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Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

of Stratford, Connecticut, 1689, and the 
Descendants of his Son, Caleb Nicholls 






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Sergeant Francis Nicholls and the Descendants 
of his Son, Caleb Nicholls 




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To the memory of 

Majok Gekebal Joseph Wheeler, U. S. A., C. S. A. 

A lineal descendant of Caleb Nicholh, 

this volume is reverently dedicated 

by hi* kinsman, the Author. 


The authorities consulted in the preparation of this work 
were : Records of the Perogative Court, Canterbury, England ; 
Royal College of Arms, London, England ; Burke's Peerage 
and Commoner, Crozier's Armory ; Colonial Records of Con- 
necticut, Original Lists of Persons of Quality, (Hotten) ; As- 
pinwall's Notarial Records of Boston, Winthrop Papers, 
Savage's Genealogical Dictionary; town, church and private 
records of Stratford and Fairfield; Histories of Early 
Wethersfield, (Stiles); Springfield; Fairfield, (Schenck) ; Nor- 
walk, (Selleck) ; Stratford, (Orcutt) ; Woodbury, (Cothren) ; 
Wallingford, (Davis) ; Derby, (Orcutt) ; New London, (Caul- 
kins) ; United States, Records of Southold and Huntington, 
L. L; Memorial History of Hartford County, (Trumbull); 
Memorial History of Boston, Historical and Genealogical 
Notes by Rev. Samuel Orcutt, Rev. Benjamin Swan, Isaac 
Sherman, Esq., and personal reminiscences. 




Sergeant Francis Nicholls 


The Ancestors of Sergeant Nicholls 

ArTTis, Azure, a fesse bet three lions* heads ; 
Crest, a tiger segent. Ermine. 
Motto, Illi nunquam cedunt. 

Robert Nicholls, of London, married Elizabeth or Isabel, 
died 1548; they had three sons, Thomas (the elder), John, and 
Thomas the Younger; these children and his grandson Robert, 
son of Thomas, are mentioned in his will, dated and proved 20 
June, 1548, leaving a mansion in London, and large landed 

Thomas, eldest son of Robert, married Eliz. Popplewell, died 
1561. By his will, dated 11 October, 1558, and proved 31 
January, 1561, leaves real estate in various parishes of Lon- 
don and Tottenhall Court, etc., to his sons, Robert, Antony, 
Richard and John ; and, besides family legacies, £100 to ea,'ch 
of the four hospitals in London, and liberal remembrances to 
other charities. 

Antony, the second son of Thomas, and grandson of Robert, 
married Mary Waldron of Say Co., Somerset. Their children 
were: Francis, Antony, William and Elizabeth. On the monu- 
ment of his daughter Elizabeth, Antony is mentioned as of 
Paddington Esq. (Paddington is now a part of London.) 

Francis, of Ampthill, Bedford Co., the eldest son of Antony, 
is described in the pedigree of 1628, as of the Middle Temple, 
one of the squires of the Bath, and lies buried at Ampthill, 
about forty miles from London. He married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Sir George Bruce of Camock. The children of Francis 
Nicholls and his wife, Margaret Bruce, were: 

Edward, bom ante 1600. 

Francis, bom ante 1600. 

Bruce (a daughter), borii ; married John Frecheville 

(baron) of Stavely, Derby, and died in 1629. He died in 1682. 

12 Sergeant P'rancis Nicholls 

Richard, bom , was Governor of New York in 1664, and 

returned to Enf^land in 1667. 

In 1613 the custody of the Great Park at Ainpthill in Bed- 
fordsliirc, was granted to Lord Bruce, father of Margaret, the 
honor of Ain|)thill being vested in the Crown, antl under this 
arr/mgeincnt the Nicliollses were for many years lessees of 
Amj)thill (Jn-at Park under the Bruces and resided at the Great 
liodge, or Capitol Mansion, as it was then styled and is now 
occupied by Lady Anipthill, one of the late Queen Victoria's 
Ladies-in-Waiting, and is called by the villagers " The Park 

The following is a literal translation of the inscription (in 
Latin) on the monument erected to the memory of Col. Richard 
Nicholls, in the English Church at Ampthill : 

"Here lies interred in the tomb with his most estimable 
parents, and always most closely united with them by frlial 
affection, Richard Nicholls, son of Francis Nicholls and Mar- 
garet Bruce, a groom of the bed chamber to his Highness, 
James, Duke of York. In the year 1643, having abandoned 
the seats of the muses (college), he conunanded a troop of horse 
in the Civil War, and was a bold and intrepid youth. In the 
year 1661', having become ripe in age, and martial science, he 
was sent out to North America invested with command, and 
having disposed the Dutch, he restored Long Island and other 
Islaruis tf» their rightful master, and honored them with the 
names of his Lord, and was their Governor for the space of 
three years. He was distinguished in College, in War, at 
Court, in Majesty, in literature, in Virtue, in frankness of 
Soul, in prudence, was beloved by all for his character, and 
was perfectly upright in all his transactions. On the 28 of 
May 1672, while gallantly fighting on board the flagship 
against the Same Dutch, he fell pierced through by a large 
Cannon ball. He had for his brothers besides William, who 
died at an Early period, Edward and Francis, both of them 
Captains of foot, who impatient of the vile Slavish tyrrany 
which at that time opp'-essed England, preferred Exile, if 
Exile, it Can be Called, to follow after a banished King — and 
dying, departed for their Heavenly Country, the former at 
Paris, and the other at the Court of the Hague." 

On the top of the monument rests the cannon ball that killed 

NicHOLLS OF Ampthill 18 

him, and above it is the inscription : " Instrumentum mortis 

Of the sons of Francis and Margaret (Bruce) NichoUs, 
chroniclers tell us : " Edward and Francis held military offices 
in the Royalist Cause, and were compelled to flee the country 
and never returned ; that Edward died at Paris, while Francis 
went to the Hague, thence to the Continent of North America, 
which was commonly called in England at that period : — * the 

Indies.' " 

Apropos of the foregoing are the following-named legacies 
excerpted from the will of Sir Wm. Craford, Kt. of Beckerings 
Park, Bedfordshire, dated U Feby, 1634, and probated 28 
May, 1636, which was recently discovered on file in the Preroga- 
tive Court, Canterbury, England: 

" To Margaret Bruce, wife of Francis NichoUs, £60. 
" Francis NichoUs, Esq., now in the Indies, £150." 

The death of Francis NichoUs, Sr., occurred in 1622; the 
will of his wife Margaret is dated 20 April, 1651. She ap- 
points William NichoUs (Dean of Chester) and her "ancient 
servant," Thomas Green (alias Hodson), executors; she leaves 
all her effects to the relief of her son Francis. 

That Francis NichoUs of Stratford was recognized as a 
military man is evidenced by the following enactment of the 
General Court of Connecticut in 1639: 

"Ordered, that Commissioners be sent to confer with the 
planters of Pequonock (Stratford), to give them the oath of 
fidelity, and to make such free as they see fit ; order them to send 
one or two deputies to the General Court in September and 
April, and for deciding of differences and controversies under 
40s. among them, and give them power to choose among them- 
selves, with liberty to appeal to the Court here, as also to as- 
sign Sergt. NichoUs to train the men and exercise them in 
military discipline." 

When Francis NichoUs came to Stratford, Conn., he was ac- 
companied by his four children, namely: John, Isaac and 
Caleb, and a daughter whose Christian name is not disclosed by 
the records. She married Richard Mills, one of the original 
proprietors of the township. Among Mr. Mills* noteworthy 
proprietary holdings was the beautiful elevated plateau, which 

14 Skikjkant Fhancih Nicifollh 

fnrdiN llic Nniillitrly lioi'dir of SI nil ford, overlooking^ Long 
Isi/itMJ Sontid; wIionc wmvcn lave iU rocky ouliiiu'. 

Iiiiiiicdi.itcly upon tlio actiuircnicnt of the territory by Mr. 
Mills it was duhhed by the good townsfolk, " Mills' Lordship," 
a title which it bore until about a century later when, coining 
into the possession of the NicoU family of Long Island, it was 
re-christened the " Nicoll I^ordship." 

Richard Mills and his wife sojourned at Stratford but a 
short time; eventually settling in Westchester Co., N. Y., and 
became the ancestors of several noted and wealthy families 
bearing the same patronymic; one of whom being popularly 
regarded at the j)resent time as the fin flcur of American 
societ y. 

Francis Nicholls was apj)areiitly a widower when he came 
to Stratford, as the records there do not make any mention of 
his wife. He married, however, a second time in 1645, Anna, 
daughter of " I)ea." Barnabas Wines, of Southold, L. I., by 
whom he had one child, a daughter. 

After Francis Nicholls' decease, which occurred in 1650, 
his widow was thrice married; first, to Mr. John Elton, a 
•wealthy planter of Southold; second, to Capt. John Tooker, of 
Seatauket, L. L; and third, to Col. John Youngs, son of Rev. 
John Youngs, the first minister at Southold. 

Our authority for the latter marriage is a bond in the 
Southold records, for £300, executed by said Col. John Youngs, 
to enter into marriage with Mrs. Anna Nicholls Elton Tooker. 

Anna, the daughter of Francis and Anna (Wines) Nicholls, 
married Christopher Youngs, Jr., nephew of her step-father 
number three. Francis Nicholls probably died intestate, as his 
will has never been found, but annexed is a copy of the inven- 
tory of his personal eflfccts, as spread upon the probate records 
of Stratford: 


" An inventory of ye estate of Francis Nicholls, lately de- 
ceased, Jany ye 16th 1650: 

-"'-,.■>. .-■.';,■ '■ - ' . ;' - £. s. d. 

Viz. : one bed, 2 pillows, four blankets 1-18-0 

" four sheets 1-10-0 

" two potts & kettles 1-7-0 

« all pewter 0-16-0 


£. ». (I 

Viz.! all woodcnwrviv ^ ^'^ 

** white & colored linen : *" ^'^ 

« nails «-^^-^ 

« two shawls, 1 coat, bandolier ^ sword »-16-8 

« All old iron, one Hrkin of soap 1-14-0 

« j^\ — two and irons, brass ^ *"^ 

" 1 Pair boots & shoes S- "S-O 

« 1 hat ^ ^^ 

«♦ 5 bushels Indian Com 

" 12 bushels of peas ^ a 

« __ yards — silk ^ J-^ 

« «jug8,lchest 0-18-0 

" » tables • ^ "■" 


King Robert Bruce, 1334. 

Robert Bruce of Clackmanan, 1867. 

Sir Edward Bruce, 

Sir Robert Bruce, 1893. 

Sir David Bruce, 

Sir David Bruce, 1497. 

Sir Robert Bruce, 

Edward Bruce, 1665. 

Robert Bruce, — — 

Sir George Bruce of Camock. 

Margaret Bruce, married Francis Nicholls, Sr. 


As stated, Caleb Nicholls came to Stratford with his father 
and other members of tlie family in 1639, and about 1650 he 
married Ann, a daughter of Andrew and Esther Shcnnan 
Warde, of Fairfield. 

He resided at Stratford until about 1670, when, with most 
of his family, he removed to Woodbury, Conn., although re- 
taining all his proprietary rights at Stratford, which, to- 
gether with his plantation at Woodbury (according to his 
last will and testament, a copy of which is subjoined), were 
devised to his wife and children and afforded each a handsome 

Caleb Nicholls evidently enjoyed the esteem of his fellow- 
citizens of Stratford during his protracted residence there, as 
on several occasions tliey honored him with the (in primitive 
days) important office of " Townsman " (Selectman) ; the 
Townsman being, as it were, the moral and economic conserva- 
tor of the township. 

In 1661, while an incumbent of the office in question, along 
with his two associates, Samuel Sherman and John Kurd, 
Esquires, he purchased from the Indians in behalf of the inhabi- 
tants of Stratford, a vast tract of land, a description whereof 
is given in the appended deed: 

" This indenture made the 4th day of Dec. in the Year of 
Our Lord Christ one thousand, six hundred and sixty-one, be- 
tween Towtanamy and his Mother, the wife of Ansantaway, 
being Chief Sagamore of Paugasit, on the one parte and Samuel 
Sherman, John Kurd and Caleb Nicholls, Townsmen, in the 
name of the inhabitants of the town of Stratford in the Colony 
of Connecticotc on the other parte; Whereas the said Towtan- 
amy is now lawfully seized to him and his hearyers and assigns 
forever of and to all that plot of land lying and being between 
the Near Milne River, commonly so-called by the English, and 
being bounded South and Northeast on the Stratford River 
(Housatonic) and West by the Bare Swamp, called by the 

Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 17 

Indians Makaron, North East on Black Brook's mouth. Now 
this indenture, Witnesscth that the said Towtanamy, and in 
the name of all the rest of the Indians of Paugasit, for and in 
consideration of twelve pound worth of trading cloth and one 
blanket to him in hand payed before the writing hereof by the 
sayed Samuel Sherman, John Hurd and Caleb Nicholls, and 
for other considerations, him the sayd Towtanamy, thereunto 
moving, hath given, granted, bargained, Sould, enfcefed, con- 
firmed, and by these presents, do give ... to Samuel 
Sherman, John Hurd and Caleb Nicholls and the inhabitants of 
Stratford aforesayed, forever, all and every parte of the sayd 
parcell of the land above written, being between the Mill Rivers ; 
and all the sayed Towtanamy's right and interest thereto." 
" Towtanamy, Sagamore. (His mark.) 

" Ansantaway. (His mark.) 

"Miktine. (His mark.) 

"Chipes." (His mark.) 

The foregoing deed describes substantially the territory 
known as " Nicholls Farm," hereinafter mentioned. 


" Know ye that I, Caleb Nicolcs of Woodbury, in ye County 
of Fairfield and in the Government of Connecticut in New 
England in America, now being in good health and of fast 
memory, and considering it the duty of every person to set his 
house in order before he dies, and :^ith other good considerations 
me, ye said Calib, thereunto answering, do make this my last 
will and testament. First, I give and bequeath to my eldest 
son, Samuel Nicoles, and his heirs, five shillings besides what 
I have given him already. 2d. I give and bequeath to my eldest 
son's child, Josi«^ Nicoles, four acres of land lying upon ye 
Grassy Hill in Woodbury, joining and near his father's, 
to him and his heirs; but if it should \appen that the said 
Josiah should die in his minority, o" -f he should not have a 
child of his own body to heir this land, the said land shall 
return to be divided with my other lands. Thirdly: I would 
have all my lands and meadows which are at Woodbury divided 
into three parts equally, both in quantity and quality, and two 
parts within which shall be the homestead which I now live upon, 
I give and bequeath to my well-beloved wife and my son Job. 

18 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

Nirliolos witli th" house nnd all other buildinpfs upon it, ye 
Kaid homestead, and a third part of ye movables. I give and 
beciucath to my well-beloved wife, Ann Nicolcs, to have full 
power to dispose of when and to whom she pleaseth, but as for 
ye home lot and other lands before mentioned to my wife and 
son John, my wife Ann shall have ye housing, orchard, and 
garden and such other lands as she has occasion of to use, so 
long as she remaineth my widow, and in case this should not 
be enough for my wife to get her a sufficient maintainencc out 
of, my son John shall provide his mother at such time and 
stich necessaries as she shall have occasion for, and in case 
my son John faileth of supplying his mother as aforesaid, my 
wife Ann shall have full power to sell my several parcels of land, 
if it is out of lands within ye two-thirds belonging to my wife 
and son John, and if my wife Ann do alter her condition by 
m/irn'age, then my son John shall have possession of all ye 
said land of his mother, had in y>roportion, but if my wife do 
marry and bury her husband and is so poore that she is willing 
to return to my plantation from whence she went, then my son 
John shall receive her and let her have which room she asketh 
in the flwelling house, and shall have all other privileges as she 
had before, in like manner it shall be; if she marry a second 
tiiTie my son John shall have all yc two-thirds of land in Wood- 
bury, as aforementioned with the buildings upon it after his 
mother's decease. Fourthly : I give unto my son Caleb the 
other third part of my land and meadows at Woodbury. 
Fifthly: I give unto my son Abraham ten acres of land to be 
taken out of my two and thirty acres which is at Coram Hill 
near Pangasitt, in case my wife's children be gone from Wood- 
bury and are willing to live at Stratford ; then my son Abraham 
shall give her this land, the same in proportion and take a third 
part of ye land at Woodbury until such time as they shall 
return and yc said land at Stratford shall be equally divided 
between my wife and sons until they return to Woodbury. 
Again my wife having two-thirds of all yc rooms in ye house. 
Sixthly : I will have all ye debts paid out of yc remaining part 
of all my land and ye two parts of movables, and after my 
debts are paid, then I give and bequeath unto my three daugh- 
ters, Mary, Anna, and Pheby, all ye rest of ye land and ye mov- 
ables. If ye will be not enough to make my three daughters* 
possesions half as large as my three sons ; then my wife and sons 


Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 19 

shall make it so much of theirs ; but if ye said land and movables 
do amount to more than half so much as my three sons is, then 
the others — shall return to my sons. Seventhly: I give and 
bequeath unto my sons-in-law, Moses Wheeler, John Prentice 
and William Martin, five shillings apiece, if they demanded it; 
it being in full of my daughters* portions. I do appoint my 
trusty friends, Mr. Zacheriah Walker, Capt. John Minor, John 
Sherman, to be my overseer to my will performed according to 
the true intent and meaning hereof, and for a confinnation of 
this, my last will and testament, I have hereunto set my hand 
and seal this 14th day of ye 6th month, 1690. 
In the presence of: 


" Caleb Nicolbs. 

" John Cole. 

" John Willlvms." 

Caleb Nicholls' children were : 

1 Sarah, born Dec. 1, 1651. 

2 Ann, bom March 6, 1653. 

3 Esther, bom Feb. 17, 1656. 

4 Joseph, bom Dec. 25, 1656. 

6 Samuel, bom March 29, 1658. 

6 Andrew, born Nov. 28, 1659. 

7 Abraham, bom Jan. 29, 1662. 

8 Abigail, bora Feb. 6, 1664; married William Martin. 

9 Hannah, bora Aug., 1666. 

10 Caleb, bom Feb., 1668. 

11 Phebe, bom Nov. 12, 1671. 

12 Mary, bora 1673. 

13 John, bora — — 1676. 

1 SARAH NICHOLLS. Married Moses Wheeler, Jr., 
of Stratford, October 20, 1674. Moses Wheeler's sister Eliza- 
beth married (1) Samuel, son of Rev. Adam Blakeman, the 
first vr .nister at Stratford ; "I) Jacob, son of Robert Walker. 
The' daiighter Mary marriea Abraham Wooster, and of their 
issue was Gen. David Wooster, an illustrious Revolutionary 
oflBcer of Connecticut. 


14 Moses Wheeler, born July 8, 1676. 
16 Caleb Wheeler, bora Jan. 29, 1676-7. 

20 Skroeant Francis Nicholli 

16 Sarah Wlicclcr, bom June 26, 1678. 

17 Nathan Wheeler, bom Jan. 31, 1680. 

18 Samuel Wheeler, bom Feb. 27, 1681-2. 
10 Jatiies Wheeler, born Oct. 23, 1683. 

20 l{obert Wheeler, bom May 18, 1686. 

21 Elizabeth Wheeler, bom Au^. 18, 1687. 
Major-General Joseph Wheeler, C. S. A., U. S. A., was 

nmon/^ the distin^ished descendants of Moses and Sarah 
(Nirliolls) Wheeler. General Wheeler's Hncapjc is as follows; 

Samuel, married (1) Mary Brinsmadc, May, 1708; married 
(2) Lois Hi^^s. 

James, born July, 17J6; married Sarah Johnson, May 19, 
1736. . 

Joseph, born IMay 2, 1748; married Lucy Smith 1773. 

Joseph, born Au^. 9, 1787; married Julia Knox Hull. 

Joseph, bom Se|)t., I'f36. 


Joseph Wheeler was born at Augusta, Ga., son of Joseph 
and Julia Knox (Hull) Wheeler, of Derby, Conn. Thus Gen- 
eral Wheeler was descended in a double line from Caleb and 
Ann (Warde) NichoUs; his paternal ancestor being Gen. Wil- 
liam Hull of tlie United States Army during the war of the 

J()s('j)h Wheeler was graduated from the U. S. Military 
Academy in 1859 and assigned to the dragoons. After a 
year's service at tlie Cavalry School f«)r practice at Carlisle, Pa., 
ho received the full rank of second lieutenant, but on the 22d 
of A[)ril, 1861, resigned and entered the Confederate Army. 
He was made colonel of the 19th Alabama infantry on the 
4th September, 1861, and sened principally in the West. At 
Shiloh he commanded a brigade and covered the Confederate 
retreat from the field. In Julv, 1862, he was transferred to 
a cavalry command and engaged in raiding in western Ten- 
nessee. During the Kentucky campaign of that year he had 
charge of General Braxton Bragg's cavalry and fought at 
Green River and Perryville. He commanded the rear-guard 
of the Confederate Army when it retreated into Tennessee, 
and on October 30, 1862, was promoted brigadier-general. At 

Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants SI 

Murfreesboro he was in charge of the cavalry, and thereafter 
he was continuously active in contesting Gen. William Rose- 
crans' advance, also attacking his flanks, raiding in the rear 
and destroying his trains. On January 19, 1863, he received 
his commission as major-general and opposed the National 
advance on Chattanooga. He commanded the cavalry at 
Chickamauga and after the battle crossed Tennessee River, and 
fell upon Rosecrans' line of communication, defeating the force 
that was sent against him and destroying twelve hundred 
wagons with stores. On this raid he succeeded in damaging 
National property to the value of $3,000,000, but after losing 
six hundred men was driven back to northern Alabama ; subse- 
quently he took part in the siege of Knoxville and covered 
Braggs' retreat from Mission Ridge and Lookout Mountain. 
During the winter and spring he continually harassed the 
National troops, and on the advance of Gen. William T. Sher- 
man's army toward Atlanta, he opposed every movement, and 
fought almost daily, often with his own men dismounted. 
During July 27-30 he fought the raiding force of Gen. George 
Stoneman, Gen. Kennar Garrard and Gen. Edward M. McCook, 
and captured many prisoners, including General Stoneman, 
and all the artillery and transportation. On August 9, 1864, 
he was sent by Gen. John B. Hood to capture the National 
supplies, burn bridges, and break up railways in the rear of 
General Sherman's army. Passing through northern Georgia 
he went into Tennessee as far as the Kentucky line, and thence 
through middle Tennessee back into northern Alabama. Dur- 
ing this raid, which lasted one month, he was continuously 
engaged and ruined much property. He was unsuccessful in 
destroying Sherman's communications and was finally driven 
back by the National cavalry when the Confederate commander 
became convinced of the impossibility of arresting Sherman's 
advance. Wheeler was sent in front of the army to prevent 
the National troops from raiding and foraging. He then 
engaged in the defence of Aiken, received the thanks of the 
legislature of South Carolina. 

General Wheeler received his promotion to the rank of lieu- 
tenant-general on February 28, 1865, and continued in charge 
of the cavalry under Gren. Joseph E. Johnston until the sur- 
render in Aj- i, 1866. The death of Gen. E. B. Stewart on 
May 11, IS /4, made him senior cavalry general of the Con- 

22 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

federate Annies. After the war he studied law, which profes- 
sion and the occupation of cotton planting he followed until 
1880, when he was elected to Congress as a Democrat, and 
took his seat December 5, 1881 ; but his place was successfully 
contested bv William M, Lowe and was unseated June 3, 1882. 
lie was re-elected to the same Congress on the death of Mr. 
Lowe a few months later. In May, 1898, he was made a 
major-general of volunteers and conmianded the cavalry divi- 
sion of the Anny of Santiago in the Spanish War, taking part 
in the battles of I>as Guaisinms and San Juan; and was senior 
member of the commission which negotiated the surrender of 
the S|)anish army and territory at Santiago. After n brief 
visit to the United States he was assigned to command the 
First IJrigade Second Division of the Army in the Philippines, 
where he served from August, 1899, till January 24, 1900, and 
was retired on September 10th following. 

The following tribute to Gen. Joseph Wheeler, clipped from 
the New York Times, tersely sums up the character of the 


" Peace hath her inctories 
No less rcnozcncd than war." 

Gen. Joseph Wheeler was a great and natural leader, and his 
achievements were of no less renown in peace than in war. 
Distinguished as a sohher and as a commander of dashing intrc- 
j)i(hty, yet with cool and decisive judgment, he won even greater 
laurels in ci\il life, I'or his work as a statesman is worthy of 
the higliest coimnendation — not alone on account of its intrinsic 
merits, but because of its influence in the unification of a divided 
country. As a member of Congress he exerted a distinct and 
potent revitalizing influence in the restoration of peace, order, 
and security ; and his work as a citizen — calm, forceful, just, 
patriotic — was no less effective. And when the war with Spain 
broke out his prompt offer of military service served to align 
the whole South in the cause of Cuba. 

It was not so much the progress of events as the character 
and virtues of the Southern men which effected the complete 
restoration of the Union and the extinction of civil strife. The 
broad and conservative action, the exalted patriotism and sense 

Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 23 

of duty displayed by a class of men of whom General Wheeler 
was an acknowledged leader, served to coalesce the divided ele- 
ments of the North and South. 

General Wheeler was a member of a brilliant coterie of South- 
em men who have come to New York or its vicinity to engage 
in various lines of work or to enjoy well-earned repose. These 
men have exerted in metropolitan life a distinct and ennobling 
influence — an exalted sense of duty, justice, and honor — the 
cardinal principles of the old yet still vital Southern chivalry. 

George Allen Benham. 

Cortland, N. Y., January 27, 1906. 

j; Sarah, a daughter of Capt. James Wheeler, great grandson 

\ of Caleb and Ann (Wardc) Nicholls, married Stephen Whit- 

» ney, grandfather of the eminent New York merchant, Stephen 

\ Whitney, of the last century. 



Nathaniel Wheeler, of Bridgeport, Conn., was bom at Water- 
town, Conn., September 7, 1820; son of David and Sarah (De 
\ Forest) Wheeler, and descended from Moses, Jr., and Sarah 

(Nicholls) Wheeler 
! Nathaniel Wheeler was the chief organizer of the Wheeler 
I & Wilson Sewing Machine Company in October, 1853; and 
'' was made its general manager. In 1855 he was elected its 
) president, retaining the office until his death, which occurred 
I December 3, 1893. 

i Nathaniel Wheeler was justly regarded as the most active 

and public-spirited of Bridgeport's citizens during a long resi- 
dence there, and although he never aspired to political prefer- 
ment, was several times chosen to represent Bridgeport in both 
the upper and lower houses of the State legislature. He wos 
one of the commissioners appointed to design and supervise 
the constmction of the State capitol at Hartford ; was a direc- 
tor of the City National Bank ; an incorporator of the People's 
Savings Bank; vice-president of the Board of Education of 
Bridgeport and a director of the New York, New Haven and 
Hartford Railroad. 

Nathaniel Wheeler was twice married. First to Miss Hulda 

24 Sergeant Francis Niciiolls ; 

Uradloy, of Wnlcrtown, Conn., by whom he had issue: 
iMartha, Samuel H., and Ellen B. ; the latter married Edward 
W. Ilarral, of Bridgeport. He married, second, Mary E. 
Crissy, by whom he had issue : Harry DeForest, William Bishop, 
Archer Crissy, and Harry Penoyer. i 

After Mr. Wliccler's death his son, Samuel H., succeeded to | 
the presidency and general management of the Company; } 
which position he retained until its recent consolidation with ; 

the Singer Sewing Machine Company. \ 


3 KSTIIKH NICHOLLS. ISfarricd John Prentice, of 
Woodbury; Niibscqiicritly of New London, where he waH conv* 
Miaiider of I he fori from 1(1!)!^ lo 17()!i. High HJienir of NeV 
London County in ITOfi and county surveyor for many years. 
He was also a shipowner and master; his vessels besides bemg 
engaged in foreign and domestic commerce were frequently 
enlisted in patriotic enterprises in behalf of the Colony. 

5 SAMUEL NICHOLLS. Married Susan, widow of 
Thomas Fairchild. He died in 1G91 at Woodbury. 

22 Josiah, bom July 25, 1687. 
2.3 Andrew, baptized March 10, 1088. 

7 AHKAHAM NICHOLLS. Married December 3, 

1084, ll/uhel, d/iughter of Daniel and Kellogg, of Nor- 

walk, Conn. He (Vui not accompany the family to Woodbury; 
remaining at Stratford to supervise his father's plantation and | 
proprietary interests there, a large portion of which, compris- ) 
ing several thousand acres coming to him by inheritance, and I 
which acreage was greatly augmented during his lifetime by ; 
proprietary distribution. , [ 

About 1700 Abraham Nicholls erected for himself a home- 
stead upon his lordly domain, and which, according to the 
description vouchsafed by persons now living, who chanced to 
view it while yet standing in the early part of the nineteenth 
century, was an immense gambrel-roofcd structure of a ram- 
bling style of architecture, situated upon an eminence, afford- 
ing an unobstructed vista of the surrounding landscape and at 
the southward, about four miles distant, the shimmering bosom 

I Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 25 

I •- 

j of Long Island Sound. There it stood for decades, without 

I a neighboring habitation within a circuit of several miles; 
while the sepulchral quietude of its surroundings was rarely 
broken, even bj the echo of a sound adequate to dispel the day 
dreams, or waken the nocturnal slumbers of its peaceful inhabi- 
tants, save that of the casual lowing of kine, the appealing 
cadence of the whip-poor-will at nightfall, or the grewsome 
howling of wolves. 

After Abraham Nicholls' decease the broad acreage was duly 
apportioned to his heirs, who in turn bullded their own home- 
steads tlicrcon, and soiling portions of their heritage to others 
for ft like purpose, thus the section now known as the Villftge of 
Nicljols soon bccftmc ft populous center, and is regarded by the 
esthetic as one of the ideal village sites of southern Connecticut. 
The naming of the vast territory " Nicholls' Farm " was coeval 
with its acquirement by Abraham Nicholls. 

The original homestead house was last occupied by Abra- 
ham Nicholls' great grandson, Hezekiah Nicholls, Esq., but 
at his decease, along with its capacious slave quarters, the 
venerable gambrel-roofed manse was taken down, and with it 
I the estate lost, to use a simile, its prestige as a " manor." 
j The homestead site is in the possession of a scion of Abra- 
I ham Nicholls, Mrs. Charles S. French, who resides thereon. 
I It is ft subject of profound regret on the part of many of the 
} descendants of Abraham Nicholls that neither his will nor the 
\ inventory of his estate can be found of record. 


Children : 

24 Joseph, bom Sept. 21, 1686. , ^ 

23 Daniel, bom April 7, 1687. ' '^^' '< Z;^- /' ^/ ' ^'^7 

I 26 Hester, bora Oct. 31, 1689; married Elnathan Peet.' 

I 27 Rachel, born Nov. 9, 1691 ; married Ephraim Booth. 

I 28 Abraham, bora Sept. 15, 1696. 

I 29 Avis, bom Nov. 7, 1698. )_, . 

I 80 Eunice, baptized Dec. 7, 1698 J "®' 

I 81 Ruth, bom March, 1701. 

I 32 Phebe, bora July 22, 1703. 

/ 10 CALEB NICHOLLS. Went with the family to 

I Woodbury, where he died, unmarried, April 14, 1706. In his 
I will, dated March 6th, of the same year, he appoints his 


Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

brothers, Abraham and John, executors, and to whom, together 
with liis sisters, Abigail, Martin, IMary Hull, Phebe Knell, and 
Hannah (Anna) Nichols, he bequeaths legacies. 

11 PHEBE NICHOLLS. Married Isaac, son of Nicho- ,i 
las and Elizabeth Newman Knell, of Stratford. His mother ' i 
was a daughter of Governor Francis Newman of the New | I 
Haven Colony. ij 

12 MARY NICHOLLS. IVIarricd Joseph Hull, of 
Derby, Conn., January 20, 1691 ; died April 6, 1733. 

Children : 

83 Daniel Hull, bom Nov. 15, 1692. 

34. Mary Hull, born Aug. 2, 1693. 

an JoNcph Hull, bom May 2H, 16941. 

,36 Caleb Hull, born i'Vb. 7, 1().)6. 

37 Andrew Hull, born July 13, 1698. 

38 Mary Hull, bom Sept. 13, 1699. 
,39 Sarah Hull, bom Aug. 13, 1701. 

40 Obiah Hull, born Dec, 1703. 

13 JOHN NICHOLLS. Married Jane, daughter of 
John and Mary (Rrinsmado) Hostwick, of Hartford. They 
resided at Woodbury, where he died in 1727. 


41 Sarah, baptized March, 1707. 

42 Caleb, bom Dec, 1708; died young. 

43 John, born April, 1711. 

44 Caleb, bom March 18, 1713. 
Andrew, born Oct. 6, 1715. 
Josepli, bom June 28, 1718. 
Mary, bom July 7, 1720. 
Phebe, born , 1722; married Elisha Baker. 


Samuel, bom March 10, 1724. 
Mary, sinter of Elisha Baker, married Joseph Allen, and one 
of their children was Ethan Allen — thus Phebe (Nicholls) 
Baker became aunt to the illustrious hero of " Ticonderoga and 
Crown Point." 

22 JOSIAH NICHOLLS. Married Mabel, widow of 
John Griswold, and sister of Rev. Daniel Boardman, of New 

Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 27 

Milford. She was aunt to U. S. Senator Elijah Boardman. 
Josiah Nicholls resided in Danbury. 

24 JOSEPH NICHOLLS (CAPT.). Married Mary, 
daughter of " The Worshipful " Joseph and Bethia (Boothe) 
Curtiss, December 26, 1704. Joseph, being the eldest son, 
succeeded to the homestead at the manor of Nicholls* Farm 
and was one of its most prominent and wealthy citizens. In 
1738 he was appointed by the Greneral Court captain of the 
Fourth Regiment or " train band " of the town of Stratford. 
After his decease his widow married Henry Hawley, Esq. Had 
issue by first wife only. 

Children : 

50 John, bom May 9, 1705. 

51 Mary, bom June 7, 1707. 
62 Natlian, born Doc. 1, 1709. 

53 Joseph, born June 16, 1712. 

54 Abigail, bom Jan. 1, 1715. 
56 Sarah, bora June 9, 1717 ; married Ebenezer Beecher. 

56 Eunice, bom Oct. 1, 1719. 

57 Elizabeth ; married John French. 

68 Martha. 

69 Andrew, baptized Jan., 1723-24. 


" In the name of God, amen, this 14th day of September, 
Anno Domini, 1742, I, Joseph Nichols, of ye parish of Unity 
i in ye bounds of Stratford in ye County of Fairfield and in ye 
I Colony of Connecticut in New England, being very sick of body 
I but of sound mind and calling to mind yt. it is appointed for 
all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and 
: Testament. 

' In primis, I give my soul unto ye hands of God, yt. gave it, 
and my body I rcccomend unto ye earth, to be buried in 
I' Christian decent burial at ye direction of my executors here- 
after named and as to what Morldly estate it has pleased God 
to bless me with here in this life I give and dispose of yt. same 
in ye following manner and form: My just debts and funeral 
charges being first satisfied and paid as hereafter mentioned, 
my Will is that thirty pounds money be paid out of my movable 
estate of the rate of old tenor money, bills of credit, for ye 


28 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

payiiiont of my just debts anrl for yc payment of ye remaining 
part of my debts, I order and impower my executors in this 
Will hereafter named, to sell as much of my land at Booth's 
Hill, fio-callcd, h'lnfr at yc southward part of sd. Hill in sd. 
Str.itford to be by them sold for ye payment of my remaining 
debts aforesaid and said land of which I hereby order part of 
yc whole to be sold as need may be and is bounded West by ye 
Ivist sfrcajn of l*cquftnnuck River, South by my son John 
Nicliols, Ivist by a brook parting; Quimby's Hill and Booth's 
Hili /itid is in (|ii;intity »d)out fifty acres, be yc same more or 

Item. — I fr'iw uiifo Mary, niy well-beloved wife, ye one-half 
of my movcal)le estate to use and dispose of as she shall see 
cause, after ye above first thirty pounds is paid for ye payment 
of part of said debts, and also yc use and improvement of one- 
third part of my present dwelling house and one-third part of 
•my barn near said house duririfr her natural life and also ye 
imj)rovoment and use of one-third part of my land joining to 
said house, called my homestead and yc liberty of getting one 
load of salt hay during her natural life. 

Item, — I give unto my son, John Nichols, and unto his heirs 
and assigns forever, yc e<|ual half of my salt meadows lying 
in yc great meadow so-called on yc west side of my lot there and 
also five acres of land lying on I'ilders Hill, so-called, joining \ 
to Israel Beach's land in vc bound of Stratford, and also 
twenty acres of hind lying on Walker's Hill, so-called, in ye j 
boiinih of hmIiI St nil ford on ye north wide of my lot there, yo 
IoIm of MilfM' of mIiicIi yc given preniises '\h a p/irt an; bounded 
as a|»pear of Stratford records. 

Item. — I give unto my son, Nathan Nichols, and unto his 
heirs and assigns forever yc several tracts of land meadow and i i 
sedge hereafter mentioned, lying in ye bounds of Stratford, |[ 
namely, viz. ; Twenty acres of land lying at Booth's Hill, so- | 
called, and is bounded West by the east stream of Pequannuck ^ 
River, North by ye Donee's land and South by my own land, 
yt. I may dispose of in this instrument, and East on ye brook 
parting Booth's Hill and Quimby's Hill, and one-half of my 
salt meadow in yc great meadow on ye east side of my lot there j\ 
— a id also two acres of sedge at yc rear of ye lot purchased of i 

Item. — I give unto my son, Joseph Nichols, of said Strat- i 

Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 29 

ford, and unto his heirs and assigns forever, ye several tracts 
of land and meadow hereafter mentioned all lying in ye bounds 
of said Stratford, namely, twenty acres of land lying on 
Walker's Hill, so-called, lying south of what I have above in 
this instrument given to my son, John Nichols, and ye equal 
half of one acre and a quarter of salt meadow called Brinsmade 
meadow, and one-half of ye sedge there at ye rear of said 

Item. — I give unto my son, Andrew Nichols, unto his heirs 
and assigns forever, ye several tracts of land, meadow and 
sedge hereafter mentioned, namely: Ye whole of my land called 
my homestead land and joining to my present dwelling house 
and my house and bnm standing thereon, two-thirds of which is 
to be enjoyed by my said son, Andrew, immediately at my 
death, with two-thirds of ye buildings and ye other third to 
be enjoyed by him after my wife's decease, and also ye remainder 
of my land at Walker's Hill that is not before in this instrument' 
disposed of, and ye equal half of one acre and a quarter of 
meadow called Brinsmade meadow, and one half of the sedge 
there at ye rear of said meadow. 

Item.— I also give to my four sons before-named and to 
their heirs and assigns forever, all my meadow in Misha Hill 
pond meadows, so-called, to be divided between them in equal 
shares among them, all my aforesaid sons living in ye bounds 
of said Stratford and ye given premises lying in said boundaries. 

Iti'in. — I give \in(o my (hiughtor, Mary Vixlec, wife of PctiT 
I'ixleo, five mouiuIn out of n>y vniaiv after yo rate of ohl tenor 
bills having given her at marriage what portion I thought 

Item. — I give unto my daughter, Abigail Shelton, wife of 
Samuel Shelton, of said Stratford, five pounds out of my estate 
after ye rate of old tenor money bills. 

Item. — I give unto my daughter Eunice, wife of Josiah 
Shelton, of said Stratford, five pounds out of my estate after 
ye rate of old tenor money bills. 
I Item. — I give unto my daughter Betty, those goods she 

formerly received and those goods in my custody, prepared for 
I her, an addition more of fifty pounds out of my estate after 
f ye rate of old tenor bills as a compleating of her portion. 
/' Item. — I give unto my daughter, Sarah Nichols, of Stratford, 

as her portion, one hundred and fifty pounds money after ye 




nitc (jf old iiioruy hills to be paid licr of yc Hale of land which 
I sliall order my executors, hereafter named, to sell and also 
what goods slie hath by her industry gained. 

Item. — I give unto my daughter, Martha Nichols, of said 
Stratford, one hundred and fifty pounds to be paid her out of 
ye sale of my land hereafter-mentioned, to be sold by my 
executors, hereafter named, and if there be not sufficient to 
make ye said sum, then to be allowed of ye moveables, and said 
one hundred and fifty pounds is to be understood after ye rate 
of old tenor money bills as compleating her portion. 

I do constitute and appoint my two sons, John Nichols and 
Nathan Nichols, aforesaid, to be sole executors of this my last 
Will and Testament, disallowing and revoking all other wills 
by trie before made, confinnlng, nillfying this, giving my said 
execnfors ye full |)ower of yo sellifig of ye land on booth's 
Hill not JM'fon' dinported of for yc p/iynient of Nuid legacieN and 
debJK, and if there uliall be a surplusage more than to pay naid 
debts and legacies, I freely give the same to Mary, my said 
wife, to dispose of 3'e same as she shall see cause, llfttlfying 
this and no other to be m}' last Will and Testament. In 
witness and confirmation hereof I set to my hand and seal in 
Stratford ye day and date first-mentioned. Interlined before 
signing ye words " yc equal half of lot not before disposed of," 
"but of sound mind." "Wife of Peter Pixlee, of said Strat- 

Joseph Nichols. [seai^] 

Signed, sealed, published and 

derlarcfl in presence of: . 


Danikt, Citrtis. 
T)roMA8 Pekt. 

2.5 DANIEL NICHOLLS. Married Hannah Feet. His 
will was dated May 4, 1740. 

i \ 

Children : 

60 Samuel. 

61 Daniel. 

62 Nathan Pcct, baptlzcfl July, 1725. 

63 Rachel ; married Isaac Jackson. 




Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 81 

28 ABRAHAM NICHOLLS. Married Abigail, daugh- 
ter of " Dea " Robert and Ruth (Wilcoxon) Walker. She was 
great-great-granddaughter of Robert Walker, one of the 
founders of the Old South Church of Boston ; she was also aunt 
to Gen. Joseph Walker, one of Connecticut's most iUustrious 
soldiers in the Revolutionary war. 


64 Hester, bom Sept. 16, 1719. 

65 Ruth, bom Dec, 1722 ; married John Hatch. 

66 Abraham, baptized Sept. 12, 1731. 

67 Robert, bora Feb. 1, 1734. 

35 JOSEPH HULL. Married Sarah, daughter of Dea- 
con Daniol Bennett, of Derby. This was the Deacon Bennett 
who entertained at hrcMikfaxt Oon(M'Hl Lafayette nnd bl« officer* 
while liJM army waw on rotito from Rhode iNland to Join Waiih- 
ington*8 forces at the Highlands. 

Children : - , 

68 Sarah Hull, bom Sept. 7, 1726. 

69 Joseph Hull, born Feb. 18, 1728. 

70 Elizabeth Hull, bom Sept. 18, 1731. 

71 Anna Hull, bom June 9, 1736. 

36 CALEB HULL. Settled in Cheshire, Conn. He was 
ancestor of Rear- Admiral Andrew Hull Foot, U. S. N., whose 
lineage is as follows: Mary, daughter of Caleb and Ann 
(Warde) Nicholls; married Joseph Hull, of Derby, Conn.; 
and had Caleb, who married Mercy Benham ; and had Andrew, 
who married Lowly Cook; and had Andrew (General), who 

' / married Elizabeth Mary Ann, daughter of Reuben Atwater, of 
I I Cheshire, and had Eudocia, who married Samuel Augustus 

/ Foot. 




Samuel Augustus Foot was a member of the 16th, 18th and 
23d Congresses ; U. S. Senator, 1827-33 ; Governor of Connec- 
ticut, 1834-36, and Presidential Elector in 1844. 

In the U. S. Senate, December 29, 1829, he was the member 

32 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

who introduced tlic resolution instructing the " Committee on 
pubhc lands" to. enquire into the expediency of limiting the 
gale of public lands, etc. This resolution incensed some of 
the Southern and Western Senators, and was the object which 
inspired the memorable debate between Webster and Hayne, 
and which involved the right of secession. 


Andrew Hull Foot was born at New Haven, September 12, 
IHOO. He WHH H cadet in the U. S. Military Academy in 1822, 
and left on December of the same year to enter the naval service 
as midshipiiiHn, lie was asslgni'd to the IT. S. schooner Gram- 
j)i(s of the West Indian S(|Uii(lron, operating ])iratical 
craft engaged in arnoying American conmierce. In December, 
18*^JJ, he was transferred to the Peacock, and sailed iNIarch 29, 
1H24, to the Pacific. While with the squadron he was trans- 
ferred to the frigate United States. In 1827 he was again with 
the West Indian Squadron, having been assigned to the 
Notches, and shortly after transferred to the Hornet. He 
was promoted lieutenant December 9, 1831, and ordered to the 
Delaware July 30, 1833; sailing her to the Mediterranean; 
was made connnander in 1850. He commanded the Brooklyn 
Navy Yard in 18.58-60, and the U. S. Navy, operating in con- 
junction with Fremont's Army, 1801-2; helping to build and 
equip the light draft gunboats. Part of his flotilla, under Com- 
mander Walker, assisted General Grant in landing the troops 
and capturing Camp Belmont, November 7, 1861, and saved 
the army from being captured in the retreat when the Con- | 
federates were re-enforced. \^ 

At Fort Henry, February 6, 1862, he led the gunboats in | 
the attack, and captured the fort before the arrival of Grant's 
troops. On February 14th, he took part in the reduction of 
Fort Donelson. On the 14th he arrived with six other gun- 
boats and commenced a brisk cannonade which was so effectually 
replied to as to force him to retire to long-range, while Grant ^ 
surrounded the fort ; cut off retreat and received the capitula- 
tion of the fort. He returned to Cairo on the morning of the 
16th, where he received the news of the surrender on February 


Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 83 

He subsequently participated in a number of other impor- 
tant engagements, but on account of the serious character of 
his wounds and exposure was retired from active duty, and on 
the 30th of July, 1862, was raised to the rank of rear-admiral. 

He received the thanks of Congress and of the State legis- 
latures, and was presented with a sword by the citizens of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. On the 4th of June, 1863, he was appointed 
commander of the South Atlantic blockading squadron to suc- 
ceed Rear-Admiral Dupont, and died while en route to assume 

39 SARAH HULL. Married, first, William Beach, 
Esq., of Stratford; second, Rev. Samuel Johnson, 1). D., whose 
first wife was Charity, widow of William Nicoll, of Isllp, L. L, 
and daughter of Richard Floyd, Esq., of Brookhaven, L. I., 
who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. 
William Nicoll was grandson of Matthias Nicoll,* the first 
English Secretary of the Colony of New York under Governor 
Richard Nicholls. 

Rev. Samuel Johnson was the first president of Kings (Co- 
lumbia) College, of New York, and father of William Samuel 
Johnson, the noted Connecticut statesman, whose wife was 
Anne, daughter of his step-parents, William and Sarah (Hull) 
Beach. Samuel W., their son, married, November 27, 1791, 
Susan, daughter of Pierrepont Edwards, of New Haven. 

The Johnson homestead at Stratford, erected by Rev. Samuel 
Johnson, is still standing, and occupied in the summer season 
' by Mrs. Susan Edwards Johnson Hudson, of New York. Mrs. 
Hudson is great-granddaughter of Hon. William Samuel John- 
j son, the Connecticut statesman, and great-great-great-grand- 
I daughter of William and Sarah (Hull) Beach; the latter being 
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Nicholls) Hull, and grand- 
daughter of Caleb and Ann (Warde) Nicholls. Mrs. Hudson 
is Regent of the Mount Vernon Ladies* Association for Connec- 
ticut and also its general secretary. 

43 JOHN NICHOLLS. Married, first, February 2, 

• No kinship has been proven to exist between Governor Richard 
Nicholls and his Secretary of the Province of New York, Matthias NicoU, 
who came from Islip, England. 


SI Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

1732-3, Elizabeth, dauglitcr of William and Martha (Judson) 
Preston ; second, Abigail, daughter of Jonathan and Mary 
Mitchell Judson ; third, Mary, daughter of Sergeant Isaac 

William Preston was a leading figure in the Colony; was a 
member of the General Court thirty-five sessions and attained 
to the rank of colonel in the militia; was justice of the quorum- 
eleven years, and upon the formation of the new County of Litch- 
field in 17/51 was appointed its first judge, which ofl^ce he held 
for several years, or imtil his death. 

Children, by first wife: 
Elizabeth, bom Feb. 9, 1733. 

('iiir.Diii.N, by second wife; 
1'2 Andrew, boni Oct., 173(1.' 
73 Caleb, born Aug. 7, 1738. 
71' Ann, born June, 1741. 
7.') Elisha, bom April 7, 1743. 

76 Sarah, baptized April 10, 1748. 

Children, by third wife: 

77 Elisha, baptized Aug. 7, 1757. 

78 Mary, baptized May 2, 1758. 

79 Susanna, baptized Oct. 20, 1751. 

80 Anna, baptized Jan. 29, 1766. 

46 dOSEPH MCIIOLES. Married Phebc Smith in 
1737. lie gra(hiate<l from Yale College in 1756, but did not 
prejxire for any profession. lie was a member of the General 
Assembly in 1739. He died in 1760 at Nicholls' farm, where 
he had resided the greater portion of his life. 

50 JOHN NICHOLLS. Married Bathsheba, daughter 
of Thomas and Sarah (Stiles) Welles. Her father was second 
in descent from Governor Thomas Welles, of Connecticut. 

81 Ephriam, bom Dec. 8, 1727. 

82 Ann, bom Sept. 26, 1730. 

83 Bathsheba, born March 8, 1731. 

84 Anna, baptized March 31, 1734. 

85 Abiah, born July 24, 1735. 



Cal£b Nicholls and His Descendants 85 

86 Naomi, bom Nov. 12, 1736. 

87 Eunice, baptized Oct. 14, 1738. 

88 Beulah, born March 23, 1740. 

89 Martha, bom April 6, 1742. 

90 Sarah, bom Aug. 28, 1743. 

91 Jerusha, bom March 6, 1750. 

61 MARY NICHOLLS. Married Peter Pixiee, Esq., of 

Old Mill, Stratford. 

Children : 

92 Eunice Pixlco, baptized May, 1729. 

93 Huldah Pixiee, baptized Aug., 1731 ; married (1) Jere- 

miah Judson ; (2) Stephen Burroughs, Esq. 

94 William Pixiee, baptized May, 1734. 
96 David Pixlcc, baptized Nov., 1742. 

96 Mary Pixiee, baptized Feb., 1760. 

Pixiee Judson, grandson of Jeremiah and Huldah (Pixiee) 
Judson, married Catherine Isabella, daughter of Isaac Nichols, 
Esq., and had, among other issue: David Judson, who married 
Phebe, daughter of Agur and Charity (Birdsey) Lewis. Their 
children were: 

97 Mary Lewis Judson ; married Dr. Edward Hitchcock, of 

Amherst, Mass., son of Professor Edward Hitchcock, 
D. D., LL. D., president of Amherst College. She is 
the distinguished author of the Hitchcock Genealogy. 

98 Caroline Judson. 

99 Lewis Henry Judson. 

100 Charles Frederick Judson. 

101 Charles Nichols Judson. 

102 Pixiee Judson. 

62 NATHAN NICHOLLS (LIEUT.). Married (1) 
Patience Hubbell, December 4, 1740; (2)Elizabeth. — He resided 
at Booth's Hill, Trumbull. He was appointed by the General 
Court, lieutenant of the train band of the town of Tnimbull, 
and was also a member of the " Committee of Safety ** during 
the Revolution. 

Children : 

103 David, bora Sept. 21, 1741. 

104 James, bom Aug. 30, 174S. 

36 Skroeant Francis Nicholls 

lOr, Nathan. 

106 Abijah. 

107 Eunice; married Eliakini Walker. 

108 Patience, bom Jan. 24, 1762; married Andrew Curtis. 
Miss IMartlia Edwards Beach, a lady of culture and distin- 
guished artistic tastes, of Bridgeport; Frederick C. Nichols, 
also of Bridgeport, and Judge David A. Nichols, of Monroe, 
Conn,, are lineal descendants of Lieut. Nathan and Patience 
(Hubbell) Nicholls. 

53 JOSEPH NICHOLLS. Married Abigail Edwards, 
September 17, 1741. 

100 Mary, bom March 25, 1742-3. 
no Abigail, bom Dec. 11, 1744; married Stilson. 

111 Joseph, 

112 Betty, born Nov. 6, 1748, 

113 I'^unice, born March, 1751. 

54 ABICtAH. nicholls. Married Samuel, son of 
Daniel and I'Ji/abeth (Welles) Shelton. They resided at Hunt- 
ington, She <lied February 21, 1794. 


114 Mjiry, bom Feb. 13, 1735-6; married Hezekiah Beach. 

115 Daniel, born April 26, 1737; married Mehitable Shelton. 

116 Samuel, born Aug. 21', 1738; married Tabitha Boothe. 

117 Elizabeth, born Feb. 13, 1739; married Nathan Clark. 

118 David, born June 16, 1741 ; married Elizabeth Masters. 

119 Abigail, born Dec, 29, 1742; married Amos Burr. 

120 Joseph, born Feb. 2, 1744. 

121 Andrew, born Nov, 26, 1746; married Sarah Boothe. \ 

122 Sarah, born Jidy 19, 1748; nwirricd Samuel Bootho. 
l^J Ann, bom Feb. 7, 1749. 

124 Philo, bom March 4, 1754. 

125 Isaac Wells, bora March 11, 1766; married Martha 


126 Agur. 

56 EUNICE NICHOLLS. Married Josiah, son of Dan- 
iel and Elizabeth (Welles) Shelton, May 17, 1737. They lived 
at Huntington. 


Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 87 


127 Charity Shelton, born 1737. 

128 Eunice Shelton, bom ; married David Wakelee. 

69 ANDREW NICHOLLS. Married Abiah, daughter 
of Noah and Abiah (Plntt) Plumb, of NichoUs' Farm, Decem- 
ber 23, 1760. Noah Plumb was one of the most opulent and 

influential citizens of the township. 


129 Isaac. 

130 Robert, bom May 12, 1764. ,;. ,. 

131 Sarah, bom 1765. 

132 Abiah, born Feb. 11, 1768; married Phillip NichoUs. 
135 Mary, bom 1770 ; married Nathan NichoUs. 

134. Silas, bom July 15, 1772. 

135 IVIartha, bom 1774 

136 John, bom July 22, 1777. 

137 Hezekiah, bom 1781. 

60 SAMUEL NICHOLLS. Married, (1) Hannah 
; (2) Comfort Mansfield, of New Haven, October 19, 1741. 


Children, by first wife: 

138 Mabel, baptized March 31, 1733. 

139 Rachel, baptized Oct. 14, 1735. 

140 Elnathan, baptized June 19, 1737.* 

141 Benjamin, bom June 15, 1739. 

Children, by second wife: 

142 Mansfield, baptized 1744. 

143 Esther, baptized 1747. 

144 Elijah, baptized 1749. 

61 DANIEL NICHOLLS. Married Jemimah . 

Children: ' 

145 Caleb, baptized July, 1738. 

146 Daniel, baptized Aug. 19, 1740. 

62 NATTT\N PEET NICHOLLS. Married Hannah 
Edwards Booth, November 5, 1747. 

38 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 


147 William, bom May 8, 1750. 

148 Isabel, born March 28, 1753. 

149 Isaac, born May 24, 1754. 

150 Gcrsliim, born May, 1756. 

69 JOSEPH HULL (CAPT.). Married, May 13, 1750, 

Elizabeth, daughter of William Clark, of Derby. 


151 Joseph Hull, born Oct. 27, 1750. 

152 William Hull, born June 24, 1753. 

153 Samuel Hull, born Aug. 5, 1755. 

154 i:iizabeth Hull, born Jan. 20, 1759. 

155 Isaac Hull, bom D^c. 28, 1760. 

156 David Hull, born March 27, 1765. 

157 Sarah Hull, born Jan. 6, 1769. 

158 Levi Hull, bom April 29, 1771. 

81 EPHRAIM NICHOLLS married Esther, daughter 
of Deacon Thomas and Plube (Nicholls) Peet, July 31, 1751. 
The family resided in Newfirl! (North Bridgeport) until about 
1775, when they removctl to "^ awling, N. Y. 


15!) Joliii, b(»rn March, 1752. 

1(>0 Epbraim, born .lunc 5, 1753. 

Hil Anna, baptised ilan. 2, 1757. 

162 Joseph, baptised Aug. 25, 1759. 

163 F:iijah, baptised July 17, 1763. 

164 P^sther, bom Oct., 1764. 

165 Agur, born Aug., 1768. 

166 Reuben, baptised July 1, 1770. 

103 DAVID NICHOLS married Hannah Beach, Jan- 
uary 14, 1761. They resided in Newfield, now North Bridge- 


167 Stiles, born Aug. 13, 1761. 

168 Philip, born May, 1763. 

169 Comphe, born Aug., 1765. 


Caleb Nicholi.s and His Descendants 89 

170 David, born March, 1770. 

171 Elizabeth, born Jan. 29, 1776. 

172 Hannah, born Mar. 16, 1777. 

104 JAJVIES NICHOLS married Phebe, daughter of 
Noah and Abiah (Piatt) Plumb, of Nitholls' Farm, Mar. 17, 

Children : 
176 Hulda, bom April, 1763. 

176 Philo, born Aug., 1765. 

177 Anna, born Oct. 25, 1767. 

178 James, bom Apr. 21, 1772. 

179 Noah, born April, 1774. 

180 Phebe, bom April, 1777. 

181 Abijah, baptised May 4, 1788. 1^' T, - '5 • /7ifS , T,.,,n,4«// 

105 NATHAN NICHOLS married Phebe . 


182 Eunice, baptised July 3, 1768. 

183 Nathan, bom Aug., 1771. 

184 John, bora July, 1775. 

185 Nathan, baptised May, 1778. 

194 PIULO SHELTON was graduated from Yale Col- 
Irgo in 1775; Ntudicd theology and wa« the Hr«t clergyman 
Episcopally ordained in the United States, August 8, 1785, by 
Bishop Scabury. 

Among Mr. Shelton's first pastoral charges were those of 
Fairfield, Bridgeport and Weston ; dividing his time between 
them ; his Bridgeport charge was St. John's church, but resign- 
ing from that pastorate in 1824, he confined his labors to the 
church in Fairfield, but did not long survive the change, as he 
died the following year. 

Bishop Brownell thus gracefully sums up the inherent quali- 
ties of Rev. Philo Shelton : " For simplicity of character, 
amiable manners, unaffected piety and a faithful devotion to 
the duties of the ministerial office, he has left an example by 
which all his surviving brethren may profit, and which few may 
hope to surpass." 

An autograph copy of a sermon by the Rev. Philo Shelton 

40 , Skrokakt Francis Nicholls 

atfrarted jniicli attention amon^ tlic Colonial exhibits at the 
Atlantji Cotton States l'>xj)ositi()n n ew years ago, and later at 
a notable liistorica! exln'bitlon in Ntw York City, under the 
auspices of the New York City Chapter I). A. R. 

Mr. Shelton was buried in the Stratfield cemetery, Bridge- 
port. A tablet in the wall of St. John's church bears affec- 
tionate testimony to his Christian worth and his fidelity to his 
holy calling. 

Two of his sons entered the ministry, George Augustus, the 
younger, graduated from Yale College and became rector of 
St. James' church, Newtown, Long Island. William, another 
son, succeeded his fatlier at Fairfield for a time, and then be- 
come the founder of St. Paul's church in the city of Buffalo, 
N. Y., the oldest parish in the city; of which he was rector more 
than half a century. 

The homestc/ul of Uev. Philo Shelton, situated on Fairfield 
averuie, Bridgeport, is still standing, and ])reserving ahnost in 
tluir enlircty its j)rimitive architectural characteristics; and is 
occui)icd by Uev. Mr. Shelton's great grandson, Hamilton 
Shelton, Esq., vice-president of the Connecticut National Bank 
of Bridgeport. 

127 CHARITY SHELTON married Beach Tomlinson, 
Esq., who was great uncle of Hon. Gideon Tomlinson, Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut from 1827 for four years, and United 
States Senator for six years. 

Hon. Cii'deoM ToiiiliiiNon married Sar/ih Bradley of Grcen- 
fidd Hill, by wlumi he had only one child, a son, who died un- 
married, aged twenty years. 

Governor Tondinson left no descendants. 

100 ROBERT NICHOLLS married (1) Anna Hawley, 
(2) Johamia, (laughter of Abijab and Abiah (UfTord) Pcet. 

CniivDKFN, by first wife: 

186 Amelia, bom Dec. 23, 1783. '| 

187 Charles, bom June 1, 1786. 

188 Ira, bom April 6, 1789; married Hulda Edwards. 

Childrkn, by second wife: 

189 Abijab Moss, bom Jan. 27, 1792. 


Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 41 

190 Andrew Scnsion, born Feb. 22, 1793. 

191 Prosper, bom Jan. 6, 1795; married Lucy Curtiss. 

192 Charles Lewis, bom Oct. 13, 1800. 

Lucius Curtiss Nicholls, son of Prosper (No. 191) and Lucy 
(Curtiss) Nicholls, is a leading and highly esteemed citizen of 
Nichols, where he was bom May 6, 1828. Mr. NichoUs 
exemplifies in personality all the traditional courtliness and 
urbanity of his forebears of the " Manor. 


135 MARTHA NICHOLLS married about 1800, Col. 
Lewis Fairchild, of Nicholls' Farm. He was one of its most 
prominent and substantial citizens. He was in direct line from 
Thomas Fairchild, the first of the name of Stratford. J 

193 Bryant Fairchild, bom 1801. 

194 IJctsoy Fairchild, born 1806. 

195 Daniel Fairchild, bom . 

196 Plumb Nichols Fairchild. 

197 Le Grand Fairchild. 

198 Sarah Ann Fairchild. 

199 Celina Abiah Fairchild. 

200 Juliet F. Fairchild. 

137 HEZEKIAH NICHOLLS married (1) Prudence 
Sholton ; (2) Avis Peet. He succeeded to the homestead «t 
NichollH' Farm. 

Childben, by first wife : 

201 Norton. 

202 Lucinda. 

CniLDEENf by second wife: 

203 Polly Serena. 

204 Hezckiah Shelton. 

205 William Grandirson. 

206 Mary. 

207 Harriet. 

208 George Kneeland. 

209 David. 

210 James Kant. 

211 Lavinia. 

42 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

151 JOSEPH HULL married first, -^ ; second, . 

He entered tlic army in 1776 as a lieutenant of artillery; was 
prisoner at the capture of Fort Washington, and was ex- 
changed after much suffering. 


21 Je .Toscf)h Hull, horn Mar. 9, 1771. 

21. 'J Levi Hull, horn 1773. 

211. Isaac Hull, horn 1775. 

21 T) William Hull, honi 1781. 

216 Daniel Hull, horn 1784. 

217 Henry Hull, horn 1788. 

218 Charios Hull, horn 1792. 

152 WHJ>L\M HTLL married Sarah, only daughter of 
Hon. Ahraluim Fuller, of Newton, Mass. 

Children : 

219 Sarah Hull, horn Jan. 29, 1783; married John McKes- 

son, of New York. 

220 Eliza Hull, horn Jan. 22, 1784; married Isaac McLellan, 

of I'ortland, Maine. 

221 Ann IJinney Hull, horn June 19, 1787. 

222 Maria Hull, horn .June 7, 1788. 

223 Uehecca Parker Hull, horn Feh. 7, 1790; married Samuel 

Clarke, of Newton, Mass. They were parents of Rev. 

.James Freeman Clarke of Boston. 
224. Caroline Hull, horn Apr. 30, 1793. 
22.5 Julia Knox Hull, born 1795; married Joseph Wheeler, of 

Augusta, Ga. They were parents of Major General 

Joseph Wheeler, C. S. A., U. S. A. 


William Hull was chosen captain of a company of soldiers 
raised in Derby, his native town; joined the army at Cam- 
bridge an<l served under Washington during the campaign in 
New Jersey, being promoted to the rank of major, and after- 
wards lieutenant-colonel; was inspector of the army under 
JJaron Steuben, and on the occasion of Washington's farewell 

Caleb Nich.olls akd His Descendants 4S 

to his soldiers, commanded the escort of the commander-in- 
chief; fought in the battles of White Plains, Stillwater, Sara- 
toga, Fort Stanwix and Stony Point, and those in New Jersey. 

In 1796 he was appointed Major-General of the militia of 
Massachusetts. In 1805 President Jefferson appointed him 
Governor of the territory of Michigan, which office he held 
until the accession of Lewis Cass in 1812. 

At the beginning of the sc'cond war with Great Britain 
General Hull was appointed commander of the North Western 
Army. By a series of misunderstandings and complications 
arising from incompetency at the seat of government, he was 
forced to surrender, August 5, 1812, to the British General, 

" History shows," says .another, " that the American comr 
monder fell a victim to the conditions indicated and was made 
a scapegoat for the powers above him. He was tried by a 
court-martial in 1814 and actually sentenced to be shot; but on 
account of his distinguished military services, and advanced 
age he was recomincndod to mercy and the President, while 
approving the sentence, remitted its execution." 

" As a matter of fact, Hull's anny, which had marched from 
Url)ana, Ohio, through the wilderness to Detroit, was an in- 
sufficient force; only one-third that of General Brock, while 
owing to an armistice which had been entered into by General 
Dearborn on the Niagara, the entire enemy could be employed 
against him. The British commanded Lake Erie and a part 
of Hull's own force under Colonels Case and McArthur had 
been taken from him. Faced by an overwhelming force ; cut 
off by the lake and the wilderness from supplies and re-en- 
forcements, General Hull was obliged, in his answer to the 
charges made against him to say that he detmed it a sacred 
duty which he owed under his government, to his fellow citi- 
zens, to negotiate a capitulation which secured their safety." 

" There is every evidence to show that had the predictions 
and suggestions of General Hull been heeded at the outset of 
his undertaking, he would not have been placed in the position 
in which it became necessary for him to surrender his force." 

During the latter part of his life General Hull resided at 
Newton, Mass., where he died Nov. 26, 18£6. 

189 ABIJAH MOSS NICHOLLS married Pamelia 

44 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

Bcardsley, of Trumbull, Conn. She was a kinswoman of Judge 
Samuel Beardsley of the Supreme Court of the State of New 


226 Bradley. 

227 Henry H. 
22« Daniel M. 

229 Lutlier, married Mathilda Clark. 

2.'30 Cornelia. 

231 Mary, married Chas. R. Bagley. 

232 Lucy. 

233 Carrie, married Edgar Beers. 

234 Jane. 

102 CIIART>i:S LKWIS NICHOLLS married Jennctt, 
daughter of Steplicn and Mary (JenningH) Burroughs, of 

iVIr. Nicholls engaged in the wholesale grocery business at 
Bridgeport in 182.5, which he conducted with signal success 
for about five years, when he transferred the same to New 
York City, where he soon became recognized as one of its lead- 
ing merchants. 

Some years subsequently Mr. Nicholls, in conjunction with 
the " merchant prince," Moses Taylor, engaged extensively in 
the importation of staple tropical products, viz. : sugar, 
molasses, coffee, etc. 

Mr. Nicholls retired from business in 1868 and returning to 
Bridgeport, purchased the beautiful and spacious Ireland 
homestead, situated on Old Mill Green, where he and his family 
resided until a short time before his death, which occurred at 
Jersey City, N. J., in 1881. His wife survived him two years. 


235 Charles E., married (1), Frances Williams; (2), Mary 

S. Rowley. 

236 George W., married Elizabeth Main. 

237 Mary, married Archibald A. Thomas. 

238 Edward Livingston, married (1), Sally Westcott; (2), \ 

Laura May Applegate. 
2.39 Henry C, died unmarried. 
£40 Sarah J. 


Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 45 

241 Elizabeth, married Theodore F. Bradlej, 

242 Walter, married Eliza L. Nicholls. 

243 Frances, died in infancy. 

195 DANIEL FAIRCHILD married Ann Eliza Hunger- 

Children : 

244 Horace Fairchild, married Antonette Edwards. 
246 Julia Emma Fairchild. 

246 Antonette Fairchild, married Hobart R. Wheeler. 

247 Anna Fairchild, died young. 

nett Lewis, widow of Marshall Booth, of Trumbull. They left 
no issue. 

mina de Lyon Seely. 

Childeen : 

248 Charles Wilbur de Lyon. 

249 Lavinia Armina, died 1873. 

210 JAMES KANT NICHOLLS married Elizabeth (de 
Lyon) Seely. 

Childeen : 

250 Harriet Elizabeth, married Horace Wheeler. 

251 Eliza Lavinia, married Walter Nicholls (The Author). 
262 Frances Serena, married Walter H. Bullard. 

253 Mary Lucinda, married John V. Singleton. 

254 Carolyn Josephine, married Lewis Bonnell Crane. 

214 ISAAC HULL (COMMODORE) went to sea as a 
cabin boy at fourteen, and at nineteen was in command of a ves- 
sel ; entering the navy as a lieutenant. In March, 1798, he was 
assigned to the ComtitutioTit with which his fame was closely 
linked. In 1800 he outsailed an English frigate by some miles 
in a day*s race, and in a small sloop dashed into Port Platte, 
Hayti, and captured a French privateer and spiked the guns 
of the battery on shore. Made master in 1804, he served in 
the Argus against Tripoli, in General Eaton's Algerian expe- 

46 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

(Htlon, and in tlic Bay of Naples. In 1811 he was in command 
of the frigate Constitution, and being threatened with the de- 
tested " Search " by British frigates, in the harbor of Torts- 
mouth, prepared for action, though war had been declared. 

In July, 1812, he sailed for Annapolis with orders not to 
figlit against odds " if he could help it." Chased by a British 
squadron in a light wind, his eminent qualities as a sailing 
master came into play, and he escaped by sending boats with a 
kedge to which the ship was warped up. In Boston he grew 
tired awaiting orders and went out without them. August 
19th he had his famous battle with the Gnerricre of forty-four 
guns. Commander Dacres. After half an hour the enemy was 
disabled and surrendered, being reduced to a useless hulk and 
having seventy-nine men killed and wounded. The Constitution 
lost but fourteen, and was so little injured as to gain the title 
of " Old Ironsides." 

The moral effect of this victory, the first of the war, was 
great and Congress voted $.50,000 to those engaged in it, and 
a gold niedal to Hull, who received further honors from several 
states and cities. 

It was probably not Commodore Hull's fault that he reposed 
on his laurels gained by this exploit, and did nothing worthy 
of remembrance during the remaining thirty years of his life. 
Tiie navy had as many ships as captains; others were entitled 
to their turn, and he had had his share of "glory"; yet it is 
to be regretted that his brilliant abilities and splendid courage 
could not have been further used during the war. 

Commodore Hull served for many years on the Naval Board; 
had command of the navy yards at Boston, Portsmouth and 
Washington, and of the Pacific and IVIediterranean fleets. He 
died in Philadelphia, Fcbuary 13, 1843. 

220 BRADLEY NICHOLS married Sarah L., daugh- 
ter of Dr. .Fohn H. and Caroline (Edwards) Pardee, of Trum- 
bull. Dr. Pardee was a lineal descendant of Moses Pardee, of 
Huguenot antecedents, and the first of the name at New 
Haven ; coming to this country from Poitiers, France. 


255 Warren B. 

256 William Jason. 

Caleb Nicholls and His Descendants 47 

240 SARAH J. NICHOLLS married William F. Moody, 
Esq., of New York. Among their issue is John Moody, the 
eminent author of " Moody's Manual." Mr. Moody is recog- 
nized as the ablest financial statistician in the United States. 


philanthropist and author, was bom at Nichols. He com- 
menced the study of Latin at eight and Greek at twelve 
years of age. He graduated at De Graff's military school, 
where he was a pupil of Clark, the grammarian, and finally at 
Williston Seminary, taking high honors in the classics ; after 
which he devoted three years to the study of music and ancient 
classics, which he continued to pursue until his entrance to the 
Johns Hopkins University ; during the summer vacations of 
his course attending lectures on the philosophy of Hegel under 
United States Commissioner of Education W. G. Harris, LL.D. 
A thesis written by him at that time was forwarded by Dr. 
Harris to Scotland to the renowned author of the secret of 
Hegel, as a specimen of what American students were doing 
on speculative lines. He engaged in the study of ethical and 
speculative theology at the Scabury Divinity School, Minne- 
sota, and the regular three years' course at the General Theo- 
logical Seminary of the Episcopal Church, New York City. He 
was ordained deacon by Bishop Henry C. Potter at St. Thomas' 
church. New York City, and to the priesthood at the Church 
of the Holy Communion of that city. Mr. Nicholls' remarkably 
elaborate education was subsequently rounded out by study in 
the Gregorian University in Rome. He was vicar of St. 
Thomas' church. New Haven, for a year; rector of St 
Stephens' church, Staten Island, for nearly five years ; end for 
five years chaplain of the Department of Public Charities and 
Corrections of New York City. 

Mr. Nicholls has an international reputation as a novelist 
and essayist on fashionable society. He is the author of the 
" Greek Madonna," and the " Decadents," both of which made 
a great stir in fashionable circles. His latest work, " The 
Ultra-Fashionable Peerage of America," a volume of essays on 
Mrs. Astor's coterie in American society, won higher enco- 
miums from that distinguished social leader herself than any- 
thing which had been written about her by Ward McAllister or 
numerous other writers on fashionable society. Mr. Nicholls 

48 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

is ftlso deeply interested in pliilftnthropic work, and is the | 

founder of the Sunday Kindergarten of New York City, a 

unique educational and patriotic work for tenement house chil- ^ 

dren. It was also due to his efforts in enlisting his friends that il 

the New York Home for Convalescents was tided over the most !| 

critical period of its existence. He is Governor-General of the 11 
Society of Scions of Colonial Cavaliers. 

255 WARREN B. NICHOLS married Ida A., daugh- 
ter of Judge Van Rensselaer C. Giddings, of Bridgeport. 

25(5 WILLIAM J. NICHOLS married (1), Mary 
Nash Barker; (2), Elizabeth Frances (sisters), daughters of 
James W. and Martha E. Barker, of Fairfield, and grand- 
daughters of Hon. James Barker, the first mayorality candidate 
of the Republican party of New York, and great grand- 
daughters of Dr. William Nash of Bridgeport, one of Connecti- 
cut's most eminent physicians, and Rev. Andrew Elliot, Fair- 
field's distinguished divine; both of whom were living during 
the nineteenth century ; were also lineal descendants of Capt. 
Thomas Nash, of Westport, an illustrious Revolutionary 




Andrew Warde was probably son of Andrew and grandson 
of Sir Richard Warde of Gorleston, Suffolk County, England; 
his grandmother being a daughter of Sir Richard Gunviile, 
also of Gorleston. He came to America in Winthrop's fleet; 
was made a freeman May 14, 1634, and for a short time resided 
at Watertown, Mass. He was appointed by the General 
Court of the Bay Colony one of the commissioners " to govern 
^hc people of Connecticut"; was one of the five persons who 
held the first court in the colony in April, 1636; tried the first 
cause and made the first law, and was one of the six magistrates 
who, with committees of the lower house, first asserted the 
sovereignty of the colony, by the formal declaration of war 
against the Pequots, May 1, 1637. 

The historian Trumbull says : " The names of the six com- 
missioners should livfe forever." 

Andrew Warde's wife was Esther, a daughter of Edmund 
and Judith (Angier) Sherman, formerly of Dedham, England. 

Hon. John Sherman and General William Tecumseh Sher- 
man were descendants of Edmund Sherman. 

Hon. Roger Sherman, Hon. William M. Evarts and United 
States Senator Geo. F. Hoar were descendants of Henry Sher- 
man, uncle of Andrew Warde's wife. 

The children oi' Andrew Warde and Esther, his wife, were: 

Edmund, married Mary Hunt. 

William, bom 1645; married Deborah, daughter of Robert 
and Susanna Lockwocd. 

Ann, married Caleb, son of Sergeant Francis Nicholls, one 
of the original proprietors of Stratford, brother of Col. Richard 
Nicholls, the first English Governor of New York. 

Mary, married John Burr, the second, of Fairfield. They 
were ancestors of President Aaron Burr, of Princeton College, 
father of Hon. Aaron Burr, third Vice-President of the United 

John, married Mary Harris, of Rowley, Mass. 

Sarah, married Nathaniel Burr, of Fairfield. 

Abigail, married Moses Dimon, of Fairfield. 

52 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

Arulrc'W, nmrrlod Tryal, daiipflitcr of John Moigs, of Guil- 
ford, Conn. Tlicy were ancestors of Capt. Andrew and Gen- 
eral Willi/mi Ward, of Revolutionary fame, and also ancestors 
of the distinguished Bcevhcr family: Henry Ward Beccher, 
Harriet Beechcr Stowe, Isabella Beecher Hooker, et al. 

Samuel, married (1) Alice Ogden, of Fairfield; (2), Mrs. 
Hannah Nicholls, widow of Jonathan Nicholls, of Stratford. 


Andrew Warde's will was dated at Fairfield, June 8, 1659, 
and by its provisions he leaves property to his Avife, Esther, and 
to his children: Esther, Sarali, John, Samuel and Edmund; 
" the rest of his children having already received their por- 

By the will of Esther, wife of Andrew W^arde, dated Decem- 
ber G, 1005, she bequeaths to her daughter, Ann Nicholls, her 
" best red cloth petticoat, also nine y)ounds to be equally di- 
vided l)etween the cliildrcn of said Ann Nicholls." 

Descendants of Andrew Warde 

Following are some of the descendants of Andrew Warde, 
living during the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, 
whose names stand pre-eminent on the roster of those who dedi- 
cated their lives and energies toward the advancement and per- 
petuity of the great American Republic, in the founding of 
which their forebear took so conspicuous and important a part: 

Rear Admiral Andrew Hull Foot, U. S. N. ; Gen. 
William Hull, U. S. A.; Com. Isaac Hull, U. S. 
N.;Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, U. S. A., C. S. A. ; Col. 
Chas. H. Whipple, U. S. A. ; Admiral Hiram Paulding, U. S. 
N.; Stephen Burroughs, inventor decimal system of currency; 
John Burroughs, eminent naturalist and author; Mary E. 
Woolley, president of Mt. Holyokc College and author; Prof. 
Everett Ward Olmstead, of Cornell University; Prof. Allan 
Marquand, of Princeton University; Prof. Charles H. Smith, 
of Yale College; Rev. Aaron Burr, first president of Princeton 
University; Hon. Aaron Burr; third vice-president, U. S. ; Miss 
Anna Burr Jennings and Oliver Gould Jennings, of Fairfield, 
Conn.; Rev Freeman Clark, of Boston; George Foster Pea- 
body, banker and philanthropist of New York; Morris K. Jos- 

Waede — Sheeman— Nicholas 6d 

sup, George J. Gould, John Moody, author of Moody*» Manual 
and eminent financial writer; George Burroughs Torrey, dis- 
tinguished contemporary portrait painter of New York and 
Paris; Henry Ward Beecher, Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of 
"Uncle Tom»8 Cabin,** et oL 



Daniel Kellogg wns baptised and probably born at Great 
Leighs, a town about thirty-five miles from London, England. 
He was a member of the small Anglo-Saxon coterie who, in 
16H6, received from the General Court of the Colony of Con- 
necticut, acting under authority of King James the Second, 
letters patent of the township of Norwalk. 

Daniel Kellogg was chosen Townsman in 1670, and repre- 
sentative to the Cieneral Court from 1670 to 1683, inclusive, 
and was also frequently selected by his fellow citizens to act on 
various committees, both ecclesiastic and civil. 

He was twice married, first to ; second to Bridget, 

daiighter of John IJouton, a leading citizen of Norwalk. 

Chtlorkn, by first wife: 
Sarah, born Feb., 1659; married Daniel Brinsmade. 
]Mary, born Feb., 1661 ; married Joseph Piatt. 
Rachel, born Feb., 1663; married Abraham Nicholls. 

Children, by second wife: 
lillzabeth, born Aug., 1666. j 

Daniel, bom May, 1671. *-. '^- ' "^ ' '' ' "''^^ 
Samuel, born Feb., 1673. ; 
Lydia, bom April, 1676. , ' ' 

Benjamin, born Afarch, 1678. '• 


Rear Admiral Francis Hoyt Gregory, U. S. Navy, was 
of the fifth generation from Daniel Kellog, through Asa and 
Ruth (Kellogg) Hoyt, their granddaughter having married 
Capt. Moses Gregory, of Norwalk, April 27, 1787. 

Francis Hoyt Gregory was in the merchant service, as a 
boy, in 1807, but became a midshipman in the navy in 1809. 
Soon afterward, while serving on the Vesuvius, and in charge 
of one of her barges near the Batize, he surprised and captured 
an English slaver. He was made active master in 1811, and 
Mhile in comnumd of gunboat No. 1652, captured a gchooner 


fitting for piratical purposes, disabled and drove away a privaf 
teer of greatly superior force, that had been annoying our 
coniincrcc, and took a Spanish pirate of fourteen guns. He 
was with Commodore Chauncey in his actions on Lake On- 
tario, and on June 28 was made lieutenant. In August, 1812, 
he was taken prisoner and sent to England, where he remained 
eighteen months. He soon afterward joined one of the frigates 
against the Algerians without coming home. In 1821-3, while 
in command of the schooner Grampus, he was active in sup- 
pressing piracy on the coasts of Cuba and Mexico; capturing, 
near St. Croix, the notorious pirate brig Pandvita, a vessel 
far superior to his own in armament and number of men. He 
was promoted to commander, April 28, 1828, and to captain, 
January 18, 1838, and in 1840 commanded the Raritan in the 
blockade of the Mexican coast. 

His last sea service was in command of the African squadron 
in 1849-62. In July, 1861, he was ordered to superintend the 
construction of all vessels of war built outside of navy yards, 
and was engaged in this duty when he died. He was made 
Rear Admiral on the retired list, July, 1862. 

A daughter of Rear Admiral Gregory married Governor 
Charles R. Ingersoll, of Connecticut. 


John Curtiss, and his brother, William (in relation to the 
latter, sec Appendix), came to Stratford with their widowed 
mother, Elizabeth Curtiss, among the early settlers. John 
Curtiss' wife, Elizabeth, was a daughter of Governor Thomas 
Welles, of Connecticut. She died December 2, 1707. 

John, bom Oct. 14, IGIS; settled at Newark, N. J. 
Israel, born May 12, 1644. 
Elizabeth, bom May 2, 1647. 

Thomas, born Jan. 14, 1648; settled at WalHngford, Conn. 
Joseph, bom Nov. 12, 1650. 
Benjamin, bom Sept. 30, 1652. 
Hannah, born Eeb. 2, 1654. 

Joseph Curtiss married, November 9, 1676, Bethia, daugh- 
ter of Richard and Elizabeth (Hawley) Boothe. 


Elizabeth, born Jan. 17, 1677; married Samuel Ufford. 

Anna, born Sept. 1, 1679. 

Mary, bom 1681 ; married Joseph Nicholls. 

Ephraim, born Dec. 31, 1684. 

Joseph, bom Nov. 6, 1687. 

Nathan, born Feb. 21, 1689. 

Josiah, bom Mar. 31, 1691. 

Bethia, born Mar. 10, 1695; married Benjamin Burton. 

Eliza, bom July 30, 1699, ] 

Ebenezer, born Aug. 1, 1699, \ Evidently triplets. 

Eliphalet, born Aug. 1, 1699, J 

Joseph Curtiss was elected Deputy to the General Court of 
Connecticut in 1686-89, and Assistant, first in 1698; to which 
office he was thereafter annually elected for twenty-one years 
consecutively. He was also in the meantime frequently chosen 
by the General Court a member of various important commit- 

CuRTiss — Welles — Boothe — Nicholls 57 

tees ; his conferees always being selected from among the most 
eminent statesmen of the Colony. 

Of the several committees referred to, the following may be 
cited : 

Committee of Adjustment 

" This Court do order and appoint Mr. Samuel Sherman, 
Junr., Mr. Joseph Hawley and Mr. Joseph Curtiss to consider 
what is most equitable and reasonable for the inhabitants of 
Fayrefeilde to pay to the town of Norwalke in refference to the 
purchass they have made of the natives of Some lands within 
the bounds of Fayrefeilde aforesayed. 


Provisioning the Army 
In 1690 the General Court enacted the following order: 
" This Court do Allso order that a vessel be forthwith sent 
to Albany with provisions for the Army, and Mr. Thomas 
Strowbridge, Mr. Joseph Curtice, Mr. Josiah Niccols and Mr. 
Richard Blackleach or any three of them, do take care and 
order the same, and they are hereby ordered Accordingly.' 


Committee of Reconciliation 
" This Assembly being very sensible of the uncomfortable 
State of New Haven, by reason of the unhappy differences 
between the said town and the village; and greatly desirious 
to have said differences reconciled, do order and appoint Joseph 
Curtis, Richard Christophers, Esqrs., and Capt. Abraham Haw- 
ley, with Peter Burr and Mr. John Sherman of Woodbury, a 
Committee to hear the parties and endeavour if possible to 
bring them to a good agreement, and make report to the Gen- 
eral Assembly in Oct. next (1708)." 

Committee of War 

In 1709 Mr. Joseph Curtis, along with Deptuy-Govemor 
Nathan Gold, Major Peter Burr, Capt. Joseph Wakeman and 
Capt. Theophilus Hull, were appointed by the General Court, 
a Committee of War for the County of Fairfield, " to take care 
of the defence of the frontier within this County and of Wian- 
tenock or New Milford, and that the said Committee or any 
three of them shall have full power to act and order for the 
full defence of said frontier against the assaults of the enemy 
as they shall judge needful." 

58 Skrgeant Francis Nicholls 


In 1710, in company with the Honorable Nathan Gold 
(Dcpiitv-Cfovcnior) and Peter Burr, Esq., Mr. Joseph Curtiss 
was appointed by the General Court, to act in conjunction 
with a committee from New York State to settle the boundaries 
between Connecticut and New York State, as agreed upon by 
the authorities in 1700. 

Committee of Safety 

" It is ordered and enacted by this Court that there be a 
Committee appointed by the several Counties of this Colonic 
who are to take care and provide for the safetie of their re- 
spective counties, and for that end to convene together to con- 
sult, advise, direct and command in all affairs proper for a 
Commission of Safetie in time of Warre against the common 
Enemy." Such committee for Fairfield County was composed 
of the following gentlemen, whose names are appended in the 
order in which they appear in the Act: Capt. Nathan Gold, 
Mr. Joseph Curtice, Mr. Peter Burr, Capt. John Wakeman, 
Capt. James Judson, Mr. Ephraim Stiles and Capt. James 

In addition to his onerous duties as Assistant, Joseph Cur- 
tiss was Auditor of Public Accounts, and Judge of the County 
Court of Fairfield, and was also Town Clerk of Stratford, for 
fifty years. He bore the title of " the Worshipful " Joseph 


Thomas Welles, grandfather of Joseph Curtiss, came from 
England in Ifi.'JO, in company with Uev. Thomas Hooker and 
others, as secretary of Lord Saye and Sele, and was one of the 
founders of Hartford. In 1637 he was chosen one of the 
magistrates of tlie town, an office which he held every year until 
his death. He was also chosen first treasurer of the Colony of 
Connecticut. From 1640 to 1648 he filled the office of secre- 
tary, and in 1649 was chosen one of the Commissioners of the 
United Colonies in the first Federal Council in New England. 
In 1655-58 he served as Governor, and in 1656-67-59 as 

CuRTiss — Welles — Boothe — Nicholls 59 

Deputy-Governor. He possessed in an unlimited degree the 
confidence of the colonists and drafted many of their most im- 
portant enactments. 


Richard Boothe, the first of the name at Stratford, was 
bom in England in 1607, and, according to accepted genealogi- 
cal data was son of Sir Richard Boothe, of Coggshill (baron of 
Cheshire), son of Sir William Boothe by his wife, a daughter of 
Sir John Warburton. 

Richard Boothe was one of Stratford's most prominent and 
respected citizens, and as the town and colonial records attest 
was often chosen to fill public positions of responsibility and 
honor. The title of " Mr." prefixed to his name as frequently 
found in the town and colonial records would indicate his en- 
joyment of more than ordinary social prestige. 

Richard Boothe's wife was Elizabeth, sister of the first Joseph 
Hawley, of Stratford. Their daughter, Bcthia, married " The 
Worshipful " Joseph Curtiss, of Stratford, and their daughter 
Mary, married Capt. Joseph Nicholls, of the Manor of Nicholls' 

A granddaughter of Richard Boothe married Samuel Grant 
and they were the forebears of the illustrious General Ulysses 
S. Grant. 

Among other descendants of Richard Boothe the following 
may be named: Miss Jannett Boothe, the eminent historian 
and Genealogist of Stratford, and the distinguished financier, 
David B. Boothe, of Putney, Conn. Mr. Boothe, although in 
the ninety-fifth year of his age, still maintains apparently all 
his pristine mental and much of his physical vigor. He has 
been a director of the City National Bank of Bridgeport for 
many years, and although living some ten miles distant from the 
institution, very rarely fails to attend the weekly meetings of 
its directorate. To Mr. Boothe's sagacity and zeal in its 
behalf, may in a large measure be ascribed the bank's present 
exalted status in the financial world. 


1 JOHN PEAT'S first appearance at Stratford was in 
1639, and lie was therefore one of its ori^nal proprietors. He 
came to America from Diifficld Parish, Derby, England, in 1635. 
Of liis wife's personality we have no knowledge. He died in 

John, born al)out 1638; married Jane Osbom (prob). 
2 Benjamin, born about 1640. 

2 BENJAIMIN PEAT (Peet), married Phebe, daugh- 
ter of Richard Butler, of Stratford, Ob. May 1, 1704. 

'.; Children: 

' Samuel, bom Sept. 9, 1663. 
8 Benjamin, born Aug. 31, 1665. 
Thon)as, bom Mar, 2<), 1670. 
Alice, bom Oct. 10, 1677. 
l\Iary, bom Oct. 10, 1683. 

3 BENJAMIN PEAT married, first, Priscilla, daughter 
of Thomas Fairchild ; second, Mary Corbit, September 6, 1723. 

Children, by first wife: 
Butler, bom Sept. 1, 1689. 
James, bom Mar. 27, 1691. 
William, bom May 1, 1694. 
Richard, bom Aug. 30, 1696. 
4 Thomas, bom July 15, 1698. 

Joseph, bom Apr. 1, 1700. - 

Katherine, born July 18, 1701. 
Ann, born Jan. 30, 1703. 

4 THOMAS (DEA.) PEAT married Phebe, daughter 
of Abraham and Rachel (Kellogg) NichoUs, of Nicholls' 
Farm, January 7, 1724. 

Peat — Uffoed — Nicholls ' 61 


5 Josiah, born Dec. 20, 1725. 

Ephraim, born July 23, 1729; married Bathsheba Nicholls. 
Nathan, bom Mar. 14, 1730-1. 

Esther, bom June 14, 1732; married Ephraim Nicholls. 
Phebe, bora Oct. 30, 1734 ; married Curtis. 

6 Thomas, bom Oct. 19, 1736. 
William, bom Apr. 3, 1740. 
Priscilla, bom Apr. 3, 1742. 
William, bom Jan. 24, 1743. 

6 JOSIAH PEAT married Abigail Bassett, July 8, 

Childeen : 

7 Abijah, bora June 19, 1748. 
Abraham, born Nov. 25, 1750. 
Josiah, bora Oct. 2, 1764. 
Mary, bora May 1, 1757. 

A child, baptised Nov., 1759. 
Abigail, bora Aug. 6, 1762. 

6 THOMAS PEAT married Phebe . In his will, 

dated October 3, 1760, he mentions his wife, " and directs his 
son William to pay three pounds each to his six brethren: 
Josiah, Ephraim, Nathan Peet, Esther Nicholls, Phebe Curtis 
and Priscilla Beardslee," and appoints his wife and his son 
William, executors. 


8 William. 

7 ABIJAH PEAT married Bethia, daughter of Samuel 
and Anna (Moss) UfFord, July 4, 1771. 

Childeen : 
Johanna, bora June 9, 1773; married Robert Nicholls. 
Mary, bora June 19, 1777. 
Philo, bora Dec. 25, 1779. 
Isaiah, bora Apr. 8, 1782, 
Avis, born Oct. 26, 1787; married Hezekiah Nicholls. 

62 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

8 WILLIAM PEAT married Jemima Darrow (widow), 

November 21, 1785. 

Catlierine, hajjtiHed Dec. .'31, 1786; married Charles Bost- 

Maria, baptised Jan, 8, 1789; married Longworth. 

Georfje, baptised Dec. 5, 1790. 
P^lcazer, baptised May 6, 1793, 
9 Minerva, baptised Dec. 6, 1795. 

William Henry, baptised Aufj. 27, 1797. 

Frederick T,, baptised IVIar, 17, 1800. 
Francis, baptised Oct, 23, 1801, 
Edward W„ baptised May 20, 1804, 

Sarah Ann, baptised July 6, 1806; married Henry K. 

9 MINERVA PEAT married Hon. William Wright of 
Clarkstown, New York. 

William Wright served in the War of 1812. He removed 
to Newark, N, J,, in 1821 ; was mayor of that city in 1840-47; 
a representative in twenty-eighth and twenty-ninth Congresses, 
and United States Senator in 1853-1863. He died November 
1, 1866. 


Richard Butler was one of the original proprietors of 
Stratford, In 1651 the General Court granted him liberty to 
prosecute the Indian Nimrod at Pequamock, who had ** wan- 
tonly killed some of liis swine," 

In 1659 Richard Butler was chosen customs officer at Strat- 
ford, and was prominent in the Second Church organization 
from 1666 to the time of his decease, which occurred at Strat- 
ford in 1670. 

Children : 
Phebe, married Benjamin Peet. 

Marv Butler married Thomas Hicks, of Flushing, L. L 
The Quaker family of Hicks came from England in 1641 

Peat — Uffohd — Nicholls 63 

and settled on Long Island; locating where the village of 
Ilicksvillc now stands. 

Thomas and Mary (Butler) Hicks were grandparents of 
Hon. Whitehead Hicks, who was Mayor of New York City in 
1776; which office he held for the protracted period of ten 
years. He studied law, was admitted to practice in 1750, and 
appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of the province of 
New York in 1776. He married a daughter of John Brevoort, 
Esq., of New York, a member of the distinguished and wealthy 
family of that name. 


Thomas Ufford came to America from England in the ship 
Lion in 1632; landing at Boston, where he was made a free- 
man the same year. He was one of a party composed of Wil- 
liam Pyncheon, Jehue Burr and five others, who founded, in 
1639, the town of Springfield, Mass. He soon, however, dis- 
posed of his proprietary interests at Springfield and removed 
to Roxbury ; thence to Milford ; thence to Stratford, where he 
died in 1666. 

A daughter, married Roger Terrell. 

John Ufford married, first, Martha Nettleton; second, 
Hannah, a sister of Joseph Hawley, the first, of Stratford. 

Thomas, born Aug. 20, 1657. 

Martha, born Aug. 12, 1659; married Peter Carow. 
Mary, bom June 20, 1661; married Daniel Pickett. 
John, bom Feb. 3, 1665. 
John, bom Jan. 21, 1667. 
Samuel^ bom Jan. 21, 1670. 
Elizabeth, bom Feb. 19, 1673. 

Samuel Ufford (Lieut.) married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Joseph and Bethia Booth Curtiss, December 5, 1694. ob. 174>6. 

64 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

Mnrtlm, bom Sept. 28, 1695; married Josi'ah Hubbell. 
Elizabeth, born Apr. 3, 1698; married Josiah Beers. 
Abipiil, born May, 1700; married Elnathan Beach. 
Anna, born Au^r. 3, 1702; married, first, Joseph Burton; 

second, William Patterson. 
Afary, born Apr. 16, 1704. 
'I'liomas, born Jan. 22, 1706. 
Betbia, bom May 12, 1708. 
Sarah, born Mar. 15, 1710. 
Samuel, bom Apr. 12, 1712. 

Eunice, bom Nov. 2, 1713; married Edward De Forest. 
Joseph, bom Nov. 15, 1715; married Ruth Lewis. 
John, bom Nov. 23, 1717. 
Ebenezcr, bom 1719; married Jane Moss. 

Samuel Ufford married Johanna, daughter of John Moss, 
December, 1738. 

Daniel, bom Sept. 28, 1739. 
John, born Mar. 2, 1741. 

Johanna, born Afar. 5, 1745; married Timothy Fairchild. 
Mary, born Dec. 16, 1747; married Lewis Fairchild. 
Bcthia, born Feb. 15, 1750; married Abijah Peet. 
Jane, bom Au^. 23, 1752; married Richard Salmon. 

Avis, daughter of Abijah and Bethia (UfFord) Peet, married 
Robert, son of Andrew and Bethia (Plumb) Nicholls. (See 
Nicholls genealogy, appended.) 


Thomas Fairchild. was among Stratford's earliest pioneers, 
those of 1639; and immediately took his position there as one 
of its leading citizens. In 1652 he was appointed by the 
General Court to draft soldiers for tlie Narragansett War, and 
in that same year was elected Deputy ; which office he filled 
for several years. In 1663-64-65-66-67 he was nominated for 
" As.sistant," but failed of election. 

Peat — Uffoed — Nicholls 


Thomas Fairchild was twice married; first, to 


brook in England; second, to Catherine Craigg, also of "Eng- 

Children, by first wife: 

Samuel, bom Aug. 31, 1640. 

Sarah, bom Feb. 19, 1641 ; married Jehiel Preston. 

John, bora Mar. 1, 1644. 

Thomas, bom Feb. 21, 1646. 

Dinah, bora July 14, 1648. 

Zecheriah, bom Dec. 14, 1641. 

Emma, bom Oct., 1663; married Hackeliah Preston. 

Children, by second wife: 
Joseph, bom Apr. 18, 1664. 
John, bom June 8, 1666. 
Priscilla, bora Apr. 20, 1669; married Benjamin Peat. 


Richard Platt was bom in Playstow, England; grandson 
of Sir Hugh Platt, Kt. He came to New Haven in 1638. In 
1646 his name appears at the head of a list of free planters of 
Mil ford, and in 1669 was chosen deacon of the church there. 

Upon one of the coping stones of the imposing memorial 
bridge which spans the Ncpawag River, Milford, is the follow- 
ing inscription : // i i ,' ' '  

" Deacon 
Richard Platt 

OBIT, 1684 
Mary, his wife." 

John, married Hannah Clark. 

Isaac, married Elizabeth Wood, of Huntington, L. I. 
Sarah, married, first, Thomas Beach; second, Miles Merwin. 
Epcnetus, married Phebe Wood, of Huntington, L. I. 
Hannah, married Christoplier Comstock. 
Josiah, married Sarah Canficld. 
Joseph, born April, 1649. 

Joseph married Mary, daughter of Daniel Kellogg, of Nor- 
walk, May 5, 16H0. Me was deputy from Milford in 1700, cap- 
tain of militia in 1710 and Justice of the Peace for thirteen 


Mary, bom Sept., 1681 ; married John Woodruff. 

Joseph, born Feb. 16, 1684. 

Phcbe, born March, 1686; married Samuel Newton. 

Daniel, bom Sept. 7, 1690; married Sarah Beard. 

Hannah, bom April, 1693; married Fletcher Norton. 

Epenetus, bom May 7, 1696. 

Elizabeth, born Feb., 1698; married Nehemiah Smith. 

Gideon, born Sept., 1700. 

Sarah, bom Mar. 28, 1703. 

Mary, bora May 6, 1704. 

Platt — Plumb — Nicholls 67 

Joseph married Elizabeth Woodbury, April 9» 1702. 

Abiah, bom . 

Joseph, born May 11, 1711. 

Ebenezer, bom July, 1713 ; married Hannah Green. 

Stephen, bora 1717. 

Abiah married Noah Plumb, of Nicholls* Perm, His will 
was dated September 19, 1774, and probated February 6, 


Abiah, bora Mar. 26, 1739; married Andrew Nicholls. 

Phebe, bora Mar. 6, 1741 ; married James Nicholls. 

Susanna, bora Aug. 28, 1748. 

Daniel, born June 10, 1761. 

Joseph, born January, 1766. 


Rkv. Thomas IIookkr was bom at Marsficld, Leicestershire, 
England, in 1586. lie was a popular Non-Confomiist preacher 
in London, hut was silenced by Laud when he (Hooker) kept 
a school in which John I^lliot, " the Apostle," was his assistant. 

HookfT fled from prrstcution to Holland in 1633, and com- 
intf to flic Colony of Massachusetts, was ordained that year 
pastor of the church at Newtown, and in 1636 he with his 
whole confrre^ation inip^ated to the yalley of the Connecticut, 
where they founded Hartford, July 7, 1647. 

'I'he historian Northcnd, descantinpf on the subject of 
Massachusetts Confjre^ationalisin in England during the 
seventeenth century, says: " It was the pens of learned minis- 
ters living in New England, that in Old England raised * In- 
dependenc\ ' to the position of command. It was Hooker of 
Connecticut, and Cotton and Shepard and Allen and Norton 
and Mather of Massachusetts that organized the victories of 
Fairfax and Cromwell." 

A sermon preached by Rev. Thomas Hooker, May 31, 1636, 
before the General Court, is said to be the first suggestion of 
the fundamental law of our country as enunciated in its Con- 

Rev, Thomas Hooker's daughter, Mary, married Rev. Roger 
Newton, the second minister at Milford. They had a son 

Roger, who married ; their son Samuel married, in 1669, 

Martha, daughter of Benjamin Fenn, of Milford; their daugh- 
ter Susanna married, in 1700, Joseph Plumb, of Milford; their 
son Noah married, in 1738, Abiah, daughter of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Woodbury) Piatt, of Milford; their daughter, 
Abiah, married in 1670, Andrew, son of Capt. Joseph and Mary 
(Curtiss) Nicholls, of Nicholls' Farm. 

Samuel Newton was appointed by the General Court in 1690, 
lieutenant in the French and Indian War, and captain in 1698. 
He was chosen Deputy from Milford from 1690 to 1703, and 
a Justice of the Peace for New Haven County from 1701 to 
1703, inclusive. . 

69 . 


Robert Seeley probably came from England with Win- 
throp's fleet, and was made a freeman of the Massachusetts 
Colony May 18, 1631, with John Burr and others. He settled 
first at Watertown, where he was surveyor in 1634. He re- 
moved to Wethersfield in 1636. On the first day of May, 
1637, he was appointed first lieutenant of Capt. Mason's expe- 
dition against the Pcquot Indians on the Mystic and Pcquot 
rivers. He proved a valiant soldier and was one of the first 
to enter the Mystic fort and to clear the brushwood entrance 
after Capt. Mason had leapt over it. 

On June 2 following, the General Court gave him command 
of thirty men out of the Connecticut River plantation, " to 
set down in the Pequot country and river in place convenient, 
to maintain the right that God by conquest had given them." 

In 1639 he joined the New Haven Colony, where his name 
appears among the first list of freemen for that year; he 
signed the fundamental agreement of the church June 4, and 
in October the following year was admitted a member of the 
General Court ; at the same time being chosen marshall. 

He went back to England in 1646, but returned in a few 
years, and in 1654 led the forces raised in New Haven to be 
placed under the command of the English officers Sedgwick 
and Leavitt against New Netherlands ; but fortunately, timely 
tidings of peace arriving from England, the expedition was 

In 1662 Robert Seeley was 'chosen by the General Court, 
Commissioner for Huntington, L. I. In 1663 he was appointed 
chief military officer of Huntington, and also one of those who 
received letters patent of that township. 

Captain Nathaniel, son of Lieut. Robert Seeley, was an able 
and brave officer. In 1676 he was commissioned a lieutenant 
for Fairfield County in " King Philip's War " and was killed 
on December 19 of that year in the Great Swamp fight while 
gallantly leading his men into action. A grant of two hundred 
acres of land at Fairfield was made the next year by the Col- 



70 Seboeant Francis Nicholls 

oniul government to his wife, in recognition of his military 

lie married first, about 1(549, Mary, daughter of Benjamin 
Turncy, Esq.; second, Elizabeth, widow of Obcdiah Gilbert^ 
fortiicrly wife of Nchcmiah Olmstcad. Had issue by first wife 




IJcnjamin. ; 





IMm'Ih'. ' .,\ ' 


Lieut. Nathaniel married Hannah Odell. 

Hannah Gray. 

James married Sarah Gregory, January 21, 1702-3. 






Hannah. . 


Stephen. \ - 




Ensign Nathan married Eunice . , 

Seeley — N1CHOLL8 71 

Children : 
• Nathan. 

Lieut. Nathan married Deborah Gregory. 

Children : 

Lieut. Nathan Seeley was in command of Stratfield 
(Bridgeport) and its environs in the War of the Revolution. 
Both he and his father, Ensign Nathan Seeley, are buried in the 
old Stratfield cemetery, the entrance to which has recently 
been graced by an artistic memorial gateway, the gift of the 
Mary Silliman Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution 
of Bridgeport. 

Abner married first, Sabria, daughter of Zacheriah Lyon, 
Esq., a prominent and wealthy resident of Western Connecti- 
cut ; second, Lucy Osborne. 

Children, by first wife: 
Children, by second wife: 




Nathan W. 





M0N8ON (Rev.), married Eliza Maria, daughter of Aaron 
and Polly (Lyon) Piatt. He served as a boy in the War of 
1812. After his marriage he settled at Palmyra, N. Y. 

72 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

Aaron Piatt was in direct line from Richard Piatt, one of the 
original settlers of Milford, Conn., and for one of whose de- 
scendants Plattsburgli, N. Y., was named. 

AiiMiNA, married George Knceland Nicholls. 

l''t,iZAHRTir, married James K. Nicholls. 
Sarah J. 
Abner, died unmarried. 

Armina married George Knecland Nicholls, of Nicholls' 

Charles Wilbur de Lyon. 
Lavinia Armina, deceased 1873. 

Elizabeth married James Kant Nicholls, of Nichols. 

Harriet, married Iloraice Wheeler. 
Eliza Lavinia, married Walter Nicholls. 
I'Vances Serena, married Walter IL Bullard. 
Mary Lucinda, married .John V. Singleton. 
Carolyn Josephine, married Lewis Uonnell Crane. 


Abxer Seeley, son of Lieutenant Nathan Seeley, of the 
Revolutionary war, married, second, Lucy Osborne. The Os- 
bomes, a family of unusual financial acumen, were among the 
founders of the historic Christ Church of Tashua, Fairfield 
County, Connecticut. Two of the members of the branch of 
the Osborne family : Amos and William, removed to Water- 
ville, N. Y., where they built up fortunes in the banking busi- 
ness. Rosalie, the remarkably beautiful and* accomplished 
daughter of Amos Osborne, Esq., married, first, Fitz Hugh 


Ludlow, an eminent author, and, second, Albert Bierstadt, the 
celebrated landscape painter. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bierstadt were presented at most of the prin- 
cipal European Courts, and were pioneers in New York society 
in entertaining personages of title, both at their town house in 
Fifth Avenue, and at their palatial studio villa at Irvington> 
on-Hudson. Bierstadt's paintings adorn the palaces of the 
Emperor of Germany ; the Czar of Russia ; the King of England 
and the Sultan of Turkey. 


Patiknce, daughter of Edwftrd and Hannah (Stiles) Hin- 
nmn, married John I3urrough(s) of Stratford, January 10, 

Edward Hinman was the only person of the name among the 
early settlers of the colonies; landing at Boston in 1650, thence 
coming to Stratford in 1651, and subsequently removing to 
Woodbury, where he resided until his death, and where his will 
was dated November 17, 1681. He was a cavalier in England 
and one of the bodyguard of King Charles the First. 

Edwnrd Ilinman was the forebear of several of our country's 
most illustrious soldiers and sailors in its struggle for inde- 
pendence; jimong whom may be cited: Col. Benjamin Hin- 
man, U, S. A., Capfjiin lOlish/i Hinnuin, U. S. N., »ind others 
of the name, as well, who achieved distinction in various walks 
of life at a later period. 

Col. Ben.tamin Hinman 

Benjamin Hinman, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Lamb) 
Hinman, and gran<lson of Edward and Hannah (Stiles) Hin- 
man, was born at Woodbury in 1720. He held a warrant as 
master of a troop of horse in the 13th Regiment and served in 
Canada against the French in 1771. 

He received April 19, 1775, a commission as captain in a 
regiment raised ^or the defense of His Majesty's territory 
against the French by Elijah Goodrich, who was the colonel. 
This regiment defended Crown Point and vicinity. Captain 
Hininan's promotion during this war was rapid and at its close 
he rajiked as lieutenant-colonel, and was promoted to the 
colonelcy of horse in the 13th regiment. 

At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War he was com- 
missioned as colonel of the 4th Regiment of Colonial troops by 
Governor Trumbull ; was in command of his regiment at Ticon- 
deroga ; was present at New York when captured by the British, 
and remained in active service until 1777, when ill health com- 
pelled him to return home. He represented Woodbury in the 
legislature for twenty sessions. He was also a member of the 

HiNMAN — Stiles — Nicholls 76 

State Convention which ratified the Constitution of the United 

Capt. Elisha Hinman 

Eh'shtt Hinman, son of Andrew, and great grandson of 
Sergeant Edward Hinman, was bom at Woodbury, Conn., 
March 10, 1734i. At fourteen years of age he took to a sea- 
faring life, and before he had attained his twentieth year he 
was captain of a merchantman, trading with Europe and the 
Indies. He was one of the first captains of the navy appointed 
by Congress and commanded the Cabot, a Continental brig, 
fitted out in New London in 1776. Later he succeeded Paul 
Jones as captain of the Alfred, which was captured by the 
Ariadne and Ceres while on her way home from France, March 
9, 1778. He was carried as a prisoner to England, but escaped 
to France, whence he returned home and engaged for a while 
in privateering. 

In 1779 he commanded the Hancock, a privateer sloop, and 
had fi run of exceptionally brilliant successes. He was honor- 
ably acquitted of all blame for the loss of the Alfred, and in 
1780 Captains Hinman and Havens in their respective sloops 
the Hancock and Beaver, captured the Lady Erskine, a brig of 
ten guns ; one of a fleet of twenty-one sailing vessels which was 
passing New London, under convoy of the Thames, a frigate 
of thirty-one guns. He <?ommanded several other vessels and 
at the close of the war returned to the merchant service. In 
1794 President Adams ofTered him command of the Constitu- 
tion, but he felt compelled to decline by reason of his advanced 
age. From 1798 to 1802 he was in the Revenue Service. He 
died at New London, August 29, 1807. 


John Bueroughs, of Stratford, married July 10, 1694, Pa- 
tience, daughter of Sergt. Edward and Hannah (Stiles) Hin- 


1 Stephen, bom Feb. 26, 1696. 
ft Edwaed, bom Mar. 14, 1696. 

Hannah, bora Nov. 26, 1697 ; married Ephraim Curtis. 

Eunice, bom Sept. 1, 1699; married Josiah Curtis. 

7G Sergkant Fkancis Nicholls 

3 Joseph, horn Nov. 23, 1701. 

JJathshehu, horn Sc'i)t. 2fi, 1703; married Sevignon Lewis. 

Jolin, born Au^. 31, 1705. 

Eden, horn July 10, 1707. 


ratitncc, horn Jan, 2, 1709. 

1 STEPHEN JU'IIHOUGIIS succeeded to the home- 
stead, and in conformity with the custom of tlie period, being 
the eldest son, received a " double portion." He was the owner 
of tlic " parisl) ^rist inill," an extensive land owner at Stratford, 
and also at Cornwall, Conn. ; having in 1737, in company with 
fifty others, purchased from the State, in fee simple, the whole 
of that township; comprising some thirty thousand acres. He 
also owned much land in Meridan and Wallingford, which he 
acquired by irdicritance from his father. He married March 
S, 1720, Ruth, daughter of Abraham and Rachel (Kellogg) 
Nicholls, of Nicholls' Farm. 


4 Eunice, born July 4, 1723. 
Edward, born 1727. 

6 Stephen, born Oct. .4, 1729. 
Ruth, bom April, 1731.  
Edward, born April, 1735. 

6 Eden, born Jan., 1737. 

7 Ephraim, born April, 1740. 
John, bom July, 1745. 

2 EDWARD married April 2, 1710, Abigail, daughter 
of Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey of Hatfield, Mass., son of Rev. 
Charles Chauncey, second president of Harvard College. She 
died in 1720. He married, second, Anne Judson, September 
11, 1722. By his will, dated April 18, 1732, and now on file 
in the probate records of Fairfield, Conn. ; he bequeaths to his 
only son Zachariah : " All his real estate, whether situate, 
lying and being in any part of the Kingdom of England; par- 
ticularly in Sudbury, in the County of Suffolk, in the Parish of 
St. Gregory, or here in Stratford in New England; whether 
lands, tenements or hereditaments." 

The seal of the instrument bears the Burrough(s) coat-of- 


arms, which, according to the best works on heraldry, is that of 
the Suffolk, England, family. He was a sea captain. 

3 JOSEPH married a sister of Rev. Stephen Munson, of 
New Haven (Yale, 1725). Their son, Joseph, was bom at 
New Haven, March 18, 1735, and graduated from Yale Col- 
lege in 1767. He died the year of his graduation, 

4 EUNICE married, 1741, Daniel Summers. Their 
son, Capt. Stephen Summers, married Mary Holhurton; their 
son Capt. Steplien Summers, married Betsey Young; their 
daughter Polly Summers, married Sheldon Smith; their son, 
Sterling Smith, married Lucy Josephene Wheeler, sister of 
Major General Joseph Wheeler, and their son Sterling Sum- 
mers Smith, of Brooklyn, N. Y., married Annie E. Bynum, 

Through the Holburton line the descendants of Capt. 
Stephen Summers go back to the Fayerwethers, Capt. Mathcw 
Sherwood, son of Thomas Sherwood, and Gov. Thomas Fitch, 
whose line is definitely traced back in England to 1294. 

6 STEPHEN married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Joseph and Punal (Bostwick) Browne of Stratford, May 22, 
1760. She died December 4, 1764. He married, second, 
Hulda, daughter of Peter and Mary (Nicholls) Pixlee, of " Old 
Mill," Stratford. 

Stephen Burroughs was in many respects a remarkable man, 
not only' as a pre-eminently successful merchant, ship builder, 
ship-owner and navigator — his vessels ploughing the seas in 
every direction, even to the distant ports of the Orient; but 
notwithstanding the magnitude and importance of his com- 
mercial interests, he was ardently given to philosophical specu- 
lation— -becoming a recognized authority in the science of 
astronomy, which subject he pursued with all the pertinacity 
and acumen of a Newton or a Herschel; his deductions being 
quoted by more than one of the standard treatises of the day. 
He, moreover, occupied an exalted position in the realm of 
mathematics, being the author of the decimal monetary system 
of the United States ; the formula of which he submitted to Hon. 
William Samuel Johnson, who was United States Senator from 
Connecticut at the time; and he, recognizing its practical 

78 Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

utility, presented it to Congress, and an enactment was at once 
liad under which Connecticut and Massachusetts began in 1785 
to coin copper cents — the full decimal currency being evolved 
by degrees, until the full decimal system was made legal in 

Stephen Burroughs was an active Whig in the Revolution. 
He raised a militia company called the Householders, of which 
he was chosen captain; was twice chosen representative to the 
General Assembly, and was a Justice of the Peace for many 
years. He was blind nearly twenty years before liis death, 
whici) ocnirred August }i, 1H17, aged eighty-eight yoarn. His 
retiiMifiN npohc beside (jione of \\\n wife, Jliildii, ill the old 
SI raf field cemetery, Bridgeport. Upon his gravestone is in- 
scribed the following epitaph, composed by and placed there 
at the instance of his stepson, Pixlee Judson, who was a young 
man of more than ordinary intelligence and erudition, and a 
great admirer of his step- father: 


" Stephen Burroughs, Ksqr., a man distinguished by his in- 
dustry and, his talents and acquirentents, self-taught and 
original, he exfjlored the vast fields of mathenuitical and as- 
tronomical science beyond all the efforts of a Cassini or a New- 
ton, and made discoveries of a most useful and astonishing 
nature, but, in consequence of his blindness, his discoveries are 
lost to the world." 

" This monument is erected by Pixlee Judson." 

The historian Orcutt, in a monograph entitled, " Stephen 
Burroughs and His Times," read by him before the Fairfield 
County Historical Society at Bridgeport, a. d. 1887, and which 
is on file in the archives of the Society, the following passage 
occurs : 

" This germ of a city, planted most certainly by Stephen 
Burroughs about 1755 at Rocky Hill and on the Pequonnock 
Harbor, foot of State Street in 1769, has grown to be a popu- 
lous city; celebrated in every village of America and Europe 
and largely to the ends of the earth as the City of Bridgeport. 
Stephen Burroughs started the wheel moving at his grist mill 
when he lifted the gate of trade by opening a store and building 
a schooner, and therefore to him belongs the honor of planting 

Burroughs — Nicholls 79 

the cornerstone of this now prosperouj, populous, and widely 
known city." It might be added in parenthesis, Bridgeport 
to-day is a city of more than one hundred thousand inhabitants. 
Stephen Burroughs' library was one of unusual proportions, 
consisting chiefly of scientific, philosophical, and historical 
works ; bound mostly in substantial calf leather. The greater 
portion of this library is in the posession of his great-grandson, 
James R. Burroughs, Esq., of Bridgeport. 

Children, by first wife; 
Eunice, born April 80, 1761. 

8 Hlrplu'ii, Imrn Murcli /J, 1769. 
David, bom Oct. 18, 1764. 

Children, by second wife: 
Elizabeth, bom Sept. 4, 1767. 

9 Hulda, bom March 26, 1769. 
Abigah, bom Jan. 17, 1771. 
David, bom Oct. 31, 1773. 

10 Isaac, bom Oct. 16, 1776. 

A sister of Stephen Burroughs* first wife married Wolcott 
Chauncey, and they were the parents of Commodore Isaac 
Chauncey, the distinguished naval officer of the eighteenth 
century. Wolcott Chauncey was son of Rev. Robert Chauncey, 
son of Rev. Charles Chauncey, son of Rev. Israel and Mary 
Nicholls Chauncey, the latter being daughter of Isaac Nicholls, 
brother of Caleb Nicholls. Rev. Israel Chauncey was one of 
the chief founders of Yale College. 


Isaac Chauncey went to sea at the age of thirteen years: 
obtained command of a ship when nineteen years of age; was 
appointed lieutenant in the U. S. Navy in 1798 ; was promoted 
to be commandant in 1802 and captain in 1806. He served 
with distinction in the war with Tripoli; was in command of 
the Navy Yard at Brooklyn from 1808 until 1812, when he was 
placed in command of the lakes, which he maintained with the 
highest gallantry as a naval commander. Afterwards he com- 
manded the Mediterranean Squadron from 1816 to 1818, and 

80 Skiigkant Francis Nicholls 

then was npni'n rommandcr of the Navy Yard at Brooklyn, and 
was president of the Navy Comniisssion at his decease, which 
occurred at Wasliington January 27, 1840, 

6 KDEN nURUOUGIIS. Was graduated from Yale 
College, Class of 1757. After fjraduation he studied theology 
under the preceptorship of the distinfruished divine, Rev. David 
Judson, of Newtown, Coiui. Having fillc<l v/irious jjastorates; 
in the yt'iiv 177) • id the Hollrllalion of Prchidcnt VVheclocK, of 
))fit linotllh ColltTrc, lie w/m inchiced lo vi^it H/itiovei', N. II., 
to (Jnach as a candidate for the p/istorato of the church there, 
and his sirviccs proving satisfactory, he received »i call, which 
he acce|)ted. lie was elected a trustee of Dannouth College 
the next yar, and remained in that office until his death. The 
degree of I). I), was conferred upon him in 1806. 

It is said that, with many eccentricities, Eden Burroughs 
possessed a strong mind and special power as an extempo- 
raneous speaker. He was the author of several ecclesiatical 

7 EPIIRAIiM. Removed from Stratford to New York 
State eai^ly in life, and among his descendants is John Bur- 
roughs, the distinguished naturalist and author. 

8 Sl'EPIIEN. Married, first, Mary, daughter of Capt. 
Levi Jennings, of Boston, Mass., March, 1792; second, Parmela 
Turney, of Trumhull, Conn,, November 12, 1812. He suc- 
ceeded to his father's commercial intereets, which he conducted 
with enn'ncnt success to about the time of his demise, which 
occurred in 1836. 

Children, by first wife: 

11 IMaria, bom June, 1792-3. 

Stephen, born Aug. 27, 1793; lost at sea. 

Henry, bom April 30, 179— . 

12 Lucretia, bora Nov. 19, 1796. 
Eliza, born April 23, 1798. 

13 Henry, bora Oct. 20, 1800. 
Charles, bora July 31, 1802. 

14 Fanny, bora April 7, 1804. 

16 Jennet, bora Oct. 24, 1805 ; married Charles Lewis Nicholls 
David, bora May 6, 1809. 

Burroughs — Nicholls 81 

Children, by second wife: 

16 George, born July 16, 1813. 

Cornelia, born Aug. 13, 1817 ; married Frederic Kirtland. 
Harriet, bom Feb. 20, 1819. 
Susan, born June 22, 1821. 
Charles, bom June 16, 1826. 

9 HULDA. Married Joseph Backus, Esq., an able 
lawyrr of Stratfleld (Brldjifoport). Mr, Bftekus enjoyed the din- 
tineilon of being the autlior of the borough eharter of Bridge- 
port, the first borough charter granted by the Slate of Con- 

Mr. Backus was son of Rev. Simon Backus, of Stratfield; 
his mother being a sister of the distinguished ecclesiastic, Jona- 
than Edwards. 

10 ISAAC. Married Rebecca, daughter of Andrew 
Hurd, Esq., of Old Mill, Stratford. 

Children : 

17 Catherine Ann. 

11 MARIA. Married Isaac Sherman, Esq., one of 
Bridgeport's prominent and influential citizens. Mr. Sherman 
was largely interested in maritime enterprises, being the owner 
of several vessels employed in the Boston and West India 
trade. At one time he was a partner of his father-in-law, Ste- 
phen Burroughs. Mr. Sherman enjoyed quite a reputation as 
a " local historian," having prepared a series of historical 
notes of Stratford and Fairfield, which embraced biographical 
sketches of their more notable citizens living during the eight- 
eenth and nineteenth centuries. These sketches were subse- 
quently copied verbatim et literatim by the historian Orcutt 
in the preparation of his valuable histories of Stratford and 

. Children: 
Mary Sherman. 

Eliza Sherman ; married Darwin Warner. 
Jane Sherman ; married Rowland B. Lacy. 

82 Sergeakt Feancis Nicholls 

12 I>UC'IIKTIA. Married, first, Ransom C. Canfield; 
second, Gen. William Do Forest. Had issue by first husband 

17 Maria Canfield. 

18 Elvira Canfield. 

13 IIENUY. Married Ophelia Hurd, of Newtown, 

Children : 
Ifcnry C. 
William P. 
CliarlcR l)c Lancey. 

14 FANNY, ^farricd Joseph Woollcy, and had among 
other issue, Kev. Joseph Woolley, of Pawtucket, 11. I., father 
of the distin^iiished educator and author, Miss Mary E. Wool- 
ley, })residctit of Mt, Ilolyoke ('oljif^e. 

JENNETT. Married Charles Lewis Nichols, of Nicholls* 

CiriLnRFX : 
Charles E, Nichols; nmrricd, first, Frances Williams; Bee- 

ond, Mary Stewart Uowley. 
GcorfTe W. Nichols ; married Eli/abeth Main. 
Mary Nichols ; married Archihald A. Thomas. 
Jlcnry C. Nicliols ; died unnvirried. 
Edward Livingston Nichols; ma^ric(^ first, Sally West- 

cott ; second, Laura May Applegate. 
Sarah J. Nichols ; married William F. Moody. 
F.lizahcth Nichols ; married Theodore F. Bradley. 
W^alter Nicholls; married Eliza Lavinia Nicholls. 
Frances Nichols; died in infancy. 

16 GEORGE. Married Catherine S., daughter of Le- 
grand Bancroft, P^.sq., an eminent jurist, son of Oliver Bancroft, 
M. D., of Newton, Conn., son of Ephraim Bancroft, of Windsor, 

George Burrouglis served thirty-five years as cashier of the 

Burroughs — Nicholls 8S 

Bridgeport National Bank, and much of the prestige which that 
institution enjoys to-day is undoubtedly due to his sagacioui 
management in its early history. 

Children : 
19 Harriet Louise. 

Mary Katharine ; married Frederic M. Perry. 
George Legrand; died unmarried. 
James Richard; married Mamie Welles. 

17 CATHERINE ANN. Bridgeport's notable philan- 
thropist. Married late in life Allison A. Pettengill, of Bridge- 
port. Mr. Pettengill was the editor and proprietor of the 
Bridgeport Daily Standard, one of the leading journals of 
western Connecticut. He was a scholarly and cultured man* 

By her will Mrs. Pettengill made the following bequests : 

" To the city of Bridgeport," a capacious and attractive 
structure, situated at the comer of Main and John streets for 
the use of its public library. " The same to be forever known as 
the ' Burroughs' Library Building.* " 

" To St. John's Episcopal Church Society, of Bridgeport, 
the sum of thirty thousand dollars to be expended in the con- 
struction of a chapel adjoining the church edifice and to be 
known as * The Burroughs' Chapel.' " 

She also bequeathed a large sum for the construction and 
maintenance of a home for " Worthy indigent maiden ladies," 
to be known as " The Burroughs' Home." This latter provi- 
sion of her will has been gracefully and judiciously executed 
by the erection at Black Rock, a beautiful suburban section of 
Bridgeport, of an attractive and commodious structure of 
Colonial style of architecture, handsomely appointed and 
equipped with every modem device calculated to inure to the 
health and comfort of its inmates. 

In addition to the foregoing munificent bequests, Mrs. Pet- 
tengill generously remembered " The Bridgeport Hospital " and 
** The Sterling Widows Home," of Bridgeport, besides bestow- 
ing upon her kinsfolk sums aggregating nearly one hundred 
thousand dollars. 

18 ELVIRA CANFIELD. Married George Peabody. 

84f Sergeant Francis Nicholls 

Children : 
20 George Foster Peabody. 
Charles Peabody. 
Royal Peabody. 

19 HARRIET LOUISE. Married Joseph Torrey. 
She was the founder and first regent of the Mary SlUiman 
Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, of Bridge- 

George Burroughs Torrey, the distinguished portrait painter 
of New York and Paris, is a son of Joseph and Harriet L. 

20 GK0RG1-: FOSTER PEABODY is the contemporary 
eminent financier and phiiantliropist and a member of the noted 
banking firm of Spencer, Trask k Co., of New York City. 

LUCRETIA STURGIS. A niece of Stephen Burroughs* 
first wife (Mary Jennings) ; married Josliua Bates, Esq., of 
Boston. Josliua Ba.tcs subsequently went to England and 
became a partner in the great banking house of Baring Bros., 
of London, and of which he was senior member at the time of 
his death, which occurred in 1885. They had only one child, a 
daughter: Lucrctia Augusta, who married M. Van de Weycr, 
Belgiiun minister to the Court of St. James, who had one son, 
Victor William Bates Van de Weycr, who married August 6, 
18G8, Lady Emily Gcorgina, daughter of the second Earl of 
Craven, and they reside at " New Lodge," Windsor Forest, the 
seat of Mr. Van de W^eyer's grandparents, Joshua and Lucretia 
(Sturgis) Bates. Lady Van de Weyer is a sister of Lady 
Coventry, and of the Earl of Craven, who married Miss Brad- 

In 1854 Joshua Bates was appointed umpire between the 
joint commission, whose object was to effect a settlement of 
the claims between the citizens of the United States and Great 
Britain, resulting from the War of 1812, and it is said by the 
best official authority that the decisions of Mr. Bates were 
never called in question by either side, although they frequently 
involved differences of the most intricate as well as vitally 
important nature. 


. 1 



Hon. Charles Nichols, of New York, a distinguished member 
of the bar and U. S. Consul to the Hague through two Presi- 
dential administrations, was bom at Newtown, Conn., and grad- 
uated at Yale in the Class of 1812. He married IVIiss Romaine, 
daughter of Benjamin Romaine, the second comptcoller of the 
City of New York. 

Washington Romaine Nichols, an eminent lawyer, son of 
Hon. Charles Nichols, graduated at Columbia College, valedic- 
torian. He married Alicia Mackie, of New York. Had issue: 
Romaine,* Charles, Leta,* Henrietta,* Lulu,* and Washing- 
ton Romaine.* 

* Romaine Charles Nichols married Amelia Eccheveria, of 
New York. 

Henrietta * married Hon. Charles Emory Smith, of Phila- 
delphia, former U. S. Minister at St. Peterburg, Russia, and 
former Postmaster-General under McKinley and Roosevelt, and 
is editor *of the Philadelphia Press. 

Leta * married Oscar F. Livingston, of New York, whom she 
surviveu, and occupied the Livingston homestead, 108 East 
Thirtieth Street. ]Mrs. Livingston recently married James 
Blanchard Clews, of New York, a nephew of Henry Gews. . 

Lulu * married James Francis Sullivan, of Philadelphia, a 
banker and one of the foremost financiers of the State of Penn- 
sylvania. They had issue: Frances, Leta, Romaine Livingston, 
and Elaine Sherman. 

Lineage of Hon. Charles Nichols:* 

Sergeant Francis NichoUs, Stratford, 16S9. 
Isaac Nichols, Stratford. .; .• 

Isaac Nichols, Jr., Stratford. "  ' '. , ■/ • • 

Richard Nichols, Stratford. ....,.;• .,.,,^;. 

Nathaniel Nichols, Stratford. ...... 

Elijah Nichols, Newtown. 

* Charles Nichols, New York. : • r-^ 

■.•:i:*.i:m- -•- • 

What is known as the Greenfield Hill branch of the Nicholls* 
family first rose to special prominence through the Rev. Samuel 


i - 

88 Appendix 

Nicliol.s, horn al f»r<'( r)ficM ilill, /ind ulio at tlio tiiiK.- of his death 
(see Orcutt) was the oldest JOpiscopal clerygimiu in the United 
States, He njarrled Miss Susan Ncxen Warner, of New York, 
a notahle Iiciress. The old Warner estate comprised a large 
section of Murray Hill, including the ground on which the 
Grand Central Depot now stands. The late Effingham How- 
ard Nichols, LL. D., Colonel A. R. T. Nichols, Susan Warner 
Nichols and William B. Nichols, were some of the children of 
the Rev. Dr. Samuel Nichols and Susan Ncxen Warner. Ef- 
fingham Howard Nichols, of New York, was a lawyer, Union 
Pacific Railroad magnate, and real estate capitalist, and a 
Yale graduate, and one of the most active members of his class 
alumni. An only child. Miss Elizabeth Howard Nichols, of 
Shelton, Conn., survives him. She was his child by his first 
wife. Elizabeth Seahury Tread well, a lateral descendant of 
Bishop Seabury. 

Among other descendants of Isaac Nichols, the following 
may be named: George Livingston Nichols, an eminent lawjer 
of New York; Acosta Nichols, a member of the noted banking 
finn of Spencer Trask Sc Co., New York; Starr Hoyt Nichols, 
of New York; William Wallace Nichols, of New York; Howard 
H. Knapp and Howard N. Wakeman, distinguished members of 
the Fairfield County, Connecticut, Bar; Rev. Charles Chauncey, 
first minister of the first Congregational Church Society or- 
ganized in Stratford (later Bridgeport) in 1695. 

Rev. Charles Chauncey was grandfather of the illustrious 
naval officer, Comn)odorc Isaac Chauncey, a biographical sketch 
of whom is given on pages 79-80. 


Appendix 89 

WILLIAM FORD NICHOLS, D. D., Protestant Epis- 
copal Bishop of California, was bom at Llojd, N. Y., June 9, 
1849, son of Charles Hubert and Margaret Emilie (Grant) 
Nichols. He graduated from Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., 
in 1870, and from Berkeley Divinity School in 1873, He mar- 
ried, May 18, 1876, Clara Quintard, daughter of Edward 
Quintard, of New York and Stamford, Conn., a niece of Bishop 
Quintard, of Tennessee. The Quintards were related to the 
Van Alen and Schuyler families of New York. He was ordained 
Deacon in 1873; Priest, 1874; was secretary to Bishop Wil- 
liams of Connecticut in 1871-6. After several pastoral charges 
elsewhere in Connecticut, he was rector of Christ church, Hart- 
ford, from 1877 to 1887; St. James', Philadelphia, 1887-90; 
Professor of Church History, Berkeley Divinity School, 1885-7; 
consecrated Bishop Coadjutor of California, June 24, 1890; 
Bishop of California, April 6, 1893. He was the founder of 
the Church Divinity School of the Pacific, San Mateo, Cali- 
fornia. »- 

Following is the lineage of Bishop Nichols, including the 
names, birth and marriages of his children: 

ISAAC NICHOLL, son of Francis, had son Jonathan, 
who was bom December 20, 1655; died 1689. J 

JONATHAN NICHOLS married, December 21, 1681, 

Hannah Hawkins. ,....,. .,.,.■. 

Children: - .■~j-.x:-:_r.-r:^ ..•.■.-..>.i, 

1 Josiah, bom Oct. 21, 1682, ^  ' 1' .: :r '{^ S 

2 Mary, bom Jan. 16, 1684. ' "7'i(l ! ^ 
S Jonathan, bom Sept. 12, 1687; died Not. 6, 1760. ', 

3 JONATHAN NICHOLL married, December 10, 
1713, Sarah, daughter of Joseph Beach. . ■■\:^y''r'^'-:}'^' 

■i- ■■. _ ' ■-  .■ ■•.■■■,: '■' .-It.- *-,;.'> ■■J ,,' (■''Mil '; .'; 

4 Hannah, bom May 28, 1716. , .. ;^'f;':X ^i:^:;;^^^-:. 

^ 6 Mary, bora Sept. 6, 1718. ;/;.„:; p\%!}--'^l?V'\\:.;-J\.. 
 6 Abiah, bom Dec. 17, 1722. , W ;. ■','■*: r".^''  ?;:?. ^-.V-.!'^ '-rC- ^ 


■y ,•..;. J. •,.•••.'-■.■ -.. .■..;•.-,• — t-, T''*-'^ "• ■'■' <' - .f • »•■ •■ '. ■• , -■.(•••. V'-.j ,"!> • 4« , >  

, ,-.. - -..,.... - • .> . -.: 

90 Appendix >' 

7 .Tosiah, bom Dec. 4, 1724. ^. \ 

8 Hawkins bom Sept. 9, 1727; died Sept. 13, 1767; no " \ 

» 9 Ruth, bom Sept. 19, 1730. ;■'.;.' 

10 Jonathan, bom Aug. 10, 1732, • : 

11 Sarah, born Nov. 10, 1734. ' ' 

12 Eunice, bom Aug. 25, 1736. '' \''\-\-::v....: ''':;':^r 
7 JbSIAH NICHOLS' children were: 

13 Eunice, born April 22, 1757. ^ 

14 Sarah, bom Dec. 10, 1759; died about 1838. . 

15 Lucy Anne, bom April, 1764. 

16 Hezekiah Booth, bom Sept., 1770. 

17 Josiah H., bom -; died about 1797. 

18 Abiah. 

17 JOSIAH H. NICHOLS. Married, March 2, 1794, 
hyd'iH Morse. 


18 Josiah Morse, bom , 1797; died April, 1874. * 

Child : 

18 JOSIAH MORSE NICHOLS. Married, 1814, 
Delilah Duncombe. 

Children : 

19 Sarah Jane, bom Feb., 1816; died March, 1841. 

20 Charies Hubert, bom April 9, 1817; died March 2, 1893. 

21 William Morse, bom Feb., 1819; died Sept., 1837. 

22 Marj E., bom Dec, 1823; died Dec, 1841. 

23 Ljdia Ann, bora June, 1827; died Jan., 1866. 

20 CHARLES HUBERT NICHOLS. Married, De- ^ ' 
comber 26, 1844, daughter of Sweton Grant. j 

Child: ■•■..■■ ;' - -^  '-•• '• ■,:.,.:. „ 

24 William Ford, bora June 9, 1849. 

24 WILLIA.AI FORD NICHOLS. Married, Maj 18, 
1876, Clara, daughter of E. A- Quintard. 

Appendix 91 

26 John Williams, born Feb. «8, 1878. 

26 Mary Evelyn, born May 17, 1880. 

27 William Morse, born Dec. 1, 1881. 

28 Clara Quintard, bom May 22, 1888. 

29 Margaret Alice, born April 16, 1894. 

Woodward, February 27, 1908. 

Dean Child, November 6, 1907. 

26 MARY EVELYN NICHOLS. Married Philip 
Moylan Lansdale, December 16, 1904. 

Child : 
80 Evelyn Lansdale, born May 4, 1906. 

WALTER S. NICHOLS, of Newark, N. J., is descended 
from Francis Nicholls through Humphrey Nichols, who was 
at Newark about 1737. Mr. Nichols is vice-president and 
editor of the Insurance Monitor and Law Journal^ of Nev 
York. He is a graduate of Princeton University. His great- 
grandfather, Captain Robert Nichols, commanded a company 
of New Jersey militia in the Revolutionary War. 

Mr. Nichols* cousin, Mrs. Elizabeth Moore Bowron, of New 
York, is Historian General of the " National Society of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution." 


CHAUNCEY M. DEPEW is a Hneal descendant of Rev. 
Israel and Mary (Nicholls) Chauncey. She was daughter of 
Isaac Nicholls. 


92 Appendix 

Some Descendants of John Nicholls 

mmn II. nicholls, who is descended from the John 
Nicholls' brjuich of the family, several of whose members set- 
tled )it Norwalk, but svibscqu.'ntly removed to New York State 
a few generations afro, married Miss llhoda Holmes, of Lon- 
don, daughter of Rev. William G. Holmes, an eminent Church 
of J'>ngland clergym'in. 

l{h()da Holmes Nicholls is probably the most famous female 
waKr-color artist in America. They have two children: 
Khoda Olive and Arundel Holmes Nicholls, the daughter in- 
heriting to a marked degree her mother's artistic talent. 


William Curtiss, like his brother, " The Worshipful " Joseph 
Curtiss, was one of Stratford's most distinguished citizens. 

Among William Curtiss' descendants now living arc: Mrs. 
Jonathan Godfrey, Lewis IJ., and Roderick P. Curtiss, of 
Bridgeport, and their cousins, the Marquise de Talleyrand 
Perigord, of France, and Princess Ruspoli, of Italy, daughter 
of the late Joseph Curtiss, of New York. 

Lewis B. Curtiss was recently chosen president of the Con- 
necticut Society Sons of the American Revolution, succeeding 
the Hon. Jonathan Trumbull. 


Allen, Ethan, 26 

Joseph, 26 
Angler, Judith, 49 
Applegate, Laura May, 44 
Atwater, Elizabeth Marjr Ann, SI 

Reuben, 31 

Eudosia, 31 


Backus, Joseph, 81 

Rev. Simon, 81 
Bagley, Charles R., 44 
Baker, Elisha, 26 
Bancroft, Catherine S., 89 

Ephriam, 82 

Lcprand, 82 

Oliycr, 82 
Barker, Elizabeth FranCM, 48 

Hon. James, 49 

James W., 49 

Martha E., 48 

Mary Nash, 49 
Bassett, Abigail, 61^ 
Bates, Joshua, 84 

Lucretia Agusta, 84 
Beach, Anne, 33 

Elnnthan, 64 

Hannah, 38 

Hezekiah, 36 

Israel, 28 

Joseph, 89 

Martha Edwards, 36 

Thomas, 66 

Mllliam, S3 
Beard, Sarah, 66 
Deardiiley, Judge 8amuel| 44 

ritriiirllA, 44 

PrNclUii, 61 
Beecher, Ebeneeer, 97 

Henry Ward, S3, 43 
Beers, Edgar, 44 

Joslah, 64 

Benham, George Allen, 23 

Mercy, 31 
Bennett, Dea. Daniel, 31 

Sarah, 31 
Bierstadt, Albert, — 
Blackleach, Mr. Richard, 57 
Blakeman, Mary, 19 

Rev. Adam, 19 
Boardman, Rev. Daniel, 26 

Senator Elijah, 97 
Booth, Jennett, 59 

Marshall, 45 
Boothe, Bethia. 27, 56, 69 

David B., 59 

Hannah Edwards, 37 

Mr. Richard, 56, 59 

Samuel, 36 

Sarah, 36 

Sir Richard, 59 

Sir William, 57 
Bostwick, Charles, 69 

John. 26 

Mary, 26 
Bouton, Bridget, 53 

John, 53 
Bowron, Elizabeth Moore, 91 
Bradley, Hulda, 24 

Sarah, 40 

Theodore F., 45 
Brevoort, John, 63 
Brinsmade, Daniel, 53 

Mary, 20 
Browne, Elizabeth, 77 

Joseph, 77 

Punal, 77 
Bruce (lineage), 15 
BuUard, Walter H., 45, 72 
Burr, Aaron, 49 

Amos, 36 

Hon. Anroni 49, A9 

Jehue 03 

John, 49, 69 

Nathaniel, 49 

Peter, 57, 58 

Rev. Aaron, 59 
Burroughs, Abijah, 79, 61 




Burroiiplis, BnthsJieba, 76 

Cathrrinc Ann, 81, 83 

Clinrlcs, 80. 81 

Clmrlrs DcI-HHcey, 83 

Cornrlin, 81 

David, 79, 80 

Eden, 76, 80 

George, 81. 82 

George Legrand, 83 

Hannah, 75 

Harriet. 81 

Harriot Louise, 83, 84 

Henr>% 80, 82 

Edward. 75, 76 

Eli7,n, 80 

Elizabeth, 79 

I",phraim, 7fi. 80 

Eiinir,.. 75, 70, 77 

Fanny, 80, B2 

Henrv C. 82 

Hnlda, 79, 81 
. Tsaae. 79, 81 

JameR R., 79 

.James Hirhard, 83 

.Irniict, If, 80. 82 

John, 52. 74, 75, 70, 80 

Joseph, 70. 77 

[,iirrclla. HO. 82 

Maria. 80, 81 

Mary Knlhrrlne, 83 

I'atienre, 76 

Ruth, 76 

Susan, 81 

Stephen. 35, 44, 62, 76, 76, 
77, 78, 79, 80 

"William P., 82 
Burton. Benjamin. 56 

Joseph, 64  •■ 

Butler. Mary. 62 

PhetH", 62 

Richard, 60, 62 

Cnnfleld. Elvira, 82, 83 
Maria, 82 
Ranson, C, 82 
Sarah. 66 
Carow, Peter, 63 
Cbauncey, Abigail, 76 
Rev. Israel, 79 
Rev. Nathaniel, 76 
Wolcott, 79 
Rev. Robert, 79 

Cbauncey, Zacheriah, 76 

Commodore Isaac, 79, 88 

Mary (NichoUs), 79 

Rev. Charles, 76, 79, 89 
Christophers, Richard, 67 
Clark, Elizabeth, 38 

Hannah, 66 

Mathilda, 44 

Nathan, 36 

William, 38 
Clarke. Rev. James Freeman, 4?, 

Samuel, 42 
Clews. Henry, 87 

James Blanchard, 87 
Comstock. Christopher, 66 
Cook, Lowly, 31 
Corl»it. Mnry. 60 
Coventry. Lady, 84 
Craford. Sir William, 13 , 
Craigg, Catherine. 65 
Crane, Ia-w'ih Bonnell, 46, 79 
Craven, Earl of, 84 

Lady Emily Georglnana, 64 
Crlssy, Mary E., 24 
CurtiH, , 61 

Andrew, 36 
CurtlHs, Atuia, 56 

Hcnjamin, 50 

Bertha, 60 

Daniel, 30 

Ebenezer, 56 

Eliphnlet, 56 

Eliza. 56 

Elizabeth, 56 

Ephriam, 56, 75 

Hannah, 56 

Israel. 56 

Joseph, 27. 56, 67, 68, 69, 93 

Josiah, 56, 75 

Ix-wis B., 92 

Lucy, 41 

Mary, 56 

Nathan, 56 

Rowcrick P., 93 

Thomas, 56 

William, 56, 92 


DeForest, Edward, 64 
Gen. William, 89 
Darrow, Jemima, 62 
Depew, Cbauncey M., 91 
Dimon, Moses, 49 




Edwards, Abigail, 36 
Hulda, 40 
Pierrepont, 33 
Rev. Jonathan, 81 
Susan, 33 

ElUot, John, 68 

Rev, Andrew, 48 

Elton, Mr. John, 14 

Evarts, William M., 49 

Fairchild, Anna, 45 

Antonette, 45 

Betsey, 41 

Brvnnt, 41 

Ceiina Abiah, 41 

Col. Lewis, 41 

Daniel, 41, 45 

Dinah, 65 

Emma, 65 

John, 65 

Joseph, 65 

Julia Kmma, 45 

Juliet F., 41 

Horace, 45 

I/C Grand, 41 

Lewis, 64 

Plumb Nichols, 41, 45 

Priscilla, 60, 65 

Samuel, 65 

Sarah, 65 

Sarah Ann, 41 

Susan, 34 

Thomas, 24, 41, 60, 64, 66 

Timothy, 64 

Zecherlah, 65 
Fayerwether, 77 
Fenn, Benjamin, 68 

Susanna, 68 
Fitch, Gov. Thomas, TT 
Floyd, Richard, 33 
Foot, Andrew Hull, 31, 39, 59 

Endocia, 31 

Samuel Augustus, 31 
French, John, 27 

Mrs. Charles S., 95 
Fuller, Hon. Abrahcun, 49 

GUbert, Ellubeth, 70 

Grant, Gen., 32 

Gen. Ulysses S., 59 

Margaret Emilie, 89 

Samuel, 59 

Green, Hannah, 67 
Gold, Hon. Nathan, 68 

Nathan, 57 * 

Godfrey, Mrs. Jonathan, 99 
Gould, George J., 63 
Gregory, Capt. Moses, 63 

Deborah, 70 

Francis Hoyt, 63 

Sarah, 70 
Griswold, John, 26 
Gunville, Sir Richard, 49 


Harral, Edward W., 24 

Henry K.. 62 
Hawley, Capt. Abraham, 67 

Elizabeth. 56, 69 

Hannah, 63 

Henry, 27 

Joseph, 50, 63 

Mr. Joseph, 67 
HarrlH, Mary, 49 
Hatch, John, 31 
Hawkins, Hannah, 89 
Hicks, Hon. Whitehead, 63 

Thomas, 62 
Hinman, Capt. Elisha, 74, 76 

Col. Benjamin, 74 

Edward, 74 

Hannah, 75 

Patience, 74 

Sergt. Edward, 75 
Hitchcock, Dr. Edward, 36 

Prof. Edward, 35 
Hoar, Geo. F. (Senator), 49 
Holburton, Mary, 77 
Holmes, Rev. William G., 99 

Rhoda, 99 
Hooker, Isabella Beecber, 69 

Mary, 68 
Hoyt, Asa, 53 

Ruth (Kellogg), 63 
Hubbell, Josiah, 64 

Patience, 35 
Hudson, Susan Edwardr Johnsooi 

Hull, Andrew, 96 

Anna, 31 



Hull, Ann Binney, 42 

Caleb, 96, 31 

Caroline. 42 

Caph Joseph, 39 

Charles, 42 

Capt. TIieoj)hilus, 57 

Daniel, .'(». 42 

David. 38 

Kliza. 42 

i;iiza!ieth, 31. 38 

Oen. William. 20. 42, 62 

Henry, 42 

Isaac, 38, 42. 45. 62 

Joseph, 26, 31. 38, 42 

Jnlia Knox, 20, 42 

Levi, 38, 42 

Marin, 42 

Mary, 26 

01)iah. 26 

Reberra Parker, 42 

Samuel, 38 

Sarah. 26, 31, 33, 38, 42 

William. 38, 42 
Ilungerford, Ann Eliza, 46 
Hunt, .Mary. 49 
Hurd, Andrew, 81 

John, 16, 17 

Ophrlia, 8i 

Hi'linr/i, HI 


Ingcrsoll, (Jov. Charles R., 65 


Jackson, Isaac, 30 
Jenninps. Anna Burr, 52 

Capt. Levi. 80 

Mary. 44, 80 

Oliver Gould. 52 
Jessup, Morris K., 52 
Johnson. Dr. Samuel, 33 

Samuel W., 33 

Sarah, 20 

William Samuel, 33, 77 
Jones, I'aul, 75 
Judson, /Xbigail, 34 

Anne, 76 

Capt. .FameH, 5B 

Caroline. 35 

Clins. Frederick, 36 

Chns. Nichols, 35 

David, 35 

Judson, Jeremiah, 35 
Jonathan, 34 
Lewis Henry, 35 
Mary Lewis, 35 
Mary (Mitchell), 34 
Hev, David, 80 
Plxlee, 35, 78 


ICellopfr. Benjamin, 53 

Daniel," 24, 53, 66 

Elizabeth. 53 

Joseph, 53 

Lydia, 53 

Mary, 53 

Hachel, 24, 53 

Samuel. 53 

Sarah. 53 
Knnpp, Ilavard H., 88 
Knell, Elizabeth Newman, 26 

Isaac. 26 

Nicholas, 26 

Phebe, 26 

Lacy, How land B,, fll 
Ldfcyclle. (icii., 31 
I/dfindalc. {''.vclyn, 01 

l'liili|i Moylati, CI 
Lewis, Ajfiir, 35 

Jennett, 45 

Phebe, .35 

Ruth, 64 

Scvlgnon, 76 
LivinfTston, Oscar F,, 87 
Lock wood. Deborah, 49 

Robert, 49 

Susanna. 49 
Ludlow. Fitzhugh, 73 
Lyon, Sal»ria, 71 

Zecheriah, 71 


Mackie, Alicia. 87 
Main. Elizabeth, 44 
Mansfield. Comfort, 37 
Martin. Abigail, 26 

Mrs. Bradley, 84 

William, 19 
Marquand, Prof, Allan, 59 
Masters, Elizabeth, 36 




McKesson, John, 42 j 

McLellan, Isaac, 43 t 

Meigs, John, 52 

Tryal, 62 
Merwin, Miles, 66 
Mills, Richard, 13, 14 
Minor, Capt. John, 19 
Moody, John, 47 

William F., 47 
Morse, Lydla, 90 
Moss, Jane, 64 

John, 64 

Johanna, 64 
Munson, Rev. Stephen, 77 


Nash, Thomas, 48 

Dr. William, 49 
Nettleton, Martha, 63 
Newman, Gov. Francis, 26 
Newton. Rev. Roger, 69 

Samuel, 68 
Nichols, Abiah, 89, 90 

Abijah, 39 

A cost a. 88 

Ah'xnndcr H. T., 89 

Anna, HO 

Mi-lly, :J0 

Hnitllcy, 44, 46 

Carrie, 44 

Catherine Isabella, 35 

Charles, 87 

Comphe, 38 

Cornelia, 44 

David, 39 

Daniel M., 44 

David A., 36 

Effingham Howard, 99 

Elijah, 87 

Elizabeth, 39 

Frederick C, 36 

George Livingston, 98 

Hannah, 89 

Humphrey, 91 

Hawkins, 90 
' Henrietta, 87 

Henry H., 44 

Hezekiah Booth, 60 

Huldn, 39 
. Isaac, 87, 89 

James, 39 , ^ 

Jane, 44 

John, 30, 39 

Nichols, Jonathan, 89, 90 , 

Joseph, 30 
John Williams, 91 
Josiah, 89, 90 
Joslah H., 90 
Josiah Morse, 90 
Leta, 87 

Lucius Curtis, 41 
Lucy, 44, 90 
Luther, 44 
Lulu, 87 
Lydia Ann, 90 
Margaret Alice, 91 
Mary E., 90 
Mary Evelyn, 91 
Nathan, 30, 39 .. ^ 
Nathaniel, 87 
Noah, 39 
Phebe, 39 
Philip, 37, 38 
Philo, 39 
Richard, 12, 87 
Romalne, 87 
Samuel, 88 
Sarah. 29, 90 
Sarah Jane, 90 
vStarr Hoyt, 99 

Htilfs :w 

HiiKim Wnriipr, H8 
Wnltrr S.. 91 
Warren «., 46, 48 
Washington Romalne, 87 
William B., 88 
William Ford, 90 
William J., 46, 48 
William Morse, 90, 91 
William Wallace, 88 
NichoUs, Abiah, 34, 37 
Abijah, 36 
Abijah Moss, 40, 44 
Abigail, 19, 27 
Abraham, 19, 24, 25, 26, 31, 

53, 76 
Agur, 38 
Amelia, 40 
Andrew, 19, 24, 26, 97, 89, 

34, 37, 64, 67, 69 
Andrew Sension, 41 
Ann, 19, 34, 52 
Ann Wardc, 93 
Anna, 34, 39 
Arundel Hohnes, 99 
Avis, 95 
Bathsheba, 34, 61 



NIcholls, nonjflmin, 37 
Hciilali. 35 

IJflty, 3f) 

Burr H., 92 

Caleb, 13. 16, 17, 20, 23, 26, 
-'(). 31, 33, 34, 37, 49, 79 

C.'irolyn Joscphene, 45, 72 

Clifirles, 40 

Charles E., 44 

Chas. Ivcwis, 41. 44, 80 

Chas. Wilbur de Lyon, 45, 
47, T2 

Daniel, 25, 30, 37 

David, 35. 38, 41 

Kdword I-ivingston, 44 

Klijah, 37, 38 

?:ii'sbn, 3). 

EInntlian, 37 

Kii?, I I,avinia, 45, 72 

F:ii7,abeth. 27. 34, 39, 45 

F" ranees Serena, 45. 72 

Fninees, }2, 13, 14, 45, 49, 87, 

Franris, Inventory of Estate, 

It, 15 
Geor>re W., 44 
(lershim, 38 

Hannah, 14. 19, 26, 39, 62 
Harriet. 41, 72 

Hari'et Elizalieth, 45 

Henry C. 44 

Hester, 25, 31 

Hez.jdnh. 25, 37, 41, 61 

Hezekiali Shelton, 41 

Isaae 13, 35, 37, 38, 79, 89 

Isabel, 38 

James. 35. 07 

James Kant, 41, 45, 72 

Jerusha, 35 

John, 13, 19, 26, 27, 28, 29, 

33, 34, 37. 38, 92 
Joseph. 19, 25, 26, 28, 34, 36, 

38, 56. 59 
Josiah. 24. 26, 27 
Lavinia, 41 

Lavinia Armina, 45, 73 
Lueinda, 41 
Mat)el, 37 
Mansfield, 37 
Martha, 27, 30, 35, 37, 41, 

Mary, 19, 26, 27, 30, 31, 34, 

35, 36, 37, 41, 44 
Naomi, 35 

NIcholls, Nathan, 27, 28, 35, 36 
Nathan Pcet, 30, 37 
Norton, 41 
Patience, 36 
Phel)e, 19, 25, 26, 38, 60 
Polly Serena, 41 
Prosper, 41 
Rachel. 25, 30, 37 
Reuben, 38 
Richard, 12, 33, 47 
Robert. 37, 40. 60, 61, 64 
Ruth. 25, 31, 76, 90 
Samuel. 19, 24, 26, 30, 37 
Sarah. 19, 26, 27, 34, 35, ST 
Sarah J., 44 
Serpt. 13 
Silas. 37 
Susanna, 34 
Walter, 45, 72 
William Granderson, 41 
Niccols, Mr. Josiah, 57 
Nicoles. Abraham, IB 
Ann. 18 
Anna. 18 
Calel), 17, 18, 19 
John, 17 
John, 18 
Josiah, 17 
Mary, 18 
Pheby, 18 
Samuel, 17 
NIcoIl, Charity, 33 
Matthia's, 33 
Norton, Fletcher, 06 

Odell, Hannah, 70 
Ogden. Alice. 52 
Olmstead, Capt. James, 58 

Prof. Everitt W^ard, 63 
Osborne, Amos, 72 

Jane, 60 

Lucy, 71, 72 . 

William, 72 

Pardee, Dr. John H,, 46 

Moses, 46 

Sarah L.. 46 
Patterson, William, 64 
Paulding, Admiral Hiram, 58 
Pcabody, Charles, 84 



Peabody, George, 83 

George Foster, 49, 84 

Royal, 84 
Peat, Abigail, 61 

Abijah, 61 

Abraham, 61 

Alice, 61 

Ann, 60 

Benjamin, 60, 62, 65 

Butler, 60 

Catherine, 69 

Dea. Thomas, 38, $0 

Edward W., 69 

Elearcr, 62 

Ephrlam. 61 

Esther, 38, 61 

Francis, 62 

Frederick T., 69 

George, 62 

Isaiah, 61 

James, 60 

Johanna, 40, 61 

John. 60 

Josepli, 60 

Joslah, 61 

Katherlne, 60 

Maria, 62 

Mary, 60, 61 

Minerva, 62 

Nathan, 61 

Phebe, 61 

Philo, 61 

Priscilla, 61 

Richard, 60 

Samuel, 60 

Sarah Ann, 62 

Thomas, 30, 60, 61 

William, 60, 61, 69 

William Henry, 69 
Peet, Abiah (Ufford), 40 

Avis, 41, 61, 64 

Hannah, 30 
Perry, Frederick M., 83 
Pettengill, Allison A., 83 
Pickett, Daniel, 63 
Pixlee, David, 35 

Eunice, 35 

Hulda, 35, 7T 

Mary, 29, 35 

Mary (Nicholls), 77 

Peter, 29, 35, 77 

WlUiam, 35 
Piatt, Aaron,- 71, 79 

Abiah, 67, 68 

Piatt, Daniel, 66 

Ebeneter, 67 

EliEabcth, 66 

Eliza Maria, 71 

Epenetus, 66 

Gideon, 66 

Hannah. 66 

Isaac, 66 

John, 66 

Joseph, 53, 66, 67 

Josiah, ,66 

Mary, 66 

Phebe, 66 

Richard. 66, 79 ^ - 

Sarah, 66 

Polly (Lyon), 71 

Sir 'Hugh, 66 

Stephen, 67 
Plumb, Abiah. 37, 67, 68 

Daniel, 67 

Joseph, 67, 68 

Noah, 37, 39, 67, 68 

Phebe. 39, 67 

Susanna, 67 
Prentice, John, 19, 24 
Preston, Elizabeth, 34 

Hackeliah, 65 

Jehiel, 65 

William, 34 
Pyncheon, William, 63 


Quintard, Bishop, 89 
Clara, 89, 90 
E. A., 90 
Edward, 89 

Riggs, Lois, 20 
Romaine, Benjamin, 87 

Miss, 87 
Rowley, Mary S., 44 
Ruspol!, Princess, 99 

Say and Sele, Lord, 58 

Seabrook, , 65 

Seely, Aaron, 79 

Abel, 70, 71 

Abnep, 71 

Alden, 71 

Alson, 71 

Alston, 71 

Anna, 70 

643349 A 



Sccly, Armini. 15, 72 


Calvin, 12 

KhfTKzer, 70 

Eli, 71 

Klizahcth, V,, 72 

]'',iinirp, 71 

Ilnnnnh, 70 

Iliinnah (Jrny. 70 

Jnnirs, 70. 71 

Jesse, 71 

Jo, It), 70 

Joseph, 70 

Mnria, 71 

Maricltr, 71 

Mary. 70, 72 

Mnnson, 71 

I.iont. Nathan. 70, 71 
. Nathan (Ensipn), 70, 71 

Natlian, 70. 71 

Nalhan W.. 71 

Nathanirl. fiO. 70 

M.-iit. HolxTt. 69 

Phelte, 70 

Rebecra, 70 

Kobrrt. 70 

Sal)ria, 71, 72 

Samuel. 70 

Scth, 70. 71 

Sarah. 70 

Sarah J.. 72 

Sle|their, 70 
Shcltoii, Abijrail, Jf), 30 

A^rur, 'Mi 

Aii<lr»w, WH 

Ann. ;»'! 

Charity, '.17, 40 

Daniel", 36 . 

David, 30 ' 

Elizabeth, 36 

Enniee. 29, 37 

Hamilton, 40 

Isaac Welles, 36 

Jnsei)h, 36 

Josifth, 29. 36 

Martha, 36 

Mary, 36 


Philo, .36. 39 

Rev, Philo. 40 

Prudence, 41 

Rev, George Agustus, 40 

Rev. Willinm, 40 

Siimnel, 29, 36 

Shclton, Sarah, 36 
Sherman. Edmund, 49 

Eliza, 81 

Esther, 49 

Gen. William I., 21, 49 

Henry, 49 

Hon. John, 49 

Hon. Uopcr, 49 

Isaac, Rl 

Jane. 81 

John, 19 

Mary. 81 

Mr. John, 57 

Mr. Samuel, 57 

Samuel, 16, 17 
Seabury. Bishop, 39, 88 
Sherwood, Capt. Mathew, 77 

Thomas, 77 
Singleton, John V., 45, 72 
Smith. Isaac. 34 

Hon. Charles Emory, 87 

Lucy, 20 

Mury, 34 

N'ehemiah, 66 

Phebe, 34 

Prof. Chas. H., 52 

Sheldon, 77 

Sterling, 77 

Sterling Summers, 77 
Stiles, . 31 

Mr. Ephriam, 58 
Sullivan. James I-'rancis, 87 
Sununers, Capt. Stephen, 77 

Daniel, 77 

Polly. 77 
SIftwe, Marrlil Mcecher, M 
Strowbrldge, Mr. ThomHS, 57 
Sturgis, Lucretin, 84 

Taylor, Moses, 44 
Terrell. Roger, 63 
Thomas, Archibald A., 44 
Thompson, John, 30 
Tomlinson, Beach. 40 

Hon. Gideon, 40 
Tooker, Cnpt. John, 14 
Torrcy, George Burroughs, 53, 64 

Joseph, 84 
Treadwcll, Elizabeth Seabury, 89 
Turney, Benjamin, 70 

Mary, 70 

Parmella, 80 




Ufford, Abigail, 64 , 
Anna, 64 
Anna (Moss) 61 
Dnniel, 64 
Ebenczer, 64 
Elizabeth, 63, 64 
Eunice, 64 
Jane, 64 
Johanna, 64 
Joseph, 64 
John, 63, 64 
Lydia, 63 
Martha, 63, 64 
Mary, 63, 64 
Samuel, 56, 63, 64 
Sarah, 64 
Thomas, 63, 64 

Van de Wcyer, Lady, 84 
M., 84 
Victor William Bates, 84 


Wakelee, David; 3T 
Wakeman, Capt. John, 58 

Howard N., 88 

Joseph, 57 
Walker, Al)iffail, 31 

Klcakiin, 36 

Jacob, 10 

Joseph. Ill 

Mary, 10 

Robert, 19, 31 

Rtith, 31 

Zacheriah, 19 
Warde, Abigail, 49 

Andrew, 16, 49, 52 

Anna, 16, 20, 31, 33, 4» . 

Capt Andrew, 59 

Edmund, 49, 53 

Esther, 52 

Esther Sherman, 16 

Gen. William, 59 

John, 49, 53 

Mary, 49 

Samuel, 52 

Sarah, 49, 52 

Sir Richard, 49 

William, 49 
Warburton, Sir John, 59 
Warner, Darwin, 81 

Warner, Susan Nexen, 88 
Welles, Bathsheba, 34 

Gov. Thomas, 34, 56, 58 

Mamie, 83 

Sarah, 34 

Westcott, Sally, 44 
Wheeler, Archer Crissy, 24 

Caleb, 19 

Capt. James, 23 

David, 23 _. 

Elizabeth, 19, 20 "^ 

Ellen B., 24 

Gen., 23 

Gen. Joseph, 92, 77 

Harry Deforest, 24 

Harry Penoyer, 24 

Hobart R., 45 

Hon. Nathaniel, 53 

Horace, 45, 73 

James, 20 

Joseph. 20, 42 

Lucy Josephine, 77 

Maj. Gen. Joseph, 20, 53 

Martha, 24 

Moses, 19 

Moses, Jr., 19, 23 

Nathan, 20 

Robert, 20 

Samuel. 20 

Samuel H., 24 

Sarah, 20, 23 

William Bishop. 94 
Whipple. Col. Chns. H., U, S. Ai 

Wines. Dea. Barnnbns, 14 
Whitney Stephen. 23 
Williams, Bishop, 89 

Frances E., 44 

John, 19 
Woodbury, Elizabeth, 67 
Wood, Elizabeth, 66 

Phebe, 66 
Woodruff, John, 66 
Woolley, Rev. Joseph, 82 

Mary E., 52, 82 
Wooster, Abraham, 19 

Gen. David, 19 
Wright, Hon. William, 69 

Young, Betsey, 77 
Youngs, Christopher, 14 
Col. John, 14 
Rev. John. 14