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Full text of "Semi-centennial of the city of Manchester, New Hampshire, September 6, 7, 8, 9, 1896"




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SEPT. 6,7,8,9, 



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Class _Eii4 

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COPnUGHT DEPOStn 




SEMI-CENTENNIAL 



OF THE 



CITY OF MANCHESTER 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 



SEPTEMBER 6, 7, 8, 9 



1896 



COMPILED BY HERBERT W. EASTMAN 

UNDER DIRECTION OF 

HON. W.LLIAM C. CLARKE, Mayor 

HON. EDGAR J. KNOWLTON 

EDWARD J. BURNHAM 

Committee on Publication 



TWO COPIES RECElVEl 



.MANCHESTER, N. H. 

Printed by The John B. Clarke Company 

189 7 



Co^i- 




DEC 2 1897 



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August ;5, 181K, lliu following rosolulioii \v;i< [insscd hy the (.-ity goviTTinU'iit: 

CITY ()!•' .M.\\( IIKSTKl;. 

In Board oi- < ommon (or\fir.. 

Ordcml, If tlie Bo;irtl of Mayor ami Aldermen concur. That the mayor and joint 
standing' committee on finance be and tliey are liercl)y authorized to expend a sum 
not exceeding six hundred dollars ($600) in aid of the |)ul)li<-ation of a Semi-Centeunial 
history of the city of Manchester, now in ijroeess of compilation l)y Herbert \V. Eastman, 
under the direction of the special committee appointed li\ the autliority of tlie last city 
councils, which had in charge the recent Semi-Centennial <-cleljration; the expense to be 
charged to the special appropriation for Semi-Centennial history. 
In Board of Conunoii ( oiiiicil, passed. 

CICOKCl'; T.. i;(l(.i:i;.S, I-rrsiilmt. 
(ilOOUCK I,. STKAJIXS, fhrk. 
In Board of Mayor and .MdeiNHiri, passed in concMrrence. 

\VII,I,r.\M C. CLAKKi;, Manor. 
i:i)\vai;d c. smith, aiy rurlc. 



l'o|iyrii;ht, ISilT. 

hy llKlMtKRT W. K.\STMAN'. 



MANCHESTER. 



U 



now THE TOWN BECAME INCORPORATED A CITY IN 1846. 

Manchester, as a city, came into existence in a year of great excitement and 
unrest. War with Mexico had been declared, and Palo Alto and Eesaca de la Palma 
had already been fought, while the echoes of the cannon of Monterey furnished the 
grim accompaniment to the first session of its councils. In our own state, factional 
discord was at its worst, and Anthony Colby, failing of election by the people, had 
been chosen governor by the legislature, through a coalition of the Whigs and Free 
Sellers. At the March town meeting of that yea^ 184G, Manchester having then a 
^population of more than 10,000, and being entitled to eight representatives in the 
general court, a committee was chosen to petition the legislature for a city charter. 
This committee consisted of David Gillis, Samuel D. Bell, Isaac Eiddle, AVilliam C. 
Clarke, John A. Burnham, Luther Farley, and Walter French. 

The legislature assemljled in Concord on Wednesday, June 3, 1846. ifanches- 
ter's representatives in the house were Herman Foster, Jacob F. James, J. W. Mowry, 
Ira W. Moore, Daniel Clark, Daniel Savage, Eben C. Foster, and Edwin Baldwin. Of 
the twelve senatorial districts into which the state was then divided, only five had 
chosen senators by popular vote. The legislature, in joint convention, filled the 
vacancy in district No. 3 by the election of James U. Parker of Manchester, brother of 
Nathan Parker, and with him the founder of the Manchester bank. Mr. Parker was 
subsequently elected president of the senate. Jolin P. Hale was chosen speaker of the 
house. It was not until Friday, June .5, that .James I^^. Parker, in convention, 
declared His Excellency Anthony Colby governor of the state of New Hampshire for 
the ensuing year, and Governor Colby delivered his inaugural address, in v,-hich he 
devoted thirty lines to the question of slavery, and ten lines to the war with Mexico. 
Men afterwards conspicuous in New Hami)shire his+ory were members fif the liouse 
that year. There were John P. Hale, the speaker; Daniel M. Christie, chairman of 
the judiciary committee; Daniel Clai'k. ehaii'inan of committee on agriculture and 
nianuf'aetures; George A\^ Nesmith, chairman of committee on incorporations; 
Gihnan Marston, chairman of bills on second reading; George G. Fogg, Kuel Durkee, 
Aaron V. Sawyer, and othei's who later figured in \\-ar or peace. 

On Tuesday, June 9, 1816, Daniel Clark (if Manchester presented the petition 
of "the town of JIanchester"' for a city chart «■. l^o such petition had ever jjefore 
been presented in a New Ham]isliire legislature. It was ordered that it be referred 
to the committee on towns and parishes. It would appear that there was a change 
in the committee to which it was referred, however, for, on June 18, Mr. Christie, 




HON. DANIEL CLARK. 



Wtio int'oductd thr bill to incorporate the City of Manchester, June 9, 1846. 
Died Jan. 2, 1691. 



FIRST CITY KLECTION. / 

I'riiiii t he j\i(]iciiirv ciiiiiiiiittic, iri;i(lc ii i-c|M)rl ii|i(in llir |ictilinii of tlic town of ifan- 
<lu'-ti'r, wlicrc'ujjoii it \va« iVKolvcd "tliat the iietitioiicfs have leave to liriiiir in a l)ill.'" 
Jn the al'teriioon of the name day, -Mr. Clark, '"afrreeahly to the re])ort of tlie eoin- 
initlre," iiit roiliiceil a hill \(i )ii(or|ioratc Mniichester as a eity. It was ordered that 
the hill he laid iii»)ii the tahle, and that tiie elci-k he dii-eeted to iiroeure .'J-'iO printed 
<-o]>ies for the use of the house. On Friday, .lime ■ili, ^Ir. Nesinith. from the 
c-Dinniittee on ineoriiorations, to whom «as icfci-riMl tin- hill ent it Ird "An art to 
^stalilish the eity of JIanehestcr,'" reported a hill with an amendment. 'I'he hill was 
read a seeond time, and the amendment adopted. On motion of Jlr. Clark, the bill 
wa.s laid on the table. 

On Monday, June 30, on motion of .Mr. Clark, the house resumed consideration 
<i( the hill incorporating the eity of Manchester. .Mr. Clark jiroposcd "sundry 
;imendments," which were adopted. Jlr. Herman Foster moved "other amend- 
ments," which were ado]>ted, and it was "ordered that the bill lie read a third time 
tomorrow afternoon, at 3 o'clock." Accordingly, on 'J'uosday, June ;iO, 1846, the 
hoiisi' passed "An act to establish the eity of ^lanchester." 

On Tuesday, July 7, a message was received from the senate, by its clerk, that 
the senate concurred with the house in the passage of "An act to establish the city 
of ilanchester," and on Friday, July 10, ]\Ir. Dearborn, from the committee on 
engrossed bills, reported that his committee had "carefully examined and found 
correctly engrossed" the act to establish the city of JIanchester. On the same day. 
Senator Kingsbury, from the committee on engrossed bills in the .senate, made a 
similar report, and, so far as the legislature was concerned, JIanchester was an 
incorporated city. 

On Saturday, August 1, IS-ifi, a town meeting was held to act on the question of 
accepting the act of incorporation. The vote stood 485 in favor of accepting the 
charter and 134 against it. 

riliST CITY ELECT lO.V. 

The first city election occurred August 10, 184G, when there were four 
candidates: Hiram Brown, Whig; William C. Clarke, Democrat: Thomas llrown. 
Abolition, and William Shepherd. There were ll'iO votes cast. Hiram Brown had 
569; Clarke, 442; Thomas Brown, lOG; Shepherd, 42, and there was no choice. 

The second election for mayor took place September 1, 184C, when Hiram 
Brow-n had 602 votes; Isaac C. Flanders, Dem., 347; Thomas Brown, l(»i), and 51 were 
scattering. 

Hiram Brown was declared elected. 

The city government was organized in the city hall September 8, 184G, at 10 
A. M., in tlie presence of a large number of citizens. Moses Fellows, chairman of the 
retiring board of selectmen, presided, and prayer was offered by Rev. C. W. Wallace. 
Daniel Clark administered the oath of otlice to ilayor Brown. At that time the 
valuation of the city was $3,187,726; the tax list for 1846 was $22,005.95; number of 
polls, 2056, and the population, 10,125. 




HON. HIRAM BRo.'.-. 
FIRST MAYOR OF MANCHESTER. 




TOWN HOUSE. 
ERECTED IN 1641- BURNED AUG. 12. 1844. 



THE FIRST CITY GOVERNMENT. 



THE FIRST CITY GOVERXMEXT. 



The menil)ers of tlio city goviTiiiiient, ;is it wns organized on Se|)teinl)er 8, ]S4(), 
were: 

Mayor. — Hiram Brown. 

Aldermen. — Andrew Bunton, Jr., George Porter, William G. Means, David 
Gillis, TrueW'Orthy Blaisdell, Edward McQneston, Moses Fellows. 

Councilmen. — John S. Kidder, George W. Eaton, William Boyd, Hervey Tufts, 
Daniel J. Hoyt, James M. Morrill, Israel Endicott, Joel Russell, George P. Folsom, 
David Cross, Abram Brigham, William !M. Parker (president), Ebenezer Clark, Asa 
0. Colby, Nathaniel Herrick, William Potter, Jacob G. Cilley, Frederick A. Ilussey, 
Sewell Leavitt, William W. leaker, Kodnia Nutt. 




COL. JOHN S. KIDDER. HON. DAVID CROSS. WILLIAM BOYD. 

LIVING MEMBERS, FIRST CITY GOVERNMENT. 



City Clerk.— John S. T. Gushing. 

City Treasurer. — Thomas Hoyt. 

Clerk of Council. — David Hill. 

City Solicitor. — Daniel Clark. 

School Committee. — Archibald Starlc. Xatlianicl Wheat, .Joseiili Kiiov.ltoii, 
Moses Hill, James ilcColley, AV. W. lirowji, C. II. Kastniaii. 

City Marshal.— George T. Clark. 

Chief Engineer Fire Department. — A\'illiam C. Clarke. 

Overseers of the Poor. — Joseph M. Howell, B. F. Locke, Francis Peed, Ijevi 
Batclielder, Caleb Johnson, Flagg T. Underbill, James Emerson. 

Assessors. — Edward Hall, Ira J?allou, James Wallace, Charles Chase, l^ewis 
Bartlett, St ill man Fellows. James Hall, Jr. 



10 SEMI-CEXTENXIAI, OF .MA NTH ESTER, X. 11. 

i'i;i:i.i Mi\ \i;v. 

Oil .liiiiiuirv 2(1. 18!i.'i. Cdl. (ii'orgi' ('. (Jiliiiori', in llic fnlldU iiii;' ciiiiiinuiiicatini! 
to the "Maiu-lic-^tcr rninn." lir.^t called |nil)lic attention dI' tlio lct.M>lative delopitioii 
to the Semi-Centennial celebration of tiie incorporation of the city, the legislature 
being then in .scssiou. 

Editor of "'riic I'liioii"': I'liinit iiu'. Iliroiifrh llic coliiiiiTis of your |i.Tpor. to most 
respectfully call the attention of the city councils of .Manclicstcr. and its (leloiration in 
the leg-islatnrc. to the fact tliat .Inly 10, ISOti, is tlie fiftieth anniversary of the f^rantinj.' 
of its charter. And, in order to a))propriate money to eeh'hrate tlie occasion, it will 
become necessary to obtain leave at this session. The 4th and 10th of .Inly being so 
near together, it might, perhaps, be wise to celebrate them botli the 4th, and at Stark 
park. The charter Avas accepted .\ugust 1, 1S46. The vote for, 485; against, 134. The 
first election for niayoi- and city officers, August 19, 1846; no mayor was elected. The 
second trial for mayor occurred Sejitember 1, 1846, Hiram ]?rown l)eing elected. 
Although Jiot old enough to vote. I well recollect the excitement. One of tlie ballots was 
as follows: For mayor, .lohn Sullivan Wiggin, Victory or Death. There are at least 
three memlicrs of the first city government living: John S. Kidder. William Royd. and 
]lavid Cross, the others, so far as known. h:iving ])assed over the river. The city oflReers 
elected were qualified September s. 18411. 

Manchestek, .Tanuary L'.i, ls<).">. GIL. 

In his annual ri'iiort. .laiiuaiy 1 t. 1S!)(;, the sccrctarv of the Manchester lioanl 
of Trade said: 

This year marks the fiftielli aiiuivcrsarv of Alanchester iis a citx'. .-incl the city 
government has already begun prepamtions for a rousing Semi-Centenuial celel)ration. 
The mayor has appointed a c<uuiuittee from the board of aldermen and the common 
council, and will soon iiunounee a citizens' committee to act with them. The city 
authorities can be assured of the hearty co-operation of the Board of Trade in nuiking 
the celebration a red-letter event in the historv of the Queen City of New Hampshire. 
It has l)een suggested that the regular Merchants' Week be given up this year, and all 
the attractions possible be arranged for the Semi-Centennial week insteail. The growth 
of our city since 1846 has been reniarkabh". Who sh.ill |)rophecy as to what the Man- 
chester of I'MC, shall be? 

It is a matter of intense ]irid(' to tlie cili/ens of Araneliesfer that the suggestions 
of Colonel (iilniore and others li'd up to a niagniticent cclehration, which lasted four 
days, attracted thousands of visitors from all over Xew England, and even hoyond, 
and redonnilcil gi'catly to the credil of ^hinchrster, the Queen City of liie state. 

I.I:GI8LATIVE I'liOrKKUIXOS. 

On J-'ehrnary 21, ISti,"), Representative T. J. Howard of ^fanchester, for the 
eonimittee on judiciary, introduced into the house of re|Mesentatives the following 
hill: 

I'.e it enacted by the Senate and House of IJepresentatives in (leneral Court convened: 
Skctiox ]. The city of Manchester is hereby autliorized to appropriate a sum not 



CITY GOVERNMENT ACTION. 



11 



oxot'fdiny two tlioiisand (lolliirs, for the piirjiosc of fe)el)ratiii^'- thr fiftieth anniversary 
of the incorporation of the c-ity of Manchrstcr. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take etfeot on its |iassaf,'-e: and all acts and |)ails of acts 
inconsistent with this act are hereby repealcil. 

On Fobrtiary 22, tlic bill, on motion of Reprosentative F. 0. Clonicnt. ])asse(l tlie 
honse, and on Foliniary 27, on motion of Senator John P. Bartlott, it passed tlie 
senate. Feliruan' 28, it received tlie ap])roval of fiov. Charles A. Busieh 

CITY GOVEJfNJfEXT ACTION. 

On Noscnilier .">, 18!)-"), the eity c()\ci-niiicnt passed a resolution as fi)llo\vs: 

Tliaf a coniniittee consistinfj- of the niayni-. president of the council, three .■Udennen. 
and tlirec eounoihnen, be and herein- are appointed for the purpose of considering 
the matter of a celebration, in IStiC), of the semi-centennial anniversary of the establish- 
ment of the city of Manchester. Said committee to consider the time and form of such 
celebration, the estimated cost thereof, and to make a report with recommendations at 
.some sMbserpient meeting' of the city councils. 

The committee to act with ^fayor Clarke and President John T. Gott consisted 
of Aldermen Gardner K. r)rowninfc, Johann A. Graf, and Pichard J. Parry, and 
Conneilmen Xorris P. Colin-, John W. Wilson, and William Watts. 

On February 28, ISOfi, the city government passed a vote appropriating $2,000 
to defray the exj)enses oF the Seini-Centennial celel)ration. 




THE ARCH OVER ELM STREET. 
ILLUMINATED BY 400 ELECTRIC LIGHTS. 



12 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF JIANCUESTER, N. 11. 

MAYORS OF MANCHESTER. 

]j<l(;.n. — Iliraiii I'.niwii. Diwl Seiitcmber T. 1890. 

1847-48.— Jacob F. Janu-s. Died April 15, 1892. 

1848-49. — Jacob F. James. 

1849-50. — Warren L. Lane. Died March 4, 1861. 

1850-51.— Moses Fellows. Died September 25, 1879. 

1851-52. — Moses Fellows. 

1852-53.— Frederick Smyth. 

1853-54. — Frederick Smyth. 

1854-55.— Frederick Smyth. 

1855-56.— Theodore T. Abbott. Died March 30, 1887. 

1856-57.— Theodore T. Abbott. 

1857.— Jacob !■'. .lames. 

1858. — Alonzo Smith. Died April 17, 18G5. 

1859.— Edward W. Harrington. Died July 11, 1ST6. 

I860.— Edward A\'. Harrington.. 

1861.— David A. IJunton. Died Jnly 10,. 1890. 

1862.— David A. Bnnton. 

1863.— Theodore T. Abbott. 

1S64. — Frederick Smyth. 

1865. — Darwin J. Daniels. Di.il AuguM 15, 1865. 

1865-66.— John Hosley. Died :\Iarch 24, 1890. 

],S()7.— Joseph I'.. Chirk. Died (_)etober 22, 1886. 

1868. — James .\. \Vesi(ui. Died May 8, 1895. 

1869.— Isaac W. Smith. 

1870. — James A. Weston. 

1871. — James A. Weston. 

1872. — Person C. Cheney. 

1873.— Charles H. ISartlett. Eesigned February 18. 

1873.— John 1\ ^"ewell. Elected to vacancy. 

1874-75. — James A. Weston. 

1875-76.- Alphens Gay. 

1876-77.— Ira Cross. 

1877-78.— Ira Cross. Resigned. 

1878-79.— Jolm L. Kelly. Dic^d .May 1. 1887. 

1879-80. — loliii L. Kelly. 

1881-82.— lloraee 11. I'lilnam. Die! April 20, 1888, 

1883-84. — Horace J'.. I'litnam. 

188--)-8(). — (ieoi'ge H. Stearns. 

1887-88. — John Hosley. 

1889-90.— David B. Yarney. 

1891-92. — Edgar J. Knowlton. 

1893-94.— Edgar J. Knowlton. 

1895-96.— William C. Clarke. 

1897-98.— William C. Clarke. 



COMMITTEES APPOINTED. 13 

COMMITTEES APPOINTED. 

On May 12, 1896, Mayor Clarke called a meeting of citizens in city hall to 
discuss plans for the celebration. The mayor presided and Frank S. SutclifFe acted 
as secretary. Enthusiastic remarks were made by the mayor, Joseph Kidder, E. J. 
Biirnham, Joseph W. Fellows, William H. Elliott, Xathan P. Hunt, Walter M. 
Fulton, Gustave Langer, Alderman Barry, George C. Gilmore, Henry W. Herrick, 
Denis F. O'Connor, and Charles C. Hayes. On motion of Jlr. Hunt, the mayor was 
aiithorized to appoint a committee of ten to devise plans for the celebration. 

The mayor appointed George C. Kemp, N". P. Hunt, E. J. Burnham, Henry M. 
Putney, George A. Clark, Eben T. James, C. C. Webster, John F. Frost, John P. 
Bartlett, and William Marcottc. 

At a joint meeting of the city government members and citizens, held on May 
20, in city hall, after remarks by N. P. Hunt, E. J. Burnham, Herbert W. Eastman, 
Henri Gazaille, Alderman Browning, Councilmen Watts, Wilson, and Gott, Alder- 
man Graf, Henry M. Putney, and William ilarcotte, it was voted, on motion of 
Mr. Putney, that a committee of five, of which the mayor should be chairman, be 
appointed to name a committee of ten members each on finance, literary exercises, 
athletics, reception, press and printing, bands, exhibition, fireworks, invitations, and 
school displaj', the mayor and the chairmen to constitute a general advisory board. 
The mayor appointed as his colleagues to nominate these committees, E.J. Knowlton, 
John C. Bickford, Frank 0. Clement, and Joseph Quirin. 

At a mass meeting of members of the Board of Trade, city government, and 
citizens, in city hall, on June 9, Mayor Clarke presided, and remarks were made by 
President Charles H. Bartlett of the Board of Trade, Andrew Bunton, Joseph 
Kidder, Charles C. Hayes, Eev. C. E. Hennon, D. F. O'Connor, Frank Preston, 
Alderman Barry, and others. 

The following is a list of official committees on the celebration. 

THE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Chairman. — Mayor William C. Clarke. 

Secretary and Treasurer. — Herbert W. Eastman. 

Invitation and Eeception. — P. C. Cheney, Frederick Smyth, Et. Eev. D. IF. 
Bradley, Alpheus Gay, George H. Stearns, Isaac W. Smith, Byron Worthen, David B. 
A^arney, C. A. Sulloway, James F. Briggs, Lewis W. Clark, Aretas Blood, G. B. 
Chandler, Herman F. Straw, C. D. McDuffie, A. P. Olzendam, S. N. Bourne, George 
P. Whitten, Otis Barton, John B. Varick, William H. Elliott, A. C. AVallace, ]S^. S. 
Clark, Charles Williams, Henry E. Burnham, John P. Bartlett, Joseph W. Fellows, 
N. P. Hunt, G. W. 0. Tebbetts, C. W. Clement, Edward W. Han-ington, E. M. 
Topliff, Isaac L. Heath, John C. French, Charles D. Welch, Gordon Woodbujy, 
Walter IL Parker, William J. Iloyt, Charles T. Means, Henry Chandler, Darwin A. 
Simons, Eoger G. Sullivan, Z. F. Campbell, William Corey, W. G. Africa, Freeman 
Iliggins, Josiah Carpenter, C. E. Cox, David Wadswoi-th, John C. Eay, F. M. ITovt, 
E. I'. Eeynolds, Perry H. Dow, Dr. C. E. Dodge, Dr. H. W. Boutwell, Dr. J. F. 



14 SEMI-C'ENTEXNIAL OF MAXCIIESTER, N. II. 

Robinson, Dr. L. M. I'lvnc-h, Dr. o, D. Abbott, Dr. Williiiin M. l',ii>on?, Josiah G. 
Dearborn, James V. Slatterv. Dr. .Inlm |;. I're.scott, (Jeorjre I'. Lincoln, Dr. .Tolin 
Fergii.'^on, Dr. George D. Townr. II. .1. I'easlec, C. 11. .Manning. Harry K. Loveren, 
J. C. Bickford, George E. Morrill, Fred L. Allen,. D. O. Fiirnalil. if. 1'. Simpson, X. P. 
Kidder, Frederick Perkins, Kdwiji Y. Jones, James E. Dodge, Gardner K. I'.rown- 
ing, George E. Heath. George ^^'. Peed, Howard ('. Holt, Hieluird J. IJairv, J. Adam 
Graf, C. L. Wolf, Frank '1'. Provost, John T. Gott, (.'harles Iv r.iancJiard, William 
Watts, Carl E. Eydin, Ebeii Carr, Ossian D. Kno.x, John A. Lind(|uist, William F. 
Elliott, Clarence E. Ro.se, Joseph O. Tninblay, George H. Phinney, George E. 
Richards, Jules Deschenes, William J. Allen, Miciiael R. Sullivan, Daniel A. ^Murphy, 
Charles Hazen, B. Frank ^^'ek■ll, Xorris P. Colby, Samuel l'\ Davis, Robert ^Morrow, 
Edward F. Scheer, John W. Wilson, William R. lilakeley. .Inlm (lildard, Stei)hen P. 
Martel, Richard F. Schindler. 

Literary Exercises. — Moody (.'urrier, Henry .M. I'ulney, iJavid Cross, Alien X. 
C'lapp, Joseph Kidder, Joseph E. Bennett, .Inlm 1 Jowst, Denis F. O'Connor, I'rank P. 
Carpenter, Dr. James Sullivan, George 1. ,\ic AlliMn-. iirilicit K. Richardson, 
Dr. J. W. MacDonald. 

Finance.— Charles H. IJarilelt, ( 'liarles C. Hayes, L. i;. i'.odwelj. Frank AV. Fitts, 
James W. Hill, C. M. Floyd, Eugene Quirin, Fred X. Cheney, l-xlward 'M. Slaytoii, 
CM. Edgerly, F. W. Leeman, J. B. Estey, Smith Dodge, George F.Bosher, Edward B. 
Woodbury, G. Allen Putnam, Herbert S. Clough, Dr. Gillis Stark, Albert J. Prceourt, 
Charles E. Green, Frank P. Johnson, Horace >birsliall. W. 1\. IJobbins. Alfred 
Qiiimby, P. D. Harrison. 

Parade. — Andrew Bunion, Tlioiiias \V. Lane, (i. ]\l. L. T^ane. S. S. Pipei-. Henry 
B. Fairbanks, John B. Hall, John J. Dillon, P. A. Devine, Moses Wadleigh, Harry E. 
Parker, F. W. McKinley, Daniel V. Ilealy, Fred S. 15ean, Harry 15. Cilley, George A. 
Leigliton, F. G. E. Gordon, John Gannon, Jr., Daniel F. Shea, Harry H. Acton, John 
Y. Cressey, George AV. Prescott, W. 11. Bennett, William J. Freeman. F. X. Clienette, 
Eeinhardt Heeker, A. Filion, W. J. Starr, James F. Cavanaugh, Carl F. Xelson, .roJui 
H. Wales, Jr., Frank L. Downs, Thomas R. Varick, Moses Sheriff, Frank Af . l-'risselle, 
Ed. LeBlanc, Alfred Gustafson, P. IT. D'Afalley, Frank B. Perkins, L. Arthur Dodge. 

Entertainment and Transportation of Grand T^odge of ^fasons. — George I. 
McAllister, Joseph Kidder, John K. Wils(ni, .lolm ('. I'.iekl'ord, I'Mwin !•'. Jones, 
Herbert E. Richardson, At)raham L. Gannon, (ieorge Ji. True, Heniy f. lla/elton, 
Harvey L. Currier, Alfred 10. ilorse, Frank P. Cheney, Isaac L. Heath. 

Tents, Stands, Carriages, and Entertainment. — John T. Golt, G. K. lirowning, 
J. Adam Graf, John W. Wilson, AVilliam Watts, Frank 0. Clement, George llolbrook, 
S. T. Worthen, Eugene G. Libbey, Charles L. Harmon, W. II. .Maxwell, H. AV. 
Eastman, B. F. Clark, AValter S. Kiiley, Frank Dowst, S. II. Ab ad, J. J. Abbott, Joel 
Daniels, George AV. Dearborn, Charles A. Adams, William Belli, John l-'ullerton, 
Harrie AI. Young, John H. ^Villey, Samuel C. Lowell, F. A. Palmer. John A.Sheelian, 
H. 0. Dudley, Harry Clifton, AV.'lI. Alara. J. T. Underbill, C. .1. Darrah, A. D. Max- 
well, James Lightbody, Fred T. Duiilap, .\rllnif S. I'uutnn, Henry D. Soub', F. P. 
Colby, F'rank Preston, John A. Barker. 



TUE STANDING COMMITTEES. 15 

Decorations. — Frank P. Kimball. William JMareotte, Joscjili IT. Wtston, ITenri 
Gazaille, George Blanchet, John J. Holland, George H. Hardy, Aaron ]5erg, Natt 
Doane, John Bobbie, Charles Hobitaille, William T. Farmer, Henry F. Lindquist, 

F. C. Dow, Horatio Fradd, S. L. Flanders, Samnel Thompson, Arthur E. ]\Tartin, 
Patrick Kean, A. H. Weston, F. C. Miville, Austin Goings, George U. I'answell, M. A. 
Holton, Joseph H. Wiggin, H. M. Moody, A. G. Grenier, Edmond Pinard, C. E. 
LcF.run, Frank L. A\'ay, George S. Eastman, ilicliael O'Dowd. K. ('. Weseott, L. P. 
LaJ3onte. 

Semi-Centennial Hxliihit. — iulwai'd J. ]>iirnliam, Joseph L. Stevens, Henry W. 
Herrick, E. P. Kichardson, Jolui M. Staiiton, David Perkins, Joseph B. Sawyer, 
S. B. Hope, Augustus H. Stark, G. J. Jlopkins, George W. Fowler, A. D. Scovell, 
W. G. Gannon. S. C. Gould, A. J. I'.ennett, John N. Bruce, Fred G. Stark, L. W. 
Colby, George N. Burpee, J. Brodie Smith, George C. Gilmore, 'M. J. Healy. John 
Gillis, Albert L. CloUgh, J. G. Ellinwood, Thomas L. Quimby, Charles H. Smart, 
George F. W'illey, A. L. Walker, Daniel C. Gould, James 0. Harriman, Henry 0. 
Sanderson, Albert J. Peaslee, iliss Betsey B. Shepard, :Mrs. David Cross, Mrs. Ange- 
line B. Cilley, i[iss Xancy S. Bunton, :\lrs. George it. Jk'an, ilrs. W. K. Eol)bins, Mrs. 
George W. Dearborn, Mrs. 0. D. Knox, ]\[rs. Olive Rand Clarke, Mrs. Joseph W. 
Fellows, ]\Tiss Elizabeth ^IcDougall, Mrs. Lucinda Farmer, Mrs. Aretas Blood, Mrs. 
Arthur E. Clarke, Mrs. Helen Kinsley Dunlap, Mrs. W. B. Brigham, JTi's. A. S. 
Lamb, Mrs. Charles B. Bradley, Mrs. Mary Marshall James, Miss Nellie J. Harring- 
ton, Miss Catherine Fraiu, Mrs. Amanda W. Smith, Mrs. H. P. Priest, Miss Isabella 

G. Mack, Mrs. Luther S. Proctor, ]\lrs. C. E. Cox, Mrs. Sarah E. Ilersey. 

School Exercises.— AVilliam. E. Buck, Albert Somes, F. S. Sutcliti'e, C. W. Biek- 
ford, George Winch, B. F. Andrew, Fred L. Spaulding, W. H. Huse, C. W. Davis, tlie 
Brothers of the Christian schools, Thomas Coicoran, Rev. J. A. Chevalier, Rev. P. 
Hevey, Rev. I. H. C. Davignon, Rev. John J. Lyons, Herman F. Roedelspergcr. 

Music. — Joseph Quirin, Eugene S. Whitney, Walter M. Fulton, Denis A. 
Holland, Adolph Wagner, C. M. Woodbury, George A. Greenough, George F. Laird, 
John M. Chandler, W. M. Butterficld, John P. ilulleu, C. W. Downing, F. T. E. 
liicliardson, Nicholas J. Whalen, F. H. Pike, Frank A. Lane, John R. Bruce. 

Old Residents' Association. — W'arrou Harvey, Isaac EEuse, George AV. Dodge, 
Israel Dow, Henry A. Farrington, John S. Kidder, William Boyd, Orrin E. Kindjall, 
C. L. Richardson, William T. Stevens, Ignatius T. Webster, Isaac Whittemore, E. K. 
Rowell, Hiram Forsaith, George S. Holmes, Eben Ferren, C. W. Quindjy, Fred L. 
Wallace, Lawrence Dowd, Walter Cody, William B. Patten, William AYebcr, Ferdi- 
nand Riedel, S. C. Clatur, William Campbell, Charles S. Fisher, James P. Walker, 
John Mooar, D. P. Hadley, John G. Lane, Peter 0. AVoodman, C. C. Webster, N. S. 
Bean, George H. Hubbard, John Hayes, Walter Neal, William Sanborn, A. J. Lane, 
Reed P. Silver, W. H. Plumer, B. W. Robinson, William P. Merrill, Daniel W. Morse, 
Oilman Clough, \Y. W^ Hubbard, David L. Perkins, George F. Elliot, AVilliam Brown, 
Luther S. Proctor, C. K. Walker, A. A. Ainsworth, Charles Chase, David \\. Collins, 
Robert Heath, Dr. Hiram Hill, F. B. Eaton. 

Press and Printing. — Edgar J. Knowlton, Arthur E. Clarke, Herbert W. East- 



16 



SEMI-CENTEXNIAI. OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 



man, E. J. Burnliam, 0. H. A. Chamberlcn. 'William E. Moore, Thomas IT. Tuson, 
J. x\rthur Williams, (iustav Langer, Edward 1'. Morrill, Nato M. Kellogg, if. W. 
Hazeltiiic, ilartin J. Dillon, Joseph E. Marier. G. Edward IJernier. 0. 1). Kimball. 

Athletics, Amateur. — Dana M. T^vans, Carl Foerster, Charles T. Allen, Frank W. 
Garland, E. H. Chadboiirne, Walter E. Gay, Walter S. Xoyes, Lewi> W. Crockett, 
A\'alter (J. Berry, N. S. Bean, Jr., Frank E. Martin. 

Athletics, Professional. — Eichard J. Barry, N. P. Colby, Charles W. Eager, 
Edward C. Smith, John F. Looncy, Ale.x Ferson, Timothy A. Sullivan. Murdock A. 
AVeathers, T. F. Lynch, Garrett W. Cotter. Joseph N. St. Germain. 

Entertainment of National Guard and United States Cavalry. — Col. Harry B. 
Cilley, Maj. E. H. Knight, ('apt. M. I{. Maynard, Capt. David Wadsworth, W. D. 
Ladd, Capt. Harry E. Parki'r. 




CITY OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES, SEPT., 1896. 



MAYOR. 

Hon. Willia3[ C. Clarke. 



CLEBK. 

Nathan P. Kidder. 

AUDITOR. 

James E. Dodge. 



treasubee. 
Fred L. Allen. 

solicitor. 
Edwin F. .Jones. 



TAX collector. 

George E. Morrill. 

engineer. 
WiNFRED H. Bennett. 



physician. 
Frederick Perkins. 



MESSENGER. 

John A. Barker. 



BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 

■Gardner K. Browning. Howard C. Holt. 
George E. Heath. Richard ,J. Barry. 

George W. Keep. Frank H. Lihbey. 



Johann a. Graf. 
Christian L. Wolf. 
Frank T. Provost. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 
John T. Gott, President. George L. Stearns, Clerk. 



ward one. ward four. 

Charles E. Blan-ciiard. George H. Phinney. 
William Watts. ■ George E. Richards. 

Carl E. Rydix. Jules Deschenes. 



WARD T'VO. 

Eben Caer. 
OssiAN D. Knox. 
John A. Lindquist. 

WARD three. 
William F. Elliott. 
Clarence E. Rose. 
.Joseph 0. Tremblay'. 



Henby Lewis. 
John E. Stearns. 
David 0. Firnald. 



MARD FIVE. 

William J. Allen. 
Michael R. Sullivan. 
Daniel A. jMuRruY. 

WARD .«ix. 
.John T. Gott. 
Charles Hazen. 
P.. Frank Welch. 

ASSESSORS. 

Harrison D. Lord. 
George F. Sheeiian. 
George H. Dtdley. 



WARD SEVEN. 

XoRRis P. Colby. 
Samuel F. Davis. 
Robert Morrow. 

ward eight. 
Edward F. Scheer. 
John W. Wilson. 

WlLLLVM R. liLAKELY. 

ward nine. 
.John Gildard. 
Stephen P. ^L\rtel. 
Richard F. Schindler. 



William T. Rowell. 
Eugene W. Brigham. 
Julius Wiesxer. 



17 




(O- 

a* 



5 z 



- UJ 



Q 

z 
< 



« o 

.4 5 



s o 



Q 
< 

o 

so. 



STREET AND PARK DEPARTMENT. 19 

SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 

William C. Clarke, ex-officio Chairman. 

John T. Gott, ex-officio. ■_ 

George D. Towne, M. D., Vice-Chairman. 

Edward B. Woodbury, Clerk. 

William E. Buck, Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

Curtis W. Davis, Trnant Officer. 

Walter B. Heath. Harry I. Dodge. Charles M. Floyd. 

Elliott C. Lambert. Herbert E. Eichardsox. Nathaniel L. Colby. 

James P. Slattery. George D. Towne. Josiah G. Dearborn. 

Harry J. Woods. Louis E. Phelps. Luther C. Baldwin. 

Augustus P. Horne. Fred W. Pillsbury. Egbert E. AYalsh. 

Charles H. Manning. Edward B. Woodbury. Jeremiah J. Sullivan. 

POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

COURT. 

Isaac L. Heath, Justice. George W. Prescott, Special Jn.stice. 

John C. Bickford, Clerk. 

COMMISSIONERS. 

Harry E. Loveren, Chairman. Noah S. Clark, Clerk. Frank P. C.\rpenter. 

officers. 
Michael J. Healy, Chief of Police. 
' John F. Cassidy, Deputy Chief of Police. 
Thomas E. Steele, Sergeant. 
Levi J. Proctor, Captain of Night Watch. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

engineers. 
Thomas W. Lane, Chief. Euel G. ^Lvnning. Cl.\rence E. Merrill. 

Fred S. Bean. Eugene S. Whitney. Fred S. Bean, Clerk. 

STREET AND PARK DEPARTMENT. 

commissioners. 

H. p. Simpson, Chairman. George H. Stearns, Clerk. Byron Worthen. 

Julia F. Stearns, Assistant Clerk. 

AGENTS. 

John C. Ray. Mark E. Harvey. George H. Penniman. 

George W. Cheney. Daniel H. Dickey. Lester C. Paige. 

Byron E. JIoore. Charles Francls. George P. Ames. 

Eugene G. Libbey. 
John Fullerton, Superintendent of Commons. 



20 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

WATER COMMISSIONERS. 

Charles H. Manning. Henry Chandler. W. C. Clarke, ex-officio. 

Andrew C. Wallace. Harry E. Parker. Alpheus Gay, Chairman. 

ALi-HEtTS Gay. Charles T. Means. Henry Chandler, Clerk. 

WATER WORKS. 
Charles K. Walker, Superintendent. ARTin:R E. Stearns, Clerk. 

TRUSTEES OF CITY LIBRARY. 

Frank P. Carpenter. Walter I\I. Paukep,. Charles D. McDufiie. 
Nathan P. Hunt. Isaac W. Smith. W. C. Clarke, ex-officio. 

Herman F. Straw. Moody Currier. John T. Gott, ex-officio. 

librarian.. 
Kate E. Sanborn. 

SINKING FUND COMMISSIONERS. 
Alpheus Gay'. Fred L. Allen. George H. Stearns. 

BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Clarence W. Downing, M. D.. Pres. Herbert S. Clough, Sanitary Inspector. 
William K. Eobblns, Secretiiry. John F. Loonet, Sanitary Insjicetor. 

William J. Stare. Uichard .T. Barry, Pluinhing Inspector. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

William C. Clarke, ex-officio Chairman. William II. .Maxwell, Clerk. 
William H. Maxwell. George S. Holmes. William Marshall. 

Thomas L. Quimby. Patrick Costello. Charles S. MoKean. 

Benjamin F. Garland. Charles Francis. Molse Bessette. 

CITY FARM. 
Eugene G. Libbey', Superintendent. I^Iks. Eugene G. Libbey, Matron. 

CITY WEIGHER. 
Asa B. Eaton. 

SEALER OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 
Harry E. Blanohard. 



TRUSTEES OF CEMETERY FUNDS. 



21 



George C. Kemp. 
Charles B. Tucker. 
William B. Corey. 



INSPECTORS OF CHECK LISTS. 



Samuel J. Lord. 
Patrick E. Daly. 
Albert J. Peaslee. 



JoHX A. Foster. 
Charles C. Tixkham. 
John B. Bourque. 



John Cayzer. 



INSPECTORS. 

MILK. 

Edward C. Smith, 
petroleum. 



Joseph B. Baril. 



TRUSTEES OF CEMETERIES. 

Edwin F. Jones, John P. Young, four years. 
John F. Frost, William H. Huse, three years. 
John L. Sanborn, Bushrod W. Hill, two years. 
Stillman p. Cannon, James E. Bailey, one year. 
Byron A. Stearns, Superintendent Pine Grove Cemetery. 
Charles H. G. Foss, Snperintcnrlent Yalley Cemetery. 
James E. Bailey, Superintendent Amoskeag Cemetery. 
Fred L. Allen, Clerk. 



TRUSTEES OF CEMETERY FUNDS. 



Hon. William C. Clarke, 

ex-offieio Chairman. 



Hon. Charles H. Bartlett, Clerk. 
Otis Barton. 



90 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 



RAISTXG THE FUNDS. 



Realizing that a jiropor observance of the celebration befitting the enterprise 
and |iiiblic spirit of the Queen City would require the expenditure of more money 
than that ap]>rn]iriated by the city, with tlie official sanction of the legislature, the 

thiance committee was immediately called 
together by Hon. Charles II. Bartlett, chair- 
man, and vigorous efforts were begun to raise 
at least Jf>."i, <•()() by popular subscription. Those 
who were active in the work of solicitation were 
Chairman liartlett, James W. Hill, Fred N. 
Cheney, Frank W. Fitts, Clarence M. Edgerly, 
P. 1). Harrison, Charles C. Hayes, Frank W. 
Leeman, Alfred (^uimbv, Frank P. Johnson, 
Horace Marshall. L. V,. F.odwelb Herbert S. 
Clougb, (i. Allen Putnam, Eugene Quirin, 
Walter M. Fulton. A. J. Precourt, X. J. Whalen, 
Smith Dodge, George F. Bosher, Allen N. 
Cla]ip, I'rank A. Dcickham, and J. B. Estey. 

In a sliort time a sum aggregating 
$5,290.7.5 had been subscribed by public- 
s|iirileil eiirpdfatiiins. firms, and citizens, to 
wlmin a large share of the praise for the success 
of the eeleliration is due. This handsome sura, 
added \n the •$-.'. imid ap])ropriated by the city, 
])aid all hills and a balance of $300 was left in 
the hands uf the treasurer. To Herbert S. Clougb belongs the credit of securing 
the largest amdiiiit iipnn his book,- — a little over $1,000. The finance committee 
chose Herbert W. i-'astman treasurer, with authority to jiay all bills after ]iroper 
approval by an executive committee from each committee. 




HERBERT S CLOUGH. 



THE I'ROCKAM OfTI.INEI). 



The general emnmittee, under the ellicient ehiiiniiMiisliip of ]\rayor Clarke, soon 
got the prelinnnary ai'rangements under way. and in .hine the general prcigram was 
decided as follows: 

Sunday, September il. Services in the city churches and mass meeting in the 



Monday, September 7. Military and cix ie parade and biyiiig of the corner-stone 
of Weston Observatory. 

Tuesday, September 8. Literary exercises and athletic sports. 

Wednesday, September 1). School exercises and industrial parade and review 
of fire deiiartmont. 



THE SIINISTEKS ORGANIZE. 



23 



THE MINISTERS ORGANIZE. 

Oil till' suggestion of Mayor (_'larkf to the c-hurehcs to co-ojieratc in tlie celebra- 
tion of tile Senii-Centennial of the eity, a meeting of all clergymen was called at city 
hall Monday, June ^2, at 11. 3() a. m. The attendance was large and representative. 
Eev. William If. Morrison was elected cliairiiian and Rev. F. S. Bacon secretary. On 
invitation, Mayor Clarke outlined the general ]ilan of exercises for the week, and 
proffered .the use of tlie tent in the Straw gipunds, and the use of a band for a 
union service on Sunday evening. After full discussion of tlie matter, the Eev. 
W. C. ilcAllester. L). I)., of the first Tiaptist church: Kev. C. W. Rowley, Ph. D., of 
St. I'auFs M. K. church, and Eev. 1!. W. J.oi-khart. I). J),, of the Franklin-street 
Congregational church were appointed an executive committee to make all necessary 
arrangements. 

The committee nominated I'ev. \Villiaiii J. Tucker, D. D., ]u-csident of Dart- 
mouth College, as speaker of the evening: K. T. llaldwin leader of music, and Eev. 
W. II. jMorrison as chairman of the evening. 

Assessments were made upon the various cluiiclics to meet the c.vpenses of the 
occasion. 




MiNCMESTtR BOARD OF TRADE ROOMS. 
HEADQUARTERS OF COMMITTEES, 










\ K ill.lKV 



tM,incbesUr,fJ. H., Aiir.- ''<, i^9''- 

Tiv till- of Miiuhaier uill Ci'lebrale tbc semi-ciiileiinial 
'5° of its iiiiorporatkm as a cily Sept. (■>, 7, S, and 9, iHcfh, and 
her eili{en% omiiallv invilc you, togelbcr uilb your Jamil/ 
and friends, lo be present at Ibe commemoralive exercises. 



Winiitm J. 'I\ickfr. U. I>.. iirrWiluii -if Durnnouih UnlU-M*. 

M<'«i>av. Skit. T. uniMil p«nutoui II •. in,, iifid lAylntt 'il mmcr ilniir at Wi-^on Ot*-rvHliiry. 
Ti ».«i>AV. Sci-T, 1. Aiinlvifi>*f)-<'»"r\-Ur«nriik m., •n'luiliUili" »p»r%» »ll •]«>-. 
Wi:i.'.»j.rMV, "KIT. •'. Otit<li»ir» 'U*. ami ^Jl^[rhl^ll^*' pan^iir ■( ; i>, m. lUn. 
•■TAtiuliit MoiKlay niiilTu'-Mliiy •^vi'iiliiifii. Kn- irilii*iniil'»hii>ltiiTKlLjrijiLHbi- wr-k. 



SUB-COMMITTEE ON INVITATIONS : 

r, I'. rilKSKV Ri-Onirlo. 

IXAMKK. tTiiltuMn. HT. RKV. t: H. RHAI)L>:r. 

I'lLlK. II. IIAKTI.KTT. 4IK(|. I*.. rnANM-KR. 

Al't>-rnii>n V. T. 1'KOVO.T. AI-hiiuAn "■. U vm\.V. 

CvunHlmau a D. K'MJX, •.WinrllniAii UM. WATTM. 



THE OFFICIAL INVITATION. 



RELIGIOUS EXERCISES 

SUNDAY, SEPT. 6, I896. 



The Semi-Centennial celebration opened on Sunday, September 6, with special 
services, appropriate to the golden jubilee, in all the city ehurclies in tJie morning, 
the pastors preaching sermons of an historical nature. 

Special invitations were extended by Kt. Rev. Denis M. Bradley and Eev. C. W. 
Kowley to members of the city government to attend services at St. Joseph's cathe- 
dral and St. Paiil's Methodist Episcopal church. 

The day was marked by a downpour of rain, but, notwithstanding, the church 
services were well attended, and proved an interesting ^nd fitting inaugural of the 
great celebration. 

The subjects at the various churches Sunday morning were as follows: 

St. Joseph's Cathedral, Kt. Eev. D. M. Bradley.— "Thou shalt sanctify the 
fiftieth year and shalt proclaim remission to all the inhabitants of the land, for it is 
the year of jubilee. Every one shall return to his possession and every one shall 
return to his former family." 

St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church, Eev. C. \Y. Eowley. — ''Our churches 
and our city." 

First Unitarian Church, Eev. Charles J. Staples. — "The soul of a city's 
greatness." 

Franklin-street Congregational Church, Eev. B. "W. Lockhart. — "A half century 
of theological progress." 

First Congregational Church, Eev. T. Eaton Clapp. — "The elements of stability 
in the higher life of the city." 

Merrimack-street Baptist Church, Eev. N. L. Colby. — "And seek the peace of 
the city and pray unto the Lord for it; for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace." 

First Baptist Church, Rev. Dr. W. C. McAllester. — "A citizen of no mean city." 

Westminster Presbyterian Church, Eev. T. M. Davies. — "Citizenship, its advan- 
tages, its perils, and responsibilities." 

First Christian Church, Eev. M. W. Borthwick. — "The church and the city." 

Universalist Church, Eev. W. H. Morrison. — "When it goeth well with the 
righteous, the city rejoiceth." 

St. James Methodist Episcopal Church, Eev. C. U. Dunning. — "Methodism in 
Manchester." 

Swedish Lutheran Church, Eev. A. Carlsson. — Historical sermon from St. 
John v: 1, U. 

People's Tabernacle, Eev. F. S. Bacon. — "The divine inspection of cities." 

Grace Ej)iscopal Church, Rev. H. E. Cooke. — Historical sermon relating to the 
parish. 

25 



26 SBMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

St. Anne's Church, Rev. J. J. Lyons. — S[ieei;il iiistorioal services euh)gislic of 
Rev. William ^facDonakl, first Catholic priest of Jlanchester. 

First Methodist Chiucli. Ifev. William Woods. — Historical services hy pastor 
and t'ormer pastors. 

First Free Baptist Cluireh, Rev. 0. D. I'atch. — "The church and state." 

At other churches, both Protestant and Catholic, the pastors refernd tn the 
Senii-Cnntennial in an interesting and patriotic manner. 

SUNDAY MASS MEETING. 

'I'lic union religious mass meeting, in the mamniotii tent erected on the Straw 
grounds, on Sunday evening, was attended i)y nearly four thousand people. A 
conij)etent corps of ushers, in charge of Mr. James V. Howe, seated the audience. 

Rev. William If. Morrison of the Universalist church was president of the 
evening, and Mr. E. T. Baldwin nuisical director. 

Seated upon the platform were Hon. William C. Clarke, mayor of ^lanchester; 
Re\-. W. II. Morrison, chairman; Rev. William J. Tucker, D. T)., niatnr of the evening; 
Rev. B. W. Locldiart, I). D., Rev. W. C. McAllester, D. I)., Rev. 0. D. Patch, Rev. 
M. W. Borthwick, Rev. Henry E. Cooke, Rev. C. J. Staples, Rev. E. Jay Cooke, Rev. 
C. W. Rowley, Ph. D., Rev. T. Eaton Clapp, D. D., Rev. Ira Taggart, Rev. IST. L. Colby, 
Rev. C. U. Dunning, D. D., Rev. Thomas A. Dorion, Rev. T. M. Davies, Rev. J. W. 
Bean of Kingston, Rev. William A. Loyne, fonnci-ly of St. James M. E. church; Rev. 
J. M. Bean of Raymond, Rev. Francis S. Bacon, Rev. Claudius Byrne of Lawrence, 
formerly of this city; Rev. A. Carlsson, Rev. William Woods, and Rev. Thomas 
Borden, formerly of the Universalist church. 

In opening. Rev. Mr. Morrison said: 

"Ladies and Gentlemen of Manchester: — In behalf of all the churches of the city 
I bid you welcome to our meeting this evening. We have different churches and we 
love them, but they have grown up together under the sheltering wing of this city, 
and it is indeed appropriate that on this, the opening day of ^[anchesters golden 
jubilee, we come together in this tent and on this platform to join in a service which 
shall be a fitting prelude to the celebration of the morrow." 

After a voluntary by the First Regiment Band, Mayor Clarke was introduced 
and said: 

"Ladies and Gentlemen: — Among thefirst thoughts associated with the inception 
of the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of Manchester's incorporation as a city 
were those of the churches and schools, with which no city in the land is more blessed 
and grandly ecpiipped than ^fancbester. The church and the schoolliouse have con- 
tributed more to the success and character of this commuinty than all else, and it is 
with a feeling of pardonable pride that I look tipon this splendid assemblage of men 
and women tonight and express my appreciation of the deep and widespread interest 
you have manifested in the face of a deluge of rain in the opening exercises of our 
Semi-Centennial celebration. 

"In response to an invitation extended by me some time since, to all of the clergy- 



SUNDAY MASS MEETING. 



27 



men of the city to unite in organizing a series of religious services appropriate to 
lliis liistoric occasion, a large and spirited meeting was held in city hall, at which a 
hearty interest was immediately manifested in the general plan outlined to usher in 
the week of festivity with memorial services. The churches of all denominations 
were represented, and in the pul])its of the city today words of helpfulness and 
instruction have been spoken liy our divines. But our ministers were not content 
to stop here. They believed that something more distinctive should attend their 
part in this golden Jubilee, and through their united elTorts you are fa.vored tonight 
by the presence of a man whose early life in the ministry was actively spent here 
among us, and whose return at this time to occujiy the foremost place in the religious 
observance of tliis anniversary is hailed with dcliglit Ijy all classes of people. 

"In behalf of the city. 1 most sincerely thank the ministers of Manchester for 
their cordial co-operation in carrying out a most important and worthy part of the 
program of the Semi-Centennial celebration, and congratulate them upon the 
wisdom of their choice in selecting the honored and Iieloved president of Dartmouth 
College as their pulpit orator at this grand mass meeting." 

The hymn, "Come, TJiou Almighty King," was read Ijy Rev. M. W. Borthwick, 
and the entire audience joined in the song, led by the band. 

Eev. W. C. McAllester, D. D., read the one hundred and twenty-first Psalm, and 
Rev. C. R, Crossett read the hymn, "Oh, Worship the King." 
Rev. C. V^'. Rowley, Ph. D., offered prayer. 

A response by the band followed. President Morrison then said: 
"It was the easiest thing in the v.-orld, my dear friends, to decide on an orator 
for this occasion, for we all wanted the same man, and best of all Ave found that we 
could get him, I consider it indeed an honor, and an extreme pleasure, to introduce 
as the orator of the evening the Rev, Dr. William J. Tucker, president of Dartmouth 
Collese." 




OLD MEETING-HOUSE, MANCHESTER CENTER 

USED FOR TOWN HOUSE UNTIL 1840. 




REV. WILLIAM J. TUCKER, D. D. 
PASTOR FRANKLIN-STREET CHURCH, 1867-1876 



THE SPIRITUAL LIFE OF THE MODERN CITY. 



Oratiiin by Rev. Dr. Tucker, Sunday Eveninj;, Sept. 6. 



Fellow Christians of Manchester: — You have judged it a fitting thing- to give the 
opening session of this commemorative week to the recognition of the spiritual life of 
your city. Yon have judged rightly. The modern city, though founded in industri- 
alism or built upon commerce, and set toward every form of material development, has 
its spiritual life, otherwise its history were qviickly told in figures and statistics. We 
must not allow ourselves to be deceived by appearances. The modern, by contrast with 
the ancient or medieval, city seems to be non-religious and secular. The contrast which 
gives this result is superficial. Religion, of its own motion and for its own ends, never 
built a city. The religious spirit has moved men to great secular tasks, including dis- 
covery, colonization, and conquest, but it has not directed their energies to the making 
of cities. The instinct of worshi]), however expressed, cannot explain that strange 
mingling of diverse peoples and races and religions which is the chai-acteristic of the 
great municipality, ancient or modern. And even when the jjeople have been of one race 
and of one religion, the chief motive for massing the population at a given center has 
not been the spiritual motive. The site of the most religious city of the world, 
"whither the tribes went up, the tribes of the Lord to the testimony of Israel," was 
chosen for defense. And when war ceased to be the determining reason for the 
location and development of cities, then commerce and trade came in as the determining 
cause, just as now it is industrialism. 

But while it is not the genius of religion to l)uil(l cities, nor indeed to bring men 
together in the mass in any permanent form, the great concern of religion, perliaps 
for this very reason, is with the city. The voice of the Lord is always crying to it. 
Whatever the "world" meant to the prophet of the old order, as something to be over- 
come, whatever the "world" meant to the apostle of the new order, as something to be 
redeemed, that the "city" now means to Christianity, as something at once to be feared 
and loved, to be served and mastered. The supreme question which confronts 
Christianity as a religion, and which confronts it equally as a civilization, is the 
question of the moral and spii^tual outcome of the cities of Christendom. 

It is peculiarly the question before our American Christianity. Notwithstanding 
the rapid massing of the population at centers, usually at the call of capital, we have 
not become used to the idea of the city. Manchester stands about midway in the long 
list of reported cities. But we are just celebrating our semi-centennial. There are 
other communities within our fellowship which are much younger. Cities have grown 
in fact much fa.ster than in idea, in the understanding, that is, on the part of the people 
of their nature and significance. 

What is a city, in the modern sense and under modern conditions? A city is a self- 
centered community, of various if not of diverse jjopulation. thoroughly organized, 
having resources within itself sufficient for increase, secure in the safeguards of order 
and justice, equipped with the means not only of material, but of social and spiritual 
advancement, and great enough in itself in numbers, in resources, and in character to 
aifect, if not to dominate, the life of the individual citizen. Incorporation does not 
make a citj-, neither do numbers, neither does wealth. A city is that combination of 
forces which really makes a new unit of ()ower. It is in fact the most powerful unit 
which is today at work upon the individual life: more powerful than the home, or the 

29 



30 SEMI-CENTENNIAL UF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

state in the larger meaniiig, or the cluirch. It is so powerlul that it creates a kind of 
provincialism. The greater the city the more difficult it is lor the average citizen to 
escape from his environment. The city educates and enlarges him to a certain point, 
makes him, as we say, more cosmopolitan, and then defines, restricts, and controls him. 
He reads the world through the columns of the local ])ress: he measures the outer 
movement of industry and trade by the effect upon the prevailing business: he judges 
people at large by the social standard with which he has become familiar. Such is the 
modern city, in its influence over the average life which forms a part of it. We are 
just beginning to understand and feel its power. Such, therefore, is the moral sig- 
nificance of the civic fact which we celebrate during the present week. 

I think that I can render you no better service at this hour than to speak to you 
of the Spiritual Life of the Modern City. 

I use the term spiritual, rather than religious, sinii)ly bec-au.se it is more inclusive. 
We must widen our delinitions if we are to hold them. If we are to keep the ancient 
terms we must make them broad and free. Civilization, for example, seemed to be a 
term of inherited breadth, but how grandly its meaning was enlarged in the recent 
address of Lord Chief Justice Kussell. "Civilization," he said, "is not dominion, wealth, 
material luxury: nay, not even a great literature and education widespread, good though 
those things be. Its true signs are thought for the poor and suffering, chivalrous 
regard and respect for woman, the frank recognition of human brotherhood irrespective 
of race or color or nation or religion, the narrowing of mere force as a governing factor 
in the world, the love of ordered freedom, abhorrence of what is mean and cruel and 
vile, ceaseless devotion to the claims of justice." 

That sentence could not have been penned in its entirety a century ago. Civilization 
means more today, and religion means more, and to make sure that I get its wider 
meaning, 1 prefer to speak of it in the terms of the spiritual life. I want to affirm the 
presence, the reality, and the increasing power of the spiritual life of the modern city: 
1 want to unfold, so far as I maj' be able, the working of that life under the action of 
Christianity upon the city, and of the city upon Christianity. 

As I have already intimated, the modern city, if judged by appearances, stands for 
materialism. Who sees the things of the spirit as he enters its gates? Here and there a 
church, or some institution of beneficence, nuiy come under his notice, but how still 
and powerless they are in the rush and tvimult of the street. The people whom he meets 
are for the most part busy in the production of wealth, or in the search after it: some in 
the display of it: no one appears to be indifferent to it. The whole life of the city seems 
to be absorbed in one pursuit — yon may give it what nnnic you will. — you may call it 
business, you may call it industry: — the one impression of it all upon the mind of a 
stranger is that of the supremacy of the material over the spiritiuil. 

Where are the things of the spirit? What are the signs of its presence? 

The true iiHiuirer will not look first among the things which are evident. He will 
not wait till .Snnda.v to begin his search. If the spiritual has any real power, it will 
be able to live in the midst of the material, working in and through it all, and directing 
it to higher ends. The inquirer, therefore, into the spiritual lite of a community will 
go down at once into the work of the people. He will seek to know the local standards 
of the professions, the business, the industries of tli£ town, the relation between 
em))loyers and employed, the spirit in which the daily task is wrought: and then 
he will want to know equally what beconu>s of the gains of work, whether expressed in 
income or earnings, how much of it is spent in mere luxury, or debasing pleasures, 
how much in an honest and generous livelihood, or a noble charity. He will follow 
men to their homes that he may assure himself of their purity and peace. He will go 
into the alleys and outskirts of the city to see whom he may find there on errands of 
mercy, who are watching by the sick, who are relieving the suffering. He will mingle 
with children in their .sti:dies and sports, aiul note their niauncrs. temper, anil training. 



THE SPIRITUAL LIFE OF THE MODERN CITY. 31 

lie will sjo iuto the courts of justice, and follow out the ailministratiou of law. to 
determine how far it is firm, evenhanded, and consistent, a steady and sure restraint 
upon vice. He will take part in the recreations and amusements of the people to see if 
they are natural, open, clean, and fresh. And when he has made these studies he will 
have reached some pretty definite conclusions in his own mind about "the state of 
religion" before he visits the cliurches. And yet when he visits these he will not forget 
that there is a life of faith as well as of works, a life l)orn out of penitence and forgive- 
ness, a life of profound and vital beliefs, of personal consecration to a personal .Master 
and Redeemer, of devout and thankful acknowledgment of the one living and true God. 
Such an inquiry as is thus suggested would bring out, I am convinced, in unexpected 
proportions, the spiritual life of our own and of the average modern city. It would 
raise some doubts, it would leave some unanswered questions, it would create not a 
little disappointment, it would cause some dark and painful experiences, but it would 
give a fine lesson in social perspective. I do not mean that we are to estimate righteous- 
ness in the bulk or by the majority. An unrighteous, corrupt, vile minority, however 
small, is a disgrace and a shame to a Christian city. But it is one way of supporting and 
increasing that minority to allow it to show for more than it is. If the g-oodness of a 
city could be written out as vividly as its badness, if the ninety and nine within the 
social fold could be made as interesting as the one who has gone astray, if the story of 
a virtuous and happy home had the same kind of fascination as the tale of scandal, if it 
would cause as much of a sensation to find one upright, courageous, wide-hearted. Uod 
fearing- man, as to find a betrayer or a hj"pocrite, then virtue would have the same 
publicity Avhich now accompanies vice. I would not be guilty of minimizing the evil 
of a city, nor of making light of its materializing' tendencies, but 1 would declare the 
things unpublished, uunotetl, and therefore unmeasured, which stand for its s])iritual 
life; the prevailing integrity, lidelity to the common duties, the self-denying atfection 
of the true home, the eharit.y which sviffereth long and is kind, the courage which on 
occasions doubles the power of justice, the sincerity of the honest servant of his Aiaster 
and worshipper of his God. 

You may have read the "picture." as he terms it, which Edward Kverett Hale has 
drawn in his own inimitable way under the title, "If Jesus Came to Boston." It is the 
story of a Syrian stranger, as he appears to be, who comes to the city searching for a 
lost brother. The search is not unnaturally long, but it is long enough to show the 
variety of agencies, and heli)ers. and friends, at work for the recovery of the lost. The 
sentence in which the stranger returns his thanks, when the search is over, throws off 
the guise in which he had appeared, and answers the half implied question of the title: 
"What you have been doing to the least of these my brethren and sisters, you have done 
it unto me." 

The spiritual life of a city, as expressed in charity, stands revealed at the touch of 
every kind of want or suttering. It is the very complexity of that life which hides it. 
A single charity, one philanthropist, would be conspicuous. John Eliot preaching to 
the Indians at the Falls of Amoskeag seems the embodiment of the Gospel. He was, 
just as John Stark at Bennington was the embodiment of the spirit of the Kevolution. 
But the Gospel which Eliot proclaimed has since gone out into all the world: and the 
spirit which Stark illustrated has since made a race free. 

Many of us recall a man. as lie was in his prime, a tall and alert figure, a gracious 
presence on our streets, who for more than forty years fulfilled amongst us the office 
of a Christian minister, and the no less responsible olBce of a Christian citizen. I 
suppose that no name is more closely identified with the religions history of Manchester, 
or more representative of its earlier moral tone and character, than the name of Cyrus 
Wallace. It is an honor to his memory, as it has been to our advantage, that his 
pastorate and his citizenship covered so many years of houoralile life, of eln(|uent 







REPRESENTATIVE MANCHESTER CHURCHES. 



THE SPIRITUAL LIFE OF THE MODERN CITY. 33 

speech, aud of sustained influence. And yet during the past fifty j-ears scores of men 
from various pulpits, and with differing views, have uttered the fundamental truths of 
the common Christianity, and thousands upon thousands of our citizens have declared 
in their daily lives, by speech, at the polls, everywhere and by all means the imnciples 
of social and political righteousness. The plain fact is that the spiritual life of a city 
cannot be summed up in any one man or in niany men. in any one church or in many 
churches, in any one institution or in many institutions. It is a diffused and distributed 
life, and thoug-h of far less significance than might be desired or even expected, it is, as 
I have affirmed, a reality and a growing power in the modern cit^'. 

I have been speaking thus far in general terms. What now shall we say is the 
actual working of the spiritual life of the city under the action of Christianity upon 
the city, and of the city upon Christianity? It is impossible that two such forces should 
act upon one another without producing some peculiar and distinct result. Christianity 
cannot use precisely the same means or do precisely the same work, or mean precisely 
the same thing, apart from its central truth, within the city and without. The modern 
city creates conditions, to which Christianity must conform, if it would save or even 
help the city. 

There are several aspects in which the actual working of Christianity in the 
spiritual life of the city comes before us. One aspect, — it is perhaps the most evident 
and the most striking, — is the amount of energy which must be directed to the work of 
recovery. The city wastes. It is i^rodigal of life. It is actively wasteful. It exhausts, 
it wears out, in some cases it devitalizes and destroys. No corporation which uses 
machinerj' is obliged to maintain such extensive repair shops as the modern city. 
These are its reformatories, its hospitals, and, for that matter, its churches. 

Consider in this connection the peculiar function of the jiulpit of the modern city: 
how much of its effort must be directed to the restoration of spiritual force, or the 
reinvigoration of faith. The same men and women appear before the jireacher Sunday 
by Sunday, upon whose lives every day of the week has made its serious draft. There 
is scarcely one among them who has not passed through some experience which has 
tended to reduce the love to man, or faith in God. It is one great office of the preacher 
to recover the lost faith or love, to heal the hurt of the w-orld. The message which he 
brings maj- take on .such language as it may please him to give, but it must be full 
of siJiritual health, it must be charged with spiritual life. The gospel which he utters 
may or may not be shaped in i^hilosophical thought, it may or may not be touched 
with emotion, it must have iiower to invigorate. If I were asked to name the one 
distinctive thing for which the pulpit of the modern city must stand, I should say at 
once, inspiration. 

See, too, in like manner how much of the Christianized charity of the city is directed 
to the recovery of spiritual as well as physical losses. The poverty of the city is 
of its own type. There is nothing quite like it to be found elsewhere. The poverty of 
the country, or of the frontier, is by contrast little more than hardship, the absence of 
comfort, the endurance at times of want. It was the poverty of Lincoln and Garfield, 
llow different the poverty of the citj', the old Tvoman poverty, the poverty of enfeeble- 
ment, or of profligacy, the decaj', as we say, of fortune or of family. The ministry to 
the poor of the city is for the mo.st part a ministry to the weak and worn. Its object is 
not to restore their fortune: they may never have had any: it is to recover them. In 
many cases this is impossible. Nothing remains but to fulfill the Apostolic injunction — 
"We that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak." Herein lies the 
patience of the true charity of the city. 

Or think yet ag-ain how surely the work of recovery passes over into that of rescvie. 
This means infinitely more than relief: it means deliverance, sometimes from associ- 
ations and surroundings, more often from habits which have become another .self. 
Nothing shows so clearly how necessarj' this work is, how essential it is to the 

3 




REV. W. C. MCALLEST£R, D. D. 
CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 




REV. WM." H. MORRISON. 

PRESIDENT OF MASS MEETING. 




REV. 0. W. ROWLEY, PH. D. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 



THE SPIRITUAL LIFE OF THE MODERX CITY. 35 

Christianity of the city, as the fact that whenever it is neglected, whenever the existiuij 
orders of Christianity- rise above it, instantly- a new order is estalilislied which nialvcs 
this worlc its special business. The latest order of Christians which has set itself to 
this task is the Salvation Army, which according to the generous testimony of Cardinal 
Manning' justifies its existence by its "passion for sinners." It is only the passion for 
sinners which can overcome in them the passion for sin. And the existence always, in 
some form, of some body of Christian.s, charged with this passion, shows the constant 
draft which the city malves upon Christianity in the work of recovery. It may be 
impossible to locate the resjionsibility for this demand. It is enough to state the fact. 
Another aspect of the direct working of Christianity in the spiritual life of the city 
appears in the form of collective or organized righteousness. When Abraham arrested 
his mighty pleadings before the Lord, in behalf of the doomed city of his kinsman, with 
the linal petition — "Peradventure there be ten righteous men. Wilt thou destroy all 
the city for lack of ten?" — he anticipated the absolute conditions of moral and spiritual 
reform. For the mere use of examjile one righteous man would be as good as twenty. 
His solitary, unshared righteousness would be awfully impressive. So, as I can conceive, 
Abraham himself would have towered aloft in Sodom. But if example fail in the midst 
of evil, then righteousness, singlehanded and alone, is powerless. 

It has been said that if men were to come together today in any great numbers 
without a religion, they would be obliged at least to evolve the ten commandments. 
Society would be impossible without them. But grant the ten commandments, who will 
enforce them? This of course is the question in every city, for the city, in an indirect 
way, organizes evil; evil, that is, becomes a part of the trade and traffic of the city. 
If it were merely a question of dealing with human passions, as they exist in the indi- 
vidual, if these passions were not utilized in the interest of gain, if they were not 
commercialized, society might rely chiefly upon moral means for their restraint, or con- 
version into moral power. It is the trade in them which demands another treatment. 
It is the men, for the most part, who in themselves stand at a remove from these 
passions, cold-blooded, self controlled, and relentless, who defy the commandments, and, 
through them, society. .\g'ainst such a class of men, to be found in every great city, 
if not the i^roduct of it, there is no sufficient opposing force save that of organized 
righteousness. Organization without righteousness is futile, and righteousness 
unorganized is equally futile. An historian writing of a certain period in English'' 
history says, "These were hard times for bad men to live in, good men were so terriljly 
and formidably active." It is the activity of goodness, if weighted with judgment, and 
made firm through organization, which ensures the ends of civic righteousness. 

That the increasing task of the Christians of the city lies in this direction no one 
can doubt. To so organize public sentiment, with such breadth of view and yet with 
such definiteness of aim, with such inclusiveness that no rightminded and really earnest 
citizen shall be left out, and with such constancy of purpose that enthusiasm and effort 
will survive a given campaign, — this is becoming a recognized part of the business of 
Christian citizenship. 

I call your special attention to the bearing of this aspect of the Christianity of the 
city upon the question of religious unity. I have said that the city is acting upon 
Christianity, just as Christianity is acting upon the city. This action is in some 
respects restrictive. The city is at least defining the work of Christianity, if not 
modifying its types of charactei-. But in this matter of religious unity the influence of 
the city is broad and constructive. The city can afford a multiplicity of denominations 
better than the country, but it cannot afford the denominational spirit. That is too 
costly a luxury for religion anywhere. So long as Christian believers and worshipers 
differ in the emphasis which they wish to place upon particular forms of belief or of 
service, there are manifest advantages from such liberty, provided it does not prevent 
the higher unity. The city enters the protest of its own great spiritual life, the 



36 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. II. 

moment a practical working nnity is forbidden in the name of anthority or in the 
name of liberty. It lifts its moral necessities before the separated and divided forces 
of ri-ihteousness, and asks if this condition must needs be. Who creates it? Who 
justifies it? It passes no judgment upon questions of polity or questions of faith, it 
respects the sacredness of inspiration and the -sacredness of institutions, but it asserts 
thlroufrh all its pleading necessities the supremacy of righteousness. 

The city, in its action upon Christianity, is thus becoming one of the great unifying 
forces in religion. A result is being achieved under its demands for which other 
agencies' have proveil insufficient. I do not overestimate the effect of its influence. It 
does not accomplish, or even forecast, ecclesiastical nnity. That must come, if at all, 
from within. It must have an inward, not an outward, compulsion. 15ut moral and 
religious unity, co-o|)eration for work, alliance for conflict, this is one contribution of 
the modern cit3' to Christianity. 

Among so many illustrations of this fact, I hesitate to give an example. But there 
is one near enough at hand, and so pertinent that I refer to it. For several years the city 
of Cambridge, Mass., has been able to maintain a firm, consistent, and effective position 
on the practical issues of temperance. This result has been brought about by the 
union of all the forces which make \q> the higher life of the city. The voice of labor, of 
business, of the University, and of the Church has been one and the same. The union 
among the churches has been especially noticeable, because natural, sustained, and 
complete. It has represented all polities and all faiths. Catholics and I'rotestants have 
spoken from the same platform, and have worked together at the polls. And when 
recently one of the bravest and most earnest champions of the cause, the minister of a 
certain denomination, was called to a western city, the clergy of every faith, and the 
citizens of every party came together to bid him God speed. Such here and there ia 
the present fact. Such is the growing hope for the influence of the city upon 
Christianity. Organized righteousness is one step, it is a long step, toward religious 
unity. 

There is another aspect in which the actual working of Christianity in the spiritual 
life of the city is becoming distinctive, namely, the producton of unusual types of 
character. We have been accustomed to look to the country for individuality. We 
have said that the city makes men conventional, molds them to its own type, and so 
makes them alike. I believe that this distinction is still true in large degree. We have 
also been accustotoed to look elsewhere than to the city for the more devout forms of 
religious life. Paul, indeed, addressed the Christians of Corinth, as called to be saints, 
but the response was not such as to create a precedent in favor of the saintliness of 
the city. 

In one respect, however, the balance of religious power as between localities has 
changed. The prophet no longer comes from the desert. The message which he bears 
is not only to the city, and from within, but from the city to the country at large. The 
great ])rophetic denunciations of wrong, — the curse of slavery, the crime of corruption, — 
have come from the i)ulpit and from the press of the city. The city is becoming the 
home, the moral birthplace, of the reformer. 

The types of character, however, which I have in mind as I speak, are more strictly 
personal. They are represented by men as individuals or in groups. 

The Christianity of the city is developing a type of character strong in the i)ower 
of resistance. The citj- is a repository of trusts. Its citizens are becoming in large 
degree trust bearers. As such they are exposed to extraordinary temptations. Some 
fall before them, but the proportion is small, and out of those who stand, there are 
constant examples of those who statid grandly, with a magnificent resolution and 
tenacity. Everj- one who knows such men, knows that they are worthy of the title 
borne by one of the heroes of the war,— "The rock of Chickamauga." The tides of 
financial battles roll against them in vain. When the battle is over they have held 
their ground. They are at their post. 



THE SPIRITUAL LIFE OF THE MODERN CITY. 37 

Let us not underestimate the negative virtues, tlie virtues of the Old Testament, 
the virtues of men trained under the ceaseless iteration of the command, thou shalt not. 
They give security to our institutions. They are the safeguard of the national honor. 
There are times when the country rests upon the conservatism of the cities. There are 
national issues which the cities as such are apt to ignore or neglect, or upon which they 
act unintelligently. The political judgment of a city is not always up to the standard 
of the country at large. But when issues are at stake affecting the stability of insti- 
tutions, the rights of iulieritance and possession, the credit of individuals and of the 
government, the city is not reckless. And to the charge of self interest which may be 
urged, the reply is sufficient, that at such a time whoever saves himself and defends 
his own, thereby defends every other man and saves the state. 

And closely akin to this tj'pe which is characterized by the power of resistance, 
another, and perhaps finer, type is gradually forming. It is that of character under 
self-restraint, reaching- at times to self-denial and sacrifice. When the old Roman 
emperor and saint wrote the words, "Even in a palace life may be led well," he was 
thinking of the temptations of the courts. These same temptations today confront 
young men of fortune of the city. They have the choice of self-resti-aint or profligacy. 
Some choose profligacy. These are the most serious menaces we have to the stability of 
democratic institutions. The mere display of wealth is aggravating to a democracy, 
especially if the wealth displayed can show no equivalent in some form of the public 
good. But the flaunting of wealth in the eyes of men, the sign of shame, is not only 
beastly, it has a political significance: it is destructive of every principle on which the 
Republic is based. 

But on the other hand suppose that the man who has this open choice does not 
choose to be a profligate. Suppose he holds himself in restraint, and listens to higher 
ambitions, and gives himself and his fortune to noble ends, shall no credit be, given to 
him commensurate with the shame which attaches to his brother? But such choices 
are being made constantly. The city is to be credited with the good as well as the bad 
choices. If it allures with its vices, it appeals through its wide and far-reachitig oppor- 
tunities. And when the appeal is heard and obeyed, a type of character is developed 
which is unique. It cuts across that self-seeking type which is continually seeking and 
using the city for gain or advantage. It represents what the young ruler might have 
represented if he had given his jiossessions to the poor and followed Christ. The man 
of today obeys that injunction of the JIaster, not by parting company with his posses- 
sions, but by giving himself in and through them to the public good. 

Such types of character as these are peculiar to the city. They can hardly be devel- 
oped elsewhere. They are the outcome of its temptations and opportunities. 

The final aspect of the working of Christianity in and through the spiritual life of 
the city, to which I refer as being peculiar and distinctive, appears from time to time 
in the moral and religious enthusiasms of men in the mass. The city alone can reveal 
in its just proportions the enthusiasm of humanity. 

The great bishop of North Africa, wearied with the distractions of the cities and 
sick at heart of their conventionalities, took his appeal on one occasion straight to the 
individual soul. "I summon thee, O Soul, not as thou art in the groves and academies, 
not as thou art in the marketplace, but as thou art at the cross roads, unlettered and 
unlearned, naked and alone." He had his authority for such an appeal in the very 
constitution of the human soul. It was made to stand by itself before God. "So then 
fevery one of them must give account of himself to God." 

But there is an instinct in every man which craves a place in the great human 
brotherhood. At times we all long to lose ourselves in it. We want to be caught up 
into the higher moods and swayed by the wider passions which are the property not of 
men as individuals, but of humanity. The properties of water are the same in all 
places. The ocean alone feels the tides. Men in their individual and associated lives 



38 SE.MI-CEXTENNIAL OF MAXCUESTER, X. H. 

havR movement ami eurreiit. The tides are in humanity. And we catch somethins,'- of 
their ebb and flow, as tlie local mass of which we are a part begins to be moved by a 
common impulse. The moral uprising of a city has in it the heave and swell of the sea. 
I have heard once and again, in the gra])hic words of Ur. Fenn, the story of the 
npnsiiig of Manchester at the fall of Sumter, when men were lifted by one common 
movement on the full swell of patriotism. That one event changed in a moment the 
moral tone and temper of the city. Jlen walked these streets with another bearing, they 
wrought their daily tasks with a more serious purpose, they talked one with another 
in a language which IkuI a meaning, they prayed face to face with God. Whether they 
went to the tield or stayed at their woi-k, they fought the battles of the Republic in 
their own souls. Kvery citj- of the North was swayed l)y the same emotion. It was 
as if the foundations were broken up, and deep was calling unto deep. 

The s])iritual life of a city may show a yet deeper and more spiritual possession. 
I appeal to :ni.\ iii.ni who has seen and felt the spirit of (iod descending upon a city, and 
resting upon it. A whole city, feeling at its heart the peace of tjod, the strife of 
tongues still, enmities and jealousies and hate subdued, the love of neighbor for the 
time as natural as the love of self, the things of the spirit as plain as the things of 
sense, the heart of the dull made quick to the truth, the doubts and fears and unbeliefs 
of men lost in the reality of faith, and the joy of forgiveness — what was all this but the 
earthly realization, though for the time, of the city of God, a vision of the new .Terusalem 
come down from God out of Heaven? 

Brethren and friends of this Christian cily: In speaking to you of the spiritual life 
of the modern <ity, 1 have spoken out of an impulse, not yet spent, from the spiritual 
life of your own cit.v. Coming here at the opening of my ministry, a learner rather 
than a teacher of the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, I came to see, as I then believed, 
the things of the spirit in this community. Looking back over a score of j'ears, I am 
confident that I was not deceived. What things I was then taught by experience to 
recognize as belonging to the spiritual life of a city, these same things I have learned to 
recognize elsewhere with a clearer vision and with a larger faith. Our churches are 
not separate from the workshop, the office, the school, the college. The men with whom 
we worship are the \ery men with ^\hom we walk the street, at whose side we \vork, 
with wlinui we lay the plans of our business enterprises, wilh whom we study in our 
search alter knowledge and truth. 

Let us not rule God out of any part of his world. Why should not He make His hab- 
itation wherever men build their homes and do their work, and fight their battles. What 

has religion to fc;ir If the modern city, except it be some kind of faint-hearted ness 

or doubt or disloyalty on the part of His church. 

I congratulate yo\i upon the assurances, the guarantees, you have for Christian 
service and Christian citizenship in this city. The recoi'd of the past as you have told it 
in your churches is an honorable record. But Manchester is still in the formative state. 
The fifty years which are past have not so determined its spiritual life that it may not 
be broadened and deepened in every part. Open your minds and hearts yet more and 
more, I pray yon, to the spiritual capacity of your city, so that its material supremacy, 
while thereby ennobled and ensured, may yet be overshadowed by the power of the 
city for righteousness. 

Followiiii: the address, Ecv. T. Eaton C'lapp, 1). D., offered a sliort prayer, and 
tl)e audience tlien arose and sang "America," the. hymn being announced by Rev. 
Henry E. Coolvc. At the close, benediction was prononnced by Rev. T. M. Davies. 

The pulpit used u])on the stage had Ijelonged in the Free Baptist church for 
over fifty years. 




HON. WILLIAM C. CLARKE, MAYOR. 
CHAIRMAN OF GENERAL COMMITTEE. 



CIVIC AND MILITARY PARADE. 

MONDAY, SEPT. 7. 



Monday, the second day of the celebration, was an ideal one for the g:rand 
parade of civic and military organizations. After the heavy rains of the day before, 
the sun shone forth in all its glory, the warm September rays quickly drying the 
streets and the folds of the flags and hunting which bedecked every house and 
building along the route, and in all sections of the city. The procession was the 
largest and most imposing that was ever seen in New Hampshire. It comprised six 
thousand men, twenty-five bands, and fifteen drum corps, and was one hour and a 
quarter in passing a given point. Under the efficient direction of Chief Marshal 
Henry B. Fairbanks and Chief of Staff S. S. Piper, the great procession was handled 
with marvelous precision, and started promptly at the time set — 11 o'clock. The 
streets were thronged with people, it being estimated that at least fifty thousand 
visitors were in the city. The police arrangements were perfect, and not a single 
accident occurred to mar the festivities of the day. 

Early in the day the guests of the city gathered at city hall, where they were 
oflficially received by His Honor Mayor Clarke and Hon. P. C. Cheney, chairman, 
members of the reception committee, and city government officials. The guests 
included all living ex-mayors of the city, every one being present. Through the 
generosity of citizens, elegant private carriages were tendered for use of guests in 
the procession. A lunch was served the guests at city hall. 

The entire brigade of New Hampshire National Guard was given a lunch on 
arrival, the companies reporting immediately at the handsome new freight station 
of the Boston & Maine Pailroad, kindly tendered for the occasion by President 
Lucius Tuttle. 

The parade ]iassed over the following route: From Central street up Elm to 
Webster, Webster to Chestnut, Chestnut to Appleton, Appleton to Elm, Elm to 
Hanover, Hanover to Union, Union to Lowell, Lowell to Pine, Pine (review stand 
on Tremont square) to Bridge, Bridge to Beech, Beech to Merrimack, Merrimack to 
Elm. 

The procession was reviewed at the grand stand by (iovernor Busiel and stalT, 
the city government officials and guests. The old residents also occupied seats upon 
the stand. 

A portion of the line also proceeded through West ilerrimack street to Canal, 
Canal to Bridge, Bridge to Amory, x\mory to Main, ilain to School, School to 
Second, Second to Walker, Walker to JIain, Main to Amory. Amory to Bridge. 

■10 



ROSTER OF PROCESSION. 



Police Officers Archambeault and Hayes, mounted. 
Platoon of Police, Deputy Chief John F. Cassidy commanding. 

Officers Lovejoy, Burns, P>ollinK, Sullivan, Butler, Bourrassa, Hampston, Ilealy, 
Ni.xon, Russell, Somers, O'ilalley. 

chief marshal. 
Col. Henry B. Fairbanks. 



Herman F. Rodelsperger. 
Robert Shirley. 
AYill F. Harrington. 
W. S. :Martin, Jr. 
F. W. McKinley. 
John Gannon, Jr. 
Edward F. Scheer. 
John C. Bickford. 
William J. Starr. 



CHIEF OF STAFF. 

C.\PT. Samuel S. Piper. 

STAFF. 

J. B. Estey. 
Charles W. Stevens. 
Charles W. Bailey. 
Natt Doane. 
Fritz Peterson. 
Ernest C. Wescott. 
Joseph O. Tremblay. 
John F. Clough. 
Edmund F. Higgins. 



Frank J[. Rollins. 
Ed. Leblanc. 
Harry I'. Ray. 
N. J. Whalen. 
Daniel F. Healy. 
James P. Tnttle. 
A. D. Maxwell. 
W. H. Whitney. 
Frank B. Perkins. 



FIRST DIVISION. 

Signal Corps, 7 men, Sergt. Harry F. Vickery commanding. 

First Brigade, New Hampshire National Guard, Brig. Gen. George M. L. Lane com- 
manding. 

Lieut. Col. Harry B. Cilley, assistant adjutant-general, JIanchester; Lieut. Col. 
Edward H. Currier, medical director, Manchester; Major Frank L. Kimball, inspector of 
rifle practice, Nashua; Major Arthur H. Chase, judge advocate. Concord; Capt. John 
Gannon, Jr., quartermaster, Manchester; Capt. Frank G. Dort. commissary, Keene; Capt. 
Charles S. Murkland, aid-de-camp, Durham; Capt. Arthur H. Knowlton, aid-de-camp. 
Concord; Fred M. Caswell, sergeant-clerk, Manchester; Charlie B. Bodwell, quarter- 
master sergeant, Manchester; John W. Carleton, trumpeter, Manchester; Lucius B. 
Snelling, hospital steward, Manchester; ilorris M. Cheney, color sergeant, Bennington. 

Drum Major F. H. Pike. 

Germania band of Boston, Emil MuUenhauer. conductor. 

Third Regiment, Col. R. H. Rolfe of Concord commanding; Lieut. Col. W. C. Tren- 
oweth, Concord; Major Edmund Tetley, Laconia; Maj. William Tutherly, Concord. 
Staff: Adj. G. D. Waldron, Concord; Lieut. F. G. Carter, Lebanon; Lieut. H. B. Roby, 
Concord; Capt. G. H. Colby, Plymouth; Capt. Robert Burns, Plymouth; Capt. A. K. Day, 
Concord; Capt. H. P. Dewey, Concord; Sergt. Maj. H. H. Dwight, Concord; Quartermaster 
Sergt. D. C. Richardson, Concord; Com. Sergt. G. L. Pickering, Laconia; Hospital Steward 
J. R. Berry, Concord; Drum ;Major W. L. Philbrick, Franklin Falls; Chief Trumpeter, 
F. W. Brown, Concord; Chief Musician, A. F. Nevers, Concord. 

41 



42 SEMI-CENTEXXIAL OF MAXCIIESTER. N. H. 

Company H, Franklin Falls, 31 men. l.ient. A. \V. KoUins. Lieut. R. X. Judkins. 

Company K, l^aeonia, 24 men. l.ient. William .\. Sanliorn. Lieut, .\llen if. .\very. 

( (impany A, I'ortsnioutli, :is men. C;ipt. \V. 11. Wliilc-. .!r.. Lieut, 'riiomas 1'. Wilson, 
Lieut. Frank Faulkner. 

Company D, Claremont, '.',2 men. C'a))t. J. C. Timson. Lieut. Fred .T. Miller. 

Company K. Concord, 1.' nuMi. Cnpt. (). ('•. Ilaminond. Lieut. T. I". ClitTord. Lieut. 
C. L. .Mason. 

Company C, Concord, :i7 men. Capt. C. H. Slauiels, Lieut. .\. F. MeKellar. 

Northwood band, S. A. Swaine leader. 

Second Kefj'iment. Col. .lason F. Tolles eommantlins': Lieut. Col. F. O. Ninis. Keene; 
Maj. E. O. I'pham, Keene: .Maj. W. B. Coodspeed. Nashua. Staff: Adjt. C. W. Howard, 
Nashua: Maj. H. II. Jewell, Nashua: Capt. .1. C. Parker, Farminpfton: Ca])t. C. -\. Uoliy, 
Nashua; Capt. H. 1!. Smith, Nashua; Lieut. F. E. Howe, Keene; Lieut. C. M. Morse, 
Nashua; Sergt. Maj. i:. 1'. W liitney, Nashua; Quartermaster Sergt. E. H. FoUett, Milford; 
Com. Sergrt. E. 11. Faxon, .Nashua: Hosjiital MnJ. S. F. Button, Keene; Drum Major W. P. 
Cunimings, Hudson; Chief Trumpeter, (1. \\ . Uohinson, ISoehester: Chief Musician, 
M. J. Uevine, Nashua: Principal Musician, .\. 11. Druniui. Nashua: Color Serift. K. 
P.rooks, Manchester. 

('om|)any C, Nashua, ■)() men. Lieut. E. S. AVoods. l.ient. C. A. Poff. 

Coniiiany D, Milford, -10 men. Cajit. Benton Mills, Lieut. L. ( . Hall. 

Company F, Farniington, '20 men. Ca])t. H. J. Pike, Lieut. .1. F. Nutter, Lieut. E. B. 
Hayes. 

Company C, Keene, lis men. Lieut. K. M. Keyes, Lieut. .1. C. Peed. 

Company 11. Kccnc. 47 men. Ca])t. P. I". P.aljbidge, Lieut. T. .\. Smith. Lieut. W. E. 
Wrig-ht. 

F'oster Kitle Drum Corps, (i. W. Pfooper, leader. 

Company I, Nashua, 4.1 men. Cajjt. F. IL Thompson. Lieut. 1{. P.rooks, ^ranchester. 

Company K, Nashua. 4r, men. Lieut. .\. (',. Sluittui'U. Lieut. ( . II. I'.arUer. 

First Keg-iment, Col. Walter W. Scott, Dover, commaudint;-: J,icut. Col. Louis tiold- 
schmidt, Dover; Major E. H. Knight, Jlnnchester; Adjt. H. C. Grime, Major A. Gale 
Straw, Manchester; Cajjt. F. B. Perkins, Capt. F. J. Shephard. Capt. G. E. Hall, Lieut. .J. E. 
Porter, Lieut. J. C. Sawyer, Sergt. Major C. J. Senter, (Juartermaster Sergt. .1. J^. Toliin, 
Com. Sergt. If. T. C.ront, Hosi)ital Steward ]{. E. Walsh. Chief Trumpeter Harry Dore, 
Drum :\fajor F. H. Pike, Banihuaster W . H. S. Jones. 

Kingston Cornet Band, IL L. Webster, leader. 

Company H, Manchester, 4.") men. Capt. .M. P. .Mayuai-d, Lieut. Louis Coiucaii, Lieut. 
Trefie Raichc. 

Company B, .Manchester. .",(1 meii. Capt. William Sullivan, Lieut. .1. F. P.agley, Lieut. 
Timothy Sullivan. 

Comptmy K. Manchester, .'.n men. Capt. .1. F. Kagan, Lieut. M. .1. llc.ily. Lieut. J. F. 
Brown. 

Company D. ])o\'er. 4tJ men. Cai)t. I). ^■. Pdliinson, Lieut. C. I-;. ILinsoii. Lieut, (I. W. 
Ham. 

Company .\, Dover, .';2 men. Capt. F. I-: Pnllins. Lic-\it. i:. 1). Smith. Lieut. F. II. 
Keenan. 

Compan.N (', Manchester. :;s men. Capt. V.. M. Larrabee. Lieut. .1. 11. Irving, Lieut. 
E. T. Currier. 

Company F, Manchester, :•.') men. Capt. C. i:. ■,luiml)y, Lieut. E. T. Sherburm>. Licvit. 
Benjamin Leacock. 

Company L, Manchester, :is nien. (apt. .Miraham Ciislin. Lieut. C. K. Nelson, Lieut. 
J. F. Herring. 




CUL. HENRY B. F^-J 

CHIEF MARSHAL. 





CAPT, S. S. PIPEii. 

CHIEF OF STAFF, SEPT^ 7. 



CAPT. JOHN GANNON, JR. 
CHIEF OF STAFF. SEPT. 9. 



44 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MAXCUESTER, N. U. 

First Lig-ht Uatterv, Manchester, SO men, Lieut. S. i;. Wulliue i-cinini;uulinfr; Lieut. 
John .v. Barker, Lieut. Charles A. Chapman. 

Troop A Cavalry, .\. H. N. G., I'eterhorouf^li, (U) men, ("apt. Cliarles li. Davis, eonimaud- 
inp; Lieut. Cliarles 11. Diitton, Lieut. ClitTord Cowinfr. 

'I'loop V Cavalrv, l'. S. A.. Fort Ethan Allen, Burling-ton, \t., ,jl men, Capt. George 
A. Dixkl commanding; Lieut. Uaniel S. Tate, Lieut. .Tohn S. JJyan. 

Carriages containing Gov. Charles A. Busiel, Mayor W. C. Clarke, Hon. Henry E. 
Burnham, Hon. Charles H. Bartlett, Maj. Gen. A. D. Ayling, Gen. John H. Brown, Gen. 
Frank S. Streeter, Col. William .1. Hoyt, Col. Bertram Ellis, Col. A. T. Thoits, CoL L. A. 
Merrovv, Senator William E. Cliandler, Congressman Cyrus A. Sulloway, Congressman 
Henry M. Baker, ex-Ciov. Moody Currier, e.\-(iov. Charles H. Sawyer, ex-Gov. P. C. 
Cheney, ex-Gov. Hiram A. Tuttle, ex-Ciov. David H. (ioodell, ex-Gov. .John B. Smith, 
Hon. .Vretas Blood, ex-ilayor Isaac W. Smith, ex-Mayor Ira Cross, ex-Mayor Alpheus 
Gay, ex-Mayor John V. Newell. ex-.\Iayor David 1!. Varney, ex-Mayor George H. Stearns, 
ex-Mayor Edgar J. Knowlton, Josiah Carpenter, Mayor G. W. McDuffee of Keene, Mayor 
W. 0. .lunkins of Portsmouth, Dudley D. Sawyer of Dover, Hon. Charles T. Means, Hon. 
David Cross, Mayor J. W. Howard of Nashua, Charles D. McDuffie, City Solicitor Edwin 
F. Jones, City Clerk Nathan P. Kidder, Slayor W. F. Nason of Dover, Mayor K. 11. 
Sturtevant of Franklin, H. P. liolfe of Concord, Hon. James F. Briggs, Hon. Henry (). 
Kent of Lancaster, Hon. George A. Bamsdell of Nashua, Rev. Dr. W. J. Tucker of Dart- 
mouth College, Gen. R. N. Batchelder, Hon. Henry M. Putney, S. N. Bnurne, Rev. B. W. 
Lockhart, lit. Rev. D. M. Bradley, Rev. Allen E. Cross, Col. Daniel Hall of Dover, Cajit. 
T. H. Barry, U. S. A., Capt. H. E. Tutherly, U. S. A. 

Carriage containing the four oldest native residents of Manchester: Mrs. Joseph 
C. Moore, born in 1801; Mrs. Louisa B. Robie, Ijorn in 1S09; Isaac Huse, born in ISIO; 
Col. John S. Kidder, born In 1811. 

Carriage containing veterans of the Mexican War: \\illiain Conway. Reese Heni- 
inger, and Franklin FoUansbee. and John D. White of Nashua. 

Carriages containing members of the city government and city officials. 

SECOND DIVISION. 

Marshal, Frank Preston. 

Aids, Charles A. Flint, James B. Thurston, Fred L. Hodgman, John Y. Cres.sey, 
Isaac R. Dewey, J. Henr.v DeCourcy, Frank L. Downs, James F. Burton, T. E. Barr, 
W. H. Ryder. 

City Band, Manchester, Horace D. Gordon, leader: Moody K. Wilson, drum major. 

Amoskeag Veterans, Maj. Moses Wadleigh commanding; .\djutant John (Jannon, 
Jr., Captain Comi)any .\, A\ illiani B. Orrill; Captain Comjiany B, J;nnes R. Carr; 
escorting Col. .To.seph O. Harvey of the Old Guard, New York City, and delegation from 
Worcester Continentals, Lieut. Col. W. A. Gile in command. 

Manchester Fife and Drum Corps, J. IL McCabe, leader. 

Louis Bell Post, G. A. R., CO men, Andrew J. Bennett, comni;nider: .Vdjutant (). D. 
Kimball. 

Joseph Freschl Post, (!. .\. R., 35 men, George A. Durgin, conuuaiider; .\djutant 
A. A. Bowdoin. 

Excelsior Drum Corps, Lawrence, Mass., J. F. Sullivan, leader. 

Manchester Cadets, 4'2 men. Capt. Arthur L. Franks. Lieut. Harrie M. Young, Lieut. 
Hugh Taggart, escorting Cadet Veteran Association, IG men, Herbert W. Eastman, 
president. 

Sacred Heart Drum Corps, Nashua. 

Lafayette Guards, Nashua, 32 men. Capt. L. A. Girouard, Lieut. W. A. Cote. 



KOSTER OF PROCESSION. 45 

THIRD DIVISION. 

Marshal, Frank P. Parshley. 

Aids: Edward E. Stockbridge, Orren L. Hazclton, Xapoleon Gagnon, Fred Smith, 
L. C. Parshley, Joseph \V. Shaw, Marcus Xylan, Alexander Jlclntosh. 

Keeves's Band of Providence, D. \V. Peeves, leader. 

Central Labor Union, Manchester, Frank P. Collins, marshal, 40 men. 

Manchester Letter-Carriers, 35 men. Captain William E. Dunbar. Delegation.s from 
Nashua and Concord carriers. 

Fairplay Assembly, Boot and Shoe Workers, 30 men, C. J. Cruise, marshal; George 
H. Healy, assistant marshal. 

Barge containing 50 ladies of Fairplay Union. 

Concord Central Labor Union and Granite Cutters, J. J. Foley and J. J. McCabe, 
marshals, 200 men. 

JIanchester Typographical Union, 40 men, John P. Arthur, president. 

Concord Typographical Union, 20 men, M. H. Gurley, president. 

Excelsior Drum Corps, G. A. Kiel, leader. 

Cotton Mule Spinners' Association, 70 men, John Turner, president. 

Pittsfield Drum Corps, W. B. Hill, leader. 

Lasters' Union, Boot and Shoe Workers, Manchester, 50 men, W. E. Bailey, president. 

Float showing lasting of shoes by members of Lasters' Union. 

Journeyman Barbers' Union, Manchester, 40 men, J. G. Whelpley, president. 

Delegations from Concord Barbers' Union. 

FOURTH DIVISION. 

Jlarshal, Scott W. Lane. 

Aids: Uriah A. Caswell, Willis B. Patten, Clarence M. Woodbury, Alonzo Tarbell, E. T. 
Hardy, Robert Shirley, C. H. Richardson, G. E. French, D. G. Mills, S. T. Worthen. 

Rublee's Band of Lakeport, A. F. Rublce, leader. 

Brigadier-General L. S. Richardson of Concord. Staff: Col. H. C. Bailey, Col. I. Q. 
Scott, Jlajor John W. Bourlet, Major T. A. Maxfield, Capt. H. J. Weston, Jiajor James 
Lightbody. 

First Regiment, Patriarchs Militant, New Hampshire Brigade, Col. H. A. Currier of 
Concord. Staff: Capt. G. N. Cheever, Capt. H. L. Young, Capt. E. R. Noyes, Major O. F. 
Emerson, Capt. C. H. Barrett, Capt. J. E. Merrill. 

Grand Canton Wildey of Concord, 40 men, Capt. F. D. Holmes. 

Canton Osgood of Laconia, 25 men, Capt. J. M. Cottrell, Lieut. E. H. Richardson. 

Canton Franklin of Franklin, 25 men, Capt. J. E. Keating, Lieut. H. F. Davis. 

Canton Tilton of Tilton, 20 men. 

Canton Albion of Woodsville, 18 men, Capt. S. P. Dearth. 

Canton Oasis of Claremont, 30 men, Capt. B. E. Grittin. 

Second Regiment, Col. C. T. Lund. Staff: Lieut. Col. D. J. Jones, Capt. A. S. Wallace, 
Capt. C. W. Clement, Capt. C. A. Perry, Lieut. Allen E. Wheeler, Capt. John A. Go.ss. 

Milford Cornet Band, D. A. Vittum, leader. 

Grand Canton Ridgely of JIanchester, 55 men, Capt. J. E. Merrill, Lieut. T. J. W'yatt, 
Ensign J. H. Fullerton. 

Canton Gen. Stark of Snncook, 24 men, Capt. G. P. Appleton, Lieut. John D. Swett. 

Drummers and bugler from Portsmouth Navy Yard. 

Canton Senter, Portsmouth, 20 men, Capt. f'enjamin W. Burke, Lieut. H. J. Freeman. 

Canton Parker of Dover, 35 men, Capt. (harks G. Foster, Lieut .John H. Lord. 

Canton A of Nashua, 42 men, Capt. M. S. French. Lieut. E. P. .Johnson. 

Independent Drum Corps, J. H. ilcKenzie, leader. 



46 SE.MI-CKNTEXXIAL 01" MANCHESTER, N. II. 

Uncanoonuc Lodg-e, ]. O. (). F., itaiichestcr, \V. J. Jameson, marshal. 

Good Templar Float — .\ ylobe with a band beariiiir the words, "Our Field," sur- 
mounted by au arch with the words, "!n<le|>eiiili-iit Order of (iood Temjilars, TJO,000 
strong." 

FIFTH DIVISION. 

Marshal, .\bner .1. .Sanborn. 

Aids: .J. I'.vron Huse, l.erov M. Streeter. Williaui 11, Straw, II. \V. Oxford, Edward 
H. Cloug-h, Murdoek .\. Weathers, .\rthnr ]|. Cate, ('. ('. Webster, Eugene 1!. l)iiiil)ar, 
Harry A. I'ijjer, Henry .\. llerriek, Albert J. Wilkinson. 

Improved Order of Ked -Men, Samuel F. Davis, chief marshal; Charles F. (ilidden, aid. 

Indian 'I'om-tom Band, .\. .\1. Marr, William T. Lockhead, William L. Ellsworth, 
Fred D. Carleton, Oliver Farmer, -Alexander Taggart. 

Float arranged by I'assaconnaway, Agawam, and JIanest|uo Tribes of ilanchcster, 
representing an Indian village scene. Figures by the following: Chief, Charles E. 
Blanchard; warriors, M. W. Libbey. .Tames S. Brown, George D. Soper: pappoose, Charlie 
Blanchard; scpiaw, Lorenzo Hamilton; medicine man, William X. Colby. 

(Jreat Council Improved Order Ked Men of New Hai'ipshire. Great Sachem Thomas 
C. Hennem of Rochester, Great Senior Sagamore John II. Toof of Concord. Great. .Junior 
Sagamore George D. Wheelock of Keene, Great Prophet Thurston O. ('alley of Franklin, 
Great Keeper of Records James F. Whitehead of Dover, Great Keeper of Wampum Ben- 
jamin Herbert of Manchester, (ireat Sannap J. Fred Emery of Exeter. Great Mishinevva 
Henry C. Wallace of Manchester, Great Guard of Wigwam Lester C. Dearth of Laconia, 
Great Guard of Forest Ceylon Spinney of Portsmouth. 

Passaconnaway, Agawam, and Manesquo Tribes in original Indian costumes, 90 
horsemen. 

Unnuiformed delegation of local Red Men. I'scorting out-of-town guests, marshal, 
M. B. Savory. 

Passaconnaway Tribe of Lowell, 2.') men; sachem, Charles Smith. 

Monnomake Tribe of Franklin Falls, 25 men; sachem, E. S. Avery. 

Pontauhum Tribe of Laconia, 20 men; sachem. L. A. Dearth. 

Watananock Tribe of Nashua, 20 men; chief, W. C. Salkins. 

Skitchawangh Tribe of Claremont, 30 men;, sachem, E. H. King. 

Winnipiseogee Tribe of Center Harbor, 10 men; sachem, George H. Richardson. 

Pokahoket Tribe of Keene, 40 men; sachem, W. J. Wheeloek. 

Massasoit Tribe of Portsmouth, 10 men; sachem, JL H. Phinney. 

W ehanownowit Tribe of Exeter, .10 men; sachem, .7. H. Elkins. 

Hillsborough Band of Hillsborough, H. S. Appleton, leader. 

Order United American Mechanics: General Stark Council, Ben Franklin Council, 
Evening Star Council, and Sunset Council, of ^Manchester, Horace Greeley Council of 
Londonderry, l.'fO men, marshal, E. B. Dunbar. Aids: Herbert H. Kew, Edson J. Wyman. 

Carriage containing Supreme Governor J. Albion Briggs, Supreme Treasurer A. V. 
Bugbee, Lieutenant Supreme Governor J. S. Taft of Keene, and .1. C. Rollins of Manches- 
ter, representing the United Order of Pilgrim Fathers. 

W'eb.ster Colony of Pilgrim Fathers — Float containing members of Degree Staff in 
costume. 

SIXTH DIVISION. 

Marshal, George W. Prescott. 

Aids: Harry I. Dodge, Fred T. l)unla|). E. H. Dunbar, E. H. Holmes, .1. W. Clapp, 
C. H. Butman, F. C. Darrah, Curtis W. Davis, C. W. Colby, G. A. Currier. 




BRIG, -GEN. G. M. L. LANE, 
FIRST BRIGADE, N. H. N. G, 



CAPT, GEORGE A, DODD. 

F TROOP, THIRD U. S. CAVALRY. 




STAFF OF CHIEF MARSHAL. 



48 SEMI-CENTEXXIAL OK .MANCHESTER, N. H. 

First IJefriment New Hampshire I'liiforiuccl Kiiiik, Kni<>hts of Pythias, oomniandecl 
1j\ Major ('. 1!. lloyt of I'ortsmoiith. Aids on Start": Brig. (len. Fraul\lin W. MoKinley 
of -Mancliester, Cajit. A. A. Yoiiiifr of Concord. 

I'ortsnionth Cadet J'and, ,). ]). Metcalf, leader. 

Lncullus Division of Portsmouth, 35 men; Capt. C. X. Lord. 

Laconia Division of Laconia, 30 men; Capt. James B. FernaUl. 

Story Division of Manchester, CO men; Capt. Charles E. Atkins. 

Pillsbnry Division of Concord, 44 men; Capt. James E. Tucker. 

Currier Division of Newport, 27 men: Capt. Samuel D. Lewis. 

Carrintre containing- Col. C. S. Clilford of Dover, Lieut. Col. A. W. Griffiths of \ew- 
niarkct, Sergt. Major F. 1". Colby of Manchester, Quartermaster Sergt. J. F. Ward of 
Concord. 

Golden Kule Lotlp-e, Knig-hts of ]'ytbi;is — Float represent ini;- Pxthias at the execu- 
tion block, .Albert lUiemely, heraltl. 

(iolden Kule Lodge, Knights of Pythias, :;o men; marshal, James P. Slattery. 

St. I'aurs C. T. A. and M. B. Society — Float representing "Progress." Four figures: 
Agnes Gillis, herald, Rose Magan, Josejihine lloran, and Lizzie Flannagan, from Auxiliar,v 
Corps, preceded by guard of 24 men, costumed as sailors, and commanded by Capt. 
Thomas Kean. 

St. I'auTs C. T. A. and M. I!. Society. 110 nien. Major Daniel F. Shea in command. 

^'ovuig .Men's Catluilie I'nion. Tj men, John F. Shea, president. 

SEVENTH DIVISION. 

Marshal, .lames G. l^ake. 

Aids: \V. X. Townsend, \V. If. Hickey, J. B. Nourse, G. R. Dustin, A. C. Bento, B. A. 
Wright, Eugene F. Clough. C. H. Babbitt, W. H. Carpenter, E. P. Cogswell. 

Hearts of Oak Lodge. Sons of St. George, 60 men; David Baradale, commandi-r. 

Welcome Stranger Lodge, Sons of St. George, Concord, 30 men; Henry I'.rown, 
commander. 

Friendship Lodge. Sons of St. George, Lawrence, Mass., 125 men. 

Order Scottish Clans, John Scott, Lowell, and A. McKenzie, Boston, pipers. 

Clan McKenzie, Manchester, 50 men; John iloorc, chief. 

Clan McPherson, Lawrence, Alass., 25 men; James Gray, henchman. 

Clan Campbell, Concord, 25 men: Duncan Livingston, chief. 

()neen City Drum Corjjs, .J. K. ('ashman, leader. 

Cigarmakers' I'nion, 100 men; President John Welch, commander. 

Float, Union Label Cigars, John Hoflferd, driver. 

EIGHTH DIVISION. 

Marshal, Theodore Becker. 

Aids: .\dolph Bauernfreund, Charles (iaudes, Herman Gncntlier, Herman Schloth, 
Reinhart Hecker. 

Turner Brass Band, .lolin P.runner. bandmaster: Carl Ditseh. drum major. 

(ieiu-ral Committee, Capt. Gottlieb (IralV, 36 men. 

P>aren llauter. Figure rejjresenting (ierman of nu'dieval ages on horseback. 

Fonr-horse float, "■(ierniania," decorated with leaves and artificial flowers wrought 
in wreaths and festoons, filled with allegorical figures clad in costumes representing the 
different eras of German civilization from the Middle Ages to the present. 

German Relief Society, Caiit. Fmil Schmiedel, 65 men. 

F'onr-horse float, ••Music." deeiirated with wreaths of ivv and floral creations, filled 



ROSTER OF PROCESSION. 



49 



with people dressed in elegant fancy eostunies representing German ninsicians of all 
stages of the art, past and i)reseiii. 

Beethoven Maennerchor, Capt. Martin Moll, M men. 

Four-horse float, by the JIanc-hester Turnverein, having for a center piece Turne 
Father Jahn seated on a pyramid bnilt of evergreen and flowers, and surrounded by a 
group of girls and boys from the several classes of the Turne school of athletics. 

Active Turners, Capt. Carl Foerster, L'O men. 
■'Second class Turne school, Capt. Charles Hecker. 21 lads. 

Four-horse float, "America," containing representatives of all nations, emblematic 
of our; population, decorated with evergreen and flowers, with Uncle Sam as driver, 
while under a canopy sat the Goddess of Liberty. The army, the navy, the workmen, 
and business of all classes represented by figures on the float. 

Barbarossa Lodge, Order of Harugari, Capt. Philip Simon, T2 men. 

NINTH DIVISION. 

^Marshal. William J. Freeman. 

Aids: Park H. Tierney, Thomas F. Thorp, Sam C. Forsaith, Charles Taylor, Edward 
B. Elwell, 1". H. O'.Malley, Charles C. Campliell, Daniel R. Hayes. 

Carroll County Cornet Band, Moult onborough, Edwin L. Smith, leader. 

Division Xo. 1, Ancient Order of Hibernians, 200 men. President, James J. Griffin; 
vice-president, Charles Nolan in command. 

Carriage containing State President James J. Griffin of Manchester, ex-State Pres- 
ident Hugh McDonough of Manchester. State Treasurer William J. Callahan of Keene, 
County President D. P. Stanton of Wilton. 

Division Xo. 2, Ancient Order of Hibernians, l.JO men. President, John P. Mullen; 
William Mahoney, marshal. 

Foster Rifles Drum Corps, Nashua, G. W. Hooper, leader. 

St. Joseph's Commandery, Kniglits of St. John, -10 men. Col. M. T. Burke, commander. 

Pontifical Zouaves, Division 1, 25 men. Isaac St. Cyr, commander. 

Pontifical Zouaves, Division 2, 25 men. Arthur Nerbonne, commander. 

TENTH DIVISION. 

Marshal, F. X. Chenette. 

Aids: A. L. Gadbcis, J. X. St. Germain, W. H. Adams, G. W. Hamlin, P. Gravellin, 
Peter Pelletier, Hertel Pariseau, Joseph Rivard, E. C. Ordway. 

Peabody Cadet Band, West Concord, F. W. Peabody, leader. 

St. .Jean Baptiste Society, ilarshal, Charles Liissier; assistant marshals, Isaac Bois- 
vert and Louis Patrau; president, J. O. Tremblay; vice-president, Celestine Lefebvre; 
125 men. 

Carriages containing Charles Dube and Jean Louis Gagnon, founders, and Charles 
Voyer, Zephonin Tremblay, P. D. St. Germain, and Joseph Lemerise, veteran members 
of St. Jean Baptiste Society-. 

Janesville Drum Corps, H. .S. Whitney, leader. 

St. Augustine Society, 50 men. I'resident, G. T. Biron; marshal, X'apoleon Charon; 
assistant marshal, .Joseph Carpenter. 

Albion Drum Corps, Amoskeag, William T. Copson, leader. 

L'Union St. George, 100 men. First Sergeant, Moses Dyson; second sergeant, Jean 
Dubois; orderly sergeant, Joseph Boisvert. 

Imperial Fife and Drum Corps, West Manchester, Archie Provencher, leader. 

Union Sacred Heart, 24 boys in red and gold uniforms. Captain, George Ladriere; 
president, Charles Martel. 

4 




GERMANIA BAND, DRUM MAJOR F. H. PIKE. 




AMOSKEAG VETERANS, ORGANISED 18b4. 



ROSTER OF PROCESSION. 51 

ELEVENTH DIVISION. 

Mounted Sir Knights Ossian D. Knox and Tliomas Hobbs, bearing- beauseants. 

Eminent Commander Isaac L. Heath of Trinity Commaudery, mounted. 

Jlounted Aids: Sir Knij>'hts Perry II. Dow, Fred A. Palmer, Henry W. Parl<er, George 
D. Towne, Cliarles K. Cox, Charles U. Sumner. 

Sir Knight Frank P. Cheney. 

First Regiment Hand, C. E. White, leader. 

Trinity Commandery of Manchester, 150 men. Eminent commander, Isaac L. Heath; 
generalissimo, Henry D. Soule; captain general, ,Iohn H. Wales, Jr.; acting prelate. .John 
Gillis; senior warden, Arthur S. Bunton; junior warden, Henry I. Haselton; treasurer, 
James H. Weston; acting recorder, Alonzo H. Weston; standard bearers, Leon E. Magoon, 
Benjamin VV. Robinson, Charles W. Farmer; sword bearer, Henry Lewis; warder, George 
N. IJurpee; captains of the guard, Charles G. Ranno, Elmer D. Goodwin, Fred K. Ramsey. 

Lynn Cadet Band, S. S. Lurvey, leader. 

De Witt Clinton Commandery of Portsmouth, 60 men. Eminent commander, Jlorris 
C. Foye; generalissimo, Gustave Peyser; captain general, Richard I. Walden; prelate, 
Albert R. Junkins; senior warden, Jesse H. Wilson; junior warden, William H. Fellows; 
treasurer, Wingate N. Ilsley; recorder, .lames L. Parker; standard bearer, Walter H. 
Page; sword bearer, Horace W. Waldron; warder, William H. Marshall; captains of the 
guard, Frank L. Pryor, John W. Newell, James G. Ward; sentinel, Robert H. Hall. 

Third Regiment Band, Arthur F. Nevers, leader. 

Mount Horeb Commandery of Concord, 125 men. Eminent commander, William J. 
Green; generalissimo, Sylvester P. Danforth; captain general, George D. McCauley; 
prelate, Horace A. Brown; senior warden, Charles S. Parker; junior warden, Charles H. 
Sinclair; treasurer, John F. Jones; recorder, John F. Webster: standard liearer, John J. 
Bartlett; sword bearer. Daniel \\'. Chandler; warder. Louis .J. Riindlett; sentinel, Frank 
L. Sanders; captains of the guard, Ethan X. Spencer, George D. Waldroli, and Charles H. 
Wiggin; bugler, David Arthur Brown. 

Berlin Band, E. A. Steady, leader. 

North Star Commandery of Lanca.ster, 73 men. Eminent commander, William H. 
Thompson; generalissimo, Thomas C. Beattie; captain general, Garvin R. ]\Iagoon: 
prelate, Nelson Sjiarkes; senior warden, George B. Underwood; junior wai-den, .Joseph 
Smith; treasurer, Erastus V. Cobleigh: recorder, Ralph Drisco; standard bearer, Levi 
H. Parker; sword bearer. Stetson W. Cushing: warder, I'arker .J. Noyes; captains of the 
guard, John C. Eastman, William M. Heath, Charles L. Dolloff; sentinel, Ephraim C. Roby. 

Dover Cornet Band, Chesley W. Drew, leader. 

St. Paul Commandery of Dover, 90 men. Eminent commander, Charles F. Sawyer; 
generalissimo, Alonzo M. Foss; captain general, Benjamin F. Nealley; prelate, Henry P. 
Glidden; senior warden, James H. Southwick; junior warden, Charles E. Stevens; treas- 
urer, J. T. W. Ham; recorder, John H. Nealley; standard bearer, Horace T. Babb; sword 
bearer, John H. Nute; warder, Alden S. Hatch: captains of the guard, Charles E. Small, 
Frank B. Murdock, George H. Frary; sentinel and armorer, Frank JI. Libbey. 

American Band of Claremont, C. W. Green, leader. 

vSullivan Commandery of Claremont, 51 men. Eminent commander, Charles H. Long; 
generalissimo, George H. Stowell; captain general, Hiram G. -Sherman; prelate, Clesson 
C. Atherton; senior warden, Adelbert JI. Nichols; junior warden, Webster Thrasher; 
treasurer, Henry C. Kimball; recorder, Charles B. Spofford; standard bearer, Albro W. 
Proctor; sword bearer, Frank P. Huntley; warder, Fred M. Parmelee; captains of the 
guard, Harvey B. (Hidden, James H. Richard.son, David R. Roys; armorer and sentinel, 
Edward H. .Tacques. 

Keene Jlilitary Band, Ed\\in E. Baglev, leader. 



52 SEMI-CENTENXIAL OF MANCHESTER, X. U. 

Hugh de ravens ConiiiiamUTy of Keene, 51 men. Eminent commander, Martin V. B. 
Clark; g-eneralissinio, Daniel iletireffor: captain general, i!. T. Alcott; prelate, .John T. 
Aljbott; senior warden, C. IC. .loslin; junior warden. II. W. Keyes; treasurer, Clark F. 
liowell: recorder, Frank H. Whitcomh; standard l)earii-. A. II. Hamljlet; sword bearer, 
S. -V. -Morse; warder, Charles M. .Norwood; captains of the guard, Arthur L. Wright, 
\V. S. Tuttle, Charles K. Gilniorc; armorer and sentinel, .\insworth .M. Ninis. 

Second Kegiment Band, M. J. Deviue, lender. 

St. George Commandery of Xashua, 100 men. Eminent commander, .lames II. Blake; 
generalissimo, James II. Hunt; captain general, Richard P. Elliott; prelate. Rev. Enoch 
Powell; senior warden, \Villiam H. (ireenlcaf: junior warden, (ieorge E. Banforth; treas- 
urer, Quincy A. Woodard; recorder, Kalph .\. .\rnold; standard bearer, Edward O. 
Fifield; sword bearer, Charles II. Webster; warder, Elmer \V. Eaton; sentinel. Wilder 
M. Gates; captains of the guard, Kufus Fitzgerald. Charles T. Patten, George N. .\ndrews. 

Pease's Band, C. B. I'ease, leailcr. 

Pilgrim Commandery of Laconia, IJU men. Eminent coniiuauilcr, .\]pha Jl. Ihirri- 
man: generalissimo, Henry Tucker; captain general, Elmer S. Tilton; prelate, Rev. 
Lucius Waterman; senior warden, B. F. St. Clair; junior warden, J. A. Greene; treas- 
urer, George H. Everett; recorder, Charles K. Sanborn; standard bearer, Eugene J. 
Dinsmore; sword bearer, Albert T. Quimby; warder, Russell H. Carter; captain of the 
guard, True E. Prescott; guards, William A. I'lummer, True .\. Prescott, L. E. Ilayward; 
sentinel, Walter S. Baldwin. 

American Band of Rochester, Edward F. Co])p, leader. 

Pale.stine Commandery of Rochester, 36 men. Eminent commander, .John Ilanscom; 
generalissimo, Jonathan L. Mack; captain general, David R. Pierce; prelate, William 
Keir; senior warden, Charles L. Wentworth; junior warden, Everett M. Sinclair; treas- 
urer, George McDuffie; recorder, Frank E. Whitney; standard bearer, Charles .\. Jeller- 
son; sword bearer, Charles il. Bailey; warder, Frederic E. Small; guards, Charles H. 
Keates, Emanuel II. Davis; armorer and sentinel, Gustav .\ndreas. 

Carriages containing officers of the Grand Commandery of New Hampshire: Right 
Eminent Grand Commander Daniel Crane Roberts of Concord, Very Eminent Deputy 
Grand Commander John Hatch of Greenland, Eminent Grand Treasurer .Toseph W. 
Hildreth of Manchester, Eminent Grand Standard Bearer Thomas M. l''ht(lier of Alder 
Brook, Eminent Grand Sword Bearer George A. Sanders of Laconia. 

Carriages containing Past Right Eminent Grand Commanders Don H. Woodward of 
Keene, Charles X. Towie of Concord, Albert S. Wait of Newport, Andrew Bunion of 
JIanchester, Milton A. Taylor of Nashua, John F. Webster of Concord. 

Carriages containing I'ast Jlost Worshipful Grand Masters George W. Currier of 
Nashua, .lohn I'eiulcr of Portsmouth, Alplieus W. Baker of Lebanon, Charles C. Hayes 
of Manchester, Solon A. Carter of Concord. 

Carriages containing officers of the (irand Lodge of New Hampshire, .\. F. and A. M.: 
M. W. Grand Master Henry Augustus Marsh of Nashua, R. W. Deputy Grand Master .inlni 
!N[cLaue of Milford, R. W. Senior Grand Warden George I. Mc.Mlister of Manchester, R. W. 
Junior Grand Warden Bradford Sumner Kingman of Newmarket, R. W. Grand Treasurer 
Joseph Kidder of Manchester, R. W. Grand Secretary George Perley Cleaves of Concord, 
R. W. District Deputy Grand ilaster Edwin P. Jones of Manchester, R. W. State (irand Lec- 
turer Herbert E. Richardson of Manchester, R. W. District Peputy Gi-and Lecturer 
Fred E. Barrett of Keene, R. W . Grand Chaplain Rev. Henry B. Smith of Nashua, W. 
Senior Grand Deacon Henry B. C^uinby of Lakeport, \V. Junior (irand Deacon Joseph 
Shattuck of Nashua, W. Grand Stewards .fohn K. \Vilson of Manchester. Frank J. Phil- 
brick of Portsmouth, Frank W. Richardson of Milford. W. (irand ^farshal Charles C. 
Danforth of Concord, W. Grand Sword Bearer Frederick .1. Shcpard of Fast Derry. W. 
Grand Pursuivants John C. Bickford nf Manchester, .lohn T. ClaiU of Kingston, (irand 
Tvler Frank L. Sanders of Concord. 



WESTON OBSERVATORY. 



LAYING OF THE CORNER-STONE BY THE GRAND LODGE, A. F. AND 
A. M., OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, MONDAY, SEPT. 7. 




Monday, September 7, was a red-letter day in the history of Trinity command- 
ery, Knights Templar, of Manchester. By the munificence of ex-Gov. James A. 
AVeston, the city was left $5,000 In' his will for the purpose 
of Iniikling an observatory on. Oak hill. As soon as it was 
decided to lay the corner-stone of the observatory during 
the Semi-Centennial week, Trinity commandery, with loyal 
energy and characteristic enterprise, at once entered into 
preliminary arrangements to make the occasion a mem- 
orable one in the annals of the JIasonie fraternity of 'New 
Hampshire, and one that should reflect credit upon the 
ancient craft and honor iTpon their distinguished f rater, 
Sir Knight "Weston, whose memory is revered by every 
citizen of Xew Llampshire. 

Trinity commandery was organized in 1824, and its 
charter was revived in 18.52. In 189G it had three hun- 
dred and two members. Its officers for that year were: 

Isaac L. Heath, eminent commander; Henry D. Soule, 
generalissimo; John H. Wales, Jr., cai^tain general; Joseph Kidder, prelate; Arthur 
S. Bunton, senior warden; Henry I. Haselton, junior warden; James IT. Weston, 
treasurer; George I.. McAllister, recorder; Leon E. Magoon, standard bearer; Henry 
Lewis, sword bearer; George N. Burpee, ^\arder; Charles G. Eanno, third captain of 
guard; Elmer D. Goodwin, second captain of guard; Fred K. Ramsey, first captain of 
guard; John Gillis, armorer and sentinel. 

The committee for the Semi-Centennial arrangements consisted of Past 
Eminent Commander John K. Wilson, president; Eminent Commander Isaac L. 
Heath; Generalissimo Henry D. Soule, secretary; Senior "Warden Arthur S. Bunton; 
Past Eminent Commander George I. ^IcAllister, treasm-er; Past Eight Eminent 
Grand Commander Andrew Bunton; Past Eight Eminent Grand Commander Charles 
C. Hayes; Sir Knight Alonzo II. Weston; Sir Knight Horace Marsliall. 

Over $2,500 was subscribed by the Sir Knights to defray the expenses of 
entertaining the Grand Lodge and Grand Commandery. which Trinity did in a 
royal manner, befitting the oldest and largest commandery in the state. 

The Grand Lodge and every commandery in the state were invited to be the 
guests of Trinity commandery. Grand blaster Henry A. Marsh, of the ifost Wor- 



LAYING THE CORNER-STOXE OF WESTON OBSERVATORY. 55 

sliipful Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M., of Xew IIain])sliire, accepted tlic invitation to 
lay the corner-stone of the AVeston Observatory, and every coniniandery l»it one in 
the state was present to participate in the grand parade, as escort to the (Iraiid 
Lodge. The i\Iasonic division in the jirocession formed one of tlie most hrilliant 
features of the day. 

On arrival of the commanderies, they were escorted to tlic Straw grounds, 
where ample provision had been made for the. comfort of the knights. In the s])a- 
cious house a se})arate room was assigned each commanderv, and also apartments for 
the Grand Lodge. After lunch, the knights formed to jjarticipate in the parade. 

Liimediately following the i)arade, the (irand Lodge officers, escorted by the 
commanderies, took special cars for Oak hill, \\here the ceremonies of laying the 
corner-stone of the observatory were witnessed by a large numljcr of spectators. The 
arrangements were in the aide hands of Grand ilarshal Charles C. Danforth of 
Concord. 

Mayor Clarke, in behalf of the city, publicly invited the Grand blaster to lay the 
corner-stone. Grand blaster ]\rarsh rejilicd as follows: 

Mr. !\r;nor: — From time immemorial it lias been the custom of the ancient anil 
honorable fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, at the request of the proper author- 
ities, to lay the corner-stone of religious, educational, and other public buildinirs, as 
well as those to be devoted to the use of the craft, with appropriate ceremonies. 

This custom is as old as the fraternity itself, and the ceremonies aj'e practically the 
same in all civilized countries, notwithstanding differences in lanffuage and diversity of 
faiths. The great purpose of Free Masonry is to promote the welfare of mankind; it is 
founded upon the great truth of the fatherhood of God and the spirit of brotherhood of 
man. Animated bj' this spirit, our distinguished and beloved brother, James A. Weston, 
provided for the erection on this beautiful site of an observatory for the use, enjoyment, 
benefit, and mutual improvement of the citizens of Manchester and all others who may 
visit this spot for scientific research or for recreation and pleasure, thereby promoting 
the welfare and happiness of his fellow men. It therefore gives me great pleasure to 
accept your courteous invitation, and I stand here today as grand master of Masons in 
New Hampshire, supported by my associate officers, and many of my distinguished prede- 
cessors in office, escorted and surrounded by a noble company of Knights Templar, to 
lay the corner-stone of a structure which, so long as it shall stand, will be a monument 
to the liberality of our distingiiished brother. 

The teachings of Free Masonry inculcate in all o\ir works, great and small, begun 
and finished, A\e .should seek the aid of Almighty God. 

It is our first duty, then, to invoke the aid of the Great Architect of the universe 
upon the work in which we are about to engage. 

I therefore command the utmost silence and call upon all to unite with our grand 
chaplain in an address to the throne of grace. 

After prayer by Grand Chaplain Henry B. Smith of Nashua, an ode was sung Ijy 
the Ariel Quartet of Nashua, consisting of Sir Knights Henry L. Sanderson, George 
E. Danforth, James M Blakely, and Edward O. Wood. 

The Grand blaster then said: 

It has ever been the custom, on occasions like the present, to deposit within a 
cavity in the stone placed in the northeast corner of the edifice, certain memorials of 
the period at which it was erected; so that in the lapse of ages, if the fury of the ele- 



56 sEaMI-centexnial of MAXCUESTEK, N. II. 

iiicnts. or the slow but certain ravages of time, should h»y bare the foun<latioii. an 
en(liirin{»- record may be found by succeeding: generations, to bear testimony to the 
energy, industry, and culture of our time. 

'I'hc i;. W. ( iiMiid Si'crc^tary llieii rrail for llic iiiroriiiatioii of all iircsciit a rcc-onl 
(if the coiitein.s (if the (.a.^kci. 

CONTEXTS OF CASKET. 

I'ortrait of James A. Weston. 

i'arehiiieiit copy of the be<niest in Governor Weston".s will of $.5,000 for the 
Imililiiig of the observatory, and the resolution of the city council accepting the 
same, with the names of the special committee for the erecting of the observatory. 

Ma|) of. the city of JIanchestor, 189(3. 

Handbook of postal information, jiresented by Postmaster Knowltoit. 

h'eport of the water commissioners of 1894, the last written by ex-Governor 
Weston; also the report for 189.5, which contains his portrait. 

Program of the high school graduating exercises of 1890, preseiitcil by .\lbert 
Somes, principaL 

List of ofTiccrs of the Grand Lodge of ^lasons of Xew llam]ishire: Grand Com- 
mandery Knights Templar of Xew ]Iain])shire; also of Washington lodge, Adoniram 
council, and Trinity commandery, and the Masonic record of ex-Governor Weston, 
presented by George I. IVIcAllister. 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of Xew Hampshire for 1894, 
presented by Joseph Kidder. 

Program of the Semi-Centennial celehration. 

Kejiort of the reunion of the Excelsior Literary Association, by ]•'. T. K. 
Piehardson. 

City directory of 1890. 

Poster containing advertisement of the Semi-Centennial celeliiation. 

Iieport and circular of the ^Manchester Jiuildiiig and Loan Association. 

Card of J. Truesdale & Son. 

Ancient Order T'nited Workmen ■■l-"iiiancier's Monthly Keminder." 

A Xew Hampshire fire Iiisiiranee policy, with the signatures of all the em- 
ployees at the home olticc. 

Semi-Centennial comjiendium of historical facts, ]irescnted by Frank II. Challis. 

Copper coin of the commonwealth of ifassachusetts, date, 1788. 

Copy of the "ilassachusetts Cciitimd,"" printed October 28, 1789, presented by 
J. P>. Jjruce. 

Card, Lii'utenant John .\. I'larker, l'"irst Light P>attery. 

Almanac of 1872, jirescnted by J. P>. ISrtice. 

"Queen City. Journal," ])idilislied by 11. \Wl'"astman, for July, 189G. 

Semi-Centennial button, jiresented by E. R. Col)urn Company. 

Koster of ('apt. Joseph h'reschl Post, Grand Army of the Pepitblic. 

Photograph of the city hall, by J. G. Ellinwood. 



CONTEXTS OF CASKET. 57 

List of officers and conmiitteos of the city government of ilancliester, 1890. 

Annual report of the public schools for 1895, by Supt. William E. Buck. 

Inaugural address of ^Mayor "William C. Clarke, 1895. 

Power of attorney from Xelsou Holmes to George Daggett, to vote Xovember 8, 
18G4, for presidential electors. ; 

Envelope and letter jiead of Semi-Centennial committee. 

Copper plate inscrilx'd to the memory of James A. Weston, presented by the 
civil engineers of Jlanchester. 

Membership of Security Lodge Xo. 8, Ancient Order T'nited Workmen. 

Copy Manchester daily "Mirror and American," Septcndjer T, 1S9G. 

Copy daily "Manchester Union," September 7, 1896. 

Copy of The ilirror's Pictorial ilartchester, 1846-189G. 

Catalogue Daniels it Downs' jirivate school. 

By-laws of Story Division Xo. 1, Uniformed Eanlv Knights of Pythias. 

By-laws and rules of order of (xranite Lodge Xo. 3, Knights of Pythias. 

Knights of Pythias constitution for subordinate lodges of the grand domain 
of New Hampshire. 

Semi-Centennial oration by Judge Burnham, September 8, 1896. 

Oration at Knights Templar banquet, by George I. McAllister, September 7, 
1896. 

Dedication of Masonic hall, October 15, 1890. 

List of the Semi-Centennial committees. 

Copy of The -'Manchester Union," June 1, 1896. 

The casket to be deposited under the corner-stone contained the following 
engraved inscription: 

Inscribed to the Jleraory of 
Our Friend and Professional Urother, 

James A. Weston, 

By the Ci\il Engineers of Jlanchester, 

Sept. 7, 1896. 

Charles K. Walker, Augustus G. Stevens, George II. .\llen, 

I'erry H. Dow, W. H. Bennett, Frank A. Gay, Charles 

H. Bartlett, John P. Young-, Charles S. 

Kidder, Joseiih B. Sawyer. 

The casket was then lowered into its place amid imj)ressivc music Ijy the band. 
Tlie ceremonies of laying tJie corner-stone in due form were then performed liy the 
Grand Master and other officers. 





HENRY A. MARSH. 



REV. DANIEL C. ROBERTS, D. D. 



M W. GRAND MASTER. M. W GRAND LODGE 
A F. AND A. M. 



R. E. GRAND COMMANDER, GRAND COM- 
MANDERY, K T, 




MASONIC HALL, MANCHESTER, N. H. 



MASONIC CEREMONIES. 59 

hi his annual report to tlu' (irand Lodge. May 19, 1897, Grand ^Faster 
Marsh said: 

In accordance with an invitation from a special committee of the city government, 
extended by the mayor of Mancliester, on September T, 1896. ^vith the assistance of my 
associate officers of the (irand J^odgre, J laid, with the ancient ceremonies of the craft, 
the corner-stone of the Weston Observatory, on Oak hill in Derrytield park. 

Trinity conimandery. Knights Templar, tendered an escort and invited every com- 
mandery in the state to attend as their guests and assist them in giving the Grand Lodge 
of New Hampshire the largest, the most brilliant and inspiring escort ever witnessed 
in the state. 

Lafayette and Washington lodges tendered the use of their apartments for the 
convenience of the grand officers, and all the brethren in the cit.y united to do honor 
to the Grand Lodge, and to the memory of the distinguished brother whose liberality 
promoted the erection of a structure for the advancement of science, and for the pleasure, 
enjoyment, benefit, and improvement of mankind. 

The committee in charge of the ceremonies requested me to select the orator, and I 
invited Right Worshipful Brother George I. McAllister, who delivered an eloquent his- 
torical and eulogistic address. Xever was the Grand Lodge more hospitably enter- 
tained than on this occasion. 

Grand Commander Roberts said in his annual address on September 29, 1S9G: 

The ilost Worshipful Grand Master of ilasons in Xew Hampshire accepted an 
invitation to lay the corner-stone of an observatory to be erected in accordance with 
the provisions of the last will and testament of our late distinguished Sir Knight James 
Adams Weston, sometime governor of this commonwealth. Trinity commandery ten- 
dered escort and invited the Grand Commanderj' and all the commanderies of the juris- 
diction to unite with the commanderj- in the escort. I accejited the invitation in behalf 
of the Grand Commandery, and it was accepted also by all the commanderies but one. 
The occasion was happily coincident with the fiftieth anniversary of the charter of the 
city of Manchester, and we had the pleasure of making the parade of escort a distin- 
guished feature of the procession, unprecedented in .New Hampshire, which celebrated 
the anniversary. 

The hospitality of Trinity commandery was so large and so complete, so magnifi- 
cent in its proportions and perfection, that it marked an epoch, an era to date from in 
the history of Templary in New Hampshire. The parade of the commanderies was in 
itself a great occasion; so many Sir Knights were never assembled together before in 
the state under the standard of the Grand Commandery. I take this opportunity to 
thank Trinity commandery in the name of the Grand Commandery and the subordinate 
commanderies for its splendid hospitality, and to congratulate the Eminent Com- 
mander and his officers and committees upon the superb result of their indefatigable 
etfurts. r also felicitate his honor, the mayor of ilanchester, and that flourishing 
munici))ality itself, upon its completed half century and the great and successful demon- 
stration which marked its semi-centennial birthday, with cordial good wishes for a 
great and prosperous future. 



THE BANQUET. 



At 4 o'cliic-k on .Miiiulay id'tc'i-ncidii. Trinity c-iininiamlfry tendered a frranil cnni- 
plinuMitary banqiR't to tlie (Jrand Lodur. A. I'", and A. il., and the (iraiul ('oiii- 
mandery of Knights Templar of New ilanipshiiu, and all of tiic visiting Sir Kniglit.s. 
ThOftables \ve;'e laid in the niaiiinintii tent erected on the Straw grounds, and over 
one thousand three hundred Sir Knigiits, including many distinguished otlicials, 
enjoyed the festivities. Harvey Blunt of licston eaten d. 




EMINENT COMMANDER ISAAC L. HEATH. 

After grace l)y Orand ( 'haplain TIenry 15. Sniitii, o.'Sd degree, of Xashua. Eminent 
Commander Isaac L. Heath, who ])resided, said: 

I wish, first, to extend to you all a cordial welcome to our cilv and asylum. For the 
second time within a iiuarter of a ceut'iiy 'I'l-inily eonimandery has sent out invitations 
to the Sir Knigfhts of >.ew Hampshire to come to its assistance in performing' a sacred 
duty, and for the .second time yon have generously responded to our call. 

.\s I look about me I am sure I see the most mafrnificent conclave that can possilily 
be gathered in this state. Seventeen years ago another such gathering assembled in 
Manchester to dedicate the monument to our patriotic soldiers. Today, in larger num- 
bei-s still, you have come to aid us in laying the corner-stone of another monument 
soon to bo erected to the memory of the bravest, truest, and most courteous knight that 
has ever fallen in life's battle. 

]!y your jiermission and lhc> consent of the grand master, a portion of the exercises 
that usually take jjlace at the time a corner-stone is laid was postponed until this time. 
I now invite your attention to the oration in honor of the memory of Sir Knight James 
A. Weston, which Past Eminent Sir Knight t'leorge I. Mc.Mlister will now deliver. 

r.ii 




HON. JAMHS A, WESTON. 

GOVERNOR OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, 1871-72. 1874-75. MAYOR OF MANCHESTER. 1868, 1870, 1871, 1874-75, 

TREASURER OF TRINITY COMMANOERY 1864-1895. 



HON. JAMES ADAMS WESTON. 



Oration by George 1. McAllister, E. Grand Captain General, Grand Commandery. 



Most Worshipful rirancl Master and Brethren:— The English and Scotch-Irish ances- 
tors of our lamented friend and brother, James Adams Weston, who resided in our state, 
were shrewd, thrifty, and intelligent people. They owned the land they cultivated, and 
enjoyed the Inestimable right of suffrage and all the privileges of that grand institution 
of the people, the town meeting. They had the church, the common schools, and the 
press, and therefore were moral, virtuous, and intelligent. They possessed strong 
minds and magnificent physiques, and were distinguished for their indomitable cour- 
age and perseverance. Those brave, worthy, and thrifty people loved liberty and hated 
tyranny. They loved truth, justice, and good government, and hated deceit and fraiul. 
They were good, substantial, and progressive citizens, and were active and successful 
in advancing the moral and material welfare of their fellow citizens. 

His father, Amos Weston, was a man of high character, sound judgment, great 
executive ability, and an active and leading citizen of Manchester. lie was a .selectman 
for fifteen years, and managed the business affairs of the town ably, faithfully, and 
successfully. Governor We-ston was loyal to the memory of his noble ancestors, proud 
of their honorable achievements, emulated their virtues, and was careful not to do 
anything which would injure the fair name and fame of his beloved family and kin<lred. 
lie was born in our city August 27, 1827. and his childhood and youth were spent in his 
father's family, on the old homestead, in the southern part of the city, where he enjoyed 
the social, moral, and educational advantages to be found in a progressive and successful 
fai-ming community in the old (iranite State. He was an active, ambitious, and intelli- 
gent boy, and life to him on the farm was real and earnest. He tilled the soil and 
develojjed and cultivated a love for hard work which enabled him to accomplish so much 
for himself, his city and state. He learned that labor is honorable and indispensable for 
success in life, and always respected laboring people, was kind to them, and solicitous 
for their welfare and prosjierity. 

He develo])ed early in life a love for knowledge, and esiiecially for the exact science 
of mathematics. He grasped and readily mastered nuithematical ))rinciples. and had the 
ability to apply them successfully in the solution of many difficult problems during his 
long and illustrious career as a civil engineer. He was a zealous, careful, and thorough 
student, and became a well-informed and eminently practical man. He realized early 
in his career that he mu.st labor hard in order to have his efforts crowned with success 
in the great battle of life. He was willing to work, and pursued his studies so ra])idly 
and so thoroughly that at the age of nineteen years he was appointed to the important 
and res|)onsible ])ositiou of assistant civil engineer of the Concord Railroad, and three 
years later was promoted to the position of chief engineer, which he held for many years. 
He built bridges, surveyed, located, and constructed railroads. and performed an immense 
amount of labor in the field and office to the entire satisfaction of those who employed 
him. He displayed great skill and ability in his work, and was acknowledged to be one 
of the ablest and most acconi])lished civil engineers in New England. He succeeded as 
an iTigineer because he prepared himself thoroughly for his profession, loved it, and was 
industrious, careful, and accurate. He was interested in his work, and was animated by 
a desire to succeed and to render to his employer an equivalent for his salary, for he 
was a just and honest man. 

62 



HON. JAMES ADAMS WESTON. 63 

Our friend was popular with hisft'llnw citizens, who recognized his virtues and worth. 
They knew him to be a candid, capalile. liberal-minded man. of great executive ability, 
true to himself and loyal to his friends, and one who was deeply interested in the 
ffrowth and prosperity of his native city. He -was elected mayor four times and admin- 
istered the affairs of the city ablj-, successfully, and economically. Mayor \Veston 
labored assiduously in securing the adoption of measures to promote the health, secure 
the comfort, and increase the happiness of the jjeople. 

lie believed that "all ordinary expenditures should be met by annual taxation." 
Under his wise and beneficent administrations much was done to secure the introduc- 
tion into the city of an abundant su})])ly of g-ood water from Lake Massabesic. The 
sewerage system was enlarged and extended, and a general plan adopted for the estab- 
lishment of the grade of streets and sidewalks. The walks on the public commons 
were concreted and our streets macadamized by his advice and direction, because he 
believed in good highways and in the ornamentation and improvement of our public 
parks. He earnestly and eloquently advocated the policy of beautifying, adorning, and 
ornamenting our public cemeteries, and urged the city government to take good care 
of them. 

He was the first native of the city to be elected mayor, and the first mayor to 
recommend the erection of a monument in honor of the brave and loyal soldiers of 
Manchester, who gave their lives for the preservation of the Union, and we are largely 
indebted to him for securing for us the handsome soldiers' monument of Xew Hamp.shire 
granite, which stands in a beautiful park in the heart of our great, progressive, and 
enterprising Queen City of the Merrimack. 

He was a loj-al and generous .supporter of our schools and the public library, because 
he believed that the perfection and perpetuity of our Republican institutions depend 
very largely upon the intelligence of the people. 

He was a popular, honest, and conservative governor of Xew Hami)shire for two 
years, and discharged the important tluties of that great office ably and faithfully. He 
believed in a constitutional government, advocated econoniy in the expenditure of public 
money, ihe reduction of taxation, the ])romotion of education and temperance, and 
strongly opposed special legislation. He was true to the people and watchful of their 
rights and liberties in all of his official acts; a friend of honest men, and an enemy of 
bribers and of those unscrupulous people who sometimes assemble at the capitol with 
schemes for plundering the public treasury. With him public office was a trust ro be 
administered fairly, wisely, and hotiestly for the benefit of all the people, regardless of 
nationality, sect, or party. He never forgot that as mayor and governor he was the 
servant of the people, and was responsible to them for his official acts. He transacted 
jiublic business in the same careful, prudent, and conscientious manner as he conductetl 
his own business. 

Governor Weston was a model public officer for the reason that he was candid, 
capable, honest, and an unostentatious gentleman. Although he secured wealth and 
fame, and achieved success in many walks of life, he was never an aristocrat, but, on 
the contrary, was always democratic in thought, word, and action. He treated the 
farmer and mechanic as kindly and courteously as he did the millionaire. 

He sprang from the people, believed in them, worked for and sympathized with them, 
■•md they trusted, respected, and honored him. The fact that he always ran ahead uf his 
ticket when a candidate for office shows that he enjoyed the confidence of the people of 
his native city and state to a marked degree. He was honest and sincere in his |)olitical 
convictions, loyal and faithful to his party, and a wise, honorable, and influential leader 
in political affairs. 

(iovernor Weston thought carefully, reasoned clearly, and acted deliberately and 
understandingly in the transaction of business. He was a public benefactor for the 




GEORGE I. MCALLISTER, ESQ. 

Chairman of the Committee on Entertainment of Grand Lodge of Masons Orator on the occasion of the laying 

the corner-s'lone of Weston Observatory. President of the Day at Dedication of Observatory. 



J 



HON. JAMES ADAMS WESTON. 65 

reason that he gave employnieut to labor, liuilt water-works in many towns, erected 
bnilclings, encouraged and supported many moral, religious, and charitable institutions, 
and was a liberal contributor to many philanthropic enterprises for the promotion of 
the welfare of the people. He was public-spirited to an unusual degree, and manifested 
keen interest in every undertaking for the development and enlargment of our industrial 
enterprises and for increasing the comfort, hap|)iness, and prosperity of our i^eople. 

(iovernor Weston loved Manchester, with her wide and straight streets, l)eautiful 
shade trees, spacious and handsome parks, lieautiful and well-kept cemeteries, large and 
well-equipped mills and shops for the manufacture of cloth, shoes, and locomotives, 
palatial residences, splendid churches, commodious and well-appointed schoolhouses 
and other public buildings, and rejoiced in her remarkable growth in wealth and popu- 
lation, and in the general prosperity of her people, and was proud of her glorious record 
in war and peace. He was a tyi^ical citizen, honest, truthful, patriotic, and progressive; 
a \\ ise counselor and a safe leader, who believed that our laws should be faithfully and 
impartially executed and the decisions of our courts respected, and our peojile protected 
in all of their rights. 

]lis habits were correct, his speech was clean, and his integ'rity unquestioned. Gov- 
ernor Weston was kind and heljiful to young men, and often aided them with his 
counsel and purse; encouraged them when they were despondent, and rejoiced with 
them when success crowned their efforts. He loved his home and appreciated his domes- 
tic life, which was especially happy. He was a kind and faithful husband and a loving 
and affectionate father, fond of his family and always solicitous for their comfort 
and prosperiiy. 

A little more than one third of a century ago he was raised to the sublime degree 
of a JIaster Mason in Washington lodge, and during the rest of his life was loyal and 
faithful to the principles and teachings of Free JIasonry, a noble institution, which 
stands next to the church in promoting civilization, broadening and strengthening 
human character, softening the asperities and cidtivating the graces and virtues of 
life, and whose charity is boundless. 

He loved Masonrj' for its high code of morals and because it is founded on the 
broad and eternal principles of right, truth, and justice, and inculcates the practice of 
charit}' and hospitality; aims to bind men together as brothers with the golden chain 
of reciprocal love and frindship, and excludes from its assemljlies sectarian religion and 
partisan politics. He was an active, loyal, and zealous Jlason, and a courteous and 
chivalric knight of our vaiiant and magnanimous order of Christian knighthood, and 
faithfully e.xemplified the teachings and sublime principles of JIasonry every day. He 
was deeply interested in the prosperity of our fraternity, and was the etficient and 
honest treasurer of Trinity commandery for more than thirty years. Sir Knight 
We.ston loved our grand old historic Trinity commandery, and was proud of its noble 
and glorious record for charity and hosi^itality; often gave it the benefit of his valuable 
counsel and great experience; always paid its bills when they w-ere presented to him, 
whether there was anj' cash in the treasiiry or not, and generously remembered it in 
liis last will and testament. 

The strength and sincerity of his love and atfection for the city in which he lived 
for more than sixty years was demonstrated by his generous legacy to it for the erec- 
tion of the Weston Observatory, to be used, as he said, "for the advancement of science, 
for educational purposes, and for the use, enjoyment, benefit, and mental improvement 
of the inhabitants of the city of Manchester." It was a noble gift for a noble purpose, 
and the crowning act in the busy and useful life of one who labored for many years 
to make our city, as he said, "a home to men of leisure, a convenience and great oppor- 
tunity to the busy, .safe to the rich, just and beneficent to the poor, a light to ignorance, 
and a blessing to all." 



66 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF M AMII ESTEU, X. II. 

Our citizens loved ;ui(l lioiinrrd Iiiiii, xvi'iv [H'oud iif liiiii iis ;i citizen and a pulilic 
official, and ajiiirccijited the active interest he always took in nieasnrcs, societies, and 
institutions intended to ])roniote theii- welfare and prosperity. They will never forg-et 
his kindness and g^enerosity in pro\idinfi for the erection of an observatory which will 
be of great value to them and will luar his name and be a useful and enduring monu- 
ment to his memory, and a constant rtniindcr ol the jflorious work he accomplished 
for humanity. 

Most Worshijifiil (irand Master: — It was eminently fittinf,' and |)roper that yon and 
the other officers of the (Irand bodf^e of Masons, escorted by the Knights Templar of 
New ]lani])sliire, should assemble on the summit of Oak hill, in our spacious and beauti- 
tiful Derryfield park, today, when Manchester is celel)rating the Semi-Centennial anni- 
versary of its corporate existence, and with solemn and inii)ressive ceremonies lay the 
corner-stone of Weston Observatory, according- to ancient form and usage. Most Wor- 
shipful, you have performed an important public duty, and have thereby honored the 
name iind memory of a ti.seful, valuable, and accom])lished brother, whose life was full 
of good deeds, and who was called from "labor to rest," .May s, \S'.):,. 

lie was a man of lofty aims, n(d)le purposes, and a jjublic benefactor, who has left 
a good name as a priceless legacy to his children. The citizens of Manchester will 
alwaj's hold in grateful remembrance the name of James .\dams Weston, the patriotic 
citizen, kind neighbor, friend of the poor and needy, and lover of the people, and will 
emulate his virtues. The great work he accomplished for the people is the grandest 
and most enduring- monument to his memory. 

"The City of Manchester" was responded t(j hy Mayor Cliirke, wlio said: 

Sir Knights and Kriends: — Through the courtesy of the Masonic brethren I have 
been invited to respond to the toast, "Ihe City of Manchester."' It is a toast that I 
am proud to answer to, b\it words of mine woidd express but little now that Manchester 
herself has spoken, — how well and eloquently you who lia\e been with us today must 
know. I think you must have been impressed ere this thai all Manchester is engaged 
in conducting this anniversary occasion, and that \\hatcver credit is due for its 
success rests with the people. 

But for this magnificent feature of the anniversary I feel that I can fairly say that 
Manchester is princii)ally indebted to one man. Weeks ago, when the Seini-C-'cntcnnial 
was a thing of small beginning's, I discussed with our esteemed fellow citizen and your 
eminent brother. Sir .Andrew liunton, plans for attracting to .Manchester this week the 
Knights Templar of New Hampshire. I found him enthusiastically interested in the 
idea, for, turning to me, he said, with that I'orce of modest expression which meant 
so much in him: 

"I will <lo all I can for the Semi-Centennial. I was born in .Manchester, and nothing 
connected with her history has ever stirred me so much as has this celebraOon. Just 
tell me what you want me to do and 1 will do it. I am growing old and this may be the 
last opportunity I shall have to help Manchester." 

IIow well Andrew Bunton fultillcd his promise, you who have taken part in the 
grandest military and civic parade ever witnessed in Xew Hampshire can attest. .\s 
chairman of the committee on i)arade he helped to organize today's procession, ami to 
his loyal efforts in behalf of his native city our citizens are indeV)ted for this brilliant 
assemblage of Sir Knights. This tribute to Sir Knight Bunton, whose labors have 
accomplished so much towards the successes of today, I am satisfied is abumlautly 
merited, and upon this social occasion may with propriety be paid. 

Manchester feels greatly honored by the jjresence of this grand body of Knights 
Tcniplar, and the services attendant upon the la\ing of the corner-stone of the Weston 



. ADDRESS OF GOVERNOR BUSIEL. 67 

Observatory by the Grand Lodge will form a notable feature in the observances of the 
week. As chairman of the Semi-Centennial general committee, I thank you for the 
distinction you have conferred upon our city by your presence, and I sincerelj' hope that 
your reception and entertainment have been of such a cordial character that when 
Manchester invites you to come again you will feel like responding in just such a 
splendid manner as you have today. 

"The state of New Hampshire" was responded to by Gov. Charles A. Etisiel. 

GOVEEXOR BUSTEL's ADDRESS. 

I am proud and glad to be able to claim New Hampshire as my native state. It has 
been said in the past that New Hampshire was a good state to be born in and to 
emigrate from; that time is past forever, and today I am glad to say that New Hamp- 
shire is a good state to be born in and to live in. 

No pages in the early history of this country glow with a brighter light than those 
which are illuminated by the story of the deeds of the men of New Hampshire. 

At Bunker Hill, the men of New Hampshire, with unflinching courage, met the 
veteran troops of old England and thrice turned back in confusion and rout the advanc- 
ing assault. Even in sullen retreat from that historic field they showed the world 
that the undisciplined, half-armed yeomanry of New Hami^shire could be depended upon 
to achieve a nation's independence, and it is to the immortal honor of our grand old 
state that she shared with other patriots of New England the burden of battle in that 
first important struggle for liberty and independence. 

Again at Bennington, the men of New Hampshire, under the heroic »Stark, whose 
sacred remains now rest so near us on the banks of our noble Merrimack, helped to win 
a complete and important victory which led to the surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga, 
and paved the way to the triumphant ending of the Eevolution and the independence 
of this great nation. 

When the great struggle for the life of our government began, and the call for 
patriots to rail}' round the old tiag resounded through the land, no state responded with 
more alacrity, no state gave more freely of its wealth and of its life blood in the shape of 
the young men who responded to the call to arms. Eegiment after regiment went 
forward to the great conflict, taking away from the farm, the mill, the office, the work- 
shop, from every calling in life, the voung men of New Hampshire, and we look with an 
honest pride on the proud record of New Hampshire troops on every great field of 
battle in that mighty contest. 

Lookinar back over the history of our state, from the present to the day of its 
settlement, we find a proud record of great men in every vocation of life. As patriots 
none were braver and more self-sacrificing, as statesmen none have achieved more distinc- 
tion, as jurists none have been abler, as business men none have been more successful 
or been entrusted with greater responsibilities. At home the men of New Hampshire 
have built up a thrifty, prosperous, vigorous state; abroad they have helped in no small 
measure fo lay the foundations of the states that have grown up in the mighty West. 
Their efforts and influence have had no mean share in causing this great nation to 
take a proud position among the nations of the earth. Wlierever they have been found 
they could be counted upon for good, hard-headed common sense, and relied upon every 
time for good government, and I am glad to say that they have furnished to many of 
the states of our great country most excellent public servants in various capacities, from 
governors to officers of less imiiortance. In such jilaces they have never been found 
wanting, but have reflected honor upon their. native state. 

We have an honest, industrious, and thrifty people, and the success that has marked 
the efforts of their lives is well measured in the savings institutions of the state, in its 



68 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF .MANCHESTER, N. H. 

excellent system of niilroiuls, in its tliriftv, pros|)erous eities. towns, and villafres, in its 
frreat manufaetiii-ing jjlants, in its excellent educational institutions, and, best of all, 
in the hardy, sensible, independent, and self-reliant nature of the i)eoi)le themselves. 

So may our state fro on |)rosi)ering- and to prosper. May the time never come when 
she shall hold a le.ss deserving- place in the sisterhood of states, and the time will not 
come if our people are true to their own best interests and pour out the best efforts 
of their lives on the soil of our grand old state. Xo longer is it necessary to go West; 
no longer does the frontier of civilization, traveling toward the setting sun, tempt our 
young men to leave their homes and seek new fields of labor. 

Here at home, l)eside our grand lakes and noble rivers, liere in our ])eaceful valleys, 
hill' upon our towering hills, on the farm, in the workshop, in the busy manufacturing 
industries, in the thousand ways of earning an honest living by patient' toil, our popu- 
lation finds a most congenial home. We should foster, by every means, |)ride in our 
state; she should be a synonym throughout tin- land fcir industry and prosperity; she 
should ever be a shining example of a hapjiy, prosjjcrous, progressive state, with a 
sturdy, liapjjy people, and a good, liealthy, economical government. I am confident that 
this will be our state's position. Xo better example of the thrift and energy of our 
people can be found than this strong, vigorous, growing city which now celebrates its 
.Senii-Centennial. it is a fine example of our modern civilization, and you do well to 
mark its fiftieth birthday with this celebration. I am glad to be able to take part in 
it, and proud to be a member of this fraternity which is assisting in the celebration, 
made up, as it is, of patriotic men who are foremost in everything whicji promotes liberty 
and a higher civilization. I congratidate the people of Manchester upon the many evi- 
dences of prosperity that this city can boast. May it ever prosper; may it ever point 
the way to success, and. when its centennial shall come, may tlie celebration of that 
event show Manchester still in the front rank of prosperous New England cities. 

"The (irand Juiciunpineiit" was rt'spoiulcd to l)y Very Eminent Sir Knight 
Joseph A. Locke of I'ortland, Me., who made a felicitous sjjeech. 

Eight Eminent Grand Commander Daniel Crane Roberts, D. D., of Concord, 
si)oke for '"The Grand Commandery of Xew Hampshire," extending tlie thanks of 
that body to Trinity commandery for its laagnificent hospitality. 

"It has been my fortune to be entertained in many lands," said Gi-and Com- 
mander Koberts, "but never before have T seen the equal of the hospitality of today. 
J believe we should be here today because Masonry represents the ideals which nuike 
such a grand municipality as Manchester possible. The sun has not risen upon a 
fairer day, nor upon a day more fraught with incidents which are to become a part 
of the history of JMasoury, as well as of the state of New Hampshire. The sun will 
not set uptm any day upon a liand of men more closely united by the Ijonds of 
brotherhood than is gathered here today for the festivities of this great anniversary." 

Grand Master Henry A. ^larsh of Xaslnia responded to the toast, "The Grand 
Lodge of New Hampshire." ]n part he said: 

"I am glad to liave an ojiportunity to thank Trinity commandery for the mag- 
nificent reception and escort of today, the most magnificent ever given the Grand 
Lodge. I wish to thank them for calling together so many Sir Knights as are 
gathered here today. The structure to be erected on Oak Hill ])ark will stand for 
ages, as a monument to the integrity and liberality of our distinguished brotlier, 
James A. Weston. However, while the Weston Observatory will, in the course of 
time, decay and crumble to^ dust, the principles of Jfasoniw, which ins[iired its erec- 
tion, will live forever." 



MASONIC BANQUET. 



69 



Right Eminent Jnsiali H. Dnniiinnnd. 33(1 dugi-oe, of Portland, ^[o.. spoke for 
"The Grand C'onimandory of ifaine." c-oniludinu- his eloquent remarks hy saving: 

"It is not necessary for me to speak of the great esteem •svjiieh the Knights of 
]\Iaine hear for the Knights of Xew Hampshire. We congratulate you upon the 
splendid success you have achieved this day: u]:on the magnitieent jiarade, of which 
I am sure all will say the Sir Knights formed the best and most imposing portion. 
There is a serious side, however, to a day like this, which we cannot overlook. It is 
a milestone in the history of the state, and in the history of ilasonry. It devolves 
upon you to see to it that when your sons meet here fifty years hence, the present 
high standard of the order. shall have heen maintained." 

After three hearty cheers for "Old Trinity."' for its magnificent hospitality of 
the day, the Sir Knights fonned in line and. headed by a consolidated liand of over 
one hundred pieces, with banners flying, and amid the insjiiring music ami applause 
of multitudes of people, marched to the depot to depart for their homes. 




CITY HALL. 




THE PARADE- FLOAT BY GOLDEN RULE LODGE, K. OF P. 




fia.«,i*-l ^\ - . 



Mt rAKA^L.- iMt hLUA I , " Ot-.hiMANIA." 



LITERARY EXERCISES. 

TUESDAY, SEPT. 8. 



Tuesday, Septemlier 8, the fiftieth anniversary of tlie organization of the first 
city government of Manchester, was devoted to a literary program wliieh was carried 
out in a highly successful manner in the tent on the Straw grounds at 3 v. St., under 
direction of the committee on literary exercises, Hon. Moody Currier, chairman. 

This committee organized on June 23, and chose George I. McAllister, Esq., 
clerk. It was then unanimously voted to invite Hon. Henry E. Burnham to deliver 
the oration, Hon. Charles H. Bartlett was chosen president of the day. Rev. Allen 
Eastman Cross poet, and Ecv. 11. W. Lockhart was selected to write an ode for 
the occasion. 

On July 28, the literary committee adopted the following as the order of exer- 
cises on Tuesday, September 8: 

1. Music, Gennania Band, .30 pieces, of Boston. 

2. Introduction of President of the Day by Mayor Clarke. 

3. Address, President of the Day Charles H. Bartlett. 

4. Prayer, Eev. Nathaniel L. Colby, of the Men'imack-street Baptist church. 

5. Hymn, Ilev. B. W. Lockhart, D. D.; music composed by Mr. K. T. Baldwin, 
sung by Rossini Quartet. 

6. Poem, Rev. Allen Eastman Cross. 

7. Music, Germania Baiul. 

8. Oration, Hon. Henry E. Burnham. 

9. Singing of '"America,"'" quartet and audience. 

10. Prayer and benediction, Rt. Rev. D. il. Bradley, BLshop of ilanchcster. 

The anniversary day ]>roper was iishered in by a salute of fifty guns, fired in 
Derryfield park by a detachment tjf the First Light Battery, Capt. S. S. Piper in 
command. 

A very large audience assembled in the tent, tlie old residents having scats 
reserved in the center. r]ion the jdatform were seated Mayor Clarke, e.x-Gov. 
Moody Currier, ex-Gov. P. C. Cheney, Hon. Henry E. Burnham, Hon. Charles H. 
Bartlett, Rev. Allen E. Cross, Rt. Rev. I). :M. Bradley, Rev. B. W. Lockhart, Rev. 
X. L. Colby, Hon. David Cross. Hon. Laac W. Smith, Rev. "\Y. H. Morrison, Hon. 
Alpheus Gay, George I. McAllister, John Dowst. Hon. Joseph Kidder, Rev. Thomas 
Borden, Secretary Herbert W. Eastman, flavor David L. Parker, A. T'. Smith, 
George E. Briggs, H. S. Ilutchinsmi. and George S. Fox of New Bedford, Mass., 
Eev. John W. Ray of ^Iiiinea])olis, ilinn. 

71 




hUlM. UHARLES H. BARTLfcTT. 
PRESIDENT OF THE DAY, TUESDAY. SEPT. 8. ChAIKMAN CF FINANCE COMMITTEE. 



LITERARY EXERCISES. 73 

After a selection by tlie liand, His Honor ]\rayor Clarke called the vast auclience 
to order and said: 

Fellow Citizens: — We have today reached the anniversary day proper of this Semi- 
Centennial celebration. Fifty years ago today .Manchester was born a city. Jf you 
were awake early this niorning you heard the cannon booming' on the heights of 
Derryfield i^ark, and reverberating along the western hills. Yesterday you saw the 
finest procession ever known in Xew Hampshire pass up Elm street, and to the reviewing 
stand. Today our public squares have been alive with sports and pastimes, and in 
another part of the city the best drilled cavalry company in the world has been enter- 
taming thousands. Our city is wearing her brightest and best holida3' garb, and in all 
quarters our people are extending an hospitable greeting to visiting friends. Jfanchester 
never looked faii'er or better than .she docs today. But while rejoicing in all that is 
delightful and attractive to the eye, we must not forget that an occasion of this char- 
acter has a deeper and higher meaning to the past, present, and future than mere holi- 
day sights and jubilation. There is associated with this anniversary an educational 
lesson of intrinsic value that we hope to see perpetuated. The story of Manchester for 
fifty years will be told to you this afternoon in words of eloquence and grace, in prose 
and poetry, by our own citizens, for there has been but one thought in the minds of 
the gene "al committee since the inception of this anniversary, and that was to make it 
distinctively a Manchester attair. And so, my friends, I esteem it a high honor to 
introduce io you as the president of the day our honored fellow townsman, the Hon. 
Charles H. liartlett. 

In assuming the duties of presiding officer, President of the Day Bartlett made 
the following address: 

Fellow Citizens: — The city of Manchester halts today at the first Semi-Centennial 
milestone in the pathway of her municipal career; swings wide her gates; calls home 
her absent sons and daughters, and welcomes alike kindred, guest, and stranger to her 
heart and hearthstone. 

Following a custom widely honored by distinguished observance, we assemble here 
in vast concourse, upon our city's fiftieth anniversary, to commemorate the event in a 
manner befitting so notable an occasion, and to give some expression to that pardonable 
pride with which we contemplate her past: to the satisfaction we find in the present, 
and to the high hope and expectation which we cherish for her future. 

First of all we welcome here today the old guard of Manchester, the survivors of 
the ten thousand who, fifty years ago this hour, committed the little Queen City to the 
winds and waves on the sea of time with their prayers and their blessings. 

Most of 3'ou have remained upon deck till this hour, sharers of her good fortune 
and enriched by her prosperity. Those who have followed the bent of stronger inclina- 
tions for other fields of enterprise, and elsewhere have waged life's battle, we have 
held in our hearts and memories not as lost but strayed, and for them the beacon fires yet 
glow ui)on our hilltops, and the lamp lingers in the window still. 

To all of you, the infant city is a matter of i^recious memory; to us of later adoption 
or birth, of tradition only; but, whether memory or tradition, it thrills our hearts with 
all the patriotic ardor and enthusiasm of which the loyal citizen is capable. 

You have seen the town of modest dimensions expand into a city of more than 
fifty-five thousand inhabitants; its industries and material development keeping pace 
with its growth in population, with the church, the sehoolhouse, and every character- 
istic of the best and highest type of civilization known on earth, ever advancing on the 
crest of the onward wave. 

I congratulate you, speaking not only for the vast multitude here assembled, but for 
all our people, whether within ur willuiut Ihese walls, upon the extreme felicity which 




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LITERARY EXERCISES. 



75 



this hour must bring to you, and v.p pray that the coltl fing-er suspended above us all, 
whose icv touch dissolves humanity, may yet long graciously pass you by; that your eyes 
may yet' behold other and still greater achievements, which we trust and believe are 
catalogued for the near future upon which we are rapidly advancing. 

I must not fail, at tlu> xery threshold of these exercises today, to express Manches- 
ter's deep and profound obligation to the various organizations from without our 
borders, which have kindly, generously, and patriotically joined with us in making 
these days of commemoration notable and distinguished beyond all others on our red- 
letter calendar. 

Especially to the National Guard of New Hampshire.—the conservator of our peace 
and our shield and defense in war,— to the many civic and fraternal bodies, whose noble 
tenets and sublime teachings have done so much to ennoble and elevate mankind; to 
the detachment from the military force of our country, whose skill, dexterity, and 
efficiency so excites the admiration and wonderment of all beholders,— do we tender our 
most profound and heartfelt acknowledgments. 

Without their co-operation, even the forces that have wrought out this triumph 
in city building could not so successfully and appropriately have celebrated the work of 
the builders. 

To her own citizens, who. in these unpropitious times, by their contributions, or 
by iJatient and unselfish labor in preparation for active participation in these commem- 
orative ceremonies, through her own various and distinguished organizations, have 
made this demonstration possible, Manchester owes a debt of gratitude which will 
never fail to receive just and merited recognition. 

As citizens of Manchester, we rejoice in this opportunity to show to those not 
familiar with her characteristics, the city we love and honor, and the reasons for our 
affectiou and loyalty. We flatter ourselves that you who have heretofore only heard 
of her and read of her have not known her at her best. To be so known she must be 
seen. She speaks to the eye more convincingly than any words can paint her to the 
\inderstanding. We ask you not only to inspect her industries, but to consider her 
residential attractions also; to contemplate not only the facilities here afforded for the 
accumulation of wealth by honest labor and business enterprise, but the opportunities 
for its enjoyment as well. We all understand the modern tendency of the people in all 
civilized countries, so far as consistent with the nature of occupation, to congregate at 
centers of population, where concert of action and co-operation of individual effort are 
attainable. It is thus that the facilities for supplying the wants of a higher civilization 
are secured with the greatest economy of effort and at the minimum cost. 

You are assembled today at one of these populous centers, with opportunities and 
possibilities for expansion without limit. The keen eye of the adventurous pioneer 
quickly caught the advantage of the situation and forecast the coming city. Today we 
exhibit the result of the first half century of Manchester's development. This is not 
completion, but beginning only. When we contemplate that only a few years hence 
one half of the population of this great country will dwell and toil within city limits, 
we come to appreciate the vast importance of the conditions of city life, and their 
potency in the determination of national destiny. 

We enter today upon the second half of our first century. We sjiread to the world 
a clean bill of health, and all the elements of a vigorous, prosperous, and successful 
municipal career. Whatever the future may have in store for us, posterity will not say 
that any ill came to them through bad beginning. This house was not built upon the 
sand. Its foundations are broad and deep and strong. The winds may come and storms 
beat upon it, but it will stand. It will not fall through any fault of the founders. 

This much it has seemed to me appropriate that I should say for Manchester. 
-Vnother will speak of her. and from that greater attraction of the day's program you 
will be but little longer detained. 





REV. B. W. LOCKHART, D. D. 



E. T. BALDWIN. 







THE ROSSINI QUARTET. 



LITERARY EXERCISES. 77 

Eev. X. L. Colby, jiastor of the ^Morriniack-street Baptist church since June, 
18T9, the senior resident pastor of the city, made a very feeling prayer. 

Tlie hymn comiiosed hy llvw J!. \V. Lockhart, set to music by Mr. E. T. Jiald- 
win, was then sung by the Kossini Quartet: ]\Irs. Zilla McC^iesten A\'aters, ^Mrs. Frank 
P. Cheney, Mrs. Annie E. Gordon, ilrs. Frank IL I'ufl'er. 

SEMI-CEXTEXXIAL HYMN. 

Queen city of the (iranite State, 
, Great be thy soul as thou art great! 

Thy nurturing' hills sweep round thee free. 
Thy river floweth to the sea. 

The ramparts of the Lord thy God 
Ciuard thee by day and night unawed: 
Their purple banners high unfurled 
Greet each new morning' of thy world. 

Great GodI we lift this hymn of praise 
To thee who measurest out our days. 
The Lord of all that live and die. 
At whose command the centuries fly. 

For fifty proud triumphant years, 
For wealth that cost nor blood nor tears, 
For the high hopes that kept us young. 
For noble griefs that made us strong; 

For peace that brooded like a dove. 
For household plent}', joy, and love. 
For freedom, won in glorious strife. 
For life that cost our best of life; 

For old heroic memories 

Borne to us from the distant days, 

And for our holy quiet graves 

Where the wind whispers in the leaves; 

For greater hopes that lead us on. 
For splendid dreams of days to come, 
\\ hen purer faith and truer creeds 
Shall blossom into kindlier deeds; 

For these we lift this hymn of praise 
To Thee who measurest out our days. 
The Lord of all that live and die, 
At whose command the centuries fly. 

Queen city of the Granite State, 
Great be thy soul as thou art great! 
Thy nurturing hills sweep round thee free, 
Thy river floweth to the sea. 

jRev. Allen E. Cross of Springfield, ilass., son of Hon. David Cross, read tht 
poem, "At the Falls of Xamoskcag." 



1 



J^ 




AT THE FALLS OF NAMOSKEAG. 



ALLEN EASTMAN CROSS. 



[When Samuel Blodget liredicted that ancient Derryfield was one day "destined to 
become the Manchester of America," he stood by the falls of Amoskeag. There was 
the power that made possible a great manufacturing city. It has seemed to me that 
there was no theme more vital to the growth of the city of Manchester, or more poetic 
in its suggestiveness, than these same falls. I have, therefore, woven their legend and 
history into verse, calling them b}- tlieir former Indian name, the Falls of Namoskeag.] 

Three souls shall meet in our gracious river. 

The soul of the mountains, stanch and free. 
The soul of the Indian ''Lake of the Spirit," 

And the infinite soul of the shining sea. 

One hath its birth by the granite mountain, 

Where a mighty face looks out alone. 
Across the world and adown the ages, 

Like the face of the C'lirist in the living stone. 

One flows from the water of Wiiinipesaukee, 

Bearing ever wliere it may glide, 
As the Indians named that beautiful water, 

"The smile of the Spirit" upon its tide. 

And the soul of the sea is at Little Harbor 

Or StrawbeiTy Bank of the olden time, 
Wiere first DeMonts and his dreaming royageurs * 

Sailed in quest of a golden clime. 

'Tis said that Power is the soul of our river, 

Plunging down from the gulfs and glooms 
Of its mountain valleys to fall in splendor. 

Or drive the belts of the myriad looms. 

To some the soul of the stream is Beauty, 

That pours from its beautiful lake above 
In silver ripples> and golden eddies, 

Like the seer's stream from the throne of love. 

79 



80 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF .MANCHESTER, N. II. 

And once, to this stream with it.s double Ijiirden, 

Tliore came a soul akin to his own; 
The heart of the river was in his j^reaching; 

The voice of the ri])i)le3 was in liis tone; 

And he stood hy the falls in the golden weather, 

Under the elm leaves, mirrored brown 
In the pictured waters, and told his hearers 

TTiiw ilie Heart of the stars and the stream came down, 

As a little child to a mother's bo-^om. 

With a wonder at hatred in his eyes. 
And an image of peace from the one Great Sjiirit 

lake the light in the stream from the glowing skies. 

And e"en while he spake, as the stream in its flowing 
Takes tints of the twilight and jeweled gleams 

Of the oak and maple, on Eliot's spirit 
Lay heavenly visions and starry dreams. 

And with only the chant of the falls in the silence. 
While the nets and the spears nncared for lay. 

Again as of old the Christ was standing 
By the lodges of Tassaconaway. 



An hundred limes had the glistening salmon 
Flashed in the falls since that sunset hour; 

An hundred times had the black ducks flying 
Followed the stream; and the Spirit of Power 

That sleeps in the river, still waited to welcome 
A heart like its own to reveal again. 

As Eliot uttered its beautiful spirit. 
Its soul of power to the souls of men. 

The wands of the willow are deeper amber. 

The coral buds of the maple bloom; 
The alders redden, the wind flowers blossom, 

And sunshine follows the winter's gloom. 

The smile of the spirit is still on the waters. 

The chime on the stones of the Xamo.skcag fall. 

But the soul of the hills as it leaps to the ocean 
To freedom and valor seems to call. 



AT THE FALLS OF XAMOSKEAG. 81 

At the door of liis mill, Ijy th-e swirl of the rapids, 

Feeling the spirit that subtly thrills, 
From the spray of the falls like an exhalation. 

Is resting our hero of the hills. 

He had won the name when lie lan the gauntlet, 

ISursting the Indian lines in twain, 
Or made his foray to save his comrades 

Through the frozen forests of far Champlain. 

Now the swish of ilie saw and the creak of the timber, 

And the swirl of the rapids alone he heard, 
AVhen sudden — a clatter of hoofs down the river — 

A horseman, a shout, and the rallying word 

Of yesterday's fighting by Concord river. 

Of the blood on the green of Lexington — 
That was all! yet the mill gate fell, and the miller, 

Left the saw to rust in the cut, and was gone. 

'Twas the word of the Lord through the ^lerrimack valley. 

From Derryfleld down to Pawtuckefs fall. 
That rang from his lips, to rise and to follow. 

As the leader thundered his rallying call. 

'Twas the sword of the Lord from the leader's scalibard 

That flashed in defiance of British wrong. 
As the rallying farmers galloped after 

Eiding to Medford a thousand strong. 
* * * 

A golden cycle of years has vanished 

Since the Derryfleld minute-man left his mill 
To lead the patriots down the valley 

To "the old rail fence" on Bunker Hill. 

The years flow on and sweep in their flowing 

Legend and life to the infinite sea — 
A city stands by the grave of the hero. 

Where the lodges and camps were wont to be. 

I'nchanged and changeless flows the river. 

But blended now with its ceaseless chime 
Is the rhythmic beating of mighty hammers. 

And a hum like the bees in summer time. 




REV. ALLEN E. CROSS. 




'"Tis said 11i:it rouci- i> the >inil of "iii- r-ivi-r. iilinmiiiL; ilnwri Inmi tlic ;.'iilrs Mini ?.'lii"iii« 
Of if- liidunlain \ ;illc\ > to l:ill ii -iplcmlur, cir ilrivc llic licit- nl tlie iii) i'i;iil Iciuiiis." 



AT THE FALLS OF XAMOSKEAG. . 83 

But the hum of the hioms and the clank of the hammers 

AYill hush to the chime of the Sabl^ath bells, 
TVliile the soul of the stream from the Lake of the Spirit 

The story of Eliot's Master tells. 

The years flow on like the flowing river, 

With peaceful eddies and daring falls. 
But if ever the life of the state is perilled, 

If duty summons or country calls, 

The soul of the hills and the stream will waken 

As it woke in the ancient minute-men. 
And the hearts of the sons like the hearts of the fathers 

Will bleed for their country's life again. 

President Bartlett, in presenting the orator of the day, said: 
We have now reached that point on the program of the day to which all have 
looked fonvard with the fondest anticipations, and which, I can assure you, all will 
look back upon with the satisfaction and delight that flow from fancy's perfect 
realization. The story of Manchester's fifty years of municipal life, and of her 
to'miship career antedating that era, of her growth in population, — of the expansion 
and multiplication of her industries, of her wonderful strides in all the arts of peace 
and the valor and heroism displayed by her sons in war, will now be told by lips that 
alwa^'s charm and never tire, will be told Ijy that eloquent orator, whom we all 
recognize as our most distinguished bimetallist, for his words are always "apples of 
gold in pictures of silver" — Judge Henry E. Burnham. 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL ORATION. 



Bv Hon. Henrv E. Burnliam. 



We have assembled today to comniemorate an event of surpassing' interest to every 
one who cherislies with love and dclig'hts to honor the city of Manchester. 

Just fifty years have ])assed since her first city g'overnment was inau-rurated vinder 
chartered rights which had been granted by the state. Today we would crown that 
event with appropriate honor, in accordance with a beautiful custom known to many 
a fireside, where, after the lapse of fifty years from some nuptial day, children and 
graiidchiUlren gather witli loving' hearts, as we have gathered here, to celebrate a 
g'okleu anniversary. 

Descendants of a noble ancestry, children by birth or by adoption of tliis rejoicing' 
city, you come to praise the deeds and to glorify the achievements of the mighty men 
of old who laid so l)road and deep the foundations of your town. You come as to some 
sacred shrine, with hearts filled with gratitude for the glorious heritage which has 
been bequeathed to you, and with deepest veneration for those brave, true men and 
women wliose memories you woiild keep forever bright and green, and whose graves 
you would today cover with flowers whose fragrance and beauty shall never cease or 
fade away. Above the foundations %%hich they laid have grown the gigantic walls of 
our manufacturing industries. Agriculture could bxiikl the town, but it required the 
enterprise and the capital of the manufacturer to create a city, and now you "would 
express your indebtedness to the intelligence, courage, and sagacity of the men who 
established here the greatest industry of our state. Success crowned their efforts. 
Capital was wedded to the .Merrimack, and a great <-ity sprang into life as if by some 
magi<' power. 

Fifty years a city! How brief a period in the rapid flight of .time, and yet how much 
of hunuui history is comprised within these limits. In this assembly are those 
whose memories go back to the commencement of that period. Some are indeed vener- 
able men and women, and all are entitled to our especial honor and respect. Their lives 
have been happily prolonged until they could witness this glorious dViy. They stood 
beside the cradled infancy of our city and guided her earliest footstejjs in their onward 
and upward course. W hat feeling mu.st thrill their hearts as memory stretches back 
to those early days of our young city, and the events of that i)eriod come thronging to 
the mind. With what jnide and rapture must the^v have viewed the rapid stritles she 
has made, and what thoughts must have been awakened by the scenes and events 
of this anniversary week. If their voices were heard today they would unite with yours 
and mine in paying a loving tribute to the beauty and worth of our Manchester, a queen 
of cities and the fairest daughter of the ilerriniack. Today she stands upon the 
threshold of the coming centurj-, her great heart beating with pride and exultant joy, 
with all the vigor of ynuth, conscious of her strength, justly glorying in her past, her 
face still bright witli the inics of the morning, and looking forward with well-grounded 
hope, unboiiiuli'd coiiiidcMcc, and dauiitless courage to a future still brighter ;ind more 
glorious. 

At such a time it is natural to turn back the pages of history, to examine the earliest 
records, and to gather from them, and from the reabus of trailition, the story of her 

8-1 




HON. HENRY E. BURNHAM. 



86 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

beginning, and of those eventfnl periods wliieli have made her life so honored and 
successful. Before the white man had sought to build a home within the present limits 
of our city, a strange race of men roamed over these hills and along our valleys, for 
years unnumbered and unknown. Their domain extended to the land of the Mohawks 
on the west, and the broad Atlantic was their boundary on the east. Even then the 
advantages and attractiveness of this locality were recognized, for here was the seat of 
empire of the powerful tribes of I'ennaeooks, which held sway over a vast domain. Here 
was the royal residence of their sagamore, around which their council fires were lighted; 
and here upon the bhitf, wliich from the eastern bank looks down upon the falls of 
Amoskeag, was their wigwam village. I'assaeonaway, cliieftain of many tribes, saga- 
more of the Penuacooks, the sachem of the East, here held his imperial court. Friend 
of the white man, he saw the paleface occupying the hunting grounds of his tribe, and 
knew that his barbaric empire must soon fall before the advancing march of civilization. 
He communed with the Great Spirit and, in his dying address to the assembled tribes, 
is said to have predicted the triumph of tlie white man, and the sad destiny of the 
Indian race. To him the Great Spirit, according to the Indian legend, revealed in pro- 
phetic words, that "these meadows they shall turn with the plow; these forests shall fall 
by the ax; the palefaces shall live ujjon your hunting grounds, and make their villages 
upon your fishing places." 

Whatever may have been the origin of these words, how truthfully did thej- foretell 
succeeding events. For have not these fields yielded to the plow, the forests fallen by 
the ax, their hunting grounds become the homes of the palefaces, and their old fishing 
place of Amoskeag become the city of Manchester? The red man has disappeared; the 
proud race to which he belonged has passed away. The forests where he hunted have 
fallen by decay or the woodman's ax, and the rivers and streams that once bore his 
light canoe still flow on, but give no history of this departed race. No ruins of 
ancient tower or wall or monument tell to succeeding ages that such a race once existed 
here. Nothing remains but the few buried implements of war, the rude fragments of 
pottery, and the unmarked graves of their dead. The ashes of their wigwams have long 
since mingled with the dust, and the dwellings of another race now cover their ancient 
haunts. 

More than one hundred years after the Pilgrim fathers landed at Plymouth Rock, 
the first white settlement was made within the limits of our city. In 1722 John (Joflfe, Jr., 
Edward Lingfield, and Benjamin Kidder came from Massachusetts and established their 
homes near the mouth of Cohas brook, and a few years later Archibald Stark, John 
McNeil, and John Riddell left their homes in Londonderry, and located on the east bank 
of our river, near the falls of Amoskeag. These hardy pioneers were the men whom we 
are now proud to call the fathers and the founders of our town. 

The name of Goffe is conspicuous in our early history, and is still borne by the 
prosperous village and the falls near which he lived, while the fame of Stark and of his 
descendants has illumined with unfading light the pages of our country's history. They 
and their associates first bore the light of progress into this dark and unknown land. 
They were a part of that band of pioneers which led the way in the march of civilization. 
They were men of heroic mold, and belonged to a race which has found no superior 
among the generations that have come and gone. For where has religion found more 
zealous and intelligent disciples, liberty more loyal or more glorious defenders, and 
patriotism, fortitude, and integrity been more truly exemplified than among that race 
to which our ancestry belonged, which came from the north of Ireland, and is known 
and honored todaj- as the Scotch-Irish race? Others came from time to time and estab- 
lished homes in this vicinity, and this young settlement gradually increased in numbers. 
The forests were slowly retreating before the conquering ax, and the stubborn soil 
was yielding more and more to the labor of the hushaiHhuan. I'eace and plenty, with 





REV. CYRUS W, WALLACE, D, D, 
DIED OCT. 21 , 1889. 



REV. N. L, COLBY. 



■\ 




REV. WILLIAM McDONALD. 
DIED AUGUST 26, 1865. 



88 SEMI-CENTENSIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

li;i|)]iiiiess and coiitentiiioiit, sci'IiumI to lie the hjt of these bra\e men anil women, bnt 
(laiifiier from a cniel anti iinielentinf;' foe was soon found to be about them on every 
hand. Tlu-ir liuntinf,'' ])arties were often attacked by the red men from the Xorth', and 
in tlie deadly aml)useade the white man fell or was taken away into a eaptivity worse 
than death. John Stark, the hero of tlie Itevolution, was taken eaptive while engaged 
in one of these hunting expeditions, and held until his ransom had been paid. The 
homes of many in the neighboriuir .settlements were burned, while women and children 
were taken a\\:i\ to Canada, and husbands and fathers were slain by their savage foes. 
Alarm and terror filled the habitations of these early settlers, but no one abandoned the 
post of duty; the lines of advance whi<-h they had established were never deserted, biit 
farther and farther into the wilderness moved these outposts of the coming civilization. 

At a later period the contests of the mother country with France inflicted upon 
these colonies unnumbered woes. The old Fren< li and Indian wars involved the border, 
settlements in all the horrors of savage warfare. In those long and crtiel conflicts 
which left their trail of lire and blood over so niuili of this fair land, we find the men 
froiTi this little settlement of Uerryfield foremost in every liattle. and on every field of 
honor. Her sons were at the defense and massacre' of Fort AVilliain Henry, at Crown 
Point, Lake (jeorge. Fort Kdward, and in the repeated expeditions against Canada. 
They were a part of that famous body of men, known wherever the history of brave 
deeds have been read, as IJogers's liangers. whose i)eriloiis duties and whose great achieve- 
ments have excited the interest of all who honor deeds of noble daring. And in that 
battle which fills so important a ])laee in English history, niion the Plains of .\braham, 
with the immortal Wolfe, the sons of Derryfield performed a chivalric and a glorious part. 

History has recorded that during the Seven Years' War, and the Indian wars that 
preceded it, old .\moskeag furnished more fighting officers and fighting men than any 
other ])l!i(e or territory of equal extent in .Vew England, and no names are written 
higher or beam brighter upon the roll of honor than the names of our Stark, Webster, 
and (loffe. Truly may it be said of us, as has been said of other descendants of a New 
England anccstr\': 

"No lack is in your primal stock. 

No weakling founders builded here; 
They w-ere the men of Plymouth Kock, 
The Briton and the cavalier." 

On the third day of .September, one hundred and forty-five years ago, the town of 
Derryfield was incorporated. Her ancient charter, granted bj' King George II, in the 
twenty-fifth year of his reig'n, included eighteen square miles taken from the town of 
<'hester, nine from the town of Londonderry, and eight from Harrytown, and in 1792 
that pait of Harrytown which was calked Henrysburg was annexed. The seat of 
government was then at the little hamh't which has been known as Manchester Center, 
and the i)lace where the voters met and the business of the town was transacted was the 
taverti of .folin TIall. Here they legislated for the interests of this small eommnnity, 
and here they learned and practiced the great principles of self government. By the 
experiences of tlnir I'luntier life, by their hunting and scouting expeditions, by their 
military training and the part they had taken in an almost constant warfare, they had 
become accustomed to every danger, inunil to every hardshi|), and sternly disciplined 
for that nobler and grander field of action, in which they were soon to be known as thu 
patriot fathers of the Itevolution. 'i'hey had reclaimed this land from a state of 
nature, and they loved that soil which they had taken from the forest and given to the 
plow. They had found in the freedom of the wood, the stream, and the air the sweet 
spirit of human liberty, and in their civil government, as they would establish it, they 
had found an ideal republic, and when their rights, which they believed to be sacred 
and inviolable, were assailed, these men of Derrylicld were ready to defend them against 
the aggressions of the mother land. 




MANCHESTER FROM AMOSKEAG FALLS. 






15SS? 




THE SOLDIERS AND SAILORS MONUMENT. 
DEDICATED SEFT. I I, 1879. 



90 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. }I. 

The war of tlu' Kcvolution begiiii. The blooil of AnuM-ican patriots crimsoned 
the fjreeii at Lexinf^ton, and the call to arms resounded alonjf the valley of the >[errimack. 
Tliirty-four out of thirty-six who could res])ond, in this little town of Uerryfield, 
answered to that call. And here we may jiause to inquire upon what pnge of history, 
ancient or modern, can such a record of patriotism be found? In that long' and doubt- 
ful strug-g'le for independence, the men of this town, faithful to the "association test," 
which all had taken, performed their duty with unflinching- courage and left a record of 
valor and patriotism unKuri)assed in the hisfury of that heroic age. They were 
with Stark and lloor at Bunker Hill, and were the last to leave those heights from 
which the British hosts, by repeated assaults, had failed to drive them. At Trenton, 
Princeton, IJennington, and on many other hard fought battletit-Ids. they were among 
the truest and the bravest of the |)atriot army. 

l!ut there is one name that brightens with increasing luster as the years pass by. 
It is the name of the greatest military hero which our Xew Hampshire gave to that 
Eevolutionary period; and today, w-hile in the full enjoyment of the rich blessings 
which the fathers bequeathed to ns, we would pay our tribute to the hero of Bennington 
and Bunker Hill. Upon yonder bluff, overlooking the waters of the Merrimack, the 
■■ ashes of the old hero rest in the place he loved, and in a grave which will be forever 
honored and forever sacred. His hallowed dust belongs to us: his name and fame 
belong to our city, our state, and our country, and his spirit to the God of battles, who 
gave to him the genius of victory and an immortality of fame. And in the coming ages, 
patriotism will find no shrine more fitting for her place of worship, and liberty no place 
from which to draw a purer, loftier in.spiration than at the grave of Stark. 

The triumph of American arms and the achievement of our independence were 
duly celebrated at Amoskeag on the 10th day of July, 1783. The termination of this 
long war was followed by a constructive period, during which this little community, 
slowly increasing in nutnber.s, was devoting itself more attentively than before to agri- 
cultural pursuits. Ten years later .Judge Blodget, who had been a commissary in the 
army, and a judge of the court of common pleas for this county, came to reside on the 
east side of the river, near the falls. He was a man of rare enterprise, indomitable will, 
and great wealth. He had conceived the plan of constructing a canal around the falls 
for the purpose of conveying to market the vast amount of lumber which was easily 
accessible from the river and its tributaries. His work was commenced the following 
year, but was not successfully completed until 1S07, when, upon a May day of that year, 
he passed through the canal and the locks to the river, and realized the success of his 
long-cherished plan, and the gratification of his highest ambition. 

He was, indeed, as the inscrii)tiou upon his monument informs ns, the pioneer of 
internal improvements in Xew Hampshire. We honor this man for the great qualities 
illustrated in that gigantic enterprise which he successfully accomplished, but still more 
would we honor him from the fact that he first saw and appreciated the wondrous 
possibilities involved in the mighty forces of these falling waters. He invited capitalists 
to locate here and to utilize those powers, and, believing that the time would soon come 
when large factories would be b\iilt along his canal, he purchased clay banks which have 
furnished the greater part of the brick for our city. He looked into the future with 
wiser foresight than any of his compeers. He knew- that in the old country, located 
upon both sides of the river Irwell, as our city is located upon the Merrimack, was the 
greatest cotton manufacturing city of the world and, as the thought of that ancient and 
wonderful city of Manchester, England, came to his mind, he predicted that here, at 
some future time, would be the Manchester of America. 

In three years after the death of Judge Blodget, the people of this community dis- 
carded the name of Derry field and, under proper authority, assumed the more appro- 
priate name of Manchester, a change which was doubtless occasioned l)y the fact that 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL ORATION. 



9L 



a cotton mill had been established at the falls the year before, and by the sanguine hopes 
of those who believed that this remarkable prediction of Judge Blodget would be 
verified, and that here would be built a great manufacturing city. 

In 1846 our population, which had been rapidly increasing- for the past eight years, 
became so large that the old form of town government and method of electing officers 
was no longer practicable, and a committee consisting of David Gillis, Samuel D. Bell, 
Isaac Riddle, AVilliam C. Clarke, John A. Burnham, Luther Farley, and Walter French 
was appointed to petition the legislature for a city charter. At the June session of the 
legislature of 1S46, the charter was granted, and was accepted at a town meeting held 
on the first day of August of that year. The first meeting for the election of city officers 
was held August 19. There were four candidates for the office of mayor, and, as no one 
had a majority, another meeting was held on the first day of September, and Hiram 
Brown was then chosen as our first mayor. 

On the eighth day of September, ju.st fifty years ago, the new city government was 
organized; prayer was offered by Kev. Cyrus W. Wallace, and the oath of office was 
administered by Hon. Daniel Clark. Of the men who then assumed the government 
of the new city, only three are now living: Our honored and distinguished fellow citizens. 
Judge David Cross,Vol. John S. Kidder, and William Boyd, Esq., whom it is our especial 
pleasure to greet and congratulate today. In 1830 our population was 8:i7, and in 1838 
it was probably less than a thousand, but in 1846 it had increased to 10,125, and today we 
may fairly estimate that we number more than 55,000 inhabitants. The assessed valu- 
ation of the town in 1S46 was $3,187,726; now it is $29,361,418. The number of polls then 
was 2,056; now the number is 12,583. Fifty years ago the only savings bank in our city 
was the Manchester, which was chartered July 8, 1846, and now by the last report the 
deposits in our savings banks amount to $15,599,320.44, and the depositors number 33,351. 

What a marvelous growth I It is no wonder that the hearts of our citizens swell 
with pride, and that we are inclined to boast of this wonderful progress. But while we 
contemplate these changes and observe how year by year we have grown in wealth and 
population, the inquiry comes to us, what potent charm has drawn together so many 
from far and near; what great inducements have gathered this large number and made 
them citizens of Manchester, and what transcendent power has created these resistless 
charms and made possible these strong temptations'? 

The answer comes from not far away. Over the bank and down the valley, you see 
the broad, bright band of moving waters. You read the answer in the sparkling light 
from its silvered surface, and where it breaks and rolls over rock and ledge you hear the 
answer in the roar and thunder of the falls of Amoskeag. Beautiful river, born among 
the white hills of the north, gathering her waters from spring and stream, and from 
that lake of rarest beauty, where the smile of the Great Spirit rests forever, she moves 
with ever increasing power along her channelled pathway to the sea. Other rivers may 
bear upon their bosoms a larger commerce and greater ships may plow their waters. 
Others may journey further or in a larger volume before their waters mingle with the 
ocean, but what river has contributed more generously her tireless energies to the 
service of mankind, or conferred in a larger measure the comforts and blessings of life? 
Richer than the deposits of the Nile have been her contributions to the welfare of the 
two commonwealths through which she passes. For unknown years her fishing places 
had attracted to her banks the Namaoskeags, and from her depths the early settlers 
had drawn an abundant supply of food, but the time had come when that mighty power 
which for untold ages had been wasted was to be called into action. The hand of 
capital now grasped the energies of these falling waters, harnessed them to the wheel, 
and set in motion those long lines of machinery which have given occupation to labor, 
wealth to the capitalist, markets to a neighboring people, and a city to our Granite State. 

In the early part of 1S09, a small cotton mill was erected on the west side of the 
Amoskeag falls by Benjamin Prichard, Ephraim, David, and Robert Stevens. This was 



!I2 SEMT-CENTENNIAL OF MANrilESTKK, X. II. 

the beffiiiniiifj: of tliat iiulii.strial ilfvclupnicnl wliicli has characterized and disting'uished 
our city, but no remarkable progress was made until after the incorporation of the pres- 
ent Amoskeag Alanufacturing Companj', in 1831. This company became the owner of all 
our water power, and of a larpe tract of land amounting to about twenty-five huufired 
acres on both .sides of the river. In 1838, and at subsequent .sales, a part of this land was 
conveyed by the company, and was soon occupied for business and residential purposes. 
The new village, as it was called, then s])rang' into existence, and in 1S41, after a 
spirited controversy, the seat of government \%as transferred from the Center, and the 
first town meeting was held in a liall upon Amherst street. 

Other cor])orations soon formed, and it is a matter of extraordinary interest to 
note the growth of these cotton and woolen industries during the last fifty years. In 
1846 there were the mills of the Amoskeag, Stark, and Manchester, with their 88,320 
spindles, 2,418 looms, 1,960 employees, and the}' were manufacturing yearly 19,400,000 
yards of cloth. In 1896 there are the Amoskeag, Stark, Amory, Manchester, aTid Devon- 
shire .Mills, and the printing department of tlie Manchester, with a total of 565,000 spin- 
dles, 18.379 looms, capable of employing 14, ISO operatives, and of manufacturing yearly 
199,770,000 yards of cloth, and of printing 4!),s00,0()0 yards. The capital stock of these cor- 
porations amounts to $8,700,000, and their yearly pay-roll to $5,104,800. You have seen 
these cotton and woolen mills growing steadily on both sides of the river, and have 
noticed how their huge walls have been lengthening and climbing up higher and higher. 
You have also seen our city broadening and extending with a corresi)onding growth. In 
the old Greek mythology it is said that when the walls were being built around the ancient 
city of Thebes, the stones assumed their appro[)riate places to the music of .\mphion"s 
Ij're; so may it be said that the stones which made the walls of our city assumed their 
places to the music of the multiplying notes of the loom and the spindle. 

The old resident will be found today in a reminiscent mood. He will think of our 
city as it was fifty years ago: how its compact part was mainly bounded by Lowell, 
Union, and Merrimack streets, and on the west by the river. He will recall the little 
hamlets on the east and the south, and the villages of Piscataqiiog and Amoskeag across 
the river, which were added to our city in 1853. He will remember the large tract of 
woodland east of Union and south of Hanover street, which concealed the awful crime of 
murder in 1845; the growth of wood and timber just north of Lowell street, and another 
growth westerly from the city hall, and the low ground where the alders grew, in the 
place of Washington and liirch streets. He will recall the public assemblies held in a 
great natural amphitheater, where a ravine extended southwesterly from Merrimack 
street on the west side of Elm, and he will marvel how the sand hills of years ago have 
grown into beautiful residences and massive business blocks, and how the forests have 
given place to fruit trees and flowering shrubs, and how the rough and rugged surface 
has been transformed into the beauty of well-kept lawns. 

If awakened from a Itip Van Winkle sleep, he would naturally inquire for the old 
fair grounds, and wonder what had become of the famous race track, the cattle ])ens, 
and the high board fence. Hardly could you imagine the surprise which the changes 
there made would excite in his mind, but if Jie should look across the river, he would 
there observe the greatest miracle of all, a city fully grown in the short space of fifteen 
years, provided wiili iliurches, schools, and everything essential to a completed city, 
except a city hall. In whatever direction he may turn his gaze, he would notice how 
streets have multiplied and extended, and would discover the myriad of happy and beau- 
tiful homes which adorn their sides, and if he would compare the present streets and 
walks with the liighways of fifty years ago he would find that then we had only eleven 
miles of streets, and today we have nearly 140 miles and 128 miles of sidewalks. He would 
miss the old stages, and the barges, and the cars drawn by wearied horses, and would 
wonder what mysterious power could propel these new and heavier cars miles away 
without the apparent aid of physical force. Doubtless it would be difficult for him to 




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94 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF M4NCHESTER, N. II. 

■understand liow the fires of heaven have been eaptnred and made to serve the purposes 
of man, and how the sound of the human voice is conveyed upon a slender wire, and at 
evening- he would wonder as he saw our city bright and clear as noonday, illumined by 
more than four hundred electric lights, which gleam along the streets or through the 
emerald lacework of the overarching trees. 

Four years before the beginning of this half century, a locomotive engine and train 
of c.irs first entered our city. Then for the first time was heard in our valley the sound 
of the engine's whistle, and the rumbling of ears propelled by steam. Xow thirty-seven 
passenger trains come to our city every week day; a large freight house is in process of 
construction, and a new passenger station is confidently expected, while our hopes are 
still .sanguine that we shall sometime be able to pass through the good old towns of 
Bedford and Amherst, on our way to the great West, by the Manchester & Milford 
Railroad. '' 

In our brief survey of the past, we have called to mind some of the causes which 
have given to us a municipal structure of such symmetry and strength. We have 
thought of its foundation and of the brave and stalwart men and women who were 
present and active when that foundation was laid, but now we are led to ask what forces 
have since shaped and molded the character and habits of our people. We learn some- 
thing of these causes from that chime of sweet-toned bells, which on every Sabbath 
morning invites all our people to gather at the sacred altar, and also from the blessed 
soimd of the Angelus which three times in every day summons so many to the brief 
re.sponse of prayer. Here the precepts of religion and of good morals have always been 
respected. Our pulpits have been occupied by men of true piety and of great learning 
and ability. Our many churches, representing almost every form of religious belief, 
have been built and sustained with a liberality which has been seldom eq\ialled. and all 
their missions and charities have been generously supported. The influence of the 
church upon our young city has been of immeasurable benefit in elevating her character 
and promoting her highest interests, and we would place the ojien Bible as the first and 
greatest cause of our material and moral progress. 

From the commencement of her existence as a citj', Jlanchester has been liberal 
in her expenditures for her public schools. She has ever regarded with affectionate and 
parental interest the education of her children, believing that upon the intelligence of 
her citizens largely depended her real welfare and permanent advancement. Today we 
have belonging to our public schools about fifty-two hundred scholars, and under the 
parochial <'harge there are about four thousand. If we would compare the conditions 
of fifty years ago with the present, we need only to look at the old high-school house 
on Lowell street, and contrast it with the new school building now in process of con- 
struction, or with St. Anselm's College. Faithful and excellent instructors have been 
in charge of all our schools, and we may rest assured that every privilege and oppor- 
tunity which the city could provide has been generously given for the benefit of those 
whom we may well regard as the most precious jewels of our community, and we can 
surely attriliute much of our progress and enlightenment to the school book and the 
school rooms of our city. 

Not only has the ennobling cause of education been sustained by her schools but 
she has added another most eflicient means of assisting the young, the middle aged, and 
the old along the pathway of learning by her library and her library building. In 1S46 
the Manchester Athenaeum possessed 1677 volumes. Eight years later a free public 
library was established by the city, and the books and other property of the Athenaeum 
■were purchased. Liberal donations have been made by our great corporations, and the 
city has expended annually for books the sum of one thousand dollars, ;ind now the 
number of i)iiblications in the library is 40,12,'j. 

Ours is an industrious city, Knergy, activity, and determination have characterized 
all her efforts. Idleness has received no crown of honor in her social or business 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL ORATION. 95 

life. !Her capital and resources have generally been employed in gainful pursuits, 
and her labor has therefore had a larger and more constant reward. It is trvie 
that at the present time the clouds of business depression hang heavily over all this 
land, but it cannot be that this great nation, with all its power and boundless resources, 
shall long remain in the shadow of an unnatural eclipse. Beyond the clouds raust still 
be shining the golden sun, soon to dispel the present gloom, and restore to ilanchester 
her accustomed place in the front rank of our most favored cities. 

In ail the years gone by harmony has prevailed in our councils and unity in our 
action. While other cities have been disturbed by conflicts between capital and labor, 
here the liberality- of the one and the intelligence and good sense of the other have 
generally prevailed. Eealizing their mutual dependence they have pursued their way, 
hand in hand, while both have shared in the beneficent results of their just and helpful 
co-operation. Fraternal, charitable, and social organizations have here multiplied and 
prospered, and nowhere have they found more zealous friends or a more congenial 
home. Here classes are unknown. There is no aristocracy of birth or wealth. That 
principle of equality, which is the fundamental law of the land, has nowhere a more 
generous exponent than in our own city. We bring the wreath of honor to deck the 
brow of that labor which has helped to build up our city with tlie same pride and sense 
of obligation with which we would reward the men who planned and directed the work. 
The spirit of a broad and intelligent liberality has developed more and more with our 
multiijlying years, and the words of Tennyson come back to us as a history and a 
prophesy that 

. . . "through the ages one increasing purpose runs. 

And the thoughts of men are widened with the process of the suns." 

Her gates have been opened wide. The avenues to her heart and homes have been 
broad and free, and over every entrance has been seen and read of all men the inviting 
word "Welcome." She has extended her hand in cordial gi'eeting to every deserving son 
of toil and to every one who sought in honor and g-ood faith to become a useful citizen,- 
while her Board of Trade, active and zealous for her interest, has invited here and 
heljied to establish man.y new and valuable industries. Her busy life and her golden 
opportunities have attracted strong and sturdy sons from the neighboring hills and 
valleys. From across the sea, from the fair land of Ireland, from the home of Shakes- 
peare, Pitt, and Gladstone, from the Scottish highlands, still vocal with the songs of 
Eobert Burns, and from the principalitj- of Wales they have come. From the banks 
of the St. Lawrence, from the land of Lafayette, from where the great Frederick 
reigned, and from King Oscar's realm, they have all brought to us their wealth of 
brain and muscle, which has helped to rear the glorious fabric of our city. Far away 
from where they sundered the ties of home and kindred they have made their dwelling 
places, and in hearty union have labored with us for the highest interest of this com- 
munity. None have joined more eagerly and helpfully in the labors and contributions 
for these commemorative days than have the men and women who were born in other 
lands. And although their hearts maj" yet thrill with the music of the fatherland, 
and their eyes brighten at sight of the flag which floated above their birthplace, yet far 
deeper in their hearts today swells the heaven-born anthem of "America," and above the 
ensigns of every land, their glad and loving eyes behold the Star Spangled Banner of 
the fi'ee. 

Although fondly devoted to the arts and ways of peace, and knowing the liavnc and 
horrors of war, yet our citj- has ever sought to preserve the martial spirit of her people, 
and has at all times sustained and encouraged the citizen soldier}- of the state, for she 
understands that the strong arm of military i)Ower may at some time be invoked to 
sustain her civil authority at home or to protect and defend her rights abroad. And 
she has always favored and honored that military organization, whose origin dates 




RT. REV. DENIS M. BRADLEY. 
-BISHOP OF MANCHESTER. 



J 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL ORATION. 97 

back almost to her own birtluiay, and whose praiseworthy object is to keep forever 
bright and burning the patriot fires of the Revolution, and to preserve in immortal 
honor the names and the deeds of those old heroes who wore the continental uniform. 

The wealth of our city is not confined to her material resources. Upon her 
roll of honor we read today the names of those who have brought to her treasures far 
richer, more precious, and more enduringr than the accumulated fortunes of all her 
citizens. The names upon that roll are found in the records of the pulpit, in the list 
of lawyers, physicians, and business men, while in her military annals they beam with 
a luster unsurpassed. Among- the clerg-y, there is one whose name is in all your minds 
and whose presence is recalled bj' many. For almost thirty-five years his voice was 
heard in the old Hanover-street church. Forcible, sincere, and eloquent, beloved by 
his people, respected and honored by all who knew him, he labored zealously and 
effectively for the moral and religious improvement of this community, and our city 
can never forget or fully measure the value of the life, the services, and the teachings 
of the Rev. Br. Wallace. There was one who came here early in the life of our city, 
of a different faith, born in a foreign land, whose devout and Intelligent spirit was 
imiiressed upon a large number in this community, and whose influence in the support 
of civil administration, in the education of his people, and in elevating and ennobling 
the life of our city, merits, and should receive, a grateful acknowledgment. He was 
called the pioneer in New England in the education of the people of his faith, and not 
only among those to whom he ministered, but among all our citizens, there remains a 
respectful and appreciative memory of the Rev. William MacDonald. Upon that roll 
we read the names of five who have been governors of the state: Frederick Smyth, 
James A. Weston, Ezekiel A. Straw, Person C. Cheney, and Moody Currier. We read 
the names of judges of our courts; conspicuous among them one, with an illustrious 
ancestry, who added to the title of the good citizen, the distinguisheu honor of being 
the chief justice of our state. There, too, are the names of attorney-generals of high 
rank, advocates of pre-eminent ability, men who have won a national fame in the halls 
of congress, and that of the great senator who was afterwards a judge of the district 
court of the United States. We read, too, the names of the good physicians, whose mem- 
ories are cherished in the homes of our citizens, and educators who faithfully and ably 
trained and guided the footsteps of the young. 

In that field of human effort where genius and ability are measured at their true 
worth, we find the name of him who was one of the leaders of his partj', and who 
possessed that masterful mind which controlled so ably for so many years a great 
newspaper enterprise. Contemporary with him, but of a different political belief and 
party, was the editor of another of the leading papers of our state, a man devoted to 
his business, of great ability, and who filled a large place among those forces which 
mold and govern public opiuion, and in the hereafter the great newspaper fraternity 
will always recognize, among its ablest and most distinguished editors, the names of 
John B. Clarke and James M. Campbell. We have with us today a remnant of that 
Grand Army which entered the city of Mexico in triumph, and gave prestige and 
renown to American arms. We appreciate the services and honor the valorous deeds 
of these survivors, and of their comrades who have passed away. 

When the War of the Rebellion commenced and the news of the attack upon Fort 
Sumter reached our citj, IManchester i-espoiided with the same spirit that animated the 
Ijatriot fathers in the Revolution. Her sons were worthy of their sires, and at their 
first official meeting the mayor was ordered to cause the Stars and Stripes to be raised 
over the city hall, there to remain until that flag was recognized as the national emblem 
all over this broad land, and at a public meeting it was unanimously resolved to pledge 
the last man and the last dollar for the preservation of the Union. Under the various 
calls of the government two thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight of the sons of 
Manchester went forth to the battlefields of the South. Xo triier. better, braver, 
soldiers enlisted in that great war. Tlley were willing to sacrifice their lives upon the 





JOHN B. CLARKE. 



JAMES M. CAMPBELL. 




NEW HAMPSHIRE FIRE HNSURANCE COMPANY BUILDING, 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL ORATION. 99 

altar of their country to save the republic and the union of these states. They believed 
that the interests of the present and of future generations demanded this awful sacri- 
fice, and «itli tlie spirit of tlie holy martyrs they marched to battle as if 
■'The fittest place where man can die, 
Is where he dies for man." 

The soldiers from this city formed a part of every militar}- organization in this 
state except the Eighth and Seventeenth regiments, and were in nearly all of the great 
battles of that long and bloody conflict, and one of her sons, a distinguished soldier. 
General Kichard N. Batchelder, has just completed a long and honorable service in the 
highest office of the quartermaster's department. They were with Shattuck on the red 
field of Fredericksbui-g, in the vain assaults on Mai'ye's Heights, where New Hampshire's 
dead lay nearest to the foe. They were with IDonahoe on many a field where Irish valor 
helped to win the fight; with Meade on those three immortal da3's at Gettysburg; with 
Sheridan at Cedar Creek and 'SVincliester, where the cry of defeat was changed into the 
shout of victorj-, and with Grant at Appomattox, where the Stars and Bars went down 
in the gloom of eternal night, and the .Stars and Stripes went up in the glorious light 
of eternal day. Some of our brave soldiers wear upon their breasts medals of priceless 
honor, which the government thej' helped to save has bestowed upon them. They held 
the Union line before Riclimond in the closing scenes of the war, as tliey had held the 
line on many a field before, and like the Swiss patriot, Arnold Von Winkelreid, 
were ready to receive in their own bosoms the sheaf of spears that was intended to 
pierce tlieir countrj's heai't. The names of our heroes, living' and dead, are recorded on 
the brightest pages of history, but we wish that we could write them 
"On every star that shines. 
Engrave their story on the living sky 
To be forever read by every eye." 

Ours is Indeed a city of homes, presided over today, as in ali the past, by 
"The grace of women pure and fair 
As the mayflower's bloom when the woods are bare." 
Their influence, commencing at the cradle, has ever gone forth for that which was best 
and noblest in the life of our city. They were with the pioneers and helped to build 
our earliest homes, and the.y shared in the dangers and endured all the hardshix^s of a 
frontier life. They were patriots in the Kevolution, and with a woman's ardent devo- 
tion sustained the cause of liberty. In the great civil war, they inspired the Union 
soldier with a purer and deeper love of countrj-. Like ministering angels they were 
at the hospitals where the sick and wounded needed their helpful service and loving 
care. They shared -in the woes and agonies of that long and gloomy night of war. 
They saw the strong and stalwart of their household go forth to battle, and bade them 
a last adieu. They suffered the pangs and tortures of unmeasured grief at the loss of 
loved ones, and the hearts of many were buried at the South, in the unknown graves. 
But from every hearthstone went out their words of encouragement and cheer, and from 
the domestic altar went up their prayers to the God of battles, that the noblest cause 
for whicli man ever fought might l)e crowned at last with victor}-. They have ever been 
the light and comfort of home, the faithful teachers in every school, and the willing 
toilers at the loom, the desk, the shop, and store. We are honored by their presence 
today, and our highest meed of praise goes out from every heart to those brave and 
noble women who have been in all our past the most faithful and the most constant 
helpers in every enterprise and effort which would make our city progressive, honor- 
able, and great. 

Our city has always been fortunate in her choice of a chief executive. Three of 
her majors have been governors of the state, one a judge of our supreme court, one an 
adjutant-general of the state, one is our present efficient postmaster, and another is 
the distinguished presiding officer of this occasion. Today she takes pride in the 
intelligence, enthusiasm, tact, and executive aljility of her joimg mayor, under whose 




THE MANCHESTER BANK BUILDING. 




THE MONADNOCKAND UPTON BLOCKS. 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL ORATION. 



101 



direction, constant attention, and unremitting- effort this great undertaking, the cele- 
bration of our golden anniversary, has been inaugurated and so successfully carried 
on toward its completion, and to him. and to a zealous, able, and most efficient com- 
mittee, all, with one accord, return the largest measure of gratitude and thanks. 

In this far-famed valley of the :Merrinuick rests our imperial city. Her streets in 
regular and far-extended lines are embowered by the sheltering elm and maple; her 
squares and parks, many of them the gift of her great Amoskeag Corporation, lie like 
emerald shields upon her bosom, while far aiul wide her broad expanse is studded with 
her imposing public buildings, her stately business blocks, her magnificent residences, 
and her gigantic mills and shops. To the east, supplying her with an abundance of the 
purest water, lies her fair Lake Massabesic, with its enchanting scenery, wooded islands, 
and shaded shores. Around her are the eternal hills and mountains, which seem to 
enfold her in their loving embrace, and to defend her by their massive walls. From 
the west the Uncanoonucs. striving to keep the clouds and storms away, look kindly 
down upon her from their double towers, and nearer, like some "huge rampart, stands 
bold Kock Eimmon, grimly guarding her western portals, while down her valley the 
obedient river lingers to expend her gathered i>o\vers upon the waiting wheels, and then, 
when her generous work is done, flows on in triumph through her natural channel 
toward the sea. 

With such a heritage, with such a history, and with such a people, we make our 
entrance today upon a new and untried field of action. The voices of children and the 
bright faces of the young tell us of the morning, and that the blessed sunlight of our 
prosperity is yet but slightly advanced toward the meridian, while happy and auspicious 
omens from every side reveal to us the glory of the future and tell us to advance in 
the '<vay our fathers trod. 

"Then forward men aiul women! Let the bell 

Of progress echo through each wakened mind! 
Let the grand chorus through our numbers swell. 

Who will not hasten shall be left behind! 

Who conquers, shall a crown of glory find; 
Who falls, if faithful shall but fall to ri.se. 

Free from the tear drenched clay that clogs mankind. 
To where new triumphs greet his eager eyes; 

Forward will ever be the watchword of the skies." 
Today, with united front. ])roud of our city and of her grand achievements, proud 
of her mighty industries which, now diversified, are stronger than before, and proud 
of the illustrious names and deeds of her sons and daughters, who have given to her an 
immortality of honor, we are marching forward, with our banners streaming in a 
prospering breeze, and inscribed in letters of golden light with the word "Progress." 

The approving smile and cheer of the good and true inspire us with hope and courage. 
The overarching skies, so beautiful and bright and clear on this glad September after- 
noon, pronounce their benediction. Those venerated men and women who still remain, 
survivors of a former generation, with uplifted hands, tremulous with age, invoke uj^on 
us all a father's blessing, while the 'ijiirifs of our departed heroes seem to beckon us on, 
brightening our pathway and directing us in our onward and upward course. 

With such aid, encouragement, and insiiiration. with the most cheering hopes of the 
future, with pledges of loyalty and fidelity to the example and teachings of the honored 
men and women who have gone before, .-ind with a supreme faith in that Providence 
whose protecting arm has been around and about us in all the jiast, we enter upon the 
duties of the coming century. 

The entire audience, led by tlie quartet, tlien Pan<r "America." and the exereises 
closed by the recital of the Lord's jirayer and lienediction l)y I't. Rev. Denis M. 
Bradley, Bishop of Manchester. 







O 
O 

X 

o 

CO ^ 
X o 



<r> 

X 

o 



CHILDREN'S DAY. 

WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 9. 




FIRST SCHOOLHOUSE IN MANCHESTER. 



Under the dii-ection of Supcrinteiulenl of Schools William ]•! lUick, nnd tlie 
committee on school exercises, a very entertaining and instructive program was 

-__^.-_ — —^ — ^ — -,=..= carried out in the tent on the Straw grounds, 

B;_ at 9 A. M. on Wednesday, September 9. 

Over three thousand children of the public 
and parochial schools, in charge of their 
teachers, assembled in the tent, and as many 
more of the parents and friends of the pupils 
attended the exercises. All were seated by 
a corps of ushers in charge of Channing Cox. 
It was undoubtedly the largest audience ever 
seated at one time in the city of ]\Ianchester. 
Upon entering the tent each of the children 
was given a special souvenir of the occasion 
in the shape of an aluminum medal, Ijearing 
the city seal and a 'suitalile inscription. 

Seated upon the ])latforni were Mayor 
Clarke, Superintendent Buck, the school committee, ju-incipals of the various schools, 
and clergymen. The school children had lieen drilled by Musical Director William 
J. ]McGuiness, and the patrotic songs rendered by the three thousand voices were an 
especially pleasing feature of the program. 

After a selection by the First Eegiment Band, Superintendent r)uck called tlic. 
audience to order and introduced the presiding officer. Mayor Clarke, who said: 

My Young Friends:— Wo have today reached one of the most interesting and joyons 
events of Semi-Centennial weel<:, — Children's Day. In many respects it is the most 
notable of all the splendid demonstrations the city has taken part in, for while few of 
us who have thus far assi.sted in the exercises of the week may reasonably expect to be 
here to participate in Manchester's centennial celebration, there are thousands before 
me this morning' who will be here to join efforts in the anniversary occasion that will 
round o>it the full one hundred years of Manchester's incorporation as a city. ]t is a 
source of the greatest satisfaction to the committee of arrangements to find the area 
covered by this massive spread of canvas tilled in every part with the bright youth of 
Manchester, and to see every educational institution, whether public or private, repre- 
sented in this large and happy gathering. This is your day, my children, and I hojie 
that you will enjoy it to the fullest extent and that it will come back to you in sweet 
memory in after years. The remarks of our speakers will be addressed esjiecially to 
you, and will not be of a lengthy character. The musical exercises are to come from 
you, and these we count upon to be the best on the program. 

After an impressive prayer by Eev. Fr. John .T. Lyons, rector of St. Anne's 
church, the children sang "The Star Spangled iianner." Fdwiu F. Jones, city 
solicitor, was then introduced. 

103 



104 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

ADDRKSS OF KDWIN" F. JONES. 

Mr. Chairman and Friends, Old and Yoniig: — A celel)ration like this of Maneliester's, 
in which the cliildren played no part, would be woefully incomplete. For past accom- 
plishments, present conditions, without the prospect of future growth, lose their luster 
and their interest. All the previous exercises of this week's celebration have been 
calculated to recall the achievements and the glories of the past, and to typify the 
strength and greatness of our city's present development. This gathering of the cliil- 
dren, liowever, is like a benediction; it is the crown of all tlie festivities. For in these 
young and active figures, in these happy faces, in these intelligent eyes we may read 
the promise of the better things for .Manchester which are yet to be. The.y give us 
hope and the assurance of a future with wliidi :ill wr arc :iii(l all we have been are not 
to be compared. 

And best of all, it seems to mi', is the fact that tlu'>- arc licre as school children. For 
education, a generous, well-directed education, is the best gift one generation can make 
unto the next. Manchester's schools have ever been, and are now, her pride. Children, 
see to it that you take full advantage of the opportunities for learning which are given 
you. Your parents' fondest wish, your city's dearest liope is that in her schools you 
may grow up to be useful members of society; may learn to become honest and intel- 
ligent citizens of our great republic. 

Kducation is not a mere exerei.se of the memory; it is not simply the learning of a 
number of facts. There is something more than attaining ability to read and spell, to 
write and cipher. It means the fullest development of all our faculties and all our 
powers, physical and mental. Real education teaches us to think and to rea.son for 
ourselves; to exercise that divine quality which animates the human brain, and distin- 
guishes us from the brute creation, and makes man master over nature. 

Education means work, constant and persevering. Its first great lesson is tluit 
industry is essential to success; that nothing on this earth, worth the having, can be 
had without it; that labor, whether of the hands or of the brain, is honorable. It 
recommends the practice of industry to all; it condemns idleness as one of the worst 
of vices. The truly educated man or wonuin is never ashamed of honest toil, is never 
afraid of hard work. 

Education leads us to the knowledge that, in this world, nothing exists without 
some cause; and teaches us to look for the causes of the things we see; and to realize 
that, under similar circumstances, like causes will produce like results. Thus we 
learn from the events of the past to reason as to those to come. This power makes us, 
to a certain extent, masters of the future, and enables us to work today with some assur- 
ance for the morrow. ^ 

Education inculcates honesty. It shows us that trutlifuliicss ami fair dealing will 
win us better results than lies and unjust conduct towards our neighbors. Education 
is of the heart as well as of the mind and htinds. And it is not contincd to the schools. 
It reaches out into the home, and into all the daily walks of life. It is for the old as 
well as young. • Our education is completed only with life itself. 

But the chief aim of the education of the schools is to fit the children for their 
duties as citizens. They should there be taught the nature of the government under 
which they live, its various departments, municipal, stat«, and national, its powers 
and its limitations. They should there learn to realize the inestimable privileges of 
American citizeuship and the sacred duties which those privileges import. We live in 
a land where the people rule, where majority is king. Our proudest boast is the 
freedom of our institutions. But freedom does not mean unrestrained license: it does 
not mean that we may all do just as we please. It means liberty for each man to do and 
to enjoy what he Jjest can do and enjoy for himself without trespassing upon the right 




REV. JOHN J. LYONS. 





WILLIAM J. McGUINESS. 



REV. G. A. GUERTIN. 



lOtj SEMT-CEXTEXXIAL OK MANCHESTER, N. H. 

of his ULif^libui' to the same jji'iviloge. Our laws aim to {jive such lilxTty and to |)U!i- 
ish such trespassing. We seek the greatest good of the greatest numlH-r. Kac-li must 
yield a little for the greater good of all. 

Ours is the fairest, the hai)pii"st, tlio freest land on which the sun shines in his daily 
roLuid. Our jieojile have the best homes, the best food, the best clothing of all the 
jieoples of the world. Our government bears more lightly upon the people than any 
other. For the people make the government themselves, they choose the officials, and 
to them the officials are res])onsible. Vou, my young friends, will soon be voters: you 
will soon be helping to name the officers and to shape the policies of the nation. Labor 
diligently to become good men and women; honest, industrious, and intelligent men 
and women. For only so can you become good citizens and perform properly the 
duties of citizenshij). 

Read and study the history of your country. Learn how our ancestors labored and 
struggled and suffered that we may, today, enjoy the blessings of this free and popular 
government. Learn how our land was settled: how our institutions were formed: by 
what sacrifices they lia\e beeu jireserved for us. Read the story of the .settlement of 
our own \ew England, and note the lesson it imparts. See those devoted men and 
women \\ ho. nearly four hundred years ago, left their homes in Old Kngland: gave u|) 
all they held dear, their friends, their firesides, the graves of their loved ones, and 
crossing a stormy, wintry sea, planted on these then bleak and barren shores their 
altars and, though they knew it not, laid the fotnidations of a new nation. And all for 
what? For the right to worship God after the dictates of their own consciences. So 
they gained religious liberty, and throngh long years of contest with the wild forces of 
nature, with the wilder beasts of the field, and the still wilder human inhabitants of 
the forest, they preserved the freedom of conscience, and handed it down to ns as our 
most valued heritage. Let us guard it sacredly and well, and let ns never deny it to 
others. Let no man be proscribed for religion, sect, or opinion's .sake. 

Again, mark how the colonies resisted a tax in levying which they had no voice. 
The tax was small, l)ut the princii)le was great. They said: "Xo representation, no tax- 
ation. All government rests upon the consent of the governed." The king aiul parlia- 
inent undertook to enforce their decrees with arms. The great declaration of ITTfi 
followed. \Vashington, fjreen, and Stark led brave men on many a bloody field, \intil 
independence was achieved, and a new government, one "of the people, for the peojile, 
and by the people" was born in the family of nations, and in our constitution the prin- 
ciples of the declaration found embodiment and life. But struggles, sacrifices, bloodshed 
were required before <'ivil freedom could be won. Let us use all the powers of good 
citizenship to maintain it. 

And yet again, when treason raised its slimy head and undertook to destroy the 
government it had cost so much to make, mark hfiw the patriotism of the North w.is 
aroused when Lincoln's call for troops was heard. Read the story of those days of 
rebellion, when beneath the shining folds of the Stars and Stripes marched Grant 
and Sherman and Sheridan, and four hundred thousand of the bravest men who ever 
shouldered iiiuslict gave up tlicir lives that the constitution might be preserved, th.it 
the I'nion might be saved, and that personal freedom, which had long been for the 
white race, might he given those with black skins. Let us show the same love of 
country, the same devoted patriotism, if not on fields of strife, then liy performing in 
our varied walks of life the duties of tdtizcnship as honest, law-abiding, self-respecting 
Americans. 

Such are some of the lessons to be learned in the common schools. Children, see 
to it that you ponder them well; study their nu'aning: avoid the errors and imitate the 
virtues of those who have gone before. Thus you will become good citizens, who will 
serve .your country well, and of whom your city will be proud. And when vou shall be 



ADDRESS OF REV. G. A. GUERTIN. 107 

conducting- (as some of you surely will) the celebration of the second one half century 
of Manchester's life as a chartered municipalitj-, you may look back on years of well 
doing- and be able to say with truth that the second was better than the first. For 
happiness, good order, prosperity will surely jirevail so long as g-ood citizenship is 
universal. 

After a selection by the band, the chairman presented Eev. Fr. G. A. Gncrtin, 
assistant pastor of St. Augustine's clinreh. 

ADDRESS OF REV. FR. G. A. GUERTIX. 

Your Honor, Reverend Gentlemen, Young Friends of the Schools: — There was a 
time, years ago, when this city was very small. In those days, all the school children 
grouped together would not have covered more than one tenth of the space you now 
occupy. A few short streets leading to the mills and lined on either side with blocks of 
boarding-houses, the city hall, some stores, a cluster of modest homes on the opposite 
bank of the river, and — behold Manchester in 1S46! A visitor would have walked 
through it all, as jou can readily perceive, in a very limited time. 

But fifty years have now gone by, and let us suppose for a moment this same 
stranger were to revisit once more our city during these days of her Semi-Centennial 
celebration. What a wonderful change between his first and last coming- would he 
not observe! He could now direct his steps through long, spacious, neat, and shadowy 
streets; rest his eyes on green and flowery parks and commons, then gaze at princely 
residences, massive blocks, richly fitted and furnished stores of all kinds, elegant 
church edifices, large, commodious and costly schools that would do honor to, and reflect 
credit upon, any city in these United States; railwaj'S to all points north, south, 
and the sea coast; trolley conveyances to any part of the city, and even outside its 
limits to the beautiful Massabesic; hundreds of electric lights to guide his way in the 
evening, and to give him the illusion that night has been changed into day. All this, 
together with other beauties and achievements too long to enumerate, he would con- 
template with amazement and delight. Fifty years, my dear young friends, fifty years, 
and from a small village Jlanchester has developed into a magnificent city of over fifty 
thousand inhabitants. It has become the metropolis of the state of New Hampshire, 
the queen among her sister cities, and is destined to be the Manchester of America. 

Gladly, therefore, should you, and do j'ou, celebrate this Semi-Centennial, which 
brings home to your minds and hearts in so forcible a manner the great works that 
have been accomplished through the earnest eft'orts, the loyal devotion and self-sacrifice 
of your fathers, under the protecting and helping hand of the Almighty. God, indeed, 
has blessed their work. Your fathers have labored, it is true, yet their labor could have 
been without fruit; they might have planted and watered all in vain, had not God given 
the increase. For you must here recall the words of the Psalmist: "Unless the Lord 
build the house, they labor in vain who build it. Unless the Lord keepeth the city, he 
w-atcheth in vain that keepeth it." 

Xo, there is not, I am sure, one child here present, small though he be, who fails 
to realize and appreciate and enjoy the benefits that have been instored during these 
fifty years, and that are now bestowed upon him by the loving "Giver of all good gifts." 
For heaven, you know, wills that success should tread on the heels of resolute, dilig-out, 
and upright men, and as your fathers lost no opportunity of improving whatever talents 
and resources God placed at their command, therefore has the city grown day by day, 
and reached the high degree of prosperity it now- enjoys. 

But your fathers are men, "and to dust they will return." Each one, sooner or 
later, must take "his chamber in the silent halls of death." And when they depart, to 




FIRST BRICK _ J, 




THE STRAW SCHOOL. 



ADDRESS OF REV. E. W. LOCKIIART. 109 

whom shall they befuieath the inheritance of this city but to yon. their beloved and 
cherished sons? The fate of this city, in the near future, will therefore be intrusted to 
you, and rest with you. .Vow tell nie who will secure the hapiJiness. the well-lx'ing-. the 
progress of the city then? Will it be the idle man'.' Will it lie the thriftless man? 
Will if be the ignorant man? "Why, no!" you answer, "The indvistrious man, the 
provident man, the sober and enlightened man." That you can and will all be. For, 
once more, the worth and strength of this cit\ will not depend solely upon its increase 
in business facilities, nor ujion the large sums of gold and silver that may be stored 
within its banks, but chiefly upon the character of its men. 

Therefore, let every one of you. each in his own home and in his own school, do his 
very best to develop both his intellect and his heart: his intellect to know what is 
required of him, and his heart to love and do whatever heaven shall indicate. Look 
always for what is higher, purer, and nobler than you have yet attained, for the more 
edvicated the men the more polished the city, and the better the men the better the city. 

Finally, my dear young friends, -would you reach the standard which is expected of 
you, be true to your Gcd, to your country, to your city, to yourselves, and let your 
motto ever be: "Aim high; work hard!" 

Tlic children tlieii sang "Hail Columbia." Rev. 15. AV. Lockhart, D. D., pastor 
of the Franklin-street ehurch, was then intrnduccrl. 

ADDRESS OF KKV. B. \V. LOCKIIART. 

If we had visited Athens in her most splendid days, we should have seen noble build- 
ings of a public character, theaters, baths, temples of worship and of victory, but we 
should have seen no public school buildings. When the traveler comes to Manchester 
he will discover that our finest and costliest structures are public schools. Our present 
High school building is a more massive and noble looking structure than any church in 
the city. This means that the modern city makes the education of the children its 
.greatest civic duty. This one fact marks the vast difference between our Christian civil- 
ization and that splendid pagan one of the ancient world. 

The procession that moved through our streets Monday was picturesqiie and striking. 
The military comiianies, the various fraternities and societies in uniform and regalia 
looked very imposing. But a procession of the schools, scholars and teachers, with the 
symbols of art, science, and literature would have been still more deeply affecting and 
significant of the city's higher life. 

And now I would say this one word to you, young friends. The city builds for you 
these beautiful homes of culture, for your growth in intellectual and spiritual manhood, 
for your happiness and usefulness. It does this at exi5ense of much labor, thought, 
and even pain. What can ,vou do in return? You can take pride in the schools of the 
city. You can be zealous for the reputation of the educational institutions to which 
you belong. You can strive to make ilanchester second to no city in Xew England in 
the excellence of the schools. Y'ou can be manful coworkers with your teachers in the 
noblest creative work of the world, and the most arduous. And if you do this the 
schools of Manchester will become so well known that to be able to say, "I was educated 
in her schools" will ])redi.spose men in your favor and open business possibilities to you 
which otherwise would be closed. 

The exercises were closed by the entire audience joining in the singing of 
"America."' Following the program the children were entertained for an hour 
with a magical performance. 




DAVID P. PERKINS. 

FIRST MALE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER 




THE MCDONALD PAROCHIAL SCHOOL. 



PARADE OF FIREMEN AND MERCHANTS. 

WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 9- 



Oil Wednesday, Septi'iiiltcr 9, al 2 o'clock, occurred tlie parade of tlie Mancliester 
Fire Deiiartment and the trades display. Col. Henry B. Fairljanks was chief marshal, 
C'apt. Joim Gannon, Jr., chief of staff, and Frank Preston, 8cott W. Lane, James CI. 
Lake, and Frank X. C'heuette marshals of divisions. Tlie parade was headed hy a 
platoon of police, and the First Regiment Band, Drum Major F. II. Pike. The 
lirst division comprised the entire fire department, in command of Chief Engineer 
Thomas W. Lane, with all the apparatus. Following were carnages containing 
members of the city government, the judges of the parade. Col. F. E. Kalcy of 
Milford, Col. Charles C. Danforth of Concord, and Col. "William H. Stinson of 
Dunbarton, Andrew Bunton. chairman of the parade committee, city officials, and 
guests. The display of trade teams comprised four divisions, many handsome floats, 
exhibits of trades at work, comical features, driving teams and decorated wagons being 
in line. 

The route of procession was the same as on Monday, the judges reviewing the 
parade at Tremont square. The following prize awards were made : 

Best general display, $50, Kimball Carriage Company; second best general 
display, $25, Forsaith ilachine Company and Manchester Beef Company, to be 
equally divided; best mechanical trade at work, $50, N. J. AYhalen; second best trade 
at work, $25, Phoenix market; largest number of horses on one team, $10, Robie Con- 
crete Company; most comical display, $20, "John Rogers's family going AVest," Indus- 
trial School boys; second best comical display, $10, "Billy Bryan's march to WHiite 
House," Joseph French; best two-horse team, driven by lady, $10, Mrs. Thomas 
Crocker; best two-horse team driven by gentleman, $10, B. Frank Welch; best pony, 
$5, Master Leo Cavanaugh; best team matched horses, $5, L. P. Labonte; best 
historical float, $50, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company; second best float, $35, 
Head & Dowst Company. 

xVt the conclusion of the parade. Chief Marshal Fairbanks and Chairman Andrew 
Bunton, of the parade committee, tendered a banquet to the staff officers, marshals, 
aids, police officers, and guests at Battery hall. Colonel Fairbanks presided, and con- 
gratulatory speeches were made by Chief of Police Healy, Deputy Sheriff Cassidy, 
John C. Bickford, Chairman Bunton, Colonel Danforth, Secretary Herliert W. 
Eastman, Frank P. Parshley, C'apt. S. S. Piper, and A. J. Bennett. On motion of 
the latter, three rousing cheers were given for Chief Marshal Fairbanks. The 
police department was heartily commended for the excellent order maintained during 
the celebration. 

Ill 





HERMAN F. RO^t^Sr tRGER. 
PRESIDENT GERMAN COMMITTEE. 



THOMAS A. LA.'.E. 
CHIEF OF FIRE DEPARTMENT. 




THE WESTON, HILL & FITTS AND CILLEY BUILDINGS. 



ATHLETIC SPORTS. 



The series of athletic sports held on Merrimack scpare on Tuesday and Wednes- 
day, under the direction of Alderman Richard J. Barry and Dana M. Evans, 
attracted an immense crowd. The judges were Perry II. Dow, Alexander H. Olzen- 
dam, Ed. H. Chadhourne, Garrett W. Cotter, Charles W. Eager, and T. A. Sullivan; 
clerks, Frank E. Martin, Fred Allen, John Cavanaugh, Lewis W. Crockett, Edward 
C. Smith, Walter S. Noyes. Alderman C. L. Wolf, Herman F. Eodelsperger, Carl 
Foerster, and Martin Hecker liad charge of the sports under auspices of the German 
societies. Mayor Clarke formally opened the program of the day. From 9 to 10 
on Tuesday the German societies and their guests from Lawrence gave interesting 
gymnastic exercises. They then adjourned to the driving park and enjoyed field- 
day sports. 

The officials in charge of the German festivities were: President, Herman F. 
Rodelsperger; vice-president, Reinhardt Hecker; secretary, Henry Lein; assistant 
secretary, Emil Sche&'el; chairman of finance committee, Emil Scheffel; parade, 
R. Hecker; amusement, Robert Werner; decorations, Mrs. Charles Bete; music, 
Theodore Becker; gymnastics, Henry Lein. The organizations represented were 
the Turner Society, Glee Club Mannerchor, Barbarossa Lodge, Workingmen's Relief 
Society, Germania Turner Society, Glee Club Beethoven Mannerchor, Bavarian 
Relief Society, Harugari Club, Glee Club Fortuna, and Ladies' Club of Turner 
Society. 

Tiie other sports took place Tuesday, from 10 a. m. to 4 p. ii., .and included 
boxing, pole vaulting, broad jumping, throwing Ixammer, putting the shot, three- 
legged races, hurdle races, 100-yard and half-mile dashes, fat men's races, greased pigs, 
wheelbarrow and sack races. All winners were presented medals, money, or other 
prizes. A tug-of-war between the Lafayette Guards team of Manchester and the 
Sacred Heart League of Xashua, for a purse of $50, was won by the Lafayettes. 

At 9 A. M., on Wednesday, several aquatic events took place above Amoskeag 
Falls, in charge of Charles W. Eager and Murdock A. Weathers. They included 
swimming matches, greased pole contests, flat-bottom and four-oared boat races. 
Several bicycle races, under various auspices, also took place on Tuesday and 
Wednesday. 

The Manchester Central Labor Union, after participating in the grand parade 
on Monday, Labor Day, held a field-day at the driving park, where a series of sports, 
band concerts, and fireworks took place, under the general direction of Edward E. 
Stockbridge, Robert A. Edwards, and James Damory. 

At Massabesic lake, on the evenings of the celebration, a series of set-piece 
fireworks was displayed. They were entitled: "Welcome to Our City," "Amoskeag 
Falls," "Amoskeag Fire Engine," "Cotton Loom," "Manchester, 1846-1896," "Uncle 
Sam," "Star Spangled Banner," "Washington," "Adieu." 

113 





BEST GENERAL DISPLAY, TRADE PARADE. 



G. A. R. CAMPFIRE. 



The big teut ou the Straw grounds was the scene, on Tuesday evening, of the 
largest Grand Army campfire ever held in Xew Hampshire. It was under the 
auspices of Louis Bell Post N"o. 3 and Capt. Joseph Freschl Post iSTo. 90. Headed by 
the First Pegiment Band, the Posts, 350 strong, marched to the tent, which was filled 
with an enthusiastic audience. Commander Andrew J. Bennett of Louis Bell Post 
welcomed the veterans and their friends, and presented Col. John J. Dillon as pres- 
ident of the evening. 

David L. Perkins, Esq., who was located in Washington during the civil war, 
read a valuable and interesting address entitled, '"Out of Darkness into Light; a 
Birds'-eye View of the Civil War." 

ADDRESS OF DAVID L. PERKINS, ESQ. 

Veterans of the Grand Army: — The rising generation has no adequate impression of 
the gloom that shi-ouded the country April 12, 1861, when the rebellious attack was made 
on Fort Sumter, or of the grievous burdens of war that afflicted us for more than four 
long years. After Fort Sumter, and on the anniversary of the battle of Lexington, a 
Baltimore mob made a vicious attaciv upon the Sixth Massachusetts infantry, then on 
its way to the relief of Washington. Very few of us then realized that slavery and 
freedom could not abide peacefully together iu a free republic, and that of the two 
slavery must die. It seems strange now that this axiomatic, self-evident truth could 
ever have been in doubt, and stranger still that a brave and chivalrous people could 
have taken the institution of human slavery as their shibboleth in a death grapple with 
the Republic of the Ages, of which they were an important part. Yet such is history. 

In the height of the war, in the summer of 1S62, President Lincoln, in an open letter 
to Hoi-ace Greeley, made use of the now startling statement that his "paramount object 
.... was to save the Union, and was not either to save or to destroy slavery." Indeed, 
it is probable that slavery could have been saved to plague mankind indefinitely if the 
Confederates had consented to lay down their arms and resume their places in the 
Federal Union. But that was not the way of Providence, and in the light of subsequent 
events fatuity could have gone no farther. The first overt act of rebellion was received 
at the North in sullen silence. There was a feeling of astonishmnt, of suppressed 
indignation. There was an hour of patient waiting. We were slower than the South. 
The northern spirit did not flare out instantly upon the surrounding darkness, but when 
the flame was once ignited it burned with wonderful vigor. By these auguries the^ 
South misjudged us. The slaveholders were aggressive. They claimed protection for' 
their peculiar institution, and they were prepared to fight for it. but the Xorth liad made 
no preparation to fight for liberty. They were defiant and cultivated a martial spirit. 
They threatened when they should have remembered that the soldiers of Xew England 
and of South Carolina fought side by side with equal valor on the plains of Mexico. 
We could liardly believe that the impetuous southern leaders were serious in their. 

11.5 





COL. JOhh J. DILLON. 
CHAIRMAN. 



ANDREW >j. l.c^;m,\ETT. 
COMMANDER LOUIS BELL POST. G. A, R. 




ELM AND HANOVER STREETS. 



ADDRESS OF DAVID L. PERKINS, ESQ. 117 

tlireiit to tear clown over our heads the pilhirs of our temple of liberty — to perpetuate 
slaverj'. But when the time came and the tocsin of war was sounded in defense of the 
Union, then the fires of patriotism burned brightly and even fiercely. 

In these piping- times of peace it is hard to realize the torrent of enil)ittcred feeling- 
that swept like an aveng-in"- flame through every hamlet of the slaveless Xorth. A 
potential spirit had been aroused and it ci-ystallized around the supreme thought of 
saving- the Kepuljlic. Everywhere it was the same. From every walk, profession, and 
condition the sturdy yeomen of the Xorth swarmed down upon the rebellious South 
like the northern hordes of old. until a million men were under arms. The highways 
and byw-ays resounded with the tramp of armed battalions, and every available ren- 
dezvous was given up to the studj' of tactics and the practice of soldiery. There were 
thousands of commonplace yonng men who never felicitated themselves on being made of 
heroic .stuff beyond the average of their kind, who yet felt the divine impulse born of 
patriotism, of which most of us are capable. I judge this to be the true inwardness of 
at least a part of the world's cherished heroes, who have acted bravely and truly out of 
patriotic impulse, and because they had the opportunity, more than out of deliberate 
purpose. And the.se are indeed our heroes, because their impulses were born of liberty. 
There was a saying in the far Xorth that a regiment of old women could march 
through the South, and thousands of young men, the flower of the land, came hence as 
to a festival. And in the far South they boasted that one of their valorous knights 
could vanquish a half dozen sluggish Xorth-men. Both sections were destined to a rude 
awakening. Hardlj- had the northern army of raw recruits begun to assume the form 
and semblance of an armed force when the more influential of the northern press began 
to clamor for an onward movement. The iinholj- rebellion was to be speedily 
crushed with one great decisive battle. The specious cr\- was everywhere repeated of 
"On to Richmondl" Ah! ho\\- little did they know the hydra they were contending- with. 
It was not one battle liut ten times ten, covering a period of years, and the embattlement 
of near four million men, with rivers of blood, and the expenditure of billions of 
treasure, before the sun of peace would again shine undimmed through the dense 
clouds of a fratricidal war. It may be that the failure of General Patterson in Western 
Virginia to prevent reinforcements from reaching Beauregard at the critical moment 
■was a blessing in disguise. But the recoil from the first Bull Kun was terrible, and 
then onr people began to realize something of the magnitude of the struggle, and the 
early estimate of a ninety days' war with seventy-five thousand volunteers was wholly 
abandoned. The first Bull Run was the barbed arrow of Pi'ovidence that was to 
destroy the peculiar institution of the South. It gave confidence to the slaveholders, 
and insi^ired the Northmen with a resolution not V)orii of compromise. Let us examine 
some of the incidents of this greatest if not grandest struggle in all history. 

As a sequel to the failure of the Peninsula campaign before Richmond under 
McClellan came the second Bull l!un. The excitement in Washington, and all over the 
loyal Xorth as well, was different in its kind from that which followed the defeat and 
retreat of our army July 21, 1861, for by this time we had accustomed ourselves, some- 
■what, to the vicissitudes and stern discijiline of war. This time there was no inrushing 
of demoralized men by scores and by thousands, frenzied with fear and bent only upon 
gaining a temi)orary refuge, for a yeai-'s experience of army life had changed all that. 
The rebel .sympathizers, with an increase of hauteur, were prudently jubilant as they 
meandered up Pennsylvania avenue, and yet careful not to give flagrant oft'ense, for the 
Unionists were sensitive at the way in which Bull Run history had repeated itself. 
This defeat, like the other, only served to stimuhite the goverument and people alike 
to a more determined effort. The smoke of battle had hardly cleared away when It 
became evident that General Lee was about to cross the Potomac into Maryland, so as 
to menace either Balfmore or I'liiladelj hia, or both. To successfully meet this onslaught. 



118 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

re(|iiiri'(l soinethiiifr more than the prowess of a discTetlitod g-eneral at the head of a 
defeated army, and General I'ope Iiad been ing-lorioiisly defeated only a few hours before. 
Whatever else may be said of General Mctlellan, he was undoubtedly an otlieer of merit ; a 
good defensive fighter; and as an organizer of armed forces his equal was then nnl<nown 
to our rulers. He had been relieved of his command, but having the confidenee of the 
army his services in this crisis were urgently demanded, and on the second day of 
Se])tember he was reinvested with the authority of command. .Mmost on the retreat 
he began the great task of rehabilitating the defeated army. Marching through Wash- 
ington he had his legions so well in hand that they were ready under "Little Mac" to 
stand at the word of command and again try titles with a thrice victorious foe. This 
indeed W'as a worthy achievement, and it bore fruit at South Miiunliiin and Aiitietani, 
where he attacked and defeated the enemy. 

No one who witnessed that march under the impressive, not to say depressing, circum- 
stances of the case can ever forget the confident air, the enthusiasm, the corps d'esprit 
of rank and tile that characterized the movement, nor the loud huzzas that trembled on 
the air as the bronzed heroes went forth to confront the foe on another field. And 
there were some who were disposed to speetilate as to what the harvest would have been 
if McClellan had commanded that army at the second Bull Kun instead of Pope. But 
this change of base was vastly beneficial to the I'nion cause, for it not only restored 
confidence to the army but it aroused the Xorth to the dangers of invasion and possible 
capture of Washington, and needed troops were rapidly recruited. In this single aspect 
of the case it has been said that Lee's course in crossing the Potomac was a monumental 
blunder, and yet he repeated it at Gettysburg. It was indeed a brief and inglorio\is 
campaign for General Lee, and whether it ought not to have been rendered still more 
so was the one burning issue that long vexed the ))artisans of McClellan. At all events 
he lost his command. Herein consisted the vast difFercnce Iietween the Union and Con- 
federate armies o])erating in Virginia, that while the Confederates were at home, and 
stimulated by an almost unlimited confidence in Stonewall .lackson and General Lee, 
the Union forces had at best but a limited resi)ect for McDowell and Pope. General 
Scott was superannuated, and Burnside and Hooker, gallant and invaluable corps com- 
manders, were greatly outclassed as commanding generals. McClellan was at logger- 
heads with the civil authorities, and whether political feeling and jealousy were factors 
at all ill this uiifortunate state of affairs impartial history will alone be able to determine. 
But we can hardly estimate the damage to the Union cause that resulted from this 
friction, nor need we marvel, under these untoward circumstances, that the Confed- 
erates, fighting at home, with fewer men and ])Oorer equipments, were .so uniformly 
successful in the great Virginia campaigns until General Grant and exhau-stion finally 
drove them to the inevitable surrender at Appomattox. Nor need we speculate over 
these unfortunate condition.s, for history is full of cruel examples that serve not as 
guides or even as warnings. 

It was a common saj ing among ofti<-ers of merit that their successes in the field 
were In proportion to their distance and i.solation from the intrigues of Washington, 
for there was no supreme genius of command. General Sherman rarely came to 
Washington if he could avoid it, and he won imperishable fame in his ever memorable 
march from Atlanta to the sea with the wires and bridges cut behind him. Considering 
the vast interests involved, the intelligent make-up of the rank and file, and the tremen- 
dous resources at hand, was there ever so unfortunate an army as the Union 
Army of the Potomac? And no better army ever faced a foe. We had fed upon the 
ghastly details ol tin- I'cuinsula campaign, with its seven days of fierce warfare at the 
gates of l{ichnu)ncl, tlic infinite peril of the retreat through swamps and flood, the closing 
slaughter at Malvern Hill, the change of base, and the long agony of recuperation. 
Then came the second Hull liun, Chantillv, and .\ntietani. Now Burnside succeeds 




GEN. RICHARD N. BATCHELDER. 
QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL, U. S. ARMY. RETIRED JULY 27, 1696. 



120 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

McClellan, and Doconiber 13, 1S02, t-anie the battle at Fredericksburg-, where fourteen 
thousand brave men were saerificrd. It was said that it was never possibU' for him to 
win that fig-ht in the oi)en, and lliat lie was fortunate in being able to g^et his army 
back throug-li the mud to the old camping ground at Falmouth, almost hopelessly demor- 
alized, where Hooker spent wearj- months in reorg-anizing- what was left of it. After 
that, May 2-4, 1863, came the holocaust at Chaneellorsville, where seventeen thousand, 
the bravest of the brave, went down before the legions of L,ee and Jackson. 

There is said to have been a time in the Sunday fighting at Chaneellorsville when 
the Confederates were completely exhausted, and that Hooker had the victory in the 
hollow of his hand. It is true that Hooker was wounded, but there should have been 
others to watch the gauge of battle when the life of a nation was trembling in the 
balance. A vigorous onslaught by one or two of the three idle corps held in reserve 
and the victory had been won. After that the Confederates rested complacently on the 
heights of Fredericksburg-. Alas! the campaign from Antietam to Gettysburg was an 
almost uninterrupted series of blunders and costlj' defeats. Happily General Burn.'<ide 
w-as speedily relieved and Hooker was retired at his own request. And it should be 
said here that both of these meritorious officers assumed the command against their 
inclinations. Surely our government and people were sorely disciplined, for the star 
of victory was but slowly developed from among the vitals of a bitter experience. Yet 
there w-as a silver lining to the cloud o'er land and sea. There was a light on the Hill 
of Zion that gave promise of relief. General Grant, February G, 18G2, had captured 
Fort Henry, and February 10, Fort Donelson, with fifteen thousand prisoners and 
eighteen thousand stand of arms. .And then, April 6-7, the terrific battle of Shiloh 
was fought, and though the fates were at first against us we held the field with tre- 
mendous slaughter. Then there was the capture of Xew Orleans by the army and 
navy, under Butler and Farragut, and the far-reaching victory of the little '"Monitor" 
over the iron-chid ••Mcrrimae"' in Hamjiton roads. These broke the monotony of defeat 
and relieved the Atlantic cities of a terrible nightmare. They lifted the dark veil of 
1SG2, and bj' the end of this year one million three hundred thousand volunteers had lieeu 
called for, and our navy included si.v hundred vessels, such as they were. 

It seemed to me that these events were more real to us in Washington than to our 
fellow citizens in remoter places. We saw the bronzed battalions and the long ambu- 
lance trains with their ghastly loads of maimed and dying heroes. We visited the 
hospitals, and were in dally contact with the repulsive features of black-visaged war. 
They were ever present factors in our daily lives. We listened to the tales of battle 
from tho.=e who were fresh from the carnage. We had actual eye to eye contact with 
men who had endured the long ennui of the camp, the fatigue, the picket, the trench, 
the long march, the assault, the bivouac, the reveille, the cold and the heat, and all 
that. But why epitomize this tangle of horrors except that it brings us into the 
open, into the glad sunshine of a better day. 

Again the Army of the Potomac, now under the command of Gen. George B. Meade, 
is in rapid motion northward to confront Lee on the soil of Pennsylvania, and there was 
a sentiment among us, feverish though it might be, that as the arena was shifted, so 
the Virginia blight was lifted. .\nd .so it was, for on the morning of July 4, after a 
three days' battle such as this continent had never seen, there came the glad tidings of 
victory, and yet the Confederates got away again with a loss of thirty thousand men 
to our loss of twenty-three thousand. And on that same ever glorious day Vicksburg 
on the Mississippi surrendered to General Grant with thirty-one thousand six hundred 
prisoners, one hundred .seventy-two cannon, sixty thousand niu.skets. and vast stores of 
ammunition. This great event was followed five days later by the fall of Port Hudson 
with si.x thousand prisoners, and henceforth the Father of Waters flowed unvexed to 
the sea. Our hearts were filled with rejoicing, and confidence was restored where there 



ADDRESS OF DAVID L. PERKINS, ESQ. 121 

Lad been despondency, if not despair. Military experts tell us that this great battle 
of Gettysburg was the turning point of the war, and though some of the fiercest battles 
of modern times were afterwards fought, yet from this time the slaveholders' rebellion 
was on the wane. 

Then came the terrible fighting at Chickamauga, the romance of battle in the 
clouds on Lookout mountain, where Hooker led in the great Chattanooga campaign, 
and the deadly peril of Burnside at Knoxville, relieved by Sherman. General Grant 
was made lieutenant-general March n. 1864, was assigned to the command of all the 
armies ilarch 12, and established his headquarters ^vith the Army of the Potomac at 
Culpepper, Va., ilareh 2U, and between Washington and liichmond he found the relative 
positions of the contending armies practically the same as at the beginning of the war.' 
It will thus be seen that General Grant did not come to the relief in Virginia until over 
eight months after Gettysburg. Yet the work that remained to be done was the 
work of a military giant, and as such he grandly filled the bill. 

The time had now come when, if ever, the great rebellion must be literally stamped 
out of existence. The drain of blood and treasure had been frightful, and was daily 
augmenting, and there was an evil and ever-growing- disposition abroad to recognize 
the independence of the Confederacy. General Grant at once proceeded to formulate 
plans covering vast operations over a wide area. There was to be a concerted forward 
movement east and west, aided by the navy when practicable, converging to a common 
center, and that center was Richmond, the capital of the Confederacj-. In pursuance 
of this plan General Sherman, May 7, with ninety thousand men, started from Chatta- 
nooga, his objective point being Atlanta, Ga., and he defeated the great Confederate 
general Joseph E. Johnston in a series of battles at Daltou, AUatoona Pass, New Hope 
Church, Kenesaw Jlountain, Jonesboro, and others hardly less famous, and bj' July 17 
he was read}- to begin the direct attack on .Vtlanta, which jilace he entered September 2 
by outflanking the enemy with severe fighting. July 17 General Hood superseded 
Johnston, and with a large Confederate force he attempted to cut our lines of communi- 
cation with Chattanooga and regain possession of Tennessee. Sherman turned back 
long enough to administer a severe defeat to Hood at .Vllatoona Pass, drove him westward 
into Alabama, left two corps of his army to reinforce General Thomas at Nashville, and 
turned Hood over to the tender mercies of the latter officer. He then returned to 
Atlanta, and November 14, with sixty thousand men, cut loose from his base of supplies, 
destroyed railroads, bridges, and telegraph wires, and plunged into the heart of the 
enemy's countrj- in a grand, wild march for the sea, subsistiiig on the enem}', and the 
swath he cut was forty miles wide. We next hear of him December 14, before 
Savannah, and the Confederacy was again cut in half. In these long weeks it was 
a common saying, "We know the hole he went in at, but where will he come out?" 

It is now well established that our military experts in Washington were opposed to 
this apparently' hazardous movement, and only General Grant seems to have been a con- 
senting party. But Sherman's march from Atlanta to the sea made him not only a 
continental star, but gave him a world-wide celebritj'. In this same month, December 
14-16, General Thomas inflicted a crushing defeat upon Hood at Nashville, Tenn., and the 
ground covered by Sherman was thus made doubly secure. After a month at Savannah, 
Sherman resumed his march of four hundred miles along the seaeoast, his objective 
point being Goldsboro, N. C. He fought two battles in which he defeated his old antag- 
onist, General Johnston, who had been reinstated after the annihilation of Hood's army 
by General Thomas. General Grant was personally present with the .\rmj- of the 
Potomac, nominally under the command of General Meade, the hero of Gettysburg. On 
the night of May 4, Grant crossed the Eajjidan and plunged into the Wilderness with 
one hundred twenty-five thousand men. In thirty days he had lost forty thousand men 
in killed, wounded, and missing. The Confederates fought desperately from behind 



122 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. II. 

their eartlnvoiks, and no lon^t-r fame out voluntarily into the open. The battle ot 
Spottsylvania Court House, May 12, is saitl to have been one of the bloodiest battles 
ever fought in all time, and that was only one of the fierce and bloody battles from the 
Wilderness to I'etersburir. for the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Hanover Court House, 
Cold HarI)or, Mechanicsville, and the Chickahoniiny are forever memorable in the annals 
of war. .\t the indecisive battle of Cold Harbor, .June li. eight thousand of our men 
were slain in less than twenty minutes. After this deadly grapple Grant swung his 
army to the south side of the .lames river, and laid siege to Petersburg, the key to 
Eichmond, Lee defending. 

Sherman fought and Hanked his gieut adversary from Chattanooga to Atlanta, but 
Johnston alwa3's appeared in his front at the decisive hour. Grant fought and flanked 
Lee from the dreary Wilderness to the close, but Lee never failed to discern the trend of 
his strategy. However rapid and skillful our movements and combinations might be, 
the Confederate army was sure to be encountered at -the critical moment when success 
seemed assured. It was the play of giants and a carnival of death. General Sheridan 
came east with Grant, and it was not long before he commanded the finest army of 
cavalrymen in the world. It is said of him that he was never beaten in the field, and 
twice and thrice he snatched victory from the very jaws of defeat. He chased CJeneral 
Early up and down the Virginia valleys, and his brilliant victorj' at Winchester, Va., 
October 9, won with a retreating and defeated army, which he is said to have met on 
horseback, will live in song and story while hi.story lasts. He covered the rear and 
flanks of our army. He made brilliant and successful raids into the enemy's country, 
in which he destroyed their stores and siiljstance and cut their lines of communi<'ation. 
He made a bold and well-nigh successful dash at Uichmond. and safely rejoined the army. 
He devastatetl the Shenandoah valley and other fertile sections of Virginia so that no 
rebel armies could subsist there, and it nuiy be said of him that he was Grant's right 
arm in the closing scenes of the war. 

Early in July the enemy sought to create a diversion, and release Grant's hold on 
Petersburg by sending General Early with ten thousand men to menace Washington. 
This Confederate force finally settled down at Silver Springs, a near suburb, on the fine 
estate of Montgomery Blair. Communication with the Xorth was at once suspended 
and Washington was invested. Rebel sympathizers inside the city were numerous, 
and they were in constant communication with the enemy. >'o rumor of assault and 
capture of the outer works, however absurd, was deemed unworthy of attention. The 
defenses were largely manned by the Invalid corps, but their strength was hardly suffi- 
cient to hold the city against a vigorous and well-directed assault in the absence of 
reinforcements, and in this emergency companies and regiments were formed among 
the government clerks for the common defense. The weather was intensely hot, and 
the company to which I belonged took its first lesson in the manual of arms under the 
shade trees of Judiciary square. July 11, I think it was, we were on duty out Seventh 
street, near Fort Stevens, from which the Confederate lines were plainlj- visible, and 
they were carefully insi)ected by President Lincoln. Presently the grand old Sixth 
corps of our army, under General Wright, came tramping by. A quick passage up the 
Potomac liad been made, and marching straight out to the front those hardy veterans, 
deployed in line of battle, advanced upon the enemy, and the siege was raised, for Early 
was quick to recognize the character of the men who now confronted him. The casu- 
alties were not large, though a considerable number were killed, but the relief to a 
beleaguered city was something to remember by those who were there. 

It has been related to me by a regular army officer, in high authority, that the 
Confederate officers found a choice and abundant stock of liquors in Mr. Blair's cellar, 
and to this fact was due their delay in nuiking the attack before reinforcements came. 
Thus ended p^arly's raid on Washington. 'I'liere was an element of real danger in the 




LINCOLN. 
STATUE PRESENTED BY JOHN ROGERS TO THE MANCHESTER PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



124 SEMI-CEKTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. II. 

situation, obscui-fd to somo pxtent li.v iiiilitiiry operations of "freater niag-nitiule. It 
was confidently expected that Karly's coniinand would be destroyed, but in the conflict 
of oi-ders issued from the war department to the several Union commanders here and 
there Karlj^ was lost sight of for several days, during which, July 30, he sacked aiid 
burned the defenseless town of Chambersburg- in Pennsylvania, and gathered a consid- 
erable store of provisions in western Maryland. The situation became so complicated 
that General Grant secretly left the front and hastened to the >ronocacy to ascertain 
from General Hunter the whereabouts of the enemy, and with his marvelous military 
instinct he .soon located his game. At his earnest request, backed Ijy the pre.-;ident, 
Sheridan was placed in command of all the forces for the defense of Washington, and 
from that hour a new order of things obtained. Early went whirling up the valley. 
But he had thrown the war department into a temporary panic of which it was said 
that Washington had been more in danger of being sacrificed by her friends than bj- the 
assaults of her enemies. And here I am tempted to read a dispatch from President 
Lincoln to General Grant. It was as follows: 

Washington, D. C, August 3, 1SG4. 

Lieutenant-Gcneral Grant, City Point, Va.: — I have seen your dispatch in which you 
say "I want Sheridan put in conin'iaud of all the troops in the field, with instructions to 
put himself south of the enemy, and follow him to the death. Wherever tlie enemy 
goes let our troops go also." 

This I think is exactly right as to how our forces should move; but please look over 
the dispatches you may have received from liere. ever since you made that order, and 
discover, if you can, that there is any idea in tlie head of any one liere of "putting our 
army south of the enemy."' or "following him to the death" in any direction. I repeat 
to yon, it will neither be done nor attempted, unless you watch It every day and hour, 
and force it. 

A. LTXCOLX. 

It was thought in the war lUiiaii nieut that Sheridan was too young. President 
Lincoln was the marvel of the war. He seems to have been raised up by Providence for 
the great emergency, not from affluence, but from a lowly state. He was charitable, 
gentle hearted, and .I'ust. lie was earnest and honest, and ever ready to bestow praise 
where praise was due. He bided his time and his judgments were almost intuitive. 
With an unslfish devotion and a rare singleness of purpose he consecrated himself to 
the cause of humanity, and his fame will endure forever. 

The practical situation at the close of the campaign of 1SG4 was that Grant had the 
Confederacy by the throat, with Sherman in a position to intercept the enemy should 
he break away. Some time after the re-election of Mr. Lincoln active operations were 
suspended for the winter, \\itli the enemy holding Petersburg, and our army drawn 
up close to his lines watching every movement lest Lee escape. ^Meanwhile Sherman 
continued his inarch from Savannah to Goldsboro. taking Columbia, the capital of South 
Carolina, in his route, and comiielling the evacuation of Charleston and other coast cities 
of the Confederacy, and finally went into bivouac at Goldsboro. March 21, 1805. It now 
only remained to clo.se in upon Lee, for it can hardly be .said that General .Tohnston was 
even a serious menace to .Sherman, who experienced no difficulty in holding him as in a 
vise. Sheridan was preparing to cut the railroads and canals by which the Confed- 
erates were alone supplied, for bj- this time the coast cities and blockade running ports 
were in our possession as the result of a series of splendid naval operations achieved in 
eo-operation with our land forces. The last resource of the rebellion was now verging 
to a point of collapse. Already the Confederate ])eace commissioners were within our 
lines near I'etcrsburg, negotiating for an armistice, but the abolition of slavery had now 
become an ultimatum. 'Jhe southern jieople had at last seen the writing on the wall. 
The great fear was that Lee would escape from Petersburg, form a junction with .lohn- 
ston, and fall upon Sherman with their united forces. To prevent this Sheridan was 
sent out to act the lion's part in Lee's path. Sliernuin was ready for anything. 



ADDRESS OF DAVID L. PERKINS, ESQ. 125 

General Grant's closing campaign openetl late in March. Sheridan fought a .severe 
cavalry battle at Dinwiddie Court House, another near Hatcher's Run, and April first he 
fought a decisive battle at Five Forks, capturing six thousand prisoners. The south side 
railroad was broken, and April 2 the Union forces under Grant and Jleade assavilted 
and carried the outer works of Petersburg, capturing twelve thousand prisoners- 
This rendered the further occupation of Kichmond untenable, and Lee evacuated Peters- 
burg. JefE Davis received this intelligence while attending' chui'cli in Richmond, and 
with his trusted followers he fled from the Confederate cajjital with such stores and 
archives as he was able to take along. The city was fired by the retiring Confederates, 
and on the third day of April, at a quarter past eight o'clock in the morning, our forces- 
entered the citadel of the rebellion, and at once proceeded to quench the vandal flames. 
Lee retreated in a southwesterly course for Danville, where he had calculated upon secur- 
ing provisions and such transportation as would result in a junction with Johnston in 
North Carolina; but Sheridan had preceded him. At Sailor's Creek, April 0, he attacked 
Lee, capturing seven thousand prisoners, and there were other engagements at Detonville 
and Farmville. Finally, Ajiril 9, surrounded, nearly starved, and unable to proceed,^ 
Lee surrendered what remained of his army at Appomattox Coui't House, a small hamlet 
about thirty miles southwest of Richmond. This event was followed April 26 by the 
surrender of Johnston and his army to Genei-al Sherman. Lee surrendered about 
thirty thousand men and twenty thousand more straggled in afterwards to avail them- 
selves of General Grant's generoiis terms, and they were also paroled. Our loss in 
killed, wounded, and missing, beginning with the Wilderness and including General 
Butler's Army of the James, was eighty thousand men, and it is estimated that Grant 
captured in battle seventy thousand of the enemy. Thus ended the war of 1861, and 
it would tax the pen of a St. Paul to fitly characterize the scenes, the feelings, the rejoic 
ings of a mighty people. As to the results, perhaps I can do no better than to quote 
the language of the historian: 

"It had cost hundreds of thousands of lives, and thousands of millions of dollars; it 
had settled the question of slavery and of the stability of the Union; and take it for 
all in all, it must be pronounced the most stupendous conflict in all history." 

For some time before the end it had become a serious question with the more 
thoughtful and philosophical as to what would follow the last convulsion of organized 
resistance to federal authority. Man}' were fearful that a guerilla warfare would suc- 
ceed, extending over a period of years, in the unspeakable agony of which our institu- 
tions would sufl:'er a permanent blight, if not a total eclipse. And yet the boldness, the 
skill, the dauntless courage of our erring brothers on the other side, isolated, torn, and 
bleeding at every pore, challenged our admiration if not our sympathy, for we are 
bound together by the traditions of histor\' and by a common lineage. And after such 
a war, that such a people, numbering twelve million souls, inhabiting a garden spot of 
eight hundred thousand square miles, could again be brought into harmony and fraternal 
fellowship with their victors, and become their generous rivals in a race of unex- 
ampled prosperity, under one flag and one government, is a tribute to the race that 
finds no parallel in history. 

The true relation of the great American war of 1S61 to the cause of human liberty 
can hardly be estimated for years to come. We are yet too near for correct analysis. 
It was a crisis, an epoch in the affairs of men, and its real significance will become more 
and more apparent from generation to generation. If plutocracy and democracy can 
harmonize their aims and interests the republic should endure for centuries. Out of 
the barbarism of mediaeval times our fathers laid the foundation of the grandest .super- 
structure of human government in the world's history, and cemented it with the best 
philosophy of the ages. It has dazzled mankind. It has been a boon, a joy, an inspira- 
tion, a beacon, a perennial hope among the lowly of the earth, and a demonstration of the 



126 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

brotherhood of man and the fatherhood of God. Our political constitution has been 
heraldfd as something' more than human and somthing' less than divine. But it con- 
cealed a fatal defect that human philosophy should have detected, and that divine 
authority could not tolerate, for it sought to confer a joint heirship upon the institutions 
of human slavery and civil liberty. 

Manchester, who.se Semi-Centennial life as a city we now celebrate, honored herself 
by sending two thousand eight hundred twenty-eight men to serve in the army and 
navy in defense of the Stars and Stripes. There were privates and subalterns. There 
were colonels and Ijrigadiers, and sailors too. There was one among them who went 
forth in the humble cai)acity of a regimental cpiartermaster. To his untiring vigilance 
the boys in blue were indebted for their coffee and hardtack after manj- a hard-fought 
battle. His charge may have been forty miles long in the enemy's country, but the vast 
stores of an army in the field were safely delivered at the front when needed. Who can 
estimate his service in the dark hours of the Wilderness. I refer, of course, to our fellow 
citizen Kichard N. Hatchelder, (|uartermaster of the .\rniy of the Potomac, and late 
quartermaster general of the United States .\rmy. We welcome his return. 

Veterans of the (irand Army: — It was your high privilege to take part in this great 
struggle, and your service is a legacy to your country forever. It is therefore befitting 
that we of Manchester should recapitulate, on occasions like this, the events to which 
all America is indebted for the blessings of a reunited country, and the benign institu- 
tions of civil and religious liberty. Without these there would be little left worth 
celebrating. 

Other jiatriolie addresses were iiiade Ijv lion. :\[artin A. Hayiies of Lakeport, 
George S. Fox of Xew Bedford, Mass., Hon. Jolm G. Crawford, Kcv. T. Eaton Clapp, 
and Jlvv. W. II. Morrison. 



CAVALRY DRILLS. 



An important feature of the program for the Semi-Centennial week was the 
exhibition drills given by F Troop, Third United States Cavalry, Capt. George A. 
Dodd. Lieuts. D. S. Tate and J. S. Ryan. Through the intervention of Gen. R. N. 
Batchelder and the congressional delegation, this distinguished troop was ordered to 
march from its headquarters at Fort Ftlian Allen, Burlington, Vt., to Manchester, 
to take part in the celebration. Captain Dodd and his command, consisting of 
fifty-one men, left Burlington on August 28, and arrived in Manchester on Sunday, 
September 6, at noon. The troop was met at Goffstown on Saturday by General 
Batchelder and Lieut. Col. Harry B. Cilley of the First Regiment, X. H. X. G. On 
Sunday morning the troop was met on the road by Lieutenant-Colonel Cilley and 
Quartermaster-Sergeant Charles B. Bodwell, and escorted to city hall, where 
Mayor Clarke officially welcomed the cavalry to the city. The troop went into 
camp on Maple street, near Yarick park. The regulars gave exhibition drills 
each afternoon during the week, to the great delight of crowds varying from 
five thousand to fifteen thousand people. The drills comprised the most daring 
feats of rough riding, hurdle jumping, fencing, sabre exercises, ^^Testling, exercises 
with carbines and revolvers, etc., the various evolutions eliciting the highest 
enthusiasm. 

The officers and members of the troop were the recipients of numerous social 
courtesies from military gentlemen of the city, and citizens, and on Thursday a 
banquet was tendered the corps at the Manchester House by prominent citizens. 
L'pon this occasion Mayor Clarke took occasion to express to the troop the deep 
gratitude of the city of Manchester for the excellent entertainment which they had 
furnished the citizens and their guests during the celebration of the Semi-Centennial 
anniversary. They had provided an entertainment in their exhibition drills which 
had proved one of the superb features of the week, and the city felt deeply indebted to 
them for their services, which contributed so greatly to the success of the week. 

Congressman Sulloway also expressed the appreciation of the citizens for tlie 
entertainment given by the cavalry. 

The troop left town Saturday, after a dress parade at city hall and a cduiiili- 
mentary hitch-up by the fire department, and farewells by the mayor and military 
officers, returning by road to Fort Ethan Allen. 

1-27 




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INDUSTRIAL AND HISTORICAL 

EXHIBITION IN THE KENNARD. 



One of the first and most valuable suggestions offered for a feature of the Semi- 
centennial was that an exhibition be held in some suitable place which should show 
the marveloiis progress made in fifty years, not only in the arts and sciences, but in 
the practical aifairs of life, such as cooking xitensils, methods of dress, firearms, etc. 
In a locality so rich in historical relics as Manchester, it was thought that an inter- 
esting exhibition might be arranged which would be creditable to its promoters and 
instructive to visitors. Mayor Clarke gave the chairmanship of the committee which 
should have this important feature in charge to Mr. Edward J. Burnham. How 
well the committee succeeded in its efforts is evidenced by the fact that the exliibition, 
which was held in the large store in the Kennard, was crowded continually during 
the three days of the celebration, and, at the request of many citizens, it was kept 
open one day extra in order that Manchester people might inspect it after the rush 
of visitors had subsided. 

The Semi-Centennial exhibition committee held its first meeting on June 17 — 
an historic date, — there being present Chairman E. J. Burnliam, David Perkins, 
Albert J. Peaslee, Joseph B. Sawyer, Henry W. Herrick, John N. Bruce, Samuel B. 
Hope, John M. Stanton, Albert D. Scovell, Joseph L. Stevens, George I. Hopkins, 
Arthur L. AValker, William G. Garmon, Albert L. Clough, George N. Burpee, and 
Charles H. Smart. Albert L. Clough was elected secretary of the committee, and 
Chairman Burnham outlined the general plans of the proposed exhibit. 

The committee held weekly meetings until the details were completed and the 
exhibition was ready to open on the morning of September 7. On June 30 the 
exhibition committee extended invitations to the Manchester Historic Association, 
the Manchester Art Association, and the Manchester Electric Club to co-operate 
with the committee, which invitations were at once accepted. July 7 the chairman 
announced the sub-committees, and the active work of organization of the exhibition 
began. Those who served upon the sub-committees were: 

On Hall.— William G. Garmon, Frederick G. Stark, John Gillis. 

On Transportation of Exhibits. — Samuel B. Hope, Thomas L. Quimby, Charles 
H. Smart, Joseph B. Sawyer. 

On Arrangement and Care of Exhibits. — Andrew J. Bennett, M. J. Healy, 
Miss Betsey B. Shepherd, Mrs. Joseph W. Fellows, Mrs. E. W. Brigham, Mrs. Charles 
B. Bradley, Miss Isabella G. Mack. 

To Confer and Co-operate with Historic Association. — David Perkins, S. C. 
Gould, George F. Willey. 

129 





OLD HANOVER-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHuRGH. 
ERECTED 1839. TORN DOWN 1880. 



/ ::^^ciP^ 




THE KENNARD. 



INDUSTRIAL AXD HISTORICAL. 131 

To Confer and Co-operate with Art Association. — IT. W. Herrick, Ljnnan W. 
Colby, John G. EUinwood, Miss Nancy S. Bunton. 

To Confer and Co-operate with Electric Club. — George I. Hopkins, W. G. Gar- 
mon, Albert L. Clougb. 

On Development of Household Utensils and Domestic Processes. — Mrs. Luther 
S. Proctor, Mrs. W. K. Bobbins, Mrs. Mary M. James, Miss Xellie J. Harrington, Miss 
Catherine Frain, James 0. Harriman, A. J. Peaslee. 

On Development in Clothing and Xeedle-work. — Mrs. Lucinda L. Farmer, 
Mrs. Sarah E. Hersey, Mrs. A. P. Taskcr, Mrs. John Eobertson, Mrs. George Bean. 

On Cookery and its Processes. — Mrs. George W. Dearborn, ]\[rs. A. S. Land), 
Mrs. 0. D. Knox, Mrs. Amanda AV. Smith, Miss Elizabeth McDougall. 

On Progress of Printing and Bibliography of Manchester. — George F. Willey, 
G. I. Hopkins, George C. Gilmnre. llrs. Olive Rand Clarke, Mrs. Helen In. Dunlap, 
Mrs. H. P. Priest. 

On Development of Tools and Machinery. — John M. Stanton, Joseph L. 
Stevens, Edwin P. Eichardson, George W. Fowler, Henry C. Sanderson. 

On Development of [Manufactured Products. — George C. Gilmore, A. D. Scovell, 
Daniel C. Gould, Mrs. Angeline B. Cilley, Mrs. Lucinda L. Farmer, Mrs. Charles 
E. Cox. 

On Heating and Lighting. — Charles J. Altbott, George X. Burpee, Joseph B. 
Sawyer, Albert L. Clough. 

On Development of Firearms. — John X. BriTce, Augustus H. Stark, A. L. 
Walker. 

The large store and basement in the Kennard was completely filled with the 
varied departments of the exhibition, which was open free to the public Monday, 
Tuesday, and Wednesday, day and evening: also by special request on Thursday. 
The store and basement comprised nearly 12,000 feet of floor space. In superin- 
tending the work of arranging the exhibits, Chairman Burnham was assisted by Mr. 
L. C. B. Burke, and Fred AV. Lamb acted as clerk of the committee in charge of the 
articles in the historic department. The hard work of the chairman and those who 
assisted him resulted in an exiiibition that was a delightful revelation to every 
visitor. It was not only novel and interesting in every department, but exceedingly 
instructive to both old and young. 

MANUFACTUEES. 

Through the center of tlie store, attractively arranged upon a specially con- 
structed framework, was a magnificent exiiibition of the products of the Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company, consisting of seventy-seven diflferent styles of teazle-down, 
cheviot, denim, and ticking goods arranged in pATamidal form to show the variety 
of checks, plaids, and stripes. Upon the opposite side was a display of over one 
hundred patterns of the famous Amoskeag gingliams, harmoniously arranged as to 
colors. 

The Stark Mills made a creditable exhibit, consisting of seamless bags, drilling, 
ducking, and heavy sail cloth; also a verj' interesting arrangement of cotton, showing 





JOHN C. FRENCH. 
HISTORIC ASSOCIATION. 



HENRY W. HERRICK. 
ART ASSOCIATION. 




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CHARLES J. ABBOTT. 

ELECTRICJCLUB. 



ALBERT L. CLOUGH. 
SECRETARY OF COMMITTEE. 



INDUSTRIAL AND HISTORICAL. 133 

the manufacture of cloth from the bale to finislied product, and baled goods ready 
for the China market. 

The Amory Mills had a fine exliibit of sheeting, shirting, and other products iu 
white and unbleached varieties. 

The Manchester Mills made an extensive display of dress goods, products of 
their mills and printing department, including worsteds, delaines, challies, lawns, 
cashmeres, and prints. 

The Elliott Manufacturing Company made a complete display of knit under- 
wear; the S. A. Felton & Son Company showed manufactured brashes and blankets 
in variety, and X. J. Whalen and the Eanno Harness Company made exhibits of 
fine harness and horse furnishings. 

The P. C. Cheney Company had an instructive exhibit showing the process 
of paper making in different stages, from the pulp wood to the finished paper. 
Both the chemical, or sulphide, and mechanical systems of manufacture were shown. 

Kimball & Hobbs made a fine exhibit of leather shoe findings, from the hide to 
finish; also a large variety of rubber goods. 

S. C. Forsaith ^Machine Company showed an interesting variety of moldings 
and other wood work. 

J. Truesdale & Son had a large display of trunks, and J. H. "Wilson, Jr., a fine 
assortment of hardware goods. Both of these exhibitors .showed articles of both 
old and modern manufacture. 

THE GENERAL STARK RELIC'S. 

Historically, the exhibition was exceedingly interesting and reflected great 
credit upon President French and his associates. Xever before in the history 
of Manchester had such a rich and unique collection of relics of old Derry- 
field been gathered together. Chief among the objects was the "I^Iolly Stark'"' 
cannon, captured by Gen. John Stark at Bennington in 177?. The famous brass 
piece was cast near Paris, France, in 1743 and is three and one fourth inch bore. 
It was brought to America as a part of the armament of the French army in Canada, 
and was captured at the battle of Quebec, on the "Plains of Abraham," by the 
English under General Wolfe. "When General Burgoyne invaded the colonies in 
1777, the old gun was a jiart of the field artillery taken along, and when he sent 
Breymann to the aid of Baunr at Bennington the gun was used in the battle and 
captured by General Stark and his Xew Hamjishire riflemen. By him it was pre- 
sented to the Xew Boston Artillery Company, then attached to the Xinth Eegiment, 
New Hampshire militia. The priceless relic has been ever since zealously guarded 
by its New Boston custodians, who loaned it for the exhibition. 

A very valualile collection of relics of General Stark occupied a prominent 
place and attracted much attention. It comprised the following: Bit brace, beaver 
trap spreading ten inches, one pair of saddle buckles used by Stark at the Battle of 
Bennington, one pair of silver knee buckles, a cane, a powder horn presented by one 
of his soldiers and Juindsouiely engraved, four old order books and field accounts, a 




GEN. JOHN STARK. 



INDUSTRIAL AND HISTORICAL. 135 

flask picked up l)y General Stark on the battlefield of Bennington, one pewter 
plate and pewter porringer, one bread and milk bowl, one punch bowl, one turkey 
platter, one wooden bowl, three wooden plates, two pepper and salts, one glass "flip" 
tumbler, two sugar bowls, two cups and saucers and small plate, one blue platter, 
two pitchers, one small trunk brought to this country by Archibald Stark (father of 
John Stark) from Scotland in ITSO, one belt worn by General Stark, one locket 
containing General Stark's hair, one gold Inukli', one pearl buckle, one pair of 
spectacles, one jiair of hair bracelets worn by Alolly Stark, one string of gold bead? 
worn by Molly Stark, one solid silver spoon that General Stark ate bread and milk 
with, one pair of gold sleeve buttons worn by General Stark, one old sandal slipiter, 
one snutt' box, one pair of candle snufl'ers, three large back combs of tortoise shell, 
one wooden water bottle, one large iron camp kettle, one perforated tin lantern 
used by Stark, flintlock gun captured by Stark in the French and Indian AVar. 
All of these relics were loaned by Augustus H. Stark. 

Hanging over the relics were water color paintings, "Birthplace of Stark," 
"John Stark Eunning the Gauntlet," "Stark's Grave," "Stark at Bunker Hill," 
and "Stark at Bennington," by Henry W. Herrick. A lirass knocker from the 
front door of the old Stark liouse was shown liy A. L. A\'alker. The life-size 
painting of Stark by Teiiney was also exhibited. 

WAR RELICS. 

The exhibition drew out a fine collection of IJevolutionary relics, more or less 
connected with Manchester history. There were the pistols and holsters carried 
through the Eevolution by Major-General John Sullivan, the engraved sword used 
by General Cilley and pair of pistols presented to him by vote of the New Hamp- 
shire legislature, sword, scal)bard, and pistol used by General Wilkinson, powder 
horn carried by James Harradon at Lexington and Bunker Hill, camp chest used 
by General Cilley at Valley Forge, order books of General Cilley and Gen. Enoch 
Poor at Valley Forge, silver cup presented General Poor by Lafayette. 

A knapsack of horsehide captured from the British in 1812 was shown by 
A. D. Scovell. Confederate bills secured \>y A. P. Tasker when the trunks of 
Jefferson Davis and General Beauregard were captured, the revolver, holster, and 
belt worn by Gen. Eoger A. Pryor when he was captured by Capt. H. 0. Dudley, 
and the bugle carried in the war by the New Hampshire Battery were shown. 

I\DIAN RELICS. 

The finest collection of Indian relics ever shown was enjoj'ed by visitors to the 
exhibition, all gathered in the vicinity of Manchester. Among the large contribu- 
tors to this department were Frederick Smyth, E. P. Bicliardson, H. Clarence 
Knowles, the John J. Bell estate, John K. Mc(^uesten, S. B. Kidder, Nate M. 
Kellogg, Will H. Heath, and William II. Huse. The collection consisted of fine 
specimens of arrow hcadi-, tomahawks, bow and aiTows, pipes, spearpoints, grinding 
mills, pestles, war clubs, axes, hammers, chisels, etc. 




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INDUSTRIAL AND HISTORICAL. 137 

ANTIQUARIAN. 

Among the antique arlicles in tJie exliibition were: Corn mill and j^estle, first 
slate used in Nutfield, coach bugle used on mail stage from Boston to Montreal, 
hand-made spikes from old Amoskeag dam, models of boats and canoes made by 
Oldtown and Penobscot Indians, portion of first communion set used in Nutfield, 
fire bucket used when the town house was burned in IS-tl, candle snuffers and 
molds, tax book of Manchester for 1847, ticket of Amoskeag Canal Lottery, cradle 
made in Manchester in 18-16, and many other minor curiosities. 

A. L. AValker & Son exhibited a fine collection of coins and paper money, and 
Charles J. Abbott and Irving W. Barclay also had fine displays of coins. 

BOOKS. 

In the book line, A. L. ^\'alkcr & Son made a fiiu' showing of old volumes. 
The Mack collection from Londonderry embraced a Xew England primer of 1S23, a 
book printed in 1199, copy of a book of manuscript sermons of the first minister of 
Nutfield, — Rev. James McGregor. George C. Gilmore entered many interesting old 
books and copies of the first and last city reports. William II. Huse displayed four 
books which belonged to the Derryfield Social liljrary. Other valuable volumes were 
shown by John G. Crawford, George I. IIo]ikins, and George E. Burnham. 

FIREARMS. 

In addition to the Revolutionary guns on exhibition, there were many other 
arms which drew attention. In a window stood a flintlock gun six feet long, which 
was carried in the siege of Londonderry, Ireland, in 1G88, and brought to this 
counti-y by its owner. Rev. James McGregor, who settled in Xutfield in 1719, and 
was its first minister. Under the direction of Capt. John N. Bruce, an exhibit 
showing impi'ovement in firearms attracted deserved attention. It contained 
specimens of guns used two hundred years ago, during the Revolutionary period, 
the muzzle-loading percussion cap muskets of the Civil War, carbines, breech-loading 
rifles, and the Krag-Jorgensen rifle, now used by the United States army. With 
this exhibit was a case shown by Louis Bell Post, G. A. R., containing samples of 
ammunition picked up on battlefields of the war. Arthur C. iloore also exhibited 
a fine collection of sidearms. 

CLOTHING AND NEEDLEWORK. 

An especially pleasing portion of the exhibit to the ladies was the department 
devoted to the development in clothing and needlework, superintended by Mrs. 
Lucinda L. Farmer. A novel and happily conceived feature was arranged by 
several young ladies, who were dressed in costumes representing different periods 
from 184G to the present time. They were Jfisses Ursula I\[. Burnham, Bessie I. 
Burnham, Flora Jfoore Termillo. Blanche K. Ilickeii, Sadie Currier, Charlotte 






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INDUSTRIAL AND HISTORICAL. 139 

Cossar, Grace Sturgis, and Klizaljetli C'ossar. Assoeiatrd with Airs. FiiriiiiT in the 
work of arranging this departjncnt were Mrs. Charles B. Bradley, Mrs. Emma Kidder 
Jloore, Mrs. Gihnan B. Fogg, ilrs. Charles K. "Walker, Mrs. John Rol)ertson, Mr^. 
A. P. Tasker, and Mrs. Sarah T. Hersey. 

Among the many interesting exhibits were collections of slippers of ancient and 
modern styles, handerchief hags, infants' caps and robes, bead chains, jewelled 
snuff boxes, bonnets showing the fashions for ninety years, choice old combs, mnfflers, 
swifts, hand-niiiih' quilts, suits, l)eautiful old linen, honicspun rugs, and exquisite 
specimens of laces, rare old endiroidery, and other fine needlework. There were 
silken hose worn at the hall gixen to General Lafayette in Boston in 182 1, a cape 
that had belonged to a duchess of Kent, a woolen (iiiilt made liy Mrs. Albert Chase 
in 1795, the wedding dress of Betsey Parker in ISII, a dress suit of 183G; table 
linen spun from flax grown in New Boston in 1800, and many other exhibits showing 
the changes in dress for a half centuiy. The following ladies contrilnited to this 
department: Mrs. George H. True, Mrs. Frederick Smyth, Jlrs. John K. McQuesten, 
Mrs. Charles K. Walker, Mrs. James P. Walker, Mrs. H. W. Ilerrick, Mrs, E. B. 
Wondliury, iliss Isa1)ella (i. !Mack, Miss Ijizzie M. Porter, and many others. 

ELECTRIC EXHIBIT, 

It was early suggested tliat an exhibition illustrating the matei-ial progress of 
the Queen City during the last half century would be incomiilete without a full 
exhibit representative of the wonderful advances made in the practical applications 
of electricity during the period, and with this fact in mind the executive committee 
of the Manchester Electric Club tendered the cordial co-operation of the association 
to the exhibition committee to effect this end. It was the design of the club to show, 
in compact form, examples of all the principal practical applications of electrical 
science, and this idea was most creditably carried out under the efficient direction of 
President Charles J. Abbott and his associates. Through the generous courtesy of 
Superintendent F. H. Smith, of the Manchester Electric Company, arrangements 
were made for the sujiply of electric current without expense to the club, and for 
the loan of much indispensable apparatus, thus permitting the apparatus to be shown 
in actual operation. The exhiljit was .arranged and cared for by members of the 
club, among those who were especially active being Messrs. Arthur W. Ferrin, 
A. A. Jenkins, Albert L. Clough, Prof. G. I. Hopkins, N. S. Bean, Jr., J. Brodie 
Smith, and Stanley Barlow. 

Arc lights and an arch of incandescent bulbs rendered the space allotted to the 
exhibit as light ,as day, and attracted a noticeable amount of attention, especially 
during the evening hours. 

Illustrative of the progress made in telegraphy there was shown, through the 
courtesy of Mr. Abbott, a complete set of the old-fashioned instruments in use for 
telegraphic piirposes at the time of the incorporation of the city, and in striking 
contrast to these clumsy affairs was exhibited a set of the latest improved instruments. 

The application of electricity to motive power purposes was practically demon- 
strated by tiic exhibition of electric motors driving ventilating fans aiul other 




YC 



iN COSTUMES, 1846 TO 1896. 




THE OLD-FASHIONED KITCHEN. 



INDUSTRIAL AND III5TORICAL, 141 

machinery. OiU' of the most interesting novelties shown was a complete outfit of 
electric heating and cooking apparatus exhibited in active operation, comprising 
electric stoves, kettles, flatirons, a glue pot and other useful utensils, obtaining their 
heat solely from the current. Electric meters and other instruments were installed 
for the purposes of enlightening the public in regard to the methods of measuring 
electrical energy, these being used in connection with the incandescent lamps and 
heaters. Attendants were constantly at hand to furnish descriptions and explanations 
of the various pieces of apparatus. Much of the interest of the exhibit centered 
about the demonstration of the X-ray, which was conducted by Albert L. C'lough and 
A. W. Ferrin, by means of apparatus constructed by them. A Tesla high-frequency 
coil, operated by the street current, was used in connection with Crookes vacuum 
tubes and fluoroscope, to afford a complete illustration of the principles of shadow 
photography and iluoroscopy. A collection of shadowgraphs was .at hand to show 
tlie curious and useful applications of the new rays, and many shadowgraphs of 
deformed hands and other objects were made for the benefit of those present, while 
the methods of jjroduction and the nature of the rays formed the subject of frequent 
informal lectures during the course of the exliibition. On the w'hole, the showing 
of the club was exceedingly creditable to this representative scientific body. 

ART DEPARTMENT. 

Occupying a iiromiuent position in the store was a water color painting of 
James Thornton, executive officer of the Kearsarge at the time of its battle with the 
Confederate cruiser Alabama. J. G. Ellinwood, L. W. Colby, and J. T. Langley 
exhibited photographs. Oil paintings of ex-Governors Weston, Currier, Straw, 
Smyth, and Cheney, Rev. Cyrus Wallace, Dr. Emil Custer and wife, Richard Ayer, 
Dr. W. W. Brown, and Rt. Rev. D. M. Bradley were shown; also portraits of all the 
mayors of Manchester. 

Owing to lack of room in the store, the art exliibition was continued in the 
rooms of the Art Association, in Pickering building, under direction of Chairman 
Herrick and Joel Daniels, Miss Anna A. Parker, Mrs. Eliza II. Collins, and Walter H. 
Shilvock. The entries were limited to oil, water color, pastel, and sculpture. The 
contributors were Etta Moulton, Georgia Wilson, Mary Percival Stone, W. E. Bur- 
bank, H. W. Herrick, Walter DeMoulpied, Mrs. E. H. Collins, Fannie D. Moulton, 
Miss H. S. Squires, Mrs. Sarah T. Ilersey, Mrs. L. L. Farmer, and Anson G. Osgood. 
The art collection of Mrs. W. W. Brown was also a prominent part of the exhibition. 
This collection, bequeathed to the Art Association, consists of paintings, rare inlaid 
tables, and bric-a-brac, and is valued at $1,250. The complete collection of Rogers 
groups, owned by the association, was also an attractive feature of the display. 
Over four thousand people visited the art rooms diiring the exhibit. 





MRo. LUCINDA L. FARMER. 



MRS. LUTHER S. PROCTOR. 





L. C. B. BURKE. 



FRED VV. LAMB, 



INDUSTRIAL AND HISTORICAL. 



143 



UorsHIIOI.I) rTEXSII.s AND COOKICnY. 

The linusehold utensils and ((icikciT "f fifty yeavr; n^o were illustrated in a happy 
manner liy the arrangement of an old-fashioned kitchen, completely furnished. 
There was grandfather".* clock, the spinning wheels, reels, the large fireplace and 
hanging kettle on the crane, the old crockery, candles, wooden cradle, etc. Overhead 
hung the strings of apples and l)unches of lierlis. This feature was in charge of 
Mrs. George W. Dearborn. 

Opposite this cxhihit, to show the cliange from the good, old-fashioued ways to 
the methods of living by society of 1896, was a representation of a modern parlor 
and sitting-roon:, witli a dainty five o'clock tea talile. This exhibit was under direction 
of Mrs. Luther S. Proctor, assisted by iliss Bessie I. Curiiham. 

It was estimated that at least ten tluiusand visited the exhibition each day that 
it was open. This would indicate an attendance of over fifty thousand during tlie 
four days and evenings that the public was admitted. 




THE ART COLLECTICN OF MRS. W. VV. BROWN. 





CHIEF HEALY. 



DEPUTY CHIEF CASSIDY. 





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MANCHESTER CADETS 
ESCORTING CADET VETERAN ASSOCIATION. 



THE OLD RESIDENTS. 

1846. — 1896. 



One of the most enjoyable featiires of the Semi-Centennial celebration was the 
gathering of Manchester's oldest residents, which happy affair resulted in the forma- 
tion of a permanent Old llesidents' Association. Among the names of those selected 
by Mayor Clarke to have charge of the celebration, fifty-six well-known citizens 
were designated to represent the old residents, Warren Harvey, who was .a native 
of Manchester, to serve as chairman. A meeting was called by Chairnum 
Harvey, on June 19, at the Board of Trade rooms, to organize and discuss plans for 
the coming event. David L. Perkins was chosen clerk, and after a free discussion 
the chairman and clerk were instructed to collect information and report a definite 
plan at a subsequent meeting. There were present the chairman, clerk, Henry A. 
Farrington, Joseph L. Stevens, A. A. Ainsworth, Eben Ferren, Hiram Forsaith, Heed 
P. Silver, William Brown, Hiram Hill, Luther S. Proctor, Walter Neal, John G. 
Lane, William T. Stevens, A. J. I^ane, William P. ilerrill, and David W. Collins. 

On the evening of July 1, Mayor Clarke addressed the committee briefly, out- 
lining his views with reference to the old residents feature of the celebration. It 
was his desire to make this feature especially prominent. To the "Old Guard"' of 
1846 should be accorded the post of honor. Those who were here at our municipal 
christening should be entertained as tlie guests of the city, and to this end he ten- 
dered a cordial co-operation. Hon. Charles H. Bartlett, president of the Board of 
Trade, also addressed the committee. The clerk then reported a program for the 
old residents, as ordered at the previous meeting. At the suggestion of the mayor, 
a registration book had been opened at the office of the city clerk, in which several 
hundred names had already been recorded of those now living in New Hampshire 
and elsewhere throughout the country, who were residents of Manchester as early as 
1846. Correspondence had been opened with those in remote places who had ex- 
pressed a desire to revisit their early home and become a part of the celebration. It 
was, therefore, a matter of the first importance that the old residents should have 
a common rendezvous, where they could review old friendships in the spirit of "Auld 
Lang Syne." To meet this want. Mayor Clarke tendered the free use of city hall 
for the three Semi-Centennial days of September 7, 8, and 9. It was recommended 
that a permanent old residents' association be formed; that a large registration book 
be opened with an entire page for each old resident, and a marginal space for remarks; 
that a distinctive old residents' badge be provided, and that sub-committees be ap- 
pointed on reception and entertainment. To carry out these recommendations, the 
following sul)-committees were named: 
10 14.') 



146 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

On Roception. — Ileiirv A. Farriiifrton. A. .1. l^uio, Cliailc- L. Kichardson, 
William II. I'hiiner, Walter Cody. Williatn \\\lior, Iliiam Hill, John (i. Lane, Luther 
S. Proctor, and Warren Harvey. 

On Entertainment.— William 1'. .Merrill. Ifinatius T. Webster. Charle.s K. 
Walker. Charles S. Fisher, and David W. Collins. 

On Old l.'esidents" Badge. — fieorpe W. Dodge, Cassius C. Webster, and Iliram 
Forsailh. 

On Old Ki'sideiits" Association ami Registration l>ook. — David L. Perkins, 
Joseph L. Stevens, and Henry A. I'arrington. 

At this meeting, Fred L. Wallace was chosen corresponding secretary. 

At a meeting held. August 1 1, the .sub-committees reported substantial progress. 
A distinctive old residents' badge was adopted and the clerk was instructed to 
present the constitution that had been drafted to a mass meeting of old residents 
during the Senii-Centennial week. Stejjs were taken to establish a bureau of infor- 
mation at the city hall for the benefit of visiting friends, and for the furnishing of a 
ladies' parlor adjacent to the hall fronting on Flm street. September 3 it was voted 
that the old residents" badges, at twenty-five cents each, be restricted to those who 
had registered, and who were residents of Manchester as early as 1846. Nearly a 
thousand names had l)y this time been recorded. Seven hundred and ninety-eight 
badges were disposed of, while only three hundred tickets had been provided for the 
grand reviewing stand. This fact alone attests the wide interest tlmt was entertained 
by the "Old Guard," at home and abroad. Indeed, the result far exceeded the 
expectations of those best qualified to judge. To meet the expenses of the committee, 
including a dinner and carriages for the aged and infirm, $300 was allotted to the 
committee, and of this sum $61. 90 was returned to the general fund after paying 
all bills. 

The registered names represent Colorado, Connecticut, Dakota, Florida, Georgia, 
Hlinois. Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, ilassachusetts. Elaine, Minnesota, Missouri, New 
Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Nebraska, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, 
Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and the District of Cohimljia. Doijlitless others 
were here from other states and territories of tlie Union. 

Of three hundred four names recorded in the new registration book, two hun- 
dred fifty-three were natives of New Hampshire, twenty of Vermont, eighteen of 
Massachusetts, and the balance were born in Connecticut, Elaine, New York. Vir- 
ginia, Canada, England, Ireland, ^ind Scotland; and when the pages are filled, as 
they ultimately will be, by those who wci-e hiM-e n lialf century back, the record will 
be still more interesting. In this lnHik many facts are recorded in the marginal 
space that will be of future interest. 

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7. 

The old historic city hall building, the ollicial headquaj-ters of the old residents 
during the celebration, was handsomely decorated for the festive occasion. By the 
patriotic efforts of Swedish citizens, a special sum of one hundred dollars was raised 




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148 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

and turned over to the proper committee for the jjiirpose of decorating the city hall 
exterior. The huilding was liandsoiiiely trimmed with streamers, festoons, and 
shields. On the soutli end was the city seal and the Klm-street side was adorned 
with life-like portraits of Hiram Brown, the first mayor. Mayor Clarke, and Gen. 
John Stark, the hero of Bennington. The offices of Mayor Clarke were also artisti- 
cally decorated. The hall was tastily decorated in honor of the old residents. Over 
the platform was a large cloth sign, hearing the inscription: "Manchester Welcomes 
Her Children of 1846." The hall and ladies" jiai'lor were tastily decorated with 
flags and streamers, and suspended from the walls, as an added welcome, were the 
portraits of a dozen prominent citizens of the jiast and ]iresent. They were Moody 
Currier, Frederick Smyth, James A. Weston, Ezekiel A. Straw, Daniel Clark, 
Phinehas Adams, Oliver Hunt, Mrs. Dr. Anms G. Gale, Alfred G. Fairbanks, David 
r. Perkins, Fhineas Stevens, and Daniel C. Gould, Sr. 

On the morning of September 7, several hundred of the ""Old (iuard" assem- 
bled in city hall. It was an inspiring scene to see the hearty hand.shakes of the 
veterans, as they greeted old friends whom they had not seen for years, and the 
faces of the veterans were illuminated witli smiles by many long-forgotten remin- 
iscences brought out by the hapjiy occasion. 

Before taking electric ears for the review stand. Chairman ^\'arren Harvey 
called the old residents to order and said: 

Ladies and Gentlemen: — It is my i)rivilejre as chairman of the old residents com- 
mittee to call this assembly to order, and to congratulate you upon the opportunity 
which has come to you to particii)ate txlny in .Manchester's Semi-Centenuinl eclehration. 
The Manchester we see today bears little resemblance to that Manchester which tifty 
years ago we saw incorporated a city. None of us dreamed that we should live to see the 
day when that small beginning' should e.\pand into the city we now behold. But it is 
probable that ten per cent of the population of this city in 1S46 are still living'. It is 
certainly gratifying to us all to observe the character of Manchester's growth, as well 
as the extent of it. It has always been along healthy lines; the relig'ious and educa- 
tional interests of the people have not been neglected or lost sight of. But the church 
and the .schoolho\ise have kept pace with the factory, the workshop, and every line of 
industry, and the Manchester we see today suffers in comparison with no Xew England 
city in any particular. It gives me great pleasure to present to you a son of the late 
Col. John B. Clarke, who was so widely known to the older inhabitants of this city, 
and so universally respected, — our present mayor, — William C. Clarke, who will officially' 
extend to yon the city's welcome and cordial greeting. 

Mayor Clarke, in response, said: 

Ladies and (Jentlenien: — While all Manchester is rejoicing this week in a demon- 
stration that few of \is will ever live to see renewed tifty years hence, to none does it 
mean so much as to the men and women who were here at the city's birth, and to whose 
brains, sagacity, and activity in building up the foremost community in Xew Hamp- 
shire we, who have followed after, owe so much. This is a day when the "Old Guard" 
commands our imdivided attention and respect, and while participating with pleasure 
in the other ])ublic exercises of the week I feel today that I am more honored than in 
all that has transpired, or will take place, in being privileged to extend to this noble 



THE OLD RESIDENTS. 149 

gathering- an official welcome. It is also with a feeliiif.- of no little satisfaction that [ 
find my efforts in org-anizins' an Old Residents' .\ssociation so conspicuously rewarded. 
Six month.s ag-o I placed in the office of the city clerk a record book, in which I invited 
all those in any way identified with Jianchester in 1S4G, or prior thereto, to reg-ister 
their names, tog-ether with the dat<> of their settlement in Jianchester. Interest in the 
effort to secure a registration of the "Old Guard" at once sprang uj), and as the days 
■w-ent by the list of names beg-an to assume gratifying- proportions, and before this 
week opened the pages of the book wei-e filled with the signatures of citizens who were 
here when the city was incorporated, or before then, who expected to be present at the 
celebration of her fiftieth anniversary. Over one thousand names had been entered 
in the register when it was clos- d to make i)lace for another and larger book, covering- 
in detail the history of the old residents, and which I doubt not will now lead the way 
towards the organization of a permanent Old Kesidents" Association. You have indeed 
g-loriously honored Manchester in the past, and today you honor her again by assem- 
bling in such large and distinguished numbers to assist in carrying- out her anniver.sary 
exercises. City hall is cheerfully placed at your disposal during the week, and here I 
trust you may meet and renew old ac(]uaintances, and talk over happily and profitably 
those dear old daj-s when you were leaders in the affairs of a city that has since become 
so beautiful and successful. 

At 10 o'clock the old rci;ifleiits were furnished free transportation hy electric cars 
to the review stand, on Trenioiit square, where special seats were reserved for them. 
After the parade a dinner was served in city hall. At 7.30 p. .¥. a meeting of old 
residents was held in city hall, the program being arranged by a committee on enter- 
tainment, consisting of William P. Merrill, Ignatius T. Webster, Charles K. Walker, 
David W. Collins, and Charles S. Fisher. The singing was under tlie direction of 
Hon. Alphcus Gay, and Fred W. Batchelder presided at the piano. The ]irogram 
opened with prayer by Rev. Anson C. Coult. fnllnwed by singing of "Auld Lang 
Syne." The principal address of the evening was delivered liy Hon. Joseph 
Ividder. 

SEMI-CEXTEXXIAL ADDRESS OF HOX. JOSEPH KIDDKH. 

It was past the middle of the nineteenth century. Gold in large quantities had 
been found in California. Extravagant stories were told of the fortunes made in a day 
at various points on the Pacific slope. People by the thousands left their business and 
their homes in the East, South, and West, and joined in the mad rush for riches in the 
T51dorado of the far West. Every known method of transportation was utilized and 
many, full of hope, with scanty means, went overland, on foot, so great was the desire 
to gather in the golden harvest of the new country. Among the pedestrian pioneers 
■were two boys from Ohio. For many a weary day they plodded on through forests, 
over sandy plains, and forded streams in their haste to reach the land of their dreams, 
■until one night they came to the top of the Rocky Mountains, with torn and bleeding- 
^eet, and laid down for rest. Jn the morning they awoke from their broken slumbers 
unrefreshed, and meditated silently on their forlorn condition and uncertain prospects. 
In tlie far-off East, u])on which the sun had risen, was the home of their childhood, with 
its many fond associations, pleasant memories, and loving hearts. .\ mother's hand 
seemed stretched out to beckon them back again and affection, as a clear voice sounding- 
in their ears, pleaded for their return. They were deaf to all entreaties, and stimulated 
by a burning desire for wealth from the unseen world they dropped a few tears, turned 
their faces westward, and resumed their march, with heavy hearts, along an almost 
imperceptible trail toward the Pacific ocean. And soon thev were gone bevond recall. 




HON. JOSEPH KIDDER. 

PSESIDENr OLD RESIDENTS' ASSOCIATION. 



THE OLD RESIDENTS. 151 

How striking the similitude to our own lot, dear friends. For tifty years, like the 
ancient Jews, we have been seeking- the promised land of n-ealth and honor, through 
toil and sacrifices. One half the journey towards the end of a century in the history 
of our municipality is finished. AVe camp for a night on the dividing line of time, not 
space. Many are footsore and weary of the march, despairing of the goal. Of the ten 
or twelve thousand joyous souls in our ranks, big with imtold hopes and aspirations, 
when we began the struggle of the new life, as a legalized city with a charter, the great 
majority, through change of plans, the mi.sfortunes of the journey, and the sad inroads 
made by the great destroyer, not half as many hundreds as we had thousands are 
gathered here tonight, in these festal halls, to grasp each other's hands, extend congrat- 
ulations, and tell the varied stories of their lives. We scarcely comprehend, much less 
realize, the decimating power of five decades. When a young man I knew nearly every 
family in a neighboring town, and coidd speak their names as 1 met them on the street 
or at public gatherings. A young man was there with whom I grew intimate and was 
soon on friendly terms. The acquaintance ripened into enduring friendship. The years 
rolled away and not long since he died. His last request was that as his friend I should 
conduct the religious services at his burial. A large company of citizens and friends was 
present on the occasion. As I sought to speak words of consolation I scrutinized the 
faces before me most earnestly, and to my surprise the only one recognized among the 
number familiar to me fifty years before was that of my friend, who lay still and forever 
silent in the habiliments of death. What a comment on the brevity and vanity of 
human life! Trvily, in the providence of God, the generations of men come upon the 
stage of action almost in an hour, and like the early clouds and evanescent shadows of 
a summer's morning flee away and are gone forever! 

Solemn and somber thoughts crowd upon me for utterance. I am overwhelmed by 
their magnitude and seriousness. And yet I am honored to be your choice as speaker 
for the brief time allotted me. It is a unique and distinguished body that I address. 
Rarely, if ever, was one like it. A similar one may not soon be convened here, or 
anywhere else. It is a .society remarkable in its make-\ip and characteristics. It is the 
Veteran Residents" Association of Manchester. The youngest member is at least 
fifty years of age by the terms of organization; the oldest eighty, ninety, perhaps more. 
Strike the average. It is quite likely sixty years or more. The number reported to me 
in all, as entitled to membership by enrolling their names on the books of the society, 
exceeds nine hundred. Xapoleon, it is said, ninety-eight years ago. at the famous battle 
of the Pyramids, incited his soldiers to action and to victor.y by the assurance that forty 
centuries looked down upon their valor, and success would crown every man with the 
wreath of honor who did his best for the cause. His arms were victorious. He won the 
battle. I cannot shout a similar incentive in your ears, or stir your enthusiasm by an 
eloquent appeal to your patriotism or your love. This is not my province. But if all 
the old residents of the city of Manchester, now living, are in this presence tonight, by 
multiplying the number, say seven himdred, by the average age, I am speaking to and 
of more than forty thousand years of active human life, covering a period twice greater 
than the number of years since the commencement of the Christian Era. But better 
still if we remember and practice the sentiments of the poet: 

"We live in deeds, not j'ears; in thoughts, not breaths; 
In feelings, not in figures on a dial. 

We should count time bj heart throbs. He most lives 
Who thinks most; feels the noblest, acts the best." 

We are gathered, members of the Old Residents' Association, to celebrate an impor- 
tant and deeply interesting event; one in which none of us can ever again participate. 
In this respect it is the one occasion of our lives. Jsaturall.y our thoughts turn into the 
reminiscent and historic vein, and we compare, mentally at least, the past with the 



152 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, X. II. 

present, and wonder if the progress in art, scicnco, litorat iin-, morals, and relifrioiis 
ideas and opinions for the eoniin'j' fifty years will be equal to or excel what our own 
eyes have witnessed since Manchester was incorporated as a city. For one, I find 
inatiM-ial for thought and discussion in days lonfr l)ri()r to the lejfislative act that can- 
celled our town organization and bestowed upon us as a peo|ile the rights and jjrivileges 
of a city form of government. Jiut Manchester has few legends running far back into 
the misty past. Clearly the state was once the domain of the unlettered savage, who 
rojinied at will through the forests and chased tli<- panther and the bear to their hiding 
places. Anioskeag falls was one of their principal fishing places. The ^^errinlaek river 
was alive with salmon, shad, alewives, and eels, and the smaller fish common in her 
waters. The place 'where ex-Governor Smyth's house now .stands was the camping 
ground of the dusky Indians. I remember the spot well, for in my boyhood days I 
hunted there frequently, with good success, for tomahawks, arrow heads, stone chisels, 
glass beads, and other trinkets, the product of their skill and ingenuity when not other- 
wise employed. A little further down the river, in the neighborhood of Mr. lilood's 
shops, and adjacent to the old burying ground, was a similar tract, .some two hundred 
feet in diameter, without doubt used for the same |)urposes. The vegetable mold had 
been consumed by the oft-lighted fires, and nothing but .sand remained where the numer- 
ous wigwams once stood, and the natives cooked their food in a rude way and hetited 
their feet on their return from hunting and fishing expeditions. Possibly these things, 
and a few others similar in characteristics, in the vicinity of the falls, gave occasional 
travelers and newspaper correspondents in former times the idea that Manchester was 
only a series of useless sand banks, and the soil ill adapted to agricultural ])urposes. 
This was a partial and erroneous view. As a general statement, nothing couhl be 
further from the truth, as more recent observation .-md practical tests of the productive- 
ness of the soil fully demonstrate beyond cavil. The primitive forests, as we well 
rememlier, with local exceptions, were of hard wood, and many of the trees of enormous 
size. The soil was admirably adapted to the growth of large crops of grass, corn, and 
oats. For farm and garden purpo.ses, with .stimulating mixtures and manures containing 
fertilizing properties, emphasized by judicious cultivation, the results in mo.st instances 
are at least satisfactory, if not marvelous, in our eyes. The story of Manchester sand 
banks is now a veritabli' myth, ami soon all traces of the legeiul will drop from human 
recollection. 

Renewing, for a moment, our thread of Iniliaii life, and remembering the part he 
enacted in the scenes about the falls, it may be remarked that about the only signs of 
his former presence in the neighborhood are to be found in the somewhat antiquated 
histories of the old town nf Harrytown. and the familiar names of Massabesic lake. 
Amoskeag falls, Uncanoonue mnnntains, and Wanolancet, the noted sachem of a tribe 
of his fellows once dwelling in the forests along the banks of the .Merrimack, liviliz- 
ation is the menace of noniaiiic tribes, and as the unfortunate red men gradually 
retired from Xew England, before the onward march of the arts and sciences, so, one 
day in the future, when there is no refuge for their broken numbers except the racific 
ocean, the race will gradually melt away and these curious peoi)le be blotted from the 
earth, forever. The projjheey is as sure of fulfillment as that the enlightened nations 
shall move on to still higher planes of .social, moral, and religious life. 

1 am especially glad tonight for an opportune moment, in the presence of this dis- 
tinguLshed body of nun and women, wlio ran never come together again under .similar 
circumstances, to vindicate the cliaraefer of the early citizens of Harrytown, Derryfield, 
and .Manchester, Ijeing at ,,,„■,. the same place but named con.secntively in the Oriler 
here written, for be it known that some historians, as well as scribblers for the i)nl)lic 
press, have either ignorantly or maliciously cast obloquy upon the names and fame of 
the fathers of the [u-esent and |irece(iing generaticins once residing within the borders 



154 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. II. 

of our ])re.sent city limits. 'Idiiifrlit I stuiid iu ilffcMist- of tlii-se fiilliers ami bear testi- 
mony to their eminent worthiness as hitrh-mindecl and honorable citizens, as a whole. 
If they were here, with strenfrth to walk our streets, they would be able to defend them- 
selves. But they are ffone forever from our midst. Some of us. perhaps, are their 
de.scendant.s. We honor their names. We are jiroud of our ancestry, and will gladly 
defend their character at all pro])er times. We should !)<• dcreliil iu duty if we did not 
.stand like a rock in their defense. 

The pioneer settlers in the town, as we learn from aut lu'utic so\irces, \viTe .lolin 
Goffe, Jr., Edward Linf,''fiel<l. and lieujaniin Kidder. These men came from Massachu- 
setts in 1721 or 1722, and built rude houses on the north side of Cohas brook, near where 
it empties its waters into the .Merrimack. .\ few year.s later, .\rchibald Stark, the father 
of the Revolutionary hero, >lohn -McNiel. and John Kiddell. now spelled Kiddle, settled 
near Amoskeag falls, on lands afterwards known as "Stark place," and "Kidder farm."' 
These six men are the first known white settlers in Harrvtown. Subsequently their 
numbers were increased to a limited degree up to 1751, when a charter was granted by 
the governor and council under the name of Derryfield. The growth of the town was 
largely from within and quite slow. To divert the citizens from agricultural pursuits, 
upon which th€-y were largely dependent, and to add to their discouragements, the 
French and Indian wars broke out and made heavy drafts on the able-bodied men of 
Derryfield. The arts of w^ar always sadly interfered with the arts of peace, esi)ecially 
in a new country. The inhabitants of Derryfield had their hands full in clearing their 
lands, providing shelter, food, and raiment for their families, traveling long distances 
by forest paths and crooked trails to reach the centers of trade and to purchase scanty 
su])plies. To these hardshijjs add contagious diseases and the lommon sicknesses inci- 
dent to life even in its best conditions, with all the horrors ot pinching poverty, and 
war all about them for a term of years, and you have a picture before you to appeal to 
the strongest heart and fill the minil with the keenest anguish. This was very largely 
the melancholy condition of affairs in fne town for a period of some twenty-five or 
thirty years, ending with the close of the Revolutionary War. This period of time 
included, of course, the great sanguinary .struggle between the .\merican coFonies and 
the mother country. It was a long and desperate struggle for human rights and 
human liberty. Derryfield bore its share in this great and bloody contest heroically 
and unflinchingly. With these fathers of ours — the good stock from which some of my 
hearers are descended — patriotism was never at a discount. At one time, it is said, on 
good authority it is believed, that thirty-four out of thirty-six of the able-bodied men 
were at the front, in the thickest of the fight "for God and their native land." 

During all this time the mothers in the town were not less patriotic or self-sacri- 
ficing to the end of .securing good government and peaceful homes for themselves and 
their children. In the absence of the meii during the continuance of the wars, it was 
a common thing in the spring of the year for the women with hoes in hand to go into 
the lot and plant corn and other cro|)s. care for them during the summer, and in the 
autumn gather in the harvests for the sustenance of men aiul beasts. Besides rearing 
the children and performing the household duties, in a primitJM' way. iu the lotig winter 
evenings they made vigorous use of the spinning wheel, converting the wool of the 
sheep into yarn, from which the stockings and mittens were knit or woven into cloth 
on the old hand loom, for the use of the family. The cloth was cut and made into gar- 
7nents by the same diligent hands; or committed to the care of the tailoress who went 
from house to house as a traveling seiimstress. The shoemaker, with his kit of tools, 
went on his annmil tour among the families in the same way ami made up a year's 
supply of new boots aiul shoes from cow hide and .sole leather; or rep;Lircd the old oru>s 
and made them for the time iiractically as good as new. At the linu' of which 1 now 
speak there were but few iuhabitauts in the town, aiul tliev were widely scattered, with 



THE OLD RESIDENTS. 155 

few or no social privilejjes. It was not the age of schoolhouses or public schools. 
Books were scarce and teaching', as a profession, was unknown in the town. Many 
young men, and women, too, grew to manhood and to womanhood without the ability 
to write their names, and when the occasion rccjuired made their "cross" or "mark" 
through the remainder of their lives. 

What 1 have said in regard to schools and schoolhouses applies with almost equal 
propriety and force to church structures and religious teaching during the same period. 
While most of the earlj- settlers were from the common walks of life and uneducated, 
with the exception of .Archibald Stark, and a few others, yet among them were men 
of strong religious convictions and an unwavering faith in the fundamental doctrines 
of Christianity. These men would have built churches and maintained public religious 
worship but for the want of means and the co-operation of their fellow townsmen. 
As it was, barns and houses were occasionally utilized for these purposes, when an itin- 
erant preacher came into their midst. The influence of these believers, quickened by 
an occasional sermon, with the aid of such moral instruction as was imparted by the 
mothers in their homes and by their firesides, was not without eilect in the sparsely 
settled community. These children, born of rugged parents, possessing strong consti- 
tutions and a love of freedom, with a keen sense of honesty, integrity, and honor, grew 
up to be worthy men and women and became good citizens and worthy people, as the 
world goes. True they were not saints, more than Jim Bludsoe of the Mississippi; but 
for rare bravery in the hour of need, sterling integrity in every day life, and the virtues 
essential to good citizenship, they were at least the equals of their fellows in any part 
of the state. Tell me, then, thou honest chronicler of human events and human actions, 
with the evidence within your reach, can you conscientiously disparage the character 
of such men and women, or write bitter words of criticism in your histories and send 
them down to unborn generations? 

In this connection it is eminently proper to remark that I should do a great wrong 
to my auditors, and the public generally, as well as to the purpose and spirit of this 
address, did I omit reference to the great central figure in the history of Harrytown, 
Derryfieia, and JIanchester. .John Stark was born in the neighboring town of London- 
derry, on the 2Sth day of August, 1728. His father, Archibald Stark, was a native of 
Glasgow, in Scotland, and was educated, we are told, at its ancient university. In his 
eloquent address at the unveiling of the statue to General John Stark, in the state house 
yard at Concord, in 1890, the late Hon. James W. Patterson spoke as follows of the 
father of John and the lineage of the Starks: "Early in life, Archibald Stark removed 
to Londonderrj-, in Ireland, where he married and became closely identified with the 
heroic people of that famous city. They were of the same race and creed with himself, 
and he partook of their trials and aspirations for better conditions. The man who had 
fought in the siege of Derry could not submit to oppression from any government or 
church, and in the spirit of heroic adventure accepted the hardshii)s of the sea and the 
cruelties of the wilderness in the hope of larger liberty and a more generous expansion 
for his children." In 1733, at the age of five years, the young boy John came to Amos- 
keag Falls with his father and remained a citizen of Manchester during the remainder 
of his long, eventful, and useful life. The tract of land that came into the possession 
of the family extended from the falls to Hooksett line, running back a mile or two 
from the Jlerrimack river. The location where the Stark mansion was subsequently 
erected, a half mile above the falls, and near the place where the precious remains of the 
great warrior now rest in quietness, is one of the most charming spots in picturesque New 
Hamiishire; and his ashes will be forever kept sacred in the Stark park, now owned by 
the city of Manchester. John Stark, from his boyhood, was the idol of his townsmen, 
and when he had achieved the high military honors that will long cluster about Bunker 
Hill, Trenton, Princeton, and Bennington he was almost literally the object of man-wor- 



156 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

ship by his couiitrN rin'ri. IU-iiiiiiiHt<>ii ":!>• 'he- crouiiiny fflory f)f liis military oper- 
ations. That great l):iiilc was the pivot on which turned the political destijiy of the 
American peojilc. and made American lil)crty and American inslitntions possible on 
our soil. 

Now John Starlv, witli his broad views, riijid adherence to the rijfht, patriotic views 
and blameless life, was a factor or element in developing' the best traits of character in 
the people around him: and to him, more than to any other affency. are we indebted 
for the rich Icffacies of stern virtue and indomitable patriotism that have come down 
to us as their descendants. .\11 liail to the memory of General John Stark! 

The close of the long sanguinary struggle with England and the proclamation of 
peace came like a benediction to the people of this country. The soldiers rettirned to 
their families, farms, and sho|)s, and thrift and happiness followed their labors. In 
179.1, .Samuel Hlodget projected the lilodgct canal, which, after many discouragements, 
was completed and ojjcued to public service in 1807. For thirty years or more this canal 
was of great value in maintaining water comnumication for the transportation of goods 
and merchandise and lumber between Concord and Boston. It answered well its pur- 
pose until superseded b.y the railroad and its methods of transportation in 1842. 

The first schoolhouse in Manchester was built in 1795. Others followed as fast as 
there was a demand for increased educational facilities. About the .same time McGregor 
bridge was built across the Merrimack, from the present terminus of Bridge .street 
on the west. A librar.v was organized in 1S54. In ISOG the town was divided into high- 
way districts for the construction of better roads. Four years later, in ISin, a cotton 
mill was built on the west side of the river at .\moskeag falls; and Derryfield, by act of 
the legislature, became Manchester. Judge Blodget, a man of keen perceptions, proph- 
esied that the town, in con.sequence of its extensive and valuable water power, would 
some day become the Manchester of America. Time bids fair to verify the pnipliecy. 
The population at that time was about six hundred. 

It is a .somewhat singular fact, and one perhaps not readily explained, that Manches- 
ter, like many other agricultural towns in the state, for thirty years previous to 1840 
made but little advancement in population. Since then, in many localities, there has 
been a marked decrease. But Manchester never retrogrades. She held her own in the 
epoch of stagnation, but made little progress in material things, except in her roads, 
dwellings, schoolhouses, and farms. , Mentally and morally there was perceptible 
advancement. There was but little to disturb the peace and harmony of the place. 
The same river ran to the ocean, and the same canal facilitated traffic between Boston 
and Concord. There was little immigration to the town. Children were born and 
people died, among the latter — the noblest citizen of all — General John Stark, rich in 
wonderful experiences and honors and fully ripe in years. His death occurred peace- 
fully at his home, above Amoskeag falls, near the river bank, May 8, 1822, at the age of 
94 years, wanting a few months. He w.is buried with distinguished military honors, 
and now sleeps the sleep of tlu- brave ,ind the just, with a brilliant military fame 
second to few iti modern times. Manchester, New Hampshire, the country, revere his 
name, and will long cherish his memory, .\mong his survivors whom I recall from per- 
sonal recollection, and who gave character to the town, may be named the Starks, the 
Kimballs, the Clarks, the Rowells, the Stevenses, the Dickeys, the Westons, the Moores, 
the Gamliles, the Huses, the Jacksons, the Merrills, the Harveys, the Johnsons, and 
the Kidd< rs. 'Phcrc were others not less worth.y of mention that are not upon the list. 
These families, with their neighbors and associates, made Manchester what it was in 
character during the first four decades of the nineteenth century, and I now declare 
upon my honor, according to the best knowledge at my command, that for a country 
town, in the way of industry, honesty, integrity, fair deal and general intelligence, early 
Manchester had few superiors in the state, ilay we and our descendants seek to per- 




Fiom kn old pHn 



HON. SAMUEL BLODGET. 

WHO BUILT THE CANAL AROUND AMOSKEAG FALLS IN 1807. 



158 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, X. 11. 

pt'tiiatc, tlirnu{,''li iimny f^t'iit'i'atioiis, the iiolilo lieritaf^e that has come down to lis from 
our fathers. 

In 1S.18 a new era begtin in onr quiet little town. On the 24th clay of October 
occurred the first public sale of lands by the .\moskeag' Corporation. In laying out the 
lots the engineer made a sad mistake that time will not correct or even mitigate. Elm 
street, the widest, longest, and most beautiful in the state, should have been laid due 
north and .south, with all the others on the east side parallel or at right angles to it. 
As conteniiilated by the ])lan, it was the purpose to benefit the corporations. It did 
not do it, but has forever marred the symmetry of the streets and lots and the beauty 
of the city. After the sale, which was eminently succes.sful, the first house erected was 
on the corner of Concord and Chestnut streets. Others followed in different localities, 
with stores and blocks on Kim .street. .Soon on every hand was heard the sonnd of ax 
and hamnu'r, and the click of the trowel, and every other tool in use by builders. The 
town grew as if by magic. Men of tact, business, and means came to the embryo city 
and joined their fortunes with the old inhabitants. Our people became a busy people, 
and thoughtful as well, ])roviding as far as jjossible for the health of the citizens, the 
education of the young, and the nujral and religious training of all. First and ])rom- 
inent among social and fraternal organizations were the Masons and Odd Fellows, main- 
taining their supremacy to the present day. In seven years there were more than ten 
thousand inhabitants. The time had come, in the thought of the people, for a city, ami 
on application a charter was granted by the legislature in ISJO. The formal organization 
of the city government, under the act of incorporation, took place September S, 1S4G, 
with the late Hon. Hiram Brown as mayor. It was a proud day in the history of Man- 
chester and an event of great significance to our people. 

.\s old residents, born or living here fifty years ago, in conjunction with sixty thou- 
sand people, we are today celebrating the birth and growth of Manchester, — the first, 
the largest, and most successful city in the state. Veritably it is the "Queen City." 
Let the Stars and Stripes float; let the guns be fired; let the loud huzzas of our free 
and hai)])y people fill the air with joy and rejoicing. .\nd may the Divine benediction 
rest on the celebration and all our people. 

I have but a word more to add. I began this address with an earnest ])urp<)se to 
vindicate the character of the early settlers of the town and subserve the cause of truth 
and justice; and at the .same time to stimulate, if possible, the present generation of 
our people to new and greater .sacrifices in tehalf of health, education, morals, and 
religion. I trust I have not utterly failed in either of my plans. And now, dear friends, 
I give you the parting .salutation. This morning we met largely as strangers; tonight 
we part as friends. It is the first and last meeting of our organi;ation. Wlien we 
.separate the organization is dissolved. There can be no reunions. None of us will be 
here lilty years hence. It is "hail, and farewell!" Our prayer is that we may so live 
that in the end we can lie down to pleasant dreams and awake refreshed, in the 
hea\enl\ and iTtiMiortal Uingdonil 

I'liii r i-ciniii'ks M'cre 'made by IJcv. Claudius Byrno nf Lawrence, INFass.. and 

Prof. Henry K. Sawyer of Bradford. 

TJu' aiidiciice then joined in singing "I'raise Ye JeliovalTs ^I'aine." 

The following verses, composed by Mrs. Clara B. Heath and inscribed to the 

old residents, were read bv Ilenrv T>. Stearns: 



OUR CITY, 1846-1896. 



CLARA B. HEATH, 



There was. once on a time, as story-books say — 
We begin our rliymes in the good old way — 
A village that stood by a river's side. 
That river which now is our joy and pride. 
The beautiful Merrimack! Fairest stream 
That ever reflected the sun's bright beam. 
At least to us who have seen each phase. 
Year after year, since onr childhood days; — 
But this vjjlage had little of wealth to show, 
Save the "Falls" above, and the "'IJiver" bi'low. 

Its site had once been the camping ground 

Of an Indian tribe; and there still were found 

Their broken arrows and rusted spears. 

Unused, perhaps, for a hundred years; 

Their rough stone mortars, and hatchets rude, 

And other relics as quaint and crude; 

All telling' of years when the paleface fled. 

Or stood in fear of his brothers red: 

Those cruel brothers who went their way, 

Willie their hunting ground is ours today. 

Years passed, and the village began to grow, 

And more than fourscore years ago 

They petitioned the court and changed its name 

To an old-world one well known to fame. 

A wise .selection, — 'twas hard to yield 

The prestige of Derry to Perryfield. 

The former ranked high as a prosjjerous town, 

.Vnd for years, 'tis said, looked coldly down 

On her humble sister, whose wealth in chief 

\V:is known at the time as "Derrytield beef." 

'Tis a growing age; and r|ulck and fast 

The changes came to the little town. 
The last was first and the first was last, 

As the later years have truly shown. 
Like the wonderful gourd of ancient times 
It grew and grew, till we heard the chimes. 
And the bells from many a steeple fair. 

In the quiet lioiirs of the SabRath morn. 
Ring out the summons to ])ralse and prayer, 

Where late were woods or the waving corn. 
159 



160 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

\Vc -.itv iir(i\i(l (if oiir i-ity. its growl h ;ui<l uf;ilth, 

Its winsonie hfiiiity and rustic health; 

We could point to nianv a noble name 

Of tliose who liave l)ron{,^lif lier wealth and fame. 

Jler colonels and captains were in the war; 

Her judges and lawyers have g-raced the bar; 

Her sons have fidl oft tilled the governor's chair; 

Of senate and house she has had her share; 

Her schools and churches have been renowned 

For good seed sown on ii fruitful g'rouiul: 

While thousands have toiled, bcth early and late. 

To make her good, and to make her great; 

But of all that has made her rich or blest. 

Her beavitifiil river is first and best. 

We arc proud of our suburl)s. fresh auil fair. 
Our hills that are veiled in a ])nrer air. 
Our library dim, and our boulevards. 
Our bridges, and boats, and electric cars; 
Of our airy parks, and the streets we tread. 
Where the elm trees meet in an arch o'erhead, 
While the humble toil of our shops and mills 
With i)eaco and plenty the homestead fills. 

If old liock Kimnion liail <-lianccd to stand 

In some noted town iu a far-ott' land. 

It might have had place on history's page, 

IJeen famous for something besides its age. 

Hut seeking others to praise or applaud. 

Our rocks, like our prophets, must look alu-oad. 

"I'is "a thing of beauty"— the lake so grand. 

That stretches across our border land — 

■■.\ joy forever!" >ler islands fair, 

,\re "isles of beauty," — and everywhere 

Tliere are views to delight the artist eye, 

Though her waters reflected an angry sky. 

Lake Massabesic! In shade or sun 

It is seldom we see a fairer one. 

Its musical name was a rich bequest. 

The Indians left as they journeyed Avest. 

No brook ever sang a sweeter song 

Than the Cohas sings as it flows along 

"I'wixt flowery banks, throtigh the meadows wide, 

Where reeds and lilies grow side by side, 

.\nd willows bend o'er the rippled tide; 

While the meadow lark in his airy way 

.loins now and then in a roundelay. 

'Tis a song of hope with a glad refrain 

That soothes a sorrow, or stills a pain; 

We hear it often when far away. 

It seemed to ring in our ears today; 



OUR CITY, 1846-1896. 161 

It whispers of pleasures l)e3oiid our ken; 

Who listens once will listen again; 

Like Tennyson's brook, with its steady flow, 

Though men may come, and though men may go, 

The Cohas sparkles o'er rocks and moss. 

While the years go by with their gain or loss. 

We had many dark days with the flag half-mast, 
While the storm of our civil war swept past; 
When sire and son wore the army blue, 
And fought 'ueath "our flag" so brave and true; 
Dark days when we mourned for our nation's dead. 
Dark nights though our camp-fires glowed so red. 
AVe were proud of that blood so freely spent, 
And proud of the stately monument. 
That shaft that speaks of our honored ones; — 
With the bravest e'er stood New Hampshire's sons. 
'Tis well their graves should be strewn with flowers, 
Their honor and glory is also ours. 

So much for the past, — what still may be, 
Ere the year of our city's jubilee, 
But few of us here may live to see. 
We reap the fields by our fathers sown. 
We profit by wisdom they have shown; 
For once at least the saying is true — 
"They builded far better than they knew." 

We say it is only fifty years 

Since our city had but a village fame; 
But think of the joys and hopes and fears. 
Her days of pleasure, her hours of tears. 

And, alas, sometimes, her hours of shame. 
God keep her in future, as in the past, 

From pestilence, famine, fire, and flood; 

May her coming days be fair and good. 
And never by war-clouds overcast. 

How few there will be of the mighty throng 

That walk through the streets, the grave or th"? gay. 
That will join in the march or list to the song 

In honor of her centennial daj'! 
Perhaps the skies that now arch us fair. 

May hold in their trackless fields of blue 
The airy wings of the ships that bear 

Full many a gay and gallant crew. 
The horseless carriage may then be known 
As a quaint device, long since outgrown. 

Who knows but the lake on our border line 

May be our center, and 'raid the green 
Of the hills and dales of our suburbs fine 

Rise fairer mansions than we have seen. 



162 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 



Oak liiU, \vit]i its tower, may be the lioine 

Of those who study and watch the stars; 
And men from the cast and the west may come 
To look tliroiifrh the fjhiss in the vaulted dome, 

And even eomuiiinicate with Mars. 
But the Uneanoonues, still uncrowned, 

Will stand like sentinels, robed in blue; 
And gray l!oek Kinimon, as if spelIbo\ind: 

And the river run like a ril>bon throuyli. 

All hail, fair city! Our very own. 

From your highest tower to the lowest stone. 

For fifty years we have watched your growth. 

To the east, and west; to the south, and north; 

We have mourned your sorrows, and shared your fears, 

And rejoiced in the gain of the passing years. 

Go on and prosjjer — grow good and great — 

Queen City thou art of the Granite State; 

God keep thee safely, forever and aye. 

Till tlie hills and valleys sliall jjass away. 

The meeting closed willi the singing of the Doxology. 




WILLIAM P. MERRILL. 
CHAIRMAN ENTERTAINMENT CCMMITTEE. 



ADDRESS or HON. DAVID CROSS. 163 

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8. 
The old residents were provided witli speeial seats in tlie tent during the literary 



exercises. 

In the evening, in city hall, another interesting program was carried out, under 
direction of Chairman AAlliiam P. Merrill, opening with "Auld Lang Syne." Frank 
H. Challis read the "First and Fiftieth Chapters of the Book of Chronicles," a series 
of amusing allusions to olden times, and scenes and persons concerned in the history 
of Manchester for fifty years. 

Hon. David Cross delivered the address of the evening, as follows: 

ADDRESS OF IIOX. DAVID CROSS. 

To the fifty or sixty thou.sand people of the city of Manchester, this Semi-Centeniiial 
anniversary comes as a holiday, or as an occasion ^vhen a multitude of people gather as 
for an ordinary purpose of celebration or thanksgiving. The great majority know 
nothincr of JIanchester as it was in 1846 and before, and have no association with its early 
history" with its sparse population, with its poor, sandy soil, with its unfinished streets, 
with its limited advantages for business, family, and school life. 

In 1S31, and before, the territory now covered by the city of Manchester was barren, 
uninviting,'and seemingly undesirable as a place of residence. Recall, if you can, Man- 
chester before the beginning of manufacturing in 1S31. Here and there a few small 
dwellings; a few men engaged in rafting and boating on the Merrimack river, a little 
farming and fishing for salmon and eels at Amoskeag falls. I suppose the poet of the 
centennial, in 1851, with some humorous poetic exaggeration, pictured this feature of the 
town when he said: 

Our fathers treasured the slimy prize; 

They loved the eel as their very eyes; 

And of one 'tis said, with a slander rife. 

For a string of eels, he sold his wife! 

From the eels they formed their food in chief, 

And eels were called the "Derryfield beef!" 

And the marks of eels were so plain to trace 

That the children looked like eels in the face; 

And before they walked — it is well confirmed — 

That the children never crept but squirmed. 

Such a mighty jjower did the squirmers wield 

O'er the goodly men of old Derryfield, 

It was often said that their only care. 

And their only wish, and their only prayer. 

For the present world and the world to come 

Was a string of eels and a jug of rum! 
Doctor Wallace in his centennial address states that he met a man in our western 
country', who had left Manchester in its early history, who described it in this way: 
"That his father owned four hundred acres of land which was not worth nine pence an 
acre, and so he had left it for better land in the West." 

With the building of the canal from the Amoskeag falls, by the Amoskeag Company, 
and the running of the first spindles on this side of the river, in 1839, a new era dawned 
upon Manchester and upon the state of New Hampshire. From that day young men and 
women from the hills and valleys of New Hampshire and Vermont began to seek this 



;ie4 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

as their new home. The first people were New Kntfland born, an.l the girls in the n.ills, 
as well lis the vounfr men, were from the farms of New Hampshire an<l Vermont. L.rad- 
nallv other nationalities have eontinued to join us until tliis Semi-Centenn.al day, when 
people Yankee, Irish, Freneh. (ierman, Swede, Xorwe|?ian. and others, heartily unite in 
singing the praises of our adopted city and ple.lging- loyalty to o..r homos and our 

country. ,, • i ■ e 

In 1840, witli the exception of a few native born, the people were all in the vigor ot 
early life. They had oonie here for work. As a rule they were without property and 
they came here to earn a living. The prominent characteristic of Manchester in 1846 
and since 'has been that it was a hive of industry. We have all given our days to 
constant and persistent labor. Labor ha-5 been honorable, and the idler has found but 
few congenial coni])anions. The motto of our city seal fittingly typifies the spirit of the 
city: "Labor vincif— '"Labor conquers." This spirit of industry has been an inspira- 
tion to our people and a constant incentive to good and noble achievement. It has been 
impossible, in the midst of such industr\-, prosperity, and success, for the idle or the 
lazy to live with any comfort. 

lu memory I see Manchester for more than fifty years past, its gradual growth in 
population and wealth, the men and women who have lived and wrought, and who have 
left us, and those now remaining. The whole seems to me tonight as a panorama, which, 
if I had the genius of a magician, 1 would unfold to you, and we would all for the 
hour live over again the past. It is all as real to me as your presence. How can I 
present this Manchester of 1S46 so that you may all see it and realize what it was, and 
what have been the changes In its material, its educational, and its social progress? 

It is difficult to describe Manchester as it was at any particular date. I knew it first 
in 1841, and came here to reside permanently in 1844. Kecall the place, those of you who 
can, as it was in 1841 to 1S46. The principal buildings on Elm street were the Jfanchester 
House at the corner of Elm and Merrimack streets, a two-story building at the corner 
of Elm and Manchester, a two-story wooden building where now stands the Jferchants' 
exchange, the Union building and Central block, Farley & DuncUley's store, and a few 
■wooden structui-es on the east side of Elm street. There was no dwelling house in the 
town costing above $5,000, unless possibly the J. T. 1'. Hunt, Daniel Clark, and J. G. 
Cilley residences on Lowell street, and the residence of the agent of the Stark mills on 
Hanover street, now used as an orphan asylum. 

Among the young men in Manchester in 1S41 and 1S40, I have only time to speak of 
four: One a clerk in I'orter & I'inkerton's grocery store, then working for $300 a year, 
in the wooden building now belonging to the George W. Thayer estate. Most of J'ou, 
I think, remember this young man. He was first a clerk, then a partner, and then in 
trade for himself, soon after city clerk, and then mayor, and governor of the state. 
Frederick Smyth is a sjiecimen of the young men who came to Manchester in its early 
history, and who achieved success and high jiosition. As a trader, as a liberal citizen, 
contributing to all the charities of the town and the city, in his oflficial positions of 
banker, mayor, governor of the state, and in the general government, he has been an 
honor to the city and to the state. We all regret tliat he is unable to join us in this 
celebration with his usual energy and activity. 

Among the other men who came almost as boys was Ezekiel A. Straw, who, at first 
as civil engineer, and afterwards as agent and manager of the Amoskeag Corporation, 
came to be one of the foremost men of the state. He took a leading part in establishing 
the water-works, the New Hampshire Fire Insurance Company, and the city library. 
He was among the very first manufacturers in the country, and an important adviser 
in the construction of fhe buildings of the Exposition at Philadelphia in 1876. He 
woxUd have been a leader in any community and any department of business in which 
he might engage. He had the rare ability of mastering any subject he undertook to 



ADDRESS BY HON. DAVID CROSS. 165 

investigate. In the manufacture and use of machinery, in the construction of mills 
and the application of \vater-power, or in the use of light and heat, he was an expert. 
As a legislator and governor of the state he commanded universal respect. 

James A. "Weston, born on a farm in the south part of the city, sjient his life here, 
■n-ith the exception of two or three years about 1850. As a civil engineer, mayor of the 
city, governor of the state, in all his duties as a citizen, and in all positions of trust, he 
commanded and well deserved the high regard of the city and state. The city fittingly 
laid the corner-stone yesterday, upon Oak hill, of the observatory which he left the 
means to build. 

Xfoody Currier was here in 1S46, and still lives in serene old age to enjoy these 
anniversary celebrations. As a man of large literary culture, and writer of prose and 
Terse, he is well known. As a banker, a financier, chief magistrate of the state, as a 
liberal giver to our city library and in many positions of important trust he has com- 
manded universal respect. 

To these four men, with Xathan Parker, David Gillis, Alpheus Gay, and raanj' others 
who ^^•ere here in 1846, and others who came within a few years later, we are indebted 
largely for what Manchester is today. Many other men of the past who did noble work 
and achieved fortune and honor to themselves and the city I would be glad to speak 
of particularly, but time will not permit. 

Of the lawyers. Samuel D. Bell, attorney and chief justice of the supreme court. 
United States senator for ten years and judge of the United States district court; 
George W. Morri.son, attorney and member of congress: William C. Clarke, attorney, 
judge of probate, and attorney-general, and Herman Foster — all were superior men in 
their profession, and achieved wide reputation and renown throughout the state. Of 
the business men, J. T. P. Hunt. A. Bunton, Moses Fellows, Hiram Brown, Levi Sargent, 
AVilliam Shepard. William W. Wallace, George W. Thayer, John C. Young, John Plummer, 
John P. Adriance, Kidder & Dunckley, Hartshorne & Tufts, John H. Moore, William H. 
Elliott, John Mooar. Eben Ferren. .John B. Goodwin, John A. Perry, George P. Folsom, 
H. G. Connor, Porter & Searle, John Jlahaffy, Alonzo Smith, J. H. Barnes, George A. 
Barnes, William A. Putnej', Nathan Parker. Of the physicians, Josiah Crosby, John S. 
Elliott, M. G. J. Tewksbury, Z. Colburn. Charles Wells, W. W. Brown. Amos G. Gale. 
Of the clergymen, Kev. Dr. Wallace, Rev. Jfr. Tillotson, and Father JfacDonald. 

If I were writing the historj' of the past fifty years, I might give sketches of many 
men. I might tell of the eloquence and remarkable life of Rev. Dr. Wallace; of the long, 
faithful, and self-sacrificing life of Father MacDonald: I might amuse by the wise 
sayings of Bund3- the barber, and .Tohn Sullivan Wiggin the hatter; I might tell of "The 
Gleaner" newspaper and the exciting slander suits growing out of its publication; of the 
Parker murder and the long trial before the police court, in which were engaged as 
counsel President Pierce, Senator Charles G. Atherton. Benjamin F. Butler. B. F. Ayer, 
and Daniel Clark. All these things I must leave to the future historian. 

The sketch of Horace Greeley, as related by one of our best writers, gives a correct 
idea of nearly all the young men of New England birth who came here to seek a home 
during the twentj- years between 1836 and 1856, in which he says: "The son of a Xew 
Hampshire farmer, whose best exertions could barely provide the simplest necessaries 
for his family, educated mainly by his mother, and comiielled while yet a boy to assist 
his parents bj' his labor and wages, enduring iirivation and hardship that he might send 
them a larger sum oi his earnings, his kindly and sympathetic nature absorbed that 
knowledge of struggling humanity and cultivated that sympathy with suffering which 
furnished the mainspring of his future activity. Hope and oppoi'tunity are the only 
capital of millions of 3oung men, to whom the story of Horace Greeley is both lesson 
and guide." 

I hold in my hand the directory published in the fall of lS4fi. The whole number of 
its pages is 148. This other directory of 1806 contains 6TS pages. The number of 



166 SEMI-CEXTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

persons by the name of Smith in 1S46 was 45; in 1890, 14S. The number of lawyers in 
1846 was 13; in ISOfi, 59. The number of physicians in 1846 was 23; in 1896, 86. The 
number of dentists in 1846 was 3; in 1896, 24. The number of churches in 1846 was 11; 
in 1896, 32. The number of nig-ht police in 1846 was 4; in 1890, 21. The number of vol- 
umes in the library in 1846, 2,000; in 1896, 40,000. The number of people employed for 
the Amoskeag Company and machine shop in 1840 was 940; in 1896, 8,000. 

The valuation of all property in 1846 was $3,187,726, and the whole amount of taxes 
collected $22,005.95. The rate of taxation, however, that year, was $2.10, being a higher 
rate than the present. The valuation in 1896 is $29,361,418, and taxes for this year 
$547,052.22. The population in 1846 was 10,000; in 1896, 55,000. 

So far as I can loarn there ai-e only three people now in active business here who 
were in business in 1846. These three are John Mooar. AVilliam H. Elliott, and a lawyer 
in Patten's block. Of the members of the first city government, only three survive. 

It is said of one of the Roman emperors that he found Home a city of brick and left 
it a city of marble. The men and women who have gathered here upon the Iferrimack 
river from time to time during the last sixty years found it inhabited by a few people 
who caught fish at the Amoskeag falls, conveyed through the Merrimack river lumber 
and merchandise to Boston, a sparse population of small farmers living in cheap, 
unfurnished houses, obtaining a precarious livelihood by whatever means they could in 
such a poverty-bearing locality. The early settlers of 1835 and later found it such, and 
by their enterprise and energy, and by the help of foreign capital and by the inflow of 
people from all nationalities, they have made this one of the most attractive cities in 
the country. In its well laid out streets, commons, and parks, adorned with trees, in its 
elegant dwelling houses and comfortable homes for all classes, in its library and 
schools, in its churches and clergymen, and in its railroad facilities, its means of 
transportation by electric railway, in its electric lighting, in its numerous societies for 
culture in literature, art, and science, it equals any city of its age and population in the 
United States. 

Jlr. Gladstone, a few years ago, said: "If I hail to select from the half century of 
the recorded past time the fifty years in which to pass my public life I would choose fifty 
in which I have worked. It would be fifty years of emancipation." I think each of us 
can say: If I were to select tifty years of the recorded past time I would agree with Mr. 
Gladstone and say that the past fifty years have been the best of all. It is true undoubt- 
edly that if each of those who commenced in the early days of this city had had the oppor- 
tunity to select and the means to live he might not have selected Manchester as a 
permanent residence; but it is true that although Manchester at first was uninviting 
we may congratulate ourselves that by the efforts of men who have lived here for the 
past fifty years a beautiful city has been built which today offers a place of residence 
as inviting as any in the country. 

Have any of you considered the progress made during the past fifty years compared 
with any prior fifty years in the history of the world? Have you thought of the advan- 
tages we have over those who lived before 1S46? lint few inventions were made prior to 
the nineteenth century. It is said the eighteenth century produced only two inventions 
in this country, Franklin's lightning rod and a machine for manufacturing nails. During 
the past fifty years, or little more, the telegraph, the telephone, the steam ship, farming 
implements, electric lighting, electric roads, and the bicycle, — over a hundred, and I 
might say a thousand, of inventions for the advancement of mankind in knowledge (ind 
the means of living have been made. 

It is not, however, in material prosperity alone that wc, with others, have improved. 
We have more comfortable and more commodious homes, we have better food, we have 
.shorter hours of labor, laborers are better jiaid and better cared for, their rights and 
interests are l)ettcr i)rotectcd by legislation and by public sentiment. Every man in 



POEM BY MRS. E. P. OFFUTT. 167 

the community has a better opportunity to improve himself and to support his family. 
If we visit the schools and hospitals, the innumerable charities which appeal to us 
from all sides, if we visit the poorfarms and the homes of the poor, we find a greater 
advance than in five hundred years before. I have never seen this idea better expressed 
than in the recent address of Lord Russell, chief justice of England, before the American 
Bar Association at Saratoga last month. He said: "It is not dominion, wealth, material 
luxury; nay, not even a great literature and education widespread — good though those 
things be. Its true signs are thought for the poor and sutfering, chivalrous regard and 
respect for woman, the frank recognition of human brotherhood, irrespective of race or 
color or nation or religion, the narro\ving of the domain of main force as a governing 
factor in the world, the love of ordered freedom, abhorrence of what is mean and cruel 
and vile, ceaseless devotion to the claims of justice." 

Fellow citizens, to some of us the.se days of celebration bring tender memories. We 
remember those who were in active life in 1S46, and who served their day and gener- 
ation well, and have departed. We recall broken homes and some sad lives all along 
the flying years. All these past fifty years, with the rush and hurry of busy life, with 
the struggles and failures and successes of those who have been with us, are with 
us again, while there are some thoughts of sadness; yet, on the whole, we have great 
occasion for joy and rejoicing. We found this place poor, desolate, and uninviting. 
We give it to our children and to those of the coming time a beautiful city. The next 
fifty years has more of hope and promise than the past. Fortunate are you who have 
come to the inheritance of this our beloved city of Manchester. Hail and congratu- 
lations to those here now, and to the thousands who shall live here during the next 
fifty years! 

Eemarks were made by Hon. Isaac W. Sniith, Prof. Charles H. Pettee, Eev. 
A. C. Coult, Hon. Joseph Kidder, and Joseph E. Bennett. 

The following lines, written for the occasion by Mrs. E. P. Offnttj-83 years old, 
were read by Mrs. B. M. Leavenworth, Lancaster, N. H.: 

POEM BY MRS. E. P. OFFUTT. _ _, 

At the opening of this fiftieth year, 

As we stand upon its brink. 
With the old jears close behind us. 

We pause awhile to think. 

We see that our past endeavors 

Are not what we meant to do. 
Mistakes we have made so often 

In the years we have passed through. 

So we think of future conduct 

How brave and true we'll be; 
How kind our every action 

In the 3ears we live to see. 

The past is ours no longer. 

Its record now is sealed. 
The hand of God has done it. 

It cannot be repealed. 



168 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

The future lies before us, 

It is beyond our reach; 
In vain we seek to pierce it. 

Its lessons, who can teach? 



1 
IJiit the present is our treasure, ( 

JS'one can take it from our g'rasp; ^ 

Let us prize it while we have it, i 

And ne'er unloose our clasp. 

May lie to whom the future 

And the i)ast alike are one, 
Teaeh us our days to number 

In the service of His Son. 

May each day, eaclx liour, each moment, 

Find us faithful at our post, j 

Striviii<>- to improve our talent, i 

Makinsf of its gift the most. 

Jn lifty years our city's f,'-rown 

'Neath God's safe guiding- hand, ' 

From a simple country village, 

To the foremost in the land. 

AVith wondrous growth comes service 

And duties laid on all 
AVho love their city's welfare, 

And listen to her call. 

God grant us all the courage ' 

To live and vote and pray j 

As those who wish that Manchester , 

Be blessed of God alway. 1 

1 

The meeting closed with the singing of "iroine, Sweet Home" and the beuedic- I 

tion pronounced by I?ov. A. C. Coult. ' I 



i^' 



:"!>« 




HON. GEORGE 0. GILMORE, 

HISTORIAN OLD RESIDENTS' ASSOCIATION. 





FRED L.i.WALLACE. 
CORRESPONDING SECRETARY OF COMMITTEE. 



DAVID L. PERKINS. 

SECRETARY OLD RESIDENTS ASSOCIATICN. 



170 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9. 

Wednesday, September 9, the old residents met in city hall to perfect the organ- 
ization of an old residents' association. David L. Perkins called the meeting to 
order, and Hon. Joseph Kidder was chosen chairman. The following were 
appointed to present a list of officers and a constitution and by-laws: Henry A. Far- 
rington, Joseph E. Bennett, Horace Pettee, Mrs. M. A. Adams, Urs. Sarah E. 
Thompson, Mrs. S. B. Harris, Alphcus Gav, George C. Gilmore, A. J. Lane, William 
P. Merrill. 

The committee reported the following list of officers: 

President, Joseph Ividder; vice-jtresidents, W. P. ilenill. Alphcus Gay: .sec- 
retary, David L. Perkins; treasurer, A. J. Lane; historian, George C. Gilmore; 
executive committee, Warren Harvey, Jose])h E. Bennett, Horace Pettee, Ignatius 
T. Webster, Charles K. Walker, Charles S. Fisher, Augustus G. Stevens. J[rs. L. S. 
Proctor, Mrs. Mary A. (Bailey) Adams. 

This report was accepted and the jiersons named were unanimously elected. 

It was then voted unanimously to adojit the luidge worn at this celebration l)y 
the old residents as the official badge of the association, and motions were carried 
extending the thanks of the non-residents to the committee in charge of this depart- 
ment, and to the resident members of the association, for many courtesies received; 
to Warren Harvey and to his sub-comiiiittecs, and to the city of Maiirhcstcr for the 
many courtesies extended. 

The constitution adopted jn-ovides that the organization sliall be known as: 
the "Old Eesidents' Association of Manchester, N. PL" Any person of good char- 
acter, who was domiciled in Manchester as early as 1840, whether that residence has 
been continuous or not, nuiy become a member. New members Tnay be admitted 
when they shall have attained the fifty years' limit prescribed for the original Semi- 
centennial members, it being designed to make the membership progressive and the 
life of the association perpetual. The objects of the association shall be the culti- 
vation of social relations, the collection and preservation of historical data that may- 
be of future use, and the holding of meetings at least once a year for literary, musical, 
and social purposes. The association had two hundred charter members. 

The first anniversary of the Old Residents' Association was held in city hall on 
Wednesday, September 8, 1897, the committee on program consisting of President 
Joseph Kidder, Warren Harvey, William 1*. Merrill, Jfrs. ^fary .\. Adams, and ^[rs. 
Luther S. Proctor. The officers were re-elected. 

The following is a complete list of persons who resided in Jfanchester in 184G, 
or before that time, as compiled from the registration book, placed by Mayor Clarke 
in the city clerk's office previous to the celebration, and from the names in the 
register of the Old Residents' Association. ^lany of these people live in distant 
parts of the U'nion today, but nearly all of them returned to Manchester and were 
present at the exercises uhidi tiiarkiMl brr iroldni jubilee. 



RESIDENTS OF MANCHESTER IN 1846. 



171 



RESIDENTS OF MANCHESTER IN 1846 OR PREVIOUS TO THAT TIME. 



Abbott, Edward P., 1S41. 

Abbott, Mrs. Susan (Stark), 1834. 

Abbott, Mrs. W. O., 1846. 

Abrams, Jerusha E. S., 1840. 

Adams, Charles G., 1S45. 

Adams, Mrs. Frances Sarali (Webster), 1842 

*Adams, George W., 1846. 

*Adams, ilrs. G. W., 1846. 

Adams, Harriet (Newell), 1830. 

Adams, ilrs. Julia (Ware), 1S45. 

Adams. Mrs. ^Mary Alma (Bailey), 1S44. 

Adams, May F. (Webster). 1843". 

Aldrich, Eliza L. (Hurlburtt), 1842. 

Aldricli, ilrs. Parmelia (Ware), 1843. 

Allen, Georgia (.\dams), 1844. 

Allison, Andrew, 1842. 

Allison, George A., 1846. 

Allison, Ignatius. 1846. 

Allison, Mary A. D., 1846. 

Ames. Mrs. .Vdeline M., 1836. 

Arasden. ilrs. Edna (Davis). 

Annis, Zebina, 1844. 

Ashton, Mary E. 

Atherton. Mrs. Laura (Jenkins), 1839. 

Atwood. Arianna J. (Hannaford), 1846. 

Austin, Mary L. 

Austin, Sarah E., 1845. 

Avarv. Fabian, 1837. 

Babb. Emeline A., 1840. 

Bagley, Mrs. Edna A. (Brown), 1827. 

Bailey, Mrs. Abigail, 1845. 

Bailev, Edward L., 1841. 

Bailev. Frances E. (Parker), 1842. 

Bailev, Marv .\nn (Stevens), 1829. 

Baker, Charles X., 184.5. 

Baker, Davis, 1845. 

Baker, Edwin N., 1845. 

Baker, George W., 1837. 

Baker, Julia A., 1832. 

Baker, Mrs. Lizzie (Stearns), 1846. 

*Baker, Nathaniel, 1819. 

Baker. Willard S., 1824. 

Balch. Fred B., 1844. 

Baldwin, David B., 1838. 

Baldwin, Edwin T., 1842. 

Baldwin. Samuel A., 1839. 

Barker. Abram L., 1843. 

Barr, Mrs. Maria F. 

Barrett. Sarah A. (Preston), 1835. 

Bartlett. Charles H.. 184 1. 

Bartlett. Mrs. Ezra W., 1846. 

Bartlett, Mrs. Mary F. (Locke), 1835. 

Bartlett, Mrs. Susan N. 

Batchelder, J. W., 1845. 

Batchelder, Maria S. (Marshall). 

Batchelder, Richard N.. 1841. 

Batchelder, Sarah B., 1845. 

Batchelder, Mrs. S. J., 1845. 

Batchelder, S. H., 1845. 

Bean, Electa C, 1840. 

* Deceased since signing registration book. 



Bean, Lydia A., 1839. 

Bennett^ Mrs. Henry, 1846. 

Bennett, Joseph E., 1841. 

Bennett, Mrs. Melinda L., 1843. 

Bennett, Stephen M., 1839. 

Bixbv, .\ugustus H., 1846. 

Bixby. Mary L. (.Shepard), 1839. 

Blanchard. "Mrs. (J. M.. 1844. 

Bodwell, .\lpheiis. 1845. 

Bonney, ilrs. Thomas, 1846. 

Boyce, Newell, 1835. 

Boyce, Mrs. N. E., 1845. 

Boyd. Charles W., 1830. 

Boyd, Gustie A., 1839. 

Bovd. Sarah C. (Robinson), 1842. 

Bo"vd. William. 1839. 

Bradford, Elizabeth (Woodbury), 1838. 

Brigham, Albert, 1842. 

Brigham. Mrs. Caroline F., 1835. 

Bri'ij-ham. J. A.. 1839. 

Brockwav, Mrs. Sarah (McQueston). 1845. 

Brooks, Sirs. Eliza A. (Kennard), 1842. 

Brooks, Mrs. Marietta (Cheney), 1835. 

Brown, .\. K.. 1840. 

Brown, Mi.ss Cynthia .\.. 1842. 

Brown, Mrs. Emily P. (Clough). 

Brown, Frances A., 1844. 

Brown, Groves, 1832. 

Brown, G. D., 1845. 

Brown, Mrs. Harriet W. (Wiggin), 1840. 

Brown, Henry S.. 1839. 

Brown, James S., 1844. 

Brown. Laura (.Vustin). 1846. 

Brown, Miss M. A., 1840. 

Hrown. Xancv E. (Ladd), 1844. 

Brown, Mrs. Susan P.. 1834. 

Brvant, Edward C, 1845. 

Br'vant. Mrs. N. H., 1842. 

Brvant, Samuel, 1839. 

*Bunton, Andrew, 1842. 

Bunton. Nancy S.. 1838. 

Burleigh. Mrs. Lucretia L. (Ordway). 1844. 

Burnham. Jlrs. N. S.. 1844. 

Burns, ilrs. .\deline (Wyatt). 

Burns. Mrs. Sarah (Wyatt). 

Burpee, Elias, 1845. 

Burpee, Mrs. Eliza A., 1846. 

Bursiel. Mrs. Laura, 1840. 

Bush. Elzira E. (Wilson). 1843. 

nu.swell. Mrs. Marv L. (Hutchinson), 1842. 

Button, C. G., 1841. 

Buzzell. Mrs. Mary A. (Francis), 1841. 

Calef. Eliza Jane. 1829. 

Campbell. Eliza F. (Hunter), 1845. 

Campbell, Luther, 1838. 

Campbell. William. 1839. 

Carpenter. Mrs. C. D.. 1841. 

Carpenter. Mrs. Frances v^Jtitterson) , 1841. 

Carpenter. Olive S., 1845. 

Carr, James, 1845. 



RESIDENTS OF MANCHESTER IN 1846. 



173 



Carr, Samuel S., 1840. 

Carr, William, 1845. 

Carter, Mrs. Martha J. (Dickey). 

Carswell, Mrs. Hannah K. (Heath), 1838. 

Carswell, Uriah A., 1844. 

Gate, Brackett J., 1843. 

Gate, James G., 1843. 

Caswell, Mrs. Mary E. (Hunt), 1846. 

Ca.swell, Melissa A., 1842. 

Caverlev, Charles H., 1845. 

Caverlev, Mrs. Nancy E., 1837. 

Gayzer,'Mrs. Mary A. (Parker), 1833. 

Chandler, John, 1S45. 

Chandler, Katherine J., 1844. 

Chapman, Mary S. 

Chase, C. C., 1845. 

Chase, Mrs. Hannah (Waklron), 1846. 

Chase, John N., 1840. 

Cheney, James. 

Cheney, Thomas C., 1842. 

Chesw'ell, Plummer, 1843. 

Cheswell, ilrs. I'lummer, 1842. 

Chickering-, Mrs. George E., 1844. 

Childs, William F., 1839. 

Cillev, Ang-eline (Baldwin), 1838. 

Cilley, Mrs. Eliza A., 1845. 

CilleV, Mrs. Lizzie D., 1845. 

Glaflin, John N., 1844. 

Claflin, Preston, 1S44. 

Clark, Frank J. 

Clark, John, 1843. 

Clark, Josiah, 1839. 

Clark, Noah S., 1845. 

Glatur, Silas C., 1844. 

Clement, Addie M. (Haynes), 1846. 

Clement, Charles P., 1846. 

Clement, Jivs. Harvey A., 1842. 

Clement, Ursula G. (Adams), 1842. 

Clough, C. E. W., 1844. 

dough, Mrs. Catherine B., 1844. 

Clough, Mrs. Jane M., 1844. 

Cloug-h, Harrison M., 1845. 

Clough, JIrs Nancy E. (Locke), 1842. 

Clough, Mrs. Sarah (Eaton), 1844. 

Coburn, Mrs. Sarah P., 1S18. 

Cody, Mrs. Ellen (Cog-lin), 1845. 

Cochrane, Irene A. (Stokes), 1843. 

Cogswell, Edward P., 1846. 

Cogswell, Martha K. M., 1843. 

Colburn, Mrs. J. Maria (Morse), 1841. 

Colburn, Mrs. Mary A., 1831. 

Colby, Albert P., 1841. 

Colby, Mrs. Charlotte M. (Emerson), 1830. 

Colby, Mrs. James W., 1845. 

Colby, Moses F., 1842. 

Colby, Washington, 1848. 

Cole, Samuel M., 1844. 

Colley, Charles R., 1836. 

Colley, Louisa (Stark), 1826. 

Collins, David W., 1840. 

Colt, ilarv Frances (Johnson), 1845. 

Colt, James W., 1836. 

Comfort, Joseph, 1840. 

•Deceased since signing registration bcok. 



Conant, Mrs. Lettie A., 1837. 

Cone, Helen M. (Wilson), 1839. 

Congdon. Miss Helen, 1841. 

Corning-, D. L., 1837. 

Corning, Eben. 

Corniui;-, Harrison, 1822. 

Connor. Sarah A. T., 1843. 

Coult, Anson C., 1836. 

Craig, Charles A., 1845. 

Craig-, (ieula A., 1846. 

Craig, Isaac S., 1845. 

Craig, John P., 1845. 

Craig, Mrs. Maria A., 1S43. 

Craig-, Mary, 1845. 

Crawford, Benjamin W., 1844. 

Cressey, Mrs. ilary (Young), 1836. 

Crockett. Nancy (Harvey), 1831. 

Crosby, James W., 1845. 

Crosbv, Mrs. James W., 1844. 

*Crosl\v. Mary J., 1830. 

Cross, David, 1S44. 

Cross, George H., 1841. 

Cross, Ira, 1841. 

Cross, Joseph, 1841. 

Cross, Levi, 1830. 

Currier, M. Augusta, 1842. 

Currier, Moody, 1841. 

Currier, W. A., 1845. 

Curtis, Mrs. James, 1846. 

Gushing, John, 1843. 

Dakin, Edward A., 1845. 

Dakin, Martha E.. 1841. 

Danforth, Harriet E., 1836. 

Davis, Daniel, 1840. 

Davis, George W., 1836. 

Davis, John, 1833. 

Davis, Moses B., 1844. 

Davis, Sarah A. 

Davis, Sophia, 1846. 

Day, Mrs. Frances J. (Fogg), 1845. 

Dejardnier, Mrs. Adeline, 1831. 

Demary, George T., 1846. 

Dickey, Mrs. Ann (Davis), 1827. 

Dickey, Chauncey C, 1838. 

Dickey, Daniel H., 1830. 

Dickey, David, 1835. 

Dickey, John W.. 1834. 

Dickey, Mary (Worthen), 1844. 

Dickey, Robert M., 1838. 

Dimic'k, Mrs. John E., 1844. 

Dimond. Mrs. Thirza J. (Hannaford), 1846. 

Doble, Olive J. (Ayer), 1844. 

*Dodge, Mrs. Addie H. (James), 1840. 

Dodge, Eliza A., (Batchelder), 1823. 

*Dodge, George W., 1845. 

Dodge, Jonathan, 1844. 

Dodge, Mrs. Jerusha (Edgerly), 1840. 

DollofF. Mrs. Nancy J. (Farmer), 1843. 

Dorr, Mrs. E. L. (Worthley), 1846. 

Dorr, George H., 1838. 

Dow, Mrs. Alfred, 1845. 

Dow, Israel, 1838. 

Dow, Mrs. Israel, 1846. 



174 



SEMI-CEXTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. H. 



Downer, Mrs. Harriet (Kidder), 1846. 

Downs. >rrs. Charles, i^ii'.i. 

Dre%v. Charles C, 1838. 

Drew. Henrv Lanfrdon, IS.fS. 

Dudley, Sarah 1'. (Fellows), 1S40. 

Diinlai), Mrs. Helen (Kinsley), 1845. 

Dunn, Mrs. Mary, 1S40. 

Dyer, Mrs. Mieah, Jr., 1839. 

Eaton, Climenia H. (Davis), 1831. 

Eaton, Mary Ann (I'afje). 1839. 

Eastman. Linnie M., 184.1. 

Eastman, Scott S.. 1844. 

Edg-erly, Clarence M., 1845. 

Edfferly, Mintie C. 184.->. 

Edlefson, Alethena (Hartshorn), 1846. 

Edmunds. Mrs. Lucy A., 1838. 

Edwards. Eben B.. 1842. 

Edwards, Mrs. Ebcn T., 1842. 

Ellenwood, Mrs. Eveline, 1841. 

p:iliot, (ieorg-e F., 1844. 

Elliott, William H., 1840. 

Emerson, Mrs. .\nibia J., 1838. 

Emerson, Mrs. Julia A. (.\yers), 1844. 

Emerson, Mrs. Mary G., 1839. 

Emenson, Ursnla H.", 1836. 

Emery, Charles P., 1846. 

Emery, Mrs. Emma E., 1846. 

Emery, J. D.. 1844. 

Enpland, James H., 1842. 

England. Helen A., 1844. 

English. A. T., 1845. 

Eng-lish, E. B., 1844. 

Estabrook, Mrs. Elvira E. (Emerson), 1S39. 

Evans, \Villiam T., 1845. 

Evans, Mrs. William T., 1844. 

*Fairbanks. Alfred G., 1843. 

Fairbanks, Volnev W., 1845. 

Earmer, C. W., 1846. 

Earmer. Elbridge S. 

Farmer, Miss E. A., 1824. 

Earmer, Mrs. Hannah. 

Farmer. Mrs. Lueinda L. (Patten), 1846. 

Earnham. Mrs. Mary E. (Hartford). 1845. 

Farrie, i^arney, 1845. 

Farrington, Henry A., 1846. 

Felch, Mt-s. Charlotte, 1844. 

Fellows. Mrs. Catherine (Colby), 1840. 

Fellows. O. P., 1840. 

Ferren, Clarissa, 1846. 

Ferren. Eben, 1845. 

*Ferren. Joseph, 1845. 

Ferren, J[rs. .Joseph, 1844. 

Ferren. William. 1846. 

Ferson, Mrs. W. D., 1839. 

Fisher. Caroline M. (Dickens). 

Fisher, Charles S., 1839. 

Fisher. Henry W., 1835. 

Fisher. I'hinehas G., 1845. 

Fisk. Wilbur, 1846. 

Fitch. Sarah E.. 1845. 

Fitch, Mrs. Susan P., 1845. 

Fitts, Frank W., 1846. 

Fitzsimmons, John, 1845. 

•Deceased since signing registration book. 



Flantlers, Mrs. Josephine (Harvey), 1845. 

Flanders, .Mary J., 1S41. 

Flaiulers. Sarah (Bean). 1844. 

Fletcher. .Mrs. Lu<-retia (Merrill). 1846. 

Flet<hcr. .Mrs. Xellie A. (Clough), 1846. 

Fletcher, Mrs. J. W. 

Fogg, (ieorge W. 

*Fogg. .lames, 1841. 

Fogg. Josephine (Smith). 1839. 

Fogg, Miriam (Emerson), 1845. 

Folsom, James A., 1845. 

Folsom, John S., 1845. 

Folsom. Mrs. Martha (Field.s), 1845. 

Forsaith. Mrs. Cynthia. 1841. 

Forsaith. Hiram. 1S4(). 

Foss. Mrs. A. B.. 1845. 

Eoss, Flizabeth A. (Gilmore), 1832. 

Foss. Mrs. H.. 1829. 

Foss, Laurentine K., 1841. 

Foss. .Mary P., 1845. 

Foss. Salome B., 1845. 

Foster. Mrs. Martha P... 1844. 

Foye. John, 1845. 

Fowler, Helen U.. 1844. 

French, Mrs. C. A., 1845. 

French, Isabella W., 1840. 

French, Luther II.. 1840. 

Fullerton. Mrs. IJ. ]M. (Adams), 1833. 

Furnald. Lydia IL. 1846. 

Gage. William C, 1844. 

Gamble, Kleanor, 1830. 

Gamble. Mary IL. 1843. 

Garman. Elbridge G.. 1839. 

tiaskill. Martha A. (Webster), 1846. 

Gault, Mrs. Phoebe A. (Colby). 

Gav, .Vlpheus, 1841. 

George, Charles W., 1841. 

George, ILiry E., 1845. 

George, Maria J., 1839. 

Gibson, A. W., 1840. 

Gilbert, Edward, 1851. 

Gilford, Frank L.. 1846. 

Gillis, Mrs. .Joseph, 1845. 

Gillis. Marv B. (Houghlin), 1845. 

Gillis. Mrs.' Michael. 1845. 

fiillis. Terrcnce. 1S45. 

Gilmore, Charles F., 1834. 

Gilmore, Daniel S.. 1841. 

Gilmore, George C, 1832. 

Gilmore, James S.. 1835. 

Gilmore, Lucy A., 1841. 

Gilmore, William A., 1830. 

Gilmore, W. IL, 1833. 

Glines, Eliza (Cody), 1845. 

Glover, William, 1845. 

Ciooden, !Mrs. Georgia (Fellows), 1845. 

Goodhue. Olive R., 18.39. 

Goodwin, George W., 1S44. 

Goodwin, Harvey. 1845. 

Goodwin, Joseph, 1846. 

Goodwin, Mrs. Lucv Ann (Challis), 1S36. 

Goodwin. William, 'l845. 

Gordon, Mrs. Horace, 1840. 



RESIDENTS OF MANCHESTER IN 1846. 



175 



lioss, Lucretia 51., 1840. 
Gould, Daniel C, 1841. 
Gould, Cordelia M.. 1S44. 
Gould, George G., 1844. 
Greeley, Miss Nancy, 1846. 
Greelev, Oliver, 1843. 
Greeley, William E., 1S44. 
Greene, Benjamin W., 1825. 
Greene, Mrs. Irene A. (Stearns), 1S43. 
Greenough, Mrs. ISancy B. (Towne), 1839. 
Griffin, Jane C, 1841. 
Guelpa, Mrs. Susan B., 1844. 
Gustine, Edward, 1842. 
Hackett, Mrs. Mary E., 1846. 
Hadley, D. P., 1843. 
Hadley, Lovina (Brown), 1821. 
Hadley, Mary A. (Dow), 1838. 
Haines, George K., 1840. 
Hall. Augusta S., 1845. 
Hall. Elizabeth W., 1829. 
Hall. Hannah D., 1844. 
Hall, Harriet F., M. D., 1843. 
Hall, .Tames, 2d, 1816. 
Hall, James M., 1846. 
Hall, John D., 1839. 
Hall. Martha Dixon, 1840. 
Hall, McGregor, 1S25. 
Hall, Robert, 1819. 
«Hanaford, Abial A., 1846. 
Hanaford, David P., 1846. 
Hanson. Mrs. Elizabeth T. (Hurlburtt), 1844 
Hardv, Mrs. Mary E., 1835. 
Hardy, Ephraim T., 1840. 
Hardy, Mrs. Olivia (Johnson), 1839. 
Hardv, Orison. 

Hardy, Sarah J. (Holmes), 1845. 
Harrington, Mrs. S. C., 1838. 
Harriman, Charles C, 1841. 
Harriman, James O., 1841. 
Harriman, JIary A., 1818. 
Harriman, iirs." Robert, 18(6. 
Harriman, Mrs. ^ erona (Banfill), 1844. 
Harris, Daniel W., 1833. 
Harris, Mary A. (Webster). 1836. 
Harris. Mrs. Regina (Merrill), 1841. 
Harris, Simon B., 1846. 
Hartshorn, Mrs. E. M., 1828. 
Harvey, Charles E. 
Harvey, Cleaves N., 1841. 
Harvey, Mrs. Mary A. (Nutt), 1844. 
Harvey, Sallie S. 

Harvey, Susanna (Stevens), 1824. 
Harvey, Warren, 1837. 
Harwood, Mrs. Sarah A., 1839. 
Haselton, Harrison W., 1837. ^ 
Haselton, Henry I. 
Haselton, Leonard, 1821. 
Haselton, Robert K., 1840. 
Haselton, Sarah A. (Messer), 1840. 
Hatch, Mrs. Almira, 1843. 
Haynes, Mrs. Abbie M., 1839. 
Head, Caroline S. (Gamble), 1835. 
Heath, Amos, 1846. 

* Deceased since signing registration book. 



Heath, Carlos, 1845. 

Heath, Mrs. Clara B., 1846. 

Heath, Elizabeth J. (Emerson), 1843. 

Heath, Mrs. J. N., 1845. 

Heath, Levi D., 1845. 

Heath, Thorndike P., 1846. 

Herrick, Hannah (Webster), 1842. 

Herrick, Henry W., 1843. 

Heselton, Reuben, 1837. 

Hill. Azariah B., 1839. 

Hill, Charles M., 1842. 

Hill, Mrs. Georgie C, 1845. 

Hill, Hannah, 1839. 

Hill, Hiram, 1845. _ 

Hill, Hiram S., 1846. 

Hill, Mrs. Julia A., 1846. 

Hill. Samuel H., 1839. 

Hill, Varnum IL, 1846. 

Hodge, Eliza J. (Colby), 1842. 

llolden, Mrs. Ellen B., 1845. 

Holmes, Charlotte A., 1840. 

Holmes, George S., 1844. 

Holmes, Mrs. Mary A., 1845. 

Hope, Samuel B., 1845. 

Howlett, Enos C, 1845. 

Hoyt, Mrs. Carrie R. (Hutchinson), 1846. 

Hovt, Catherine (Horr), 1841. 

Hovt, Mrs. Mary E. (Clifford), 1843. 

Hoyt, ilrs. Sarah C, 1844. 

Hubbard. Mrs. Laura A., 1840. 
. Hunt, Mrs. Hattie A. (Richards), '844. 

Hunt, J. C, 1843. 

Hunt, Mrs. J. T. P., 1838. 

Hunt, M. O. A., 1840. 

Hunt, Nathan P., 1844. 

Hunton, Hollis C, 1845. 

Huntress, Mrs. Carrie L. 

Huntress, Hnbbart H., 1843. 

Kurd, Charles W., 1841. 

Huse, Harvey, 1844. 

Huse, Isaac,' 1810. 

Hu.se, J. Byron, 1841. 

Hutchinson, Mrs. Frank, 1845. 

Hutchinson, Gustavus B., 1842. 

Hutchinson, J. A., 1840. 

Hutchinson, John G., 1843. 

Jackson, Mrs. Amanda M. (Fogg), 1845. 

James, Mrs. George P., 1840. 

James, Mrs. Harriet, 1842. 

James, Mary (Marshall), 1839. 

Jenkins, Elizabeth (Stevens), 1820. 

Jenkins, George, 1840. 

Jenkins, Joel, 1840. 

Jewell, Mrs. Laura E. (Currier), 1842. 

Johnson, Mrs. Abby A., 1846. 

Johnson, Mrs. Elsie, 1835. 

Johnson, Mrs. F. E. (Baker), 1845. 

Johnson, George H., 1840. 

Johnson, Mrs. Hannah (Rollins), 1828. 

Johnson, Jonathan S., 1845. 

Johnson, Mary (Davis), 1843. 

Johnson, Mary E., 1835. 

Johnson, Mary E., 1844. 



176 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF JIANCIiESTEK, N. n. 



Johnson, Nathan, Isll. 

Johnsou, William N., 1843. 

Johonnett, Mrs. Irene K. (iluntoon), is:!l. 

Jones, -Mrs. Alviua, 1840. 

Jones, Daniel, 1S40. 

Jones, Mrs. J. B., 1841. 

Jones, John B., 1S4U. 

Jones, Mrs Mary (Bartlett). 

Jones, Mrs. Sarah C. 

Jones, Sylvester, 1S40. 

Judkins, J. B., 1S43. 

Kellogg, E. Martin. 

Kendall, Ann Klizal)etli (McKean), 1841. 

Kendall, B. C, 1S45. 

Kennedy, John L., 1838. 

Keniston, Abel M., 1S41. 

Kessler, Mrs. Melinda A. (Chapman), 184G. 

Kidder, Albert, 183G. 

Kidder, Charles S., 1S28. 

Kidder, Emma (Stark), 1832. 

Kidder, Frank, 1838. 

Kidder, George W., 1835. 

Kidder, John S., 1811. 

Kidder, Joseph, 1819. 

Kidder, Leonard K., 1830. 

Kidder, Nathan P., 1844. 

Kidder. Samuel 1'., 1830. 

Kidder, Selwvn J., 184G. 

Kimball, Mrs. .\liee R. (Heseltou), 1824. 

Kimball, Kliza (Spencer), 1842. 

Kimball, Ormond D., 1838. 

Kimball, Orrin E., 1833. 

Kinsley, Benjamin, 1840. 

Kinsley, B. Prank, 1840. 

Kinsley, Mrs. Benjamin, 1840. 

♦Kinsley, Mrs. Maria (Kimball), 1842. 

Knight .'^Eranees J., 1844. 

Knowltou, William C, 1845. 

Ladd. :\lrs. W. U., 1S44. 

Ladd, William O., 1844. 

Lamson, Almira W. 

Lane, Adoniram J., 1841. 

Lane, INIrs. A. Maria (McQueston), 183G. 

Lane, D. Warren, 1842. 

Lane, Hannah M. (Smith), 1845. 

Lane, Thomas A., 1841. 

Lang, Mrs. Martha A. (Ladd), 1837. 

Langley, John F., 1845. 

Latueh, Amos, 1844. 

Latuch, Rachel, 1834. 

La Toueh, Mrs. Angeline, 1838. 

Leach, Mrs. Harriet W. (Currier), 1842. 

Leavitt, Mrs. Almira (Fogg), 1843. 

Leavitt, Mrs. Elizabeth, 1846. 

Leavitt, Edwin F., 1S4G. 

Leavitt, E. M., 1817. 

Leavitt, Josiah, 1838. 

Leighton, George A.. 1845. 

Litchfield, Ira G., 1845. 

Little, Elizabeth (Fogg), 1844. 

Little. Henry F. W., 1842. 

Littlefield, Mrs. E. P., 1843. 

Littlefield, Mrs. Josie (Tucker). 

•Deceased since signing registration boolt. 



Locke, James W., 1843. 

*Locke, Rev. William (Sherburne), 1333. 

I.oguc. Daniel A.. 1S4(;. 

Lord, llarrLson D., 1844. 

Lougee, F. C, 1844. 

Lvford, John C, 1841. 

Maeum, .Mrs. Isabella E., 1839. 

.Madden, John, 1845. 

Mahoney, John, 1S4G. 

Mahoney, Michael, 184G. 

Major, Mary M., 1839. 

Manning, Nathaniel, 1844. 

.Marden, Mrs. JIary C. (Fisher). 

Marston, Martha A., 1S4G. 

Marvell, Mrs. .\ugusta (Leavitt), 1843. 

Mav. Mrs. Maria H. (Richardson), 1814. 

McAllister, Henry S., 1840. 

.McAllister, Nan<-y M. (Page), 1844. 

.McCauley, John, 1840. 

McChire.' Mrs. David, 1844. 

M<d)onald, Daniel D., 1843. 

.McDnfKe, Hannah J. (Harris). 

Mclntire, :Mrs. Eliza Ann, 1823. 

McKean, .Mrs. Alice, 1839. 

Mct^ueston, Clinton C, 1825. 

Mc(Jueston, Elvira C. (Brooks), 1842. 

McQviesten, John K., 1842. 

McQueston, Jonathan Y., 1821. 

McC^ieston, Mary J. (Corning), 1837. 

Mc(}ueston, Mrs. S. Frances, 1837. 

Mears, Mrs. Lucretia C, 1841. 

Merrill, Amos, 1822. 

-Merrill, Laura A. (Spaulding), 1842. 

Jlerrill, .Mary J.. 1849. 

Jlerrill, William P., 1831. 

.Melcalf, Nathan H., 1841. 

Met calf, Susan N., 1841. 

Miller, Mary A. (Calef), 1832. 

Mills, Charles C, 1846. 

Mills, William, 1841. 

Mitidiell. Edward I., 1845. 

JlitchcU, Harrison, 1842. 

Mooar, John, 1846. 

Moody, Fred S., 1846. 

Moon, James M., 1846. 

Moore, Mrs. .Adeline (Emerson), 1820. 

Moore, Emma (Kidder), 1841. 

Moore, Mrs. M. Orlana, 1839. 

Moore, Sarah E., 1846. 

Moore, W'illiam E., 1841. 

Morgan, Mrs. Celenda A., 1845. 

Morgan, Reuben D., 1841. 

*Morrill, Albe, 1846. 

TMorrill. :Mrs. Charles, 1841. 

Morrill, Elizabeth W., 1843. 

Morrill, J. H., 1845. 

Morrill, Mrs. Sarah B., 1843. 

Morrill, Mrs. Sarah (Currier), 1346. 

Morrison, Thomas J., 1846. 

Morse, Daniel W., 1839. 

Morse, Fred S., 1845. 

Morse, James S., 1845. 

Morse, Mary E. (Bennett), 1843. 



RESIDENTS OF .MANCHESTER IN 1846. 



177 



Jlorse, Sarah A. (Ruiiiiells). 

Morse, .Mrs. Sarah C. (Ilannaforcl), ISH'i. 

Morse, Simon M., 1845. 

Morse, William T., Is45. 

.Moiilton, David C, 183S. 

.MoTiltoii, Hannah (Spofford), 1844. 

Mowatt, Caroline (Sonle), 1845. 

Mullen, Mrs. .Vmanda (Hill), 1843. 

-Mullins, Simon, 1824. 

AInllins, Harriet (Cheney), 1827. 

Murray, G., 1845. 

Xason, Storer, 1845. 

Kason, Susan A., 1845. 

Xeul, .'Mdanno, 1844. 

Neal, Mrs. Hannah. 

*A"eal. Walter, 1844. 

Newell, William F., 1839. 

Nichols, Mrs. Elizabeth E. (Porbush), 1841. 

Nichols, Mrs. Nellie (Qnimby), 1843. 

Norton, Benjamin F., 1845. 

Noyes, H. H., 1846. 

Nntt, David H., 1831. 

Nutt, Kodnia, 1840. 

O'Connor, Jeremiah, 1846. 

O'Connor, Mary Jane, 1845. 

Olfutt, Mr.s. Ann M., 1835. 

Offnt, Willard C, 1844. 
Oliver, >[oses W., 1842. 

Ordway, Mrs. David, 1842. 
Ordway, Mrs. Rosetta M., 1842. 

Ordway, Samuel A., 1844. 

Ordway, William S., 1844. 

Orr, Mrs. Susan A. (Scott), 1844. 

Page, Amos B., 1845. 

Page, John F., 1845. 

Page, Mrs. Sarah (Adams), 1846. 

Paige, Charles C, 1841. 

Paige, C. W., 1845. 

Paige, Mrs. D. A., 1845. 

Paige, David 0., 1841. 

*Paige. Horace C, 1828. 

Paige, John R., 1837. 

Paige, Mrs. Laura E. (Craig), 1845. 

Paige, Tarniclia J., 1845. 

Paige, Samuel B., 1841. 

Paige, Mrs. Sarah W. (Davis), 1834. 

l^ilmer, George S., 1845. 

Palmer, Susan S. (Kidder). 

I'iilnier, Mrs. W. S., 1838. 

Parker, Esther A., 1841. 

Parker, Mary A., 1823. 

I'arsons, Mr.s. S. C, 1845. 

Parsons, Lenora B., 1839. 

Parsons. Sylvester C, 1843. 

Patten, William B., 1846. 

I'atterson, Charles H., 1843. 

Patterson, J. B., 1843. 

Peabody, Mrs. H. D., 1845. 

Pearson, Mrs. Sarah B. (Page), 1841. 

Perkins, David, 1839. 

Perkins, David L., 1841. 

Perkins, David P., 1841. 

Perkins, .Joseph, 184G. 

• Deceased since signiiig rcglstn tlon book. 
12 



I'erkin.s, Nathan R., 18-10. 

I'erkins, Oscar, 1840. 

■•■I'erkins, William Dana, 1839. 

I'errv, A. F., 1842. 

Pcrr'v, Mrs. Elijah, 1845. 

Perry, Sarah A., 1837. 

I'eters, Mary (Page), 1840. 

Peterson, Mrs. Sarah J., 1843. 

Pettee, Horace, 1843. 

Pettes, Mrs. Sarah il. (Withington), 1845. 

Philbrick, B. F., 1846. 

Phil brick, Joseph J., 1845. 

I'hillips, Mary .\. (Brown), 1846. 

I'ickering, Mrs. Adeline (Stearns), 1S46. 

Pickering, L., 1843. 

Pierce, Mary Harvey, 1839. 

Pierce, Mary O. (Harvey). 

I'ike, Mrs. .S. Elizabeth, 1846. 

Pike, Francis H., 1845. 

Pillsburv, JIary A., 1841. 

Piper, Adelaide S. W., 1844. 

Piper, Emma A.' H. (Brown), 1846. 

Piper, George, 1845. 

I'iper, Marv C, 1S46. 

I'iper, Mrs." I'hilena (McAllister), 1845. 

Place, Charles L., 1841. 

Plaoe, Zelotet L., 1840. 

Plantin. Samantha E., 1844. 

Plunimer, Mrs. S. Frances (Webster), 1843. 

I'hnnnier, Mary J. 

I'ollard, Hirani L., 1845. 

Poor, Trad, 1844. 

Poor, Mrs. Irad, 1844. 

Potter, Joe H., 1844. 

Porter, Mrs. Susan S., 1818. 

Porter, B. F., 1824. 

Porter, Mrs. Susan L. (Harvcv). 1818. 

Porter, Mrs. Su.san S., 1818. 

Preston, Mrs. .Vmanda. 

Preston, Frank, 1843. 

Preston, .Jeremiah, 1845. 

Prime. Harriet K., 1843. 

Prince, Hattie (Kelsey), 1841. 

Proctor, JjUther S., 1833. 

*Proctor. John H., 1S27. 

Front, Mrs. C. M.. 1846. 

Prout, Jiichael, 1845. 

Putnam, Emma J., 1837. 

Putnam, George F., 1845. 

Putnam, Mrs. Helen Jf. (Eastman), 184S. 

Putnam. Mrs. Sarah E., 1838. 

Putnam, W. A., 1845. 

Putnam, W. H., 1846. 

I'ntney. Mrs. Mary .\., 1845. 

Putney, Solomon W., 1843. 

Qnimby, Charles W., 1835. 

Qnimby, George W., 1843. 

Quint, Mrs. T^ouisa P., 1843. 

Quiniby, Mrs. JLary E., 1843. 

Qnimby, Thomas L., 1838. 

Rand, John H., 1839. 

Randall, Mrs. Mary D., 1845. 

i:.iy. .Mrs. Georgianna (Babb), 1839. 



178 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. 11. 



Itav, John, isll. 

Kav, Kev. John \V., 1815. 

IJav, Mrs. Sariih K., 1!S44. 

IJaVmond, Albert S.. 1844. 

Kecd, Chark-s H., 1844. 

Eeed, George W., 1843. 

*l!eecl. Miss Hannah L., 1838. 

Kciily, Maurice, 1845. 

Reynolds, Mrs. Sarah S., 1S4G. 

liichards, (i. K., 1845. 

lii.hards, Mrs. Uliochi (Stephens), 1822. 

Itichards, Susan, 1844. 

Richmond, Clara K. (Uoyt), 1840. 

iJichniond, Mrs. Snsan (('ol)iirn). 1839. 

Kiddle. Mrs. KUen -M. (lirown). 1S28. 

Kiddle, Mr.s. Cilnian, ls41. 

Kichardson, Cliarles L., 1845. 

Kichardson, Mrs. E. 1'., 184.5. 

Kichardson, Edwin P., 1846. 

Kichardson, Ehnira I!, (llaradon), 1845. 

Kichardson, Franl< T. K., 1841. 

Ivichardson, (ioiirf;c \\ ., ls44. 

Kichardson, Horace L., 1844. 

Kicker, Mrs. J. C, 1841. 

Kicker, J. E.. 1844. 

Kipley, Mr.s Ksliniatc 1'.., Is40. 

Knbie, Alonzo, 1837. 

Kobie, Charles H.. 1840. 

Kobie, Eliza A.. 1841. 

Kobie, Eliza (llntchinson), 1841. 

Kobie, James, 1840. 

Kobie, John. I.~s45. 

Kobie, Mrs. Louisa J!., ISO'.I. 

Kobie, Mrs. Mary J.. 1S45. 

Kobbins, Miss Sarah, 1840. 

Kobinson, Tienjaniin \V., 1844. 

Kobinson, Mrs. Louisa .T. (Dudley), 1845. 

Kobinson. .Toshua M., 1844. 

Kog'ers, Mrs. .Mnu'da, 1836. 

Kollins, Mrs. Martha, 1845. 

Kowell, IMrs. Ann S. (Dunbar), 1840. 

Kowell, Charles A., 1844. 

Itowell, K. K., 1827. 

Kowell, Joseph E., 1842. 

Kowell, Mrs. .Mary M. ((iilliuf'hani), 1841. 

Kowell, Susan F. ((Juiniby), 1846. 

lioyce, Mrs. W. B., 1845. 

Kunirill, \olney, 1841. 

Kundlett, Eran'k L.. 1845. 

Kussell, 1. H., 1846. 

Sackeft, .Sarah J. ( Huttcrfii'ld). 

Sanderson, H. ('., 1841. 

Sanborn, Mrs. Lvdia A., 1S4:;. 

Sanborn, Mrs. .\iaria E. (ClilVonl ), 1813. 

Sargent, Charles H., 1836. 

Sargent, Charles H., Jr., 1840. 

Sarg'ent, Mrs. Carrie L. (Eastman), 1845. 

Sarg-ent, H. H., 1846. 

Sarjrent, Mrs. Levi, 1842. 

Savag-e, Mrs. .\manda (Huse), 1837. 

Sawtelle, Mrs. Martha I., 1839. 

Sawyer, Edward, 1843. 

Sawyer, Mrs. Estella E., 1840. 

t * Ueceascil since si^'iiing registration book. 



Sawyer, (ieorge li., 1S4:!. 

SawVcr. llenrv E.. 1843. 

*Sa« ver. .lose|)h K., 1843. 

Sawyer, J. IL, 1843. 

Seavey, Carlos B., 1845. 

Severance. .Mrs. Cynthia (Harvey), 1840. 

Senter. F. A., 1S4I.'. 

Shannon. Josiah S., 1>;4(J. 

Shannon. Mrs. \ernerva (Sargent), 1842. 

Shattuck. Mrs. Caroline <)., 1840. 

Shepherd. Itetsey 1!.. 1839. 

Shirlev. Amanda (Kaldwin), 1838. 

Shirley, George H.. 1830. 

Shnte. George (i.. 1843. 

Sias, Mrs. Louise, 184li. 

Silver. Mrs. Mary J., 1844. 

Silver. Keed P., 1839. 

Simons, Alfred G.. 1839. 

Simonds, Alvira (Page), 1831. 

Simonds, Elvira (I'age), 1830. 

Sleeper. Levi 11.. 1843. 

Sleejjer. .Mrs. Lydia A.. 1843. 

Sleeper. Mary L., 184.'i. 

Sleeper. Wiliiani F., 1843. 

Sloan. Mrs. Lucretia J. (Tyler), 1841. 

Smith. Amanda W. (Hrown). 1837. 

Smith, Mrs. .\manda (Kichniond), 1844. 

Smith. .\mos, 1846. 

Smith. Albert A.. 1844. 

Smith, E. S., 1840. 

Smith. F. P., 1841. 

Smith. II. M.. 1839. 

Smith, Hat tie W., 1843. 

Smith, Howard T'., 1840. 

Smidi, John C.. 1840. 

Smith. J<)si'i)h L., ls:!9. 

Smith. Airs. L. A.. 1844. 

Smith. Lucretia H., 1841. 

Smith. Mrs. Martha A., 1846. 

Smith. .Mrs. Nancy (Walker), 1829. 

Smith. Xancy W. (Ste.^rns). 

Smith. Mrs. Kebecca W. (Uichards), 1844. 

Smvth, Frederick, 1838. 

Soiirhard. Jlrs. L. A., 1843. 

Spalding, J. K. 

Spalding, Mrs. .T. K. 

Spencer. Mrs. Thankful, 1843. 

Spofford. Mrs. Anne (Wood), 1842. 

Spofford. ncnjainin. 1843. 

»Spofford. Joh'n T.. 1842. 

Spraeue. :\Irs. M. 1... 1S.39. 

Stanley. Miss Caroline M. P.. 

Stark, .\ngu.stus H., 1833. 

Stark, Charles, 1822. 

Stark. Mrs. Charles, 1822. 

Stark. Fred G., 1834. 

*.Stark. .lerome 1?.. 1825. 

Stark, Wiliiani F. 

Stearns, Charles H.. 1844. 

Stearns. Elizabeth 1!. (Webster), 1S31. 

Stearns. Mrs. Frances M. (Hi^rvev). 1845. 

Stearns, John E., 1832. 

Stearns, Mrs. Lizzie. 



RESIDENTS OF MANCHESTER IN 1846. 



179 



Steai-iis, Mrs. Martha E., 1S23. 

Stearns, Mr.s. Thebe (Rus.sell), 1835. 

Stearns, Mrs. Susau A., 1843. 

Stearns, Susan M., 183T. 

Stearns, William, 18-14. 

Stearns, W. H., 1846. 

Steele, Mrs. J. E., 1839. 

Stevens, Augustus G., 1839. 

Stevens, Mrs. Eliza J., 1834. 

Stevens, Eliza (Page), 1826. 

Stevens, Horace S., 1S33. 

Sweeney, Mrs. John, 1846. 

Stevens, Josejjh L., 1827. 

Stevens, Luther, 1833. 

St<?vens, Robert I., 1844. 

Stevens, Mrs. Eoxanna D. (Young), 1S31. 

Stevens, Timothy. 1824. 

Stevens, William" T., 1830. 

Stickney, George W., 1846. 

Stokes, Gllman il., 1843. 

Stoneham, Joseph. 

Sturtevant, Mrs. Xancy P. (Quimby), 1S37. 

Summers, Adtlie L. (Hatch), 1844.' 

Summers. Charles T., 1843. 

Tarbell, Jlartha (Murch), 1845. 

Tasker, Frances F. (Sage), 1828. 

Tewksbury, ilrs. E. G., 1846. 

Thayer, Charles H., 1845. 

Thayer, David, 1846. 

Thayer, Mrs. George W., 1843. 

Thayer, Mrs. Sarah P. (Bailey), 1845. 

Thompson, George E., 1845. 

Thompson, George W., 1S45. 

Thompson, Lydia (Francis), 1846. 

Thompson, ilrs. JIary E., 1842. 

Thompson. Sarah E. '(Shepard), 1839. 

Thurber, Freeman X.. 1S44. 

Todkill, Anna Mitchell. 1840. 

Towne, Susanna, 1840. 

Townes, H. Jane (Whiting), 1845. 

Tracy, Frank A., 1844. ' 

Trefren, James, 1845. 

True, Mrs. George H., 1838. 

Tucker, C. K., 1844. 

Tucker, Mrs. C. K.. 1825. 

Tucker, L. M., 1845. 

Turner, Mrs. H. J. (Boyce), 1831. 

Tuttle. Mrs. Leonora (Webster), 1836. 

Tyler. Lydia H., 1842. 

Tyrrell. Mrs. Helen M., 1846. 

Underbill. Mrs. Georg-e B., 1838. 

Varney, David B., 1843. 

Varnum, Frank E., 1846. 

Varnum. Mrs. Sarah F. (Clay), 1846. 

Veasey, Mrs. Martha J., 1841.' 

Verity. :Mrs. Jane L., 1845. 

Vivian, Nancy S. (Marden), 1844. 

Vose, Mrs. J. G. R. 

Wallace, Andrew C, 1839. 

Wallace, Mrs. C. W. (Allison), 1846. 

Wallace. Fred L., 1839. 

Wallace, Mrs. Frances O., 1843. 

Walker, Charles K., 1830. 

•Deceased since signing registialion I ook. 



*\Valker. James Parker, M. D., 1828. 
Walker, Margaret, 1844. 

Walker. Margaret E. T., 1842. 

Walker, ilrs.^Rowena L. (Hamblett), 1839. 

Ware, Mrs. Clara A., 1S45. 

Warner, .\masa O., 1845. 

"Warren, Mrs. Charles F.. 1841. 

A\ arren, Charles F., 1841. 

Warner, Fred E., 1845. 

W'arner, Horace A., 1845. 

Washburn, Louisa B., 1845. 

W^aterman, Alfred, 1844. 

Waterman, ilrs. Charles, 1845. 

Waterman, Mrs. Elizabeth P., 1844. 

Watson, Enoch, 1841. 

Watson, Mrs. Enoch, 1841. 

Watson. Hannah A. 

Way. Mrs. Sarah J.. 1842. 

Wei)ber, Gelana O., 1844. 

Weblier, .Tames JL, 1837. 

Webber. Louisa A. (Clifford), 1843. 

Webster. Caroline (Calef), 1837. 

*Webster. Cassius C, 1839. 

Webster, Charles, 1841. 

Webster. George X., 1846. 

Webster, Henry K., 1835. 

Webster, Ignatius T., 1832. 

Webster, Isaac H., 1832. 

Webster, John S.. 1844. 

Webster, Luther S., 1835. 

^Vebster. Rev. J. Wesley, 1836. 

^Vebster, Sylvester F.,'l832. 

Webster. William H.. 1833. 

Weeks. George W., 1839. 

Weeks, Mrs. George W. (Mead), 1841. 

Weeks, ilrs. L. H. 

Weld, Mittie S. (Fowler), 1844. 
Wells, .\lphonso, 1,839. 
Wells. Sarah il. (Harvey), 1833. 
^Veston, Helen (Fitts). 1844. 
Wheeler, JIartin L., 1839. 
Wheeler. Mrs. S. .-V., 1845. 
White, James H.. 1844. 
White, Mrs. Sarah A. (iloore), 1839. 
Whitney. Mrs. H. S.. 1836. 
Whitney, William H.. 1841. 
\\ hiting. Charles M., 1845. 
Whit taker, Henry, 1846. 
Whitten, Cynthia E.. 1839. 
Whittemore, Charles F., 1842. 
Whittemore, Mrs. Erailie P., 1844. 
Whittemore. J. Irving, 1838. 
Whittemore, Isaac. 1818. 
Whittemore Jfyra (Hill). 
Whittemore, X'ancy (Bacon), 1845. 
Whittemore. Rodnev X'.. 1844. 
AVhittier. Martha X. (ilarshall). 
Wiggin. Stephen. 1S4G. 
Wiggin, ilrs. Hannah, 1841. 
Williams, Mrs. Charles, 1842. 
Williams, .John, 1845. 
Wilson. Abbie Ellen, 1839. 
Wilson, Alva D., 1839. 



180 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. II. 



"Wilson, Charles H.. 1842. Wiijrlit, 

"Wilson, Frank L.. 1S45. Wynian 

"Wilson, Mrs. W. II., 1S39. Wyinaii 

Wood, Cliarlfs II.. l.'<42. Wynian 

Wood, Esther S., 1S44. Wynian 

Wood, ICmiiee I'. \V.. 1S40. Wynian 

AVood, Harriet i:. (Fogg), 1S45. Yoving, 

Wood, Olive L., 1842. "i'oiing. 

Wood, William Kdwin, 1842. Yonn-j, 

Woodbury, Roger W. Young, 

AVoodhani, Mrs. Plunier W., 1S46. Young, 

Woodman, Peter O., 1839. Young, 

Woods, George L., 1845. Young, 

Worthen, Charles F., 1851. Young, 

Worthen, Fred S., 1S37. Young, 

"Worthley, Airs. Emma .\. (Dorr), ISIfl. Young, 

Worthley, .Samuel M., 1839. Young, 

"Wort man, Mrs. Mary J., 1844. Young, 



l.ydia A. (Kennedy), 1835. 
, .\iiiietle (Sturtevant), 1840. 
. Arnold, 1S4C>. 
, Edson. 1S49. 
, Edward, 1S17. 
. George L., 1839. 
.\ndrew J., 1833. 
David H., 1S33. 

George. 1S22. 
Hannah, 1838. 
Horaee H., 1S43. 
Joseph B., 1839. 
Mary (Ayer), 1844. 
Jfary E. (Proctor), 1339. 
Mary S., 1844. 
Sarah (Cross), 1841. 
Sophronia T. (Davis), 1831. 

\\illiam, 1S.11. 




an M |.r.nt. 

GRANITE BRIDGE, BUILT IN 1840. 



CONCORD RAILROAD, OPENED IN 1842. 



THE MAYOR'S BANQUET. 



(In \^'£'(lnc'S^lay evening. Se|)teinl)or "i:!. at the Maiulie>ter IIou.-;e, JNIa^or Clarko 
tenvlered a complimentary l)anqiiet to tiie eliairmen of tlie Semi-Centennial com- 
mittees and other gentlemen who had taken a ]irominent ])art in tlie celebration. 
Those present were: The Mayor, Hon. Henry E. ISurnhani. David L. Perkins, Eev. 
W. H. Morrison. Cajit. S. S. Piper. Rev. X. L. Colby. Joseiih Kidder, ex-Gov. P. C. 
Cheney, John T. Cott, George I. McAllister, Warren Harvey, Henry B. Fairbanks. 
Andrew Bunton. Rev. T. M. Davies, W. J. McGuiness, Rev. G. A. Guertin, Hon. 
Charles H. Bartlett, Joseph Quirin, Edwin F. Jones, Frank P. Kimball, Richard J. 
Barry, E. T. Baldwin, Herbert W. Eastman. Hon. E. J. Kno^\lton, Col. Harry B. 
Cilley, Charles H. Manning, Rev. C. W. Rowley. Rev. T. Eaton Clap]), Rev. AV. C. 
McAllester, E. J. Burnham. 

After the discussion of a delightful menu. Mayor Clarke said: '■'Gentlemen, 
while you are sipping yonr coffee, smoking your cigars, and otherwise enjoying 
jourselve.s, I wish to take this occasion to thank you for your attendance this even- 
ing. I have felt as I have looked about the table that jireparations for another 
Semi-Centennial must be in progress. I see faces with which I was associated in 
the arrangements for that event, and there are also others here who were instrumental 
in its success during the week. In issuing invitations for this banquet, I felt that 
I would like to invite the whole city, for every one vied with every other one in 
■working for tlie Semi-l'entennial's success: but that was impossilile, and I had thought 
that there would be no feeling if I invited the chairmen of the committees, the 
advisory board, as it were, and the gentlemen who took part in the literary exercises, 
to assendile again at this dinner. T feel necessarily somewhat modest in talking 
about the Senii-Centeiinial, in which I was forced to take a ])rominent )iart by virtue 
of my office, and feel that there were many things which could have Ijeen done by 
other persons better than by myself, but I want to take this occasion to tliauk the 
chairmen and their associates for the unanimity, the earnestness, the unselfish- 
ness, and the order with which they planned and executed this great celebration. 
Certainly Manchester will profit in the future by that week. There were thousands 
ii]ion thousands of visitors in our fair city, and not one of these Init went home pleased 
with Manchester, delighted with her hospitality, impressed with her magnitude. 
indu.stries, and resources, and wondering at the energy and ambition of her citizens. 
The celebration was a success, and it was such a success because all classes of people, 
without regard to religion or politics, entered into it heart and soul." 

Hon. Charles H. Bartlett, chairman of the finance committee, said: '■! under- 
stood that this was a gastronomic rather than an oratorical occasion. It is a little 
delicate to speak in this gathering upon the Semi-Centennial. fur it makes me think 

181 



182 SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MAXCHESTKR, X. II. 

of tliat T^atiii c.\pre>;sion. 'All of wiiieh I saw and a part of which T was." The Si-nii- 
CV'iiti-nnial was a success bec-aiise we had ^laiuliester to work with, and not heeause 
of the chairmen of the coniniittees. ^Manchester is a great city. The demonstra- 
tion made here shows tiiat ^lanchester is not only great herself, hut she reaches out 
and has a hold ujion the whole state. There is no other city which could have 
secured the responses that we did from the civic and military orpmizaiions of the 
state. I doubt if any other city could have secured the attendance of so many 
organizations. They res|ionded liecause they recognized in JIanchcster the metrop- 
olis of this state, the place to w jiich tlicy look for such great events and I'oi- hospit- 
able and cotirtcous treatment. For the success of this event you also owe much to 
your energetic young mayor. There had to he a head to such an extensive celebra- 
tion. The mayor, ex olficio, became that liciid. iiiid \\ ithout a good iicnd this cele- 
bration would not have l)eeu po.s.sible. lie was a good man to work with, and the 
other chairmen found it ea.sy to co-operate with him. To his constant attention to 
the arrangements and familiarity and interest in every detail, much credit fur the 
success is due. There is no chance for a review of this past event, but I only desire 
in closing to exjjress the obligation, which we all feel, to His Honor the Slayor, not 
only for the assistance which we received, but also for his kindness and courtesy in 
calling us together here tonight and tendering his hospitality."' 

Hon. Henry PI Ihirnham, orator at the literary exercises, said: "i am certainly 
rejoiced to be here tonight, and am sincerely grateful for the kind invitation of our 
host, the mayor, which has brought us together. I am plea.<ed to look into the faces 
of those who contributed .so largely to the success of that glorious event, the Semi- 
Centennial. Yon have illustrated the strength of the city of Manchester. What 
seemed to me the most impressive fact was what has been proven, the strength of 
our city. The success of the Semi-Centennial came from the fact that you all 
united, generously and harmoniously, for that success. There was no North, no 
South, no East, no West. There was no West Side, no old town, no new village. 
The differences in politics, even the shar]) lines of religious difference, have melted 
away in the sincere love which all have for our city of Manchester. It was eminently 
fitting that we should come together tonight, in one sense, perhaps, of self-congrat- 
ulation. Of course we who have had any ])art in the Semi-Centennial desire to 
eliminate that, and none had a greater part than our honored mayor, and I concur 
in all that has been said in praise of his active eiforts for the city's success. His 
efforts were constant, his zeal untiring, and his acts upon all public occasions when 
he was called upon to reiiresent the city were so well directed tlint it has l)een a 
marvel with what propriety everything has been done on his jjart. Jlanchester has 
shown herself not only a great city, but also a hospitable city. She has shown har- 
mony in her work and among her citizens. Xo one in Xew England, or even far 
beyond, if he.tells that he came from Manchester, will ever be asked where ^ranchester 
is. We have advertised ourselves. We have simw n what Manchester could do 
even in these days of Intsiness disaster. We came here to rejoice tonight. It is 
pleasant that we have here some of the old resident,*, and we hope that we will have 




HERBERT W. EASTMAN. 
SECRETARY OF GENERAL COMVIITTEE. TREASURER OF FINANCE COMMITTEE. 



18i SEMI-CENTENNIAL OF MANCHESTER, N. U. 

our Jirotlicr Kidder witli ii.s at our lU'Xt cuiitoniiial. 1 concur most heartily in all 
that has been said tonijrlit, and 1 say tonijrlit tiiat ilanchester is indebted to every 
one of you for your zealous labors to make this most noted feature of Manchester, her 
Semi-Centennial, a glo\vin<r success." 

Congratulatory remarks were also uiadc' by lie\. W . II. .Morrison, llev. X. L. 
Colby, Joseph Kidder, Hev. I'ather (iuertin, Andrew ISunton, Col. Henry B. Fair- 
lianks, and Edwanl .1. lUirnbani. Letters of regret were read from lit. IJev. D. il. 
ISradlcy, Kev. J!. W. Lockh;iil. lion. Moody Currier, and Ik'v. Henry V.. Cooko. 

FINAL .\ii:i:riN(; ok Ai)\is()iiv moahk 

The final meeting of the chairmen of the various committees, constituting the 
advisory board, was held in the mayor's oHice on October S. The total receipts of 
the finance committee were rejHirted to be •$T,"^-)8.T."). 'j'he cxjienditures were: 
For parade, $367.83; exhibition, $G4().39; old residents, $238.91; printing, $430.3.j; 
tents, $452.00; stands, $(i(i8.8;; carriages, $234.30: decorations, $759. -53; sports, 
$587.50; soldiers" monument, $30.00; jn'css, $()2.35: military hinch, $120.00; salute, 
$44.00; lunch at mayors office, $25.00; schools, $39.n: luusic. $1,429.07; guests, 
$103.89; miscellaneous, $(i82.15; a total of $6,912.51. 

It was voted that the balance of $346.24 be tunuil oxer tn the treasurer to be 
used towards the publication of a memorial volume of the celebration. It w-as voted 
to recommend tluit the city government take action to jirocure the publication of 
such a volume. \'oted that the niaynr a])|ioint a ])ul)lication committee, of which 
he should be chairman, to act \\ itli Secretary Herbert W. luistman in compiling the 
book. Hon. Edgar. I. Knoultim and V.. J. J'urnham were a]i]iointeil. 

On motion of \'.. .1. Hiirnliain. the Inllowing resolutions were unaniinously 
adopted: 

Bcsolvcd, That the ((iiiimittet' extend a vote of thanks to niir chairman, His 
Honor the Mayor, in aiiprcriation of tlie energy, good judgment, and uniform cour- 
tesy which have ciuiti-iliuti'd so largely to tiu' success of the Semi-Ceiitennial 
celebration. 

Also, that we extend a \ote of thanks to our secretary, Herbert W. l-!astman, for 
the industry, lidt'lity, and an eHiciency dne to long experience, with wliirb lie has 
discharged the duties of his responsil)le position. 

The committee then adjourned sine die. 



DEDICATION OF THE WESTON OBSERVATORY 

SEPT. 6, 1897. 



PROGRAM. 

1. liitniductoiT Aflilrc'ss by the PiX'sidc'iit of the Day. 

George 1. McAllister, Esq. 

2. Prayer. 

Eev. Charles U. Duxnixg, D. D. 

.3. Music. 

Maxchester City L*.axi). 

4. Delivery of Weston Observatory to tlie City liy 

Hox. .John C. Frexch, representing tlie Building Committee. 

5. Acceptance of Weston Observatory by the flavor. 

IIox. \\']lliam Cogswell CL.viiKE. 

<j. Music. 

Trixity Quartet: F. T. E. Uiciiardsox, Koscoe Iv. IIorxe, 

DeLafayette Uobixsox, Amos 0. Straw. 

7. Dedication of Weston Observatory, by the Grand Lodge of Masons 

IIexry a. Marsh, Grand blaster. 

8. Music. 

Maxchester City Baxd. 

9. Oration. 

lIox. Edwix F. .Toxes. 

10. ^fusic. '"America." 

(^CAKTET .VXD ACDIEXCI;. 

11. Benediction. 

Iiiiv. William 11. .Mouuisox. 
18.5 




Thh vVtb i uiN usbf-( vATORY. 



DEDICATION OF WESTON OBSERVATORY. 

SEPT. 6, 1897. 



Tlio We'^^ton OljsLTvatory \va^ I'liniiiilly dcilicated liy the officers of the (irand 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M.. of New IIaiii|isliire, Henry A. Marsh of Xashua grand master, 
on Monday, September 6, 1897. The observatory was erected by the Head & Dowst 
Company, from plans of ^l. V. Davis of Lowell, under direction of a special com- 
mittee appointed by the city government, consisting of. Mayor Clarke, Alderman 
Provost, President of the Common Council .John T. Gott, Councilman 0. D. Knox, 
and Horace P. Simpson of the street and park commission, which committee co- 
operated with the following citizens: Charles H. Manning, .James H. Weston. A. C. 
AVallace, .John C. French, and Xathan P. Hunt. Upon the organization of a new 
city government. President Ceorge P. Pogers of the common council, and Council- 
man George W. Taylor succeeded :\re.*srs. Gott and Knox. A suli-committee, Messrs. 
^Manning, Wallace, and Provost superintended the construction work. The observa- 
tory is built of Xew Hampshire granite, and is fifty feet to the floor of the outlook, 
an(i sixty-six feet from base to finial. Tlie summit of Oak hill is five hundred thirty- 
seven feet above sea level, and tlie tup df the ol)servatory is three hundred eighty- 
six feet above Elm street. 

At 1..30 p. M. the officers of the (irand I>odge, city government officials, and 
participants in the dedication ceremonies were escorted to the observatory by Trinity 
Commandery, Knights Templar, Isaac L. Heath eminent commander; Lafayette 
Lodge, A. F. and A. :\I., Aliraham T.. Garnion. worshipful master; and Washington 
Lodge, A. F. and A. il.. Cliarles W. Knowlton. worshipful master: the Manchester 
City Band, Horace D. Gordon leader, furnishing music. 

The dedicatory services opened with an introductory address by George I. 
^IcAllister, P?s(j., president of the day, wlio said: 

ADDKE.SS OF VEESIDEXT OF THE DAT. 

Ladies and (lentlfinen: — It shew me creat pleasiu-e to extend to you a cordial 
yreetint;' aed a heart \- A\eIeonie here iiii the summit of our hig'hest hill, wliicli is 
trowiied and adorned hy Weston Oliserx atiiry. We are prond of this beautiful Derry- 
fiekl iiarl<, in wliicdi we ean stand on a liill lunidi-eds of feet above the level of our noble 
Jiei'vincacli river, and look over our liciuil iliil, jjrogres.sive and magnificent Queen City 
of the (iranite State, and l)reatlie tlie "mountain air . . . the air of heaveii and of lilierty." 
Yonr presence liere proves your devotion to iiancliester, your loyalty to the memory of 
a ■jencroiis and pnlilic-spirited citizen, and yonr sincere ap])reciation of his costly, 
useful, and ornamental "ift to the city he loved. Weston Observatory has been com- 
pleted, aiid \\c liave assembled liei-e to dedicate and deliver it to the ])eoplc of .Manclies- 






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ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT OF THE DAY. 189 

ter. to be used iiiul enjoyed l)y tliein and their descendants. Onr citizens will accept 
this noble ijit't with hearts filled with joy and gratitnde. This day is one of gladness 
and congratulations for them. They will never forg-et the memorable da.v on which 
they came into ])ossession of this magnificent observatory, and they will hold the name 
of the donor in grateful remembrance. Jly friends, you will be surprised and delighted 
with the splendid view which yoti will enjoy from the top of the observatory, a view 
extending from the famous White Mountains of our glorious Xew Hampshire to Blount 
Wachusett in the grand old commonwealth of JIassachusetts, and from Saddleback 
mountain in Rockingham county to Mount Monadnock in Cheshire county. Yon will 
behold a lovely and charming landscape 

"Of mountain and of flood. 
Of green heath and shaggy wood"; 

there will In- within the range of your vision a land of handsome lakes, splendid rivers, 
lofty hills, majestic mountains, beautiful valleys, and fertile meadows, dotted here and 
t}iere Avith neal and pretty farmhouses, and with beautiful and prosperous villages, 
and cities, where the hum of business and rndustry is heard, and the people are indus- 
trious, contented, and prosperous. 

Fellow Citizens: — We are honored Ijy the presence of the Most W^orshipful Gran-l 
Master of the Mo.st Worshipful Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the state, 
who laid the corner-stone of Weston Observatory when Manchester was celebrating the 
.Semi-Centennial anniversary of its existence as a city, September 7, 1896. 

It is eminently fitting and proper that the Grand Master of our noble and honorable 
niasonic fraternity, which teaches faith in Ciod and the hope of immortality, and that 
truth is the foundation of every virtue, and inculcates patriotism and the practice of 
charity and pure beneficence, and of which Governor Weston was a faithful and honored 
member, should complete his work by dedicating this observatory with the impres- 
sive ceremonies of the craft. We take great pleasure in extending to him and to the 
other officers and the members of the Grand Lodge, a hearty and courteous welcome, and 
rejoice that they are our guests today. Friends and Brethren, the people of Sfanchester 
confidently hope that Weston Observatory, built of iron and of New Hampshire brick and 
stone, on the granite top of Oak Hill, will stand for centuries as an eloquent, steadfast, 
and enduring witness of the true and undying love and affection that James A. Weston 
had for them. They can never use it or see it without being reminded that generosity 
and philanthropy were distinguishing' traits of Governor Weston's character. Weston 
Observatory is a useful and beautiful monument that will preserve the name and per- 
petuate the memory of the most distinguished native of Manchester, who, we can 
truthfully say, was 

"F<n-med on the good old ])lan, 

A true and brave and downright honest man. 

He blew no trumpet in the market place. 

Nor in the church, with hypocritie face, 

S\ipplied with cant the lack of grace. 

Loathing pretense, he did with cheerful will 

What others talked of, while their hands were still." 

After a fervent prajer by Rev. Cliarles V. Diinniiig, D. 1)., pastor of St. James 
-Alethodist Epi.scopal clnircli, and a selection by tlie band, the observatory was formallv 
delivered to the city by John ('. l-"rencli, ri'iircscnting the building committee. Mr. 
French said: 



190 DEDIOATIOX OF WESTON OBSEKVATuRV. 

DELIVEKY TO THE CITY. 

Your ffonor the Mayor: — Manchester's favorite son, the late lion. James A. Weston, 
emblematic of his life and character, made a bequest for the erection of an observatory 
bearing his name on this elevated spot, "for the advancement of science, tor educational 
purposes, for the use, enjoyment, benefit, and mental improvement of the peojjle of 
Manchester, and visitors, without expense to them." 'llie l)uililin!r committee appointed 
to select design, malie contract, to talie char-re of the construction, have i)erfornied 
their duties to the Ijest of their discretion. i!y request I now inform you that the con- 
struction of the Weston (Jbservatory has reached completion, and in behalf of the 
building- committee 1 have the ])leasant duty to disdiarfje of formally conveyin<>- jjosses- 
sion of the same to the city of Manchester, in accordance with the becpiest of the donor. 
To you, honored sir, the legal representati\e of the city, ami to your successors in 
office, I hereby transfer for perpetual custody and care the Weston Observatory. Its 
conception is typical of the noble character of the benefactor: his frequent sug:gestions 
in regard to location, design, and material have been followed, the workmanship com- 
pleted, and witli these dedicatory exercises the structure is prescntcil to the people of 
Manchester. 

It was my good fortune tn l,c Ir.ng' and intiuKiIcly associateil with (iovernor Weston 
in business and friendly ways, and 1 was impressed with the fact that his mind was 
largely al)sorbed with the business tu'tivities and the future of his luitive city. His 
ancestry, tastes, education, early business jirofession. were an equipment that enabled 
him to appreciate the needs of a growing city and to discharge the duties of chief 
executive with marked ability. He gave his best thoughts to public works, improve- 
ments, and exjienditures in the line of beautifying and ornamenting the city. He first 
conceived and gave official mention of the soldiers' monument, selecting a satisfactory 
design, and superintended the work. He was instrumental in securing Stark park as a 
historic and public resort: also the Weston reservoir; and in keei)ing with the spirit of 
the man he consummated his life work by the gift to the people of this ob.servatory. on 
the most elevated spot in Derrylield jjark, for the delight and enjoyment of the present 
and future generations, and to teach them the love of nature, home, city, and country. 
From its summit the lover of nature will find a wide aiul picturesque landscape, which 
in scoiJe and beauty will delight the eye and charm the senses. In the foreground lies 
the "Queen City of the Merrimack." whei-e nature has w rotight so well and man has 
wrought so successfully, and the fruit of enterprise, industry, frugality, taste, and 
culture are apparent on every haiul; where over fifty thousand people find peace and 
plenty and "life worth the living:" where the Merrimack river leaps its largest water- 
fall in its rapid course from the mountains to the sea. In the background of. the 
e.xtended panorama are glimpses of most of the mountains of the state, though not yet 
delineated by pen or pencil, stretching from the southern lioundary. including in a 
northerly sweep Mouadnock, Crotchet, Kearsarge, lielknap, and Ossipee groups, as 
"Alps piled on Alps," to the grand old monarchs of the Franconia and Presidential ranges. 
It was this beautiful spot and delightful landscape that inspired the mind to cause the 
ereetioti of this granite monument to leave as a fitting legacy to the city. May its 
inhabitants and visitors in all coming time imi)rove its uses. a])i>reciate its structure, and 
cherish the memory of its donor, Hon. James A. Weston. 

The observatory was acceptcil. mi boliciU' of tlie city, hy ilayor Clarke wlio said: 



ACCEPTANCE liY THE MAYOR. 191 



ACCEPTAXCi; BY THE MAYOR. 



.Mr. Cluiinuaii and Citizens of Manchester: — Aniony the many men of distinotiou 
to who.se judgment, enterprise, and industry Manchester is a monument, .lames A, 
Weston will always be regarded with high honor and esteem. He was a native of ilan- 
chester, and few men who have ever been identified with the city possessed a greater 
love for the i>!ace of their birth or were more loyal to what they considered her best 
interests than the one to whose liberality we owe the structure now to be dedicated. 
Not only in his lifetime did he contribute in many useful ways to the advancemeiit of 
lilanche.ster, but we have found since his lamented death that his thoughts for the future 
were still clustered about the city he loved so well. Governor Weston was a man of fine 
taste and large foresight, and we can readily understand how he was among the first 
to liscover and extol the beauties and attractions of this splendid spot now known as 
J)erryfieki park, and which in years to come is destined to become one of the foremost 
public pleasure grounds in all New England. From the summit of Oak hill on which 
this rugged monument to his memory now rests he had often contemplated the grand 
and expansive mountainous view and the other picturesque sights revealed here, and 
long before his death he had determined upon making a bequest to the city to be used 
and expendeci by it for the erection and construction of an observatory at this point, 
as the language of his will expresses it, "for the advancement of science, for educational 
purposes, and for the jjleasure, enjoyment, benefit, and mental improvement of the 
inhabitants of ilanches-ter and for the people who may visit Manchester." The sum 
-specified in the bequest was five thousand dollars, and with these means at their dis- 
posal the representatives of the city have in-ovided this structure, built, as we believe 
it to be and as the honored donor requested that it should be built, of '"imperishable 
material." That the people of Manchester will manifest their appreciation of this 
acceptable public gift as they become familiar with its advantages I have no doubt, and 
that the example set by our late fellow townsman will be followed by others in equally 
commendable directions I sincerely hope. We are all jiroud of Manchester, of her 
growth, industry, thrift, and successes, and in common with you all I heartily rejoice 
in such evidences of public spirit aiul generosity as are revealed in the conception and 
realization of the Weston Observatory. 

It has seemed to me eminently fitting that the ceremonies attending the dedication 
of this memorial shaft should be performed by a body that had been so closely allied 
with the life work of the donor and to whose honorable and beneficent aims and achieve- 
ments he had for thirty-three years given his unselfish efforts and loyal devotion, 
and Manchester feels honored indeed to once more welcome the Grand Lodge of 
Masons of New Hampshire, under whose auspices the corner-stone of this observatory 
was laid with such impressive ser\ices one year ago. It is creditable to our city that 
her people have manifested by their presence today, in such large and representative 
numbers, their appreciation of this substantial gift which, besides the soldiers" mon- 
ument, forms the most conspicuous ])ark adornment Manchester has ever received. It is 
also gratifying to know that on the occasion .set for this dedication every spindle and 
loom that has been idle in Manchester for five weeks past is again in motion, and that 
thousands of families and homes are rejoicing in this fair city today as they could not 
have rejoiced tinder previous conditions of business inactivity. Governor Weston was 
a friend of the people, and were he alive none would rejoice inore than he in the restor- 
ation of employment to the working classes and to none will this beautiful gift to the 
city bring greater pleasure and enjoyment than to these people who form the "boue 
and sinew" of ilanchester's prosperity. Mr. Chairman, in behalf of the city of Man- 
chester I take great pleasure and feel great honor in acce|)ting this structure, so wisely 
planned, faithfully supervised, and thoroughly constructed. 




REV. CHARLES U. DUNNING, D. D, 





CHARLES W. KNOWLTON. 

W. M. WASHINGTON LODGE. A. F. AND A. M. 



ABRAHAM L. GARMON. 
W. M. LAFAYETTE LODGE, A F AND A M. 



ORATION BY HON. EDWIN F. JONES. 193 

The Trinity Quartet, Frank T. K. IJicliarilson, Roscoe K. Home, De liafayette 
Eobinson, and Amos Gale Straw, then rendered a selection. 

The impressive ceremonies of dedication were then performed by Grand Master 
Marsh and other grand oiticers. 

After a selection by the band, the oration of tlie day was delivered ))y Hon. 
Edwin F. Jones. 

(IliATIOX HY IIOX. i;i)\VIN' F. .lONKS. 

Most Worshipful Grand Master, lirctliren, and Friends: — The structure around which 
we stand, and which you liave just dedicated to its intended u.ses "for tlie advancement 
of science, for educational purposes, and for the use, enjoyment, benefit, and mental 
improvement of the inhaljitants of the city of Manchester," is a fitting' monument to its 
generous founder. It rests upon the solid foundation of a g'ranite hill; it rises in strength 
and beauty to the full measure of the an'hiteet's skill, and from its lofty station, visible 
afar, it typifies all that was best and noljlest in the character and aspirations of him who 
gave it to the city. 

.James A. Weston was at the time of his death the foremost native of ilanchester. 
He had reached perhaps a higher position in business, social, and civic lines than any 
other man who first saw the light of day within the borders of our municipality. His 
life had been pre-eminently successful. His labors had been crowned with a compe- 
tency of worldly goods: his word was everywhere regarded as his bond. Four times 
mayor, twice called to the chair of the chief executive of his state, he was a man whom 
the people knew and honored: and in honoring him they honored themselves. He loved 
Manchester; he was proud of the city's history and of its aehievetnents; his time and 
abilities were ever at its service. He could truly say of its growth and progress: "ilost 
of it I saw; a large part of it I was." By his will the city has become the possessor of 
this olj.servatory, which is destined to keep fresh and bright the memory of his life 
and name. It has been delivered and accepted; and now it has been dedicated to the 
public use by the high authorities of that order of which, for more than a third of a 
century, the donor was a true and loyal member. 

Nothing, I believe, could be more in keeping with Governor Weston's wish than the 
large gathering of Masons one year ago, when the corner-stone was laid, or than this 
public con.secration of his gift by the officers of the grand lodge. Masonry was dear to 
him. He venerated the principles of our time-honored institution. He was an honorable, 
man and he knew that Masonry tends to make all men honorable who are strictly 
observant of its precepts. He had so often heard inculcated within the walls of the 
lodge the great moral duties which a man owes to himself, his neighbor, his country, 
and his God, that he thought it not derogatory to the character of any great public 
undertaking that his brothers should participate therein as Masons. He knew that 
Masonry teaches morality, patriotism, and brotherly love; that no man can be a good 
]^Iason who is not a good citizen: and that many men have been made better citizens by 
becoming good Masons. He would, I believe, have desired this Masonic dedication of 
his gift. 

Here, a public ornament in this park, already beautiful by nature, but with unmeas- 
ured possibilities of greater beauty when developed as it may be, the Weston Observatory 
is to stand on land donated by the city for the purpose, a landmark for miles around, 
a thing of beauty — a thing of use as well. .\nd this building has, when viewed in the 
proper light, a utility as great as though it were a mill, a workshop, or a mercantile 
house — perhaps one greater than they. It has no sordid side. It is not to be given 
over to money making. It may seem to be of no practical use to some who measure 




HON. EDWIN F. JONES. 

R. W. PAST DISTRICT DEPUTY GRAND MASTER, GRAND LODGE. 



ORATION BY HON. EDWIN F. JONE?. 195 

the value of a thing by its wealth-pruduciiiy capacity. Uut there is sonietliing above 
and beyond mere money getting-, and human nature has an aesthetic side which needs 
developing, and which is often neglected in the mad rush for livelihood and gain. And 
whatever adds to the pleasure and rational enjoyment of the people is as beneficial and 
as useful to the community as a strictly material undertaking. This observatory will 
add to the pleasure and enjoyment of the people of Manchester; it appeals to the eye; 
it broadens their horizon, 'rhrough its erection a large addition has been made to the 
park, the whole population of the city has been benefited, and in return appreciates 
and values the gift. 

The present is a monument-nial'Cing epoch. To be sure the custom is an old one. 
Kings of ancient Egypt built the Pyramids as tombs and as montiments of their great 
power and regal pomp. Home was filled with columns and statues erected by her 
rulers to perpetuate the memory of their imperial splendors. England has laid away 
her great ones beneath the pavement of Westminster .\bbey, or within the crypt of St. 
Paul's, and with scluptured marble or graven bronze preserves the remembrance of 
their deeds and fame. In our country the scenes of great events have been marked, and 
the republic's heroes have been honored, with lofty pillar and brazen image. In all 
large cities monuments are now multiplying in memorj^ of those who have distinguished 
themselves in the military and civil life of the nation. This is the first monument erected 
to a citizen in Manchester outside the borders of the cemetery, excepting the noble shaft 
which testifies to the love and honor our people bear the men who gave their services in 
the war to preserve the Union and to maintain inviolate the constitution of the fathers. 
And such a memorial as this, it seems to me, is far better than a statue or a marble 
column. For while it commemorates the virtues of the dead as well as they, it will 
also afford benefit and enjoyment to the living. It adds one to the nimiber of our 
public buildings; it makes still larger the common property of the citizens. It will be a 
source of pride and happiness to all our people. It is situated in what is destined to be 
the great ])op>dar jileasure ground; and. as the years go by. its use and advantage will 
many times increase. 

Why this building of nionunicnts? Is it simply that the names of the men in 
whose honor they are erected may not be forgotten? Are they merely the expression of 
family pride or local ostentation? Is there no wider significance to the spirit which erects 
them? It seems to me that the personal element has the smallest influence of all. Of 
course the memory of the man is perpetuated, but with it goes the recollection of the 
actions or the virtues which have so marked and distinguished his career as to call forth 
the admiration and regard of his fellow citizens. But in time the actions and the virtues 
become chief; the man is lost sight of, and the monument becomes the embodiment of 
an ideal, which inspires others to emulate the good and to shun the mistakes of him 
who thus becomes, as it were, an historic exemplar. The massive monument to Washing- 
ton, which adorns the capital of the nation, does not so much commemorate the man 
Washington, who was, as other men are, human, with human passions, virtues, and 
foibles, as it symbolizes the love of liberty which shook off the foreign yoke and made 
our country free. In a statue to Lincoln we .see not a memorial of the Illinois rail-splitter 
and circuit-riding lawyer, but the representative of the spirit of freedom which 
lifted a race from bondage and granted equal rights to all our people. And when we 
gaze upon that magnificent mausoleum on the bank of the Hudson, where rest the 
remains of our great general, we do not think of the tanner, the soldier, or the president, 
but we recall that of which Grant seems to us to be the incarnation, — the love of 
country and of union which preserved our nation and made freedom worth the having. 
Viewed in such a light these monuments and memorials teach noble lessons: they 
inspire worthy ambitions. 

Let us throw this light upon the Weston Observatory. It is a memorial of one 
who, in his home, in his business relations, in his social life, and in public .station was 




JOSEPH W. FELLOWS, 33 
R. E. Grind Commander, Grand Commandery. 1873. 1874 




CHARLES C. HAYES, 33° 

M. W. Grand Master, Grand Lodje, 1894, 1895. 
R. E. Grand Commander. Grand Commander/. 1893. 




NATHAN P, HUNT, SS-^ 

M. E.Grand High Priest, Grand Chapter, I 889. 1890 

M. I. Grand Master, Grand Council, 1895. 

R. £. Grand Commander, Grand Comir.andery, 1881. 



ORATION BY HON. EDWIN F. JONES. 197 

always a gentleman — an upriyht (.-itizon- an honest man. He always labored for good 
government and revered our free institutions. He was imbued with the spirit of true 
democracy. He was far removed from both the aristocrat and the demag-ogue. The 
ob.servatory, then, in commemorating his virtues and his worth, suggests the ideal of 
courtesy, of honesty, of true manliness. It is a symbol of everything that makes for 
good government and social well being. Jt stands for that public virtue which adorns 
high office and for that |)rivate virtue which is the public fund. It counsels the educa- 
tion of all our people and the cultivation of a higher order of citizenship. It admonishes 
us that our people should be trained to better appreciate the blessings of republican 
government; to more clearly realize the dignity and worth of the rights which as 
American citizens they enjoy. It proclaims that American freedom does not mean U7ire- 
strained license, but that true freedom is lil)erty for each man to do and to enjoy what 
he best can do and enjoy for himself w itlioiit crossing the right of his neighbor to the 
same privilege; that freedom within the laws should be our watchword; that we should 
strive after a just, impartial, and honest execution of the laws, and sustain our officials 
in the conduct of such goveruiuent. It demonstrates that when the management of 
public affairs is dishonest or inefficient the main fault lies with that public opinion 
which tolerates the officials guilty of such mi.sconduct; that the remedy is in the hands 
of the people, and that it is the duty of every man to endeavor to develop among the 
peoijle a proper regard for the privileges of citizenship and a due appreciation of the 
reciprocal duties which those privileges impose upon every citizen. It proclaims in 
clarion tone that a government like ours depends for success upon an honest and intel- 
ligent expression of the popular will at the ballot-box, and that if we hope for the contin- 
ued prosperity and safety of our repulilic we must labor in every way that the ballot 
shall be free, the suffi-age intelligent, and the citizen honest and unbought. 

Governor Weston believed in the utmost freedom of opinion. His ancestors came 
to this land from foreign shores to gain that right, and he was ever ready to grant it 
to others. So the observatory staiuls for religious freedom, for political liberty, for 
social equality, for a state of society in which the true test of manhood shall be char- 
acter, not wealth, and in which the accident of birth shall not forever fix a man's station 
in life. He was a true American; he never was ashamed of his country. His monument 
diffuses the spirit of true Americanism and teaches love of native land and fealty to our 
country and its flag — not a narrow allegiance limited to our own section or to o\ir own 
little state, but a generous, wide embracing patriotism, which shall cover every inch of 
soil over which our starry banner waves. The whole symbolic lesson of this structure 
is one of loyalty, of duty, and of honor. Long may it stand: and, as the years roll on, 
yet louder and clearer may the lesson be. And when the inhabitants of Manchester gaze 
upon its symmetry and fair pro]ioi-t Ions, may they ajipreciate the full significance of its 
teachings, and under their influence imitate the virtues of its founder, and strive after 
the excellence of conduct and the high standard of principle which should mark every 
citizen of the republic. 

And to the lover of nature, what an insiiiration does the view from the summit of 
the observatory afford! At his feet lies the busy city with its shaded streets, its mills 
and shops, its churches, schools, and homes. He hears the muffled hum of industry and 
the echo of merry children's voices. Around and about it field and wood fold a velvet- 
like mantle of green. To the east he sees the mirrored beauty of the silvery lake; to 
the we.st, the Merrimack's winding course, which to its beauty adds a giant's strength 
and does a giant's work. And far beyond the hazy blue of distant hills and the gor- 
geous loveliness of sky and cloud form the picture's fitting background. He feels a 
thrill of patriotic pride as he notes the little shaft which marks the grave of the old hero, 
so near the spot from which Stark led brave men to battle in a holy cause. He rejoices 
that his home is here. He recalls Xew Hampshire's past. In his mind's eye he sees the 
campfires of the red men around the falls of Amoskeag. He sees the bold and hardy 




ANDREW BUNTON, 33= 



M. W GRAND MASTER, GRAND LODGE, 1880. 
R. E, GRAND SCRiBE, GRAND CHAPTER, 1683. 
R. E GRAND COMMAN DER, GRAND COMMANDERY. 1883. 
Died at Manchester, N. H., Jure 18, 1897. 



ORATION DV HON. EDWIN F. JONES. 199 

settlers, jjushing- out into tlic w ilclci-iu-ss, cliiiiliiiifj tlie rugged hills and dotting their 
slopes with hiijijjy homes, and with earnest toil ])lanting' the fair valley of the Merri- 
mack and building' here a eoninioinvealth where freedom dwelt, where they could worship 
God after the dictates of their own consciences, and were asked to call no man master. 
He sees them spring- to arms at (ape ]!reton and Crown Point. He sees New Hampshire 
reg-iments fighting' with J'rescott at the point of peril and honor at Bunker Hill, and 
at Bennington, striking' the decisive blow that broke the jjower of I5urgoyne"s armj-. 
Colonel Miller's response of "1"11 try, sir," at Lundy*s Lane, comes ringing' through his 
ears. He sees his state amo7ig the original thirteen, and remaining ever true to the con- 
stitution and the Union. He sees it grow in numbers and in influence, and though its 
soil is hard, become the nursery of many of the nation's noblest sons. Then come 
trooping before his vision those gallant children of the Granite State who, amidst the 
awful slaughter at Gettysburg or on Cold Harbor's bloody field, gave up their lives that 
liberty and union might be "forever one and inseparable." 

And, too, he notes our city's growth; slow at first, with settlements few and far 
between. But gradually the mighty pines are felled, the river is harnessed to men's use, 
the sandj- plain is covered with the abodes of industry and thrift. Derryfield becomes 
Manchester; Manchester becomes a city; and now full fifty-one years are rounded out, 
and we are looking to the future with faith and confident hope for the better and still 
brighter things which are yet to come. 

The plumb, the square, and the level have been applied to this structure; the work- 
manship is excellent; the building is completed. It stands before us erect and firm, and 
exemplifies in stone the character of the upright Mason, the faithful citizen, such as 
James A. Weston was. Let the jieople of ilanchester treasure it as the gift of a good 
man; for whatever mitigates the woe or increases the happiness of others is a just 
criterion of goodness. 



200 



DEDICATION OF WBSTON OBSERVATORY. 



The ceremonies, wliich were witnessed l)y a large concourse of peoijlc, closed by 
the singing of "America" by the quartet and audience, and the benediction by Rev. 
W. H. Morrison. 

At the close of the dedication ceremonies, the Masons returned to Masonic hall, 
where a banquet was served in the banquet hall by Lafayette and Washington lodges 
and Trinity conimandery to the Grand Lodge, ladies, and the Masonic fraternity. 
About two hundred thirty were ))resent. Tiie tables were handsomely decorated 
with flowers l)y the ladies. At the close of the l)anquet. President of the Day 
George I. McAllister, in a few well-chosen words, thanked the ladies for their efforts 
in making the affair a success and expressed the pleasure of the Masonic fraternity 
in entertaining the (iranil Lodge, to whicli Ilenry A. JIarsli, grand master, suitably 
responded. 



A. GALE STRAW. 



DeLAFAYETTE ROBINSON. 




F. T. E. RICHARDSON. 



WALTER H. LEWIS, 
DIRECTOR. 



ROSGOE K. HORNE. 



INDEX TO CONTENTS. 



Manchester; how the town became incorporated a cit^' in lS4ii 5 

The first citj- election 7 

First city government, 18-16 

I'reliminary arrangements for the celebration 1.' 

Legislative proceedings 10 

City government action 11 

JMayors of Manchester 12 

Committees appointed 13-16 

City officers and committees, 1896 17-21 

Kaising the funds 22 

The program outlined 23 

The ministers organize 23 

Religious exercises Sunday, September 6 25 

Mass meeting Sunday evening 26 

The Spiritual Life of a ilodern City, oration in full by Rev. W. J. Tucker, D. D 29-38 

Civic and military parade, Monday, September 7 40 

Roster of procession 41-52 

Laying the corner-stone of Weston Observatory Ijy Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M. . 53-56 

Contents of memorial casliet 56-57 

Report of Grand Master Marsh 59 

Report of Grand Commander Roberts 59 

Masonic banquet 60 

Hon. James Adams Weston, oration in full by George I. McAllister, Esq 62-66 

Address by Maj'or Clarke 66 

Address bj- Governor Busiel 67-68 

Literary exercises Tuesday, September 8 71-101 

Address by Maj'or Clarke 73 

Address of President of the Day Charles H. Bartlett 73 

Sen\i-Centennial hymn, bj- Rev. B. W. Lockhart 77 

Poem, At the Falls of Namoskeag, b3' Rev. Allen E. Cross 79-83 

Semi-Cent ennial oration by Hon. Henry E. Buruham, in full 84-101 

Children's Day, September 9 103 

Address by Edwin F. Jones 104-106 

-Address of Rev. G. A. Guertin ^ 107 

Address of Rev. B. W. Lockhart '. . .- 109 

Parade of firemen and merchants Ill 

The athletic sports 113 

Grand Army campfire 115-126 

Address by David L. Perkins, Esq., Bird's-eye View of the Civil War 115-126 

The cavalry drills 127 

Industrial exhibit 129-141 

Manufactures 131-132 

General Stark relics 133-135 

War relics 135 

201 



202 INDEX TO CONTENTS. 

Indian relics 135 

Antiquarian 137 

Books 137 

Firearms 137 

Clothing' and needlework 137-139 

Eleotric exhibit I.'i9-141 

Art department *. Hl-lSO 

Household utensils and cuokery 143 

The old residents 1'15 

Address of U'arren Harvey H8 

Address of Mayor Clarke 1 iS-UO 

Address of Hon. .Toseph Kidder. 149-13S 

Poem by Jlrs. Clara 1!. Heath l.-,9-162 

Address of Hon. David Cross 103-167 

Poem of Mrs. E. P. OfCutt 167-16S 

Organization of Old Residents' Association 170 

Kesidents of JIanchester in 18H> 171-180 

Banquet tendered by .Mayor Clarke 181-182 

Final meeting of advisory board 184 

Dedication of Weston Observatory 183 

Address of George I. McAllistei-, president of the day 1S7-188 

Delivery to the city by John C. French 190 

Acceptance by Mayor Clarke 191 

Oration by Hon. Edwin F. Jones 193-199 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Arch over Elm street 11 

Amoskeag- Veterans .ifl 

Abbott, Charles J VXl 

Art collection of Jlrs. W. W. Brown.... 14:i 

Bunton, Andrew Frontispiece 

Burnham, Edward J Frontispiece 

Buck, William E Frontispiece 

Barry, Kichard J Fi-ontispiece 

Brown, Hon. Hiram, first mayor 8 

Boyd. William n 

Board of Trade rooms 2'.'> 

Bartlett, Hon. Charles H 72 

Baldwin, Edwin T TG 

Bnrnham, Hon. Henry E 83 

Bradley, Et. Rev. T). U ',10 

Best disj^laj', trade parade 114 

Bennett, Andrew J llii 

Batehelder, Gen. Richard X 119 

Bnrke, L. C. B 142 

Blodget, Hon. Samuel 1.37 

Browning, Gardner K 18 

Currier, Hon. Moody Frontispiece 

Cheney, Hon. Person C Frontispiece 

Cilley, Col. Harry B Frontispiece 

Clark, Hon. Daniel 6 

Cross, Hon. David 9 

Clough, Herbert S 22 

Cathedral, St. Joseph's 32 

Clarke, Hon. William C 39 

City hall t>9 

Cross, Rev. Allen E 82 

Colby, Rev. N. L 87 

Clarke, John B 98 

Cilley building: 112 

Campbell, James M 98 

Cassidy, John P 144 

Cloug-h, Albert L 132 

Dodd, Capl . George A 47 

Dillon, Col. John J 110 

Dunning-, Rev. C. U 192 

Evans, Dana if Frontispiece 

Episcopal church 32 



Elm street, looking' north 74 

Elm street, looking south 93 

Elm and Hanover streets 110 

Exhibition drill by Troop F 128 

]':astman, Herbert W 183 

First Baptist church 33 

Fairbanks, Col. Henry B 43 

Falls of Xamoskeag 78 

First .schoolhoiise in Manchester 103 

First brick schoolhouse in ilanchester. . IDS 

French, John C 133 

Farmer, Mrs. Lucinda L 143 

Four oldest native residents 147 

Fellows, Hon. Joseph W 190 

Gott, John T Frontispiece 

Graf, Johann A 13 

Gannon, Cajit. John, Jr 43 

Germania Band 50 

Golden Rule Lodge, K. of P., float 70 

German Society float "Germauia" 70 

Gnertin, Rev. G. A 105 

Granite bridge in 1841 ISO 

Gilmore, Hon. George C 109 

Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M., officers of ISS 

Garmon, Abraham L 193 

Harvey, Warren Frontispiece 

Hanover-street church 33 

Holt, Howard C IS 

Heath, (George E 18 

Heath, Isaac L GO 

Healy. M. J 1'^ 

Herrick. Henry W 133 

Huse, Isaac 1-47 

Hunt, Hon. Nathan P lO*? 

Hayes, Charles C 196 

Jones, Hon. Edwin F 194 

Knowlton, Edgar J Frontispiece 

Kidder, Col. John S 9 

Kcnnard, The 130 

Kidder, Hon. Joseph 150 

Knowlton. Charles W 193 

Kidder, Nathan P 13 

203 



204 



IXPEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Lane, Rrig-. C.en. G. M. L 47 

Lyons. l{ev. John .1 105 

Lane, Thomas \V 112 

Lafayette Guards tug-of-war team 114 

Lincoln statue in city library 12.3 

Lamb, Fred W 142 

Libbey, Frank II IS 

Lockhart. Kev. R. W TO 

Mayor and aldermen, 1S96 is 

Mc.Mlester, Kev. W. C 34 

Morrison, Rev. W. 11 34 

:Mar.sh, Henry A 5S 

Masonic hall 58 

McAllister, George 1 04 

!Mills of Manchester 82 

MacDonald. Rev. William 87 

Manchester, from .Vmoskeng Kails 89 

Manchester bank building 100 

Monadnock and Upton blocks 100 

McGuiness, William J 105 

MaeDonald Parochial school 110 

Manchester Cadets 144 

Molly Stark cannon 138 

Moore, Mrs. J. C 147 

Merrill, William 1> 102 

New high school house ]ii2 

New Hampshire Insurance Co. building !)8 

Old town house 8 

Official invitation, fac simile of 24 

Old meeting-house at Manchester Center 27 

Old Hanover-street church 130 

Old McGregor gun 13S 

Old-fashioned kitchen 140 



Oldest native residents 147 

Old l{esident.s' .Association, Sept. 8, 1K97 172 

Old I'nion block • 153 

I'ostottices for fif cy years 16 

Piper, Capt. S. S 43 

Perkins, David P 110 

Proctor, Mrs. Luther S 142 

Perkins, David L 109 

Provost, Frank T IS 

Quirin, Joseph Frontispiece 

Rowley, Rev. C W 34 

Roberts, Rev. Daniel C 58 

Rossini quartet 76 

Roilclsperger, Herman F 112 

Robie, Mrs. Louisa B 147 

Reed, George W IS 

St. Paul's M. E. church 32 

Staff of chief marshal 47 

Soldiers' monument 89 

Straw schoolhouse lOS 

Stark, Gen. John 134 

Stark, home of Gen. John 136 

Tucker, Rev. William J 2S 

Trinity Commandery quartet 200 

Unitarian church 32 

Weston Observatory, laying corner-stone 54 

Weston, Hon. James A 01 

Wallace, Rev. Cyrus W 87 

Meston, Hill & Fitts building 112 

Wallace, Fred L 109 

Weston Observatory 186 

Wolf, Crhistian L IS 

Young ladies in costumes, 1840-18UO. . . . 140 



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