea tau yvfipop SttXmp 
TeXeacu tov^ TeOpvSaipApov^ aOkov^, 

t6 AXKa irepi fiep tov Oeov tovtov Ta fiuOo'Koyoifieva 
iravTa SirjkOofAep, ptm Be irpocdereop ripZp xnrep Idao' 
V09 TOP xnro'Kevirop^pop \oyop, ^aai yap outop €p Kxh' 
plpOqt KOTOucovPTa seal avfifiuoaapTa Be/caenf ')(popop M17- 
Beuf yeppr^tu iraSZa^ e^ auTrj^ tov^ phf 7rp€a-fivT€tTev^ 

ao Bvo BiBvfjLov^ OerroKop t€ /ocu ^AKKi^ejrqp, tw Sk Tpi- 



Digitized 



by Google 



THE ABGONAUra 41 

Toy TTciKv pedrepov rovrmv TiaopSpov. Tovtov fuv oiv 
TOP ')(p6vov laropovo'iv dTroBoj(rj^ d^uoOrjvcu r^ Mtj^iop 
imo rod avSpo^ Sut to firj fiovov koKKsi iia^dpeiv ov- 
TT}!^, cCKKa /rcu aa}^po(rvprf kcu t(W oWok apcrat? x€' 
/coa-fjvljaOai • fiera Se ravra del ficOsXov rov ypivov ttjv 6 
ifyva-uc^ einrpen-eiav cufxupovfievov, X^ercu rov *Iaaova 
rXavicfj^ €paa0€PTa t^ Kpeovro^ Ovyarpo^ funjirrevaai 
Tqp wap0€vop» SvyKaTa0€fJL€Pov Se rov irarpo^ tuu rd" 
(avTo^ fj/jL€pav T0t9 yafioi,^ ro fiep wpanop eFrificikeaOiu 
ipaaip avTOP irelBeip rifp MrjSeiap 4/covaioi^ irapax'^pV' w 
ecu rfj^ avfifiuia€a}<: * fiovXeaOcu yap avrifP yafieip ovk 
atroioKifjLda-avra rrjv irpo^ aurqp ofiiXuiP, * aXKa kcu 
Tol^ re/cvoi^ (nrevSovra avyyevfj top rov fiaaikJa^ olcop 
voii^aaaOcu, * Ayavatcrovarj^ hi rffi yvpcutco^ kcu tou9 
deov^ fuiprvpoiUvri^ rov^ eirdwra^ yepofiepov^ rS>p Sp- 15 
Koi>v, <l>cun rov ^Idcopa Karcuf>popriaapra r&p SpKtop yfj^ 
IMU rifp rov ficuriXec^ Ovyarepa. Tr^p Se Mrfieuw 
e^eXcwpofxevrjp ck rry: iroXeo)^, kcu filap rjfUpav irapa rov 
Kpiovro^ "Kafiowrap eU ri^p rfj^ if>vyfy: irapcurKemip, eU 
fi€P ra ficuriKeui pvkto^ elaekOccp dXKouoaao'ap rol^ 90 
iJKipfidKoi^ rTJp airfj^ or^w, kcu mjp ouciap v^'^a4t pl^uip 
T* rrgpKrQ^icav, evprjfidvov fikp inro KipKrj^ rry: dSe^jfnj^, 
Svpafup 8' ey^pp, errap €(cuf>Oyf Sva-Kardafiearop. ''A<l>pt» 
& <f)\€yofi€P<op r&p fiaciKeuaPt rop fiep ^Idcopa ra^eto^ 
€K7rrjS7)<rai, rrjp Be T\avKriP kcu rop Kpeopra rov irvpo^ 99 
rrepiKaraXafiopro^ SuKfyOaprjva^ Tip€^ Se rStp avyypct' 
^ewp <f>curi rov^ fiev vlov^ rfj^ Mrjjielas S&pa KO/ilacu 
tJ PVfKfyp <f>appAKOi^ Kexpccfievct, rrjp Se FXavKijp Se^a- 
fUpTjp KCU TQ> a-tofiart ireptOefievTiP axmjp re avfMf>opf 
veppfreaelp kcu rop irarepa jSotfOovpra kcu rov adfiaro^ ao 
4* 



Digitized 



byGoogte 



42 DIODORUS SICULUS. 

a^ai^^vcv reK^vrfjcrai, Tr]v Se Mrfieunf airomrxpwrcaf 
TO?? irpwTot^ eyx^iprjfiaaiv ovk dTroorrjpcu t^ *Iaaow>^ 
TtfJLo^ia^. ^Eiri roaovro yap irpoekOeiP ainrfv opyfp: ofia 
Koi fiyXoTVTTtav ert, S* o>fioTijTo<;, wot eiret Si€^xrye top 

6/tera t^ vvfufyrj^ kIpSwov, t^ o'<l>cpy^ r&p koip&p T6- 
Kpwp efxfiaXeiP avrop €*9 to? fieyioTa^ avfj^pa^ • vKrp; 
yap €P0^ Tov hta^vyoPTO^ rov^ aXKov^ viov^ arn'oa^a" 
{«M, /roi ra a-wfiara toutwp €p t^ t^ "Hpas rcfiepci 
Od^ltcu, MU fiera t&p irunorarwp OepairaMfiidDP ert ttoX- 

10 \rfi PVKTos ovat}^ xfyvyeip €/c rfp; KopipOov, k(u StcKwe^ 
acLP eU Br^pa^ irpo^ ^HpojcXea • rovrop yap fxeairqp y€- 
yopora t£p ofioXoytwP €P JKo'Xj^otv ejrrjyyekOiu jSorjOriaeiP 
avT^ wapoinropSovfMeprf, 

^Ep TO<rovT<p Be top fjL€P ^laaopa arepfjOepra reicpfop 

16 Kcu yvpaiKo<; Sd^ai 'rraai BtKaia ireiropOipa* * Sio Kat fii) 
tvpaficpop epeyKCCp to fi€ye0o<; ttj^ avii^opas eic tov 
^rjp iauTOP fi€Ta,<rn]<rai, Toif^ Se Kopipdlox)^ eicireirKfj' 
yOai p.ep Tfjp SeiPOTTjra t^ Trepcirercias, fuikuTra B awo- 
pup irepl rfj^ ra(f>7J^ toop iralBcop, Atoirep diroareCKap^ 

« Twi' avToip IIvOafBe tov9 eir€p(orri<T0P7a^ top 0&)p Sttc^ 
ypfjareop cctI toI^ awfuuri tS)p TraiBwp, irpotrra^at ttip 
TlvBlap €P TO) TCfiepet t^ Hpa^ airrov^ 60^04, KCU^TifiSiP 
fjptaiK&p avTov^ d^tovp, no^rjo-dpTWP Be t&p Kopcpduop 
TO 7rpoaTaj(0€p, <l>aoi OerraXop fiep top SuufyvyoPTa top 

85 aTTO T^ fMTJTpO^ ^OPOP €P KoplP0(p TpO^ipTa fieTCL 

Tavra errapekOecp €t9 IcciXxop, ovcap *ldo'opo^ iraTplBa • 
€P ff KoraKa^oPTa irpoa^arto^ Akootop top IleXlov t€- 
TeXeirrrjKOTa irapaXafielp Kara yipos irpotrqKovaap Trjp 
fiaaiXeiap, kclL toxs if^ iaxnop Terajfiepov^ d<f} iavrov 
90 wpotrayopevo-cu OerraKov^, Ovk d^o& Be &0Ti vepl Tij% 



Digitized 



by Google 



THE SEVEN AT THEBES. 43 

t<Sf &erTCkkS)v Trpoojjyopia^ ov ravrqv iiovr}V rrpf laro" 
puuf cCKKa Kcu Suujxovov^ erepa^ irapaJSeSoaOcu avfifi^" 
I3if/c€' wepi &p €p oucetordpoLs fivfjaOrjcofieda tccupoh» 
Tijv S' ovv MiqSeicaf iv Grffiat^ ^aai KarcLKafiowav 
^HpaxXea fiavcK^ iraOet auve^dfievov kcu tov^ vlov^ 6 
arireKTivf/coTay ^apiiaKoi^ axrrov wrcurOcu, Tov S Ev 
pvadeo^ erruceifiei/ov rot? wpooTayfiaatv, airoyvovtrav rrjv 
Kara to irapov etc tovtov fitrqOeuaf Kara^xryeiv 6*9 A$Bri- 
Fo? 7rpo9 Alyea tov Uavilovo^, ^EmavOa S* ol fiep 
ifKurw avTTiv Aif/el awoc/crjacuj-av y€innj<rcu MfjSop top lo 
vcTepov MrjSia^ ^aaCKevo'apTa, Ttve^ S laTopovaiP wf> 
ImroTov TOV KpeoPTo^ c^cuTovfievTjp Kpiaeco^: Tv^eip, kcu 
T&p eyjckri/jLaTcav aTroXvOrjvai. Mera Se Tavra 0rj<T€<o^ 
eirapekOoPTo^ €k Tpoi^ijvo^ eU Ta<; ^A6i^va<: eyKXTjOeurav 
eiri KJMpfiaKela (fyvyelp he Trfi iroXews • S0W09 h Acyeto^ is 
TOW irapanefi'^PTa^ et^ rfp fiovXotTo x<opav etv ttjp 
toiviKr}v KOfuaOrjpcu, *Ept€vO€V S' eU tov^ apto tottov^ 
rrj^ Acia^ apafiaaap ovpoiKfjo'cU tivl tS)V em^apwp fia- 
atXe^p, €^ ov yevpfjacu iratSa M'!jBop • kcu top pip iratSa 
fiera ttjp tov ircn-po^ reXcirr^i/ BtaBe^dfjuevop ttjp ficuri- » 
Xeiav Oavfuurdrjpai re KaTa ttjp dpBpeiap kcu toi;9 Xaov9 
{ul> iavTov Mi^Sov^ opOfuLrcu. 



VI. THE SEVEN AT THEBES, AND THE 
EPIGONI. 

HfieU Be irepl Tovrtop apKovpTto^ eiprjKOTe^ Ta irepi 
rmv ewra cttI Orifia^ IcTopTjO'Ofjbep, dpaXafidpT€<: to? ef 



Digitized 



by Google 



44 mODOBUS SICULUS. 

ipX^ oSria/^ rpv woXtfiov. AaXo^ 6 BrfiSof fieunXev% 
yi7/MK ^loKcumjp rrjif Kpeovro^, tcai ')(povov ucajHiv airai^ 
&v, «n7p«Tiy<r€ Tov 0e6v irtpi retcvfov y€V€a€a>^, Tij^ 5e 
IIvOuK BoviTif^ XP^^^^ auT^ firi iTVft4f>ip€Uf yeif€(T6cu 

• recya* row yap ef avrov reKvmOeirra waiSa irarpoKTO" 
vov €<r€a0cu xai iraxrav r^ oIkuu^ irXffpwaeof fteycCK&v 
arv^iJbafTiop * eirCKajBoiAevo^ rav XPV^M^^ ^ y€vvr^a^ 
vUp, e^eOijtce ro Pp4^o^ Zuvir^vr^a^ avrov ra a^pa 
frilSripip " hi f^v (urlav OlSirov^ iarepov wvofuurOff* Ol 
i* oltcerai Xafiopr^ ro irmSiov iicffeivcu fiev ovk ^0€ 
Xficiuf, ^»pr^auro Se r^ IloXufiov ywauci, oi Svpo* 
^VT) yenn^a* ircuZa^. Mera $€ ravra opBpc^Oevro^ rov 
jroiSo^, 6 IMP uialo^ l/cpiV€v eircpemifacu rov 0^v irepi 
rov ^p€<f>ov^ rov €Kr€0€vro^, o Be OiZiirov^ fiaOav irapa 

i» rivo^ Tfjv KaJ0 eavrov vTrofioXrjv, errexeiprja-ep eirepoyrfj" 
irai rifv IIvBUlv vepi r&v icar aKri0€uw yovewv. Kara 
Se rijv ifaKiZa rovrtov aKKrJKot^ dwcamfcdvroDV, 6 pykk 
AdSo^ virepffifxivo^ €iej(i»p€iv rtj^ oBov rrpocerarrep, 6 8* 
OtZiffTov^ opyur0€)s aireiereive rov Aalov, a/fvo&v Uri 

»var^p fjjv ainov. Ka0* ov Snj j(pdvov fAvOoXoyowri 
ir^iyya, Blfiop^>ov 0rjpiov, 7rapa//evofi€vrfv cU to? Qrfia^ 
atvvffui irporiOivcu r^ Swafiev^ Xvaa^, xal woXXov^ inr 
avrrj^ Si dm-oplav dveup€ur0au nport0€fi€vov Si hrdSXov 
^Xav0pdyirov r^ Xuaavri yapLUv rfjv ^loKcurrrfv koi fiaai" 

96 7i€V€iv r&v 0f)fi&v, aXKov piv p^rjSeva Svvaa0ai yvwvai 
ro 7rpor€0€ip^€vov, pLovov Se OlSlirow Xvaa4 ro (uvij/ia. 

Hv Se ro rrpoire0€v inro rtfq ci^tyyd^, rl eari ro avro 
Siirow rpnrow Kcii rerpanrow, ^Airopovp^vtov Si r&v 
aXKeov 6 OlSlirov^ dveffyrfvaro av0pcimov etvai ro rrpofiX'^ 

80 fiev • vTfKWv piev yap avrov {nrdpxovra retpdirovv eUfOi^ 



Digitized 



by Google 



THE SEVEN AT THEBES. 45 

mi^ri<ravTa Se hiirovu, yrfpdaurra Si rpivovv, fiatCTfipuf 
jQxofievov Sta rrjv aadeveuLv. ^EvravOa rffv fikv a^lyja 
Kara top fivOokoyovfievov ')(jpfja'fJLov eatmjv KaroKfyqfivl" 
aaXi Tov Sk OlBiTTom^ yfifxavra rffv dyvoovfievijv vif> 
iatrrov fjup-epa y€jnn}<ra$ Svo ftev moi^ ^EreoxXea /ecu 5 
IIoXweiKTfv, Bvo Be ffvyarepa^ Avriyovrjv kcu ^I<rfir[pr)v, 
T&v S vl&v apBpfo0€VToi>p, /ecu tS>v ircpi rrjv ovKiav 
aa-efififiareiv yvtocBepTonf, top ptep OlSlirovp vrro rmp 
vi&p epBop pL€P€tP aporfKoaBfjiPtu hia rrfp OM^xyprip, rov^ 
Si pcaplcKoif^ irapaKaPipra^ rifp ap^p ofUjiKoylas 04" 10 
a0(u TTpo^ oXXtJXov? ^ap hfiavTOP apj(€ip. Upea^vri^ 
pov 8* wro9 * EreoKktoxf^, tovtop irpwrop ap^h fcai 8«- 
cXOoPTO^ Tov 'Xpopov fifj fiovXeaffcu irapaSiSoPCU rr^p fia^ 
cCKelap, 2%!^ he UoKxweticriP Kara rou; ofioXoyla^ airoA" 
retp rf/p apy7\p • rov Sc aB€Xff>ov fifj xnraxovopro^ if)vy€ip 15 
eU "Apyo^ irpo^ ASpa<rrop top fiaxriXea, Ka6* tp Sfj 
j^opop il>axrl TvBea top Oli/eW €P KaXvB&pi tou9 ai/€- 
ylriois aveXopra ^AXkoOovp #cai AvKonrea ^xrfelp ix ttj^ 
^AirwXla^ €t9 Apyo^. ASpaoTOP Se a/juf>oT€pov^ ^tXo- 
^opta^ viroBe^dfiepop Kara tl Xojiop avpouciaai ro^ao 
0vyaT€pa^ auToh, *Apyeuip fi€P IIoXvp€ik€c, A^qi/nvXr^p Sk 
TvSet 

EvSo/ccfJU)VPTCi)P &€ r&p peaplcrxtop kcu fieyaXt]^ diro- 
&>;09 VTTO TOV ficunXeto^ tvjxo^optodp, <f>curl top ASpa- 
arop j(api^dfM€POP ovtoT^ errayyeiXcurOcu Kora^evp diiif>o- S5 
T€pow ei? Ta9 irarplSa^. KpipaPTO^ S avrov irpSnop 
icarra^a/yelp top TIoXvpelKfjP, ayyeXop €t9 to? O^/Sa^ 
diroaTelXcu TvBea irpo^ ^EreoKXea w€pl Ttys koBoZov. 
*EpTavOd iJKuri top pip TvSea epeSpevOePTa Kara rtfp 
oSop iiro tov *Et€okX€ov^ ireprqKOPTa apipaavp a^'curra^ 80 



Digitized 



by Google 



46 DIODOBUS SICULUS. 

aveXelv, fcai irapaZofyns &^ to "Apyo^ BuuTa>6ijv<Ut top Si 
Ahpaarov irvBofievov ra aviL^avra wapaaKevaaao'dcu ra 
irpo^ TTjv oTpaTclav, Treuravra fieraa'xelv tov iroXefiov 
Kavapea re iccu ' Iinro/J^eSovTa seal UapdevoTraiov top 

& ^AraXavrq^ rff^ Xx<^^v^^^* Tov9 Se irepi tov HoXxwelKrjv 
€7nl3a\€<T0ai ireiOuv *Afuf>idpaov tov /uivtiv avarpaTeveiv 
auToU €7ri ra^ Oril3a<; • tov Be irpoyivdxTKOirro^ Sui t^ 
uavTi/dp: civ aTToXelTCU <TV(TTpaT€v<ra^ avroh, Koi iia 
TOVTO fiTi avy^oipovvTo^t IloXweuajv (fxiai tov j^pvaovv 

.0 opfJLov, ov ^A^poSiTrfv fivdoXoyovtriv 'Ap/jLovi€f Soi/wjo-o^ 
aOcu, Bovvcu T^ yxfvauci tov Afi^mpaov^ oirto^ tov ca/hpa 
Treltrp avfifjLay7J<rcu, Kad^ iv iri ^ovov ^Afufuapaov 
7rpo9 AipaoTov aToaia^ovTO^ irepc rfj^ paaiXeuv:, ofioXo^ 
yia^ 0€<T0(U irp09 aWriKoxf^, $ca6 a? eirerpeirov Kptvai 

15 wepl tS>v afJul)urfi7jTovfi€va>v *EpKf>v\f)v, ywa2Ka fuv 
ovaav Afi^iapaov, oBektfyrjv Se ^ASpdoTov. Trj*: Se to 
vi/cfffia ircpideuTf)^ ^ASpa/rr^, /ecu trepi t^ e7r* Oi^fia^ 
aTpaTeia^ airo^vafievri^ Zelv orpaTevecv, 6 fiev Afjuf>ca- 
pao^ Bd^a^ viro ttj^ yvvcu/co^ irpoSeSoaOcu avaTparevacu 

va fi€V o>fjLo\oyi]<r€v, evToXa^ Se cBo^kcv AXk/juluov^ t^ vl^ 
fiera r^ iauTov TeXetmjv ttjv ^EpKf>v\T)v aveXelv, Oirro? 
fi€v ovv varepov xaTa tcl^ tov irarpo^ ivToXa^' dveiXe ttjv 
/jLf)T€pa, Kcu Sta Tr}v aweiSrja'iv roS fivaov^ €c^ fiavlav 

26 01 i\ irepl TOV "ASpaoTov kcu TloXwcucfjv fuH TvSea 
7rpo<r\al3ofjL€vo^ T^Trapa^ rf/efjuova^, AfJb(f>iapaov kcu Ka-^ 
iravea kcu * iTnrofieBovTa en Se UapdevoTraiov top 
ATcCkavTTj^ TTJ^ S'Xpvvea)^, earpaTevaav cttI to? Sr}fia<:, 
€)(pvTe: Bvvafuv a^toKoyov* Mgra Be Tavra *ET€OKXrjq 

» fiev KCU IIoXvpetKrj^ aXXrjXov^ avelXop, Kawavev^ Bi 



Digitized 



by Google 



THE EPIGONI. 47 

8ia^fi€vo% K(u hta /ckifUiKo^ eiri to rel'xp^ ava^cuvtav 
ereXevTffaev, ^Afi^cdpcLo^ Se '^(avovarp; t^9 7179 efiwcacov 
G^ TO j^acfJLa aera tov ap/MiTo^ cuf>avTO^ eyevero. 
OfJLolto^ Se /ecu 7&V dXXayv ^yefjudvoav airokofievonv irkriv 
ASpaoTov, tcc^ TToXXwi/ (rrparuoT&v ireaovroiv, ot fiep 6 
Otfficuot, rrfv avaipeaiv r&v ve/cp&p ov a'Vve)(cDp7)<rav, 6 Be 
Ahpcuno^ KarcLKnTTtov ard^ov^ rov^ TereXevrrj/coTa^ eira- 
vtiK0€v €49 ^pyo^> ^AtcuJkov Be fievovrtop rwv inro rrjv 
KaSfieiav ireTrrtDKOTonv cfOfMiTon^ kcu /tiySei/o? ToXfi&VTo^ 
Ochrreiv, *A07}va2oL Suufyepovre^ t&v oXKodv ')Qyq<TTorrfTV 10 
irairra^ tou9 uiro t^ KaSfieia weTrrco/coTa^ eOayfrcof* 

Ol fiev ovv ewra ein Otj/So^ tomvtov ti}? arpa" 
reui^ TO irepas eaypv, Ol Se tovt<ov ircuSe^, Einyovoi 
ovofiaaOevre^, rov r&v irareptov Qavarov eire^tovre^ 
eyvcixrav arparevetp Koivy errl Ta<f Orj^a^ • eXa^ov he 15 
yprfafjuov irap* AwoWtovo^ troXe^elv rrfv wpoeiprjfjievffv 
iroXip aTparrjyov e^ovra^; A\K/Maia}ua rov ^Afjb(f>uipaou. 
*0 B AXxfialayp cupeOw xnr axn&v arpaTtjyo^ eirrjpfOTfj- 
<re TOV 0eov wepl t^ cTrl to? &T^0a<; orpareias: Kat, wepl 
rfj^ *EpKf>v\fj^ Tf]^ firjrpo^ KoXdaecyf. Tov Be ^AttoXKodvo^ 20 
j(p7i<TavT0^ aful>0Tepa ra irpoeipijfieva irpa^at Bia to firj 
fujvov TOV ^va-ovv SpfJLOv Be^acdai Kara t^ aTTcoXeia^ 
tov 7raTj0O9, dXXa kcu ireirKov Xafielv airr^v icaTcL t^ 
To5 vlov TeXevrffi • ^A^poBtTf)^ yap, m ^aai, to Tra- 
Xaiov Ba>prf<rafi€vrf^ ^ApfjLovla t^ KdBfiov tov t€ opfiovTS 
KCU irejrXov, afjuf>0T€pa Taxna wpoaBe^acffac r^i/ ^EpL(f>V' 
Xffv, TOV fiev Sp/jLov irapa HoXvveUov^ Xafiovaav, tov 
Be ireirXov irapa tov vlov tov HoXvveUov^ BepadvBpov, 
&ira>9 ireiari tov viov a-Tpareveof ejrl Ta? Brf^a^ • 6 B* 
ovv AXk^jmuov ov fJLovov aBpoio'a^ e^ Apyov^ arpaTiw w 



Digitized 



by Google 



48 DIODOBUS SICULUa 

ra^ oKXa kcu he top TrXfjauov trokecov, d^iokdytp ivpor 
fi£i earpdrevo'ev erri ra^ Grffia^. * Avrtrrct^xBivrfav tk 
t£>v Ori^Uav eydvero fidxH fcaprrepd, Ka9* r^ hfUfja-av ol 
vepi Tov ^ AKKfJLoUiva* oi he 0r)/3{uoi Xet^ffepre^ r^ M^Xff 

Bieai TroXXov9 r&v 'rroTar&v dirofiaXovre^ awerplfiijtrav 
ToZ? eKiriaiv. Ovk Sine: S' d^tdfiaj(pi, (rvfifiovXov eXafiov 
TetpefTUXv rov fkointv, S9 helKevae ^vyelv €k rr}^ iroKe- 
«09 • fioPio^ yap tmr^n aeodTjO'eadeu. 

Ol /i€v oip KctSfuiioi Kivra rijp rov fiainem^ {nroOrj/crfp 

10 e^dkiirop TTflf tt^Xm^, kcu wicto^ auvd^vyov 6A9 Tt ypspiov 
Trjfi BoMTTW ovofJM^opLevov TCK^tracuov. EiretO oi 
fuv ^Eirlyopoc rfjv woKlv ekdvref SirjpTraaav, /ecu r^ Tei 
pealov dvycprpo^ Ad<f>vfj^ eyKparelsT ycpo/nevoi rcumjv fiev 
avedeaav et^ A€'\xf>ov^ Kara rtva eir)(7jv ojcpoffcviop r^ 

16 ^e^. AvTfj Se rffv fuwrucipf ouj^ ffrrov tov irarpo^ €i&vla, 
iroKv fiaXKjov hf T0J9 AeK^h Starpiyfra/ra Ttjv reyyqv 
eirrfv^ce. ^wt€& Si Oavfuurr^ fcexppvyVf^^ X/^^^^ 
eypa^^ iravroSafnrov^, Bia<f>opov^ raU KarcuTKevw * Trap 
^ <f>aa-i KCU TOP TTOi/ifriiP ^Ofiripop ttoXKol t&p eirwp 

90 a'il>er€purdfjb€POP Koa-fifjacu rrpf iSiap Troii]<rtP. Epdea- 
^ovaf)^ S' ainfj^ TToXKaKi^ k(u j(prj<rfiov^ oTTo^cupofiepfj^, 
(fxiolp hrvKKridffpai SifivXkap' to yap epOea^eiP Kcna 
yXSnTOP wrapj(€i,p cifivXXaipeip. Ol S ETriyopov Trfp 
arpareiap en'uf>apfj Trciroi/rffiepot fiera ttoXK&p Xa^vpav 

96 optKafiy^p eU to? TrarplZas^ 

TSafP Se KaZ/ietap t&p avfiif>vyoPT»p ew to TiX/fHoa' 
<rcuop, Teipeala^ fiep €Te7<£VTrj<r€P, tp Od^apTCs; Xafi' 
vpm oi KaBfieloi rifuu^ hroOeot^; €rifjLrj<Tap' avTol 8« 
p^Tapcurrdpref; he t^ TroXeco^ €7ri Acopui^ eoTpdreiHrap, 

10 KCU fAoxP v^^ovT&; TOW hfxi^plov^ hceipov^ fiep e^fior 



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0IN0MA08, mPPODAMElA. 49 

Xov €K T&p irarpiSwVi avrol S* etri riva^ 'xpovov^ Karoucr^ 
iropTt^, ol fi€v Of avry xarefieivav, oi S eiravfjKJBov e&? 
Ta9 Orj/Sa^ Kpeovro^ rov M€vom€<o<; /ScunXevoirro^* Oi 
6* he rS>v irarpiSoDV e^eKaOevre^ vtrrepop rcai ^dvot^ 
KonrfjXJdov €£9 Tqv AtopUba kcu Kar^KJjaav hf *EpiV€^ kcu 6 
KvTivLp Koi Boltp. 



VIL OINOMAOS, TANTALOS, PELOPS, fflP 
PODAMEIA, NIOBE, ILOS, GANYMEDE. 

TovT(ov h fifuv Bi€VKpivrffieva>v iretpaaofieOa Sc€\6€a 
vepl TleKoTTo^ ical TavroKov kcu Olpofidov * avayxcuov Si 
Tot9 j^ouoi^ wpocavaBpafjtovTO^ tifia^ air 'apX'Y* ^ KC^a- 
\aloi^ airavra SteXOeiv • Kara yap rrpf Il€Ko7rovv7f<rov ev lO 
voKet IIlaij''Apqs eyannjaep Olvofiaop. 05to9 Se Ovya' 
T€pa fiovoyevrj y€vv7i<ra^ cavofuurev ^IinroSd/ieuiv, Xptj^ 
arTjpM^ofievq) Se aur^ ir^pt r^ reXevrrj^ e)(pri<T€V 6 0€O9 
TOT€ reXevTrjaeiv airiov orav rj OuyaTqp ^IinroBafLeia 
a-woifcrjirn. Evkafiovfiepov ovv avrov irepi rod ydfwv is 
T^ Ovyarpo^ xplvat rairrrjv irapdevov Sia^vKarTciv, xmo" 
\ap,pdvovTa fiovois ovro)? ix^ev^eo-dcu rov kipSwov. Jt- 
oirep TToTCK&p fivrjarevofievap rfip tcoprjp iOXop frpoeriOe^ 
roU fiov\ofJL€Poi^ avrrjp yfj/MU toiovtov • eSet top fiep 
^prrrjOepra reXevrrja'at, top 8' einTvj(pPTa yafieip r^i/ao 
xoptfp. 

*T7r€<rn]<raT0 he 'nnroSpofilap airo rfj^ Ularj^ f*^)CP^ 
rov Kara KopipOop ^IcO/mov irpo^; top ^tafJLOP tov Tlocei^ 
t&vo^' TrfP 8' a<f>€<rip t&p vmnop erroirjcre xouitrnp^ o fA€¥ 



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50 DIODOBUB SICULOa 

Olvofiooq €0v€ Kppop T{0 All, 6 £e fiVff^TevofA€P09 ^wpftm 
rdOpvmrov eKavvwv opfAO* *Ayur0dvTf»p Se r&v iepmp^ 
Tore apj(€a6€u rov BpofjLov rov Owofiaovt Koi iuoicttp 
Tov fJLPfjtrrfjpa, e^ovra Sdpv xai iivlo^ov top Muprikop* 
Bel S^ €<fuK<uro /caraXafieof to Buotcofievop ipfjui, rinrrtw 
T^ Bopamcai hio^Oelpevp top jjvr)<rrfjpm* Tovr^ Sie rq^ 
rpoirtp Toi/9 oel fiprf<rr€vofi€POV^ KaraXafju/Saprnp Sm rrp^ 
of im/ra t&p tmrtap 7roXXov9 av^peu IleXo^ Be 6 Tap- 
ToKov Karaprr^ac^ w; Hhrop, icai ffeaadfupo^ ttj/p *Iinro 

K Sdfieuiv, hreOvfirjae rov ydfiov ' <t>d€lpa^ Se top r^plo^op 
rov Olpofjuiov Mvprtkop, fcai Xafiap aupepyop irpo^ rr/p 
pi/CTfp, €<l>6aa'€ irapayeifofiepo^ ein top laOfiop irpo^ rov 
rov Iloa-etS&po^ ^fjLop. * O S Ovpojuto<i to \oyu>p rere- 
Xeo'Ocu pofii^fiDP, Kcu Sui rrfP Xutttip {M0vfi7)aa^, aurop etc 

w rov 55*' AA€T€OTi;<r€. Tovr<i^ he r^ rpoirtp Hikor^ yr^fAog 
rrip * ItnroBdfxemp irapekafie rriP ep Illay fieunXeiap, tcai 
Sta Tqp apSpeua/ xcu avpeatv a^l fiaXKop av^fiepo^ rots 
irXeiarov^ rwp xara rrjp IleKoTr6ppri<T0P oI/covptwp irpoa-^ 
ffydyero, km rifp x^P^"^ ^ eaurov IleXoiropp^op 

so vpocffjopeva-ep, 

^EweiBti Se HeXjOTTo^ efipriaOrifjyep, amv^Koiop earn ictu 
irepi rov warpos avrov TaprdXov Ste^jOetp, tva ft/fffiep r&p 
oKofy; d^ltop 7rapa\€i7ro>fi€P, TdproKo^ Jt09 fjiep fjP vld^, 
v\ovr<p Se tcai Sd^ hicu^epfov xar^xei rfj^ ^ Atrial irepi 

25 rqp pvp ovofia^ofievrfp IlaxpXayoplap* Ata he Tqp airo 
rod irarpos Au)^ evyepeiap, W9 <l>€un, <f>t\o^ eyepero rStv 
0e&p eni irXelop. *'T<rrepop he rifp €invj(lap ov ^eptov 
OpffpoTTripw^, Kcu fieraaj(^oi}p koiptj^ rpaire^vf^ k(u ird^rri^ 
wappf^ala^, wnriyyeXKe rol^ dpOpcoTroi^ ra wapa roi^ 

^dffapdroK diroppfffra. Ai vj[p airlap seal ^&p eKoKaad^ 



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TWUOFB, NIOBB, ILO& 51 

Hti r^^WTfrcu^ am^iov loerra TOtW pUiOiw^ riiMopin 
^^twfffj, /eaTaf}(0€i^ €t9 rov^ aa^fifif, Tovrov S' ^evero 
nikon^ t;i09 Ktu Niofitf Ovydrrip^ avrtf S' iyepvtfaei^ 
viaif^ eTrra /cai Ovyarepaq reus laa^, einrperrela Smu^ 
powr4K, ^Evl Be r^ wX^ffet r&y ricpmp fA€ya ^pvarro" 6 
IM^mi nXeopaM^ hca}/)(aTo, km t^ Aitfroi^ iavr^v evre- 
Kvorepoif aftre^MUfero. EtO^ ^ fjiev Afyro» Kara rov9 fu^ 
^ou9 'Xp'kioiTaii&ffi irpoaera^e r^ /Jtip ^AinSKKoovi Karara* 

ycrr^Mi9« Tovrmv S' i^a/Kovo-aiirflMr r^ fJ^pl /ecu /rora lo 
Toi^ ovTOf/ Kaipov Kararo^€vaavr»v ra rixva rffi Nio^ 
fi^f^, ffvvc^ rifv vpo€ipfffA€vrjp v^ &a KOApov o^4as 
Sjtia eSreKvmf koI ar^Kvov yeifdadai* ^Eiru & o Tdvra^ 
Xo9 fwrtfO^^ vwh rAv $€&v e^meaw he r^ Ila^Xafyovia^ 
viro "IXov rov Tp<t>6^, apajKcuov iart KCti ra wtpi rop 16 
iKop Koi rot^ wpoyopov^ avrov SUkOelp, 

T179 Tp^a&>9 x^P^^ TTpano^ Ifiaatkewre TevKpo^, 
%H09 tap SKUfiopSpov rov irora/ju^v kcu 'JSato? PVfKfyr}^, 
dtnjp €7rul>aprfi. Kcu rov^ Xaov^ cuft eavrov Tevxpov^ 
irpoinffOpewTe, TevKpov S* eyepero Bvyavqp Bdreia • » 
ravrrjp Be AdpBapo^ o Aio^ yrjfui^, kcu rrjp ficuriXelap 
BuiBe^afiepo^, roif^ pip Xaov^ cuft eavrov iiPopAae Aap- 
Bapov^, irokiv Be oucura^ em Oakarrr)^ o^PopMrep cul> 
eavrov AcLpBopop. Tovrov S* *Epif)(06pio^ vto9 yevdp^po^ 
evBcup.opla kcu irXovrq^ iroXv BiripeyKe * wepl ov kcu 6 » 
voifrfrri^ "Op/qpd^ ^irt 

Os ^ 6xfkP€t6raTos yivrro Bmjr&v dpOpJmap • 
Tov TpurxjlKuu tsrvroi VKos Kara fiavKoKtovro, 

Epij(0opiov B* t/i09 yepop^epo^ Tpoj^ rov^ Xaov^ topopa^ 
aep d/^ eavrov Tp&cvs. Tovrov t* eyepopro rpel^ vloi, ao 



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52 DIODOBUS SICULUa 

*IXo9f ^Aa-a-apaieo^, Tawfirfivyi. *iXo9 /Mir ovv ^urep 
€v weSlq) irokuf €7ruf>av€OTdT7jv r&v ev r^ TpfpdSi, "iTuov 
cuf> eavTOv Oiiievo^ rrjv irpotrrjyopiop. "IXov Be yevofie' 
vo^ vIo9 Aaofji^eSiov Tt£a>vov Koi Uplafiov eyewtiaev * 
B&v Ti0<av6^ fk€v cnpareuo'cv; el? ra irpo^ &o fieptf rfj^ 
*Aaia^ kcu Butrelva^ &>9 AlOiOfrla^, e/ivOoXoyridrf ixkv 
i^ 'Hot!? retcv&acu MdfJOfova top toU Tpwal ^(yqdrfcrairra 
sou VTTO '^^^^XXeW avcupedevra^ HplafAo^ £' ^E/cd/Stiv 
ytj/jM^ ovv a\Xot9 irXeloa-cp vloU eyeinnjaep ''E/cropa top 

10 hrurrifAdTaTOP yepo/jLCPOP a/ r^ Tpwuc^ irdkefup. ^Aaaar 
paK09 Be AapBdpdOP fiaa-iXevtrai Kamvp eyeppfia-ep* ef 
ov reicpwOei^ ^Ay)(l<ni^ cf ^A^phiiTrj^ Aipelap eyannja-e 
TOP hn^pearrarop t&p Tpmop, FapyfiT^tf^ Se r&p 
dnraPTtop evirpeirei^ Bui^epmf mo r&p Oe&p avrpirayti 

15 Tf0 Au oipajdoelp. 



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0OTKTAIAHS. 



ANCIENT CONDITION OF HELLAS. 

^aiperoi yap 17 yw *JSXXa9 tcoKovfiaftf ov iraKai fie^ 
fiaiw^ olwov/Jkevf), aXXa fteraiHurrdo'ei^ re cva-ai ra wpo' 
repa tccu paBuo^ tKCurrot ttjv iavr&p wrroKeiirovre^ 
fiia^ofievoi xnro rawv aei TrXcioWv. Tffi yap ifiiropuK 
ovic ou<rff9 oiS* errifuyvvvTe^ dSeA^ aWrJKoi^ oure /cara 5 
yijy ovre &a ddKacafj^, V€fio/Jb€voi re ra airr&v ^Kocroi 
iaop anro^fpf kcu ireptovtruuf j^fjtarav ovk S)(pvre^ ovSe 
yrfp ^vrevovre^, aivjKov Sv inrire t*9 errekOwv /au are^^ 
ylareav afia ovrmv aXko^ o^KUpr^o'eTa^ t^ re xaO* 
fffUp€tp avayKoiov rpoifnj^ vavra/)(pv hv rtyovfAevot eirir 10 
Kparetv, ov ;^aXe7r£9 cvrravlcrra^n'o, koI St avro ovre 
fieyeBei woKeav liryvov ovre r^ oXXj; irapcurKev^. 
Makurra Se r^ yfj^ tf apumj ael to? fierafioXoi rStv 
olicffropiov etj(€V, rj re wv Beardkla /cdKov^Uvrj Koi 
Boumia IleXoirovvi^ov re ra iroXka irXiiv *ApKa£ia^ 10 
T^ re aXKfj^ ^aa fjv tcpdricTa, Aul yap aper^v yfj^ 
m re SiwofieK run fiei^v^ eyytypofievai arda-ei^ eve" 
irolowt €^ &v &f>0€lpovro km afia xnro aXKo<f>vK(ov fiaXKov 
6* 



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54 THUEYDIDES. 

hrePovKeCovTO. Trp; yovv ^Arrucrpf, he rov hn wX&mm 
tia TO Xeirroyemv a<rraaUuTTOv oinravt avOpemroi ^kovp^ 
oi (WTOi a€u Kju vapaoeiyfia rooe rov \oyov cvk 
€Kaxt<TTov €<m Sia ra9 (JLeroiKia^ 69 ra &KKol /lij ofiolw^ 
6 av^drjvcu. *Ek yap t^ aXXi;^ *B!XKaBo^ ol woKefup 
tj <rrdaei heirlTTovre^ ^ap ^AOjpKuawi <u hnfarinaTOi 
»9 pifioMV tv aveyipow, km woXItoi yiyvofjbevot evOv^ 
am-o iraXcuoO fiei^m m €7roifj<rav irXriOeA avdpamwv rijv 
woXjv * &<rT€ KM 69 *Imviav icrrtpov ia^ ov^ iKCunj^ ownf^ 

10 T^ ^Arruerj^ caroucuv; i^eirefi^p^MP. ArjKoi h4 fun kcu 
ToSe r&p iTiiKiu&p aa04p€uw ov^ rfKiara * m-po yap r&v 
TpwucSiv ovBep ^HUveroA irporepov KOtv^ epya^rafianf ^ 
*J5XXa9, SoKcl ie fjLot, ovSe rovvofM rovro ^vpm-acxi nrn 
etx^v, dXKa ra /lev trpo ^BSXKtpn^ rov AewcdkUnfo^ xai 

15 iraw ouSc elvat 17 iwlKKffa'i^ airrf, Kara SOvrf Si aXXa 
re Koi TO TleKa^yueov eiri 9r\eMrroi/ cu^ eavrw rvfp 
eirwvvpUav vapex^aOeu. 

^EXKijvo^ Be Kcu r&v iraHofP aurov iv r^ ^uirrtSi 
ifOyycamoiv, Ktu eirarfOfMvav aurov^ err 09if>eXeia e9 raif 

90 aX\a9 7roXft9» Koff* eKcurrov^ fkOf vjBff r^ ofuXlef fiaXXop 
KoXelaOcu EUKKifva^t ov fJteproi woXKov ye ypovov ifivpck^ 
ro Koi Snraaw eKvucfja-ai. TeKfmjpiol 8fe futkurra ^Ofi/ff- 
po9 • troXK^ yap varepov m luU r&v TpomK&v yepofievo^ 
ovSafiov T0V9 ^/iiravra^ mvofiao'ev, oiS* SxKjov^ ^ 

86 T0V9 p<er 'ilx*^^'*^» ^^ '^ tOuiriSo^, oSirep xai irpSnoi 

EXKrjve^ fjaav, Aava^v^ Se ep ro2^ hreci kcu *Apyelov^ 

Koi *A)(aiov^ avaKoKel. Ov fiffv oifSe fiapfidpov^ uprfxe 

huL TO iJLffie ^EXXffPa/: tto), ©9 efMol SoKei, dprmaXop eU 

Q Si/ opofia oTTOKeKpurdai, Ol S* ovp i^ iKCurrot "EXKrjpe^ 

10 Kara iroKei^ re, So^t d\\rj\MP ^vpie<rav koI ^/jnrapre^ 



^ 



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AKCIENT OOKDinON OF HELLAS. 55 

i^r€p€/u /c\^4vt€^, ovScp irpo rSnv Tpcamc&v Si* daOeveuw 
Koi ufu^lav oXX^Xo)]/ aOjiooi hrpci^av. *AKKa icai 
ravTfjp TTJv arpareiav 6dXda<nf ^&; frTsjem j(p(ifAepoi 
^wifKOw, Mivw^ jap fraXalraro^ &p cuco^ la-fiep 
vauru^ itcn/iaanv, ecu t^ vw ^EXKtiPite^ BaKacinj^ $ 
eirl vXeurrav etcpdrrfce * km rSm Kv/cXaBmp vrjcwv ^p^ 
T« not oifcurrtj^ irpAro^ rSxv 7r\ei<rrmv eyevero, KoLpwi 
i^Xicra^ feci tov9 iavrov */ro£Sa^ ^y€fU}pa^ iyicaTcurrrf- 
^o^. T4 r€ Xifaryeov^ »9 eitc^, xaO^pei he rij^ BcLkaa" ^ 
<nf^ e^ S&6V fjSvvaro, rov ra^ vpoirihav^ (laXKjov lanu ib 
APT^. 01 yap ^EXXtjve^ ro iraKxu, km t&v /Sapfiapaw 
oi re €v Tp 'fyireiptp irapaJdcXacrtnoi kcu Saoi vrjoov^ €T%oi^9 
eire^ ffp^amo fwXKov irepaiov(rffa>i vavtrlv eir oXXtj^ 
Tiov^, erpcaropro irpo^ Xpimlav, rjyovfiofenf avhp&v ov 
tSw dBwarcardrcop, KepBoi;^ rov <r<f>er€pov avr&v evexa l» 
xmi T0I9 a<T0€V€<TV rpo^n}^' koi Trpoawlirrovre^ vokeaiv 
areiyyrrot^ Koi Kara K<op/i^ oiKovfievai^ fjpva^ov, xal rov 
vXeurrov rov fiiov evrevOep ewoiovvro, ovk expvro^ ttw 
iUir)(wqv rovrov rov epyov, ^€povro^ Se r& koI Bo^i^ 
fiaXKov. ArfKoviTi, he r&v re rpretptor&v rive^ Sri km so 
wv, oh Koa-fio^ KoXA^ rovro hpav, km oi iraKaioi r&v 
rrovrfriv, ra^ wvarei^ r&v KarairXedvrfov travrajfov 
Ofwim^ Ipwr&vre^ ei XijarM eww, (09 ovre tov irwOdvov^ 
nu arra^iovvraiv ro epyov, oU r ewifie^^ eiq e]ZevM ovk 
^ oveiBi^ovT»v. ^EXffi^ovro Be koI Kar rpreipov aXX^Xovf • S6 
Km fi'€XP^ rovSe woTCka t^ *£XXaSo9 t^ 'rraXM^ rporr^ 
vifJLerM irepl re AoKpov^ rov9 ^O^dka^ km AxrosiKov^ km 
^Axapvava^ km rrjv ravrrf ipreipov. To re a-iSr)poif>ope'i' 
<r6ai roiroui rol^ rfirevpwrat,^ aifo t^ irctKaias X'parew 
ifLjie^evfiKe* Haaa yap rj *EXkai^ eaiSiffpo<pdpei Sia to? 10 



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56 THUETDIDS8. 

a^poKTOv^ T€ oixri<r€i^ tuu ovk d<r<f>aSjw irap* aXXriKavi 
€<poBov^, K(u ^WTiOfi r^v ZldXrav fieO* oirXoav hroir^cano 
wawep ol fiap/3cLpou 

Xrjfielov S' ccTT* ravra t^ *£XXa&>9 ert ovrm V€fi0' 

s fA€va T&v irore kcu €9 ircana^ ofJLOiav BuuTfffutT&p* Ev 

V * ToZ? irpSnoL & *A0fjp(uot rov re aiSf)pov Karddeino koI 

\^ avetfieuy T^ SuuTTf e? to rpv^pwrepov fLeT€<rrff<rav. 

^ Kal ol irpetrfivrepot avroU r&v ev^fiovtov fiia to dfipo^ 

hUuTov ov woXv9 ;^w)9 erreiSfj ^(VT&vd^ re Xivov^ hrav' 

10 cavTO if>opovvT€^, KCU j(pvc&p rerriywp evepaet lepmfivXop 
avaZovfAevoL r&v ev r^ /c€(f>aK^ rp^&v. *A<I> ov xat 
^<iv€ov T0V9 irpeapxnipov^ Kara to (vyjeve^ eni iroTuf 
avnj ri aKCvrf Kariax^* Merpia B av eaOf/ri kcu €9 tov 
vvv TpoTTOv irp&Toi Aatc€S(Ufi6vto& e^pritravTO, kcu €9 ra 

15 SXKjol irpo^ Tov^ iroXKjoxf^ ol to, fiel^co K€KTfjfi€voi laoSuU' 
TO* fiaXiara KaTeoTTftrav. Eyv/ivtaOrja-av t€ irpSnov kcu 
€? TO <f>av€p6v airoixnrre^ Xvira fiera tov yv/ivd^ea-Ocu 
fjXel^lravTO. T'o Be irdXcu kcu ev t^ *0\vpnruiK^ ayS>vi 
Bta^cofuiTa S^ovTCi irepl ra cuBola ol dOXtjTcu ffywvlfyvTOf 

so KCU ov iroXKa enj eTretBrj irenavrcu, Eti 'Be kcu ev rolq 
pappdpovi etTTLV oU vvv» kcu pLoKurra toU ^AaiavoU, 
irvypLrff; kcu iraKrj^ iOXa TtOeTcu, kcu Bi^^axrfAevot tovto 
BpSnTi* TIoXKa S' hv kcu clKKxi ti^ diroBei^ie to irct' 
Xaiov 'EXkffvtKOV opLOiArponra r^ vvv papfiapuc^ Btavrd- 

96 fjLCvov. T&v Be 7roKe<ov Strcu piv vecrraTa tpKla^Ofja-av kcu 
ijBff ifKjoipMneponv XvTmv, irepiovtria^ pJaXKjov e^pva-cu 
j(pvjpAT<av err avroh T0Z9 cuyiaXo'h Tely(€a'iv hcri^ovro 
KCU Tov^ laOp^v^ aireXapfiavov, ep/rropUui Te iveKa kcu 
rij^ trpo^ TOW irpoaolKoxf^ Ikootoi urxvo^ 'Jcu Be iraXcucu 

80 Bia TTJv 'K/rf(TTeiav err* woIkv avTurxovaav diro 0dkda-<nf^ 



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ANCIBNT COKDITION OJt HELLAS. 57 

pLoXkov ^ia-Ofja-av, ai re hf rai^ vr^aoi^ tuu ev row 
ffirelpov; • e^pov yap aKKr[Kjov^ re /cai r&v SXKmv Saoi 
opre^ ov 6aKitr<ruii Karto ^oxw koX fie^xpt rovBe In 
oiHpKiafAevot elaL Kai ov^ y<r(TOP Xytrrai fjaav ol 
vrjaiSnoi Kapi^ re ivre^ luu tolvifce^. Ovroi yap $ 
hfj ra^ irXeurra^ r&v vrjcmv ^uraif, Maprvpiov 
Be* jdiqKov yap tcaOatpo/ie^nj^ vtto *A0fjvauov hf r^Se 
r^ woKefup tccu r&v Otjk&p avoipeOeur&p Saai ^trap 
r&v reOvetorfov ev r^ vr^<p, xnrep ^fuav Kape^ e<l>cunj^ 
aav, yvmaOevrei ry re ciceuff r&v SitXmv ^tJvreOafJb- lo 
fievTf Kot r& rp6ir<p ^ vvv !rt BaTrrovci. Kara^ 
crdvTO^ Se rov Mivio vaurucov 7r>jalfMorepq eyevero 
Trap* aXKrJKov^' ol yap ex r&v vriamv KaKovpyoi 
aveoTTfaav vir avrov Sre irep xai ra^ voXKoi av^ 
r&v /carauci^e. Kai oi irapa OaTuuraav avOpwrroh pLoK" 10 
"Xjov rjSij rrpf tcnjciv r&v ')(pfifiar<ov iroiovfievoi fiePoiO" 
repov ^ow km rive^ icoJ rel^ irepie^aXKovrOj ©9 
irXovautyrepo^ eavr&v ytyvofievoc* E<f>^€f/bevoi yap r&v 
K€p8&v ot re rjaaov^ inrepLevov rrpf r&v Kpeuraovwv 
SovKeiav ot re iwarirepoi wepiova-la^ i)(9vre^ irpoae- 90 
iroiovvro innftedov^ ra9 eKaaaom wokei^, Kai ev 
roxrrtp ry rpoirtp pJaKKov rjSfj Svre^ iarepov XP^^ 
eifi Tpolav ecrrparewrav. ^Ayafiepvwv re fioi Soxel 
r&v rore Swdfiet irpov^mv, /ecu ov roaovrov rol^ 
TwSdpew SpKoi^ teareiKrjfifAevov^ rov9 *E\evrf^ fJLvrforfj^ ss 
pa<i arffoVf rov <rroKov ayelpcu, Aeyovat he Koi oi 
ra iTO^eirrara IleXoirowTjaiayv /J^vrffiy irapa r&v nrpo- 
repov SeSeyfievoi TleKotrd re irp&rov irXi^Oei yprifuxrcoVt 
ti fi\0€V €K rij^ * Atrial ^<ov e? dvOpdrirov^ ajropot^g 
Swafuv 7repi'jroLr)aafievov rrjv ewrnvvfiiav r^ X^P^ ^ 



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68 THUKTBIDES. 

evrjKurrju ovra ofim^ <r)(€lv Koi tarepov T0Z9 exy^fotg 

viro *HpaK7<£tS&u airoVavovTo^, *Arpi<»s hi fnyr/w dB^X^ 
ipov ovro^ avT^, 4C(u eirvrpi'^vros EvpvaBdint^ ir iarpa^ 

• T€U€, MvKTipw; T€ K(u T7fv Qfix^ Kara TO ohcelov 

Arpel* Tvy^dveuf Be aurov ^>€vyovTa tov waripa 

Sia TOV Xpva-imrov Bavarov * Ktu m ovicm dveja^' 

prjirev Evpvirdev^i fiovXofj^av jceu twp Mwcqvaluiv 

^/8f> r&v ^HpoKkeiB&v /ecu cifia Bwarov Boscoutna 

10 etveu iuu to irXjljdo^ TeOepairevtcoTa, tSjv MvKfpfOMov 
re Koi oatov Eipvcdev^ ^PX^ ''^ fiaaiKeiav ^Arpia 
irapoKafielv, Koi twv HepaeiZ&v tov9 HeKarrlZa^ fiel' 
(fot/9 tcaTcurnjvcu, ''A fjLo$ Bo/c& ^AyapLifivtdv irnpaXa" 
ficop K(u vavTuc^ re afia eni irkiov t&v aSXtdv 

vslcywra^f r^v orpaTeiop ov xdptm to irkeiov fj <f>op<p 
^vpaya^(ov iroir^aadcu* taipercu, ycl^ vavcl re vXel^ 
arai^ avTo<: cuf>iKOfi€Po^ luu ^ApKocrt irpoairapcuryjiv, 
c»9 Ofifipos TovTO BeB-qXiDKep, el Ttp Ikopo^ T€Kfjia)pu^ 
<T(Ui K€u €P TOV iTKTfrTpov S^ T^ 'nropoZoo'et etpffKep 

soavTOP 

owe &v dtfp VTjaayp 1^ t&v irepiOitelBfOP, avrai Be ov/c 
hp woXKai eifja-caf, fyireupdnri^ &v expare^ el fii^ t$ k<u 
vavTucop et^cp. Ehca^euf Be j(p^ kcu Tavrjf r^ arpareuf 

SB ola Tip Ta vpo airnj^. 

Kai OTt fjiev Mv/crjpat fwcpop ^p, tj ei Ti tS>p Tore 
frokurfia pvp fiT^ d^toxpetop Boxei etpcu, ov/e axpifiel 
OP T*9 arifAem 'xpifi^epo^ dirurroitf firj yepeaBai top 
OTOXOP TOCOVTOP, Scop ot Te TTOtiTrol upi^Koa^ Koi 

^Xoyo^ tcarex^u AtuceBa^fiopuop yap ei ^ irokt^ eptifiM^ 



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ANCIENT OONBITION OF HETiTiAft 69 

0tiff, Xei^eiff Se rd t« Upa $au rfj^ KaraaKevfj^ 
ra iSa^, woXX^v &p clfuu anrurricaf r^ Bwdfien^ 
TfpoeXdovTO^ iroXKov ypivov roii hrevra vpo^ to kTUo^ 
wr&v €Imu* Koirot neXowowrjcov r&v irevre ra^ 
Bvo fMHpa^ vefiovToi, rrj^ re ^vpnrdtnt^ ifywintu $cai • 
tAp !^ ^ufUfAofxmv iroXKSav* Sfie^ Se cvre ^ymun 
kurdeiaij^ iroKeots oire iepoh tcai Korraatcevw m-oXu" 
reXeon %pi;o-af(eiMi^, Kara icmfia^ Si t{» waKeu^ rrji 
*£X\a5o9 rpimp ^ia4r0€l<ni^, ^xuvovr &p vnroBeearepa* 
^AdipHMOp ie TO aino rovro waOiprwp tprrysjcuruof lo 
iisf T^y BvpafuP nicafycBat, diro rffv ^nu^pa^ iy^^m^ 
(A tf}^ voKet^ fj iariP. OStcovp dnrurrtlp elteo^, ovSk 
To^ Xy^t^ Tiop 7ro\€(0P pJSXKop a/coirwf ^ ra9 Supd' 
fA€i^, pofii^ew Sk rifp arpwrelav aeelpffp fAeyumfP pip 
j€P€(r0(u r&p wpo airnf;, XeinofA&nfp Si rwp pvp, t^ » 
*Op,Tipov av nroirjaec el rt, ^P^ tcdpravda irurreuHP^ 
^p e2^9 eirt to p£i^op pip iroirjTrip oPTa KocpSja-cu, 
Sp,o^ Si if>alp€T<u /cai oirt^ €pSeeaT€pcu IleTroiffKe 
jap yCKmp Koi Suucocuop p€&p, to^ p^p Bouotwp 
el/eoin kcu exaTOP dvSp&Pj to^ Se ^tXo^nfrov weprrf' so 
/copra, Stj\&p, m epoi Soxei, tcl^ fieyioTcni ^ e\a- 
xi<rTa<; • oXXmp jovp fieyeBov^ Tripi ep peiv /caToKoytp 
ovK efMn^Off. Avreperai SH Sti fjtrap /col ptd^ipLOi 
troprei, hf tcu^ iCKoicTTfrov paval SeSi^XMtce, To^d- 
Ta9 yap irdpTo^ werroirjtee tov^ irpoaKtoirov^. Hepir 9f 
V€a>9 Sk ovfc ehco^ mXXoif^ ^vprnXeuf S^ t&p fiaa^ 
Xetap Ka\ t&p pdXufTa ep rcXe*, aXX<09 t6 koI p^eK' 
Xopraf; TreKajo^ vepcuda-eo'dtu pera aicewp iro\ep4K&Pt 
ovS* aS TO trXola KaTof^cuera e)(ppTa^, dXKa t^ 
waXai^ Tpdtrtp Xtftrrtxc^Tepop vapeaKeva^rpkepa^ Upo^ ao 



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60 tAuktdidbs. 

TTOtWi ov voKKol ifxHVOVTOi ikOovre^, e»9 otto wd^ 

JlItiov S' ffp ovy^ 17 okvyavOpwrrla rofrovrop &rop 

6 17 a')(pfiiMiTia. T^ yap rpoifnj^ cnropla, rov re arparop 
eKda-a-oD ifytvyov K€U Saov ijXyri^ov avroOep iroXefu^vma 
fiunevaew, erreiBi^ re a^ucoiievoi f^XP €KpaTff<ratf • 
Sf}Xx)v &ۥ TO yap epvfui t^ (rrparoir&fp ovk hp \ 
ereix^ovTo, <l>alvaPTcu S' ovB eirravda wdoff t^ 8u- 1 

10 pd/d£i, xpTftr^H^^^^f oKKa wfm yee»pyiap t^ Kepco^ 
prjavv rptvrrofJLevot lau Xtftrrelap rfj^ rpo^nji^ caropUf* 
Hi Koi fiaXXov ol Tp&e^ aur&v Si€<nrap/jb€P»p ra 
hixa en; dprelxpp fil^ rw cui vTrdKevn-o/ieponf dprU 
TToKot Svre^. Ilepiovo'lap Bi el fjXBop e^ppre^ rpo^njj^ 

15 /cat ipre^ aOpooi, opev Xtforelc^ /ecu yea^pylc^, ^vpe)(&^ 
TOP TToXefjLOP tU^pop, pqiioD^ &p fM/XV ^/'A'>'oiW€9 etkop, 
OL ye Kcu ovK c^pooi^ cCSXa p^epei, r^ ciel nrapoPTi 
oprelxop* HoXiopicUf Z* hp irpocKaBe^op^poy ep ekaa' 
avpi re XP^^ '^ wrropdnepop rifp Tpoiop etkop. 'ilX- 

80 Xa hi dxpfip^riap ra re irpo rovrtop dcOepfj fjp /caX 
aura ye Srj ravra opofuurrorara rSnf rrpip yevofACpa 
Bi)\ovTai roc^ epyoL^ vnoSeearepa opra rij^ ^/^ 
Koi rov PUP irepl aur&p Sia tow tto^j/to? \oyov /care' 
axfjKoro^, ^Eirei /uA fjbera ra Tpe^i/ca 17 '£XXa9 in 

m fierapurraro re /uu psTtpKi^ero, &aTe fifj f)<Tvxo^o^^ 
au^OfjvaL. H re yap apax(opr}&D9 r&p ^EXkriPtop ef 
^IXiov XP^^^ yepofiepff TroXXa epeoxj^oa-e, /cai ardaet^ 
ep ral^ rrokeo'iP ©9 enri woXv eylypopro, cuf} &p €/c»r/- 
rrropre^ ra<i iroKei^ e/cri^op. Boyoyroi re yap ol pup 

80 e^Koar^ h-ei fiera *I\lou aXaaip €f "Apprj^ avaarapren 



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ANCIENT CONDITION OF HELLAS. 61 

info 0e<TaaKSnf rijp vw f^ep Bouarlav, irpor€pcv & 
KaS/if)tSa ytjv /edKov^iemfv ^la-av fjv Si ainSnf sou 
dvoSaa-fio^ irporepov ep rf yy ravrp, cuf} &v sou €9 
"IXufp earrpdreva'av ' ^oop^^ re oyBtyrfKoar^ er€* fw 
*HpaicKeiSai^ IlekoTrowTjaov €<rj(pv * fAoki^ re €p 'iro'XX^ s 

ffTOfuvff diroiKUv; iferrefjuy^* $cai "Itdva^ ^v *A0fjV(UOi 
tuu vffciMT&p T0V9 7roXXov9 ^^Maav, ^IraKw Be tcai 
Suc€\la^ TO irXelarov IleKxnrovPTitnoh rffi t€ oXXi;? *JSX- 
\a&>9 ioTOf h x^P^ * TToina tk ravra itrrepcv r&p lo 
Tp&uc&p hcrla&ff. 
C*j-' AvpafrmrepiK fie yiypofiepff^ r^ *EXKd6o^ scai r&p 
ypTifid^wp riip /crfja-tp ert fiaXKop fj irparepop iroiov 
/lepff^ ra woWa rvpappiSe^ €P row iroKeat KoOiartuno, 
T&p irpocoBiOP /jLCt^oPiDP jiypofiepofP * wporepop Se ^actp 16 
eni fnjroU ^yepaa^ irarpuccu fiaatXeioi * pavrucd re 
e^rfpTvero 17 *E\ka^ /col rij^ daXacinj^ fmXkop carrel-' 
XPPTO. lIp&Toi Be KoplpOtot XeyoPTOi eyyvrara rov 
PUP rpowov fieTaxe^io-(u ra 'jrepl to? pov^ km rptripet^ 
wp&TOP €P KopipBtp tffi *EKK£Bo^ paxnrrjyfjfffjipcu* iaU 90 
percn Be kcu, Sa/juoi^ ^AfAetpoKXrj^ KopipOu}^ PovTrrf^ 
yo^ pov^ woiriaa^ reaa-apa^. "Ettj 8* etrrl fiaXurra 
rpiaKoauL €9 rifp reXevrifP rovBe rov woXefiov Sre 
^AfieipOfcKri^ Sa^iioi^ ^\0e, NavfAa^i^ t€ iraKaird- 
T17 &p t<rfJL€P ylypercu KopipBltop irpo^ Keptcvpaiov^. 25 
*JBti7 Se jiidXurra teal ravry e^Kopra tuu Buucoaid 
earn fie^pt rov avrov ;^i/ov. Oucoupre: yap rrfp 
iroXiP oi KoplvOuH, eirl rov laOfWv (Ui Br) irore efiiro" 
piop elypp, rS>p ' EsTsXrpHOP ro irdXeu Kara yf}P ra frXeie» 
tj Kara ddXaaaop, r&p re epro^ neXoTroppqaov km 9$ 
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62 THUKTDIDSS. 

T&v i^, BuL 7179 €K€ltmp irtip oXXf^Xoibc emfua^ 
yovTtDV, XpiifMicr^ re Swarol fyratf, A^ Ktu tw 
iraXaioU voiffrai^ Se&iKwrtu* cufafeiov yap eirmvofia" 
vav TO jfwpiop. *EireiBi^ t« ol "EXKtfve^ fioKKov 

$ eirT^i^op, TO? vav^ KTfftrdfieifOi ro Xjffrrueop Kod^pow 
tctu ifiwopiov 'iinpe)(pvT€^ ofjufHrrtpa iwar'qv itrypv 
j(jpflfiarwv irpotrdSf rifp woktf,^ ,j Kai "Imctv wrrepop 
troXv ylyvercu vcuniteov eni Kvpov, Ilepa&v vpiirov 
fieurCKevoviy;, icai Kaftfiwrov rod vUo^ aurov, T17? 

10 re KCvS* eavrotf^ ffaXcura^ Kvp^ irdKepmvre^ eKpanj^ 
aav rwa ypovov. Keu Il6Kutcparff^, Safu>v rvpavp&p ^ 
eni RdfiL^vaov, vavtuc^ urywav oWck re r&p pi^<op 
irrrrjKoov^ erroirjo-aro, km ^Prfveuip iXMP dvedfjKe r^ 
*A7ro\Xa>pt> r^ jdrfKitp, ^toKO^ re Ma<raa\lap cIkI" 

15 ^opre^ Kapj(fjSoplot^ epixfop povfjta^ovpre^ * Bvpar^O' 
rara yap raxna r&p pavrucAp ^p, ^alpenu Se 
Kai ravra woKKah yeveaS^ wrrepa yepofjtepa r&p 
TpwucAp, rpiripeai fiep oXlyai^ jQiAp^epo^ weprfjKOP' 
^opoi^ B* €Tt Kcu irXjoioi^ ficucpw i^prVfUpa &avrep 

90 exetpcu 

*0\iyop re wpo r&p MtfSiK&p kxu rov Aapeiov 
Oapdrov, S^ fiera Kapfivarfp Hepfx&p efiaaiKeuae, rptrj" 
pepi irepi re ScxeXla^ roh rvpdppoi^ €9 vK^Oo^ eyepoP" 
ro KCU KepKvpa^K. Tavra yap reKevrcua irpo t^ 

96 Uep^ov arpareta^ pavruca a^iokoya ep r^ ^EXKoBi 
KareoTTj, Avyipffrai yap kcu Adrfpoiot kou el rufe^ 
aWot Ppa')(ia eKeKTipno, kcu rovrtop ra troXKa irev^ 
njKOPTopov^ • oyfte re cuf> ov Adrfpaloi;^ SepMrro^ 
KXfjf; eweiaep AtyLprjirai^ iroKepjovpra^, kcu cifui roZ 

» jSapfidpov TTpoaBoKifAOv opro^, to? pov^ irotT^acBcu 



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ANCIENT QQNBrnOK OF HELLAS. 63 

at<nr€p seai ivaviJMyflaaif * teai ovro* oiwm ^Xf^ &a 
ir4<nf^$ xarfurTpwfkarcL. 

Ta fjilv wv vavTuca rmv ^EXXr/vt^v roiavra Ipf, 
rd T€ irukma m(u ra wtrepov yvpfofj^eva* *laj(up 
81 vepten'Oii^cano Sfioa^s ovk eKaj^limjv ol irpoirypmei » 
avTol^ XP^f^Tmv t6 irpoaoitp tuu oXKmv dp^. *£7ri- 
v\€OVT€^ yap Ta9 vrjo-ov^ iear€aTp€<f>ovTOt /cai fiaXurra 
Stroi fiiq hutpKYJ €l)(pv xwp€Uf, Kara yf}v Be iroKefAo^, 
idev ri9 Kiu Bvvafu^ irapeyevero, oifZei^ (wearrf irdv 
Te9 Be fjirctp Saoi, icai eyivovro wpo^ ofJLopov^ roif^ lo 
o-^erepot/? acdaroi^* /ca\ hcBrifjLov^ arpareia^ ttoXv 
OTTO T179 iavT&v err aXKmv Kara<rrpo^ ovk €^€- 
aav oi '^EXSofve^. Ov yap (uv€<rT7JiC€<r€Uf tt/w ra^ 
fieyloTO^ 'n'o\£ii9 VTrrj/cooi, ovB* oS airrol otto t^ 
Zen;? kocpo^ arpareu^ eiroiovvro, Kar dXKrJKov^ Be 10 
l^aXKov w tKacrrot ol darvyelrove^ erroXefjLoiw. Ma- 
\urra Be e? rov iraKxu irore yevofievov woXe/wv XdKju- 
Bemv Kcu ^Eperpvewv, koH to aXKo *EXXfjvcKOP e? ^vfifia- 
tA> j(lav eKarepwv Bu<rrq. 

^Eireyevero Be aXKoi^ re aXKoOi /caciKufiara p^ 90 
av^dTjpai, KCU "Ic^ai, 'Trpo^ofprjaavTav hn fieya r&v 
irpajfiaTaw, Kvpo^ kcu rj Hepaucri ficurtXeia Kpdurov 
KaOeKovira kcu oca eWo9 AXvo^ irorafiov irfw ffdkcuT' 
aav, errearpdrevae kcu ra^ ep ry ffirelpfp iroKev^ 
eBoxfKwae, AcLpelo^ Be vtrrepov r^ ^oivUtop pavnK^» 
Kpar&p KCU ra^ pria-ov^, Tvpappov Be Haoi fyrap ev 
ToTv ^EXKffPuccu^ iroXeai, to €^' eavrSfv fiopop wpoopd>' 
fjL€VOi e^ re ro a&fui kcu €9 ro rop cBmp oIkop av^euf Si* 
daiJHiKela^ Scop eBvpapro fuiTucrra ra^ iroXei^ ^koxw, 
e^pdx^V '^^ ^'"^ ainSap ovBep epyop d(co\oyop, el p/rf & r$m 



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64 THUETDIDES. 

jrpo^ irepiol/cov^ rots out&p eKcurroK. Ol jap hf ^uc€^ 
Xlff hri ifKeuTTOV ej^dfyijtrap SwdfAeao^, Ovrw irama' 
ypBev ri *£XXa9 €7ri iroKvv ')(p6vov Karelx^ro firfre tcoiv^ 
<t>av€f)ov fjurjSev Karepyd^e<r6(u, Kara TroXet? re aroKfw 
5 Ttpa ehcu. 



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•H P O A O T O S. 

IONIAN WAR. 



L CAPTURE OF MILETOS. (Erato VL 1-21. 
B. C. 494.) 

Apurrayofyri^ ^Uv wp ^Ic^vitjv airoirrfia'cv;^ cvrto re- 
\euT^ *IaTUUo^ Be 6 MiKrjrov rvpawo^, fiefieri/Aevo^ 
vwo Aapeiovj irapfpf e? Xdphv;, ^Airi^fUvov Sk airov 
etc tS>v Xova-ofv etpero ^ Aprra^ipvri^ 6 Xaphloav inrapj(p^^ 
Kara tcolop n Sokcoi "Iwva^ direoToifau 'O Se ovres 
etSepiu €^, €0(ovfjLa^e re to yeyovo^, «9 ovSev hffiev r&v 
irapeovTWV vprjyfiaToap emfrrdfievo^. *0 Se ^Apra^epvT^ 
op€4ov airrov rexva^ovra, ehre, elSo)^ ttjv drpetcif^v rfj^ 
dirooTcurio^ * "Ovtoj to«, ^Icrruue, e^ei, Kara ravra ra 
irpriyfiara • rovro to xnroif)fia Sppayfra^ fiiv av, {rrreSi^- lo 
aaro Si * Apurraydpi]^.^^ Apra^epin^ fiev ravra e; rrpf 
drroarraa-iv e^ovra elwe, 'Iotuuo^ Be, Belaa^ «9 ow*- 
etrra *Apra<l>€pv€a, vtto ttjv irpayrqv ewekOovirav vvtcra 
direSpfj ern OdXactrav, fiaaCKea Aapeiov €^rjirarr)Kw • 
S9 SapSoD VYfirav rrfv fieyl<rrrfu irrroSe^dfuvo^ Karepycura' w 
aOai, vTreSwe rS>v *I(ova>v rrfv iqycfioviffv rov tt/oo? Aa- 
pelop woXe/j^v. Atafict^ Se h Xlov, eSeOrj {rrro Xitov, /ca" 
6* ( 



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66 HER0D0T08. 

Ttvpf^^aOei^ vpo^ avT&p vec^repa wprio'treiv wpifyfuira e? 
ecoxrrov^ €k j^apetou, Madovre^ fjtevroi ol X2ot tvv irdv- 
ra \oyov, ©9 iroXefuo^ eirf /BaaiXJi, ekvaav airriv* 'Ey- 
daxha &7 e^janecDfievo^ inro t&p ^loivmv 6 ^laruuo^, tear 
Sot* TTpoOvfAOD^ OVT09 eireoTeiXe tj5 ^Apurrayoprf wiriara^ 
aOcu euro fitunkeo^, teai kokov rofrovrev elrj "ImvtK e^^p- 
yacfievo^, rrfv fiev yevofkevrjv avroun airlriv ov fidXa 
i^€<fxuv€, 6 Be ekeye cr^i, w ** fia<nXev^ Aapeuy; ifiovXev- 
aarOf iolvuea^ fiiv e^avaarrriaai^, hf ry ^le^vir/ Karouclaaig 

^''Ia>va^ Be ep ry ^otvltctf iou tovto^v etve/ca eirurretSjue** 
OvBev Ti TTcWcD? Tovra fiaa-tXeos /BovXevac^ievov, eBeifAd" 
TOV T0V9 "lofvai^, 

Mera Be 6 ^Iotkuo^ BC ar/yekov woi^ifievo^ *Epfuir- 
vov, dvBpo^ * ArofivetTeMf Tolai ev ScipBurc eovai Ilep- 

15 creW SwefMire fivfiKia^ ^9 irpoKeK^a^vevpLivwv airr^ diro^ 
ardau)^ irept, *0 Be Epfivmro^ wpo^ rov^ fiev dire- 
Trefu^Tf, ov BiBot, j>epmv Be kvexelpme ra I3vj3\la 
*AfTcuf>epvel. *0 Be, §ia6aw dirav ro yipofiej/ov, etceKeve 
TOV "EpfiiTnrcp ra fbev wa>pa rov *I<fruuov Bovpcu fpepoma 

to rourl vep e^epe, ra Be ofMoiPaia ra irapa rS>v IIepcre<oy 
dvrvnepfirop^eva ^laruu^, eavr^ Bovvau Touroiv Be ye- 
vofiep&v <f>avepS>v, diretcrewe eifOavra rroXKox/^ Tlepaetov 
6 ^Apra^pvq^, Hepi SdpBi^ fiev B^ eylvero rapaj(7h 
*Iaruuoif Be, ravn^ diro<r^€CKevra rff^ eKirlBo^, Jiwi 

TBKarriyoP €? Mik'qrov, airov ^lanalov BerfOeirro^. Oi 
Se mCKtifftot^ aaiuvo^ dircCKKjayOetrre^ kcu * Apurrafyopem, 
ciBapw rrpdOvfiU)^ ^aav SXXjop rvpawov BexeaOai e? rrjv 
xd>priv, old re eK^vOeplf)^ yevadfievo^ Ktu Btj, wtcro^ 
yap eowrtf^ filtf erreiparo Kariav 6 'loruuo^; €9 rr)p MiKrf' 

90 rov, nrpwa/cera* rov p/qpov into rev r&v MtXrjalwv. *0 



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OAPTUBlE or MILETOS. 67 

piesr Sii t^ cnroNrro^ r^ ienrrav ylvertu, am-ucvurai onricm 
e? T^ Xiov • epOeOrev ie, ov yap eiretB^ tov9 Xiov^ &cr€ 
ionrr^ iovvai vw, hUfiri €9 Mvrikrivrjv, suu eireure 
Aeafiiotn Savvai ol i^W Oi Se, wXrfpmauvre^ ofCTa 
Tpiripea^, iirXieop ifia *I<mmip 69 Bv^dimov* hfOavrah 
Se i^dfievoh to? €k rov Ileprov etcTrX^ovo'a^ r&v pe&v 
ikofifiavop, 'nTsajp fj &roi airmv *I<rruu4p SifKurav irdifjun 
Svcu, wtureaOau 

*IaTuua^ fuv vxw tcai Mt/riXi^vaM ewoUw tavra. 
*Ewi Se Mikifrov avr^ vavrtt^ ^dXXo^ Koi 9r£^9 ^ lo 
OTparo^ vpocrSoKifio^. Svarpat^evrt^ yap oi arparrfyol 
rvM/ Hepc^oir, kcu tv woiTJtTauTe^ arparoireBov, ifKavtnw 
eai rrjv Mikrfrov, ra aXKa iroXlcfMvra irepl eKaaaovo^ 
troiriaapyevoi * rov he vavr^eov ^oiv^e^ /a€v ffaav vpoOv- 
fMTaroi, avv€<rrparreuevTO Se Koi Kuirpiot, v&mni Kate- 13 
^rrpofLfjimUt icai EJkiice^ re mu AlyvirTU>^ Ol /a€v Stj 
eni T^ MiKrjTov koI rrjv aXKf}v ^Ioi>vir}V icrrpaTmjov* 
Imve^ hi^ irvpBavdftevoi ravra, SirefUfrcof 7rpo/3ov\ov<: 
a^tmv wmSw e? Tlavimviav^ ^Anyeofjiepoun Se rovrotai 
h TOVTOP rov x^P^^ ^ JSovXeuofiepouri, eSo^ we^p ^ei/ 33 
OTpcrrov [ir) avXXeyetv canl^oop Htptrjyn, aXKa ra T€V)(€a 
puea-Oeu avT0V9 MtXtfO'iov^' to Si povrtiiov nrXff^vv^ 
VToXevirofiafov^ firj^fuap r&p pe&p* 7r\rfp(i<rapra^ Se^ 
trvXk^yeaffcu r^ raf(l(TTr\p €9 Ad&rfP, irpQPavp>a')(rfGOPTa^ 
MCKtfrov. 'fl Sc Aa&fi earl pfjax)^ cfUKpff eni r^ rroXi, 
ry MiKrfo-iwp /ceifiepff. JIf era ie ravre^ irevXffpoiftepf^L 
r^ai pTfvai irapfjaop ol "I^pe^ • trifp Se <r^t icai AldKeoip 
A Aeafiop pejxoprcu. ^Ercuraopro Se &S€, To fiep 
irpo9 r^ & el)(pp xepa/^ avroi MiXt^toi, pw ira- 
p^xpfi^poi oySioKOPra. Et^opro Se roxnmp Ilpkrjpee^ ao 



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68 HERODOTOS. 

BvwBetea vfjvai, km Mvovau)$ rptal vrjva-l' Mvovalmv i^ 
Trjloi €tj(pVTO eTrrcucalZ&ca vrfvai* Trjtmv Se et^ovro 
X2oi hearhv vfjwrl' irpo^ Se rovroiai ^EpvOpcuol t€ eracr- 
aovro /ecu $a«a€€v • ^EpvOptuo^ fiev, o/crat v4a^ irape)(p' 

6 fievoi, $Q9#ca6€9 Se rpeU* ^atcaeoov Se eijfpvro Aia^ioi 
vrjvai ifiSofirj/eovra. TeKevrcuoi Be erdaaovro, Ixpvre^ 
TO 7rpo9 e<nrepf}v /eepa^j Sdfuoi, i^TjKovra inpHrL Itcure" 
env Be Tovrewv 6 avfjim-a^ dpidfio^ eyeuero, rpeT^ k<u 
wevrrfKOPra iccu rptsjKoauu rptripe^. Avrtu fiev ^lavoav 

lo^av. TAv Be fifipfiapcov to irXijOo^ t&v ve&v ^aav 
e^OKoauu m Be /ecu avrtu dirifcaro wfw rrjv McKfjaiffv, 
KM 6 7r€{o9 a<f>t iira^ irapfjv, evOavra ol Hepcecov arpa' 
TTfjoif irvOofievoi to irkfjOo^ t&v IoB^dp ve&v, tcaTap" 
pJ>Bqcav fjJfi ou BvvaTol yewovTM inrepl3aXea0M, km 

i6ovT^ ovre TTfv MtKfjTov oloi Te Scoat e^eXelv, /i^ ovk 
€0VTe$ vavKparope^, irpo^ Te Aapelov KivBuveua-OKn kokov 
Tt XajSelv, 

TaSjTa eirtKeydfj^evoi, avXKe^avTe^ t&v ^Idvcov tov? 
TVpawov^, A VTT ^ApioTCuyopeo} fiev tov MtXTjalov 

2a KardKudevTe^ t&v dp^mv S<f>€vyov h MrjBov^, ertJy- 
j(avov Be Tore avarpaTevofievoi eirl ttiv MiKrjrov, 
TovTwv T&v dvBp&v TOW iTopeovTO^ ovyKoXeaavTes, 
eXeydv tr^i ToBe • *' AvBpe^ "Icove^, vvv ti^ vfieonv ev 
TTOirja'a^ ^vtfrm tov /ScunXeo^ oheov* tov^ yap iwirrov 

85 iKooTO^ vfjbecDV TToTuTp-o^ TTeipdaOm airoa^lfyov diro tov 
Xovrrov av/ifJUi')^iKov, Upoia^ofievot Be eirajyeiXxiaOe 
ToBe, »9 irelavvTol Te af(ap^ ovBev Bia t^i/ dnrooTcurw, 
0V06 0*9* 0VT6 Ta Lpa ovTe Ta iota efji/rreTrprjo'eTM, ovoe 
fiuuoTepov l^vai ovBev, fj irporepov et^ov. El Be Tavra 

80 fi^v ov rroiTiaovo'i, ol Be wavrfo^ Bta fJM'^IO^ eKevaovTM, 



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CAPTUBE OF MILETOS. 69 

Toxr; 7raZSa9 acTOfua^ Troirjaofjtep, ra^ Be irapOepov^ avor 
inraarov^ e? Bdfcrpa, scat C09 r^ X^P^^ oXXokri Trctpo' 
^oKTopLev.*^ 01 /t€v S^ iXeyop ravra * r&v Se *Imvwv oi s 
Tvpawoi SUirefm-ov wkto^ ituurro^ e? tow ewimnJ cfoy- 
yeXKofiepc^. 01 Sc "Ivve^, €9 tou9 iicoi airUovro avT(u 
ai a/fyeXuu, ayv»fAoavpff re Biej(peiovTo, xai ov wpoaievro 
Tijv irpoSo<rlf)v * mvrolal re iicaaroi eBosceop fwuvoiat 
ravra rov9 Hepca^ e^a^eXXeaOa^ Tavra fiev www 
lOeo^ anrucofievwv €9 t^ Mtkrjrov r&v Hepcetov eyivero. 
Mera Be, r&v *Iwpo>v cvXKexOevrtut €9 t^ AdBtpf, 
eylvovro a^opal' tcai Si) kov <r^& km oKKo^ riyopowvro. 
Of Be Bii KM 6 ttoKoeif^ OTparfjyo^ A$ovv(no^, Xeytov 
roBe* ***JB7ri (vpov yap cucfi^ e^eTOi fjfuv ra irpriyfuira, i» 
avBpe^ "Icove^, ^ etvtu ekevOepouri tj Bovkoun, km rov- 
TOMT* C09 BpfjirenfO'^ * vvp &v vf^ee^, fj fiep /SovXriaOe 
rckkM'jro^pla^ evBeKeaOa^ ro irapaxpfj^ fA€P irovo^ Vfjuv 
earatj otoi re Be eaea-Oe, uirepfiaTOsjOfiepot rov9 epavriov^, 
elvM ekevOepoi* ei Be fuiKaKiji re xai dra^ip Bui^pV'^ 
aeaOe, ovBe/jklav ^ vfAemv ej(ci> ekirlBa p^ ov Bdceiv vfiea^ 
BiKfjp Tf» paaCKel rff^ diroardaio^. *AX^ e/Jtoi re wei" 
OeaOe, km epm vfiea^ avrov^ eir^rpey^ivre * kcA vpSv eya>, 
6eS>p ra lea pefulprap, viroBeKOfjLM ^ ov avfifu^ea/ rov9 
rroXefuov^, fj cvfAfuayopra^, ^roXXoi/ eKaaacia-ea-Oau*^ tt 
Tavra oKovaavre^ 0! "Impe^ eirirpeirovo'^ a^a^ avrov^ 
Tf» Aiopwrlfp « Be, dpdywp eKaarore eni Kepa^ ra^ pea^, 
Skw^ rola^ epergtn XprjCMro, SieKwXoop iroievfAepoq r^a-i 
VTjiHrl Bi d}sXr}\e(ap, km tou9 einfidra^ oir\i<reie, ro 
Xoivop rfj9 Vf^pV^ 'T^ ^^ ^'^<rfce hr a^KvpefOP * iro- » 



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70 HBR0D0T08. 

/>^e re rouri "Iwri wivw hi tffikpri^. Mexpi, im^p mm 
fjfjLepimv ejrra eirelOovro re /cm eiroicw to KeKev^fievoP * 
T^ Se eni ravri^t, ol "Imve^, ola airaOee^ eovre^ ttoww 
ToiovTtov, reTpvfUvot re roKai^mfHff^l re k(u ^X^> 
6 SXe^av irpo^ eavroif^ rdSe * '* Tlva Batfjtapmv wapa/SoPte^ 
rdSe avairlfAmr\afi€P ; Otnve^ ititpa^popi^ffavTe^, tem etc 
TrXoMfayrev €k tov voov, avBpl ^tdKoel aKcu^ovt, irape^^ 
fiiiHp vea? rpehi hnrpey^iwre^ ^fua^ avrov^ e^ofiep* 'O 
Se, iraptCKja0mv ^f*w, Xufuuverai \vfifpin dvTfie€arour$ ^ 

10 Kcii Sff iroXKcH fjiip iJ^W €5 vowrov^ weirrt&Mun, ttoXX^ 
Be eirlBo^oi ravro rovro irelceaOal eia^ Upo re rov*- 
rcDV rSw xaK&v ^fuv ye repeaaov km S t$ &v aXKo 'jra' 
Oeetv earl, k<u riftf fJbeKXovcrav BovKfttffv vtrofielvtu, fjrui 
&rr(Uf fiaXKov fj r^ wapeovtrrf awexeaOcu, tepere, rov 

16 Xovrrov /^ iretddfieOa avrav,** 

Tadra eKe^p, leai fiera ravra avri/ca treldeoBcu aiSeis 
rjOeXe* oXX', ola arpartrj, mcrpfo^ re irrf^dfiepoi ep r^ 
priatf, ea-tet/vfrpoi^eopro, koc ec^alpeaf owe eO^Xecieop €? ra^ 
vea^, ovS apcmetpaaOai* Madopre^ Se ravra ra jwofiepa 

» €K r&p ^Io9P€»P oe <rrpamtyoh r&p Safiuop, ipOavra Stf trap 
Auueeo^ rov SvKoaApTo^ xeivov^ rov^ wporepop eirepme \o^ 
jov^ 6 AloKff^, KeKevoprwp r&p Uepaemp, Seo/Jtevot <r<^ewp 
&e\iireip r^ ^I^pmp <nffjkfiaf)(lffp « ol Sdfuoi iv, opempre^ 
SfjM fiep eovcav ara^lrjp iroKKfp/ he r&p ^Idwf»p, eheteopro 

tf rov9 'Kiyotf^ « a/ia Se Kare^Mipero <r(f>i elpoA dSuparra ra 
fiaaiKeo^ wprjjfupra {rrrep/3a\€<r&ai • eS re errurrdfiepoit 
m^p 6» KoH TO irap&>p pavrucop tmepficCKolaro rop Aapeiop, 
a\Xo <nf>t irapecrai vepramXtjirtop. Upo^dams &p efn- 
\afiofUPOCi ewel re ra')(f4rra elBop rov^ "Iwpa^ appevfjuepov^ 

wetpoi x/^>if0T0V9, €P KcpSel en-oieSpro nrepvmmjcat ra re ipa 



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CAFTOHB OF MILETOS. 71 

r« <^€T^pa Koi ra Z&o. *0 Se AlaK/fy;, irap orev tov^ 
Xoyov^ €&€KovTo ol Xaiiioi, 7ra^9 /^ ^v SuKoc&vto^ tou 
Alcuceo^ * Tvpavpo^ Se €a)v ^dfjbovj vvo rov MCKriaiov 
Ap^aTar)/Qp€eo wir€<rrdpffro Tqv of^v, xarcmep o^ aXXok 
rfj^ *I(aplrj^ rvpaypoc. 9 

Tore &v hrel hritrXtaov ol folvixe^, ol "Itave^ ama-- 
vfffov KM avTol Ta9 vea9 ein xeptv;, ^ilq Se kcu affxpv 
eylvovro, k4u awdfiuryov aXKrjKour^, to evdevrev ovk €)(c» 
drpe/ceof^ evyypay^cu, o$tiv€^ tS>v Iwpmv €y€vovTO cwBpe^ 
MOMei ti a/faOol Of r^ vavpAyln^ rwurrf ' aXXi^Xov^ yap lo 
Karcun&prai. Aeyoprai Be Sdfuoi epffavrap Kara ra 
^vjKelfiepa irpo^ top Aldxea, d£$pdp>€yoi ra lorla, awo" 
mX&a-ai €K 79J9 To^io^ €9 T7JV SdfMPi vXfiP evScxa ve&v. 
TovreW Be ol Tpi7)pap^o$ irnpefAeuov icak €vav/Mi)(€OP, 
dvfjKOvaTTjO'avre^ rour^ orpaTrtyolin • Koi <r^ to Koaiou 19 
rSj¥ Safimv eBeoxe &a tovto to wpfjy^ ev {miX/p dva 
ypatfiSfiMU irarpidept <^ di^pdct djaOouri yepofievoi^t • 
/MM 60T* ovTi; f] arrjKff ev tq dfyoprf, loop^evok be luu 
Aea/Stm tou9 irpo<rej(id<i <j>€vyovTaSi Ta>uTo erroievv rourk 
Safuour^ * &^ Be kcu ol 7r7<£vve$ t&v ^Io^vwp hrolevp ra » 
aura raCra, TSv Be irapafieipaPTfap ep ry pavfJMj(ip 
vepie^Aricap rprf)(inara XHoi, m anroBeucpvixepoL re epya 
Tui^pflrpa Ktu ovk eOeXoKcucdopre^. IlapeijfpPTO fiep yap, 
&<nFep Ktu wporepop elpeOfj, peaq eKwroPt Ktu eir eKOr 
trrrfi avremp (wBpai reacepoKOpra T^y €urr&p 'KoydBa^fKi 
ewtfiarevoPTtx^. 'Opeopre^ Be tou^ iroXXov^ rav oi//^^- 
X<»P irpoBiBoPTCt^, owe eBucaiexw yepeaOcu Toi<r& K<iKola$ 
aifT&p opMOi' dXKa fier oKlrftav avfMfJLd)(fii>p fAefAoupe^p^epoi^ 
B^exirXiopTe^ €pavpA')(eop, h S t&p iroXefilwf ekopre^ 
v4a^ avxpo^f drreficCkop rS>p a^erepa^p pe&p ra/: irKeHwi^ m 



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72 HEBODOTO& 

€a)VTa)v. UaouTb 0€ twi/ Amvi' aowaroi ^acw ai ve^ tmo 
rp&)fuiTci>v, ovTot Se, co9 eSujfcovro, KaTa<f>vyyavovai irpo^ 
Tqv Mv/cd\f}V. Nea^ fiev Brj avrov raurr) hro/ceiKavre^ 

' fcareTuTTov, ol Se weQ e/cofu^ovro Bia rfj^ fprelpov. ^Ewel 
Se eadPcCKjov 69 T171/ ^E^avqv KOfit^fJi^pov ol Xlot, wkto^ 
re airi^xiaro 69 avrffUi kcu eovrmv r^o'i yinnu^t avroOt 
Oecfioiffopuov • evOavra Hi ol ^E^aioi, ovre TrpooKrjKoore^ 
©9 €tj(€ irepi T&v Xuov, iBovre^ re oTparop €9 t^ X^p^v 

10 ea-IBelSkff/cora, iraff)(y a'<f>ea^ tcaraSo^avre^ etvcu fcXSnrtt^t 
Kal levai, hfi ra9 yuv(Ufca<;, i^fiorjOeov ireufSrjfiel, k€u 
Itcreivop T0V9 Xloxs ' ovrot fiev wv Touwryin Trepien-iTrrov 
Tvyrjau AiovvaiQ^ Se 6 ^toicasv^, hrel re SfiaOe rS>v 
*I<Dva)v ra wprjyfiaTa Bi€<f>0apfi€va, vea^ iktov rpeh t&p 

\B iroXe/uav, airejr\ee h fiev itoKOMV ov/cerCf 6? &£w^ m 
avipcmohmTCU aw rtj aWy ^leavlrf * o & idern^, C09 €^X^» 
errXtoe 69 ^oivifcrjv, Tavkov^ Be evOavra KaraZwa^, km 
j^fiara \a/3o>v iroWd, eirXwe €9 SuceTurjv * 6pp£€Ofi€vo9 
Be epOevrev, XrfCarrfi Karean^Kee, 'EXKrjptop fjtep ovBepo^, 

90 Kap^Bopuop Be kcu Tvparjp&p, 

Ol Be Hepatu eirei re r^ pav/JM^lrf €pIk<dp tow "Impei^, 
T^v MtKrfTOP woXtopKeopre^ ex yfj^ xai OaKao'atf^, kcu 
xmopvaaopre^ ra rei^ea, kcu iraproia^ iJ/rp(apa^ irpoiT^'* 
popre^, cupeovat Kar OKprj^, ixTfp eret cltto t^ anroirrd/- 

26 <r«}9 T^ ^Apurrayopecd • kcu '^pBpawoBiacuno rifp iroXip, 
oxrre trvfji/n-eaeeip to irddo^ r^ XP^^"^P^ ''"^ ^' Mikf}' 
rop jepofiepip. Xpemfievoiai yap ^Apyeiouri ep AeT^j^mai 
wepl (rcoTtjpif)^ t^ 7roXi09 t^ aipereprf^, e)(pr^0ri eirl' 
Koipop ;^<rr^/)«)y to flip €9 avrov^ tov<s ^Apyelov^ 

« ^pop» TTip Be vapepffriKfiP ^XPV^"^ ^ MiSofp-lovi, H 



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CAPTUBE OF MILETOS. 73 

flip vw e? rov^ ^Apyeloin e^pv, eireav Kara roxho yevtO' 
fiai rod Xoyov, rore iivrjadrfaoficu, * ra he Toiai MiXtfcioiai 
ov irckpeowi, ej^/M;cre, ej^et wJe • 

Kal n^rf d^, Mikrjrty kcucS>p iiriijJixP^ ^py^v% 

HoKKoitri d€iirv6v T€ koI ayXaii ^&pa ytvria'ti * ' 

2al d* ^o^ot iroXXoiO-t irddop Pi^^ova-i KOfjJfTtug * 

Ni^ d* ^litnpov AtivfjLtHg SXXotai fUX^tni, 

Tore Sfj ravra rov^ JdCK'qa'lov^ KareXafifiope, Sre ye 
• ap8p€^ fiiv ol ir\€Ov€^ hcreivovTO info r&v HepaicDV 
eovrmv KOfiTirioiiVi ywoLK&i he kcu retcva ev dvSpam-oSoDv lo 
Xtiytp eylvovTO * Ipov Se to eif AiBufioun, 6 vrjos re kcu to 
yprjoTTiptov, cvkfjffevTa eveirlfiirpaTO. Twv S* €i/ t^ Ip^ 
TOirr(p ')(prjfiaTa}V iroWoKi^ p,vrip/qv €T€p<o0^ tov Xoyov 
e7roif)<TafJuijv, 

EvOevTep ol ^toyprfOevre^ t&v MiXtjo'Iwv rjyovTO €? id 
Sovaa, BaaiXev^ Se a^a^ Aapelo^i, kcucov ovSev SXKjo 
nnHT^iK, KOTOucure eiri Ty *Epv0pr) KcCKeofievtf OaXac 
<rif, €P "Ap/TTT) ttoKl, trap tjv Tlypr}^ woTafio^ irapap- 
pet^v, h Ottkaaaav e^ieu T^ Se MCKriaiq^ X^P^ 
(WToi ftev ol Ilepacu el^op tcl irepl ttjp iroKuf kcu to ttc- ao 
iloPf Ta he xnrepcucpia eSoaap Kapai IIrihaaev<n eKrf^ 
aOcu. HaOovai he Tavra MvXrjalourt wpo^ nepa-eatp, 
ovK direhoa'ap rffp ofiolrjp Sv^aplTat, <ft Adop Te kcu 
SKiSpop oixeop, T^ woKio^ aireaTeprjfiepot. Sv/3dpio^ 
yap dKov<rf)^ iiro KpoTo>PLrjTe(DP, MiX-qatoi irdpTe^ V^V ^ 
Sop aweKelpcuno Ta^ KetfiaXa'i, kou irepdo<; fieya irpoeOr^ 
KOPTO' TToTue^ yap avrai fuxKurra hrj t&p t/fiel'i Ihfiep, 
aXKi^Xyct e^eiPtoOrfaap, Ovhep 6fiol(o<: kcu ^AOrjvcuou 
ABrpfcuoi fiep yap hfjKop eTrolrjaca/ xnrepa'xfSeaBePTef: t^ 
MiX;^ov aXaxrei, Ty Te aXKri TroXKa^, koI hq kcu irot^- ap 
7 



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74 HEKODOTOS. 

acarn fpwi)(ip Spafia MiXrjrou SKodo-ip, kcu hiSd^avr$, 
69 BaKpvd re eirece to Oerjrpov, kcu e^rj/iioxrav fuv, »v 
avafivriaavra oucrfia Kcuca, %CKirfai, Bpaj^fi^i* fuu eirera" 
(av firiKeri p/ijSepa j(paaO(u rourif tjJ SpofLori. 



IL SUBJECTION OF THE OTHER lONIANa 
(Erato VI. 31-33. B. C. 493.) 

s *0 Be vavTucb^ arparo^ 6 Ilepa-ewv, yeipLepla'a^ irepi 
Mikfjrov, T^ SevT€Jo^ erei m opeirXtDae, aipeei einreria*^ 
ra^ PTjcov^ TO? 'irpo^ ry ^eiptp Ketfjuepo^, Xiov kcu Ae- 
<rl3ov KCU Tiveiov. "OKoy; Be \afioi rtva t&v vqtrtov, »9 
CKcurrrjv alpeovre^ ol jSapjSapoi, eacLyrivevov rov^ avOpw 

10 7roi;9. ScLyrjvevovtTi Be TovBe rov rpoirov, Avfjp avBpo^ 
dy^afievo^ t^ X€*po9, ex OcCKaaarj^ rrfi /Soprftrf^ eirl rrfi/ 
vorlriv BiriKovo'tt kcu eiretra Bia ird^rq^ rryi vqaov BUpj(pv^ 
rcu exOffpevovre^ rov^ avOpanrov^, Aipeov Be kcu ra? ev 
ry Tfirelpfp ttoKuv; to? ^IdBa^ Kara ra avrd' w\^v ovk 

16 eaarffivevov tou9 dvOpdvov^ • ov yap old t' rjv, *Ev0av' 
ra Ilepaewv ol arparrfyo), ovk ey^^aavro ra^ direiXafi 
TO? emfireiKtiaav Tour$ "Itoc^ (rrparoTreBevofievouri epaih- 

rui aifyuri, 

Tavrd re B^ erroleuv, kcu to? ird\ui^ eveTri/Jvn-pa-- 

» aav avTotci, rolm Ipouri. OirrcD Be to rpirov "Icove^ 
KareBovkdOfjaav • nrpSnov fiev vtto AvB&v, Bl<: Be en-e^fj^ 
Tore VTTO Tlepceiav, Airo Be Icuvt/ri^ awaXKcurcofie'' 
W)9 o paxrruco^ arparo^, ra err apurrepa eairXeovrt rov 
JisWrfrnrovTov cupee wopra • ra yap ejrt oe^ta cwro^ 



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SUBJECTION OF THE OTHER lONIANS. 75 

<r$ TouTi IIep<rpa'$ tmoyelpui fjv yeyovora kot rpreipop. 
Elai Be hf T^ Euptoirrf euSe rod BiWrfowoprov • Xepaa* 
ptfcd^ re, €P Ty irokie^ cvyyai, eveuri, tccu IleptvOo^, km 
TO rei'xea ra hri Bprjjttai^, kcu Srpi^v/Splrj re, kcu Bv^dv 
Tiov. Bv^oamoi fUv vw, kcu ol 'jreprjBev XaXKrjBdvioi, d 
ouS' xnripLeLvav enriirXeoma^ TOts foiPMa^, a}jC ol')(pino 
airoKvirovr^^ t^j' c^erepviv Saco €9 roy Et/^ecvov irovrov 
KCU h/Oavra woKiv MeaafifiplTjv ct/e^ap. Oi he tolviKe^ 
KaraKauaavre^ raura^ ra^ 'Xjiypa^ ra^ KaTaXey(0eiaa^, 
rpchrovrai eirl re IIpoKOPprfaop, xai ApTOKfjp irvpl Se kcu 10 
ravTOii pelfuurre^ en-Xmop avrt^ h t^p Xepa-optfaop, e^cu- 
prfiopte^ Ta9 eiriKolirov^ rSof nrekUwi oa-a^ irpirepop 
wpo<ry(ppre^ ov Kareavpap. *Bhi Se Kv^ucqp ovSe en-Xfl»- 
cap apyrflf * auroi yap Kv^tKtfPoi ert irporepop tov iowi' 
Ktop eairXov eyeyopeaop inro fic^aiKei, Olfiapei r^ Meyo- is 
fid^ov 6fU)\oy7i<raPTe^, r^ ep Aa^TKvKeifp iirdp}((^. T179 
& Xepaopr^aov^ irXaiP KapSli^ 9ro\i09> roi aXKxK vdam 
kjfUpdHTCurro ol folptKe^, 



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•HPO A OTOS. 

EXPEDITION OF MARDONIOS. 
(Ehato VL 42-45. R C. 492.) 



Em Kara ro ero^ rovro he r&v nepcewv ovSiv em 
irXiov iyevero tovtc^v €9 v€iko^ <f>€pov Icaav, aXKa 
rdSe fi€P jfpria-ifui icapra rolai, "Imtn eyevero rov^ 
Tov rov er€09. Afyra^epvrj^ 6 SapSuov vTrap^o^, fAera" 

6 9re/i^ra/A€i/o9 a/yyekov^ ifc r&v iroTu&v, cvpOt^ko^ aipla-t 
ainow^ tov^ "Icopa^ ^vofy/ccure 7roUecr0ai, tva Soa-lSucot 
elep, Koi, fiTi dXXriXov^ if>€poi€v re koI a^oiev. Tav^ 
rd T€ fivd^Koae Troteeip, xal ra^ X^P^^ a'<f>€c^v iterpr^aa^ 
Kara irapaaarf/a^f TOv<i KciKeova-i oi nipa-cu ra rpcrj^ 

10 Kovra ardSia • Kara Sij rovrov^ fierprja-a^, (f>dpov^ era^ 
€KdarouTi^ di Kara x^PV^ ButreXeova-t expvre^ €k rov-' 
rov rov ;(poiw aUi ert kcu h efie, m erd'^Orjaav 
ef Apraqyepveo^ • eraffirjaav oe ayeoov Kara ra avra 
ra Koi m-porepov Axpv, Kal <r^i ravra piv elprjvcua 

16 tjp. AfJM he r^ eapi, r&v oXXodp KorakeKvpivtav <rrpa- 
rfiyStp he /SaaiKeo^, MofiBovio^ 6 T^ofipvea Kare/Beupe 
eir\ OaXa^nrav, arparop rroXXop p^p Kapra we^p apa 
dydpspo^, rroXXjop Sc vavrucop * ^Xuclfjp re peo^ etip, kcu 



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EXPEDITION OF MABDONIOS. 77 

p &»( rrl yeyafjt^KO)^ ficuriXeo^ Aapelov Ovyarepa Aprafyi)- 
crpfjv. Aywv he top oTparov tovtov o MapSovio^, €7re* 
re eyeVero ev r^ KCKucirf, aino^ fiev emfia^ eirl V€o^, 
hcofii^ero S^ia rya aXK/iyr^ vrpjci, oTpari^rjv Se Tqv T-e^^ 
SXKoi TjyefjLove; riyov cttI tov *EXKri<nrovrov, 6 

*£1^ he irapairkeoav rqv ^Aaifiv dirlfcero 6 Maphopio^ 
€9 rrjv *I<ovir}v, evOavra fieyurrov 0{ovfjLa epeco touti fj/rj 
anroheicoii,€voun ^EXXrfvwVf Hepcree^v roun enra 'Oro- 
vea ypwfi/rpf cmohe^curOcu w j(pe6v ei/q hfffioKpareea'Ocu 
Hepaa/i • tow yoLp rvpdwotx; r&v *Io>vfmf Kcnamavawi lo 
nravTWi o Maphdvto^, hr^fio/cpaTla^ tcarlcra 69 Ta9 ifoKlo^, 
Tavra he woirja-a^, ffire^ero h rov 'E7sXri(nrovTov, 
*i29 Se tnwekeyjSfi fiev XPVM^ woXXJov ve&v, avp€Xe)($ff 
he /ecu ve^ iroTOCb^ arparo^, hiafiavre^ r^ai VTfval rov 
EXkqoirovTOVt enropevovro hut rrj^ Evpwtrrj^ • eiropevovro i^ 
^6 cTTi re ^Eprrpuw kcu ^ABrfpa^. Avtcu fiep &p a^i, 
wpo<rx;rffia ffo-av rov aroXov. ^Ardp, €P potp e^ppre^ oca^ 
av TfKeUrra^ hvptupro Kar<urrpe<f>€a'6<u r&p *E\Xr}plSo>p 
iroXwp, rovTO fiep S^, r^a-i, prjvai Baalov^, ovhe x^Ipo? 
avraecpafiepov^f Karaarpe^can'O' tovto he r^ ire^^^ 
Mwcehopiv:, tt/w rotat xmap^oyai^ hovXotf^ irpocre/cTri 
acurro* ra yap epro^ Maxehopwp eOpea iropra <r^t ^p 
^Si; viroyelpia y&yopora. *Ek fiev hij Bdaov htajSa- 
Xain"€9 frepr}p, xnro rfjp tjireipop €KOfj,l^oPTo fiexpt ^A/cdp- 
0av * he he *Atcdp0ou opfiewfiepoh top "ABwp irepie- as 
fietXXop, ^EiriTreaap he c^i, irepvirXAowTi fiopfj^ opefio^ 
pUya^ re /ecu uTropo^, tcdpra Tprp^ecD^ vepieawe wXriOel 
voWa^ T&p pe&p, eK^oKXojp wpo^ top "AOc^p. Aeyercu 
yap Kara Tpi/qKocia^ fiep t&p peS>p tcu^ huufyOapeura^ 

ilpa4, xnrep he hvo fjtvpuiha^ opOpdmtiDP. "HoTe yapao 

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78 HERODOTOS. 

Ofipuoiearamf^ eovarfi t^ 0a\aa<rff^ raurri^ rip wepi row 
"AOioPt oi fA€P VTTO Twv Offpuov iic^elpovTO dpTra^o/MPO^ * 
oi Be, 7r/>09 Toi irerpa^ apaaciixevoi * ol & axnSw vd' 
eiv oif/e en-urrtaro, tccu Kara rovro Bi€<l>0eipovro * 6i Se, 

B plyeL 

*0 fiep Sf) pavruco^ oTparo^ ovrm eitfyqcrae. MapBo^ 
vi^ Be, KOi rw rre^i^ {TTparonreSevofiewp ev McuceSovl'p, w 
«rro9 Bpvjot BprfiK&; efrex^lpffa-av • koI <r<f>eofP voXKoif^ 
^>o»e6auat cX Bpvyoh MapBovLov Be ainov rptifffjui/ri^ovau 

10 Ov pirrok ov& auroi BovKornvrpf Bi&f>vyov wpo^ Hepcefop • 
ov yatp Bfq rrporepov avapearr) €k rmp j({»p€€OP rovnritap 
Mof^Pio^^ irpip fj v^ea^ inroyeiplov^ hrotr^aaron Toia- 
rov9 fkeproi Karaarpe^dfiepo^, aTrliye Tqp (rrpan^p oirla^, 
are r^ Trei^^ re irpoarrraiaa^i rrpo^ tou9 Bpvyov^, /ecu r^ 

16 povTiK^ fJteyoKc^ wepH "AOoup, Ovro^ fiep pvp 6 croKo^ 
aury(p&^ dyciwia-ap,€Po^, arra'KKaf)(Qri €9 ripf ^AairfP, 



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•HPO A OTOS. 

FIRST PERSIAN WAR. 



L EMBASSY SENT BY DARIUS TO GREECE- 
^^ (Erato VL 48-51. B. C. 491.) 

Mera Se toSto, cmeireipaTO 6 Aapeio^ t&p EKK-rfimv 
6 Ti €v vwp exptev, Korepa irokefieetv etavr^, ^ trapaZiZo- 
vol a^ia^ avrov^, AierrcfiTre &v /ctjpvKa^, SXKov^ aXKi] 
Tafa9, dva rrjv *E\XdBa, xeXeuwv alreeuf ^curiKeV yfjv 
T€ Koi i8(op. TovTov^ fi€v Stf 69 TTJv 'EXKoSa eiTqMm'e • • 
aXXou? Sc teripvKa^ SUirefJuire e? to? ecDvrov Saa'fju)<l>6pov^ 
irtiXia^ Ta9 irapaJdoKcuTfriov^, xeXevtov v4a^ re fuucpa^ letu 
I'mrayayya irXoia iroUeo'Oau Ovrot, re Sr^ irapecKeva- 
^opTo ravra* kclI Tolai rj/couai €9 ti;i/ *EXKa5a icripv^t 
iroWol fikv ffirupwrdtov iSlBoa-av ra wpot<r)(€TO aUritav o lo. 
Uepar)^, Trainee Se oi vrja-iSncu, €9 toi;9 afrtfcolaro ^ 
atT7j<7oirr69. \0i T€ Bfj dXXoi vrjai^Sncu SiBova'c yrjv re xal 
vBayp Aapelfp, icai Srj kcu Aiyivfjra^ IIoir]a'a<n Be a<f>t 
ravra lOcod^ *A0r)va2ob eircKeaTO, Bo/ceovre^ eiri ai^lai 
e)(pVTa^ T0i;9 Ai/yLvriTa^ BeBwfcevcu, ©9 a/ia toJ Hiparf etri 16 
cr<f>€a^ arpareuoivrcw kcu aafievoi^ irpo^aaio^ eireKi" 



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80 HERODOTOS. 

/Soirro, <f>otT€ovr€^ re h rr^v STrdprfjv /earrjyopeop t&b 
Air/LV7jTe(0V ra ireirotriKoiev irpoSovre^ rr}v 'BXKaZcu 
' Upo? ravTffv Be r^v Karrfjoplrjv KXeofian^ 6 ^Avafav- 
SpiSeoD, /Saaikev^ ecDv ^TrapTLrjreaDV, Sce/Sfj e? Ai,ytvau, 
6 ^ou\ofJi£vo^ avXKa^elv AhytvijTeoDV tou9 alruoTarois^ 
H^ Be eiretpai-o arvWafi/Savayv, aXXoi re Siy avr^ eyivovro 
avT^^ooi Ttov AiyivrjTe(av, ev be or) kcu Kpw^ o lloKuKpi" 
Tov fuikiara • &^ " ov/c, afrrj, airrov ovBeva a^etp j(alpov- 
ra Aiyiv7ire<oi/ ' avev yap fuv Siraprifjretop rov leoivov 

10 rroikeiv ravra, vjr ^Affrjifalav avayvmaBevra XPVH'^^^ ' 
afjM yap av fup r^ ereptp /SoiTLket ekOovra avKKafi/Sd- 
veiv,^* EXeye Be ravra ef einarokf}^ rrj^ Arj/xaprjrov, 
KXeo/iem}^ Be, direXai/vofievo^ ex t^ Ai^ylvrj^^ eipero rov 
Kplov ri ov etfj ro ovvofia ' o oe ro eov €^>paae ot, O 

16 Be Kk/eofievrj^ wpHx; avrov etfyq • " ''HBr^ vvv xaraxaXxov, 
& Kpie, ra /cepea, w amfOurdfieiH)^ fieydXtp Koxi^^ ^Ev 
Be rji Xrraprri rovrov rov j(pdvov inrofievtov Arjfuiprjro^ 
6 Apurrwvo^ BtefiaXKe rov KXeofievea, eayv fiaaiXeif^ Koi 
o5t09 S'Taprirjrecov, olKtrf^ Be rrj<: {rrroBeearepff^ ' icar 

90 oXXo pxv ovSev viroBeeaTepi^, aire yap rov avrov yeyd^ 
vacTi* Kara vpeafivyeveUjv Be /md9 reTififrfrtu iiSlSXov ^ M> 
Evpva-Oeveo^n y 



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EXPEDITION OF BATIS AND ABTAPHEBNES. 81 



a. EXPEDITION OF DATIS AND ARTA- 
PHERNES AGAINST ERETMA. (Erato 
VX 94-101. 8.0.490.) 

Ay ^AOrp/eUotai fiiv S^ iro\€/io^ avmprro irpo^ Alyivrfra^. 
O 8e Ueptrri^ to iwvrov erroiee, cScrre avafUfAvrjaxovro^ 
re cu€i Tov Oepairovro^, fjuefivrjirOtu /uy r&v ^AOrivaltDV, 
leai HeuTi/TTpariZkwv trpoo-KaTijfjtevtov, kcu BiafiaTsXovrwv 
AOfjvalov^ * ifjM Si fiovXofievo^ 6 Aapelo^, ravrri^ ^ofie^ 6 
W)9 T^ vpoifxio'io^, KaTa<rrp€<f>€a'0a$ r^ *JSJXXaSo9 tou9 
fiTf SdvTO^ avT^ yfjp t€ km iSaop, MapSoviop fjiep St}^ 
^Xavpat^ 'rrprj^yra r^ trroktp, trapcCKvu rfj^ arpari^ylff^ • 
aX\oi;9 Be (rrpOTTfyov^ cnroBe^m, aireareCKe hrl tc ^Epe- 
rpuiv KCU ^AOrp/a^, Aarlv re, eoWa MffSov yevo^, kcu lo 
Aprcuf>€pv€a tov ^Apra^pveo^ TratSo, aB€\<f>i&€ov ewurov *. 
hneCkdp,evo<i he airerre/jm'e, e^avSpairoSlaavrct^ ^AOrfvcn^ 
KCU Eperpiav, ayeiv icovr^ cv S^iv ra avSpdiroBcu 

'/29 Be oi oTpaTTjyot ovroi ol airoBe^Oevre^, iropevofievoL 
irapa ficurtXeo^, atrlKovro rfy; KiXikItj^ €9 to ^AXtjIov 16 
ireBiov, &fia ayofievot ttc^p arparov iroXKov re kcu ev 
ecKevcuTfieuov, evOavra arpannreBevo/Jievoiai enrfkOe fiep 6 . 
vavTiKO^ 7ra9 arparo^ 6 evna'^Bet^ eKcurrourf Trapeyevov" 
TO Be KCU cu hnraytoyol veeSi Tivi tS> TrpoTeptp erei irpoehre 
TolfTL etovTOv Baafio<f>opoun^ Aapelo^ eroi/jui^eiv, ^Ea^a- » 
\ofjL€voi Be Tov<! tmrov^ h TavTa<!, koI top irel^op oTparov 
eaffificurcurre^ e? ra^ pea^;, errXeop e^cucoa-lr^ari TptTjpea-^ 
e? TTjp ^IcdPiTfv, *Ep0€vt€p Be oi irapa Tr)p fiireipop el)(pp 
Ta9 vea<; Idv tov re * EWrjawoPTOV kcu ttJ? 0pr)iKfj^ • 
aXV €K SfifJMV 6p/ji€(Ofxepot, irapd t€ ^iKopiOP kclL Bml^ 



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82 HER0D0T08. 

vr^aoiv rov irXoov eirotevvro • m fJ^ €fjLOi Sok€€IP, Seicath' 
re? fjuikttrra top 'rr€pifrXoQP rov "Ada, art tjJ irporepxp 
rrel Troteufiepot toutj tt)p KOfuSrjip, fjueydXtD^ irpoaeimw 
trap • 7r/>09 Se, kcu vj Nd^oq a^$as V^iKjf'^'^$ vrpdrepov 

B ovK oKovaa, ^Eirei Be, €k tov ^Ixapiov ireXdyeoq 
frpoa-ifyepo/Aepoi, irpoaifufap t^ Nti^, (eni ravnyp yap 
Brf wpfirffP etrel-xop frrpartm^Oiu d IlipaiUt fj^PTffJK- 
poi T&p Trporepopy) oi Nd^tot iTfm ra ovpea ol')(Qpro 
^eujopreq, ovSe inrifieufap, 01 Se Ilipcra^ dvBpairoSi' 
H .' i<> adficpoL Tovq KareKajSov avrw, eperrpffceuf tcai ra ipa 
K€u rifp iroKiP' raxha Sk iroiriaaPTeq, eirl T09 SXKaq 
vi^ovq dpdr/oPTO. 

*Ep ^ Si ovrot ravra eirolet/p, oi AriKtoi^ hcKvfropre^ 
K(u auroi t^v AfjKjop, otj(pP70 i^evyopreq 6v Trjpop. Tijq 

U 5e oTparvfj^ Kara'TrKeovary;, 6 Aarni irpOTr\d>aa^, ovk ea 
ra/i peas; irpo^ rrfp pfjaop irpoa-opfAl^etrdeu, dXka irepf}p ep 
r^ *Pfjpeff * auToq Se, irvdofiepoq ipa ffcav ol AriXioi, 
iripLir^p KT^pvKOf fiyopeve a^ rdSe • f* "ApSpeq ipol, ri 
^evyoPTcq olx^aOe, ovk etrvnfiea KaTorpopr^ Kar efiev ; 

io*Eya> yap kcu avro9 erri roovvro ye il>popw, kcu fio^ 
he ficuriKeoq &Se eirearaXrcu' cp ^ X^py ci, Svo 0€oi 
eyepopTO, ravrrjp fJujBep aufeadai, pJi^e avri/p rifp x^F^^» 
fiTfre T0V9 ovKTfropai^ ainffi. Nvp &p kcu cprnre errl ra 
vfjuerepa avr&p, kcu ttjp ptjaop pefjtetrde.^* Tavra pip 

86 eireKTipvKevaaro rota ArjKlouTL • pLcra he, XifiavunoS 
TpiffKoaia ToKapra Karapr^cPi hr\ rov fiafiov eOvfiUjae 
Aariq p,€P Brj ravra iroitiaa^, eirXee i/ui r^J <rrpar^ en-l 
rrjp ^Eperpuip irpwra, ap/i d/fofi€Poq kcu "Itipa^ kcu 
AioXea^. Merit Be rovrop epOevrep €^ava)(0€Pra, AijXoq 

)o emprfdri, inq eKeyop ol AriKtoi, kcu irpSna kcu tarara 



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EXPEDITION OF DATIS AND ABTAPHERNES. 83 

9ki)(pi e/ieS aeurOeuTO. Em tovto fuv kov repa^ avBpa^ 
woun rS}v fieXXovrwv ea-ecrOoh tcaK&v eifyr/ve 6 Beo^, Eirl 
yap Ampuov rod ^Ttrrcunreo^, tccu Uep^ea rod Aetpelov, 
' tctu ^ApT4x^ip^fo Tov Bep^o), TpiS)v Tovrecav eire^ 
y€P€m»v, eyevero 'rrXea Kcuca r^ ^EXKaii, ^ eiri eltcoat 6 
aXXa9 yevea^ to^ irpo Aapelov yevofieva^* ra fiev, 
airo Totv Hepaeoiv avrrj yepop^evcL, ra Be, air axn&v 
T&v Kopv^OMov, irepX rfj<; cipxl^ TroXefieovrcop, Ovrto 
oifSaf ^ deuces KwriBrjvai AfiKov^ to Trpiv eowav 
oicangTOP, KoL ev j(pt)afi^ ^v yeypap^p^ivov 'jrepl ov- ^ 

Kanftrti koX ArjXov, aKiinjT6v irtp iovfrop. 

Avparai he Kara *EXKa&a yX&aaav ravra ra owofuvra 
Aap€io99 ip^iv^' Bep^^, ap^t09' ^Apra^ep^^, fieya^ 
apriio^. TovTOV^ fiev Bfi to^ fiaaiXea^ &8e &tf op6w^ i^ 
Kara yX&ao'av rffv <r<f>€TepfiP "EXKijve; KoK^otev, 

Ot Si fiapfiapoh w airrjpav €k rff^ AtjKjqv, irpoaUr^ov 
wpo^ ra^ VT\aov^ ' €p0€vt€p Be oTpaTiTjv re TrapeXdfipa- 
vop, Kol ofATipov^ T&v vija-uiDTewv 'rnuBa^ €\dpfiaw>v, *I2<; 
Be, wepnrXeovre^ T09 prjaov^, wpoaia^ov KCii e? Kdpv «> 
^rov, (ov yap Bri a<f>i ol KapvcTioi oirre ofi-qpov^ iBlBoaap, 
cvre €<l>aaa^ iirX 9roXi9 aarvyurova^ arpareveaOcu, Xeyov- 
T€? 'Epirpiav T€ Kol *A0rp;a^,^ ei/Oavra rovrov^ erroXiop- 
tcedv T€ Kcu T7IV yfjv a^itov exeipop, €9 S koI ol Kap^trrioi 
m'apeanriaav €9 t&v Tlepaenav rifv yvtop/fjv. ^Eperptee^ Be, 23 
'rrw&cwdfievoi rrfv oTpari/qv ttjv IlepctKrjv ewl <r<f>4a^ em," 
wXeowrav, AOrfvcuoav eBeqOTfcav a<f>lai fior}Oov<: yeviadau 
A0ffva2ot Be ovk atretmaino rrjp errucovplrjp, dXKa rou9 
T€7paKur)(CKiov^ K\ripo\r)(eovTa^ rwv lirrrofiorecav XaXxi- 
Beofv npf x^PV^> rovrov^ tr^i BiBovai rt/juopov^. T&v Be y) 



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84 HKBODOTOe. 

Eperpieonf ^v apa ovSev ijte^ PovKevyM* A ikervir^y^ 
innno fiep *A0ffPcUots, €if>pdv€ov Se SufMo-ia^ lBia/9. Oi 
fiep yap avrSav efiovXevovro exXi'rretv rt/v nroKiv h ra 
cucpa rrj^ Evfiolrj^ • oKXoi Be avr&p, tBia ickphea Trpoarie- 

6 KOfiepoi irapa rov Tl4pfT€€0 olceaOiu, irpoBoaifjv eaKewp- 
l^vro. MaOiiv 8e rovriov ixarepa w eZ^c ^Mrp^/i/179 o 
No0(iovo<;, eoiv r&v ^EperpUwv ra wp&ra, ^pd^i rouri 
TJKoviTi T&v *AOrivaU>v iravra ra Trapeovra a<^i Wfwjy/Ao- 
ra' irpotr^ero re aircLkXdca^cOcU ciftea^ ey t^ o-^e- 

forepfjv, Ufa fji/ff irpocairohjovra^ Ol he *A0ffva2oi ravra 
Aia')(ivrf av/jLfiovXevirajrrt irelBovrai* xai outol fiev &a- 
fidine^ €9 ^ilpwirov, ecto^ov aipea^ airrov^. Ol 8e Ilepaai 
'rrXiovre^ /careaxov ra^ via^ rf/q ^Eperpucfj^ X^P^ Korra 
Tafwva^ K(u Xoipea^ /cai AlyiKia, Karaaj(OPTe^ Be 

iSTavra ra %a>/>ui» airruca wtttow re e^efiaXKovro, teal 
irapeaK€vafyvro C09 irpo<rourdfi€tfoi rdio'i e)(dpota'^, 0\ 

'^ Be ^Eperptee^ eire^'K0elv p,€v mu fui^eaBat ovk eiroieupro 
fiovXrfv • el k<o^ Se BuuffvKa^cuev ra reiyea, rovrov a^i 
efieXe vepi, errel re evlxa fiif hcKvirelv rriv iroXuf* IIpoc 

»fio\^ Be yivofAon)^ Koprreptfi irp6<i ro retx^* ^Trnrrop 
eni 2f fipipa^ iroKKoi piev dpxfxyrepwv* t§ Be efiBopfp 
Ev<f>opl3d^ re 6 * AX/up^i/xpv, kcU iiKapyo^ o Kweov, w* 
Bpe^ T&v aaT&p Bdieip^t, TTpoBtBowri roiat HepfTrjiri^ Ot 
Be, iaeXOovre^ €9 rrp/ wokiv, roino piv^ ra Ipa avXr^av* 
36 T€9 eyeirprja-ap, dnrortwvp.€voi r&v ev XapBuri KaraxavOkv* 
rtop lpS>v* rovro Be, tov9 dvBpiirov^ ^vBpanroBlaavrOf 
Kara ra^ Aapeiov hrroXtk. 



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BATTLE OF MABATHON. ,. ^/ 85 

HL BATTLE OF MARATHON.^ (Erato VL 
102-120. SiPT., B. C. 490.) 

Xetpwrdfievoi Be rrpf ^Eperpuof, /ecu eirurxpvrt^ oklr 
«ya9 rifjJpa^t SttXcov e? rrjv ^Amtcrjv, Karipyovre^ re ttoX- 
\ov, Kcu SoiciovTe^ ravra tow *A0fjvalov^ troirja'tip ra . 
Ktu roxr: ^Eperpiea^ hroli}<Tav. Kcu ^v yap 6 MapaOoiv \ 
eiriTrfiewraTov j(o»piov rfj^ *Amief]^ epcjnrwacu, tetH ft 
a/fX,(yrdT(» rrj^ ^Eperplrj^, €9 rovrd a^h Karrjyiero ^Imrlfj^ 
6 neururrparew. *A0rjvcuoi he, m hrvffovro ravra, 
ifiorfOeov kcu axnoi h rov Ma^aO&vct. Hyop Be atf>ea^ 
crparffyoi heica* r&v 6 Sexajo^ fjv MCKruHSnFi^, rov tvv 
irarepa Klfuova, rov Srffaaydpe<», xareKafie ifwyeuf ef lo 
^AOfipee^p Heurlcrparov rov *ImroKpareo^. Kcu avrm 
^eiyovrt oKvfim-uiSa dveKeaOou reOpimrfp awe^' kcu 
ravrrjv fiep rrjv vucrjv aveXdfjLevdv fiiv, rmvro e^veiKcujOcu 
T^ ofMfjurirpup dSeyjf^e^ M^ridBrf. Mera Be, rfj ifcreprj 
oKvfJtwuiBi rrfat avryai vmrouri vuc&v, vapaSiBol Tietai- i* 
atpdrtp avcocripxrxJSrjvcu • kcu Tqv vucrjv irapeh rovrtp, 
KarfjkBe hri ra etovrov v7r6<nrovBo^, Kal fuv dveXd/i^ 
vov r^tri avr^ai nmroun aXKffv okup/maBa KoreXafie 
diroOavelv inro r&v Heujurrpdrov ircuBo^v, ovKert irepie- 
dvro^ avrov Heiaurrpdrov • Krelvovai Sc dmol fiiv Kara » 
ro Trpvravriiov, wkto^ inrelfravre^ avBpa^. TeOawrai, 
Be KlfMov irpo rov dareo^, ireprjv rrj^ Bca KoiKtf^ Kokeo* 
fievrpi oBov' Karavriov B avrov cu vmroi, re0cuf>arai 
avrcu, at rpeU oXvfnrtoBa^ aveXofJuevcu, E7roifj<rav Be 
KCU aXkcu twirok rjBfj ro)vro rovro, Evaydpew Adxo^vo^ • 96 
irXeo) Be rovreoDV, ovBafiaL 'O fAev Brj irpearpvrepo^ r&v 
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86 HEBODOTOS. 

vatSmf r^ KlfMV^ STtfaa/yofyrf^ fpf rfipucavra wapa r^ < 

varptp MtXruiSvf rpe^fuvo^ ip r^ Xepcovrtatj^ • 6 Si 
pewrepo^ wop* ain^ KifUiv^ hf ^ABrpfffci, rovvo/m ejffov 
anro rov oUurrecif Ttj^ Xepaovf^aov MiXruiBew, MCKrui" 

6 $99. OvT09 S^ &v Tore o MtKruiSfi^, iJkwp he r^ Xep- 
aavifTov, tcai &c7re<p€vyw^ BvirKoov Ocbarov, iarparriyee 
^AdffpaMV, ^AfAa fuif yap oi ioivuce^ airov ol emBid- 
^avre^ fi^iXP* "If^pov irepX vciXXov eirotevpro Xa/Sew re ^ 
/caH otHMyayeiif irctpa fiaa^kia, ofMi Bi hc^vyoma re rov* 

10 rov^ff Koi oftriMoiieifov e? rrpf mtrrov hoiciovra re etptu er 
awTfipljf, l]Sff TO eifOeSrof fup oi e^Opoi viroSe^dfLevoi, 
Koi vvi huuurrfipiov ainov cpyayovre^, ehUn^v rvpcu^ 
viBo^ rfj^ €v Xeptrovrfafp^ ^AiroAvywp Be kcu rovrov^t 
trrparnfyo^ oir<o *AOrjpalwp d'n'eBtj(jSrf, aipedei^ inro rov ^ 

Keu irpSna fUp, eopre^ eri ep r^ Surrei oi arparffyolp 
am'oire/jm'ovai e9 Sirdprtjp Kr^pvKa feiBiTnriBrjp, A$f)patop 
flip opSpa, aXXo>9 Be ^fiepoBpofiop re kcu rovro fieXe- 
rSjvrcu T^ 84 w ovrcfc re Ikeje ^eiBnnrlBrj^ Koi 

^* AOripaiouTi cmrff^eKKjef irepi ro IlapOepiop ovpo^, ro 
\nrep T^yei^^t o Hap irepiirlirrei,. Bdaopra Be ro ovpofia 
rov 4^€iBp7nriB€(o top Ilapa, Adripaioiai KeXevca^ away' 
yeiKok, Bwri eavrov ouBefuap emfieXeuip troievprai, iopro^ . 
evvov *Adf}paioKri, luu TrdSXa/xri yepofiepov i^Brf atrial 

S5 ^(pfja'lfjLov, ra B ert icai, eaofiepov. Kcu ravra fiep 
*A07jpaloh tcaraardpTtop (Tf^uri, eJ ^&7 r&v Trprjyfidrayv, 
tnarevcaPT&i eluai dKrjOea, IBpvaapro vrro r^ aKporroki j 

Ilapo^ ipov, /ecu avTOP airo ravrrj^ rrj^ ayyeXirj^ Ovairjat 
eirerelffo'^ koI XafiirdBi CKacKOprai, Tore Be irep^dei^ 

» %nfo rip arparify&p 6 ^evBtmriBry; ovro^, Sre wep ol e^ 



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BATTLE OF MARATHON. 87 

SOU TOP Ilava i^avrjpac, tevrepcuo^ he rov *A0ipuiua>v 

"o^ eKeye^ ***{! AoK^aiiiQviot, ^ABtivcuoi vfiimv Beovrtu, 
r^iCi fiofjOrjo'tu, Kot firi 'rrepilSelv iroKiv apyfuoroTTjiv kv 
TouTt ^EKkfiai SavKoavvy Tr^vrreaowrav vpo^ avBp&vs 
fiapfiap(ov. Kal yap *Ep€Tpui re vvv i^vBp(vrroSuTT€u, xai 
irokt ysjoylp/rf i] *£XXa9 yiyove. curOei^aripri.^^ *0 fiev ^ 
€r<f>i ra hnercCKiimi am-rjyyeKe • tout^ Se ieiBe piv fio7)0€' 
€tv *A0fipaloKn, oBvvara Be <r<^t fjv to vcLpavruca iroUew 
ravTO, ov fiovkopJifoiin Xueuf rov vopav, *Hv yap lo 
larap,epov rod p/¥fvo^ wdrrf * eofdvrf & ovk ifeXevireaOcu 
€<f>a(ra¥, p^ ov irhJ^o^ iovro^ rot; icvkKj(>v. Ovroi p4u 
wv rijv iravaeXjpfov ep^evop, 

Touri Se fiapl5apoia& KaTqydero ^Imrirj^ 6 Ileururrpd' 
rov e9 rov Mapa0&v€if rffi vapoi/)(pfA€Pfj^ w/cro^ Sy^tp is 
iBcav €P Ty VTTV^ romlfpSe, ^ESoKee 6 *l7r/rlfi^ ''V p^rpl 
T^ imvrov TW9vvr)0ijipa^^ avpefidXero &p €k rov ovclpov, 
MtreK0iiP is ras *A07fpas, tcai dpfurayadp^evos rrjp dpx^* 
rekmnrjceiP ip r^ emvrov yripoMS. *Ek ph^ B^ rfy: 
S^ios avpefidXero ravron Tore & Kanjyeopspos, rovro ao 
fjkdp, ra opBpdnroBa ra ef ^Eperpirjs aTrefitfcre e? rt/p pfjaop 
rifp Srvpeosv, tcak€op,€PffP Be Alylkeiav * rovro Be, Kara- 
yop^fo^ es rop MapaQiava ra^ peas &pp*^ otrros, eKfidp- 
ras re es yfpf rovs fic^pfidpovs Bteraaae. Kxu oi ravra 
BieiropTi einjKOe rrra^ip re teal fifj^a^ p^^optos ii w^ 
ewOee. Ota Be oi irpeafivrep^ eovre, rwv oBoprtop ol 
wXevpes etrelopro * rovrotp &p eva r&p oBoptwp e/cfidWei 
UTTO fipqs firj^as* Emrecdvros Be es tt^v yfrap^p^p avrov, 
eiroteero voXXtip a'jrovBrpf e^evpelv '' i>s Be ovk e^aipero 
Oi 6 oStop, cuHwrepu^as, elire Trpos rovs irapa^rraras • » 



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88 HERODOTO&. 

••'H yfj ^ ovK fiiAerdpri ifrri, ovBe fLtP StnnjtrJ/u&a 
virojceiplffp woiTjaeurOai ' oicoaop Be rl fioi fibepo^ fAerfjp, 
6 oSmp fierejaei.** ^Ijnriri^ fiev Sfj ravvp rrfp llyjrtv <ruv€* 

• *A0i]vaioun Se rerajfievouri ip rtfievet ^HpatcKeo^, 
errfjkJdw fiorjffeovre^ ItXarrcuee^ wavBrffAcL Kai yap xai 
eSeBfOKeaav ci^ia^ aurov^ rouri *A0rjivaiouri oi Itkarcuw, 
Kcu trwov^ infip avr&v ol ^AdfjvauH avxvois ijSff oihu- 
pearo' &oaav Se &S€. Ilie^evfievoi wfo Off/Saunf oi 

10 ItXarcuee^, iBiSocrav irp&ra iraparv)(pv<n KXeofA&f^ Tf 
r^ ^AvafavBplSew kcu Acue^aifAovtour^ a^ea^ avrav^ * oi 
Se, oi B€Ko/i€voi, ikeyop <r^i roBe* *' ^HfjteU fiip huurripm 
re oUeofiep, kcu vfuv roi^ tk yepoir tiv en-ucovplfi 
^frvxP^' ^o/ifre yap hv iroXKojo^ e^apBparroBurdeine^ fj ^ 

16 rtva irvuea-Ocu tj/jlAdp. SvfAfiovKevofJtep Se vpiv Soi/pcu 
vfiea^ avTov^: ^AOrpfoloun, irKi^a-io^nopouri re dpBpwrh 
Kcu rifioDpeetp eowri ov kokout^^* Tavra avpefiovKevop 
oi AcueeBcufWPioi, ov Korra evpoifjp c&rm t&p HXartuemf, ^ 
«9 fiovXofAepoi T0V9 *A^voMif^ e)(etp wopov^t avpefrreA- *V 

ao ra^ Bouaroia-i* AcuceScufiopioi fiep wp UKaTtueva-i rdv' 
ra avpefiouKevop ' oi Se ovk ^larrftrap, aXX' *A6fpfalmp 
ipa iroievPTfOP rola^ SioBeKa dedun, i/certu *^ofiepoi eni 
TOP fic^fiop, eBiBoa-op a^ea^ avrov^, Off/SoMt Be itvdo^ 
fiepoi ravra, earparevoPTo eni rotf^ HXanueo?* ^Adtf^ 

23 paioi Be a^t efiorjOeop, MeXKoprcDP Be avpdmretp pLayrfp, 
Koplpffioi ov irepielZop • irapaTV^opre^ Be, teal KaTaWd- 
fain-€9, eTTirrpe^apTcop afKf>OTepe»p, ovpi^ttp ttjp xi!)p^p 
eirt TolaBe * eap Sfjfialov^ Boum&p rov^ fiff fiovXofAevov^ 
69 BoMk>TOV9 reXeW. KoplpOioi fjuep Brj ravra ypotrre^ 

m arn'oXXaacopTO. AOffpatoiat Be awiova^ fveOriKapTO 



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BATTLE OP KABATHON. 89 

Boutrroi* hriOifJLevo^ Zi^ ia-awdfjaap rr^ M'^/XV* ^'^''^p' 

raieOai ehfcu ovpov^, tovtov^ {nrepfiairre^, top ^Aatanrov 
avTov e/rotricrearro ovpop Orjfialo^i irpo^ nXarcuea^ tlvcu 
Koi *T<ruw. "ESotrav fiev S^ oi IlXarcuee^ cr^w avroif^ 
^AOrivaiouTi rpoirtp r^ elprffiepip * ijteov Si Tore eq Mapa" 
6&pa fioffd&nne^. 

Touri -86 ^Adfjvauov crparrfyoun eyipovro 8ixa oi 
yvwfuu • r&v fAOf, ovk mvT<op avfifiaKKeiv • ** *0\iyov^ 
yap eUfcu, frrpari'^ r^ Mtj^v av/AfiaXeei^ " * r&v Si /eai lo 
MiXridSee^ /ceXeuoprcov. *th Sc tixi^ re iylpovro, /au 
epiica 17 x^ip^v r&v yiwfi&0Vt ipdctvra, ^p yap epSeKoro^ 
^p^ff<l>t8o^po^ 6 r^ tcvdfjup \a^o>i/ AOffpaiwp iroXefiap' 
X'Stiv * TO 'jraKmop yap *A$f)pa2oi 6fAa^pij<f>op top iroXifuip 
yop erroievPTO tout* CTpaTqyoliTi • fy Se TOTe iroXe- if 
fjLOpxp^ KaXKlfiaxp^ *A^i£pa2o^* irpo^ tovtop ekOiiP 
MiXnaStf^, €\ey€ TaSe • " ' J5i/ col vvp, KaXKlfia)(€, ioTh 
^ KaTol^XSHTaA *A0ripa^f fj eXevdepa^ TroirfcaPTa, fivripA^ 
avpa "knriaOiu e? top SnravTa avOpwimp fiiop, ota ovSe 
*ApfMoSio^ re xdi ^Apiaroy^iTwp Xelirowr$. Nvp yap S77, 90 
ef ov iyepoPTO ^Adfpfcuoiy h kIpSupop fJKova fieyurrop. 
Km ^ /icV ye viroKvy^wci Toiai M'T^urt^ SeBotcTOi ra 
ireuroPTcu irapaSeSofiepoi ^Imriff f/p Se wepiymyrai 
avTTf 17 ttoXk, otfj T€ ecrri vpoynj t&p *E\XfpfiSoi>p iroXlmp 
yepea-Oau Km &p S^ ravra old t€ itrr^ ytpeaOai, k(u 96 

fC&^ €? ae Tl TOVTO^P <lP7JK€i T&P WpffyfAaTOIfP TO Kvpo^ 

ej^eer, pvp Ip'xpfuu <f>pa<rc»p. *HfjL€<op t&p trrparrjy&p, 
€OPTWP ie/ect, Si^^a yipoPTCU ai yp&fuu * t&p fiep, ttekevop^ 
Tfop avfifia\e€ip, t&p Be, ov avfifiaXeeiP. ^Hp fACP pvp 

pil trvfJ^oKfOfiep, IXm'OfAal Tiva oTotriv ueydkffP ep/rrca-ov m 
8* 



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90 HSRODOTOS- 

fyf Si ovfAfia^^iey, vplv t4 koL <ra$pov ^AOtpnump /Mre 
(er^pour^ iyyepeaOcu, Oe&v ra laa vefiovrmv, otoi re upip 
yr€pvpv4<r6ai r^ avftfioX^. Twra &y wcurra h ire vup ^ 

6 reitfe^ Koi ess <reo aprnfrg*. ^Hp yap ay yvwfir/ ry e^ 
wpo&$^, «0Ti roi iF0vrpU re eKevOepff, tcai voKt^ wpemi 
r&if Of T^ *£XXa&' f^p Se rijv rS>v. eifroarevSoprew 
rrpf avfifieikipf tkjf^ mapfe^ T9* rip eyi /ca'r4ke^ dya- 
6&P ra erovTMi." TaSna X^pop o MiKruiSrf^^ iFpoatcra* 

10 704 Toy K4>^fHt)(pp. Ilpoayepofiepfi^ & t<h/ voKefuip* 
^ov Tf79 ypip^» 'hcetcvptno avfifiaXXeof. Mera ^ ol 
arparffyglt rAp fi ypipflti i^pe avpLfioKKeuf, w excurrav 
oinAp ijlvero wpvropihj rff^ ^fieprj^^ MCKr^aiff irapehlZo^ 
OOP ' 6 Set Beteofiepi^, ov n tcm av^ifioX^ ewoUero^ vpip 

n 7€ S^ avr(A irpvraptftii eyo^eTo. 

//29 Se h hceipop rrepi/^kOe, epOavra Bri erdacopro &Se 
^AOfiPOUH, «D9 iTvi$fiaKeapre^. Tov psp ie^iov Kepeo^ 
rffdero o iroKipiApyff^ KaXKlfiaxo^ ' o yap po/Jto^ rare 
etxe <Arw roiat *A$ifpaio^a-t, rop wdke/Aop^op e^etp xepa^ 

» TO Se^iep* ^HyeofUpov $6 roirov, e^^/eopro is apiB^U" 

Qpro al i^vXkl, e^pfAepM oXXf/X^y* reXeuraioi Se erda-' 

aopro, eyapres ro evomf^p fcepa^t Ukaraiee;* *A7r6 

rauTffi yap cr^ t^ A^)C*7^f Ovtriwi ^AOfiPoimp apoyopre^ 

^ xai irapfiyvpui^ toc ep r^t irevrervipia^ yofofAepoSf icotcu- 

» X^o^ i f^v^ *A6fipatos ** ifia re *A0ifpaiouTh Xeyetp^ 
ylpeaOai ra ar/aOa xai nkartueva-i,** Tare Be, raaxroiU" 
pap r&p *A0rfP€U{op €P T9» MapaO&pi, eyipero roiopBe n. 
1*0 (TTparoTreBop e^ovfiepop* r^ Mffiue^ crparinreS^, ro 
pip avrov fiea-op eyipero eni rd^ta^ oXlya^, tuu ravrp ^k 

^ aaOepecrarop ro arpardireBop ^ ro 8e xepoi emdrepow 



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BATTLE OF MABATHON. 91 

fpfiorro wXrjBtX. *iU H <r^ StereratcTO, Kai ra a^dytm 

tevTO e? 7tru9 fiapfidpov^ ^Haav Be ordBiOi wk cXcmt- 
truvefi TO fAeroij^fuov ainrw ^ oktg^ Ol Se IIep<r(u, 
op&nnm Bpofup eiriovTa9> irapeaMepd^omo w hd^p^evo^ ' 
paviip Ttf ToUn *A07]pa4o§(n hnt^^epo^^ luu inoffxy o\e*- 
9pifq»^ opiann^ t»nov^ iovra^ oX^ou9« /eai rovrov^ tpipbup 
hrtvfOfUvwn* WT€ vmrav viriLp^oioffi 9^ qvtm Ti^vp^df^ 
Toii^. Tmma pJv w» oi fidpfiapoi tuireUa^v, ^AO^' 
vatok 8^ hrei re dffpdoi vr/MHrf/M^av ronri fiapfidpount M 
ifAoixovTo a^lwi Xdjfiv. Ilpihot piv yap ^EXKrjivw^ trw- 
ri»Vi T&p ^p>eU iip'^p, Bpop^ €9 wdkffilov^ ixpn^opro, 
vpAroi Se avi^yovro eaSffrd r« iftfiudiv opemprti, /cai 
TOW avSpa/^ rarfnji/ ecffr/fA^vov^ • Tciw Sc ^v roun *J5X- 
X'Vfai, tcai to auvop^;^ ro M^ScdV ^0)809 dMOvaai. Maxo^ 1* 
fUvap Se rn^r^ MupaOmp^, ')(povo^ eylvero iroXXo9. Kcu 
TO pip pMov Tov arpwroireSov evUcov oi ffdpfiapot, r^ 
HtptTiu T€ airoi k<u Scucai h-eraxaTo * fcarra rovto psv 
Hi kpUmp ol fidpfiapo^ tfdi pr^avre^, iBifOKov e? t^ 
fteadyauBP * to & mipa^ iscdrepov hUmf *A0ffV€uol t€ tuu ao 
IIXaT(U€69« Nuc&vre^ Be, to piev rerpappdpov r&v 
fiapftdpmv ipevyuv &>y * rdlai Be ro pecov prj^ao'^ ovt&p, 
^vpw^OffivTe^ ra Kepea apt^arepa, ep^d^pprot k<u cpucwp 
*A0fpfcuou fevyova^i Si rola-i Heparfoi wropro xdirrop^ 
r€99 e? S hri rrpt OdXaacttv dvucop^poi, irvp re elreop, 96 
im, erekafi^dpoPTO rSnt pe&p. z 

Ktu rovro pep, ep rovnp rf irovfp iroXepapj(p^ 
KahXipAXO^ BuuffOelperai, dprjp yepopepo^ dfyaOd^* diro 
8' edave r&p oTparrfy&v STTfO-tKeoa^; 6 OpaavXea • tovto 
Be, Kxniatyetpo^ Ewfiopleffpo^ epdaura, iirCKaPopepo^ r&p 30 



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92 HEBODOTOS. 

TOVTO Be, oKXoi *A0fpfaUiiV voXKoi rtf iccii opofUKrroL 
'Eirra fi€v Srj r&v vemv eTreKparffa-av rpiinfi rouwr^ 
*A0fjvcuo^ T^ai Se Xoitr^i oi fiapfiapo^ i^avtucpovco' 
9 fuvoi,^ iuu dvdKafi6vT€9 he rfj^ vrfiov ep r^ Skim-op ra if 
^Eperpiff^ avBpdiroSa, wepieirXwop Sovpiop, fiovKofiepoi 
if>0fjpcu Toif^ *A0fpHuov^ anrueiiievoi h to cuttv* Alritf 
& ajp^e ep ^Adrpniioun ef ^ AXKiuuMPtlbewp fi^canj^ 
avTov^ ravra eirtvorjOfjpcu • rovrov^ yap avpdefAepov^ 

» rour$ Itepirffcv dvaH^ dtnrlBa, eov<r^ ijSff ip r^cri ptfvaL 

OvToi fikp ^ vepienXtoop Sovpuw* ^AOffPcuof, $6 m 

iroB&p et^op rdy^urra ifiorjOeop e? to ootv, fcai l^fjcap 

re am'ucSfjkepoi irpiv ^ tovv fiapfidpoif^ ijteeip, tcdX earparo^ 

neBevaapTo atriyfiepot ef *Iip€UcKrjjtov rov ip MapaO&Pi 

IS €P aXktp ^HpoKKrjtfp r^ ip KvpoaapyeL Ol Se fidpfiapoi 
r^i pfjiHrl vTrepeumprjOepre^ ^oKripov, rovro yap ffp 
eirlpeiop rare rSfP ^Afftp^auop, xnrep roCrov apoKtojaeicav 
T69 ta9 1^9, direirXwop oirlafo €? Trjp ^AalffP. *Ep 
rauTjf T$ ip MapaOSxpi fif^XO dm'eOapop r&p fiappapaup 

flD Kara if€ueur)(i\lov7 xai rerpoKoclov^ opSpa^ * ^AOrjpeUoup 
Be, exarop ippeprj/eopra tei^ Bvo. "Ehretrop iiep ap^xne^ 
p<»p roa-ovTOU "Swrfpeuce Be avroOi Brnvfia yepeaOcu 
TOMpBe * ^Adripotop apBpa ^Eirl^rikop top Kowf>aydp€09 ip 
T^ avtrraaet pAXOfiepop re icai avBpa yipofiepop dyaffov 

»rwp ofifjLaTmp arepi^fffjpai, cure TrKffyepTa ovBep rov 
ccifAaro^, ovre /BXtfOepra • kcU to Xoittop rij^ ^orj^ Buvre^ 
Xeetp diro roirov rov j(popov iopra rv^Xop. AeyetP Si 
OVTOI' irepl rov rrdOea^ fj/eovca rotopBe riva Xdyop. 
"ApBpa oi BoKeeip oTrXlnjp dprurrfjpiu p,eyap, rov ro ye-- 

80 pewp rrjp dairlBa rraaop axui^eip • to Bi ipdcfia rovro 



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BATTLE OF HABATHON. 93 

€a>v70P fA€P wape^ekOeiv, rov Be iwvrov irapaardrfp^ 
dvo/crelvau TaSha y^kv 8^ ^Eirl^fiKov envddfitjv Xcyeu'. 

AaTi^ Si iropevofLepo^ ifia r^ crpar^ e? rijv *A(rirjp, 
hrel re eyevero hf MxicoPipf'^etBe Sr^w ev r^ vTrinp* Km 
^t9 fjL€v rjv ^ oyp'i^s ov Xeyertu * o Be, m^ VM^PV Tax^urra b 
eiriKoLfi'^e, ^jffrqaiv eiroieero tSw ve&v* Evpwv Si ep 
^oivlcajf pr)i aydKfMt *A'rroXX(ova^ icexpvamfjJvov, hnwOd" 
veto oKodev ceavXaffievov eUi* irvddfiepo^ Sie i^ ov ^ 
ipov, eirXee ry ea^vrov vrfi h A^jkov, seal, dirucaro yap 
rffvucavra ol ArjlKioi miaf» e? r^ vrjcrov, tcarcniBeral re lo 
e; TO Ipop TO iyaXftOg tcdi evreKKercu roun Affiuour^ 
dirajevyelp to &ya\fia h ArjXiop to Orjfiaimp* ro B* 
ajTi eni OaXdaiTij, XoXkiBo^ Karavrlop. Aarv; fiev Bfj 
ravra evreiXdfiepot direirKee. T^v Be dvBpidpra rovrov 
ArjKioi ovK aTTT^ayoVfdXKd fup Si eretop elxoiri Offfialoi if 
auTol €K OeoTrpoirlov eKOfUaairro em AifKjjop. Tov^ Se 
T&v *Ep€TpUa>p dpBpaTToBiafiepov^ AarU re Koi ^Apra- 
<l>€pv7j<:, ©9 trpoae(rj(pp €? ttjp ^Aavqp ifkeovre^, dinffayop 
€9 Sov<ra. BaciXev^ Be Aapelo^, irpuf pip di^^p^iKorrot;^ 
yepeaOai rov^ ^Eperpiea^, evel^e a^t Beipov xoKop, oSaao 
dp^dpTWP dBucli)^ irporkpwp r&v *Ep€Tpie<ov • eirei re Be 
elBe a<f>ea^ dira^devra^ irap^ eaDvrop, kcu vTroj(eiplov^ 
emvT^ eovra^t hrolrja-e kokop aXKo ovSep, dXXd a<f>ea^ r^ 
Kuralf)^ xd)pri^ Karolfciae eu araOp^ e<omov, r^ ovpop^ 
€0Ti *ApBepiKKa* dm) pip Sovaap BeKa k(u Birjicoaiov^ v 
araZioxf^ aTrexpvri^ reca-epaKOpra Be airo rov ^pearo^, 
TO 'rrap€)(€TCU rpi^uurla^ iSea^. Kdi yap ac<f>aXrop Ka\ 
aXa'i Koi, eKaiov dpvaaoprai e^ avrov, rpoirtp Toi£Be, 
^AvrXeera* pip tcrjKovuftfpt dvri Be yavXov, fjpMJV aaxov ol 
irpocBeSercu * inroTvy^a^ Be tovt^, dmXeei koX hreira ao 



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94 ffiRODOTOS. 

rperrereu rpufxtaut^ oSov^» Kcu 17 fiev acif^aXTo^ kc^ oi 
oKe^ tniytn/irrtu 'irapavTUca, to Se SKcucv awdyown kv 
ayyclot^, ro oi Tlkpircu KOKeovin paSu^ixfiP • eari S« /i€- 

6 \ap, Kol oBfi^ rn'opexjifLCPOv fiapiap. ^EpOavra rov^ 
*Eperpi€a^ tearoUure /SaciK^ Aapelo^* A /eai fiexp^ 
€fjL€0 elxpv T^y X^P^ rcwrffv, i^vkaatrovref r^v apyairiv 
fXSxTatw. Ta flip S^ irepi ^EperpKO/^ ^^^ oirm. 
Acuce&ufwplcov Se ^itop h to? *A$rjpa^ Surxjtkun fiera r^ 

10 wetvceXfp^p, e^ppre^ cvrovi^ iroXK^ tunaKal3eip ovt», 
eiare rpiraUn he S'rrdprij^ eyepovro ip rp *Amt<^. 
^Ttrrepoi Si anrueofAepo^ lij^ avfifidkij^, ifielpopro ipbm 
der^aaOcu T(m Mrfiov^. *B!k0oPTe9 Si e? ivp Mapo' 
OApo, €0eTJ<rMrro* fjLera Be, mpeopre^ ^Adrupcuov^ icai to 

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•H P O A O T O S. 
iCOND PERSIAN WAR. 



^ 



L THE SUCCESSION OP XERXES TO THE 
THRONE. (PoLYMNiA Vn.1-4. B. C.485.) 

MapaOcivt jepofAeinys irapa fiaaCkia Aapelov rov ^Tard" 
aireo^, kcu irpiv fieyoKo)^ /cexapajfAepov rolat *A0ffvaiour$ 
Sea TTJv es SapSt^ €<rfio\rip, /ecu S^ kcu rore iroTCK^ re 
SeivoTepa eirotee, kcu fiaXKov fappofro arpareveaOcu eiri 6 
rriv *EKKaZa^ Kcu ainUa fiev errffyyeXXero, iripjironf 
wyyeXov^ Kara iro\t^, eroifid^eiv aTparirit/, woXX^ irXito 
emraa-aoiv iKaaToiac fj irporepov irapelxov* iccu vda^ re, 
^ KCU twrrov^, kcu cItov, kcu TrXotcu Tovrmv Se ir^piarj^ 
yeKKo^ivfov, 17 ^Acirj ihoviero eiri rpia Srec^ KaraXeyofAe^ 10 
va>v re r&v apiarmv, (09 err^ ttjv EXXaSa arparevao^ 
fi€v<ov, KCU irctpaaK€va^oii€vwv. Teraprrtp Se eref Alyv^ 
irrioit viro KafAfivaeto BovXtoOepre^, a'Tretrrfjaav diiro 
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a^iMfHyrepov^ arpareveaOai. "SreKKopbiuov Se Aapeiov err* ift 
Atyi/TTTOP KCU *A07ipa^, r&p Tralitap avrov araaui eyepero 



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96 HERODOTOa 

fiaaiKecL, Kara rov Heptricuf vJfiop, ovto9 oTparevea-Oai. 
^Haaif yap jiapeup, fuu vporepop ^ ficuriXevaeu, yeyopo^ 
T69 TpeU iraliS^ he rrj^ vporipri^ ywauco^, Twfipueu 

6 dvyarpik * iccu fiaaiKevaopri, i^ ^Aroaofi^ rff; Kvpov 
Srepoi, reatrepe^. T&p piv S^ irporrip^p eirpiafiev* 
^ Aprafia^dvfi^ • rSof 8e emjepopJpc^p, Uep^. ^Eopres 
& p^fjTfm ov t!j9 avrfi^, ecrcuriaJ^p* o /a€V ^Aprafial^apfi^, 
Kar S Tt irpea-fivraro^ re etff iravro^ rov yopov, fcai jSr$ 

10 pop^op£pa elfj TTpo^ Travrmp avOpdyrro^p top Trpea-fivrarov 
TTJp ap^p e)(eiP* Uep^ Se, w ^Aroaofi^ re ttoZ? elff, 
r^ Kvpov Ovyarpo^, tcai Srt Kvpo^ etrj 6 KTrjo'dfievo^ 
rouri mpar/in, rrgp eKevdepifjp. Aapelov $€ ovk ottoBc^ 
KPvpJvov /C09 ypoi>fJur)Pi ervyj(ape Kara rmrro rovrouri Kiu 

16 AfipAptfTo^, o ^AploTODPO^, avafiefifiKw^ e; Sovccl, ecrrepfj' 
fiepo^ re rf}^ ep S'rrdprp fiaa-CKfftry:, Ktu ^vyfpf eTTifidXMP 
ea>vr^ eK AaKeBcUpapo^. ^Ovro^ *mv7jp wvddfiepo^ rSup 
Aapeiov iralScDP rifp Buul>opi^p, ixOdp, co9 V <f>dri^ pup 
e^ei, Uep^ cvpefiovXeve Xeyeuf irpo^ rouri Ikeye eireci, 

90 0)9 " avT09 p>€P ycvoiro Aapeup ffir} fiaaiXevopri, km 
€j(pprt TO Ilepcetov Kpdro^ • ^Aprafia^dpTf^ Be, eri iSuart) 
iovTi Aapelfp, OvKtav ovr ouco^ elrj, ovre Buccuov, aXkop 
riva TO yipa^ ej^eiv irpo ecovrov • errel ye kcu ev STraprr), 
eifyq 6 ArjfiaprjTO^ inroTiOep^evo^, ovrw vofii^eaOai, t]P oi 

2", /i€i/ irpoyeyoUiire^ etoat, irpiv ^ tov irarepa a^etav fiaat" 
Xevo'ai, 6 Be ^aaCKevovri, o^cyovo^ einyeprjTai, rov cttI' 
yevofievov rrjv exBe^iv rr}^ fiaaikfjiTj^ yiveaOac. XprjaO' 
p,evov Be *S$ep^e<0 r^ Arip^Lpryrov xnro6r]icri, yvov^ 6 Aapelov 
€09 \eyoL BiKCua, ^curCKea pup dweBe^e, AoKeei Be px>i 

ViKcu apev ravrrj^ rfj^ vttoOtiki]^ fiaaiXevacu av aep^* 



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• DEBATE UPON THE INVASION OP OBBBCE. 97 

4 yap '^Aroaaa cl^c to irav Kparo^. ^Anohi^a^ SS fia'- 
aiXea lUpcrjat Aapeio^ Uep^a, opfirjro orpaTevea-Ocu. 
AKXa yap, fkcra ravrd t€ kcu AlyvTnov airotrrcuTiv t^J 
variptp erei, irapacKeva^o/iepov awrjveuce avrov Aapelov, 
fiaaCKevaavra ra irdvra t^ re teal rpLr^KOvra erea, diro- » 
Baveiv ovSe ol e^eyevero ovre tov9 airecreSna^ Alyv 
irriov^ ovre ^Adrpfoiou^ rifUDprja'ao'Oai. ^AiroOavouro^ Se 
Aapeiov, ^ fiaaiKfjtrf dvej(wpr)a'€ e? rop ira^ top hcelpov 
Bep^ea. 



IL THE DEBATE UPON THE INVASION OP 
<t ^ QEEECE. (PoLYMNiA VIL 8-18.) 

Uep^ Be fiera AlyinrTOV iXaoatp, (09 efieXKe e? x^^P^ ^^ 
a^ea-doi to arparevfia ro ein ra^ A07)va^, avXKoyop 
ejrtKkriTOP IlepaetDP t&p apurrmp eiroieero, iva ypa)fia^ re 
TTvOrjTat a<f>€(ov, K€U axnix: hf iraa^ etirp ra OeXet. '12^; 
Se <TVP€>JexOv<^°'Vt eKe^e Bi/0^9 rdSe • " "ApBpe^ Ilepaai, 
ovr airro9 KaTfjy7i<ro/jLai pofiop rovSe €P vfup rtOei^, irapa- if 
Be^afiepo^ re avr^ ^tjo-o/uu. 12^ yap ey<o mwdavofiai 
rSfp wpe<rfivrepa)v, ovBafui tca> rjrpefiTjaafjLep, errei re rrape 
\dl3ofi€P r^p riy€fjLOvlr)v rrivBe rrapa Mr^Scap, Kvpov Kare- 
^^ \6pro^ ^AoTvdyea • dXXa Oeo^ re ovrta wyet, #wu avrola^ 
^ fifup rroXKa hrerrovai, avp^perai erri to afietpop, Ta 90 
p>€P PUP Kvpd^ re teal Kafi^varj^ irarrjp re ifw^s Aapelo^ 
Korepyaaavro KOi irpoae/crTia'apro edvea, em^arapipotin, 
eu ovK ap Tt9 \eyou Eyw Se, errel re irape\a/3op rop 
Opopop, Tovro €<f>popri^oPi oK(o<i firj Xely^op^a^ rS>p rrpore" 
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98 HERODOTOS. 

pov yepofACvanf i» rifi^ t$&^ fJkriSe eKaaa-m TrpocKn^ofUH 
ivvafup Ilepai^a^ ipovrlfy^v h\ eupla-Kto a/ia pip /cvSo9 
iqfuv T€ irpoayipopsvov, x^PV^ '''^ ''^ ^ e/cr^p^eOa oi/e 
eKaa-aova ovSi ij>\avpoT€pf)v, iroft^opoyrepffv re * apui he 
6 TtpLtopifiv re teal riai^p yipopipffp. ^ jito^ vpia^ pvp ey» 
aiweXe^ tpa ro poew irpticr^rew inrefiffewfiuu vp2v. MeX- 
Xa>f ([eu^^ Toi/ ^EWrjowoPTOPf ekop {rrparop &a r^ 
Evpfomi^ eni rrpt *Ek\dSa, u/a ^AOriPoiav^ rtfpMp^copxu, 
S<ra bff irenovqKcuri, Ilkpca^ re km irarepa rop efjbop. 

10 *ilpare pip pvp teal Aapetop iSvopra arpareveaOai hrl 
rov^ avSp{K rovrov^^ *AX>^ i p^ rereXeurfftee, tccu owe 
e^eyepero ol ripoDpi^aaOcu • eyta Be tnrep re exelpov xaX 
r&p SxXmp Ilepaieia/ ov irporepop vavaopa^ irpip ^ tktD 
re KM rrvptocrtui ra^ ABr^pci^ * ok ye epe km varepa rop 

16 €pi)P vTrfjp^op aZuca iroievpre^. TIpSna pep, h SapBi^ 
€K0opr€^ apa *Aptaray6p7f r^ MiXaf<rl(p SovX^ Be ^p^^ 
reptp, dwucop^epok epewprjaop rd re oXcrca km ra Ipa* 
Bevrepa Be, ^pea^ ola ep^Mf €9 rtpf a^>€r€pfjp dirofiopra^, 
ore Aarl^ re Koi *Aprcuj>eppri^ iarparriyeop, ra errurraadt 

90 Kov trdpre:. Tovro^p peproi eipeKa dpoprt^pM eir ainov^ 
arpareveaOcu. AyaOa Be ep avrolai rocoBe dpevplaxa 
Xoyi^dpepo^, el rovrov^ re km tow rourourt TrXiyo-to^^cS- 
pois KaraoTpey^opeBc^ A IleXowo^ rov fpvyo^ pepoprM 
X^PV^f yi^ '^ TIepacBa diroSi^pep r^ Alo^ aidepi, opov^ 

23 peovaap* ov yap Brf x^pV^ J^ ovBeplop Kardy^^erat o f]ku)^ 
opovpeovaap ry rjperepp, aXKa c^a^ irdawi eyoD apa 
vplp piap %ci)pi7i/ &ri<T(o, Bta ircurr)^ Bi€^€\0(k>p rrj^ Evpd- 
9n/9. IIvpddpopaL yap a^Be ex^iP * ovre rtva iroKw dp* 
Bpwp ovBeplap^ ovre edpo^ ovBep apOponroiP vTroXeiireaOai, 

30 TO ^plp olop re cotm eXffelp 69 p^X^v, rovrcop rwp Karl- 



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DEBATE UPON THE DSTVASION OF GREECE. 99 

\€^ im^cupjifimnf. Oirm cSt tc ^ftu^ aUioi t^xHn 
iovXiow ^vydv, oi re avairtoi. *Tfuh V op fwi, rdSe 
fro*€OPT€9, 'xapi^urOw. Eireav i/uv ofjfjiyvt^ top j(popov, 
€9 Tov rjK€ip Set, wpodvfjLo^ wdpra riva vfiemw yjpr^ei 
vapeiptu * ^ av Se e)(mv tficp iraptaKevacfUiwv arpan-op s 
xaXKurra, Sm<rm ol S&pa ra rifuwrara voiufyra* elpai, ep 
fifAerdpov. IIoiriT&i fUp wp ravra iari otn». "Iva Bi 
1^ iSiofiovXeveiv vfup Soxeo9, rlOffju ro wpifyfAa e? fjteaop, 
ypdp/ffp KeKeuwf vfUmv top ficvXofiepop amH^pecOcu.'* 
Taxrra hw(k erravero* \o 

Mer avTOP Se MapBopio^ ikeye • "*/2 Beavora, oi 
fjbipop eU rSnf yepofioft^p Hepcemp apurro^, oKKa tcai tAp 
aro/iMWy* S9 ra re SXKa Xeymp ewlxto apurra tcai oKi^e" 
irrofra, tcai ''Itapa^ tov9 er r^ Eipwnf fcaroitcf^epov^ ovk 
eaati^ scanvyeXcunu ^fup, ioPTtK apa^lov^* Ktu yap 15 
Seii^i' &p etfj irpfjy^Aa, el Satca/i piv icdi ^IvBov^ /au AiOio- 
vwi re Koi ^Acavpiov^, aXka re eOvea iroXKa tau p^e- 
yaka, aZucr^avra Hepaa^ ovSep^ aXXa Svvap^p vpoa^ 
teraadeu fiovKopevo^ tcaraarpei^dp^poi Sovkov^ e)(pp€P* 
^EiXXfjpo^ Be, vwdp^aPTO^ oBuelff^, oi rtpuopffirop^Sa. T/ao 
Seicopre^; Kmip irkriOeo^ avtrrpo^p; KoiffP Be XPVM^^ 
T€9v Bvpapw ; TS)v hriardpsda pep t^v P^o^p^ eirurrd^ 
pLeda Be rrgp Bvpapup, iowrav aadevea * €)(pp£P Se ain&p 
wa2Ba^ Karaarpe^ap^evoi, rovrov^, A iv r^ ^p^repy fcwroi- 
Kff^epot, "Ic^pe^ re tcai AloXee^ /eai A^i^ee^ tcoKeoprai, 25 
^Eveiprfiitp Be tccu avro^ tjBtj eireXavvotp hrl tov9 opBpa^ 
TovTov^, VTTO iTOTpo^ TOO oov xeXevaffck • teal pLOi, p^XP^ 
MatceBoplff^ ekaaoPT^ k<u oTuyop anroXpiropri, €9 avra^ 
^A&Tjvaii am-ucea-OcUf oiBeh opruiOr) e9 payrpf. Kai roi 
ye &l;>0aah *'EXkrjve^, ©9 irwdavopMi, afiovkorara iroke^ 30 



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100 HER0D0T08. 

fwv^ uTTCurOai, xnro re aypiofiatnnnj^ mi cKtuorffrof;. 
^Eweap yap dXKrjkoun iroKeiiov irpoet/iraa-h e^evpovre^ to 
KoKKuTTov ^(»piov tcai \eioTarov, €9 rovro /canovre^ fut" 
')(pvT(u * ONTTe aw Kcuc^ f^aXtp oi vtK&vre^ oTraKXao'- 

B aovrcu* irepi he tAv €<ra(Ofi€i/t»v ovBe Xeyo) <'PX'^V9 e^toKee^ 
yap Sfi yivovrcun Toir: XP^^> ^'^^ ofioykaxrcoirs, ktj- 
pv^l T€ Siaj(p€o»fi€tfov^ Kcu dfyyekouTi, KardKaiJL^a^ew to? 
huK^paSt KM ircLpri /ooXXoi^ ^ MhcV^^ * ^^ ^^ 7rain-a>9 eSee 
iToXe/ieeaf irpo^ dXKTJXjov^, e^evpicrtcew XP^ '^ hcarepoL 

euTi, Bv<rx^^p<oTOTaroi, koI ravrp 'ire^MV. Tpo7r<p rolvw 
ov yp^cr^ ^EXXr)V€^ Bui)(p€<afievoi, ifieo eKaaavro^ /^^^^ 
Maiceiovlfj^ yffi, ovk ^Xffop €9 rovrov Xoyov foare iia')(€^ 
ada^ Sol Be 8rj fieXXei rk, & fiaaiKev, dtrrt^o'ea'ffcu 
woKcfiop irpoa^epfntv, ayovr^ kcu nrXxfOo^ to e/c rfj^ ^Acirj^ 

15 Kol 1/609 Ta9 dwdaa^ ; */29 fiev eyo) Sok€C9, ovk C9 touto 
dpaaeo^ dvi^Kei ra *EWr[pa>v irprfffiara^ El Be apa eya 
ye ylrevaOeiTiv yva^p/rft kcu exelvoi ewapOevres; dfiovXly 
eKJBoiev Yjfuv 69 M^X'^v* fidOoiep av, a>9 elfiev dvOpome^v 
apurroi ra iroXjefirfia* "Earta S' &v fji/rfBev direlprjrov* 

20 avTOfiarov yap ovBep, aXX* diro welprf^ irdina dpdpw^ 
irouTi <f>i\e€i ytpeaOa^*" MapBoPio^ fiep roa-avra ernXerj' 
pa9 rrjp Uep^eto yiHop/qp, eweiravro, 

StorrrcDPTODP Be rSup SlKKodp Il€p<r€<DP, kcu ov roXfUt)P' 
rap ypdffiTfp dwoBeiKPvadai dpririP r^ wpoxeifiepfi, *Aprd- 

£5 l3apo<; Ttrracnreo^, trarpto^ ewp Eep^, r^ Brj kcu wlav^ 
po^ ecop, SXeye roBe* "*J2 ficuriXev, fifj XexOeiaeeov 
fjL€P yp$ofiea}P avrietop oXXT^Xyo-t, ovk ecri, rrjp dfieiPto 
aLpeofiepop eXeaOai, aXXa Bel tJ elprjfiepf) j^p^^cw* Xe- 
^Oecaecop Be, earv • mairep top xP^ovp top cucrjpaTop, av* 

ao TOP fiep hr etavrov ov BcayipaxTKOfiep, eireav Be iraparpi'^ 



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DEBATE UPON THE INVASION OF GREECE. 101 

^fteofiev aXKip j(pvtr^, htayivdo'ieofiev rov afittvto. *Eym 
Se K€u irarpi tA <r^, oSeX^fS 8e €/i^> Aapeltp, iqyopevop 
fjut} arpaTeveadtu erfi XtcvOa/;, avSpa^ ovSafiodi yfj^ aarv 
vefjbovra^ * o Be, hcirl^o^v Sfcv$a^ rov^ vofiaBa^ Karaarpk" 
^affcUf efAol re ovtc hreiOero, arparevadfxevo^ re, irdX^ i 
Xov9 re /ecu a/yaffoif^ rfj^ arparifj^ awofioKmv anrriKJBe. 
Xv Be, & fiaaiXev, fieXXei,^ hr avBpa^ arpareveaOcu iroX' 
Xov afietPOviK fj XxvOaii * o^ Kara OaKaaadiv re aptaroi 
/rol /earra yfjv Xeyovroi etvau To Be avrouri Ivetm Bei^ 
vdv, efie aoi Bucaidv &m ^pa^euf. Zev^tK 4^ '''^^ '£X- i» 
Xi^inrovrov, ekav crparov Bia t^ Eiprnwrj^ €9 rrjp 
^EWc^, K(u Bfj Kcu avtnipeuce ^ roi Kara fpfv ^ Ka^ Kara 
OdKacaav eaamfffjpeu, ij koI kot afufxlrepa, Ol yap 
oifBpe^ \eyovrai elva* aXKifioi* irapecr^ Be kg* crafifjua^ 
acLaffai, et, vrparvrpf ye roaavrrjv trifv Adri, kcu ^Apra- i* 
^pveV eKJdovaav e9 t^ ^Arruaiv ^oipf)v iiovvoi *A0r)va2oi 
Sie<f>0eipap. Ovk &p dpxfxnepr^ a'ij>i e^mpffce* aXX', t^ 
r^ci PTjvai e/i/SaXoNTiy k(u PiK7]<Tapre^ pavfiajf^Ly Trkeaxri 
€9 rop *E\X'rj<nroprop, kcu eireira Xutroitak rrjp yeij>vpap, 
rovro Brj, fiaaiXev, yiperai Beivop. ^Eyi) Be ovBefw^so 
ao^lr) oycrjtp avro^ ravra avfifidX\x>p4U, oXX* olop Kore 
flfjiaii oXijov eBerjire KaroKafielp wd0o^, are irartfp 0-09 
^ev^a^ Bd<nropop rop OprjtKiop, ye^vpd><ra^ Be irorapufP 
larpov, BUfir) eni SKvOa^, rare iraproioi, ^epopro Xkv' 
004 Beofiepoi IcDPODP Xvaai rop irdpop, rouri, hnrerpairro 85 
f} <f>v\aKq rS>p y€if>vp€a>p rov Itrrpov, £ai rdre ye 
*Iaruuo^ 6 MiKriTov rvpappo^ ei eneorrero ra>p aXXtop 
rvpdpv(OP ry yptafirf, firjBe ^vr^d>67j, Biepycurro cLp ra 
IlepaecDP irpifffiara, Kac roi, kcu \dy<p cucotacu Beipop, 
err dvBpL ye evi irdpra ra fiaatXeo^ irprtyixara yeye- 30 

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102 HBBODOTOB. 

ptjo'ffai. Sif Zv fM^i fiovKeu e; xafSuyop fi/rjiepa rmovrap 

Nuv fieif Tov avXhyyov rovhe Sutkvavv • aSri9 Sc, jrnnr 
Toi Soxeij, irpoaice^dfiepo^ eni aeanrrov, 'rrpoayop€V9 

s rd rot Boic^t Avai apurra, 7% yap cS fiovXeveaffiu, 
ixpSo^ fuyurrov evplcKm iov. El yap Ktu ivoMnrimOff' 
vai Ti OeKei, fiefiovKevrcu fiev oiSev ^<rop etf, iaawreu 
Se inro rfj^ f^^XV^ '^ fiovXevfia* 6 Se fiovKetHxar 
fjteifo^ citryp&^f el oi 17 rvyri hrlairotro, ^ptffui dpf^, 

10 ^<rov Se 0&86P ol Kcucw fie/SovKmrrau 'Opat ra \nrep4* 
ymna ^Swl m tcepavpol 6 Oeo^, ovBe €f ffHana^aOai, ra 
Se a/UKpa oiiSev pw icwl^ei; 'Op^ Se (»9 €9 oucripan-a ra 
fieyurra alel lau BofBpea ra roiavra cnroaTcrprru ra fie* 
Xea ; ^iXeet yap 6 dw to inrepeyovra watna Kcikoveau 

u Oirw S^ tc€U frrparoq woXXjo^ wro okiyov Zuju^Oeiperan 
Kara rotopBe. *Ehreap a^i, o 0eo^ ^01^09 ^4fiov 
efifia>jjj, fj fipovrrflf, Bi &v e^apffaav avd^m^ ecdtfr&p* 
ov yap eq, ^>poveew piya 0eo^ aXkop 9j emvrov* ^Ehrei^ 
j(0rjv€u fiiv vxw vav irptjyfia rUcrei ai^dKfiara, he rm 

M ^TjfAuu fieyoKcu <l>t\€ova-i ylvevOai ' kv Be r^ errur^eip 
epeoTi arfojBa, el fi^ vapavruca Bo/ceovra etvait oXX* ava 
j^povov e^poi Ti9 ap.^ S<n pip B^ rauTct, & fiaaiKev, 
irvfAfiovKevo), Sif Be, & wai Tmfipiew MapBopte, wav* 
iroi Xeywp Xoyov^ fUFmiov^ irepl ^EXXrpHap, ovk eopnop 

»a^UDP il>Xavp{DS atcovetv. ^EKKfpnx^ yap BiafiaXKnp, 
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elveKa Boxeet^ iioi waaap wpoOvfiirjp eiereivew. Mri wp 
ovTW yePTfToi, AiafioKri yap eari BeivoraTOV • ev r^ Bvo 
fjtep etai oi acueeopre^, ec9 oe abuceoftepo^. U fiep yap 

^ BiafiaXX/op oBixeei, ov irapeopro^ icaTfjyooewp* 6 8e oBir 



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DEBATE UPON THE INVASION OF GREECE. 103 

irm, d»am'€i0ofA€vo^ irplv ^ arpeieiw^ hcfid07f, *0 8e 8^ 
anremv rov Xoyov rahe ev amoici, aSi/eeercu, ZiapKriOeU re 

VTTO TOV €T€pOV, K(U VO/UaOel^ WpO^ TOV €T€pOV iCa#C09 

ehcu. '^XX' €ft Sij Bel ye iravrm^ hfi tou9 autpfv; rovrov^ 
trrpareveirdcu, ^epe, fiaatkeif^ ^ep avro^ ep ij$e<n rom 6 
Uepaewv fieveroD * rifiemv Se dfi<f>OT€pa)P wapafiaXKofiepaw 
Ta rexpo^ aTparfjkdree avro^ av, emXe^fAevo^ re atftpm 
TOt^ edeKet^t km \al3mv arparifpf o/eoaijv riva fiovXecu. 
Kai tfp fiep T^ aif Xeye*^ avaficUvff PaaCKel ra irprffiAara, 
KTUvea$(ap oi ifiol waiSe^, 9rpo9 Se avrola-i K€u eyci * tjp lo 
Se r§ eyoD wpoTieym, ol col Tavm m-aa^oprtdp, cvp Be aj>i 
M€U <rv, fjp cpiropoiT T Tf&vp. El Se ravra p^ uiroBvpeip 
ov/c eOekr^aei^, av Be Traprnd^ crpdrevfia dpo^ei^ eni Tfjv 
'EWdBa, oKOwreaOai ripd ifyrjfu t&p avrov ryBe xnroXeir 
vofUptoPt MapBopwp iieja r* kokop e^epyacfMepop Hep^ u 
act^, VTTO Kup&p re kcu opptBtoy BuupopevfAepop, rj kov e» 
yy T^ AOffPotrnp, t) <re ye ep r^ AoKeBaifiopu^p, €» p^ff 
Spa /au irporepov kwt 6Bdp, ypopra err otoi;^ opBpa/^ dva^ 
ytpaaKci^: (rrpareueaOcu, fia<riKeaJ^ 

^Aprdfiapo^ pip ravra IXe^e* Uep^ Be Ovfimffel^zi 
dp^lfierai rolaBe* *'*Aprd^pe, irarpo^ cl? rov epav 
oBeXt^d^ ' rovrd <re pvaerai p/vfBepa aJ^top p^iaOop Xafieip 
etre»p p4xrraiwp. Kai rot ravrtpf rrip dr^pifiP rrpoarlOrf" 
fu, edvri tcax^ re kcu dfivpLtp, pLtfre ainrrpareveaOcu epol 
ye cttI t^v '£X\a&x> amov re p,epeiv ap^ r^t yvpml^L as 
Eyci Be KCU dpev ceo, $aa irep etwa, eirtreXea irocrjcm, 
Mtf yap etrfp ex Aapelov rov ^Tardareo^, rov *Apo-dp,eo^, 
rov * AptapdpA^eno, rov Tetavreo^, rov Kvpov, rov Kapfiv- 
aea, rov Tdaireo^, rov ^Aycup^peo^ yeyopw^ p>rj rtpMprj- 
vdp^po^ ^AdfiPcUov^: • €v etrurrd^iepo^, on et, r^p^eU riavj(trjp ao 



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104 HBRODOTOS. 

a^ofiev, aXX' ovk exelvoi, dXKa koI iJMKa ffrpareCaovtcu 
err\ rffv fnxerepr}v^ ei, ypT} cTnOfuaacurdai, roun virapyfie- 
voici, ef eKeivwv A Xdpii^ re eveTrprjaav, kcu fiKcbaav €9 
T^i/ Aairjv. OvKfov e^cafOXpDpiew ovSerepouri Svparw 

b ^€t, dWa TToieecv tj Tradieiv TrpoKeercu drj/wv • Iva rj roBe 
wapra %mo EXKT^i^ ^ exeiva iravra vwo neptrpci yevfj-. 
T(u • TO yap fi€<Tov ovSev rfy: eyOptf^ earL KaXJoif q}i4 
irponreirovdora/; '^fiea^^rifUDpeeiv ijSff ylvercu, iva kcH to 
Zhvov, to irelaofjuUf rovro fidOoD, eKdaa^ err avSpa^ rov- 

.0 TOW, ToiJ? y€ Kiii, Tliko^ 6 ^pv^, eiop Trarepwv r&v i/i&p 
iovko9, /careoTpey^aro ovTa>, w #mu €9 T0& avroi re 
^civOpoyirot kol ri *yff avr&v eiroawpun too Karcurrpe^a^ 
fiepov KoXeovTCU.^^ 

Tavra fikv eiri rocopro eKeyero, Mera Si €v^p\ivrf rt 

16 eylvero, tcai Uep^ea eicvil^e 17 ^Aprafidpov ypdp/q, pvktI Be 
fiovXfjP BiBov<i, iroffyy Api^Ki o\ ov Trpfjyfia etpcu 
aTpaT€V€<T0ai ewi rrfp EXKaZa* BcBoy/AepiOP Be ol avru; 
TovTfDP, KaruTTPiaae, Keu Brj tcov ep r^ pv/cn elBe (n^ip 
ToiTipBe, (09 Xeyerai irrro Hepceonp. ^EBoKee o Uep^ 

» apBpa ol hrurrdpra fieycof re k<u eveiBea elirelv *' Me- 
ra B^i PovXeveai^ & Hepaa^ arpdrevfia fi'q ayeip eni rrfp 
^EjOuiBa, irpoelira^ dXi^eip TIepaaq oTparoif ; Ovre &p 
fjL€Tafiov\€vofi€po<; TToieei^ eS, ovre 6 avyyptDa^p^epo^ toa 
irapa. ^AW, ttxnrep t^ rjfieprj^ efiovXevaao iroieeiPt 

» ravrrjp l0t ratp oScly." Top /jlcp^ raxha elirapra, eBoKee 
6 Uep^rj^ airoTTTairOau ^Hfiepri^ Be ewiXa/jky^aarf^, opec- 
pov fxep TOVTOv \oyop ovBepa eiroieero, 6 Be Tlepaeoiyv 
avpaXla-a^ rov^ kcu irporepop avpeX£(e, eXeye a'ij>i rdBfs* 
*' Ai^pe^ Tlepaai^ tryyypdiyL'qp puoi e^ere, otl dyj^iarpo<f>a 

^fiovXevofuu. ^pepojp re yap 69 ra ifieoDvrov wpAra ov 



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DEBATE UPON THE INVASION OF GREECE. 105 

ireo di^Ko^, kcu ol iraprfjopevfi^voi tmva iroUeiv, ovSAa 
'Xpovov fiev afie-xovrat. ^Axovaavri fievrot fioi rfj^ 
AprajSavov yvwfirjif, wapavrUa flip 17 veorrj^ erre^ece, 
coare acixeoTepa wiroppl'^i, eirea €9 avipa irpea^vrepov 
tj 'xpeov. Nvv fievToi avyyvov^, jQyriao/iai t§ i/ceii/ov » 
jpoDfijf. *i29 (OP fieraSeBoyficpop fiot /i^ arpareieaOai 
ejrl rTjp *EWa3a, fjav^ol iare*^ Hipacu fi€P, m ij/cov* 
cap ravra, Ke^aprj/core^ irpoae/evpeop. Nvkto^ Be yepo^ 
fiepT)^, airc^ ra>VTO opeipop rp Bepfp KaTxmp<ofi€pq> eKeye 
errurrdp • " /2 ircu Aapeiov, kcu S^ if>alp€(u ep Ue/xnyo-/ !• 
re aiTHirafiepo^ ttjp arpaTrfkaa-irjp, Kai ra ifia eirea ip 
ovSePi 7roi€VfjL€PO^ T^Jytp, C09 'rrap* ovBepo^ cucovaa^. Ev 
pvp ToS' tafft, tJp Trep firj avrUa KrrparriKaTer/^, rate to$ 
i^ avr&p dpa,<rxn<r€tp • ©9 teal /xeya^ k(u ^o\Xo9 eyepeo 
€P oXiy(p 'xpopcp, ovra> kcu rairecpo^ oiria-m Kara rdxp^ i5 
ea-eai,^* Bep^ flip, TreptSefj^f yepofiepo^ t^ S^ei, dpd re 
^pajxe i/c rrp; /coItt}^, kcu wefivec ayyeXop errl ^Aprdpa' 
POP KaXeopra. ^ATriKOfiepfp Se ol eXeye E€pfi79 rdSe • 
•* Apra/Sape, eyci> ro nrapavrtKa fiep ovk eatoi^popeop, 
elTTo^ €9 a-e fidraut hrea XPV^^^'V^ ^ipexa avfifiovXlrj^ • 20 
fiera fieproi ov ttoXXop j(popop fiereypiop, €ypa>p' Be ravra 
fwi, TToirirea eopra ra <tv VTreffrjKCLo* OvKtop Bvparo^ roi 
elfjii ravra iroieetp fiovXofiepo^ * rerpafifieptp yap Bri kcu 
fiereyveoKort €7ruf>otra>p opeipop ^apra^erai fiot, ovBafiw<: 
avpeiratpop eop iroueip fie ravra • pvp Be kcu BtaTrecXfjaap 26 
ocx'frcU' Ei cjp 0€o^ can o eTntrefiircDp, Kal ol irdpna^ 
€P TjBoi/y eari yeveaOat arparifXcLG-lrjp errl rrjp 'JEJWaSa, 
emirrria'erat, Kai aoc rayvro rovro opeipop, ofiocw^ kcu 
f.fioi epreXXofievop. EvplaKco Be wSe av ycpofiepa ravra, 
ei XafioLS Tqp €fii]v aKcvrjp iraaap, Kai evBv<i, fiera rovro 30 



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106 HERODOTOS. 

J^oio €9 rov ifjSbv Opovop, tcai €ir€iTa hf xoiTt/ r^ ift^ /ro* 

He/9^9 /A€i^ rdvrd oi eXeye* ^Aprafictvo^ & ov r^ 
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5 e? rov fieurCkfilw Opopov t^€a0ai, riXo^ w ^iwy/cafc- 
To, elira^ roBe, hroUe ro /ceXevofievav. ''"laow hcelvo, & 
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yovT$ %pi7<rra i^kKuv TreiBeaOai' ra ce xai dfupoTepa 
wepiti/covTa, opOp^cov fUue&v ofuKuu c^aKKovci, * Kara 

Wwep rrpf rravrwv y^aifJMordrrjv dvOpdnrotat OdKjoaaxtP 
irvevfiara ^<tI avifuov efrnmrrovrat ov rrepiopav i^vau 
T^ imvrffi ')(p^0ai* ^Efji Se, aKOvaama 7rpo9 ceO 
KaicSf^, ov roaovro eBojce Tantri^ Scov, yvcofietav Buo irpo^ 
Keifi€P€o»v Ilepc^i, T^ fieif, vfipof av^avova^, rfj^ Be, 

16 tcarairavovarf^f tea* Xeyovaifj^ ck»9 mucov evrj BiBa^rKeiv rrfP 
y^v^v irXiov Tt Bifyicda* olei i)(eiv rov irapedvro^ • roi" 
ovretov trpotdeifieveoiP ywofumv, Srt rriv a'if>aXeporrepffP 
aeavT^ re /edi Ilepaf/iri dvalpeo, Nvv &v, hreiBrf re- 
rpayfrat eirl Tqv dfi€lva>, ^jj? rot, ftenhm rov ew 

^^EXKfiva^ <rrd\ov, eiri^vroof Svetpov, 6eov nvo^ wofj^ir^, 
ovic e&vrd ae tcaraXvetv rov trrdXov. *AXS^ ovSe ravrd 
earc, & iraZ, deta. ^Evvwvta yap ra h dvOpdmov^ 
*/r€7r\av7jfi€va, rouLvrd eori old ae efCD BiBd^, erect, cev 
rroXKjolci rrpea^vrepo^ ed>v, IIeir\avfj<TOai avrai fid- 

85 Tuara ed&aat ai o^te? r&v ovetpdrmv, rd n^ Vf'^pV^ 
<f>povrl^€i* ^fieU Be ra^ rrpo rov ^fAepa^ ravrrfv rrjv 
arparrjTujia'l'rjv kcu to /cdpra et^Ofiev fAera ^elpc^* El Si 
apa fiij ecri rovro roiovro dtov eyay Buupem, dXXd ri rov 
Oeov fiere^ov, av rrav avro auXKafioav eip^KO^ • ^Hunjre^ 

80 yap Brf /cdf efioi (09 fcal aol BunceXevofievov. ^avrjvai Be 



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DEBATE UPON THE mVASIDN OF GREECE. 107 
aiSev ^mKXop fMO$ wf^tKei ^ovri rrjp aifv ia-^fyrti, fj ov 

fjteptp, fj ov KOA €v r^ 6/137 • « irep ye xai aXXo»9 ediKet 
^avrpnu. Ov yap hrj e? roaovro yt ewjOelif^ oarfycei 

TWrO, S Tl Stf KOTt €dT» TO €7rt^UUVOfl€v6p T0$ hf T^ ^ 

wrv^, wrre Bo^et ifjie opiov 0-6 etvtu^ 7^ o^ eaOfjTi re- 
tCfAMpofiiawp. El Se ifjH /lev iv o^Sm Xiyfp woirfaerai, 
evBe afuiaei errit^apfjfiHU, ovre fyf r^ ifM^ ea-Orjra e)^Q», 
ovre fyf rtpf vrfit^ 9k Se eirt^rria^if tovto rjSvj fiadrfrdov 
€^tL El yap iii hrt^vrffireie ye avvej(e^^, ^fUffv av lo 
luu avT09 deiov ebnu. £! he ro* o£ni> BeSdierfraA yipe* 
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iv tcoiTff T^ ay Korrvwp&iTtUf ^epe, rovrwf c^ ifi/ev eir^ 
reXevfieptoPf tfHiPTfrm mi efLoL Meypi 8e tovtov, t^ 
irapeovtrp yptifijf ypffffopa^^ 15 

ToiTwra &»ira^ ^Apri^avo^^ eKiri^cop Uep^ea diroBe^of 
\eyopTa oi&ep, eiroiee ro KeKevop^pop. '£uSv9 Se rifp 
Udf^en ia-Brjra^ tcai i^ofieuo^ e? top fia^CKrfiop Opo^ 
POP, w fJtera ravra kovtop ewoUero, fjKBe ol icarv' 
TTPdOfieptp ra>VTO Sveipop to ictu irapa Uep^ea €(f>olTa * 90 
xnrepcTop Se tov *ApTafidpov, ehre ro^ • "*Apa av iij 
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T7fp 'EiXXdia, ©9 S^ /cffSo/ievo^ avTOv ; *i4XX' ovTe c? to 
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aTeoPTa iraSeeiv, avr^ exeivip BeBriKtoTCU." Tavra re Si) 
eSo^ec ^Aprdfiavo^ to Speipop dm-eCKeew Koi depfiolat 
atBf)pioia$ exfcaieap avTov /AeXXetP tov9 o<f>0aXfiov^. Kai 
k, dfifidaa^ f^eya, dpSpdaKei, kcu wapil^dfkepof: Uep^, 
»9 TffP oyftiv 01 TOV epvwplov Bi€^\0e airrfyeofiepo^, Bev' » 



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108 ' HERODOTOa 

repd oi \eyei rdSe '^''JByi fia^, & fiaaiKev, ota Spffpm^- 
7ro9 iSoDV IjSrj mXXd re koH fieyoKa ireaovra irprffffiara 
xnro Tjaavvmv, ovk ecav ae ra Trdvra t§ ^Xucly eUcevv. 
E'Trurrafievo^ w^ kcucov ei/rf to voXK&v etriOvfieeiP, fUfiVfi^ 

6 ^€vo^ fiev TOP €7rl Mdaaayera/i Kvpov aroKov (09 ewpff^, 
fi€fivfjfi€Po^ Se teal Tov err AlOioira^ top Kafifivc^o, av' 
arparcvofiewy; Si teal Aapeltp eiri XkvBo^ * hrurrdfAevov 
Tovra, ywofiTfp ei)(ov» drpcfu^vrd a€ fuucapurrov elinu 
irpo^ 7rdvT(0P dpdpdnrmv. ^Eiret & Baifunnf) t«9 ytpertu 

u> opfii^, tcai ^EXKfjPo/^t (09 eouee, ij>Oopri rt9 fcaraXapfidsfU 
Oei^Xaro^, eya» fiep xai cwto^ rpdnrofuu^ #km Tjfp ypip/qp 
fUTarlffefuu, Sv Be <rrffii^pop fup Hepirffff^ ra etc tov 
ffeov TreiJim^ofiepOt ypffaOai he fcekeve rolai he aeo itpm^ 
roiai, wpoetpfffjiepoia't h rrjp 'n'apcurtcetnjp • irolee Se ofjr^, 

if^oK(o^, TOV deov irapaZiZoPTO^f r&v a-Ap hfher^ei, firfiepj^ 
TovTtop \e)(0ePTWp, epOavra eirapOepre^ t^ S^i, ©9 
^fieprj eyepero Toj^wrra, Uep^ re inreperideTO ravra 
HepfrrfiTt • k€u Aprdfiapo^, S9 irporepop anroinrevimp 
fjLovpo^ e^atpero, rare hrunrevSciP ifnipepo^ ^» 



IIL MARCH OF THE PEESIANa (Polymnia 
VIL 19-60. B. C. 480.) 

90 K(u E€pfj79 TOV oTparov ovTm CTrdyepatp iroieercu, 
^S)pop wdpTa ipevp&p rfj^ rprelpov, ^Awo yap AlyvvTOV 
dxdxno^, ejrl fjip Teacepa erea irXr^pea Trapapreero 
oTpaTLTiP T€ tcai TCL Trp6<Tif>opa TTJ orpaTt^ • nrefiiTTtp ht 



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MARCH OF THE PERSIANS. 109 

•ret apo/MP^ iarpaTrfXdree %€<pi fujaktf wXtftfeoy. 5to- 
X»p yap, tSjv ^fiel^ iSfievj ttoXX^ Stf fAeyuno^ OVT09 
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TOVTOP fieSep ifuiipeadcu, fArjre top SfcvOueop, ore S/cvOai 
KifL/neplov^ SuoKovTC^, h t^p MrjSucrjp x^fyijp €/*/8oXoW€9, ■ 
ffy<^p irapra ra apw t^9 ^Aalff^ KOTCurrpe^afiepoh 
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Kara Ta Xeyoftepa top ^ATpeiZemp e? "IXiop* ^rfre top 
Mv<r&p T« Kcu Tevfcp&p, top vpo t&p TpeoH^&p yepofiepop, 
A SiaffapT€^ h Tfjp Evpimip icara Botriropop, tou9 re 10 
SpriitoK tcareoTp^^^avTO wopto^, koI eni top ^Iopiop 
vwTqp Kare/Brftrav, f^^XP^ '^^ Ilfjpe^ov iroTafiov tov vpo^ 
fAetrofifiplr)^ fiKaaoiP. Avtcu al iraacu, kcu ovi* el ^repai 
irpo^ TouTya-t yepoficpai oTpaTfjTujuritu, fmj^ TtjaBe ovte 
afuu. Ti yap owe tfyaye etc Ttj^ ^Aalff^ €0po^ eirl Trfp If 
^EiXXoBa Uep^rj^ ; Ktnop he irtpojiepop /up tBc^p ovk eire" 
Xvire, TrXfyv t&p fieyaKwp irora/i&p ; Oi [Jkkp yap peas 
vapeixpVTo, oi Se €9 weljbp ereraxoro, Toia$ Se tmro^ 
wpoceTera/cTo, tout* Se pjnrayeyya vXoui, a/JM oTpaTevo' 
fiepouTi * TOUTi Se e? Ta^ ye^vpas /MOKpas peas frapexetp • 2a 
TOMT* Se atTa re teai peas* 

Sm tovto fi€P, <»9 TTpoairrcuaaPTrnp t&p irpo^Ttop irepi" 
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aopriaov &pfjLeop Tpirfipees * epBevrep he opfjueip^poi,, &pv<T' 90 
aop xnro p/urrlyoip iraPToBairol t^9 oTpaTntj^ • StdBoxpi 
S* €<I>oIt<op, "flpvaaop he kcu 01 irepl top A0o)p tcaTOt,- 
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*ApTalov, opipe^ Ilepaiu, eirearaTeop tov epyov. *0 yap 
^A0ms iirrX Spo^ P^^ t€ kclI oifpofuurrop, h Oakaaaap yf 
10 

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110 HEBODOTOB. 

mm^KOPi mxfffiepop viro avBponrwv. T^ he riK^VTf tf 
rijfP 7pr€Lpov to opo9, j^epavvrfaoetBd^ re €ar$, teai ladfto^ 
w SvSe/va crabmv * ire&lov Be rovro, xai /eoXmvol av fi€^ 
yaXoi, ex BcCKatTirri^ rfj^ ^AxavOimv ein QaKaurcap rrfP 

• aanlov Topwvfjfi^ *Ev Sc t^J ItrOfi^ rovr^, €9 top reXev^ 
ra o "AOm, Saptf iroX*9 *£XXa9 olieffrau Al ie hno^ 
Sopff^, ea» he rov "Adw oueffficPiUt rof rdre 6 Hepaffi 
pil<TiwriZa/^ apri ^treipwrlhe^p &ppurrro ^rroteecp, eld aShe, 
Aiop, *Ok6^u^, ^Aicpo0moPi Svairo^, KXempoL JIoXk 

^fA€P avTcu, A TOP "AOeaip pepLopreu, "fipva^rop Se &he* 
ha(rdfA€POi TOP x^P^ ^ fiapfiapoi Kara idpea, KOra 
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fia0€ia 17 hi^pv^^ 4H fiePt Kwrirnvta eirre&Te^, mpv^aw 
irepot hi frapehihoaap top alei e^opvir<rofjbepop %oup oXXoi- 

i^<r^ KcervjrepBe eareSxri hri fiidpeup* oi h* au eKheicopuepo^t 
erdpour^, &k atrlieopTO e? Toh^ avmrarrm * wroh Se €{e^<^- 
peop re kcu e^efiaXKop, Total, pJp pvp aXKouri,, wKifP 
^ooHKfOP, Karapprfypvfievoi ol Kprjfipo^ tov opvyftaro^ iro-' 
POP hitrkriauiip ir€kp€V)(OP * &re yap rov t€ apt» ordfutTo^ 

^ ftai Tov KaTw Ta avra fUrpa trovevfieveup, SfieXKe <nf>$ 
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aXXouri, ipyouti atro^licwvPTiUt tuu hiri /cat ep exeipq). 
^ Airo\iV)(ppTe^ yap iidpwp icop avToun eirefiaXXe, opwr- 
COP, TO ^€P ipio fTTOfia Tffi hi(opV)(p^ iroievpTe^ hiirKi^iop 

Mff Saop ehn ovt^p TtfP hid>p\y)(a yepeaOai* irpofiaipopTO^ 
& TOV ?pyov, avpfjyop aUi* KUTta t€ hff eyipero, kcu 
eJ^urovTO TouTi iWouri to Ipyop* epdavra S^ XeifKop 
eoTe, ipa a(fH a/>fopr\ Te eylpero kcu m'prjTr^pMP • avro^ hi 
a<f>un 7roXXo9 eifyotra eK T179 Atrirf^ aXrjKeafiepo^, */29 

ao/ACi' e/ie avfifiaXKtofievop evpi<TKUp, p>€yaXo(f>po(TVprj^ 



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MARCH OF THE raRSIANS. Ill 

ett^fca avTo Bep^^ opvao'etp w£\ev€, €0€Xmp re hOvafkw 
amvSeuew^Oiu, teai fiuffjfio^vva XnreaOau Ilapeoy yap, 
fjurfieva vwov Xafiovra^, top laOfWP ra^ v4a^ Bie^pvcnu, 
opwrarup iieikeve iimpv^Bt t^ OtiKaaw^ dpo^ 109 ^ 
rpiripea^ wkeeiv opuov eKaarpWf^vas* Toiat Si avrour^ b 
ToVTOiai, rolai trep $cai to Spvyfia, vpocereratero xai top 
SrpvfAOPa mrafwp ^ev^praJ^ ye^p&crau Tavra /i€P 
PW OVTO0 iiroiet • vapcurKeva^ero Se teai oirKa e? to? 76- 
ifwpa^ fivfiKufa re /etu X^xoXipov, e/nra^ ^oipi^i re 
KOi ApyvTrrio^a-t tuu atria t^ cTparitQ KoretfiaWitv, tpa 10 
fUfi Xifjifipue ^ {rrparrq, pMfH Ta {nro^pyta ikavpopspa eiri 
TtfP *EKKdia * apcnrv0ojAiepo^ £« tov^ ympov^, KaTofiaK" 
Xetp iKeX£V€ tpa eTriTrfietoTaTov uif^ oXXov aXkr/ ariiviov* 
T<w okKwri Te teal fropOfi/rftoun &e t^ ^Acrlff^ iravTaf)(p' 
0€P. T%p Se &p wXeiiTTOP h AevfiffP *AtcT}jp tcdKeofteprfP it 
T^ Bprfticrf^ offlpeoPt bi Sk e? Tvpohi^op ttjp Ilepipffiotp, 
<M Sc e? Aoplatcop, ol Se h *Ml6pa Trfp etri STpvfuSpt, o! 

$€ €9 M€UC^pilfP BiaT€TayfJL€PO$. 

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112 HBBOD0T08. ( 

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a^ ToSe, ooTt9 v^€Xi;<r€ ^elpui irpoOelpcu arpar^ r^ ep^, OfiSe 



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MABCH OF THE FBBSIANS. 113 

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f ^eof * irXrip oire 69 *A0^iva/i, airn- h AtueeBeUfiova mre- 
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10 am7r6/i^6 (rrl^vTa^ top * EXXrjinroPTOP. *Ep€T€X)<ero Sij 



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MARCH or THB PSBSIANS. 115 

ifp ptnrSltnna^ yJyeiv fiap$apa re mcu aritrSaKa • ** li 
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he wro<l>ava'tP /eareKvrrop r&p rrevrqieovripoyv kclI rpi^ov, 90 
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116 HEEODOTOS. 

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6 ^>uo<; iicKiirav rffv he rov ovpavov SSpfjp, cuf>avij^ ^, 

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" ^£\X^<rt irpoSeuepwL 0&>^ etcKei'^af r&p iroXion/ " ' 

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hrapdek re rouri Sfoprffiaa, i\£a)P rrapa Bep^ea, Skeye 

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jip^ceip ^ TO eSerfOri, etfytf re {nrovpyrfaew, teal Stf ayo- 
peveiv ixekeve orev Seotro. *0 Se, eirel re ravra 

10 l^teova-e, ekeye dap<rriaa^ raSe ' " *S1 Se<nrora, rvyxjipo^ 



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MABCH OF THE PERSIANS. lli 

a-i iwi nra&e^ iovre^ veirre, kcU cr^cu; KaraKa^Pavey 
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Se, & ficurtkeVi ifie €9 to& rfKLKirfi ^Kovra olxreipa^, r&p 
fi4>i iraiBav eva irapaXvaov rfj^ OTpaTrjtrj^, rov irp^crfiv' 
rarov, tva avrov re e/Aev kcu rS>v ^(pepAroiv 97 p^ekehovo^ • 5 
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fi;?, KOi afiei^ero TowrSe* *'*/2 tcaK€ avdpome, cif 
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d^iffu ov Xdp'^eai, eXda<r(o Se rfj^ a^iq^* Se pev yap 
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irpeafivrarop, p^eaop Starapelv huirapopra^ Z4, ra 
Tip4ropa Oioueufai, ro pep eirt ce^ta rrj^ ooov, ro oe eir s» 
ipurrepd • kcu ravry Ste^vevai rop arparop. 

UokfiaoanoiP he rovrtop rovro, pera ravra Steele o 
4rrparo^, ^Hyeopro Se irp&rov p,ep ol axevo^poi re kcu 
ra vrro^vyia • pera Se rovrov^, arparo^ iraproitap effpecop 
MmfAl^, ov SuuceKpipepoi. T^ Se inrepr^plcree; fjaap, 30 



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118 H£BODOTOa. 

iydaJHra hiAkiKevirro * Koi ov ai/vefu^op oiroi PaaCK&, 
Ilpofiyeihrro fihf Stf imronu j^lkioi, ix U^paimv vaanviv 
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TO w^lov TovTo^ "ChrurOe Si rwrmv t&v hixa hnrtov, 

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'Eep^rj^ hr apfuiTo^ tmrcov Nujcuwv wapafi^firjKe Se 

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Uep^* fieretcfiaivea-Ke Be, &ck^ fiLV X0709 alpeoi, ix 
TOV apfiaTo^ €9 apfJLOfjLO^av. Avtov Bie OTriaffev alxfio^ 
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to KaTa vdfAOv Ta9 Xo'yj^a9 expvTe^, Mera Be, tinro^ SXKti 
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ex T&v Xovjr&v Hepaea^v airoXeKeyfievoi /ivpioi. Ovro^ 
ir€^9 ^v • Kcu TovTODV ^i\u>i fiiv eni touti Bdpaat ami 
T&v aavpoyn]p(ov poia^ etxov ^t/o*^, xai wepi^ awe^ 

95 xXi^lov Tov^ aWov^ * 01 Be elvaxurxt\u>i hnro^ tovt<»v 
edvre^, dpyvpea^ poias; elxov. Etxov Be XP^^^^^ poia^ 
xai ol €49 Tifv yrjv TpeirovT&i Ta9 Xo7j^a9, xcu prjKa ol 
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hnro^ TIepaewv fivplij, Mera Be tt^v tTnrov BieXeKeiirTo 

ao K€U Bvo OToBlov^, xcu erreiTa 6 \0t7r09 o/iiKo^ ^ie dvafu^. 



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MARCH OF THE PERSIANS. 119 

'£irof€cro 8e rtip oSop he t^ AvSiff^ 6 trrparo^ ewl re 
mrapiov Kaueov kol yrjv rrpf Mvcritfv • diro Be Eutixov 
ipftfifi/Aepo^, Kamy; opo^ ho^^ ^ dpunrep^, Bm rov ^Arap* 
vea: e? Kapunfv nroKiv. *Airo Sk ravrff^ Bia Br^Pti^ 
irehlav eiropevero, * ArpafJAnrewv re ttoXav kcu "AvravZpov & 
T^ IleKcurfiSa wapafi€il3ofi€vo^» T^ "ISffv Se Xa/9a>v 
•9 apurTepifif xepa, ffie e? ripf 'IXioSa *f^, Kai wptira 
lUu oi xnro ry "ISy vwtra anafJielydUrn ^povrai re teal 
wpfftrnjpe^ eTreunrammo'i, koI riva avrov ravrij cvj(vov 
ifuKov 8U(f>0€ipap. ^ AirvcoiiQwu Se rw (rrparov etri rov h> 
Sicofkavipoif • St irp&TQ^ vorctfi&v, hrel re he SapBiiov 
ippfltfitme^ hre^elpffiaav r^oB^, iireKtTn to peeffpov, ovB* 
airexpfjae ry <rrpafn^ re /ecu roiai icrrpfwt v^ofievo^* 
«ri TovTOP Bti tov Troraaop w wirueero Bep^^j h ro 
IIpuifAov Hipyafiov avefiti^ tfi€pov ^wv Berfaodrdcu, 15 
Setfaaii^ya^ Be, teai irvdafievo^ Kelvfov eteaara, r^ ^AOff^ 
wuy T^ ^IXuiBi edvae /Sov^ j^iXta^ * X"^ ^^ ^ fidyoi 
rourt i)p»<n exeairro, Taura Be voi/ff(rap.evourh wkto^ 
^)3o9 «? TO arparoireBov h^eiretre. ^ApA ri^pff Be eiro^ 
peuero h/devrev, ip apurrep^ fiev of/repytav ^Poireiov^ 
vaKiv K4U ^O^vvetov, /uu AapBavov, ^ep Biri *A^vB<p 
ifuwpo^ coTi * ev Be^^ Be, Tepyida^ Tevicpov^* 

'JSire» S' iyevovTO ev *AfivS<p, ffieKf)ae *Siep^fi^ 
tBeaOcu wdvra rov <rrparov. Em vpoenreirolrfTO yap 
CTi Ko'koivov eiriTffBe^ avr^ ravrtf wpoe^eBprj XWov^n 
Xawcov* hroiffcrav Se ^A/3tfBffvol, hneCKapivov wpo* 
repov fiaaCKeoi. Evdavra (09 hfyro, xaroprnv eirl rrj^ 
^iovo^, eOr)€lro icai rov ire^v kclL ra^ 1/609' 0rf€VfJL€PO9 
Be Ifiipffrf r&p vecjv afJuTsXav yufofikpffv iBeaOai, ^Evel 
B eyevero re kcu hUwov tolviice^ StB<»viOi, tjafffi 7e» 



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120 HEEODOTOS. 

tJ dfitXXr} fccu tJ arpar^y. '/iv Sc wpa iravra im rav 
EXKriinromop wro r&v V€&v diroKexpvfifiepov, frcura^ 
Be To^ atcra^ tcai ra ^AfivS^jp&v ireSia errlvXea avdp^" 
wwp, epOavra B€p^9 ici>vTOP efiatcdpure' fiera Se rovro, 

6 eSoKpvo-e. MaOcDP Be fup *ApTdfiapo^ 6 warpa)^, ^ 
TO irp&Top yp^fi/rp; wir^i^aro eKevOipio^, ov avfifiov 
XeiMDP Uep^ <rrpar€V€<T0<u hri rrpf ^EKKaJBa^ oiro^ 
*afp^p (f>paa0€i^ Bep^ea Bcucpwropra^ &peTO raZe^ "^ii 
PaaCKeVf W iroXv oKKifiKMP Ke)(c»pia-pJpa epyaaao pSv re 

K) KM o\lrf<p TTporepop ; Mcucctpiaa^ yap crecnrrop, BoKpvei^.^ 
*0 Be etire' ***E<TfjKJB€ yap fie Xoyurdfiepop Karoyerei" 
pai m I5paj(y^ elfj i wa^ dp0p<om'ivo^ Plo^» el rovrmp 
ye, eoPTtop roa'ovToi>p, ovBeh e? etcarocrop ero9 irepie- 
OTOA." *0 Be afAeifiero Xeytap* '^^^Erepa roirov irapa 

16 T^ ^dffp ireiropBafLev ohcrpoTepa. *Ep yap oir^ /Spa^^el 
/3lip ovBel^ oirco opOponro^ eonp evBalfuop ire<f>VKe, ovre 
TovTCiP, ovre r&p aXKiop, t^J ov irapa^rTtjo'eTai troWofu^ 
Koi oi/cl aira^ reffpapoi fiovXeaOa^ fjtaKKop tj ^ofeip. At 
re yap avp^pcu Trpo<nrvrrrowTa^ icaX al povaoi (tvp^ 

90 rapda-a-ova-oA, tuu, fipa')(yp eopra fuucpop Boxeeip elpoi 
woieva-L TOP /Slop. OSro) 6 fiep OdvaTo^, A^<>X^/>^ 
eovarj^ t^ ^otj^, tcaTa<f>vyfi aipeTorraTrj t^ av6pdnr(p 
yeyope* 6 Be ffeo^, yXvfcvp yevaa^ top al&po, <f>0opep6^ 
€P avT^ evpuTKeToi €6)i/.'* Hep^i;^ Be afiei/3eT0 X^cop * 

2B *' *ApTdj3ape, fiunrj^: fiep pvp apOpayirrttrjq irepv, ^tvaif^ 
TOULvrt)^ oifjp irep aif Buupeai ehav, iravcrdp^da, fitjSe 
KoxSyp fi€p,pe(iofi€0a, j^prjara ej^oirrc? irprffpMra ep X^P^^ 
^pcurop Be fioi roBe. El to* 17 o^jn^ tov hnmpiov firj 
evapyr^ ovt<o hfxipf), el^i^ op Trp/ ap^alr)P ypo^p/rjp, ot/c 

») imp fie arparevecBac eni t^p ^EXXdSa, tj fierecmi^ av ; 



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MABCH OF THE PERSIANS. 121 

^€pe fAot TOVTO drpexew^ eiW." *0 Se dfieifierd Xirfmv 
**^il ficurtXev, 5^*9 fiev fi em^xtveia'a rov ovelpov, w 
fiovXofieOa dfA(l>oT€poi, reXeuTTjcreie, Eyoa Z en k<u 
€9 roZe BelfULTo^ cl/u viroTrXeo^, ovS' hno^ efieavrov • 
SXKa T€ 'TToXXa mXeyofievo^, /ecu Sff kcu opeav roi Svo h 
ra jneyurra Trdvrotp eovra iroKefu^raTa.^^ Sep^ Be 
9rpo9 raOra dfielfiero rolaSe* ** AcupiAviA avSpwv, /coia 
ravra X^yet^ etvcu Svo fJLoi iroKefiMrnvra ; Korepd roi 
o 7r€(^9 fUfiirw Kara to irXSjffd^ eoTi, kcu to *EXkfpf^ia>p 
trrpdrevfJLa <f>alv€Tai TToXKavKrjo'iop Saecrffai rov ^fAer^" lo 
pov; ^H TO vavTueov to ripJrepov Xeiyfrea-Ooi tov hceiviav; 
^H iccu {TwafJufHyrepa ToXha; El yap toi Tourp ei/SccIjTe- 
pa <t>alv€T€U etvcti tcl fip^epa vprf^fiaTa^ trrpaTOv av aX- 
Xov Tt9 Tfjiv Tayymiv a^epaiv iroiolToJ^ *0 S afAeifiero 
Xeytov • " a ^curiXev, ovre oTpaTOV tovtov Strri^ ye ib 
aupeciv ^ei fiep^iT ap, ovre t£v pe&p to ifkfido^ * 
^ he irXevpa^ ayXKe^, Ta Bvo toi, Ta Xeyto, woXK^ 
in iroXefuorrepa ytpeTcu. Ta & Svo Taiha, e<m yfj t€ 
tcai ffaXcuraa. Ovt€ yap Ttj^ OoKao'inj^ eari "Kt^firfp 
TOirovTO^ ovSafJLoffh w eyi> eucd^, S<m^ eye^pofiepov 9o 
yupMPO^t Be^dfiepo^ trev tovto to povtucop, <l>€p^yyvo^ 
eoTOA Buurcatrai to^ pea/^. Kal toi ovtct ipa avrop Sel 
elpa^ TOP XifiepOt dxXa irapa iraaap TrfP tpreipop, wap* 
f^p Sff KOfilecu. OvK &p Stf ioPTWP toi TufUp^p vTroSe- 
^ioiP, fiAde OTi aX crvfMf>opal t&p dpOpwiro^p apj(pvint Koi m 
ovKi ^aipdp^yrroi tS>p avp^pirop^ Kok £^, t&p Svo toi 
TOV erepov elprjp,€Pov, to erepop €pj(pfuu epeoDp, Tfj Se 
iroXe^f) T^Sc' TO* KaTurTaTo^ • el iOekei toi fitfSep dpTi" 
^OOP KaTaaTr]paif Tocrovrtp toi ylveTcu woXefucmeprj, Safp 
OP irpoPaiprp eteaoTepoi}, to irpdaa) alel KKeirrofiepo^ • ao 
u 



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122 HBR0D0T08. 

ehrfyii^lf)^ yap oitc (Urn, aw6p%»woia$ aiStpJa w\MiO£p9f, 
Keu dif TtH, w ouScw epavTpevikOfoVt Xeyc$ r^ X^^P^^* 
irXevva ep wXewi TCP^^'V jivop^tn/p^ XipMP re^eaffau 
*Aprip Se ovTt» &p 6H7 apsKrro^, e! fiovXevofiepo^ pip, ^^** 

• Seoi, trap eir^ueyopepo^ Treiaecrdtu XF^ff^ ip Se r^ ^P7T 
Bpaaif^ eri;/' ^Apelfimu Uep^ To2<rS€ * ** ^Aprdfiap€t oi« 
/terror pip (ri ye rovrmv icOfrra Buupmi* arap pofre irdp^ 
ra il>o0eo, prjre irop opou$^ iwiXiyeo, El yap S^ fiai^ 
Xoio em T^ olci ewea^popipip vpvffpam to irSof opoiam 

H^ eirikeyeaOm, wtntjo-eun iof wSapa oiBep' Kpicrtnv Be, 
vopra dapaioprct, ffpMrv t&p SesfAp iratrxetp paXXop, ^ 
'/rap 'XpfjpA irpoSe$paiPOPTBt pitfiapa p/rfSep iradeip. El he 
epi^p vpo^ irav to Xeyopepop, p^ to fiefieuop atroSe^et/f, 
cr^oKKje^Oai i<f>e£Kei^ ep avTola% opolm^ luu o inrepapTia 

15 TovTouTi Xcf<K. TovTO pkv pvp CTT* loufi €^8^ ElBipai 
ie avOpiOTTOP eoPTa io&^ j(ptj to fi^fioiop ; AoicLio pip 
ovSapw^. Tola-i toIpvp fiovXopepoi^n iroUeip, (09 t» 
hrvrrav ^CXJeei ylvea-diu tu mpBem * Toic^ Se hriXeyopi* 
pouri t€ iravTU icai wepeSci, ov pdka i0e\€^ ^Op^ ra 

so TIepakfffP irprfjpm-a e? S ivpopu^ Tpo§cex»pV'^f ^^ Toipvp 
hcelpoi ol TTpo epeS yepdpepoi ficuriKeef yptipjfai e^peoPTO 
opoifftri Koi av, t} ptf jfpeopepo^ ypeip^i TOiovrffap^ 
aXXoti9 avpfiovKov^ et^pp touwtov^, ovte op Kore elSsf 
avra h tovto TrpoeXffopra* pup Se kipSvpou^ opop^ 

m pprrreoPTe^, e? touto <r<l>ea wpoTjyayoPTO* M^aKa yap 
TTprff/yLaTa peyoKoiO'i, Kip&upouru ^ekei tcarroipeeadae^ 
^HpeU Toipvp, 6poi€vp€Poi KeiPouT^t &pffp Te tov ereoq 
KoXXumfp iropevopeffa, /eai KorcurTpey^dpepoi vaaav t^ 
Evpar/rrfPt pooTTjoropep oirlcfo, oStc \ip^ anruyipTe^ 

dO ovSapoOi, ovre aXko a^afii iradoPTe^ ovBep* Toirro fjtep 



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MABCH 09 THB FBRSIANS. 123 

Se, TW OP Hotf hrifiik^fifv yfju km S0po^, rorro»y ivp 
avrov l^fA€V * iir apeirrjpa^ Be, leal ov pofjbaiai^, {rrpa* 
TtvofiLe$a avipa^.^^ Aeye$ ^Aprdfiavo^ fiera ravra * 
***fl fiatrCkev, ewei t€ apJM&i^w oiSiv if^ irpfjjfia, aif Si ^ 
fMtv trvfAfiiwXirfp IpSeftu * avajKoUt^ yap iyet^ ^^P^ iroKr 
TiAv wp/ffffjuirwv irXevva \ijov itcrwai. Kvp&9 o Kjofi^ 
^wr^» ^Imvhjjv Traaa^, ^X^ * ABfjjvaUnv, Mare^Tpe^^aro 
Saa-fMH^pm^ Afoi Hipejfeu iWrot^ &y Totr9 oifBpaf 
iTVfi/SovXeym ro& fjujSefu^ /A^m^ SjttM eni rov^ irarepa^ * lo 
tcai yap aveu ravrmp otol re Hfiw tAp ij(j9pip /earwrep- 
TWpoi ylv€a8ai. ^H yap a^eaif, fjiP hrmnai^ Sel dSucm' 
Tarov9 yivetrScUf icmaSev\ovfA€Povf rrpf ymfrpiiroKaf, ^ 
hiKOwrofrtAf^t <rvpek€u0€pothrra^4 ^ABimmraroi, i^ev wp 
yipofispoi, oviip §Upho^ M^T^ ^A^ wpocfiaXKova-h* hiMUO' is 
TOTot Se yipo/iewo$, otoi re hrp^auaBtu fMeyaXm^ r^ a^p 
arpartiip yivoprat. '£9 OvfjLsv Zv fiaXev km ro iraXaiop 
eir09« <D9 eZ elpffrcu^ ro /Avj ifia ap^ ttop re\o^ Kara" 
^aipecrOoL^^ ^Afieifieroi Wfm ravra &6pff;9* "^Aprd-* 
fiape, r&p aare^poo ypf»pimp a^XKeai Kara ravnjp fi^ w 
fuiXtara, S9 "Ici^pqi^ if>ofiiM fmi pLerafiaKMiH * r&p iyppMf 
ypwfjM fAeyt<rrov, r&p av re fJMprv^ yipeah, Koi a! awrrpa- 
reva-dfiepoi Aapeup oXXo* eai ^Kvda^ iri hrl rovroun 
fl rrtura Ilepa-iKff arpariJi eyepero, Sia^Oelpai Koi irepir 
rrotffjaa^ ol he SiKfuoavpr/p Koi ir^rrcnyra ipehwcav, 91 
af)(api he ovhep. Hape^ Se r^tirov, hf t§ Vf'^^py Kara^ 
Xmropra^ rexpa re Koi yvpcMca^ Ktu xprip^vra^ ovh* 
emXeyeaffcu XPV v^dnepop ri iroitiaew. Ovrm firfSk 
rovro ^>ofieo, cCkXa Ovfwp e)(<a)p ayaffop, a&^e oIkop re 
rov ifwp, Koi rvpapplha rrfp e^rfp • croi yap eya> uavpfp 80 



eK iraprtop afcrprrpa ra ifia hnrpairco. 



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124 HEBODOTOS. 

Tc&ra etTTo^, kcIX ^Aprafiopov airo<rretKa^ e; Sowra, 
Seirepa fiereirdfi'^ro Uep^ JJepaktov rov^ ioKiiiMra- 
TOW. 'JSttc* Ze ol vaprjaav, eXeye <rif>i rdSe* "*/J 
nepacu, T&vS* eya vpimv XPV^'^^* a-uviXe^a, avhpcu^ re 
B yiveaffeu ayaOov^, kcu /m^ icarcuayyvew ra irpoadev 
epycuTfUya Ilepajfa'^ eovra fieyoKa re kcu iroXKov a^icu 
'ilXX* €?? T« UcooTCK /wu ol avpmovTe^ irpoOvfUffp e)^ft>- 
fJL€if ^twov yap rouTO iraat a^a0ov avevBercu. T&vSe 
Se €iv€/ea wpoctyopewo avT€j(€a0€U rod TroXefxov hrrera" 

10 p^vw^ * C09 yo>p eyoi iruvdavopM, eir avBpa^ {rrparevo" 
p£0a dytiOov^ * r&v t}v Kpartja-mp^v, ov p^rj rt9 VH^ 
a\Xo9 arparo^ avrurr^ teore dvOpoyrrav. Nvv Be Sta- 
fiaivwp^ep eirev^dp^epoi Toun Oeoun, A IlepaiSa yfpf 
TsjeXoyycuru^ Tauvqv p€V rrfv rip^ptp; irapaaKevd^ovTO 

15 €9 Tfjv Btdfiaaiv. Ty Be vtrrepalff avipevov rov t^Kiov, 
€0eXx)vre^ iBeaOcu avia^ovra^ Ovfurjpard re iravrota eifi 
rS)V y€<l>vp€€»v Karayi^ovre^, km p^paanfau aropyvvre^ 
rrjp oBov. */29 B* hravereXXe 6 ffkio^, avevBfov he 
j^ucr€i79 (f>idXfj^ Uep^ff^ h rrfv OdKaa-a-av, ev^ero irpo^ 

20TOI/ riXiov, p/qBepIav ol <njvnr)(yriv rouLwriv yeveaOcu, ^ 
pip wavaet Karturrpey^xtaffcu rrjv Evpdmjv irporepov ^ 
e/rl reppaci rolai, eKelvrf^ yevf/rcu. Ev^apspo^ Be, eo-e- 
fioKe rifv <l>iaKrjv h rov * EXXrjawovrov, kcu 'xpvtreov Kpri^ 
rfjpa, KCU IlepcruMV f /^9» rov cuavcucqv KaXeovau Tav^ 

25 ra ovK i)(a drpeKem^ BuHcplvcu, ovre ec r^ ^\i<p dvari" 
ffeh KarfJKe €9 to weXayos, ovre e$ perepekfjae ol rov 
*E\Xri<nrovrov pcumya>a'curr$t kcu cuni rouroDV rifv Ba^ 
\curerav eBcopeero, Jfl^ Be ravra ot eireiroiriro, Bie^cuvoi' 
Kara pev rrpf ereptfv rwv ye^vpetov rqv trpo^ rov Uojrroi 

» o 7r€jo9 re kcu i} itttto^ aircura • Kara Be vqv 'rpo^ ra 



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MAECH OF THE PERSIANS. 125 

Aijeiw ra {nro^vyta xeu ^ Oepamijtrf. ^Hyeovro Si wpH- 
ra fi€v H fwpioi Ilepa-cu, eoTeffxiumfiepoi irdvre^^ fiera 
Se rotmv^, 6 avfifwcro^ arparo^ TravTolmv ^Bvetov. Tav' 
njv fiiv T^ VP^pV^ ovTOi. T^ Se varepai'p, irpSnoi fikv 
oi T€ tTnroTOf, kcu ol ra^ Xoyxa^ Karw rperrovre^ • ecrrc- 6 
qxjafwvro 0€ kcu ovtoi * fiera 0€, oi re vmroi o* ipoi, km 
TO apfJLa TO tpov • errt be, auro^ re Uep^ kcu oi cuxf^uh- 
^poif Koi ol ImroTOA ol j(tXM>u ^Eirl Se Tovroicrv^ 'o 
SlKKo^ crpaTo^ * km al vfje^ elfjLa avijyovTO e? t^v airevav^ 
Tiop, "Hhri Se YfKovca km varaTov SuififjpM ISaatXea lo 
wairrcoK Uep^ Be, eirel re ite^rj €9 tt^v Eipdirrfp, 
€07}€iTo TOP orpaTOP wro fuurri^iop StajSaiPOPTCu Atefiff 
Se 6 <npaT09 airrov ep errra rjfiepj^i km €P eirra ev^po- 
vpa-i, hupvaa^ oxfhkpa jfpopop. ^EpOavra Ticyercu, Bep- 
^60) i]Sfii Sui/BefifjKOTO^ TOP *E\XrjawopTOp, apSpa uirelp is 
*E\Xrj<nroPTiop • " Si Zcv, tI S^ dpSpl elBdfiepo^ Ilepa^, 
KM ovpofia dpTi Ji09 Hepfea Oe/iepo^, dpcurraTOP Ttfp 
*BXKaSa eOeXei^ iroirjerM, ay<op iraPTO^ dpOp^ov^ ; Kdi 
yap opev tovtkop e^fjp toi wotecip raSro." 

*/29 Se Zik^KTCof vapT€^9 e? oSop a>pp/rf/j£Poia'i Tepa^so 
trif>b €<l>dpf) fieya, to Bcp^ ep ovSepl \dy^ hroiriaaTo, 
KM irep evavfifiKrfTOP eop * pmro^ yap erexe Xayop. 
EvavfifikrfTOP &P TyBe tovto eyepero, &r$ e/AcXXe pip eKop 
oTpaTi/tfp eiri ttjp 'EWaBa Sep^? ayavpoTora km fieya- 
XoTrpeireoTaTo, oirUno he irepX etovrov Tpe)(wp fj^eip e? as 
Tov axnop %a>poi'. ^Eyepero Be km frepop axn^ Tepcp;, 
eoPTk €P XapBurv rjfiiopo^ yap erexe r}p>iopop Bi^a e^ov 
<rap aiZola, ra p,ep, epaepo^, to. Be, Orpierj^* KaTvirepOe te 
ffp Ta Tov epaepo^. TS>p ap^oreptop \dyop ovBepa wotiy- 
aofiepo^, TO irpoaa erropevero * avp Be ol o 7r€^9 CTpa* ao 
11* 



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126 HEBODOTOa 

TO?. *0 & pauTuo)^ $9 raif *JBx X ' 4 tfv my m j/ nXdrnt, vis 
pa ffrjv ieofUfyrOf ra iiMnraKof irprfacvfv rov ire^^bv* *0 
fjiev yap irpo^ itm^pfj v ewXee, etrl Sapfnj^hj^ itcpff^ r^ 
anri^ wonevfiOH}^, «? rffv drr^ wpo^lptjTo cnriKOfjutif^ ««^ 

f ptfJLOfeiv* o fie mar i^mLpop crparo^ irpo^ rfA re xm fjKMV 
avaroKa^ hrottero rrfp oSw &a rfj^ Xepaovi^v, hf fiifi^ 
fiev €)(m¥ Toy ^EXKrft^ rcufxnf rlj^ *A0afiavTo^t ip apurr€p^ 
fie Kaphirfv woKof. Aul fUatf^ fie iroptvofi€ifo^ woXm^, r$ 
oSivofta rvjx^i^^ ^v 'Ayoptj, etfBwrmf fie icJipnrrw rw 

^KoKmw Tor ^ikava mK^fmpov* mi Mikaafa m-OTopMP, 
WK auTuryiwra rcrre ry arparii^ ro pMpov, aXX* ejriknrow 
TO, TovT^v rov worafwp iiafiofs, ejr av tuu 6 tnXtro^ au^ 
T09 ri/v emowfjuffp exi^i, IjU irpo^ ieiripfpf, Ahfip rt troKuf 
JloKtZa K€U SremopiBa "Kifiwffif Trape^uiv, e? S anrUero t? 

IS AoplaKov. *0 fie Aopiaico^ &m rSj^ Spfjjbcffi aiyioK^ 
Te 4C€U ireoMV fi&fa' omi oe mnov piei worofLO^ furya^ 
^Efipoq. *Ev T^ T^xii^ re eSeSfM^ro PaaCkr^Unf, rovre to 
£ij Aopiaito^ tUKKfrnUf koH Tl^pv^mf j^povp^ ip air^ 
Karearrifcee vtto AofHov ^ itctipov rov ypoww ere/ re 

m inn StcvAiK wrptnevero. 

"ESo^ &v r^ 'SUp^ff X^po^ tlpoi ^irvrqieo^ ipStarJi^a^ 
Te Kol ipcLpiBpfj^nu rov trrptrrop' feat eiroUe ravra. To? 
li€P S^ v4(K ra^ vroou^ amucofiipa/i e? Aopl^mop, ol pauap- 
yp^ K€kMV9KPro^ H^pfy^, i^ rop ciyuLhuop rop wpo^r^yoa 

S6 Aopurtup ifcofua-a^ • ip r^ Sa>jfi re Xafio&pffittiri iretroki" 
artu irokt^ fcai Zdvf)* rekevraia fie avrov, SippeioVp cucpri 
ovofMurrt}' i fie x&po^ ovro? to iraKatov fy Kucop»Pk *S^ 
rovTov ivp euyiaXjov tcarcurxovre^, ra^ v4at; opi^vyop 
dp€\tcu<rapr€^, *0 Be ip r^ AoplaKtp rovrop rop ypipop 

80 T^ arpoTirj^ apiOfiop iiroUero. ^Otrop p^f pup iica4rroi 



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FREPABATI0N8 09 THB GBEEEa 127 

ov yap X^ytrmt ir/>o? ovSofAW apOprnirmv * trvfiiraano^ Sc 
Tov <rrpar6v rov we^ov to irXSjOo^ i^nivff ifiBofiriKCvra 
4UU eKOTOp fAvpioBe^. *El(ffpidfMf)cm^ & rovSe tip rpoirov. 
Svpayayavrei e? &a x^P^^ fwpuiSa avOptinrmv, icai ^war • 
(a9T€^ ravTffp A^ lAoKurra et^oy, nepi^pa-^^uf e^nOep 
KvkKov w€p4fypaoftaifTe^ Se, tuu anrtme^ rov^ fM/piov^, 
mfUL<n^ mpUficChMv tcwra rwf jswcXop, vyfto^ aan^vaa^ 
^ufSfi e? rov ofA^HJiKov. Tavnpf Si iromyo-orr^?, oXXov? 
wefiififi^v 69 TO w€ptoyoiA)fMffA€PCP • fkixp^ ov iraana^ lo 
voMry T^ rpafr^ ifffplBfUfo-iw* *Api6fufiaairr€9 Be, tea" 
ra Sffpea &«ra^<ror. 



IV. PREPARATIONS OP THE GREEKa 
(PoLYBfNiA VII. 139-162, 169, 172-174.) 

*H & 0Tpa7fiKaffuf 17 fiaa-tXeo^ owofia fjtev €l)(e w 
err* ^A0tiva^ ekavvei, tearUro Se e? ircurav t^v ^EKKoZcu 
nwOavifkmfoi Sk ravra vpo iroXKov ol *'EXXffP€^, ovk h if 
ifici^ vaarre^ eiromwro* Oi fiiv yap a;uT&v, Sovre^ yij/v 
T€ Kok uS«p T^ Ileptryt fl^pp Bapao^ m ovSkv weiaop^epoi 
i%apA 7rpo9 roS jSapfiapov oi Be, ov Bopre^, ep Beifiari 
fLeydk^ leafreffToaav, are ovre pe&p eovamp ep r^ *£XXa- 
& opuBfAOP a^iOfiaj(,^v BetceaOa* top ernovra, ovre fiovXo' $0 
lUpmP T&p voXKcip aPTa/TTTeaOai tov woXefiov, paiSi^PTcop 
Be irpoOvpM^. *Ep0avTa dpo/ytccujf e^epyofjuu yvdfAffP 
euroBe^aa0€u, iwi^ovop fiep vpo^ tSxp irXeoPWP apOpd- 
WMP' ^Mk>9 Be, T^ ye fjMi ^oo^erot elpoi aXriOe^, ovk 



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hntryT^ta. Ei ^AOrp^euoi, fcarappofSriaavTe^ rov ejnovra 
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fieyaXa, aireOavop yewam^. ^H ravra &v enaOov • ^ irpo 
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vtav ov ivvafuu TTvOeaOiu ^49 civ ^p, ficuriXeo^ eirucpa" 
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ya»i/ aarffpof: yeviaOeu rffi *£XXaSo9> ovk cbf dfiaprdpoi 

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TO 7u)i7rdp, oaop fifi efirj^ure, avrol ovroi ffo-av ol eire- 
yelpapre^, Koi fiaaiXea fierd ye Oeov^ apfoa-dfiepou 

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dXXd KarapLeipavre^ aveaypvro rop ernovra hri rriv 
X^pV^ Be^acOcu, 

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PBEPABATIONS OF THE GBEEES. 129 

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Ot irov Dvv Idpwrt p€ovfitvoi iirnJKoa-if 

AcZ/ior* iroXX<(ft«'Oi * Korit d' iKporaroig ^pAf^toun 

AI)mi fttkav K€xyT<Uy npoilAp KOK&njros aif6yK.ag, 

*AXX' troy c{ d^oio^ kokois d* hnxUiwaTM 6vp6w. 

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i^PV '^ fieyi^TTi expetopTO. IIpofidXKovai Be a<f>€a^ av^ 
Toxj^ VTTO rov KOKOV Tov Kcxprfafievov, Tlfjuav 6 AvSpO" 
fiovXov, rS>v AeKif>S)v avr^p Soxt/ju)^ ofioia r^ /LtaXiorOy 
avpefiovXeve <T<f>^ iKenjpias Xafiovah Sevrepa avri^ ikffop^ 
ra^ j^pacffac r^ yjpnfi<rrripi(p 1^9 I/rera9. Iletffofievotcc Se 90 
ravra roiai ^AOrfvaloia-t, kcu Xiyovci " Hvaff j^pijcop 
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repa roBe' 

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2ol dc T6d^ aZris hros iptto, dddpavn ir€\wr<ra£ • 

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*£yr6ff tx^h Kfv6pa>u re Kidcup&vos {a0€oio, 



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130 HSBOPOTO& 

Tci;(Oc T/MToyryci (fkuww didot tvpvoira Zt^ 

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HoKkhv an rjwtlpav irrpQerhv ^(rvxos^ aXX* vnox^pfUf 
• NtfTov iwurrpe^ag, "En roi Kori xawrios to-aji. 

*0 Bdrj ZaXa/us, airoXeir dc ait T€K»a yvpaucmw^ 
"H vov (riudvafjLftn)s ArjfjJfTfpos, tj trwtownis, 

Tavrd aif>i, ^uirepa yap rAv wporepfov tuu tjv kcu 
eSoxee etvcu, avyypa'^dfievoi, airaXKao'aovro €9 to? 

W*il^ijya9. */29 Se aireKJBovre^ ol OeoTrpovo^ amff^^Kov 
€9 Tov ifjfiovt yvifjuu Kcu a\X(u iroXKaX eytvomo St^rffAe- 
imp TO lujunrfi&v, imu tSi^ awea^niKvuu lAoKurrct. Twv 
frpea-fivrepwp ikeyov fAere^erepoi, BoicietP tr^ top 0&>p 
T7JP oKpoTToXip XPV<^^ wepUaeaOa^. *H yap dtcpoiroXi^ 

JS TO vaXai tSw *A0ffP€O9P pVXV ^€<f>pcucTO * oi fiep irj 
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etpoi, Ol S* ai ekeyop to^ pia^ arf/uupetp top Oeop, km 
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n0dXK€a0M, XeyoDP ToidSe' "El €9 *A0rjpaiov^ €t)(€ to 



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PB£FABATK)KS OF THE GBEEKS. 131 

li Oeiq SaXafU^* etirep ye l/ieXKov oi oLtifroptf? dfjuf^ 
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itcaoTO^ Sdxa hpayj/^^* Tore OefJuaTO/ckerj^ aviyvfoae 
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fAov Tov irpof; AlyiPijTa^ Xeyav. Ovto9 yap 6 'TroXefio^ 90 
avara^ iatoae Tore t^v *£XXa&i, aiHVfKaaa^ doKounrlov^ 
yevdcOat ^Afffjvaiov^, Al Se, 69 to fjiev eiroiTiBtfcav, ovic 
expi^ffTjcav ' €9 Beov Se ovr<o Ty *EXXaSi eyevovro. 
Avral re iri aX vee^ rouri A07jvaMuri frpoTroirjOeurcu 
vTTTJpxpv, erepa^ re eBee irpoavavntfyeeaOcu, "EBo^eM 
re <T(f>t, fiera ro j^/MyoTTjptoj' fiovXevofievoun, eiriAvra 
hri rrjv ^EXXaSa rov ^dpfiapov Sexeadcu ryai vrjvai 
travSrjfiei, r^ 6e^ ireiOop^vov^t afia *EXX7ivo»v rolai 
fiovXop.epo^au Ta fiep Brj ^f^^'^P^ ravra rouri AOrj-' 
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132 HEKODOTOa 

SvTCKeyofUimp fie e? rcouro rw vepi r^ ^EXKti^ 
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irpSnov fA€V j(fyrjfiaro9V iramtov tcaraXKiaaeaOcu rw^ re 

6 €X^P<K ^ T0V9 fcar aXK-qXov^ copras iroke/wv^. ^Hcop 
Se irpo^ riva^ kcu ciXKov^ eyKejfprffuvoi • 6 Se &p fiiyir 
cro^, ^AOrfvcuourl re kcu Alyivrrr^u Mera Be^ irwOawl' 
fievoi Sepfea aw r^ arpar^ etvou hf SapBurt, efiovXev* 
aauTO KarcuTKOTTOv^ irdijmeiv e? rrpf *Aciriv r&v ficunXeo^ 

10 irpTiyfiaTc^v • €? Apyo^ re dyyiXov^, ofJLcujQUffP awdff^ 
cofieuov^ npo^ TOP Ilepafpf, tccii e? SiKeklijv aXKov^ mp^ 
ireiv irapa TeKtova rov AewopAveo^t h re KepKupop, 
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p£yd\a eKeyero etpai, oviapk&p *E!\KrjpueS)P t&p ov woX^ 
"XJop p.€^(o, *I2^ Be TavTa a'<f>i eBo^e, KaraXvcafiepoi to^ 
eyOpcb^, irpSna fiep KaTa^Korrois irepmovai 69 Trpf Aaiffp 

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fiaOopre^ tt^p /ScurtXeo^ aTparirp/, 09 eircukrroi, eyepopro, 
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dnrrffOPTO (09 dvoXevfiepou Kcu Totci fiep KoroKeKpiTO 
6dpaT0<;. Uep^ Be (09 eiruOero Toiha, fiep^Oeis tS>p 

25 oTpaTfjycip ttjp ypwfAfjp, irep/irei, tS)p tipo^ Bopv<f>dp€op, 

€PT€(Xdp.€P0<i, tjP KaToXd/ScM-i T0V9 KaTCUTKOTTOV^ ^SiPTO^, 

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T^Pop, KCU rjyop €9 o^iv t^ fiaaiXio^ • to epOevrep, 

*irv0dp>€po^ hr ohrt ^"XjOop, exeXeve aff>ea^ tov9 Bopv<f>opox^ 

80 irepuiyopTa^ einZelKPvtrdcu irdpra re top rre^p aTparop 



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PEEPARATIONS OP THE GREEKS. 133 

suu Tfjp tmrop * erreav Se ravra OrjeufAepot Stoav 7r\i7/o€e9» 
amnriinreuf h t^ hv cevtoI eOekaxrt X^P^^ aaivda^. 
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€(fyrf, dtcovaupra^ tov9 ^'EXKriPOi^ ra icovrov irfyrfyfiara, 
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iSiffp ekevOeplffP, kclL ovrm ovSe Seria-eiP err avrov^ arpa-: lo 
rrjKareopra^ Trprfyfiara e^eip.^^ Ohee fie avrov avrq ^ 
yp^fMI T^ ye oKKr/. ^Ewp yap hf ^A^vS^ o Uep^, 
etSe irXoia €k rov Hoprov cvropfmya BieKTrXwopra rop 
*EKKrfairoprop, e? re Aiytpap Koi IleXoTropprfcop KOfu^o^ 
uuepcu Ol fiep iri irapehpob avrov, m errvOovro woXe/ua is 
elpcu ra irkoia, erolfioi ffcav alpee^p avrd, ea-fikerropre^ 
€9 rop fiaaiXea, OKore irapayyeKeeu *0 Be Sepfi;^ 
elpero avroiSt oieq irXeoiep' ol Si ehrap^ "'JB? tov9 cov^ 
woXeiuov^t & Secnrorat atrop ayopre^J*^ *0 Be {nroXa/Sayp 
&fnf * '' OvK &p /eaX rj/ieU exel wXeofiep, SpOairep koI ovroi, 90 
rolai re aXKour^ i^prvfUpo^ kcu trLrtp ; Tl Bfjra aZi^ 
xeovai ovroi, ^fup ctrla wapatcofju^opre^ ; " Ol fiep pvp 
tcarda-KOTTOi, ovrm OetfO'dfAepoi re tcai aftmrefA^depre^, epo- 
arffcap €v rr/p Evponrqp. 

Ol Be avpu>fiora4 ^EiXKripmp erri r<p Tleparf, fiera rifp as 
anroTrefiy^iP rSiP Kara^TKoir^p^ Bevrepa errefiirop e? "Apyo^ 
ayyikov^. ^Apyeloi Be \eyovai ra tear eajvrov^ yepe- 
a0ai opBe • irvOeaBoA yap avrUa Kar ap^a^ ra e/c rov 
fiapfiapov eyetpofAepa eifi rrjp ^EiXXaBii. HvOdp^epoi Be, 
X€U ptoBopre^ &9 <rff>e4t^ ol "EXKr^pe^ wei^aoprai wapa" ao 
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134 HEB0D0T06. 

Xafifiavovr^ eiri roy Ilepaip^t wdfir^xu Seo i r po i r m n «r 

trrov weieSin yeyeWoA* wem<ni yap a^eoMf T€0pmmi 

< 'ilyofoi^/o^iSaw." TAifBe £17 eureKa nrtpm-ew rip Se 
TlvOUpf hretpmrinn, airol^i aif€S£w raSe • 

10 Tairra piv t^ IlvSirjp 'XpffroA rrporepov • /iera SI, iw 
iKffeiv T0W9 djy^kov^ i^ Sff ro "Apyo^, eireKOeuf «r* to 
l3ovXevrripiov, tuu Xeyeiv ra ivreraXp^ofo. Tois Si irpo9 
ra Xeyop^va viroitplvturdeu, w " erolpoi €uri *Apyeio^ 
rroidew ravra, rpii^ovra erea e^iftfinpf mrckr^^ucMM Aatee^ 

y^ Bfupovi4H4TL, Kcu ^ye6p£tfai Kara ro ^pAov irda^ r^ 
avp,p<v)(lfi^ • Koi roi tcara y€ ro Zuuuov yiifeaOcu r^ 
riyep^virjv eavrSfp, oXX' ^/m»9 cr^ dwoxpav Kara ro 
ffp44rv ^eofuvourtJ^ Tavra pkf T^eyovai ripf fiovK^v 
vrroKptvaaBai, Koi rrep arrayopeuotrm o^ rov xp^or^ 

m plov pjf woU^adai rifv rrpo^ rov^ EXXajpo^ avp,paj(ujv * 
airovSffv Se e)(€ip ottopSo^ yeveaOai rpwfKovraerAKp 
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^69 dv8p<a0wai i» rovroun roun Sreai * ptf Be owovSemv 
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m ycyovori kok^ SxKo irraia'fjM irpo^ tw Ileptnfp, p^ij ro 
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dbPOirScu, K(u Brf Xeyeip, a<f>i pep elpai Bvo fiacikim^t 



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PREPARATI0K8 OF THE GREEKS. 135 

Apf/elouri $€ &a * ^vmmv Stmarfov cImu r&u itc Smi/ynj^ 
miSerepov irawnu rtfi ^efwviff^. Mera & Suo tw 
a^er^poiv ifjLo^^rf^MUf t6v Apytiop elwu, KfoKutw ovScv/' 
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riftjT^v T^ wXMove^ifi¥f aXX' ikAaOoL fiJaKKov iiro rSav* 
fiapfidp^v ipx€<rdai, ^ ri vvet^ AmsceSaifiopioun • 
wpoeivelv re roun dyyeKouri, vpo Bwro^ ^Xiav aTraX- 

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^ U^p^ mepf^ sa^pvxa €9 "Apyo^, wpcrtpov 17 
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^ toStov \ey9T€u Airtu * ** "Ajtipf^ ^Apyeioi fioffiKei/^ 
Uep^ ToSe vp2v Xeyei. *HpyAs vopd^fiev lUpanfv 10 
ctmuy av oS viP'W yeyovafs^cvt iraSZa Hepaeo^ rov 
Aaviprf^t yey^pora €k t^ KrfKJyeo^ Ovyarpo^ *Avhpop,4^ 
hfj9. OStco hv &v elfjfjtei/ vfAerepoi anroyovou Ovre &v 
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yepeaOaif aXKa irap vpiv avroun v^n/X^ijp exppTiK /earfj- 
<r$aL ^Hv yap ifjLoi yeinfrai /cara voov, ov8afjLOV9 fie^ 
V€V9 vfjtemv o^." Tavra dtcovaavra^ ^Apyeutv^ Xeyeriu 
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\0phf0v9 fiercurieiv * eirei Be cif>€a^ vapakapfiavuv rov^ as 
EiXXrfva^, 0^(0 Srj, eirurrapivov^ Sri, ov p,eraBiia'ov(n t^ 
apX^ AatceScup^vtoij p^eratreeiv, tva ein irpo^taaio^ 
t7oi;^/i;y ay<o<rL Sv/Aveaelv Be rovrouri, km rovBe top 
X<4yoi> Xeyoval rwe^ ^BXKripoiv, iroXKouri ereai iarepop 
yep^lAmtov TOVT09V, Txr^eiv hf Sovtroi^n roun Me/Apo^ 9 



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136 HERODOTOa 

vlouTi ioPTCK erepav irprfyfuvro^ eivtica aryyeXjov^ ^Adff^ 
vaiAv, KaKklrfv rt rov ^IinrovUov, kcu tov9 fiera tovtov 
dpafidmaii* *Apy€iov^ Se, top ovtov tovtov j(p6vov 
irefiy^avTo^ km tovtov^ e^ Souaa ofyyeKov^, elpcrrop 
f ^ApTCL^ip^a Tov Hepfectf ** e» <r^i en, efifievei r^ irpo^ 
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etvac iroXefUoi,** BaaCKea Se *ApTa^€p^€a " pAXurra 
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<f>iXu0T€pT)v*** Ei fiev VHP Sep^ Te am-eirep^^ Toma 

10 Xeyoin-a icrjpvKa h Apyo^, /ecu ^Apyewv ofyyeKoi dvajSdv 
re9 €9 Sovaa hreipantov ^Apra^ep^a irepl <f>iXiri^, ovfc 
i)(<o aTpetcita^ ehrac • ovSe Tiva yvip/qv irepi aur&v airo" 
^aivofuu oKK/qv j€ fj Tiqv irep ainoi *Apy€iot Xeyovau 
^EwlarapLOi 8e tocovto, Sti, el vavre^ ovOpoaTroi tcl 

16 ohcTjla fccuca e? fieaov aweveuccuev, aSXd^aaOtu fiovkop^e- 
vol toIati ir\rj(Tiourt, ey/cw^avTe^ &p €9 Ta t&v ireKo^ 
Kcucd, daTTCurim^ iKoaroi axn&v dnro^potaTO owurtD tol 
iaeveucavTO, Ovrco Srf ovK^Apyelourt (uaxurra wejrolrj^ 
T(u* ^Eyo) Be o^tK(o Xeyeiv Ta Xeyop^eva, irelOeaOtu 

90 ye piv &v oi ircanaTrauri, o<f>etKa> * teal p>oi tovto to 
ewo^ €)(€Tw €9 iravra tov \oyop. Eirei km raurd 
\eyeTM, d>^ dpa ^Apyeioi ^o'ap ol eirucoLKeaiipevoi top 
IIep<rqv eiri ttjv EXXaSa, eirei^ <r(f>i irpo^ tov9 
AaKehaipLOvlov^ kokS)^ rj M')(jj/r) earriKee^ ttop Srj fiov' 

2BXdp,€vol <T<f>i, etvM irpo t^ irapeovaij^i Xutt^. Ta piev 
wepl Apyelcov et^prjrai, 

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T&v avppdyfoVf avp^pl^ovre^ FeXjODVi * km Bif km dwo 
t£>v AoKeBaipovlfov Svaypo^, Tov Be FeKeovo^ tovtov 

80 wpdyovo^;, oIktj^cop €a>v FeXtf^, ^v Ik vr^aov Tr(Kjov, t^ 



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PBEPABATIONS OF THE GKEEKa 137 

ejTU Tpuyirup KCLfidm)^ • $9 fcri^ofieinj^ FeKfj^ vno AivSmp 
T€ r&p €K *P6Bov, k€u * AvTuf)rifU)v, ovK €K€l<f>0ri, *Apa 
jfpovov Sk avTov ol airoyovoi yevofievo^ tpo<l>aPTCU rwv 
XjSovuop 0€&v, Sier€K€ov iopre^, TrjkLveto hfo^ rev r&v 
irpoyopwv tcTTfcafieuov rpoirip roi^Se. *£? Materdipiov ^ 
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69 FeKffP, exfov ovh€p,i(w avSp&v Bvvafjuv, aXS^ Ipa rov^ 
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ecovrau OoDVfid fioi &v kcu tovto yeyove irpo^ ra 
TTUvOdvofiai KarepyaaaaOai, Trj/klvrjv ipyov roaovrov* 
ra Toiavra yap epya ov irpo^ rod awavro^ dvSpo^ vevo" 
fUKa yipeaOac, oKXa irpo^ V^vj^ re ayaOfj^ Koi pdfirj^ 15 
dvhprjtfj^* o Ze Ts^ercu wpo^ rrj^ SuceXirj^ rwv ohcrp-dpcov, 
ra xnrevavrla rovrwv 'n'€(f>VK€vai OrjXvSplrj^ re km fiaXO' 
Kcirepo^ avrip, 

Ovrca piv wv hcrrja'aro rovro ro yipa^. £X€- 
dvhpov he rov Tlavrdpeo^ reXevrriaavro^ rov filop, » 
89 ervpdwevae fjiev FeXtf^ hrra erea, aireOave Se 
VTTO SafivXKov dvSpo^ FeXdov, epOavra dvdKap^^dve^ 
ripf p^wap^iffv 'iTnroKparrj^, KXeavSpov eo^v oSeX^o?. 
'Exovrof; Se'*IinroKpdr€o<; rfjv rvpawlSa, 6 FeXtov, iav 
Trpuveto rov ipo^dvrefo drrdyovo^, rroXKa>v psr oKKiovVi 
KCU Aanjai&7]p^v rov HaraiKov ^v Sopv^dpo^ *ImroKpd- 
reo^ • fiera Se ov woXXJov y^pdvop Si dperrjp direSex^Otf 
naaiff^ rfj^ iinrov etv(u twrrap^o^. TIoXiopKeovro^ yap 
* ImroKpdreo^ KaWiiroXlra^ re KciX Na^iov^, kcu Za/^' 
kXoIov^ re kcu Aeovripov^, kcu rrpd^, XvprjKovaiov^ re ao 
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188 HSBODOTOa 

KiU TW fiapfidpmf avxpov^, avtjp Ipalpero hf rovraun 
roun iro^ifunai iwv o FeKafOf TuOfJim-poraTO^. TSm Si 
jSmov irokltov rovremv, vX^ SvptftcotHriav, ovStfua Tre- 
<^evye SovKoavptpf irpo^ ^Imrotcpareo^. St/pfiKOvalov^ 

£ Se KopivOiol re /cdH Kep/evpaioi eppvaavro, ^XB ^^^^ 
0€PTa^ eni ttoto/a^ *EXMpif. ^Eppwrtwro Se ofiroi* eiri 
rourSe icaroXXa^iarre?* hr ^ re ^Iwirotcpdrel Kapapiva^ 
Svpn/fKOv<nQV^ irapaSovra** Xvpfi/covattav Se jjir Kaf/boplva 
TO dpj(aiop. *fh &€ «ai ^ImroKparta, rvprnnfeuacuna 

uil<ra erea r^ aSeXj^e^ KKeavSp<p, KareXafie cnroOopeiv 
TT/w wo\i ^Tffkff, trrparevdapLievov hit tow XuceKom • 
ovTtt) S^ o TkXjBOiVt r^ \jdy^ ripMpkwv roici ^Imroicpdreo^ 
wcuai Ev/cKei^ re xai KXedvBpqf ov fiovKopivwv r&v 
iroKifjricMf tcarrffcwop eri etvcu^ r^ fyjT* ^ hreKparrfoe 

^ H^TCSf '^^^ FekiDfOP, ^px^ avrd^, airoirrtpr^a/i tow 
* Jmrofcpdrea^ ttcuSo^. Mera Be touto to evpjyui, tow 
yofidpov^ KoXjeofiePov^ r&p SvprjKovaiap heirea-opra/s 
xnro re rov irifiov teal r&p a<l>€7epo»p SovXmp icaXeofi&mp 
Be KvXKupu»p, o TeKoov Kara^a^mp rotrrov^ ex Ka^fjipri^ 

j» irokio^ h TO? Svprj/cov<r(K» ^^^ '^ ratrra^. 'O yap 
Sfjfio^ 6 tAp Svpff/cowrlmp eiruoPTi TeKxopi, wapaiiSol r^ 
wokiv icai eonrrop. *0 Be ewei re mupeXafie ra^ Svpt^Kov^ 
aa^, FeXfj^ phf eirucpmrewp \dyop eKa/rata hroiiero^ 
eiri^rpe^ti^ avrifp *Iepa>Pi oSeX^^) etovrov* o Be raf; 

85 SvpffKov<r4t^ efcpdrvpe, kcu ffcav airopra aX Svprixovaeu, 
Al Be vapavriKa apa r" eBpapLOP koi ope/SKaarop, Tov' 
TO /A€i/ yap, KafiapivaUv^ awapra^ e? tov Svpf}KOvaaii 
aya/y<ap, woXirp-m^ eirolfftre, Kafiapivrf^ Be to ooti; /caT€- 
aKW^e' Tovro Be, FeTuotop {rrreprjfilaea^ t&p curr&p twvto 

»Toi(n KafiaptvcUoun eiroltfae, Meyapeas re tow if 



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FBEPABATIOHS OF THE GREEKS. 189 

SvoiKijf, ^ voKiopieeofkCPo^ h ofJuiKoyirjp irpo<F€)(if/viaa»^ 
rtw fuv avT&v ira')(4as aeipc^ifCvov^ re woKefwp air^ 
fuu wpotrSoKnovra^ dwoKeecOcu Sia rovro, aymv €9 
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TovTCv^ #9 T09 XvpfiKwaa^f aweSoTo eir i^aywy^ etc 
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etrolffae, Staicpiva^. *Eiwol^€ Se ravra rourov? ofu^d- 
poif^, vofuaa^ Sijf/bov elvcu ewoiicvifia w)(apVT^aTcv* M 

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gov jiwOaveiu, &ri Ilepaffi ap^ ps>Ck€it ^ei^iK rov 
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IMT yap yepofJtepT) 'vrcura rj ^EKKw;^ ^eip fieydKai avvd- «^ 
yerat, iccu c^iepdiyot ywopsda roici emowi, * ifp Sk 
17/ieW oi fjkkp KarawpoSiS&ai, oi Se firf OeKaxr^ ri^impeeip^ 
TO Se iyuMWf r^ *B\KdSo^ fj oXlyov, tovto Stj ijSfj &»- 
POP yiptroi, paj ireixrf iraaa 17 *£XXa9. Mrj yap eKirUrff^ 
tfp 17/MA9 Ktnaarpey^^cu 6 Ilepcnf^ f^XP t^porr^a/^ m » 



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140 HERODOTOS. 

ovfu fj^i frapa (re ye, aXKa irpo rovrou if>uXa(cu. Boff* 
0€(»v yap r/fjuv, treayxn^ rifuopeei^. T^ Se e5 /SovXevOevri 
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aOcuJ*^ 01 fJL€v ravra HKeyov, TcXmp Se woXSjo^ ei/eicc^- 
6 TO \eywv roidSe' ""AvSpe^ ^EXkrjve^, Xoyoi/ ^ovre^ 
irKeovetcTffv, eroXfjuriaaTe ifj^e avfi/ia'xpv eni rov /3ap/3apoif 
TrapoKaKeovre^ eKJdelv. Avrol Be, ifiev wporepov ieqOiv^ 
T09 fiapfiapueov arparov aweTrdypuaOai, ire fjLOi tt/do? 
Kapj(7)Soplov^ veueo^ owrprro, hruricffirrovTo^ re rov Aw 

10 pUo^ rov ^Ava^avSpiSeto irpo^ ^Eyearauov il>ovov hcirpri^ 
^aa6<u, vTroreivovTo^ re ra ifJim-opia (rweXevOepovv, air 
&v vfjuv fi£yaX/u co^Xuu re kcu eiravpeo'te^ yeyova^n* 
ovre €fjb€v etvexa rjXOere fivqdriaovre^, ovre rov Atopieo^ 
<f>dvov hcTTprf^ofiepoi * to Se xar vfiea^, raSe Snravra imo 

^^ /3ap/3dpoun vefiera^ *AXXa eS yap ^filv /ecu hri to 
apL€ivov KaT€<m)' vvv Se, eireiSrj irepi,€\r(Kv0€ o woXefio^ 
Kcu dirlicTac e? vfiw, o^o) Hi TeKtovo^ funjari^ yeyove. 
^ATifUfj^ Se 7r/)09 ifpiotv xvprja'a^, ov/c ofwuoaofuu vfJuv, 
aXX* €To7fio^ €i/u l3orj0€€tVf irapexp/iepo^ ZvqKoo'ia^ t€ 

9^ Tptrfpea/^, Ktu tiafwplov^ oifKiTO^, koI Surj^iXirfv tmrov, 
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fidplSapop • err' aXKq> Se Xdyip oir &p avTO^ €\0oifu, ovr 
OP oKKov^ wkfJL'^ifU.^^ 

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*' fl K€ fiey olfKo^€i€P 6 UeXoTriSij^ ^ Ayapip.p(op, irvOo^ 

** uepo^ SirapTiTiTa^ Ttpf rjyefjLOplrfP avapacpfja-Ooi inro Fi'^ 



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FBEPARATIONS OP THB GBBEKS. 141 

\mf09 re /ecu SvfyrjKovcuap, *AXKa rovrov fihf rov Xoyov 
fi/ritciri fivr)<r0^, ok<»^ rffv ^efiovlrjv rot irapciBfiaofiev. 
*AxX, el /Jk€v fiovKecu ^orjdeeiv r^ ^EXKaS^, ta6v dp^ofie" 
vo^ xnro AaKeicufiovuov * ei S* apa fiff Si/ecuol^ ap^eaOau, 
<rif ie firj /Soydeeiv,^* IIpo^ raSha 6 FeXMV, eireiSri &pa 5 
aTreaTpafjLfjLevov^ tov9 Xoyov^ rov Svdypov, rov reXev- 
ralou a<f>i rovBe e^€<f>aive \oyov • " *fl ^Ive SfrapTtSjTa, 
oveliea tcanovra avBpiir^ (f>iXeet eiropdyeof top OvfJLov. 
Sif /levTot dm-oSe^dfiepo^ vfipiafAara ev r^ Xpy^, ov /te 
eireitrd^ ourxfiiMva ev r^ d/AOcfiy yevecrOai. ^Okov Se lo 
vfieU ovTCD irepiexecOe rij^ ^e/AOVirj^, ohco^ Koi ifte fiaX" 
\ov vfietov irepiexecrdcu, oTparirj^ re edvra iroKKairXaaltf^ 
^efiova, Koi vrj&v iroKv irXewo^v. A\k eirei re vfuv 
6 Xayo9 oirm Trpoadvrr)^ tcarurrartu ^fiel^ rt wrel^o^iev 
rov dpj(aiov \dyov. El rov fiev ire^ov vfJi£i^ fjyeoiaOe, is 
rov be vavri/cov erf<o * ei, be vfuv rjooprj rov Kara uaKaa" 
crav rjyefioveveiv, rov we^ov €ya> 0e\io, Kai ^ rovrourt 
v/uLea^ 'Xpewv e(m, dpecKeadai, fj dinevat, avfifid')(pDV roi&v 
oe epTjfiov^, 

Tekoiv fiev Sff ravra irpoereivero, iOdaa^ he 6 ^Afffj- 20 
vcutov ofyyeXo^ rov AatceScufJuwlfov, a^l/3erd fuv roiaSe* 
**^Il /SaaiKev SvpfiKovciwv, ovtc fffepAvo^ Seo/Jkevf} ^ 
'JSJXXav direirefji's^ev ^fiea^ irpo^ ce, dXKa crparwfi. Sv 
Se, &ft>9 fiev arpartriv irefif^i^ fji^ rffevfievo^ rfj^ *iJX- 
\aZo^, ov irpoJHuveif: • ©9 he arparrffr\aei^ avrf^, yXi' se 
X^^ ' ^^^^ H'^^ ^^^^ 'fravro^ rov *JS\X^i/«v arparov eSeov 
riyeeaOaXt e^pxei rj/uv rolai *A0rfVaiourt ^avj^if)v ayeuf, 
ewrurra^evourt a>^ 6 Adtetov ucavo^ roi efteXXe etreaBcu ic(h 
vrrep dfKf>or€p{ov airoXoyevfjLevo^' e/rel re Be dirdari^ anre" 
Xawdfievo^, Seecu t^ vavrixfj^ cLpxeiv, ovr<0 e^ei roi* ao 



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142 BKR0D01O6, 

fjLOf * ^fAtrepff ydp eari airvf y^ fi^ airrSm jSovXo/iUmmp 
AoKebtuyyovUnv. ToxnouTi fjkiv &¥ r/je§a0cu fiovXofd,WH(rt 
ovfc avTvreivofMf€Pf aK)k^ Si wofjo^ofuif ovSmii vavapj^teuf. 
B Mdrfjp yap &v wSt irdpoKtm 'EXKrjiiHov crparov irKel^rov 
elfffitp i/cTfifiepoi, ^ Xvp^iK^vaioun ^pre^ ^AOtjvauH <rvy^ 
j(li»pTiccf/tep T^ fjyefiovlff^, ttpr^fmorarov pkv S&po^ irapexo* 
lAtvoif fioipoi, & 6oW«9 oi fjUTW^d^nu 'JSXX^rwr* rw mai 
^OfMjpc^ 6 mcnrown cuipa Spurrop afnfO'e h iXio*- 

10 cmtdcOiU, ra^ t< tcai ZuucoaiifjauL arparop, OSrm 
ovK SvetSoi mfShf ^pSv ear^ \^tv rmneu^ ^AfbHfiero 
FeK&of ToUrSe * ** Bhvm *A0if9aSe, vp^U oUwr€ nv^ /i«r 
ap)(pVTWi i)(Biv, rav9 S« dp^fAevav^ awe l^ew. *Eml 
rotpw ovtmv vrrnvre^ hc^^ '^ ^^ iSeXere, cite hv ^a^ 

15 yoiT€ rr/v ra^^iarrjfp onww dmuKKme-aofiepoi^ mi a/yyik^ 
\ovT^ r^ *J8X\a8* Sri e« rov anavrov to eop avr^ 
e^apaipfireuJ** Ovt09 ^ o po^ rovSe rov pi^fuvro^f to 
eOdke^ X^fuv * hffka yap w ep Tf mfiour^ earl to Sap 
Sofcip^rarov • t^ Be r&p 'EXXtjpwp arpamfj^, rijp emuroS 

ntrrpaTiTip. Srepia-tcop^epfjp &p rr/p 'B!\XdBa t^ mvtov 
avfipaxjlff^, ei^Kofy m et ro Sap he rov hnavrov ifaptupff^ 

fjkepop eUf 

Kpfjre^ 8i, eirei re 0^09 irapeXapfiavop oi eni rov-- 
rouri rw)(jSepre^ ^EXKrpmp, eiroirfa'ap roiopSe. Ilepr^tap^ 

25 T€? Koip^ OeoTTparrov^ e? AeK^nnk, rop 0&>p eireipwiwp^ 
el affft apyHPOP ylperai rtp^peovai r^ *EXKaSi* *H & 
lludlff xnreKpiParo* ** il pijinoi, em/Aep^aOe oa-a vfuw 
eic r&p Mepeke^ rtitwpripArwp Mipm^ Srrefi^ p^qpimw 
BaKpvp^ara, oru ol phf oi avpe^eirprifapro avr^ lirp & 

nKafUKf Ooparap yepofjtepop, v/ieU Se iceipouri rip em 



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PBEFAKATION8 OF THB GBEEKS. 14^ 

TaSra oi KpSjreq w car&f€V)(jSdvTa T^xovaap, e<rxpvTO 
rffi TifAmpiff^ , . . . . 

0ea<rdKol Si vtto dtfoywufi^ to wpSnov IfJLrfiiffav, 09 
iUSt^av St^ ov <r^ fjiifSap€ ra ol ^AXevaSai c/iffx^v^vro* $ 
Eirei re yap env0€(vro rarKurra fieXKoma Suifialvew top 
H^paijp 6s rrpf EvptiwrjVf irefivovai €9 rov *I<r6/M>p 
lyyeXjov^. *Ep je t^ *I<r0fi^ ^aop dkurp^ofot TrpdfiovXoi 
njf 'JEXXcftSo?, ap€upffpk€voi ofiro t&p iroXuov t&p to, 
ip^HPw ^papeotw€<»p wefi rrju 'EiXXaBa, * Airucofiepo^ Si U) 
mti rauTov^ rAv Bea^ak&v ol S^eKoi, Sksyov * " "Av-- 
tpe^ *^JSXXi7iW9, &* ^»Ka^<y9a0ak rifp ecfio'X^ r^ 'OXtz/i- 
mtcffP, tpa 0eacrakirf re tuu ^ onifviraaa rf *£XXa9 hf 
^fiomr} Tov iroXefwv. ^HfJ^U fi€P vw erolf/boi eifiep trvfir 
^rvXoowii^ * wefinrmv Se j^ ttai vfiia^ arpwnrfv iroXKriv * n 
m, ^ pni 9'6/i'^rere, ewUnaaOe tjfAea^ ofioXoyi^eiv r^ 
mpaig, Ov yap roi irpottarripivov^ rocovro irpo rfj^ 
Skkif^ 'BhXdSo^t fiLOVPov^ fTpo v^biiav 8d oTroXeaOau 
BmfSiew Si ov ^ov^op^epoi, opo^fHoiajv ^fuv oviefuap oltol 
ri mrre irpoa^ipeip* oiSapuL yap aSvpoaUj^ opdyKffm 
KpHj^mp i^ * i7/Mi9 Se weiptfcofuOa avrol riva atOTfjpifiP 
pnfjffmempepm.^^ Tavra Skeyop oi OeatraXoL Oi Si 
^MkK^jpe^ irpo9 raSra efiovXevaaarro e9 S^acdKlffP irip," 
ireiv Kara OaKacatm irt^p trrpofrw^ ^mkaJ^pra Ttfp 
€<r^\-t]p. *fl^ Si avP€\e)(07j 6 or par o^, eirXee &* ss 
Evpinov airucofiepo^ Si rrfi Aj(cutff9 h "AXov, wirofia^ 
eiropeveio e? OeaaaXlr^p, ra^ peas avrov KaraXiirtip * 
tuu awUero €9 ra TefAirea e? rrip ia-^oXrjp, rprep am 
MiuctSopS^ rfj^ /eara) e? BeaaaKlrjp ^pei irapa Ilrjveiop 
worofAop, fiera^ Si *Okvp/irov re ovpeo^ iopra iuu t^ ao 



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144 HERODOTOS. 

"Oaary;. ^EvOavra earparroTr^evovTO rSnf ^EKkfpm^ 
Kara fivpiou^ owTurcu ai/XXeyevre^ * xal cifn irpocrfjjp fj 
T&v OeaaaX&v tTnro^. ^EoTparrjyee Se Acuc^cufiovifov 
fi€V, Evaivero^ 6 Kaprjvov, ix rwv iroXefidpx^v dpcupfffie" 
vo^, yeveo^ fiivroi eiov ov rov fiacikfji^w * AdfjvaUav he, 
BefuoTOKXerj^ 6 NeoK\w» EfieaMW Sc oki^a^ rjfiepa^ 
evdavTo, * AmKOfievoi, yap SyyeKot wapa ^AXe^avSpav 
rov ^Afivvre^, avipo^ Miuc^po^, avpefiovKevov c^ 
diraXKaaaeaOcu, /if/Se fAevovra^ €» r^ ea-fidX^^ Koraira' 

10 rrjOffvat vtto rov arparov eirtovro^ • offfuuvovre^ to 
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fctu <r<f>i ft;i/oo9 e^lvero €wv o Matcehwv, erreiOovro. 
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pdvre^ he 01 ^EKKrjve^ etri to? vea^, oirian erropevavro e? 
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BATTLB OF THERMOPTLAL 145 



V- BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAL (Polym- 
NiA VIL 198-228. July, B. C. 480.) 

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by Google 



146 HEBODOTOS. 

KolZeKa araZui eari e? OepfAOTrvKoi, Ev S< r^ fierafu 
^olvuco^ irorafiov /col BepfioTrvTUoDP KtofJi^ re eari, ry 
ovvofjM ^AvdrfK^i kcItcu, irap* tjv Sij vcipappetotf o *Aacytw 
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• AriiJAffTpi^ re Ipov *AfKl>ucTvoviSo^ tSpvTCU, koX ^peu ^l 

* Aflif>lKTVO<Tit KCii aVTOV TOV * A/ufx^KTVOVO^ IpOV. BcLffi" 

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15 T^ fjireipov* 

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ao OaXourca re a<f>i eifj ep <f>v\aK^, xnr *A0ijpaici>p t« 



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BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAL 147 

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69 TOV apidfiop Xoyicdfj^evo^ elirop, r&v earparriyee 
^AeopruiBff^ 6 Eipv/ul^ov. TovBe Be eipe/cep rovrov^ m 



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148 HEB0D0T08. 

airovi^ eir<Hi7^aro Aemuliif^ ^4owov9 ^EXKqimv wmpti^ 

peicaKee &p e? rov iroKefiov, deK»v ^Sepcu u re cv^ire^" 
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BATTLE OT THEBHOFTLAI. 149 



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tKXo €$po^ opOpcnrwf, ro ae, /SaaiKev, unofAepeei x^V^ ^ 
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arrjp iriiKiv rSsv €P ^EWfjin irpoa^dpetu, teai SvifH^i 
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80 €P OVK eirurrap^epoici pax^irBcu e^eTrurrdp^epoi, kcX imn 



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BATTLE OP THERMOPTLAL 151 

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fiap<H opeonrre; ff>€vyovTa^, /So^ re kcu irardy^ errrjurav • 
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payrf^ Xeyerai PdaCKea, Orjevfievov, rpl^ avoBpafieiv ex lo 
Tov Opovov, Seiacuna irepi ry crpariy. Tore fxev ovrto 
t^ymvUravTO, T^ $' vaTepiwp ol fiapl3apoc ovBev ifiecvov 
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ttarra ra^«9 re kcu Kara edvea KeKoa/jLTifievoi ^(rav, kcu ev 
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KtPT^I\j0€ yap €9 *Aprucvpfjp, drredcufe info *Adr}pdSe<a, so 



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152 HEBODOTOS. 

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10 (rradfulixraa'Oat, Srt ol r&v 'BjXXrjvoDV IIvKaydpot CTreicij- 
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^^TBdpvea, Ka4 rwv earpanffee 'TBdpinj^. 'flpfiearo Si 
irepl XvxyoDV cuf>a^ e/c rov oTparorreBov, T^v Be arpa^ 
rrov ravTqv e^evpov fiev ol emxj^ptoi, MtfKiee^ • e^evpov' 
T69 Be, SeaaaXoiori Karriy7j<rapro eirl ^co/eea^ rore ore oi 
twKee^, (ftpd^avre^ rei^ei ripf ecfioXriv, ^aav ev aKerrrf 

m rov rroKepav • e^ Te roaov Bii fcareBeBe/ero eovaa ovBev 
yprioTT) MrjXievau "Exet Be wSe ij arparro^ avr^i^ 
ApyercLi, fiev arro rov ^Aaayrrov rrorafiov rov Sia rij^: 
Bui(T<l>ayo^ peovro^* ovvopui Be r^ ovpei rovrtp k(u rj 
arpair^ rtovro icelrcu, ^Avorrtua, Telvei Be rj ^Avoirata 

« avrrf Kara pa^tv rov ovpeo^, Xrjyei Be Kara re ^AXtttivov 



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BATTLE OF THEBMOPYLAL 153 

froXiv, irpdrffv eovaav t&p AotepiS^ov wpo^ r&p MrjkUciv, 
Kcu Kara MeKafurvyov re KoKeofievov \i0ov, Kot Kara 
KepKtoTTODV iBpa^ • ry /ecu ro areivorarov iaru Kara 
ratrrrfv S^ rriv arpairov /ecu ovtcd exputrap oi HipacUt 
TOP Aacnrop iiafiopre^, eiropevopro wcurap rrfp pv/ercL, 5 
€P ie^i^ flip e)(ppT€^ ovpea ra OItcuwp, €p apurrep^ Se 
ra Tprjr^ipuop* i}a)9 re ^€(f>aLP€, kcu eyipopro err dxpcy' 
rrjpitp rod ovpeo^, Kara 8e rovro rev ovpeo^ efpvXcur' 
trop, w KCU trporepop fioi BeSrJKcrrcUt t<o/e€ODP %«\u)i 
iwXirai, pvofUPol re rrfp affyereprp/ X^PV^ "^^ ^povpiop^ lo 
T6V T^ drpcptrop. *H fiep yap /earm ia-fioXif €<f>v\daa'ero 
xnro r&p etpffrcu • rrfp he Sia rov ovpeo^ arpatrop eOeXoP" 
rai ^wKee^ irroSe^dfiepoi AeooplBif e<f>v\aa'a'OP. "EfiaJBov 
Be a'<l>ea^ ci ^oo/ree^ &B€ dpafie^rj/eora^ • dpafiaipopret 
yip ekdpffapop ol Ilepaeu, ro cZpo^ rrap &}p SpvSw eirl- 16 
rrXeop • ^ fiep S^ PTjpefilfj, '^^v Se yipofiipov iroWov, 
w ouco^ ijp, <f>vW(OP inroKeyypip^p xnro rolai iroai, dpd 
re eSpafjLOP oi ^^teee^, kcu eSvpro ra SirXa • kcu avrUa 
oi iSdp^apot wcLpfjaap, li^ Be elBop avBpa^ epBvofiepov^ 
oirXcL, ep Owifiart eyepopro' eKrrifUPoi, yap ovBep a-ifuM 
^oarqtreaOcu aprl^oop, epe/evprfcav <rrpar^, EpOavra 
^TBdppf}^ KarappvyBr^as; p^ oi ^a>#r€e9 emat AaxeBaifw- 
Plot, elpero rop ^EwiaKrea troBoTro^ el'q o arparo^* irvdo' 
fUPfyi Se drpeK€<a^, BtercuTce rov^ Tlepcc^ «9 h P^X'^P' 
Oi Be ^GMcee^, a>^ efiaXkopro roun ro^ev/Acurc woXKouri^s 
re KCU irvKvouTi, ov^ppro ^evyopre^ eiri rov ovpeo^ rop 
Kopvpl3op, eTrnrrdfjievot w eiri (Tif>ias; iupp.rfi'qaap apyr\p^ 
K(U irapeaKevaBaro w airoXeop.epoi. Ovroi fiep Bq rav- 
ra €<f>poP€OP • 01 Be dp,<fH EiridXrea Koi 'TBdppea Ilepacu 
^€aK€€OP fjLep ovBepa \oyop eiroievpro, oi Be Kurefiaipop ro ao 
ovpo^ Kara rd^os* 

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154 HBB0D0T08. 

Toltn Se ei^ B€pfjunrv\if<r$ eowrt ^EXXtjvo^v, vpSrrov 
fiev 6 fidirri^ Meyurrirj^, etriBiiv e? ra Ipd, e^paae rov 
fieXXovra ececOcu afjM fiol aifn davarov * eiru S€ ictu 
axnoiAokoi fjiaav ol i^yyeikavre^ r&v Il€p<T4<ov t^v 

« vepioBov ' ovTO$ fihf er* pvkto^ €<rrifjbjpHUf • rpirot H 
ol rffiepoa-KOTTOit KaraZpafjLovr^^ otto ra>v axptov, rjStf 
Buuf>aivov<nj^ rjfjLepff^t OfdaSrra €/3ov\€vopto oi EXkifv^ 
Koi <T^e<av iaxi^ovTO ai jp&fuu. Ol fiev yap ovk etav 
rifv rd^iv i/cKi'jreu/, oi Si avrere^pov, Mera Be tovto 

10 BtaKpi0€VT€^t oi fiep aircLKKaairovTO, kcu SuKr/ceSaaffeirre^ 
Kara woXj^ ?K€urro$ erpaTrovro • ol Se avrmv S^JLa AecDvi- 
ifl fieveiv airrov irapao'icevaSaro. Aeyercu Se o»9 avro^ 
0-^09 airerrefiyfre . AeayviSf)^, fitf airoXMintu tcrfBoftevo^ ' 
avT^ Se K€u S'/rapTifirecov roia-i inipeovai ovic €^€^ 

16 euTrpeTrecD^ i/cXiireiv r^v ra^w e? rr^v ffKOov <f>v\d^opTe9 
dpxriv, TavTff kcu fJtaXKov tJ yv^f^ irkeiaro^ elfu, 
AetovtBrpf, errec re rja-Oero rov^ avfifjui')(pv^ eopra^ arrpo- 
Ovfiov^, KCU OVK eOeKovTO^ awSuiKwBvv€V€iv, kOsjewtcu 
<rif)€(K airaWdaaecffcu ' avr^ Se wirUvcu oi k€l\w 

$0 eyeiv. Mevovri, he avrov kXw fieya eXeiwero, kclL ^ 
SvapTf/^ evBiUfAOviff ovk €^\el<f>€TO. ^Ekc^PV^o yap 
VTTO TTJ^ HvOvryi rouri, STraprn^f^u XpeoDfUPOurt irepi 
rov froXe/Mov rovrov avruca Kar apya^ eyeipop^evov, 
**t^ AoKehalfAOva avaararov yeveadai viro r&v fiap- 

»fidpo»v, fj rov pa^CKea a^etav diroXeeaOau* Tavra 
Se <r<f>i ev erreat e^afierpouri, e^opra 'xpa, Xeyovra W& • 

*tiilv d\ i Zirofin;; ohofropti tvpvx^poio^ * 
*H fuya iarv ^pucvdig vjr avdpdfri TLtpirttbfitn 
TLipBrrcn ' $ t6 fuv ov;^/, a<f) 'Hpaickiovt de yf¥€ffkif9 



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BATTLE or THERMOPYLAI. 155 

O^ y&p r^ raupcnf <rxri<r9i fuvog Mi Xf^«r 

^)(^§(r6Mj vpdf T&vd* crc/MV dick irovra dcicTTrai, 

Tavrd T€ Sfj erriXeyofievov AemvlSrjv, xai fiov\ofi€Pov 
/t\eo9 /earaffeaOcu fiowov SirapTiffT€<ov, cnroirefb'y^ui roif^ ^ 
cvfifuixpv^ fjtaXKov, ^ yvo^/J/rj hievexJSivra^ ovrw axoo'fia)^ 
olxeadcu rov^ ol^ofieifov^. Maprvptov Be /aoi teal roSe 
owe eKi'xyrTov tovtov irdpi yeyove, Ov yap fiovpop 
rov^ aXXov^, oKKa leeu rov fuivrip S9 elireTo r^ arparip 
tavvp, Meyurrlffv rov *Aieckpv^ay T^o/ievov etpcu ra 10 
dvetcaOep dvo MeXdfnrf^o^, tovtov etiravra ex tSw ip&v 
Ta fieKXovTa <r(f>i hc/Saivew, if>aiV€p6s eoTt AewvlZfj^ 
amnr^iiTrwv, iva fifj awaTroKrjrai a<f>i» *0 Se, diroirefir 
iroficvo^, avT09 fiev ov/e airikmre • toi/ he irtuha avoTpa" 
T€v6/jb€Pov, eoma ol fiowoyevea, aTreirefiy^. Ol fiof wp 19 
av/ifuixot^ ol diroTrefnrofjLevot otj(pvTO t€ diriovre^, ledX 
emidomo AeiovlBp, BecnrUe^ & leai QfiPcuoi ko- 
T€fi€ivav fiovvot irapa AaxeSatfiovioun, Tovrcdv Se, 
Bijffcuoi fuev deteome^ Sfiepop, /ecu ov fiovXofAepoi * 
tearelj(€ yap tr^tn^ Aetovihofi^t €P o/jir^p \dyip iroiev^ ao 
fitevo^* SecnrUe^ Be, heovrei fhoKMrra' A ovk €<f>eurcip 
awoXiiropre^ AeoDpi^p tcai tow /ier* avrov diraK" 
"Ka^affcu, dXKa KaTafJieipapre^ avpaireOapop. Earpa^ 
TTfyee Be avrSyp Afifio<f>c\o<$ AtaBpoftew, 

Bep^f)^ Be, errel fjkiov dpaTeiKopro^ awopBa^ eirovr^ » 
o-aro, hnaxoDP j(poPOP, €9 dyoptfi kov fuiXurra irXrjdioprjp 
irpoaoBop eiroUero • Ktii yap eweoTaXTO e^ EiruiKTeta 
ovTO). ^Atro yap tov ovpeo^ 1; leaTaPaat^ (rvpro/MOTeprf 
Te ioTi, ieeu l3pa)(yTepo^ 6 x*^po9 iroXkop, fprep t) 
"irepioBds Te lecu dpajScuri^. Ol Te S17 /3cLpl5apoc ol afjL<f>i 20 



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156 HEBODOTOS. 

109 T7p/ eni BavaTtp e^oSov iroievfievoi, ijSvj trciXX^ fAoXKop 
^ /ear dpxo^ eire^Urav €9 to eipvrepop rov au)(Wf9* 
To fi€v yap Spvfjut rov reij^eo^ h^vXaaaerOt oi £e ora 

6 TO? trporepa^ f)f^ep€i9 wef*oW€9 69 ra art tpo mopa 
e/iaypvro. Tort S»{, avfifiUrfovre^ ?fw r&v irmpw, 
ewvrrrov irKrjdel iroXKoi r&v fiapfiaptov. "OirurOe jap ol 
rjyefiove^ r&v reXeoov, e^ovre^ fidariya/i^ ippdiri^ov wa»* 
ra avSpa, alel €9 to vpoa-^o hrorpvvovre^, IToXXoi flip 

10 S17 eceirvrrrov avrwv e9 t^ ffoKcura'av, ttci Bie^elpopro • 
iroXKj^ S* en irXnive^ /earetrareovro ^wn vtt oKKrJKuv * 
^ Se Xoyo9 oviel^ rov airoXKvfievov. ''Are yap ejnara^ 
fuvoi rov fieXXovrd o-^i laea-Oai ddvarov he r&v irepdop* 
rwv TO o2po9, aireZeucvwro pip/rj^ Haov €tj(pv fUyuTr0P 

IB €9 T0V9 fiap/Sdpov^, ircLpa'Xpewfievoi re Kcii drtorre^* 
Aopara fiev vw rolci irXedveiriv avr£v rffvitcavra rjSvf 
ervyyave icareqyora, oi Se roia-i (l^ai Siepyd^ovro rov^ 
Hipaa^. Kcu Aeo^v^rj^ re ev rovrf r^ irovtp irlirre^ 
dvfjp yevdfievo^ apurro^, km trepoi, fier avrov ovop>aaroi 

90 S'TToprtifretav, r&v eym &^ avhp&v afu»v yevofievcuv eirv- 
0op/qv ra ovvofiara* eirvOdp/qv Be teal dirawmv r&v rpi/tf^ 
Kocuov. Kcu Stf K€u Heptreiov trlwrovai evffavra oKKoi 
re TToXXol kcu ovopM<rroi* ev Be hrj kcu Aapeiov Bvo 
ircuZe^, *A^poKop,7)^ re kcu ^T^rrepdvOrf^, €k rf}^ Aprdvem 

85 Ovyarpo^ ^parayovvf}<i yeyovore^ Aapeup. 'O Si *Ap^ 
rdvrj^, Aapetov piev rov fiaaCKeo^ ffv dB€\(j>e6^, ^Txrrd^ 
cmeo^ Se tou ^Apcdp^em ircu^* S9 kcu exBtBov^ r^ 
Ovyarepa Aapeltp, rov oIkov irdvra rov i&vrov err^ofKe, 
w uovvov ol iovoTf^ rctAnj^ rexvov. Hep^ew re Bfj Bio 

ao aB€\<f>€ol ivOavra irlmTovin p^jfeop^voi inrep rov vexpov 



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BATTLE OF THEBHOPTLAI. 15T 

vnO Aenvlht^f Hepaiwv T€ KM Aatu^cufuxpUofv &>duffju)9 
iyetfero ttoWo^ e? S rovriv re aper^ oi "EXXffve^ inrefyi 
f/tHTOP, Koi erpdy^uino nw evairrlov^ rerpcuct^. Tovro Si 
^rwecrnixee /^^XP^ ^^ ^ ^^ *Ewui\Tp irckperfivcvro. *Il^ 
& TovToxf^ rjteew eirvdovro ol ^^EXXi/i^, evOevrep erepoioii^ » 
TO TO v€uco9* "E^ re yap to ixrewifv rffi oSov dvejfapeov 
airuw, Kcu irapdfAev^ifievoi to rei'^o^, ikOovre^ i^vro 
M rhv tiokaniov wcam^ oX^ al aXXoif w\^ OfffiiUmp. 
*0 &€ koXmpos loTi €P r^ icoS^ H/eov pvp 6 XLdnpo^ \mp 
irrffKe eni AtcnfiSff* *Ep rovr^ a^im r^ X^PV ^ 
aXt^fiepov^ fjutxi^pff^h rduri mirAp ervyxp-pop m 
vepuavtrtu, :iuu x^pd /cai arofjuur^, Kivrexo^o-op oi fiap' 
fiapoi fiaXXovre^ * oi fiep, ef epoprlrf^ eirunropkepoif teai 
TO epvfMt rov relxeo^ cuyx^ovre^* oi Be, wepieXBopre^ 
TTOPToOe ftep^armSSu. il 

AaieeSaifjtopuop H tcai Oecnrtmp towvt<op yepo^AOWP, 
Spun X^enrtu apf^p ipuri'o^ yepea-Oai Xvaprrvfprff^ Aifffpi' 
scij^k T%p *tvie ^^m(n etira^ ro Sfro9 irpiv ^ avfifii^ 
<r^4a^ 'toiax M^Bouri, ^rv06fitepop irpoq rev rSup Tpnfp(f»im 
mPf m, eireap ol ffapfimpoi amaesHn ra ro^fiorm, inpm 
ifXMJV inro rov rrXrjffeo^ r&p oioT&p cmoicpvTrrova'i • 
roaovro Ti rr\fl$o^ avr&p elpai. J%p Be, ovic hcirXayepra 
Tourouri, ehrcu, ep aKayUf rrouvfiepop to r&p Mrfiwp 
irX^09, w "rrdpra a-<f>i a^oBa o TpfrfxLpw^ ^Ipo^ 
ayyeXXoi, el wiroKpvTrropro)P r&p MrfBeifP top tjKiop, inro 96 
CKt^ ecovro irpo^ avrov^ 17 fJ^xV' ^^ ^^^ ^ f/Xup*** Tav^ 
ra pip K€u aXXa rotovrorpowa eired <f>a<ri Airfpeteea rop 
AasceBoifjtopiop Xnreaffai p,prjp^<rvpa, Mera Be rovrop 
apurrevaai Xeyoprtu Aate^aip^pioi Bvo aBeXtf>eol, *AX^09 
re luu Mapmp, *Op<ruf>dprou irai&e^. Oetrinewp Be evBo- ao 
14 

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168 HEB0D0T08. 

r/Seot. Siuf>0eiai 8e aipi airov rauTff i^irep eireaop, 
tcai rolai wporepop reKevrrjcaai ff viro Ae<»viB€09 ofiro^ 
vefjuf>0€PT(K olx^^^^ en-UfeypOTTTM ypofjkfidira Xeyopra 

*Ek Utkowoppdaov x<Xi^ff rrroptt* 
TaSra fup S^ roiai wa<r& hrtyeypamrM * rcSci Sc Swap* 

Kciftf^Oy rots KMipmp piinuuri fnMfitpoi, 
Aate€SMfMovioun fuv S^ rovro * r^ Be fjuurrh ro3c * 
Mtnjfia r<^tf /cXtfivoib Mcyurr(a, 5y irorc M^dcH 

If M<(yrcof 9 &( i^rf ic^por ^p;(OficMif cr^^ cld^ff, 

O^ff ^Xiy ^ir6fTij£ riyMfu&vas r/wXurciv. 

*EiriypafifAa<ri fieif pvp lecU <TTrjkff<ri, e^ ^ to tov fUMP^ 
Tt09 eiriypafAfia, *Afi(f>ucTv6v€^ eial 0-^09 o! eirucocrfirf* 
aapre^ * to Se toO fjuurrio^ MeyurrUm, Si^piBtj^ o A§* 
m mtrpeirw eori Kara ^wifqp o iinypd'^jta^* 



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8SA-EIQHTS NBAB ABTEMISION. 150 



VL SEA-FIGHTS NEAR ARTEMISION. 
(Urania VIIL 1-17. B. G 480.) 

Oi Be *EXKrpmp €9 rov vttvrump oTparov Toj^^eW*?, 
^av otBe. ^AOrp^cuou fiev, vea^ 'irape)(pfievoy eirra tcai 
eiKoai /ecu ixarov * uiro St dperij^ re /cai irpodvfurj^ 
nXaraiee^, anreipok rff; pavrue^ iovre^, <njveirKripow 
toun *A0rjvaloi<n ras v4ai^. Koplvdiot Be reaaepoKovra f 
vea^ irapelypvTO * Meyapee^ Be, eltco<ri * /ctu XaXxiBee^ 
eirXripotw eiKocif ^AOrjvaUov cr^i irape^ivrwv to? ve€Vi* 
AV>fvvfjfT€u Be, otcTwxaiBeiea • S^tcvdviot Be^ BvoDBexa* 
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rpUe^ Be, eirrd • Tpoi^rfPioi Be, iriine • Srvpee^ Be, Bvo • lo 
jc€u Ketoi, Bvo re vea^, KciX wevrfftcovrepov^ Bvo * Aoxpol 
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hrrcL ^Hcaif piv &p ovroi ol irrparev^fAevoi eir ^Apre^ 
fua-MV* etprp-M Be fioi km w to wXrjdo^ itcaaroi r&v 
ve&p irapeiypvTo. *ApiOp!o^ Be r&v ovXKej(j9eureo9v veAy i6 
err ^AprepMriov fpf, irape^ r&v wevrfiKovrepmv, pua icai 
e^Bofjurjicopra /ecu BiffKocuu. 'Pov Be arparfjyov rov ro 
fieyurrov Kpdro^ e)(pvTa, irapelyovro S'rrapriSjrcu, Evpv 
fiioBea rov Evpv/ckelBeo). Ol yap avfifiaxoi ov/e e<^cura;p 
"fjv firi o AoKfav rjyefjMvetnf, ^AffrjveuoiO'i iy^aOcu T^yeoiU" ao 
voi4Ti, oKKa Xuaew ro fieXXov SaeaOcu arpwrevfui.** 
^Eyevero yap /car dp^o^ \oyo^, irfuv ff /ecu €9 S^eXirfv 
irepnTetv hri avfufiayi'qv, m ro vaurumv *A0f)veuouri 'xp^v 
wq hrtrpeTretv, * Avri/SdvroDV & r&v (rvfifjui)(mv, elxov oi 
*A0rpfcuoi^ fieya ireirotnjp.evoi irepUiva* rrjv ^EXKoBa, /ecu » 
yvovr^, el <rraaidaov<n irepl rfj^ fiyepiiovlry;, (»9 airoXeercu 



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160 HEBODOTOS. 

17 ^EXKck • opOa vo€VPTe9. Srcuris yap Sfitf>vXo^ irokiftav 
ofjLO^oviovTo^ ToaovTtp KOKiov ioTiy Scfp irokcfio^ €*p^ 
vr^. ^ EirLardfJiepoi &v airio tovto, ovk durereivov, oW* 
ehcov p*^XP^ ocov tcdpra eSeovro aur&v, a>^ BteBefap, 

$ ^Ih yap Sij ia-a^poi rov Ilep<T9a irepi tfj^ huamv ffivi 
Tov aySwa hrotevmo, wpo^^aauf r^v UaviravUm vfipof 
irpoUtj(efAepoi9 avuKovro rriv f^epjovlffv roi^ AtueeSaifLO' 
viov^, 'iiXXa ravta piif tarepov iyepero. 

Tore Se oiroi oi iuu err *AprefUaUaf *E\X^vwv cnruco^ 

10 ptepoif m eZSoiA vea^ re iroXKa^ ivora^^eura? €9 ra9 
*A^>era9, km ^rrpartSyi Sntama irXia, iiru airoiat ^apa 
So^ojp ra wpfiyfiara r&v fiapfiapmv dwefia^^ ^ i^ ttvrol 
seateSdioew, Ka?r4ippta&f^Ctin^t SptfO-fLOP ifiwKevop dm 
rod ^Aprefuaiov ea-m h rr/p 'EXKaSa, FpoPTi^ Se <r{^ea9 

16 Oi Eifio€€i raHrU fiovkeuofiipov^, iBeapro EvpvfiuiBe^ 
wpoiT/ieipai j(pdpov oXjyop, icr hp avrol rixpa re icai 
T0V9 oiKera/i \nt€K0e»prau *Sl^ S* ovic eireiOop, /*€- 
rajSopre^ top *Adfjpai(»v ^rpamfyop treiOoviri Sefu- 
ctoicKia eiri ju<r0^ tpii^pta TAXain-ouri^ hr ^ T€ 

» Karap^elpapre^ irpo rrfi Evfioltf^ moJ^^wnai t^ yoi/- 
p^o/xhl^* '^ ^ ^^M'l^rroieTJfjii tov9 *'E\Xfjpa/i en'urxeip 
«>S6 iroteeu Evpv/3*dSy tovtcop t&p )(pf)puiT€Mf /li6- 
raBiSol iripre raKatna, a>^ trap ecfvrov bffiep &&>v<(. 
*ih Be ol ovTo^ dpeireireurro, ^ASelfiopro^ yap 6 *l2/euTCv, 

25 KopwOio^ oTparriyd^, t&p \otnrSyp tjairaipe fwvpo^, <f>dfie'' 
yo9 arn'OTrXaxreaOai re avro tov ^Aprefjuciov iccu ov irapa^ 
fieP6€ip, 7r/oo9 S^ TOVTOP etire 6 OefuoTOKXerj^ eiroiioaa^ • 
*' Ov (TV ye rjfjLea^ airoXely^i^, hrel roi eyi fb€^<» B&pa 
SoMro) tj /SaaiKeif^ ap roi o MtjSwp vefiy^ie diroKiirivri 

30 TOW <n;/Afta;^ov9." Tavrd re apM ^yopeve, kcu irep/irei hri 



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SBAFIGHTS KEAB ABTEMISION. 161 

T^ yea rrjp *ASeifuivTov raXatrra dpyvplov rpia. Ovrol 

r€ S^ wXryyevre^ Biapouri, coHJtm'eireicfUvoi ^op, teai 

rwri Ev^oeeci hee)(j^Hrro* avro^ re 6 0€fuaTOK\eri9 

€/c€pSfpf€, iKap0av€ Se ra Xofftra i^mv * aXX' fprurriaro 

6i fieraXafidvre^ rovrwv r&v xpfifuiTiov he t&v *A0ijvaUa¥ § 

ikBAf eTTi TfS \oyfp tovttp ra j(prifAara* 

OSrm i^ xartfUiPOP re ep r^ Evfioijf, ted a^at/fuv)^- 

avsp. ^EyofCTO Be &Be* *Eirel re S^ e9 ra^ *Aif>era/9 

trepl Bei\/gfP irpfotrfP yvpojitprfp cmuctvrQ oi fidpfiapoh 

wdoptepo^ fkkp er$ fuu wporepop irepi ro ^AprefAtaiop lo 

vavKo^eeiP pea^ ^EXKrpfiBa^ oXlya^, rare Se airoi iSdpref, 

rrpoOvfAOi ffaap eiri/)(etpeei,p, ei Km^ tkoiep avrd^. *Ete 

flip B^ rfJ9 avrlrj^ irpocirXieiiP av k<» cr^i eSo/eee r&p8e 

ewexa, imt^ kw^ iBopre^ oi EXkqpe^ irpoawktHopra^, h 

^vyrpf opfMrjceiop, <f>€vyopra^ re ew^poprj /caraXafiot * /ecu ifr 

€fA€\Kop hffiep hefpeu^cOoi • eSei Se p/rjSe irvpif>dpap, r^ 

hcelpwp Xoytp, eic^vyopra irepvf€pe<r0ai, IIpo^ raSha &p 

raSe epflrj^aveopro. TSov peSrp diraaectv wiroKpkpaprea 

SifjKocla^, wepieirefiTTop e^mOep SfcuiOov, c^^ civ fji^ o<f>0€w 

<ri inro rSnf irdKefueup irepptrXAaoxHTOi Evfioiop §card re» 

Kuifyifpea mu wepi repaurrdv, C9 rop Evpinrop' wa Sri 

TrepiXdfioiep, oi fUp, raurtf airucofMePoip kcU ^pd^avre^ 

avr&P Trp/ ovtam <f>€pova'ap oBop, a'if>ei^ Se, eirunrofiepo^ 

ef epaprii)^, ' Tavra fiovKevcdfAepoi diriwepkirov r&p 

veSfP ra9 rax^^laa^, airdi oifK ep po^ e^opre^ ravrff^ r^ » 

flpJeptfi rouri "EKKfici einffrjcrea-Otu, ovSe irpdrepop ^ to 

avpffrjfjui <r(f>i efieXKe if^apr^aea-dai irapa r&p ireptnrKnooP' 

rmp w Tftcopranf. Tavra^ p,€P Sri ireptewefivop • r&p Be 

XoiTrewp peSap ep ryci A^>eTriak eTrotevpro apiOpLOP. Ep 

£€ rotary r^ XP^^^' ^ V ^^^^ dpi^fiop eiroievpro r&PM 
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163 HEB0D0T08. 

9€&v, i)y yap hf r^ arparoir^fp Tovrtf SievXKi^ Sft 
palo^, SvTff^ T&v Tore avOpwironf apurro^ * S9 leai ev r§ 
vauffjly r^ Kara to UriKtov yevofievrf irciXXa fiip SacM^ 
r&p ')(pfiiidTmv roiai neptrpci, TroXXa St tuu ovm 

* weptelSaKeTo • ovro^ 6 StcvXXifj^ eif votp fjtep ^j(€ apa kcH 
wpoTCpov avTOfMXrja^iv C9 rov9 ^'EXKrpHK, oXX' ov yap m 
wap€aj(e9 c»9 rare. "Ot^ /juep S^ rpov^ ro ivOevrep ijStf 
anrUero 69 tov9 ^EXKviva^^ ovk ^e» ehroi drpetdm^* 
$mvfia^» Se el tcl Xeyofiepd earn oKfjOia. AiyerM yitp 

^m e^ *A<f>eT€<»v Su9 e? rrp/ OaKaaaav^ ov irporepop avkcyn 
irpiv ^ cmucero eiri to *ApT€fiuTioVf aroBlov^ fJkaKurra tctf 
rovrov^ €9 oyBm/eotna Sia rfj^ OaKaa-ai]^ Bie^ekOdp* 
Aeyercu pip pvp teai oWa ^^^evSeat eliceXa nr€f^ to£ 
avBpo^ rouTOV ra Be fiere^epa, aXtfOea. Ilepl pivro^ 

IS TovTOV ypiop/q fioi anroB€Sej(d€i>, irKoup p4P afirucetrBa* erri 
TO * Aprepiaiop. ^il^ he airltcero, avrlica earjpq/pe rom 
CTparffyouri n^ re pavrjyiffp, ©9 yepoiro, fuu to? 
vepiwefuf^eiaa^ r&p pe&p irepi Evfioutp, ToOro & 
ajcova-avre^ oi ^EXKr/pe^, \dyop a^Urt avrotai ^iSofrauL 

90 IIoXK&p Se Xex0€PTC9P, epltca, rifp fipiprpf exelpfip avroS 
fielpoprd^ re Koi auXurOepra^, p^ereiretra pvicra fieatfi^ 
vapeprof;, 'rropeveaOai, tuu airavrap r^i weppirXMOv<T^f<n 
r&p Pfi&p. Mera Be rovro, 09 ovBek c(f>i etrkfrXuet 
BeiXfpf ay^lffP yipopipffp T179 VM^PV^ ^vKafopre^^ aimi 

25 €7ra»€7rX(oop eni rov^ fiap/Sapov^, aironre^pav aur&p 
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oi crparrjyoi errnrXMOPra^ prjval oXiyptn, rrarf)(v a^ 
fJMpifjp eirepeUcune^, dpfjyop k<u avro\ ra^ pea^, eX/Tr/- 

10 <ravrh <r^a^ einrereto^ alpi^ceiv * ohcdra tcapra eKirltraat* 



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SEA-riGHTS KEAB ABTEMISION. 163 

r€9, TO? fJtA^ y€ rSnf ^EXKrpftov 6peovT€^ oXlya^ vea^, ra9 
Se ifmrrSsp irXrfiei re iroKKanrkriala^, /ecu afteivop 'TtXokw 
tra^, Kara(f>poirri<ravT€^ ravra, eKvteXovvro avroif^ €9 
/iJa-ov. ^Oa-oi fiev wp t&p *Imv(ov ^av euvooi Tota$ 
'BWrfO'^f de/covre^ re earrparevopro, avfMf>oprp^ re erroiei/p^ s 
TO fAejoKtjv ipeovre^ irepte^opJvin)^ avrov^, kcu eiri^rrd^ 
fievo$ w ovSe\^ airr&v dTTOvoarrjirei • ovtco daffevea a^ 
^mlvero etvcu ra r&v ^EXKriPo^v irptfyfiara. ^Oaouri Se 
seal ffiofievoun fiv ro y$pop£ifOPf ifuXKav iiroievpro H/cm^ 
ainm iMurro^ irp&ro^ vea *Arruerfv eKtov, irapa fia<n\eo^ w 
h&pa Xa/i'^erat * ^AOirfvalmv yap avrdia-t \oyo^ fjv 
7rX€urro9 dva ra oTparoweSa. Total Se ^EXKrfo-i ©9 
ioTifi/rfve, rrpSna fM€P, dvrlirpiopot rolai /Sapfiapouri 
yepofievoL, e9 ro fieaov ra^ irpvfwa^ awriyayov * Bevrepa 
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r€9» iccu Kara ardfia, ^EvOavra rpvfiKOvra vea^ alpeovai 
T&p fiapjSapmp, /cal rop Topyov rov SaXafUpitop fiaaiXw 
aBeX(f>eop ^tXiiopa, rop Xepcto^, \6yifiop eopra ep r^ 
CTparoir^ip optpa, UpSno^ he ^EKKrfPwp pea r&p ' 
voX€fu»p etke dp^p ^AOrjpoM^ AvteofJin^^ Altrxpeov, kcu 9» 
TO dpi/rrrjCop ekaffe ovro^. Tov^ h ep ry pavfuv)(pjj 
ravT/j erepdXjceo)^ d/ympi^ofjkepov^ pv^ eweKdova-a SUkva-e. 
Oi jiev Sri "EKK'qve^ eirl ro ^Aprejuaiop direirktoop, ol Se 
fidpfiapoi €9 TO? ^A<l>era^, iroXXJop irapa Bo^ap dycopurd" 
fi€P0t. *Ep ravry ry pavfiax,ip *AprlZ<opo^ Arifipto^^ 25 
fuivpo^ r&p <rvp fiaciXei ^BSXkriPmp ioprcDP, avrofuiKeei e? 
To»P9 ^fXXi/i^o? * fcai oi *A0rjpaioi Bui rovro ro epyop eSo- 
aap avr^ X^pop ep SaXafUPi. 

*Ih Se ewppopf] eyeyopee, ^p pip rij^ &pff9 fieaop Oepo^, 
iylperro Se vScop re cmXerop But irdcnf^ T179 pvicrd^, seai as 



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164 BraODOTOflk 

^mKajpa* fipovrai ovro rov HfjKlov • ol fii peKpdi /uu ra 
pavrjyia e^^piovro e^ ra^ ^A^eraf^^ /cat */r€pl re to? 
irpwpm r&v V€&v eiKdovro, Koi €TapcuT<TOV tov9 rapaov^ 
T&p Konr^v. Oi $€ frrpanSnoi ol ravrp, dxoCovre^ 

• ravTO, 69 <l)ol3ov Korurr^aro, ik/rrl^vre^ 'Jrayxy ^wroXcif- 
a0cu, 69 ola teatca ^itO¥. IIplv yap ^ fcai avairvevaal 
<r^€a9 & re rfj^ vaufffvq^ koX rov j(€ifjUipo^ rov y&fOfUifov 
Kara H-^Ktov^ vweXafie vavfiaxh t^aprepri* ex Se rlfi 
wavfJUMj^lfl^, Sfjkfipa^ re \afip099 teat pevfJLara urj(ypa I9 

10 BaXxuraav App/rjfieva, jSpovreU re a-tcXffpal* Ktu rovroun 

fkOf routvnj w( eylvero* Toiat ie rayQtiai, aurSrfi 

rrepvirkoaew Evpouw 1} avrri irep eovca pv^ iro\>Cov ^y 

•en aypuorepfff roaovr^ iatp ep veXdyel ^popJvour^ 

hrirrvrrre* Kcu ro reKo^ aj>^ eyevero aj(api * <09 7^ Sij 

u ir\(iov<n avroUri^ '^^et^fMov re xat ro v8c9p erreylvero, €oS<r« 
tcara ra KoTXm rrj^ Evfioirf^i ^pofievot r^ TTvevfiari, /cai 
ovic elSore^ ry e^povro^ i^eirimrov irpo^ ra^ werpa^. 
^Eiroiiero re wop vm rov Oeov, Steeo^ ^ e^urcDOeit) r& 
*EiXXffPiK^ ro Ilepaucop, p/rfie 'TtoXX^ irkkop &kff. Ovro$ 

90 fjb& PUP irept ra KoiKja rff: EvfioUy; Bieif>0elpopro, Ol 
£' Of 'il^6Ti7<ri fiapfiapoit to^ a'if>i acp^pouri fipipi/i 
eirekapf^ arpipM^ re eXypp ra^ pea^, tcai o-^ anrejfpeero' 
KaK^>^ irpi^aovai fi<nr)(if)P arfew ep r^ trapeopri. Tolai 
S6^£XXi;(rt errefitoOeop pee^ rpei^ tcai veprq/copra ^Arrt" 

26 iC€U. Avrai re Sri 0*^09 eirepptoa-av ofirucofiepai, kcu apa 
ayyeXlrf eKBovaa^ 1^ rip fiapfidp<op oi wepnfKMOPre^ rrip 
Evfiouip TTopre^ etTfa-ap hie^appipoh mo rov yepopepov 
j(eipMiPo<:. ^vXa^apre^ Sij rfpf itvr^p &pTfP, irXfiopre^ 
ewerrec-op ptfval KCKlc<rr)aL * ravrra^ Se ZuM^delpopre^, m 

» evt^popff ef€P€ro, aireifXMOP tmiato hri ro ^Aprepiaiop* 



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SEA-FIGHT!^ SBAB AI^IEMISION. 16fi 

TpirySi ^H'ip^f* iei;i4v ri irwiiaip^iH^ ol <npafrfffoi 
T&v fiapl3ap{ov vkm ovrto <r^v iiKtr/ai^ XvpMiveirBa^ Km 
TO dm-o Sep^ea Seifiaivovre^, ovk av€/i€ivav en roif^ 
"EWrfvcK p^X'^ apfyu* a^Xa irap^uceKeva-dp^evoi, /una 
fiiaop ripipri^ avfjiyov to? vw. Sweirvirre Se &CTe • 
Tvh avTiM ripJepcuH to? re vavfuayiai fpvtoBai, raura^ 
Koi Ta9 ire^ojuij^ia^ ra^ hf Btp^puiiirvKffai. *Hv Sk iroi 6 
drfii>v rolai xara Odkaairav w€p\ rov Evpiirov* &<rmp 
TouTi dfufi AemflteOt r^ ifffiokqy ifwXd^aetp ' oi phf S^ 
wapexeKevoPTO, oxck p^ iraprjaovat e? r^ *EWaSa tov9 lo 
fiapfiapov^* ol S\ iicw^ to *EKkapfycov cTpaTevpM 
Bca<f>0€ipavT€^, tov irdpov Kpar^aovct. ^12^ Se ra^dpbevot 
ol He^Cfi) eiriirXoop, ol ^EXKrpfe^ drpkpa^ el)(pv irpo^ r^ 
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veSyv, exvKXevoPTo m TreptXdfioiep (unov^» ^EvOevTep ol ik 
"EXXriue; hrcofejrKcoov Te km cnwefuayov. *Ev Tovry r^ 
vavp4i')(lr/ icapaaf>J\cu^ a>Cisa^<xMfi, iffivovTO. *0 yap 
Uep^eof oTpaTo^ vno p£yd6edg re km wXrjffeo^ atno^ im 
etovTov errkirret TopaaaopLepeeuf re t&p veS>v^ Koi irepmn" 
WTOuaetop vepl aXXi^Xa^. "OpM^ pivroi amev)(e, km ovk aa 
eUe * Zeivov jap XP^M^ eiromhno, (nro veSa/v oXiymp e; 
^vyrpf TpofirecOM. HoXKxu pip htf t&p ^EXXrpmp v^ 
Bteif^ffeipopTO, iroXXoi Be opBpe^* woXK^ S* en irkevpe^ 
pie^ re tSjp fiap/SapoDP kcu ivhpe^. Ovrto Se aywpt^" 
ficpoh Biiirrqaap x^P^^ eKarepou *Ep Tavrtf t^ pavp^a' 26 
xiy AhfinrTioi pip t&p H^feo) m-pariorremp ^puxTevcop • 
4i aXKa re peyaXa epya direBe^aPTO, km pda^ avrotai 
dpBpdai etkop *EW,i]piBa^ irevre. TStp Be 'EXXrpwp 
Kara ravrrpf rifp fjpAprip fipurrewrap *A0ffPaIoh km 
*A0rfpalo9P Kkeipifi^ o ^AXxifiiaBeco * S9 Banrtxptpf ouefihiP ao 



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166 HBBOBOTOa 

wape)(iifi€Po^ e<rrpaT€vero ai^pcur$ re ZvrimxTloun ibm 
oiiefftrf vrjt 



VIL OCCUPATION OP SALAMIS BY THF 
ATHENIANS. (Urania VIIL 40-42.^ 

*0 Sk ^EXKriviav vavruco^ trrparo^ anro rov Afyrefueriav, 
^Afffjvaitop BerjOetntav, h SaKafuifa Kariaj(u to? pfjft^ 

t T&vSe Be elveica 'irpoa-eSeiqOria'av avriov c^elv 7r/>09 SaKa*^ 
lilva *A0rjva2oi, tva avrot '7raZ&(? re luu, ^vvolUco/^ vrre^a* 
ydyaavra^ etc rf}^ AiTUcffit irpo^ he luu fiovXeva-o^vnu 
TO TTOt/qreov amoLat eoTtu. Eiri yap rolai leaTrjtcovax 
wpriyfuun fiovKrfv efieXKov iroiTjaeadai, 009 ey^^eva-fievot 

10 yvifi/q^, AoKeovre^ yap evpTi<reiv Ile\oirovvri<riov^ ttw- 
&7/Mi ev Ty Bownirj inroKarrnievov^ rov l3apl3apoVy rw 
fiep ^pov ovSev eov, ol te enwOdvovro rov *Ia0fi6v a^ 
rots rei'xeovra^ e? rrjv neKoTrowrfcov, irepi wKjelarov re 
'rroieufievov^ vepielvai, km ravrrfv ej(pvra^ ev ^u\aK§, ra 

16 Se aXKa dinevau Tavra 'rrwOavofievoi, oir<» Srj irpoa-e" 
herfifiaav cj>emv fryeiv wpo^ rtfv SaXapiva. Oi fiev Stf 
SXkoL tearetrxpv es rtfv SaXa/uva, ^AOn^vaioi he €9 r^v 
etovr&v, Mera Be rr^v airi^iv, xrjptjyfia hrotriaavro 
'* ^AOrfvalcDV tJ ri^ Bvvarat, <rw^eiv ra retcva re /ecu tov9 

90 ol/eeVay." *Ev0avra oi fiev irXeurroi €9 Tpoi^a wir4* 
areiXav, ol Be €9 Atyivav, ol Be e9 XcCKapUvcu "Eaircv^ 
(rav Be ravra vTre/cffeaOa^, r^ XPV^^^P^T '^^ /SovXdfievot 
vmjpereetv, kcu S^ kcu rovBe elveica ovk ij/curra • \eyova% 
oi ^AOrjvalot, S<f>iv fieyav ^vXoKa rffi oKpoiroTuo^ evBuu* 



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BATTLE OF BALAMIS. 167 

ritaOiu €» r^ Ip^ A^yoxHri re ravra, xai Stj feai,^^ 
eiirn eiri^fiTflfia emreX&^vci Trpondein^ * ra h* emfirfpiOf 
fieXiroeao'd eoTU Avrrj 8* ^ fAeXiroeaa-a, ev r^ irpoadeif 
ciU\ XP^^^ dvaur$fUiVfi€wj, rare ?fv w^avirro^. Svf^^' 
cn79 Se ravra rfj^ ipeltj^, /jloXKov ri ol *A0ffva2oi Koi B 
vpodvfJLorepov i^eXmop rriv iroKoff ci^ icai rfp Oeov 
afiroXekotirvtfj^ rrpf cucpcntdkuf. *fi^ S€ a^k irapra 
vwe^iKevTOt hrXMov e? to crparonrehov* ^Eirel Se ol aif 
AprT€iu(rlov 69 XaXafutfa tcardirypv ra^ P€a^$ cvueppee 
tau 6 \oviro^ irwOavopMH))^ 6 r&v 'EXKrfPwv vaxnuco^ lo 
arparo^ €k Tpot^jvo^ * ev yap Iloyycava rov Tpoi^rpfuop 
XifUpa wpoeiprpro avTCKeyeaOau XweKe^Ofiiraif re S^ 
mXK^ 7rXewe9 i'e€9 ^ eir *ApT€fu<rup €iHivfJbdj(€ov, km 
amv irokUnv irXetnwv. Navap)(p^ fiep wp enijp a}VTo^ 
Sair^p iir *Aprefuaup, Evpvl3uiSv)9 6 EvpvteKeiSeio, dvfjp i§ 
SvapTirfrrfi, cv fiePTOi J€P€o^ ye rov ficurCKrftov edop* 
mofi Sk irdKK^ irKeiara^ re kcX apurra irXioovaa^ trctpei' 
%9imo *A0fpfaio$, 



Vni. BATTLE OF SALAMIS- (Urania VHL 
78-95. B, C. 480.) 

TAp Se €P Sa\a/upi irrpartfy&p eyipero mOurfw^ Xo«- 
ymp iroXXo?. "HtBea-ap Se ov k€», Uti <r^€(K irepveKVi 
mXioPTO ryai prjval ol fidpffapot * oXX', Sunrep ty^ 
li^tqiiyg o>/K0y airroxf^ rera^pipoxf^t eBdxeop /eara x^P^^ 
Atu, SvP€(rrffKOT€0P Se rS>p arpaitf^Sip^ e^ Alylpfj^ 
iUfi^i *Apiar€iSff^ i Avai/uixpv, aviip *AdrfP<uo^ flip, 



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168 HSBODOTOS. 

wvOatfOfievo^ ainov rov rpoTrov, apiOTOV cufBpa yevelrtilaf 
or Aur^ifai iceu oyauorarov. » Uirro? covtip <rr«9 «ir4 to 
^weBpiop, efcieaXeero BefLurrotcXia, imna ptep wur^ w 

\ ^ihjov, ixOpov & ra fAoK^ara* vvo Sk fAeyd$€09 rm 
wap€OPT<»p Kcuciv, XiiOffv eK^prnv woievfieifo^ c^acaXleroy 
tfeXoov avT^ avfifu^tu* Upowci^Moe & St$ tnrevSoimf m 
oiro HeKoTTOw^dov ava^euf rats vfjas vpo^ roy *Ia$fia9, 
*i29 Se ^r^k cH Oe/uoTOickei^^t ekeye *Apurr€iSff^ roSe * 

10 " *Hpiaii ffTaaut^€iP xp^ov <0TI» €v t€ t^ aSXf xatf^ 
4MU oi; AMU 6^ r^iioe, fr€/}i rov o«ore/909 ^/Mfloy ttXcm a/foffa 
T^v irarpiha ipyJurerai. Aiy€» Se roif or^ Zo-oV car* 
TToXXa re 9uu ixlya Xeyeuf irepi cnronXoav rov kiSArei^ 
Ilekowotnnfa'iouru *Eyi^ yap avrowTff^ roc Xeyn ywor 

16 /A€i^09, irri vihff oiS* fpf deXe^i, Kopivdiol re Ktu mrm 
EivpvfiidBfi^ otoi re &rwT(u itcTrKHa-tu * irtpieypfkeQa yap 
VTTQ rSm woKeiiMV KvicKip* *AK^ eaehJBiv <r^ r«£ra 
iTr\yi/rpfQvr 'O 8' dfjkelfiero TOurBe* *' Kapra re j(p9f0rTa 
SuuceXevecu, /uu eS rffyeCKa^ * ra yap iyii> eUopap 

^y€P€adcu, avT09 ainonrrri^ yevopMfo^ ^/ce^. "laOi yap» 
€^ epio ra voievfACva inro MrfScav. EBee yap, ore avtc 
iifovT^ i0£Kov C9 Amtj^ icaTurTaa0ai oe^£XXiyuff9« akiWh' 
ras irapoATTr^aatai, Sv Be, etrel wep fjKe^^ XpiT^ra 
awayyeXKMP, airro^ a-if^i arfyeiXov. ^Hv yctp eyi avra 

S5 Xeym, So^ TrXoo-o^ Xeyeip, iuu ov irettrm, m ov iroieuy 
rmif r&p fiapfidpcuv ravra. *AXKa tr^ <rqfivfVov avT09 
irapekBmv a>^ exei. ^Elweav Se <rfffiTpnfi, t^ phf weWtMh- 
ratt ravra Sri ra KoKKurra' t^v Se ainola^ p^ff viara 
yofrfroA, op^nov tipSv etrrai. Ov yap ^i itaSpria-ovra^ 

an tSirep irep$expp^a irapraxoOev, m ffv XiycK." Tovt* 



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BATTLE OF SALAMTS. 169 

fJKHP, tetu fioyi^ i/cTrk&a-tu \a0oi>p rov9 eiropfUovra^ • 
irepit)(€<r0at, yap irav to arparoTreSop ro ^EXKtfpCKOP inro 
T&p pt&p r&p Eep^eoi * irapaprieaOal re avpelSovXeve cd9 
aXs^if<rofi€Pov^, Kcu 6 fiJp, ravra elwa^, fierecrrqKee * s 
r&P St air^^ eylpero \oyc9P dfjuf>ia'l3aalrf • ol yap TrXeiJ- 
i^ r&P oTpa/Tfiy&p ovte errelOopro ra e^ayyeXjSepra. 
^Aitiffreopnap Sc tovtcdp, ^/c€ rptripvy; avSp&p TyjpUhp 
auTOfioXeovcaf rij^ ^PX^ dpfjp HapoiriAi^ o Smo-tfiepeo^, 
ffir^ S^ e^^€ Trjp aKrjdfjtrjp ircurap, Ata & rovro to lo 
ipyop epeypcu^Tfcap TrfPioi ep AeKffma-y e? top TpiiroSa ep 
Tot^i TOP fidpfiapop teaTeKova-f^, Sifv Se &p raurp t^ 
Pffi T^ avTOfio\ri<Ta<nf e? SaXafUPO, /ecu Ty irporepop err 
AprtfiuTWP Ty Afffipirj, i^eirXfjpovTO to puvtikop Tolai 
EXXija-i «9 rav oyBiotcopTa /cat Tpi/rj/eoa-ut^ pfja^ • ivo yap u 
&j prj&u Tore /careBee e? top apiOfiop. 

Totcr^ he EXKriai »? wurra hrj Ta Xeydp^pa fjv t&p 
TffPM^p prifjLara, wapectcevd^opTO &^ pavfiayriaopTe^. 
H6»9 T€ Si€<l>aiP€, /ecu ol ovXkoyop T&p egnparewp iroiri' 
ir€tpt€Poi, wpor)ydpev€ eS ej(pPTa pip he trdpTODP Otfuaro^ 90 
tcX4rj^ • Ta Sc Sirea ffp, irdpTa tepe<r<r<» Tol<n ^troai 
aPTiTtBifiepa. "Oera he ep dpOpdynxnt ^vci kcu KaTcurrdiri 
eyyiperatf irapaipeaa^ SiJ, Totncap Ta Kpecam alpeecdcu. 
Km leaTaifKe^a^ Tip; pfjaiv, eaficupew exeKeve e? tcl^ pfja^* 
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pfl^, ^ Kara tov^ AuiKiZa^ airehi^fujae, ^EpOavra dvrjyop 
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170 HBBODOTOa 

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diraXkayrjPiu, ovrm Srf ol aXKoi *Afi€Ufijf fioffOemrre^ 
awifuayov. *A0rjpaioi fi€P ovT<a \€yov<ri rfj^ vaviutylan^ 
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s AloKtZa^ awoBfifiria'eurav €9 Alyipop, raxmpf eiiHu trpf 
ap^cuTOv. Aeyercu Be kcu roBe, w i^curfia <r^ ywayeoq 
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oKOvafu TO rS^v *E>CKriv<ov orparoireBov, opeiBiaatra^ 
irporepQP roBe * '' fl BaipAv^oi, h^XP^ /cocov en irpvpanpt 

10 opcucpoveaOe ; " KarcL pip Brj ^AOrfpcUov^ €rrra/)(wr^ 
^olpuce^* ouToi, jap el)(pp to vpo^ ^EiXevaaw re tcai 
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8' etj(pv TO irpo^ T^p f)& Te kw, top Ileipcuetu ^EOeXih' 
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16 oXiyoi ' oi Be vXeSjpe^, ov. "^x^ ^^ ^'^^ inr)(p&» 
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eKoPTOfP * ;^^o^MU Be avToia-i ovBdPf ir\rip S^fii^<rro' 
/>09 re Tov ^ AvBpoBapMfTo^t kcH ^vXdtcov tou ^IcruUovt 
Sa/uoDP ap^T4p<op. Tov Be etpeica pJp,pfjp,cu rovTmp 

so fu>vpa)P, St^ BeQp.ri<TT<op p^ep Bia tovto to epyop Sdpau 
eTvpaPpevce, KaTaoTfjtrdpTtop t&p Hepaiop* ^vXatoois 
Be, evepyerrj^ fiaaCKeo^ dpeypa(fyr), iceu x^PV ^ eBo^i^Off 
iroXKrj. Ol S' evepyertu tou fidaCKeo^ opo<rayy(U icdKe^ 
opTai IleptTUTTu Ilepl pJp pup tovtov^ ovrto etxi^* T& 

25 Be ttX^^o? Tm ptf&p ev r^ Sa\ap2pi eKepatiero • al pAp, 
tnr ^A67}pamp Bia^Oevpopepai, * cu Be, vwo AlyanyremPm 
At? yap tS)v p,ep ^^XKriPtap cvp xoap^p pavp^€0PT<»v 
KaTa Tq^w, r&y B\ /Sapfidpcop ov Terayfi&MidP erh ovtm 
CVP P0€0 woteoPTCJP ovBep, ep/eXKe toiovto a^i avpoio'e^ 

90 aOai, olop nrep aTrefir). KcUtoi rjaop ye Koi eyepoPTO 



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BATTLB OF SALAMIS. 171 

^ wpo^ Evfiolff* 7ra9 r«9 irpo0vfjL€Ofjb€PO^, /cai £e«- 
fuUve^v Bep^p* ^K€e re iKoaro^ icDirrop 0er^ea6<u 

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elvelp drpe/eeoD^, co9 excuTTOi r&v fiapfiaptov fj t&p ^EKKt^ 
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inf ^tSoKlfji/r)<r€ p>aXKop m irapa ficunXA'. *Eir€iBij yap 
•9 Oopvfiop iroXKop anrUero ra fiaaiKeo^ irprlyfuiTa, ep 
rotmp T^ Kaip^ t} pf)v^ ^ ^Aprefua-lff^ eSiwtcero iiro prjo^ w 
AmKr}^. Em ^, ovtc e^ovaa Sia^vyeeip, CfurpoaOe yap 
avTtj^ ^aav aXKtu pije^ ^tkuu^ 17 Se airrij^ irpo^ ra>p iro^ 
Xefiuwp fuiKurra €Tvyj(ave €ovaa * ISo^e ol rohe TroifjccUf 
TO iccu atiprflfeuce Troi/rfccurp, AuoKOfieprf yap vno 7^9 
*Amtcfi<;, ^povaa ipefiaXe prji ^iKtf), apSp£>p re KaXvp^ 16 
Si^p, Kiu axnov hnirXiopro^ rov KcCKvptkoiP ^a^OJko^ 
AafJM^Mfiov. El fi€P Kol Ti P€uco^ wpo^ ainop iyeyopee 
in wepl ^EWrjovoPTOP eoprtop, ov /lipTOi ef^<Dye exjn 
H^elp, ovre el he irpopotfj^ airra €7rolr)0'€, ovre el avpetcv^ 
pff€re rj T&p KdkvpSeoyp Kara Tuj(f}P irapaireaovaa Pffi^. 20 
*/l9 Se epefioKe re Koi Karehvtre, evrxrxyg XP^o*«/*«'^7^ 
hirf>Ja ewxrrqp ayaOa epyaujaro, "O re yap rij^ ^AmKvj^ 
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viSa elpoi, ^ airrofjLoXeeip etc r&p fiap/Saptop, kcu avrolat as 
apbvpeip, diroarpL'^a^t irpo^ a\Xa9 erpairero. Tovro 
/w, rowvro avr^ aup7\peiKe yevecOah 8uuf>xr/€€ip re Kci 
ft^ dvoXea-ffa^i • rovro Se, avpk^ri &cre koxop epya^rafie' 
ptfp, ami roiT'fDP avrrjp fidXioTa evBoKififfcai rrapa Uep^* 
diyerai yap, fiaaiXea Offev/iepop, fuiOelp rrip pfja efi^or » 



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173 HSB0D0T08. 

opfii ^AprefwrltfVt m cS urjfmifl^eTai, tcai vfja r&v iroXe 
^umv KOT^vae ; " Km rov eTrtlpeaOait c! ahsjBeoo^ mi 
*ApT€fU(riff9 TO epyop* km rov9 (fuivcu " acu^ua^ to 

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elpfqroh airr% ffwi^vwee h tirvxitfv f/evd/ieiia, xai 
TO T&p ac t^ KaXupSucii^ 1^909 pafiiva dTroactOarra 
icarqyopov yevitrdau Sep^ Si ehrcu Xtyercu vpof 

10 ra ^pn^ofjtepa * ** Ol p^ey SifBpe^ yeywaai /mm yvpaSr' 
ice^' ai & ywaSice^ atfSpe^" Tavra phf Bep^p ^otfi 

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*Apuil5iyvff^ Aapeioih Uep^e^ wp aSeXAl^eo^, drni H 

15 aXKoi "iroXKoi re mu opopuurroi Hepcejtop luu Mr^p^ tuu 
tS)p SXSmp avfApAj(i»p* iikiyoi ie Ttpe^ icai ^EXkrpmpm 
Are yap peeip €irt€Tdp£POif roiai oI p^e^ hi^^BeipoprOf 
Koi p/q €P x^^ Poptp avoKKvpepoit e? t^ XdKapipa 
hiepeop* Tip Se fiapfiapap ol woKKci ep r^ OdKaaof 

K) hu^6apri<ravt peeip owe hrurrofiepou ^Ewei Se ai irpA^ 
Tcu e? ^vyrpf erpanropTOg epdavra al irkeurrM Sietf^dei^ 
poPTo. Ol yap Sirurde rerayfjidpoit e? to vpocOe r^i 
Pfjvixi irapUpo^ ireipmp^epoi, c»9 amvSe^pspol ri kiu av- 
Toi epyop ficunXei, r^ai a<l>€rep7fai Pfival ^evyowr^i 

sg irepieTriirrop, *EyepeTo Se /uu roSe ep Tf» Bopifi^ tovt^ 
Twp Tipe^ ^owUap, r&p ai p^ hie^Oapearo, eK0oPT€q 
irapa ^aaiXea, SiefiaXKop rov^ "IcuPiK, «^9 S** ejceipoy^ 
airoXolaro ai, pfje^, «09 irpoSopT<up, Xuprpfeuce &p ovt^ 
&aT€ ^IcDPWP re roi^ arparfjyov^ piq omoXdadat^ ^OKpir 

^ /cap re rov^ BtafidWopra^ \afielp roiopSe pAaOop* "Sir^ 



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BATnJS 09 SALAMIS. 173 

rwrmp rnvra Xeyovrav, o^^SdXc vi]t *AmK^ Sa/Jto$p9fl* 
itlfi Vffi^ * ^ re S^ ^Arrucri icareBvero, luu hruf^epofAmf 
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i^ iovT€^ cucovTurrtu ol SafM)0pnriuc€9, rov9 e/nfidroi dira 

OOP T« Koi Sfrxpp auripf. Tavra yevofi^ya rov^ "Itova^ 
ippiauTo. *th yap e^J atf>€ag S^^ ipyop fi4ya 
ipy€urafUpmf99 irpdnrero wpoq tov9 toipuca/9» ota xmepku^ 
ir99fieffdi TV MOf vraifTaif alruifieuo^ * Koi a'^>&ov hc€Kev<re 
to; tc€^dKa^ carorofishf %a fiff airoi /caieoi jBp6/j>€Pot lO 
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Bep^i^ Tw itwTov Spycp n drroS&icpvfJUfHnf €v t^ vau» 
ftof^lfff Manqfiepo^ vm r^ ovp& r^ dvriov SaKafuvo^, to 
KoXeerai AlyaXeot^, dvenwdopero ivv iroirjoavra * Koi oi 
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r^ vdkiv. IIpo^ Se iri tuu irpop-eXafiero ^iko^ 
wp ^Apiapdfanf^, dvfip Hipirffi^ irapMv, rovrov rov 
^cmntcitov irddeo^ * oi /My Sfi vpo^ tov9 tolvuca^ erpa* 
wovro. 

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f^ Aiyipoiffp, eir ^ mkee IlvOevj^ 6 ^layevoov, top oi at 
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174 HEBODOTO& 

Ilepo-M KaTcucom^vra aperffi €Uf€ica Jlf)(pf» ip r^ mit at- 
winyKeofAepoi, Top S^ irtpid^ovaa ifM rom Ileptrpa'i 
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Alywav. *il^ Se iaelZe rrpf vija 7^ *ArT$i^ i 

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wp PTfi cfifidKap 6 IIoKvKpiTo^ anrtpp$fj^ h 6e- 
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CTpaTOP. 

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T€ 6 AlyunfTtf^, KM *A0i]pa2oi, Evfuptj^ t€ ^ApoyvpJ^ 

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KiKevoTo * irpo^ Be, km aeOXop CKevro fjtvpuu Spafj(fiai» 

^t^ ap (UP ^mpf ShjQ. Aetpop yap toi hroteupro, yvpouca 
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plpOiop oTpaTffyoPt Xeyovci ^ABfiPcuoi, ainUa KaT ap^aif 

» (i»9 avpefjuayop ai pfje^, eKnrKa^evra t€ km tnTepSela-aPTO, 
Ta loTia detpa/iepop, oiyec0M ^evyopra' ISopto^ Se 
T0V9 KopiP0lov9 T^p oTparffyiSa ^evyowrap, itravTm^ 
oiyea-Oa*. */29 he apa j>€vyoPTa^ ylpec0M t^ XdKor 
fupirj^ KaTa to Ipop ^AOrjpcUfff SKtpaho^y veptirlirTeiv <r^ 

10 KeKfjTa Belrf iropm^ * top ovre ire^JLy^upra <l>avfjpa4 ovhepo. 



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BATTLE OF 8ALAMIS. 175 

o5re T« rSnf airo t^ ot/xit^^ uboc^ irpoa^petrOM rouri 
KoptvBioun. T^Se Se avfAfidXKovrai etvat Betov to 
vptfffjLa • «9 70/) arf)(pv yeveaOtu r&v vq&v rov^ airo 
rov leeXfjTo^, Xeyeof ToBe* ***AS€ifuivT€, <rv /ia€V otto- 
arpey^^M^ ra^ pav^, e? ^vyffv &p/JurfO'4u KarairpoBoif^ s 
Totv ^jEJ\Xi7ya9* ol Se Koi S^ viK&ci, Scop auroi • 
^p&VTO hnKparria<u r&v e)(6p&v*^ TaShu Xeydv^ 
TCDV, airurreetp yap rov ^ABeifiavrov, aZri^ robe Xe- 
y€iv, ^ ** airoi otoi re elev dyofievoi Sp/rfpoi drro^ 
OvTfa/eeiv, ffv fiii vue&vre^ ifxilvwvrcu oi ^EXXqve^,** Oirm 10 
S^ airoarpe^vra rrjv vrjct, axnov re tcdi rov^ aXKov^, 
err e^epycuTfLevoKri ikOelv e9 ro arpardireSov. Tovrov^, 
fjL€v rouwrrj i^ri^ e^ei vrro AOrpfcutav. Ov fievroi avrot 
y€ KoplvOioi ofioXoyeovaif oXX' ev irpayrouri a<f>€a^ ou- 
rovq rrj^ vavfuij^ir)^ vofil^ovai yevecOiu • fAOprvpei he a<f>i is 
Koi 17 aXKrf '£XXa9* ^Ap^arei&rj^ Se 6 Awnfuiypv, dvijp 
A0f)V€uo^, rov K€u oTdyfp rt irporepov rovrtov eirep^vqaOffv 
CD9 dvSpo^ dpioTOv, ovro^ ev r^ 6opvP<p rounp r^ irepi 
SoXafuva yevo/jLevip r€tS^ erroiee, IlapaXafitov iroXKov^ 
r&v oirXiretov, A iraparerdyfiro wapa rijv dfcrrfv t^» 
SoKap^viTj^ xdip^t yevo^ edvre^ *A0fiv{uoi^ h r^ Vtirra^ 
Xeuxv vij<rov dire^rfce aymv, A roi^ Uepca^ rov^ ev r0 
pffiriBi ravrp Kare^vevcav irdmofi. 



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176 HBBOBOTOS. 



IX. BATTLE OP PLATAIA. (Calliofb DL 
68-65. B. Q 479.) 

, vov^ vm vvKTOt etBe re rov ;^eppoi/ ififjfioVf icaXwci^ row 
Affpuraaiop Btoptftea, §uu rov^ a&X^€0V9 avrov Eipvwv* 
Xov fuu 0p€urvSriiov, ekeye * *'^Ii iraSSe^ *AXev€w, eri ri 

s Xe'^e, raSe opeovre^ ^A^ ; *TfAeh yap oi irXi^M^fl*- 
poi ikeyere Aaiceicupjoviov^ oi j>€vy€w he fM»;c>79» aSXa 
avipaq ehnu ra iroXe/jua irptarov^ * roiv^ irpirepov re /ie- 
rurrafUvov^ Ik rff^ Taf«o9 etSere, vvv t« vifo rifif irapiHr 
ypfjLevTfv vvicTa km oi wdtrre^ 6p€0fiep SutBpdtrra/i. AU- 

10 ie^av T€, errei a^a^ SSee irpos rov^ o^rei/SeW apUrrav^ 
avdpwirwv p^XO ^MMC/H^i^aiy &n ovSspe^ apa eoWes^ ev 
ovSafiouri eovtri EXKfjai epawcSeucvvaro, Ktu vpiv §Uv^ 
€own Uepaimv cnrelpoKTi, iroXKfj he ye ifiev eylvero 
avyyviififf, eiraofeovrciv rovrov^, Total n kcu ovpj/Swre * 

\t*Aprafid^ov he 0<avfia km /ioXXoi/ eiroievpjfP, to k€U 
KaTapponSffo-ai AoKeSaifiovlov^, KaToppoB^acana re anro^ 
Se^aaOcu yvifirpf SeiXoTorffv, m yp^iv wki dva^^atrra/9 
TO aTpaTOTreSov lepcu e? to Offfialcop acrrv TroKiopKffaopS' 
vov^' TTjv m 7rpo9 e/Jtev fiaaiKev^ irewrertu. Kcu row- 

K) TOiv phf erepwOi eoTcu Xoyo^ * vvp Se CKeivoM'i Tavra 
iroievci, ovK errvrpeirTea etrri, aXKa huoKreoi elai, h i 
KaTaKafuf>0evT€^ Swaova-i ripHv t&v Stj eiroi/qaav Uepca^ 
iramfov hUai^*^ Tavra elira^, riye toxs Hepaa^ BpJjup^ 
Bia^dirra^ tov ^Aaomdv, KaTa otI^ov tS>v ^E)sXrpfwVp w 

Wihri airoSiBprfa-KovTCDV ' eirelye re enl AoKeBat^fiovlot;^ ra 
Koi Teyerp-oi fiovvov^ • *A0f)vaiov<: yap TpairofACPOVi h 



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BATTLE OF PLATAIA. 177 

TO ireSlop vTTo r&v Sj(B<ov ov Kordpa. Hipaa^ $€ opi^ 
ovTef apfifjfievov^ Bimtcew tou9 EXXrfva^ oi Xoiirol tSp 
Bappapuc&v T€\€<ov apj(pvTe^, avrUa frames r^pcof ra 
trrjfiriia, kcu iSuotcop w iroS&v eKoaro^ «7xoi^, ovre 
Koa-fup ovSm /eoa-fifjOanre^, ovre ra^u Kcu ovroi p^ey ( 
Po^ re KCU, ofuK^ etn^ia-cttf, 109 ovctpwcurofAevoi rov^ 

JSXXl/mi9« 

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T0V9 *A0fivalov^ hnrictf Xeye^ raSe • ^^''AvZp^ ^AOrjpcuoif 
ajSfvo^ pL€yi<rrov irpotcevp.ivovt eKevOeprjv elvcu ^ SeSot;- 10 
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flpsU re ol Acuc^cupAvMV kcu vfieh oi *A0fjvcuoi, {nro rijv 
irapovxpp^vriv vvKra SuxBpdvrwv. Nvp &v SeBoxrcu ro 
hfOevrev ro rrouqreop fipuv* ap^vpofiepov^ yap t§ Bvpd" 
fieSa apurra wepurreXXeip oXX^Xou?. Ei fiep vw e? 10 
vfjLect^ &pp/q(re ap^P 1} tTnro^t XP^^ ^ f)p,ea^ re, kcu 
rov^ p£r ^/MecDP rrjp ^EXKaSa ov 'irpoSi£opra^ Tejer^ra^, 
fioTfBeeof vfup * pvp Se, €9 17/^609 yap irrcura K€j((oprfKe, 
hUcuoi eare vfieT^ irpo^ rfip wte^opiprjp pJXurra r&p 
pLovpewp dfivpeopre^ lepat. El S* apa airrov^ vpia^ Kara- go 
XeKafiffKe d&iparop n fiotfOeeip, vfieU 5* ^jmp tou9 ro^o^ 
ra^ drn'oirefi'^apre^ X^ptP 0ec6e. SvpolSafiev Se vfUP 
wro rop TTOpeopra ropSe wdXefiop eown ttoXXoi/ irpoOvfJLO' 
raroKTi, &<rre kcu ravra etroKoveip.^^ Tavra ol *A0rfpa2oi 
o>^ eirvOopro, wpfiearo fiorjOeeiP, Kcii ra fidKurra erra/iv' as 
petp. Kcu c^t TjSfj arel^ovai eirirlOeprcu ol dprira'^OeP' 
T*9 EXXrjpoDP r&p fura PcurOsio^ yepofAepcup, &<rre p/qKen 
huPcurOcu fioffO^acu * to yap rrpocKelpspop c^a^ ekuiree. 
O(no9 S^ fiovp{o0€Pre^ AaKeSaip^PU)^ kcu Teyefjrai, eop^ 
T«9 cvp ylriXourt dpiBpkOP ol pip ireprcuci(rpMpun, Te^ ao 



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178 HBBOBOTOS. 

yerp-M Bi, rpur)(hsMi* oSrot yap wiojiia atre^^ttn^ 
inro AcuceicL^jLovlmv • e^r^oyia^oin-o, <09 cvfifiaXeoftnii 
MapSopiip tau ry arpari^ r^ 'irapeowrff. ISm ov yap 
<r<f>i eylvero ra cffxiyui j(pV^^^ ewvirrov re avrmit mt 

% rovTtp r^ XP^^V iroXKoif fuu woXk^ wXeive^ erpe^pafn^ 
^opTO * ^afairr€9 yap ra yeppa ol Tl^pcai, {nrt€aaaf viry 
To^evfuiTcov iroWa a(f>€iB€09s ovrm, Sxrre tn^^ofuprnp r&¥ 
SirapTiTjrio^p, tea* t&p cnf>a//uav ov ynwpitwp, earofikc' 
'^apra top Ilavaaplrpf vpo^ to *Hpaiop to nXaratium, 

10 hrucaT^aaaOai rrpf Oeop, ypvit^mna fMjSofui^ <npw ^ffti^ 
(rOrjpai t^ eKiriZo^. 

Tavra S* en tovtov hrucdKevfienov, wpoefavoffrcuh' 
re? irporepot ol Teyefjrai ejaipeop e^ rov^ fiapfiapooR. 
Em Tocci Aa^eBeufMpiouri ainUa fiera rffp eifj^p rip 

15 IIav(rapi€<o eyipero Ovofiepourt ra a^xiyia yp^flfrra. ^Hq 
Si xpoptp Kore ey€P€TO, e)(wp€op tcai ovroi evi rou9 
Ilepoas, /ecu ol HkptroA avrloi, Ta to^ p£T€pt99. 
*Eylpero Se irpSnop irepi rk yeppa /mi;^. */29 Se ravra 
€7renTa)K€€, fjBfi eyipero puixO ^^^'^(ypV '^^ <*^^ '^ ^^^VP'V' 

90 rpiop, Koi 'xpopop etri m-oWop, e; S arrUopro e? mB$afi/s9 * 
ra yap Sopara errCKapfiavofiepoi, KareKkmp ol fiap/Sapou 
ArifjMTV fiep PUP fcai pd/jurf owe Iccope^ ^av oi Uepcuk * 
aPOTr\oi, he eopre^, kcu wpo^ opeTrurrrifiope^ ^av, tuu 
ovfc ofioloi Tocci epapTioici <TOJ>l'qp. IIpoe^aiatroPT€9 Se 

26 Kar ^pa, koI Sexa, kcu irkeupe^ re kcu eKiacovef; cvtrrp^- 
^/lepoi, eaeTTinrrop €9 tov9 Siraprii^a^, tcci Steif^ipovro. 
T^ Be ervyxope avro^ eap MapBopio^, air tmrov re 
fui^ofiepo^ XevKov, e^otp re irepi etovrop XoydBa^ Hep-- 
aetop rov^ apiarov^ ;^tXtoi;9> ravrp 8e xal fiaKurra rou^ 

90 €PaPTU)V^ eirieaap. Oaop fiep p%ip j(popop MapSopio^ 



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BATTLE OF FLATAIA. m 

fnpiSjp, ol Si dvT€2j(pv, Koi dfivpo/Jbepoi tcaTeffaWov ttoX- 
Xoik rSof AcuceSoifLopimu * »9 Si MapBaifu^ dir^Bave, Koi 
TO irefi hcetpov rera^iMvov, ebv Itrxyporarmtp erreae, ovrm 
i^ tcai oi cChXot erpdirovTO, km fZfoi^ rourt AcuceSatfUh' 
Moiai. Hket^TO^ yap a^tofi i&tjKirro ri €c0ij^, epfjfio^ • 
im k r a SnrXmff * 9r/909 yap oirXira^ iovre^ yvfit^e^ dyiiva 
ifnH^Strro^ ^RvdaXna ^ re hiiaii rov i^vov rov Aemvl&ea^, 
matra to XP^^irrripioif, roiai Straprirfr^i ix MapBovlov 
4nriT«X€rro* teai viiajp djHupitra^ tcdKKiimiP drn'oaeauf 
vw 17/mSp iSfiMv Ilav<ravifif^ o Kk^fAfiparov rov ^Ava^anh' lo 
hpii^m. TSov Sk tcanvirepde ol irpoyovtav ra ovvofiara 
upTfTOA ii Aetuvi/Svfv * covTol yap <r^i Tvyj(4unw<rt eovre^* 
A mw vffr m ii oc Mapoovio^ xmo Aupan^(rrov, apopo^ €» 
SirdpTjf XoyifAou * S9 XP^^'V i^^^p^^ fi^a ra MfjButa 
ixjav apSpa^ rpt/riKOiriov^ ovPMfidKe hf Sretn^/cKriptpy iroki^ le 
fuw 6orT09» M^aofjviota^ iratrt * xai avT09 re dweOave koI 
M rpifffcdcu}^ '£y Se UXaroi^i ol IJepirai ii»9 erpwiroV" 
TO iiro r&p AoKtBa^fwpimVt e^Mvyop ov&iva Koafiop e? to 
impardweSov to imtnmtf fuu 09 to Tei^09 to f t/XAyor, to 
iarot^trmpTO ip f*olpif ry Qfffia&i. SwvpM hi fwi, Sicm^ 90 
impc^ rff^ AjifUfrpo^ ro aXaos fAM)(pfJiipwp» oi£k els effnunf 
rifp Ilepawp oure ia-eXBaw e9 to repopos, oure epairoOa^ 
wmp, rrepi re to Ipop oi wKiiaroi ep r^ fiefirjX^ errecop^ 
Aottdm Se, el Ti irepl r&p Oeltop rrpfgypidrfop SoKeeiP Se^ 19 
mm aim) a^peaii ovk eoe^ro^ e$i>irp^<Taprass ro i^p ro epn 
'£X€iwMf4 dpatcTopiop. Avrtf pJp pvp 19 /u^ hrl rocovrm 
eyeuerom 



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ISO HEBOBOTOS. 



X. BATTLE OF MYKALE. (Calliopr IJL 
98-106. Sept., B. C. 479.) 

Oi Se *'B!\Xf}P€^, w hrvOovro olx^fcoran rov^ fiapfia-^ 
pov^ €9 T^i' ffirevpovt i^Ooino w hcir^etrfon^v * ei^ qwo" 
plff T€ eixoPTO S ri, irot^ai, dre cnraXKaaatovrai inrUrw^ 
eire Karam\i»(Ti eir ^EXKrjaTrovrov. Teko^ B* eSofe 
rovrmv fiev fjvqBerepa ira^etv, eirvirkiuif Se hri rip 
IjTreipov, Uapao'tcevaa'dfiepoi &v k vavfJMxh^ ^ ^o 
BaJBpaq Koi ra aWa itrwv eBee, errkeoif eni r^ MvKaXrj^* 
Ehrel Si ayxov r€ eyivovro rov crparow&ovt teal ovSel? 
j^aiVero <r^t hrava^o/iepo^, aXKa &pmv v€a^ aveKKvafii^ 

ir ya^ e<T<o rov rel^eo^, woXXov Se ire^v irctpcuceKpipspop 
vapa TOP aljidkov hfdavra irpSrrov pip ep ry i^ 
^apam\€a>p, eyyfpiyfta^ r^ cuyuiK^ ra pJXurra AtvrvyU 
&79, inio icripv/eo^ irpoffyopeue roici "Ima-t TJrftov • ** ^Av 
Spe^ I<oP€^, Scot, vp,€<up rvyxdvoviTi eircucovopre^, p^i6er€ 

15 ra Xeyw • irdpr<o^ yap ovSep avprfcvwri Ilepaai rw 
eym vfup hniXKopAu ^Eweop avp^p^laymfiep, p^fmjaOal 
ripa 'jfpiri ekevOepifj^ pip irdprcDP irpArop, pLvra hi, rov 
<rvp0rip4iro^ ^H^tf^. Kal robe l^rrm kcX o p,rj icatcov^ 
aa^ vpifop nrpo^ rov efraKovaapro^.** */2vto9 Brj ovro^ 

80 €<op rvyxaP€i poo^ rov rrprffpairo^ k<u 6 Oc^krro/cXw 
o eir ^AprepM-up. *H yap S^ XaOopra ra pripanra 
rov^ iSap^dpov^ epeXKe rov^ "Iwpo^ Trfurcti/, ^ erreira 
apep€tj(0epra €9 rov^ fiapfiapov^, iroirjceip dnrlarov^ rour$ 
EWrftn, A€vrvj(lZ€ei> 8e ravra {nroOep^pov, Sevrcpa 

* &y rdBe eiroUvp ol ''EXKrfpe^. npoaaj(ppr€^ ra^ pia/^^ 
airefifftrop €9 rop alyiaXop* km ovroi pip erdao'oprp. 



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BATTLE OF MTKALE. 181 

01 Se nipaaif w etZov tov9 "EKKaiphk irapaaKevii^ofii'' 
V0V9 €9 fMfxtp^* ^ Toun "Imat irapawtaannfVit rovro psp, 
inrovorfacan^ rov^ Safuov^ ra ^ElWrfPov <l>pov€€tv, 
airtupkovrai ra UttKo. Ol yap &p Sd/uoif oTrucofiivmp 
*A0fivawp (uy/Mkonmv ev t^ci vffuai r&v ^ap^dpcav, b 
rov9 eka/Sov ova rrp; ^Attuc^v \e\eifAfi€Pov^ ol Bep^ea, 
TWTOU^ Xu€rd/A€Poi TTovra^, airoireiiirova-i, erroBuiaavTe^ e? 
TO? *A0Tpfa^' T&v eiPCKev ovk fftctoTa vmn^hfv €tj(pv, 
Trepratcoaia^ fc^fxiKa^ r&p Udp^eto iroXefiwp \wrafiepoi. 
Tqvto Se, Ta9 SioSov^ ra^ h ra^ Kopv^a^ tt^ MvfcoKtf^ lo 
<f>€pauaa/9 irpooTdaaova rolai MtXtfciouri ^vKao'ceip, 
m^ ewurre^AepoKn htfiep fioKurra r^ X^P^^' ^BSiroieup 
Sc rovTov UPCKCP, tpa exro^ rod crparoiriBov iaxn. Tov^ 
rmf^ fiip *Iiip»p, rourt /ecu KareSoK^op peoj(/wp op t$ 
nt4H€€iP Bvpo/juo^ eirtKafiofiepour^ rpoiroKTi rouwrouri is 
irpoeifniKaa'aoPTO oi HipiTcu* Avroi Se avP€(f>opff4raP' 
ra yeppa ipico^ elpoi cj>i, 

'fl^ Se ipa irapeiTKeviiiaTo rouri ^JSXXiTCi, irpoar^Urap 
iTfm T0V9 fiapfiapov^. ^lovai Se a^ 4>VHV *re eaeirraro 
i^ TO crpariir^iop wap, teal tefjpvtCTJlop €<f>apff eni rtj^^o 
seupMrmyfj^ tcelfiepop* *H Se ^p^ BiijIKdi a^ &S€, w oi 
^BXXffpe^ rtfp MapBopiov aTparrpqp pucmep ip Boterroia, 
fjtaf)(pfi€Pou AfjKa Hi iroKKolai, reKfjuipiouri eon ra 0ela 
rip wpfjyfiarwp • el kcu tire t^ ovt^ VH^PV^ avp/m- 
irroiiTtf^ rov re ei^ nXarat^ai icai rod ep MvKdXtf fieXKop^ » 
ro9 eaeadai rpt^fiaro^, i^M roltn EXKfjai roun ravrp 
ioravUero. ^liare Oaptrffa'ai re rrp^ arparirfp iroXKf 
fiSXXjQP, Mu idekew irpoOvpArepop KipStweveiP. Kai roSe 
irepop avpeireae yepopspop, Arffiryrpo^ refiepea ^EXevtnplff^ 
vapa dft^orepa^ reW avfi/SoXa^ elpai. Kai yap Stj ePdo 
'6 

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IBS HBftOPOTOB. 

ry ItKarraJZi wop ovro to A^nAtfrpuiV eyivtro, m^ jciu 
wporepw ftoi uptfTOh ^ /^ixi?, km hf MvKaK/ff efuiXXe 
&iraurm^ eaeaOeu. Tefovanu Sc vliofp rm fiera ilou- 
aavUm ^EXKrpnnf op0&^ a^ ^ <Pvf^ at/pefiatpe ekffowA * 

ft TO /A€v yap hf ItKurcufQa^ irpnoi en T^y VMPV^ eytvero • 
TO Se €U Mv/caXjf, irepl Betk^» ''On Se rfj^ airrfi^ Vf^^VV 
aw€fiaaf€ jip€a0€Uf p/tivi^ re rov avrav, xpiv^ ov iroXkj^ 
a^ vorepop S^Xa dvaiiav6caiovai eylvero. *Bv Se appc^' 
hiq 0-^4 irpi» ripf ^fr^^irpf hrairuciaBaA, ov ri wefi cr^ew 

loavT&if o^a>, m riuf *£XX^vo>y> pHi vepi MapBovi^ 
irraUjf fi *EKKa^. *il^ p,evTiH tf tcKfjiinf airti a^ 
iaeirraTo, fAoXKov n /mu rajfvrepop Trpt irpoaoSotf 
eiroietWo. Oi p!kv Hi ''BXXtfPe^ seal oi fiapfiapoi, &nr£v 
Sop 69 T^ P^X'^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ yijo-oi «uu 6 ^EKkfimro^ 

2ft T09 aeffKa irpodtcevro* 

Tolark pAp pvp ^ Adfipaloiai, km rolai wpoo-c^co-^ tov- 
To^o-i T€T<iyfi€Pouri, P'^xp^ Kov r&p ^fuawPt 17 0S09 
eyipero kot iuyiakop re Koi av^p j(i»pop' rola^ Sk 
AaK€B(up4}pioia'i koI roiat eire^ TovTour& reraypspouri, 

so Kara re j(apaSpfjp km wpea. *Ep ^ & oi AoK^tupapun 
rrepii^iaap^ ovroi oi hrl r^ erepip xepel m km S^ ip^ 
Xopro. "End^ pAp PVP roko^i Ilep<rj^^ op0ia ^p ra jeppa, 
^pipopro re km ovSci/ eKaaaop et^op r^ A^X2^ *E7ru Se 
r&p *A0$fpau»p KM rip irpoaexetop o arpcpro^t ot^/m 

Sb Mvr£p yepfyvM ro epyop km p^ AoKeSaipMPiwp, %apmKe ■ 
Xevaapepoi, epyov etxopro vpoOvporepoPt evdevrep 1^ 
erepounho ro Trpifypa. Aiwcdpepoi yap ra yeppa oSroi, 
^pofAepoi eaeneaop aXeen e? tov9 Tlepaai^ * ot Se Be^i^" 
poi, KM xpopop atrxyop apuupopepoi^ reKo^ e^euyop in to 

aoT€!xo9. ^AOfflHuoi & km KopipOioi km Xmommcwm km 



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BATTLE 01* MTXALB. 188 

Tpoil^rpnoi, otfr© yap i^aav eire^ rerajfiepoh avperrtciro^ 
fi€vo$, {rwttreinmTov h to reZ^o^- */J9 8« Koi to relxo^ 
dpalpfiTO, ovr en tt/oo? ak/efip erpoTTovTo ol fiap^apoh 
TTpb^ ^vyrpf T« opfJLearo oi aXKxH, ir\^ TleptrioDV, OS- 
TOi 8^ Kar oXlyotj^ yivofi^uoh ifjboxpvro roiai alel e? to 6 
retjc^ €<nriirrovak ^EXKtfvwv. Kcu raw CTpaTtjy&if 
tAv nepaiK&v Svo fjiev affroif>€vyown, Svo Se tcXcu- 
rwai. *ApTaivTr)^ piv fuu ^lOafilrprf^, rov vavrueov 
arpaTfjjemrre^, airo^>€ijov<n* liap^vrq^ 8e km o rov 
W€^ov oTparfjyo^ Ttypavff^ p4»)(pp>epot reT^eur&ai* "En lo 
Se fju»xPfAW<ov r&v Ttepcmp, cnrixovro Acuc^icupAviot lau 
ot p,er avrmu, kcu ra Xoinra aupBte^tipi^op. ''Ev€<rov he 
K€u avT&p T&p *EXKi^p<op av)(Pol hSavra * oKKm re, koi 
SiKVWPtott KCU arpaTTfyo^ IIeptK€(o^, T&p 8e SapMop ot 
4rrpaTevofA€POh eopr^ t€ €p t^ oTparoTreSfp r^ MhjSik^ is 
MU atrctpaipriptpoi ra SttKo, w etSop axnuca Kar ap^a^ 
yiPop,€Prpf €T€pa\K€a rtfp p^X'JP, ipSop Scop eSvptaro, 
irpoam^XeeiP iOtXopre^ rolai '^JEJXXi^cri. SapJov^ Se 
lUpre^ ol SXKoi "Iwpe^ ap^apra^, ovrca &y kcu avrol 
€nroordpT€^ ami Uepaiwp irreOepro rota-t fiapfiapouri, » 
M^Xtfo-iouri Se irpotrereroKro piv r&p Uepaecop ra? 
StoSov^ rripAft amrfjpifq^ etptKci a<f>i * m^, fpf apa tr^w 
Kara\apl3dpif dtd irep KariXa/Se, S^ppre^ ^yepopa^, ati^ 
ffinrrcu h to? Kopwfw rfj^ MuKaXtf^. *Eraf)(OffC'av pip 
PUP eni rouro ro 'irpffypa ol MiXTicioif rovrov re eiPCKCP^ 26 
Koi tpa p^ rrapeopre^ ip r^ arparoTreStp n peojawp 
^oi€ot€P* Ol Se rrap ro epaprlop rov irpocrerayp^pov 
moUop * aSXa^ re Karffyeop^epoi a^i oBov^ ^>€vyowrh A 
Hi i^pop €9 T0W9 7roXep40V9, kcu T6X09 airoi o-^t eylpopro 
Kteufopre^ iroXepivnarou Ourm S^ to Seurepop *Iwplr^» 
anro Ilepaewp am-eorrf. 

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184 HEB0D0T08. 

P€UOi,' tccu ^A0f]pai<ov, ^EpfJLokv/co^ 6 EvOvvov, atnfp 
ira^Kpariov hraa-fCTjca^ • rovrov Se rov ^EpfloKuitop 
KartKape varepov tovtwp, iroXifiov eovro^ ^AOffvcuourl 

6 T€ Kcu Kctpvorlouri, iv Kvpwp rffi Kapvariff^ X^P^ 
cnroBavovra ev am»^, KeiadoA eiri repaurr^ Mera 
Se *A0r)vaiov^, KopivBioi mu Tpoi^rflfUit luu Sucvtavioi 
^plarevaav, ^Eirei re Si KarepycuTavTO oi EWfjvc^ 
T0V9 7ro\Xov9, T0V9 /A€V fjui)(pfievov^, T0V9 Be KM ^€Vy09' 

Uto? t&v fiap/Sdpcov, ra^ vda^ eveirprjirav km to reixo^ 
Snravt ripf \rftrfv vpoe^ayayovre^ €9 liv OAr/uiKAv* 
K<u 0rj(ravpov^ ra^a^ j(prffidT<ov evpov, *Efi'rrprfa'aV' 
T€9 Si TO rel^o^ K€u ra^ pea^, am-eTrXeop. ^Airuco^ 
fupoi, Se e? ScifJU}p oi ^EXKtjpe^, IfiovKevoPTO wepi 

16 apaoTaaio^ rfj^ *Ia>plf)^, Koi omj J(P^^ ^''^ '^ *J5XXc^- 
Sov KaroiKlaai, rrj^ avrot er/Kpaii^ ^ap* rrjp Si 
lapirjp direlpcu rolai ^apfiapoun, ASvpotop yap 
€<l>€UP€To aif^t ^pcu €(ovrov^ re ^Ioopcop wpoKaTrjaOtu 
<f)povpeopTa^ TOP iravTa j^opop • km €0)vtS>p firf irpo' 

» KaTfjfiepmp, '^Itopa^ ovSep,icup ikirlSa el'xpp j(alpopTa9 
wpo^ T&p Uepaetop awaXka^tP. Upo^ ravra TleXo- 
vopprjauop fiep Toiat ep TeKei eova eSoxee t&p pjrjSi' 
(ToPTfOP edpetup T&p ^EWrfpiK&p Ta ep/iropia e^apcunrj^ 
capTCL^, Sovpcu T7fp x^PV^ ^Iwcv epoLKTJatu* Adffpaiouri 

96 Se ovK iSoKee opp^i/, ^I^plrjp yepecOcu apatrraTOP, ovSe 
neXoTropprfa-toun irepl t&p <r<f>€rep(OP atrotKietop fiov- 
\eveip. ApTiTetPOPTCDP Se Toirmp, wpodvficj^ et^av ol 
IIe\oTroppri<riou Kxu ovto> S^ Safuov^ t€ koI Xiov^ 
K€u Aecfiiov^ Kcu Toif^ aXKov^ Pf)aurr(v:, A enrxpp 

so (TvaTpaT€vdfi€POi TouTt "EWrjo-t, e? to aufifiax^op hroi- 



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SIEGE ASD GAPTTIBE OF SESTOS. 185 

lia'OPTo, iriam r€ tcarakafiovTe^ tuu opKiouri^ ifkfUpew 
re Koi firi iiro^rrqaeadcu. Tovrov^ Sk KardKafiopre^ 
ofucioiai, hrT^ov rwi ye^vpa^ Xvaovre^ * en yap eSoxeop 
arrerajiUpas ^ifprqaup* Ovroi [ukv S^ err *EXK7i<nrovTov 
ewKeav. • 



XL SIEGE AND CAPTURE OF SESTOa 
(Calliopb IX 114-12L Autumn, B. C. 479- 
Spbino, 478.) 

Oi Se €K MuKoKfi^ opfjbffOeinre^ ^EXKffve^ err ^EXKtfo 
vovTOv irpSnov fuv nrepi Aetcrov opfieov, xnro dvefM^p 
amv\afi^0€PT€^ * €p0€VT€p Be airucopro €9 "AfivSop, /col 
TO? yej>vpa^ ^pop BiaKeXvfiep(K, ra^ iSoKCOP evprjcetp 
en hrrerapJpiK' icai rovrtop ovk ^tcurra up€K€p e? tovIO 
* EXKii<nroPTOP dirUoPTO, Toiat fiep pup dfjufn Aeurv^L" 
Bea UeKoTTOPPricioun eSo^e anroir\4up h rifp ^EhXalBa • 
^AOrjpaloiat £e tuu Uap$iinr<p r^ crparrfy^y avrov viro 
fieipavra^ ireipaaOcu rrj^ Xepcoprjaov. Oi fMv Hi 
direirXeop • ^AOffPoioi Se^ he t^ *AfivBov Sia^apre^ €9 rrjip !• 
Xepaopfjtrop, Svotop eiroXiopKeap. E^ Be rrjp X'^iarop 
raxmpft w eopro^ Ifrxypordrov T€ly(€o^ rSw raurp, ovptjfK' 
0OP, m rj/covaav irapeipoA tov9 "JSJXXiyvo? €9 rop *JEI\XiJ<r- 
iropTOP, he re r&p SXKwp t&p irepioitciS<op, tcai B^ /ecu 
€K KapBvq^ irokio^ Olo^a^o^, aprfp Ilepaff^, 09 ra etc r&p » 
yetf>vpe6i)p awXa epOavra tjp Kexop^Km. Etj(OP Se rav' 
Tqp €7nj((apioi AuiKee^, avpfjaap Se TJipccu re lecu rap 
aWcop avfifidjdoDP av)(Po^ jSpXKo^* ^Ervpdppeve Be rovrov 
16* 



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186 HEBOBOTOS 

Tov tH)/jLov Bep^ew Ihrapx^^ ^Apraiienf^, atnip /uar H^ 
17^9, Setm Se kcu drda-OaXo^. ^(h Ktu paaOJa eKai- 
vovra err *A0riva^ i^rprdnfjo'e, ra npanea-tkiCi tow I^- 
icXov ^(prifiaTa e^ 'jETXoiotWo? v<l>€Xofiepo^. Ep yap 

6 'EXotoiW^ T^ XepaovTfi-ov eoTi npcrrea-ikeo^ rd^ko^ re 
tcai T€fJL€vo^ wepi avrdv, evOa ^v j^piqfioTa rnXKa, icm 
^uiKtu ')(pv<r€aA icai dpyvpecu, kcu j(aKKd^, $c€u ecBrfip Koi 
aXKa dvaBrniaraj ra ^Apravicnf^ eavKqaCj fiaaiXeo^ 
BdvTO^. Aeymv Be roidBe, 'SUpfya BufioKero* "Aeairora, 

10 eoTL dhco^ dvBpo^ ^B!\Xfivo^ kvBaXhu, S9 hn yrjv 7^ aijip 
a-Tparevcdfiepo^, Sucff^ tcvprjaa^, aireOtwe, Tovrov fAoi 
S09 TOP oltcop, tpa leal r^ fJi^y ^^ 7^ Tqp aipf §a^ 
trrparevea-Oeu. '* Tavra \ey<op, cvirereci)? e^uXKe dpa-- 
'/reiceip Ec^fea Bovpcu dpBpa^ oIkop, ovSep vTroroTrffOepra 

i« T&p €K€ipo^ €<j>pop€€. *Ein yfjp Se Ttp/ fiaaiXeo^ arpa- 
revea-Ocu npaneaiKeayp ekeye, poemp roiABe • t^ ^Aairiv 
TToaap pofju^ov<n itovr&p etpcu Tlepaa^, tuu tov aU\ fioc 
aiKevopTO^. ETrei Be eSo^ Ta xp^H^'^^t ^ 'jETXoiovrro^ 
69 SffOTOp e^^pfjae, $ccu to refiepo^ iaireipe, icdi epefie^ 

ao TO ' avT09 r€ &ico>9 dirUovro €9 ^EX/uovprOt ep r^ divr^ 
yvpcu^i epiayero. Tore Be hroTaopKeero xnro ^AdfiPoU^p, 
ovre TrapecKevao'fjLepo^ 69 iro'KiopKi'qp, ovre irpoa-Betcdfiepo^ 
Tov^^EW/rjpa^' d(f>v\dfCT4p Be/eto^ avr^ eireirecop, ^Eirei 
Be 7ro\iopKeop,epouri <rif>i ^wdirfopop eireyipero, luu 

«6 fi<r)(a)CKop ol *A0fjpa2oi wiro Te Ttfi etovrSw dtroBrffieopre^ 
fcai ov Bvpdp£POi e^Xelp to Teixp^, eBeoprd Te t&p arpttr 
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eOTKTAIAHS. 



ORIGIN AND GROWTH OF THE ATHB- 
NIAN EMPIRE, FROM THE PERSIAN TO 
THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR. (Lib- L cc 
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192 THUEn>IDES. 

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m vavrucolf^ yeyePTjfUpot;^ f'^y^ irpo^peuf €9 to /crri^a^rOm 



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194 THUETDIDES. 

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Kcu (pKurav avrot. Upo^ Z\ Kapvar^ov^ mnol^ apev r&v 
SXXoop Ev^o€<op iroXjefio^ eyevero, Koi 'XJpovtp ^w€/3fj^ 
u Q trap Koff op^oXoylop. Na^loi^ Be arroaraxn fiera 25 
*^ ravra eTroXep/rjaap, tcaX iroXvop/cla irapea'n^a'apro, 
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eSovXMOf), erreira Se xal r&v aXKtov m exaarrf ^we/3i]. 
Alruu Se aXXai re rj<rav r&v airoarcurecov, kcu fieyioToi 
al r&v il>Jp<i)v KCU ve&v eKBeiai, kcu XenrooTpariov et r(p 30 



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196 THUKTDIDES. 

eyeuero • ol yap ^ABrpfoIo^ cucpi^pw en-peurcop kol Xt/Tn;- 
po\ ffcav, ovK euoOoaw ovSe fiovTijOfievois roKcwrraypetp 
'/rpoaayovre^ ra9 avaytca^. Haav Be 7ra>9 kcu aXXci>9 
oi *A0rjva2oi ovxen ofiom^ ev ^Sov^ apxpvre^, kcu ovre 
i ^wecTparevov cmo rov Jaov, p^iov re irpoa'a^e<rdcu 
fjv avToi^ Tox;^ aj^iaTap,€vov^. *flv cturol a4,ru>$ €ye- 
vovTO 01 ^v/j,fuij(pi • SuL yap ri/p airoicvri<nv raurriv t&v 
OTpdreuiv ol irXeMXf^ avr&v, ofa /if) air ot/cov taci, 
j^-qfuira era^avro cani t&v ve&v to hcvovpsvov avar 

.0 \(OfUl <f>ep€Uf, KM ToZ? flkv ^AdffVOMl^ l/V^O TO VaVTlKOV 

OTTO Try; Sam-avry: ^v exetvoi ^fi<l>€poi€v, avroX Be, iur^e 
a'troarcuev, a/jrapa/TKevoi koL airetpoi €9 top wokefLOP 
KodloTapTO. 

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iBirorap^ Ip Hafi^vXla Tre^o/jui^la km pavfia'xla ^^ 
AOfjpaieop KM T&p ^fifu^xtop irpo^ M?fSot;9> km IpIkwp 
T^ aur^ rip^pt} ap^>oTepa *A0r)Pa2oi Klfuopo^ rov MCKrir 
aBov oTparfiyovpTO^, km etKop rpiripet^ ^oivlxcop km 
Bie<l>0eipap ra9 wcura^ €9 Ta9 Suucoala^. Xpopfp re 

90 varepop ^vpefir) Gaaioxf^ ovt&p am'oaTrjpM, htepe^Oepra^ 
irepi T&p €P T§ cani/irepa^ Op^Krj ep/iropuop km tov 
fieTaXKov, & epe/iopTO. Km pavai psp eirX &a/rop 
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yrjp airefiricop^ etri Be ^Tpvfiopa irep/y^upT€^ /ivplov^ 

15 oucrfTopas min&v km t&p ^fifiaj((a}p xnro tov^ avrov^ 

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OBov^ pvp Be Afi<f>liro\ip, t&p fiep *Epvea *OB&p avTol 

€KpaT7f(Tap S9 €lj(pp *HBa}Pol, Trpoe>J9oPTe^ Be T779 8/39/079 

69 futroyeuip Bie<f>0apr}a'ap ep Apa^rjCK^ ttj ^HBtoptK^ 

90 inro T&p QpoK&p (vfnropTcop, oU TroXifiiop ^p to j(ioplop 



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GBOWTH OP THE ATHENIAN BMHEB. 197 

ai *Epv€a *OBol /eri^ofievov. Gaaioi Si vi/erjOepre^ 

fAaj(cu^ /cai voKiop/covfievoi AaxeStu/jLOviov^ eire/caKovtrro, 

Kol eirafjLvvcu exeKevov icfioKovra^ I9 t^ ^Attuci^. 

01 Si xnre<r)(pvTO fiiv Kpv^ r£v *A0fpfcuc»v kou €/jl€XKov, 

Si€Kooi\vOffa'aif Si inro rov yevo/uvov ceurfiov, Iv fp km a 

oi EtXarre^ aurol^ /cat rSnf ireptoLcwv OovpiaTol re /ecu 

AiOeei^ €9 ^IBip/rpf aTreaTtfa-at/. ilXeurroi Si t&p 

ECKtarmv eyevovro ol r&v iraKiuw Meca^vuDV rore 

B. c SavKoodetrrmv cmoyovoL * y /ccH Mecarp/ioi iicKrfifi^ 

*^ cav oi wavre^. JI/w piv (Av tov9 iv ^Iddp/p 10 

0,0, iroXjepo^ /cadetcrrycei AcuceSoAp^vioi^ * Qcutmv Si 

^^ rpirip eret iro>uop/covp^po$ a>p4)7ioyTfcav *A0ffwuoi9p 

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ifuq/cuvero 6 irokefjto^, aKKov^ re iire/eaXeaapTO {tz/t/ia- 

j^oi/9 /col *A0f}valov^* ol S* fjKJdov KipMVO^ OTpaTq' 

yovvTo^ irKrfiei ovk oXiyfp. McLktoTa S avTov^ hreiear 

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€y€V€T0. Ol yap AcuceScupJvioi, eireiS^ to j(mplov fica 

ovx V^^f^^^* Selaaane; t&v ^Adfjvaio^v to To\p/qp6v» 

K<u TTjp veayrepovouav, /ecu aXXo^vXov^ apoL ^yrfaap^evoi, 

ari Ti, ^v irapap,€lv€i>a'i,v, inro r&v €V ^lOcjp/rf iretaOivre^ 

v€(OT€ptcm(r$, p^vov^ T&v ^vfip^X"^^ QTreirep^y^av, Trjp 

fM€v uTToyp'iav ov Sf)KovvT€^, elirovTe^ Si on ovSiv 

irpoaSeovTcu avT&v ere, Ol S' ^AOrjvcuoi eyvcoaav ovk W 
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198 THUKYDIDES. 

hri Tjp fieK/rioPi Xoy^ aworreprn'ofiepo^ a)iki rufo^ 
vimrrov j€ifOfiiwv mi Seum voifqaafimfQi seal owe 
a^iiacane^ vrn Aasc^aifwpicnf tovt» woBw, €u$y9 
hru^ imj(<lifp>9fcvw, a/^ePT9i Ti^r yenofutniw hn r^ J^'n^ 

§^fM§ia;xlav vpo9 aAroi^^ *ApyHOi^ rdk hoBumtf woke- 
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■uvriyjBaf, (vtmfiffoxtv 'oym rwg AamSatftopuB/is i^ ^ re 

loe^lairw i/c Il^Xormpw^ov w iiiHi7fp » S w tau frnfieirore 

hrvfirfooincbi, air^ • tfp Bi ri^ dklawf/nu, rw Xafiovro^ 

ehm SovKop. *Bp Si t» Kti ^^oti^mov roSp Ajouc^Zodr 

fjMplot^ IIvQum vpo raSf top iMcrfffp roS Am tov 

Idn^rfra cu^uveu, ^EfifkOop Se airoi km 9ra!Sc9 Ktu 

IB ffvpoUe^ • tuu aunm *A0ffpaun Se^ffLepoi tuvf e)(ffo^ 
fjSrf TO Asua^iJMpUov €9 NnuTnuerop icar^ptuaap, tjjp 
inrxpv yptpcoroi poioari AoKpSxp rStp ^O^yum e)(opTmp. 
Jlpoaexdr/nfotuf He mi Mer/ap^ *A&ffV€im^ €9 ^vfAfia^iap, 
AasceiiUfiovloav umaTaPve^, Sn uurov^ KopivBiot vefi 

j0 7^ ^pcioir ^dkifi^ icaTeif)(pp - km eajfop ^AOrpctuH Miyof^ 
pa Ktu tliffw;, Koi ra fuucpa relx'f ^'^oBdfMjtrop Meyi»- 
pevo"* Ta dfiro tt? froKen^ i^ Nurauip, koI e^^poupov^ 
avToL Km KopivOloi,^ fup ov^ ffKUrra airo ravSe to 
CiffoBpop fiuro^ ^p^arro ^qjArop €9 ^AOffPolot^ yepea-Oct^ 

9S Ivapo)^ he 6 WapjifjTvxpv, Alfivf;, fiaciK&s ^c. 
Atfiwop tAp irpo^ AvyvTTT^, opfi^fMepo^ ^k Mapeia/^ ^^' 
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diro fiaaiXe^D^ *Apro^€p^v, koI auro^ opj^p yepofiepo^ 
AdrjvoMV^ tirrjyayero. Oi Be (^enrxpv yap €9 Kuirpop 

fo OTpaT€uop>€POi pavrt BuucfHruu^ avrip r€ koI tUp 



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6B0WTH (Xi THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE. 199 

(vfitfiaixa>v) fjXJBov airokvffwre^ ri^ Kinrpcv, kcll aw^ 
m^evaearre^ amv BaXdaatf^ €9 top N^TKov, tov re 
woraiAOv KpoTown^ icai r^ Mi^i^^tZo^ r&v Bvo fiep&p, 
'trpm TO TptTOP fJkepo^t t tcakeircu AmJi^v T€c%ov> evro- 
Xe/M^vr* hnja-aif Si avrodi, Hepa&y luu MtjI^v oi s 
Kafra^xrfotfT€9 /ecu Alyxnrrwv al fi^ ^parn'ocTMrre^. 

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poSou IloTUfAov Se KaraanUn-Q^ irpQ^ Ah/(^vrfra^ *A0ij' 
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tKarepot^ nrapij(rav tui hdicmv *A$fiwuoh ^ ^o,v9 
ifihopLTiKOVTa Xa^oW«9 WTWf €$ rifp yt^v wjrefir^ap tea* it 
tiroluoptcoWt AetOKpwrovi rov Srpolfiov arpaTrjyowTO^. 
E^eira neXoTrowrfa-un dfwveiv ^ovKo/Jkepoi AlyiviirM^ 
€9 fthf rifp Alywop Tpiatcoclow OTrkirw irporepov 
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B c. ^ o^r/m T$9 Fepaveiag Karekafiop Koi 69 t^i^ Me- aa 
^' yapiSa scafrefitiaav Kopiv0tot p^ra r&v ^P'P>aj(wv, 
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{Ofcurrriffea'dai, avrov^. Ol H AOrjpcuoi ro pip irp6^2S 
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irrroXoiiro^p oi t€ irpea-fiuraToi tuu ol p^dfraroi o^ckpovp^ 
roi €9 ra Meyapa Mvpo^plBov arpaTqyovpro^. Km 
f^^XV^ 76W)/t€W79 Icoppovov 7rpo9 Kopivfflov^ iieKpl' 
Oi^ap dir oKKrjKfDP, koI epop^taop avrol hcdrepoL ovk^ 



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200 THUKYDIDKa 

(^hcpaTTja-av yap Sfio^ /jloXXop) oTrekOovrav r&v Kopw 
0WV Tponrcuov Sanja'av* ol Se KopivOun icatu^ofi€POi 
inro T&p Of r^ iroKei irpecfiurip^v, km wdpiurKevaa-ar 
i fievob rifiipa^ varepov BtoSetca fidXurrci, eKffoirre^ apOl" 
crcurav Tpairaiow km avro^ (o^ vuer^acarre^. Kai ei 
^A0r)va2o$ eKfiorjOrjaavre^ he r&v Meyapcsv tqv^ re to 
Tponralov Icrrama^ Suuf^Oeipova, km rol^ aXKot^ {tz/i^Sa- 
Xoirre? hcpanfiaav. Oi Sc vucmp^evoi, tnr€j((opow koI 

10 Ti avTW fJL€po^ ovK oXijov, TTppafiuurOep km Biafiaprov 
Tfj^ oBov, etrerreaep e^ rou j((a»plov iS^orrov, ^ enr)(€P 
opvyfUL iiiya irepielpyov km ovk r^v l^oBo<;» Ol Se ^AOtf' 
VMOi yvovre^ Kara irpoa'toirov re ecpyop rdk ottXatoav, 
KM irepurrria'avTe^ KVKXtp rov^ '^^iKov^ Karikevaav 

isiravra^ tou9 ia-eXdovra^ km irdOo^ pJya rovro Kopuf^ 
Olo^^ iyepero. 1% Si wX^ov dwexfoprjaev avroU r^ 
OTparia^ eir oIkov. 

"Hp^carro Se Kara rov^ ypovov^ tovtov^ K(ii ra 
fjMKpa relxn e? OaKMraap *AdrivaLo^ oucohofulv, ro re 

^ ^akijpopSe KM TO h Il€$pMa» Km ^(x>k4(ov orpaTev 
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TrdkuTfiaTCDV tovt<ov, ol AoKeSofJbopu)^ NiKOfirfioj;^ tov 
EXeofi/3poTOV virep IIXeujToapaKTO^ tov Ilavacuflov 

^ fi€un\€<D^, viov oinro9 erft» ^ovfiepov, efioTjOrja-av Toi^ 
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KM T&v ^iiiiaj(fov fivplot^, KCit Tov^ fa>K€a^ opjoXoyuf 
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Km KaTcL OdXaacap fiep avrou9, Bia rov Kpuraiov 

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GBOWTH OP THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE. 201 

ir€ptm\ewravT€^ SfieXKov Kdkvtreiv hia he rf^ Tepo' 
V€ia^ ov/e acr0a\€9 i<f>aipero airoU, ^AOfivauov expvrmv 
Meyapa xal Ilfjyd^, iropeveaOcu. Awrohi^ t€ yap ij 
I^pdpeui, xai €<f>povp€iTO ael viro *A0f)vaimv' ic(u rore 
^OavovTO airrov^ ^eKKovra^ luu rairp /cojikvceip. • 
^ESo^ S avToU €v BouoToU irepiiieivaai <rKe^aad(u 
irtp TpoTTfp aa^cLKi(rraTa tuLiropevaovrcu. . 1^ Zk rt 
KCii apSpe^ T&v ^ABt^vaUov eirfjyov airroif^ Kpv<l>a, ekwi- 
cavre^ hrjfiov re Karanravireiv /coi ra ficucpa relyri 
oiKoBofiovfAeva. *E^ori$ff<rav Be eir avrov^ oi ^AO'^vatoi lo 
WitvSrjfiel K(u ^ApyeUov ybuoi, k(u t&v SXXmv ^vfLfia- 
ytov C09 &caaTO^ • ^fjmavTes Be eyepovro T€rp€ucur)(buoi 
Koi fivpioi. NofAicavres Be cnropelv iirr/ BtekOmciv 
hreoTpareva'av airroU, kcU rt /ecu rdv Brffiov KaraXv- 
<rew^ wro^io. HXOov Be kcu &eaadK&v Imrfj^ roi^ 16 
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epytp irapa rov^ AcuceBcufioptov^, Fevofievrj^ Be fia'X^^ 
€V Tavdypa rr}^ BouaruK evUwv AcuceBaifiovioi /ea\ 
oi ^vfifuix^ot, /ecu ^01/09 eyevero afuf>orep{ov wo\v^, 
Kcu AaKeBcufiovioi, fiev h rfjv MeyaplBa ekOopre^ iicalao 
BevBpoTOfATia'carres iraXiv dmjXdov err olieov Bia Fepa^ 
vela^ KCU ^ladfjbov • *A07jveuoc Be Bevrep^ kcu e^KO(rr^ 
fjfiepa fjLera tijv p^Xt^ etrrparevaav €9 Bouorov^ 
MvpcavUBov oTparrfyovvro^, kcu pMyrf ev Olvo<f>vTot^ 
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trepietKov, Koi AoKp&v r&p * Oirovtrrlmv eKorov avBpa^ 
ofiripov^ rovs irXovaruayrarov^ ekafiov, ra le relyrj ra 
iavr&v ra fuiKpa hrereKeaav. ^tlpLoXoyqaav Be kcu 
Airfitnp-cu p>€ra ravra rol^ AOrjvaloc^, rei^q re irepU" 30 



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203 Tnuj^xvlDES. 

Xovre^ Ktu paih wek/KtSerrei ^apov re rofa/iifiPM €f 
lip' eiretrra j(po§fov. Ktu Il^KMVQV¥fi<TO¥ irepu" £> ^ 
frXeiMToy ^ABfjwaSoi, ToKfUSov t<A ToKikoiov arpor ^^ 
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^ Ktu XaXxiBa KopcvOimv vekt¥ cZXoi/, xai Xucymwiom hf 

01 & Iv ri AtyvwT^ ^AOtpHU/Oi km ^ ^vft^jfoi hre^ 
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1% fihf yap wpArov iKp&row r^ Al^yvirrov *AOffpaioi, 

10 Mu fia<r$Km iripnru h AMc^aifiova Meyaffal^mf 
opBpa nipcrfVf XpiZ/Mora i^fovra^ ^^9 €9 r^ ^Arru^ 
hr/BaK&af ireiadiin^v r&v n^XoTrowTfcmv air Al- 
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X^p^^ Mu ra yjpffiiuvra aXXa»9 avaXoi)ro» o pip Meyor 

16 fia^o^ icoi ra Xoiira r&p p^pi/^Aaro^y iraXiP €9 t^p *Aaiap 
€Kop,i<r0ff, Meyafiv^ Si top Zcmvpov irepm'ei, afhpa 
HipariPt p^ra or/oarw oroXX^* S9 atf^ucapepo^ Kara 
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ra9 re pav^ eirl tov ^pov ivoirjtre Koi T99 pt^oov Ta 
iroXKa fpre^pop, tcai Suifia^ eZXe Ttpf Ptjaop TreJ^. OStw 

np^p Ta T&p *EXKrfP€9P irparfpaTa e<j>0apff9 e^ enf iroXe^ 
fiTiaapTa' «uu oXiyot airo iro\K&p iropevopcpoi S«a t^ 
Acfivrf^ £9 KvprjPfjp eo'iidfja'ap, oi Si irXeioTOi awa- 
XopTO, AiyvTTTo^ Se itoKlp inro fiatrCKiea eyepero, irXifp 
^Apvpralov tov Ip to'v; iXeci fiaciXea^ • tovtop Si Sia 

npJyeOo^ T€ TOV ikov^ ovk ISvpopto eKelp, tuu ipa 



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GROWTH OF TSR ATHENIAN EMFIBB. 203 

liW)(tlMjfnarroi ela-i rSip AhjfVTrrimp oi ^E\€u>^ Ipap<»9 
Se 6 Atfivcop' ^ouTiKeu^t 09 ra vavra ^pa^€ mpi r^ 
AlyvTrrov, irpohoaltf 'Xaf<j>0€h avearavpidni* *Ek Se t&p 
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MevZr^iov xepcK, owe el&ore^ rSiy yeyetnifianov oifSep* 
teal auToii he re ytfi arar^a-opre^ ire^ol tau iic Oor 
Xeurati^ towU^p pavritcop tU^Bupav ra^ iroKKov; t&p 
pem^, ai S ^J/cravv^ Bi,i<f>vyQP mkip* Ta §u€P Kara 
Tvpf fieyakfip arpareuw ^AOfp/aimf tcaX t&p {uf^/uipfoii^ 10 
h AlrpnTTw ohm en\e6Ttyra>. 

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ov^ oKKo irpovxfiiip^i cunoh oiZep Sip ipeica €<rrpaT€v- 
a€ip, a\X' aire)((ipn<Ta;p woKip ^Opearqv e)(pPT€<: anrpa- 90 
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(etxov S avToX To/i H'fffwi) irapmhj^iiap e? SiKiz&pa^ 
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fiaarre^ Suev6^pla>p tov9 vpao'fii^tiPTw: fiaxP hepaTriaap.m 
Kcu €V0V9 irapoKafioPTe^ ^Axbuov^, seal Suvn-Xeva-apre^ 
iF^pcoft TTfi ^AxappopuK €9 OlptaBtv: lirrpaTevcreaf fuu 
etroXiopKOVP, ov iupto^ etKop ye, a\X anr^mp(f\cav 
hr oIkov. ^Tcrepop Se, huOairoPTfOP er&p Tpi&p, 
avopBai ylypopTcu Hekoiropprialoi,^ mS. AQtivoAOi^ ao 



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204: THUKTDlDEa. 

wevraereU* Kai ^EXKrjviKov fi€v TroXefiov Utrxpv ^q^ 
ol *Affi]vcuoi, €? Be Kunpov earparevovTO vavai *^ 
Suucoauu^ ctuT&v t€ /ecu r&v {t^At/u^coi/ Klfuovof 
OTpaTTjyovvTO^, Kcu i^fycovra fAOf vfje^ h AtjvTrrov 

6 air avT&v hrKevaav *AfAVfyraiov fieTam'efvirovTo^, roS 
61/ ToU iKeci fi<urt\ec9^, al Se aXXcu Kiriov eiro- ^^ 
XLopKow* Kifuovo^ Si am-oOcufovro^ tuu TufjMv *^' 
yevo/ievov am-exfoprftrav anro Kiriov, tuu wXjeva-carre^ 
xnfkp SaXa/juvo^ rij^ hf Kxnrpfp tolv^i tuu KiKi^ 

10 €PavfJLaf)(fia'av xai hrefyiutyyiaav a/ia, luu vucrfa^avre^ 
afKf>^€pa anrexjiipria'av eir ot/cov, zeal al i^ Auyv^ 
iTTov vffe^ iroKiv al €K0ov<rai, /ler avrcnf, AaxeScufio^ 
viot Be fiera ravra top lepop tuCKovfieuov woKefiov 
earparevaaVt kcu, Kparrfyrcane^ rov hf Aek^l^ tepoO 

iBwapeBoaav AeT^oU^ kcu oS^t? varepov *A0ffvcuo$, 
diroj((opf)aravT(ov avr&v, CTpareuaavre^ kcu Kpan^ap^ 
T€9 wapeBoaav tmKevciv, Kcu j^yovov eyyevofievov 
liera ravra AOtfvcuoi, Botan&v r&v <f>€vy6vr<ov e^ov- 
Tfov ^Opj(piiev6v Kol Xcuptavecap kcu aXA,* arra xwpia 

^rffi BounnuK, ecrparrevaap iavr&p p,€P ^Ouoi^ inrXl- 
rcu<it Tclfp Be ^i^'iiaycsp w hcaarov^, hri ra x^P^ 
raSira iroXefua ipra, ToXfilBov rov ToXfuuov OT/^ony- 
yovvro^. Kcu Xcupwpeiav eKopre^ [kcu apBpam-o^ ^q^ 
Blaopresi] cpirex^povp, <l>vXaKtjp Korcurrria'apre^. ^' 

^ Ilopevofievoi^ Be airrow €p Eioptopela emriOevrcu ot re 
Ik rffi ^Opxpfiepov <l>vya!B€^ Boi<or&p koX AoKpol fier 
air&p KCU Ev/Soecop <l>vyaB€^ kcu Scot rij^ airlfi 
yptop/q^ ^arop* kcu fJutyr/ Kparr^avre^ rov^ fjdp &ۥ 
<l>0€ipap r&p *A0rfPcuoDP, toi;? Se ^&prcp; eka^op, Kcu 

so TTip Boicoriap e^ekiirop ^A07)vaiot 'jracap, airopBai^ 



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QBOWTH OF THE ATHENIAN EMFIBE. 205 

wotffcafuvoi e<l) ^ rov^ avSpof KOfuovprcu. Kai oi 
^^evyovre^ Bounn&v KareXJBome^ kcu ol aXKoi trainee 
airdvofiot waXiv eyevovro, 

Mera Se ravra ov iroXK^ vcrepov EvjSoia aTrcon; 
amv A0f)val<»v, /toi £9 airriv Sia/SefiffieoTO^ i]St) Ilepi' • 
RC kkeov^ OTpai'i^ ^AOrjvcuoDv, ^yyekfftf air^ Sr$ 
^^ Meyapa ai^iirrqKe kcu TleKjoTrowr^avoi fiiKKovatv 
ecfidKehf €9 r^ ^Attiktiv /eai ol ^povpoi A07jvcumy 
Sie^apfuvo^ elaiv vtto Meyapewv, irXfjv Saot €9 
NiaoMv ani^XTfov * hrcuycuydfievov Bi KoptvOiov^ kclI io 
Sucimviov^ Ktu ^EiriBavplov^ airearriaav oi Meyapfj^. 
*0 Sc IlepiKkfi^ waXiv Kara ra^o^ e/eo/u^e vrp^ 
OTpOTiap €K rrj^ Evfioia^. Kcu fiera roiho oi ITeXo- 
irowr^Mi T79 ^ArTVKffi 69 *E7\jewrlva kcu Splm^e 
eaficCKovre^ eSyaxrav, IlKeurroapaKTo^ rov navaaviov is 
fiaatXeco^ AcuceZaifiovLov ^ovfi€vov, Koi to irkeop 
ovKeri 7rpo€\J0ovr€9 am-e^taprja-av hr oIkov* KdX 
^AOfivalov irakiv €9 Ev/3ouw Sutfiavre^ IIep^K\^ov% 
orpaTTjyovvTO^ Karearpey^vro iraaav, kcH rriv fiep 
aXKajv ofwXoyltf Karearriaavro, *E<Truua^ he e^iKi^^ 
catn'€<; avTo\ r^v yfjv l(rj(pv* * Ava/)(<oprf^avTe^ Sc 
afiro EiffiouK ov iroXK^ iirrepov cirovia^ eiroi/r^avro 
irpo^ AajcehoifJMvlov^ Koi tov9 ^p^p^ov^ rpuucoproiM 
T6i9» aTToBoPTe^ Niccuav kcu Ilfjya^ kcu Tpoi^va kcu 
Ayatcof* ravra yap el'xpp ^AOrivaloi TleKorrowriaUav. ^ 

^Ekt(p Sc €T€i SapJoi^ KCU MCKT^alot^ woXep^^ eyevero 

wepl Ilpiripff^' Koi oi MiXriatot eKcuraovp^evot r^ iroXe- 

aa HP> ''rap* *A07fvalox^ ekddvre^ Kare^dtov r&v Sa- 

*^ pMOP. UvpeircXap./Savovro Se Kal ef airry: rip; 2'a- 

uov ai^/369 iSuircu, veoorepla-cu fiovXopevoi rf^v iroXiTeiau. 3o 

18 



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by Google 



S06 THUKTDIDSS. 

toama Sti^Kpariop Kariffn^trav, km Ofiripav^ ekafitm 
T&v Sa/jU<»v irarrqicovra fiip vaiBais urov^ & apBpa/9m 
^uu Kar^OmfTo 69 Aqfofop, tuu ^povpav eyxardKurmn-et 
B av^x^pffo-au. Tim Be Sa^Ump (ijo-op yap ru^ A 
wx vn'^ft^voPj oXX* Sffwyav C9 rijiv Ipreipop^ (vvdefie^ 
9f0i rw ev ry woKu TOi9 Bwarcrraroi^ tuu Hnramh 
Bpff T^ ^TiTTcunrov {i;/i/Aa;^iW» S? etyae Saphet^ tot€, 
iviicovpov^ T€ ^XXeJ^urrcs ev eirrcueoaiov^ iUfiviatw 

10 inro vvKTa €9 rrpf Sapcv, mm vpSnov fibcv r^ £>zmt» 
errcofear^av km hcparfiaav rSw vkEtartov, en-eira rovt 
oftripov^ Kkey^avre^ ex Arjfivov roi;^ axnSnf air4<mi'* 
iranf, KM TQts <^p(wpov9 rot/9 AOrjvcumv km tqv9 
apxovTCbf;, ol ^anv wapa a^iaw, e^eBocop Tltxr<rov0v^ 

uhrL T€ MtKqrov evOv^ napectceucL^opro arpareveip. 
Svpam'eo'Trfa'Mf 8e aurol^ Bv^Joarrioi. ^AOffPoioi Be i^ 
^doPTOf TrXeua-apre^ pav<np e^riKOpra eirl Sc^iov, 
ToZ? phf eKKoiBeKa t&p pe&p ovk exprtcoano {hvyw 
yap M fL€P eni KapuK e? vpoaKOviiP rSw ^ovpuraSxp 

%,veStp olj(Pfiepa4,t al o eiri Xiov km Aeafiov wep^ 
orfyeKKovCM fiofiOew), reffcapaKOPra Be povai km 
reaaapo'C, IlepucXjeoi^ Bescarov aurov ffrparfiywPTo^, 
ivavpAx^ov vpo^ Tpayla ry pr^afp SapMtp pauatp 
e/SBofirfKOPTo, &p ^<rap m eiKOtn crparwynZe^ * erv^pp 

»Be al iracM awo MCKrjfrov irki^ovacu. Km cpIkvp 
*A0rfP(uou ^Tarepop Be avroU efioriO'qcap Ik t&p 
*A6rfpSfp pfje^ TeccapoKOpra km Xtoop km AeapUap 
wane km etKoa, km airofiapre^ km Kparovpre^ t^ 
TTcf^ eiroTuopKOVP rptcri rerj^co** Tqp iroKip, km €K 

90 ffaXaatrri^ ofia. nepiK\rj<; Be Xafiayp i^KOPra pav^ 



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OBOWTH OF THB ATHENIAN EllPIBB. 207 
mo rSxp €if>opfwva'&v VXl^^ Kara raj(o^ em Kavpov 

WTOVi TrXiovaw* 4x^sro yap tuu Ik rffi Xojuw m-€irr€ 
iwuai Xrriaa^opa^ Ktu aXKot iiri rh/i ioivlaa^a^. *Ev 
TovT^ Si oi Safuoi e^am'tveuof^ SienXow Troi^aafieifoi, a 
ofppaxTfp Tp crp€ProifeSf hnwwovre^ ra^ re irpo^V' 
XxuciBa^ vav^ Bi€<j>0€vpav, luu vavfAw^ovvTe^ ra^ dpra" 
P€tjofUifa9 ivUfticaVg /ecu T79 6aKa0-afis rrj^ koSI* 
eatnois iKpaTrjaa^ fff^epa^ irepi reaaapatnccuZtKa, mi 
iaeKOfiiaavTO Koi i^etcopLUTamo h ifiovXovro, *EXr 10 
ffotrro^ Bi HepycKjiov^ ira>av rcun vcwai teareKk^aOff' 
.4UW. Em itc Tw *A0fpfw iarepov wpofrefiarfificau 
Tea-ciipaKOPTa psp ai p>era SovKvSiSov tuu ^Ayvwvo^ 
ieal ^pfUa>iH>^ vtje^, etiUkn Se al fiera TKr/woXtfiov 
Kci ^ApTiKKeots, €K Se Xiov mu Aea/Sov rpuucovra. is 
Eju viWfia'xlav fiiv riva /Spofxeiav eirokr^fxmo ol Sar 
fuoi, aZtwarot Se ivre^ avrur)(€iv l^enrokiopKffiriaav 
hwTfp p/rjvl tuu wpoae^fipfja'av ofu^Xoyla^ reiyp^ re 
staOeKcnne^ tuu ofiripov^ Bovre^ km vav^ irapaSopre^, 
iuu ')(prnJLaTa ra avaKdoBiina Kara j(p9vov^ ra^afAOfom 
amroSovpeu. Uwe^Tjg-euf Se $C€u BvljoarriOi^ mairep km 
wparepa¥ xnr^KOoi dpM. 



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by Google 



GOTKTAIAHS. 

PELOPONNESIAN WAR 



I CONGRESS AT SPARTA (Lib. L cc. 66-87.) 

ToU S* *A0f)vcuot^ KOi IleKoTrowfjariot^ alruu fihf 
fwrai irpoayeyepijvTO €9 aXkriXov^, roU fJ^v KopivOloi^, 
OTt rriv TIoTiSauLV iavr&p ovaav airoiKuiv teal opSpa^ 
Kopip0uov re kcu IleXoTrowrfa'uov ev avr^ Svra^ eiro- 

s luopKOW, rolx; K *A0f)vaioi^ €9 tow TleKoTroinrqalov^, 
ore iavr&p re iroKxv ^fifUf^^lSa kcu if>opov xnrorekS) 
aireoTTjaav, luu ekBopre^ <r<f>lirvu otto rov irpo^apov^ 
efLajfpvro fiera IloriZauirwp, Ov fieproi S ye iroKe' 
fio^ 7r» ^peppwyet, aXK en apcucoy)^ ffp* iSla yap 

loravra ol Koplpdioi e7rpa^ap» HoXiopKovfUpti^ Se rr^ 
HoriZaia^ ov^ 'fl<J^^cit^op, avSp&p re a^lcip epovrtop 
KCU afia rrepi r^ X^P^ BeSiore^ * irapeKoKoup re 
evdv^ €9 rrjp AaKcBatfiopa rov^ ^vfAfui'Xpv^, kcu Kare- 
fio<ap ekOdpre^ r&p ^Adrjpauop, irt afropim re XeXv- 

.5 Kore^ etep kcu dSiKolep rrjp neXoiropprjaop. AlyijnjrcU 
re <f>apepw fiep ov irpear/Sevo/JLepoi, SeSiore^ tou9 *A0fj' 
vcUov^, Kpu<f>a Se ov^ fJKurra fier {lirrcop anjyop rop 



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CONGBBSS AT SPABTA. 209 

wokefiop, Xeyovre^ ov/e elptu avrovofioi Kara to? 
airovhas* Ol Se AoKcScufioviot, irpodrapcucdKeaavre^ 
tS>v ^fifia)(a>^ Te Kcti el t/? rt aXXo €<fyrf ^Si/cfjaOai 
vTTo *A6f}vai(ov, (vXKoyov (r<f>civ aur&v woirjaapre^ rov 
€UD0dra Xeyetv ixeKevop. Kal oXXoi t€ wapidvre^ $ 
eyKXrjffiaTa eirouivvTO w (Lcaaroi Koi Meyapiry:, Srj- 
XotWe? fi€v Kcu ^epa ovk oXiya Suuf>opa, fiaXurra 
Se \ifi€V€DV re etpyeaOai riv kv rp *A0ffPCua>v apy^ 
KCU rfjjf; ^Arrucffi a/yopw: irapa ra^ airov^a^. HapeX" 
Odvre^ Si reXevrcuoi KoplvOioh icci rov^ SXKox)^ lo 
idaavre^ irpSnov wapo^uvcu tow AoKeSaifioviov^, eirel- 
irov rouiie. 

"To wurrop v/jlo^, & AcuceScufidvioi, rfj^ icaff vitm 
avTois woXtreta^ kcu ofiiXia^ aTrujTorepov^ €9 rot;? 
aXXov^, 7JV Ti XeyfOfiev, Kodltrrqari, • kcu air avrov 16 
a'a><l>po<rvvfjv fiev e^ere, afuiOia Se irXeovi irpo^ ra 
€^ Trpdyfjuara ypfjaBe. TIoKKaKi,^ yap frpoiiyopev 
dvrtov ^fJL&p & €fieXXo/iev uiro ^Adrivcuatv fiXamrccOcu, 
ov irepl &v eSiBacKOfiev eKcurrore rrpf fid0f)<rtv errot^ 
€ia0€, oKXa t&p XeyopTiov fmXXop {nrepoelre w Sp€K€pvd 
tSup avTol^ ]Ztq BuKl>opa>p Xeyov<np* kcu St amo ov 
irpiP ira<r)(eLP, aXX* hreiStj kp r^ ^py<P ecfiep, rov^ 
^fLfidj(pv^ TovarSe TTcipeKaXea-are, ep of? irpoariKei 
^fui^ ovj(^ rfKurra ehreiPt Satp kcu fieytcra iyKXrifiara 
€)(p/i€P, VTTO fi€P Athjpaitop vppi^0fA6P0i, uTTo be VfMOPSm 
d^Xovfiepou Kat et fiep cuf>aP€i^ irov opre^ rfilKOvp 
Tqp ^EXKaia, BiZcLaKaXla^ &i/ (»9 ovk elBdai wpoceSet* 
pvp Se rl iel fiOKprfyopecPj &p tou9 /^ heZovXonfiipov^ 
Qpare, roU B* eirifiovXevopra^ avrov^, koI ov^ ijfcioTa 
T0Z9 'qfi€Tepoi<s ^fifid^ocf:, kcu €k iroXXov irpoTrapea-Kev- ^ 
18* 



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mo THUKTDIDBS. 

^urfi€vov9, €4 wore iroXejjulfrovTiU ; Oi yap &» Klfuoh 
pokf T€ u7ro\afioPT€^ filcf f^A&v Ayop Kok HwiZaMav 
eiroXiopKoxw, &v ro /i^ eiruauporarov ^coplov vpo^ Ta 
eiri QpfKfq^ diroj^pfjcQcu, 17 Si vavrucop ctv fbejiarcv 
birapiaye IleXowovpffa-iov^. Kai r&vBe ip£k alrioi, ro 
T€ Trp&Tov eaaaine^ avrov^ rrp^ rroKof fiera ra M^Buea 
Kfiwrivfu luX wrrepav ra fuucpa airfjo:a* relxq, is rdie 
T€ ael cmoarepovvre^ oi pLovov rov^ xnr hcemap St- 
SovXofpJvpv^ eKivOepuK, aXXa xai tov? vpurrtpov^ iqieq 

'^^pklMXov^* ov yap BovKo^ardftevo^ u>0C Bvvdpm" 
-V09 p!eif fraSaM rr^mp&v Sk aSafiiarepmf airo Spf, 
etirep /ecu rrjv d^imaof rij^ dperi}^ w €Kev0€p&p r^p 
*E\XdBa <f>dpeT(u. MoKi^ Se vvv re {vi^X^o/mv, iou 
oiSe vvv erl ^>€^v€poif;. Xpfjv yap oix el dBucovpL&6ki 

iseri iTKoneiVt dWa 0ca0* S n dpAnfovpueOa* ol yap 
ipAvre^ /SejSovKevp^evoi irpo^ ov Bieyvw/cdriK ^17 /uu 
■OV p^eXXovre^ eir^p^owrai. Bju emardp^Qa cSa o8f9 
ol AOifPoiot Koi or I, kwt iiklyov ^C(>poti<ra' errX rov^ 
freXo?* Kai Xav0dvetv pykv oldp£vot Bia ro dvaio^ffrov 

io vpMiv ^arov Oeippiwo'i, yvovr^ Be uBdra^ ireptopfv 
urj(ypi^ eytoeia-ovTOU 'Hav^d^^e yap pdvoi ^EXX^- 
venf, & AaKeBtupuiviOi, ov rp Bwapsi rtva dXXa 7^ 
peXXi^ei dpwdp'evoi, tui p>dvoi ovk dpxopevtfv rifv 
av^ffa^v r&v exJSp&v SiwKaaiovpsvfiv Se KartOofovref:. 

fsKalroi eXeye^de atr^oKw elvtu, &v apa Xdyo^ 
rov ipyov hcpare^. Top re yap MfjBov airdi ^apjev 
etc weparwv yfj^ irporepov etrX rr^p IleKaTrovpfiaop 
ekOdvra fj ra rrap vp&p d^iax; irpoairavrfjau^ kcu 
pvp rov^ ^A6f}vaiov^ ovj^ e/cav, &<rrrep eKeofov, oXX' 

JO erfyv^ ovra<i wepiopare, Koi avrl rov eireXOelv avroi 



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CONGffi3286 AT 8PABTA. ^It 

^iftvimcrBoA fiavXetydt fioKKw hrUvra^ km €9 rv^^o^ 
*«rpo9 9roXX^ it/i^oTttrre/Kii/^ oymvi^ofAevoi Korcurnjpaif evri- 
trrofiepoi km toi/ fiapfiapev avrop irepl aur^ ra irhMw 
^r^^aketrrOj km irpo^ 4Mvrov9 rov^ ^AO^ivcdom 'itoXKa 
f^Ao/i IjSf) ToU d/iapTTifitaauf mr&v fjLoKKop fj r^ dtf! s 
Vfmy Tiiu0puf ir€pty€y€Pfyiafov^, eira (u ye vpJrepM 
iXgriW ^i^ Tiva^ irov km anrckpaxTKevov^ Sea to irir 
nrrdiaM €(f>0€ipav. Km /^Sel^ vp^P eir €j(0p<f li 
vXeoy ^ Mrlf yofUcff roBe XeyeadM* curia piv yap 
^ikup avSp&p earlv dpMpravdvrwv, MOfTifyopla Be JO 
ij(0pSnf dZiKTfiraineop. Kal &p>a, el Trip rive^ Koi aXXoi, 
a(ioi vopu^op£v etvM roh veka^ '^oyov eweveyKeip, 
aXXfl»9 re km p>eyaKt»p t&p Buu^popr<ap KadeoTw- 
rmPt irepi &p ovk aHaOaveaOM r)p2p ye Boxelre, ovS* 
€KkoyuT<ur0M irdnroTe irpo^ oiotj^ vp2p *A07fpalov^ 16 
OPTO^, KM Scop vp,Snf km m Trap Buuf>epoPTa^, 6 
oyfloi/ eoTai, Ol p,ep ye peearepoiroiol km eiripofjo'cu 
oj^ei^ KM errireXea-M epytp o ap ypSxrip* vpe'k Be ra 
tnrapxopra re tray^etp km eirtypwpai, p/qBep km epytp 
oiBe rapar/Kola e^iKeaOau AvBi/i Be oi p,ep km irapa 90 
Zvpapup roXp/Tfral km irapa ypcjp^tfp KipBvpeurM km 
eni roh BeiPoU eveXiriBe^ • to Be ifierepop rfj^ re Bvpd- 
fteto^ epBea irpa^ai, rfj^ re ypmp^r)^ fir)Be Tot<? ^ejSaioi^ 
irtcrevcM, r&v re heiv&p p/qhenore oieadai airoXvOriaea- 
0M, Kai p,7ip Ka4 aoKPOi irpo^ vfia<i peWrjra^ Kai airoBr}' hr 
p/fjrM irpo^ epBr}fiorarov^' otoprac yap ol fjuev rj) uirovaia 
av n Kracffcu, vp^el^ Be r^ erreXdelv km ra eroi^a av 
fi\dy^M. Kparovpre^ re rwp e)(jSpS}p hrl wXelcrov ef ejp- 
^(pPTai, KM piKOffiepoi ew ekd^iaiop apaTrlinovai^v. "Ere 



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^12 THUETDEDES. 

yp&vrait tJ yvtofjurf Se ouceuyrdrff h ro irpda-ceuf n vrrcp* 
avT^, Kcu It fjkki/ hv hnv<nf(Tcarre^ fAfj e^eKdc^auf, oIk€UI 
oTepecOoi fjjovpTfu, & 8' hv eirekdovres KrriawvT<u, oXiya 

§wp6^ ra fJkeKKovra rv^elv irpd^carre^^ *Hy S apa xai 
rov weipcf a^^xiKMCiv^ caneKirla'avTe^ oXXa eTrXTJpoHraar 
T^ j^peuuf * fiopoi yap i^owri re ofLoUa^ luu eKirt^ova-uf 
h tiv eTrtvorjaafo-i, &a to rajdelav tijp eirvjfeipriaw woiei' 
adcu &v hv yvSnTW. Em raxha fiera irovtov waana seal 

JO KipStnHDv Si* HKov rov cu&vo^ /lo^Oovai, kcu airoKauowraf 
eKxlyyrra r&v vjrap^oPTcov, Sia to del KTOLaOcu tuu p>rjfr€ 
iopTTfv SXKo T* rjiyeladai ^ to ra hiovra irpa^cUt ^fi^o* 
pdv re oit^ ^araov ^avx^iv airpdyfiopa tj curxpxJav ew/- 
wopop • wore el t*? airrov? (vpeXcjp ^xuri we^vxepcu eni 

16 T^ fMrp-e avTOv^ €j(eiP rjavj(jLap firfre rov^ aXKov^ cu/^pci- 
9rov9 €^, op0&^ hp elirot. Tainri<i fieproi Toiavry^ dtrn^ 
Kodearriicvlas woKea^, & AaKeS€Ufidpioi, SuifLeXXere, mu 
oXeaBe t^p ricvyiap ov rovrovi r&p dp6p<D7r(op eni vXd- 
crop dptcelp, A op r^ phf ircLpcuricevy BiKCua irpaaa^ci, 

90 T^ ^6 ypwpjf, fjp dZcK&proi, BffKoi Sxri, fiti ewirpey^pre^, 
aXX* eni r^ firi Xvirevp re cOsXou^ icai avrol afAVPopsptu 
p,ri fiKoTrrecOcu ro tavp pefiere. Mo\i^ S &p troXe^ 
op>ola irapoucovpre^ €rvyj(aper€ roirrov • pup B , ovep koX 
CLpri eBffXxoaafiep, dp^cuorpoira vp,S)P ra einrrfievpiara 

»irpo^ avrov^ eartp. ^ApayKT) S* &<nr€p re^PV^ del ra 
eTTLypypofiepa Kparelp* kcu rjorv^a^oua-ff fiep iroKei ra 
uKiPfjra po/ufia apiara, irpo^ ttoWa Be dpayKa^ofiepois: 
iepck 7ro\\fj<; kcu rrj^ eTnrexprjtreoi)^ Bel, Atoirep koi ra 
r&p *Ak "paitop diro t^ iroXmreipla^ ewl ifkeop vp^p kc^ 



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CONGRESS AT SPABTA. 213 

Koipcyriu. Me^pi fJtev oh rovie iplaOm v/jlAv 17 fipO' 
ivrq^* vvv he to*9 T€ OLKKovi k<u HorfZauxrcu^^ wnrep 
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TO WMjtfo^ avTODP evrretp, et ri fitf airoKoaXvou Ui 
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214 THtJKYDIDES. 

repopi ^fJ^fJuixpi^ iyevero, oKKa irepl &v 17 iroKt^s SvrefMr' 
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f (ou yap TTopa Bucetwrah vfutf ovt€ 17^9 out€ tovtwp oi 
Xoyoi &¥ yijvoiVTo) oXX' irrm^ p^ jfoZUo^ vepi fieymKenr 
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90 0&pI t€ p^poi *irpOKipBvp€vacu T^ Papfiapfpt Ktu ot€ to 
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UBiroXKa^ aXXrjXois efrvfiorfOelp. TcKfiriptop he ijueyurrap 
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rov oTparov apex^pri<rep. Toiovrov peprot ^pfiaproq 
rovrovt tcai <ra/^&<i BtfisMdepro^ Sr^ ep toS? pavai tm 



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CONGMSS AT SPARTA. 315 

'.^XifiMy rei vpatffjMta eyhero, rpia ra ix^^^fnArarm 
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rifv, MUf9 ft€P ye 69 ra? rtrpcucairla^ oXiytp iXaa<rov^ Bw» 
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y!fp oiim efiorjSeh r&p SxXodp ^fSi; f*ixp* ^H^Ap inxf* 10 
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a-are virkp vpMP k<u ovx ^fi&P to wXAyp, ifiorfOrjaaTe 
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KoO r)avj(lap hv ain^ vpoextopijae ra irpdjfiara tf 
ifioiXero. *Ap* a^coi ia/iep, & AaxeBtUfioptoi, tui 



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216 THUKTDIDBS. 

hri^Oovm^ BuiiceiaOcu ; Kai yap avrrfv rrftfBe eKafio" 
fuv oi fiioa'afiepo^ oXX* v/jlHip fjLev ovic eOeXtfcavraip 

9wapafielpai irpo^ ra inroKovira rod fiapfiapov, tifjiv 
£e vpoceXOovTCDV r&v ^iipaiymv tuu airr&p SefjOeprwv 
fjyepAvfK icaTaarljpai * ef airov he rod epyov /ran;- 
vayKoadfffjttv ro vpSnov vpo(Vfaf)f€i¥ avr^v h roSe, 
lAoKurra pyev inro Beov^, eireira he tcaU npSj^, Sore- 

wpop Koi in^eKw. Kai avic aai^dke^ In eSo/ce^ eliftu 
ToU iroXKoU awfiyOfip^vov^f Koi tuhov iuu ffivf amv 
OTavreDv KareaTpap^vfDVt vpL&v re f)pMf ov/ceri op^ir 
m^ (f>ik(OP ckXX* {nroirrmv Koi S$cuf>op(ii>p oprtovt av4vTWi 
tuvSweveiv tuu yap &v ai dtroarda-ei^ vpo^ ipm 

16 ijlyvovTO. Ilcun Be aveiri^Oovov ra ^vp^povra r&p 
p^yurrcDP irepi Kwhvpo^p ev riOeaOau ^Tpkei^ yovp, 
& Aatc^aipJpiOit ro^ ep r^ IleXoTroppTia'^ TroXet^ eni 
TO ipUp m^eKxpLOP KaTa4rTfifrdp£voL i^tfyetaOe* Koi €c 
Tore trrrop^lpapre^ Bia vopto^ airrjfxOffO'Oe ep ry 

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Xvirrfpov^ yepopepov^ roU (vp^pM'Xpt^* ^ ava^tca 
a-Oepra^ kp ^ dpj(eiv eyKpar&f: fj avrox;^ Kipiwevew. 
Otrroi? ovh ripkel^ Oavpaarov ovSev ireirotriKapLev ovB* 
ofiro Tov ap6p<ow€U}V rpovov, ei ap^r)p t€ SchopJprjp 

x eSe^dpeOaf tuu ravrrjp p^rj dpelp^v, viro r&v pL€yl<rr<op 
PCKffdepre^, npfj^ /coi Seov^ kcu o)<f>€\la9, ovS' av irp&- 
Tot TOV ToiovTov tnrdp^avT€^, aXX' del Kadear&To^ top 
^aa-t/i UTTO tov SvpareDrepov Karelpyea-Oai, a^iol re 
apba pop^oPTe^ etpo^ kcu vpXp Bo/eovpre;, H'^XP^ ^ 



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CONGffiSSB AT SPABTA. 21? 

TO fvfA^4poPTA X/iyct^ofJtevoi r^ Bucal^ Xoyfjf wp 'Xfi^ 
a0€, OP ovSel^ irtOf irapaTvj(pv urxyX ti KTr^cwrOai, 
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t^ eirtupo^ ovic ehcorc^^ irepUarfi. Km eKaa<rovfAepoi 
yap hf rai^ ^vpfioXauu^ irpo^ rov9 ^fifidx^v^ BliC€u^, 19 
moi TTo^' ^fup aurok ep roU ofioloi^ vofioi^ vovqaap^ 
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dpj(7iv tcai oirwaovp €\aa<ro)0S>aiP, ov tov irXeopo^ 
fi/q arepiacdfiepoi xipip eypwrvPt oXXa tov Ipheov^ 90 
j(pLK&a'^T€pop <f>epovccp fj el diro irpwrq^ airoOefievoi 
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yap avo tov laov hoxel irXeoveKTeurOai, to 8* airo 
TOV Kpelacopo^ /caTapa/yKa^eaOai, Ttto yovp tov 
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^fL€Tepa apxh X^^^^^ hoxel eipoi, ehcoTO}^ * to irapop 
19 



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218 THUKTDIDES. 

yap €i€i papv tow VTrrf/cooi^. Tf^ei^ y a» ovy et 
KadeXovre^ 17/^9 ap^aire, raya &v Trjp evvoiav, ^ Sia 
TO rjfierepov Seo9 €4X77^0x6 /MerafiaXotre, evirep ota kcu 
Tore 7rpo9 rov Mrjhov ZC oXlyov ^yrjo-dfiepoi iw^l- 
B ^are, ofioia kcu vvv ypdcecOe. Afu/cra yap rd re 
KaO vfJM^ avTOv^ vdfUfia roh aXKoi^ hc^^* '^ irpoai' 

Ti €?? ^Kaa-TO^ i^CODV OVT€ TOVT049 XP^^ ^^* ^^ V 

aXXff *£XXa9 vofii^^i. BovXeveaOe ovv fipoBeto^ m ov 
irepi fipa'^eaVt /ecu firj aXKorpiat^ yvonfuu^ /coi eyxKri* 

w fLoai iretaOdme^ oIkcIop ttovov irpdo'Ofja'Oe, rov Sk iro^ 
XifjLOV TOP wapdXoyov, Sao^ €<ttI, irpiv hf ain^ yeve^ 
aOcu TrpoSuvyporre * firj/cuvdfiepo^ yap ^CKel e? T\r)(a^ ra 
iroXKa TrepuaraaOM, cdv lcov re airej^ofiev^ kcu otto* 
T€pw^ eoTcu, hf oS^X^ KivSwevercu. ^Idvre^ re o! 

5 avOpcrrro^ €9 rot;? iroXefiov^ t&p epycov irpdrepov 
eypvrcu k XP^ iarepov Bpav, /ccucoTraOovmes Sc 
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Totavrp dfiapTia opt€^ ovt* ovtoI ov0* vfia<: 6p&PT€^ 
\eyofi€P vfup, &>9 €Ti avdcupero^ dfJuf>OT€poc^ ^ ev^ov- 

aoXio^ awopBa^ p^ Xveip p/r^Se irapaficUpew tov9 op/cov^, 
Ta Se Bta<f>opa Si/ep Xueadcu KaTa ttjp ^vpOi^v. 
H 0601/9 Toi;9 opKiov^ p^pTvpa^ iroiovp^poi, ireipc^ 
tropsOa ap^vpea-Ocu iroXepov ap^pPTO^ Tavrr/ tf atv 
vjyqyfj<T0e.^^ 

25 TouLvra Se ot AOffPcuoi ehrop, ^EtreiStf Se t&p Te 
^vp^p^aytop rfKovaap ot AcuceScupdptoi Ta eyxXi^paTa ra 
69 T0V9 *A0r)valou<: KCU T&p ^AOtfvaloDP & eXe^aPf /i€T4X- 
oTTfa-apcpot irapTa<; e^ovXcvomo Kara <r<f>a^ aurov^ 
irept T&p irapoPTCDP. Kcu t&p pip irXeidpt^p hri to 



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CONGRESS AT SPABTA. 219 

ovTO al yv&fuu e^epov, dSueeof re roxj^ ^AdrjvalotJ^ 
iiStf iuu wdX^fi/rjTea etveu ev Td)(€i* irapeXOwp Be 
'Afy^^iBofAO^ 6 ficia-tkeif^ avrSrv, dvrip kcu ^xfvero^ 
Boie&P etvcu tccu trdx^p^v, eXe^ roulBe. 

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AaiceBtufidvtot, Kot vfjb&p rov^ iv r^ ovr^ ^X^/cuf 6p&, 
wrre firfre airupla erriOvfirjxral nva rov epyov, iirep 
hu oi TToXXol waOoiep, firjre dyaOop #cai da^Xe^ 
vofUaavrcL. Evpoi^re S' &p ropSe, ttc/m o5 pvp fiov 
"keveaOe, ovtc hp eKd/)(urrop yepofiepop, el a'<o<f>popw^ rc^ 10 
avTOP hcXoyi^otro. IIpo^ fup yap tou9 IleXcnropprf' 
aiov^ /coi doTvyeiropa^ irapdfioio^ ^fi&p 17 aktcri, kcu 
ita ra^eoifp oldp re e^' SKCurra eXOetP' tt/w Be 
avBpcui <ft yfjp re aca^ expv<ri /c€u irpoa-eri, OdKaa-ari^ 
efinreipdrarol elci /ecu rol^ oKKoi^ awcuruf apiara 15 
e^ripTVPTfu, irXovrq^ re IBI^ kcu Brj/Mxrlip kcU pavci 
/ecu hnroi^ /ecu SirXot^ #cai ^X^» ^^^ ^^^ ^^ aXK/p 
hd ye X^pi^p ^EdKXrjpuc^ etrrip, eri Be kcu ^fi/jud" 
jfow woWov^ <f>opov vTroreXeU #)foi;<rt, wA^ XP^ ''^po^ 
TtWTOv^ paBiof^ iroKefAOP ipaadai^ Koi rlpt Trurrcu-ao 
aavra^ dvapatr/eevov^ enretyjSfpKU ; Horepop Tcwi pav 
trip ; *A\S^ ffa-trov^ ia-fiep • el Be fieXen^Ofiep koI 
dpTiwctptuTKevaao/Jteda, ypopo^ evetrrai. ^AXKa rol^ 
ypTifuiaiv ; *A\\a woXK^ en wXeop rovrov eXXelwo- 
fiepj K(u ovre ev tcottf^ e^ofiep ovre eroifio)^ ex r&p^s 
iBieov <l>epofi€P. Td^ ov Tt9 daptroltf Sr^ toI(; SirXoi^ 
avr&p KCU T^ irXrjdei v7rep<f>€pofi€P, &<rre Trfp yfjp 
Srfovp eirn^VT&pre;. Tol^ Be aXXiy yfj e<rri iroXXri 
^ apxovirh KCU ex OaXdacfi^ &p Beoprcu eirdJ^prcu. 



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220 T0XrKTDI018 

Si ^* ai ray? S^Mit>ei)(av^ a^Horaifm^ vapatrofjieSm, 
ierjcu KM Toxnovi vavd fiotfOeof, to irXeor opa-s^ 

VK^UOTCU^, T/? oZp 60T€U ^fAMP 6 woXefjM^ ; El ^ 

yap ^ povai KpaT^irefJkev t^ ro? m-poa-oiov^ o^oA^nf^ 

Baofjttv d4> &v TO vatrrupov Tpet^viri,, fikjSf^fJkeSa Ta 
liXem. Kop tovt^ ovSk /earn^^irAu en sdKKf, 
SxXm^ t€ Koi el Bo^f*€P api^ fko^Xop t^ &«-- 
^pa/f. M^ y€Lp Hi hmvff ye Ty eXv/St erra^pm' 
psOa, m Toxy wavdr^^m o iroKsf^o^t V ^i' 7W 

10 avTWf TapMjieif. Ae&ouca & ^mlXXov p^ kqi toSo 
viuaw avTov inroXiitmpaf • otW^ «Mcav ^AfifjvaUyi 
i^povi^pMTi p4^€ T§ yi iovX^BvamiL purjire wnrep amoi" 
pov^ xaTaf!rXMyf}v€U r^ woXep^ Ov papf oi& tuftw 
adr^ra^ mnoif^ xeKewo tov9 re (vfjLp^ov^ rtf^w e^ 

n/SKaTrrecp, jcoi err^fiovKeiovT^i^ pa^ /caTO^p^, aitXa 
onXa phf yaiprm Kiveip, m'iparwf Se suu aLTmnrBait 
fiki^e iroKep^v ar^cof hfjkovpTa^ pafi m^ eirvrpey^ih* 
p£v, $cav rot^9» icai ta ^pJrepa avr&v e^aprveaOat 
^p^'Xfov re vpoaaymy^ kcuL *EiKK;riv<mf luu ^pfiei- 

jsapav, el iroOev Tiva tj paummv if xP^lf^^^ &W« 
pMf wpo&Xaif^^'op^ffa (^aifetrl^ovov ie, &roi &Gmp 
Koi rjp^h xnr ^AOrfPouBV eirifiovkevopieBa^ f^^ "EXXi^ 
vws p>6vov aXKa icai fiapfidpov<; irpoaKafiovTO^ iux^ 
(roiOfjptu^ KOi Ta ovt&p ofia etcTTOpi^dfAeOa, Kei 

S6 ffp pip hrtucotHFcoai Tt trpea-ISevopLepcdP r/p^p, Tavra 
apUTTa* tfp Be pri^ hieyjBoprwp er&p kcu Svo xai 
Tpi&p apeipop ffSrf, ^p So/c^, 'ir€J>pafftiepoi Ipep ett 
auTOih, Kai ?<r(09 op&PTC^ rjfA&p ^rj ti\p re Tropa* 
iTKevi\p luu TiHt^ Xoyoi;^ aur^ opxiia {nroaf^pAhwvraf;^ 



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C0KQ1S88 A3 iFABTA. 221 

fiovXnofjMfou M^ yap SXKo r^ vapuoffie t^i^ 7^ 
minim ^ SfjB$^v S)(uir, fcai oy^ ^aov, Sa^ aft€^ 

^TM^ /cm ^ i; antwQia» Kamwrr^pamafi axrrms 
aka/irroTJpom ^«*yr El yap carapiarKeuot rok rAv 
(vfAfMjgi^p irfickriiJbaffw kntwxj^wm rep^Ap^f ain^, 
opcrrtf iiruK p^ ei<r)(iw iuh ommpirMptm t^ JZcXo«- 
icoin^tp irpafaptw. " *EyK\rff»wra /Mir yap scaL iro^ 10 
^c«^ Hxk iic^yrSsfp oUp^ re imraXvo-cM* irokepop Se 
fvprn'OPTO^ apap^pov*; ip€xa tSw iBlaffp, tv ovx 
ififJipj(ek u^poi KoO^ S Ti j(mpri<r€i, ov pfSiOP €u- 
irpfir&r 04a&ai. Kai duavSpia p/rii€p\ iroXkovg ptf 
wiku p^ To^v eireXOdp ioMprm ebnu. E\a\ yap jh 
tcai ixeipot^ cfv/c bJurcrotf^ j^prifiarra <f>€poPTe^ ^ptpo' 
j(0i, lem etrnp 6 'rroXepo^ ovx ^^'^^ '"^ trXiop 
a^CKja iawavfj^, Si ^ ra SirXa iif>e\el, oKXoo^ re 
itai iftreipmra^/i Trpo^ OaXacalov^, IIopuTwpsOa oSv 
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p^iop TO vXeop err ap^l>oT€pa t% alrioi i^p^p, 
ovTo^ /ecu Koff fiairxjiov ri aur&p 7rpotSe^p4P. Em 
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pif altTyvpeade* S^trevSopre^ re yap oypXairepop &p 9b 
'irava'aur0€, fita to aTrapda-icevot €yj(eip€lp' icai ipm 
tKevOepop tccu evSo^ordrriP wdXiv Sia ireuno^ pepo' 
PmBo, Koi Bvpara^ pubuarra o'toi^poavprf ep^pmp rovT^ 
eSnu. Mopo% yap Si avro einrpayuu^ re ov/e e^ 
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222 THUKTDIDB& 

fipl^ofup iccu ^ful)opah ^cop er</M»y elxofLep" rSm 
T€ fvy eircuv^ e^pwovrmv 17/409 eiri ra iewa 
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Ttis apa (vp tcarrffopuf iriipo^upff, ovSev fiaXkov 
BaxOeadeine^ aveirelcrOfffiey, IloXefwcol re sou eSfiov- 
Xoi Sia TO euKOfrfAov ^vpfop^a^ to yisv &n dBw 
at^pwrwq^ irXcurroy fM€Tej(ei, aiayywfi S« €v^rc^. 
j(ia9 evfiovKoi Si dfAoOeoTepov r&v v6fi»v t^ tnrep" 
Cf^ia^ vaiSeuofiepoif Ktu ^vv j(aKeiniTfiT& frw^pove- 

10 trrepov tj &<rre aur&p opfffcoi^rreip, mi fiij ra 
djQma (weroi ayop Sptc^, to? t&p woXefiimp irapa^ 
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^Up(u, vofu^eip Se to? re Biavola^ r&v wdka^ irapa^ 
irXfjaiov^ elvcu Kci ra^ wpoawimravira^ rvxfK ov Xoyf^ 

iBBuuperik* *Ael Se w irpo^ ev fiovKevofiepov^ tov? 
eveurrlov^ epy^ irapaaKeva^ofieOa • fceu ovk ef htniim^p 
i»9 afjMpTffaofAewop e)(€ip oei, ra^ eMTioa^, aKK »g 
i)li&p avT&p a4ril>aK&^ irpopoovfACPCDP, IIoXu re Sio^* 
peip ov Bei pofU^ecp opffpcairop dvOpanrov, xpariOTOP Si 

»elp(u i<m^ €P ToU dp€PyK(uoTaroi^ veuZevercu. Tai^ 
raii ovp &/9 oi itaripe^ re tffiip irape^oaap fAcXera^ 
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C0KGHBS8 AT 8FABTA 223 

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iiBiicovvTa levM. IlapaaKeva^aOe Bi top nroKefJbOP 
a^uu Tavra yap tc(u tcpdrurra fiovKeuceaOe tuu 
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ov yvyvwricxA • hrawefroane^ yap iroXKa eavrov^, ov- 
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^pkfAa/)(ov^ Koi rifp IleKoTroppffirop • tccUroi el Trpo? 
TOW MrjBov^ iyepoPTO dya£ol tot€, wpo^ S' ^/tto? 
KOicoi pvp, SiTrXxuria^ $17/^/09 a^iol elaip, orn opt 
offoBSiP tcatcol yeydpTfPTou ^Hp^eU Se opoloi /c€u rdre 
Koi PVP ea-pep, km to^ ^vppdx'^^* V^ a'<o<f>pop&psp, 16 
ov irtpio^psOa aScxovpepov^t ovSi peXXria-opep rtpcj- 
peip • oi B* ov/ceVi peWovat xateA^ 7rda")(€W» "ATCKoi,^ 
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^A0ffP€uot^ iarip, ovBe Blkoi^ km '\dyoi<: BtaKpirea p^9c 
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Tappet KM iropri aOepet, Km w r]pa^ Trperrei ^ov 
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piXKoPTa^ dBuceip paXKop irperrei voXvp ')(popop fiov 
X€ve<r0a$, Vijiffl^eoOe ovp, & AoKeBMpopioi, d^m^ t^ si 
Sfrdprrff; top iroXepop, km prfre roxf^ ^AOfiPoiov^ 
eare pei^ov^ ylypeaOai, pryre rov^ ^vppd^ov^ Kara- 
wpo8i8&p€P, dXXa fvp Toh Oeol^ enrimp^p irpo^ rov^ 
dBiKovpra^.*^ 



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224 THUKTWDBS. 

Touivra Be Xe^av iirc'^ri^i^ep avro^, e^opo9 &p» ^ 
Tifif lidcKftiTlav T&v AoKehMiiovlav. *0 Sc (KplvOXHT^ 
yap fio^ Koi ov if^y) ovx eifyt) itayi/pftotrtceiv rgy 
fiorjiv onrorepa fielf^a>v, aXKa fiovKofiepo^ avrov^ ^- 

Bvep&f iiroieiKPVfievcv^ .t^ yvift^p e^ ro iroXtfieuf 
ftaXKop. ipfufjacu, tke^ '^irtp pip vpAp, £ Aatct" 
iaipivio^ ioKowri XeX^o-Au ai eirot^ai /uu ei *A9if^ 
vdioi, €&ueeivt apo&n/jrci^ h itceipo r^ )(a^iOP** Sil^a^ 
Ti x»plov airoii ** irfp h\ pbii Sofcowruf, h rk hii 6(1- 

lire/Ml." *ApacTcarr€^ Se Si€<mfirav, icmi ^roXX^ irXc/- 
01/9 ijevomo dU ihotcow ai fnrovSai XeXAadai. Ilpoa- 
KoXea-avri^ re rov^ (vfipMj(pi;^ ehrop St& c^un pikv 
SoKolev ahueelv oi *A0ffvaioit fiovXec&tu Si tcai rotr? 
iraura^ ^p^pAyov^ irapoicaXia'apTe^ '^(f>op errayttyeu^ 

15 Svof^ Koi^v^ ISovXevaap^vo^ top wiXffjLOV iroio>vrai, fjw 
BoK§, Kai ol piif aTre)((iipfi<Tav hr otfcov Buztrpa^a' 
p£POi rauTO, Koi oi *A6ffvaiMP wpkcpei^ vtrrepov, 6(^' 
anrep fjkJBov j(pvip4vrifravr€^, 97 ^ ButjviOfiff aire T179 
€tcK\ff(ri4K, rod ru'; awapBa^ Xekua^a^, eyevero ep 

soTf» rerapT^ ere^ $C(U BeKonp t&p rpuueoprovrlZmp 
C7ropB£th irpoicejdB^pTficui&p, (A iyepopro /tera ra Ei- 
fiolica. 



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SECOND COKaBBSS AT SPABTA. 325 

IL SECOND CONGRESS AT SPARTA. 
(Lib. Lcc 118-126.) 

Mera ravra Se fjStf ylypercu ov iroXXoU erecip 
toTcpov TO irpoeifyrjftJva, rd re Hspicvpal'ica km ra 
IIoTiSaiaTma kcu Sea irpo^xun^ rovSe rov Tro^Jfiov 
fcareanj, Tavra Be ^vfim-airra oca hrpa^av ch ''BXXiy- 
y€9 irpo^ re oSXriKjov^ kcu, risv fidpfiapov, eyepero €P « 
ereo'^ irevrr^Kovra fikaKtara fiera^ rrj^ Ecpfov avor 
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AOrjvaioi rrfv re ipxrflf hfKparreirrtpav Korefrrrjaupro 
KCU avrol eirt fieya e)(a)pif(rav Suudfieo)^, o^ ie Acuee^ 
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fl<nr)(aX!Ofv re ro rrXiov rov j(p6vov, Hvre^ fiev Koi 
rrpo rov firj ra'^^eU lepcu €9 tow9 iroXefiox;^, el firj 
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apcur)(€rop e7rou)vpro, aXX* €in')(€iprjrea eBoKCt etpcu 
Trdoff irpodvfiuf kcu KoBatperea ri wrj^, ^p ivptoprcu, 
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KCU T0V9 ^A0fjpaiov<; alBiKetp, irefi^apre^ Se e? ^eX^ov^ao 
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yelp, €1 yjpti iroXe/juecp, Kcu e\6ovr<op r&p Trpeafie^ 



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226 THUETDIDBa 

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Koi ol KoplvOiOif SefjOevre^ flip km icara 7roXei9 ir/9^ 

Brepov eKMTTWP iBl^ &ar€ '^^rjif^ia'curOcu top 'wo'KepbOPt 

SeSune^ wepi r^ HomZauf firi wpoSia^ap^, irapovre^ 

te KM tore km reXemcuo^ eweKdopre^, ekeyop roidSe» 

**Tov^ fiep AoKeBMfioplov^, & opBpe^ ^M'M^X^^ 

ovK itp €T& alruuralfieOa w ov km ovtoI e^- 

10 il>urfiepoi top wokefiop elci km 17/^09 €9 tovto pup 
(vprjycpfop. Xprj yap tov^ rfj^fiopa^, Ta tSia ef 
^trov pefioPTOi^, Ta Koipa wpocxoTreip, oxnrep km €P 
aXKoi^ €K TTOPTeop TrpOTifi&PTM, *Hfi&p Si ia-oi 
piep *A0rjpaloi^ l]8ff hniKKarfqcav, ov^i iiZa')(rfi Be" 

IBOPTM owrre (fn/Ka^aaOac avrov^* tov^ Se Trpf fjueao' 
yeuuf fiaXKop km firj €P iropfp KaTfpKtjfiepov^ elBePM 
j^ 0TI9 ToU KaTCD Ppf p^ apMrntn, )(^a'Ke7r(OT€pap 
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dpTikrjiJt^p &p 17 OaKaaa-a r^ fprelpfp BiBfotn, km 

ao T&p PUP XeyopJpoDP p^ ko^cov^ Kptra^ w p^v 'frpoaif^ 
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prj oKveip hei avrov^ top iroXepop avr elprfptf^ pe* 

96 Ta\apfidp€iP. ^ApBp&p yap aw^popfop pJv ioTip, €i 
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pip elpr/ptf^ Toy^pelp, €v Se irapa^r^ov €K iroXepov 
waKip (vp^fjpai, koI /Lwfre t^ Kara woKepop einv 
yyi ^TTcUpecOa^ prp-e t^ «5<n;x^ '''^ ecpripr)^ tjSo* 

90 f^epop dSiKei<r0M. O re yap But ttjp ^Boptjp okp&p 



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SECOND CX)NGRK8S AT SPABTA. 327 

raxuTT av atfuupeOelrj rfj^ pqardvij^ ro repTTvov, 8** 
Svep oKvel, el ^cuj^ajb* ' S re ev iroKifitp €\mr)(ji(f 
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/i€yo9. noiXXa yap /C€ueS^ yvfoaOema afiovKorepcov 
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it scdKw Bo/covpra jSovkevOrjvcu €9 rovvavrlop air 
^ypSi^ weptdaTTf ofOvfielTcu yap oifSel^ ofioia r^ 
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pip Bofd^ofiePt fiera Beov^ he ep r^ ^PJV eXXc/- 
irofiep. ^Hfjiek Se pvp kcu aSucovfiepoi top TroKe/iop lo 
iyeipofiep tcai hcapa eyppre^ ey/ckrifiara, Koi Srap 
dfivpfifieda ^Adrjpolov^, KaTaOrfaofieda airop ep /catp^. 
Kara woXKa Si 17/^09 el^9 hrucpaTrjo'cu, irpSrrop 
fiip irKrfie^ irpw)(pPTa^ tecu i/jtm-€ipi(f irdKefUic^, eireira 
ofiol^^ iravra^ e; ra 'irapayyeXKo/iepa Ioptos* Nav is 
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aroi/^ ova-ia^ e^apTva-ofieOa, KeH cnro r£>p ep AeK^l^s 
ictu ^OXvpm'Uf ypfipMroiP' Bdpeurfia yap Troirjo'd/iepoi 
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fioXkop ^ ouceui * ^ Be ^fierepa fjacop &p rovro 
vdOoi, roU a'a>fiaa& ro irXeop l<r)(yowra ^ Tot9 XP^ 
fuuTOf, Mi^ re pltcjf paviiaj(l(Vi Kara ro elioi^ oXA 
cKOPrai' el B* dpriaj(9iep, p^Tienfftrofiep koI ^fiel^ 
€P rrkeopt ypopfp ra pouriKd, #cai orap rijp e7rttm}-aft 
fifip 69 ro L<rop Karaarriae^fiep, ry ye ew^vyl^f Br^ irov 
mpiecdfieOa, ^O yap ^fieU e^pfAep <l>v<re^ dyaOop, 
exeipoi^ ovk hp yevovro BiJBay^* o 8* eKelpo^ en-tan^- 
fmf vpovxpya-^, KoOaipereop fifup ecrr\ fieXerp. ^P'h" 
ftara S* oKrr' €)(€ip h aurd, ottrofiep' tj Beipop op jo 



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228 THumrDmis. 

€trj, €1 01 /Jtof hcelvmv (vfAfiaj(pt eni iovXeta T9 
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fUDpovfievoi Toi;9 lj(6pov^ tetu aurol ifia cm^etr&ai 
ovK ipa SawapTjo-o/iev, kcu em r^ p^ \m &c€iu690 

fovra cufxupeSiirre^ airoh rovroi^ kokw viaj^Hi^, 
^Tirdp^ovat i\ tCcu SXKcu ohoi irdkdpiov ^p2v, fjvftfjui^ 
j((Dp re ofrrdoTCUTi^, pJXurra trapalpeai^ tAca t&0 
*irpocr6B(av ofv hr)(yov<ri, luu eTrmstx^trpu^ r^ X^^V^ 
SXKa re ocra ov/e op Tt9 vvv wpotboi. ^Hicuxra yap 

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pkv €vopyiffr<o^ avTip TTpoo'opAKria'a^ fiefictidrepot, 6 
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fi(ofi^0a Se fcai Hn el fiep fjaav fip^ exdoTot^ irpo^ 

16 dvrviraKjov^ trepi yfj^ ipwv Buul>opai, ourrav civ ffp* 
vvv he TTpo^ ^fiiravrd^ re tjp^a^ A&rivaUn licavoi 
tccu Kara iroKtv h'i Swardrepoi, &<rre fi fcrj tcai 
dOpoot K(u Kara- ^ffvrj Kcu iKcurrov cUnv px^ yvdtfiff 
dfivvovp^da avrov^, S/^a ye Svra^ ^p>a^ dirdvof^ j^et* 

7b pdxrovrai, Kai rfp/ ^<ro-av, el koI Seivdv r^ aKOwrat, 
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K(U \iy(p €vBouUT$fjvac alc^ov r^ neXoTrowTJa^, k€U 
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KaloD^ ZoKolpev hv irda^eiv ^ Sta BeiXlav dve^ecrffeu, 

25 KCU r&v irarepaav %e/poi;9 <f>aivea'0cu, A r^ *ESXdBa 
fjXevOepfaaav * "^peU Se ouS* iJ/ao' airrol^ fiefiaiovp^p 
avTOt rvpavvov Be e&pev eyKaBeardvcu irdkiv, rov^ 
8' ev p,iq. povdp)(pv^ d^tovp^v KaraXveiv. Kcu ovk 
tapev oTToas rdBe rpiSrv r&v peylariov ^vp^pSfp 

30 drTJXXaicrait d^vjfeala^ 9j paXaxla^ ^ dpeXeia^, Oi 



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SECOND CONGRESS At SPARTA. 5^29 

yap irj ir€if>€vyoT€^ ravra hrl r^v irkslcrov^ i^ 

fiKay^^taop Karcu^povfjiriv fC€j(a>prjtcare, fj he rou 

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TwvouaoTCU. Ta /act ot^ irpoy^eptifieifm ri Bei 

fAOfcporepop fj h Scop roU pUp ^fi^pei tUTia&0ai;5 

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hcrffivf, t5 irepuwirif aTtoXeada^'^ aXXA Oapaovpra^ 

UiHH Kara iroXXa e? top TToXepunf, tov re fi^ov XPT 

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iroXefLelp, /ecu r/fi&p raSe koiv^ irapaipoupreiPf ehrepfo 

fiefiaidrarop to Tavra ^p^epopra /ecu Trokea-^ /eai 

iSuorai^ etpcu, p^rj fieXKeTe IIoTtScuarcu^ re voiel' 

aOcu Tip^plap, ola-^ AoDpievat, kcu inro ^Itopwp iro- 

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aXKoop p^reXOelp tt^p ekevOepiap, ©9 ovKert epBe^e- S5 

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ov To\pM>PTe9, pi} iroKv varepop to ovto iracxetP' 

aXXa popiATOPTe^ err ctpay/erjp cupli^Ocu, o» apBpe^ 

^Vfip4ij(p^, /ecu apa ToBe apurra Xeyeadcu^ '^^laa^de^ 
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230 THUKTDIDEa 

iw voKefAOv, firj ^^rj&arre^ ro avruca SeufQV, t$9 i 
oftr avTOV But irXelovo^ elprjvfj^ eirtOvfirjacarre^ • &c 
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yla^ Se /a^ ^roXe/i^oi ov% ofJLoUo^ okIpBvpov, Kai 

B Trjv KoBean^Kvlav €V r^ ^ETOumSi woTuv rvpawop iffq- 
acifjLevot hrl irSurw ofwuo^ /cctOearava^, oHrre riov fA€$f 
V^ ofX^f'V T&v Be Btapoeladoh irapcumfi<r{ops0a eireK- 
0dvT€^, Ktu auToi diUpBvpw^ to Tsjolitov oucwpsv^ KtU 
T0V9 vvv BeBovXtofiepov^ ^EXXaiva^ eKevOepaHrtofiCp" 

10 ToutSra ol Koplvdu)i et'trov. 

Ol Be Aa/ceBiUfAovioi, etreiZtj a^ diraprtov ffKOvaatf 
yv<ip/rjp, ^^rjiJMP eirrjyayop T0t9 ^fifiaxpi^ iiraaiv, Scot 
ircLpfja-ctp, i^, kcu fiel^opi mu eKaacopi 'iroXei* mu 
TO irKfjOo^ e^^^laapTO iroT^fielp. AeBoyp^epop Be 

16 atrroh evOv^ pip oBupaTa tjp hn/)(e^pelv airapaaKCUoi^ 
ovctp, €K7ropc^€<r0cu Be eBoscei, etccurroi^ a irpocr^topa 
^p, Kol p,fj elpcu pJkXfjaiP. ^Op^Kfs Be KajBunap^e" 
poi^ &p eSei epiavTo^ phf oi Bi^rplfirj, eKaaavp Be, 
irpip eafiaXelp €9 t^ *Attuc^ zeal top wokepop apor 



HL SPEECH OF PERIKLEa (Lib- I. ca 
139-146.) 

Aa/ceBcupdvLoi Be eni pep r^ wpwTff^ irpeafieuPi 
TOULUTa eireTo^op re /c€u avTeKeXevaOfjcap irepi t&v 
eptiym r^9 eKaa-eo)^' varepop Be ^vrSnnei irap 
AOfjpcUov^ IToTi&ua9 Te airapLoTaaOaA €Ke\jeuop koL 



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SPEECH OF PEEIKLES. 231 

Alyivav avrivofiov a^ievtu, tea* fioKurra ye iravrwp 
#RU ev^'korara trpovXeyov to wepl M^apitov '^^ 
^itrpLa ica0€Kov<ri firj &p yiyvtaOcu 'iroXe/iop, €P ^ 
elpijTO avrov<i p,ii ')(prj<T0cu rdi^ Xtfiea roU h r^ 
Afhfpauov apyrf p/rfoe tq Amtc^ ayopf. Oi o $ 
^AOrjpoMi ovre riXKa xnrr^icovop ovre to ^^^^urp^i ko- 
Oypotw, eir^MoKovpre^ eirepyaalop Meyapevci rfj^ yij^ 
rij^ iepa^ /ecu rrj^ aoploTOV, k<u dpBpam'dSap \nro~ 
Boj(fiP T&p cuf>urrap,€P(OP. TeKo^ Se cuf>ucop,ep(0p t&p 
TeXevT€U€»p irpea/Setop €k AcueeBaip^po^, *P(ip^lov re \q 
Koi MeKqaLmrov kcu * AyrfaopBpov, kcu 'KeyoprtdP 
oXXo p^ ovSep &p vporepop euiOea-ap, avra Se 
ToSe oTi ** Acucticup^pioi /SovKoptcu nfjp ei^prpnip etpcu, 
€171 i* &p el T0V9 ''ElXKffpa/i auropoptotj^ a^lre,^^ 
iroir^apre^ eKKXTfCuip ol ^AOrfPcuoi yptopa^ tr^i^of is 
avTol^ vpovrlOea'ap, tccu iBoxei aira^ irepi airavrwp 
fiovkevaapepov^ airoKpiPCurOcu. Eju trapiopre^ oXXo^ 
re iroXKoi eXeyop, eir ap^orepa yiyp6p>€P0^ rcu^ 
ypmp^u^, tccu w^ j(prj iroXepelp tuu (09 p^ ep/troSiop 
elpcu TO '^^LO'pLa elpriprj^, aXKa teaOeXelp^ teal Tro-ao 
peKJdSfP nepLKXryi 6 UapOlwirov, apiip tear eKelpop top 
ypopop irpSno^ ^AOrjpoltop, Xeycty re tcai vpaaaeut 
SvparcrraTO^, irapripei rouibe. 

**Trfi phf yp(op/ry;, & *A0ffpa2oL, del rij^ aurfj^ 
€)(pp4U, pbTJ elxeip IleXoiroppffaloi^, teaivep €iBa>^ rov^ as 
dpffpmirov^ ov ry avr^ opy^ apanrei0op,epov^ re iroke- 
rnip K<u €P T^ ^pyv irpa4T<ropra^f irpo^ he ra^ 
^pAf>opa^ tcai ras; yptopoff rpeiropkepov^. *0p& he 
tcai pvp opoia tccu iroLpamyJ^ui ^p^fiovKevrea pok 
opra, tcai tov9 dpa-jreiOopepov^ vp^p BtxaUi roU^o 



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232 THUETBIDEd. 

dew, ^ fioiie Karop^owra^ rf^ fi/i/€Vefl»9 fjxrairotei^ 
fr0a^ *EvS^)(jeTcu yap iw (vfi^pof riv nrpa/yfurn^p 
ovX ^(TOP afia$S^ ytupfj&a* Pj km to? hutPoUv: rov 

6 dv0p0vov * iUnep feaX rrjp rv^v, oca &p irapa 
Xiyov ^fJkfip, €l(»0€bfiep alruurOiU. Aa^tceSmfLovioi Se 
irpitepiv re iffKin ^av einpevKcvopre^ Vf^» ^^ 
vvv ov^, iiKurra. Elpfifiipop yap ZUa^ /lkt rw 
hiaKf>ipwp aSXrlKjoi^ ZAiva4, luu Sex€€r0ai, ^6fy Se 

^hcarepov^ & S)(0fup, ovre avroi tiKWi itm ^tTfCxsp 
ovre ^fi&v itSovrmp h4)(oPT<u, fiovXAPtan Sk irok^i^ 
fuiKKop ^ X^yot9 ra eyxKripaTa hiaXuea'dai, icai ^i- 
raa-aovT^ ijSrj /uu oitcm alr$»fA€POi irapeunv, Htnt' 
iaia^ T€ ykp anrmpl<rr€iff6ak KeT^jevGva^ nai Alytvap 

isuuripofiop a^>iep(u, icai to Meyapeonf ^^^fn^furyia kot 
Oaipeip * oi Se reXevroM^ cSSe iJKOpre^ luu rovf 
^EXKiqptvi wpoa^opwovo'tp teuropofAov^ a^^epou ^TpMnp 
he p/rfiei^ vofiia-y Trept 0pa')(eo^ Ap TToXefoeip, tl 7^ 
Meyapemp yfrrj^KTfiia fM) KetJBeKoip^ep, oirep fjb&Kbcra 

V) 'rrpovxoPTtu, el /cetOa^peffelff, /bc^ kp ylyveaOeu Toy 
iroXefAOP* /147S' €P vpip wroi^ air lap vm\ivf^&0e 
w &a fUHpop eTroXefA^a-ctre, To yap fipayy n 
TOVTO wcurap vfi&p exec rrfp fie^amcuf tu^ itelpop 
rrj^ ypwfjnj^. OU el ^vyxo^prfa-ere, tca^ aXXo n 

u fiei^op evOv^ hnraixjS'qireirde, w 4^fi^ iciu rmh^ 
vTTOKOvirapre^ * atruryvpurajiepoc he ceuf^i^ ^ xata" 
cTf\<TavTe a;orovi amo rod laov vfup pJaXhop itpoc^-' 
peadai. Avrodev &ij hmporfivfre ^ xrttatcovew vpip 
TV fiXafirjpa^i, ^ el 'iroTkSfufjO'OfJLep, C09 efu^ye ap^iv^ 

ViZoKel elpoc, Koi eiri fjueyaXp Koi eirl fipa^eia ofu>i^ 



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8FESCH 02* FEBIELES. 233 

h K€krfifjL€0a* triv yap dvrrpf Svvarcu BovXoixnp ^ 
Te pteylartf /ecu €\axi<^^ SucoIcdcl^ aTro r&v ofiol^ 
tov irpo BIktj^ Tot9 ^ireKiK ermaa-o'Ofianf. Ta Bi 
rod 'rrdKcfiov /ecu r&p ixarepoL^ {nrap^ovrtov m^ ovtc « 
aaOevearepa i^ofievj yvSne koS^ iica&TOV cueovovre^. 
AvTovpyol re yap wi IleKoTrovpifia'toi, iccu ovre lSt€f 
aure ev tcoof^ *)(priiJUVTa lernv avtoU, hrena ')(popUafu 
TToKefMop icciX huvrrovrUnv Sireipoi iut to ppaj(4(a^ 
avrol eir oWt^Xoi/v (nro irepla^ hrijftptiv. Kou oiio 
roiovroi olrre vav^ TrXfipovvre^ dure 'jre^a^ crparia/i 
nroXKoKUi iinripnretv Swavrat, cnr6 r&v lBia)v re Sfia 
ojrJvre: koI airo r&P avr&v Sanravmrre^, icai Trpoci" 
ri /uu OaXaca-fj^ elpyofievoL* ai Se treptovauu rov^ 
TToXefWi;^ /laXKov ^ ai filcuoi ici^opcu aP€j(pva-tv, 1( 
Stofuun re eToifwrepoi oi avrovpyoX r&p opOpwrrtop 
Pi j(prjfia<n iroXefMelv, ro fiev ttiotop e)(opr€^ etc r&p 
tcivSupcop khp irep^ftpitrOoA^ ro Se ov fie/Satop firj 
oi irpoapoKuifreiPt aXXG>9 re tckp irapa Bo^ap, ftrep 
€MC09> o TToXefU)^ ovToU p/qKVprjrcu. ^oXV ^^ yap 90 
fUf irpo^ iirapra^ ''EWrjpa^ Svparol neKoiropvri<noi 
/ecu ol ^fifui')(pi aprurj(€2pi iro'XMfiecp 6k p,ri irpo^ 
ofioutp iprvrrapcutkevrip dBt/parot, irtep firp-e fiovKev 
rqpUp €pI yp^iiepoi, irapa'Xpfjp^ ri o^i<o^ hrireX&a-i, 
iripre^ re la'oyfnjil>oi oirrev fccu ovj^ ofio^vKoi ro €(f> » 
iaurop &caaro^ awtvSrf ef &p <l>iKit p/rfSep en-ire^ 
Xe9 ytypeaOcu. Km yap oi pip «9 paXiara ripc^- 
prjadaOai rwa fiouKoprtu, ol Be (09 rJKurra ra oicela 
ipOelpai. Xpoptol re ^upiopre^ ep fipa^xju pip popitp 
axovovai t* r&p kovp&p^ t^ Se irXtovi ra oik€ui9} 



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234 THUETDIDES. 

wpaaaovap. Kcu icaaro^ ov irapa rfpf iavrov ofM^ 
Tsjeuxv olereu fiXay^LV, fJbeKeiv Se rivi km aXX^ \nr\p 
iavTov Ti trpoiZelvt &<rre r^ avr^ xnro aircanoov iBl^ 
So^aafAOTi \av0ap€iv to koivov a$p6ov ^eipofM^tHOf. 

6 Meyurrov Be r^ r&v jQnjfiaTmp <nrai^4 teaikutrovrcu. 
Stop (r/pX^ aura 'iropi^OfAevoi SutfieXXtoaip • tov Si 
iroKefJMv oi Ktupdi ov fieveroL Kai fi^ ov8* 4 
eiriTelx<^^» ovBe to vcwrucov avr&v a^iov <l>ol3fi$^ 
vcu. Tifv fiof yap yoKeifov xai €P el/nfPjf iroKiV 

y^ avriirciKov irapaaicevaa'aaOai^ fi irov S^ kv TroXefti^ 
T€ KCU ovx fja'cop ixelvoi^ fifA&v avT€inr€T€V)(yTii4v»w^ 
ipovpiov V ei irovf^ovTcu^ t^ /a€v yffi pKaetrroiep 
av Ti, fiepo^ KoraZpoiuwi kcu aurofioXiaiii, ov fieirroi 
Ikovov y€ eerrcu hnr€V)(jifyiv re KtoXvew ^fui^ TrXev- 

is aavra^ h rijv eKetvtov, Koi jjirep ^^^(yo/iep, raiq 
vava-lv afivveaOcu* ifkeov yap ^fieU e)(pfi€P rov Kara 
yfjp he TOV vavTifKov ip/rreipuK, ^ eKelvoi he rov 
KaT ffirttpov 69 Ta vavruccL 7% Si T79 0aKaa<rffi 
hrurrriiiova/i yeveadai ov pffbUn^ avroU irpotryevi^ae' 

sorai. OvSe yap vfui^, fieXjer&VTe^ tUrro evdv^ otto 
T&v MfiSucAvj e^eipyeurde ira* 7r£9 S^ opSpe^ ye»p^ 
yol K€u ov OcCKaaaio^ km irpoaerh ovSk psKertf' 
(TOi hurofievoi Suk to v<I> tifiSiv iroXKcu^ vavaip aei 
€<l>opfJLeia'0a^ a^iov av Ti Bp^ep ; IIpo^ p^ep yap oX!r 

06^09 €<l>opfiova'a9 k&v ButKivSvpoMreuw, irXi^Oev ryp 
dfiaOlav 0pa(rvvovT€^* iroXKcu^ Se elpyop^evoi ficv)(Qf- 
aovat KCU hf t^ p,ri p^eKer&vTi d^verwTepoi eaovrcut 

KCU Ot aVTO KCU OKPffpOT€pOU 10 06 VaVTMCOP T€- 

j(yrf^ eoTii^ o}<nr€p kcu aXKo tc, kcu ovk €pS^(€TCUp 
woTCUf TV)(7i, he irapepyov p^\era<r0cu, aXXa fiiXK^P 



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SPEECH OF PEBIELES. 235 

f»/ffi€P aceiv^ irdpepyov oKKo ylypeaOctc. Etre iccu 
Kun^ame^ r&v ^Okv^tcurtv ^ AeK^oi^ j(prffuiT<op 
lUaO^ fiel^ovi ireip^nno ^fi&v vwdKafieiv rov^ ^eifov^ 
rw vavT&v, p/rf ovrtov fiev ^fi&v avrtiraXoDV, eapdv 
T^p (WT&p T€ Koi r&v /1€ToIk<ov, Setvov civ ^v b 
wv Sk ToBe re inrdp^e^ kcu Sirep KparioTOP, kv» 
fi€pvffr(K €^op>ev TToklrfK teal rrjv aXKtjv vTnjpeo'iap 
"jrXelov^ MU dpslvov^ tj irSura ^ oXXi; *£X\a9. KaX 
enri r^ /cipSvpip ovSel^ hv Se^turo r&v ^evtov Trjv re 
airmi ^icuyeiv kcu p,era rffi ^<rovo^ ipLa eXm-iSo^, lo 
ohMfmv fifuep&v &€Ka psyaKov puaOov Sdcern^, €K€lr 
vovi ^ar/tdvl^eaOcu^ Kai ra piv IleTioirowfja'uov 
eptoiye roiaSra tuu irapanrXr^ui hoK^l etvcu, ra 
Se rip,er€pa tovtcdv re &v7r€p exeivoi^ ip^p^'^ap/qv 
dfmiKKayOcUs kcu, oKKa ovfc dm rov iaov peyoKaib 
ex^v. "Hv T eni r^ xdipav ripMV ire^ ic^aiVt 
flfJuS,^ hrl TJjiv hceivoDV irXevaovpeOa, kcu ovxen he 
Tov ip^olov ecrrcu nekoirowi^aov p^epo^ n rp/qOfjvcu 
iceiX Trfv *Amtcrfv airaaav* ol p^ev yap ovx i^ovctv 
aKhifv dpTikafieiv dpax^l, r^piv Se eoTt yfj TroXX^ao 
/cai iv vr^OK kcu /car ijTreipov, Meya yap to rfj^ 
ffaXdatrri^ tcpdra^. Xxey^uaOe hi* el yap ^p^ev vrf^ 
tri&Tai, rive; av aKijirrorepoi fja-av ; Kai vvv xpij 
iri eyyvrara rourov Biavor)0€vra^ rrjv p,€v yfjv kcu 
<HKUK d(f>€lvai, T^ Se OaKdatrq^ KcHi irdXew^ ^vXo- as 
x^ ix^iv, luu neKoirovvfi<noi^ irrip avr&v opytr 
4r$4vr(H9 iroXK^ irKeloin p^ huipJyeadaA {^Kparrf- 
aavre^ r€ yap cAdi^ ovtc eKda-aoa-i p^axovfieOa, Koi 
^ c^dK&p^evt ra r&v ^p,pAxo>v, oOev i4r)(yop£v, 
irpo&am'dKKureu * ov yap ^avxd<rov<n p,q ucav&v ^pL&v »i 



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236 THITKYDmES. 

Sptcdv err aurov^ &rpare6e$p), n^ re ifki^vpaw f^ 
ouci&p Ktu jfJK iroielaOat, oKKa rSxp tm^yuiftwp* ^ 
yap ToBe rox^ apSpo/^, aXX' ol avSpe^ raXhm kt&ptm* 
Exu el ^(trrfv Trelaeip Ifia^, avrov^ hf i(eK0dvrm^ 
BexeKevop aura irf&<rai, xeu ie^cu He'KoTrotifija'Ut^ tti 
Totnmv je (ve/ca oS^ viraicoiseff^^ JloXXa M ftA 
oKKa exfo h iXirUa rav ffepit&ea'&m, ^i^ i&^/tfT9 
apxn^ re fi^ hnxrSurOm i/ui irdkefjLcvme^ mii stipi^ 
yov^ au0eup4rotn /l^ irpo^ri^<T0€U* fjAXKoif yap #i^ 

n^ifiriiieu ra^ ohceu^ tipAy dfMprU^ ^ ta^ rih 
^vatfTiwp iunH)ia9i *A>^ iMelva fuu lui ev isXip 
\iy^ ifui roif; ipyoui Si/\»tf^6tiu' vih Sk roirnMt 
chroKptvafievai afiroTrtft^fAeP, Meyapia^ pM on io^ 
^vfjbep ayopa xai \ipJcri XpfjaOfUf ^v tuu Aojce^ 

It i€Ufjulp$oi ^epffkaalaf p^ij iroiAeri fufre 4f^ /**h^ 
T&p ^p£T€pt0p ^p^puifyjmf (^&vf€ y^p lieewo k»xA€$ 
€P rah <nrovBm^ ovre toSc), to? 8J it^Xh^ 3rn 
aurovopoxt^ cufnjtrop^ew, el icdi avrovopLov^ i)(pvret 
e(nreurdp£0€t, tau irav tccueeSvoi rah avr&p afroSA<n 

wvoKeai p^ cr^iai rak AoMeZo^^pKiviOk^ iitvnjIieU^^ ai^ 
rovop^etffdait oKKja avroU extiarroi^, A^ fiovX/nmu* 
S/iUK Be in eOeKopep Sovwu xara rot {vytfifco^ 
troKep^v he ovk ap^p^ep, ap^opJpov^ Se ofAwavfAeOtt^ 
Tavra yap SUfua /cal vpewovra apM r§Se rp iroKc$ 

^ anroKpivaadai. ElSevoi Se j(prf in dpoytof iroXepbetP* 
fpf Se eKownoh pJahXov Sej^mpeOit, ^<r6p iyweuropLe* 
vov^ T0V9 evavriav^ ^Ijopep* im re r&p pxyi^reai^ 
KivSvptov in Koi rroKei, icdi likwryf p,4yurraA r§ftdi 
wept^lyvovrau Ol yovp irarepe^ fjpAp vTrocr^nitrtet 

toM^Sot/Y^ Koi oi/K mo roar&pBe opp^pbe96% oXXa Mt 



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ATTEMPT UPON PJbATAIA. 287 

it€U ToKfMf ful^ovi ^ Swa^iu TOP T€ fiopfiopov a^TfiO)- 
aaPTO K€U e9 raZe 'irporiya/yop aiira^ *Iiv ov XP^ 
XgvireaOai, oKKa rov? t$ kx^pov^ ircarn rpairtp apv* 
veaOoit Ktu roi^ hrpypyvofjLevon^ veLpacdoi aira ^tf 
iKaarfo irapaBovpcuJ^ 

*0 yip UepucXifi roiavra etirep. Oi £' *A0ffpa2oi 
pojuaopre^ apurra cr^iac irapcuwSv oirop iyfrr)^ 
amPTO &> ixdKevep, /uu roh AouuZiUHOpioi^ aireKplpapro 
r% hcelpov yptopf, /caff* fKOirra re m if^pcurep, /uii 10 
TO {vf^rn'op QvSip /ceKeudfLCPOi 'n-oii/i<retp, SU^ Se icara 
T(0^ (w0iiK{K €To2fU}i etpcu h^akueaBcu vepH r&p 
eyKKvifS^jLrmp eir^ io^ Ktu Ofioi^ JCuu oi psp aire- 
jffipifaop hr oIkov, koL ovKeri varepop eirpeo'/SevopTO. 

Mtuu a avT€u tuu hui^piu ^epoPTO dpAfxne' is 
/XU9 irpo rod voXefLov, ap^dy£P<u evOvs diro t&p ep 
*Ev^&dfunp fuu Kepieppff* eirefjUypvpro H ijjuo^ €P 
avTiU9 Kcu 'trap dXXq^^^ov^ i^^irwp, cucnjpvKrrm^ fjUp, 
mnnrdirrm^ h\ ov* airovS&p yap fv^xvcrt? ra yupfd* 
fS£Pa ^p Ktu irpo^fUTi^ roS voKefJbetp* » 



IV. ATTEMPT UPON PLATAIA. (Lib. IL 
cc. 2-6- B. 0.431-) 

Tmr<rapa fiip yap tuii Sexa enf epep^ivav ai 
rpuveopTovrei^ ottopSoi, (A iyevopro /ler Eifiola^ 
aXMCiP' r^ Se ir4iiirr(p Koi heKartp erev, eni Xpu- 
<t^9 c> "Apyu Tore veprqKOpra hvoip Beopra eny 



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238 THUKTDIDBS. 

IIvOoBdpov ^i Buo iifjva^ apxpvro^ ^AOrpmioi^, f^era 
T^y hf HoTiZoMf fJi^X'^ ^^^ &CT^, mi ifia ^i 
apxpfievij^, BfipaUiv avBpe^ ciKirftp ifKelov^ rpuucoal' 
5ft)v (jffovvro Sc ain&v ^oianof^ovvTe^ Ilv0afffe>jk 
re o ^XeiSov /ecu AUfviropo^ o ^ OvryroplZov) ea^Xr 
00V 'irepi irpSnov tnrvov ^vp SttXoi^ e? UKaraiav 
T^ Boumia^, otcav ^AOfjvoMv ^fi,fia/)(IBcu ^Emj- 
ydyovTO Be /ecu avetp^av ra^ itvXas; TtKareu&p 

10 SpBpe^, Nctu/cXeiSrj^ re /ecu oi fier airov, fiovXi^ 
fievoc iSicK tve/ea Zwaiuoa^ avSpa^ re rSp iroTurmp 
T0V9 <r<f>ia'w inrevainlov^ Buuf>0etpcu /ecu rrjv iraktv 
&f)ficUoi^ irpoawoifja-cu. "E'rrpa^cw Be ravra Bi Ev- 
pvfjuij(pv Tov AeovTuxSov, atfBpo^ Offficucov Bvparm* 

16 rdrov. IT/ToliSoWe? yap oi BtjlScuoi Stl eaoi,ro o 
iroKepbo^t ^^ovKovro rrfv IlXch-auw, del <r^uri &a- 
^pov oiacw, en ev clprfpy re kcu tov woikeptov 
fATfirn if>caf€pov /eaJOeerrSno^ irpo/earcCKafielv, fl« km 
paov eKoBov eaeXOovre^, <t>v\cucfj^ oi irpOKode^mi/culcu;. 

so Oefievoi Be e? t^ d/jopaif ra ottKo, toU fiep eirur 
yofUvoi^ ovK eirelOopTo &<rr ev0v^ epyov ISf(ea0eu 
/ecu Upcu €9 ra^ oucw r&v e)(Op&P» yvdiiM/iv Si 
hroiovvro /erjpvjficuTl re j^prftrcurOcu hrvrffielo/s /etu 
h ^pficunv fiaXKov /ecu ^iklap rrfv iro>av dycpfewt 

^ /ecu opelirev o /crjpv^, el ta9 povKercu /car a ra wd- 
rpia T&v trdvTOiv pouorSw ^fAfiaxelv, rlOeaOcu irap 
avTov^ ra ^Xo, vo/jti^ovre^ a^uri paBu»9 fovrtp r^ 
rpoTTtp irpoirytdpr^aeaf rrjp iroKw. Ol Be UKoitcu^ 
009 ^Oovro tpBop re ovra^ rot;? Brjficuov^ /ecu €{«- 

^iripalfo^ /caretXrjfi/iivrjp rifp irdkiv, KaToBeiactpre^ /eai 



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ATTEMPT UPON PLATAIA. 239 

WfUatarre^ '/roXK^ m-Xeiov^ laeKviKvOivcu (ov yap 
apwv iv Til wKTi) *rrp6^ ^vfipaaof l^co/^i/craj^, kcu 
T0V9 Xoyov^ Be^dfievoi fiax^a^ov^ oXXco? re km eiretSff 
€9 oifBepa ovSep evecrrepi^ov. Upaaaovre^ Se mo^ 
raSra Kareporjacw oi ^o\Xov9 rov^ Bripaiov^ Svra^, 6 
Ktu evofjucav eirtdep^voi pefSuo^ Kparfja-cu* r^ yap 
wXriOei tSjv ItKaTOi&v ov fiovXap^anp fpf r&v ^AOrj^ 
paimv a^Urraada^ *EB6/c€i oZv einf)(€if7frea elvcu, koX 
(vp€\eyavTo Siopwraovre^ rov^ koivov^ Tolj(pv^ 'trap 
aXXi^Xoi/Vy ^co9 p^ Bta r&v oSwv if>av€pol &a-w «oWe9» lo 
dpM^a^ re avev rSnf xnro^vyUov 69 ra^ ohov^ KoSlarar 
cap, iv dmi relypv^ rj, kcu rdihXa e^prvop, tf tKoarov 
l^cuvero 7rp6^ ra irapovra ^p^pov Sa-eaOcu. ^EttcI 
Se i^ €/c T&v SwarSfp irolpa rpf, ^vkd^avre^ en vuxra 
Ktu aino ro ireplopOpov exd>pow Ik t&v oIki&v err i* 
avTov^, Sir(09 p/q Kara <f>&^ OapacCKeonipoi^ oiai 
irpoaif>epoDVTai km a^lo'tv €K tov laov yiyva>vrM, oXX* 
iv wktI if>op€poyr€poi ovre^ fja-a-ox;^ &ai rfj^ <r^>eripa^ 
€pir€ipiaji rrf; Kara rrpf troXxv* Tlpoa-e^aXdv re €V0V9 
Koi €9 X€i/)a9 ^crav Kara rayo^. Ol 8' <09 iyvma-av^ 
^amffievoi, ^;vv€<rTpij>cvTO re ev a<f>ia'ip avroU» km 
ras irpocfidXa^f p wpoawiirTOiev, anrttnAovvrQ. Km 
819 pev ^ rfw dftreKpova-avro, hretra rroXK^ Oopufi^, 
avr&v re irpoafiaKKovrtov, km r&v ywMK&v km r&v 
ohcer&v ipa airo r&v ouu&v Kpavyy re km oKokuy^v 
y(p<opJve»v \ld019 re km Kepdpq) /SaXKovrcav, km verov 
&pa Zia WKTo^ TToXKov eiriyevopevov, €<f>ofiri0rja'av km 
Tpanrdpevoi e<l>vyov Sid rf}^ iroXea^, wrrecpoi pev ovre^ 
oi TrXetot^ ev aKor^ km TnjX^ r&v BtdS(DV ^ XP^ 
m00fp»M (km yap reXevr&vro^ rov p/qv6^ ra yir/vdp^va ao 



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240 THUXTDIDli3 

^), ifiveipov^ Se exovr^ tov9 iU^scovroi rav /m| 
ix<l>€vy€iv, &OT€ Sie^elpovTO voKkoL T&v Se UXo^ 
TM&p Tt9 Ta9 m/XiK, p iir^KJBov tuu aHirep ^<w ai^« 
i^fiewu fioiHUt exXeure arvpeuci^ aucovriov avri fioKiif 
§pav jQyffcdfAevo^ €9 toi^ ffto;^\oy, &4TT€ fif^c ravrtf er^ 
€^oSov etvau ^u»jeofi£voi re Kara r^ woKw, oi ijuh 
TiPe^ avT&v hrt ro reixo^ apcifidyrei ipptA^uv I9 to 
2j^ <r<t>a9 auTQik, totu S^e^dpufirav <h 'irXeiav^, ol Si 
Korra vvKik ip^/MfV^t yvyaum Sovati^ irtKetcw, Xor 

40 Oowre^ Koi StascoyfravTef ivv ffto;^Xoy efffKOop oi iroTCKoI 
(alaOfitri^ yap rajfela iw^epero), aXKoi fie aXXp r^ 
voKeo^ <nropaBijp avdXKvpro* 1% Si irXalarop tui 
Scop fioKMrra ^ (vpe^rrpapLftepop, icnriirrotHnp e? 
oLcfifUk p^Oi t fflf Tov relxov^ tuu aX TrXofciop 6vp<u 

15 ap€<pyp^eu eTVj(pp airrov, olopevoi m/Xa^ to? dvpa^ rov 
oliciyuvro^ elwu /uu opTitepv^ BloBop 69 to €{»• 
*Op&PT€^ 8' avT0i;9 oi UKaTatij^ caruXrffjtpJpov^ Ifiov^ 
"kevoPTO elre KarcucaiMTmiTVP &<nr€p ixptxrw, ipm-pti' 
cavre^ ro oiicrfpa, £» re ri oKko ^(pi^toprai. TeKo^ 

toSe ovrol re koI Scot aXXoi rw Otffiauap ireptSjaop 
Kara rffp rroKuf vKoifipiepoi^ (up^tfcop roi9 UKarcw 
evai irapaioinKU a4f>a^ avrov^ mu ra SyrKa, j(fii^aa-$a4 
S ri iip fiovKanrrat. Ol pip S^ &f r^ UkmroLf outo»9 
iireirpayeaap. 

m Ol te oXXo* SfiPalot, ov9 eSe^ eri rrj^ yi;jcT09 ira^po/^ 
jepeaOoi iravtrrpamot el ri apa pJq irpoytopolri ro'i^ 
eceXfqXvOoai, rffi ar/yeKla^ Sjia koO* oSop auToJ? 
pffOelaifff; vepl r&p jeyeptfpeptop eireporiOovp, ^Aireyei 
S* 17 ItKarauL rSav Oijfi&p craZlov^ ePSop-j^KOPra^ tuu 

•oto v&tfjo TO yepopepop rfj^ pvkto^ e'lroltfO'e ppaZurepop 



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by Google 



ATTEMPT UPON PLATAIA. j^l 

mvTOv^ i\$€iv o yap ^Aaomro^ irorofio^ eppwf fieyaif 
KM 019 fxfbuo^ Btafiarh^ Ijv. Ilopevofievol re iv ver^, 
Kcu Tov TTora/MV /ioXt9 BiafiavT€<:, wrrepov *rrap€y€vovTO, 
ijSrj T&v avhp&v r&v fiev hie<^apfi4v<ov r&v he ^(ovtcdv 
e)(pfAev<ov. 'A? o ^Oovro oi Offfiatoi to yeyemffievov, 6 
eirefiovXevov toU ef a> t^ -TroXeco? r&v ILKa/rou&v • 
f^aav yap kcu avOptoTroi, Kara rov^ a^pov^ kcu, Karor' 
0'K€vri, ota airpofrhoKTfrov kokov ev eLprflfr/ yevofievov* 
IpovkovTo yap aif>l<nv, el riva Xafioiev, xnrap^evv aini 
r&v ei/Sov, tfy apa rit/fOiri rive^ e^wyprip,iiH}U Kai oi lo 
/t€i/ roMra hievoovvro* ol he ItKarcurfi m huxfiovXevO" 
lUimv ain&v, vTroroirria-apre^ rou>vrdv ri eaeaOa^ Koi 
helaavre^ irepi roh e^ KrjpvKa e^eirepA^uif irapa tow 
Bf^Palov^, \eyovre; Sr^ ovre ra ireirovrifieva o<rU^ 
hpcureiav^ ev <nrovha2^ a'<f>S>v tretpaOevre^ KaraXafieiviB 
rrp^ irokttfy ra re e^ ekeyov airoh p/ri ohLKelv. E\ 
he firit KCU avrol €(f>a^av avr&v tov9 avhpa^ airoKre^ 
velp, 01)9 exova-i ^&vra^' avaxfoprjaavrtov he rraKaf €k 
rr}^ *y^ airohtoa-eiv avroJ? tov9 Svhpw;. OrjlSaLOi fjip 
ravra Xeyovai, kcu erropLoo'cu ^>aai,v avrov^ * Ttkaratr}^ so 
h* ovj^ ofioXoyova-i tov9 avhpa^ evOxri ^ vnroa^eo'dcu 
OTrohioceiv, oKKa Xoytov irpSnov yevofievtov, ^1/ t* 
^vfkfialvcDai, Kol eirofioa-eu ov ^curiv, Ek h oZv rrfi 
yffi aife)({opnfiaav ol Grj^aioL ovhep ahiKTicavre^ * oi he 
ITkaraiTpi, eTreihrj ra ck rrj^ X^P^ Kara ra^xp^ eaexo-m 
fucavro, aireKreivav rov^ avhpa^ evOv^. Haav he 
oyhor^KOvra Koi eKarov oi \i]<f>0evre^, kcu Eipvp^xo^ 
cf? avT&p ^p, 7rp6^ OP eirpa^ap ol irpoht^opre^, Tovro 
he irotxiaaprei 69 re ra<; ^Adrflfo^ arfyeKop eirefiTroVf 
KcH T01/9 pcKpov^ xnroairophov^i direhoactp Tot9 Off fialoi^, w 
21 



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by Google 



342 THUKTDIDS& 

TOT ep r^ wokfi /eaOlaravro wpo^ ra trapoWo, j^ 

vepi T&v ItKartu&p yeyepfjfAepo, iui Boi^tr&p re ira" 
pttXPVH^ fwe^o/Sw &ro* ^or iv t§ *AttucJ, iuu e? 

$ Tt/p nkarauiv eirefi/y^xw tcrifwtca, xeKevorre^ ehrelv furfiep 
pedmpop iroielp 'n-epi r&v cofip&p ot^ excv<ri Bfj^tuc^p, 
trpiv ay ta iuu aurot /3ovXeiHrm<n mpl airw * w 
yap ^yytXjffff avroU Sri reOwf/cilrff eUp. ^Afia yap^ 
r^ i<r^8^ yiyvofUvtf r&v 0ri^aU»v o irpSpro^ ayyeXo^ 

^ ^^h o Si ievrtpo^ apn piPunifUvrnv re «au ^VP€^ 
XfffifUpmp* MciH r&p iarepcfp oiSkp fieaop. Ovrm Sif 
OVK tiSore^ oi ^ASfjpoSoi eire<rreXKop • i Se fcrjpv^ o^- 
ledp^epo^ €vp€ rov^ SpSpa/f hK^appApov^. Kcu pera 
ravra ol ^AOffpaioi arparreva-apre^ h ITkarcuap airov 

16 re itrrffoyop iUU <l>povpoif^ eyKarekvtrop, r&p re avOpd^ 
wfop T0U9 dxpetararov^ {vr ymnu^l tuu muaip ^ko^ 
pM-op. 



V. PUBLIC FEELING IN GEEECR ALLIES 
OP THE TWO CONPEDEEACIEa (Lib. IL 
CO. 7-9.) 

Teyeprip^epov te rod ep JTK/iraujuii tpyov^ tctu XeXupJ' 
pwp XapnrpSi^ r&p <nropS&p, oi *A0ffpaioi wapeaKevd^opro 
90«09 TToXe/LtTjo-oirrev* IlapeaKevafypro he kcu oi AcuceScw 
pLOPioi KCU oi ^vp^paypi avr&p, Trpecfielaf; re pJxXopre^ 
irepmeiP irapa ^cUriXea kcu aXKoce e? rov9 ficipfiapoi^t 
ei TToOep rwa oi^Tuop i^Xirt^op eKorepoi 'irpocXrf^^^ 



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i 



FUBUC FEELING H? GBEECB. 24d 

4r04U, irokei9 t€ (vfifia^l8(x^ troiovfiafoi, Sa-cu ^aav 
errt>9 TTJ^ eavToav Svpafieof^ Kcu AcuceScufioviot^ fiev, 
w/>09 ToTv tnn-ov inrofyxpfuacw: ef ^IraXla^ icai Stfc€\la^ 
roh roKelvwv ikofUinn^, vav^ hr€Tdj(07f(rav iroieiaOtu 
Kara fieyeBo^ t&p troK^v, w h rov Travra apidfiov » 
ireuTOKOffU^v ve&v ea-ofAevcov, leat dpyvpiov prjrov eroi- 
fid^€Lv,Td T oKka ^ov^d^ovTfK ictu ^Affrjvalov^ Sej^o- 
/-t€i/au9 /wa vrft, «»9 hv ravra irapaaxevaa-O^, *A0rj' 
vcuoi Se rrpf re wrdp^ovaav (vfifiaj^lav efifrofov, kcu 
€9 ra ir€pi IlekoTrowrfavv fiSXKov X(opia eirpea'PevovTO, lo 
KepKVpav tccu Ke^aKK'qvlav kcu *AKC^)vava^ kcu Zd- 
KW0OV, op&PTt^, el (T^iai if>£Kia ravr etrj, ^efiala)^ 
nrepi^ rrjv neXovSvprfo-ov KaraTroXefiTJa-ovre^, ^OKiyov 
T€ eprevdow oiSev afJL^drepoi^ aX\* epponno h rov 
TToKefiov, owe oTreiKOTWi; • dpypfievoi yap irdme^; of v- iff 
repov dvrtKafifidvovrai, rdre & kcu vedrrj^ 'jroXKri fiev 
ohira ep r^ HeKtrfrowr^frip iroyXri S' ep rcu^ ^AOrfvcu^ 
ovK oKOtHTuo^ VTTO dfiretpio^ ijirrero rod voXefiov, fj re 
aXKff '£XXa9 Trcura fierempo^ ^ ^uvtovo'&v r&p irpw- 
rmv nroKewv. Keu voXKa p^ev \dyui eKeyero, TroXXaao 
Se j(pffC'fAoXdyo$ ^Sov & re roi^ pLeKKavan iroKep^r^o'eiv 
KCU hf raU SXKcu9 irdkea-iv. "En ie Afjhjo^ eKivrfirj 
oXlyov v-po rcvrmv, irpdrepov ovirw ceurBelaa d<f>* ov 
'^EXKffve^ pAp^vrpnai * eKeyero Se kcX iEdxet eiri roc^ 
p,iKKjov(ri yevTiaeaOat (rrjp^fjuai. Et re Ti ctXTu) Totov- » 
Torpoirov ^wePij y€V€<rOac, irdvra dpe^rjrelro, *H Sc 
evvoia irapa iroXv erroiei rAv ca/ffporircov p^XKov 69 
Toi;9 AoKeBaip^vlov^, aX.Xa>9 re kcu irpoenrdvrayp irk 
rrpf ^EiKKaha ekevOepovtrip, "Eppcord re wa9 kcu ISud' 
T179 KCU TToXi^, €1 Ti SvpcuTO KCU xdyfp KCU epy<p f W6- 30 



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244 THUKTDIDS& 

vCKaiipdif€W ouro!?* h rovr^ re KWinlJoadcu eboic^ 
etcaartp ra Tr/M^y/iaro, ^ /iri r«9 aviv^ Trap^OTOu 
OvTto^ opy^ €tj(pv oi ifKeioxf^ tou9 *A0fivaiov^, ol fuv 
T^ afy)(jqi anrdkuOfpftu fiovXofAepoi, ol Si fjbfi apy(0&ai 

B <^l3oufjL€voi. napac/ceu^ fiev cZv roiaurp Koi yvcifbjf 
&pfjuijvTo, irdke^^ 8' itedrepoi raaZ* expvre^ ^fifui)(pt^ 
69 TOP iro\£fjLov KadlaTOVTo. AtucehcuiMvUnv fJL€p otSe 
(v^fjMXpL, HeKiyirowrficrioh fuv oi hrm ^laOfiov iravre^ 
irKriv ^Apyeuov kcu ^AycuSnf {roxnovi 8* e? ofi^re- 

10 fiov^ iffCKia ^v* IleW/qvfi^ Se '^;^cu£i/ fiJvo$ (weiro* 
XefLOW TO irp&TOP, eireira Be vcrrepov /cai airavre^^ 
l|a> Be IleKoirowi^ov Meytipffi, t(Ofc!j<:, AoKpol, £oia>- 
Tol, *Afjt7rpaKuiT€u, AevicaBio^ ^Avcucropun. Toxn^v 
vavTucov irapeL'XpVTO KoplvOio^ M^apry;, Suctmvioi, 

16 IleXX/rjvfy;, *RKe2oi, * Apm-poKt&nu, AevKoBioi, hmretK 
Be Bouorol, tto/cfj^, Ao/cpol* al B* aXKcu iroKet^ ire^^p 
irapeixpv. Avvq AateeBoifuovlmv ^p^fjLayUk. *A0ijpai(op 
Be X2o«, Aeafiio^ IIkara4Sy;, Meirarpfioi, ot kv Nov 
irdicTtp, ^AKoppovov ol 9rX€iov9» KeptcvpoMt, ZokupOuu, 

»Kcu aXXai 7ra\£K ai vTroreKeh ova-cu & eOvea^ 
TotrolaBe, Kapla ^ eni OcLKaaajft Atapiffi Kapa^ 
Trpoaoi/co^ *Ii»vla, *EWTi<nrovTO^, ra eni Bpftcrj^t 
vfjaoi oaeu eino^ IleKonropvriaov kcu Kprfrr)^ irpo^ 
ffkiov dpur)(pvTat vao-eu al aXXai KvKkaBef; irXriv 

fsMrjXjov fcal Sripa^. Tovrtdv vavrucov irapel'xpvro Xlo^, 
Aeapioit Keptcvpaioi, ol B* aXkoi ve^v tea* ypr^p^TO. 
'8tvp,p4i')(la fiep oun; eKareptov kcu vapturKevrj C9 rov 



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BESOUBCBS OF ATHENS. 245 

VI- EESOURCES OF ATHENE (Lib. IL c. la 
B. C- 431.) 

"Eri Si rS>v HeKoirowria'Uov ^XKeyofievtov t€ e9 
TOP laufiov /ecu €v 00^ ovTtov, irpw eapoKeiv e? Trfv 
*Amfcrfv, IlepiKXfy: 6 UavBLmrov^ arparfjyo^ &y *A0ff* 
vcufov, tixaro^ atrro^, w eyvm ryu iafioXffv eao^iei/ffv, 
viroTfyfrria'a/i, irk * Ap^iZojio^ avr^ ^€Pos &v ewyj^ai/6, 5 
fiij iroXKoK^^ ^ avro9 iSuf fiovKofievo^ %a/}i(fe<r0<u rov^ 
af/pov^ auTOV 'rrapaXiTrp kcu /a^ Sffdarf, ^ iuu AaxeBa^ 
IJkOviMV KeXevcavrmv hrl SuifioX^ r^ iavrov yevrinu 
rovTO, &<nr€p kcu ra ajrj eKaupeiv irpoeiirov tv€Ka hceir 
vov, 'rrpofjyopeve Toh ^ABtfpaJot^ hf ry hcKXtfcuf Sr^ lo 
^Ap^lSafU)^ fA€v oi ^evo^ etr), ov fUvroi eni Kote^ ye 
•nj^ 7ra\€a>9 yevoLTO, tov9 S* aypoif^ tov9 eavrov kcu 
oucia^ fyf apa p,ri Bydatoaw oi voKcfuoi Sanrep kol t^ 
r&v SiSXtov, a^irfciv aura ivjpkoaui etvai icdi fi/rjBefJuav 
ol xmoy^lav Kara ravra ylyveaOcu. Ilaprfvei Sk kol if 
irepi tSjv 'irapovTtov, airep xai irporepop, irapaaieevd' 
^eaOal re e; rov iroke/iov, teal ra he r&p aypwv €<rico- 
pJ^eaOah ^ t€ p^X'^v p^ hre^Uva*, aXXa rtfp irokiv 
eaeXdoprfK <t>v\aaa€ip, Koi ro povtikop, ^ep uryy^ 
ovai,p, e^aprveaOcu, ra re r&p ^p,pMf)((op hta xe^po^» 
ej(€ip, \&ya>p rrpf l(r)^ airrch anro rovr<op etpcu r&p 
Xprfp^rtop rrj^ 'irpocoSov, ra Se woXKa rov iroXep^ov 
yptop/jl! feai j(pr)p>ara>p irepiovcla KparetcOai^ Oapaetp 
re exekeve irpocLOPrtop pip e^afcoauop raXcwredP w eni 
ro woXu ^opov Kar evumrop airo r&p ^/Lt/ta^oii^ r^ as 
voKeit ap€v rlj^ aXKfy: rrpotrohov, virapypprci>p Se ep 
21 • 



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S46 THUKTBIDBS. 

T^ oKpoTToKei en Tore dpyvpiov eirurrifiov i^€ucurj(i\m9 
TMkapT^w (^ra yap vXel^^a rpuucotrimv dvroieovra 
fivpia eyevero, d<f> wv S^ t€ ra irpoirvkcua t^ cucpo' 
woKew^ Kcu T&K\a oltcotop^rifiaTa km €9 noriSauuf 

^ itnwfiKiSi^)^ X^p^^ ^^ XP^^^^ oo^l^t; km apyvpiov 
i» re avoAriiuurw ]lbloi^ kbu irffMO-ioi^, kcu o^a l^fia 
VKCwj irepi re rws rropara^ Ktu tov9 ojwhk kcu cKvKa 
MffSuca KM el r^ rxHovrerrpoiroVt ovk eXatacavo^ (^JJyj 
tj rn'OfTctKod^v raKoantMf* "Eri H km ra Ik t&p 

i(iS\Xa>p iepm rrpoatriBei, xprffiara om oXlya^ oU XP^ 
ceaBcu airois, kcu ^ vamf e^ipye^irrcu rravrmp, km 
€tuTfJ9 T^ Oeov roh rrepuceifjJpoi^ ypvaioifi* aw&ficupe 
S* e^ou TO ayoK^ia retra-cbpcucopTa rcLkcuna craBpiay 
Xpvaiov oftre^Oov, kcu wepiMperov eiPM &jrav. •XpiT* 

litraiUifQV^ re hn c^rTjpuf e/^ Xf^P^^'^ P'^ eXcura'c^ 
imucafToorrfiffM voKlp* Xp^fiMai fkip oZv ovna^ 
iOapavwep avroi^, ivKlraii ie TpurxCKioxf^ km fivpiov^ 
€tvM, Sveu rw ep ro2^ ^povploi^ KtU r&p irup 
JhraX^ip e^cucurx''^^'^ ^ pAfpimp. Twrovriu yip 

n^^Xeiatrop to rrpSnop, iirore oi woXe/uu^^ eixfiakoiev^ 
wiro re r&p wpeafivrarmp km t&p pemrarmp^ km 
fierotKcop Saoi ottXItm ijacof* Tov re yap tciKqpmov 
reixov^ araZiot ijaav vane kcu rpuucopra Vfm top 
kvkXop rov aareo^, kcu ovtov tov kvkKov to ^vXaaco- 

»fi£POP rpei^ KM rea-capaKOpra * e<rry & mrrou S tuu 
€uf>vXaKTOP ^p, TO fiera^v rov re fuucpov km tov 
faXffptKou, Ta &€ fuucpa rel^^ rrpo^ top Ileipcua 
reaaapoKOpra o'ToStW, S>p to e^mdep erfjpeiro* km 
rov HetpcuA^ ^vp Movpvxl<f e^r^vra (xkp OToBimp 

10 o &ira^ veplfioXo^, to B* ep i^vXax^ ffp fjpMv tov* 



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FIRST INVASION Of ATTICA. 247 

Tov. ^Imrea^ fi' anri^MUfe Suucoa-iov^ tecu ytXioxf^ {vy 

Tpii/\p€i^ ra^ wXotfiov^ rpuucoa-ia^ Taxna yap uvrfp" 
j(€v *A$ffV€uoPi, Mu ovK eXaccd^ itcaara rovrenf, ore 
fj iaPoKai to nrp&rop efieWe neXoirowijcl^p iireadcu § 
mm £9 TOV vok^ikov tca/ffiarapro. "SlXjeye Be tuu aXXa, 
o2a wep eftfli^fiy UepucXaj^ et amvSei^ts^ rod wepUae- 
4r0ai Tf iroke^Mp* 



Vn. FIRST INVASION OF ATTICA. 
(Lib. IL cc. 18-23.) 

*0 h\ vTpanro^ r&v UtSxyiromtqaimv 'irpoH^p acfyUero 
rif9 *ArTucf)^ e? Oiv^v vp&rop, XP^ep lfieXKjo(p iirfiar lo 
\eip» Km i»9 €Ka0€^ovTOt vpoafioKa^ irapecKeva^avro 
T^ T€lj(€t voi/ffadfAepoi p/rpasanw re mu aXKtp rptmip* 
f) yap Oivlni <A<ra iv fiedopioif rffi ^Arrucfg^ xat 
Botarria^ ererel'xyrro, tcai avr^ ^povpup oi *A0rfvaio^ 
iyp&VTo, iwire iroKefAo^ tcaraXafioi. Taft re ovi^ is 
wp9<rfi6Kcu^ ffdrperrliovTO^ k<u oXXod^ ivBterpi^aiv j(po' 
vw irepi ainr\v. Alrlav re xwk €Xaj(umip *Ap)(^lSafio^ 
iXafiesf afjr airoi, Bok&p tuu ev r^ (vptiyvfy^ tov 
mvXMfAov fiMKatco^ etycu mu toU *A0fiP€uoi^ hriTi^Beio^, 
ov nrapaxviiip vpoOvfun)^ voXefimf * eiretSrj re ^weXd- 99 
yero o crparo^, rj re iv r^ *I<T0fA^ eirifiovri yevofieyi) 
ml MLra rfiv aXKfiP tropelav 17 <r%oXa4an;9 hUfioKev 
mvrdvt paXiara Be ^ €v r^ Olpojf €Tn^r)(eai^. Ol 
*fap ^AOfivmioi ea&cofiil^ovTo €p r^ XP^^ roxn^ tuu 



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248 THUKTDIDES. 

iZotcow ol HeKcnrowTiaun eireXBovre^ &p Sia raxovq 
iravra eri e^w KaroKafielv, el fiif Bia rfjv exelvov 
fieKKfjctv. *Ep ToutuTff fjiev opy^ 6 OTparo^ tov *Ap)(^i' 
Bafiov iv ry xaOeBpa et'xev* *0 t\ irpoaSexpfjkepo^, ©9 
sXeyercu, TOt/9 AOfjvaiov^ t^ yf}^ en cueepcuov ov<rrf<: 
evSiiceuf n koL Karotania-eip vepuSelv aurrip Tfi/ijffeurav, 
avei^ep. ^Eireiirj ueinot vpoa-fiaXovre^ r^ Olvot/ /ecu 
iraaav Ibeav ireipaa-avre^ cvk eSwavro eKeuf, a re 
^A0f)vaioi ovBip erretcrjfWKevovro, ovrto Brj opfirjcavre^ 

10 drtr avT^, fiera ra Iv ITKaTcua r&v eaeXffoprtov 
Bri^aUov yepofJLCpa ij/^ep^ oySorfKoar^ fiakurra, rov 
dipov^ KM TOV airov axfia^ovTo^, iaefiaXov €9 rrp^ 
*ATTi/eriv' rjyelro he ^ Afy)(liayuo^ 6 Zev^iZafwv, Acuce^ 
ScufjLovltDv /ScLctXev^. Km xaOe^ofievoi ercfivov irpSyrov 

i6/i€i/ ^EXjevalva kcu to QpiMiov tretlovp koX rpoTnlv 
ram r&v *A0ffval(»v linrecDV irepi rov^ ^Pelrov^ xa- 
\ov/M€vou^ erroiriaavTo * eiretra irpovyipowt Iv Be^tf 
e}(pPT€^ TO AlyaXeoiv opo<:. But Kpotyrreui^;, &>9 a^A 
KOVTO €9 Aj(apva^t X^opiov fieyurrov rrf^ Amicfj^ 

toT&v BrjpMV KoKovfjLevtop. Kai KoOe^ofiepot €9 avTO 
oTparoTreBov re eTroirjO'cafTO, ypovov re iro\w efifiei^ 
vavre^ Srefivop, Tvifi/rf Be rotqiBe Xeyerai rov ^Apj^iBof- 
fwv irepi re ra^ ^A')(apva^ ©9 €9 y^y^t^ ra^ofjLepop puel- 
P€U, Kcu €9 TO ireBiov enelvT) ry eafio'X^ ov Karafifivcu. 

35 rou9 ycLp ^AOffvalov^ riKirtfyv, axpA^ovTiK re veortfTi 
TToXX^ Kcu irapeaKevcLap^vov^ €9 irokeyuov (09 oxmfo 
irporepov, *o-«9 civ eire^eKJBelv kcu rriv yfjv ovk av 
ireptiielv rfi/rfdfjvau ^EfreiBff ovv axn^ €9 ^EXsvalva 
Kcu TO QpuuTiov treBlov ovk airr\vT7jaaVt iretfMV eiroUiro 

mrrepl ra^ ^Axofvcv; Koffritievo^, el hre^uuriv* a/ia fiev 



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FIRST INVASION OF ATTICA. 249 

ffap avr^ 6 x^P^ hrLTrjlbeu^ l^xuvero evtrrparoTre^ 
BeviTcu, afia Se tcai ol A')(apvffi fieya fi€po^ ovre^ Tfj9 
woKeof^ (rpurxpsMi yap ottXItcu ejtvovro^ ov irepi^ 
'^aOcu iioKow ra a^erepa Buuf>0apevra, oXX' opfirjo-eiv 
Kcu Tox;^ travra^ €9 f^X^v, El re Kot fiif eire^eK- e 
Ooi^v e/ceivff tJ ia-^oK^ ol ^Affrjvaioi, aSeeoTepov rjSrf 
€9 TO v<rr€pov to ireBlov refieiv icai irpo^ avTrjv ttjv 
vokip x^pri<T€<rda4, * tow yap ^ A')(P'PV^a^t eareptjfievov^ 
T&v a<l>€Tep<ov, ovx ofwlw^ vpoOufiov^ ea-eadoi xnrkp 
rfji^ T&v aXKiov KivSweveiv, OToatv Se evitreaOai, r^ lo 
yvrnp/rf. Toiavvp flip Buufoltf 6 ^Ap^^H^ ^^/>^ '''^ 
^A^apva^ Ijv. 

*A0rfva2oi Be, fie^pi fikif ov irepi ^EXjevalva lau 
to OpuuTiov ireBiov 6 arparo^ !jp, koI nva eKirlBa 
et^pp €9 TO eyyirrepa ovtow fJtfj wpoievai, fiefiinffAepoi is 
xai IIXeuTToapaicTa top HavaaploVt AaiceBaA^fjbopuop 
fiaaiXea, ore ea^aKo^p Ttj^ Arnxfj^ €9 EXeva-lpa /ecu 
Spita^e OTpar^ nekoiroppfjauop, irpo rovBe tov iroXe* 
fiov reaaapci /ecu Be/ea Srea-iv, ave)(<i>pviae irtiKip e9 
TO TrXeZbv ov/cen irpoeXOdp (Bio Brj /ecu i} if>vyfi9o 
avrm eyepero e/e Siraprrf^f Bo^apri p^pT^/AOo*^ ireurOffPcu 
rifp ava'x^p^o'iv) * eTreiBff Be irepi AxP'ppas etBop top 
arparop e^/copra trraZiox/^ t^ iroKew^ airexpprc^ 
ovKCTi apcur)(eTOP eiroiovpTo, aXX* ai;T0A9, o)9 elxo^, 
yrj^ refipofiepTf^ €p tA ep^apel, S owrw ewpaKeacw x 
o? ye P€fOT€poi, ovB* ol irpea^urepov irkr^p tcl Mrj^ 
Buca, Betpop €(l>aiP€TO, /ecu eBoKei T0t9 t€ aXXot9 /ecu 
ILcCKurra rrj peortfTi eire^cepcu kcu /irj irepLOpap, Kara 
^a-Tcurei^ re yiypofiepoi ep iroXKy epiSi ^aap, ol fi€P 
teeXevopre^ e^iepcu, ol Be Tti/€9 ovk e&pres, Xp^ajjuo' » 



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250 TflUKTDIDEfl. 

Xoyot r€ yBop XP^f^^ iratnreiotSi Snf oKpoaaOai i^ 
icaoTO^ &pyt)To. Oi re *A^ppif9 owfJi£VOi wcLpa <ri^ 
<rw avTOi^ owe eKaxi^Tfjp fioipav etpm^ *A0fpfaimf, m^ 
avT&v f) y^ er^tAMTO, ev^yop rifv S^oSov fuikiora^ 
6 Tlcum re rpowfp airQp^Ourro ^ 7r^\i^, 4cal rev Hep^ 
K\ea iv opy^ etyaop, Moi &v wap^ae irporepop if^e- 
lunivro ovBePp oXX' mc€uu^ov in OTpartyj^ &p avM 
eire^ayot, cunop re a^tatp epofu^op vcarrmv wv ena^ 
tryw. TlepidsSfi ^e ofmv ftey ainov^ v/w to vapw 

K j(a\i7rcUpopTa^ kcu ov ra ap^ara if>popowTa/ij vurreuon^ 
Si opOm ytrpfmcrK€i4f vepi rov fL^ hre^iepm, liackqciap 
re ovK hroUi avr&p ovSe ^XKoyop ovSepa, rov itai 
ipyi Ti fMXXop ^ yP9^ ^vp€XJ9dpr4K e^futpreipp rtfp 
re iroKuf e^'kcunre teal &* ritrvjflof: fMikMTd, oavp 

16 eBvparo, €tj(€P» ^Iwweas fianot i^ejrepnr€v del, rov 
p^ irpoipopav^ offfo rifi arpivrm^ ecirlirropra^ €9 row 
ajpov^ rov^ eyyv^ r^ mKem^ Kcucovpyecp' luu Mnro- 
pMyla ri9 ipeyepero fipa')(eia ep ^pvyion^ rmp re 
*A07)vaw)P re\et wl r&p Unretap, /uu QeaaaKjm pjerr 

aoavra>v rrphi^ rov^ Boimrmp Unreal, €P ff ovk eKaaaav 
e<rxpp oi *ABffP(U4H jcal Oeca-gXol, p^e^pi ov vpocfioff^ 
0ff<ravr»p roh BoierroS^ r&p ottXatAp rpoir^ eyepero 
avT&p, Kol direOopop rwp Beaa-oK&p Koi ^AOrfPolap ov 
9roXXo/v dpeikoPTO p,iprov av7ov9 avOrjp^pov d(r7ravBov^. 

t5 Kai oi HeKoiropprftrioi rpowaHov rfi varepalf ecTrfa-ap. 
*H Se /3orj0eia avrrf r&p Qeaa-cCK&p Kara ro iroKaiov 
^vp,p>a')(i,K6p eyepero roU ^AOfipaloi^, km oa^Ikopto irof 
aurovs Aapuraa2oi, iap<raXiot, HofaaMi, Kpa^dpio^ 
Heipaa-UK, FvprdvMi, ^pcuoi. *Hyovpro he ovtwp 

9)eK /Lfc€v Aapiaa-fjc noXvp^rjSrf^: xal ^Apurrdvovs, diro 



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PUBLIC PUHBEAL AT ATHENS. 251 

rf79 oTocrew? itcarepo^ he Sk ^pcaXov MiiHOV* ^av 
a Mtu r£r iXKoMf teara Trokei^ apx^yre^. 

«i ^Adufvaioi, €9 y^yfiVt apoan^ he rSof ^A'XfipvSnf 
t^gow rw Srjfjuop rnfo^ SXKov^ r&v psra^if Hoping f 
^09 K<u BpCKrfoc^v ipo^. "Ovnov ^ aur&v ev rp 
yi oi *Adiif¥a!m iveoreiXaif ra^ itearov vaih "irepi 
neKow^nfffcop, SfOirep Trupetr/eevai^evTo, /eai %cX/t>t;9 
iwKlra^ eir avrw teal ro^ro? t^rpaicoaiov^ * larpa- 
Trjy€& Se Ka^wi TV o HeyorZ/iov tcdi Upmria^ o lo 
EwueKfovs Koi S^jepan^ i ^Airnyofotr;. Kai ol pkip 
ipatrre^ ry vapcurKev^ ramy vep^evKeop, oi Si Ileko 
wovtniaioi, ypovov if/^pieUfavr^ hf Tff *Amtc^ Scov 
^X^ '^^ fVin^ScMiy dvexjipifi^'av &a Boion&y, ovx 
^fnp iaefieiKov * vaptovre^ tie ^ilp^mrov rifv yrfv TTfif in 
IJeipaXHrpf KaXovpfevrfp, ^ vefiovrai ^tlpinriou ^Adrj^ 
poitop uTTri/eoot, eSiwcop, * A^itcopyevok he 69 ITcXo- 
womniaop SiekiOffaap Kara voKet^ iccurrou 



yjTL PUBLIC FUNERAL OF THOSE WHO 
FELL IN THE FIRST SUMMER. (Lib. IL 
oc. 34-47. B. C. 431.) 

^Ep 8e T^ nirr^ ;^et/M^^ oi ^AOrjvcuot, r^ varpUp 
vofjup j^p^fJLCPOi, hrjfuxrif ra^a9 hroiria'avTO r&p hf 9$ 
TfSe r^ voXefMp irp&rrov airoOavovTCiP, rpoirfp roi^Be. 
Ta fA€v ocTa irpoTkOevTOA, r&v airoyevofiepcsv irpoTpira 
TKtiviiv iroi,riaavT€<;, icai en't<f>€p€i r^ aurov iKturrof;, 



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by Google 



252 THUKTDroES. 

fjy Tt fiovKffTcu* *EireiSav & 17 hc^pa ff, Xdptfcuati 
tcinrapur<riv(K a/yovaiv SifAo^at, ^t/X^ €/cd<mi^ fuav* 
ipe<m, Se ra wrra, ^ ticcurro^ f/p ^X^. Mia Si tckhnf 
teejnj ^epercu, earpw/ievrf, rSrv a^p&v, A ckp p^ evpf* 

6 OSxriv 69 avalpeaiv. 'Svv€K<l>€pei Be 6 fiovXofievo^ /ui 
dar&v ictu ^C9V, Ktu yuvcLuee^ irapeiaip cu irpwrriicov^ai 
hri Tov rd<l>ov, oXtxpvpdfJLCPcu. Tidecurw ovv h to SffftJ^ 
ciov <r!jfui, S ioTiP iirX roO teaXkioTOv irpocurrelov 
rtfi woXecD^, k<u del ep aur^ ddrrrovcn toi;9 ex rw 

WwoXcfjuov, irki^ ye tov9 ev MctpaBmi,* hcelvow di 
huvrrpejrr\ rfip dpeniv Kplvavre^ atrrov teai top raffntp 
€Trolff<rap» ^EiretSap Se Kptt^a-^ y$, dv^p ^ptffum^ 
VTTO rrj^ 7rd\€(o^y t^ &p J^^M^ '''^ ^^ M^ d^vpera^ 
etpcu K€U d^uofjLari 'jrparj/cf/, Xeyet iir airoh hraof&P 

16 TOV Trpeiropra* fiera he rovro drrepxpprai. ^HB^ 
fiep OaTTTovatp • kcu Bta vapro^ rou iroXefiov, inirt 
^/i/Scuf) gvToi^, e^QKnrro r^ POfMp. ^Eir\ S' ovp to?? 
vpdnoif; roiaBe IlepiKXfj^ 6 BavOlinrou ffpedt) \eyesp. 
Kcu hreiBfi tccupop ekdfifiape, irpoeXOo^p diro tov cr^ 

n fuiTo<s eirl ^fjfi>a v^Xov werrotrffiepop, onto^ dKovoiTO 
o)^ eirl irKeuTTOP tov ofiikov, eXeye TouiBe. 

"Oi fiep TToXXoi tS>p hfOdBe elprjKOTWP 7S97 er<u* 
povai TOP irpoaOepTa t^ pofjjp top Tidyop TOpBe, w 
koXjop eirl to2^ €k t&p iroXepMP Oairrofupoi^ djopeve' 

it) crdot airrop. Efioi B apKOVP clp eBoKet etpcu dpBpSs/v 
aya£S)P €py<p yepofiepcup epytp kcu BrfKovaOai, tu? Ti/uf9» 
oia KCU PUP irepi top Ta<f>op TOpBe Btf/ioo'ia irapa* 
CKCvnaOePTa opare, kcu p/q €P ipi dpBpl iroWSu 
dpera^: KipBvpevea-dai ev t6 kcu x^^/oov eliropTi irtoreu- 

I) 0f]vcu. XaXerrop yap to aeTplo)^ ehreip, ep ^ poXpf 



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by Google 



FU17ERAL ORATION 258 

itai 17 Bi/dfci^ T^ oKqOeia^ fieficuovrcu. O re yaf 

w/m ^ ffovKerai t€ km iirUrrarat vofiureie StfXov' 
9${U, S T€ aireipo^ eoTtv & kcu irXeovd^eaOcUf Sia 
^ovop, ei Ti xnrkp rrfv eavrov ^vaiv clkovou M€)(pt b 
yap TOvBe avttcrok ol eiraivoi wi irepl erepwv Xeyo^ 
f»€vo$t €9 Haop &p Kcu auTO^ eKOOTO^ olrp-cu hcavo^ elvcu 
Spaaal ri &v ffKOwrev * r^ fie {nrepfiaXKovn aur&v ^o» 
¥Ovpr€^ ^Si; tuu anr^irrovafv. ^Eireii^ 8e rol^ ttoKcu 
ovTo>9 tSoMfJuurOfj ravra Ka\&9 exiBtP, XP^ '^ ^f^ ^ 
€7rofi€POP r^ po/Mp TreipaaOfu vfjL&p rffi hcatrrov fiov' 
X^^em re km B6^^ rvxetP ®9 eni TrkMrop. "Ap^ 
§km Sk anro rStp irpoyopiop irpSnov* hucaiop yap avroU 
Moi irpfirop h\ Sfia ip rf» roi^e rifp ripJifp toutijp 
rfJ9 pvripuri^ BiSoadau Tfip yap x^pav aei ol airrol if 
iHKWPTe^ BiaSa)(^ t&p hnyiyvofiepoDP fiexp^^ rovBe iXev 
$4pap Bi dperijp 'irapeBoaap. Kai exelpol re a^ioi 
maipwf, $eai Irt fioKKov ol iraTepe^ rui&v Krvjadr 
fievoi yap vpos oU iBe^avro, Harfp expiup dpxvPf 
ovK dnropfo^, ^fup rol^ pvp irpocKariKiirov* Ta Seao 
wKeuo ainfji^ ainoX ^fieh otBe, ol pvp en Spt€^ fiar 
Xurra €P t^ KoOeartfKvla ffkuaa^ emjv^r^afJLCVf km 
rifp iroTup rov; iraat '/rapec-Kevdcafiep km €9 iroXefiop 
KM €9 uprflfTiP avrapKeoTarffv, Up €ya> ra f^ep Kara 
froX€/iov9 €pya, oh SKOfrra eKr/jOrf^ tj el Ti airoi ^ss 
ol Trarepe^ ff/i&p fiapfiapop ^ "EWrjpa nroXcfiop lirir 
ovra irpoOvfua^ '^fiwafieda, fiaKptfyopeip ep eiBocip ov 
fiovKofiepo^ edaw diro Be 0X09 re hrvrqBevaem^ rJKdo' 
fA€P etr ovra km fieO* ota9 iroXcreia^ km rpoirtop 
i^ owp fieydka eyepero, ravra BrfKioa-a^ irpSyrop elfii ao 



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254 THUKTDIDEa 

tau €7n TOP TwvBe evatvovt pofUl^dOP eiri r€ r^ ifti* 
povTi ovK hv airp€7ni Xe^O^M avra, iccu top ircun-a 
SfuKop tcai acTOfp $c(u ^evmp ^ypL^>Qpw Spcu airm 
iiroKOwreu. X(Wf»>e6a yap TroXireif cv ^ffkouff^ rovi 
6 T&p irdKa^ voiwv^, TrttpaS^tjfia Si ^jmKKop aurot ovr^ 
run ^ fUftovfkepoi iripov^* JKaH ipojia ^&f, Bta to 
fMJ €9 oXlyoxf^ oAX' €9 TrXetoyo? oucetp^ hfjfkOKpafria 
K€/e\ffTM* /ierecTTi Si Kara juv T01/9 POfiov^ vpo^ ri 
iBia Sui^opa TrSur^ to taop, sun-a Sk n^ a(uoa^¥, m^ 

lt&a<jT09 & T^ eiSoKi^l, ovk anro fHpov^ ro ^XeSoif 
C9 ra KOipa ^ Jm aper^ ^r/soTi/Aarai, 01^* av Ktna 
ireplav, e^mp Be n ar/affop Spactu rijp voXip, J^iti^ 
fiaro^ oifxufelf icexofXimu. ^JEXevOepw^ Se ra re vpo^ 
TO Kowov TToTurevofiep tuu €9 t^p irpo^ aXXi^^ou? t£v 

n icaJB* ripjpap eirirriSevfiaTiOP wroy^^ap, ov hi opyry; riw 
TreKa^, h k€l6* rjSoprip ri Bpf, iypvr^, ov&. a^rifUov^ 
flip Xvirrfpaq Be t^ aip^i ayOfjIBopo^ vpo<m0ep£vou 
*Ap€7raxO^ Bi ra iBm irpoaofu^vpre^, Ta BtifuxrUt 
Bia Beo<; pAXurra ov irapavop>ovpLep, t&p tc aei ep 

20 ap^ OPTC^ uKpocurei xcu tS>p pop^cop, tccu pJiKurra 
avT&p icoi T€ eir a>^e\uf r&P aZueovp^pvp /ceZmu 
K(u ia-oi uypa^>oi opre^ aurxyptfp 6pc\oyovpipr)p ^-^ 
pouaip* Kcu p,7ip KOI, T&p iropcip ifKjel<rTa^ opwiravKa^ 
Ty jPol>p/p hropiadp^Oa, dy&a pip ye mu Ovcuu^ 

» Stenyo-eoK pop^^opret^, iBuu^ Be /caToo-tcevcu^ einrperrecWf 
&p Koff i\p^pap 17 Tepn^vi to Xmrfipop eiCffKr^aeu 
Etreurep^eTiu Be Bta pbeyeBo^ ttj^ iro\e<ia<; eic Traarf^ 
yfj^ Ta irapTO, kcu ^vp^/Salpei rjpUp p/tfiep olxeiOTep^ 
tJ avoXavaet tcl ovtov ayaJBa yvfpopepa KapnroxxrQoA 

V ^ KcU Ta T&p aXXcoi/ opOpoyrrayp. jdca<f^pop>€P Be teeU 



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FUNEBAL OBATIOK. 265 

rak T&v woXefwemv fiekerM^ r&v ivavrioov roladtt 
Ti^ re yap iroktp Koivrpf irape)(pfJ^€v, tccu ov/c icTip 
Sre {ei^Xotf-MU? arrreipyofiiv rtva ^ fJUiBr^uvro^ ^ deo- 
futra^t Z liffi Kpv^ev av rt? r&v nroKefucDV lBa>v 
w^XffOeliff Turrevovre^ ov rah 7rap€urKevav^ ro irXeop i 
$C€U cnroTM^ Q r^ a<f> fjfimv avrcop e9 ra epya 6i)yt;p^^* 
sou €V rak va4£€lai^ ol f&cv eirurrovtp da/d^ae^ €v0if^ 
viok Spre^ ro avSpeiop furepj^pvrai, rifiel^ Z\ avetpJvw^ 
Suurwfievoi ovSev ^a-ev eirl rov^ laoirdKeU /eivSupov^ 
ympovfJLOf. Texfirip^ov Se * ovre yap AcueeSaifievMi icaB^ io 
i/c4S4rrov^t pier a iravrcov 8* C9 t^ y^ r^pAv arparev' 
ovaw, rtflf re rwp ireKa^ airol eireXJOovret ov j(a'Keirio^ 
iv r^ aXXorpla Tot/9 irepi r&v olteemv upA/vofiipov^ fi€^ 
ypiACPOi ra irKeUo tcparovp£iK *A0poa re r^ Bvpdp^e^ 
^pMP oiBek irtt> 7roX€/uo9 evervye Sta r^i/ rov vaurucov u 
re aiia imfi,i\jeuw zeal rip/ ev ry y^ hn TroXXa fifi&v 
air&v eirlirefi'^iv ^v Se irov fiopUp rivX irpocfil^oocit 
Kpa^rrfaame^ re riva^ fipMHf irdvras av^fovaiv dm-eAada^, 
Kol pttcrjdeirre^ v^ ofrrdprcop '^CfrrjaOa^. Kalroi el ptf 
dvfuff fiaXKop ^ irdpctp fxelUrg, Koi fjtij fiera pofjuap roao 
7r7k£lop ^ rpdrr<op dpSpla^ edekofiep Kwivpevew, trepi/^ 
yiyperoi ^fup roh re fieXXova-iv a\//eiPoU ^ rrpOKd* 
p^peiP, K€U e? avra eKjBowTt /irj droXfAoripov^ r&p dii 
IMryBovprtap ^aipeaOoA^ koi hf re rovroi^ rrfP rrdXxp 
a^lav etpoL Oavfid^ea-Oai tcdX en ep aXKoi^, ^ikoKa^%s 
\ovfji£P yap fier eirreXeuv; koi ^tKo<roif>ovfb€P avev fia^ 
Xaxla^t irkoirfp re epyov fiaXKop xcup^ tj \dyov KOfiirtp 
j^pwfieOa, Koi ro ireveaOai ovy^ ofjLoXoyelv rtpi al<r)(p6vt 
cXKa p^i Buuf)€vy€iv epytp oLtryjiOP, "Epi re T0Z9 avToI? 
oiceldP ofia km TroXiriK&p eirifJLeketa, koI erepoi^ 7r/309 3o 



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256 THUKYDIDEa 

Ipya rerpofifLeifoi^ ra iroKiruca /^^ hfhem yv&v€U * fulvo^ 
yap TOP re p/rjSev r&pSe fierexpvra ovk drtrpayfAOPa oXX' 
dj(p€U>v vofil^ofiev, K(u aurol ijTOi KplvoyJv ye fj evffv^ 
fjLOVfieda opO&f; rcL irpofffLara, oi tov9 Xoyov? roU epyoi^ 

f pkA^v ffyovfievoh aXKoL /i^ nrpchiZayOfpHU fmXXov \oy<p 
irporepov fj ejrl &. Sel Ipy^ eKOeiv. Aia^povna^; yap 
Hi Ktu ToSe exopsp, &<rre roXp^ re ol ainoi /uiKurra 
KM irepi &v err^x'^iprjaofAev hcKoyL^ecda** % rot^ clKKjoi^ 
d/iaffia piev Opdco^, Xoytc/io? Be S/cvov ^epeu Kpd' 

WTurrot S* &v t^ ^^vj(i(v BuccutD^ xpiOelev ol ra re 
Betva Ktu ^Sea ca^eorara yupmcKovre^, koI Bia ravra 
piq airorperrop^evoi he rS>v kipSwcdp. Kai ra e? oper^y 
ilvavri^peOa rot^ iroXKov;* ov yap irda'j(pvre^ e5 aXXa 
Sp&vre^ KTo>p>e0a rov9 ^t\ov9. Befiaiorepo^ Se 6 Spar 

I6<ra9 r^v xdpiv^ &are o^iXop^anjv Si evvola^ ^ SeBwKe 
amfytv* o 5' dvroif>etXMV dp^fiXurepo^, elBoD^ ovk 69 
ydpf'V €lSX €9 o^iXr^p^a Tqv aperrjv airootoatov. Kju 
p4voi ov rov ^pL^epovro^ pJaXKov \oyurp>^ ^ rij^ eXeu- 
depla^ r^ in<rr^ dZe&f; riva ay^eXovp^p. UweXwv're 

aoXeyo) njv re traaav troKiv rfjj^ *JSX\aSo9 iraJZevaiv 
etiHU, Ktu Ktt0* iKoarov SoKetv av p>oi, rov ainov avhpa 
irap* flpMJv hri irKeurr &v eiStf Ktu pera p^o/s/ron^ 
p^aKuTr cLv evrpaireXao^ ro a&p^i avrapxe^ vapexea6at» 
Em (09 ov \iy(ov ev r^ irapovn Kop/iro^ rdSe paXKov 

^h €pywp eoTiv dXi^eui, avrrf 17 Zvvapv; t^9 7roX€a)9, 
riv difo r&vBe rS>v rpoirmv eKTrjadp^eOa, ai]p>tuveu Movrf 
yap rSnf vvv djcorfi KpeicaoDV 69 frecpa;^ €pj(€rtu, Ktu 
pLOvq ovre r^ iroXep^np eireXSovri, afyapaxrrf<Tiv ej^6* inf} 
OM)i/ KcucoTTCtOet, ovre r^ wnjKotp Karap^p'^tv a>^ ovj^ 

4^ irn a^ltov apxertu, Mera ueyoKxov he arfpeuiv Ktu 



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FUNERAL OEATION. 257 

4>v 5?7 TOi dfidfyrvpop ye r^y Suvafuv irapcurypiiepo^ 
roi^ re vvv iccu, to?9 eiretra OavfutaOri<roiieOc^ kcl^ ovSep 
TTpoaSeofievot ovre ^Ofirjpov en-awerov, ovre oan^ eireat 
p,€v TO avritea repy^i, r&v S* epywv r^v uirdvouuf f} 
aKrjfieia pKan^i^ oKKa Traaop fup OaKaccav Koi yfjv 5 
eafiarov r^ ^fierepcf ro\fi/p Karavaytcactwre^ yeiwdcu, 
iravraypv Si fivrffAcla icokSw re KoyaO&v atBia ^yyKOr 
rouc^aavre^. Hepi rouun^ otv Trokew^ otBe re yep^ 
V€Uo^, BitccuovvTe^ /irj a<f>iupe0rjv(u avrriv, ^'XpfjLCPOi ere- 
Xetnffcau, kcu t&p Xeifrrofieiwv iravra nva el/co^ €04' i^ 
Xeiv virep aurij^ xafivew. Aio 8^ Koi efjkrjKVPa ra 
irepi TTj^ 7roX6<o9> SiBcuricaTuav re 'rroiovfieva^ /a^ vepl 
i<rou fifiiv elvcu top ay&pa /cai of? r&pSe fiifiep virap^ 
j(eu ofioiox;, kcu rrpf evkoylap ifjM, e^* oh pvp \eya>, 
<f>ap€pap oifjfAeloiq Kodurrd^* Kai elprirai, airrf^ ra 19 
fieyurra* & yap rijip itoXap vfiprjara, ai r&p8e km r&p 
roi&vSe apercu eKotrfi/ijaop, teal ovk &p iroXKoU r&v 
^EKKrpfOiP laoppoTTO^, Sanrep r&vBe, 6 Xoyo^ r&p €py<op 
^apevq* AoKel he p>ov hrjKovp apSpo^ aperrfp, irpdrfj 
re fi/qvvovaa km reXevrala fie/Scuovaa, fi pip r&pSen 
KaraoTpoffni. Kai yap roi^ rSXKa j(elpo<Ti, hUaiop rrfp 
€9 T0U9 iroXifiox/^ tnrep rrj^ irarpiSo^ apSpayaOiap irpO' 
riOecOfu* AyaOa yap kojcop a^piaapre^ Kow&f; pJahXop 
€lnf>eKf)a'ap fj Ik r&p iBltop epKa'^p, T&phe he ovre 
rfKxnnov tw rrfp Sri airoXavctp wportp/rjaa^ IfuiKor^. 
KurOfj, ovre irepia^ ekiriSi, (09 k&p eri huuf>vyw avrrjp 
TrXovrr^eiep, avafioXrjp rov heipov ewoirjaaro • ttjp he 
r&p €PaprUop rtfjuaptap irodeivorepap avr&p Xafiopre^, 
Kcu Kiphvptop &fia rophe koXXujtop pofilaavre^, e^ov 
yafir^a^p fier avrov rov^ fiep rifuapelaOiU r&p him 
23* 



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by Google 



!K8 THUKTDnas. 

i^JtaOmi, ikiriBi fiiev 7^ i^kMt^ rov fem^p$i<TU0 
iwirpe^ltavTe^, Spy^ Se m/M rov tjitf ofmfupov ^^laiaf 

trSai Kitu vaOeiP fiaXXov ^yrfp-ofAepoi fj ro ivSotrr^ 
^ati^w^ai, TO fiep aSaypinf rov Xiyov ipvyow, to S' 
^oyoy T^ awfJMTi vwifuwcuft ted hi iXc^ltrrov taup^l 
rixff^ ifM atcfii^ T^ ho^ /MiXXoy ^ rov S4ov^ amtj/Xr 
Xoffrja-a^. Km a^ fiiv rrpocffKoinm^ r^ rtoKn ro9i' 
oiie iywoPTo* rov9 Be Xowov^ XP^ a^^oKeffr^om pip 

wo'XmfUovt SuofQuut exetv, aworrovKra^ ^ ^^T1^ M<^* 
T179 m^>^Ua»t ij/if OP r^ Vfo^ ovShf xeipov airo¥9 
ifm uBor^K fUfKumUp Xijmp Sea ep r^ rov^ vo\e- 
fiiov^ Ofivpea-Otu aja$a epeartv, aXXa fioKKov r^ V17? 

t6 7roXjea99 BvpofMw icaff fifUpop epy^ Oec^fieyov^ km ipa^ 
irra^ yiyvofUvots avrrj^ km irap vfuv ftayahq B6^ 
etpM, hfdvfJMVfUifov^ Sn roXfi^mre^ km ffvyviaKowre^ 
ra Zeotnu km ip rw epyoi^ €uaxyv6fJL€voi oifSpe^ 
avra eKTrfTMrro, km oirore km weipf rov o'il>aKeif)ir€tp, 

novKow KM ryv iroKof ye r^ a^>eTepa^ apertfi ofli- 
cuirm trrepia-Keim^ ncaXXioroy Se SpMfOP airi irpoi^ 
puevou Kow^ yap ra <rwfiar€t B$hopre^ IBI^ rop ep/if- 
pe»p Sirtupop eKofifiapop km top ra^>op eiruriffiulraTOP, 
cvK €P f> KtipTM fioKkop, cftXX* ip ^ ^ So^m ainw 

fBrrapa r^ hnvyppri aei km \6jov km epyov KMp^ 
aeifipffiiro^ KaraXelirerM. *Aphp&p yap hri/^Mf&v irtura 
yfj r€uf>o^, KM ov crffK&p /jlopop ep r^ oUeta (nf- 
fuupei emypa^, aXXa km €p ry fiff irpo<niKOv<rrf 
S^pa^o^ fiprjp/ij rtap hcaxrrtp rffi ypip^ fiaXKop fj 

90 rov Ipyov epBuurareu. Ov^ pvv ifueli ^fpiwccufre^, km 



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VUSBBLAL OBATION. 269 

r^ ^SSatftMf ro ikevdepop, ro Sc ikevOepop to ev^rv 
yw Kpamtm^, pLvj vepiopcurde rov? TreXefuteov^ iUpBv' 
MV& Ov yap ol tcaxoirpajovpTe^ Bueaiortpop a/^>ek' 
^Soiep &^ Tov fiiov, oh iKwh oix ear offoBov, akx! 
ok iy 'ipoPTia pterafio'Xjq ep r^ Qfp en mpBvP€V€rtu 6 
mu er oU fiuiXurra fAeyaXa ra iuufmpopra, ffp n 
WToiaw^rtp. * AlsffeaHrripa yap mpSpi y€ ^pipf^uk Sxppn 
^ wp r^ fiera rov paKauaaBrpHU Katcmvi/i, 4 ^ ^^^^ 
pip/q9 Km leoiptf: SkviBo^ ipa yiypop^epot dpaicdi^ 
Tof OJamro^ Aioirep tomi rovt twS« pCp rocctKy io 
iam wapeare, oitc oKo^vpofuu pSXKop fj vapapvOi^ 
^%pLm* *Ep mKirrpoTTOit yap ^vp4l>opai9 ewiarmpra* 
rpof^epT^* TO S* eirvxe^f ^ ^ t^ evvpen^ardufy: 
7ia)(€^<nv, &<rjr€p otSe pip pvp tcXcvt^, vpxt/i Se 
Xcnn^, Ktu oU €Peviaip4fpfja'al tc.o fiio^ 6pol»^ letii < 
ipTtKevrfj^a* ^yp^p^erprjOff^ XoXeiroi/ p!kp oup olSa 
WH0€iP OP, &p fcai woKkoKi^ t^e viropmipaTa ep 
aSXup tlmrxlai^t aS? itotc wcu cwroi ^yaSXeoBM* 
MM Xumi ov^ &p OP Tta fATf veipaadf^epo^ ayaO&p 
0T€pUieffra^ a>OC oS Ar iOof; ytpopepo^ a^pefi^.m 
KaprepeiP Be j(pfi tuu aXK(op iroiBrnp iXm-lBt, oSr m 
19XMM riicpwnp iromoBai * iZlf yap re rw ovk Uprayp 
X4^ oi etrpyvypop^pe^ n^iv eaoproi, Kiu r^ iroku 
htypOep, !k re rov p^ eptipova-dai /cai da-^Mkeuf, 
(uvolaei* oi yap otop re taop ri ^ SIk€uov fiov^fis 
XeveaOcu, A tip p^ km iraUSa^ ex rov opolov irapa- 
fiaXXopevot KivSvpewaaiP. ^Oaoi V aZ irapq^riKare, 
rov re wXelova icepSo^, tv evrv^elre, filov rjyelaOe 
KM rophe /3paj(yp eaeaOcu^ Kcii ry r&vSe evKKela 
KOv^tfycOe. 'to yap ^CKoripop dr/ripcop popov, icoi ao 



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260 THUKYDIDE8. 

cvK €if T^ a')(pel(f rffi fjKtKia^ to K€pSalp€iP, &<nr€p 
rtpe^ iJHKrh fioKKop refyire^ aXXa to rifiaa-Oai, Ilaiai 
B* av Scov T&vZe wdpeaTe, tj oSeX^!?, 6p& fUyap 
TOP a/y&pa* top yap ov/c Spra iira^ €i(o0€P eTraMfeiwt 
BKoi fioKi^ &p Kod* uirep/SoXrip apertf; ovj^ ofunoi oXX* 
oKlytp yeipov^ KpiOei/qTe, fdopo^ yap t069 tfici irfm 
TO oPThroOsjop* TO 8e /A17 efJkiroSwp coHWTfVfmpuTT^ 
eupola Ter liiflTfTcUn Ei hi /le Set leai yvpaueela^ rt 
aperffit S<tm pup €p yripeltf e<roPTai, fipijadfjiPcUf fipar 

10%€ia irapcMfice^ iirav ofjfjbopii. Tfj^ t€ yap inrap^ 
X^<^V^ ^vaeao^ firj ')(elpo(Tt yepeadai vpUp p^yaKff 17 
&>|a, iccu ^ hp eir e\i)(jb<rrop aperfj^ iripi ^ yftoyov 
€P ToU apaeci xKeo^ ^. EtpffTcu km efiol Xoyip 
tca/ra top pofiop otra elypp Trpoa^pa, kcu €py^ o! 

15 dwiTTop^poi Ta fi€P fjSfj leeKOtrp/rfPTOi, Ta Se outSup 
Tov^ irdtSoi TO awo touSc Brffuxrla 17 iroKi^ M'^XP^ 
^/3ij^ Ope^it i<f>€kifAOP ari^Hwop TolcBi Te kcH Tok 
7k£Pirofi€Poi^ T&p Toi&vSe arfiptop irpOTtBeiaa* i0ka 
yap oh KetTOi aperfy: pJyurra, TolaSe /cat opSpe^ 

wapioTOi voXiTevovcip. Nvp Se airoXo^vpa^upoi ip 
irpofTrycu ieaaro^, airiTeT 

Toioaie fiep 6 Tcuf>o^ eyepero ip t^ yeiiJL&Pi Tovry* 
Koi tiey£oPTO^ auTOv irpSnop ero^ tou mXefiov Tot!fit 
erekevTo. 



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DEFENCE OF FEBIEXES. 261 



IX DEFENCE OF PERICLES, HIS DEATH 
AND CHARACTER. (Lib. IL cc. 69-65. B. C. 
430.) 

Mera Be rrp/ Bevrepav eafioXiip r&p IleKaTrovvi]^ 
auop ol ^Adrjvcuoi, w fj re yrj aur&p ererfjurjTo to 
Smhepov km 17 1/00*09 hreKevro ofui mu 6 TroKefio^, 
f]XXouDVTO TO? yvd/JUK, k<u tov fjiv ItepiscXea ep 
(urla eVxpv m irelaavra 0-^9 iroKe/ielv Koi Be exevvop s 
TCU9 fu/A^/jat9 Trepim-enTfOKore^, irpo^ Be tov9 Aa/ce^ 
Soifioviov^ &pfAfrjVTO ^irfXfdpelp. KaX irpeapei^ tipoj^ 
irefiypuure^ m (wrov^ airpaxTOi eyevovro. IlapTWXpOev 
re T^ yvo>fJi/p wrropoi fcaOeoT&re^ epexetPTo t^S Uepi" 
/cXet. *0 Be 6pS>p axnov^ irpo^ ra irapovra 'XoKeircU- 10 
yopra^ mu iropra iromxhrra^ airep auro^ fjKinlie, fvXXo- 
yop iroiriaa^ (er^ B earpaTtiyei) i^ovTicro Bapavvai 
re §uu airarforfiiP ro opyi^ofJLepop rfj^ ypdfi/tf^ wpo^ 
ro fjirnarepop k(u oBeearepop Kanurrfja-au HofeXOw 
Be ekefy rouiBe. J5 

'* Kcu irpoaBe)(pfi,€Pfp fwi ra rrj^ opyfj^ vfA&p e? efie 
yeyepfirac (^cuaOdvofuu yap ra^ alruK^ kcu €KK\ffalap 
rovTOV tveKa ^vriyajop, Sirm^ {nrofMnjam K€U fUfi'^^o* 
fuu, el n fiff opOat^ ^ efiol X'^iKeiralpere ^ t£U9 
^v/Kf>opa2^ eiKcre. Eyo) yap '^ovfuu irokip irKelto ao 
^vprncurap opOovfACvrfP a>(f>€7<£lp rov^ iBuyra^, tj koO^ 
eKotrrop r&p iroXt/r&p emrparfova-QV, aOpoap Be a^cCSXo^ 
fiievffp. Ka\m p>ev yap <f>€pofi€Po^ aprjp ro Ka0^ iav 
rop Biotfideipofuevri^ rffi irarplBo^ ovBep ffaaop (vpof 
voXXuTCU, Ka/coTV^&p Be ep evrv^ouajf iroW^ tiaWop^ 



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pcv; ota re t^epeiv, eU Se &ca<rro^ ra^ eKeani^ a&v^ 
varo^, vA^ ov j(pr^ iramof; dfjowew avr^, teat fiif S 
pvv vfieU Spare, rai^ /car oIkov KOfayirpajlai^ einre- 
$ irXffyfievot rov kolvov rfj^ a-oyrqpla^ a/^Uade, kcu ifU 
re TOP 'rrap(UP€<ravra iroXefielv luu vpJa^ avrov^ A 
fweyiwTc 8C airia^ hc^^' Kalroi efUH roiwr^ 
cLpBpi opyl^eaOe, ^ ovBepo^ oJofuu ^trav etvai yv&vtU 
Tf ra ieovra teai ipp/rp/ewrai raSra, ^hKoiroXi^ tb 

i^Koi 'XpqfAaT^v KpeUrcwp. ^O re yap yv6v^ /ttu p/tf 
a'(ul>&9 hiBd^a^ €P ia-fp /eeu el p^ epeOvpn^ff o r 
eyw dp^fxyrepat r^ Se iroKe^ ivopov^, ov/e &p op^oim^ 
T$ ouceUa^ ^pd^o$' irpo^ripro^ &€ kcu rovSe, yprip.aitn 
he pi/ceDpepov, ra ^vpiravra rovrov ew &v TrwXoIro, 

1$ ^fl<rr el poi xai peaxa^ rjyovpepoi paXKop erepetu 
irpoaeipcu air a iroXepelp evelafftp-e, ov/e &p ehcoteg^. 
PUP Tov ye dSiteelp alriap <l>epolp/r)p. Kai yap 0I9 
pep eupeci^ yeyep^ai, r&KXa evrvypvci, rroX>Jq &poia 
7ro7<£p/!fa'(u • el 5' apaffica2op fjp ff e^^avra^ e&^u^ roh 

mweKoi VTraxovacu fj KOfhvpevaapra^ 'rrepiyepea-Ooh o 
ifwywp TOP /avivpop rov vmtrrdpro^ pepmnlrepo^, 
luu eym pep o avro^ eipc tcoi ovk e^tarapai* vpw 
he perafidWere, eireihij ^t/pe^ff vpUp ireiaOffpeu pip 
aKepaloi^ perapeKeiv he fcojcovpepoi^, kcu rop epiof 

jtsT^^op €P T^ vperep^ da-Oepei t^ ypwp/ij^ p^ op0op 
<f>alp€c0cu, hiori ro pep Xwovp e^ei ^Si; rifp cu^rBfjorw 
excurrtp, t^ he a)<l>€\uir airetrnp ert r) Si^XoNrt? chrag-i, 
KCU perajSoXlp; peydXrj^, kcu ramrj^ If oXiyov, €/«re-' 
avva^ raireiprj vp&p fj huipoui eyxaprepeip & eyveore. 

yiAovXjol yap ^popr^pa ro cu^vlZiop kcu drrpoahowrfroip 



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DEFBRCT OF FSBIKLES. 263 

tm TO vKBUTTfj^ irapeCKjoy^ ^vpbffiMfoy • & vfuv trpo^ 
ToU aXXoi^ ov^ ^lara kcu tcwra ripf votrov yejevfi" 
ra&» ^'OfMo^ Sc ir&Ktv fi>€yaKffv ahcovvTa^, teat ev ijOe-' 
9W amiiraKoi^ aur^ T€0fHifjkfidpov^, j^peiw tcoi ^/a- 

c^lwra^ fjbff cufxttfi^ecp (h tc^ yap ol &p$pf07ro§ 
Bueoiowri riff re vrrapypv^ti^ ho^ff^ airiaa'dm Han/^ 
fUbkcucla iXKehr^ii mi r^ fi^ irpo^^rfKOwrff^ ^uamv roi^ 
0paavnfr& opejifkevov^ maCKrffyravra^ Se ra 28ia rw 
koiuhA rffi awrrjplas iinCKajifiaveaOa^u Toy 8c irivov lo 
rw Kara rap ir&KefitoVj p^ yeinfral re 7ro\t;9 mi 
oiUp pmXXop wepvfepmfAedot apMeirto /mv ipSp fcai 
itctSpa ip oU aXKore iroKKoKi^ ye Stf aireBet^a oiic 
opOm avrop irtroirrevip^cVf iviKmctB he kcll roSe, S 
/AOi BoKelre ovr airol irmirore €pdvfH]$fjpat xnrdpyap if 
vpip fwyeOov^ irep^ e? nyv a/>X^« ovr' eyi ep to2? 
'rrpip "Keyoi^* ovS' &p pvp exprftrap/ijp tcop/irtoBearepap 
ixe^r^ ripf irpoairoim^uff e* /*^ tcaramvirXffyp^epov^ 
ifupi TTopa ro ehco^ eipmp* OteaOe piep yap r&p 
^fifkox'^p pcpop apxeiPf ey» Se cmoJMlpto Svo papSiPso 
rAp «? XP^^' ^<u^/>^> 7^ ^ OaXao-aij^, rod ere" 
pcv vp>a^ iravro^ /evpi&rrarov^ Spra^, e^' &rop re pw 
vefteaOe teai f^ eni ifKeop fiovXffOrp'e * Koi ovk SoTtP 
ioTis T§ virap'xpvirp irapaaKev^ rov pavrucov irKeoprof 
vpm ovre PiurCKevs KioKvaeu ovre oKKo ovBep SOpo^m 
r&p €P T^ irapoprt. ^fl<rre ov Kara rrjp r&p oIki&p 
Koi rrj^ yffi 'xpeiav, &p p^aKoDP pop^l^ere eoTepfj-^ 
adaCf avrtf rf Svpa^p^^ ^xupercu' ovB* eim^ ^a\€7r£9 
if>epetv avr&p paXKop ff ov tcrfiriop iceu eyKaKktoinapa 
vkaurov irpo^ ravrrjp popuravra^ oXiyayprjca^, ko^^ 



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264 THUKTDIDE8. 

yv&vai eKevOeplcof fUv, f^ atrr$kapfiat/6fiepoi avT^ 
Suurafa-cDfieif, paSim^ TaXha avdS/rppvfietnpf, aX\j»v S 
VTrcucoxHToat koi, ra trpoa-eicnjfieva ^iXelv eKaatrovcOcu, 
r&v re irarepfov fi^ ^eipov^ /car dp>fj>6Tepa ^)canjnfah 

6 cd fiera 'irovwv /au oi irap oXXc^i' Be^c^ievo^ Kare- 
irjfpv T€ fccu irpoiren Buurdaavre^ irapAocav fifuv aina 
{aL<rj(iov Se ej(pvT<K a^xupedrfvai ^ terc^fiOH^v^ ort/y(^ 
ecu,), Uwu Se Toh exl^poh o/Jbda-e fvfi ^povr^iart /mvov 
aXKa Kol Karcuppoprjfia/rt. Av^fjta fjiv yap teai dvo 

^dfiaOia^ €vrvj(pv^ teai Beik^ raii eyylypercu, xaror 
^povrfct^ Se, S9 c^ kcu, jP(OfJtff Tnarevj/ r&w evaif^ 
rUav irpoexecv* S rifMV virapx^L Kat r^ roKfuw 
amv Tfj^ ofioia^ '"'X^ V ^vveai^ etc rov virep^poyo^ 
ex^p^repav Trapexeroi, eXiriBt re fjaaov irurreueh, ^ 

\B €v r^ airopfp 17 wyy:, yvcofjup Si otto t&v vrapxpvrwv, 
^ ^efioMTepa 17 irpdvouu Tt}^ re TroKeta^ vpm &m^ 
r^ rtfUDficp^ OTTO rov apx€iv, ^ep Snravre^ affoKKe^ 
a-Oe, fioTfOeiv, /ecu po} ^tr/eiv rov^ irovov^, h P^fSe 
ra9 r4/^9 Buotceiv p/rjSi vofuaai wepi aio^ p^pov, 

so SovXeto^ OPT ekevOepla^, cuy<»vl^€<r0a^ d\Xa k(u dp^jri^ 
areprj^aeto^ km Ktvhvvov &v ev r^ dpy^ ainjfxBeGrOe. 
ri9 ovo €KarrjPM ert vp^v eoTiv, et ri^ kcu rooe 
ev r^ irapovri 8eSt^9 anrpa^p^avvff dvSpayaOil^erai* 
d)9 rvpawlZa yap ijSff eyere cwrrfv, rpf Xafieiv pip 

uaBcKov BoKel elvai, d^lva* Se eiruclvSwov. Ta^yrf 
av re iroKw ol rotovroi, eripov^ re ireiaavre^ anroke" 
ceuw, /ecu ei rrov hri a^S)v avrS>v avrovop^i, oueri' 
aeiav' ro yap airpayp^v ov ccy^erai p,r) fura rmi 
Bpcumjpiov rera/yp»evov, ovSe ev ap^pvay iroket ^vpy^e^ 

Kpei a\\ ev \nn)Kd<p, cur<l>a\&^ SovXevew. TpyeT^ ht 



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DEFENCE OF PEBIKLES. 265 

lifTfn viro T&v TOi&vSe iroXArSnf TrapdyeaOe, li/ffre ifik 
^** opyfj^ ^ere, ^ /ecu avrol (wBceyvotre iroXefielv, 
& Kcu hreXOovre^ oi evavrloc ^pcurav airep eho)^ fjjv 
fiif €0ekf}advTci>v vfjt&v VTroKoveip, hriyeyevfiral re irdpa 
9SV irpoaeBe^o/ieOa ^ voao^ rjSe, trpa^fia fiovov Srj b 
r&v Trdvrav eKiriSo^ Kpetaaov yejevtifievov. Ktu h^ 
avT^ oIS' Uti fJ^epo^ rt fiaXXov irt fucovfuu, ov 
iiKcUfD^, ei fi^ tuu orav irapa Xoyov re eS irpa^rjre 
efioi dvadrfaere. iipeiv re j(PV ^a re Zcufiovui 
(wajKOia)^ rd re otto r&v iroTsjBfiuov cofhpeUo^ * ravra !• 
yap hf iOei, r^e tJ woKe^ irpdrepdv re fjv, vvv re 
p/q €P v/ilv lUoKvB^. TvSne he Svopu psyurrop aurrpf 
iX'^vcav Of iraaw dvdpdiroi^ Bia ro ra2^ ^p>tj>opcu^ 
prj etKecv, vKelara Be cipMra kcu trdvov^ dpaKto- 
Kepcu woXep^, /ecu tvpapAP p^icrrjp B^ H'^XP^ rovBe if 
/ce/crtffieprjp, ffi e? d&Mp ro'k hriyiypopJpoi^, tjp tcai 
pvp VTrepS&p^ep irore (irapra yap iri^vice /ecu ekcura-ov^ 
aOaij, fM'PrifMj searoKeXely^^rcUt 'EXKriPtop re Sn ^EX- 
\r}P€^ irXeloTci^p Sfj ^p^ap^ep, iccu iro\ep4>i^ psyiaroi^ 
dpre<rj(pp>€P irpd^ re ^p/rrapra^ /ecu /eaO* eKoarov^, 90 
nroXip re rok iraciv evTTOpcrrarrjp /ecu p^eyurrrjp ^/crf^ 
aap^p. Kalroi ravra 6 p,€P dirpayp^p p,ep,y^cur dp, 
6 Be Bpqv n fiovKop^po^ kcu avro^ ^f)\a)aei' el Be 
rf9 prj /eexrfircu, ^Ooptjaei. To Be pu^eicrOcu /ecu 
yjmfjpov^ etpcu ep ngS 'irapiprt iraa-t p,ep virrjp^ Brj, 91 
$<roc trepot ereptop fj^maap dp^eip* oari^ S' hri 
peyurroi^ ro hrlj>dopop \ap,l3ap€i, op0&^ fiovXevercu, 
3fJcro9 fjL€P yap ovk hrl ttoXv dprexet, V ^^ 'rrapav' 
rUa re Xapm-pdrrj^ kcu h ro ewetra Bo^a aeipptf-' 
aro^ /earakelwerai. ^Tp^2<: Be e? re ro p^eXXop /caXop» 
23 



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266 THUBTDIDX8. 

wpaypoirre^f j^ re to airUa ft^ titrypw, rf ifit^ 
vpoOvfup afi4t>OTepa XTrjaaaOe, km Aajqeiaifwploi^ iurfr€ 
en'iKffpvKeveaOt ft^e SvifiXoi &rr€ rch vapovci vavfw 

$fi€P ^/eurra Xmrovtrrcu, €py^ Se iiaKurra am^jfov^w^ 

Touwra o HepucKlfi \eywv iireipaTO rov^ *AdipfaiotK 
T^ re iir aurov opffjfi vapiiKuav teal am riof vafniv 
rmv Beiv&p onra^uif ti^v ^pfiimpn Ol & itjfUHri<f fihf 

wrois \oyo^^ aveirelOovro, /rcu ovt€ vpo^ tov9 Aouce^ 
Saifwviov^ erf itreiwov h T€ tov vokefwv fioXXay 
mpli/ipno, iS^ he roT^ vaOrifiaaiv ^kmrowro, o /*ev 
S^/uo9 in aif ikaccovmv ipfuofievo^ lariprfro scai 
TOVT»Vt oi Si Bwardi KoXa lerq^uira tcara r^ X^P^^ 

UoltcoSofUM^ re km Tro'kureXJa't, Kara^Kevai^ anroXuike* 
Kore^, TO Se /Aeyurrov, TroKefiov opt elprpn)^ ixpvr^.. 
Ou p4mot vporepov ye ol ^pm-avre^ eiravaavTo ev 
opy$ e)(pvTe^ auroPf irplp ify^plwacof j(pirip4urw. ^Tare^ 
pop B* aZdi^ ou TToXX^ Sirep <fHXei Sp^\o^ iromPt 

»<rrpaTfjy6p etKopro km Tropra ra wpayp^tra hrerpe^ 
^pup, &p p,ep irepi ra oucela Skcutto^ I}X/]/€^, apfiku- 
repot ffivi Spre^t &p Be ij ^pm'ctaa iro\^^ irpoa-^eiTO, 
vKeloTov a^iop pop,ifypre^ etpau "Otrop re yap j(pwop 
vpovoTff T^ 7roXe(»9 €P t§ ^IpV^' p^erpU^ e^yeira 

SB KM aa^aSMfi Bi€<f>vXa^€P aurrfp, km eyevero hr eKei^ 
pov p^eylarrf hrel re 6 iroKep^ Karearrft 6 Be ^m^ 

P€T<U KM €P TOXntp ITpoyPOV^ TYIP BuPttfUP. ^EtTC' 

filo} Be Bvo err) km firjpa^ lif*) koH erreiJBrj aTreSa-' 

P€P, eiri, irkeop eri eypcoadrf fj irpopoui avrov 17 6? 

mrop TToKep^op, *0 pip yap ^av^a^opra^ re km to 



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CHABACTEB OF PmUKLES. 367 

nvvTu&y QepofirMnnofi /ecu dp)(ifp fj^ eTTuervfuepov^ ip 

aecOai* oi Se ravra re 'rravra h rovvavriov ewpa^av, 
mi iXXa €^ rav iroXdfiov, So/couinu etpot Kara ra^ 
iBlwi ^iXoTi/<frMK ieai ihia /cepSf), itaicm h re 0-^09 b 
avT0V9 KM Tov^ ^fJbfAa)(pv9 hroXirewray, & /caropOov* 
lke»a fA€P Tok iBuirtu^ rtfi^ leai i^Xia fioKKov ^v, 
fr^aK&na 8e t^ irokei €9 rov iroKsfMy fiKafiff icaOl- 
OTOTO. Alrioy 8' tjv ft-f etteivo^ fiku itnmrm iinf rp 
re al^UdiMm km t^ yv^f^ j^pf^fuwrmp re Buuf>av&^ 10 
aSt^TOTO^ ye¥0fi€U09, Kareijdi to irXSjOo^ eKevO^pw^, 
KM ovK fjyero fiaXKov vir airov ^ atno^ ^€, Sxa 
7^ firi KTw/ji€PO^ If ov 'rrpoiTffKovTfov rrjv iupafup vpo^ 
fjoovrpf r« Xeyet^v, aXX ^X^^ ^^ a^uoaet km irpo^ 
offff\v T* avrevn'elv, ^Ottotc yovv Mcdoiro t* ovrot/v ift 
mipa KMpov ifip€$ 9afHtouinwi, Xtya^p KarmKriinrep 
eiri TO <^off€ia0Mf km SeSuSra^ altf a\xrf(o^ oMni^cor 
0l<m) TraXiv IttI to dapa-elv. ^Eyiyvero re Xoy^ fiev 
bufMKparta^ €py<p 8e t^ rov irp^ov av^po^ ^PX'^* 
Oi 8e varepov urot aurol fioKKop irpo^ oKKriKov^n 
Svre^, Koi opeyofieyo^ rov irpAro^ iMurro^ yiyv€a0M, 
erpanrovro Kod^ ^Bova^ t^J 8^^ km ra irpayfunu 
epBi&opM. '£f &p oKKa re woWA, it ey /^e^Xi; iriXet 
KM apx^v e)(pva-ff, ^fjMprriffrj, km o 69 S^KeXlav irXoih 
89 ov roovvTov yvwpflfi dfjutprrffia fjjv irpot 01/9 enrrffT^ 
aav, iaov oi iKnr^fin^avret ov ra irpoa^pa roi^ ocxo- 
fieponi hny^yp<i<TKOin€t aXXa Kara ra^ iSia^ Sia/Soka^ 
trepi rffi rov tr^jLov Trpoareuria^ ra re iv ry crpar- 
TOTre^ apfikvrepa eirolovp^ km ra wepi rffv iroXiv 
vp&TOP €V aXXriXjoit irapa)(0^<Tav* S<f>aKevT€t 8 erao 



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268 THUKTDIDES. 

SuecXl^ aXK/tf re wapacioevi sou rov vaurucoS ry 
ifKeiovi, fioplip, fuu Kara rrpf irolav 7S17 hf <rraa'€$ 
oin-69, o/ia>9 rpla fiev enj amAj^pv roi^ t€ irporepop 
inrafy)(pv<rk irdhjefUoi^ /ecu roh cnro Si/ceKia^ fJ^ aur&v, 

B/cai T&p ^v/ifJMj((onf er« rok wkeiocip a(j>e€m)tco<ng 
Kvpip re varepov PctaCKec^ irtuSi 'irpoirjepofUinp, 09 
wapelj(e ypr^fiara HeKourowfia-ioi^ I9 to vavruccv* luu 
ov irpirrepov eveboaap ^ avrol ev tr^lai Kara ra^ 
lBi(K Buuf>opa^ irepvirecovre^ €a'il)akria'ap. Toawirop Tf» 

10 IlepucKel e'Treplacevire rire, a^ Sp avro^ ^poeypco, 
Koi wopv &p pqSieo^ irepvfepeaOM rw neKovopprf 
auop air&p r^ iroKeiMf. 



X SIEGE OF PLATAIA. (Lib. IL oc. 71 -7a 
Lib. UL cc. 20-24. B. C. 429, 428.) 

Tov t* hriyiypo/Aepov depov^ oi Ile'koiroppria'iw /au 
ol ^lupLaypt, h p^ rtfp ^Arruerp^ ovk eaefidkop, earpa^ 

16 revcap £' eiA UKarautp* fffelro Se ^ Ap^lZapyo^ o 
Zev^iZap/iVt AdK^MpMPimp fieuriKeu^* Kcu KoOla-a^ 
rop arparop ep^eXXe Bffcjaetv ripf yfjp* ol Be IlXa^ 
ratSy: evOv^ Trpeafiei^ wepApnpre^ wpo^ ainvp ikeyop 
rouiBe. '**Ap)(^iSafjLe xai AoKeBcu^pioif ov Zuccua 

Kwoielre oifB a^ut ovre vfiSiv ovre 'rrareptop &p core, 
69 yfjp rrjp nXarat&p arparevopre^. Ilawrapic^ yap 
6 KXeofifiporov, AateeBcufiopio^, eK£v0epa>aa^ rijp *EK* 
\aha airo r&p Mrfi&v p^era *£XX^i^i/ rSaip ^eXa^ 
aavrfop ^vpdpacdcu rop xipSvpop rfj^ M'^hcV^ ^ ^^ 



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SIEGE OF FLATAIA. 269 

^fU¥ eyeifero, Ovca^ hf r^ IIXaTcu&if ayopa Au eKev^ 
ffepi^ Upa Kcu ^vyKaKeaa^ iravra^ rov^ ^fifui)(ov^ 
AreSiBov nXarcuevir^ yfjiv teai iroKiv riflf c^erdpav 
€j(ovTa^ avTovSfiotj^ olKeof, oTpareva-al re fi/rfSeva irore 
oBlictD^ hr auToif^ p/qh* eirl SovKeia, el Se p^rj, ap,V' f 
vetv rov^ irapovra^ ^p^p^X^^ Kara hvvap4v* Tabe 
pip ^pXp irarepe^ ol ipJrepoi, ehoaav dperrj^ ivexa 
Ktu TTpoOvpla^ rffi ep hcelvoi^ rov; klvZvvoi/^ yevopJ- 
Vffi, vpw he Topavrla Bpare* p^ra yap Brjfiaimv 
r&p fjpip exOurrmv hri SovKeia ry ^pfirepa rfKere. lo 
MdpTvpa^ Be 0€ov^ rov^ re opKiov^ rore yevopdvov^ 
voiovpLOHH K<u rov^ vp^repov^ warp^v^ fuu ^p^ere- 
pcfvq €yj(pDpiov^, "Keyopep vp2p rrjp yfjp rrfp ilXo^ 
ra$iBa paj aBucelp p/ffie irapct^alpeof tov9 op/cov^, ifp 
Be olKeof auropop^ov^, Kadanrep Hauirapla^ ^ucalaxrep" is 
ToiT<xvra eiiriprfop IlXarai&p ^Ap^iBap^o^ virdKafiw 
etrre *'AUcua Xeyere^ & apBpe^ ITKaractfi, tjp woiSjre 
6p>ota roU Xoyow. KaOairep yap Ilavaapiet^ vpUp 
vapeBe9tcep, airol re, avropopbelo'de, km roif^ oKKovg 
(vpeXevOepovre, i<roi p^raa-'xppre^ r&p rore tcipBvpoDPio 
vfup re ^up<0p4}<rap /cat elai pvp \nr ^AOrfpaloi^, ttot 
pacKevrj re roffrjBe fuu woKep^ yeyhnfrai, avr&p hfexa 
tuu r&p oKXmp eKevOep^trea^. *H^ p^Xurra pip /mto* 
aj(tlpre^ mu avrol ep,pLeipare rol^ SpKoi^* el Be p>rj, 
airep kcu to irpirepop ijBr) irpovKoKetrdpLeOa, ^<Tvj(iapm 
ayere, pepLopiepot ra vp^erepa air&p, Ktu S<rre p^Se 
p^ erip(OP B4)(ea-de Be apAfnyrepov^ <f>tkox;^, eiri wo^ 
Xipup Be pkrjBerepov^. Kcu roBe ripZp dpxeaevJ^ *0 pip 
Apj(!iap4)^ rotraSra etwev oi Be IlXarai&p irpeaPei^ 
OKmnrapre^ ravra eafjkdop e? ripf ttoKip, koI t^«> 
23 • 



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270 THUBTDIDBS. 

wkriOe^ ra pvfOeirra Kowicavre^ am-eKplmtvTO air^ fn 
ahwara c^urw ettf iroiew & irpoicdKevrcu aveu *Adff^ 
voMV 9ratSe9 yap a^isv fcai ytnHwce^ 'trap hceivif^ 
elrfa-av* B^teinu Be km wepi r^ vcurjf woXjeh f^ 

6 ixelpcop d7roj(wpvfiTaPTc»v ^AOffPoioi eXJSovre^ c^l^w qvk 
eTnTpeir^a-^v, tj SrffioMc, m epoptcoi ivre^ Kara to 
afMfxnepov^ ieyecOoi^ aZOi^ a^&v r^ troKuf weipd- 
awTh KorraKafiew. *0 he Oapavimv avrw^ frpo9 raura 
i^ ***Tfiek Be iroKiv fkhf kcu oucioi ^puv wapaBore 

nroU AoKeBoifiovloi^, Koi y!J9 Spov^ am-oBeifare, mu 
BevBpa api0f/L^ ra vp^repa^ Ktu €k)Oa> el ri BvpoAp 
€9 apidpMV ekBelv* airoi Se fierc^upri<T<vre iiroi /8ov- 
XeaOe^ XiK ctv 6 woKefto^ ff. *EireiBap Bi wapeXSjf, 
JnroBwo'Ofiev vftw & etp TrapdKafiwfiev* ^^XP^ ^^ rovBe 

16 ^fiMV irapoKaraBriKfriP, ipya^d/ievoi, Koi ^pap ^* 
povre^ fj ctv vfup fieXXrf iKavrj e<re<r$mJ^ 01 S* off^v- 
cavre^ eafjXJBov aZOv; e? trju iroKuf, Koi fiovkevfrtt' 
fi£voi fiera rov TrXriOov^ eke^op on fiovkovrai, & irpo^ 
KoKelrai, *A6fivaiov; kovpSmtcu wp&rov, Koi ^y irei$ma't¥ 

Vairrov^, iroieuf ravra* f'^XP^ ^^ rovrav OTreiamadai 
a^i<T(v eKeKevop, Koi rfpf yfjv p^ Byoikf. *0 Se fip4-^ 
poi re eaireuraro, h of? eum ^ KO/uaOijvai, Kai r^ 
yfip ovK erefivev. *E\j9ovre^ Be ol ItXarroMfi irpearfiepi 
(09 Tov^ *A0ffPcuov^, K€u fiovKevadfjt€PO& fjter aurAp, 

ftBTrdkiv fj\Bov cnrayyeXXovre^ to*9 ev r^ wdXei rotafie* 
" OvT ev T^ TTpo Tov ypopfpt & eufBpe^ nXareuij^, a^ 
av ^fifiaxpi eyepofieOa, AOrfvcuoc ^>aa'Lv ev ovBepi 
^/4a9 irpoeaOai aB(,KOVfA€vov<:, ovre vw irepion^^frBai^ 
fioTiOrja-eiv Se Kara Bvvafuv. EiruTKrfirroviri re vpuv, 

wirpo^ T&v opKfov 0^9 o( irarepe^ wpi^xraiff fMjSh^ 



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SIBOE OF FLATAIA. 271 

Janvf^eCKoanwv ol TTKxiTatS^ ifiovkevcopro ^AOrjpalov^ 
furj wpoBiBovait aXX' ape)(€adai ledi yifP refUfOfiePi^Pf 
e! Bei, op&vra^ kcu, oXXo grao^j^oyra^ i n kv ^Vfifialvrf 
i^XOAf re fjufikva Sri^ aXX' airo rw relypv^ airo' & 
tcpitmsdai Sn aBvvara a^la-^ woteip icrrlp & Awce- 
ituikivm$ irpoKoKjovvTtu. *fl^ Sk aireKplvaino^ evrevdev 
S^ irp&TOP fiev 69 mifuipTvpiav xal OeSfP icai ripwev 
T&v iyx^pi^^ *Ap)(iBaf»o^ 6 fiaaiXsv^ Koma^ff, Xeymp 
wSe " 0€ol, &roi yijp r^ nXjaraUBa exjsre, xai fjpae^, lo 
(vpioTOpe^ &T€ Sti ovre rifP afyf(rip aBUfo^, €k\^ 
vorrwp T&pSe irportpov to ftipwfunov, eirl yrp rrjvBe 
ifkOofAev, ev y oi varepe^ ^f»w €v^afiepo$ vfuv Mrfit^v 
i»parfi(raif, Ktu vctp€<rj(eT€ avrrjiy €Vf»€P^ ivarftiviaor 
^d(u Tch ^EXhriaWt ovre vw, iqfP n woiAfiev, oB^^n 
witrofbev* TrpotcdKetrofAeifot yap woXKa luX eucdra oi 
'n/yxavo^k^. Uvyyvd^ve^ hi Sore r^ fiiv clZikIo/: 
MoXaieaOai roU vwapxovtn wporepoi^, r^ Be r$fuopu^ 
rvyj(ap€W roU e^t^f>€povac pofUfUD^.^* 

Toaairra iiriOeiaaai^ KaOlarf} €9 voXjefiov top arpa^^ 
rw, seai irp&rov fiev vepLeeravpuDtrep avrov^ ro'k 
BivBpeaw k &eoy^v, rov fMtfBepa ir^ e^iivtu, hrara 
XSi^JM expvp irpo^ rijiP iroKiP, eXnri^opre^ raxl^TTTiP 
<up€<np eaeaOiu avr&p OTparevfjMTo^ rocovrov epyor 
l^ofjkipov. Ht/Xa fiip ovp T€fkPOPT&: etc rov KiOtup&po^^ 
vap^/toBofWVP €teaT€p(o0€Pt ^pfJuijBop aprl rol^fop n- 

0€PT€^, StTC^^ fJtfi Sta^^O^TO €7rt TTOXU TO X^P^' ^4^^ 

pa\fp Be vXrfP €9 airo /ecu XiOov^ iuu yijp, km el 
Ti oAXo apvreip fJbeXXoc emfiaXKofiepop. *Hfiipa^ Sk 
^ovp efiBofJkrycopra kcu pvkto^ ^vp^x^p Biyprjp^^vi 



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272 THUEYBIDSS. 

Kwf avanrauka/i, &<n'€ Tav9 fjip ^peiv, tov? 5c ivpw 
r€ Koi alrov aXpeia0(U* AatceBcufAovuov re oi ^evajoi 

Oi Se nXaroiSj^ op&vre^ t^ X^/^ alpofAeifov, ^\tPOv 

6r€c%09 ^Oevre^, tuu hrurnjcame^ r^ iavrw Td)(u 

y TTpoaexpuTO, ecipicoSofjbovp £9 oi/to 7r\ip0ov9, he Tttr 

ra (iXa, rot) fMJ i^yJov ytypoftevw aadeiieg etpm 
TO oucoBofinrffia* km irpOKokoiiiuvra etp^ Seppei^ scat 

10 BKf>0epa/9, &rrtf rov^ epya^ofACPOvi tuu ra (u\a /ifrfn 
wvp<l>opot/9 oloToU fiaSXea-Oai ev aatfxiKei^ re etvai. 
"H^pero Se to v^^ rov rel^ov^ M>€y(h ictu ro x&fUL 
ov <rj(p\alr€pop amavrfu ain^ Kal oi IlXarratifi 
roMvSe ri, hn^voovaiv* hteKovre^ rov relypv^ tf vpaa-e^ 

iBTTtirre ro x^M^ Ice^pow rrpf yrpf, Oi Be UeKoffftnh 
vr^voi, aiadop>€vo^ ev raptroU KoKap^ov TniXjOP eveiXXotf 
T69 eaefiaTiKov €9 ro Bi/ppr)p£Pop, cnrm^ p,ri Btaxeoftepop 
OHnrep ^ yrj <f>opolro» Oi Be ravrrf cnroKXyofACPoi rovro 
p^p €7r€<rj(pp, viropofAOP B eK r^ iroXec^ opv^avre^g 

90ICIU ^vprexpofpap^epoi vtto ro x&poL, v^IKkop aZOi/^ 
irapa <r^9 toi^ %ow* Koi eXApOopop eni voXu tov9. 
e^, &<rr hnfiaXKoprtK fja-a-op auvrew^ vmvfopepou 
avroi^ fcdrwOep rov x<^/m»to9 /ecu l^apopro^ del em to 
Kepovpepop. AeBiore^ Be p^ ovB* ovr» Bvpwpnu oklr 

2Byot^ 7r/309 ^oXXoi;9 dprexeiP, irpoaeire^pop roBc ro 
p>ep pjya olxoBopi^pa hrewaapro ipya^p£PO$ ro Kara ro 
X^y^ ep&ep oe Ka>i epuep aurov ap^ap^epoi airo TOt 
fipaxeo^ reixov^ eK rov hnv^ p/qpoeiBe^ €9 r^ irokiv 
wpoatpKoBop^up, ^o»9> el TO p^eya relx^^ dKlcKoiTO, 

to rovr oprexot, kcu Seo^ tou9 epaprlov^ aZOi^ wpo^ aino 



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SIEGE OP PLATAIA. 273 

jfDw Kcu trpoywpovvra^ ecco) Si*n\a(nov re irovov eyetv 
Kci €v dfi^il3oKq> fiaXXov ylyveaOcu. ^Afia Se tJ %cJo-6* 
Koi fjt7ij(ava^ irpofrffyov tJ iroKti, oi H^KoirowriaiOi, fiiav 
fiiv fj roS fieyoKov olKoSofirjfiaTO^ /eara to ;^£/luz irpoa-" 
a/)(0€taa eirl iiipfa re xarcireure tuu tov9 nXaraiea^ • 
^Pofiffaev, SXKa^ Se aWr) rov T€ij(ov^, &9 fipoxoi/^ re 
irepi^dXKovre^ ov^kKohv ol HXjarcufji^, kcu Sokov^ fieyd- 
Xo9 apTrjaavre^ oKvaeai fuucpaU triBrjpai^ cnro ttj^ rop/rj^ 
hcaripfoBev wiro Kepat&v Bvo einKeicKip>iv(ov kcu virepror 
vov<rwv irtfkp rov T€lj(pv^, dv€\Kv<rapT€^ eyKopaia^, more w 
'irpoavreaetaOcu Trp p^eXXot o} p^avri, atf>Uaav rijv Sotcov 
XoXapah rai^ aXuceat kcu ov 8ia ;^6*/309 e^ovTe^ • 17 Si 
pvp/p ifiirlirrova'a direKavKi^e to irpodypv t^9 ififidki}^. 
Mera Be rovro ol neXjoirowTjCiot, ©9 at re p/rp(avcu 
ovSev i<f>eKo\w kcu t^ j(€op,aTc to dvTLrel'X^Lap^i eylyvero, 15 
vop^lfTavre^ airopov etvcu diro t&p irapovrtov Setv&v iXelv 
rrjv wo/uv, Trpo? t^i; irepLrei'xyrtv irapeaKCvd^ovTo. TIpO' 
repov Be irvpi eSo^ev avroU weipaacu, el Bvvatvro wev^ 
fiaro^ yevofieuov e7n<f>\e^cu rrjv itoXav, ovaav ov /teya- 
X^qv • iraa-av yap Bfj iBeav eirevdow, el wa)9 a^iaw avev 90 
Banrdmi^ kcu 'n-oTuopKia^ wpoa-axO^lrf. ^opovvre^ Be 
1JX179 (l>cLKeKKov^ irape^aXKop dwo rov j(^mpMro<i €9 to 
fiera^ irpSnov tov Tel'xpv^ kcu t^ 'rrpoa^daew^, Tayy 
Be irXripov^ yevop^epov Bul iroXv^eipuw emirapepria'ap 
KCU T^ aXX^9 7ro\€a)9 iaop eBvpavTO diro tov /^ereco-sfr 
pov irKelcTOP hricxetv, €p>l3a'KdpT€<: Be irvp ^vv Oeltp kcu 
TTia-a-y, ^^ai/ ttjp vkrfv. Kcu eyivero ^\of Toaavrq, 
ocrr)p ovBek ttq) &; ye eKelvop top ^dvov ')(€i,poiroirjTOP 
eXBep'' rjSff yap ep opeatp vKri Tpi<f>6el(ra inr apep^p 
irpo^ ctvTTjp airo Tavrop^TOv irvp xat <f>\oya air avTOv ao 



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274 THUKTDIDM. 

avrjicevM Tovto & lUja tc ^> Koi tou9 nXorm^f 
raXKa SuKf>vyovT(K ikaxurrov cS^/a-c Bta^€2p€U' arm 
yap iroXKov j(ju>plov rry; ttoXccv^ owe fjjv ireXaxrat^ nvmi' 
fid re u etreyevero airr^ eirl^pov, Sir^p koH l^inljov 

Bol hfoirrloi, ovsc hv hU^vyov. Nuv & Koi roSe X^ye- 
Tcu ^fufirjpoAf vBci>p ^ ovpavov ttoXv xai fipovra^ JP'^ 
fjL€P(K a^dacu rrpf ^Xaya» /coi ovtc» vaudtpai rov suv 
Swov» 

Ol ie IleXoirowi^toif hreiZif tcai tovtov 8iiqp4iprov, 

}Q fiepo^ fiev Ti KCLTcOuirivTe^ rov aTparoveBoSit [to Se 
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r€9 xnro r&p ^ArrvKW pe&p Xoyov^ TJhri irpo<re^>epo¥ 

aoTO^ (TTpaTqyoU, l3ov\dp£PO$ ra^ pav^ ro irapovrma. 



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BEVOLT 07 LESBOS. 283 



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wVy tcci irepufpfua-dfjLevoi to 7r/909 potop rfj^ iroKeco^ 

^ er€i')(i4rap orparoTreBa Svo eKorepwdev r^ ir^Kew^, #ciu 
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ovTo>9 ewoXefielro. • • . . • 

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iBBcupLOPioi irepl top ^IcOpMP fja-op, eni Mrfivpanxp <&c 
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25 apexol>pvo'ap oi Xovirol Kara raxo^. Oi Se *A0f)paM 
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pov^ ovra^ etpyeip, iripfirovai, irepi to <l>0ipcrrc9pop ijSif 
apj(pp£POP UayTfra rop ^EircKovpov crrparrtyop km X*X^ 

ao 0V9 onXlra^ eavr&v. Oi Se avreperM irKevcavre^ rSm 



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REVOLT OF LESBOS. 285 

kvkX^ dirK^ T€lj(€i* ^povpia Be e<mv 17 eiri rcra^ 
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€P TM9 iTpip ea^oXai^: vapeXeKeinrro * km 17 ia/3o\fi so 



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286 THUKYDIDBS. 

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heurepav. Emfuvovre^ yap ael awo rfj^ Aeafiov ti 
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hre^rjKBov ra itoXKa rifivopre^. *S1^ S* oliew awe- 

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pov '^iKop ovra, w hre^Mov rol^ AOtfvaioi^' oi Be 
ejreiSfj eXafiov oirXa, ovre ^tcpo&mo en r&v apxpvmp, 
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15 T0V9 Swarots <f>ep€tv 69 TO <l>av€pop MU SuiP€fieip 
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Beel^ opre^, «9 17 orparia iarjXOep, ovk rjpea^opro aXX' 

10 eni Tov? /Sayp^v^ Sp^a^^ Kodl^ovaiv. Hayff^ B apotonqr 



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REVOLT OP LESBOS. 387 

dQ9 avTov^ &aT€ fi^ aZiiefjacUf teaTarlOerM h TeveSoy 

Tijy "Avruriraif rfHi^pei^: wpotre/crrja'aTOf kcu raXXa ra 

wepi TO orpaTirireSov Kodltrraro y avr^ iSdtceu 

*0 Be ndxv^ dffHtcdfiepo^ €9 rriv MvrtXrivrjv Trjv $ 
T€ Hvppcof Koi Epecaov irapear^aaro, kcu SaXcuOov 
Xafiav hf r^ iroMi rov Acucehcufioviov fceKpvfifidpov 
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Trefjme^ he kcu t^ <rrpaTca^ to TrXeoi/. Toifs Be Xo^ 
wok xnrofievG^v Kadtararo ra vepl Tqv MrrriXriPTfv kcu 
Tifv oKXrfv Aeafiov, rj ain^ eBoKCU A^ucoiievtov Be 
T&v avBp&v KCU rov SaXalOov, oi *A0r}paloc rov fiep 
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rikirpfalov^t Scot tj^axn, ircuBa^ Be kcu jvpcuko^ avBpcu^ 20 
TToBurcUf erriKaXovvTe^ t/jv re SXKrfv airoaraaiv, &n 
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Xoybtr/juk, wpiiv to ISovXevfui kcu p,eya ^v£xr0cu, TroXtvao 



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288 THUKYDIDBS. 

ikffv Sia^eipcu fioKKov ^ ov rov^: airiov^. '/I^ 9* 
yaOovTO TOVTO r&v MvriKrjvaic^p oi '/rapovre^ irpea-fiet^ 
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BKcu Sireurctv pfov, 8krrf kcu hceipoi^ evSffXjov fpf fiov* 
Xofiepov TO 'irXJov r&v iroXtr&v aZOi^ riva^ tnfH<n;ir 
dfrroSovvcu fiovXeva-aaOcu. Karcurrcurrf^ 8* €v0v^ or^ 
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Kparicuf, Stc aZvparop i(mp erepcop ip^ip, fidKurra 

16 S' €P T^ pvp vfierepa irepi MvrCKrjpamp p^rafieKela. 
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fOOVK €9 TrjP T&P (vfipAxi^P X^''^ p^XcUcl^eo-OcU, oi (TKO- 

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vpM>p, aXX cf &p ap l<rxvl' puXXop tj ry iKclpeop 

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p^era aw^poavpri^ a)<f>€\ip^€pop fj Scfwrny? pera oko' 

80X00-/09, ot re <l>av\oT€poi r&p apBpwirtDV irpo^ rov^ 



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REVOLT OF LSSBOS. 389 

f u per v ripov^ <09 eirl to TrXeZby ofiewov oheovai to^ 
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^up€cei afutdearepob phf t&v vofuop a^iovctv etpeu, 
a&warwTepok fie tov koKw elirdvro^ fiefA'y^^iaOcu Xojop, 
MpiTol fie Svre^ cnro rov ktov fiaXKov tj aympurrai 
^p0owT(u ra irXew. ^/29 oiv j(prj tcaU fifia^ iroiovv lo 
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paOCKop (o yap iradoiP r^ Bpatrapri upL^vrepa r^ 
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TaToi iceifupop, avrviroCKop op pLCLktara rifp TipMpuw 
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epytdP, ra p£p psXXopra Ipya airo r&p ev €t7rovTft>y» 
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^OP TTpO^ OVTOV?, aVTQVOfuU Ttf OMMmWcV XtU Tl/uim 

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BETOLT OF LESBOa 291 

pu^tyfAa Se airoU &9t€ ai t&p wdXof ^ft^peu eye* 
poirro, Saoi anre<rravT€^ tjStj ^fi&v iyeipwOtiouPy aSre 
fl irapovca €vB€U^vla nrapeaypf okvov fi^ eXjffelp €? 
TO SeiPa* y€POfJL€P<H Si 7rpo9 to fieXKop Opcurel^, kcu 
eK'rriaeurre^ /jMKpirepa fkkv t^ iwofietd^ eKaa-a-o) Se s 
rfj^ fiov\ri<r€^a^, woKefAOP ijpapro, layyv a^uocavre^ 
TOV hmtUov vpo0€tv€U* €V 9> yap fprfffTfa-ap irepiefre" 
€r€mf hreSevro rnup oi/e aSucov/jtevoc. EUoffe Si t&p 
m\€mp of? &P fjA>u<nu kcu Si ikayiirrov anrpoirSo' 
scffTO^ evwpct^ !X^, 69 i^pip rpeiretp • ra S\ iroXKa lo 
Korra \oyop roh ap9pwiroi,<$ evrv)(ovvTa aa^cChitrrepa 
^ irmpa Sifap, tuu Kcuctyrrpaylap m ehreip pf^p ottoh 
dovpTtu ^ eiSatfiopiav Suuni^opreu. Xprjjv S\ Mvri- 
Xtjpaiev^ Koi iroKtu ftrfSep Sta^epopra^ t&p oXXcdp 
v^ '^fjk&fp TeT^fi<Jc9ai, /ecu ovtc hp e^ roSe e^v/Spurap * 16 
m^/t^ yap leeit oXXco? opffp^mro^ li fjtep OepaTrcvop 
vtnp^pqpeip, to Se pt/ri vTreucop ffavfia^etv. KoXar 
a^ifrm<rtiv Si /ectL pvp a^ito^ Trjt aSuela^, foii pai Toi<: 
flip ixljot^ 17 mrta 7rpocT€0p, top Si Sfjfiop dvo^ 
"SjitFtrre. ndpre^ yap ijiup ye oftoia^ hrddtVTO, oJ?ao 
y ^TT m^ '^fim Tpeiroftepoi^ pip ttoKlp €P to iroKei 
elpoi. ^AXKa top paera t&p oK^cop kIpSvpop ffpio'dr 
fupoi fiefifuiTepov (vpanT€(rTff<rap. T&p re ^p>fui)((OP, 
o-xeiftiurOe, el toJ? t6 apofy/eeurffeurtp wro t&p 'iroXe^ 
fiiwp /cat ToJ? eKOvatP anrooToav T09 mna^ ^rjfila^ ai 
'rrpoa'0rja'€T€, Tipa oteaOe ipriva ov ftpa^eta irpo^ 
ffxiaet airofTTT^aeadiU otop ^ KaTopBwaapri eXjevOe^ 
pdM-i^ ff tj (T^dKepTi fj^Sep iroBelp dptiKetrrop ; ^Hfup 
Se frpo^ eiecumjp iroTup awoKexipSvpevaeTcu Ta re XP^ 
futra MH ai -^vya/. Kxu Tv^ppTe^ p,ep, iroKiv e^Oap^ > 



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292 THnKTDIDB& 

f/^mnip vapaXafiovTe^t rij^ iirevra vpotroSov, &.* ^, 
laj(yofi€P, TO Xoimiv arefyqaetrOet a^xiKevre^ & TroXe- 
lilov^ irpo^ ToU inrapypxHTw i^fjuep, §caX %v ypovov rol^ 
vvp KadeoTtj/coai Bel e)(0poh av6iaraa0cu, roh oltctioi^ 

s ^fifidj(pi^ iroXefjLi^ofiep. Ovtcovp Bel irpoOelpoi iXar^a 

ovre Xoytp irurniv ovre yprifuunv innfrrpf, w fuTyvw- 

fiAfiv dfiofyrelv dpOpamivn^ \rf\^PTau "Aicovre^ fiiv yap 

ovK efiXay^aUf elBore^ Be eirefiovkevaew (vyypwfwv 

eoTi TO aKOWTwv. ttyto fiev ovp k€u rare irpSnov 

lOiiMU vvv Sutfuij(pfuu fiij fierayp&vai vfia^ ra wpoBe' 
Boyfiepa, firjBe rpuri roU a^p^pviTaroi^ r^ oLpf)(j^^ 
ot/CT^ teal ^Bov$ Xoywv tau eiricuceia, dfAoprdimv. 
"EXeo^ re yap irpoq roit^ ofioiov^ Bucaio^ optiBiBo^ 
<r0(u, K(u piq irpa^ oxn avroiKTiovPTa^ ef avayKtf^ 

lire KaJdeoTSrra^ aei iroKepiov^* ot re repnovre^ Xoyfi 
prfrope<i S^vcc /cai ev aXKoi^ eXdaaocaf dy&va, ttm 
p/ff ev ^ q phf iroKi^ fipayea qa-Oeura peydka (ffpuor 
crertu, avrol Be he rov cv m,irelv to iraJdeiv cS ovr*- 
Xrp^vTOA' Mu ij hneiKeia irpo^ rov^ peXXovra^ en-irtf' 

ao Beiox;^ kcH to "Koiirov StreaOoL paXKov BiBorai ^ Trpi^ 
Tov^ opoiov^ re luu ovBev ^cov irokepUov^ vn-oXei" 
iropevot)^. ^Ep Be ^vpeXmp \^fw ireiOopevoi pep 
epol rd re BUcua 69 MvriKqpaiov^ luu ra ^vp^pa 
apa iroi'qa'eTe, aXXo^ Be yvopre^ roh pep ov ^apieurBei 

ss vpa^ Be auTOv^ paXKop Buca^uoaecOe, El yap ovroi 
op6&^ airearriiTaVp vpeU cip ov ')(peiip ap^Oire. El 
Be Bq KG* OV 'jrpo<rrJKOP Spw^ a^ioVTe rovro Bpap^ 
trapa ro eiKo^i joi kcu rovcBe ^vpif>op(o^ Bel /coXa^ 
<r0cu, rj iraveaffai rrj^ ^PX^ ^ ^^ '''^^ atuvBupoy 

9D opBpayaOll^eaOai. T^ re avr^ &lf^ a^WHrare apv* 



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BEYOLT Ot LESBOS. 393 

wturOcu, KM fifj avcLhjfrjrorepoi ol hui^ebyovre^ r&p 

avTDV9 iroirjatu KpaTr^avra/i i7A^v> aXXa>9 re koa 
TpovTap^avT(K aSucuK. MoKioTa Se oi ^ (vp irpo" 

XvPTCUf 7VP xlvSvPOP V<f>Op{OfA€pOi TOV V7ro\eV!rO/JiJlfOV 

iyjipov* o yap p^ ^ avaj/n/ ri iraBwp yoKjetrane^ 
p<K SuM^vyiiv TOV amv r^ ta^ iyOpov. M^ oSv vpo^ 
SoTCU jiprjirdM vfA&v ovt&p, yepopevoi B* Ihri eyyvrara 
ry jvip/ff TOV ircur)(<nv, km m^ trpo 'rraarro^ hp eri- lo 
pf^fiuadn avTov^ yeifwraadtu^ pup apram-oBore, p^ 
paXaKur0€PT€^ wpo^ ro irapop avriKO, p^i tov hnr 
KpepMtrdepTO^ irore Beipov dpprfpopovpre^. KdKouraT€ $€ 
aflm^ TouTOV^ t€, km toI^ aX\oi9 (yppaypi^ wapaSetypa 
tnupih KOTturrrja'are, 09 ftp a/^KTrrfTcu^ Oaparfp ^rfpao- 10 
^ipepop. ToBe yap fpt yp&aiv, fpraop t&p iroXepitop 
apeXria'apTe^ toU vperepoi^ avr&p pofxeto'Oe ^ppar 

ToiaSra pip o Kkeeov Air€P. Mera B* airop jdio' 
Boto^ o EvKpaTOV^, iawep km €P Tp wporepa eKK^rfcrla so 
avrekeye pakurra p^ wiroKrelpM MvriXapuuov^, irapeXr 
0hp KM Tore Skeye ToiaBe. 

*^OvT€ T0U9 7rpo$€PTa^ Trpf Biarfpwp/qp aZ6i^ wept 
MvrCKfpfOMiJV alruipM, ovre tov^ pep/^p^epov^ piq 
iroXKcLKi^ irepi t&p peylare^p fiov\ev€a0M hrMP&,n 
popl^ca Be Bvo Ta epopruaraTa evfiovXla elpoit tg^o^ 
T€ KM opyrjp, &p TO pip pera dpoia^ <f>t,'Kei yiype- 
a0att TO Bi pera atrMBevaia^ Koi fipafxynfro^ ypdp/ff^. 
Tov^ Ttf X&yov^ ioTi^ ButpaxeTM pff B^Baa^KdKov^ t&p 
wpa^pdrmp yvyptcdeu^ ^ a^vvero^ earcp ^ iBuf ti«i 
95« 



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394 THUKTDIDES. 

"wepi Tov fUKKmrT9^ iuparop Afm mi pn^ ifk ^ mt ^^ ik 
wei9'M eS f^ mruw oitc hf ^yemu wyi toS ftij 

J^wmfrepoq ^ hi^oft ^ihh fj aSuairepOf wmympu* 

ovK ii^eXeiTmi cr t^ tcm^* ^)3{i> 70/9 oiro<rrfp«Sr«f 
TW fvfAJSavXMP* Km irkMrr Ap opBohw A u mirmK 

IB jap hv ini^eifftrair dfMprdvHif. Xprj Si tot ^wi^ 
aya$6p troXlrrfw fc^ hcf^ofiovvrm rov9 carr€povvTm oXX' 
mro rot; Zjw ^€upea0€u afMonv "keyoprot riyr £t wi^pr- 
ya TToX^j' T^ T€ vXeurra €v fiovKevovTi p^ vpiHrrtB^m 
Ttparfp^ aXXa pftfi^ ikourvolhf r^ {nrmpj(9v<ni^ imi tip 

^M rvypvra ywfwf^ ovx ftnw ^iffuoSv aiiXa /Eny8' 
Jkip^euf, Otri^ yap i m xawpOmp ifMurrm Ap imi 
T^ !ti p^i^dvmv a^iovaOai wapa ywip/ipf rt wm itpi^ 
yaptv \Jyoi, S t€ p,rf emrv^inf opeyoiro r^ air^ TPfi^" 
^op£vJ^ rt Kei airro^ irpo^ar/^oBoii to irXifitt^^ *fi» 

»i7|i€{9 rdvavria Bp&p^ev, xoi Trpoaeri, ijp Tt9 km iiro- 
wrevrfTM KcpSotf^ fiiv &feKa ra fi^krurra S* ipsK 
Xdyetv, ^avrfaavr^ tff^ ov fiefiaum Soici/crcwv rAp 
KepB&p, rfip if^vepap m^ydap rrjj^ mXeco^ a^>a$p&U' 
fueOa, KaBtOTfiice h\ rayoBa iiro rov mSev^ \ieyo' 

^p^a p/qhep apwroiTTOTepa etpM twp kokAp, i^T$ 



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RBYOLT 07 LESBOS. 296 

.^em ifiow^ Toy re ra Setvorara fiovKofievov nrAttiu 
imirjf irfotretrfecB^u, ro irkyjOe^, tau rov ra dpi^Vio 
yjfmhu ^^^'watLfuvop marw yepeafftu. M^vffp re 
voKvp Bm Ta9 wepupoia^ eS irot^tu he rov irpo^- 
v»v9» p^ 6fi w r«Tiyrayrg» qSvparoy 6 yap &Sou9 ^tfi^e- s 
^m T* dyaOov dpOv7ixnrT€vera$ a^HMvik try wKeav 
l|««K Xfyli ie irpof ra fAeyiara Koi ep r^ ro^^ie 
^i/oimt tfpm Trepcurtp^ vpopo&Svra/i Xeyeir vfiSfp rw 
&' ikiyov ^KQ/imwnwp^ aXXa>? re koa PTreyffwov r^ 
urapcUvtaw Sjgovra^ vfm ap€v0wov rifv v/uLerepop lO 
cM^mwuN El jap o re ire/ra9 /vvu o eTrunrofjtevD^ 
ifiom efik u fi noino , aw^popeorcpov itp hcplpere* pvp 
^t Vfm opyt/p tip Twa rwjfifrf earip ire a^MK&rre^, 
rifP rov Trelaopro^ fUap yvip/qp ^fjfuevre, mi ov ra9 
vfteT€pm^ ainSwi e* TraXXm ci^a^t fupe^i^fjuipTOP. ^Eya> is 
£e vupffkBop ovre avTep&p Trefn MvrCKqpaiw ovre 
9umffopria'»p* Ov yap mpi rffi ixelpmp oBmIo^ ^pip 
i ayWi 61 <nixf>popovp;ep, aXXa vepi Trj^ f^psrepa^ 
eifiovhlof^. Hp t€ yap cnroi^^pm iram) c^itcovvra^ 
^nrmy^, ai im ravro km cnrotcrtTpcu fceKewrcBt ۥ /^^so 
(vp/^epop* Ijp re mi i)(ppre9 ty ^vyypmpr)^ etep, cl 
T^ irokei p^ ayajffop ^Ipoiro. Nopl^m ie irepi rov 
peKKopro^ ^pSn paKKop fiovXeveaOcu ^ rov irapopro^* 
mu rovro i paKurra K\€»p layypt^erat, e? ro Xoprfop 
^p^pop ea-eaOai 9rpo9 to ^ovp a^laraaOa* davaropss 
fylpUep irpo9elai^ mi avro^ irepi rov €9 to pOCKop 
mkm ej(ppro^ oprtayypi^opepo^ ravaprla ytyptoa/cn. 
Kai ovK afy& vpSui r^ eirrrpeiru rov eKelvev Tuoyov 
TO yjpffcrtpxiP rov ipov airxn^aaadtu. AbK€uar€po^ yap 
igp airov 6 Xoyo9 frpo^ rijp pup vperipap opyqp C9 80 



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296 TmiKYDIDES. 

MvTiXffvcuov^ Tdj(a &p hrunrJurcuro • ^fieU Se ov Smpqh 
^o/ieOa wpo^ avrov^, &<rre r&v Suealmv Sw, aXXa 
l3ovXevo/i€0a 'irefH avr&v, Sira><i ^(prfalfjuio^ i^vatv, 
*Ev oiv TCU19 TToXjea-i iroXKAv Oavarov ^fj/ua Tr/XMcei- 

5 Toit KM ovK lamv T^€ aXX' ekaacovwp dfjtofynffuirmv * 
ifjuo^ Si T^ iKirlBi eircupofievoi /cufSwevoxHrif teai oiSek 
Vio tcarayvov^ eaurov fj/rj irepiiaeadtu r^ emfiovXeC- 
fMTi fiKJBev e? TO Seivdv. IldX^ re d<f>i^TafJbeinj rt^ 
tr<o ^am ry Sofcrja-ei exovca r^y irapaa-txurpf, ^ 

lOoLrcMiy ^ oKKmv ^fufuxfx^la, rourtf iirexelfyrftrey ; ITe- 
^vKoci re cbropre: lau iS/a lau Srjfioala dfjtofyrdvetp, 
fccu OVK Sort vofio^ Strri^ avelp^i rovrov, hrei &«- 
^IsapUfOcurl ye Bia iraa-&p t&p ^rffu&v oi avdpcnro^ 
irpooTtOepTe^t el iroa^ ^<rov oBikoIvto vtto t&v xa- 

15 Kovpycov. Kcu eheo^ to iroKa^ r&v fi€yi<rr»p dSi^ 
KV)fidr<0v fiaKoKanepa^ KeurOcu avra^f 'Trapafitupofievmp 
Be T^ XP^^T ^ '''^^ Ooparop ai iroXXai ianiKownp* 
KOi TovTO Sfua^ 'jrapalSalpeTCU* ^H toIpvp Beiporepop 
Ti TovTov Beo^ evpereop itrrlp, ^ r^ ye ovBep cttA 

90 ^^*» dK>C 1} fiep irepla avd/yKif ttip rdkfiap Trapexovaa, 
^ B* e^vala vfipe^ rrfp vXeope^lop kcu ^poprqp^iTh 
ai S' aXKoi ^vprvylcu opyy t&p apdpdrirmp, m eKooTTf 
TW KaTe^ercu xnr aprfKetTTOv tipo^ KpetTTOPO^, i^ayov 
aip €9 Toi;9 KtpBupov^. ^H re IXttW tccu o Ipeo^ ewi 

'^ttoptI, o fjiep riyovfj^epo^, ri B* €<f>€7rofi€pr), kcu 6 ftep 
Tf)P €Tn/3oX'qp eK^popTifynp, ri Be Ttfp eviropiap Try: 
Tvxv^ vnoTtOeiaa, TrXeZora fiKtvirrovai, Kcii ovTa decani 
Kpeurtrto earl t&p optofiepotp Beip&p. Kcu fi Tvj(ri ew 
(tuTol^ ovBev eXcurtrop ^fifidXXeTcu €9 to hrcupeiv* 

80 aSo/r77ra>9 yap €(rnv ^re vapuTTafiepff kcu ck t&p 



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REVOLT OF LESBOS. 297 

VTroSe^oT^pcov KivSwevew riva wpodyci, Koi ovx ^a-cov 
TO? inSkei^, icf^ irepl r&v fieyt(rrmv, €\€v0€pi(K ^ 
SXXmv ifyy^* f^ fJi^era ircarrmv iccurro^ aXoylarw^ 
m\ ifkiop Ti airov eSo^curev. ^A'trXm re dBvvarov 
luu woXKij^ evijffela^, !l<m^ oUrat, rfj^ avdpayrrela^ « 
^wree^ opfiMfievf)^ irpoOvfuo^ n wpc^cu, aurorpoTn^ 
Tiva ^6ip ^ vofjuop Itrxyi ^ aKKfp rip Setv^. Ov- 
teovp XPV oSre rov Oavarov tJ Kwh ^^ hc^TT^ 
inareviTcarra^ Xetpov fiovKevacKrOtu, aure aveKiriOTav 
Korrcurrfiaax toZ? cnroirrcurw, i»9 ovic earcu /Merayp&wu w 
Kiu irt €V Ppaf)(vrar(p rrpf ifiaprriav KardXJkrai. 
SfceypuaOe yap irt vvp fiep, ijv ri^ k<u (trrooTaa'a 
nrokvi yv^ p^ irepiea-opJvri, SxjBoi &p €9 ^fifiaa-ip 
iwarri oZaa irt rrfv ha/irampf airoiovvcu kcu to Tsjoit 
irop vTToreKeuf eicelpfo^ Be rtpa oleaOe ffp npa ovkib 
ifiecpop fi€P ^ pvp wapactcevaa'aa'ffcu, irokcopKta re 
iraparepeurOiu I9 rovax'^rop, el ro avro Bvparcu <r)(p\^ 
Kcu rayv ^fififjpcu; *Hfilp re vm ov iBXafirj Sairapfp 
KoOflfiepoii Bia ro a^fi^arop, tau fyf fKi»p>ep irokip, 
€<f>dapfiepfjp wapaXa^eip /au T79 irpoaiiov ro Xoiirop^ 
anr avffj^ arepetrOfU ; *I(r)(vofi€P Be tt/w rov^ woXe- 
fjUov^ r^Be. ^fl<Tre ov BtKcurra^ Spra^ Bel rj/m^ /jloK- 
\op r&p i^afiaprapoprtop ifcpifiel^ fiKairrea^ai, tj op^p 
Stto)^ €9 rop eireira j^wr pLerpUa^ KoXafypre^ tcw 
voKeatp !^p>ep h ')(pr)p>arr(OP Xoyop Urxyoua-cu^ XPV' ^ 
0-001, ical rfjp <f>v\a/crfp p,r) arro r&p pop^p T779 8et- 
voT'qTO^ a^iovp troieiadai, clKK otto r&p epyoop T79 
hrtp^\eia<s. Ov pvp rapaprla Bp&pre^, rjp ripa IXev- 
ffepop fcal filf apxpp.€POP eLKorto^ irpo^ avropopLULP cnro^ 
arapra yttpcaawp^Ba, ;^a\e7rci>9 oiopeOa xpfjpcu ripAnpeir 30 



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298 TtiUlLVUIBSB* 

Xaaaetv Mu wpoKardkofAfiaveoff Sircip^ fifjS* €9 hritfomv 
TOVTOV MBO't, Kparrfaavraii te iri hr iXo^MToy r^ 

Bmriav ifi^dpuv. ^Tfietq Sit trtcdy^iga^ itrmf i» icai 
rovTo dfAafyraiHwr€ SXcWi TruSofuvou Nip fJMf yap 
Vfuv i S^i09 €V wiatu^ raii wokeauf ewav^ iarl, 
icai fl ov ^vcu^ioTWriu roii oXMyot^, ^ eiof fiub^^ 
ivapyti TOW a'troarr^cun irokipM^ eiOv^ iuu riy? 

10 avT$tca$ifrraps9Mj^ wokem^ ro irXi^of ^^iftai)(ap J%orr€? 
€9 iriiKcfAOv errepX'BO'Oe. El Si hw^SMpAn top htj§ui» 

ejret&ri re SirXjoiP €mpcpnf<T€v, itcoiv irap^Bc^Ke r^ frfyuv, 
irpSnov pip aBmTJff€T€ tov9 ^pyera/i tereivapre^, ewGora 

IB tcaraoTT^ere rok Bvparok r&p apOpiurmp & /3evXovT4u 
p,aKurra^ a^urripTe^ yap to,^ iroket^ rop hfjpjop evSit^ 
^p>p>a')(pp i^ovo'i, vpoBe^avTvw ip^p rifp avr^v ^fffUav 
roU T€ aZucowof op4)U^ Kwdai, km rok pt^* ^cT ie, 
Mu el ^Bycf}caPt pij irpociroKurda^ irra^, & pb&pop 

VifipZp en ^fipM^QP iari^ piq voKepMw ydpfjrau KaX 
rovro iroSX^ ^pt/^pirepoip ffyovfitu I9 ripf ica$^tp 
T^ apxjfy;, hcopra^ tipiaii oBucv^OijpiUt ^ Sixal»^ ov9 
p^ Set Sia^Oeipcu* k(u r6 KxJcopoq ro avro hitcatap 
K<u (ip^pop rry: r^itopla^ ov^ evpUrKetM h air^ 

^bBvpotop op apM ylypeaOcu, *Tp£U Se ypipre^ dftetpm 
raSe etpcu, kcu p^rfre ottertp irXicfP peipLapr&s peffr 
ewicucela, ow ovSe eyw €& wpoa-a/yea&fu, air auT&p 
Se T&p vapcuvovp^tov, ireiOeaOe poi MvrtXajpawp 0&9 
nip naj(fy: amreTrepy^ eo9 aBiKoupra^, Kpwat /ca$* 

th il<nr)(lap, roiri S' oXKa}V^ iqv ohcelp, TdSe yap e? 



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REVOLT OF CESBOS. 399 

W9 TO puXKap ayctffa sou roU iroKefUot^ ^^ ^ofiepa* 
Am^ yap €$ fiov\evenu irpo^ rov^ e^amiov^^ tepeta^ 
trmv €ffTtp 9 fter €pjtaaf t^ryyo^ avouf einmv. 

fvwft&p Tovrmv fioKtvra dprivaXMP Vflo^ akkqKof, b 
o! *A0irj[»am 9jK0tw pep h arfinm o/uk>9 t^ So^9> 
tuu efivovro hf r^ ^(etperrwif drjp^iofibaKoi, eKpam^c^ 
Si ij Tov AtoSoTov. Kat rpirjpff €v0tj^ oKXtfv dire- 
trreXKov Kara <nr^v&^f i^r^^ f^V <f>0aa-curr}^ rfj^ irpo- 
ripa/i evpaxn Bte^Oapfieptjv r^v ir6\iv • vpoelx'^ Si if 
^py^ tcm wktI fAoKurra. IlapavitetmaavTwv Sk r&v 
MvriKrivcUcop irpeafietov r^ mn olvov tuu dK^cra, tuu 
fseyaXa vwoa-ypfk&wp el ^Oatnuev^ ly&fer9 airovi^ rod 
-wkoS TSMMm;, cS^rc fiaOkov re Sjmi eKawovre^ oi,v^ 
Km eXai^ uk(pira trei^vpofiepa, /sai oi fiev wrvov is 
^povvTO Kara fiepo^;, oi Se rj\avpov. Kara rv^fv 
Si irp€VfiaT09 ovSevo^ evavrimOeproq, tcai rf}^ pyev irpO' 
repait vem^ oi airovS^ irXeova^ eni irpSfypa dXKO' 
KOTOP, ravTffi he rounmp rp6ir<p en-etyop^eprj^, 17 pip 
iif^aae roaovrop Saop Ila'xrjra apeypwKepoi ro ^n^ 93 
^i9pba fC€U fjteXXeuf Bpdaeip ra S^oypkcpo, 17 h* v<rrepa 
avrri^ emfcarrayeroi /ctu BisictoKvKre /ii; Sta^eipai* 
tiapa roaovrop pip tj MvriKriprj ffKJBe KipBvpov. Tov^ 
£' aXKav^ cofSpa^, ov^ 6 Ilayfj^ anrewepf^^^p m oItm)- 
rarov^ Sprev; rfjfi anro<rraffeto^, Kkee^po^ y^^P^ hterS^ 
<lp0€ipap ol *A0fiva2oi * ^aap Be oXlyip vkeiov^ ^»\ta»y. 
K(u MxniXrfpouc^p reijfrf KoJBeikop tcai pa{h wapeKafiop* 
"Tarepop Se <f>opop pep oiic era^ap Aeafilot^^ KXrjpov^ 
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300 THUKTDID18. 

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hcpdrow, Kot vw/jkovov iarepow ^Advpfcumv. Ta fj^ 
Kara Aiafiov our«9 eyetfero. 



XIILAMPHIPOLIS. (Lib. V.oc. 6-12. B. C.422.) 

'O Si KXe»p w airo t^ To/xivi79 Tore mpU^ 
vXevaep eni rijp ^AfA^liroXiv, 6pfJuifJL€if09 eic rrjfi *H$atfo^ 

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«)7roX€o>9» icdX tcare^lvero tropra avrdOof, &<rre owe &p 
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irpoaeSexero iroii^eip avrdp, en\ rijp ^Ap^voXiv, inrepr 
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irc&^a? irapiucdK&p, mKnurra^ tccu Unreal* /ecu Mvp* 
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hur)(bao^ fJbaKurra^ tuu Imrfj^ EXKrjve^ rpuucoaiot. 
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€9 'jreirreucodov^ Kcii j^lXIov^, oi i* oKXot hf *Afu^ir 
woXet fiera EXeap&ov erera^aro. *0 Se RK&ov reW 
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w cucopre^ avr^ ^vpffkdop, iuaOofjtepo^ top $povp, kcu 
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ovhm ovTe KaTa irvXa^ e^€i, KeK^ajfiepoi Te ffaap 
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ifutprew eSoKci* ikelp yap hp ttjp iroXxp Sia to 
ep^fbop, 'O Se BpaaiZcv; ev0v^ w elSe Kivovfiepov^ 30 
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802 THUKYDIDES. 

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5 6e€ar€f0V9 tha*, oi r^ vXriOu (canhraKa yitp ww9 
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TO Kpdrurrop), Ttxyjf 8« vape^/eevafyro hndtftropjom^. 
£l ffop Sti^ ToS? imirrioi^; to Te TrXaJ^ iuu Tijr 

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ao rpa^fifievov^ oXiycypelp, ^Oart^ Se to? rotavra^ dpMftrta^ 



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imHifAW rrfP enrix^ifn^tP woUtrtu fibfj ami rov irpotfxik' 
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OYO»V* ^AXKa fitfre ifkel^ fjMKoK^adrjfTe, opSnne^ ireplm 



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304 THUKTDIDBS. 

Sawv 6 a/ydv eortp, iyd re Bei^ ov frapatpda-M ob^ 
T6 &p fioKKov ToU irika^ ^ tcai ovw ^f^ 6ir^ 

*0 ii€V BpaaiBaf rotravra ehrw rrfv re i^oicv 

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yevofiepov aurov otto tov KcpSvKiov Korrafiapro^ /cei 
€¥ T^ 7r<lKei e7rKf>av€i owrp S^Oep vep\ iv iepop r^ 

io*A0fiva^ 0vofA€Pov tciu ravra irpaaaovro^, ajyeKKertu 
(wpovfcejdnpriKei yap rirre kcbtcl t^ $iap) in ij rt 
(TTparia chriura <f>av€pa r&p voKepMOP ip r^ voKei, Km 
vrm ra^ mXa^ vmrwp re voBe^ mXXol km apOpmmp 
€D9 i^iopTtDP inroifxupoprai, *0 Sc cueovaa/i ernlkffe* tcei 

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trfffuuveirP T€ ofia cKeKevep avwxmpffa'ip, luu wapi^ 
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p^pov olop T ^Vi virar/tw liri Trf; *Hm»vo9. */J9 8' 

floovr^ IhiK^i <r)(p\ri yi^pfea-BoL^ ovrot hrurrpe^ftcK to 
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Xeye$ Tot9 p^0* eaurov km T0Z9 oXAow &n **oi &- 

25 hpe^ iipm ov p^epovtTU AfjXjo^ Be t&p tc SopartSfP 
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pLCP w Tayurra dapaovpTe^^ Km o p>€P Kara rdf 

loeiri TO (rraupuDpLa ^nJXiw km to? irporra^ tov pMtp&t 



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AMPHIP0LI8. 306 

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KM TTip ToKfUMP ouTov eKTreirX/qyfjLmfOt^, Kara lUaov ro a 
arparwfia, rpiireu Km o KXeaplSa^, &<nrep etptfro, 
Sfia Kara ra^ Gp^ucia^ irvXaif hr^eXOw r^ arpar^ 
hre^iptrro. Uwefiti re r^ aSoKrfnp Koi i^am-lvi^ dfufxh- 
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Koi vpoKe)((»p7iKeif evdv^ mroppayep et^vye. Kai 6 
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n^rpiaxerai * km ireaovra avrov oi fjk&f *A0fivaioi ovk 
aHaddvovrtUf ol Se vKfjtriop apatrre^ dirrjiveyKap. To 
Se Be^wp r&p *A0rfvalmp ifieve pJaKKjov. KcH o /a€v ii 
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5*uxXi7rci>p ereXeuTTjae. Kai 17 aXXif <rrparia dpaf)(fopr^ 2fb 
86« 



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d06 TUU&XDiUAS. 

eaxuXeva^ luu rpmrmov Samfae* Jfrra Be rami vw 
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T^ tifiyrfp /A&XXov ff€p4ad<u, Mera Se rifp opoifWttf 

« o» fi€i^ ^' offcov am-eirXev&op^ oi Si fura tov EXeapiSev 



XrST. TREATY OP PEACE FOR FIPTY YEARS 
BETWEEN ATHENS AND LAKEDAIMON. 
(Lib. V. cc. 14-30, 22-24. B. C. 422, 421.) 

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FEFTT TBABS* TBEATY. 907 

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308 THUKTBIDES. 

trOai. S<f>a\€VT<»v Se avr&v cwt r^ jirjKuj^ vapaxpfjf^^ 
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votovpTOi Trpf eptavo-ufp lKe)(€i,plaPi ip 17 cSe* ^vpiopto^ 

Bteai Trepi rov irXeiopo^ j(p6pov fiovkeutaOau ^EveiSij 
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opTf^ ^avj^la^ KaT(uf>caf€(rr€po^ pa}fu^<»p ^ etptu xatcovp' 
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ao iroKiv Sieyepero, poiitfynv Ik rov okipSvpov tovto (v/ifial' 
p€ip KM SoTt^ €\dj(ioTa rvj(ff avTop irapab&c^iT^ to 
he okIpSvpop Tfjp eiprjprfp frapeyetPt HkeurrocLpa^ie xnro 
r&p exjBp&p SiafiaXKofiepo^ rrepi rrj^ koOoBov, km e9 
epOvfiiap roh AcuceSiufAOPioi^ a€i irpofiaXKoft^epo^ inr 

96 avT&p, oirore n TrrcUa-euiP, w But, rijp exeipov KaOoBop 
irapapofjuqOeurop ravra ^/ifiaipou T^p yap wpofjuurrtp 
r^ €P A€X(f>oU iiTf/Ti&pro avrop ireurM fier *Apurro- 
k\€ov^ rov aB€X(f>ov, &<rr€ yjpfjtTM AMceBcufiopioti^ eiri 
^roKu roBe 0€<opoU a<f>^KPov/jL€voi^, Aio^ vlov rj/uffeov to 

mairepfia €K t^ aXKorpla^ W rfpf eavr&p avMpipew, 



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ilPTY YEABS' TREATY. 309 

€» 8e ^t apyvpeif evXcuc^ eiXa^ip * XP^^ ^^ irporpe'^^tu 
701/9 AcuceBcufiopiov^ ^evyovra avrov 69 Avkouov hub iriv 
€K rff; ^ArrtKYf: wore fiera BdpdDv hoKovaav avay^p^aw, 
KM rjjuav T^ ohcia^ top Upov rore rov ^109 oheovvra 
^j3^ r^ AaKeioApLovuav, Sret CM09 Beovri UKotrr^ roi^ f 
o^loi^ XopoU fcai 0vci(u^ Karofyayeipp &<nr€p ire to 
vp&rop AoKeSaifjLOpa #rr/$binr€9 tov9 fiaaiKea^ Kadi- 
OTcano. ^Ax^o/iepo^ cvp t^ SuifioX^ ravrp, /uu popki^mv 
€P €^pr[pji piep ovSepo^ a^Xpuiro^ yiypofupov, teai afia 
r&p AaiuhaipLOpitop rov9 opSpa^ /cofA^^opipav, fchp avri^ 10 
T0Z9 ef)(0pot^ opeirtKvfirro^ etpiu, vokepuw Si fcaOear&TO^ 
aei apaffieqp elptu tov9 irpov^pPTiVi airo riv ^pul>op&p 
iiafiaXXeaOai, irpcvBvprf^Ori t^p ^vpfiaaiv. Em top tc 
X^ipMipa TOVTOP yeaap €9 Xoyov9, fcai irpo^ to eap ffiri 
vapcur/ceini t€ irpoeirapeaeiadri alio t&p AoM^cupLOpUnp^ 10 
vepuvyyeXKofiepri Kara iroXeiq (»9 eirl T€iy(J^P^^9 S^o)9 
ol *A0rfpa!ioi pLoXXop etroKOWHep^ tcai hreiZfj e/c t&p 
avpoSiop, SfUL 7roWa9 Bi/auda-ei^ wpoepeyxoPTfOP aW^- 
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SoPTo^ T171/ elprjprjp woieicOcUf NurauLP S* ^^^v ^ABtf- ao 
palov^ (aPTonrcuTOVPTfOP yap H\aTauxPt ol 0rffia2o^ e^O' 
aav ov Piif oXX' opboXoyla out&p irpoaxtopria'apTtap /ecu 
ov irpoBoPTotp, ej(€ip to x'^plop, xai ol *A0fjpa!iot r^ 
axrr^ Tpoirtp tt^p Nia'a44ip), tot€ Stf irapaKoKeaaPTe^ 
Tov^ iatrr&p ^vfipLa)(pv^ ot AaxehaipLOPLOi^ km '\p^<f>caa' 25 
p€P<DP, irXrjp BoceoT&p kcu Kopip0la>p Kol *E^mp koI 
Meyapewp, t&p aXXa>p mere KaTcCKueaOaA (^Tomovi Zk 
ovK ^peaKe Ta Trpa^raop^pay woMVPTai ttjp (vpfiaaip, 
KOI ea-TTCtaaPTO irpo^ tov^ AOtjpomv^ kg* Ap^taav, €KeU 
poi T€ irpo^ rov9 AcuceBa^p^piov^, roSe. 80 



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by Google 



310 THUKTDlDfiS. 

^Sirwia/f iwowpamo *A^paioi mu Aeuceitufi^pufi 
AMU ol ^fifAaf)(cc icmra TdB€, mi SfAoaat^ icofra woket^. 
Jlefi fAOf T&v MpAr r£y tcoivAv, dveip tau i^oi /ecu 
^Mnrrauco-Au tcai &^mpelr tcara ra warrpia rov /SovXi* 

f f/L€V0Vi iuu itara y^ ita$ tcarra ^dXaa^ru^, aSew* Ti S^ 
iepow Koi Toy P€mp rww ep A^K^kS^ rod * AnroKkiovf^ mi 
AeK^oiv^ airutfiiAOv^ etpoi icm mrrortkm ictu avroiueov^ 
tuu ovTttr Kmi rif: j^ r^ eairrm, teara ra mrput. 
"Etij $ff Aftu Tot <npmfBa(t ^ a n- ^wm rra *A^vaiott /tor 

It ro«r (vfAfiMjgMi9 TDK ^A$fpfaitn^ tuu AoKtSaiitMptot^ cot 
nm {ti^i^«a%ei9 toJc Aafe/^€UfU)fi&>p^ oUKihj^ tcai apka^ 

«^e<rrfl» iwuf>€peuf ini wrjfftov^ fujre AcueeSatftopiou^ mcu 
rovt (vfLftuiyw^ ifr ^Afifpfaiov9 /mm rov^ (vfifidjfox;^ 

i» /iifrc ^ABipmiov^ tuu TOtW ^fAfAo^fjOv^ iwi Aouc^aifiovum^ 
KM T0V9 ^vfifuifpvt:, fjkirn reyifrf ptffre fJi^mCP^ H^P^ 
^Hp hi T* iuu^pov xf 9r/M9 aX\^\9Cf9, hucai^ ypriaOei¥ 
9UH Sp/con^, KoB^ irt hp ^vpOtnmu. ^AttoBoptcdp Si 
^AOrpfcuoi/i AeuciimifAoptoi fcal ei 1^fifuv)(pi ^AfA^nroXiv. 

^ ^(hr(K he voKet^ "irapehoaav Aeuechaifiopiot ^A9fpfaloi^, 
6f^rr» dfirUpai inroi h» fiooKmPTOi, avrov^ leai ra &w^ 
TW exjmrra^* rcnf & iroKit^ ^>epov^a^ top ^pop top 
evr ^Apurreiiov mirrfwofuw^ etpcu. ^(hrXa Si /^ e^Vr<» 
€7rul>€p€ip ^Adffpolov^ fJi^rjSe rov^ ivfipi)(ov^ hfi kox^ 

fis oTToSiSapTc^p TOP ^pop, eir€$Sfi al oiropiM ^yepopTO. 
Elal Si oiSc, "ApyiXo^, STojctpo^^, "AkopOo^, JSfc&Xo^, 
"OfKwOo^, S'ToprrnXo^, Bv/ifuixpv^ S' elpcu p/qherdpiop, 
fjLTfTe AxuceSiUfxopl^v fAtfre *A0ffvauop' Pfp Si *A0fipaioi 
irelBwai to? 9roX€A9, fiov\o/Ji€P(t^ ravTa^ €^e<rn» (vfifior 

TX0V9 TTOielaOcu avTOv<: ^AOtfpaioi^, Mrj/evfiepfpolov^ H 



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FIFTT UlUUET TIEATY. 311 

mii Samuovt itai Sijya&xut olreSr rm woXs^^ raf iav* 

*A0fpxaloi^ Aiumia^fA^viai tuu ol f i^/m^ Ud^OKTOv. 

/m KvQi^fa nai MAi^nfif km XXreXcoi/ 4m ^AroKavniv, § 
/caX Toy? ivipoi, &rQ^ wi Ao^^a^koulmf hf *t^ Sg^/iMMr^ 
riiP ^AffifveUmp^ ^ SiJijf$l vot^ i<n^ ^AS^imot Sfxwww, 

/ciu M ri9 T&p ^fifia)(a>P t&v AaKfBm^jkWictv hf *A64vfu^ 
«rr«r iv r^ Stfftifkri^ ^ «XXofl/ itms ^ ^AQrivcuoh 
ipf)(pvaw9 cv Six/iM>cFfi|r« ^AwoBovrmv Si km Acuceiatr 

KM Tciv ivpkfkdx'SiiPf. KOfTCL TWTci SfCmVOUMI H KM 11 

Tf^pmmaiwv km Xepftiukion^ km c? tiva oXAsji' iroKuf 
ixpwrof ^ASfivtMH, *AdffifMovifi ffm^^jeveffOM irefH avrmt 
KM rmu a)iKmu 7roksw¥, i n av Sok^ ovroi?. "Q^kov^ 
fie iriM^cur^M ^A0ff»f€UQV^ vpo^ AaK^BaifLOiflotP: km 
''^<^^ ^/*/M^ot^ Kara iroXa^, 'Q/ii/iWov Bi top iiri'- ao 
xiptop SpKOP eKarepov top /Jbejiarop €^ eKooTf)^ irokeat^. 
*0 B* SpKO^ ea-rm ^ 'efJtfMfm to!? ^vpOt^km^ km 
raSfi qiropBak rokicrte BiKalo»9 km oBoKan* Earw & 
AMceBoifJUjvtoi^ km toU ^/Jtfiaxoi^ Kara raira opKo^ 
irpo^ ^AOrpfaiov^, top Se SpKOP dpapeova-OM kot iviavrav 21 
d^i^iOT€pov^, SrriKa^ Se <rrrf(rM ^OXufj^-taa-i km TJvOoi 
KM ^laOfi^ KM €P ^AOrfPM^ €P iro\£i, KM €P AcuceSoifiop^ 
ip ^AjuukXm/^, El B4 r$ afJunffMPOvaip oiroiepoiovp 
Kiii OTQV vep^ Xdyoi^ BiKMOi^ ;^/9C0Aft€Voi9 evopKOP elpM 
ctft^orepoi^ rauTff fierctBeivcu, oinf tiv Boxp dfjb(f)OT€poi^, aa 
AQfjpaio^^ KM AcuceBMfioploi^.** 



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by Google 



312 THUKTDIDES. 

"Apyei £e t&p avovBw S^po^ UXMaroKa^, Aptw^ 
jua-iov fi/rfvo^ rerafyrr/ ^Ivovro^, iv Se *A6rpnuii apj(w 
*AXtauo^, *EKcul>rjl3ci>u€ovo^ M^ ^^ ^Ivovro^. "Hfwv^ 
ov t\ o&e KM €inr€vSavTO, Aatc^iUfjtovimp fiep ItKeiovo^ 
6Xa9« AafAoyffTQ^f Xiovi^, Meraymnf^, "AjceaSo^t idoSOo^ 
*Ia")(fvjopa^; tiXox<otpiSa^, Zw^iBa^, "Avrtunro^, TdxXtf^ 
*A\ieiplS€K, *Efjnr^ia^9 Mffua^, Aajjy^CKo^, *A6^yai»v & 
otBe, Aifjuirwvt *I<rOfudpueo^, Nucia^p Aaxf^, EifBiiiifw^, 
Upo/rX^y IlvdoS^po^, ^Ayvmv, Mvprtko^f Opatrum)^^ 

16 Betvyevrj^, ^ ApurroKoimj^f 'Ji»Xjcio9» Ti/ioit^MiTT?* Amn^^ 
Aafiaxo^y AfffUxrOtinf^. 

ASt€u <u airapSai iyepopro reXetnwro^ rmi x^iftmpo^ 
&fui fip,. U AioviHrlmv eiOi^ tAp i^ucmp. mln&^ 
ir&p 8uiXJ0oPT<»p fcai ^fiep&p oklytinf vupepeytc ov irm p 4 

15 fl»9 TO irpwTOP 17 €<rpoMi ff 69 Ti^ ArTueqp teat if 
apyii Tov iroXepov rouBe iyepero. XicoiruTm ie rm 
Kara rov^ j(pdpov^, km p^ t&p iKa(nw)(pv ^ apyimmp 
Pi anfo np/fj^ ra!o^ ripf awapiOpnfatp r&p opopjprmp <9 
ra irpoyeyevffpepa arfpanp^prmp nrurrevirati fiaXXor. Oi 

90 fop axpufie: itrnv, oU km ap)(ppePQi% km pea-oviri, tm 
&rra^ hir)(ji rtp, eireyeper^ n. Kara Oeptf Se Mti 
^e^p&po^ apidpAp, &<nr€p yeypam^nu, euprftru cf i^^ii- 
<r€la^ exarepov rov epuwrov rifp Svpopw e)(pPTa^ Swhs 
pep dept), laov^ Be yetpSiva^ r^ m-pcrrq^ mXep^ TfB§ 

^ yeyoPTfpepov^, . . • • . 

Oi Be (vppaj(pi ep r^ AoKeBatpopt aurot ervjpof 
Spre^, KM airr&p rov^ pij Be^ojUpov^ ra^ awopBa^ hei* 
Xevop oi AaKeSMpoptoi iromaOax. 01 Be, r^ airf 
wpo^xurei rprep km to irpSnop wirewraPTO, ovk if^annm 

duBe^ao-OM, tjp ptj Ttpa^ Bucatorepa^ rovnvy VTMwmi* 



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by Google 



WPTY YEARS' TREATY. 813 

VI9 S' airr&p ovtc eari/covov, hceivov^ pip airetrep/^v^ 
wrrot Sk irpo^ rov^ *A0ffvalov^ ^fAfiax^ hroiowro, 
POfU^ovre^ UKurra hv a^ur^ rov^ re *Apyeio\/^, eTreiZrf 
ewe ffieXov ^A/Am-eXlBov luu Ai^ov ikOdvrtov ejrunriv 
hetrQtUt vofitcayre^ avroif^ avev ^A6r}vaitov ov Seivov^ b 
elvoi, teal T^ SXkf}P UeKoirovvriaov fiAiKuTT hv rt<nr)(ar 
l^sip* irpo^ yap Ay tov? *A0fjpcuov^, el e^ijv, x^P^^^* 
Jlapivrap oZv trpeafietop cnro rSnf ^Adrfpaiap, kcu yepo- 
pmnidiP yJnywPf ^twefii^av, kcu eyepopro Spieo^ km ^ppa* 
yjM fjSf) tearra roBe. 10 

*'Bvpp4ixp^ ScoPTCU Aa4C€8aipiptoi veprriKOPTa enj. 
THv Z4 rum Iwrw €9 t^i' yffP 'iroXepMi t^p Aok^cw 
pnQipinp Koi KOKW iroi&a-i AatceStupoplov^, axfyeXeip ^AOff^ 
palov^ AatuBoipopiov^ rpoTrtp oiroltp hp Svptaprcu l<rj(vpo' 
rar^ scara to Svpotop. ^Hp Se ifffoaopr^; oi^x^p^oa^ is 
woKefUap elpiu ravnfp r^ 'iroXip AaKcScupoploi^ km 
AOnpniioi^ KM KMcm ircuryew uiro dpAfxyrepiop, KaraXuup 
$€ ipa afufno rco TroXee. Tavra £^ elpM BuccUm^ km 
vpodvpm^ KM aZo>M9. Km ijp npe^ €9 rijp *A0f)pal4op 
yrpf M9at voXepiot km kmcw iroi&o'iP *A0fjpalov^, co^- 90 
Xeip Amc^Bm^opIov^ rpoinp Xrip itif Bvptopnu i<rj(vpoTaT^ 
Kara to Svparop. ^H,p Se Br/ia'apTe^ o«;^i»i/TCMy TroXepuip 
elpM TMrnfp rrfp woKiP AoKeSMpopiot^ km ^AOtjpmoi^ 
MM KMcm TTcurxetv xnr ap^fuyrepmp, KaraXveip Si apa 
apAfxo ra> irokee. Taxha S' elpM, hucalm^ km irpO'u 
6vpm^ KcH aBokoa^. ^Hp Se ^ BovXela enapurrfjfTM, 
mucovpelp *A6f)PMoy^ AcuceBcupoploi^ irMni adepei, kotcl 
TO Svptprop, *OpovPTM Si ravra otwep km ra^ oXXo? 
avopSit^ cippvop hcaripo^p. *Apap€ova0M Se Kar 0/4- 
avi^p AcueeScupopiov^ pep Ioptcp: e? ^AOrflfa^ irpo^ ra ao 
27 



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314 TSDKTDIDXS. 

jdiopva-ia, *A&ffpgIou^ ^ Iwrm is Aa^Sal^pa Vfit 
ra *Taxtp0UL XTTJKffw & itcarepav^ arifaaiy rrp^ fthf 
ep AoK^alfJLovt Trap* ^Airdkkewt hf *AfM/KXai^, t^ 
Se €v ^AOtfpavi iv iroXju vap ^AStfi^ Hv Sc ta 
• ioK^ AcucebcufJumuHfi tcai ^AOrpfmoPi vpocOmfoi mi a^- 
\w irefi Try: (vfifu»)(ia(S, Z ri &if fioicy» wopKOP i^i^orc- 

"top Si Zpicov ipwop AoKeSaifiopmp pht cSSe, H^an^ 

CTodpo^, "Ayt^, nXeurr^Ka^, AapM^/ffto^t Xiapn^ MerA* 

10 7^^» "AkovOo^, AaXOo^, ^lajatvyopa^, ^Xox^nipiSa^, Zev* 

{S£Sa9> ^A p T i wn'i^t *AXjupaia/9, TeKKnf, ^Ep/ireUaii, Mipfa^, 

Acu^iKo^, *A0fjpalmp ii Aapvnp, *I^p4ovueo^ -^^hfff^* 

rtko^, OpaavKXSji, Seayepfis, ^Api^roscp^fr^f *LiXtuo99 
U TipoKparri^t Atwp, AdfAajfo^, AfffiLOcfi&ni^. 

Airtf ri ^pfAoy^ia eyevero p/9Ta ra^ mroieSa^ ov 

ireiXX^ varepop, icai rov^ a/Spa^ rot^ ie r^ pijaav 

anre&ocap oi *AOfpHiioi reh Acue^Mpopioi^, i^ to 0€pog 

flpX^ Tov epSexarov frov^. Taira Si ra Smi erf • 

10 irpm-09 TToKep^a^ (vpex^ y€P^p>epoq yeypwimu. 



XV. BATTLE OP MANTINEIA. (Lib. V. 
cc. 64-74. B. C.418.) 

AaKeZoLfjLopioi Se avaKapopre^ tou9 irapopra^ ^Apm^ 
hop ^vp^fjbdxov^ iaefiaXop e? rifp Moprufucrjp, km crpt^ 
roireSeua-dp^epoi t'/>09 t^ 'HpoKXel^ eS^jovp rvpf yffp^ Oi 
5e ^Apyeloi kcu ol ^p,p>a/xp^» ^ etSop avrov^, xarakt^ 



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BATTU OF BCANTINEIA. 315 

PipT€^ ympiw ifw/Av&w mi BvtnrpocoSap wmpera^twro 009 
69 fJM'Xfiv. Km Qi AoK^aifioviot evBv^ airoU erriea'tuf * 
KM fii'xpi fietf TJdcv Koi okovtIov fioT^ ex/ipv^av* 
ejTCira r&p wpe<rfivT€p»v rt9 '^Ayiii eirefiofja-ep, opAv 
vpo^ Xoopiop Koprepop linrras <r^>a^ &rt Suofoelrai mucov f 
KOK^ IcurOcu, SnffK&w t^ i^ "Apjiw^ IvmrUv iofayfaf' 
prf(T€m% rifif wapovaav itccupw vpoBvpMV apaXa^^^v 
fiovXofjkonpf etviu. *0 fie, e2re km &a to eirifiai^fut, 
6?Te K€u auT^ oKKo r$ ^ icara to cbvjv So^av i^al' 
4nnj^» troKjv to arpireviiia Kara Ti)(p% irpiv (vptfu^tu, 10 
anrffye. Em au^i^icop^epo^ irpo^ r^ Teyeariv to vBf»p 
i^^TpeTrof €9 T^ MavTtvuciqp, trepl ovTrwp, tf9 to groXXa 
pKonrrovTo^, oiroripwr^ hv eairlrmf, Mcuniptji^ km Tc- 
yearcu iro\efwv<riv, ^E/SovXero 8e tov? oiro toO Xoifufv 
fioffdowTO^ eni t^ to5 l^aT09 etcrpoTrrjiP, eneiSav ttu- w 
OavTcu, xaTafiifiaacu tov^ ^ApyMV^ km tov^ {v/i/ui- 
;(0t;9» KM €P T^ ofJLoK^ TTfp fjutj(fiv iroieiaOM* km 
o p,€P TTfp ^fiepMf Tovnjp fbtipoi mrrov wepi to vS<»p 
eferperrep* 01 Apyeto^ km oi ^/ifui^oi to fUp 
TTp&TOP, KaTafrXayepTe^ t^ i^ okiyov cu^ilblfp ovt&pso 
dpa'^ODpi^a^h ovK et^op S Ti ehcacmcrw. EItOh, e^retS^ 
dpaj(apovpTe^ eKelpol Te aweKpuyjriip koI offtek ^oi^o- 
^op KM OVK emfKoXovOovp, ipTovOa tov^ eavr&p arpa 
Tffyov^ aZdi^ €P MTia el^oPt to t€ irpoTepop koKjoo^ 
Xrf<f>0€PTa^ frpo^ "Apyet AoKeSaifWPiov^ d<l>€0ripM, kmk 
pvp OTi atrc^iZpcuTKOPTO^ oi^w hriZi^Ke^ oKKa koJB^ 
^ov)(^iap ol pip aw^opra^ o-^K Si wpo&iSoPTM, Ol 
fie (TTparffyoX eOopvfirfitfaap /i€V to ircipauTlKa, iirrepop 
ie cnrajovaip ovtow otto tov \o<f>ov, km vpoeXjOopTe^ 
£9 TO ofidXjop e&rpaToweheviraPTo ©9 «orr«9 hri TotWao 
iroXefJuov^, 



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31& THUKTDIDES. 

Iff varepauf ot re Apyeioi km oi ^pLfiajflk 
(wera^avTO, ci? efieXKov fUi'xeurOai, ^p irepirv^faatv 
oL re AoKeioAfJLovMi^ ario rov vSaro^ vpo^ ro *Hpdr' 
Kkeiov iraKxv €9 to auro oTparorreSov tovre^, op&a^ 
B Si* oXlyov roi;^ hfcanlov^ ev rafyi re ijSrf Travra^ kcu 
a'TTo rov Xo^v 7rpoe\f)\v0ora^. Md>u<rra Bij Acuce^ 
Saifidvio^ €9 8 ificfiinjvro, ev rovr<p r^ icaxp^ i^eirkd- 
ytfaav, Aia ^paxeuK yap fieXKria-eto^ f) irapcurKevri 
avTols eyiyvero * kcu evOv^ xnro crrovhfji^ KoOurravro 

10 h Kocfiop rov eavr&p, "Ayiio^ rov fiaa-tXeoi^ tKourra 
e^ffyovfiepov Kara rov vofMv, BcuriKeo)^ yap ayovro^ 
inr hceivov iravra ap^erai,, km roU /jl€v woXefiap^oi^ 
axno^ K^pd^ei ro Seov, oi Se rol^ 'Ko')(a^oh» hcelvoi, he 
T0Z9 irevniKovrrjpiruf, avOt^^ S* ovroi rol^: €V<DfAorap)(ai^9 

IB KM ovrot T^ evdffiorla. Km al rraparfyiKaev;, ijv ri 
fiovXtovrM, Kara ra aira jfCDpowrt km ra')(e2at errep' 
j(pvrM* (ryehov yap n irav, irXrjv oTuyov, ro arparo^ 
ireSov r&v AaKeBMfxovlcDV apx^^^^ ap^ovrtov elal, koI 
ro errifieXe^ rov Sptofievov wd^^'k irpoa-rj/cei. Tore Be 

M Kepa^ fi€v eifdwfJLOv ^KiplrM oA/rol^ KaOurravro, aei 
ravrqv rifv ra^tv fiovoi, AaKeZaifiovuov em <r^S>v avr&v 
e^ovre^ • irapa S* airrol^ ol etri GpoKij^ BpcuriSeioi 
(TrpariarrM, km NeoSafmBeix: {ler avr&v eneir rjBrf 
AaxeSMfuivioi avrol e^ KaOtaraa-av rox;^; Xd'^pv^, km 

86 Trap' avrov^ ^ApKaioDV ^Hpaii^^, fbera Se rovrov^ Mcu" 
vdkiot, Kol efrl r^ Be^i^ Kepa Tey€arai koa AaxeSai- 
fiovlcov oXlyo^ ro ea^aTov expvre^, Koi ol ImnJ? 
avTciv e<^ exarepfp r^ Kepa. Aajcehufjiovtot fiev ovnay^ 
era^avro* ol 8' evavrloi avroU, Be^uiv fiev Kepa^ Mav^ 

10 rivry; el')(pv ori ev r^ eKelvtov ro epyov eyiyvero, vapa 



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BATTLE OF MAlfTTINEIA. 317 

oi %£\coi XoyaS£9» of? ^ voKl^ e9 ttoXXov aaieqaiv r&v 
e? roi/ woKefwv SrifJLoala ircLpaf)(e, km expfiepoi aur&v 
ol oKKoi ^Apyeioh /ecu fier avT0U9 ol ^fifia^o^ aur&v, 
KKemvoM^ fcai ^Opvearcu, eiretra ^AOrpfCuot €aj(aTOi, § 
TO eutiwfjLOP K€pc^ ^ovre^, km hnrfi^ fAer avr&v ol 
oiKeio^. 

Td^i^ pip IfBe KM vapaoTKewi apj>onripwp fpf, to Z\ 
arpanroireSop t&p AcuceSMpopuov peifyp e^cani. *Apir 
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318 THOKTDIDIS. 

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St i^Jyov mKoff ffifdel^av wapaivetnp. Kai /*en 

Hravra ^ fipoSoq ^r, ^Apjeioi |ca» xai ol ^if$ftajfjH 
hnipm^ mi opj^ x^ospouprtt, AtmeSatfiopuH Si fift^ 
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avrSnf ev rai^ ^upoSoi^ fioKKop e^Owrcu, teai irepp^ 

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iDToi/Tf;? o 7rp(oro(rrami^ rov Se^tw t€(spoK, irpafivfjui^ 



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BATTLE or ICAITTINEIA. 319 

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^fnm teat i^eafcop €9 ra^ dpui^, teat t&p wpeafivreptttp 80 



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320 THUETDIDSS 

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» <f>0dpf)<rap, T&p ie ^ApyeUs/p XoyaBcop to voXu €<r»^« 



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SICILIAN EXPEDITION. 821 

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irv0e<r0M, eXeyovro Be irepi rpuueoaiov^ dnroOavelv. 



XVL DEBATE AT ATHENS ON THE SICIL- 
IAN EXPEDITION. (Lib. VI. cc. 8-26. B. C. 
415.) 

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palcov vpea^et^ fJKOV he rfy; SiKcXla^, km ol Eye' fo 
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ttriceaOM ire/jtirecv, Kai ol ^AOrjvaloi €KK\rfai,av iroiri' 



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3S3 TBGKfBmEM. 

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fieyc^v epjov, l^aBai^ trcLp^KJOi>v dircfrpei^ai ifiw* 
Xero, mi frapjjpet tow *A0fjvcuoi^ roiaZe. 

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K&v 6 TotovTO<; mi to, t^ 7ro\€a>f B^ iavrov fiovXjotro 



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8FBE0H OF HKIAS. 823 

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woXefuotn v»XXov9 €v$ihe' iirok^iivTa^, leai irepov^ 
int^BvpbWf ixeSae wkevarnvra^, SeOpo eTrc^yayecOa^ Kcu 10 

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Bwapip Xa^iep, oirep vCv <nrevBop€p, fc(u irauv &p 
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pa^avro ^ppaj(pv^ yevecOai, Iv r^ irpiu "j^povtp. "Hare 88 
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324 THUKYDIBES. 

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ovvv expwri^ tcai Iri &v fjacov Setpol ^fuv yepeaSeu^ 
€t apfyuof ain&v Svpateoa-toi • iwep oi ^Eyearaloi fuir 
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€u^ ap^ffP em apj(i/v <rrpar€wrai * ^ yap &» '^pi^f 

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el hei^avre^ TTfv hvva^v i£ oklyov atreXBoipjev • ei 

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SB T&v, irpo^ & e(f>offela'0€ to irpSnov, trepiyeyevfja6iu» 
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TO? Siapoia^ KpaTTfaavTO^ Oappeiv * firjBe AaxeScufiopicvi 
oXXo Ti ^ytjaaa-Ocu ff Bia to aiaypov ctcoireiv, qt^ 

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SPEECH 07 KIKIAS. 325 

v^^€pov cmperre^ eS Bi^aovrcu, Sa<p mL 7r€pt TrXeArrov 
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ttvT&¥ \iyov^ fLovov trapatr)(pp,€ifov^, ^ KaTopOtacatrra^ 
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trapMvei vfuv €K7r\elv, to iavrov pyovov aKoir&Vt aXXa>9 it 
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JiHf>€\f}0^ Tt €K T^9 ^PX^> /Al/Se TOVTtp Cpm-OpcurXT/Te 

T^ Tfj^ ir^keco^ KivSwtp IBI^ iXXafJuirpwea-OM, vofjUaare 
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K€\euop4U pjff KaTa4><T')(yV0fjlVM, €V T^ T*9 'irap€LKa07)TM » 

T&vSe, Sttc^^ p>ri So^ei, &tf p,ri '^<f>i^fjTM TroXep^ip, fAa- 
XoKO^ elvact p/tfi* Sirep hv avrol wdOoiev, hvaipaoTO^ 
tHwM T&v diroPTOiv, yvdvra^ Sti, hn,6vp,la pkv ekdxtora 
KorropOovvTMt irpovoia he irTyjela-Ta, aXK xnrep t^9 Tra- 
TpiBo^, ©9 pJyuTTOv S^ T&p iTplv KipBvvov avappiiTTOV' ao 
S8 



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826 THUKTDIDBft 

tn/^9 OMfTcxiBtpcrj optiv^ teal ^ltff^l^€^(u rov9 ficy Sue^km* 
ran ounrep vvp Spotn yp^fUifQivn trpon 17/M199 ou /m^ 
iTToZ?, T5J Te ^lopuf /coKir^ irapa ytjpf ^ t«9 ^rXa;, mm 
nj» ^weKucf &a 7re\cp]K>v?, rci airrifv vefio^Upovn koS* 
B airovn ictu ^fMtf>€pi€<r6m$ * roi? £' ^Eye^raioin iSlf emo^ 
^eifi^ oi^eu ^AOr/tnmv icmi (uvfpfraaf irpon SeXtPowrlovn 
7^ irp&TOv vikefunf, /bierci o^^fii' ovrAr tcm Kwrdkuea-fiiu * 
ittu 70 Xavirov fvfifiat)gov9 /t^ ireMeSr^oi, iowep emdo' 
p^(gp, oh komS)^ ikof irpa^oMrtir aiMnnAikev, i»j>eKiaH S' 

teovTot ietiOiprei ov rtv^fist&ts. Km o^ & irpu ram ^ 
ravra ettrep ijyef 0-0$ irpeirriKttp terfBeirOal re t^ to- 
Xea>9, /nu fiovKei ya^Oiu mXinjn ayaOon, enfy^ii^H^ 
Kcu ffif^iuvi 7rpoTl$€i aZdtn *A0ffvaio4n, vopUa-an, h o yiyfap 
Sm TO dvof^frrf^ia-cu, to fjiep XuetP Toti9 vopttw^ p^t /^Mra 

Ik Toa&pS* &v fiaprtvpmf alrlav <Tj(Af, rfjn Se iroKemn [in»- 
ic£9] fiavKeiHrafiepiffn iarpon &v y€V€trda%, mi to /emkm 
ap^ai tovt' elvat, S9 tip rijp irarptBa mif>€Kriajf m vXti^ 
ara ^ €fcci>v elvat p/rfiev pKan^r 

*0 p.ep NiKian Touwra etire* t&p Si ^AOffvaimp irw 

n ptovre^ ol p^ev TrXetoroe OTparevnp nraf^jvmjv wei t«i 
h^ri^urp^va p^ 'kuHp, ol Se rtvcv KeH aprekeyop^ ^ISptffe 
Se TTpoffvpoTara tt/p drparelap ^AXKifiiaSff^ i Kketwo^t 
povXipepo^ T^ re Nucla epoprtovaOai, i^p ml e? r^UXa 
hd<f>opo^ Ta iroXiTMa, ml iri, aurov SiofioXM^ €puni<r0ff, 

SB Kcu p^Xiara OTpaTrjyfjaal re emffvpAp, xai ikwi^wp 
SiK€\iap re St avrov kcu Kapyrfiopa Xrj^^ai, /ecu Ta 
tSia cip^ evTtrxria-a^ XP/Atoo-/ re mi Sofy co^X^ovii^. 
flv yap €P a^i^part info t&p dtrr&p, TaU e/rtOvpuat^ 
p^el^oatp fj KaTOL rtiP vrrap^owrap ovalav iyjprfro en re 

10 Ta^ l7nroTpo<f>la<; xai ra^ aXKa^ Sofrrdvan ' Sirep mi 



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SPEECH OS idUEEEBIADES. 397 

m^ZXjy i^r€p<m rrpf rSay *A0ffpai(ov iroKxv oi^ ^kuttOt 
^fivfiiwre^ jap aurov ol mXXol to fiejeOo^ rfy: r« 
Kara to iaurov a'Afia irapapofua^ e9 r^ Suuratf, mi 
TTj^ hayoiofi &v itaA* ^ 2iMo*roii» h &np jlyvovro; 

^Tuanp^ mi SiffMO'lf Kpwrurru SiaOarri ra rov iroXJ" 
fmm^ iStf icoTTM roh iwifnjBeVfMaw airw dj^deaOane^^ 
/us aXXon itrvrpi^^^ufTe9% oi 8ia fjuucpov ir(fyfjiXau r^ 
TrAoTr Tart S' oSy- wap€li£iiw rok ^AOrfucUtm irofrgv^i, 

TOt OM* 10 

ip)gstp (awpof yap hiT€v6ey ap^offOoi, hrsiS-i^ fjLov 
Nmia/f mffirpfraro), mi a^^ ofAa vofu^» ehcu. *£!» 
yap Tripi emfidfird^ tifH, to!? fjiip irpoyovov: /jiWJ mi 
ifui iofttif ^€pu TauTOi r^ Si ira/rplBi mi i<l)e\uuK is 
€)i yap ^EKkajpt^ mi inrep Buvofup fii^l^w tjfjL&v rrp^ 
wJkuf ardfMia-a» r^ ef/t^ BiOftrpeTrei r^ ^Okupnrlal^e Betapi^ 
offi irporepov eKirl^vre^ avTTjv Korenren'oXepajo'dah Bwri 
Sf^Mora piu eirra tcaSfpcOi S<ra ot/Sc^ in^ tBuarrf^ trpore" 
pep^ iptterfo-a ie mi ievrepo^ mi rerapro^ €y€pdp/fjp, mi ao 
TtUXa c^im9 rifi vuer^ wapea-ieevaa-ap/rpr. Nop>^ phf 
yap TijiHi TO TtMOtrrai Ik he rov Bpe»fA€Pov mi Bvvor 
fU9 Sifia vwopoemu. Kai &ra av ep r^ iroku X^^PV' 
yiai^ ^ a^X^ Ttp 'ktipm'pvuofuu, rok phf darcSq ^Oa- 
vemu ^uo-fift, 917009 Be rov? ^euotf^ mi airrrj urjiu^^ 
^edvera*. Kai ovm &)(pV^^^ ^ ^ atwut, ^ av toU 
ifiiM? reKetn ^ eavivv fUvop, oKKa koX ttiv itoKiv 
m ^Xff , OvBe ye oBucovi e^ 6<wt^ 9^^ (f^poyovvra 
/•^ iaov Ahu, hrei teal .K€ue&9 vpaaccop irpos avBepa 
r^ (vpuffopof laop>oipei' dXXJ &aw€p SvarvxovPTe^ ov30 



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828 THUKYDroES. 

trpotrayopevofieOa, ht r^ o^JLoup ri^ cwe^eaO&f xtu wo 
r&p evTrpayovpTCOv vir€pil>povovfi€PO^, ff ra taa vi^uvp 
TO iy/iia amafiovTCD. OlBa Se tov9 TOU>VTov^t «u 
Savi ep Ttvo^ Xa/Lwr/jon/TA irpo^aypp, hf /a€v t^ icar 
6 avTOV^ I3up Xuinfpov^ ovra^, Tot9 oyyolov: fiev fuSbuarOg 
iirevra Si /cai roi^ aXKoi^ ^wovra^, r&v Si eireira ay- 
dpcmtov wpoawolfjalv re ^vyyeveia^ ruri mi /*^ ovaap 
icara\nrovT(K, /cat ^ &v &a-i varplSo^, ravrp avj(fjatp, 
c»9 ov irepi aXXorpimv, avS* dfAapTovnov, oKX^ m vcfi 

10 a-^erepiov re mi mKa Trpa^airrtov. ^tlv eyco opeyofievcfit 
KM SuL ravra ra iSia emfioo^fjLevo^, ra Sfffioa-ut trKow^re 
€1 rov xeipov iJLera')(€i,pl^<o. UekoTTOwqaov yap ra Simor 
rinara ^varriaa^ av€v fiteyoKov ifjuv KUfSwov mi Sanr^r 
Vffii AoKeSacfMovlav^ h fuap ^fiepaif tcareoTtfca of Ma^ 

Kriveuf vepl r&v anravrodv a/ymvia-aa-Oa^ • ef ov iou 
v€pi/y€vofjb€iH>t r^ fJMj(ff oiSdirm mi vw fieficuta^ dap^ 
trovai. Kal ravra 17 epij veonj^ mi Svoia irapa ^vov 
SoKOvaa etvM €9 rifp HeKoiromnialmv Svpo/up Xoyot^ 
re TTpen-ovavv ifJuKrfae, mi opy§ vUrrw 7rapa<rj(afiGffi 

90 eireta-e mi vvv fMJ veffyofirjcOai avrrjv* *AX^ ^09 eym 
re erv cucpAfy^ fur avrfi^ mi 6 Nucla^ evrvj(il^ Soicei 
etvai, am-oj^pTfa-ao'de r^ hcarepov ^fi&v oi)<f)€Xlf, Kai 
rov €9 rrjv XtKeXiav irTuovv p/ij perayiyvwaicere i^ enrl 
peydXfjv Svvap4V eaop^evov. "OyXjoi^ re yap ^vpLpXicroi^ 

25 iroXuavSpowriv al woKei^, mi paSuK e^pvai r&v iroX^ 
rei&v Ta9 p^erafioXa^ mi etnJSo^a^* Kai oi6ei^ Si 
turro, C09 Trepl ohcela^ varpiSo^, ovre ra irepi iv oAfM 
SttXo^^ e^prvrai ovre ra ep r^ X^P9 ^op^ptoi^ xare^ 
€ric€va2^' o n Se ixaarost ^ ex rov Xeymv welSew 

s^eSercu $ aTa<na^<op airo rod KOtvov Xafiow aXKa^v y^, 



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SPEECH OF ALEIBIADES. 329 

uj) KarropOda-a^, oueria'evv, ravra eroifAo^erai. Ktu ovk 
eheo^ Tov toiovtov Sfukov oSre Xoyov /uf yv(ofj/rj oKpoSr 
crOcu, oirre €9 to epya koivA^ rpeirea-Bcu* Taj(y B* 
Av CO? iuuiTOi, el T* KoO* ^Sovf/v \eyoiTO, wpoo^»- 
poUp, aXkt&9 T€ mi el araaui^ova'iv, wnrep vrwOor 6 
v^fieOcu Kai fMJp ovS' oTrXiroi ovt hcelvoi^ Saoi irep 
icopmovvTCUt oUre oi aXKoi ^EXKofpe^ Bieifxivrja'av ra^ 
owroi Spre^ Saoi icaaroi a^w avrot;^ ^plOfiovv, oKKa 
fUyurrov Sri avrov^ e^^^eua-fievff 17 *£XXa9 fJLoki^ hf r^Se 
T^ voXefup Itcavm wrXiaOtf. Td re ovv heel, e^ &p eyii> 10 
OKO^ cua-Odvofuu, rouKUTOt kcH St$ Mropdrepa e<rr€U* 
fiapPipov^ re yap voXKov^ l^fiep, A 'SvpcucoaUdv fUae$ 
^xjveirtBr^avTiu airroK* tciu to hfOaSe ovk en-unaiKuaei, 
Ijp vfieli op0&^ fiovXei/rfcOe. Ol yap trarepe^ ripAy 
T0V9 avrov^ rotrrov^, ovawep vvp if>aai voKefuov^ wroXei- 16 
TTOPTO? &v i7/ia9 irXehf, teai trpoaen rov MvjSov e)(0p6v 
ixpvre^, rrpf dpj^ etcrqaamo, ovtc oKKtp r&vi ^ t^ 
TreptoviTuf rev vavrucov \tr)(yovTe^. Kai vvp oire dvehf 
irurrol irw fioXXov UeKoinwvTfaun e? i^/Aa? eyeiwvTOp 
dr re MU waw ipptovroi* to pikp h ttjp yfjv ^fA&p^o 
icrfioKKeiv, lAu fAfj hcTrXewrtDfiev, licavol elah r^ Be 
vavTue^ OVK tiv Bvvaiino pKanrreiv* vvoKoim'OP yap 
ripup etrnp aprvrrtiKop povtucop. ^ilare rl &p Xeyopre^ 
elia>^ ^ avTol diroKPolfLep, ^ vpo^ rov^ eKel ^iipMr 
ypv^ ciCfprTOfiepot fi^ /3orf0olfAep ; Oh xp^dp, €7r€«S^9S 
ye fuu ^vptofJLOtrafjLev, eira/AVpeip, koi p^ oprvrideva* in 
oiSe exelpoi ^pip. Ov yap ipa Bevpo dp7&fior)0&a^ 
wpoceOep^eOa (tvrov^, oK^ tpa rdii eieel exfipol^ rjfi&p 
Xuinjpol Spre^ Bevpo KwKufoavp axrrov^ eirtepai. Trjip 
re dpyifp oSro»9 e/cTffcdpxBa teai rip^eh /cdi Sao^ S^ao 
38« 



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by Google 



390 THUKTMDBfl. 

oXXm ^p(ap, irmpayi>pf0f*epo$ wp^Ovfm^ roh act /Siif 

(oMy iroirrev ^ ^ihOKpivoUu oU XP^^ fitnjOAf, fipay(y 

«r T$ irpo^iCTCituifOi ovr^ Trep* airifi &p vairffi /taXXor 

ff Kivivp€vo$fika^ Tw jap irpovjpnna w fkdp^v eirUifTa 

TH ofitwerai, aXXa icai /m^ jrin09 ewuai irpo/covtlXd^ 

Bdarofuw, tok ^mp €ir(i8o«^4Mii>^ t»v9 ^ f^ ar»o<ai> 

ioSm TO apxOijiV€U hv v^ ertpmP a&roif xlifiupo^ <tiifN» 

6i /EM^ ovToi oXXoii/ Sp)gHfi€y. Klu CMC im nA mirov 

rei iirvnfievfjLOfra €9 ro 6f£oiov ^Aerdkrf^fttaOe. Aoyh' 
^ofjbcpo^ eip raSe fioKKov ai^riaetp, ew isesimi tjp Im/mp, 

<rc»iiU¥ n ^popripLO, €$ hc^op^ey vw^p^ovre^ r^v cy r^ 
irapovTi fi<nr}(iav tcm eiri SimAuw irXev<ra$ * tern ifia 
if rfJ9 *E\KaBo^, r&v hoA 7rpo<ry€POfUuiov, trcunf^ r^ 
€MMrri ap(oft£if, ^ loebicoi^'opdy ye Svp€uto<riov^, er ^ 

»Km aifoi icai ol ^vf^Aa)(ot i^rnkqaof^Ba^ 1% Se oo-^o- 
X€9t ^ fi€i/euf, rpt T$ 'rrpo&j(i69pf, tcai airekOeWp <u pije^ 
TTope^otM-i^ pmv/epirrope9 yap i<yipb€0a mi ^ftmJam^v 
SitceX^mrAv. Keii plri ifw n Nwioi0 r&p Xoycvp am-pOf 
yp^^aivfi §cai hwrroitn^ T0Z9 v4w^ e9 rotW irpeafivri' 

^ pov^ dwoarpeylnft r^ $€ umOort fcotrpup, Acnrep- m 
ei warr^pe^ ripAv &fka veoi yepairepopq fimkeiovrci €? 
rai9 fjpay airdy kos vw tjJ air^ rpiittp mipmrfiii 
TTpoayayeiif r^ irikw, icai vcfUaatre vtorvfra pm §tti 
yfjptv; ai^€U aXXi^7<MV /iM/Ser hwa^cut ofmv & ro ft 

K'i^vkov /MM 70 piaov tuu TO VOW aKpil3i9 itv fvjKpaf^ 



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SECOND BrHBOl OF NIEIA& 831 

Tfiiil^ta0ai t€ avrijip ^re/^i ovrrfif, &<nr€p teai oXXo Th 

v^tt Si cui ^poakfp^^tvSm re ripf ifinre^noi^, km li 

Ihtfiiwatt re yvfpmaiom irokkv p^ anrpayffua^ rA^furr 
i» /AOf ho§eSv inrpw^fiMo^ivffi ittrafit^ Sm^)fi0fnpHU, 
Km t£v iiSpinnm itr^xiki^rarm r^vrov^ oicslv, A Av 

^Mi^p p gw vokvreiman^ m 

ZWavra /lar o *AkKifiutir)t threv* Ol S' 'il^ 
miSm iteowrmnt^ iwilwo^ re jmu rAr ^Eyearmimtr luH 
Ae^ptivmi^ ^vjdSmp, A 'irapiKSwre^ iStorn re /eai 
r«ir opiclmv inropi^ixififprmvre^ i/cerevott fioffSfjaiu <r^/tri^ 
TreXX^ /mWoi/ ^ irpcrrcper mpftftfirfo arpareieu^. Km \$ 
a riuuofi ffVQV% er» a9r» ^der rwif avrmw Xoyew ovm 
Sk^ St§ o9ror/>rifpeM» wapaaMmnff Si tf^Jfiet, e! ve\Xi^ 
hrtnrdfttfy rax ^ /Mr«im^eiey minoiu irapeXBiv avreif 
0i0if Skeye reM^Se. 

pa0iiV9 wrpaereueof, ^p¥€p4ymo^ /t*ev rovra, m fiwfui' 
/mAb» hn Se r^ irapotm & yiyi^aM», a^pm^ik *E^l 
yap wokii^, <09 iym omo^ ai</0avofuu^ p^KKopieP Upm 
fAtyiko^ mm w0* vwirKoatn aKktjKnip ovre Seopepo^ 
peF€tfi6kt^, ^ &M im fiiaiov ri9 SavXeiiK iapofo^ e?« 
pfm /iercbrra^ii/ yj^poinrit oi&* ^ r^i/ apyriv r^ ffpere^ 
pmt eUm*9 apr eKeuOepim vp<HrS^afi€va^, re re ttX^ 
^» 4»9 e^ ^ vrja^p ire^^^ roi ^ESKXMftHSof, iZX^ 
yikp Na^ Km Kmramf^, A? iKwi^ ^jmv Korra re 
Afovrum^ fuyyeifW irpoaeaeoBm, oXXo* ei^ly eirr^ 4M4 so 



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332 THUKTDIDEa 

irapecKevaarfievai rok ircunp ofwunpoTre^ fioKurra rf 
^fierepa Bwafie^, /ecu ov^ ^tora^ im ^9 fJMKKjov irX&^ 
fiep, Stkivoih tc€u XvpoKovaau UoXKoi fjihf yap ottXS- 
T€U &f€ur^ Ktu ro^orcu xai cucovrurraif iroXXtu Be rpirf' 
6 p€^ Kcu Sj(Ko^ 6 ir\ffp<0a'»v ainrof;. Xprjfuxra r e^pva-i, 
ra fjkiv tSia, ra Si ic(u hf roU iepoU earl SeXi^Powrlot^ * 
Xvpcucoirloi^ Se koa anro fiapfiaptiv nv&v anrapj^ ea^e- 
peroi. *ili Se iLoKMrra rffi&p irpoe)(pvatV9 Imroif^ re 
iroXKjov^ Kticnpmu kcu ctrip ohcei^ xat ovk ewascr^ 

lOXP&^Oi. IT/909 oSy TOMVTffV hwafLW OV VaUTUcfj^ KCU 

^}av\ou arparia^ fiovop Bet, oKKa k€U Te^v voXvy 
^fvirXelv, etirep fiovko/ieOa aJ^iov n T179 BusvoicK Bpfp 
KCU ijJq uiro Unrewv ttoW&v etpyecrdcu rfj^ yfj^, SKKa>^ 
re Kol el ^wrr&avv aX iroKei^ (f>ofiff0ela€U, kcu ft^ cant^ 

IS irapaaypDaof rifuv <f>i)iO& rtve^ yepofievoi, aXKot ^ ^Bye^ 
(TTcuoi, ^ ajwvovfieBa Unrucov. Ai<r)(p6v Be fiuurBei^ 
ra^ am'eyjdelv, ^ wrrepov eTnfJtertvirefjim'eafiai, to irpSnop 
acKewrei^ fiovXevcafievov^ * auroOev Be TrapcurKeu^ of m^ 
XP^ ^^€Pcu, yvovra^ in iroXv re airo rfj/^ ^fAeripa^ 

nauT&v pJxXofiev irXelv, km ovk ev r^ ofioi^ arparev- 
cofievoc, KCU OVK hf roT^ r^Be vTnjKoot^ ^H^i^oi ijk' 
0ere eiri ra/a, SOev paBicu al KOfuBai ex rfj^ ^uktcui 
&v irpoaeBet, oXX* h dXKorplav ircUrav aircLprrffacune^, 
Jf ^ fJf^vAv ovBe reaaap&v r&v j(!^&fjLepvv&p ayyeXop 

» p^Bu}V eKJBelv* ^OttX/to? re ovv iroXKov^ fjLOi BoKet 
'Xpfjwu fjfJM^ arfew, kcu ^fi&p avr&p kcu t&p ^fifui'XiBOP, 
r&p re virrfKomp kcu ijp rtpa €k IleXoTroppriavv Bupo* 
fieBa Pi irelacu ^ fiurB^ irpotrarfarfeadcu, kcu ro^ra^ 
rroXKov^ kcu a^>evBoprfrcvi, Stto^^ wpo^ to acetpotp I'jnrir 

no Kop dprexjox^h pavai re kcu troyof irepieipcu^ tpa koI ra 



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8BC0KD SPEECH OF KIEIAS. 333 

eiTiTTj^eia pfov ia/cofu^dfjueOa, rov Si kcu avroOev <nTov hp 
o\Ka4ri, irupov^ kcu ir^^pvyfiJva^ icpijB(v;, arf€w, tcai airo^ 
woiov^ €K rSsv fivXMVCJv irpo^ fiepo^ ^varfKcurfievov^i efifu^ 
fr$ovs, tua, fpf irov iiro a7r\oia^ aTTokafifiavdifieOa, e)(rf 17 
arparuk ra etrt/rri^ui QiroXKri yap ovca ov Trdarj^ ecTCU 5 
voXsm xnroSd^acrOcu^f ra re aSXa licov Zwarov eroip^i- 
caadai, kcu p^i enrX erepoi^ ylyvecOcu, fAoKurra Be XP^ 
fiMTa auToOev w vXeurra e)((uv, Ta Sc vap* *JB<ye- 
OToAvi;, h Xeyercu ixel erocp^ vofuaare kcu Xoytp av fid^ 
X^ora eroifta etvtu. ^Hp yap avrol eXOto/jtev evOepSe fiii 10 
oarnircCKjov fidvov irapcurKevaa'dfievoi, ifKrfP ye irpos to 
fui)^ifiov avT&v TO ottXitucov, aXXa kcu vTrepfidXKovre^ 
Tot9 TTcur^, fioXd^ ouTa>9 oloi re eaofxeOa r&v fjiep Kpa^ 
reip, ra Se kcu SuuT&ira&. HoKuf re pofjklacu jQ}7J ep 
dXKo^uXoi^ KCU TToXefJUot^ oIkiovpto^ I&hu, ots irpewet, 15 
T^ irp^TQ ^fiepif, y ckp Karda^maiVi eiffv^ Kparelp rffs 
yfjs» ^ elZepcu on, Pfp a<f>dKKa)PTai, iropra irokepua 
l^ovaip. "Oirep eyi) if>ofiovfi€Po^j kcu elBws trciXXa fiev 
^fia^ Beop fiovXevca^rBoi, ert Se irXeiw eurvyriccu (xoXe- 
ifop ie apOpiinrov^ ovra^X in eXaxurra t^ rvy^p Trapor 90 
S0V9 epAVTOP fiovKopMi eKirkelPt 'trapaaKevy he diro t&p 
eiKor^p da-(f>a\ri^ CKirTijevacu. Tavra yap ry re ^Vfi- 
vdajj iroKei, fiefioMrara rffovpuu, kcu ^fup T0Z9 orpa- 
revaofiepoi^ amrripuu Et Se np oXXoov toKel, Trapirifu 
avT^ rtjip apf)(7\p. 96 

*0 yx€i^ NiKUt^ rocavra ehre, pop,l^wp 701/9 ^Adripatr 
ovs T^ irXrfiei, t&p irpaypMTODp ^ dirorpe^cp, fj 6* 
avoffKo^oiTO arpareveaOcu, fjuiXiaTa ovTfiD9 da-ffHiKm 
etcTrXevaai. Ol Se to fiep erriBvfJbovp rov ttXov ovk 
e^r^Sriaap inro rov oxXmBov^ rry: 'n-apao'Kevfj^, woXvao 



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334 asuKYDH»s. 

r€ jap nroftwfitrtu JlSo^, $cal cunfxiKeia vvv 8^ kcH 

^Kir\Mva4u* Tol? /Mv yip wpea-fiurepopf «9 ^ xara^ 

fieyaXofv Bvvofuv, rofc i* hf r^ v^ukU tiJ? re aftrovcny: 
iriO^ Syjtem^ tuu Sewpu^ fcm eitKTnSe^ &n-e9 a^^^i^e^ 
tf^oi* i€ iroXv9 o/uK(K foai aTparwnj^ & re r^ 
vapoifTi apyvpiov ^laew, temi frpotncn^avBeu Svvofup 

Mii0^ aibwy fu^fio^pop vmip^iv. "Hare Sia rijiv wfa» 
rap w>£i4wiv intOvfilmp, fi Tf apa lau iiri ijpetnce, 
Be&ms p»i auri/)(€(fOTmf&p lecudvcv^ Bd^etev etytu rp 
iroKu, ff^vy(lav ^ye. Kai rtKot vupehJBmv r«9 rm 
ASffiMuoDV /C4U frapcMsaXcVav Toy Ntte&tp, ov/c S^ XP^ 

^VM irpoj>Qicrify(f6<u wSk Bu»ffUKKet¥, oXX' ernvrlov mian 
rmp fiSff "Sjyew ^v rwa mir^ wapofnompf *A6ffimM 
'^fff^HO'mpTcu. *0 Se cucmp imp etfirep Sri tuu iierk rw 
^upapxoPTmp icoB* fi9vj(lap fAoXkop fiovksp^ot^ro, S^a 
fiepTOi 7]&rf BotUiif avr^ rpu^pea^ p^ cvk ika/r^^ap ^ 

p^hcarop TrXffiMrreW cZroi^ airSxp £* *A0ifpaU}p etpecfimi 
ovTuraymyov^ i<roi hp hoKUHn^ k<u aXXa9 Ik rifp {tvc*- 
pdxf^v /A€Tinre/MrTca9 etpoi' iirXlrm^ Be ro«9 ^pvra^tp 
*A6ypal»p Ktu r&p ^fipJ/ffmp 'jr€PTatuaj(iKi(»p pip awe 
IXjia^rocriv, ^ Be n Bvptoprai, tcai trXeioci' r^p Se 

»aXKrfP irapaaKCtniv (»9 Kara Xoyov, kcu to^tw rjiy 
avToOep KCU ex KpTjfrq<i, kol c<f>€vBovrjT&p, kcu Ijp ri 
cOCKo irpeirop Bok^ elvcu, iroipMaapepoi, a^w* ^Axoi^ 
a-carre^ B ol *A0ffvcuot €^j>laapTa €vdv^ avTOxpafropcK 
etpcu KCU wepi arpcvrta^ TrXr^Oov^ kcu irepl rov wctpra^ 

MTrXoii roif^ orpaTrjyov^ irpaaceuf p &p avreh B0^ 



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MUTILAXIOff OF THI HBBMAL 3iS5 

ZfH^'TU 4S1HU ^Adrflfoiovi. Km fteri riiAra ^ vofor 

avrodev jeaTaXoy«v9 iwiuoiiPTq» "Aprn t* aveik'q^ ^ 
7r«>^ eavrifp am r^ vo<rov u(u rod (wwxfti^ TroXf- 
fWff Si T€ riKuciw; vk^fi^ iiny€y€9n)fjwqs mi €9 XP^ ^ 
fjtaraw aOpoi^iv, &a r^ wx^ipiw, ^frre pf^ Trcarra 
hropl^ero. Kfiu oi fm hf vupmnsevu H^^* 



XVn MUTILATION OP THE HERMAL (Lib, 
VL oc. S7-29, 60, 61, B- C. 416.) 

*JBk Se rovTfp, Xavi 'Epfiai fi<ra¥ TuBaifo* er t§ Tr^kei 
rp ^AOrpfaUofv {eia\ he Kara to etn/)(f»p$ov^ if Tcr/EM^yoivo^ 
epyaa-la, iroXKoi /roi iv iBiot^ irpodvp^tq tcai hf Upw), 10 
fu^ w/erl oi vKeurroi wepieicoirfiaav ra irp^caw^* Em 
rov^ Bpcuravra^ ^Bei oiSek, dXKa fieyakoi^ fitpfVTp9*fi 
ifffiocia ovToi re i^rinnivTO, Ktu vpoaer^ ei^fftfno'avTOf 
fetu el ri^ isXo ri olSey cur^fifffia ysfmnffiifov, pofymw 
aieA^ Tov fiwKop>evop /uu i^wim icai ^mmy tau Sou* is 
XofP. Kdi TO wpayfia psi^iiwo^ eKofsfiaifov * tov rt 
yap SxirXov oh»vo9 iSoxei elvtu, Koi im (tnt»fJtoal(f ojjm 
vwnipwp irpayfidrmp Ktu SrffLov KoroKuau^ yejev^Sa^ 
Mfjvvercu oiv diro p^rolicmv t4 ruf^v tcdi ducdkovOnv nepi 
p,€P T&v *EpfA&v ovSev, SKKmp Se dya\fuirt»v Tr^puconraiTO 
TW€^ irporepov xnro V€€OTep<op fiera vaiSio^ jcol olpov 
yeyevrjfiepat, kcu ra fiwrrtiput i,pM i^ nrouSra^ ev oltci'^ 
OK ^' ippef &p Koi TOP *A7ucifiuiSf)P hryriApTo^ 
Kai avra viroXafA^dpovrM^ oi pMkurra r^ ^AXtafiuiSp 



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by Google 



336 THUKTDIDS& 

dj(jS6fiepoi, epvrroSmp opti <r<l>un fj^ avroU rov S^^aov 
fiefiaia^ irpoeoTovcUg km vofiicavre^, el outop e^ekd- 
aewp, nrpSno^ ap etvai^ efteyoKupop, kcu ifiwop w hrl 
Brffiov Kardkuaei rd re fiwrruca kcu ti t&p *Ep^p 
B trepucoTTTJ yepoiTO, km ovScy Aq ovt&p S ti ov fjbsr 
exeipov en'pdf)(0ri, eiriKeyopT^ reKfirfpia tijv aXXqp ov- 
Tov €9 ra eiriTffievfjLOTa ov SfjfioTUCfjiP wapcofofuav. *0 
S' & re Tfi nrapoPTi wpo^ ra fMfPVfjLara dTreKoyelro, 
Koi €Tot/io^ ffif wpip hcirXeSp Kplp^aOcu, ei ri rovrmp 

10 elpyaa-fUpo^ Ijp (^Sa; yap km ra rffi wapaaKevrfi €7re- 
vopioTo^, KM el pip Tovrmp ri etpyaaTO, hixftip SowMp 
el S' diroXuBelf), apx^af* Km hrep/iprrvpero pai dnrmH 
ro^ irept avrov ButfioXa^ d'n'oZe)(eada^ d>OC fj^ otto- 
KTelpetp, el dBycel, km Srt ao>il>pope<n'€pop eirj p^ pjera 

15 rowuTfi^ cirla^t irplp SuppfHah nrdpm'etp outop ewi ro» 
aovT^ aTparevp^ru Oi B* €')(6po^ BeBune^ to t€ arpa- 
TevpM^ p^ eupovp ej^ff, ^ l]Bf) dya^pl^rjTM, o re S^/£09 
p^ p^KoKi^flTM, Oepairewop Sti Bi ixelpop o* r ^Apyeloi 
^vp€<rrpdr€twp km t&p MapTtpmp tip€^, dm-erpeirop km 

» direairevBop, aXKov^ prfrop<vs ipUpTCs, o^ eKeyop pvp pip 
wKelp ainop km puq KaTcuryelp Tqp dya}yrj[p, eXffoPTa Si 
Kplpea0M €P fip^dpai^ fnjTMS, ftovXopepoi €K psl^opo^ 
Buil3o\ij<;, fjp e/ieXXoi; pfop avTov awoPTos wopieip, /Ae- 
Tanrep/iTTOP KopuaOepTa currop dymplaao'Oau Km eSofe 

25 TrXeZi^ TOP ^AKjufiidBfjp. 

Sip €p6vpovpepo^ 6 Bfjpo^ 6 T&p AOffpcutop, km /u- 
p^PTfiTKopepo^ oaa oko^ Trepi out&p rpn<TTaTO, ;^aXe7ro9 ipf 
TOT€ KM vrroTTTrj^ h Tov^ Trepi t&p p^vartK&p tt^p mtuw 
Xa/3opT(t^, KM TTOPTa avToU iBoxei Itt* (vpiop^tria oX^ 

^ 7^VX^^ ^ rv/Muo'M^ irerrpax'^M, Ktu m ovt&p Bm 



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MUTILATION OF THE HERBCAI. 837 

r^ rotouTOp opyi^ofjL€V€ov irdKKol re km a^ioXoyoi av* 
6perrroi rjSrj ev r^ BeafimTTjpitp fjaav, Koi ovk Iv iravkrf 
e^oivero, aXXa KaO* ^fiepav hr^hlZoaav fjLoKKov €9 to 
aypKorepov re km ttT^Iov^ en ^XKti/jfiaveiv, evravOa 
avairelBeTcu €?9 r&v BeScfiuevfov, oairep ehoKet MTuarany; 6 
ilv€u, VTTO T&v ^wSecfiar&v rivo^, etre apa km ra ovra 
AffuvcM ftre KM ov' em afufxnepa yap chca^erM, to Si 
fa<l>h ouSc*? ovT€ Tore ovre varepov €)(€t eiveiv irepi 
rav hpa/ravTfOV to epyop* Aey^v Be hreia€u (urrov, ©9 
Xp^y ^ A^ f^ BeBpaKev, avrov re aZeuLV wotfjaaftevov 10 
cixTM KM rrjip iroTuv rffi ircLpava^ xmoy^la^ Travaai* 
fieficuorepMf yap avr^ tranfjpiap etpcu op^jiKoyr^amt 
/ter dSela^, tj apvfjBeim Sta SIkt)9 eXJBelv, KdX piep 
0VT09 T€ KoO^ eavTov KM Kar aX\a>v fjbrjwet ro r&v 
*Epp£v* 6 he Srjfio^ 6 r&y ABffvauov cur/ievo^ Xafiwv, is 
m ^ero, ro aaj>e^, km ieivop irowvp^pov irporepop, ev 
Tot;9 einfiovkevopras (t^&p r^ irkrfiei pJrj uaoprM, top 
pip p,7pnrnip ev6v^ km tov9 aXXoi;9 fWT* ainov^ Saoop 
p^i KorriyopriKeis tkuacof, rov^ Se KarMruiOepra^, Kpi- 
(r€K iroii^apre^, rov^ /a€v aireKreipap, Saoi (vp€\i^<f>07f' so 
(TOP, r&p Se Suuf)vyopr€i)P Oavarop Karaypopres; eirapel' 
irop apyvpiop t^J cnroKr€lpa;prt> Kap rovrtp 01 p,€P 
naffipre: aBrjXjov Ijp el aBUa^ erenp^ipvpro, ^ p^eprov 
ahXri 7roXi9 Ip t^J wapopri irepi^pw i^ekfjro. Ilepl 
ie rod ^ ATuct/SuiSov, epayoprmp r&p exOp&v» otwep km v 
TTplv eKirkeip aurop erreOepro, yakerrSi^ ol Adrjpaloi 
iXapjSapop* km eireiZfi ro r&p *Epp,&p <popro aaAf>es 
exinp, TToXt; Brj paXKop scm ra pvariKo, &p eirairm^ 
^, pLera rov avrov \oyov km rrj^ (vpa>p4}aiw: eir^ 
T^ S^f(^ air eKeipov eSoKei irpaxOffPOi, Km yapm 
29 



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by Google 



338 THUKTPIDSS. 

ri9 fcai irrpaTia AoK^Scu/ioviwv ov voXXri erv^e ivcnra 
TOP /caipop TovTOP, €P f> iTcpi TavTa eOopvfiovpTOt fJ^^XP* 
*I(r6fM)v vctpOdBowrOt irpo^ Bouotov^ rt Trpaatfopre^. 
^EBoxe^ ovp ixeipov wpa^oPTO^, km ov Bouot&p ipexn, 
6 OTTO ^vpOrifAaTO^ riK^w, KM el fAfi e^0€urctp S^ avrol 
Kara to firjpvfJLa ^XKafioPTe^ toi;9 opBpa^, irpoSoOrjptu 
tbf 17 woXi^. Kal Tiva fuav^ pvKra k(U KaTeBapOop 
€P 0rja€l<p T^ €P iroke^ ep SirXoi^. Ot t€ ^epoi tov 
*A\KifiidBov oi €P ^Apyei Kara top ovtop xRopop inro^ 

10 iTTevOffaap t^ BryjL^ eiryriOeaOa^ • km tov? o/jLrjpov^ t&v 
*Apy€it»p TOV? €P ToS^ PTjaotff K€i^4pov^ ol *A6ffpa2oi Tore 
irapeBoa-ap r^ ^ApyeUap Biyup Bta Tavra Ziaypr^a^dau 
HoPTaxpOtp T€ TrepieoTtjKe^ inro^ia €9 top *A\KifiidSyp. 
''flare fiovXop^epoi outop h Kplaiv aya/yoPT€^ aTTO/crcJ- 

IB ptu, irefiTTOVtrip ovrta tt^p SaXap,iplap pavp e? ttjp Si^ 
KiKuuf eiri t€ eKclpop kcu &p irepi aXKcop €fi€fjLi^vT<k 
EiptjTO Se vpoevrreip ain^ airoXoyqaofiipfp oKoXovOeip, 
^vKKapfiopup he /iri, BepairevoPTe^ to Te wpo^ tov9 iv 
T^ SiKcKuf oTparuoTa^ Te a^eTepov^ Koi iroXefilov^ /^^ 

90 Bopvfielp, KM ovx fJKurra toi;9 MapTipea^ km ^Apyei- 
ot/9 /3ov\o/i€Pot wapajieiPM, BC eKelpov pofu^opTC^ Tret- 
aOfjpM a<f>a^ ^OTpareveip. Km 6 pJp, e)(a>p r^i/ eav 
TOV pavp, KM ol ^vpBiafiefiXfffiepoi aireifkeop p£Ta r^ 
SaXafiivui^ €K T^ St4C€\ui^ w €9 Ta^ ^AOrjipa^* km 

S6 e'rreiZri eyepopTO ep Bovplot^, ovkct^ ^vpeliropTO, oXX* 
aireXBoPTe^i airo ri}? pem ov <l>ap€pol ^aap, Bela-cwTes 
TO em Bui/3oX^ €9 Bcktjp KaTairXevaM. Ol B* ex 
Try: SaXafUPUv; T€ft)9 fJ^ep e^rJTOVP top ^AXKifiiaBtjp km 
Toi/9 /xer avTov* m B* ovBa/iov ^Mpepoi ^op, ^opto 

90 airoirXeopTe^. *0 Be *A7uafiidBf]^, TJSfj ^vya^ &p^ ov 



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CONDITION OF THE ATHENIANS. 339 

voXu itrrepov eiri Trkolav eirepauoOff h IleKoTrovprj' 
aov iic T^ Oovpia/;* ol S* *A07]vcuot €/>i]/*j7 Slrcp 
Outmrov tcaT^yvoiaav aurov re kcu t&p fier etcelvov. 



XVIIL FINAL SCENES OF THE SICILIAN 
EXPEDITION. (Lib. VILcc. 76-87. B. C. 413.) 

Merit Se tovto, eireiBij eSo/ce* r^ Nucl^f leai ArifM- 
aOcue^ (/cai/S9 irapeaieevcurOlu, kol fi avacrraat^ t^ toO § 
OTparevfuiro^ rpirr/ VM^Pf ^^ ''^ vavfuij^uK eylyvero, 
Aeivov ovp fjv ov Kod* %» fiovov T&v irpayfidTCDV, &n 
T(k T€ vav^ dirokuiKeKore^ vao-a^ ave)(wpovVt icai avri 
fieyakri^ eX7r/8o9 fC€U avrol tccu i} iroKi^ letvSwevovre^ ' 
dWa /c€U hf T^ dwoXely^i rov crparoir&ov (uve/Satve lo 
ry T€ S^i €/cdaT<p oKf^Hva tccu r^ yvdfjup cuaOeadcu, 
T&p re yap vexp&v drw^v Xvnov, ottotc tw J-Sot riva 
r&v hnrrfieUav leelfiepov, €9 Xt/Tn^v fiera i^o/Sov koJOI" 
crraro* kcu oi ^Snne^ KaraXecir^fjLepo^, rpavfiarUu re 
Koi da-ffevei^, wokv rSfp reOve^fov T0J9 t«o-i Xvirrfpo' 15 
repot ^aap kcu r&v dwoXooikoro^v d0}airr€poi. Upo^ yap 
dimfioKiav kcu oko^vppMV rpairofiepoi e? auroplav Ka 
fflarcurcw, aryetv re <r^a9 d^iovvre^, kcu hfa Ikcuttov 
em/Socifievoc, el nva irov ri^ tSot fj eraipiov tf ouceUav, 
r&v re ^vcKrpmp 7S17 dirtovrcop eKKpefiapwfjuepot, Kcum 
eiroKoKovOovvre^, €9 S<rov Bvvcuvro, el r^ Se irpoXelwoi 
^ pca/ATf Kai ro a&fia, ovk avev aKiycov eTTiOeuurfi&p 
Kci oiiMnyrfi dm-oXetirofAepoi • ware Scucpvat irav ro 
arpdrevfia wXqaOep kcu dwopla roiavrtf firj poSuv? 



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340 THUKTDIDEB. 

d/^ap/ia<r0a&, tcaiirep he woXepJiK re, iuu ^1^0 ^ 
icucpva ra /jlcv weirovOoriK fjSt}, ra Sc ttc/m rS/p of 
cufxu/el BeBidra^ fitj vaBwai. Kjarrif^ia 7€ T49 o^ 
lecu /caroft^fiy^i^ a^Av ain&v ifoKhJi] ^v. OvBev yap 
^oKKo ^ voKe^ hcireirdkiopKrfpLevy l(pK€crav inro^mr/ova^ 
tcai TOVTff oi afuxpf' fAvpiaBe^ yap rov ^pm-aino^ 
cf)(\jov ovtc eKaaaov^ reatrapiov a/ui hropevovro. Km 
Toim»y oi re oXXo* iravre^ €<f>€pop $ ri rt^ eBwaro 
2caaT09 XP^^f^^* ^^ ^^ ottXItcu kcu oi imrffi vapa 

10 TO €Mk>do9 avTo\ ra a<f>4T€pa aunSrv airia vvo rqi^ 
oirkoi^, oi piv wiropiif daoXovOfav, oi Se am'urrla* 
dwrftnopxikriKetrav yap iraKoi re, km oi vKelaroi, war 
pay^ficu "E^pov Se ovSk raSira uca^a* alro^ yap 
ov/cert tfv €P r^ <rrparonr4&^* Km pfqv ^ oXXi; miua 

16 Km fi urofiocpia t&v kok&v, exovca riva OfM>9> ri 
/iera 'iroXKS>v, Kov^uruf, oiZ^ ^ pifBla Iv r^ iror 
povri eBo^a^ero, aXXtt>9 re Km anro oia^ Xa/iirporffro^ 
K€u avxnfJMro^ rov irpwrov €9 oumv reXevrqv xai ra- 
irevvomfra aj(f>LKro. Meytcrov yap 6ij ro Buupiopov 

90 rovro *E>CKrivue^ <rrpar€vp>ari eyevero, oh, avri pkv 
rov SlSXov^ hovhMCopAvov^ iJKeiv, avrou^ tovto p£XXov 
BeBtora/i firj iradoftn, fiwc/Siy arruva^, avrl S* ^ij^ 
re Km iraiavaDv, pe$* &v e^eirkeov, TroXiv rovTa)P 
ToU evavriot^ hri^fuafuunv cuf>oppAa-6€u, irel^ov^ re 

16 aprl vavjSar&v iropevop^vov^ kcu ovluriK^ irpocejfpt^ 
TO? p£\Xov ^ vavruc^. ^Ofia^ Se vtto p^yeffoi;^ roG 
errtKpep^p^epov en kivBvvov iravra ravra auroU olora 
e^alvero. 

*Op&p Be 6 Nuela^ ro arparevp^ aOvp^ow ko^ em 

Vi fieyaXrj p^erafioX^ ov^ eiriwaprnv ca? eK r&p iwap* 



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SPEECH OF mJKlA3. 341 

yimtiiP €$apavv€ re km Trapefwdelro, fio^ re x/wi- 

/ICP09 eri fjLoKKov hccurrovf;, icaJd* o(^ ylrfvovro, irfo 

^poOvfiloi, KM fiovXiiievo^ ci^ lin irKelarov yer/tavir 

^Kmv i(f>€Xew, " "En km ex r&v wapovrmv, & *A6rf 

vaSm KM (u/i/jMXpi iXiriSa j(pff ^eti^* ijSff rtve^ km b 

€K Beimrrepiov fj roi&vBe €<r<i07jacaf • fi/qSe KorafUfi'^^vr' 

trOai ufM^ Sjcttf airov^, M^^ TOi? ^/A^pah /irj^e 

TisS? nrapa rrjiv a^iav vvv KcucoTToOeiM^. Kay<i roi, 

ou8fiP09 v/iip otrre pei/j/p 'n'po<f>€p€ov (aXX' opare 8fj 

c^ Smceifjuu viro rfj^ vicov") ovr eirv^i^ Sok&v irov lo 

iorepo^ rov eh^M Kara rop cStov jSlov km h rSXKa, 

vvp ip r^ aur^ KipSvpq^ rok ^avKoraroi^ aiMpovfUM* 

Kolroi TToXKa fiep h Oeov^ pofufui S^ifffrrffuu, iroXka 

Se 69 opOpamov^ iUaia km averri^Oopo. *Ap0* &p 17 

/i€i/ ekirU Sfjuo^ Opaaeia rov j^eXXopro^, al Se ^ful>opM u 

ai xar a^lav S^ <f>ol3ovat. Td^a 8' cLp Koi Xaxfnt' 

<rmap* ixapa yap ro2^ re iroXe/Aiot^ einv^rfrMf km el 

r^ 9e&p errlj>0opoi, earpareua-afiep, awoxp^vroD^ ijSrf 

reT$f*»p7ifieda. ^E[Xj0op yap 9rov Kai aXKoi npe^ ijSff 

i^ eripov^, km apdpwreui hpaaapre^ apexra eiraOop. 90 

Km fjfAO^ el/o)^ pvp ra re airo rov Oeov ekirifyvp ffini^ 

repa ifyiv * oIktou yap aif avr&p d^iorrepbi ijSff eafiep 

$1 <f>0opov* KM op&pre^ v/jlo^ avrov^, otoi orrXZrcu Sifui 

KM SaoL ^vprerajfiepoi ^(iopelre, p^ Karaireir^qjdSe ayav, 

Xoyt^ea-Oe Be &n, avrol re woXi^ €v6v<; ecrre, Siroi kpn 

KoOe^ffctde, KM aXKrf ovSefila vfui^ r&p ip XiKeXla ovr 

&p eiTiipra^ Se^Mro paBlm^ ovr civ VbpvOevra^ irov 

i^apcurrrftTeie. Ttjjp Ze iropelap, &<rr aaj>a\fj km eura^ 

KTop elpoi, avroi ^vXc^are, fiif SXKo ri ^ytfadfiepo^ 

£ra^T09 fl ip ^ OP dpajKa^aO^ X^P^V f^X^^^^ rovro m 
29 • 



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842 THUKTBIDBS. 

tau varpl&a kcu r^l^^ Kparf^a^ t^i»* 7irouSi) Kk 
ifM)U»^ Kol vixra tuu ^/i€pap eoTOt t^ iSov. Ta yaf> 
eiriTrfBeia ppaf)(4a ^Ofiev* /ecu fjp dtrriKafitofieOd T0y^ 
^CKIov j((opldv r&v Sucek&p (ovroi yap ^fup Bti to 

• XvpatcoaiMV S€09 m fiificLUn &xr£), ^Si; voiu^er^ ip 
r^ €xyp^ etvai. Ilpoveirep/jrrai B w avrov9» Km 
wrramqaf eip^QH>v kcu a-iTia aXKa xo/U^eiv. Ti Si 
^fim'ov, yvSne^ & avBpe^ trrpari&Tai, apaytuudp re op 
vfuv avSpda-ip of/aOoU yiypetrOcu, w p^ Spto^ Xjo^piou 

^ €771/9 oTTOi Ap pM\ateur0€PT€^ irmOetofre, tccii f/p pSp 
SuMij>vyfjTe Tov^ woKepMV^, of re aXXoi rev^p^epo^ ip 
eviOvp^lre irov erriBelp, /caX oi *A0fjpa2<H r^ p^eyakifp 
Bupafup rfj^ 7roX€d»9» KcUirep ireirraiiiculap^ hrfwop/Bi" 
aropre:* opBpe^ yap vo>u^, iccu oi rujco oiSk pfj/ei 

IB opSp&p KCPoL** 

*0 pip Nuclei TouiSe irapcueeKevip^epo^ ap^a hrjf^ «m 
OTpdrevpa, iccu el wy opipvf SieairaapJpop fuu p^ 4p 
rd^e^ j(&povP9 ^vpay»p kcu xaOurra^, mm o At^poaS^ 
Pff^ ovSep fja-arop roU tcaO* iavrop TOMvrd re smU 

^ irapanfkrftrui 7sJr/wp. 1% Sk ex<ip€^ ip irkauritp rer#* 
ypJpoPt TTp&TOp pip ^ovp£POP TO Nuciov, e^eirop>€PO¥ 
he TO ArjpoaOipoxri • tov^ Se iFKCvo^opov^ teal top ttKb!^ 
<rrop oxKop epro^ etypp ol 07rXlr(U. Km eirei^ t9 
eyepopTo eirl r^ SuifidaeL top ^Apdwov vorapbov, ^pov 

ss err aur^ Traparera/yp^pov^ raw XvpoKoaUnp ledi (vfifAa* 
yin^p, KM rpe^dpLCPOi ainov^ /ecu KpaTri<rapTe^ rov iropov 
€)(d>povp €9 TO irpoaOep - ol he Svpcue6&u)& irctpvmrei^ 
oPTe^ T€ TTpoa-e/ceiPTO, kcu eacucoPTc^oPTe^ oi ^iKou 
Kdi TovTjf pip Tp ^p^pct 'TTpoe'kBdpTe^ arahlov^ w 

m reanrctpdKOPTO, tfvXlaapTO ir/909 Xo^ tuH oi ^A&tfvciSqi* 



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RETREAT OP THE ATHENIANS. 348 

ty i vcrcpauf wpm hropevovro, kcu irpofjXffop w 
^leoa-i oToBiov^, xai Kori^aau h )(iopiop cnreBov re, 
Moi iiVTOv iaTparoTreSeva-currOt /SovTiO/iepot Ik re r&v 
ouciSaip Xafieli/ ri ^(oBcfiov {j^Keiro yap 6 X^P^) ^^ 
i8(op fAcra a<l>&v avr&v ^epeaOcu ainoOev* ev yap r^ s 
irpiaOev eiri iroXKa araSui, y IfieXXov lepcu, ovk &^0' 
POP fflf. Oi Se XvpoKoaioi, ev rovrtp irpoeXBovre^ rrjy 
itoSov T^ €v r^ irpicOev awerei^t^ov • tfv Se 'Kil<f>os 
tcaprepa^ tcai hcaripe^Bev avrov j(apaSpa leprffiwwSrj^, 
mcaXevro Si ^Axpcuov \e/ra^. T^ S* v<rrepala oi *A0ri- lo 
vaSoi wpoj^&av, km oi r&v SvpaKoalcov kcu ^vfiftd^cov 
avrov9 Unrij^ kcu oKOvriaTcu, Spre^ ttoXKoX eKarepot, 
haoKuoVt Kiu ianfKovri^dv re kcu iraplmrevov. Kcu 
j(povov fuv TToXifP €fidj(^ovTO oi *A0r)vcuoi, hrura dve^ 
jdoapTfo'av TraXiv €9 to avro CTparoTreBov * kcu ra err^ is 
rrjB^ia ovxeri opLOuo^ ^Ixov. Ov yap en airoytxipelp 
oUv T ffv info T&v hnr&ov. UptaA Be apavre^ hro^ 
peuovTO aZBt^t iccu efiuuravro 'irpo^ rov \o<f>op ikOeip 
TOP arrorereix^M^^^' ^^ ^pop irpo eavr&p inrep rod 
am'OTei^'XyTf^^'^^^ '^^ wef^i' trrparLov waparera^fievrfp io 
OVK eir oXiycop cunriSmp* trrepop yap fjp to yfoplop. 
Kcu TTpoajSaKopre^ oi *A0f]vcuot ereixop^ow, kcu fidhr 
Xofievoi inro iroXK&p airo rov Xo^t; iiravrov^ opro^, 
(^Biucpovpro yap paop oi avcoOep) kcu ov Bvpdfiepot ^uS^ 
aa/rOcu ave^^povp vdktp kcu dpeiravopro. "Erv^pp^ 
Be KCU fipoprcu rive^ ofia yevofupcu kcu vBo>p, ola 
rod erov^ Trpo^ fierorrcopop 17&7 ovro^ ^iXe7 yiype- 
adcu* dff> &p oi *A0rjpcuoc fiaXXop eri rjOvfiovp, kcu 
Mfic^op evi r^ a^eriptp oKeBpip kcu ravra irdpra 
yiypeaOcu. * Apavavofiivtop B\ avrS>p, 6 rvX^mro^ $ccu m 



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344 THUKTDIDEa 

oi SvpoKoaiot vefiTTova fUpo^ ri rfj^ trrparia/f atta* 

T€l/)(lOVVTiK OV €K TOV OlTUrOeV OVTOV^, ff wpoekffXv' 

Oeaav* avrvirifi'^avT&i i\ Koxeivoi a^Srv avr&p ra^a^ 
Biexdikuaav. Kcu fjtera ravra ircurtf r^ crpaiia avof 
% ^(wpff^cane^ irpo^ to irehlov fjLoXKov oi ^AOrjvaiot fjv» 
XiaavTO. T^ S' vtrrepala irpcv^ipoWf xai oi Sv- 
pctKoaioL wpoa-efiaXKop re nravray^ avroU kvkK^ koi 
itoXKjov^ KOTerpavfiOTi^v, kcu el fiev hrlouv oi ^AOff^ 
valoi, vire^dpow, €i S' avaj(wpoi€P, eTreKeipro, km fiaf 

10 \urra roU wrrdrot^ irpocirlirrovre^t el ttco^ Kara Bpay^ 
rpe^afuevoi vav to crparevfUL {fto/Stfa-etav. Km eiri 
iroXv /jL€v ToiouT^ Tpowip apTel^ov oi Affffwuoi, e/rcira, 
irpoeXBovre^ irivre ^ If craZlov^^ aveirauovro ev t^ 
weiUp * ave^oDpTfo-ap Be kcu oi Svpcucdcioi arr avr&p 

IS 69 TO eavT&v OTparonreBov, 

Tffi Be WKrio^ r^ NlkU^ kcu Arj/ioa-Oeuei eBoKci, 
eireiBf} kclkw (r<f>uri to orpaTevfia el^e t&p einmj^ 
BeuiDV irainwv airopi<f vjBiff, kcu KaTaTeTpavfuvncfUvoi 
^CLV iroXKoi ev iroXKcu^ irpoapoXou^ t&v iroXefiUav 

90 yeyepfffievcu^, irvpa Kavtraine^ od^ irXeioTa ajrayetp tt^v 
oTpaTiav, p/qKeri ttiv airrijp oSov rj BtevoT^dtjcav, oKKo 
Tovvcanlov ^ oi Xvpcucwrioi eTripow» irpo^ Trpf doKcur 
<rav. Hv Be 17 ^vp/rrcura oSo^ avTf) ovk eni KaTa 
1/179 T^ orpaTevp^Tc, aX\a koto, to h-epov p,epo^ r^ 

25 Xi'Ke'KMv;, TO irpo^ Kap>apivav kcu TeKav kcH TOfi TOVTf 
7ro\6t9 KCU *EX\r}viB{K kcu jSap^dpov^. KawravTeQ 
ovv irvpa iroXka ex^poin/ ev t§ wktL Kcu auroJ?. 
olov ^iKel KCU iraai oTparoTreBoi^t pAXtoTa Be toI^ 
p^loTOi^, ^d/Soi KCU BelpMTa eyylyveadcu, aXXQ>9 t€ 

ao KCU ev wktI re kcu But TroXepias kcu dnro woXepU* 



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BXTBEAT OF THE ATHENIANS. 345 

i»p ov wo\i} am-ej(pvrmv lovaiv, e/jvirlirrei rapa/XTI' ^^^ 
TO flip NmIov arpdrev/ui, &<nr€p ^€ito, ^wifievi re 
Kcu wpovkc^e nroXK^, ro Se ArjfJUxrOepov^, to fjfjuav 
fbaKurra kcu irXJov, aTretriraaOff re kcu aroKTorepov 
i)(jip€u ''A/JM Be T^ eip o^iKVOvvrcu Sfuo^ wplo^T^v • 
6dKcur<rcaf9 kcu ia/Savre^ e? r^v oSov *EXmpunjp koKov^ 
fuvtpf hropevovTO, ^ttw?, hreiBfj yepoano eiri r^ irora^ 
ft^ 7^ KaKtnrdpet, irapa top TrorafMP totep ap<» Bm 
fiea-oyeuK* l]Kin^op yap kcu rov^ SikcXjov^ ravry, 0S9 
fi€T€7r€fjL'^iwro, aTraprfyreaOcu, Eirei S* ejipopro eiri 10 
r^ TTorafA^ evpop kcu hnavOa <f>v\cLKiqp ripa t&p Sv^ 
pcuco<rl(0P, cnroret/^L^ova'av t€ kcu cnroaravpovaap top 
vdpop. Km fiuurdfiepoi avTtpf, Bitfifja-dp re top ttotot 
flip, KCU €j(mpovp avOi^ 7rpo9 SXKop troTafiop top ^Ep^ 
peop* Tovrp yap oi ffyejiope^ heeKevop, w 

*Ep TouTtp S ol iSvpaKoaioi kcu oi ^fifia'Xpi, a>^ ^ 
re rifUpa eyepero kcu SypoHrap tov^ ^AOtjpcuov^ aTreXfj^ 
XvOoTa^, €P cuTUf re oi ttoWo^ top TvKinrirop €tj(pp 
€KOPTa d^eipcu roi;9 ^AOtjpcuov^, kcu KUTa Tof^p^ Sui^ 
K0PT€^, ^ ov j(aKjejrSa^ ^<r0dpopTO Ke}(pi>priKOTa^, KaTa-» 
Tuififidpovat irepi dplarov &fHip. Kcu <09 irpoaifu^ap 
rot9 fiera tov Arjfio<r0€pox;^, vcrripoi^ re oSo-^ kcu 0^0- 
\cuTepop KCU QTaKTOTepop j(a>powrcp, ©9 r^ pvkto^ TOTe 
^yverapdyOriaaPt evOv^ irpotnreaoPTe^ ifid')(ppTo* kcu oi 
hvivf jf i T&p SvpcucoalcDP €kvkKjovpt6 re poop avrov9 Btxck » 
8^ ovTcvf, KCU ^vpfjyop €9 TaVTO. T% Be NtKlOV OTpd^ 
Tcvfia cnrelxep ep r^ irpocrffep TreprriKOPTa aroBlov^' 
daacrop re yap Nixla^ rjye, pofilfynp ov t)} inrofieveip 
€p T^ Tou)VT<p eKovTO^ elvac KCL^ fid')(eadcu amTfjpuiP, 
oKXa TO ©9 Tayia-Ta \rrroj(<opelp, Tocaiha fiaypfievov^ » 



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946 THUKTDIDE8. 

faa dp<vfMa^ovr€H, *0 Be Arjfioa-Oepfj^ ervyxcufe t« ri 
vkeua €v trov^ ^wexearepip &v &a to wrr^p^ ovaym* 
povvTi, avT^ irpornp eiruccicBa* rots iroKefJuots, tun 
Tore yvov^ rov^ Svpatcoalov^ hiMKOvra^ dv 7rpovj(ip& 
c/uoXXov ^ €9 Itay^ty (inferda-aero, la>9 h^iorplfictp mif 
Kktwrai re vv aur&v, tcai hf woXK^ Oopofi^ airi^ Tf 
icai ol fACT* avTOv *A0t)PiUo^ ffaiw eafuKMfiom^ yap 
€9 Ti x^plov, ^ KMcKip psv rev)(lov vepiifPy oJe9 Sc 
hfOev re /uu epOev, ekcuK Be ovtc oXiyoi elyev, efioK* 

mXovro wepurraBop. Touwnu^ Be wpoafioXai^ sou 4fi 
(wrraSov fjuij(cm ol XvpoKoaiot ehcorm^ €)(piivro* t# 
yap diro/uvBweueuf wpo^ avBpiirov^ airovepoi^fjL€vov9 oi 
vpo^ hceumv fbSXKov ^p m ^ irpo^ r&p *A0ffpau»Pt 
tcai ofia il>eiBia re Ti9 eyiypero hr einrpayla ijBif ir»- 

iBif>€l fiif irpoapa\M0rjpal t^» k€U epofu^p Koi ^ ratny 
r^ iBea KaToZapMaapspoi \r(^cdtu avrov^. *Ev€»i^ 
youp Bi fifiepa^ fioKKopre^ Travrof^odep rov<i ^AOtpfaiovq 
seal ^f/kfui)(pv9 €oi>pap ^&7 rera\apir<op7fpJvov9 rok re 
rpav/iaa-^ Kfu r^ okXXp Kascenre^ tcr^pvyfia wotaOvrMk 

wrvKpnro^ koI SvpoMocioi kcu ol ^fifuixph vp&n» 
pip r&p PTftrioyr&p el n^ fiovXertu eir ekevOepi^ if 
aiJM^ arrUpoi* xdX arre^ipriaap ripes; inSkei^ ov woX^ 
XoL '^Eiwe^ra S' wrrepop tuii wpo^ rov^ aXKov^ caraih' 
TO? Tov? iJkera AfffuxrOepotf^ ofioXoyia yiypercu, merre 

96 07r\a re vapaZovpcu kcu /Arf airoOapelp firjBepa fMfre 
fiuua>9 fiTfre Beafioi^ pnjre rfj^ dpay/caiorarfy: epBeif 
BuurTj^. Km wapeBocap ol irdpre^ 0-^9 aiTois e^ 
fuaj^lXdOi, /cai ro apyvpiop, o €lj(op^ arrrop KarSeaiW, 
eafiaXopre^ e? dawlBa^ {rrrrui^, tau epeTrKija-ap cunrHBof^ 

mreaaapa^. Kcu rovrots fiep evdv^ avetcofufyp em Ttfi^ 



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SURBENDEB OF THE ATHENIANS. 347 

ir^kip* Ni/cla^ Be tuu oi fier airov a^nevovtrrtu aurf 
Tff f}fi>€p(f CTT* rov froTOfAOv TOP iLpomoVf fUU OMpa^ 
itpo^ pbCTWp^v Tt icadure rrp^ <rrpaTidv. 

Oi ie Svpoicocioi r^ varepal^ KcvraKafiovre^ ainov 
ekiyap Uri, oi fiera AfifioaOdvov^ wapaSeSwconev a^w * 
avTou^, xeKevovre^ teaxeivov to avro ipav* o h* ainr 
^T&v airtpBerai imrea vep/^ftcu axe^fiepov. *fl^ 8* 
olxpfitepo^ aTrrjyyeike iroKiv vapaZeStoicora^, hrucqpv 
/€€veT4u rvXiwirq^ tuu SvpoKOciot^ etvcu eroifu)^ vwip 

mifTioi €9 liv 'troKeflov, raSna airoSothnUf wrre r^ 
lUT airov irrpariiav a^ipcu avrov^* H'^XP^ ^^ ^' ^ 
ra j(fnifJLara mroSoO^t avSp(K S<is(r€ip *A0ffvaU»v ofirj' 
pouf, iva Kara roKavrov. Oi h\ Svpattocioi /eai 
IVXwnro9 ov irpoaeBexovro rov^ Xoyov^, oKKa wpoa-- » 
trw^Wc^ MU wepurrairr€9 iravrax^Oev S/SdXXov k€u 
TovTow l*'^XP^ ^^* ^Xov he Koi ovrov irovr^pm^ 
^Irov re icai r&p einrriBeicDV airopuf, "OfJM^ Se r^ 
vwcm ^nfXa^avre^ ro ri^vyaliov efieXXov iropeveaOau 
Kmi avcCKapficofovai re ra , cr7rXa» km oi XvpaKoaioi 29 
aurOavovra* km eiroMoviaav* Tuovre^ he oi Adrpfcuoi, 
irb ov XavOavovat, KareOemo va\&v, ttK^ rpuueoirU 
mw fioKurra avhp&v* ovroi Se hut r&v ^vXcucmp /3um^ 
au/iispoi e^fopow rfy: wkto^ jf ehvpavro. Nikuv: he, 
etrei&ri ^fiepa eyevero, fjiye rffv trrparuLV oi h\ Sv^^ 
poK^tr^i KoX oi ^fifjLaj(pi trpoaeKeivro rov airov rpo* 
rrov iravraxpOev fiaXKovre^ re kcu KaraKOvrlfyvre^. Km 
ci *A0ffvaioi ffireiyovro vpo^ rov *Aaaivapov Trorafiov, 
ifAa fA€v fita^dfjtevoi viro rfj^ Travra/xpBev irpoafioXq^ 
itnrecnf re 7roXX£y km rov aXKov cP)(Xot;« oid/ji>€vot pfov as 



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848 Tuu&yiiiDBS. 

ri a'<f>laip Saecffiu, fyf hiafii>a^ row wor^^ioVf ofut S< 
ino rfj^ raXiuirwpla^ kcu rov wtelv eirtOvpU^ 'O^ 
Se ytyvovTM €fr avr^, eawlirTovciv ovSepl xoa-f^ en* 
aXKa 709 rJ ri^ Buififjpai avro^ irp&ro^ ^ovXoftspoq 
$ K€U ol iroXjifuot eiruceifievoi j(a\e7riip i^Sfj rifp Buifia^ 
arof hrolow aOpio^ yap opaytea^fietfoi ywpeof ewi' 
nrvirrov t€ oKKriKot^ luu Kwr^fKaTwnf^ irepi re riw Sopa* 
riot^ KCU a-fceveariv oi fjL€P eiOv^ Sie^elpoPTOp ol & 
efJLfrraKcuTtrdftevo^ /careppeov. *E^ ra hrl Barepa tc toS 

M irorafiov irapcurrcane^ ol XvpoKoawu {fpf Sc KpfffjumS^) 
SfiaKKop cttH»0€P T0V9 ^AOf/wuov^, irafonm re tow mX^ 
Xov9 acfuvov^, luu h /cotkip Sim r^ trorofA^ iv <r^ 
aof avroh rapeuraopLevotn. Ot re 2IeXoiroia^«o» €V>- 
KOTa/SapTe^ rov^ ev r^ irorap^ pLaXicra Ic^a^op. KtA 

IB TO vS(op €v6v^ 8i€<f>dapT0, oXX* ovShf Ija-avp ewiperd 
re opLov r^ wrfk^, ^pMrtopJvoVf /uu irepipta)(ffT09 ijp 
roi^ woXKoU* TeXjo^ Si vexp&v re troXklav etr oXXjf- 
Xo69 ijSff K€ip*4vmv ev r^ frorap^ kcu Bi€<f>$apfitmv^ 
rov arparevp^ro^ rov pip Kara rop Trora^wp, rov ie, 

90 KCU et ri Buu^uyoit vm rS>p Imrec^p, NiKia^ FvXlww^ 
eavTov irapaBiSoya'h in<rrev<ra^ pMKKop aur^ tj rcii 
Svpcueocloi^ • KCU eavr^ pip j^pfjaOcu exeKevep exeipop 
re KCU AcucehcupMplov^ S r» fiovT^prcu, rov^ Se oX* 
Xov^ arparuara^ rravcraaOcu <f>opevopra/i. £al o JVm 

^Xattito? p^ra rovro fyyfpelp ^Siy hceKeve* kcu tou? re 
Xoiirov^f Strove p^l aireKpin^upro {woXKoi he ovroi iy^ 
povro), ^vpcKopucetp ^&pra^, kcu eni rov9 rpuucoaiav^ 
A rrip ^vXcucTiP Si€^fp<£op rrj^ pvKro^, rrepL'^^upre^ rcis 
huo^pjpov^ ^vpeKafiop, J'o pip olv dOpourOep rou 

9) crrparevpMTo^ e? to xotvov ov rroTw eyepero, to & 



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EXECUTION OF IfTIKIAS AIVD DEMOSTHENES. 349 

SiOKXawev woXu, /col Si€ir\r^0rj ira<ra • Xucekla avr&v, 
St€ ovk otto ^filSdaeto^, &<nr€p r&v fiera jdrffiocBe" 
pov^, \ff4>0^PTtov, Mepo^ Be Tt OVK oKiyov kcu airi- 
0mf€' 7rX€urro9 yap Sij ^ovo^ 0VT09 km ovSevo^ eKaa* 
amp T&v ey r^ SiKcXtK^ TroXefup TOVTq> eyevero. Em $ 
€P TiU9 oKKai^ irpoa-fioXa!^ rah Kara 7^1/ vopeuof 
iTvxvah jevofiAvavi ovk ciklyoi ereBprJKeaav. IToXXoi 
Si OfJLm^ KM 8t€<^vyop, oi fikv km TrapavrlKO, oi Se 
KM SovXci/eromre? km StaSiSpaaKovre^ v<rr€pov rov^ 
TOVi 8* fpf dvaj(fipffai^ 69 Bjtrdvrjv* 10 

UwaOpourOevre^ Si ol SvpoKoaio^ km ol ^/ifiofxph 
riv re av)(ydKintoiv oaov^ eBvvavro irkeloTov^ km ra 
eKvKa apoKafioprei, dpe)(nop7j<rap e? rrfp woXip* Km 
Tovv flip oKKov^ *A0ffpai(0P km t&p ^v/ifid')(<0Pt owo' 
aov^ ekctfiop, Karefiifiaaiip e? ra^ XtBorofUas, da<f>a'' is 
XeoTorffv elpcu pofuaavre^ rrfp Tripij<np, Nuciap Se km 
AtffUHrOevrjp okopto^ TvXlnnrov amia^d^av. *0 yap 
TiKvmro^ ko^Cop to dya>picfia epofu^ep ol etpM errt 
To2? aXXuOt^ KM Tov^ dpTiOTpaTriyov^ KOfilaM Aokc- 
Ba$fMfpioi^0 UvpejSMPe Be top flip TroXefuwTaTOP ai* 90 
To*9 eUnUf AfffioaOepfjp, But Ta ip tJ 1^9), km IIvXip, 
TOP Be But Ta avTa hrtTrfBeuyrarrop • tov9 yap ex ttj^ 
PT^ov avBpa^ T&p AojceBai^fiOPuop Nueia^ irfyovOv^ 
tirfirf, tnropBc^ irelaa^ toi/9 *A0fipaiov^ iroirjactaOM, 
&(rre a^teOrpmu *Ap0* &p ot re AaKeBacfioPioi ^aap 26 
auT^ Trpoa^CkSi^t kokcIpo^ ov^ ffKiOTa Bia tovto in,- 
arewrai^ eavTop r^ VvXlmrtp irapfh<oKep, ^AlOsja t&p 
SvpoKocrlmp Ttpe^, w^ eXJyero, oi fiip BelaopTe^, on 
7rp09 avTVP eKCKocpoXoyrfPTO, firi jSao'a^fi^ofiepo^ Bia to 
T9^UT0 Tapaj(rfP a^UriP ep evrrpayla woiTiarf, aWnc 30 
30 



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350 THUKTDIDES 

Se, Kcu ovx ^i^rra oi KoplvOiot, fprf j(fnifuur^ S^ 

v&arepov n air avrov yiyrjrcu, nreUramt^ tcw? {i^*^ 
fidj(pv^ cnrt/ereuHW eturov. Ktu 6 fiip rotmrnf ^ on 

Beyyvrara rovrav alritf ireOvritcei, ^tcurra Hf a|co9 im 
r&p y€ hf Ifuw *EXXi}v<w €9 ravro hwmr)(uvi a^&^ 
K€a6ai, Bia rrjv iracav €9 aperriP vepofuafieinpf hcL^ 
rrfBeva-ip. Tov^ S* ev rak XiOcrofuai^ ol Svpafcocio^ 
^aKeiri^ tov9 Trpiirov^ ypovov^ fji.ere)(elpiaav. Ev yap 

10 Kotktp X^P^ ipTOf teai o\ly^ iroXKov^ oil re ^Kufi 
TO irpSnov Ktu ro tnnyo^ er* ektnrei Sia to irrc- 
ycuTTop, KCU al vuktc^ hriyiyvofAemu rovpcanlov fiero* 

irtOpiVCU KCU '^rV^^/MU T^ fACTofioXff €9 CUrOcpeUMV hf€€9* 

T€pi^op, iravra re iroiowrnop ovrw &a arepojgupitm 
15 €P T^ avT^, Kot irpoaeri, t&p veKp&p ofwv eir oXX^ 
Xot9 ^vppeptjfiepcop, <h Ik re tAp rpavfjuxr^p Ktu iii^ 
Tfpf fieraPoXrip kcu to toiovtop cnre0Pf}<rKOP, mi wr^uu 
fl<rap ovK aP€KTol, kcu \ifi£ afjta kcu 81^^ ewie^opro* 
eBiSoirap yap avr&p hcofrrtp m\ okto» fiSjpa/^ Korvksfju 
vsviaro^; kcu Svo kotvXxk alrov, ^ilXXa re Saa cLm^ 
€P Totovrtp X^^pUp ipm'eTrTmKOTa^ KaKonraBfjatu^ ouS<r 

rt OVK erreyepero avroi^. K£u rjfAepa^ fiep epoo- 
firJKOPra riva9 ovt<d Bi/r/Tr)$ij<rcuf aOpoot* iwe^ra, vK^ 
*A0rjpala)P kcu el rcpe^ Xuce\uor&p ^ 'ItoXmotw {t/ye-* 

25 arpareva'ap, rov^ aXKov^ aireSopro, *EKrj^ifa-ait Se 

01 ^fiirapre^, oKpi^eia fiev j^oXcttov e^iirelp, opm^. 
he OVK eXocro-ow ejrTaKL(rj(^Oua>p* Uvpefitf re epyop 
TOVTO 'EXXrjpiKOP T&p Kara top woXje/jlop TovBe pui- 
yiCTOP y€pe<r6ai, SoKeip S' efioiye, Koi &p oko^ *Bhf^ 

9o\rjpiK&p Xafiev, kcu tok t€ Kparrjaact koLfktrpvraim^ 



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EFFECTS OF THE DISASTEBS IN SICILT. 351 

tem rok Sta4fp0ap€io'i iwrvyiirrarmf • tcara ircuna yap 
wavrto^ vucqdiine^t kcu ovSev oXiyop 69 ovSip Kcueo* 
waOriaavTe^, TravoaikeOpia Stj, to "KeyofACPOv, luu ire^ 
suu p^ mi ovSip $ Ti ovk airmkerot tuu oXiyo^ 
awo voKK&p €V oIkov anrepwrnjirav. Tavra imp to i 
'trepi SuceXiop yevop^po. 



XIX EFFECTS OF THE DISASTERS IN 
SICILY. (Lib. VIII. cc.1-4. B. C. 413.) 

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iSuf icaaro^ kcu 17 iro\i9 onrlaTSw re nroXKanf kcu vmrimp 
Km ffKuclcu;, ouw ov^ erepap ewp»p tnrapxpv<rav, €l3ar 
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aim epopufyp r^ pain$K^ en\ top Heipaia TrXev<r€t<r€cu, 



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853 THUKTDIDES. 

aXXa>9 t€ kcu roaovrov /cpanrrjaavTa^, kcH tov9 airo^ 
0€v irdKefUov^ rire Zri lau hmkourUo^ irdma irape^ 
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purafiepov^ km j^pTJfjuMTa, km ra r&v ^fifia^csv e? 
{urifxlXeuxp iromaOM, km itaKurra t^jp Kv^ouxv, t&p 

lore Kara rifp irokof ri c? evreXcuiy <rmif>pavia'M, km 
afyjrpf rwa irpeapvriptov avBp&v ekirOah oi riye9 vepl 
r&p irapopTfop, m &p xatpo^ rj, irpolSovKeuaxwai. Havra 
Tc irpo^ TO irapa)(pfjfui ireptSet^, Hirep ^\ei ifjfLo^ 
voieip, erotfioi ^jtrap evroMrnp. Km w eSofey ov- 

iffToZ?, KM eiroloup ravra, km ro Oepo^ ereXevro. 

Tov S* emyiypofiepov j(€t/MlfPO^ irpo^ ripf he r^ 
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vop woKe/jLOP, ov fjberacjdeip xa^Jop etpM • oi S* oS r&p 

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Pi nrpip diraXKa^o'OM Bia raxpv^ iroXXaj^ raXoiTroo- 
pia^. MciKtoTa Se ot r&p AOrfpaimp xnn^Kooy erol" 
fjLO$ ^a» KM irapa Svpafup avr&p cuf)laTcur0a&, iia 
ro opy&pre^ Kpipew ra irpayfUMra, km p^efi* iiroXei* 

8( iretp Xoyop avroU W ro y eiriop Oepo^ oloi r ecroproA 



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EFFECTS OF TH£ DISASTERS IN SICILT. 353 

ir€piyev€<r0(U* ^H Bi r&v AcueeZcuiAOvU^v iroki^ iraci 
re T0VTOD9 €0ap<r€h mu fuiXurra Sri oi he r^ Xt- 
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i]Sfj, rov vavrucov irpotryeyevtffjtevov, SfJta r^ fjpij <09 
€1X0^, irapeireadat efieXKov. IlavTaxpOep t€ eitkirtSe^ § 
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€\a/3op, K(u /caOeXopre^ hcelpov^ (tvrol rfj^ iratrq^ *EX- lo 
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6 daaikev^ avr&p €P t^ p^6i/ta>i;i rovrtp opfuqOei^ arpar^ 
rm €K AeiceKBlaii ra re rStv ^fip^jfc^p ^py^fpoXoytfaep 
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rrjp iroXKrjp dwoXafimp ^rifiara iirpa^aro, k<u "A'XfU- 
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^vfifia)(lap hretparo irpoaayeiv. AoKeBa^fMPioi Be rrjp 
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eiroMVPro, kcu eavro'k p^ kcu BoicrroU ireme kcu 
eiKOiTiP exarepoi^ h-a^av, ^<oK€v<ri Be k€u AoKpo'k irep^ 
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TleXKripevtri, kcu Sucwopiot^ BeKa, Meyapevat Be Kot Tpoi^ 
^rpfioi^ KCU * EiriZapvUk^ kcu * Epfuopewrt BeKa' rd re 
aXKa irapeaKeva^opro ©9 evOv^ irpo^ ro eap e^p^poi 
rov woXe/jLOv* 

TlapecTKevafypro Be kcu *A0r)pcuoi, &<nrep BiepovOp* ao 
30« 



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854 THUKYDfbCS. 

coy. Of r^ j(€ifi&pt Tovrip rtfv re vauvifylap, f^m 
^fji/iropurofiepoi, fuu Sovptov reij^icame^, Sir»^ cnrroSr 
da^>aKeia row atraycoyok vawriv wf rov wephrkoi^ 
KM TO re iv ry Aaieavise^ reiyuriia eKkiwopre^, S 
6 eptj^/co86/if9j<rap irapair\eovT€9 e9 XuciKianf, fuu riXXa 
el irov r^ cSom dxpelov opaXurKetrBiu, (wrreXKofiOfOi 
c? tvreXeiap, fiakurra Si ra rw l^fifii)(m Suuno^ 



XX. REVOLUTION AT ATHENS, AND ES- 
TABLISHMENT OF THE OLIGARCHY OF 
THE FOUR HUNDRED. (Lib. VHL cc. 65-7L 
B. C. 411.) 

01 fie aiA^i Tov Helauvipov irapmrXeoprei re, &<nr€p 
ioiSt^KTo, T0V9 Sri/iov^ €V T€u^ itoKsa^ Karikuov, luu 
HfjLa etrnv a^ &v j(fopl<ov luu OTrXlra^ ^oirrev c^ta'tw 
avroi^ (vfifjuixpv^ f/KJBov e^ to? *A0rjvei^. Kai Kara" 
Xafifiavovci ra wXeUrra T0Z9 eraipoi^ irpoetpyaa-fimu 
Kai yap ^AvZpoicKia ri riva^ rov S-qfiov fioKurra irpO€* 
15 otAto, ^arapre^ rtve^ r&p v&orepoDv KpiHf>a airoKvei' 
vovaiv, iairep kcu tov ^AKki^uj^v oup^ ijKurTa e^Xaac, 
Kcu ainov KaT afuf>6T€pa, ttj^ re BrjfjLay<oyuv: iptxa, 

KiU olofAeVOt T^ *A\KI,PlcAr) m KaTVOVTl KtU TOV TuT^ 

aa^epvTfv ^iKov woirjaovTi ;^a/>teur^(u, paXXov Tt &- 

80 €^0€ipav * K(u &KXov^ Tiva^ dveirirrfSelov^ r^ adrf 

Tpoirtp KptHJ>a avctKcoaav. Aoyo^ re e#c rot; il>av€poS 

irpoelpyaaro auToi^y m otrre fuado^pffriov elij aX- 



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OUQARCHY or THE FOUR HUNDRED. 35S 

Xov9 ^ T0W9 ^rrparevofLafov^, ovre fieOe/creov tAp irpa^ 
^Ikfvrmv irKeloinv ^ ircvTcuaayiKtoi^ kcu roxnovi A &p 
fAdKurra rdh re j(fyrifiaai seal rok awfuurw a)<l>eKeip 
otoi T€ &atv. ^Hv Sk tovto euirpewk^i irfm tov^; wXel" 
PW9, hrel i^tp y« rrjip iroluv, otirep tuu fieOloTaa'av, 6 
J^icXXoir. ij^/i09 fUrrot ifuo^ in fuu fiovXij ^ diro 
rmi icvaiiAv (vpekeyero* efiovXeuov Sk ovSiv S n fui 
ToS? f vy g g T w ri BoKoUft oKXa suu oi Xeyovre^ ex roth- 
mv Jjtrop, Koi ra ptfOffirofieva wporepov avroU irpov^ 
a-teeirrero. *AvrdKeye re ovBm m r&p SXKmp, SeSic^^ to 
KOI opSp iroKu TO (vpeoTfj/co^* el Be t«9 Koi dpreliroi, 
evOv^ €jc rponrov rivo^ eviTfjBeiov TedvrjKec, seal r&p 
Spaaapre^p ovre ^rfrqai^ ovr ei vTroirreionrro Sueauo^ 
0X9 eylypero, oXX* vifTvyULV el/ev o £^/u>9 tcai Kara^ 
wXfj^tp rotavrrjp, &<rre xepBo^ 6 fi/^ iraaj(a>v rt ^iatop, i» 
ei xai aiy<fff, evofu^e. Kcu to ^we<m]fC09 iroXv irXeov 
^ovfievoi etv€U ^ S^ov ervyxopev ov, ^a&vro rah 
jp»fuu^9 Koi e^pelp (Mvro aZwaroi Svre^ Sia ro fie-- 
,ye0O9 rfj^ TroXem^ tau hia rrpf aKXriSMV aywDciap ovk 
et)(OP. Kara Be ro airo tovto kcu irpoaoXo^vpaadai $o 
rtpi ayapotcrriircafra, &<rre dfAvvaaOcu errtfiovXevaapra, 
aBvparop ^v* Pf yap ayv&ra &p evpev ^ epel, ^ yi^c^ 
pi§jLOP ofincrov. *ilXXiJ\o« yap airavre^ iiroTrrcyi irpotr^ 
^aav oi rov Briftov, i^ fA€T€j(ovrd ripa r&v yiyvofiepfov. 
*Epr)a'ap yap tuu ov9 ovk op irore Tt9 ^Sero €9 oXt,- ss 
yapr^ltw rpanrecOcw km ro atrurrov ovroi fieyurrov 
irpo^ T0V9 9ro\Xov9 eirolfjcap, Koi irXeiara €9 r^p r&p 
okPfov aa^>aKeiap oi<f>€Kff<raPf fieficuov ri^v airurrlop 
T^ Bryj^ irpo^ &iurop Karaarria'apre^, 

*Ep rovnp ovp r^ Kovp^ oi irepi rop Ilela-apBpov ai 



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8S6 THUKTDIDS8. 

ikBorre^ euOif^ ram Xovjr&v ^ypvro. Eju wp&rov p€0 
TOP hfjiiov fi/XXe'lairre? cZttop jvwpi/qv hema opSpa^ ike* 
frdiu (vyypa<l>UK avroKparopa^, tovtov^ Se (vyypof* 
^frairra? yvdfirjfp iaepeyiceaf 69 top hfjiiov e? ripk^paw 

Bpfjn^, Kod* i Ti aptara ^ iroTu^ oicrfa-ercu, "Eveirrm, 
eire^ 17 rfpApa etjnJKe, (vpeKXi^aip ttjip ifocXffiriap «? 
Tov KoXiavov (eoT* S« Upov IIo<reii&vo9 e^ woKea^g 
awexap ara&iov^ fuikurra S^ca), km iarpfejieap o! ^vf* 
ypa^ij^ oKXo pip ot£ep, ovri H tovto, i^hai pM 

Vi^AOripaUdP dpetirelp ypdp/tfp t^ ip tk l3ovXafTai' fj/p 
Se Ti9 TOP eUr^PTa ^ ypayftTfToi irapavopuBP ^ oKK^ 
T<p Tpiirtp 8Kaf^, fieyaXa^ ^ffpuiK errt0€a'ap. *Ep» 
Tovda Sfj Xaprrrp&^s eXJyero ijSff prfre apj^ ofxnw 
pvfSep^iop m he tov outov Kotrpov p^rfre pua0o(f>op&p, 

IB TTpoeSpou^ T€ ikeaOcu irepT€ iipBpa^, tovtov^ 8c ekji^ 
cOcu ixaTop apipa^t lecu r&p exaTOp Skcuttov irpo^ eeu^ 
TOP Tpev;' ikOoPTO^ Se avToif^ Terpateoa-iov^ qpto^ e? 
TO fiovXjevTTipiop, i{y)(€iv Siry &p apurra yiypwrxm^a^^ 
avTOKparopa^, Koi tov^ TrepraicuryCKlov^ Se ^XX^ren^ 

saooTTOToy avrot9 hoie^, Hp 8e o fiep t^p yptip/rpf tov- 
Tfjp elirw Ileia-ap^po^, fuu TSXKa he tov '!rpo^>a!Pwt 
irpoOvpoTora ^vy/eaTaXvca^ top htjpop* 6 p^PTo$ wmm 
TO irpa/ypa ^vpOek^^^p Tpoir^ Karearrj €9 tovto, mi 
€K irXeloTOv hnpeXofBeh *ApTuf>&p fjp, avrfp *A6ripamp 

S5 tSw KoSl* kavTOP apery Te ovSei^ wrrepo^, suu Kpanr^aro^ 
€P0vpf)0fjp€U jepopepo^ tcai & &p ypoUf evn-eta^, fuu €9 pip 
Srjpop ov irapuop ovB* e9 aXKop ay&pa hcovaio^ ovScpo, 
oXX' vTTifimw T^ 'ttXriOeL &a So^ap BeipoTtfTo^ hiatcup/^ 
po^9 T0V9 pApToi dyoopi^ofiepov^ kcu hf BiKCumffpl^ tuu 

so Of StJ/a^ irkeiara eU aprip, &rTi9 ^/ifiovkeva-curro Ti» 



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OLIGABCHT OF THE FOUR HUNDRED. 857 

SwdfAevo^ m^Xeuf. Kai aurd^ re, hreiS^ ra r£a» 
Terpcuaxruov ev varepip fierafireacvra viro rod Srifwu 
acoKovTO, apurra ifxilvercu r&v f^^XP^ ^/^^ inrep air&p 
TWT»p alruiOek, (09 (vyKcn-ean^a-e, Oavarov SliCffv anro^ 
XofffftrofAevo^. Ilap4<r)(e ie tuu ^pvv^'xp^ ectvrop ircw' f 
r99v iui^povTt^ irpoOvfunarov €9 rfjp oKtr^ap^laVt Se- 
0M»9 Tov AXiapuiorpf, kcu etriarafieifos €iJo&ra avrov 
oca ey rp Sof^f vpo^ rov *AoTvoj(pv mpa^, vafU^mv 
WK atf iroT€ avTOP Kara ro ehm inr oXvfap^la^ icareX* 
6elv* voku re irpo^ ra Seufo, hreiirprep xnrecrq, ^e- w 
peyyvtoraro^ &l>ain], * Km Sfjpafjtevri^ 6 rov ^'Ajvodvo^ hf 
roU ^vytcaroKuovo'i rov Sfyjuov irpSno^ ^p, avijp oire 
emetp ovre yp&pcu aZvpcpro^. "Hare air dpBp&p woXK&p 
fuu ^verSnf irpaj^Sep to epyop ovk amrei/corco^, Ktuirep 
fieya op, irpovyjipriire • ^(aKjeirop yap ffp- rop ^A0fjP€u<op 16 
SfjfLOP €T€t i/earoirr^ frnKurra, e^re^ ol rvpappot /ca~ 
rekuOriaap, iXevdepia^ irava-cu, kcu ou fiopip p^ vinqKoop 
opra, d\Xa xai inrkp fjp^av rov ypopov rovrov avrop 
SXKap apyeip euaOora. 

^EvetBrf Stf ri LeKkfjaia ovSepo^ avreiiropro^, aXka^ 
KVptoa-aaa ravra SteKuOri, rov^ rerpoKOirlov^ tjBff vore- 
pop rpoirtp roi^e €9 ro povKevrr^piop iirrffayop. Haav 
Auffpcuoi iropre^ au ot fiep em rei^^i, oi o cp 
rd^eit r&p ip AeKeKelff TroXe/uoov ipeKO^ €<f> ottXoi^. 
T^ ovp ^pspa iicelpTf rov^ fiep fj^ ^vpeiZorcP! elaaop, ^ 
&<nr€p euadea-ap, dweXdelp, ro2^ B* ep rr) ^pcofjuxria 
ckpifTO rjovy^, fiff err airroU roU SttXoi^, oXX' airodep, 
ireptp^ieip, /uu rjp t«9 epurrffrcu rol^ irBtovp»epoi^, Xa* 
ffdvra^ ra oirXa p,rf emrpeireip. Hactp Be ko* Ap^ 
Bpwi tcai T7\Pioi K<u Kapvaruop rpuucocioi km Aiy^^ 



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358 THUETDIDBS. 

Vfirip rw hroUmv, o^ ^Adfi^aloi Smfiiyaa^ ohe^fttn^ 
To^, eir aviv tovto iftunn^ hf rok hivrSw HirKont, 
ch ravra vpoeifnjro. Tovtwv Bi hiMrertvfiUiftov odron 
€Kj9ovt€9 oi rerpoKOirtoi, fiera ^i/^iilov cufMvov^ i/eatrro^g 

Siciu oi eltcoo'i xai i/canvp fier aur&p ''EXXfp^e^ pear' 
vUrKoif oh ixp&PTO el rl irov Seoi x^^P^^PT^* ^^^ 
OTfiaav roli anro rod /evofwu fiovKevrai^ oi<nv ep rA 
fiovXtvrripl^, tau Amp airoi^ i^ieptu \afiov<r$ iw fu- 
adop* S<f>€pop Se ainrok rod vvoXolirov ypopov irtxpro^ 

wauroi, /ecu ^towrtp iSiSo<rap. V^? S« rovnp r^ rpo' 
irf 1j re l3ov\fi ov^ atmiTroMd inre^fjXjOe, 9uu oi 
aXKoi iroXirai ovBip epewrepi^op, oXX' V^^vxo^op, oi 
Si reTpcucoa-toi areXOopre^ h ro fiovXevn^piop rore 
fjL€P irpvTOipei^ re tr^Sav avr&v airexkrfpwaap, Ktu Sea 

ibwpo^ T0V9 Oeov^f e^{U9 xcu dvaUu^ tcaOurrdfiepot e? 
TTfP ap^rfp e)(priaapro, wrrepop Be iroXu fLeraXKa^ap-^ 
re^t T^ rov Btf/JLOV Biouerjaew^, TrkrfP rov^ if>evyopTa^ 
ov Karfjyop rov *A\ki^mBov ipetea, ra Be SXKa epefiop 
Kara Kparo^ rrjip itoXap. Kal SvBpa^ re riva^ anrer 

$Ofereipap ov iroXKov^t A ^teovp iirtrrfBeioi ehnu vire* 
^cupeffripai, fcai SXKov^ SBtfaap, roif^ Be teal furetmi^ 
capro • iTpo^ re ^Ayiv rop AaxeBaifiopioDP ficurtXea, Spra 
€P ry AeieeKela, eiretcfjpvtcevopro, Xeyopre^ BuCKKcuffipai 
fiovkeaOai, /col uko^ etp<u avrop tr^ia^i^ iccu oviceri r^ 

26amriarip Btf/up, paXXop ^vyj(a>p€ip. *0 Be pofU^mp r^ 
troKip ov^ Tjovj^a^eip, ovBe evOv^ ovr<o rop Btj/jlop rrpf 
irakaiap eXevOepiap irapaBmaetp, ei re arpariop ttoXt 
Xrjp tBoi {r<f>S>v, ovK &p fi<nr)(aaeLP, ovBe Ip r^ 'rrapopri 
iropv Ti iTKrrevfap firj ov/cert rapdrreaOcu avrov^, rok 

»fi€p diro r&p rerpa/coauop eXBovaip ovSep ^v^fiaru^p 



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OVEBTHROW OP THB OLIGARCHY. 359 

^nrexplvaro, irpoafierairefA'y^fieiHy; &€ etc IleXoirowi^aov 
irrparr^av ttoXX^j/ ov iroTCK^ voTepov kcu axno^ r^ im 
7199 AeiceKelafi <f>povpa fiera rSnf ksJBovrcav xari^ri irpos 
aura ra reixn t&v *A07pfiU€DP, ek'trlaa^ ^ rapa'^Bev 
ra^ ainov^ fioKkov av yupioOrjvoL a'<f)la'iv y fiouKjov B 
rai, fj fccu avTO^oet &v Sta rov hfBodev re §uu e^0€P 
Kara ro €ua>^ yevrfcofiepov Oopv^ov* r&v yap pycucp&v 
Teifxfiv huk ripf Kar avra ep^fiiap Xrjf^ay^ ov/c &v 
dfiaprehf. *if29 Se nrpotrefu^ r€ iyyxs km ol *A0f}* 
vdiot ra piv evZoOeif ovB* airc^OTtovp iKii^aav, rot/v 10 
Sk hnrea^ harip/^^fiurre^ icai p,ipo^ ri r&v o/irkiT&v tcci 
'^ikav K€u ro^or&p Svhpa^ re KarefiaSjov ain&v &a 
ro iyyv^ irpoaeKJdelv kcu ottXmv rtv&v km veKpSnt hcpoi' 
rrja-aVt ovr<o S^ 71/0119 aTrriyaye iraKuf rf^p arpanap. 
Km airro9 fiep Kav oi p£r avrov Kara ^cipai/ €P r^ Ae^ is 
KeKela ep^epop, tov9 8* eireXOopra^ iiklya^ ripa^ rip,epw; kp 
rp yi p^elpopra^ airerrep'^ep err oikov. Mera Be rovro 
nrapa re rop "Aytp eirpeafievopro ol rerpaxotnot ovSep 
^<rop, KOi hcelpov p£KKop ijSfj irpotrhe^op^pov kclL rror 
paivovpro^ eKirepmovai Koi €9 ri^p AoKeSalp^pa irepi^ 
^pk^aKreto^ wpetrffei^, ^ovXop,epo$ ButKKayfjipau 



XXL OVERTHROW OF THE FOUR HUNDRED 
AND AFFAIRS INTRUSTED TO THE FIVE 
THOUSAND. (Lib. VIIL cc. 97, 98. B. C. 411.) 

'Eiri 8' oip roU ^yyeXpepoc^ oi ^Adrpfcuo^ path re 
GMoaip o/iQ>9 hrXripovp, km eKKkfia-iap cvpeKeyop, p^lap 



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360 THUKTDIDBa 

f(€v €v$v^ Tore irp&Tov e? t^ UvKPa icaKovfuiifrpff o&ir€p 
teeu aXKore tHOeaav, kv ^€p luu tou? rerpoKoalov^ tear 
ranraiHroane^ toZ? irevTcuwrxpuoi^ e^^ltrcano ra irpar 
jfjuira iTfipaZoinHU * ^tiHU Sc ainSap^ ovoaoi SirXa irapi^ 

Bj(pvT(u* KM luaffov fMjSdiHi <l>€p€tv fJiojSefUf cipx^t A 
Sk fjin/jf etrdparov eiroiria-avTO, *Eyiyvovro Se koI aXKtu 
wrrepov irvKvai hcKKfitriat^ a(f> &v km vofboOera^ Koi 
rSXKa €^fjif>la'airro e? r^ troXtrelop, Kai ou^ ffKurra 
&) Tov irpSnov j(povap errl ye ifLou ^AOtjvcuoi ifuuvov* 

10 TO* €? iroXireja-apre^ • fierpia yap ^ re e? rov^ oX/- 
yov^ K4U Tou^ iroXKov^ ^vyKpaai^ iyevero, kcu he irovff 
p&v T&v irparffiaTfov yevofxeiwv tovto irpSnov avrpf^Ke 
rrjv nriXxv. *E^<l>l<ravTO Si Koi ^AXKijSuiZfiv Koi 
aXKov^ fiST airov Karievat, Koi wapd re heeivov koX 

IS TTopa TO €v SofA^ oTpaTOTTeSov Tr^^ravT69 ii^KeXevomo 
avOairreaOcu t&p vpajfuiTKov. • 

Ev Be tJ fLeTal3o\y Toirrj; evOv^ ol fiiv irepi top 
Helcai/^pov KCU ^AXe^ueXea, kcu Sa-oi ^aap rrj^ oXtyctp' 
'jfjm fuikurra, inre^epxovrcu e? t^ AeKeKjEiav *Apl- 

noTCLpxp^ Se cwT&v /jlovo^ (^"^^ 7^ ^ arparffy&v) 
Xafioiv Kara r(V)(o^ ro^ora^ rwa^ rov^ Papfiaporra- 
Tov^, €^cip£t irpo^ T^p OwoT}v. Hv 8e *A0fpfcua)v ep 
fieOopiot^ rfj^ Boiosria^ tcaj^o^, hroKiopKovv S' ovto 
Zm, ^vp^pav cr^laiv €k ttj^ OIvot^ yevofievrjv dvSp&p 

V €K AeKeXela^ dva')(tapovvrfov Zi,a^6opa^ ol KopivOioi, ede- 
XovTfjSop irpo^nrapOKOLKjeaavre^ rois Boudtov^, KoivO' 
Xoytfcafjiepo^ oiv ainoi^ o ^Aplarap^o^ dirara tov^ ev 
T^ Olpoff, \ey<ov m KCU ol ev rfj iroKei riXKa fv/A/Se- 
Pr)Kiyn AcueeBcufiovtoi^, Kdxeivov^ Set BoudtoI^ to ^ci»» 

loplov nrapahovvcu* hn tovtow yap ^vpfie/Sdaffcu. Oi 



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SEA-FIGHT OFF KYNOS-SElfA. 361 

2« irurreuaavre^ m dvSpl irtpaTrfj^, km ovk ^or€9 
ov^ev Bia TO TroXtopKeurOcu, xnrotnrovZoi i^eff^ovrau 
Tovnp /JL€V T^ Tpoirip Olvofjv Xfj^deiaav Boumol xare- 
Xafiov, Kcu y iv Tcu^ *A6r[vcu^ o\i/>iap^la leai araai^ 
hroMraro. f 



XXIL SEA-FIGHT OFF KYNOS-SEMA, IN 
THE HELLESPONT. (Lib. VHL cc. 102-106.) 

Ol he ^AOrpHuo^ iv r^ Xrjfrr^ hvotv Beowra^ elfctHn 
vavaip opre^, cov avroh o$ re ^pviermpot etrrffuuvop ' 
Mu yaOapovro ra irvpa l^cu^vrfi iroKKa €P ry nroKS' 
/lUf ffxafevTO, eypoxratf Sri icwkioxHTtv oi HtK/mowr^ 
cioi. Biol T^ avrlj^ ravrvf^ wkto^ w^ etypv rdxpt^ lo 
{nrofu^avre^ ry Xepcovrja^, irapeirXeov hr ^EXaioSv 
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ov^ eni rfj^ "Ifi^pov /cai Arifivov Sie<l>vyov, riatrape^ 
$€ T&v ve&v al vtrrarcu irXeovacu KaroKafifidvovrcu 
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TO Upov Tov npcmeciXjeca avrot^ avSpcun Xafi^dvovait 
ouo 0€ erepa^ avev raw avopcov * rrp^ be fJkULV irpo^ 
T^ '^Ififip^ Kevfiv /carajealova-i, Mera Si rovro toZ? 
re ef *A^vSou ^^fiiyeurai^ xai t<u9 aXKxu^ ^iiira^ 
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362 THUKTDIDSB. 

eatq in tuu oySoiiicovTa wokiopieiia'can-e^ 'JSXcuouyra rtu^ 
Tfiv riiv fiiUpaift »$ ci wpoirej(i»p€h aireirKewratt k 
"AfivBov. 

Oi Si *Adfivaioi ^p^evaOdvre^ r&p tricoir&v, kcu ov/r 
%&v olofjbevoi 0-^09 XaOeiv rov irapdirXow rm TroXe- 
filoDV veSnf, oXXa koJO* ^cvxiov reixof^X^^^^* ^ 
yaOovTO, €u0v^ airoXiirovre^ rfpf Epeaov Kara Ta)(p^ 
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n^KoTtowricUiV alpovinp, i& irpos to Tr€K(vyo<: r4r€ 

10 OpcuTvrepov ip r^ Sm^u airapeuxcu wepieiretrop auroUg 
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9vpra, KM ra^ €k rfj^ "IfAfipov iacu Kar€<f)vyop KOfu^ 

*' fypTOh ted* €9 rriP pavfJLaf)(^lav irepre runpa^ rrape-- 
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15 Oi *A0ffpaioi iraperrKeop hri K€p€d^ ra^ofjuevoi wop* 
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Km «9 Sypcoaop paopa/ffr^opre^, trapereipap ro Kepa^, 
•i fAep A6fjfP€UO^ vapa r^p Xepcopijaop, ap^ap^evo^ 

aoiMTo ^ItoKov fkixpi ^Appaw&p^ y^ §^ km ifiSoiJ^ 
KOprOf oi h* ai neKcnrQPpriatot wiro ^Afivhov p^XP^ 
^etpoopov, prj€9 okt» km el^iycopra* Kepa^ 0€ rot9 
pip n€Koiroppf)a'loi^ ^t^op ro p^ep Se^u^p SvpaKoa-iot, 
ro 8* irepop (turo^ MlpSapo^ km r&p pe&p ai apurra 

95 wXeova-cu, *A0ffpaloi^ Se ro pikp apiorepop OpdavXXo^g 
Se Qpturv^ovKo^ ro Se^wp * oi hi okKko^ orparTfyci m 
iKCurroi iterafyano. ^Eirevfopepfop hi r&p IleXxyiropp^ 
CKOP wporepop re ^uppu^Mt km Kara pip ro Se^iop 
r&p AOfiPiuoip inrep{r)(ppre^ ainoi t^J ewopvp^ airo- 

aoicX^o* rov l^o) airoif^ CKirkov, el hvpauno, Kara Si 



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SEA-FIQHT OFF KTNOSSEMA. 863 

TO fUfTov e^Accu wpot rrgp yfjp oujf eira^ citraif, oi 
A0rjpa2oi yvopre^, 17 fjiev efiovKovro irroi^pa^aaOcu ov- 
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oKpop ^ Kuiw cr^/ia KoKelrcu. T^ Se fUaf, roufv* $ 
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pouoi KoOurrapTO, aXX(»9 re luu iKaatroin ypifiepoi, 
TO itKfjOo^, ic(u rov ywfdov rov rr^pi ro Kvw crjfjM 
o^euip lau ytnfKoSff rrpf ireptfidX^ i/ovro^, &<rr€ ra 
€P r^ eirixeiva avrov ytypofiepa it/q tedroirra mIpoi, 10 
npoaimropre^ ovp oi IleKoiropprfffioi ro fUaOp i^&ocdp 
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yrjip hre^^ffaop, r^ ^PJT ^o^<^ irepuryopre^ ^AfiSvai 
S« T^ fiea^ ov$* oi irepl top 0p€urvl3ovXop dm rov 
Se^tov vTTo trkrfiov^ r&p hriMtfiepoop pe&p iBvpopro, li 
OV0 oi rrepi rop 0pdavKkop otto to5 €V09PVfU)v * o^o- 
pe^ r€ yap fjp &a rijiP ascpap ro Kviio^ ^fJM$ tcai 
ifjLa oi SvpoKoato^ kcu oi aXXoi ov/c tKaairov^ eirire" 
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ccK, iravfrapLCPOt t^ eirefaQfOK^ i^&7 tov Ktpto^ luu 
etrapacrpey^cane^ evOv^ fipvpamo re km rpitrova^, teai 
Ta9 Kara ro PiKfjaap r&p TleXonopptfO'lciP fUpo^ viro-m 
XajSilpre^ ireTrXaprffiepa^ eKOirrop re koI 69 <l>ofiop to? 
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BwKore^ K(u fiaXXop h <f>vyrjfp opfATjo-apre;, eireiBii Koi 
rov^ SXKov^ etopfop. Feyeprffieprj^ Be rrj^ rpoiny;, KcuVi 



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864 THUKTDIDES. 

Kartufivyoprmv r&p UeKoirowfiirUvp vpo^ rov MeiSiop 
fiaKurra worafiov to irp&rov, vtrrepov Si e? "AfivSop, 
vav^ fjk€v oXJytui eKafiov oi ^AOtfvcuo^ ({rretm yap &v 
o ^EKKrjinrovTo^ ^paf}(€ut^ ra^ awoifwya^ roU evav^ 

f rlot^ TTopelx^), ripf fUirroi vlicrjp ravrrjv rfj^ vavfiaxw 
emiuuporaTfiv B^ eaypv. ^o^oufieifoi yap Teco9 ro 
r&v HekonrowfiiTunf vavrucov hia re ra Kara Pp<V)(y 
cifxiKfUMTa KcH &a t^ hf r^ XuceKuf ^fj^pav, amj/Xr 
Xa^yrfaav rov a^>as re avrov^ Kara^jLefi^adcu /eat rov^ 

10 iroXefAlov^ en d^lov^ rov €9 ra vavruca uofil^eiv. NaSh 
fieproi r&v evavrUnv XofA^avovai Xuk fiev otcrw, Ko 
pivBla^ Se irevre, *Afnrpa^u!m3a^ Be Svo tcai JBom»- 
Tia9 SvOf AevicaSl^v Se seal AaxeBaifJMvlc^p /ecu Svpar 
KOCKOP ica* UeKK/qpetap fuap eKaaraP' auroi Se irepre* 

IB /calBeKa paSh diroXKuaci. Xrr^aapre^ he rpofwaiop I'srt 
Tff ojcpif ov ro Kvpo^ o^/us» iccu ra pavar/ia irpotror 
ya/>fop^poif Koi rov^ pexpov^ roU epopriois inroarrop' 
Bou^ diroSopre^, direareiXav kcu €9 rcp; *A6ripa^ '^P^'VpV 
ar/yeXop rij^ pucty;. 01 Se d^pucofiepff*: rrj^ pem, kcu 

^dpekTriarop r^p evrv)(lav aKovaavre^ eiri re t£M9 trepl 
rifp Ev^ouxp aprt ^p/l>opak teal Kara rrjp ardait 
yeyevfjfjkAcu^, tro\v eireppcixrdfia'av, xai epofuaav tr^urw 
eri Bvpara etpai, ra irpdyfAara, fjp irpoOvfuo^ dprt- 
XafLfidpofprcu, ireptyepeaOai. 



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BENO^ON. 



L RETURN OP ALKBBIADES. (Hellbnica, 
Lib. L o. 4. B. C. 407.) 

A\kiI3u£i]^ Se, ^ovXofievo^ fiera r&v (rrpari(i>T&p 
airoTrketv oi,kc£€, amKyOn) evdv^ eni Xafiov, E/e^^ldeu 
Be, \afii)v T&v ve&v eiKoav, eirXeva-e r^ Kaplan e? 
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raKavra, ijKev h r^v Sdfiov, OpaavfiovXo^ Se <ruif 5 
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T€ aXKa x^P^ '^^ irpo^ AcucehoLfioviov^ fieBeavrjKOTa 
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vwva Se rpirop €K t&p oikoOcv. A\Kifiu£rf^ B* ix 
rfji Sa/MV, e^tap ra j^prjfiara, KareifXjevaep e9 Uapop 
pavaip etKoo-ip. ExeWep B avrj^Orj €v0v FvOecov cttI ts 
tear cur Koir^ r&p rpiripetap, Av emwOapero AaxeBaifw 
piov^ avToOt wapacKeva^eip rpiaKOPra, kcu tov ottt^^ 
fearairXov, Sirto^ ^ waX^9 wpo^ avrop ^oi. Eir^l Sk 
31 • 



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366 XENOFHOIi. 

edpa eavT^ evpovp oia-av, luu trrparfiyov axnw ^ptfr 
fUpov^, sccu }Zl(f fierairefjm-ofievots rov^ eiri^rrfSeiov^, tear 
reirXeua-ep €9 rov IleipauL rjfiepif, J HkmmqpuL ^jev 
17 iroXi^f Tov ^U9 KaroicetcaXufifjLevov rrj^ ^Afffjva^' & 

%Tiv€^ oltavl^avTO avemrriBeiov etvM fuu air^ fuu r^ 
irokei, *A0fjvtu0V yap ov8$k $p Tovrp r^ Vf^Pf W" 
Salo^ oirovBalov epyov roXpajaiU hv Sf^^utrOiu. Ko- 
TcnrXeovTo^ B^ avrov, S re Ik rov HupaiA^ km o 
he rov wrreo^ oj^Ko^ ffipoUrdri wpo^ ra^ pa!h, O^w 

10 /iofovre? Kci l^w ffov\6fi€vo$ rov ^SKkiSm^Vs \e* 
yovre^ oi fiep, on w Kparurro^ wq r&p iro\&r&v, mm 
fwvo^ dm-eXoyriffff, m ov Bucaia^^ ^vyoi^ einffovKeuOeii 
Si viro rS>v ekarrov cKelpov Bwafiofwv, fuy)(6fipoT€p6» 
Tff Xeyovrav, Koi irpo^ ro ain&v ZSmw K€p8o^ ttoXi- 

iBrevovTwv, exeivov del ro koivov av^vro^^ km dftn 
r&v avrov, km airo rov 7179 woKean Bwarov' l^e- 
Xoirro9 ii rdre Kplv&rOcu "jrapayfpijfui, r^ Mrla^ apr^ 
yv^€vriiUif7i^9 m f)<r€/3fiKoro^ C9 ra fivarripia, vwep^ 
fiaXKofiepoi 01 ij(0po\ ra BoKovpra tUma etvM, airovra 

soovToi; €ar€pfi<rcw r^ irarplBo^' ep ^ Xpivv* v^ «W 
;^ai/ta9 ZovKewop, ^payKoaOif pip Oepam'eveip rov^ €%di* 
arrow:, KipBvpevmp aei irap iKaarqp iipApav airoX^* 
a0M' T0V9 Se ouceioraTOt^, iroXira^ re Koi ^vyyepei^ 
KM ripf irikip aircurap opS>p e^p,aprapovaa^, ovk ely^ 

S6^Q»9 iil>e\ot7f, ^irfji aire^pyofiepo^ • ovk e^a^av he rip 
ou»p irep avro^ oprtop ko^p&p SelcOM irpar/pMrmp ovSi 
p^raaraa-eeo^, ^Tirdp^etp /jlcv yap he rov Si^fAOV atrr^ 
p£P, r&p re fpuKUorSiv rrkeop €)^ip, km rm wpeafiv 
r€p(0p p^ eXxirrova-ffM • roU S' airrov exjSpoU, rot* 

movropf SoKeSv elpoh 01019 'trep wporepop, varepop £e 



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BETUBN OF ALKIBIADES. 867 

SvP€ur0€i<rtP diroXKuvtu rois fieXricTov^, avrov^ it, 
fAovov^ 'X£uf>0€VTet^, Bi airro tovto ayam-acOcu vtto t&v 
iroXtrAv, &ri irdpoi^ Pekrlo^iv owe tl^ov XPV<^^* •* 
8e, irt rw irapoixofUv<»p avroi^ kok&v yAvo^ airio^ 

€ifj, T&V re <f>off€p&V SvTtOV T§ VO\€i y€V€<rO{U fi/OVO^ s 

Ktvhweuircu ^efimtf tcaToarfjvai. ^AXKifiuiBff^ Be, wpo^ 
Tqp yfjjv opfuaOeh, oTre^oo^ flip ovk evOec^, ^ofiov* 
fA€PO^ Tov^ exPpov^' erravcurra^ Be hri rov tcaraarpa' 
^Laro^, effKOfret rov^ avroO hrtTrfSelov^, ei vapehfiacuf. 
Kar£mv ^ Eiptnrro\efi>op top IleuruuuucTO^, eavrov lo 
Se dpe^iop, K4U rov^ oKKov^ oUeiov^, km rov^ j>tKov^ 
fA€T avT&v, tire dirofid^, dpaficUvei h t^ irokip fiera 
r&p Trapea/c^wurfiepioPy el tk Sfrroiro, fjifj hnrpewew. 
*Ep Be tJ /3ovX^ teai t$ e/CKKrfaia diroXoyija'dfjtepo^^ 
w OVK ^^effrjKei, eUra>v Be, co9 fjBiKfjTCU, "Ke^depTWP is 
Be Kcu aXKMP roiovroav, k<u ovBevo^ dmeinroPTO^ Bul to 
fi^ aP€ur)(4iT0(U &p Tfjp eKKXffciap, dpapprfOei^ anroprtdP 
fjiyei»^p €KUTOKpaTtdp, w olo^ re &p a&acu ripf irpo^ 
repop rfj^ iroKeo>^ BvpofUP, irporepop /jl€P ra fn/crr^ 
pia r&p *A07ipalmp Kara OaKarrap dfjoprtop Bia rov so 
rroKefiop, Kara yrjjp hrolvfcep, efayaywp tou9 arpa" 
ruara/fi iiravra^' fura Be radra KareXe^arro arpandp, 
inXirai^ fiep irepreucociov^ Koi j(^iXiov^, Unrein Be irev' 
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KvutP r&p ^A0ffpalt»p* km fier avrov ^ApurroKparti^ 
teal *ABeifuipro^ 6 AevKoXo^iZov <Tupen'eiJL^>6fi<rap, oi 
^prifUpoi Kara yrjp arpanrrffoL ^AXKifiiaBij^ Be dm' 
filfiaae ro arpdrevfia r^ ^ApBpuv; x^P^ ^ ^^ 
ptop, eKfifyqOriaapraf; Be rov^ *ApBplov^ erpe^^upro, /mm an 



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368 ZENOPHON. 

teaT€KK£urav h rr/v iroKiv tcai riva^ anreicreaHw <fd 
7roXXov9, KM T0V9 Aatco»v4K9 A auTodi fjcav. *AXxi^ 
/8taSi79 Se rponrcuov re ecTrfire, km fielpo^ aurov dKi" 
709 fjfAtpa^, eirXeva-ev e? Xa^v KOKeWev opfMa^JLCvo^ 
• eTToXe/iCi. 



n. SEA-FIGHT NEAR AEGINOUSAL (Hel 
UBNiCA, Lib. I. a 6. B. C. 406.) 

Oi Se *A0fivaioit ra yeyeptffieva km rrjv iroXiopKiaif 
ejrei fiKOvaaVt ey^^iaavro fforjOelv vavoiv hcarov km 
SeKO, eafiiffa^ovre^ rov^ ev rjKucia ovrtt^ aiTMrra^, km 
hovKov^t KM ikeuBepov^* km trkripwacane^ B^Ka km 

10 hcarov ev rpuiKoma fjp,4pcu^, cvir^pav * eta-efirfaav Si 
/CM T&v imreap iroXKoL Mera ravra ajngj^^Sfjaav e? 
Sofiov, KfKcWep Safiia^ vav^ eKafiov Scico. "HOpotF^ 
amf Be km aXKa^ wKelov^ ^ rpiaKOvra irapa rw 
aXKoop ^fifjLajdoov, eaffalvetp avar/Kaaavre^ airavrai^* 

15 ofJboiw^ Be KM el rive^ auroU erv^ov e^ owrcu. ^Eye- 
vovTo Se M irMTM irkeiov^ ^ wevrrfKOvra km eKarov. 
*0 he KaXKiKpartBa^, oKOuav rriP fiorfieiav rjBrf ep Xofi^ 
ovaM^, avTov fiep Kareknre ireprrfKOPra pav^ km apyppra 
^Ereopueop* rah Be elKoai km exarop cuKtxOek, eBei 

so wpoTTomro rfj^ Aeafiov eirl r^ MdKea cucpa caniop rffi 
MiTvKqpi]^. T^ B* airy Vf^P^ ervxop km ol ^AffTf 
pcuoi Beiwpoiroiovfjtepot ep rw * Apyivovaai^ • ovtm B* 
euTip avTiop T^ AiaPov eir\ rfi MoCKea uKpa, opt lop 
rrjfi MirvXTpnf^. T^ Be pvkto^ iBiup ra Trvpti, km 



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SEA-FIGHT KEAB ABGINOUSAI 36d 

Tiwop auT^ e^a^eiKavTcop, Sri *A0fjpa2oi etep, api^ero 
vepl fuira^ vvicra^, m e^airipalco^ irpoinreaou "Thmp 
S* €irir/€POfi€POP irdkv kcu jSpoprai SceKciiKvaap r^p opor 
r^wyrflf, ^JEttc* Sc dp€aj(€p, afia r^ VH'^Pf ^^* ^ttI 
TOf *Apyivov4r(K, 01 S AOripaiot apraprf/opro 69 to 5 
ir^ka/yo^: r^ eviopvfup, Traparera/yfiepot eSSc* ^Apurro- 
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Be TO Be^uip Kepa^ KaXXiKparlBa^, "Epp^p Be Meya- 
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ravra evavfiax^cav j^ovoi; iroXvp^ irp&rov fiep adpdat, 
eweira Be Biea-KeBcurpepcu, Eire} Be KaWiKparlBa^ 30 



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870 XENOPHON 

T€, ififiakovarj^ r^ P€<o^, airoir^awv €9 Ttflf ^oXXor* 
TOP ff^KOfiadfif npo9r6fJMj(p^ re luu ol iier avrov r^ 
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nowTfaiw eyevero €9 Xiop, Tr\eUrrtnf & tuu €9 ^ci- 

itcauw. Ol Se *A0fpfaioi traXip h roi *Apytvova'aii 
scareirXeva'av, AfrwXopro Be r&v fLev AOtfpaiwv vrje^ 
V€PTM tuu UKOiTiv ouToU avSpoatv, e/nv^ oKvfmv, r&p 
irpo^ TTJv yrpf irpoaepexOevrtov • t&p Se neXoTrovpffaiav, 
Aajemvuuu fiep evpea, ircurSw ovaSw Ziica * rSnf V SxKmp 

10 (vfifuif)(f»v vXelov^ ^ e^TiKovra. "EBo^e Be icai rw 
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vauai SfipojJkonfp re kcu SpaavfiovkWt rpn^pap^ov^ 
iprofit icai r&p ra^td/yxj^p riva^ wKelp eni roi ko^ 
roBeBvKvia^ vav^ tuu rov9 hr air&p -apOpmTrov^' rah 

B B* aXKa4i9 iwl ra^ fier 'Ereopitcov r^ MirvKi^prf e^p^ 
yuovtra/i. TaSna Be PovXoiievov^ irotelp, avefio^ xai 
yeifjMP avrov^ B^eKa>\ua'e, fieya^ yepofiepo^, Tporrcuov 
Se 0TT^a4n'e^ avrov, rjixi^opro. T^ S' ^EreovLcfp i 
irrfiperum Kekffi iraura ^tffyeCKe ra irepH ^r^ vav 

miMvxJ^w. *0 Be airov vaktv e^eirefi^^^p, ehri»p roh 
epovai, auoTT^ eserrXeaf, tuu p/ijBepl BuiKeyeaOa^ vapcf 
Xpfff^ Bi avBi^ irysjetv €9 to eavr&p orparoTreBov core- 
^Mvwiuevov^ KCii fio&pra^, Hn KdKKucparlBa^ pepUrim 
paviuv)(Ssp, Koi Sr^ aX r&p ^AOi^palwp pfje^ anroXiiKo/aof 

fi airaaai. Koi ol fiep ravr eiroioxnf * atrro9 o , erreiofi 
eKclpoi KareirXeov, eOve ra evayyekuiy /uu roi^ orpa^ 
TAQ>TiM9 iraprjyyeiXe BeiirvoTroieladai, kcu rol^ efirropoK, 
ra ypriiiara cuott^ epOefiepov^ €9 ra wXoia amvnXea^ 
C9 Xlop, (^1/ Be ro irpevfia ovpiop,^ kou ra^ rpir^pev; 

v\ripf ra')(i<miP' airo^ Be ro ire^p dirfjyep €9 rtfp Mri^ 



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BATTLE Ol AIOOSPOTAMOL 371 

Ovpipav, TO KrrparciTr^Sov ifvnrfyrja'a^. Kovwf Si 9ca0€kr 
KU<r<K ra^ vcuh, etrel ot re woXe/uoi airohebpaiceaa^t 
KM ape/ju}^ evBuurepo^ ffy, wirairrria'a^ rak *A0ff 
vaioi^ ij^ avfgyiUvo^ Ik rw *Apyi9nv<r&p, i^paae ra 
irefi rod *Ereovlicov. 01 Be ^AOifwuoi leareirKewrc^f b 
€9 T^ MiruKrpnp^, iiceWev f eirmtrp(Of^ap €9 t^ 
Xlow * Koi ovBhf Sunrpi^^afiepo*, cnreirXevaaif hri SafM>v. 



nt BATTLE OP AIGOSPOTAMOL (Hellb- 
NicA, Lib. IL o. 1. B. C. 405.) 

T^ S' errwmL erei, eni ^Afy/yrov fiep ei^pevovro^g 
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fupo^ €9 ''E<f>€aov, fiereirefi'^To ^EreopiKOV e/c Xlov lo 
(vp rah vaucl, mu ra^ aXKa^ iraaa^ ^vprfOpourev, el 
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fuvra ^ei' 6 S' avr^ ehrev, Sri ra fiev irapa )9a- 
aikeo^^ amjKo^lMva etf), fuu Sri irXeioD iroXK^, BeiKVV^v, 15 
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papxw^ en-earrjo'e, icai rovi vavreu^ rop o^eikofiepop 
fucffov aireBc^Ke, IleLpeaKevd^ovro Be /uu oi rSw ^AOfj* 
paUop aTpar7)yo\ irpa^ r}> pavri/cop ep ry Sdfiq>* ao 

Kvpo^ B eiri rovroi^ fiereTrefJu^ro AvaopBpop, eirei 
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eyyw KaBovaiwp, €(f> ov9 earparevtrep a^ar&ra^* 



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872 XBNOPHQN 

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walov^, iap fjurj iroXX^ irXeiov^ vctu^ eyy etvoA ymp 
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icev woXKa^ irXffpovp, HapeBei^ B* cwr^ iravra^ rtm 

6 <l>OpOV^ TOV^ €IC T&V IToKetDV, A OVT^ l^i ^Oir, Xol Til 

irepiTTcu ypriiiMra S8a>Ke. Kcu avafjanfaa^, W9 €^ ^• 
\u^ TTpo^ re rffp r&v AoKeSaifioplmv voKiv loai vpo9 
AvaavBpov tBuf, avefioAve irapa tow iraripcu 

AvaavSpo^ B*, ejrel aur^ Kvpo^ irama wapaSoif 

10 ra airov irpo^ top varepa appwrrowra /MroircfMrTo? 
dveffoive, fuadov SutBov^ r^ arparia, cunj^/Sff rrj^ Ke^ 
pla/i 69 TOP Kepdfieu}p koKitop* iuu wpocfiako^p itoKh 
T&p *A0ffPauii)P ^vfiiia/XfP* OPOfia KeBpeuu^y r^ iart' 
paiif irpoaffoX^ Kara Kpdro^ alpel, ,k4U e^tpfBpam'oB^ 

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Xiop Koi TffP ''Eil)eaop eireirXjeop, km we^pea-tcevd^opTQ 
irpo^ pavfUbxiov * kcu arpanffov^ irpo^ toJ? xnrapjffw 

80 aw etkopTo MepoiiBpop^ TvBea, K^qif^uToBoTOP. Auacuh^ 
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KCU oi ^Affffpcuoi eni Ttfi Xu>v ireXayioi • 17 yap ^Aaia 

KiroXepJa airoh ^p^ AvaapBpo^ t* e^ *A/3vBov wapi- 
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ol ^AjSvBfjpol KCU ol aXKoi irapt^cw iret^' ffyevro He 
0<Dpa^ AcuceBcufiopio^, ITpocr^aXoW€9 Se Ty voKu, 
cupovci^ KaTa Kparo*;, kcu Biripircurap ol crrpanAnUt 

ao ovaav irKovauip, kcu oipov kcu airrov kcu tAp aiir 



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BATTLE OF AIGOSPOTAMOL 873 

X»v hrvnfSelci^v wXrifyrf to Sc eKevdepa awfiara irdvra 
wfnJK€ AvtravBpo^. 01 Be ^AOfjvcuoit leara ir6Ba/9 ttXV- 
0Kr€9» ipfuaavTo rrj^ Xeppoinjaov hf ^Ektovyn vavalp 
oySorfKOvra tcoL hcarov* ^EvravOa Sij apumyrrotovfie* 
wotq auTch dffjeKKeriu ra irepl Aaiir^uKov, luu evdv^ ff 
oi^A^croif €5 Sv<^ov. ^EicelOey 8* evOif^ hrunr^a'afjLe' 
VQt SirKevtrav h Alyo^ vora/wv^, avrlov rffi Aafi- 
^ftatcov* (&€i|;)^€ Se 6 *EXXiJ<nroirro9 ravrr/ irraSiov^ 
^ 'tretrreKoiSe/ea'^ hrravOa Sij ebetnrvcnroiovuTo. Av- 
a^v8po9 Si ry einoviry wktI, ewei (SpOpo^ ^p, eoTjp/if' lo 
v€t 69 TO? vavq dpuTTOirowfaafiepov^ iaffalpeip. IlapTa 
Si irapacicevaa'dfAepo^ 109 e; pavfia^iap, kcu ra irapa^ 
pkrifMvra irapaffdXKMP, irpoeiirep, (09 p^rfieh Ktvr^aovro 
etc T^ rd^w^, ftitjSe dpo^iro, 01 Sc *A0rpfcuoi i§ia 
Tf» fiSMp opurypPTi hn r^ X^fim 'jraperd^avro ep fie^ li 
rww^ W h paviuv)(iap' enei S' wk dpraprffor^e Av- 
aavBpo^, teal t^ ^pJpa^ oy^e ffp, direifKevaap wdXip 
#9 T0V9 Aljo^ nfbraiiov^. AvaapSpo^ Se ra^ Tayl<rra/^ 
rip P€&p hceKevaep frreaOiU T049 ^AOrjpiuot^* erreiBop 
Si hcfiSxr^t KarilSopra^ S, rt iroiowrip, diroiryueip, iuu9o 
mn^ i^ajyetKeu. Kcu ov irporrepop i^filffaaep he 
T&p pwp, irpip oStiu fiteop. TaSra S' etroUi rerraf 
pa^ f)lUpa^' K€U ol ^AOrjpaloi hrapTJyoPTO, ^AXk^^i- 

08179 St, KOTlSwP OTTO T&P r€VX&V T0U9 P^ *A0ffP(UOV^ 

ep ai^ioK^ opp^ovpra^ km rpo^ ovSep^ iroKei, ra S* » 
ewnriSeia he Jiyerrov p^ridpra^ wepreKaHSeiea crraSiov^ 
amv rSof pe&p, rov^ Se irdKefUov^ ep lup^evi kcu wpo^ 
'n^kiP, Sxppra^ wdpra, ovk ep icaX^ e^ ainov^ opp^elp, 
dXKa p^opp^urcu 69 ^i^oroi/ irapfjpei, irpd^ re \ipjpa 
tccii TT/w iroKip* ov Spre^ pavp^'xr^erre, e^, orrap fiqv'do 
33 

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874 XSNOPHON. 

Xfja$€. Oi Sc (TTpaTtjyol, iiaKjurra t\ Tv^ev^ mu Mf^ 
vavSpo^, anrUmu wrov hUKtvaav* airov^ yap inm 
arparfyyeip, ovk iseeunp. Km o ^^ VX^'^' ^^ 

t^AOf/veuoti^, ^iTff tqS? wop airov mofjJpw/^t i^oof Mortir 
iioaiv avT<W9 eKfiefiffKOTan xai eam&curiAeif^v^ xarit r^ 
Xeppovifaop, Snep hrolatm voXi fLaSXont xa$^ hair 
OTffP ^fi€pav, rd t« aria iroppopOev mvovp.evo^ km 
KaT(ul>povovvT€9 Hj Tov AwrJu^poVg Sri ovk avrasnyyof^ 

to cnroTrXeovTOi rovfAiroKw vap airiw, fpa* cunrdb^ Karck 
fU^ov row irKovp* Oi Zt rmra efroUfaaVg m^ hd- 
Xfi/crt* Auaa^pa^ t* €u0iMi c<r7}^MiP€» rt/v raxi^^n^ 
wXiUf ivpfiraffgu Z\ km Otopa^, ro iref^v ^coy. Ko^ 
vav 84 i^v Toy hrlirkaw, Itrf^uwcvt e? to? vcw 

nfiofjOelv Kara Kpdro^. AteaK^a^p^evfop Sc r&v cofdpi' 
w(0v ivrtdVt ai piv r&v v€&p hUporoi, ^ap, al ii. 
popo/cpOTOh ai Si TrorrcXm Keval* 17 Se KoPiopo^ koI 
oXKm irepi avrop enra v\rip€i^ ca^rfxOffa-ap, k<h V 
ndpaXo^, Ta9 S* SXKoi rraca^ Awj-apBpo^ S\aJ3^ 

wtrpo^ t5 7p. Tov9 Be vKeUrov^ opSpa^ €p r^ yi 
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pwp Be, TOi? eppea pavai ff)€vy40P, itrel eypei^ r&P *A0fj' 
poJmp ra rrpat/pofta Zve^appepa^ Karcuryjanv hn rtp^ 
AfiappiBa, rrjp Aap'yftcueov OKpap^ ekafiep aino0€P ra 

9B p^aXa r&P AwraoApov pe&p ioTUL KaX airm (^ 
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yopora, AvaavBpo^ Be ra^ re pav^ tcai rov^ oip^ftaXci- 
rou9 Kiu raXKa irdpra h Adp^^wcop am'riyayep, eXafie 

90 Be KM rSyp arparrfywv aXKov^ t€, km ^iXoxXea km 



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TAKINa OF ATHBNS BT LYSANDBOS. 375 

&€oirofimvv top MCKfyriov Xi^oT^y €v AaKeSeufWPOy cnrtv/* 
yeXovpra ra yeyopora* $9 ai^ucofupo^ rpirau^ awriy 
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XaffJpTt^ Svo rpiirip€i9, KopwOtap iuu *ApSplap, roif^ 10 
avSpa/9 i^ auT&p woproi icaraKpfipafiaeiap. itKoKhSj^ 
J* flP (TTparffyo^ rSsv *A$f)P<uo>p, 89 tovtov? tUif>6w 
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wepl rfj^ diroTOftijq r&p x^vpSsp '^(^icfjuiro^. ^Hinaffrf 
lievroi inro rawp, irpoBovpM ra^ pav^, AvaopBpo^ 
Be, fiKoKXea irp&rop epiorfiaa^, 89 rem ^ApBplov^ icdX 
KopipBiov^ Karcucpfifwlaeie, ri eitf a^io^ vaffeip, ap^d^ 
fA€P09 €9 ^ESXXfjpaf irapapofAUP, airea^afyp. » 



IV. THE TAKING OF ATHENS BY LYSAN- 
DEOS, AND DESTRUCTION OF THE LONG 
WALLa (Hellbnioa, Lib. IL c. 2. B. C. 404) 

AwravBpo^ B Ik rov *ESXKqfnroprov pavcl Buuco* 
cuu^ a^KOiupo^ 69 Tqp Aeafiop, KareaKewuraro ra9 
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376 XENOPHON. 

hft Opaxfj^ X^P^ eircfi'^ Sexa rpir^pei^ e)(pvra ^Ere* 
oviieop, ^9 ra exel iravra nrpo^ AaxeBcuftopiov^ fieri- 
arrfcep. EvOv^ Se mu fj oXXi; *£XX.a9 a(f>€UTrriK€i 
AOffvaicDV fiera Tqv vavfJMjfuiPt wXrp/ Xafimv, Ovroi 

ite, cifMyai r&v yvtopifimv woiri<ravTe^, KaT€ij(pp rrjp 
froXtv. AvaapSpo^ Be /Aera ravra errefiA^ irpo^ *Ajip 
r€ €9 AeKtKeuiP km i? AcucehaifJLOPo, ir^ irpoinrXel 
avp tuucoaUu^ pavaL AeuceStufJboPioi Be e^aap irap- 
Bfifui, Kcu, ol oKKoi IleKoiroppriaioi^ trXifp ^Apyelmp, 

10 waparfyetkaPTo^ rov erSpav Aatc^<ufU)pl<»p fiaatXJa)^ 
navaoplov, ^EttcI Be Sirapre^ ^OpoicrOffaav, dpoKa" 
fiwp avTov^, irpo^ t^ itoKip eoTpanmehevo'ev ep ry 
*A/caSf)fJkuf, r^ tcaXovfUP^ yvfipaaltp. AvacwSpa^ Be, 
ai^iKOfiepo^ wpo^ Alyipop, aireBwKe rifp iroXtp Alywrf' 

lirai^, Strove rfivparo irKeiarov^ aOpotaas ovt&p' c»9 
B* auTa>9 iccu Mfjkloui, kcu to&9* olKKoi^, Saoi t&p ou- 
T&p etrrepoPTO, Mera Be tovto Byoiaa^ SaXafUPo, 
a)pfila-aTO 7r/909 top Ileipaia paval TrePTrJKOPra Koi 
ikarop, KM ra irKoia elpye rod ettrnXov. 

90 Ol B* ^AOfiPcuoi, TToXiopKovfiepoi Kara yfjp km Kara 
OaKarrav, fpropovp, ri xpn] ttouIp, ovre pe&p, oSre 
avfipAxf^p avToh Sprmp, ovre airov • epofit^op B* ov- 
Befiiap elpM atoTqplop, el p/q iraOeip, & ov rifuopov- 
fiepoi eirolfjaap, aXKa Bia ripf v^pip tjBiKOVP avOpw- 

26 7roi;9 fJUKpo7ro\lT<K, ovB* eirl /u^ curia erepa, tj Sri eKel* 
pov<; avpepM^pvp, Aca ravra rov^ arlpov^ eirvripov^ 
iroirfo-apre^, exaprepovp • km airo0pr)(rKdpr<op €P t^ 'irok6$ 
Xtp^ TToW&p, ov BieXeyopro irepi SaiXXay^. Eire^ 
Be rrapreXm ffBrj o alro^ hreXeXolirei, eirep^y^p irpe* 

ao (r/96£9 rrapa ^Ayip, l3ov\op£poL ^vp,fMj(pi elpM AaKe- 



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TAKING OF ATHENS BY LYSANDBOS. 377 

Zcuikoploi^t ej(pvr€^ ra relj^tf fccu top Ilctpaia, mu enrl 
Tovrot^ (vp0ri/cai9 irotelcOai, *0 Se avrov^ e? AoKe- 
Saifjtopa ixeKevev lepcu* ov yap e*yai Kvpio^ avro^, 

Eir€l 8 wirfffj^CKav oi irpeaP^i^ ravra roi^ ^Afftf^ 
vcUot^t Sirefju^pxtp curroif^ e? AaxeBcu/iopa. Oi B\ eirel 5 
^aif ip SeXXaauf, irXtfaiop rfj^ Aasca>puc^, km iirv^ 
0OPTO avT&p oi "E^po^ & SXjeyop, Spra old ir€p km 
wpo^ Ayip, iWToOep airov^ ixekevop dirUpM, Koi, el 
n heopTM eiprjiprf^, koKKiop ^ixeiv ffovXewra/Upov^. Oi 
Se irpiafiet^ hrei fjKOP olKoBe, km dirriyyeikap ravra lo 
eq rijp rroKiPt dOvfua epeirece iraaip * ^pro yap dpSpO' 
voS^aOriaea'OaA, Koi, lo>9 &p wipnTwrof erepov^ irpi' 
<r)3ei9» iroXKov^ r^ 7up^ drroXeiaffcu. Ilepl Se r&p 
rev)(Ssp rffi Ka0Mp€aeea^ ovSel^ rjfiovXero ^vfi/SovKeveip • 

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pioi^ Kpdrurrop etpM, e(f> oU 7rpo€Kdkovpro, elprjjptjp iroir 
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rap Be oprwp, QfipapApff^ ep hcKKfiaUf elirep, Sr$,$o 
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rpeU p^pa^ km irXeiw, eiri^vqp&p, oirore ^A0i]P(uoi epLeKr sm 
\op, Bia TO hriXeXotirepM rop alrop airavra, S t* tW 
X€yo«, ofAoXoYnceip. ^Eirel Be fjfce r^ rerdprqt pnjpi, 
anrrff^eCKep ep eKKXffalc^ on airrop AvaapBpo<; t€q>9 
fiev Kare^ei, etra KeXevei e9 AcuceBaip^opa lePM * ov 
yap elpM Kvpio^, &p ipcrr^o in avrov, dWa rov^99 
32» 



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378 XENOPHOH. 

*Ej>ipw^. Mera r<iura ipSff irp€(rfi€vrrf^ h lityre* 
Baifjbopa auro/tparrtop B€tcaT09 avro^, AvcavSpo^ fie roSr 
*E<p6pot^ IhrepAJtep ayy^Xovrra fier SXKo»v AatcAufn^ 
virnp *ApiaTor€Kfiv, ^wyaBa ^AOffPcuow Spto, in anv 
B /epivairo Oi^pofUtm, iceivcv^ Kvplov^ eliftu €^9971^ nu 
^rroXJfiunf. Offpofimj^ Be, sou oi oXXm vpirfiet^, eni 
fjacof Of SeXXcuruf, ipmrtofi^ifm, eni ran Xoy^ Ij/eaiew, 
^iro9f, lh% qtinoicpcpropt^ mpi eiprfj^nfi. Mera rwurm 
o! "S^ptH tcdKeUf €K€Kevow. ^Evu fi* ^fcmf» mucXtf^ 

y^ala» iwoitfcap, ev ^ avrtKeytnv BkoptpOiM xm S^- 
fiauu fia\urT€i, iroXKjoi Be luu ol>CKm t&p '£XX^raNr» 
fiij iPirepBeaOiu *A6ffvaioi^t oXX' efoipeip. Aax^atfio^ 
ptoi Be ovte €^>aa'ap iroktv ^BlWifPiBa avBpomv&uSa^ 
'/Mya dyaffop elpjaaiUpffP hp tok fieyiaroi^ tupivpo&f 
B yepofupoi^ T^ *EiKKaBf oXX* etrotovPTO mprpnip, i^ 
^ rd re fjuuepa relyfi k(u top Ileipaia tcaBekopTUii, 
Mu TO? poik ttX^ B<DBe/ea irdpaBopra^, §cai tov9 ^t^^ 
yoBa^ /eard^avra^, top avTOP e^Opop km ^IKop pop^ 
t^opTtv;, AaKeB€UfM>pioi^ Sweadcti xai Kara yffp xeu com 

to daKaTTOP, &rroi &p tjy&pTO*. 0fjpeifiepff9 Be xcu oi avp 
avT^ irpea/Set^ hrape^popro ravra e9 to^ *A6^pa^ 
ElaidpTcni S' avTt>u9 ^Xo9 irepiexelro TroXi!?, if^ofiovfjuepott 
fjL^ aTTpoKTOi ^Koiep* oi yap Sri epe^ipei fievem Sea 
TO irKffix^ tAp ofiroXKuiUptop tj» X^/a^ T^ Be var^ 

1KB pcMf cnrrffyeKKsp ol trpea-fiet^, e^ 0Z9 ol AtueeBatf^ 
fAovuK irouHVTO T^jp elpTfPfiP • irpofffipei Be ovtAp Siy* 
pofUPff^, \eytop, c»9 XP^ ireldeaOcu AeuceBtufiavflopfy Mai 
rd T€ij(ff rrepuupeip, * ApTeiiroprmp Be npmp aitf^ 
TToW^ Se wKeiopmp ^upeTrcupeadprotp, eBo^ Bej(e<f&ai 

m 7171/ eiprjpfjp, Mera Be ravra AuaapSpd^ re 



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THE THIRTT TTBANTS. 379 

ra r€lxfj Kariaicanrrop \m avKffrpiZmv voAX^ vpo$V' 
wfft eKeuOepia^. 



V. THE THIRTY TYEANTS. THE DEATH 
OF THEBAMENEa (Hbllbnioa, Ljb* IL c. a 
B. a 404.) 

T(» S' hriovTi ere*, ep ^ ^ ^Okupm'id^, ^ ro oraBiov a 
mwca Kpotelva^ OerraXo^, EiSiav iv Svafyrp €(l>op€voi^ 
T09, nvd(^pov S* €P ^AOrfveu^ apxovro^, tp ^AOff^ 
patoi, Sry €P oXijap^la '^peOfj, ov/e opofia^ovauf, aXX 
apopx^ '''^^ €PiavTOP /caXowrtp, (eyepero Se avrrj ^ 
oXiyapxla c&Se ' eBo^e r^ S^/^» rpuucopra apBptK eX.e« lo 
^Stu, (H TOW irarplov^ pofMw^ (vyypd'^ovai, koO ovy 
noXireia-ovci ' teai ^p4$f)aav oSro*, IloXvdpxv^f ^P^" 
ritKi MfjKofiio^ ^ImroKoxo^, Ei/cXetBf)^, 'ItpKOP, Mpff- 
irikoxo^, Xpep^cop, 0ijpap>€pff^j ^Apecia^, Amk7<^, fai^ 
Spm, Xa$pAs£<»^, ^ApcUrim^ Ileicwp, So<l>oic\rp:, ^Epatv ift 
<r6eprf^, Xapisckfi^, ^Opop^tcXtfi, 0€oyv*9, Ahrxivrj^f Geo- 
y€Pvj^f KXeo/A^8i79, *Epaal<rrpaTo^, ^€iSa>p, Apaicopri- 
tvf^y Eup>d8ff^, * ApurroTtkf)^, 'Imrop^x^^* Mpr^aiBel" 
hffi •) rovTfop hri irpa^iproixp, airtirKei AvaavBpo^ wpo^ 
%apMP • *i4*y« S' €§c T^ Aexekeia^ d7rayayi>p to ire^p 20 
a^pdrrevfia, BteXva-e teara vokei^ itcdarov^. ....•• 

Oi Se rpidteopra ^peOi^ap /*cV, eirel rdx^urra ra 
tUNcpa T€lj(r) iCM ra irepi top Heipaia /caOjfpeOrj ' oipe^ 



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380 XBNOPHON. 

0€VT€^ te, iff ^ T€ ^vyjpaiy^ PofAov^, koO^ owrrufOi 
iroXirevaoanOt rovrov^ fup del e^ieXKoif ^yffpa^w t€ 
tC€U dm-oSeucvwai, ffovX^v Se km to? oXXo? apx^ 
KariartiiTcaf, w iSoKCi airroU* "Eweira vp&rop fUp, 
fov9 irdane^ ySeaau ep r^ Siff/jtoKparia diro av/co^xuf 
rioi l^&vr(K, km toU KoKok km dyaffoU fiapeU ovra/i, 
avXKafufiavovre^ inrfjyop Oavdrov * km Ij re /SovXrj ^Sew^ 
avTwv Kare^^rjilU^eTO, ot re aWjoi^ Scot ft/y^Sco-oy eavrok 
fwf &T€9 TOiovrot, ovShf ^0opto. Eirel Se Ijp^carro 

10 fiovKeveaOcu, Sirm^ &p e^lff auroh r^ wokei XpfjaBai. 
Ihrw^ /SovXourro, Ik tovtov irpSnov fuv, irefi'y^turre^ 69 
AoKeBaifjLova Ala^lvrjv re km ^Apurrorekfpf, eircurcof 
AwropBpoVf ^povpoif^ a^lai ^fv/rpa^ eXjOelv, &>9 Si^ 
rot;? woPTjpov^ eKiroScov irotTfcafievoc, KaraoTTjaMVTo rijiP 

wiroXtrrelav * Ope^w Se cwrol vrruryyovvro, *0 Se mt^ 
aOeis, Tov^ re ^povpou^ km KaXKljSiov dpfioarijip (in4^ 
irpa^ev avroi^ ir€fMl>dr)PM» Ot B erret Tqv ^povpatf 
€ka/3ov, TOP flip KdKkllStop iOepdnrevop irdajf Oepc^ 
wela, CD9 irapra iiroLwolri, h wpdrroiep* r&p Bi ^pov^ 

» pSfp TOVTOV ^fim'efirropTo^ outoU, oth e/SovKopTo, ^vp^ 
Xafifiapop, ovKCTt tov^ iroprfpov^ re km oXJyov d^iov^^ 
oXX' 7S17 otf^ hfofu^op fJKurra pip iraffoOovpJepov^ ttif 
caf€')(€<T0a40t apTiirpaTTCtp Be ti €inj(€ipovpT4K irXelarov^ 
hp Tov^ ^vpeKJdoPTO^ Xa/AJSdpetp, T^ p^ oZp wpwr^ 

injfpoptp 6 KpiTta^ T^ Of)pap>ep€t op^y/pcjp^op re km 
^iXjo^ fjp, ^Eirei Be aino^ phf Trponrerrf; ^p ewi to 
woXKov^ airoKTelpM, Sne km ^vjodp vtto tov Bi^ftotu 
6 Bie 0ffpctp,€Pff^ dvTeKoirre, Xeyejp, oti ovk eLm wi 
OapaTOVPt el rt9 eTtparo iiro tov Brip>ov, rot^ Se KOr 

s>\oi;9 KM dffoOov^ p/qBhf kokop elpya^ero* "*Eir& km 



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THE THIRTY TTBANTS. 881 

eyo), €917, ''/c(u crv iroWa orj rov apetr/ceiv eve/ca tq 
woKet Kcu etirofiev /ecu eirpa^afjuevr *0 Se (er* yap 
oicelc^ e)(pfjfro r^ Qripafiiveu) apreXeyev, ori ovk eyj^oi- 
polf} ToU irXeoveKreuf fiovXofievoc^, fiff ov/e hnroSoDv 
woceurOcu rov^ Ucavorrdroi^s Suuucikueiv el Se, or^ rpui' $ 
Koma ea-fiii^, tcdX oxf^ el^, ffTTov rt oiet, &<nrep rvpav 
vlZo^f ravTT)^ Try: dpj(rj^ XpfivoA hrtfieXeiaOai, eirqOtf^ 
eL *E'jr€\ Se, cnroOvrftrKovreov iroKK&p, km oBIko^, 
woXXol SfjKot ^ap ^urrd/ievol re /ecu ffavfid^ovre^, 
rl iaoiTO ^ iroXtrelct, iraTuv SXjeyev o Oijpafiein)^, St^, 10 
e^ firi Tt9 /eotviovov^ hcca/ov^ Xrp^oiTO t&v irparyfidrcDV, 
aZwarov etroirro rrp/ oXijctpj^MV Suifiepeip. E/c tovtov 
fievToi Kpirla^ /ecu oi aXKot oi he r&v Tpuucovra, 
^897 (f>o/3ovfi€voi, Kcu ov^ fj/etara rov Orjpafieinjv, p/q 
avppveifja'ca/ irpo^ avrov o* irdXlrcu, /caToKeyovtri rpur^ is 
XiXtou? TOW peOe^vra^ 8^ r&p irpayp^drmv. *0 S* 
av OfjpapMnj^ /eal vpo^ ravra ekeyev, ir^ aroirov So/eoltj 
eauT^ elvcu, ro irpSnov p^ev, jSovXopevoi^s tov<: fieXrl- 
0T0V9 r&p iroXtr&v, koi^vxovov^ irovriaaadcu Tpuj^iXiov<:, 
wnrep rov apiOpov rovrov expvrd rtva avatf/eip KOr 20 
Xov9 /eai ar/aJdov^ elvcu, iccu ovr e^co rovro>v tnrov^ 
tcuov^, our €in-09 rovrcov irovrjpov^ otov re ettf yeveaOcu • 
" Erremra S , c^, *'6pS> eyovye hvo vpJa^ ra evavruorara 
irpdrrovra^t fiuUav re rifv dp^rfv /ecu ^fvrova r&v dpyp- 
p^vtov /earaa/eeva^op>evov<:^ *0 p^ev ravr eXeyev. 01 29 
S €^€rcuT$v voiria'avre^ r&v pev Tpia^CSlcnv ev ry 
a^op^ r&v Be cfa> rov /earaXjoyov aXXiav oXXa^^oi), 
e/feira /ceXevacarre: eni ra orrXa, ev ^ eieelvoi dire' 
XfiXvdeaav, irep/y^uvre^ rov^ if>povpov^ /ecu r&v iroXtr&v 
Toi/y opoyvfopova^ avrol^, ra ovXa Trdvroyv, irXtiv r&v ao 



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382 XENOPHON. 

rpurj(i\imv, vapeiKavro* /eat amucofucrame^ ravra ii 
TTfif oKpavokip, ^w^dfiieav iv r^ pa^ Tovro9P Si 
y€vofi€P»Vj m e^P ffiff iroUip avroi^, i ri fiovKotpro, 
TToXKov^ /A€v e)(6pa^ SptKa cvrreKTCtPOP, irdXXov^ i€ 

<^povpoi^ 'Xpr\iJMTa BiSoptu, k<u t&p fieroitcmv &a &is- 
arop Xafieip, km outois fiip airoicreipai, ra Be j(prifMaTa 
ainSsp airo<rriiir(pcux6cti. ^E/cdkevop Bi iuu top 0rjpa^ 
lUpTfP XafieiP, SpTtpa fiovKovro. *0 B* aftreKpiporo* 

lo'ilXX* ov Boteel ftot, i^, koOjop dpcUs ^daicopra^ fieXrp' 
OTOv^ elptu, dBuctorepa t&p cv/co^pt&p muHp. ^Etu^' 
po$ /A€v yap. Trap &p y^pTJfiaTa Xafifidvoiep, Qp eUop* 
^fieU Be airotcrepovfiep p/rfBep oB^kovpto^, iva j^7ff$aTa 
Xafi/3apwfiep ; n&^ ov Tavra r^ iraprt exeiptop aJBy 

ifi Konepa ; 01 B*, ifi'jroBwp pofii^opre^ aurop etpoi t^ 
iroielv, o T^ fiovXoiVTo, empovXevovaiv <mvt^, kcu ISia 
Trpo^ Tov<; fiovKevTo^ aXXo^ '/rpo^ oKKop BiefiaXkop, 
ca9 XvfuupofJiepop ttip iroTaTeiav. Em irapayyeiXxamt 
peaplcKOb^t A ^Kovp avroU OpaavTaToi cZmu, (i^ffi^ 

ioBui viro fioKf)^ S^^pto^ irapayepea-Oai, fui/eVcfoy rijp 
fiovKriP. ^Eirei Be o Oi]pafM€Pff^ iraprjp, apcurra^ i 

KpiTUK SX£^ &B€. 

** fl apSpe^ /3ov7i€VT(u, €* fiep Tt^ vfi&p vofii^ 
irXiopa^ tov xatpov arroOprfaKeuft eppoffo-aTCD, on, ftrov 

36 iroXtTeuu fieOloTOPTCu, Travraypv TovTa yiypereu • trXd^ 
aTov<: S' apa^Kvi woXefilov^ elpcu toU €9 oktyapj^m 
fieOtaraa't, Bia t€ to iroXvapOponroTorrfP t&p *JSXXi^ 
piBmp TfjP iroKw elpcu, kcu Bia to wXeurrop j(pdpop 
ev eKevOepla top Bfjfiop T€Tpa(f}0(u. ^HfieU Be, ypAne ^ 

»f4f€p, Toh otoi^ fifup re kcH ifup ^oXe^y irokirelap 



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SPEECH OF KRITIAS. 383 

dviu ^fjLOKparlav, yvovr€^ Be, Sr^ AaxeScufjMPioi^ roi^ 

vcpunio'curw ^fia^ 6 fiiv £^/u>9 oSiror an ^/\x>9 ye- 

vovro, oi Be fiekrurroi asi av irvaroi SiaTcKoUv, But 

Tuvra <rw rp AoKeScufMvicDV yv<ifi/if TTjvBe rrjv ttoX*- 

rUav /u^Oltrrafiev. KaH lav riva ciaOav^^da ivamlop « 

T^ oKiyapj(i(f, wrov Bvpofieda, itaroBayv woiovfieOa * iro7\A^ 

a fMKurra ^fuv Bo/cel Bltuuop elvcu, e^ Ti9 ^fi&p cwrww 

kpfuUvercu raurrf r^ sc<tra<rra<r€i, Bucriv axfrov BiZovau 

Nvp ovv (daOapofkeffa Bf^pafkepriv rovrovi, oh Bvporcu, 

anroKkMna rj^io^ re Ktu vfJM^. *fi^ Be ravra aKii)0YJt lo 

tfif tcamiforjre, evpTfaere ovre y^eyovra ovBeva fjLoKKop 

QfipcLfiivov^ rovrovl ra wapovra, ovre evavrtovfievov, 

Stov T^va hnroBonf fiovK^iJLeda iroir^cLaOai, r&v Brjfiafyta' 

y&i/0 Ei fiev Toawv cf ^py^ ravra eyiyvaxr/ee, woXc- 

^U09 fiep ^p, ov fieproi iroprjpo^ y &p BiKalco^ epofil^ero * 15 

PUP Be, avro<; fiep ap^a^ rf^ irpo^ AeuceBaifjioPiov^ iri- 

aT€o»9 ic<u <l>i\ia^, ai;T09 Be rfj^ rov BrifAOv KaraXuaeo)^, 

fuOiurra Be i^opfiriaa^ rifJM^ rok trpmrot^ {nrayofiepoi^ 

€9 ^/^9 BIk7]p €7rLri$epa>i, pdp, eirel km vfiel^ /col 

^^2^ <f>avep&<: ex^pol r^ 8i{^ yeyepr^fieOa, ov/cer 20 

aur^ ra ypypofjtepa dpeatcei, j^o>9 avrop fiev av ep 

r^ dcif>dXjel Karaar^, ^fieU Be Bucqp B&fiep rS>p Tre- 

vpay^pfop. "fiare ov jj^opop m ^X^P^ avr^ wpoariKei, 

dXXa Kcu CU9 wpoBorif vfi&p re tcai r)fiS>Pf BiZopcu, rrjp 

Bi/cffP, Kcuroi roa-ovr^ fiep Becporepop irpoBoala woXf- 90 

imVf oa-tp j^aXerrtorepop (f>v\a^aa0at ro a^ap€<i rov <l>ape'' 

pov' roaovrtp S* e)(6u>p, oa(p iroXefuot, fiep avOpcrnroi 

/uu arrevBoproA avdi^, tuu irurroi ylypovrat * %p B* 

h^ irpoBiZovra XafifidpGxri, rovrtp ovre etrrrelcaro ttcd- 

vgje ovBek, ovr cip <nreicairo rov \oi,irov. "Ipa Be an 



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by Google 



384 XEHOFHOH. 

ttS^rc, Sti ov Kotwa ravra oSro^ iroM, aXka ^wc» 
irpoioTff^ iffTW, avofunfam ufiof ra rovr^ veirparffM/mu 
Ovro9 yap e^ ^HOCi^ A^ rifuifiewo^ uwo rov Siy«ov« 
€ara row 'wartpa "Ajpmva, 'Wpowereararo^ eyofero r^ 
f SijfMmparuur fi£Ta<rrfjaai 69 tov9 TerpasaHncv^, mi eirpii^ 
T€V€V ip ac€ipoPi, *Eir& i* ^trOero atrrvwdkov t« t^ 
oXiyapfj^la (upurrafi€90Pg wpAro^ av fff^MMW r^ Siyc^ 
hr ixelpov^ eywro, ^O0€P Sifrov tuu xoOoppo^ €ir»- 
KokArfu. Km yap 6 xoOoppo^ dpfiorreip pip rw 
vocIp ap/^xntpoi^ Soxei^ amfiXewei S* eir api^oT€pap^ 
del S4 & Svipap€Pe^t avipa rap a^tcp Qp ov irpoa- 
feiv pip Beuiop etpoi rov^ ^ypopra^ 69 irpajparra, 
t^v Se T* oPTUcoTrrff, isvOv^ perafiaXXeaOM • oXX* wnrep 
€P Pffi ZuvirovelaOiu, tw^ op €9 cvpop Kara^rriMTi* e» 

♦ Si p/f^, irSf^ OP affyUoarro irore^ €P0a SeJ^ 6«, ewetSap 
r^ avTUcoy^, evdv^ €9 rdpopria irX^tep ; K(u uai 
pip htfirov iraacu perafioXat iroXtrewp Oavarri^paf 
av Se, huL to evperafioXo^ elpai, vXeiarom pip peral" 
rM>9 et If oXijofx^ ^^ '^^^ Srip4}v am-oKuikevai, ttXc/- 

10 OTO^ £' €K SrjpoKpaTia^ inro tUv peKjMPwv. Ovro^ 
Se TO* eoTip, S^, Taj(0€h opeKeada* iiro rSw arparrf' 
y&p Tov^ KOTaZwra^ AOrjpa^wp ep r^ irepl Aeafiop 
pavpa^^y auT09 ovk opekQpepo^, Sp^^ r&p arparriySgp 
KaTfjyopw dir€XT€Uf€P avrov^, tva avro9 irepicmOcitf. 

* 0<rrt9 ye p>riP if>ap€pa^ eari rov pep TrXeopexreip ae» 
errtpeKovpevo^, rov he kclKov kcu r&p ^iKoov p^jSip 
eprperrop£Po^, rr&^ rovrov ypri rrore <f>€la€UT0€u ; IIw 
S* ov ifyvXa^aaOai, etBdra^ avrov ra^ perafioTui^, »9 
pjq /ecu r)pa^ rairo BwaaOp rroifjaoA ; Hpsi^ ovw 

wrovrop virayopev tcai w iirifiov\€iM}pra, Koi w vpo* 



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SPEECH OF THEBAMENES. 885 

iiiovra 17/^09 re teat vfia^. *I1^ V elxora iroiovfifv, 
Kox rai ewori<7aT€. KaXkumj fiev yap hrprov hoKei 
iroKirela etvat 17 AafceicufAOPitov ' el Se etccivrj eiri'^et'' 
pria-eie ta9 t&v Eifyopav, dtni rov T0Z9 Trkeloct irel- 
0€<rOai, yjteyeiv re ripf afyxr[v» iccu evavriovaOai T0Z5 6 
irparrofievoi^, ovk hv oieade avrbv Koi inr avr&v r&v 
S^pwv K€U inro rlj^ aXKrf^ dircurrf^ TToKeco^ rfj^ fu* 
yKTTffsi TtpMpla^ a^uoOfjva* ; Kai vfjuit^ oiv, eav o'co 
^poinjre, ov rovroVf aXX* vfjb&v ^tlaetrOe* ©9 0VT09, 
CfoOw fiiv, TToXXotW hv fieya tfypovelv iroirjo'eie r&p 10 
evavrla yiyiwa-teovreov vpHv* airoXop^evo^ Be, iravrcDp 
ttcu r&v Iv T^ froket Kot r&v ?f» vworefioi hv ra^ 

*0 fiev ravr ehrmv iKoBi^ero* Or^pafievrj^ ii ava 
<rra9 eKe^* is 

** *AXKa irpSnov phf iivriaOr^oiuu^ & avSpe^^ S reXev' 

ratov /car cfAoS etire. ftyo-i yap fie tow OTpan]' 

«yov9 airotcretvat KaTqyopowra, *Ey(o Se ovk ^px^v 

tear cKelveov XoyoVy aXX* eKclvot !<f>aa'av, irpooTay^Odvra 

fie vij^ iavT&v ovk aveXea-Otu tow St/<rn^oiWa9 ev^ 

r^ irepi Aea-fiov vavfiaxi^ ^Eyi) Be airoXoyov/jLevo^, 

W9 SuL rov j(€ifi&va ovBe vXeiv^ p^ Sn avaipeladcu 

T0V9 SvBpa^ txwarov tjv^ IBo^a r^ iroKet, ehcora Xeyeiv^ 

eKetvoi Be eavrZv Kar/jyopeip e^alvovro * tfxuTKOvre^ ydp^ 

otiv re etvat a&aai tou9 avBpa^^ irpoep^vot avTov^ as 

oTrokeirBcUy airoirXeovres; ^ovro. Ov p^evroi OavpA^o) 

ye TO Kpiriav ira^avevop/qKevat, * ore yap ravra rjv^ 

ov irapwv eruy^avev^ aXX ev Q&rrcCKta p^ra Upop/q^ 

$€(09 BrjpoKparlav KaracKevaa-eitoVj Kot tou9 weveara/^ 

&7r>u^ev eiri tov9 BeaTrdriv;. tlv pev ouv oxno^ exretao 
33 



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886 X£NOPHON. 

eir/Mrrre, fi/riBep hfOaie yepoiro* raBe ye fieirroi ifiuh- 
XoyA lyi roirry, el T*y u/w /a€V t^ ^PX^ y3ov- 
Xerat iravatu^ to%s S einfiovKevovra^ vfuv laj(ypou^ 
iroiehfy Sixaiov etvtu rr^ fierfiimjfi aurov r^Kopia^ rvy- 
hyavew* ooTK fidvroi 6 ToXna irpaTrv^v earlv^ ot^uu 
&if vfjLa^ icaXXurra Kplveuf, ra re m-eirpa^fieva, iuu 
& vv¥ irparrei licaoT09 ^/^w, el Karavoriaere. Ov^ 
Kovp l»'^XP^ A^ '^^^ ^/^ ''^ KaraerfpHu h ripf /3qv- 
' \i^j Koi apxa^ anroie^x^ifiHU, km rov^ OfioXoyovpiiw^ 

10 irvKo^avra/i vwayecrffiUj wavre^ ravra eytyptiaicop^p * 
hrel Se ovroi ijp^vro avSpa^ /cciKov^ re tccu ayadov^ 
^XKofifiaveiPj ex rotrrov tcfyi> ^p^fLffv Topavria toih 
roi^ yi/yvicKeiv. "HiSeiv ydp^ Sri^ (viroOvrfaKmrro^ fiep 
AeovTO^ rov SaXafuvlov, avBpo^ mu ivro^ tctu So^ 

15 /rotWo9 heavov elpiUj oBttcovPTO^ S ovSe &, ol o/juhoi 
TOVTfp ^fir^oiPTOy <l>ofioifL€POi Be hfcanlok r^Be ry 
irdkvreuf eaouno. ^Eylypmaicop Se, oTi, ^vXKapfifwo^ 
fL€POV Nucffparrov rov Nueiov, kcu irKovalov^ §edi ovBep 
irinnyre Brfftorucop ovre aurov ovre rov 'irarpo^ irpa- 

»(apro^f oi rovrtp Sp>oio$ Bva-fiCpeU vfjup yevrfrowro. 
'ilXXa iirpf^ IUU ^Apri^wro^ v(f>* vfi&p avoXKufiipovy $9 
€P rf» TToXe/i^ Bvo rptripei^ ev rrKeov<Ta^ Trapelj^erOf 
fpnarap/qPt Sri, letu <A rrpoOvpLOt r^ irokei yeyei^/xmH 
vopre^ vTToirra^ vfup l^iep. ^Aprelwop Se Koi^ ore 

96 r&p fierol/cap hfa iicaarop Xafieip €<f>aaav yffpHu * ev- 
BvjKop yap Ijp, Srt, rovrcDP diroTijOfieptap, mu ol p^ 
roiKoi airopre^ iroXepAOi rj iroXtrela ecoipro* ^Aprel* 
rrop Be luu, ore ra awXa rov ttXtJOov^ irapypovpro^ 
ov pop,il^(OP ypfipai aadepfi rrjp iroTup iroietp* oiSe 

80 yap rov^ Aaie€B<up>opiov^ ecop^p rovrov tpeica /SouXo- 



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SPEECH OF THEEAMENES 387 

ftte0CV9 Trepur&axu rjfM^f ftra>9> ixiyoi yepofupo^, fifjSep 
Svp€U/i€0a alnov^ iipeXeSv iffjif yap airoh, el rov* 
rov ye Zeoivro, leai fi^eva Xviretv, oXJyop irh jfpovov 
Tip Xi/if» wUaavnK. OvBe ye to ^povpoir: fuaOov-- 
<r0tu ^WTtpeffid fwi, e^op mn&v r&v rn'oTarStv rotrov^ • 
Tov^ wpo&Kapfiaveof, &k ^^»9 «! j^ovre? ifiek" 
Xofiof T&v apxpfUpmp Kparria'etp, ^Emrei ye firpf irdK" 
Xov9 iipe^v h t§ irikH r$ apy^ Tp8e iva-fieueU, 
iroXKov^ Se ^ivyaSaf yevofievtw^, oiie hv eS^xei p^t, 
aSre SpcurvfiovXov, oSre ^Awtop, oSt^ ^AXKtfiuiSTjv lO 
i^vyabeueiw* ^$y yap, Uta ovtho ye to avriircCKov 
layypov i<roiTO, el r^ pip TrkrjOei ^yepope^ hcapoi 
irpoayepiqaovpro, Tofc he ^yeta-Oa^ fiovXopepoi^ ^uppLO^ 
j(pi, iroXKoi ^apTfiroano. *0 T^tOr ovp popoOer&p ep 
Tp ^opep^ irorepa evpep^ &p Btxaiw^, ^ irpoBoTi^ is 
popl^oiro ; Oix oi exOpov^, & Kpiria, iedkvopre^ ttoXt 
Xov^ irotelo-Ocu, oiSe ol ^ppka%o\^ irXeiarov^ SiBd- 
CKOpre^ ktcutOm, oiro^ tov9 mKepJov^ hrxypov^ iroi" 
oO<np* aWa irdki pSXKop oi aBU(o^ re ^/Tif/uiTa 
oifHUpovpepoi, Koi roi^ ovSep aSucovPTiK cnro/crelpoPTe^, 20 
ovToi ehrip ol kcu iroXKov^ tov? epopriov^ irotovpre^, 
K€U irpoSiBopre^ oi popop rov^ i^ikov^, aXXa koX eav- 
T0U9, SC (Mr^poKepSeiap, El ii p^ SK\m^ ypwarop, 
Stt akfjOf) \ey<D, iBe hnaKe^uirffe* Horepop otetrffe, 
Opaav^ovXop, tcai "Apvtop, kcu tov^ SXKov^ <f>vyaia^, 26 
& eyi) \eyo9, paXKop hp cpOdBe fiovXetrOai yiypeaOcu, 
^ S ovTOt irparrovauf ; *Eya> pep yap olpai, pup 
pep avTOv^ popi^ip, ^vpp>a')(pi)P itapra peara eXpiU* 
el te TO KpartCTOP rffi iro\je<o^ irpo<T^CKS)^ riplu el^e, 
•)(a\e7rov ap riyeiaOat elpoA kcu to hn^aipetp irot rrj^ ao 



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by Google 



388 XENOPHOK. 

Xipai^. ^A Z* oS ehrev, m e/ei eliu oXo^ del mm 
fiere^aXXetrOai, tcaravoi^aTe /uu ravrct, Tifv fiev yap 
T&v rerpMcoiricsv irdkireuu/ /uu avro^ Stfirov 6 SfSyto^ 
e>^'9fif>laaT0, Siia^KOfi^vo^t W oi AaseeBaifiovio& iriay 
f iroTareUt fiSXKop av, fj BrffiOKpari^ vurreuaeuw. ^Eiru 

06 yn €K€UH)^ fUV OVbmf OP^eoCOf, Oi 0€ afi^ AptCTif 

rihMiv Ktu MekavOiov /etu * ApliTraf^ov, frrparffjovm^ 
iJMvepol €y€iH)pro hri r^ j(^pMTi epvfui retxi^ovre^, h 
o effovTijovTo Tov^ TroXe/uov? Be^ap^evo^ i^ avroi^ koX 
Proi? erepoi^ rrpf ttoW iroi/fyraoBtu * el ravr tuaOav^ 
pevo^ eyo) SteKcaikva-a, tovt eon irpoBovrjv etveu t&» 
^bsMv ; *AiroKaKei Se KoOopvov pe, m dp^xnepotff 
ireipdpepov dpporretv. 0<rti^ Se pajSerepois dpeaKO^ 
TovTov, & wpo^ r&v Be&v, ri wore xat luCKiaaA XP^^ 

15 Sv yap 8rj ev phf r^ SfjpoKparl^i iravrtov piaoSiffpa' 
TaT09 epopi^ov, ev Si r^ apcaro/cparia wdvrmv p*coxpfj^ 
oTOTaro^ yeyepffo-au 'jE7ya> S*, & KpiTui, iceivov: pep au 
wore Tro\ep&, roU oi irpoaOep olopepoi^ KoXfjp av Sfjpo* 
Kparlap elpcu, irplv &v letu ol Bovkot, koI ol S^ airopUof 

ao BpajQi^ ^ dfiroSopepot ttjv 'JToKiv, hpa^jpfff; perexpiev * 
tecu Touroe y aO a€t evavrto^ eipi, ol ovk ovovrai KoXrpf 
hv eyyoficBoA o\ir/ap)(tav, irpiv av €9 to iir oTuytev. 
rvpaweur0€u rfjp iroKiv Karaarriaeiap. T& peproi avp 
T0i9 Bvpapepoi^, lau peff* tmrtop tuu per cunriS^p 

25 o><l}€\e2p Sia rovTO rr^p iro\iT€iap, irpoaOep apurrop 
fiyoup/qp elpoAf koH pup ov perafiaXkopau Et S' 
e)^€t9 elircLP, & Kpirla, Sirov eyi) fw T0t9 Bfiportr- 
Koh fj TvpapptKol^ T0V9 KoKoi;^ T€ KayaSov^ aTToare^ 
pelp TToXireia^ hrex'slpffo'a, \&ye' iav yap ckey^OA ^ 

80 pvp ravra Trpdrroop, tf irporepop worn'OTe ravra ttc* 



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by Google 



DEATH OF THERAMRKB& 389 

W6iffKc^9 ofio\oy&, ra iravTcnv k<r)(aTunara wc^oav tip 
SuuMo^ airoOprjafceivr 

A9 S* einrtdv ravra hrava'aro, koa 17 fiovKt) irjKrf 
CFf€P€TO evfievw hnOopvfiria'cura, yvov^ 6 Kpirias, or*, 

ipeu^osTo, K(u TOVTO ov fiuoTov ^jfjadfiepo^p irpoaekJOmv 
KoL BuiKej(^0€k Tt Toi^ Tpuucovra i^iJkBe, /ecu hrurnjvcu 
iKeKeutre rov^ ra ^fxe^piSia e)(pvra^ ^vepS^ ry fiovXy 
eni rdk ipv^oucrot^. HaKiv S* elaekOiiv, ehrep * *Ey<i^ 
& j5ov\rj, vo/xl^m^ irpooTOTOV epyov €lpa4 otov Se^ S9 10 
ip, opSnf rov^ <^iKov<: e^anrarroDiUvov^:, pi^ eirirrpetrv). 
Sju €y<» ouv TOVTO iroirrfaro}* Eju yap owe ot e9e- 
trniKire^ ov ^>aa-iv Tjfilv eTrtTpe^tv, el dvriaoptev avSpa, 
roi^ ^vep&^ Tfiv oXxyapy^lap \vpuuvd/JL€vov. Eari Se ev ^ 
to!? 9C(uvoU vopLov;, T&v flip ep toU Tpurx^Ouoi^ optoup is 
p/rfiepa anroOpr^icevp opev 7^9 vp>eripa^ '^rvT^t;* tSw B* 
j^ Tov /caTaXdyov tcvpiov^ elptu tov^ TpuueopTa Oapor 
TOVP, " 'E«yi oJi/,** Sifyr), " 0r)pafiepffP tovtopI e^aXeufxo 
he TOV KOTdkoyov, ^vpBokovp avcunp ripup. Keu tov* 
rovP Afyrj, ** ^fie2^ OapaTovfiep^ ^Ajcovaw: ToSha 6 617- ao 
papJprj^, opeirr^aep eiri Trp/ iarloip, km elirep* " 'Eyo» 
S*, €<l>rf, & apSp€^, heerevca Ta irdvTtop ippoficrraTa, 
fiij hrl KpiTUf eXpob i^aKel<l>eip firfre ifie, firJTe vfiSw 
OP hp fiov\frgT€U, a>0C, opirep pofiop ovTot eypayfrap irepl 
tSw ep Tqi KaTfiKoytpf tcara tovtop kcu vp2p kcu cfiotis 
TTpf Kplcof elpcu. Kac tovto fiep" &f>r)f " fia tow 0€ov^, 
ov/c dypo&, St^ ovSip p>oi apxeaei oBe o )8o>/i09* aXKa 

BovXopM, KM TOVTO h^^Se^M, OTt OVTOl OV fMOPOP €kr* 

^€p\ opOpinrov^ aSiK(OTaTO^t aXKa km irepi, 0€ov9 aae- 
SearaTou *Tfi&p fiePToi,** €<fyrft " & opBpe: koKoI Kfya^ ao 
33* 

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890 XBNOFHOH. 

$ol, 0av/jbdfy»^ el fMi PofiOrnfrere vfuv avrok, luii rmvra 
yiyvtoa-KOvre^, Sr^ ovBev to ifioif Swofim eu^oKetrnTe^ 
repov, ^ TO v/itaW heaarovr *Ek Se ravrov exekma-e 
fiof o T&p TpioKOpra /ci^pv( tov? ^'Eviexa imi rw 0ff^ 
^ pa/Amjv, ^EseeuHH Bi elacXBovre^ <nfv roif iwffperai^, 
^ovfA€ifov ovTw Sarvpav, rov Opaavrdrau avrSn xti 
otHuBeararav, €^€ fjiip i Kfvrlw; * *' Hapa&tiofUM vfUfiT 
S^, '* BvipojUmiv nnrrmi jeafraxeMpifAeww /cara rov vi* 
fA€v\vfisk Si Xafidwre^ xai airayoffmrre^, oi ^EpSetea, 

^^ oS Set, ra etc fovrwp irpAcraerrer */29 Se ravra ehrew, 

etXjee piv caro rov fimfjuni 6 Sdrvpo^, etkieap ie oi 

vTrffperau *0 Se Qvjpafjbepfj^, &<nr€p eltco^, iuu 0€ov^ 

erreicciKetTO tuu av0pwr(n^, xadopfif ra ytyvdfimfa. *H 

t povMi fja-vf^iop €^ey» op^aaa Ktu rov^ eir$ TOi? 

^^ ipv^oKTOt^ ofAoiov^ Sarvp^, teal to ifinrpoad€9 rai 
/SovXevTTfplov 9rX^p€9 r&v ^povp&v, tau owe ayvooSjrrett 
&n, eyxetptSia expvre^ 9rap^0'al^ Oi S' inrlffaffop tojt 
oi/Sp* Sia T^ arfopa^t fwXa fieyoK/g ry 4>»pp SrjiXov»T9t 
o\a ^nur)(e. Aeyertu be e» ptffui tea* tovto mrrov. 

^^Jfl^ etwep 6 Sarvpo^f &n oifjuofoinro, e! /ft^ o-Mnnf- 
veiev, errrjpero * '' Ap be €rUKnrw, ovm apa, «^> oi/i»* 
ijofMU ;" Km eirei ye diroOptjo-Keuf dpwYKofo/jLepoq to 
Kfffpeiop eirie, ro Xevrrdftepop S^Hurop airoKOTrafiurapra 
einrew ovtop. '* Rptna rovr e<rrw r^ koK^ Ao* 

^rot)To pip ovK dypoA, irt raHra dfiro^eyfuiTa oim 
dfioKoja* emelpQ i\ Kpivtd rov dvSpo^ mycurrmh TO 
rov Ooparrov irapetrrfi/edro^, iitfre ro <f>pdptp4nf, /ufre 
TO rr(uypi&8e^ diroXiveip ex rrj^ V'vjCT^- 



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SPEECH OF THRASTBOULOa 391 



VL OVERTHROW OF THE THIRTY- (Hbl- 
LENicA, Lib. IL o. 4. B. C. 403.) 

*Ek Se TovTov Xafiofif 6 GpaavfiovKo^ roif^ am 
^X^» irepl x^^^ ^^ ^weiXeyfievov^, a^uevtlraA 
rrjl^ WKTO^ €9 rov IleipauL Ol Bi Tpuucovra, ewel 
§a0ovro ravTo, ifiinfiow eifdv^ avroZ? fw re to?9 
AoKCOPiKoU, tuu ^ Toi^ Unreva-t kcu rdi^ oirXireu/i* § 
Sireira e^dipow Kara rriv e? rov Heipoua dfJM^vrov 
ava^epovtrav. Ol Se airo 9v\r}^ Srt fiep eirejaelpfftrctp 
fiij dv^epcu axnov^* hrei Se fjJya^ 6 levKX/y; &v woXr 
X^ <f)v\aK7j9 eSoicei BetaOcu, oSirto irdXXoU ovtri, fi/i/e- 
<nr€tpa$ffa'ap eni Trjv Mo\nnr)(iav. Ol Se he rov aoreo^ lo 
69 Ttpf ^IwiroBafieuip dyopav eK&ovre^, irp&rov fikv ^we^ 
ra^VTO, &(TT€ €fJUTr\ff<r(u rrjp oSop, ^ ^epei irpo^ re 
TO Upop rrj^ Movpv)(^la^ ^AprefuBo^ kcu to BepSiSeiop* 
Ktu eyofOPTo pddo^ ovk Skarrop, fl hrl irevrriKOPTa 
currriZwp. Ovrw Si ^vprerayfinpoi ex<opow atw. Ol is 
Se OTTO ^vX^ aprapeifkria'caf pip t^ip oSop, fidOo^ Se 
cv irXeop tj e? Scica ovXlra^ eyepopro. ErdxOv^av 
fiePTOi eir aorot? vekroifuipo^ re lau yjtiKoi okopti' 
oToi, ein ie toiJtow ol irerpofioKou Ovro^ fMCProi 
<rir)(Pol ija-ctp* leai yap avroOep vpoaeyepopro. *Epm 
ip Si wpo&yeaap ol ipaprlot, 6paavfiov\o^ rov^ /lmt* 
avTOv OeaOcu tceXeva-a^ ra^ ounrt^t kcu, aino^ Bi- 
fiepo^t ra S* oXXa oirXa e)(mp, Kara p^cop trrd^, 

^^"Apipe^ iro'Xircu, tov9 pip BiSd^cu, tou9 Se opa^u 
funjacu vfi&p fiovXopuu, Sri &^l r&p irpoaioprap oi 



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392 XENOPHON. 

luv TO ie^MV expvT€^, 0U9 w/Acfe Vf^n ^*A*''T? '^P^" 
^dfievot iSuo^are* oi B* ein rov eimwfiov ea-jfaroi, 
ovTOi Se oi TptdtcovTO, A ^fM^ tcai 7roX€<»9 airetrri" 
pow ovSkv aBt/eovvTO^, km oucwkv e^Xawop, kcu tov^ 

« ^CKrdroxf^ t&v ^fj^erepoDV aweafifuupovro. AXKa vvv 
TOi irapay^ivrivratt ov oiro^ fiev ovwore ^vro, fift>w 
Se aii evxpfieffcu "Exovre^ yap oirXa piv evanrrm 
avroi^ ica0iarap,ey • cl he Oeol, on wore scaX Betr 
nrvouvre^ ^we\ap,fiavop£da kcu KctdevSovre^ Ktu ayopd- 

ic ^ovT€^9 Ok o€ KCU ov^ 07r<k>9 obixouvTe^, ctKK ovo etrioff^ 
p^vvre^ €<f>vjaS€vopi60a, pvp <l>caf€p&^ fip2v ^p»pa/)(pvau 
Kcu yap €P evSla j(€i.pAva iroiovaiv^ orav rjp^iv ^vp^ 
i>€pff* KCU orcof hri/jfup^f^^^v* iroXK&v ovrc^v Ofcurrlotp, 
oXiyoi^ ovai rpowcua urrcurdcu BiBocuru Kcu vup Bi 

15 KeKop^lKoatv f)pM^ e? x^P^^* ^^ ^ ovrot phf ovre 
fidXKevv ovre axoprll^eiv xnrep rSiv TrpoTerayp^cvcov, Bm 
TO TT/ooy opUMV levcu, bvvcuvr av r}p>€t^ be, €9 to 
Karavre^ kcu Bdpara dtfyveirre^ kcu okoptul kcu w€- 
Tpov^, e^L^opeOd re avr&p, kcu ttoXXou? Kararpwtro^ 

fK)p>€p. Ka\ ^ero piep av Ti9 Beriaeip roi^ ye vporro' 
ardrcu^ he rov laov pA^ecOcu * pvp Be, &p vp^U» 
oxnrep irpoarjKeh wpoOvpao^ difytfJTe ra fieKti, dpaprrj^ 
cercu phf ovBel^, &p ye peoTtj 17 0S09, <^vXarrop£poi 
Be Bpairerevaova'Uf dei inro rah dairlaw &(rre e^e- 

96 oTcu (a<nrep rv<f>kov^ kcu rvwreip, ottov &v fiov\d>psOct, 
KCU epaXKop^epov^ dparpeirew. 'ilXX', & avBp&:, ovrca 
jQyri iroielp, o7ro>9 Ikooto^ T49 eavr^ ^peiaercu rljs 
piKTf^ curioiraro^ &p. Avrtf yap f)piPp hf 6eo^ OeKy, 
PVP aifoBtoaet kcu irarplBa, kcu olkov^, kcu eKevOeplop, 

WKoi rtpa^, kcu waiBa^, oU elat^ kcu yvpcuKa^* SI 



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OVEBTHROW OF THE THIRTT. 393 

iraa&v ffiiarqv ^fiepav* evScufuav He Koi^ op ri^ cnro* 
Oatnf fivi]fA€iov yap oiSel^ ovt<» ifKovaio^ &v tecikov 
rev^eroi. JLfap^ fA€P ovv eya>, ^t/e av suupo^ ^, 
iraiava' otop Be top ^EuvoKwv irapaxakea-mfAev^ rare • 
wdvreq ofi^BvfmSoPj avd* &v vj3piadfffA€Vj r&fu»p(OfjL60a 
rov<: avopa^. 

TaXha h* eliriv, kcu fiercurrpa^^ Trpo^ roif^ hfov* 
riov^, il<nr)(jMV el^e* km yap o fiuurrv; iraprjyyeiXev 
avroii, firi irporepov eirtrtOeo'dai, wplv &p r&v a<f>rre' w 
pmv Pi rriaoi, ri?, ^ rptoOeiri* ewetBiof fievrot rovro 
yevffreu, ^yrjcrofieda fi€P, €<f>fj, ^fiei^* viicq Se rnuv 
etrra* hro/jLevt), cfiol fuvroi Odvaro^, m y ifAol BoieeL 
Kai ovK ey^evcaro, aX}C eirei dveKafiov ra oifXa, ait* 
T09 p^ivi &<Tirep xnro fiotpa^ rtvo^ a^ofuevo^^ e/nrrjSrf' 15 
aa^ TTpcoro^f epnTeaadV roi^ iroXefnot^ anroOin^Kei^ /eai 
redawrcu ev r^ Suifidae^ rov Kr^^uraov* Oi £' SXKoi 
hflicmv KM KarehifD^av P'e^p^ rov ofiaXov, ^AireOavov 
B anavOa r&v fiep Tp^aKovra Kptrut^ re Koi ^Imro- 
p^X^^f T&v B* €P Heipcuel BeKa apxpvr^^p XapfuBtf^^ 
6 rkavKfDPOs, r&v B oXXodv rrepi efiBofiTjKovrct, Kai 
ra piv SnXa eXafiov, rov^ Be yir&va^ ovBevo^ r&p 
rroXvr&v €<rKv\eva'a;tf. Eirel Be rovro eyevero, km 
T0V9 veKpov^ vrroairovBov^ direBiBoaav, irpotriovre^ oX- 
X^Xof9 TToXKol BieXeyovro* KXeoKpiro^ Be, 6 r&v pv^^ 
ar&v KTjpv^, paK epifxiDvo^ odv, KaracuoTrrfO'dpevo^ eke" 
^v " AvBpei TToXTroi, rl r^pa^ e^Xavvere ; rl dfiro* 
KrelvM fiovXeaOe ; ^/i€t9 yap vpa^ kokov ovBeirtoTTore 
hroiria'apev, pereaxriKap^v Be vp2v km Up&v r&v (re- 
pvordrtov, km Ova^&v, km iopr&v r&v KoSXlarmv, kmv^ 



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394 XENOPHOir. 

(vjX9p€VT€u iccu fufA4f>oi7fiTat$ jej^yrj^Oa, /uu fvffrpth^ 
TiAroh xaX woXka fiM0* vfUnf MttuvSvpevieafiep seara 
yfjy KM tcarra doKarrav iwip rrjf tco^prj^ ofM^orept^v 
^fk&p armrrfpiofs Tt /au ehMvOepim. npo9 OeAtf wt^ 

BTp^p sou p/rfrpf»v, mi (uyyctnia^, km Krjieorim, 
Koi eraipitK, rn'ovrm^ jap rovrwv vroXXo* leoNwyod- 
p£V oKKriKoi^^ aiZovfjL€vo$ k<u 0eov^ km avOpinrov^^ 
itaviraaBt dfSMprapoim^ e? t^ irarpiia, tcM piri mi^ 
0€a^€ Toif avotmrrar^tq rpuueovra, A iSl^p Kcpiem^ 

loiiwca oXvfov ieiw irKdovq aireKTovaauf ^AOupMilmw ar 
OKrm p/9iaip, ^ irJarrt^ IltXoTrovinfirioi Biea ertf 7roX#- 

ro¥ vdpTWif MQj^iOT^p T9 KM j(aXeirwTarop km av^ 
trtmrcvrcp km e)(0upr€v km $€oU km ivBpwiroi^ wik^ 

ihfMnf iifuv wpo^ aXX^Xoi;^ irapej(owi,v* *A\>^ eS ye 
pyiinot hrianurde^ in km t&p vvp v^ rjfi&v aura^ 
OMfovTtov oi fAovov v/i€»9> oKKa KM ^fuei^ tarof ov^ 
TToXXa KOfretcucpwrap^y^ 

*0 pip T^wura iXeyep. Ol Be Xovirol apxorre^, 

»KM &a TO rouana m'poaoKoieiv, rov^ pe$^ eaurw 
aarrfff<vfOv €9 to ocrrv. T^ 8* varepaia el piv Tpior 
Kopra irapv S^ ranreiPoX Koi epripot ^vpeKofffpn-o ip vf 
^ppetplip* T&p Si Tpi<r)(iKiei>p Swov fMurroi Terapfp4^ 
poi ^op, iTMH'a'Xpv Sie^epopTo wpo^ aKKrjjKov^. "Oa-ot 

s&fMy yap eirewotriKea'ap t$ fiuuoTepop km e^fieih^ro, 
epTOPem eXeyop, ©9 ov 'xpri koOv^Uo-Om tow €P ITc*- 
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OVEBTHROW OF THE THIRTY 396 

TifP miKiv. Kcu TO rcXevToiov h^^lacarrot acelvov^ 
flip KaranravacUi SsXov^ Se ikdcBfu. Kcu etkovro 
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rov curreo^ irpoaepoKop, El he kcu tovto hel epireip 
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396 ZENOPHOK. 

Sti K<vra TOP €/c Avscelov BpofjLOv fUxXoiev ras pi^ 
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vai, Koi airoif fiev Kara yfjv dpfuxm^p, Alfivp Si 
rov oSeX^v pavap^ovvra eKrrefi^rjivau Em e^ehBm¥ 

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XiDpa^f ouceiav km irurrifv iroir^aaOau *0 Be Uov- 

naavla^ earparoireBevaaTO p^ev ev r^ *A\i7reB^ koKov, 



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OVBBTHEaW OP THE THIRTY. 397 

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398 XBNOPHON. 

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feoipp afjul>oT€poi, AoK^Mfwvloi^ ^ikoi elvai. *H8m9 

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fiova, eirtpmvv S^ km ol dm rov koivov ck tov atrreo^ 

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m aaarres Be Travfaw aorSnf ol e<t>opoi km ol eKKkt^TOi^ 



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OVERTHROW OF THE THIRTT. 399 

i(4it€fM^€a^ wevT€tcal8€/ea atfipan h riuf ^AOrpw;, /uu 
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repoi, eare ; *A\X^ o fiev Bijfio^, irepe<rTepo^ vfi&v &v, 
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400 XENOPHON. 

vapaPffiHU ovBev, aXXa tau roxno irpo^ roh aXXo«9 
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^dt/eoTtfae rrfv hacKqaiav. Km totc fieif apxa^ xara- 
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T69, fcj'ou? fuaOoSaOcu tov9 €v ^Ekevaivi, arpareviraf' 
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tSup 69 Xoyot;? eX^oWo? dveKreivaif, roU Be aXKoi^, 

10 etnrefi^p^urre^ tov9 <f>tKjov^ fcfu avayKCUov^, Sweurav (vp' 
aXkayfjpcu^ /ecu ofida-avre^ Sp/cov^, "ff /irpf fjJq /u^ 
aucoKr^eaf^^ en kcu vvp ofAov re iroXirevovrai, /cai 
roh op/coi^ efifUvei BfjfAo^. 



VIL PEACE OF ANTALKroAS. (Hellenica. 
Lib. V. a 1. B. C. 387.) 

01 fjbep ovv ^AOffvcuoit op&vre^ fUy 7roXXa9 Ta9 7oXe- 
Xhfiia^ vav^, <l>ofiovfA€voi Be, firj, w irporepov, ivarmroXe- 
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ye fiifv ^Apyeioiy iBovre^ <f>povpdt^ re ire^>curp,evr)v e^ 



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PEACE OF ANTATiKTDAS. 401 

eavToik, icdX yiyvmaKOPrt^, Sri 17 r&v fitiv&v xnro^pa 
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apycuovt etvM ^AOrjvaloiv. 'Owdrepoi Be rcurrqv tt^p 
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402 XENOPHON. 

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he Teyea^, wapfja-av ol 0rj/3a2oi, Xeyovre^, Sn cu^uun 

6Ta9 7roX6&9 avTOVofjLOv^. Km otnta AoKeSaifwvioi fjtep 
oiKoSe dirfjjKOop, &fjfia2o$ S 69 ra^ <nrovia^ eurek- 
Belv ^vaytcda-Ofjarav, avrov^fiov^ d^eirre^ ra9 BotooTUK 
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*Apyei(0P <f>povp(ip. *AXS^ 6 *Ayf)a'tKao^ kcu tovtow 

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16 p£T(UTioi Tov Spyov, avTol ypopreSi anrrjKBop he Ttjfi 
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10 Oop, avTopop^v^ Se airo t&p Orifictuop ra9 Boum&CK^ 



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BATTLS OV LBUKTBA. 403 

woKe$9 hroii^ia^i ovirep iraXeu hredvfjLOvy. "Ewavaap 
ie iuu ^Apyeiov^ Kopwdov 4rff>eT€pi^opipov^, ^povpcm 
^i^wxirre? eir' muTov<fM el fjufj e^ioiev ix KoplvOov. 



VWL BATTLE OF LEUKTRA. (Hbllenica, 
Lib. VL c. 4. B. C. 371.) 

*Efc ie Tovrov ci fiew *A&ffva!o$ rd^ re ^povpa^ he 
r&y iroKewv airfj^cfp, tccu ^I<l>$tepamfv tau ras va!h fie^ s 
r€7ref»roPTO, mu iaa iorepov eKafie fiera rou9 SpKov^ 
T0V9 €P AaiceSalfjkovi ^eyofUvov^, iravra fivarficaaav 
emoSovvcu, AoKe&tufMovioi fiivroi he piev r&p aXKtop 
^roKecnf rov^ re app^ocra^ k€u tov^ <f>povpov^ dtn^or 
yop • Kkedp^fiporop Be, iypvra to hf imKewn arpdrev lo 
fMo, Kcu erreperr&vra ra ot/coi rekrf, ** Ti j^ iromv ; ^ 
OpoBoov Xc(ai^09» ir^ mn^ io/eoirj, iuLKvacafra^ to 
drrpdrrevpa Kara rov^ Xptcov^ m wepupyyeikamas rah 
TToKea-h avp^fiaXea-dai eU rov vaop rou *AwoXXtavo^, 
inrdaou fiovkotro eiecum] irdXnit earevra^ ei p,ri Ti9 etffq is 
4wropop4>v^ Ta9 iroKei^ etpmi, rare irakiv wapatcaXe^ 
4nurra/i tov9 avp^pAypv^f icoi, ry ainovopiti fiovXoivro 
fioi}0up, Sjetv errl rov^ hfavruw/Aepov^ • ovrco yap hv 
Sifyfj ote<r0(u rov^ re Beov^ evfAeveardrov^ etveu, lecu ra^ 
vdkei^ iiicurr* hw ajfjOeaOcu • ^ S* hc/cKffCui, dfcowra- « 
aa ravret, exelvov piv ^Xvapelv ifffyraro* r^ yap, cd? 
jSiMce, 7^ Saipsptop ^ep * eweareiXap Se r^ EXeop^fipd^ 
T^y pjq SuiKuetp to trrpdrevpta, a\X' evOv^ ayeip, ewl 
TOW BrificUov^, el pHi airropofMn^ d^Uiep to? iroKet^. 



Digitized 



by Google 



404 ZHHOFHOH. 

*0 $€ KXcofJLfipoTO^, eireii^ mvOero rrgp uprptipf yeye* 
vrjfia»iP, wefi^^^K tt/w tow &f>opov^, fipwra, " Ti ;^ 
iroieiv; Ui o exikevaap avrov arparevup e)ri tou9 wf 
fiaiov^, el fiiq d^UUif ra^ Bou»tuk woKa^ ainovofjMv^. 

^^Eirei, oZv jaOero, ov)^ iirm^ to? iroKei^ dx^Uyrcu^, oXX* 
ovSi TO arpdrevfia ButKuovraif, w atmrarrourro vpo^ 
auTOv^, oir^ 8rj a/fe& rffv <rrpar$aif w- r^ BourriaPm 
Kai i fiiv oi Ofjfialo^ iftfioKKeiv airov etc r&v ^^tceuip 
wpoceSo/u^p, Koi eni arev^ run i^vKarraWt ovk ipb* 

^ fiaXXei* &a QurfiSov Sc opmvtjiv tccu anrpoaioiciiTOv tro^ 
pevOii^, a^uofwcu ck KpeScof, km to r€2j(p^ oip^ 
KM rpiripei^ rSnt Offfiai^v BwSexa Xufifiapei* Tavra 
Bi vo^i^fK, seaX avafias wiro rrf: OaKarrf^t mrrparo^ 
veBeva-aro hf AevKrpoi^ t^ Oeairueij^. Oi Be Sff/Saio^ 

u eoTparoTreSevacano eirX t^ cnrairrucpv Xo^, ov iro- 
Xi; iuCKeiirovre^t ovBewt/i i^ovre; avfi/Jbdxov^, aXX' 4^ 
T0i;9 BoMTTot^. "Evda S^ r^ KKcofkfipor^ ol /icv 
i^iKoi vpocUvre^ eKeyop* ^'^li KXeofjLfipore, el a^nfcret^ 
Tot^ B7jfi€uov^ avev fuixn^, KU^vpeOaetn vtto rfj9 vo^ 

s>X£Q»9 ra eaxara iradetv. *ApafAVfi<r07i(rovr€U yap cov, 
K(u Sri, w Kwo^ Ke^Xoi a^ycofievo^, ovSep t^ x^ 
pa/9 T&v OfjficUc^p eBff<»<ra^, tuu Sri, itrrepow arpareu* 
mv, am-eKpovaOff^ rij^ efifioXSii, ^AyqaCKaov adi epfiakr 
XovTo^ Bui rod Ki0Mp&vo9. Etirep oZv ^ aavroi kt^, 

* fj rij^ irarplZo^ ewtdvfuh, oKreop eni tov9 apBp<K^ Ol 
fuv <f>iKoi rokoXna ekeyop • oi B^ epoprloi, " Nvv Brj,** a^- 
cap, ** Brfkaxrei 6 dtnip, el t^ Hvri Kr^Berai r&v Oiifiaunf, 
wnrep Xeyerai^ *0 fjiev B^ RkeofijSpoTo^ raS/ra axai* 
€»v irapc^^yvero irpo^ to ijux^^v avpofirrew, T&v B* oS 

» Ofifiaiwv oi trpoearSne^ ekoyl^ovro, »9, cl ft^ fu^xpu^ 



Digitized 



by Google 



BATTLE OF LBUKTRA. 406 

TO, cffiroarr^ovino fiiv a! irepiouciBe^ aur&v woTijei^, av^ 
rot Be iroXiopKrio'oivro « el Se fMJ ^^v 6 Sfffio^ 6 Qt^ 
fiamv rdiriTi^eia, Sri KivSw€vao$ km fj iroKt^ axnoifi 
evcunia yepeaOiu * ire Se koI veifyevyore^ irpoa-ffev 
iroXKol aur&jff eXoyi^ovro Kpeuraov etviu fiaxpfieuot^ 6 
ai3ro$pri(nc€Uf, ^ iraKtv ^evyew. IIpo^ Se rovroi^ irape- 
Oappwe fieif ri ovrot;? k€u 6 yprjafio^ o Xeyofievo^, ^ 
Beoi evraifOa AcucehcuiJMviov^ ^mjOrjvtu, evda ro r&v 
irapOeiwv fpf funj^io, Ji Xeyovreu, Sia ro fiuurdtfvcu vrro 
Aaiee^€UfjLov$wp ruf&v, airoicreaHU eavrik* Kai e/coa-p/rf- lo 
cav Srj Twro to /o^yua ol 0rf/3aioi irpo rfj/i P^Xf^' 
AmiyyeXXero Se ex rfj^ 9ro\6Q»9 avroU, m ot re ve^ 
iravre^ avroparo^ ave^ovro, aX re Upeuu "Keyoiev, (o? 
vifCfjv ol 0€o\ ^alvoi^if. ^Ek Be rov *HpeucXelov xai ra 
ijrXa e^xurav cufKUfif etv€U, cJ?* rov *Hp€ueKeov^ eU rrjv i6 
fkdx^v e^copp/ripJvov. Ol piev Sif rive^ Xeyovatv, w 
ravra vavra rej^ifoapara "ijv r&p wpoearfffeoraov, EU 
S' oip rifp p-a^v iravra ravavrla rol^ AcueeSaipov^ 
0A9 eylyvero, roU Se iravra kcu, imo rtf^ tvj^9 «a- 
rtopOovro* Hv piv yap p^r* apurrov r^ RKeofJk/5por<p so 
fj reXevrala fiovXif irepl rfjf; pJx'i^ * ep Se rp petrrip^ 
fipiif xnroirivovrwp, kcu rop otvop trapo^ypo* ri avrov^ 
eKeyero* ^Ewel Se ciyirXiiopro hcarepot kcu irpoBrfKop 
fjp, ori ri pd'Xff eaoiro, irpcrrop fiep, annepcu ipp/rjpe- 
p<op €K rov BoiMriov arparevparo^ r£>p rtjp ayopap as 
irapea-KevcucoTo^v, kcu cKevoifyopwp riv&p, kcu r&p ov 
l3ovXop,€vwp pd')(ea'0cu, irepiiovre^ KVKXtp ot re pera rov 
^lepwpo^ pua6o<f>opoi, kcu ol r&p ^(DKdmp ireXraarai, kcu 
r&p vmresop ^HpcucXeUarcu kcu ^Tucurtoi, hnOepevot 
rol^ airiovaip, errearpe^dp re avrotk. kcu KCpreBiei>^ap an 



Digitized 



by Google 



406 XBNOPHOK. 

wfm TV oTpariveBop to tw Bmrnrifi^ • mar€ woh» • 
fi£P eirolfia'ap fie^av re luu aBpoirrepav ^ irpo^Oev ro 
T&v Boicrr&v trrpareuiJM. "Eveira &, Sre /au ir€&$9V 
oin-09 rov fAera^t vpoerd^amo fiiv rfj^ tavrAp ^dXaj^ 

8 «yo9 ol AatceSaifWPioi rovq imrw, atnerd^arro B «t^ 
T0i9 Mu oi Sffl3a2oi tov^ eeurrm^. ^Hv Se to fiiv iw. 
Qflfialtov hnruoiv iiefA€KeTf)icih, W re top wfrn ^OpXP' 
fieviov^ iroKefkov kcu Bm top wpo9 Becrrim* rw B^ 
AoKeBaifiopioi^ kot^ €KHP0P top ypopop vopffporarop ij/p- 

to TO imriKop. ''ETpe^p f^€P yap Toif^ tnrov^ ci irkiH^ 
ffKOTOTOi* hrei Bi (f>povpa ^>ap0eiff. Tore fjictp 6 avp^- 
TeraryfieifO^ • Xafioipp S' &p *iw tmrop leat SirXa, oiroui 
Bolff avT^ €K Tod irapa'XpfipM cof e^rparrevero • T«r 
8' av GTpaTtwr&p ol T0i9 inofiaaip oZvpaTwraToi, km 

15 rJKUTTa <f>iXSTifjMi eni t&p limradP ?faatf, Tounhop fiep 
oip TO Unr$/mp auvreprnp ^. Tfj^ Be if>aKayyo^ tow 
^€P AcuceBoLfioviov^i e^uurop eU TpeU rrjp epmfioTuaf^ 
ayeip* tovto Be avfifi€UP€af airoU ov irXiop ^ el^ Bto^ 
Bexa TO pd0o^. Oi Be Oijficuoi ov/c eXarrop fj eni irep- 

ao TTjKOPTa darriBcop ovpeoTpafAfiepoi f^av, Xoji^ofiepoi, w, 
el pi^crfo-eiop to vepi top ficurtkeOf to SXSjo '/rap eij^ei* 
p<OTop eaoiTO. ^Ewel Be vfp^TO ayeip 6 KXeofkfiporo^ 
Trpo^ Tov^ iroXefJuov^, irp&rrop fiep, trpip kcu aurSeaOai 
TO /A€T* ainov HTparevfuif Sri 7]yo2TO, /ecu Siy oi Unrein 

25 avpejSefikrjKeaap, Ktu Ta/)(y rj^rrrfPTo ol t&p AaxeBatfio^ 
pI<m)V' <f)evyopT€^ Be epeireimoKeaap toU eavT&p OTrXl- 
T(u^, €T^ Be epefiaTsXop ol t&p 0rjfiaio>p Xoy(pi, ^OfMs^ 
Be, o>^ ol fiep irepl top EXeopfiporop to irp&rop etepd^ 
rovp T^ P^XV* ^^^^ Tovry Tetcp^pup ypolr) rh av • oi 

aoyop civ rj^vvapTo avrop ap^Keada^, Koi ^&PTa am^epey 



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by Google 



BATTLE OF LEUKTRA. 407 

.ttdm^ cl /^ ol irpo ourov fia^ofievoi eire/eparotfv €V iscei- 
vtp r^ XP^^V' Eire^ fievTOt arreOave Aetvwv re o tto- 
\AfM(y)(p^ /ecu S<f>oSpia^ t&v irepi Srjfwauw, kcu KXed^ 
vu^9 6 vio^ avTov, KCU oi fi€v tinro$, /cai ol avfi^- 
p^U rov vo\£fji>dpj(pv KoKevfuvot, ot re aXKoi, wro tov « 
Q)(\ov a>0ovfA€voc, av€)(o>povp, oi Se rov ewowfiov ovre^ 
rwv AaxeScufiovlmp, C09 i(ip(ov to Se^iov ayOovfievov, eve 
KKivav * a/iM»9 Be, irdKKm reffvedyroiv, Kot ^a-a^yievoi^ 
hrel hU^trav vqv ra^pov, ^ irpo rov arparoveSov 
ervyev ovaa avroi^, eOevro ra SifKa icara p^copai^, evdev 10 
&pfif)vro. Hv fievro^ oi iraw kv hriireSip, aXKa irpo^ 
opOUp /mXKov ri, ro arparoirehov. E/c Se rovrov ijaav 
fiep rive^ r&v AoKeBtufjLOvicDV, o^ o/^optfrov rr^p avfJL<f>0' 
pay rjyovfievo^ ro re rpoiraiov e^xurav XPV^^^ tcaykvew 
urrcufcu rov^ rroXefilov^t rov^ re vexpov^ /*^ inrooTrop- 15 
Zov^f aXXa hia p^XO^ we^paaOat opcupelaOcu * ol Se iro' 
\€fiap)(pif op&pre^ pip rS>p avprn-dprtop AcuceZaipLOpUiP 
re0P€&T(K eyyv? XiX/ot;?, op&pre^ S avr&p S'lraprut" 
rip, oprcdp rS)p eKel (»9 errroKoauop, reOprfKora^ irepi 
rerpa/coaiov^, aladop^epot Se rov^ avfip^'^pv^ iroprtv; 90 
fiep a0vfi{0^ e^opra^ irpo^ ro fAwxeaOai, eairt Se ou9 ai^- 
r&p ovSe a')(jSop,epov<: tcS yeyeptjp^epip, avXXe^apre^ tov? 
ejruccupuordrov<i efiovXevopro, ri 'xprj woieuf* Eirel Se 
iraa-ip eSoicec \nro<nr6pSov<; tov9 peicpov^ apcupelaOcu, 
otrro) Srf eTrepA^op /crjpvKa irepi airopSa>p, Ot fieproi Orj^ 9i 
ficuoi psra ravra tcai rpoiriuov earrjaapro, km rou9 
pexpov^ uTToairopSov^ aireSoaap, 

FepofiepcdP Se rovrtop, 6 psp et9 rr^p AcuceSaipopa 
dfyye\&p ro vdOo^ a<f>LKP€lr<u, yvpLPoiraiSi&p re oiaw 
T^ reXevrala^, km rov apSpucov ^(ppov epSop opro^. Ot ?u 



Digitized 



by Google 



408 XENOPHON. 

Se '^E^opoc erret ffKovaav to iraJBo^, eKinrovmo piiv, &j^ * 
vep olfjuu, dvdy/cy • rov fievroi 'xppov ovk e^riya/yap 
aXXa Siaywviiraa'Ocu e?(oi/. Kai ra fikv ovofuna wpo^ 
T0U9 o^ce/ov? ixdoTov r&v reOveontov dweSoarav* irpotS' 

Birov Si r<u9 ywcu^l, fitj iroulv Kpavyrpf, dXKa aiy^ ro 
waJBo^ <f>ep€i,v, Ty Se varepaia ffv opfp, &v pyev ere- 
Ovcurav ol irpofrrj/covre^, Xitrapov^ xai if>aiZpov^ €P -njJ 
^avep^ avcurrpe^fieifov^ • Sof 8e {fipT€9 , ^yyeXfUpot 
^av, oKiyov^ hv etSe^, tovtov^ Be aKuOpeyircv^ Ktu ra^ 

yoireuHW irepUdvra/i. 



IX. BATTLE OF MANTINEIA. (Hellenica, 
Lib. Vn. c. 6. B. C. 362.) 

O S at; Eirap^ecvdfvBa^, hOv/Aovfievo^, art oXiytop 
fiev ^fiepSnf dvar/icq iaoi/ro dirtivcu, Bm to e^/cetv r^ 
OTparela top j(pdvov ' el Be KardKety^ei, eprjpLOi;^, of? 
rf\0€ avfipMj(p<;, exelvot iroXtop/erjco^irro iiro t&p dim* 

15 waXtov, avro^ Be XeXvp^aafievo^ travrdircuri, ry iaurov 
Sofy eaoiTO, r}T7f}p,evo^ p,ev ev AcuceBalp^ivi aw mtlKK^ 
oirXiTi/c^ inr* oXiycDV, ^rrrjfievo^ Be ev Mavrivela Ithto- 
pM')(la^ <UTa)9 Be yeyevrjpsvo^ Bia rfjv €9 neXovovpffo-op 
arpareiap rov avvea-rdpcu AaxeBcupLOplov^ k<u ^Apxdr 

90 809 Kcu *A^cuoin: Kcu *H\elov^ kcu ^AOrjpolov^ • &<rre 
OVK eBoKei avT^ Bvparop etpat dp/i'^ei irapekBelp, Xoyp- 
fyp,ep(p, irt, el fjiep puc^, irdpra ravra dpaXwroiro • 
et Be dwoOdpoCy KdKrpf t^p reXevr^p rfff^aro etrea-OiU^ 
ireipfop^eptp r^ irarplBi dpyriv TleXoTroppi^ov xaraX^ 



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BATTLE OF MANTINEIA. 409 

imk T^ fiip oip avTOV rouUrra BtavoeioBm w irai/v 
fUH So/e^i davfAaoTOP etvcu* ^CKorrlfUov yap avhpSnf ra 
'TouMTa Stavoi^fiara • to fAorroc aTpdrevfAa wapea-zeeva-- 
fcepfu, 09 irovoav re p/rfSeva diroKafAveiv, /tTfre w/ct6k, 
pjfte fifUpa^, icufivvov re fAf^Sepot; cufHorcurOcu, (nravia 5 
7€ ra eirirrfbeia ixpvra^ ^/mo? ireiOeaOai eBeKeiv, ravra 
fWi So/eei Baufjuurrorepa elpai, Kat yap 8re ro reXev^ 
reSop iraptiyyeiKep auroi^ wapaa-tceva^eaOtu, m p^X^ 
iaop^Pff^, irpo6vpM^ piep ^./evKOVPro oi tmreU Ta /rpa- 
Pff, xeXevopro^ exeipov * eireyp€uf>oPTo Be tau rwp ^Ap-^ 10 
KoSmp iir>ara^ porraXa S^opre^, »9 Orf/5aio$ opre^* 
irapre^ Be fjKOp&pro kcu Xoyyaf; teal pMyaipa^, /roi 
eKap^irpvpopro ra^ cunriZa^. *Eirel p4prot oirm Tape" 
&K€V€urp,epovf e^rffor/ep, a^iop av tearaporja'a^, & hroi* 
f)iTe, UpSnop pip yap, &<nrep ehcS^, avperarrero. Tovro i» 
Be frpanrrwp, aa^PL^eiv eBo/cet, C09 ei^ P^X'iv wapea/eev" 
altera • errel ye pnrfp ereratcro, avr^ ro trrparevp^a, ©9 
ijSovXero, rfjp p^p* ovpropoyrarTjp Trpo^ rov^ iroXepuov^ 
ovK fiye, irpo^ Be ra irpo^ eairepa^ op^ T179 Teye(v; icoi 
dprpirepap r/yelro * tocre Bo^ap irapeij(e roU iroXep^ioi^, 21 
/A^ iroir^eaOai p^a^n^ ^ etcetprf tJ VH^P^ ^^ J^P ^» 
<&9 irpo9 r^ ope^ eyepero, enel e^eraOt) aur^ fi <}>a\ay^, 
{fTTO roU tnp^Xoi^ edero ra SifKa • &irre ei/ecur0rj arpa" 
roveBevopep^. Tovro Be irolfjaa^, ekwre p^v r&p irXel" 
<rr(OP troXepJo^p r^p ep to*? -^rvx^ irpo<; p^ixv^ trapa- 21 
o'Kevrpf, ekwre Be ripf ep raw avpra^eaiv, ^Errei ye p,r\p, 
rrafor/arfoip tow evi Kepw^ rropevop^pov^ Xo^pv^ e\^ 
pirtairop, icrxypop eTrotrja-an-o ro irepX eavrop €p,fio\op, 
rare Bif dpaXafielp irapayyeika^ ra SnXa, fffevro* 04 
S' riKokoiOovp. Ol Be iroXepioi m etBop wapa Bo^apm 
35 



Digitized 



by Google 



410 XENOPHON. 

oi iikv edeov eU to^ ro^t^y oi Sk Traperarropro, o* 
S€ 1W0U9 €x<i^Povp, ol Be OtipaKOi h^vovro * vame^ 
i\ ireurofAepoK fAoKKov, ff woiTiaotHriv e^Mcc^-oy. 'O 

sSe TO OTparevfui amLirpo>pop &<nrep rpiiipff irpo<r!ij€, 
vofU^foVt Smj ipfioKMv Suucoy^eu, Suul>0€pU9f oKov n 
T&¥ euaPTuop arpdrev/ia^ iccu yap Stf r^ iiev Mrp^ 
porrdrtp irapeateevaiero d/y^vl^ea-Ocu, to Si da-Oepdara^ 
Tov fropfM dveoTrfa-ev, elBw, Sti rfrntOeif dOvfUa^ 09 

10 TTopoo^oi TOK fteO* avTOv, pdfitjv Si roii voXefuot^* 
Km fiTflf Tov^ Imrta^ ol piv iroXefiioi avrol wctpe^ 
ra^avTO, Sxnrep (nrktr&v ifxiXayyo^ fidOo^ ^^» f^ 
eprfp^y ire^&p dp»tmroDV 6 S Eirap^iPoavSa^ av xai 
TOV Imrucov ifi^o'Kop ur)(ypop eiroiriaaro, lau dfuw^ 

16 TTOV? irefyv^ avpera^ep avroU, pop^^fop, ro imrncov 
errel Suucoy^iep, o\op ro aPTiiraXop pepitcrfKO)^ earecdai* 
p^X/i yap ')(aKe7rop, evpelp tov9 eOeXriaoPTa^ pJvup^ 
eiretSdv ripa^ ^cvyopra^ r&p iavrov opata^* tcai Sirm^ 
/i^ €infior)0<!Hnp oi *A0f)Paloi diro tov ewopvp^iv Kepor 

90TO9 eTrl TO €Xpp>€Pop, KaTea^aep eni yrjfkdifwp Tumm 
epapTiov^ avTol^ kcu, irmrea^ kcu ottXito^, ^fiov fiov^ 
Xdpspo^ KCU, TOVToi<! wapexecp, «9, el fiorfOrlaaiep, Sin- 
adep ovTOi eiri/eela-oiPTO ainoh, Trjp pip S^ avpfioXr/p 
ovT(o^ eTroiTjaaro, kcu ovk ey^^evaOr) rlys eXiriSo^ • Kpa^ 

25 Tqca^ yap, y irpoaej3aXep, oXop eirolrjae ^^evyeip to 
tS)p evaprUnp. ^Etrel ye pi}p hcelpo^ eireaep, ol Xonni 
ovSe rp pIktj opOw eri eSvpdaBrjaav 'XpriaaaOcu, dXKa^ 
^vyovar^ pip airroU t^ epcunla^ ^diXarfyo^;, oiSepa 
dtreKTetpop ol ottXItcu, ovSe wpofjIKOop Ik tov j(€»piov, 

ao €P0a 17 (rvpfioXrj eyepero * <f>vyopTmp S avToh kcu 



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by Google 



BATTLB OF MANTINEIA. 411 

tAp Unreo^v, aTrexreivav imp oiSk ol vtnm.^ Bim/covre^ 
otrre hnrda^ ouO* OTrKira^, wnrep Se ffrroifjuepoi ir€^>0' 
firifieim^ Bta t&v <l>€vydvra)v iroXe/jbia^p Bieireaov. Kai 
imfv oi ifUTTiroi km oi TreKraa-rai, avpvevunjfeore^ rch 
Unrewnv, o^Ikovto fiep eni rov ewovvfuw, w fcpa- » 
T0tW€9* licel he xnro r&v *A0rjval(0P oi irXeioTOi air&p 
anriOavov. Tovrtov & irpaxOevrwv, roivairriov lyey/- 
vriro, ov ivoiuaav iravre^ avdpioiroi eaeaOiu. SvpeXff' 
XvOvloi yap aj(eS6v dwdarf^ rffs *EXXaBo^ tea* amvrerar 
yfuimv, ovSek fjp, Sari^ ovk ^ero, el fuix'! ^aovro, rov^ lo 
fb€P KpaTTjaavra/i ap^uf, rov^ Se /eparfjOevra^ vwqicoov^ 
IheaOa* * o he 0&>^ ovreo^ eiroltfaev, &aTe ap/f>orrepoh fieu 
<»9 vePMTiKores rpoircuop earriaavro, toi;9 Se UrrafAevov^ 
otfSerepot exdXuop* vexpov^ Se afA^orepoi fiev (»9 vevi' 
icfjtcore^ wroairovBov^ airehoaav, afiffxyrepoi Se (09 ^m/- 16 
fjbepoi inroairovSov^ a'FreXafjk/Saifov* NevucrjKepad, Se ^>ar 
iTKOvre^ acdrepoif otrre X^P9» ^^^ iroKeh ovt dpj(^ 
ovSerepoi ovSev irXeov e^ovre^ €<f>apfiaav, fj irpiv rrfv 
§JMj(vjiP yeveaOoA* axpuria Se koL rapaj(ii Sri ir\€$e»v 
fkera tiiv /u^^ iyevero, fj irpdaOep ev ry *EKKalSu ^ 



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AIOAHPOS SIKEAiaXH^a. 



L ACCESSION OP KING PHILIP. (Lib. XVL 
00.1-3. B. C. 359.) 

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h-ff T&v MaxeBdvwp il3aa'iX£XHr€u, eXa^urrcu^ Si a^p^ 
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\&p iecu fieyaktop eOp&v tcai rroXeofp Kuplap hrolriae. 
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vapeKal3€ r^ rjyefiopiop, hoovcUo^ t&p v^Keotp inrO' 

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ACCB6SI0K OF EINQ FHIUF. 413 

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414 DIODOBUS 8ICULUB. 

vi&p St^e^aro rrjv ap^frpf. Tovroy Sc IItoXc^m£>9 
o ^AXoDptTTf^ h6Ko^vfi<ra/i irapeKafie rtjp fiaaiKeioif 
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TovTOV Se irapara^ei, fieyaXof \€uf>0€VTO^ viro IXXu^ 
B pwv Kcu 'rreaoPTO^ eni rfj^ XP^^> tikMnro^ 6 oBeK' 
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KcucSa^ Biatceifievrpf. *Avipprpno piv yap €V t$ 'wapo^ 
To^i Mcue^pwp TrXeiov^ r&v rerp€ucur)(pd»v^ oi & 
'konroi KatanreirXjtf/pivoi, ra^ r&v *IXXupi&p Buvofte^ 

10 irepl^fioi teaOeurrritce^aav km 'n'po^ to hunroKefJLietv a9v^ 
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irXriaiov rrfi MeuceBovia^ oi/cothrre^ hropOovp ripf '}(wp<tp, 
Kara^povovvre^ t&p Mok^iwv, ^iKkupiol Se fieyaXdK 
Bwafiei^ rfipoifyv k(u crpareueiv el? r^ McuceZovlav 

IB 'n'ap€aK€va^ovro, HavaaviiK Be rt^ rrj^ fiaaikuajq avy- 
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tearfjyop hn rrpf fiaaiKeiop ^ApyaioPt icai crparrffop 

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Ta9> pavTiKifP Be Bupap4V d^iokoyop, 

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€P airopla r^ psyiarif leadeurrfifceta'ap. *^XX* oyu4»9 

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TfjiP apBpeiap evffapaeU hrolffo-e* ras Be trrpaTurrucmi^ 

wrafei^ evi to Kpehrop Bu)pO<oaap,€PO^, Kiu tov^ opBpas 



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CAPTURE OP OLYNTHOa 415 

ToJ? irciKefwcoU oifKov; Beovraos tcocfirjaa^, awexw cfb- 
TrkKTUi^ Kcu yufivaauK eva^toviov^ eiroUiro, EvevorfO'e 
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fUfM]<ra/i€vo^ Tov kv Tpota r&v '^paxop aweKrjrur/iov, 
Koi irpSno^ <Twe<rTriaaro rrfv McuceSovM^u (l>a\cpyya. 6 
Ev Se Tofc 6fJuXl<K irpocnivTf^ ^v, kcu Bui t€ t&p 
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ra irXridri irporffero. IIpo^ re to irXSjdo^ t&p ctt*- 
^pofiiptop KipBinwp €v<TToj(fo^ dpTefA/tfj(apaTO* 



IL CAPTURE OF OLYNTHOS. (Lib. XVL 
cc. 53, 54. B. C. 348.) 

Tov S* CTOtS TOVTOV SuXffoPTO^ ^A07fP7iai /JL€V fjpX^ 10 

&€d<l>iXo^, 'OXv/ATTW S' VX^^ oyBoff w/w toT? ixarop, 
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irp&rrop piKr^aa^ tow *OXvp0iov^ Bval futxcu^ ovpeKXetr 
<T€P eU irolaopKUip • irpoa^dX^^ Be avveyet^; troiovfievo^ 
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aTfjKora^ t&p O\vp0uop EvOvKparrjp Te kcu AcurOeptjp 
Bia TOVTCOP irpoBoOeurap ttjjp OXvpOop etke, Auipriraaa/^ 
£' axnrpf kcu tow ePoiKovpTO^ e^pBpcpiroBurc^iepo^ e\a^ 



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416 DI0I>0Bn8 SICULUS. 

^p€rvikiiia€. Tovro Sc vpa^ j(pftifuttmp re vo^Xm 
€19 TOP wokMfkov eivopffae tc€U rcni SXK/k iroXet^ to? 
onrriavfiOHK .fcareirXri^aTO. Tov^ Sk avBpayfi6i^avTa^ 
rtav trrparurrinf Kara ripf fi^X"!^ a^uu^ Sotpeak r^trf' 
f 4ra9» tcai ')(f»iiJLarrt^¥ irXajdo^ BtoBov^ tok €p t<U9 iroXe- 
trof ltr)(iQvaif voXKov^ ^^^ vpoSoraq rw Trarp&wf. 
Kcu ovrof Be awe^oivero &a j^fivclov wXu fwXkap 

Ol S' *A0iiva4Oi T^ avl^a'^ u(l>op(ifi£poi rod tOuit' 

10 70V TOW o€$ iroKefioviuvoi^ inr avrov ePorfiow, irpe- 
afiei^ affrfxrreKKovTe^ eni ra^ TroXew iccu irapcucaXoutrre^ 
Ttjpelp rrp^ airrovo/juctv km roif^ eni rrp; vpoBoautp 
oppMvra^ T&v wokirSuf Oavarfp KoXd^uf eirqyjiXXovTO 
Be vaa-i avfJLfAaj(7i<y€iv, icai <f>avepAf; eatrrov^ iroXefuov^ 

16 a'jroSei^a4rT€^ r^ fiaatXel StevoXefiot/v wpo^ itKimrov. 
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vov^ Tov^ j(popot;^ *EXXqv<i§p. Ov firfp ij iroKt^ ye 
apiKTrelXcu ttj^ eni rifP vpoSoalap opprfi rjBvprfiri tov^: 

90 'n'oXlrtK * TOUMVTff if>opd ri9 TrpohorSnf tnnjp^ rore Kar^k 
rrpf 'JEIXXoSo. AiO Koi ffxiai top ^iXawttop fiovkopLe" 
POP ikelp Tiva iroXuf oj(ypoTffTi hui^epoviravt eiiropro^ 
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XeWf eirepwTfiaiu ei ovS 6 ypvao^ ro Te*j^09 vrrep^ 

96 fifjpcu Bvparo^ earip. Hp yap irelpcof evKri^w ori 
ra roi9 iirKoi^ oBvpara j(€ip(o07jp(u r^ ^va^ pqZiop 
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iUpov^ to xP^^^^ ^epov^ ical <f>tXjou^ opop^i^mp, Toii 

8oiroi^/MU9 oiukiai^ BU^eipe Ta ffiri t£>p oiSpdnrmp. 



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END OF THE PHOCIAN WAB. 417 



HL END OF THE PHOCIAN WAR. (Lib. 
XVI. cc. 58-60. B. C. 346.) 

Kara Be rrp^ BotcrrUof oi fikif trnxek rpeh irokn^ 
Sj(pPTe^ mxyp(»fi€pa^, Opxpfievop tea* Kopcivevap kcu 
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mpteyivovTO r&v iyj(mpi^P» Awirep oi Boimroi, ffki- 
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fiovhJfi€PO^ ra AeuKTp^ca ^povr^iAara cn;<rr€(Xa^ rSsv 
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<l>v\arTOfji€Po^ TO Sokup p^ wcpiopap ro pMpreiop <r€<rv- 
XrifUpop. T&fv Se tc^KWP oIkoBopovptodp <f>povpiop irepl 
rw; oPOfJM^op4pa^ '^AjSa^, koO* & earip ^AtroKKoopo^ iff 
ajufp iepop, etrrparewrap eir airov^ ol BouoroL Eih> 
0v^ B* ainSofP o! yykp w ra^ t^iffra ttoKei^ ^vyopre^ 
St^awdpffo'ccp, oi 8' €49 rop pwp rov ^AiroWtopo^ Kora^ 
^vyopre^ eU weproKoo'lou^ oTraiKopro, IIoXKa p»ep ovp 
Koi aXXa 0eia irepl rox;^ to^Keh trvpefifi yepeaOai ireptM 
Tovrov^ T0V9 ypopov^t p^aKMrra Sk to pJxXop Xeye- 
<rda4» Ol yap eU top pswp Kara^vyovre*: vneKa^op 
&a T^ rip 6eS>p eirucovpla^ cwOrfacaOai, rovpapriop 
Se Beta rali irpopolq ti^ wpo4rrfKOv<rry; rok UpoavKoi^ 
rifjuopia^ Stv)(op. IloWfj^ yap oxHrtf^ ori^aBo^ 7r€pisi$ 
TOP pedp, Koi irvpof; ep raw frmipfw rw Tn^vyd- 



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418 DIODORUS SICULUS. 

ToaavTffv €(wf>0rpf<u ^Xoya irapa!6o^m^ Stare rov vabv 
KM Tov^ KaranreiftevyoTCifi ei^ airrov ^cdkcI^ ^Snrr<K tcara^ 
^Xexfffjwu. ToU yap UpoavKois £Bo|e to Oeiav p,^ 

i^Siidptu T^ €ic rfj^ Uceaia^ auyxfopov/ievffv cur^xiKeuw. 

*Eir apxovTo^ S* *AOrjvfj<riv *Apylov ^Pmfuuoi /care' 

CTfi<rav vwdrov^ Map/cop AlfuKufv tcai Tlrop Kotimov. 

^E'tri he rovrmv 6 ^»fUKo^ voKefio^, Butfuiva^ en; Setta^ 

icarekuOff rdvSe rou rpoirov. Bouor&v km ^wxemv 

10 T€T(vn'€i,voi)fjJiwv Bm TO p^rfKO^ Tov wo\€fAov, ^mxek 
piv irpiapeu; e^airiirreCKav ev; AcueeSalp^opa irtpi fioff- 
dtia^t XirapTiartu Se 'xCKiov^ wirklrcvi ^etrep/^^^uf arpOf 
Tfjyov hrum^avre^ ^Ap^HBapov rov ^curCKia. Botm- 
T&v Se irapwnXri<riw^ tovtok BuvtrpeafievfrojUvmv irpo^ 

IS ibumrop irepl <rvp^p4»)^ia^, o ^iKvinro^ irapaXcifiwp 
TOW OerraXov^ ^/eev eh rifv AoKpiBa pera iroXK^ 
Bwapetd^. KaraXafitop Se taSxuKov iraKtv rffi arpa" 
rriyitvi fi^uopJvov km to t&v p^urffoifwpmv 9rX^09 ej(pvTa, 
TFopecKeva^ero irapaTafyi Kp2vM tov iroKefAov* 6 Se 

20 ^aTuuKO^ ev Ty Nucaia Buvrpi/Swv, km 6eiopS)v airov 
ovK d^idpM)(pv ovTO, BieTrpeafievaaro irpo^ tov ficurCKjia 
irepi BtaXuaeav. Fevop^evrj^ B* op^Xoyla^ Stare toy 
tdXatKov psra r&v arparu&r&v dnreXOelv Sirov fiau- 
Xotro, oSto9 p^ vTroarrovBo^ eU rifv neXorrowtfoov 

9B dve^dpriae p^ra rSav p^Ardo^pmv, ovrwv oKTCuaa^CKU^Vt 
oi Be toDKeU awrpifievre^ raU eKirla^ trupeBatKMf eov- 
T0V9 T^ iiXlmnp. 'O Be fieunXev^ avev fM/X^. <*''*^ 
^ioTio^ KardKvacL^ rov Upov voXjep^ov awrjBpevae pera 
r&v Boimr&v km SerraXAv. "EKpwev ovv ovyKordr 

ao y€(i^ TO r&v ^ Ap^vKrvdvwv aweBpiov, km tovt^ t^ 



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END OF THE PHOCIAN WAR. 419 

9re/H T&p ^\jo$v Buv/vtociv hnrpe^^xu. "EBo^ev oip 
Toh aweSpoi^ fAeraSovptu r^ ^iKiinnp kcu toU airo^ 
J0V019 avTOV rfj^ *AfMf>ucTvovl(K, kcu Bvo ^nj^ov? ^€4V, 
&9 vpOTcpov ol KaranroKefi/tfiBevre; ^cofeei^ elj^ov. T&v 
£' Of ^mKeva-t rpi&v iroKemv vepUKeiv ra reiyfi, ted 5 
affSefuop tcoivoopicuf etvcu rol^: trnKevat rov lepov fi^Se 
roO ^AfMf>i/cTVOvucov aweSpiov* firi e^eivcu Be avroh 
yjftt rTnrow /A^frc orn-Xa terTJ(rcur0at, fUj(pi hv ov ra 
'XjrqfUVTa heriatoah r^ 0e^ ra aeavXrffiei/a, Tov^ Be 
ire^>evffOTa^ r&v ^xetov kcu r&v aXKuv tS>p fiere- lo 
cx^icormv rffi lepoavTua^ eptvyel^ etvat, k<u a^<oylfU)v^ 
iraanoOeu. Ta^ Se iroKei^ diraaa^ rS>v ^dKemv icara^ 
aeof^pui K(U fieroiKla-iu eU tcdfia^, &v ifcdanjv ftij irXeiov 
e/ew ouci&p ireprriKOPTa, fMjBe Biearopcu HKottop oto- 
Blav ras icdfJUK air aXXT^XofP. Ex€af Be ^cotceU ri/p is 
yjipcoft Kcu <l>ep€ip /car epvavrop r^ 0e^ if>opop ra" 
Xopra e^KOpra, fJ^XP^ ^ e/crlaciHri ra aTroypaxfyarra 
j^fjMra Kara rrfp UpoauXlap. TiOepcu Be koL rop 
dy&pa r&p IIvOuop ^Iki/mrop p>€ra Bouor&p kcu Oer- 
rdXSw Bm ro KoptpOiov^ fierea^KepM roU ^coKevai^n 
r^ eU ro Oelop irapapofiia^, Tov9 Be AfA^ucrvopa^ 
Ktu rop tbumrop ra SirXa r&p ioDKetop kcIX r&v /u- 
cBotfxipmp KarairerpoKOirfjaa* k(u ra Xelyjrapa avr&p 
KaroKavo-tu km rov^ iinrov^ diroBdaOcu, ^AkoKovOw^ 
Se rovroi^ Biera^ap ol AfMf>iKrvope^ ra irept Tqp eirir » 
fLeKeuLP rov fiaprelov Koi roXXa iravra ra irpo^ ev- 
ae/Seuip kcu KOipfjp elprpnfp Kai ofiopouip rol^ EXXtj- 
<rtp dvriKOpra. Mera Be ravra tbuwiro^ fiep ra 
BeBojfiepa toa9 ^ Ap^iKrvoci avyKaraanqaa^ xal ircarra 
if>iKo<f>poprf0€h ejTOpfjXOep eU rrfp MaKcBoplap, ov fiopop » 



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420 DIOPOBVa SIOTJLUi. 

yepecBcu ^leyaXa wp0HaT<HrKevaaafi€P0S' *BSv€6vfjL6$ yap 



IV. BATTLE OP CHAIRONEIA. (Lib. XVI 
oa 84-^86/ R a 338.) 

'Ett apx^ovro^ 8* ^ABi^vi^iTk Xap^viov HXiifnroi i 
fiaaiKaift rov^ irXelirrov^ rSnf *£XX^m»v m ^uXltu/ 
7rpofiyfiWQ% i^ikor&fmro tcai tov9 *A0fivmiov^ moto- 
w\r)^df*€vo^ dSripiTOV eyew r^ fff€(JLOviav rrfi '£XXa« 

10 So?. Awircp a^iw fcarakafiofdSiK)^ *B}uiTeuMv iroKi», 
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fulv T0Z9 ^AOffpaioi^. *Airapaaic€imp S' onrrtov aurm 
Bia rifv avPT€0€iii6vrfv elp^vfiv ^jkin^e poBlo^ vept^- 
woiiiaaaBai rrfp vnofv* 9V€p km owereXsaOff. Kara^ 

i6\rfif>$€iaff^ yap r^ ^EXareia^ fjtcov rwe^ vuicto^ diray* 
yeKKopre^ r^ /caraKrjy^a^ rfj^ irdkeo^^, Koi Siori raj^ee^ 
^€( HXMinro^ p^ra rq^ SvvdfAe»^ €«9 t^ ^Arrucrjipi^ 
01 Se aTpaTTjyci r&v AOffvauop Bca to wapdBo^p 
rff^ 7rpa^€c»9 Kara'jrXaytPTe^ roik re adKinyicTa^ /icre- 

20 ireptTTOPTo Kiu crtjp^petp trpoa^arrop hi 0^179 t^ vwcri^. 
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vroXi9 opS^ Sm top <^fiop tjp, 6 Si Sfjpo^ iircp; SfL 
flfiepa atjpeSpap^p w to Odarpop vpo rod avyKoX&rai 
rov^ dp^opTO^t <09 ^P €00^. 'n^ S' ^Kop oi OTpa- 



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BATTLE OF CHAIB02?£IA. 421 

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fjhf Kcu <f>o/3o9 Karel')(e to Odarpov, kcu rwv Modor^v 
hqiiajiyop€Uf o^(9 erokfia qvfiffovXevaai ' wXiovata^ Si 
Tov Kfipvico^ xaXeacano^ rov^ ipovvra^ mip n^ k<hv^ 
awTfipia^t ovB€l<: vtfpiei. aififiovKo^. *Avopla^ ovv 6 
fieyoKf^ ovatyf ml icara7r\i}|€a>9, dirdfikeire to vkqOo^ 
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TrapcucdKeaa^ dappwf^ dirtffxUsfeTO Beip ir{ipa/)(pfjfia irpi^ 
cfieK avoareXXeuf eU tcl^ Srfia^ Ktu wapcucdKeip Toif9 
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aOcu^ TTpo^ yap rov? aXXot/9 avfifiaxpv^ Kcupo^ oi 
<rvpe)((ipe$ Tripmeof irpea-fieuK irepi t^ <TvpLfuvxia^ *Ep 
r)p,ep€a^ yap Sval Tvpoa-BoKifAo^ ?pf fiaaiKeis ^^€tv w 
T^ ^Arrucrpf, /ecu T179 oSonropia^ oi<rq% Bia r^ Bou^ 
Tiw: V '^apa tSxv Bouot&p avfufia^la puivfi xaTckel' 19 
irero, (fnipepov y opro^ or$ ^iKnnro^, <^IKo^ ifP Kci 
aufipdi^o^ BouoToU, TovTOv^ €p TrapoBip ireipacenu 'ira- 
paXafieip eU top mlt ^AOffpauap iroK^fiCP, Tov 8e 
SrjfAov ' TOP Xoyop diroSe^Ofi^POV, teal tov irepi t^ irpe-, 
afieloi '^p^la-fuvro^ vtto ArifMc0€POV^ ypa<f>€PTo^, 6 phf ao 
iffpM^ i^T^ei TOP SvpaTtoTaTOP ehrelp* 6 Se Aiipaa0€r 
V7j^ {nrfycovae irpoOvfu^ wpo^ Tqp 'xpeiop. Tiko^ B* 
o^eo>9 wpea-fievacBf kcu Trelara^ erropfjKdep eU w '-4^^ 
va9. *0 Be BijfAO^ t^ t&p Bouot&p <rvfi,fiaxia Bi- 
irXeurtda-a/f Trpf irpovirapj(pv<rap BvpafUP, dpeOappvfce 9B 
TCW9 eKirurtP, Evdv^ Bi kcu OTpaTrjyov^ KaTecTrfoe 
Tov^ irepl XapTfra kcu AvaucXea, kcu, iravBr^iiii fiera 
T&p ottXiop e^eTrefiyjre T01/9 crpaTUOTo^ 6*9 Trpf Bouo" 
TMU/. TStP Se pifOP dnrdprwp irpoOvfuo^ ei^ top d^&pa 
KaTOPTOifPTCDP^ oStoa fjicp KaTa <nrovBrip oBovtrofy^traPTe^ 20 
36 • 



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by Google 



422 DIODOBUS SICULUS. 

^$eop eU Xcupwveuaf rffi BourriiK' oi Se fiot^mi 
$avfjMfravT€^ rijv o^vrtira rfj^ t&p AOrpHumv nrapott^ 
ala/^, teaii avrol (nrovSij^ oifSev eKKelirovre^ a w /^y r y 
a-av ^lera r&v SttXmp, iuu icowj oTparoTreScwrajne^ 

6 xnrifievov rijv r&v itxiKefUmv . eif>oSov. ^tkvmro^ ht to 
fiev rrpSnov e^eirefiy^^v eni to teoivou t&p Boimrmp 
irpeafiei^, &p Ijp em^apeaTOTo^ IIv6f»p. Ovto^ yap 
tiafi€l3or)fi€PO^ hrl tJ tov \oyov fieowip-t, mi ovy- 
KpiOel^ irapa T0J9 BouotoT^ kotcl Trpf irepi t^ crv^ 

v^iuvxyv: ^p/ffyopiop 7rp6<; Afjp^xrdepfjp, t&p /jl€p aXkmf 
eTT/Dwrevo'e, tovtov Se €<l>dprf KardSeeaTepo^. Kcu jdff 
fjLOcrOipfi^ Se airio^ m yJ^a Tt, KaT^ipyaap^^o^ & rd? 
avyy€jpa^fi4poL<; inr airrov Xoyoi^ aefipvpercu t^ irpo^ 
TOP pTfTopa TovTOP Sfjp/rjyopla hf 0*9 Xeyet Tot eyw 

\b ^tkp T^ IIvdoDPi dpcunipofiep^ km iroXK^ p^oprv koB 
Vfi&p ov^ irrreyiipqac^ Mera Be tovO^ 6 ^ikiinro^, 
am'OTvywp ttjs t&p Boudt&p avfi/jtaj^ui^, ovSep ^ttop 
e/cpipe vpo^ ap^Tipov^ SupyiopurcurOcu • Su) tuu irpoa* 
upap^vpa^ rots o^t/OTcpotWav t&p avp,fiay(pi>p Ificep w 

20 TTjp Bou^TULP, c^cop ve^ov^ fiep ir\€Mt^ t&p Tpurpv-- 
puop, l-mrei^ Se ovk IKottov^ t&p iur)(CKlop* *Afi'' 
<f>OT€pci)p Se vpo^ Ttjp p^X'^P euTpeir&p yepopjpmp, Tok 
phf <t>poprip€urt kcu toZ? irpo9vp,l(U<; en Se tcw; ophpor 
yafflcu^ €^apXKK/oi KoOeurrriKeta'ap, r^ Se 'ttXT^et koI 

95 Tp Kara ttjp OTparrjyutp aper^ irpoei)(€P /So^riXev?. 
iTo\Xa9 yap km TrotKiXxx^ irapaTo^i^ ^opurfji^o^, Ktu 
€P TaU 'jrXciOTcu^ pMycu^ pepucrjKO)^, p^ydXrjp el^ey e/^ 
ireiplap t&p Kara iroXep^op epywp, Ilapa Se row *A0ff 
valoL^ ol p,€P aya0(OTaT-ov t&p oTpaTfjy&p erereXeimf- 

80 K€urap, *I<l>tKpdTf)^ KCU Xa^pia^, en Se Ttp^eo^, t&p 



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BATTLE OP CHAIKONEIA. 42tS 

rvj(pvTe9v iBu&r&v Kara rip/ hf r^ arpannff^iv hfdpyetav 
Koi fiovKrp/, 

*AfjM 8' VH^'pf '^^ hupafJLewv iterarrofieiwp, 6 fiep 
/9a<riX€V9 rop vtov ^AXe^opBpop, avriiratSa t^p ^Xueuw $ 
opra, SuiSffKop Se r^p opSpelop suu rifp o^vrfjra rffi 
ipepyeias S)(opra, tcareorfftrep erri 0ar€pop r&p xepd- 
rmp, vapoicaraaTTia'a^ ain^ r&p ^y€fi6pt9P rot/? d^iO' 
Xoyomarov^ • 0^09 Sc tov9 emXticrov^ ^x^p p^^ €av 
rov rijp fjyep^opUtP 67%6 rov erepov fupots, tea* to? 10 
Kara fUpo^ rafyv; ouceiw^ rovi Trapova KcupoU Bte- 
Kwrp/qfTep. 01 t* ^A0fjpcuo$ kot €0po^ r^p SuUpeaip 
T79 To^cw rrovqaap^poi toa9 p^P Botorrol?. to frepop 
pApo^ vapthfOKOP, avroi Se rov \onrov rf/p fjyepaplav 
elxpp. Fepop^epfi^ Be p-ayri^ Kaprepa^ eirl iroXup p^/w^- le 
POP, Kcu iroTCK&p irprrroproip irap ap4f>or€pot^, M'^XP^ 
pip ripos o ayoDP dp^iSo^ovpJpo^ €l}(e ra^ eK^irlSa^ 
rij^ pUtfi, Mera Si ravra roi ^A7<je^dpSpov <f>CKjor^ 
fiovfiepov r^ warpi Tqp iJSlap apSptpyaOutp epScl^a" 
aOcu, KCU ^^CKoripMS irrrepfioXriP ovk dm'oKeiiropro^, '2'J 
opLoUo<; h\ Koi itoXKAp avr^ trvpa^fOPi^opJvcDP dpSpS>p 
dyad&p, irpSrro^ ro avpexje^ rrj^ r&p iroXefiiiop rd^cD^ 
eppff^e, Kal rroXXov^ Kara^cOsMP Kareiropei roi;^ Ka0* 
eavrop rerayp,€P0v^. To S' avro kcu r&p irapaaror 
r&p avr^ iroLfiadprwp, ro avpej^e^ aei t^ To^eoKSS 
rrapepprjypvro. IIoW&p Se acopevofACPtop P€Kp&p ol 
wefii rop *A\i^pZpop rrp&roi, fiuurdfJLepoi rov? Kod* 
eauroif^ irpey^pro. Mera Se ravra koI 6 ficuriXev^ 
atrm irpoKipBvpevmp, Koi riy; pucfj^ rtfp eiri^pa^nfp 
cvB* air^ Trapa')({op&p ^Ake^dpSpip, ro p^ep rrp&ropio 



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424 DI0D0BU8 8ICULU8. 

ifwae T^ filf Tov^ avnreTafffiWov^, Sveira St kcu 

S* *A0fpfaUi>v eirtaov fikv ep tJ H^XP ^^^^'"'^ '^^ 
^iXlmp, ftKm^a¥ Se cvk iKamnK r&p hiayCkUonf, 'Ofioi" 
f AK Sc /cai r&y B^ioyrSov nroKKol fihf dpffptffrjtra^, our 
okiyoi $€ e^^prjff^ap. Mera Se rrip fui^v o t£* 
XiTTwo^ rpoTtiuop oT^ar* Mo^ rov^ vexpov^ €t% roj^np^ 
avyx^p^a^ hnvitua T0Z9 &tw; iBwn mk nnn «v8jpo- 
yadTja-svrafi Kara rijfp dfiav erif/ufce. 



V. DEATH OF PHILIP. (Lib. XVL cc. 91-94. 
B. C. 336.) 

10 'JBtt apxovro^ S* ^AOrpniai UvOoiiLpov ^bumro^ 

KM TOP 7r/309 HipfTa^ woXe/iop epoTrfa-dfiepo^, '^AttoKop 
/jb€P KM HapfiepUffpa irpoanretrreiXep ei^ rrpf Aaiap 
fiepo^ r^ Svpdfieeo^ Sov^ Koi vpoard^a^ eKevdepovp 
iSTov 'JSXXi/wSo^ woKei^, avro^ Si <nr€viwp fiera rrj^ 
tAp de&p ypwfjerj^ hrapeKecrOcu top w^KefAOP, eirfffMO' 
Trj(r€ Tf)P IlvOiap e$ KpaT7\aei rod PaaCKta^ r&p Ucp- 
c&p. 'H Be €y(pfja€P ewr^ ropSe top XPV^I^ * 

^ "Earenrtu fUp 6 ravpogj ^^^t rtkoSf timp 6 Bvvwf^'* 

20*0 fiep Qvp tiKifnro^, a-Kokiw^ €j(aPT09 rov XPV^fi^^> 
irpo^ TO iSiop arvfi^epop i^Bexjero ro Xoyiop, c»9 tov fjuw 
Telov nrpoKeyopTO^ top Tlepcffp Upelov Tpdirop rv^^ire- 
oBai' TO S' 0X17^69 oux otrra>9 €l)(€P» akXa ToivcanUp 



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PSATH 07 PHnjP. 425 

tinifkativw h traiffiyvpek km 0€&p OvaUis ti>p ttKinrww 
&<rw€p Toy ravpov earefifuvop ajxvff^MadiU. Ov fAVfv 
dXKa So^(K avfA/M»XS^ avr^ tqv9 6€ov^ irepn^ctpry: Ijv, 
m rip Aaioi vwo Moio^oyla^ laofUvryi aixjiaXMTOv. 
Ev0v9 ovv Ov^laa f^aXowpeireh hrer^Ke^ rok 0eoU$ 6 
mi jffi Ovywrpo^ KK$<mdrpa^ rrj/: ef ^OXvp/iriaZo^ 
aweriku ydfi^v^B Kci raimiv fihf ^AXe^avSp^ cw^ 
KidTt r^ ^^MTiXei Tvnt *Hir4upcrr&v, dB^X^ Be mnri ypf^ 
ai^ TTf^ *Oki;fj^$d8Q9. ^Apa Se raig r&v ffnw t^imu^, 
fiovkifnepo^ m irKiiarovi t&v ^EXKr^mv fi4Tcur)(eiv r^ lo 
nK»xi<i% oy&yd^ re fiova^Koxf^ fjte/aKtmperreU envlu 
fccu Xafjnrpa^ iarcdo'ei^ r&v ^£Xmp /ecu feWi^. Aiiirep 
€f aTrcurrj^ rij^ ^EtXXaSo^ jaterarefj^ero rev^ iBio^evov^, 
Kcu rot9 iatrrov <fukoii9 wapriyyeiXe vap^Xafifiaveiv riv 
OTTO rfj^ ^€Prf^ yvaplfjuiov w irXeurrov^. S<f>dSpa yap 10 
€<l>iXoTifi€lTO <f>tKo<l>pov€ur0ai vpo^ T0i;9 "BSXKfjpo^ kcu 
Bta ra9 SeSofieva^ avrA rr}^ Skrf^ ^e/AOpia^ rifia^ 
irpoarfKOuacu^ ofuXuus d^ifieaffai* Teko^ Se voXXSfp 
iravraypOev Trpo^ r^ ircufiffvpip avppeovroDP, kcu t&p 
dycjvtjp KCU ydpMP avpreXovfievrnp ep Alycu^ rfj^ Mcuee^ m 
Sovia/9, ov fLOPOP Korr ivSpa t&p eiri^vSiP eoreff^d' 
voo-cuf auTop y^fViFOVi ^Te^dvovif oXXa kou t&p d^ioXi^ 
y^p iroKjB^p cu irXeiov^, & a?9 ^ kcu ^ t&p *A0ffPcuci>p. 
^Apoffopevofiepov Be tov trre^c^ov tovtov Bia tov Kiy>v 
/ro9, TO TeXct/ToZoi' ehrep^ &p tw hr^ovTiWca^ $iX/7r-96 
wy T^ jScunXei KaTO^wyrj irpo^ ^AOrjpcuov^, irapaBoa-^ 
fAOP etpcu TOVTOP. Auk Be ttj^ airofiaTi^ovin)^ <f^i*V^ 
Aairep ffeuf Tii4 irpopolf Buarifuupe to Scufwviop tt^p 
eaofjkeprjip emfiovkqp evdv^ r^ ttXlinr^. *AKoXov0a>^ 
Be TOtrroK KCU frepai Tipe^ wnrep epOea^trcu eye- so 
36» 



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426 DI0D0BU8 SICULUS. 

vopTO ifwvM vpoSffKowrtu rrp^ rov ^a<riX€c»9 Karmarp^' 
ifnjv. *Ev jap 7^ fiaaikuc^ ttot^ Neomrdkefios 6 
rpayipBo^, wpmrnwv t^ fieycCKjo^vuf tuu r^ Bo^ 
irpoara^curro^ airr^ rov tiKiirwov irpoeveyicaaOM rStp 

6 €7nT€T€vyfi€tftov TTOifff/ioTWV tuu /lokiaTa r&p dtnfKOV* 
rwv 9rpo9 T^i' icara t&v Ilepa&v orpaTeuuf, o /mt 
re^iTfi^ KplvcK ohceiov {nroKq^tOtfiTeadiu to troifffM rj 
hwfiourei rov tOumroVt icai rrpf eifSiUfiopiav etnmTJf' 
feu fiovXofJL€Po^ rov Uepaw fiaa-iXen^, xaifrep cwFom 

Id fieyaXffv luu irtpifiofirov, Sirw^ furenrea-oi iroT€ w 
Tovpaprlov vtto rlfi twj^, tjp^ro Xeyetv -roie to 
nrolfi^ • 

15 ^pOlftW* VK€pfiaK\6fKP(H 

^fjmw d6ixovsy iK^fwrvvq, 

'O d* 4/i^M^Xci raxfmm/w 
K€X€v6o¥ tpyff mcarUuff 
W "A^tw d'* SxpawTos wpofrifia 

MoKpits offKupoviaMvos iXwUhs 
Qwar&p wokv/toxSog ^Afdoff," 

fceu ra rovrmv c^f^ <rvP€lp€, ircana irpo^ T^ir 6fioia9 
<l>€pofjiepa Suofouxp, *0 Se ttkvmra^ ticOei^ eiri roi9 

^ dinjyyekfievoi^: SXjo^ ^v, «mu reXelc^ ^popsvo^ r^ Btw 
voia wpo^ rrpf rov Oepa&v fiaaOUm^ xarciarpo^irfif, 
afJM hi tuu rov 7rv$o)(pf)<rrov Xprjirpov dpeXoji^ero, vof 
patrXfjcuu/ (^ovra hiavoiav ro!9 vifo rov rpa^tjf&ov p9f» 
Oeia-i, Teko^ Be rov irorov BuiKvOeirro^, k€U r&v dj^ 

80 v<ov Kara rrfif v<rrepaiav rip/ dpj(ijp Xapfiavovrcnf, to phf 
wXiiOo^ eri w/cro^ 01/0-179 awerpe)(€P eU ro Oearpow^ 



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DBATH OF FHHIP. 427 

lierfCLkonrpeiriiri KarrcurKewu^^ elSaiKa r&w BfiSexa $€m 
eiroimreve raS^ re SfifMovpyiai^ irepvrr&i^ elpyacfUva 
Kcu rp Xapm'poTriTi rov wkovrov 0av/juurr&^ xacocfUf' 
ft€pa* avp Si T0WT0i9 avrov rov tiKiwirov rpurKo^ s 
hicaroy hrofjvirtve Oemrpeirk^ elBcoXoVp avpOpovov iavrov 
dvoSeucpvvTO^ rov PcurCKiiio^ roh Hhexa Oeoh* 

Tov Se de&rpov ir\ripfo6€ino^ airw o ^iKtmros ^i 

pov^ fuucpav a^errSna^ a^ iavrov avv€ueoXov0€tp • lo 
eveSeltanrro yap iraaiv in rffpoifievo^ ry jcoiv^ rSof 
*ESXrpwv eivoitf r^ r&v Sopu^pa>p ^vXo/v^ ovk e)^i 
jQyeiav. TrfXueavTfi^ S' otJcn^ irepl aurov vnepajfrj^, 
Koi iravTWv eirmvovvrwv ifia teai /jLeucapi^ovrtav rov 
avSpa, vapaSo^^ «mu iravreKm oviKinaTo^ iifxivi^ tcara is 
rov ficunXem^ eirtfiovK^ kcu Odvaro^. "Iva he o-o^^ 
o wepl TovTwv jiinfTM Xoyo^, wpoeKBrjcofjieOa ra^ al- 
t/o? t^ hnfiovKaj^, Ilawravla^ fpf to fiev jeuo^ 
MfuceScaw he rlfi ^OpeariSo^ tedKovfieptf^, rov Se ficurir 
XcW cwfAaTwl>vXa( tuu But ro tcdXKo^ if>t\o^ jtyovm» 
rov ^iKifnrov, OSto? opZv vno rov fituriXeo)^ a^a- 
7r<ofievov frepov IlawTcafiav ofuow/wv iavrov, op€iS&- 
trriKoU vpo^ avrov e)(pri<raro Xayo«9. *0 Se rrgv etc 
T^ XoiSopia/i iPpiv ov/c eveytca^, ro fiev irapov Kare- 
inwrnitrev, *ArrdXip Be rwi r&v ^tkoiv dvoKoivwaa" 96 
fjLevo^ wept r&v p^XXovraav vparreaOa^ hcovcUo^ Km 
'jrapdBdftD^ iavrov he rov (J7V fierearffae. Mer oXl- 
yo9 yap ^fiepa^ rov tCKhnrov vpo^ Hkevplav rov 
r&v *IXKvp$&v fiaaOUa Bui^<»v$^OfAevov, irpo rov fiaair 
X€a>9 0Ta9 anrdaa^ to? ^poiieva^ eir avrov wkriyai so 



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49B 



Tip iii^ wnpmn w /Mnfr3UgB. 

X«^«p in Itiiijiwi fir Jlmmrmmnw, mm wokim y ^- 
%ff9i9mfi oMpmrm wafm rn rnm mmott tv ir ny ifl T«i9 if 
KOfkmn mt vppm Mm wmpmrnm^m U oc oManjifaf^ mt 
^ ItHffU tDM Tf ToS tf p pfi Sfipt^ wwpimXrp i t y»- 
wi/i a ^, Tw ^ArroKtv <uii yntjfifirip cv» tw fiemkm^ 

nyr «f ro wofm rnmmt XP^*^"^ ^*^ cpawiMrm §umo^ 

4rfft jtmum im-o tou fimmXem^ KXttm-ofrpm^ ai tk ^ 
SoC. in Si ^ «poair«rraX^M^ iv^ifi^ m ^ 

^*Affia9 arp a /rtfp % wfOMr)(Upii9piiin^ or {€ nvi v^ 
\AiUMoyi offmauf ca^pAa^ Atiwep i fim^ikmf^ w/mi£- 
MM fiovXifiutnt ToS TIavaavlou r^ er« rf» irafo <]r#- 
j€tnifumfw tutaitm of^f^» i^pw a(*oXiyov^ me^mftef 
avTf^ §uu tctmL r^ awfiOfro^XaKiar wpoSjyof oytor 

wirrlfiuf, *0 Si Ilawraplaff a§ura0eu» ^vkirrmp r^ 
offffpff iavm^ /m; fLOPOP wapa rod irpi^atfTo^ Xa0&9 
riftmpiav, aXXa luu vapa rov /My r^fimpoSmn ain^ 
SvpeireXafiero 5e ravTff^ r^ wpqaip4a€€t9 ^uiXurra 6 
iro^urrijfi ^Epfuucparrf^. Tou yap navaa^lov cxoKa^ 

» ^VTO^ avT^, /uu Kara rr/p Butrpififfp wvOofUpov vit^ 
Sv rt/9 yipovTO ewi^MMPetrraro^, o ao^doriji^ anKKpiOfi, 
€1 TOP ra /Ujurra vpa^avra apeXAW r^ jap irepi 
rovTou iMfTifi/ff avfJvn'epiKff^i^<r0m teai top t^ omiA 
fMorof avTov TTonfa-afAOHtp. ^Ap^vfKOf & ir/909 9^ 

Miiiiap opytiP top Xoyop, tuu &a r^y Ovpip nvSefUok 



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DEATH OF PHILIP. 429 

T^ yviii/rfi virepOeaiv iroujaafievo^p €P airoh roU 

ran Tpov^, Imrov^ irapa<rTff<rafi€po^ rcu^ irvXcu^ 
vaf>fj^€ vpo<: TCL^ €U TO Bearpov €t<roSov9 e)((Dv k€' 
icpvfifianfv KeKri/crpf fia^cupav, Tov he ^Ouwirov 6 
Tov^ irapcucoXovOoS/ma^ ifytkov^ tceXewravro^ irpoeureKr 
6w €i9 TO Oearpov, tuu r&v hopw^opcDv hteiTTfartov, 
op&p TOV fiaaiKia fi€fiovoifAevov, wpociBpafbe, tcai Sta 
tAp ifKevpSnf iuanalav evey/ca^ irXffppf rov fiev /8»- 
adkia v&cpov e^ere^vev, airro^ B* eni to? wvXa^ 'uu lo 
TOV9 ^oifuuTfji^evov^ irpo^ rrpf ifwyiitf eOe^ iW7rot;9. Eih 
0v^ Si T&v iTcofiaTO^vkaKfav oi fJL€v irpo^ to ir&fia 
TOV fiaa-ikea^ mpp/rjo^av, ol S* eni row tov <r<f>ay€Oi>^ 
Sic^yfjbov i^e-yvdviacof, €V oh xnrflpyov Aedvparo^ xtu 
HephiKKWi K€U AttoKo^* 'O Be Ilavcapia^ irpo\afia>v 15 
Ttfi Saifeo)^ €<l)0cuT€v &v eni tov hmav avmrrfBrjaai, tl 
fj^ Ttfi vTToSeaeco^ irepl ofi/ireXov Tiva weptirkaKeia-tf^ 
eireaev. Oi Be irepl tov IlepBuacav teaToKafiovTe^ avtov 
€M T^ yfj^ ovuTTafAevov icai avytcevTr^avre^ dvelKov, 



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•A PP I A N O S. 



I DESTRUCTION OP THEBES. (Lib. L 
cc.7-9. B. C.336.) 

*Ep TOVTfp Se t£v <l>vyahci>v Tive^ r&v he &rj/3&9 
^evyovTcou irapeXOovrc^ wKTfOp €9 ra^ Bijfici^, etra/yo" 
fj^pcDV TW&v avTOv^ eiri peorrepurfA^ €k rfj9 iraKeoD^, 
*AfivvTctv fiiv /coi TifioKaov r&v rrjv KaSfieuw cp^oV 
6 Twv ovSev inoToirriacanfVi iroXe/uov efci> rtj^ KaZfieuL^ 
air€/CT€ivav fuXXa/SoWcy • €9 Se rrjp efexkrfalav irapeX- 
Odvre^ lirfjpav tov? Qrifiatov^ dwoarfjviu diri *A\e' 
^avSpov, ekevOepiav re irpoUrxpfievoi, waXcua xai xaXa 
ovofiarti, tcai t^ fiapvTqro^ r&v MokcSowop ^Si; wore 

10 oTraWayfjptu * Tn^avaarepoi Be e^ to wXrjOo^ ef^cUiwvro, 
reOtnjKevcu ^AKg^avhpov iaj(ypi^ofi€POi ev *lKKvpun^* 
fcai yap tuu iroXv^ 6 Xoyo^ ovros xcu irapa ttoXXAf 
e^olra, Sri, re j(povov drrfjv ovfc oXlyov kcu on ov- 
BcfMia ayyeXta irap aurov atplxro' &<rre, Sirep if>iXel 

15 €V ToU roiourSe, ov yivtmaicovre^ ra ovra ra fiaXurra 
KoO TjSovTiv aif>unv elxa^ov. IlvOofuvfp he ^AXe^avSp^ 
ra r&v Brj/Sauov ovBafiik eBoxei afieXrjrea elva^ rrjv 
re r&v *A0rjvaJa)v rroXtv Bi inro^la^ etc woXXov e^ovri. 



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DESTRUCTION OF THEBES. 431 

teat T&p &fffiauov ro rok/JvrffAa ov ^vKop iroiovfAev^, 
el AcuceBaifioviol re irdKeu TjSrj tiw jifwfuu^ a^o-n;* 
scares, teal ru/e^ km oXXoi rSw ev IleXoTroinnia^, xai 
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repuTfiov TOW Qfificuoi/^. "Aymv S^ irapa TTfp *Eop' 6 
B€uav re tcai irjv *Eku/ii&Taf tcai irapa ra rff; Srvft^ 
^alof; icai Ilapvaia^ cuepa, efiSofJuuoq a^ucvelrcu €9 UeX- 
yjvfw Ttfi BerrcPuiK. Evdev he opfjuijdels &cTr/ ^fiepa 
eafidKke$ e? r^ Bomriav, oHrre ov irpoaOev ol 617- 
fiaio^ efjLoOov eJitrco IlvXSnf vapeXTJkvOora avrov, irpw 10 
ep *Oyxn<^V y^^cV^cM fw tJ orpar^ irday. Kai 
Tore Sc oi vpd^curre^ rrgv cmdoTCuruf crparevfia he 
MoKebovla^ ^Avrvtrarpip cul>lj(0(u eifxiaicoPp avrov Be 
*A\e^(ivSpov reOpca/cu lajfypl^ovro, K(U roU drn'o/fyeK- 
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7rQ)9 €lj(pv • aSXov jap rwa ryce^p ^Alu^avSpov rov 
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TO ^ov ^loXciov Tefievo^. Ov B^ kcu eirrpaTOveBeva-ep, 
ipBtSov^ er* roU Bfffiaiot^ rptftiqp, ei fieraypopre^ eni^ 
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Oi Be TocovTov eBer)<rap €pBo<rtfiop t* irapa/r)(eiv 69 
^vjM^aatp, anrre exOeopre^ ex rq^ iroKe<o^ o* re i7nr€i9 
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^/cpofioXl^opro 69 Ta9 irpo^vTsMca^^ tcai npa^ tuu aTre-as 
tcre^vap ov iroXKoin; r&p MatceBopmp, Kai ^Ake^oP" 
9/x>9 €/c7refiire$ r&p ^^iK&p tccu ro^or&p ohttc avr&p 
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areCKap fjBrf r^ irrparoireBfp avr^ irpo<r^epop,epov^, T^ 
Be vfrreoauf dpaXaficop rifp arparuip iraaav teal vep^- 30 



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by Google 



432 AKBIAIK)!; 

eKBitp teara rof irvXa^ raf ^epoi^-a^ hr *SX9u09pi9 
re tuu T^ ^ATTuerflf, ci& rirt irpofrifiil^ rot% rd* 
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T7? KaifjLela^, &cr€ iyyifft 4jmm w^^Kamf rAv Mm»« 

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T^ KaifAeuof BturX^ x^poM i^povpovp amoirw)(yfain^^ 
w i^frfte i^64p Tiva ro!? ^//earei^fAfjispQt^ ivpeur^mi 
evwj^iKup, fjerjre avTovt iicOtovra^ ^fkamrtw r« <r^09/ 
o^Jt€ Toifi £^ troK^ikioi^ irpofT^ipowro. *A\i^atfSpof 

ioBe (m yap roHf Bfifialoi^ &a ^CKUu9 iXJ0tiv /miX- 
Xdp n fj Sia tuvivpov IjOeXe) iUrpifit irpo^ r^ JCoS- 
fielif /eaT€<rrpa^(nr^€v/em' "EvOa ^ rw Offfialmu 6$ 
ftep ra fieKrurra h to kowop yijPii<rie9PT€9 ifcX^Mr 
&pp/ripro trap *AX^cufSpap, mu evp9c6ai avyyp^putpf rfp 

i^itkrfie^ T&p QfiPaUiP rij/i enroaraa-et^ • ol ^tiyoSf? 
Se KoL Saoi rov^ ^vyaboi etrute/c^offupoi tjaop, •v* 
3ei^09 <t>iXav0pw7rov rvyelp &p wop ^AXe^dvBpov a(tr 
ovpre:, aXXa>9 re tuu fioMnapxovpre^ i<mp A avrmp 
Tra^rrdirao'ip ivfjyop ro vKfjOa^ i^ top trok^funf ^AhJ^ 

^^vSpo^ fit ov^ &9 rp voKei vpoa-efiakep, 

*AXka Xeyei IlroXefuuo^ 6 Adyov Sri IlepBiKMttif 
irporerajfiipo^ rfj^ ^Xeudy: rod trrparoTriBov aim 79 
ainov rd^i, KOti rov ')(apa9eo^ t&p woXifJump ov voki 
Juf^etmjKd^, ov vpocp^lva^ ira^ ^AXe^pBpov ro h r^ 

«/^X^ fw/ft;/Aa avro^ vprnro^ irpocifn^ t^J jfapatcf 
KM Buunrcura^ avrop hefioKep €9 r&p Q^fiaUop r^ 
<f>po<l>v'KaKrjv. Toinp Be hrofMepo^ ^Afivpra^ 6 ^ApSpo/ii^ 
pov^, Sti tuu ^vprerayfMepo^ r^ IlepBl/c/ca fjv, €7rrjyaj9 
seal avTO^ rrjp ainov ra^ip, (09 eJSe top HepBiKKiW 

ao wpo€\r)\v0ara elato rov yapatco^. Talvra %k iBmp ^A\e-^ 



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DESTRUCTION OF THEBES. 488 

fay8p09» c»9 piq fiovoi d7ro\et(^€VT€^ wpo^ r&v Bff" 

ffaltap mvSup€utr€iap, einjye rrjp aXKrjv crrparuiv, Kai 

rov9 fL€P TofoTo? fCM TW/9 ^Ajptapo/^ extpafjiuv eatj' 

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ft^ Tov Sevrepov '^apCLKO^ ^tcm irctpekdelv fiia^ofieve^, 

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iyw hri TO arparcweSop' /ecu jfl^Xeirik ibetrmOri airo 

TOV rpavpuiT^, Totf^ (tivroi Bfi/Sdun^ et r^v te&ikrjv 

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eunreo'oifTe^ Ofwv roh nrctp ^AKe^aif^pfp to^tcu^ <n/P€' 

tcXeurav. Kci eare fuv hri ro ^HpdxXeunf dpaixo>'' 

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fftdjrrwv oZOk ow fio^ r&v Ori^Uav ^v^ r&v MokC' 

hoiHov jiypercu * km Evpvfidora^ re 6 Kpr)^ irvwrei is 

i ro^apyrf^f kcu avr&v rSw ro^or&v es ifiSofiTjKOvra • 

oi Se Xonrdi Kore^vyop 7rpo9 to ayrffia ro r&v Mcuce- 

hovmv KM T0U9 xnrcunriara^ rots /ScurOuKOv^. Kav 

rcvrfp *AXefavSpo^ rov^ fiev airov ^evyovra^ KariSdv, 

rotf^ Bfjfiaiov^ Se XtikvKora^ 4v rp Siw^i rfjv TO^ii/, 20 

efA^aXXei e? auroif^ awrera/yfievrf tJ <l>d\ayyc. Oi 

Se iOovci T0U9 QvfiPalov^ eifrto r&v wX&v km ro2^ 

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Sia r&v wvX&v mOovpsvoi e? rrfv iroKtv ovk €<f>0ffa-av 

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^>€t;jovrtov ei'Xpvro, are /ecu r&v rev)(&v Sta Ta9 rrpo* 

<f>vkaKa^ ra^ ttoWo? eprjfjuov ovrwv. Km irape>Jd6vre^ 

619 rifv KaZfi€i€tv 01 fiev exeWev Kara ro ApAf>elov 

<Tvv Tot9 Kare'XpviTi Trjfv KaSfieiav e^/Saivov e? t^ ao 
37 



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by Google 



434 ABBIANOS. 

oKkfiP mki», oi Si Kara ra relj(ri e^pfjiepa 7S17 T/BP9 

ayopav Bpofup €il>epovTO, KaX oXJyov fUv rwa 'Xjpovov 
€fjL€iv<w ol rerayfi€POi r&v Qififiamv Kara ro ^Afufmop* 

6 ^ Si ircana/)(p0€v a^noi^ oi Mcuceiove^ km *AXe^apBpof 
aXXoTC oXXj; eiruf>aivofi€Pos irpociMivrOt ol fieu Imrus 
r&v Orffiaio^v SieKireaopre^ iuk rfj^ woKec9^ €9 to ir^Buof 
i^ein/nTov, ol Bi veljoli m ifcaaro^^ irpov)(wp€i^ ecro)- 
I^OPTO. "EpOa S^ opy^ ovx ovrw^ ri ol MaxeBope^, 

lOccXXa tmxeis re tuu IlKaTaUi^ /ecu ol aXXoi Se Bou^ 
rol oiSi dfjLwofiiyov^ en rovi Bfjfialow ovBevl icoajjL^ 
€KT€ivov, rov9 f^ [oXXovv] ei' nw oucuu^ hreunri" 
irrovre^, ot^ Be kcu e? oKk^v rerpctfifiofov^, rois Se 
/cai irplo^ lepoU ucereuovra^, ovre ywauc&p ovre vaiBc^p 

15 <l>€lBofJLePOi. 

Km irddo^ TOVTO *ESXKrivuc6p fieydOe^ re r^ oXotM 

ai)^ 7raX6(09 fC€u o^vnjn rov Spyov, ov% ijmora Be 

T^ vapoKoyip 69 re rov^ iroBovra^ tuu T01/9 Bpd-- 

(Toanwi^ ou ftetov t& rov9 aXXou? "BlXXffvai ^ k€u 

^ to avT0V9 TOW fA€Ta<rj(pPTa^ rov epyov e^eirkq^. 



IL BATTLE OF I8S08. (Lib. IL ca 10, 11. 
R C. 333.) 

Oirrto Brj rercpyfievov^ ypovov fiiv rwa wpofjyev dsKtr 
iravwv, &<TT€ KCU iraw eSo^ irypKaia j€ve<r0(u aur^ 
37 7r/>ooSo9. Tov^ jap fiap/Sdpov^, aira>9 to. wpHru^ 
eriixOffaop, ovKer^ avreirfjye Aapeio^^ a)OC hii rov 



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BATTLB OF IS80S. 435 

voTOfAOP nut Sx6cui^ TToXXo^ f^ cvirotcfnifjufoit ovaeut, 
ion ie firov Koi yapcuca wapareivat aircut, Ufa €v€<f>0' 
Bfirepa effxuvero, oirr<»9 e/ievep. Kal ravry evdv^ S^Xo9 
eyepero rok ay^ *AX^av8pov rp yviii/rf SeSovKcofUvo^. 
'/29 8e ofiov ^Si; ^ ra arparoireBa, arrauda vapiir- f 
ireviov wdprtf ^AXe^opSpot irapexaKei cofSpcK dyaOov^ 
ylyp€a0a$, av t&p rjyefiovmp fiovov ra opo/iara ^v r^ 
TTpmovri teoa-fi^ avatcoK&v, aK\a tuu Ikapxa^ fcai X^o* 
jov^ ovofjuurri, teat t&p ^eiwv r&v fuaOo^ponf &roi 
Korf a^Mxrtv tj ram dperipf jiwpifAm'epoi ^av * seai lo 
auT^ wamaxoOep fiorf eyevero ^ hiarpifieof, oKKa 
iafiaXXeiv e? tov? voXefiiov^, *0 Si f/yev ev ra^i 
irt ra pip wp&ra icaiirep hf miirr^ ffiifi e^iuv rrpf 
Aap^tov hwaiuv fiaSrjv, rod fiij Suunrao'fffjvai ri ep 
tJ ^wrovmrep^ vop^uf KVfifj[vaif t^ ^dXayyo^, */29 >* 
8e hrra^ fiekov^ eyiyvovro, irpSnoi tri ol tear ^Akir 
(avSpov tuu avrot AX^avSpo^ eni rov Se^iov re- 
rajfUpo^ hpopup e9 rop worapijv epefiaXKop, w r^ 
rt o(vrrjr$ rfj^ iif>dSov itarkfj^ai rov^ Il4paa/i tuu 
rov Baaa-op e? x^P^ eKffopra^ oklya tt/jo? r&p to|6-J» 
r&p /SXawreaBcu. Kai ^vpifivi ftr«9 et/caaep *i4X€- 
(itvSpo^. EvOif^ yap «9 h X^/jd-li/ ^ p^X'i ^y^'*''^* 
rperroprM rov Oepaueov arparevfuiro^ ol r^ apurrep^ 
ic€p<f iinrera/yfAepo^ • km ravrrf /acp epuca XapmpS^ 
*A\e^apSpd^ re tuu oi dfuf> avrop* oi Be "EWrpfe^^a 
ol lucBo^poi oi avp Aapeltp^ jf 8t€<r)(e r&p Maxe- 
hoptsv ri ^oKa^^ it hri to Se^top Kepctt irapappa^ 
y€ura, (^Sri *A\€^€UfBpot pip <nrov&^ It rop worapip 
ipkfiaKoiP icai Ip X^/Mri r^ f^XV^ woiria'at €^0€$ 
jjfSff rovt ravrji reraypJpovt r&p nepc&p* oi Bi Karavi 



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by Google 



436 ARBIANO& 

liMa¥ rmf Mam^vm^ otrrt t^ Sen; <nto^ jf i^ a^ i v 
rtn/ ifyyoVf tcai iroXkaj(fi KpfffivmSmr^ rah S)(9m^ h^ 
rvyxovopre^ to fUrwirov r^ ifuikayjo^ ov Swarti eye^ 
povTO iy T^ air^ ra^ Staoiia'aiada^'^ ravr^ epfioK^ 

BXavaty ol "EXkqve^ rcSt MatuBoaw, p fAoKurra 3f#- 
fntao-fiepffv avTci^ r^ ^akar/ja tcartiSov. Kiu ro 
€pyov ivToAOa Koprepop tjjif, rSm piv €v lip mrrofwp 
dirtoaaaOmi rov^ Meuce^va^ mtU' r^ piKfjiP tok i^ 
<f)€vyova$ iT^mp opaawraodai, rip MwceSopwp Se t^ 

10 t6 *AKe(apSpov ^S^ ^anpofUpij^ evfrpayuv: ft^ Xci^At- 
voh ical r^ Bo^op r^ ifxiKayyo^ m afAaj(ov iff cv 
TQ roTC hkofiefioiipi^hnfi ftij a^MPunu^ Kai n /toi 
Tok yepeat r^ re *EhXffPut^ tuu r^ Mtuc^oput^ ^iXrr^^ 
fua^ €P€7r€<r€p €9 aXKiqkov^. Km hrravOa wiirru JTtxh 

15 X6/UM09 r€ o ?€\eu«ov oi^p aymffo^ jepofM^po^, xei 
oKKo^ £9 e^tcotn fLoKtara tui itcarop rifp aim i}/ie- 
\ff^P<»P MoK^opmp* 

*Ep rovT^ Se ai care rov Seftov k^xo^ to^ck rerpofi^ 
pMPOv^ ^Sf; T0V9 iKora <r^a9 rc^ tlepcSfp ipApre^, hn 

2^ T0V9 ^epov^ T€ T0t;9 fuaOoffxipov^ tdu9 Aapelov xai 
TO iropovp/ofop tnfwp Imjcap^apre^, airo tov iroraptov 
diraHTiuno aurov^' km Kara to irapeppmyo^ too Hep^ 
aucov crparev/MiTO^ iirepifrtikayyrjaxttfTe^ €9 ra TrXoyui 
efi/SefiXflfKore^ ijSrf ckoktop tov^ ^epov^. Kai oi prr- 

isweU Be ol r&p Hepa&p teara tow ©€tt«Xou9 Tcra- 
yfji,epoi ovK €p£ipap evro^ rov nrorap^v ep ovr^ r^ 
epytp, oXX' hnZuipaPTe^ evpwrtto^ hefiaXXop eU rot 
?Xa9 T&p Berrcik&p. Km ravrrf ^vpetrrrf vnnrojjLaf)(ia 
Kaprepa* ovSe irpoaOep epeKkiPOP ol IlepcM^ irplp 

ViAapelop re Tr^evyora yaOopro km wplp amppa/ftpmn 



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BATTLE or ISSOS. 437 

^^im r9V9 iMr69^ipov% cvyianrtifTm^ ma r^ ffxiXtt^ 
yot* rare Si rjStf Xci/ji^pd re ko* etc iraarrmv 17 ^vy^ 
eylytrnv. Km ot re rw Ilepa-w tmroh hf r^ ava- 

T«f <r^KW ^epovre^f /ecu avrol oi imrw tcara irrepa^ « 

oSov9 9r\9^e» T€ woXKjA km vef^oftfjfMfto^ avp dra^i^ 

dfrox^poShrreff ai fuSou inr aKkriK»v KorafwarovfAeifOi 

^ irpo9 T^ &ci{ciK Tcoy iro7\4spUvv ifiKaarrovro, ^ 

oi Berm^l tipiart^ airok hrwrnvro^ &^r€ ov fuiov 

^ i»^ TTffw ^opor » tJ ^*^ 'T&f MTircaiv €jiyp€70. 10 

^apeio^ 0€ (tff airrft» tq irpmrev vir Akefapopov eqxh' 

fii^ TO ie^M»9 TO evdmffjbov letu rauTg cmoppfriyyviAevov 

xar^Se rot) a^Xov crparovMSov, ei0vi i^ etx^v eiri 

TOP SipfuvTO^ <rw ToU irpiroi^ Sfftevye tcai Sore piv 

opdKoU xiopm^ iv r^ ^^^0^ eruy^ai^ej^, eni rov ippMr is 

T09 Si£ircD^(8ro. *i29 he ^>dparf^l re tetu aXXou^ Zvirxm^ 

puu/i epexupae, ro p,ev apfjba dnroXeiTret (wrov km r^ 

dairiB($^ Koi rop kopSuv ixSv^* 6 Se Kci ro rd^ov 

dfiroXelvei hn rov ipparo^, aurot Se tmrov' hrifid^ 

e^>evye, Kai 17 w( ou Sia fuucpov hnyeuofAepfj d(^i'W 

XtTQ auToy TO irpo^ *A\e^avBpov dK&vai. ^AXe^tJUfSpo^ 

yap eare pxp 9009 rpf^ oaf a Kparo^ eoUoKev* a^ oe 

ovpeaKora^e re IjSff Kot ra wpo voSSat d/^xnnj f)w, €9 

TO ep/irakAV erpdvero m ewl ro orpardireBov • ro pJvroL 

apfui ro Aapelov eXxifie km ttiv dairlBa eir avr^2S 

KM rov Kdifhvp KM ro rd^ov. Km yap km ^ hlm^i^ 

fipoBvrepa avr^ eyeydvei, ori ev tJ wpwry irapap* 

p^^ei rrj^ if}dKayyoq ew^arpeypxi^ km avro^ ov irpdaOcv 

€9 TO BcwKeiv erpdnrero, irpiv rov^ re p^urdo^pov^ tow 

{€^01/9 KM ro r&p Ilepa&v linnKov otto rov woto- ao 
37 • 



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488 ABBIAKOS. 

pip *ApadfMfi^ mi *P€o/u0pii9 fcai 'ilri^^ r&» ewl 
Tpavuc^ ^yflcofAeimp rod hnrucov. ^Amdinja-tcei 5e 
Kcu Saficucfj^ o Alyvirrov a-arpamf^ 9uu Bovfidxi^ t&p 

^ hnijJMV Htpam* 1% he oXXo irXSfio^ ei^ hvca fiakurra 
fivpuiSa/9, KM iv roin-oi9 Imret^ {nrkp rov^ fivplav9 
ware Xey€i nTo\€fJuua^ o Aayov, ^vpeiriairofuvoi tot€ 
^ AXe^dpSpif, Tov^ fiera ir^Sw iuixovTiK AaptSov m^ 
eni il>apayyl rofi ep r^ Buo^i iywopro, hrl rw pexpm 

10 SiafirjvM TffP ^>dpayya. To re <rrp<vrirreSop to Aapeiov 
euuv^ €f etpooov eoKn iC€u 17 p^rfTffp km ^ fnn)t avni 
Be KM 17 aSek^ Aapelov km vto^ Aapeiav prprto^. 
Em dtfjarepe^ Bvo ioKoHrop km oXKm dfA^ aurin 
ItepcrAv r&P ofiorifrnp yvpaixe^ ov ttoXXo/* o* yap 

isoXXoi UipoM Ta9 yvpctUa^ a'<l>&p {ui/ rp aXKjf Komr 
a-Kcv^ €9 AapLoaiebp hvjfpp eirraKKore^* iirel km Aa* 
peu)^ r&P re j(pfifidrmp ra TroXXa km Zca aSXa /ac* 
jaK^ fiacriKel €9 voXmeXSj Buurap km arparevofia^ 
Sfju^ ovpeirerM, vevop^i 69 AofuurKOP, &are ep rf 

» arparevftari ov irXeiopa ^ rpurj^ikut roKavra eaKv. 
*AXKa KM ra ep AafuurK^ ^(prffiara oktyop iarepop 
eoKM imo Hapfievltopo^ err airo rovro arakano^. 
TovTo TO reko^ r^ p^XO ^^ eyepero, eni ap^opro^ 
*A9ffpaloi^ NiKOOTparov, /M71/09 MMfuumfpi&po^. 



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DEATH 01* ALEXAimEB. 439 



IIL DEATH OF ALEXANDER, (Lib. VU. 
cc. 24-26. B. C.323.) 

*A\Ka yap ain^ ijSff *AXe^dvSp<p eyyv? ^v to reKo^. 
Kal Ti Mu TOiovB^ irpo r&v fieXKopra>v tnf^rjvoi Xeyci 
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T^j/ fw Il€VK€<rT<f T€ €K HepfT&v Koi aiTo BiiKcurafj^ 
^vv ^CKo^eif^ Kcu MevavBpf rjicowrav e9 ra^ MaKC" 6 
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KaTCkKnrdvra eprfpcv rov Bpovov rov ficuriKeiov. Etpoi 
Si K\lva^ ifeareptoOep rov Bpovov apyvpoiroia^, hf) &v 
oi ap,^ avrov ircupoi €Ka0f)vro. T&v riva ow ^pe- 
Xrjp^viov apOpayirmv (oi Be /ecu t&p ev ^vyjucrf ctBeap^ lo 
ovra \eyovccv) eptfpcv iSovra rov Bpovov km ra^ xXlva^, 
irepi ry 6p6v<p Sk iarrjKOTas tov9 €vvovj(pv^ (^Koi jap 
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Ik rov Opovov Kara Sri rtva v6pov HepiriKov, irepipptj' 
^ap,€vov^ Bi rv7rre<r0(u ra re trrrfivi km ra '/rpoamwa 
0)9 hrl p^dXtp KOK^. Tavra »9 i^fiyyeKOtf *i4Xe- 
^dvBptp, KeXevcM arpefiktoOrjvM rov KoOlo-avra, prprore 
cf eTnfiovXf}^ ^vvrerayfievov rovro eSpaae yv&VM ^6-ao 
Xoin-a* rov Bi oifBiv aSXo e^tirelv, Sn pJfi eiri vovv 
ol ekffov ovrw irpa^M* jf Bfi kqI p3XKov err ovBevl 
dyaO^ ^p^rjvM avr^ ol p^dvrei^ e^tijovvro. *Hp^pa4 
re ov woWm eni rovrtp eyevovro, Koi redvKtos T0Z9 
deol^ rd^ re vop^^opeva/i Ovalas eni ^p^opah a^or^ 
6ah Kal rtj/a9 Koi he p^vreia^, evioj(elro Sp>a roi^ 



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by Google 



440 ABBIANOS. 

^tXjOK /ecu eira^ iroppvt r&v wktSw. Aouvat he Xeye- 
rtu /coi ry (TTpaTif Upeia kcu oXvov Kara \iypv^ 
Kcu ifcarooTVOi. ^Avo Se rod irorov avrov fjiev diraXr 
XdrreaOcu iOeKetp eiri icovrSivi elaiv A dveypay^xof' 
s Miioiov 0€ axn^ anvjfpvra rwv eraipwv ev r^ rore 
rov iriOcu^drarov SetjOfjpai taofuurai irapa ot* jeveaOa^ 
jap &p ffiw rov K&iiov* 

Em al fiaalkeioi etfnffLepihe^ &Se e^ava-^' irlveuf 
wapa MrjSltp avrov /cwfuuravra ' erreira i^avaaravra 

10 Kcu Xovadftevov KoBeChetv re Koi avOt^ Seiirvelv irapa 
Mffilfp K(u aZOi^ irlvetv iroppm r&v wkt&v. '^ttoAt 
\a')(&evra he rov irovov Xovo'aa'Oai • kcu Xovaafjtevov 
oXiyov T* €p>fpa/few kcu KcUfevoeiv avrov, on rprf env^ 
peaaev €KKop,ia-0evra Se eirl KXivry: irpo^ ra Upa 

15 dvacu w vofio^ €<l> eKcurrp ^^pa * kcu ra Upa eiri" 
Oevra KarcucelaOcu ev r^ dvhpS>vt eare hri KV€<l>a^' 
€v rovrtp Be roh riyefio<n wctpayyeXXeiv inrep rijfi 
iropela^ kcu rov rrkov, rov^ phf m veQ iovra^ irapar 
(TKeva^eaOcu e^ reraprrfv ^fJkepav, rov^ Se afia ot irXe- 

20 ovra^ w eU ire/jmnjv irXevaofjuevov^ • eKcWev he Kara- 
KOfuadrjvai eirl kXIvi]^ <»9 eirv rov irorap^ov • kcu 
TrXoiov cTTifiavra hunrXevacu iripav rov irorapLOv hi 
rov TrapaZeurov, Kcucel av&t^ Xovadfievov avairaveaOcu. 
£9 he rifv varepcuav Xova-curOcU re aZ0i^ kcu Bvacu 

8a ra vofiifyfieva * kcu eU rrfv Ka^^apcof elaeTi^ovra Kara' 
KeurOcu huifivOoXoyovvra tt/jo? Mrjhuiv' wctpayyetKai 
he Acol roU ^yefioatv diravrrj<rcu eaoOev, Tavra irpa- 
(avra heiinnjccu oXlyov* KOfuaOevra he avOi^ €9 rrfv 
KapApav wpea-ceiv ^rj ^we^ik rrfv vvKra SXrjv* r^ 

90 he varepaUf XovactaOcu kcu Xovaafievov Bwrau Ne- 



Digitized 



by Google 



DEATH OF ALEXANDEB. 441 

apxv ^^ ^ 'ro!9 aXKot^ ^efji^i irapayyetKcu ra 
dfjL^ ix>v wKovv J7ro99 eoTOi h rplrrfv r^iiipcof* r^ 
Se wrrepaia T^jowctadcu aZ0i^ icai Bvaa^ ra rera- 
jfieva* /Ciu ra Upa hrideina oixen i\iwv€iv irvpea* 
(FovTti, aXKa mu ^ rots tfyefioviK elaKaXeaavra wapafy 6 
yeXXeuf ra wpo^ rov S/cirXow Stto}^ airr^ earcu SroifiOf 
\ov<y€urdal t« enr\ r^ iairip^f^ leai Xova-ap^vov €)(eiP 
^^ Mucw^ T^ Se wrr€paif fA€TaK0fua6fjvat e? rrpf 
QucUa^ jrpf irpo^ r^ KoKvfJkfirfip(f mu 0w(u piy ra 
rerayfjkeua, Sxopra Be vovript^ SfAW^ iaieaKtaai r&v \o 
fiyefiovfov TCW9 hnKO^porarov^ tuu virep rov irXov avdi^ 
irapayyeWew. T^ S eTnova^ fulyi^ hcfcopM'Orpfw irpo^ 
ra lepa leai Oxhtcu kcu p/rjSiv fj^lop Sri vapayyeXXeiv 
inrip rov irXov roU riyepAciv* *E^ Si r^v varepalav 
icax&^ ijSff expvra o/JLm^ ffvatu ra rerajfieva. ITo- 10 
payjeiXxu Be tow piu irrparrjyov^ Butfrpi^eiv Kara 
rffv av\i]v, j^tXiap^oi Be kcu ir€vrcuco9iApj(as irpo r&p 
6vpS)v* rjBfj Be iravrairaai irovrjpa)^ e)(ovra Buucofu- 
aOfp^ai he rov wapaBeio'ov eU ra ^aaikeia, EhreX' 
Oovrtov Be r&v riyepovwv yv&vac fiev axrrov^, ^vrjcrcu ao 
Be firjIBev en, aXX* etvcu avavBov* kcu rip/ vv/cra ttv- 
peaceiv /caxA^ lecu rrpf rjfiepav kcu rrp/ SiXKriv vvicra 
' xal rifu ^p^pav ovrc^^ kv rcu^ €^pepl<ri rw fiar 
ciXeloi^ avayeypa'jrrai. 

Kal eni rovroi^ or$ ol arpari&rcu erroOr^av iBelv 25 
avrov oi fiep, w ^&vra iBoiev, ol Be, Sn reOvtf- 
K€V(U fjBff e^rjyyeWero, hrucpvTrretrOa^ Be avrov ero- 
wa^ov irpo^ r&p <r(ap>aroif>v'\aKWP rop 0aparop, m eytiaye 
BoK&, T0U9 7roXXoi;9 Be vtto wepOov^ kcu irodov rov 
fiaatKeo^ fiuuraaffcu tBelp AXe^oifBpop. Top Be a/^xo^ ao 



Digitized 



by Google 



442 ABBIANOS. 

vov fi€V elviu Xeyovci wapawopevofiivr/n rq^ arparia^, 
ie^iowrdoi Se xai m itccurrov^, rrfp re Ke^Xijiv eiral' 
povra fiiyi^ luu roiv o<f>0aXfiolp hnfffipMlvovrcu Ae* 
yovai Si ai iifnjfieplSe^ ai fiaa-iKetoi ev r^ rov Sepor 

BwtSo^ Up^ Heldwva re iyKOip/tfOevra «mu "AttoKow 
Kol AfffAOit>&irra iuu IleviceaTap, vpa^ Se KXeofActnpf 
re tciu MeiflZav Kti S€\ewe6v hrepwrav rov 0eoi% u 
Xpov K€U apsivop *AXe(apSpip eU to Upov rov dew 
Komadevra tcai ucerewravra 0€pam'€V€a0€U irpo^ rot) 

10 Oeov * /CM j€P€<r0<u ^nip^ffP ripa etc rov 0€ov» p^ ico- 
fu^eadcu eU ro Upop, aXX' aurov fuvorr^ iaeaOtu cip^ir 
vov ravra re direpyyeiKM rov^ eralpov^ tuu AXe* 
(avSpov ov iroXxf vorepov cffirodcamv, (&9 rovro apa 
ijSrf iv TO afieivov* Ov vopp» Si rovrwv oire *Api- 

ifi oTo/SovX^ ovre IlToXefiaup dparyeypaTrrai. Oi Se xai 
rdZe cu4ypay^^ip, €p€<rB<u phf rov^ eralpov^ avrov, Unp 
rrpf fiaaiXeiap avoKilvei* rov Se %nroKpivaa6<u Sri 
r^ tcpariar^. 



Digitized 



by Google 



AIOAaPOS SIKEAiaTHS. 



ORIGIN ASD COMMENCEMENT OF THE 
LAMIAN WAR. (Lib. XVIIL cc. 8-11. B. C. 
323.) 

Kara ->€ rrjp Evpcymjv ^PoS^o^ fi€P aefidKovre^ rqy 
MoKcBopfc^ <f>povpap fjKevdipioaav t^j/ woKiv, ^AOff* 
vcuot Si irpo^ ^Avrlirarpov ttoK^iaov i^veyxap top opo- 
fiaaOewa Aafuaxop. Tovtov Se ra^ curiae apayiea2dp 
ioTt rpo€tc0ea0€U xapip rod a'a(f>eaT€pa^ ycpeaOcu ra^ s 
€P ai/^ <rvpT€\€<r0€l<ra^ wpa^et^. *A\i^apBpo^ yap fipa* 
yel "popfp trpoTcpop rrj^ reKevrrj^ hcpwe Kardrjeip airap^ 
ra9rov9 €P rcu^ ^EhXriPun iroKea (f>trya8a^, afui fjiep 
Bo^ ipe/eep, cifia Be fiovXofiepo^ ^€ii/ €P ifuurrp irokei 
iToKov^ iOioif? TiU9 evpouus irpo^ rov^ peorrepicfMov^ kcu lO 
TasaTTooTcurei? r&p E\Kr]PC9p. Atoirep xmoyv^p op^ 
TOD tIop ^0\vpmwiP i^CTre^y^ep eU t^v ^EWdBa NiKor 
pof TOP SToyeiplrrjp, 801/9 ctt^otoX^v irepl rfyf /caOo- 
Bo TavTTfp Be irpoaera^ ep ry iraptfyupei B$a rou 
PiiaapTO^ terjpvico^ apcpyp(o<rOfjp(u roU irXtjOeci, Tot/* is 
TC Be irovri<raPTO^ to irpoiTTa')(j3ep, \afia}p 6 fc^pv^ ope^ 
«yi T^j/ eTTtoToXqp rripBe. BcuriKeu^ ^AXe^apBpo^ roU 



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by Google 



444 DIOBOBUS SICULUa 

€K T&v *EXKf)viBw iroKeav ^vyatru Tov /uta/ ^€vjmtf 
vfJMM ovj(^ fifiei^ ahiob ^ey6v€kfiePf rod Se xareXBel^ €i9 
709 iBia^ irarplSiK fjfiw €<rofie0a, w\^ r&p hforfw, 
reypfufMfieif Be ^Avrvrrdrpip irepi rovrwv, Srtrm^ ra^ fi^ 
c ^ovkofLeva^ r&p troXetov Kora^eiv ouciyKcuTtf. Ki^pvj(0€P^ 
r(ov Sc rQvrouf fieyaX^ icportp ev^arqijuuve to 9rXqf^o9' 
airohe^aiAevoi, yap ol Kara rrjp iraniyvpiv rrp/ X'V*^ 
rov fiaaiXecD^ Sul r^v x^o^mv ^fielfiotno rijv evepyeautp 
roU e7rcuiH>i9« H<rav S ol if>vydS€^ ofity^vrffKore^ aTroa^ 

10T€9 €7ri rrjv iropiqyvoaf, Svre^ irXelov^ i£>v hurfwpUsv, 
Ol flip oiv iroXKol rrjp icaBoiop r&p <f>v*^S€op cd9 cir' 
a/ya0^ ytpofieprfp aireiexppro, Ai/rw\oi Se i6u *A0fjpa!oi 
hv<r)(epalpopres ry irpa^i j(!^'Ke7r&^ e^pov* AlrcoiXol 
pip yap rov^ OlpiaBa^ ifcfiefiKtjKore^ ex rfj^ irarplZo^ 

\B irpocreioKdip rrjp eni roU irapapopaifiaaip erratoXovOou' 
Gap KoKaaip * kcu yap o PacrCKev^ ffir^CKriKfo^ Jjv c^ 
ovie OiPiaS&p iraiSe^ oXX avro^ emOriaei rrji Bltcrip 
aino'i;, 'Op^icD^ Se roxrroi^ AOriPouoi rrjp Soficr ko^ 
raKeK\rjpoir)(rjxoTe^ ovhapw rrjp prjaop raurrjp wpokno ' 

so ovK opre^ S* a^Lopxiypt rah rovrov Svpa/jbeat, xaraiuv 
TO irapop rjavj^WP rjyop, hnrrfpowre^ Kaipop €v0^p, 
OP rj rvyri ra^em^ ainoZ^ irapeo'Kevaa'e. Mer* oXiop 
yap reXevrrfo-apro^ *A7ie(apSpov kcu t^ ^aa-iXeui^ vJJ? 
8uiB6xov9 OVK expvarf^, eroXfirjaaP avrCKafiecrdat, ^ 

25 eXevOepla^ Koi r^ Koipfj^ r&p ^EXXi^PCi}p ^e/iopk, 
^A<l>opfia^ S* eaxpp eU rov iroXefAOP rd re irXrjOo^ rp 
KaraX€i<f>0€Pro)P u^* ^AprraXov ;^/AaTa)j/, opmUh^ he i 
rov^ Kara rrpf ^Aaiap ap,La0ov<i yepofievov^ info rf 
aarpair&p pxa0o<l>opov^, opra^ fiep oKraxurxOuov^^ hi/ 

80 rpipopra^ he rrepi Taipapop rry; HeXoTroppriaov. A 



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by Google 



THE LAMIAK WAS, 445 

MM rmrrqv^ wpoaentfap ev anroppvfTOi^ AetdaOw^ r^ 
^AOfpfOUf TO /iey irpSnov ai^aXa^€2> airroi^, w I&OTrpo- 
yovrra ;^«»/M9 ti;9 tow 8rifAov yv<i/i/^p &n-9^ 6 ^ ^Av- 
rhrarpo^ ^<jf0VfiCT€p6§f Star^Oi wpo^ ra^ vapaatteva^, 
Karra4>pop&v roS Aec^irfidwoy^y d &' ^^ASifvaSe* (rypXifif b 
\afioMr$ Koi ypovfm Trpoiearttatemfaa-iu ri r&¥ eW rov 
wo\€fjtop j^pfjaipMV. Aio tuu AemQ04inf^ fiMva iroXX.^ 
ri^v)(la^ fua0maafJLep&9 tow wpoeiprff/tepov^ irapoBo^w^ 
irolp/qv «Er%e trpa^ T09 vpa^t^ efyoX/yfvif iivrnfuv* 
*E(rrpar€Vfjbnfoi yap teara r^ ^Aaianf iroXvy xpo^fow, leai 10 
voKKmv iuu fMjakoov oyciiwv psretrxtfteoT^, affkfjrai 
r&p Kara toi/ wJkefunf epycn^ eyeyeinjvr: ToSra /mi^ 
oSv oSt«»9 eTrparrero prlfi^m MiKSi^ iyvo)afM€vvf^ rlfi A\e^ 
^avSpav reXevT^. ^Ewel Be rive^ he BafivKSfuo^ ^tcov 
avTomrai yejowre^ rifi rov /SeuriXec^^ fAeraXKayif^, rore 15 
^av€p&^ Sfffio^ cvtre/cdKuy^ro vpo^ top woKeptop, teai 
T&v piu ^ApiraXev jQyffpArwv p,€po9 i^eirep^^ r^ Aeo^ 
afiepei tcai iravcm\ia^ owe oXtya^, mt waprjyyeiKe p^ri^ 
/ceri irapaKpuTrruv, aSXa ^>a;npw vparreiif n r&p 
ovp/i^pirrcnu ^O &€ &afiov9 to2? fJuaBo^poi^ ra^ cw^ 10 
Ta^«9 KM KaJBcnrTsMTo^ rov^ dpoTrXov^, wap^kffev eU 
Alrcaiklav, trwffffaop^po^ KOivoirpayuw. ^Aap^fw^ Be 
T&if Alrmk&p avwjTcueowrairre^p, kcu BiBqwrmv airr^ 
arparuyra/f eirreucia^tXlov^, 6 piev AemcBevrf^ Bumep^ 
iropevo^ irpo^ re tov9 AoKpov^ Kot te^KeU Koi tov9 aX- ss 
Xot/9 rov^ ir\7i(Tuy)(jii>pov^ vapeKctKe^ rfyf ttirovofiia^ 
aprej(€<r0ai k€U t^ r&v MoKeBatwp Beoirorela^ eKevOe- 
p&aa^ T7fp JETXXa&s. 

*0 £€ Bfjpo^ rStp *AOfipale»p, rip pip Krffp^aruc&p 
avfi/3ov\evopr€»p rijp rftrv^utv ayeuf, r&p Be B^pkOKOwwp 8» 
38 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 



446 DIODOBUS BICULUS. 

avaaeiorrc^p ra irXiift; km irapaKoKoiifrmp ippmf Ui m t 
ij(j^<r6M rov woXifiov^ woku rok wKrfieaw vtrepei^fpp oi 
TOP iroKtfAOP aipovfACPOi tuu r<k rpo^w €M»0arc9 ^X^^ 
ix rov fuado^pup* oU wot* e^^ffcep 6 Hkvmro^ top 

6 /i€y wiXtffkOP uprfpffp virapx'^iv, Trpf Si eiprpnfp wo\£iM4m. 
EvOv^ fAp oi fiip prjfrop€9 rov rcir ifffAorucAp oppLo^ 
aoffAOTOirounipTe^ !ypa^ftap i^^KrfJLa ttj^ tcowtfi t&p 
*£XXi7Panr eKevOepia^ ^popria-oi top Srjpcp, scai rck f*€y 
^povpovfUptK iroKm iKevOepwroh pa!h Se vcLpactceva' 

loaoi T€Tpvip9i/i pip T€TTapaxopTa, Tpiffipei^ & Buueoaia^ 
aTpaTW<raa0a$ Se Troirrov *A0ffpalov^ rov9 P^XP^ ir&p 
TeTTCkpaKOPTOt KM Tpw p^P ^Xo^ TifP *ATTucfjp wopa- 
^v\aTT€w, Ta9 S* eirra irpo9 to^ inrepoplov^ oTpareia^ 
eroip>ov9 cImu. *Eic7repi^^xu Se Koi wpecfiet^ roi/9 hre- 

IB \ev<rop>epov9 tck ^EXKfipiSc^ voKii^ kcu Btia^pra^ Sri 
K€u irparepop piv o hrfpa^i Ttfp ^EiKKaia vaacof ko&p^p 
etpcu warpiSa KpLpwp t£i^ *JS\X^m»i/ tov9 ein iovkfUf 
erpaTeva-ap^tpov^ fiapfiapois tipivaro Kara OaKarTOP, 
K€U pvp oienu Seuf inrep tyj^ Koanj^ t&p *BiXKtfP»p am- 

nTffpW KM CWfUUTi KM ^(pVlfUUri KM POVol VpOKtvSv 

peuew. Kvpw6ipTO^ he tov '^^ri^lapafro^ irpox^iporepop 
^ avpe^pep, o* pep <rvp€aei hia^epoPTe^ t&p ^EWji^prnP 
€<f>€urap TOP Sfjp^p T&p *Adffpau»p ra pip vpo^ eiSo^iop 
eb fiefiovXewrOai, tov Se <rvpi^epoPTOs S^ffp/iprrfKepM • 

96 irpoe^aviOTcurdcu yap curiop t&p Ktup&p^ km wpo^ dpi" 
KTfTov^ KM psyoKa^ Svpap^i^ ewifiaXKeadM SuucuSv 
peveip p^fiep^a^ opajKff^ Kareireiyovaij^, km (f>povffa€i 
ZoKovpra Suuf>€p€Uf p/tfSe Toh vepifioi^TOK t&p O17- 
Pauop avp^pM^ pepox^errjaOoL Oi pijp oKKa t&p 

mrpeaficMP hniropevopAptop ra9 iroksi,^, 1^ r^ avp^n 



Digitized 



by Google 



THE LAMIAK WAB. 447 

rw \iyt0P i^vvimfn irapopfjt&vrmv tt/w, top voKifUPp 
04 7rXel<rr€U flip avP€0€PTo rijp avfjkfjuxxlop, ai fj^ tavr 
€6po^, ai Se Kara iroXw. TAp S* aXXoi>p *EXKrj[P(op 
oi fiep TTpo^ MoKchoptK onreKKuMXP, ol Sc irfP ^av 
xImp ekKoPTOn Alr(»\o\ pip oip Snraprt^ irpinoi avpe- 
OePTO rifif ^vfjkfiaylaVt KoOan-ep irpotlpririu, fiera Si 
rowrow &€TTaXdi pip tropre^ wXi/p IleKanfcUeop, Ol- 
roZcM Si wX^ *HpaKKe€»T&p, ^A)(m&fP Si iOwrcu vX^ 
&f)l3aif»p,' MfjX^ek Si vXi/p Aap4ia>p, e^ Si Aio^ 
pieh awapT€^ km Aoicpoi km ^(oxek, Srt S Alpuwe^ lo 
Koi ^AXu^€uo$ Koi AoKoire^, irpo^ Si rovroi^ *A0ap>aP€^ 
KM AevKoSioi KM MdKorr&p ol irepi *AptnrrMOP* oS- 
ro9 S' virovkop avp^pM^xiop axwdepepo^ icrepop Sia 
irpohoala^ avpripytfae roU McuceSoci. T&p r *IXX4;- 
pi&p KM &p€fK&p oXiyoi avp€0€PTO av/ApMj^iop Sta ro is 
TTpo^ T0V9 MoK^opoi pUco^. *Ef^ 86 ovpeXafiovTO 
Tov woKepov Kapvimoi, pip if Evfioia;^, reXevrcuoi 
Si 7&P IleKoTroppfjaimp ^Apyeioi, SiKVWPioi, IlKeioh 
MecirfjiPioi km ol rifp ^AKrifp KaroiKOVPre;. Ol pip 
oup avppa^lop avpdepepoi t&p 'EXKriPtop \nrfipj(pp ot20 
irpoeiprjpipoi. *0 Si S^fU>9 direoTeXXe aTpaTurr<K r^ 
AecocOipei fforjOrja-opra^ woXATt/eou9 pip W€jbv9 wePTOr 
KuryCKiov^t hnreh Si irepraKoalov^t fu<r0o<f>opov9 Se 
SuTj^iXiov^, *TovTWP Si vopevopeptop Sta t^ Boumia^, 
aSXorpiov^ cvpefiMpep elpM tov9 Boudtov^ to?9 ^AOff-n 
poloi^ Sut Totavra^ npo^ alrla^. AXe^pSpo^ Qrfia^ 
Karao'Kay^'it^ rrjp X'^pap roh irepiotKovat BoianoU eSc»- 
K€P» OvTo^ Bi KaraKK7ipovj(r^cane^ ra^ t&p ^tvj^ 
Kortop KTTia-ei^ €k t^ X^P^^ fieyoKa^ i\ap/3avop irpotr^ 
oSov^, Aunrep etSore? ort KpaTrjcmrre^ AOr^PMot t^ ao 



Digitized 



by Google 



448 DIOD(^US SICULUS. 

TfokMfMf T^I? O^ffmot^ curoMnaarriaovtn nfv t« irarpiSa 
/uu ripf x^panf, anmi^vav trpe^ rots McuceSavaif* Srpof^ 
TOTTtBevairrca^'i* aurw wepi tw UXotomk^ o AmoaBem/fi 

Brlat^. Mera Si r£y ^AOfjvaitop vapara^aiMeyo^ wpa^ 
T0V9 eyx^piov^ M'^hOf '^^ ivUfiiat koL rp^tnuw trrri/cra^ 
raxef0^ nravtjhJBep &ii ilvXof ^ ivrqifBa yap hutrpifiwp 
Xpopov rwa wpoKoretkijirro raif wapoiov^ km t^ tAp 
MoicehaiHOP BwofHP oveBex'^TO* 



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by Google 



nOATBIOS. 



L ORIGIN OP THB ACHAIAN LEAGUR 
(Lib. IL 0.41. B. C. 280.) 

Okufim-ia^ fi^ fjv eheoirrri /eai reraprrf irpa^ rah 
etcarrop, ore Harpel^ ffp^amo avfiff>pov€lv Koi Av 
fuuot* Ktupol S€, KoO* o(W IlroKifAaie^ o Aaiyov, kcu 
A%Hrlfu»/XP^, ^^ ^^ SeXeu/eo^, iccu IlToXefuuo^ 6 jEe- 
pawo^, fierrjlKKa^v rov fiiov. Havre^ yap durot irepi $ 
rrpf vpoeipffpspffv ^OXA/fvinaSa ri ^v i^\im-ov. Toif^ 
fjieu oiv avdnepov rovrcow j(povov^, roiaurff Tt9 fjp ^ 
wepi TO wpoetpfffA€vop S0vo^ SiaOect^. ^Awo yap Turor 
fuvoO fiaaCKev0€in€^, $9 fjv ^Opearov fA€P vUhf /cara 
ie rrfp r&p ^HpoicKetB&p /ceiOoSop hnreawp rfj^ Sirap- to 
T179, tcareiTX'B tov9 vepl *Aj(aUw roirov^ • otto rotrrov 
Kara to avp€j^ fuu tcara to yepo^ JW *Iiyvyov fiaa^' 
\ev0€PT€^ • fftera ravra SwrapearricraPTe^ toU tov vpotir 
prffiipov ircuaiPf iwl r^ fAtf poiilfAOi^ oXXa Se^nroTi^oi? 
ainw apx^iPf furiimia'ap eU hiifAOKparlap tt/p iroXi- is 
reiap, Aoprrop ijSff tow ef^ j(popov^ A^^XP* ""J^ -4X6- 
^avSpov iuu ^Cklmrov ivpaarela^, iXKore p^ SlKKm^ 
i^wpei ra irpayuaT airrovi icara to^ irepiOTcuret^ * to 
38* 



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by Google 



450 FOLTBIOS. 

<y€ li^ KoufOfy woklrwfui, leaJBafirep e$piitcafi£w, cf Stf 
lAOKparlq atn^eiP eiretp&vro. Twro S' fgy €k im^ 
Bexa irAecoy ^ Sn koi vvp avfifiaipet SutfAOftuf, 
irXrjp *flXevov, km *E!kitcfi^, r^ wpo rw AeuKTpuew 

* inro rff; Odkarrf)^ tcarcnroOeiofi^. Avrai S* w^ Tlor 
rp<u, Avfjuq, iapalf Tplraui^ . Aeorriov, Alyetpa, ITeX- 
X'nvff, Atyiov, Bovpctp Kepuveia, '^HXeifo^, kcu ^Ekucff. 
Kara he rov^ wrrepov^ juiip r&p /car *AXe((»vSpop kcu- 
p&v, TTporepov^ Se rifi aprt pitfieUni^ ^CfkufvirtaSo^, eU 

lorouurnpf iub^>opav tcai tcaj(€(ia» iveireaop, mi iMKurra 
Bca T&v ex MoKtSovia^ fictaiXetop, ep i cvpkfiri vcura/^ 
Ta9 vokei/it ywpiaOelaa^ wir avr&p, ipoprUt^ to oi;^ 
^pov ay€iP aXXrJKcu^, *E( cv avptwea-e, to? fiip 
€fjuf>povpov^ avT&p y€V€a0€U Sia re Afip^piov §uu Kma* 

15 ccwSpov, tcai fiera ravra &' *ApTiyopov rot) ropara, 
TO? Se iuu TvptunfeurOoi • vXeurrov^ yap Stj piopopyw^ 
ovTo^ ip^yr&HTiu hoicei roi^ ^EiKK,fi<ri^ Ilepi ii r^ 
eucooTfiP KM reraprrfp *OKufim'iaBa vpa^ rai^ acaroPp 
KoOairep eiravm vpoelirop, ai$i9 ffp^avro pjsrapci^iraip^ 

sor€9 ovfM^peip. Tavra S' ^p xara rifP Hvppov £mx~ 
fiaciv eU *lTa\utP. Ktu wp&roi ftep avP€<mi<rap, Av 
fuuoi, Uarpekf TpiraUk, tapMek* Siowep ou8e or^ 
Xffp uTTopx^^P avpfialpet r&p wokemp rovrmp wepi r^ 
ovfAwoXireia^. Mera Si ravra, fLokurrd iru^ erei 

2^* irepmrfp, rifp if>povpap exfiaXopre^ Alyiek, lAfriirxop t$? 
avpnroKvreia^ • e^ Se romoi,^ Bovpiot, rop rvpavpofP 
diroKrelpavre^* ^Afia he roirroi^ KepupeU cnroxariarff 
aop. XvpiZwp yap *Ia€a^ o rfj^ Keptweia^ rdre rv 
poppeve^p, eieire'irrcDKVtap fup If Alyiov rtjp ^>povpap, 

navoXooikora Be rop ep r^ Bovptf fiovapypp Sia Mdptcov 



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by Google 



BATTLE OF SELLASIA. 451 

mm rw ^Ajfcu&v* iaurhv h\ ira;trra')(60eu op&P i<rov 
mfK l]Stj troXefJuriOffa'o/Jbepov • am-odefACPo^ t^ <VX^« ^ 
Xafiwp ra irurra irapa r&v *Aj((u&if xmip r^ cursor 
XciCK irpoc€0fjic€ r^ woKw irpo^ to t&p ^A)(cuSify 



IL BATTLE OF SELLASIA. (Lib. IL cc. 
65-69. B. C. 222.) 

Tov Si ffepov^ hfiarafUpoVt kcu aw€>£orrwv t&p 
MoK^ptDP icai T&p ^A)(ai&p he r^ ye^iiaaia/i^ ava- 
XaficDP TTJp oTpaTiap AptIjopo^, irpaijye fiera t&p 
av/Afjtai}((»p eU Trp/ Acuctovucrpf • €)((»p McuceBopc^ pip 
Tov^ €49 T7IP ^dkayya p,vpiov^, veKTOOTo^ Se Tpurxfr lo 
Xlov^t tmrew S« Tpuucoiriov^, AyptaP€t^ Si avp tov- 
Toi^ j(fXlov^, /ecu raXdT<K SXKov^ too-ovtov^* pAado- 
^pov^ 8e^ TOW wdpT(K, 7re{bu9 p^ep TpuryCKlov^t Jtt- 
irei9 $€ Tpuueotrlov^ • ^A^mAv &* eirCKiicrov^, ire^ov^ 
piep Tpi<r)^t\iov^, iinrek Se Tpuucoalov^ * xai MeyaXo" is 
vroXlTa^ ;^t\ioi;9, eU top Mcuc^ophwp Tpmop Kadw- 
wXurpepov^, &p rfjelTO KepxiSa^ MeyctKoTroXlrf)^ • p&p 
Si €rvp,pA')(<op Bouan&p p>ip we^ov^ B^<rJ(lXu}v^, imreU 
Bi Buucoclov^* ^HireiptOT&p ve^ov^ XiX/ow, iTrn-el^ 
irepTTiKOPTa * ^Axappdv^p aXKov^ tocovtov^* IXKvpt&poo 
y/Xiov^ i^cuco<rlov^, €if> S>p Afip,rfrpio^ o ^dp^}^. ^tlirf 
cZmu iraa'caf Ttpf Bvpap^p, Trejbw pip eU Siapvpiov^ 
oitraKiej(CKlov^f iinret^ Bi ypuotf^ icai BiaKo<ru>t^. O 
Si KXeopJpfy;, irpoirBoK&p r^ €(f>oBop, Ta^ phf oXXa? 



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by Google 



452 FOIiTBlOB 

To^poi^ teal Bev^fiwf e««07ra!9' wm Sk Mara r^ 
SeXKBuriat^ MXtiz/M^v fiera TJ99 Stw(^EMi»9 iarpam' 
7rfScw» T^ wcufffi vwofXQVCi^^ avr^ wrparuk &9 Sia 

TTOiiTcraadai rov9 inrevavrlou^ r^ eiafioXrpf. ^O luu 
cweKvpffo-e. Avo £c \o^v hr 0^x79 r^ elo-oSov 

K€ifi€IWVt TOP /A€V EvOP, TOV B* txepOV OkUfHITOP 

KoKeurOa^ avinfiaiffm, Tfy; B q$ou /mto^i; rovrmp 
10 m-apa TOP Olpovpra worafMgp ^i%pQvo^ w ripf Swap' 

TfJP, 6 pip KX£0/A€Pff^, T&P irpoe^pfJp^PfDP \0^P OMP' 

apu^ rd^op kcu yapatca irpofta\ip^09, en-i pip 
TOP Evop era{e tov9 UepioUov^ wu av^pa)(pv^* e^' 
&p efr€<mja€ top oSeKffiop EvKkilSav auro^ Sk top 

i^'^Okvpirop KaT^i/xfi, p^Ta Acuc^o^/iqpU^p §uu t&» p4ado' 
<l)op0P, ^Ep Si TW e7n,ir4Boi^ irckpa top worapim 
€<f> itcar^pa r^ oBov tov^ ImreU fiera fUpov9 nm 
tUp p,Kr0o<l)opa>p irapepd/SaKup* *ApTi/fovo% S4, wapar^ 
yepopepo^, amu orupdempr^a^ r^ t€ t^ towo>p oyy^ 

fopoTfjTa, Kol TOP KXeop,ep^ vcurt toU oixtm^ P'^pe^k 
T1J9 Bvpdpec^ ovTW^ evoTOfXJ^ irpoKaTeiXrfi^a to^ €^ 
Koipia^, &<rr€ irapamXrfO'iw €lpai to cvpnrap ^ryj^pA 
Ttjfi <rTpaTOTr€B€la^ rlys tw aya0&p onKop^afxwp wpo^ 
fioXSjq* ovBep yap wiriKviri t&p vpo^ eiriff^ctp Spa 

9S /CM jnihjaKrfp, oXX' $p opoi wapdra^^^ • ipepji^, tcai 
vapepfioXfi BiHTirpdaoBo^ * Bio tcai Tore pip ef f^o- 
Bov tcaranreipa^eip tcai ovprnXeKeaOtu wpoxfiip^o^ anr4^ 
ypf». 

STpoTOW^Bwa'a^ ^ ip fipa^^i &a«rT^fuiTi» #ectf Xa^ 

^ftifp vpdfiXfip^Jt TOP rdpyvXop tcoKai^iepop jroTopop* 



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by Google 



BATTLE OF SELLASIA. 453 

Tino? fkeif fjiUpa^ hrifiepioVf aw€0€wpu to? re r&if 
Tihrtov iSiOTfira^, koI to? tUp hvvafjLtmv ita^pa^. 
^AfJM Se ical irpoSeucvvoDv riva^ irrtfioXd^, 7r/)09 to 
fbeKKov i^fcaXeiro ra^ r&v vTrtvamitov emvoia^, Ov 
Swofkevo^ Se Xa/Seiv ovSiif dpyov, ovS* €(<yrrXop, Sta ^ 
TO vpo^ ^ irav irol/im^ uimtuptiadiu top KXeofL^vrjp • 
T^ /*€!> rouufrrf^ hripoia^ aireoTTj, TeKo^ 8* cf ofio- 
XSyov iia /uip^ ufi^orcpa^ irpoSepro Kplp€ip to? 
irpa^t^^ Ilapv yap ev<f>v€i^ icai '/rapanr\ff<rlov^ fffe- 
fjLiva^ ij rvx"! <^^fi^'^ tovtov9 tov9 ivipcvt. IIpo^ lo 
phf cUp rov^ Kara top Eiop 6 fictaiKev^ oprera^ r&v 
T€ MeueeSoPtop tov9 ;(aXic«ur7r«Sa¥y xai tov9 ^IXXvpunh, 
tcara (nrelpai^ h/oKKa^ rerajfievov^ * ^AXe^cufSpop top 
^Aicfirfrov, Kcu Ariiitfrpiop top fapcop eTrurrrja'a^, *E*ni 
Se TovTOt^ T0V9 ^Aicappapa^ icai Kprjra^ eirefioKe • tov- is 
Ttnf Se KaroTT^p ^av Skr%t\io^ r&p *Aj(^cu&p, €<l>eBpela^ 
Xapfiopopre^ Tofyp. Tov^ 8* ifrireU irepl top Olpovpra 
iroTOfAOP apreOffKe r^ r&p iroXefitmp Imrut^ (Tvcrrf^wi 
ainov^ *A\e^pSpop fffepLOPCL, tcclX cvprnupajBei^: irefyv^ 
T&p *A')(fu&p ')(puov^, Kcu MeydKoiroKlra^ rov^ tcrov^, ao 
AvTO^ Se, T0V9 fua0o<l>opov^ ex^v ^ tov^ McuceSopa^, 
teara top "OXufvirop irpo^ tov9 irepi top KXeop^eprip 
hterpw iroieia-Ocu rifp P'OX'fP' npordfa^ oip rot;? 
fuaOo^pov^, eirecrqcre Si^fniXayylap ertdWrfXjop rSnf 
McLtceZwmp • eiroiev Se tovto Bia . rrfP orrtporrp-a t&p fis 
Tovwp. SvpOrjfJM S* ^p To2^ fA€P *IWupto2<;, Tore 
TToUiaOcu rifp ap^rip rrj^ tt/w top \o<I>op Trpoa/SoXfj^, 
Stop IBcdcip apOeurup airo r&v Kcvra top OXvfiirop 
roTTWP civBopa' Trpoarfprrffiepoc jap tfo-ap otrrot pvtero^ 
€P t^ FopyvX^ vorap^, irpo^ atrry r^ rov Xoif>oxi pi^jf * to 



Digitized 



by Google 



454 POLTBIOS. 

roU Se MeyaXoiroXiTOi^ kcu toU linrewri vapam\ffai»^ 
eiretSav if)otvua^ e^apO^ irapa rov fiaaiXeo)^. 

*Eir€iSri B* 6 fM€P tcaipo^ ijtce rij^ Xpeuvi, ro Sk 
<rvv0fjfia T0A9 ^IXXvpiok aweSofffj, ircLprfffeCKav Ze iroy- 

Belp TO SeoVf oh ^v eirtfieXei* iravre^ evOem^ avaSei^ 
fain-€9 avT0U9, fcan^pj(pvTO vij^ irpo^ rov fiovpop irpwr' 
fioXfj^, Oi Si fiera r&p KXeofiepov^ imrtofP e^ ^fyfi^ 
rayOipT^ eS^e^poi, Oetopoupre^ ras <nr€ip<vi t&p ^Ajfowv 
epTifAov^ iie t&p icarowip ovaa^^ icar ovpop wpoairi' 

wwropre^, eh 6Xo<rj(€prj mivBvpop fffop tow v^w top 
X6<l>op PiofyiUpov^* w i^P T&p jutep V€p\ TOP EvfcXei- 
Sop ef virepSe^iov /cara vpwrtnrop avroU €^<rra>TOMf, 
T&p Se fiurdo^optop KaToirw hruceifUpwp, teal wpoa^fe" 

pOPTiDP TO^ X^^P^ €pp(Ofl€P<l^. Ep tp KtUp^ OVPPOT^ 

16 <ra9 TO y€p6fi€P0P, Sfia Se wpoopdfiepo^ to pJxXoPg 
tCKonrolp/qp 6 ' McyoXowoXtTiy?, to fup wp&rop inro' 
Seucpueip eirefiaKXero T0Z9 irpoeoT&ai, to avfi/3rfaop,epop' 
ovoepo^ 0€ irpo(re)(pPTos auT^ oul to p^rjT &f> rjyefLOPUK 
T€Tdj(j9cu p/ijSen-iOTroTe, tcopuS^ T€ p€op vr/rapx^iP ovtop' 

^ vapaxcCKio'tK tov^ eavTOv wo\iT(K, epefiaXe Toh TroXe- 
fUoi^ ToXp/rjpw. Ov yepofiepov, Top^cW ol irpoaxel^ 
fjtepoi pucBo^pot /caT ovpop toZ? irpoficupovciP, dscov- 
aapT€^ T^ Kpavyrj^, /ecu avpiSoPTC^ TtfP Tip imremp 
avpnrXoterjip^ a^epLepob t&p irpoKeifiepwp, ivirpe^op w 

tSTO? ef o,pj(vfi Tofcw, Ktu irpoaefior^Bovp T0Z9 imp av- 
T&p hnrevo'i,. Tovtov Sc ovfA^opTO^, aireplawaarop 
yepofACPOP TO t€ t&p ^IXKvpi&p koI MojuZopti^p tau 
T&p ap4i TOVTOi^ irpofieupoPTfOP irX^do^, hcBvpum c5p- 
pflfiae KCU Te0apfnfKOT<o^ ein T01/9 trrrevcurrlov^. *E^ 

80 ou KCU fiera Tavra ifnipepop iyepriOij, Zmti tov KOita 



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by Google 



BATTLE OF 8ELLASIA. 455 

Tov EvKKet^v wporeprifiaro^ cutio^ eyiyveTO tikoiroi' 

^O0€P Kcu Tov ^Avrijovov ^Mat fiera ravra Karait^^* 
pafyvra irw0av€c6<u rod ro^^eWo? eni rSrv ImritDV 
^AXe^cofBpov, Siu rl irpo rov vapaBodrjpcu to avvOrffui s 

TOV KlvZvVOV KaTap^€UTO. Tov h apVOVfA€VOV, ifxiaKOVTO^ 

Be, fieiptiuop rt MeyaXoTrdKirucov vpo€yj(€&pfja<u irapa 
rrfv iavTov yvwprriv evtreip, Bum to p,€p fieipcuctop 
fjyefjLOvo^ epyov dyetOov irovifiTa^ awdeaa-c^Aevop rov 
tecupov * hceho^ B , rjiyepMV inrdp^dop, fieipaxiov rov lo 
rt/XPVTO^. Ov fii^v, aXX* of ye irepl rov EvKhjelBav 
opSnne^ irpoafia$povcra^ to? (nrelpa^, a4f>€fiepo$ rov XP^ 
a9cu TCU9 T&p r&irtov evKoipiai^ • tovto 8' ^p, etc iroXKov 
avvaprSnna^ icdi irpooiriTrrovrai T0Z9 woXefilot^, ra pip 
€K€lvo9P arl(f>rj avprapdrreip /ecu BioKveiPy avrov^ 8* if 
vTTo^wpelp enl irdSa^Koi p^OlaraaOai irpo^ rov^ xnrep' 
Be^iov^ dei, roirov^ da<f)a\S)^* ovrm yap hp irpoXv* 
fi^dfiepoi Koi avyx^apre^ ro rov KoOoTrXurfiou /ecu 
r^ avprd^eo^ iBuopM rS>p inrepapruop, paBUo^ avrov^ 
erpey^apro But t^p t&p roTrtop €v<f)vtap* rourtap psv90 
ovSep eiroiijaap* KojOdirep 8* ef iroifiov a(f>i(ri t^ 
piterj^ vTrap^ovaf)^, rovpamtop errpafap, Kara yap 
rrfp e^ ^PX^ crdaip ep^pop erri r&p axpfop, w dpw 
rara OTrevBopre^ \afielp tov9 inrepaprlov^, 649 to t^ 
if>vyfjp eni iroXu /cara^pf} mu /cprjfApdtBrf yepeo^Oaiu 
ToU iroXep,ioi^. Svpefirj B\ Sirep elico^ tip, rovpaprlop* 
ov yap arroXpiropre^ avro*!^ apoyfoprictPt irpoaBe^dp^" 
poi, B axepaiov^ ap^ kcu avpeardaa^ rdf; <nreipa9» 
€49 tovto Bv<r)(pri<Trla^ ffkOop, OKrre BC ainffi rffi 
rov Xo<f>ov KOpvifnj^ Btap.dyeirBaA wpo^ tov9 fita^ps" » 



Digitized 



by Google 



456 POLYBIOS. 

yoi/f. AotwoVf iaov he ircSo^ hritaOrfaiw r^ fioip^ 
rov KitOoirXurfiov seal t^ <rvirra^«9' evdea^ S' oi 
fi€v ^IXKvpuH Ttfif KaraffTOtTW eKafifiapov^ oi Be vepH 
i^v EvK\elhav r^ Snro wdSa, Sia ro fitj xaraXeltre^ 

i ffOai TOVQP av apaj(i»fnf0%p xai fAerdoTcurtp eaurol^, 
*JS?f o5 ra/)(e»^ avpe/Svf rpairevTiK avrou^, oKeOpu^ 
'jffrffTfurOoA i^vypy tcptjfwwSff tcai Bvirfiarop i)(pvT»v eni 
iroko rrjif apa/)^(ipvf<nv r&v nmmv. 

^Afia &€ TOVT049, i w€pi tov9 hmrw owereKeiTo 

10 Kivhvpo^, ifCTrpeirli irmovfiepmv r^ ^(peuuf rw ^A'XfiX' 
tcSnf Ijnrewp dwavrmv, puiKKxra St OKoTTolfAevo^, Sui 

TO W€fH T^ aVT&V €K6V$€pio^ aVPeOTOWU TOP o\ov 

a/y&pa, KaO* tp Ktupop r^ irpo€ipfffi€P^ ovpefifj, top 
pL€p vmrop ircaeip, wXrfjepra K€upia>^ * avrop 8c Tre^o- 

^^ fM^oHpra ireptweo'etp rpavfjMT^ /9ia/^, Bi ifi^lp toTv 
fiffpotv. Ol Bi fifib'iXeU fcara tw ''Okufnirop ro fiep 
wp&TOP hroioifPTo Bia r&p cvl^oipwp kcu luaBo^patp 
Tqp avfjvjrXo/crjP, trap exarepoc^ aj(eBop iirapjfpprwp 
Tovrmp 6i9 irepTOKic^iXiov^. Up irore fiep /cara p^p^» 

soTTore 5' oXotryepSi^ avfiirvrrropreip, Bia<f>€pova'ap avpe^ 
fiaive ylypeaOcu rrjp ef a/JAJyow ypelap, o/xov r&p tc 
fiaaiXeoop koI r&p orparoireBfap ep avpo^p^i nrotovfU' 
p^p rifp fMjffjp, 'HfuW&PTo Bi TTpo^ iavrov^ tetu 
Kar apBpa xai Kara nirffia row €w^v)(Uu^. *0 Se 

85 EXeofiePfi^, op&p rov^ fuep tr^pi rov aZ^k^p ir€if>€V-' 
jora^, rov^ B* ep roT^ eirnreBoi^ iynrel^ iaop ovtrm 
kkipopra^ • /carairXiMyfi^ iv, firj irapraj(o0€p irpoaBe' 
(ffrai rov^ woXefuov^, ^po/y/ca^ero Buunrop ra wpo* 
r€i')(Uriiara9 mu waaap rrpf Bwa/up e^tvyeof ^actm- 

sdirtfSop Kara fiiap irXevpap rrf^ crparoTT^la^. *Ap€h 



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by Google 



PHILOPOIMEN. 457 

mXai$€PTmv ii t&p map erepoi^ evl^ivwv he rod usra^ 
roTTOV Sui T7J<; cdXTTiyyo^, awaXoKcL^curac, kcu fieror 
^clKjowcu Ta9 <rapla<ra^, avve^aXXov al (fxSXayye^ aX- 
Xt^Xoa?. Aya>vo^ Be yevofiivov Kparacov, kcu irore 
fiev errl iroBa iroiovfievfav rrjp dvaj(^(ipfjaLP, kcu tt^c- 6 
^ofM€V€ov hrt iroKv r&v McuceSopfov vtto rtj^ Ta>p Aa- 
KCDPODp euy^v^ias, irore Se t&p AcuceSa4,^pioi>p e^(o0ov' 
/i€Ptop UTTO rov ^dpov^ TTJi^ T&p Ma/ccSopoDP Tofeo)?' 
T€\o9 oi vepl TOP ^Aprlyopop <rvfi><l>pd£aPT€^ Ta^ aa" 
plaafKt KCU yfi^aap^poi t^ t^9 erraXX^Xov if>aXayyo^ lo 
iSuDfuiTi, Pla '/rpocireo'OPTe^, e^eaxrop €k t&p (y)(yp<0' 
fuiTODP T0V9 AaKeSaifJLOplov^. 'to flip ovp aXXo ttX^- 
0o<i €<f>€%fye irpoTpoirdSriP, <f>0P€vdfi€P0P • 6 Se KXeofiipf)^, 
hnreh Ttpa^ ^xjayp irepl eavTOP, ape^cjprjae fji^era tow 
T<ap da^xiKm eU t^v S'n-dpTf)P. *E'jriy€POfi€prj^ Sc 15 
T^ pvKTO^f KaTafia^ eU FvOiop, fiTOtfiaafUptop ain^ 
T&p irpo^ TOP 'irXovp €K irXeiopo^ ^(popov wpo^ to 
av^ffaipop, dir^pe fiera t&p ij>£Ktov eU *A\€^dpSp€uw, 



III. CHARACTER OF PHILOPOIMEN. (Lib. 
X c. 25. Lib. XL c. 10.) 

^iKxnrolfiTjp toIpup irp&rop fiiv &f>v KdK&^* ^p yap 
€^ dvSp&p T&p emil>ap€aTdT<op kot ApKoBiap, Tpa^el^ jo 
, Si Kol wcuSevOei^ inro KkeapBpop. MaPTU^ea, iraTpucop 
flip avT^ ^€POP wrdp^opra, tf>vyaZ€vopTa he icar eKei- 
voxn Tov^ KO^pov^, opra Se Mapripetop eirL^apeaTorop. 
Mera he ravra, wapityepdfiepo^ eU ffKuciaPf eyepcTO 
39 



Digitized 



by Google 



458 POLTBIOS. 

{^Xjrr^ ^Eitirifuw tcci Afifu>^>a90v^, A ro fU9 yant 
Ijaap he MeyaX^ Iloket^, ^cvyorre? & nw rvpoM- 
wov^p K4U avfifiu^arre^ *Apxeirika rm ^nkoao^ xara 
ripf ifvyrfp, rjkevOipmirap lup -nff ainim varpiSa, av 

§ imffaoftevoi /car * Apurrd^^fjuov rov rvpcanwv vpa^* 
4TVwrtr€\afiorT0 tk icdi rff: KOTCLkxHrem^ rov Suawpuov 
Tvpavpcv NucoKXeoi^, xoawrria'avre^ *ApdT^ t^ em- 
fioXSj^' rri Si KvprpHUWP airav^ fMerawefif^ltafievi^v, 
e^'^^a»^Aq 'n-povtrrffaap luu hie^Xafaw airch rip cXev- 

toOepiap. OU tcara rip^ vpirrqp ^Xuuop hrl voXu 
ovfifii^iciKf iU^p€ fup cifBet^ rSnf koB* airrw, mpl 
re ra^ hf roh Mvprjylot^ Kaxfnradela^ lau toX/mk, 
irtpi T€ TO? €P rot9 iroXep^xoU. *Hv Se tau mpi 
rov filov eTTifUKi^, mu X1T09 /cara r^ irepucoirrjp, 

IB irap€i\rf<f><0^ irapa rSnf irpoaprjfJLepfDV aifhpiw routura^ 
rwas ho^cu;, m oirv olov re r&p koivS>v wpotrrareiv 
/ca\&^ rov oXtytDpovvra r&v xara rov iSiov fiiov, 
ovr€ p,rfv aTrocj^eaOai rwv rffi irarpl^, oari^ iroXv' 
reXearepov {J t^ icara ri^v iSiav virap^iv X^P^^^' 

90 rtXrpf tcaraaraffel^ inro r&v Aj(ai&v linrapyri^ ev roU 
irpo€iprip>€VOi^ Mupol^, kcu irapa\afia>v ra awrayiiara 
rSfv vmriwv iravrl rpairtp KaT€<f>0app^i^v, koX to? 
'^V)(a^ rSnf avSpwv rjmjp^a^ • ov fiovov airov^ iau^ 
ran/ fieXrutv^, aXXa tcai rSsv xnrevavrUdv Kpcirrov^ ev 

KoXlytp XP^^^ KarecKewKre, trdvra^ eh aXtfOivfjv oo-zn/- 

aiv tccu {[itXoi/ errirev/criKov ifi^i^da-a^ 

EU Xoyo^, evfcaipw^ ptjOeh vir dvSpo^ a^ioirlarov, % 
iroXKaKi^ ov fiovov wrrorperrei r&v yeiplartov, akXa kcu 
irapoppu irpo^ ra KuXXurra toi;? avOpoyrrov^. ^Orav 

t) ie /ecu rov iSu)v plov cucoXovdov €la<l>€pijrcu roU ^Ip^ 



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by Google 



THB FREEDOM OF HELLAS PROCLAIMED. 459 

uepoi^ o wapa/caK&p, avay/evf Xafifiaveiv rfjp trpwniP 
iruTTiP Tfjp wapaipea-ip, *0 Srj irepi ckclpop top opSpa 
p4xKuTT* &p T*9 iBoi jiypofiepop, Kara re yap r^v 
eaffrjrra km alrrfa-tp cuf>€\rj^ km X*to9 ^p' ofioUo^ he 
iciu irepi ra^ rov cdfiaTO^ Oepawela^, m Se Koi ra^ « 
€rrevfeA9, einrepUoirro^ kcu apeiri^opo^. Ilepl ye p/fjv 
rov Trap* SKop top filop aXrjOevetP, fAeyumjp hroii^<ra-' 
TO cnrovSrjiP. ToijapTot fip<iy(€a luu Ta TV^ppra atro^ 
<f>aafOfiepo^, fieyoKrjp eyKareKenre wiarip T0I9 oKOfvovau 
IlapaZeiyfia yap ip iraat top iSiop fiiop €la'(l>epo/i€PO^, 10 
ov iroW&p hroUt irpoahelaOai, \oy<»p rov9 okovopto^, 
Ato KM iroXKaKi^ \oyov^ fuucpov^, km Bokovpto^ vtto 
T&p dpTnro'\^T€vofi€POi>p fieorrck)? elprjaOcUt Si' okiytov 
pfjfiaTtop T^ irloTei KOkl T0Z9 €PpoIm<; t&p irparfpATcap 



IV. FREEDOM OP HELLAS PROCLAIMED 
BY THE ROMAN GENERAL FLAMINIUS. 
(Lib. XVm. cc. 27-29. B. C. 196.) 

Kara top KMpop tovtop ^kop he ttj^ ^Pdp/r)^ ol Se- 
ra, St* • &p €/jb€XKe ')(€i,pic€<tOm Ta Kara tow ^EXKrfpa^:, 
KOfju^oPTe^ TO T^ avyKXriTOv Soy/ia, to irepi t^ irpo^ 
^IktwTTOP elprjpTf^. ^Hp si Ta avpexpPTa tov SoyfjuiTO<: 
Tavra • " Tov<i fikv aXKom "EXKrjpa^ TraWa?, toiJ? re J 
Kara ttjp Actap km Kara ttjp Evpanrrjp, eXevOepox;^ 

V7rap)(€lP, KM POflOl^ J(pfj<T0at T0t9 iSloi^ • T0V9 Se TaT' 

TOfiepov^ inro ^iKiinrop, km to^ TroXet? Ttt9 efuPpov^ 



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by Google 



460 PQLTBIOS. 

0aawft Mvpivav, JJnpwOov, ekevOep^^ d^euHU, tw 

» ^>povpiu9 ^ QVTc^ pvraarfi^dfievpv ' v€pl Se r$9 r«ar 

Kuamv eKevOepiocf^^ Tirov 4^pisifrcu irfm Upq^uo^ianf 

Kma 70 B^fjka Tq9 ^yjicXarrov ra £' aipffAc&^^Ot mm 

M (tara^paserovt: poih, irX^v vmvtm aKa^&v km t^ itaeai* 
Sfiieqpov^* BovtHU ie Koi p^/Xxa roK^Ufra, rovjwv ra 
l/i^ ^fUatf vapmuTifca, ra 5' rifuarj icara ff>opov^, bf 

Toirov Sk rov Boypairo^ iu&oOemo^ w tou9 ^£X« 

16X171/09, oi fjLsv aSXot irauT€^ evOapcm ^o'oif Ktu ir€pv* 
XO'p^h • p.6voi, Sc AlTosiKol, Bvo-^epalvovTe; hrl t^ fAtj 
rvy')(<w€w, &v i^Xiri^op, /carekaktHnf to Boyfia, (fniaicop* 
T€^, ov irpcuyfiarwv, d\\a ypafifuiroDV pLOPOP e^ew o^o 
^uid^aip. Kxii Tipa^ eKofAfiapop vr:t£mpoTffrm^ i( avrw 

20 To)P eyjpuwrwf^ irpo<i to Smaemp rov^ oKovovra^, T04r 
avra^, *'E^>ckaKOp yap, ^^ Elwu. 8vo <p(o/ita9 €P r^ 
hoyp/ni, Trepl t&p xnio iCKiinrov <l>povpovp,€PWp no* 
\&op • nyy pL€P filap, eirtTVLTTovaup e^a^iP ra? ^pov» 
pa<f TOP fiXnnrop, to? Be iro\6«9 irapaBiBopcu ^Pc^pM" 

25 0*9 • Ttpf B* erepop, i^ajopra to? <l>pot^pa<:, ekev^^pow 
TcW 7ro\€A9. Ta<: pip ovp eKev6€povp.4pa^ eir* opopus^ 
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T09 Be 7rapaBi!BopAp(v; ^PapxUoi^^ <f>ap€pip, Sri to? /cara 
rrfp EvpiaTnfP. Elpcu Be ravT(K, ^Dpeop, ^Epdrp^oP, 

K XdXxiBa, ^f)p,rfTptaBa, KoptpOop. *Ek Se rovrtotp tifOe^ 



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THB FREEDOM dt HTfcf«Ti4S PBOCLAIMED. 461 

ipujlTtm irrapxjiiv 'irtunv, Srt fi&raXafifiaiKn^t ra^ '£X/- 
Xffpitea^ ire&s^ irapa iodinrcfo *P»fuiioi, icai ytyperiu 
ft/eOdpfwa-t^ Se<ntOT&p, ov/c kkjeuOtp^evt r&v 'EXki^p^v* 
Tavra fiep oiv v*r* AlrmX&v ikeyero xdrcuc^p<o^. *0 
fie Tiro^, ipfirjcof; ix rfj^ ^EXareia^ fAere^ t&p Stica, iou » 
teaTfpa)9^ eU r^v *Apfl/evpap, irapamrlicA StetrkeUa-eP eU 
rifp Kopivdov " icfim ftapayep^fUpo^ cw^peve fiercL 
T9UT»i^, /cai St€\aftl3<xife irepi r&p SKmi^. ItKiwa^oi* 
9179 Se rffi fSip AlrmX&p Smi^oX^, Mi irurrevofjJvi/f^ 
Vttp* hfloi^, iroXXov^ letu trouctkov^ f/HfO^Kc^ero ittUi^ 10 
oBtn Xiyotn Tl'm hf r^ irffpeipltp * hcbieiew, m^ 
Arep fiovXovrai fUu rrp^ r&p ^EiK\fl^p ewckeuw oX^ 
kkffpap treptrtoLTfircurdtUt k(u koMXov trtfrtevfifiptu irapc^ 
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tov irvpb^ipopTO^ tp€K€Vt ahXa r^ rmp *tSKKr(Pwv tkev^ li 
9tpia^, iit)((»pfffr4op etrj ircanrnP t&p tovcdp, xai traaoi 
ikevOepciyreov ra^ ir^ket^ ra^ pvp friiro tiXlinrov f^pov* 
povptepo^. TavTfjp Se <rvp4pcuve jlypwOai rifP cmn 
piap ep r^ <rxfptBpmp, StA to itc/eh /iCF t&p &KK»p ip r^ 
^Pfifpp wpoS^ei^Tsffj^Odt, mi pqra^ hc^''^ '^^^ hitea irapafii 
T^ avytcXi^o¥ ta9 eproXd^, ir^pi Se XciXxiSo^ xai Ko** 
plp0ov MU AffftititpiAS^^ hnrpowfip ovtok he^wrOeu^ &a 
TOP ^Apriaxov, tpa fiKetropre^ ir/jo9 tow tcoipoif^ Pov* 
XewoPTtu irepl t&p irpoe^niiUptbp iroKeoop tcaTcL ra^ d* 
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ffp €7re)(mp irakai to»? /cOra t^ Evpwiryfp itpar^\haaw^ 
Oi finrfp, dXKa Toi^ fup Kipwdop TIto^ Sireiae to m/ye- 
6p€9t^ €krvd€povp irapaxpfh'^ ^^ '''^^ *il%<Mo£? ^TX^ 
piU^tPf Sm TOfS ef ^fpx^ 6/JU)Xoylai * top B* *AKpo/e^ 
fwdo'Pk itmi AiiiUfTpi^Ub, itai XakitiZa nraptucineTx^ m 
39* 



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462 . POLYBIOS. 

iireKjBowrff^, xai ax^Sov otto irauni^ t^ oltcovfievffi rw 
ein^av€<Trar(ov avSp&v aweXfjkudortov Sta rrpf irpeo 
ioiciav T&v dnrofifio'Ofiepwv, woXKol fcai irouuko^ maJBi* 

.€ tkqv Ttflf ircmffopw ivhrimrov l^Aym * r&p flip aSwa* 
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vmv KOi iroKemv * r&v Be Siopi^ofiepfov, in rSw §jyk» 
hrufxumy etvai Sotcovprmv riirwv atroirrf^ovra^ rem 
Se ifxurraaiap {mv e)(Qvra^ eXdrro^, jfpeUuf Sk ripf airrift 

\Qvap4yea6(u Bwofj^epov^, KaBefyvtru Em toutov^ €v- 
r€a>9 eireoeiKwa-ap avroi koJo auT(»v, out rij^ irpo^ aXr 
Xi^Xov^ eup€<r$\oyia^, Toutvrrf^ S* 0&7179 cp rah op- 
dpwiroi^ rfj^ caropca^, adpourBepro^ rov irXi^^ov? 619 to 
ardSiop eni top afy&po, irpoeKBmp 6 icqpv^, xai frunrtf^ 

16 a-dftepo^ ra irXi^fff) Sia rov o-dKiny/CToVt roSe xripvyfJM 
apfjyopevaep • " *H avytcXifro^ 17 ^Pm/iauop /cai Tiro^ 
KotpTto^, orparfjyo^ wraro^, KaTairo\Mp,rf(ravT€^ ySo- 
crtXea ibumrop luu McuceBopo^, aJHSuraf eKsvQepoxf^, 
a^povprJTOV^, d<j>opo\oyrJTOv^, pofiot^ j(peDpJpov^ T0I9 

soiraTpioi^, KopwOlov^, i(»tcia^, AoKpoih, Evfio^h, *Aj(eu-^ 
01/9 Tov^ i0t(DTa^, MdyvfjTO^, OerroKov^, Zleppcufiov^r 

KpOTOV S €P apJ(CU^ €V0€Oi>^ e^iUCiOV J€PO/M€POVp rAV€9 

fjL€P ovS riKovacuf rov tefjpvyfiaro^, rtpe^ Se iraktp axoth- 
eof €J3ov\opro. 1% Si iroXxf fiepo^ r&v avOpmTrnop, BuMr 

86 irujTOVfiepop, kcu Sokovp axrcofel koO* mrpop aicovup r&p 
Xeyo/iepap, But ro irapaZo^p rov avfipcUpopro^ • tto? 
T^9 €f aXXi79 opiiffi €^oa irpoaayew rop tcr^pvKa luu rop 
(raXirtytcT^p eU piaop ro aroBiop, kcu \eyew Traktp 
virep r&p ain&p * m pip €p4)l Boxel, jSovXop^pmp r&p 

mivdpmrci^p p^ p^opop dxovetp, oKXa mi fiKeiretp rw 



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THE FREEDOM OF HELLAS PBOCLADfED. 463 

yJeyovrOf hta rrflf avurricaf r&v avayopevofMevwv. '/29 
Be *jr<iKiP 6 /crjpv^f 7rpo<r€\0a>v ei^ to fi^cov, fcai Kara^ 
(ncanrjaafJLevo^ Bca rov (raXirty/crov top dopvfiov, avt^ 
yopevae ravrOf teal ixraimy; ich frpoadev' rtjiKiKOVTOP 
awk^ tcarappayfjvM rov xporov, eoare fcai firj pqiuD^ i 
ap imo TrjP Ippoiap af/ofyeip to7^ pvp axovovci to yeyoifo^. 
*/29 Bi irore kcu KdTeXff^ep 6 fcpoTO^, t&p fi€P affkfiT&p 
am\&^ ovSei^ ovSepa Xoyop elyep Srt* TTcunre^ Be Buxr 
XoXjovptc^, oi fjL€P aXXrjkoiq, ol Be 'rrpo^ 0^)0^ avTOV^, 
olopel irapcuTTaTtKoi tos; Biapola<: ^ap * A tau pkera 10 
TOP arfSipa Bia t^p wrep^oXrjp Ttfi ^apa9 fwepov Bie- 
^Oeipap TOP TItop eirxaptarovPTe^, Oi fikp yap aPTO- 
^aXfifjaoi KOTa irpoa-onrop luu acmfjpa Trpoa-^PTjacu 
fiovXofiepoi, Tipe^ Be r^ Be^ia^ i^^naOai owovBc^optc^, 
oi Be woTCKol trre^pov^ hrippiwroPTe^ kcu \rip>piaicov^t ii 
wop* okiyop BieXua-ap top ap0p€Oirop. 



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HATS A N I A S. 



I CAPTURE OF KORINTHOS, AND BUB- 
JUGATION OF HELLAS TO ROMK (Lib. 
VIL o. 16. B- C. 146.) 

M^fjifjLU)^ Se ^OpeoTfiv Sfia dfydfievo^, rov nrporepop 
hrl T^ AoKeBcufjLOvuop Suu^opqi kcu ^A')((u&v ikOoprOg 
oj^ucero fiev Tre/Dt opffpov €9 to twv ^PcDfUiicbv arpa* 
revfui, atroir^fji'^wi Z\ €9 McuceZovlav MereKKov Ktu 

Boaov ehrero efceiPtp, avtfievev auri^ hf r^ ^ladfi^ r^v 
TToaav ddpourOriviU 'jrapaaKevrflf. ^E^Uero Se linru^v 
fUvt vevroKoiriol re kcu TpurxtKuji'^ rov trefyv he 
apiBfio^ eyevero e^ fivpuiZa^ Svo * irpoaovT<ov /ecu 
TovToi^ Tpia-^tkitDV • hrfjKBop h\ Ktu to^otcu Kpfjre^, 

10 /cal Ik Ilepyd/iov r^ i/irep EjxtKov ^iXoTroifj/qv arpar 
TKOTO^ arfODv irapa ^AttoKov. Mofifutx: flip S^ rore 
€^ ^IraXla^ ripa kclI ra eiriKovpiKa airtardpcd Svo re 
KCU ScKa erafe araZlot^, trpo rov irapro^ elvcu crpa" 
rev/jbaro^ i^vKoKrip, A'^auii Se, exppToap d<l>v\cucTor€pop 

16 vTTo <f>popi^fjMro^ tS)p * PoD/jMitDP, hrirlOepTCU roU eni 
^vXaKr}^ airroU rfj^ irptoTq^it Kcii tow fihf ^opevovtrh 
irkeiova^ he eri €9 to aTparoTrehop Kareip^av, kcu 



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CAPTUSE OF KOEINTHOS. 4()5 

dairlBa^ Z<rcnf t€ imnatcoaUu; elkov. ^Airo rovrov 
fi« rov ipyov icai eirrjpOffaap ol ^A^cuol wo^TjcaaOai 
TTJv e^Bov irpSrepop, nrpiv ^ ^PmfUiiov^ apx^tp /m^x^v. 
*/29 Be dvretr^^ Kxi i M6fifJUo<;, oi fup 69 ro iTrm- 
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rif; *P(Ofiaiiap vmrov futjBe rrjv irp^rrfv S^oSov virO' 
p^ivavre^* o Be irei^9 frrparo^ oBvpm^ piv et^ev €ir\ 
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ifrXtrucov rov *Pm/MM9V, pM^dfiepol re r^ irXn/jOei leai 
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ovvre^ Kara ra rr\a/yui h reXea» rov^ *A)(cuov^ ^u^ 
y^ icarifrrriaav. El Be erdKfifja'eif iaBpafieiv fier^ 
ripf pi^X'^v Alaio^ h Kopvv9ov» mu vtroBd^aafftu r^ 
relyei tov9 Buviritrrovra^ he r^ <t>vyfj^, k&u ^paaffai i$ 
rt trapa Mofifilov ol ^Axatol ^CKavOpomov ^Bwqffrf* 
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re9. ffvp Be apj(pfiepmf e*n epBiBovai r&v *Ay((uSv, 
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vofiepo^ 69 *Aj((Uov^ ijjLOio^ ^ /em KaXKl<rrparo^ i » 
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hnrapxrifftam h SitceXla, ^e *A0fjva2oi /uiX Xavi oX* 
Xoi rov ariXjov fjuereayriiceaav^ dwmXovro irpo9 t^ 
irorafjt^ r^ ^A<fivapq>, rovrto r^ KahXiarparf trapi-- 
(rye rokfia Bufcir^a-ai Bca r&v froXefiUDP, a/yovri roif^ «5 
ifnrea/i;. *Ih Be ro iroXv dm^iaa^aev avr&p 69 Kara 
vtpf, avi<Trp€^>€V irricm rfju avrffv aiOts SSov e? Sv' 
pOKOvtra^, /liapird^tnne^ Be hreip&vro ro *Affrjval<»p 
trrparinreBop • xarafiiKXei re Saop vepre ef avr&p, 
kai rpaufuira hrlicaipa avro^ leai o tmro^ Xafiopreq^ 



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466 PAUSAHIAS. 

^/);^€, JHU eT€X6im7<r€y aino^ iicotHrm^. Aituo^ £f 
*ilxaiov9 cnroX^Xeid^f MeyaXinrdklrai/i K tu cm t rw e^ 

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€? jynifjLaTa fr\eov€(ia9f, eoua/uu^ & scai r^ €9 tot 
Bauarov tetXiop* *Aj(auip Se oi €9 KoptpOop afm a w 

10 fiarre^ fLcra rifif f^i^fpf cnrempacfeov tnro wicra evBui * 
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r&v irv\&p, hreixep €9 t^ KdptvOop vapeXjff€Uf, vwo* 
KoBr^Oal Tiva hnv^ rov reiyov^ imoirreiwv eveBpatf 

itTpirif Bff rjfUpff libera ripf fMip^i/ §pef re Kara Kpir 
ro^t KaH €Mue Koptvdov. TSup Sk €y/caraXffif>0Gnw9 
TO /Acy iroXif ol *PwfAaIo^ ^vevovdi, ytwaitca/i S< km 
ircuBa^ anr&irro Mofifuo^i * anreboro S< kcu oucera^t 
oaoi r&v €9 €Kev0€ptau a^Baneiv Koi fia^eaa/i&mp 

»/Mera *Ay(ai&v firfre evOu^ vnv rov woXJfJuw ro epjop 
eredvi^Kea-av. ^ApoOtffiarcDV Be Koi rov aXKov KoafAov 
ra pip pAXurra opriKOPra €9 Oavpara dprjjero * ra 
Be IkcIpoi^ ovx opolov Xoyov ^tXxmolpepi 6 Mofi/ao9 
r^ wap ArraXov arparffy^ St8a>cr£* Koi ^v Hepya^ 

tBp^poU fcai €9 epe en Xa^vpa KopipOuu IloXepop 
Be iffoi ^PoDpoMP epavrla eiroXep/fjaaPp Telyri piep 6 
Moppu>^ KareKve, Koi SrrXa cufyppeiro, irpip ^ kcH avp/^ 
fiovXov^ aTToaraXfjpcu rrapa *PmpaK»p» '/29 Be a^ir 
Kopro ol avp avr^ fiovXevaopepoi, epravOa BffpoKpor 

iOT«a9 pip Karewave, KoBlararo Se airo np/r^parmp rcA 



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CATASTBOPHE. 467 

mpxofi* tcei ^/909 re €Ta)(0V i^ ^EXXaBi, ictu ol ra 
XP^fJMTa «j^oirr€9 eiwiXvovTO €P t^ vTrepopia tcraaOai* 
ovp&pia re Kara edvo^ ticcurrov» to *A')(fuSnf^ icai ro 
iv fm/eeutrof, fj Bot^roU, ^ erc/MB^i irov rfj^ 'JBX- 
XaBo^, scareKeKuTO 6/JU}lei>^ travra. "Erea^ Se oi iroX" ft 
XaSq torepov erpanrovro h eKeov *Pa>fAaSo^ r^ *E\r 
XaSo9, scai aweSpia re Kara eOvo^ dnroSiSoaaip exa^ 
aroi9 ra apxfua, tuu yfjp ev r^ xnrepopuf kraaOeu* 
a^ttjicav Se tuu Sa-op^ eirhfiepKriKe^ Mofifuo^ ^tffiuw 
Bourrov^ re yap ^HpaK\emr(u<: fuu Evfiow raXatfraio 
inaripi km ^A'Xfuov^ AoKeta^/xovloi^; Suucoaui exeKevaev 
eKTurai* Tourwp piep S^ a^a-iv irapa *P(Ofiauov €0- 
povro ^EXSa)ve^* ^efiwv Be m kcu 69 efie anreareK' 
TijiTO. KaXoviTi he oit^ *£XXa8o9> oXX' ^A')(ata^ rffe* 
jMva ol *P^iJLcuo^, twr^ exi^ipma-anrro "EXXrjpa^ Si ^AycuF' is 
&Vf rare rov ^EXKrfviKov irpoetrrfiKOTcav, *0 Be iroke/to*: 
eayev ovto9 reKo^, ^AvriOeov fjbcp *AOrjPff<nv apypvro^, 
^OkvfAnriaBi Be e^tuurr^ irpo^ rcw hcarov, fjp epl/ca 
^UBwpo^ X^cv^pio^. 



IL CATASTROPHE. (Lib, VIL a 17.) 

'£9 Snra^ Be aadepeia^ rare pAXurra tcarfjKOep 17 s 
^EXKas, XvpMpdeUra Kara pteptf, kcu BuviropdrjOelaa e( 
apx^ ^^ ^^^ Balp^opo^, '^Apyot pJp, h irXe'iarop 
a^ueop^ni Bvpap^c^ ttoXi^ eni r&p KaXovfAevwp ^peiH»p, 
ofiov r^ parafioXy r^ €9 Aei>pUa^ eireXifire, ro eK rtfi 
rvyri^ evp^pei. To Be e0po9 ro *Arrucop, airo rovi 



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46d PAU8A1IIA8. 

tI^'Kcm0Vpff<rlon^ 'jroXJfWv k€u view r^ Xoi^utSov^ m 
Peytc&p re km avOii aPav^fmfi&faPt eteam f/itfXXsv «v 
iroXXoK itrrepov 17 Mwteiivmv oic^ tcaffaiprja-eufi^ km* 

9 TO *A\^^aii^pov firjjPifjM Aatcehmkjunpiav^ fie 'fiiro/uv^y* 
&K o BfffiauK. Kai €iv0t^ i ^Ajffuw wiXapo^ ey4^ 
vera, iti ^ mu ptiyi^, in ix Sei^pc/v XekufifffBonn^ 
kdi eieh ta irXeiop0, dpefiKaumftr^p im rjf? 'JBXXoSd^ 
r6 *Aj(aUeip* fuu dvri^ 4 fcaida tS/p crp&rifffinanibv 

10 efcoXoftHTOf in av^opifieikfp. Xpiv^ Sk tartpop e9 N/- 
ptbva 17 fiaaiKxia irtptSjKl^e 4 ^P^fuUmp* xai hueUhpetp 
6 Nepebv A^iri&iv Sn-dvTiev, oKKa^fifp tr/m S^fAOP wat/tf^ 
&afi€vo^ rifp ^PtifuUioP^ S^pBi^ yip tip p^ov e? rik 
pLoKurta eviaipbova mnl *Sxk£^ e'<f>lo'tP aPte^eeiKim^ 

H^Airi^vTi oSv h ToCto pun roS Nepmvaq to €pjap 
opOorara eiptf/cepeu tTxdt&fp ifpaipefo 6 *Apiarmvo^, 
iinxr c^/e^pbara pjeyitH tttu rttXpJipyafrl i<mp iirtppp* 
icora, 6v t&p imivxiprcirp iHvai rairra cMpmwp, ^ftv 
j(ffi Si j€vpaia/i wro armov irailbeia/i iie^Omppbiprft* 

io Ov p^ ^EKKfprl ye e^eyevero ovaadai rov S<ipov * 
Oieawcuriavov yap pera Hepwpa ap^avro^p €9 ept^v- 
\mv arcuTw irp<nf)(j3riaavt teat a^^ vvoreKw re aZ* 
0t^ o aieaitii&Cavin ittpai fpipudv Kcu iatavew heekev^ 
aev ifyepLovo^p avop^pLoOfjicepa* ^1^0*09 ripf eXevOeplop 

tfTO 'EXkffPUCOP. 



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t" 



NOTES. 



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NOTES. 



DIODOBUS SICULUS, OB SIKBLieTBa 

This author was bom at the town of Agyrium m Sicily, 
whence his designation as the Sicilian. He was a contem- 
porary of Augustus. He trayelled eztensiyely in Europe and 
Asia, for the purpose ^f collecting the materials for a uni- 
versal history. He Inrod a long time at Bome, engaged m 
studies and investigations bearing reference to the same 
great work. Having spent nearly thirty years upon its prep- 
aration and composition, he gave it' the title of Bi/SXco^io) 
*Iirropu:^, Historical Library. The work was divided into 
thre^ sections, and comprised forty books. Large portions 
of this valuable work are lost The first five books, and 
from the eleventh to the twentieth, remam entire. Of other 
portions considerable fragments remain, and Ezcerpta or 
selections given by Photius, or preserved in the Eclogaa of 
Constantino Porphyrogenitus. 

The extracts here given are from the Fourth Book. 

Page 1, 1. 6. Umpiag^ constructed with Karai(l>pop§uf. 

9. dvcTf^unroy, difficult to he attained^ or accomplished. 

Page 2, 1. 1. ^^ovn^y, this^ i. e. the return of the Hera- 
cleid». 

6, 7. fraawf .... o^cuoXaylor, have made the most careful 
study of antiquity^ or archaology ; have devoted to diis 
branch of the subject special attention. 

12. rhv ai&va^for ever. 



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47B HOTSa 

18. ravnif. /3{|3Xov understood. 
18. vopodofoXoyov/ioo, rdaUd as marveb. 
26. oUttoi^^ iuitahle^ appropriate^ fitting. 
Page 3, 1. 6. MKp&niitMw^ has prevailed or heeame , 
leiUt or the admitted opinion. 
8. ^ty»^ I mean, 
15. dtoBmif^ dispdsUidks^ fuciitiei. 

23. ifpoofffopt^^ tide. 

24. t6p .... iartmitawns^ HiHgi^Hg the mntabU retuom. 
26. wtptunuip^ to secure to. 

29. hn..^ xp^^f^fi"^ ^"^^9 <V^ 
Page 4, L 2. wtptym>fitmH9^ resulting ; the results or con- 
sequences of. 
II. Jandoxisi reception ; L 6. fktoMibld rdcepdon. 

14. difakJiiromn^ ftttUKd Of pwtpOSlb OT Object, vJb iImM 
Uestroy. 

i9, 20. rfy • . . . li^cTo, bestowed the designation. 

25. yir, emphasizing particle, calling partictdar iitfentioii 
to the fects mentioned. 

Page 5, 1. 8. ^(woviW, dkiianding the tmrender of. 

12, 13. r^r . . . • iR^oirXUr, ^ piuu^lies (Mdts of amRn) 
ftat were suspended hp naUs. 

14. IdMM-iie^r, private ; L e. b the possession of prhale 
jf>er8ons. 

18. vpo<r6ytufj was marchings or nun>ing against. 

28. irajpcunrcorj^y, having forced his way in. 

26. r^ irap6do(op^ the extraordinary character bfihe deed. 
Page 6, 1. 6 -8. btAn .... ^^tiyao^ar, fAo^ K wotf decreed 

hy the gods J that he (Hercules) should perform twelve labors^ 
and^ having accomplished thiSj should obtain immortality. 
Observe the relation betweeu the aorist nrXc<nu and the future 
Ttv(€ad<u ; the former expressing the act simply, and the 
latter passing indefinitely hito the future time. 

iO. od rrjw tvxowrapy an idiomatic form of expredrioOt 
literally, not the common onSj i. e. a very great one. 

10, 11. T^ . . . . dcir. The construction of tins dause k, 



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i DioDostrff ncuLua 4is 

ZKfimri diU fto^d^, k ^. X., he Judged Oe Mnf oVKged U 
eerve^ 6ui. 

17. /iTff/SdXffTo, he attempted. 
2a imckipm^^ dedMng. 

35. ttpUfof ^ttofUmtp^ having resohed to undergo* 

26, 27. 2^oF .... Xcorra. 2^oF and die Icdlowing clause 
wn IB apposiuoikr 

Page 7, 1. 1. Tfuft^. The Bidrintaiir is sdl pointed out, 
and the features of th& toq^ ai^d hHly region where the 
scene'of this legend is laid still 43erve to eicpkin ilnd illustrate 
it The dde of the mountain is pierced with cayems, which 
might noiw serve for Ae retreat of wild beasts, and doubtless, 
in the primitive ages, before lidns and other fierce animals 
had been driven off by die eflcroacAmlenis of man, did serve 
for their dens. 

7, 8. wtfMfUPot^ having put around Mmeelf^ having clothed 
himse^with ; the reflexive force of the middle voice. Hei^ 
cules is generally represented widi &e Uon*8 skin. 

14. icarh X^ybr, Vfith reasok. 

18. ha.... a^ttirot, thai he might cheek M flow of the 
blood. 

20. t6 .... fiiXotj the weapon hurled. 

26. hr* aurijt rijf pu&x^it^ at the moment of the battle. 

29. ^WxrtiMF, the particle &^, from the preceding clause 
qualifies the verb. The difficulty of the contest was, that, if 
he left the boar his ftdl strength, he would have been in 
danger from his teeth ; but if he dedt him too heavy blows 
he would have killed him, and &b the labor would have been 
unaccomplished accbrding to the conditions. 

Page 8, 1. 1. TafiuwrditMvot .... avfifitTplaif^ having t<tken 
exactly the tneaeure ; i. e. having exactly adapted his efforts 
to the requirements of the case, he carried off the boar alive 
to Eurysdieus. 

4. ''A/M .... sporro^MCff, literally, together with theeo 
things being done ; while these things were going on. 

^* (firiocf, with hospitahle entertainment. 

40« 



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«74 BOTES. 11 

9y 10. wmpm nM ir O t u ^ had dqMtledt plfioad, or loft widu 

13. vopayyffXuv, the direction^ or charge. 

16. dcourrp^^MUf were nutde franHe, 

23. auToppiCow^ roots and aU^ or torn up by the roots. 

25. vvo<m(ff, ma in taining ku ground ; keeping his post, 
and meeting the onset 

26. rwr ir/xMcarffipy«r/icMMr, the tkingi prooiomtly aecam- 
pliahed ; his former exploits. 

29. ffptttrfiMPfi from ^pcift^, mpported^ standing upon. 

P^ 9, 1. 9-12. *E^* . • . • {Httk6i»fiaw^ Upon which U 
happened that Hercidee was greatly admired ; for the one 
(Eurystheus) he hated indUndmallp (or f<Nr perscxial reasons) 
a$ his enemy ; hut the other (Halcyone, sister of Eurystheus), 
who was outraged^ he thought to eacd in virtue^ pitying her; 
that is, although he hated Eur3rstheus as his enemy, yet he 
did not extend his hatred to Halcyone, who had been violated 
•by Hermodus the Centaur, but, pitying her for her sufierings, 
came to regard her as of superior yirtue. The sentim^it of 
the passage reminds one of the often quoted ^^ Pity is akin 
to lore.'' Another construction would be to connect Ac6r 
with MTffXdfi/SavffF, and to consider hntut^tUf, as referring to the 
placable character of Hercules : ** He, in his generosity, 
thought pitying her to be the better part '' ; but this construc- 
tion is rather violent, and the other is to be preferred. 

18. 6 . . . • xpccrror, which has become better than a glorv" 
ous column ; the reason for which assertion is given in the 
next clause, viz. because the mountain, being named PholoS, 
shows by its designation, and not by an inscription (such as 
was usually placed on the sepulchral on^Xi;), who it was that 
was buried there. 

Page 10, 1. 9, 10. iiqltrww .... ^r<(^, making a great 
noise^ with the brazen ratde. 

Page 11, 1. 1. wmnffvfMfy general assembly ; any meetiBg 
for festal purposes, but more especially the great games of 
Greece. 

9. v€piytpt<r6<u^ to overcome. Tlie great superioriQr of 



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m DIODOBTJS SZCULUa 47ft 

Hercules eonsiflted in the fact that he conquered in comhats 
of such a variety of character. 

13- 15. OIk .... dprrffv^ R is not fitting to omit the re* 
wards lestawed on him by the gods on account of his virtue. 

16. iSWiircif, relaxations^ amusements^ or indulgences. 

20. rijs fup^ referring to Athena* 

21. Toi? dc refers to Hephffistoa,— Vulcan. 

Page 12, 1. 5. fo . • . . Ai6si It is a common idiom of the 
Greek to say that such a one. is of such a father, instead of 
the son of such a one. . So here, because they toere of father 
jSeuSj means, because they were the sons of Zeus^ 

6. vpoalptmw^ purpose^ pl^'f^i or aim in life* 
. 14. T^ . • • • ^nrovr, the mares of Diomedes the Thraeian. 
This labor of Hercules in alluded to more especially in the 
Alcestis of Euripides. 

19. cbcXf^potWtty, the unfortunate. 

20. 21. jcol . • . • Zirx€Wf and having satiated ihem with the 
flesh of him who taught ihem to he outrageous^ he got them to 
be obedient. 

24. rTjp 4inyoi^y the breed. 
• Page 18, 1. 2. ^m(kw, from kimj.ot from that circum* 
stance. 

12, 13. 6ivTtp<» .... dynrax^cmi, she found her opponent 
sharper (L e. a strcmger or sharper fighter) than herself. 

Page 14» 1. 1. *Aiia{<Mt». The form d^op^r, = *A^. 
f<Wf , occurs in Pindar. 
: 5. dfrfX^pMrvv, he surrendered^ for a ransom. 

8. wp6s .... Ktiektftiiwis^ resting upon the oceauy bordering 
upon it 

21. cLcoXov^ttff, in accordance mM, constructed with the 
following dative. 

24, 25. (r<l>6dpa .... trrpanlat, for the island is by nature 
extremely well situated for military eayteditions to every part 
of the world ; €^^tw9, naturally well^ well suited by nature. 

Page 15, 1. 3. nn^pfp, he came to anchor^ landed* 

9* i$fiupma99i he doUized. 



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fit ions. • 

9». fhit^, af$eri>mh; dttribgtb Iks fMB of W 
serpents sent by Hen to destitrf the fn&Bt Heiefdee in his 
enniis. 

25. rifp Swvdptm rft A49^t <As iMtferlMi re^rioft cfLih^a. 
The genitiTS partitiTe ; but the paothiTe e^piessioB », by an 
idiomatic construotidoy pot in tiw ss^kie gender widi the Addn 
ttt diS' gsniUve* 

96. ttar4^^ wM mdtmred. 

SO. «^ • . • • ioiipair, to ieemd times. 

Page 16, L & #o)kXi)r Aifi^ Bso note to ^eeedmg 
page, 1. 25. 

8. frpoMi&tmj tf flAaZZenfe, i e. haring thallen^ thOnu 

10. duMft^pKurfUpm^famtous^ oelebritsd far sad wide. 

13. ffF dmp€at9, as gifts f by way of pTesent 

17. fiixp^ • . . • jcoipAr, ddwm t9 &ur times^ 

19. buMd^i to dssaribe partimhrly^ to maOian As 
dttmOi. 

22. fym^ he resohedj he formed the concepddn dr piv^ 
pose. 

P^ 17, L 3. ff# . ;^. Muirrf, Ms ssii ty HI, tbSt 1% 1» 
Mediterranean Sea. 

7. Xi^&Mf«vinyt9 Aetflf eos^ed imU. wUer* 

15* MinN^ Ms Mlfii^an tenitory; yfr tmdeiBtobd. 

26. Bovro, gen. of Boimif , Dorie foftn. 
80. Xc^RtMTiu, ore 26ft ikan^fM short of. 

Ptige 18, 1. 28. Xflysr^ flytir, <o seb^rofe, o^ hoSp wfUk 
splendor. 

Page 19, L 6v ^' Iinyr, equdtty loUh, constructed fnlh die 
foHowing dative. 

26. U ycMT^ff .... TfKifMwn^ cuUioate the hmr^ sacred t^ 
lolaosfrom thetr Jnrih. 

Page 20, 1. 8, 4. wapKxf>nv^ • • • • nmjCaf»mmtiihsy say HW 
immediatdy those who are ^ieted tsOk the rforesaid disease 
are restoihed. 

5,6. iMtamitnu....wapiirni<rwf. With the fiist soAie ofter 



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IV DI0D0«Cf9 SECULUa 0ff 

feptb Qiuflt be atapplied, as c^^r, junce wagiar^man^w only be 
predicated of 0wr(as, It ia a commoQ GUeek constniotioa, 
found frequently in the beat writers, to connect together 
several clauaes, the reader or hearer supplying the verb or 
yerbs that belong to all except the last 

10. BuunmSffuUd hands^ or companies* 

18. ttvKkmB^is T^ *AdfUtu^i tracing made the drcuU of tk$ 
Adriatic. 

24. fKT^ax'f ^ partioipaUd iu^ be was initiated in, the 
Eleusinian mysteries. 

Page 21, 1. 2. wap€Kfi6wra9i d4gres9%ng* 

22. mpi miT&9. A repetition of the gepitive at the begin* 
ning of the sentence ; strictly speaking, it is pleonastic 

Page 22, 1. 26. ivmnyyiTorairtfai, the infinitive of continuous 
narrative, depending on Xtyouo-iy, at the beginning of the 
page. 

27, 28. rifif vArt avwifinuip^ the then OMtom, or usage. The 
idioms of the Greek and Englbh, in regard to the use of the 
adverb in an adjective sense between the article and the noun, 
coincide. 

Page 23, 1. 2, 3. rdr .... mnrUntmf^ of the yofuUis of d%$* 
tinction ; literally, of the youths in eminences, or in eminent 
positions. 

11. oMr riy <r7cXX(i/K9(or, k. r. X. refers to Jason. 

17, 18. tfff ^ . . . . irpcMrayopcvtfvTiiir, a$ ifU were from tie 
ancients calling t6 raxp (speed) dpySv." The particle &r quali- 
fies some verb to be supplied. 

25. TocauTor, such ; i. e. such as the following. 

28. mfTot .... mXoyoitf, eent yp a maneterfrom the eea. 
Page 24, L 6. rovs mprnia w r as ^ those who ehoM quee* 

tion^ persons to question. 

9. t6 Xax<$r, the allotted portion. 

10, 11. iwavtk$€7p tlsy the lotfeU upon. 

13. Mi2 . . . . diytak6p, and that he^ having secured her by 
chains (or bonds), left her on the shore, 

17, 18. iwayyt^aa^M .... tafros^ promised the ki9$g that 
he would slay the monster. 



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478 VOTBS ti 

25. w fyt mt at • . • . vpoKphaawf. The genitiTe depends on 
rpo in composition : having preferred kindness to kindred. 
Page 25, ). 5. airoycM*cric<$yr«ir, despairing of. 

6. rfXeriJff, the mystery of initiation^ in the Samothracian 
rites. 

7. rotf 2afMq(i^ the Samoihracians ; that is, the Cabiii^ 
ieities supposed to rule the sea and the storm. 

19. M . . . . dcMpvyfUMMff, buried for punishment. The 
fetory of the sons of Phineus, punished in consequence of the 
slanderous reports of their step-mother, is alluded to in the 
Antigone of Sophocles, v. 1090. 

Page 26, 1. 7. vntpBourro^ should outrun ; mid. of ImtpBim. 
The active form in the present is more commonly used. 

8. ^nwu^ .... ^oaropyla»^ the natural affection ol 
larents for their children. 

9. avfoikimfras .... *HpaieXca, Sailing with HercuUs and 
kis company, ol irtpl ripa is an idiomatic expression for die 
•erson referred to and his attendants. 

14. Bappdpw^ partitive genitive. 

20, 21. roiff .... dpxnp^ that he returned to the sons of 
Phineus their hereditary kingdom. 

25, 26. 'r$r .... ^oyaror, condemned his daughter to death ; 
a common construction in judicial language, the penalty in 
]he accusative, and the person condemned in the genitive, 

e. TMuym. Boporop Korh Ovyarp6s^ to decide death agavMt his 
iaughter. 

Page 27, 1. 11. irpwrtrx^uf^ landed. The traditions atloded 
o in the following sentences were more than once treated 
n the Attic tragedies, especially in the plays of Euripides. 
The mythical scene of human sacrifices has recently become 
tie scene of bloodier rites than any practised in heathen 
imes. 

19. iraptK^curf^s, digression, 

28. dup€yKfiv miL&njTi^ surpassed in cruelty^ were of sur- 
^^assing cruelty. 

25, 26. f r . . . . ajrorvxiotff, in failures of success^ when 
unsuccessful. 



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• DIODOBUS glCULUa 4<3I 

29. wupop .... jtUrywmw^t fnade trial hy mingling. 

Page 28, 1. 4, 5. kv .... dtmnfuurSfjwai^ was famed far ani 
near for her cruelty. 

12, 13. ivti^ikUuf .... t^iioKtiasy she left to another itt 
exceeding her in the devising of poisons ; she made it im • 
possible for any other woman to exceed her skill m the ar 
of poisoning. 

27. wpoaipivti i w a v r im fr ^ Tfi^ for a very different purpose 
literally, for a most opposite purpose. 

27, 28. diorcXcii' .... mMvmvy for thai she continually 
rescued those strangers who landed there from dangers 
The use of the genitive in such sentences is a more precise 
expression of the thought than the English idiom allows. 

29 - p. 29, 1. 2. jcol • • . • aor^aXc^, and sometimes sh^ 
besought with supplication^ and in the way of favor ^ th% 
safety of those who were about to perish^ and sometimes 
releasing them from prison herself she provided for their 
security. 

Page 29, 1. 4. irpoMitur^M .... xf^/ioy, adopted the cu^ 
tom of slaying strangers. 

7, 8. tU .... (fnikoK^Py literally, put her into free prison 
the meaning of the phrase seems to be, that he placed her 
under watch, and restrained her within certam limits, withoi - 
placing her in close confinement 

10. Ka£t tv dfi. By the Greek idiom the relative is oflet 
used where we employ a demonstrative ; about which time 
instead of about this time. 

15. ^fAfp^mra^ humanity y kindliness of disposition. 

18. dth ... . ffv(rc/3ciay, on account of her piety towards 
strangers. 

21-28. r^v d^ . . . . xP^^p^ and that Jason gave pledges 
with oaths that^ having married her^ he would have her for 
the partner of his life during the whole time of living 
Observe the Greek use of the future €^», to express what was 
future at the moment of the action in question. 

25, 26. mkX .... dipo9y in search of the golden feece. 



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MO IIOT|». r: 

feet ; the proposed history. 

Page 30, 1. 9, 10. Koraarp^i t6p fil^^ wiU end his Kf^ 
or lose his li^* 

12. icoru^i^, JU ardained^ or qppauUed by puUic deeb- 
nttioQ. 

14. imprjPM^ with the genitiye, to step upon^ to come ta 

16, 17. c^* &y . . . • /iMwr, ^Mi toMeA ctraomeaitceg 
marvellous fables were ismesfted among the Greeks, 

25, 26. T^t^' Xry6itna^ And that the things rdated 

concerning Phriaeus are anmeeted with a similar wtythologfy 
or fabulous invention. 

27, 28. wfwroftl^ .... Kpuw^thehead cf aram ; dltefigars- 
head of the ship was a iam*s head. 

29. ^w^opownw . • . • vami^ husng uneasy hy reason of 
sea-sickness. 

Page 31, 1. 4. ^EponruAs df irjfima rov mtMsy being in hoe 
with the boy. The adverb with Ix* is frequently used as 
•n adjective with tLm = ipau-tshw Ihfra. 

7. Tv&rjptuy from 6v». 

18- 15. irp6s d^ . . . . ^vXiw^r, and besides that^ he covered 
the skin with gold^ in order that^ on account of the show^ it 
might be thought worth the most careful watchbythe soldiers. 

16, 17. irp6g .... wpoaipmtfy with rrferenee to his own 
views. 

24, 25. tff ^ . . . . Ovyarptf as they would naturally do for 
the kingU daughter. The particle &r bel(»gs to a verb under- 
stood. 

25, 26. itnrwrfthms rou $l^>€a%^ with their swords drawn. 

Page 32, 1. 1, 2. vtpittnrttpayuipwTh dcpoc, coiled round the 
fieece ; middle voice, having coiled himself. 

4. T»p bi bia<l)vy6rT<av^ those who escaped^ i. e. from the 
attack of Jason and his band of warriors. 

7. /caraXa/3eiir, overtook^ caught them. 

10 - 12. tmnu .... ^o¥€v6rfvai^ then crowding (or pressing 
upon the others with the body of his supporters^ and pushing 



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m DIODOBUB SiCULUa 481 

forwmrd loM mort MUnce <Aan vftioZ, ie tM» tZatii ^jr 
Mdeager ; i. e. Aetes was slain. 

80. i$ Mfiffns wpoaip^yfiaiurra^ calling them hy name. 

Page 33, 1. 3, 4. Mm .... l^rroi, a» toon Of they $haU 
touch the land* 

13. dyaxOiwras^ having set sail, 

)4. wyHxrffyfx^rat rp Tp^poSc, orrieed ai lyoai* 

22, 28. affbfl>fiw<ur6ai .... nypcir, declared his opinion thai 
they ought to mainUtin justice totoards strangers. 

30. rcb jcara /itpos^ related the particulars. 

Page 34, 1. 7, 8. n^ .... cvi^owX^f, ^Aoje wib tAored in 
the tinges plot ; i. e. his plot against the Argonauts. The 
dative has the force of the genitire, — the plot hy the king, 
instead of the plot of the king. 

13. wpoviiaprvptuf^ adds his teetimony. 

Page 35, 1. 1. r^ ifXiie/ar, in age. S3mecdochical accu- 
salive» 

4-6. KompatraiUwfiv .... /3ioy, honing imprecated that he 
ehould suffer penalties wortiiy of his crimes^ she ended her 
life heroically^ hy stabhing her own breast with a sword, 
wara^aaap iB the participial form of expressing the mode or 
manner in which a thing is done. 

9,10. mnrnXnaoKfu.... Spfuw^ having landed at a station 
^Thessoiy. 

16 - 18. The correlative expressions oht lUv .... rtMhs d*, 
are equivalent to rpht /mt . . . . td^ ^ : for that some advised 
to attack the king unexpectedly^ having forced their way tm- 
mediately into the dty^ and others declared the opinion^ that 
they oughts each having enlisted soldiers from his own 
eountry^ to take upon themselves a common war. 

28. ctTTcZy. The subject is Medea ; that she said. 

Page 36, 1. 1 — 3. fjoj^Uwort .... nfjLaplas^ that she had 
never before used them for the destruction of men^ hut that 
now she would by their means easily punish those deserving 
punishment. 

3. r^ Kurh fUposy the particulars. 
41 



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483 NOTES. m 

7. tU fih rovro, f n (his ; L e. the image. The prepoeitioa 
properly implies motion towards^ but frequently is comiected 
with verbs that imply rest in^ so that both ideas are com- 
bined in one sentence ; here, she put into and concealed 
in. In the present Greek the preposition tU means both to 
and in. 

12. r^r 6t^^ the goddess ; that is, the statue previousfy 
alluded to. 

17, 18. hr*'.... jScMnXcft, for good fortune to the city and 
the king. 

21. dtundalfuma dco^firir, a superstitious frame of mind. 

28, 24. Jkrr« .... /3aaiXc«£, thus they believed the goddess 
was present^ about to make (or for the purpose of making) 
the home (i. e. household, family) of the king prosperous. 
The use of the present, inSpfcrrir, is, according to the Greek 
idiom, referred to the moment of the narrative. 

28, 29. ir/xKrrcroxcKOi, that she (the goddess) had directed 
her (Medea). 

Page 37, 1. 3, 4. hrayyttkourBiu .... wapi^trOai^ required 
that Medea should furnish proof s in her ownperson of these 
things. 

8. itiroxXvo-furAu, sJie washed off from herself. 

12, 13. iitTfiXkaxtnu .... w€pipk€imMf^ that .she had am* 
verted old age into the youth and conspicuous beauty of a 
maiden. 

16. hn$€tH^ptu^ to claim the hospitality of or to offer 
herself as a guest to. 

20. Korh .... hmtxowrvofy having conversed with them 
alone. 

23. npoatiKtuf .... aw/ioTi, for that it was fitting the per* 
son of the king. 

24. B^pantvBivra^ that he having been cured (the king). 
The construction of the accusative and infinitive depends 
on the preceding clause. 

Page 38, 1. 5, 6. tovtop .... Spwa^ that she should boil 
him (the old rwm) firsts and make him again a lamb. 



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m DIODOBUS SICULUS. 483 

8, 9. Moi .... ftdteXor, and that she^ Juwing cheated tJtem 
hy means of drugs^ drew forth from the caldron the image 
of a lamb. 

10, 11. Koi .... txii»^ and that they had received proofs 
of the promise ; that is, proofs that Medea would fulfil the 
promise to restore the father to the vigor of his youth. 

13, 14. idmiv .... ytn^oyroff, that Alcestis aUme^ through 
excess of piety^ abstained from her parent ; that is, from 
killmg him. 

Page 39, 1. 1, 2. tOrt .... ^wftB&trQoBai^ nor could set 
right the crime committed hy them through fraud ; that is, 
the crime which they had heen induced by fraud to commit 

5, 6. &(.... Trvxi/croy, that they had done no wrong from 
wickedness^ hut had been unfortunate involuntarily. The 
aorist tense may often be rendered by the English plu- 
perfect 

7-9. inayytikdfitvw .... irX^^, hooing promised that he 
would demean himself towards them mildly and magnani' 
mously^ he gathered the multitudes to an assembly. 

14-16. Kal .... iviffiomurdrois^ And finally they say that 
he fulfilled his promise after a time by marrying thsmwith 
the most eminent (conspicuous or illustrious) men. 

23, 24. 'Airodox^ .... irokvrtias^ and that^ meeting with 
•a great reception with Creon^ king of the Corinthians^ he 
shared the rights of citizenship. 

The scene of the most masterly of all the plays of Eu- 
ripides is laid at Corinth, and the characters are Medea, 
Jason, Creon, and his daughter. The principal incidents here 
related, and on pp. 40-43, by Diodorus, are interwoven by 
the poet into the tragedy with consummate skill. 

Page 40, 1. 6. irapaT6v'AX<f>€iop, along the Alpheus. This 
was for many ages the scene of the Olympic games ; and 
numerous ruins to this day attest the splendor with which 
they were celebrated. Here was the famous chrysele- 
phantine statue of Olympian J^eus, made by Pheidias, and 
for centuries the object of reverence to the whole Hellenic 
world. 




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484 BOTBa m 

JO. ^W«fo^ memenger^ or e4nnmi$mn^$. The same 
term was employed to decigaate the depotiee who refine- 
sented the several states at the games, and who geoeraUy 
were taken from the most eminent citoBeoa. For ^cample, 
Demosthenes once at least sonred as a $€m^ from Athens. 

17, 18. o^ . . . . MvdvpoKu The ocmstructioo of the afion- 
sative and infinitive is carried ttoough,. althongfa the last 
clause contains a ralatke piononn. laataad of saying nmrcm 
df, K. r. X., or ol irp6$vfun ^oor, either of which would seem to 
he a natural form of ejq»e8sion« the Gseek idiom penmts the 
construction here used* 

30. naawf ri^ oUouimwtfp^ the wkah hdbitahU world. 

22-24. 1^ a^ . . . . S0kaog^ And that Iks poets ^Bnaeeoma 
<^ their tmtemary 2oes of (he iMrveU&us, told the otorp^ tioi 
Bereuki alone^ and wi&mii mrmo^ performed Ike eeUbrmted 
labors. 

2^ irpooBtremt iggfyuyr, we muot add. 

Page 41, 5-8. /mt^ di.... wopOirw^ and that a^ M$^ 
as time continually stole away mere and more her personal 
(Uterally, physical or natural) beamty^ it is said that Jason^ 
having fallen in looe with Glaukl, the daughter of Cr^n^ 
woed the maiden. 

10, 11. Umxrim .... ovftfi*^o9»s^ vohaUatily to withdraw 
from the cohabitation^ L e. with Jason, llie subject of 
wftBtip is (ivn$r, which refers to Jason, and the same subject 
is continued with j3ouXc<rAu. 

26. Tcm dff, «. r. X. The story, as related here, is the 
form adopted l^ Euripides. 

Page 42, 1. 3, 4. *Eml Af/^nfm, that she went to saeh 

a pitch of anger and at the same time of jealousyy and of 
ferocity besides, 

5. pvfM^fif, the bride, ^m 

16, 17. €<c . . . . /icra<rr9<rai, he removed himself from lifo. 
The expression is unusual, and somewhat afiected. 

18. rffp . .. . irr/Nirervtar, the terribleness cfthe catastrophe. 
22, 23. Koi ..., d$tovvy and to hold them worthy ofhereU 

honors. 



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M DIODOBtTB dlCULUS. 485 

Fhge ^, I. 6. JutnTayieiTay ftotn dfroKrr&tt. 
12. KfUtrtms rvxAfy obtained trials or was brought io 
trial 

14, 15. (fyxXiT^iuray M (ftapiMaxtl^ being oecuted of tmng 
poisons ; i. e. accused of the unlawful use of drugs, or of 
magical arts. 

16. wapawiii'^vTafy those who shouJd accompany her, 

21, 32. ^anffuuriripat .... ^mpAtm^ Adt he wos admired on 
account of his bravery ^ and that he named the people Medes 
fiwn himself. 

94. TWIT ... • ei^/lBt, the Seven of Th^es ; the seven 
chiefs who, at the head of a tsoofederated army, invaded 
Thebes for the purpose of restoring FolyneHces^ one of the 
eons of GSdipus, to his rightful share in the supreme power. 
This tradition is the subject of the admirable tragedy c^ 
JBschylus, '' The Seven against Thebes. ** 

Paf^ 44, 1. 4, 5. ft]) ... . Tfoa, that it was not for his 
good that children should be bom to him; ^ reason of the 
fesponse is assigned in the following sentence of the text 
The history of Laius and his descendants, here related, is the 
basis of a large number of the best of the Greek tragedies ; 
in particular, of the CBdipus Tyrannus, GBdipus Ck>loneu0, 
and Antigone, of Sophocles. 

15. r^9 .... xnrolklkfiPy of his being a supposititious child; 
literally, ci the substitution or exchange with regard to him- 
self; of his being placed in the family of Polybus as his 
child, being the child of another. 

23- 26. UfHmBtiuvw o&typi. And a liberal reward 

being offered to him who solved ity — vix. to marry Jocasta 
and reign over Thebes^ — no other was able to know the thing 
proposed^ and that (Ed^fnu alone solved the enigma. 

Page 45, 1. 3, 4. KceraKfnnj»ltnuy threw herself down the pre* 
eipice. One of the hills north of Thebes is now called the 
Hill of the Sphinx. 

11. inif>' .... ipxn^y to reign by the year ; L e. to reign 
alternate years. 

41* 



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4B6 NOTB& M 

15. ^vycar, thai he (Polyneikes) jM, or weni imlo ItmUk' 

20. Kord n Xtfyiop, ill obedience to an orade. 

25. xH^'^l'^'^^y gratifying^ for the sake of doing them a 
favor. — /coro^ir, that he would restore. 

Page 46, 1. 6. itnfiakMm irt^ir, took it t^Km /i^€lMelDef 

18. Jkwn^ttjvofUwfis dear orpanvm^^ she having declared that 
they must maketoar, 

23, 24. »ii .. • . wtpUfmiy and^onaccowU of his conscious' 
ness of guilty fell into madness. The guilt of matricide, 
which caused the perpetration of the crime to be pursued by 
the Furies. 

Page 47, L 1. »4 . . . . ipofialim^y and while endeavoring 
to mount the wall by a ladder. The present participle ofien 
signifies attempting to do the act signified by the yert>. 

1 1. KadfuS^ The Cadmea was the citadel of Thebes. 

13. *EirfyoMH, i. e. descendants, 

14. rir . . . . ^(i^rrvf, avenging the death of their 
fathers. 

16. woKtiUuf here, contrary to general usage in the classic 
authors, is constructed with an accusative. 

21. xritratmiSy having responded oracularly. 

22. 23. riv . . . . waTp69y on account of her not only 
having received a golden chain at the cost of his father^ 
deathy &c. Observe the use of icani in this connection. 

Page 48, 1. 5, 6. tntwrrpifin^v .... cXsr^cnr, were crushed 
in their hopes. Dative of manner. 

9. Mro^myr, suggestion^ advice, 

16. diorpt^iMra, having cultivated, 

22, 23. ip6ta(€Uf KOT^. yXcMTov .... <^^^<XXa^iy, to be tn- 
spired as to the tongue^ means to predict like a sihyh 

Page 49, 1. 3. Kptovrot .... ficurtk€voyrof. The genitive 
absolute oflen expresses the idea of time within which a 
thing happened, as here : in the reign of Creon^ son of 
Menaceus, 



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• DIODOBUS SICXTLUS. 487 

22. VsmrnTo-oro, he ordained. 

Page 50, 1. 4. fyomu .... MvprCKw, having a epear^ and 
with MyrtUusfar charioteer. 

5. tl d' €<f>UoiTo^ and if he succeeded^ literally, came to^ 
attained. 

7. TOW i^L The use of the adverb M between the 
article and the word it agrees with is idiomatic, and the 
idiom signifies, not those who are always doings but always 
those who are doings that is, those who successively do or 
undertake something, or are something, — those for the time 
heing^ whoever they may he; in this case, the successive 
suitors. 

12. t<l>Sa4r€ irap<ry€p6fuPot. This verb, constructed with 
participles of other verbs, signifies to he first in doing the 
act expressed by the participle ; here, he arrived first. In 
the Modem Greek the verb signifies to arrive. 

18, 19. wpoanyiym^ brought over to himself subjected to 
his own sway. Observe the force of the middle voice. 

24, 25. r^ff 'AotW v^pi r^F, «. r. X., aioui the part of Asia 
now called^ &c. 

Page 51, 1. 6, 7. icaniip .... J^tmjialpm^ boasted (or de« 
clared) herself to be more prolific. 

11. «eararo(fv<nbn-tfir refers to both Artemis and Apollo, 
and therefore, according to the principles of Greek construe- 
tioD, is put in the masculine. 

23. €w\ Baik^mjs, near the sea. 

Page 52, 1. 2. ^ mdlf, in the plain, at the foot of the 
hills which rise east of the plain of Troy. 

6. diartlpag, having extended his march. 

9, .10. r6y . . . . iroX</if , who became most distinguished in 
the Trojan war, 

14, 15. avfifm6yri .... dvoxofuf, was snatched up to be the 
wine-presser for Zeus. 



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ft8 K0TE8. fel 

THUCYDIDES. 

This great historian was bom in the Demos of Halinitis 
trhich belonged to the tribe Leontis. His father^s name was 
Oiorus, and his mother^s Hegesipyl^. The year of hb birth 
#as B. C. 471, and he Uved till th&r the close of the Pelopon- 
nesian wtir, the date bf which is 6. C. 4iM. Ho is said to hate 
studied the rhetorical art nnder Atitiphon, the Rhamnusian. 
At all eirents, his positidti and tank at Athens make it certain 
that he receired a cultivated education, and that he mast have 
enjoyed the instruction of the best masters. He appears to 
have been wealthy, since he possessed, by marriage or in- 
heritance, a valuable property in the ^d mmes of Thrace. 
In B. C. 424, he commanded an Athenian squadron of seven 
ships at Thasos, and bemg called upon by Eucles, the com- 
mander in Amphipolis, to come to his assistance against 
Brasidas, the Spartan general, he arrived at Eion, the mouth 
of the Strymon, on the evening after the surrender of Am- 
phipolis. This was regarded as a failure by the jealous 
democracy of Athens, and Thucydides went into exile, per- 
haps voluntarily, to avoid the punishment of death, which 
was often inflicted on unsuccessftil generals. His residence 
during this period is uncertain, but he employed his time in 
collecting the materials for hb great history of the Pelopon- 
nesian war. At the close of the war, or rather at the time 
of the overthrow of the Thirty l*yrants, Thucydides appears 
to have returned to Athens, but did not long survive hb 
restoration. Both the place and manner of hb death are 
uncertain, though the authorities are generally agreed that 
he came to a violent end. In the time of Pausanias, hb 
tomb was still pointed out as near the Melitian Gate. 

We copy the following just remarks on the works of 
Thucydides from Smithes Dictionary, Vol. III. p. 1115, Art 
Thucydides. 

" A hbtory which treats of so many events, which took 
place at remote spot^, could only be written, in the time of 



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M THUCTDIDES. 489 

Thncydides, by a man who took great paiim to aflcertam feeto 
by personal inquiry. In nuxlem times facts are made known 
by printing as soon as they occur; and the printed records 
of ^e time, newspapers and the like, are often the only 
evidence of many facts which become h»tory. When we 
know the careless way in which facts are now reported and 
recorded by Very incompetent persons, often upon very in* 
different hearsay testimony, and compare with such records 
the pains that Thucydides took to ascertain the chief events 
of a war, with which he was contemporary, in which he took 
a share as a commander, the opportunities which his means 
allowed, his great abilities, and serious, earnest character, it 
is a fair conclusion that we have a more exact history of a 
long, eventful period by Thucydides, than we have of any 
period in modem history equillly long and equally eventfiil. 
We are deceived as to the value of modem historical evi- 
dence, which depends on the eyesight of witnesses, l^ the 
facility with which it is produced and distributed in print 
But when we come to examine the real authority for that 
which is printed, we seldom find that the original witness of 
an important transaction is a Thucydides ; still less seldom 
do we find a man like him who has devoted seven-and-twenty 
years to the critical enumeration of the events of as many 
years. A large part of the facts in Thucydides were doubt- 
less derived from the testimony of other eyewitnesses, and 
«ven in some cases not directly from eyewitnesses ; and that 
b also true of all modem histories, even contemporary his- 
tories ; but, again, how seldom have we a Thucydides to 
weigh the value of testimony either direct or indirect (i. 22). 
His whole work shows the most scrupulous care and diligence 
in ascertaining facts ; his strict attention to chronology, and 
the importance that he attaches to it, are additional proof of 
his historical accuracy. His narrative is brief and concise ; 
it generally contains bare facts expressed in the fewest pos- 
sible words ; and when we consider what pains it must have 
cost him to ascertain these facts, we admire the self-denial 



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490 HOTSa 9 

of a writer who is satisfied with giving fects in their naked 
turevity, without ornament, without any parade of his personal 
importance, and of the trouble that his matter cost him. A 
single chapter must sometimes have represented the labor of 
many days and weeks. Such a principle of historical com- 
position is the evidence of a great and elevated mind. The 
history of Thucydides only makes an octavo volume of 
moderate size ; many a modem writer would have spun it 
out to a dozen volumes, and so have spoiled it A work that 
is for all ages must contain much in little compass. 

*^ He seldom makes reflections in the course of his narra- 
tive : occasionally he has a chapter of political and moral ob* 
servations, animated by the keenest perception of the motives 
of action, and the moral character of man. Many of his 
speeches are political essays, or materials for them ; they are 
not mere imaginations of his own for rhetorical efiect ; they 
contain the general sense of what was actually delivered, as 
nearly as he could ascertain, and in many instances he had 
good opportunities of knowing what was said, for he heard 
some speeches delivered (i. 22). His* opportunities, his 
talents, his character, and his subject all combined to pro- 
duce a work that stands alone, and in its kind has neither 
equal nor rival. His pictures are sometimes striking and 
tragic, an effect produced by severe simplicity and minute 
particularity. Such is the description of the plague of Athens. 
Such also is the incomparable history of the Athenian expe- 
dition to Sicily, and its melancholy termination. 

•* A man who thinks profoundly will have a form of ex- 
pression which is stamped with the character of his mind ; 
and the style of Thucydides is accordingly concise, vigorous, 
energetic. We feel that all the words were intended to have 
a meaning, and have a meaning : none of them are idle. 
Yet he is sometimes harsh and obscure ; and probably he 
was so, even to his own countrymen. Some cf his sen- 
tences are very involved, and the connection and dependence 
of the parts are oAen difficult to seize. Cicero, undoubtedly 



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a THUCTDIDEa 491 

a good Gh-eek scholar, found him difficult {Orator, c. 9) : 
he says that the speeches contain so many ohscure and 
impenetrahle sentences as to be scarcely intelligible ; and 
this, he adds, is a very great defect in the language of 
political life.** 

The extract given in this place is from the First Book. 
It contains a condensed and very able sketch of the primitive 
condition of Hellas : — its migratory inhabitants ; the sterility 
of Attica, and the superior stability of its population in conse- 
quence ; its character as a refuge for the unfortunate of other 
parts of the country, &c. 

Page 53, 1. 1. y6p introduces an explanation of what was 
said in the previous chapter, concerning the civil and military 
condition of Greece in early times. 

2. ficTanurra<r€iff rt oSmu. Observe the construction <rf 
i^aiifofuu with participles of other verbs in the sense of appear^ 
ing to he^ or to have heen^ or to have done^ according to the 
participle. Here ^o/voinu is to be supplied from the pre- 
ceding clause. 

4. vird . . . . irXcud^y, by whoever happened to he superior 
in number. Observe the idiomatic use of itl. 

4 - 12. T^ff .... irofMuricffv^. This sentence is rather com- 
plicated. First we have a genitive absolute ; then the nomi- 
native or subject with the participles ; then the neuter ace. 
absolute, with several subordinate clauses. Translate liter- 
ally, For commerce not existing^ and they (the Greeks) 
not mingling fearlessly with one another j either on land or 
by the sea^ and each cultivating (or holding) of his own as 
much as he could livefrom^ and not having a superabundance 
of wealthy nor planting the landy it being uncertain when some 
other one — they being without walled towns also — would 
come upon t/iemy and deprive them (of their possessions), and 
thinking that they might easily secure everywhere tJie neces* 
sdry support of daily life^ they migrated without difficutty^ 
and for this cause were neither powerful by the magnitude 
of their cities^ nor by other means or arrangements of K/Jk 



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4n flona m 

itdptuntMftj rNen, prOteUy^ to nditary to^mg^BMiits in paf* 
tioular, 

15. lI<XoiiD w > i; < y o u rt Wk wtiXXii, a ^reof pari qf Pelcpan' 
udMtf , or perhaps more correctly^ tii€ greater part. 

Page 54, 1. 1-3. T^v .... iSW. A somewhat obscure sen* 
teoce as to constriKStioii. Some take Urev M wkfurrw as a 
phrase equivalent to 4( 4Ax9*- This is the construction o^ 
Poppo, Arnold, Blomfield, and Owen. I am rather inclined 
to a difierent view, and to ckmstruot thus, U rov wntuHmrrtm 
ahnof M ffAffarror dtii r6 Xarr^yfwr, and transbteY from the 
circumstance of its being free from dissensions by reason of 
the thwness of the soU ; roir agrees with the whole clcmse ; 
and octroy may be considered a somewhat irregular participial 
construction for the infinitive. The thin soil of Attica is 
otf^en spoken of by the ancient writers, and its present aspect 
furnishes e lively commentary upon their language. Never^ 
theless, with good cultivation and irrigation, the plain of 
Athens might now be brought to 3rield excellent and profitable 
harvests. 

8-5. Kdl . • . . tA^ififjpat. Amold^s intei^retatioo is sub- 
stantially this : The truth of the statement^ that in other 
respects Greece did not increase equally (i. e. as much as she 
would otherwise have done), is shown by this example. The 
example is that of Athens, which, on account of the greater 
political stability prevailing there, made greater progress in 
population. But the passage may be more exactly rendered. 
And this is not the smallest proof (i. e. it is the grea te s t 
proof) that Greece did not equally increase (that is, that 
the cause of the inequality of increase was) by reason of 
migrations to other quarters. The proof or example was 
that of Athens, which did increase by reason of immigration 
from other parts of the country. 

9, 10. ttff . . . . 'ArriK^ff, gen. absol., expressing with 4ff 
the reason or cause, for the reason that Attica was not svf* 
fidetU, 

11. wx^Kurrcu This form of expression occurs ^flen 



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m THUOTDIDES. 

in Thncydides, and is one of the characteristics of his style >: 
not the least = in the highest degree. 

14 - 17. dXXck .... naptx^^rBai^ hit before HeUen, the son 
of Deucalion^ this designation (Hellas) did not at aU exisiy 
hu that they furnished a name from themsehes^ nation by 
nation^ both other nations and the Pelasgi for the most part, 

19. ^* ^K^\ti^ with a rnew to advwxtage^ or by the fros- 
pect of advantage. 

21, 28. od . . . . hmmitnuj it (the name) eould notj havh 
ever ^prevail among aliform long time. The genitive xp^^w 
is the limitation of time, -— the time within which a thing is 
done. 

28. voXXf ^ . . . yfyitficyoc, for he being stiU later even 
than ihf^Drojan times. 

24. o&dofuw .... «^tipndo9, nowhere has he named them 
aU together (i. e. Hellenes), nor any others than those with 
AchiUeSyJrom Phthiotis. 

26. Ir'ccti, verses. 

27-29. Ov . . . . imtmtKpMai^ nor has he designated as 
barbarians (i. e. those not of the Hellenic race), because^ as 
it seems to me, the Hellenes had not yet been distinguished 
under one name^ in contrast with them. 

29-p. 55, 1.2. 01 . . . . thrpaiop. The Hellenes then, com* 
prehending (i. e. under this name) the several tribes^ and 
those dispersed among the several cities^ aU who understood 
one another^ and who were jointly called by this name after- 
wards, did nothings as a body^ before the Trojan times^ on 
account of their weakness and their want of union. 

2-4. 'AXXa .... (vpfjXdoif. But even in this expedition 
they united^ because now they were more familiar with the 
sea. 

4. &r, genitive by attraction to the case of the antecedent 
understood : the most ancient of those whom we know by 
hearing, i. e. by tradition. 

10, 1 1. ToO . . . . a^, in order that revenues might come 
in more to him; to increase his revenues by establishing 

42 



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4M KOTsa m 

orderly communities, and driying out the pirates, who had 
made the islands their haunts. 

14- 16. hpitrwTo .... rpofl)fjt^ hetook thenuehes to rohhery 
(or piracy) under ike lead of the most powerful men (the 
common expression of Thucydides, literally, men not the least 
powerJvl)^for the sake of their own profit and of support for 
the weak^ i. e. the poor. Observe the change of construction 
from the genitive to the dative. 

17. Korii Ki^itas, Arnold justly says : " Any society of 
men united together as one commonwealth, under the same 
laws, is called in Greek inOUr. Thus a inOUr may be a mere 
collection of huts in a forest ; or, like Lacsedemon itself, a 
number of stragglmg houses, uninclosed by walls, and form- 
ing therefore only a large village.^* In this place eitits^ irAcw, 
are spoken of as sometimes without walls, and inhabited like 
hamlets, Korh KJtfiat, 

19. Kpyovy business ; i. e. piracy or plunder. This de« 
scription of the ancient manners of Hellas has had its counter- 
part in that country in modem times. The Klephts of tiie 
mountains and the pirates of the .£gean, down to compara- 
tively recent times, reproduced the primeval manners. Even 
now, the old piratical spirit is ready to show itself whenever 
an occasion offers. 

21 - 25. mioi oi«id<(<Wwr, and the ancient poets^ 

asking questions of those who come in from the sea (i. e. the 
poets, in their pictures of ancient life, represent the people 
on shore as asking the sailors who visit them by sea), whether 
they are pirates^ since they of whom they make the inquiry 
do not disclaim the business, and those who may be concerned 
to know make no reproach, Bothe and Owen, however, refer 
o» nukaioi to the persons spoken of by the poets, — the ancients 
of the pnefs^ or in the poets. This appears to me not so 
natural and Greek a construction as the partitive genitive, 
Thncydides is speaking of the older poets, particularly 
Homer, in whose Odyssey (111. v. 71) the very question 
here alluded to is asked ; and he says the ancient poets, 



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9$ THUCTDIDES. 495 

because these descriptions of a primeval condition of things 
occur more especially in their compositions than in those 
of later times ; and there b nothing beyond the boldness of 
expression characteristic of Thucydides, in describing the 
poets as putting the question themselves, instead of repre- 
senting the characters in the poems as doing this. 

28-30. T<$ re . . . . ^lAfUfuniMj The wearing iron (carrying 
arms) has remained among the inhabitant of the mainland 
from the ancient practice of robbery. 

Page 56, 1. 1 - 3. ai^pittraot . • . . papfiapoi^ on account of 
their unfortified dwellings and unsafe approaches to one 
another^ and they conducted their daily life customarily with 
arms in their hands ; literally, they made their daily life cus* 
tomary with arms ; the adjective being used to express the 
result of the action of the verb, which may in English be 
conveniently expressed adverbially. 

5. r&p . • • . duuTtjfAOTmw^ of the manners which once ex* 
tended alike to alh 

5, 6. *£r TtHs irp&roc, ic. r. X, MatthisB, § 290, says, on this 
construction : ^^ The article seems also to be used as a pro- 
noun in the phrase ry rocr, which mostly stands with superla- 
tives, either in the masculine, feminine, or neuter The 

superlative does not stand in the case of roir, but in the case 
of the noun to which it properly belongs.'* Translate here. 
And among them^ the Athenians firsts or the Athenians first 
of all 

7. optifupff rj diahjj^ with the mode of life relaxed. 

8-11. Kal . . . . rpix&P' The construction of this sen- 
tence is a little confused. Translate, And it is not a long 
time since the elders of their wealthy class ceased wearing 
linen tunics for the Jttxury of ti, and binding up a roU (or 
top-knot) of the hair on the head by the insertion of golden 
cicadre. " These words," says Dr. Arnold, " explain why 
thoy wore the linen dress, not why they left it oflT." The 
golden cicadse, i. e. large pins or combs made in the shape 
of cicadse, were worn as symbols that the Athenians were 



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49B ironB. * 

oMx/BoMt^ or children of the soil. Aratophanes, in the 
Clouds, alludes jokingly to this old fashion. 

18 - 16. Mffrp^ . . . • uattntfo w f. Arnold has the follow- 
ing remarks. ** The LacedsBmonian dress consisted princi- 
pally of two parts, the x"^ <^d the x^a«Mb The first was 
a narrow kind of frock, without rieeves, coming down to the 
knees ; the other was a sort of large square shawl, which 
wrapped round the left arm, then passed across the back and 
under the right arm, from whence it was crossed oyer the 
breast, and the end finally thrown over the tefl shoulder. 
Both this and the x<«^ were of woollen.^ Translate the 
passage, And^ agam^ the La e e d a moni am frti used (or adopt- 
ed) a nwdett dress^ and according to the preeent fashion^ 
and in other respects those who possessed the greater fortunes 
placed themselves on an equoHiy of IhHng (conformed them- 
selves to their standard) with the body of the people. 

17, 18. Xka .... ^9l<^tano^ in exercising they anoiiUed 
themsehes with oil. X/«o or X/ir* occurs frequently in Homer, 
in connection with c^o/y, where it must be a dative. But 
hjore the accusative is admissible, in the sense of to put oil 
an one'^s own hody^ and b the direct object of ^Xc^orro. 

20. od . . . . irfmtvrof , and it is not many years since ii 
(this custom) has ceased. 

21. tanw 0& vvv == rwL For the explanation of this 
phrase see Buttmann, ^ 150. 21, where the various com- 
binations of toTi with relatives are illustrated. The pre- 
ceding expression h rotr fiapfidpois is general, and the words 
in question limit it Among the barbarians^ that is^ some of 
them^ these usages still prevail. 

26. ^drj .... ^«>r, the neuter plural ; literally, things 
being more navigable ; i. e. the state of things being such 
that navigation was in a more advanced stage. 

80. biik ,.., ipTurxoviraPy on account of piracy having for 
a long time held out. 

Page 57, 1. 2, 3. t<f>€pw .... ^^tnvw. These Vords are 
parenthetical. 0«p*>, in the sense to pluoder or ravage. 



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fl THUCTIHDBS. 4Sn 

usually ui connected wUh ijmj the whole phmse origiDally 
signifying to carry off and to driee off^ referring to the 
dii^rent ohjects of plunder in the early times, such as grain 
and cattle ; and later, the two words were used as a phrase 
mgnifying to plunder in general. Here Thucydides employs 
(mly one. Translate, far they plundered each other ^ and as 
many of the rest as Kved hehw (i. e. near the coast), though 
not seafaring people. 

4i ibftftatriihoi tt&t^ ate hu^ tip ; i. e. at a distance from 
the sea. It was m eaiiy times the general practice to buiM 
towns on and aroond a hill, at a distance from the shore, 
fbr die purpose of having a fortress and a secure retreat m 
case of attack. This fortified hill was the Acropolis. Athens, 
Corinth, Ai^s, and most of the cities in Greece, were built 
in this manner ; and most of them still attest, by the ruins 
of ancient structures on their summits, the truth of the 
language of Thucydides. 

7, 8. h ., .. iroX^f i^ this war ; i. e. the Peloponne- 
sian. 

10, 11. TFOMr^crrffs .... Airroviri, being recognized both 
by the fashion of the armor buried with them^ and by the 
mode of burial which they practise to this day, 

14. MimiQa»<t were expdled. The neuter is here con- 
structed as if it were passive. 

17, 18. «k« . . . . yiyp6fupo€^ as becoming richer than them- 
selves. A very commoti idiom to express an advance beyond 
somo previous condition; meaning here, richer than they 
were before. 

20, 21. wpoatTTouwFro .... w^tts^they rendered theinferior 
cities obedient to themselves* 

22. fwiXXou Ifbri ^yrffff, being now in a better state, i. e. con- 
stantly increasing in power* 

23-26. *Ayafitfiv»w .... Synpaiy And Agamemnon seems to 

me to have got up the expedition, as being superior in power 

to the princes of their times, and not so much leading the 

suitors of Helen bound by the oaths of Tifndareus ; i. e. I am 

42 • 



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4»8 HOTBS. m 

of opinion UtrnX Agamenraon was able to cany into eflfect the 
expedition against Troy by his superior power, and not by 
the circumstance that Tyndareus had bound the suitors of 
Helen by an oath to bring her back if she should be borne 
away by force. Agamemnon was the most powerful chief- 
tain of the age, and as such commanded in the Trcjan war. 

26 — p. 58, L 18. Atyovat . . • • Konurnjvat, Arnold and 
Owen understand ol rA (ra^orora TUkowomnjvlmf to mean 
those Peloponnesians who have received the clearest aceautUSt 
or those who have received the dearest accounts of any PeUh 
ponnesians. But Thucydides is not speaking of Pelopon- 
nesian authorities ; he is speaking of the traditions relating 
to the early history of the Peloponnesus. I therefore prefer 
to translate, those who have received the clearest accomtts 
relating to the Peloponnesians from those of former times. 
— n)r irrmmfuaw trx^nf^ got the naming ofy caused the country to 
he named after himself j Peloponnesus. — kbH wrrtpow en ful(m 
^viwyfX^TKu. It is a question whether fit{(m is a neuter plural, 
and refers to the increase of power in general of the family 
of Pelops. In this case it would mean, and to his posterity 
still greater pou>er accrued^ under the circumstances briefly 
detailed in the subsequent clauses. * Blomfield and Owen 
•give a personal construction of fitl{»^ and understand the 
historian to say, and with posterity he (Pelops) attained vnio 
still greater estimation. But I think Thucydides is not 
speaking of the general character of Pelops ; he is describ- 
ing the increasing influence of his family ; for he immediately 
adds several particulars which contributed to the extension of 
• the power of the PelopidsB : Eurystheus committed Mycene 
and his kingdom to Atreus, and finally, the Myceneeans wish- 
ing him for their king, both on account of their fear of the 
HeracIeidaB, and because he was himself powerful and had 
won the popular favor, Atreus came into possession of 
Mycenfle'and the entire kingdom 4>f Eurystheus, who did not 
return ; and thus the Pelopidce became more powerful than 
the PerseidsB. I should therefore translate the words in 



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m THUCTEnODSB. 499 

question, atiU greater power accrued to his descendants.-^ 
oMp ^mrfoumi rvyx^p^iMj that he chanced to be in exile^ i. e. on 
account of the murder of Chrysippus. tfmytuf^ to go into 
exiUj is constructed with the accusative of the person who 
drives into exile, by the force of its literal signification, to 
fiu from. The whole clause therefore means, that, on 
account of the death of Chrysippus^ Atreus was banished by 
kisfather. 

15, 16. ri^F . . • . fpot;q<nur3cu9 made the expedition^ not more 
by favor than by fear ; that is, the favor or popularity in 
which his name was held ; and the form of expression is 
characteristic of the style of Thucydides, and means that 
fear of his power was the principal influence which brought 
about the confederation of the chiefs in the Trojan war. 

17. wpwntapwrxi^p^ having Jvmished besides ; he not only 
had the lai^st fleet himself, but, in addition, furnished ships 
to the Arcadians. 

18. cT . . . . rrff/iiypMMrai, if he is sttfficient^ in the general 
judgment^ to testify ; r^ for rty(, for people in general. The 
meaning is, if the poetical representation of Homer is to be 
regarded as authority for an historical fact. 

19. ml ... . frapddocrci, and in the transmission of the 
sceptre ; in Homer's description of the transmission of the 
sceptre to Agamemnon from his ancestors. 

24, 25. Eixofciy .... ovr^ff. And we may judge by this ex* 
pedition of the character of the events which preceded it. 

26* 30. Ka\ .... icorcxfA, And because Mycena woe small^ 
or if any of the cities of that time now appears to be 
insignificanty one cannot — relying on this circumstance as 
a convincing proof — disbelieve that the armament was so 
great as the poets have described^ and as the tradition 
prevaihi ; that is, The circumstance that Mycenae, or any 
other city of those times, now appears, judging by its ruins, 
to have been insignificant, is no proof that it really was so. 

Page 59, 1. 1-4. \€uf}B€lrf .... c Zmu, and the temples were 
lefty and the foundation of the buildings I think there would 



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M» IIOTB0. m 

he great diehdief if fheit jmtoer^ in ihe amree of lime, «i 
fAe fidntk of fmhtre genenUiotu^ tn eompmrieon wkh their 
fame, 

5. ftoipmg. The five divisions o£ the P^loponnesos here 
spoken oCwere Laconia, Messenia, Argolis, Achais, and 
Arcadia. 

6, 7. CwouamMtnit, htOt eontimuniafy thickly ImlL 

10. *ABfipaUuf .... waB&fTw^ genitive absolute to eiqpiesi 
a supposed case ; 4f the Aik tmi a m were to hone Me earns 
experience^ i. e. ^ same which Sparta, ift the pieoeding 
sentences, was supposed to have had. 

10-13. dMi9uv^ .... Zartp^ ite power woM he emp^ 
poeedy from the outward aspect of the eUy^ to he twice aa 
great as it aetudlUf if. This supposed ease of Thucydides 
has been surprisingly verified by the fortunes of the cities. 
While the remains €f( Sparta bear but slight testimony to 
her former greatness, those of Athens — the Temple of 
Olympian Zeus, the Theseum, and especially the Propjtea, 
the Parthenon, and the other ruins on the Acropolis — avs 
on so magnificent a scale, that we naturally imagine iSb^ 
former grandeur of the city to have been even more im^ 
posing than it really was. 

12- 18. Ofteovr .... MtHrnp/L, It is not ^wre/ore reaeom 
able to dishelievey nor to look mare to the aspects of the cUies 
than their powers^ hut to consider that that esj>edition was 
greater than any which had preceded itj hut inferior to those 
which are now made;' if again^ we are to helieve in the 
poetical representation of Homer here too^ — a representatiom 
which it is natural to suppose he^ as a poety exaggerated and 
embellished^ — yet^even taking this representation as correct^ 
the expedition appears inferior in magnitude. — fuyiarjpf rmm 
np6 avTTjsy the greatest of those before $1, is a classical, but 
somewhat illogical idiom, though imitated by Milton, in de* 
scribing Eve as ^^ the fairest of her daughters.^' — moX ovnpc, 
eoen so^ L e. supposing the poetry of Homer to be matter ot 



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m THUCTDIDEa Ml 

18 UttrohiKf yap^for he ktu represented. 

35. wpwrKAwovgj those at the oar^ the oarsmen. 

2^. r&v iiaKtara h rcXci, ihose most in dignity^ persons of 
the highest rank. — SKk»f re koI, This is a common enough 
idiom ; literally, both otiienoise andj and to be rendered 
especially, 

3(X \ff<rrut^r€pop wapmriuvatrikha^ equipped more in the 
private fashion. 

Page 60, 1. 1 - 3. riis .... irtftir^fitvoi^ looking therefore 
to the aoerage between the largest and the smallest ships^ not 
many appear to ha»e gone^ considering that they were sent in 
common from all Greece. The dative is oftai used in this 
way, to express the general idea of to one who does so and so^ 
L e. in the judgment of him who does so and so, such and 
such would be the fact 

5-11. T^f . . . . ampi^ The particle rt after r^ has t« 
after ^cid^ for its correlative, and the words from dfjKotf to 
iT€ixl<rQi/TQ are parenthetical in sense. The great idea of the 
passage is, that their want of means of support forced them 
to lead thither an army smaller than they otherwise would 
have taken, and only so large as could subsist from the prod* 
ucis of the country to which they were going during the 
war and after they had eonquered in battle ; and the proof 
of this, namely, of their expectation to subsist on the products 
of the country, and consequently to remain there for a long 
'*-*'», is the fact of their constructing a wall round their camp ; 
and they do not appear even here to have employed all their 
forces, but to have had recourse to the cultivation of the 
Chersonesus and to piracy, by reason of the scarcity of pro- 
visions. There is a good deal of obscurity in the passage, 
but the explanation just given seems the most natural. 
Another explanation refers the proof contained in the paren- 
thesis to the victory in battle ; but building a wall round 
their camp is no proof of having gained a victory. 

13. ToU M MroXfifTo/Myoir, those who for the time being 
were left behind. This use of ace has already been explained. 



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BM NOTBa it 

17. ity§. The particle emphasiasee the clauee ; and the 
sense may be well conveyed by especially when we r^Ud 
that they. — fUptt rf mi wap^tnrtj with the part for the time 
being present. 

22. di/Xovnu • • • • <pnMtj are shown by facts to be inferior 
to thefame^ 6ic. 

24-26. 'Eircl .... ovfi/^Mc, Since even after the Drcjan 
times Chreece continued subject to changes and migrations^ 
so as not to increase by remaining quiet, 

28, 29. ix^ lt¥ . . .. IjcTifov, in consequence of which (i. e. 
feuds), men^ being driven oui^ founded the cities ; meaning 
the cities in the .£gean Islands and in Asia Minor, founded 
in consequence of the revolutions following upon the return 
of the princes, — the colonies which rose to great wealth, 
power, and celebrity. They are spoken of as the cities by 
Thucydides, as being well known to his readers without 
further and more precise designation. 

Page 61, 1. 4. dy^icwrrf Ircft, in the eightieth year^ i. e. 
after the destruction of Troy. The event spoken of here is 
known as the return of the Heracleidae, who, at the head of 
a body of Dorian invaders, subdued the whole of Pelopon- 
n^8us, except Arcadia and Achaia. 

7. "'iMMiff, the lonians ; i. e. the colonies in Asia Minor. 

8- 11. IroXw .... iKTioBri, but the greater part of Italy 
and Sicily^ and some places belonging to the rest of Greece^ 
the Peloponnesians (i. e. the Dorians) settled ; and all these 
regions were settled subsequently to the Trojan war, — corur 
^ X<»pia = Tivh x«>p(a* The part of Southern Italy settled by 
the Greeks was called MeyaKti *EXXaf, or Magna Greecia. The 
ttiis and civilization of Greece were extensively cultivated in 
this beautiful region ; and to this day the inhabitants of the 
interior especially show evident traces of their Hellenic 
descent. The same remark applies to Sicily. 

14. ra iroXXii, to a great extent, — rvpawldft^ tyrannies; 
i. e. unconstitutional governments of individuals, who raised 
themselves to supreme power by force or fraud. 



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• THUCTDIDEa 503 

16. M .... /Soo-iXcttu, hereditary royalties mth defined 
(or expressed) prerogatives. The regal goyemments of the 
hereditary families that flourished before and during the 
Trojan war are here referred to. 

16 - 18. KRH-uui .... aiTfixorrOf Hellas began to furnish 
herself with navies^ and they (the Greeks) became addicted 
to the sea. 

19. fitraxttpUrai .... vaw^ to change the things pertaining 
to ships ; that is, to alter the style of ship-building. — 'rpuip^ts^ 
Xcyovrai understood. 

22-24. ''En; .... fjkB^, Observe the somewhat rude 
structure of this sentence. Literally, It is about three hun^ 
dred years to the end of this war^ when Ameinocles came to 
the Samians ; i. e. Prom the time when Ameinocles came to 
the Samians down to the end of the Pdoponnesian wan^^ it is 
about three hundred years. 

25. KopufOiav wpbf KtpKvpaiov^t of the Corinthians with ih$ 
CorcyrcMms. The war alluded to here is related by He 
rodotos, III. 50-53. 

26. ravTji refers to imxH' 

Page 62, 1. 2. dvporol refers to Kopiv$ioi in a previous 
clause. The situation of Corinth was such, that in the earlier 
times, when the intercourse between different parts of Greece 
was more by land than water, it was the centre of trade 
between the Peloponnesus and the continent, and thus be- 
came wealthy ; a circumstance mentioned by the poets, who 
applied to it the epithet a^ycuSr. 

4-7. 'Ev€idri .... iroXty, And when the Greeks began to 
navigate more extensively^ they (the Corinthians), having 
procured ships^ freed the sea from pirates^ and^ furnishing a 
market both by sea and land^ made the city powerful by its 
revenue. Observe the use of tcxov^ got, got it to be, caused 
the city whicli they possessed to be mighty, &c. 

8, 9. f jTi KCpov .... iSao-tXfvoKTOff, in the reign of Cyrus^ 
the first' king of the Persians, iiti, with the genitive of a 
name and a participle, signifies in the time of the pci>>on*a 
doing what the participle expresses. 



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604 HQTI^ • 

17. ram . . • • ftrrtyNh laUr hf wum^ gmeraiUm. 
28-p. 63, I. 2. ^ .... lamHrrp^fumi, and mi a te« 

periody after Themislocles h€td persuaded the AUiemanSt 
being at war with the JSgineUme^ atul when the harbariim 
W€LS looked for^ to huUd the ships] with which they also 
fought the sea-JightSt even these (i. e. the ships) did not yet 
have decks entirely over them^ or were not entirely decked. 
Others understand the passage, And it was not till late that 
Themistocles persuaded the Athenians^ ^. I think the oob- 
struction a little confused ; the general idiea being, however* 
that even as late as the time of Thieaustodes ships were 
built without entire decks. 

4-6. *l<Fx^ .... 4pxs« Those who gave attention to them 
(i. e. to the navies) secured to themselves the greater power^ 
(literally, according to frequent Thucydidean usage, not the 
smallest power^) by increase (literally, income) of wealth, 
emd by dominion over others* 

8. &roi .... x*^P^i ^^'^ v^ ^^ *^^ territory si^ficient. ' 

11. arpartlatt accusative with ^Utatof below of kindred 
signification. 

13, 14. 06 ... . imriKMh For they did not comhitie as 
subjects with the greater states. — obd .... avrot, nor did they^ 
speaking generally of the Greeks, or perhaps especially of 
the leading Greeks ; L e. citizens of the most powerful states, 
luyiartu nSktis, — an6 lijs tmit., 1. e. i»ol^$^ on equal terms^ or 
confederating on terras of equality. * 

18, 19. ical . . . . dUoTfi^ and the rest of the Hellenic world 
divitled offy in alliance with om or the other party. 

30, 21. ^EirryiptTo .... *lA»<r». The historian is speaking 
in a general way of the hindrances to the progress of the 
Greeks, and especially of the case of iBe lonians. — SXkois m 
aOioBi .... cat 'iflMTi, to some in one way and to others in 
another^ and to the lonians in the way described in the 
following clauses. Some, as* Owen and the Scholiast, con- 
struct *I«#<ri with circarparciMrf. 

26. Kparmv .... i^o-ovr, conquering also the islands ; that 



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« HERODOTOS. 605 

is, the islands occupied by lonians along the coast of Asia 
Minor. 

26 - 29. Tv/xuvoi .... ^ovy, And the tyrants that were 
in the Hellenic cities^ providing only for their own interests^ 
governed the cities for the most part as safely as they could, 
with reference to their own persons and to the increase of 
their private fortunes. By the tyrants, the historian refers 
to the princes who, after the overthrow of the old Homeric 
hereditary families, rose to power by their talent, or by usur- 
pation and the overthrow of the constituted authorities ; the 
word tyrant having rather an historical than a reproachful 
meaning, at least when first employed to denote an absolute 
ruler ; since such rulers as Periander, Polycrates, Peisistra* 
tus, ^. were no more t3rrants, in the modem sense of the 
word, than the descendants of Pelops or Theseus. 

P^ 64, 1. 2 - 5. Ouro .... cW, Thus, from aU sides. 
Greece for a long time was restrained from doing any con* 
spicuous act in common^ and (compelled) to be less daring 
(than she otherwise might have been) by single cities. 



HERODOTOS. 



This delightful historian was a native of Halicamassus, a 
Doric colony in Caria. He was bom B. C. 484, as we know 
from the statement of Pamphila, quoted by Gellius, that he 
was fifty-three years old at the beginning of the Pelopon- 
nesian war. Little is known of his eariy life and educa- 
tion ; but it is evident from his works, that he was familiar 
with all the literature then existing in the Greek language, 
and especially with the Homeric poems. He appears to 
have emigrated eariy to Samos, and then to have returned 
to Halicamassus, where he assisted in emancipating his 
native city from the tyranny of Lygdamis. After this, he 
48 



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506 NOTES. » 

withdrew from the conflict of factions which prevailed in 
his native country, and passed the remainder of his life at 
Thurii in Italy. He appears to have heen at Athens B. C. 
43 If the year that the Peloponnesian war broke out The 
preparations he made for the composition of his great work 
are thus described in the article upon Herodotos in Smithes 
Dictionary. 

^' The most important part of these preparations consisted 
in his travels through Greece and foreign countries, for the 
purpose of making himself acquainted with the world and 
with man, and his customs and manners. We may safely 
believe that these preparations occupied the time from his 
twentieth or twenty-fifth year until he settled at Rhegium- 
His work, however, is not an account of traveb, but the 
mature fruit of his vast personal experience by land and by 
sea, and of his unwearied inquiries which he made every* 
where. He, in fact, nowhere mentions his travels and ad- 
ventures, except for the purpose of establishing the truth ot 
what he says ; and he is so free from the ordinary vanity of 
travellers, that, instead of acting a prominent part in his work, 
he very seldom appears at all in it Hence it is impossible 
for us to give anything like an accurate chronological succes- 
sion of his travels. The minute account which Liarcher has 
made up is little more than a fiction, and is devoid of all 
foundation. In Greece Proper, and on the coasts of Asia 
Minor, there is scarcely any place of iniportance with which 
he is not perfectly familiar from his own observation, and 
where he did not make inquiries respecting this or that par- 
ticular point ; we may mention more especially the oracular 
places, such as Dodona and Delphi. In many places of 
Greece, such as Samos, Athens, Corinth, and Thebes, he 
seems to have made a rather long stay. The places where 
the great battles had been fought between the Greeks and 
barbarians, as Marathon, Thermopylee, Salamis, and PlatsBse, 
were well known to him, and on the whole route which 
Xerxes and his army took on their march from the Helle- 



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« HERODOTOS. 507 

spont to Athens, there was probably not a place which he had 
not seen with his own eyes. He also visited most of the 
Greek islands, not only in the ^gean, but even those in the 
west of Greece, such as Zacynthus. As for his travels in 
foreign countries, we know that he sailed through the Hel- 
lespont, the Propontis, and crossed the Euzine m both 
directions ; with the Palus Mseotis he was but imperfectly 
acquainted, for he asserts that it is only a little smaller 
than the Euxine. He fiirther visited Thrace (ii. 103) and 
Scythia (iv. 76, 81). The interior of Asia Minor, especially 
Lydia, is well known to him, and so is also Phoenicia. He 
visited Tyre for the special purpose of obtaining information 
respecting the worship of Heracles ; previous to this he had 
been in Egypt, for it was in Egypt that his curiosity respect- 
ing Heracles had been excited. What Herodotos has done 
for the history of Egypt surpasses in importance everything 
that was written in ancient times upon that country, although 
his account of it forms only an episode in his work. There 
is no reason for supposing that he made himself acquainted 
with the Egyptian language, which was, in fact, scarcely 
necessary, on account of the numerous Greek settlers in 
Eg3rpt, as well as on account of that large class of persons 
who made it their business to act as interpreters between the 
Egyptians and Greeks ; and it appears that Herodotos was 
accompanied by one of those interpreters. He travelled to 
the south of Egypt as far as Elephantine, everywhere form- 
ing connections with the priests, and gathering information 
upon the early history of the country and its relations to 
Greece. He saw with his own eyes all the wonders of 
Egypt, and the accuracy of his observations and descriptions 
still excites the astonishment of travellers in that country. 
The time at which he visited Egypt may be determined with 
tolerable accuracy. He was there shortly after the defeat 
of Inarus by the Persian general, Megnbyzus, which happened 
in B. C. 456 ; for he saw the battle-field still covered with the 
bones and skulls of the slain (iii. 12), so that his visit to 



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608 NOTES. • 

Egypt may be ascribed to about B. C. 450. Prom Egypt he 
appears to have made excursions to the east into Arabia, and 
to the west into Libya, certainly as far as Cyrcne, which is 
well known to him (ii. 96). It is not impossible that he 
may even have visited Carthage, at least he speaks of infor- 
mation which he had received from Carthaginians (iv. 43, 
195, 196), though it may be also that he conversed with 
individual Carthaginians whom he met on his travels. From 
Egypt he crossed over by sea to T3rre, and visited Palsestine ; 
that he saw the rivers Euphrates and Tigris and the city of 
Babylon, is quite certain (i. 178, ^., 193). From thence 
he seems to have travelled northward, for he saw the town of 
Ecbatana, which reminded him of Athens (i. 98). There 

"^ can be little doubt that he visited Susa also, but we cannot 
trace him further into the interior of Asia. His desire to 
increase his knowledge by travelling does not appear to have 
subsided even in his old age, for it would seem that during 
his residence at Thurii he visited several of the Greek settle- 
ments in Southern Italy and Sicily, though his knowledge of 
the West of Europe was very limited, for he strangely calls 
Sardinia the greatest of all islands (i. 170, v. 106, vi. 2). 
From what he had collected and seen during his travels, 
Herodotos was led to form his peculiar views about the earth, 
its form, climates, and inhabitants ; but for discussions on this 

. topic we must refer the reader to some of the works men- 
tioned at the end of this article. Notwithstanding all the 
wonders and charms of foreign countries, the beauties of his 
own native land, and its free institutions, appear never to 
have been effaced from his mind. 

" A second source from which Herodotos drew his infor- 
mation was the literature of his country, especially the 
poetical portion, for prose had not yet been cultivated very 
extensively. With the poems of Homer and Hesiod he was 
perfectly familiar, though he attributed less historical im- 
portance to them than might have been expected. He placed 
them about 400 years before his own time, and makes the 



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• HERODOTOS. 509 

paradoxical assertion, that they had made the theogony of the 
Grreeks, which cannot mean anything else than that those 
poets, more especially Hesiod, collected the numerous local 
traditions about the gods, and arranged them in a certain 
order and system, which afterwards became established in 
Greece as national traditions. He was also acquainted with 
the poetry of Alcseus, Sappho, Simonides, JSschylus, and 
Pindar. He further derived assistance from the Arimaspeia, 
an epic poem of Aristeas, and from the works of the logog- 
raphers who had preceded him, such as Hecatseus, though 
he wrote with perfect independence of them, and occasion- 
ally corrected mistakes which they had committed ; but his 
main sources, after all, were his own investigations and oh- 
servations.^* 

On the character of the work, we quote from the same 
article the following excellent observations. 

^^ The whole work is pervaded by a profoundly religious 
idea, which distinguishes Herodotos from all the other Greek 
historians. This idea is a strong belief in a divine power 
.existing apart and independent of man and nature, which 
assigns to every being its sphere. This sphere no one is 
allowed to transgress without disturbing the order which has 
existed from the beginning, in the moral worid no less than 
in thb physical ; and by disturbing this order . man brings 
about his own destruction. This divine power is, in the 
opinion of Herodotos, the cause of all external events, though 
he does not deny the free activity of man, or establish a 
blind law of fete or necessity. The divine power with him 
IS rather the manifestation of eternal justice, which keeps all 
things in a proper equilibrium, assigns to each bemg its path, 
and keeps it within its bounds. Where it punishes over- 
weening haughtiness and insolence, it assumes the character 
of the divine Nemesis, and nowhere in history had Nemesis 
overtaken and chastised the offender more obviously than in 
the contest between Greece and Asia. When Herodotos 
speaks of the envy of the gods, as he often does, we roust 



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510 NOTBa «l 

understand this divine Nemesis, wlio appears sooner or later to 
pursue or destroy him who, in frivolous insolence and conceit, 
raises himself above his pioper sphere. Herodotos everywhere 
shows the most profound reverence for everything which he 
conceives as divine, and rarely ventures to express an opinion 
on what he considers a sacred or religious mystery, though 
now and then he cannot refrain from expressing a doubt in 
regard to the correctness of the popular belief of his oountry* 
men, generally owing to the influence which the Egyptian 
priests had exercised on his mind ; but in general his good 
sense and sagaciQr were too strong to allow him to be misled 
by vulgar notions and errors. 

'^ There are certain prejudices of which some of the best 
modem critics are not quite free : one writer asserts that 
Herodotos wrote to amuse his hearers, rather than with the 
higher objects of an historian, such as Thucydkies ; another 
■ays that he was inordinately partial towards his own country- 
men, without possessing a proper knowledge of and regard 
for what had been accomplished by barbanans. To refute 
such errors, it is only necessary to read his work with an , 
unbiased mind. That his work is more amusing than those 
of other historians arises from the simple, unaffected^ and 
childlike mode of narration ; features which are peculiar, 
more or less, to all early historians. Herodotos further saw 
and acknowledged what was good and noble wherever it 
appeared ; for he nowhere shows any hatred of the Persians, 
nor of any among the Greeks : he praises and blames the 
one as well as the other, whenever, in his judgment, they 
deserve it. It would be vain indeed to deny that ^rodotoa 
was to a certain extent credulous, and selated things with- 
out putting to himself the question as to whether they were 
possible at all or not. His political knowledge, and his ac- 
quaintance with the laws of nature, were equally deficient , 
and owing to these deficiencies, he frequently does not rise 
above the rank of a mere story-teller, a title which Aristotle 
{De Animal. Gener* iii. 5) bestows upon him. But, not* 



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65 HBBODOTOS. 611 

withstanding all this, it is evident that he had formed a high 
notion of the dignity of history ; and in order to realize his 
idea, he exerted all his powers, and cheerfully went through 
more difficult and laborious preparations than any other his- 
torian either before or after him. The charge of his having 
flattered the Athenians was brought against Herodotos by 
some of the ancients, but is totally unfounded ; he only does 
justice to the Athenians, by saying that they werfe the firat who 
had courage and patriotism enough to face the barbarian invad- 
ers (vi. 1 12), and that thus they became the deliverers of all 
Greece ; but he is veiy far from approving of their conduct 
on every occasion ; and throu^out his account of the Persian 
war, he shows the most upright conduct, and the sincerest 
love of truth. On the whole, in order to form a fair judg- 
ment of the historical value of the work of Herodotos, we 
must distinguish between those parts in which he speaks from 
his own observation, or gives the resttlts of his own investi- 
gations, and those in which he merely repeats what he was 
told by priests, interpreters, guides, and the like. In the 
latter case he undoubtedly was often deceived ; but he never 
intrudes such reports as anything more than they really are ; 
and, under the influence of his natural good sense, he very 
frequently cautions his readers by some such remark as ^' I 
know this only from hearsay,'' or ** I have been told so, but 
do not believe it'' The same caution should guide us in his 
account of the early history of the Greeks, on which he 
touches only in episodes, for he is generally satisfied with 
some one tradition, without entering into any critical exami- 
nation ^r comparison with other traditions, which he silently 
rejects. But wherevei^ he speaks from his own observation, 
Herodotos is a real model of truthfulness and accuracy ; and 
the more those countries of which he speaks have been ex- 
plored by modem travellers, the more firmly has his authority 
been established. There is scarcely a traveller that goes to 
Egypt, the East, or Greece, that does not bring back a num- 
ber <^ facts which place the accuracy of the accounts of 



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512 NOTEa 66 

Herodotos in the most brilliant light: many things which 
used to be laughed at as impossible or paradoxical are found 
to be strictly in accordance with truth. 

^' The dialect in which Herodotos wrote b the Ionic, inter* 
mixed with epic or poetical expressions, and sometimes even 
with Attic and Doric forms. This peculiarity of the language 
called forth a number of lexicographical works of learned 
grammarians, all of which are lost, with the exception of a 
few remnants in the Homeric glosses (Xcfcir). The excel- 
lences of his style do not consist in any artistic or melodious 
structure of his sentences, but in the antique and epic color- 
ing, the transparent clearness, the lively flow of his narrative, 
the natural and unaffected gracefulness, and the occasional 
signs of carelessness. There is perhaps no work in the 
whole range of ancient literature which so closely resembles 
a familiar and homely oral narration as that of Herodotos. 
Its reader cannot help feeling as though he was listening to 
an old man, who, from the inexhaustible stores of his knowl- 
edge and experience, tells his stories with that single-hearted 
simplicity and nazveti which are the marks and indications 
of a truthful spirit * That which charms the reader of 
Herodotos,' says Dahlmann, ^ is that childlike simplicity of 
heart which is ever the companion of an incorruptible love 
of truth, and that happy and winning style which cannot be 
attained by any art or pathetic excitement, and is found only 
where manners are true to nature ; for while other pleasing 
discourses of men roll along like torrents, and noisily hurry 
through their short existence, the silver stream of his words 
flows on without concern, sure of its immortal source^ every- 
where pure and transparent, whether it be shallow or deep , 
and the fear of ridicule which sways the whole worid affects 
not the sublime simplicity of his mind.' " 

It is unknown at what age Herodotos died. The latest 
event alluded to in his history belongs to the year B. C. 408, 
when he was seventy-seven years old ; and it is probable that 
he died at Thurii, as Suidas states. 



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66 HEBODOTOS. 513 

Tlie following extracts contain the principal passages in 
his account of the wars of the Greeks and Persians. 

Herodotos, though a Dorian by birth, selected the Ionic 
dialect as a fitting language for his history. This dialect, as 
its name imports, was the native speech of the Ionian race, 
who inhabited the northern part of Peloponnesus, Attica, 
many of the islands in the iBgean Sea, as the Cyclades, 
Chios, Samos, and many of the cities along the western 
coast of Asia Minor, lying between JBolia on the north and 
Dons on the south. In the historical times Athens was 
generally recognized as the head of the Ionian states, and 
exercised the hegemony^ a directorship or qualified sover* 
eignty, over them. The earliest poetical development of 
the Ionic dialect took place in the islands and cities of Asi- 
atic Ionia; and the Homeric poems became at once the 
noblest monument of the genius of the race, and the in- 
approachable model for epic poetry afterwards. The Hesiodic 
poems are composed in the same form of language. With 
some modifications, the Ionic is the dialect of the elegiac poets, 
who followed the epic minstrels. In prose, no writer in the 
Ionic approaches Herodotos ; but there was an extensive 
prose literature in this dialect, a great part of which has been 
lost The Attic dialect is founded on the Ionic, but is better 
suited than its prototype to the general purposes of literature, 
especially philosophy, history, and political eloquence. The 
peculiarities of the Ionic dialect are pointed out in the 
grammars of Kruger, Buttmann, Sophocles, and others ; and 
a very convenient synoptical view is presented, in a series of 
tables, by Professor Johnson, in his excellent edition of the 
first book of Herodotos, pp. 64 - 75, which see. 

Page 65, 1. 1. 'Apurroyc^piyr, Ionic for 'Aptaraycipaf. — *Ia>Mi7ir 
^ 'la»v/air. 

2. fUfAtTifuvos, Ionic for luOtifUvo^^ from fitBitjfii, Peri, 
pass., having been dismissed. 

3. wap^p ts 2dpdig. A common Greek construction of a 
verb of rest with a preposition of motion, was present at 



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514 NOTBa » 

SardU ; came to Sardis, ^r, and was present in the ^it}^ — 

5 — 17. Koio¥ := iroibir. ^- 46t§iCf»a(€ = iBavfuaCi, — iraf>ffSyn»r 
= irup6ifT«uf, — wprjyfiAnuf = vpayfiarmv^ — 6pH»p = 6pai»y, jpjiv. 

— arp^iclfip = oTptKioPt L e. (iX^CMXV. — ofroordatoff = airo<rra« 
irc«y. — Tovro .... *Apiaray6fn)£^ you haoe stitched this shoe., 
hut Aristagoras has put it on, — viriS, preposition denoting 
time and the commencement of the time denoted by the word 
with which it is constructed ; early in the succeeding night. — 
Ac ... . KartoyoffauBtu^ who having undertaken to subdue the 
island Sardo (Sardinia), the very great island. — vircdtwr .... 
froXc/Aov. Here is a construction of ^fun4a with two genitives, 
die lead of the lonians, and the lead of the war ; i. e. ^ 
was aiming at the leadership of the lonians in the war. 

Page 669 1. 1. pt^Tt pa npfyrtnuf irfn/yfutra, was attempting a 
revolution. 

2. *K ^ap€lov,Jrom Darius ; L e. that he was the agent of 
Darius. 

3, 4. *Ev6avra =s iwravBa. — — elptotn^fi/tvos = ipmr^fupos. 

6 - 12. /SocFiXcoc = /3a(r«Xc«»c. — i(€pyaa'fUpot == t^ipyaxriUwoSn 

— atrbfiv = clrUuf. — ir^ = ovroir. — ctM/ca = owko. 

13 - 30. froicvfi€vo9 = inKovfifyoff. -^ *ATapPttT€» = 'Arapi*/- 
rov, belonging to Atameus. — /3v/3X£a, letters; i. e. leaves of 
byblus prepared as paper. — wpokt\€9'xifptvpMv»Pj as if nego^ 
tiations had taken place with him concerning revolt. — ov ^Mi 
• . • . *Afn-a^f>m, and he does not give (the letters), but^ carrying 
them^ places the letters in the hands of Artaphemes. Observe 
the change of tense from the present to the aorist — 'O bi .... 
liovpoi^ And he^ Jiaving learned all that was going on, directed 
Hermippus to take the letters from Histusus and give them to 
those to whom he was carrying them^ and to give to himself 
the letters in reply, sent back by the Persians to Histueue 
— -Xibc .... dai$fVTog^ Chians endeavored to restore to Mi 
letus^ at his request ; he having requested it — SuritMvoi^ to be 
constructed with caraKKaxB^vrtSt glad of having got rid of — 
d€Ma$iu = dtxt<r6<u. — X^Pl" = X^P^* — ^ • • • • y^vaofuwoi^ 



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e7 HERODOTOS. 615 

as having tasted of liberty, — intipaTo kotiAp. The construc- 
tion of mipwrBai with participles of other verbs is like the 
English he tried coming hack^t attempted to get himself 
restored. — tw s= ruf6s> 

Page 67, 1. 1-8. mnKp4rrm = d<f>uafurm» — ov .... p«agj 
for he did not succeed in persuading the Chians to give him 
ships ; literally, he did not persuade the Chians so as to give 
him ships, MatthisB, Gr. Gr., p. 915, remarks that &<rr9 is 
very frequent afler irc/^cty, and cites this passage. The effect 
of the particle seems to be, to express more positively a 
result ; i. e. ovk Itrci^c dovKu, he did not persuade to gvee^ 
may mean either he did not attempt to persuade^ or he did 
not succeed in persuading ; but with fiorc it can have only 
the latter meaning. In the next clause, the aorist Zmurt 
makes it unnecessary to supply Snm^ the tense itself stating 
the fact as historical. — frXi/ptto-aurf^, having manned, — ck- 
vkoovfras = cinrXcoyonar. — ^<roft, though grammatically refer- 
ring to the ships, is a construction according to the sense, and 
so refers, in fact, to the men on board the ships. 

10 — 30. iroXX<$ff = froXvr. — irpo<MKifiosy looked for^ ex- 
pected to arrive. — 2voTpa^Wer, having united their forces, 
— trcpl .... iroii^o-d/ifvoi, considering of less account, — ♦oi- 
irocff. Bahr remarks, that ^' the Phoenicians were in every 
age most hostile to the Greeks, especially to the lonians, 
doubtless on account of trade, in which the lonians so far 
excelled as to be more than a match for the Phoenicians. li 
is, therefore, not at all surprising that the PhcBnicians were 
very ready for any enterprise by which they hoped to lessen 
the power of the lonians." — Ifirtfiwow .... Uavi&viop^ they sent 
delegates of their own number to the Panionion ; i. e. to the 
common council of the Ionian states. — tbo^t .... MiX^ov, 
they resolved not to assemble a land force to encounter ^the 
Persians, and that the Milesians should themselves defend 
the walls ; but to man a fieet^ not leaving behind a single 
ship ; and, having manned it, to assemble as soon as possible 
at Lade to defend Miletus by sea, — ini t^ irdX*, near the city. 



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518 NOTES. 69 

— of ... . pifiopTM^ those Molians who inhabit Lesbos. Les- 
bos was one of the principal islands occupied by the Ionian 
race. — 'eXxovto ^ rovrwi', were next to these. Hx^oBm with 
the genitive case, to be attcLched to^ to hold by^ and so to ^ 
next tOj or very near to. The following passage describes 
the order in which the ships of the several confederate states 
were arran^d in the line. 
Page 68, 1. 11. dir/xaro, had come^ plup. Ionic for it^tyfii' 

13. *iad«v, from 'loff, 1. an Ionian wonusn^ 2. used as an 
adjective in the feminine, Ionian. 

14. fiij ov, lest not 

20. KordkMrrtSy broken down^ i. e. overthrown* 

23. ris vfA(<awj some one of you^ in the sense of every one 
of you. The indefinite pronoun often has this enlarged 
meaning. 

25. nYifxb^tt mroaxiC»f'j ^ separaiing. 

30. ol . . . . €\€v<rorratj literally, and they wUl^ at all 
events^ go through battle^ they are determined to try the 
issue of war. 

Page 69, 1. 2. ia-inoBivrtSy Ionic for ^rniBivret. — e£ayd/Mf 
irod«€vvr(u, they toill be reduced to slavery ; middle in a pas- 
sive sense ; or perhaps, as in most other similar sentences, 
where the future middle is apparently employed in a passive 
sense, there is a reflexive shade of meaning ; — they will, by 
jtheir own fault, be reduced to slavery. 

7. rovf, Ionic pronoun for ovr. 

8. aytmfAoavpjj dccxp^wvro, they persisted with obstinacy^ 
they refused to listen, regardless of consequences. 

15. *Eiri .... npf^fiora. A proverbial expression, as old 
as Homer (II. X. 173), Our affairs stand upon a razor^s 
edge ; i. e. they are now at a most dangerous crisis. 

f6, 17. Koi rovTouri «>; bprfmrjun. All these datives refer 
back to 17/iiv, and agree with it. This last phrase is an 
additional clause to strengthen the representation : — And thai 
too as runaways ; not merely slaves, hMi fugitive slaves ; that 
will be our lot, if we fail. — If = ifw, if 



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ir HEBODOTOa 617 

21, 22. Mtitkof .... ^broordtfiof, I have no hope of youy 
that you will not pay to the king the penalty of your revolt 

24. imMKoiAMy I undertake ; L e. I promise. 

27. d96ycnf .... masj leading hie ships severally upon the 
horn or wing; that is, one after the other, and not with a 
broad front. 

5^. diffKirXooy woitvfinfos^ trying to break the line ; mean- 
ing soon to break the line. 

30. ZxKTKt. The frequentative form, common in Homer, 
and in the later Ionic. 

Page 70, 1. 2. iwoUw r6 K»Xtv6fM€Pow^ obeyed orders, 

3. ota .... ir^M»y, OS being inexperienced in such toils. 

11. Ivlhoioi fUriy are on the point of suffering the same^ 
or are in expectation that thej will experience the same. 

19. cbfoirripacr^, to exercise ; literally, to make trioL 

24. U rmv 'l^ywv, on the part of the lonians. 

25, 26. Mptna .... vmpfiaktoBaiy literally, that the king^s 
affairs (i. e. his power, or forces) were impossible to over* 
come ; that is, it was impossible to conquer the king's forces. 
The idioms of the English and the Greek are alike in such 
constructions as this. 

27. €l .... Lapuaw. The construction here is like that of 
vuBotf Tufh ftdxipfj to conquer one in battle; — if they should 
conquer Darius in the present armament. 

30. vcpnrot^otu, to secure or save. 

Page 71, 1. 6, 7. dimaniyotfj led out against. They drew 
out the fleet in the same order, M xipas. 

13. U r^f rd^totjfrom the line i from the battle. 

16-18. rh.. .. 6yop§. The practice of recording pub* 
lie services on columns, or slabs of marble, was common in 
the Greek states. Many such are still found on the Acropolis 
at Athens. It was also common to add the father's name to 
that of the subject of an honorary inscription. This Herodo- 
tos expresses by warp^Btw. Herodotos adds, as of his own 
knowledge, that the column still stood in the agora of Samot 
in his day. 



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818 NOTBa » 

20. ^pti^$ff9Wfy from v^^htwy to treat weU^ or UL 

25. Xvf^Ans^ picked men. 

Page 72, 1.2. Mmtroi^ disMed. 

7, 8. «o2 . . . • B^vfan^opUn^^ the Thumopkoria heimg ei2e- 
brated there hy ike teomeH. They arrived at the momeDt oi 
the celebration of the Thesmophoria by the women there. 
This festival was held inmofit of the states of Ionic origin. 

19. Xrflarijs Kurcar^Mf, he became a robber J or plunderer ; 
L e. a sort of privateer. 

25. iwdptmoblawmt r^y inSXir, thep endaced the dtp ; they 
reduced the inhabitants of the chy to i^very. 

29, 30. t6 /tip,... MtKff&Unfg^ part relating to the Argwes 
themselveMj and the wpplemeni the oracle gaoe in response 
to be applicable to the Milesians. 

Page 73, 1. 1, 2. nvn .... X^yov, this part of the narrO' 
tive. 

6. KOfi:qrauj long-haired^ under which designaticm the 
Persians are intended. 

7. Acdu/ioir = (p Acdv/MMff. The name of a place where 
was the sanctuary of Didymtean Apollo, consulted by the 
lonians and .^Bktlians. 

17. *Efjm6fi. By the Red Sea here is meant the Pernan 
Gulf. 

25, 26. ir6pT€t .... icff^<b, all^ from youth up^ shaved 
their heads^ as a sign of mourning. 

28. dk\fikif4n €$€tpi>Stfirajf^ were in friendly relations with 
one another. It seems that an extensive commercial inter- 
course was carried on between these states. One of the most 
esteemed articles of their trade was the famous Milesian wool. 

29. {finpaxBtaOhfTtf. The effect of the action indicated 
l^ a verb- is of^en expressed by a participle agreeing with 
the subject of the veri>. The Athenians showed that ihty 

/ were greatly grieved. The datives, tJ tc ^XXj, and ^pvplxf 
on the following page, describe the manner in which they 
eixhibited their grief. The anecdote which follows (p. 74, 
1. 2 ' 4) is celebrated in the history of the Athenian drama. 



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TT HEBODOTOS. Bl9 

Bahr remaiks, in substance, that the Athenians, though pas- 
sionately fond of dramatic entertainments, yet required the 
tragic poet to observe a certain moderation in exciting the 
affections and feelings ; and considered him worthy of pun- 
ishment, if he transgressed the limits, especially on a subject 
which was not to the honor of the Athenian people. 

Page 74, 1. 4. /u/ic^t • • • . hpofian^ that no one should use 
this action; i. e. that no poet should for the future bring 
forward a tragedy on this subject. It was not generally the 
custom at Athens to represent the same piece again, unless 
it had been unsuccessful in obtaining the dramatic prize ; for 
the dramatic literature of Athens was produced under the 
form of competition for prizes, determined after the repre- 
sentation by a board of judges appointed by the public au- 
thorities. 

Page 75, 1. 1. vwox^tpiay under the hand ; i. e. subject to. 

4. rc/x<a, walls ; i. e. fortresses. 

5. w€pri$€9^ beyond^ the other side of the Hellespont 

10. Tf>6wOVTm = TptWOVTOi, 

11. ptifuamf^f having consumed. 

Page 76, 1. 1,2. ovdcv .... *i«Mrt, nothing more than these 
things (i. e. the things previously related) took place tending 
to strife with the lonians, 

6. 7. 2mi . . . . SyoitMy that they would settle their disputes 
by judicial decision^ and not plunder each other. 

12. MxBiprap^ were assessed, 

15. KaraXcXv/i€M»v, having heen removed from command. 

Page 77, 1. 7, 8. rouri .... 'EXX^Msy, to those of the 
Greeks who do not accept the story, who doubt it Herodo- 
tos implies that the statement he is about to make is discred- 
ited by some of the Greeks ; either those to whom he had 
read it, or those with whom he had discussed the point, while 
making the investigations on which the history is founded. 

8 - 10. Uffurtvp .... Utpmisj tluU Otanes set forth (or 
expressed) the opinion to the Seven of the Persians^ thai the 
Persians ought to he under a democratic govemmenL The 



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020 NOTSa 9 

SeTBD of the Pentans appear to have been the heads of the 
tribes o( which the Persian kingdom consisted. 

13. xp^fta iroXX^ wt&Pj a great matter ofthips^ L e. a 
great number, or a strong force. iroXX<$y for iroXv. 

16. M . . . . 'A^^Mw, agaifut Eretria and Athens ; these 
cities having sent aid to the insurgent lonians. 

17. wp6<rxfii»a .... crr^ov, the pretext (or professed object) 
of the armammi. 

19, 20. To€ro ijJhf .. .. rmno dc, in the first place , ... in 
the second place. 

22. iwT^ M(ucfd<Wr, wiihin the Macedamas; i. e. between 
Macedonia and Persia. 

24. mtA • . . . Iffnipwy under the continent ; i. e. coasting 
close along the shore of the continent. 

25. t69 "hBw mpUfiaXXovy they endeaoored to round Athos. 
This region was, and is, one of the most dangerous on the 
coasts of Greece for navigation. 

29. Korh rptrfKoaiofj ohout three hundred. 

Page 78, 1. 1. $rjpi»d€<rr6rrit. In several other places this 
adjective is similarly used by Herodotos, as applied to the sea. 

Page 79, 1. 3. Ai«r«f£ir€ &r, Sent rounds therefore. 

4, 5. yrjif Tf Koi wd»p, earth and water. With the Persians, 
it was a solemn formula to demand of those whom they were 
about to attack, with the purpose of subjecting them to their 
power, earth and water. Compliance with the demand was 
an act of submission ; refusal was equivalent to declaring a 
resolution to resist. 

7. fuucpdgy long ships, or ships of war. 

10. vpoUrxm vlriwy brought forward by way of demand 
demanded. 

11. oirucoioro = o^^Kocrro. 

13. Koi di) icai, and especially. These particles, so com- 
bined, are used to single out a clause as having peculiar em- 
phasis and importance. 

14, 15. doxcoyrtf .... dcdcMcmii, thinking the JEginetans 
had given earth and water to the Persians, from hostility to 



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81 HEBODOTOa 521 

ikemuhe* ; M ir^m txtmasy having a purpoie against them. 
There is no tmesis here, as is sometimes supposed, iw^xtof 
TOfij means to aUack ; tx<n» M rod means to have views 
against. 

Page 80, L 6. ^tpSro ol«XXa^l^cbfwlr, tried arresting^ en- 
deavored to arrest 

8) 9. x^'^'''^ ^'^ impunity ; literally, rejoicing. 

10. d^vfpmrBhna xf>ii»oat^ induced hy money ; hired. 

11. rf Mpf /SnriXc?, the other of the two kings. The 
royalty of Sparta was double-headed, the two kings repre- 
senting the two branches of the Heracleidsa, viz. the Eu- 
r3r8thenid8B and the Proclidse. 

15. Koraxd^ttoi^y K. r. X. The reply refers to the name 
Kplos^ which signifies a ram : arm your horns with brass, as 
about to meet with a great misfortune. 

19. vnob€9(rnprisy inferior ; in what respect inferior is ex- 
plained by the following sentence. 

Page 81, 1. 4. . vpovKonnUpwwy Ionic for wpocKoBrfftamPy sit» 
ting down hy ; watching their opportunity to influence the 
king, by inflaming his resentments against the Athenians. 

8. frapaXvfft, he dismisses. 

9. awM$as -" Airodtl$as^ having appointed, 

12. 13. ivnChAfiKPot .... oydpoiroda, he dismissed them wUk 
his commands^ that^ having enslaved Athens and Eretria^ 
they should bring the slaves into his presence. 

23, 24. ou . . . . War, they did not guide the ships along 
the coast. 

Page 82, L 3. vot^vfuvoi .... trnfuiljiw^ making their passage 
this way, 

4 wp6£ d€j and in addition. 

12. oM^yoyro, they set saiL 

17. 'Pijy^, Reneay a small island separated from Delos 
by a narrow strait 

18. Mp€9 Ipol^ sacred men. The Delians were thus ad- 
dressed, in reference to the temple and worship of ApolU 
and Diana in the island. 



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632 NOTES. « 

19. ofo . . . • ifuv^ kaoing forwud wrong cpbdons agabui 
$ne. 

29. McT^ .... ^{sMx^wni, tfior he hmd set eaU thence ; 
or, after his having set sail thence^ which comes a little 
nearer the participial construction of the Greek. 

30. *ia¥i$rfy was moved ; L e. shaken by an earthquake. 
Page 88, L 8. Kofn/fpaimv^ Itadet^ in the several cities. 
9. ^uccV, wUikelf^ improbable. 

22, 23. oOn .... *AB^mn, and refused to make war npon 
neighboring cities^ meaning Ereiria and Athens. 

24, 25. is ... . 7»^^ip, wUil the Carystians came ooer to 
the views of the Persians. 

29, 30. Ttrpaiutrxi^iout .... nfjmpovs. In Herod. V. 77, 
the event is related, which explains the expression in diis 
place. ^' The Athenians,** says the historian, '^ passing over 
to £ub(Ba, fought a battle with the Chalcidians, and having 
conquered these also, left four thousand Kleruchi (L e. col- 
onists to whom conquered territories were assigned by lot) 
in possession of the land of the Hippobotsd (those rich enough 
to maintain a horse). And the wealthy Chalcidians were 
denominated HippobotsB.*' On this occasion, then, the 
Athenians directed that the three thousand colonistB, among 
whom the estates of the wealthy Chalcidians had been divid- 
ed, should go to the succor of the Eretrians. 

Page 84, 1. 2. dtttmrias Id^, two different views. 

8, 4. iicXnnuf .... EvPohiSy to leasee the cittf^ and take 
refuge among the heights of EubcBo. The words ledi ifwyttM 
may be easily supplied. It may be expressed with sufficient 
clearness, to leave the city for the heights. 

7. ciby . . . . r^ wpina. MatdiioB, Gr. 6r., ^ 438, remarks, 
^^ Proper names in the singular are often accompanied by the 
adjectives irp»rof, irop, and others, in the neuter plural, as 
predicates, or in apposition,** and illustrates the idiom by a 
variety of examples. Translate, being firsts or cM^. 

15. Uwovs .... ^fc/3<SXXoyro, they proceeded to land tike 
horses. 



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m HSB0D0T08: 583 

19. Mea, the counsel prevailed, not to leave the city. 
21. M .... iiiUpasyfor the space ofeix days. 
22, 28. Mpts .... idiufMOh men of esteem among the citi' 
sens. 

25, 26. <iirortyvv/MMM .... IfAw, taking revenge for the 
huming of the temples in Sardis. 

26. TovTo Iff, conelatiTe expression to tovto /mV ; in the 
first place • . . . «fi the second place. — Mp^fwovsy men and 
women, the inhabitants. Mpmra is of the feminine as well 
as masculine gender. 

Page 85, 1. 2* Konpytmnt sa oMpysmtt, restraining, 
cooping up. 

5. mn^^^roroy .... hftmwtwnu, the region of Attica best 
fitted for the movements of cavalry ; literally, hest fitted to 
ride in^ This describes Afaiathon exactly. The Plain of 
Marathon is about six miles from north to south, and of vary- 
ing width, having the eastern declivities of Pentelicus on the 
west and the sea on the east It is accessible from Athens 
by three ways, — one leading over a spur of Pentelicus by 
Vrana ; another by Manuhona (the name of the modem vil- 
lage) ; and a third, a more level and an easier route, from 
the southern end of the plain, through the Mesogssa. 

9. arpanryol him. Among the boards annually elected, 
one of the most important was that of the ten generals, one 
from each of the ten tribes. They appear originally to have 
been clothed with equal power, and in military expeditions 
to have taken command of the army successively. The 
inconveniences of this arrangement could not fhil to make 
themselves felt; and accordingly we find, in later periods, 
that one of the body acted as commander of the forces, and 
the others were employed in various administrative functions 
at home. 

9-11. Tw . . . . 'linroKpffirfoff, whose father, Cimon, the son 
of Stesagoras, it had befallen to he banished from Athens by 
Peisistratus, the son of Hippocrates, gmikafit is impersonal. 
f^v^ur, to go into banishment, also takes an accusative by 
the force of its meaning, tofieefirom. 



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W4 - NOTES. 88 

12. ikvftwi6^ iif9>AaBai^ to gain the Olynync victory; 
viiaiv ondeiBtood. In the next clause it is expressed. 

20f 21. KTtbKiwn . . • . Mpas^ and they kiUed him near the 
Prytaneumj having concealed men there ; wrflatofTts = v^f« 
o'arrrr, from v^thifu, 

22, 23. vtp^y • . • . ^dov, beyond the road through the so* 
called CcBk, One of the suburban demes of Attica bore this 
name. It is placed by topographers generally northwest of 
the city, near the outer Cerameicus. But in the Clouds of 
Aristophanes, they are represented as coming down from 
Fames (almost due north from the theatre, and in sight look- 
ing from the eastern side of it and along the eastern end of 
the Acropolis) diA t&p KoOltfy, — through the hollows. It 
seems likely, from the form of the expression, as indicating a 
region well known by that descriptive epithet, that the deme 
of Ccele must have been in that direction. Smith, however, 
in his Greographical Dictionary, places it in the valley of the 
Ilissus, south of the city. I cannot help thinking, from an 
inspection of the region, and from this passage in Aristopha- 
nes, that it lay somewhere in that extensive valley or hollow, 
between the city and Mount Plumes, through which the Ce- 
phissus flows, and that the 6d6g referred to by Herodotos was, 
not one of the streets of the city, but a road running through 
the valley, east and west, outside the walls on the north, — 
perhaps Uie road which Cicero took, when, before entering 
the city, he turned aside to visit the groves of Plato's Acad- 
emy. At present there are several footways which traverse 
the hollow in the same direction. 

Page 86, 1. 2. X#fKroin7<7f , Chersonesm ; i. e. the Thra- 
cian Chersonesus. 

6. durXcSov Bdparw^ a double death. In what way he wns 
thus exposed is explained in the following sentences. 

12, 13. itU^aw rvpayWdoff, prosecuted him for tyranny ; 
i. e. for assuming arbitrary power, in his government of the 
Chersonesus. 

14. dmbkxBri = drnM^jh^ ^^^ appointed. 



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m HEBODOTOS. 925 

18, 19. itupofy6ii(» .... fiAciwni, a day^courier, arid 
practising this. According to Livy, those who accomplished 
a great distance in a day bore this name. The ancient states 
generally employed many persons of this description to carry 
public messages or despatches. 

21. Bwravra = fioiawmu The construction is the accu- 
sative before the infinitive, in continuous narrative ; — de- 
pendent on fkryt in the preceding clause. 

27- 29. IdpwrcufTo .... IkdaKom-ai^ they constructed under 
the Acropolis a shrine of Pan^ and from this message they 
propitiate him with annual sacrifices and torchlight. The 
cave still exists where this chapel was made, near the north- 
west corner of the Acropolis. The torchlight was the Xoftsra- 
l^(f>opia^ mentioned as part of the principal of the great cele- 
brations in Athens ; — a game in whi<^ young men ran with 
lighted torches, the object being to carry them unextin- 
guished to the goal. 

Page 87, 1. 1, 2. dtvrtpcuos .... ^dprjfj was in Sparta on 
ike second day from the city of Athens ; the distance being 
A0\ far from one hundred and fifty miles, the exploit of 
Pheidippides was most astonishing. 

4-6. /i^ . . . . fiapPdpmify and not to look on and see a 
cityy the most ancient among the Greeks^ subjected to shxoery 
by barbarian men. ircpcidcZy means to look on and see a thing 
done, without interfering to prevent it. It is followed by an 
accusative and a participial construction. 

7. inSXi .... d<r^rvfarcf>i7, and Greece has become weaker 
by one considerable city, p6iJno¥y the law or usage referred 
to, is explained in the following sentences. 

11. UrrofMPov, The month was divided into three por- 
tions, or decades, the first of which was designated by the 
participle lardfitvos ; the second, fuaSiv\ and the third, X^ywv, 
or some similar word. In the first two, the days were counted 
from the beginning onward ; in the last, they were counted 
from the first of the following month. 

18. oMurflMrd/icvof, having regained. 



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526 NOTES m 

' 24-26. Kal . . . . iS&t€j And U happened to him, aUend- 
ing to these matters, to sneeze and cough with more violence 
than usuaL Sneezing was an omen with most ancient na 
tions; and the customary salutation, when a roan sneezes 
now, shows that the notion has not yet wholly disappeared. 
When the additional and rather singular accident of drop- 
ping out one of his teeth happened to the aged Hippias, no 
wonder the old man was alarmed, and read in it his own 
destiny. 

Page 88, 1. 5. rt/thMii, in the gromnd sacred to Hercules. 
This hero was a special object of worship to the Maratho- 
nians. 

8, 9. iptupiaro »■ diftipfirro, plup. pass, in deponent signi- 
(ication : Jiad taken upon themselves, 

14, 15. ^BabjfrM .... ^/AcoMT, for you would he enslaved 
many times before any one heard from you. 

18. ov . . . . nXoroMtfy, not so much from good^wiU to the 
Platoons, 

26. ov vcpirtdoy, did not permit it. 

28, 29. ^oy tvXrccy, that the Thebans should leave at 

liberty those of the Boeotians who were unwilling to contrib- 
ute to the BcBotians ; i. e. the BoBOtian league. The cities of 
BcBotia, of which Thebes was the most powerful, had a con- 
federacy or league ; each state managing its own afiaiis, 
and the smaller cities yielding a general control to the more 
powerful. 

30. eirr^icayro, attacked, set upon. The second aorist is 
generally employed in this sense. 

Page 89, 1. 12- 15. ^v yhp .... arpanjyoUn, for he who 
had drawn the lot by the bean to be polemarch was the elev* 
enth voter : for anciently the Athenians gave the polemarch 
an equal vote with the generals. The polemarch was the 
third of the nine annual archons ; and as beans were used in 
drawing the lots for these offices, the words «vdfi^ Xaxcir be- 
came a common expression for to be appointed to one of 
them. The polemarch appears to have been originally a 



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91 HEB0D0T08. 527 

minister of war, and, as is asserted here, to have had a vote 
with the generals in active service. This is the last time, so 
far as we know, that this officer took the field ; his civil 
f\inctions at Athens were to superintend the legal questions 
growing up among foreigners, &c., and they appear to have 
withdrawn him from the duties of a military commander. 

19. ota oM, such as not even. 

28, 29. T&w fihfy .... irvfi^aXcfiy, some advising to engage^ 
and some not to engage. 

Page 90, L 9, 10. wpoaKranu^ gains over. 

11-15. And afterwards the generals whose opinion was 
in favor ofengagingy as each one*s command came round for 
the day J surrendered it to MUtiades ; and Ae, though aC" 
cepting ity yet did not give battle^ until his own command 
came in turn. 

20, 21. €$€d€icapTo .... iXXrikUnfj the tribes followed^ as 
they were numbered^ in a line one after another. Callima- 
chus, the polemarch, had the right wing ; the divisions of 
the army were arranged, then, ui the order of the tribes to 
which they belonged, which would seem to have been indi- 
cated by numbers ; and finally the Platsean auxiliaries held 
the lef^ wing. 

29. im rd(iag Skiyas^few ranks deep. 

Page 91, I. 2. antiOria-ap = d4>tlBti<ratfy were set on J or 
started for the attack. 

8. o(hrr .... o^, they having no cavalry, ttnras^ in the 
sense of cavalry, is always feminine. 

18. ^rcrdxaro, had been posted ; plup. pass. 

19. ffd/«Mcov .... fu<r&YaiaM^ pursued them towards the mid- 
land. The Athenians were probably posted at the southern 
extremity of the Plain of Marathon, from which the march 
upon Athens would have been comparatively easy to the 
Persians. The passage this way leads, by the spur of the 
mountains which inclose Marathon, into the interior of Attica, 
si ill known by the name of Mes6g8Ba. ' According to the 
usually received explanations of the order of battle, the 



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588 KOTEa M 

Athenian forces were placed along the heights ahove the 
modern Vrana ; but an inspection of the features of the 
place would show that this position of the forces would have 
left undefended the only route to Athens accessible to a 
large body of troops, while defending the paths over the 
mountains which, then as now, were too rough and steep for 
an army to cross. Mr. Greorge Finlay, the historian, has 
written upon this subject with his usual knowledge and 
accuracy. 

Page 92, 1. 1. Tijw .... nYXcVcri, having hit hand aU of 
with an axe. 

4. tiopoKpowrofuvoij having hacked water, 

6, 7. fiovk6fitp<H .... Sarvj wishing to get the start of 
the Athenians in arriving at the city. 

7 - 10. Alrirf .... prfwrij And the charge prevailed thai 
they (i. e. the Persians) conceived this design by a device of 
the AlcnuBonida ; for that they (i. e. the Alcmseonidae) held 
up a shield for the Persians^ being now on board their ships. 

11, 12. »s vMiv tlxop rdxurra^ at the top of their speed ; 
the gen. constructed with »« rdxitrra. 

1 5. ^X^ 'HpoKkiittj^y another Heracleion, i. e. another sacred 
enclosure of Heracles. It would appear that there was one 
at Marathon and another in Athens, nearly east of the city, 
in the quarter called Cynosarges. 

16. ufrtpau^ptiBtPTts ^akripov^ ^yif^ off Phaleron^ which 
was at that time the navy-yard of Athens. 

25, 26. nkffytPTa .... fiXrjOtvra^ Stabbed^ hit. 
Page 93, 1. 1. iropaoror^y, his next man. 

12. A^Xiov r^ OrffiaUitPj to Delion^ which belongs to the 
Thebans. 

20. iPtix^ <r<t>i ^fip^y x^^^^ ^^^^ against them fierce anger* 
In the following clause, the gen. with o£a expresses the reaaoo 
of the king^s indignation. 

27. TfH<l>wrias Idtas^ three kinds of substances. 

Page 94, 1. 5. fiap€ap = /Sopctor. — KctroiKiaf = Kor^^Ktam* 

14. c^dja-amro, they gazed^ i. e. with admiration. 



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m HEBODOTOS. 68> 

SECOND PERSIAN WAB. 

For an excellent summary of the events of this vrar, see 
Smith's History of Greece, Chapters XVIII. - XX 
Page 95, 1. 3. ' Ktxapayiihov^ irritated. 

7. turr^ inSXif , cUy hy cUy, 

10. ^dovccTo, 100$ in commotion. — »iniXryo/tm>y, being 
enrolled. 

11. *r, with the gen. abs., expresses the ground of an 
action. 

Page 96, 1. 1, 2. ^ . . • • arpanvtir&M^ tJuU he ougJU^ JbrH 
having appointed a king according to the law of t?ke Per* 
sianSj so to make the expedition. 

10. pofuC6fttpa fUjj it was the established principle or rule ; 
pi. for singular. 

Page 97, I. 2. Spfjajro =: &pfiifro. 

15. KaTrjyi<rofuu «» KaBfr/ff<rofiaij introducCy establish. 

20. cVcrrouorc, attending to^ laboring upon. 

Page 98, 1. 3. rijsy Ionic, = ^s. 

6. r6 = 6. 

15. tmrjp^aif .... trouvwrtt^ began by doing injustice. 

20. dpipTfifioi ^ ivfiprtifjuuf I am resolved. 

24. awod^^fuv = (brodf (£o/i€F. 

Page 99, 1. 1. {m«(apaiprifuvttMj having been taken out oj 

the way J ^ im€(rjpofiivnv. 

4. fftbra TUfii vfuȴy each one of you. 

8. Idco^ovXfvcty, to follow my own wHl or council. 

13. Xcywv rircicfo (i^Uto) , have touched upon in your speecn. 

21. <nMTrpo^4y, concourse^ collection. 

25. ^loMfts .... icoXcoyrot, OTS coZlei loniansj Molians^ 
and Dorians. He refers to the three lines of Greek colo- 
nies occupying the western coast of Asia Minor : the .£oli* 
ans the northernmost, the lonians the central part, and the 
Donans the southern and southwestern part. 

Page 100, 1. 12. o^x . . . . X^^, ihey did not come to the 
point of fighting. 

46 



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690 NOTES. UM 

21, 22. ^(Xt^posy h€tving smoothed over, 
25) 26. rf 54 ««v, on tr^tc^ indeed^ relying. 
Page 101, 1. 12, 13. xai ^ . . , . iif»4)^pa. In this sen* 
tcnce, a supposition is put in the form of an historical fact, — 
and^ indeed^ it has happened to you to he worsted by land^ or 
by sea J or by both; i. e. suppose it to have happened so. This 
is one of the peculiar uses of the aorist tense. 
24. irayro«<K rycyoiro JkCBcuj the Scythions used every ^orL 

28. bUpyaaro Sp^ tDotdd Juxve been finished^ i. e. rmned, 
30. €ir* . . . . ytyci^o^, that the affairs of the king should 

have depended on one man. 

Page 102, 1. 4. vpoaKtyftdfupos iirl ofmrnw, having carC' 
fiUly examined by yourself, 

9. tupnifM fZpifKty has had a piece of good luck. 

18, 19. 'Eir€ix^yoi now wpfjyfia. The sentence conveys a 
universal principle, that, in all cases, undue haste produces 
errors, not haste in all things ; render, therefore, hurrying in 
any affair brings forth errors. 

Page 103, 1. 6. irapapaXXofitvcufj leaving as hostages. 

17. ^ cr* yf, an Homeric form. 

18, 19. avoyu^itfir, you advise. 

Page 104, I. 3, 4. roia-i vwapyiiipoun (ymjpyfJthoiat)^ by the 
pasty i. e. the things that have already been done by them. 

16. ov vpfjyfM €ipaiy that it was not for his interest ; liter- 
aiiy, as we say in English, that it was not the thing for him. 

20, 21. Merii . . . .'EXX<ida, Do you change your opinion^ 
and resolve not to march against Greece 7 The use of /Jf 
with the infinitive aAer certain classes of verbs, as those of 
denying, refusing, &c., is common. In this sentence, the 
construction is on the same principle. 

23. 6 <rvyyvwr6fifvofy the man who will approve^ or agree 
with. 

29. 30. dyxi<rrpo(l>a fiovkevofuu^ change my view suddenly 

30. ^p€vap . . . . o0 Ko dvfjMy for I have not yet reached 
the full strength of my intellect. 

Page 105, 1. 6. firra^doyfUvow^ neuter, nom. aba., my reso 
httion having been changed. 



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lie HERODOTOS. 531 

13, 14. T6d€ .... imaxn<rttwj thai these thingM will resuli 
from it (literally, yrom them^ the plural used for singular). 

25. dioirrcX^inv, having threatened, 

29. l>d€ .... ToOra, that it watdd happen in this way^ or 
it might be done thus. 

P&ge 106, 1. 8, 9. T«k . . . . (r^<fiXXotHn, hoth of whiehy hav" 
ing fallen to thy lot^ the intrigues ofevU men thwart. 

18. apaip€Oy you chose. 

19. lurruPTi a« /jmBupti^ abandoning. 

Page 107, 1. 1. ^oh. See Mtt ^ 455 : '' Since the prep- 
osition af^er fiaXXoy is negative in sense, o6 is sometimes used 
aAer f.^* L is not likely to appear to me any the more^ 
having your robes^ than in my own. 

4. 4t TwrovTo .... SnfKnt for it has not come to such a 
point of folly. 

17. \ry6pra ovdry, saying nothings i. e. nothing to the 
purpose. 

19. KoiTop ^sroiccro, went to bed. 

22. 6 diro(nrrvd»v, the one who dissuades. 

23. ^r d4, as if forsooth. 

24. itarairpoilfcac, shall you escape with impunity. 

25. r6 x/>««$r, the fitting thing. 

29. dfifio^aus = dpofiofitras^ crying out. 

Page 108, 1. 8. irptfiiCorra^ remaining quiet. 

12. /icrar/^ftai, change my view. 

22. irapapneroy was getting ready. 

Page 109, 1. 1. Ircft (iyo/Myf) oi the close of the year^ or^ 
as the year was waning. 

2-4. l<m .... <l>alp€<rB(UiSO that that of Darius against 
the Scythians appeared as nothing in comparison with this. 

18. h wtC^^for the land army. 

Page 110, I. 1. olmifjJpop := inoffiivw. — 1^ dc rcXcvr$, and 

where it ends. 

5. h nfir, in which. 

8* ikpfujTo voMCiy, attended to make, 
12. <rxoufor€V€g vou/od^iCMM, having made the arrangemeni 
in a line. 

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U2 KOT£S. ns 

19-2L lr« . . . . itnfiiwtwem^fur inasmuch ns ikof made 
the upp9r &nd the lower part of ike emeanaHen of the ewm 
measures^ such a result must neceesarity hofpcHj titeraDy, 
made the same meaewres ofy 4ec ; L e. the felling in of the 
banks. 

26. rvKfyor oH <A«jr kept carUracting. 

29. aXiyXf«yWi9t, ^MHuL 

90. iMMyaKofftpoavmiit^ for pride. This ofinion of Herod* 
otos may well be queadooad. The digging of the canal 
waa a judieious measure of internal impfOToment Of 
oottiise Xerxea expected to retain poaaeaaion of Greece; 
and if he had done so^ the canal would have been a faeil* 
ity and a security for his fleets in passing to and fn>. h 
is a rather curious fact, that ^is statement with regard to 
the canal is cited by the Roman satirist Juvenal as a proof 
of the lying character of the Greeks. It proves, however, to 
be only an evidence of Roman ignorance ; for the traees of 
the canal exist to this day> and have been notked by many 
travellers. It woi^d not be a very serious mdeitaking to 
clear away the rubbish, and reopen the canal lor modsni 
navigation. 

Page 11 1, 1. 5. 6fixA ikaarptwpAfas^ rewed abreast, 

9. jSv/SXiva, of papyrus. 

19. *£» r^,. KhUe, 

28. MfUXi^oov, entered* 

29. oyodidovo-i, L e. vd«p, send up water j or rise. 

Page 112, 1. 3, 4. ^y • • . « dvoitpc^iann, in which ^ skin 
of the Satyr Marsyas is suspended in the dtp ; i§ refer- 
ring to oyop^. 

13, 14. rS • • • • <W«^) <^ golden plane-tree and the vine. 
This gifl is mentioned by numerous authors, the references 
to whom are given by Bahr, who also cites Von Hammer to 
the effect that this golden tree, or one copied from it, was 
preserved in the palace of the last of the Abassid Caliphs, 
Moteassem, with the addition of golden birds and fruits. 

20-27. '£iiv2 ^/•r. For as soon as I learwed that 



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m HEBODOTOS. 538 

you were coming down to the Grecian Sea^ wishing to give 
yeu money for ike wary I made an inoesUgation^ and ascer^ 
tamed by computation that I had two thousand talents of 
silver^ and four hundred myriad (four millions, 4,000,000) 
of gold Doric staters wanting seoen theusand^ And with 
these I present you ; and for myself there is a sufieieut 
support from my slaoes and lands* The foftone of this 
Persian nohleman was enonnous. The talent of silver (A^ 
tic) was worth about 9 l,000w The gold Daric was worth 
twenty drachsias, and the drarfima about 17 cents. Tlie 
Daric, then, = $ 8.40. 

Two thousand talents of silver, ^ $ ^,000,000 

Two millions of gold Darics, = 13,576,6^0 

$ 15,576,620 
Less seven thousand Darics, 23,800 

$ 15,552,820 

Or over fifteen millions and a half of ready money. 

29. i^\6wj in the sense of leaoe^ is here constructed 
with the accusative. See Mtt ^ 87£^, Obs. 1. 

Page 113, L8,9. £Kk\. ..vwwknpmiuwii^ hut the round sum 
may he filed up by me. 

14. 4wiT€\ta iroi^af , having transacted the business, 

15. X/funjy .... yivoPToi, a lake from which salt is made ; 
«— a salt lake. 

17-19. In-fffo • . • . Moioyd^, tAen, of itnintervai of about 
five stadia^ reappearing^ it pours into the Miumder. 

25. h\ Ka^, in the direction of Carta, 

28. Mp€s . . • . voMvo'^ workmen manufacture honey out of 
tamarind and wheat, brnuMpyoi is used of the makers <^ 
sweetmeats or artificial honey in Lib. IV. ^ 199. The tam- 
arind (not tamarisk, as it is generally translated) is the 
Tamarindus Indica^ the pulp of which has saccharine matter ; 
and the honey must have been a species of confectionery, 
like the ykvK^y so generally used at the present day througl^ 
out the Eastern world. 

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584 NOTES. 116 

29. irXai^n<Fror, the palm-tree. The beauty and giaoe of 
the Oriental palm-tree are celebrated throughout the East. 
This particular tree is of^en alluded to. Xerxes embellished 
it with golden omcunents, on account of its beauty ; and left 
in charge of it one of the band of a thousand called the Im- 
mortals. See ^ian, Var. Hitt. IL 14. 

Page 114, I. 11. ^ A«v, fut of <XavM», a$ dbomi to 
WMrck. 

16. krl ZawBlwwov, in the time of Xanthippiu. 

18, 19. {mimjL .... dMfroorvtSXfvotVy tke^f naiUd him mUoe^ 
with outstretched arms^ on a planL 

20. iBiiara IpdcoM, he wa$ accustomed to commit abomi^ 
mahle acts, 

22. XwMikiPovy of white or bleached Jlax. 

23. fivfikUnip^ of papyrus, 

28. KonTmu -* KoBfani^ to let down. 

29, 30. oTtytof .... *£XXi7<nroi^rw, he despatched hranders 
with them to brand the Hellespont. B&hr says the vrtytvt 
was the branding-iron, and Gary adopts this explanation; 
but the connecticm, and especially the participle <rr(f)frar, 
•how that the agent, and not the instrument, is intended. 

Page 115, 1. 6. ^ . • . . frorofif, as being a treacherous and 
sak rioer. 

10. TAff W, i. e. yf^fw. 

The mode of construction was the following. The first 
Vridge, that towards the Euxine Sea, rested on three hundred 
and sixty penteconters and triremes; and the other, that 
towards the .£gean, on three hundred and fourteen. Both 
lines were arranged so as to head towards the Propontis ; 
and this is the meaning of hrtKopaias^ — not oblique, as it is 
generally explained. They all lay in the current of the 
Hellespont, xarii p6op^ in order to tighten the strain of the 
cordage. Blakesley justly remarks : ^Mt is impossible that 
any person who had ever constructed a pontoon bridge 
should think of mooring vessels, when stability was an ob* 
ject, in nny other position than with their heads or stems in 



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115 HERODOTOS M5 

the direction of the current; and it is such an erroneous 
assumption which has caused so much difficulty in the un« 
derstanding of this passage.*' So far so good ; but the com- 
mentator goes on to say, that, " owing to the shape of the 
channel, the set of the current is not in the line of the water, 
but oblique from one shore to the other. A vessel therefore 
laid, as it must be, if it is not soon to be carried away, in the 
line of the current, would he at an angh to the apparent line 
of the shore of the Propontis ; it would seem as if not going 
direct up the channel.*' This is an entire misapprehension. 
At the place where the bridge was laid, the shore of the Pro- 
pontis (Herodotos says nothing about the Propontis) is not vis- 
ible at all, being twenty or thirty miles off, and therefore there 
can be no reference to the apparent line of the ehore of the 
Propontis. The Hellespont flows out of the Propontis in a 
line the general dhrection of which is southwest ; the current 
is from two to four miles an hour, its direction ranging more 
or less from the line of the channel, ac^rding to the physical 
formation of the land. But this variation between the line 
•f the current and the line of the channel was not a matter 
to excite any particular attention. The general direction of 
the current, flowing at the rate above mentioned, is all that 
Herodotos alludes to. To one who has sailed up die Hel- 
lespont and examined its shores, the description of Herodotos 
is plain enough. Blakesley^s mistake and confusion arise 
from misapprehending the meaning of iniKopaiasy heading 
towards^ and from not remembering the distance of the shore 
of the Propontis from the site of the bridge. The ships were 
all heading up stream, towards the Propontis ; but nothing is 
said about their forming an angle with a line twenty or thirty 
miles distant, or with any line at all. The ships would have 
the appearance of being bound for the Euxine Sea ; and this 
is all that Herodotos means to say. 

Having been fastened together, anchors were then cast from 
the northern bridge, on the side of the Pontus, and from the 
southern, on the side towards the west and the .£gean, for 



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536 NOTES. 115 

seourity agaimt the winds. In three ptoces, a narrow pas- 
sage was left, that small boats might pass into and out of the 
Pontus. This having been done, the cordage — two cables 
of white flax and four of papyrus to each bridge — were 
stretched from shore to shore, and tightened by the wooden 
capstans. The cables were of the same thickness and qual- 
ity^ but the linen ones were heavier in proportion. Trunks of 
trees were then sawed as long as the width of the vessels, 
and laid over the cordage and secured there. Over these 
fascines were laid ; and over the fascines earth was spread^ 
and trodden hard, and a railing was built on each side, that 
the beasts of burden might not be frif^tened by looking over 
into the water. 

In the Life and Travels of Herodotos, by L T. Wheeler, 
there is a description of the building of the bridges, generally 
correct, but erroneous in one or two particulars. It is said 
(Vol. I. pp. 368, 369) : '' Each bridge now consisted of a 
line of ships moored from side to side across the strait, having 
their iterns towards the Euxine and their prowe towards the 

Mgean, Both bridges ran somewhat obliquely across 

the channel, in order that the current mi^t keep up die 
tension of the cables ; but the bridge nearest the .£gean ran 
in a much more slanting direction than the other, because, 
owing to the shape of the channel in that part, the set of the 
current is not in the line of water, but oblique from one 
shoro to the other.^' As to the first assertion, that the 8ten» 
of the ships were towards the Kuxine and the prows to- 
wards the iEIgean, it is in direct contradiction to Herodotos, 
and would make a very absurd arrangement Common 
sense would dictate to the builders the necessity of placing 
against the current the end which would present the smallest 
resisting surface, i. e. the prow ; and the rudder would cause 
DO little embarrassment, if the stem were against die current ; 
while, in the direction of the current, it would be useful in 
steadying the vessel. There is no authority for the state- 
ments in the second sentence, that the bridges ran obliquely 



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m HERODOtOS. 087 

across the channel, and that the bridge nearest the ^geao 
ran more obliquely than the other. In the second Yolume of 
the Travels in Albania by Lord Broughton (Hobhouse), pp. 
192, 193, new edition, the points from which the bridges ex- 
tended on both sides are well determined. ^^ Sestos," says the 
well-informed traveller, **waa not opposite to the Asiatic 
town, nor was the Hellespont in this place called the Straits 
of Sfestos and Abydos, bat the Straits of Abydoe. Sestos was 
so much nearer the Propontis than the other town, that the 
ports of the two places were thirty stadia, more than, three 

miles and a half, from each other. The Thiacian side 

of the strait, immediately opposite to Nagara, is a strip of 
stony shore projecting from between two high cliffs ; and to 
this spot, it seems, the European extremity of Xerxes* bridges 
must have been applied ; for the height of the neighboring 
difls would have prevented the Persian monarch from ad- 
justing them to any other position. There is certainly sonH^ 
ground to believe diis to have been the exact point of the 
shore, called from that circumstance Apohathra ; since there 
is, within any probable distance, no other flat land on the 
Thracian side, except at the bottom of deep ba3r8, the choice 

of which would have doubled the width of the passage 

The bridges were on the Propontic side of Abydos, but on 
the opposite quarter of Sestos; that is to say, they were 
cm the coasts between the two cities, but nearer to the first 
than to the last; and supposing the few ruins before men- 
tioned, about a mile from Nagam, to belong to Abydos, that 
point answers sufficiently to the spot on the Asiatic coast to 
which the pontoons were aflixed.** 

Page 1 10, 1. 8- 10. x*''^*' P^^^ or moles^ which were run 
out at both mouths of the canal, to prevent their being 
choked up by accumulations of sand. 

13-22. 'QpfiTifxfp^ .... fkatnv. The description of the 
eclipse of the sun, and its efiects, is very striking ; but there 
are some difficulties about the hcta, B&hr quotes the astron- 
omers to the eflect that there was an eclipse of the sun 



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NOTES. lit 

in the spring of A. c. 481, visible in Asia Minor, and another 
m the autumn of b. o. 479, whereas the expedition of Xerxes 
belongs to b. c. 480. He offers no solution of the difficulty, 
but supposes HerodotoB to have related the occurrence as he 
heard it ; and as to the discrepancy of a year, he remarks 
that much greater discrepancies are now found in the history 
of transactions related with perfect good faith. Blakesley 
oapposes that later traditions connected the eclipse of b. g. 
481 with the transit of Xerxes in 480, since it is quite impos- 
nble to reconcile the passage of the army in the year 481 
with the general chronology of the history of Herodotos. 
Clinton takes a somewhat different view. It does not seem 
very probable that, in the comparatively short time between 
the march of the Persians and the investigations of Herodo- 
tos, a fictitious story of the consultation of the Magi, and their 
interpretation of the eclipse in direct application to the inva- 
sion of Greece, could have taken the place of the true history. 
It seems more likely that some other mistake should have 
been made, and the connection between the phenomenon, 
whatever it was, and the march, may be preserved. In the 
Transactions of the Royal Society of London for 1853, pp. 
179 - 200, there is a paper by Professor Airy, Astronomer 
Royal, on " The Eclipses of Agathocles, Thales, and Xerxes." 
He examines this passage in Herodotos, and then compares 
the elements of the eclipse which occurred in the morning 
of the 19th of April, b. c. 481 ; ^^ the only solar eclipse,** 
he justly remarks, " which it is worth while even to examine.** 
According to his computation, ^^ it will be found that there 
could not be even a partial eclipse for Sardes; the whole 
penumbra having entered completely upon the earth before 
sunrise at Sardes." This eclipse, then, must be set wholly 
out of the question. I quote part of a paragraph from the 
paper of Mr. Airy, who endeavors to show the possibility of 
referring the account to some other phenomenon. ^^ First, I 
cannot doubt that there was something unusual and alarm- 
ing, as the solemn consultation of the Magi by Xerxes seems 



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lie HERODOTOS 

to have been a matter of notoriety. Secondly, Herodotos 
repeatedly expresses himself doubtful in matters of detail 
which occurred during the moyements of Xerxes on the 
eastern side of tho ^gean Sea. Thirdly, the notion that the 
Sun was the peculiar divinity of the Greeks, and the Moon 
that of the Persians, is entirely opposed to all that we know 
of the religious ideas of the Persians generally, and of Xerxes 
in particular. For instance, when Xerxes was preparing to 
cross the Hellespont, he waited for the rising of the sun, and 
then addressed to the sun his prayers for success. The 
Greeks, however, appear to have attached great impor* 
tance to the appearance of the moon, as is evident from their 
terror, and its calamitous consequences, at the lunar eclipse 
in the Syracusan war (Thucydides, Lib. VII.). The reply of 
the Magi, therefore, which, as given by Herodotos, is on the 
face of it absurd, would seem to be much more plausible if 
we suppose that the information received by Herodotos was 
wrong in one particular, and that the observation in question 
was an eclipse of the moon instead of the sun.'^ 

The learned astronomer then proceeds to show that there 
was an eclipse of the moon on the morning of the 14th of 
March, b. c. 479, which corresponds sufficiently to the cir- 
cumstances of the history. He gives the elements of this 
lunar eclipse, and the result is that it was " a total eclipse, 
nearly central, and it is probable that the moon dis- 
appeared completely, and was lost for nearly two hours." 

This eclipse, Mr. Airy thinks, is the one on which the 
story in Herodotos is founded. If so, it would make the sub- 
sequent events in the Persian war a year later than the dates 
commonly assigned to them. 

It appears to me that the explanation of Mr. Airy is at 
least probable. The time of the year — March — in which 
the eclipse occurred, is the season in which Xerxes would 
naturally have set out on his campaign. April, the month 
of the solar eclipse of 481, is a little too late ; and if the cal- 
culations of Mr. Airy are correct, it could not by any possi- 
bility have been this eclipse, on other grounds. 



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iM IFOTES. in 

The phenomenon of a total ecUpse of the moon, eariy in 
the moniiBg, juat aa the army were beatirring themaelYoa and 
getting ready to set out, would be alarming and ominooa m 
the highest degtee, — quite as much so^ perhaps, as an 
eclipse of the sun ; and the Magi would much DM>re natii> 
rally have interpreted an eclipse of the moon as p<Mrtending 
the desolation of the cities of their enemies, than an eclipse 
of the sun, — the luminary which they worshipped in an 
especial manner. An eclipse of the sun would more nat- 
urally be considered as portending calamity to his own woiw 
dippers. But either an eclipse of the sun or one of the 
moon woudd be a formidable event to those who knew not 
the causes of these astronomical phenomena. 

20. npodtKTopa =s vpodc/cropo. 

35, 26. xp^^* • • • • ^^^9 Wovidst Own hutoto am me 
mmeihing which 1 thotdd desire to obtain 7 

27-29. X*p$rf9 .... d4ono^ Xerxes^ thinking thai he vxndd 
desire anphing rather than what he did want^ said he would 
gratify him, and then hade him eay what he wanted. 

Page 117, 1. 1. KaTakafA$6a^€t. The subject of this is the 
following infinitive, or rather the clause, accompanying you- 
against Greece falls upon them all ; that is, it happens thai 
aU of them are .accompanying you to Chreeee. Blakesley 
endeavors to discredit the story; but it is quite consonant 
to the ferocity of Oriental despotism, whether in ancient or 
modem times. 

12. T&y . . . . (nWirco^ai, who ought with your whole house- 
hold, wife and aU, to follow me, — > 19. Xa/i^«ai s= X^/^tu — > 
21. Tov irf/Mcxfot ftdXurra, whom you cling to most, whom 
you prize most highly. Blakesley says: **It would seem 
that the anger of Xerxes was mainly excited by the request 
of Pythius being made for his eldest son, who, according to 
Oriental ways of thinking, would be the most precious of 
his children.'^ — 80. T^ . . • . {<rar, where half were by^'ue. 
half had passed hy, for that is the force of hwtpiifdv^n in thia 
pittoe. 



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m HEBOBOTOS. Mt 

Page 118, 1. 1. Mtfvra duXtXcurto, here an interval had 
been left. — 20, 21. mwos .... ^oXcXry/Mi^, and titter these^ 
amoiher thousand cavalry ^ selected from the Persians, — . 
24. pouiSy pomegranates. These appear to have beeo sa- 
ored syniboUu Layard, as cited by Blakesley, ^^ found the 
pomegranate among the sacred symbols oo the Nimroud 
sculptures.'^ To which Blakesley adds: '^ A Parthian with 
a short spear, at the extremity of which is a sphere, is fig- 
ured by Hope.*' The significanoe of the symbol w not 
known, though Blakealey remarks that ^^ it seems likely that 
the productivity of nature was symbplized by the fruit, re- 
markable as it was (ot the nuraber of seeds it contained." 

Page 119, 1. 6, 7. T^r . • • • y^, and haoing taken Ida an 
his left hand^ he proceeded to the Bian land. — 1&. On/^n' 
Wbi, to gaxe upon the places and objects within the view from 
the hill. The prospect has been ofV^n described, and it is 
much admired. 

18. TOMi ^puffh io the heroes ; i. e. to the heroes of the 
Trojan War, supposed to hi^ve been buried in the plain below, 
which has several barrows or oiounds, to which the names of 
Ajax, Hector, and Achilles have been attached by tradition^ 
and which still form a striking feature in the scenery of that 
celebrated region. They are in full sight of the voyager as 
he pasaes along the Trepan coast and enters the Hellespont 

29. ifAik\a¥^ a contest ; i. e. a trial of speed. 

Page 120, 1 23. ykvtAp .... aUȴa^ haoing given a taste 
of sweet life. 

Page 121, 1. 7. xoUi » wow. — 24. virQdi£/»y, capable of 
receiving, — 30. r^ . . • . kX«wT6fUPos^ dravm. on unawares. 

Page 122, 1. 10. Kptaxroif = Kp€urvor. — 20. it t dwofuof, 
to what a pitch of power. — 26. c^'Xci xarmfH^irBtu^ are woni 
to be accomplished. In this form of expression we observe 
the germ of the modem future with the auxiliary. 

Page 123, 1. 8. "UWi^v wwra»^ w^v 'A^Mu«»y, all loniOf 
egeept the Athenian. The Athenians belonged to the loniaa 
moe. The expression is remarkable as showing the identi- 
46 



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543 NOTES. m 

fication, in the popular conception, of the widely aepamted 
branches of the lonians. — 10. rovt irmpas^ their fathers^ in 
allasion to the colonial relation between the Asiatic loniaas 
and the Athenians. — 22. yiw/ia, knowledge of. The word is 
unusual, but occurs once in Sophocles, Trach. 593, and onoe 
in JSschylus, Ag. 1274 : 

Kayo^ roiovrov yp^ftarot Kotwmif6t ^ 
9flil}tCofud n dpaw. 
In this passage it means opimon. 

Ptige 124, 1. . 19, 20. tCx^ro wp^ r^w ifXior, prayd^ look* 
ing towarde the mn, not merely prayed to the sun. The 
sun-worship was veiy preyalent in the East 

Page 125, 1. 16. r/ . . . . Utpaji^ why in the worlds heanng 
Kkened yovreelf to a Persian man. 

Page 126, 1. 1. t(m .... nkimv. The construction of the 
accusative instead of the genitiye here is unusual. Blakesley 
says correctly, ^^ Perhaps t(m w)Jmif is to be regarded as a 
single verb governing the accusative rAr 'EXX^onroymir in the 
sense of evacuating^ — 2. ni . . . . frcfov, doing the opposite 
of the land force. — 3, 4. M . . . . wotcvfifvof, making for the 
Sarpedonian headland. — 12. hr* oS, (iflter which. — 28. ape- 
infxop, repaired. 

Page 127, 1. 19, 20. ^ . . . . cirM^vro, inasmuch as there 
were not ships enough in number^ in Greece^ to receioe the 
assailant, , 

Page 128, 1. 7. r^i^iw KtB&ptf (xirw^tr), protections of 
walls, walls. — 24. lura yc, at least next to. 

Page 129, 1. 2. xpi^ responds. — Z-\4i. The general 
meaning of the oracle is a warning to the Athenians to leave 
their city. No part of it is safe from impending destruction. 
Fire, and Ares driving his Syrian chariot, will overthrow it. 
He will destroy other towers, and not alone those of Athens. 
He will give to wasting fire many other temples of the im- 
mortals, which now stand flowing with sweat and shaking 
with fear. Black blood has been poured down over the top- 
most roofs, foreseeing the necessities of evil. But go forth 
from the temple, and open your mind to evils. 



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flt HERODOTOS. 548 

It will be observed that in this response of the Pythoness 
the words of command pass from plural to singular, and 
then from dual to plural. Such transitions are not unknown 
elsewhere; but here perhaps they may be intended as ex- 
pressions of the agitated state of her mind. The Syrian 
chariot is the Asiatic chariot ; i. e. the Persian. The tem- 
ples flowing with sweat, and black blood pouring down over 
the roofs, are in accordance with a superstition, that the 
statues and temples of the gods foreboded the approach of 
impending danger, by dripping with perspiration and blood. 
The messengers are ordered to open or spread their minds 
to the misfortunes approaching their country. This has been 
variously explained. Some interpret. See haw to meet the 
evils that threaten ; apply your mind to them. Others, Op" 
po$e strength of mind to the evils that threcUen ; arm yowr- 
selves with courage, I am inclined to think that the words 
KoKots d^ hrucidwan Ovft/iw mean no more than make tip your 
minds to submit to the evils^ which are now impending over 
your country. 

16. avfufiopj .... Ixp^nwTo^felt it as the greatest ofealam" 
ities. To use a calamity is to feel one's self in a calamitous 
condition. This expression, and others analogous to it, are 
often used by Herodotus. Carey translates, deemed it a very 
great calamity. But it is something deeper than to deem ; it 
is to feel, to experience, to find one's self positively in a par- 
ticular condition. — llpo^dXXotKn, casting themselves prostrate^ 
used figuratively for giving themselves up to despair, — 18. 
T«»v .... fioKurra^ one of the most respectable of the Delphians. 

26, sqq. The second oracle was considered by the mes- 
sengers as more favorable to the Athenians. The god says 
to them, that Pallas cannot entirely appease Olympian Zeus ; 
but he will tell them, making it like adamant, that when all 
else is captured, Zeus gives to the Triton-bom (Athena) a 
wooden wall to be alone unplundered, to protect the sons of 
Athens. But they must not await the coming of the cavalry 
or the foot, by land, but, turning their backs^ retire. You 



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ta KOTE& m 

shall stiff, in time, foce diem. O divine Salamis ! thou shah 
destroy the ofibpring of women, either when Demeter is 
scattered or gathered in, L e. either in seed-time or harvest 

Page 130, I. 9. irwyypafdfuvoi^ ketoing tDtitten daum. — 
12. <rvp€4FTffKvuu fuSXftcTTv, fuost opfosed. ^' The metaphor is 
taken from the matching of two athletes, who stand up to- 
gether to pat their strength to trial.^^ Blakesley. — 15. ^7- 
xf 1 u^h a palisade. — 16. trvM/ldXXoiTo, conjectured. — 18. 
T^ SKka 6mrrm9^ abandtmlng other things. — 19. ta^nKkt^ 
pwnled* — M, 37. ^v .... irc^y, there was a nutn of 
the Athenians^ who had lately come forward among the fore- 
most. — 29, 30. o^ .• . • . <rvfi/3dXX«<rtfai, denied thai the tii- 
terpreters of oracles had explained these lines correctly ^ in 
any respect. 

Page 181> 1. 14-20. The mines hers spoken of wero 
the silver mines of Laureioa, at the southern extremity of 
Attica, which were worked for the city, at a great profit. — 
22, 23. Al dc . . . . 4yivoifTOy And they (these ships) were not 
indeed employed for the purpose for which they were con- 
structed^ i. e. for the .^inetan war; hU thus they were 
ready for a time ef need to Hellas. 

Page 132, 1. 1. SvXX<yo^mHi*i', holding m congress. ** Where 
the place of congress was, does not appear from this passage ; 
but from ^ 172 it would appear to have been at the Isthmus, 
which in later times was the rendezvous for the members of 
the LacedsBmontan hegemony.^' Blakesley. — 15. irvyucv- 
^oyrrr, banding together ; i. e. uniting their forces and co- 
operating. The word is used metaphorically, the figure 
being taken from the rowers bending to the oars together. — 
21. cfrdiOTOi, discovered or detected. — 25. rwy nmn do^w- 
tftSpfotr^ some of his body^guardy lit spear ^hearers. 

Page 138, I. 14. icofwftJfww, hound for. — 22. i}/A«r .... 
irapaKOfit{orr€9y transporting com for us. The com trade 
between Greece and the countries bordering on the Euxine 
was very important from the earliest times; and Xerxes 
must have depended upon supplies from the same prodoc* 
tive regions. 



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.I<S HEBODOTOS. 5tf 

Page 134, 1.7-10. Tbe meaning of this oracle is, that tibe 
Argives should hold themselves neutral, or keep an armed 
neutrality. — E2(r» . . , . l^cro, Keeping thy lance in reet^ le 
upon thy guard. 

Page 135, 1. 8. wnpu^tr0M^ thai they vxndd treat thenu 

Page 136, 1. 23, 24. crcid^ .... ^on^c, Hnce their arwu 
had been unpro^erous against the Lacedamonians. 

Page 137, 1. 4. x^kipl»v Bwv, By the x^(<m B90L aie 
meant, either certain deities of the lower world, whose wor- 
ship was secret, or, which seems much more probable, Ceres 
and Proserpine, whose worship was introduced into Sicily by 
Dimomenes. 

Page 138, I. 17. cWcin^yraf, driven owt^ banished. — 23. 
Tt\ffs .... ciro«c«ro, extending his power ^ he made less ac' 
eaufU of Crela. 

Page 139, 1. 15. napakofiy^iouMvovt = trapaXip^fihicvs. — * 
22. dvj^/itor. The genitive here is governed by some word 
understood, you have reached a high degree of power. — 24. 
irvvffXrv^€/>ov, help in liberating. — 28. r& dc . . . . SKtym^ 
and the part of Hellas that was saved should be smaU. 

Page 140, 1. 4, 5. voXX^ ^mcm, pressed hard tqfon 
ihem^ strongly urged against them ; like the Demosthenian 
phrase, woXw pcW. — 24. tir' f , on condition. — 30. imtptu^ 
fnjoBcu^ to have been deprived. 

Page 141, L 5. &pa aa /^b/xi. — 8. 3yc^dca .... ^/mSv. 
The expression is peculiar and idiomatic ; literally, re* 
proaches^ descending into a man^ love to fetch up his tern- 
per; reproaches cast upon a man are woal to rouse his 
temper. — 25. aTpaTriy^a€tf = orpanTy&F foiy, shaU be general 

of 

Page 142, 1. 1. Mji = f<^, permit. — 6, 7. W . . . . 

{fftiutptrity if ire, Athenians y should yield to the Syracusans 
the chief command, — 8. furopdtmu^ emigrants. — 12, 13. 
vfuU .... c^fiV) you seem to have those who command^ but 
not about to have those who will obey. — 14-17. ovx . . • • 
i^Qpaifnfrai^ you cannot be too soon in returning back^ and 

46* 



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546 NOTES. Ite 

reporting to Greece that the spring hoe been struck Jrom her 
year. The illustration is attributed by Aristotle to Pericles, 
in the Funeral Oration, though it is not found in any of the 
orations reported by Thucydides : " The youth were swept 
from the city like the spring struck from the year." Mr. 
Webster, in his Speech to the Young Men of Albany, in 
185 1 , made a happy use of this beautiful illustration. Works, 
Vol. n. p. 692. 

Page 143, 1. 12-14. W . . . . iroXt/iow, it is necessary to 
guard the Olympic pass^ that Thessaly and all Hellas may 
he sheltered from the war, *^ By these words the Thessa- 
lians meant, I conceive, not only the entrance to Thessaly 
by Tempe, but also the road over the mountains, which 
Xerxes did take." Blakesley. 

Page 144, 1. 14. appMrj fjp rh imBop^ it was fear whidi 
persuaded, — 17. rj inp df^ Ka\ . . , . Sc/)^a>, wherCy in facL 
the army of Xerxes did pass through. 

Page 145. The description here of the region neighbor- 
ing Thermopyte, notwithstanding some changes wrought 
upon it in the course of so many centuries, is still very cor- 
rect. The valley at the head of the Maliac Gulf is consid- 
erably enlarged by the deposits of the Spercheios and Dyras, 
and by materials washed down from the mountains by the 
rains, and the beds of the Spercheios and Asopos have been 
changed. Yet the general features of the scenery may be 
clearly made out, the changes not having been by any means 
so great as travellers usually assert. The lines and limits of 
the pass itself are distinctly marked, excepting where the 
deposit of the springs has raised the surface by covering the 
former ground with a thick crust ; and b the rainy season, 
which converts the formed land into a reedy marsh, covered 
with water, in some places several feet deep, it would be 
quite as difficult for an army to force its way through, against 
a small opposing body, as in the time of the Peraian invasion. 
The mountains on the west of the pass are lofly, precipitous 
and savagely picturesque ; and the whole scene, independent 



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m HEBODOTOS. 5«7 

of its historical associations, is one of the grandest in Greece 
The hot springs still gush from the moimtain*sicle ; and as 
the traveller approaches the spot he sees a cloud of vapor, 
like steam, rising from the mill, whose wheel the combined 
waters of the springs, turned into an artificial channel down 
the sloping ground, are made to carry. The mill works 
night and day, and grinds the com of five-and-twenty vil- 
lages. The upper room, rudely built like the tower of a 
feudal castle, commands the apptDaches from all directions, 
and the proprietor has furnished it with guns, pistols, and 
sabres, for defence against the robbers, who, 9s in ancient 
times, find themselves secure among the rocks of (Eta. It 
was at a small distance — namely, in the valley of the Sper- 
cheios — that one of the most famous actions m the Greek 
Revolution took place, — the battle between Mechmet-Pacha 
and Diakos. The latter was defeated, taken prisoner, carried 
to Zeitoun (Lamia), and there put to death, with the fero- 
cious cruelty which marked the conduct of the Turks. The 
name, memory, and tragical fate of this early victim in the 
cause of liberty and national independence will be for ever 
associated, in equal honor, with the glories of Leonidas. 
Byron sang 

" Of the Three Hundred grant bat three 
•To make a new Thermopyleo.'* 

This prayer was almost literally fulfilled by Diakos and two 
of his officers, Kalyvas and Bakoiannes, who, lefl with only 
a handful of soldiers, fought with a bravery worthy of the 
place and its heroic memories. The history of this glorious 
event in the modern annals of Greece is given, with great 
vivacity and classical power, in the> second volume of the 
Histery of the .Greek Revolution by Mr. Tricoupes. The 
passage is inserted in the Selections from Modem Greek 
Writers, by the present Editor (pp. 48 - 58), and well de- 
serves to be compared with the celebrated narrative of He- 
rodotus. 



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MB NOTES. tti 

For an imefesting aketch of the feature! of Tliennopylse, 
and a compcuriaon of its present aspect with the descriptions 
of Herodotoe, Straho, and Livy, see Leakeys Northern 
Greece, Vol. II. pp. 5-64. 

1 1. Aypagj the modem Gourgo. — 14. MiXas^ now known 
as the Mavra Neria, or BlackwaUn, — 20. duMoip^^ a gorge. 

— 23. «o/m{, a stream, so called, as Colonel Leake sug- 
gests, on accoimt of its red deposit 

Page 146, L 5, 6. The ancient month of the Asopoa 
appears, from tins description, to have heen at some distance 
to the east of its present course. In ^this neighhorhood was 
the temple of the Amphictyonic I>dmeter, and the place where 
the autumn meetings of the Amphictyonic Council were held. 

— 29. wpoa^KifMH .... ^pfjv^ to he looked for every day. 
Page 147, 1. 18. i( Atrpoa^oKrjTovj unexpectedly, — 19, 20. 

imkrikaro .... paatkffvft^ he had been excluded from aU 
thought of the kingdom. 

Page 148, 1. 2. fo . . . . fjofilCeiPy hecause vehement accm- 
sations had heen brought against them,, thai they faoored the 
Persians. — 17. diwptwA^ro for duyivcofuu, they purposed. 

Page 149, 1. 7, 8. Twt .... tcrtPiCoiuvovt^ He saw some of 
the men taking gymnastic exercise^ and others combing their 
hair. This was one of the customs of the Lacedsemonians 
just before engaging in a dangerous conflict — 11, 12. dXo- 
yiifg .... fl-oXX^r, he met with great neglect ; they took no 
notice of him. — 28, 24. *E/iol .... cori. My chief effort i* 
to maintain tlie truth in your presence. — 25. awUarm = 
dtJHyfUPoi (lot. 

Page 150, 1. 18. irayr/ rt^, to every one. 

Page 151, 1. 1. aXcffv, in close order. — 20. tpmpmw =z 
cW^poy. — 22. 'EiridXn;?, lonic for "E^uiXnTr. — 24, 25. 
tf<l>fHurt .... Ofp/ioirvXar, made known to Jnm the path leading 
over the mountain to Thermopyla. — 29. dpyCptotf intof* 
pCx^y ^ P^ce was set iq)on his head. — 80. KorijXB^ y^^for 
he had returned from exile. 

Page 152, I. 20, 21. 'apfuaro orparoircdov, They set 



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I£t HEBODOTOS. 6i9 

out about hanfUghl for the camp. — 25. feorcdcdcicTo, it had 
been proved. On the route of Hydanies, Colonel Leake ha«i 
the following remarks : " In regard to the route of Hydames 
from the plain of Trachis, oyer Mount Callidromos, otherwise 
named Anopsea, to Alpeni, there can be little doubt, from 
the words of Herodotos, that it began by ascendhig the ra- 
vine of the Asopos, which, having a direction to the east- 
ward, and being perfectly concealed, was thus well adapted 
to the object of the movement of Hydames. After following 
the ravine for some distance, a rugged and circuitous ascent 
would conduct him to Dhamasti, from whence the route was 
comparatively easy to Dhrakospili^ a little beyond which was 
probably the position of the Phocians. After engaging with 
them until they retreated to the neighlxHring summit of the 
mountain now called Sarfmata, he descended by the torrent, 
which I crossed at 2.90, and, turning westward on arriving 
at the modem route from Pundonitza (Budonitza) to Ther- 
mopylee, reached, without any further difficulty, the position 
of Alpeni, and the eastern end of the pass. As be quitted 
the camp of Xerxes in the dusk of the evening, and arrived 
at the Phocian position at daybreak, he was about eight hours 
on his march, the transaction having taken place Sn the be- 
ginning of August Even if the road had been as good as the 
ground could possibly adroit, the distance could not have been 
less than twelve miles. On considering, therefore, the steep- 
ness of the ascent from the vale of the Asopos, the varied 
surface of the mountain in the upper region^ the necessary 
halts and the other delays inoidental to the march of ten 
thousand men by such a path as the historian has described, 
partly through a thick forest and in the night, the time does 
not seem too much in proportion to the distance to be per- 
formed. The descent was not much less than the ascent in 
actual distance, but was very different in other respects, be- 
ing little encumbered with rugged ground or forests; and 
the march was performed by day. These causes com- 
bined would produce a great dimirution in time; so that 



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ft50 NOTES. 151 

Hydarnes probeUy was not more than (hre hours in the de- 
scent, including the delay occasioned hy the skirmish with 
the Phocians, and may have arrived at Alpeni ahout nine 

o^clock in the forenoon The stillness of the dawn, 

which saved the Phocians from heing surprised, is very char- 
aracteristic of the climate of Greece in the season when the 
occurrence took place, and, like many other trifling circnm* 
stances occurring in the history of the Persian invasion, is an 
interesting proof of the accuracy and veracity of the histo* 
rian." Northern Ghneece, Vol. IL pp. 53, 55. 

Page 154, 1. 2. ioMuf is rh Ipd, looking tnto, examining 
the sacrifices, — 5. IVi . . • . c/^/igi«av, had communicated hy 
signal in the night, — 14, 15. o^ic . • . . c^pm^M, that it 
was not becoming. — 16. Tavrjf .... d/u^ I am most strongly 
inclined to this opinion^ namely, the view which is explained 
in the following sentences. -^21, 22. *EK€xpi;n> .... Zfrap- 
TirfTjfai^ A response had been given by the Pythia to the Spar^ 
tans. 

27, sqq. The substance of the oracle was, O inhalntants 
of Sparta, either your great and famous city is to be de- 
stroyed by Perseid men (of the race of Perseus), or it shall 
mourn a slain king, of the race of Hercules. For the strength 
of bulls and lions shall not hold out against him. He has 
the might of Zeus. Nor will he withhold, until he has whol- 
ly taken as his share one or the other ; i. e. either Sparta 
or her king. 

Page 155, 1. 10, 11. rh dpitcoBtw^ by ancient descent. — 
20, 21. ir . . . . nottvfitpof^ regarding them as hostages. — 
26. ayoprjt .... n^tiBApfjv^ at the hour of full market^ about 
the middle of the forenoon. 

Page 156, 1. 15. iFapaxpt^fuvol .... dtvorrrr, reckless and 
frantic. 

Page 157, 1. 5, 6. MtvTtw .... vtUos^ then the contest 
changed its character. — 7. i\B6pT€g .... OrjPai»9, all in a body^ 
coming to the hilly except the Thebans^ took their position 
there. They withdrew within the wall in a body, and made 



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m HSRODOTOS. 561 

their last stand on n rising ground ; probably the height 
nearest the hot springs, whicth appears to be the spot of the 
polyandriofiy where the marble lion was placed, m honor of 
the Spartans who fell there. 

Page 158. Of the three inscriptions, that in honor of the 
Spartans is the most celebrated, and justly. It would be im* 
possible to compress into two lines more of lofly and devoted 
patriotism* 

** Stranger, tbe tidings to the SpartMB tell, 
That here, obeying their commands, we fell'' 

Page 159, L 25» fiiya .... "EXXodo, haoing made it a great 
paini thai Greece ehmdd he saved. 

Page 160, 1. 17. vtrticBiwrfUj remove to a place of safety. 

Page 161, L 12 - 17. "Ex ... . ntpiytf^oBoL, Now they (the 
Persians) did not choose to sail directly upon them^for these 
reasons, lest perchance the Greeks^ seeing them approaching^ 
should betake themselves to JUghty and the darkness should 
cover their flight {and to he sure they were about to make 
their escape) ; hut^ as they counted, not even a torch-hearer 
was to he allowed to survive hy escaping. ^^Not even a 
torch-bearer, or fire-bearer,*' is a proverlvial expression im- 
plying utter destruction, so that not even a messenger should 
be lefl to carry the news of the disaster. The irvy)^<ipor was 
either the person attached to the army who had charge of 
the sacrificial fires, or a torch-bearer (according to a Scho- 
liast on Euripides) who gave the signal for battle by throw- 
ing a burning torch or brand between the armies. — 19. 
liioBw IkMw, outside of Sciathos. A glance at Kiepert's 
map of Greece will make this mancBuvre of the Persians 
perfectly clear. — 25, 26. ami .... htiBfiataBaty not them' 
selves having it in mind that they should on this day assault 
the Greeks. 

Page 162, 1. 3. vavtjylQ .... yttfOfMP^, in the shipwreck 
which took place at Pelion ; i. e. on the coast of the moun- 
tain range of Pelion. 

The description of the storm which wrecked a portion of 



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66a tKrrsB. m 

the Persiaii fleet on this rough tad foeky eoMt te not includ- 
ed in these extracts. It is in the foUowhig words : ^^ *0 M (I4 
pavriK^s arfMfht tml n 6ppafMf lirXcf , Ka\ lutrtvx' ^ M a ywy v^ i 
X^PV^ ^f ^^ o/ytoX^ r69 immto^v KatrBeamhft rr irAior ^ifrra mi 
2ffwMot dKTrjtj al puh dfj frp&rag rmf www i^fitow frp6t yS, SXXm 
t* lir* iMirfum hr* ayKvp4mw {8t9 yhp too tJiytdKw l6imK 06 M<7<^ 
Xov) irp6Kpomrai Spfteotfto 4t w^rrWj lud M Sitrit i4at. rttvrrfp piw 
n)r tltt>p6vfiw ovrm, ^Afui di SpOpf<, i( tdBpbit rf kA w if P t fdi i u t^v 
Bakdartnis froticnyff, Mm ff4 a^ X^^l"^^ ^ P^^V^ ^ iraXX^ Swtjiof 
iarriKimrfit^ rhi¥ di) 'EXXiycnroyr^Ty mdkimHn ol wtpH rovra rk x*P^ 

nil o^tW Tf mpajatof itai td Mcr «^r<6r* fctif ^ rwr wtmp furap*^ 
mat TKafi€^ ritf fth i^^€p9 wp6t ^Iwwow mktoftof&vt ro^ hf Iliy- 
X/f , rht di it t6p atyuxMif • al M irrp) o^ri^ rJ^ ^rftnit^ frepc^ 
irtirtoy • ol M ^ McXOmot irdXiF, eAbiU Kaii0 amdi i 9 iff/S/Mbrcrorro. 
i|v re Tov xf^/tSvot XP'if*^ inftiptfnif,^^ 

On the subject of this wreck, and ^ peoulianties of the 
region where it occurred, the commentators generally hsfe 
not been well informed. Bfthr thinks the fyni (Oens) 
were rocks running out into the sea, on the shore of Sepias. 
L Talboys Wheeler, in his excellent Geography of Herodolos, 
p. 87, says : ^* The Ovens were probably concealed crags, or 
breakers." One is at a loss to understand why the project- 
mg rocks of Bfthr, or the concealed breakers of Wheeler, 
should have been called the Ovens. My colleague, Mr. B. 
A. Sophocles, who is personally familiar with the whole of 
that region, and who examined the coast of Pelbn a few years 
ago, with special reference to this passage, has furnished 
me with the following valuable note, which settles everv 
point of the geography of the shipwreck in the most satisfac- 
tory manner. 

"nXiocr/dc, lov, tA, Pliatidki^ is the modem name ot 
die highest peak of Mount Pelion. Seafaring people gener- 
ally call it the movmtain of Zaghord (rd fiow^ trjt ZayofAt)^ 
because it rises above the town of Zaghdri. As to form, the 



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lei H£RODOTOS. 553 

word has the appearance of a double diminutiye of Urikiop ; 
thus, n^Xior, Ibikidmop (like nopd^nw)^ Uiiktatnitop (like xopa' 
f/dior), Urikiaaldiy and by syncope nXuuridt, trisyllabic. 

" The extreme limits of the eastern coast of Pelion, ' the 
harhorless shore of Pelion^^ as Euripides aptly calls it (Ale. 
595, 596), are the town of Mindxila or Mindziles (17 Mtyrcrc- 
Xa, plural 17 Mtyro-Aer), on the northwest, and Cape NekhSri 
(rov NcxMpcov 6 ko/Sos), on the southeast. The Tillages situated 
on this side of the mountain are arranged as follows : Mind' 
zila or Mindxiles^ Zaghord d Zayopd)^ Makria-rdkhi (4 
Maxpcio-paxO) Atnlio (t6 'AmjXio), KisSs (6 Kia4r6s)y Mureei 
(^ Movpcoiy), Teangarddha (17 Taayyapdda), PrSpan (to Up6' 
sroy), and Neckh&ri (rh N«x<<^fM). 

^Aatph lov^ T^y Latniy the most important headland in 
this region, forms part of the township of Zaghori. It is 
called also Cape Fori (rov nopaw 6 Kafios)y from Ilopi, a ward 
of Zaghora not far from the extremity of the cape. 

^^Xop€VT6£y ov, 6y KhorephtSsy a sandy beach near 
Lafni, is the landing-place of Zaghord. 

^^MwdpiaKaty a, ^, BdniokaSy in three syllables, a head* 
land partly in Anilio and partly in Kiss6s. It may be said to 
separate Kborefl6s from the following. 

^'^'Atytdppfigj 7, 6y that is 'Ayioff Itidiviyf, Saint John^ 
a sandy beach belonging to Kis6s. 

*'Tafiovxa/>7i 7^9 7i Tamukhorij a creek adjobing 
Saint John's beach, is the landing-place of Mdresi and Tsan- 
garidha, but it lies within the jurisdiction of the former place. 
The remnant of a stone wall is all that is left of what was 
once the fort of Tamtikhari (r6 Koarpo r$f Tapovxafinf)' 

^^ Uapayla rov Ilairada/Sid, 17, a cavemOUS placo, 
not unlike two huge ovens, the one above the other. The 
upper cave, which is very seldom reached by the waves of 
the sea below, contains a small church of the Virgin, built 
during the early part of the seventeenth century, by one 
Dhabhidh (David), a priest 

^^ovppofy ov, 6y PhumoSy that is, the Ooen^ a cave 
47 



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564 NOTEa' m 

haying the form of a large aven^ is to be seen on the soutli 
side of Karabhostasid (i) KjapafioaTaatd)^ a creek of Tsanga- 
ridha. It is only a few rods from the shore. 

^^ The storm, which destroyed a considerable part of the 
Persian armament, occurred on the coast of Pelion (Her. 8. 
8. 12) ; of course between Mindz^la and Cape Nekh6rL 

^^ Before it bfgan to rage, the vessels occupied the beach 
(rhp alytak6v) which lay between the rocky shores {dmr^) of 
Sepias and the city Kasthanaia or Kastanaia (Id. 7. 183; 
Strab. 9. 22, p. C. 443). Now as the only places on this 
coast where a considerable number of vessels can be drawn 
on shore are Khorepht6s, in Zaghori, and Saint John^s beach, 
in Kis6s, we are authorized in inferring that Sepias is Latni^ 
and Kasthanaia^ Tamukhari, 

" The *lirpoly ol^ the Ovens^ so called, were in Pelion (Her. 
7. 188. Up^g 'Iirvovr KaKtofiwwt roift h rf IIi^Xi^). Strabo 
calls it 'Iirvovr, ovrrog (analogous to T/Mnrcfovr, Kcpao-ovr, '(Hnm), 
and adds that it is a nigged place (ndror rpaxyv)^ a designa- 
tion perfectly applicable to the formidable difis of Tsanga- 
r4dha, and especially to Uapcefta rov Tlawadafiid. 

^^ The statement of Herodotus (7. 188), that some of the 
vessels were wrecked at Melibcea, a city referred to the 
shores between Ossa and Pelion, is to be explained by sup- 
posing that a portion of the fleet cast anchor at Mindzela, or 
at some other place northwest of Lafni, before the storm be- 
gan. For it is admitted by all those who know anything 
about this part of Magnesia, that a sailing vessel, caught 
within the imaginary line joining Liafni and Cape Nekbori 
during a violent northeasterly gale {6 Tptuot^ rh Tpatoktfiawn)^ 
will inevitably be dashed to pieces against the rocks of Tsan- 
gar^dha. And as to doubling Laini under these circum- 
stances, it is regarded as an absolute impossibility. 

^' Kiicuvi/^of, 4, Cieynethus^ an islet in the Pagasetic 
Gulf, now called rii UaKfia TplKfpa or TpU^prjj Old Trikera or 
Trikeri. 

^^ The only spot in Magnesia answering to the description 



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m HERODOTOa ^55 

of *A^rnu id the landing-place of Trikera or TVikeri (tA Tp/- 

K€pa or TpUfpri). 

^^ Mvpiuji^ TiKosj 6y Myrmex, the modem 6 AtvBtfngy that is, 
*BXcv^pcoff, a rock between Ski&tho and the mainland. 

** 'H lUpa njf Maywrj<rlas (Her. 7. 193) seems to be Cape 
Prondri (nv iLpofupiov 6 Kdfiot). 

^ A Magnesian standing on the eastern side of Pel ion would 
name the islands opposite in the following order : 2«e<aA>, 2«e^ 
iTfXo, Aidp6fuaj Kvph Uapayid^ Tvwpa. The island 2jd)fx> IS seen 
behind them. , 

^^Strabo^s arrangement b Ic^o^or, nfin^^,^ffor, 'AXomy- 
voff, Jwpot, 

^^iKidBof r^, Skidthoy t6 2it6wf\oy Sk6pelo^ and i^ 
IffOpo, Sldroy are the most important ; but Sk6pelo stands 
at the head of them all. 

*^ Aidp<^fiia, rky LtdkrSmiay a corruption of 'HXiod/x^fua, 
the sun*s course^ was probably so named by the Magnesians, 
from the fact that, with respect to them, it is in the sun's 
eastern amplitude. 

^^Kvph nawayidy i^, the Alhholy Lady ^ BXi uninhabited 
island near Lidhr6mia. It has a harbor with a narrow en- 
trance. 

^^Tvovpa, r^, Ghiura^ dissyllabic, b a modification of 
Tvapos; but the island must not be confounded with the 
southern IVoopa, the classical ^ Fvopor, one of the Cyclades. 

^^ The determination of the classical ^ 2«c£a^, and i^ Sjcvpo^, 
presents no difficulty whatever. 

"The ancient i} ntiripfjBotj Peparethos^ can be no other 
than the modem Skfipelo. First, because Scymnus, Strabo, 
and Livy name it in juxtaposition with Skiathos. Even 
Pliny, in his confused arrangement, places it near Sciathos. 

" Secondly, the Peparethian wine ranked with the Pram- 
nian, Chian, and Thasian, which sufficiently proves its ex- 
cellent quality. The wine of Sk6pelo is celebrated through- 
out the ^gean. ' Peparethos the producer offoie grapes 
(n^ tfifimfnip Utwdprfiw) ^ says Sophocles ; ^ ike wine of Sk6- 



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556 NOTES. Ml 

pelo (r/xMrl 2roircXtVtieo),^ says Kesarios Dhapontes {Kat^apwg 
lum6pT€i)y a native of Skopelo, and the author of a metrical 
coinposition in which all the choice things in the world 
(iickfKrh wpdyfiora) are named. We need not remark here, 
that, in this curious effusion, * the wine of Skopelo^ stands 
at the head of good things. 

^^ Thirdly, hecause it is mentioned in history oftener than 
any other island belonging to this group; a fact implying 
prominence. And it has already been stated that Sk6pelo 
takes the lead now. (Hym. Apoll. 32; Soph. Phil. 548, 
549 ; Arist apud Athen. 1, p. 29 a ; Dem. p. 985. 7 ; Har- 
pocration in v. UeiraprjBos ; Heraclides, Polit. 13 ; Polyb. 10. 
43 ; Scymnus, 579, 581 ; Strab. 9. 16, p. C. 436 ; Ovid. 
Met 7. 470; Liv. 31.28; Schol. ad Apoll. Arg. 1. 581; 
Plin. 4. 12 (23) ; Hierocles, Synecdem. ; Porphyrogenitus 
de Adm. 2. 2.) 

^^ Prom Cedrenus we learn that Rheginus, one of the men>« 
bers of the first (Ecumenical Council, was bishop of Zir<^Xoc 
(Vol. 11. p. 436. 9. 'A;i^iXXr/ou hntrK&mn) AapUrtnfs xP7f"'^ * <^* " ^ 
Tog M KvpOTcufrlpov rov /iryoXov, rdv t§ ficyaXi/ luA vpJrrff avp6^ 
vnp^rros vvp Prjylvfj^ 2Ko«r«Xi»v Ka\ Aiodttp^ TpUicffs.) As 2ff6ii«- 
Xoi here is the plural of ZieofrrXor, it is natural to suppose that 
during the fourth century the appellation ol Sxoir«Xot, the 
Rocks^ was collectively applied by the Thessalians to the 
islands lying off the Magnesian coast ; but in process of time 
it was restricted to the principal one, which was Peparethos. 
This confusion of names led Hierocles to imagine that wijaoc 
SirofrcXor was distinct from vrjirot UtwAprfBog. In Porphyro- 
genitus, 2ic<fr/Xa, corresponding to the SjcoircXor of Hierocles, 
owes its existence probably to bad copying. 

^^ If Peparethos is Skdpelo, it follows that *!«(«, 17, JBcoSy is 
lAdhr&mia; for Scymnus places *lJcof (incorrectly "^lor) near 

HffTOftriBog. 

''^*A\6»prftrofj ov, 4, Hahrtnetus^ once a subject of 
contention between Philip and the Athenians, in Strabo^s 
arrangement corresponds to Kvpa UavayiA. 



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Iffi HBBODOTOS. 557 

^^ Pliny's GtratUiay Trrhesia^ SoUmnia^ SeandUa^ Ende^ 
mia^ and NSa caDOot be determined with any degree of cer- 
tainty. His Scandiloy however, soonds so much like the 
modem Skdndxura (t^ Srantrov^), a small island near Skiro, 
that we should be inclined to admit their identity, were it not 
for our conviction that similarity of sound alone in proper 
names is not invariably a safe guide. Thus, Pipiri (t6 lb- 
w9(h)^ an i^t near Mount Athoe, has for some time enjoyed 
the reputation of being the same as Peparetkos, merely be- 
cause the two words sound somewhat alike.'' 

Page 162, 1. 10. am<rx'^ ^^'^'^ ^ ^^ surface. — 11. /loXi- 
mu Kify about. — 14. rii di ftmihtpa^ dXiy^, and some of the 
things related of him are true. — 90. Mm. The subject of 
^is verb is contained in the clause that follows, that they 
should go^ &c. preomled. 

Page 168, 1. 24. wapii dtf^, contrary to expectation. — 28. 
XMpoir, a landed estate. 

Page 164, 1. 5, 6. Air/foM^ .... j^xov, supposing that they 
were about to perish utterly^ thinking into what evUs they 
were come. — 7. vamryint^ shipwreck^ i. e. the wreck de- 
scribed in another place, and explained in a preceding note. 
«- 9, 10. ^luxra .... i^pfMUffJpay mighty torrents rushing into 
^ sea. The historian here describes the suddenly formed 
streams, which are so remarkable a feature of the mountain 
scenery of Greece, in a heavy rain, or in the rainy season. 
They seem to spring up in a moment, and, pouring down the 
mountain-sides, render them quite impassable, and, when the 
rain is over, almost instantly disappear. — 16. KoiXa, the 
HoUows. 

Page 165, 1. 3. t6 6tr^ Xc/>(c«», what Xerxes would do. — 
5. aaniyov riis ycot, put to sea. — 9. rourt .... Aci»vidca, Leo* 
nidas and his hand. — 13, 14. ol . . . . ^Aprtfuvlfj the Greeks 
kept quiet near Artemisium. 

Page 166, 1. 16. o-x***" • • • • ZoXa/imi, to touch at Salamis, 

Page 167, 1. 2. ^c^^Ma, monthly offerings. — 23. Svm* 
wniK^wfy having come to issue. 
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558 N0TB8. m 

Page 168, I. 1, 2. ptp6iwea^ wy^cv^cFor, I have came to 
^thinkj upon inquiry. — 21. ^{ . . . . Mi^diNr, that what the 
Medea are doing originatee with me. 

Pagel69, 1. 2. Kai .... ^op/iUwras^ and that he with dif 
* JuuUy made his way through^ unperceived by those who were 
keeping the blockade. — ll, 12. iprypAilnjmaf . • • . jcorrXovot 
the Tenians were inscribed on the tripod at Delphi^ among 
those who had overthrown the barbarian. Another com* 
memorative tripod seems to have been dedicated to Zeus, at 
Qiympia, which also contained the name of the Tenians. — 
19. du<t>at9€y was breaking. 

In the following sentences, there is either a confusion of 
*o(mstruction, or a corruption of the text The meaning 
seems to be, that when day dawned, and they had assembled 
the mariners, Themistocles harangued them in language most 
suitable to the occasion (c^ Ifx^rru fup cV vtbrrwr), and his U^ 
ics were the contrasting of better things with worse, and the 
duty, so far as lies in the nature and condition of man, of 
choosing the better. UotrfirAfuwoi seems to be for ^n-oc^ooFrB. 
— 26. oF^yor, set in motion. — 29. M . • . . nyof , backed t^Mm 
the stem (stem foremost), and brought their ships to land. 

Page 170, 1. 4, 5. t^p . . . . ASyufop^ the ship that had gone 
to JEgina to implore the aid of the JEadda. — 20, 21. Sn 
.... n«/xrc(S»i', because Theomestor became tyrant of Samos, 
on account of this action^ the Persians having established 
him there. 

Page 171, 1. 15. i^powra .... ^^, she ran at full speed 
into a friendly ship. 

Page 172, 1. 18. cr x^H*^^ 1^9 ^^ ^ conflict. — 25. w- 
oUwwTw^ ran afoul of. 

Page 173, 1. 5. air^pafxy, picked off. ^ IS. wrA SoXo- 

|Ai»>off, under the mountain opposite to Salamis, There are 
several points on the rocky side of iE^leos which would 
answer sufficiently well to the words of Herodotos. Tlie 
position assigned to the king by some topographers, namely, 
on the top of the mountain, which commands a magnificent 



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in HEBODOTOS. 5d9 

view of the whole of the action, cannot be justified by the 
language of Herodotos. Demosthenes says the silver throne, ' 
which was preserved, in his time, in the Acropolis, stood tp 
r^ Alydkt^ 6pti^ on Mount JSgdleos ; not necessarily on the 
summit. — 15. warpdBw^ his name wiih that of his father. 

Page 174, I. 10, 11. ^6 , , , . <rrpat6v^ under the protec* 
tion of the land army. — 29. Korit • • . . 2«etpddof , near the 
temple of Athena Scirds, Leake thinks this temple* was on 
the northwestern promontory of Salamis, on the site now 
occupied by a monastery of the Panagia. This monaster]^ 
*^ stands on the site of a Hellenic building, of which many 
large square blocks are still to be seen, together with some 
fragments of Doric columns.'* 

Page 175, 1. 13. itr* ifyfyaaphowi^ upon Ihe things ac» 
eomplished ; u e. when the action was over. — 12, 18. Tov- 
Tovt .... *A^7MiW, Such is the report about them current 
among the Athenians, — 21. "^vrrcSXcMiy, the name of a small 
islet separated by a narrow passage from Salamis. It is 
wholly without inhabitants. 

Page 176, 1. 17, 16. i^Cievfyamis r6 arpat^mdw^ having 
Woken up the camp; literally, having harnessed up. The 
figure seems to be taken from the harnessing of horses in 
resuming a journey. — 21-23. « . . . . hUuts^ until^ being 
taken^t tJiey shall make satisfaction to us for all the injuries 
they have done the Persians. 

Page 177, 1. 4. /col ... . «rxoy, and they pursued^ each with 
whatever speed they could, — 15. ircpMrrcXXrus to protect, — 
20-22. El . , . . $t<r&tf But if any impossibility has befallen 
you of coming to our succor^ yet do us the favor to send off 
to us the bowmen. — 28. cXi^er, harassed them. 

Page 178, 1. 8. mil ... . yiM^tfirwy, and the sacrifices not 
being propitious. — 9. *Hpaibr, the Heraion^ the temple or 
consecrated enclosure of Hera. — 23. ir/xSr, and in addi' 
tion. 

Page 179, 1. 20. tV OtjPaidi, in the Theban territory. 

—23. fiffifjkf^ the uneonsecrated ground round the temple«. 



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560 NOTES. 181 

— 26. dMucrd^Mor, the interior of the temple^ as distinguished 
flora the fitfitfkw. 

Oq the deserted site of Platsa, the foundation of the walls 
may still be traced ; and within are several fragments, and 
ruins, which belong, howeveir, to a later age. The view 
from the Acropolis is beautiful and extensive. The plains 
of Bodotia, bounded by the heights of Pamassos and Helicon, 
lie in sight, and bring up many memorable scenes to the 
mind of the scholar. 

Page 180, L 2. ^iptm here signifies the Asiatic contineiU. 
«- 6, 7. iwop6Bpas, gang'hands, — 10. wapaKtKfHfitvtafy posted 
along, — 18. awBfjftaros ^Bfitfty the watchwordy Hebe, 

Page 181, 1. 9. Kt<t>akasy heads ; i. e. persons. — 18 - 16. 
Tovrow • . . • nc/Mrvtt, Those of the lonians who they thought 
would attempt something new if they got thepower^ the Per* 
sians in these ways guarded against. The dative nun is 
constructed with ttartbUtw in the sense of to have an opinion 
against, — 18. waptaKtvadan^ preparations had been made. 
In such constructions the singular is generally used. On this 
account Bekker proposes for this place vopcotrcvaaTo, and 
Blakesley suggests the omission of roun ^tXkrf<rt. — 20, 21. 
«al . . . . Ktlfu¥0¥y and a herald*s staff appeared lying upon 
the beach.— '28-20. Kol . . . . tlwai, And this other cotNci- 
dence happened^ that there were fanes of Eleusinian Demeter 
in the neighborhood of both battles. 

Page 182, 1. 20. xard .... otfpta, along a ravine and kiils. 
22. $p6ui .... y^ppth ^ shields were erect. They had set 
their large shields in the ground, as a sort of palisade. — - 
'26. tfpyw .... npoBvfji6T€poifi took hold of the work with more 
eagerness. 

Page 183, I. 16. AirapaipiffUvoiy having been deprived of. 

— 17. inpakKtOy changing; I e. the victory changing sides. 
Page 184, 1. 8. wayKp6Ttow iwaaiaiiragy who had practised 

the pancration. The pancration was one of the hard con- 
test practised at the games of Greece, consisting of boxing 
and wrestling. — 20. xalpoimKy with impunity; literally, re- 
foicing. 



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188 HEEODOTOS. 561 

Page 185, 1. 1. «miXa/3diT€ff, Juwing hound them. — 3» 4. 

tfri tvpfi<ntPf for they thought they should still find them 

stretched across^ or, as we should say, still standing. — 7, 8. 
tnr6 . . . . airokafi/(l>$€PTt£y being arrested by the winds ; i. e. the 
Etesian winds. — 10. wk ^Kiara. This form of expression is 
very common in the Greek writers, — not the leasts for the 
most ; here, not least = chiefly . 

Page 186, 1. S. t^rprmia^^ cheated. — 9. dcc/SaXcro, tricked. 

— 19. rc/icmoff, the sacred ground round the temple of Pro- 
tesilaos. — 20, 21. On the statement here, Blakesly has the 
following remarks : '^ This is prohahly the Hellenic version 
of the fact that Artayctes converted the demesne and temple 
of Protesilaos into a paradise and seraglio. Such a seculari- 
zation of sacred lands would no douht involve the destruction 
of many rights of the citizens of Elseus, for the whole town 
belonged to the hero, as well as cause enormous scandal.^^ 

— 25. IjiTXfOCkw^ were impatient. — 80. 01 ... . i(<rav, and 
those within the waU had been reduced to the utmost extrem- 
ity of suffering. 

Page 187, 1. 1. rovt .... xXiyrmr, the cords of their beds. — 
18. raplxovs^ salt fish. 

Page 188, 1. 2. Karaxpn^i^oi^ to be put to death. — 6. 
(Tonda irpootrocnraXciMraiTffff, honing nailed him to a plank. — 
9. rk ^Xa, the furniture or rigging. 

For an admirable account of the events of the Persian War, 
the chief of which are related in the extracts from Herodo- 
tos, see Grote's History of Greece, Vol. IV. Ch. XXXV., 
XXXVI., and Vol. V. Ch. XXXVIII. - XLII. The notes to 
the several chapters are of great value. In the account of 
the construction of the bridge across the Hellespont, he falls 
into the error of supposing that the etems of the ships were 
towards the Euxine. He is misled by a false analogy of the 
expression ctrl »^ or ivUap in U. XVI. 392, where it means 
head-foremost or with the stream. But here the genitive 
n6vTov fixes the direction of the heads of the vesseb towards 
the Pontw^ i. e. the Euxine. 



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