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Introductory Memoir ... i 

I. The Blennerhassett Pedigree 1688- 

1736, by Captain John Blawerhassdt 33 

II. The Antiquities of Tralee, by the 

Veil. Archdeacon Roivan, D.D. . 109 

III. The last Geraldyn Chief of 

Tralee Castle, by the same . . 117 

IV. The Black Earl's Raid, by the same 131 
V. Tralee of the Dennys, by the same 135 

VI. Dingle of the Husseys . . . 144 

vi Contents. 


VII. Caoine ox the Knight of Kerry, 

Obit. 1642. by Pierce Ferriier . . 174 

VIII. The Seignory of Castle Island . 1S5 

IX. Castle Magne and its toi 

X. Depositions connected with 1641 . 194 

XI. The Forfeitures of 16SS . . 200 

XII. List of Estates sold to the Hollow- 
Sword Blade Company . . 209 

XIII. List of Corcagltny Lands For- 

feited by the Rices . . . 210 

XIV. List of Claims on Forfeited Lands 212 
XV. The Kerry Men of the Brigade . 230 

XVI. Inscriptions and Epitaphs . . 250 

XVII. Lists of Kerry Grand Jurors. 

High Sheriffs, etc., 1600-1S72 . 260 

Appendix 267 


Egerton MSS.; Harleian MSS.; Lansdowne MSS.; Sloane MSS.; 
Add. MSS. British Museum ; Carew MSS. Lambeth ; Irish State 
Papers, Public Record Office. Pamphlets 1641-1692 King's Library 
British Museum ; Pacata Plibernia ; Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica ; 
Tours in Ireland between 1757 and 1760 ; Lord Mountmorres' Hist, 
of the Irish Parliament and Reflections on the Present Crisis, 
British Museum ; Annals of Four Masters ; O'Donovan's Trans- 
lation of O'Dubhagain's Topography of Ireland ; Memoir of 
Mapped Surveys of Ireland by W. M. Hardinge M.R.I. A.; 
Transactions of R.I. A.; Journals of Kilkenny Archaeological 
Society ; Gilbert's History of the Irish Viceroys ; Annals of 
Loch Ce translated by \V. M. Henessy ; D'Alton's Illustrations of 
King James's Army List ; Life and Times of Florence Mac Carth y 
Mor by D. F. Mac Carthy (Glas) ; Correspondence of Cecil and 
Carew edited (for the Camden Society' by Sir John Maclean F.S.A. 


Page 130, line 2, for "work" read "mark" 
»» l63» » 4. for "only" read " the only " 
-•» 163, ,, 5, for "the blood" read "blood." 


AMONGST the English adventurers, for the most 
part younger sons of noble and knightly families or 
gentlemen of slender fortunes, who flocked to Ireland to 
take their share of the "good things going" when the 
great rebel Gerrot, Earl of Desmond, fell by the hand of 
an Irish mercenary, were Robert Blennerhassett of Flim- 
by in Cumberland and his " aged father Thomas." Their 
ancestors had long held an honourable position in £he 
north of England. A Blennerhassett represented Carlisle 
in the reisin of Richard II. and asrain in the reigns of 
Henry V., Henry VI., Elizabeth and James I., while in 
29 Car. II., William Blennerhasset was High Sheriff of 
Cumberland. A William Blennerhassett was Mayor of 
Carlisle in 1382, and in 1430 as well as in 1614 and 
1620, members of the family filled the same office. The 
name is said to have been derived from the township of 
Blennerhasset in the parish of Torpenhow in Allerdale, 
but the family seems to have had no property in that 
place and to have been chiefly settled in and about Car- 
lisle and on the western coast of the countv. In a list 

2 Introductory Memoir. 

given in Nicolson's " History of Cumberland " of gentle- 
men called out to serve on the Border against the Scots 
by Sir Thomas Whartoo, Deputy Warden of the West 
Marches, and Captain of Carlisle Castle, 34 Henry VIII. 
appears the name of Thomas Blennerhassett of Gillesland 
bound to attend the Muster with companies_of horse and 
foot. Early in the same reign John Blennerhassett 
acquired knights' fees in Cumberland through his marriage 
with one of the five daughters and heiresses of James De 
Martindale. The husbands of his wife's sisters were 
Cuthbert Radcliffe, Humphrey Dacre, Richard Dacre 
and Anthony Barker, and the five ladies conveyed to 
their husbands a joint inheritance in the Manor of Newton 
on the Sea and the Ville of Newton, to be held of the 
King in capite by knightly service, and also the Manor of 
Ormesby and other lands by like services. Nicolson 
further states that John Blennerhassett the husband of 
Janet de Martindale acquired by purchase the Manor of 
Flimby or Flemingsby. 

The Register of the Cistertian Abbey of St. Mary of 
Holm Cultram is still preserved and from it we learn 
that Flimby had been granted to the monks of that house 
by Cospatrick son of Orme and confirmed to them by 
Henry II. and Richard I. In the reign of Edward I. 
Robert de Haverington "quitted claim" to Gervase Abbot 
of St. Mary of Holm Cultram of " the Manor of Flimby, 
except three hundred acres," and the Abbot and the 
Convent, we are told, " took him and his heirs into their 
prayers." At the Dissolution of the Monasteries Henry 
VIII. granted to John Dalston nine messuages in Flimby, 
the woods and lands called Flimby Park and a fishery- 

Introductory Memoir. 3 

therein. In less than a year after Dalston had received 
the royal gift he alienated it to John Blennerhassett, with 
whose descendants it continued until 1722 when it was 
sold by William Blennerhassett Esq. to Sir James Lowther 
Bart. This is Xicolson's account which agrees in sub- 
stance with the traditions of the family still lingering in 
Allonby (another portion of the Blennerhasset estates in 
Cumberland) as they have been transmitted to me by 
the kind courtesy of the vicar of that place. Hutcheson 
in his " History of Cumberland " states, that the probable 
derivation of the name of Allonby is from the river Elne 
and the Danish word " by." The tradition is, however, 
that the place takes its name from Alan, Lord of Aller- 
dale, who grave the lands to one of his kindred whose 
heiress conveyed them in marriage to the family of De 
Flimby. In a few generations according to Hutcheson 
these lands also vested in an heiress Margaret De 
Flimby, who brought Allonby to her husband William 
Blennerhasset and their descendants sold it in the be- 
ginning of the eighteenth century to the Thomlinsons of 
Blencogo in Cumberland. The Blennerhasset family 
being now extinct in that county it is impossible to ob- 
tain any authentic information beyond what I have here 
stated, but the probability is that the discrepancy between 
these accounts is more apparent than real, and that the 
three hundred acres retained by Robert de Haverington 
in the reign of Edward I. when he resigned the rest of 
the Manor of Flimby to the monks, may have been in- 
herited in the female line by a family taking its name 
from the place whose heiress married a Blennerhassett. 
The latter thus owning part of the old estate of Gos- 

4 Introductory Memoir. 

patrick, may have been found the fittest and readiest 
purchaser of the rest by John Dalston when the edict of 
Henry VIIJ. barred out once and for ever the claims of 
the ecclesiastical possessors. The Cumberland Blenner- 
hassets seem to have adopted the Reformed faith which 
so many of the northern gentry rejected. In the great 
Civil War they were however with the " Spears of the 
North that encircled the Crown " (v. Rokeby Canto v.), 
and William Blennerhasset of Flimby was one of the 
Cumbrian gentlemen who sent in provisions to Carlisle 
when it was besieged by the Scotch army. 

A branch of the family had been settled in Norfolk as 
early as the fourteenth century bearing the same arms 
as their Cumberland kinsmen with the addition of an 
annulet. Bloomfield in his valuable History of Norfolk 
says that — "Joan de Lowdham heiress of the Manor of 
Frense in that county married at the age of fourteen 
Thomas De Heveningham, and secondly, at his death, 
Ralph Blennerhassett Esq. of a very ancient family in 
Cumberland/' Joan Blennerhassett lived to the age of 
ninety-seven, and left a son and heir who was seventy- 
seven years old at the time of his mother's death. An 
ancient MS. account of the Churches in Norfolk quoted 
by Bloomfield gives the following inscriptions on old 
brasses and monuments in the church of St. Andrew at 
Frense : — 

"Hie Jacet vexerabilis Sir Radulphus 


A.D. I400. 


Introductory Memoir. 

Here lyeth the Venerable Gentleman 
John Blennerhassett, Esqre., 
who died March xxviith, 1514." 

" Maria filive et h^eridi unic/e 

Georgii Blennerhassett, militis, 

inaurati enuptie primo 

Thomje Culpepper, armigero 

Qui hic postea 

Francisco Bacon, armigero, 

Qui Petistir/E in comitat : Suffolk 

tumulatur sine prole, 

Defuncte vil Sep. 1587. ^Etatis su^e 70. 

Vidu,e, Pi^e, Castle, Hospitale, Benign^e, 

Johannes Cornwaleis et Joannes Blenerhassett 

Memori/e et amoris ergo posuerunt." 

Margaret Blenerhassett, aunt of Sir Ralph who died 
in 1400, was Prioress of the convent of Campsey Ash 
in Suffolk. Her nephew John Blenerhassett married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Cornwallis, ancestor of 
the Marquis Cornwallis. In the will of Sir John 
Cornwallis Knt., dated 10th April 1584, he bequeaths 
to "his daughter 'Hassett " his wife's gown of black 
satin and to " my Lady 'Hassett " his gilt cup that had 
" two eares " with an " antick boy and a child in his 
hand on it," and he constitutes Thomas his son and heir, 
with Lady 'Hassett, and John Blenerhassett his son-in- 
law his executors. (Collins' Peerage, pp. 306, 309.) The 

6 Introductory Memoir. 

manor of Frense was in the possession of the Kemp 
family when Eloomfield wrote his history and the 
name of Blenerhassett is I believe no longer to be found 
in Norfolk. 

About a century after the parent-stock had obtained 
Flimby by marriage or by purchase, Thomas and Robert 
Blenerhassett arrived in Munster. As their names do not 
appear in the list of undertakers given in the Records or 
the Carew MSS. it is probable that they did not come 
in that capacity, but were rather amongst the colonists 
of British blood, whom Sir Edward Denny was bound by 
the terms of his grant to place on his Kerry estate. 
Eager as had been the flight of English adventurers to 
Ireland " scenting the prey afar off" when the great Earl 
had fallen and Munster was after a fashion, "pacified" 
the wretched condition of the Palatinate wasted for years 
by fire and sword, and the repressed but inextinguishable 
hatred of the native septs made many of the new comers 
hesitate to remain there. Some of the undertakers them- 
selves sold or exchanged their grants and returned to 
England, or moved eastward into the safer districts of the 
old Pale, and others were murdered before they had 
time to follow their associates' example. Those that re- 
mained behind had a hard time of it, they found it well 
nigh impossible to procure English tenants and the Irish 
they dared not accept. Meantime Elizabeth with her 
usual covetousness was looking sharply after quit rents, 
escheated dues, and tributes, and with her usual wisdom 
to the necessity of planting the land extensively with men 
of English blood. In 1589 and again in 1594 Attorney- 
Generals and Roval Commissioners were commanded to 

Introductory Memoir. 7 

inquire into the condition of the lands lately granted. 
In the former year no returns of the number of English 
tenants on the Kerry estates could be got from any of the 
grantees but Sir Valentine Brown. Twenty English 
tenants were planted on his lands whose vocation soon 
became more military than agricultural, engaged as they 
were night and day watching -and defending their homes 
against the forays and plunderings of Donell MacCarthy. 
The result of the Commission of 1594 was equally un- 
satisfactory to her Majesty who writes July 1st, 1597, to 
the Lord Deputy that she hears the " undertakers have 
neglected to plant English and have made grants to the 
Irish," and she calls on him "to enquire strictly into 
such matters and to proceed sharply to reform them."* 

Sir Edward Denny whose gallant services at Fort-del- 
Ore no less than the memory of his grandfather's high 
favour with Henry VIII., had secured to him six 
thousand acres in Kerr}- pleaded as a reason for his 
short-comings that " the country being depopulate the 
rent was never answered by him," and that " the Earle of 
Desmond himselfe never received half so much " indeed 
" never received any, but in a warlike manner, upon the 
countries of Clanmorryes being the territories of the Baron 
of Lixnaue. " f The natural manner of rent collecting and 
rent paying between Geraldines and Fitzmorrises was dis- 
tasteful indeed absolutely impracticable for Sir Edward 
Denny. Like his cousin Raleigh he held that Irish warfare 
" better befitted kernes than gentlemen," and his little band 
of English tenants had more than enough to do defending 

* Carew MSS., Vol. 601, p. 145. 
t Ibid, Vol. 167. p. 164. 

8 Introductory Memoir. 

their lives and property without warring upon the Lord 
of Lixnawe and his innumerable and unruly galloglasses, 
in vain pursuit of her Majesty's lost beeves and tributes. 
Before Sir Edward had held his hardly-won Seignory ten 
years he was indebted to the Exchequer in the amount of 
;£i,68i os. 3d. which sum however was forgiven him, and 
five years after he died in England. Ormond writing to 
the Queen in October 159S says in a tone of indignant 
complaint, "All the Undertakers I found on my arrival 
had shamefully forsaken their castles and dwelling places 
in Munster and left munitions, stuffe, and cattel,. behind 
to the traytors and no resistance made." 

In December, 1600, Sir Robert CeciL writes to Sir 
George Carew from London " As to the Undertakers they 
aver that there is not so great quietnesse as is reported 
and none of them dare go thither, (i.e., to Munster.) 
Write something to prove that they may do soe without 
apparente perdition." * Carew probably tried his powers 
of persuasion for he was as skilful with the pen as with 
the sword, but in any case he wielded the latter so 
effectually that the absentees might have returned in 
comparative safety to their Irish estates if they had not 
preferred managing them from a distance by a system of 
deputies. It was well for them and their successors that 
these deputies and chief tenants were mostly gentlemen 
of good blood and gallant soldiers who had seen sen-ice. 
The stout Cumbrian Marchers who with their crossbows 
and bloodhounds watched Gillesland for Belted Will, 
against the moss-troopers of Buccleuch, while their wives 
like the gude-woman in the " Fray of Suport " (Border 

* Carew MSS., Vol. 604, p. 65. 

Introductory Memoir. g 

Minstrelsy, vol. i., p. 2S0) " kept the house door wi' a 
lance " when the " muckle toon bell of Carlisle was rung "' 
to warn the citizens and dalesmen, had never a harder task 
than their descendants in the wilds of Kerr}- amongst the 
hostile tribes of MacCarthys Geraldines and Fitzmaurices. 
Soon after Sir Edward Denny had received his Seignory 
of Dennyvale from Queen Elizabeth, he "gave granted 
and confirmed," as appears by an Inquisition taken in 
Tralee on the death of his successor Arthur Denny in 
1622, the lands of Ballycham (Ballyshane?) to Thomas 
Blennerhassett and his heirs and assigns for ever, for 
" one red rose to be rendered yearly at the Feast of 
Saint John the Baptist," and also the castle, town, and 
lands of Ballycarten (cmg/ice, town of the forge) at a 
yearly rent of £6, and "suit of court and a heriot after 
the death of the tenant of the premises." The Inquisi- 
tion further recites that the deceased Arthur Denny by 
his Indenture dated 10 May 161 1, gave, granted and 
confirmed to Robert Blennerhassett his heirs and assigns 
for ever, the town and lands of Killroan and Knockoma- 
nane, and Ballychamullick, (Bally mac Ulick?)* parcell of 
Carrignafeely at a yearly rent of £4 per annum. Be- 
tween i6nand 1628 Robert Blennerhassett also obtained 
from Sir Edward Denny, son and heir of the above-men- 
tioned Arthur by Mary Forest (v. Gen. Rec. p. 64) a 
lease for ever of Ballyshiddy castle, town, and lands, and 
of the lands of Killballyshiddy, Iragh, Ballymac Thomas, 
Gortbrack, Ballychamperson, (?) Knockbanane and 
Craigemullen, to be held with the lands before mentioned 
at a yearly rent of ;£io. 

* V. Appendix II. 

10 Introductory Memoir. 

Robert Blennerhassett was the first Provost of Tralee 
10 Jas. I., and in the same year he and Humphrey 
Dethick represented the infant borough in a Parliament 
whose opening scenes deserve to be attentively studied 
by all enthusiastic advocates of Home Rule. The Irish 
Roman Catholic party at that period had become rather 
powerful, four out of the seven members returned by 
Kerry for the county and boroughs belonged to it, and 
in many other counties it had a like preponderance. 
When the House met and proceeded to the election of a 
Speaker a violent contest arose, the Catholic party sup- 
porting Sir John Everard with 101 votes, the Protestants 
electing Sir John Davies the Attorney-General by a ma- 
jority of twenty-seven. But Sir John Everard's friends 
however weak their "sweet voices" in the matter of 
election, (it was said that only two of them could speak 
English,) had strength of arm sufficient to thrust him 
jiotens volens into the chair from whence the Protestants 
endeavoured to eject him and finding that impossible 
they pushed Sir John Davies into his lap. Everard 
however still held on to his uncomfortable u place" until 
by a vigorous exertion, this time of Protestant strength of 
arm, he was finally dislodged when he and his followers 
quitted the chamber, disgusted at the non-success of their 
national fashion of conducting parliamentary business. 

Anticipating enquiries from high quarters across the 
Channel anent these strange proceedings, the Protestant 
M.P.'s issued a " True Declaration of what passed on 
the first day of Parliament May iSth i6i3,"and amongst 
the signatures to it is that of * * * * Blener Hassett, 
so the spelling runs, without any Christian name prefixed. 

Introductory Memoir. 1 1 

It is likely that Sir John Blenerhassett {vide Genealogical 

Records, p. 66, and Appendix, VI.) was the person 
signing as he is described as a chief actor in this truly 
Irish row. The Protestants "declared" that before they 
had resorted to the extreme measure of putting their 
Speaker elect into Sir John Everard's lap, — " Mr. 
Treasurer had in fair and gentle terms moved him to 
come forth oute of the chair, neverthelesse he refused to 
do so." Then continue the Declarers " Sir Oliver St. 
John spoke to the same effect, and added withal that 
if he would not come oute they should be enforced to 
plucke him oute ; notwithstanding which he sate there 
still, whereon Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Marshall, gentle- 
men of the best qualirie, took Sir John Davies by the 
arms, and gently lifted him from the ground, and placed 
him in the chair upon Sir John Everard's lap, requiring 
him still to come forth of the chair,'' (it is difficult to see 
how he could) " which he obstinately refusing, Mr. 
Treasurer and others laid their hands gently upon him, 
and removed him out of the chair, and placed Sir John 
Davies therein, whereupon Sir John Everard/ and alle the 
rest who gave their votes for him, being in number four 
score and eighteen, in a contentious manner departed 
from the House into the voide room appointed for the 
divisions, where they remained because the outer doore 
was locked which was by direction of the House when 
they began to sit." The " Declaration " then relates 
how Sir John Blenerhassett and others were sent to 
summon the Opposition to forsake its Cave of Adullam 
and return to its appropriate place which reasonable 
request was refused, " William Talbot the lawyer making 

1 2 Introductory Memoir, 

answer for alle in these words, Those within the 
House are no House, and their Speaker no Speaker of 
the House, but wee are the House and Sir John Everard 
is our Speaker, therefore wee will not join with you, but 
wee will complain to my Lord Deputy and the King shall 
heare of it" Which he very soon did ad nauseam, for in 
the course of the next four days the Catholics sent in no 
less than five petitions successively to the unfortunate 
Viceroy, setting forth all their grievances, censuring the 
undue returns of certain knights and burgesses from the 
newly incorporated towns, and declaring they were afraid 
to enter the House lest the Protestant members should 
murder them. (!) They requested an audience but when 
the Viceroy expressed his willingness to receive them they 
failed to attend upon him, and instead of doing so sent 
in a sixth petition, recapitulating all their grievances 
and adding demands which are described in their 
opponents' Declaration as; — "Such and soe strange, soe 
unlikely to be believed as they were not to be equalled 
by anie accident how rare soever transmitted to pos- 
teritie." This amazing petition which the Protestant 
members describe for the benefit of their " posterity " 
demanded from his sacred Majesty's Deputy and Repre- 
sentative copies of all Royal Letters for making new 
corporations, and lastly a copy of the Commission for 
holding the Parliament itself. With the British Solomon's 
notions of his Royal Prerogative it is not difficult to 
imagine how he was likely to receive such requests and 
how the pressing necessity of an extended " plantation " 
was made apparent to his infallible kingcraft. The 
Protestants concluded their " Declaration " in a stvle of 

Introductory Memoir. . 13 

plausibility and pedantry skilfully suited to the Royal 
taste : — " The Lord Deputie to every one of these peti- 
tions with extreme patience gave most milde and satis- 
factory answers, Sed opus et olium perdidit unto persuasion 
that moved to conformitie they were as deaf adders, no 
words tuning a pleasing sound unto their ears that did 
not say, — " Away with the new corporations ! Cast 
Davies oute of the chair and place Everard in it ! " * 

A deputation of Catholic members went over to lay 
their grievances before James, while the Protestants dis- 
patched a missive informing him that their opponents' 
travelling expenses were paid by recusants, and their 
" stores of eggs and butter " for the voyage furnished by 
the " monks of Kilcrea," but before petition or counter 
petiton could reach Whitehall James sent Commis- 
sioners to Dublin to investigate the whole affair. They 
returned a fair and sensible report stating that only in a 
very few instances in the north of Ireland and in Limerick 
had there been anything like intimidation at the elections. 
Clogher in Tyrone which had not been incorporated 
had returned burgesses to the Parliament but this wrong- 
ful election was made void. The Commissioners also 
stated, that after the strictest enquiry they had found that 
the assertion made in the Protestant members' Declaration 
that the Roman Catholic members had come to attend 
Parliament followed by troops of armed retainers, meant 
to overawe their opponents and the Viceroy, was alto- 
gether untrue and that no Roman Catholic member had 
had any such following. Finally the speaker elect Sir 
John Davies took his place in the chair, but the Session 

* V. Appendix I. 

14 • Introductory Memoir. 

ended abruptly having effected no more good than other 
sessions, of Irish Parliaments before and since and 
rather less harm. The new boroughs (Tralee and Dingle 
amongst the rest,) retained their charters and grew busy 
and prosperous. 

In 1634 Robert Blennerhassett first settler of his 
name at Killorglin or Castle Conway, second son of 
John Blennnerhassett of Ballyseedy, and grandson of the 
member in 16 13 was returned for the borough of Tralee. 
Then came after a few years of Stratford's rule the 
insurrection of 1641 breaking out on the 23rd of October, 
St. Ignatius' day, when the misguided Pierce Ferriter 
and his followers plundered and destroyed the rising 
borough, helping to delay for more than a century their 
country's progress and the gradual emancipation of their 
co-religionists from oppressive laws. The Blennerhassetts 
appear to have taken little part in the troubles of 1641-49, 
but one of the name is said to have served during those 
years against the rebels in Glanerought and Iveragh. 
The writer of a curious old MS. history of Kerry (pre- 
served in the R. I. A. and bearing date about 1698,) 
who was evidently a Catholic inhabitant of one or other 
of these baronies relates the great cruelties practised 
in Iveragh by Colonel Nelson and Captain Barrington, 
who it is alleged hunted down the fugitive Irish with a 
large bloodhound which tore and mangled them so 
frightfully that for generations the proverbial phrase in 
Iveragh, describing any great misfortune or act of enmity 
was — " as bad as Barrington's bloodhound to us." But he 
adds that Captain 'Hassett although serving on the 
Cromweliian side was "an honourable and merciful man," 

Introductory Memoir. 15 

and that Irish prisoners deemed it a piece of good for- 
tune when they were entrusted to his keeping. It is 
probable that this Captain 'Hassett was Robert the MP. 
of 1634. the husband of Avis Conway, and that his 
services to the Commonwealth saved her estate from 
confiscation, for many of her relatives and near con- 
nexions were Royalists and Roman Catholics. Her 
aunt was married to the O'Sullivan More and some 
particular instances of kindness on the part of Captain 
"Hassett to the rebels of that Chieftain's Sept- are men- 
tioned by the old historian. 

Notwithstanding his Cromwellian services Captain 
'Hassett or Blennerhassett— the name is constantly spelt 
in either way in old documents — seems to have received 
a full and free pardon at the Restoration and one of his 
Ballyseedy cousins represented Tralee in the Parliament 
of 1 66 1. In another quarter of a century however the 
whole face of affairs in Ireland was changed, and a real 
danger threatened the flourishing sapling of the old Cum- 
brian tree which had weathered many an Irish tempest. 
The eight members returned by Kerry and its boroughs 
in 16S9 to James the Second's so-called Parliament were, 
Nicholas Brown, John Brown, Roger Mac Elligott and 
his cousin Cornelius McGillicuddy, Edward Rice, John 
and Maurice Hussey, and John Brown junior. Fore- 
most on the list of persons whom these gentlemen and 
their fellow legislators declared attainted if they did not 
surrender before the 10th of August following were five 
of the Blennerhassetts of Ballyseedy and Killorglin. 
What course the Ballyseedy branch took in this extremity 
is bv no means certain. There is no proof that they 

1 6 Introductory Memoir. 

sided actively with either party but we know that they 
were closely connected with the Crosbie family, and Sir 
Thomas Crosbie was a High Churchman and a Jacobite 
holding a commission in King James' army. John and 
Thomas Blennerhassett of Killorglin or Castle Conway, 
the sons of the Captain of 1 641, at once took the part 
that became them. Scorning to surrender or to remain 
cooped up in Kerry dependant on the mercies of the 
Tories and rapparees whom James's mis-government had 
let loose on the unfortunate colony at the White House,* 
they resolved to join Sir Thomas Southwell's gallant band 
of two hundred gentlemen and one brave lady who were 
about to endeavour to make their way from Mallow to 
Sligo, where Lord Kingston with a considerable force at his 
command was fighting for King William. John Blenerhas- 
sett the eldest of these two brothers was the writer of the 
following Genealogical Records, which contain more than 
one allusion to the result of this perilous journey, though 
it is characteristic of the son of the ''generous foe" of 
the O'Sullivans in 1641-49 that those allusions chiefly 
refer to acts of kindness shown to him and his brother in 
their captivity, rather than to the bad faith and cruelty of 
James and his councillors. Six other Kerry gentlemen 
accompanied Sir Thomas Southwell, viz. : Thomas Pon- 
sonby and his brother Henry, (like the Blenerhassetts of 
ancient Cumbrian lineage,) William Gun, senior, and his 
son William, Thomas Collis and Christopher Hilliard. 
The lady who accompanied them was the wife of William 
Gun the younger, and the daughter of Colonel Townsend 
of Castle Townsend in the county of Cork. The party ; 

* V. Appendix III. 

Introductory Memoir. 17 

proceeded from Mallow through O'Brien's Bridge by 
Killalloe and Portumna, until they reached Loughrea, 
where on the 1st of March 16SS-9 their progress was 
barred by a body of James's troops under the command 
of Captain Burke and accompanied by James Power, 
titular High Sheriff of Galway. The travellers were 
divided in opinion as to the use of resistance in the midst 
of the enemy's country before a fresh and strongly armed 
force, but Captain Miller who led them cried out '.' Gen- 
tlemen you have the sword before and the gallows 
behind !" and his spirited remonstrance found its 
warmest seconder in that member of the party whose 
weak frame might have well excused her counselling a 
surrender. Mrs. Gun however on the contrary earnestly 
entreated her husband and his companions to "fight and 
die honourably rather than trust to the mercy of a perfidious 
enemy ! n But her advice was overruled and conditions 
were concluded " on the field/' As the night was falling 
they could not be reduced to writing but the substance 
of them was, that the Protestant gentlemen should have 
their lives preserved and that passes should be given 
them, and horses in exchange for their own (reserved for 
James's service) to enable them to return to their homes. 
Further it was agreed, that if they desired it they should 
have a troop of horse to protect them on their journey, 
but they were bound not to proceed towards Sligo or 
the north of Ireland. Notwithstanding this agreement, 
acknowledged in the following letter from the High Sheriff, 
and also in a certificate signed by Captain Burke, the 
two hundred gentlemen on their surrender and their 
lady companion were conveyed to Galway and there 


1 8 Introductory Manoir. 

placed in confinement as prisoners accused of high 

" A Ceppie of the High Sheriff's Letter delivered to Mr. 
French on Good Friday, 16SS." 


" Loughreagh, March 9, 16S9. 
" May it please your Excellency — It happened on Friday 
last the first day of this instant I had intelligence that a party 
of horse with Sir Thomas Southwell and others were making 
their way through this county to Sligo or the north, being 
routed out of Munster, whereupon the horse and foot in this 
town being commanded by Captain Thomas Bourke and 
Captain Dawley made ready to intercept the said Thomas 
and his party, who met upon a pass and faced one another, 
but a treaty being proposed they came to a capitulation 
wherein it was agreed j that the said Thomas and his party 
should lay dawn such horses and arms as w 'ere Jit for the 
king's service, and after so doing that they and every of their 
lives should be secured the ju, and dismissed with such parses 
and convoys as may bring them safe to their own habitations, 
without any harm to their persons or goods. All which with 
submission at their requests I humbly offer to your Excel- 
lency, and subscribe 

" Your Excellency's most humble 

" and obedient servant, 

"James Power.'' 

Arrived in Galway, the unfortunate gentlemen and the 
lady whose intuitive estimation of the Jacubite u r ood 
faith had been so fully justified, were brought before 
Baron Martin and after a short trial all except Mrs. 
Gun were condemned to death ! For some reason or 

Introductory Memoir. 1 9 

other, probably from very shame and fear of the effect on 
their cause of such a scandalous breach of honour, the 
Galway authorities delayed the execution of the sentence. 
There is no reason indeed to doubt that amongst them 
there were high minded, generous Catholics, English and 
Scotch as well as Irish, who would have fulfilled the 
terms of the Loughrea agreement had the party of mer- 
ciless bigots to whom the infatuated James surrendered 
his kingly honour and his conscience permitted them to 
do so. For fourteen long months the unhappy Protestant 
gentlemen remained in Galway, suffering the miseries of 
close imprisonment cold, hunger, and the daily expec- 
tation of a violent death. During this time their leader 
Sir Thomas Southwell described as a "very hopeful 
young gentleman, " so won upon the favour of the Earl 
of Seaforth, one of James's most devoted adherents, that 
he was able to obtain a Royal Warrant addressed to the 
Attorney General Sir Richard Xagle "to pass a pardon" 
for the Protestant Baronet. Then indeed was fully seen 
the miserable state of bondage to which James had re- 
duced himself, and the entire truth of Archbishop King's 
statement that it was by a stern necessity "he was laid 
aside as a Destroyer of his people, and a Disinheritor of 
the Crown of his ancestors.'' The valuable old tracts 
quoted by Archdeacon Rowan in the " Kerry Magazine " 
(vol. iii. p. 41,) relate that "the Earl of Seaforth showed 
the warrant to Sir Richard Xagle but he in a most unman- 
nerly and churlish fashion refused to obey it saying, " It 
was more than the king could do ! " The Earl returned 
to his royal master " continues the contemporary account 
of the transaction, " and positively tokl him that it was 

20 Introductory Memoir. 

not in his power to grant a pardon, whereupon the poor 
prince was overcome with grief and passion and locked 
himself up in his closet. This stiffness of the Attorney 
General was grounded on the Act of Attainder passed in 
their parliament whereby the king is debarred from the 
prerogative of pardoning, and the subject foreclosed from 
all expectation of mercy, as may be seen by said Act 
hereafter in its due place. He who in England is flattered 
into a conceit of absolute and unlimited power to. dis- 
pense with the established laws, is in Ireland not allowed 
the privilege inherent to all sovereign power by the laws 
of nations to pardon the offence of a subject."* 

In the month of May or June 1690, the Galway 
prisoners were removed to Dublin and sent at first to the 
White Friars, a house near the College, where they 
remained under charge of a jailor who placed barrels of 
gunpowder in the cellars beneath the rooms they occupied 
threatening to blow the building up if matters went ill 
with James's army. An appeal was made to Colonel 
Luttrell, the governor of the City, who denied that he 
had authorized this last barbarity but at the same time 
commended the zeal of the jailor. On the 24th of June 
the unfortunate gentlemen were removed from the White 
Friars to the Round Church and all the Newgate prisoners 
sent with them, so that they were well nigh stirled by the 
crowd which the warm season rendered the more into- 
lerable. The charitable contributions of their fellow Pro- 
testants collected regularly we are told in the 
" every Lord's Day " for their benefit, could no longer 

* From a tract entitled " An account of the Transactions of the 
late King James in Ireland." LunJon. 16^0. 

Introductory Memoir. 21 

reach them no Protestants daring to appear in the streets 
or at public worship. The time wore wearily on until 
late in the afternoon of the memorable and glorious 
1 st of July, there came to the metropolis flying rumours, 
that sometimes on such imminent occasions seem as if 
borne by supernatural agencies, of the result of that great 
struggle on the fair green banks of the Irish river, a 
struggle in which it is no exaggeration to say the destiny 
of half Europe was involved. First the news ran, "King 
James has won the day — the English are flying— William 
of Orange is a prisoner •" and the unfortunate Protestants 
trembled listening in their hiding places and in the foul 
gaols to the cheers of the triumphant Jacobites. Towards 
five o'clock however straggling parties of .Irish soldiers 
spurring fast their tired horses through the streets told a 
different and a truer tale, and as the summer twilight 
deepened into night James galloped in hot haste into 
the courtyard of the Royal Castle, the grey old citadel of 
the land which his ancestors had held so gallantly for 
five hundred years and which his imbecile tyranny had 
lost in a twelvemonth. The descendants of the men who 
had helped them to hold it were perishing in his dun- 
geons and for the rest, for the brave men who had fought 
and bled that day for his worthless cause, the royal 
ingrate had only taunts and reproaches. His first words 
to Lady Tyrconnell the wife of his Viceroy as she 
advanced to meet him on the Castle stairs were, 
" Madam your countrymen run well. " The beautiful 
Duchess had a large share of the ready wit which was also a 
redeeming feature in the character of her husband brave, 
blustering, Dick Talbot. With fine irony she instantly 

22 Introductory Memoir. 

replied,—" But I sec your Gracious Majesty lias won the 
race /" He hastened as fast as horses could carry him 
from Dublin to Waterford and there embarked for France, 
declaring nothing should induce him ever to com- 
mand an Irish army again, a taunt that was met by the 
drolly Irish oner of one of his deserted followers who 
said when reproached with the defeat of the Boyne, " If 
you will only change kings with us we will fight the 
battle over again and beat you ! ? ' 

When James and Tyrconnell had left Dublin the Pro- 
testants began to breathe freely. Captain Robert 
Fitzgerald, the second son of the sixteenth Fan of 
Kildare, and the grandson of the Earl of Cork, although 
he had been active in promoting the Restoration of 
Charles II. and had long and loyally served the Crown 
was on the accession of James deprived of his estate and 
committed to prison. During the Boyne he had been 
confined in the College, but on hearing of the defeat of 
their master his guards lost courage and he walked unmo- 
lested from his prison to the Castle which he found 
completely deserted by all but a Captain Farlow. Cap- 
tain Fitzgerald took possession of the fortress for 
William and Mary and with some other Protestants wrote 
to the King who arrived in Dublin on the following day. 
Archdeacon Rowan quoting from Macaulay says that 
the Galway prisoners smarting under the sense of their 
violated capitulation, and eighteen months of confinement, 
terror, and ill treatment were disposed to retaliate vio- 
lently on their persecutors, " entering their houses and 
demanding arms " but the strong and even hand of 
William checked those excesses, and our countrymen 

Introductory Memoir. 23 

were doubtless not the least demonstrative among the 
" hundreds who next day in College Green ran wildly 
about, embracing the soldiers of King William hanging 
fondly on the necks of the horses of the English dragoons 
and shaking hands with each other" (Hist, of Eng. vol iii. 
p. 642). Captain Fitzgerald had the honour of presenting 
his Majesty with the keys of the City and was afterwards 
made a member of his Privy Council. Kerry men can 
easily picture to themselves the warm welcome that 
greeted the released prisoners on their return to Grotto, 
Rattoo, Baltygarron and Castle Conway. 

In the year 1692 John Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy 
represented the borough of Tralee in the first of a long 
succession of Irish parliaments whose watchword and 
guiding maxim was Vce Vict is / This John Blenner- 
hassett was probably the husband of Margaret Crosbie 
and the father of John who was returned for the county 
in 1709 when he was yet under age. According to an 
article on the Parliamentary Representation of Kerr}' in 
the "Kerry Magazine," vol. iii. p. 172, he continued to- 
represent Kerry or one of its boroughs until 1769 (his 
son and grandson being also members of the House.) and 
was popularly known as the " Father of the Irish House 
of Commons." In 1724 Conway Blennerhassett eldest 
son of John of Killorglin was returned member for Tralee 
but deceased within the year. The Killorglin Blenner- 
hassetts seem to have taken little part in the corrupt 
politics or rather miserable borough mongering of Ire- 
land in the early part of the last century. The writer of 
the above-mentioned article in the " Kerry Magazine" has 
described it pretty accurately, so far as our county was 

24 Introductory Memoir. 

concerned, but when observing that the election of 1727 
the result of the famous Tripartite Agreement between 
Crosbies, Dennys, and 'Hassetts of the Ballyseedy branch 
" gave political quiet to Kerry for twenty years,"' he might 
have added, that this auspicious era diffused a more 
general blessing extending in fact over the whole island, 
inasmuch as the parliament which then assembled in 
Dublin had a venerable existence of three and thirty 
years. Of the three hundred members it contained two 
hundred and sixteen sat for boroughs, the two hundred 
being elected by constituencies having each a hundred 
electors, and the odd sixteen as well as thirty-six of their 
fellow members being elected each of them by TEX free 
and independent voters. 

While this senate (presenting altogether as Chief 
Justice Whiteside has remarked, the aspect of a parish 
vestry or petty corporation) employed itself in dutifully 
registering the ordinances of the English Parliament, 
John Blennerhassett the " Galway prisoner " seems to 
have resided quietly at Castle Conway which he improved 
and planted extensively. In justice to the much abused 
parish-vestry of Chichester House however, it should be 
stated, that in its earlier sittings several useful laws were 
passed for draining and cultivating waste lands, and for 
encouraging the plantation of trees so as to repair the 
damage done to woods in the preceding century. A tract 
entitled "Reflections on the Present Crisis a. d. 1794," 
by Lord Mountmorres preserved in the British Museum 
Collection gives a summary of these Acts. The Statute 5 
George II. enacted that a tenant holding for a term of seven 
years who reclaimed a portion of waste land should con- 

Introductory Memoir. 25 

tinue in his holding until all the sum he had expended was 
repaid him. If one life only in a tenant's lease remained, 
or that he held by courtesy, or for a term of fourteen years 
two parts out of three of the expense he had incurred 
were to be repaid him. Tenants planting a certain number 
of trees were entitled to half of them, and for " every pear 
and apple tree duly fenced and preserved which shall be 
profitable at the expiration of the planter's lease'* he was 
to be allowed the sum of one shilling. In 1765 a Statute 
vested the whole property of trees registered at the quar- 
ter sessions in the planter, with a right to fell the same 
saving only to the landlord the right to buy such trees for 
their value. Tenants holding under leases of lives renew- 
able for ever were excepted from the provisions of this law, 
and according to Lord Mountmorres a seventh part of 
the land of Ireland was let in that way. He adds that 
this tenure was first introduced into Ireland by the Duke 
of Ormond, who was greatly in debt and sought to raise 
large sums of money by fines, thus borrowing at the ex- 
pense of posterity. 

The small concessions and encouragements to tenants 
afforded by the Parliament of George II., effected some 
good although of course the majority of the nation derived 
no benefit from them. Aided by the natural advantages 
of our mild western climate, and a soil which, although 
less fruitful than the "golden belt"' of the midland 
counties, has still a large share of that wonderful fertility 
and regenerative power which extorted the admiration of 
Fynes Morrison, Spenser, and Dekker the district around 
Castle Conway soon grew prosperous and pleasant to 
the eye. A Tour in Ireland in 1775 by P. Luscombe 

2 6 Introductory Memoir. 

states that the land in the neighbourhood of Kilcolman 
was planted extensively with hops, and that single apple 
trees in the orchards at Ballygamboon produced each 
three hogsheads of cider.* One of these trees the tourist 
says covered two hundred and eighteen square yards and 
could have sheltered seventy-two horses under its spread- 
ing branches. He notices also the mansions at Bush- 
field (Mr. Godfrey's) Prospect Hall, (Mr. Supple's) Barley 
Mount (Mr. Crump's) and Ballycrispin the seat of the 
Spring family ancestors of the Rt. Hon. Lord Monteagle. 
Jenkin Conway was bound by the terms of his grant to 
build a strong castle forty-four feet long, and thirty feet 
high within a bawn or enclosure of three hundred and 
twenty feet in circumference. This he did, using it is 
likely the fragments of the original MacCarthy fortress 
destroyed in 1602. His descendants added on to the 
Undertaker's keep a fine manor house the demesne and 
terraced gardens of which were long remembered in 
Kerry. Mrs. FitzSimons the accomplished daughter ot 
the late Daniel O'Connell M.P. herself a descendant 
through both parents of Conways and Blennerhassetts, 
has informed me that her grand-aunt Mrs. Moynehan, a 
lady who survived to a venerable age, has often de- 
scribed to her the beauty of the old-fashioned gardens at 
Castle Conway and the stately but genial hospitality 
dispensed there in the lifetime of Conway Blennerhassett 
the grandson and heir of the Galway Prisoner. The 
wretched condition of country roads during the last 
century (although in Ireland it was calculated that dur- 
ing the twenty years preceding 1790 a sum of not less 
* V. a!>o Smith's Kerry p. 145. 

Introductory Memoir. 

than ,£200,000 had been spent upon them) made fre- 
quent calls such as are now exchanged in the course of 
an afternoon's drive an impossibility. A gay season in 
Dublin was almost as much out of the question, when an 
intended journey thither on horseback with saddle bags 
and loaded pistols involved the necessity of making one's 
will in anticipation of accidents by flood and field, tones 
and highwaymen. Country neighbours were therefore 
accustomed to pay lengthened visits to one another, 
especially about Christmas, which were prolonged lar 
beyond the little or " Ladies' Christmas' 7 of the 12th of 
January. We know from the literature of the time and 
other sources that the provincial squires of the eighteenth 
century were generally an ignorant and boorish class ol 
men, dividing their days between the covers and the stable 
and winding up with deep drinking bouts to which their 
coarse hospitality invited oftenest the hardest drinker 
and loudest swearer lay or clerical. Notwithstanding 
the brilliant defence of these "line old English Tory 
times " attempted in Lord Mahon's last volume the pro- 
vincial life of the period between i;co and 1760 must 
have been generally dull and unattractive to say the least 
of it. It was therefore rather a pleasant surprise in 
looking over old letters and documents preserved for the 
last hundred and eighty years in Kerry families to meet 
with traces of an education, taste, and culture one did not 
expect to find existing at that time in a county so remote 
from the metropolis. Portions of Captain Blenncrhassett's 
MSS. contain extracts from the best French authors 
apparently made for the instruction of his children. The 
Trench language now familiar to everyone was I suspect 

28 Introductory Memoir. 

an unknown tongue to the provincial squires of England 
in 1724. But what is even more remarkable is the fine 
legible hand-writing and correct spelling of ladies in our 
county at the same period, when Swift said not one 
gentleman's daughter in ten could write or spell her 
mother tongue correctly. The home circle at Castle 
Conway in olden times was evidently a refined and edu- 
cated as well as a pleasant one. 

Conwav Blennerhassett whose birth is registered at 
p. 42 of the Genealogical Records married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Major Thomas Lacy, a member of one of 
the most ancient Anglo-Xorman families settled in Ire- 
land, and had issue three sons, John and Thomas who 
died young, and Harman Blenerhassett who survived to 
be his heir. . He had also six daughters, 1, Susanna who 
married the 26th Lord Kinsale, their grandson was the 
grandfather of the present Michael Conrad L>e Courcy 
thirtieth Baron of Kinsale, 2, Elisabeth married Daniel 
Mac Gillicuddy Esq. son of the Mac Gillicuddy of the 
Reeks by Catherine Chute of Chute Hall and died with-' 
out issue. 3. Catherine married Captain Agnew of Holish 
county Durham by whom she had several children. 4, 
Margaret married Captain Coxon by whom she had one 
daughter. 5, Anne married Hon. Michael De Courcy 
Admiral of the Line, K.T.S. brother of Lord Kinsale 
her sister's husband, and had bv him two sons one ot 
whom married Mary Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy (v. 
Burke's Peerage,) and a daughter Anne married to Sir 
John Gordon Sinclair Bart. Avice Blennerhassett the 
sixth daughter of Conway Blennerhassett and Elizabeth 
Lacy died unmarried. 

Introductory Memoir, 29 

About the period of the first French Revolution 
Harman Blennerhasselt the brother of these ladies and 
the only surviving son of his parents visited the Continent 
an 1 resided there for several months. A visit to the 
principal European courts and cities or the " grand 
tour " as it -was then called was considered necessary to 
complete the education and impart a polish to the manners 
of every Irish gentleman of good estate. "They lose 
much that lose sight of home, more than ever schoolboy 
wept for,'' is one of the true sayings which Landor makes 
the Prior of Boxley utter in his conversation with Richard 
Cceur de Lion." Beauchamp Bagenal of Bargy Castle 
like the Scotch Squires of Burns' Twa Dogs passed 
through the cities of the Continent " riving his father's 
auld entails,'' dazzling people and princes with his splen- 
did equipage, gambling, fighting, scaling convent walls 
and carrying off countesses according to the gossip of the 
day, and of course rent-racking his miserable tenants to 
support his senseless extravagance. The danger to 
Harman Blennerhassett's fate and fortunes came in a 
subtler and yet more pernicious form. His great natural 
abilities were developed and cultivated by foreign travel, 
and especially by the intimate friendships he formed at 
Paris with the literary men and philosophers of the school 
of Voltaire and Rousseau. He returned to his Irish 
home with the intellectual acquirements and polished 
manners of an accomplished scholar and gentleman. 

* " Alas ! my Liege society is froth above and dregs below and we 
have hard work to keep the middle <>f it sweet and sound, to com- 
municate right reason and tu preserve right feeling-. In voyages 
you may see too much and learn loo little. . . We lose much \vhen 
we k»e fight of home more than ever schoolboy wept for." — (Imagi- 
nary Conversations p, 3.) 

30 ' Introductory Memoir. 

An aged relative of bis several years deceased, an excel- 
lent judge of character and disposition, used to describe 
him as possessing every gift and attraction that could 
render a man happy in himself and beloved by his fellows, 
" save only " the good old lady used to add sadly, " the 
one thing needful, faith in Christ.*' His naturally frank, 
and independent spirit did not permit Harman Blenner- 
hassett to conceal the opinions and sentiments which so 
deeply shocked the simple untravelled gentlefolk at home, 
pious and loyal believers in Church and State, and un- 
happy differences arose which the warm Irish affection 
between parents and child alone prevented from ripening 
into serious discord. After his fathers death however, 
Harman Blennerhassett decided to seek a more 
congenial home in the young Western Republic 
beyond the Atlantic, whose founders he had known 
during his residence in France. He sold to Lord 
Yen try, the husband of his father's cousin german, 
even* acre of the old, manorial estate granted to his 
Conway ancestors by Elizabeth and James I. and settled 
in a beautiful island, in one of the American rivers, where 
his ample fortune enabled him to collect around him 
books, pictures, flowers, statuary, until the place came to 
be known and described as a small paradise in itself. He 
became involved however after a time in some political 
disputes and his house and lovely demesne were burnt 
and plundered by a party of rowdies. Finally, he 
seems to have settled once more under British rule in 
Canada, and in a letter from thence dated 26th July 1S19, 
enquiring about some property in the county Longford to 
which lie believed himself entitled, as the heir-at-law of his 

Introductory Memoir. 3 1 

great grandfather Colonel Wentworth Harman, he alludes 
to his friend Thomas Addis Emmett of New York, who 
was indeed his relative through the MacLoughlins and 
Masons of Ballydowney. 

The grandchildren of Harman Blenerhasett are still I 
believe living in America, but he was himself the last 
male descendant of the eldest son of the Gal way Prisoner 
that resided in Kerry or possessed the hereditary estate. 
The Genealogical Records will supply further information 
as to his immediate family but in offering them to the 
public which I am enabled to do through the kind courtesy 
of John Hurly Esq., Fenit House, the owner of the 
original MS., I wish to observe that my first intention was 
to endeavour to arrange them in the orthodox pedigree 
form, with Roman and Arabic numerals, but finding that the 
multitudinous descents and alliances given would render 
any such attempt to disentangle the endless web of Kerry 
cousinship a most tedious and difficult task, I thought it 
best to print the old MS. exactly as the author wrote it, 
especially as notwithstanding its want of order and method 
its details are easy to follow and understand. The 
family tradition is that the earlier portion of it was written 
during Captain Blennerhassett's imprisonment at Galway 
but when the latest entries were made at Castle Conway 
he must have reached an advanced age. I am sorry to 
say that owing to the want of due preservation of our 
parish registers in Kerry during the eighteenth century I 
have been unable to obtain the dates of his birth, mar- 
riage and death. A correspondent of the Times lately 
suggested that copies of country parish registers should 
be deposited in metropolitan offices where they would be 

32 Introductory Menioir, 

accessible to the general public. This plan if earned out 
would be of great use to those who are seeking authentic 
genealogical information and who feel as a writer in 
Notes and Queries has well said that " Genealogy ought 
to be the handmaid of history, not a romance invented 
to please any one who wants a pedigree." 

In mentioning my obligations to Mr. John Hurly for 
the loan of his ancestor's MS. I must at the same time 
express my very sincere thanks for many services rendered 
to me in my task of editing this little work by Mrs. Fitz 
Simons, Mr. and Mrs. Morgan John O'Connell, Mr. W. 
M. Henessyofthe Public Record Office, Dublin, Mr.W. 
M. Hardinge, M.R.I.A., "Woodlands, Monkstown, Dub- 
lin, Mr. Francis Blennerhassett Chute, Chute Hall, 
Tralee, Mr. S. M. Hussey, Edenburn, Castle Island, 
Mr. F. A. Eagar, Xormanton house, Sandymount, and 
Mr. George Raymond B.L. Dublin. 

Cfje TBlenncrfmssett 13ctugtce 

S.D. 1580-1736. 


Cfjc TSlcnncrfcassctt Pefcigtcc. 

in the County of Cumberland, with his aged 
[S*/V^/S Father Thomas, came to the County of 
"** Kerry, Ireland, in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth with several undertakers, and particularly 
with Arthur Denny, Sir "William Herbert, and Jenkin 
Conway, to plant the forfeited estates of Gerrot Earl of 

This Robert by Elizabeth daughter of the said Jenkin 
Conway had issue three sons and one daughter. The 
sons were John, Edward and Arthur Blennerhassett the 
daughter was Elizabeth. John the eldest son by Martha 
Lyn had three sons viz.: John, Robert and Thomas and 
three daughters, Mary, Alice and Lucy. John, the eldest 
son of John and Martha, married Elizabeth Denny and 
had issue, Arthur married to Anne daughter of Sir Doyle 
Maynard and died J"./., John and one daughter viz : Ruth 
Blennerhasset This last mentioned John upon the 

36 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

death of his eldest brother Arthur without issue suc- 
ceeded, and by his wife Margaret Crosbie left issue five 
sons viz : John, Arthur since dead, Thomas, Pierce a 
lawyer, since dead, and "William and one daughter Agnes. 
This John, first son of John Blennerhassett and Margaret 
Crosbie, by his wife Jane Denny has issue, anno 1733, 
two sons and four daughters. The sons are John born 
15th June 1 7 1 5, Arthur born 19th February 1719. The 
daughters are Agnes born 2nd May 1722, Arabella born 
21st December 1726, Letitia born 28th February 1728, 
Man- born 6th October 1729. Thomas Blennerhassett, 
third son of John and Margaret, married Avice Spring 
and has issue, anno 1733, two sons John born 4th Au- 
gust 172S, and Arthur born 5th August 1731. 

William, fifth son of said John and Margaret, by Mary 
Morley daughter of Alderman John Morley of Cork has 
issue none, anno 1733. Agnes Blennerhassett, only 
daughter of John and Margaret aforesaid, by Robert 
Rogers of Ashgrove in the County Cork has issue three 
sons and two daughters. The sons are John, Robert 
and William, the daughters are Anne, and Agnes Rogers 
who married Doctor Richard Frankland. And the said 
Margaret Crosbie is now married to the Hon. Captain 
David Barry brother to the Earl of Barrymore. Edward 
Blennerhassett, the second son of the first mentioned 
Robert and Elizabeth Conway, by Mar)' Yauclier, a de- 
scendant of Lord Vauclerc in France of whom Philip De 
Comines makes mention in his history, had issue one 
daughter Anne Blennerhassett, who by Captain John 
Baker of Castle Eve in the County Kilkenny had issue, 
three sons and two daughters. The sons were John, 

The BIcnncrJiassett Pedigree. 37 

Edward, and William and the daughters were Isabella 
and Elizabeth Baker. John Baker the eldest of the 
three sons by * * * ::: Mihill had issue an only son Henry 
who married Hannah Cook, daughter of Phanuel Cook 
of Garron Gibbon in Tipperary, and by her left issue an 
only daughter Henrietta, who married Henry Baker of 
Kathcolbin, son of the before mentioned Edward Baker, 
and has issue, anno 1733, a son John. Isabella, eldest 
daughter of Captain John Baker and Anne Blennerhas- 
sett, by * * * * Wall of Phrumplestown in Kildare left 
issue a son and a daughter, Garrett and Ellis Wall who 
are both married. Elizabeth Baker, second daughter of 
Captain John Baker and Anne Blennerhassett, by Walter 
Milbanck of Raheen near Ross Mac Cruon left issue 
Samuel, Anne, Isabella and Henrietta Milbanck. 

Arthur Blennerhassett, third son of first mentioned 
Robert and Elizabeth Conway, by Mary Fitzgerald of 
Ballynard in the County Limerick had issue seven sons 
and three daughters- The sons were Edward, Robert, 
John, Thomas, Arthur, Gerrard and William. The 
daughters were Elizabeth, Annabella and Ellen. John 
and William the third and seventh sons died unmarried 
as did Elizabeth. Edward the first son of said Arthur 
and Mary married Elizabeth Windall (an heiress by her 
mother * * * * Rice of Riddlestown in the county of 
Lymerick) and left issue Rice Blennerhassett and two 
daughters. Rice Blennerhas-ett is married to Mary 
Buckworth of Cashel and has as yet, anno 1 733. no issue 
by her. The first daughter of Edward Blennerhassett and 
Elizabeth Windall married * * * * Bowden of * * * * 
and left issue, and * * * * second daughter of Edward 

38 TJic Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

and Elizabeth by * * * * Crofts left issue. Robert Blen- 
nerhassett, second son of Arthur and Mary, was Prime Ser- ' 
jeant in the reign of Queen Anne and by Alice Osborne, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Osborne of Ticmor in the county 
of Waterford, and widow of Waiters of Cullen, left issue 
one son and four daughters. The son is Arthur, and the 
daughters are Mary, Annabella, Alice and Elizabeth. 
Arthur Blennerhassett an able lawyer, King's Counsel and 
member of Parliament chosen for the Burrough of Tralee, 
married Mar)- Pope heiress of Derryknockane in county 
of Lymerick and has yet no issue, anno 1733. Mar}-, 
first daughter of Robert and Alice, by Doctor Thomas 
Squire of Coolrane in the county of Londonderry has 
issue, one son and three daughters, anno 1735, tne son ' s 
Thomas, the daughters Alice, Anne and Mary. Anna- 
bella, second daughter of Robert and Alice, by John 
Groves of Ballyhymock in county of Corke has issue three 
sons, (illegible) and four daughters, Elinor, Arabella, 
Catherine and Dorothy. Arabella, second of these 
daughters, married Edward Smith of Killpatrick county 
Cork. Thomas Blennerhassett, fourth son of Arthur by 
Mary Fitzgerald, married Ruth Blennerhassett his cousin, 
only daughter of John by Elizabeth Denny, and left issue 
two daughters, viz : Mary and Jane. Mary, first of these 
two daughters, married George Rowan of Maghera in the 
county of Londonderry and left issue three sons, viz: 
John, George and Thomas Rowan and seven daughters 
Mary, Margaret, Ruth, Sarah, Katherine, Jane and 
Elizabeth Rowan. John Rowan, first son, by Sarah 
Leslie grand daughter of Dean John Leslie famed for his 
services in the wars of 168S among the Enniskillen men, 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 39 

left issue, anno 1732, when he died a son George and two 
daughters Man- and Sarah Rowan. Mary Rowan, first 
daughter of George and Mary Blennerhassett, married 
William Mullens of Burnham near Dingle and has issue, 
anno 1733, three sons and five daughters. The sons are 
George, Frederick and Richard and the daughters are 
Mary, Frances, Anne, and Katherine Mullens. Margaret 
•Rowan, second daughter of George and Mary, married 
Roger Crimble of Donaghadee in the County Down and 
hath no issue. Ruth Rowan, third daughter of George 
and Mary, married Charles Chambers of Letterkenny in 
Donegal and has no issue. Sarah Rowan, fourth daughter 
of George and Mary, married first William Shiercliffe of 
Castle Gregory and had no issue. By her second husband 
George Cash ell of Tipperary she has issue, anno 1 735, two 
sons George and Henry and three daughters Mary, Frances 
and Ruth CasheL Katherine Rowan, the fifth daughter 
of George Rowan and Mary Blenerhassett, by Pierce 
Chute of O'Brenane has issue, anno 1733, three sons and 
four daughters viz : Eusebius, George, Richard and Mary, 
Charity, Anne and Catherine Chute. 

Jane Blennerhassett, second daughter of Thomas and 
Ruth, married Richard Hall of Ballyconnigan County 
Cork son of John Hall and Joanna Stout of Youghal 
(which John was the son of John Hall, an English 
gentleman and one of the Prebendaries of St. Finbarrye's 
Cork, by Julia O'Ryan. niece of Master Dermot O'Ryan 
of Sullaghode, county Tipperary) and left issue when she 
died, anno 1725, a son John born January 9th 1725, 
and two daughters Mary and Joanna Hall. 

Arthur Blenerhassett, fifth son of Arthur and Mary 

40 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

Fitzgerald, died unmarried, a Senior Fellow of Trinity 
College Dublin, a man of singular probity, universal learn- 
ing and sound judgment, — he fell — unhappily to the great 
regret and harm of his friends, " nltj-a * * * * (illegible) 
* * * * * * * Gerrald Blennerhassett, sixth son of said 
Arthur and Mary, by Christiana Bayley of Lough Gur in 
the county Lymerick, had issue one son viz : Arthur 
and six daughters viz : Mar}-, Rachel, Annabella, Ellen, 
Elizabeth and Christiana. Arthur Blennerhassett by 
Margaret Hayes of (illegible) in county Lymerick has 
issue, anno 1733, one son and one dau Hayes and Ellen, 
{and in 1735 a son named Gerrard.) Mary Blennerhassett, 
eldest daughter of Gerrald and Christiana, by Maurice 
Wall of Dunmoylan an able lawyer, the representative of 
Wall of Dunmoylan, left issue one son John Wall a 
young gentleman of great hopes who died lately much 
lamented and a daughter Mary. Rachel Blennerhassett, 
second daughter of said Gerard and Christiana, by Daniel 
Heaphy of * * * * in the county Lymerick has issue, 
anno 1733, six sons and three daughters. The sons are 
John, Gerard, Blennerhassett, Robert, Tottenham, and 
Arthur Heaphy, the daughters are Mar)-, Annabella and 
Christiana. Annabella Blennerhassett, third daughter of 
Gerrard and Christiana, died unmarried. Ellen Blenner- 
hassett, fourth daughter of Gerrard and Christiana, 
married Thomas Spires Gabbett of Baggotstown in the 
county Lymerick (dead) and left issue by him Ellen 
Spires Gabbet. Elizabeth Blennerhassett, fifth daughter 
of Gerrard and Christiana, married in 1733 William 
Harding of Coomgrin in the county Lymerick. Christiana 
Blennerhassett, sixth daughter of Gerrard and Christiana, 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 41 

by Thomas Lloyd of Kildroman in the county Lymerick 
has issue one son, viz: Richard Lloyd, anno 1 731, de- 
ceased, (since another son Richard, and El! en and a son 
born anno 1 735-) Annabella, second daughter of Arthur 
Blennerhassett and Mar}- Fitzgerald, married Captain 
Abraham Green of Ballymachrist in County Lymerick, 
one of the brave Derry officers who preserved that city 
against a long siege ,in 16S9. Ellen, third daughter of 
said Arthur and Mary, by Henry Bay ley of Lough Gur 
left issue. 

Elizabeth Blennerhassett, only daughter of Robert and 
Elizabeth Conway, by Captain George Norton of Moyagh 
Castle, County Clare, had issue Elizabeth Norton who by 
Augustine Fitzgerald (mine and Brother Thomas's kind 
friend in our fourteen months imprisonment in Galway, 
anno 16S9,) left issue one son William and one daughter 
Ellen. William Fitzgerald married Jane Bryan of Bane- 
more in the County Kilkenny and had issue, anno 17 19, 
three sons and three daughters. The sons are Augustine, 
Norton since dead, and William, the daughters are Eliza- 
beth, Elinor and Walcote Fitzgerald. Augustine married 
Martha O'Ryan, only daughter of Major Morgan O'Ryan 
of Silver Grove in the County Clare, and has issue one son 
named Norton. William, third son of William Fitzgerald 
and Jane Bryan of Banemore, married Elizabeth Spaight 
of the Lodge, County Clare. Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
of said William and Jane married Henry levers of Mount 
levers and has issue by him two sons and three daughters, 
the sons are Augustine and Norton, the daughters are 
Jane, Ellen and Hannah Maria levers. Eleanor Fitzgerald, 
second daughter of William and Jane, married John 

42 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

Mincheon of Glandhilly in the County Tipperary Esq. 
and has issue by him, anno 1735, live sons v ^ z : J onn > 
William, Francis, Edward, and Thomas Mincheon. Ellen 

Fitzgerald, daughter of Augustine Fitzgerald and Eliza- 
beth Norton, Married Colonel John levers of Mount 
levers in the County Clare and left issue four sons 
Henry, Augustine, William and Thomas and six daughters. 
Robert Blennerhassett, the second son of John and 
Martha Lyn, by his wife Avice Conway, one of the.grand- 
daughters and co-heiresses of Jenkin Conway mentioned 
at page 1, left issue, three sons viz: John {the Writer,) 
Thomas, Henry and five daughters, Catherine, Avice, 
Alice, Lucy and Anne Blennerhassett. John, the first 
son of Robert Blennerhassett by Avice Conway, married 
Elizabeth Cross daughter of Doctor Benjamin Cross of 
Blackball in Oxford, first Rector of Christ Church Cork, 
and afterwards (about anno 1683,) of Sprotsbury in Dor- 
setshire and had issue six sons and four daughters. The 
sons were Conway, John, Benjamin, Thomas, Edward 
and Arthur, and the daughters were Anne, Elizabeth 
Tryphena and Mary Blenerhassett. Conway, eldest 
son of John Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Cross, by 
his wife Elizabeth daughter of Colonel Wentworth Har- 
man of Movie in the county Longford left issue, one 
son by name Conway, born 3d of June 1720, and two 
daus viz: Avice born 16th of June 17 18 and Mar- 
garet barn 27th of October 1721. The first mentioned 
Conway husband of Elizabeth Harman died anno 1724, 
in the thirty-first year of his age an able Lawyer of great 
hopes, chosen a member of Parliament for the Burrough 
of Tralee, he was born October 3d, 1693. John, second 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 43 

son of John Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Cross, by his 
wife Anne one of the daughters of Colonel James Dawson 
of Ballynacourty in the county Tipperarv has issue, anno 
1 733, two sons and two daughters, the sons are Dawson 
born 23d October 1725, and John {dead) and the daugh- 
ters are Elizabeth and (illegible.) John Blennerhassett 
was born 6th April 1696. Benjamin, third son of John 
Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Cross, by Susanna daughter 
of the Reverend and learned Dean John Richards left 
issue Susanna lately dead. This Dean Richards was son 
of John Richards one of the Eellows of Winchester Col- 
lege by * * * * Ryeves. and he left another daughter 
Deborah Richards who by Lieutenant Thomas Lacy had 
issue, anno 1732, Katherine and Elizabeth Lacy. (*Said 
Benjamin Blennerhassett was born 13/// September 1698.) 
Thomas, fourth son of John Blennerhassett and Elizabeth 
Cross, was born 13th of August 1700. He married Mary 
Frankland on the 9th of March, 1735, anc ^ nas issue anno 
1736, one daughter by name * * * * Edward, fifth son of 
John Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Cross, by his wife 
Mary Fitzgerald, daughter of Lieutenant Edward Fitz- 
gerald and Jane Leader, has issue anno 1733, a son John, 
a daughter born in January 1733, and a son Conway born 
in May 1736,(6*7// Edward Blennerhassett was born 2,1st 
Mareh, 1705.) Arthur sixth son of said John Blenner- 
hassett and Elizabeth Cross married Mildred, daughter of 
Captain Joshua Markham and Mildred Brewster, who is 
since dead. She was grand-daughter of Sir Francis Brew- 
ster and had issue, anno 1733, one son by name Joshua. 

* All words printed in italics and bracketed are interlineations in 
the original. 

44 The Blcnnerhassett Pedigree. 

(Said Arthur Blcnnerhassett was born 19th February 1706.' 
He married secondly 3th February 1734, Sarah Gun.) 
Anne, eldest daughter of John Blennerhassett and Eliza- 
beth Cross, by Denis McGillicuddy of Carruebeg, called 
"the McGillicuddy" who died anno 1730, has issue 
living, anno 1733, four sons and three daughters. The 
sons are Denis McGillicuddy born 15th November 17 18. 
Cornelius born 28th January 1721. John born 26th 
July 1727. Philip born 10th February 1729. The daugh- 
ters are Avice McGillicuddy, Mary, and Elizabeth, to 
said three daughters their father bv will devised on his 
estate five hundred pounds viz : to Avice ^200, to Mary 
£200 to Elizabeth ^100. And said Anne Blennerhas- 
sett married secondly in January 1731, Thomas Herbert 
son of Arthur Herbert Esq. of Currens and by him has 
issue, anno 1733, one son viz : Arthur and a daughter by 
name Charity. Elizabeth, second daughter of John Blen- 
nerhassett and Elizabeth Cross, married Townsend Gun 
Esq. of Rattow, son of William Gun and Katherine 
Townsend of Castleton in county Cork and has issue, 
one daughter born 4th July 1725 byname Katherine, and 
Elizabeth Margaret born 14th September, 1736. 

Toumsetid Gun's Ancestry. 

William Gun Esq. of Rattow son of William Gun of 
Lfscahane in 1641, by Elizabeth Waller daughter of 
Richard Waller of Cully in the county of Tipperary, left 
issue William and George Gun which last named William 
married Catherine Townsend as before said, and by her 
left issue the said Townsend Gun married to Elizabeth 

The BlcnnerJiassctt Pedigree. 45 

Blcnncrhassett, another son Francis and three daughters, 
viz : Rebecca Gun married to Ambrose Moore, Sarah 
married to Richard Downing, Catherine married to John 
Roche of Farranpierse all in the County Kerry. George 
Gun, second son of first William Gun, married Sarah 
Connor daughter of the learned Archdeacon Thomas 
Connor of Ardfert and has issue, anno 1733, five sons 
William, Richard, John, George, Henry, and five 
daughters Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, Honora and Margaret 
Gun. Elizabeth, eldest of these five, married Richard 
Morris Esq. of Finuge, son of Counsellor Samuel Morris 
and Elizabeth Southwell (who was daughter of Richard 
Southwell of Callow in the County limerick by Lady- 
Elizabeth O'Brien, daughter of Murrogh Earl of Inchi- 
quin) and by said Richard Morris has issue, anno 1 733, 
two sons Samuel and George, and two daughters Sarah 
and Rachel Morris. 

Tryphena, third daughter of John Blennerhassett and 
Elizabeth Cross, born 21st of January 1703, by her 
husband Ulick Fitzmaurice of Duaghnafeely has issue 
one son and tA\o daughters, viz : Garret born 7th October 
1724, Elizabeth born 9th June 1726 and Clifford Fitz- 
maurice born 9th July 1727. Mary, fourth daughter of 
John Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Cross, (born 23rd 
April 1707,) married to Raymond Fitzmaurice brother 
to the before mentioned Ulick. (She married herself.) 
Thomas Blennerhassett, second son of Robert by Avice 
Conway, by Jane Darby of * * * * in Wales has issue 

46 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

anno 1733, three sons viz : John, Chiswell, Arthur and 
four daughters, Elizabeth, Avice, Jane and Alice. The 
sons are not yet married. Elizabeth, eldest daughter of 
Thomas Blennerhassett and Jane Darby, by William Con- 

ron (son to Robert Conron Esq. and * * * * Carleton) 
has issue, anno 1727, one daughter Mary. Avice, second 
daughter of said Thomas Blennerhassett and Jane Darby, 
married Thomas Collis, Yiear of Dingle, and has issue, 
anno 1733, three daughters, viz : Jane, Man- and Isabella 
Collis. Jane, third daughter of Thomas Blennerhassett 
and Jane Darby, married Maurice Connell, the heir 
in remainder to Colonel Maurice Connell, who was 
killed in the battle of Aughrim and has issue by him. 
Alice, fourth daughter of said Thomas Blennerhasset and 
Jane Darby, married Thomas Hurly, son of Denis Hurly, 
a descendant of one of the brothers of Sir Thomas 
Hurly of Knocklong, County Limerick) by Anne Blenner- 

Henry Blennerhassett, third son of Robert and Avice 
Conway, married Dorcas Crumpe and left issue, anno 
1733, five sons viz., Arthur, Robert, Samuel, Edward, 
Richard and four daughters, Dorcas, Avice, Alice and 
Lucy. Arthur Blennerhassett, eldest son of Henry and 
Dorcas, renounced his own and his family's religion and 
withdrew to France where he died a Doctor of Sorbonne. 
Robert Blennerhassett, second son of Henry and Dorcas, 
married Frances Yielding daughter of Richard Yielding 
and Belinda Bateman and had issue a daughter named 
Belinda and a son named Henry. Samuel Blenner- 
hassett, third son of Henry and Dorcas, married Cathe- 
rine Connor daughter of Archdeacon Connor of Ardfert 

The Blennerhassett Fedigree. 47 

and has issue, anno 1735, a son named Henry. Dorcas 
Blennerhassett, eldest daughter of said Henry and 
Dorcas, married John Godfrey of Ballingamboon and 
has issue a son whose name is Thomas and three 
daughters Dorcas,' Avice and Mar)- Godfrey. Avice 
Blennerhassett, second daughter of Henry and Dorcas, 
by John Yielding of Tralee has issue living, anno 1733, 
a son by name James, born 26th of November 1717, 
and a daughter by name Lucy Yielding. Alice Blenner- 
hassett, third daughter of Henry and Dorcas, by Daniel 
Ferris of Muckinagh has issue. 

Catherine Blennerhassett, first daughter of Robert and 
Avice Conway, married first Richard Mac Loughlin of 
Ballydowney, son of Captain Richard Mac Loughlin by 
Elizabeth Pue of Dublin, and has issue only two daughters 
(who are co-heiresses to the lands of Ballydowney, county 
of Kerry) viz : Elizabeth and Avice Mac Louglin. The 
eldest Elizabeth married Lieutenant Myles Martin of 
Lurgan in the County Down, but now of the City cf 
Cork, and has issue, anno 1733, one son by name Henry 
and three daughters viz : Eleanor, Catherine and Agnes 
Martin. The second daughter Avice Mac Loughlin 
married John Mason of Bally mac Elligot, (great grandson 
of Sir John Mason of Sion House near London by 
Elizabeth Tuchet daughter of John Tuchet Lord Audley) 
and has issue living, anno 1733, three sons viz: James, 
Richard, and John and three daughters viz : Catherine, 
Barbara and Ellen Mason. {Catherine, first dau, married 
Francis S/>ri//j.) James Mason, first son of John and 
Avice, married Catherine Power (daughter of Pierce Power 
of Elm Grove Esq. by Catherine O'Hara) and has issue 

48 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

living anno 1733. And said Catherine Blennerhassett 
on the death of Richard Mac Loughlin married secondly 
John Conway, a descendant of Jenkin Conway mentioned 
at page 1, and has issue living, anno 1733, one daughter 
only, by name Mildred who is married to Thomas Jeflf- 
cott of Tonarigh by whom she has issue. Avice, second 
daughter of Robert Blennerhassett and Avice Conway, 
married Thomas Spring, son of Captain Thomas Spring 
the first of that name in Kerr}- (by his wife Annabella 
Brown daughter of John Brown of Knockany and Ka- 
therine O'Ryan of Sullaghode) and has issue living, 
anno 1733, four sons, viz: Thomas Spring a lawyer 
of great hopes, Edward now in the King of Prussia's or 
the Emperor of Germany's service, Francis, John, and 
four daughters viz : Alice, Anne, Annabella and Mary 
Spring. Thomas, eldest of these four sons of Thomas 
Spring and Avice Blennerhassett, married Hannah An- 
nesley youngest daughter of Francis Annesley of 
Ballyshannon, county Kildare, Esq. and has a son. 
(by name Thomas born 3d Jim?, 1 735.) Francis 
Spring, third son of Avice and Thomas, by his cousin 
Catherine Mason eldest daughter of John Mason and 
Avice Mac Loughlin has issue, one son by name John 
born June 23d 1730, and a daughter by name Avice 
born 23d December 1 734. Alice (deceased), third daugh- 
ter of Robert Blennerhassett and Avice Conway, by 
Walter Spring second son of Captain Thomas Spring left 
issue living, anno 1733, one son viz '■ Thomas and four 
daughters viz : Avice, Anne, Martha and Jane Spring. 
Thomas, only son of said Walter Spring and Alice Blen- 
nerhassett married Anne Fitzmaurice a descendant of 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 49 

Fitzmaurice of Buaghnafeely and has two sons, anno 
1732, viz: William and Thomas. A vice Spring, eldest 
daughter of said Walter and Alice, married Thomas 
Blennerhassett and has issue John and Arthur and 
Thomas born in 1736. Anne Spring, second daughter 
of said Walter and Alice, married • Thomas Frankland 
Prebendary of Cloyne. Martha Spring, third daughter 
of Walter and Alice, married Captain John Thwaite of 
* * * * in Cumberland an able and experienced mariner. 
Jane Spring, fourth daughter of Walter and Alice, by 
Thomas Eagarof Ballymalis (illegible) to * * * "'Brewster 
and * * * * to Counsellor William Dunscomb of Cork 
deceased has issue anno 1733. 

Lucy Blennerhassett, fourth daughter of Robert and 
Avice Conway, by Monsieur John Plaguavan a French 
gentleman has issue, anno 1733, two sons and two 
daughters viz : John and George, Jane and Avice 
Plaguavan. John Plaguavan of Cork eldest of these 
sons married Elizabeth Laird* of Cork and has issue, 
anno 1734, a son by name John, {and on the 20/// of 
June 1736 a son by name Henry.) Jane, eldest daughter 
of John Plaguavan and Lucy Blennerhassett, married 
John Poujade a French gentleman and has issue a son 
John born in 1732. Anne, fifth daughter of Robert 
Blennerhassett and Avice Conway of Killorglin, married 
Denis Hurly a descendant of a brother of Sir Thomas 
Hurly of Knocklong in the county Lymerick Bart, or of 
Sir Maurice Hurly his father, and has issue, anno 1733, 
five sons viz : Thomas, Charles, John. Denis, William and 
three daughters viz : Alice, Avice and Sarah Hurly. 

I he name is half illegible— it is Laird or Lane. 

50 The Blcnncrhassett Pedigree. 

Thomas Hurly, eldest son of said Denis and Anne, is 
married to Alice Blennerhassett as mentioned at p. 46. 
Alice Hurly, eldest daughter of said Denis and Anne, 
is married to * * * * and has issue. Avis, second 
daughter of said Denis and Anne, is married to * * * * 
Eagar of * * * * and has issue. 

My Mother Avice Conway's Pedigree from Wales by her 


Sir Hugh Conway was succeeded by Sir Henry 
Conway who married Alice, daughter to Sir Henry 
Croniker, and had Richard Conway who married Alice 
daughter of Sir Henry Torbock of Torbock, and had John 
Conway who married Jane daughter of Sir Richard Rat- 
cliffe in Devonshire, and had Jenkin Conway who married 
(illegible) the daughter of Meredith, and had old John 
Conway who married Jane Stanley, and had Pierce 
Conway who married Jane daughter of Jenkin the son of 
Llewellyn, and had Henry Conway who married Grace 
Dry, and had Jenkin Conway, who married Mary Herbert, 
and with his three brothers, Hugh, Edward and William 
Conway came to Ireland in the reign of Queen Elizabeth 
as Undertaker to plant near Killorglin, in the county of 
Kerry, one of the forfeited Manors and Estates of 
Garret Earl of Desmond, and by said Mary Herbert had 
issue an only son Jenkin, and two daughters Alice and 
Elizabeth Conway. Alice was married to Edmund Roe 
of Cloghane and Elizabeth to Robert Blennerhassett as 
mentioned at first page. Jenkin, the only son of said 
Jenkin and Mary, married Avice Dalton of Knockmore 

The Blcnncrhassett Pedigree. 51 

in Waterford, and left issue one son Edward, and two 
daughters, viz : Marv married to Daniel O 'Sullivan 
(second son of the then O'Sullivan More) and Alice 
Conway married to Captain. Edward Vauclier. This 
Edward Conway by his wife Catherine Ryeves daughter 
of James Ryeves (who was son of Sir Robert Ryeves 
and Dorothy Tuchet, daughter of Lord Audley father of 
the first Earl of Castlehaven,) and Alice Spring left issue 
two daughters, viz : Alice and Avis Conway co-heiresses 
to the estate of Killorglin. 

Alice Conway, first mentioned of these ladies, married 
Patrick Dowdall of Kippagh in the County Lymerick Esq. 
and by him has issue, living in 1733, one son John 
Dowdall Esq. an able lawyer residing generally in 
London and also four daughters viz : Katherine, 
Susanna, Bridget and Ellen. The said John Dowdall, 
hitherto unmarried, is a gentleman of estate in the 
Counties of Lymerick and Kerry and of plentiful fortune 
elsewhere. Katherine Dowdall, eldest daughter of Pat- 
rick and Alice, married Patrick Peppard of Kilmacow in 
the County Limerick and has issue one son Patrick, and 
three daughters Mary, Cicely, and Constance Peppard. 
Patrick Peppard of Kilmacow, only son of Patrick and 
Katherine, by his. wife Faith Standish of Baliynafrancky 
in the County Limerick has issue, anno 1735, coming. 
Maty Peppard, eldest daughter of Patrick and Katherine, 
married first * * * * O'Leary in the CountyCork, by whom 
she has issue Charles O Leary and secondly Denis O'Brien 
of Nenagh, County Tipperary, by whom she has issue. 
Cicely Peppard, second daughter of Patrick Peppard and 
Katherine Dowdall married Richard Stephenson of Bally- 

52 The BlenncrJiassctt Pedigi'ee. 

vaughan in the County Limerick and has issue four sons 
and one daughter. The sons are Oliver Stephenson 
married to Sarah daughter of Henry Harte of Coolrus, 
John, Patrick and Richard and the daughter is Frances 
who married Thomas Hickey of Ballyrobbin, County 
Limerick. Constance Peppard, third daughter of Patrick 
Peppard and Katherine Dowdall, married Morgan O'Con- 
nell of Newtown, County Limerick and of Cork and has 
issue, anno 1735, three sons Charles, Morgan and John 
and three daughters Mary, Honora and Constance 
O'Connell. Susanna, second daughter of Patrick Dow- 
dall and Alice Conway, by her husband (illegible) has 
issue several children. Bridget, third daughter of said 
Patrick and Alice, married Symon Leigh of Kippagh, in 
county Lymerick, and has issue three sons Hugh, Symon 
and Thomas and three daughters Elizabeth, Bridget and 
Catherine Leigh. Ellen, fourth daughter of Patrick Dow- 
dall and Alice Conway, by John Leigh hath issue, anno 
1 733. four sons John, Arthur, Anthony and Patrick Leigh 
and five daughters Ellen, Elizabeth, Bridget, Catherine 
and Susanna. And on the death of Patrick Dowdall 
Alice Conway married to her second husband Edmund 
Lacy of Rathcahill Esq. and by him left two sons, 
Edmund who went to France after the surrender of 
Lymerick in 1691, and Patrick and also two daughters, 
viz: Honora and Elizabeth Lacy. Patrick Lacy second 
son of Edmund and Alice, by Lucy Anketill daughter 
of John Anketill of Farrihy in the county of Lymerick 
Esq. has issue three sons, viz : Edmund, Patrick, and 
William and four daughters, Joanna, Lucy married to 
James Mac Mahon of Newcastle, Mary, and Frances 

The Blennerhassctt Pedigree. 53 

Lacy. Edmund, first son of Patrick Lacy and Lucy 
Anketill, by Jane Conway has issue three sons and five 
daughters anno 1733. Patrick, second son of Patrick 
Lacy and Lucy Anketill, by Mary Herbert has issue one 
son {and one daughter earning, anno 1734, and since tivo 
daughters, anno 1735.) Joanna, eldest daughter of Pa- 
trick Lacy and Lucy Anketill, by her husband Richard 
Mason brother to John Mason husband of A vice 
Mc Loughlin (v. page 47) has issue anno 1733. Lucy, 
second daughter of Patrick and Lucy, married as above to 
James Mac Mahon, is dead leaving issue. Avice Conway, 
second daughter of Edward Conway and Katherine 
Ryeves and co-heiress with her sister to the Seignory of 
Killorglin, married Robert Blennerhassett and left issue 
the sons and daughters mentioned at page 42. 

N.B. The Conway Coat Armour is a Boar Sable on a 
Bengules {illegible) argent, a Rose proper between two annu- 
lets of the Field, the Crest is a Black a Moor's head. 

The Pedigree of my wife Elizabeth Cross and her con- 

Dean John Eveleigh, of or near Bandon in county 
Cork, by his wife Mildred Coldwell (daughter of * * * * 
Boyle who was cousin german to Primate Boyle) had 
issue five daughters only, viz : Alice, Anne, Rebecca, 
Jane and Elizabeth Eveleigh. Alice Eveleigh, eldest 
daughter, by Richard Power of Carrigaline left issue 
one son Erancis and one daughter Hannah. Francis 
Power married Mary O'Callaghan daughter of Cor- 

54 Tke B leaner hassett Pedigree. 

nelius O'Callaghan of Banteer, and h?s issue, anno 
1 733, four sons viz : Richard, Cornelius. Pierce and 
David and three daughters Elizabeth; Joanna and 
Mary. Joanna second of these daughters married James 
Holmes of (illegible) under Ballinahoura Hill N. C. 
Hannah Power, daughter of Alice Eveleigh and Richard 
Power, by Uriah Babington Esq. son of William Bab- 
ington of Ballyhindon in county Cork, who was grandson 
of Alice Dalton sister of A vice Dal ton, the wife of Jenkin 
Conway (see p. 50) has issue, anno 1733, one son, viz : 
William Babington of Dromkeen in county Kerr)' Esq. and 
five daughters viz : Katherine, Alice, Hannah, Mary and 
Aphra Babington. William Babington, only son of 
Uriah and Hannah, is yet unmarried, anno 1733. 
Katherine Babington, eldest daughter of Uriah and 
Hannah, by her husband Angel Scott of Cahircon, county 
Lymerick, had issue, anno 1721, two daughters viz : 
Alice and Mary and since then they have had other 
children, living anno 1733. Alice Babington, second 
daughter of Uriah and Hannah, married Samuel Sealy of 
Cork, (son of William Sealy and Mildred Mullens,) and 
has issue, anno 1729, a son byname John born 17th 
April 1726, and three daughters viz : Mildred born 29th 
March 1724, Elizabeth born 23d May 1727 and Hannah 
Sealy born in February 1729. (Also Ury bor?i February 
1 7 2S, Alice born in 1730, Samuel born in 1 734.) Hannah 
Babington, third daughter of Uriah Babington and 
Hannah Power, married William Meredith of Castle 
Island and died, anno 1 733, leaving issue. And the said 
Uriah Babington had two brothers viz : William of 
Maglass and Pierce Babington of Dromartin, county 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 55 

Kerry, yet unmarried, and also two sisters Catherine and 
Elizabeth Babington yet unmarried. 

Anne Eveleigh second daughter, of Dean John 
Eveleigh and Mildred Coldwell, by Doctor Benjamin 
Cross had issue, three sons viz : John, Robert and 
William Cross, who except John died unmarried, and 
John had no issue. Doctor Cross had also three daughters 
Tryphena, a beautiful, charitable, and religious woman 
who died unmaried, Mary, and Elizabeth Cross my wife, 
to whose memory I raised a monument and had the fol- 
lowing inscription writt on her tomb : 

" Hie jacet Elizabetha charissima coxjux 
Johaxxis Blexxerhassett armigeri ; 


obiitt 22. die Marti 1 MDCCXXXII, Axxoq; 

JETATIS SL\E LXIII. M.EREXS maritus posuit. 



MDCLXIII. Etiam Jexkix et Edwardus 





This Elizabeth Cross left issue by me as mentioned at 
page 42. Mary Cross, second daughter of Doctor Cross 
and Anne Eveleigh, by William Collis has issue, anno 
1733, six sons viz: John, Thomas, Edward, Robert, 
Samuel and Henry Collis and three daughters Anne 
Martha, and Mary Collis. John, first son of said William 

56 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

Collis and Mary Cross, married Elizabeth Cook of Cork 
and left issue two sons, anno 1727, William and John 
Collis. Thomas Collis, second son of said William and 
Mary is a clergyman and by his wife A vice Blennerhassett 
has issue as mentioned at page 46. Edward Collis, 
third son of said William and Mary, married Ellen Hil- 
Hard and has issue, anno 1733, four sons viz: William, 
Christopher, Edward and Henry and one daughter Sarah 
Collis {and since other sons Arthur and Thomas, Samuel 
and John?) Robert Collis, fourth son of said William 
and Man-, by Elizabeth Day had issue three children all 
dead, anno 1 734. Henry Collis, sixth son of said William 
and Man-, is a clergyman. Anne Collis, first daughter of 
said William and Mary, by her husband Samuel Bennett 
of Ballincollon, County Lymerick, deceased left issue 
three sons viz : George, William and Joseph, and four 
daughters viz : Mar)-, Isabella, Martha, and Prudence 
Bennett. George Bennett, eldest son of Samuel Bennett 
and Anne Collis, married Sarah Hilliard. Mary Bennett, 
eldest daughter of Samuel and Anne, married William 
Creed of Ballindall in the County Lymerick by whom she 
has issue, anno 1733, three daughters, viz : Anne, Jane, 
and Sarah Creed. Martha, second daughter of William 
Collis and Mary Cross, married Joseph Gubbins of 
Kilbreedy County Lymerick. Mary Collis, third daughter 
of said William and Mary, married Simon King of 
Killoonnear Cork and has issue, anno 1733, one daughter 
Mary King. 

Rebecca, third daughter of Dean Eveleigh and his wife 
Mildred Coldwell, married first, Henry Parr a pious and 
learned Divine of the Church of England who was un- 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 57 

happily drowned going to the service of one of his 
parishes at * * * * in the county Cork, and by him she 
left issue three sens and two daughters. The sons were 
Henry, William and Thomas, the daughters Martha and 
Mildred Parr. Henry Parr, eldest of these three sons of 
said Rebecca and Henry, married Man* Connor daughter 
of Archdeacon Connor and by her has issue, anno j 733 
three sons and two daughters, Thomas, Henry and 
Maurice, Mary and Martha Parr. Thomas Parr, third 
son of Henry Parr and Rebecca Eveleigh, married * * * * 
a Londoner and left issue children now residing in 
London, anno 1733. Martha Parr, eldest daughter of 
said Henry and Rebecca, married * * * * Paul near 
Bristol and has issue. Mildred Parr, second daughter 
of said Henry and Rebecca, by her husband John Louis 
de Fauranac, a French gentleman and Refugee (who 
upon the Persecution was forced to quit an estate 
called Chateau Jaloux in the Province of Guienne in 
France) has issue, anno 1734, four sons and six daughters. 
The sons are Henry, John, Louis, Thomas and William and 
the daughters are Jane, Rebecca, Martha, Mildred, Eliza- 
beth and Tryphena. And the said Rebecca Eveleigh on 
the death of her first husband Henry Parr married secondly, 
Thomas Gorman of * * * * in the County Cork and 
left issue Rebecca Gorman, who married first Charles 
Allen of or near Clonakilty County Cork by whom she 
has issue, and secondly Edward Warner of Kilgarirf 
County Cork by whom she has also issue. 

Jane Eveleigh, fourth daughter of Dean John Eveleigh 
and Mildred Coldwell, by Colonel Frederick Mullens of 
" Burnham," so called from the place of his nativity in 

58 The Blenncrhassctt Pedigree. 

England but by the Irish called " Ballingolin," near 
Dingle, had issue three sons viz : Frederick, Richard 
and Edward Mullens and four daughters Anne, Martha, 
Mildred and Frances. Edward and Frances Mullens 
married but had no issue. Frederick, eldest son of 
Colonel Frederick Mullens and Jane Eveleigh, married 
Martha Blennerhassett and left by her issue two sons viz : 
William and Frederick and one daughter by name Jane. 
William Mullens, first of these two sons, married Mary 
Rowan and has issue as mentioned at p. 39. Frederick 
Mullens, second son of Frederick and Martha, married 
and has issue. Jane Mullens, only daughter of Frede- 
rick and Martha, married Peter Ferriter and has issue. 
And said Martha, widow of Frederick Mullens, by her 
second husband Henry Parr of Tralee (mentioned at 
page 57) has issue two daughters, anno 1773, viz: 
Theodora and Anne Parr. Richard Mullens, second son 
of Colonel Frederick and Jane Eveleigh, a Major in the 
army of Queen Anne married * * * * of Winchester 
and left issue one daughter Jane Mullens who married 
* * * * Clark, a lawyer, by whom she has issue. Anne 
Mullens, eldest daughter of Colonel Frederick Mullens 
and Jane Eveleigh, married Whittall Brown of Ballyvan- 
nig Esq. and left issue two sons viz : Edward and 
Frederick and three daughters Jane, Mildred and Try- 
phena. Edward Brown, eldest son of Whittall and 
Anne, married Maty daughter of Jasper Morris Esq. by 
Margaret Bateman and has no issue as vet. Frederick 
Brown, second son of Whittall and Anne, married and 
has issue. Mildred Brown, second daughter of Whittall 
and Anne, married and has issue. Tryphena Brown, third 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 59 

daughter, married Francis Tallis Esq. several times Sove- 
reign of Dingle and by him has issue. Martha Mullens, 
second daughter of Colonel Frederick Mullens and Jane 
Eveleigh, married William Collis son of John Collis and 
Elizabeth Cook mentioned at page 56 and left issue, 
William Collis, Rector of Tralee and other Parishes and 
Vicar General of the Diocese of Ardfert, who married 
Isabella Galway. Mildred Mullens, third daughter of 
Colonel Frederick Mullens and Jane Eveleigh, married 
William Sealy of Cork and left issue Samuel Sealy who 
married Alice Babington. 

Elizabeth Eveleigh, fifth daughter of Dean Eveleigh 
and Mildred Coldwell, married Alderman John Sealy, 
Mayor of Cork about 1698, and had -no issue. Her 
husband left his estate to the above mentioned Samuel 
Sealy his grand nephew. 

Thomas Blennerhassett Esq. of Littur, (third son of 
John by Martha Lyn as mentioned in p. 1,) married 
Ellen Stoughton, daughter of Anthony Stoughton Esq. of 
Rat tow by Dame Honora O'Bryen, who was one of the 
daughters of Dermot, Lord Baron Inchiquin, and left 
issue six daughters, viz : Martha, Honor, Ellen, Elizabeth, 
Margaret and Mary Blennerhassett. Martha, eldest of 
these daughters, by Frederick Mullens her first husband 
has issue as mentioned at p. 58, and also by her second 
husband Henry Parr the two daughters there mentioned. 
Honor, second daughter of Thomas Blennerhassett and 
Ellen Stoughton, married Joseph Morris of Urly and 
left issue four daughters, viz : Honora married to Valen- 

6o The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

tine Elliott Esq. by whom she has issue. Ellen Morris 
married to Michael Madden by whom she has issue. Jane 
Morris married * * * * Mason. Ellen Blennerhassett, 
third daughter of Thomas Blennerhassett and Ellen 
Stoughton, married Charles Wrenn Esq. (son of Captain 
Thomas Wrenn and Mary Blennerhassett hereinafter 
mentioned) and left issue three sons John, "William and 
Thomas Wrenn and four daughters Ellen, Martha, Mary 
and Margaret Wrenn. John Wrenn of Littur Esq., first 
son of Charles Wrenn and Ellen Blennerhassett, married 
Honora Ponsonby, daughter of Thomas Ponsonby Esq., 
and has issue, anno 1733, tw0 sons vlz '■ Thomas and 
Ponsonby and six daughters, Ellen, Susanna, Mary 
Anne, Martha, Rose and Jane. Ellen first of these 
daughters married Henry Distar of Rossmanahir, county 
Clare, and died without issue. Mary Wrenn, third 
daughter of Charles and Ellen, married John Edmonds 
of Ashdee in the county Kern- and by him has issue, 
anno 1 734. Margaret Wrenn, fourth daughter of said 
Charles and Ellen, married Robert Giles, son of John 
Giles and Ellen Kennedy of Castle Drum, and by him 
has issue. 

Elizabeth Blennerhassett, fourth daughter of Thomas 
Blennerhassett of Littur and Ellen Stoughton, by Captain 
Arthur O'Lavery of Moyea in the county Down, had 
issue three sons, viz : Eugene, Arthur, Charles and four 
daughters Ellen, Elizabeth, Honora and Martha O'Lavery. 
Eugene O'Lavery, eldest of these three sons, married 
Elizabeth Blennerhassett the fourth daughter of Robert 
Blennerhassett and Alice Osborne mentioned at page 
38. He was an eminent attorney at law and died, anno 

The Blcnncrhassett Pedigree. -6i 


1733, to the great loss and grief of his family and his 
relations mentioned in these collections. He left issue 
by said Elizabeth Blennerhassett one daughter by name 
Alice dead (and a son born since his decease and called 
Eugene.) Arthur O'Lavery, second son of Elizabeth 
Blennerhassett and Captain Arthur O'Lavery, a hopefull 
young man died, anno 1733, soon after his brother Eugene, 
unmarried. Ellen O'Lavery, first daughter of said 
Captain Arthur O'Lavery and Elizabeth, married Samuel 
Raymond of Ballyloughran Esq. by whom she has issue, 
anno 1733, three sons viz : Samuel, Arthur and Anthony 
and three daughters Mary, Ellen and Eugenia. Martha 
O'Lavery, fourth daughter of Captain Arthur and Eliza- 
beth, married (illegible) Raymond, and by him has issue 
Samuel, Arthur, and a daughter Elizabeth. 

Margaret, fifth daughter of Thomas Blennerhassett 
and Ellen Stoughton, by Launcelot Glanville has issue 
one son Nicholas, and three daughters Mary, Ellen and 
Martha Glanville. Nicholas Glanville married * * * * 
Mary Glanville, eldest daughter of Launcelot and 
Margaret married William Harnett of Ballyhenry by 
whom she has issue, two sons viz : Lancelot and William 
Harnett. Ellen Glanville, second daughter of Margaret 
and Lancelot, married Alexander Elliott of Dowhill 
in the county Lymerick and has issue, anno 1733, two 
sons viz : Thomas Blennerhassett and Alexander Elliott 
and one daughter Margaret Elliott. 

Mary Blennerhassett, sixth daughter of Thomas 
Blennerhassett and Ellen Stoughton, married John 
Sandes and has issue three sons viz : Thomas, Henry 
and John and three daughters Susanna, Ellen and 

62 The Blcnncrhassctt Pedigree. 


Martha Sandes. Thomas Sandes, eldest of these three 
sons, married Bridget Fitzgerald daughter of Maurice the 
late Knight of Kerry and Elizabeth Crosbie by whom he 
has issue, anno 1734, one daughter Elizabeth and a son 
by name William, born October 1 736. Susanna Sandes, 
eldest daughter of John Sandes and Mary Blennerhassett 
above mentioned, married first, Mr. Thomas Connor, 
clerk, son of Archdeacon Connor and has issue, anno 
1732, two sons viz: John and Henry Connor and six 
daughters Maty, Elizabeth, Anne, Ellen, Susanna and 
Jane, [and on 29th January 1735, a daughter Dorothy 
Connor, to whom I am godfather.) Ellen Sandes, 
second daughter of Mary and John, married Zacharias 
Johnson of Carrunas upon the Shannon and has issue 
two sons John and Zacharias and two daughters Sarah 
and Rachel, {and another son called Thomas.) Mary 
Blennerhassett, first daughter of John .Blennerhassett and 
Martha Lyn mentioned at page 1, manied Captain 
Thomas Wrenn by whom she left issue a son Charles 
Wrenn who married Ellen Blennerhassett as mentioned 
at page 60 and a daughter Martha Wrenn who married 
William Fitzgerald of Bromore, by whom she left issue, 
anno J 733, a son by name Henry. He married Honora 
Fitzgerald the late Knight of Glin's daughter and by her 
hath issue, anno 1733, a son. Henry and a daughter 
Martha Fitzgerald. 

Alice Blennerhassett, second daughter of John and 
Martha Lyn mentioned in p. 1, married Edmund Con- 
way of Cloghane, son of Captain James Conway and 
Elizabeth Roe, who was daughter and sole heiress of 
Edmund Roe and Alice Conway mentioned at p. 50, 

The Bknnerhassett Pedigree. 63 

by which Edmund Conway she left issue living, anno 
1733, James Conway of Cloghane, who at or before 
the Revolution of 16SS married Catherine Fitzgerald, 
daughter of Patrick Fitzgerald, (one of the sons of the 
Knight of Kerry) by his wife Thomasine Spring. James 
Conway and Catherine Fitzgerald had one daughter 
Alice who in the reign of Queen Anne married Colonel 
John Colthurst of Ballyhaly, near Cork, by whom she 
left issue three sons viz : John, James, and Nicholas and 
two daughters Llonora and Elizabeth Colthurst. And 
the said James Conway is married secondly to a lady of 
great merit, by name Honora Piers, daughter of Sir 
William Piers of Trystenagh in the County Westmeath, 
by Dame Honora Fitzmaurice, daughter of "William 
twentieth Lord Kerry, and by her has no issue. The 
said James Conway's descent is as followeth : — 

Christopher Conway, a nephew of Lord Conway of 
Killultagh in Ulster, was before the year 1641 possessed 
of the estates of Lazy Hill and Raghmines near Dublin 
and married one of the daughters of Sir James Ware, 
Auditor General in the reign of James the First, by 
whom he had the above mentioned James Conway who 
before or soon after the Restoration came to Kerry and 
married Elizabeth Roe the heiress before mentioned. 

Lucy Blennerhassett, third daughter of John Plenner- 
hassett and Martha Lyn mentioned at page 1, married 
Lieutenant John Walker an officer employed in the re- 
duction of Ireland in 1641 and had issue one daughter, 
by name Martha Walker. This Martha Walker about 
the year 1CS0 was married to Thomas Shiercliflfe of Cas- 
tle Gregory and died 16S3, leaving two daughters Alice 

64 The Blerinerhassett Pedigree. 

and Martha ShierclitTe. Alice, first of these two daugh- 
ters, married Edward Rice by whom she left four daugh- 
ters, Christiana, Alice, Mary and Martha Rice. Martha, 
second daughter of Thomas ShierclitTe and Martha 
Walker, in right of her uncle is possessed of her grand- 
father's estate near Moyalla county Cork. 

My Relationship with Denny, of Tralee, besides the Affinity 
created by my uncle John Blenncrhasseit (mentioned 
in p. i ) and by John with Jane Denny (mentioned 
in p. 2) is thus : — 

Sir Antony Forrest had two daughters, viz : Elizabeth 
and Mary Forrest. Elizabeth married Arthur Denny 
Esq. (mentioned in the first page as an Undertaker in 
Desmond) who was father of Sir Edward Denny, who 
was father of Sir Arthur Denny, and of Elizabeth Denny 
married, as before mentioned, to John Blennerhassett. 
And the last-mentioned Sir Arthur Denny was the father 
of the late Colonel Edward Denny and of Ellen Denny 
who married William Carrique, of Glandine. Colonel 
Edward Denny had a son Edward, who by the Lady 
Letitia Coningsby left issue the present Colonel Arthur 
Denny, married to Lady Arabella Fitzmaurice and two 
other sons Thomas and Barry Denny. Mary Forrest, 
second daughter of Sir Antony Forrest and sister of the 
wife of Arthur Denny, married William Lyn, of * * * * 
within twenty miles of London and had a son George 
Lyn and a daughter by name Martha, who was married 
to the first John Blennerhassett as before mentioned. 
And the said George Lyn had one other brother, or a 
cousin german, bv name Andrew Lyn who in the latter 

The Bletinerhassett Pedigree. 65 

end of Queen Elizabeth's or the beginning of James the 
First's reign came to Ireland and settled at Ballinamona 
near the city of Waterford ; which Andrew Lyn married 

* * * * anc j nac i i ssue one S on called Robert and three 
daughters viz : Anne, Cristabel, and Mary Lyn. Robert 
proving an ill Manager, and his father despairing of any 
good to come to his Posterity through him, married his 
eldest daughter Anne Lyn to Robert Carew, of Bally- 
boro' in the County of Wexford, an ingenious and accom- 
plished gentleman on whom said Andrew Lyn settled 
his estate. And said Anne Lyn by Robert Carew left 
issue three sons and five daughters. The sons are Robert, 
Peter and Lyn Carew, the daughters are Cristabel, 
Juliana, Mary, Alicia and Elizabeth Carew. 

Robert Carew, eldest son of Robert and Anne, married 

* * * * Chaplain of Wexford and has issue, anno 
1735, three sons Robert, Chaplain and Thomas Carew 
and a daughter. Peter Carew second son of said Robert 
and Anne is married and has issue. Lyn Carew third 
son of Robert and Anne is also married to * * * * 
Palmer and has issue Robert Carew of Waterford. 
Cristabel, eldest daughter of Robert and Anne Carew, 
married William Freeman Esq. of Castle Corr in the 
coun'.y of Cork and by him she now has issue, anno 1733, 
a son named William and three daughters Mary, Cristabel 
and Catherine Freeman. William Freeman, only son of 
William and Cristabel, by her husband William Gabbet of 
Carline in the County Lymerick Esq. has issue. Crista- 
bel, second daughter of William Freeman and Cristabel 
Carew, married herself to Mr. Joseph Collins and by him 
has issue. Catherine Freeman, third daughter of Crista- 

66 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 


bel Carewand William Freeman, married William Philpott 
of Newmarket County Cork and has issue, Juliana Carew, 
second daughter of Robert Carew and Anne Lyn, married 
first * * * * Otway Esq. and had by him issue. 
She married secondly John Armstrong of Ferrybridge, by 
whom she had issue and thirdly Thomas Wray of Kill 
* * * * , by whom she has issue. Mary Carew, 
third daughter of Robert Carew and Anne Lyn, married 
Thomas Armstrong of * * * * in County Tippe- 
rary and has issue five sons and four daughters. Alicia 
Carew, fourth daughter of Robert and Anne, by her 
husband John Creed of * * * * in Lymerick has 
issue. Elizabeth Carew, fifth daughter of Robert and 
Anne, married. * * * * Snow of the County Kil- 
kenny, opposite to the city of Waterford and hath issue. 

Cristabel Lyn, second daughter of Andrew Lyn, by her 
husband William Dobbin of Ballinakill in the county of 
Waterford hath issue five sons and three daughters. The 
sons are Thomas, Andrew, Michael, Gilbert and Robert 
and the daughters are Cristabel. * * * * Mary 
Lyn third daughter of Andrew Lyn married Charles 
Hubbart of * ■ * * * in the county Waterford and 
lias issue. 

My Relationship to Blennerhassett of Dublin. > 

Sir John Blennerhassett, one of the Barons of his 
Majesty's Court of Exchequer in Ireland in the eleventh 
year of King James the First, (as appears by letters 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 67 

patent granted tojenkin Conway,) married * * * * 
and left issue only three daughters. The eldest of these 
three daughters married Henry . Monck of or near 
Stephen's Green, Dublin, by whom she had issue Henry 
Monck who by his wife Mrs. Jane Stanley left issue four 
sons and two daughters, the sons are George who by 
Mary Molesworth lefc one son Henry Stanley Monck, 
and two daughters one of whom married Robert Mason, 
the other married * * * * Butler. The daughters 
of Henry Monck and Jane Stanley are Rebecca and Jane. 
Rebecca, eldest of these two, married John Forester, 
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in the year 
1719, and by him left issue, one son by name Richard of 
Forest in the county Dublin, and two daughters Sarah 
and Elizabeth Forester and another daughter married to 
Major Richardson of Logarcurry in the county Armagh. 
Jane Blennerhassett, another daughter of Sir John Blen- 
nerhassett, married Henry Fernihy of Cavan Street, Dub- 
lin, by whom she had Captain Henry Fernihy, mine and 
Brother Thomas" kind and good natured friend and sup- 
plyer in May and June 1690, during our confinement in 
Dublin. And the said Captain Henry Fernihv married 
and left issue a son Philip, and a daughter Jane. Philip 
Fernihy the son married Mary sister of Mr. Justice Ward, 
and died a clergyman of the Church of England of good 
character at his seat in the county Kildare much lamented 
leaving issue. Jane, only daughter of the said Captain 
Henry Fernihy, married Colonel John Tichborne Gover- 
nor of Charlemont in 1736 and by him she lias issue one 
daughter Jane aged thirty. The said Sir John Blenner- 
hassett was the cousin german of Robert Blennerhassett 

68 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 


mentioned in first page as an Undertaker in Desmond. 
The relationship therefore stands thus : 

1. Sir John Blennerhassett I. Robert Blennerhassett 

2. Mrs. Fernihy 2. John Blennerhassett 

3. Captain II. fernihy 3. Robert Blennerhassett 

4. Mrs. Tichborne 4. John Blennerhassett tlic Writer 

My Relationship with Blennerhassett of Fermanagh. 

Henry Blennerhassett of Crevenish, alias Castle 
'Hassett near Inniskillen, (whose father was cousin 
german to Sir John Blennerhassett and to Robert men- 
tioned in first page) married Phoebe Hume daughter of 
Sir John Hume of Eaglehurst and left only two daughters. 
The eldest of these daughters married several times, and 
by her last husband John Cochrane Esq. she left issue 
living, anno 17 19, one son by name Henry aged then 
seven years and one daughter aged ten years whose name 
is Martha. The second daughter of Henry Blennerhassett 
and Dame Phoebe Hume was married to my dear friend 
Major Charles Bingham, killed at the battle of Aughrim, 
whom she did not long survive dejected for so great a 
loss. They left issue Henry Bingham of New Brook, in 
the County Mayo, within five miles of I3allinrobe. This 
Henry Bingham by his wife Dame Susanna Vesey, daugh- 
ter of his Grace the late Lord Archbishop of Tuam had 
issue, anno 1726, three sons viz : — John, Henry and 
Richard and six daughters Anne, Mary, Dorothy, Lau- 
rentia, Susannah and Sarah. Martha Cochrane, daughter 
of John Cochrane and * * * * Blennerhassett of 

The BlcnncrJiassctt Pedigree. 69 

Crevenish, married James Cochrane and had issue two 
daughters, Penelope married to Doctor Edmund Erwyn 
by whom she has issue James Erwyn living, anno 1 733, 
and Letitia married to Alderman Gilbert Squire of Lon- 
donderry by whom she has James and Edmond Squire 
and a daughter Deborah. 

My Relationship to the Dcscenda?its of Brorcn of Knock- 
munihy created by my mother Avis Conway is as 
f?//o7^s : — 

John Brown, commonly called the Master of Awney, 
son of Ulick Brown of Camus and Knockmunihy by 
Margery Madden, (which Margery before or after was 
married to Burgh of Dromkeen, called Tiema Labanagh, 
and by him had issue a son, the grandfather of Mr. 
William Burgh late Rector of Newcastle,) married Kathe- 
rine O'Ryan, daughter of Master Dermot O'Ryan of 
Sullaghode, County Tipperary, called Master from his 
being Master of the Rolls in Ireland and had no issue 
male, but ten daughters, of whom six were, Annabella, 
Joanna, Elizabeth, Margaret, Elinor and Katherine 
Brown. (/ do not know the names of the rest.) The above 
named Dermod O'Ryan had two other daughters Julian 
and Mary to be mentioned in their places hereafter. I 
therefore come to Annabella Brown, first daughter of 
John Brown and Katherine O'Ryan, who married first 
William Apsley of Lymerick by whom she had only two 
daughters viz : Mary and Joan Apsley. Mary Apsley 
tirst of these two daughters married Sir Thomas Brown 

'O The BlennerhassBtt Pedigree. 


of the Hospital, county Lymerick, son of Sir Nicholas 
Brown of Ross ancestor to the present Viscount Kenmare, 
anno 1733, and had issue two sons, viz: Sir John 
and Thomas Brown and five daughters viz : Thamasin, 
Annabel Anne, Mary and Alice Brown. Thomas, the 
second of these sons of Sir Thomas Brown and Mary 
Apsley, was shot by accident in a smith's forge. Sir 
John Brown, eldest son of said Sir Thomas and Mary, 
married Barbara Boyle daughter of John Boyle, Bishop 
of Cork, brother to the first Earl of Cork and by her had 
a son named Thomas who died unmarried, and one 
daughter named Elizabeth the only survivor of that 
family ; this Sir John Brown was killed in a duel in Lon- 
don by Sir * ■■'• * * Barnewall and his widow said Bar- 
bara married Sir Richard King. Elizabeth Brown his 
only daughter above mentioned married Captain Thomas 
Brown, (son of the first Sir Valentine Brown by his se- 
cond wife Juliana daughter of Cormac Mac Carthy, Lord 
Muskerry, by Margaret O'Brien daughter of Donogh, 
Earl of Thomond) and left issue only three daughters : 
viz : Ellen, Elizabeth and Celina Brown. Ellen Brown, 
eldest of these three and co-heiress of Hospital, by her 
husband Nicholas Brown, son to the second Sir Valentine 
Brown, (illegible) 1689 by King James the second created 
Lord Viscount Kenmare, who had married Jane daugh- 
ter and heiress of Sir Nicholas Plunket brother of the 
Earl of Fingal, left issue one son viz : Valentine the pre- 
sent Lord Kenmare. anno 1733, and four daughters viz : 
Jane, Elizabeth Margaret and Frances Brown. Valentine 
Brown, the present Lord Kenmare, by Honora daughter 
of the Hon. Thomas Butler of Kilcash in county Tip- 

The Bknnerkassctt Pedigree. 71 

pemry (grandson of Richard Butler, only brother of James 
first Duke of Ormond,) and his wife Margaret Viscountess 
Iveagh, daughter of William Bourke Earl of Clanrickard, 
has issue, anno 1733, a son Valentine and a daughter 
Helen Brown. Jane Brown eldest daughter of Nicholas 
and Ellen above mentioned married John Asgil Esq. and 
died without issue. Elizabeth Brown, second daughter of 
Ellen and Nicholas, married William Weldon of Knock 
in county Meath, and by him has issue, anno 1734. 
Margaret Brown, third daughter of said Ellen and Nicho- 
las is a nun in Ghent. Frances Brown, fourth daughter 
of Nicholas and Ellen, married Edward Herbert of Kil- 
cow in county Kerry and by him has issue, anno 1733, 
three sons Thomas, Edward and Nicholas and five 
daughters viz : Agnes, Helen, Frances, Elizabeth, Ara- 
bella and Thamasin Herbert. 

Annabel, eldest or second daughter of Sir Thomas 
Brown and Mary Apsley, married James Gould, son of 
Mr. Justice Gould proprietor of Ballybricken in county 
Lymerick, and had issue, Mary Gould who about the 
time of the Piestoration married Sir George Ingoldsby 
and by him had issue two sons viz : Richard and Francis 
and four daughters viz : Mary, Annabel Anne, and. 
Barbara Ingoldsby. Richard Ingoldsby (eldest son of 
Sir George and Mary Gould) was a Lieutenant-General 
of her late Majesty Queen Anne's forces in Ireland and 
Ford Justice. He married Frances, daughter of Colonel 
James Naper of Fough Crew in the county Meath, and 
left issue" only one son Henry who married Catherine 
daughter of Sir Constantme Phipps, Ford High Chan- 
cellor in the reign of Queen Anne, and by her had issue 

72 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

two daughters Catherine and Frances Ingoldsby. Francis 
Ingoldsby second son of Sir George and Mary died 
unmarried. Mary Ingoldsby, eldest daughter of Sir 
George and Mary, married Simon Purdon of Tinnerana 
in Clare and left issue none. Annabel Ingoldsby, second 
daughter of Sir George and Mary, by her husband 
Cornet Buckworth of Ballycomisk in county Tipperary 
had issue two daughters viz : Sarah and Mary Buckworth. 
Sarah Buckworth married Henry Russell Esq. in county 
Tipperary, and has issue, anno 1735, two daughters 
Annabel and Mary Russell. Annabel Russell married 
Thomas Royse Esq. of Xantenan in county Lymerick. 
Mary Russell is unmarried anno 1736. Mary Buckworth, 
second daughter of Annabel Ingoldsby and Cornet 
Buckworth, married Rice Blennerhassett of Riddelstown 
mentioned in p. 37. {and left no issue). Anne Ingoldsby, 
third daughter of Sir George Ingoldsby and Mary Gould, 
married Captain Richard Pope of Derryknockane and 
by him left issue only two daughters, viz : Mary and 
Frances Pope. Mary Pope, first daughter, married 
Arthur Blennerhassett as mentioned at p. 38, and Frances 
Pope second daughter married David Bindon of * * * * 
in Clare and by him has issue. Barbara Ingoldsby, 
fourth daughter of Sir George Ingoldsby by Mary Gould 
married * * * * Smith Esq. the late Lord Bishop of 
(illegible) son and has issue, anno 1735, one son named 
Ralph. Anne Brown, third daughter, Mary Brown 
fourth daughter and Alice Brown fifth daughter of Sir 
Thomas Brown and Mary Apsley were also married to 
gentlemen of whom I have no account. Elizabeth, 
second daughter of Captain Thomas Brown of Hospital and 

The BknnerkasscU Pcdiorce. 73 


Elizabeth his wife, mentioned in p. 70, married Melchior 
Levallin Esq. of Waterstown county Cork. Celina Brown, 
third daughter of said Captain Thomas and Elizabeth, 
married Colonel John White of Rhagowran, county 
Lymerick, by whom she had issue two sons viz : Boyle 
White married to Margaret Burke and died without issue, 
and John White and four daughters viz : Ellen, Elizabeth, 
Jane and Priscilla White. John White on the death of 
his brother without issue succeeded and married Ellen 
Fitzgerald daughter to the late Knight of Glyn. Joan 
Apsley, second daughter and co-heiress of William 
Apsley and Annabella Brown, married Sir Richard Boyle, 
first Earl of Corke, by whom he had a considerable 
fortune and one child of which she died and the child lived 
not long after. 

Annabella Brown, eldest daughter of John Brown and 
Katherine O Ryan mentioned at p. 69, on the death of 
her first husband William Apsley married secondly Cap- 
tain Thomas Spring, the first settler of his name in Kerry, 
and had issue two sons, Walter and Thomas, and five 
daughters Elizabeth, Frances, Susanna, Alice and 
Annabella Spring. Walter Spring, eldest son of Captain 
Thomas and Annabella, married Mary Crosbie daughter 
of Patrick Crosbie, Bishop John Crosbie's brother, and 
sister of Sir Pierce Crosbie and had issue one son P2dward 
Spring, and two daughters Katherine and Annabella 
Spring. Edward Spring, only son of Walter and Mary, 
married Anne Brown, (daughter of Sir Nicholas Brown 
and Julia O'Sullivan the daughter of O'Sullivan Bear) and 
had issue by her " Walter the Unfortunate" and one 
daughter named Thamasine. Walter Spring called " the 

74 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

Unforiiuiate"' from the large estates he forfeited in 1641, 
married Julian Fitzgerald of Ennismore and they left 
issue two children Thomas and Mary Spring.* Thama- 
sine Spring, only daughter of Edward by Anne Brown, 
married Patrick Fitzgerald of Gallerus, the fifth son of 
John, Knight of Kerry, and had issue one son named 
John and three daughters viz : Catherine married to 
James Conway, Anne married to Thomas Conway cousin- 
merman of said James, and Lucy married' to Richard 
Ferriter near Dingle. 

Thomas Spring, the second son of Captain Thomas 
Spring and Annabella Brown, was commissioned a Cap- 
tain to command a company at Castlemagne by Sir 
William St. Leger, Lord President of Munster, and the 
Earl of Inchiquin, as appears by their letters and commis- 
sions now in the hands of his son. He married Margaret 
Fenn and left issue three sons viz : Thomas (mentioned 
ante p. 48), Walter {ante p. 49) and Edward who married 
Katherine Flussey. Katherine Spring, eldest daughter of 
Walter Spring and Mary Crosbie, married first Nicholas 
Brown of Coolcleave and afterwards Daniel Oge Maol 
Mac Carthy of Dunguile. Annabel Spring, second 
daughter of Walter and Mary Crosbie, married Colonel 
Henry Black well and after the end of the rebellion of 
1 64 1 went with him to France. Elizabeth Spring, eldest 
daughter of Captain Thomas Spring and Annabel Brown, 
married Captain James Delahoyde of : ' : * * * and had 
issue three sons, viz : George Manfred and John and 
two daughters viz : Elinor and Katherine Delahoyde. 
Elinor Delahoyde eldest of these daughters married * * :;: ::: 
* V. Genealogical Note on the Spring family, Appendix. 

• The Blennerlieissett Pedigree. 75 

Hurly of * * * * in county Lymerick and had issue by 
him a daughter married to * * * * Dwyer of * * * * 
Katherine Delahoyde, second daughter of Captain James 
Delahoyde and Elizabeth Spring, was married to Captain 
Daniel O' Donovan, but in the late war of 16S8 Lieutenant- 
Colonel O'Donovan, by whom she left issue Captain 
Morgan O'Donovan of Glandore in Carberry (or his 
father) aged in 1732 about fifty years. 

Frances Spring, second daughter of the first Captain 
Thomas Spring and Annabel Brown or Apsley, married 
Meyler Hussey of Castle Gregory and had issue two 
sons viz : Nicholas and Walter and two daughters named 
Annabel and Ellen Hussey. Nicholas Hussey, eldest 
son of Meyler Hussey and Frances Spring, was killed 
unmarried and Walter Hussey their second son succeeded. 
He married Katherine Fitzgerald of Kilmurry and had 
issue three sons Nicholas, John, and Robert, and two 
daughters viz : Katherine and Frances Hussey. Nicholas 
Hussev, eldest son of Walter Hussey of Castle Gregory 
and Katherine Fitzgerald of Kilmurry, married Mabel 
Brown, daughter of Nicholas Brown of Colcleave by 
Katherine Spring aunt of ,; Walter the Unfortunate" and 
by her has several children, anno 1733. Katherine 
Hussey, eldest daughter of Walter Hussey of Castle 
Gregory and Katherine Fitzgerald of Kilmurry, married 
her cousin Oliver Hussey of Rha and had issue, two 
sons Edmund and "Walter Hussey and one daughter 
Katherine Hussey married to Edward Spring before 
mentioned, by whom she left issue two sons and two 
daughters. The eldest son's name is John. Frances 
Hussev, second daughter of Walter Flus^ev of Castle 

7 6 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

Gregory and Katherine Fitzgerald of Kilmurry, married 
Thomas Hickson of Gowlane and left issue one son 
named Richard, married to Martha daughter of Captain 
Theobald Magee, by whom said Richard Hickson has 
issue, anno 1734, two sons Theobald and George and 
two daughters. The above mentioned Walter Hussey of 
Castle Gregory married to Katherine Fitzgerald of Kil- 
murry, was the proprietor of Castle Gregory, the Ma- 
gharees and Ballybeggan before 1641, when having a great 
party under his command he made a garrison of his own 
Castle, and being pressed hard by Cromwell's army he 
escaped thence in the night with all his men and got 
into Minard Castle, where he was besieged by Colonels 
Le Hunte and Sadlier. After some time was spent the 
English observed that the besieged made use of pewter 
bullets, whereon powder was laid under the vaults of the 
Castle, which was blown up with Hussey and his men. 

Frances Spring, second daughter of the first Captain 
Thomas Spring and Annabel Brown, after the death of 
her husband Meyler Hussey, married secondly Marcus 
Mc Grath of Kill * * * * in Tipperary, Baron of Clan- 
william, one of the sons of Myler Mc Grath, Archbishop 
of Cashell, and by him left issue a son Thomas McGrath 
who by Honora Walsh, daughter of Colonel John Walsh 
of Abbeyowney, left issue a son James Mc Grath. And 
said James Mc Grath by Katherine Grady of Kilfrush 
near Hospital left issue two sons, viz : James and Thomas, 
and four daughters viz : Annabella, Honora Sabina and 
Mary McGrath. James McGrath married Mary Pren- 
dergast and has issue two sons viz : Thomas and 
James, and three daughters viz : Katherine, Ellen and 

The Blcnncrhassett Pedigree. 77 

Annabella living in 1733. Annabella Mc Grath eldest 
daughter of James Mc Grath and Katherine Grady, by- 
Roger Mc Grath in the County Clare left no issue. Ho- 
nora Mc Grath, second daughter of said James and 
Katherine, married David Barry of Mungerett near 
Lymerick and has issue. Sabina Mc Grath, third daugh- 
ter of said James and Katherine, married Edmund Barry 
of Carra (illegible) in Lymerick and has issue. Mary 
Mc Grath, fourth daughter of James and Katherine died 

without issue. 

Susanna Spring, third daughter of Captain Thomas 
Spring and Annabella Brown, married * * * * Tra- 
verse of Killfallyny in the County of Kerry, uncle or 
cousin german to Sir Robert Traverse, and had issue 
nine sons and two daughters, the sons were — John, 
Mark, Nicholas, Thomas, Alexander, William, Arthur, 
Bryan and Walter, the daughters were Annabella and 
Alice. All these sons lived to be men and bred gentle- 
men, but 'tis not known that any of them were marry 'd 
except Nicholas and Walter. Nicholas was a Captain in 
the Army and governor of Portsmouth in the latter end 
of Charles the Second's reign, and Walter was married 
and left a daughter Annabel! Traverse, married to 

* * * * Burke of * * * * in Lymerick. Annabella 
Traverse, eldest daughter of * * * * Traverse by 
Susanna Spring, married Captain John Downing in the 
County Cork or Waterfortl and had issue, two sons, 
viz: Robert Downing a Major in Holland, and John 
Downing a Captain in King Charles the Second's Gawds, 
and also two daughters one of whom married Rev. 

* * * * Brook, a clergyman in Westraeath. And the 

78 The Blcnyicrhassett Pedigree. 

above mentioned Sir Robert Traverse had with other 
children a daughter (his eldest) named Martha, who mar- 
ried first Captain Stannard by whom she had issue Robert 
and Elizabeth Stannard. Robert Stannard married Jane 
daughter of * * * * Hedges of * * * * in county 
* * * * and left issue three sons viz : George, Eaton 
and Robert Stannard and * * * * daughters. And the 
said Martha Traverse by her second husband, Sir Richard 
Aldworth left issue, a son named Boyle, a young man of 
great merit unhappily lost at sea going to England, and a 
daughter named Man*. Boyle Aldworth Esq. had mar- 
ried * * * * daughter of * * * * Cullyford Esq. one of 
the Commissioners of the Revenue, and left issue one 
son viz : Richard and daughters. Richard Aldworth, 
son of said Boyle married * * * * St. Leger daughter to 
the Rt Honble. Arthur Viscount Doneraile and hath 

issue, anno 1734- 

Alice Spring, fourth daughter of Annabel Brown and 
Captain Thomas Spring, mentioned in p. 73 married 
Colonel James Ryeves of Carrignafeely in the County 
Kerry, (son to Sir Robert Ryeves and Dame Dorothy 
Touchet one of the daughters of John Touchet Baron 
Audley father of the first Earl of Castlehaven) and had 
issue four sons, viz : James, John. William and Gerrard 
and five daughters viz : Annabella, Jane, Anne, Katherine 
and Elizabeth Ryeves. No account of James and 
William first and third of these sons, I therefore come 
to John Ryeves, the second son, who by *■ * * * 
Warters sister to Gamaliel Waiters of Cullen had issue 
three sons viz : William, James and John and one daugh- 
ter named Annabel. These three sons of John Ryeves 

The Blcnncrliassett Pedigree. 79 

and * * * * Warters died without issue, and William, 
the eldest of them, being possessed of a handsome 
Estate in Carrignafeely and having no issue by a barren 
wife and misled by infatuation to the injury of his only 
sister, survivor of his family, and her issue the Wilsons 
of Caherconlish in the County Lymerick, sold the Estate 
to his brother-in-law Patrick Crosbie Esq. Gerrard, 
fourth son of Colonel James Ryeves and Alice Spring. 
by Joan, daughter of Colonel David Crosbie, had issue 
one son named Thomas who left this kingdom after the 
Surrender of Lymerick and died beyond seas, and three 
daughters viz : Alice, Katherine and Elizabeth. Alice 
first of these three daughters of Gerrard Ryeves and 
Joan Crosbie married Dr. William Carrigg of Colomines 
in county Clare and left issue Garrett Carrigg married to 
Martha Gilburn of Granacurra in county Lymerick, by 
whom she has issue a son Robert, and a daughter named 
Mary Carrigg married to Daniel Finucane of Ailrue in 
county Clare. Catherine Ryeves, second daughter of 
Gerrard Ryeves and Joan Crosbie, married Frances 
Brudenell of * * * * in the county Lymerick by whom 
she left issue none. Elizabeth Ryeves, third daughter 
of Gerrard Ryeves and Joan Crosbie. married Walter 
Langdon son of Walter Langdon and Catherine Hick- 
son. The last mentioned Walter was son of Nathaniel 
Langdon, Dean of Ardfert before 1641, by Margaret 
Lucas of the Isle of Man, who was cousin german to my 
Grandmother Martha Lvn they being sisters' children. 
And the said Elizabeth Ryeves by her husband Walter 
Langdon of Dingle, anno 1734, has issue two sons viz : 
Thomas and Nathaniel. Thomas Langdon, first of these 

80 The Blenncrhasscit Pedigree. 

two sons, married Anne Paine and has issue three sons 
viz : John, Nathaniel and William and two daughters 
viz : Elizabeth and Mildred Langdon. Nathaniel 
Langdon, second son of Walter and Elizabeth, married 
Margaret Goedhaire and has issue one son by name 
Solomon and a daughter by name Elizabeth. 

Annabel Ryeves, first daughter of Colonel James 
Ryeves and Alice Spring, by Garret Fitzgerald of Bally- 
nard in Lymerick had issue six sons viz : John, Garret, 
James, Alexander, Edward, Thomas and two daughters 
viz : Mar}- and Ellen Fitzgerald. John Fitzgerald the 
eldest of these six sons, afterwards a Colonel in the 
Army, married Barbara daughter of John Boyle, Bishop 
of Cork and widow of Sir John Brown mentioned at 
page 70, and died without issue by her, whereupon 
Garret Fitzgerald second son of Garret and Annabella 
succeeded to the family Estate. By his first wife an 
English lady he had issue, one son named William, a 
gentleman of weak capacity who however married, and 
by his wife Sabina Weekes had issue two sons named 
Gerrard and John, and one daughter by name Annabel 
Fitzgerald. She married Captain Thomas Fitzgerald by 
whom she had issue one daughter who is married, anno 
j 735, to Alexander Butler. And said Garret Fitzgerald 
second son of Garret and Annabell married secondly, 
Margaret Warters and left issue two sons, viz : Gamaliel 
and James and two daughters Mary and Margaret Fitz- 
gerald. Gamaliel Fitzgerald, eldest of these two sons, 
by his wife Susanna Raines has only two daughters viz : 
Margaret and Elizabeth. Margaret the eldest married 
Harman Fitzmaurice, only son of Captain James Fitz- 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 8 1 

maurice brother to the Earl of Kerry, and by him left 
issue one son, anno 1735, James Fitzmaurice. James, 
second son of Garret Fitzgerald and Margaret Waiters, 
by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Captain George 
Gregory of Newtown in the county Lymerick, left issue 
four sons, viz : Garret, George, Gregory, Robert and one 
daughter Elizabeth Fitzgerald. Mary Fitzgerald, eldest 
daughter of Garret and Margaret, married John Fitz- 
gerald eldest son of her uncle John Fitzgerald of Kilduff 
and by him has issue. Margaret, second daughter of Garret 
Fitzgerald and Margaret Warters, married Quarter- Master 
Smith. James Fitzgerald, third son of Garret Fitzgerald 
and Annabella Ryeves, was an able lawyer. By his wife 
Anne Porter he left issue two daughters only viz : Anna- 
bell and Anne Fitzgerald. Annabell Fitzgerald the 
eldest of these two married Colonel Ulick now, anno 
1734, Count Ulick Brown, in the service of the Emperor 
of Germany, and by said Count Brown had issue Ulick, 
now Count Brown, and two daughters viz: Barbara 
married to Colonel Xoland and Mary married to a Ger- 
man noble. Anne Fitzgerald, second of the two daugh- 
ters of James Fitzgerald and Anne Porter not yet 
married. (She died anno 17 35.) Alexander and Edward 
Fitzgerald fourth and fifth sons of Garret and Annabella 
Fitzgerald both died unmarried. Thomas Fitzgerald 
sixth son of Garret Fitzgerald and Annabell Ryeves, 
married his cousin Anne Butler of Ballynahenshy and 
had issue six sons and three daughters. The sons were 
John. Garret. William, James, Alexander, and Richard, 
the daughters Jane, Annabell and Mary Fitzgerald. 
John Fitzgerald, eldest of these six sons of Thomas 


82 The Blennerhassctt Pedigree. 


Fitzgerald and Anne Butler, married Mary Fitzgerald his 
cousin and by her had issue living, anno 1735, a daugh- 
ter married to Lieutenant Christopher (illegible) of Tip- 
perary and by him has issue two sons Samuel and 
Christopher. Garret Fitzgerald, second son of Thomas 
Fitzgerald and Anne Butler, married a daughter of John 
Shortall, Clk. and by her left issue two sons Shortall and 
Thomas Fitzgerald of Cullen and three daughters. Wil- 
liam Fitzgerald, third son of Thomas Fitzgerald and 
Anne Butler, married * * * - * O Brien of Pallice and 
left issue three sons viz : Thomas a Captain in the Prus- 
sian army, John, and George who married a daughter of 
Donat O'Brien and left issue. James Fitzgerald, fourth 
son of Thomas Fitzgerald and Anne Butler, married 
* * * * Lysaght and left issue one daughter. Alexander 
Fitzgerald, fifth son of Thomas Fitzgerald and Anne But- 
ler, married * * * * Barry of Johnstown and left no issue. 
Richard Fitzgerald, sixth son of said Thomas Fitzgerald 
and Anne Butler, married * * * * daughter of * % * * 
Blake near Cullen and left issue one son William and two 
daughters Alicia and Jane Fitzgerald. Jane Fitzgerald, 
first daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald and Anne Butler, 
married William Lloyd of Tuogh in county Lymerick, 
Clk. and by him left issue two sons, Thomas Lloyd, Clk. 
and Edward Lloyd of Eyon, county Lymerick. Annabell 
Fitzgerald, second daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald and 
Anne Butler, married Captain Jasper Grant of Kilmurry 
in the county Cork, and by him left issue two sons Jasper 
and Thomas Grant and two daughters Anne and Christi- 
ana Grant. Mary Fitzgerald, third daughter of Thomas 
Fitzgerald and Anne Butler, married Thomas Lloyd of 

The Bknnerhasscit Pedigree. 83 

Fuintarrefin county Lymerick, and by him left no issue, 
and she afterwards married Thomas Moore one of the 
Galway Prisoners and by him left issue, anno 1735, tnrce 
sons Roger of Ballinaclogh, John (abroad,) Southwell and 
two daughters Barbara and Catherine Moore. 

Mar> r Fitzgerald, first daughter of Garret Fitzgerald 
and Annabell Ryeves, married Captain Arthur Blenner- 
hassett and had issue by him as mentioned in p. 37. 
Ellen Fitzgerald, second daughter of Garret Fitzgerald 
and Annabell Ryeves, married Sir Ralph Wilson of Ca- 
hirconlish, county Lymerick, and by him had issue two 
sons Jonathan and David. Jonathan died unmarried in 
London, and David Wilson by his second wife Constance 
Mouncton of Ballylynny in county Lymerick had issue 
one son viz : Ralph, called Ralph a Bohur, from his place 
of abode and to distinguish him from his uncle Ralph 
Wilson, eldest son of Sir Ralph by his first wife. This 
Ellen Lady Wilson, alias Fitzgerald, was afterwards mar- 
ried to Sir Thomas Crosbie but had no issue by him. 
Annabell Ryeves, only daughter of John Ryeves and 
* * * * Warters of Cullen mentioned at p. 78, was mar- 
ried to Ralph Wilson Esq., son and heir of the before 
mentioned Sir Ralph Wilson by his first wife, and had 
issue four sons viz : Ralph, Jonathan, David killed at the 
Siege of Lille, and William the present Mayor of Lyme- 
rick anno 1734. Ralph Wilson, eldest son of the said 
Ralph Wilson and Annabell Ryeves, married Margaret 
Warters of Cullen and by her left issue two sons viz : 
Ralph and Edward Wilson and one daughter viz : 
Catherine married to Mr. Henry Honohan of Broghil. 
Jonathan Wilson, second son of Ralph and Annabell, 

84 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

married Jane daughter of Ambrose Upton, Esq. of Dub- 
lin and left issue Ambrose and Annabella Wilson. Ralph 
Wilson, first of the two sons of Ralph Wilson and Mar- 
garet Warters, married Thomasina Bowen of Kilbollane 
and has issue one son Ralph and one daughter Catherine. 
Jane Ryeves, second daughter of Colonel James Ryeves 
and Alice Spring, mentioned in p. ;S, married first 
Roger Carew of Lismore and had issue (at least) one 
son Roger, and a daughter named * * * * married 
to James Hendley of Ballyhendley, in the County Cork 
near the Funcheon river. And said Jane Ryeves by her 
second husband Captain Richard Butler of Ballyna- 
henshy, near Cashel, had issue one son viz : Captain 
James Butler a gentleman of great strength and courage 
and two daughters viz : Anne married to Thomas Fitz- 
gerald as mentioned in p. Si, and Ellen married to 
Mr. Daniel Cahill of Imokilly by whom she had issue a 
son, Charles Cahill, a Captain in the army. Captain 
James Butler, son of Richard Butler .of Ballynahenshy 
and Jane Ryeves, married Mrs. * * * * Grant and had 
issue by her three sons, Richard, James and Alexander 
and two daughters Ellen and Mary Butler. Richard 
Butler, eldest of these three sons of Captain James Butler 
and * * * * Grant, married * * "' * daughter of James 
Grace of Brittas in Tipperary and has issue two sons, 
viz: Richard going on thirteen years, anno 1729, 
John going on ten years, and four daughters viz : Eliza- 
beth going on fifteen years, Jane going on fourteen 
years, Margaret going on eleven years and Mary going on 
eight years. 

Anne Ryeves, third daughter of James Ryeves and 

The Blcnnerhassctt Pedigree. 85 

Alice Spring, married Turlogh O'Connor the proprietor 
of Ballingowan before 1641, and had issue one daughter, 
Alice O'Connor, a goodnatured well bred gentlewoman, 
who by her husband Captain Owen Mac Carthy of Lis- 
nagaun and Carnina Sliggagh in the County Kerry, left 
issue one son called Daniel and a daughter Anne Mac 
Carthy. Daniel, only son of Captain Daniel Mac Carthy 
and Alice O'Connor, married Winifred Mac Elligott and 
left issue with others a son by name Justin, well entitled 
to the estate of Lisnagaun if he do qualify himself by 
becoming a Protestant, by which means and no other he 
will recover his right, and defeat the secret management 
of Garret Barry of Dunasloon, father-in-law of Florence 
Mac Carthy, the said Justin's uncle. This youth will be 
lost in his pretensions to the estate if he do not become 
a Protestant, or be supported by the Lord Kenmare, 
whose ancestor Sir Nicholas Brown (by the name of 
Nicholas Brown gent.) did by a small Deed of Enfe- 
offment in Latin, grant the said estate to Captain 
Mac Carthy's ancestor named Connac Reagh, at two shil- 
lings per annum and suit and service. This Latin Deed 
of Enfeoffment I delivered, anno 171 7, to Mr. Francis 
Enraght, attorney, to serve upon a hearing of Captain 
Mac Carthy's cause and defence in the Exchequer where 
the titles of Mac Carthy (quae vide) are set forth. On 
the death of Alice O'Connor, Captain Owen Mac Carthy 
married secondly Margaret Lacy of Ballylaghlan, and 
left a son Florence of Lisnagaun above mentioned. 
Katharine Ryeves, fourth daughter of Tames Ryeves and 
Alice Spring, married as mentioned in p. 50, Edward 
Conway of Killorglin, son of Jenkin Conway and Avice 

86 TJic Blennerhassett Pedigree. 


Dalton, and had issue the two daughters and co-heiresses 
there mentioned viz : Alice Conway wife of Patrick 
Dowdall of Kippagh, and afterwards of Edmund Lacy 
of Rathcahill, and Avice Conway my mother mentioned 
in p. 42. Elizabeth Ryeves, fifth daughter of Colonel 
James Ryeves and Alice Spring, died unmarried. 

Annabell Spring, fifth daughter of Captain Thomas 
Spring and Annabell Brown, (mentioned in p. 73) was 
married to Luke Taafe uncle to the Earl of Carlingford 
and by him had issue one son, viz : Christopher Taafe, a 
Captain in the regiment of which Dominic Ferriter was 
Major in the time of Charles the Second's exile in Flan- 
ders, when and where some angry words happening 
between him and Ferriter the latter commanded two of 
Dr. Field's sons his kinsmen then in their company, to 
shoot Captain Taafe if he would not quit the place, which 
one of them accordingly did and there killed him. This 
Captain Taafe, son of Colonel Luke Taafe and Annabell 
Spring, married Fitzgerald of Ballysquiddane's daughter 
and left one son viz : Luke Taafe a Captain in the late 
war of r6S8, after which he went to France. He married 
Elizabeth Gunter of * * * * in the county * * * * 
and left one son viz : Abel Taafe living near Emly. 

Sir 'Robert Ryeves, (mentioned in p. 78) had three 
brothers all knights, viz : Sir William Ryeves Attorney- 
General before the rebellion of 1641, Sir Francis 
Ryeves of Rathsillagh near Ballymore Eustace, and 
Sir * * * * Ryeves ancestor of Sir Richard Ryeves, 
one of the Barons of Exchequer in the reign of William 
the Third of Glorious Memory. This account I 
had from ancient records and from one of the name 

The Blennerhassctt Pedigree. 87 

and family. The Pedigree of these knights is as fol- 
loweth : — 

Sir William Ryeves, the Attorney-General before 1641, 
by his wife Dorothy Bingley of Rathsillagh had issue, 
two sons viz : William and Charles Ryeves. William 
first son, by Dorothy, daughter of Sir Edward Bagshaw 
of Castle Bagshaw near Belturbet, had issue living, two 
sons William and Edward Ryeves. William Ryeves, 
eldest son of William and Dorothy, married Bridget 
daughter of Sir * * * * Bagshaw of London, and had 
issue three sons, viz : Thomas, Francis and Bagshaw 
Ryeves and three daughters viz: Prudence, Elizabeth 
and Catherine Ryeves, and on the death of Bridget 
Bagshaw said William Ryeves married Elinor Coffey of 
Lansillagh near Tullamore in the King's County, and 
had three sons George, Edward and Armstrong, and five 
daughters alive, anno. 1731, viz : Jane, Lucy, Mary, 
Juliana, and Elinor Ryeves. Jane, first of these five 
daughters, married Edwyn Sandes of Roscommon by 
whom she has issue. Lucy, second daughter of William 
Ryeves and Elinor Coffey Lansillagh, married William 
Rutlidge near Ferns, by whom she has issue. Mary 
third daughter of William Ryeves and Elinor Coffey, 
married John Bradish of Kilkenny by whom she has 
issue. Juliana fourth daughter of said William Ryeves 
and Elinor Coffey is also married. Elinor Ryeves fifth 
daughter of said William and Elinor married first Cap- 
tain Dudley Davis of Rahornan near Leighlin Bridge, 
and secondly Alexander Burrowes of Ardmore in the 
County of Kildare by whom she has no issue. 

Thomas Ryeves, eldest son of William Ryeves and his 

88 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

first Wife Bridget Bagshaw, married first Jane Burrowes 
and left issue by her four sons, viz : William, Alexander, 
Thomas and * * * * also one daughter Catharine 
Ryeves who married Colonel Robert Burton of the 
Battle Axe Guards, and Knight of the Shire for the 
County Carlow and by him she has had issue. William 
Ryeves eldest of the four sons of Thomas Ryeves and 
Jane Burrowes, married Elizabeth Burrowes and has 
issue, anno 1731, a son named Thomas. Alexander 
Ryeves, second son of Thomas Ryeves and Jane Bur- 
rowes, married * * * * Aspin of Dunlavin and has 
issue. Thomas Ryeves, third son of Thomas Ryeves 
and Jane Burrowes, is lately married in London and is a 
linen draper there. 

Prudence Ryeves, eldest daughter of William Ryeves 
and Bridget Bagshaw, married Doctor Lancaster and 
left issue Peter and Sophia Lancaster. Elizabeth 
Ryeves, second daughter of said William Ryeves and 
Bridget Bagshaw, married Cornet * * * * Goolin and 
left issue Catherine married to Edward Harris a minister 
of the gospel in Armagh. Catherine Ryeves, third 
daughter of said William and Bridget, married James 
Bradish of Kilkenny and has a son named William in 
the College, anno 173 J, and a daughter named Francis 

Charles Ryeves, second son of Sir William Ryeves 
and Dorothy Bingley, left issue three sons viz : Sir . 
Richard, Jerome, and George who died unmarried. Sir 
Richard Ryeves married the daughter of * * * * Savage, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, and left issue two sons 
Charles and William Ryeves. Charles, eldest of the 

The B tenner hassett Pedigree. 89 

two is now, anno 1731, heir of Freshford in Kilkenny 
and by his wife Penelope Price he has three daughters. 
William second son of Sir Richard Ryeves, married 

* * * * Clayton, daughter of Dean Clayton and sister 
to the Bishop of Killala and has issue. Jerome Ryeves, 
second son of Charles Ryeves and brother of Sir Richard, 
was married to * * * * Maude and by her left issue 
one daughter. This said Jerome Ryeves was Dean of 
St. Patrick's Dublin. Francis Ryeves, second son of 
William Ryeves and Bridget Bagshaw, married Elizabeth 
Breams of Kent and has issue one son named Walter. 
Bagshaw Ryeves, third son of William Ryeves and 
Bridget Bagshaw, married Priscilla Kirk of Leicester- 
shire and had issue one son Kirk Ryeves and one 
daughter Susanna. Bagshaw Ryeves married secondly 

* * * * anc j hath t h ree daughters viz : Elizabeth, Mary, 
and Katherine Ryeves. George Ryeves, eldest son of 
the said William Ryeves by his second wife Elinor 
Coffey, married. * * * * Edward and Armstrong, second 
and third sons of William Ryeves and Elinor Coffey are 
also married. 

TJie Ryrues of Lymerick. 

William Ryeves of Ballyscaddane Esq. by Sophia, 
second daughter of Sir Robert Traverse of Richard- 
ford's Town near Cork, left issue one son named 
Robert who by Elizabeth Ryeves his cousin has issue 
two sons and two daughters. The sons are Robert and 
Edward, the daughters are Elizabeth and Katherine 
Ryeves. Edward, second son of Robert Ryeves and 
Elizabeth, married Elizabeth Powell, daughter of Hassard 

90 The Blcnnerhassett Pedigree. 

Powell Esq., and has issue anno 1734. Elizabeth and 
Katherine Ryeves, daughters of Robert and Elizabeth, 
also married and had issue. And said William Ryeves 
of Ballyscaddane on the death of his first wife Sophia 
Traverse married secondly Bridget Howes, daughter of 
* * * * Howes Esq., a relation of Charles Oliver Esq. 
and left issue a son named Nicholas, who by Catherine 
Croker left issue one son named William, who at present 
enjoys Ballyscaddane and is married. 

N.B. The Ryeves Coat Armour is three Lozenges, five 
Ermines in a Lozenge in a field argent. The crest is 
a greyhound sedent. 

Joanna Brown, second daughter of John Brown, 
Master of Awney, and Katherine O'Ryan mentioned 
at page 71, married Maurice Hurley, Esq. and had 
issue by him Sir Thomas Hurley of Knocklong in the 
county Lymerick, who married Grissell Hogan and had 
issue two sons viz : Maurice and John, and four daugh- 
ters Catherine, Anne, Grace, and Elinor Hurley. Sir 
Maurice Hurly, eldest son of Sir Thomas Hurly and 
Grissell Hogan, married * * * * O Dwyer and had one 
son viz : Sir William Hurly, and this Sir William by his 
wife Mary Blount had issue Sir John Hurley taken up in 
Dublin, about the year 1714, for raising men for the 
Pretender but made his escape. Katherine Hurley, eldest 
daughter of Sir Thomas Hurley and Grissell Hogan, 
married Pierce Butler, Lord Dunboyne, and had issue 
James the late Lord Dunboyne and four daughters viz : 
Anne, Mary, Grace and Elinor Butler. Anne Butler, 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 91 

eldest daughter of Pierce Lord Dunboyne and Katherine 
Hurley, married Mr. * * * * English of * * * * Mary 
Butler, second daughter of Pierce Lord Dunboyne and 
Katherine Hurly, married Daniel O'Ryan of Sullaghode 
and had issue. Grace Butler, third daughter of said 
Pierce and Katherine, married Walter Bourke near the 
Devil's Bit called Mac Walsar Duhallow. This Walter's 
sister was the wife of Colonel Blount and mother to the 
Lady Hurly, (Sir William Hurry's relict) and after 
Colonel Blount's death she married O'Bryen of Duharra. 
Elinor Butler, fourth daughter of said Pierce Lord Dun- 
boyne and Katherine Hurley, married Robiston of Bally- 
cloghy in the county Cork and had a daughter 
Ellen, who married Garret Fitzgerald of Kilmurry. And 
said Garret Fitzgerald by Ellen Robiston had issue 
Colonel Thomas Fitzgerald, who married * * * * and 
had a son Garret Fitzgerald. This last mentioned 
Garret Fitzgerald married Julian sister of the present 
O'Sullivan More, anno. 1734, and left issue Thomas 
Fitzgerald who married Mary daughter of Patrick Pierse 
of Ballinerossig in the county Kerr)-. Elinor Hurley, 
fourth daughter of Sir Thomas Hurly and Grissell Hogan 
his wife, married David Barry of Rathane, by whom she 
had issue, Edmund Barry the late Queen Anne's foster- 
father. John Hurley, second son of Sir Thomas and 
Grisell, married * * * * and had a son, John, the father 
of. the late Colonel John Hurley, and also three daugh- 
ters viz : Grace, Anne and Ellinor Hurley. Grace, the 
eldest of these three daughters, married Captain John 
Purdon of Cullagh county * * * * Anne, second 
daughter, married John Bourke of Cahirmoyle. Ellinor 

9 2 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

Hurley, third daughter, married John Lacy, of Ballin- 
lughay and had two sons, John and Pierce Lacy and a 
daughter Margaret married to Captain Owen Mac 
Carthy. Pierce Lacy, second son of said John Lacy and 
Ellinor Hurley, married and had a son George Lacy of 
Dromadda who married Frances daughter of Patrick 

Elizabeth Brown, third daughter of John Brown and 
Catherine O'Ryan, married Gerald Fitzgibbon, proprietor 
of Ardskein in county Cork called Tonebuie Riagh a 
noted man under Garret last Earl of Desnjond and left 
issue one daughter who married Burgett of Ballyfronte, 
the old proprietor of Ponsonby's estates in the County 
Lymerick. This Burgett was father of Doctor William 
Burgett a titular Archbishop of Cashel in the reign of 
Elizabeth or James the First and of the rest of his 

Margaret Brown, fourth daughter of John Brown 
Master of Awney and Catherine O'Ryan, married 
Donogh Mc Grath of Quil- (illegible) commonly called 
Donogh na Traghlig, and had a son Thomas and four 
daughters viz : Margaret, Catherine, Mary and Honora 
Mc Grath. Thomas Mc Grath, son of Donogh 
Mc Grath and Margaret Brown, married and had a son 
called Thomas who was father to Colonel Denis 
Mc Grath, killed in a duel in the reign of Queen Anne. 
Margaret Mc Grath, eldest daughter of Donogh Mc Grath 
and Margaret Brown, married James Barry of Raih- 
cormac in county Cork, called Mac Adam Barry, and 
had issue Redmond Barry Esq. who married first * * * * 
and had issue a son, Colonel James Barn-, and a 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 93 

daughter married to Alan Broderick, late Lord High 
Chancellor of Ireland, and afterwards created Lord 
Middleton. By his second wife * * * * Purdon, Red- 
mond Barry had issue a son Redmund, now of Bally- 
clogh near Fermoy, who by his wife * * * * Taylor 
has issue, anno 1734- Colonel James Barry, son of 
Redmund Barry, married an English lady of great merit 
and fortune and left two sons viz : Colonel Redmond 
Barry now of Rathcormac, and his brother James Barry 
a Captain of foot (and purse-bearer to the late Lord 
Chancellor Broderick,) also daughters. Catherine 
Mc Grath, second daughter of Donogh Mc Grath and 
Margaret Brown, was married to Philip Roe of Hackets- 
town in the County Waterford and was grandmother to 
the late John Roe, Michael Roe, and other brothers 
and their sister Mary Roe who married Captain George 
Brown, of Ballyvrinny in county Lymerick, and had issue 
two sons viz : Lieutenant-General George Brown, late 
Governor of Milan under the Emperor of Germany, and 
Colonel Ulick Brown, styled Count Brown, married to* 
Annabella Fitzgerald as mentioned in p. Si, and by her has 
issue one son and two daughters. Margaret Roe. another 
sister of the said John Roe, was married to James Gib- 
bon of Castle Riagh in county Lymerick. Anne Roe, 
another sister of said John's, was married to Charles 
Mac Carthy called Tierna (or Lord of) Coshmagne. 
Man- Mc Grath, third daughter of Donogh Mc Grath 
and Margaret Brown, married * * * * O'Hiffernan of 
Scronil in Tipperary. and had issue a son who married 
and had issue, and a daughter Ellinor, who by her 
husband old Doctor Hickey, had issue four sons, viz : 

94 The Bknncrhassctt Pedigree. 

Doctor Morrogh Hickey late of Lymerick, Doctor John 
Hickey late of Clonmell (who was father of Doctor 
Hickey now of Clonmell.) Michael Hickey the Lawyer, 
and Laurence Hickey all dead. Honora Mc Grath, 
fourth daughter of Donogh Mc Grath and Margaret 
Brown, married Philip Mc Grath of (illegible) and Curragh- 
nasloadv in countv Waterford, and by him had a dau< r h- 
ter called Mary who was the second wife of Sir Nicholas 
Osborne of Ticmor, and stepmother of Sir Thomas 
Osborne mentioned in p. 3S. She was reputed one of 
y* most excellent good women of her time in y e Pro- 
vince. Colonel Denis Mc Grath, mentioned in p. 92, 
as killed in a duel left issue three sons, Thomas, Robert 
and Donogh and three daughters viz : Mary, Margaret 
and Jane Mc Grath. 

Ellinor Brown, fifth daughter of John Brown Master 
of Awney and Catherine O'Ryan, mentioned at p. 69, 
married * i: ~ * * Fitzgerald of Cahirassa, from whom all 
the Fitzgeralds of that family are descended, amongst 
others, Thomas Fitzgerald, who managed a law suit for 
Colonel Stewart at Tralee Assizes, anno 1700, against 
Mr. Walcot so that the Colonel had a favourable ver- 
dict. And :-c * * * Fitzgerald grand daughter of said 
Ellinor Brown was mother of the late Lord Cahir, and 
he being the next collateral heir of Pierce, Lord Cahir, 
was father of the present Thomas Lord Cahir, who is 
married to Frances, daughter of the eminent lawyer Sir 
Theobald Butler, and has issue anno 1727, three sons 
viz : James, Thomas, and Jordan Butler and daughters. 
And the last named Lord Cahir has a sister Jane Butler, 
who married James son of the before mentioned Sir 

The B tenner hasseti Pedigree. 95 

Theobald Butler and left issue, two sons, viz : Theobald 
and James and two daughters Margaret and Mary Butler. 
And said Jane Butler married secondly and had issue. 

Katherine Brown, sixth daughter of John Brown 
Master of Awny and Catherine O'Ryan, married Thomas 
Russell of Ballinreague now called Shannon Park near 
Cork and had one son Francis, and a daughter who was 
married to Cogan of Bearnehealy. This Thomas Russell 
a learned man out of some melancholy hung himself in 
his own stable. The descendant and representative of 
the above mentioned Cogan of Bearnehealy is William 
Cogan of Muckinagh, anno 1734, in the County Kerry. 
The seventh daughter of John Brown Master of Awney and 
Katherine O Ryan mentioned at page 69 married * * * * 
Rawleigh of Rawleighstown in the County Lymerick and 
had a daughter married to Lieutenant Rutlidge, father of 
Joan Rutlidge who was the wife of old Edward Lacy of 
Rathcahill. The eighth daughter of said John Brown 
Master of Awney and Katherine O'Ryan of Sullaghode, 
married * * * * Fitzgibbon of Ballyleemy in the 
County Limerick, and had a daughter married to * * * * 
Baggott, of * * * * by whom she had issue old John 
Baggott the Counsellor and James and William Baggott. 
James Baggott married Juliana Power, daughter of Sir 
William Power of Killbolane, and had issue young 
John Baggott the Counsellor, and Peter Baggott. 
William Baggott married * * * * Fitton of Knockaney 
and had three sons viz : James, John and Edward 
Baggott, the two last were killed at Aughrim and 
James in right of his mother * * * * Fitton had a claim 
to the lands of Awney but was bought off by Counsellor 

g 6 The Blcnncrhassctt Pedigree. 

Fitzgerald mentioned at p. 94. Katherine Fitzgibbon 
another daughter of Fitzgibbon of Ballyleeny and his 
wife * * * * Brown was grandmother of Henry Supple 
of Criggane. The ninth daughter of John Brown Master 
of Awney and Katherine O'Ryan was married to * * * * 
Cushin or Cushinagh of the County Cork and one of 
his daughters was mother of Nagle of Monanimy, and 
another daughter of his was mother of James Rawleigh 
father of Walter Rawleigh the Counsellor. The tenth 
daughter of John Brown, Master of Awney, and Katherine 
O Ryan was married to Butler of Knockgraffan in the 
County Tipperary. 

By some of the foregoing ten sisters, daughters of Brown 
of Awney, I am related to the Burghs of Dromkeen and 
Newcastle, and the Fitzgeralds of Ballyglickane. A 
sister of Captain Thomas Spring mentioned at page 73, 
married the grandfather of Major John O'Dell of Ballin- 
garry thus : — 

1. Captain Thomas Spring. 1 Spring (his sister). 

2. Alice Spring. 2 O Dell. 

3. Katherine Ryeves. 3. Major John O Dell. 

4. Avice Conway. 4. John O Dell. 

5. John Blennerhasset (the 5 O Dell. 


The said Major John O'Dell, grandson of Captain 
Thomas Spring's sister, married Elizabeth Cane and had 
issue two sons viz : John and William and three daughters 
viz : Judith, Mary, and Grissell O'Dell. John O'Dell, 
eldest of these two sons, married Constance Fitzmaurice, 
daughter of William Lord Baron of Kerry, and left issue 
an only son John who married Anne Fitzmaurice, 

The BlcnncrJiassdt Pedigree. 97 

daughter of Captain James Fitzmaurice, son of the said 
Lord Kerry, and had issue three sons and one daughter. 
The sons are Thomas and William and the daughter is 
Catherine 0*Dell. William O'Dell, second son of 
Major John O'Dell and Elizabeth Cane, married Anne 
Hunt of Glangould in the County Tipperary and left 
issue by her four sons and two daughters. The sons are 
John, Edward, William and George, the daughters are 
Elizabeth and Anne. John O'Dell, eldest son of William 
O'Dell and Anne Hunt, married Frances Massey of Ma- 
croom in Cork and has issue. Judith, eldest daughter of 
Major John O'Dell and Elizabeth Cane, married Captain 
Charles Conyers of Castle Town Mac Eniry and has 
issue, anno 1735, one son O'Dell Conyers and three 
daughters Catherine, Margaret and Mary Conyers. 

O'Dell Conyers, son of Captain Charles and Judith, 
married Jane Langford of Tullagha in Lymerick and by 
her has issue, anno 1735, two daughters. Catherine 
Conyers first daughter of Captain Charles Conyers and 
Judith O'Dell, married Mr. John Bunbury a clergyman 
in the Diocese of Mallow, and by him has issue. 
Margaret Conyers, second daughter of Captain Charles 
Conyers and Judith O'Dell, married Lieutenant John 
Shelton of Rosse in the County Lymerick and by him 
has issue. Mary Conyers, third daughter of Captain 
Charles Conyers and Judith O'Dell, married William 
Upton of Ballynaboarney in the Count)- Lymerick and 
by him has issue. Mary O'Dell, second daughter of 
Major John O'Dell and Elizabeth Cane, married Captain 
Thomas Brown (since dead) and by him had issue one 
son, viz : Thomas, (a Lieutenant in the Army.) and the 


98 The Blcnnerhassett Pedigree. 

said Mary by her second husband John Langton of 

Killbeg in Lymerick has also issue. Grissel, third 

daughter of Major John O'Dell and Elizabeth Cane, 

married Henry Graydon of Elverstone near Blessington 

and lias issue, anno 1735, tw0 sons xlz '• MorrogTi 

and Henry and four daughters viz : Mary, Anne, Eliza- 

beth and Katherine. Morrogh Graydon, eldest of these 

two sons, married Catherine Graydon of Russellstown 

near Blessington. Mary Graydon, eldest daughter of 

Henry Graydon and Grissell O'Dell, married Lieutenant 

Thomas Brown above mentioned and has two sons and 

two daughters. Anne Graydon, second daughter of 

Henry Graydon and Grissell O'Dell, married John Smith 

of Balteboig and by him has issue. Katherine Graydon, 

fourth daughter of Henry Graydon and Grissell O'Dell, 

married * * * * Ormsby of the County Sligo. Major 

John O'Dell, the husband of Elizabeth Cane, had also 

another daughter by name Jane married to Major 

Nicholas Mouncton of Killmore by whom she left issue 

five daughters viz : Elizabeth, Mary, Catherine, Judith 

and Grissell Mouncton. Elizabeth Mouncton;- eldest of 

these five, married Lieutenant Tristram Carey by whom 

she left issue three sons, F^dward, George and Mouncton, 

and three daughters Anne, Mary, and Jane. Mary 

Mouncton, second daughter of Major Nicholas Mouncton 

and Jane O'Dell, married James Langford of Bannemore 

near Farley. Catherine Mouncton, third daughter of 

Major Nicholas Mouncton and Jane O'Dell, married 

Lieutenant Joseph Standish of Ballynafrancky county 

Lymerick, by whom she has issue living, anno 1735, two 

sons viz : John and Michael and three daughters viz : 

The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 99 

Faith married to Patrick Peppard of Kilmacow, (men- . 
tioned in p. 51,) Jane married to Matthew Markham of 
Lymerick by whom she has issue one daughter named 
Faith, and Mary Standish as yet unmarried. Judith 
Mouncton, fourth daughter of Major Nicholas Mouncton 
and Jane O'Dell, married Mr. Brown. Grissell Mouncton, 
fifth daughter of Major Nicholas Mouncton and Jane 
O'Dell, died without issue. 

And the said Major John O'Dell the husband of 
Elizabeth Cane had a sister, who married first Captain 
Oxford of Newcastle in the County Lymerick, and had 
issue only one child, Mary Oxford who married Richard 
Stephens Esq. of Newcastle, and had issue six daughters 
viz : Catherine, Thamasine, Grace, Mans Susanna and 
Jane Stephens. Catherine Stephens eldest of these six 
married Captain John Bowen of Kilbullane. Thamasine, 
second daughter of Richard Stephens of Newcastle and 
Mary Oxford, married Thomas Mansel of Drombane in 
Lymerick and had issue two sons Thomas and Edward 
Mansel. Grace Stephens, third daughter of Richard 
Stephens and Mary Oxford, married Doctor Rudgate 
of Dublin and had issue a daughter married to 
Doctor Roberts of Dublin. Mary, fourth daughter of 
Richard Stephens and Mary Oxford, married (illegible) 
near Roscrea in Tipperary. Susanna Stephens, fifth 
daughter of Richard Stephens and Mary Oxford, married 
Edmund Burgh of Newcastle Esq. by whom she had 
issue two daughters viz : * * * * who married ' 
Cox one of Sir Richard Cox's grandsons, and Jane 
Burgh who married the son of Henry Bayley of Lough 
Gar. And the said Susanna Stephens on the death of 

ico The Blenncrhassctt Pedigree. 


her first husband Edmond Burgh, married secondly, 
George Rose Esq. brother of Mr. Justice Rose and has 
issue. Jane, sixth daughter of Richard Stephens and 
Mary Oxford, married the Reverend William Burgh, late 
Rector of Newcastle, and left no issue. And the said 
* * * * 07)ell (mother of the wife of Richard Stephens) 
on the death of her first husband Captain Oxford 
married secondly, Mr. Ralph Conyers and left issue one 
son by name Charles, and four daughters viz : Catherine, 
Grissell, Elizabeth and Margaret Conyers. 

Captain Charles Conyers the said son married Judith 
O'Dell of Castletown Mac Eniry as mentioned in p. 97. 
Catherine Conyers, eldest daughter of Ralph Conyers 
and * * * * O'Dell otherwise Oxford, married Revd. 
William Burgh, Rector of Newcastle, (anno 1696,) by 
whom she had issue three sons viz : William, Edmond 
and John Burgh and four daughters viz : Elizabeth, 
Annabel, Margaret and Catherine. William Burgh the 
eldest son married Jane Stephens, above mentioned, and 
Edmond Burgh married Susanna Stephens as mentioned 
in preceding page. John Burgh, (third son of Catherine 
Conyers and Rev. William Burgh, Rector of Newcastle 
anno 1696,) resided at Ballyleen near Crogh in Lymerick 
and married :;: * * * of Dublin, by whom he has 
issue one son named John and a daughter Margaret 
Burgh. Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Reverend William 
Burgh and Catherine Conyers, married Captain Robert 
Lloyd of Newcastle and has issue, one son John, and one 
daughter Mary Lloyd married to Erancis Langford of 
Tullagha in Lymerick. Annabel Burgh, second daugh- 
ter of Rev. William Burgh and Catherine Conyers, 

The BIcnncrJiassctt Pedigree. 101 


married John O'Dell of Waterford and has issue. Mar- 
garet Burgh, third daughter of Rev. William Burgh and 
Catherine Conyers, married Mr. Nathan Sprigg, late 
Rector of Newcastle, they are both dead, and left issue 
two sons viz : William and Nathan, and one daughter 
named Catherine married to Stephen Bowen of New- 
castle, Captain John Bowen of Kilbullane's son. William 
Sprigg, first of these two sons, married Catherine 
Brudenell of Ballyguile and by her has issue. Grissell 
Conyers, second daughter of Ralph Conyers and * * * * 
O Dell, married Thomas Whippy by whom she left issue 
Ralph Whippy married to Margaret Fitzmaurice of Kil- 
carragh, county Kerry. Elizabeth, third daughter of 
Ralph Conyers and * * * * O'Dell otherwise Oxford 
married John Upton of Newcastle by whom she left 
issue a son John Upton of Curraghnamullaght, and 
three younger sons, Charles, William and Jonathan. 
Margaret Conyers, fourth daughter of Ralph Conyers 
and * * * * O'Dell, otherwise Oxford, married Edward 
Darcy of Newcastle by whom she left two sons viz : 
James and Conyers Darcy. James Darcy lives at Knocka- 
derry and Conyers Darcy at Carrugart. 

Master Dermot O'Ryan of Sullaghode mentioned at 
p. 69 had besides Katherine wife of John Brown, two 
other daughters viz : Julian and Mary O'Ryan. Julian 
O'Ryan married Mac O'Brien of Duharra or Arra and 
had * * * * sons and three daughters. The eldest 
of these three daughters married Charles, Lord Muskerry, 
called Cormac Reagh. Ellen O'Brien, second daughter 
of Julian O'Ryan and O'Brien of Duharra, married 
Mac Carthy Reagh, by whom she had issue with others 

102 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 


Florence Mac Carthy, who died in the Tower of London, 
having been privately married to Lady Ellen Mac Carthy, 
only daughter of Donnel Mac Carthy Earl of Clancare, 
who was the great grandfather of Randall Mac Carthy 
More father of the present Mac Carthy More, anno 1733. 
* * * * O'Brien, third daughter of Julian O'Ryan and 
Mac O'Brien of Duharra, married Brien Mac Sweeny 
of Dimisky in the county Corke and was ancestor ot 
Major Charles Mac Carthy of Gortnalough. 

And said Julian O'Ryan on the death of her first 
husband Mac O'Brien of Arra, married Maurice Fitz- 
gerald, called Maurice Dhuv Mac an Earla, (or Black 
Maurice the Earl's son) and had issue James Fitzmaurice 
of Desmond, and this James of Desmond had two 
daughters, Joan and Honora Fitzmaurice. Joan Fitz- 
maurice, eldest of the two, married * * * * and was 
great grandmother of Colonel Donogh Mac Carthy of 
Drishane lately deceased. Honora Fitzmaurice, second 
daughter of James of Desmond, married Sir Edmund 
Fitz John Fitz-Gerald of Cloyne and Ballymoloo and 
had issue one son Maurice Fitzgerald of Castle-Ishen, 
and three daughters viz : Ellen, Mary and Honora Fitz- 
gerald. Ellen, eldest daughter of Sir Edmond Fitz 
John Fitzgerald and Honora Fitzmaurice, married 
Dermot, fourth Baron of Inchiquin, and by him had 
issue, Morrogh first PZarl of Inchiquin and two daughters 
Mary and Honora O'Brien. Mary Fitzgerald, second 
daughter of said Sir Edmond Fitz John Fitzgerald and 
Honora Fitzmaurice, married Owen O'Sullivan More and 
by him had issue Daniel O'Sullivan More, the present 
Daniel O'Sullivan More's grandfather, anno 1734. 

The BlenncrJiassett Pedigree. 103 

Honora Fitzgerald, third daughter of said Sir Edmond 
and Honora, married Patrick Fitzmaurice, Lord Baron 
of Kerry, the present Earl of Kerry's grandfather, and 
by him had issue two sons and three daughters. The 
first of these two sons was William late Lord Kerry 
present Earl's father, and the second son was Raymond 
Fitzmaurice. The eldest daughter of Patrick Lord Kerry 
and Honora Fitzgerald was Jane Fitzmaurice, who mar- 
ried the Lord Leigh of * * * * in England and after- 
wards * * * * Gifford Esq. Mary Fitzmaurice, 
second daughter of Patrick Lord Kerry and Honora 
Fitzgerald, married the Marquis D'Abbeville by whom 
she has issue. Elizabeth Fitzmaurice, third daughter of 
Lord Kerry and Honora Fitzgerald, married first Thomas 
Amory by whom she left issue, Thomas Amory of Bun- 
ratty, lately deceased, and secondly O'Connor Kerry 
by whom she had one daughter by name Julia, who 
married Charles O'Connor a learned mathematician 
of Dublin by whom she left issue an only son Charles 
Fitzmaurice O'Connor. 

Maurice Fitzgerald of Castle Ishen, only son of Sir 
Edmund Fitz John Fitzgerald and Honora Fitzmaurice, 
married Honora Mac Carthy daughter of the Lord 
Muskerry and had issue a son, Garret Fitzgerald of 
Castle Ishen, and said Garret by Katherine O'Brien 
sister of Daniel, Lord Viscount Clare, had a son James 
Fitzgerald. The said James Fitzgerald of Castle Ishen 
married Amy Fitzgerald, daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald 
Knight of Kerry, and left issue two sons, Maurice and 
James. Maurice Fitzgerald, eldest son of James Fitz- 
gerald of Castle Ishen and Amy daughter of the Knight 

104 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

of Kerry, married Dame Elinor Butler of Kilcash and 
left issue. Honora O'Brien eldest daughter of Ellen 
Fitzgerald and Derniot Lord Inchiquin, married Anthony 
Stoughton of Rat too in the county of Kerry Esq., and 
by him had issue, two sons, viz : Henry and William and 
four daughters, viz : Margaret, Elizabeth, Ellen, and 
* * * * William, second son of Anthony Stoughton 
and Honora O'Brien, died unmarried. Henry the eldest 
son married first, Mary Ponsonby and had a daughter 
Honora Stoughton married to Edward Shewell, son of 
Captain Shewell of Ardfert, by whom she has issue 
living, anno 1734, two sons and a daughter. The sons 
are Henry and Thomas and the daughter is Sarah 
Shewell. Henry Shewell, eldest son of Edward Shewell 
and Honora Stoughton, married Elizabeth Anne Julian 
daughter of James Julian and * * * * Kirby, (daughter 
of Colonel Kirby and a Blennerhassett in Cumberland) 
and hath issue two sons, viz : Edward and Anthony 
Shewell and five daughters Mary, Sarah, Elizabeth Anne 
and Harriett Shewell. Sarah Shewell, only daughter of 
Honora Stoughton and Edward Shewell, married Robert 
Usher of Ballynaskea in the county Meath and has issue 
three sons viz : Edward, Richard, and Stoughton Usher. 
Henry Stoughton on the death of his first wife Mary 
Ponsonby married Sarah, daughter of Sir Thomas Crosbie, 
and left issue two sons viz : Anthony and Thomas 
Stoughton. Anthony Stoughton, first son of Henry 
Stoughton and Sarah Crosbie, married Sarah Lloyd of 
* * * * niece of Mr. Justice Rose, and left issue three 
sons of whom there is but one living, anno 1734, named 
Anthony and a daughter Sarah Stoughton. Thomas 

The Blcnncrliassctt Pedigree, 105 

Stoughton, second son of Henry Stoughton and Sarah 
Crosbie, married Dorothy daughter of Archdeacon Bland 
and by her has issue a son by name Henry Stoughton 
born in January 1728. Margaret Stoughton, eldest 
daughter of Anthony Stoughton and Honora O'Brien, 
married first, William Sandes Esq. of Carrigafoyle and 
had issue three sons, viz : "William, Lancelot, and Henry, 
and a daughter Ellen Sandes. Lancelot, Henry and 
Ellen died unmarried. William Sandes, eldest son, 
married Mary Coward an English lady and by her left 
issue two sons, viz : William and Lancelot and three 
daughters Margaret, Catherine, and Elizabeth Sandes. 
William Sandes, eldest of these two sons, married the late 
Bishop of Lymerick's daughter and died without issue 
by her. Lancelot Sandes, second son of William Sandes 
and Mary Coward, married Margaret Crosbie, sister of 
Sir Maurice Crosbie, and by her left issue three daughters 
viz : Margaret, Jane and Catherine. Margaret, eldest 
daughter of William Sandes and Mary Coward, married 
Counsellor Pierce Crosbie, son of Sir Thomas Crosbie, 
and by him has issue, anno 1734, a son Francis Crosbie 
and two daughters Mary and Elizabeth Crosbie. Catherine 
Sandes, second daughter of William Sandes and Mary 
Coward, married Arthur Crosbie of Ardfert Esq. and by 
him has issue one son William and four daughters, Lucy, 
Elizabeth, Margaret and Agnes Sandes living, anno 1734. 
Margaret Stoughton, eldest daughter of Anthony Stough- 
ton and Honora O'Brien, on the death of her said first 
husband William Sandes, married Edward Payne of the 
County Lymerick Esqre. and left issue. 

Elizabeth Stoughton, second daughter of Anthony 

io6 The Blcnncrhassctt Pedigree. 


Stouchton and Honora O'Brien, married Colonel Rosier 
Moore of Johnstown near Dublin, and by him had a 
son and four daughters at least. One of the sons of 
Roger Moore and Elizabeth Stoughton named Boyle was 
married to * * * * Cox, daughter of Sir Richard Cox, 
Lord High Chancellor, and Lord Justice of Ireland in 
the reign of Queen Anne and the said Boyle Moore by 
her has issue. Honora Moore, eldest daughter of Roger 
Moore and Elizabeth Stoughton, married first Doctor 
Foley, Bishop of Down, and had issue and secondly 
Counsellor Whitley by whom also she has issue. Hannah 
Moore, second daughter of Roger Moore and Elizabeth 
Stoughton, married Doctor Benjamin Scroggs, Senior 
Fellow of Trinity College Dublin, by whom she has 
issue. Elizabeth Moore, third daughter of Colonel 
Roger Moore and Elizabeth Stoughton, married Colonel 
John Edgeworth by whom she had issue three sons viz : 
Henry Edgeworth of Lascow in y e County Longford, 
(illegible) and Robert and two daughters Mary and Eliza- 
beth Edgeworth. Frances Moore, fourth daughter of 
Roger Moore and Elizabeth Stoughton, married * * * * 
Ormsby of (illegible.) Ellen Stoughton, third daughter 
of Anthony Stoughton and Honora O'Brien, married 
Thomas Blennerhassett mentioned in p. 59 and had issue. 
* * * * Stoughton, fourth daughter of Anthony Stough- 
ton and Honora O'Brien, married * * * * Harding of 

Mary O'Ryan, third daughter of Master Dermot O'Ryan 
mentioned in p. 69, was married to Sir Tiege Mac Mahon 
of Clounderahin, County Clare, and by him had issue 
two sons, Turlogh and Tiege and four daughters. Mary 

The Blennerhassctt Pedigree. 107 

Mac Mahon, eldest of these four daughters, married first 
Cornelius O'Brien and had issue the late Sir Donogh 
O'Brien of Leamanagh, who married * * * * Hamilton 
and left issue Lucius O'Brien. And said Lucius O'Brien 
married Dame Catherine Keightley and left issue, Sir 
Edward O'Brien, anno 1735, wn0 by Mary daughter of 
Hugh Hickman Esq. of Fenloe has issue two sons 
Donogh and Lucius and a daughter. And on the death 
of her first husband Cornelius O'Brien, Mary Mac Mahon 
married secondly, Tiege O'Nelane, and had issue William 
O'Nelane of Corrofm who left a son, Colonel Francis 
O'Nelane, an officer in the Emperor of Germany's service, 
anno 1733, and the said Mary Mac Mahon by her third 
husband Francis Cooper Esq. of Newmarket had issue. 
The second daughter of Mary O'Ryan and Sir Tiegue 
Mac Mahon was mother of Donogh Lord Clare. The 
third daughter of said Mary O'Ryan and Sir Tiegue Mac 
Mahon married * * * * O'Shaughnessy. The fourth 
daughter of said Mary and Sir Tiegue Mac Mahon married 
. Bermingham, Lord Athenry in Galway. 

My Relationship to Ton diet Lord Audley. ' 
John Touchet, Lord Audley, by Joan daughter of 
Fulke Bouchier had issue, George Lord Fitzwarren, the 
first Earl of Castlehaven and three daughters at least. 
Dorothy Touchet, first of these daughters, married Sir 
Robert Ryeves mentioned in p. 87, father of Colonel 
James Ryeves who was father of Katherine Ryeves my 
grandmother mentioned in p. 51. Elizabeth Touchet, 
another daughter was married to Sir John Mason of 
Sion House, near London. Tin's Sir John was grand- 

io8 The Blennerhassett Pedigree. 

father of James Mason of BallymacElligott in the 
County of Kerry, whose father was a Captain of Horse 
and slain in the rebellion of 1641, which James was 
father to John Mason mentioned in p. 47. * * * * 
Touchet another daughter of Lord Audley married 
* * * * Mervyn Esq. father of Sir Audley Mervyn, and 
was grandmother of Henry Mervyn Esq. of Trellick, 
within nine miles of Enniskillen in Tyrone, who married 
and has issue, anno 1729, three sons and one daughter. 
Mervyn, second Earl of Castlehaven, left issue a son 
Mervyn, called "Earla beg" or the "little Earl" who 
was general of the Irish forces in 1641. The second 
Earl of Castlehaven had also three daughters, viz : Lady 
Francis Touchet who married the Honourable Richard 
Butler a relative of the Marquis of Ormond, Lady Lucy 
Touchet who was married to Mr. John Anketill of 
Farriehy in Lymerick and had issue John Anketill who 
by Inez Katherine Mac Gillicuddy aunt to the Mac Gilli- 
cuddy (mentioned at p. 44) left issue. And the said 
Lady Lucy married secondly Colonel Edmund Fitzmaurice. 
Lady Mary Tuchet, third daughter of the second Earl of 
Castlehaven, married Edmund Butler, Lord Viscount 

" S/ion> tne the country ', place, or spot of ground 
Where 'Has setts or their allies are not found.'''' 


Cfjc antiquities of Cralcc. 

(Ker?y Magazine, January, 1854.) 

E designedly open our Journal with a title to 
make our readers stare. "The Antiquities 
of Tralee ! " If ever there was a new town 
Tralee is one. There are in it men old 
enough to remember the building of every house now 
standing. Almost everything in it is new. There is the 
new Court House — and the new Gaol — and the new 
barracks and the new poorhouse — the new Church and 
the new Scots' Church — the new Roman Catholic Church 
and new shops with new plate glass fronts in their 
windows — new flag ways under foot and new light (gas 
light we mean) over head — the new Canal and we hope 
soon to see the new railway station. In short, Tralee is 
decidedly a new town, in all its essentials, and yet we 
are going to write about its antiquities. Yes truly 
people who see it in its band box freshness will scarce 
believe that it was once looked down upon bv a cp^ 1 - - 

no The Antiquities of Tralee. 

nay, by two castles, stately and tall, and that much of 
the present town stands upon the site of an ancient 
Abbey its cloisters and burying ground. We know 
many good people in Tralee who would be very shy of 
crossing a burying ground after dark and yet who sleep 
comfortably enough every night of their lives in a grave 
yard (!) over the bodies of numberless old monks and 
friars, together with knights, nobles, and their retainers 
in good store, gentle and simple, above and below, all 
rest quietly together. But more of this anon. 

These old buildings are all passed away. Many of 
our readers will remember Tralee Castle, the last of 
them standing, a huge pile of black walls, without even 
a window to break its dead front as it extended across 
the site of Denny-street pretty much in a line with the 
present entrance to the "Wesleyan Meeting House," 
this was the " Great Castle." The " Short," or " Rice's 
Castle," supposed to occupy the site of Mr. Edward 
Stokes' present house.* had gone long before and the 
" ould ancient abbey " had been reduced to " rubbage " 
long before that again. There is some reason to con- 
jecture that the first idea of " The Square " was taken 
from occupying the site of its cloisters while its gardens 
and cincture extended so as to include all that quarter 
now bounded by "The Terrace" and "Mary-street." 

Tralee Castle was always called the chief stronghold 
of " The Desmond." Except for its central position in 
the principality it is hard to say why, for there were 
other localities much more pleasant and inviting, but so 
it was, and though Kilmallock and Askeaton on the one 

* V. Appendix. 

The Antiquities of Trake. 1 1 1 

side, and Imokilly or StrancaHy on the other, might 
offer more desirable situations the Castle on the Strand 
of the Lee seems to have been always the central head 
quarters of the Desmond power and authority, round 
which the minor fortresses of Liscahane," liallybeggan, 
and Ballymullen, were all ranged as satellites in the 
hands of the Desmond's relatives and dependants. The 
castle was certainly one of those Norman erections 
which began to rise all over Ireland after the period of 
the English Conquest. It continued in the power of the 
Desmond chiefs for nearly four hundred years, and from 
among the chequered records of that period, we select 
one or two incidents connected with its history which 
may be called part of the " romance of truth." 

Of all the sixteen or eighteen Earls who held this 
stately keep, none has so marked a place in history, as 
the unfortunate and turbulent Gerald, the sixteenth 

E ar ] ? "the great model rebel" as he is called — who 

came to his end after many vicissitudes, in the woody 
hoilow of Glanaginty, in the range of hills above Chute- 
hall. We intend to make his fate and the details of it, 
the subject of a separate paper hereafter ; but must first 
notice two incidents of his, and his family"s career, con- 
nected with the castle of Tralee. 

The Desmond Earls it is well known, were both proud 
and jealous of their palatine privileges, and long struggled 
to maintain the ''liberties of Kern-" and the "jura 
'regalia' of the principality independent of the royal 
authority. They appear to have done this with more or 
less effect through a' long period, until at length Sir 
* V. Appendix. 

1 1 2 The Antiquities of Tralee. 

Henry Sidney, in his report of a progress through Munster, 
declared his opinion that there could be " neither peace 
nor order in the South, until the palatine jurisdiction of 
both Ormond and Desmond (East and South Munster) 
were reduced." It thus came to pass that in the year 
1576, Sir William Drury, then Lord President of Munster, 
determined to take the Queen's writ in his hand, and to 
give it currency throughout the palatinate. Desmond, 
as one of the Council of Munster, used all endeavours 
to dissuade him — told of the "antres vast and deserts 
wild," — the rough riding and no thoroughfares — beyond 
" Slieve-Longhra •" but finding all in vain, he changed his 
tactics and proffered every assistance. In Spanish 
phrase, he " placed himself and his castles at and under 
the Lord President's feet," and begged of him to make 
his headquarters at his " Castle of Tralee." Drury set 
out on his progress attended by a few score men little 
more than a guard of honour : — 

" Enough for state but far too small for strength" 

and as he approached the Castle of Tralee, according to 
Desmond's invitation, an incident occurred of that 
dubious character, that it might have been rough play, 
or rough earnest, just as the case turned out. Tralee 
and its vicinity must, as we gather from incidental notices, 
have been a very different looking place then from what 
it is now for, if we except the comparatively modern 
plantations on Ballyard hill, the castle desmesne, and a 
few other places about, all Ireland does not probably 
present a barer or more treeless plain or one affording 
less facilities for ambush or shelter than the vicinity of 

The Antiquities of Tralee. 113 

Tralee. Whereas, from several incidental notices of " the 
Woods" in the histories of these times, we must suppose 
that the aboriginal native forests of Sliabh-Mis were not 
yet destroyed, and that they stretched down to the 
vicinity of the present town at the time when, as Hooker 
relates it, Sir William Drury, approaching the Castle of 
Tralee, was astonished by an apparition of seven or eight 
hundred armed men, who issuing from the woods around, 
greeted his approach with shouting voices and brandished 

The President halted his little party. He did not 
well know how to take the demonstration before him. 
His host did not appear to give the proceeding a charac- 
ter. It might be peace and play, or it might be war and 
mischief, and in fact to this hour, it seems to have been 
one of those dubious proceedings to be judged by the 
event, at least, there is nothing in Desmond's after history 
to render it certain that he meant fair play if he could 
have found an opportunity of playing foul. Had Sir 
William Drury hesitated or faltered in his course — had he 
shown the slightest symptom of irresolution or distrust of 
his resources — it seems very possible that his welcome and 
its results might have been of a very different character 
from what they ultimately proved. As it was, Dairy's 
resolution was quickly taken it was one of those crisis 
in which "blood and courage" will tell against any dis- 
advantage. After a moment's council with his little 
company of about one hundred and twenty men the 
President advanced at a charge against the shouting mul- 
titude before him, they neither returned nor waited his 
onset but retired, and dispersed themselves among the 


114 The Antiquities of Tralec. 

woods around, and Sir William Drury stood unmolested 
before the entrance of Tralee Castle. Still, no mark of 
greeting or welcome from the Earl, when suddenly the 
castle portals unclosed, and Desmond's Countess appeared 
as a mediator and peace maker, an office which she very 
constantly performed for her unfortunate and turbulent 
husband. This was Ellinor Butler, daughter of Edmund 
Lord Dunboyne, the Earl's second wife and mother of 
all his children, and her whole life seems to have been 
passed in a succession of petition and suit, whether to 
the throne, to the Viceroys, or to military commanders, 
on his behalf. When Desmond was prisoner in the 
tower of London, some years previous, we find his 
Countess his active agent at court. His submission to 
Elizabeth, in which "he laid his estate at her feet to 
convey what parts she pleased to accept of," bears date 
the nth July 1570 and we may judge how far his cause 
was promoted by the following petition from the Countess 
dated in the March previous : — 

" The petition of Ellynor, Countess of Desmond, to 
the Secretary. ( Walsinghcim) " 

" Right Honorable,— Since I have received from 
your honor, the doleful and heavie answer of her majestie 
towards me, I have conceived much sorrow in my harte, 
as I would God my lyfe were ended ; and though I 
knowe myself cleare of anie cryme towards her majestie, 
Vet- fny synncs, with the offences of my forefathers 
toward God otherwise, have 1 suppose, deserved adver- 
sitie for nice here on erthe. But good Mr. Secretary, I 
most humbly beseeche your honor for mercy and justice 
sake towards mee, a poore woman, that being a stranger 

^ The Antiquities of Tralee. 1 1 5 

here and utterly destitute of fryndes to whom I may 
utter my griefe, as to be meanes to her majestic seeing 

I am barred from her presence, to dryve mee to the 
trial of my misdemeanour toward her majestie, and, if 
thereupon, anye such can be trulye proved — as the 
voiding of her majestie's presence is too smalle punish- 
ment for so heynous an offence — even so lette mee suffer 
the bitter payne of deth without mercy. Other wise, if 
I have not offended, for charitie sake, I desire 1 may 
not longe for her majestie's favour without my desert ; 
and, for doing this you shall duringe my lyfe, fynd mee 
ready to do you anye reasonable service, that ever shall 
be in my power, and, thus I beseeche God send mee the 
reward of my harte towards her majestic" 
" At Molsey, the xxvth of March 1570. 
Your honors poore woful friende, 

Ellyxor Desmond." 

This was the lady who now appeared to explain the 
mistake the President had fallen into about his reception. 
She assured him that the body of men whom he had 
routed never " meaned hostilitie," that the shouts were 
not " battle cries but Irish welcomes." and that the Earl 
and his principal retainers and friends were within waiting 
to entertain Sir William Drury with a hunt — not after 
Kerne — but after " a harte in season.'"' The President 
received the excuse either believed or affected to believe 
the Countess' explanation, and accepted the Earl's hos- 
pitality, but he was not to be diverted by either stag 
hunt or carouse, from his purpose of exhibiting the royal 
authority as paramount in the "kingdom of Kerry" and 
other parts of the palatinate. He persevered in holding 
his courts of assize and sessions of criminal justice 
wherever he went, and this insult to the Earl's claims 

Ii6 The Antiquities of Tralee. 

and pretensions produced a fierce, and never forgotten 
enmity to Drury, and may have helped to drive the 
hapless nobleman upon his ultimate rebellion and fate. 

Such is a first recollection connected with the vanished 
Castle of Tralee, and as beau and belle now pace the 
length of Denny Street it may take from the every day, 
common place, character of their promenade to consider 
that they are treading in the footsteps of Knight and 
Noble — of the stern President and the pleading Countess 
— of the " olden time." 

A. B. Rowan, D.D. 


CIjc last ©cralDgn Cfjicf of Cralcc Castle. 

{Kerry Magazine, May, 1854.) 

HE fate of the last Geraldyn who was an 
acknowledged Earl of Desmond, and as 
such possessor of Tralee Castle, is matter 
of so much historic notoriety that we should 
be disposed to put it by as a subject too hacknied and 
familiar for an article, were it not that we can offer some 
circumstances ascertained by local knowledge and 
personal investigation which, though too minute to find 
their way into general history, may have an interest for 
our readers of the Palatinate of Kerry. We therefore 
proceed after a brief sketch of those events which 
hurried the luckless Earl on his fate, to that last scene 
of which we are enabled to give our readers a graphic 
and seemingly accurate narative, from the depositions of 
a prime actor in the tragedy made in a few days after it 
was completed. 

Our last notice of Earl Gerald (v. No. 11 of the 

1 1 8 The Last Geraldyn Chief of 

Antiquities of Kerr}-,) was in some advices from Sir 
William Drury, A.D. 1579, which intimated a seeming 
correspondence between the -Earl and his brothers, Sir 
John, and Sir James of Desmond, both banded in open 
array against the Queen's authority. When Sir John of 
Desmond was routed and slain at Connelloe, near 
Limerick, the Desmond and the Lord of Lixnaw over- 
looked the engagement from an eminence to this day- 
called " Tory Hill" and after the battle the Earl sent 
letters of congratulation to Sir Nicholas Maltbie, the 
victor, who thinking that if the victory had been on the 
other side the congratulations would have gone thither 
also, received his missives very coldly and " demanded a 
conference " which the Earl, probably distrusting that as 
on a former occasion in his troubled career conference 
might mean "captivity" carefully evaded. Now who is 
to decide which party was here in fault? Curry in his 
"History of the Civil Wars" affirms, that the English 
determined to partition the Desmond Palatinate among 
fresh English settlers were resolved to make or declare 
Desmond a rebel, and that they had no matter against 
him but mere suspicion, and that only because he refused 
or delayed to draw out his forces against his brother 
John of Desmond who appeared in arms against the 
Queen. Others again allege, that on the person of the 
priest, Doctor Allen, slain in battle, were found papers 
which placed beyond doubt the Earl's complicity in his 
brother's treason. One thing is certain that Saunders, 
the most able and active mover of the whole insurrection, 
was now attached to the Earl's person, and that among 
those conditions proposed to him through his relative 

Trake Castle. 1 1 9 

the Earl of Ormond with which he refused to comply,, 
was a demand that he should " deliver up Saunders and 
the Spaniards." Saunders never left him afterwards 
while he lived, but to counterbalance these, circumstantial 
evidences of disaffection Desmond, or rather his Countess, 
that unhappy lady of whom mention was before made 
(p. 114) gave one proof of confidence in the English, so 
little compatible with the idea of disloyalty, that the 
Earl's after conduct seems indicative of insanity unless 
we suppose him urged on by impulses, or injuries which 
he had not the prudence to resist or the patience to 
endure. About a month before he was proclaimed rebel 
the Countess of Desmond had delivered up to Sir 
William Drury at Limerick, their only son, and with him 
as Curry informs us " Patrick O'Haly, Bishop of Mayo," 
and " Cornelius O'Rourke a Franciscan," both "men of 
importance " as pledges for the Earl's loyalty. And yet, 
in the face of these pledges, we read of Desmond's 
attacking the English Camp at Rathkeale in person on 
two successive nights, of his answering the entreaty of 
Sir Nicholas Maltbie to return to his allegiance by declar- 
ing that — " he owed the Queen no allegiance and would 
no longer yield her obedience." To Sir William Pelham, 
the Lord Deputy on Drury's death and who summoned 
him to a conference at Cashel, he sent a vague excuse by 
his usual Messenger the Countess, and to four distinct 
propositions made to him through Ormond he gave 
evasive replies. His object seemed to be procrastination 
though with what view none can tell, but at length came 
the fatal day when the great Earl was a proclaimed and 
outlawed traitor. 

120 TJie Last Geraidyn Chief of 

It is related that within an hour after the proclamation 
was issued, his unhappy lady arrived at the English Camp 
with her husband's submission, but it was too late, the 
Rubicon was passed — the license for plunder and slaugh- 
ter had gone forth — the English troops had begun to 
ravage the Principality and the doomed Earl setting up 
his standard at Ballynahowra in Cork had begun his 
fearful retaliations. A re-inforcement of Spaniards arriving 
at Fort-del-Ore in Smerwick Harbour, and a severe dis- 
comfiture which Lord Grey, the newly arrived Deputy, 
received from the O'Byrnes at Glenmalure in Wicklow, 
gave Desmond a momentary confidence which was 
however soon overcast by the capture of the western 
Fort, and the massacre of its garrison ; his castles, one 
by one, were captured or surrendered, his brothers or 
principal followers killed or dispersed. Carrigafoyle, 
though defended by an Italian engineer, was stormed 
and the garrison put to the sword or hanged. The 
garrison of Askeaton, fearing the same fate, evacuated 
the fortress and all his strongholds being thus ultimately 
taken and either rased or garrisoned by the Queen's 
forces, he became a houseless wanderer, flitting from one 
fastness to another, sometimes escaping in his shirt, 
again hiding in December " up to his chin in a river 
under a bank,'"' and reduced from the command of the 
whole County Palatine of Kerry and the. leadership of 
hundreds of gentlemen of his name and race to a miser- 
able following, at last narrowed down to some kerne 
and for his own immediate attendants to a "priest, 
two horsemen, and a boy, with whom he wandered about 
from one place to another." Doctor Saunders had some 

Trake Castle. 121 

time before this sunk under the fatigues of this hard, 
wandering life and of all the Clans who once gathered 
around the Desmond only a few members of the 
'Xy Sheehys and Mac Swyny tribes, a kind of hereditary 
body guard of the Palatine Earls, remained with him to 
the last. Closely pressed by his pursuers he was hunted 
from Limerick to Kerry, from the fastnesses of Aherlogh 
to those of Sliabh Loughra, with his indefatigable perse- 
cutor Captain Dowdall close upon his traces so that he 
was put to hard shifts for the very means of existence. 
If anything could add to the bitterness of the unfortunate 
Earl's fate, it must have been the fact, that his old heredi- 
tary rival and foe the "Thierna Dubh" Ormond, being 
come out of England as Lord General of Munster, was 
now the arbiter of his destiny. A feeling similar to that 
expressed by the Douglas in the old ballad of Chevy Chase, 
when wounded and dying he exclaimed in despair : 

"Earl Percy sees me fall ! n 
must have been torture worse than death to that 
haughty chief who had once spoken so proudly over 
" the necks of the Butlers." As the toils grew closer 
round him however, he penned a humiliating and 
sorrowful letter to Ormond, ottering submission and 
sueing for that interview which he had so often evaded. 
This letter we give below and it otters a curious contrast 
to the following advices out of Munster : 

" From Sir Henry Wallop to the Earl of Leicester " 

CIohvicU 10th April 1583 

"The first of this month the Countess of Desmond sub- 
mitted herself to the Lord General, here is a bruit that 

122 The Last Gcraldyn Chief of 

Desmond himself should come hither in two or three daics 
upon a protection. John Lacy who came lately out of 
England having licence to deale with the Earle his master 
concerning his submission, at his coming pleaded him to 
submitt himsclfe simplie to her majestie : s mercy, and in 
manifestacion to yield himselfe to the Lord General. The 
first part of his spceche the Earle heard with patience, but to 
the second he bade " avaunt Churle .' with other opprobrious 
wordes saying alsoe, " Shall 1 then yielde myself e to a Butler 
mine ancient and knozune enetnie ? No ! if it were not for 
those English dairies that he hath at eoni'uaud, I would 
drinke allc their bloode as I would warm mi Ike .' The late 
overthrow he gave the Butlers being as the countrie saith 
six to one causeth him so to insult against them." 

To the same effect are all the advices from all quarters 
showing the disposition of his affairs and the close pur- 
suit which followed him. From the State Paper Office 
we select the following which brings us down almost to 
the day of his death : — 

Earl Ormond to Earl Burleigh. 

"June iS, 1583. The unhappy wretch the Earl of Des- 
mond wandercth from place to place forsaken of all men ; 
the poore Countess lamenteth greatlie the follie of her 
husband whom reason could never rule." 

Same to Same. 

" From the Campe at Newcastle in Connilloe. June 22. 
Desmond is forsaken of all his followers saving a priest two 
horsemen a kerne and a boy." 

From the Council of Munster to the Privy Council. 

"July 19th. Desmond wecpes like a child over the loss of 
his men, he hath nothing but by stelthe." 

Tralce Castle. 123 

Lord Roche to Earl of Ormond. 

" Desmond hath been on the borders of Sliabh Loughra. 
My men overtooke the Earl's chaplain tooke their bags, 
bottles, four oxen and other stuflfe. Desmond and his 
followers narrowly escaped with their life." 

While such " advices " of the Earl's condition and 
sentiments were reported to his adversaries, it is scarcely 
wonderful that all the submission and sorrow expressed 
in the following letter should have availed little to avert 
his fate : — 

11 Desmond to Ormond, $fh Jane 1583." 

" My Lord, — Greate is my griefe when I thinke how 
heavilie her Majestie is bent to dishonour mee, and howbeit 
I carry that name of an undutifulle subjecte, yet Godknoweth 
that my harte and minde are most lowlie inclined to serve 
my most loving prince : so it may please her Highncsse to 
remove her heavy displeasure from me. As I maie not con- 
demn myselfe of disloyaltie to her Majestie, so can I not 
expresse myselfe but must confess that I have incurred her 
Majesties indignacion, yet when the cause and means which 
were found and which caused me to committ folly shall be 
known to her Highness I rest in assured hope, that her 
most gracious Majestie will both think of me as my harte 
deserveth, and also of those that wronge me into undutiful- 
ness as their cunning devices meriteth. From my harte I 
am sorrie that follic, bad counsel, streights, or anie other 
thinge, hath made me to forget my dutie, and therefore I am 
desirous to have conference with your Lordship to the end 
that I may declare to you how tyrannouslie I was used. 
Humbly craving, that you will please to appoint some place 
and tyme where and when I may attend your Honour, and 
then I doubt not to make it appear how dutieful a minde I 
carry ; how faithfully I have at myne owne charge served 

1 24 The Last Geraldyn Chief of 

her Majestic before I was proclaimed ; how sorrowful! I am 
for myne offences, and how faithfull I am affected ever here- 
after to serve her Majestic "And soe I commit: your 
Lordship to God, the fifth of June 1583. Subscribed, 

" Gerott Desmond." 

After observing that — " it does not appear whether this 
conference was ever granted," (there is little doubt that 
it was not,) Curry proceeds in his cursory yet partial way 
to say : — " We only know." and here he refers to Carte's 
Ormond Vol 1, " that Kelly of Morierta, of whom the 
Earl of Ormond had taken assurance of his fighting 
against the rebels, with twenty-five of his Kerne did in 
the night time assault the Earl of Desmond in a cabin 
deserted of all his friends." This summary gives a very 
inaccurate and unfair colouring to the incidents of the 
final catastrophe to which we are now approaching, and 
which we shall describe from documents the authenticity 
of which cannot be questioned : but before we do so, 
we may as well give our readers a sketch of the scene of 
the transactions which follow. 

Among the districts of our county which now lie 
denuded and desolate, but which in former times were 
clothed with natural wood and coppice is that long dreary 
tract ranging from Blennerville towards Brandon moun- 
tain. To this day the stools of holly and copsewood of 
oak, hazel, and birch, still surviving the destructive bite 
of browsing cattle, mountain sheep and goats — and 
though not allowed to grow, putting forth their shoots 
annually, attest the vigour with which they formerly 
flourished in the wood of Doiremore, now corrupted to 
Derrymore, while some gigantic trees yet remaining in the 

Trakc Castle. 


holly wood of KUlballylahiffe'* further to the west, afford 
proof that if proprietors would only afford common pro- 
tective play, nature would quickly again clothe itself in 
the becoming dress of a natural forest without asking the 
aid of a " nursery man." This wooded district was during 
the Desmond wars, and long after, approachable from 
Tralee only by a ford over Tramore, (i.e. the big strand) 
the new bridge, as the bridge at Blennerville is even still 
sometimes called, was not then nor for many years after 
in existence. Whether the old Tramore ford was at the 
spot where the bridge has been erected, or on the firmer 
sands further down towards Tralee Spa, is not certain, 
but the ancient name of Blennerville, (before the late 
Sir Rowland Blennerhassett made it his residence and 
elevated it into a village called after his name,) being 
CaJiirmoreaitn i.e. the cahir on the great river, renders 
it probable that the passage was there, and that a ferry 
house or some such place was the nucleus round which 
the hamlet originally grew. 

The unfortunate Earl of Desmond routed from near 
Kilmallock while he and his followers were u feasting on a 
stolen horse !" and closely hunted by his pursuers, was 
known to be lurking in the woods about Slieve Luachra 
and towards "the Dingell," where as yet no sufficient 

* Bingham writing in 15S0 to Walsingham says : — "There are 
two notable places which the rebels give forth they will fortitie that 
do lye in the bay of Tralee, the one Ls called Bongoinder the other 
Killballyluthe winch places are naturally very strong as I doe 
leamc." Archdeacon Rowan considered that the ancient name of 
Boingoinder bad been altered to "Camp" a townland on the road 
from Trake to Castle Gregory. When clothed with holly and 
birch woods it must have been a place well fitted for a strong mili- 
tary position, an "Alma " (says the Archdeacon) "in miniature." 

126 TJie Last Geraldyn Chief of 

garrison had been placed since his followers had sacked 
and burnt it. This absence of any adequate force in the 
peninsula of Corcaguiny allowed the Earl to make forays 
in the district with impunity : and for some time he con- 
tinued to levy contributions upon the inhabitants, " chiefly 
upon those who had placed themselves under English 
protection." At last, in an evil hour, in the early part 
of November 1583, he sent his marauders to bring him a 
prey from " Cahir-ni-Fahye " which I discover to be a 
farm in the heart of the tillage district of the " Magha- 
rees," the only spot in it according to my guide which 
"could rear a bawn of cows." From this farmstead 
Desmond's men made a clean sweep of "forty cows, 
ninecoppuls, (horses) with "household stuffe," and "strip- 
ped the owner his wife and children naked," a fact 
which even O'Daly the most partial of Geraldine chroni- 
clers confesses and condemns. It is not very clear what 
the name of the plundered man was, popular tradition 
inaccurately tells us that the prey was driven from a 
widow, some speak of Moriarty, and some of O' Kelly, 
as the actual slayer of the Earl while Curry makes a 
jumble of both and speaks of " O'Kelly of Moriertha" 
as if the second name were a territorial designation. This 
confusion and uncertainty arises from dealing with Irish 
names without knowledge of their complications and 
intricacies, all that seems to us certain is, that the plun- 
dered man was named "Maurice Mac Owen" or "Maurice 
the son of Owen." He may have been himself a Mo- 
riarty, and was undoubtedly brother in law to Owen 
Mac Donell O'Moriertagh to whose deposition we have 
before referred, and we now give the document at length, 

Tralcc Castle. 12 J 

as a relation of the slaying of the Great Earl the accuracy 
of which there seems no reason to question, for the date 
of the paper being within sixteen days of the events 
deposed to, appears some security for the correctness of 
this very natural narrative : — 

"£f)r (Fiamuiatton of ©torn /tlar Donm'I <D jllorintagf) 
tafcrn 26ifj flobcmfirr 1583 of tbc manner ant) Discourse 
fjoto tfjf C?arlr of Drsmontr toas pursued anti slaijnc." 

(From a Volume in Black Letter, A.D. 1 584.) 

" On Saturday 9th of this November, the Earle left the 
woods near the Island of Kerrie (Castle Island) and went 
westward beyond Tramore to Doiremore (Derry More) 
Wood near Bonyonider, from whence he sent two of his 
horsemen with eighteen kernes to bring him a preye ; they • 
went to Cahirnafahye and there took a preye of Maurice 
Mac Owen brother-in-law of Deponent, forty cowes, nine 
coppuls with household stufte, and stripped naked the said 
Maurice his wife and children. The preyers to terrify the 
people from making pursuite gave oute that the Earle and 
the rest of his companye were close at hand. Maurice Mac 
Owen sent word to Lieutenant Stanley at Dingell,to Deponent 
and his brother Donill Mac Donill of the taking of the 
preye : whereupon Deponent and his brother Donill having 
word sent them from Lieutenant Stanley to pursue, and 
track out the preye, and to call to their ayde the Ward ot 
Castle-Mang, set forward being fourteen proper Kernes in 
companie. He obtained five souldiers from the Constable of 
Castle-Mang, and came up with the others on the mountain 
of Slicvc-Misse j they arrived at Tray ley on Sunday even- 
ing, hoping to overtake the preye before it could pass the 
Strait of Tramore : there they discovered the track, going 
eastward to Slicve LuacJira. Whereupon, the souldiers 

128 The Last Geraldyn Chief of 

from Castle Mang sent after the track declared they would 
proceed no further, but Deponent promised them " two 
beeves of the prey "' if they succeeded in recovering it. The 
men agreeing, the party went forward, and the track was 
followed by daylight to Ballyore, and by moonlight toward 
Glamiageeiitie at Slicve LougJtra, when the Deponent and 
his elder brother got up above the glenne to view whether 
they might see anie fire in the woode, or heare anie stirre, 
and having come to the heighte over the glin they saw a 
fire underneath them. Donnil went to spy and returned 
reporting there were some persons there, but no cattel ; they 
agreed to wait until the preye was found with them. In the 
dawning of the day on Mundaye, the nth of November, 
they put themselves in order to set upon the traytors in their 
cabins ; this examinate with his brother Donnil with their 
kerne broke the foreward, (went first) and appointed the soul- 
diers to kecpe the rereward, saving that one Daniel (J Kelly, 
a souldier, which had but his sword and target stood in the 
forewarde with them ; they all making a greate cryc entered 
the cabbin, where the Earle lay, and this Deponent ran round 
throwe the cabbin after the Earle's companie which fledde 
to the woode, and at his return backe to the cabbin doore, the 
Earle being stroken by one of the companie by whom cer- 
tayne hee knoweth not, (but that alle the footemenne and 
souldiers were together within the cabbin.) hee discovered 
himselfe sayinge, " I am the Earle of Desmond .' Save my 
lyfe /" To whom this Deponent answered, — "thou hast 
killed thyself long agone, and noue thou shalt be prisoner to 
the Queen's Majestic and to the Earl of Ormonde, Lord 
Gcnerall of Munster." whereon this Deponent took him by 
his arme being cutte, and willed the Earle to make spcede 
else they would carrye awayc his headc seeing the traytours 
drew very neare to have him rescued. Whereupon Donnil 
Mae Donnil sayde, " I will carry him on my backe awhile 
and so shall every one of you;" Donnil carried him a good 
while and being weary he put him ofTe, the traytors being at 
hande all the companie refused to carry him anie further 

Tralcc Castle. 129 

considering the eminent danger they stood in, the traytours 
drawing ncarc. Whereat this Deponent willed the souldier, 
Daniel CPKelly, to cut off the Erie's head for that they could 
not apply to fight and to carry him away, to whose direction 
Kelly obeyed, drawing out his sword and striking off the 
Erie's head, which they brought to Castle Mang to be kept 
there, till they were ready to take it to the Lord General. 
Daniel OKelly being examined testified to the above 
narrative, and stated that he himself wounded the Erie in 
the cabbin. Saide before the Right Honourable the Erie of 
Ormonde, the Bishop of Ossory and the Sovereign of 

This plain and precise narrative delivered by one of 
the actors in the tragedy so soon after it occurred, seems 
preferable to the "second hand" stories of later writers. 
The "Annals of the Four Masters" a.d. 1583, do not 
differ from it in any essential particular ; they speak 
indeed as if the transaction took place " along the River 
Mang," and they make mention of a woman and two 
boys as the only persons with him, but these are dis- 
crepancies not more than might be expected from persons 
unacquainted with the locality and writing some time 
after the events had occurred. 

The last Earl of Desmond was not buried with his 
fathers ; he was laid however with those of his name and 
lineage. In a mountain defile running eastward through 
the townland of Cordel above Castleisland — which in 
former days was an important pass into O'Keefe's coun- 
try — stands the fortalice of Ardnagragh built to com- 
mand and defend it ; and lower down the stronger and 
more important castles of Kilmurry and Lally-Mac- 
Quodam, all strongholds garrisoned by gentlemen of the 
Fitzgerald name and race relatives and retainers of the 

130 Tralce Castle. 

great Earl. In the throat of this defile, lies a little grave- 
yard which seems to have been a peculiar and appro- 
propriated burying place of the Geraldines, for the church 
and general burial ground of the parish of Kilmurry lies 
in the lowland immediately below, and the title of Kil- 
na-n-onaim or the " Church of the Name," verifies the 
tradition that up to a late period no one who did not 
bear the name of Fitzgerald had ever been interred there. 
To this lonely spot, his sorrowing adherents, after as 
Smith says "eight weeks hiding," conveyed the decapitated 
body of the great Earl and buried it. Wq however doubt 
the length of this delay for which there seems no reason, 
but rumour has it that within this century a stone coffin 
was exhumed in this churchyard said to have contained 
the remains of the once mighty chief of Desmond. 
This relic of former days no longer exists having been, 
if report may be credited, broken up by the modern 
Goth who found it for the lime kiln, an act of gratuitous 
mischief in a district where limestone is abundant. The 
Desmond remains may possibly have been kept unburied 
until his vassals could provide for him this last poor 
mark of fallen greatness, and in Glaunageentha wood 
the peasants still show a small recess, by the side of a 
hollow road near the spot, where tradition afhrms his 
head to have been struck oft", in which it is supposed that 
the body lay until the " Fitzgeralds of Ardnagragh " came 
by night and removed it to their own burial place. 

A. 13. Rowan. 

Cfje TBIacfe Carl's IRaiD. 

3.D. 1580. 

(Kerry Magazine, October, 1856.) 

>;^ipS£*5 HE Erie of Ormonde, being Lord Governour 

|/\S)Cr of Munster, never slept his time but was 

-a ^X*^ alwaies in readinesse being the firste with 

t^j r^i? the foremost and the last with the hinder- 
^3^4so^M most. His Lordship minding to follow a 
piece of service divideth his companie into two partes, the 
one he took himselfe and took the waie of " the island," and 
the other he appointed to go directly to Traleiagh, and there 
they met and divided their companies into three partes, and 
so marched to Dingel-a-Cush ; and as they went they drove 
the whole countrie before them into the Ventrie, and by that 
means they preyed and tooke alle the cattell in the countrie 
to the number of eight thousand kine, besides horses, garrons, 
shepe, and gotes, and alle such people as they met they did 
without mercie putte to the sworde. By this means the 
whole countrie having no cattel, nor kine left, they were 
driven to such extremities that for wante of vittels they were 
either to die for famine or to die under the sword. 

(Hooker's Chronicle, A.D. 1580.) 

How came that deep furrow mark visible still 
Where gorsc, broom, and fern wave high on the hill ? 
Ask yonder aged peasant, he'll tell you 'twas made 
Ere the country was swept by the Thiekn.v Duvh's raid. 

And what mean those moss'd stones where crouches the hare ? 
Here never rose fabric for strength or for prayer,- — 
Twos a hamlet they tell you whose rude stunes were laid 
While the land was in peace ere the Thierxa Drvn's raid. 

132 The Black EarP s Raid. 

The Thif.kna Duvn's raid ! — they remember it yet, 
How deeply past wrongs in the memory are set, 
Good seems written in water, while suffering or crime 
Leave traces behind to endure for all time. 

That old peasant's word brings the period again 
When war swept the district, o'er mountain and glen ; 
Then sit we awhile in this crumbling wall's shade 
While I tell you the tale of the Ti-iierxa Duvh's raid. 

There are war ships on sea, there are war cries on land, 
"Where the holy flag flies o'er St. Mary- Wick's strand ; 
Through Munster's broad border rides Marshal, runs scout, 
This calls Celt-man to aid, that calls Saxon to rout. 

Though the war rumour grows, still on Letteragh's plain 
The herds graze securely, the serf gathers grain, 
And the Dangan's thrift merchant unpillaged his shelf 
Still trades unmolested and pockets his pelf. 

All is culture and plenty, befitting the name 

Which tells through the province the fertile land's fame, 

But in all the rich barony now soon to cease 

As the terrors of war mar the blessings of peace. 

For he comes that Black P1\rl ! resistless as fate 

In his hand the State Sword — in his heart boiling hate, 

And Desmond's retainers this lesson must read 

That when Chiefs are at feud — 'tis the Vassals who bleed. 

His hosts are all gathered, the cordon is set 
Strong and close are the meshes — wide stretches the net — 
As it sweeps the doomed district its progress thus traced 
All before as a garden ! — behind as a waste ! 

Their course is unsparing and searching as fire 
Leaves nor sheaf in the barn, nor hoof in the byre, 
While hymning their triumph in concert combine 
The wild wail of woman with lowing of k'me. 

The Black Earl's Raid. 133 

His troops they press onward with disciplined tramp 
They have forced the strong leaguer and fortress at Camp, 
Pursuit never slackens, till darkness cries halt 
Where the hollywood thickets o'erhang Glaunagaidt. 

With dawning the Raid recommences again 

Sweeping Highland and Lowland, strath, hill-side and glen 

The peasants before them despairing are driven 

No help nor appeal for their wrongs save in Heaven ! 

Resistance can't stay them, nor plunder retard, 

They desolate Stradbally, sweep by Mi)iard, 

They drive the Knight's deer-chase his fair " Grove" to win 

And harry the Rices of Ballingolin. 

The wealth of a barony plundered and riven 
To the Sassenagh's stronghold at Fionntragh is driven, 
While the poor plundered natives in helpless distress 
Learn to stay nature's cravings with shamrock and cress. 

The Raid is accomplished — the war wave rolls back, 
Smoking embers and blood prints are left on its track, 
And long the scared mother her infant will tame 
By the terrors attached to the Thierna Duvh's name. 

On the hill side moss steals o'er the dwellings of men, 
Where late waved ripe corn, brown heath grows again, 
And furrows untouched ever since by the spade, 
To this hour tell the tale of the Black Earl's raid ! 

Man most heeds the master whose scourge leaves a scar 
And none so prize peace as the sufferers in war, 
And through centuries still tho' the land has had rest 
The war seam shows deep on our hills of the west. 

Raze Castle or mansion — 'tis stone, lime and sand, 
A year will rebuild it, few more re-stock land ; 
Cut down the tall forest, its copse springs again, 
But when is a wasted land plenished with men ? 

134 The Black Earl's Raid. 

Oh well sang our poet ! — a breath makes a knight, 

Princes, lords, rise and foil have their bloom and their blight, 

But once let a country's strong peasant life die 

And there comes a blank — but oh ! when the supply ? 

And thus when the heather waves high on the hill 
Old furrows unlevclled and visible still 
Tell the talc of a district laid waste and decayed, 
When swept by the scourge of the " JjlafU <ParI'S Kai'U." 

A. B. Rowan. 




Ctalce of tfjc Denngg, 

(Kerry Magazine. September, 1854.) 

rf&r7f<^§. N an early number of this Magazine we gave 
/2A, ttIlt? the brief note* (8th March 1586-7,) in 
^ SL* which Sir Thomas Norreys announced to 
&£H^^ Lord Burleigh that he "had delivered 
Tralee to Mr. Dennye." No doubt that delivery was 
equivalent to giving the fortunate grantee seizen of that 
rich and large portion of the Desmond forfeiture of 
which Tralee Castle was the exponent and it will not be 
uninteresting to trace and record from public documents 
and private sources the several concurring causes which 
introduced the Dennys to this fair possession which they 
have since held for nearly three hundred years and which 

* "Mr. Thomas Norreys to Lord Burglcigh and the Council/ 
from Corke, Sth A/arch, 15S6-7. 

" Right Honorable — My duty premised I have received your 
" Honour's letter concerning Mr. Dennye to whom I have delivered 
" the possession of Trdc as your Honours assigned, 
" Your Honour's most humble 

at commandment 

Thomas Norreys." 

136 Tralee of the Dennys. 

with its prosperous shire town, rich lowlands, picturesque 
mountain ranges and sea coast advantages forms one of 
the best circumstanced estates of its class to be found in 
the county of Kerry if not in the South of Ireland. 

Sir Edward Denny, Knight Banneret, the founder of 
the Irish line, was second son of Sir Anthony Denny, of 
the Privy Chamber of Henry VIII, and one of the 
Executors to his will, who as a quaint historian tells us 
"alone of all his courtiers was bold and faithful enough 
to acquaint him truly with his dying condition to dispose 
his soul for another world." Sir Anthony Denny to 
whom his master according to the epitaph of his poetic 
friend the Earl of Surrey, 

" Near place, much wealth, great honour eke, him gave " 

left his large possessions to his eldest son Henry, whose 
son being created Lord Denny and Earl of Norwich, 
early in the reign of James the First, left an only daughter 
bestowed by James as the richest "heiress of the time " 
upon his prodigal favourite Hay, Earl of Carlisle, by whose 
profusion her estate was dissipated to the winds. 
Edward Denny, second son of Sir Anthony, was left with 
a younger son's portion and a younger son's address to 
push his fortune at Court, and to avail himself of the 
high and influential connections of his House and family 
there. We first find traces of him in public employment 
as "Receiver General of the Counties of Southampton, 
Wilts, and Gloucester :" there is among the collection of 
the British Museum (Lansdowne M.S.S. No. 44-58,) an 
account rendered by him in that capacity and endorsed 
by Lord Burleigh, but, though the document is carefully 

Tralee of t lie Dcnnys. 137 

preserved, the contents from time and damp are quite 
illegible. Edvvard Denny, however, soon exchanged his 
civil employment for a military command in Ireland, it 
seems likely, from a passage hereafter extracted from his 
correspondence, that he took this step by the Queen's 
direct suggestion and it is certain that he entered on his 
new position with all the advantages Court favour could 
give a young aspirant. Burleigh, the Prime Minister, was 
his near connection by the marriage of the Earl's daughter, 
Lady Anne Cecil, with his namesake and nephew, 
Edward Lord Denny : Sir Francis Walsingham, the able 
Secretary of State to Elizabeth, was his cousin-german on 
the father's side, as were also, maternally, Water Raleigh, 
and John and William Chapman, the original grantees of 
the large Kerry Estates now possessed by the Earl of 
Cork and families deriving under him. All these young 
kinsmen took service together in the Desmond wars under 
the leadership of Arthur Lord Grey of Wilton, Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, whose sister was married to Edward 
Denny's eldest brother Henry. Under these favourable 
auspices the founder of the Irish branch of the Denny 
family entered on his military career ; and as the same 
quaint historian (Fuller) tells us was dubbed a knight 
banneret upon the field of battle, and " by God's favor, 
Queen Elizabeth's bounty, and his own valour, achieved 
a fair estate in the County of Kerry in Ireland, at this day 
enjoyed by his descendants." The first and probably 
principal service of Sir Edward Denny was at the siege of 
Fort del-ore, before mentioned, where he attended Lord 
Grey in the command of a company, and obtained 
honourable mention in that nobleman's despatch to the 

138 Tralce of the Deiniys. 

Queen, giving an account of the capture of the fortress. 
From the document which lies in the State Paper Office, 
and is very precise and voluminous, we extract the fol- 
lowing — 

"The same aftcrnoone (7th Nov. 1580) we landed our 
artillerie and munition, in the evening Ave fell to our 
work, carried our trenche within XIIII score of the 
piece, and planted two culverins, with which next morn- 
ing, according upon daie, we saluted them ; and they 
for an hour or two as fully requited us. until two of their 
best pieces at last taken away they had not on that side 
but musquets and hackebusses to answer us, which, with 
good heate, plyed us with. The day so spent at night 
we falle to agayne, and by morning brought our trench 
within V score of their ditch, This night they gave four 
sallies to have beaten our labourers from work, and gave 
them vollies very gallantly, but were as gallantly set in 
againe by Ned Dennye and his company, who had this 
night the watch. Noo sooner daye peeped but they 
played very hotly upon us ; yet, as God would, for a 
good time without hurte, until unhappilee good John 
Cheke too carelessly advancing himself to looke over the 
trench, struck on the hede, tumbled down at my fete, 
dead I tooke him for, and so caused him to be carried 

There are among the "State Papers" some letters 
from Edward Denny himself addressed, on his Erst land- 
ing in Ireland, to his cousin Walsingham which, with 
great devotion to his kinsman, also express much discon- 
tent at the prospects of service in this country, from 
which we extract a passage as follows by which it would 
appear that he took service in Ireland by the Queen's 
express desire, — 

Tralcc of the Denny s. 139 

" Vour Honour may well remember her Majestie's discontent 
for my charge of one hundred,— I confess my utter want and 
little worth touching the consideration of a souldier, Notwith- 
standing were some of the captains of as great charge as myself 
thorowlie scann'd, I would hope, both in description and vaiour 
to perform in equal sort with them, — concerning no greter 
matter than the charge of one hundred, I shall thereof have 
care, minding never to scant my number if I can get men, or to 
deceive any one of a jot of his due. I find alreadie my Irland 
journey will rather decaie me quite, than amend me in any- 
thing, and for this kind of service it is so graceless, so devoid of 
reputation — in respect of the service never seen ; but it happens 
still in boggs, glinnes, and woods, as in my opinion it might 
better fit mastives ! than brave gentlemen that desier to win 
honour. So that I conceive neither good will at home, com- 
moditie here, nor reputation be gotten. — Were it not for the 
love I bear Lord Grey, all things considered, as myself hath 
well scanned and determinatelie set down, I see no good caus, 
as I would rather live in miserie and bondage elsewhere, than 
command and live free here. Dubelin, 8th September 15S0." 

This passage must have been written about the time 
when his patron, Lord Grey had experienced a remark- 
able defeat in an attack upon the O'Byrnes of Wicklow, 
in which, following them too closely into their fastnesses, 
some of his best officers had fallen by an inglorious death 
in the woods and glens. Captain Denny however found 
more " commoditie" and opportunities of reputation in the 
expedition to Fort-del-ore, which was immediately after 
undertaken by the Lord Deputy— doubtless not without 
the view to retrieve his former discomfiture. This expedi- 
tion in its result found Sir Edward Denny a knight, created 
on the field of honor, with honorable mention of his 
name in the ;i Dispatches," and with a claim established 
upon a fair portion of the Desmond forfeitures, whenever 
the war should be brought to a successful termination. 

140 Tralee of the Dainys. 

When Sir Thomas Norreys delivered Tralee Castle to 
Sir Edward Denny it was in a ruinous condition, and, in 
point of fact, it is proved by documents of the time that 
the first residence of the family in Kerry was at the 
Manor of Carrignafecly to the eastward of Tralee ; and 
that the " Great Castel " lay in the ruins to which it was 
reduced by the Desmond wars, until a late period in the 
reign of James the First, when the repair was undertaken 
by Edward Denny the grandson of Sir Edward the first 

By his letters patent Sir Edward Denny was empowered 
and appointed to "gather and collect the rentes and 
duties due to Her Majestie within his Signorie," These 
rents were some of them " impositions wrongfully exacted 
of the tenants by the Earl of Desmond, as they alleged 
and more than they were accustomed to have paid ;" 
others consisted of" composicion beeves and other rents 
and duties, which by reason of the povertie of the 
countrie for the most part lying w r aste and unoccupied, he 
could not by any means collecte ; " — the result of which 
was that, by the 45th year of Elizabeth (1594), the 
patentee stood indebted to Her Majesty's Exchequer in 
the enormous sum of ;£i,6Si and 3d. sterling, and was 
obliged to make his appeal to the Queen's Council 
against the ruinous hardships of his case ; — which appeal 
produced an instruction to the Lord Deputy and Privy 
Council of Ireland that " processe awarded against him 
for these greate somes be staid and that he maie be 
charged no further with these rentes than what he had 
already paid." 

Sir Edward Denny, Banneret, predeceased his royal 

Tralce of the Denny s. 141 

mistress, and may be said to have died prematurely in 
the end of the sixteenth century and the 52nd year of 
his age. Some other particulars of his Irish history may 
find place in future papers — this must conclude with the 
record of his death, as extracted from the Register of 
Waltham Abbey in Essex where he lies buried ; and the 
quaint epitaph which marks the stately tomb erected to 
his memory in the south chancel aisle, by the " pitie of 
his lady " who long survived him : — 

"Waltham Abbey Register a.d. 1599." 

"Sir Edward Dennye, Knighte, the Elder, was buried the 
XIII I daie of Februarie — Anno ut supra." " An epitaph upon 
the deathe of the Right Worthie Sir Edward Dennye, Knighte, 
son of the Righte Honorable Sir Anthony Dennye, Councillor 
of State, and Executor of King Henry the VIII, and Joan 
Champernoune his wife, who being of Queen Elizabeth's Privie 
Chamber, and one of the Counsel of Munster in Irelande was 
Governor of Kerrye and Desmond, and Colonel of certain Irish 

forces there. Departed this life about the 53d yeare of his 

age, the XIIII of February 1599. 

Here is offered to the viewe and consideracion of the discreete 
reader a spectacle of pietie and pitie, y e pitie kindlie proceeding 
from a virtuous ladie the daughter of Pierce Edgecombe, of 
Mount Edgecombe, Esq. and some time Maide of Honour to 
Queen Elizabethe, hath, out of meane fortune, but no meane 
affection, produced this monument dedicated to the remem- 
brance of her deare husband. The pietie must inwardly be 
conceived in the person of the dead carkasse here interred, cutte 
offe like a pleassunte fruite before perfect ripenesse. This 
worthie knight here represented — religious, wise, juste, liberal, 
righte valliant, most active, learninge's friende, pride's foe, . 
kindlie lovinge, much beloved,— was honoured with dignitie ot 
knighthood by due descrte in the fielde, in which Bed of 
Honoure he willinglie would have ended his daies, — but it 
pleased his must merciful Redeemer to bringe him to his grave 

142 Tralee of the Denny s. 

in Christe's peace, yet so far condescended to his honorable 
desire, that in his countrie's service he took his deadlie sickness. 
If the times (more happily flourishinge under gratious Astrcea) 
had been answerable to his heroieal designe, without alle doubte, 
he could not but have had (accordinge to the strange Italian 
proverbe) " his beake greater than his winge." Finallie refer 
inquisitive searches into mennes faime to the true report even of 
the moste malicious, and I recommende the gallant patterne of 
his life, together with the repentant patience, and assured faythe 
at the point of deathe to his own and alle posterite." 

This long inscription in the quaint Euphuistic language 
of the time is inscribed on a tablet at the back of a 
handsome recessed altar-tomb monument (now fast ruin- 
ing) in the Abbey Church of Waltham in Essex, upon 
which recline the effigies of a male and female figure ; to 
one of the small marble pillars of the tomb was attached 
{was but is not) a smaller slab with the stanza — 

"Learn, curious reader, 'ere you pass, 
What once Sir Edward Dennye was, — 
A courtier in the Chamber, 
A soldier in the fielde, 
"Whose tongue could never flatter, 
Whose hearte could never yielde.'" 

Upon the stone pillow beneath the head of the female 
figure is a now scarcely decipherable inscription from the 
Book of Job : — 

" All the daies of my appointed time 
Will I wait, until my change come." 

This plainly intimates that the Lady Margaret, Sir 
Edward's wife, though her effigy is on the monument, was 
living at the time of her husband's decease ; and, in fact, 
she awaited her great change in a state of widowhood for 

Tralee of the Denny s. . 143 

nearly fifty years afterwards, and was ultimately buried 
in the adjacent parish of " Bishop's Stortford " in Hert- 
fordshire, where one of her sons was settled, and another, 
a " Fellow of King's College Cambridge " was buried 
also. The Chancel of Bishop Stortford Church is full, to 
this day, of the monumental records and armorial bear- 
ings of Sir Edward Denny's son, and his collateral de- 
scendants the "Sandfords" and "Broomes," — and Lady 
Margaret's brass is still in perfect preservation near the 
Communion Table bearing the following — 

"Here lyeth interred, the truly honour'd, the Ladye Mar- 
garet Dennye, descended of the anciente familie of Edgecomb 
of Mount-Edgecomb in Cornwall. — A Mayd of Honor in ordi- 
narie to Queen Elizabeth, of blessed memory — then married to 
Sir Edward Dennye, Kt, Groom of Her Majesty's Privie 
Chamber, who departed this life, April 24, 1 648, aged 88 years, 
and in the 48 year of her widowhood." 

It does not appear that Sir Edward Denny ever was 
permanently settled in Ireland. — Arthur Denny Esq., his 
eldest son, was the first who appears to have established 
his residence in the country where his descendants have 
now been so long naturalized. 

A. B. Rowan. 

Dingle of tfje rpusscps. 

Journal of an Expedition to the Dingcll, A.D. 1580. 

Lymericke, July 22, A.D. 1580. 

Sk^ff^flfY singular good Lord, — I do here send your Lord- 
\\^yj 11 ship a diary of our late journey in Munster, 

•-A /' Jl B ^ rom our ftrst settin S fortn from Lymericke until 
t^fJL$L our return thyther agayn ; and whence, from my 
last letter of the last of Maie, I promised to send your Lord- 
shippe a booke of all the houses, castells, and landes belong- 
ing to the Earldom of Desmond, and such as be in rebellion 
with him. It may please your Lordship to understand, that 
1 cannot as yet perform the same for want of good informa- 

The twelfth of June we set oute of Lymericke, with the 
whole armie, the Lord Justice taking his way to Askettyn 
(Askeaton) and the Erie of Ormond to Kylmallocke. The 
thirteenth my Lorde Ormonde marched from Kylmallocke, 
over Slieve-Ghyr, by the waie of the Viscount Roche's coun- 
trie, and camped that night three myles beyond Buttcvant, 
at a place called Lysgrifyn in Ownybaragh, a territory 
belonging to the Viscount Barry, having with him of his own 
force, 120 horscmenne, 100 Irish footmen. 210 shott on horse 

Dingle of the Husseys. 145 

back, and 3 bands of English footmenne, whereof were 
Captain St. George Bowser (a painful serviceable gentleman), 
Captain Makwoith, and Captain Dowdall, with a great 
number of caradg (carriages) which do greatly slow his 
service. The fourteenth my Lord Justice moved from 
Askettyn towards Aherlow, through the grete wood, where 
he founde some cattel, and camped that night within a mile, 
one of another. The fifteenth, the Viscount Roche, David 
Barry, sone and hcire to the Viscount Barn- 'his father being 
sicke) Mc Donough, O'Keeffe, and O'Kallaghan came to us 
with certain horsemenne and footmenne to whom we gave 
order that all the keriaghes (carriages) of the country should 
draw near our campe, as we wished to refresh us with vittaile 
(victuals) for our journey, promising that they should not be 
otherwise touched, and yet they durst not trust us, but fledde 
afar off. We removed and camped altogether that night in 
Mac Donough' s countrey called Dowally (Duhallow) by a 
river called the Brodewater, which falleth into the sea by 
Youghal. The contrie from east to west is xxiii miles 
longe, and xii miles brode, consisting of goodlie woodes 
faire rivers, and good arable land and pasture. In it there 
are of pety lords, under McDonough, O'Keefe, O'Kallaghan, 
and McAwlev, with whose powers and his own, he is able to 
make 400 footmen, xii horse, and 100 gallowglassc, and 
although that his country standeth on the hyther syde of the 
mountain of Slievelougher, yet the Earl of Clancarthy doth 
challenge (i.e. claim dominion over) him and his underlings, 
because they were originally some of the Mac Carthies. The 
sixteenth we geave streight commandment to the Viscount 
Barry's sonne, the Viscount Roche. Sir Cormoc Mac Teige 
Mac Donough, O'Keeffe, O'Kallaghan, and .Mac Auley, that 
they should have alle their force and keriages to the est of 
the contrie to interrupt the passage of the traytours, to and 
fro : the mountayns till our retorne, which they observed not, 
to the grct hindrance of the service, and their own trouble as 
your Lordship shall hereafter perceive. We then parted 


146 Dingle of the Husscys. 

companie, my Lord of Ormonde taking his course, with his 
force, over the mountayn of Slieveloghcr, one waie into the 
wylde mountainous contrie of Desmond, leving most of the 
keriagcs in the care of Mac Donough, as well to limit the 
traytours and their goodes, which now fled thyther, as also 
to bring with him the Erie of Clancartie, and the rest of the 
Lds of Desmond, of whom we stode much in doubt : and my 
Lord Justice, on whom I waited, marched towards Kerryc, 
through Mac Donough's contrie by his Castel of Kanturk, 
where the Lord Justice was met by Mac Donough's wife, a 
perty (pretty) comelye woman, sister to the now Countesse of 
Desmond, by another, who spake good English and enter- 
tayncd the Lord Justice the best waye she could, and camped 
that night at a place called Glanossyran {qn. Glaushcroon) 
adjoining to a faire river and grete wood. The seventeenth^ 
we marched towards the foot of the mountayn of Slcav- 
loghra, which beginneth at Bally-McAuley, and is fourteen 
myles over to the playnes of Kerry, in which passadge our 
carrages and horses stucke in, by the continual rayne 
which we have had, and that evening we descended from 
the mountayn into Kerry, we looked for and pitched our 
campe at a place within three myles of the Island of Kerry 
called Kilcushny. The horsemenne, which were in the 
northward, discovered a prey dryving from the plcyn 
betwixt the Island and Traly to Slcavelogher wood, 
and when word was brought to the Lord Justice, he, taking 
his 'horse, leaving the campe settled, accompanied only 
with myself, Mr. Spresor, and viii horsemenne, fol- 
lowed on the spur, commanding two bands of footmenne 
to march after, and a vi miles from our campe towards 
the heightc of the mountayns we overtooke xvee cowes of 
the Erie's proper dcry (dairy) of the Island, besides a 
number of small cattel which were stayed by Mr. John 
Zouch and his horsemenne. We took one of the drivers 
prisoner, who told us that they were the Erie's cattel, con- 
fessing also that if we had hanged in the mountayns but one 

Dingle of the Husscys. 147 

hour longer, from coming down so soon upon the pleyns, we 
had taken the Erie, the Countesse, and Saunders! lodged there 
where we Avere encamped, saying that he was so suddenly 
taken that he had no lcysor (leisure) to take his horse, but 
was lifted* up betwixt the gallowglasses of the Mac Swynies, 
and conveyed away by them into the woodes of Desmond ; 
and, for confermacion thereof, we took from them- ccrtayn 
1 cleeves ' (wicker baskets) wherein we found the Erie's pro- 
vision of aqua vita?, women's kerches (kerchiefs), Saunders' 
rych Spanish Preste's cloak, and for my porcion his " Sanctus 
Belle" and another toy after the manner of a crosse, sup- 
porting a booke, which I have sent your Lordship, with the 
remainder of them when you have done to Mistress Blanche. 
The soldiers found certain vestments and covers of calicoe, 
so near was the bad Erie, and his "Legate a latere" bested 
in his own Privie Chamber and Countye Palenteyne of 
Kerry ! Without this goode happe we had nothinge to feed 
us last night, and by this preye we had plentye of fleshe and 
milke, but neither bredc, wine, nor bere, the space of foure 
dayes. The soldiers felle a killinge of the calves, and the 
cowes felle in such a roaring for them, as they were like to 
have broken into our campe that night, and over run all our 
cabins. The eighteenth we went to view the Island, which 
is a high monstrous castel, of many roomes, but very filthye 
and full of caw-dung ! thence to Castel-Magne, where we 
camped that night, to the great comfort of the Ward, who 
was kept in close by the traytours, and a certain Sept of the 
Erie's followers, dwelling on the Reyver Mange, called the 
O'Moreartaghes (O'Moriarties). Thyther came there to us 
the Lord Fitz-Morrice, and his eldest son Patrick, with xvi 
horsemenne and gallowglasses, and xvi shott, well ap- 
pointed and victualled, and attendeth the Lord Justice to the 
Dingell and back agayn. The nineteenth, in our journey from 
Castel-Magne to the Dingell, which is xx miles off, we 
camped at a place which is near the Pay of Dingle, called 
" The Inch," where my Lord Justice and I did practyse our 

148 Dingle of the Husseys. 

best skyll to gather cockles for our supper. The twentyeth 
we came to the Dingcll, where Sir William Wynter, Captain 
Bingham, and Mr. Fowlke Greville came to us from abordc 
the Queen's shippes, which laye in the Bay of Dingel, a mile 
to the west of the Haven of Dingcll. A part of that daie we 
passed in reviewing both havens and the towne, and also in 
considering what place were fittest to fortify for defence of 
both, which, after a long debating between the Lord Justice 
and the Admiral, was agreed to be in the Haven of Ventrie ; 
they are both notable havens, and such as into which the 
greatest ships of charge may at all times enter. In the Irish 
Ventrie is called Coon Fynfra, which is almost as to saie 
" White Sand Haven," because the strand is white sand, full 
of white shells ; and Dingle Haven is called in the Irish 
Coon e daf deryck, which is almost to say " Red-ox-Haven," 
and took that name of the drowning of an ox in that haven, 
at the first coming over of the Englishmenne from Cornwall, 
which brought some cattel with them. We find the chiefest 
merchantes of the towne's houses rased, which were very 
strong before and built castel-wyse, — done by Sir John of 
Desmond, and the Knight of Kerrie, as they say, cursing him 
and Doctor Saunders as the root of all their calamities. 
The Burgesses were taken into protection by Sir William 
W'inter before our coming, to helpe buildinge the towne 
againe, whose names are those following, 

Bonvilles. Baileys. Skurlocke. 

Kieos als Knolls. Rices. Sleynes. 

Uorgetts. Teraunts. Angells and Goldings. 

One of the eldest of them told me that soone uppon the con- 
quest of Englishmen in Ireland, a gentleman named "De La 
Cousa" was lord of that town and buihlcd it, whose issue in 
manic years after finding the towne escheated to the House 
of Desmond, and by that reason it is called to this daye 
" Dingcll de Couse." The next daie being the twenty-first^ 

Dingle of the Husscys. 149 

we went to see the Forte of Smenvicke, five mylcs from the 
Dingell to the westward, accompanied by Sir William Wyntcr, 
Captain Bingham, and Mr. Greville. The thing itself is but the 
end of a rocke shooting out into the Baye of Smenvicke, under 
a long cape, whereupon a merchant of the Dingell, called 
Piers Rice, about a year before James Fitz-Maurice's landing, 
built a perty castel under pretence of gayning by the resort 
of strangers thythir a fishinge, whereas, in very truth, it 
was to receive James at his landinge, and because at that 
very instant tyme, a ship laden with Mr. Furbisher's ncwe 
found riches happened to presse upon the sandes near to the 
place, whose carcase and stones I saw lie there, carrying 
also in his mynde a golden imaginacion of the comingc of 
the Spaniards, called his bylding Doiun-owyr, which is as 
much as to say, " The Golden Downe." The ancient name 
of the Baye, in the Irish tongue, is the Haven of Ardcanny, 
compounded of these words Aid and Canny, and signifieth 
" Height," and " Canny," as derived from a certain devout 
man named Canutius, which upon the height of the cliffs, as 
appears at this day, built a little hermitage for himself to live 
a contemplative there, and so is it as much as to say 
" Canutius's Height ;" and afterwards by the Spaniards it 
was called Smerwicke, by what reason I know not. James 
Desmond did cut a necke of the rocke from the mainland, 
to make it the stronger, it lyeth equal with the maynlande, 
having a hole, with grete labour, digged into it, and to my 
measurement, it conteyneth but 40 foote in length, and 20 
for brode, at the brodest place, now all passed and judged by 
menne of skyll a place of noe strength. The whole ground 
whereof it is parcel, is a peninsula, within which the Knight 
of Kerry's house standeth, and is called "The Island of 
Ardcanny." We went then aborde the Queen's shippes, 
with some merrie scruple, whether the realme should be 
without a governor, whereas the Lord Justice was uponne 
the sea ; but hunger moved us to make a favourable con- 
struction of the lawe. We had grete entertainment on 

1 50 Dingle of the Husscys. 

boarde, and the Admiral and the reste of the Captains lente us 
of their stores to refresh our camp withafl, both byer (beer) 
and byskett for two dais, which we stretched to fower, and 
sent theyr pinnace to Castel-Mayne. After our coming from 
aborde, the Admiral shott off an ayre (discharge) of ordnance 
whereoff one dcmi-culverin in the stemme did flame, and 
therewith the master-gunners cabin brake out the side one 
grete piece of tymber, and like to have made fowle worke, 
bat God be thanked, no manne hurte, nor the ship brought 
out of plight to serve. All this while the Erie of Ormonde 
was over agaynst us in this journey through the mountayn of 
Desmond, towards Valentia, whose fyres we might discern 
from us by the baye, about ten miles over. The tivcnty- 
sccond, having well refreshed our soldiers, and agreed on the 
plan of fortifications, with other matters for answering the 
service both by sea and lande. we returned back to Castel- 
Mayne, camping that night at The Inch, beside the Baye of 
Dingell. I have forgotten to lett your Lordship understand, 
that the ships hath made themselves a sort of castel upon 
the shore, and hath their cattel passing about it, which they 
take from the natives by marching farre into the countrie. 
The twenty-third, we came to Castel-Magne where we found 
the pynance of the victuals at the Castel syde, and the 
master which guided her thyther, told my Lord Justice that 
he had sounded the channel, and durst undertake to bring a 
ship of c tons within a stone's cast of the castel ; and, truly, 
it is built on a notable place to rule both the counties of 
Kerry and Desmond, on both sydes of the River of Magnc. 
The twenty-fourth the Erie of Ormond came to us to Castel- 
Magne, in his route into Korke, bringing with him the 
Erie of Clancartie, O'Sullivan-Beare, O'Sullivan-More, 
O'Donoghuc-More, McFynin of the Kerrie, McDonogh, 
O'Keefe, O'Kallaghan, McAwlcy, and allc the rest of the L L 
of Desmond, except O'Donoghue of Glantlesk, which was 
with the tray tours. Manie of them do not obeye the Erie of 
Clincanic, and yet they came with the Erie of Ormonde, 

Dingle of the Husseys. 151 

without pardon or protection, whose credit is great among 
them ; and by whose example of loyaltie and faithfulnesse 
to her Majestic, they are greatlie drawne to theyr dutic, con- 
trarie to the pernicious persuasions that hath been used to 
them. They humbly submitted themselves, humbly acknow- 
ledging their dedes, and swearing fealtie and allegiance to 
her Majestie, with profession from thence forth devotedlie to 
serve her, after a dutiful fashion, by the Erie of Ormonde 
these brought a prey of iooo kyne, and slewe fower prin- 
cipal gentlemen of the Mac Fyneens and O'Sullivans. 

The twenty-sixth, after storing of Castle-Magne with victuals, 
we marched thence towards Corke, through part of Desmond, 
the Erie of Clancartie's contrie, and camped that night by the 
fayre river of Lawyn (Laune), between " The Palace," one of 
Clancartie's chiefe houses and Downelow (Dunlogh) a house 
of O'Sullivan-More's rased by the Erie of Ormond in the 
last warre of James Fitz-Maurice. The river hath in it many 
big muscles, where in are found many fayre perles. The 
twenty-seventh, we marched by the famous Lough Leyn, out of 
which the ry ver of Lowgen doth spring, and falleth into the sea 
beside Magne. The Logh is fulle of salmon, and hath in it 
eleven islands, in one of which (Innisfallen), there is an abbey 
in another a parish church, and in another (Rosse) a castel, 
out of which there came to us a fair lady the rejected wife of 
Lord Fitz-Maurice, daughter to the late McCartie-More 
(elder brother to the Erie). It is a circuit of twelve miles, 
having a faire plaine on one side, faire woodes and high 
mountaynes on the other side, thence we passed bv the 
entrie of Glanflesk, that " famous Spclunck," (Spelunca, 
hiding place), whereof the traytours make their chief fastnesse, 
and, finding neither people nor cattel there, we held on and 
camped that night in O'Kallaghan's countrie, by the river of 
Brode water which passeth by Youghal. The twenty-eighth 
we camped by the edge of Muskerry, in Sir Cormac Mac 
Teige's countrie. The twenty-ninth we marched to Corke, 
where the Maiour and citizens receive the Lord Justice after 

152 Diiiglc of the Husscys. 

their best manner. We met there with the wheat and malte 
which your lordship scnte for the provision of the army, to 
their grete comfort ; and here I must lettc your Lordship to 
understand, that your grete care and providence in sending 
hither of said shippes and good store is gretely commended, 
for it is gretely murmurred that the same is miserably misused 
and delayed by the victuallers and their ministers both before 
and after it comcth thyther, besydes the length of tyme ere 
it came. We camped before the cittie the space of fower dayes, 
during which tyme we entreated the citizens for the loan of 3 
or 4 LI (£3— 400), who, after many persuasions used to them, 
lent the Lord Justice c LI {£106) in money ; c LI (£100) of 
wynes ; and offered him another c LI (^ioo)'s worth of fishes, 
pork, and beofe (beef) and such other havings for the soul- 
diers, which, I assure your Lordship, was gretely pulled down 
with their journies and ill waies, ill wether, and grete want of 
brede (bread), whereof some dropt by the waie. They are 
able to endure alle this, if they had but bredde, the lack where- 
of is the only derthe here, and nought els. 

N. W. 

The foregoing Journal written by Nicholas White 
Master of the Rolls who accompanied Sir William 
Pelham, Lord Justice, from Limerick to Dingle to 
reconnoitre the strength of the foreign forces at Smer- 
wick was composed for the use of Lord Burleigh. The 
original can still be seen in the State Paper Office, 
London. At the time when it was written Dinale 
although much dilapidated and injured by the Desmond 
wars and separated from the interior of Ireland by a 
cordon of almost impassable mountains, bogs, and 
moors, where down to the eighteenth century the wolves 
roamed freely, was yet a town of considerable commer- 

Dingle of the Husscys. 153 

cial importance. A curious tract by John Dee author of 
the " Petty Navy Royall," a treatise on the best means 
of guarding and preserving from foreigners the fisheries 
on the FJnglish and Irish Coasts, alludes to Spanish 
merchants residing in Dingle in the fourteenth century, 
and Smith writing in 1756, notices the old houses then 
existing in the town built with "heavy stone balconies 
after the Spanish fashion and doors and window frames 
of marble." On one of these houses he adds is an 
inscription signifying that it was built by * * * * Rice, 
a.d. 1563, and on a stone beneath are carved two roses 
and the words "At y e Rose is y e best Wine." Spanish 
wine was probably cheap enough in the Dingell in those 
days and afterwards, when it passed into the possession 
of the Butler, although not quite so plentiful there 
perhaps, as in the opposite peninsula of Iveragh, where 
according to an MS. in the Irish Academy Collection a 
gallon of Xeres (popularly called the "King of Spain's 
daughter") was frequently bartered for a "fresh salmon 
or a green hide." 

There is an old tradition mentioned by Mr. Hitchcock 
in his interesting paper on " Dingle in the Sixteenth 
Century" in the Kilkenny Archaeological Journal, that 
the spot originally intended for the site of the town was 
a place called Cahirmullmm (i.e. the fort on the little 
hill) about four miles westward of it. But little or 
nothing is really known of the origin of Dingle and 
the imperfect evidence afforded by its old name has 
given rise to some discussion and difference of opinion 
in later times. Hie Four Masters call the town Dain- 
gean Ui Chuis, and on the strength apparently of this 

154 Dingle of the Husseys. 

passage (at least he gives us no other authority) 
O'Donovan says that the founder and owner of Dinele 
before the English invasion was a chieftain named 
O'Chuis, and that Daingean Ui Chuis meant the strong- 
hold or fortress of O'Chuis. Mr. Joyce in his valuable 
work on Irish names of places agrees in opinion with 
O'Donovan at least accepts his interpretation of the 
name. The ability of both these writers and their 
thorough knowledge of the Irish language give their 
opinions great weight, but as regards O'Donovan at 
least, the spirit of violent partisanship in which he writes 
on any question which affects, or seems to him to affect, 
the rival merits and glories of Celts and Saxons, makes 
it impossible to trust him as a safe historical guide. The 
mere fact that the Four Masters, whose spelling of names 
derived from the English is extremely incorrect, wrote 
Daingean Ui Chuis does not of itself prove the truth of 
O'Donovan's assertion, and yet he brings no other 
evidence in support of it. Indeed even in the case of 
purely Irish words O'Clery's spelling is not to be relied 
on, as Doctor Todd in his learned and interesting 
preface to the "Wars of the Gaedhil with the Gaill" 
(Roll's Publication Series,) observes — "It was unfortu- 
nately the custom of the Irish scribes to take liberties 
with the works they transcribed, to gratify their patrons 
and chiefs and to flatter the vanity of their clan." The 
Four Masters, Doctor Todd adds, " frequently omitted 
what would offend their patrons and the Church" and 
this seriously deteriorated the value of their great work. 
Mr. O'Donovan may have had in reserve indisputable 
proof of the existence of an O'Chuis clan in or around 

Di?2gle of the Husscys. 155 

Dingle before the English invasion, but those best 
acquainted with the place know that no trace of such a 
name is to be found amongst its inhabitants now, while it is 
as certain that the Husseys were settled in Corcaguiny 
before the fall of the Desmond, as it is that they remain 
there to the present day. 0*Heerin's Topography written 
in the fourteenth century which only notices the Celtic 
chiefs and tribes makes the O'Falveys the aboriginal 
owners of Corcaguiny : — 

" From Mang westward is the estate 
Possessed by OTalvey as far as Yentry 
Without dispute an extensive land 
Was obtained by O'Shea Lord of Iveragh." 

The cordon of wild mountains around the little town 
of Dingle did not deter the Anglo-Norman or English 
invaders from reaching it, and even penetrating to the ex- 
tremest limits of the region beyond washed by the Atlantic 
Ocean. A host of Le Bruns, De Clahulls, (Cliffords) 
Cantelons, Coterels, Cromylls (Cromwellsi) Husees or de 
La Husees, Teraunts, (Trants) Hubberts and Le Fureters 
followed the descendants of Maurice Fitzgerald into this 
wildest district of Kern-. In the curious old map of 
Ireland (preserved in the British Museum) by Abraham 
Ortel or Ortelius the celebrated geographer who visited 
Ireland about 1550, "Dinghen" occupies a conspicuous 
place, the Knight of Kerry being styled its lord, while at 
a little distance from it is marked " Castel Moore.'' The 
State Papers of the reign of Henry VIII published in 1S30 
contain some very curious old maps drawn in 1576. 
One of them entitled by the original designer a kt Ju>//^/i 

156 Dingle of the Musseys, 

Drag/it of Mounster" places a large castle with two 
towers at "Dingen de Cushc" (so runs the spelling,) 
having the Knight of Kerry's name inscribed over it, 
while dotted around the peninsula are the minor fortresses 
of Rahinane, Caslel Moore or More, Castel Minard, 
Castel Gallerus, Caer Trant and " Castel Sibell " or 
"Feryter's Castel." In the last century the learned 
Charles O'Conor of Belnagar published a map entitled 
" Ortelius improved," professing to give Ireland as it was 
divided among the principal Celtic and English families 
at the close of the seventeenth century. In the copy of 
this map which I have looked over in the British Museum 
Library only the names of Trant, Rice, Ferriter, and 
Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry, appear in Corcaguiny. In 
1846 O'Connellan and McDermott published with their 
translation of the Four Masters, an improved copy of 
Ortelius and of O'Connor's Map, giving the names of the 
chief proprietors of the Irish and English races from the 
twelfth to the sixteenth century, arranged from O'Heerin's 
Topographies and other good authorities. This map 
had a printed sheet attached to it explaining the descents 
of the different native tribes and the successive settle- 
ments of the island by Danes, Anglo-Normans and 
Englishmen. This sheet of explanatory matter contained 
also a suggestion that a coloured copy of the map should 
be made for circulation in a cheap form, which good 
suggestion appears to have been carried out, for the map 
which Mr. Trench obtained in 1S46 and published lately 
in his " Realities of Irish Fife"' is merely a coloured copy 
of that in Connellan's and MacDermot's Four Masters 
published in the same year, and has nothing at all to do 

Dingle of the Husscys. 157 

with poor Smith O'Brien's foolish enterprise with which 
Mr. Trench would fain connect it. 

Dingle is said to have had originally three castles, one 
of which Mr. Hitchcock considers was erected in 15S0, 
and the representation of Dinghen on the " Rough Drag/it 
of Mounster" in the State Records of 1576, as a strong- 
hold or walled town with a large tower at each end seems 
a confirmation of this. The third castle was probably 
part of the fortifications and repairs attempted by the 
English garrison in 1580. About that time the miseries 
of the once prosperous Daingean had reached their climax. 
The Thierna Duvh's Raid had begun, his troops in spite 
Df rain and flood, and rough mountain passes, where the 
English soldier sank fainting, a prey to the eagle and the 
wolf, and the horses fell dead from fatigue while the 
officers substituted for them the backs of Irish mercena- 
ries, pressed onwards through Iveragh and Corcaguiny 
and the ships of Winter and Bingham and brave Fulke 
Greville were hemming in the doomed little seaport on 
its Atlantic side. In September, 1580, James Goold, 
Attorney-General for Minister, and Thomas Arthur, Re- 
corder of Limerick, wrote to Sir H. Wallop as follows : 

" Sir George Bourchier is returned hither having bournte 
the greate parte of Kerrie ... he divided his companie 
into two bodies, the one marched on the south side of 
Slieve Mish, and the other on the north, and so burnt on 
both sides the mountaynes from the Island of Kerrie unto 
Dingell de Cushe which is twenty-eight miles long. He 
had the Countess of Desmond in chase for two miles, 
and missing herselfe took a greate prey of kine from her." 
(Vol. 76. No. 51. State Taper Office.) The miserable 

158 Dingle of the Husscys. 

"natives" fled from the towns into the caves and woods 
from whence Spencer describes them emerging like ghouls 
to feed on corpses, carrion, or grass. Pelham's letters 
among the State Papers say he hears that " Dingle has 
no inhabitants at all," and he counsels " Lord Fitzmor- 
rish" and also Winter "to drawe there again a few fisher- 
men and allow the merchants to return to their homes." 
Captain Zouche writes from Dingle Jan. 27th, 1581, to 
Walsingham complaining of the grievous sufferings and 
sickness among his troops garrisoning the town, and on 
the 28th of April, 1583, Captain Stanley then stationed 
there writes to Ormond, " There is nothing in this town 
nor country to be had, nor hath been of long tyme for as 
it is reported to mee, and as I knowe, the poorer sort 
hath been driven to eat the dead men's bodies which 
were cast awaie in shipwrecks." (Vol. 102. Xo. 49. State 
Paper Office.) 

Yet after those years of desolation had passed away 
the "fertile barony" justified its old name, and the 
industrious, but I fear not over loyal merchants of the 
little port, were in a fair way of prospering again, if we 
may judge by the account given in Hakluyt's Collection 
of Voyages which has been so frequently quoted in 
Kerry Journals and books relating to the county that I 
think it needless to re-print it here. Most copies of it 
however which I have seen, omit one or two passages, 
which I supply from the old black letter folio edition of 
1599 of Hakluyt's charming old Chronicles in the 
British Museum. After describing the "stones clear as 
crystall naturally squared like diamonds" which they saw 
the narrator says : — " That parte of the countrie is 11a 

Dingle of the Husscys. 159 

full of grate mountanes and hills from whence came 
running clown the pleasant streames of sweete, fresh, 
water. The naturall hardnesse of that Nation appeareth 
in this, that theire smalle children runne usually in the 
middle of the winter up and downe the streetes barefoote 
and barelegged, with no other apparell manie tymes saue 
onelie a man tell to cover their nakednesse. The chiefe 
officer of their towne they call their Souereyne, who hath 
the same office and authoritie among them that our 
Maiors have with us in England, and hath the Serjeants 
to attend upon him and beare the Mace before him as 
our Maiors." (Hakluyt, Cumberland's Voyage to the 

Dingle was granted to Ormond on the fall of the 
Desmond Earl, but soon after, either by grant or by 
purchase, it returned to the possession of the Knights of 
Kerry. Mr. Hitchcock says that the town sent members 
to Parliament in 1584 but the earliest notice of its 
incorporation occurs in the Carew MSS. under the date 
January 1585, when Elizabeth signed a warrant granting 
it the franchise and the same privileges as Drogheda 
and also gave ^300 towards erecting walls around it. 
The Charter of James I was granted to the " Sovereign, 
Free Burgesses, and Commonalty of Dingle" from which 
it would appear that the Corporation was recognized 
under the Warrant of the preceding reign. The account 
in Hakluyt exaggerates the mineral wealth of the district 
but Mr. Hitchcock had in his possession a Dingle trades- 
man's token with the inscription, '"'Toby Creane, 
Dingell-y-Cushe-Iron-Worke," which shows that at some 
period the manufacture of iron had been carried on in 

1 60 Dingle of the Huzscys. 

the neighbourhood. The mountains around the town 
are peculiarly rich in the really beautiful crystals popu- 
larly known as "Kerry diamonds." Immense masses, 
a couple of feet square and more than a foot thick, 
closely studded with them, have been found in the pic- 
turesque pass of Connor Hill which as it lies on the 
old road from Dingle to Tralee too often escapes the 
notice of the tourist. 

On the 1 8th of August 1592 a meeting was held in Din- 
gle between Commissioners from the Government and a 
number of the chief gentlemen of "Trughenackmy, Brown 
Lonclone, OfTarbuye, and Corcaguiny," and Articles 
were framed, whereby the " said gentlemen do yield to 
her Majestie in full satisfaction of sroghe, marte, cesse 
and other such charges '*' on sixteen knights fees in said 
baronies forfeited by the "late traytor Desmond" 
£2. 13s. 4cl., ster. yearly for three years, "deducting/;-^ 
rata for all lands in the possession of any patentee as an 
undertaker, and likewise for the free lands which are parcels 
of said baronies." The document is signed by Richard 
Traunt, Sovereyne of Dingle, Stephen Rice, Jenkin 
Conway, Nicholas Brown, Ralph Pattinson, (agent to Sir 
Edward Denny,) Gerrot D 11 fie Stack, Nicholas Traunt 
and O'Sullyvan Beare. Before another dozen years had 
passed the unfortunate town, always at this period from 
its commerce with France and Spain more or less 
"suspect," was again burnt by Florence MacCarthy and 
the Sugan Farl of Desmond offended at the Knight of 
Kerry's reluctance to join them in their treasons. The 
Knight's loyalty however was wavering, the old spirit 
Ilibcniis ipsis Uibcr/i'iorcs which the latest historian of 

Dingle of the Husseys. 161 

the Norman Conquest notes as a characteristic of his 
race* prevailed, and in 1602 he was in open rebellion. 
Sir Charles Wilmot, after relieving Castlemaine, morched 
through Corcaguinyand engaged the KnightatBallinahowe 
a place belonging to Edmund Hussey, v.-here after a gal- 
lant struggle the Irish were defeated and the barony 
finally reduced. Stafford writes " The fifth of March hee 
tooke also from the Knight of Kerry Castle Gregorie, 
and the Rahane (i.e. Rahinnane) his chief manour house. 
And lastly hunting him as a Foxe whose earth is stopped, 
pursued the scent so freshly that hee constrayned him to 
a new covert, following the Lord of Lixnawe to the 
mountaines of Desmond." (Pacata Hibernia p. 298. Ed. 
1633.) AVhen Carew had subdued the kingdom an 
interval of peace began, but the little town never recovered 
the effects of the visitations of 1579, and 1601, or the 
prosperity it had enjoyed in pre-Reformation times when 
Spaniards visited it freely. It was little wonder that its 
merchants should hanker after a renewal of that inter- 
course, and accordingly in the records of the period we 
find frequent notices of Trants and Rices moving back 
and forward on stolen errands between Spain and 

* "The indomitable vigour of the Scandinavian joined to the 
buoyant vivacity of the Gaul produced the conquering, ruling, race 
of Europe. And yet that race as a race has vanished. It has every- 
where been absorbed by the races it conquered. The Scottish 
Bruce or the Irish Geraldine passed from Scandinavia to Gaul, from 
Gaul to England, from England to his own portion of our islands, 
but at each migration he ceased to be Scandinavian, Erench, or 
English, his patriotism was in each case transferred to his new coun- 
try and his historic being belongs wholly to his last acquired home." 
— {Fryman's Hist, of Norman Conquest Vol. I. p. i t i.) 


1 62 Dingle of the Husseys. 

Munster, closely dogged by the Argus eyed spies of Cecil. 
Captain John Rice was on board the great ship Our 
Lady of the Rosary, when she went down with all her 
crew on the ioth of September, 1588, in the Sound of the 
Blasquets. In 16 13 Thomas Trant and Michael Hussey 
were returned as Members for the borough of Dingle and 
Trants, Rices, and Husseys, seem to have had a monopoly 
of its representation, until 1641 brought again a fresh 
plague of civil war on the land Raleigh well described, as 
" ?wt the Commonweal but the Common Woe of England's 
dominions /" and when peace came the old names have 
vanished for a time to give place to the Cromwellians 
Amory and Carrick. Once more in 1688, however, 
Husseys and Rices are the men elect for Dingle, and 
then another clearance is made by a series of fresh con- 
fiscations after the Boyne, and Husseys, Trants, and Rices 
vanish from the parliamentary representation of the place 
which had known them for live hundred years and held 
them in honour. Exile, with a fair chance of distinction 
in foreign service, or the cottier's cabin and petty trade 
at home was the only alternative left to them. But the 
indomitable Fitzgeralds and their co-clians the Fitzmaurices 
survived the deluge and sat fifteen times between 1692 
and 1782 for Dingell de Cushe in the Irish parliament. 
Amongst the Irish newspapers preserved in the British 
Museum there is one containing a "Black List" of M.P.'s 
who in the year 1775 voted in favour of a tax on 
pamphlets thereby (according to the journalist) "totally 
destroying that great Bulwark of our Constitution, Free- 
dom of the Press." The names of Maurice Fitzgerald 
Knight of Kerry, member for Dingle, and Lancelot Crosbie 

Dingle of the Husseys. 1 63 

member for Ardfert, are amongst those who effected this 
sweeping destruction. 

A "Tour in Ireland" by P. Luscombe published in 
the same year says that the "greater part of the corn 
consumed in Kerry is grown in Corcaguiny which is 
hence called the granary of this county." Notwithstand- 
ing the richness of the granary however Arthur Young 
who visited Kerry in 1757-60 describes the condition of 
its peasantry as "wretched in the extreme" owing he 
says to the " infamous practice of subletting by farmers 
who grind as it were the faces of the cottiers whom they 
annex to the soil" an annexation which was not actually 
broken up until the famine year. Arthur Young however 
says that the value of Kerry land had risen so rapidly in 
the course of the eighteenth century, that the whole 
estate of Lord Kerry, with his mansion at Lixnawe, which 
in or about 1700 had been offered on lease to a Mr. Collis 
for fifteen hundred a year, was in 1777 worth to the Earl 
of Kerry ^20,000 per annum. According to Young the 
bargain with Mr. Collis was broken off in consequence of 
a dispute whether the money should be paid in Cork or 
Dublin. The last M.P.'s for Dingle were the Right 
Honourable Lodge Morres, Mr. William Monsell, and 
afterwards in his stead Mr. W. T. Mullens, eldest son of 
Lord Ventry. At the Union Mr. Richard Boyle Town- 
shend received the sum of fifteen hundred pounds, as 
compensation for the extinction of the pocket borough. 
The place is entirely modernised, the picturesque old 
houses described by Smith have long since vanished and 
been replaced by the ordinary houses of a third rate 
country town. But in 1853 when that painstaking and 

1 64 Dingle of the Husscys. 

accurate archaeologist Mr. Hitchcock was preparing his 
paper published in the Kilkenny Archaeological Journal 

of the following year, he found traces still existing near 
the Grove (then the residence of John Hickson, D.L.) of 
the old walls seen by Hakluyt's voyagers. He thinks 
they had been built with clay mortar. Mr. Hitchcock 
also found at the rere of the then market house, in the 
old gaol of the town, a low dark doorway and a small 
cut stone window, which he believed were parts of the 
castle of 1580. Its vaults were used as a prison until 
18 1 5. In the garden walls and outhouses through the 
town he discovered several hewn and carved stones evi- 
dently parts of the ancient buildings. " On one of these 
stones" he says " built into a modern wall near the cor- 
ner of an outhouse I noticed a portion of raised carving, 
resembling a tree, and Mrs. MacUonogh who resides 
opposite the market house told me, that there is in her 
house a portion of a wall seven feet in thickness which 
belonged to one of the Dingle Castles, and that there 
were formerly other similar walls which were purchased 
by a Mr. Hutchinson an architect for six or seven shil- 
lings a piece." 

With regard to these fragments of " old Dingle," it is 
not undeserving of notice that a tree, which Mr. Hitchcock 
describes as carved on one of them, is a conspicuous 
object in the Hussey armorial bearings. I do not know 
whether the old gaol described by Mr. Hitchcock was 
the one granted in the charter of James I to the town and 
therein mentioned as "a certain Messuage or House 
formerly belonging to John Husie lately attainted." Ad- 
mitting the uncertainty as to who were the founders and 

Dingle of the Husseys. 1 65 

original owners of the Daingean at the foot of Connor 
Hill, Archdeacon Rowan very justly observes that the 
tradition which prevailed in the place three hundred 
years ago respecting the Norman " De la Cousa," is well 
worth considering. O'Donovan's dogmatic statement: — 
"Daingean Ui Chuis i.e. the fortress of O'Chuis an Irish 
chieftain who owned the place before the English invasion 
and not as Smith and others assert Dingle of the Husseys " 
tnay be correct, but as I have said he gives us no proof of 
its correctness, and therefore knowing the strength of his 
prejudices, and that he was as much disposed to under- 
value the Sassenagh as Smith was to <ignor*e the Celt we 
pause before accepting his dictum. On one point there 
is not the slightest doubt viz : that for centuries among 
the Irish speaking and Catholic inhabitants of the barony 
of Corcaguiny the old name of the town was interpreted to 
mean "Dingle of the Husseys," and Smith, whatever may 
have been his partialities or prejudices, in this instance 
only repeated the popular tradition, at a time too be it 
remembered when the Husseys like the rest of their 
fellow Catholics throughout the country were disinherited 
and depressed and when he could have had no sympathy 
with them nor desire to do them honour. The tradition 
which he also mentions, that Daingean ny Houssaye was 
part of the possessions granted by a Geraldine to a 
Hussey Squire, on condition that he was to walk over the 
whole of the grant in his heavy jack boots between sun 
rise and sunset, was equally familiar to generations of the 
Irish speaking Catholics of Corcaguiny. It is with some 
hesitation I venture to offer a suggestion on a point where 
able and learned men seem divided in opinion, but read- 

1 66 Dingle of the Ifusscys. 

ing Archdeacon Rowan's note to White's Journal recom- 
mending to consideration the account of the burgess 
who spoke to White in 1580, and also Leland's and 
Duchesne's List of the Norman Conquerors followers at 
Hastings, as well as the names mentioned in the Book of 
Howth and Bray's Conquest of Ireland, (Carew MSS. 
Lambeth,) it seemed to me as not improbable that the 
old Dingle burgess had corrupted the Norman De La 
Huse or Housaye into De La Cousa, through an error of 
pronunciation an Irishman, especially an Irishman better 
acquainted with Spanish and Portugese than with the 
English of Norman or Angevin times, might easily fall into. 
However this may be the name of De La Huse or De La 
Hoese which at the close of the Norman period in England 
became Husee, Huse, and finally Hussey, was one of high 
distinction in England and Ireland. In an ancient MS. 
found in Glastonbury at its dissolution and in a Visita- 
tion of Dorsetshire A.D. 1623 it is recorded that Hubert 
de Husse a Norman noble married the Countess Helen, 
daughter of Richard Duke of Normandy, and had a grant 
at the Conquest of the office of High Constable. In the 
Book of Howth before alluded to among the names of 
the companions in arms of Maurice Fitzgerald is that of 
Raymond Husse, and in the Carew MSS. is also a frag- 
ment of Irish history written by Maurice O'Regan servant 
and interpreter to Derfhot Mac Murrough the last king of 
Leinster, in which the names of Hugh de Hoese and 
Walter de Ridelsford appear. Hugh de Hoese and 
Guillaume Le Petti t were amongst the followers of De 
Lasci, Viceroy of Ireland in 11S0. Burke in his Extinct 
Peerage says, that Sir Hugh Husse came to Ireland 17, 

Dingle of the Hussey s. 167 

Hen. II. and married the sister of Theobald Fitz Walter, 
first Butler of Ireland, and that he died seized of large 
possessions in Meath the gift of Hugh de Lacy. His 
son Hubert de Husse married Agnes dau. of Hugh 
de Lacy, senior Earl of Ulster, who had married Erame- 
line de Ridelsford daughter of Gualtier above mentioned. 
She married secondly Richard son of William de Longue- 
spee and had a daughter Emmeline, who married Mau- 
rice Fitzgerald, third Baron of Offaley, and the name of 
this last mentioned lady appears in the Records of the 
Court of Exchequer relating to Kerr}', claiming various 
debts and dues from Le Fureters, Traunts and Le Hores. 
The grandson of Hubert de Husse and Agnes de Lasci 
married Catherine Fitzgerald, a daughter of the house of 
Kildare, and was father of Sir John Hussey Knight, first 
Baron of Galtrim, summoned to Parliament Nov. 2 2d 
1374. (v. Records of Irish Magnates, Carew MSS.) 
Archdall in his Peerage of Ireland ed. 17S9, states, that 
Sir John Hussey created Baron of Galtrim by De Lacy 
in the exercise of his royal Seignory as Earl of the Pala- 
tinate of Meath, married Marian Geneville, daughter of 
the Lord Justice of Ireland in 1273, by whom he had a 
son Edmund who married Honora Fitzgerald of the 
house of Leinster. According to D'Alton in his. " King 
James' Army List illustrated" this Edmund Hussey was 
Constable of Carberry in 1382. John Baron of Galtrim 
had a pardon of intrusion into the lands of Moyle 
Hussey in Meath dated July 5th, 1403. Archdall states 
that Sir Patrick Hussey was Baron of Galtrim in the reign 
of Elizabeth, and that he had by Catherine daughter of 
Lord Trimlestown, James Baron of Galtrim, who died 

1 68 Dingle of the Husseys. 

in 1604 leaving two sons, Patrick his heir and Peter from 
whom descended Edward, Lord Beaulieu, (who died in 
1S02 when the title became extinct,) and in the female 
line Anthony Strong Hussey of Westown Esq. 

The settlement of the Husseys in Corcaguiny may 
have been the result of their Geraldine alliances in the 
fourteenth century, but at all events they were settled in 
the barony before the middle of the sixteenth century as 
we shall see hereafter, and there is a letter dated 30th 
September 1602, from the Deputy Mountjoy to Sir 
George Carew proving that they were scions of the 
Meath stock. v Earnest suit" writes his Lordship "hath 
been made unto me on the behalf of one Walter Hussey 
of the Pale for the sheriffship of Kerrie, which we have 
the rather graunted in respect that he is known to be a 
man of good sufficiency and one that hath land both 
here in the pale and in Kerrie.'' (Carew MSS. Lambeth 
Library.) Sir Bernard Burke in his Landed Gentry, 
giving the lineage of Edward Hussey, Esq. of Dingle 
and of S. M. Hussey Esq. of Edenburn near Tralee, 
says that their ancestors settled in Corcaguiny, temp. 
Elizabeth, having obtained a grant of lands there. But 
neither in the State Records, nor in private family papers, 
can I discover any traces of such a grant, while there is 
good evidence in the former to show that the Husseys 
were amongst the old forfeiting proprietors of Elizabeth's 
reign in the barony of Corcaguiny. Amongst the Carew 
MSS. there is a document endorsed in Sir G. Carevv's 
writing: — " The opinion of the disposition of the gen- 
tlemen of Mounster in the tyme when Sir John Xorris 
was Lord President of that province." It contains a 

Dingle of the Husseys* 1 69 

list of " Certayne men sworn to continue in rebellion " 
and with other names appear those of— " Thomas Lord 
Fitzmorrish, Thomas Oge Fitzgerald of Ardnagragh, 
Edward Hussey of Ballinahowe, Owen Mac Moriartie of 
the Skart, Cahir Mac Brien of Traly, Thomas Fitzjohn 
of Ballykealy." Again in the same collection there are 
various " Allottments of Undertakers in Munster a.d. 
1587" and certificates of assignments of lands same 
date. From one of these latter dated 8th May 1587 
and signed by Christopher Hatton Canccll ': Walter 
Raleigh, William Courtenay, Edward Phyton and Valen- 
tine Browne, it appears that to Thomas Herford, Ambrose 
Lacy, and George Stone and their associates, were 
assigned the following lands and tenements in Kerry : — 
" The village and butt ende of a castel late called Bally- 
mac-Daniel, the castel and landes of Ballycarten late 
Nicholas Funs (?) the town and landes of Menarde late 
Shane Mac Edmund Mac Ulick's, the village town and 
lands of Farryn Edilhe near Loscahe Clonduffe *•**'* 
Glanagorta (Glaunagault ?) and Ballenacourty late Morrice 
Mac Shane Hussey's one * * * * called the Park with 
a water mill and * * * * in Dingell y Cushe." Endorsed 
" The 1 2th July, 15S7, possession and seizen by cutting 
out a clod of earth e in said landes and delieuring it to 
Ambrose Lacy was made." Signed, "William Her- 
bert." Many, indeed almost all, of the Irish names of 
places in the State Papers as well as in the giants pre- 
served in private families are so grievously misspelled 
that is impossible to recognise them. Glanagorta looks 
like Glaunagault, but it is more difficult to discover what 
places are meant by Farryn Edilhe and Loscahe. It 

170 Dingle of the Husseys. 

would require a thorough acquaintance with every farm 
and district of the county, and a thorough knowledge of 
the Irish language to correct those numerous mistakes, 
therefore I have not attempted it. but have in all cases 
copied every word as I found it, now and again with hesi- 
tation, (remembering that " sound etymology has nothing 
to do with sound") venturing to offer a suggestion as to 
the place meant. From the above documents however 
it is clear that the Husseys were amongst the Anglo- 
Norman or early English settlers in Corcaguiny, who 
forfeited in the reign of Elizabeth, for their share in the 
rebellion of their feudal lord the Earl of Desmond and 
his sub-feudatory the Knight of Kerry. It is very likely 
that the loyalty of the head of the Meath branch of the 
family mentioned in Mountjoy's letter secured not only 
for himself, but for some of his Kerry relatives, a portion 
of their estates. Or by a process commonly carried out 
after every fresh confiscation from the time of Elizabeth 
to 168S, the forfeited lands of the rebel Edward Hussey 
of Ballinhahow and Ballinacourty may have been trans- 
ferred by purchase, or assignment, in payment of some 
fictitious debt or incumbrance to a friendly Englishman, 
or loyal Irish cousin (perhaps to Walter of Moyle him- 
self,) who in a little time restored them to the family of 
the forfeiting proprietor. There is no doubt that such 
frauds on the Crown were perpetrated again and again 
at various periods of Irish history. 

When the brief interval of peace which followed 
Carew's wars was over and the troubles of 1641 began, 
the Husseys were still proprietors in Corcaguiny. They 
fought on the side of the king, (in Ireland at least identi- 

Dingle of the Husscys. 1 7 1 

cal with the cause of Roman Catholicism,) and when the 
island was reduced once more by the strong hand their 
ruin was complete. I extract the following account of 
their forfeitures in Kerry from the documents preserved 
in the Public Record Office Dublin. 

Lands of Coome and East Moyge 108 acres, Forfeiting 
Proprietor Walter Hussey of Moyle County Meath, 
Cromwellian Grantee John Carrick. Lands of Ballina- 
howe 46a. ir, Forfeiting Proprietor Walter Hussey of 
Moyle. Cromwellian Grantee Chidley Coote. 

Lands of Castle Gregory, Skreene, Ardglass, and Martri- 
mane and two other plowlands, 3517^. Forfeiting Pro- 
prietor Captain Walter Hussey. Cromwellian Grantee 
Thomas Wellstead. 

Lands of Kilshannog and Magherabeg 684a 2/-, 20/, 
Forfeiting Proprietor Ellen Graghat (or Granal) Hussey, 
inheritrix of Captain Walter Hussey. Cromwellian Grantee 
.John Carrick. 

Lands of Across and Cahirbanely More 123^ 8/, 
Coolnapogue 173*2, 6r, 20/, and a turf bogg of the same 
35#, Forfeiting Proprietor Morrish Hussey. Cromwellian 
Grantee, Chidley Coote. 

Lands of Ffarranlatiffe 74^. or, Forfeiting Proprietor 
Joanna Rice alias Hussey. Cromwellian Grantee Coun- 
tess of Mountrath. 

The lands of Coolnapogue forfeited by Morrish Hussey 
form part of the parish of Ballinacourty, which according 
to the undertaker's certificate in the Carew MSS. quoted 
at p. 169 was forfeited in the preceding century by Morris 
Mac Shane Hussey. Ballinahow the property of Perrot*s 
incorrigible rebel Edward Hussey is probably the place 

172 Dingle of the Husscys. 

of that name in Kilquane parish but there is another 
Ballinahow in Cloghane. D'Alton says that nine of the 
family were attainted in 1642 in Meath and two in 
Kildare, while two others were exempted from pardon 
for life and estate in 1652. The Husseys of Moyle re- 
gained part of their estate I believe at the Restoration, 
whether the Kerry lands were included in it I do not 
know but Walter Hussey of Castle Gregory, who was the 
largest proprietor of the name in the county having been 
killed in open rebellion at Minard (see ante p. 76,) his 
children must have been reduced to utter poverty during 
the Commonwealth and the only marvel is how they 
escaped transplantation to Connaught. Of the eldest son 
all we know is that he was living and the father of 
several children in 1733. Nothing is known of the fate 
of the two younger sons, while the daughters marrying 
amongst families of English race who were generally 
loyal, although not always so, probably helped through 
their connexions to secure some fragments of landed 
property to their brother's children. But the fortunes 
of these latter and their descendants must have been 
greatly reduced in penal times, as they seem to have 
clung firmly to the Roman Catholic faith until the early 
part of the present century, when the penal laws were 
relaxed. About the middle or close of the preceding 
one, Patrick Hussey of Ardimore, county Kerry, died 
leaving two daughters, co-heiresses, one of whom married 
Patrick Fitzgerald of Liscarny, while the other Man- 
Clare Hussey married John Grace of Mantua House, 
Roscommon, and left by that gentleman a son and heir 
and a daughter married to her cousin Rice Hussey, 

Dingle of the Hussey s. i 73 

second son of Thomas Hussey of Dingle. Maurice 
Hussey, uncle to Patrick of Ardmore. married his cousin 
Mary Hussey and had John, Edward and Alice married 
23 Nov. 1748 to' Patrick Fitzgerald of Liscarny. John 
Hussey, eldest son, married Mary Bodkin of Gal way and 
had issue Maurice, Conolly, Edward and Peter Bodkin. 
The three first died unmd. Peter Bodkin Hussey md 
10 Dec. 1S04 Mary eldest dau. of Robert Hickson D.L. 
of the Grove near Dingle and had John who died unmd. 
James who md and has issue. Edward md his cousin 
Julia dau of Rev. Robert Hickson and has issue. Robert 
died unmd. Samuel Murray md Julia Agnes third dau 
of John Hickson D.L. of the Grove, Dingle and has 
issue. Ellen md Robert third son of the Rt. Hon. Maurice 
Fitzgerald Knight of Kerry, and had issue a dau md to 
Captain Percy. Anne died unmd. Julia md Peter Fitz- 
gerald the present Knight of Kerry (v. Burke's Landed 
Gentry) and has several children. 


JDn QQmvitt jfftfgeralb, Iknfgljt of %m$, 

{who died in Fla?iders a.d. 1642.) 

25 g l^t'crre iferrtter. 

' Y woe and my dullness 
For ever and ever 
jfjSJ g)Oh ! Chieftain of Kerry 

Is that death should us sever, 
That in Flanders you're coffined 

Far out of my sight — 
Oh Maurice brave son 

Of the Florentine knight ! 
Though envy may blacken 

Both fortune and fame 
No stain spot or speck 

Has it left on thy name : 
For with words of bright praise 

That through time will not fade 
Was the news of thy death 

To my sad heart conveyed. 
When I heard lamentations 
And sad warning cries 

Caoiiie on Maurice Fitzgerald. 175 

From the Banshees of many 

Broad districts arise, 
I besought thee Oh Christ ! 

To relieve me from pain 
I prayed — but my prayers 

They were offered in vain. 

* * * * 

* * * * 

Aina from her closely hid 

Nest did awake 
The Woman of Wailing 

From Gur's voicy lake ; 
From Glen Fogradh of words 

Came a mournful whine 
And all Kerry's Banshees 

Wept the lost Geraldine. 
The Banshees of Youghal 

And of stately Mogeely 
Were joined in their grief 

By wide Imokilly. 
Carah Mona in gloom 

Of deep sorrow appears 
And all Kinalmeaky's 

Absorbed into tears. 
The prosperous Saxons 

Were seized with affright 
In Tralee they packed up 

And made ready for flight, 
For there a shrill voice 

At the door of each hall 

1 76 Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 

Was heard — as they fancied — 

Foretelling their fall. 
At Dingle the merchants 

In terror forsook 
Their ships and their business, 

They trembled and shook, 
They fled to concealment 

Ah ! fools thus to fly — 
For no trader a Banshee 

Will titter a cry. 
The Banshee of Dunquin 

In sweet song did implore 
To the Spirit that watches 

Oe'r dark Dun-an-Oir, 
And Ennismore's maid 

By the dark gloomy wave 
With her clear voice did mourn 

The fall of the brave, 
On stormy Sliabh Mish 

Spread the cry far and wide 
From steep Finnaleun 

The wild eagle replied ; 
'Mong the Reeks like the 

Thunder peals echoing rout 
It burst — and deep moaning 

Bright Brandon gives out. 
Oh Chief! whose example 

On soft minded youth 
Like thy signet impressed 

Honour, glory and truth, 

Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 177 

The youth who once grieved 

If unnoticed passed by, 
Now deplore thee in silence 

With sorrow dimmed eye. 
Oh ! "Woman of Tears 

Who with musical hands 
From your bright golden hair 

Hath combed out the long bands, 
Let those golden strings loose 

Speak your thought — let your mind — 
Fling abroad its full light 

Like a torch to the wind. 

Thy valour shed round thee 

A halo of glory 
And the deeds of your sharp sword 
. Will long live in glory, 
King Philip's own white hand 

That weapon presented 
In a case set with stones 

And royally scented. 
Without equal in skill 

On the back of a steed, 
With a pedigree blazoned 

That none could exceed, 
Correctly recorded 

And carefully penned, 
And full of proud knowledge 

From beginning to end. 


178 Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 

a- * « * 

# # # # 

Without ostentation was 

Your bounty to all 
The prayers of the clergy 

Rose up in your hall, 
The poor there was sheltered 

As soon as the Earl 
Nor rejected was there 

The disdained outcast girl. 
Behold your reward ! 

In the fullness of grief 
The reward of your wines, 

And your meat and relief, 
For the joy of your feasts 

The sad tribute is paid 

In the full burst of keening 

That for thee is made. 

•* * * ■* 

* ■* * -* 

And now that you lie 
In the silence of death 

Still they fondly prolong 
Their last musical breath 

Like the string of a harp 
That keeps vibrating on 

Though the hand that awaked it 

For ever is gone. 

Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 179 

Ninety priests for thy soul 

Did that sad morning pray 
In their rich robes of state 

To the close of the day, 
And choristers chaunted 

Unnumbered the throng 
And Bishops of tythes 

Chimed in with their song. 

* * * * 

Your sword that in battle 

Was restless and keen 
Unsheathed on your coffin 

Is peacefully seen, 
Your swift horse accoutred 

Is solemnly led, 
And your golden spurs borne 

For their master is dead. 
Oh Sunbeam of Evening 

Gone down in the West ! 
Your refulgence has sunk 

In the bright waves to rest, 
And storm clouds are up 

In the grey twilight sky, 
And the wind is abroad 

Though as yet with a sigh. 

* * * * 

* . * * * 

Refreshing thy mirth 

As a light summer shower, 

180 Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 

"While firm was thy valour 

As rock 'neath the flower, 
Thy bounty was broader 

Than Ireland's expanse 
And Europe seemed small 

To thy eagle eyed glance. 
In thy fall is my fall, 

My life's final blow, 
To lose thee my loss 

And sore loss I trow, 
Doomed vainly to struggle 

Without hope to strive, 
Thou art quietly dead 

I am dead though alive ! 

The beautiful translation by Crofton Croker of Pierce 
Ferriter's Irish Caoine (Keen), from which the foregoing 
stanzas are taken, Is given at length in the volume of the 
Percy Society's publications for 1S42. The original is 
still I believe preserved amongst the peasantry of the west 
of Kerry and I am sorry that want of space does not 
permit me to give the translation in its entirety, but like 
most old Irish poems of the same kind it can well bear 
pruning. The Knight whose death is here lamented could 
have been but ten years in the possession of his ancient 
title, as according to Burke, his father who had married 
Mary O'Connor of Ofialey died in 1640. I cannot dis- 
cover the cause of his visit to Flanders, but it is likely 
that it was in some way connected with the then troubled 

Caoinc on Maurice Fitzgerald. 1 8 1 


state of Ireland, and of Kerry in particular, which was 
completely in the power of the rebels (chief among them 
Pierce Ferriter himself) throughout the greater part of the 
year 1642. The death of the childless young Knight at 
this particular juncture, was doubtless all the more deeply 
lamented by Ferriter because of the fact that his next 
brother, John Fitzgerald, who became Knight of Kerry, 
was a friend to the English and Protestant party. This 
last mentioned Knight was the great grandfather of 
Maurice Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry, who in 1 703 married 
Elizabeth, daughter of David Crosbie of Ardfert, by whom 
he had three sons and nine daughters all married to Kerry 
gentlemen. The eldest of these three sons left an only 
son Maurice, who married the Lady Anne Fitzmaurice 
and died s. p, and a daughter who married Richard Boyle 
Townsend Esq. of Castle Townsend, Co. Cork and left 
a son, who on the death of Lady Anne Fitzgerald, to whom 
her husband had devised the estates for life, succeeded 
under the limitations of his uncle's will to the unsold 
remnants of the ancient patrimony of the Knights of 
Kerry. The old title however of course went to the second 
son of Maurice Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Crosbie, Robert 
Fitzgerald, a barrister, member of Parliament and Judge 
of the Court of Admiralty in Ireland. The present 
Knight of Kerry is his grandson. The allusion in the 
second verse of the Caoine to the " Florentine Knight " 
reters to the well known tradition of the descent of 
Maurice Fitzgerald from the Gherardini of Florence. 
" Gur's voicy lake " is Lough Gur in the county Limerick, 
round which are scattered cromlechs and pagan monu- 
ments of various kinds. For an account of Aina, the 

i 82 Caoine on ]\ lain ice Fitzgerald. 

Banshee of Lough Gur, see an interesting paper on Folk 
Lore by Mr. N. Kearney, Kilkenny Archaeological Journal 

for i S52. Jt was probablyin reward of the Geraldine's ready 
adoption of Irish " thoughts and ways " until they became 
more "Irish than the Irish themselves." that the Ban- 
shee, who aceording to old tradition never condescended 
to wail for any not of the Milesian blood, wailed for the 
descendants of the Norman Maurice. Pierce Ferriter, 
coming himself of a Norman family which Hibernicised 
as rapidly as their feudal lords, by a slight poetical license 
modified the tradition in his satirical allusion to the 
" prosperous traders " of Tralee. It would appear from 
his poem that every district owned by the Geraldines in 
Cork, Kerry, and Limerick, had its attendant Banshee 
and this is rather a curious illustration of the originally 
heathen superstition (said by Sir Walter Scott to be " the 
most beautiful in Irish fiction ") associating the guardian 
spirit as much with certain localities, especially localities 
near rivers, lakes, or inlets of the sea, as with certain 
races or families. Glen Fogradh, or the Glen of Warning 
or Proclamation lies about a mile and a half north-west 
of Lough Gur. It obtained its name from a proclamation 
against Desmond having been set forth there tern}). 
Elizabeth. In modern times it has been corrupted into 
Glenogry. The Castle of Mogeely mentioned in the 
ninth verse was situated on the river Bride two miles 
west of Tallow, county Cork. From documents in the 
State Paper Office it appears that in the fifth year of 
Edward IV, William Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry, ex- 
changed with James, Earl of Desmond the lands of Mo- 
geely and Athcrossc, in the county Cork, for those of 

Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 183 

Baliirigolin and Cloghier (?) in Kerry. MogeeJy is said 
to have been the favourite residence of Thomas Sth Earl 
of Desmond. It remained in the possession of the Geral- 
dines until the fall of the rebel Karl, when it was granted 
to Sir Walter Raleigh, who leased it to an agent of his named 
Pyne and eventually the place like most of the gallant and 
gifted soldier's grants passed to the Boyles Earls of Cork. 
Cara Mona and Kinalmeaky are also in Cork. Dunquin 
as most Kerry people know lies to the west of Dingle. Its 
steep cape Dunmore Head is said to be the most westerly" 
point of Ireland and the parish is popularly styled " the 
nextparish to America." The Blasquet or Eerriter's Islands 
lie off Dunmore Head, and according to tradition were 
held by the old Xorman family of Eerriter on condition of 
their supplying yearly a certain number of hawks to the 
Desmond Earls. The dark Dun-an-oir is better known 
as Fort-del -Ore, where the band of Spaniards and Italian 
brigands who, according to the testimony of the Catholic 
historian O'Sullivan, were released from their dungeons 
on condition of their aiding James Fitzmaurice in his 
rebellion against his Sovereign, were refused conditions of 
mercy and put to the sword. The Ennismore or Innis- 
more of the Caoine was the Knight of Kerry's estate near 
Listowel. Finnaleun according to Mr. Croker was the old 
name for Monteagle on the Brandon chain. The ac- 
complished translator in a note to the lines, — 

" With a pedigree blazoned 
That few could exceed" 

observes, " this can scarcely be said to be the case now. 
The present Knight of Kerry, (1S41) told me, that about 

1 84 Caoine on Maurice Fitzgerald. 

ten years since he brought with him to Dublin a number 
of old family papers with the view of having them 
arranged in the form of a genealogical memoir, and that 
on going for a few days excursion into Wicklow, he left 
them in a closet adjoining his bed room at a hotel. On 
his return he could not find the papers and when he 
instituted a search % -e learned to his dismay that the 
housemaid had, as *>ne believed, avoided waste by light- 
ing the fires with them. A few charred fragments in the 
grate" adds Mr. Croker " were all that was left to con- 
vince the Knight of the truth of the woman's story and 
his own irreparable loss." (For further notices of the 
Geraldines and their Ferriter vassals v. Appendix.) 


x?x ff 

Cfjc ©cignory of Castic SfsIanO. 


"p~>3HE Castle of the Island of Kerr)' is said to 
have been erected by Geoffrey de Marisco, 
younger brother of Hervey de Montemarisco 
(or Montmorency in France) the nephew 
of Strongbow, and the son in law of Maurice Fitzgerald. 
Geoffrey de Marisco was appointed Justiciary of Ireland 
in 1 2 1 5. There is frequent mention of him in the Annals 
of Lough Ce translated for the Rolls Publication Series 
by the accomplished Celtic scholar, William M. Henessy 
Esq. of the Public Record Office, Dublin. In a Genea- 
logical Memoir of the Montmorency family written in 
French by Colonel Hervey Morres (nephew of the Hon. 
Lodge Morres who represented the borough of Dingle 
in the last Irish Parliament) the founder of Castle Island 
is styled Baron de Monte Marisco, Lord of Forth, 
Bargy, Dunbrody, Shelburne, Lower Ormond, Castle 
Island and Killagh. He is said to have died in France 
from whence his body was brought to Ireland, and 

1 86 The Seignory of Castle Island. 

interred at Awncy, in the county Limerick, where he had 
founded a commandery of Knights Hospitallers. The 
lands and Hospital of Awney were afterwards granted by 
James the First to the ancestor of the Earl of Kenmare. 
Geoffrey de Marisco also founded the priory of Killagh, 
(now Kilcolman) in Kerry, and he is said to have erected 
the castle of Molahiffe but this is by no means certain. 
Castle Island passed to the Geraldines through a marriage 
with Elinor de Marisco daughter or granddaughter of 
Henry the Third's Justiciary. 

The confusion which exists in the early links of the 
Desmond pedigree is very great, but it seems probable 
that the Elinor Morrie or Morries who is said to have 
brought her husband Thomas Fitzmaurice, father of 
John of Callan, a large dower of lands in Kerry was 
really Elinor de Marisco or Mareis, heiress of Castle 
Island. The annals spell the name indifferently Mareis, 
or Marisco, and Colonel Morres says that in Leinster 
it was Hibernicized into MacMorres. In 1345 Castle 
Island was besieged by Sir Ralph Ufford. Lord Justi- 
ciary, it being then held out for Maurice Fitz Thomas, 
first Earl of Desmond, by Sir Eustace Le Poer, Sir 
William Grant, and Sir John Coterel who were all 
executed. In 156S John Oge Fitzgerald was Constable 
of the Island of Kerry for the Earl of Desmond. John 
Oge was probably the head of the family of Fitzgeralds 
of the Island descended according to Collins from the 
youngest son of John Fitz Thomas. Their family place 
appears to have been Ardnagragh. In the Carew MSS. 
there is a document giving the names of certain men 
"sworn to continue in rebellion " (;•. Dingle of the Husseys 

The Seignory of Castle Island. 187 

p. 168) and John Oge Fitzgerald of Ardnagragh Castle 
is mentioned with the rest.* In the same collection there is 
a " Survey of Ireland and account of persons of note there 
A.I). 1570" in which the names of "John Oge of the Is- 
land, O'Connor Kerrie, Ferriter and Hubbard" appear. 
When the unfortunate Earl fell at Glaunageentha a victim 
to his own folly, and the relentless greed of the adven- 
turers, hounding on him to the last the vengeance of his 
old hereditary foe Ormond, it was the Fitzgeralds of Ard- 
nagragh, faithful to the last, who stole the headless body 
at night from the wood where it had been left by Kelly 
and Moriarty and laid it in their own burial place. Re- 
duced to the condition of cottier tenants under the shadow 
of their ruined castles, the old Sept lived on, whispering 
round their peat fires many a tale of the glories of their 
fallen chieftain, fancying they heard the strains of his piper 
in the wail of the winter night's wind, and burying their 
dead around him in the lonely little mountain churchyard 
of Killonanaim (the Church of THE NAME.) the one 
sad remnant of their ancient inheritance left to them, 
where until very recently none but Geraldines were ever 

* In the State Taper Office there is a letter dated iSth November 
15GS from the Earl of Desmond (then a prisoner in the Tower) to 
the Knight of Kerry and ''John Oge, Constable of the Island,*' 
directing them to assist the Countess in collecting his revenues. A 
note to the volume calendaring the papers of that year says that 
Jfohn Oge was "probably Desmond's uncle" and the Minister 
Commissioners, writing February 1 568 to the Lords Justices, 
mention " an old uncle of the Karl's who has proffered Ins services 
to govern the Talatinate," winch proffer was rejected for John of 
Desmond and Danvers (whom he afterwards murdered) with 
Andrew Skiddy were appointed governors of Cork, Limerick and 
Kerry. {V. APPENDIX.) 

1 88 The Seignory of Castle Island. 

interred. A tract of land around Castle Island was 
granted by letters patent of Queen Elizabeth under the 
name of the " Seignory of Mount Eagle Loyal " to Sir 
William Herbert of St. Julians, county Monmouth. The 
Queen and Council had directed that no one undertaker 
should receive more than 12,000 acres in grant, but this, 
as well as many other conditions, respecting the forfeited 
estates seems to have been in not a few instances totally 
disregarded. In fact the new proprietors seem to have 
shuffled and exchanged lands and appointments pretty 
much as they pleased, without any reference to their 
gracious Sovereign at all. The Seignory of Castle Island 
on the death of Sir William Herbert passed to his only 
child Mary Herbert, who married her cousin Edward, 
Lord Herbert of Cherbury, a youth of fifteen afterwards 
one of the most eccentric thinkers and writers of his time. 
His brother the Reverend George Herbert is more fa- 
vourably known as a poet and divine. In 1656 Edward, 
third Lord Llerbert of Cherbury and Castle Island, granted 
in fee farm to his kinsman William Brown of Weston, 
Lincolnshire, the lands of Tiernagoose and Inchymac- 
mareis and from a daughter of this William Brown who 
it is said married Richard Meredith, the present Merediths 
of Dicksgrove, formerly Tiernagoose, claim to be de- 
scended. Their lineage and descent from the ancient 
family of Meredyth of Llanwyddelan in Montgomeryshire, 
and in the female line from the Herberts of Colebrooke, 
and Fitzgeralds Knights of Kerry, are given at length in 
Burke's Landed Gentry. 

By a Survey taken in 1729, the Seignory of Castle 
Island was found to contain no less than 37,128 acres 

The Seignory of Castle Island. 189 

of which only 14,211 were then profitable. For this vast 
tract of land, ten miles in length and twelve in breadth, 
unless we are to understand that Sir William Herbert's 
descendants added extensively by purchase to his original 
grant, the crown in the reign of Elizabeth received only 
^22 1 5s. 4d. per annum. Four years after the survey 
of 1729 the whole seignory was leased forever at a yearly 
rent of ^1900 and a fine of ^6000 to five gentlemen, 
viz : Sir Maurice Crosbie, William Crosbie, Edward 
Herbert, (a kinsman of the owner in chief) John Fitz- 
gerald, and John Blenerhassett. In 1734 these gentlemen 
executed a deed, incorporating Richard Meredith as joint 
tenant with them, and in 1738 a deed of partition was 
made assigning to each of the six his portion of the 
Seignory, Richard Meredith obtaining the lands leased 
to Brown in 1656. Sir Maurice Crosbie's descendants 
afterwards sold their portion to the ancestors of the Rt. 
Hon. Lord Ventry, and John Fitzgerald Knight of Kern' 
sold his to * * * * Chute. William Crosbie's portion of 
the Seignory is inherited by the widow of General Berkely 
Drummond, and John Blennerhassett's by his descendant 
the Rt. Hon. Lord Headly. In the middle of the last 
century the district appears to have been lawless and 
disturbed and in 1 79S one of the few serious crimes which 
occurred in Kerry during the rebellion took place at 
Castle Island when three soldiers of the Mount Eade 
Loyal Cavalry were murdered in their barracks. One of 
the murderers tied to England, where he was arrested but 
he contrived to strangle himself in his cell at Bow Street, 
the rest escaped I believe to America. From that time the 
chronicles of Castle Island have been happily tamer and 

i go The Seignory of Castle Island. 

less eventful, and it is at present (notwithstanding the 
absenteeism of the owner in chief, the Earl of Powis, 
whose only connection with the place is in the rent of 
;£iooo a year which he receives from it,) one of the most 
prosperous and peaceful districts in the south-west of 
Ireland. The old mansion houses of Currens and 
Brewsterfield where " free handed hospitality " was the 
rule of the day and night have passed away, but Dicks- 
grove the seat of the Merediths remains, and Edenburn, 
formerly Magh, once the residence of the Sealy family, now 
occupied by Samuel Murray Hussey Esq., with many other 
handsome mansions of resident gentlemen proprietors have 
lately been erected in the neighbourhood of Castle Island. 

Castle QDarjnc. 

^rv|HE river Mang, flowing from Tubber Mang 
)<vp about a mile eastward of Castle Island, and 
igj taking its course in a south-westerly direction 
to an estuary known in old maps as Castle- 
mang Harbour, formed the original boundary between 
Kerry and Desmond, before they were in the reign of 
James I united into one county. In Smith's time there 
were still some traces left of the old border fortress erected 
according to tradition, at the joint expense of Desmond 
and Mac Carthy on the bridge at Castle Magne. It was 
agreed that they should hold possession of it by turns, and 
the tradition, is that when it was built Mac Carthy went in 
and then formally surrendered it to the Fitzgeralds who, 
when they had entered, drove off the too confiding Mile- 
sians and kept it altogether in their own hands. In the 
reign of Elizabeth however Castlemagne was found of too 
great importance as the key between Kerry and Desmond 
to be entrusted to an Irishman, and accordingly the Crown 

192 Castle Magne. 

took possession of it and appointed as Warder, or Con- 
stable, Captain Andrew Martyn who held office about a 
year when he was killed in the attack on Fort-del-Ore. 
In 1583 the Constable of Castlemagne was Captain 
Cheston and to him succeeded John Savage. In 15S4 
Captain Thomas Spring (v. Appendix) was appointed 
to the Constableship which he held till his decease in 
1597. Sir YVarham St. Leger then held the office for two 
years, when the Sugan Earl of Desmond surprized the 
Castle and gave it into the keeping of Thomas Oge 
Fitzgerald who surrendered it to Sir George Carew. In 
1602 Sir Charles Wilmot was the Constable, and to him 
succeeded Sir Thomas Roper, afterwards Lord Baltinglass 
the father in law of Sir Edward Denny. In 1641 the 
latter either on his own account, or as the deputy of Sir 
Thomas, held the Castle, and was directed by Lord 
Kerry, Governor of the County, to surrender it into the 
charge of Captain Thomas Spring the son of the former 
Constable of his name. Castle Magne was soon after 
taken from Spring by the Mac Carthys and they held it 
throughout the war until 1649. when it is said to have 
been dismantled by the castle destroying Cromwellians. 
No more Constables were appointed until after the 
Revolution, when the office was suddenly revived for 
the sole use and benefit of Sir Richard Cox who held 
it for three successive reigns. He died in 1733 and the 
old ruin was then solemnly delivered into the charge of 
a certain Charles Bodens, to hold by Patent " as Cox 
held " run the words, no doubt at a substantial salary. 
To him succeeded a Thomas Helcott, and then Major 
Botet, a descendant of a chaplain of the house of Lixnaw 

Castle 71 fa one. 193 

continued in the onerous post until his death in 1810. 
To the Major succeeded a Colonel named Cuffe, an 
illegitimate scion of the house of Tyrawley, and then the 
old sinecure passed away for ever into the national dust- 
bin, and that mysterious functionary the Commissioner 
of the Woods and Forests took possession of the broken 
foundation stones on the bridge, a few miserable cabins, 
and a few acres of woodless and fo restless ground in 
its immediate vicinity. There is a curious en^raviim 
in Pacata Hibernia of Castlemagne (as it appeared in 
1600) representing the old fortress as completely cover- 
ing the bridge. 


Depositions Connected tiuffj 1641. 

(mss. t. c. d.) 
§f|£^DWARD VOAKLEY (Vauclier) late of 

^&5 Tralee in the Barony of Trughenackmy. 

§XJ/~ti County of Kerry, gent, being duly sworn 
•^^s anc i examined before me by virtue of a 
Commission for Enquiring into the losses sustained by 
his Majesty's loyal subjects in the late troubles, deposeth 
and saith : That upon the 20th of January 1641, he 
lost, was robbed and forcibly despoyled of his goods and 
chatties to the several values following, viz. — of cowes, 
horses, mares, oxen, sheep and swine to the value of 
^400; of household stufie to the value of j£zi : of 
ready money to the value of ^120; of wearing apparel 
to the value of ,£50 : of corn and hay, in house and 
haggard, to the value of ^260 : of debts to the value of 
^£500, which, ere this rebellion, were esteemed good 
debts, but now are become desperate, by reason some of 
the debtors are become impoverished Protestants as John 
Mason, John Barrett, Arthur Rawleigh and divers others 

Depositions Connected with 1 641. 195 

which this deponent did not now remember; and the 
rest, papists and rebels, as Garrett Fitz-Gerald of Bally- 
McDaniel, gent, Finnine McDermott Carthy of Glaner- 
ought, gent, Thomas Malone of the parish of Clogher- 
brien, gent, Edmond More O'Shane of Ardglasse, gent, 
Cnogher Trassey of Ballinorough, husbandman, Phelim 
Mac Fineen Carthy of Dromavallagh, gent, Christopher 
Hickson of Knockglass, gent, John Granal of same, gent, 
all of the County of Kerry, and divers others which this 
deponent cannot now remember. Also he says, that by 
means of this rebellion he is dispossessed of the benefit of 
certain leases in the County of Kerry; as first, of the 
lease of New Manour, near Traly aforesaid, where he had 
a term of eighty years to run and upwards, worth above 
the landlord's rent ^£70 per annum : in which, together 
with his improvements and housing now burnt down to 
the ground, he is damnified to the value of ^600. Also 
a lease of certayn lands in Ballymullen, wherein he had 
a term of eleven years, if a certain woman so long lived, 
with ;£io above the landlord's rent wherein he conceives 
himself damnified in ^50. Also another lease of Gorth- 
a-Teample, wherein he had a tenure of 97 years, worth 
above the landlord's rent £7 per annum, damnified 
herein ^100. Also certain leases of certayne houses in 
the towne of Tralee, wherein he had a tenure of 99 years 
to come, all of them being burnt all to three, the number 
burnt 13, he conceives himself damnified to the value of 
^£600 ; the whole of his losses in goods and chatties 
amounting to the value of ,£3,600. Also he saith his 
goods were taken away by Garret Fitzjames Gerald of 
Bally- McDanjel, and Walter Hussey of Castle- Gregory, 

196 Depositions Connected with 1641. 

gent, and their followers. His household stuffe and 
money were taken by the besiegers of Tralee whereof 
these were the chief ; Donnel Mac Cartie of Castel- 
Lough in said county, gent ; Florence Mac Cartie, 
formerly living with his father O'Donovan, in the County 
Corke, gent ; Garret McPatrick of Aghamore, gent ; 
Finine Mac Dermot Carthy of Glanerought, gent, Captain 
among the rebels ; Donogh Mac Feinnine Cartie of 
Ardtully gent ; Captain Teige McDermot Mac Cormack 
Cartie of near the Currans, gent ; Captain Dermot 
O'Dingle O'Moriarty of Ballinacourty — and Captain 
Donnell Mc Moriarty of Castle-Drum — and Captain 
O'Sullivan-More of Dunkeeron Esq. ; Captain Fineen 
Mc Daniel Carthy, alias Captain Sugane, near Glaner- 
ought, gent, and divers others to the number of above 
one thousand. He also saith that Donnel Mac Moriarty 
of Castle-Drum aforesaid, gent, hath possessed himself of 
his house in Tralee, and certain other tenements belong- 
ing to that house. Also, he saith that divers Protestants 
to the number of forty, as 

Arthur Barham of Clogherbrien. 

Robert Brooke of Carrignafeely. 

Robert Lentall, Tralee. 

Thomas Arnold, Tralee. 

John Cade, Tralee. 

Griffin Floyd of Killarney. 

William Wilson of Killarney, dyer. 

Donnell O'Connor of Killarney, maltster. 

Robert Warham of Tralee. 

John Godolphin of Tralee, shoe maker. 

Hugh Roe of same place, barber. 

Depositions Connected with 1641. 197 

Benjamin Weedon, hosier. 
Henry Knight, tailour. 

Richard Hore of New Manour, husbandman, 
were all treacherously killed by O'Sullivan-More of Dun- 
keeron, and his followers to the number of five or six 
hundred. This deponent having the command of the 
said Protestants, there being two more that escaped ; 
and this deponent saved his life by leaping off a rock into 
the sea, being enforced to swim at least a mile, and so 
got away, having first received fourteen wounds with 
swords and skeans, and one shot in the right shoulder, 
and one deepe wound in his back with a pike ; this was 
done about midsummer last 1642 near Ballinskelligs in 
said county. He also said that eleven men and one 
women were murdered on the 15th of January last, 
coming out of the county of Kerry from the Castel of 
Ballincartin, which was then lately yielded upon quarter, 
in which they were ; they were murdered in the moun- 
tains near Newmarket, by the rebels of Corke and 
McAuliffe of Duhallow in the county Corke. The names of 
those that were murdered were these, 

John Ellis of Ballyduffe in said County and his eldest 

Andrew Murgan, of the Currens, butcher, 

Elizabeth Dashwood, wife of William Dashwood of 
Tralee, shoemaker. 

Hugh Williams of Ballymariscall, 

Thomas Goodwin, of the Currens, 

John Wallis, servant to the Ward of Ballycartin and 
divers others to the number of eleven. 
This deponent also saith that, about midsummer last, 

igS Depositions Co mice fed with 1641. 

being employed by Sir Edward Denny, his captain from 
Corke into the county of Kerry, to give notice to the 
Castle Ward, which were in some distresse, to prevent 
the yielding of the hold to the enemy, upon his intelli- 
gence of the Lord Forbes, his coming towards those parts 
to relieve them, he was, by the way, taken prisoner 
about the blackwake in the middle of the mountain 
called Slieve-Lougher, by Teigue Mc Auliffe of Castle 
Mac Auliffe, Bawne Mc Auliffe, Connagher Ceogh, near 
Liscarroll, and Owen O'Callaghan of near Newmarket, 
to the number of 500 men, who brought him to the camp 
near Adare, where there were about 7000 then prepared 
to fight against the English, among whom were Garrett 
Barry their General — Patrick Purcell, Lieutenant-General 
— Charles Henecy, Serjeant-Major General — Garrett Pur- 
cell Lieutenant-Colonel — Lord Roche — The Lord of 
Castle-Connell (Bourke) — Baron of Loghmoe alias Theo- 
bald Purcell — O'Siillivan Beare — O'Sullivan More — 
Dominick Fannin Mayor of Lymerick — Edmund Fitz- 
Thomas Fitzgerald, Captain. Deponent was detained 
twenty-three days, but after exchanged for Captain 
James Browne taken at Newtown a little before. He 
also saith that while in restraint, he heard it generally 
spoken among them that — " they (the rebels) fought for 
the King's prerogative and that we were the rebels and 
traitours." and that they were not preferred to any places 
of honour, and that they were not made Judges of Assize, 
and that they had not the liberty of their religion. He 
also saith that the besiegers of Tralee burnt Sir Edward 
Denny's Castle there, with the greater part of the town, 
to the number of one hundred houses at least, also 

Depositions Connected with 1641. 1 


Richard Hoarc of New Manour had his houses burnt to 
the number of four by the said besiegers at the time of 
the siege and further he cannot depose. 

Edw. Vauclier. 

Jurat Cord Nobis, 21 Martii, 1 642 

Phil. Besse. Benjamin Baraster. 

at *iS - 

C&c j r orfciturce of 1688. 

~71 n^S£ HOSE who desire to understand something of 

the manner m winch forfeited estates were 

im^j t^^r disposed of after the Boyne, cannot do bet- 
CStf^e^H ter t b an stU( j v t i ie vei y valuable "Memoir 

of Mapped Surveys of Ireland from 1688 to 1864" by 
W. M. Hardinge Esq. reprinted from the 24th volume of 
Transactions of the R. I. A. and dedicated to Lord 
Palmerston. A brief glance at this interesting subject 
is all that the limited space at our disposal will permit. 

Several Commissions of Enquiry into the extent and 
value of forfeited estates here appointed after the Boyne, 
but the returns sent in were defective and no mapped 
surveys were ever taken as in 1641. The large grants 
made by William the Third in the first years of his reign 
to his favourites and their friends excited a strong feeling 
of discontent, and in 1 699 the English Parliament ap- 
pointed seven Commissioners of their own body to 
reconsider the whole question, with a view of revoking 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 201 

the grants and selling the escheated lands for the benefit 
of the Treasury. The work of these Commissioners, it 
may be easily imagined was no easy one, disputes and 
difficulties arose even amongst themselves and three out 
of the seven refused to co-operate with the rest. The 
remaining four Francis Annesly, James Hamilton, John 
Trenchard and Henry Langford, drew up and signed a 
Report which has been about the best abused document 
of the kind that was ever yet issued. It greatly offended 
William and therefore, of course, Lord Macaulay con- 
demns it, as being mainly the production of Trenchard 
whom he describes as an unscrupulous pamphleteer, wil- 
ling to combine with Tories and republicans to anno) 
the King and the Whig party. To the Irish Orangemen 
on the other hand, and to such of the Jacobites as had 
been included under the Articles of Limerick, it was 
equally offensive, as it alleged that both classes had 
combined to conceal the real value and extent of the 
forfeitures to the detriment of the Treasury and the 
public service. Whatever mixture of factious and selfish 
motives may have influenced Trenchard and his col- 
leagues, no one who knows Ireland and the Irish tho- 
roughly, and who has read the Report at length amongst 
the Lansdowne MSS. in the British Museum (I believe 
it has never been printed) can doubt that many of its 
statements are most likely to have been true to the letter. 
Mr. Llardinge condemns the calculations of the Com- 
missioners as to the value of the forfeitures. While they 
estimated the gross value of all lands justly escheated at 
^2,685, 1 30 he considers that they were worth only 
^1,381.100. But he admits that there is no possibility 

202 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

at present of ascertaining the amount of land restored 
out of the forfeitures to persons who were subsequently 
declared (often enough on slender grounds) to be inno- 
cent, and that it is only possible to form an " approximate 
estimate" of it, and to arrive at the truth of the value of 
the lands actually forfeited and sold by examining the 
existing deeds of bargain and sale executed and delivered 
to purchasers, a labour which he has undertaken with 
great care and accuracy. However correct the result of 
his calculations from the materials at hand undoubtedly 
is, we must remember that the Commissioners complained 
that there were many persons restored who were not 
really innocent, and whose lands ought to have been 
included with those sold. We know too that in 1588 
and in 16 41 but especially at the former period the rules 
respecting the forfeited lands were disregarded (v. The 
Seignory of Castle Island p. 1S7,) and that frequently the 
English grantees, anxious to leave Ireland, sold or con- 
veyed away their lands to a junior branch of the forfeit- 
ing family, while in other cases the Irish of English 
descent helped the old Irish their connexions by mar- 
riage to " conceal " lands, or to retain their value by 
fictitious trusts and incumbrances, so that there is every 
reason to believe that the Report of 1699 did not much 
exaggerate the way in which the Treasury was cheated. 

The truth is that the succession of Viceroys or Lords 
Justices from the Boyne to the year 1 700, the officials, 
the army, and the honourable members of the Houses of 
Parliament having disposed of the common foe, were 
jealously and angrily quarrelling over the common spoil. 
The Lords Justices, according to Macaulay, loved money 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 203 

even more than they hated Roman Catholicism, and the 
clemency which they extended to members of that creed 
who could bid a fair price for it, and who yielded an ex- 
ternal submission to the Government, discontented the 
Protestant Irish who dreaded the weakening of their as- 
cendancy and preferred besides that any jobbing which 
did take place with doubtful " innocents," should not be 
carried on by the officials but by themselves in their own 
old peculiar fashion for their private use and profit. The 
sixth Section of the Report signed by the four Commis- 
sioners states that, — " Great quantities of land found in 
the Inquisitions have not been put in charge to your 
Majesty, nor appear in the Rent Rolls, and many deno- 
minations appear in the Rent Rolls, of which no Inqui- 
sitions were taken at all, and a great many other parcells 
of lands are mentioned in the grants which are neither 
found in the Inquisitions or Rent Rolls, and some in the 
Sub-Commissioner's returns which are found no where 
else, and there be many more of which we can trace no 
footsteps." The seventh Section says that although there 
had been no direct disobedience of orders that—" We 
{i.e. the Commissioners) must take notice that we had 
from few officers that dispatch which was necessary to 
the work we had the honour to be employed in, but whe- 
ther this proceeded from any unwillingness to obey us, 
the multitude of business or the irregular method of keep- 
ing their books we do not affirm." The 21st Section 
states that the Articles of Limerick and Galway were too 
favourably explained, so that " many persons were ad- 
judged within them often on the testimony of one per- 
jured witness, and their estates restored which ought 

204 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

justly to have been forfeited, and that more persons were 
adjudged within the said Articles since the arrival of the 
Commissioners in Dublin than had been in the seven 
previous years." 

The Commissioners further state that they " sent to 
Mr. Palmer for minutes of those adjudications but he 
took them in short hand only and never since transcribed 
them" so they could not be submitted to the king for his 
perusal. Many of the incumbrances charged on the 
estates were reported as fictitious, and some of them, as- 
signed to <; innocents"' in trust for forfeiting proprietors. 
The Sub-Commissioners appointed after the Boyne to 
value forfeitures had according to the Report either made 
fraudulent returns, or embezzled the goods and money, 
and the Collectors of Revenue had done the same but it 
was hopeless to get the plunder back as no one was will- 
ing to give evidence against the plunderers. Section 52 
states that : — " the estates do not yield so much as is said 
to the grantees for as most of them have abused your 
Majesty in the real value of their grants so their agents 
have imposed on them, and have either sold or set a 
great part of these lands greatly under their value." Sec- 
tion 73 states that by the Commissioners' own observation 
in the country, " a great many acres called unprofitable 
in the surveys are now profitable and many of them as 
good as any in the kingdom." Sections 75 and 77 notice 
the great waste committed on forfeited woods, <; especially 
those of Sir Valentine Brown in Kerry, whose woods to 
the value of ,£20,000 have been cut down and destroyed,'' 
and '• the grantees and their agents sell the trees for six- 
pence a piece." The lands of Feltrim forfeited bv Chris- 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 205 

topher Fagan had been granted to Sir Thomas Coningsby, 
who according to the Report sold them to Chief Justice 
Hely and Peter Goodwin, and these new proprietors 
" cut down the very ornamental trees and groves about 
the mansion house." The woods on O'Shaughnessy's 
lands in Galway valued at ^12,000 and sold to Toby 
Butler Esq. for ^2,500 were wasted in the same way, 
and when Government appointed a person to view and 
value the trees Butler threatened to indict him. 

The men for Galway generally were a sore trouble to 
the Commissioners, who report that there were but very 
few Protestants in that county, and that therefore the 
Inquisitions were conducted very much as the forfeiting 
persons pleased, and that all manner of fictitious trusts 
and incumbrances were set up, while it was impossible to 
procure the conviction of a rebel. " A late instance of 
this" continues the Report "might be given, at the 
assizes recently held in Galway where nearly forty persons 
were brought on their tryalls for the rebellion, and the 
majority of the Jury that had them in charge were officers 
in the late King James's army and adjudged in the 
articles, and after that 'twere needless to say the prisoners 
were all acquitted, tho' by accident 'twas discovered that 
one Kirwan. one of them, was in actuall rebellion and 
an officer in King James' army under the very Foreman 
himself, who was sworn to that Fact, which was a sur- 
prizing difficulty to the Jury who not well knowing how to 
cquit him upon so direct a proof, resolved that the Dice 
hould determine, and so the Jury among themselves 
hrew the Dice who should absent himself, and the lot 
ailing upon one Mr. Prendergass he did absent himself 

206 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

accordingly, and so no verdict was given on the said Mr. 
Kirwan." Trafficking in pardons the Commissioners 
state Mas carried on extensively by ladies as well as 
gentlemen in the Viceregal Court while quantities " oi~ 
rich goods and household stuffe " delivered by the Com- 
missioners of Revenue to the Lords Justices "were never 
accounted for nor left in the Castle at their departure for 
England." One good turn deserves another and while 
the Lords Justices were allowed by the Revenue Com- 
missioners to depart with those little souvenirs of the 
Emerald Isle in their baggage the 88th Section of the 
Report states that, — " Many of the Revenue officials 
seized parcells of land for themselves and some of the 
lands were taken in trust for them particularly the lands 
of Kerdifstown which were let to Henry Fernihy (v. 
(ien. Rec. p. 67.) who was a nominal person in trust for 
Mr. Commissioner Culliford at ^31 16 per an. though 
actually valued at ^84. Several other forfeited lands 
were taken by said Mr. Culliford and great quantities of 
goods seized by him to your Majesty's use which he 
afterwards converted to his own." 

Then Mr. Trenchard and his colleagues (ces enfants 
tcrribles) revert to Kerry and in the 89th Section report, — 
" Besides the great abuses in the manner of the cants, we 
humbly represent to your Majesty one instance of a con- 
siderable estate that was let without any cant at all, 
by direction from the Lords Justices for at least /iooo 
per an. less than it was then worth, and for a term of 
sixty one years though a letter from your Majesty dated 
the ( ) day of March 1696 commanded to let it for a 
terme not exceeding twenty- one yeares, -and at a time too 

77/r Forfeitures of 168S. 207 

when one ycarc and a half was unexpired on another 
tenant, this is a Lease of the estate of Sir Valentine and 
Nicholas Browne, commonly called Lord Kenmare, 
within the counties of Kerry and Limerick made to John 
Blennerhassett and George Rogers Esqs., then Members 
of the Parliament of this kingdom. "The Rogers family 
were connected by marriage with the Ballyseedy Blen- 
ncrhassetts. {v. Gen. Rec. p. 36.) Lord Kenmare's estate 
after escaping a succession of perils which form a small 
romance in themselves was happily preserved to his 
descendants, Queen Mary meanwhile granting his wife 
and children an annuity, which was confirmed by the 
Privy Seal of William 29th September 1692. While 
reading the tale of his hardships, (endured through a 
disinterested though mistaken loyalty.) and of the traffick- 
ing in his hereditary estates by honourable members and 
English Commissioners, it must however be remembered, 
that just one hundred years before the Boyne his ancestor, 
Nicholas Brown, had endeavoured to inflict hardships 
just as great on the widow and heiress of the Mac Carthy 
Mor, Earl of Clancare, until Elizabeth and the Council 
interfered and required him to restore a large portion of 
their inheritance. It would be worse than useless to turn 
back to those " blotted pages " of the History of Ireland 
were it not our aim to draw from thence a lesson, which 
however it seems to partake of the nature of a truism, 
can never be too plainly set forth nor too deeply im- 
pressed on the minds of Irishmen, that no section, class 
or creed of their predecessors stands free from the charge 
of persecution and harsh dealing in the old times happily 
past away. Unless this lesson is taken to heart the 

208 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

history of Ireland had better remain a sealed book to the 
present generation of its people. Much has been said of 
the selfish policy of " Divide and Rule " which once 
actuated our English governors, but in nine cases out of 
ten England found these miserable divisions ready 
made, and has had by the strong hand to prevent their 
spread and development reducing the island to a state of 
semi-barbarous anarchy. 

The result of the Report returned by the four Com- 
missioners was the passing of the "Act of 2 William III 
for granting an Aid to his Majesty by a Land Tax in 
England and by sale of Forfeited Estates in Ireland." 
This Act at once revoked all the grants of Irish forfeited 
lands made by letters patent or otherwise since the 
accession of William and Mary, with the exception of 
seven, two out of the lucky seven being the grants 
made to Dean John Leslie, ancestor of the present 
Robert Leslie Esq. of Tarbert House. All the rest 
of the forfeited estates were vested in the Commis- 
sioners Hamilton, Langford, Annesley and Trenchard, 
and nine other gentlemen as trustees who also constituted 
a Court of Record with power to hear all claims and 
decide upon them. When this was done the estates 
remaining were sold publicly on a certain day appointed 
at Chichester House, Dublin, and the prices paid into the 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 209 


Of several Estates in the County Kerry belong- 
ing to the Governors and Company, for making 
Hollow Sword Blades, with the quantity of acres 


I. Jn the barony of Trughenackmy : — Scartagliny 
Knockealy, Middle Carkir, Loghnemealagh, half of 
Droumultanemore and East Carkir, Dereen, Ardriga- 
vale, Knocknapoole, Mulleen, Commons of Mulleen and 
Dereen, Inchiaconnor, Kilsharrean, Ballykintawra, Glaun- 
leagh alias Knockbegg Caungillagh, the Mills of Cugger- 
igh, Ballymountane, Lanereahill, Moyglass, Scart Fedane, 
Red Bogg, Ballynally, three fifths of O'Brenane, Knock 
anadane, Tyleagh, part of Farrangaluse, Fienferagh. In 
the barony of Clanmaurice : — Ballvnorig, Red Bogg, 
Bally mac Andrew, Glandahilane, Tyrshanahane, Bally 
louchane, Ardconnell, Killakelles east and west. In the 
barony of Magonihy : — Cloundonogan, Kilknockane, 
Cahirdonogh, Knockanaulgart and Shyauns. Total of 
acres forfeited 23,774. Forfeiting Proprietor Sir Patrick 
Trant. II. In the barony of Corcaguiny : — Ballylugger, 
Fannevoldig, Faneigrah, Farrantinsheine, Ballywith, Bally- 
gowrid, Ballinsdowning, Miiltown and Kilbrack, Bogg, 
Kilfountanc, Kilfanogy, Rynavorke, part of Cahirtrant. 
Total of acres forfeited, 1,379. Forfeiting Proprietor^ 

2 1 o The Fo rfeiiu res of 1 6 8 8 . 

Nicholas Skiddy. III. In the barony of Corcaguiny : — 
Loughtown and Ventry. Total of Acres forfeited 252. 
Forfeiting Proprietor, Thomas Skiddy. IV. In the 
same barony: — Bally more containing 210 acres. For- 
feiting Proprietor, John Gould. V. In the same barony 
Deelis containing 254 acres. Forfeiting Proprietor 
Ambrose Moore. VI. In the barony of Glanerought : — 
Kilgariff, Gortlahir, Inshinagh, Rushine, Gortniskeagh 
Gortlihard, Toonegarrah, Clogheaharrune, Total of acres 
1964, Forfeiting Proprietor, Daniel Mac Fineen Car- 
thy. VII. In the barony of Clanmorris, Duaghnafeely, 
Ballinreallig, Knockandrivale, Knockavallig, Kilcarron. 
Total of acres not stated, Forfeiting Proprietor James 


Of Lands forfeited by the Rice family in the 
Barony of Corcaguiny County Kerry in 1641 — SS. 

Lands of Ballinvanig, Balintaggart, part of Garfmnagh, 
Reenbane, Killdrumvilloge, Cloghancahane, Ventry, 
Ballinpursone, Two moieties of Cahir Trant, Chrone, 
Lisnalenevuteagh, Cullinogh Bogg. Gortcengarry, Ffarren- 
quiily, Rieske, LisYullane, Ffarrensobeg, Imilagh, Bally- 
nagh, Connoghlane, Killcooley, Garranes, Ferriters 
quarter, Ffarrenla title, Ballyoughtra, Ballinabuolly, 
Farrenmacredmond Gortydrusligg, Ballingolin, Forfeiting 
Proprietors, Andrew Rice, Dominick Rick, Stephen 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 21 1 

Rice and his son Edward, James rice Fitz Pierce, 
Edward Rice, James Rice Fitz James, Edward Rice 
Fitz Richard, Dominick Rice Fitz Stephen and his 
son Edward, Pierce Rice, Patrick Rice Fitz 
Richard, Joanna Rice, Patrick Rice Fitz Thomas, 
Dominick Rice Fitz Patrick, Pierse Rice a child, 
the heir of Dominick Fitz Richard Rice. Grantee, 
the Countess of Mountrath. II. Lands of East 
Carruduffe, Glandine, Behinagh part of West Moyge alias 
Ballykiiockane Forfeiting Proprietors Dominick Rice 
Fitz Gerrot, Stephen Rice and his son Edward and 
Dominick Rice, Grantee John Carrick. III. Lands of 
Coyle, part of West Moyge Killenardrum, Glanties, For- 
feiting Proprietors same as in No. III. Grantee, Chid- 
ley Coote. IV. Lands of Ballyristm, Ballybuolin, part 
of Garfinnagh, Ballyneentigg. Forfeiting Proprietors 
Dominick Rice and his son Edward and Andrew Rice. 
Grantee Sir Theophilus Jones. V. Lands of Dinilish 
in the parish of Kill in v, Forfeiting Proprietor, Thomas 
Mac Philip Rice. Grantee Christian Rice and part 
to Hollow Sword Blade Company. VI. Lands of 
Garfmiagh. Forfeiting Proprietor, Andrew Rice. 
Grantee Oliver Ormesby. 

212 The Forfeitures of 1688. 


of Claims on lands forfeited in the County Kerry 
in the Revolution of 1688, extracted from a work 
entitled — " A Book of Claims as they were entered with 
the trustees at Chichester House, Dub/in, on or before the 
10th of August , 1700. Printed at Dublin 1701." 

No. 75, Jane Savage West claims an Estate for lives on 
the lands of Mill town and Killbrack in the barony of 
Corcaguiny, by Deed dated 23d August 16S3, Witnesses, 
Frederick Mullens, Whittal Brown, Thomas Skiddy, and 
Dominick Rice, Forfeiting Proprietor Nicholas Skiddy. 
No. 200, Thomas Rice claims an Estate for ninety-nine 
years on the lands of Killfountane in the barony of Cor- 
caguiny, (determinable on payment of ;£SS) by Lease 
dated 9th May 1680; Witnesses, Dominick Trant, 
Dominick Rice, Thomas Rice, Edward Trant. Forfeiting 
Proprietor Nicholas Skiddy. No. 214, Nicholas 
Brown, commonly called Lord Kenmare, and Helen 
his wife claim ^400 per annum a Pension on the estates 
forfeited by him in Kerry, Cork, and Limerick, by her 
late Majesty's Letters dated 18th August 1693 and by 
his Majesty's Letter dated x6th March 1698. No. 258, 
Owen Daly claims an Estate for lives on the lands of 
Droumultanemore and Cahirkeagh by Lease dated nth 
October 16S0, Witnesses, McLoughlin O'Daly, William 
Bryan, Dominick Daly and Brian Daly, Forfeiting 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 213 

Proprietor, Sir Patrick Trant. No. 259, Cornelius 
Daly claims an Estate for lives on the lands of Droumul- 
tanemore and Carker by Lease dated nth October 16S0, 
Witnesses, Owen and Cornelius Daly, Forfeiting Pro- 
prietor, Sir Patrick Trant. Xo. 260. Loughlin Daly- 
claims an Estate for lives in the lands of Drournultanebeg 
and Middle Carker, by Lease dated nth October 1680, 
Witnesses Cornelius and Owen Daly, Daniel Cal- 
laghan and John Rourke, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir 
Patrick Trant. Xo. 337, Patrick Crosbie claims 
an Estate for forty-one years to commence from 1st of 
May 16S1, on the lands of Ballylong in the barony 
of Clanmorris by Lease dated 20th September 16S0, 
Witnesses, Wm. Bysse, Ambrose Moore, John Pierce, 
Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Patrick Trant. No. 354, 
Lord Kerry claims a Chief Rent in fee on the lands 
of Ballinorig, Ballymac Andrew and others, by Deeds 
of Lease and Release dated 10th of August 1666, For- 
feiting Proprietor, James Fitzmaurice. No. 355, Lord 
Kerry claims a Chief Rent of ^44 per annum on 
the lands of Duagb and Ballinrealig, Forfeiting Pro- 
prietor, J as Fitzmaurice. Xo. 356, Lord Kerry claims a 
Chiefry of ^44 per annum on the lands of Ballyconry, 
Forfeiting Proprietor, John Stack. No. 383, Thomas 
Trant claims a Mortgage in Fee for ^407 and interest 
on the lands of Fanevilodig, Faneferagh, Farrantinkeeine, 
Ballintosh, Balligvoida, Killmacadowning, Milltown and 
Killbrack in the barony of Corcaguiny, by Deed of 
Lease and Release dated 15th and 16th December 16S7, 
Witneses, John Xangle, Maurice Trant, Garret Trant, by 
fine and recovery pursuant thereto, Forfeiting Proprietor, 

214 Tke Forfeitures of 1688. 

Nicholas Skiddv. No 499, Helen Browne wife of 
Nicholas Browne, commonly called Lord Kenmare, 
claims ^10 per annum for life of the claimant (if she 
survives the said Nicholas) on the Manor, Castle, Town 
and Lands of Ross, Killarney, with the Market and Mills 
of Killanoss and (illegible) by Indenture dated 23d 
March 16S4, Witnesses, Thomas Browne, Richard Nagle, 
Thomas Rahilly and Cornelius Callaghan. No 500, 
Helen Browne wife of Nicholas Browne, alias Lord 
Kenmare, on behalf of Valentine and Thomas infant 
sons of said Helen and Nicholas claims an Estate by 
Remainder in Tail Male on the same lands as in No. 
499, by Deed dated 23d of March 1864, Witnesses, 
Thomas Browne, Richard Nagle, Thomas Rahilly and 
Cornelius Callaghan, Fine in Common Pleas, Easter 
Term, 3d January- 1684. No 501, Colonel Nicholas 
Purcell and Ellish his wife claim a portion of ,£3000 and 
interest on all the lands of Sir Valentine Browne, by his 
Deed dated 23d of March 16S4, by Will dated 7th June 
1690. Witnesses Teague Rahilly, Andrew Archibald, 
Patrick Piers and a saving in the Act of Parliament for 
portions of Sir Valentine Browne's daughters ; Forfeiting 
Proprietors, Lord Kenmare and Nicholas Browne 
his son. No. 502. Nicholas Bourke and Thomasine 
his wife claim a Portion of ^2000 and interest on all the 
Lands of Sir Valentine Browne, by his Deed dated 23rd 
March 1864, and Will dated 7th June 1690 and saving 
in the Act of Parliament. No. 555, Morrish Connell 
claims a Remainder in Special Tail on the Lands of 
Ballynehan, and others in the Counties Dublin and 
Kerry by Will of John Connell dated 17th January 1680: 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 215 

Witnesses, Thadee Connor, Timothy Connor, and Mur- 
tagh Moriarty ; Forfeiting Proprietors, Morrish and 
John Conxell. No. 605, George Aylmer and Mary his 
wife claim jQdoo part of their Portion on all the Lands 
of Sir Valentine Browne, on the same 'Pities as No. 
501, and same Witnesses. No. 620, Peter Trant claims 
a Mortgage of ninety-nine years for jQioo on Rynvarke 
and Kilfannoge, by Deed dated 27th September 16S1 
from Nicholas Skiddy to Dominick Trant to whom 
claimant is Administrator ; Witnesses Dominick Rice, 
Thomas Skiddy, Joshua Nagle and Dominick Nagle. 
No. 711, Ellinor Power claims an Estate for life on the 
lands of Coolcline, by writing dated 12th December 
16S7, Witnesses, John Brown and Dennis Connor, For- 
feiting Proprietor Nicholas Browne. No. 994, Melchior 
Levallin and Eliza his wife claim a remainder in Tail to 
claimant Eliza and a portion of ^2 00 for her maintenance 
on the lands of Dunmarke and Ballycarberry in Cork 
and Kerry by Tripartite Deed dated 2d November 1675, 
Witnesses, Elizabeth Lady Cahir, James Hackett Thomas 
Traverse and others, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Browne called Lord Kenmare. No. 102S, Anne Cor- 
naylis claims ^"iooo penalty conditioned for payment of 
^500 on the Lordship of Portarlington and all the other 
estates in Kildare, King's County, Queen's County, 
Dublin, Kerry and Limerick by Bond dated iSth 
February 16S7, Witnesses, Edmund Cotter, Patrick 
Trant and afterwards secured by Deeds of Lease and re- 
lease dated 2irst of May 6 J as. 1 1. Witnesses, Robert Brent . 
Patrick Trant, Thomas Sweetford, Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Sir Patrick Trant. No. 1052, Margaret Skiddy widow 

2i6 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

claims a Rent-charge of £S per an. for life by Indenture 
dated 23d December 1673 on a moiety of Cahir-Trant, 
Forfeiting Proprietor Nicholas Skiddy. No. 1054, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel John White on behalf of Cclina White 
alias Sheehy his wife claims a portion of £200 on Bally- 
carberry, Begnis and other lands by Deed dated 2d 
November 1675, Witnesses Elizabeth Lady Cahir, James 
Hacket and another, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kexmare. No. 1157, Katherine 
Brown one of the daughters of Sir Valentine Brown 
claims ^"2000 portion and ^60 per an. maintenance and 
arrears on Ross Killameyand other lands by Deed dated 
March 16S4 and by the last Will of Sir V. Brown, For- 
feiting Proprietor Sir Nicholas Browne. No 1158, 
Murtogh Griffin gent, as Administrator to Dame Helen 
Brown and on the behalf of Sir Valentine Browne 
and the rest of the children of the said Helen, claims 
^400 per annum, and the arrears thereof on the whole 
of Sir Valentine Browne's Estates, by a saving clause in 
the Act of Parliament. No. 1159, Anthony Hammond 
Esq. Administrator to Helen Browne and Guardian to 
her children, as in the preceding claims the same interest 
on the same Estate by some clause in the Act. No. 
1 186, Edward Herbert claims an assignment of an Estate 
for lives on two plow lands of Rathmore and Droum- 
reague, in the Barony of Magonihy, by Indorsement on 
back of a Lease for lives dated iSth September 1695, 
and Liveiy and Seizin from John Hussey whose Lease 
is dated 16th November 16S8; Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare ; the same 
claimant also claims an Assignment of Estate for lives on 

The Forfeitures 0/1688. 217 

the lands of Ardglass and Rossmore, by Deed dated 9th 
April 16S6, from John Fitzgerald ; Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 1225, 
James Bland, Archdeacon of Limerick, claims an Estate 
for three lives on a waste plot of ground with a back yard 
and gardens in the town of Killarney, by a Lease dated 
1 6th July 1695, Witnesses, James Eagar, Thomas Tuohil 
and others, from Thomas Edward Tuohil, who was 
Assignee to Daniel Tuohil, who was Lessee for three 
lives from the late Lord Kenmare by Deed dated 18th 
August 16S1; Forfeiting Proprietor Nicholas Browne 
alias Lord Kenmare. No. 1231, Robert Saunders, 
gent., claims an Estate for lives on the north half plow- 
lands of Knockrun in the Barony of Magonihy, by Lease 
dated 15th August 16S1, Forfeiting Proprietors, Sir 
Valentine and Nicholas Browne. No. 1239, William 
Kenny Esq. claims a Term as set forth on the lands of 
Mallin in the Barony of Trughenackmy, by Lease from 
George Rogers and others, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir 
Patrick: Trant. No. 1267, William Bridges Esq. 
claims a Mortgage in fee, subject to the payment of 
several debts due to claimant on the whole Estates in 
the Kings County, Queens County, Dublin, Limerick, 
Kerry, South Meath, etc., by Lease and Release dated 
20th and 2irst of May in the fourth year of James the 
Second, Y\ ltnesses, Robert Brent, Patrick Trant and 
Thomas Stratford, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Patrick. 
Trant. No. 1268, Anthony Rowe for himself and 
partners claims a Mortgage in Fee subject to ,£16,000 
due to Claimants on the whole Estate as in preceding 
by Lease and Release same date and same witnesses as 

218 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

there mentioned, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Patrick. 
Trant. No. 127S, Hugh Falvey Assignee of Dermot 
Falvey who was Administrator to Hugh Falvey deceased 
claims an Estate for Lives commencing 1st of May 
1675 on the two plowlands of Ballybrack and Killty 
in the barony of Magonihy by Lease dated 15th Sep- 
tember 1675, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 12S0, Thomas 
Crumpe claims a term commencing 1st May 1640 on 
the lands of Moyughtra and other lands by Lease 
dated 1st April 1640 and by several assignments came 
to claimant, Witnesses to Lease, Humphrey Borne, 
Daniel Sullivan, and Daniel Coleman, Forfeiting Pro- 
prietor, Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. 
No. 1 28 1, William Burnham claims an Estate for lives 
on a House in Killarney, by Lease dated 8th of August 
1680, Witnesses, John Brown and Patrick Fagan, For- 
feiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord 
Kenmare. No. 1282, Oliver Hussey claims an Estate 
for three lives on the plowlands of Reabeg, by Lease 
dated 16th of August 1681, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir 
Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 1285, 
Kyan Mahony, gent, claims an Estate for lives, com- 
mencing 29th September before the Lease on the plow- 
lands of Derrymillane by Lease dated 1st November 
1673 to Donogh Tuohy, Witnesses — Edward Daniell and 
another, and by several mesne Assignments came to 
claimant, Forfeiting Proprietor — Sir N. Browne alias 
Lord Kenmare. No. 12SS, Teague Sullivan, gent., 
claims an Estate for lives on a waste plot and tenement 
with a garden, by Lease dated 16S6, Witnesses, Valen- 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 219 

tine Claxton, and another ; the same claims an Estate 
for twenty-one years, commencing 18th of November 
16S7, on the Rock field and two other small fields, con- 
taining twenty acres, lying on the north-east of Killarney 
town, by Lease dated iSth November 16S7, Witnesses, 
William Ryan and another ; Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 12S9, 
Daniel O'Sullivan More claims an Estate in fee on two 
plowlands of Toomies by descent from Daniel O'Sul- 
livan his grandfather, Forfeiting Proprietor, Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kenmare. (?) No. 1290, Michael 
Galway, Merchant, claims a Residue of forty-one years 
commencing from May after the Lease on several plots 
of ground and a slate house in Killarney by Lease dated 
2nd December 1667 ; Witnesses, John Plunket and 
another, and came to claimant by Assignment in June 
166S; Forfeiting Proprietor, Nicholas Browne com- 
monly called Lord Kenmare. No. 1291, Christopher 
Fagan, Merchant, claims an Estate for lives on a Mes- 
suage Plot and Tenement in Killarney by Lease dated 
29th November 16S6 : Witnesses, Thade Rahilly, Der- 
mod Connor : The same claims an Estate for lives on a 
Tenement House and Garden in the same place, by 
Lease dated 24th May 16S5, Witnesses, John Fagan 
and Nicholas Carney, Forfeiting Proprietor, Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 129S, John Nagle 
in right of Ellen his wife, widow of James Galway, claims 
a Term for life on a House, back yard and garden and 
plot in Killarney, by Deed dated 10th November 16S4, 
Witnesses, Michael Galway, Edward Segerson, and 
another. The same claimant claims an Assignment of a 

220 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

Term of three lives, two in being, on the plowland of 
Coolcorkerane by original Lease dated nth August 
1687, and assignment to Claimant Ellen, dated 16th 
July 1694, Witnesses to Lease, John Browne, Dermod 
Connor and others, Witnesses to Assignment, Robert 
Mayne, Walter Nagle and Brian Carney, Forfeiting 
Proprietor, Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Ken- 
mare. No. 13S2. Edward Herbert claims an Estate for 
lives on three plowlands of Rathmore and Droumreague, 
by Lease dated 1 6th November 168S to John Hussey 
who, in September 1696, assigned to Claimant, For- 
feiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas Browne commonly 
called Lord Kenmare. No. 1314) Michael Falkner, 
gent, claims an Estate for lives on Gortroe, Lackabaune, 
and Flessagh, by Assignment dated 19th February 1696, 
of two Leases from Sir Valentine Browne to Abraham 
Batten which Leases were lost in the late troubles ; For- 
feiting Proprietor, Nicholas Browne alias Lord Ken- 
mare. No. 1393, Whitehall Brown and Obadiah Brown 
claim an Estate for three lives renewable for ever on 
a plot of ground in Ross, and some Land elsewhere 
by Lease dated 1st May 1673, Witnesses, Whitehall 
Brown and Cornelius Leary, Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 
142S. Dermod Falvey, Administrator of Hugh Falvey, 
claims a Term of twenty-one years, commencing 1st May, 
1675, on seventy- two acres of Gornocloghimore and 
other Lands, by Lease dated 12th November 1674, and 
also a ^26 debt on said Lands secured and witnessed 
by Bond dated as above ; Witnesses, Hugh Falvey, 
jDermod Falvey, and others, Forfeiting Proprietor, 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 22 1 

Humphrey Lyne. No. 1429, James Waller claims an 
Annuity or Rentcharge of j£6 per annum, on Gort- 
laghane and other Lands in Glanerough by Indenture 
dated 1st November 16S4, Witnesses Daniel O'Sul- 
livan, Michael Crofton, and another, Forfeiting Pro- 
prietor Daniel Mac Carthy. No. 1749, Dermod 
Leary, gent, claims a residue of 200 years on the Lands 
of Droumduhig and others, by Lease dated in the year 
1663, from Sir Valentine Browne to James Fitzgerald 
Esq. who assigned to Ferdinand Leary, and came to 
his great grandson ; Forfeiting Proprietor — Sir Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 1750, Edward 
Denny Esq. claims a Reversion in fee after the determi- 
nation of a Lease for lives, on the Lands of East Kerries 
and plowlands of Kerne's Commons in the Barony of 
Trughenackmy, by Lease dated 17th March 1679, fro m 
claimant to Maurice Hussey, Forfeiting Proprietor 
Maurice Hussey. No. i 751, Edward Denny Esq. 
claims a Rentcharge of £2 per annum, a Chiefry on the 
Lands of Carrignafeely alias Carrignabrusher, and part of 
Ballymac Ulick, by descent from Sir Edward Denny, 
Forfeiting Proprietor — William Ryeves. No. 1752, 
Edward Denny Esq. claims a Chiefry of jQ^ per 
annum, on the Lands of O'Brennan, Ballymullen and 
Tynesory, by descent from Sir Arthur Denny claimant's 
father, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Patrick Trant ; 
the same claimant claims a Chiefry of 10s. per annum on 
the Lands of Tylogh, Listry, and Gortnacloghy, by Deed 
dated 2nd June 16S4, from Maurice and Elizabeth 
Ferriter to claimant, Forfeiting Proprietor — John Lyne. 
No. 1757, Tiegue Mac Cormick Carthy, gent, on behalf of 

222 The Forfeitures of 16S8. 

Daniel and Anne Mac Carthy, minors, claims an Estate 
for lives on the three plowlands of Kilquane in the 
Barony of Magonihy by Lease dated 6th August i6Si,to 
Owen Mac Cormick Carthy who assigned to Claimant 
Tiegue in trust for minors; Witness to Lease, John 
Brown and another, and to Assignment Daniel Leary 
and another, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kexmare. No. 1760, Walter 
Nagle, son and heir of Thomas Nagle, claims an Estate 
for lives on a House and garden in Killarney, by Lease 
dated 15th June 16S4, Witnesses, John Galway and 
another, Forfeiting Proprietor — Sir Nicholas Browne 
alias Lord Kexmare. No. 1764 — Daniel Donoghue, 
son and heir of Tiegue Donoghue, gent, claims an Estate 
for lives in the Lands of Laghearne by Lease dated iSth 
October 1675 to Claimants father, Witnesses, Edward 
Daniell and another, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 1765, Miles 
Moriartv, gent, claims an Estate for lives in Knock- 
anea and Coolteen by Lease dated 8th August 16S1, 
Witnesses, Murtagh Downing and another. No. 1777, 
Maurice Fitzgerald Esq. claims a Chief Rent of 13s. 4d. 
per annum, on the Lands of Brianin in the Barony of 
Trughenackmy, by descent as son and heir of John 
Fitzgerald, who was son and heir of John Fitzgerald, 
Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Patrick Trant. No. 177s, 
Ticue Mahonv, [rent, claims a Residue of fortv-one 
years, commencing 1st May before Lease to claimant's 
father, which is dated 1st November 1671. on the Lands 
of Droumidisart and other Lands. Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kexmare. No. 

The Forfeitures of 1 588. 223 

1779, J onn Mahony, son and heir of Tiegue Mahony, 
claims a Remainder of a Term of ninety-nine years, 
commencing 1st November 1674, on two plowlands of 
East Kilhnudy by a Deed dated 1st January 1674, to 
said Tiegue and another, and afterwards by writing on 
dividend settled on said Tiegue who settled same on 
Claimant on his marriage, by Articles dated 23rd 
January 16S6, Witness, Egan Egan, Ellen Ferriter and 
another; Forfeiting Proprietor — Doxogh Earl of 
Claxcarthv. No. 17 S3, Edmund Tuohy claims a 
Term for three lives, two in being, on the Lands of 
Ballybane and Gortroe, and others, by Deed dated 10th 
July 166S, Witness, Christopher Galway, Donogh Tuohy 
and another, Forfeiting Proprietor — Sir Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kemiare. No. 17S5, Piers Arthur 
and Margaret his wife, late widow of Edward Rice Fitz 
James, claim a Jointure of ^150 per annum, arrears and 
charges, on the Lands of Branseen House in the Barony 
of Connelloe, County Limerick, and on the Lands of 
Ballyneety and others in the County of Kerry, by Articles 
and Settlement pursuantby Lease andRelease, Witnesses — ■ 
Philip Stackpoolc, John Arthur, and another. No. 17S6, 
Thomas Arthur and Elizabeth his wife, sole daughter 
of Edward Rice claim a Portion of ^900, and main- 
tenance on the same Lands by same Settlement, and an 
additional Portion of ^300 on same Lands by Will 
dated 16th November 1690. Witnesses, Denis O'Connor 
and Owen Kelly. No. 1787, Francis Gavan for himself 
and Elinor his wife claims a Portion of ^397. 13s. 4d. 
and interest on the same Lands, by Will of James Rice 
Claimant Elinor's father, dated 6th February 1679. 

224 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

Witnesses, John and Edward Rice and confirmed by 
Decree in Chancery dated igth February 1695. ^»°- 
1 788, Thomas Rice and Mary his wife claim a Portion 
of ^200 and interest on the same Lands, by the 
same Will and afterwards by a Decree in Chancery. 
No. 1789, John Trant, only son of Richard, claims 
a debt of ^875 remainder of ^2200 due on the 
whole Estate in Kildare, Kings and Queens Counties, 
Dublin, South Meath, Kerry and Limerick by Will of 
Claimant's father to Sir Patrick Trant in Trust for 
Claimant, and by Lease and Release dated 21st May, 
4th James the Second, wherein there is a provision for 
all Sir Patrick's debts, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Patrick 
Trant. No. 1733, Anne Fitzmaurice, Widow, claims a 
jointure on the Lands of Duaghnafeely, alias Ballygrea- 
lig, in the Barony of Clanmorris, by Settlement dated 
1 6th March 16S0. Witnesses, James Fitzmaurice and 
another, Forfeiting Proprietor, James Fitzmaurice. No. 
1934, Garret Fitzmaurice, a minor, by Anne Fitzmaurice 
his grandmother, claims an Estate in fee after the death 
of Anne on the same Lands by the last mentioned Deed, 
Forfeiting Proprietor, James Fitzmaurice. No. 2095, 
Alice O'Donoghue Widow and Administratrix of Geoffrey 
O'Donoghue, claims a Residue of ninety-nine years 
determinable on payment of ^£120 Mortgage, and the 
Equity of Redemption of said Mortgage, on the Lands 
of Cleagagh and Clunicalleen in Maghonihy, by Lease 
dated 1st May 1674 from Callaghan late Earl of Clan- 
earthy, to claimant's husband, and by Deed of Mortgage 
from the claimant's husband to Donogh Earl of Clan- 
earthy, Witnesses to Lease, Deruiod Mac Carthy and 

The Forfeitures of 1 688. 225 

another, Forfeiting Proprietor, Earl of Clancarthy. 
No. 2096, Daniel O'Donoghue, son and heir of Geoffrey 
O'Donoghue, claims an Equity of Redemption of the last 
mentioned Mortgage on the same Lands. No. 2212, 
Samuel Wilson claims a debt of ^105 interest and costs, 
over all the Estates by Bond dated 23rd April 16S8, and 
Judgment in King's Bench in Hilary 16S8, Forfeiting 
Proprietor, Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kkx.mare. 
No. 2215 — Darby Cronine claims a Term for three lives, 
two in being, on Raghmore, Shimmogh and Mills and 
four (illegible) of Clonntyny, by Lease dated 20th 
October 1675, Witnesses, Edward Daniel, Connell 
O'Leary, and another, Forfeiting Proprietor, Nicholas 
Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 2219, John Brown 
Esq. claims a Mortgage in fee for ^"120, and interest 
on Droumidisart, Knockanelibeard, and other Lands, 
by Deed of Feoffment dated 25th March 1636 to 
Daniel Chute who assigned to Teague Mahony, who 
assigned to claimant by Deed dated 1st November 1676, 
Witnesses to Deed of Feoffment, Valentine Browne and 
another : to Assignment, James Plunket, Walter Plunket, 
and James Barry, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Brown alias Lord Kenmare. No. 2220, Teague 
Moynahan claims a Term of three lives on Rathbeg, by 
Lease dated 8th August 16S1, Witnesses, James 
Browne and Owen Mac Carthy, Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 
2221, Myles Sweeny, farmer, claims a Messuage, house, 
tenements, and garden in Killarney, by Lease dated 
26th November 1684, and confirmed by Sir Valentine 
Browne by Indorsement dated 26th November 1686, 


226 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

and by another Indorsement assigned to Claimant, 
Witnesses to Lease, Roger Scannell and Richard Driver, 
Witnesses to Assignment, Robert Mayne, Timothy 
Falvey and another, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Nicholas 
Brown e alias Lord Kenmare. No. 2222 — John 
Sughrue claims a Residue of twenty-one years com- 
mencing 25th March 1684, on a plot of ground built on 
the North side of Killarney, by Lease dated 30th July 
1684, which by several Assignments came to Teague 
Mahony who, by Indorsement on the said Lease 
dated 20th of August 1692, assigned to Claimant, 
Witness, Walter Nagle ; the same Claimant claims a 
Residue of twenty-one years, and a Term for three years, 
on the two plowlands of Tyrenahoule, by Lease dated 
1st August 168 1, Witnesses, John Browne, John Plunket, 
and another, and also by a Certificate of a Collateral 
Agreement dated 1st May 1698, to Maurice Herbert, and 
both assigned by him to Claimant, by Deed dated 1 ] th 
June 169S; Witnesses to Agreement, Miles Sweeny, and 
Walter Nagle ; and to Deed, Dennis Falvey, Timothy 
Sullivan, and another. No. 2223. Murtagh Sheehy, as 
Heir and Executor of Maims his father, claims a Residue 
of forty-one years, commencing 25th March 1671 on the 
eight plowlands of Baslihane, in the Barony of Dunker- 
ron, by Articles dated 27th April 167 1 ; Witnesses, Darby 
and Ulick Lean- and another. No. 2225, Thomas Barry 
gent. Administrator of William Wall deceased, not ad- 
ministered to by Margaret Wall his widow, and also 
deceased, in Trust for Milo Wall, a minor, son of said 
William, claims a Residue of thirty-one years, commencing 
May 1st 1676, on the Lands of Dcrrylugh, Domanagh, 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 227 

and other Lands, by Deed dated 1st July 1675, Wit- 
nesses, Tiegue Riordan and another, Forfeiting Proprietor 
Earl of Clancarthy. No. 2321, Francis Bernard 
Esq. claims several chiefries from £2 to £16 per 
annum, called Clancarthy's and Desmond's Chiefries on 
the Territory of Glanfleske, the Lands of Darroshane, and 
several other Lands in the Baronies of Magonihy and 
Glanerought, by Deed dated 1st November 1695, and 
several Conveyancies before that, Witnesses to Deed, The 
Honble. Francis Annesly and another, Forfeiting Pro- 
prietors, Earl of Clancarthy, John Lyne, and 
Colonel Daniel Mac Fineen Mac Carthy. No. 
2324, Daniel O'Sullivan More Esq., Assignee of Mabel 
Mac Carthy, Widow, mother of Donogh Mac Carthy, 
gent, deceased, claims a Residue of twenty-one years, 
commencing 1st May 1689 on the Town and Lands of 
Baslikane in the Barony of Dunkerron, by Lease dated 
1st October 1689, and by Indorsement dated 1st August 
1700, Witnesses to Lease, Godfrey Daly and another, to 
Indorsement, Desmond Sullivan and another, Forfeiting 
Proprietor, Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. 
No. 2518, Edmund Tuohy, merchant, claims several 
Estates for lives ; £yo and interest on the Town and 
Lands of Killarney, a Messuage etc. called Gortnigarah 
and several other Lands, by several Leases from Sir 
Valentine Browne and several assignments which came to 
Claimant, Forfeiting Proprietor, Sir Valentine Browne. 
No. 2565, Earl of Inchiquin an Equity of Redemption 
on Knockanotagh and Aghadoe, by Bond dated 27th 
November 16S6, an Assignment dated 22nd April 1695, 
and a Deed of Mortgage for ^500 ; Forfeiting Pro- 

228 The Forfeitures of 1688. 

prietor — Sir Patrick Trant. No. 2667, Sir William 
Lonsr claims an Estate in fee, which was to be conveyed 
to Lord Clare, by Articles dated (illegible) on the Manor 
of Tarbert, by Letters Patent dated 23rd May 19th Car. 
2nd; Forfeiting Proprietor, Lord Clare. No. 2682, 
Tohn Croker Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, claims a 
Dower on the same Manor, by same letters, Forfeiting 
Proprietor, Lord Clare. No. 2914, Dame Elizabeth 
Crosbie, Relict of Sir Thomas Crosbie, on behalf of her- 
self and four sons, Thomas, John, Pierse, and Charles, 
claims an Estate for life, and the said sons claim their 
respective remainders on the Lands of Ballyhigue and 
several other Lands by Lease and Release dated 30th 
and 31st August 16S0, Witnesses, Edmund Malone and 
another. This claim is made lest the Proprietor 


Fitzmaurice, gent., claims an Estate for lives on the Lands 
of Gortfadda by Lease dated 27th September 16S7, Wit- 
nesses, John Browne and another; Forfeiting Proprietor, 
Sir Nicholas Browne alias Lord Kenmare. No. 
2916, Major "William Crosbie claims ^5000 monies se- 
cured by James Fitzgerald, in Trust for Mary Clon- 
(illegible) the Claimant's late wife, on the Estate of James 
Fitzgerald by Letters of Administration granted to 
Claimant, Forfeiting Proprietor, James Fitzgerald. 
No. 291 S, David Crosbie Esq. prays that a Mortgage 
of ;£i2o, and Lease on the Lands of Graigue and other 
lands in the Barony of Clanmorris may be decreed to be 
of no force against him by virtue of a Deed dated in the 
year 1667 from Claimant's father Sir Thomas Crosbie to 
George Gould. Forfeiting Proprietor, John Gould. 

The Forfeitures of 1688. 229 

No. 194, Henry Lord Shelburne claims an Equity of 
Redemption on the Lands of Guiltanevillane, Grod- 
doumore, Droumkerron and Droumouskerry in the barony 
of Dunkerron by an adjudication of the Court of Claims 
about the year 1666 to Robert Marshall in Trust for Sir 
William Petty Knt. the Claimant's father and by Letters 
Patent dated 14th September 1696 passed to Claimant. 


* * 

Cfje Kcrrj) a-) en of tfjc T5rirjatic. 

(a.d. 1692.) 

Regiment de Dillon. 

Infanterie Irlajidaise. 

<; *s==^^j^^) O U S. Colonel Commandant, Licutcnant- 
£ ^Npl^) Colonel et Sous Lieutenants present ondit 
C "/^SH/i Regiment certifions, que le Sieur Jean O'Ouill 
w^VfVj est entre en sen-ice du Rov du France en 
mil sept cent quatre vingt douze en qualite 
de Sous Lieutenant, est reste avec le regiment jusqu'au mo- 
ment ou il a ete separe par les princes, freres de sa Majeste, 
et a fait avec eux la campagne de mil sept cent quatre vingt 
douze avec honneur et distinction ; En foy quoy nous avons 
signe a Coblentz le 25 Xovembre 1792." 

Stack, Col. O. O'Sullivan. 

Shee. D. O'Mahony.*- 

Jos. O'Xeill. Ingoldsby. 

C. Fag ax. Greenlaw, Lieut.-Col. 

]. Conway. Butler. 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 231 

O'Callaghan. Macnamara. 

Tarleton. Mac Carthy. 

Burke. O'Farrel. 

John Mahony. Corr. 

Darby Mahony. Bailly. 

Reilly. Rickard O'Connell. 

D. OTarrel, Capt. Daniel Conway. 

Lieutenant John Quill to whom the above certificate 
was granted was the second son of the late Thomas Quill 
Esq. J. P. of Tralee and the uncle of Jerome Quill Esq. 
of Tralee one of the most respected and esteemed 
gentlemen and magistrates at present in our county. 
Lieut. Quill appears to have joined the Brigade in 
the last year of its existence. It was assuredly no time 
for a carpet knight to select for his entrance into French 
military service, and whatever may be our opinion 
as to the worth of the cause he embraced, we must admit 
that nothing but a truly soldier-like and chivalrous feel- 
ing could have impelled our countryman to cast in his 
lot with the adherents of the unfortunate Louis in their 
final struggle with the army of the young republic. When 
resistance to the latter became hopeless and the Brigade 
was about to be dissolved, Lieutenant Quill joined the 
68th regiment in the British army and proceeded with 
to the West Indies, where he died from the effects of hard 
service and a tropical climate. Several of his brothers 
and many of his near relatives were gallant officers in 
the English army. The pen of Charles Lever has im- 
mortalized Dr. Maurice Quill, whose kind heart and 
spirit of genial fun, no less than his professional skill 

2$2 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

relieved and cheered many a suffering comrade in the 
battle fields and bivouacs of the Peninsular Campaign. 
Maurice Quill was the representative man of the Irish 
division of the old British army (better at the escalade 
and the forlorn hope than at the College cramming 
board) described by Sir "Walter Scott in his Vision of 
Don Roderick : 

" Hark from yon merry ranks what laughter rings ! 
Mingling loud mirth with war's stern minstrelsy 
His jest while each blithe comrade round him flings 
And moves to death with military glee, 
Boast Erin, boast them ! tameless, frank, and free, 
In kindness warm and prompt in danger shown 
Rough nature's children, humorous as she," — 
&c, &c, &c 

The O'Quill Sept, according to Kern- tradition, is a 
branch of the O'Sullivan Mor deriving from a member 
of that clan who in consequence of a family feud or a 
dispossession by the Sassenagh settled in a wooded 
district of Trughenackmy and was hence styled 0"Sullivan 
"Choill {i.e. O Sullivan of the Wood) a name afterwards 
abbreviated and partially Anglicised into O'Quill. But 
O'Heerin's Topography written about 1400 places both 
O'Sullivans and O'Quills in Tipperary so that the separa- 
tion from the original stock must have taken place prior 
to the migration of the O'Sullivans into Kern- where 
O'Donovan says they were driven by the Burghs after 
the English invasion. Mac Dermott's and Connellan's 
map places the 0*Quills near Kiilballylahiffe not far 
from the district of Doircmore i.e. the great wood. In 
noticing the descendants of the Sept in modern times I 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 233 

ought to observe that the old spirit has not died out of 
the race inasmuch as two of the four grand nephews of 
Lieutenant John Quill of the Brigade, sons of Jerome 
Quill Esq. J.P., have entered the military service of their 
country within the last few years, and a third is not un- 
likely to follow their example. 

Christopher Fagan, the next officer on the list about 
wliOni I have been ?ble to obtain any certain informa- 
tion, was a scion of an ancient house that has given 
more than one gallant soldier to the Brigade, but a far 
larger number I am happy to say to the service of their 
own hereditary Sovereign and country. In 1358 John 
Fagan was High Sheriff of Meath, and in 1373 he was 
appointed Governor of Trim Castle. His great grandson 
married Phillis Skiddy of Skiddy's Castle, Cork, and had 
Richard who settled at Feltrim county Dublin. His 
descendant Christopher Fagan of Feltrim, who had been 
dispossessed by Cromwell regained his estate as an 
"innocent Papist " after the Restoration. He left two 
sons Richard and Peter, and a daughter who married 
Hamilton, Viscount Strabane, by whom she was mother 
of Claud, fourth Earl of Abercorn, a Colonel of Horse in 
King James's army. Christopher Fagan had also a 
younger brother John, who married and left a son Chris- 
topher a Captain in Lord Kenmare's regiment in the 
service of James. He was included in the articles of 
Limerick and settled in Kerry having married Mary 
Nagle of Ballinamona whose mother was Catherine 
daughter of Hugh Lacy of Brum Captain Christopher 
Fagan was buried in Mucruss Abbey. His eldest son 
Patrick married Christian Fitzmaurice of Cosfoyle or 

234 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

Cosfealy, and according to D'Alton had with several 
other children three sons Christopher, James, and John, 
and four daughters Mary, married * * * * Mac Sheehy, 
Elizabeth married Thomas O'Sullivan, Frances married 
Dr. Moriarty and Ellen died unmarried in Paris. 

I. Christopher eldest of the three sons above mentioned 
entered the French army in 1755 and became Captain 
in the Prince de Soubise's regiment of Dragoons. He 
was wounded in the affair of Ham which compelled him 
to retire, when he received a pension and the cross of the 
military order of St. Louis. At the breaking out of the 
French Revolution he came to London where he died in 
1 81 6 aged eighty three, leaving two sons Christopher the 
Captain in Dillion's regiment who signed the above cer- 
tificate and Charles also an officer of the Brigade. 
Christopher Fagan, like Lieutenant Quill, entered the 
British army after 1792 and died while serving with his 
regiment in the West Indies. His brother Charles 
married in 17SS Maria Teresa Paulina, Marchioness de 
Lreuestine and de Beclaer, daughter of Maximilian de 
Laouestine, Grandee of Spain of the first class, and had a 
son Charles Antoine Edwin, Count de Fagan, Captain in 
the Lancers of Gardes du Corps to Charles the Tenth, 
and also two daughters Maria Cristina Teresa, Canoness 
of the Royal Order of St. Anne of Bavaria, and Maria 
Teresa Sophia, married to Count Coronine of Cronberg, 
Chamberlain to the Emperor of Austria. 

II. James Fagan, second son of Patrick Fagan and 
Christian Fitzmaurice, entered the Brigade about 1771 
and served in it with distinction for several years. He 
was second in command at Dominica. After the disso- 

The Ktrry Men of the Brigade. 235 

Union of the Brigade he too entered the English army in 
which he was employed by General Cuyler on the staff. 

He fought at the reduction of several of the West Indian 
islands and at the period of his death, in a duel in 
Grenada, (1S01) held the office of Assistant Quarter- 

III. John Fagan, third son of Patrick by Christian 
Fitzmaurice, married Elizabeth, only daughter of George 
Hickson, son of John Hickson of Tierbrin and Mary 
Rice, (and brother of Christopher the husband of Eliza- 
beth Conway, and of John Hickson who married in 1743 
Ellen daughter of Dominick Trant, grandfather of Colonel 
Sir Nicholas Trant,) and had six sons and five daughters 
all I believe born in Kerry. The sons were— 1, George 
Hickson Fagan a highly distinguished officer in the 
E.I.CS. who lost his left arm at the siege of Seringapatam 
and eventually at the age of thirty-four was Adjutant- 
General of the Bengal Army. He married Harriet Lawtre 
of Calcutta and had issue Christopher, George Hickson 
and Elizabeth. 2, Patrick Charles Fagan also in the 
Indian Army. He died at Patna of the effects of hard- 
ships and wounds at the siege of Bhurtpore where accord- 
ing to D' Alton he was the first to plant the British 
standard upon the ramparts. 3, Christopher Sullivan 
Fagan C.'B. General in the Indian Army, served in the 
Mahratta campaign and at the reduction of Gwalior, 
Bundelcund, and Bhurtpore, after which he received the 
thanks of the Government. He had four sons of whom 
three were officers of the Indian army, viz : George 
Hickson Fagan of the Royal Bengal Engineers. He 
rendered essential services in improving the fortifications 

236 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

of Fort William and retired from the army a Lieut. - 
Colonel in broken health in 1857. John Fagan, served 
at Ghuznee, and died of ague fever in the Punjaub. 
Robert Charles Fagan, distinguished at the siege of Delhi 
where although wounded, he could not be restrained from 
placing himself near the breastwork of the battery con- 
structed by his engineer brother where he was killed by 
a musket ball through the head. One of his sisters mar- 
ried General Sleigh and another became the wife of 
James Erskine, Political Agent at Guzerat. 4, Robert 
Fagan was an officer in the British Army, he was wounded 
at the taking of Bona Fortuna and died unmarried in 
1 ^°3- 5> John Fagan was an officer in- the Bengal 
Artillery and died unmarried in 1S09. 6, James Patrick 
Fagan the last survivor (in 1S60) of this gallant band of 
brothers was a Major of the Bengal Artillery. He served 
under Sir Robert Abercromby in the Indian seas and was 
present at the reduction of the Mauritius. He also acted 
as Brigade-Major of the advance division against Nepaul, 
and was Paymaster in Chief of the Rajpootana and Mal- 
weh districts and employed on the Staff. He received a 
gratifying acknowledgment of His services from Lord 
"William Bentinck, Governor-General of India. By his 
wife Stephanie La Mere he had two sons one of whom 
perished in the Mutiny. Although happily for themselves 
and their country these six sons of John Fagan and Eliza- 
beth Hickson were never doomed to feel like their uncles 
and cousins that, — 

"Serving the stranger through wandering and war 

The Isles of their memory could grant them no grave," 

yet as they were all born in Kerry and spent their youth 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 237 

in Tralce and as such a long succession of military men 
from generation to generation in the same family is not a 
little remarkable, I have given this sketch of their services 
from D' Alton's King James's Army List illustrated. 
(Second edition enlarged i860.) 

The next officer upon the list about whom I have 
been able to obtain any certain information is James 
Conway. His great grandfather Christopher Conway 
second son of Captain James Conway and Elizabeth 
Roe (v. ante p. 62,) married Joan Roche of Dundine 
and had an only dau. Elizabeth who became the wife 
of John O'Connell of Derrinane and also seven sons 
three only of whom it is necessary to notice here. I. 
James Conway eldest of the three married Mary 
O'Driscoll and went to France with the Brigade. He 
left two sons who were officers in the French service. 
II. Thomas Conway married xVnne Fitzgerald of Gallerus 
grand dau. according to Collins of John, Knight of Kerry, 
by Catherine dau. of the iSth Lord Kerry and had three 
sons and two daus. Elizabeth who married Christopher 
Hickson as above mentioned and Anne Conway married 
to James Mahony. The sons were 1, Christopher 
married Ellen Mac Carthy and died s. p. 2, James a 
distinguished officer in the Irish Brigade married Julia 
Mahony and had two sons, Thomas, General Count 
Conway, Governor of the Mauritius before 17S3, and 
James, of Dillon's regiment, who continued in the 
French service after the Revolution and was known as 
Viscount Conway. Both these officers died without 
male issue. 3, Edward Conway married Ellen Mahony 
and left two sons Thomas and James. Thomas was 

238 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

secretary to Lord Comwallis in India and died in 1S24 
s. p. James Conway, Colonel of the 53d regiment, 
married and had Thomas Sydenham, Colonel of the 
Grenadier Guards and C.B. and a daughter Amelia who 
married Sir John Halkett Bart, of Pitferrane N.B. by 
whom she had a son Sir Peter Halkett, present baronet 
who married Eliza Jane, daughter of Captain Richard 
Kirwah Hill 5 2d regt. and has a son and heir Wedder- 
burn Conway. Sir Peter Halkett, grandson of Colonel 
Conway (whose son is the representative of the old stock 
of Conways of Cloghane that gave so many brave 
soldiers to the Brigade,) carried the Queen's colours of 
the 42d Highlanders at the Alma and has the Crimean 
medal with three clasps. 

Owen O'Sullivan, whose signature follows 'that of 
James Conway, was probably a member of the Dun- 
kerron or Glanerought families of his name. Major 
Philip O'Sullivan of Ardea Castle, county Kerry, which 
in Smith's time was occupied by a Mr. Coote followed 
James the Second to France. His eldest son was 
intended for the priesthood but did not enter it, and in 
1723 he emigrated to America for what reason is now 
unknown, but it is conjectured that he was involved in 
some Jacobite plot. However that may be, he settled 
in New Hampshire as a schoolmaster, and left with other 
issue two sons who became rather distinguished men in 
the infant republic. James Sullivan, the elder of the 
two, was Attorney-General for the State of Massachusetts, 
an office afterwards filled by his son and grandson men 
of high character and great ability. John Sullivan, 
younger son, was also in earl}- life a lawyer, but at the 

The Kerry Men 0/ the Brigade. 230 

breaking out of the American war he abandoned his 
profession and became an officer in the army of the Revolu- 
tion. He is described by Bancroft in the ninth volume 
of his History of the United States as one who was 
"always ready to act but not always thoughtful of what 
he undertook, not free from defects and foibles tinctured 
with vanity, eager to be popular, enterprising, spirited, 
and able." Major John Sullivan's bravery was undoubted 
but by Washington and some of the American leaders he 
was accused of disobedience, and of haste in transmitting 
intelligence to head quarters which was afterwards found 
to be incorrect. Another charge made against him was 
that he had advised the promotion of a " French officer 
of Irish descent named Conway " to the post of Inspector 
General for which he proved to be unfit. This Conway 
mav have been the officer afterwards Governor of the 
Mauritius, or his brother Vicomte Conway. Bancroft 
represents him as a brave, but vain and arrogant soldier, 
who was discontented because men who had served 
under him in France were promoted to be his equals 
or superiors in the American army. Those charges 
made by the great American historian called forth a 
defence of Major Sullivan's memory from the pen of an 
American of Kerry descent, Thomas Amory, a citizen of 
Boston in 1S4S, and according to D'Alton the great 
grand nephew of Thomas Amory the M.P. for Dingle in 
1661. Mr. Amory writes with all the earnestness and 
warmth of feeling that might be expected from one Kerry 
cousin bound by all the traditions and customs of the 
"Kingdom" to stand up in defence of another. He 
gives in the Appendix of his really interesting and valu- 

240 The Kerry Men of tJie Brigade. 

able little book an account written down from the lips of 
the old Glaneroght emigrant of his ancestors and imme- 
diate relatives. It was dictated by him when he was up- 
wards of one hundred years old, and had for many 
months been quite blind, a severe affliction, as it de- 
prived him of his greatest enjoyment, reading. He had 
taught in his school until he was past ninety when he 
could still write a fine hand and ride thirty miles to visit 
his son without suffering from the exertion so unusual 
for a man of his age. This quaint old Kerry Record by 
one whose recollection extended back to a period so 
close to 16S8 is well worth quoting from Mr. Amory's 
pages. The forfeitures of the MacCarthy's of Glane- 
rought are given in the List of lands sold at Chichester 

" My father was Major Philip O'Sullivan of Ardea Castle 
in the County of Kerry. My mother's name was Joanna 
Mac Carthy, daughter of Dermot Mac Carthy of Kil- 
lowen. She had three brothers and one sister. Her 
mother's name I forget but she was a daughter of Mac 
Carthy Reagh of Carberry. Her eldest brother was 
Colonel Florence or Mac Fineen, and he and his two 
brothers Charles and Owen went out in defence of their 
nation against Orange. Owen was killed in the battle 
of Aughrim. Florence had a son who retained the name 
of Mac Fineen. Charles I just remember. He left two 
sons Darby and Owen. Darby married Ellen O'Sullivan 
of Banaune. His brother Owen married Honora 
Mahony, daughter of Denis Mahony of Dromore in 
Dunkerron, county Kerry, and died in the prime of life 
much lamented. My father died of an ulcer in his 
breast caused by a wound he received in France in a 
duel with a French officer. They were all a short-lived 
family. I never heard that any of the men arrived at 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 241 

sixty, and I do not remember but one alive when I left 
home in 1723. They were short-lived on both sides, 
but the brevity of their lives to my great grief and sor- 
row is added to the length of mine. My mother's sister 
married Dermot, eldest son of Daniel O'Sullivan Lord 
of Uunkerron, and her son as I understand was with the 
Pretender in Scotland in 1745. This is all I can say 
about my origin but I shall conclude with a Latin sen- 
tence : — 

Si Adam sit -pater cunctorum mater et Eva 
Cur non sunt homines nobilitate pares ? 
Non Jiater aut mater da/it nobis nobilitatem 
Sect moribus et vita nobilitatnr homo. 

Like Smith's Dunkerron acquaintance Peter Kelly of 
Ballybog {v. Hist, of Kerry p. 418) the old Glanerogian 
was evidently a man of classic lore, better versed in the 
language of the ancient Roman than in that of the 
modern Sassenagh. His wife's nephew "who claimed to 
be the grandson of O'Sullivan Mor was born in Iveragh, 
and sent at nine years of age to Paris for his education. 
Pie entered the French service and became the especial 
favourite of Charles Edward whom he accompanied to 
Scotland, and remained with all through the campaign 
of 1745, when he acted as Adjutant-General and 
Quarter-Master General of the rebel troops. Dissensions 
and jealousies arose between the Irish and Scotch 
followers of the prince, and O'Sullivan was an object 
of. great dislike to many of the latter. He escaped 
to France after Culloden, and married Miss Fitzgerald by 
whom he had a son Thomas Herbert O'Sullivan an 
officer in the Irish Brigade, who during the American 


242 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

war was placed under die command of Paul Jones whose 
services were "utilized", by the French. Thomas 
Herbert O'Sullivan quarrelled with his " irregular " 
commander and assaulted him, which breach of discipline 
obliged him to fly from France to America where he 
entered the English army under Sir Henry Clinton. At 
the close of the war he went to Holland where he died 
in 1824, leaving a son whose career is described by 
O'Callaghan in his History of the Irish Brigade, as a 
romantic and adventurous one. He perished in a ship- 
wreck while attempting to save the lives of his com- 
panions, and left a son John Louis O'Sullivan, who was 
Ambassador of the United States to Portugal from 1S54 
to 1858. This gentleman according to O'Callaghan and 
D'Alton still possesses a valuable watch given by Charles 
Edward to his great grandfather in the '45. 

The officers of the O'Mahony family whose names 
appear on the list may have been of Kerry descent but I 
have been unable to obtain any authentic information 
about them. The name is one of the most illustrious in 
the annals of ancient Ireland and is mentioned in 
O'Heerin's Topography already referred to, 

" Cinel me Eece of the land of cattle 
Around the Bandain of fair woods, 
The most warlike man from the rapid Muadh 
Is O'Mahony of the harbour of white foam." 

Colonel Dermot O'Mahony fell at Aughrim fighting for 
James. Daniel his brother was chiefly instrumental in 
recovering Cremona after its surprise by Prince Eugene. 
He brought the dispatches announcing the victory to 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 243 

Versailles. He afterwards entered the Spanish service 
and highly distinguished himself in the Wars of Succes- 
sion. He married first the widow of O'Brien, Lord 
Clare, and secondly Cecilia Weld of Lulworth by whom 
he had two sons Generals in the Spanish service. One 
of them Count John Joseph Mahony married the Lady 
Anne Clifford, daughter of Charlotte, Countess of New- 
burgh, and had a daughter Cecilia, Countess Mahony, 
who married Benedict, fifth Prince Guistiniani, and from 
this marriage descends the present Countess of New- 
burgh, Princess Guistiniani, and Marchioness Bandini, 
who is also Viscountess Kynnaird and Baroness Leving- 
stone in the peerage of Scotland. The second son of 
General Daniel O'Mahony was ambassador to Vienna in 
1766, and the Gentleman's Magazine of that year has an 
account of an entertainment given by him on Patrick's 
Day in that city to Count Lacy, President of the Council 
of War, Generals O'Donnell, Maguire, Mac Elligott, and 
other Irish officers at which also were present four Aus- 
trian nobles of the Grand Cross, two governors, seven 
military knights, four Privy Councillors, and several staff 
officers who to show their respect for the country of their 
host wore Irish crosses. There were several members of 
the O'Mahony family in the service of France from 17S1 
to 1S33, all brave and distinguished officers. The pre- 
sent representatives of the old Sept in Kerry are Richard 
Mahony Esq. D.L. Dromore Castle, Kenmare, Daniel 
Mahony Esq. D.L. of Dunloe and Kean Mahony Esq. of 
Castle Quin, Killarney. 

Rickard O'Connell, the second last name on the list, 
was I believe a member of the branch of the family set- 

244 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

■ tied at Braintree county Clare. He died unmarried. 
John O'Connell of Aghgore, the husband of Elizabeth 
Conway, had a son Maurice who had a son Jeffrey and a 
grandson Maurice in foreign military service. This Mau- 
rice, or a namesake and near relative of his, (the grand 
uncle of Rickard O'Connell Esq. B.L. of the Spa near 
Tralee) was a distinguished officer in the Austrian army, 
a Baron of the Empire, Governor of Prague and Colonel 
of the Guards of Maria Theresa, with whom he was a 
great favourite. John O'Connell and Elizabeth Conway 
had another son Daniel, who married Mary O'Donoghue 
and had twenty-two children. One of them, Morgan of 
Carhen, was the father of the late Daniel O'Connell M.P. 
of Derrynane better known to his countrymen as the 
" Liberator," and the fourth son was Daniel, born August 
1742, who entered the French service in Lord Clare's 
regiment of the Irish Brigade in 1757. There is a tradi- 
tion current in the neighbourhood of Derrynane that the 
same ship that took the young lad from his Kerry home 
to join the Brigade, conveyed away also six fine youths, 
kinsmen of his, of whom one died a Roman Catholic 
bishop, one a General in the French, and another a Ge- 
neral in the Austrian Service, and that Mrs. O'Connell 
his mother, known in family records as Mona Dfcuv from 
her being the daughter of O'Donoghue JDhur. (i.e. the 

" dark O'Donoghue) composed a Gaelic lamentation on 
their departure which old people used to recite. If it 
were possible to recover it now it would make a valuable 
and interesting addition to this collection of old Kerry 
Records and I regret that I am unabh to obtain it. 
Daniel O'Connell served as Lieutenant in Clare's regi- 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 245 

ment through the Seven Years' War, and distinguished 
himself at the siege and capture of Port Mahon in 1779 
when he was Major of the Royal Regiment of Swedes. 
He received thanks and a recommendation for promotion 
from the Minister of War, and was soon after made Co- 
lonel of the Regiment which was sent with the rest of the 
French troops to besiege Gibraltar on the 13th of Sep- 
tember, 17S2. Colonel O'Connell was consulted as to 
the advisability of using floating batteries in the assault 
of the place and gave his opinion against that plan which 
however was carried out. Although he judged the attack 
was likely to fail he desired to share in the dangers and 
having led his men to the batteries fought until he was 
severely wounded. In the following year he was made 
Colonel-Commandant of a German regiment in the ser- 
vice of France. It was in a very disorganized state when 
he undertook the command and soon brought it to such 
a perfect state of discipline that it was long looked upon 
as a model corps. He was afterwards made Inspector- 
General of the French Infantry and wrote several works 
on military tactics which were considered standard pub- 
lications of their kind. On the breaking out of the great 
French Revolution Colonel O'Connell joined the French 
princes at Coblentz and like his compatriot Lieutenant 
Quill and many of their mutual friends and connexions 
made the campaign of 1792. 

In the following year he returned to Ireland, and was 
appointed -Colonel of one of the six regiments in the 
English service, formed by George the Third out of the 
remnants of the Irish Brigade. His nephew Maurice 
O'Connell of Derrynane entered this regiment and pro- 

246 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

ceeded with it to Dominca where he died. Count 
O'Connell did not accompany the corps to the West 
Indies, but was allowed to retire on half pay and on the 
restoration of the Bourbons he returned to France. In 
1830 he was asked to take the oath of allegiance to Louis 
Philippe but refused, saying that he was " too old at 
eighty years of age to turn traitor to his king " and he 
was therefore deprived of his pay and compelled to retire 
from the French service. He died in 1833 at his chateau 
near Blois, holding the rank of General in the French 
and the oldest Colonel in the English army. He had 
married a French lady of rank but had no children. 
His portrait at Derrynane represents him in a dark uni- 
form laced with gold and over it the grand cordon of 
Saint Louis, a handsome, fine looking, old man with the 
stately air of a soldier and courtier of the old regime. 
The clear blue eyes and full well-formed mouth resemble 
those of his celebrated nephew but the face is slighter 
and the nose aquiline. 

Another distinguished member of the O'Connell family 
was General Sir Maurice O'Connell who died in 184S 
Commander-in-Chief in the Australian colonies. He 
entered the Irish Brigade in early life and had attained 
the rank of Captain when the Revolution began. He 
made like his cousin the campaign of '92 with the Bour- 
bon princes and then came to England. He was after a 
time appointed to a West India Regiment and became 
Brigade-Major to Sir George Prevost at Dominica. In 
February 1S05 the French effected a landing on the 
island but were gallantly repulsed by a comparatively 
small force of the 46th and West India regiments. In 

The Kerry Alcn of the Brigade. 247 

Sir George Prevost's dispatch announcing the repulse 
he said — " Major O'Connell received the command and a 
severe wound at the same moment but the pain of the 
latter would not induce him to forego the honour of the 
former and he remained at the head of his men anima- 
ting their courage still gaining fresh ground and resisting 
the repeated charges of the enemy who attacked him 
with an overwhelming force. Too much praise cannot 
be given to this officer who at length succeeded in driv- 
ing the enemy back to their ships with the loss of their 
General and a vast number of their officers and men." 
Major O'Connell received two wounds in this battle but 
without waiting to get them dressed he marched his 
men across the island to Rosseau where the French again 
attempted to land but were again defeated with great 
slaughter. The House of Assembly at Dominica voted 
him a sword valued at a hundred guineas and a magni- 
ficent service of plate while the Patriotic Committee at 
Lloyds presented him with equally handsome testi- 
monials. On his return to England he was complimented 
by George III. at the first levee he attended and was 
soon after transferred to the 73d regiment when several 
of his Kerry relatives and friends volunteered from the 
county militia to serve under him." On the breaking 

* Amongst others — his nephew Francis Eagar, son of Mary 
O'Connell by James Eagar of Dingle (son of Francis Eagar of 
Ballinvoher and Honora Hickson of Dingle) joined the 73d as 
Adjutant with fifty picked men from the ranks of the militia. He 
died a Captain in the 73d at Ceylon unmarried — En.-ign Leyne with 
four hundred men and Ensign Raymond with fifty also joined the 
corp< in which they both died holding the rank of Captain. V. 
Appendix Note on the Leyne and Raymond families. 

248 The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 

out of a mutiny at Sydney, when the rebels seized on 
Admiral Bligh the Governor, the 73rd were ordered to 
embark for the colony under Major O'Connell now 
appointed Lieutenant-Colonel commanding. On their 
arrival the mutiny was soon suppressed, Colonel 
O'Connell became Lieutenant-Governor and married the 
daughter of Admiral Bligh. He afterwards served with 
distinction in the Kandian war and in 1830 was made 
Major-General. He died 25th of May 1848 holding 
the rank of Commander-in-Chief in the Australian 
Colonies, aged eighty-one, full of ye^rs and honours, 
leaving with other children an only dau., Alice Elizabeth, 
who vid. in 1840 Lieutenant-Colonel Hon. Henry 
Charles Capel Somerset, eldest son of Lord William 
Somerset, son of Henry, Duke of Beaufort. 

Many other brave Kerry men than those here men- 
tioned have in the old penal times, now happily past and 
gone, found a home in France, Spain, Italy and Austria 
winning well deserved laurels and as high a place in 
foreign courts and camps as their forefathers ever held in 
Ireland. Sir Nicholas Trant K.C.B., whose distinguished 
services at the outbreak of the Peninsular War (when he 
commanded a regiment of Portuguese troops acting with 
the English against Napoleon,) are frequently noticed 
in Lord Malmesbury's Correspondence lately published, 
was the grandson of Dominick Trant of Dingle by Ellen 
Ferriter of Ballyferriter. One of his aunts married 
Patrick Creagh and had a daughter married in 17S1 to 
Daniel Mahony of Dunloe, while another daughter of 
Dominick and Ellen married John Hickson of Tierbrin. 
'\ he Mac Elligotts, an heiress of whose family married 

The Kerry Men of the Brigade. 249 

Daniel Chute of Chute Hall, several of the royal Sept of 
Mac Carthy, the O'Connors one of whom was Governor 
of Mantua before 1862, and is now a Baron of the 
Austrian Empire and a Colonel of Hussars in its service, 
with many others might be enumerated did space and 
time permit. As it is, I can only conclude this imperfect 
sketch by quoting from O'Callaghan's valuable history 
the address of Louis XVIII to the officers of the Brigade 
at Coblentz in 1792, when presenting them with a 
drapcau d'adicu or farewell banner, embroidered with the 
Irish harp twined with the shamrock and fleur de lis ; — 

" Gentlemen, We acknowledge the inappreciable services 
that France has received from the Irish Brigade in the 
course of the last hundred years, services that we shall 
never forget, though unable adequately to requite them. 
Receive this Standard as a pledge of our remembrance, 
a token of our admiration and respect, and in future, 
generous Irishmen, this shall be the motto of your 
spotless flag, — 

1692 — 1792. 


Inscriptions ant) (Epitapfj 

■tggOTg CORRESp ONDEXT writing to the Kerry 
Magazine in November 1S56 gave a few 
copies of old monumental inscriptions in 
Kerry grave-yards which were even then 
half obliterated from the effects of time and neglect and 
are now doubtless quite illegible although within the last 
ten or twelve years a decided change for the better has 
taken place in the management and preservation from 
injury of " God's Acres "' throughout the county. The 
Latin epitaph by Captain John Blennerhassett on the 
tomb of his mother and wife at Killorglin, is I am in- 
formed quite defaced, the only correct copies of it now in 
existence are to be found in the Genealogical Records, 
(p. 55) and in Smith's History of Kerry now a rare 

" On a small mural slab in the chancel of Ballinahag- 
lish Church " writes the Magazine Correspondent is the 
following : " Heare lyes the body of Lieut. William 

Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 251 

Hilliard of Listrim who departed this life on the 9th of 
April 1707 and the body of his wife Elizabeth who died 
on the 28th of May 1709.'' These were probably the 
father and mother of Christopher Hilliard of Baity garron 
the Galway Prisoner mentioned in the Introductory 
Memoir. In the floor of the transept of the old parish 
church at Ardfert is a flag on which these words are 
inscribed. " Here lies the body of Uriah Babington 
Esq. who departed this life the 5th day of April 1724 in 
the 63rd year of his age." ( V. ante Gen. Rec. p. 54.) A 
handsome mural monument to the Knight of Kerry who 
died in 1741 formerly stood in Dingle Church where one 
would have supposed it was safe from desecration. But 
according to the Magazine correspondents of 1856 a 
party of sailors of the royal navy amusing (!) themselves 
in the sacred building tore down the black marble slab 
with its gilded letters and it was never replaced but 
actually cast out as rubbish and transferred to a hay yard 
at the Grove once the old mansion of the Knights of 
Kerry {v. the Black Earl's Raid p. 133), but then the resi- 
dence of Mr. John Hickson D.L. where it was built into 
a rick stand. This Knight of Kerry was the immediate 
ancestor of the family of Townsend of Castle Townsend 
Co. Cork who obtained the Fitzgerald estates around 
Dingle as mentioned at p. 181. His epitaph was as 
follows : — Immodicis Brevis est JEtas et rara se- 
nectus. H. S. E. Johannes Fitzgerald Eques 
Kerriensis, ex antiqua stirpe Equitum Kerrien- 
sium, oriundus suavitate, 1ngeni1 et integritate, 
morum ex1.mius erat in ore venustas, in pectore 


252 Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 


In the Churchyard of Ventry Mr. Hitchcock found the 
following. " Here lyeth the body of Frederick Brown 
who departed this life February ist a.d. 1775 aged eighty 
years." This gentleman was one of a family known as the 
Browns of Ventry erroneously (as I believe) supposed to 
descend from a Sir Reginald Brown who according to the 
records of the Court of Exchequer was sheriff of Kerry in 
the reign of Edward the Second. The descendants and 
kinsmen of Sir Reginald Brown appear to have been 
chiefly settled in the north and east side of the county 
where they occupied an influential position until the fall 
of their feudal lord the Earl of Desmond. There are 
amongst the State Papers letters from him during his 
imprisonment in London to John Brown of Anneto re- 
questing him to aid the Countess in collecting his dues 
in Kerry. In the survey of the Palatinate taken after the 
Earl's death amongst the ; " fee farms of divers castles 
towns and tenements being within the cantred of Offariba 
otherwise Arbowe" Co. Kerry, granted to Sir Edward 
Denny are the following " parcells of land lately in the 
tenure and occupation of Thomas Brown attainted" viz : 
11 the castle and lands of Listroan otherwise Lystrime, the 
castle town and lands of Ballinoe with their appurtenances 
which are now ruined and waste and the lands of Clog- 
hainin, Flynalymore, Ballyshimkin, Ballinglanybeg, Bally 
[illegible) t Ballinskrine, Kineen Comyne, Knockpoke, all 

Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 253 

or most of them" in the barony of Clanmorrish. In a 
map amongst the State Records drawn about 1572 and 
dedicated to Cecil Earl of Salisbury two districts in North 
Kerry lying between Ballykealy and Carrigafoyle bounded 
on the north by the Shannon and on the south-west by 
" Lixnaw" are marked " Crie (Creaght?) BrozvucJi" and 
" Crie Conclonchy In later records this territory is men- 
tioned as "Brown Londoner The kindred of the 
attainted Thomas Brown probably moved into Limerick 
or into Galway where their collateral ancestors had set- 
tled in 1 1 78, if any of their descendants remain in Kerry 
they are I suspect to be looked for rather in the thatched 
cabins of Clanmaurice than in the "big houses" of the 
Cromwellian proprietors at the other side of the county. 
I3v a strange weakness of human nature the descendants 
of these latter generally throughout Ireland, have too often 
shown themselves anxious to disown their origin and to 
claim descent, on slender proof, from the Cavaliers. Those 
who have studied the Court Chronicles of James the First 
and his son revealing the almost incredible villany, base- 
ness and meanness of their favourites, Howards, Carrs 
and Villierses may well wonder how any man could pre- 
fer to seek his ancestors in that gilded heap of filth, rather 
than amongst the pure, brave, high souled, patriots who 
swept it off the face of their country. Frederick Brown 
of Ventry was the descendant of YVhittall Brown who is 
mentioned in the Genealogical Records, and whose sig- 
nature appears with that of Brigadier Nelson to a Crom- 
wellian order amongst the Mac Gillicuddy Papers, edited 
by the Rev. Doctor Brady. John Nelson, Richard 
Ouseley, Whittall Brown and John Carrick were ap- 

254 Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 

pointed Commissioners for surveying forfeited lands in 
Kerry on the 28th July 1654, and the two latter settled 
in Corcaguiny and Trughenackmy. Whittall Brown's 
family is extinct in the male line, but in the female line 
the Eagars of Ardrinane, represented in 1S61 by the Rev. 
Thomas Eagar, Incumbent of Audenshaw, Manchester, 
the Eagars of Reencaherragh and of Gronmore claim 
descent from him. Arthur Brown, son of the Frederick 
whose epitaph is given above, sold the family property to 
Lord Ventry. 

In the parish of Garfinny the following inscription was 
found by Mr. Hitchcock, that painstaking and able 
archaeologist, whose premature death was a great loss to 
his native county of Kerry : " In ri Deo. O. p ro . Maximo 
Ejusque Fili . et'Sp. Sancto. Here lie Maurice Kennedy 
and his wife Judith Currane, James Kennedy and his 
wife Alice Moriarty Achillion. Said Maurice and James 
Kennedy were the sons of John, son of Maurice, son of 
John Kennedy, who in the days of Cromwell left Nenagh 
in Ormond and settled in the parish of Garfinnagh. This 
stone is consecrated to their memory by Joshua Kennedy 
M.U. and Rev. James Kennedy P.P. of Dingle sons of 
said James, a.d. 1S16." 

" Close to Lixnaw in a state nmv of almost irretrievable 
ruin" writes another correspondent of the Kerry Maga- 
zine in 1854 "of modern date though in an ancient burial 
ground stands the Church of Kiltomey ; two slabs once 
fixed in the South wall now fallen to the ground and 
almost illegible from defacement and lichens tell its 
history as follows : " Siste viator et si h.-ec vagos, 


Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 255 

quid posttum est mirari quam depositum obstupes- 
cere hic enim, parvula conditur urnula, magna 
constantia ol1m longorum delici^e tandem flfz- 
Mauriciorum utriusque tamen haud ignobile or- 
namentum." This Constance Lady Kerry (mother of 
Thomas, the first Earl, the husband of Lady Anne Petty) 
is said to have been the first wife of Saxon blood chosen 
by a head of the house of Lixnaw since the days of 
Henry II. Honora Lady Kerry, the wife of the 20th 
Lord and the writer of the well known (to Kerry readers 
at least) letter to Pierce Ferriter in i64i,died in 168S. 
Her tomb stands or did stand in a small chapel of the 
cathedral of Ardfert and had this inscription graven on 
it, — " This monument was erected and this chapel re- 
edified in the year 1688 by the Right Honorable Lady 
Dowager Kerry for herself, her children and their pos- 
teritie only, according to her agreement with the Dean 
and Chapter.-' The Magazine correspondent is amused 
at the Dowager's inscribing her title deed on her tomb- 
stone " after the manner he says of the ancient Romans *' 
but the poor lady had some excuse for the eccentricity 
inasmuch as the Fitzmaurices had been dispossessed of 
their ancient burial place in the preceding century by 
the churlish animosity of Governor Zouch, who forgetful 
of a brave soldier's saying when a similar line of conduct 
was suggested to him towards a fallen enemy, " We war 
not with the dead," refused to allow Thomas the six- 
teenth Lord Kerry to be buried with his forefathers in 
the abbey. Lady Kerry also knowing how precious to 
the neighbouring peasantry was a resting place within the 
shadow of St. Brandon's may have thought it right to give 

256 Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 

this conspicuous warning against trespass on her portion 
of the crowded old churchyard. 

Another inscription not in the Cathedral of Ardfert 
but in the ruined abbey attracted the attention of more 
than one antiquarian a few years since. It is probably now 
quite obliterated or covered at least by the grey lichens 
and green mosses (no where more lovely than in our soft 
south-western climate) " creatures full of pity " says Mr. 
JRaiskin in one of his exquisite word-pictures " covering 
with strange and tender honour the scarred disgrace of 
ruin laying quiet finger on the trembling stones to teach 
them rest." The following are the broken lines of the 
epitaph carved on a pillar in the ruined Franciscan 
abbey (within Mr. W. T. Crosbie's demesne) founded 
according to Smith and Sir Bernard Burke by the grand- 
son of Raymond Le Gros and of Meyler Fitz Flenry, 
Thomas the son of Maurice, and the first who assumed 
the honoured surname of Fitzmaurice : — 

DOR . . . R . FEC . . HO . O . U . 
Ora . . PR . . O : a : d : m : ccc : Lin. 
This was Mr. Hitchcock's reading of the inscription 
which he interpreted to refer to a Uonaldus Digen or 
O'Digen who had built that portion of the abbey. As 
Lewis in his Topographical Dictionary had said that its 
purport was — " Donald Fitz Bohen who sleeps here 
caused this work (i.e. chapel in the abbey) to be made " 
Mr. Flitchcock consulted Archdeacon Rowan who with- 
out giving any decided opinion on the reading of the sur- 
name suggested that the last line should be " orate pro 
eo " i.e. " pray for him," and that the word beginning the 

Inscriptions and EpitapJis. 257 

second line had been " dormitor " i.e. keeper of the dor- 
mitory in the monastery. Mr. Hitchcock next applied 
to the well known antiquary Richard Sainthill of Cork to 
ask his opinion on the subject and received the following 
letter which is given in the Kilkenny Archaeological 
Journal for 1S52. 

CORK, 5/// January, 1S51. 
Sir — In reply to your letter of the 3d inst. I have to say 
that being on a visit at Mrs. Crosbie's Ardfert Abbey in the 
autumn of 1830 I attempted to decipher the inscription on 
the wall of the abbey and in a communication which I made 
to my friend John Gough Xicholls which is published in the 
Gentleman's Magazine for May 1831 respecting Ardfert I 
see that I gave my idea of its reading being : — 
Donaldus Fitz Bohen Hoc 
Dormitor Fecit H. O. Us (Hoc Opus ?) 
Orate Pr* Eo. A . MCCCCLIII. 
Subsequently understanding that Sir Richard Colt Hoare 
had been at Ardfert I addressed a letter to him with my 
reading of the inscription and requesting his opinion as to its 
correctness and meaning to which he favoured me with a 
reply and this formed part of a very large collection of MSS. 
which I afterwards made to illustrate the history of the 
county Kerry to assist my friend John James Hickson, 
solicitor of Tralee, who proposed re-printing " Smith's His- 
tory of Kerry" with additions and illustrations. Mr. Hick- 
son's lamented death having put an end to this I some years 
since gave my whole collection of MSS. to the Rev. A. B. 
Rowan of Belmont near Tralee hoping that he might do 
something for the history of Kerry. Among these MSS. is 
Sir R. C. Hoare's communication to me of which I have no 
copy and can only refer you to Mr. Rowan if he is not the 
friend from whom you derive your information. 1 should sup- 
pose that I may have written to the baronet in 1S31. I was 
in London that spring and spent a good deal of my time 


258 Inscriptions and Epitaphs, 

searching the MSS. at the British Museum for Kerry history 
and I am inclined to think it was then I applied to Sir 
R. C. Hoare for his opinion as to the inscription. When I 
first saw it it was obscured by moss and 1 had hard work to 
rub off the accumulated incrustation. My idea is that the in- 
scription refers to the person who made that evident addition 
to the abbey. — I am Sir your obedient servant 

Richard Sainthill. 

Archdeacon Rowan afterwards looked up Sir R. C. 
Hoare's letter to Mr. Sainthill and sent it to Mr. Hitch- 
cock. It is as follows : 


Sir — I send you the best solution 1 can of your in- 
scription but it is not quite satisfactory to me. I cannot 
make anything of the letters " h-e-n-d '' but if read as follows 
it would be somewhat intelligible, " Donaldus Fitz Bohun 
heic dormitor fecit hoc opus, Orate Preco, A°. MCCCCLIII."' 

Your obedient servant, 


Mr. Sainthill, whose antiquarian zeal and knowledge 
were not less remarkable than his modest self sacrifice in 
allowing other men to enter into the fruit of his labours, 
was not mistaken in his hope that Archdeacon Rowan 
would do something for the history of our county. Few 
have done so much for it and it is only a matter of regret 
that he did not do more and carry out my father's design 
of a new and enlarged edition of Smith's History. The 
overwhelming pressure of a large professional practice in 
law agencies and Chancery prevented the latter making 
much way in the preparation of the work he had so much 
at heart but he did copy a large quantity of Mr. Saint- 

Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 2=59 

hill's MSS. in the hours which should have been devoted 
to rest and thereby hastened his own death. He had 
also copied from the originals at Ardfert and Bauncloon 
a great number of the Crosbie and Mac Gillicuddy 

On a stone which is or was a few years since in Dnn- 
kerron Castle, Kenmare the following words were carved 
"I. H. S. Maria Deo Gratias f this work was made the 
xxth of April 1596 by Owen O'Sullivan .Mor and Syly 
ny Donogh Mac Carthy Rieogh." On a tomb stone in 
Ballyoughtra Church-yard are the following names and 
dates. The abbreviations were inexplicable even to Mr. 
Hitchcock :-"I. H. S. Nagle. P" L m Terry 1551. A" 
L ji Ferriter 1642. P 1 ' V z Rice T722. L i; M cc Maho- 
nah aged 27. a.d. 1767. Pray for us." In Ardfert 
Cathedral there is a small sunken panel cut on a stone 
which bears the following words " Mav. Moore. K. 
1703." The k has puzzled our county antiquarians. It 
is not unlikely that the brief epitaph may have marked 
the burial place of Mary Fitzgerald of Kilduff, county 
Limerick, who as mentioned at p. S3, married Thomas 
Moore one of the Galway prisoners. The three follow- 
ing names and dates are on tomb stones in the same 
edifice. "Anne Smarley 1750. John Cowan T757. 
Francis Tellot 1758.'' They were probably servants or 
retainers of the Kails of Glandore who once held high 
and hospitable state in their neighbouring mansion of 
Ardfert. In Mrs. Bury Palliser's charming work on 
" Lace Antique and Modern " she mentions, when de- 
scribing the costly and artistic laces used sometimes to 
adorn the shrouds of deceased persons of high rank, that 

26o Inscriptions and Epitaphs, 

in the List century, Lord Glandore walking one day 
through the ruined abbey in his demesne, observed some- 
thing white near the aperture of a shattered tomb and 
that on going to examine it he drew forth a beautiful 
piece of old point, which had probably enfolded some 
departed Church dignitary or Lord of Kerry in the 
fourteenth or fifteenth century. From the following it 
would seem that the Franciscans lingered about their ruined 
abbey in the penal times. " This tomb was erected by 
Br. Anthony Kavenagh for y e Revs. Frs. Dermot Falvey 
deed. Aug. 226. 1750, Aged 6S : John Shea May 3d 
1 75 1, Aged 62 : I. Goggin Deer. 1st 1765 Aged 40 years 
and for the rest of his brethren. 1773.'' On another 
tablet in the old Cathedral there is the following inscrip- 
tion to a member of a family which still has a worthy and 
respected representative in Kerry. — "John Harnett of 
Ballyhenry a.d. 1766." 

Kerry Grand Juries. 

a.d. 1679. Valentine Brown de Ross, Bart. Wiilus Petty do 
Killowen, Mil. John Blennerhassett de Ballyseedy, An Henricus 
Ponsonby de Crotto, Ar. Samuel Morris de Ballybeggan, Ar. 
Jacobus Stopford de Roughty Bridge, Ar. George Evans de Kil- 
garvan, Ar. Robertus Oliver de Dromkeen, Ar. Rowland Bateman 
de Traly, Ar. Thomas Blennerhassett de Littur, Ar. Fredericus 
Mullens de Ballingolin, Ar. Edwardus Paine de Carrigafoyle, Ar. 
Anthonius Raymond de Ballyloughran, Ar. Edmundus Conway de 
Cloghane, Gent. Richardus Chute de Tulligarron, Ar. Richardus 
Mc Loughlin de Aghadoe, Gent. Henricus levers de Tarbert, Ar. 
Henricus Stoughton de Rathoe, Ar. Josephus Taylor de Killowen, 
Gent. Johannes Walker de Clonalassy, Gent. Anthonius ShortclitTe 

Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 261 

tie Castle-Gregory, Gent. Willus Gun de Rathoe, Gent. Robertus 
Saunders de Insula de Kerne, Gent. Petrus White de Cloghir, Gent. 
(Signed) Willus Carrique, Ar. Yir. 

Endorsed " My Triad on y e 30th of July. " Further endorsed 
in another hand " This is Sir Thomas Crosbie's writing." 

A.D. 1747 — Spring Assizes — Sir Maurice Crosbie Knt. John 
Blennerhassett, Richard Ponsonby, John Blennerhassett the younger, 
Rowland Bateman, James Crosbie, Thomas Stoughton, Townsend 
Gun, James Bateman (illegible) Crosbie, William Carrique, (ille- 
gible) Crosbie, Richard Meredith, John Wrenn, William Meredith, 
George Gun, William Blennerhassett, Richard Chute, Lancelot 
Crosbie, Theophilus Morris, William Godfrey, Frederick Mullens, 
John Edmunds, Anthony Stoughton High Sheriff. 

A.D. 1755. Richard Ponsonby, John Blennerhassett, Maurice 
Fitzgerald, John Blennerhassett, John Crosbie, Richard (illegible,) 
Robert Fitzgerald, James Crosbie, Nathaniel Bland, Townsend Gun, 
Thomas Stoughton, Richard Chute, Anthony Stoughton, William 
Carrique, John Godfrey, Richard Gregory, Robt. Leslie, Richard 
Morris, Edward Collis, George Gun, William Hilliard, James 
Raymond, Christopher Hilliard, William Raymond, Sheriff. 

High Sheriffs of Kerry 

1585, Ralph Lane. 1602, Walter Hussey of Movie and Dingle. 
1634, Sir Edward Denny Knt. 1638, Turlogh Mac Mahon. 1639 
Mac Dermot 0"Mahony. 1641, Sir Thomas Harris. 1654, Sir 
Thomas Southwell also Sheriff of Clare and Limerick. 1656, 
Arthur Denny. 1660, Rowland Bateman. 1 661. Thomas Crosbie. 
1682, Robert Blennerhassett. 16S3, Captain William Reeves. 
1685, Henry Stoughton. 16S6. Donogh Mac Gillicuddy. 1688, 
John Browne. 1693, Edward Herlx-rL 1695, Barry Denny. 
1699, William Crosbie. 1700, Edward Sewed. 7706, Maurice 
Fitzgerald. 170S, Edward Herbert. 1709, Honourable John 
Fitzmaurice. 1712, Rowland Bateman. 1714, Thomas Cro>l>ie. 
I7 I 5» J onn Carrique. 1716, George Rowan. 1717, John Blenner- 
hassett. 171S, Jasper Morris. 1 7 1 9, Francis Maynard. 1 721, 

262 Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 

Arthur Crosbie. 1722, James Leslie. 1723. Edward Denny Junr. 
1 73 1, James Carrique Ponsonby. 1732, Hon. John Fitzmaurice 
afterwards Earl of Shelbume. 1734, John Fitzgerald. 1735, 
William Godfrey. 1730, William Meredith. 1737, George Her- 
bert. 173S, John Markham. 1739, William Blennerhassett. 
1740, John Blennerhassett. 174 1, Arthur Denny. 1742, Arthur 
Herbert Junr. 1743, William Crosbie. 1744, Theophilus Morris. 
1745, John Wren. 1740, Robert Leslie. 1 747, Anthony Staughton. 
I74S, Frederick Mullins. 1749, Thomas Amory Mac Mahon. 
1750, William Carrique of Cloghei"s. r 75 1, James Crosbie. 1752, 
Lancelot Crosbie. 1754, John Godfrey. 1 755, William Raymond. 
1756, Knight of Kerry. 1757, Francis Chute. 175S, Rowland 
Bateman. 1759, Thomas Mullins. 1760, George Rowan. 1 761, 
William Blennerhassett. 1 762, John Gun. 1763, Samuel Morris. 
1764, George Gun. 1765, James Hickson. 1766, Richard Mere- 
dith. 1767, Francis Crosbie. 176S, William T. Gun. 1769, 
George Rowan Junr. 1770, Gustavus Crosbie. 1 771 , William 
Collis. 1772, John Sealy. 1 773, Samuel Raymond. 1774, G. A. 
F. Crosbie. 1775, William Sandes. 1 776, John Stack. 1777, 
Thos. Wren. 1778, Robert Hickson. 1779, Pierce Crosbie. 17S0, 
William Godfrey. 17S1, James Carrique Ponsonby. 1 782, Denis 
Mahony. 17S3, George CashelL 17S6, Richard Chute. 17S7, 
Arthur Herbert. 1 7SS, George Gun. 1 789, Edward Nash. 1790, 
Edward Orpen. 1791, Stephen Edward Rice. 1792, James 
Crosbie. 1793, Richard Mac Gillicuddy. 1794, Sir Barry Denny 
shot in a duel with John G. Crosbie when Robert Hickson was 
appointed in his stead. 1795, George Sandes. 1796, Edward 
Collis. 1797, William Ponsonby. 1 79S, John Collis. 1799, 
Ralph Marshall. iSoo, John Mahony. 1S01, John Godfrey. 
1802, George Twiss who died when his son Robert Twiss was 
appointed in his stead. 1S03, William Meredith. 1S04, Thomas 
William Sandes. 1S05, John Rowan. 1806, Francis Christopher 
Bland. 1S07, George Rowan. 1S0S, Robert Day. 1S09, Town- 
send Gun. 1S10, Samuel Sealy. 181 1, Robert Conway Hickson. 
1S12, Barry William Gun. 1S13, Daniel Mac Gillicuddy. 1814, 
Robert Leslie Junior. 1S15, Pierce Crosbie. 1S16, William 
Collis. 181 7, Richard Orpen Townsend. 1S1S, Charles Herbert. 
1S19, John Bateman. 1820, Arthur Blennerhassett afterwards Sir 
Arthur Blennerhassett, representative of the Killorglin branch of the 

Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 263 

family. 1821, Arthur Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy. 1822, Francis 

Chute. 1S23, Sir Robert Blennerhassett. 1S24, Richard Mac 
Gillicuckly. 1S25, Richard Mahony. 1826, John Hickson of the 
Grove. 1S27, Edward Denny. 1828, William Sandes. 1829, 
William Duncan Godfrey. 1830, Daniel Cronin first Roman 
Catholic Sheriff after the Emancipation Act. 1S31, Thomas after- 
ward., Sir Thomas Herbert. 1S32, Hon. W. Browne. 1S33, 
Charles George Fairfield. 1S34, William T. Gun. 1S35, James 
F. Bland. 1S36, Henry Arthur Herbert. 1S37, Hon. Thomas 
Browne. 1S38, Thomas Staughton. 1S39, John O'Connell. 
1840, Denis Shine Lawlor. 1841, Daniel Mahony. 1S42, Arthur 
Lloyd Saunders. 1S43. John Coltsmann. 1S44, Pierce Mahony 
Junior. 1S45, Christopher Gallwey. 1S46, Wilson Gun. 1S47, 
Daniel Cronin Junr. 1S4S, William Talbot Crosbie. 1S49, Peter 
Fitzgerald now Knight of Kerry. 1S50, Maurice James O'Connell. 
1S51, Valentine Browne. 1S52, Hon. Dayrolles de Moleyns. 
1S53, Richard Mahony. 1854, William Hickie. 1S55, Robert 
Conway Hickson. 1856, Richard Chute. 1S57, Edward Hussey. 
1S5S, Charles Blennerhassett. 1859, Francis Christopher Bland. 
I S60. Daniel O'Connell. 1S61, John Fermor Godfrey. 1S62, James 
Crosbie. 1S63, Robert Leslie. 1S64, John Morrogh Bernard. 
1S65, Francis B. Chute. 1S66, Sir Rowland Blennerhassett. 
1867, Nicholas Donovan. 1S6S, Daniel James O'Connell. 1S69, 
Samuel Murray Hussey. 1S70, Edward M. Bernard. 1S71, Town- 
send G. Gun. 1S72, William Creagh Hickie. 

Resident Justices of the Peace for Kerry. 
A.D. 1736. 

The Provost of Tralee, The Sovereign of Dingle, Samuel Morris 
K.C., Sir Maurice Crosbie Knt. , John Fitzmaurice, William 
Crosbie, Richd. Meredith, John Blennerhassett, Richard Ponsonby, 
Thomas Morgell, William Mullens, Thomas Orpen. Nathaniel 
Bland, Maurice Crosbie, Richard Morris, Townsend Gun, Arthur 
Denny, Norris Hoare, Thomas Stoughton, William Babington, John 

264 Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 

Wren, Richard Chute, PVancis Bland clerk, Francis Chute, William 
Godfrey, George Herbert, John Mason clerk, John Fitzmaurice, 
George Bateman, Thomas Blennerhassett, George Gun, Barry 
Denny clerk, John Blennerhassett, George Palmer clerk, Robert 
Leslie, Arthur Herbert, Wm. Crosbie, Wm. Blenerhassett, 
Theobald Butler, Richard Meredith junr., Row. Bateman, 
Edward Herbert clerk, Pierce Crosbie, Thomas Collis clerk, 
Christopher Julian, James Crosbie, Wm. Meredith, John Edmonds, 
John Bateman, Wm. Carrique, Theophilus Morris, John Plewson, 
Lancelot Crosbie. 

A List of Freeholders of the County Kerry 


Sheriff, to John Croker gent., his Attorney, 
in the Court of Common Pleas, 8th May, 

Sir Maurice Crosbie Knt., Wm. Crosbie of Tubrid Esq., John 
Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy Esq., John Fitzgerald of Dingle Esq., 
Arthur Denny of Tralee Esq., Edward Herbert of Kilcow, Esq., 
John Blenerhassett of Killorglin Esq., Florence MacCarthy of 
Pallice Esq., Townsend Gun of Rattoo Esq., Arthur Herbert of 
Currens Esq., Richard Meredith of Castle Island Esq., Richard 
Chute of Tulligarron Esq., George Herbert of Currens Esq., 
Thomas Blennerhassett of Tralee Esq., John Wrenn of Littur Esq., 
Richd. Meredith of Ballvmacdaniel Esq., Mau. Crosbie of Bally- 
kealv. Esq., Wm. Babington of Dromkeen Esq., Thomas 
Stoughton of Newtown Esq., Pierce Power of Elm Grove Esq., 
G. Fitzmaurce of Kilcarra Esq., Wm. Mullens of Eurnham Esq., 
Henry Parr of Dingle Esq., Rowland Bateman of Killeen 
Esq., George Bateman of Killeen Esq., George Gun of Carrick, 
Gent., William Babington of Maglass, Gent., William Blennerhassett 
of Flimby Hall, Gent., Pierce Chute of OTJrenan, Gent., Theobald 
McGhee of Dingle, Gent., William Godfrey of Callinafersy, Gent., 
Richard Orpen of Ardtully, Gent., James Supple of Currens, Gent., 

Inscriptions and Epitaphs. 265 

George Rowan of Drumbeg, Gent., Edward Day cf Loghercannon 
Gent., Robert Hilliard of Listrim Gent., Thomas Milliard of 
BallymacEgoge, Gent., Christopher Willoe of Garrihees, Gent., 
John Carrique of Cloghers Esq., Edward Collis of Barrow Gent., 
John Markham of Nunstown, Gent., John Yielding of Tralee, 
Gent., Theophilus Morris of Otterstown, Gent., Giles Rea of Derry- 
more, Gent., James Conway of Cloghane, Gent., James Crosbie of 
Ballyhigue, Esq., The llonble. John Fitzmaurice of Lixnaw, 
Esq., Francis Chute, Tralee, Esq. 

Another List. 

(No Date.) 

"William Meredith of Annagh Esq., "William Hilliard of Listrim, 
Gent., Thomas Hilliard of BallymacEgoge, Gent., "William Hilliard 
of the same, Gent., Thomas Collis of Listrim, Gent., Edward Collis 
of Barrow, Gent., Giles Ray of Derrymore, Gent., William Pain of 
Kerries, Charles Lavery of Tullihoonell, Gent., Christopher Hil- 
liard of Baltigarron, Gent., John Marshall of Urrehegale, Gent., 
Robert Twiss of Killentierna, Gent., Giles Twiss of the same, 
Gent., Philip Grady of Tralee. Gent., Richard Mason of Kilgobbin, 
Gent., Christopher Hilliard of Knockanish, Gent., William Hilliard 
of Ballyhenry, Gent., Daniel Mahony of Coolrea, Gent., Henry 
Willoe of Carrehane, Gent., Thomas Hogan of Tralee, Gent., 
William Hilliard of Listrim, Gent., Darby Mahony of (illegible) 
Simon Styles of Ballyheigue, John Barry of Killamey, Gent., Thomas 
Barry of Killamey, Gent., Florence Mahony of Coolroe, Gent., 
Edward Plummet of Traly, Gent., John Harnett of Kilca (illegible) 
John Pierce of Knocknagoole, Gent., Richard Collins of Ballyduggan, 
Gent., Richard Birch of Liscahane, Gent., Thomas Mac Mahon 

266 Inscriptions and EpitapJis. 

Resident Justices of the Peace for Kerry. 

A.D. 17S5. 

James Carrique of Crotto, E-q., William Collis of Ballyhorgan 
Esq., William T. Gun of Rattoo Esq., Rev. Francis Hewson of 
Woodford, John Bernard of Baliynegar Esq., Rev. Thomas Graves 
of Sackville, Rev. Anthony Stoughton of Ballynoe, Thomas Stoughton 
of Ballyhorgan Esq., Sir Barry Denny Bart, of Tralee, Sir William 
Godfrey Bart, of Bushfield, Thomas Collins Esq. Provost of Tra- 
lee, Conway Blenerhassett, Esq. of Reen Lodge, Arthur Blenner- 
hasset, Esq. of Arbela, Rev. Luke Godfrey of Anna, Richard Mere- 
dith, Esq. of Ballymacadam, Rev. Maynard Denny of Church Hill, 
Robert Hickson Esq. of Tralee, Edward Gorham, Esq. of O'Brenan, 
George Gun Esq. of Tralee, George Cashell Esq. of Castle Cashell, 
Nathaniel Payne Esq. oi Tralee, George Twiss Esq. of Cordell, 
Arthur Saunders Esq. of Killarney, Daniel Crumpe, Esq. of Barley- 
mount, James Eagar, Esq. of Cottage, Henry Arthur Herbert, Esq. 
of Mucruss, Richard Blennerhassett, Esq. of Killarney, Richard 
Townsend Herbert, Esq. 0^ Cahirnane, John Falvey, Esq. of Faha, 
Rev. Arthur Herbert of Killarney, Richard Orpen, Esq. of Ardtidly, 
Denis Mahony, Esq. of Dromore, Rev. James Bland of Derriquin, 
Rowland Blennerliassett of Church Town Esq., Rev. Edward Day 
of Beaufort. LL.D., John Mahony of Dromore, Esq., Whitwell 
Butler of Waterviile Esq., Rev. Brent Johnston of Cahir, Esq., 
Robert Hickson of Dingle Esq., George Rowan of Castle Gregory 
Esq., Thomas Mullins of Burnham Esq., John Eagar of Ardrinane 
Esq., Rev. James Day of Kilgobbin, Rev. Christopher Julian of 
Tullamore, George Gun Esq. of Ballybunnion, John Sandes Esq., 
of Moyvane. William Sanies, L>q. of Sallow Glin, Colthur^t Bate- 
man Esq. of Bedford, John Slack E<q. of Ballyconry, John 
Fit/. Maurice Mac Robert oi Fort Fitzmaurice Esq., Robert Leslie 
of Tarbert E,q., Alexander Elliott of Killacrim Esq. (Signed) 
William Hen. James Fitzgerald. June 16th 17S5. 



(Page 9.) 

Lands granted to the Blennerhassetts. — I have adhered 
in all cases to the old spelling of the Irish name-, in the Indenture of 
1622. In it, as well as in almost every record or survey connected 
with Ireland in the sixteenth century and drawn up by Englishmen, 
the Irish words are grossly misspelt (v. Dingle of the Husseys, page 
170;. The love of the Blennerhassetts for "the old house at home" 
induced them to give to a farm not far from Ballyseedy the Cum- 
brian name of Flimby, which it retains to this day. According to 
the Abstract of Grants under the Acts of Settlement and Explana- 
tion published by the Record Commissioners of 1821-25, J orm 
Blennerhassett obtained a confirmatory grant of 1,259 acres in Cork 
and 1,270 acres, 2 roods and 39 perches in Kerry. 

(Page 12.) 

Irish Parliament of 161 3. —The foregoing extracts are taken 
from a full account of the proceedings of this Parliament given in a 
volume in the British Museum Library entitled "'Desiderata Cu- 
riosa Hibernica, or a Select Collection of State Papers, to which 
are added Historical Tracts the whole illustrating the Political 
System of the Chief Governors and Government of Ireland during 
the reigns of Elizabeth, James I, and Charles I. Published by 
David Hay at the King's Arms in Parliament street Dublin. a.D. 
1772." The Collection contains a report of " His Majesty's Speech 
delivered in the Council Chamber at Whitehall on 'Thursday 
before Easter 12 April, 1614," in reply to the petitions and 
complaints of the Roman Catholic deputation. Like most of 
James's orations, which according to Sir Walter Scott (a lenient 
critic of a Stuart king) presented a " woeful contrast to the concise 
and masculine speeches of Elizabeth," it is inflated and tedious, but 
interspersed here and there with those shrewd hits which even the 
dullest Stuart was capable of administering in a war of words to his 
opponents. After condemning their conduct as full of "arrogant 
pride rash, and insolent," and their words as "fashioned with 
imilitudes unsavoury and unmannerly unfit to be presenteil to anv 

270 App:ndi.x. 

monarch," "James said — 'Of fourteen returns whereof you complained 
but tvo have been proved false, and in the government no thing 
hath been proved faulty, unless you would have the kingdom of 
Ireland like the kingdom of Heaven. Methinks you that will have 
a visible Head of the Church over all the earth and acknowledge a 
temporal! I lead under Christ, you may likewise acknowledge my 
Viceroy and Deputy in Ireland. You that are of a contrary religion 
must not look to be the only law maker.-— you that are hut half sub- 
jects should have half privileges — you have hut one eye to me one- 
way and to the pope one the other way. Strive henceforth to he 
good subjects, that you may have cor union et Z'iam uuini anil then I 
shall respect you all alike.''' I Vol. 1, page 302. ) It is to be re- 
membered that the most turbulent and unmanageable members of 
the Parliament rebuked by James were not the native Irish, but the 
descendants of the English settlers. On their way to the Castle the 
Tract tells us, " Lord Buttevant and Lord Gormanstow n fell at 
debate for precedence of places, as who should ride foremost, and 
take the upper hand, which strife continued between them all along 

the street even until they came to the Castle gate And shortly 

after they were called before the Lord Deputy and Council where 
each of them challenged precedency of the other by antiquity of 
their birth and callings, but when these antiquities proved doubtful, 
and could not he well settled for want of good records, itwas ordered 
that the Viscount Buttevant should have the precedency until the 
Viscount Gormanstown could bring forth more ancient records. 
Likewise at another time the Baron of Lixnawe and the Baron of 
Delvin contended for precedency, so did al-o the Baron of Trim- 
lestown and the young Baron ofDunsany." (Ibid page 205.) 

(Page 16.) 

Defence of the White House. — Readers of Lord Macaulay's 
History will remember his vivid account of the struggles and 
sufferings of the Protestant colonists in that south-western dis- 
trict of Kerry which he describes as the "most beautiful tract 
of the British Isles." (Hist, of England. Vol iii. p. 135.) 
The great historian derived his information on the subject from 
a rare pamphlet written in 1OS9 by one of the chief gentlemen 
of the Colony. Richard Orpen the agent of Sir William Petty, and 
the owner of the " White House" (a- it was popularly called.) a 
small mansion built on a rocky peninsula at Killowen in the parish of 
Renmare. When the troubles of 16S8 began Mr. Orpen and his 
father-in-law the Reverend Thomas Palmer had the White House 
provisioned and strengthened as a place of defence and into it the 
forty-two Protestant families of the neighbourhood, numbering 

Appendix, 2 7 1 

amongst them only seventy-five men capable of bearing arms, crowded 
for safety and shelter. The struggle maintained by the little garrison 
against a force of three thousand Irish soldiers and its final surrender, 
has been described by Smith, as well as by Macaulav and more re- 
cently in the last Hbtory of Kern-. Robert Orpen,' the father of 
the gallant defender of the White' House and the son of a Royalist 
officer who fell at Na.-eby, is mentioned in an Inquisition dated 1661 
as residing at Killorglin. His grandfather is said to have md a 
lady named Stephenson, one of whose sisters md O'Donoghoe of 
Ross, while another according to Sir Bernard Burke ///t/theMac 
Carthy Mor. Robert Orpen of Killorglin md Lucy Chichester, 
and had two sons Richard his heir the defender of the White House' 
Robert died in England s.p. and three dans Rachel md to John May- 
berry, Dorcas to Francis Crumpe and Margaret to Robert Uowen. 
After the surrender of the White House Richard Orpen escaped 
to England, from whence he returned an officer in King William's 
army and fought at the Boyne. He settled finally at Killowen and 
was a magistrate for Kerry. He is said to have proved a kind friend 
to many Roman Catholic families around Kenmare during the penal 
times, holding lands and leases in trust for them with an honourable 
fidelity then but too rarely observed even where brother dealt with 
brother. From Richard Orpen and his wife Isabella, dau. of 
the Rev. Thomas Palmer, descend the various branches of this much 
respected family now existing, represented by Sir Richard John 
Theodore Orpen, Knt. of ArdtuIIy, Kenmare, the Rev. Edward 
Orpen Vicar of Ashton Keynes, Wilts, and Richard Hungerford 
Orpen J. P. of Killaha, co. Kerry. 

(Page 17.) 

Katherine Town-enp wife of William Gun.— The tract savs 
of this lady : — "She had resolved when she came abroad with her hus- 
band, to undergo thegreatest Hardships and Dangers they should meete 
with rather than stay at Home, and he subject to of 
the unmerciful Irish rebels. Some whereof coming to the House of 
a gentleman one Mr. Burdett his wife great with child opving diem 
endeavoured to shut: the door, when they forced it in upon lier and 
shott her dead.' 3 (Tracts relating to the History of Ireland between 
1695 and I7°°. in the Ld>rary of the British Museum.) The follow- 
ing names connected with Cork, Kerry and Limerick appear in the 
list given of the Galway Prisoner-, Jonathan Bowles Thomas 
Busteed, John Chiimery, Andrew Xash, John Saunders, Edward 
Raymond. Bartholomew, Nicholas and Joseph l'urdon, William 
Walker, Edward and Christopher Oliver, Samuel Carter. Thomas 
Casey, William Rice, Thomas Moor. 

272 Appendix. 

(Page 22.) 

Repartee of the Duchess of Tyrconnei.e.— This mot is 
a tradition. It is not mentioned in the many tracts relating to James's 
flight preserved in the British Museum, but in such matters tradition 

is usually a safer guide than written records. Story says— "My 
Lady Tyrconnell met him at the Castle gates and after he was up 
stairs her Ladyship a>ked him what he would have for supper, who 
then gave her an account of what a breakfast he had got, which 
made him have but little stomach for his supper. Some say he had 
sent to Sir Patrick Trant and another gentleman towards Waterford 
to provide shipping for him, beforehand, for fear of the worst, but I 
have not heard the certainty of it.'' (Impartial History p. 49.) 

(Page 35.) 

Jenkin Conway. — He appears to have come to Ireland shortly 
before the death of Desmond. There is a letter in the State Paper 
Office, dated 8th March, 1583, from Wallop to Walsingham saying 
that he "cannot grant his (Walsingham's) man anie commodities' 
The phrase may be taken to mean that Conway was a person 
specially recommended by Walsingham, who had reason to believe 
him worthy of civil or military employment in Ireland, or that he was 
at one time actually in the service of Walsingham it may be his 
personal attendant. If we take the latter to be the true meaning of 
the expression, it is to be remembered that service in the household 
of a great man in 1583 implied no such inferiority of birth or social 
position on the part of the servitour as we are accustomed to associate 
with the word servant now a days. The servant of a nobleman or 
great officer of state in the reign of Elizabeth and James, was 
generally, if not invariably, like the Squire and Page of the feudal 
baron, of noble or gentle blood. In a note to his valuable "Essays 
on Historical Truth " Mr. Bisset says, referring to the attendants of 
the Earl of Cowrie accused of conspiring against James the Sixth ; 
" Thomas Cranstoun though according to The custom of that age' 
throughout Europe, only a servitour to the Earl of Cowrie, was a bro- 
ther of Sir John Cranstoun of Cranstoun. Pepys relates how in Queen 
Elizabeth s time " one young nobleman would wait with a trencher 
at the back of another till he came of age," witnessed in "my yomv 
Lord of Kent who waited upon my Lord of Bedford at table, when 
a letter came to Lord Bedford that the Earldom of Kent was 
fallen to his servant, the young lord. so he, Lord Bedford, rose 
from the table and made him sit down in his place and took 
a lower himself for he was by place so to sit." (Bisset's Essays on 
Historical Truth p. 240.) Notwithstanding the Tudor jealousy of 

Appendix. 273 

the nobles of the old blood whose ancestors had been troublesome 
subjects to the Plantagenet kings, Elizabeth honoured high birth with 
a woman's instinctive conservatism whenever she felt it safe to do so, 
and would naturally favour junior scions of the great houses of the 
Principality, Herberts and Con ways, who were engaged in the Irish 
wars endeavouring to improve their slender fortunes or to build up 
new ones. Conway's promotion accordingly was not long delayed, 
for in less than a month after Wallop's unfavourable response' the 
Queen's faithful Lord General, Ormond, writes to Walsingham that 
he " has taken Jenkin Conway " into his own company. On the 
29th October, 1584, Jenkin Conway writes from Dublin to his patron 
at court. 

To the Right Honourable and his very good Mr. Sir Frances ll'al- 
singham Knt. Principall Secretary to her Ma** 1 '* most Honour- 
abell Privy Council!. 

Right Honourable 

My humble dutie remembered. I have hitherto forborne 
to write unto yo r hono r not soe moche for want of matter as for 
feare to be troblesome, but in dischardge of my dutye as by vo 
hono rs accustomed favoure to be relieved I have nowe presumed 
to present you with these few lynes, beseechinge you to excuse 
my boldness therein. Since my arrivall in Ireland I have dy- 
verse tymes moved my Lord about Killorgan, but can receive no 
comforte, and I feare his Lordshipp's meaninge is to bestowe it 
uppon some other, onless by yo' hono r " s good meanes it be pre- 
vented. I desire none otherwise to have it but as it shall be sur- 
vayed for her Ma lk ' s benefit!, w LiI demaunde is nothing un- 
reasonable, neither maie it justly be denyed me, for thoughe my 
habilitye be small yett is there none that shall more faithfully 
serve her Ma tie than nvyselfe, howsoever it shall please her to 
employe me. I beseech yo r hoi:o' call to mynde the tvme that 
I have spente, and the travel! I have had during my continuance 
here, and let not me alone be the man that shall remayne un- 
recompensed. I due so well assure myselfe of yo r honor's fur- 
derance, that amongst all these dowtcs I due yett receive some 
comforte, In sum 1 referre myselfe and my cawse wholly to yor 
hono r beseeching the Almightye to send yo helth anil longe life 
w tl1 increase of honor to Coil's good will and pleasure : From 
Dubelin this xxist of October 15S4. 

Yor honor's moste humble and 

obedi-'nt pore servant 

Jenkin Conway. 

274 Appendix. 

This letter seems not to have been disregarded, but the maxim 
"much will have more" had a special application to the case of the 
Elizabethan undertakers, their "land hunger" grew by what it fed 
on, and in the following year we find Conway again writing from 
Dingle to Walsin^ham 

Right Honourable, 

My humble dutie remembred, I have by my former lettres 
advertised yo r hono r of my Lo : Deputies favorable dcalinge with 
me aswell in appointing me subshirive of the Shier, which by reason 
of Mr. Lane's absence hath ben more credit than commoditie unto 
me ; as allso in grantinge me chifely in respecte of yo r hono rs favo- 
rable comendacon, the custodiain of Kylorgan accord inge to my 
desire, and in all things else have found him so much my good 
Lo : and so willinge to do me pleasure, that as I cannot but ac- 
knowledge it so, I desire that by yor honor he may be made to 
know that I am not unthankfull for it ; Ilumblie beseechinge 
yot hono r of yo r accustomed goodness to be allso a meane for my 
better assurance in enjoyinge the benefitt of that which hath 
hitherto beene onely a troble and a chardge unto me, not doubting 
but my Lo : Ueputie will moste wileingly agre to enythinge that he 
shall perceive to be to yo r hono r likinge. The countrye, God be 
thanked, is in verry good state for eny matter now in action, and 
likely if it so continew in short tyme to become very happye. One 
Donogh M c Cartie, a base Sonne of the Karl of Clancare^ w ,h the 
nomb 1 ' of xx tie or thirtye men, doth somewhat disquiett the coun- 
trye, but I hope he shall be cuttoff by some good meanes before 
he growe to eny strengthe, wherein my travel! and service shall 
not be neglected. I have fownde the Lo : President and his 
brother the Vice President my very goode frends at all tymes : 
praying yo r hono r to have it in remembrance as to yo r wisdome 
shall seme mete, And soe cravinge pardon for my boldenes w Ul the 
remembrance of my dutie to my good Ladye, I doe moste humblie 
take my leave. Dinglecushe this xth of Julye 15S5 
Yo r hono r ' a servant allways at 
Indorsed comandement 

10. July, 15S5 Jenkyn Conway. 

' ' From Con wey. ' ' 

He was certainly no backward suitor, but neither were any of his 
fellow-adventurers, some of whom had never served in the army. 
By a certificate (preserved amongst the Carew MSS. ) dated 2^th Tuly, 
15S7, he was put in possession of Killorglin and Castle Drum, and 

from a note appended to it we learn that those lands were parcels of 
property occupied by Sir Valentine Brown, and assigned by him to 
Conway. As I have elsewhere observed the undertakers, amongst 

Appendix. 275 

whom was Sir Valentine who was also the surveyor of the escheated 
Palatinate, seem to have exchanged portions of their grants with one 
another pretty much as they pleased. It was not until Florence 
MacCarthy who had married the Earl of Clancare's heiress (and 
whose claims in many ways interfered with those of Sir Valentine 
and Jenkin Conway) was finally lodged in the English prison where 
he died, that their grants were finally extended and confirmed. From 
the Records of the Irish Court of Chancer)' it appears, that James 
the First in the eleventh year of his reign, granted to "Jenkin Con- 
way his heirs and assigns for ever the Seignory of Killbrglin, "with 
power to hold a Court Baron beofre Seneschals appointed by him and 
his heirs etc," and also the " Abbey, Priory, Scite, Circuit and pre- 
cincts of Innisfallen in the county of Kerry." A note on the margin 
of Captain John Blennerhassett's book of pedigrees says*. "The 
following was copied out by Mr. Thomas Spring of the Gross Survey 
Books in the Surveyor-General's Office, — " Glanerought Barony, the 
four plowlands of Cahir, the four plowlands of Droumdagour and 
Bar-Xeddeen belonged always to the Pryor of Killaha as to the 
impropriation. The rest of the Impropriation of the parish of Ken- 
mare belongs to the heirs of Jenkin Conway, viz : John Dowdall 
Esq. Councellor-at-law anno 1735, to be found at the Peacock Inn, 
Water Lane, Fleet Street, London." 

John Dowdall was a member of a family long settled in Ireland 
and holding a high position in Meath and Limerick. There is a letter 
of his amongst the Southwell Correspondence in the British Museum, 
from which it appears that he Mas actively engaged as a lawyer for 
Sir Richard Cox's family and others who were endeavouring to defeat 
the indisputably just claims of the unfortunate Earl of Clancarthy 
to some portion of the vast estates of his ancestors. John Dowdall 
must have died s.p. or sold his Kerry estate, for after 1 736 there is 
no trace of his name amongst the landed proprietors of the count v. 
The male line of Jenkin Conway having terminated with his grand- 
son, there are no direct descendants of his bearing his name now in 
existence, but in the female line he has numerous descendants in 
Minister. As the limited space at my disposal here, obliges me to 
confine my attention to families mentioned in the State Records as 
intimately connected with historical events relating to the county, I 
am unable to comply with the request of many esteemed corres- 
pondents to continue the genealogies in Captain Blennerhassett's 
book down to the present day, but I have endeavoured to supply, 
as far as possible, the information required by adding in, at the close 
of the Appendix, a few genealogical notes of some of those families 
who descend from the Conway co-heiresses. Were I to attempt at 
present to complete the Kerry pedigrees which Captain Blennerhassett 
has brought down to 1736, I should have to omit a quantity of the 
matter promised in the prospectus of this little book, or to add 

276 Appendix. 

another volume to it, which 1 may hereafter do if a certain number 
of subscribers are found to warrant such an undertaking. 

(Page 36.) 

William Blennerhassett husband of Mary Morlev. — 

When the male line of his elder brother failed this gentleman's de- 
scendants succeeded at Ballyseedy the present owner of which is 
Arthur Blennerhassett born 25th of June 1S56. [v. Burke's Landed 

(Page 37.) 

Blennerhassett oe Riddelstown.— From this marriage of 
Edward Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Windall descends Gerald 
Blennerhassett, present owner of Riddelstown and John Brooke Blen- 
nerhassett of Rockheld, near Rathkeale. 

(Page 46. ) 

Robert Blennerhassett husband of Frances Yielding. — 
From this marriage descends the present Sir Rowland Blennerhassett 
Bart, of Churchtown near Killarney (v. Burke's Baronetage) and in 
the female line Charles Conyers of Castle Town Conyers Co. Lime- 
rick and his brother Grady Conyers of Liskennett in the same 

(Page 63.) 

John Edmonds of Ashdee. —William Hickey of Kilelton, Co. 

Kerry, according to Sir Bernard Burke md Pomel, heiress of John 
Edmonds of Ashdee same county, descended from Sir Anthony Ed- 
monds and his wife Margaret, dau of O'Connor Kerry, which mar- 
riage saved the lands of East and West Ashdee from confiscation. 
West Ashdee was inherited by the wife of William Hickey whose son 
md Phillis Trant of Dingle and had a son William who md Margaret 
dau of Pierce Xagle of Anakissy and niece of Sir Richard Xagle, 
Attorney-General in the reign of James II. William Hickey and 
Margaret Xagle had a son the grandfather of the present William 
Creagh Hickey of Kilelton D.L. and his brother Colonel James 
Hickey of the 7th Fusileers. 

(Page 66. 
Sir John Blennerhassett.— His funeral Certificate and that 

Appendix. 277 

of his wife the dan of Richard Duke of Bashall in Suffolk are in the 

British Museum MSS. He died 14th November 1624, and was in- 
terred in St. Patrick's Cathedral Dublin having for chief mourners 
Mr. Ambrose Blennerhassett, Mr. Robert Blennerhassett and Mr. 

(Page 68.) 

Blennerhassett of Fermanagh. — From a brother of this 
Henry Blennerhassett of Castle "Hassett who>e funeral certificate is 
also among the British Museum MSS. the present St. John Blenner- 
hassett of llardwicke street, Dublin claims to descend. 

(Page 77.) 

Captain John Downing. — It is likely that Captain Downing 
was a son or grandson of the Lieutenant Downing who is mentioned 
in Pacata Hibernia as having distinguished himself at the Siege of 
Dunbuy " Then Captain Bostock divided his men into three boats 
and the pinnace bearing upon the fort with her ordnance hee and 
Lieutenant Downing assayed the uttermost fort which after a good 
defence made, their resolution and valour carried it." — [Pacata Jli- 
beruia p. 318.) The connection with the Spring family may have 
brought the Downings into Kerry where they intermarried with the 
Guns of Rattoo. (v. p. 45. ) 

(Page S5.) 

Winfred Mac Elligott. — The name of Mac Elligott in old 
documents is sometimes spelt Mac Llyot, Mac Leod and Mac Elgote. 
In the maps of 1576 and 1602 in the State Paper Office and Carew 
MSS. their Castle is set down as Castle Eliot. In the old Peerage 
books Maurice, the second baron of Lixnawe is said to have md 
Mary Mac Leod, dau. and heiress of Sir John Mac Leod of Galway, 
and after a search in the Heralds Ofhce and amongst the Irish records 
in Dublin Castle, Archdeacon Rowan ascertained that this version of 
the pedigree was a mistake and that the heiress bride of Fitzmaurice 
was Mary, dau of Mac Lligot of Galey, in Clanmaurice. In the 
Patent Rolls of James I is a general pardon to Thomas Baron of 
Lixnawe and a number of his retainers, including John and Thomas 
Eligot of Galey. Archdeacon Rowan says that : — " in the Rolls of 
22nd James I, a.i>. 1625. we find an entry of Pardon of Alienation 
to Maurice Mac Elligut, for alienation to his nephew and heir John 
Mac Elligot, of premises held in capite without license. "This 
Maurice/ continues the Archdeacon, "deceased 20th April 1619 ?) 
and an Inquisition held at Killarney 15th September 1624, found that 

278 Appcjidix. 

he died seized of Ballygennes and Turhery, Ballyquagh, Bally- 
ncmoncv, Ballyfaud, Illagh, Ballybeg, Bellaty-grillagh and Glan- 
naglnty and the Inquisition also found that by deed 20th April 1609, 
he had conveyed to the said John McElgote, Tulligarron, Kisard- 
boulv, Glandonellane, Tourreagh, Ballynahenessie, Fidenagh, 
Clog'herleine, Caherbrehy, Ballymurrene, Rathlane and Keelbane 
* * & * * j n or aU out this time Daniel Chute married Joanna Mnc 
Elligot who is presumed to have been the heiress of John above 
mentioned, for ever since then most of the denominations conveyed by 
the deed of 1609 to him, have continued among the possessions of 
the Chute familv, and have come in the line of descent to our pre- 
sent High Sheri'ff, Richard Chute Esq. of Tulligarron, who now 
worthily' enjoys the same ; but there was also undoubtedly another 
branch 'of the family seated at Ballymac Eligott itself * * * * ft was 
probably the proprietor of Ballymac Elligott who md Grace Crosbie 
dau of the Bishop of Ardfert." '(Kerry Magazine, September, 1856.) 
Thus far the Archdeacon, but from some documents which he seems 
not to have seen, and which have been kindly lent to me by the 
present respected owner of Chute Hall, Francis Blcnnerhassett 
Chute Esq. we are able to ascertain that the Mac Elligott owner 
of Ballymac Elligott, was also the owner of Tulligarron before 
1630 and that he was the husband of Katherine (not Grace) Crosbie, 
who was the daughter of the Bishop of Ardfert. One of these 
documents is an Indenture made the 1st day of May 1630 " in the 
sixth yeare of our moste gratious Soverayne King Charles the \ irst 
etc. between John Mac Elgote, alias Mac Elgote of Bally McElgote, 
in the Conntie of Kerrye gent, and Walter Crosbie of Ballynoe in the 
Countie of Kerrye Esq. feoffee in trust of the said John McElgote on 
the one parte, and Daniell Chute of Tullygarron Esq. on the other 
parte, Witnesseth, that the sd John McElgote and Walter Crosbie for 
divers Toode causes and valuable consideracons them thereunto mov- 
ing, and especially for and in consideracon of the som of one thousand 
pounds ster. etc 'to him the said John McElgote, alias Mc Elgote, 
in hand paide by the sd Daniell Chute * * * * have given grantted, 
bargained, sold', enfeoffed and confirmed etc. all those lands, tene- 
ments and hereditaments comonly called and known by the name of 
Tullygarron and Lyssardspoula, Tonereogh, Gladdanydonnellane, 
Ballygakine, Ballyneguishe, Keillbeggand Clogherclynne conteyning 
on the whole by estimacon seven plow lands, be it more or lesse, as 
they are particularly meared and bounded that is to say, to the caste 
uppon the land of Carrignafelye and Lyssoolyne being in the tenure 
and possession of James Ryves Esq. and soe leadinge upp a river 
or water course toward the mountaine to the lands ol Kikluffc and 
Ballincclig, and to the north boundinge with the lands of Altennbegg, 
alias Torsellelh, being ahoe the lands of the said James Ryves, and 
boe leading upp northward to the land called Ballyneinbivathnagh 
being the freehold of Dermoid Mc Tirlagh O'Connor, and to the 

Appendix. 279 

west to the lands of Ballinora in the tenure and occupacon of 
Edrnond lloare * * * * ail( ] to the southward bounding with the 
lands of Cahirbriagh nowe in the tenure of the said Diermo I Mc 
Tirlagh O'Connor, and sue leading southward to the lands of 
Curragh Mc Donogh in the tenure and occupacon of Robert 
Blennerhassett etc." All tliese lands thus sold by Mc Elgote, who 
seems still to have retained Pally Mc Elgote in his own hands, were 
subject to a rent of a few shillings yearly to Trinity College, reserved 
by a Deed, 39th Elizabeth, between "Walter 1 ravers Provost of 
the said College, and Maurice Mc Elgote." The Indenture further 
engages that "John Mc Elgote, alias Mc Elgote, and Walter Crosbie 
and Katherine Mac Elgote alias Crosbie the said John his wyfe, 
shall at or before the feaste Day of Michael next ensueing or one 
moneth after levie a fine sur Recognizance de droit (illegible) unto 
the said Daniell Chute etc." — and put him in possession of the 
premises before mentioned. The witnesses to this deed are Na- 
thaniel Langdon (the Dean of Ardfert mentioned at p. 79.) Patrick 
Harrolde, Tiegue Mac Owen Carty, George White, (Provost of 
Tralee,) Ulicke, Edrnond, and Morris Mc Elgott, John O'Connor 
and John Eanninge the five last signing with a mark or cross. The 
signatures of the Mac Elligott, Daniel Chute, and Dean Langdon, 
are in a fine, bold, hand legible as if written yesterday ; but the 
indenture itself is ill written and carelessly spelt, especially in the 
repetition of the " Mc Elgote alias Mac Elgote," both names being 
exactly alike notwithstanding the alias intervening. The writer 
probably meant to put "Mac Elgote alias Mac Elyote. " The 
following passage in the letters patent of Charles I. confirming Sir 
Edward Denny in his estates is curious, as tending to verify the 
tradition that the Mac Eligotts were in former times, rightly or 
wrongly, regarded as of the British race and not of the " meere 
Irishe:" — "And further the said Sir Edward Denny for himself, 
his heirs and assigns, covenants and grants by these presents to and 
with us our heirs and successors, that he the said aforesaid Sir 
Edward Denny Knt. his heirs and assigns within two years after 
the date of these presents will place, constitute, and have in upon 
the before mentioned premises or some parcell thereof, eight free 
tenants of the English or British race, origin, or blood, besides the 
aforesaid James Ryeves, Maurice Mac Richard Elligott, Robert 
Blennerhassett and James Conway." Sir George Carew however 
in his "List of Englishe by descent and meere Irish in Kerrie," 
puts the Mac Elligotts with the latter, thus : — " Englishe of 
descent, Baron of Lixnawe, R night of Kerrie, Bishop of Ard- 
fert, Hussey chief of his name, I lores. Rices, Browns, John 
Oge of the Island and his sept. Mac Henrys: Meere Irishe, 
Moriertaghes, O'Connor Kerrie, Mac Heligots." (Carew MSS. 
co,L:x 635.) The father of Daniel Chute i> said to have come to 
Ireland in the rei'jn of Elizabeth He claimed descent from the 

280 Appendix. 

Chutes of Appledore in Kent, whose ancestor Philip Chute was 
standard bearer to Henry the Eighth and whose distinguished 
services at the siege of Boulogne procured him an augmentation 
to his coat of arms and the motto *' Fortune de la Guerre." The 
Chutes of the Vine in Hampshire were of" the same family. A genea- 
logical memoir in the possession of the present owner of Tulligarron 
(now Chute hail) states that the first of the name in England was a 
Chevalier de la Shute, who came from France in the household of 
the Princess Catherine wife of Henry Y, but the Chutes according 
to Sir Bernard Burke were Eords of the Manor of Taunton in the 
reign of Edward II. The present representative of the family in 
Kerry at the present day is Francis Blennerhassett Chute Esq. of 
Tulligarron (or Chute Hall), while younger branches are worthily 
represented by Rowland Chute Esq. of Eeebrook and Charles Chute 
Esq. of Tralee. In a county, happily distinguished for the kindly 
relation existing between landlords and tenants and indeed between 
all ranks and classes of society, these gentlemen and their ancestors 
have ever been highly and deservedly esteemed and respected. The 
grandfather of the present Charles Chute ot Tralee was a Eieutcnant 
in the ninth regiment, and received a dangerous wound at the Siege 
of Belle Isle. "He fought also at the capture of the Havanna and 
after his retirement from the service and return home filled for many 
years the office of County Treasurer. The brother of the present 
owner of Chute Hall, a'young officer of the higl.est promise, died 
in his 2 1 st year serving with Havelock before Eucknow, while his 
uncle is General Sir Trevor Chute K.C.B., distinguished for his 
gallant services in New Zealand. He married Ellen, dau. of Samuel 
Urownrigg of Auckland in that colony. Through the marriage of 
the Chutes with various families throughout the county the blood of 
the Mac Elligotts is inherited by many, amongst others by the Mac 
Gillicuddys, Collies, Leynes, Days. Hicksons, Masons, of Cappa- 
nahane Co. Limerick, and of Rockville Co. Kerry, Sealys, Rowans 
of Rathanny, A Veekes, Neligans of Tralee, Xagles of Ballinamona 
Co. Cork, Raymonds of Riversdale, of Dromin and of Dublin ,kc. 

(Page 90.) 

Sir Maurice Hurly. — The Hurlys are mentioned by Giraldus 
Cambrensis as among the men of note of " the English breede " in 
Eimerick, and Sir George Carew also says that the chief gentlemen 
of that county are the "Burghs, Hurlys, Suppels, Purcells and 
Eacys." Sir 'Maurice Hurly was tran-planted to Connaught by 
Cromwell. In Mr. Prendergast's " Cromwdlian Settlement " will 
be found the certificate of his transplantation, giving an exact de- 
scription of the personal appearance of each member of his family and 
household, [v. p. 295.) 

Appendix. 281 

(Page 92.) 

Mac Adam Barry. — Cambrensis says of the first of this family 
in Ireland. — " This Philip do IJarrie having seized uppon lands and 
power in Irelande, his posterilie have ever since continued in that 
lande and nothing degenerating from their first ancestor, have from 
age to age been noble and valiante gentlemen, and who for their 
fidelity and good sense were advanced to honour and made viscounts 
and in that title of honour doe still continue ; but woulde to Cod they 
were not so misled, rooted, and altogether seized in Irishrie, their 
name and honours beinge onlie Englishe, alle the rest for the moste 
parte Irishe." {Hookers Translation dedicated to Sir Walter 

The Antiquitiks of Tralee. (Pageiio.) 

The house referred to by Archdeacon Rowan as occupying the 
supposed site of Rice's Castle has lately been purchased from Mr 
E. Stokes by a branch of the Bank of Ireland. The river in old 
times ran round the great castle, southward through the green, where 
the care-taker's cottage now stands, but in the last century Sir 
Thomas Denny rather to the detriment of the beauty of his demesne 
altered its course and forced it to run along the Mall. In the 
Annals of Connacht Tralee is called Traigh-li-mic-Deadad i.e. the 
Strand of Li the Son of Deadad, a derivation which will probably 
come like a surprise on many of its inhabitants. The same annals 
say that it was here and not in Drogheda that Thomas 8th Earl 
of Desmond was beheaded, when the De Veres his retainers are 
said to have renounced their English name and adopted that of Mac 
Swiney "out of hatred and revenge." Amongst the notes for the 
settlement of Ireland in the Carew MSS. there is one recommend- 
ing that the "chief town of Kerrye " should be built either at 
Castle Mayne or Tralee but rather at the latter place " on account 
of its iiood harbour." 


The first record concerning Liscahane (which Mr. Joyce in his 
Irish names of places interprets as the lis or fort of O'Kane, that I 
have been able to obtain i.-> in a Certificate amongst the Carew MSS. 
of lands allotted on the 21st of May 15S7, to "Sir Francis 
Walsingham, Sir Edward Denny and their associates. '' The place 
is described in this document as " the castell ami lands of Liscahane, 
late in the po.^se^sion of John Oge Morris," probably a scion of the 
house of Lixnaw, whose family name was olten thus abbreviated. 
There is a man of Minister in the State Paper Office, drawn about 

282 Appendix. 

1608, and dedicated to Cecil Earl of Salisbury who added in many 
names on it with his own hand. Appended to it are explanatory 
remarks and lists of "men of note" in the province from which I 
extract the following :—" Men of Note entitled O'- O'Suylevan 
Mor, O'Suylevan Bear, O'Connor Kerrie, OTIarte, O'Mac Granal, 
O'Kennedy Dun, O'Kennedy Roe, O'Kennedy Fyn. — Men of Note 
entitled Mac ; Mac Fyncen att Ardtullie, Mac Helygot att lially 
Mac Helygot, Mac Carthy, John MacUlick att the Castell of 
0'15renane, Edmond Mac Shane att Morrigane, Donell Mac Fun (?) 
att Tybrid, Mac Gellccudde att Bodismeen, Donell MacMoriertaghe 
att Castell Drym, Dermot MacTirlogh att Ballingoun, Mac Gray att 
Tannin Mac Grey. — Others besydes these : James Fitzjohn de 
Lickfournea, Fitzmorishe att Lixnawe, Brown att Brownogh, Charles 
Herbert att Clounmillane, Hussaye att Castle Gregorie, Trant att 
Caer Trant, Thomas Oge att Ardnagragh, Edward Gray att Lisca- 
hane, Raymond Oge, * * * * Whether alle these men of note do 
yet holde or who of them are extincte it appeareth not. Therefor I 
thought it most conveniente to inserte as manie as I founde anie wher 
mencioned, for that noe doute manie els unknowne are perforce 
omitted." (Maps of Ireland S. P. Office.) Smith in his History 
of Kerry (p. 2S0) says that Liscahane Castle was taken by the Irish 
in 159S from " Edward Gray an undertaker under Sir Edward 
Denny and that it was soon after re-taken by Maurice Stack, an 
officer serving under Sir George Carew. Edward Gray, Charles 
Herbert, Thomas Spring, Nicholas Kenan Bishop of Ardfert, and 
Nicholas and Thomas Brown, petitioned the Privy Council on the 
death of the Earl of Clancare, that his estates might not be granted 
to his daughter and her husband Florence Mac Carthy Reagh, but 
partitioned amongst themselves and other " poore English gentle- 
men " " whose dangjr" they add with perfect truth " if Florence 
obtain the landes cannot but be greate. " In the Journal of the 
Siege of Tralee Castle in 1641, kept by Elkanagh Knight one of the 
garrison, a Daniel Gray is mentioned as a householder in the 
town. After that period the Gun family are found settled near 
Liscahane. A Mr. John Gun was an agent in 1642 — 9 for the 
" Adventurers for the Land and Sea Service." {v. Prendergast's 
History of the Cromwellian Settlement p.225.) He claimed the 
estates of Lady Thurles in Tipperary, as "a Popish recusant 
removeable " and urged her immediate transplantation to Connaught. 
Liscahane could never have been a place of much importance. 
Carew describes it as "a poore littel castle." Ballybeggan before 
1641 belonged to Walter Hussey mentioned at p. 76. The 
following extract referring to it I copied many years ago from a 
curiou.-, old MS. volume entitled "Deeds, Evidences, Escripts and 
Surveys concerning the estate of Samuel Morris Esq. collected 
March 1695. ' This record of an honourable old county family 
now passed away was given to my father in 1S37 as material for his 

Appendix. 283 

intended illustrations of Smith's History, by Samuel Morris Esq. 
the last of the name who held Ballybeggan, but it was afterwards 
borrowed with other MSS. of the same kind and finally appro- 
priated by Mr. Michael Creagh, a well known Dublin solicitor, who 
" left his country for his country's good" in or about 1S57 : — " The 
Deeds of Mortgage made by Walter Hussey and Philip Exham, son 
of Richard Exham, of the four plowlands of Ballybeggan, in the 
county of Kerry, barony of Trughenackmy, and parish of Ratass for 
/"500, the said Deed bears dp<e, the 10th of June 1639. Colonel 
David Crosbie redeemed the said mortgage by the allowance and 
consent of the said Walter Hussey, and paid the said ^500 to the 
said Richard Exham, father of the said Philip, and the said deed of 
mortgage and the possession of the castle and the lands was 
delivered to the said Colonel Crosbie presently upon his payment 
of the ^500. The deeds and mortgage made by Walter Hussey of 
the said Castle and lands unto the said Colonel Crosbie for /.500 
dated the nth May 1649." If Archdeacon Rowan's chronology in 
his Legend of Castle Gregory be correct, poor Walter Hussey had 
closed his worldly accounts and was lying in his bloody grave beside 
his last ruined castle at the above mentioned date. It may have 
been an error of the steward or clerk who seems to have entered the 
rather carelessly written abstracts of title in the Morris muniment 
book, but the dates of events at this period are difficult to ascer- 
tain, as the Irish State Papers belonging to it are just now being 
calendared and are not yet arranged in the Record Office. Bally- 
beggan Castle stood out a long siege in 1641, when Walter Hussey, 
Maurice Mac Elligott, and Elorence Mac Carthy with a strong 
party of Irish attacked it. Exham its commander must have been 
a brave man, for he not only managed to hold his own gallantly, 
but in a sally harassed the besiegers of Tralee Castle. He was 
relieved in 1643 by Colonel Story and Captain Bridges, but appears 
to have resigned his lands to Colonel Crosbie and to have left 
Kerry. When the latter Avas made prisoner at Balingarry in 1645 
he was brought to the Irish Camp before Ballybeggan, where he 
would have been murdered "if he had not" says Smith, " been 
privily carried off in the night by his sister's sons Mac Gilli- 
cudfly and Mac Elligot who were Colonels in the Irish Army." 
In the latter part of the seventeenth or beginning of the 
eighteenth century Colonel Crosbie appears to have sold or 
leased Ballybeggan to the Morrises. When Smith visited the county 
in 1756 their handsome mansion house stood near the ruined Hussey 
fortress, and the county historian notices its tine avenues of walnut 
and chestnut trees, and the grey marble " tit for ornamental works'' 
found in the neighbourhood, a table of which stood in Mr. Morris's 
house eight feet long by four broad. From his account the then 
owner of Ballybeggan was evidently an excellent and "improving'' 
landlord but all his improvements were of little avail against the pro- 

284 Appendix. 

digality of his successors. The mansion house has fallen, the stately 
trees passed long ago to the nearest timber merchant, or if any remain 
they are lo-.t amidst the flourishing young plantations of Sir James 
O'Connell Hart, who purchased the lands of Ballybeggan in the early 
part of the present century, hooking at the neat farm houses, and 
well cultivated fields, which now adorn the district one must hope 
that no more changes are in store for the old soil and that it may long 
remain with its present owners, hallymullen Ca>tle was once a 
fortress of some importance. Archdall says that the branch of the 
Geraldines to v, horn it belonged, known as the .Mac Roberts of 
Trughenackmy, descended from Nicholas, youngest son of the first 
Ear] of Desmond, (by his third wife hlinor Fitzmaurice) who is also 
said to have been the ancestor of the Mac Kenzies of Seaforth in 
Scotland. In the pedigree of the O'Connor Kerry amongst the 
Madden MSS. in Trinity College Dublin it is stated that Ellis dau 
of Thomas Fitzgerald of Bellamullen vulgo Mac Robert of Trughen- 
ackmy married the third son of the founder of Carrigafoyle the great 
grandfather of the O'Connor Kerry mentioned at p. 10}. In the 
Inquisition of 1622 on the death of Sir E. Denny and hi.-, son Arthur 
"Mac Robert's hurgage" is described as lying in or near Tralee. 
It was evidently the land around Thomas Fitzgerald's Mac Robert's 
Castle, Bellamullen is of course a Latinized version of Ballymullen. 
O'Donovan in a note to Cormac's Glossary quoted in the Kilkenny 
Archaeological Journal gives the derivation of Mullen "mot a shaft 
and ond a stone for these are the two most important things in a 
mill or nwland i.e. mo-a-ail i.e. greater its stones than those of a 
quern. Muilenu also i.e. me/ grind and lemt a stream because it is 
on the stream it grinds" {Kilkenny ArchcEologkal Journals I $49-50). 
hong before Mac Robert's ancestors had come to Ireland an ancient 
Irish water mill probably stood near the present bridge. In 1609 
Arthur Denny demised to "John Hampton his executor-; and assigns 
two torrents and a water course near Ballymolin, and the river which 
runs in and near Ballinlower." John Hampton was one of the 
"twelve free burgesses" named in the Charter of Tralee. No 
traces of his descendants are to be found in the county at present. 

(Page 114.) 

Elinor, Countess of Desmond. — Amongst the expedients 
employed by Queen Elizabeth to secure the pacification of Ireland 
was that of sending to this lady a gift from the well plenished royal 
wardrobe. The Lord Chancellor Gerard was entrusted with a gown 
of cloth of gold which he was to deliver formally to the Countess, as 
a pledge of her Majesty's affectionate regard and esteem. But 
" gracious Astnea" even where her affections and interests were most 
deeply concerned had like John Gilpin when "on pleasure bent, 

Appendix. 285 

still a frugal mind " and after the present had arrived in Dublin and 
the Lord Chancellor and the Munster Commissioners had reverentially 
inspected its majestic folds, they found that the front breadth had been 
as they described it "slobbered" in the wearing, which necessitated 
a dispatch from the latter to the Lord Deputy, brief and marked 
by that ignorance of "breadths" " biasses ' and "gores," one 
might expect to meet with in Lord Chancellors and Royal Commis- 
sioners. It is dated Coik 27th October 157S : — 

" It maie please yo r hono r that the forepartes of the Earl of Des- • 
mond's and O'Neill's wyeve's gownes maie be at once sente." 

Turlogh Lynogh O'Xeill and his spouse had also been favoured 
with second hand garments, but for a most amusing account of the 
difficulty which the Lord Deputy had in inducing the former to wear 
his share of them, including "a black taffetae hat with a bande of 
bugles" I must refer my readers to Mr. D. F. Mac Carthy's very 
interesting contributions to the Journals of the Kilkenny Archaeo- 
logical Society. The ladies were more docile, at least Mr. Mac 
Carthy says : — " in due time the robe was given and with a happy 
result for we read that the Countess of Desmond "greatly disapproved 
of herlord'sdisloyaltie," but I notam sure thatherightly estimates their 
feminine patriotism (or obstinacy) in preferring their national fashions 
for Sir Tohn Perrot wrote to Lord Burghley that having caused all 
the " Irishery to foregoe their glybbes " he had "waded into afarder 
daintier by banisheinge alle the greate rowles from the u.<earinge of 
ladies heads byivhich meanes, he adds " I am assured to haze no wyfo 
in these partes." Before the arrival of the second hand gown the 
Countess Elinor's allegiance had been more than "suspect." In 
January 156S she was at Kilmallock from whence the Munster Com- 
missioners endeavoured to draw her to Cork in order to use her 
influence with the Chiefs whom they had invited to come in and make 
submission on promise of an amnesty. On the nth she writes to 
them " that the country is in such disorder that few can trust a father, 
son or brother " and that she can scarcely " abide two days in one 
place" but is weary of " liiidging" night and day to re-train the 
turbulent clans. The Earl was at this time a prisoner in London, 
treated leniently however, but the object of his faithful lady was to 
show the English Government that there could be no peace in his 
absence. On the 13th of January the Commissioners write to her 
a^ain from Cork " marvelling that she had not yet appointed a sett 
tyme for a meeting" and they inform her that they "require a 
determined answer " as to "when she will meet them." On the 
next day they write in a desponding strain to the Lords Justices that 
" Pickering's ship had been plundered " that " Mac Sweeney is at 
large " and " Apsley [v. p. 60.) drowned ''and that it is useless to 
look for the submission of the chiefs " unless the Countess conies to 

286 Appendix. 

Cork and uses her influence." They wrote the same day to Hugh 
Lacy, Bishop of Limerick, requiring him to repair unto them and to 
persuade the Countess to accompany him which he did and the 
desired arrangement with the Chiefs was effected — fur a time — that 

(Page iiS.) 

Advices from Sir W. Drury. — The following are the advices 
referred to: — "Sir W. Drury to Walsingham. September 14th 
1 579- Doctor Saunders is still with the rebels, lie persuades the 
Larl that it was the Providence of God for his fame to take awaie 
James Fitzmorrish and that he (the Earle) will be more able to 
advance the Catholic faith. — Sept. 14th. The Larl of Desmond 
and his brothers campe within a mile of each other, meete together, 
and as some thinke with secret resort of some of the principalis and 
noe enmitie betweene their people. Some of the ca.stelis whereof 
the Larl offered soldiers to reside for this service are since raised. 
There is generall determination to rase the town of Dingell, lest 
Ormonde should possess it, and mar their staple there. I doe alle 
I can to prevent it and to surprise the town by sea." 

(Page 119.) 

Conditions proposed by Ormond. — As the enmity of Wolsey 
and Allen had ruined the Kildare Geraldines in the beginning of 
the sixteenth century, so the friendship of Saunders proved fatal to 
their Desmond cousins at its close. There can be no doubt that it 
was the Earl's refusal to deliver up Saunders and the Spaniards 
which sealed his doom. The following " Instructions from the 
Queen for Lord Gray in July 15S0" are amongst the Carew MSS. 
" And whereas our subjects of that Countrie born have, as we are in- 
formed, conceived that we have a determination as it were to roote 
them oute, with an intention to place therein our subjects borne in 
this Real me, Ave would have you to seek by all meanes you can to 
remove that false impression, wrought in them by certayne seditious 
and -ill disposed persons, that would be glad to worke a divorce 
between our subjects and us, whereas in truth we being interested 
alike in our subjects of both those realmes do carrie like affection to 
them both, unlesse through their itnnaturall and tmdutifidl dealings 
and by kaviuge intelligence with forrainc Princes as lately certayne of 
thou have had they shall gire us a just cause to the con franc. * * * * 
You are also to have especiall care to see that by oppressions or 
insolencics of said soldiers, wherever they shall be placed, our good 
subjects in that realme may not be alienated in devotion from us by 
such ill behaviour." That Elizabeth wrote thus in all sincerity there 
is no reason to doubt. Dean Mihnan and other eminently liberal and 

Appendix. 287 

candid historians have dwelt on her dislike to persecution, and her 
willingness to tolerate Roman Catholicism where it was possible for 
her to do so, as in the case of her favourite the Karl of Somerset, 
the Vavasours, Lord Howard of Effingham and other '* stiff Papists 
and good subjects " as she used to call them. .She favoured Florence 
Mac Carthy and protected him against the advice of her ministers 
and to the prejudice of Sir Valentine Brown and other undertakers. 
Even Mr. D. F. Mac Carthy Florence's biographer and admirer 
through everything, writes of the justice done to his hero by that 
''high hearted woman." and contrasts her queenly wisdom and 
generous confidence with the mean king-craft of her successor on 
this one point at all events evidently agreeing with the verdict of 
honest Andrew Marvell : — 

" Oil Tudor ! oh Tudor ! of Stuarts enough 
None ever reigned like old Bess in the ruff! " 

(Page 127.) 

Deposition of Owen Moriarty. — There is a letter in the State 
Paper Office from Ormond to Burleigh, dated 15th November 1583, 
saying that "Donell Mac Donell O'Moriarty dwelling near Castle- 
magne has slaine Desmond." He seems identical with Donell Mac 
Moriertagh of Castle Drum mentioned in the List of Men of Note 
attached to the map of Kerry in the State Paper Office. In a tract 
of the same period sent to Cecil " the Mergies" are described as "a 
populous sept " whose chief was " Constable of Mac Carthy Mor's 
castle of Pallice and foster father to the young Ladie," i.e. Lady 
Ellen Mac Carthy, Clancare's heiress. The O'Moriarties are pio- 
bably meant, as O'Donovan says they were settled near the Laune. 
They were a powerful clan before the invasion, and retained an in- 
fluential position until the death of Desmond and Clancare. The 
tradition is that Donill Mac Moriertagh and his brother came to "a 
bad end " one being hung in England and the other by the "Lord 
of Lixnawe " in Clanmaurice but their kindred and namesakes if not 
their children seem to have been in good circumstances after the 
death of Desmond, for in the Inquisition of 1622 taken upon the 
death of Sir Edward Denny and his son Arthur, we find that the 
latter "by his indenture dated 6th of November in the year of our 
Lord 1610, demised to Dermot Mac Moriertagh the town and lands 
of Derrymore and Derrykea for a term of twenty-one years, begin- 
ning after a demise made by said Arthur to Donill Oge of Castle 
Drum, under the yearly rent of ^15. " Donell Oge or little or voun rT 
Donill may have been the son of the Donill of Ormond's letter 
whose full name would have an unpleasant sound to the ears of the 
jury in 1622 many of whom doubtless secretly reverenced the Earl's 
memory. In a letter of Ormond's written a few days later than the 

288 Appendix. 

one alluded to above it is said that " Goran Mac Swineyc was the 
most constante to the rebel Earl supplying him with provisions to 
the last." O'Daly (or Dominick a Kosario as the pupil of the 
Dominicans of Tralee Abbey was called) in his Rise ami Fall of the 
Geraldines says that John .Mac Ulick and James Fitz David were 
with Desmond in Glaunagentha when he was attacked by "Kelly 
and the Moriarties his foster brothers" but that Cornelius O'Daly 
was not on the spot but at some distance in the wood keeping watch 
over the prey taken from Cahir-ni-fahye. This latter statement 
seems to he borne out by Donell O'Moriartie's deposition which 
says that the prey was not near the place where the Earl was taken. 
Churchward in his version of the Deposition says that two 
kerne were slain in the foray and he gives the Earl a third attendant 
Conogher O'Driscoll and spells the names of the others Mac Eelig 
and Deleo. O'Daly doubtless gives the correct spelling of these 
names and there can be little doubt that the John Mac Ulick was the 
owner of the Castle of O'Brenan mentioned in the schedule of the 
map dedicated to Cecil v. p. 282. In the Schedules of lands forfeited 
in 16SS the latter district is called Bally mac Ulick O'Brennan. [i.e. 
the townland or abode of the son of Ulick O'Brennan.) There is 
a letter of Ormond's in the State Paper Office in which he says he 
had ordered the Earl's body to he hung in chains at Cork but I do 
not know where Mr. Froude found his authority for stating that this 
order had been actually carried out. Archdeacon Rowan evidently 
believed that it had not. and after a careful examination (now a far 
easier task than in the Archdeacon's time when the Records were un- 
calendared) of the State Papers relating to Desmond's capture I can 
find no notice anywhere of the body having been hung in chains or 
recovered by the Government at all. Ormond's order above men- 
tioned, however, which Archdeacon Rowan does not appear to have 
seen would fully account for the "eiyht weeks' hiding" of the 
corpse which he thought Smith was mistaken in saying took place 
" as there was no reason for it." (v. p. 130. ) The soldiers as ordered 
were seeking the body to convey it to Cork and the Fitzgeralds of 
Ardnagragh were keeping it hid until the excitement of the search 
had worn off. The letter lately brought to light by the Calendar 
thus curiously comes in to confirm the truth of the Castle Island 
tradition mentioned by Smith. There is a French translation of 
O'Dalv's book by the Abbe Joubert in the British Museum Library. 
It was published at Dunkirk in 1607. ami wandered from thence 
into Kerry having been probably taken there by one of the Brigade 
on a stolen visit to his friends and relations, and conveyed back 
to France by another, for on the corner of a fly-leaf is the fol- 
lowing MS. note in half-faded characters : — "Ce livre fut donne a 
Monsieur Jean Egar par son tres chere et tres belle amie Madme. 
Elise Henesse ou Ilonehouse dans son maison en Listowell." John 
Eagar the third son of Alexander Eagar of Gortdromakiery co. 

Appendix. 289 

Kerry and His wife Elizabeth dau of O'Donoghuc of the Glens was 
an officer in the Irish Brigade. Mr. O'Callaghan in his History 
says that, — " In December 1745, the Milford, 40 guns, Captain 
Hanway commanding, took off Montrose in Scotland the Louis 

Quinze of Dunkirk with some of the Brigade on board going to 
assist Charles Ed wan 1, and amongst the officers of Clare's regiment 
thus captured was John Eagar, second Lieutenant in that Corps." 

(Page 130.) 

The Thierxa Duvii. — Thomas 10th Earl of Ormond, one of 
the handsomest men of his time, was called by the Irish Thierna 
Duvh, or the Black Lord from his dark complexion and black hair 
and beard. lie had been educated in England with Edward the 
Sixth with whom he was a great favourite. Queen Elizabeth 
created him Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, President of Munster, 
Lieutenant of the English forces in Ireland and Lord Marescall of 
England. Leicester is said to have attempted his life by poison but 
he lived until 1614, and was buried under a magnificent marble 
monument in St. Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny. Twenty years ago 
his ruined mansion house near Carrick-on-Suir was still an object of 
admiration and interest to the antiquary. The beautiful carved roof 
of the banqueting hall was in good preservation with the Tudor 
badge and the initials T. O. Thomas Ormond and E. R. Elizabeth 
Regina in its compartments. A tall mantel piece was also to be 
seen in the room with figures of Justice and Mercy carved on each 
side of it supporting a centre medallion of the Queen. The lands 
of the Butlers were amongst the first that Sir Peter Carew in 
pursuance of the scheme alluded to at p. 299, attempted to appropriate, 
but Ormond and his brothers wiser than the weak minded Earl 
Gerald, knew how to hold their own against the courtiers and at 
the same time to continue faithful to the Crown. 

(Page 136.) 

Sir ANTHONY Denny. — lie was the son of Sir Edward Denny, 
one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer in England, and the 
great-grandson of John Denny who fell in the French wars under 
Henry Y '. The Baron died in 15-0 and was buried in St. Bennett's 
(Benedict's) Church, Paul's Wharf, London. By his last will he 
directed that twenty t rentals of masses should be said for his soul 
and for the souls of his wife, hi> father and his mother. It is not 
known under what circumstances his distinguished son first became 
known at Court but it must have been early in life. He was made 
Gentleman of the Privy Chamber and Groom of the Stole and 
attended Henry in his magnificent excursion to Fiance and in all his 


igo Appendix. 

festivities and amusements r> an attached companion and most faithful 
friend. Readers of Sir Walter Scott's Manniun will remember the 
allusion to the royal favourites in the earlier and fairer portion of the 
royal life : — 

" I sing not to that simple maid 
To whom it must in terms be said 
How king and kinsmen did agree 
To bless fair Clara's constancy, 
Who cannot unless I relate 
Paint to her mind the bridal state, 
How Wolsey's voice the blessing spoke 
More, Sands, and Denny posted the joke." 

Lodge notices as a redeeming feature in Henry's character his 
capability of maintaining a steady friend-hip with such a man as Sir 
Anthony whom the noblest intellects of the age honoured and eulo- 
gised. 1 he king granted to him in 1537 the dissolved priory of 
Hertford and various other lands in that county, in 1540 great part 
of the possessions of Waltham Abbey in Essex, a grant afterwards 
increased and confirmed to his widow by I'd ward VI, and in 1541 
nearly all the demesnes of the enormously wealthy abbey of St. 
Albans including the manors and advowsons of eleven parishes. To 
these rich gifts of land situated in the mo-t highly cultivated part of 
England the king added the Wardship of Margaret, sole heiress of 
the Lord Audley, which raised his favourite's influence says Lodge 
" to a species of dominion " in Essex and Hertfordshire. In 1546 
Sir Anthony was a Privy Councillor, and joined in a commission 
with two other faithful servants of the Crown who were empowered 
to sign all state documents in the king's name during his illness. 
Burnet in his History of the Reformation says — "The king conti- 
nued in decay till the 27th of the month, and then many signs of his 
approaching end appearing, few would adventure on so unwelcome 
a tiling as to put him in mind of his end. then imminent, but Sir 
Anthony Denny had the courage and honesty to do it. and desired 
him to prepare for death and remember his former life and to call 
on God for mercy through Jesus Christ. Upon which the king ex- 
pressed his grief for the sins of his past life, yet he said he trusted 
the mercies of Christ were greater than they were. Then Denny 
moved him to call in the aid of a pious minister and the king bade 
them send for Cranmer" (History of the Reformation p. 134.) Sir 
Anthony was one of the executors appointed by Henry's will who 
were to act as guardians to his son, but unhappily for the royal child, 
so truly described by good IJishop Ridley in his touching account of 
the foundation of St. Bartholomew's Hospital and of the Blue Coat 
school, as that " innocent hearted and most godly, peerless, young 
prince'' those guardians were set aside and Somerset and his friends 

Appendix. 291 

took their place. Sir Anthony did not lone; survive his royal master 
he died at Cheshunt, not long past the prime of life, lie had mar- 
ried a lady of ancient lineage remarkable for her heauty, talents and 
piety, Joan, dan of Sir Philip Champernoun of Modlniry in Devon- 
shire, the aunt of Sir Walter Raleigh and of Gawain Champernoun 
who served with the Huguenots in the French wars of the period. 
The Raleighs and Champernouns seem to have been amongst the 
first and earliest converts to the Reformed faith, and Fox tells us in 
his Book of .Martyrs that Joan, Lady Denny, was one of the friends 
who sent secret gifts of money to the noble Anne Askew when she- 
was imprisoned in the Compter. Archdeacon Rowan gives the fol- 
lowing extract from her pitiful depositions, "Then said the Ridiop 
I might thank other and not myself for the favour 1 had found at 
his hand, for he considered, he said, that 1 had good friend- and ai-o 
that I was come of worshipful stock. Then answered one Christo- 
pher, a servant to Master Denny, "rather ought ye my Lord to have 
done it in such case for God's sake and not for man's'' * ■ " * 
Then they said that there were dyvers ladies had sent me money. I 
answered there was a man in a blue coat which delivered me ten 
shillings and said my Lady of Hertford sent it to me, and another in 
a violet coat did give me eight shillings, and said my Lady Denny 
sent it to 111c * * * * Then they did put me on the rack because 
I confessed no ladies or gentlemen to be of my opinion, and therein 
they kept me a long time, and because I lay still and did not cry, 
my Lord Chancellor and Master Rich took pains to rack me with 
their own hands, till 1 was nigh dead." 

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, who predeceased Sir Anthony 
Denny wrote the following " anticipatory epitaph " for his tomb : — 

" Death and the king did as it were contend 

Which of them two bare Denny greatest love, 

The king to show his love can far extend 

Did him advance his betters far above. 

Near place, much wealth, much honour, eke him gave 

To make it known what power great princes have. 

But when Death came with his triumphant gift 
From worldly carke he quit his wearied ghost, 
Free from the corpse, and straight to heaven it lift, 
Now deem that can who did for Denny most 
The king gave wealth but fading and unsure. 
Death brought him bliss that ever shall endure." 

In an epistle addressed to Sir Anthony by the good arid learned 
Roger Ascham there is the following passage, "Religio doctrina 

respublica, omnes curas tuas, sic occupant ut extra has tres res 
nullum tempus consumas," and amongst the Harlcian MSS. in the 

292 Appendix, 

British Museum there is an epitaph on the knight from which I 
extract a few stanzas : — 

Of erthe the erthc yt firste took shape in crthe doth lie 

His fame by witness trumpe sprede all the renlme about 

His iiouoiir envied of none, his gentleness doth trie, 

His truth unto his prince that never came in doubte, 

His wisdom meant with pleasant mirth to cheer the visage dull, 

His heart designing ever more to fraught the needefull. 

The thrifte of Mammon's pelf, with plentie ne'er contente, 
Tiie privie hidden hate — the travaile aye to mount, 
The wytes of others blissc did never him tormente, 

Of all such courtly vice he had but small account, 

He sought not his reward on low but high on vertuc's throne 

More v orthie wage than she herself, for that he judgeth none. 

To him no dcth at all, but way to better life, 

To us almost a dcth, that shall his presence wante, 

A gretc deal more than deth to servant, childeand wife, 

Whose hearte's thought nature forthe in sobbes awhile do pante, 

Yet shall in time the living joy of his deserved renown 

Their weary sprites coniforte again, and all their sorrows drowne." 

Sir John Chckc, the learned tutor of Edward the Sixth and the 
Secretary of Lady Jane Grey's short lived Privy Council, composed 
a Latin poem on Sir Anthony an extract from which will be found 
in Lodge. Cheke's eldest son was killed in the attack on Fort-del- 
Ore and in Lord Grey's famous dispatch from Smerwick, a few 
lines record " the divine confession of his faith " made by the dying 
youth, as some reparation one might say for the weakness of his 
father, who had fled to the continent during the Marian persecu- 
tion and being entrapped there by Lord Paget, and Sir John Mason, 
the Queen's Ambassadors, had renounced his religion, an act of 
which it is said he so repented that he died of shame and grief in a 
few months. ITe was closely connected with the Denny family his 
sister having married Burleigh, who<e daughter by a second marriage, 
became the wife of Edward Lord Denny. 

(Page 156.) 

Castle Gai.i.f.rus and Caifir Traxt. — "Castle Callerus at 
the head of Smerwick Bay Avas built " says Smith " by the Knights 
of Kerry and Captain Hlennerhassett tells us :. an/e p. 74] 'hat 

in his time it was occupied by a member of their family. Hut 
according to Mr. Hitchcock it was built at an early period by quite 

another branch of the Gcraklincs. lie quotes in support of this 

Appendix, • 293 

statement a petition amongst the Crosbie MSS. from Maurice Fitz- 
gerald OfGallerus to Richard Earl of Cork craving leave to alienate 
the lands on account of " his deep povertie" and the Karl's consent 
thereto dated 26th .March, 1022. Donquin and Smerwiek are 
mentioned in the certificates of lands granted to Sir \Y. Herbert and 
Sir Valentine Browne, Herford, Lacy, Stone, and others and it 
appears from the State Papers that they had some bickerings over 
them. The undertaker to whom Smerwick was finally granted must 
have sold to Lord Cork. In Nicholas White's Journal [v. ante p. 
149,) mention is made of the mansion house there belonging to the 
Knights of Kerry. The petitioner of 1622 may have been their de- 
scendant through a younger son. I remember going over the place 
when I was but twelve years old with my father, who- had Smith's 
Kerry with him, and read to us while we rested on the grassy 
mounds of the Spaniard's entrenchment the story of their defeat, and 
the historian's account of Gallerus as he saw it in 1756. Uut what 
clung to a child's memory much more tenaciously were some old 
traditions which he told us, as he had heard them from his uncle, a 
native of the barony, whose recollection extended far back into the 
last century. One of these referred to the lake which in Smith's 
time lay near the Castle and which he says was visited in winter 
by flocks of wild swans. The arrival of these birds was in some 
mysterious way supposed to be connected with the prosperity and 
life of the Fitzgeralds of Gallerus, when a certain number failed to 
appear a death or misfortune to the family was infallibly portended. 
Another story related to the death of the last Fitzgerald who lived 
in the old tower, the father or brother I believe of Mrs. Tames Con- 
way, (v. aufc- p. 63,) and of her sisters the wives of Thomas Conway 
and Peter Ferriter. He was a character of " the period : ' proud as 
Lucifer, in very reduced circumstances, which he scorned, like Pierce 
Ferriter, to improve by following the example of some of the latter's 
descendants who became "prosperous traders" -in Dingle and 
Tralee, though he did not object occasionally to aid them in running 
a smuggled cargo of Bourdeaux wine and Xantes brandv in the teeth 
of Collector Chute's myrmidons. He was also an active a' vat in 
enlisting men for the Irish brigade to which his Conway grandsons 
belonged. Spoiling the Philistine Sassenaghs thus in both ways and 
brooding over his ancestors' fallen greatness, he lived on to a great 
age. until at last his strength failed and he was for many months 
together confined to his bed. As his end drew near he lay for 
several days apparently completely unconscious of all that was 'pass- 
ing around him, and his friends thought he would pass away quietly 
as it is said the very aged often do "like a child going to sleep." 
One evening, it was in mid-winter, a violent storm common enough 
on that coast at such a season arose, and raged all through the 
night without intermission. As the morning broke, to the astonish- 
ment of the watchers round his bed, the dying man recovered strength 

294 Appendix. 

a> well as consciousness and asked to be moved close (o the window 
looking seaward, which lie insisted on having thrown wide 
open. There he sat fur some hours gazing silently out over 
the storm lashed Atlantic, covered with foam and mist flecked by 
the white winged screaming gulls (lying inland fur shelter, while the 
driving rain wet his white hair and the lightning flashed in his 
wasted face on which the awful grey shadow was fa-t descending, 
and then suddenly his lips moved, and muttering— not a farewell to 
child or friend — not a Pater or Ave staunch Papist though he was, 
but the words — " 'Tisjttst the day for a Geraldhieto ait.'." he fell hack 
dead on his pillow. Mr. Kingsley, I think it is, who considers that 
the daring of the sailors of the Elizabethan age and their privateer- 
ing expeditions were mainly due to the old Viking blood. Between 
the Northumbrian Jarl of the ninth century, who when lie felt his 
death approaching, made his attendants lash him on the deck of his 
bark and turn him adrift, alone, upon a stormy sea and this old 
Fitz Gerald of Gallerus there was well nigh a thousand years, and 
throughout all that time the Scandinavian instinct slumbered but did 
not die. In former times I had heard that the late Captain Patrick 
Fitzgerald who lived for a long time at Morrogane, on the coast of 
Praudon Pay, was a member of the Gallerus family, but lately I have 
been told that this was not the case, but that he was one of the 
Morrogane Fitzgeralds who from a very early period have been settled 
in that peninsula and held large tracts of land in the barony before 
'•the fail of Desmond. Smith says in his history that — " Edmund 
the ninth Lord Kerry in 14S5 recovered lands which had been 
granted to his ancestors by King John in the Earl of Desmond's 
palatinate of Dingle before Thomas Coppinger, Seneschal to that 
Earl" (History of Kerry p. 251.) The defendants in this case are all 
mentioned in the plea of disseisin referring to it preserved amongst 
the Gotton MSS. in the British Museum with the Seneschal's judg- 
ment. They are Richard, John, William, Nicholas and David all 
great grandsons of a Thomas de Geraldyn, who seems to be identical 
with Thomas said by good genealogists to have been the youngest son 
of John Fitz Thomas, (by his second marriage with an Iri.-h w ife, and 
the younger brother of the first White Knight, Knight of Kerry and 
Knight of Glyn. This Thomas de Geraldyn was certainly the 
ancestor of the Fitzgeralds of Ardnagragh (:: pp. 306. 307) and it 
seems extremely probable that the Morrogane and Gallerus Sept were 
descended from the Maurice Duffe and SIr.ght Edmond mentioned 
by Sir George Carew. Edmond was a favourite name with the 
Morrogane Fitzgeralds. A little enquiry amongst the Irish speaking 
peasantry of Castle Island or Murrogane would probal ly make this 
point clear for the clan names seldom the out of their memory. Not- 
withstanding the success of Lord Kerry against the intruding Fitz- 
geralds in 14S5 the old slock appear to have remained at Murrogane 
for nearly five hundred years during which time they were deprived 

Appendix. 295 

by successive confiscations of the rot of their lands. Edmond Fitz- 
geral.l ol Murrogane a Captain of Horse in the Irish army was 
killed in the wars of 1642. From him descended fohn who ///«/ 
Bridget Rice and had issue of whom presently and Fdmund who md 
Mary Ferriter of Bally-ferriter and had an only child Alice heiress 
of Murrogane who md Charles llurly second son of Denis Hurly 
aiul Anne Blennerhasselt mentioned at p. 49. Charles llurly by 
Alice Fitzgerald had with other issue a son John who md Mary dan 
of Edward Conway and Christian Rice (z: note to Forfeited Estates) 
and had a .-on John who md Anna Maria dau. of Colonel Hugh Hill 
(by Elizabeth Kirwan dau of the distinguished savant Richard 
Kirwan of Cregg Castle Co. Gal way,) and had with other Issue, 
Robert Conway of Kddulf co. Kerry who ///./Anna, dau of \Y. 
Commins of Whiteridge, Devon by Ursula Stawell and has a son 
and heir; 2, John of Fenit House near Tralee who md Augusta 
dau of Col-juhoun Grant of Kinchurdy, Morayshire, and bar, with 
other issue a son and heir. John Fitzgerald of Morrogane above 
mentioned md Bridget Rice and had with other i>sue a son Maurice 
who md Clarissa Moriarty, and had with other issue, a dau Catherine 
who md Michael Gallwey son of Patrick Galiwey of Gurteenroe 
near Bantry, and has had with other children two sons, Patrick Fitz- 
gerald Gallwey, a Captain in the Royal Artillery, Matthew Moriarty 
Gallwey, Surgeon in the same service, and a dau Anastatia Mary- 
Teresa md to Captain John Redmond Xeligan of Dingle. Legends 
grave and gay linger about Gallerus and Morrogane, Crofton Croker 
has I believe transferred one, lawfully belonging to the latter, to the 
former locality in the best of all his delightful stories. Who that 
has ever read it forgets Dick Fitzgerald's courtship and marriage with 
the mermaid and Father Fitzgibbon's conscientious objections? 
Within the present century a gentleman and his wife, persons of 
more tha 1 ordinaryintelligence and unimpeachable veracity, resolutely 
maintained that in the course of a summer evenings walk thevhad 
actually seen a mermaid, or as the Irish speaking people of the 
district have it a moruadh, (pronounced rnerrow,) sitting on the 
black rocks in Murrogane Cove, from whence at their appearance 
she leaped into the silver crested waves and like her sister of Mr. 
1 ennyson s song went down — 

" to the purple twilights under the sex" 

Prosaic people of course armed with little corapendiums of natural 
science insisted on reasoning with oar friends and with a polite com- 
passion proving to them that what they had seen was a seal, which 
wandered round "the heads" from Iveragh. the animal's faCe at a 
distance presenting a certain likeness to a human on^, but all such 
explanations they utterly refused to receive; and in so far as they 
opposed these said little compendiums, which seem inclined to leave 

2g6 Appendix* 

us nothing in earth, sea, or sky, aye in heaven itself, unexplained or 
unreasoned away, 1 must say J sincerely sympathize with them. It 
is curious that the name of the place seems to be identical with 
Murdhucha'n i.e. sea nymphs or mermaids. Cacr Train or Cahir 
Trant, a peninsula to the west of V entry harbour, derives its name 
from the old family of Teraunt or Trant which once held a high 
position in the barony. The former spelling is thai given in Nicho- 
las White's Journal and in the records of the Exchequer relating to 
Dingle in Wantage-net times. There is a tradition that Cahir Trant 
was the last ground held by the Danes in Ireland but cm the same 
authority the Trants themselves are said to descend horn a Danish 
chieftain. The almost certainty is that they are descended from 
followers of Strongbow's who settled at Dingle very soon alter the 
Invasion. They liibernicised rapidly and were denoted adherents 
of Mac Carthy Mor and the Desmond. In a letter from the former 
to Captain Thornton who required assistance in provisioning Castle 
Magne in 15S0 he says : — 

'* You shall knowe that according to commission I have protected 
one Garret Trante of Dingel alle his familie and sonne in lave and 
also Thomas Fitz-Gerrot-dujfeoi the same ii your Worship meet them 
1 requer you to be good to them and leving to trouble you further 
I am from Killhoriglon (Ivillorglin) this 29th of April 15^0, Your 
friend in anie wise Donnyl Clancakl." 

In the following September Garret Trante was the first to speed the 
intelligence to Clancare of the arrival of the Spaniards at Fort-del- 
Ore and James Trant probably his son or brother was actively en- 
gaged in negotiating between Desmond and Sir William Winter and 
seems to have done his best to induce his feudal lord to act wisely 
but in vain. Richard Trant was sovereign of Dingle in 1592 (v. 
ante p. 160) and Thomas Trant represented the borough in the la- 
mous parliament of 1613. In a List of Irish who have gone to 
Spain from different ports in Minister in 1601 O' Sullivan Bcare's son 
with one Trant of Dingle are said to have " shipped themselves" 
from Castle Haven. Mahon O'Leyne, Mac Fineen Mac Carthy and 
David Mac Shane, servant to James Archer, the Jesuit, sen ot John 
Rice of Dingle are also named in this list which was sent by Carew 
to Cecil. In 1605 Richard Rice of Dingle had a grant of the ward- 
ship of Maurice, son of James Trant, with an allowance tor his main- 
tenance at Trinity College, Dublin. In iGSii Sir Patrick Trant Bart. 
was Commissioner of Revenue and M.l\ fur the Queen's County. He 
was included in the attainders of 1691 and followed James the Se- 
cond to France from whence after a while he petitioned the Williamite 
government to be allowed to return. His petition a copy ol which 
is among the Sloane MSS. in the British Museum appears to have 
been relused but after his death (which took place about 1694) ac- 
cording to Sir Bernard Burke a remnant of his estates was left to his 

Appendix. 297 

wife Lady Helen. D' Alton however says that she and her sons 
Richard, Charles and Laurence were included in the Attainder and 
that the onlyclaimant of the family on the estatesat Chichester House 
was John apparently the baronet's grandson whose petition was dis- 
missed fur nun prosecution. He adds that after James 11 had (led 
from Dublin Castle three unsigned patents were found there, for the 
raising uf Sir Patrick Trant, Sir Stephen Rice, and Mr. Grace to the 
peerage. Amongst the Treasury Papers for 1697 there is mention of 
a Maurice Trant, "a notorious Irish rebel," whom a Mr. Baker ac- 
cused of smuggling at Folkestone was said to have concealed in his 
house. He cleared himself however (probably of both charges) by 
arresting and delivering up Trant to the authorities. Sir 1'atrick 
Train's brother md the dau of Sir Richard Steele and had a dau 
md to the Larl of Cavan. General Henry Dillon brother of 
Count Arthur Dillon who perished in the French Revolution 
md Frances dau of Dominick Trant and had with other issue a 
dau md to his Serene Highness, Philippe, Due de Cruy Duhnen. 
In 1730 Sir Richard Fitzgerald, Bart, of Castle Ishen, the lineal 
descendant of Maurice Duffe Mac an Farla mentioned at p. 102 
md Joanna dau and heiress of James Trant of Dingle. Notwith- 
standing the confiscations of 1584, 1641 and 16S8 and the exile of 
many of the family the old stock had male representatives in Dingle 
holding some remnant of property during the earlier part of the pre- 
sent' century. The last was Thomas Trant, who md Marianne dau 
of Pierce Chute of O'Brenane and left sons, who emigrated to Ame- 
rica. The two sisters of this gentleman were Mary, who md 
Colonel Edward Day of the Indian army, (uncle of the present Right 
Rev. Bishop of Cashel and of the Very Rev. John Godfrey Day, 
Dean of Ardfert,) by whom she had two sons both officers in the 
army, one of whom was killed in his twentieth year serving under 
Lord Gough and a dau Sarah md first Captain Francis Spring (men- 
tioned at p. 316) 24th regt, killed in action against the mutineers in 
1S57 and 2dly Hamilton Jones of Moneyglass House D L. co. 
Antrim. The second sister ot Thomas Trant md Captain Richmond 
and had, with other children, a son Major Henry Richmond of Green- 
wich Iluspital. The great grandfather of Thomas Trant was father 
of Dominick Trant of Dunkettle co. Cork (Arthur Young notices the 
beautiful mansion house and demesne of Dunkettle in his Tour 
through Ireland, 1760,) who md Llinor Fitzgibbon sister of the first 
Earl of Clare and hail a son John Frederick Trant of Dovea, Thurles, 
who by Caroline niece of the Rt. Hon. Sir A. B. Brooke Bart, 
had (with a dau md to James Hans Hamilton of Abbotstown co. 
Dublin formerly M.P. for that county) a son and heir John Trant 
J. P. and D.L. the present Proprietor of Dovea. 

298 Appcndi. 

(Page 164.) 

The Name of Dingle.— I am indebted to a gentleman whom 
Kerry ls proud to claim as her son Mr. \V. M. llcncssy of the 
Public Record, Dublin, the accomplished translator of the 
Annals of Lough Ce in the Rolls Publications for the following note 
on the name of Dingle:—" In the patent of Elizabeth establishing 
the corporation of the town the name is written Dingle-i-cushe, the 
last word being a dissyllable supports the Hussey derivation. 1 'have 
also seen it written Dingle I Cushy which i> stronger still. I have 
often thought however that the name signified ' the fastness of the 
harbour " daingeu-ua-cuaise," from cttas a cove or sheltered harbour 
but the long sound of the "i" convinces me that it is the genitive 
form of «• O." ' " .Mr. Henessy adds : " I l^e no doubt that the Irish 
name OHosey (O'Aoedhusa) has sometimes been Anglicised into 
Hussey. This Irish tribe was located in Fermanagh where its 
chiefs were bards to the Maguires. We have no reason to believe 
that they ever migrated into the far south-wet. Sir George Carew, 
(r. note to p. 85) the best possible authority on such a point. cla»es 
" Hussey of Castle-Gregory, chief of his name/' with the men of 
note of English descent in Kerry. In the maps among the Carew 
MSS. at Lambeth the Magharees are marked "Hussies Islands." 
In one of the maps in the Record Office St. Brandon's Bay is set 
down as " Saint Gregorie's Sound ,r (!) a clear case of papal usurpa- 
tion which the most devout Roman Catholic in the half barony could 
not possibly sanction or approve. 

(Page 170.) 

Assignments of Forfeited Lands.— To illustrate the mode of 
dealing with those lands two ca-^es in particular may be here men- 
tioned. In all the old maps of Kerry amongst the Carew MSS. as 
well as in the earlier one of Ortelius in the British Museum, the 
Mac Gillycuddy's country is conspicuously marked and in a 'tract 
drawn up for the information of Burleigh, giving an account of the 
tributaries of the Mac Carthy Mor in Minister, it is said that the 
eighth country is— " that of the Mac Gillacuddye. It conteyneth 
fortye plowlands. He [i.e. Mac Carthy Mor) claymeth there the 
Riseinge out [i.e. assistance in war), the gevmge of the Rodde [i.e. 
the investiture of the chief by presenting him with a white wand) 
the findinge of thirty galloglasse and to the value of thirty v,y.:n<\ a 
year in spendinge." The other tributaries of Kerry and Desmond were 
the O'SuIlivans.Mor and Ik-are. O'Donoghue Mor, the Lord of Cols 
Leamnha. O'Donoghue (dan, Clan Lawras and Mac Fineen. Donald 
Geraldagh Mac Gillacuddye of Bodismeneen was kiiied in rebellion 
with Desmond and his estates forfeited. Queen Elizabeth by Letters 

Appendix. 299 

Patent Sth June 1505, granted them to Eclmond Barrett of Firies who 
on the next Jay conveyed them Indeed to Edmond Hussey of Ballin- 
gown, who in less than three years conveyed fifteen plowlands of the 
same to Donogh .Mac Dermody alias Mac Gillaen Uye of Bodismeneen. 

The Rev. Dr. Brady in hi-, preface to the -Mac Gillacuddy 1'apers 
observes — " It is curious that several of the denominations in llus- 

sey's conveyance to Donogh -Mac Dermuddy alias .Mac Gillacuddy _of 
Bodismeneen are named in a list of lands held in tanistry by Dcrmot 

Buie, Daniel and Conogher (J'Sullivan, sons of Daniel U'Sullivan 
M or deceased and surrendered by them to James I, who on Sep- 
tember 27th 1603 accepted them in order to regrant them to the 
same parties." In less than >ix months, however, we find that the 
king made a new grant to Lord Bourke of the "Castell town and 
lands of Bodismeneen and other lands, parcel Ls of the estate of 
Donogh Mac Dcrmot U'Sullivan, alias Mac Gillacuddye, slain in 
rebellion." On the loth December 1614 Sir Charles Wilmol 
had a patent for the same lands, which he on the following 
day conveyed to Morrish Crosbie ("of Clonmoney " according 
to Dr. Brady's reading of the MS. original, "of Clanmaurice, ' 
according to my father's copy of it made in 1836,) who in three 
years conveyed them to Conogher Mac Gillacuddy for the sum of 
,£200 paid him by said Conogher. The surrender of the lands by 
the sons of O'Suilivan Mor was probably a mere ruse or shilt to 
shield their kinsmen (the sons or grandsons of the dead rebel of 
15S4) who remained says Dr. Brady, "apparently all this time in 
occupation of the lands " which were being conveyed on paper 
from one person to another. Edward Hussey was probably as 
faithful (in heart) to the Geraldine as Donald Geraltagh himself, 
while Morrish Crosbie was either the brother or the nephew of 
Bishop John, whose dau was the wife of Conogher Mac Gillacuddy. 
Under tho.-.e favourable auspices the son of the servant of Saint 
Mochuda {i.e. Mac Gilla Mochuda corrupted into Mac Gillicuddye) 
re-entered upon his own, and the result was more satisfactory than 
might have been expected, for this branch of the U'Sullivans gene- 
rally in after times continued faithful to the Crown. The above 
mentioned Edmond Barrett is said to have been a native of Mayo 
where a family of that name had certainly settled at a very early 
period. It is possible that he may have been an irishman willing 
from honourable or mercenary motives to serve the government, but 
it is just as likely that he was a native of England and a minor in- 
strument in the great design, which Mr. Froude ami other good 
authorities believe the adventurers to have entertained, from the 
first, with Cecil's know ledge if not approval, of rooting out the 
Burkes, Geraldines, Butlers &c. and replanting the land with Eng- 
lishmen, some of them claiming to descend from the grandsons and 
great grandsons of Anglo Irish who had been dispossessed in the 
fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. However this may be, we lind 

300 Appendix. 

Elizabeth writing in 15S9 to the Lord Deputy and the Chancellor 
directing that a lease should be made to Barrett of some concealed 
lands " discovered " by him. In the next year the Queen wrote again 

to the Deputy on the subject of the "humble suit a which bad been 
made to her on behalf of Barrett and his father that their surrender 
of estates in Mayo might be accepted and a new grant might be 
made them, in recompense of their loyalty and good services in 
*' the late stirres." Sir Richard Bingham was directed to enquire 
into the origin and validity of Barrett's title. On the 9th of 
March 1593, an Inquisition was held at Clonagahala (?) in Mayo 
and it was proved (at least to Bingham's satisfaction) by the testi- 
mony of "the inhabitants of Erris," that the whole barony was the 
lawful inheritance of Lclmond Barrett, which had been usurped by 
Burke and others slain in rebellion. One might have supposed that 
the restitution of a whole barony his "lawful inheritance" would 
have satisfied the aspiring Edmond Barrett, but this was far from 
being the case, for in 1595— the same year in which'he— being 
already possessed of Firies in Kerry— obtained also a grant of 
Bodismeneen &c. letters patent were passed putting him in posses- 
sion of Ballyloughrane, in north Kerry, the estate of Maurice J-itz- 
geraldOge Stack attainted in the third year of Philip and Mary. In 
I596_ Edmond Barrett obtained further grants in Kerry, subject to 
certain services and conditions, amongst others not' to use the 
Brehon law or to wear or suffer any of his household to wear Iri-h 
apparel. Whether because he failed to fulfil those conditions or 
whether, as seems probable, the man was like Heniy Fernihy in 
16SS [v. p. 206,) merely a "nominal person " sent here and there to 
traflic in forfeitures for the benefit of the English officials, it is not 
easy to ascertain but in 1596-7 we find him bv conveyance dated 
January 14th granting to Sir Henry Wallop, Treasurer,' Sir A. St. 
Leger and Sir Geoffrey Fenton, Chief Secretary, all the lands which 
in the preceding year had been granted to him in North Kerry, 
Maurice Stack and Robert Stack being his attorneys to deliver pos- 
session. On the 1st of March following the above date a deed was 
executed whereby Patrick Fitzmaurice, Baron of Lixnawe, Thomas 
hi, son and heir, Sir Henry Wallop and the two other officials before 
mentioned " feoftees of Edward Barrett " granted and conveyed to 
" Maurice Gargeagh Stacke " of Ballylcughrane the lands of Bally- 
loiighratie aghtir and oughter and divers others, all in the county of 
Kerry granted to said Barrett by Patent y) Elizabeth. On the same 
day 1- nomas, son and heir of the Baron of Lixnawe, passed a bond 
to Maurice Stack of Ballyloughrane binding himself* in the sum of 
/.300. On the 10th of March 1507, Thomas Fitzmaurice appeared 
before the Master of the Rolls in Chancery and producing the above 
deed prayed that it might be enrolled, and on the 1st of April fol- 
lowing Maurice Stack appeared before thj Master and prayed that 
the deeds conveying the lands to him might be broiled. ' On the 

Appendix. 301 

26th of November 159S, Donald Mac Cartie, Mac Doncll Mac 
Cartie, Maurice Stack of Bally loughrane and Thomas his brother 
had Patents of Pardon passed in their favour. In "the Opinion of 
the Gentlemen of Munstei " before quoted (v. p. 170^ amongst the 
Carew MSS. there are the following passages: " Nacions'chiefly 
noted as procurer- of mischief and evil disposed persons in the pro- 
vince, the Mac Sybil.-, Mac Swynes, and the Learies. In Kerrie and 
Desmond the Clantey Mac Gagh (?. and the Stacks, savinge Morrice 
Stack and his brothers • * * * Meete Instruments to be employed in 
Kerrie that may be trusted, Morrice Stack and his brother, John' Rice, 
Donell Paries (Ferris?) and Richard Rice." Maurice "Stack was 
murdered in Beale Castle in 1600. it is said by Lady Kerry's order, 
and his brother Thomas was hung by order of her husband' the next 
day. The brothers were, it is likely, relatives of the old proprietor of 
BalIyloughrane,\vho forfeited in Mary's reign, and it is certain that he 
held as a subfeudatory of the Fitzmaurices who looked upon his suc- 
cessors as their vassals. Knowing from Carew's own letters the utterly 
unscrupulous way in which he employed his " meete instruments " as 
secret poisoners and assassins, it is not impossible that Lord Kerry 
at least had some justification for his severity in the case of Thomas 
Stack. In Carew's letter recommending a pardon for some of the 
rebels he excepts "Thomas Fitzmorris the pretended Paron of Lix- 
nawe. Edmund Pdtz Thomas called the Knight of the Valley and 
Piers Lacy of the BrurTe" as "children of perdition" whom he 
has refused to accept "on any conditions." Yet Lord Kerry had 
offered not long before to submit to the English government, but being 
required by Carew to perform some act of "signal service " in addb' 
tion, he refused because he said it stood not with his conscience so to 
do. The kind of " signal service " which Carew expected his instru- 
ments to perform may be inferred from the following passage in his 
letters to the Privy Council writing of the Sugan Earl, " I have 
made the best means I may to have a draught put upon him but such 
is the superstitious folly of this people [i.e. the Irish) as for no price 
that may be had, holding the same to be so henious as no priest will 
give them absolution. My hope is that some of the voung Earl's 
follower- will venture their consciences on this point." Their foreign 
allies had not it seemed been able to reconcile the " children of pei- 
dition " above mentioned and their kindly matured followers of the 
"meere Irish " to the draughts and potions of Medici and Borgia. 
To be the "meete instrument" of Sir George Carew and Robert 
Cecil was no desirable position for an honourable man but Ave must 
hope that Maurice Stack was more scrupulous than his masters. 
That he was a brave and able soldier there can be no doubt. He 
left an only child and heiress who married Bryan Crosby, probably 
a son or nephew of the Bi>hop of Ardfert and' on 15th June 1610, 
she and her husband and her uncle and guardian before mentioned 
Walter Talbot in consideration of £;S demised the lands of Pally- 

302 Appendix. 

longhrane to Samuel Raymond for four score and eighteen years. In 
May 1622, Walter Talbot, Bryan Crosbie, of Gortneskiagh and 

Joan Stack otherwise Crosbie his wife, conveyed the lands of Kil- 
molnne to Samuel Raymond, who in 1617 was appointed CoMector 
of Customs for Limerick, Dingle and Kinsale. He acquired by 
purchase a considerable property in Kerry, which had a narrow 
escape of confiscation in 1650. His eldest son married but died s p. 
as appears from an "Answer of Colonel David Crosbie deft, to the 
Bill of Complaint of Elizalieth Raymond, wife unto Samuel Ray- 
mond deceased, and Elizabeth, wife unto Samuel Raymond the 
younger deceased, complaining of the taking away of cattle from the 
lands of Tullaghna in 1641 by one Richard Cantillon of Ballyhiguc, 
aided and abetted by David Crosbie the kinsman of said Cantillon." 
The second son, Anthony Raymond was absent from Kern - when 
the survey of forfeited lands after 1649 was made, and in 1057 he 
presented his petition to the Court of Claims stating that while he 
was away " in remote parts" his property had been surveyed and 
disposed of to Lieutenant John Wybrough. The Court having 
enquired into the case restored the lands to Anthony Raymond. He 
married the daughter of Captain Philip Taylor with whom he 
acquired the lands of Caherguillamore in Limerick, which lands he 
afterwards sold to William Weekes of Glenogry (<:-. p. 304' Lieutenant 
Wybrough's son or brother sold to Anthony Raymond the lands of 
Ballyconry which the latter afterwards sold to John Dynahane. 
Anthony Raymond also sold the lands of Ballymackeene to Charles 
Oliver, and died at Mitchelstown in the county Cork in 169S, when 
he was interred in the old burial ground near the Castle. His 
fourth son was the Rev. Anthony Raymond F.T.C.D. Vicar of 
Trim, the intimate friend of Dean Swift who frequently mentions 
him in his correspondence with Stella. Edward, the se.ond son of 
Anthony Raymond and Elizabeth Taylor, md Mary dau of William 
Weekes and had with other children a daaimd to * * * * Holmes who 
by her had a dau md to Colonel Phair. James Raymond, sixth son of 
Anthony and Elizabeth, was ancestor of the Riversdale and Dromin 
branches of this highly respected family, the elder line of which is 
now represented 1 believe by George Raymond B. L. of Kilmurry 
County Kerry and Great George's Street. Dublin. Ballyloughrane 
is now the property of .Mr. Dominick Rice whose direct or collateral 
ancestors had estates in the barony of Clanmaurice before 1 64 1. 

(Page 171.) 

Thomas W'ELSTEAD. — The following entry appears in the 
Abstract of Grants under the Acts of Settlement and Explanation 
published by the Record Commission of 1821 — 25: — "Thomas 
Welstead and Mary his wife, Lands of Castle Gregory, Glauntene- 

Appendix. 303 

assig, Martromane, Ballygarrett, Tonakilla, Cuilteenbane, total 1,39s 
plantation acres : patent inrollcd 15th July, 1679, to him and to his 
heirs forever, saving rights of Frances Lacy, alias Ilussey, widow 
(by decree of Court of Claims for restoring innocent Papists) to the 
land.-, of Castle Gregory, Marlromane and Glaunteneassig. " Thomas 
Welstead who is described as a soldier also obtained a large grant of 
lands in Cork. lie appears to have sold his estates around Castle 
Gregory to Anthony Shortcliffe, whose descendant sold or bequeathed 
them to his brother-in-law John Rowan, whose son or grandson sold 
to the grandfather of the present owner the Rt. Honourable Lord 
Ventry. Amongst the Kgerton MSS. in the British Museum, there 
is a volume in which the Claims of Innocent Rapists before the 
Court from day to day are carefully registered, and in these lists 
" Frances Ilussey, alias Magrath, alias Lacy, ' : is set down as claim- 
ing and obtaining 531 acres in Limerick, probably in right of her 
second and third husbands, the latter seems to have escaped Captain 
Blennerhassett's notice, (r. a)//c-p. 76,) and at the same time Ka- 
therine Ilussey another " innocent " lady Rapist obtained 955 acres 
in Kerry. She was probably the Katherine mentioned at p. 75, as 
the wife of her cousin Oliver Hussey of Rha. Lor a notice of the 
other Cromwellian Grantees, v. note to List of Forfeited Lstates. 

(Page 1S1.) 

Daughters of the Knight of Kerry. — Although they are 
generally spoken of in Kerry as the " nine Geraldines" Sir Bernard 
Rurke says there were ten of those ladies, through whom several 
Kerry families claim descent from the first conquerors of Ireland those 
knights whose " stalworthiness and valour" as the old Chroniclers 
quaintly say "should never went oute of minde. " The daus of 
Maurice Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry and Elizabeth dau of Sir .Mau- 
rice Crosbie were. I Jane md to George Herbert of Castle Island, 
2 Honora to Richd Meredith of Dicksgrove. 3 Bridget first md to 
Thomas and 2dly to Stephen Creagh. 4 Anne md John Stack. 
5 Elizabeth died unmd. 6 Lucy md the Rev. John Day. 7 Mar- 
garet md John Ilewson. S Marian md Wm Meredith. 9 Mary 
md 1st Robert Collis and 2dly Thomas Rice and 10 Barbara md 
Bnstable Herbert of Castle Island, 1 1 Elinor md * * * * Griffin. 

(Page 182.) 

Lough Gur and Glen Fogradh. — Lough Gur is four miles 
in circumference r.n 1 has in it three islands on one of which stood 
two caslles strongholds of Desmond. The peasantry of the neigh- 
bourhood believe that the rebel Karl is not really dead but detained 
by magic in the depths of this lake. Once in every seven years the 

304 Appendix 

legends say he rises at midnight and rides round it on a snow-white 
charger with silver shoes. . When these latter are worn out the spell 
that binds him will be broken and Ireland (of course) will be free ! 
According to Lenihan's History of Limerick a Mr. liaylcy, the de- 
• scendant of a family mentioned by Captain John Blennerhassett (:-. 
<? nte p. 40,) who held a good estate in the district in modern times 
attempted to improve it (in the agricultural sesise that is) by draining 
the lake, but while the work was in progress he was thrown from his 
horse and killed and the plan was abandoned. The superstitious of 
course attributed his death to the vengeance of the Desmond. Glen 
Fogradh or the (den of Proclamation corrupted as I have said into 
Glenogry, was granted to Sir George Bourchier who leased a great 
part of it to Alexander Fitton. After the restoration Glenogry or 
some portion of it passed into the possession of the Weekes family 
before mentioned who intermarried about that time with the Ray- 
monds of Ballyloughrane. Blanche Weeke> obtained a large grant 
of lands under the Acts of Settlement and Explanation. Fitzgerald 
in his Hist, of Limerick (ed. 1825) notices " Brickfield the old 
mansion of the Weekes family near Ballingaddy in the barony of 
Coshlea.'' Mr. Croker says that Glen Fogradh obtained its name 
from a proclamation against Desmond having been made there, but 
it seems an unlikely place for the English to select for such a cere- 
mony and I am inclined to think that the Iri>h name was rather the 
result of a proclamation made by the Earl himself, whose proceed- 
ings at Glen Fogradh are graphically described by one of the most 
watchful agents of the English government in the followin"- letter 
which is preserved in the State Paper Office and has never I believe 
been "printed before. It is endorsed "Justice Walshe's letter to the 
Lo. Deputie 5 of Decemb. 1573," — 

" My dutie remembred I have declared unto Mr. Deane of Christe 
Churche and the Queen's sollicitor Mr. Bath of the progresse that 
the Erie of Desmonde hath taken which they promised to certifie 
yo r Lord.diipp. He hath beeize mett at Knockdalton with 400 kerne 
and shott of the Mores * Thence he tooke his iorney, beinge in 
Englyshe apparell, with a yeoman named Morish O'Shieghan in like 
arav, and two Irishe horsemen throughe the Countie of Tipperarie 
and passed through James Tobin's and the olde Ladie of Dunboine's 
townes and came to the Countesse to Bealandrohid on Thursdaie last, 
his horses were tyred and there had he ix. freshe hackney e> delyvered 
unto him. Thence went he and the Counte>>e toward Lough Gwir 
where a nombre o\ the freeholders of the countye of Lymerike met 
him : he and his wyfe put on Iridic raymente, and made a procla- 
macon that no Cesser nor Conistable nor Sheriff should ever exercise 
the) 're office in his contnye. On Saturday last Edmond Fitz Davie to 
whose keeping Captain Bourchier did delyver the Castle <>f the Glan 
since my Lo: President's departure did take Castieton in Kenrie. On 

* The words in italics arc underscored n the original. 

Appendix. 305 

Mondaie night which was a daic before I could come to the Countie 
of Corcke (for waters) was Ballymartir taken, by the Seneschall of 
Imokilly and Kcrrye Mac Gragh with onlie half an hour's assaulte. 
Meyn, a cattle of Sir Thomas of Desmond, was on Thursdaie 

assaulted by James Fit/anorrice and it is reported that Castle is taken 
ami he wounded in the leg and dyvers other Castles are taken in the 
county Lymericke. What protestation soever the Erie doe make 
of his loyaltie these things cannot come of good intencon for there 
is none that hath attempted anie thing but he that is wholly ruled by 
the Erie and who durst not attempt anie such thing before his coming. 
He will dallye out the matter if fayre speeches betaken. And yet 
I wot not what maie be called a seeking to disinherit her Ma tie more 
than this if yo r Lordship do not make a present jorney hither moist 
Castles that they covet will be taken and dyvers broken. 1 have sent 
to Castlemayne to warne them to stand to their garde and muste with 
as moche ha~,te as maie be help to warde dyvers Castells in this 
Countie. And thus wishinge a goode and speedie end to these 
trobles I take my leve. Att Castellyehan this xxiiid day of Novembre 
1573. Yo r Lordshipp's to commande, 

Nicholas "Walshe." 
As the Austrian Duke's forewarning to Prince John " The 
Devil is unchained ! " came the news contained in the above 
letter to the Queen and Council. After a long captivity in 
England the Earl in 1570 had made an humble submission to her 
Majesty "laying his estate at her feet " upon which he was allowed 
to depart for Dublin where he was to remain in the custody of the 
Mayor who had orders to use him well and report as to the perma- 
nency of his loyal dispositions. But in 1573 Christopher Fagan was 
appointed Mayor and he informed the government that he would not 
act as the Earl's jailor although he would willingly supply him with 
food and lodging. Soon after Desmond, whose professions of loyalty 
had won upon the Lord Deputy so far that he was allowed to go out 
with a hunting party on his parole, slipped the leashes and made for 
the Palatinate in that triumphant royal progress described by Chief 
Justice Walshe. lie was at once proclaimed a traitor and a reward 
of a thousand pounds with forty pounds annual pension promised to 
any one who should bring him in alive, or half that sum and stipend 
to him who should bring in his head, lie did not linger long in 
Glen Fogradh but moved on to his sweet " Castle of the Island of 
Kerne," where we may be sure he was received with a still warmer 
greeting than that which had awaited him amongst the O'Mores of 

(Page 1S3.) 

Ferriter's Islands. — The Ferriters or Le Fureters as the name 
was spelt in Plantagenet times, seem to have settled in and around 


306 Appendix. 

Dingle soon after the Invasion. The tribute which they were 
bound to pay their liege lord was a valuable one fur Irish hawks 
were highly esteemed in the days when hawking was as fashionable 
a sport as pigeon-shouting appears to be at present. 1 he chief 
stronghold of the family stood on one rucky promontories to 
the west uf Dingle which shuut into the Atlantic ami command on 
a summer evening a glorious view of its heaving waves into winch 
the sun seems to sink and of the lofty mountains of Brandon, Carran 
Tual and Iveragh. Pierce Ferriter the author of the Caoinc must 
have been a man of considerable intelligence and ability. Honora 
Lady Kerry wrote to him in 1641 a letter still preserved amongst 
the Denny papers earnestly dissuading him from juining the insur- 
gents but this kindly missive was intercepted and never reached 
Ferriter whu as one of the chief leaders of the besiegers of 
Tralee Castle was hung by order of Brigadier Nelson in 1653, and 
his lands forfeited. In the last century some of his descendants 
migrated to Cork and Clonmell and improved their shattered fortunes 
by the mercantile pursuits he so despised returning to their native 
county to ally themselves with influential families. The last direct 
descendants in the female line of Fierce Ferriter in Kerry were the 
late Mrs. G. Milliard and her sister Miss Giles, but his collateral 
descendants are still numerous in the county and his direct ones in 
the male line are probably still to be fuund amungst the worthy 
tenant fanners of Corcaguiny. 

(Page 187.) 

John Oge Constable of the Island [v. note). — There is 
indisputable proof amongst the Carew MSS. at Lambeth that this 
John Oge was not, as the Calendar suggests, Desmond's uncle. Th£ 
pedigree of the Fitzgerakls of Ardnagragh is there given in Carew's 
writing and of the correctness of its entries concerning the family 
from 1500 to 1620 there can be no question. They are as follows : 
" David Fitzgerald of Ardnagragh md and had' three sons. I. 
* * * * Fitzgerald Kilcostenye (Kilcushna). 2. Thomas of 
Ardnagragh. 3*. Thomas (? attainted. The second son Thumas 
uf Ardnagragh md, and had, with two daus Margaret wife of 
Thomas O'Daly of the Brosnaghe in the Mountains of Slieve 
Louchra and Catherine wife uf O Mahuny of Desmond, a son John 
Oge who was Constable of the Island to the last Farle of Desmond. 
One of his [i.e. John Oge's) daughter md Mc. Swineye, and another 
mcl 1st Thomas Lacyewho fledd into Spayneand 2dly O'Moriertagh 
the sonne of the 1'ryur uf Kill.ighie and 3d [ly one of the McSwineyes. 
Another dau of John Oge md 1 kmell Mac Owen uf Muskerry. I lis 
sons were Maurice md to * « * * Mc Swineye and James of Ually 
Mac Adam'' (Carew MSS. codex 635.) The Thomas Fitzgerald 

Appendix. 307 

mentioned as attainted l *md r.-t " says Carew "the dau of Mac Owen 
Mac Carthy of the Duffe in Muskerry, by whom he had a dau ///./ 
to Maurice, brother to William Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry, and 
adly Ellen O'JLeary of Muskerry the widow of Goran Mac Svvineye. 
The Septs of Maurice Duffe Fitzgerald and Slught Edmond Fitz- 
gerald, according to Carew, were brandies of the Ardnagragh tree 
and the probability is strong that they were the old settlers at 
Callerus and Morrogane. The Seneschals of Imokillv and the 
Fitzgerald^ of Cloyne descended from the Knights of Kerry who 
obtained Imokilly by the marriage of the first knight with "the 
daughter of the Lord Coursic." In the Carew MSS. there is an 
account of the rebel Earl's rents in Kerry which says: — "The 
bloodshedde of the Countie of Kerye is ilwc to the Manour of the 
Island together with the rent of Kiliarcon and the Rimer's lands for 
candle light to the said manour allowed, the lands held by the 
Earl's Rimers in the Mountain of Slieve Lougher named the 
Brosnaghe and by the Rimers of Templay Egleantine and Bally- 
roho. " (?) In the same document it is mentioned that the " Rimers 
of Brosnaghe are bound to entertain the Earl when he goes from 
Kerrie to Connilloe." The " sweetest Castle of the Island " was 
rather a bone of contention amongst the Undertakers after Desmond's 
fall. Mr. Ralph Lane the same mentioned in Conway's letter 
(p. 274) petitioned on March 12th 15S4 that he might be granted 
the house and demesnes of the Island and also the castle and town 
of Tralee with an allowance of thirty hor?e and foot, to guard, ac- 
cording to his own account, " Kerrie Clanmorishe and Desmond," 
but it is probable that they might have been rather designed as a 
guard for his coveted castles, which after all proved castles in the 
air, for he does not appear to have received anything in the county. 
It was not for want of asking however, for on two other occasions in 
the same year we find him petitioning first for the " Colonelship" of 
"Kerrye Clanmorishe and Desmond,' and secondly the "Captainship 
of Kerrye," which at least shows that if he was covetous of rewards 
he did not shrink from dangers. He was High Sheriff of Kerry in 
15S5 and when the year of his shrievalty closed he appears to have 
left our county probably finding his post of " Captain of the Clan- 
morrishe" too much for him. On August 25th 1600, Carew writes 
to the Privy Council that the " Islamic of Kerrye the auncientest and 
chiefest house of the Erie of Desmond, and late belonging to Sir 
William Harbert as an undertaker, as well as almost all the castles 
in those places, are razed to the ground a sure token of their re- 
solved constancies in rebellion." The castle of the Island was I 
believe partially rebuilt in the seventeenth century but again fell 
into ruin. According to a paragraph in the Kerry Evening Post of 
March 31st 1S60 the crumbling walls of the old pile were levelled to 
the ground by a great storm which took place a few nights previous 
to that date. 

3o8 Appendix. 

(Page 1S7.) 

The Earl of Desmond's Piter. — A reference to this official 
was an infallible receipt for producing quiet in Kerry nurseries on 
winter evenings some forty years ago. When the wind whistled 
round the house old nurses used to say "Whisht! Listen to the 
Earl of Desmond's Piper!" and the must refractory subject became 
still as a mouse or as an undertaker in the days when Gcrrot ua 
Sceaidlie* was yet on earth. Those who like enquiring into the 
resemblances and connection between the legends and lulk lore of 
different countries may care to hear that according to a writer in 
Notes and Queries the peasantry in certain of the eastern counties of 
England call the same wild and eerie music of the winter night's 
.wind "the Danish Boy's whistle." 

(Page 191.) 

Castlemagne. — In the foregoing brief sketch of Castle Magne I 

followed Archdeacon Rowan's account of it given in the Kerry 

Magazine (vol. i. p. 116,) but I have since found in the State Paper 

Office with the help of the Calendars so admirably arranged by Mr. 

Hamilton) documents relating to the Ward and its constables which 

escaped the Archdeacon's notice and also a curious plan or picture of 

its siege in 1572, rivalling in Chinesedike fidelity of detail and 

perspective, the plan of the Siege of Fort-del-Ore which he had 

copied for the same Magazine. The first Constable according to the 

indisputable evidence of the documents in the S. P. Office was not 

Andrew Martyn but John Herbert whose connection (if any) with 

the undertaker of 15S0 I have not been able to ascertain. In July 

1 57 1 the Lord President of Minister writes to the Lords Justices in 

Dublin that it is necessary to take Castle Magne then in the hands of 

James Fitzmaurice and the Larl of Claneare. A letter from Fitz- 

william ten days later to Burghley says that the Castle is left untaken 

from want of ammunition. In the same month in the following year 

Fitzwilliam writes to Burghley saying that Sir John Perrot has been 

before Castle Magne since the beginning of June and writing again 

on August 15th he complains that he cannot get an answer from the 

President who is still besieging the place. The plan in the S. P. 

Office was probably taken at this time, it represents the old fortress 

on the bridge ; in a field before it are two large cannon, volumes of 

smoke issuing from their mouths, behind them is a large circle marked 

"the Lo : Presydent's Campe " fianked by two smaller ones entitled 

"Galloglass Campes" a bog lies to the south with another circle 

near it "the first campe" and on a bog towards the north are the 

* :'.<•.," Gerr.ild of the Excursions or Preys," the Irish name for the sixteenth 
Earl whose half brother was styled " Sr.amus a thiol" i.e. James of the Musters. 

Appendix. 309 

words "here the Ordnance cam over." Close by stands the Abbey 
of Killagh not yet ruined, but between it and the President's camp 
ominously stands a tall gallows ! On the other side of the river is 
Mac Carthy Mor's Camp backed by woods and bogs. After a stout 
resistance the garrison yielded and Perrot writes from Cork Nov. 4th 
1572 informing Burleigh he has made "John Herbert, Constable of 
Castle Magne." He appears to have held his office in comparative 
security for about a year until that eventful day already alluded to 
[v. p. 305) when Desmond rode forth from Christopher Pagan's 
hospitable mansion on the hunting party from which he was never to 
return. Like the whistle of Roderick Dhu the words spoken in 
Glen Fogradh had not only 

" Garrisoned the glen 
At once with full five hundred men " 

but had spread like wild fire throughout the province and ever)- glen 
in Minister was swarming with eager clansmen waiting only the signal 
from Gerrot na Sccaidhe to win back for him his lost castles. Vain 
were all poor Nicholas Walshe's warnings to the ' Warde of Castle 
Magne to stande upon their guard " the Warder was absent — had foes 
in his own household —nay was not unsuspected himself of having 
fallen under the spell of the subtle Earl, who writes the following 
Christmas greeting to the Chief Justice from his Castle of the 
Island : — 

" Mr. Justice — T commend me unto you. Since the receipte of 
yo r lettre of the xxth of this monthe certayn of my men have taken 
the Castel of the Mayne and as the same was taken withoute my 
consente so I thought goode to apprehende the takers and alsoe to 
put my warde in the Castell until I receave resolutions of my letters 
sent to the Queen's Ma tle and y e Honarabel Councill. And for 
that there are controversies to be decided I thoughte it goode to 
send for Andrew Skiddye Justice of my Libertie to take order 
therein desiring you to license him to come hither for that purpose. 
And soe fare you well from the Jslande of Kerrie this xxiid of 
Decembre 1573. Vo r lovinge friende 

Gerrot Desmond."' 

The words "Justice of my Libertie" are written in bolder and 
somewhat larger letters than the rest. [v. Antiquities of Tralee p. 1 1 1.) 
Walshe rightly interpreted the meaning of Desmond's services to the 
State in putting'" his Warde " into the Ca-tie and wrote at once to 
the Lord Deputy: 

"My duties remembred, Sithence my last advertisement Castel 
Maine is taken by treason of the porter which sufFred the Try r of 
Killaghie and his brethren with xxx men to enter on Christma< Eve 
and on Christmas Daie the Erie came to the Castell and put in his 

3 1 o Appendix. 

warde. He hath sent me a lettre conccrninge the Castell the 

coppie whereof I do send herein whereby you have the mysterieof 

the takinge of other Castels before. * * * * On the last weeke 

before Christmas a Scottish gentleman was with the Erie at Askel- 

ton wherein after some conference with James Fitzmorrish in an 

inner chambre he chaunged his attyre fur Irishe and a-, it i.-> reported 

he is appointed to bring in five hondred Scottes.'' 

The "Pryor of Killaghie and his brethren " do not figure in the 

following examinations taken in 1574 when the betrayal of the place 

was made the subject of a government enquiry. Their share in it 

having been probably limited to the perfuimance of a "mass of 

thanksgiving" on that memorable Christmas eve Dominic Myagh for 

that, or sundry other good reasons known only to himself, thought it 

unnecessary to make mention of the holy men. The interrogatories 

which evoked the following answers are not in the S. P. Office : — 

li Exatni nation of Dominic Miagh, Harberfs man. 

I. " That he went with his said wyfe &c. as is conteyned in the In- 
terrogatorie — 2, That he knoweth not the verie tyme when his 
master went onte of Ireland for the sayd provision : but that it was 
before Michaelmas last and in companie with a gallie with Sir John 
Parret who then came owt of Irlande and that his master and he re- 
turned into Ireland after Michaelmas about Allhallowstide — 3, That 
his master and he returned about Allhallowstide and landed at 
Youghill and that his master sent a man to Castle Magr.e to knowe 
what state it stoode in and to bryng him hor.-es from the sayde castle 
the wynd not serving to goe from Youghill to the sayde Cattle and 
that his master and he were in Youghill about a fortnight and that no 
messenger came from Castle Maigne to his master being the forcsayd 
tyme in Youghill but that his master understoode beinge in Youghill 
by Ires from the E of Clancare that the Castle was in good state for 
vittall." • 

Mac Carthy More who a few short months before was in open re- 
bellion, having scornfully flung off his new title of Clancare, was at 
this time more peaceably incline-:!, but the setting him to watch Castle- 
magne was very much like setting a cat to keep guard over a mouse, 
as he had never resigned his pretensions to the place and was only 
reconciled to the idea of the English being in it, by the knowledge 
that they were keeping his old rival for its po.^.-ession out. Herbert's 
servant went on to state that : 

— " his master was more than a sennith in Corcke before he henrde 
of the newes of the Erie of Desmond's escape, and that as sunc as he 
heard thereof he sent it or three one after another to the castle with 
Itres to hisundercone>tab!es namely John Mac Morri-., Thomas Husey, 
and Dermyd McDonoghe, and shortly after this examinat disguised in 
kerne's apparell whoe fownd the foresayd me-dngers without the 

Appendix. 3 1 1 

sayd castle because the Englishe within had worde from his master 
not to truste anie Irishe. — 6, That there weare xi in the castle 
besydes himselfe, whereof ix were shott, the other ii masons hired in 
Corcke immediately uppon his master's comyng thither, before he had 
heard of ye Marl of Desmond's escape and sent thither: the names 
of the ix aforcsayd he saythe weare Andrewe Harbert, brother to 
his master, Walter Harbert cosen to his master, Thomas l'almer, 
James Palmer, Henrie Littleton, Robert Denis, one Whitloeke, 
Davie Gogen, ami the name of the ixth he remembereth not. And 
the names of the masons weare Bryan Buiye and McLaughlen. That 
Henrie Littleton and James Palmer weare the chiefe betrayers of the 
sayd castel and often wente owt and in and parleed with the rebells 
wh was- suffred by the sayd Andrew Harbert, the underconestable of 
the sayd castle, wh Andrewe beinge tould of his ill dealying in 
this behalf by this examinate, was moche offended with this exami- 
nate and beate him the sayd examinate with a firebrand. Also this 
examinate saythe he put forth of the castell a churl or drudg that 
sarved to carie water and woode w'th his wyfe one whole night, wh 
was also a peece of the cawse that the sayd Andrewe did soe beate 
the examinate, and that the sayd Andrewe receaved the next day the 
sayd drudg, beinge an Irishe man, whoe was the man that opened 
the gates to the enemie in the night by counterfaite keyes. That he 
thincketh the sayd Andrewe Harbert, James Palmer, and Henrie 
Litleton be nowe in Thomond or wth Sir Brian Mac Phelim. That 
*by the voyce of the contrie Henrie Litleton and James Palmer re- 
ceaved XXX/. in ould money for their treason. That Robert Denis 
and Whittock nowe serve Captaine Bowser, and the rest are about 
Corcke having been examined but no fault found in them to this 
examinate's knowledge.— 7, That the Lrle of Desmond toke him in 
his bed in the castle and kept him prisoner a fortnighte in Hollen- 
howe Castle forteen myls off, and after brought him to the gallous, 
wher he had been hanged, but for the entreatie of the Lrle of Clan- 
care's wyf, sister to the Lrle of Desmond, and Mr. James Fitz 
Edmonds, who after he was thus saved and delivered came streight 
to Corcke wher he found not his master who was gon from Corck 
abowt by sea, with his vittals towards the sayd Castlemaigne. That 
the E of Clancare's wyfe came to the foresavd castle wher this ex- 
aminate was psoner, to see hir brother the E of Desmond. — S, That 
he knows not of the corruption but had greate suspition thereof, for 
that ther was such going in ami oute &c. as he hath declared in 
answeare to the 6th interragotorie." 

'lhe discrepancy between the statement that the nine guardians of 
Castle Magne were " shctt" and that which records their dispersion 
in Cork and Thomond is only explicable on the supposition that 
"sAott" is to be taken in the -en>e of the modern Irish expression 
"/•///" i.e half not wholly dead. In the Calendar the Castle to 
which Desmond had Mvagh taken is named Ilollenhowe. I was 

3 1 2 Appendix. 

greatly puzzled to know what Castle in Kerry could possibly be 
meant and referred again to the maps of 1576 — 1608 to try and 
discover it. There I found a castle marked Ballingoue on the spot 
known in modem times as Bal lingo wan, its owner being described 
in the Schedule by the rather vague name of Dcrmot Mac Turlogh. 
The latter was a favourite name in the O'Connor family who are 
mentioned by Captain Blennerhassett {v. p. 85) as the old pro- 
prietors of Ballingowan. Further examination of the State Taper 
itself by good judges convinced us that the Hollenhowe was meant 
for Ballingoue ill written and ill spelt. No* vestige of this old 
castle of the O'Connor's I suppose remains but it is marked on the 
map as a keep of equal size with that of Bally mac Elligott. John 
Herbert's examination is also in the S.P. office but I have not 
space for more than the following extract from it. After stating that 
he was detained at Youghal "by force of weather" he says: — 
"at length I landed at Corcke and sett a Iande the vittalls and sett 
up the galleye. And sente for my horses whereuppon newes cam 
that the Erie of Desmond brake out of prison (and then immediate 
I sent my man straight waies in kearne's apparell to goe to the warde 
to vame them to be uppon their keepinge untell my cominge) with 
the trouthe of his goinge out of Deveiinge. (Dublin) I meaninge to 
goe on my jorney toward the cx-tell, havinge sett forth a penece 
laden with vittaiel to gothyther, letters cam to the justice and to the 
attorney and Maior of Cork from the Erie of Ciincare that my man 
was gon into the Ward. * * * * and that the waves were sett 
(beset) for me in three places by John Oge's son and Edmund Mac 
See's (Mac Sheehy's?) sonnes, and that the penece was sett for by 
see by seven peneces out of the Dingell, wher perforce I must have 
been constrayned to take a pylatt for the river of Mang. " 

John Herbert was killed in 1579 with forty Englishmen and a 
hundred kerne in a skirmish with Sir John and Sir James of Des- 
mond and Andrew Martyn appears to have succeeded him at the 
Castle. In 15S3 Captain Chest on was the Warder. He is un- 
favourably reported of in Ormond's letters to Burleigh although his 
own opinion of his sendees led him to claim the reward given 
for the capture of Desmond. His Vice Constable referred to in 
the following letter was either the brother or the son of Captain 
Thomas Spring most probably his brother, 

1 ' Ormond to the Priry Council . " 

"My very good Lords, According to my dutie I have thought 
good to acquaint yo ,J with the occurrents here since the dispatch of 
my letters of the 24th of Apriell from Corcke. So it is, that the 
traytor the Senischall's mother was apprehended in Thomas Fitz 
Edmond's house (her son in lawe's) at Imokilly, both of them were 
arraigned and condempned durin/ myne abaode at Corcke : at the 

Appendix. 3 1 3 

Cessions then holden before me ther were executed xxiiii. Sir 
William Stanley whom I sent from Corcke as I wrote to yor I J. 
from thence to prosecute the Erie, being then in Desmond, appre- 
hended by my instructions Morrogh Baccagh Mac Shihie, a Capten 
of Galloglas, and the Vice Conistable of Castle Magne, called 
Edward Spring, who were by an examinacon taken lie. ore me 
charged to have relieved the Erie with victualls and powder, other 
gentlemen I apprehended for the like offence and committed alt 
Limrick : Spring confessed his fault and submitted himselfe, the 
rest beinge comittcd to stand uppon tryall. * * * * From Clonmell 
the xxviiith of Maie 1583, Vo r LL. most humblye 

to commaimde 

Thomas Ormonde." 

This letter is endorsed " To the Rt. honnorahU my very good LL. 

my LL. of her J/a 1 "- 3 most ho)ineral>le Counsel I in hast, hast, hast" 
It is satisfactory to find that poor Edward Spring did not suffer very 
heavily for his tender heartedness to the miserable Earl now hunted 
down nigh to death. The Vice Constable of Castle Magne lived to 
prove that it is possible for a man to spare a fallen enemy, and yet 
remain brave and true as steel to his trust in time of danger. The 
following letter was written in his favour by Sir John Norreys, him- 
self one of the bravest and worthiest of the Queen's officers ii 
Munster : — 

" To the Ri^ht Honnor. the Hordes of her 

Mattes most honnor. Privy Con net'//." 

"Right Hon. My very goode Llokdes— This gentleman the 
bearer, Captain Edward Springe, beinge one that hath longe served 
in the wanes is now very desirous to be employed in this service for 
France, and hathe intrealed to be by my letres recommended unto 
yo r llordshipp's favourable regardes, that yo r Honnors will be 
pleased uppon the next occasion of employment to admyt him unto 
the chardge of a companie, who I can assure yo r llships, is by reason 
of his longe tyme spent in her Ma lies wanes, (a very tit man to be 
employed, and one that of my owne knowledge uppon manie oc- 
casions yielded goode testimonie of his worthe and (excellente) 
sufficiency. If vo r honnors will be pleased upon thenexte (vacante) 
employment to carrve him in mynde, as I doubte not of his willing- 
ness to shove himself thanckfull for the same, so dare I uppon my 
credit prefer him to yo r llordshipp's favour * * * * and even so 
leavinge him to yo r honnorablu con>ideracons, I humbly take leave 
from London, this xth day of Aprill 1 59 1, You r honnors' ever 

humbly at commandment 

John Norreys." 

The Lord Justice Loftus writing to Burghley (State Paper 

3 l 4 Appendix. 

Office vol. 104. p. 94.) recommends "the hearer Mr. Michael 
Bryskett " as a fit person for the Constableship of Castle Magne but 
he does not seem to have obtained it. In December 1583 Tiege 
Mac Carthy who appears to have been a soldier employed in the 
English army petitioned to "have the keeping" of the fortress and 
also for a lease in reversion of the " Abbey of Killagha lying in 
Mae Carthy More's country " but his petition too was disregarded 
and Captain Spring was appointed Warder. '1 here is in the State 
Paper Office a petition from him the year before his appointment 
detailing his services in the "wanes of Ireland, when a brother of 
his who accompanied him in that service was slayne in her majestie's 
quarrell." It would appear from these documents that three 
brothers of the family had been employed against the rebels. '1 he 
petition states that arrears of pay are due to Captain Spring, and 
that he holds as his sole means of support " onely a farme from 
her Ma tU ' in right of his wyfe, the relict of William Apslay late 
deceived, called the Comander of Aune in Munster," which farm he 
desires may be granted to him at a reduced rent. The result of this 
petition was the appointment to the Constableship and a grant of 
land in the neighbourhood of Killagh, no great reward one would 
say for the gallant services of the petitioner and his two brothers. 
In Mr. Kd wards' Life of Sir Walter Raleigh the following letter is 
quoted from Collin's Peerage (ed. 1720.) It is without date, but 
Mr. Edwards says it was " probably " written in 159S. It is almost 
certain that the bearer of it was Captain Thomas Spring, but as he 
died in 1597 this would earn- back the "probable" date given by 
Mr. Edwards to that rear or the one preceding it. 

" To Michael Hickes Secretary to the Lord Treasu?-er Burleigh. 

From Suerrl'rne. 
July \2tJ1. 
"Worthy Mr. Michael— I am most earnestly to entreat you for 
this gentleman Captain Spring, that partly for love, partly for honest 
consideration, you will further him with my Lord Treasurer for a 
debt of ^"500 which her Majesty doth owe him. It hath been long 
due and he hath good warrant for it. Lesides he hath served her 
Majesty very lo.g, and hath received many wounds in her service. 
These rea-ons delivered by a man of your utterance, and having his 
good angel at your elbow to instruct you, I doubt not but it will take 
good and speedy effect. I never wrote unto you for any man, or in 
any matter, wherein you shall bind me more to you than for this 
bearer and so not doubting of your assured friendlincsse, leave you 
to God and remain your 

Most assured lovinge friende 

"Walter Raleigh." 

Walter Spring called the Unfortunate [v. p. 73) the grandson of 

Appendix. 315 

the eldest son of the Constable of Castlemagne seems to have been 
transplanted by the Cromwellians into Clare, although Mr. Prendergast 
mentions in his History of the Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland that 
Captain Sondes, an officer in the army of the Parliament recommended 
that his transplantation might be delayed, as he and his family were 
attending Protestant worship and their conversion seemed hopeful. 
As I have not been able to search the certificates of transplantation 
myself nor to obtain any information about them from the Dublin 
Record Office (which I regret to say is not as freely open to the 
public as one might expect considering the liberal and enlightened 
conduct of the Government with regard to the London Office) 1 can- 
not say with certainty that Edward Spring and his family were among 
the transplanted, but I think it probable that they were sent out of 
Kerry, because in the records of decrees of lands allotted to innocent 
Papists after the Restoration, the names of Edward and Walter 
Spring are set down as claiming lands in Clare. There were how- 
ever Springs amongst the English Adventurers for the Land and 
Sea Service claiming lands in Ireland. It is not a little curious that 
after 1736 when Captain John Plennerha>sett {z: ante p. 74, ) mentions 
the marriage of Walter to Julian, dau of the Knight of Kerry, and 
the two children of this marriage, all traces of this the elder branch 
of the family of Spring vanish. It is not known what became of this 
Thomas and Mary the great grandchildren of Sir Nicholas Brown, 
of the daughter of O'Sullivan Bear, and the grandchildren of the 
Knight of Kerry. It seems hardly po-sible that they should have 
sunk as the elder branches of other old families at this period too 
often did into the ranks of the peasantry. Had they gone to Erance 
or to Spain with their O'Sullivan kinsmen, or had they died un- 
married, Captain Blenerhassett would certainly have mentioned it, 
but he may have preferred not recording their marriages with Roman 
Catholics in humble life, although to do him justice nothing of that 
truest sign of the parvenu the feeling which magnifies wealthy kins- 
men and ignores those unblessed by mammon, is traceable in his 
genealogical collections. The grand old Earl of Derby in Elizabeth's 
reign who used to entertain in his Lancashire mansion scores of guests 
rich and poor and "at whose death" said Camden "the glory of 
hospitality died out of England " was once visited at court by a 
country cousin of small estate who wanted a helping hand and was 
profuse in apologies for intruding thoughts of his relationship on the 
great man, who, however, with the true nobility of his race replied, 
that there was no need for such excuses or deprecations as "every 
old tree" he said "had weaker as well a> stronger boughs belonging 
to it." With Thomas Spring, the son of Walter the Unfortunate, as 
I have said all trace of the male line of the elder branch of the 
Spring family ends, but the younger line has still worthy representa- 
tives in Kerry and out of it. Captain Thomas Spring the younger 
son of the Constable of Castlemagne was the great grandfather of 

3 1 6 Appendix. 

Thomas Spring of Ballycrispin co. Kerry (v. p. 26,) and by her had 
an only child and heiress Catherine Spring who ///.'/ Stephen Edward 
Rice of Mount Trcnchard (v. note to Forfeited Estates) and had a son 
Thomas Spring Rice, the distinguished statesman raised to the peer- 
age in 1S39 a> Lord Monteagle of Brandon. Thomas Spring the 
younger sun of the Constable of Castlemagne was also grandfather 
of Francis Spring who as mentioned at p. 47 md Catherine dau of 
John Mason of Dally mac Kligot and Ballydovraey (great grandfather 
of St. John Mason of Uallydowney and of Robert Emmet t) and had 
by her a son John who md Mary Collis. The issue of this last 
marriage was I. Francis died ttnmd. 2. Thomas md Catherine 
Eagar and died s.p. 3. William a Lieutenant-Colonel in the army 
md Anne dau of Colonel Carter and had four sons, William, Robert, 
Thomas, and Francis (killed in the Indian mutiny v. p. 297; all officers 
in the army. John Spring and Mary Collis had also an only dau 
who md Captain Hamilton and had several children. The posterity 
of the elder son of the Constable of Castlemagne having either died 
out or sunk into obscurity in the last century, the representation now 
lies with the eldest son of Colonel William Spring by his wife Anne 
Carter. A junior branch of this much respected old county family 
is represented by John Spring M.D. of Tralee and his brother 
William Spring of Riverville Co. Kerry. 

(Page 198.) 

Sir Edward Denny. — He appears to have been actively en- 
gaged in the war of 1642 if we can trust — as we may to a certain 
extent at least — the following letter in one of the pamphlets of that 
time in the King's Library, British Museum. He was certainly in 
or near Dublin in February, 1642, but it is not unlikely that the 
following gives a very incorrect account of events there, and that it 
was a forgery (like the canard; of the late Franco-German war) 
composed by some friend or enemy of the Marquis of Antrim who 
played an extraordinary and shifty game at this period for which he 
was the object of much opprobrium in after times. I give the docu- 
ment for what it is worth, not attempting to explain its rather 
enigmatical statements concerning men and parties in the second 
year of the rebellion. It is entitled "A Coppie of a letter from the 
Lord Antrim in Ireland to the Right Hon. the Earl of Rutland, 
bearing date 25th February A.D. 1642, wherein is contained the 
description of two battels fought between the English and the 
Irish Rebells, as also the number of those that were slaine on either 
side : London, Printed for W.T. 1642." 

Lei7ister 25 Feb. 1642. 

"My Lord — Some passages of the affaires here in Ireland I 
thought it good to present you with all which is necessary to 1 e 
taken notice of. There was a greate battel fought before the Citie 

Appendix. 3 1 7 

of Dublin wherein was slaine 400 English and Scotch, and Sir 
Edward Denny one of our Captains with his forces of 400 soldiers 
hath slaine Thomas Eger with five hundred men of his souldiers, 
and putt all the rest, besides some prisoners taken to flight. This 
is the greatest overthrow to the English (?) that yet hath been. And 
Sir Edward Denny having the Victory on the next morning being 
by his Souldiers saluted in a mo-^t noble Manner, for thcire better 
encouradgement gave to each Souldier five pounds, and in vin- 
dication of his reputation made a Royall feast to entertain his 
Souldiers in a deriding and scoffing manner to the English. There 
was also another skirmish on Saturday last, which continued some 
eight houres between the forces under the command of the Lords 
Ormond, Xetterfield, and others, and the forces under the command 
of Sir Simon Harcourt, Sir William Cootes, Mr. Moore of the 
English, the Lord Douglas, Sir C. Bland Mr. Henry Stuart, and 
others of the Scots where were slaine 2000 (!) Irishe and about a 
hundred Scotch and English, the rest of the Irish being forced to 
retire, great spoyles being left by them as a prey to the English of 
ammunition and provisions of victuail, sufficient to furnish and main- 
tain five hundred men for six months, which was a great weakening 
to the Catholick party. And thus having no more at this present 
I will not be troblesome to yo r Honor but humbly take my leave. 
Vo r Honor's 

in all due observance 


Archdeacon Rowan thought that Vauclier, although undoubtedly 
a man of considerable property and a brave soldier, had greatly 
exaggerated the amount of his losses and the number of persons 
murdered in Kerry in 164 1. Of no one period of Irish history has 
there been more misrepresentation written and spoken than of this 
miserable year of bloodshed and civil strife and it is painful to dwell 
upon it. But since within the last few years a gentleman to whose 
labours historical students are much indebted Mr. J. P. Prendergast 
employed by the government (with the Rev. Dr. Russell S.J.) to 
arrange the Carte MSS. at Oxford and to calendar the State Papers 
referring to the year 1641-9 has in his last edition of the History of 
the "Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland" endeavoured to prove 
that no massacre took place in the former year it seems a duty even 
in such slight chronicles as these to remind the reader of the very 
different opinions entertained by men whose sincerity and consistent 
liberality in politics ami religion are as undoubted as Mr. Prender- 
gast's and to quote a few of the contemporary depositions on which 
those opinions are based. It has been said and said with perfect 
truth that some of these depositions like that at p. 194, were full of 
exaggeration, and that others were only vouched tor on parole, and 
contained mere hearsay reports handed from one to another. But 

3 1 8 Appendix. 

there are many of the depositions which bear the stamp of truth 
and which were made by the .sufferers who saw their nearest and 
dearest butchered before their eyes. Here are a few : — 

" Anne Hill deposed that she lived in Wicklow. Her child sixteen 
months old was dragged from her back and trodden on until it died and 
her other three children died of cold being turned out with her naked 
in the frost and snow. Mary Barlow deposed that her husband 
was hanged and that she and her six children were turned out 
in the snow and that Mr. Starkey an old man and his two 
daughters were drowned in a bog-hole. Margaret Fanning widow 
deposed that the rebells bound her husband's hands and before her 
eyes cut his throat with a skeane, that they stripped her and others 
naked and bade them go to their God and let him give them clothes. 
The Rev. John Kerdiff, Rector of Disertereagh in the Co. Tyrone, 
duly sworn, deposcth, that the rebels murdered the very first day Mr. 
Mader minister of the gospel and Mr. New curate to Mr. Bradley 
and that the minister of Dungannon Mr. Blyth with eight more 
were murdered being first stript and driven out * * * * and 
that Mr. Blyth was murdered with Sir Phelim's protection in his 
hands as if to call God's vengeance down on the traitorous mur- 
derers. John Hore and Fortune his wife of Killarncy, deposed that 
Mrs. Whittell and her husband were murdered near that town 
and Goodman Cranber and his wife and Anthony and Mrs. Field 
and that seven others were drowned, that Mrs. Burrell was 
murdered in her house near Tralee by her servants and Mrs. Lassell 
and Laurence Ferry and his two sisters. Mrs. Hussey and her 
son and daughter with many more were murdered going to 
Cork with a convoy Lord Muskerry did allow her * * * * 
Philip Taylor of Portadown deposed that he was taken prisoner at 
Portadown by Toole McCan gent, a notorious rebell and that he 
saw the said rebells drown a number of English Protestants men 
women and children some of them with their hands tied behind 
their backs and that he drove a sow away that was eating a newly 
born child thrown into a ditch. Eliza Trafford wife of the Rev. 
Thomas Trafford deposed that the rebels stabbed and mangled her 
husband and turned her out naked with her children. Thomas 
Hewetson deposed that his brother's and granduncle's corpses were 
dug up and thrown into a hole in the garden and that this was done 
by command of Brian Mac Geoghegan titular Bishop of Kildare 
and James Dempsey his Vicar General. Mary Woods late of 
Kildare, widow, deposed that the said rebells did strip her husband 
and afterwards stabbed him and shott him and most barbarously 
buried him while yet alive, and that the bodies of several Protestants, 
buried in the Church a long while, were taken up and thrown into 
filthy places to be devoured of dogs, and that this was done by the 
comandement and direction of James Dempsie a priest. Adam 
Glover of Cavan deposed that he saw on the highway a woman stripped 

Appendix. 3 1 9 

by three Irish women who miserably beat and tore her in a bitter frost 
and snow when she fell into labour and died there with her baby. 
Another witness deposed that he saw an Englishman and his wife 
and four children murdered at Kilfeacle and flung into a hole the 
youngest child not quite dead as the earth, was being cast on it 
holding up its hand and crying out Mammy ! Mammy!" 

One more contemporary witness as to the sufferings and murders of 
the unhappy colonists I will cite — one whose life and whose memory 
men of all creeds and classes in both islands united to honour — the holy 
minister of God, Bedell. His biographer says that in his presence 
the wild ferocity of the Ulster rebels changed into a kind of awe not 
unmixed with wondering reverence like " the desert beasts around 
Daniel." When the Roman Catholic Bishop Sweeney sent to tell 
Bedell that he intended to take up his residence in the Episcopal 
mansion, the man of Clod answered meekly, that they could not dw ell 
safely together, because that the simple prayers in the English 
tongue which he and the little band of Protestants who crowded 
round him for protection offered up daily, would offend Sweeney and 
his followers, and "under that colour" he wrote " the miirtherers 
would break in upon us and after they had robbed us, would con- 
clude they did God good service by our slaughter." He was driven 
from his home and in the last days of his life, suffering we ore told 
more keenly by what he saw around him than if he had fallen like 
his brethren at the first, he spoke to his friends and children around 
his bed with the loving fervour and the spirit of prophecy of a St. 
John : 

" Chuse rather with Moses to suffer affliction with the people of 
God than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season which will be 
bitterness in the end. To you is given in the behalf of Christ not 
only to believe on Him but to suffer for His sake. What can you 
look for but one woe after another while the Man of Sin is thus 
suffered to rage and to make havoc of God's people at his pleasure 
while men are divided about trifles that ought to have been more 
vigilant over us and careful of those whose blood is precious in God's 
sight * * * * God will surely visit you in due time and return 
your captivity as the River of the South and bring you back again into 
possession of this land. Though grievous Wolves have entered in 
among us not sparing the Flock yet I trust the Great Shepherd of 
His own will save and deliver them out of all places whither they 
have been scattered in this dark and cloudy day and that they shall 
be no more a prey to the Heathen neither shall the beasts of the land 
devour them but they shall dwell safely ami none shall make them 
afraid. 1 have fought a good fight — 1 have finished the course of my 
ministry and my life together. Oh ! Lord I have waited for Thy 

From the churches of Bedell's diocese the bibles were taken by 
the rebels — thrown into the kennel — trampled on — cursed as the 

3?o Appendi 

root of nil the mischief— in many places piled together and burnt 
the misguided people crying out "that that was hell-fire which was 
burning !" .Mr. Prendergast who says that the Cromwellian officers 

had their heads filled with " Bible-stuff" docs not care to deny this 
but as regards the massacre he says, " the Proclamation of the Lords 
Justices in February, 1642. while it falsely charges the Irish with 
the design states that "it failed," and he adds there is "one 
document, the Commission of the 23d December 164;, issued to 
investigate the robberies and disloyal speeches of the rebels, which, 
as it mentions nothing of a massacre, would be taken as conclusive 
evidence against its reality v. ere not the English of Ireland and the 
English of England anxious to propagate calumnies against the Irish 
people." Who the "English of Ireland" are it is hard to sny 
assuredly they are more mythical than the massacre. It is quite 
conceivable that robberies and disloyal speeches were matters of more 
moment to Charles Stuart and his queen, with the blood of Medici 
in her veins, than the lives and securities of a Puritanically disposed 
colony, and while the reins of power were in their united hands 
little good was to be expected from Royal Commissions skilfully 
framed "how«<rf"to do what was just and necessary. The des- 
cendants of the Catholic leaders of 1641 are not likely to take 
pleasure in calumniating their ancestors yet many of them there are, 
who like the present writer entirely differ from Mr. Prendergast on 
this subject, and sorrowfully admit, that the Proclamation to which 
he refers, while it states that the design to seise Dublin Castle and city 
failed only declared the truth when it said: — "In pursuit of their 
bloody intention they {i.e. the rebels) robbed and despoyled manie 
thousands of his Ma 1 '" good subjects, British and Protestant and 
murdered many of them on the spot, and committed barbarous 
cruelties and execrable inhumanities upon their persons and estates." 
The truth is that what occurred at the beginning of the present 
century on a smaller scale when the generous but mistaken Emmett 
led an armed mob on the same forlorn hope against Dublin Castle 
and saw his followers, while he wrung his hands and pleaded with 
them in vain, turn aside to murder a helpless old man before his 
daughter's eyes occurred in the year 1 64 1. "The leaders"says the learned 
and liberal minded Professor Masson, "planned the re-conquest of 
the island, but the insurrection carried out by their followers degene- 
rated into a mere revel of murderous phrensy, from which Roger 
More recoiled leaving O'Neill responsible." Warner scrutinized the 
original depositions closely and convinced himself that several were 
unreliable and that Clarendon and Sir John Temple grossly exagge- 
rated the number of murders committed, but he says that—*' Father 
Walshe who is allowed to have been loyal and honest hath affirmed 
that after a regular and exact enquiry he computed the number at 
eight thousand.'' Warner thought that about twelve thousand had 
been murdered and he adds "the number given in these accounts, 

Appendix. 321 

small as it is, compared with what hath been given by other 
Protestant writers is surely enough to give a horrible idea ot the 
fierce and savage cruelty exercised by the Irish." The heart truly 
sickens over the hideous tales of this year of woe and can we 
wonder while reading them that, as a grea? writer (Thackeray) said 
of the kindred miseries of the sufferers of the Indian mutiny,— 

" The wail of their agony swept o'er the earth 
And thrilled every soul in the land of their birth." 

In a sermon preached on November 14th 1641 in St. Stephen's 
Church, Coleman street, London, to promote contributions for 
loans to distressed Protestants in Ireland the preacher said— 

"Ireland must be looked after and provided for, as if -we had 
neither wives, nor children, nor charge, nor were poor, nor wanted 
money, nor knew what otherwise to do with our monies. They are 
your brethren, professors of the same precious faith with you. They 
suffer not as evil doers, but only because they have given the right 
hand of fellowship unto you, in the things of God and of the Lord 
Jesus Christ." 

A sterner exhortation was made by a lay writer in a Tract entitled 
"An Alarum to Warre to revenge the bloodshed and insolencies 
suffered by the Innocent Protestants in Ireland,'' London 1642. 

"The cruell enemyes whose very mercies have been cruel- 
ties hath poured oute our brethren's blood in every street, and 
there hath been no hand to hclpe them, but in much mercie it hath 
pleased the Almighty to consider their distresse. Vengeance though 
slow is sure. The Lord of Hosts goe along with our Hosts, guide 
and direct them in all their waves. And God will be avenged for the 
bloode of his Saints their bloode being dear in his sight." * * * A 
If there were no other argument but the miseries of the poore 
Protectants worried to death by these wolvish rebells it were sufficient 
to animate you. Blood requires Blood ! " 

The answer to this appeal came at Drogheda, at Wexford, and in 
our own county at Ross, and Castle Gregory and Iveragh, with fire and 
sword and the howl of Barrington's bloodhound. It is said in one 
of the contemporary pamphlets in the King's Library that Barring- 
ton was called by his brother officer Captain Kill-All. That some 
^of the Cromwellians were merciless in their revenge on the Roman 
'Catholic Irish is as certain as that the majority of the army were 
men whose self restraint and patience made them an object of 
admiration even to Clarendon and other honest loyalists. Professor 
Masson remarks that these latter, Catholics as well as Protestants, 
might better have left their case to Carte and Leland and Warner 
inclined as those historians are to judge them leniently, than ex- 
cite prejudice instead of allaying it, by such a tissue ol misrepresen- 
tations as "Curry's account of the Civil War"— and I fear we must 


5^2 Appendix. 

now add Mr. Prendcrgast's "I Iistory of the Cromwellian Settlement. " 
There are signs already abroad, marked within the last few 
months, even in that corner of our island where the Avenger's 
hand fell heaviest, that Thomas Carlyle's hopes are being slowly, 
but surely fulfilled, * and that the character and mission of that 
Avenger are beginning to be better understood by educated and 
liberal minded Catholic Irishmen. Warner closes his plain un- 
biassed account of 1641 with those wise words: — " Whether the 
account which I have here given of this great event will satisfy the 
readers of either party I do not know, but I have taken great pains 
and care in the enquiry and I write not to please but to inform, not 
to irritate parties but to unite them in the exercise of civil social 
duties, * * * * both .-ides will do well to avoid in future those 
unchristian animosities which have led the way to ever)* species of 
barbarity and ended in fr.mine, bloodshed, pestilence and desola- 
tion/' (Warner's Hist, of Ireland) Book v. p. 299. 

(Page 207.) 

Estates of the Earl of Clancare. — Florence MacCarthy 
(Reagh) whose stolen marriage with the Earl's only daughter and 
heiress forms a romantic episode in Kern* history left an account of 
his own and his father-in-law's dealings with Nicholas and Valentine 
Brown which is too long for insertion here. It may find a place 
hereafter in some future collection of Kerry* Records. The original is 
I believe at Mucruss and was copied in 1S36 with the permission of 
then owner of the place by my father. There is another copy 
amongst the Egerton MSS. in the Briti-h Museum and th:s has been 
printed in Mr. D. C. Mac Carthy's Life and Times of Florence Mac 
Carthy Reagh a work which contains a large collection of extracts 
from the S;a:e Papers relating to the history of our county, full of 
interest for Kerry readers, few of whom however will be disposed to 
agree with the author in his favourable estimate of his hero's 
character and conduct. The whole case in dispute for nearly fifty 
years is also detailed in it but the material points may be shortly 

* " The Massacre of 1641 was not we will believe pre-meditated by the leaders 
of the Rebellion but it is an awful truth written in sun clear evidence that it did 
happen and the noble minded among the men of Ireland are called on to admit 
it and to mourn it and learn from it. To the car of History those ghosts still 
shriek from the bridge of Portadown if not now for just vengeance on their 
murderers, yet for pity on them, for horror at thcrn, and no just man whatever 
h:s new feelings may be but will share more or less Lord-Lieutenant Cromwell's 
old feelings on that matter ••* ' And if among the true hearts of Ireland there 
chanced to be found one, who across the opaque, angry, whirlwind in which a;l 
Cromwell matters are en\e!oped to him. could recognize the thunder clad figure 
of a Lord-Lieutenant • * * " the veritable Heaven's messenger clad in thunder 
and accept the true, stern, message he brings -who knows! That too we be- 
lieve is c ming and with it many hopeful things." — {Carlyle's Letters 
t>4/«:iW/, voL ii. , p. 1-3.) 

Appendix. 323 

stated. Nicholas Brown had lent to the Earl of Clancare sundry 
sums of money for which he obtained a mortgage over Coshmagne, 
Glanerought, Ballycarberry and other lands in Kerry, and as further 
security he obtained also under the Queen's Patent a lease of the 
lands in perpetuity, in case the Karl died without heirs before the 
sum was repaid. This lease was drawn up by careful lawyers, at 
least so the lessee thought, and it is not to be' wondered at 'that he 
should have felt caution necessary, for the Earl was a reckless 
prodigal, his only son was not a good life, and with all "gracious 
Astnea's " regard for her faithful subject Nicholas Brown, it was not 
impossible that if the lands of her new made Earl lapsed to her for 
want of heirs, the debt if unsecured by the letter of the law, might 
prove as vain a thing as a Titchborne bond of 1872. Aimed with 
letters patent and her royal sign manual however, the unlucky under- 
taker believed he had made assurance doubly sure, but his debtor 
was no sooner dead (his only son having predeceased him) than 
Florence his son in law, stepped forward found a flaw in the lease, 
which utterly defeated the hopes of the lessee and put him, Florence,' 
in right of his wife in possession of the Earl's estate. The contend- 
ing parties petitioned the Queen and Privy Council who decided that 
in consequence of the omission of the single word "male" in the 
clause in the letters patent granting the lands to Brown "after the 
death of the Earle without heirs of his bodie" the document was 
utterly null and void until the death of Florence's wife and of his 
children issueless. The decision is given at length in Mr. Mac 
Carthy's book. The return which Florence made for this act of 
justice done him to the injury of the Queen\s undoubtedly brave and 
loyal subject, Nicholas Brown, was to return to Munster and to enter 
at once into alliance with those who conspired against her throne 
and her life. Throughout the South of Ireland the name of Mac 
Carthy has ever been and ever will be an honoured one, and to a 
native of Kerry especially, it must be painful to record the un- 
doubted fact that a more treacherous, ungrateful and worthless man 
than the husband of Clancare's unhappy heiress never existed. The 
worst that could be said of Nicholas Brown, was that the love of 
money had led him to infringe upon the lady's rights to her father's 
inheritance, but while we rejoice to know 'that in this he did not 
succeed, we must on the other hand admit that no undertaker in 
Munster had done more for the civilization of Ireland than he, 
making his estate around Killamey an oasis of fertility, order, and 
industry, bravely defending himself against his enemies amongst the 
Irish, and by no means an unkindly neighbour to those of them 
who were willing to allow him to live in peace. The council 
ordered that he was to " have assurance of his mortgage until it was 
satisfied as his counsel learned shall devise." Thirtv-one years had 
pa^ed away and Florence was receiving a mild punishment for his 
manifold treasons, by being detained a prisoner in the Tower of 


London with permission to see his friends and have hi- children with 
him when h-t pleased, and still the Browns and he were quarrelling 
over the Mac Carthy More inheritance. His eldest son had conformed 
to the Protestant Church and had sent in a strongly worded petition to 
James about his right to the lands, still subject to Brown's mortgage, 
and the whole matter once more became the subject of a Royal and 
legal deci-ion which ran as follows. That as " the deceased Earl by 
two severall indentures 30th and 31st Eliz. did convey and assure the 
lands now in question to Sir Valentine Browne and his son, for the 
sum of about ^500 in money, upon condition for redemption thereof 
by payment of the monies at any time and that tho-e lands are 
affirmed to be worth a thousand a year, and the profit thereof to have 
been taken for the use of the money eversince * * * * And that the 
sd Florence who md the dau and heire of the sd Earl, is willing to 
] .ay all the sd monies accordingly, and that the grants obtained by 
Sir Valentine Brown of these lands were only in the nature of con- 
firmations ; These are now therefore to will and require you, that 
upon payment made of the sd sums of ^421 is. 2a., ,£121 13s. yi. 
and £>>o by the said Florence Mac Carthy unto the heirs of the sd 
Sir Valentine Browne, or to his use, that you forthwith deliver the 
possession of the sd mortgaged lands unto the sd Florence Mac Carthy, 
or to his as-igns and that due consideration be had of some recom- 
pence to be given to the said Florence, for the mean profitt of the 
tyme past and that you make no composition with the heirs or assigns 
of the said Sir Valentine Browne upon our Commission of Grace."' 
Thus once again in less than half a century the Crown of England 
interfered against the interests of its subjects of English race to 
secure their old inheritance to the kinsmen of King Dermot Mac 
Caura. They were not ungrateful this time (indeed to the honour of 
the Lady Ellen be it said that she seems ever to have been loyal and 
sincere 1 Florence was kept safe from endangering them further 
and henceforward for the most part they remained good subjects. By 
a decree of the Court of Claims 28th July, 1663, the land- of Pallice, 
Mucru.-s. Cahimane, Castle Lough, and other lands were restored 
to Dame Sarah Mac Carthy dau to the Earl of Antrim and widow 
of Daniel Mac Carthy Mor (eldest son of Florence and Lady Ellen) 
an 1 to the eldest son of the said Daniel and Dame Sarah, viz. 
Florence Mac Carthy Mor. " This second Florence " says the 
F.gerton MS. ''sold Cahimane to Maurice Hussey in 16S4. and gave 
Castle Lough to his cousin german Denis, (son of Lady Ellen's 
second son) who .-old it to Colonel William Crosbie in the reign of 
George II. Florence Mc. Carthy Mor had md the sister of the 
Knight of Kerry but died s . p. and was succeeded by his brother 
Charles, who md and had Charles, whose >on Randal Mac Carthy 
Mor ml Agnes Herbert of Currens and had Charles Mac Carthy 
Mor an officer in the Guard-, who died unmd in 1770, bequeathing 
Mucru-s and the rest oi his estates to his maternal grandfather Mr. 

Appendix. $25 

Herbert. Denis Mac Carthy, the son of Florence and Lady Ellen's 
younger son, md Margaret Finch an English lady and was father of 
Charles living in 1764, an officer in the Brigade, and of Justin 
Mac Carthy who remained at Castle Lough and md Catherine dau 
of Colonel Maurice llusscy, by whom he had a son Randal, who 
sold his lands and mansion to Colonel \Y. Crosbie. Randal md and 
had sons bred to low trades, who are uneducated paupers, some of 
them now living." (Egerton MSS. vol. 116.) This account of the 
family seems to have been written about the beginning of the present 
century. The grandchildren of Randal are probably still to be found 
in Kerry. 

(Page 208.) 

Dean John Leslie.— The Leslies, Earls of Rothes and Barons 
of Balquhain, are descended from a Hungarian noble, Bartholomew 
de Leslyn, who came to Scotland with Queen Margaret in 1067, 
and obtained lands in Scotland from Malcolm Canmore. In 1223 
Sir Norman de Leslyn obtained from Alexander III grants in Fife 
including the woods of Fetekill now called Leslie. Dean John 
Leslie's direct descent (from father to son for four centuries* from 
the Barons of Balquhain is given by Playfair in his "Family 
Antiquity of Great Britain and Ireland " vol. ix. In 1633 he and 
his brother James accompanied to Ireland their cousin german Tohn 
Leslie D.D. of Oxford who was translated from the See of Orkney 
and made Bishop of Raphoe in 1633. All three took an active part 
against the rebels in 1641. The Bishop of Raphoe, ancestor of the 
Leslies of Glasslough, Co. Monaghan, raised a company of soldiers 
and with his kinsmen marched at their head against a troop of Irish 
who were ravaging the country around Donegal. At the entrance of 
a mountain pass near Magharabeg the Bishop halted his troops and 
kneeling on the roadside offered up the following prayer : — '•Almighty 
God unto whom all hearts be open, Thou knowest the righteousness 
of the cause we have taken in hand and that we are actuated by the 
clearest conviction that our motive is just, but as our manifold sins 
and wickedness are not hid from thee, we presume not to claim thy 
protection trusting in our own innocence, yet if we be sinners they 
are not saints, though then thou vouchsafest not to be with us, be not 
against us, but stand neuter to-day and let the Arm of Flesh decide it !" 
"Whether the Bishop's prayer" says Playfair " was heard, we 
presume not to say, but his enterprise was successful and the country 
long devastated by the cruel foe was rescued from impending cala- 
mity. ' John Leslie, the Bishop's cousin german above mentioned 
md Catherine Cunningham, dau of the Dean of Raphoe, and had a 
son John and a dau md to Rev. James Hamilton. Archdeacon of 
Raphoe. John Leslie was Rector of L'rney in the diocese of Deny 
and possessed a considerable private estate'. In iCSb with a >j irit 

326 Appendix. 

worthy of his race he raided a company of foot and a troop of 
dragoons and at their head performed services so important to the 
Stare, that the great king of glorious memory and the parliaments of 
both islands united to honour and reward him by giants of estates 
in Kerry, Cork, Clare, Roscommon and Westmeath. But although 
it v.a> impossible for the secret agents of Jacobitism to deprive him 
of this reward, the value of it was much lessened by the usual host 
of fictitious incumbrances, claims of doubtful innocents and the 
litigation resulting therefrom. He made several journeys to Eng- 
land to seek protection and redress from William who stood his friend 
throughout, until at last his health failed and on his return from 
London, in February, 1700, "with the king's letter" says Play- 
fair '* in his pocket for the first vacant Bishopric " he died of an 
illness chiefly caused by "cold, fatigue, and anxiety of mind." l>y 
his wife Marian, dau of the Rev. II. Galbraith, he had, I John who 
fell at Aughrim gallantly fighting at the head of his father's troops, 
2 James, 3 George, 4 Elizabeth died young, 5 Isabella md John 
Knox, 6 Lettice md Walter Johnson, 7 Catherine md Thomas 
Enraght. James Leslie succeeded to the estates and settled in 
Kerry, he md Sarah dau of Colonel Kellie, and had three sons 
John, James and Robert, and a dau Sarah who md John Rowan 
[v. p. 38) by whom she had a son George and two daus Sarah, and 
Mary who md Rev. Edward Day (uncle to Judge Day and had 
a son Rev. James Day, Rector of Tralee and V.G. of the diocese. 
George Rowan md * * * * Usher and had John, who sold Castle 
Gregory to Lord Yentry. John Leslie md and had an only child 
Lucy, who md Robert Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry, by whom she 
had no children. James Leslie, in holy orders, became Bishop of 
Limerick and at his brother's death inherited the estates and built 
the mansion house at Tarbert. He md Joyce, dau and eventually 
heiress of Anthony Lister of Listerheld, Roscommon, and had two 
sons and seven daus of whom four md. The sons were Edward, of 
whom presently, Richard, in holy orders, inherited the Listerrield 
estates. Edward Leslie of Tarbert House succeeded to the Kerry 
estate-, to Huntington in Carlow, and John-town in Wexford, and 
was created a Baronet in 17S6. He was M.P. for Old Leighlin in 
the following year. By his wife Anne, dau of Colonel Cane of the 
Royal Drigoons, he had an only child Catherine Loui>a, who md 
in lSo7, Lord Douglas Gordon .brother of George 9th Marquis of 
Huntly) who assumed the name of Hallvburton and had by him 
no issue. On the death of Sir Edward Leslie the estates came to 
the descendants of his uncle Robert, (youngest son of James Leslie 
by Sarah Kellie, who had md Aphra Babington and had by her, 
a son Robert, and three daus. Robert, mil ,; * * * Crosbie and 
by her had four sons and two daus. Robert, eldest of the four, md 
Margaret Sandes and had two children, 1, Robert, now of Tarbert 
House md Miilicent dau oi Richard Chute of Chute Hall, by 

Appendix. 327 

Theodora, dau and heiress of Arthur Blennerhassett of Blennerville, 
and has issue a son and heir and 2, Aphra md Captain Pickard atul 
has issue. Amongst the family portraits at Tarbert House are 
two, representing the Bishop of Raphoe of 1 64 1 and his kinsman the 
Bishop of Limerick in 1756. 

(Page 210.) 

Nicholas Skiddv. — The Skiddys whose name is said to have 
been anciently Scudamore appear to have been settled in Cork and 
Kerry from the thirteenth or fourteenth century. They were Jus- 
tices and Seneschals under the Desmond Earls. 

The Rice Family. — Smith says that the Rices came to Eng- 
land in Elizabeth's reign, but this is an evident mistake and may- 
have arisen out of the not very generally known fact that the 
English colonists of Ireland long before the sixteenth century were 
sometimes called undertakers. The Rices were probably amongst 
the very first settlers from the sister isle who came to Baganbun in 
Il69 } with Robert Fitz Stephen when at the entreaty of .Mac Mur- 
rogh, Rhys Ap Gryffith prince of South Wales, released the Norman 
knight from prison and permitted him to lead four hundred Welsh, 
Flemish and Anglo-Norman soldiers to Ireland. In 1294 John 
Rice was Lord Treasurer of Ireland and in Waterford and Cork 
various members of the family were Provosts, Mayors and Merchants 
in the times when merchants were, if not princes, at least the chosen 
friends, ambassadors and frequently the bravest knights in the armies 
of princes. James Rice, Mayor of Waterford in 1469, erected a 
beautiful chapel in the Cathedral of that city where he and his wife 
Helen Brown were afterwards buried. Sir Nicholas White's jour- 
nal mentions the Rices as amongst the chief burgesses of Dingle in 
15S0, when Piers Rice was proprietor of the "perry castel " [v. p. 
149,) built to receive, as White thought, James Fitzmaurice on his 
landing. In 1592 Dominick Rice of Dingle died leaving a son and 
heir, who had livery of his father's estates in 1603. Stephen Rice 
was member for Kerry in 161 3, and James and Dominick Rice were 
returned for the borough of Dingle in 1634. The names of twenty- 
five of the family, five bearing the Christian name of Dominick and 
three being styled Fitz Dominick (not always after the Norman 
fashion but often through a modification of its peculiar to the old 
Anglo-Irish Catholics who placed their children thus under the 
patronage of a saint hence Fitz Dominic, Fitz Joseph &c.) appear 
as claimants for lands after the Restoration. Thirteen Rices were 
adjudged '' innocent " Papists, one being a widow and another a 
spinster. Christian and John Rice who appear to have been 
amongst the " transplanted " had a confirmatory grant of S76 acres 
in Clare after the Restoration. Stephen Rice the County member 
of 1 01 3 died in 1622. His tomb was to be seen a few years since 

28 Appendix. 

in Dingle Churchyard hearing the inscription: — ''Stephen Rice 
lies here late Knight of Parliament a happy life for fourscore yearns 
full virtuously he spente, His loyal wife Helena Trant who died five 
years hefore lies here also. Lord grant them life for evermore." The 
funeral Certificate of James Rice son and heir of Stephen and 
Helena is amongst the MSS. in the British Museum. It is as 
follows : — " James Ryse of Dinglicoush in the co. of Kerrie gent 
son and heir of Stephen Ryse of the same, gent, md 1st Elinor dau 
of Robert White of Lymerick Esq. by whom he had issue three 
sons and one dau, viz, Robert his heir md Joan dau of Nicholas 
Skiddy of Dinglicoush aforesaid gent, Andrew and Nicholas yet 
unmarried, Elinor md John Creagh of Limerick, merchant. The 
said James md 2dly Fyllis, dau of Edward Fanning of Lymerick, 
by whom he had five sons and two daus ; Bartholomew, 
Stephen, James, Anthony and Thomas, Mary and Katherine. The 
said James died at Dinglicoush Feb 1 " y e 20th 1636 and was interred 
in the Church there. The truth of these premises is testifyed by 
y p subscription of the aforesaid Andrew Ryse who returned this 
certificate to be recorded in this Office of Ulster King at Arms this 
8th of April, 1636." D'Alton in his Illustrations of King James's 
Army List says that James Rice whom he calls the "third of the 
eight sons of James and Phillis Fanning succeeded by survivorship to 
the family estate" and that his son Edward md Alice Shiercliffe and 
was M.P. for Dingle in 16S9. From the foregoing certificate signed 
by the son of James Rice the husband of Phillis Fanning, it is evident 
he had only five sons by that lady and that the second of them, 
Stephen, whom D'Alton says was James the Second's Privy Coun- 
cillor and Chief Baron, would have inherited his father's estates 
1 efore James his younger brother could have done so. Unless there 
was good contemporary evidence adduced to the contrary I should 
say that it was extremely unlikely that the four elder sons of James 
Ryse died s.f. but even if they did so, according to the Funeral 
Certificate the next heir would clearly be Stephen, and not James 
whom D'Alton and I believe Kerry tradition makes the representa- 
tive of the family. Sir Stephen Rice notwithstanding the active 
part he took in James the Second's government retained considerable 
property after the Revolution. He died in 1 714 and was interred 
under a fine monument in St. James's Church Dublin with his coat 
armour sculptured on its west end and an inscription on the east. 
Hemd Mary Fitzgerald of Ballyhane, Co. Limerick (the grand dau of 
Sir Valentine Brown of Hospital) and left three sons Edward, 
James and Thomas and a dau md to James Daly. His eldest son 
Edward, conformed to Protestantism and md the dau of Lord Howth, 
by whom he left an onlv child Mary, md 1st to Colonel Degge, 
2<lly to Judge Arthur Blennerhassett, (mentioned at p. 38, ) and 
3(lly Dominick Trant of Dunkettle but left issue only by her fust 
husband a dau. James, 2d son of Sir Stephen, therefore sue- 

Appendix, 329 

ceeded to the family estates in Kildare, Tipperary and Kerry, lie 
md Susanna dau of Sir II. O'Brien and died leaving two sons, the 
elder of whom Stephen succeeded at Mount Rice and md the dan of 
Joshua Meredith {v. Archdall's Peerage.) Thomas Rice the third 
son of Sir Stephen is said by good genealogists to have been the 
ancestor of the Rt. Hon. Lord Monteagle v. ante p. 316, but others 
assert that this nobleman was the grandson of Thomas Rice of 
Cappagh, son of Stephen Rice of Ballycummeen near Dingle, a cousin 
of King James's Privy Councillor. The former account seems to me 
to be the most worthy of credit, but the point is not a very material 
one, it is quite certain that all the Rices around Dingle and the 
branch which according to Smith held estates in Clanmaurice and 
Trughenackmy in 161 2, were all kinsmen of the same old stock. 
Edward Rice M.P. for Dingle in 16S9 said by D'Alton to have been 
the son of the heir of the M.P. for Kerry in 1613, md as mentioned 
at p S3, Alice Shiercliffe, daughter of Thomas Shiercliffe and 
Martha Walker, from who<=e uncle descended the respected family of 
Walker of I^aharren co. Kerry. Alice and Martha Shiercliffe 'ob- 
tained a decree at Chichester House in 1701, restoring them to the 
lands in the county Cork referred to at p. 64. Edward Rice and 
Alice Shiercliffe left four daus, of whom Christian md Edward Con- 
way nephew of Thomas mentioned at p. 237, and Mar)' md Richard 
Blennerhassett mentioned at p. 46. From the former marriage 
descends in the female line, John Hurly of Fenit House near 
Tralee. and from the latter Dr. Edward Blennerhassett of Valentia, 
the family of the late Francis Walker of Laharren, and that o'f 
Edward Supple Eagar. Thus the blood of the Rices of Dingle is 
widely distributed throughout the county, amongst their descendants 
in the female line are the Hurlys, Blennerhassetts, Walkers, the 
present Mrs. Richard Ellis of Gienascrone and her sisters and many 
others whom for want of space I am unable to mention here. 

(Page 211.) 

.John Carrick, etc.— John Carrick or Carrique. the name * 
variously spelt in old records, was a Cromwellian Commissioner for 
surveying forfeited lands in Corcaguiny. His descendant in the last 
century md Rose sister of the last Ponsonby owner of Crotto, and 
inherited that estate assuming at the same time'the name of Ponsonby. 
The present Rowland Ponsonby Blennerhassett M.P. for Kerry is the 
lineal descendant in the female line of this marriage. Henry Pon- 
sonby and his brother Sir John ancestor to Lord Besborough) came 
to Ireland as officers in Cromwell's army. They claimed descent 
from the Lords of the Manor of Ponsonby in Cumberland. Henry 
Ponsonby obtained a confirmatory grant of Crotto or Stackstown 
and other lands in Kerry under the Acts of Settlement ami Expla- 

330 Appendix. 

(Page 215.) 

MELCHIOR Levallyn or Levallin. — He was the descendant 
of an old English family settled in Meath (where they intermarried 
with the Nugents) and in Cork from Plantagenct times. In 1641 
the Levallins of Cork were amongst the Irish Protestants who sided 
with the king. They were ordered to transplant into Connaught in 
1650, but on their refusal to do so, on the ground that their lives 
would not be safe amongst the transplanted Catholics, Cromwell 
allowed them and several other Protestant loyalists to remain in the 
county Cork, in a district at a certain distance from any walled town 
or seaport. Here they again regained something of their former good 
position and intermarried with the family of Lord Kemnare. Captain 
Peter Levallin was an officer in Carroll's dragoons and Patrick 
Levallin an Ensign in Lord Mountcashell's Infantry in 168S. They 
were both attainted in 1691, the former being described as of 
VVaterstown, co. Cork, was probably the son or brother of the 
Melchior above mentioned who according to Smith's Kerry (p. 42,) 
was also of Waterstown and had md the grandau of Sir Valentine 
Browne. Patrick Levallin is styled of Roharragh co. Cork. In the 
last century Sarah, dau and co-heiress of Phillip Levallin, of Cork, 
md Henry I'uxley the descendant of a Cromwellian officer and had 
issue John Levallin Puxley D.L. for Carmarthenshire who md and 
had John Levallin, md to Frances Rose dau of S. White of Glen- 
gariff Castle and niece of Richard Earl of Bantry by whom he had 
with other issue, a son, the present Henry Levallin Puxley of Dun- 
buy Castle, county Cork, and Leitherlethe. Caermarthen. He md 
Katherine dau of Rev. William Waller of Castletown co. Limerick, 
and has issue a son and heir. 

(Pages 221, 227.) 

John Lyxe. — The name in modern times has been Anglicised 
to Lyons, Lyne and Leyne but O'Heerin in his Topography before 
quoted (?'. p. 155) says of this ancient Irish Sept 

" O'Laoghain a warrior of great fame 
We found him over Hy-Eearba " 

a district the limits of which according to O'Donovan are now 
unknown. Mr. Henessy however tells me it was a portion of the 
south-east of Trughenackmy and another correspondent identifies it 
with the lands around a place called in modern times larba, in the 
barony of Magunihy. But for those suggestions from good authorities 
I should have been inclined to think Hy Fearba was the same 
district mentioned in a copy of the Elizabethan survey of Desmond's 
Palatinate and in earlier En-dUli documents as the Cantred of Offeriba 

Appendix. 331 

or Arbowe which comprised the castle and lands of Listrim ant 
Ballinoe {v. p. 252). It is certain that the Leyne.s held lands in 
Clanmaurice, as well as in Magonihy and Glanerought, in modern 
times, but Hy Fearba would seem to have been their fir.->t home in 
Kerry. The chief representative of the name in the county at the 
beginning of the present century was an eminent physician and 
accomplished scholar Maurice Leyne, M.D. who married Agnes 
Ruth Herbert Mac Gillicuddy daughter of the Mac Gillicuddy of the 
Reeks by Catherine Chute of Chute Hall and had four sons viz : 
Richard, Maurice B. L. of Dublin died unmd in 1S65, Jeremiah M.D. 
of Tralee, James died unmd in 1S19, and four daus, Catherine md 
John Spotswood and had issue, Agnes md Thomas Day son of Rev. 
John Day of Miltown by Charlotte dau of Sir Barry Denny Bart 
and had issue, Charity md Captain S. Collis R.X. and died s.p. and 
Elizabeth md Thomas Hannigan and had issue. Richard Leyne, 
eldest son of Maurice by Agnes Mc Gillicuddy, was a Captain in the 
73d and afterwards in the 58th regt. He md Elizabeth dau of 
James O'Connor of Tralee (father of James O'Connor S.C.S. of 
Kerry in 1S72, and of the Baron O'Connor, Colonel in the Austrian 
army mentioned at p. 249. who claim descent from a junior branch 
of the O'Connors Kerry) and had by her with other children, 
Maurice (who md and dying in 1S54 left an only child Maurice), 
Richard, James a Major in the 59th regt. unattached, Jeremiah md 
and has issue : O'Conneli, Richard. John Gerald and Charles Joseph. 
Jeremiah Leyne, M.D., third son of Maurice by Agnes Mac Gillicuddy 
md first Mary dau of Robert Christopher Hick -on of Fermoyle and 
Tralee and had an only child Man." md to Thomas Stewart ; he 
md 2dly Margaret widow of the Rev. James Chute, Rector of 

(Page 224.) 


Archdall's Lodge and Collin's Peerage (eds. 1779 and 1754) the foun- 
der of this branch was John fifth Lord Kerr)-, who md Elinor Pierse of 
Ballymacequim. The same genealogists say that the Pierces ot 
Minegahane, Croshnishane. and Ballymacequim, are descended from 
Pierce Eitzmaurice, younger son of Thomas Fitzmaurice, 1st Lord 
of Kerry, son of Maurice (the son of Raymond Le Gro.->, by Joanna 
dau of Meiler Fitz Henry. The posterity of Pierce Fitzmaurice 
assumed the surname of Pierse in the reign of Elizabeth. Ulick 
Fitzmaurice of Duaghnafeely obtained a confirmatory grant of the 
family estates after the Restoration. His son James was attainted 
in 1691 and it is said that his lands were actually sold to the Hollow 
Sword Blade Company, ami resold by them to Francis Edwards of 
London. Either in consequence of the English Act I & 2 Anne, or 
of the Irish Act concerning the plus lands, pa^ed in 1703 (:'. Mr. 

332 Appendix. 

Hardinge's Memoir of Mapped Surveys of Ireland mentioned at p. 
201), this sale was broken in favour of Anne Fitzmaurice, widow, 

who produced a deed made previous to the attainder settling the 
lands of Duagh on her grandson Garrett a minor (p. 224). The 
eldest son of this Garrett was Ulick who md Tryphena Ulenner- 
hassett (?'. p. 45) and was the direct ancestor of Maurice Fitzmaurice 
now of Duagh, of the Rev. George Fitzmaurice, now of Bedford 
House, Listowel, of Ulysses Fitzmaurice M.D. of Listowel and their 
brothers and sisters. The Fitz Henrys from whom Thomas, fust 
Lord Kerry, was maternally descended were amongst the earliest 
settlers in Kerry. King John granted to Meiler Fitzhenry the 
cantreds of Offeriba, Aicme Ciarrighe and a district called in the old 
grant Onaghtlokehelean, probably the country of the Eoghannacht 
of Loch Lein around the present Killarney. Amongst the Carew 
MSS. there is a record of a grant in the second year of Edward VI. 
from "Sabina Mac Learny to James, Erie of De>mond of the Greate 
Castell of Tralighe." The name of Fitz Henry was sometimes hi- 
bernicised to Mac Henry and Mac Learny seems only a misspelling 
of the latter. The annals of the house of Fitzmaurice are tempting 
subjects to the lover of history and genealogy but a volume would be 
required to do them justice. All that Thomas Davis has said of their 
kinsmen the Geraldines, applies quite as fitly to the clan Maurice and 
their chiefs the " long descended lords" of Kerry. 

(Page 259.) 

Inscription at Dunkerron Castle. — Sir George Carew gives 
the descendants of this Owen and Shyly who were his contemporaries 
as follows : — " Owen O'Sullivan Mor md Shylie Mac Donogh Mac 
Carthy Reogh and had Shylie md Thomas O'Konogher and Doneil 
O'Sullivan Mor who md 1st, Honora Fitzgibbon dau of the White 
Knight, by whom he had no children, he md 2dly Joan, dau of the 
Lord of Lixnawe. The brothers of Owen, husband of Shylie, were, 
I Desmond tanist to his brother md dau of Mac Carthy Reogh, 2 
Buogh md dau of O'Dunovan, 4 Conogher md Honora dau ol the 
Knight of the Valley, 5 Doneil md dau of Dermot O'Leyne and 
widow of the Mac Gillicuddye. '" Thus the O'Leynes and Mac 
Gillicuddys were connected at a very early period. This marriage is 
nut recorded in Dr. Brady's Mac Gillicuddy Papers but it is certain 
to have taken place since we find it mentioned in the Carew MSS. 
Codex, 625. Sir G. Carew also states the O'Sullivan forces thus,— 
"O'Sulleyvan Beare 30 companies; Owen O'Sullivan's sons in 
Pantry So ; Mac Fineen Pulie 30 in Beare and Glaneroght ; Clan 
Lawra 30 in beare and Pantry ; The Coubrey (?) 40 in Beare ; 
O'Sulleyvan More iio in Dunkerron ; Mnc Gillicudde ICO in 
Dunkerron ; Mae Crohan 40111 lvcraghe. The writer already quoted 
[r. p. 324 in the Fgerton MSS. says: — "The O'Sullivans \seie a 

Apfendix. 333 

much more considerable Irish Sept than the O'Donoghues and pos- 
sessed as lar^e or nearly as lar^e a portion of Lough Lene and Lough 
Barnasnaugh (Lower and Upper Lakes of Killamey) as O'Donoghue 
and did not forfeit until after 1641. The O'SuIlivans as well as the 
O'Donoghues were vassals of Mac Carthy Mor. O'Sullivan Mor 
was Chief of his Sept, junior branches were O'Sullivan Bear, Mae 
Fineen Duffe, Mac Gillacuddye and O'Sughrues," (Egerton MSS. 
616.) According to a note in O'Donovan's Four Masters the caslles 
of Cappanacushy and Dunkerron were built by Carew, and Killorglin 
Molahiffe and Castlemagne by Maurice Fitzgerald. 

County Kerry Families Descended from 
J en kin Conway. 

Passing over the chief branches of the Blennerhassetts whose de- 
scents have been already given and are repeated from year to year in 
the " Landed Gentry and Baronetage " of Sir Bernard Burke I select a 
few, from many families not less worthy and honourable, whom I am 
reluctantly obliged for the present to omit noticing. 

The Rowans of Belmont. — Jenkin Conway md Mary Herbert 
and had Elizabeth Conway md Arthur Blennerhasset who md Mary 
Fitzgerald of Ballynard, (co. Limerick) and had Thomas Blenner- 
hassett who md his cousin Ruth Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy and 
had Mary Blennerhassett who md George Rowan and had a younger 
son George Rowan who md * * * * Chute and had George Rowan 
who md Mary Gorham and had a younger son William Rowan who 
md Letitia dau of Sir Barry Denny Bart, and had Arthur Blenner- 
hasset Rowan D. D. Archdeacon of Ardfert who md Alicia Thompson 
and had William Rowan now of Belmont. 

The Elliots ok Taxavalla. — Jenkin Conway md Mary 
Herbert and had Eliz. Conway who md Robt. Blennerhassett and had 
John Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy who md Martha Lyn and had 
Thomas Blennerhassett who md Ellen Stoughton (grandau of Lord 
Inchiquin) and had Margaret Blennerhassett who married Lancelot 
Glanville and had Ellen Clanville who md Alexdr. Elliot and had 
Alexdr. Elliot who md Mary Chute of O'Brenan and had Alexdr. 
who md Mary Hewson and had Thomas; Elliot who md Ruth Chute 
and had Alexander Elliot now ol Tanavalla who md * * * * Brown 
and has an only dau Mary. 

334 Appendix. 

The Days formerly of the Manor.— Jenfcin Conway md 

Mary Herbert and had Elisabeth who md Robt. Blennerhassett and 
had John Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy who md Martha Lyn and had 
Robt. who md Alice Conway (grt. grd. dau of fenkin Conway and 
co-heiress of Killorglin) and had John Blennerhassett who md 

Elizabeth Cross and had Anne Blennerhassett who md the Mac 
Gilhcuddy of the Reeks and had a son and heir who md Cath e Chute 
and had Agne-> who md Maurice Levne and had Agnes who md 
Ihomas Day (-on of the Rev. John Dav of the Manor and of 
Mdtown by Charlotte dau of Sir Barry Denny Bart) and had Maurice 
Denny Day late of the 17th Hussars. 

The Hilliards and Lawlors.— Jenkin .Conway md Marv 
Herbert and had Jenkin who md Avice Dalton and had 'Edward who 
md Katherine Ryeves and had Avice co-heire>s of Killorglin who 
md Robert Blennerhassett and had Catherine who md Richard Mac 
Loughlin and had Avice Mac Loughlin who md John Mason and had 
Barbara Mason who md William Hilliard and had Robert Hilliard 
who md Mary Ilewson and had William who md Margaret Herbert 
and had William Hilliard now of Cahirdee near Tralee Bastable 
Herbert Hilliard, and other children. 

Robert Hilliard and Mary Hewson had also a dau Catherine who 
md J. Eawlor and had five sons, Robert died unmd, Michael now of 
Iralee md Lucy dau of David Murphy: William M.D. of Tralee md 
Elmslie dau of Captain Roy : John manager of the Provincial Bank 
Ballymena. md and had issue. Edward md his cousin Ellen Lav.Jor 
and has two daus. 

The Fuller Family.— Jenkin Conway md Mary Herbert and 
had Hit md Robert Blennerhassett and had John (of Ballyseedy) 
md Martha Lyn and had Robt. md Avice Conway co-heiress of 
Killorglin and had John md Eliz. Cross and had Edward Blenner- 
hassett md {v. p. 43) Mary Fitzgerald and had Tohn Blennerhassett 
md Louisa Goddard and had Elizabeth Blennerhassett who md 
Capt. Edward Fuller (great-great-grandson of Rev. Thos. Fuller* 
by Hon. Mary Roper dau of Lord Baltinglass and sister of Lady 
Denny) and had Thomas Harnett Fuller who md Frances Diana 
Bland and had James Franklin Fuller who md Helen dau of John 
Prosper Guivier and has issue. 

Captain Edward Fuller and Elizabeth Blennerhassett had also two 
daus,— Bessie md to Sir Arthur Helps K.C.B. Clerk of the Privy 
Council author of the " Spanish Conquest of America," "Friends in 

Council " &c. and Anne md to the Yen. X. Bland Archdeacon of 

The Ellises of Glenascrone. — Avice Conway (great-granddau 
and heiress of Jenkin Conway) md Robert Blennerhassett and had 

Nephew of Wm. Fuller, Bishop of Limerick, a.d. 1C63. 

Appendix, 335 

Catherine md Rd MacLoughlin and had Avice MacLoughlin who 
md John Mason and had Barbara Mason who md William Hilliard 
and had Mary Hilliard who md Major Richard Ellis and had 
Richard Ellis, Master in Chancery and M.P. for Trinity College, 
Dublin, who md * * * * Monsell of Tervoe and had Richard Ellis 
now of Glenascrone Abbeyfeale who md 1st * * * * arK [ nac J j ssue 
and 2dly * * * * and had issue and 3dly Louisa dau of Edward 
Eagar by Theodora dau of Richard Blennerhassett and Hon. Eliza 
De Moleyns dau. of Lord Ventry. 

The Family of John Henry Blennerhassett, formerly 
of Tralee. Jenkin Conway md Mary Herbert and had Eliza- 
beth Conway md Robt. Blennerhassett and had John Blenner- 
hassett of Ballvseedy md Martha Lyn and had Robt. md Avice 
Conway co-heiress of Killorglin and had Henry Blennerhassett who 
md Dorcas Crumpe and had Samuel who md Catherine dau of 
Archdeacon Connor of Ardfert and had Henry Blennerhassett who 
md Mary Poujade and had John Henry above mentioned who md 
1st Elizabeth O'Connell dau of John O'Connell of Riltannon near 
Rathkealeand had an only child md to Rowland Tallis Eaqar : John 
Henry Blennerhassett md 2dly Veronica Montgomery andliad issue 
four daus— I, Veronica md John Grey Porter Atthill, Chief Justice 
in St. Lucia, Henrietta md G. X. Woolley of Buckden, Huntingdon- 
shire, Elizabeth md Hon. John Thicknesse Touchet second son of 
the nineteenth Baron Audley, and Anna Sarah md F. G. Tinkler 
of Dublin and has with other children a dau. md to Gordon Arch- 
dall M.D. Bolton Row, May Fair, London. 

The O'Connells of Darrinane, Lakeyiew and formerly 
OF Grenagh. — Jenkin Conway md Mary Herbert and had Alice 
Conway who md Edmund Roe and had an only child and heire-s 
Elizabeth Roe who md Captain James Conway and had a younger 
son Christopher who md Joan Roche of Dundine grandau of Colonel 
Donogh Mac Carthy of Drishane (who was great-great-graixbon of 
James Fitzmaurice of Desmond the Pope's General son 'of Maurish 
Dhuv Mac an Earla v. p. 102. or Maurish aTothane)* and had Eliza- 
beth Conway who md John O'Connell of Derrinane and had Daniel 
who md Man,- O'Donoghue and had Morgan of Carhen who md 
Catherine O'Mullane and had with other children 1. Daniel 
M.P. and Q.C. the distinguished politician, 2 John of Grenagh 
House, Killarney, and 3 Sir James O'Connell, Bart, now of Lake- 
view [v. Burke's Landed Gentry and Baronetage of the United 

The children of the late Daniel O'Connell M.P. are also de- 
scended maternally from the Conways and Blennerhassetts thus : 

Thomas Blennerhassett (mentioned at p. 44,) second son of Robert 
* Maurish a Totkane i.e Maurice the Firebrand. 

33 6 Appendix. 

Blennerhassett by Avice Conway co-heiress of the Seignory of 

Killorglin md Jane Darby and had Jane who md as mentioned at 
p. 45, Maurice Conned and had Thomas M.I). o( Traiee who md 
Ellen dau of David Tuohy of Traiee and had Mary who md Daniel 
O'Connell M.P. of Dcrrinane above mentioned. 

The Days of formerly of Kn.oonr.iN. — Tenkin 
Conway md Mary Herbert and had Elizabeth who md Robert 
Blennerhassett and had John Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy who md 
Martha Lyn and had John Blennerhassett of Ballyseedy who md 
Elizabeth Denny and had an only dau Ruth Blennerhassett who md 
her cousin Thomas Blennerha-sett (v. p. 3S) and had Mary who md 
George Rowan and had John Rowan who md Sarah Leslie (v. p. 
38) and had Mary Rowan who md Rev. Edward Day, uncle of 
Judge Day, and had Rev. James Day, rector of Traiee, who md 
Margaret Mac Gillicuddy and had with other children a son Rev. 
Edward Day, rector of Kilgobbin, md Deborah Curry and had issue: 
and a dau Sarah md John James Hickson and had issue. 

The Hickson's of Tralee formerly of Hillville. — Jenkin 
Conway md Mary Herbert and had Jenkin who md Avice Dalton 
and had Edward who md Catherine Ryeves and had Alice (co-heiress 
with her sister Avice of the Seignory of Killorglin) who md Patrick 
Dowdall and had Katherine Dowdall who md Patrick Peppard and 
had Constance Peppard who md Morgan O'Connell of Kiltannon 
co. Limerick and had John O'Connell who md Avice Hilliard and 
had Mary O'Connell who md James Hickson and had a son John 
James Hickson above mentioned who md Sarah Day and a dau 
Maria md YVm. Busteed and had John Wm. Busteed M.D. now of 
Castle Gregory. 

Avice Conway (sister and co-heiress with Alice wife of Patk. 
Dowdall) md Robert Blennerhassett and had Catherine md Richard 
Mac Loughlin and had Avice md John Mason and had Barbara 
Mason who md William Hilliard and had Avice Hilliard md John 
O'Connell and had Mary O'Connell above mentioned wife of James 

Raymond West, Judge in the Bombay Presidency. — 
Thomas Blennerhassett (third son of John of Ballyseedy by Martha 
Lyn and grandson of Robert Blennerhassett and Elizabeth Conwav) 
settled at Littur in north Kerry. He md Ellen dau of Anthony 
Stoughton of Rattoo by Dame Honora O'Brien (dau of Lord Inchi- 
quin and great grand dau of James Fitzmaurice of Desmond, the 
Pope's General, son of Maurice Dhuv Mac an Earlal and had a dau 
Elizabeth Blennerhassett who md Captain Arthur O'Lavery and had 
a dau Ellen who md Samuel Raymond of Ballyloughrane and had 
Samuel who md Frances dau of John Harnett of Ballyhenry and had 
with other children Richard Raymond who md Annabella Giles and 

Appendix. . 337 

had Fanny who md Frederick Henry West and had the above 
mentioned Raymond West, Judge in India, who md Clementina 
Ferguson Chute only dau of William Maunsell Chute (younger son 
of Richard Chute of Chute Hall) and Sarah Anne dau of the Rev. 
Kdward Nash of Ballycarthy, co. Kerry, by his wife Clementina 
dau of * * * * Ferguson of the Craigdarroch family, N.B. 

The following also claim descent from the Conways and Blenner- 
hassetts— the Right Rev. the Ford Bishop of Cashel and his brother 
the Very Rev. the Dean of Ardfert sons of Rev. John Dav rector of 
Kdtaliagh (grandson of Rev. John Day and Fucy dau of Maurice 
Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry and nephew of Judge Dav,) by Arabella 
dau of Sir Wm. Godfrey Bart, and Agnes Blennerhassett of Bally- 
seedy— the Butlers of Waterville descended paternally from Sir 
Walter Butler of Kilcash nephew of Thomas the ioih Karl of 
Ormond [v. p. 2S9)— the Fagars of Ardrinane now represented by the 
Rev. Thomas Fagar, Rector of Ashton Under Fyne, the Fagars 
of Clifton Fodge represented by Fusebius Mac Gillicuddy Fagar 
of Clifton Fodge Killorghlin, the Fagars of Baliymalis now repre- 
sented by the Rev. Robert Eagar Rector of Br'osna md to Dora 
Chute dau of Wm. J. Neligan Denny street, Tralee (by his wife 
Dora, dau of Richard Chute of Chute Hall)— the Fagars of 
Grommore represented by F. A. Fagar, Xormanton House Sandy- 
mount, Dublin, the Crumpes, Sealys, Raes, Thompsons, Guns of 
Rattoo, etc. 

Barbara Mason and William Hilliard of Listrim (mentioned at 
P-, 335») na d als o a dau Catherine who md William Busteed and had 
with other children George Washington Busteed father of the Hon. 
Judge Richard Busteed, Alabama, U.S. and John who md and had 
three daus. 

Watson and HazcJI, Primers, London and Aylesbury.