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Full text of "A sermon preached before His Excellency Charles, Marquis Cornwallis, Lord Lieutenant, President and the members of the Association for Discountenancing Vice and Promoting the Practice of Religion and Virtue in St. Werburgh's church on Thursday 23d May, 1799"

Milton, 
Peterborough 




S E R M Q N 

PREACHED BEFORE 

HIS EXCELLENCY 

CHARLES, MARQUIS CORNWALLIS, 

LORD LIEUTENANT, PRESIDENT, 

AND THE 

MEMBE RS 

OF THE 

ASSOCIATION 



DISCOUNTENANCING VICE, AND PROMOTING THE 
PRACTICE OF RELIGION AND VIRTUE ; 

IN 

ST. WERBURGH's CHURCH, 

ON THURSDAY 23d MAY, lypp- 
BY THE 

REV. GEORGE MILLER, D.D. F.T.C. 



DUBLIN: 
PRINTED FOR WILLIAM WATSON AND SON, 

PRINTERS TO THE ASSOCIATION, 
NO. 7, CAPEL-STREET. 

1799- 



At an Extraordinary Meeting of the AJfoc'iation for difcountenanc'mg 
Vice and promoting the PraSice of Religion and Virtue, held in 
St. Werburgh's Veftry-Room, 23d May, 1799. 

His Grace the Lord Primate, in the Chair. 

It was Unanimoufly Refolved, 

On the motion pf His Grace the Lord Archbifliop of Tuam, 
Seconded by the Right Rev. and Hon. the Lord Bifhop 
of Cork, 

That the Thanks of this Affociation be prefented to the 
Rev. GEORGE MILLER, D. D. F. T. C. for his ex- 
cellent Sermon preached before them this Day, and that 
he be requefted to publifh the fame. 



Signed by Order, 

JAMES MAXWELL, 1 
WILLIAM MATURIN, J becretanes * 



SERMON, &c. 



iv. 6. 



** There be many that fay ', 'who 'will Jbew us any 
" good ? Lord, lift thou up the light of thy 
u countenance upon us" 

IN this eventful time there are indeed many 
that fay^ who will flew us any good ? This is 
not merely the defponding inquiry of indivi- 
duals, furFering the cafualties and diftrefles of 
private life. The great mafles of mankind, 
whofe profperity and adverfity feem to be re- 
gulated by furer laws, are now prompted by 
the wide-extended feeling of political cala- 
mity, to look around with anxiety for fome 
wife monitor, who would teach them the things 
<which belong unto their peace. Throughout the 
whole extent of the civilized world, through- 
B out 

200?'82G 



out all thofe regions in which the improve- 
ments of arts and policy correfpond to the 
dignity of a reafonable nature, one melan- 
choly fcene of actual hoftility or of apprehen- 
fion, of internal convulfion or of foreign vio- 
lence, prefents itfelf to the reflecting mind. 
* Hven the nations which {lumbered in the tor- 
por of barbarifm, have been forced into this 
tremendous contefl of human paflion. The 
difturbers of Europe have penetrated the de- 
farts of the eaftern world, and have carried 
among the debafements of almofl favage man- 
Jiers the madnefs of corrupted civilization. 

In fuch an awful period of human affairs, 
when the hearts of men are failing them for fear, 
and for looking after the things which are coming 
upon the earthy they muft be blind indeed, who 
will place their entire confidence in the efficacy 
of thofe fecondary caufes, which, in ordinary 
and peaceful times, appear fufficient for the 
maintenance of public tranquillity. When 
the world is changing around us, when among 
other nations all the temporal refources of po- 
litical fafety have failed in fucceffion, and 
events unufual and portentous crowd fo fad 
upon our notice, that we are furprized if, 

during 



( 3 ) 

during any little interval, no fubverted go- 
vernment lengthens the difaftrous roll of re- 
volution, great muft be the blindnefs and pre- 
fumption of thofe, who will Mill rely for their 
fecurity on the petty expedients of human 
wifdom. The vifitations of the Almighty 
have accordingly turned unto him the 
thoughts of the ferious and reflecting* The 
conviction of the temporal, if not of the 
eternal, importance of chriftianity, has been 
imprefTed upon the minds even of thofe who 
heretofore had lived in a thoughtlefs difregard 
of its momentous communications. Perfons 
of every rank have been taught to entertain 
the fentiment of the Pfalmift ; and that the 
Lord would lift tip the light of his countenance 
upon us, that his favour mould be conciliated 
by a more flricl: conformity to his facred will, 
is beginning to be regarded as the fureft 
pledge of political fecurity. 

The AfTociation, which t am appointed to 
addrefs this day, were early convinced of the 
urgent and indifpenfable neceffity of an effort 
to reanimate the decaying principle of religi- 
ous obligation. More than fix years ago a 
very fmall number of individuals lamented 
B 2 the 



( 4 ) 

the rapid and alarming progrefs of immorality 
and impiety, and fought in the united en- 
deavours of thofe who fhould be actuated by 
a kindred feeling, that ability to ftem the tor- 
rent, which they were fenfible their detached 
exertions never could pofTefs. The virtuous 
call has been favourably received, and eagerly 
obeyed. It muft naturally be expected, that 
the clerical order mould be forward in con- 
necting themfelves with an Aflbciation, whofe 
object is to accomplifh more effectually the 
very purpofe, to which their own labours had 
been confecrated. They mufl have been falfe 
to the truft which has been repofed in them 
by the community, they muft have been un- 
profitable fervants of that God whofe worfhip 
they profefs to inculcate, if they had not zea~ 
loufly combined their powers with thofe of an 
Aflbciation " for difcountenancing vice and 
promoting the practice of religion and virtue." 
But happily our Inftitution is not compofed 
only of perfons of this defcription. The fa- 
cred importance of its object has interefted in 
its caufe the talents and refpectability of the 
various departments of focial life, and three 
fucceffive Vice-roys have deemed the protec- 
tion and encouragement of its exertions wor- 
thy 



( 5 ) 

thy of the reprefentative of Majefty. It is 
my duty to ftate to an Aflbciation thus diftin- 
guifhcd by all that can beftow dignity on a 
fociety, dignified by the noblenefs of its pur- 
pofes and by the rank of its patrons, what are 
thofe confiderations which render the utmoil 
energy of their exertions effentially important, 
and in what manner the exertions of fuch an 
Affectation may be effectual to the attainment 
of the ends which they propofe. It is a fub*- 
jecl which has been ably treated by my prede- 
ceffors, but the repeated difcuflion of it may 
not be unufeful. To the members of the 
Affociation it may perhaps contribute to re- 
new that vigorous zeal, which is liable to 
abatement in every long-continued effort ; 
and with the public in general it may ferve to 
diffufe more widely an interefl in the objects 
of this Affociation, and thus at once to extend 
that moral influence which fuch an intereft 
muft create in the minds in which it has been 
excited, and by the more powerful co-opera- 
tion of flill larger numbers, to render more 
efficient thofe means by which the Inftitution 
labours to invigorate the feeling of religious 
obligation. 

Look 



( 6 ) 

Look abroad then into the world, my 
brethren, and reflect on its fituation. Where- 
ever you turn your eyes, you behold thofe 
focial combinations, in which alone man can 
attain to the dignity of his nature, in which 
he finds the opportunity of his exertion and 
the means of his improvement, menacing their 
fpeedy diflblution into the elemental war of 
anarchy and rudenefs. At home we behold 
the melancholy veftiges of a fanguinary re- 
bellion, which, whilfl it defied the reflraints 
of government, outraged every feeling of hu- 
manity and virtue, Who that confiders thefe 
things will not acknowledge that fame princi- 
ple is wanting, which mail chain down the 
violence of human paflion, and bind more 
clofely to each other the members of each 
community ? 

If reafon did not inform us that the flrong 
principle, which can alone fecure to a nation 
the bleifings of internal tranquillity, is an ex- 
tended regard to religious obligation, practical 
experience would fupply with the fimple evi- 
dence of fact abundant means of conviction. 
What nation is that, whofe convulfive ftrug- 
gles have fpread through the world diforder 

and 



( 7 ) 

and difmay, which feems by its fufFerings to 
be the providential warning, and by its vio- 
lences to be the providential chaftifement of 
the prefent age ? The fame in which it is no- 
torious that the moft avowed difregard of re- 
vealed religion had long prevailed j in which 
to defpife and ridicule the gofpel of Chrift had 
been confidered as an indifpenfable accom- 
plifhment of polifhed life, and profligacy of 
manners had been fancUoned by ufage, and 
methodifed into fyftem : the fame which has 
exhibited to the world the moral prodigy of an 
European government formally difcarding, as 
.an exploded artifice, the fublime (implicity of 
the chriflian revelation, and fubftituting in 
the place of its folemnities the childiili page- 
antries of heathen idolatry : the fame which, 
to promote the fchemes of its ambition, has 
affected to range itfelf under the banners of 
the impofhor of the Eaft ; and, though too 
much enlightened for the gofpel of Chrift, 
could accommodate its pliant acquiefcence to 
that mafs of voluptuoufneis, extravagance and 
plagiarifm, the koran of Mahomet. I fay not 
this for the purpofe of exciting or cheriming 
any violent fpirit of national antipathy even 
againft thofe enemies of our peace : but, 

whilft 



( 8 ) 

whilft in the mildnefs of chriftian charity we 
deplore their infatuated perverfenefs, we may 
derive from their example the inftructive ad- 
monition, that the difregard of divine revela- 
tion is fatal to the peace, and good order, and 
happitfefs of human fociety. 

This impreflive leflbn of immediate obfer- 
vation is corroborated by every confideration 
of the nature of human fociety. In vain may 
the abflradled philofopher argue to his own 
theoretical conviction, that every man will 
. moft effectually promote his private enjoyment, 
by withdrawing his view from his own indivi- 
dual interefts, and labouring with his utmoft 
energy for the advancement of the general 
good. The rapacity of the violent, the in- 
trigue of the artful, and even the innocent 
fuffering of the poor, will proteft againfl the 
fpeculative conclufion. Will the man of vio- 
lence liften with unimpaflioned fairnefs to the 
argument which would perfuade him to fub- 
mit to the labours of induflry, and await its 
flow advantages ? Will the corrupt man be 
induced to forego the fuperiority, which he 
derives from difhonefty and cunning, and 
content himfelf with his proportioned (hare of 

the 



( 9 ) 

the general profperity? Will the vicflim of 
poverty and diilrefs feel that a patient acqui- 
efceiice under the heavy prefTure of affliction, 
as it unqueflionably would conduce to the 
public order and happinefs of fociety, would 
alfo be the moft effectual method of afTuaging 
his forrows and fatisfying his wants ? The 
various propenfities, which urge men to the 
feparation of private from public good, may 
indeed be reftrained ; but not by any reflecti- 
ons on its theoretical impracticability. The 
fear of the great judge of all the earth may 
arreft the arm of the ruffian, check the fcheme 
of the fraudulent, and reprefs the impatience of 
-the deftitute. Inftead of an intricate and 
doubtful connection of their private welfare 
with the profperity of a community, they 
may perceive a fure and inevitable connection 
between their good or evil conduct, and the 
retributions of an all-feeing God The influ^ 
ence of human laws mud be ineffectual, 
if it be not directed and enforced by the para^ 
mount authority of the divine commands. 
Without the pervading influence of religious 
obligation, human law is but the interefted 
combination of the powerful to compel the 
obedience of the multitude. If the legiflator 

be 



r 10 ) 

be not actuated by religious confiderations, 
the law itfelf may be oppreffive ; and if the 
people be irreligious, the great fecurity of evi- 
dence is loft, nor will the law be executed with 
fidelity. It is not the fubftitute, but the fup- 
plement, of the divine law. It pre-fuppofes 
the general prevalence of religious obligation, 
and merely directs its operation to the various 
exigencies of the public. 

It is efTential therefore to the well-being of 
fociety, that its members mould be bound to* 
gether by a principle more authoritative than 
the fpeculations of philofophy, more perfect 
and coercive than the mere regulations of le- 
giflation. Whatever may be the contentions 
of human politics, the men who fincerely and 
zealoufly labour to revive this principle where 
it has decayed, are true patriots. They labour 
to eftablifh in the hearts of men that unerring 
rule of conduct, which fo far as its influence 
extends muft be eminently beneficial, and 
without which the wifefl efforts of the world- 
ly politician muft be fruitlefs. Let me then 
direct your attention to the manner in which 
our AfTociation is fitted to operate upon the 
public mind ; let me point out to you its pow- 
erful 



( II ) 

erful tendency to the gradual correction of 
thofe oppofite extremes of though tlefs irreligi- 
011 and fuperftitious bigotry, which difgrace 
the different clafles of our countrymen. 

That the indulgences of affluence, and the 
vanities of fuperior itadon, are unfavourable 
to the call of chiflian. piety, is a maxim which 
requires from the preacher no tedious difcuf- 
fion. In the hour of ferious meditation all 
mud admit its truth, whilft all are yet eager 
to expofe themfelves in the dangerous fitua- 
tion. Surrounded by the afTiduous attentions 
of dependants, the elevated are ill-fitted for 
receiving impreflions of chriflian humility. 
Commanding every indulgence of appetite or 
caprice, the affluent are unfuited to that regu- 
lated fobriety of temper, which regards this 
life but as a pilgrimage to the true refting- 
place of a reafonable creature. The prefent 
world puts forth for the exalted all its charms, 
and the utmofl energy of a moral and religious 
mind is requifite for difpelling the fafcinating 
magic of the fcene, and preffing forward to 
man's real deftination. Unhappily the influ- 
ence of thefe feduclions is not confined to 
thofe who are immediately expofed to their 

operation. 



( I* ) 

operation. Not only the few who are placed 
in the more elevated ftations of fociety, are in 
danger of forgetting, amidft the diflipations 
of pleafure and the delufions of adulation, 
that ferious and folemn duty of working out 
their falvation with earneft folicitude, to which 
all of every rank are equally exhorted. The 
flrong contagion of example difFufes through 
many inferior orders the effects of thofe temp- 
tations, which acl with their principal force 
only on the moft exalted ; and the habitual ir- 
religion of unthinking and worldly-minded 
luxury defcends from rank to rank, until it 
penetrates to the very centre of the focial 
fyflem, 

Such being the difpofhions which the cir- 
cumflances of the higher orders are too well 
fitted to infpire, fome other rule of con^ 
duel: mufl be introduced, which mall be 
lefs rigorous in its impofitions of forbearance, 
and lefs mortifying to the pride of flation, 
than the felf-denying do<5lrine of a crucified 
Redeemer ; fome compromife between the en- 
joyments of this life and the hopes of futurity ; 
fome fyflem which may accommodate itfelf to 
every propenfity, and afford a juftification to 

every 



( "3 ) 

every indulgence. Such is the law of honour^ 
the all-fwaying rule of worldly opinion, which 
is worfhipped with idolatrous veneration. 
Originating perhaps at a remote period in the 
purity x>f chriflian morals operating on the 
ruderiefs of a barbarous world, it is at this 
day the mere regifter of the prevailing prac- 
tices of the fafhionable orders. Conftituted 
by their own conduct, it can enjoin no fevere 
reftriction on the indulgence of appetite. It 
can authorize the excefTes of the drunkard, 
the pillage of the gamefter, the irreligion of 
the man of the world, the corruption of the 
felfifh man, the licentioufnefs of the man of 
gallantry, and the murder of the duellift. It 
is a law derived from thofe actions which it 
ought to regulate, and enforced by the appro- 
bation of thofe whom it ought to reftrain. 

Such a rule of vicious indulgence and mu- 
tual countenance, fuch a confpiracy againft 
the genuine principles of moral and religious 
duty, meets in this AfTociation, if it be zea- 
loufly fupported, its proper and adequate 
counteraction. That opinion which gives its 
fanction to vice and irreligion, is here oppo- 
ed by a declaration of opinion in favour of 

religion 



feligion and morality. The licentious are no 
longer permitted to prefcribe laws to the feri- 
ous and devout. The friends of religion are 
here 'afTociated in oppofition to the fneer of 
the dimpated, and avow to the world their de- 
termination to hearken unto God rather than unto 
man. If all that refpeclability of rank and 
talent, which graces the rolls of our Inftitu- 
tion, be faithfully employed for the attain- 
ment of its objects, foon will the law of opi- 
nion become the ally, inftead of the enemy of 
religion ; foon will the voice of failiion afford 
its aid to the caufe of virtue, and the higher 
clafles of the community be honourably di 
tinguifhed by a concern for the true iiiterefts 
and happinefs of man. 

Among the laborious poor the obftrudlions, 
which impede the influence of religion, are of 
a very different kind, but not lefs within the 
power of our Aflbciation. Ignorance is the 
grand enemy of the religion of the poor. 
Whilft every exertion is engrofled by the ne* 
ceffity of providing the daily means of fub- 
fiftence, their thoughts are confined to the 
urgent concerns of the pamng day, unlefs 
fome mefTenger of good or ill mould labour 

to 



( '5 ) 

to inculcate principles of virtue or of vice. 
The poor are indeed placed in a fituation not 
unfavourable to the impreflions of religion. 
Little attached to a world which for them 
pofTefTes little charms, they can eafily be in- 
duced to embrace that covenant of mercy, 
which proffers to them another life of everlaft- 
ing happinefs. The pleafures of the prefent 
fcene do not bribe them from its acceptance, 
nor does the pride of prefumptuous reafon 
teach them to cavil at its terms. But it mould 
be remembered that the fituation of the poor 
man is at leafl equally favourable to the leflbns 
of turbulence and outrage. Whilfl fuffering 
the fatigues of labour and the hardfhips of 
poverty, he is tempted to compare his circum- 
ftances with the eafe and accommodations of 
the opulent. Ignorance may ftupify his reafon, 
but will not moderate his paflions. That ine- 
quality of human conditions, which philofo- 
phy might mew to be unavoidable, and in 
which religion might teach him to acquiefce 
with patient refignation, he is eafily indu- 
ced to regard as a fyflem of mjuftice and op- 
preflion. He cannot with the fpeculative poli- 
tician review the hiftory of human fociety, 
and difcoverthat irreverfible decree which has 

diftributed 



diftributed its members into claffes diftin- 
guifhed from each other with fuch apparent 
partiality of favour. He is unable to perceive 
the fallacy of thofe fchemes, by which the 
agents of public diforder tell him that his fitu- 
ation may be improved. Unufed to the com- 
plicated confideration of political eaufes and 
effects, he fees only what to him appears one 
great and intolerable grievance, and which 
he doubts not that one great effort will effec- 
tually remove Unhappily for our country, 
this is no imaginary picture, it is not now the 
mere apprehenfion of a fpeculator anxious to 
juftify by the poffibility of public mifchief 
fome favourite fcheme of public improvement. 
It is now matter of record, and is regiftered in 
the annals of the nation. Perufe that mod in- 
terefting detail of the confpiracy, which was 
laft year fo providentially blafled when al* 
molt ripe for execution, and you will learn 
that the poor of this ifland had been feduced 
into a participation of its plans by no confide- 
ration of the general advantages of political in- 
novation, but limply by a perfuafion artfully 
inculcated, that their own particular fituation 
mould be meliorated in the general eonvulfion, 
that in the promifcuous confufion of all orders 

and 



( '7 ) 

and diftindions the poor Jloould ceafe out of the 
land) that the pillage of the affluent fhould 
fuppjy them with the enjoyment of the necef- 
faries and comforts of life, and that after this 
one great violation of the rights of property 
every man mould thenceforward continue in 
the undifturbed pofTemon of his portion of 
the plunder. 

What effectual remedy can be propofed for 
an evil, which thus undermines the very foun- 
dation of civilized fociety, which rouzes, by 
delufive promifes of unattainable advantages, 
the phylical force of the multitude againfl the 
fecurity of property and the authority of law ? 
If it were juftifiable to adopt a deliberate 
fcheme of human degradation, if it were al- 
lowable to decree that man, whom the Al- 
mighty had formed In his own image, reaibna- 
ble and immortal, mould for the peace and 
good order of fociety be reduced to the rank 
of a machine ; it mud now be impracticable. 
You cannot do it. You cannot fliut the ear to 
the fecret inftigations of fedition. You can- 
not raze from the memory the recollection of 
thofe maxims of public confufion, which laft 
year defolated a wide portion of your country 
C Were 



Were no fuch confiderations applicable to 
our fituation, I lliould not be an advocate for 
the unnatural fyflem, which would fecure 
the good conducl by fhackling the under- 
ftandings of the poor. Shall the great majo- 
rity of our fpecies be debafed and embruted, 
as the only method by which they can be qua- 
lified for their ftation in fociety ? Is the light 
of reafon given to them only to be extin- 
guimed ? Are they incapable of apprehending 
thofe frniple, yet fublime, leflbns of piety to- 
wards God and charity towards man, 
which the fcriptures of our religion have 
recorded for our edification ? Are their 
intervals from labour to be abandoned 
to the ftupidity of floth, or to the riot of in- 
toxication ; and is no opportunity to be afford- 
ed to them of foothing by the comforting af- 
furances of the gofpel the difcontents of po- 
verty and fatigue ? But this is a fyftem, 
which now has few fupporters. The enemies 
of peace and order have left us no alternative 
but that of a wide-extended diffufion of moral 
and religious inftrudion. The fpirit of delu- 
fion is gone forth, and the true fpirit, that of 
chriftian piety, can alone defeat its efforts. For 
this purpofe the fcriptures muft be made as 
much as poflible the companions of your people. 

The 



The poor mud be enabled to become familiar 
with thofe interefting narratives which fo 
beautifully difplay the mild and amiable affec- 
tions of the human heart, with thofe awful 
inftances of divine retribution which manifeft 
a providential fuperintendance of the molt 
fecret actions of mankind, with thofe affecting 
effufions of fervent and humble piety which fo 
powerfully excite the fympathies of every feri- 
ous and unvitiated mind, and with thofe in- 
eftimable aflurances of falvation which can 
alleviate every hardfhip, and minifter confo- 
lation in every fuffering. You cannot meet 
the political incendiary on merely equal terms. 
You cannot by political difcuflion expofe to 
the conviction of the peafant the mifchievous 
futility of the fcheme, by which he is ftimu- 
lated to the work of blood. He feels that po- 
verty and labour are diftreffing, but cannot 
comprehend the complicated theory of human 
fociety which requires that the many mould 
labour for the few. The partifan of outrage 
appeals only to his fenfes and his paffions. 
The friend of peace and order muft fail, if he 
ihould oppofe to thefe ftrong impulfes nothing 
but an appeal to an underftanding unufed to 
abftracted reafoning and incapable of compre- 
C 2 hending 



hendiiig its force. But what cannot be effected 
with the underftanding, may be accompliftied 
with the heart. Religion will point out to the 
poor man the Saviour of the world wandering 
'without having where to lay his head^ and he will 
feel his own fufferings dignified and alleviated 
by the great example. Religion will teach him 
to regard whatever feverities may attend his 
lot as the trials of a kind though correcting 
providence, and to reft aflured that his patient 
endurance mould hereafter receive ample retri- 
bution. The genuine language of religion 
will harmonize every feeling, and bid the 
flormy war of paffion ceafe. Inftead of fpecu- 
lating on political confequences, the poor will 
be habituated to meditate on religious duties. 
That their fituation is the will of God, and 
that refignation and induftry are their duties, 
are principles which will enable them to repel 
the pernicious infinuations, which would be- 
tray them into the miferies and crimes of civil 
war. The fpirit of religion fhall move over 
the troubled face of our country, and order 
and light mall emerge from the moral chaos. 

^ ' '""f 

This fole effectual remedy of the turbulence 

of the lower claffes was among the earlieft ob- 

jeds 



jects of our Affociation. Its utmoft efforts 
have been exerted to encourage the catechetical 
inftruction of children in the principles of the 
chriftian religion, and by the well regulated 
diftribution of prizes much has been effected 
in the metropolis and its vicinity. But the 
evil required a more comprehenflve plan of 
reformation. This, though highly important, 
was confined in a great meafure to the adopt- 
ed children of public charity, to thofe who 
had been placed in the different inflitutions for 
the protection of the indigent. To reach the 
mafs of the people, to produce that general ef- 
fect which could alone counteract the general 
diforder, the Affociation adopted the meafures 
moft conducive to fuccefs. Short tracts on 
moral and religious fubjects have in considerable 
numbers been fpread throughout the country, 
and a very extended diftribution of the holy 
fcriptures themfelves has been undertaken and 
accomplifhed. With chriftian earneftnefs you 
addreffed the public for their fupport. You 
difclaimed the propagation of the tenets of 
any particular feet. You profefTed a nobler 
purpofe " than making profelytes from any 
one perfuafion of chriftians to another," 
Your plan was, " to diffeminate more exten- 

fively, 



fively, than had ever yet been done, " THE 
WORD OF Gop, and to make effectual provifi- 
on, that no houfe, no cabin in the whole 
kingdom, in which there is a fmgle perfon 
who can read, mould be destitute of the holy 
fcriptures." 

Thus is our Aflbciation a moral inftrument 
well adapted to the melioration of every clafs 
of the community. Comprifing among its 
members perfons diftinguifhed by all the re- 
fpectability of flation and of talent, it is fitted 
to fhame from fociety that extravagant and 
impious notion, which, in avowed difregard of 
the revelations of the Almighty, would erect 
into a formal ftandard of human conduct the 
actual practices of the diflipated and licentious. 
Embodying; into one united effort the zealous 
endeavours of every individual folicitous for 
the profperity of his country, and for the 
everlafling falvatipn of the ignorant and de- 
luded, it is fitted to exert a powerful and well 
directed influence upon every part of the great 
fyflem of the public. It is fitted, if its plan 
be duly fupported by the fincerity and zeal of 
its members, to abafli the effrontery of fafhi- 

onable. 



< *3 ) 

onable vice, and to eradicate the crimes of de- 
luded ignorance. 

But there are fome peculiar circumflances 
in the (late of fociety in this country, which 
render the operation of fuch an Aflbciation in 
a fuperior degree important to the difFuiion of 
religious principle. 

One of the characteriftic circumftances, 
which diftinguim the general (late of fociety 
in this country, is that it is compofed in a 
confiderable degree of thofe extreme orders, 
which form the balis and the pinnacle of im- 
proved and poliflied life ; that it is a combi- 
nation of the habits and manners of the more 
elevated and of the humbler ranks, with little 
of that regular gradation of intermediate 
clafTes, which might by imperceptible tranfiti- 
ons connect the two extremes. The influence 
of this circumftance upon the political fituati- 
on of our country has been frequently the 
fubjedl of confideration. Its operation upon 
the ftate of religion has been lefs attentively 
examined. Let me then direct your thoughts 
to this view of fociety in Ireland, and point 
out to you the peculiar utility of our Aflbcia- 
tion 



ion in remedying the moral mifchief, which 
may appear to refult from the comparative 
deficiency of the middle orders of focial life. 

It is an old remark, that the middle rank 
is mod favourable to the influence of virtue. 
Give me y faid Agur, neither poverty nor riches r, 
feed me with food convenient for me ; left I be full ^ 
and deny thee^ and fay ^ Who is the Lord ? or left I 
be poor , andjleal^ and take the name of my God in 
vain. AfTailed on either fide by the enemies 
of its influence over the hearts of men, coun- 
teracted on the one part by the temptations of 
diftrefs, and on the other by the pomps and in- 
dulgences of an alluring world, the genuine 
fpirit of religion has in general its mod exten- 
five and operative fway over the middle clafles 
of the community, over thofe who are raifed 
above the neceflities of the loweft, and deprefled 
beneath the luxuries of the higheft fituations. 
In the moft elevated ranks many individuals 
do indeed approve themfelves diftinguifhed 
inftances of real piety and active charity, but 
a fair confideration of human infirmity will 
not fuffer us to expect that thefe difpofitions 
mould be generally prevalent in circumflances 
fo unfavourable to their operation. The higher 

orders 



orders may be indifpenfable for perfecting the 
political machine, by beftowing upon the com- 
munity the refinements of improved fociety, 
by animating with the encouraging hope of 
diftincTion the exertions of induflry and ge- 
nius, and by maintaining that equilibrium of 
oppqling interefts which conduces to the tran- 
quillity of a ftate ; but the faving influence of 
chriftian piety will ever emanate moft power- 
fully from the moderation of the middle 
clafles. As their fober induftry and regulated 
frugality are the very (lamina of the political 
profperity of a nation, fb is their ferious and 
confcientious regard to chriftian duty the fureft 
bafis of national religion. 

What then muft be the ftate of religion in a 
country in which thefe clafTes are comparatively 
lefs numerous ? Is it not in fuch a community 
expofed to peculiar dangers ? Does it not re- 
quire for its fupport extraordinary exertions 
from thofe who are indeed zealous in its caufe ? 
Is it not neceflary that its friends fhould by 
their activity and co-operation endeavour to 
compenfate the deficiency ; to diffufe around 
them with more ftrenuous exertions that reli- 
gious influence, which local, as well as gene- 
ral 



ral caufes, fo powerfully tend to counteract 
and to deflroy ? Such a fyftem of religious 
activity and co-operation is our Aflbciation. 
Here every man who is zealous for the ad- 
vancement of religion, who is indeed ftncere 
in his profeiTion of the chriflian faith, who 
believes that the everlafting happinefs of man- 
kind is concerned in its reception, and that 
even their temporal profperity is bed promoted 
by a flrict obfervance of its dictates, may 
meet others equally defirous of engaging in 
every plan, which can contribute to extend 
more widely the knowledge and the practice 
of the duties of chriftianity. No apprehenfl- 
on of invidious Singularity need deter any in- 
dividual from the hardy enterprife of public 
reformation. He will in this fociety find 
himfelf fupported at once by numbers and by 
refpectability. No defpair of the fuccefs of fo 
vaft an undertaking mould difcourage his at- 
tempt. He beholds here a moral power, which, 
if duly exerted, is adequate to every purpofe. 
Compofed as this Aflbciation is of the ferious 
and intelligent of every order, comprifing 
within it the collective zeal and wifdom of all 
the active friends of religion, and the influ- 
ence of the moil exalted flation, it mufl be in 

its 



its own nature fitted to enforce with the moft 
powerful impreffion the accomplifhment of its 
moil extenfive plans. To fuppofe it ineffectual, 
iiotwithftanding the iincere and vigorous exer- 
tions of its members, we mud fuppofe that 
there is in man no tendency to admire and 
imitate virtue, and in God no difpofition to 
reward and blefs its efforts ; that there is no 
morality on earth, and no providence in hea- 
ven. 

There is another confideration, my bre- 
thren, derived like the former from the pecu- 
liar circumftances of our country, which gives 
efpecial importance to our Affociation. The 
fatal progeny of ages of political diffeniion 
has been a difagreement in religious tenets, ag- 
gravated into a ferocious bigotry utterly irre- 
concileable to the mild principles of that reve- 
lation which it profeffes to fupport. That fo 
many centuries of violence ihould have been 
terminated by the horrid catafhrophe of a re- 
bellion perpetrated with the moft remorfelefs 
cruelty, cannot occafion much furprife, how- 
ever it muft (hock every humane and pious 
feeling. But that in this which boafts to be 
an age of reafon, in this age of vaunted phi- 

lofophy 



lofophy and improvement, the fame malignant 
and unchriflian fpirit mould again be loofed to 
its infernal work of maflacre and defolation, 
and that this too mould have been done for ef- 
fectuating the plans of philofophical improve- 
ment, which were to give their due energy to 
all the nobler principles of the human mind ; 
are facts which muft have aftonifhed every 
impartial man who refpected himfelf as a rea- 
fonable being, every chriftian who charitably 
trufted that the age of bigotry was paft. Pro- 
bably indeed it had been paft for ever> if no 
artifices had been employed to flimulate into 
activity the latent principles of religious per- 
verfion which ftill lurked in the breaft of ig^ 
norance. The uncharitable violence of anci~ 
ent fuperftition was gradually yielding to the 
influence of reafon, and the hereditary ran- 
cour of political diflenfion was daily foftened 
by the peaceful habits of focial intercourfe ; 
but thofe who have profefTed " to think for 
the people," impatient of the regular progrefs 
of national improvement, and eager to grafp 
at every inftrument for effecting the accom- 
plifhment of fchemes which mould at once 
abolifh every grievance, aflbciated in the fup- 
port of what they termed an enlightened poli- 
cy* 



cy the operation of a principle which reafon 
and religion equally difclaim. In a country 
thus harafTed at once by ancient and modern 
divifions, by the half- forgotten bigotry of the 
days of ignorance revived and excited in the 
days of philofophy, no more effectual means 
of working an extenfive moral and religious 
reformation could be devifed than a voluntary 
AfTociation, comprehending all of every de- 
fcription of its people, who are fincerely defi- 
rous of invigorating and diffufing the practical 
influence of chriflianity. Any other fyftem 
muft experience a more determined oppofition 
from the prejudices and jealoufies to which 
it would be expofed. But what ftrong prepof- 
feflion can be entertained againft thofe, who 
have no common intereft except that which 
arifes from a concurrent conviction of the ge- 
neral importance of the object which they 
purfue, and who invite the co-operation of all 
without diftinction that are actuated by a fimi- 
lar fpirit ? You have acted with the liberality 
of fuch a comprehenfive fyftem. You have 
folicited the affiftance of the heads of the Ro- 
mifh church ; and " by what means a friend- 
ly intercourfe and co-operation may be beffc 
procured between the clergy of the different 

perfuafions, 



( 3 ) 

perfuafions, in promoting thofe principles and 
1 practices of the chriftian religion, in which all 
feels of chriftians are agreed," was an inquiry 
which early attracted your attention* 

And are there not alfo> my fellow-chrifKans, 
circumflances now operating upon our coun- 
trymen, which mould at this interefting crifis 
encourage to its utmofl exertions an Aflbciati* 
on thus fingularly adapted to our national fitu- 
ation ? When the judgments of the Lord are in 
the earth the inhabitants of the world will learn 
righteoufnefs* It is in the days of peace and 
profperity that man forgets his God* He for- 
gets that the blefTings which furround him are 
the gratuitous bounties of the Almighty ; he 
regards them as the creatures of his own pru- 
dence and abilities, or at leaft as independent 
of the will of that providence which has long 
continued to vouchfafe them,. He may from 
a compliance with the decent and ufeful cu- 
toms of the world join in external acknow- 
ledgments of the fovereignty of the Lord of 
heaven and earth ; but his heart, gratified 
with the tranquil enjoyment of the good 
things of the world, experiences no want, and 
acknowledges no dependence The feafon of 

adverfity, 



adverfity is the feafon of religious ferioufnefs* 
When the gay fcene, which fattened on this 
world all the thoughts and wifhes of the pro- 
perous, has been diffipated by the ftroke of 
misfortune, they can no longer conceal from 
their pride their dependant fituation. When 
the indulgences of profperity no longer fur- 
nifh their gratification to footh the longings of 
the human mind, it muft feek in the confbla- 
tions of religion that hope of lading happi- 
nefs, which the illulions of fublunary pro- 
fpecls have ceafed to afford. Thus at once 
humbled and undeceived, humbled from the 
vain notion of his fecurity, and undeceived in 
regard to his falfe eflimate of worldly happi- 
nefs, man is fitted for liftening with advantage 
to the exhortations of thofe who will with 
chriftian zeal avail themfelves of the impor- 
tant crifis. Such a crifis is now afforded to you 
my brethren. The chaftifement of the Al- 
mighty has pafled through our land. His venge- 
ance has not indeed been poured out upon us. 
We have not drank of the dregs of his dif- 
pleafure. But enough of mifery has been 
actually inflidled, enough of uncertainty and 
apprehenfion has been introduced amongft 
thofe who had efcaped the immediate ftroke of 

calamity, 



calamity, to open unto religious considerations 
thofe avenues of the mind, which " the fober 
fenfuality" of more profperous times had 
heretofore fhut up But befides this effect of 
recalling to religion thofe who had been 'feduc- 
ed from it by the habits of the world, I am 
perfuaded that I fpeak with fufficient autho- 
rity, when I affert that the public mifery 
which we have endured, has had in a confider- 
able degree a falutary influence in awaking the 
bigoted to an horror of that bigotry, which has 
difgraced and fligmatized our country, and to 
an anxious defire of deriving from the facred 
oracles, themfelves a true conception of the 
dictates of that religion, which had been fb 
much perverted and abufed. Oh my brethren, 
this is not a moment to be loft in inactivity. 
Renew your exertions. * Call again on the 
friends of religion to enable you to effect a 
farther diflribution of the fcriptures. You 
have done much, but much more remains to 
be accomplifhed. Adhere to your original 
propofal, and let the pure light of fcriptural 
religion mine into the darkeft corners of your 
country. 

* This moft ufeful plan has been fince refumed, and 
an engagement formed for the diftribution of three thou- 
iand bibles. For this purpofe more than one hundred 
guineas have been already fubfcribed. 



( 33 ) 

But if there ftiould be any, and I fear there 
are many fuch, whofe minds, inftead of being 
foftened into mutual charity by the fenfe of 
mutual errors and the fuffering of common 
calamity, have been only irritated into a flill 
more rancorous indulgence of that fpirit, 
which in the facred name of religion, has 
fpread defolation through our country, it is 
the duty of an AfTociation liberal and enlight- 
ened as is that body which I am addrefllng, 
to labour by every method, by their collec- 
tive exertions and their private influence, to 
mitigate and calm this unchriflian violence, 
and to lead their countrymen to a fincere pro- 
feflion of the gofpel of him, who came not to 
dejlroy mens lives ^ but to fave them* The apoflle 
tells us, that even the angels are deftrous of look- 
i?ig into the myflery of human falvation. 
What mufl be the feelings of one of thofe 
fupcrior beings, when, in the progrefs of that 
gracious difpenfation, in its flow and gradual 
operation on the evil tendencies of the human 
heart, he beholds the religion of the meek and 
benevolent Jefus perverted into a watchword 
of violence and outrage ! Strange and moii- 
flrous perverilon ! But let it, as far as is in 
your power, be imprefTed upon the public 
D mind 



( 34 ) 

mind that this is not chriftianity, that the 
gofpel difowns and reprobates this acrimonious 
fpirit, that it is a religion of peace, and for- 
bearance, and brotherly love. 

Some account will naturally be expected of 
the efforts which the Affociation has made in 
the courfe of the laft year for the accompli fo- 
ment of its objects : but it muft be remember- 
ed that this has been in a peculiar degree a 
year of political agitation and apprehenfion of 
every kind. The effect of fuch a period is in- 
deed, as I have dated, favourable to the im- 
preflion of ferious exhortation ; but the im- 
mediate crifis is unfavourable to the active co- 
operation of large numbers, in any extended 
fcheme of moral reformation. You have not 
however been remifs. You have renewed 
your efforts for reftoring the due obfervation 
of the fabbath, for eradicating the vice of 
perjury, and for reviving the practice of cate- 
chetical inflruction ; you have appropriated a 
fum of money to the reduction of the price of 
common prayer-books ; and you have particu- 
larly directed your attention to the important 
bufinefs of national education. With the moft 
heart-felt concern indeed do I {late to this con- 
gregation, 



( 35 ) 

gregation, that you have been abfolutely com- 
pelled to abandon the execution of that part of 
the general fyitem of education, which moft 
powerfully recommends itfelf to the charity, 
to the policy, and let me add to the juftice of 
fociety. The reform of youthful criminals, and 
of the unhappy children of convicts, prefented 
itfelf to you as an object interefting to every 
friend of humanity and religion. The former 
without your interference are referved only 
for a maturity of profligacy. Already tainted 
with vice, rejected by the virtuous part of fo- 
ciety, encouraged by the intercourfe of the 
vicious, and hardened by detection, they live 
only to fill up the meafure of their offences, 
to furnifh out a melancholy proof of the ex- 
treme degree of human depravation. The 
latter are in a fituation fcarcely lefs deplorable. 
The children of other parents, however ne- 
glected, might cafually receive fome faint im- 
preflion of moral obligation. They might 
fometimes hear the praifes bellowed upon a 
virtuous action, and catch with awakened 
feelings the fympathy of goodnefs. They 
might fometimes witnefs the obfervance of a 
religious duty, and be induced to meditate 
D 2 on 



( 36 ) ^ 

on that great Being who is viable only to the 
eye of reafon. But what a growth of abomi- 
nation mufb we look for in the minds of the 
children of the criminal poor ! After every 
precaution has been employed to guard the 
heart from the corruptions of human frailty, 
how powerful is*found to be the influence of 
worldly temptations in withdrawing us from 
the fervice of our God ! What then mud be 
the moral fituation of a child, who has feen in 
the example of a parent only a continued lef- 
ion of depravity, who has been taught to re- 
gard fraud, and violence, and pollution, as the 
ordinary and necefTary means of fubfiftence, 
and has learned the exiftence of a Deity only 
from the blafphemies of execration ! Can we 
abandon thofe novices in the ways of infamy, 
thofe victims of hereditary vice ? Are they to 
grow up only to be facrificed to the neceffities 
of public fecurity, to perpetuate the miferable 
fucceffion of vice and wretchednefs and igno- 
miny ? You zealoufly interpofed for their re 
cue, but you were unequal to the attempt. 
An AfTociation, whofe fund confifts only of 
the voluntary contributions of its members, 
was inadequate to the expence of fuch an un- 
dertaking. But whillt we recollect that the 

wife 



( 37 ) 

wife charity of our fifter-country has inftitut- 
ed and fupported fuch an afylum for thofe out- 
cafls of religion, let us hope that the plan 
which you have been compelled to abandon is 
not therefore abandoned for ever ; let us hope 
that it will be efficaciously adopted by the 
public, as indifpenfable to the prefervation of 
public morals from the baneful infufion of in- 
fant profligacy thus continued from generati- 
on to generation, and to the vindication of 
public juftice from the cruelty of punifli- 
ing with undiftinguiming feverity what may 
almoft be termed involuntary and inevitable 
vice I mufl not pafs in filence over a fociety, 
which may be faid to have fprung from your 
AfTociation. " The Howard Society," whofe 
object is to relieve the iiecemties of the un- 
happy pr ifoner, to reform his morals, and to 
give employment to his induftry, is a branch 
of that parent-flock of virtue and religion, 
which has taken root amongft you, and will 
foon I truft overfhadovv our now miferable 
country. 

I have now, my brethren, endeavoured to 
fulfil the duty which you had impofed on me, 
by ftating the nature and tendency of your 

mofi 



( 38 ) 

moft laudable and ufeful inftitution, the cir- 
cumftances which in this country give fuch an 
inftitution peculiar importance, and the exerti- 
ons which you have made for the attainment of 
your falutary purpofes Permit me, before I 
conclude, to addrefs you with chriftian fincerity 
in the language of exhortation You have 
aiTociated for the nobleft purpofes, and as a 
collective body you have done much for their 
accomplimment. But remember, my bre- 
thren, that the efficacy of your united mea- 
fures depends upon your individual conduct. 
Does then our AlTociation manifeft its fpirit 
in the conduct of its own members ? Is it evi- 
dently the co-operation of men fincerely zea- 
lous in the advancement of religion, as the 
means of promoting at once the prefent and 
future happinefs of mankind ? Or is it merely 
the temporary expedient of worldly-minded 
politicians, feeking to reflrain others by con- 
fiderations which have no influence over them- 
felves ? Such a fcheme muft be as unfuccefs- 
ful, as it would be unworthy Who will re- 
gard your admonitions, if it be not obvious to 
the public that yourfelves regard them ? If 
your conduct be not diftinguiihable from that 
of the diflipated and worldly, what check can 

the 



( 39 ) 

the upper clafles of fociety receive from your 
exhortations ? To them they will appear only 
the mockeries of hypocritical grimace. What 
^fFect can they have upon the lower clafles, if 
they behold you practically difavowing thofe 
precepts which you anxioufly. recommend 
to their obfervance? They will appear only 
to be the tricks of human policy, to be one 
part of a general fyftem of impofture ? No, 
my brethren, to be fuccefsful you mud be 
fincere and confident ; you muft be penetrat- 
ed with a fenfe of the truth and importance of 
that religion which you pro/efs to fupport; 
and you muft evince the fincerity of that con- 
viction by the whole tenor of your conduct 
You will pardon that plainnefs with which I 
have addrefled you. The wide extenfion of 
our Aflbciation feemed to juftify the admoni- 
tion. Spreading through every rank and or- 
der of fociety, it feemed to be in danger of 
being aflimilated to the prevailing manners of 
the world, inftead of difFufing the corrective 
influence of virtue and religion. Could we 
indeed at once adhere to the fincere and fervid 
fpirit which prompted the formation of this 
AfTociation, and comprehend within it all who 
may be defirous of being enrolled amongft its 

members, 



( 4 ) 

members, it would afford an unequivocal 
fymptom, that, however we may have fuffer- 
ed our religious feelings to become languid in 
the funmine of prof peri ty, there is Hill 
amongft us a vigorous principle of religious 
obligation, which the feafon of trial will 
bring into exertion ; it might encourage us to 
hope, that, amidft thofe fevere inflictions with 
which the divine providence is vifiting the cor- 
ruptions of the European world, this our 
ifland may be permitted to enjoy a compara- 
tive tranquillity ; that, whilft in the myfteri- 
ous difpenfations of the Almighty the influ- 
ence of religion feems elfewhere for a time to 
give way before the triumphant progrefs of 
that infidelity which its own corruptions have 
engendered, it may here experience a fecure 
afylum, until it mall again be enabled to dif- 
fufe itfelf throughout a purified and regene- 
rated world ; that this our native land, as it 
once before received and cherifhed the learning 
and civilization which fled before the brutal 
violence of the barbarians of the north, may 
again be the chofen fanctuary of the deareft 
hopes of mankind chafed by the intellectual 
barbarifm of a proud and prefumptuous phi- 
lofophy. 

But 



But whatever may be the public confe- 
quences of our efforts, whether they fhall in 
this great day of vifitation, be effectual in 
conciliating the protection of providence, or 
only moderate our portion of the general fuf- 
ferings of a corrupted world, we may reft a- 
fured that every fincere and zealous exertion 
for the great purpofes of this inftitution fhall 
to ourfelves produce its full and adequate ef- 
fec~l. The profperity and the fall of empires 
are hid in the infcrutable councils of the 
Almighty ; but as certain as the promifes of 
God is the recompenfe of virtue. The 'wicked 
worketb a deceitful 'work ; but to him that foweth 
right eoufnefs) //jail be afure reward. 



FINIS. 



APPENDIX. 



J_ H E fame political caufes which during the laft 
two years have concurred to impede or reftrain the 
exertions of the Aflbciation, have, in the prefent, 
operated with fimilar, though lefs extended effect, 
by preventing the attendance, or engrofling the at- 
tention of fuch members as from local eircumftances 
were immediately involved in, or connected with the 
great theatre of action. Thofe however who en- 
joyed a happy feclufion from, or were lefs deeply in- 
terefted in thefe important events, fhould confider 
themfelves more earneftly called upon by this provi- 
dential circumftance to devote their time and abilities 
to the attainment of the great objects of this infti- 
tution. Among thefe one of the moft important has 
ever been, the DiJJemination of the Holy Scriptures, 
The original plan of fubfcription for reducing the 
price of bibles, fo as to bring the knowledge of the 
gofpel within the purchafe of the loweft claffes, has 
been recommenced with ardour, and with a promife 
of the happiefl effects. Already have upwards of 
one hundred guineas been fubfcribed, and there is 
the beft founded reafon to believe that the fubfcrip- 
tion will fhortly be fo far extended, that the pious 
intention of the original inftitution will be carried 
into full execution. 

In purfuance of the outline obferved in the laft 
Appendix, the next object of their attention was a 
more due and exaft obfervance of the fabbath ; 
and here they again obtained the fanction and con- 
currence 



( 43 ) 

currence of magiftracy to enforce a due attention to 
the exitting laws on this fubject. On their applica- 
tion alfo the obfervance of Good-Friday and Chrift- 
mas day, &c. has been enforced by the chief magif- 
trate of the metropolis. ISlor have thefe exertions 
been altogether fruitlefs, the public fale of goods, 
&c. having been in a great degree prevented, and 
even that of fpirituous liquors confiderably reftrained 
on thofe days. The attainment of thefe objects 
muft however ultimately depend rather on the moral 
and religious improvement of fociety, than on the 
operation of penal itatutes. 

Independent of the former fteps taken by the Aflb- 
ciatioa to improve the Religious Education of Touth, 
by a communication with the fociety of literary 
teachers, &c. an effay on this fubject has been 
publimed under their aufpices, which has met with 
the approbation of feveral learned and refpected 
characters, and under the patronage of feveral of 
the Right Rev. Bench, has been diltributed in the 
refpective diocefes of this kingdom, accompanied 
with an Addrefs, and Queries from the Affociation, 
for the purpofe of obtaining more general and cor- 
rect information on the fubject. Thefe meafures are 
preparatory to a communication with government for 
the adoption of a more enlarged and enlightened 
fyftem of education for the lower claffes of fociety. 
The Affociation have at the fame time continued to 
recommend, and to afford their acoifiomed encou- 
ragement to the extenfion of catechetical lectures, 
and they are happy to find that the benefits of this 
excellent mode of inftrudtion are becoming more 
widely diffufed and more fenfibly felt. 

Among the various plans undertaken or encou- 
raged by the Affociation, it could not be expected 
that mm'lar fuccefs fhould attend upon each, and 
they are concerned to ftate, that from a concurrence 
of caufes and events, the eftabliihmem for the 

Reform 



( 44 ) 

Reform of the Criminal Poor has failed to produce 
the beneficial effects fo rationally and ardently ex- 
pected on its firft iuftitution. The attempt however 
has not been totally unproductive of good, and 
there is reafon to hope, that at a period of more 
confirmed tranquillity this object will engage the at- 
tention of government ; as the practicability and ad- 
vantages of the inftitution, on a more enlarged fcale, 
and with more comprehenfive powers, have been 
evidently demonftrated. In another line the exerti- 
ons of the Affociation in favour of the lower claffes 
of fociety have been attended with happier fuccefs ; 
the plan for the encouragement of fervants, is now 
nearly matured, is patronifed by characters of the 
firit rank and ftation, and bids fair to be carried into 
the fulleft effect. Nor can there be a doubt, but it 
would be productive of the moft beneficial confe- 
quences, not only to thofe who would derive imme- 
diate benefit from the inftitution, but to fociety in 
general, whofe well-being andhappinefsis intimately 
connected with and dependant on the good or ill 
conduct of this clafs of perfons. Emanating from 
the Affociation, and compofed principally of its 
members, though now forming a feparate inftitu- 
tion, the Howard Society next claims our attention. 
The objects and views of this eftabiifhment, and the 
progrefs made towards their attainment, have already 
been explained to the public, in the original addrels 
and the quarterly report of this fociety. It may 
pot, however, be improper to obferve, that the imr 
proved condition of the Four Courts Mar/foa/fea, and 
Bridewell, the two prifons vifited, and the happy 
change produced in the manners and conduct of the 
inhabitants, afford the ftrongeft proof of the fuccefs 
of their exertions, and form -the beft eulogium on 
the labours of the fociety. 

Though little apparent effect has been produced 
fcy the efforts of the Affociation, to ftem the rage 

for 



( 45 ) 

for lottery infurance, which fo univerfally infedls the 
lower clafles of fociety, yet have they continued to 
publifh cautionary tra&s and tales on this fubjedt, 
in the hope that they may imperceptibly open the 
eyes of the deluded multitude, and convince them 
of the abfurdity, as well as criminality, of thus en- 
gaging in a conteft of ignorance and weaknefs againft 
fraud and knowledge, where the hazard of lofs is 
reduced to alinoft a certainty, where fuccefs could 
not produce happinefs, but defeat mult be attended 
with certain ruin. 

With a view to the moral and religious inftrulion 
of the lower claffes of fociety , the Aflbciation have 
continued to diftribute a variety of tra&s on this 
fubjeft; among thefe, as one of the moil important, 
they have encouraged the re- publication of The 
Whole Duty of Man, in a fmaller fize, and at a 
cheaper rate, than the prefent edition, to bring 
it within the purchafe of almoft the loweft clafs of 
fociety. A confiderable and refpe&able lift of fub- 
fcribers have already patronized the work, and it 
will (hortly be published. 

From this detail it will be evident, that though 
fomething has been done, much yet remains to be 
performed, in the arduous talk of discountenancing 
Vice, and promoting the Caufe of Religion and Vir- 
tue. To this taik the Aflbciation wifh to call the 
attention, aud to folicit the co-operation of all their 
members ; and in doing fo, they, with little variation, 
adopt an addrefs lately p relented to them by one of 
their mod refpe&ed members, in the following 
words. 

" A Member of the Aflbciation, who has its inte- 
refts warmly at heart, who views with pleafure your 
laudable efforts to fupprefs Vice and promote Reli- 
gion and Vir ue, and the happy effedts they have 
already produced, indulges the fond hope, that you 

will 



will perfevere in your exertions, and not fuffer* that 
zeal, which has hitherto animated you, to fink into 
defpondency, or die away in languor and luke- 
warmneis." 

" Your deliberations have been interrupted by the 
unhappy difturbances oi the country for many months 
paft; but as it may be hoped tranquillity is now 
returning, your zeal and activity will revive with it. 
If you are perfuaded, that discountenancing Vice, 
and promoting the Practice of Religion and Virtue, 
are the lured means under heaven of preventing the 
recurrence of the calamities which this country has 
experienced, you will not fuffer your ardour to 
abate, but will, with redoubled vigour, meet the 
torrent of vice and infidelity which had well nigh 
overwhelmed your country, and Hill threatens fur- 
ther devaftation upon it. Will any defponding mem- 
ber fay, We have laboured for above fix years, and 
our labour has been in vain? To fuch member I 
would anfwer, you cannot know that your labour 
has been in vain ; bad as things have been, they 
might have been much worfej and there is every 
reafon to believe, that had an inflitution, fuch as 
yours, been eftablifhed in this country at an earlier 
period, it would have tended much either to pre- 
vent or to alleviate the horrors of the late rebellion. 
Had every cabbin been furnifhed with a bible, had 
the blefiings of education been extended to the cot- 
tages of the poor, would not their minds have been 
enlightened, their manners foftened, and that fero- 
city of temper (which has imprinted an indelible ftain 
on the national character) been melted down into a 
mild, gentle, and Chriftian difpofition? If fuch be 
the cafe, {hall we not perfevere in our labour of 
love? Shall we not exert our moft ftrenuous efforts 
to bring about fo defirable a change? Much is ex- 
pected of us. A refpeclable fociety, inftituted fome 
years before ours, has merged in ours; and the pub- 
lic 



( 47 ) 

lie have a claim upon us for the good which that 
fociety would have produced, and alfo for what we 
have pledged ourfelves to perform ? Should we now 
grow languid and defpoiiding, how fatal would the 
confequence be ? (to ufe the words of that excellent 
member who preached our firft fermon) " How foon 
" would public derifion ar.d contempt crufh our puny 
" and abortive efforts ? And how would the prece- 
(( dent of our ill fuccefs check every future attempt 
" to reform or inftrudl a licentious and irreligious 
" age ?" 

Let us then, from this moment, devote ourfelves 
heartily to the great work we have undertaken ; let 
us not be weary in well-doing. Our caufe is a good 
one; and we have reafon to hope that Providence 
will crown our labours with fuccefs, and confer upon 
us, at the laft day, the reward of thofe " who turn 
many to righteoufnefs," provided we perfevere unto 
the end with conftancy aad refolution. 



( 48 ) 

Receipts and Payments of the Affectation 
for difcountenancing Vice and promoting 
the Practice of Religion and Virtue, from 
ift June, 1798, (when the laft Account 
was pub limed) to ift July, 1799. 

RECEIPTS. 

. s. d. 
Balance in favour of the AfTociation, ift 7 

June, 1798 5 74 ?* 

Subfcriptions - - 208 3 3 

Donation from his Grace the Lord Primate 22 15 o 
Do. from Perfons not Members - 920 

Tracls and pamphlets fold 937 

3*3 4 5i 



( 49 ) 



PAYMENTS. 

Printing the following tracts, &c. faleable"" 1 
at reduced prices, or diftributed gratis 

1000 Sermon, preached before the Aflbci- 

ation, 22d May, 1798, by the Right 

Rev. T. L. O'Beirne, Lord BiOiop of 

Ofibry - 
3000 Exhortation to the duty of cate- 

chifing 

1000 Expoftulations to the higher clafles 
500 Eflay on manners and education 
1000 Reflections on Chriftmas 
1000 Prayers for infirmaries 
250 Plan for encouragement of fervants 
500 Refolutions for obfervance of the 

Sabbath, fecond edition 
1500 Abftract of the laws in force, for 

better obfervation of the Sabbath _, 
Premiums and other expences incurred ~) 

by catechetical examinations in 1 799 
Advertifing - > - 

Printing and Stationary 
Affiftant Secretary and MefTenger 
Incidental and petty charges 
Balance in favour of the Aflbciation, 

i ft July, 1799. J - - 



17 10 



'4 3 



13 

24 
72 

i 



114 14 



-3*3 4 



o.r THE 

MEMBERS OF TKE ASSOCIATION. 



Thus marked *, are Subfcribers to the" Fund. 

His Excellency CHARLES, Marquis CORNWALLIS, Lord Lieu- 
tenant General and General Governor of Ireland, Preil- 
dent. 



* His Grace the Lord Archbi- 
ftiop of Armagh 

* Right Hon. Lord Arden 

* Earl of Altamont 
Captain Chriftopher Abbott 

* John Allen, Efq. 

* Thomas Atfon, Efq. 

* Rev. Dr. Alcock 

* Rev. George Alcock 

* Lt. Col. William Alexander 

* Rev. John Alexander 

* Rev. Dr. Allott, Dean of 
Raphoe 

* Rt. Hon. Thomas Andrews, 
Lord Mayor 

* Rev. Henry Annefley 

* Hon. and Rev. William An- 
nefley, Dean of Down 

James Arbuckle, Efq. 
Rev. Frederick Arbuthnot 
Rev. Alex. Arbuthnot 

Rev. Wm. Jones Armftrong 

Rev. Wm. Armftrong 

Rev. Jonathan Afti 

Rev. Ifaac Afh 

Rev. Nicholas Afh 

Rev. Wm. Athill 

Jackfon Wray Atkinfon, Efq. 

Rev. Gilbert Auften 



B 

Rt. Hon. Earl of Belvedere 

* Rev. Walter Bagot 

* Chriftopher Bagot, Efq. 

* Rev. Chas. Emilias Bagot 
Counfellor Ball 

* Rev. John Ball 

* Rev. John Barker 
Rev. Thomas Barry 

* Rev. Philip Barry 

* Rev. Edward Barton, Arch- 
deacon of Ferns 

* Rev. Leflie Batterfbj 
Rev. Henry Bayly 

* Rev. P. Bayly 

* Rev. Edward Bayly 

* Rev. Edward Beattie 

* Rev. Dr. Beaufort 

* Rev. Dr. Benning 

* M. G. Bettefworth 

* John Berry, Efq. 

* John Claud. Beresford, Efq. 

* Rev. Charles Cobbe Beres- 
ford 

* Re v.George Beresford, Dean 
of Kilmore 

* Rev. Edward Berwick, Vi- 
car of Leixlip 

* Rev. Dr. Blundell, Dean of 
Kildare 

Rev. 



* Rev. William Blundell 

* Richard Bolton, Efq. 

* Richard Paul Bonham, Efq. 

* Rev. Richard Bourne 

* Hon. and Rev. Rich. Bourke 
Rev. Henry Boyd 

Maj. Gen. Wm. Brady. 

* John Brett, Efq. 

* Rev. David Brickell 

* Rev. John Brinkley 
Rev. William Briftow 
William Brooke, Efq. 
Rev. Richard Brooke 

Rev. Wm. Brooke, Vicar of 

Granard 
Arthur Browne, Efq. LL. D. 

S. F. T. C. D. 

* Rev. Chaworth Browne 

* Rev. Thomas Brownrigg 

* Dr. Bryanton 

* Rev. Dr. Burrowes 
Rev. Kildare Burrowes 

Rev. Edmund Burton, Arch- 

deacon of Tuam 
Charles Kendal Bufhe, Efq. 

* Rev. Richard Butler 

* Rev. Chriftopher Butfon, 
Dean of Waterford 

C. 

* His Grace the Lord Arch- 
bifhop of Cafhel 

* Right Hon. Earl of Charle- 
mont 

* Earl Camden 

* Right Rev. Lord Bifliop of 
Clogher 

* Right Rev. Lord Bifhop of 
Clonfert 

* Right Rev. and Hon. Lord 
Bifhop of Cork 

* Right Rev. Lord Bifliop of 
Cloyne 

* Turner Camac, Efq. 

* Rev. Robert Cane 

* Alderman Carleton 

* Rev. Peter Carleton, Dean 
of Killaloe 



Alexander Carroll, Efq. 

* Captain John Cafh 

* Richard Cave, Efq. 

* Rev. C. B. Caulfield, Arch- 
deacon of Clogher 

* Rev. Charles Caulfield 

* Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Caven- 
difh, Bart. 

* John Chambers, Efq. 

* George Chinnery, Efq. 
Rev. Dr. Cleaver 

James Cleghorn, Efq. M. D. 

* Hon. and Rev. Wm. Mont- 
gomery Cole 

* Rev. Charles Coleman 

* Mathew Coleman, Efq. 
Richard Collis, Efq. 

* William Cooke, Efq. 
Captain William Cope 

* Right Hon. Ifaac Corry 

* Rev. Thomas Conolly 
Cowan 

* Rev. Jacob Cramer 

* Rev. Dr. M. Cramer 
Rev. George Crane 

* Rev. Henry Crofton, Found- 
ling Hofpital 

* Rev. Henry Crofton, Royal 
Hofpital 

* Morgan Crofton, Efq. 

* Morgan Crofton, jun. Efq. 
Edward Croker, Efq. 

* Rev. John Cromie 

* Hon. Juuice Crooklhank 
George Crookfhank, Efq. 

* Edward Crofbie, Efq. 

* John Crofthwaite, Efq. 
Charles Coftello, Efq. 

* DelacheroisCrommelin, Efq. 

* George Cullen, Efq. 

* William Cuthbert, Efq. 

D. 

* His Grace the Archbifhop 
of Dublin 

* Right Rev. Lord Bifhop of 
Dromore 

John Dawfon, Efq. 

Rcr. 



Rev. Richard Dawfon 
Hon Juftice Day 
John Deane, Efq. 
Jofeph Deane, Efq. 
Rev. Richard Defpard 
Steph. Dickfon, Efq. M. D. 
Rev. Wm. Digby, Dean of 
Clonfert 

William Difney, Efq. 
Rev. Robert Difney 
Rev. Brabazon Difney 
Thomas Difney, Efq. 
Rev. Dr. Dobbin 
Francis Dobbs, Efq. 
Captain Jeremiah D'Olier 
Rev. Samuel Downing 
Rev. Dr. Drought 
Rev. Richard Diury 
Hon. Charles Dundas 

* Rev. James Dunn 

E 

* Right Rev. Lord Bifhop of 
Elphin 

John Eccles, Bfq. 

* Ifaac Ambrofe Eccles, Efq. 
Rev. John Elgee 

* Rev. Dr. Thomas Ellifon 
Rev. Dr. Thomas Elrington, 

F.T.C.D. 

* Gafper Erke, Efq. 

* Rev. Jof ia h EHkine 

* Counfellor Efpinafle 

* George Evans, Efq. 

* Rev. Mr. Evans 
Thomas Everard, Efq. 

* EarlFitzwilliam 

* Countefs Fitzwilliam 

* Right Rev. Lord Bilhop of 
Ferns 

* Frederick Falkiner, Efq. 
Rev. Wm. Lynar Fawcett 
Rev. Jofeph Faviere 

* Rev. John Fea 

* Mr. John Ferrar 

Rev. Dr. Robert Poole Finch 
Rev. Quintin Finlay 



* Rev. Jofeph Fttzpatrick 
Rev. Stephen Fletcher 
Right Hon. Wm. Forward 

* Mr. George Forfter 

* Rev. Nicholas Forfter 

* Right Hon. John Fofter, 
Speaker of the Houfe of 
Commons 

* Rev. Robert Fowler, Arch- 
deacon of Dublin 

* John Fox, Efq. 

* David Freeman, Efq. 

* Rev. David Freeman 

* Counfellor Robert French 

* Richard Frizell, fen. Efq. 

G 

* Rev. Thomas Gamble 

* Rev. Samuel Gerard 

* James Gibbons, Efq. 

* Rev. William Gimingham 

* John Godley, Efq. 

* Jofeph Goff, Efq. 

* Rev. Thomas Goff 
Rev. Mr. Gorman 

* Rev. John Grant 

* Rev. Richard Graves, D. D. 
F. T. C. D. 

* Rev. Thomas Grace 

* Rev. Thomas Graves, Dean 
of Ardfert 

* Rev. George Graydon 

* Robert Graydon, Efq. 

* Rev. Richard Grier 

* Rev. Geo. Leflie Greflbn 

* Richard Griffith, Efq. 

* Rev. Charles Grove 

* Rev. Dr. Grueber 

* Rev. Dr. Hofea Guinnefs 

* Rev. Wm. Gwynne 

Rev. Dr. Hales 

Rev. Dr. Hall, S. F. T. C. D. 

William Hall, Efq. 

* Rev. Alexander Hamilton 
Rev. Dr. James Archibald 

Hamilton 

* John Hamilton, Efq. 

Rev. 



( 53 ) 



* Rev. Hans Hamilton 

* Alexander Hamilton, Efq. 
Edward Harmanj Efq. 

* Rev. Singleton Harpur 

* Rev. John Ifaac Harrifon 
Rev. John Harvey 

* Rev. James Haftings, Arch- 
deacon of Glandelagh 

Rev. Dr. Chriftopher Harvey 
Rev. John Haughton 

* Hugh Henry, Efq. 

* Rev. Edward Herbert 
Rev. Arthur Herbert 

* Henry Hewitt, Efq. 

Hon. and Rev. John Hewitt, 
Dean of Cloyne 

* Rev. Ambrofe Hickey 

* Edward Hill, Efq. 
Dr. Edward Hill 

* Rev. Averill Hill 

* Rev. T. D. Hincks 

* Lewis Hodgfon, Efq. 
Peter Holmes, Efq. 

* Robert Holmes, Efq. 
Rev. Philip Homan 

Sir Francis Hopkins, Bart. 

* Francis Hopkins, Efq. M. D. 

* John Hopkins, Efq. 

* Hugh Howard, Efq. 

* Rohert Howard, Efq. 

* Rev. Dr. Hume, Dean of 
Derry 

Hon. and Rev. Abraham Hely 
Hutchinfon 

* Sir Francis Hutchinfon, Bt. 

* Rev. James Hutchinfon, 
Archdeacon of Achonry 

Rev. Francis Hutchefon 

* Alexander Jaffray, Efq. 

* Alexander Jaffray, jun. ECq. 
Alderman William James 

* Captain Meredith Jenkin 
Rev. John Jcphfon 

Rev. William Jephfon 



* Edmund Johnflon, Efq. 

* Rev. Thomas Jones 

* Rev. Wm. Dunkin Jones 
Rev. Crinus Irwin 

John Irwin, Efq. 

* Rev. James Irwin 

K 

* Right Hon. Earl of King- 
fton 

* Right Hon. Lord Bifliop of 
Kildare 

* Right Rev. Rord Bifliop of 
Killalla 

Right Rev. Lord Bifliop of 
Killaloe 

* Right Rev. and Hon. Lord 
Biihop of Kilmore 

Right Hon. Lord Kilmaine 

* Right Hon. Ld. Kilwarden 
Rev. John Kearney, D. D.. 

Provoft of Trinity College 

* Rev. Dr. Michael Kearney 
Rev. John Keating 

* Rev. John Kellet 

* Rev. John Kennedy 

* Rev. Nicholas Ward Ken- 
nedy 

* Rev. Dr. Kennedy, Vicar of 
Kilmore 

Rev. John Kenny, Vicar Ge- 
neral of Cork 
Rev. Robert Kenny 

* Thomas King, Efq. 

* Rev. Thomas Kingftmry 

* Chas. Berkeley Kippax, Efq. 

* Alexander Kirkpatrick, Efq. 
Rev. Walter Blake Kirwan 

* Alex. Knox, Eiq. 

L 
His Grace the Duke of Leir.- 

fter 
Rt. Hon. Lord Longueville 

* John Ladaveze, Efq. 
Rev. George Lambert 

* Rev. Dr. Lamilliere 

* Rev. 



( 54 ) 



* Rev. Archdeacon Lamilliere 
Major William Lane 

* Rev. Ed. Francis Lafcelles 

* Right Hon. David Latouche 

* John Latouche, Efq. 

* Peter Latouche, Efq. 

* David Latouche, jun. Efq. 

* Charles Laurent, Efq. 

* Rev. John Leahy 

* Rev. Edward Ledwich 

* Rev. William Ledwich 
Rev. Giles Lee 

* John Leigh, Efq. 

* Rev. John Letablere 

* Rev. John Lewis 

* Rev. Dr. Little 

* Edward Litton, Efq. 

* Rev. Verney Lovett 

* Rev. Dr. Wm. Lodge 
Rev. George Lowe 

* Gorges Lowther, Efq. 
Henry Lyons, Efq. 

* Rev. Dr. Thomas Lyfter 

* Rev. John Lyfter 

M 

* Earl of Meath 

* Right Hon. Lord Bifhop of 
Meath 

* Rev. Robert M'Alkie 

* Rev. Dr. M'Dowell 
Rev. Henry M'Clean 
Rev. William M'Laughlin 

* John Macauley, Efq. 

* Rev. Wm. Magee, F.T.C.D. 

* Rev. Daniel M'Neil 

* Rev. Thomas M'Mahon 
Alderman Richard Manders 

* Rev. Edward Mangin 

* Mr. Wm. Martley 

* Peter Maturin, Efq. 

* Wm. Maturin, Efq. Secre- 
tary. 

Rev. Henry Maturin 
Rev. Wm. Mauleverer 

* Rev. Henry Maxwell 

* Rev. James Maxwell, Sec. 

* Rev. Dr. Wm. Maxwell 



* John Waring Maxwell, Efq. 

* Robert Mayne, Efq. 

* Rev. Richard Meade 
Hon. Baron Metge 

* Rev. George Miller, D. D. 
F. T. C. D. 

* Rev. Oliver Miller 

* Rev. John Miller 

* Humphry Minchin, Efq. 

* Rev. James Montgomery 
Rev. Alexander Montgomery 

* Rev. Robert Montgomery 
Rev. Mr. Moor 

* Captain Moor. 

* Rev. Hugh Moore 

* Mrs. Hannah More, Briftol. 

* Rev. Allen Morgan 

* Rev. James Morgan 
Rev. Charles Mofle 
Rev. Hedtor Munro 
Rev. Henry Murray 

* Rev. Dodor Samuel Murray. 

N. ' 

* Thomas Needham, Efq. 

* Rev. Robert Nixon 

* Thomas Newenham, Efq. 
Sir Edw. Newenham, Knt. 

* Wm. Worth. Newenham, 
Efq. 

* Wm. T. Newenham, Efq. 
Robert O'Callaghan Newen- 
ham, Efq. 

* Edward Worth Newenham, 
Efq. 

Major Nicolls 

* Rev. Brinfley Nixon 

* Rev. Robert Nixon 
Brabazon Noble, Efq. 

O 

* Lord Vifc. Oxmantown 

* Right Rev. Lord Bifhop of 
Oflbry 

* Rev. Dr. O'Connor 

* Wm. Meade Ogle, Efq, 

* Charles O'Hara, Efq. 

* Rev. Hugh O'Neil 
Thomas Ormfby, Efq. 

Rev. 



Rev. Dr. Owen, North Wales 

P 

Rev. Henry Palmer, Archdea- 
con of Oflbry. 

* Roger Palmer, Efq. 
Rev. Henry Pafley 

Rev. Thos. Chriftmas Paul 

* Rt. Hon. Thomas Pelham 

* Rev. Philip Perceval. 

* Robert Perceval, Efq. M. D. 
John Pollock, Efq. 

* Jofeph Pollock, Efq. 

* Hon. and Rev. John Pome- 
roy. 

* Rev. Richard Powell 
Robert Powell, Efq. 
William Prefton, Efq. 
Rev. Edward Price 

* Rev. Mr. Prince, of London. 

* Major General Pringk 
Rev. Thos. Prior, F. T. C. D. 

R 

* Rev. John Radcliffe 

* Counfellor Redford 
Rev. Hugh Reynolds 

* Rev. Edward Richardfon 

* Jonathan Bruce Roberts, Efq. 
Rev. Peter Roberts, 

John Roberts, Efq. 

* Rev. Thomas Robinfon 

* Guftavus Rochfort, Efq. 
Rev. George Rogers 

* Sam. Rofborough, Efq, 
Rev. John Rofe 
Thomas Rothwell, Efq. 
John Rothwell, Efq. 

* Clotworthy Rowley, Efq. 
William Rowley, Efq. 

* Rev. Robert Ruflell 

* Rev. Dudley Chas. Ryder 

S 

Rt. Hon. and Rev. Lord 
Vifcount Strangford 

* George Sandford, Efq. 
Rev. Chriftopher Savage 

* Art. Saunders, Efq. M. D. 

* Morley Saunders, Efq. 



* Rev. James Sauritt 

* John Schoales, Efq. 

* George Schoales, Efq. 

* George Schoales, Efq. of 

London 

* Thos. Purdon Scott 

* Rev. Dr. George Sealy 
Rev. Archdeacon Seaton 
Rev. George Shaw, of London 
Rev. Wentworth Shield 

* Rev. Walter Shirley 
Rev. Dr. Simcocks 

* Hugh Skeys, Efq. 

* John Skeys, Etq. 

* Rev. Mathew Sleater 
Mr. Wm. Sleater 

* Ralph Smyth, Efq. 
Hon. Baron Smith 
William Smith, Efq. 

* Rev. Dr. Thomas Smith 

* Rev. George Smith 

* Rev. William Spence 

* Rev. Dr. Stack 

Wm. Stamer, Efq. 
Daniel Steuart, Efq. 

* Rev. Hugh Stewart 

* Rev. Henry Stewart 

* John Stewart, Efq. 

* Hon. Robert Stewart 
Charles Stewart, Efq. 

* Henry Stewart, Efq. 

* Rev. Dr. Stokes 

* Rev. Gabriel Stokes 

* Whitley Stokes, Efq. M. D. 
F. T. C. D. 

* Rev. James Stopford 

* Rev. Jofeph Stopford, Char- 
leville 

* Rev. Jofeph Stopford, F. T. 

Rev. Wm. Stopford 

* Lieut. General Straton 

k Rev. James Stubbs 

* Rev. Thomas Sutton 

* Rev. Samuel Synge, Arch- 
deacon of Killaloe 

* Sir Walter Synott, Bart. 

His 



His Grace the Lord Archbi- 
fhop of Tuam. 

Hon. and Rev. Edward Tay- 
lor 

* Rev. William Tew 

* John Tew, Efq. 

* Rev. Thomas Thompfon, 
Dean of Killalla. 

Richard Thwaites, Efq. .* . ' 

* Rev. Thomas Tighe 

* Francis Tipping, Efq. 
Rt. Hon. John Toler, Attor- 
ney General 

Dr. Townfend 

* Rev. Power Trench 
Frederick Trench, Efq. 

* Rev. Thos. Trench 

* Thos. Stocker Triphook, 
Efq. 

* Rev. Dr. Robert Truel 

* Rev. Peter Turpin 

V 

* William Vavafour, Efq. 

* Rev. James Verfchoyle, 
Dean of St. Patrick 

* Rev. Robert Vicars 
Rev. Richard Vincent 

* Rev. Hemfworth Ufher 

* Rev. John Ufher, F. T. 
C. D. 

Rev. Henry Cornelius Ufher, 
F. T. C. D. 
W 

* Rev. John Waddy 
Robert Watfon Wade, Efq. 
*j Rev. Wm. Wakeley 

* Rev. Chamberlen Walker 

* Rev. John Walker, F. T. 
C.D. 



Wm. Walker, Efq. Recorder 

* Rev. John Walfli 

* Rev. Raphael Walfli, Dean 
of Dromore 

* Rev. C. M. Warburton, 
Dean of Ardagh 

* Bernard Ward, Efq. 

* Mr. Wm. Watfon 

* Mr. Wm. Watfon, jun. 
Treafurer 

Rev. John Webb 

* Commif.ChriftmasWeekes 

* Mathew Weld, Efq. 

* Rev. Arthur Weldon 

* Rev. Anthony Weldon 

* Luke White, Efq. 

* Rev. Wm. White 

* Rev. James Whitelaw 
Geo. Boleyn Whitney, Efq. 

* Rev. Irwin Whitty 

* Abraham Wilkinfon, Efq. 

* Rev, John Williamfon 

* Rev. Andrew Wilfon 
Rev. Jofeph Wilfon 

* Benjamin Woodward, Efq. 

* Rev. Richard Woodward 
Henry Woodward, Efq. 

* Ben. Blake Woodward, Efq. 

* Rev. Henry Woodward 

* Sir Wm. Worthington, Knt. 

* Wm. Henry Worthington, 
Efq. Charnas, Stafford 

* Rev. Guftavus Wybrants 
Stephen Wybrants, Efq. 

* Rev. Henry Wynne 

* Rev. Richard Wynne 

* Robert Wynne, Efq. 

* Wiliiam Wynne, Efq. 

Y 

* Rt. Hon. Lord Yelverton- 



TRACTS 

Publt/hed by the ASSOCIATION, for promoting RELIGION 
and VIRTUE, 

And fold to fubfcribing Members at the following Prices, 
By WM. WATSON and SON, No. 7, Capel-ftreet, 



COMMON Teftaments 75. per Dozen a Reduction of 
35. per Dozen on Teftaments of a higher price. 

Common Prayer Books los. per Dozen. 

Annual Sermons Preached before the Aflbciation is. id. 
each one of which is given Gratis to each Member. 
Thofe already publifhed are by the Rev. Richard Graves, 
D. D. F. T. C. Rev. Robert Burrowes, D. D Rev. 
William Magee, B. D. F. T. C. Right Rev. T. L. 
O'Beirne, Lord Bifhop of Meath and Rev. George 
Miller, D. D. F. T. C. 

Addrefs on the Neglect ef Public Worfhip, by Rev. Robert 
Law, D. D. 45. 4d. per Hundred. 

Exhortation to the Religious Obfervance of Good Friday, 
by Bifhop Porteus 45. 4d. per Hundred. 

Adams's Paftoral Advice to Young Perfons before Confir- 
mation 45. 4d. per Hundred. 

Serious Advice to Perfons recovered from Sicknefs, by Bi- 
fliop Gibfon- 45. 4d. per Hundred. 

Exhortation to the Duty of Catechifing, addrefTed to all 
Perfons concerned in the Education of Children 6s. 6d. 
per Hundred. 

Exhortation to Family Prayer, with different Forms an- 
nexed 8s. 8d. per Hundred. 

Prayers for theUfe of Infirmaries 43. 4d. per Hundred. 

Friendly Admonition, addrefTed more particularly to Ser- 
vants 2s. 2d. per Hundred. 

Queries to Perfons abfenting themfelves from the Sacra- 
ment is. id. per Hundred. 

View of the Evidences of Chriftianity, by Seed, Paley, and 

Bifhop Watfon is. id. per. IDS. per Dozen - 

3!. 8s. 3d. per Hundred. 

Watfon, Bifhop of Landaff's Apology for the Bible, in 
Anfwer to Paine's Age of Reafon, is. id. per los. 
per Dozen 3!. 8s. 3d. per Hundred. 

Hincks's Anfwer to Paine's Age of Reafon is. id. per 
ics. per Dozen 3!. 8. 3d, per Hundred. 

Erlkine's 



Erfkine's Speech againft the Publisher of Fame's Age of 

Reafon 6h. per 45. 4cl. per Dozen. 
Expoftulations on the Truth of the Chriftian Religion, and 

Obfervance of the Lord's Day 6id. per 45. 4d. per 

Dozen. 

Eflay on Manners and Education 6\ per 43; 4d. per Do- 
zen. 
Bifhop of OfTory's Circular Letter to the Clergy of his Dio- 

cefe Gratis. 

Serious Exhortation to the Public Gratis. 
Hints for advancing Religious Education Gratis. 
Reflections on Female Education, by Biftiop HomeGratis. 
Expoftulations on the Truth of the Chriftian Religion, and 

Obfervance of the Lord's Day Gratis. 
Refolutions for promoting a ftricler Obfervance of the 

Lord's Day Gratis. 
Abftradt of the Laws in force for the due Obfervation of 

the Lord's Day Gratis. 



MORAL AND ENTERTAINING TRACTS. 

Pulli/hed at the Recommendation of the ASSOCIATION. 



Price t d. per, 6s. 

The Two Wealthy Farmers 
i ft Part 

Ditto 2d Part 

Ditto, 3d Part, and a New 
Song on an old Story 

Ditto, 4th Part, and a Poeti- 
cal Tale 

Ditto, 5th Part 

Ditto, 6th Part 

Ditto, yth Part 

Two Shoe-makers, i ft Part 

Ditto, 2dPart 

Ditto, 3d Part 

Ditto, 4th Part 

Dialogue between James Stock 
and William Simpfon 

Shepherd of Saliibury Plain, 
i ft Part 

Price %d. per 3*. 3</. per Hundred. 
The General Refurredion The Carpenter 

The Two Sifters The Apprentice's Monitor 

The Happy Waterman The Horfe Race 

Hufbandry Moralized The Dram Shop. 



6d. per Hundred. 

Ditto, 2d Part 

Pliftory of Tom White the 

Poftilion, i ft Part 
Ditto, zdPart 
Hiftory of Mary Wood the 

Houfe-maid 
The Hiftory of Charles Jones 

the Foot-man 
Beggarly Boy 
Good Mother's Legacy 
Hiftory of John Doyle 
Two Soldiers 
Life of William Baker 
The Gamefter, and the Story 

of fmful Sally 
Path to Riches and Happinefs 



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