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FOUR SERMONS, 

PREACHED IN LONDON, 

AT THE 

Ctocntietb (General averting 

OF 

THE MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

Mayll, 12, 13, 1814, 



Rev. CH. FR. A. STEINKOPFF, M.A. London. 
Rev. THOMAS RAFFLES, Liverpool. 
Rev. D. M'INDOE, M.A. Newcastle-upon-Tvne. 
Rev. WILLUM GURNEY, M.A. London. 



ALSO 

THE REPORT OF THE DIRECTORS, 

AND 

A LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 
PUBLISHED FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE SOCIETY. 



HonDon : 

Printed hif J. Dennett, Leather Lane, Jloliern. 

SOLD BY WILLIAMS AND SON. STATIONERS' COURT, LUDGATB STREET; 

AND J. NISBET, CASTLE STREET, OXFORD STREET. 



1814. 



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LONDON. 



Rev. Joseph Brooksbank 
Charles Buck 
George Burder 
H. F. Burder 
John Campbell 
George Collison 
W. B. CoUyer, D.D. 
George Greig 
Alexander Fletcher 
John Hawksley 
John Humphrys 
Rowland Hill, A.M. 
Thomas Jackson 
Evan John Jones 
John Leifchild 
Thomas Lewis 
William Nicol, D. D. 
W. F. Piatt 
Andrew Reed 
C. F. SteinkopfT, M. A. 
Alex. Waugh, M. A. 
J.W.Werniiick,D.D. 
Matthew Wilks 
Mark Wilks 
Robert Wijiter, D. D. 



Mr. William Alers 
Samuel Allen 
David Cook 
Jesse Curling, jun. 
James Emerson 
George Green 
Joseph Hardcastle 
Joseph Hardcastle, jun 
Thomas Hayter 
Charles Holehouse 
David Kincaid 
Peter Lindeman 
James Muston 
Benjamin Neale 
Thomas Pellatt 
Josiah Roberts 
Joseph Reyner 
Richard Rothwell 
William Shrubsole 
James G. Simpson 
Robert Steven 
Joseph Tarn 
Thomas Walker 
Thomas Wontner 
Samuel Yocknev 



DIRECTORS, 



COUNTRY. 



Rev. Thomas««,Adkins, Southampton 
Charles .»^v^tkinson, Ipswich 
John ^^^v^Arundel, Whitby 
Joseph ^^Berry, Warminster 
David *.«^^^Bogue, Gosport 
James ^^^^Boden, Sheffield 
Samuel **,^Bradley, Manchester 

T.B Bull, Newport Pagnell 

Josephv^^^Cockin, Halifax 
John.^..^^v^Cooke, Maidenhead 
Richard *^«.Cope, Launceston 
Dr. *»^*^***^Cracknell, Weymouth 
Ralph »^«,^Davidson, Newcastle 
Archibald v^Douglas, Reading 
Thomas ^^^Durant, Poole 
William »^.^Eccles, Leeds 
Joseph*^*%v*Fletcher, Blackburn 
John«.^^...^Griffin, Portsea 
Stephen ^^.^Gurteen, Canterbury 
William ^^^Harris, Cambridge 
Richard .^xwHartley, Lutterworth 
Thomas ^^Haweis, M. D. Bath 
John ^^^^^Hillyard, Bedford 
John **^-wx^*^Hunt, Chichester 
John *^*^^v^Jerard, Coventry 
J. M.*.v»^*^,xLongmire, Hargrave 
Samuel.w*%.»»»Lowell, Bristol 
Herbert v^^Mends, Plymouth 
William v»...^Moorhouse, Huddersfield 
Thomas *^^Morell, St. Neots 
Samuel^»^v^Newton, Witham 
James .^^vw^Prankard, Sheerness 
John M.^x^Ray, Sudbury 
Thomas vx-,.Raffles, Liverpool 
John x.w«..^^>Reynolds, Chester 
William »xv»Roby, Manchester 



DIRECTORS. 

V 

Rev. John ^v^-v^^Saltren, Bridport 
John ^v*^»^Savillj Colchester 
Isaac ^»-.^v>.Sloper, Beccles 
Samuel^^^Sleigh, Salisbury 
John ^,*^»,.»,.Styles, Brighton 
Thomas ^.>Towne, Royston 
Isaac *^»^w^Tozer, Taunton 
' Daniel ^^.^^Vryerman, Isle of Wight 
Thomas »%*% Weaver, Shrewsbury 
Martin R.^Whish, M. A. Bristol 

John .>.^ Williams, M. A. Stroud 

Timothy^^xWildbore, Penryn 
Messrs, George ^^.^Bennett, Sheffield 

William ^^v,Biddlecomb, Gosport 
James ^^v^^Bovvden, Hull 
William* — Buck, Bury St, Edmunds 
John *,^ — Clapham, jun. Leeds 
Thomas ^-^^vEastman, Portsea 
Thomas -*x»Hodson, Plymouth 
Jasper ^^x^^IIolmes, Reading 
John -v^w^^^^Job, Liverpool 
John ^,v*»^*Mander, AVolverhampton 
George»*»*.*Rawson, Leeds 
Thomas ^^v^Ring, Reading 
J. O Wills, Bristol 



WALES. 

Rev. David **^»vCharles3 Carmarthen 
David *-.»*^Davies, Swansea 

John ^ »Elias, Llanfechell 

David **vx^ Jones, Holywell 
John *x**xv^ Jones, Pontypool,,, » 
AVilliam v^^^Kcmp, Swansea 
' Dr. ^^»*»»*»Lewis, Wrexl)an| . 
William **»vLewis, Tredustan, Brecon 
David *x»»»>Peterj Carmarthen 
John ,-».xxxv*Roberts, Lanbrimnair 



a 2 





DIRECTORS. 


SCOTLAND. 


Rev. Roberta, 


^^Balfour, D. D. Glasgow * 


John ^^^ 


^^Campbell, D. D. Edinburgh 


David ^.^^^Dickson, jun, Edinburgh 


Thomas * 


vv>Chalmers, Kilmany 


Greville «.^Ewing, Glasgow 


James ^,^^Hay, Kinross 


George^^^Henderson, Lauder 


John 'vv^^'v 


,,^Lockhart, D. D. Glasgow 


John ««,««,«. 


,.^Love, M. A. Anderston 


Angus ^**wM^Intosh, Tain 


John *v.^v»^Philip, Aberdeen 


Dr.^^^. 


»v*Ross, ditto 


John ^^^ 


v^Smart, Stirling 


Adam ^^ 


v,^Thompson, Coldstream 


John ^^^ 


.^Willison, Perth 


Peter 


vv^Young, Jedburgh 


Mr. John »-.^^ 


,.v*Pitcairn, Dundee 


John *^»*» 


-v,^Richardson, Perth 




IRELAND. 


Rev. Kennedy, 


^,^Bailey, Kilmore 


William . 


^,^Cooper, Dublin 


John ^*^-.., 


^,^DavieSj ditto 


B. W. ^, 


.^^Mathias, M. A. ditto 


John ,^v^. 


^,^Quarry, Cork 


John ^wk^^Rogers, Glascar 


Mr. James ^^ 


.^,^Clarke, Dublin 


William , 


^^Clarke, Belfast 


Andrew ^^^M'Creight, Tandaragee 


Robert*,., 


..^White, Dublin 


William , 


^v^Weir, Cookstown 



DIRECTORS. 

FOREIGN DIRECTORS.; 

The President of the Religious Society at Basil 

President of the Missionary Society at Rotterdam 

President of the Missionary Society in East Friesland 

President of the Society de Fide et Christianismo, in 
Sweden 

President of the Missionary Society in Connecticut 

President of the Missionary Society at New York 

President of the Board of Foreign Missions in Massa- 
chusetts 

Rev. Samuel Marsden, M. A. New South Wales 

Robert Ralston, Esq. Philadelphia 

Rev. Dr. Romeyn, New York 

Divie Bethune, Esq. New York 

Rev. Dr. Verster, Rotterdam 

Mr. Bernardus Ledeboer, Rotterdam 

Rev. John Joenicke, Berlin 

Mr. Gilbert Vander Smissen, Altona 

Dr. Clcardo Naudi, IMalta. 

TREASURER, 

Joseph Hardcastle, Esq. Old Swan Stairs. 

SECRETARY, 

Rev. George Burder, Camberwell. 

CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

Rev. S, W. Tracy, Bartlett's Buildings. 

ASSISTANT SECRETARY, 

Mr. David Langton, Hackney. 

COLLECTOR, 

Mr. Thomas Adams, 3S8, Oxford Street. 



I 



MiSSIONAKY STATIONS, 



MISSIONARY STATIONS. 



SOUTH AFRIC^l- 

Bclhihdorp i,.v»»>>^»»,^.s*».^James Read 

Michael Winirntr 
J. G. Messer 
• Andrew Vcrhoogli 

(A Native of Mozambificu, } 

W. F. Corner 

(A N'ath'C of Dcrncrary.) 

TheopoUs ...>..^I. G. UUbricht 

John Bartlett' 
Orange River »»,»v..»»»i.^*^v*William Anderson 

Lambert Jantz 
Kohs Kraal ^^^^^^v^^^-v^^Christopher Sass 

Henry Helm 
Bushusmen Country »^^v^^*Erasmus Smith 
Namaquas *^v^^.^»v>^»^«,,^^Christian Albrecht 

J. H. Schmelen 

J. L. H. Ebner 
ZrirehraJc, near Zicellendam^'T ohn Seidenfaden 
Tulbach Drosdt/^.^^ ^^**Cornelius Kramer 

Ariel Vos 

Ilooge Kraal ^,^*,,^»* Charles Pacalt 

At Cape Town *,.-v ..^George Thom (pro tempore) 



INDIA. 

Vizagapatam ^,^»^^^^^^^John Gordon 

; !• ," Edward Pritcliett 

Assisted by Anandarayer and Narasimloo, 
two converted Bramins. 
Gc: ?yam.v*-.»-.v^^^-.^»-.>-.-»»»-v^William Lee 

Madras ^^ ^^^^^»^^^*^xW. C. Loveless 

Bdhary ^^ ,«^wJohn Hands and J. Taylor 

Magalaudi/ ^^ ^^^ — W. T. Ringeltaube 

Chinsurah ^^ .^.^ ^«v»Robert May 



MISSIONARY STATIONi. 

Ceylon. — CoIumbo^^^^^I. D. Palm 

Matura^^.^^^^1. P. Ehrhardt 
Andamgodd}/ ^^WiWiam Read 
China— Ca«fo» •^v*,,^,^^,, Robert Morrison 

William Milne 
Java ^^^^^^^^.x^^-^^^^Joseph Kan? 

John Christopher Supper 
Gotlob Bruckner 



WEST INDIES, 
Berbice ^»**^»^^*-»^»^^^,-»v,John Wraj 

Richard Eiliol 

John Keniptcn 

Trekwf<z<f,******»*»v*^^**v^^Thomas Adam 



NORTH AMERICA. 

Elizabeth Town, Canada ^William Smart 
Aus-usta Town. Ditto *»,.»»^J ohn Cox 
Quebec (pro tempore) ^^»^ George Spratt 
Prince Edward's Island *»»^Edward Fidgeon 
NewfouTtdland^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^WiUlam Hyde 



OTAHEITE AND EIMEO. 

John Davies, James Hayward, William Henry, William 

Scott, Samuel Tessier, Charles Wilson, 

Henry Nott, and Henry Bicknell. 



SUBSCRIPTIONS 

Received by the 7'reasJirery Secretaries, hy amy of tht 
Directors, and at the following Bankers, ^c. 

Drummond and Co. 49, Charing Cross. 
Hankej, Alers, and Co. 7, Fenchurch Street. 
Hoare and Co. 37, Fleet Street. 
Lefevre and Co. 29, Cornhill. 
Ransom and Co. 5G, Pall Mall. 
Weston and Co. 37, Borougli, Southwark. 
Messrs. Hawkes, Moseley, and Co. 24, Piccadillv. 
Messrs. Procter and Brownlow, 125, Fleet Street. 
Mr. William Clarke, 269, High Street, Borough. 
Mr. James Emerson, 33, Whitechapel Road. 



Many benevolent persons, desirous of promoting the 
welfare of the Missionary Society, have bequeathed various 
sums of money thereto, by their last Wills; but by omit- 
ting to point out the particular Society for which they in- 
tended them, or by a loose and unguarded form of Bequest, 
considerable difficulties have arisen, and the Institution 
has been in danger of losing some of the proposed Legacies. 
To prevent this in future, the Directors of the Missionary 
Society beg leave to recommend the following 

FORM OF A BEQUEST. 

" Item. I do hereby give and beqiaeath unto the 
Treasurer for the time being, of a certain voluntary 
Society, formed in London in the year 1795, entitled 
The Missionary Society, the sum of 

pounds, of lawful money of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, current in Great 
Britain, to be paid within months next after 

my decease, out of such part only of my personal estate 
as shall not consist of chattels real, upon trust to be ap- 
plied towards the carrying on the purposes of the said 
Society : and I do hereby direct and declare. That the 
receipt of the Treasurer for the time being of the said 
Society, for the said Legacy, shall be a sufficient discharge 
to my executors for the same." 



REPORT OF THE DIRECTORS 



TO THE 



•s - . ^^Q T^ '^^ ^-\ \^ ' ' ~ J^ 



JJL A, 






*^VVv"-, i-i « ■ 



Christian Friends, 

1 o those of you who recollect the first meeting of this 
Society, in the memorable month of September 1795, who 
can trace its gradual progress from year to year, and who 
now contemplate the number of Missionaries employed in 
various parts of the world, and the liappy success of their 
labours, together with the flourishing state and extensive use- 
fulness of other institutions which sprung from this, the 
present occasion must atford a high degree of sacred delight, 
approaching perhaps to the felicity of the heavenly world, 
where the conversion of sinners on earth, and the enlaroe- 
ment of the Mediator's kingdom, contribute to the joys of 
the redeemed. 

Which of us, at the first commencement of the Society 
could have ventured to hope that in less than twenty years so 
general a movement of the Christian church would be 
effected ; that so many hundred tliousands of languid pro- 
fessors would have been roused from their supine and torpid 
state ; that with so much union of spirit, so much ardour of 
desire, so niucli energy of exertion, so much liberality and 
benevolence, they would concur in sending the heralds of the 
gospel, and the scriptures of truth, to the remotest nations of 
tlie earth. This hath God done ! His be the glory ! be ourV 
the joy ! 

B 



2 - - ,,, TWENTIETH REPOIIT. 

T]^S^^Di^fec{6i^'^'"tbrGJ^I^^1^t year will now complete their 
du4j^ b;^a^iJ[gX'l*^S^5D^M bri^fi^count of their proceedings 
(^ing- ihiif pfefii)(Sj With the p%eut state of the several 
Missions under your patronage. 



The DirecteirsTfotoirience their Report with a pleasure 
they never before enjoyed — the pleasure of stating that 
after the patient labours of fifteen years, enlivened only by 
some faint rays of hope, those labours were not entirely 
fruitless ; your faithful Missionaries at Otaheite feel them- 
selves rewarded for all tlieir toil by the conversion of King 
Pomarre to the faith of the gospel. They did indeed 
derive some solace from the belief that a few uidividuals, 
feeling in their departing moments the need of that salvation 
which they had too long neglected, cast their dying eyes to 
the cross, and expired in hope of eternal life by Jesus Christ. 
They faithfully persisted for many a long year ; having re- 
ceived of the Lord, and of the Society, this ministry, they 
fainted not ; and after they were driven from the scene of 
their labours by civil war, they readily returned at the invita- 
tion of the king, and with pleasure renewed their work. In 
the course of a few months after their return, their hearts 
were cheered with the pleasing appearance of the effects of 
divine grace on the heart of the king. The Directors first 
received this welcome information by a letter dated October 
21, 1813, which however did not arrive till October 1813. 
On the 18th of July, 1812, Pomarre declared to the Mis- 
sionaries his full conviction of the truth of the gospel, as the 
result of deliberate consideration ; his determination to 
worship Jehovah as the orijy living and true God, and his 
desire to make a public profession of his faith, by being bap- 
tized. The Missionaries greatly rejoiced ; assured him that 
they would not cease to pray for him, but thought it prudent 
to defer his baptism till he should have received further in- 
struction ; and until, by a careful observation of his conduct, 
they should be fully satisfied, as to the reality of his conver- 
sion. In this advice he calmly acquiesced ; but was eaniestly 



TWENTIETH REPORT. S 

desirous of immediately building a coiivenient house for 
divine worship ; this however was deferred for a while, imtil 
the peace of the island should be fully established. 

Subsequent ktteis seem to afford increasing evidence of 
Pomarre's sincerity. The Missionaries state that wlien at a 
distance from them, and amidst very important engagements, 
he regularly observed the Lord's day ;. that he laboured to 
persuade his relations to embrace Christianity ; that he has 
entirely abandoned his idols ; that he entertains very clear and 
consistent views of the principal doctrines of the gospel ; and, 
above all, that he expresses the n^ost deep contrition ou 
account of his former vicious life, and a most humbhng sense 
of his native depravity. We trust therefore we may indulge 
the pleasing hope th;it Poniarre is become a real Christian ; 
and, if so, that his intiuence and example will at least induce 
liis subjects to hear more attentively, and examine more care- 
fully, the great truths proposed to them by our Missionaries. 

One of the brethren, in a letter dated New South Wales, 
in June 1813, says ; " 1 shall only add, respecting him, that 
supposing him to be a i-eul convert, of which there is eveiy 
rational evidence, and tjiere can be no reasonable doubt, he is 
not to say the greatest, (which I think I might venture to say) 
but one of the greatest iniiacles of grace ever exhibited on the 
stage of this world. 'Jo God's holy and glorious name be all 
the praise." • ■■' ■ 

But Pomarre appears not 4o be the only fruit of our 
brethren's labours. " I here are others," say they, " whom .v>e 
trust the Lord is drawing to himself from amorig this people ; 
there is one man in particular of whqni we entertain good 
hopes : we have little doubt that his heart is changed by 
divine grace, but we do not like hastily to baptize any. One 
of our domestics, who departed this life the other day, we 
hope died in a safe state ; he cried for pardoning mercy 
through Christ as long as he was able." Other circumstances, 
they observe, are encouraging ; but they add, " We wish still 
to keep to the maxim we have hitherto (perhaps too rigidly) 
adhered to — to say too little about such things rather than too 
much." 

While the Society rejoices in this pleasing intelligence, 



4 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

they cannot but feel pain in reflecting upon the serious loss 
■which this Mission has sustained by the death of several of 
the pious females. 

Mrs. Henry died July 28, 1812. She was a most valua- 
ble woman, patient and resigned under all privations and 
hardships. Her natural disposition was amiable, her piety 
unaffected, and her love for the poor heathen unfeigned. 
She died, after a tedious illness, worn out in the service of the 
Mission. 

Mrs. Davies was also an excellent woman ; she unex- 
pectedly departed on the 4lh of September, 1812; her infant 
followed her to the grave three weeks after. 

Mrs. Hayward also, after suffering much from a com- 
plication of disorders, departed October 4, 1 8 1 2. She was 
greatly supported in the prospect of death by the precious 
promises of the gospel. 

These valuable women are doubtless gone to receive the 
gratuitous reward of those labours and sufferings Mhich they 
voluntarily encountered, that they might advance the kingdom 
of Christ in the world ; and their memory is blessed. 

The Missionaries had come to a determination, agreeably 
to our directions, to separate and form a Mission on another 
of the Society Islands, and they had fixed upon Reiatea, as 
the largest or most central of the group ; but the melancholy 
losses they had sustained, rendered it necessary to defer the 
execution of their plan, especially as they were about to build 
a vessel of about fifty or sixty tons, as strenuously recom- 
mended to them by bis Excellency Governor Macquarrie and 
the Rev. Mr. Marsden, to bodi of whom the Society is much 
indebted for their kind attention to the Missionaries. 

It is with great satisfaction we learn, that the obstacles 
which appeared to be in the way of establishing a Mission 
in the Island of New Zealand, were likely to be removed ; 
a young Chief of that country, who had resided for two 
years at Port Jackson, having returned to it, and introduced 
agriculture and other arts of civilized life, and who was likely 
to become a true friend to the Missionaries who may hereafter 
go thither. 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 5 

AFRICA. 

During the past year, the communications from Africa 
have been peculiarly interesting. Our dear brother, Mr. 
Campbell, agreeably to the proposed object of his Mission, 
has vibited the various Missionary stations in distant parts of 
South Africa ; has suggested many excellent regulations for 
their improvement ; and has fixed upon several new places, in 
which Missionary settlements may probably be established. 
A minute account of his journies would fill a volume ; and 
such a volume, we trust, he will supply, after his return to 
England, which is shortly expected :* a very slight sketch is 
all that can be admitted into this report. 

After a careful examination of official papers relating to 
the Missionaries, with which he was indulged, and obtaining 
passports from his Excellency the Governor Sir John Crad- 
dock, to the Landrosts of the districts through which he was 
to pass, he left Cape Town on the 31st of February, 1813, 
accompanied by Mr. Hammes (a valuable friend and agent of 
our Society,) his son, Mr. Bartlett a catechist, and several 
Christian Hottentots and others belonging to Bethelsdorp. 
In a fortnight he reached the Drosdy of George, the inhabit- 
ants of which are desirous of having a Missionary settled 
among them. Mr. Campbell promised that Mr. Pacalt should 
be sent to them for a time, to be succeeded by Mr. Wimmer. 

Mr. Campbell reached Bethelsdorp on the 20th of March, 
and was received by Mr. Read and all the Missionary brethren 
with the most cordial affection, and by the Hottentots with 
the liveliest expressions of joy. 

He witnessed a greater degree of civilization than he was 
led to expect, from the reports in circulation, on his arrival in 
South Africa. He found at Bethelsdorp, natives exercising 
the businesses of Smiths, Carpenters, Sawyers, Basket-makers, 
Turners, &.c. He saw cultivated fields extending two miles in 
length, on both sides of a river ; their cattle had increased from 
two hundred and eighteen to two thousand two hundred and 
six, from three hundred to four hundred calves were produced 

* Mr. Campbell arrived in London, May the 7th, and g.ive the So- 
ciety a full account of his mission on the 12th. It was tliought proper, 
however, to give this concise statement of his proceedings, as vvell as of 
the several settlements. 



6 TWENTfcETH REPORT. 

in a year, not more than ^fty of which were in that space of 
time allowed to be slaughtered. Tlie blessed effects of reli- 
gion were displayed in benevolent institutions formed among 
them : they had a fund for the support of the poor and sick, 
which amoimted to two hundred «nd fifty rix-dollars ; t'hey pro- 
posed to build a house for the reception of part of their poor. 
They had also a common fund for the purpose of improving 
the settlement, amounting to one hundred and thirty dollars and 
about thirty head of cattle; and they contributed, during the 
last twelve months, seventy rix-dollars in aid of this Society. 

Such are the precious fruits of the seed sown among theiu 
by Dr.Vander Kemp, Messrs. Read, Ulbricht, Wimmer, and 
other faithful Missionaries ! — Such are the powerful effects of 
divine truth among the most degraded of our species, in their 
civilization, as well as in the more important concerns of 
religion. Thus, we see a Christian church ; cultivated fields 
and gardens ; useful manufactories ; an hospital ; and an Auxi- 
'liary Missionary Society among Hottentots ! ^\ho now vill 
doubt, whether the gospel ought to be preached to uncivilized 
iiations? 

It is peculiarly pleasing to find that the Lord has raised up 
several native preachers from among the converted Hottentots, 
who preach to their countrymen with great acceptance and 
nsefulness. One of these preached at Plettenberg's Bay with 
•great success. 

From Bcthelsdorp Mr. Campbell proceeded through a wild 
country, almost uninhabited, on the borders of Caffreland, in 
order to fix upon two spots eligible for Missionary settle- 
ments, in Zu REV ELD, near the Great Fish River, the Govern- 
ment having kindly promised to give sufficient portions of 
land for that purpose. Two suitable places were accordingly 
fixed upon, where the land being good, a part of the people 
now at Bethelsdorp might settle, and to which some of the 
cattle mi^ht occasionally be sent for the sake of better pas- 
ture. Here it was agreed that Mr. Ulbricht, aided by Mr. 
Bartlett, should assist in forming a settlement. 

Mr. Campbell next travelled in a north-westerly direction 
to Graaf Reinet, where Mr. Kicherer resides, and had the 
pleasure of witnessing the happy effects of his labours ; here 



"nVENTIETH REPORT. 7 

also he met with John, Muryj and Martha^, the Hottentots 
who visited England in the year .1803. 

Here Mr. C connnued about a week, and was favoured 
with an interview wilii a Mi. Burchei, a botanical traveHer in 
South Africa, who had just returne'i from an excursion very 
far north, and who was the tirst European who had penetrated 
to that part of Africa from Graaf iieinet. After leceiving 
from hitM the most valuable directions and caiitior.s, and ac- 
companied by the native \^ho had been his oruide, he com- 
menced his journey to the Orange River, aljout the lOtli of 
May ; Mr. Kicherer and other friends accompanying him a 
week's joumey, as far as the limits of the colony, preaching 
wherever they had opportunity, to the boors and the hea- 
then, some of whom, alas! bad never heard of a God, nor 
had diey a word in their language whereby to denote him. 
He crossed the wild Boschemeu's country until he reached 
the Orange River, and after travelling about one hundred 
miles along its banks to the eastward, he found a ford which 
he safely crossed ; he describes the river as wider than the 
Thames at London Bridge. 

On the next day he reached Klaar Water, the Missionar)' 
settlement which has long been under the care of the Brethren 
Anderson, Kramer, and Janz. Here he remained but a few 
days, and left it, accompanied by Messrs. Anderson, Kok, 
and Hendrick, in order to explore a large and populous city 
which had been described to him. ' 

After travelling ten days in the direction of N. N. E. they 
arrived at the city of Lata k kg o, which contains about 
loOO houses, neatly built, and about 8000 inhabitants. After 
waiting ten days for the King Mateebee, who \\'as absent on a 
jackal-hunt, Mr. Campbell was introduced to hun at sun-set, 
and at the very time of the monthly Missionary prayer-meet- 
ing ; when our friend requested leave to send Missionaries to 
his people, to acquaint them with the religion of Jesus Christ. 
After starling several objections to tlial measure, which Mh 
C. was enabled to answer to his Complete satisfactioh, the^ 
khig gave him this laconic answer — " Send them, and I \H]i 
be a father to diem." This conference was repeated publfcly, 
ut the request of tlie king, on the next dav) in the presertce of 



8 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

his subjects, and the same liberty to send Missionaries openly 
granted. 

Here Mr. Campbell obtained the important information 
that there were twenty tribes of people north of Latakkoo, 
who all speak the same language, and who are reported to be 
still more civihzed. The hope of being able, at a future day, 
to visit these people by able and faithful Missionaries, and to 
ditlnse among them the knowledge of our Saviour, so agitated 
with joy the heart of our zealous brother, that for several suc- 
cessive nights he could scarcely sleep. May the cheering 
prospect ere long be realized ! Our Brother Read had similar 
impressions regarding the immense field that is now opened to 
British Christians. 

From Latakkoo Mr. Campbell travelled eastreard, and in 
five days reached a large Coranna town called Malnpeetze, 
where he understood that no white man had been seen before ; 
to this place also he obtained leave from the chief and ma- 
jority of the inhabitants to send Missionaries. 

Travelling southward from thence, he went in search of 
the Malalaren River, and discovered a krall, situated in a 
most beautiful valley, where Makoon, the chief of all the 
Boschemen in that part of Africa, resided ; he appeared to be 
a man of talents, and though he had never before seen a Eu- 
ropean, he consented to Mr. Campbell's proposal of sending 
Missions there also. 

From thence, Mr. C. travelled along the Malalaren River 
to its junction with the Great Orange River, which he dis- 
covered was composed of four smaller rivers, the Malalaraiy 
the Yellow River, and two others which he named, in compli- 
ment to his respected friends, the Governor and the Secretary 
at the Cape, the Craddock and the Alexander. This geo- 
graphical discovery has since aiforded great pleasure to gen- 
tlemen of science at the Cape. 

Mr. Campbell and his friends then returned to Klaar 
Water, after a circular tour of six weeks ; and Mr. C. con- 
tinued about a fortnight there to arrange the affairs of that 
settlement. 

Our enterprising brother then proceeded on a route en- 
tirely new, directly across the continent of Africa, westward, 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 9 

ptirsuing nearly the course of the Great Orange River, and on 
the 13th of September, reached Little Namaqualand, on the 
western coast, where lie had the pleasure of meeting the T^lis- 
sionary Brethren Albrecht, Schmelen, and Ebner, labouring 
in their usual manner. 

From hence Mr. Campbell dispatched Mr. Schmelen towards 
the mouth of the Great River, distant about ten days journey, 
to ascertain, if possible, whether supplies could be obtained 
by sea from the Cape. Should this be found practicable, it 
will prove of inestimable advantage to all the settlers on the 
banks of that great river, and save the great .labour and heavy 
expense of long journies by land to and fron Cape Town. 

Mr. Schmelen was desired, after exploring the country, 
especially the coast of Great Namaqualand, to penetrate, if pos- 
sible, into the Damara country, to obtain information concern- 
ing its inhabitants, and the regions beyond them, known to 
Europeans only by name. His joiuney, it is hoped, says Mr. 
Campbell, " will open such extensive fields of usefulness as 
will try the faith and liberality of the benevolent public ;" but 
he adds a sentiment in which we are certain that the whole 
Society will heartily concur — " that British Christians only re- 
quire the fields to be fairly laid open before them" — their 
ample contributions will follow of course. 

One circumstance, among the many difficulties and deliver- 
ances which Mr. Campbell experienced, must not be omitted. 
In the midst of that desolate wilderness through which he 
passed, an attack was one night made on his company by a 
party of wild Boschemen, who killed one of the Hottentots, 
and carried off all their oxen, which were more than one hun 
dred. This left the brethren in a situation, the peril and lior- 
ror of which we can scarcely conceive ; for had not their oxen 
been recovered, their total destruction seemed inevitable. In 
their trouble they called upon God, put themselves into the 
best posture of defence they could, and sent a party of Hot- 
tentots in pursuit of the plundoreis ; most happily they over- 
took them — the Boschemen fled, and the cattle were brought 
back before morning. Such a memorable deliverance demands 
4he warmest gratitude of the whole Society. 

After a journey of nine months, replete with dangers, dis- 
c 



16 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

coveries, and mercies, our dear brother returned to the Cape 
in better health than when he set out; for such was then the 
state of his heaUh, that he scarcely expected to return. 

He closes that interesting letter from which this part of 
the report is extracted, with the most earnest request that six 
more Missionaries may immediately be sent to Africa to 
supply the stations proposed. The Directors have not yet 
been able to accomplish this, but have been taking preparatory 
measures for the purpose, and are in hope of soon obtaming 
suitable Missionaries both in Britain and in Holland. 

The Directors need not enlarge on this interesting intelli- 
gence: every member of the Society feels its importance, 
and will doubtless rejoice in the prospect of a wide diffusion 
of the blessings of the gospel, and its concomitant blessings of 
civilized life and social happiness. 

NAMAQUA COUNTRY. 

It will be recollected that about the close of the year 
1810, Mr. and Mrs. Albrecht, (with many of their people) 
being under the most painful apprehensions from the threat- 
ened invasion of Africaner, a notorious phmderer, left the 
settlement at Warm Bath, in the Great Namaqua country, re- 
moving what they could of their pioperty, and hiding the rest 
in the earth ;* after several painful removals Mr. and Mrs. 
Albrecht reached Cape Town, in order to procure the assist- 
ance of the Governor. It will also be recollected that having 
settled their affairs there, they again journeyed northward, 
hoping, if practicable, to resume their labours at the Warm 
Bath. After sustaining extreme hardships and difficulties for 
three months, in the wilderness, they reached Silver Fountain, 
the residence of the friendly Captain Kok. There, it will be 

* In August 1812, some of the brethren visited this spot, attended 
by twelve armed men, they found the place ahnost without inhabitants; 
they examined the place where Messrs. Albrecht and Sydenfaden had 
buried part of their goods, a few of wiiich tiiey found, but the greater 
part had been carried off. The houses and church were burnt down, a 
few walls only were standing. Thus a place vii which the Lord had 
greatly blessed his word was become a heap of ruins, and a babitatiott 
of lions. The country around was almost deserted. 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 11 

remembered, that our most excellent female missionary Mrs. 
Aibrecht, terminated her pilgrimage, and departed to her 
eternal rest, April 13, 18i'2. 

Sometime after this event, Mr. Aibrecht, accompanied by Mr. 
Seinnelen, paid a visit to die Nanuujuas, south of the Orange 
iJiver, and preached the gospel iu various places, in some of 
which deep impressions appeared to have been made. Some of 
their people wished them to i eturu to Warm Bath, but they were 
convinced, that on account of the sterility of the country, they 
would soon be under the necessity of dispersing ; they were 
also under apprehensions of a renewed attack from Africaner; 
they determined, therefore, on residing for the present at least 
at Kamiesberg, as being nearer the colony, and because the 
Orange River would prove a kind of barrier to them from their 
enemies. Here also they would have nearly the same people 
to instruct as had formerly lived at the Bath. The ground 
however is barren and unht for agriculture; but there are 
several springs of water. The number of persons residing at 
this station, were, according to the last accounts, about five 
hundred, besides the Bastard Hottentots at the neighbouring 
krall of Byzondermeid, who amounted to one hundred and 
forty-five, including men, women, and children. Others had 
left the country in consequence of the depredations of 
Africaner. The loss sustained at the Warm Bath, and the 
expense occasioned by the long journies of the Missionaries, 
is very considerable; in which is included a great number of 
sheep and goats, besides eighteen oxen, which could not pro- 
ceed on their journey, and others stolen and slaughtered by 
the Boschemen. 

The present station of the Brethren Aibrecht, Schmelen, 
Helm, and Ebner, is about three days journey from their 
former residence at Warm Bath. When Mr. Campbell 
was at this place, he wrote a conciliatory letter to Afiicaner, 
and sent him some presents, thus returning good for evil, and 
not without hope that the brethren would be permitted to 
return to their former residence, to which the people were 
much attached. 



12 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

KLAAR WATER, 

NEAR THE ORANGE RIVER. 

The Directors regretted in their last Report that they 
had heard nolhing from Mr. Anderson, at the Orange River, 
for a long time : during the past year however they have re- 
ceived several letters from him. 

Mr. Anderson, who had been a very long season at the 
Cape, set off (with his wife and youngest child) on the IQth 
of June 1811. At Tulbagh (formerly called Roodesand) 
they were joined by Mr. Kramer, his wife, and child. , They 
were alarmed, on the road, with repeated reports of enemies 
who were lying in wait to attack them ; they were frequently 
much perplexed, not knowhig what to do; they persisted, 
however, on their journey without any molestation, and, by 
the good providence of God, arrived safely at Klaar Water 
on the 20th of September, late in the evening. On the next 
morning a public meeting was held to offer up thanks to God 
for their preservation on their journey, and for his numerous 
favours bestowed upon Mr. Janz, who had continued at this 
station during the absence of Mr. Anderson. 

Mr. Anderson complains much of the general lukewarm- 
ness of the people ; there had been lately but few awaken- 
ings among them ; but he expresses an earnest desire for a 
gracious revival. About three hundred persons generally at- 
tended the preaching of the word on the Lord's days, and the 
behaviour of the people was, in general, decent and moral. 
In agriculture but slow progress was made, and the corn raised 
was insufficient for the subsistence of the people. Their 
cattle, however, are multiplied. One individual in the settle- 
ment had 400 head of cattle, 1700 sheep, and 300 goats; 
others had 200 head of cattle, and several from 50 to 100, so 
that in the last year, the colony of the Cape had been supplied 
from Klaar Water with about 500 head of cattle; in teturn for 
which they brought back waggons, horses, and other articles. 
This progress in civilization is very cheering to the benevolent 
mind. The number of people in this settlement was, in 
August 1812, about seven hundred or eight hundred, include 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 13 

ing men, women, and children. Four persons had been bap- 
tized and received into communion in the course of tlie year. 

For several years after the Missionaries took up their 
residence among this people, they lived a wanderisig life, con- 
sequently were obliged to follow them from place to place, 
which was extremely inconvenient to the Missionaries, and a 
great obstacle to the civilization and improvement of the peo- 
ple. However, at length, after many entreaties the people 
resolved to take up a settled residence at Klaar Water, and 
two neighbouring out-posts. Since that time they have cul- 
tivated and sown a considerable portion of ground, planted 
several gardens ; some of them have built houses of stone,. and 
now begin to feel themselves at home. 

SILVER FOUNTAIN. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sass, after a most difficult and hazardous 
journey through the wilderness, in which they lost several of 
their oxen, and were without bread for nearly a month, 
reached, at length, the residence of Captain Kok. Their 
gratitude to God, and to him, was greater than they could 
express ; they were tilled with astonishment at the divine 
goodness, so that they wept tears of joy and thankfulness 
through the silent hours of the night. Here the people were 
so desirous of hearing the word, that they entreated him to 
preach to them twice every day, and on the Lord's day thrice. 
They built him a Uttle hut to dwell in, urging him to reside 
among them as their teacher, till they should be able to re- 
move to the neighbourhood of Mr. Anderson, near the 
Orange River, where he might liave two hundred hearers, and 
obtain a garden and ground for vegetables and corn. Mr. 
Sass prqmised to comply with their request, if agreeable to 
the Society at home. This plan was also approved by Mr. 
Albrecht, who arrived soon after, having been helped forward 
in his journey by the oxen sent to meet him by Captain 
Kok. 

Many persons here received the word with joy, and 
several individuals appeared to be really converted to the 
Lord. One person, of some influence, who had been an 
enemy, oow fell wider the power of the word, and rejoiced 



14 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

that her house and garden could afford any refreshment to th* 
Missionaries who instructed them. A farmer and his family, 
A^ho came from a distance, begoed leave to stay at Silver 
Fountain for the purpose of instruction ; several others 
resorted to this place for the privilege of hearing the gospel. 
The number of the people, in the beginning of the last year, 
(including old and young) was about 118. 

Here we must mention, with the deepest concern, that 
Mrs. Sass (formerly Miss Gordon, a sister of Mr. Gordon, 
one of the Missionaries in India) was removed by dead), after 
a very short illness, from her useful employment, as the helper 
of our brother Saas in his evangelical labours. This took 
place at the very time when Mr. Campbell called at Silver 
Fountain, on his long journey. " I think," says he, " she 
was as well suited to the Missionary work, as any female in 
the world.'* We spent two pleasant days together, when she 
was in good health, but on the third she entered the realms of 
endless day, with the serenity of a martyr. ^^ 

Messrs. Read and Wimmer were for a time at the Hooge 
Krall, the Drosdy of George, near Bota's Place, where they 
preached both to free persons and slaves, who heard them with 
great interest, and it is believed with no small prolrl, and most 
earnestly entreated that a Missionary should come and reside 
among them. The brethren much approved of this measure, 
and Mr. Wimmer felt himself strongly inclined to reside among 
them. When the people of this krall were apprised of the 
approach of Mr. Campbell and his friends, they sent mes- 
sengers to meet him, and about lifty of them came several 
miles to welcome him, expressing the greatest anxiety to 
know whether or not they might expect a Missionary, and 
when one was promised by Mr. Campbell they displayed the 
highest degree of satisfaction. " Could ]," says Mr. Camp- 
bell, " have brought the great Missionary assemblies in the 
month of May to this krall, to witness the scene that passed, 
I think they would have thrown in their gold by handfuls to 
aid the Missionary funds." At present, Mr. Pacalt (whose 
ultimate destination is the island of Madagascar) is labouring 
with success among these Hottentots, till an opportunity shall 
occur for his reaching that island, when it is expected Mr. 
Wimmer will succeed him at Hooge Krall. 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 15 

The journal and letters of Mr. Messer, at Brackelsdale, 
contain many pleasing instances of the power of divine grace 
on the hearts of the Hottentots, several of whom were slaves. 
Mr. Messer seems to possess a true Missionary spirit, and 
delights greatly in seizing every opportunity of doing good. 
He sometimes preached at five o'clock in the morning to the 
slaves, who went away from the meeting singing to their 
work. The arrival of Mr. Campbell and Mr. Thom afforded 
great pleasure to Mr. Messer, w"ho was exceedingly refreshed 
in spirit by their visit and prayers. Mr. Messer's engagement 
with Mr. Roos, among whose slaves, and others from the 
neighbourhood, he had been labouring for twelve months, 
having terminated, it was judged necessary for him to remove 
to Bethelsdorp, to supply the place of some Missionaries who 
were on the eve of removing to other stations, where we trust 
his labours will be attended with the blessing of God. 

CAPE. 

From Mr. Thom, at the Cape, many valuable communi- 
cations have been received during the past year. He conti- 
nues to preach three or four times a week to a considerable 
number of persons, chiefly the soldiers of the Q^d regiment, 
(Sutherland Highlanders,) of whom he has frequently from two 
hundred to six hundred hearers. He speaks very highly of 
their moral conduct, their serious piety and their exemplary 
liberality. Among other charitable objects, they have contri- 
buted seven hundred rix-dollars (above one hundred pounds 
sterling) to the Missionary cause. Seventy of these pious 
soldiers have been formed into a Christian church. The tran- 
sient labours of the Brethren Read, Pritchett, Hands, Brain, 
and Thompson, while they were at the Cape, appear to have 
contributed to those pleasing results which Mr. Thom has 
witnessed. But Mr. Thorn's labours are not confmed to the 
ministry of the gospel ; he has been instrumental in the for- 
mation of religious institutions, and in the distribution of the 
scriptures, books, and religious tracts ; he has also under his 
care some young men, intended for the work of the ministry. 

In the month of September last he administered thfr 



l6 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

Lord's Supper to more than one hundred comuiunicauts, 
when about four hundred persons were spectators. 

In the month of January, 1812, Captain Kok, with mor« 
than twenty Hottentots, paid a visit to the Cape, when a 
meeting was held for prayer and conference with them. 
Many questions were proposed by Mr. Thorn, which were 
answered in a manner which proved that the instructions which 
had been given them by the Brethren Anderson, Janz, and 
Kramer, at Klaar Water, had not been in vain. Those who 
have read the account of this conference (published in the 
Evangelical Magazine for July, 1813,) will rejoice to find 
that the minds of Hottentots, enlightened by the Spirit of 
God, are well able to receive the distinguishiag doctrines of 
the gospel, and that their Christian experience is exactly of 
the same kind with that of their polished brethren in Europe. 
It affords also strong encouragement to Missionaries to pro- 
ceed in their labours of love among the heathen. 

Mr. Milne, a Missionary to China, who was present on this 
affecting occasion, says, " If some of you, my aged fathers, who 
have long exercised faith in the promises of .God, and have 
long been praying for their accomplishment, could now see 
Ethiopia literally stretching out her hands to God, I think you 
would be almost ready to fall into the arms of death with the 
song of Simeon in your mouths, ' Lord, now lettest thou thy 
servants depart in peace.'" 



INDIA. 



When this Society last assembled, every member of it 
felt deeply interested in the applications made to the Legisla- 
ture, (from all classes of pious men, and from all parts of our 
country,) for permission to send Missionaries to India. The 
public feeling was never more warmly expressed. Nine hun* 
dred petitions (a number unequalled on any other occasion) 
claimed liberty to preach the gospel to the millions of India. 
The legislature of our country, attentive to the public voice, 
decided in favour of the petitioners, and an Act for tlie purpose 
requested, passed both houses of Parliament, and received thf 
royal assent on the 21st of July, 1813, 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 17 

This Society cannot forget liow much they owe to those 
honourable membersi of both houses of Parliament, who rea- 
dily presented their petitioui?, and supported them by their 
manly and pious eloquence. Their thanks are also due to his 
^lajesly's Ministers, who, in the most polite and obliging man- 
ner, listened to their representations. I'he happy effect of 
this Act has already been experienced, and lib :rty allowed fcr 
Missionaries to proceed to the East. The expenses attend- 
ing this application to Parliament were considerable, but the 
very great importance of the object, will no doubt, fully 
justify, in the opinion of the Society, the contnbuuon made 
for this purpose by the Directors. 

In our Report of the several East India Missions we 
begin with 

VrZAGAPATAM. 

Here the Brethren Gordon and Pritchett continue to 
labour, both in the work of translation and of instruction. 
Having made a good proficiency in the Telinga language, they 
can now declare to the people, in their own tongue, the won- 
derful works of God. They go frequently into the villages 
around them, reading and explaining portions of the word of 
God, to which many pay an attentive regard, pressing close 
that they may more exactly hear what is said. Sometimes 
they have visited the idol temples, and have prevailed on some 
of the Bramins to listen to the Scriptures. On one of 
these occasions, each of die Bramins accepted a copy of one 
of the gospels, and promised to peruse it diligently; "and 
thus," say the Missionaries, *' will the gospel, for the iirst 
time, be conveyed to what may be called the head-quarters 
of superstition here." 

It affords great satisfaction to learn that die converted 
Bramin Anunderayer goes on well, and takes delight in the in- 
struction of his countrymen. Of another Bramin, Narasimoo- 
loo, they entertained good hopes, and intended, when they 
last wrote, soon to bapii/c him. He also is employed in 
reading the Scriptures to Uie natives, in company with t.he 
Missionaries, who explain the passage read : " This is the 
way," say they, " by which the truth must be propagated, 



18 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

and present appearances produce such hopes as repel the force 
of the insiiuiafions of many, that our views are chimerical." 

Their visits to the native scliools sometimes afford a high 
degree of pleasure. When they entered one of these, they 
found a number of children, repeating aloud the first chapter 
of St. Luke's gospel, which they had begun to transcribe 
upon their Palmyra leaves. Thus they perceived copies of 
the word of God quickly multiplied, and that by the hands of 
the heathen themselves. " O that this practice," say they, 
" might be universally adopted :" in this pious wish we must 
all cordially unite, and should the establishment of schools in 
India be rendered, as we hope it will be, more general, this 
method will we trust be diligently observed. 

GANJAM. 

Mr. Lke, who was at Vizagapatam, has removed, with 
the consent of his brethren and at the invitation of some 
friends of religion, to Ganjam, a populous town on the coast. 
Here he is sui rounded, not only by a vast body of the natives, 
but also by a jr.ultitude of Portuguese and country-born 
people. When we last heard from him he was about to open 
a school for children of the latter description, and another for 
the natives, in which he would teach both English and Gen- 
too, and thereby have an opportunity of introducing and ex- 
plaining the doctrines of the gospel. The attendance of 
Europeans and others on public worship is encouraging. 
About one hundred persons attend twice on the Lord's-day 
and hear the word with seriousness, and he hopes with good 
effect. In the morning he reads the church service before the 
sermon. He wishes that more Missionaries may be sent to 
assist him. 

TRAVANCORE. 

Mr. Ringeltaube still resides at Magilady, near 
Oodagherry, in Travancore, and continues his labours at 
several village churches in that neighbourhood. In the sum- 
mer of 1812, he took a journey to the eastward, and at Nega- 
patam was happy to meet with some of the fruits of Mr. 
Voss's ministry at that place. His successor has a flourishing 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 19 

school there. At Tranquebar he had a dangerous iUness, 
from which, ho\\ever, lie was happily restored. In the month 
of October he reached his usual residence, and resumed his 
labours. He visits twice a month his several congregations, 
and every evening addresses as many as are willing to attend. 
In some of these places, the people are irregular in their at- 
tendance, but at Ectamoly and Auticada they attend much 
better ; at the latter place he thinks of enlarging the church. 
Pittalow and Covilvilly appear stationary; but a new congre- 
gation has sprung up at Ananda-nadan-cudi-yirappa, where 
the people have erected a small church ; upon the whole, 
there has been an increase in number ; one hundred and forty- 
six have been baptized since he last wrote. The number of 
church-members is about six hundred and seventy-seven. 
About sixty children are in the schools under his direction. 

The Directors intend, if possible, to strengthen the hands 
of Mr. Ringeltaube, by sending another Missionary to labour 
with him (in addition to the Catechists he already employs), as 
they conceive there are many people in that quarter disposed 
to listen to the truth. 

We are sorry to learn fiom Mr. Ringeltaube's journal that 
many of the Syrian priests in that neighbourhood are inclined 
to the Church of Rome, and more than a fev»^ congregations 
have joined it. 

BELHARY. 

Since our last Report, we have learned that Mr. Hands, 
at Belhary, had been alarmingly ill with the liver complaint ; 
he was, however, mercifully recovered, and after a journey to 
Vizagapatam and to Madras (to which he was advised), re- 
turned to his station and resumed his labours, assisted by Mr. 
Taylor, a native of Madras and one of the fruits of his 
ministry there ; and who, on his recommendation, has been re- 
ceived as a Missionary under the patronage of this Society. 

On his long journey from Belhary to Vizagapatam (more 
than five hundred miles), wherever he halted, he usually en- 
deavoured to publish among those who knew the Canara lan- 
guage, the truth of the gospel, which in general the people 
were so ready to hear, that they crowded the choultrif, from 



20 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

the time he entered till he left it. He passed through some 
hundreds of towns and villages, in some of which he found 
congregations of Roman Catholics, especially in the large 
tovvns near the Coroniandel Coast ; and in some of the vil- 
lages, the greater part of the inhabitants were Christians of 
that communion ; but, alas ! too generally they were scarcely 
to be distinguished from their heathen neighbours. Many 
places he passed through seemed to be eligible stations for 
Missionaries. The paucity of Bramins there, the ruinous 
state of their pagodas and religious houses, and the disregard 
now shewn to their once-famous deities, afford encouragement 
to hope, that the time is not far distant when they shall hear 
and receive the truth of the gospel. 

In the last letter to the Diiectors received from Mr. Hands, 
he states that his charity school was in a flourishing state ; and 
that he had nearly forty boys in his native school. Some ad- 
ditions had been made to the church. He was engaged in 
correcting his translation of the gospel of St. Matthew into 
the Canara language, the second time ; and he hoped soon 
to send to the press both that and the gospel of St. Luke. 

CIHNSURAH. 

Mr. May, who was sent out with a view of aiding the 
Mission at Vizagapatam, especially in the tuition of the chil- 
dren, for which he has a peculiar talent, was enabled, after 
a long detention in America, to proceed to India. He landed 
at Calcutta, Nov. 21, 1812, and by a peculiar concurrence 
of circumstances was led to settle at Chuisurah, where 
he has the pleasing prospect of much usefulness, especially to 
the rising generation. The Directors lament that they have 
received no letter from him of later date than Feb. 4, 1813, 
when he had but just entered upon his labours. In that 
letter he requests an allowance for the purpose of employing 
native schoolmasters: With this proposal they have most 
readily complied, and wish to assure their brethren of this 
Society, that not only at Chiitsicrah, but at Belhary, Vizaga- 
patam, Ganjam, and Travancore, they have mged the Mis- 
sionaries to use their utmost endeavours to promote native 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 21 

schools, promising ample assistance for that important pur- 
pose, and the Directors vvill no doubt keep this object always 
in view, as a principal means, in connection with the preach- 
ing of the word, (but by no means to supersede it,) tor the 
uhimate welfare of the heatlien. 

We are coticerned to state that Mrs. May has also been 
removed by death ; her end was peace, but the loss is severely 
felt by Mr. JVI. 

MADRAS. 

Mr. Loveless informs the Diieciois that the concerns 
of the chapel and of the freti schools are much as usual ; the 
attendance of the people on his ministry was rather more en- 
coui aging than before. He speaks of the visit of Brother 
1 lands with great pleaKuc. His nnnistry at Madras, while he 
staid there for three weeks, v/as remarkably acceptable and 
profitable. Mr. Loveless lias been the histrumentof disposing 
of a considerable number of religious books, which it is 
hoped will be useful to many. 

We are much concerned here to state that the cause of 
Missions has recently sustained a heavy loss by the death of the 
Rev. Dr. Johns of the Danish Missionary Institution at Tran- 
quebar. He had been for forty years a faithful and useful 
Missionary, and had recently exerted his influence for the pur- 
pose of encreasing^ the number of native schools in India, to 
which we referred in our last Report. His pamphlet on 
Indian Civilization, has, we trust, excited an interest among 
British Christians, in behalf of the rising generation of Hin- 
doostan, which will eventually prove of great advantage to 
that populous country. Tliis great object, it will be seen, has 
not been lost sight of by the Directors. 

CEYLON. 

It was stated in the last Report, that through the kindness 
of Sir Alexander Johnston, and other Honourable Members 
of the Government in Ceylon, Mr. Palm, one of our Mission- 
aries, had been appointed minister of the Dutch church at 
Columbo. He had previously been useful in visiting and 
reviving some of the schools; and in his present situation. 



22 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

says that he has better opportunities than ever of being ser- 
viceable to the Missionary cause. He has suffered a severe 
trial by the loss of Mrs. Palm, who was a very excellent 
woman. She had endured much for the two or three last 
years of her life, " but she experienced," says Mr. P. " the 
power of her faith in Him whom she loved, and by love of 
whom she was constrained to leave her dearest relations and 
every earthly comfort, of which she never repented. In all 
our tribulations she has been a pattern of Christian fortitude." 

When Mr. Palm wrote last, he was endeavouring, with the 
members of the Dutch Consistory, to open schools at Co- 
lumbo, for the poorer classes of children, on the plan of 
Dr. Bell. 

Mr. Ehrardt has been employed by Government to visit 
the schools, many of wliich he found in great disorder, and he 
has exerted himself to promote their better management for the 
future. He took every opportunity of preaching, and in- 
structing both adults and children in his various journies. 

Mr. Read, as we learn from a letter dated at Pont de 
Galle, March 16, 1813, was acting as visitor of the schools 
in that district. He gives a deplorable account of the people 
in general, who, while they retain the name of Christians, are 
really idolaters. On a late occasion, when multitudes were 
dying of famine, they could not be dissuaded from wor- 
shipping devils to appease their wrath ; pretending that God 
was too good a being to inflict punishment for sin. Such 
are thousands of the Cingalese Christians, so called! Mr. 
Read resides at Amlamgodde, where he preaches in Dutch or 
English, and occasionally there and at other places to the 
Cingalese, by an interpreter. The Government has promised 
to establish free schools at Galle, Matura, and Jaffnapatnam, 
one or more of which Mr. Read will probably be called to 
undertake. 

Colonel, (now Lord) Molesworth continues to be an 
active promoter of the schools in this island ; he laments the 
removal of Mr. Palm from Tillipally, where he had acquired 
the language, and where the school under his care flourished. 
It is, however, kept up by some persons who remain there. 
Colonel L. Molesworth rejoices in the prospect of the distri- 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 23 

bution of Bibles, both in the Malabar and Cingalese languages, 
now printing at Calcutta ; and in a recent regulation, that a 
school for each military corps in this island shall be estab- 
lished. Some school books, slates, &c. being requested by 
this gentleman, have been sent to his disposal. A thousand 
Common Prayer Books have also been sent at the request of 
the Hon. and Rev. Mr. Twisleton, Government Chaplain at 
Columbo. 

JAVA. 

The Directors, contemplating the condition of the great 
and populous Island of Java, now subject to the British go- 
vernment, felt a strong desire to become the instruments of 
communicating to its inhabitants, the blessings of the gospel, 
especially as there are multitudes of the Chinese resident 
there, to the number, it is said, of 100,000, among whom, it 
is hoped, that the Scriptures trarislated by Mr. Morrison into 
their language, may be freely circulated. To enable them to 
execute their purpose. Providence furnished, in a remarkable 
manner, suitable instruments. Mr. Joseph Kam, a native of 
Holland, Mr. John Christopher Supper, and Mr. Gotlob 
Bruckner, natives of Germany, had received an education as 
Christian Missionaries at Berlin and at Rotterdam, and were 
intended to be sent by the Netherland Missionary Society 
to India ; but obstacles occasioned by the war prevented the 
execution of their design. They came over to England, and 
were gladly received by the Directors of this Society ; and 
after spending some time at Gosport, greatly to their advan- 
tage, it was determined that they should proceed to Batavia, 
for which they were peculiarly qualified, as they vvould be 
able to preach in Dutch (the language there spoken by the 
Europeans), and be usefully employed in preaching to them, 
while preparing to evangelize the native heathen. They were 
ordained at the Dutch Church in London, Nov. 14, 1813, 
by Dr. Werninck, and embarked for Java (by way of the 
Isle of France), Dec. 31. 

While the Directors were employed in preparing this 
Mission, it is very remarkable that two gentlemen of fortune, 
who were on a visit for their health, at the Cape of Good 



24 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

Hope, called on Mr, Thom, our Missionary there, and ex- 
pressed their earnest desire that Missionaries might be sent to 
Batavia. One of these gentlemen (Mr. Faure) oiFered one 
thousand rix-dollars for this purpose, to be paid to the first 
Missionary who should be sent thither; and a bill to that 
amount was sent over to us by Mr. Thom, which will no 
doubt be paid to our Missionaries on their reaching that 
place. Thus the Lord was pleased both to raise up preachers 
for the intended station, and a handsome donation towards the 
great expense which would be incurred. We cannot but take 
encouragement from this remarkable concurrence of favourable 
circumstances. 

MAURITIUS, OR THE ISLE OF FRANCE. 

To this populous island, now under the crown of Britain, 
the Directors judged that a Mission might with great advan- 
tage be sent. To this measure they were much encouraged 
by the information afforded by Mr. Thompson and Mr. Milne, 
who touched there on their way to India and China, especially 
as they found that some persons of influence were well dis- 
posed to encourage such an undertaking. One of the students 
at Gosport, Mr. Le Brun, of Jersey, whose native language 
was French, appeared to be an instrument well adapted lor 
this undertaking; — he was ordained in Jersey, Nov. 25, 1813, 
and sailed for the place of bis destination, in the Isabella, 
Dec. SI. 

The Directors also embraced an opportunity of sending 
by a private individual going to this island, and to the Isle of 
Bourbon, a considerable quantity of books and tracts in the 
French language, in addition to bibles and testaments furnished 
by the kindness of the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

CHINA. 

From Mr. Morrison, our indefatigable Missionary at the 
most important station upon earth, the Directors have received 
letters which inform us that he has finished the great woik of 
translating the whole of the New Testament into the Chinese 
language ; the concluding parts were in the hands of the printer 
when he last wrote, and he hoped to be able to send sonit" 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 25 

copies by tlie next ships. Copies of most of the apostolic epis 
ties have already been received, and the rest are shortly ex- 
pected. The Directors arc filled with gratitude to God, who has 
enabled Mr. Morrison to accomplish so distinguished a service 
for the cause of Christ. 1 hese scriptures he has hitherto been 
permitted to distribute, notwiihstanding the edict wliu h prohi- 
bited sucli a measure; they have already found their way into 
distant parts of the empire. Mr. Morrison has also printed 
and dispersed a catechism, containing the fundamental prin- 
ciples of Christianity, and a tract also on its chief doctrines. 

Mr. Morrison is not permitted to preach publicly, or to 
go into the interior of the country; but he expounds the 
scriptures to his domestics and a few others and prays with 
them. Some individuals appear to have profited by the word, 
to forsake their idols, and desire to be baptized as Christians. 
One of them iias sent letters to the treasurer and Secretary 
of this Society, highly commending the conduct of Mr. Mor- 
rison, and desiring irom us a full account of the Christian 
faith. 

It gives us great pleasure to report that the Chinese Dic- 
tionary and Grammar written by ^Ir. Morrison, is so highly 
esteemed, that the East India Company has sent out a siiitable 
person to print it, at their expense, in three volumes folio. 
Our sincere desire and prayer is, that he may long be spared 
to persevere in his useful services, and that thousands yet im- 
born may have to bless his memory as the instrument of con- 
veying to them from Britain the waters of life. 

A letter has just been received from IVfr. Milne, who ar- 
rived at Macao, July 1813, with Mrs. M. and who was gladly 
received by Mr. JSIorrison, rejoicing in the hope of labouring 
together in the work of the Lord. But by the instigation of 
the Roman Catholic clergy, tlic Portuguese government or- 
dered him to quit the island in ten days. To this severe mea- 
sure Mr. Milne was obliged to submit, and he removed to 
Canton, where, under suitable teachers, he applied himself as- 
siduously to the study of the Chinese language. As European 
females are not permitted to reside at Canton, he was neces- 
sarily separated from Mrs. M. who continued with Mr. and 
Mrs. Morrison, at Macao. Mr. Morrison has since joined 
Mr. Milne for the season, which continues five months, during 



26 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

which period lie will enjoy the valuable assistance of his ex- 
perienced colleague : but when that season shall expire, the 
brethren will be at a loss to determine what method to pursue; 
if permission could not be obtained to reside at Macao, Mr. 
Milne at least would remove to Java or to Malacca, and pro- 
bably Mr. Morrison with him. The Society cannot suffi- 
ciently lament the wretched bigotry which should render this 
removal, with its enormous expense to the Society, unavoid- 
able. 

LASCARS. 
In addition to this statement of our endeavours in India 
and Ceylon, it will be proper to mention the efforts made by 
the Lascar and Chinese Committee of this Society, in behalf of 
some of the natives of Asia while resident in London. 

When these labours were commenced, many difficulties in 
attaining the proposed object were presented; in addition to 
which, they have discovered that the oppressions under which 
these poor strangers have groaned, were none of the least. 
Nevertheless, many of them have gladly listened to the word 
of God; some have attentively perused the scriptures of 
truth, and have endeavoured to explain them to their country- 
men. The young men who have studied the Bengalee lan- 
guage, have performed public worship among them, reading 
the scripture, praying, singing, and reading a sermon to them ; 
after which the J ^ascars declared that they understood every 
word. One of their number, who teaches the students, has more 
than once read the scriptures in Bengalee to his countrymen. 

The Committee cherish the hope that eventually some im- 
portant advantages will be obtained by their teaching such of 
the Lascars as desire it, the English language, and also 
from several of the natives learning to read their own language. 
By these means, a number of persons are collected, and the 
scriptures may be read and explained to them. 

One of the students has applied himself to the attainment 
of the Chinese language, under the tuition of a learned native 
of China ; his application and success has obtained the appro- 
bation of a very competent judge.* 

* The Committee wish to engage a pious young man, or more than 
one, who may be wiUing gratuitously to employ a portion of his time for 
the above purposes. 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 27 

MALTA. 

It has pleased God, in the course of the last year, to re- 
move by death Mr. Blomfield, our truly pious and promising 
Missionary at Malta. He had made considerable progress in 
the attainment of the modern Greek language, and was earnestly 
desirous of proceeding to Zante, and other Greek islands, in 
order to promote the knowledge of the gospel; but a pulmonary 
complaint, some symptoms of which appeared before he left 
England, but from which it was hoped he would fully recover, 
gained ground upon him, and put a period to his valuable life 
on the 6th of July, 1813. Every kind attention was shewn to 
him by Christian friends, and especially by Geo. Yeoland, 
Esq. an active and zealous promoter of religion there. Mr. 
Blorafield had been happily preserved from the plague, which 
then prevailed at Valetta, and had retired to an adjacent vil- 
lage, where he expired, but with great tranquillity and truly 
Christian composure, exclaiming with his last breath, " None 
but Christ ! Precious Jesus !" 

Mr. Blomfield's ministry among the English who attended 
him, was acceptable and profitable ; they are very desirous of 
having another minister, and the Directors also wish to gratify 
them, if they can find a suitable person. They wish also to 
send out as soon as possible another Missionary for the Greek 
Islands, and would be glad to hear of a pious young man of 
good classical attainments ready at once to undertake this 
work. 



NORTH AMERICA. 



QUEBEC. 

Mr. S PRATT, whose original destination was India, but 
whose health would not permit him to proceed thither, con- 
tinues to labour at Quebec (during the absence of the mi- 
nister) ; he is well attended, his auditory listen with great se- 
riousness to the word, and he is encouraged to believe that his 
labours are useful. An Auxiliary Bible Society has been 
formed at Quebec, chiefly by his congregation ; the military 



28 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

hospitals and the jail are furnished with the scriptures, both 
ill Enghsh and in French, and the people are preparing to 
erect a new and larger place of worship. 

ELlZxYBETH TOWN. 

Mr, S.mart is dihgent and useful at Elizabeth Town, and 
labours also at several other places from Gananoque to Ma- 
tilda. VVlien the people aie not hindered by military duties, 
his audience is frequently large, attentive, and apparently im- 
pressed by the word of truth. His endeavours are in some 
measure limited, in consequence of the hostile state of the 
country ; but, to use his own words, he " anticipates a time 
when the miofhty waters of St. Lawrence, now employed in 
forwarding the hostile operations of contending arniies, shall 
be made to convey the gospel of ('hrist to the far distant 
tribes of liiii^ns, and the nu'oprous settkrs on its banks. 

AUCV-TA. 

Mr. Cox continues his labours at Augusta, and at other 
places occasionally ; but the engagements and miseries pro- 
duce^i by war have cramped his exertions. A few attend his 
ministry, but as yet he receives b!»t little encouragement ; he 
is, however, willing to give a full trial to the station which he 
occupies. 

NEWFOUNDLAND. 

Mr. Hyde, who was sent out under the patronage of this 
Society, to labour in Newfoundland, appears to have been 
useful at St. John's; he has also visited some other parts of 
the island, and at one place establi.shed a Sunday-school. 
Through his instrumentality, an Auxiliary Society has been 
formed in aid of this Institution, and nearly c£40. the produce 
of a single quarter's subscriptions, have been received ; — other 
useful societies were also contemplated. We cannot but re- 
joice that in distant parts of the earth to which our Mission- 
aries are sent, the spirit of benevolence is soon rendered ma- 
nifest. He speaks with great concern of the deplorable state 
of the island in general, and the great need of additional la- 
bourers. We earnestly hope that other iaithful ministers will 
be sent out to this destitute and neglected part of the world. 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 29 



WEST INDIES. 

TOBAGO. 

The accounts from Mr. Elliot at Tobago, are by no 
means encouragiiig : he -jppears almost to despair of success, 
and was therefore induced to remove, for the present, to an- 
other station, al that iin\e destitute of a preacher. We should, 
huwever, ne sorry to abandon Tobago altogether, but hope to 
furnish the people with another ministei, should they be able 
and willing to defray a part of the heavy expense attending 
the support of this Mission. 

TRINADAD. 

Several letters in the course of the past year have been 
rec'ived from Mr. Adam, who resides at Port of Spain, 
where he regularly preaches in the new chapel to a considerable 
nunibei of persons of various colours, to several of whom he 
has the satisfaction of believing that the gospel has been made 
the power of God to salvation ; their growth in knowledge 
and pie y afford him much pleasure, and great encouragement 
in his work. He takes pains also in catechising the negroes 
and their children, some of whom make rapid progress. 

Mr. Adam occasionally visits some estates on the coast, 
where he meets with great encouragement, and lately determined 
on spending one Sabbath in every month with them. He 
wishes for the assistance of another Missionary. He informs 
the Directors that he had disposed of all the Spanish bibles 
which were sent him — ihat many of the Spaniards received 
them with pleasure; one man, he particularly mentions, re- 
ceived so much f'elight in reading a portion of it at night, that 
he came next day to purchase one, bringhig with him a dollar 
(which was more than the price which had been announced), 
and received it in an ecstasy of joy, saying, " This is what I 
have long desired, but could never obtain before." 

Bibles, testaments, spelling-books, tracts, and other articles 
which were much wanted, have been forwarded to him, ac- 
cording to his earnest request. 



.iO TWENTIETH REPORT. 

DEMERARA AND BERBICE. 

Mr. Wray, with the consent of the Directors, has re- 
moved to the neighbouring colony of Berbice, where he la- 
bours assiduously, in the same manner that he did at Le Re 
souvenir. Here, of course, he had every thing to begin, and 
various obstacles to combat ; but he has the pleasure of 
seeing his labours progressively useful. Both adults and chil- 
dren learn to read, and to repeat the catechism ; some of the 
former come for instruction at their breakfast and dinner 
times. He has procured from the Governor the favour of 
permitting government slaves to have one day in a fortnight 
for the purpose of cultivating their own ground, that they may 
not employ the Sabbath in that work, as the slaves generally 
do ; and he anticipates the time when drivers and whips shall 
be unnecessary, and when the negroes will be made happy. 

LE RESOUVENIR. 

The affectionate regard which the poor negroes at Le 
Resouvenir pay to the instructions of Mr. Wray, was evinced 
by the most poignant grief on the occasion of his departure ; 
they wept aloud, and his voice was drowned by their sobs and 
cries. When the women took leave of Mrs. Wray, who had 
endeared herself to them by the assiduity of her services, they 
literally hung about her neck, and wept sore. And when Mr. 
Wray afterwards visited them, so deeply were the people af- 
fected, that he could scarcely proceed in speaking, on account 
of his own feelings and theirs. 

The Directors sent out, as soon as they were able, Mr. 
Kempton, another Missionary from Gosport, to instruct 
them ; it is intended that he shall supply that station for the 
present, and then proceed to Berbice to assist Mr. Wray. In 
the mean time, Mr. Elliot from Tobago, having paid a visit to 
Demerara, and preached to Mr. Wray's former congregation, 
was so deeply affected by their earnest desires for his remain- 
ing with them, that he was constrained to promise he would 
soon return from Tobago, and labour among them, until the 
mind of the Directors on the subject of his removal should be 
known. 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 31 

GEORGE TOWN. 

A VAST number of negroes repair to George Town, to 
hear Mr. Davies, some from the distance of many miles : 
the chapel is crowded, and many listen at the doors and win- 
dows — more than a thousand attend on the Sunday morning. 
Hundreds of them apply, Sabl>ath after Sabbath, to obtain 
catechisms ; and those who have learned the catechism them- 
selves, are diligent ia teacliiug it to others. When they meet 
a person who can read, tliey will say, " Massa, I beg you to 
teach me a little." Mr. Davies says, " Not fewer than five 
thousand negroes learn the catechism, and attend in rotation." 
As a pleasing proof that these people prize the gospel, they 
have established among themselves an Auxiliary Missionary 
Society, composed of people of colour and of slaves, whose 
names appear in our last year's list of contributors, and whose 
subscriptions amounted to ^189. 



The friends of the Society have doubtless perused, with 
the most painful emotions, the representations which have 
been made in behalf of the Missions of the United (or Mora- 
vian) Brethren at Sarepta, Moscow, and other places, and the 
great arrear of debt which had accrued, in consequence of the 
impoverished state of Germany ; and the Directors are confi- 
dent that they will approve of the donation made to them of 
-£"200, to alleviate the general distress, and to assist in the sup- 
port of the missions undertaken by that Christian Society, 
whose pious example has contributed so much to fan the 
flame of missionary zeal throughout the Christian world. 

SEMINARY. 

The Society will partake in the pleasure which the Di- 
rectors feel in reporting the flourishing state of the Missionary 
Seminary at Gosport. The great cause is not hkely to fail for 
lack of suitable instruments. Tlie last year has produced a 
great number of candidates for the honour and labour of car- 
rying the gospel to the heathen ; the public meetings held at 
Liverpool, Leeds, and other places, have excited this noble 
spirit in several pious young men. There are now in the Se- 



32 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

miliary fifteen students, of wiiom the worthy tutor, the Rev. 
IVlr. Bogue, reports very favourably. The greater part of the 
number have been admitted since the last anniversary, and 
have not vet had sufficient time to make much progress in 
their studies, but their application and their disposition pro- 
mise very favourably, 

A few of the students have nearly completed the time 
usually allowed : two of these are intended for those very im- 
portant stations, Malacca and Sural ; another is applying to 
the attainment of the Italian language, as there is reason to 
hope that an opportunity will be afforded even in Italy for the 
preaching of the gospel. 

FRENCH PRISONERS. 

For nearly two years past, those of the students at Gos- 
port who could speak French, have every Lord's-day visited 
the prisoners from France, either in the prisons of Forton and 
Porchester, or in the several prison-ships (fourteen in number) 
in the vicinity of Portsmouth, but chiefly in the latter : among 
these men they have preached the gospel faithfully and affec- 
tionately, and have distributed bibles and testaments kiiidly 
provided by the British and Foreign Bible Society ; togedier 
with Doddridge's Rise and Progress, Mr. Bogue's Essay on 
the New Testament, French hymns, and tracts furnished by 
this Society, composed of both which little libraries have been 
formed, which have supplied a multitude of the prisoners both 
with entertainment and instruction. In one of the ships parti- 
cularly, which contains about seven hundred men, a peculiar 
degree of serious attention was paid, several of whom re- 
quested that the Lord's Supper niight be administered to them : 
to some of these, after a strict examination, the ordinance was 
administered by Mr. Perrot of Jersey, accompanied by Mr. 
Bogue and the French students. Several English ladies and 
officers of the ship, with many of the well-disposed prisoners, 
were spectators. The scriptural simplicily wii,h which the 
service was conducted, presented to their minds a striking 
contrast to the artificial pomp of the Roman Catholic ceremo- 
nies ; and the consideration that citizens of two nations then 
at war with each other, sitting together as brothers at the table 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 33 

of the Prince of Peace, kindled in every breast a flame of holy 
joy. At Porchester, a building occupied by the prisoners as 
a theatre, which will hold about hve hundred persons, has 
served the purpose of a chapel ; and here the word of God 
has been preached to a niuithude of very altenrive hearers. 
There is great reason to believe that many of the prisoners 
have been, in the gospel sense of the phrase, made frte, and 
have experienced a divine change by the power of the Holy 
Spirit accompanying the word of truth. Two or three have 
expressed a desire lo become Missionaries ; their applications 
are under careful consideration. 

Two of our brethren, Mr, Cope of Launceston, and Mr. 
Cobbm of Crediton, have paid ie}>eated vi.^its to the prison at 
Dartmoor, and have preached in French to a great number of 
the Flench prisoners, and in English to the Ameiican pri- 
soners ; many, especially of the latter, attended to the word 
with great seriousness and affection, and there is good reason 
to believe that the seed of the gospel sown among both, will 
be productive of happy fruits. 

Among these and other prisoners, measures have been 
taken to furnish them with bibles and testaments by the li- 
berality of the Bible Society, and with useful books and tracts 
from this Society; for the latter purpose (the purchase of 
tracts in French and other languages) £50. in addition to what 
had been previously given, was voted on Monday last; which 
they may take home with them to France and other countries, 
and so disseminate, to a wide extent, the blessed word of God, 
which we are coniident will not return unto him void, but ac- 
complish that unto which he has appointed it. 



Before we conclude this Report, we are constrained to 
acknowledge, with hearti'eit gratitude, the increasing liberality 
of our Christian friends. The Directors have frequently ex- 
pressed, in former years, then- firm persuasion that, whatever 
might be the exigencies of the institution, the generosity of 
the public uould readily meet them : and their expectations 
have not been disappointed. When the expenditure of the 
Society had exceeded its annual income, our friends stepped 



F 



34 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

forward immediately to supply the deficiency ; and when the 
Directors intimated their intention to extend their efforts, the 
brethren hastened to convince them that their most strenuous 
exertions should be supported. Thus encouraged, the Direc- 
tors have lately commenced new Missions to Java and the 
Isle of France, and have several more in contemplation to 
Surat, Malacca, and other parts of the east, besides making a 
large addition to the number of Missionaries in South Africa, 
for the stations recommended by Mr. Campbell. They have 
also admitted into the Seminary a greater number of students 
than at any former period, and are ready to receive still more, 
assured that the providence of God will yet present to their 
view many more suitable places in which the gospel of his 
Son may be promulgated. 

Among the generous donations lately made to this Society, 
the gift of £500, by a lady, who modestly withholds her name, 
deserves the most honourable mention. The receipt also 
of ^30 from a few Christian friends in Bermuda, demands 
a grateful acknowledgment. We have also to acknow- 
ledge the receipt of books for the use of the different 
Missionary stations, and take this opportunity of inviting 
further donations of the same kind, as it appears from 
the letters of our Missionaries that there is an ardent desire 
at their several stations to peruse valuable books of di- 
vinity. 

To the Auxiliary Societies, both in town and country, the 
thanks of this meeting are especially due. The addition 
made to their number, and to their efficiency, during the past 
year, has been very great ; we cannot specify them, but those 
of Bristol and of the West Riding of Yorkshire have been emi- 
nently productive ; nor have those of several smaller districts, 
towns, and particular congregations been less meritorious. 
It is impossible to express the delight M'ith which those of the 
Directors who visited Bristol, Plymouth, Liverpool, Leeds, 
Newcastle, and Hull witnessed the Christian affection and 
zeal manifested by the friends and supporters of the Society 
in those places, and to whom the most grateful tribute of 
thanks is cheerfully paid. The female friends in the metropolis, 
Tottenham Court Chapel, at the Tabernacle, at Hoxton, at 



TWENTIETH REPORT. 35 

Surry Chapel, (and at other places, equal in zeal though not 
in numbers) have done worthily, and have shewn the world 
what great and good effects may be expected from the 
exertions and influence of pious females. 

In the autumn of the last year, the Rev. Dr. Jack, of 
Manchester, and the Rev. Mr, Tracy paid a visit to Ireland, 
where the cordiality with which they were received by ministers 
of every church, Episcopalian, Presbyterian, and Independent, 
was highly gratifying. The auxiliaries which have been formed 
in the four northern counties, and in Cork in the south, 
which have already contributed to the funds of this 
Society, are proofs of the lively interest which the Chris- 
tians in that province of the United £n)pire feel in the great 
cause of missions to the heathen, and pledges of what may 
be further expected from our fellow Christians in Ireland. 

Nor can the Directors pass over in silence the praise- 
worthy efforts of their youthful friends in Bristol and Hull, 
as well as in London and other places ; with joy they receive 
these tokens of their love to Jesus and to their fellow-creatures. 
Their sacrifices of juvenile gratifications, made for this pur- 
pose, will, we doubt not, be acceptable to Him, who, when 
on earth, treated with so much kindness the rising generation. 
Who does not hail, in these pleasing buds of Christian phi- 
lanthropy, the future and precious fruits of that beneficence 
which shall hereafter contribute largely to the happiness of 
the whole world ? 

We congratulate our Christian brethren on those most 
wonderful and merciful events which have recently taken 
place on the Continent. In the termination of those calami- 
tous hostilities which have desolated a great part of Europe, 
and in the prospect of general peace, we rejoice with all the 
friends of humanity; and as Christians, associated for the 
purpose of publishing to all nations the gospel of peace, we 
feel peculiar cause of exultation ; for we trust that many im- 
pediments to the free course of the gospel will be now 
removed, and that to whatever port the mercantile vessels of 
Britain may sail, the glorious gospel of the blessed God will 
also be transmitted. The efforts of this Society on the Conti- 
nent, which have been for many years unavoidabl)' suspended. 



36 TWENTIETH REPORT. 

will, we hope, be soon renewed, and on a far more extensive 
scale. Already have the Directors resumed their intercourse 
with their worthy coadjutors in Holland, who ardently desire 
to promote the Missions in Africa and Batavia. From our 
old friends also at Basle, in Switzerland, we have lately 
received pecuniary aid. Our German and other brethren, 
will, we are persuaded, soon manifest their zeal to support 
and extend the efforts of Christian missionaries. 

We conclude with entreating the fervent prayers of all our 
numerous fiiends throughout the British Empire, for the 
blessing of God upon our Society, and upon all similar insti- 
tutions. The increase of a spn-it of prayer among us will be 
(of all others) the most encouraging token for good. The 
number of monthly prayer-meetings in the metropolis for the 
spread of the gospel is already increased at the instance of 
our friends; and we trust the same spirit is manifested 
throughout Britain. He who has himself directed us to 
" give lum no rest day nor night, till he make Jerusalem a 
praise ni all the earth," will assuredly hear the voice of our 
supplications ; " then shall die earth yield her increase ; and 
God, even our own God, shall bless us. God shall bless us; 
and all the ends of the earth shall fear him." 



POSTSCRIPT. 

Since the preceding Report was read, letters have been 
received from India, from which the following brief accounts 
are extracted, 

CAN JAM . 

Mr. Lee, in a letter dated Ganjam, August 2, 1813, 
says, that his regular English congregation is from one hun- 
dred and ten to one hundred and twenty, and that they hear 
the word with remarkable attention. Immediately after the 
service on Lord's-day evenings, he reads a portion of the 



POSTSCRIPT. 37 

scriptures to the natives mHo are present, and explains it to 
them in the Gentoo language. He was then erecting a place 
of worship, fifty feet by thirty-eight, in doing which he is as- 
sisted by the Government. His monthly Missionary prayer 
meeiings are attended by forty or fifty persons. He has 
translated Dr. Watts's First Catechism, and other useful 
books for children. He is also proceeding in his translation 
of the Book of Genesis into the I'elinga. 

Ganjam is described as very populous; both the Telinga 
and Odea languages are spoken; and as ihe situation affords 
great facilities for the wide diffusion of gospel light. He 
earnestly wishes for the assistance of another Missionary. 

BELHARY. 

Mr. Hands, in a letter dated October 29, 1813, informs 
the Directors that he continues in a weak and languid state of 
body, in consequence of a very severe attack of the liver 
complaint, so that he has not been able to proceed so rapidly 
as he wished ni the translation of the scriptures ; but as he was 
gradually gaining strength, he hoped to be soon enabled to go 
on with more vigour. 

His schools, in which he is much assisted by Mr. Taylor, 
continue to tiourish. Mr. Taylor is also studying Theology 
and the Canara language. Some copies of the New Testa- 
ment m the relinga tongue, which Mr. Hands brought with 
him from Vizagapa am, have been distributed among the 
Gentoos at Bt Ihary, and several have been sent into the sur- 
rounding districts by stran^^ers \\\\o have called to visit him. 
He has also a class in the native school, who read the Telinga 
gospels. 

The zeal of the country-born people who attend upon his 
ministry has afforded him much pleasure ; they have raised 
upwards of five hundred rupees in aid of the Auxiliary Bible 
Society at Calcutta. He had the pleasure also of sending to 
the same Society one hundred and thirty-three rupees, received 
for Bibles sold to the soldiers and others. He speaks with 
great delight of the piety of some of the military. 1 here has 
been a great mortality among the 36th regiment, who were in 
camp ; many are also sick at Belhaiy, for whose instruction 



38 POSTSCRIPT. 

and consolation Mr. Hands and Mr. Taylor labour assiduously. 
He mentions the death of one man, whose end was remarka- 
bly triumphant, and excited much attention among both the 
officers and privates of the regiment — all said that he was a true 
Christian, and one expressed an earnest desire that his latter end 
might be like his. 

, A large parcel of excellent books, which were sent out 
for Mr. Hands and others who wished to possess them, 
together with apparel for Mr. H. have unhappily been lost 
in a vessel which was conveying them from Calcutta to 
Madras. The disappointment is severely felt. The country 
had suffered severely by drought; but Mr. Hands and his 
family were greatly assisted by the kindness of ladies and gen- 
tlemen in the neighbourhood, without whose friendly aid they 
could scarcely have obtained the necessaries of life. He ex- 
presses also much thankfulness, that the Government has 
favoured him with a grant of the ground occupied by the 
Mission Garden, which contains about eight acres, and is to 
be held free from rent, as long as it is appropriated to the 
use of the Charity School. 

CHINS UR4lf, 

Mr. May, in a letter to the Directors, dated November 
26, 1813, mentions the death of Mrs. May on the 17th of 
September. Her last moments were peaceful and happy. 
On the following Sabbath the solemn event was improved by 
two funeral discourses ; one in the morning by Mr. Forsyth, 
and another in the evening by Mr. Lawson, one of the Baptist 
Missionaries, who kindly came to visit him on the mournful 
occasion. 

Mr. May superintends the Free School at Chinsurah, in 
which he has introduced some beneficial improvements ; he 
intended to commence a native school in the month of 
January, on the British plan. Speaking of schools, he says, 
" Jt is among the rising generation chiefly, that I look 
for success, by teaching them to read the scriptures, and 
laying before them the grand principles of our holy religion, 
we may remove their prejudices without shocking them." 
He is looking out for native teachers, as recommended by the 



POSTSCRIPT. 39 

late Dr. Jobn^ and wishes to pursue the plan of a good lady 
up the country, who employs two or three native teachers, 
giving each of them four rupees a month, and two annas 
for every regular scholar ; this renders them diligent in pro- 
curing and retaining the chiklren. 

Mr. May has received some encouragement from the 
children under his care, several of whom not only attend his 
ministry, but are much impressed by the word, repeat the 
catechism, prayers, and hymns, and receive a short lecture 
weekly on sacred history. He much wishes for more as- 
sistance, and particularly desires that any who may come out 
may be well acquainted with the improved method of teaching. 
He regrets that he had not made himself master of it before 
he left England. 

He had heard from Vizagapatam, about a fortnight be- 
fore he wrote, that Mr. Gordon was then recovering from a 
severe attack of the liver disorder, which had confined him to 
his room for three weeks. The number of children then in 
the school was about seventy. 

MADRAS. 

A VERY pleasing letter from Mr. Loveless, dated August 
iJ3, 1813, has just been received, containing many pious 
reflections on the instances of mortality among the Mis- 
sionaries ; expressing also his earnest hope that the Legislature 
of this country would afford that liberty for sending Mis- 
sionaries, which we now rejoice has been granted. He 
mentions that the American brethren Hall and Nott were 
at Bombay, where they were permitted to remain ; and it 
was expected that they would proceed to Surat. He re- 
commends strengthening the Mission at Belhary, especially 
on account of the state of Mr. Hauds's health. 

Mr. Loveless was attended at the chapel as usual, and 
was greatly encouraged by the generous exertions made by 
the friends of religion at Madras to liquidate the debt of 
his chapel. One liberal gentleman, who would not suffer 
his name to appear, has contributed seven hundred pagodas 
for that purpose. He longs for additional help in ihat great 
and populous city. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

TWENTIETH GENERAL MEETING. 



On Thursday morning, the General Meeting for the transaction 
of the general business of the Society, was held at Surry Chapel, 
(Silver Street Chapel being thought too small for the purpose.) 
The Rev. Dr. Roraeyn, of New York, commenced by prayer. 
The original plau of the Society was read. The preceding Re- 
port of the Directors for the past year was then read. Some 
of the Lascars who had been under the tuition of the Society, were 
introduced; a portion of the scriptures was read, and some 
verses of a hymn sung in their tongue. 

The Rev. J. Campbell, who had been absent nearly two years on 
a Mission to the different stations in South Africa, gave an inte- 
resting account of his journey, the particulars of which will here- 
after be published. The acceptance of the Report, the thanks of 
the Society to Mr. Campbell for his eminent services, to the 
Treasurer, to the Secretary, to the Directors, to the Ministers 
and Auxiliary Societies, by whose exertions the funds of the 
Institution had been so materially improved, were moved and 
seconded in able and impressive speeches, and carried with the 
utmost unanimity. 

The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was administered on 
Friday evening to the members and friends of the Society, both 
at Sion Chapel and Orange Street Chapel, to a great number of 
communicants. 

The places of worship were crowded to excess, and many per- 
sons who wished to be present were disappointed. In a word, 
this Anniversary furnished the highest satisfaction to all present, 
and afforded the strongest hope that the great work of evangelizing 
the heathen will be carried on with increasing vigour and success. 



The Field of Missionary Labours. 
A SERMON 

PREACHED BEFORE 

THE MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

AT 

SURRY CHAPEL, 
On Wednesday Morning, May 11, 1814, 

BY THE 

REV. CH. FR. A. STEINKOPFF, M. A. 

Minister of the German Lutheran Churdi, Savoy, London; a7id 
Foreign Secretary of the British and Foreign Bible Society. 



Here I stand in the presence of my God and this congre- 
gation, anxious conscientiously to perform the sacred task 
assigned me ; at the same time deeply sensible of my insuffi- 
ciency to execute it in any degree proportionate to its vast im- 
portance. Indeed, I long hesitated, before I could reconcile 
my mind to accept the invitation given, me by the Directors 
of that Society, on behalf of which I appear before you. 
But laying the subject in humble prayer before God, I felt no 
liberty to refuse; for Hh I am, and Him I wish to serve. 
When He calls, / must not shrink back, but cheerfully obey, 
humbly trusting in the fulfilment of his promise : *' My grace 
is sufficient for thee; for my strength is made perfect in 
weakness." To plead the cause of the heathen, is to plead 
the cause of God, who gave this solemn promise to his 
anointed : " Ask of me, and I will give thee the heathen for 
thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for tJiy 
possession." British Christians have pleaded this cause, and 
foreigners must not remain silent. A large field requires 



42 THE FIELD OF 

many hands to cultivate it, a great building various artificers 
for its completion. Allow me, therefore, to present my mite 
of service. I feel much indebted to the Missionary Society, 
the reports of whose operations reached me, when in Switzer- 
land; and the flame of Missionary zeal was then kindled in my 
breast. Oh that it had always burnt with equal fervour! 
Since it has pleased God to conduct me to Britain, I have 
often been delighted with the sacred festivities of these and si- 
milar meetings. To my British fellow-christians I owe a debt 
of gratitude, not only on the score of personal obligations, but 
also for the kindness shewn to my countrymen who labour 
as Missionaries, and for the temporal and spiritual blessings 
conferred upon my native land. It is utterly out of mif 
power to repay this debt; but I pray God to be your shield and 
your exceeding great reward, and may he enable me, this 
morning, in some measure to refresh your spirit, as you have 
often refreshed mine. 



The words of my text you will find written in the 13th 
chapter of the gospel of St. Matthew, the first part of the 
38th verse : 

" The Jield is the zcorld." 

These words point out " The jield of Missionary labours" 
Allow me therefore to direct your attention, 
I. To its extent. 
II. To its need of cultivation. 

III. To the means necessary for its improvement. 

IV. To the difficulties \^hich this undertaking presents, 

as well as to its final success. 

1. The field of Missionary labours is the world : this 
lower world with all its conthients and islands, with the mil- 
lions of inhabitants which it contains; this terrestrial globe 
which God has created and so beautifully adorned for the use 
of oian ; which has been and is destined still more to be the 
theatre of his glory ; in which the Son of God tabernacled, 
laboured, suffered, and died, and which may justly be consi- 
dered as a place of preparation for that invisible world, of 
which it forms, as it were, the outer court to those celestial 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 43 

mansions of endless bliss and perfect peace, which are reserved 
for the people of God. Go ye into all the world, said the 
ascending lledeemer to his apostles, and preach the gospel to 
every creature ; do not conline yourselves to this or that parti- 
cular nation, tribe, kindred or people, nor to any solitary spot, 
town, country or climate, no; embrace them all, begin at Je- 
rusalem, travcise Judea, pass on to Samaria, and then proceed 
on your divine mission to the uttermost parts of the earth. 
In tm/ name offer remission of sins, life and salvation to all the 
sons of Adam; invite the rude Barbarian as well as the civilized 
Roman. The apostles went iorth endued with power from 
on high; and, full of the most enlarged views and generous 
desires, occupied much ground, penetrated into the darkest 
recesses of sin and Satan, overthrew many an altar reared by 
the hand of superstition, and turned the people of different 
countries, from the service of dumb idols to that of the living 
God. Other faithful men entered into their labours, and new 
conquests were made in every succeeding age of the Christian 
dispensation. But, after all, what Joshua said in regard to 
the land of promise, is still ap))licable to the world at large : 
" There remaineth yet, very much land to be possessed." 

Tn addition to the old world, comprehending Europe, Asia, 
and Africa, in the fifteenth century the extensive continent 
of America was discovered, which, with the yet unnumbered 
islands of the South Sea, presents a wide field of enter- 
prise and labour to Christian Missionaries and Missionary 
Societies. 

1 was much struck by reading an extract of a letter from 
that faithful servant of God, ]Mr. Campbeh, who, at tlie re- 
quest of this Society lately visited all its Missionary stations 
in Africa at the risk of his health, liberty, and life, and 
whose safe and seasonable return to his native shores, in 
union with thousands, I hail with the most lively emotions of 
joy and gratitude to his divine preserver. 

" The extent (says he) of Africa is so great, that though I 
have travelled about one thousand miles into the interior, from 
the Cape of Good Hope, it is little compared to what is still 
to be known ; I have been in various parts of Africa hitherto 



44 THE FIELD OF 

unexplored, where a white man was considered as a com- 
pletely novel sight, and where the women looked upon a 
watch to be a living animal, of which they were as much 
afraid, as you would be of the most poisonous serpent or 
scorpion. Yet such people expressed a strong desire that in- 
structors should be sent, after we had explained what these 
would teach them." 

In another letter he says: " We arrived at the city of 
Ijatakkoo, containing 1500 houses, very neatly built, and 
about 8000 inhabitants. The king at first started all the 
objections he could think of against having Missionaries sent 
to his people ; but being at last fully satisfied, said : ' Send 
them, and I zcill be a father to them.' While residing there, 
we obtained information respecting twenty tribes or nations 
beyond, who all speak the same language, which opened to 
my view such a wide field of usefulness, as filled my mind 
with joy and wonder to such a degree, that many a night I 
could not sleep for musing upon it. From thence we travelled 
south, in search of the Malala or Hartbeast river, to find 
the Boschemen who lived there, and directly came to that 
kraal, where, providentially at that time, was the chief of all 
the Boschemen in that country. After explaining to him the 
object of my visit, he most frankly consented to receive Mis- 
sionaries. In point of beauty, this country does not fall short 
of Captain Cook's description of Otaheite. It is capable of 
great improvement, and to introduce among the Boschemen 
settled residence, useful arts and the cultivation of the ground 
would bean invaluable temporal blessing; for they are now 
miserable beings, both as to this life and that which is to come, 
as they have no provision for a day beyond the present." 

II. This naturally leads me to the second part of the dis- 
course ; which was, that the field of the world stands in need 
of cultivation. 

The world as we noz& behold it, is neither in a physical 
nor moral point of view, what it was, when first formed by its 
Almighty Creator. Then it shone in primitive beauty. All 
was order, harmony, and happiness. Our first parents ap^ 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 45 

peared in the image of God ; purity and innocence were their 
fairest ornaments, and without toil the earth yielded them 
plentifully, all, and even niore than their necessities required. 
But, alas ! how changed is the aspect of things ! Forgetful of 
their Creator's bounty, unmindful of his command, they ate of 
the forbidden fruit, sinned and fell ; their whole system be- 
came depraved, the noble faculties of their soul impaired, 
their bodies diseased, and death with its ten thousand terrors 
began to reign. Their posterity being involved in all the 
consequences of their fall, the same earth which before had 
been a paradise, was comparatively turned into a desert, 
through which the awful sentence resounded : " Cursed is the 
ground for thy sake. In the sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat 
bread, till thou return unto dust. For dust thou art, and to 
dust thou shalt return." Men multiplied, and sins multiplied 
with them. The flood swept away the world of the ungodly; 
none were saved, except righteous Noah with his family ; but 
even his descendants soon forgot the God of their father; 
idolatry advanced, and the glory of the incorruptible God was 
changed into an image made like to corruptible man, and to 
birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things. The pure 
worship of God would have completely vanished from the 
face of the earth, had not his power and mercy raised up pa- 
triarchs and prophets, and chosen a peculiar people to whom 
he condescended to reveal himself in the most gracious 
manner. 

If, however, you read the history of that favoured nation, 
what strikes you on almost every page ? Ingratitude, corrup- 
tion, and misery. Yet, rejoice, ye heavens, and shout, O 
earth ! — God was manifested in the flesh, and the delight of 
the Son of man was to seek and to save that which was lost. 
A cloud of witnesses succeeded, they sowed with tears, and 
reaped a harvest of souls ; a great moral change took place ; 
the benefits of Christianity spread far and wide ; yet in order to 
make the change complete, they must be still more universally 
extended. View the world in its present state ; survey all its 
nations and tribes, and then ask : Is there no need for further 
cultivation ? Even in Christian countries much ignorance and 
depravity remain. " Multitudes (says a Catholic priest in 



46 THE FIELD OF 

Germany) are destitute of the word of God. The field is in- 
deed extensive, but the seed is insufficient and scarce. May 
the means be put into our hands, to cover the field with seed ! 
Stretch out to us your hberal hands ; grant us, whatever God 
may direct, who has in his abundant mercy blessed you ; you 
give it to Him, who has made us poor and hungry after his 
word." 

What shall I say of the remains of the ancient people of 
God ? Most of the Jews of our day resemble those, M'hom 
the compassionate eye of the Redeemer saw scattered like 
sheep without a shepherd, preferring the Talmud to the Bible, 
the traditions of man to the pure word of God, they greedily 
pursue a hand-full of golden dust, neglecting the pearl of 
great price. A veil of ignorance and unbelief covers them. 
Still waiting for their long expected Messiah, they entirely 
disregard that meek and lowly Jesus whom their fathers cruci- 
fied, and, ignorant of God's righteousness, they go about to 
establish their own. 

" Arise, O Lord ! and have mercy upon Zion : for the time 
to favour her, yea the set time, is come. For thy servants take 
pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof." 

As for the Turks, Persians, Arabs, and other Asiatic tribes, 
which profess the Mahomedan religion; examuie their 
morals, observe their conduct, see them in the hour of distress, 
at the moment of death; and you will find millions of your 
fellow-creatures sunk in sensual lust, buried in apathy and 
sloth, blinded by a system of fatalism, deprived of solid con- 
solation, intoxicated with the delusive hopes of a Paradise, 
scarcely superior in enjoyment to the seraglio of a Turkish 
sultan. Is there no need of improvement here ? no need of 
the prayer : " Oh, that Ishmael might live before thee !" 

And now, my fellow-christian ! accompany me for a mo- 
ment to the heathen world, and thou shalt see still greater abo- 
minations than these. Thou hast heard of Siberia's northern 
blasts, intense cold, inhospitable clime, and gloomy deserts ; 
thou knowest it to be a land of banishment and captivity; but 
there is something worse to be found there — a multiplicity of 
heathen tribes, far more numerous than is geneially known, 
some of whom deify a mortal man ; others, in their high 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 4/ 

places and shady groves, worship an idol much resembling 
Baal of old ; and many of them, literally through fear of 
death, are all their lifetime subject to bondage *. 

India, it is true, is a fairer land ; its fields are more fertile, 
civilization is rapidly advancing under the fostering influence 
of a mild government ; but even British India is still full of 
the habitations of cruehy. Read " the Christian Researches," 
a work, for which generations to come will bless the name of 
Buchanan. Peruse the Records of Christian Missionaries, 
who have spent and are still spending their best strength, and 
even their lives, in cultivathig these extensive fields. Their 
united testimony is this : that the hydra of idolatry, with her 
many heads infests India ; that deities are adored there whose 
worship is as atrocious as that of the ancient Moloch ; that 
shouts from millions are rising in honour of Juggernaut; 
that many of his deluded devotees are crushed to death under 
the bloody wheels of his ponderous chariot ; that the shrieks 
and groans of agonizing widows are heard from amidst the 
flames of the funeral pile ; that infants are sacrificed to the 
Ganges, the old and infirm left by their own relations to 
perish with famine, or to be devoured by wild beasts; that 

* Exclusive of those smaller tribes tiiat inhabit the eastern parts of 
Siberia, such as tlie Kaiiitschadals, Youkagirs, Koriacks, Tsehuktsches, 
Kurilians, &c. we find Finns, Mongols, Tartars, and Manjurs, which are 
divided among themselves into a great many branches: such as live 
by hunting and fishing, are still complete savages, roaming about in 
woods and steppes, and rnsbing with equal indifference into danger or 
pleasure. Fruits, roots, and raw flesh, are their usual food, aud-they 
are covered with the skins of the animals they kill. Some follow the 
occupation of shepherds. With regard to religion, they may be com- 
preliended under these three sects : Ma/ioiiicdans, Lnmiis, andShamanits. 
Most of the Siberian tribes are still idohiters. The chief divinity of the 
Tschermises is called Youmu, besides which they have a great number 
of demi-gods. They offer their sacrifices in groves, and worship their 
idols on high places, the environs of which are considered as sacred, 
and neither wood nor water is permitted to be taken from them. The 
Shamanits and Lamits cannot conceive any thing more terrible than 
death; as a singular proof of this the word JJkaduL or death, among 
the Mongolian tribes also signifies Devil. Extracted from a manu- 
script account of the present state of' the nations of' Siberia, by the Rev. 
Robert Pinker ton. 



48 THE FIELD OF 

lepers are burnt alive, the crimes of priests sanctioned, the 
lower classes of the people despised and trodden down, and 
that impurity pollutes the very acts of their devotion. It would 
be easy to illustrate all these assertions by examples, but let 
one single fact, publicly mentioned in the British Senate, 
speak for the rest. 

About the year 1790, the following most shocking murder 
was perpetrated at Mujilupoor, about a day's journey from 
Calcutta : A Brahmin of the above place dying, his wife went 
to be burned with the body ; she was fastened on the pile, and 
the fire kindled. (The funeral pile was by the side of some 
brushwood and near a river ; it was a late hour when the pile 
was lighted, and a dark rainy night.) When the fire began to 
scorch this poor woman, she contrived to disentangle herself 
from the dead body, crept from under the pile, and hid her- 
self under the brushwood. In a little time it was discovered 
that only one body was on the pile. The relations took the 
alarm, and began to hunt for the poor fugitive. After they 
had found her, the son dragged her forth, and insisted on her 
throwing herself upon the pile again, or that she should drown 
or hang herself. She pleaded for her life, at the hands of her own 
son, and declared, she could not embrace so horrid a death. 
But she pleaded in vain ; the sou urged that he should lose 
his caste, and therefore he vvould die or she should. Unable to 
persuade her to hang or drown herself, the son with the others 
tied her hands and her feet, and threw her on the funeral pile 
where she quickly perished. 

I calculate (says Dr. Carey) that ten thousand women 
annually burn with the bodies of their deceased husbands. 
If we turn to Africa, we observe Hottentots, Boschemen, 
CalFres, Namaquas, Susoos, Mandingas, Negroes, and many 
other tribes, some of which are paying homage to the evil in- 
stead of the good Spirit, some exercising the base art of 
witchcraft, and others fighting in order to procure victims for 
sale, and wasting their ill-gotten substance in revelling and 
drunkenness. Some enlightened Hottentots, speaking of their 
own state, previous to their conversion were heard to exclaim : 
" A few years ago we were living like our horses and oxen." 
The savage tribes of North American Indians are in no 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 4^ 

better state. Whatever may be presumed in favour of indivi- 
duals among them, calling on the great and good Spirit ; — of 
tlie generality it must be said, that rioting and plunder are 
their chief delight, and he tlatters himself to obtain the first 
place in Paradise, who can produce the greatest number of 
scalps from his conquered enemies. 

The natives of the South Sea Islands have been repre- 
sented by some travellers as the most gentle and innocent 
beings, in whom scarcely any symptom of the fall was to be 
traced ; but the result of closer observations has exhibited a 
far different character; and the Missionaries, with bleeding 
hearts and weeping eyes, have had to record the prevalence of 
the most violent passions, the commission of nameless crimes, 
and the offering of human sacrifices. 

If then so great a proportion of the world still lies under 
the power of the wicked one ; if it still resembles a dreary 
desert, or a field overgrown with llie most noxious weeds ; is 
there no need of cultivation ? Are no means to be employed 
to remove, or at least to alleviate those evils which now afllict 
millions of the human race ? Shall the blind continue to lead 
the blind, the ignorant be allow ed to live and to die without God 
and without hope ? Shall the language of Cain be the language 
of a Christian : Am I my hrothers keeper ? Shall the joyful 
soHJid of salvation through a crucified Redeemer never reach 
their ear ? God forbid ! Rather let us listen to the voice of his 
commandment : " Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." 
Let us with the tender pity of the merciful Samaritan hasten 
to the relief of a bleeding, dying world, and employ all practi- 
cable means for its recovery, improvement, peace, and hap- 
piness. 

III. I will therefore proceed in the third place to the 
enumeration of such means as may prove most efficacious to 
produce this desirable end. To enlarge u[K)n them all, time 
will not permit. Allow me to specify but a few. 

The holy scriptures must be disseminated to the largest 
possible extent. 

Missionaries must preach the gospel in every part of the 
woild. 

H 



50 THE FIELD OF 

Missionary Societies must still increase in number, acti- 
vity, and harmonious co-operation. 

Schools must be established in every heathen town and 
village. 

Prayers must ascend with tenfold fervour from every 
Christian country, every Chri^stian church, every Christian 
heart. 

Contributions must flow in more abundantly than ever. 

It ought to be acknowledged with unfeigned gratitude to 
God, that much has already been done in all these respects, 
and still more is now doing. With regard to the scriptures, 
which are emphatically called the incorruptible seed of the 
word of God, there perhaps never was a period of the church, 
in which this precious seed was scattered with a more bounti- 
ful hand. 

The British and Foreign Bible Society has been called 
by some, the wonder of the nineteenth century ; and must 
we not ascribe it to a pecuhar blessing from God, that this 
Society has been enabled, within the short space of ten years, 
to promote in whole or in part, the printing and circulation of 
a million of copies of the sacred volume, in more than fifty 
languages, into several of which it never had been translated 
before. But still in India alone, about twenty dialects remain, 
into which its divine contents have never been transfused ; and 
how many millions of copies will be necessary, before every 
land, province, town, village, hamlet, house and cottage can 
be furnished with them ! 

Missionaries must preach the gospel in every part of th§ 
world. Blessed be God ! hundreds have gone forth, and 
scarcely a week passes without some being sent out by the 
various Societies in Great Britain and other parts of Europe. 
Theirs is die arduous but honourable task to penetrate into 
the dark places of the earth, to preach the gospel where its 
cheering voice was never heaid before, to clear the ground, to 
prepare the way of the Lord, to shew the poor benighted 
heathen their sin and their danger, to direct their awakened 
conscience to the Lamb of God which taketh away the sins 
of the world, to collect the wandering tribes, to tutor tjjeir 
infant minds^ to inure them by degrees to habits of industry, 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 51 

to introduce civilization, to celebrate with them the Christian 
Sabbath, to teach them to sing the praises of the Most High, 
to raise the standard of their morals, and to prepare them for 
a blissful immortality. How ought I to love you — ^ye faithful 
ambassadors of Christ ! My soul blesses you, ye meek and 
lowly followers of Him who went about doing good, ^^here- 
ever you labour, titere may the protection and blessing of God 
rest upon you ! — And here justice requires me to declare, that 
INiissionaries have done more for the translation and distribu- 
tion of the Bible than any other class of men. Ziegenbalg and 
Grundler translated it into the Tamul. Des Granges began 
the gospels in the Telinga, and Hands is employed in trans- 
lating them into Canaara; Morrison is enriching China with his 
New Testament. The Moravians have made the first attempts 
in the Esquimaux, Creol, Arawack, and Calmuc dialects ; and 
how shall I mention a Carey, Marshman, and others of the 
Baptist Missionaries ? Their well-earned praise is in all the 
churches. Had they merely translated and published portions 
of the scriptures in twenty Oriental languages, the name of 
S.erampore would have been immortalized. Nor let me for- 
get to add tq this honourable band the revered name of Mar- 
tin, who, animated by a truly apostolical spirit in the pursuit 
of biblical labours, sacrificed his life. 

Missionaries are likewise in many places the only agents 
who can be obtained for the circulation of that blessed book. 
IJut great as their number may appear, it bears no proportion 
at all to the extent of the ground to be occupied. The harvest 
is truly great, while the labourers are few. 1 need not, there- 
fore, hesitate a moment in assertuig that ISIissionary Societies 
nmst still increase in number, activity and harmonious co-ope- 
ration. For what can even the most able and zealous indivi- 
duals eftect, unless powerfully supported by the united coun- 
sels, exertions, and contributions of whole churches and so- 
cieties ? By llicse they must be scut forth, assisted, directed, 
and encouraged in their important and difiicult undertaking; 
by these their widows and children must be taken care of. 
On this ground I most sincerely rejoice in all Missionary So- 
cieties, to whatever church or denomination of Christians they 
lielong, whose sincere aim is to glorify God and to save souls. 



52 THE FIELD OF 

To all such I wish well in the name of the Lord ; and freely 
own the peculiar obligations I feel to this Society, whose 
cause I have now the honour of pleading, as it was the first 
which directed ray attention as well as that of many of my 
fellow-christians on the Continent, to the state of the heathen 
world, and led us into a most happy connexion with the friends 
of God and man in Great Britain. May this Society still in- 
crease a hundred-fold, and continue to be the fruitful parent 
of similar Institutions both at home and abroad ! The Dutch 
Society in Rotterdam, the Berlin Seminary, and several 
smaller Associations in Germany and Switzerland owe to it 
their origin, and I am happy to find that these Foreign So- 
cieties have supplied several truly valuable Missionaries, among 
whom Van der Kemp, Kicherer, and Butscher, stand honour- 
ably distinguished. This pleasing union and co-operation of 
protestant churches on the Continent with the Missionary So- 
ciety have lately furnished the means of undertaking a new 
mission to Java, to which a Dutchman and two Germans 
have freely devoted themselves. Nor can I omit mentioning 
with feehngs of sacred exultation, that by the late wonderful 
events, in which the hand of God has been so eminently con- 
spicuous, the free communication between England and the 
Continental nations, so long and so painfully interrupted, 
has been mercifully restored. May this renewed intercourse, 
under the blessing of God, prove a powerful means of still 
more universally spreading the sacred tlame of an enlightened 
missionary spirit, and may protestant churches of every 
description vjc with each other in the promotion of this great 
and glorious cause ! Should even a hundred — yea, a thousand 
Missionary Societies arise, as large as your's, they will find 
plenty of work to do. And here I take the liberty of ob- 
serving, that while every due attention is paid to the instruction 
of the old, the young should not be forgotten; for they justly 
claim a peculiar share in Missionary exertions. Let therefore 
schools be established in every heathen town and village, to 
which Christian Missionaries may have access. Attempts of 
this kind have already been made for the benefit of Indian, Ne- 
gro, Hottentot, Susoo, and Esquimaux children, and iheyhave 
been crowned with encouraging success. What would be our 



MISSIONARY LABOURt. 53 

ser.salions of Cliristian joy and animating hope, could we pay a 
visit to these schools, and behold so many promising youths 
cngnged in reading the wonderful works of God in his word, 
or harmoniously singing their hosannas to the Son of David ! 

it will also be truly gratifying to this assembly to hear that 
the Emperor Alexander, with that kind attention to the tem- 
poral and spiritual prosperity of his subjects, which so eminently 
adorns his character, has added many hundred schools to those 
already established in his empire ; thus evidently aiming, in re- 
ference to his vast dominions, to fulfil the same benevolent in- 
tention which our beloved Monarch expressed relative to his, 
" diat every child might have a Bible, and be able to read it." 
If kings are thus becoming nursing fathers to the church, and 
queens her nursing mothers, what glorious prospects are open- 
ing for the rising generation ! 

But Bibles may be distributed, Missionaries preach, so- 
cieties labour, and schools increase ; even Paul may plant, 
and Apollos water; still, let it be recollected, it is God who 
giveth the increase. On this account, let me again urge— 
what has been so often recommended before, the necessity 
of frequent, earnest, persevering prayer. " Father of mercies ! 
let thy kingdom come ! Thou l^ord of the harvest, send forth 
faithful labourers into thy harvest !" " Keep them as the apple 
of thy own eye !" " Send now prosperity !" " Establish thou 
the work of our hands, yea, the work of our hands establish 
thou it!" Such petitions ought day and night to ascend to the 
throne of grace. 

Let indivitkials wrestle with God in behalf of the pe- 
rishing heathen ; let whole churches unite in their suppli- 
cations, and ministers prove in this, as well as in every other 
respect, patterns to their flocks. If the prayer of one right- 
eous man availelh much; what may we not expect from the 
fervent aspirations of believing thousands ! In this the rich 
and the poor may equally join; but let them also join in pecu- 
niary contributions : even the day-labourer may alFord his 
weekly penny, the child and the widow their mite, whilst the 
rich, out of their abundance, ought to cast much into this trea- 
sury of our God. Who can read of the liberality displavcd 
by the people of Israel in their contributions to the building 
of the temple, without emotions of joy and gratitude f David 



54 'THE FIELD OF 

set a uoble example by a magnificent gift of 3000 talents oS 
gold, and 7000 talents of refined silver, " Then the chief of 
the fathers, and the princes of the people, and the captains ot 
hundreds and thousands, with the rulers over the king's work, 
offered vviliingly, and gave for the service of the house of God, 
of gold 5000 talents, and of silver 10,000 talents, and of brass 
18,000 talents, and 100,000 talents of iron. And they with 
whom precious stones were found, gave them to the treasurer 
of the house of the Lord. Then the people rejoiced, because 
with a perfect heart they offered willingly to the Lord." 

And who then is willing to consecrate his service this day 
unto the Lord r Thousands, 1 am happy to say, have cheer- 
fully come forward with their free-will offerings towards the 
buildir.g of the spiritual temple of our God ; persons of every 
rank and condition in life seem to emulate each other in sup- 
porting the various benevolent and Christian institutions ; the 
funds of this Society have also received considerable additions 
in the course of the past year ; but the Missionary work is so 
great, and its expenses are so rapidly increasing, that fresh ex- 
ertions are loudly called for. They are called for by all your 
Missionaries already labouring in the heathen world ; they are 
called for by the numerous tribes, who. In their eager solici- 
tude to obtain teachers, seem to say, " Come over and help us !" 
Kenewed and vioorous exertions are stronglv solicited in a late 
communication from our honoured brother, Mr. Campbell :— - 
" On arriving (says he) at a Hottentot kraal, we got the 
people collected in and around the captain's house. A very 
aged man, almost Mithout any clothing, came into the hut, sat 
down at my side, kissed my hands and legs, and by the most 
significant gestures, expressed the greatest joy and gratitude 
that a Missionary was to be sent to them. We asked him. 
Whether he knew any thing about Jesus Christ r His answer 
almost petrified me ; he said, * I know no more about any 
thing than a beast!' Could 1 have but brought the great Mis- 
sionary asscmbliesjn the month of ^lay to tins kraal, to wit- 
ness the scene that passed, 1 think they \\ould thr6w in their 
gold by handtuls, to aid the Missionary funds, till the Direc- 
tors wduld be obliged to cry out, like Moses at the tabernacle 
in the wilderness: hjtop, brethren! you are giving more thai\ 
is necessarv '"' 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 5.3 

IV. But some perhaps will say : " We are willing to give, 
and Indeed have given ; but may we hope that good will be 
done? The dlflicuhiesof Missionary undertakings are so great, 
disappointments so frequent, and success so uncertain, tiiat we 
are tempted to think our money will be thrown tiway.' Cer- 
tainly, many difficulties arise, but with the blessing of God 
they can, yea they have been surmounted ; and linal success is 
cejtain. A husbandman sowing his seed knows that some 
will fall by the way side, be trodden down and devov\red by 
the fovils of the air ; some wither on a rock, and some b« 
choked by thorns ; but does he therefore give way to despair, 
and consider his labour entirely lost ? No, he rests fully as- 
sured, that part at least will fall on good ground, and bring 
forth fruit, some a hundred-fold, some sixty, and some thirty. 
TSuis certain Missionary attempts have failed and will fail ; 
certain Missionaries, after having put their hand to the plough, 
have turned back, and proved unworthy of their sacred charge. 
All this I readily grant, nor is it to be wondered at. Consider 
also the ignorance and stupidity of man in his natural state, 
his alienation from God, and aversion to divine things ; view 
the barbarous condition of some heathen tribes, and the deep- 
rooted prejudices of others ; their superstitious rites and 
customs, the opposition of their priests, whose interest and 
very existence are at stake ; the unhealthiness of some cli- 
mates ; the dreadful deserts ; the dangers from wild beasts, 
and men more savage still than these ; the combined efforts of 
w icked men and wicked spirits ; the scandalous lives of 
nominal Christians, by whom the name of Christ is blas- 
phemed among the heathen ; the distance of many heathen 
lands trom Europe ; the long hiterruption of all intercourse ; 
the sudden deaths of the most able and experienced TNlission- 
aries ; the destruction of whole settlements ; with many otiu i 
obstacles that might be mentioned ; and you will be cour 
strained to exclaim with the apostle : " Wlto is sutiirieut for 
these thhigs r" But let us not be discouraged ; let us hear the 
language of the Otaheitan Missionaries, after liaMUg had 
their full share in difficulties like these : 

" Nothing (say they) is too hard for God. King l^omarre 
had been a very wicked man. When we retmned, we lived 
for a time in tlie wmc liouse with him. lie would sometimes 



56 THE FIELD OF 

speak of divine things in terms tliat surprised and shamed us. 
None of us doubt of the king's conversion. We have rejoiced 
greatly, so will you, and so will all the angels in heaven. Two 
others, we trust, have believed to the saving of their souls ; 
one died this week. Several others gave pleasing answers to 
our questions. Thus you see that your labour has not been 
in vain in the Lord," 

The first attempts to evangelize the poor negroes in the 
West Indies were likewise attended with the severest trials and 
most painful losses. Numbers of the Missionaries fell vic- 
tims to their zeal. Yet no sooner had one of these brave sol- 
diers of Jesus Christ fallen, than another stept forth to fill up 
the ranks. And uhat is now the happy result of their perse- 
vering labours? The conversion of thousands and tens of 
thousands, who formerly were the miserable slaves of sin and 
Satan, " You will be pleased," writes Mr, Davies from De- 
merara, in Nov. 18, 1813, " to learn that the crowds of ne- 
groes, some of whom come from a distance of fifty miles, to 
hear of the Saviour, cry still in our ears, ' The place is too 
strait for me. Enlarge the place of thy tent — lengthen thy 
coi'ds, and strengthen thy stakes.' Five thousand negroes 
learn the catechisms, and attend in rotation. A great reform- 
ation appears among them ; and I trust, not a few are savingly 
brought to the knowledge of God." 

Another most affecting instance of their eager desire to 
hear the gospel is recorded in the journal of a Moravian Mis- 
sionary in Antigua, of April 23, 1813. 

" As 1 sat in my room, I could see the people running in 
companies at various distances. They took every short cut, 
the young and the stout passing before the old and infirm, and 
the latter pressing on with ail their might, stretching their 
heads and arms forward, every effort bespeaking the eagerness 
of their very souls to hear the marvellous history, how Jesus 
the Son of God gave himself a sacrifice for sinners. — ^The 
chapel was soon filled, and the last comers had to stand be- 
fore the doors and windows. When I began to read, the most 
eager attention was visible in every countenance. In the 
evening the chapel was again crowded, and when at the words 
" he bowed his head and gave up the ghost," the congrega- 
tion fell on their knees, such an awful and heart-melting sense 



MISSIONARY LABOURS. 5/ 

of the atoning death of Jesus pervaded the assembly, that 
some wept aloud." 

I might mention many more pleasing instances in proof 
of the assertion, that the labours of Missionary Societies 
have been productive of the happiest effects. I might 
ask,— Has the venerable Van der Kemp laboured in vain ? 
Is not the very existence of Bethelsdorp, with its Chris- 
tian Hottentots, a more honorable record of his useful ac- 
tivity than the most splendid monument which could be 
erected to his memory ? Have not some of us seen the first 
fruits from among the Hottentots, and heard them make a 
good confession before many witnesses ? What a sacred de- 
light would pervade every breast, could our eyes tiozc behold 
some of the Chinese, Hindoos, and Indians whom the la- 
bours of your Missionaries have benefited ! But to particu- 
larise every station which this Society occupies, to specify 
every one of its Missionaries, and to enumerate the fruits of 
their labours, would far exceed the limits of this discourse. 
Hastening to a conclusion, I only beg leave to express my 
full conviction — a conviction founded on the word of Godi**" 
that the final success of the Missionary cause is certain. If 
any thing can facilitate it on our part, it is the pure disinter- 
ested conduct of our Missionaries, it is our own holy un- 
blameable life. I have often been deeply impressed with the 
awful importance of that declaration of St. Paul : " I keep 
under my body and bring it under subjection, lest by any 
means, when I have preached to others, I myself should 
be a cast away." If an Apostle thus felt, and thus expressed 
himself, with what holy jealousy ought we to watch over our 
own heart, temper, walk, and conversation ? A man busily 
engaged in improving his neighbour's field, and all the while 
neglecting his own, will justly be considered a foolish charac- 
ter; and is he less so, who, solicitous for the conversion of 
the heathen world, is inattentive to the salvation of his own 
immortal soul. Converted heathen will rise up in the judg- 
ment against some who were active in Missionary concerns, 
and yet continued willing slaves to sin and vanity. A proud, 
self-conceited, sensual, covetous Missionary does not deserve 
this honourable name ; such an one is no ambassador for 

I 



58 THE FIELD OF MISSIONARY LABOURS. 

Christ, he is an emissary of Satan ; instead of a blessing, lie 
proves a curse to the heathen world. But thrice happy are 
those faithful servants of Christ, who, constrained by the love 
of Christ, do not look on their own things, but also on the 
things of others ; who by unfeigned humility, living faith, and 
active charity, adorn the doctrine of God their Saviour, and 
imitating his example, diffuse blessings wherever they go ; 
rismg superior to a deceitful world by their heavenly-minded- 
ness, recommending themselves to the conscience of every 
man, and forcing conviction on the minds of the most ig- 
norant and prejudiced heathen, that the reiigion which they 
proclaim, is as superior to theirs as the heavens are higher than 
the earth. After all, the final success of the Missionary cause 
depends not on man, but on God. However weak human in- 
struments may be, his cause will prosper. Its final success is 
certain, because it is predicted in this blessed book, the Bible, 
and the honour and truth of God stand pledged for it ; be- 
cause Christ.died to insure it ; because all power is given to 
him in heaven and in earth ; because he must reign till he hath 
jait all enemies under his feet ; because he has sworn by 
Mimself, the word is gone out of his mouth in righteousness, 
and shall not return : " Unto me every knee shall bow, every 
tongue shall swear."—" Surely (shall one say) in the Lord 
have I rigliteousness and strength, even to him shall meii 
come, and all that are incensed against him, shall be shamed." 
All these considerations fill my mind with the most cheerful 
confidence that the Christian religion, proclaimed by hosts of 
evangelists, will ultimately overcome every difficulty, and com- 
pletely subdue every adverse power ; that the wilderness and 
the desert will blossom like the rose, and the whole world ex- 
hibit one well-cultivated field, one delightful garden of God's 
own planting, filled with fruits of righteousness to the praise 
of his holy name. 

" God be merciful unto us, and bless us, and cause his 
face to shine upon us. — Selah. That thy way may be known 
upon earth, thy saving health among all nations. Let the 
people praise thee, O God ! let all the people praise thee. 
Then shall the earth yield her increase, and God, even our 
own God, shall bless us. God shall bless us, and all the 
ends of the earth shall fear him." 



Missions to the Heathen vindicated from the 
Charge of Enthusiasm. 



A SERMON 

DELIVERLD AT THE 

TABERNACLE, MOORFIELDS, 

BEFORE 

THE MISSIONAHY BOCIETY3 

May 11, 1814, 
By the Rev. THOMAS RAFFLES, 

OF LIVERPOOL. 



Acts xix. 23 — 27- 

And the same time there arose no small stir about that way. 
For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, zchich 
made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto 
the craftsmen. Whom he called together zeith the work- 
men of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by 
this craft we have our z&ealth : Moreover, ye see and hear 
that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, 
this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, 
saying, that they be no gods zchich are made with hands. 
So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at 
nought ; but also that the temple of the great goddess 
Diana should be despised ; and her magnificence should be 
destroyed rehom all Asia, and the world worshippeth. 

—And, perhaps, there never vi'as a period, since that in 
which the apostles first went forth to preach the gospel, iti 
which there has been so great " a stir about that zoay," as in 

I 2 



6*0 



MISSIONS TO THE 



the days in which we live. Many a cause, indeed, has risen 
rapidly to fame — ^has enjoyed for a season, uninterrupted po- 
pularity — and witnessed triumphs as splendid, as any which its 
most sanguine adherents could desire— yet, after a while, it has 
gradually lost its hold upon the public esteem, and has sunk at 
length, into to4;al and eternal oblivion. But we present to 
you, this evening, a cause which has survived the calumnies 
and slanders of eighteen hundred years — a cause which has 
triumphed over the hideous monsters of infidelity and scepti- 
cism, in all their vaiious modes of secret and open attack, 
ever since the commencement of its glorious career— a cause 
which during a long series of age§ has obtained the dying tes- 
timony of countless millions to its worth — has witnessed the 
laborious exertions of the most venerable and enlightened 
men to promote its interests— and has received the seal of a 
noble army of martyrs in their blood. — A cause which boldly 
meets again this vast assembly, and solicits its support— whilst 
it is eyf ry where enlarging the sphere of its influence and ex- 
tending the circle of its friends — promising soon to interest 
the whole world in its favour — a promise which must be 
.fulfilled — a pledge which shall be redeemed — for it is the 
cause of missions — the cause of the gospel — the cause 
of God! 

At the period to which the text 'refers, this cause was but 
in its infancy : yet, in its earliest years, it advanced with a ra- 
pidity, which must have. astonished its friends, and appalled its 
enemies. Every effort which malignity could suggest, had 
been employed by the Jews to strangle it in its birth, and for 
ever to blast its interests, by branding with infamy the character 
of its founder, and closing his labours in an ignominious 
death. But did his cause expire with him on his cross .'' — was 
it buried with him in his grave ? No ! — He, alas ! is now be- 
yond the reach of their malignity or power : — the echoes of 
the judgment-hall seem yet to prolong the shouts of insult 
and the lou^ laughter of derision — and Calvary, that lone and 
barren mountain, round whose summit the heavens brooded in 
mysterious darkness, and at whose base the earth shook 
with horrid agitations, as if conscious of sustaining on her ac- 
cursed bosom the perpetrators of no common crime— Calvary 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. ' Gl 

has drunk bis blood — ber death-like silence has-been broken 
by his dying groan. But his cause still lives ; and his followers 
couunissioned by his own command : Go ye into all the uorld 
and preach the gospel to every creature — inspired by admiration 
of his transceiidant excellence and love to his dishonoured per- 
son — animated by his bright example of unbending fortitude 
and burning zeal — and assured, that in the gospel which they 
preach, they possess the only balm that can heal the wounds 
and alleviate the miseries of raari— they traverse the wide 
world, scattering in every direction the blessings it conveys. 
And what is the reception M'ith which they meet r Are they 
not regaided as the noblest philanthropists the world has ever 
known ? As they approach the towns and villages of Judea, 
or present themselves before the cities of the lloman Empire 
—are they not welcomed with tumultuous joy — ^liailed by lisp- 
ing infancy and hoary age as the widow's friend — the orphan's 
hope — the fairest ornaments of the human race — the best be- 
nefactors of mankind ? No !— in too many instances the in- 
vitation of mercy which they bear is rejected with disdain— 
the object of their mission is first misrepresented, and then 
treated with affected abhorrence by the leaders and rulers of 
the people — the cup of salvation which they freely offer, as 
though it were mixed with the deadliest poison, is dashed, un- 
tasted, from the lip, and they are every where loaded with 
infamy, as the lawless adherents of a crucitied impostor, and 
the distmbers of the public peace : These men being Jezvs do 
exceediiigli/ trouble our city, is the general outcry, whilst 
through all the streets and avenues .they spread the alarm — These 
that have turned the zvorld upside down, are come hither also. 
But in spite of eveiy effort to suppress it, the cause which 
the apostles had espoused— lived, and triumphed, and every 
where prevailed. Upon many a people who had sat for ages 
enveloped in the deep gloom of the shadozi) of death, did the 
pure and reviving iigiit of the gospel arise. W herever it broke 
forth, darkness — moral, spiritual, hitellectual, fled before its 
mifd, but penetrating beams ; wuiist. the venerable men, ap- 
pohued by (iod, to thed this divine illumination upon man- 
kind, went forili with all the placid dignity which became the 



62 MISSIONS TO THE 

ambassadors of heaven, performing wonders which awed the 
most tumultuous multitudes to silent veneration and respect — 
and pouring, in spontaneous flow, a train of argument and a 
tide of eloquence which confounded some — convinced many, 
and astonished all. Idols, whose imaginary anger had often been 
appeased by the blood of human sacrifices were overthrown — 
Altars around which infatuated devotees, the victims of the 
grossest superstition, had for ages bowed, were forsaken — Tem- 
ples which had witnessed the performance of the most obscene 
and execrable rites were deserted — the whole Roman empire 
became a scene of agitation and alarm. Philosophy pursued 
to her most hallowed retreats, was attacked even in the very 
cities where she sat enthroned in all the pomp of literature 
and science— whilst the pillars that supported the monstrous 
fabric of idolatry seemed smitten at their base, and the whole 
edifice, trembling and shattered, exhibited signs of a rapid and 
universal decay. Hence the general clamour raised by those, 
whom the prejudices of education or of interest, still attached 
to the odious system against which this army of the living 
God had so successfully levelled the artillery of truth, and 
the almost daily recurrence of scenes similar to that described 
in the text : And at that time there arose no small stir about 
that way, &c. 

My brethren, the cause in which the apostles were 
engaged is the very cause vrhich has convened this im- 
mense assembly within these walls — such an assembly 
as is seldom witnessed upon earth, and will perhaps, rarely 
be surpassed, till that period arrive, when all these pastors 
and their respective churches shall be congregated at 
the judgment seat of Christ. The thought is solemn,- but 
suited to the scene — and if, impressed with its solemnity, I for a 
moment pause, and entreat an interest in your prayers,, that I 
^,/^^ may be enabled to discharge the important truth reposed in 
me this evening, to the honour of God and the advancement of 
his kingdom : I trust my fathers and brethren in the ministry 
especially, will not refuse my request— and if I enjoy their 
prayers, I may assure myself of their sympathy, if I should 
sink beneath the pressure of that awe which the presence of 



y 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 



63 



such an auditory cannot but inspire. The cause in which we 
are engaged, is that to which ihe first promulgators of the 
gospel were devoted. Thv nyiostles were Missionaries, and 
although not Missionaries ourselves, Vv'e trust we have a Mis- 
sionary spirit, and we aie come to support the Missionary 
cause. And whilst our cause is the same, we are also exposed 
to similar opposition from tlie objects of our ben^ volent at- 
tention abroad, and the enemies which infidelity has armed 
against us at home. With the prejudices of the heathen, it is 
the province of the Missionaries, whom we en-.pioy, to inter- 
fere. But whilst they are thus engaged in distant countries, 
it behoves us who stay behind, to defend them — to defend our- 
selves and the great object we have in view from the charge of 
folly and enthusiasm— -from misrepresentation and falsehood, 
by a distinct avowal of our design — an impartial developement 
of our plan — and a full, a public, and a frequent discussion of 
the merits of the case. Yes ; let the Missionary cause become 
the topic of discussion — the subject of discourse. — Let it be 
canvassed and examined. — Let it freely circulate. — It will gain 
friends wherever it goes, and sanctify every church, every house, 
every bosom in which it has a friend. The greater stir there 
is about this zcay the better. The more attention it excites, 
the fairer scope it has for action. — Give it ample space-^let it 
unfold its beauties-r-iet it prefer its claims. Its claims are 
founded in principles which every lover of the Saviour must 
revere.— It is a cause stamped with the seialof heaven — dyed 
in the blood of Christ — and impressed with the characters of 
eternity. The command of Jesus gave it birth — the provi- 
dence of God has watched its growth — the agonies of the 
cross ensure its success — and the happiness of countless mil- 
lions through eternal ages, is the end it has in view. I rejoice 
that Great Britain seems disposed, at this moment, to give it 
the consideration it deserves. The churches have opened their 
arms to receive it^they cherish it with maternal care — whilst 
many are kindly inviting it to their embrace. Yes! in these 
days there has arisen no small stir about that way — and a 
flame is kindling, which shall first destroy the fiend of selfish- 
ness and bigotry that still lurks in the church of Christ, to 
paralyze its exertions, and to disunite its members— and then 



64 MISSIONS TO THE 

spread, like the conflagration of a forest, till it has reduced to 
ashes every idol, every altar, and every temple of the heathen 
world. 

We are anxious this evening to fan that flame ; allow me 
then, 

J. To state the grand object of Missionary exertions ; 

II. To vindicate it from the charge of folly and enthu- 
siasm ; and 

III. To plead with your benevolent feelings on its behalf. 

I am, First, To state the grand object of mis- 
sionary EXERTIONS. 

We are about to solicit the liberal bestowment of your 
bounty — to invite you to consecrate freely of your substance to 
this work of the Lord. The age of miracles is past; God 
works in the present day by means, and he accomplishes, by 
ordinary instruments, extraordinary purposes. Hence money 
is necessary to prepare Missionaries, by a suitable education 
for their work, and to support them in it. But ere we solicit 
the exercise of your benevolence, it is necessary that we 
should distinctly apprize you of the nature of the object on 
whose behalf you are solicited. We plead, then, the cause of 

SIX HUNDRED MILLIONS OF THE HUMAN RACE: WC 

plead their cause against the oppressions of Satan, under 
which they groan ; against the usurped and intolerable domi- 
nion of infernal powers ; against the cruel, the obscene, the 
sanguinary institutions of heathenism ; against the degrading 
and fatal errors of the false prophet of Mecca ; and against a 
thousand mighty and hitherto successful engines invented by 
the artifice, and applied by the power of hell, for the torture 
and debasement of the human body in this life, and the endless 
ruin and anguish of the soul in that which is to come. In 
what a posture do I at this moment stand ! Reverend fathers, 
devoted brethren, and an immense assen)bly of the disciples 
of Christ, before me ; and the cries, the groans, the miseries 
of despairing, dying millions at my back. I plead with 7nan 
the cause of the eternal God; of the divine Redeemer; of 
adoring seraphs ; of sainted martyrs^of the human race : I 
plead, encompassed by the powers I oppose, and the powers 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 65 

I serve ; I am awed by tlie presence of inspecting angels and 
malignant fiends. Hell from beneath yawns to receive her 
prey — heaven from above nnfolds her everlasting doors, and 
saints and seraphs seem bending with anxious solicitude to 
witness the issue of this evening's toil. I blow the blast in 
Zion, which shall wake again contending armies to the battle—^ 
powers of earth, with iheir mighty allies, the powers of hea- 
ven, against the thrones and dominions of the infernal world; 
I lift high before you the well-known standard of the Prince 
of Peace — I unfurl the blood-stained banners of the cross ; 
and as they wave over this vast assembly, a voice more than 
mortal is heard, crying, Who will come forth to the help of the 
Lord, to the help of the Lord against the mighty? 

But what is the object of Missionary exertions ? 

Is it political'? — No. We have no commission from the 
state to propagate certain principles of government, to enforce 
certain modes of legislati(m, to negociate die affairs of princes, 
or to settle and establish the boundaries of empires. These 
are matters with which we never do nor wish to interfere. 
Expressly commanded by the Master whom we serve, to 
avoid all such interference, and assured by him, that the king- 
dom he is pleased to employ us as the instruments of pro- 
moting, ?.s 7iol of this zmrld, we are neither warranted nor 
disposed to legislate for those to whom we preach the gospel. 
If indeed the introduction of the gospel shall give to the un- 
tutored savage a milder code of laws, a purer principle of go- 
vernment — if it shall teach him nsore correctly the relations 
of human life, and the responsibilities which ihey involve, so 
that in the administration of rewards and punishments, caprice 
shall yield to justice, and physical strength to the dictates of 
right,— who but must pronounce its ludutiice benign, and 
hail the harbinger of such inestimable blessings to mankind ? 
But this is not the influence of Missionaries, but the influence 
of the gospel that they preach; and the whole constitution 
and genius of that gospel must be changed ere it can cease to 
■have an influence like this. But who would wish it changed, 
or contine a system pregnant with such benefits, within the 
narrow confines of our native isle .' Is there any one here 
enamoured .of bloodshed, enormity, and rum ? Is there any 

K 



66 MISSIONS TO THE 

one here in love with tyranny, injustice, and oppression ? la 
there any one here so unnatural in his appetite, so brutal in 
his taste, lliat the yell of savages is music to his ear, and the 
repast of cannibals, the feast of human flesh, pleasing to his 
eye ? Him we ask not to support the cause of Missions; but 
he whose heart sickens at the contemplation of horrors such 
as these, is a friend to his species, and must be a friend to us. 
Is it literacy or scientific'^ Is it to impart or to obtain the 
knowledge of languages, countries, customs, %v arts ?— No. 
The untutored tribes of Africa expressed surprise that our la- 
mented Mungo Park should brave the dangers of the deep, 
expose himself to the varieties of climate, should sustain the 
pangs of fatigue, and all the woes of a solitary and defenceless 
wanderer in the interior of their inhospitable clime, merely 
to ascertain the manners of a people unrecorded in history, 
and the course of a river unknown to song ; and well they 
might. But had Mungo Park assured them that the object 
of his mission was to make them happy — presenting the 
Bible, had he told them that it contained his commission 
from the eternal God to preach to them life and immortality 
beyond the grave, they would have ceased their wonder, and 
have deemed the object proportioned to the toil. And such is 
the object we have in view ; such is the commission we are anx- 
ious to fulfil. It is to the wild savage in his native woods the 
Christian Missionary goes : he teaches him to read — but it is 
that he may read the word of God ; he teaches him to think 
—but it is that he may exercise his thoughts about eternal 
things ; and if sometimes he should converse with him about 
his native land, (and that land will cleave, even to the Mis- 
sionary's heart, with ties that only can dissolve in death,) he 
will not tell him of Britain's commerce; Britain's literature; 
Britain's laws ; but of Britain's piety; of Britain's Bible ; of 
Britain's God ? 

Is it commetcial'? — ^Yes, it is, but a commerce of a higher 
order than that of silver or of gold — more precious than the 
gold of Ophir or the gems of India; the glorious traffic of 
Christian charity — the blessed commerce of the word of God. 
The liberality of a British public supplies us with our capital. 
We open an account with all the tribes of the heathen world 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 6/ 

It) whom we can gain access, on behalf of the great Jehovah. 
In the concern there are embarked, not merely the inhabitants 
of different countries, but of distant worlds. 'Hie negociation 
is not for time, but for eternity ; and our accounts will not be 
audited, or the final balance struck, till the channels of the 
sea are dry, and every factory is wrapped in tiamts. 

But I pant to tell you distinctly what our object is : — it is 
to convey tlie knowledge of the true God, and of salvation by 
Jesus Christ, to heathen and all other unenlightened nations. 
Our object then, you perceive, is 

Sacred. What can sanctify a deed r what can invest a 
cause with awful majesty, or give a name the' power to com- 
mand respect ? can high antiquity ? — We have it. The cause ot 
Missions is as old as time ; and the fall of man and the bowers 
of Eden, polluted by his recent crime, were the birth-place 
and the birth-day of the Missionary cause. The first Mis- 
sionary sermon was preached in Paradise, to the first man that 
■ ever needed the animating intelligence which it conveyed, and the 
sermons of every faithful Missionary have but reiterated those 
joyful tidings from that period to the present hour. Can the 
sanction and association of the great and goodf — We have it. 
The history of the saints in every dispensation is but the re- 
cord of Missionary exertions ; and while I pronounce the as- 
sertion, I feel myself surrounded by the spirits of the great 
and venerable of every generaiion, and of every clime, beyond 
my power to number. The clouds that gather over ihe past, 
and allow but an imperfect survey of the ages that are gone, 
seem rapidly to retire. I behold the labours of a Swartz, — 
a name which sultans have venerated, atid senates have pro- 
nounced with reverence, in the eastern — and Brainerd, 
whom savages were taught to love, and beneath whose culture 
the desart was seen to smile, in the zvestcrn world. The fires 
of Smithfield light me to a glorious band, of whom the world 
was not worthy, but whom now their country numbers with 
her noblest sons, led on by the awful forms of Luther and 
of WiCKLiFFE. Plunge into the regions of remote antiquity. 
Say, was not Paul a Missionary ? Yes ; for this he crossed 
the inhospitable desart and the stormy deep— for this he en- 
dured the pangs of hunger, the sinkings of fatigue, the wrongs 



68 MISSIONS TO THE 

of imprisonment, and the agonies of inail)'rdom. Was not 
David? He had, at least, a niissioriari/ soul : to this cause 
he consecrated the subhme productions of his exahed genius, 
the fire of his ardent imaguiation, and the deepest tones of his 
seraphic harp ; for this he cherished an affection strong in 
death, and breathed the hist prayer he ever otfered — Blessed 
be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be 
filled with his gloru. Amen and amen. Can the demonstrable 
divinity of its origin? And whence did the Missionary cause 
originate, but from the heart of deity ? Is not its object to de- 
velope the purposes of infinite mercy as they regard the salva- 
tion of our fallen Morld ? And did not those purposes exist 
from all eterhiiy in his benevolent bosom ? Is not the plan of 
human redemption, from first to last, his own ? Did not his 
love suggest it, his zcisdom arrange it, his Son accomplish it, 
his earth exhibit it, his angels witness it? does not his Spirit 
apply it? and was not He himself the first Missionary that 
ever visited our globe, when in the shade of the garden, in the 
cool of the day, he preached salvation by Christ, to the guilty 
founders of the human race ? 
2. It is simple. 

The concerns of the Missionary Society are multiplied in- 
deed, and it maintains a correspondence with all the quarters 
of the globe. It must necessarily have recourse to divers me- 
thods for securing the desired end, and employ numerous 
agents for the accomplishment of its designs. A variety of 
talents must be exerted in the cause, and a thousand channels 
must be opened, in which the streams of its heavenly philan- 
thropy may flow. But its object is One: there is no com- 
plexity in the design ; it is characterized by simplicity and 
unity ; so simple that a child may comprehend it— so sublime 
that an angel must approve. Missionaries visit different coun- 
tries and various nations, but they preach the same gospel to 
all : the Esquimaux Indian reads the same Bible with the con- 
verted Brahmin ; and the same Jesus is preached on the banks 
of the Ganges and the Mississippi, whose name re-echoes along 
the shores of the H umber, the Severn, and the Thames. Nor 
is the oi^ject varied according to the sect by whom the gospel 
is preached. I am sure I speak the truth when I say that our 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 6^ 

gbject is not to proseli/te, but to evangelize — not to convert 
to a parti/, but to win bouls to Christ If it be not so, why 
do ibe uienibeis of one Aiissiouary Society gise their sauction 
to another ? If it is the object of a Baptist merely to propa- 
gate the peculiarities of his system, why does he contribute to 
our funds ? And whence is it that our brethren in the esta- 
blishment, in so many instances, not less honourable to them- 
selves, than encounigiiig to us, manifest such a s()ii it of cordi- 
ality and affection, if the forms of that establishment are in- 
dispensible with ihem ? No; this friendly cooperation; this 
union of parties; this merging of lesser points where we differ, 
into the greater on which we are agreed, proves that hi what- 
ever other respects we may be distinct, yet that this object is 
one, and that we are one in its support. Here we realize the 
image of one of our sweetest poets, and are 

" Distinct as tlie billows, yet one as the sea." 

Yes ; we are many and various, and when assembled in our 
respective churches, we appear distinct; but only let the in- 
vitation to a Bible Society be given — let the trumpet be 
sounded for rallying round some Missionary cause, and the 
distinction ceases— the Dissenter ascends to meet his brethren 
in the church, or they to meet their brethren in the meeting- 
house. Nor does any alarming consequences ensue ; neither 
place is polluted, but both are hallowed by the union ; w hilst 
the angels that hover over our assemblies, enamoured with the 
pleasing scene, return to their native heavens, and strike their 
harps to the numbers of that charming song — Behold how 
good and pleasant a thing it is for brethren to dwell together 
in luiity. We do not send Missionaries to propagate human 
creeds, confessions of faith, or systems of divinity, however 
excellent they may be : the Churchman does not take as bis 
text-book, his Seeker or his Tiliotson, nor does the Dissenter 
his Doddridge or his Watts, but both take tie Bible, the 
source and foundation of their common faith, and that un- 
mixed with any thing that is human in the shape of note or 
comment. 1 exult in the Institution for which I have this 
evening the honour to plead, that it has the name of no party 
affixed to it—that it ranks exclusively with no single deno- 



To MISSIONS TO THE 

ruination of the Christian world ; it embraces all who embrace 
the gospel, and elevates as its rall^'ing point, not the symbol 
of a sect, but the banners of the cross. And why may we not 
form ourselves into one well-compacted phalanx, and light 
side by side against the common enemy of God and man ? 
Whilst millions lie gasping, and writhing, and weltering in 
their blood, beneath the dreadful fangs of the infernal fiend, 
dying all around us, and sinking into hell, shall we stand con- 
tending about names, and fighting for fomn 9 God forbid. 
Let us not contend as rivals, or fight separately as compe- 
titors, but let us advance as a confederated host, as faithful 
allies, bound by a sacred and indissoluble bond to each other, 
and mutually pledged never to desert the cause we have 
espoused till death. The children of this world are wiser in 
their generation than the children of light. Let us look for 
a glorious example on the neighbouring continent, in that hal- 
lowed combination of interest and energy by which the liber- 
ties of Europe have been established on the ruins of des- 
potism. We have heard the shout re-echoed, Holland is 
free-— Sp AMU esyree— France is fee! And under such a 
combination in the translation of the scriptures and the 
preaching of the gospel, by the blessing of heaven, the eman- 
cipation of mankind would be soon effected, anH the shout 
would rend the heavens, Europe is free— the world is free ! 
The fetters in which the enemy had bound the human mind 
are broken ; the sceptre is wrested from his infernal grasp. 
Hallelujah ! hallelujah ! The kingdoms of this world are be- 
come the kingdoms of our God and of his Christ, and he shall 
reign for ever and ever. 

3. It is generous and expanded. 

We know no distinction of colour or of clime ; of language 
or of people; except indeed that peculiarity of wretchedness 
is considered as constituting a claim to priority of regard. 
Wherever man is found in ignorance, there it is the design of 
this generous institution to send instruction ; wherever he is 
found in misery, thither it would send relief. Its benevolence, 
generous and diffusive as the genius of the gospel that it pro- 
claims, embraces all that live, and considers every fallen child 
of Adam as possessing a claim on its regard. In the swarthy 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. /I 

child of much-injuied and lonuf-iieglected Africa, it recognizes 
a man and a brother ; gladly would it fold in one warm em- 
brace, the Indian, the Hottentot, and the Hindoo. Those 
nations with whom we have had commerce, or whom it may 
be we have injured, it considers as having a special right to 
the bounty it bestows. I"© either Indies, for iheir rich and 
costly treasures, it presents the pearl of great pi ice, and to the 
once-enslaved African, the glorious liberty of the sons of God. 
To ihe eastern world we are iudi bted for that very gift which 
now 11 behoves us to impart to ihem ; for from the chambers 
of the east arose that Sun of Righteousness uhose meridian 
splendours have gladdened all our land ; in the east too the 
arts tirst flounshed, the sciences were cultivated, and literature 
unfolded her ample stores to adorn society, and captivate the 
hunmn mmd. Scarcely is there a region of the globe to 
which we are not in some way indebted for that which now 
has rendered us the envy of the woild; whilst we ourselves, 
till recent limes have witnessed the enkindling of an honour- 
able zeal, have been the benefactors of none. If other lands 
have received our merchandize, they have been purchased by 
their own more precious stores, whilst many a nation has felt 
the power of our arms, and the pressure of our yoke. But 
Britain is awakening now to justice — the debt which has been 
accumulating for ages, she is about to pay ; she is preparing to 
balance with the world her vast account : and whilst she dis- 
penses justice to those to whom the mighty sum is due, she 
stretches forth the hberal hand of her spontaneous bounty to 
millions who have never heard her name. Oh ! who but 
must look with filial affection upon the land that gave him 
birth! Where will you find such another 'gem on the dark 
bosom of the rolling deep ? What a posture has she lately as- 
sumed amongst the surrounding nations ! Great in arts ; great 
in arms ; but greater far in acts of mercy, and in deeds of 
love ! On the one hand, we have seen lier presiding like a 
guardian genius over the injured rights of an oppressed and 
insulted people, making the hemisphere to echo with her thun- 
der, and affrighting armies with the lightning of her eye ; on 
the other, she feeds with the bread of life, a famished world, 
and illumines far distant nations with pure and heavenly light 



^ 



Jr2 MISSIONS TO THE 

reflected from her shores. A new aera in her history has ar- 
rived. Her Missionaries outvie her merchants in the enter- 
prizes which they undertake, and the hardships they endure ; 
the love of souis has triumphed over the love of wealth, and 
British Missionaries and British Bibles have entered ports 
where vessels laden with British commerce were never seen ! 
Such is the object. I am, 



II. To VINDICATE IT tROM THE CHARGE OF ENTHU- 
SIASM A3VD FOLLV. 

The plans of the Missionary Society have been repre- 
sented as founded on enthusiasm, their prospects as visionary, 
and their agents as spiritual Quixotes. But assertion is not 
proof, ridicule is not argument; and to the sneers of scepti- 
cism, and to the calumnies of infidelity, we present the follow- 
ing considerations, as a vindication of our object, and a war* 
rant for our conduct, 

1 . The miserable condition of the heathen world. 

About six hundred millions of the human race are devoted 
to idolatry. Idolatry is a name with which we are familiar, 
but the thing it signifies is, alas ! but little known. It is true 
that the researches of modern times have unveiled the hideous 
monster more to the contemplation of enlightened minds ; but 
its features are so horrible, and the spliere^of its influence is 
so remote, that^ we are mcredulous. Whence can that va* 
difference which so much prevails to the woes and the vices 
of the heathen world aiise, but from incredulity-^from a se- 
cret disbelief of the statements given .'' Is there a man with any 
pretensions to humanity within these walls, who could repose 
in tranquillity in the bosom of his family, if he knew that thou* 
sands weie dying all around him, the victims of a fell disease to 
which he was conscious that he possessed the antidote? And 
is there, I demai d, a Christian, who, under the constant im- 
pression of the fact that there are six hundred millions of th6 
human race the victims of a misery, a darkness, and a death 
which he, under God, has ihe power to meliorate, to dispel, 
and to avert, can remain perfectly inactive and unconcerned ? 
Impossible. No, Christians; you do not believe the state- 
ment given; you do not believe the numbers to be correct; 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 73 

you do not believe the narrations of travellers to be true : you 
do not believe that heathenism is a system both beastial and 
sanguinary in its character, and that it is hard to say in which 
it exceeds — obscenity or blood : you do not believe that in 
Africa, assassination and murder are treated as mere matters 
of sport, and that in too many instances, the track o^" these 
savages nuiy be traced like that of a beast of prey by the im- 
press of their footsteps in the warm blood of tlieir victims : 
you do not believe that in India thei; religion teaches lliem to 
drown their sick when past recovery — that multitudes offer 
themselves invjolunjary, saci ifices to Gunga, the inhuman god-/ 
dess of the Ganges, and seek amid its remorseless waves, what 
that infatuated people account an honourable grave : you do 
not believe that hundreds throw themselves beneath the wheels 
of that tremendous car on which the fittest emblem of the 
devil that ever was exhibited on earth is borne ; I mean the 
monstrous Juggurnaut, the dying groans of whose victims 
load the sick and sulphurious air, the bones of whose human 
sacrifices blanch the surrounding country, and the obscenity 
of whose worship, were they depicted, would crimson every 
countenance within these walls : you do not believe, that in 
obedience to the dictates of their religion, about S0,000 wi- 
dows are annually burnt upon the funeral pile of their de- 
parted husbands, and that this voluntary immolation is consi- 
dered so much an injunction of religion, that she who should 
refuse obedience, would be universally detested and abhorred. 
I say, all this you do not believe ; and that they are perishing 
by millions, the victims of the grossest superstition that ever 
enslaved the human mind — devoted to the worship of idols 
whose very forms outrage every principle of decency and com- 
mon sense, frightful as fiends, and filthy as beasts, in the con- 
templation of which we feel a strange mixture of ridicule, dis- 
gust, and sorrow ; and that they are sinking into the arms of 
death, ignorant of God, of eternity, of salvation by the blood 
of Christ ? And yet you cannot disbelieve it : the statements 
are delivered with too much accuracy, too much solemnity to 
be false; they are corroborated by the testimony of men mi- 
prejtidiced against the system of which they speak — nay, in 
many cases, your very friends have been spectators of these 

L 



74 MISSIONS TO THE 

horrors; so that you must resist all evidence if you regard 
them as incorrect and false. Good God, then ! and with a 
conviction of their truth, can you be inactive, and yet consent 
to wear the badge of Jesus, and call yourself a Christian ? 
Must we repeatedly solicit by arguments and by entreaties for 
the relief of wretchedness like this, a bounty which, one 
should imagine, would be poured spontaneously from a thou- 
sand channels ? Must we urge you to the performance of a 
debt of justice and humanity, which if denied to objects nearer 
home, would render you infamous ? Who but would be 
ashamed to shew his face abroad, if it were known that he 
had passed in the streets a dying fellow-creature, who, sud- 
denly stricken by the hand of God, in the agonies of dissolu- 
tion, implored his aid ? And are not you who have hitherto 
done nothing for the Missionary cause, ashamed to walk 
abroad amid the universe of God, with the conviction that the 
cries of six hundred millions of the human race have solicited 
your pity, but solicited in vain, and that their agonizing entrea- 
ties and your cold indifference are known alike to Him ? If 
you feel the crimson on your cheek, cherish the hallowed 
principle by which it is enkindled ; it is honourable to huma- 
nity — it is honourable to religion ; and you will now have an 
opportunity to prove, by the liberality of your contributions, 
the sincerity of your repentance, and the depth of your regret. 
Is the Missionary scheme enthusiastic and visionary ? Con- 
sider,' 

2. The means of instruction and amelioration, which rte 
so largely possess. 

Are the heathen ignorant r We possess the very species of 
information which their dark and forlorn conditiou needs- 
knowledge, under the benign and sacred influence of vhich, 
their degradation will be exchanoed for honour — their worse 
than midnight darkness for the cheering light of day— their 
galling fetters and their gloomy prisons for the sweets of li- 
berty — their adoration of infernal deities for the worship of 
the true God — and the rank they at present occupy below 
the brutes that perish, for that of man, immortal in his na- 
ture, sublime in his principles of action, dignified in the asso- 
ciations of his mind^ and godlike in the objects of his pursuits. 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. "Jb 

Are they miserable ? You know that we possess a balm 
that can sooth their anguish, and relieve their pain — can 
staunch the flowing blood, and close their yawning wounds. 
Oil ! what a scene is at this moment present to my view ! I 
perceive before me the tremendous monster, the Moloch of 
the east ; hundreds of thousands of his deluded votaries people 
the surrounding plains, pale and squalled, wasted with torture, ±6^ 
and worn by fatigue ; it seems as if all the hospitals and laza- 
rettos in the world had resigned their sick to grace his melan- 
choly state. Hark! what yells of agony, what groans of 
anguish, what shrieks of pain from hundreds of self-devoted 
victims, whose cries strong in dissolution, even the clang of 
cymbals and the peals of exultation cannot drown! What 
iields are there, strewed with infected human bodies ! They 
are white to the harvest of death ; and this is the scene of 
the grim king of terrors' mightiest triumph— 

" 'Tis the carnival of death, 
'Tis the vintage of the grave." 

This is the joy of demons, the food that feeds the insatiable 
appetite, and gluts the remorseless womb of the infernal pit. 

But it is yours, my brethren, to seize with heaven-enkin- 
dled zeal, the brazen serpent, emblem of the crucified Re- 
deemer, and hurrying with the precious symbol from the 
sanctuary of your fathers, to bear it across the hoary deep, 
which commissioned from on high, shall respect the burden 
you sustain, and waft you with propitious winds, to India's 
gloomy coast ; then boldly leap on shore, rush amongst these 
congregated thousands, lift high the sacred cross, point them 
to the bleeding Saviour, and the dying shall revive and live : 
the vultures that hover over this awful scene shall depart dis- 
appointed of their accustomed prey, and instead of the min- 
gled groans and yells that used to rend the agitated air, the 
anthem of praise shall ascend to Him who came, not to de- 
stroy, but to redeem ! 

That the knowledge of the gospel tends to ameliorate the 
condition of man, I need not stay to prove ; all history demon- 
strates that it does. Christianity viewed in the lowest sphere 
of her operation, and the meanest o^ the blessings which she 



7^ MISSIONS TO THE 

has to give, is the benefactress of human kind. Wherever she 
goes, civilization is her fair attendant; profuse of comfort, 
prodigal of good, the arts and sciences follow in her train. 
She does not delight in dismal solitudes, in bitter privations, 
and severe austerities; she does not overthrow the altars of 
heathens to build ihe ceils of monks. No ; she reigns amid 
well-cultivated lands, fruitful fields, smiling harvests, honour- 
able industry, the useful arts, and whatever can embellish 
and adorn the scenes and relations of social and domestic life. 
The father loves her, for she has made his children dutiful and 
kind ; the child loves her, for she has made the parent afitc- 
tionate and tender. Rudeness and barbarity letiie wherever 
she obtains. The wildest tribes are taught to read and to 
•ibw»; and so much solemnity pervades an assembly of con- 
verted Hottentots, that Mr Campbell declares, that liad he 
shut his eyes, he could have fancied himself in a Christian as- 
sembly in Britain. 

But this is taking the lowest ground, and contemplating 
merely the temporul benetits which Christianity conteis. Yet 
even here we can succesafuily repel the charge of enthusiasm, 
and establish the claims of our institution to the cordial appro- 
bation and support of every friend to social order, every lover 
of mankind. But the object of Missionary exertions assumes 
a far more important aspect, when we consider man as univer- 
sally fallen, polluted, guilty, and undone ; and the gospel as 
exhibiting the only method by which he can be restored to his 
pristine happiness, his long-lost purity, the favour of God, 
and his forfeited heaven. Viewing man as a fallen creature, 
the gospel is a system, and the only system adapted to his 
case ; its divine origin invests it with all that authority which 
a system adapted to such a purpose requires, whilst the proofs 
of its divinity irresistibly commend it to the man's belief. 
The more he contemplates it, the more he perceives its pre- 
cise adaptation to his melancholy state : it is light to the dark- 
ness of his reason; peace to the tumult of his conscience ; joy 
to the anguish of his mind ; hope to the gloom of his despair. 
Is he guilty ? It presents a sufficient Saviour, an atoning sacri- 
fice, a forgiving God. Is he polluted .? It opens up for him 
a fountain for sin and foi uncleanness— a hallowed flood iup- 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 77 

plied from the Redeemer's cross ; where the happy African 
may wash from a polluiion darker than his swaithy skin, 
whilst, in the broken accents of exulting praise, he cries, 

"There is a fountain fil'M with blood, 

Drawn from Emaiiut I's veins, 
And sinners p!unt!,\i beneath that flood, 

Lose all their guilty s'ains 
The dyiiij: thief rejoic'd to see 

Ihat fountain in fiis day, 
And there may /, tho' vde as he, 

Wash all my stains away." 

Is he alienated from God ? at an awful distance from the only 
source of happmess and rest ? Here is a medium of approach, 
a way of access ; the middle wall of partition is broken down— 
the alpine elevations of his guilt are levelled with the dust ; 
the prodigal returns, is freely received, frankly forgiven, and 
restored to die place which once he lield in his heavenly fa- 
ther's family, and never lost from his heavenly father's heart. 
Is he the victim of ignorance and error ? Here then he re- 
ceives the lessons of a heavenly prophet ; the Spirit of God 
becomes his kind instructor, and the untutored savage is made 
wiser than the learned sage, zvise unto salvation Does he 
feel himself the subject of passions that lead him perpetually 
astray from God t That same spirit becomes the inmate of 
his bosom, to subdue his passions, to curb his lusts, to con- 
troLil the will, and sanctify the nature he has first renewed, 
and which shall finally be glorified with Christ. In every 
point of view the gospel meets his case. Is he a sinner ? It 
offers pardon. Is he a debtor? It presents him his discharge. 
Is he a captive ? It gives him liberty. Is he a fallen heir of 
glory? It restores him to his throne, and constitutes him 
again a king and a priest unto God. Is he thirsty ? It is a 
river of life. — Is he weary ? It is a sweet repose. — Is he igno- 
rant? It is a divine instructor.— Is he diseased? It is immor- 
tal health and vigour to his soul. — Is he dying ? It is eternal 
life. This is the prevailing character of its proclamations, the 
general style of its appeal. II o, everij one that thirstelh, come 
ye to the waters ; ,and 1i£ that hath no money y come ye, buy 
and eat, yea, come, buy zcine and milk imtlwut money and 



78 MISSIONS TO THE 

without price. The Spirit and the Bride say, Come, and 
whosoever will, let him come and drink of the water of life 
freely. Come unto me, all that labour and are heaxiy laden, 
and I will give you rest. Turn ye, turn ye ; why will ye die ? 
Yes ; the law is iuliilled — justice is atoned, the divine perfec- 
tions are harmonized in man's redemption, and God is in 
Christ reconciling the vvorl(3 unto himself. 

And shall we confine a system thus adapted and designed 
to bless mankind, equally suited to the wants and miseries of 
all, within the narrow boundaries of our native land ? Shall 
no rocks but those of Britain re-echo with the Saviour's 
name ? Shall these salubrious streams refresh and sanctify no 
soil but ours ? God forbid. Let us pour along the parched 
desarts of the east the waters of life, and teach the echoes of 
Africa to celebrate the Redeemer's praise ; nor let us consider 
our work completed whilst there remains one uninstructed 
mind, or one uncultivated spot upon the globe. 

Consider, in vindication of our object and plan, 

3. The encouragement afforded in the pesent day to Mis- 
sionary exertions. 

This is a work in which God has been ever interested, 
and to which he has been inviting the attention of his people 
by his word for six thousand years ; but now he adds the calls 
of his providence to those of revelation, and awful must be 
the insensibility of that man who cannot perceive the inti- 
mations of his will in both. 

What facilities are afforded by the influence, which, as 
Britons we possess in all parts of the globe ! Scarcely is there 
a solitary spot upon the face of the earth to which we either 
have not or cannot gain access. In our mighty territories in 
the eastern hemisphere how many miUions of tl>e human race 
naturally look up to us for instruction ! And for what pur- 
pose has Britain these facilities afforded her by commerce or 
by war ? Why is it that Providence is taking her by the hand, 
and leading her to the very spots where man, untutored and in 
misery languishes and dies ? Is it that she may be a calm and 
unconcerned spectator of his woes ? No, but that she may 
administer relief — that she may quench the flames of the fu- 
neral pile that surround Calcutta, the seat of her eastern go- 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 79 

vernment, and stay the horrid rites of Juggurnaut by the in- 
troduction and triumphant progress of the gospel of peace. 

What facilities are afforded by the British legislature in 
their recent arrangements for India we all know ; whilst the 
disposition of India herself to receive the gospel is allowed 
on every hand to be most encouraging. Instead of tzventy, 
there is room for ttcentj/ thousand Missionaries in Hindostan, 
and if you will give the Society sufficient money for their 
equipment and support, they will find men, and ensure them 
scenes of abundant and successful labour. 

Consider the facilities afforded by the present state of bi- 
blical knowledge and sacred literature — the attention univer- 
sally excited to the study of languages with a view to the 
translation of the scriptures, and the success by which such 
exertions have uniformly been crowned. The grand secret 
for the preservation and spread of the gospel in heathen 
countries is discovered in the translation of the Bible by 
Missionaries into the languages of the people amongst whom 
they preach. This is planting the tree of life deep in the 
soil, and if it once take root there, the powers of hell can 
never eradicate the principle, or destroy its growth. i\nd it 
seems as though Providence had miraculously endowed men 
for that very purpose. Witness the labours of Carey and 
his noble coadjutors at Serampore — and of our solitary Mor- 
iiisoN at Canton. Morrison ! I pronounce his name with 
greater reverence than that with which my father taught me 
to pronounce the name of Howard — Morrison has un- 
locked the treasures of this blessed book to three hundred 
millions of the human race.— He is the Wickliffe of 
China. The Chinese is a language so hieroglyphical, so fi- 
gurative, so complicated, that it was deemed almost impossible 
to translate out of it hito any other — much less to translate from 
another language into it; but what the learned for ages deemed 
impracticable, Morrison has achieved alone — and by 
making that achievement in the translation of the scriptures, 
he has secured for his name, a renown \\hich time shall 
respect, the decisions of the judgment-day shall fix, and the 
ages of eternity perpetuate. And what shall become of the 
labours of such men as these. They send us specimens of 



80 MISSIONS TO THE 

their work — we admire the neatness of the printin« — we are 
amused by the singularity of the type, and place them in 
drawers or cabniets for the inspection of the curious — and is 
this ail • — is this the only recompense we sive a Morrison 
for his years of solitary and anxious toil r HoI\ — lisin- 
terested man 1 could weep to see thee thus rewarded. — "So ; 
we will give him the reward for which he looks from us, and 
pray for that recompense we cannot give, which he desires 
from heaven. We will lay our offering to-night upon the 
altar of God for the cause he has espoused — and as he at the 
forfeiture of his social comforts and the peril of his life, has 
translated the glorious gospel into the language of so many 
millions of the human race — we will send him some faithful 
and devoted youth to aid in its circulation, and to assiSt in 
publishing through the vast empire of China the glad tidings 
of salvation it conveys. And is there in this assembly no ge- 
nerous pious British youth, whose bosoms glow with ardour 
in the cause of Christ — who pant with unquenchable zeal for 
the salvation of souls — who are ambitious of bearing the glo- 
rious tidings to millions of their ignorant, perishing brethren 
of mankind. Let them come forth this night, and here, in the 
sanctuary of their fathers, solemnly dedicate themselves to the 
all-important work ; with zeal equal to that of the youthful 
Hannibal, but enkindled by a purer flame, let them swear 
eternal enmity to the prince of darkness, and inviolable at- 
tachment, and devotion unto death, to the cause of Jesus and 
the souls of men !— 

4. The general characters of the age in which we live, 
viewed in connection with scripture prophecy. 

I tremble, as I stand upon the threshold of a subject so 
profound as that involved in the sentiment I have just uttered. 
r am aware how difficult it is to interpret and apply the pro- 
phecies that remain to be fulfilled. But surely 1 may, with- 
out the charge of presumption be allowed to say, that if there 
ever were times in which the prophecies appeared, even to the 
most indifferent 9bserver to be fulfilling, they are the present, 
and that too, immediately in connexion with the diffusion of 
knowledge and the spread of the gospel. God has recently been 
seen, rising from his seat to shake terribly the nations — but it 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 81 

has chiefly been those nations that have drunk the blood of 
the saints and been guilty of an unholy monopoly of his pre- 
cious word. ,And much as war is to be deprecated as l\ie 
child of lust, the scourge of heaven, the fruitful parent and 
the fostering nurse of miseries and crimes— yet to many coun- 
tries she has been the harbinger of better days, and from her 
teeming womb of agony and horror, good of the purest and 
the noblest order has been elicited to man. Her thunders 
which have convulsed the earth, have been followed by the 
small still voice of mercy. Bibles and religious tracts, like 
swift-winged messengers of love, have pursued the course of 
hostile armies, and soothed the wounded, and the dying in 
their pain — whilst the tree of life sheds its luxuriant foliage, 
its delicious fruit, its refreshing shade, over many a desolated 
land, and its fair and immortal leaves are for the healing of the 
nations. And was there ever any illustrious aera fixed in the 
decrees of heaven, and published in the sacred records to man- 
kind, that was not ushered in by some such revolutions and 
convulsions, as mark the days in which we live ? But whilst 
all in the political world teems with wonder — whilst tyrants, 
the victims of unbounded ambition, have been unconsciously 
fulfilling the divine decrees — whilst the groans of slaughtered 
thousands have reached us from afar, who has not turned 
with rapture to Great Britain — the Missionary, the Bible So- 
ciety, the instructress of the globe, the ark of freedom, the 
asylum of liberty, the couch on which outcast mouarchs may 
recline at ease ? Who does not cherish the delightful hope 
that God is about to make Great Britain, by her Bibles and 
her Missionaries, the herald to prepare the way for the second 
coming and universal reign of the Messiah i — She is borne, a 
stalely vessel, on the bosom of the mighty ar:d die mingled 
stream of universal affairs towards that glorious crisis whither 
all is tending, and in which the designs of the Eternal, as they 
regard this world of ours, shall terminate. The stream is 
strong; the billows are furious; and the tempests high. Cata- 
racts and rapids are in her course — but she carries Christ— she 
is fraught with Bibles— she is manned with Missionaries — her 
business is to touch at every port, and leave a portion of her 
precious cargo there— 'till every kindred and every clime— 'till 

* M 



82 MISSIONS TO THE 

every rock and every vale re-echo with the shont-— Behold 
the Lamb of God, that taketh aieay the sin of the zeorld. 

That the prophecies are with us cannot be disputed for a 
moment. They constitute the basis of our confidence, the 
grand stimuhis to labour. Is it not written in this volume as 
with a sun beam, The knowledge of the Lord shall cover the 
earth, as the waters cover the sea? What means this pro- 
phetic appeal to the church ? Arise, shine, for thy light is 
come and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. For be- 
hold darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peo- 
ple : But the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be 
seen upon thee. And the gentiles shall come to thy light and 
kings to the brightness of thy rising. Lift tip thine eyes 
round about and see: all they gather themselves together^ 
they come to thee : thy sons shall come from afar, and thy 
darighters shall be nursed at thy side. Was uot the heathen 
promised to the Redeemer for his inheritance, and the utter- 
most parts of the earth for his possession ? And did not this 
assurance sustain him, amid the agonies of Gethsemane ; the 
insults of the judgment-hall ; the ignominy of the cross, 
JVhen thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall 
see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the 
Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail 
of his soul, and shall be satisfied? And what will satisfy 
him ? Will the handful that now bear his name — the partial 
triumphs, which in these days his gospel has achieved ? — No ; 
his benevolent heart pants with still unsatisfied desires — he 
cannot rest, he will not cease to intercede 'till he has encom- 
passed all mankind in his wide embrace. As yet his converts 
are not numerous as the stars, and like the dew ; they are but 
as the big and heavy drops which precede the summer's 
shower. But if tliese prophecies be unfulfilled, we surely 
see the dawn of their accomplishment. Wide as at pre- 
sent is the reign of Satan, and confused and disordered as 
things may seem, yet even now a stupendous plan is in 
operation by which his triumphs are gradually contracting, 
and that anarchy subsiding into harmony and order. Embo- 
somed amid the waters of a moral deluge, we have attained 
this evening a glorious elevation. All around us the waters 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 83 

are subsiding. The lops of the mountains are already seen 
glowing in the meridian beams of the sun of righteousness, 
above the dark and agitated sea, whilst from the pillar of pro- 
phecy, unshaken by the storm, we mark with rapture the rising 
of a new and renovated world. We look for new heavens and 
a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness. 

5. Tlie express command of Christ and the example of our 
forefathers. 

I shall not insult you by dwelling on the first particular, as 
though you needed to be informed that the last and the most 
imperative and solemn, because it was the last command of 
the ascending Saviour was, Go ye into all the rcorld, and 
preach the gospel to every creature. And as for the example 
of our forefathers — you know that the cause I plead is not 
the novelty of the hour, the offspring of a day, the scheme of 
modern and enterprising times. You know that it was a 
cause dear to them, as it can be to us — a cause in which they 
spent their lives, their possessions, their liberties, their blood. 
You know that they served it whilst they lived^ and tliat they 
committed it to us in death, with a solemn chaige to support 
it to the last farthing of our property, the last hour of our ex- 
istence, the last drop of our blood — And will you desert it ? 
No ; by the blood of your ancestors ; by the sepulchres of 
your fathers; by the ashes of Whitiield, on whose dust 1 
seem to tread ; by the agonies of Christ— -you shall not ; you 
dare not ; you rcill not ! Ye ministering spirits that hover 
over our assembly, bear the resolution of this people to the 
court of heaven. Tell it to apostles and martyrs — tell it to 
SwARTz and Van deu Kemp — tell it to Cran aiwl to Des 
Granges — for if their bliss can be heightened by tidings 
from this world of ours, this is the information that will best 
promote their joy ! 

Such then is the Missionary cause, and such are the argu- 
ments by which it is supported. I am 

III. To plead with your BEiNEVOLENCE ON ITS 

BEITALF. But, perhaps, there are some who have fortified 
themselves against every appe;il that may be made to their ge- 
nerosity, by certain objectiojjs to the object on whose behalf 

* M 2 



84 MISSIONS TO THE 

1 plead; and 'till these opposing walls are levelled with the 
ground, not a mite can be expected from them for the Mis- 
sionary cause. What then have you to urge against us — we 
stand now at your tribunal, and will endeavour to answer to 
the charge you may prefer. 

1. Our ozcn country zcants evangelizing — that is true 
enough, and a melancholy truth it is — then charity you say be- 
gins at home, Alas ! 1 have found for the most part that 
where this old adage has been used, it is as an excuse for parsi- 
mony ; and that in such cases charity rarely begins at all. Tell 
me honestly, do you really apply every guinea which you 
refuse, on this principle, to foreign objects, to some plan of 
Christian benevolence nearer home ? And is your own neigh- 
bourhood, yoiu" own church, your own Sunday-school, so much 
the gainer ? If not, to urge such an excuse is to be guilty of 
deceit and robbery — deceit to man, and robbery to God. 

Much has been said of late about home missions, and 
that we should convert the heathen in Britain, ere we at- 
tempt to convert Hottentots and Hindoos. But has not every 
county in the empire, its home mission, its association for 
the spread of the gospel, to which you already do, or ought 
immediately to subscribe ; and are not the pages of the 
Evangelical Magazine every month crowded with accounts of 
the proceedings and successes of such domestic missions ? 

But are we to remain at home, nor ever bear the gospel 
to a foreign clime 'till all the inhabitants of Britain are con- 
verted r Was it thus that the apostles acted ; Alas ! had 
they staid in Judea till all their countrymen had embraced 
Christianity — this day-spring from on high had never visited 
our isle, but we should probably have been in the same forlorn 
condition with the miserable tribes, whose wietchedness we 
commiserate, and whose darkness we are anxious to dispel. 
Our native land must have our first regard — and having 
planted here the tree of life, we must bear the immortal 
plant to distant lands, and fix it in every foreign soil. 

2,, The Bible is sujjicient. May 1 be allowed to ask— 
Who is to tramlate the Bible into tlie various languages 
of the earth ? — Missionaries, who by residing in the different 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 85 

regions of the world leani its several tongues. Did the 
translation of the scriptures ever connnence with vigour 'till 
Carey went to India, and Morrison to Canton .' 

Who is to take the Bible wheii translated'^ — Missionaries 
must; merchants will not; they have other goods with which 
to freight their vessels, and other business to transact in 
foreign ports. 

Who is to excite attention to it when taken? — Mission- 
aries ; or else God by a miracle. But as God has ceased to 
work by miracle, the most probable method of rousing the 
attention of the thoughtless heathen to the precious volume, is 
the faithful, animated preaching of devoted Missionaries. 

Hho is to explain and enforce it when that attention is 
excited? — Missionaries. In fact, we must either have Mission- 
aries, or miracles — and I will leave you to judge which of the 
two classes of instruments we are most likely to obtain. I 
will ask (and no one will charge me with disati'ection to that 
noble institution by the demand) would the Bible Society 
ever have existed without the Missionary Society ; and if the 
cause of missions should universally sink, could it live? 
Breathe it might, but it would be its native air ; it would in- 
hale no foreign breeze ; and act it might, but it would be on 
a narrow and contracted scale. 

With respect to' any objection, as to the application of 
the funds, I refer you to the printed reports, where they are 
all answered, one should imagine to the satisfaction of every 
reasonable mind. 

And now is there still an objector in this assembly? If 
there be, let him rise. Pardon me, my reverend fathers and 
brethren who surround me ; your cause is bad if it will not 
stand this test. I wait the objector's charge r — What none? 
— ^Then I congratulate you, ye Directors of this noble Insti- 
tution ; to be approved by so many thousands as are here as- 
sembled must be animating to your minds— I congratulate 
myself; my work is done. I meant to plead — but I am sur- 
rounded by friends ; you are all true men to the cause \ have 
this night espoused, and to attempt to plead with you would be 
only to insult your understandings and your hearts. 

Now then for your liberal contributions. You will givt? 



86 MISSIONS TO THE 

like mett'^U is the cause of humanity. Were the shade of 
Howard to rise, and take the place I at present occupy, 
how would he command the silence and the veneration of this 
vast assembly ! But mean as 1 am, I stand to-night the re- 
presentative of greater philanthrojiists than he. In me behold 
a VVkay, a Morrison, a Gordon, and a Campbell, each 
pleading for his own — the swarthy negro, the idolatrous Chi- 
nese, the savage Hottentot, the self-tortured Hindoo. How- 
ard only soothed the sufferer's present pain, and gave him 
perishable bread ; but these divine philanthropists impart the 
reviving waters of the well of Bethlehem, and give the bread of 
everlasting life. O sainted Van der Kemp ! might thy gen- 
tle spirit be allowed to leave for one short hour the realms of 
bliss, with what rapture would I sit at thy feet, to hear thee plead 
with this assembly the cause that employed thy labours when 
on earth, and now wakes to ecstacy thy harp in heaven.— -Did 
I say it was the cause of humanity .'' O yes! there are feel- 
ings in the female bosom which tell you that it is. You 
weep over the melancholy condition in which your sex is found, 
wherever heathenism triumphs. Prove then your benevolent 
feelings to be genuine, and for every tear-drop, drop a mite 
to aid in relieving the misery you mourn,— We must have 
your support.— This Institution has the strongest claims on 
you, for wherever its influence prevails, the wrongs, the indig- 
nities, the tortures inflicted on your gentle nature in heathen 
lands are redressed, and woman is elevated to the rank the 
great Creator destined her to fill.— You will all give like 
Britons, 'tis your country's cause. — What is it that adorns, 
dignifies, defends us ?— -The Gospel ; the Bible ; the Sabbath ; 
the spirit of benevolence and christian zeal that glows on our 
altars, and breathes throughout our land — these will render us 
invincible, when fleets and armies are of no avail.— This is 
the salt that will save the mass from putrefaction, though all the 
nations should lie rotting and dismembered round us.— Why 
did the destroying angel pass us by, when he marched in ter- 
ror through the neighbouring continent ; — he saw upon our 
clifl^s the sacred symbols of Jehovah's presence, and retired. 
The Missionary Society, the Bible Society, the Tract So- 
ciety,— these are the true palladium of our liberty, and the 



HEATHEN VINDICATED. 8/ 

invulnerable ramparts of our Isle. And if we rallied round 
them in time of war ; and when oppressed with its burdens, 
displayed in their support a liberality which amazed the 
world, what shall we not do on the happy return of peace— 
when wealth will again pour her tide to our shores, and 
every facility will be afforded for the distribution of our 
bounty ? Peace, like an angel, is seen hovering over the neigh- 
bouring cliffs, and beckoning to Britain, she says, the way is 
open— go ye into all the zoorld, and preach the gospel to every 
creacure. You have fed the famished Germans, whose bread 
rapacious armies had devoured ; now listen to the cries of 
dying millions, who perish for lack of the bread of life ; and 
feed with heavenly food a starving world. You will give 
like Christians, *tis the cause of Christ — What means 
that hollow groan ? — It issues from the cross. — But what 
illustrious sufferer dies on that accursed tree ?— Whence his 
unprecedented agony, and that mysterious utterance of more 
than mortal woe : — My God, my God, zohy hast thou forsaken 
me? 'Tis noon — but 'tis awfully dark — the conscious ground 
heaves as with the throes of an untimely birth— -the veil of 
the temple is rent by invisible hands. — Oh, 'tis the Lord of 
glory dies— the Son of God expires for man. — Christian, 
this sight of Calvary shall be our argument with you to-nigh i— 
Our plea shall flow to you, mingled with the blood that 
trickles from his hands and feet, and issues from his wounded 
side.— ' Twas he that bade you, Go into all the world, and 
preach the gospel to every creature. — And if his cries, his 
tears, his agony, his ignominy, his blood, will not enforce his 
own command— 'twould be an insult on his sufferings in me to 
attempt to intercede. 



Mr. Raffles particularly requests the reader to correct the fol- 
lowing errata in his sermon, for which his distance from the press 
will, he trusts, be deemed a sufficient apology. 



Page 62, line 6 from the bottom, for " truth" read " trust." 

.... 64, • • • • 2 between " martyrs" and " of the 

human race" place a semicolon. 
■ • • • 73, 15 • • Tj^*,* after " incredulous" insert " of the 

.. one, and indiflerent to the other." 

.-•• 73, ••••11, for "involuntary sacrifices" read "in voluntary sa- 
crifice." 
.... 76, ....14, for " to adore" read " work." 
• • . • 78, • . • . 12, for " sanctify" read " fructify." 



The Gloi'v of God revealed. 



A SERMON 

PREACHED BEFORE 

THE MISSIOMAIRY SOCIETY, 

AT 

TOrrENHAM COURT CHAPEL, 
On Thursday Evening, May 12, 1814, 

BY THE 

REV. D. M'INDOE, M. A. 

of newcastle-upon-tyne. 

Isaiah xl. 5. 
And the glory of the. Lord shall he revealed. 

The occasion upon which we are now assembled, has given 
rise to my reading of these words, than which few perhaps 
are better fitted to form the subject of a Missionary sermon. 
Were the abihties of the speaker adequate to the riches and 
extent of this subject, what a discourse might you not expect ! 
But who is sufficient for these thiiigs i What tongue of angels 
or men, cherubim or seraphim? Jf by Gabriel himself, who 
stands in the presence of God, endowed wuh such vast intel- 
lectual capacities, and adorned with such shining moral excel- 
lence, the half cannot be told, how utterly unquaiitied must 
the speaker find himself for such an import ant service, and 
say with Moses, " Lord, I cannot speak ; send, Lord, by the 
hand of him whom thou wilt send r" But blessed be God that 
our sufficiency is of Him who can do far more exceeding 

N 



^K 



90 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

abundantly Ul)ove and beyond what we are able to ask of 
think. Will you then bear with me while I shall attempt, in 
discoursing upon this subject, through divine assistance, to 
show you, in the lirst place, what we are to understand by ihe 
glory of the Lord ; Secondly, where this glory shall be re- 
vealed ; and then conclude with some application adapted to 
the purpose of our present meeting. And while thus em- 
ployed, God grant that you may be blessed with the hearing 
ear, the undei-standing heart, and the speaker wilh the power 
of gentle, but pleasing and irresistible persuasion ! 

According to the plan proposed, I am, First, to shew you 
what we are to u.iderstand by the glory of the Lord. 

As there is no object more frequently presented to our 
view in the sacred page than the divine glory, so there is 
none perhaps concerning which we are more apt to form mis- 
taken notions 5 this should therefore make us diligent and 
cautious in our enquiries upon this point, and render our deci- 
sions the result, not of rashness, but of the most mature deli- 
beration. What then are we tP understand by the glory of the 
Lord ? Is it the divine nature and glorious essence whereby 
Jehovah is what he is, infinitely blessed and transccndtialy 
glorious in himself, and comprehended by none but himself, 
who what he was, he is, and.what he is, be will be; from ever- 
lasting to everlastin'g the same, in his being aitd pesfections 
infinite, eternal, and unchangeable f Impossible! for of such 
grand discoveries in our present state we are incapable, and 
if granted, would be to us rather baneful than beneficial : " no 
man hath seen God at any time ;"■—'' he only hath immor- 
tality, and dwelleth in that light which is inaccessible and full 
of glory; — " he is the King eternal, immoital, and invisible 4" 
and as he said to Moses, " no man can see my face and live." 
Are we, then, by this, to understand some splendid luminoils 
object, the brightness of which surpasses that of the mid-day 
sun, striking, attracting, and commanding the attention, and 
dazzling the eye of every beholder ? The idea is fitted only to 
the grovellino; genius of a carnal Jew, but not to the sublime 
nature and spirituality of the Christian dispensation. As under 
the ancient economy, sensible appeanmces were very common, 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 9I 

and often accompanied the immediate presence of Jeliovah, 
the an:>el of the covenant, on this account they are spoken 
of and represented by the language of the text, Exod. xxiv, 
16, 17. " And the glori/ of the Lord abode upon mount 
Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days, and the seventh day 
he called unto Moses out of the inidst of the cloud ; and the 
sight of the glory of ihe Lord was like devouring fire on the 
top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel." 
'Jlierefore tlie ark is styled tfie ii;/o)y, and when. God per- 
mitted the ark to be taken, it was said, " Ichabod (the gl'Ori/) 
is departed." — '" He gave his strength into captivity, and his 
glorif into the enemy's hand." Psalm Ixxviii. 61. The cloud 
that tilled the temple at its dedication is expressly styled " the 
glory of the Lord, which filled the house of God." 

As before the incarnation, heaven and earth began to 
shake, that only those things which cannot be shaken might re- 
main, that is, that those things which were to cease might come 
to an end ; all sensible appearances came to a close. The 
shechinah, the symbol of die divine presence, that bright lu- 
minous cloud suspended between the cherubims, and above 
the mercy-seat, has long since totally disappeared. 

What then are \^e to understand by Use glory of God.? In 
answer to this, suffer ine to ask you, what do you mean by 
the glory of a man? Is it not some excellent and honourable 
qualitv, whereby he is distinguished from, and raised above all 
his fellow-creatures ? The glory of a wise man is the display 
of his wisdom — the glory of a mighty man is the display of 
his strength : by the first, the one is raised above and distin- 
guished from the rude and illiterate tribes ; by the second, the 
other is raised above the inexperienced, timid, and unsuc- 
cessful general, by virtue of his superior skill in military 
tactics. Any excellent quality found in the creature, in a 
finite degree, is to be found in the Creator, in an infinite de- 
gree. By the glory of the Lord, therefore, must be meant, 
not the excellent attributes of his nature only, but the degree 
thereof, whereby he is distinguished fiom, and raised infinitely 
above all his creatuies and all his works. This is not all ; it 
also includes the united display and operations thereof. We 
all know that the glory of the bright king of day docs not con- 



92 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

sist in being merely a body of light and heat; this he is in 
himself when his rays at the dawn of day gild the tops of the 
mountahis — amidst the surly blasts of dreary winter, by which 
his beauteous beams are shorn — nay, in the dark and dreary 
hour of night, when to us invisible ; but his glory is the most 
clear, full, and pleasing display of his strength in his meridian 
brightness. So the divine glory is not the possession of his 
excellent attributes in an infinite degree, but the display thereof 
in their utmost extent and harmony. 

This is evident from the reply which God gave to the re- 
quest of Moses : " I beseech thee show me thy gloi7 ; and 
he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and 1 
will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee, and will be 
gracious to wliom I w ill be gracious, and will show mercy to 
whom I will show mercy." Exod. xxxiii. 1 8, 19- " And the 
Lord descended in a cloud, and proclaimed his name, the 
Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, 
and abundant in goodness and truth." Exod. xxxiv. 5, 6, 7. 
And therefore it is that in scripture " the name of the Lord" 
is often put for the manifestation of his excellent attributes, in 
their utmost extent, perfection, and harmony. " They who 
know thy name, will put their trust in thee." — " The name of 
the Lord is a strong tower," to which the righteous run, and 
are safe. " Some trust in horses, and others in chariots, but 
we will trust in the name of the Lord, and in his name we 
will display our banners." This is also evident from the 
events to which our text originally and ultimately refer ; the 
first was the rescue of Israel's enslaved tribes from the Baby- 
lonish captivity ; the second was the redemption of spiritual 
Israel from the servitude of sin, Satan, death and hell, by the 
cross of Christ. In the one, which was typical of the other, 
the glory of divine power was chietiy displayed ; but in 
the other, the display of all the divine perfections, which infi- 
nitely surpassed the former, and is therefore called " the glory 
that excelleth." The application of this passage to John the 
Baptist, Christ's harbinger, shows this to be no forced inter- 
pretation. As the light of the morning on the top of the 
mountains indicates the new-born day, the appearance of the 
Baptist, like the morning star, proclaims that the Sun of 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 93 

Righteousness was just about to arise and bless the world 
with the noon-day of more glorious discoveries. Then the 
light of the moon should be as the light of the sun, and the 
light of the sun as the light of seven days. Seven being the 
number of perfection, denotes how complete and unparalleled 
this display of divine excellence should be. Hence the incar- 
nation is styled " the day-spring from on high visiting us, to 
give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God." 
And Christ is styled " the light of the world," and " the 
true light, which enlighteneth every man that comelh into it : 
the brightness of his Father's glory, and the express image of 
his person." And men are said to have " beheld his glory 
the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace 
and truth." And Christ himself said to Philip, " He that 
hath seen me, hath seen the Father." Now, since we have 
discovered this grand object, let us consider what is here said 
concerning it, " it shall be revealed." 

This was the Second thing proposed in our plan — Where 
this glory shall be revealed. All divine revelation is either 
immediate or mediate. An immediate revelation is that by 
which God makes himself known to man without the inter- 
vention of man. A mediate revelation is the conveyance of 
the counsels of God to man by means or by men. By the 
first, God spake unto the prophets ; by the second, unto us, 
by them. Thus the saving character of God shall be revealed. 

I. In tlie sacred scriptures. 

Owing to what but the possession of these was it, that the 
Jews as a nation, were so long a peculiar, distinguished, and 
honoured people ? " He gave his statutes to Jacob, his com- 
mandments and judgments to Israel ; he hath not dealt so with 
any nation." What advantage then had the Jews? Much 
every way unto them belonged the adoption, the glory, the 
covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the 
promises; and of them concerning the flesh, Christ came, 
who is over all God blessed for ever." And on this account, 
it might be said of them, " Happy art thou, O Israel ; who 
is a people like unto thee r" The Old Testament was ori- 
ginally written in Hebrew, the language of that people ; 
during the long period of four thousand years, this excluded 



94 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

every other nation from rea[)ing any advanrage thereby, and 
enabled them to enjoy a monopoly of its blessings. About 
fifty or sixty years after Alexander had conquered the v orid, 
and set up the Greek empire, and about one hundred and 
twenty years after Malachi had completed the canon of the 
Old Testament in its original, this was translated iilo the 
Greek language, a language then commonly understood by 
the Gentiles. 

As this is the first translation ever made of the scriptures, 
of which we have any credible account, commonly called the 
Septuagint, or the translation of the Seventy, this was the first 
beam of hope that dawned upon the Gentile world, so this is a 
prelude of the manner in which it should arise upon all other 
nations ; and what is it that ranks us so high in the scale of 
nations and above the Romish churches ? but that we possess 
the word of God in our own vernacular tongue, that he who 
runneth may read. What is it that distinguisheth us from hea- 
then nations ? Is it the number of their gods, goddesses, or 
devils ? Is it their temples, priests, altars, incense or idols ? 
No ! but it is, that " unto us the word of this salvation is 
sent." And is it not by Missionary exertions, that light is to 
arise upon them that now sit in darkness? Are not the 
scriptures now translating into the languages of Asia, and have 
we not heard of a press established at Calcutta for the purpose 
of printing them ? Has not our Brother Morrison com- 
pleted the Chinese New Testament? Are not the sacred 
scriptures now translating into about fifty different languages ? 
If the same zeal which introduced this century shall run 
parallel with its years, who can tell how soon the scriptures 
may be translated, printed, and circulated in all the languages 
of the earth ; and then " the knowledge of the Lord shall 
cover the earth, as the waters fill the channels of the deep." 
Is it through the medium of the understanding, that God 
reaches the heart ? then shall they " arise and shine when 
their light is come, and the glory of the Lord is arisen u[>on 
them." " And they shall be a people of a pure language and 
shall be turned unto the Lord." As by the confusion of 
tongues God once scattered his enemies, so by these transla- 
tions he will again gather the dispersed of Israel into one, 



THE GLORY OF COD REVEALED. C|5 

even unto Christ. It must be allowed, that men might by the 
improvemenl ot reason aud the sagacity uf their own minds, 
discover much not only of the lapsed condition of mankind, 
but of the necessity of tnoral purity in order to tlieir felicity ; 
but the way to obtain the remission of their sms, peace of 
conscience, and acceptance in the divine sight, they could 
never discover. What had nature taught the Gentiles ? 
If you find lessous of morality that might help to legulate; 
their lives for the future, yet that could not atone for past 
guik, far less biighten their hopes with the assured prospects 
of immortality. Where is the Pagan philosopher, or le- 
gislator, that ever spake upon these important subjects like 
the sacred scriptures r Cicero, Seneca, or Socrates could not 
tell V, ho God was. Though man is endowed with superior 
dignity of understanding and of character, yet he was not 
able to devise a revelation, not to say a spiritAial religion. At 
what learned school of Athens, Greece, or Rome did the 
trembling sinner ever receive a satisfactory answer to these 
heart-rending questions ? Wherewith shall 1 come before the 
Lo) d r or W hat shall 1 do to be saved ^ Though in the fair vo- 
lume of the creation God has described so much of his wis- 
dom, goodness and power, yet it is too faint and obscure, too 
short and imperfect, to point out the w ay which leads to ever- 
lasting happiness Unless then the same God which made 
man's soul at tirst had kimily condescended to shew him the 
way for his recovery, as he was m a degenerate, so he would 
have been in a desperate condition ; but the same benignity 
which displayed itself by giving being to the soul of man, 
has in a superior degree enhirged the discoveries of itself, by 
making known the way whereby he may be again taken into 
the divine favour. What the pillar of cloud and fire were to 
the Israelites, «*uch the scriptures are to us. Can we drink 
of the water of life, but as it runneth from beneath the throne 
of God ? Can we eat the bread of life, unless given unto us 
fooin above ? M ust not heathen lands see " the glory of the 
Lord revealed unto them," when they have these sure words 
of the book sent unto them, by which they are reclaimed 
from their bewildered steps, and prevented from further 
following their own vain imaginations ; from hunting up and 



96 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

down the world for a path which leads to heaven. The 
volyuie of inspiration is the compass directing them so to 
steer their course as to escape spHtting upon the rocks of 
open impiety or of being swallowed up in the quicksands of 
earthly delight. Here they learn not only what shelves and 
rocks they must avoid, but also what particular course they 
must follow, what star they must keep in their eye, what 
compass they must observe, what M'inds and gales they must 
pray for and expect, if they would at last arrive at eternal 
bliss. What more could a God of infinite goodness promise, 
or the soul of man desire f A reward is here promised to 
those who have no merit to deserve it. Not onl} glorious but 
eternal, infinitely transcending the deserts of the receiver, yet 
highly discovering the infinite goodness of the giver. Go 
then. Missionaries go, and open unto them that field in 
which is hid the pearl of great price. Natural historians have 
observed, that some pearls are worth a kingdom, but tell 
them that this pearl of great price is worth more than all the 
kingdoms of this earth, as it pays an infinite debt, and procures 
an eternal inheritance. May their astonished eyes deeply 
affect their wondering hearts, and with Moses on another oc- 
casion may they say, " We will turn aside and behold this 
great sight." O blessed word, thou convertest the soul, enlight- 
ening the eyes, rejoicing the heart, and giving wisdom to the 
simple ! by thee may this hard heart of mine be melted, these 
corrupt affections sublimated, these thoughts, words, actions, 
sanctified ; and may we all behold with open face as in a glass, 
the glory of the Lord, and be changed into the same image 
from glory to glory, as by the spirit of the Lord. 

2dly. The glory of the Lord shall be revealed, by the 
PREACHING of the everlasting gospel. Though the hea- 
vens declare the glory of the Lord, and the firmament 
sheweth forth his handy works, I cannot think the sun, 
moon, and stars, are such powerful and itinerant preachers, 
as to unfold to us the whole counsel of God. No; nor any 
part thereof. It is not every star in the firmament, that can 
do that which the star once did to the wise men from the 
east, leading them unto Christ. The best astronomer will 
never find the day-star from on high among the rest of his 



THE GLORY OF GOD ' REVEALED. 97 

number, what Augustine said of Tullv's works is true of the 
whole volume of the creation; fhere are admirable thh)gs to be 
found in them, but the name of Christ is not legible there. 
Tiie work of redemption is not engraven on the works of provi- 
dence; otherwise a divine revelation had been unnecessary; 
and the apostles were sent on a needless errand, which the 
world could have understood without their preaching, " that 
God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself; and 
hath committed unto tliern the ministry of reconciliation.' 
And the apostles' enquiry elsewhere might have been spared, 
or at least easily ans-.vered, — " how shall they hear without a 
preacher r" for dien might they have known the way of salva- 
tion, without any special messenger being sent to deliver it 
unto them. But are we not told, that this salvation began 
at " first to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto 
us by them that heard him, God also bearing them witness 
both with signs and wonders, by divers gifts and miracles of 
the Holy Ghost. Are we not told that God \Aho at sundry 
times and in divers manners, s^ake in time past unto the 
fadiers by the prophets hath in these last days spoken unto us 
by his Son." Heb. i. 1, 2. The Lord spake the word and 
great was the company of the preachers. In anticipation 
thereof, the prophet Isaiah pathetically exclaims, " How 
beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who 
bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace, that bring- 
eth tidings of good ; that publisheth salvation, that sayeth 
unto Zion thy God reigneth." That this is descriptive 
of the publication of the gospel is evident from its appli- 
cation to the tirst preachers thereof. Romans x. 14, 15. 
Hence it is that God is said to have raised up his servants 
and sent them to shew unto men the way of salvation. But 
when thus sent were they at liberty to use the pencil of fancy 
in describing whatever a lively imagination might suggest.? 
No; they were commanded to address the people saying, 
" Thus saith the Lord ;" " the word of the Lord came unto 
me, saying, Hear ye the word of the Lord." " When Christ 
sent out the Seventy, was it not to preach the gospel of the 
kingdom ? For this purpose did he not choose the twelve, 
found the college of the apostles, and command them to 

o 



98 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

preach the gospel to every creature, begiuinug at Jerusalem ; 
that bloody city, that slaughter-house of the prophets, where 
dwelt the murderers of the Son of God; yes, they who first 
smote the rock of Israel were hivited to druik hrst of its 
healiug streams. Was not the apostle Paul " a chosen vessel, 
to bear Christ's name before the Gentiles and kings, and the 
children of Israel r" Acts ix. ]5, 16. And in what way does 
he execute his commission: Is it by trying the power of 
moral suasion upon men ? Is it by a chain of close and un- 
answerable argument ? Did he avail himself of the eloquent 
address and polite literature of the age of which he was so 
eminently possessed or whatever elegant erudition he had 
acquired in the school of Gamariielr Does he not lay it 
aside, and " preach the unsearciiable riches of Christ i"" 
" Not in words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which 
the Holy Ghost teacheth. Not as pleasing man, but God 
who searcheth the heart r" What office so important, so ho- 
nourable, so deliglitful, and so useful as this ? How dry and 
sapless are all the voluminous discourses of philosophers, in 
comparison with this sentence, " This is a faithful saying and 
worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the 
world to save sinners, even the chief thereof." How unsa- 
tisfactory are all the discoveries they had of God and his 
goodness, in comparison of what we have by the gospel of 
Christ; well might Paul then say, that he determined " to 
know nothing but Christ and him crucified ; Christ crucified is 
the library, which triumphant souls will be studying to all 
eternity; as he is " die true God and eternal life," " this is 
life eternal to ki.ovv God and Christ Jesus whom he hath 
sent," This is that alone, which cures the soul of all its mor- 
tal maladies and deadly distempers. Other knowledge makes 
men giddy and flatulent, this settles and composes them ; 
other knowledge is apt to swell men into high conceits and 
opinions of themselves, this makes them think soberly ; other 
knowledge leaves men's hearts as it found them, sometimes it 
makes them worse, this alters and makes them better ; the 
value of all odier knowledge can easily be ascertahied, but the 
value of this cannot be told ; " the price of which is above 
that of rubies of gold, yea the most fine gold." Such tran- 
scendent excellence did the apostle Paid behold in the know- 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 99 

ledge of Christ crucified above the sublimest speculations of tlie 
world ; that he exclaimed, " God forbid that I should glory, 
save in the cross of our Lord Jesu^Christ." And well he might, 
as herein natures the most opposite are united, interests 
otherwise the most jarring, and divine attributes the most dis- 
cordant, are reconciled. A? here we behold united, deity and 
dust; .majesty and meanness; life and death ; so here centre 
the interests of the Creator and the creature, the sovereign 
and the subject, heaven and eaitfi, time and eternity— here 
grace and mercy have met together , rij^hteoiisness and peace 
have embraced each other— spotless justice, incomprehensible 
wisdom, and infinite love, here shine altogether and all at 
once. Here they mingle their beams, and shine with united 
and eternal splendor. No where does justice appear so aw- 
ful, mercy so amiable, or wisdom so profound. This is the 
noon-day of eternal love, and the meridian of melting and 
everlasting mercy. 'Tis easy to conceive the righteousness of 
God declared in the punishment of sin, but this declares his 
righteousness in the remission of sin; it magnifies justice, in 
the way of pardoning sin, and mercy in the way of punishing 
them. It magnifies the law and makes it honourable. Justice 
receives its due award, and mercy smiles on man. Both the 
law and the sinner may glory in the cross, for both receive 
eternal glory and honour by it. Here the sinner reads his 
fall and rise, his ruin and recovery, his desert and deliverance, 
what sin hath done and what grace divine can do. Beneath 
the cross he sees the enormity of guilt, and the extent of for- 
giveness, the price and purchase, the cup of wrath and trem- 
bling, and of salvation. Here also he sees the works of the 
devil destroyed, nay principalities and powers vanquished, 
heaven opened to his view, and himself invited to the lovely 
heights of Mount Zion. O blessed apostle, doth it not be- 
come us to join with thee in the sacred transports of ecstacy 
and rapture, and to express tiie high esteem, exalted senti- 
ment, and profound veneration, which we have for the grand 
and mysterious wisdom of the cross! Yes; for in this do we 
not see created and uncreated excellence, all the glories of the 
godhead mingled with the gentler beauties of a perfect man, 
is it not here, that all the attributes of the divine nature are 



100 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

eminently displayed towards us in their utmost extent, per- 
fection, and harmony ? Is it not here that they all shine upon 
us, not with a destroying but a reviving light ? Is it not 
standing upon the rock Christ, that we are alone able to be- 
hold ihem with comfort, and not with confusion, as possessing 
an attractive, not a repulsive influence ? It is here we behold 
God finding out a ransom, and hear him saying, save from go- 
ing down to the pit. And though once '* angry, his anger is 
now turned away, and he comfoiteth his people." And has 
the attractive influence of the cross been powerfully felt in the 
times which are past, and what is there to hinder its influence 
still? Has it already triumphed gloriously, and what is there 
now to stop its progress ? Is the divine arm shortened that 
it cannot save r — the divine ear heavy that it cannot hear ? Is 
not his word still " quick and powerful, sharper than any two- 
edged sword :" Is it not a powerful word that cometh from 
the Lord, and is it not full of glorious majesty ? Shall it not 
have free course, and be glorified ? Send the rod of thy 
strength, blessed Jesus, out of Zion ; let thine arrows sharply 
pierce the hearts of thine enemies ; go forth in the chariot of 
the everlasting gospel, conquering and to conquer. Go Mis- 
sionaries, go, and preach the glorious doctrines of the cross, 
and ye shall not preach them in vain. What to the Jews was 
a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness, shall, by the 
divine blessing, be unto the heathen the power of God and 
the wisdom of God in their salvation. And may the hour 
soon come when such " dead shall hear the voice of the 
Son of God and live." These are " the weapons of our war- 
fare, which are not carnal but spiritual, and mighty through 
God to the pulling down of the strong holds of sin and satan;" 
and these weapons of truth must finally triumph and prevail. 
O God of truth hasten the happy period when savages shall 
be thereby civilized, sinners sanctified, and thy saints for ever 
perfected through the w ashing of w ater and the w ord ; having 
their hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and their bodies 
washed as with pure water. 

■^rhirdly, The glory of the Lord shall be revealed by the 
out-pouied influences and powerful operations of the Holy 
Spirit. " Not by might, or by power, but by my Spirit, 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 101 

saith the Lord." It is observable that this has been God's 
manner in every remarkable revival, in the state of his 
visible church, to give a reniarkal)lc out-pouring of his Spi- 
rit. Thus it was in the days of Enos ; " then began men 
to call upon the name of the Lord." Gen. iv. 2G. Not that 
that was the first time men ever prayed, but then men first 
began to perform public worship, and to call on his name in 
public assemblies. Owing to this, was it not, that the young 
generation that came out of Egypt under twenty years, and 
those that were born in the wilderness, were so eminent for 
piety and holiness to the Lord, and the first fruits of his in- 
crease. Jer. ii. 3. The former were wicked, and followed with 
curses ; but this was holy, and wonderful blessings followed 
them. So it was in the first establishment of the church of 
the Jews, at their first coming into the land of Canaan, under 
Joshua ; God did great things for them — he fought for them, 
gave nations for them, and people for their ransom ; therefore 
Joshua commended them for cleaving unto the Lord. Thus 
it was also in the second settlement of the church in the same 
land, in the time, and under the ministry of Ezra ; so it was 
about and at the time of the incarnation. The spirit of pro- 
phecy ceased not long after the book of Malachi was written ; 
at the same time visions and immediate revelations ceased ; 
then they were granted anew, and the spirit in these operations 
returns ; as might be shewn iti the case of Zacharias and Eli- 
zabeth, the Virgin Mary, Anna the prophetess, and Simeon, 
who " waited for the consolation of Israel ;" as appears from 
the first and second chapters of Luke. This was also the 
case in the ministry of John the Baptist, when all .Tudah and 
Jerusalem, and all the region round about Jordan, went out 
to his baptism. But above all, this was remarkably the case 
in planting the Christian churches, by the apostles, after the 
resurrection and ascension of Christ. Before this, Satan had 
exalted his throne very high in the world, even to the stars in 
heaven, reigning with great glory in his heathen Roman em- 
pire ; the higher his exaltation, the greater should be his fall, 
and the more extensive the crash of his universal ruin. He 
had, we may suppose, been very lately triumphant in a sup- 
posed victory, having brought about the death of Christ, 



102 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

which he doubtless gloried in as the greatest feat he ever had 
achieved ; and probably imagined he had totaih defeated 
God's design by him. Thrice he now concluded he had de- 
feated the Almighty Sovereign of the world, in the seduction 
of his apostate brethren, in the overthrow of the first Adam, 
and now in the supposed overthrow of the second. But 
how quickly is he made sensible that he was only ruining 
his own kingdom when he sees it tumbling so soon after 
as the consequence of the death of Christ ; the Spirit by him 
being poured out for the conversion of thousands and millions 
of souls. Concerning this event, it was foretold in the 
last days, " I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and they 
shall prophecy ; and I will show wonders in tlie heavens and 
in the earth." It is recorded that ail things Mhich John said 
of this man were true. Among the many other things which 
he said of him, this was one : " I baptize you with water, but 
he that cometh after me, he shall baptize you with the Holy 
Ghost and with fire." Christ commanded the apostles to 
tarry at Jerusalem until they should receive the Holy Spirit, 
and promised that he would send them the Spirit. 

With these the event haj)pily corresponds ; for on the day 
of pentecost, " the Holy Ghost descended with the sound of 
a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the house wherein they 
were sitting, and there appeared unto them cloven tongues 
like unto fire, and sat upon them, and they were all filled with 
the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as 
the Spirit gave them utterance." Acts ii. 2, S, 4. " And by 
Peter's preaching, three thousand souls were converted to the 
Christian faith in one day." Acts ii. 41. Some of whom were 
supposed to be persons who had crucified the prince of life. 
And after this there were added to the church daily such as 
should be saved (verse 47); and the number of them were 
about five thousand. Now God began gloriously to accom- 
plish his promise to his Son, that " he should see his s^ed, 
and prolong his days; and that the pleasure of the Lord 
should prosper in his hands." Now the apostles began to see 
the kingdom of heaven coming with power, as Christ pro- 
mised they should. Mark ix. I. Christ's setting up his spi- 
ritual kingdom in the world is represented as his coming down 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. lO.S 

tVoni heaven, where he had ascended. J aim xiv, 18. "I will 
not leave you comfortless ; I will come unto you." Speaking; 
of his coming by the coming of the Comforter, ho said, " Ye 
jjave heard how 1 said I go away and come again unto you." 
Verse 28. " If any man love me, my Father will love him ; 
and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him." 
What a great gathering of people was there then to our Shiloh, 
from among all nations ! what a vast harvest of souls in Cy- 
prns and Cyrene, in Antioch and Samaria ! what a glorious 
out-pouring of the Spirit accompanied the apostles preaching 
in ditferent places ! In Corinth, one of the greatest citiess in 
all Greece, was there not an extraordinary in-gathering of 
souls t Tiie most remarkable of which we have any account 
in the New Testament, seems to be that of the city of 
Ephesus, a very great city, where the great goddess Diana 
was worshipped ; so that in less than ten years, it was true of 
Paul and his companions, that " they turned the world up- 
side down." Acts xvii. 6. What multitudes were converted 
in Jerusalem, the capital of Judea, and in Rome, then the 
mistress of the world ! 1 he Roman empire, if I may be al- 
lowed the expression, was the cradle of Chi istianity, and 
wislied also to be its grave— had the honour to give it birth, 
and wished for the disgrace of giving it burial ; yet, though 
she had subdued the world, many mighty and potent king- 
doms, though she had subdued the Grecian monarchy, when 
they made the utmost resistance, yet she could not conquer 
the church, which was in her hands; but, on the contrary, 
was tinally subdued and conquered by the church. In this 
age of the apostles, there were more souls converted than 
perhaps had been since the time that God created man upon 
the earth. Now God gathered together his elect from the 
four corners of heaven, by the preaching of the apostles and 
other ministers. The angel of the Christian church is sent 
forth with the great sound of the gospel-trumpet, " having 
the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the 
earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and 
people." lico. xiv. G. And why was tlieir ministry more suc- 
cessful than his who spake as never man spake I The Holy 
Ghost was now given, because Jesus was now glorified. 



104 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

These are tlie great things that he promised they should do, 
" because he went to the Father." And is the divine arm 
shortened, its influence and energy diminished or decayed ? 
Or rather, is it not Hke Jesus himself, " the same yesterday, 
to-day, and for ever r" Shall " we who are evil, know how 
to give good gifts unto our children, and shall not our heavenly 
Father much more give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?" 
May the kingdom of heaven suffer violence in their behalf, 
and the violence of holy pi ayers take it by force ! Let thy 
mercy, O thou God of mercy, be upon the heathen, as we 
desire in their behalf to hope in thee. Come, O Spirit of the 
Lord, from the four corners of the heavens, and breathe upon 
these slahi, that they may live ! May " God, who is rich in 
mercy, for the great love wherewith he hath loved sinners, 
quicken them together with Christ Jesus!" Then shall " the 
wilderness and the solitary place be glad for them, and the 
desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose ; it shall blossom 
abundantly; the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the 
excellency of Carmel and Sharon ; they shall see the glory of 
the Lord, and the excellency of our God. Then shall the 
glory of the Lord be revealed, and all flesh shall see it toge- 
ther, for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it." 

Allow me now to conclude this discourse with an address 
suited to the occasion of our assembling together. My bre- 
thren, I have no greater pleasure than to till the place in 
which I now stand, and therein to plead the cause of God and 
truth— the cause of goodness and humanity, with my fellow- 
men : and when I look round this august assembly, 1 flatter 
myself I shall not be left to plead it in vain ; an assembly 
composed of reverend friends, fathers, and brethren, many of 
whom, no doubt, have been in Christ long before me (may ye 
be all wise to win souls to Christ, and faithful to feed and 
keep them !) — an assembly composed of persons of different 
sects, parties, and denominations, not incumbered with 
polemic armour, net fired with the mean zeal of partizans, 
but with love to the best interests of mankind, and the good 
cause of our common Christianity. May such citizens ever 
abound, and with them, may this and every other city flou- 
rish ! Here are, no doubt, many of the successful sons of 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 105 

opulence and industry — persons of principle, purity, and 
piety — beings of enlarged benevolence, and the most tender 
sensibility; how delightful, transporting, and animating this 
sight! And shall 1 hope that the-baslile of bigotry is thrown 
down in this city to arise no more ? God grant that it were ; 1 
hope, however, that it is thrown down in the heart of every 
person now hearing me. Well then may the temple of into- 
lerance tremble at its deepest basis ; for 1 am convinced that 
there is not one here present who would enter its unhallowed 
walls, nor bow at its corrupt shiine. Soon may it fall prostrate 
to the ground under its own weight, and the temple of truth, 
the fair fabric of faith, hope, and charity, rise on its ruins. I 
need not tell you for what end we are here assembled ; you 
all know it is for Missionary purposes; and I hope, under 
the influence of a Missionary spirit, to get good, and to do 
good : for the first, we have already joined our prayers and 
praises; and for the second, we are now to unite our alms, 
exertions, and benevolence. Your present appearance is better 
than a thousand arguments to prove that your ardour for Mis- 
sions is not yet abated, far less extmguished, and 1 hope it 
never will ! May love to God and love to man ever have the 
ascendency in your breasts ; and may those who are strangers 
to this sacred flame, soon be melted under its divine influence, 
and captivated by ihe excellence of its irresistible charms! 

In what language, my brethren, shall I address you ? 
Were I possessed of words tinged with as many colours 
as those which form the beauteous rainbow, or as those 
which adorn the western sky in a fine summer's evening, at 
the going down of the sun, with what pleasure should I avail 
myself lliereof; but, without such pretensions, suffer me to 
address you with ministerial freedom and boldness, without 
that disguise which truth disdains, and to which error 
always has recourse, and in which the mantled hypocrite 
wraps himself. To provoke you and myself in this good work 
of the Lord, and to fan ihis sacred flame, let us for a monaent 
look to the loiig-injured shores of Africa, and the bloody 
fields of Hindooslan; and do we not feel the fire of fervour 
to make known to ihe first the acceptable year of the Lord, 
that ihey may stand fast iu the liberty wherewith Christ hath 



106 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

made us free, and to send to the second the unsearchable 
riches of Christ ? This will richl)' repay tliem for the loss of 
that gold of Avhich British covetousness and crimes have de- 
prived them. 

Look to the east, whence the day-spring from on high 
first visited us, and see the crescent of Mahomet usurping 
the place where once the cross gloriously triumphed ; look to 
the numerous empires of the west, and behold Roman anti- 
christ " sitting upon the waters of many people, and nations, 
and languages." And are these all lost to Christ, and shall 
they remain so for everr Forbid it, forbid it, mighty God. 
Do we not feel ourselves constrained that by us the stand- 
ard of the cross should be there erected, that men may rally 
round it, and the Captain of salvation have amongst them 
many sons and daughters to bring to glory ? Can we look 
to the northern and southern poles, and not be concerned 
that the Sun of Righteousness may arise on them to warm 
their frigid country, and to animate and comfort their not less 
frigid hearts ? Shall we not be concerned to make known to 
the swarthy sons of colour, scorched in a burning clime, and 
under a vertical sun, their Lord and ours, and to plant among 
them the sacred tree of life and liberty, that they may sit 
under a Redeemer's shadow m ith great delight ; that they may 
experience to their comfort, what 1 hope you and I in some 
measure know, that he is " a hiding-place from the \\ ind, a 
covert from the tempest, as the shadow of a great rock in a 
weary land, and as rivers of water in a dry place ?" Look for 
a moment to the populous realms of the heathen uorld. What 
a heart-rending scene ! Can we cease to weep between the 
porch and the altar for fallen humanity ? Blessed be God, 
not fallen to arise no more. Does not British benevolence 
bleed in their behalf? In mftny instances, their n)inds are 
so brutalized that their religious Conceptions are debased be- 
neath the meanest exercise of rationality. Are not the 
grossest acts of barbarism incorporated with the fabric of 
their superstitions ? Do they not mingle the most inhuman 
practices with their most sacred rites? Are not our bowels of 
mercy and compassion moved to send there the ark of God, 
that the Dagon of their superstition may fall before it, and 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. IO7 

that its mighty pillars may be levelled to the ground ? I need 
scarcely inform you, that to enlighten the benighted quarters of 
the earth with the knowledge of the gospel, in the sovereign 
providence of God, nineteen years ago, a Society was formed 
in this city, by a few venerable and benevolent individuals, em- 
bracing a vast and prodigious extent of operations in the va- 
rious parts of the world ; it has already succeeded beyond our 
most sanguine expectations, as the journal of the Rev. Mr. 
Campbell, lately from one of the scenes of Missionary opera- 
tions, when published, will abundantly testify. And this even- 
ing I have the honour to stand in this place, which I account 
the greatest lionour ever conferred upon me in life, with a view 
to recommend this Society to your attention; to advocate its 
cause, and to solicit your generous support in its behalf. 
What a crowd of arguments rush upon my mind, and carry 
me away like an inesistible torrent ! And when you think 
upon this subject, may you feel all the warmth it is cal- 
culated to inspire. To encourage the disciples in their 
labours of love, Christ said unto them, in the morning of 
the resurrection, "Ye shall be like angels;" but I say unto 
you, this evening an opportunity is given us now to be like 
unto them. What are they but instruments of divine bene- 
volence, " all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister unto 
them who shall be the heirs of salvation ?" And by our 
Missionary exertions to nations yet unborn, benevolent as are 
the angels, have we it not in our power, in this respect, to rise 
above them ? They cannot meet for the purpose of converting 
their fallen brethren, nor any of the human race; but is it 
not in our power, by sending the gospel to the heathen, to be 
instrumental in plucking them as brands out of the burning ? Is 
not this the noblest effort of human benevolence, and are not 
your hearts expanded with the delightful prospect? Consider 
the high honour to which you and 1 this evening, by God, are 
raised — " to be workers together with him as dear children!" 
To what an altitude in excellence and usefulness hath he 
raised us ! On what vantage ground is Britain placed among 
the nations, and what unrivalled rank is possessed by its metro- 
polis. Without the danger of contradiction may I not assert 
in the language of inspiration, that " God hath not dealt so 



108 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

with any nation," or with any people, or with any place ! The 
Tnjct Society — the Bible Society — the Missionary Societ} — 
and the British and Foreign School Society for the Instruction 
of ih(;se in the poorer ranks of life, and innumerable orher 
chariiies which I cannot here name, furnish a proof of this. 
Permit me here to give my opinion relative to those glo- 
rious and admirable Institutions, the Bible and Missionaiy So- 
cieties, that they have been, they are, and I am persuaded 
ever will be the inipenetrabie bulwarks of Britain. By 
these we rise to a rank equal to Jerusalem, the capital of 
Judea, for fiom thence " issued forth these waters, which 
make glad the city of the living God." These are 
not rival institutions, but children of'lhe same family, 
branches of the same root, streams from the same fountain, 
rays from (he same Father of light, from whom descendeth 
every good and perfect gift; on which account, I cannot see 
how any person can consistently support the one and oppose 
the other, or give to the one and \\ithhold from the other; as 
they have one origin, so they have but one end. Their opera- 
tions and agents may be difj'erent. In the field of the world, 
there is room and work enough for us all, and there's no one 
man can break up the whole surface of the earth, nor cast in 
its seed, so no one society is adequate to carry on the great 
work of the Lord in ihe world. As in a great factory we see 
every person rontributin.' his proportion to the designs thereof, 
and as by a division of labour the undertaking is not retarded, 
but advanced, it is fit that there should be separate societies, 
the labour divided, that the weight thereof may not become 
oppressive. What was said of the Old Testament without 
the ^l!ew, may with great propriety be saicl of the Bible So- 
ciety without the Missionary Society, that " without us they 
could not be perfect," they plant, we water ; if they found 
we build up : they begin, we carry on the work of God, till 
we all come to the measure of the stature of a perfect man 
in Christ Jesus. What would Bibles be to the world without 
Missionaries, but what the prophecies of Isaiah were to the 
Ethiopian eunuch without Philip's interpretation, and what the 
scriptures w ere to Lydia without Paul's preaching ? If, as 
the venerable Dr. Buchanan lately said, " he that putteth a 



THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. IO9 

Bible into the hands of a child, gives him more than a king- 
dom, for it gives him a key to the kingdom of heaven," what 
shall we say of that Society which not only puts Bibles mto 
the hands of the heathens but sends M.s.sionaiifcs to ex- 
plain them ? In the patronage which the first has obtained, 
I rejoice and ever will ; and in the growing pauor.age which 
the last is obtaining, 1 hope the Bible Society will ever re- 
joice With us. This is just as things should be, and will be, 
when men are what they on2,hi to be. Further, consider what 
God, in ihe course of thi.'i last year, has done for us, by thus 
ad ressing the contending nations, " Be still and know that I 
am God." Has he not j^ut an end to the desolating horrors 
of war : has he no*, blessed us with the smiling prospects of 
peace and plenty ; has he not thrown down from the usurped 
throne of tyranny, the greatest despot (hat ever trod upon the 
earth, when heaving the hanniitr to forge chains, not for 
Britain's Isle only, but for the wo; Ul .f' And are we not 
now to be delivered from the load of taxes which for these 
twenty years we have contributed to carry <.n the war, and 
shall we not with pleasure, in testimony of our gratitude, 
contribute a part or the whole of ihe same, to the purposes 
of benevolence. Has he not opened our way to the C(m- 
tinent of Europe, and burst the bars asunder which pre- 
vented our access to British India, and by our comntercial 
connexions, may I not say almost, to the whole world? 
Must not, therefore, every principle of reason and religion, of 
the man and the christian, now be touched in its tenderest 
part and roused to action r VViih every medical character in 
this city I cannot be acquainted ; snih of ihem, however, 
as I have the pleasure ot knowing stand high in my opi- 
nion, not only as professional characters, but as persons of 
much philanthropy, and such is the good opinion 1 eniertnin of 
them all, that if any of these poor heathens should come to 
them requesting their advice, with the greatest phasure would 
they afford it : and when we know that " their whole head is 
sick, and the whole hoait faint, that from the crown of the 
head to the sole of the foot there is nothing but wounds, 
bruises, and putrifying sores, shall we wiihhold from them the 
balm of Gilead or the physician thereof? Though 1 have 



110 THE GLORY OF GOD REVEALED. 

not the pleasure of being acquainted with every person in this 
large congregation, yet such is the good opmion I entertain of 
you all, that were any of these poor unhappy creatures com- 
ing to your door in want of bread, you would not suffer them 
to perish for hunger. The courteous manner in which you 
treated ihe Hottentots, Martha, Mary, and John, is a suffi- 
cient proof of this ; and shall we not send them the bread of 
life, when there's enough in our Father's house and to spare. 
As God never wants heads to honour with the crown of life, 
for their labours of love, he puts it in our power to be among 
that happy number ; but I shall not further urge your gene- 
rosity, which upon no occasion is withheld, and I hope this 
evening will as usual be eminently displayed. 

May our prayers, alms, and Missionary exertions come up 
now, and for ever before God with acceptance ! and may they 
be as so many gems in your crown of glory, adding to the 
weight, brightness, and solidity thereof! May the blesshig of 
the heathen, who are ready to perish, come upon you ! May 
the Lord bless you, and make his blessed face shine upon you, 
so that you may be saved : and may that God, who at first com- 
manded the light to shine out of darkness, command the light 
of the knowledge of his glory to shine upon you in tlie face 
of Jesus. Amen. 

Amen ! saith the house of Israel ; and let the house of 
Aaron say Amen I Amen ! saith the house of Levi, and let 
all the sons of Levi say Amen ! Amen ! saith the church 
triumphant, and shall not the church mihtant say Amen I 
Amen ! saith the heathen world ; and is there a Christian in 
the world who refuses to say Amen ! Amen ! saith my soul ; 
and let your devout souls say Amen ! — '* and when all tlie 
people heard they shouted and said Amen !" 



Universal Difliisioii of Divine Knowledge. 



A SEIIMON 

PREACIIKD BEFORE 

THE MISSIONARY SOCIETY, , 

AT 

ST. LEONARD'S CHURCH, SHOREDITCH, 
On Friday Morning, May IS, 1814, 

BY THE 

REV. W. GURNEY, M. A. 

RECTOR OF ST. CLEMENT DANES, LONDON. 

Habakkuk II, 14. 

For the earth shall be filled with the knozdedge of the glory 
of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea. 

Ihis is the gracious and immutable decree of God; it is 
made known to man in the book of truth ; it is addressed to 
all men by an inspired prophet ; it is that on w hich all men 
should have their eyes steadfastly fixed, as hereafter to be ful- 
filled; it is to be watched over with tender concern and anxiety, 
in an especial manner, by the christian world: it is to be prayed 
for by all that love his appearing and his kingdom ; it is to be 
strenuously promoted by all that love the Lord Jesus Christ in 
sincerity, because the eternal Jehovah has continually exhibited 
to us that his plan of operations is to use humble instruments 
for the promotion of his glory, and the accomplishment of his 
vast and eternal designs. W hen we search the records of an- 



112 UNIVERSAL DIFFUSION OF 

tiquity, we shall find this has been universally the case. There 
is not an instance of any wonderful event taking place, but 
some great instrument (great compared wiih other men) has 
been raised up in an extraordinary manner for the accomplish- 
ment of the grand design. If we look to the time to which 
the prophet alludes in our text — if we consider the destruc- 
tion of the Chaldean empire, to which it has, I conceive, a 
primary allusion, it is implied in the text, that subsequent to 
that destruction, and when war should cease, there should be 
extraordinary efforts made by all who love and fear God, to 
bring to pass this gloiious jera; that when the enemies of 
divine truth should have been made examples of divine ven- 
geance, by the judgments of Jehovah, those v\ho remained 
among them might be brought to acknowledge his righteous- 
ness, and therefore that they who had received the truth in the 
love thereof, were bound to go forth and preach the glad tidings 
of eternal salvation, through that adorable Redeemer, who 
is not only the substance of the New, but of the Old Testa- 
ment dispensation. 

This was most assuredly their duty ; and as an evidence 
that they did in a great degree perform it, the prophet 
utters the words of our text, and no doubt he preached fre- 
quently from those words, going about among the people 
with whom he sojourned, and saying, " The earth, which is 
now full of darkness and cruel habitations (or habitations 
of cruelty), shall be filled with the knowledge of the 
glory of the Lord." You have seen as if he had said some- 
what of the lighting down of his arm, in his awful judg- 
ments ; but when you come to behold him as a merciful God 
in Christ Jesus, when you shall see the glories of the godhead 
in Christ Jesus by faith, then you shall see, that in what has 
been said to you of God as a God of judgment, the half has 
not been told concerning him; yea, not the hundredth portion 
of what you shall find in his condescension to the world as a 
God of grace. The time must come when this word of the 
prophet shall be universally heard ; whether we now live in that 
day, it is not for us to inquire ; but this we know, that the 
things written afore time were written for our learning, on whom 
the ends of the world are come. And if the prophet did sue- 



DIVINE KNOWLEDGE. 113 

cessfully take this for ///5 text, and go forth and preach to 
those uho sat in darkness, and did thus exhibit to theui the 
light of the glory of God in a preached gospel, it becomes 
our duty, who have enjoyed the brighter rays of that gospel, 
whose heaits have been warmed wiUi the fiie of divine love, 
who have tasted that the Lord is gracious, it is our bounden 
duty (yea, and will be our utter disgrace and condemnation, if 
we do not) to endeavour to impart to others somewhat of 
that sacred hre which God has enkindled in our hearts. 

And suiely there cannot be a more propitious lime than 
the present for our attempting to cany on the mighty work 
of our God, each one to lay hold, as it were, of his triumphal 
car, and force it along ; no time can be more propitious 
than a time of peace and tranquillity, in which to excite and 
enkindle a similar flame in the hearts of all to whom we can 
make known the trudis of the Lord Jesus Christ, who has 
thus wonderfully condescended to fix his love upon us. 

In order to your rightly entering into the full design 
which I propose to myself in this discourse, it will be ne- 
cessary, I. To inquire what is here meant by the prophet, 
by the knowledge of the glory of the Lord filling the earth. 
There is a passage similar to this in the prophecy of Isaiah. 
After a description of the Redeemer's peaceable kingdom, 
when the lion and the lamb shall lie down together, he says, 
** Lor the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as 
the waters cover the sea." Now this evidently alludes, in the 
same manner as the text before us, to the Lord Jesus Christ. 
He is the glorious Sun of Righteousness tliat shall arise upon 
a calm and tranquillized world, as predicted by Isaiah ; he is 
also the arm of the Lord^ to execute his righteous judgments. 
We have seen in our day the judgments of the Lord abroad 
in the earth, we have seen that ni the moment of his executing 
those judgments, his people have not been altogether listless or 
idle ; they have been learning important lessons, and while 
learning them, they have been endeavouring to communicate to 
others that important irulh, that in troublous times God builds 
his spiritual kingdom. But shall we imagine, that because in 
troubh)U8 times God chooses to erect his spiritual kingdom, 
therefore in a time of peace the workmen are to take their 

Q 



114 UNIVERSAL DIFFUSION OF 

rest ? Rather let us say, if God is pleased to build even in 
troublous times, what will he not accomplish by his feeble 
instruments when they have nothing else to do but build ? If 
Nehemiah, with God's assistance, could cany up the wall of 
Jerusalem to one half its heiglit round the city, the men work- 
ing with one hand while they held a weapon in the other, shall 
not the great Master-builder of the spiritual Jerusalem be 
able to carry up the wall thereof to its full height, when the 
hand of his workmen which has hitherto held the spear, shall 
be set at liberty, and be employed with the other in using the 
plumb and the level? Most assuredly this is an acceptable 
time; this seems to be the spring of that year of jubilee 
which shall close with a harvest of glory to God, and of sal- 
vation to the ends of the earth. 

Feeling this to be the case, how shall we impart this 
knowledge ? The first question is, have we received it our- 
selves? Here let us pause a moment, and ask ourselves, do 
we know any thing as we ought of the glorious God ? If we 
do, then it must be through Jesus Christ. No man hath seen 
God at any time, but we may behold with the eye of faith, 
that divine nature which in this world perfectly fulfilled the 
law for all his members ; we may behold him who bled for 
his people, standing (for St. Stephen did so by faith) at the 
right hand of power, interceding for us. It must be through 
Jesus Christ if we have any knowledge of the one true God ; 
therefore, brethren, I most assiuedly can prove, according to 
the doctrines of holy writ, that we must be partakers of a 
living and true faith, for by faith alone can we embrace the 
Lord Jesus Christ as our Lord and our God ; and this is the 
gift of God; for it is written, " by grace are ye saved through 
faith, and that not of yourselves ; it is the gift of God. 

If then we have received this precious gift of God, will 
not our first enquiry be this — Lord, what wilt thou have us 
to do ? Shall we not endeavour to evidence this faith by holy 
efforts to promote the glory of God r This, I conceive, should 
be the feeling of every true Christian. Now, if this be your 
feeling, brethren, I speak to all, to ministers and people — if 
this be your feeling, then ascribe the glory to God in the first 
^lace, as your just tribute of praise to him; and then unite 



DIVINE KNOWLEDGE. 115 

and co-operate to promote tliat great and mighty work of in- 
structing an ignorant and unenlightened world in the know- 
ledo^e of the truth as it is in Jesus Christ. This 1 conceive to 
be the grand object and design of the institution for which I 
this day stand up, an unworthy substitute for another, to 
preach the gospel of Christ. 

Here is our security, if we go forth to this mighty work 
in the strength of the Lord, in a spirit of humility, meekness, 
and christian love, with pure atfection for the souls of men, 
we shall not Intrench upon the prerogative of God, by at- 
tempting to execute violent measures on the people ; we shall 
come with words of mildness, and meekness, and < harity ; we 
shall exhibit to them Jesus Christ as altogether lovely, and the 
chief of ten thousand ; we shall draw in legible lineaments 
their own character, as ignorant of this Saviour and only 
Mediator, so as to create in them a desire to appear in the 
glorious image of that blessed Saviour, in whom rfe trust for 
salvation ; we shall not propose to them like the Mahometans, 
"you must believe as we do, or we shall put you to the sword;' 
this is not the conduct of the Missionary Society — this, I 
trust, never will be the conduct of any Briton or any Protes- 
tant ! 

Now as there is always an anxiety in every man to ask, when 
shall these things be, and when shall be the time of all this 
glorious change in human utifairs ? When w ill the kingdoms of 
the earth become the kingdoms of the Lord and his Christ ? 
When shall the kingdoms of the earth be made partakers of 
the knowledge of the glory of Cod ? How shall this be ac- 
complished, and by what Instruments and means, and what is 
requisite in order to it ? I observe that God has condescended 
to give to mankind a revelation of his mind and will in the sa- 
cred volume called the Bible ; therefore, until this book be 
put into the hands, in order to its finding an entrance into the 
hearts of all, this passage of prophecy cannot truly be fultilled. 
And next to this, in order to the due understanding of the sa- 
cred records of divine truth in the Bible, it is necessary that 
all mankind should be able to read it, and understand it in the 
letter. 

And now it would be the wisdom of every Christian here 



Il6 UNIVERSAL DIFFUSION OF 

who is desirous of asking, ^\hen shall these things come lo 
pass ; if he were to say, but have these thmgs ever yet been at- 
tempted r Art thou a stranger in this metropolis, and still ig- 
norant of several societies for piomoting religious knowledge 
and other pious purposes ? Art thou but a stranger in England, 
and dost thou not know what has come to pass in these latter 
days? Hast thou not luard of the institution of the British 
and Foreign 'Bible Society? Hast thou not heard of Mis- 
sionary societies, Sunday-school and other societies, through- 
out the land ? Not only has this fire been kindled in England, 
but it seems to have burned with such vehemence as to have 
excited a kindred flame in distant lands ; and accordingly we 
find in other countries, societies of different descriptions 
forming for the instruction of the young and the middle aged, 
with a view to their learning to read that volunie which they 
either have already in their possession, or shortly expect to 
receive. These grand steps have been already taken by Bri- 
tish Christians, yea, by Britons almost at large, with a view to 
send forth iMissionaries to tianslate the Bible, and to teach 
the use of those Bibles, and to be patterns and examples to 
those who learn to read them in distant countries. They have 
been sent to the heathen world at large. The Society for 
which I now plead, does not confine itself to any quarter of 
the globe; but wherever it finds a man, whether a Hottentot 
or acting like a Hottentot, it would to that man impart divine 
knowledge. This is the liberal, the philanthropic, the Chris- 
tian design of this Institution. 

There is another society in w hich we must all feel an in- 
terest sooner or later — 1 wish we all felt it more strongly now; 
it is a society to attempt the conversion of the Jews to Chris- 
tianity ; to promote Christianity among those heathens at home, 
who in part constitute the spiritual Israel of God, and who 
are a part also of the heathen world, for whom we are deeply 
interested at this day. 

The prophecy in our text includes then the conversion of 
the heathen, the conversion of the Jews, the universal diffu- 
sion of scripture, and as a necessary concomitant, universal in- 
struction. If these four grand designs have been already 
begun to be accomplished and the work is going on, and do 



DIVINE KNOWLEDGE. 117 

any ask what have we to do ? 1 answer, help them for- 
ward, press into the ranks of their supporters, carry them on 
with more vigour, and pray more fervenily to God for his 
bltssiiig ; suffer no dithculty to retard your progress ; but go 
on, the breath of heaven shall lill your sails, the Holy Spirit 
shall give you energy and understandmg to direct and guide 
you, and \ou sh:ill convey the blessing to the most distant 
p.irls oi .he earth. The time will very shortly come, when 
all the eyith shail cast their eyes toward this blessed land, this 
httle spot upon the map of t'le Morld, and shall look to it as 
the poor deluded heathen does to the rising sun, as to the place 
of coMifort, of hanpintss, and peace ; and with thankfu'uess 
of hcrt to God, the great giver of all good, shall piay for a 
blessing to rest upon this happy island, because it has been 
the visible fountain from which ail that is merciful, good, and 
gracious has flowed to the benighted nations of the earth. 
We have reason to believe that the time is already come, and 
upon this ground I have proceeded from the commencement 
of this discouise. 1 believe, most assuredly, that the progress 
of those Institutions, which have the glory of God and the 
salvation of men in view, depend in a great measure upon 
the zeal and energy of God's praying people. Prayer must 
be offered up contnmally by all true believers, that God's 
kingdom may cf»iut , his will be done ; and ihat we may see 
the glorious fulhlment of this great prophecy. And 1 believe, 
if we can by any means enlist into our present army of Chris- 
tians in England, some praying souls in the remote parts of 
Russia, in the coldest parts of the Swedish dominions, from 
the burning sands of Africa, from India and Kgypt as well as 
America, if we can but enlist them under the same banner of 
Christ, as our mediator and intercessor with God, joining 
prayer for our success, we shall, my friends, (proceeding ra- 
pidly and with increasing velocity) feel, that the end of our la- 
bours is about to be accomplished, in the salvation of the world. 
With regard to the different points which I have touched 
upon, I would beg leave to observe to those of this con- 
gregation who are not intimately acquainted with the So- 
ciety for which I this day plead, that 1 can perceive, though 
I have had but little time to investigate all its features, and all 



118 UNIVERSAL DIFFUSION OF 

its extensive beauties, I can perceive in this Institution all 
those points, certainly aimed at, and with a fair promise of 
success. For this Society, in the carrying on of its proposed 
design by means of its Missionaries, has instituted, is insti- 
tuting, and, if you will enable them, will continue to multiply 
their institutions of schools for the instruction of children and 
adults, in the dark parts of the earth. And they are doing 
this with the design of preparing the rising generation, as well 
as the adults, to read that blessed book the Bible, which they 
have been endeavouring with great assiduity, and in that en- 
deavour have been very much assisted by the British and Fo- 
reign Bible Society, to translate into different dialects and 
languages, that the people may thoroughly comprehend it. 
And when so brought into a language which they can under- 
stand, having been taught their own language, they will be 
ready to turn to the Bible, and to read that blessed book, 
which has been the instrument in the hands of God of stirring 
up in England the hearts of those who have sent out such 
blessings to those very people. And what will be the conse- 
quence ? They will immediately fall down upon their knees 
and say, Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, to whom we owe all these benefits, and may his 
blessing rest upon those who have been the n>eans of con- 
ferring them upon us ! 

But in this Institution also there are great endeavours 
made to translate the scriptures for the use of those people 
who are utterly ignorant of all true religion. And in order to 
this it is necessary, not merely to send a certain number of 
copies to such a particular village, to \)e distributed among the 
people, for that alone would be utterly in vain ; but they are 
under the necessity, and this gives them their true name, of 
sending forth Missionaries, good and true men, to be the 
interpreters of this blessed book, to be living patterns and 
examples of the truth which it contains, and of the eflfect 
which it produces on them who receive it in the love of it. 

Moreover, this Society uses the means of civilization for 
these poor people in distant lands ; teaching them to make 
the best use of the productions of the earth ; and I have 
heard from some that know it, that many trades have 



DIVINE KNOWLEDGE. 119 

been already introduced Into Africa among the poor Hot- 
tentot people, whose sole occupation before, was hunting, 
sleeping, or endeavouring to scrape together such things as 
they could tind for their subsistence. These people are now 
enabled to see the propriety, the decency, and the necessity 
of having garments to cover them ; the advantage of culti- 
vating the earth for the supply of their wants, and of do- 
mesticating animals which are wild by nature, to make good 
and proper food for them; in doing all this there must be 
much expense incurred by the Society. 

It is absolutely necessary that every person desirous of 
being well acquainted with the Society, should not come 
merely to hear sermons on its merits and designs, but should 
peruse the memorials printed by the Institution, and its va- 
rious reports. Has there been a single instance of success 
arising from the eti'orts of this Institution ? If there has, 
then this is the stamp of heaven upon it, as being designed 
to promote the glory of God, for it has received the success 
which he alone can give ; and therefore it is your bounden 
duty and mine, to do ail we can to further its views and assist 
its efforts. But has the Institution had not only a fezv but 
many testimonies to its legitimacy, as agreeable to the will and 
command of God ? then there is additional reason to go 
forward, that it may have more ; for the earth is full of dark- 
ness and ignorance, and though the light is advancing so as to 
form a ray of glory round our land, yet it must be extended 
to the most distant parts of the earth. Tiiis is a reason why 
we should take encouragement to press on with redoubled 
efforts ; for as our sphere extends, the calls for exertion will 
increase in proportion. Therefore we are collected together 
this day with a view to move forward the great machine, to 
promote the determination of our God, as revealed to us in 
the text, that the earth sh^ll be tilled with the knowledge of 
the glory of the Lord, as the waters cover the seas. We are 
met together to co-operate, as we have, I trust already in our 
prayers; so I hope we are met together to unite v\ith heart 
and hand in ascribing praise to God, and in shewing forth 
his glorrj, and oar rcillingness to obey hh commands, by 
giving liberally in support of an Institution like this; which 



120 UNIVERSAL DIFFUSION OF 

seeks the promotion of the good of the heathen in our Indian 
empire, who are as much our fellovv-citizeus as -the people of 
this island. If we have obtained a political iiitluence there, 
we have a spiritual interest ni the souls of the pe(>ple, ni an 
especial manner, beyond all the other powers on earth. 

But 33 the vvorhi itself is only one great family, the world 
is the field for our operations. Brethren, let us remember, 
if we, through the mercy of God, are enabled to go forth, or 
to send forth others, as messengers, to gather in the lost sheep 
of the house of the true Israel, by gathering in the heathen, 
we shall be filling up that proper office which belongs to all 
the messengers of God. Hence we find that at the last day, 
when the great harvest shall come, the oe.yyt\oi^ or messengers, 
shall go forth, and they shall be the reapers ; we are only 
messengers of God, of an inferior order. 

But I must say, that the time wherein we now live is a 
sufficient call upon us to use redoubled diligence in all our 
religious duties, and especially in this cause which we have in 
hand, since faciUties have been aiforded us by the government, 
and the doors that are continually opening to us : we can 
in idea hear the sound of the rusty bolts of despotism drawn 
back, which seems to call us to look into the dungeons of 
ignorance, that we may weep over that we may not be able 
fully to remove ; that we may at least endeavour to mitigate 
the woe which is the consequence of it, by sending those 
who are willing to go into the dark parts of the earth, on the 
errand of mercy — the time is propitious, and urges us ou; 
and as we have now the glad prospect of peace, and as our 
blessed Lord came upon the earth at such a time, may we 
not hope and believe, that the day of peace shall be the day of 
good-will to man. 

It would be utterly impossible for human eloquence, could 
it be used on the present occasion, in its greatest power 
savingly, to touch a single heart here ; it v\'ould be but as the 
froth of the ocean, which the first breath of wind dissipates 
for ever. But, my friends, in this awful assembly, in the pre- 
sence of God, who is an infinite and invisible spirit, who has 
promised his divine presence where two or three are gathered 
together in his name, can we doubt of abundant success? 



DIVINE KNOWLEDGE. 121 

No ; to doubt, and to do less than firmly believe were sin. 
We do believe, and, I trust, that it is our huiiible prayer to 
God, that whatever may have been said upon this occasion 
may be utterly forgotten, if its tendency has been to weaken 
the cause ; and that whatever has been suitably said may be 
carried home in the full power of the Spirit, to promote the 
cause we have at heart. 

To you, my brethren in the ministry, I appeal, whether 
the work of the Lord is not of more importance than any 
other work on this side of eternity ? Whether it is not the 
most awful, and at the same time the most delightful ; when 
we consider that we are made the honoured instriunents of 
God, of doing good to souls ? When we consider that we are 
dignified by becoming the channels for communicating divine 
grace to the world ? Is it not then an office to be entered 
into with serious inquiry, to be carried on with earnest prayer 
for the divine blessing, to be laid down under the deepest 
humility, ascribing to God all the praise, and to ourselves all 
the sins that have been mingled in our most holy perform- 
ances ? If this be true, and i believe I speak to the experi- 
ence and to the approbation of every minister who hears me, 
then most assuredly you, as the guardians of this Society, will 
be cautious whom you send out as Missionaries. You will 
consider, they are going forth to execute the purposes of your 
God toward the ruined race of man. This is a most serious 
concern, brethren ; and I have no doubt it w ill point out to 
you the reason why we should not subscribe our hand hastily 
to the approval of any Missionary ; that the Missionaries 
when approved of and sent forth, may not enter into their 
labours with any secular advantage in view ; but that they 
should enter into the work of the Lord, as a labour, 
and not as that which is to be an indulgence of their de- 
sires, except as they shall find it in the sequel to be the 
pleasure of the Lord, prospering in their hand. His service, 
it is true, is perfect freedom ; but we are not to go into his 
work, and expect that we shall go on smoothly and calmly, 
and be rising as it were, step by step, to the pinnacle of 
worldly honour ; rather let us come down from our altitudes, 
and descend into the very dens and caves of the earth, and 

R 



122 UNIVERSAL DIFFUSION OF 

look up to the work as far above us and impressed with the 
magnitude of it, cry out to him that is mighty, for strength 
to be enabled to take our part in it. This T would v\ish 
to be deeply impressed by the Spirit of God upon all our 
hearts ; that there may be no fault found by those who are 
to contribute the means at some distant period, from our 
having carelessly, or wantonly given a commisson to any to 
go forth as Missionaries. Without observing these cautions, 
we shall labour in vain, the blessing of God will not rest 
upon us. 

Having said thus much, I will not venture to apologize 
for the imperfections which have been apparent this day, 
because I hold all apology to be utterly unnecessary in the 
presence of God. I stand here as the advocate of this 
Society, I trust not unsent, but certainly not of my own 
sending. I now consign the cause to God ; from his hand I 
hope and trust T did receive it ; and I hope and pray as the 
last desire of my heart this day, that the persons present, who 
expected to hear another preacher, will not suffer the Insti- 
tution to lose a single particle of their money by reason of 
the change; but on the contrary, that they will pay me that 
respect for being here only as a substitute at a short notice, 
which I shall most delight in, by giving more liberally than 
they at first intended, assured that it will be well bestowed 
aud rightly used. For this Society has no party purposes to 
serve, but breathes unity and peace, and love to all — seeking to 
win souls to Christ and not to human names or sects — uniting 
to conquer Him who divides to gain his ends. 

And now I earnestly pray that the blessing of God may 
rest upon this Society, and upon all our hearts ; and if out of 
the numbers here present, any are not annual subscribers to 
it, the Lord would induce many to become so ; for without 
considerable annual subscriptions, and an established fund, 
such a society, with such large views, can neither hope to pro- 
tect or provide for their Missionaries abroad, nor can they, by 
any means, be sure that the engifgenients they have entered 
into will be fiiily and faithfully accomplished. Therefore, for 
the credit of the Society, aud for your own sakes, as being 
concerned in it, for every annual subscriber becomes a mem- 



DIVINE KNOWLEDGE. 123 

ber of the Society, as well as on account of the Society at 
large, I trust that you will subscribe liberally upon the present 
occasion, and enable us to carry on the work more exten- 
sively, and that you will offer up your prayers continually for 
its success. 

And now to the eternal Jehovah, tiie Lord of all ^ to the 
Lord Jesus Christ, whose is the kingdom and the glory; and 
to the Holy Spirit, who alone can bring the purpose of our 
heart to pass ; to the Triune-Jehovah, let us, with our hearts 
and tongues, ascribe, for all our mercies temporal and spi- 
ritual, received and in prospect, equal and eternal glory and 
praise ! Anien. 



As this Sermon was delivered entirely extempore, and taken 
down by a short-hand writer, the author requests that it may be 
accepted just as it was spoken, with every allowance for the agita- 
tion of mind which must necessarily be excited by the suddenness 
of the call, from the illness of the Rev.Mr. Whish, of Bristol, who 
was expected to preach. The author can truly say, that as it flowed 
from the heart, he is desirous that it should be considered as an of- 
fering heartily made in favour of the Society, to which he wishes 
every success in common with all societies and institutions which 
have in constant view the glory of God and the good of souls; be- 
ing well persuaded in his mind, that with such motives, societies, 
however numerous and various, will proceed amicably forward in 
their glorious career, until the prophecy in the text shall be 
completely fulfilled. 



MISSIONAEY SOCIETY, 

ESTABLISHED IN 1795. 

«e®®®^[<^g>}©©»«««=— 

PLAN. 

I. The Name.— the MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

II. The Object. — The sole object is to spread the know- 
ledge of Christ among heathen and other unenlightened nations. 

III. The Members. — Persons subscribing one guinea, or 
more, annually — every benefactor making a donation of ten 
pounds — one of the executors, on the payment of a legacy amount- 
ing to fifty pounds, or upwards; and Ministers, or otlier repre- 
sentatives of congregations in the country, which subscribe or 
collect for the use of the Society five pounds annually. 

IV. General Meetings. — To be held annually in Londoa 
on the second Wednesday of May, and oftener if necessary, to 
chuse a Treasurer, Directors, Secretary, and Collectors, and to 
receive reports, audit accounts, and deliberate on what farther 
steps may best promote the object of the Society. At eveiy such 
meeting, one sermon, or more, shall be preached by one or more 
of the associated Ministers, and notice given, as is usual on such 
occasions. The President for tl)e day shall open and conclude 
tlie meeting with prayer, and sign the minutes of tlie proceedings. 
All matters proposed, shall be determined by the majority of the 
members present. 

V. The Direction. — To consist of as many Directors, an- 
nually chosen out of its members, as circumstances may require. 
At the first meeting twenty-five shall be elected, with power to 
associate with themselves such an additional number as may be 
judged by them expedient, when the extent of the Society is as- 
certained. Three-fifths, and no more, of these Directors shall 
reside in or near London; where all montlily meetings shall be 
held for transacting the business of the Society. Not less than 
seven shall constitute a board. For greater facility and expedi- 
tion, they may subdivide into committees, for managing the 
funds, conducting tlie correspondence, making reports, examin- 
ing Missionaries, directing the missions, &c. but no act of these 
committees sliall be valid till ratified at a monthly meeting. No 
expenditure exceeding c£lOO sliall be made without consulting all 
the Directors, or ^^500 without calling a general meeting of the 
subscribers. Annual subscribers of JtlO or upwards, and bene- 

*A 



PLAN OF THE SOCIETY. 

factors of £lOO or more, may attend, if they please, -with the 
Directors, at any of the monthly meetings. On any emergency 
the Directors shall call a general meeting of the Society, to whom 
their arrangements shall be submitted : nor shall they enter upon 
a new mission till they obtain the general concurrence. 

VI. The Funds — Arising from donations, legacies, subscrip- 
tions, collections, &c. shall be lodged, as soon as collected, in the 
hands of the Treasurer. The Directors shall place in the public 
funds all monies so paid, whenever they exceed £300, until they 
are required for the use of the mission ; excepting it appears to 
them prejudicial to the interests of the Society. 

VII. Salaries. — The Secretary shall receive such a salary 
as the Directors may appoint; but the Directors themselves shall 
transact the business ojf the Society without any emolument. 



At the annual meeting, held the 14th of May, 1812, 

Resolved, That those Ministers in the country who are an- 
nual subscribers, or whose congregations send an annual collec- 
tion to the Society; and all presidents, or principal officers, of 
country auxiliary Societies, who may be in London occasionally, 
shall be Directors 2^^o tempore, and be entitled to meet and vote 
with the Directors. 

At the annual meeting, held the 12th of May, 1814, 

Resolved, That a copy of the Fundamental Principle, adopted 
at the first annual meeting in May, 1796, be printed at the end 
of the Plan* 

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE. 

As the union of God's people of various denominations, in 
carrying on this great work, is a most desirable object ; so to pre- 
vent, if possible, any cause of future dissension, it is declared to 
be a. fimdamental principle of the Missionary Society, that our de- 
sign is not to send Presbyterianism, Independency, Episcopacy, 
or any other form of Church order and government (about which 
there may be difference of opinion among serious persons), but 
the glorious Gospel of the blessed God, to the Heathen ; and 
that it shall be left (as it ought to be left) to the minds of the 
persons whom God may call into the fellowship of his Son from 
among them, to assume for themselves such form of Church go- 
vernment as to them shall appear most agreeable to the Word 
of God. 



A LIST 



LIFE MEMBERS 

OF THE 

MISSIOWAMY SOCIETY. 

£ s. d. 

ST96. AiHJrsoN, Mr. John 10 10 

Aldersey, Mr. Homerton 10 

Alers, Mr. W. Fenchurch-street 10 10 

Audley, Rev. Mr. J. Cambridge 20 

Bailey, Mr. St. Paul's Church-yard 10 10 

Brown, Mr. Stoke Newington 10 

Bunn, Mr. Hoxton 10 10 

Burder, Rev. G. Camberwell 10 10 

Burnell, Mr. John, Islington 10 

Carter, Mr. S 10 

Clarke, Mr. W. High-street, Borough 10 10 

Cock, Mr. A. Lower Shadwell,. , 10 10 

Cooper, Mr. Goswell-street , 10 

sCornwdl, Mr. Thomas 10 

Cowie, Mr. Robert, Highbury-place 50 

DarvaU, Mr. J. Southampton , 10 

3Davies, Rev. Dr. iO 

Deane, Mrs. Ann 10 

Egginton, Messrs. G. ^ I. Hull 21 

Fenn, Mr. T. Bellingdon 20 

Fenn, Mr. J. Comhill 10 

Finch, Mr. C.Sudbury 10 10 

Findlay, Rev. Dr. Glasgow 10 10 

Foreaker, Mr WOO 

Gaviller, Mr. George, Clapton 10 10 

Giles, Mr. W. Water-lane 10 

Glascott, Rev. Mr. Hatherleigh 10 O 

Gosling, Mr. E. Shackle well... 25 

Gouger, Mr. Newgate-street 20 

Gray, Mr. Wilham, York 10 

Greaves, Mr. Greenwich 10 10 

Groves, Mr. J. bv Dr. Haweis 10 

Haldane, Mr. R." Edinburgh 50 O 

Haldanu, Mr. J. Aivdrie 50 

Hall, Mr. S. Fenchurch-street 10 10 

Hamilton, Rev. Mr. Fentonville 10 

Hanson, Mr. Burton-street 10 

Hardcastle, Reyner, and Corsbie, Messrs. 300 

Haweis, Rev. Dr. Aldwinckle 500 

Hemraington, Rev. Mr. Thorp-Arch 10 

Henderwell, Mr. Thomas, Scarborough 10 

Herve}', Lady Caroline 20 

Hevgate, 3Ir. J. Aldermanbury 10 

•B2 



LIFE MEMBERS. 

£ s. d. 

Holloway, Mr. J. Old-street-road 10 

Hooper," Mr. G. Greenwich 10 

Houj^liton, Mr. Huddersfield 10 

Huliord, Mr. Broad-street-buildings 20 

Jones, Rev. Mr. City Road 10 10 

Kemp, Mr. G. Poole 20 

Leigh, Sir Egerton, Bart. Warwickshire 50 

Leigh, Lady 10 

Long, Mr. James, Buckingham 10 10 

Luck, Mr. Joseph, London 20 

Marten, Mr. America-square 10 10 

Mather, Mrs. Hackniey 25 5 

Meech, Mr. J. by Eev. Mr. Douglas 10 

Meymott, Mr. London 10 10 

Mever, Mr. James, LeadenhaU-street 25 

MiiLs, Mr. Samuel, Finsburj'-place 10 10 

Mills, Mrs. Islington 50 

Muir, Mr. William, Glasgow 10 

Nicklin, Mrs. Southampton 10 

Page, Mr. Tower-street 10 

Patterson, Mr. George, Bishopsgate 10 

Patteson, Mr. John, Glasgow 21 

Patch, Mrs. Moorfields 10 

Plummer, Mr. Thomas, CamberweU 21 

Poussett, Mr. Hackney 10 

Randall, Mr. W. Southampton 10 

Rawlings, Mr. T. W. Padstow 10 10 

Roberts, Mr. George, Fore-street , 10 10 

Robinson, Mr. Blackfriars-road 10 

Rvder, Mrs. bv Rev. Mr. Douglas 10 

Saville, Mr. W. by Rev. Mr. lungsbury 10 10 

Sherrings, Mr. John, Borough 10 10 

Shoolbred, Mr. John, JMark-lane 50 

Shnibsole, Mr. W. Old-street 20 

Simpson, Mr. W 10 10 

Simpson, Mr. W. Diss 10 10 

Skinner, Mr. W. Bristol 10 10 

Smith, Mr. George 10 

Smith, Mr. Greenwich 10 

Stiff, Mr. Thomas, New-street 20 

Sti-ange, Messrs. J. and W. Bishopsgate-street 10 

Svkes, Mr. Joseph, Kirk Ella 10 10 

Tabor, Mr. John, Colchester 100 

Taylor, Mr. Samuel, ditto 25 

Thornton, Henry, M.P. Clapham 10 10 

Toomer, Mr. Edward, Southampton 10 

Toomer, Mr. Samuel, Basingstoke 10 

Tutt, Mr. Royal Exchange 11 11 6 

Twiss, Colonel, Woolwich 10 10 

Walker, Mr. Dubhn 10 

WaUis, Cook, & Co. Tnunp-street 10 

Waring, Mr. Francis, Islington 10 

Warren, Mr. Samuel, Kentish-town 10 

Wilson, Mr. John, Islington 100 

"Wilson, Mr. Thomas, City-road 100 

Wilson, Mr. Joseph, Milk-street 100 

Williams, Rev. Thomas, Stepney 10 

Wilkinson, Mr. Thomas, Jeffreys-square 20 

Wilberforce, AV. M.P 10 10 

Wilmhurst, Mr. by Rev. IVIr. Douglas 10 



LIFE MEMBERS. v. 

£ s. d. 

1797. BelUn, Mr. J. ChigweU 20 

Brown, Mr. Pudding-lane 10 

Cater, Mr. T. Broad-street 10 10 

Cowie, Mr. G 10 10 

Cowie, Mr. li. Kingsland Crescent 21 

Davidson, Mr. Queen-Ann-street 20 

Dixon, Mr. W •. 10 

Fenn, Mr. John, Peckham 25 

Hall, Mr. .S. Fenchurch-street 10 10 

Hillier, Mr. N. Lavenham 50 

Knowlvs, Mr. Fdmonton 10 10 

Leigh,' Sir Egerton, Bart 20 

Maitby, Mr. Marlborough-street 25 

Pattison, Mr. J. Kochtbrd 10 

Petty, Mr. Eveshot 10 

Keviier, Mr. Mark-lane 10 10 

Sabine, Mr. W. Islington 10 

Sundius, Mr. Devonshire-squai'e .„ 11 11 

Thornton, B. M. P 10 10 

Walters, Mr. T 15 5 

"VVillvams, Lieutenant, Boyal Cornish 21 

WraV, Mrs. J. Middleham 10 10 

1798. Holmes, Mr, Beading 10 

Mackintosh, Rev. A. Tain 50 

Byder, Mrs. Beading 10 

Smith, Mr. G. I'aternoster-row 10 

Winter, Bev. John, Newbury 20- 

Woltte, jMr. G. E. America-square 1 00 

1709. P.aber, Mr. Knightsbridge 10 

Brett, Mr. T. Camberwell 10 

Chambers, Mr. J. Dublin 10 10 

Cowie, Mr. John, Bennanas, India 21 

I^vans, Mrs. Bristol 50 

Farmer, Mr. B. Kennington 10 10 

Favell, Bousfield, & Co. Messrs 10 

Haweis, Bev. Dr 50 O 

Holdgate, Mr. T. Bradford 20 

Hinderwell, Mr. T. Scarborough 10 

Howard, Mr. Bobert, Stamlbrd-hill 10 

Livius, Mr. G. Bedford 10 10 

Maitland, Mr. Bobert, Camberwell 10 

Walton, Mr. J. Greenwich 10 

White, Captain C. East Indies 21 

Williams, Mr. John, East Indies 21 

1800. Aldersey, Mr. Ilomerton 20 

Baber, Mr. Knightsbridge 20 

liailey , Mr. St. Paul's Church-yard 10 

Barnes, Mr, City-road ." 10 

IJellin, Mr. John, Ciiigwell 10 

Boase, Mr. Pallmall 50 

Bennett, Mr. Michael-street 10 o 

Brett, Mr. Thomas, Camberwell 30 

Butcher, Mr. Kingsland 20 

Brotherton, Mr 10 

Burkitt, Mr. Poidtrv 10 

Cabel, Mr '. 10 10 

Cattley, Mr. Camberwell 50 (t 



LIFE MEMBERS. 

£ s. d, 

Carruthers, Mr. Cheapside 10 10 

Carter, Mr. James 10 

Clarke, Mr. William, Borough 50 

Christie, Mr. William, Wappiiig 10 

Cowie, Mr. Rx)bert, Kingsiand-crescent 100 

Cox, Mr. H. Goodman's-fieids 25 

Cox, Mr. S. ditto 25 

Croucher, Mr. Hajanavket 20 

Curling, Mr. Jesse, Bermondsey 10 10 

Davison, Mr. Fish-street-hUl 10 10 

Danford, Mr. Samuel, Duck's-foot-lane 10 10 

Deere, Mr. King's-head-street 10 

Dunkley, Mr. 10 

Dyson, 'Mr. George, St. Mary's Hill 10 10 

Eastman, Mr. Portsea 20 

Fenn, Mr. Botolph-lane 50 

FUling, Mr. Sun-tavern-fields 10 

Fox, Mr. T. Peck-ham 20 

Gatfield, Mr. Newgate-street 21 

Gaitskell, Mr. Rotherhithe 10 

Gaviller, Mr. G. Clapton 50 

Giles, Mr. Water-lane 10 

Gosling, Mr. ShackleweU 10 10 

Goodeve, Mr. J. Gosport 10 10 

Graves, Mr. B. Greenwich 10 10 

Greaves, Wood, & Co. Messrs. Borough 10 10 

Griffiths, Mr. Borough 10 

Hardcastle, Mr. Joseph, Hatcham-house 100 

Haldane, Mr. Robert, Edinburgh 105 

Haweis, Rev. Dr 100 

Hart, Mr. Walworth „., ,. 10 

Hinderwell, Mr. Scarborough , 10 10 

Horton, Mr. Laurence-Pountney-lane 10 

Holmes, Mr. T. Reading 20 

Hodson, Mr. T. Ptymouth 100 

Janson, Mr. W. by Rev. Mr. Eyre 10 

Lonsdale, Mr. Wood-street 10 

Luck, Mr. J. CI pton 10 

Mackay, Captain 10 

Mather, Mrs. 'Hackney 20 

Mever, Mr. Leadenhall-street 25 

Morris, Mr. Thomas, Cambenvell 10 

Murrav, Mr. Alexander, Perth 20 

Piatt, Rev. Mr, Wilmot-square 10 

Piatt, Mr. Isaac, Islington 10 10 

Piatt, Mr. Thomas..., 10 10 

Plummer, Mr. Camberwell 20 

Preston, Mr. Miles's-lane 10 

Ranier, Mr. John, Reading 21 

Reviier, Mr. Joseph, Mark-lane..., 100 

Rothwell, Mr. Richard, Clapham , , 21 

Ryder, Mr. Reading 10 

Sacket, Mr. Kennington , 20 

Sharp, Mr. Threadueedle-street 21 

Shaw, Mr, John 10 

Shrubsole, Mr. W. Bank 10 

Skinner, Mr. W. Bristol 20 

Smith, Mr. George „ 10 

Steele, Mr. G 10 

Strange, Mr. J. Enfield 10 10 



LIFE MEMBERS. vli. 

£ s. d. 

Sundius, Mr. Devonshire-square 21 

Wallis, Cook, and Hammond, Messrs. Trump-street 60 

Walton, Mr. W. Lime-street 10 

AValcot, Mr. John, Bristol 20 

Wakeman, Mr. Mears-street, Hackney 10 

Webber, Mr. James 10 10 

Whately and Fatten, Messrs. by Mr. Reyner 10 10 

Whitwell, Mr. Bethnal-green 10 

Wilks, Rev. Matthew, Hoxton 20 

Wihnhurst, Mr. J. Reading.. 10 

Winchester, Mr. Strand 10 

WolfFe, G. Esq. America-square 50 

Yocbiey, Mr. Bedford-street 10 

1901. Brett, Mr. Craig's-court ^^ a n 

Freeman, Mr. London-wall 20 

1«02. Crawford and Lindsay, Earl, Richmond 100 

Goldsmid, Mr. E. by Mr. Revner 10 

Hohnan, Mr. W. Thames-street !•> 

Skinner, Mr. Bristol 20 

1803. Eethune, Mr. D. New York 10 10 

Carter, Mr. T. Roval Exchange 10 10 

Simeon, Rev. Mr. king's College, Cambridge 20 

Swanston, Mr. J. Glasgow 10 

1801-. Alexander, Mr. Maidstone 50 

Burchett, Mrs 10 

Cobb, Mr. Margate 10 10 

Greaves, Mr. Tliomas, Greenwich 10 10 

Haweis, Rev. Dr *^ 

Howard, Mr. Robert 10 

Merian, Messrs. J. R. de P. Basil 20 

Parry, Mr. Shrewsbury 20 

Rhesen, Christopher F. Embeck, Germany 20 

Usher, Mr. Buckle-street, Whitechapel 10 

Woltfe, G. Esq. Bridge-street, Bkckfriars 20 

1805. Cowie, Mr. Robert, lungsland 10 10 

MineLin, Mr. T. Gospoit 10 

Woodd, Rev. B. Paddington 10 10 

1806. Scott, Mr. G. Hammersmith 10 

Tupp, Mr. John, Horton 10 10 

1807. Aldridge, Mr. G. Winkton 10 

Dodkin, Mr. S. Basingboume 10 

Dunkm, Mrs. Ann, London 10 

Gouldsmith, Mr 10 10 

Lee, Mrs. 10 

Mansfield, Miss, Springield 10 10 

Stephens, Mr. J. Clapham 10 10 

Wall, Mrs. by Mr. Stainforth 10 10 

1808. Davidson, Mr. T. M. Doctors'-Commons 10 10 

Thoi7)e, Mr. York 10 

1809. Mansfield, Mr 10 10 

Meyer, Mr. G. Salvadwe-house SO o 



vlii. LIFE MEMBERS. 

£ s. d, 

RMgg, Mr. Henry 10 10 

Thompson, Thomas, M. P. Hull 10 

"Wilson, Mrs. Camberwell 30 

1810. Barn,', Mr. Cheltenham 10 

Bel^ave, Mrs. Camden-town 10 

Burkitt, Mr. T. Poultry 10 

Carlill, Mr. J. Leman-street 10 10 

Clubbe, Misses, Chester 10 

Clarke, Mr. W. Boroudi 10 

Cooper, Mrs. M. by iVfr. W. Hodson .50 

Corsbie, Mr. J. Artilierv-pkce 10 10 

Creek, Messrs. J. R. and Co 21 

Lawson, Mi-. E. Brown's-lane 1;) 

Mansfield, Miss, Birmingham 10 

Paynter, Messrs. F. and Co. Coleman-street 11 

Scott, Mrs. "Namptwich, 3 per cent, stock -t )0 

tJnwin, Mrs. Castle Hedingham 10 

Wilberforce, W. INI. ?. Kensington 10 10 

1811. Dixon, Mr. W 10 

Gage, Mrs. Bath 150 

Harvey, Mr. B. William 25 

Matthews, Mr. W. Pentonville 20 

Matthews, Mrs. ditto 20 

Matthews, Miss, ditto 10 

Milling, Mr. Wigan 10 

Mills, Mr. S. Finsbury 10 

Mullbrd, Mr. Basingstoke 10 

Parry, Mr. J. Shrewsbury 20 

Thornton, Mrs. Hull....]! 10 

1812. Bain, Mr. Joseph, Glasgow 20 

Cracknell, liev. Dr. Weymouth 10 

GundrA', Mr. D. Beaminster 52 10 

Heudebourch, Mr. W. Taunton, stock in the 5 per cents 100 

Hughes, Rev. J. Battersea 10 10 

Jacques, Mrs. Bath 10 

Parry, Mr. Joseph, Shrewsbmy 50 

Puget, Mrs 10 10 

Robinson, Mr. Lakenheath, Suffolk 10 

Rust, Mr. W. Hull 10 10 

Wilberfbrce, W. M. P. Kensington 10 10 

Wilson, Rev. John, Matlock 10 

1813. Lorton, Viscount, Dublin 20 

Lorton, Viscountess, ditto 10 

Barham, Lord, Barham Court, Kent 12 

Bond, Charles, Paddington 10 10 

Burkitt, Mr. Poultry 10 10 

Bums, Mr. W. Paisley 10 

Cratheme, Rev. W. B. Durham 10 10 

Curtis, Rev. Mr. Wrestlingvvorth 12 2 

Clarke, Mr. James, Dublin 30 

Dawson, Mr. Roger, by Mr. J. Bunnell 10 10 

Figgis, Mr. jun. Dublin 10 

Green, Mr. George, Blackwall 21 

Hodson, Mr. Thomas, Plymouth 10 

Hogan, Mr. W. C. DubHn 10 

Jones, Mr. Tboiaas, PejibigU 10 o 



LIFE MEMBERS. xi. 

£ s. d. 

Laird, Mr. John, Greenock lo lo 

Leake, Mrs. Cottint^ham 10 

Muggeridge, Mr. Upper Thames-street 10 10 

Percival, Dr. Dublm 20 

Preston, Mrs. Mary, Eath 10 

Puget, Mrs. Sackville-street 25 

lliddle, Mr. Alexander, Queen-sti-eet, Cheapside ... 35 10 

Stehikopff, Rev. Mr. Savoy 10 

Stiptoe, iVir. P. Sudbury 10 

Struthers, Mr. W. Scotland-yard 10 

Taylor, Mr. J. Old Broad-street 10 

Watkins, Rev. J. Reading 10 10 

White, Mr. Robert, Dublin 11 7 6 

ISU. Bittleston, Mf. Norton-street, Mary-le-bone 10 10 

Breese, Mi-s. Eliza, Bath .' 50 

Capel, Mr. Cornhill 10 10 

Crisp, Mr. W. Frostenham 50 D 

Davies, Mr. James, Hackney 10 10 

Figgis, Mr. J. Dublin 10 

Havter, Mr. Thomas, Brixton 100 

Hodson, Mr. Thomas, Plymouth 10 10 

Kennion, Mr. Thomas 10 10 

Lanyon, Mr. Ricliard, Lostwithiel lu 10 O 

Mathias, Rev. Mr. Dublin 10 10 

Pearson, Mrs. Maiy, Bath 10 

Pirie, Mr. J. Camberwell 10 lO' 

RothweU, Mr. 11. Clapham 10 10 

Simpson, iMr. Jolm, Bush-lane 10 10 

Stiptoe, Mr. P. Sudbury 20 

Un^vin, Mrs. Castle Hedingham 10 Q P 



I. :e <G .4 € I e's. 



1800, ]Mrs. Sarah Walmsey, late of Bampton, Yorkshire, a 

lejjacy paid by Mr. J. Bateman ^. 21 0» 

Mr. iVi-chibald Laird, late of Greenock 10 

1802. Mrs. Mackay, late of Whitby 10 ft 

1804 Mr. Robert Douglas, late of Kingsland 50 

Mr. Hemy Poole, late of Woodford 50 

Mrs. Sarah Tewsbury, late of East Hahvorth 100 

Mrs. Catherine Fleureau, High-street, St. Giles's, 

3per cents, reduced 400 0" 

1805. Mr. Raybolt, late of London 100 

Mr. John Bmns, late of Threadneedle>-street ...200 

Mr. George Ramsey, late of Kingsland-road 10 Q; 

Mr. John Whittenbury, late of Manchester 100 

Mr. Alexander Ross, jun. late of Aberdeen 50 0^ 

1807. Mr. Benjamin Cole, late of Homerton 100 (t 

Mrs. Catherine Farr, late of Hoxton „ ioo 

Mr. Aitkin, late of Greenock , 100 

Mrs. Workman, late of Bristol „ 18 

1808. Mr. Thomas Carter, late of Peckham 250 

Mrs. C. Daubun, late of Falmouth ., ,„ „.... 10 

Mr. S. Dodkin, late of Basingboum „ 100 

Mrs. Mary Tilt, late of Stourbridge. 50 

J810. jNIrs. Appleton, late of Cecil-street, Strand, produce of 

=£100 stock 69 7 9* 

Mrs. Martha Bassett, late of Newbury 20 

Mr. Richard Clarke, late of Westminster 100 

Mr. Charles Ward, late of Chipping Norton 50 & 

Mr. Thomas Hawkes, late of Piccadilly, 4 per cents. 2000 

Mr. Atkins, late of Bkckheath, 3 per ceiits, 100 

1811. Mr. Andrew Knies, late of WeUclose-square 50 

Mr. John Clark, late of Trowbridge 100 

Miss Stringer, late of Watlington, Oxfordsliire 100 

Mrs. -Margaret Elder, late of Redman 's-row „ 98 15 

Mrs. Eliz. Pentycross, late of AVallingford, 4 per cents. lOO 

1812. Mr. Gillespie, late near Down, Perthshire 17 3 11 

Mrs. Sarah Roberts, late of Upper Islington 50 

Mrs. Pratt, late of Teignmouth 3 3 

Mr. Peter Lemaire, late of Castle'Street, Borough ... 5 

1813. Mrs. Compigne, late of CamberweU 200 

Samuel Pinder, Esq. late of Falcon-square „ 50 0' 

1814. INIrs. Ann Henry, late of Mosshouse, North Britain 54 18 6 
Mrs. Mary Powell, late of Presgw^yn, near Oswestry 22 10 <y 
Mr. William Jones, late of Cartw-street, Spitalfields 14 8 9 
Mrs. Roberts, late of Charter-house-square, by Rev. 

Mr. Goode „„„„ 50 a 



AN 

ALPHABETICAL ACCOUNT 

OF 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS 

TO THE 

MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

From the 1st April, 1813, to the 1st April, 1814. 
IN LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. 



Abraham, Mr. Gt. IMarlbro'-st.... 

A^er, Mrs. "Whitechapel 

Aitcheson, Mr. Poland-street ... 
Ainslev, IVfr. New London-street 
Alcot, Mr. Southampton-place... 

Aldersey, Miss, Homerton 

Alers, 3Ir. W. Hackney 5 

Allday, Mr. Carlisle-street 2 

Allen, Mr. St. Catherine's 

Allen, iMrs. M. Brick-lane 

AUerdyce, Mr. Old-street 

Allerdyce, Mr. Homerton 

Amicable Society, hy Mr. C«x 
Anderson, Mrs. Exeter-st. Strand 
Appleg^arlh, Mr. J.Jamcs's-street 

Covent-garden 

Ardini:^, Mr. Dorset-street 

Arding, Mr.,T. (M EosweU-court 

Arnold, Mr. Kingsland-road 

An-owsmith, ."Mr. Soho-square ... 
Austin, Mr. J. Cumberland-street 
Austin, Kev. Mr.Clerkenwell-gr. 
Ayscougii, Mrs. HoUoway 



Bacchus, Mrs. Upper Thamcs-st. 
Bachler, .Mr. Ajwthecai-ies' Hall 
Baddeley, Mr. Oxford-street ... 

Bagster, Mr. .J. Piccadilly 

Bambridge, .Mr. Ciuildford-str. 

Baker, Miss, Pinner's-court 

Ballance, Mr. iiat:\iuey( t-u.'oycar.'! JA- 

Ballance, Mrs. Hackney 

Ballance, INIr. ,T. jun. Steward-st 

(tico yvars) 

Banger, .Mr. Hackney 

Banger, Mrs. ditto...' 

Banger, Mr. jun. ditto 

Barber, Mr. S. Cheapside 

Barnes, Mr. Copthall-court 










5 
g 
1 



1 
1 

:, 

1 

1 
1 





1 
1 



1 

1 



i:>'i s u 



£ s. d. 

Brought forwanL.. 52 8 

Bamett, Mrs. W. Bridge-street 2 

Barton, Mr. Swallow-street 1 1 

Bas.sano, Mr. Thames-street 1 1 

Bateman, Mr. Bunhill-row 1 1 

Baytbrd, Mr. J. Doctors' Com. 110 

Bay lev, Mr. Bernai-d-street 1 1 

Bejims, Mr. H. Gt. Carter-lane 110 

Beaslv, Mr.s. SuiTy-road 3 

Bccket, Mr. Barbican 1 1 

Belgrave, Mrs. Camden -town ...I 1 

Benster, bv Bev. John Hyatt... 1 

Berdt, Mr. De, Clapton 1 1 

Bernard Mr. Queen-street, Kdg- 

ware-road 1 1 

Bickerstaff, Mrs. Islington 1 1 

Bickle3% -Mr. Great Russel-st....l 1 
Binks, !Mrs. Bedford-street, Co- 
vent-garden I 1 

Birnie, Mr. Great St. Helens...! 1 

Blades, Mr. Piccadilly 1 1 

Blades, Mrs. ditto 1 1 

Blair, Mr. Great Russel-street...! 1 

Bland, Mr.NewingtonCause\\ay 2 2 

A Friend bvliim .'..2 

Bliss, Mr. West Sinithfield 1 1 

Blunt, Mr. Red-cross-st. Boro'...! 1 
Bly, .Mr. Dacre-st. Westminster 110 

Bogie, Mr. St. -Martin's-lane 1 1 

Boggis, Mr. Great Prescot-st. ...5 5 

Boucher, Miss S. Strand 1 1 

Bracy, .Mrs. Hoxton-square 1 1 

Bradby, Air. Newgiite-street ...1 1 

Brecknell, .Mr. Tavist ock-squai-el 1 

Bridgnian, Bev. Mr I 1 

Britten, Mr. Ely-place 1 1 

Brocklesby, Mr.'Margaret-street 2 2 

Brodic, .Mr. Hampstcad-road ...1 1 

Brookes, .Mr. AVhitc-st. Borough 2 2 

jt 10 1 7 



xu. 



ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS 



£ e. d. 

Brought forward... 101 7 

Brookes, Mrs-Camberwell-sci-een 110 

Brookes, Mr. Cateaton-street ...1 1 

Broughton, My. Holbom-bridge 110 

BroughtQn, Mr. Islington 1 1 

Brown, iMr. Drury-lane 10 6 

Brown & Stokes, Misses,Peckham 2 2 
Browai, Mr. New Bond-street...! 1 
Brown, Mr. Titchfield-street ...1 1 
Brown, Mr. E. Hoxton-square 110 
Browning, Mrs. Newington-gr. 110 
Broyden, Mr. Old-street, 1812...2 2 
1813...2 2 
Buck, Rev. C. Primrose-street... 1 1 

Budden, Mr. W. Budge-row 1 1 

Budden, Mr. J. Canterbur}'--row 110 
Bunce, Rev. ivir. Brompton-row 110 
Bunnell, Mr J. Southampton-row 5 
Bunnell, Mr. New-st. Gov. Gar. 2 2 
Burder, Rev. G. Camberwell ...5 
Burder, Rev. F. H. Hackney... 1 1 

Burden, A (r. Bedibrd Street 1 

Burkett, Mr. Poultry 1 1 

Burkitt, Mr. Coleman-street ...1 1 
Bumell, Mr.Whitechapel-road...l 1 

Burj-up, Mr. jun. Clapbam 1 1 

JBuiTOWs, Mr. Piccadilly 1 1 

Burton, VIr. S. LeadenhaU-street 110 
Burton, Mr. Newington-place...l 1 
Burt, Mrs. Palace-row, New-road 1 1 

Burt, Mr. by Mr. Francis 1 1 

Burt, Mr. John-street, Minories 110 

Butcher, Mr. Spa-fields 2 2 

Butcher, Mr. Snowhill 2 2 

Byfield, Mr. Charmg-cross 1 1 

J3\T.xhmere, Mr. AYilsted-street 10 6 

Campion, Mr. Union-str. Spitalfi. 1 1 

Capel, Mr. Corahill 10 10 

Cardale, Mi'. Bedford -row,, 1 1 

Carter, Mr. J. Black-man-street 2 2 

Carter, !Mr. WiUiam, Peckham 2 2 

Cai-tei", INIr. Roval Exchange ...1 1 

Carter, Mr. Cold Bath Square...! 1 

Cecil, Mr. Thames-street 1 1 

Chad wick, Mr. Wapping 1 1 

Cliandler, Mr. St. Paul's-ch-yard 2 2 

Chan-ington, Mr. Mile End 2 2 

Chatt-^ris, Mr. Lombard-street...! 1 

Churchill,Mr.Hatfield-stSurry-r.l 1 

Clack, Mr. Hoxton 1 1 

Clarke, Mr. William, Borough 10 10 

Ckrke, Mrs. Hackney 10 6 

Clarke, Mr. Brick-Liiie 10 6 

Chvton, Rev. John, Hackney... 1 1 

Clayton, Mrs. Highbury 1 1 

Clunie, Mrs. Castle-st. Oxlbrd-r. 11 

Clunie, Rev. J. per INIr. Tracy...! 1 

Coade, Miss, Surrv-road 2 2 

Coe, Mr. North-st. Tottenh-ct-r. 10 6 
Cole, Mr. Princes-st. Drury-lane 110 

Collier, Mr. Long-lane, Borough 1 1 

.£200 6 



Brought forward. ..200 

CoUison, Rev. G. Hackney 1 

Compigne, Mr. Camberwell 1 

Comyn, Mr. R. Serjeant's-inn ...1 

Conn, Mr. London-street.. 1 

Cope, Mr. Thames-sti'eet 1 

Cope, Mr. Tower-street 1 

Corbett, Mrs. Thornhaugh-street 1 
Corsbie, Mrs. New-co Broad-st. 1 
Cowell, Mr. Maid-lane, Borough 1 

Cowie, Mrs. Falcon -square 1 

Cowie, Mr. Great St. Helens ...2 

Cowie, Mrs. Geo. ditto 2 

Creak, Mr. T. R. Jamaica-row... 2 

Cream, Mrs. Hackney 

Creed, Mr. Geo. AVhitechapel-r. 1 
Crossley,Mr.Giltspur-st (2 years) 2 
Curling, Mr. Fish-street Hill ...1 
Curling, Mr. A. Fish-street HiU 1 
Curling, Mr. Jesse, Rotherhithe 2 
Curling, Mrs. CamberweU-grove 1 

D. J. Mr. Strand 1 

Daker, Mr. "Whitecross-street ...1 
Dale, Mrs. Prmces-str. Spitalfi. 1 
Davenport, Mr.E. Lime-street... 1 

Davenport, Mr. L. Ditto 1 

Davies, Mr. Shoreditch 1 

Davies, Mr. W. Wliitechapel-road 1 
Davis, iNIr. Joseph, Houndsditch 1 

Davis, Mr. Waler-street 

Davy, Mr. Gould-square 1 

Dawson, Mrs. J. Jefreries-square 1 

Dawson, Mr. J. Ditto ! 

Debois&Wheeler, Gray's-inn-pas2 

Dennis, Mr. Excise-office 1 

Dennett, Mr. Leather-lane 1 

Dave}', Mr. Shoe-lane 1 

Dexter, Mr. AVhitechapel-road...l 

Dinwiddle, Mr 1 

Dixie, Mr. Falcon-square 1 

Dixon, Mr. R. Fenchurch-street 1 
Dixon, Mr, Aldersgate-street ...1 

Dixson, Mr. Cheapside 1 

Dobson, Mr. Oxford-street 1 

Dodson, Mrs, Great Coram-street 1 

Draper, IMr, Islington 1 

Drury, Mr, Red-lion-st, Holborn 1 

Dunkin, Miss, Kennington 2 

Durant, INIr. Copthall-court i 

E. E, Mrs. Shoreditch 1 

East, Mr, Bridge-row 1 

East, Mr. E. New-str. Covent-g. 1 
Edelman, Mr. Queen-str. Cheaps. 1 

Eland, xMr. Islington 1 

EUand, Mrs. Tottenham-street... 1 

Elliot, Mr. Old-street 1 

Elliot, Mr. Friday-street 1 

Emsley, Mr. Dalston ! 

Emerson, jMr. Whitechapel-road 1 
Emerson, Mr, J. Ditto 1 



1 



10 



10 6 



i:268 .1 6 



IN LOXnOX JXD ITS VICINITY. 



Xlll. 



£ s. (]. 

Brought fonv'arcl...2G8 5 6 

F.ver-ed, Mr. Church-lane 1 1 U 

Exshaw, Mr. Austin Friars 1 1 

Eyre, Mrs. Hackney 2 2 

Faden, Mr. Charing Cross 1 1 

Falconer, Mr. Up. Lisson-st. Pad. 1 1 

Fallowfield, Mr. Scotland-yard.,. 1 1 

Farquharson, Mr 1 1 

I'^a veil, Mr. St. M ary Axe 1 1 

l''earn, ]Mrs. Spital-square 1 1 

Fenn, Mr. J. Mincing-lane 1 1 

FeiTis, Mr. Petticoat-lane 1 11 6 

Fen-is, Mrs. Golden-lane 1 11 6 

Field, Mr. Soho 1 1 

Field, Mr. Hallifax-street 1 1 

Filby, Mr. Pilgrim-street 1 1 

Filling, Mr. Sun Tavern Fields 1 1 

Flanders, Mr. Crispin-street 1 1 

Ford, Rev. Mr. Stepney 1 1 

Foster, Rev. Mr. Wilderness-row 110 
I'^owler, Miss, York-pl.^\'al\vorth 110 

Foyster, Mrs. Tottenham-street 2 2 
Francis, Mr. jun. ^Vellclose-sq. 110 
Frankland, Mr. Brunswick-place 110 

Freeman, Mr. Suftblk-street 1 1 

Freshfield, Mr. New Bank liuild. 1 1 

Friend at Homerton 10 6 

Frost, Mr. Great Portland-street 110 

Gabriel, Messrs.T.&C.Eanner-st.l 1 
C4 amnion, Mr. Aldersgate-street 110 

Gander, Mr. P''insburv-street ...1 1 

<Tann, Mr. Gracechurch-street...l 1 

(iarling, Mr.J.F.Iung-stBlooms.l 1 

Garrett, Mr. S. Copthall-court...l 1 

(Garwood, Mr. Great Mansel-st. 2 2 

Gaviller, Mr. G. Clapton 2 2 

Cieale, Mr. Pentonville 1 1 

Gibbs, Mr. Bartholomew-place...! 1 

(iibson, Mr. Wardrobe-place 1 1 

( Jibson, ]Mrs. Great Prescot-place 10 6 

Giles, Mr. Water-lane ('/tco.)/ra/-4'j4' 4 

(Tiles, Mr. South-street, Peckham 1 1 

Goode, liev. Mr. Ishngton 1 1 

Goode, Rev. Mr. BlacktViars ...1 1 

Goodhart, Mr. Hackney C2?/(«/-.v^ 2 2 

(iore. Rev. Mr. Tabernacle-row 1 1 

(iosnell, Mr. Little Queen-street 1 1 

(4oft', Mr. Northumberland-st. 2 2 
(lOugh, Mrs. Ciimberwell-grove 110 

Ciouldsmith, Ml-. E.Highbury -pi. 1 1 

Grange, Mrs. Piccadilly 1 1 

(iray. Miss, Wildemess-row 1 l 

Greaves, Mr. G. Aldermanbui-y 110 
Cireive, Mr. Punderson-place, 

Bethnal-gTcen 1 1 

Gribble, >ir. Bank 2 2 

Griffiths, Mr. Oxford-street I 1 

(.iroome, IMr. Brompton-ioad 1 I 

Grove, Mr. Charing Cross 3 3 

. . i;310 14. (i 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward... 3 10 14 G 

Hale, Mr. Wood-st. Spitalfields 110 

Hale, Mrs. Redcross-street 1 1 

Hammond, Mr. Whitechapel ...1 1 
HardcastleMr.Hatcham House 21 
Hardcastie, Mr. Jo.seph, ditto...2 2 
Hardcastle, Mr. Alfred, ditto ...2 2 

Harford, Mr. Shoreditch 1 1 

Harper, Rev. Mr. St. George's F.l 1 
Harper, Mr. Jei-usalem Coflee H.l 1 
Harvey, ]Mrs. Charlotte-street... 1 1 
Hayes, Miss, Knightsbridge ...1 1 
Haves, Mr. Bartlett's-buildings 110 
He'nch, Mrs. by Rev. .1. Hyatt. . . 1 
Henderson, Mr. Old Broad-street 

(t-eoTjears) 2 2 

Hepburn, Mr. Long-lane, Boro. 110 
Hebert, Mrs. Newington-green 2 2 

Heme, Mrs. H oxton-square 1 1 

Kerne, Mr. AV. Bank 1 1 

Ilersant, Mr. Brokers-row 1 1 

Hewiings,Mr.Brook-st. Holboral 1 
Hibberdine, Mr. Skinner-street 110 

Hill, Rev. R. Sui-ry Chapel 2 2 

Hill, JMr. George-yard 1 1 

Hill, Mrs, Fore-street 1 l 

A Friend by her 1 1 

Hockley, INIr. Tabernacle-walk 110 
Hodson, Mr. Hedge-r. Isling-ton2 2 

Holman, Mr. Thames-street 1 1 

Holehouse, Mr. Borough 2 2 

Holland, iMr. Pancras 1 1 

Honeyman, Mr. Church-street... 1 1 

Honeyman, Mrs. ditto 1 l 

Hoppe, Mrs. North-pl. Islington 2 2 

Hoppe, Miss, ditto 1 1 

Hore, Mr. Throgmorton-street 110 
Horton, Miss, Lower-street, Isl.2 
Hough, Ml-. Tavistock-street ...1 1 
Houston, Mr. Great St. Helens 110 

Howard, Mr. Fetter-lane 1 1 

Hudson, Mr. Southampton-place 1 1 
Humphries, IMrs.Tottenham-cl-r. 110 
Humphries,RevMrCanterbin-y-r 110 
Hunter, Mr. Broker-row, Moorfi, 110 

Jack, Mr. St. Martin's-lane 1 i 9 

Jackson, Rev. Mr. Stockwell ...1 i 
Jackson, Mr. Church-st. Hackney 1 1 

Jacobs, Mr. Sun-ey Chajjel 1 l 

Jacques, Mr. Lealher-lane 1 i 

James, Mr. Hackney 1- l 

.Tiirvis, Mr. Kiiigsland-road 1 i 

Jcnnerett, Mr. St. John's-sti-eet 1 l 

Johnson, Mr. by Mr. Cole 1 1 

Jolmson, Mr. liant-st. Borough 110 
Johnson, .Mr. White-cross-street 110 
Johnson, .Mr. J. Bishopsgate-st- 110 

Jone.s, Mrs. Shacklewell 1 l 

Jones, Mrs. Hertford-street 1 1 

Junes, Rev. Mr, City -road 1 l 

,^430 17 6 



siv. 



ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward... 430 17 6 

Jordon, Mr. Leadenliall-street...! 1 

Jowett, Mr. CJarence-place 1 1 

Ireland, Mr. Cannon-street 1 1 

Ivatts, Mrs. Peckham 1 l 

Irvine, Mr. Crescent, Minories...! 1 

Kemble, Mr. H. Watling-street 110 

Kemble, Mr. Edward, ditto 1 1 

Kennard, Mr. Iledcross-street...l 1 

Kincaid, Mr. Spital-squai'e 1 1 

Kincaid, Mrs. ditto 1 l 

Kilby, INIr. Oxford-street 1 1 

King, Mr. Sparrow-corner 1 1 

King, Mr. Broad-street-buildings 110 

King, Mrs. ditto 1 1 

Knight, M r. Clerkenwell 1 1 

Knight, Mr. Strand 2 2 

Knight, Mrs. ditto 1 l 

Knowler,MrsPalace-row,New-r.O 10 6 

Lady, a young, by Mr. Pearson 2 2 
Lack, Mr. J. vVormwood-street, 

(two years) 2 2 

Lack, Mr. J. jun. ditto 1 

Langton, Mr. Hackney 1 1 

Langton, Mr. J. ditto 1 1 

Lee, Mr. Old Jewry 1 1 

Lee, Mr. Ilomerton 1 1 

Legg, Mr. Fleet-street 1 1 

Lees, Mr. Tower 1 1 

Lees, Mr. jun. ditto 1 1 

Leslie, Mr. Vine-st. Piccadilly... 1 1 

Lewis, Mrs. by Rev. Mr. Piatt 10 

Lightfoot, Mr. Hollis-street ...1 1 

Lonsdale, Mr. Tyler-street 1 1 

LyaQ, Mr. Holbom 1 1 

M'Dowall, Mr. S. Leadenhall-st.l 1 

M'Whiimie, Mr. Strand 1 1 

Maberly, Mrs. King's-mews 1 1 

Maberly, Mr. St- Mai-tin's-lane 110 

Madgwick, Mr. St. John's-square 1 1 

Maitland, Mrs. "VValworth 1 1 

Mander, Mr. by Mr. Bunnell ...1 

Marriot, Mr. sen. Hoxton-square 2 2 

Mason, Mr. High Holbom 1 1 

-Martin, IVliss, Colebrook-row ...1 1 

Martin, Miss, ^I. ditto 1 1 

Mather, Mr. King-st. Golden-sq. 

(tis)0 years) 2 2 

Mather, Mrs. Haoknev 5 5 

Mather, Mr. York -St. 'Westm....l 1 

Matthews, Mr. Newgate-street...! 1 

Matthews, Itev. Mr. Russel-pl. 1 1 

Mead, Mr. Wood-st. Cheapside 1 1 
MedlycottjMrs. Long-lane, South- 

•wask (hcii years) 2 2 

Medlycott. Mr. T. do. (Ueo years) 4 4 

Meriton, Mr. G. Ptckham 1 1 

"Meyer, Mr. Leadenhall-street...5 5 

i;5o4- i:. 



£ s. <f. 

Brought forward... 504 15 o 

Meymott, Mr. S^ Moorfields 2 2 

Mickle, Mr.Park-street,Islingtonl 1 

Middlemas, Mr. Hoxton-fields.,.l 1 

Middleton, Mr. St. Martin's-lane 1 1 

Miller, Mr. William, Bethnal-gr. 1 1 

Mills, Mrs. Tjnidale-place 3 3 

MiUie, Mr. Union-street, Bishops. 1 1 

Million, Mr. Minories 1 1 

Mitchell, Mr. Whitechapel-road 1 1 

Mitchell, Mr. Hampstead 1 1 

Moore, Mrs. Camberwell-green 110 

Moore, Mr. Cheapside l 1 

Moore, Mr. Percy -street 1 1 

Moore, Mr. Queen-st. Long acre 110 

Moreland, Mrs. Old-street 2 2 

Moreland, Mr. John, Ditto 1 1 

Morland, Airs. Clapton 2 2 

Morlejs Mr. Hanover-street 1 1 

Moseley, Mr. Piccadilly 1 1 

Munn,'Mr. Holloway i)own 2 2 

Murray, Mr. Princes-street, Soho 1 1 

Nash, Mr. Angel-passage 1 1 

Nash, Mr. Battle-bridge 1 1 

Nattrass, Mr. Colchester-street, 

Savage-^rdens (Uiree years) 3 3 

Neale,Mr.B.St.Paurs-church-y.2 2 

Neale, Mr. Rosoman-street 1 1 

Nevin, Mr. King-street, Soho...l 1 

Nesham, Mr. Garlick-hill 1 1 

Nesham, Mrs. Ditto 10 6 

Nicol, Rev. Dr. Hans-place 1 1 

Noeth, Mr. Union-street, Sun- 

tavem-fields 1 1 

Nokes, Mr. Rodney's-buildings, 

Kent-road 1 1 9 

Norman, Mr. Clapton 1 1 

Nutter, Mr. R. jun. Gun-street 110 

Gates, Rev. Mr. Lower-st.Isling. 110 

Ody, Mr. Fetter-lane 2 2 

Ogbome, Mr. Bishopsgate-street 2 2 

Ogdin, Mr. UpperThames-st. ...2 2 

Ogden, Mr. Penton-pL Walworth 1 1 

Oldfield, Mr. Peckham 5 5 

Oldham, Mr. J. O. Holbom 5 5 

Oldham, Mr. jun. Ditto 2 2 

Oldham, Mr. Jos. Ditto 1 1 

Oliver, Mr. G. Skinner-street ...1 1 

Omer, Mr. Islington 10 6 

Osbome, Mr. by Mr. Creak 1 1 

Over, Mr. Bank 1 1 

Owen, Mr. Shoreditch 1 l 

Padley, Mr. John, Fleet-street 2 2 

Padm'an, Mr. Hackney-road 1 1 

Page, Air. Cranboum-aUey 1 1 

Pain, Mr. Tottenham-court-road 1 1 
Palmer, Rev. Mr. late Hackney 110 

Panton, Mr. West Snuthfield .'..1 1 

£:i^'i iO 



IN LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward... 583 10 

Piirker, Mr. Palace-row, New-r. 110 

Parker, Mr, W. Kins^'s-mews... 1 1 

Park, Mr. Kingsland-road 1 1 

Parkinson, Mr. iiank 1 l 

P^mell, Mr. W. George-lane ...1 1 

Parnell, Mr. Jos. Ditto 1 1 

Parr}', Mr. Golden-square 1 1 

Parrv, Mr. I^ather-kne 1 1 

Pattistm, Mr. Pentonville 1 1 

Peacock, Mr. Finsbiirv-square...! 1 

Peacock, Mrs. Ditto .'. 1 l 

Pearson, Mr. Homerton 5 5 

Pearson, Mrs. Ditto 1 1 

Pellatt, Mr. T. Ironmongers' hall 1 1 

Pellatt, Mr.A.St.Paul's-ch.yard 1 1 

PeiTy, Miss, Circus, Minories ...1 1 

Perry, Miss H. Ditto 1 1 

Perry, Miss S. Ditto 1 l 

Petch, Mr. North-st. City-road 1 1 

Plullips, Rev. Mr. by Mr. Bunnell 2 2 

Phillips, Mrs. Croodman-yard ...0 10 (j 

Philips, Mr. jun. High-Holbora 1 1 

Pirie, Mrs. Ditto I l 

Piatt, Rev. Mr. Wilmot-square 110 

Piatt, Mrs. Ditto 1 1 

Piatt, Mr. Stamford-street 2 2 

Pomeroy, Mr. M oor-place 1 1 

Ponder, Mr. Bird's-build. Isling.l 1 

Ponten, Mr. W. TummiU-street2 2 

Poolev, Mr. High-street, Roro' 1 1 

Powell, Mr. G. York -build. Islin.l 1 
Pratt, Rev. Mr. Doughty-street 110 

Preston, Mr. Miles'-lane 1 l 

Price, Mr. Haymarket 1 1 

Price, Mr. JSteel-yard 1 i o 

Procter and Brownlow, Messrs. 

Fleet-street 4 4 

Quin, Mr. Temple-pl. Surry -road 1 1 

Radcliff, Mr.ChinaTer, Lambeth 1 l 

Radford, Mr. Cheapside 1 1 

Randoll, Mr. GosweU-street 2 2 

Rawlins, Mr. J. Greenwich l i 

Reid, Mr. W. Old Compton-str. 1 1 

Reid, Mr. W. Minories 1 l 

Relfe, Mr. Camberwell 1 i 

Reyner, Mr. J. Mark-lane 5 5 

Jteynolds, Mrs. New Way, West. 1 1 

Richards, Rev. John ....'. 2 2 

Richards, Mrs. Queen-st. Blooms. I l 

Richardby, Mrs.London-fi.Hack. 1 1 

Riddle, Mr.A.Queen's-st.Cheap.j 5 

Risdon, Mrs. Peckham 1 i o 

Roberts, Mr. A. East cheap 1 i 

Roberts, Mr. Gould-square 2 2 

Robinson, Mr. Albion-street I 1 

Rogers, Mr. Cock and Hoop yard 

Houndsditch '. 10 6 

R.u6by. Mr. BeiTOondsey-street 2 2 

ISU 7 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward... 664 7 

Sacket, Mr. Kennington-green...2 2 

Salter, Mr. by Mr. Bunnell 1 

Salter, Mr. W. Soraer's-town ...1 
Sargent, Mr. Camberwell-gi-ove 110 

Saunders, Mr. Thames-street ...1 1 

Scott, Mr. Chelsea l i o 

Seal3%Mr.NaiTow-wall, Lambeth 110 

Season, Mrs. Paul-street 1 1 o 

Sells, Mr. Bankside i i o 

Selwyn, Mrs. St. John's-street...l 1 
Sewell, Mr. St. Martin's-le-grand 110 

Sewell, Mr. Coleman-street 1 1 

Shadd, Mr. Bishop's-court 1 1 

Sharland, -Mr. Cockspur-street ...1 1 

Sharp, Mr. Cannon-street l l 

Shaw, Mr. Mark-lane l l 

Siieppard, Mr.Dean-st. Tooley-st.l 1 

Shen-itf,Mrs.Tottenham-court-rdl 1 

Shields, Mr. Lock's-fields 1 i 

Short, -Mr. Pleasant-row, KingsLl 1 

Shrubsole, Mr. W. Bank l i 

Simpson, Mr. Newgate-street ...1 1 
Simpson, Rev. D. Hoxton (two 

years) 2 2 

Shnpson, Mr. J. Tokenliouse-yd.2 

Simpson, Mr. R. Lombard-street 1 1 

Simi)son,Miss,Whitechapel-roadl 1 

Sims, Messrs. Sun-taveni-fields 5 5 

Slingsby, Mr. Whitecross-street 1 1 

Smith, Mr. Gutter-lane l l 

Smith, Mr. Sun-ey-road 1 l 

Smitli, Rev. Dr. Homerton l i 

Smith, Mrs. ditto 1 l 

Smith, Mr. Red-lion-street 1 1 

Smith, Mr. Beech-street 2 2 

Smith , Mr. Royal Exchange 1 l 

Smith, Ml-. Cateaton-street 1 1 

Smith, Mr. Somerset-street 10 6 

Smith, Rev. T. Leather-lane ...1 1 
Smith, Mr. Rose & Crown-court 110 

Soames.Mr.Pi-ince's-street, Bankl 1 

Spark, Ml-. Shoe-lane 2 2 

Sprang, Mr. Kingsland-crescent 110 

StafSrd, Mr. Borough -market... 10 G 

Steell, Mr. Isling'tou 1 l 

Stephenson, Mr. \V'illiam-street 110 

Stephenson, Mrs. ditto 1 1 

Steven, Mr. R. Thames-street 10 10 

Steven, Mr. R. jun. ditto 2 2 

Stiff, Mr. New-st.Covent-ganien 2 2 

Stimson, Mrs. Prospect -place ...1 1 

Stodhart, Rev Mr. Islington ...1 1 

Stokes, Mr. Barbican 1 i 

Stonard, Mr. J. Stamtbrd-hill ...5 

Storck, Mr. Clarendon-square ...1 1 

Strange, I\Ir, J. l^shopsgatc-st. 5 

Strickland, Mr. Newgiite-marketl 1 

Strongi'lharm, Mr. Pallmall 1 1 

Strutt,Rev.Mr.Chai-lcs-st.Citv-r. 1 1 



.£752 IS 



X'VI. 



ANl^UAL SUBSCRIPTIONS 



£ s. d. 

Biouoht forward.. .752 18 

Stunt, Mr. Addi no-ton-place 1 1 

Summers, Mr. New Bond-street 110 

Sundius, Mr. Devonshire-square 2 2 

Surgy, Mrs. Upper Homerton...! 1 

Suttaby, Mr. Stationers'-court...l 1 

Sj'kes, Mr. J. Eedcross-street ...5 

Tagrr, Mrs. Shacklewell 1 1 

Tapp, Mr. Cheapside 1 1 

Tarn, Mr. Spa-fields 1 1 

Taylor, Mr. Wilderness-row 1 1 

Taylor, Mr. Hoxton 1 1 

Teape&Jones,Messrs.Tower-hill3 3 

Thodey, Mr. Poultry 1 1 

Thompson, Mr.N.Colebrook-row 110 

Thompson, Mr. T. ditto 2 2 

Thompson, Mr. W. ditto 1 1 

Thompson, Mr. Hi^h Holbom...! 1 

Thompson, Mr. Frith-street ...1 1 

Thompson, Mr. Oxford-street ...1 1 

Thornton, H. M. T. Clapham 10 10 

Thornton, H, M. P. Grafton-st. .5 5 

Thornton, S.M. P. King's-arms-yd5 5 

Thorrowgood, Mr. Cheapside ...1 1 

ThoiTOwgood, Mr. ditto 1 1 

Thring, Mr. Charlotte-street ...2 2 

ThurlboiTi, Mr. Holborn 1 1 

Tinsley, Mr. Hacknev 10 6 

Toomer, Mr. by Mr. 11, Steven... 1 1 

Towle, Mr. Borough 1 1 

Townley, Mr. Doctors'-commons 110 
Townsend, llev. J. Jamaica-row 110 

Townsend, Mr. HighHolborn ... 1 1 

Tracy, Rev. Mr. Bartlett's-build. 2 2 
Trotman,'Miss, Nelson-sq. City-r. 110 

Tucker, Mr. R. Thames-street... 2 2 

Tucker, Mr. B. ditto 2 2 

Tyler, Mr. Homerton 1 1 

Unwin, Mrs. Kentish-town 2 2 

Upton,Rev.Mr.Brunswick-street 110 

Vaughan,Mrs. Bed-lion-street...! 1 

Venables, Mr. Brewer-street ...5 5 

Viney, Mr. Aldersgate-street ...1 1 

Wackerhill,^rr.Haberdashers'-st.l 1 

Waistell, Mr. Holboni 2 2 

Walker, Mr. Piccadilly 1 1 

Walker, Mrs. Ditto 1 1 

Walley, Mr. Hackney 2 2 

Wallis, Cook, and Hammond, 

Messrs. Trump-street 5 5 

Wallis, Mr. Caniberwell-row ...1 1 

i;845 11 6 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward... 845 11 C 

AVallis, Mr. U])per Conway-st....2 2 

Walton, Mr. Little Britain 1 1 

Warren, Mrs. Stationers'-court...! 1 

Warren, Mr. jun. Ditto .1 1 

Wardall, Mr. Manor-pl. Walw. ... 1 1 

Warmington, ^Ir.Gracechurchst.l 1 
'\\''aters, Mr- W. Providence-row, 

Hacknev 1 1 

Waters, Mrs", ditto 1 1 

Watson, Dr. Deaf & Dumb Asyl. 1 1 

Watts, Mr. T. Throgmorton-str.2 2 
"Waugh, llev. A. Salisbury -place 110 

Wells, Mr. B. Serjeants'-inn 1 1 

Wells, Mr. Dufour-place 1 1 

Wells, Mr. Grove-pl. Camden-to.l 1 

Werninck, Rev. Dr.CamberweUl 1 

Westlev, Mr. Somers-town 2 2 

Westley, Mr. Charlton-st. Isling. 1 1 

West, Mr. Fetter-lane 1 1 

Whiteman, Mr. Charles-street, 

Hampstead-road 1 1 

Wilcoxon, Mr. Lombai'd-street 110 

Willcinson, Mr. Fenchurch-st. ...3 3 
"Wilkinson, iNlr. Jun. Mooi-fields 110 

Wilks, Rev. Matthew, Hoxton 1 1 

Williams, Mr. London-ii. Hack. 1 1 

Williams, Rev. Homerton 1 1 

Williams, Rev. G. Gate-street...! 1 

Willis, Mr. Chatham-place 1 1 

Wilson, Mr. Goldsmith-street. ..3 3 

Wilson, Mr, .T. Denmark-hill ...2 2 

Wilson, Mr. Broker's-row 1 1 

Wilson, Mr. B. Ditto 1 1 

Wilson, Mr. .John, Ditto 1 1 

AVinchester, Mr. Strand 1 1 

Witton, Mi-s. AVells-i-ow, Isling. 1 1 

AVohlenburgh, M r. St. Cather.-st. I 1 

Wontner, Mr. Minories 1 1 

Wood, Mr. Shoe-lane 10 6 

Wood, Mrs, Church-st. Whitec. 10 6 

"^^^oodward, Mr. Honduras-wh. 1 1 

Woodward, Mrs. Ditto 1 1 

Wright, Mr. Stamford-hill 1 1 

Wyatt, Mr. Coleman-street 1 1 

Y. H 1 1 

Yates, Mr. Cursitor-street 1 1 

Yates, Mr. John, Ditto 1 1 

Yockney, Mr. Bedford-street ...1 1 

Young, Mr. Bear-street 1 1 

Young, Mrs. Ditto 1 1 

Young, Mr. Tower-st.SevenDialsl 1 

Zeiglehaupt, Petticoat-lane 1 1 0, 

jCOOS 8 6 



( xvii. ) 



DONATIONS, COLLECTIONS, <^e. 



IN LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. 



£ t. 

A. S. by Rev. ISIr. Dunn 10 






AUinson, Mr. W. Cambenvell 1 

Amicus 1 

Anonymous, by llev. Dr. 

Winter .' 500 

Anonymous 100 



Anonnnous 12 



B. S 25 

B. C. by Rev. J. Leitdnld 1 1 

B. Miss, (lilto 1 

Bennet, Rev. O. and Friends, 

Lambetb 8 17 

Bittlcston, Mr. J. Norton-str. 

Mary-le-bone 10 10 

Bridf^iian, Rev. Mr. a Friend 

by him 

Buck, Rev. C Sunday School 
Children at Grub-street Cha- 

jiel, by hmi 

Donations and Subscrip- 
tions bv several Friends 

at ditto 17 4 

A Friend by him 1 

Burden, Mr. Bedl'ord-street... 1 
Burton, Miss, School, Kentish- 
tov/n 2 



1 1 



1 10 C 



Eros . 



Fetter-lane Female Prayer 

Meeting, by Mrs. Moss 

Fisher, Mrs. and Miss Toms, 

Hackney 2 

Folgham, Mrs. Montpelier-row 1 
Friend to the poor Heathen... 1 
Founders' Hall Meeting, bv 

Rev. Mr. Strutt .". 22 

Ditto, Sunday School 

ditto ' 3 

Friend at Silver-i^t. Chapel ... 1 







1 6 



Christ Church Spital-fields An- 
nual Collection, 1813 180 



D.N.J ; 1 

Davies, Mr. James, Hackney 10 10 
Downin", Mr. T. at Suitv 

Chapel .'. 2 12 C 

Draper, Mr. Islington 10 10 



10 



8 15 G 



8 2 



D 



Ji9\ 



4 n 



£ s. a 

Broughtforward...9j3 4' 11 

Friend, by Rev^ Mr. Jones... 2 2 

Friend to Missionary Cause ... 5 

Friend, a 7 6 



G. S. R 1 

G. S. R 1 

Garling, Mr. Tottenham-court 

Chapel 1 

Garwood, Mr. R. Mansei-st.... 1 
Gate Street Chapel 31issionary 

Prayer Meeting 11 



J. R. 



H.M.J 4 

Hajiier, Mr. Thomas, Brixton lOO 

Haye, Miss E. from a few Chil- 

<lren at Bethnall-gTeen 2 14 6 

Hoh-well Mount Chapel Sun- 
day School 7 

Singers of ditto 5 7 6 

Young Females 5 17 1 

Howe, Mr. J. Islington 2 

Hope-street Chapel, Spital- 

lields, Sunday School.. 6 

Hunt, i\ir. Yv'. Owen's-row 10 



5 



Kennington Sunday School, by 

Mr. G. Medley 8 

Kemiion, Mr. T 10 10 

L. A. Barbican 1 



M. S. by Rev. G. B 10 

Muny, Lady Ann, by Rev. R. 

Hill ". 5 

Mackley, Mr. Tottenham-court 

Chapel 4 11 

Madden, Rev. Mr. & Friends, 

Aldersgate-street 10 10 

Miles's-lane Sundav School, by 

Rev. Mr. Fletcher 40 

Moody, Mr. S. and a few 

Female Friends, Auxiliary 

Gleanings by Mr. "Wilkes..'. 6 



O N 1 

O S. W 2 12 6 

;eil74 17 9 



AUXILIARY SOCIETIES 



£ t. d. 

Brought forward... 1174 17 9 

O S. W 4 

Omicron 100 O 

Orang-e-street Chapel Annual 

Meetmg, 1813 66 15 6 

Ph-ie, Mr. J. Camberwell 10 10 

Poulton, Mr. C. by INIr. 

Langton 10 

Redford's, Mrs. School, a few 

voung Ladies, Hoxton 4 

Richards, llev. John 110 

llothwell, Mr. R. King-street, 

Cheapside 10 10 

a J .-... 18 10 

S. W 4 

S. xV. G 10 

Sherratt, Sergeant, by Rev. 

Mr. Hackett 10 

Silver-street Chapel, at the 

Annual Meeting, 18! 3 83 15 4 

Simpson, Mr. John, Bush-lane 10 10 
Sion Chapel, at the Annual 

Meeting, 1813 166 2 3 

Sion Clhapel Sunday School 

Children 9 17 5 

Slv, John 1 

Stephens, Mr. J. Claphani ... 10 10 
Stookwell Monthly Missionary- 

Pi-ayer Meeting 16 10 6 

jei686 18 7 



£ *. /• 
Brought for ward... 1686 18 t 
SiuTv Chapel, at the Annual 

Meeting', 1813 500 

Sutherland, Mi-s Juvenile 
Female Missionary Society 
at her school, Stepney-green 2 16 10 

T. L.H.J 5 

T.S 1 

Tabernacle, at the Annual 

Meeting, 1813 174 2 G 

Ditto, Female Claas 3 

Ditto, the Children of tlie 

Catechetical School 8 6 6 

Tottenham Court Chapel, at 

the Annual Meethii?, 18 13.. .252 10 
Ditto, a few Friends at a 

Prayer Meeting 5 5 

Townsend, Rev. J. Jamaica-r. , 

a few Boys of the Beimondsey 

Sunday School by him 4 

Ditto, Jamaica-row Femide 

Charity Sunday School ditto 19 

W. B. by Mr. Fhnt 1 

W 10 

Waugh, Rev. A. Salisbury- 
place, a Female by him 110 

Y.J 10 

Young, Mr. Tottenham Covu-t 

Chapel lU 

i:2666 10 S 



AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. 



IN LONDON AND ITS VICINITY 



Bkihnai.l Green, Mr. Joi 

Mead, Treasurer, 1813 
Ten months of 1814 
Annual Suhscrihcn at 10*. C<7. 

and ujrwards. 
Acutt, Rev. John ...1 1 
Barlow, Mrs. Ann ...0 10 
Baker, .Mr. .Tames ...0 10 

Bennett, Mr. 10 

Berry, Mr. .1. 10 

Bishop, Mr. Joseph... 10 6 



jC «. rf. 



, 


101 


14 


11 




80 


12 


7 



6 








6 








6 








6 








6 








£182 


7 


6 



f .V. d 
Brought forward ... 1 82 7 «> 

Bishop, :Mrs. H 13 

Blackmore, Mr 10 6 

Bovd, .Mr. Hugh ...0 10 6 
BoVd, Mrs. Sarah ...0 10 6 

Bonner, Mr. J. 10 6 

Brett, Mr.W 10 6 

Bridgman, Mr. J. ...0 10 6 
Brown, Rev. Will....O 10 6 
Broadhurst, Miss A. 10 6 
Buckingham, Mr. S. 10 6 

iCl83 7 6 



7.V LOXnO]S.r Au\D ITS VICINITr. 



£ e. d. 
Hrmii'ht forward.. .182 .7 G 

l^Tirles, Mr. WilHam 10 fi 

Calladinc, Mr. John 12 

Chanman, Mr. John 10 « 

Clarke, Mrs. Hannah 10 6 

CoUett, Mr. W 10 (5 

•Crockf'onl, Mr. T. J. 10 6 

Daniel, Mr. T 10 6 

Baycock, Mr. John 10 6 

Daycock, ."Mr. J. C. 10 f? 

Diamonil, Mr. 1). ...0 10 0, 

D^TTiock, Ml-. Francis 10 6 

Dyster, Mr. John ...0 12 

<iilbert, Mr. W. Jim. 1 

dladdinfr, ISlr. John 1 6 

Gooch, Mrs. Eliz. ...0 10 6 

Gutteridge, Mrs. F* 10 6 

Hale, Mr. Stephen... 10 6 

Hardenham, Mr. C. 13 

Hardy, Mr. C. A. II. 10 (5 

Heaps, Mr. lliehard 13 

Hunt, Mr. 11. T. ...0 10 6 

Hurst, Mr. H 10 fi 

Hone^Tnan, Mr. D. 10 6 

Horsiiian, Mr. Tim. 12 

Jenk-ins, Mr. T 10 6 

I^angtbrd, Rev. 11.. .0 10 6 

Ijawrance, Mr. D. ...0 10 6 

I-ees, Mr 1 

jA-richeux, Miss M. 13 

liindeman, F. Esq....l 

Maling, G. Fsfi l o o 

"Manger, Mr. .". 1 

Manning, Mr. W 10 6 

Matthews, Mr. H 12 

Mead, Mr. Joseph ...1 l 

Mead, Mrs. Eliz. ...0 10 <J 

Northam, Mr. Cico. 10 ■fi 

Xortham, Mrs. S. ...0 10 6 

Parry, Mr. William 10 6 

Pashon, Mr. W .0 10 6 

Passnnirc, Mr. J. ...0 10 fi 

IMercy, ]{ev. J. S. ...G 10 fi 

Pige,'Mr 10 fi 

I'ushee. Mr. S 10 6 

Sheffield, Mr. G 10 6 

Sinniions, Mr. James 10 (i 

Smith, Mr. Henry. ..0 13 

Smith, Mr. John.'.... .0 10 (> 

Snewin, Mr 10 6 

Stanley, Mr. John .,.() 10 6 

Strange, Mr. .Ioiin...O 10 6 

Sysum, Mr. Thomas 10 6 

Thomason, Mr. T 10 fi 

M'ells, Mr. William 13 

AVii-kins, ISlr. T 12 

AVood, Mr. P. W. ...0 10 6 

Wyath, Mr. Henry 10 6 
Sundry small Siib- 
wrijitions. 

i'l82 7 6 



£ s (1. 
Brought forwaid... 182 7 6 
Broad Stueet Society, 
conducted by 1 Kadiea 3S 

Ci.ERKEKWEi.t. Auxiliary 

Society, by Mr. Dudley, 

Treasurer 100 C 

Allingham, Mr l8 

Aspin, Mr IS 

Austin, Mr. Ixiward 1 1 

A\Tes, Mr IS 

liayHe, Mr I 1 

Eennet, Mr 12 

Bird, Mrs 12 

Bliss, Mr. 10 6 

Baulton, Mr 1« 

Bradshaw, Mr, 12 O 

Bi-adshaw, :\h-s 12 

Bradshaw, Miss 12 

Buddie, Mr 12 

Burge, Mr 12 

Cannon, Mr. 12 

Campion, Mrs 12 

Clark, Miss S 1 1 

Cook, Rev. .lames ...0 12 

Connigrave, Mr 12 

Crosslev, Mrs 11 « 

I)ando,'Mr. 1 1 

Davison, Mr. 12 

Dudley, Mr. 1 1 

Feinafe Friends' Branch 

Societv 2 

Fleetwood^ Mr. 12 

Fox, Mr 13 

Fox, Mrs 12 

Green, Mr. 12 

Goddaixl, Mrs 12 

Haines, Mr, 1 4 

Hultbrd, Mr 12 

Hilditch, Mr 1 2 

Holmes, Mr. sen. ...0 12 

Holmes, Mr. jun. ...0 !2 

Holmes, ^[r. C 12 

Holmes. Mr. W 12 

Holm(is,Mesxl.H.&E.0 l2 

Hunot, Mrs IB 

Justins, Mr 12 

Immvns, Miss o 1^^ *> 

Matthews, Mr. W....0 12 

Man-iott, Mrs i2 

Morgan, Mr. ..0 lij 

Nfiibr, Miss ..0 12 

Nevill, Mr. sen 12 

Nevill, Mrs. ditto ...0 12 

Nevill, Mr.jun o 12 O 

Nevill, Mrs. ditto ...0 12 I) 

Nevill, Miss 12 

Nicholls, Mr 1 2 

Owen, Mr 1 4 

Penington, Mr. -...,.0 12 « 

JL3H 7 i 



D 2 



XX. 



AUXILIARY SOCIJETIES 



£ .'. <^. 
Brought forward.. .314 7 6 

Pitts, Mr. 12 

Sapsworth, Mr. 12 

wSelby, Mr 10 6 

Simco, Mr 12 

Simco, Miss 12 

Sunnier, Miss M. ...0 12 

Sumner, Miss S 12 

Tam, Mr. \ \ 

Tlioi-pe, Mr. sen. ...0 12 

Thorpe, Mr. jun. ...0 12 

Titchiner, Mr. 12 

Tite, Mr 12 

Walker, Mr 1 

Warner, I\Ir 12 

Wilson, Mr 12 

Wilson, IMr. jun 12 

Wilson, Mr. 12 

Williams, Mr 12 

Wright, Mr. G 12 

Wright, I\Ir. A 12 

Young Females' Branch 

Society 3 10 

Young ]\Ien's Ditto 4 4 
108 who subscribed 

under \0s. 6d. per 

annum. 

East Lo:jdon Auxiliary 

Society, by G. Green, Esq. 

Treasurer , 148 10 3 

Aiiniial. 

Adams, iNIr 10 6 

Anderson, Mr. It, ...0 l2 

Brooks, K. L. Esq.... 1 1 

Brooks, Mrs ,...0 10 6 

Brooks, Miss Mary... 10 6 

Bromley, Mr. John... 1 1 

Bridgman, Mr. E. ...1 1 

Bridgman, Mrs. F....0 10 6 

Batger, Mr. John ...1 1 

Brewer, INIrs 1 1 

Bruton, Mrs. 1 6 

Cheap, Mr. John 1 1 

Cheap, Mr. jun 10 6 

Cheap, Miss 10 6 

Charles, Mr 1 1 

Copeland, Mr. A. ...0 12 

Cloutt,Ilev. Thomas I l 

Cochrane, Mr l l 

Carr, Mr. John <) 12 

Corty, :\Irs 12 

Creed Mr 1 1, 

Dix, i\!r. Thomas ...0 10 6 

Dick, Mr. G 12 

Ellis, Mr 1 I 

Ellis, INlrs, 10 

F.asum, M. Esq 1 1 (i 

Emei-son, Mr 1 1 

Elliot, Mr. 12 

French, Mr 1 

i.-162 17 9 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward... 462 !T 9 

Foulgee, ^Jr. John...l I 

Ford, Rev. George...! 1 

Ford, Mr. G 1 1 

FriendbyMrEmcrsonl 1 

Friend, by I\lr. Gates 1 

Field, Rev. W I 1 

Green, Mr. John ...\ 1 

Green, Mrs 10 6 

Hubbock, Mr. 1 1 0- 

Ilubbock, Mrs 1 l 

Hawkins, IMr. ..0 12 

Huttman, Mr. W. ...0 10 6 

Halcrow, Mrs 1 

Hipwood, Mr 1 

Huttman, Mrs I 1 

Hannaman, Mr 12 

Humphrey, Mi.ss ...0 12 

Hooper, Rev. John 1 1 

Hid, Mr 1 1 

Hilditch, Mr I l 

Han-is, Mr. A 10 6 

Hooper, Mr. .T 1 1 

Hyatt, Rev. Charles 10 6 

Kilday, Mr 1 

Lulm'an, Mrs 10 6 

Lotherington, Mr. ...1 1 

Llovd, Mr 10 6 

M'Nellage, Mr. ......I l 

jNlartin, Mr. 1 1 

Monds, Mr. T 1 1 o 

jMartin, i\r. A. 1 1 

Morgan, Mr 1 1 

Martm, Mr 1 1 

Gates, Rev. W. 1 1 

Pouncey, Mr. M. ...1 1 

Printup, Mr. J 12 

Printup, Mr. jun. ...0 ]2 6 

Potts, Mr. 1 1 

Pitts, Mr 1 1 

Patrick, Mr. W 1 1 

Reed, Rev. A. .;.... 1 1 

Reed, Mr. A 1 1 

Ring, IMr. 1 

Reed, Mrs 10 6 

Reed, Mr. 12 

School, New Road 

Female Sabbath... 2 5 
School, New Road 

Charity 2 13 

School, New Road 

Sunday 2 8 Q 

School, young Ladies 

at Mrs. Rose's 4 14 (i 

School, Shakespear's 

Walk 12 o 

Stevens, Mr. H 10 6 

Sumner, Mr. E 12 

Stiles, Mr I I 

Tumer, Mr. ...1 1 

Tnulall. Mr. E 2 2 

JLi(i2 17 9 



IX LOXDOX AND ITS VICINITY. 



£ .V d. 
Brought lbrwavil...4(J2 17 i) 

Thompson, Miss \2 

•J'hom]jsoii, -Mrs 12 

Thomas, Mrs 12 

'I'an'ington, Mr. 1 1 

Vautiri, Kov. J 1 1 

Wrurht, Mr. 12 

West, Mr. 1 1 

Wriijht, .Mr 1 1 

Williams, Rev. T....1 1 
IV'itli lui/rhj 1500 (juar- 
icrhj aubscr'ihcrs. 

Fktter Lane, Joseph Bun- 
nell, Esq. Treasurer 31 2 

Annual. 

Bates, Mr 10 6 

JMossom, Mr 1 u 

JJromlev, Mr 1 

iJumiell, Jos 1 

Cllttbrd, Mr ID (> 

Cooper, Mrs 10 6 

I)owniii<r, Mrs U) 

Doylev, Mr. i 

I'uves,'Mrs ^...1 1 

F-lston, Mr 10 

Tooks, Mr 10 

(Jawthome, Mrs. ...I 1 

(iouldsmith, T 1 1 

Cieor-re, Mrs 10 

JTaucox, Mrs. T. ...1 1 

ITerhert, Mr 10 

J-.uld, Mr 10 

KiiiiT, .Mr 10 

I/,!wrence, Mr 10 

I,ca, Mrs 12 

ISl'Math, Mr 12 n 

Odv, Mr 10 6 

rearsall, Mr 12 

J{oviioIds, Mr 10 

Stiff, Mr. T 1 1 

Salter, Mr I 

Scott, Mr 10 () 

Sjiarkc, Mr 10 

Tibhctts, Mr 10 

Valentino, Mr 10 

"Walton, Mr 10 G 

Wightrnan, Mr. ...0 10 

Female Society 4 

Juvenile Missionary and Bi- 
ble Society, bv Miss Grif- 
fiths .....' ." 36 14 6 

Hacknky Society, William 

Pearson, Esq. Treasin-er... 113 6 5 
Anniail. 
Aldcrsey, Mr. W. ...1 6 
Alers, Mr. &,Familv3 
Austin, Mr. <StFamily2 18 
Au:>tin, Mrs. and J.' 12 4 

jCGBl S 



£ 
Bi'ought for ward... 6y l 

Ballev, :\liss 12 

Barnard, W. & J. ...0 IT 4 

Baihlon, Mr 10 

Belnap, S. .J. and .\(.0 13 

Bidlake, Mr. 10 

Bovd, Mrs I 2 

Brettan, Mr. 1 

Briirht,.Mr.& Family 2 12 

Burder, Rev. H. .'..1 1 
Burgess, I^ieut.Col. 110 
BiuTell, Mrs. and 

Young Ladies 8 8 

Bm-ford, A. & C. ...0 12 

Champ,Mr.&Family 1 12 

Child, Mr. & Family 114 

(Uay ton, llev. John 10 
Collison, Rev. G. & 

Students 3 18 

Crammond, .Mrs. and 

Master 16 

Craney, Mr 1 

Fisher, Mrs. & Miss 

Toms 16 

Gaviller, Mr. and Ser- 
vants 1 1 

Gaviller, Miss A.&H.O 12 

Gandell, Mr 1 

Cioodhart, Mr. 1 1 

Greaves, Mr 12 

Guilionneau, Mr. ...0 12 

Ditto, Miss 10 6 

Gray, E 12 

Guiin, Mr 1 

Hale, Mr. & l\amily 2 8 

Heudehourck, Mr. ...1 

Hayward, J 10 6 

Hilt, Mrs 12 

Horner, Mrs 1 

Jackson, Mr. (Sc Mrs. 13 

Jarvis, Mr. T 10 

Jones, Mrs 12 

Kemp, Mr.F.L&E.O 18 8 

Lack, Mr. J 12 

Langton, Mr. and 

Family 2 

Lawrence, Mr 10 

Lister, Mr,& Servants 1 12 

Mather, Mrs 1 6 

A l-'riend bv Ditto 13 

Moore, J .-.." 10 

MouUeir, W 10 

Musgrove, Mrs 1 1 

Muscutt,TE.M.(ScA 17 4 

Pearson, Mr 1 6 

Pearson, Mrs I G 

Parker, Mr. and Mrs 18 8 

Parkinson, Mr 10 6 

Pretlove, Mr 10 G 

Price, Mr 1 1 

Ramsdalc, :Mr 1 

Savile, Mr 1 1 



£681 8 



AUXILIARY SOCIETIES 



£ s d. 
Brought forwnrd ... 68 1 u S 

"Slark, Mr. & W. 1 G 6 

Simpson, Mr 1 6 

Smith, Dr. M. 11 aiid 

P. H 18 

Smith, Mrs 10 6 

Snewin, Miss 18 

Surgey, Mr. „ 10 

TarBiig,Mr.andMissO Mi 

Tizzard, Mr 10 6 

Todrig,Mr & Family 2 2 
Tothetingham, Mrs. 

& young Ladies ... 1 6 

Tyler, Mr. & Mrs ...0 10 

Underliill, Mr 10 

Wenham, Mr. & Mrs 14 

Wafford, Mr. & Son 1 16 6 

DcmatUnh% 

Banger, Mr ? I 

TJanger, Mr jim ...3 

Cole, Mr. KingsLandS 

Friend by ^h-.Collis«nl 

Do. by Mr. Pearson 1 

Ivoddiges, Mr. W S 

^Mather, .Mrs 5 

WaiTen, Mrs 1 1 

f«chool of Industn- in 

Kohemia Place, by 

Mrs Norton, 1812 
diildren who Iiavp 

left the School ...3 
^hose that are in the 

School 2 5 « 

Ditto, ditto, 1813 ...6 6 
At the -iVnnual Meet- 
ing 2 18 ? 

150 under 10s. per annum, 

Hampstead, at the Rev. Mr. 
Wraith's Chapel, by Mi-s. 
Phillips, Treasurer S") 5 7 

fjoi-YWEi,!. MorxT Oiapei, 

Rev. Mr. Piatt's 32 7 6 

Hope Street Chnpel Auxi- 
liary, by J. Swaine 11 6 

HoxTON Female Auxiliary 

Society, by Miss Wilson... 105 
Annual. 

Anstee, Miss A. 10 6 

Bickham, Mrs 12 

Bibbins, Mrs. 12 

BkcL-all, Mrs 12 

Blackburn, Mrs 10 (5 

Brooks, Mrs 12 

Brooks, Miss ..0 10 6 

Urooks, Miss H 10 6 

Brooks, Miss S 10 6 

Bunn, Miss 12 

Bumsted, Mr* 1 

J85> 3 3 



£ s. d. 
Frougbt fbnrard...850 3 3 

Charlesworth, Miss...0 10 6 

Clement, Miss 10 6 

Clement, Miss R. ...0 10 6 

Cousins, Afrs 1 4 

Crawford, Miss 10 G 

Crawford, Miss A. ...0 10 6 

Fisher, .Miss 12 

Fleureau, Miss 10 6 

Fleureau, INUss MariaO 10 6 

Fry, Mrs 10 6 

Hadlow, Miss 12 

Haslewood, Mrs 10 6 

Harlow, Miss A...;.. .0 10 6 

Hune, Miss 12 

Hills, Mrs 10 6 

Holmes, Miss 16 

Hughes, Mrs. 12 o 

Huhne, Miss E 12 

Jackson, Mrs 12 

Jennings, >h-s. 11 

Jeula, Mrs. 12 

Johnson, Mrs 12 

Lacy, xMrs 12 

Lecaud, Mrs 12 

l^acon, Mrs. » 1 

Ijericheux, Ann 18 

Lewis, Mi-s 2 

Liddon, Mrs 10 6 

Mav, Mrs 10 6 

Maitbv, Mrs. „ 1 

M'Lellan, 3liss 12 

Needham, Mrs 10 6 

Nobbs, Mrs. 12 

Oddv, Miss 12 

Ord'.Mrs 10 6 

Park-inson, iNIrs 10 6 

Parkinson, Miss 10 6 

Parvin, Mi-s 12 

Pope, Mrs 12 

Pope, Miss 10 6 

Pope, Miss M 12 Q 

Pope, Miss Lydia ...0 12 

Pope, Miss Lucy .,.0 12 

Prosser, Mrs. ..'. 10 6 

Randall, Mrs 10 6 

Renton, Mrs 1 

Renton, Miss 10 6 

Robinson, Mrs. 5 

Skeffington, Mrs. ...0 12 

Slirubsole, Miss 12 

Shiiibsole, Miss A....0 10 6 

Smith, Mrs 12 

Stoner, Mrs. 10 6 

Surgrove, Mrs. 12 

Tavlor, Mrs. A t 

Taylor, Mrs 12 

AVait, Mrs 10 G 

Ward, Mrs 10 6 

Ward, Miss 10 6 

AVilson, Mrs. sen. ...0 10 6 

Wilson, Mi-s 16 

i850 3 8 



IX LONDON AND ITS. VICINITY. 



£ .T d 

Brought for ward... S:;> :] :i 

Wilson, Miys 1 

WiiJvWorth, Mi-s. ...0 12 
Winkwoith, Miss ...0 12 
AVilliams, Mrs. Jane 12 

Jewin Stuket Chapel Penny 

Society, by llev. Mr. \^''ood 1 3 4 

IsLiNGTOv Union Chapel 
Auxiliary Socitty, by Mr. 

Steell, Treasurer ICA J 6 

Annual. 

Bassano, Mr. 10 6 

Bassano, JMr3 10 6 

Barlow, Mr 1 1 

BaUachey, Mr \ 1 

Baniford, Mrs,, Miss 
Norton.&theyouiu' 

ludiesof their school I 10 6 

Bcvan, Mr. W n 10 G 

Bcnham, Mr 1 1 

Benliam, Mi-s 1 1 

Bonnet, Mr l l 

Blcachley, Miss 10 6 

Blacketti Mrs 1 1 

Bhu-kett, Mr. J.jun. 1 l 

Bone, Mr lo 6 

BroAniing, Miss : 10 6 

Bradley, Mr 10 6 

Broad,'Mr 1 i 

Campion, Mrs i l 

Campion, Mr. John 110 

Camjnon, Miss 10 6 

Campion, Mr. James 10 6 

Catechumens, a few 
at Union Chapel, 

their mites 3 18 6 

Child, Mr ] 4 

Clcwlow, Mrs 10 6 

Clark, Mr 1 

Clark, MLss 1 

Chirk, Mr. Bell 1 1 

Cordon, Mr 1 1 

Cowie, Mr. J. jun. ...0 10 C 

Cowie, Mrs. J. imi....O 10 G 

Cowie, Mr. John ...1 1 

Cowie, -Mrs 1 

Colhnfp-idjre, Mrs. ...0 12 

Cooper, Mr 1 i o 

Cooper, Miss 10 (J 

Drajier, Miss 1 1 

Dupont, Mr 10 6 

Eiides, Mrs. 1 1 

Eddis, Mr 1 1 

Kddis, Mrs. 1 

Fisher, Mr 1 1 

Flight, Mrs 10 

Ford, Mrs 2 

« A Friend 1 l 

A Friviid 10 G 



£ s. d. 
Brought foi-ward... 959 12 1 

Frver, Mr 1 1 

Geary, Mr 1 1 

George, Mr I 1 

George, Mrs 1 t 

Gee, ;VJLss 10 6 

Gouldsmith, Mr. ...1 1 

Gordon, Mrs 1 1 

Grace, Mr t 1 

Grace, Mrs 1 1 

Grace, Mr I 1 

Grace, Miss lU 6 

Grace, Miss K 10 6 

Grace, Misdlkl () 10 6 

Grimes, Mr 1 1 

IIab<^ood, Mr 1 

Harrison, Mr. 1 1 

HaiTvman, Mr 1 1 

Hebert, Mr 1 1 

Hearne, Miss 10 h 

Howell Miss&sei-vantO 18 6 

Humphries, Mr. I 1 

Jollifte, Mr tO 6 

Kevmer, Mr. 10 6 

King, Mrs 10 6 

Xirkman, Mr 10 6 

J^ngham, Mrs 1 1 o 

I,angham, Miss 10 6 

I^mhert, Mrs 10 6 

Lewis, Rev. T I 1 

I^mon, Mr. and the 

young gentlemen 

belonging to his 

school 4 

Lloyd, Mr 10 6 

Marsom, Mrs. 10 6 

Mayor, Mr 1 1 

Melvill, Mrs 10 6 

Mickle, Mr \ 1 

Ncesoni, Mr, 1 1 

Peel, Mr 10 6 

Plant, Mr. 1 1 

Pool, Mrs. I 1 

Price, Mrs 12 

Priestley,Misscs &the 

youngladiesl)elong- 

"ing tu their sc-hool 2 10 
Priestley,Misscs,their 

sen-ants 12 6 

Pui-dv, Mr 10 G 

Radiord, Miss 10 6 

Reid, MLss 10 6 

Rosser, Mr. 10 6 

Robertson, Mr 10 6 

SchiUiaig, Sir. and the 

yoinig- gentlen\en 
j belonging to liis 

1 school 3 12 G 

School of Industry, 

Union (Chapel, the 

j,nrls belonging to it 2 



i^.i9 \2 I 



1959 12 1 



A CXI LIAR Y SOCIE TIES 



£ s. 
Brought forward.,. 9o9 12 

Springall, Mr i i o 

Steell, Mr. R. G o 10 6 

Steell, Mrs 10 (i 

Steell, Mrs 10 6 

Starey, Mrs 1 1 () 

Street, Misses 10 6 

Streetin, Mr. lO 6 

Stunt, Mrs 10 6 

Stott, Mr 10 6 

Stonai'd, .Mi-s lO 6 

Teulons, Miss 1 l 

Trueman, Master J. 10 6 

Trueman, Miss 10 6 

Trinder, Mrs l l o 

"Vilette, Mrs. 1 l 

Waters, Mr. Q lO 6 

Warren, Mr i l 

Watkins, Miss, her 

servant 10 6 

Wood, Mr. 1 1 

Wyatt, ISIr. l 1 

Wyatt, Mrs 1 l 

Wyatt, Miss 1 1 

Wyatt, Mr. R. B. ...1 1 

Yiillop, Mr 1 1 

Kensington Society Rev. Mr. 

Liefchild's .' 20 2 

Juvenile ditto 2 

MiLEs's Lane Juvenile Aux- 
iliary' Society, by Rev. A. 

Fletcher ,.,. 80 

Annual. 

Anonymous 12 

Blyth, James, Esq. 1 l 

Kro\vn, Mr. James... 1? 

CabeU, Mr 12 

Cole, Mr. W 12 

Children and S. B ...0 14. *; 

Crafter, Masters IS u 

Dauglish, Mr. G. ...1 i 

Dauglisli, Mr. E. ...0 12 f 

Da%'idson, Miss .'•laryO l2 

Gilbert,Master&MissO 12 o 

Hawkins, Mr. E. ...0 12 

Lashbrooke, Miss E 12 
Lunelle, Sweet, and 

Sadler, Misses 12 

Mullens, Mr. W. J. 18 

Mann, Mrs. Ann ...0 10 

Nixon, Masters 12 

Price, J. Esq 1 l Q 

Powell, Miss 12 o 

Rushby, Mr. J 12 

Roope, Masters 18 

Simpson, Mr. G 12 

Stafford, Master J. l2 

Saltmarsh, Mr. H. ...0 12 

Strange, Mr. J. jun. l o u 

.;fl'ei It 







£ s. d 
Brought forward.. .ICGi 14. 1 
Strange,Mr.WHjun 1 
Thomas, Miss Ann 12 
Trenchard, I\Ir. S ...0 12 
AVilUamson, Mr. D. 1.2 

Walker, Mr. D 12 

Williams, -Mr. W....0 12 

Wilson, Mr. G 12 

200 wlio subscribe less than 
10s. 6d. per annum. 

Peckham Auxiliary, by Rev. 

Dr. CoUyer .....'.....' 23 11 

Stockwell Auxiliary, T. 

Hay ter, E,sq. Treasurer ... 50 

Sunnv Chapel Female Mis- 
sionary Association, by Mr. 

Neaie" '. 102 16 3 

Annual. 

Bailey, Mrs 1 

Booth, Mrs 1 

Brown, Miss 10 6 

Bugden, Mrs 1 

ChaUenor, Mrs 11 

Ching, Mrs 10 G 

Churchill, Miss 12 

Churchill, MissP^psoml 

Clark, Mrs. Belmont- 

place I 

Clark, Mrs. Peckliam 1 1 

Harby, ?>Jrs 10 6 

Darby, Miss 10 6 

Dodson, Miss 10 6 

Dod-son, Miss A 10 6 

Field, Mrs 10 6 

Forsters, Misses 1 1 

Fuce, Mrs 10 6 

Fuce, Miss 10 6 

Hill, Mrs 1 1 

Hughes, Mrs 12 

Kill-man, Mrs 1 1 

Morris, Mrs 10 6 

Neale, .Mrs 1 1 

Neale, Mrs. B 1 1 

Nottage, Mrs. 10 

Nottage, Miss 10 6 

Page, Mrs 10 6 

Peach, Mrs 1 

Piatt, Mrs 1 1 

Preston, Mrs 1 

Sells, Mrs 10 6 

Sells. Miss 10 G 

Smith, Mrs 10 6 

Townly, Mrs Margate 10 6 

Turner, Mrs 10 6 

Yea, Mrs. Stamford- 
hill 1 1 

Colkded by 

Alman, Mrs 3 3 6 



£12.38 1 4 



IN LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. 



xxr^ 



£ s. d 
Brought forward 1238 1 1. 

Beams, Miss l 12 8 

Burld, Miss 2 5 1 

Burford, Miss 6 19 1 

Carter, Miss 5 6 8 

Cooper, iMiss 5 2 1 

Davies, INlrs 5 15 i 

Eaton, Mrs 7 16 3 

Hadland, Miss 2 5 7 

Lambert, Mrs. 14 9 

Lucey, Miss 2 H 3 

Newsham, Miss 9 3 3 

Peterson, Miss 3 3 7 

Pushee, Miss 2 7 1 

Tavlor, Miss 2 8 10 

Thatcher, Mrs 7 12 8 

Wadsworth, Miss ...1 1 8 

Williams, Miss 5 17 1 

Williamson, Miss ...1 10 

Tabernacle Society, Rev. 

Matthew Wilks, Treasurer 154 A 6 
Annual 

Alexander, Mr. J....t 1 

Andrews, Mr 1 4 

Andrews, Mr. J 12 

Ariel, Mr Samuel... 10 6 

Arnold, Mr. B 1 l 

Ashley, Mr. Henry 1 1 

liaker', Mr. Thomas 12 

Bateman, W. Esq ...1 1 

Bleare, Mr 12 

Boggis, .Mrs 10 6 

Bo,g<jis, -Miss 10 6 

Bowles, .Mrs 10 6 

Brown, Mr l2 

Brown, !\Ir. R 13 

Breter, .Miss 12 

Brouqhton 10 6 

Chinn, Mr 13 

Chappie, Mr. W. ...0 13 

Chajjple, Mr 13 

Chawnier, Miss 12 

Clark, .Mr. & Family 2 12 

Clark, Mr. R .'..0 10 6 

Colwell, Mr 12 

Coast, Mrs 12 

Coa.st, Miss 12 

Con<Tdon, Mr 1 l o 

Crei^, Mr 13 

Creijr, Mrs 12 

Chaplin, Miss 10 6 

Davis, .Mr. Owen ...0 13 

.Deering, Mr 10 6 

Devo, Miss \2 

Dickens, Mr 1 1 

Donation by Mr. 

Wade 10 6 

Ditto, a Friend by 

Mr. Evans .'.0 1 

Duncomb, Mr. ...,.,0 10 6 



E 



S\zo2 a 10 



£ s d. 
Brought forward... 1392 6 Iw 

Duncomb, Mrs 10 6 

Donation bv Mr. Mat- 
thews .' 3 

Ellemen, Mr 11 

Evans, Mr. Thomas 1 1 

Ewens, Mr 12 

Ewen, Mrs. 12 

A Friend by Mr. 

Jukes ..0 12 

Ditto, bv Miss 

Bryant 13 

Frith, Mr 10 10 

Fielding, Mjss 10 6 

Friend, by Mr. Wi- 

therstone ,.•••» 1 ^ 

Fussell, Mr. J 13 

Gardner, Mr ,.1 1 

Gale, Mr 12 

Gravatt, Mr 1 1 

Greenhow, Mr I 1 

Greenwood, Mi-s ...0 13 

Greenwood, Mr. J. 1 1 

Hall, Mr 10 « 

Hammond, Miss 12 

Harper, A. Esq. ...1 1 

Hawke, Mr 10 6 

Hem, Mr 12 

Hewitt, Mr 10 10 

Hewitt, Mrs ..() 10 10 

Hardy, Mr. H 10 6 

Henderson, ^'rs .1 1 {) 

Henderson, Masters 13 

Hersant, Mr. 1 J ^ 

Horam, Mr .0 10 (> 

Hou.seman, Mr ^...,.0 12 

Hubert, Mi-s 12 

Jackson, Mr. G 1 1 

Joslin, Mr. John ...0 10 6 

Jordjm, Miss 10 6 

Immyns, Mrs 12 

Jukes, Mr 12 

Jukes, Mrs 12 

Kincaid, Miss 10 G 

King, Mr 10 6 

King, Mrs 10 6 

Kirby, Mr R o 13 

Knight, Mrs 10 G 

Lambert, Mr 1 1 

I-idhnan, Mrs 1 1 

LefevTe, Mr 13 

Lefe\Te, Mrs. 13 O 

Lockyer, Mr 1 () 

M Miss 12 

Matthews, Mrs 12 

M'^iaster, .Mr 3 

Mears, Mr. James ...1 1 

Millar, Mr 1 

Moody, Mr 12 

Matthews, Mr 10 6 

Nicholson, Mr. D....1 1 

JC1392 c jy 



xX^^. 



AUXILIARY SOCIETIES 



£ >. d. 
Brought forward... 1392 6 10 

Neaves, Mr 1 i o 

Nicklin, Miss "| 

Nicklin, Miss S ... [- 1 1 

Nicklin, MissM... j 

Newton, Mr 13 

Nobbs, Mr 12 

Oliver, Mr 10 6 

Owen, Mr 1 l 

Priest, Mr 12 

Phillips, Mr 12 

Paynter, Mr 1 1 

Pearce, Mr. R 1 l 

Pearson, Mr 1 1 

Perry, Mr. T 1 1 

Roberts, Mr. and 

Family 3 4 

Roberts.'Mr 1 1 

Roberts, Mrs 1 

Rodger, Mr. 14 

Reynolds, Mr 10 6 

Richards, Mrs 12 

Saunders, Mr 1 1 

Scott, Mr. J 1 1 

Slee, Mr.Noah 1 1 

Sharp, Mr 1 11 6 

Selby, Mr 12 

Seaman, Mr 10 6 

Souter, Mr 1 1 

Smith, Mr 1 1 

Smart, Mr. Y 1 2 

The Youthful Bene- 
volent Society, in 
aid of the Mission- 
ary Auxiliary So- 
ciety, 17 Members 

by r>Ir Young 5 8 

Tomlinson, Mr 12 

Wade, Mr 10 6 

Wallis, Mr. Richard 1 1 

Wilcox, Mrs 1 

Wilson, J. Esq 1 l 

WUson, Mrs 1 1 

Wilson, Mr. J. jun. 1 

Wilks, Rev. Mat. ...I 1 

Witherstone, Mr. ...0 10 6 

Whitmore, Mr 12 

Whitling, Mr 1 1 

Windale, Mr 1 1 

"Vidler, Mr 1 1 

Vipond, Miss 1 4 

Tottenham Court Chapel, 
by Rev. .John Hvatt. 

Female Branch 177 4 6 

Male Branch 60 

Brown, Mr. W 12 

Brown, Mr. J 12 

Baddeley, Mr. S t 

Bell, Mr C 10 

Baker, Mr 12 



£1629 11 4 I 



£ .? d.. 
Brought forward... 16';; » II 4 

Bushnell, Mr 10 6 

Broughton, Mr 12 

Bridgen, Mr. J 12 

Crane, Mr P 12 

C. J 12 

Farey, Mr. J 12 

Foulies, Mr A 12 

French, Mr. G 1 I 

GofF, I\Ir 12 

Gunning, Mr 12 

Gyles, Mr I 

Hale, .Mr 10 6 

Hale, Mr 10 6 

Herbert, IMr. J 1 1 

Jacobs, Mr. 10 6 

Jay, J 10 6 

Johnson, Mr.T. H. 1 

Lav, Mr. T 12 

Lauder, Mr 12 

Lauton, Mr 13 

Lockyer, Mr. J 10 

Lyas", Mr 12 

Morgan, Mr 1 

Mackig, .Mr 12 

Marks, Mr 10 6 

May, Mr. E 10 &■ 

Nodes, Mr. O. 12 

Numi, Mr 12 

Parkinson, Mr. T. ...11 

Parkes, Mr. E 12 

Reed, Mr. J 16 

Reid, Mr. G 12 

Reid, Mr W o 12 

Reeve, Mr 12 

Roberts, J. Esq 10 6 

Semple, Mr 10 6 

Shrimpton,Mr.M.A.0 10 

Stocker, Mr. W 12 

Sweetland, Mr 10 6 

White, Mr. W 12 

We%, Mr. D 12 

Wilson, Mr. D 10 6 

88 Subscribers under 

10:s 29 14 6 

West London, Mr. Thomas 
Walker, Treasurer. 

Adelphi Branch 10 

Crown Court Branch, Rev. 

G Greig 66 12 7 

Female Branch. 

Alexander, Mrs 10 6 

Anderson, Mrs 1 

Andrews, Miss 12 

Black, Mrs 10 6 

Blair, Mrs 1 

Byers, Mr 10 6 

Campbell, Mrs. ......1 1 

Cowie, Mrs 10 6 

Cowie, Miss 10 6 

^1706 3 11 



12^ LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward . . . 1 7o6 3 11 

Crei^hton, Mrs i2 

Dav-ies, Mrs l2 

Dixon, Mrs & Misses I 1 

Duer, Mrs 10 6 

FriencUbyMrsYoungl 

Gibson, Mrs 10 6 

Golclie, Miss 10 6 

Gordon, Miss ^2 

Grav, Mrs 10 6 

Gray, Mrs 1 

Greiff, .Mrs 10 6 

Hodges, Mrs 10 6 

Johnston, Mrs. T ...0 10 6 

Lesagc, Mrs 12 

M'l.ollan, Mrs 10 6 

M'lA'Uan, Mrs. A. ...0 10 6 

M'AMiianie, Mrs. ...0 10 6 

Morrison, Mr 10 6 

Nicholson, Mrs 10 6 

Pitney, Mrs 1 

Poole", Miss 10 6 

Held, .Mrs. T 10 6 

Ileid, Mrs. W 10 6 

lleid. Miss 10 6 

Iteid, Miss E 10 6 

Reid, iMiss M 10 6 

Rennie, Mrs 10 6 

Kentoul, Mrs i 1 

Steven, Mrs 10 6 

Stephenson, Mrs. .,.0 10 6 

Thorne, .Miss 10 (J 

Walker, Miss 10 6 

Wallace, Mrs 10 6 

Wallace, Miss 10 6 

Weather.stone, Mrs 10 6 

Weatherstone, Miss 10 6 

Webster, .Mrs 12 

Wilkie, Mrs 10 6 

Young, Mrs 10 6 

Young, Mrs. J l 1 

Gate Street Branch, Rev. 

G. Williams 36 7 9 



Orakge Street Branch ... 
Namrs of Siibscnhcis of lOs. Hd. 

and iipxcards per annum, 

1813-14. 
Arnold, Mr. James... 10 6 

Ash, Mr 1 1 

Arundall, Mrs 12 

Bishop, Mr 1 

Buck, Mr 10 6 

Burrows, Mr 1 

Bvfield, .Mr 1 

Blazdell, Mr 1 l 

Castle, Mr 10 6 

Crozier, Mr. F 1 1 

Crozier, Mrs F 1 1 



88 16 6 



E 2 



£1831 8 2 



Brought forward... 1831 8 2 

Colwell, .Mrs l2 

Chajppell, Mr 12 

Davidson, Mr 1 1 

Davies, Mr 1 1 

Freeman, .Mrs 12 

Goodchild, Mrs 10 6 

Gill, Mrs 1 1 

Giblett, Mr 1 1 

Guy, -Mr I 1 

Green, .Mr 12 

Green, Miss S 1 

Green, Miss M. ......1 

Hawkes, Mr. jun. ...0 10 6 

Mawes, Mr I 1 

Hohnes, Mr 1 1 

Hough, Mr 1 

Hudson, Mr 12 

Hudson, Mr. R 12 

HarrLs, Mr 12 

Ince, Mr 10 6 

Jones, Mr. John 1 1 

Jones, Mr R l 

Jones, Mr. Thomas 12 

Kave, Mr 10 6 

Klvne, Mr 10 6 

Klyne, Mr.jun 10 6 

Lanman, Mr 1 1 

Lewis, Mr. Walter... 2 

Maberly, Mr 1 1 

Morrison, Mr 1 1 

Miller, Mr 10 6 

Navler, .Mr 1 1 

Odell, .Mr 1 1 

Odell, Mrs 10 6 

Powell, .Mr. Richard 1 1 

Parker, Mr 1 1 

Parker, Mrs 10 6 

Palmer, Mr 12 

Price, Mr. Thomas... 12 

Price, Mrs 12 

Eobinson, Mr 1 1 

Robinson, Mr 12 

Ryland, Miss 12 

Scott, ;Mr. Joseph ...1 1 

Strongi'tharm, Mr,...l 1 

Smith, Mr. Charles 1 1 O 

Say, Mr. 1 1 

Say, -Mrs 12 

Sellman, Mr 1 1 

Simson, Mr 1 1 

Strachan, Mr 1 1 

Sbijkelton, Mr 1 1 

Shackelton, Mrs 1 

Thompson, Mrs 1 1 

Tookey, Mr. Thomas 1 1 

Tayler, .Mr 1 1 

Tayler, Miss 1 1 

Tiercelin, Mr 12 

Thomas, Mr. Z. 12 

Trigg, Mrs 12 

£1831 8 S 



SUNDRIES. 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward... 1831 8 2 

Vasey, Mr 1 11 6 

Webster, Miss 10 6 

AV'hitlam, Sarah 10 6 

WTiitkm, Ahcia 10 6 

Walker, Mr. Thomasl 1 
Walker, Mr. Samuel 110 

Webster, Mr 1 1 

Walker, Mrs. T 1 1 

Warren, Mrs 12 

AV'aUcer, Mrs 12 

Wolfe, Mr 10 6 

Wall, Mrs 1 



i;i83i 8 2 



Brought forward... 1831 8 2 

Williams, Mr. T. ...0 12 

Sundry smaller sub- 
scriptions and dona- 
tions 

Wells Street Branch, Rev. 

A. Waugh 27 O 

Donation by S. V. S. "Wilder, 

Esq. Boston, America 2 

White Row .Tuvenile Soci- 
ety, by Miss Goode 25 5 C 



i;i885 13 8 



SUNDRIES. 



14 



1 16 3 



A few .Journeymen Letter 
Founders and Friends, Chis- 
weH-street 3 

Children of a Sunday School at 
Mr. Fox's, Bethnal-j£^een-r. 1 

The poor Child's Sunday School, 
H olly-hush-gardens 1 

A Donation under a Deed of 
the late Mrs. Walsh, by the 
Rev. Rowland Hill 50 

A poor Woman 

Children of the Protestant Dis- 
senters School, Wood-street 

A practical Improvement of 
Jeremiah, chap. 7, ver. 18, by 
the Teachers, &c of Silver- 
street Chapel, by Rev. Mr. 
.Tones 40 

Ditto, ditto, Ishngton Chapel, 
by ditto 8 

Praving Society at Silver-street 
Chapel, by ditto 10 

Friends at Ishngton, on Mr. 
Willis's plan, by ditto 20 

Weekly Subscriptions of a few 
Boysat Mr. Innes's Academy, 
Ishngton, by ditto 1 12 

A small FamUy belonging to 
Silver-street, on Mr. Wuks's 
plan, bv ditto 1 

Ditto, ditto, ditto, ditto 1 

Two Children, ditto, ditto 

A small Family on ditto, ditto 1 

Ditto, ditto, . ditto 1 

A siTiall Fine paid by an Ap- 
prentice Boy ditto 

Saving by a Baptist 2 

C rowth of a Hallpenuy p. Week 1 



4 8 



13 



11 



i:i47 8 7 



Brought forward... 147 8 7 

A few Friends belonging to the 
Tabernacle, at a Prayer Meet- 
ing in Peartree-street 2 13 

A Family by weeklv Subscrip- 
tions, by Mr. Buck 2 

The Children of the Mulbeny- 
garden Sundav School, Pell- 
street, by T. Holgate 5 6 9 

A Society of Female Servants, 
Lock's-fields, Walworth, bv 
theRev. G. C .'. 1 1 

Small Fines for not rising early, 
and a few Subscriptions at 
Id. per Week 2 11 6 

Auxihary Missionary Prayer 
INleeting, held at Mr. R. Kes- 
terton's and Mr. Johnson's... 10 3 6 

A Moiety of the Subscriptions 
of the Shoe-lane Auxihary 
Society, b}' the Rev.MrAustinl4 5 .6 

A Wellwisher, bv Mr. T. Lee 3 3 

Penny Society, by Mrs. T.F.&c. 19 6 

A Servant in a serious Family, 

by Rev. J. C. jun .".. 1 

Subscriptions by Brothers in 
Family Meetmgs, on Rev. 
Mr. AVilks's Plan 4 3 6 

Brook, the weekly Mite of a 
small Family t0A^'ards extend- 
ing the knowledge of the 
Redeemer 2 

A few young Ladies at Mrs. 

Green's School 3 3 

Little Help Society, Piccadilly 8 11 6 

Clapham House Auxihary 3 10 

(J) '. 5 



xm 10 4 



Amount of Annual Subscriptions from page 16 905 8 6 

Ditto of Donations and Collections from page 18 2666 10 3 

Ditto by Auxiltan' Societies, as above 1885 i3 8 



Total Amount of Annual Subscriptions, &c. in London and its vicinity, } jkr^k 
as per preceding List, carried to the General Statement i 



2 9 



C KxlX. ) 



SUBSCRIPTIONS, DONATIONS, ^c. 

IN THE COUNTIES OF 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 



£ i. d. 

Abergave vyv, Rev. Mr Hanis 

and Friends 10 14 

Alton, Rev. Mr. Howell and 

Friends 8 12 1 

Produce of a box placed at 

the door of the Chapel 3 11 6 

Friends at Prior Dean 19 6 

Mr. J. French, Holyboimie 10 

Anonymous 10 

AxMiNSTER, by Rev. Mr. Small 
Annual Siibscripiions. 

Cowlev, Mr 10 6 

Clarke', Miss 10 

Daniel, Mr I 1 

Edwards, Mr 10 

Edwards, Mr. T. 10 

Evans, Mr. 1 

Friend, a 10 

Eymnes, Mr 110 

iMarshall, Mr. 110 

Marshall, Miss 1 1 

Small, Rev. James 110 

Small, .Mrs 10 6 

Sh'iield, xMrs 10 6 

Stevens, Mrs 10 

Stevens, Mr. J 10 

Whitbv, Mr 1 

Whitby, Mrs 10 6" 

Sundry Donations 3 Id 6 

Sunday School ditto 10 

B. A. 5 5 

B. A 5 5 

B. A. 5 5 

B M. Frome, by Rev. C. Buck 5 5 

Bailev, Miss, Frome (a) 110 

Bally, Mr. W. Bath (a) 1 1 

Baliin^er, Misses, bv Miss Har- 

telbury .' 10 

Barking, at Rev. T. Lowe's 

Church, by Rev.Mr.'NVaugh 2 16 3 
Barnet, Rev. Mr. Monison 

and Friends 4 14 C 

jC8G 3 4 



£ s. d. 
Brought foru-ard... 86 3 4 
Barrett, Mrs. S. Br aintrce... (a) 1 1 
Beaconsfield, Rev. Mr. Har- 

sent and Friends 6 7 

Beer, Devon, a few young 

People 1 12 6 

Bedford Old Meeting, a Moi- 
ety of the General Missi- 
onary Fund 15 

Belper and Heage, Rev. .vir. 

Gawthorne and Friends ...54 8 3 
Bencraft, Mrs. Uxhridge ...(a) 1 1 
Berridge, Mr. by Rev. Mr. 

Chapman (a) 110 

Bethune, Mr. Divie, New 

York (a) 2 2 

Be van, Mr. Walthamstow ...(a) 5 5 
BiLLERiCAV, Rev. Mr. Thorn- 
ton and Congregation 16 6 

Einks, Mr. C. Durham (a) 110 

Biiiks, Mr. S. Ditto (a) 110 

Birmingham, a few poor Boys 
at Carr's-lane SundaySchool 

by Rev. Mr. James 110 

Blyth, Northumberland, Rev. 

Mr. Robertson and Friends 3 
Brentwood, Rev. Mr. Smith 

and Friends 2 4 » 

Breese, .Mrs. Eliza, Hath 10 

Brewood, Rev. J. Fernie and 

Friends 7 

Bridport, by Rev. Mr. Saltern 
Annual Suhscriptlmis . 

Atkinson, Mr 1 1 

Oliver, Miss 2 

Peters, Mr. R. Callington ... 2 

Robertson, Mr. 10 G 

Rooker, .Mrs 10 (i 

Rose, Mrs 10 

Saltren, Rev. Mr 3 3 

Swayne, -Mr 1 

Briog', Rev James Claik and 

Friends 1* 10 

i.241 9 9 



xsx. 



COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS. 



£ s. d. 
Brought fonrard... 241 9 9 
Brighton, Contributions of the 
Ladies in the Congregation 

of Rev. Mr. Styles 23 11 8 

AVest Brojiwich, liev. Mr. 

Hudson and Friends 10 

Buuton, Produce of a Mission- 
ary Box at Rev. Mr. Tho- 
mas's Chapel 4 

Br^'an, Rev. Mr. Nottingham (a) 1 i 
Long Buckby, a third part of 
the annual Produce of a 
Penny Society in the Rev. 
D. Griffith's Congregation 6 8 
Budding, Airs. Peterstield ...(a) l i o 

Bunn, Mr. J. B. Poole (a) 2 

Burgess, Lieut. Colonel of the 

Artillery, Pendennis ...(a) 1 l 
BuKNHAM, NorfoUc, Rev. Mr. 

Creak and Congregation . . . 1 o 1 j o 
Bum, -Mr. A. Tweedmouth (a) 1 i 
Biun, Mr. Ditto (a) 1 i o 



1 6 



Canterbury, Lady Hunting- 
don's Chapel, by Rev. J. 

Sheppard 5 5 

Carrol, Mrs. Maidstone 5 

Cawsand Bay, a few Friends 

by Rev. Mr. Hockley 3 13 

Chapel End, Rev. Mr. Dagley 
and Friends, including Do- 
nations from 

Mrs. ^ialebone 1 1 

Mr. John Jepcoate 10 

Mr. John King II G 

Messrs. Capson & 

Mr. Jepcoate 10 C-15 

Chatham, by Rev. Mr. Slat- 
terie. 

Annual Sitbscript'wns. 

Brock, Mr. AV 

Brock, Mr. E 

Clarke, Mr. H 

Conquest, Mr 

Slatterie, Rev. Mr. Joseph . 

Rodgers, Mr 

Sunday School Cliiidi-en 3 10 

Chatteris, Rev. Mr. Miller 

and Congregation 15 2 

Chesham, Rev. \ix. Surnam 

and Friends 4- 

Cheshunt College, by Rev. 

G. Collison 10 

Chester, Rev. Mr. Reynolds 
and Congregation, on occa- 
sion of a Semion preached 

by Rev. M r. Thoipe 45 

Chichester, Rev. Air. Hunt 

and Friends 32 2 7 

Chigwell Row, Rev. Mr. 

West and Friends II 12 9 



4 











£\Qi 



£ i. d. 

Brought forward... 465 u 8 

Christian, Mr. John, GUling ... 2 2 
Christchurch, by Rev. Mr. 
Hopkuis. 

Mr. George Aldridge (a) 1 1 9 

IMr. G. O. Aldridge (a) 1 1 

Clapham, Mr. J. Leeds 1 1 

Clapham, Mrs. Leeds 1 1 

Clapham, Mr. S. Leeds li) 6 

Clubbe, Mr. Thomas, Chester 5 5 

CoUier, i\Irs. Bath 5 

Cockermouth, Rev. R. Swan 

and Friends 5 11 10 

West Cowes, Isle of Wight, 

Rev. Mr. Adams & Friends 4 10 6 

Sunday School Children 1 10 

Children of a Family, 8s. each 2 
Crediton, Rev. Mr. Cobbin 

and Friends 3 

A Friend by Ditto 7 

Crisp, Mr. Frostenham (a) 110 

Crisp, Mr. W. Ditto 50 

Crouch, Mr. HaiTow AVeald (a) 1 1 

Crowder, Mr. St. Albans 1 1 

Curtis, Rev. Mr 2 2 

Cuthbertson, Mr. Thomas, late 
of Lyincross, Parish of 
Neilson, the Trustees of 

1812 5 

1813 3 

Davies, Rev. Dr. Reading. ..(a) 1 1 

Davies, Rev. Mr. Swansea... (a) I 1 
Davies, Mr. Thomas, Trefach, 

Pembrokesliire (a) 110 

Davies, .Mr. D. Aberystwith (a) 2 2 

DaWes, Mr. Robert, Ditto (a) 10 6 

Dawney, Mr. / ylesbury ...(a) 2 2 
Deal, a Religious Conversa- 
tion Society, by Mr. W. 

Soames 4 

Devizes, Rev. Messrs. Sloper, 

Elliot, & Friends 23 5 2 

Dickson, Mr. Dagenham (a) 110 

Dickson, Mrs. Ditto (a) 1 1 

Dixon, Mr. T.Netherby (a) 1 1 

Dorking, Rev. J. Whitehouse, 

and Friends 14 

Drv'land, Mr. W. Newbuiy (a) 1 
Dudley, Sunday School Chil- 
dren 2 13 

Durbin, Major, Bath 5 

Dver, Mr. John, SpemhiU, near 

Newbury (a) 2 

Fareham, Rev. Mr. Johnson, 

and Friends 7 

Farnham, Rev. Joseph John- 
son, Ditto 15 

Felton Chapel Collection 2 5 

i;e49 9 9 



COUNTRY SUnSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS. 



£ s. ,1 
Brought forward.. ,649 9 9 
rieniing, Litut. Aberdeenshire 

-Militia (a) 1 1 

Ford, -Mrs. Bath (a) 2 2 

Ford, Devon, by llev. Mr. 

Stenuer 5 4 

Ditto, by llev. J. Scholfield ... 5 6 
FoftLnKGHHiDGE, b}' Rev. T. 

Loader, Collection 8 

Youth's Commercial School 2 2 

llev. Thomas Loader (a) 110 

FouDiiAM, llev. Air. Harris 6c 

Friends 7 10 

Friend at Broadmogfiie, near 

Dorchester 2 

Ditto at Pembrokeshire I 1 

Dkto by Rev. Mr. Turabull ... 1 
Ditto at Gloucestershire, by 

-vlr. Odey, Gloucester. ....". 10 
Dittoat Wanvick,byRev, G.B. 1 
Ditto to the -Viissionary Institu- 
tion, recoi\-ed oi' Messrs. 

Fi-v and Sons 25 

Ditto at Halifax, by Rev. D. 

Bogue .". 5 

Ditto at Kingswood, by Rev. C. 

Hyatt ". 5 

Ditto to Missions, Tickhill 1 

Ditto in ^Vyrshirc, by Rev. G. 

Ewin<f '. 5 

Ditto by llev. James Boden ... 7 

Ditto at Port Ciiasgow 1 l 

Ditto at Dorchester, by Rev. 

S. Hall .'. 4 

Friends, two, at Eocking 5 

Ditto, two. by Rev. Mr. .\:iller u 10 G 
Ditto, a few, at Mr. Short's, 

Jacob's Well, Bristol 2 

Ditto, at White Roothcn, bv 

Rev. ,L G. Thompson .....'. 2 13 

Ditto, a few, near Stretton 3 13 

Ditto, a few at Topsham, Devon 2 3 4 
Ditto, by Mr. C. Anderson, 

Fdinburgh, ibr the Lascar 

Niission 2 

Ditto, a few at Cottisbrook, 

Northamptonshire .-.,<-.,.. 3 
DittoatSheU'ord, by.Mr.J.East 4 
Fhomk, Rook-iane, Rev. Mr. 

Sibree and Congregation... 25 15 

G. W. St. Helens 10 

Geraud, Rev. L'Abbe, Pains- 
worth 1 

Gilling, a Christian's two Mites 2 

Gittens, Mr. J. Tewksburv (a) 1 10 

Glascott,Rcv.:virHatherleigh(a) 1 1 
GospoRT, by Rev. D. Bogue 
Aimiial Subscript iims. 

Aldridge, Mr. W 10 

Barrow, Mr 2 2 

.1797 8 7 



£ s. d. 
Brought for\vard...797 8 7 

Beaslev, Mr. Joseph 10 

Pechervaise, 3irs 2 

Biddlecombe, Mr 2 2 

Eog'ac, Rev. David 2 i! 

Bo'irue, Mr. Thomas 10 6 

Bond, Mr. 2 

BuUey, Mr. S 1 1 

Cameron, Mr. 13 

Clarke, -Mr. J.ofH.M Boyne 1 

Dods, Mr. Charles ."..,. 1 1 

Frver, Mr 1 1 

Gilbert, Mr. 1 

Goode -c, rvJr. sen 2 2 

Goodjvc, Mr. Joseph 110 

Goodove, iMr. John, jim 110 

Goode ve, Mr. .Joseph, jun.... 110 

Goodeve, Mr. Benjamin 10 

GooJeve, Mr. .John 1 1 

Hannan, Mr 1 

Ilayler, Mrs 1 I 

Jlaysom, Mr. 10 6 

Hoskins, Mr. 1 1 

Hoskins, A^r. jun 110 

Howard, Mrs 10 

Hyslop, vir. 10 

M'Arthur, xMr 2 2 

M- Kay, Mrs 10 

M'Kensie, Mr 1 

M'Leod, Mr 1 1 

Meredith, Mr 1 1 

Minchin, Mr. T. A 5 5 

Minchiu, Mr. Thomas 110 

Minchin, >ilss 110 

Mundav, Mr. 1 I 

Park -K IMr. Will :.m 1 1 

Parker, Mr. Edvnrd 1 1 

Pii;g, Lieutenant Oil 

Roberts, .>ir , 10 

Sharp, Mr. Joseph 1 1 

Sherrington, Mrs 10 

Sprout, .Mx-s. 1 1 

Smith, Mr. John 10 .6 

Smith, .Mrs 10 

Stewart, Mr. 110 

Swiney, Mr 10 6 

Thompson, Mr. David 110 

I^iTy, Mr. James 1 

White, Mr. Thomas 2 2 

White, Mr. Thomag.jun ... 1 10 

Collection 35 6 6 

Female Society 5 6 

Female Society for Transla- 
ting the Scriptures 5 2 1 

Sun.'lav School Children by 

Mr. "Leach 1 9 « 

Ditto by Mr. T. Hoskins % 

The Singers i^ionging to the 

Chapel ^ 1 13 

A l''riend 5 5 

Mrs. Ash 6 

JC912 1 % 



COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS. 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward ... 9 ! 2 1 8 
GitAVESEND, by llev. Mr. Kent 

Craig, Mrs. Ann (a) 110 

Cummins, Mr. J. P (a) 1 1 

Lrt-k, My. ....(a) 1 1 

Greatbach, Rev. Mr. & Friends 

by Kev. Mr. Ttatfles 3 

Green, Mr. Canterbury 110 

Green, Mr. James, Ditto 1 1 

Gribisby, Rev. Mr. Smelle and 

Friends 5 

Grimshaw, Rev. ^lr. liedfbrd... 110 
GuESTwicK, Rev. John Sykes 

and Friends .' 15 

Haines, 'ir. Tiiomas, juji. Chel- 
tenham (a) 110 

Halsted, Rev. Mr. Bass and 

Congregation 21 6 1 

HAMMERS]MiTH,Rev. vlr.Wash- 

boum and Friends 30 15 

Ditto, Rev. T. Skeen and Con- 

gregation 12 

Havant, by Rev. W. Scamp 
Animal Subscribers. 

A. B 1 

Arthurs, Mr. . I. sen 1 

Arthurs, Mr. G 1 o 

Arthurs, Mr. W 1 o 

Briant, Mr. J 1 o 

Clark, Mrs 10 6 

Clements, Miss H 10 6 

Clark, Mr. T. J 1 1 

Dennis, Mr. C 1 

Dennis, Mr. W 10 6 

Elsgood, Mr. C 10 6 

Ford, Mr. W, 10 6 

Hinch, Mr. W 10 6 

Hoar, Mr. W 1 u 

Loader, Mr. C , 1 

Loader, Mr. P 1 

Moody, Miss, and Ladies ... 3 3 

Murrav, Miss A 10 

Padwick, Mr. T 1 

Scamp, Rev. W 1 1 

Sainsbury, Mr. W 1 

Shoote, Mr. J 2 

N.B 1 

Waldron, Mrs. 1 

• White, Mr. W. sen. 1 

White, Mrs. 1 

White, Mr. G. 10 

"Wliite, MissS 10 6 

White, Miss M 10 6 

Woods, Mr S 1 

X.Y.Z 1 

Sundrv Friends 1 12 

Collection 11 6 2 

Haverfordwest, Rev. Mr. 

Luke and Friends 30 

Sunday Children at ditto 6 

jei085 16 11 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward... 1085 16 11 
Ilaweis, Rev. Dr. Bath, for the 
purchase of sundry articles 
for the South Sea Mis- 
sion 100 14 

A Lady bv him 20 

Mr. Day, ditto 10 

Mr. Shepherd, ditto 1 

Helpringhani, Mr. by Rev. Mr. 

Keyworth, Sleaford (a) 110 

Hertford, by Rev. Mr. Maslen 
Annual Subscribers. 

Anker, Mr. W. sen 110 

Jackson, Mr. G 1 1 

Jackson, Mr. J 1 1 

Jackson, Mrs 1 1 

Killinglev, Mrs 1 10 

Searle, Mr. T. B 1 1 

Trotter, Mr. E 1 1 

Young, Mr 1 1 

Donations from some young 

Ladies at School 110 

Auxiliary' Society, page xl. 
Hexham, Rev. Mr. Scott, and 

Congi'egation 7 

Hey worth, Mr. J. Liverpool ... 3 

Hickson, Mr. .T. Wands%vorth(a) 1 1 

Hill, Mr. J. Cottmgham (a) 1 1 

Hodson, Mr. T. PhiiTOuth, for 

the Lascars ,..'. ,.-10 10 

Hogard, Mrs. by Rev. Dr. 

Haweis (a) 2 2 

Hogg, Rev. Mr. Rvegate ...(a) 1 1 

A Lady by him 1 1 

Hormead, near Barking, by 

Rev. Mr. Waugh 2 11 6 

Hopkins, Rev. T. of Linton, a 

Friend bv him 20 

Hughes, Mr. T. Usk (a) 5 5 

Jones, Rev. Lewis, Durham (a) 10 6 
Inman, Mr. R. Lancaster 2 

Kelvedon^, collected at a Mis. 
sionar}' Prayer iS'feetmg, by 
Rev. F. Hunwicks 1,12 

Kemp, Rev. Mr. Swansea, to- 
wards petitioning Parlia- 
ment on the India Bill ... 2 

Kingsbury, Rev. W &. Friends 11 9 

KiKGSTON, Youn^ Ladies at 
Miss Biden's Boarding Sc. 
by Miss Downing 2 10 

Kitchener, Mr. Bury St. Ed- 
monds (a) 110 

Lady, by Rev. C. Atkinson, 

Ipswich 10 

Laby, Mr Barking (a) 110 

Lang, Mr. Mansfield, Cf^eo 

years) (a) 2 2 

jC1309 6 11 



couxTiiv sunscniPTioxs and donations. 



£ a. d. 
Bnaif^ht forward... 1309 6 11 

I.angforil. Mr. T. near Oswes- 
try, bv Rev. J. Whitridge 5 

I.anyo'n, Mr. R. Lostwithiel ...10 10 

LiANGLEY, young I^adies and 
Teachers at .Mrs. Fryer's 
l?oardirig School 3 

Lfnham, liev. Mr. Gooding & 

Friends 5 

Ix)iigridge, Mr. Michael, Sun- 
derland (a) 110 

M.N. St Helens 1 

M.S. Ditto 10 

Al'AU, Rev. R. St. Ives, Cornw. 2 2 
MAnPLE-BnincK, a moiety of a 

I'ennv Society, bv Rev. J. 

Dottlev '.....'. 7 

I^Iarr, Mr. J. Skidbv (a) 1 1 

Marshall, INf r. S. Bridlington (a) 1 1 
blasters, Mr..T.NewroundIand(a) 2 2 

IMathias, Rev. jNIr. Dublin 10 10 

Matlock, Rev. .T. Wilson and 

Friends 9 

Mayo, Mr. Oxford (a) 1 1 

Mander, Mr. J. Wolverhamp- 
ton (a) 1 

Maxchester, a Donation from 

a Prayer IMeeting, bv Rev. 

Mr. .Tack- .' 2 

Youth's Auxiliary at Gros- 

venor-street Chapel, by 

Rev. W. Roby 3 3 

Sunday School Auxiliary at 

Mosely-street, by Rev. Mr. 

Bradley '. 5 

Menlove, Mr. R. Hisland, near 

Oswestry (a) 110 

Monzies, Mr. R. Carmarthen (a) 1 1 
iVIcymot, Mr. W. Richmond, 

SuiTy (a) 2 2 

Mooi'house, Rev. Mr. West 

Melton, near Rotherham, 

18 Pupils of his Academy 19 6 

A tew Sunday Scholai-s 4 3 

Morris, Mr. Wingfield (a) 3 3 

Morton, Mr. J. of the Royal 

Artillery, Colchester ..'... 330 
Mortimer, Rev. Mr. Pinel and 

Friends 24 8 6 

Mulford, Mr. J. Hadley 5 

Newport-Pagnell, bv the 

Rev. T Bull .\ 18 1 

Bull, ]lev. Mr 1 1 

AiTowsmith, .Mr ...1 1 

Crjpps, .Mr. J 1 1 

Kilpin, Mr. T 1 l 

Kilpin, .Mr. W. B....2 2 

Osborn.Mr 1 1 

Rogers, .Mr.. 1 1 

AVard, Rev. Jos 1 1 

• F jL\U<j 1 2 



£ $. d. 

Brought forward ...1440 1 2 

A Friend..... 10 

One-third of the pro- 
duce of a Penny 
Society, from Jan. 
to May 31, includ- 
ing £l 14 8 from 
the Ladles at iMrs. 
Ward's Boarding 

School 8 2 

Newport, Isle of Wight, Rev. 

D. Tyennan, ditto 15 12 10 

TeachersofSunday School, do.5 15 10 
Ditto, Rev. Mr. Bruce and Con- 
gregation 20 3 

Teacliers and Childi-en of 

Sunday School 5 

Children of Mrs. Gibbs's ditto 1 15 4 
Auxiliary Societ\% see page xlii. 
Newtown Burzland Sunday 
School Children, bv Rev. 

W. Ludfbrd .' 2 3^ 

Ditto, Sussex, Collection by 

Mr. P. Pellatt 1 15 

Nightingale, Mr. T. Walton 

upon Thames 110 

Norwich, Female Friends at 
the Old Meeting, by Mrs. 

Campion 11 8 

Nuk-Eaton, Rev. S. Hartnell 

and Friends 10 

Sunday School Children 14 6 

Auxiliary Society, see page xlii. 

Olnf.y, Rev. T. Hillyard and 

Congregation 22 

Oswestry, llev. J. Whitridge 

and Friends 10 

Pearson, Mrs. Mary, Bath ,10 O 

Peck, Mr. R. Hull „ 1 1 

Peyton, Miss, Bockley (a) 1 1 

PhiUips, Miss, Gloucester ...{a) 110 

Pink, .Mr. Enfield (a) 1 1 

Pittard, Rev. Mr. Martock...(a) 1 1 
Plymouth, Rev. Mr. Moore 

and Congregation 10 9 

Auxiliary Society, seep^exxxix. 
Portsea, by Rev. J. Grufin 
Annval. 

Grcv, Hon. Commissioner... 5 

GreV, Hon. .Mrs 5 

Baker, .Mr 2 

Big^wood, Mr 1 1 

Bover, Mr. Peter 1 

Cu'zens, Mr. W 1 11 6 

Eastman, Mr 3 3 

Eastman, Mrs 2 2 

Griffin, Rev. John 1 1 

Guver, Mr 1 

Hewlett, Mr 1 1 

Humby, Mr 1 

£ 1598 4 »l 



xatxiv. 



COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS. 



Bronglit forward.. .1598 

■ Jackson, Mr. E 

Jackson, Mrs. , 

Mackie, Mr 

Mosberry, Mr. Richard .... 

Oliver. Mr. 2 

Palfcrd, Mr 

Shepherd, Mr. 

Shoveller, Mr. 

White, Mr. 

Collection at King-street 

Chapel 48 

A Friend 5 

Female Society, by Mrs. 

Oliver 9 

Ditto, Mrs. Santitbrd 1 

Ditto, Mrs. James Robinson 1 
Priestley, Rev. W. Shepton 

Mallett 5 

Pritchett, Mr. T. Beckingham(a> 1 

R,M. ofM 1 

R. IMr. a Friend to Missions ...11 
Ram SG ATE, Rev. G« Townsand 

and Fnends 21 

Sunday School, ditto 2 

Ratidell, Miss, Welton (a) 1 

Rannah, Mr. P. F. Yarmouth 1 

Rawson, Mr. Leeds (a) 1 

A Village Hearer by him ... 1 

A Friend 1 

Reading, Collection at the 
Chapel, by Rev. A. Waugh 80 
Ditto, ditto, Rev. G. Collison 61 
Auxiliary Societies, see page 
xlii. 
Redden, Mr. C. Newport-Pag- 

nell 1 

Richardson, Mr. C. Coniley ... 2 
Roberts, Mrs. Kidderminster (a) 1 
Roberts, Mr. W. Yarmouth (a) 1 
RoDBOROUGu, Sunday School 
Children and Teachers, by 

Mr. Farling .5 

A Friend by ditto 1 

Ro-"MSEY, collected at the doors 
of Abbey Chapel, with sun- 
dry small contributions ...25 
Annual. 

Aldridge, Mr. 2 

Bennett, Rev. J 2 

Cowley, Mr. 2 

Cowley, Mr. J 2 

Marsh, Miss 1 

Newell, Mr. S 1 

Sharp, Mr. S 10 

Sharp, Mr. C 2 

Sharp, Mr. D 1 

Salter's-Heath Society, by 

. Mr. N. AVakefield 6 

A constant hearer of Rev. S. 
Brown, of Tadley Meethig, 
kyMr. N.W 5 









1 5 



4 

8 

2 1 



1 












7 



1 



1 
1 



7 




11 8 

2 







1 




2 

1 

3 10 







£WS2 19 7 



Brought forward... 1 932 lO- 7 
SAtisBUTiY, Rev. M. Sleigh and 

Friends 14 

Saunderson, Mr. J. Berwick (a) 2 2 0- 
Scarborough, by Rev. S. Bot- 
tomley. 

Annual. 

Bottomley, Rev. Mr. 110 

Broadrick, Mr. Gleorge 110 

Collier, Miss 1 1 

Cornwall, Mr. 10 6 

Darley, Mrs 1 1 

Dougiitv, Miss 1 1 

Lacv, Mr. W, 1 10 

Philliskirk, Mrs 1 1 

Smith, Mrs 1 1 

WoodaU, Miss 10 6 

Society, by Miss "\M)odall ... 3 9 7 

Selwvn, Miss, Gloucester 1 1 

Shepherd, Mr. H.Reading.. .(a) 1 1 
Shekbourne, Rev. J. "Weston 

and Friends 17 10 6 

Sleaford, Rev. Mr. Keyworth 

and Friends 14 

Smitli, Mr. T. Paul's-Ci-ay...(a) 1 1 

Sone, Mrs. Bath (a) 1 1 

Southampton, by Rev. Mr. 
Adkins. 

Annual Subscriptions 21 16 4 

Collection 46 6 

A few Friends, at a Pemiy 

per week 1 12 2 

Sunday School GirLs ,.. 5 6 

SouTHGATE, voung Gcntlemeji 

at Mr. Lloyd's School 3 3 

Spence, Mrs.' Beverley (a) 1 1 

Stansted, Rev. ISIr. Gaflee and 

Friends 4 

Stock, Mr. A. Wigan 10 

Stockbridge Associate Con- 
gregation, by Rev. G. 

Campbell 5 

Stonehouse, near Stroud, Rev. 

Mr. Elliot and Friends ... 3 
STnATFOBD-upoN-AvoN, Kev. 

J. O. Stokes and Friends... 5 

Stroud, :\lr. H. Bath (a) 1 1 

SuDBUKV, by Rev. Mr. Ray. 
Anmrnl. 

Finch, Mr. C '— Vr^v■2 2 

Gainsborough, Mrs..,......'.!.* 5 

Gainsborough, Miss 10 

Mavhew, Mr. T 1 

Rav, Rev. Mr 1 1 

Steptoc, Mr. Peter ^O 

Steptoe, Mr. Nathaniel I 1 

To/er, Mr. William 3 

Widow's Mite 6 

Missionary Prayer Meeting... 8 4 3 
Sunderland, Rev. IMr. Mason 

and Friends 30 17 

Surridj^o, Mr. R. Romford... (a) 1 1 



COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS. 



£ s. d. 
^ Broun^ht forward... 2 165 11 11 

■Sutton, in Ashfield, Rev. T. 

lloome and Congelation 12 10 

Terrixg, Rev. ISIr. INIooi-e and 

Friends 10 10 

Tewksbury, Friends by Rev. 

R. Hill « : .0 18 3 

Ditto, Ditto 6 5 2 

TisBiTRY, a Villao^e Congreg'a- 

tion, by Rev. Mr. R^oj^^ers 11 iS. 
TiTcuFiELD, Rev. J. Flower 

and Congregation 17 

Tooting, voung Ladies, by Mr. 

Wilkinson 1 2 6 

Tomlin, Rev. Mr. Chesliam (a) 1 10 
Troway, Collection bv Rev. J. 

Dawson ". 1 10 

Unwin, Mrs. Castle Hedingham 10 

Uppingham, 

Bell, Mr (a) 1 1 

Hill, Mr. E (a) 1 1 

Kemp, Mr (a) 110 

Uttoxeter, Friends at.... 2 

XJxBRiDGE, Rev. Mr. Redtbrd 

and Friends 23 13 6 

Voke, Mr. J. Winchester ...(a) 1 1 

W. O. M 1 

Walkers,!\Iisses,Tonder's-end (a) 110 
Walker, Rev. R. F. New Col- 
lege, Oxford (a) 1 1 

Wall, Mr. bv Rev. E. Lake, 

Worcester 2 10 

WAi,SALL,a School of Male Chil- 
dren, by Rev. T. Groves... 2 
Wal ruAMSTow, Rev. G. Colli- 

son and Congregation ......50 1 6 

War.minster, Rev. !Mr. Berry 

and Friends 25 10 

Ware, Collection by Rev. A. 

Waugh 7 10 

Warwick, Hew ]\Ir. Percy & 

Friends 5 

Watson, Mr. G. Banbury ...(a) 1 1 U 
Weatherkield, Rev. INIr. 

Mark and Friends 18 10 6 

AV'eeden, Rev. Mr. Gronow &, 

Friends 5 

WelLs, Mr. Nottinfjham (a) 1 1 

\Ve.»i, Rev. P. Edwards and 

Congregation 11 15 4 

Weymoutu, by Rev. Dr. 
CracknelL 

Annual. 

Beach, Mr 1 1 

Besant, IVfr. Harris 110 

Besant,Mr. 1 1 

Cracknell, Rev. Dr. 1 1 

Hervev, Mr. (J 1 1 

Miller; Mr. R 1 l o 

^2 £2i\5 9 8 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward. . . 24 1 5 9 8 

Russell, Mr. J 1 1 

Tiiiard, Mrs 110 

AVeston, Mr. S 110 

Wood, Captain J 1 1 

Whitby, by Rev. G. Young. 
Annual. 

Holt, Mr. J. jun 2 2 

Holt, :Miss Sarah 1 1 

Pennock, Mr. J 1 1 

Young, Rev. G 110 

Cliff-lane, Sabbath School ... 1 15 

Rev. Mr. Young & Friends 5 5 
Ditto, by Rev. I. Arandel. 
Anjmal. 

Arundel, Rev. Mr 10 6 

Gibson, Mr. T 10 6 

Nelson, Miss 1 1 

Trowsdale, Mr. 2 2 

Childrenof -Sunday School... 9 6 
Rev. J. Arundel and Friends 5 15 6 
Auxiliary Societies,see page xliii. 
Whitchukch, Rev. Mr. Har- 
ris and Congregation 9 

WHiTESHELi.,nearStioud,"Sun- 

day School, by W.Bromley 5 5 6 
WiGAV, collected at Prayer 
^Meetings, by a few persons 
of Rev. Mr. Steel's Con- 
gregation 5 3 4 

Wilkins, Mr. St. Albans (a) 1 1 

Wilks, Mr. Blocklev (a) 1 1 

AVilliams, ]Mr. Greenwich ...(a) 1 1 

Williams, Mrs. Bath (a) 2 

Wiltshire, ]Mr. T. Hitcliin I 

Winchester, Rev. J. Bidlake 

and Congregation 9 

WivELEScoMBE, Pupils at Mr. 

Clarke's School 1 

Wolverhampton, Kev. T. 

Scales and Friends 5 

WooBURN, Bucks, Rev. J. Har- 
rison and Friends 24 

Wood, Mr. W. Wigan 1 

Wooi.ER, Rev. J. IVIitchell and 

PMends ,12 16 8 

Worcester, bv Rev. Mr. Etike. 

Collection at "his Chapel 22 10 8 

A Friend bv him...... , 5 

A Servant Man ditto 5 

Tliree Friends, Servants, do. !? 
AuxlliarvSociety, see page xliii. 

Worsley,Mr.S.HighWycomb(a) 1 1 

Yarm, a few Friends, by Mr. 

J. Corker '. 2 

Yardley, produce of a Mis- 
sionarv Box for weekly con- 
tributions, by Rev. I\Ir. 
Hoppus 5 8 4 

Youngman, Mr. J. Hoselev, 

Suftblk (a) 1 1 



£2i6o 17 ? 



COUNTRY S-UBSCRIPTIONS AXD DONATIONS 



WALES. 

£ s. d. 

Brought forward. ..2565 17 2 
AycLEsEA, by Rev. J. Elias. 

Aberlhaw .'. 6 3 2 

Amlwch T 13 

Beaumaris 6 8 

Bethlehem 8 

Bodedern , 2 10 2 

Br)-ndu 2 5 6 

BrA-nsenkin 6 14 

Cernmas 6 

Caergeiliog 3 6 3 

Dwyrain 5 9 

Gaerwen 5 5 4 

Gorshv)-d 1 17 

Glasinfryn 5 

G^vtilchmai 4 8 

Holyhead 10 13 2 

Llanfair 3 16 

JLlanfm-og 3 17 6 

Lledroed 6 16 7 

J.langoed 2 5 2 

lilaugwyUog 3 13 6 

Llannerchymedd 13 

Llaiiallgi ' 2 10 

Llanrhyddlad 7 4 6 

Llangefni 8 6 

Llangristiobus 4 1 

Newbrough , 5 16 

Pen y garaedd 1 11 

Penygraigwen 12 

Pentre 4 6 2 

Rhos-colyn 10 6 

Talwm 2 11 6 

Tvn y maen 8 

Tymawr Chapel 5 14 6 

Tred Ddafydd 3 11 2 

Bala, Rev. Tho. Charles ...(a) 1 1 
Brujiastov, Friends, by Kev. 

David Davies 2 10 

CAHMAHTHENSHinr, by Eev. 
David Peter. 

Crigybar, Rev. D. Jones ... 1 8 

Ilennon, Rev. J. Bowen, 110 

Llan ba daun, A. Shadrock... 116 2 

Nazareth, J. Bowen , 1 

Newin, Mrs. Kees 2 2 

Pencader, Mr. T. Daniel ... 5 13 6 

Hhydv bout, Rev. J. .Tones... 4 4 

Taly bout, Kev, A. Shadrock 15 4 
t'AHNAnvoNsiiiHE, ColIcctions 
araone the Weigh Calviri- 
istic Methcdi'-ts in Lleyn 
and Eifionydd Districts, 
by Michael Robertson, and 
others. 

Abereirch ...., 1 18 5 

Beddgelart 3 13 11 

i2r02 10 9 



Brought fom-ard... 2762 10 9 

Cwm corvn 19 1 

Dinas...." 1 14 1 

Ederyn 2 IB 1 

Gam" 1 5 10 

Hendre Howel 15 5 

Llitliiaen 10 2 

Llan Engan 3 6 8 

Nant 3 16 

Nevin i 2 11 4 

Pentre Uchap 4 16 6 

Pen y graig ,... 1 16 10 

Pen v Caerau ....3 1 

Pwllheli 9 

RhvdClatdy 2 10 6 

RhVd Lios 1 3 

Khvdbach 2 2 8 

Ty-mawr 3 4 

Tremadoc 3 4 6 

Tydweiliog 1 17 6 

LTwchmvndd I 17 8 

Ysgoldv 2 14 

Bontfechan 2 18 

Brvn Engan 4 12 

Bryn Meljni 2 4 4 

By Rev. Evan Richardson. 

"Carnan-on 8 12 8 

Bangor 5 6 6 

Llaiillechid 4 6 7 

Llanwiug 14 2 

Llandjniioleu — 3 14 6 

Llanberis 1 3 

Wamf'awe 18 6 

Bentnewjdd 1 11 11 

Br}^l nodyn 3 9 

LlanuUyfm 4 15 

Clynog 5 6 

Te'riyn 17 6 

Denbighshire, Collections 

among the Calvinistic 

IVIethodists. 

Denbigh 9 

Ditto, Rev. T. Jones, sen. (a) 1 10 
Ditto, Collections by Rev. T. 

Jones in the Independent 

Meeting 4 10 6 

Llanrwst 4 

Abergele 5 18 6 

BontUchel 6 

Ruthin 3 6 9 

Nantglyn 1 15 6 

Collected in various other 

places 10 12 3 

FLiNTSHiRE,bvRev.J.WiUiams 

Northop ." 9 17 1 

Rhoseemore 6 12 8 

Halkin 3 4 

Kilkeu 4 4 3 



4:2923 i 7 



COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS AND DONATIONS. xxxviL 



£ s. d. 
Broii^lit forward... 2939 8 7 
Gt-amoiioavshihk, Collection 
;it Cvvmllynfell, by Uev. 

David Davies .'. 5 5 6 

Gi.Awnwu, Pembrokeshire, a 

Prayinnj Society 2 17 

GopPA Fach, Cllamorganshire, 

by Hev. J. Evans 1 3 

Hen'llav, T.landilo, Carvan, 
and Lanboidv, collected bv 
Hev. J. Lloyd i.SO 5 

Xlawerchymedd, at the An- 
nual MeetinfT of Indepen- 
dent's, by Rev. R. Roberts ...10 

la.ANRWST Penny Society 10 12 ft 

Collection 4 7 4. 

Llaxfyi.i.in, Rev. D. Roberts 

and Conf^regation 6 8 7 

LLAyBRYNM^UH,Kev J.Roberts 

and Friends C 5 4 

Maciiyxlleth, Rev. ]\Ir. Grif- 
fiths and Friends 6 

Maesouovev. Rev. D. Jones 
' and Friends 2 

Nohthop, Flintshire, a few 

Friends by Mr. J. Williams G 14 6 

Swansea, l{ev. Mr. Kemp and 

Congregation 15 15 

Treditstan Brecon, Rev. 

Walter I^wes and Friends 3 

SCOTLAND. 

Aberdeen, by Rev. J. Philip. 

Auxiliary Society 52 

Female Servants Ditto 20 

Juvenile Ditto 4 

Female Children 2 2 

Woodside Prayer Meeting... 2 

Children at Ditto 11 

A poor Man, Friend to the 

Society 5 

Another Friend 2 7 

Cahrach and Esse, Rev. Mr. 

Crookshank •. 6 

Dinowai-l, Rev. Mr. Stewart 

and Friends 9 9 

Dunbar Auxiliary Society, by 

Mr. Millar 10 

Dundee Missionary Society, 
by Mr. Colquhoun, Secre- 
tary 30 

Kdinhougii Auxiliary Society, 

by ]\Ir. Black, Treasurer' 140 

X3333 U 6 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward... 3333 11 6 

A Friend bv Rev. R. Simpson 110 

Eastwood, Rev. Mr. Scott ... 2 1 

Fenwick, a small Missionary 

Society, by Mr. Muir 12 13 2 

G ALSTON MLssionary and Bible 

Society, by Rev. D. Smith 25 
Glasgow., a Juvenile Society, 

by Rev G. Ewing 1 2 10 

Greenock, by Mr. J. Laird. 

Qiuntin AVatt, Esq 5 5 

Mr, John Taylor (a) 2 2 

Messrs. J. & A. Muir ...(a) 2 2 

Rev. Mr. Hercus (a) 10 

ISlr. James Stevenson (a) 10 6 

Mr. A. Laird (a) 10 6 

Mr. W. Ralston 5 

Collected at a Missionary 

Monthly Prayer INIeeting 13 4 
Huntley, Rev. Mi. Claik and 

Congregation 14 

Jedburgh Associate Congre- 
gation, by Rev. P. Young 18 5 
Lasswade Auxiliary Society, 

by Mr. H. Dove 15 

Lauder Associate Congrega- 
tion, by Rev. G. Hendersonl3 
Leslie, Rev. D. Morrison and 

Congi-egation 25 

A Friend, by Mr. Skinner... 10 
OxNAJi Auxiliary Society, by 

Rev. P. Youiig 16 

Paisley Missionary Society, by 

W. Carlisle, Esq. . ._. .'. 48 1 4 

Perth Missionary Society, by 

Rev. John Willison ..!... ..".50 
Preston Pans Auxiliary, by 

Dr. Brown "......".10 

RoxBURGSHiRE, a Friend 50 

Stevenson, Ayrshire, Bible & 

Mission ai-y Society ......... 8 13 

Stirling Missionary Society '10 
SoRN Association for religious 
purposes, by Ivev. Lewis 

Baliom- '. 6 

Tain, Noilliern Missionary 
Society, by Rev. A. M'ln- 
tosh ". 150 O 

IRELAND. 

Colkdims, ^c. h/ Rev. Messrs. Jack 

and Tracy. 
Ballygallt, at Rev. Mr. 

Andei'son's 1 13 2 

May, Mr. Brown 2 2 

Dungannon, Mr. Bennett 3 

Ballygoney, Mr. Stein 9 2 9 

Cookstown, Mr. Miller 14 6 4 

TyRONE Society 16 11 

i;39l2 2 I 



COUNTRY suBscnrrriONS and donations. 



£ s. d. 

Brought forward ... 39 1 2 2 1 
CoLEBAiNE, llev. Mr. "White- 

sid 's 9 i 8 

IlicHH.i-L, Kev. Mr. Gibson... 1 16 

Armagh 1 11 f) 

Tandehagee 11 2 

portadown... 18 4 

LuRGAX, Uev. ]Mr. Dobben ... 3 11 8 
Newtovards, Rev.Mr. M'Cui- 

lough .- 3 2 9 

TuLLYLisH, Rev. Mr. Johnson 8 

Banbridge 1 10 

Drumar.\ 9 6 () 

Ballynahirch 3 3 4 

TJelfast, Kev. Mr. Nicholson 70 13 6 
Dublin, Pliinket-street, Kev. 

Mr. Cooper's 30 

Cork, Rev. Mr. Fleming ...... 8 16' 8 

Donations at Cork, ^r. 

Willis, Dr 1 

Latham. l>r. 1 2 9 

l^adv, by Mr. Wakeham 1 

5^o^n, Mr. William 1 .0 

Ryder, Mrs. 1 

Female Friends 6 16 6 

A Lady 1 5 

EUis, Mr 1 2 9 

E.Y. by Ditto 1 2 9 

Friend, by Mr. Wakeraan 10 

A Friend 6 

Haddock, Mr. 2 6 

Atkins, Mr 2 6 

Cruckshank, Mr. 12 9 

llyder, Mr. 10 

Casey, Miss 2 5 6 

Julian, II 12 9 

£4087 2 2 



£ *. d. 

Brought forward... 4087 2 2 

M'::\Iullin, Mr. James 1 2 9 

J. S. B. fS 2 2 9 

Welsh, Mr 1 2 9 

Bavtar, IMr 10 

Dale, Mr 11 5 

Tivev, Mrs 1 2 9 

Mannix,Mr 2 

PoUoL-k, Lieutenant, Tyrone 

3Iilitia 1 9 

A Private in Ditto 1 S 

A poor Woman 18 

Howard, IMr. I,uke 10 

Boberts, "Sfi: Charville 2 5 6 

Stott, Dr. Dublin I 

Figgis, Mr. .1. Dublin 10 

Hamilton, Mr. A 1 

Brownlow, IMr. W. Lurgain ... 4 11 

M'Yeough, Mr. Diinnsell 5 O 

Smith, Mrs. Richhill 2 5 6 

Brown, Miss, Ditto 1 2 9 

Taggart, IMr. Belfast 5 

Wilson, Mr. Drumeroon 2 

Friends at Kilkenny 3 11 3 

BadcUtfe, Mrs 1 2 9 

Moore, -Mr. P. C 1 

Lane, Mr. A 1 2 9 

Boe, Mr. P. Dubhn 3 8 3 

Beilbv, Mr. V 5 

Smith, Dr. 5 13 9 

Nixon, Rev. Mr 1 2 9 

Phavre, Mr. Richard 1 2 9 

Evans, Mr. H 2 

Barry, Colonel 1 2 9 

Steele, Sir B 2 5 6 

A Friend bv Mr. Clarke 1 2 9 



JC4161 7 n 



AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. 



IN THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, &c. 



£ s, d. 

Adingdon, bv the Rev. Mr. 

Wilkins..". 22 

Basingstoke, in the Rev. Mr. 

.lefierson's Congregation. ..18 1} 

Birmingham, at tne late 
Countess of Huntingdon's 
Chapel, by Kev. Rlr. Ben- 
nett 26 8 6 



JL(JJ ID 6 



£ s. 
Brought forward. .,66 19 

Juvenile Society, ditto 17 15 

BLACKi!iTRN,at the Independent 
Meeting, bv the Rev. -Mr. 

Fletcher...." 47 1 

Juvenile Society, Ditto 7 15 

Bridlington, a Pennv Society, 

by the Rev. Mr. Ford 14 

^153 11 



COUNTRY AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. 



£ s d. 
Brought forward ... 1 53 1 1 2 

Bristol, by ^^'. Skinner, Escj. 

Trea-surer (i76 9 4- 

Juvenile Society, bv Mr. 

Talbot, Trensu'rer ..' ..185 6 

Cambhidcksjure and its Vici- 
nity, by -Mr. R. Haylock, 
Treasurer .' 192 4 2 

Beldam, John, Esq. 1 

Keldani,.Io=eph,E.sti.O 10 6 

Eeldam, Mr. Joseph 10 « 

IJeimett, Mr. W. ...0 10 (i 

Bennett, Mr. W. 

Donation 1 

Kradtbrd,Mr.K.r2(/i>;2 

Browne, Kev. T. IJ. 
Ikintin^m-d Asso- 
ciation, by him... 10 IG 6 

Bunn, Mr. John 10 6 

Butler, Mrs 10 ti 

Butterfield, Mr 10 G 

Camps, .Mr. E. ......2 2 

Benevolent Society, 

by him '..0 10 6 

Carver, Rev. W 1 1 

Uitto bv him. Camp- 
kin', Mr. Joseph 1 

Clear, Mr. H 1 

Fitch, Mr 10 6 

Ilowan), Mr. 10 6 

Newlin<r, ]\Ir. T. ...0 10 fi 

Scrubv, Mr. J 10 6 

Stockbridge, Mr.W. 10 6 

Stockbri(lire,Mr.J....0 10 6 

Wallis, Mr. J 10 G 

Wallis, :Mr. G 10 6 

Sundry small sums ... t 

Cooper, Miss 10 G 

Cootc, 3rr. James ...0 10 6 

Cornwell, Mrs. 10 G 

Dear, Mrs. S. 10 « 

Dobson, Rev. .James, 
Chishill Association 

by him 23 

Eurdhani, IMr. W. ...0 10 G 

(jolding, liev. W. 
I'.yenlson Associ- 
ation bv him 10 10 6*: 

Harris, Rev. W. ... 10 C 

Ditto, Collection 
after two Sermons 
at the General 
M eetin^,by Mcsrs 
.lay and Arrow. ..62 17 1 

Ditto, j)art of the 
produce of a So- 
ciety in his Con- 
gregation, by W. 
Searlc, Esq. Trea- 
surer 18 17 9 

£'1207 10 8 



■ £ s. d. 
Brought forwaTd-..1207 10 W 

Ditto, :\Irs. Nicklin, 

bv him 10 6 

Havlock, ]\Ir. R. ... 1 10 

•ludd, Mr 10 6 

Kent, Mr. llichard 1 1 

Luke, j\Ir. A 10 G 

!Miles, ]{ey. James, 
Foulmire Associ- 
ation, by him 12 12 

]\Iead, ]M'Lss M. C. 10 (> 

]\Ioule, ]\Iiss 10 G 

Moule, J\Ir. 10 6 

Nicklin, Rev. W. & 

Fricmls 6 

Omer, ^iv. 10 G 

Pyne, Rev. B. Dux- 
ford i\jssociation, 

by him 10 15 3 

Taul, :Mr. G 10 tf 

Simons, Air. W. ... 10 6 

TowTie, Rev. T 10 6 

Ditto, Association 

by him 19 4 



Trigg, IVIr. 



... 10 6 



Walbey, Jlr. 10 G 

"White, Mr. 10 G 

Wilkerson, Mr. J... 10 6 

Willis, Mr. 10 6 

Cantkubitey, by Rev. Mr. 

GurteeD 8 

Carlisle Female Auxiliary, 

by the Rev, J. Whitridge 18 16 

Chatham Auxiliary, by Rev. 

Mr. Slatterie...' 17 17 10 

Chelmsfokd, by Mr. William 

AVoodcock, Treasurer 60 

CLECKHEATON.by the Rev. Mr. 

Kidd 8 15 4 

Clai'ham, half a year's Sub- 
scri})tjons of a Penny St- 
ciety, by Rev. Mr. Phillips 13 17 11 

CoLCHEsTfiH, Rev. Mr. SaviUeli 6 2 

CovENTRy, West Orchard- 
street Penny Society, by 
Mr. Gouger 40 

DAUTroHD.by Mr. S. Hawthorn 2 11 

DEvoN,Nortb,bvRev.S.Rooker(;8 18 10 

Di-vox, by Jlr. W. Parr, Trea- 
surer 120 Q 

Gloed, Rev. J. and 

Friends 8 16 2 

Allen,llfcv.MrDittol8 6 1 

Rooker, Kev. Mr. 

Ditto 11 

Beeralstou 1 16 6 

Chamberlain, liev, 

Mr 6 6 

Prince's-street, Cha- 
pel Dock U 18- 6 



COUNTRY AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward.. .1580 13 9 
Collection, Rev. Mr, 

Tunibull 16 19 

Ditto, Square Meet- 
ing, Dock,by Rev. 

Mr. Bennett 16 3 1 

Ditto, Rev. Mr. 
Moore's Chapel, 

Ph-mouth 14 13 

Sundry subscrip. ...14 1 8 
Dorchester, at the Inde- 
pendent Meeting, by R. 

L. Hall 5 12 6 

Dover, Heathens' Friend So- 
ciety, by Mr. Hambrook, 

Treasurer 11 7 9 

FoLKSTONE, share of a Penny 

Society, at the late Countess 

of Huntingdon's Chapel... 5 

Gloucester, at the Rev. Mr. 

Bishop's Meeting, collected 

by Mr. James Wood 20 

GuiLDFOur), Weekly Subscrip- 
tions from the Congrega- 
tion and Friends, New 
Chapel, by Rev. S. Perry 24 9 5 
Harlest o N, by Rev. T.Fisher 27 
Crisp, Mrs. Eliz. 15 
Crisp, Mrs. Susan. 110 
Crisp, Mr. Samuel 2 
Deli)h, Miss Mary 10 6 
Devereux, Mr. J. 10 6 
Fisher, Rev. T. ...1 1 
Penny, Mrs. Deb. 10 6 
Pratt, Mr. James 10 
Pratt, Mr. J. jun. 10 

Pratt, Mr. AV 1 

Sundry weekly sub- 
scriptions 17 11 6 

Heatov Lane, near Stockport, 
Pennv Societv, bv Mr, J. 

BrowTi ' '. 5 

Ditto, in a Cotton Manufactory 

belonging to Mr. Brown... 8 
Hayes Penny Society at the 

Chapel, by Mr. T. Mason 3 3 
Hertford, by the Rev. 
Mr. Maslen, one 
Quarter's Subscrip- 

. tions 5 11 3 

Collection 5 O-IO U 3 

Youth's Branch 1 10 

HiNCKLEY,hytheRev.Mr.Gilll8 
Hull and East Riding of 
Yorkshire, by Mr. J. S. 
Bowden, Treasurer. 
Collections at the formation 

of the Society 2f 3 5 3 

Subscriptions 113 6 

AnnuaL 
Annison, Captain ...0 10 6 

i;2036 18 11 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward... 2036 18 11 

Bowden, Mr. I. S. ...2 2 

Bowden, Mr. W. ...2 2 

Briggs, Mr. J. B. ...2 2 

Briggs, Mr. W 2 2 

Briggs, Mr. Richard 110 

Browne, Rev. Mr. G. 1 10 

Carlill, Mr. Thomas 1 1 

Donaldson, Mr. R....1 1 

Danby, Mr. 10 

Egginton, Mrs 1 1 

Franklin, Lieut. Col. 

Royal Artillery ...1 1 

Gilder, Mr. W 1 1 

Hall, Mr. Thomas ...1 1 

Hall, Mr. William... 1 1 

Hall, Mrs. M 10 C 

Haj-wood, Mrs. Ann 3 

Healey, Mr. George 10 6 

Lambert, Rev. Mr. G. 

Lambert, Mr. W. ... 

Levett, Mr. William 

Levett, Mr. Robert 

Newbald, Mr. C 

Nelson, Mrs 

Reeder, Mr George 

Revell, Mr. A 

Riddell, Mrs. M 

Rhodes, Mr. F 

Robinson, Mr. .John 

Rust, Mr. AVilliam... 

Ruthertbrd, Mr.A.R. 

Shackles, Mr. W. ... 

Shackles, Mrs 

Shackles, Miss 

Spyvee, Mrs 

Terry, jNIr. Avison 

Terr)', Miss 

Thompson, T. Esq. 
M. P 

Thornton, Mr. ...... 

Todd, Mr. John 

Trower, Mrs 

Towers, Mr. W. F. 

Wilkinson, Mr. 

Akam, Mrs ' 

Botterill, Mr. 

Cartledge, Mr. S. ... 

Cade, .Mr. William.. 

Colleclion at Bever- 
ley, by Rev. iNJr. 
blather 3 2 % 

Coniston WeeklySub- 
scriptions, for half 
a year 1 12 6 

Collection at Swan- 
land, by Rev. D. 
Williams 4 2 6 

Collection at South 
Cave, by Rev. W. 
Tapp....'. 8 6 




































G 






















2 








































2 






























8 






















X2i36 18 a 



COUNTRT AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. 



xll. 



£ s. d 
Brought forward.. .20^6 18 11 
Coltinp:ham Penny a 

Week Society 5 5 

Duiithorne, Mr. J....1 1 

Hill. Mr. John 1 1 

Linsdde, Mr 1 1 

Johnson, Mr I 1 

Juvenile Missionary 
Society, bv Kev. 

W. Willcinson 2 17 

, A Friend, by Ditto 10 6 
M'Turk, Mr. James 1 1 

Marr, Mr. T 1 1 

Martinson, Mrs 1 

Mathison, Mr 1 1 

Moss, Mr. T 1 1 

Ostler, Mr 1 1 

Rider, Mr. J 1 1 

Smith, Mr. J I 1 

Spink, Mr 1 1 

'i'npj), llev. .Mr. W. 1 1 

■\Vhite, Mr 1 1 

Watson, Mr. S.r2^V'-*;2 2 
White, Mr. John ...0 10 (i 

Wright, Mr. B 1 1 

Balance of M issionarv 

Hymn Books 'l2 4 6 

Donations. 
Homer, Simon, Esq.! 1 
Lowthorp, Mr. J. ...2 2 

A Friend 1 1 

Johnson, Mr 10 6 

Snowball, Mr 1 

Two poor Women ...0 1 6 
HuLi,, .Juvenile Subscrip- 
tions, &c. bv J. Bowden, 

jim .'. 108 13 8 

Juvenile Subscripti- 
ons 95 13 4 

Sunday Sdiool and 

Aj)})rcntices 2 9 G 

Donation 10 10 10 

HuNTiKGDONSHinE Society, 

in Aid of Missions, by 

Mr. K. Martin, Godman- 

chester 35 18 4 

Ijongraire, Rev. .J. M. 

Rector of Har- 

wrave, a donations 
Martvn, Hev. J. VL 

i'erten Hall (a) I 1 
Per ditto. Penny 

Societv at Per- 

tenhail 3 1 6 

ranlin<T, Uev. F. O. 

St lves(moietv)0 10 6 
Metcalfe, Mrs. St. 

Neots (do.) 7 

Metcalfe. Miss (do.) 10 6 
Metcalfe,MissF.(do.)0 10 G 
Metcalfe. Miss C. 
(moiety) 10 6 

^G ,£2181 10 11 



£ s d. 
Brought forward.. .2181 10 11 
Morell, Rev. T. (do.) 10 6 
Per do. collection (do) 2 15 
Arrow, Rev .T.Lynn 110 
Ashton, J. Es(j. St. 

Ives (moiety) 10 6 

Brown, J. Godman- 

chestep (do.) 10 G 

Cri^p, Rev. T. S. St. 

Ives (do.)O 10 6 

Freeman, Rev. T. 
Godmanchester 

(do.) 5 3' 
Housden, Susan, St. 

Neots 5 S 

Miller, Rev. T. Chat- 
teris (do.) 5 3 

Moiety of Collections 
at the General 
Meeting held at 
St. Ives, March 

16, 1814 17 1-3 1 

Ieelakd — Cork Society, by 

Mr. Cruikshank 50 

Tyrone, by Mr. Weir 12u u 

Ipswich, at Tackel-street 
Meeting, by Rev. C. 

Atkinson 9 3 6 

Kidderminster, Young 
Men's Society, by Rev. 

Mr. Hebnore 6 6 

Kingston 22 4 10 

KiRHV MooRsiDE, by Rev. 

Mr. Eastmead ...' ll 12 6 

Lutterworth, by Rev. R. 

Hartley 20 

Collver, Mrs.W. B. 1 1 

Hudson, Mr. 1 1 

Francis, Mr. Richard 110 

Francis, Mrs. R 1 l 

Davenport, Mr. !{.... 1 1 

Paddv, Mrs. sen 1 () 

Hartley, Rev. R. ...1 1 
A few GirLs in the 

Sunday Sdiool...l 5 7 

Sundries 11 8 5 

Liverpool, Mr. John Job, 

Treasurer 464 1 

Collection at Be- 

thesda Chapel... 63 
Ditto Dr. Stewart's 35 14 
DittoGreat G eorge 

street 113 2 2 

Ditto Welch Calvi- 
nistic Methodist 
& Independents 
Prayer .Meetings 61 10 7 
Collection at Rev. 
MrSmith'sNant- 

wich 8 11 

DittoMr.lackson's, 
Wharton 2 



;£2884 IS 



xlii. 



COUNTRY AUXILIARY SOCIETIES,. 



8 
6 

6 8 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward.. ,2884 18 9 
Ditto Air. Morrow, 

Kirkham 4 13 

Ditto Green Bake 
Chapel, Rev. Mr. 

Patterson's 17 2 6 

Ditto Bethel Chapel 
Rev. Mr. Shuttle- 
worth 6 10 

Sunday Schools ... 2.5 19 3 
Ladies' Auxiliary 
Society of the 
AVelch Calvinist 

Methodists 18 2 7 

liuarterly Contri- 
butions of the 
AuxiliarySocietylOO 4 3 
Sundry Donations 8 1 10 
Market Drayton, Penny 
Society, by Mr. William 

M'Donald 9 

NEwcASTLE-upon-TYNE and 
Alnwick, by Rev. Messrs. 
Burder, Bogue, Waugh, 
Dawson, and Pengilly... 94 8 9 
Sallyport Chapel, 

Rev. Mr. Smith... 6 7 2 
Baptist Ditto, Rev. 

Mr. Penffilly 12 14 

Great Market, Rev. 

Mr. M'Indoe 15 It 3 

HighBridgeChapel, 

Rev. Mr. Fergus 12 10 3 
Close Chapel, Rev. 

Mr. Synee 6 12 3 

New Postern, Rev. 
Mr. Davidson ...14 9 

Alnwick .....10 17 

Birdgate Chapel, 
' Rev. Mr. Rait ...15 
Newport, Isle of Wight, 
Weekly Subscriptions, 

by Rev. .Tohn Bruce 10 13 

Newport, Monmouthshire, 
Female Auxiliary, by 
Captain John Davies ... 8 
Newbury, Penny Society, 

by Mr. W. Dryland 17 

Norwich, Tabernacle Aux- 
iliary, by Rev. D. Pliillips 64 4 

Ames, Daniel 1 

Anthony, Miss 10 

Baxfield, Joseph ...t 4 
Butcher, Jeremiah... 2 12 

Beloe, Mr 10 

Crane, Robert 4 

Doman, John 12 

Edwards, Mrs 10 

Faulkner, Susan 12 

Gooderham, John ...1 

Gilman, Jphn 1 4 

Harper, George.... ;.0 12 

i,3088 1 5 



£ s. d. 
Brought forward . . . 3089 I 5 

Jar, Mr. 10 

JaV, Robert 1 

King, Mrs 1 

Minns, Mr 10 

Norton, Mr 10 

Nelson, Mrs 12 

Parkinson, WiUiam 1 1 
Parkinson, .Joseph.. . 10 
Pliillips, Rev. David 1 

Pigg, Robert 12 

Rippin, Mrs 10 

Shickle, James, sen. GIG 

Shickle, J.jun 1 (i 

Stannard, William... 10 

Stapleton, Mr 12 

Titter, Benj. Palmer 2 8 

Wright, John 1 

Wright, William ...0 12 

M'inter, James I 4 

Webster, Mrs 10 

Ward, Robert 1 

134 smaller subscrib. 32 1 4 
Nun-Eatok, bv Rev. S. R. 

Hartnell .' 18 15 6 

Ottery, St. Mary, Fem:de 
Auxilian', by .Mrs. Eliza 

Evans .' 17 10 

Oakhampton, Devon, to 
Christmas, by Rev. N. 

Newcombe 2 

Painswick .Juvenile Society, 

by the Rev. Mr. Garlick 4 2 10 
Preston Society, by Mr. T. 

Hamer, Treasurer 71 13 1 

QuEEKsFERRY, by Mr. J. 

Sherritt' 20 

Readikg, by Rev. Mr. Douglas. 

1^'emale Auxiliary 13 

Christian Union ' 12 10 

Collected in Penny Sub- 

scriptions,by Mrs. Holmes £8 
RisBououGii, liJucks, in aid 
of Foreign Missions, bv 

W. Dorselljun .". 8 U 6 

RociiFORu ■ Penny Society, 

by Rev. Mr. Snelgar .".. (5 
SiiEEUKEssbyMr.Mullinger 15 
Shrewsbury, by Rev. T. 

Weaver 103 19 

Blunt, Mr. I 1 

Cooke, Misses S.&M.O 10 6 
Craig, Mr. James ...1 1 
Deakin, H.Holbrookl 1 
Flemjaig, Capt. Cork 5 5 

Gittins, Mr. J 1 1 

Gittins, IMr. Edward 1 1 
Gittins, Mr. John ...1 1 
Gittms, Mr. William 1 1 
Hiles, Mr. James ...0 10 6 
James, IMr. T. Wera 1 1 
Kemp, IMr. II. ditto 5 5 

XHMS 18 4 



COUNTRY AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. 



xliiL 



£ ». d. 
Broiifjlit forward. ..3408 18 4 

r.cc, .Mr. J. ditto 1 1 

Olnev, Mrs 1 1 

Pam', Mr. Joseph 50 
Pan-v, Mr. Josiah ...0 12 

Padd'ock, Mr. E 10 6 

Pidduck, Mr.T 1 

Sim])son, ]\Ir. 1, 1 

Wilson, Mrs. John... 13 
Weaver, Rev. T. ...2 2 
Simdrv under lOs.Gd 20 5 94 
Girls in the Swaa- 

hill Sunday Sch. 1 3 8.^ 
Moiety of the Sub- 

scrijjtions of a 

Penny Society at 

Harlescott, hv 

Mrs. E. Williams 4. 10 
Somerset, by .Mr. William 

CavTne, Treasurer 70 

Axe, W. Esq. (a) 1 1 

Buck, Rev. J. and 

Congregation at 

AVi\-elscombe ...2 

Edmonds, J. B 2 

Creathead, Rev. S. 

Bishop's Hull (a) 5 
Golding, Rev. T. (a) 1 1 
Ditto, Congrega- 
tion atFulhvood 13 9 
Herdsman, Rev. R. (a) 1 1 
Nicholetts J. Esq.do. 110 
Paige, Rev. J. and 

Congregation, at 

Milborn Port ...3 
Pike, Kev. Mr. and 

Congregation at 

Broadway 2 7 

Pittard, Rev.' S. Rod- 
well (a) 1 1 

CoDectedatthed<K)rs20 19 
Reynolds, Rev. and 

Congregation at 

Kingsdon 5 

Richards, Kev. Mr. 10 
Taylor, Itev. R. of 

Yeovil, being 3 

quarterssubscrip- 

tions of a Penny 

a Week Society 8 

Toller, K. Esq ...2 

STAiNES,bv Kev.Mr.Yockncv 13 11 
iSwANSEA Juvenile Society, 

by Rev. iMr. Kemp ....'.. 7 C 
TAtTXTON,byRev. Mr. Tozer 30 1 9 
Teiokmouth, by Rev. Mr. 

Gleetl .'. 13 12 3 



JO s d. 
Brought fonvard... 3543 9 4 
Wavdsworth, by Rev. Mr. 

FJvey 12 

North Walsham, by Rev. 

J. Brown 9 

Whitby, Female Society, by 

Rev. T. Young 16 2 6 

Eight months Penny 

Subscriptions 14 11 

MissS. Holt 1 1 

Mrs. J. Skinner 10 6 

Whitmy, Juvenile Society, 

by Rev, Mr. Arundel, 

half a year 9 

Whitehaven, by .Mr.Spittal, 

Secretary 28 10 6 

Woolwich, Salem Chapel 

Auxiliary, by Rev. J. M. 

Percy, half a year 13 

Worcester Penny Society, 

half a year's Contribu- 
tions, by Rev. E. Lake 35 7 
High Wycomb Society, by 

Mr. J. Jacques .....' '. 24 

YaR3iouth , 13 8 

Yeovil, by Rev. Mr. Taylor 11 
Yorkshire, West Riding 

Auxiliary Society, by 

3Ir. George llau'son, of 

Leeds, Treasurer 900 

Branch Society at West 

Melton, near Rotherham, 

by Rev. .Mr. Moorhouse 24 9 3 
Sunday School, White- 
chapel, Leeds, by Mr. 

Clapham T 

SUNDllIES. 

Bermitda, a tew Christian 
Friends at, by Mvs. 
Winslow 30 

NEWFOUNDLANn, St. Jolui'S 

Auxiliary Societ}', by 

Rev. W.'Hyde 39 6 7 

Donations and Subscriptions 
of the Crew of the late 
Brig Alliance, Captain 
L. Uavies , 1 3 G 

Ditto, Ditto, Ditto of the 
Eliza, Capt W. Davics, 
from August 1<> to De- 
cember 27, 1813 1 

Ditto, a j)Oor Man and liis 

Wife, by Rev. .Mr. Potter Oil 

Homiletical Society, Edin- 
burgh, l)y Rev. Dr. 
Buchanan ,..., 10 



JL^')i3 9 4 
Amount of Subscriptions, &.c. from page 38 



i47U' 14 8 
...4161 7 11 



Total Amount of Subscriptions.CoUections, and Donations, exclusive } jfSS74 2 7 
«f those in London and its V^kinity, carried to General Statement i ' ' 



DISBURSEMENTS 

In the Year ended March 31, 1814. 



£ s. i. 

Missions— Otaheite 5f3 12 i 

South Africa 2597 16 5 

India and Ceylon 1530 3 

China 1C60 W 

*. Java , 914. 1 6 

Jsle of France 254 14 3 

West Indies— .Demerara 438 14 6 

Berbice 154 18 6 

Tobago 257 19 6 

Trinidad 215 

1066 12 

North America 165 13 

Malta 112 

French Prisoners in England , 29 

Lascars JDitto ~ 72 

The Seminary at Gosport 795 

To Missionary Candidates 154 

To the United Brethren in Germany 200 

French Bibles 478 

T. Williams and Son, Booksellers, as per Accounts delivered 244 

For Paper and Printing, as per Ditto 1141 

The Travelling Expences of several Ministers in making Collections, &:c. 

England 172 19 

Ireland 159 5 5 

Scotland 17 14 

349 18 S 

Disbursements by Rev. G. Burder , as per Accounts delivered 1 42 7 4 

Ditto, by Rev. Mr. Tracy, including his Salary, as per Ditto 264 5 S 

Ditto, by Mr. Langton, Ditto, as per Ditto 312 7 

Sundry expences at the Annual Meeting — for Advertisements — and for 

Insurance on Goods shipped 125 16 6 

Mr. T. Lee, Collector, his per centage on i"940 47 

Sundry expences for Postages, and a variety of smaU charges 29 1.5 

Total amount of Disbursements, carried to General Statement... i: 12591 I 1 



12 


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13 


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APPENDIX. 



£ s. d. 

IBrookes, Mr. Glassliouse-strect 1 l 

Campbell, Hev. J. Shacklewell l i 
Fenn, Mr. St Geori^e's-terrace 110 

Gibson, Mr. Theobald's-row i i o 

Godbold, Mr. Tottenham-ct.-r. 1 I 

Hudson, Mr. Southampton-pl...l i o 

Kinff, Mr. Sparrow-comer l i 

Lindeman, Mr.AVTiitechapel 5 o 

Pritt, Mr. Wood-street 1 t o 



£ 

Eaffles, IMiss, Hothcrhithe 1 

Rattray, Mr. Old Bond-street... 2 

Roper, y\r. Dulwich 

Runchnian, Mr. Kotherhithe , 
Sargent, Mr. Old Gravel-lane . 
Tiniming^, Mr. Wood-street , 
Timmin'T, Mr. Eethnal-OTeen , 



t. 

1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 

Truman, Mr. Islington 1 I 

Turner, Mr. Wild-street 2 2 



COLLECTIONS AT THE ANNUAL MEETING, 1814. 

At Surr\' Cliapel S70 1 

At the Tabernacle 304 9 10 

At Tottenham Court Chapel 168 12 6 

At St. Leonard's Cliurch, Shoreditch 128 11 

At Sion Chapel , 206 9 8 

At Orange Street Chapel 72 4 



^1450 8 



AUXILIARY SOCIETY AT DEMERARA. 



WHITES. 

Holms, Mr 10 10 

Gravesande, Mr 8 13 

Stas, Mrs 2 3 

Juvenile. 

Davies, Sarah 1 

Davies, John 1 

Earl, Miss Ann 1 

Stas, Miss E 1 

Stas, Joseph 1 

Stas, Miss Frances 10 10 

FREE COLOURED. 

Baum, Catherine 1 

Barnacle, Charlotte 1 

Breda, Cena 1 

Backer, Amelia t 

Bowman, Venus 1 

Berg, Henny 1 

Cummins, Rose 1 

Cobham, Arabella g 

Cranner, Catharine 1 

Christian, Henrietta 1 

Deurwarde, Constantia 1 

Dunlop, Henrietta l 

Ewing, Kcse .* 2 



Azore 

Alsoop, Elizabeth 

4 Bollars, Margaret 

4 Bone, Wilhelmina 

Cantzalaar , Elizabeth 

8 Gibbs, Mrs 

8 Gibbs, Margaret 

8 Gibbs, Jane 

8 ' Gibbs, Sarah 

8 Gelot, Sophia 

, Gibbons, Anne 

I Gravesande, Elizabeth , 

8 j Hacket, Williaiii 

8 Hunter, William , 

8 ' James, Mrs , 

8 Knot, Elizabeth 2 

8 KroU, Ann 2 

8 Knop, Dirk 2 

8 Kerker, Mary 1 

4 Linton, Fidua 1 

8 Landel. Mary 1 

8 I^esnar, Jacoba 1 

8 Niccher, Mr ., 4 

8 Mart>Ti, Louise 2 

4 Ouca^a, Mrs 2 



s. d. 

1 8 

1 8 

1 8 

1 8 

1 8 
1 
1 



8 
8 
1 8 
1 8 



1 8 
1 8 



1 8 
6 8 



APPENDIX, 



xlvii. 



£ s. d. 

Oucama, Mr 2 3 -i 

Oucaiiia, Elizabeth 2 3 4 

Overbrook, Constantia 2 3 4 

rantliz, Florida 2 3 4 

Phillipart, Princess 2 3 4 

Qui-iteU, Mr 1 1 8 

Carol, Mr. 2 3 4 

Carol, Mrs 1 1 8 

Keed, Florida 118 

Keed, I'licnix 1 1 8 

Reffano, Judith 1 1 8 

Rvch, Madeline 1 18 

Satfon, Ann 2 3 4 

Samson, Cordelia 118 

Smit, Arabella 1 1 8 

Sharp, r^liss 1 1 8 

Sales, Catharine 1 1 8 

Timmerman, Jane 118 

Teysen, Caroline 2 3 4 

Vincent, Somkey 2 3 4 

Vincent, V^iolet 118 

JUVEVILE. 

Bvble, John 1 1 8 

"Bvble, Mo.ses 1 1 8 

Byble, Jane 1 1 8 

Bowman, James , 118 

Clyntop, Catharine 118 

Cummins, Judith 118 

Dieum, Ann 118 

Evertz, Henrietta 118 



£ f. d. 

Gravesande, Johanna 1 1 8 

Gravesande, Mary 118 

Gravesande, Jeremiah 118 

Grave-iande, Hermanus 118 

Hevligar, Peter 118 

Hicks, Eliza l 1 8 

Fevy, Minkey 118 

Linton, Abij^ail 118 

MasstI, Louisa 118 

Masse, Ankey 1 1 H 

Manville, Sophia 1^ 1 8 

Niecker, Amelia l' 1 8 

Xiecker, John 110 

Oucama, Angelina 118 

Post lethwaite, Louisa 118 

Postlethwaite, Colin 118 

Pantliz, Maria 1 t R 

Phillipart, Sophia Nanet 1 1 8 

Phillipart, Louis Athien 118 

Poolman, Poulis 118 

Poolmau, Hannah 10 10 

Poolman, Louisa 10 10 

Smit, Catharine I \ 8 

Tysen, Catharine l 1 8 

Tysen, John l i 8 

Vincent, Anna 118 

Vincent, Catharine 118 

Vincent, Kitty 1 1 S 

Vincent, Louisa 118 

Vincent, Henry l i 8 



AUXILIARY SOCIETY AT THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. 



Ru-D. 
Donations, 1811. 

Berning P. C 3 

Hiddinj^ W 10 

Fleck .l.C 5 

Hurlintij, F. sen 5 

Birt, John 10 

Battelow, Brijariw 10 

Bartlett, J. .' S 

Morison, G 8 

Martenson, — 12 

Koster, Mrs 3 

Subscription.^, 1811-1812. 

Van Licr. Mrs 20 

Smuts, Mrs S 20 

Faure, Mrs. S 20 

Nej^thlirif^, J. H. Advocate 20 

Freesleu, Mrs. Kosa 12 

Cruijma^em, Mrs. Jacoba 24 

Hojipev, J. W 50 

StCi^maun, J G „... 20 

Jonjrh, H. De 12 

Buyskes, G. Advocate 20 

I,ee\vner, G 20 

Bernin^. Mrs. A. E 10 

llichert, J. A. „.^10 



Rix-D. 

Lottcr, C. D 10 

I.otter, Mrs. W 7 

Wicht, .Ian H 8 

Yon":, D. de 20 

Combrink, J 12 

Bresler, J. A 8 

Vos, M. C e 

AVondl.erg, P. S 8 

Smit, L.J 6 

Wet. Mrs. de 20 

Smuts, W G 

Hoets, Mr. 20 

laurt?, J P 20 

Smuts, J, A 10 

Smuts, L J. L 10 

Smith, C. H 3T 

Stronck, Simon 24 

Hammes, P. F 16 

Botha, S. F 10 

Wet, J. P. de, Notary 40 

Kusch, Sara ►. 4 

Lesar, Sara G 

Smidt. Mrs. A 6 

Koster, Mr. C 10 

MeUet, J. J 10 



xlviii. 



APPENDIX. 



f-5K- 



Pentz, P. J i 12 

Vos, H. D 6 

Villiers, A. P. de 24 

Vos, G. J 24 

Hvsse, Mrs. C. M 24 

ilvkheer, Mr. J 4 

Sc'halkwyk, J. D. D. Van 10 

Ilendrikse, Mrs. J. D 6 

Denyssen, D. Fiscal 20 

De Kok, Isabella 6 

DeJongh, D 10 

Smith, Mrs 20 

Warnick, Jan 10 

Lutgens, J 6 

.Mol, C 10 

Van den Berg, Dr. 5 

Meijer, Mrs 5 

Freislich, Carolus 5 

Wieham, J. C 6 

Gorkins, H 2 

Gorkens, H. S. C 2 

M'Donald, J. 93d Regiment 5 

Anderson, K. Ditto 5 

Mjjer, Gert 10 

Dempers, Herm 5 

Kussouw, .T. N 3 

Van Helsding, Mrs 10 

Smidt, Christian C 4 

Russomv, F 6 

De Nikker, F 10 

Thomas, Mrs 25 

Suhscriptions for 18 13. 

Faure. P. E 5 

De Mikker, C. M 6 

Berg, OelofM 12 

De Kok, Isabella S 3 

Beck, R- Notary 10 

Beck, J. H 2 

Siihscriptums from the Country, 1811-1812. 

Theron, P. F. Tulbagh 8 

De Wet, Widow, Ditto 12 

Van Rees, Widow, Ditto 5 

Hugo, Pieter F. Ditto 5 

Morel, Mrs. Stellingbosh 15 

\V. J. L. L. E. R. S. Tygerbergh ... 20 

De Wet, Widow F. Drokenstein ... 12 



Ikmationsfrom the Non-commisnoned Officers 
and Privates of tlie foUoicing Regvmentt 
in 1811. 
93d Sutherland Highlanders. 

RLv-D. sir. p. 

Grenadier Company 5i 2 4 

1st Company 12 2 

2d Ditto 31 2 

4th Ditto 34 I 4 

Sth Ditto 24 6 2 

6th Ditto 25 3 

7th Ditto 44 4 

Sth Ditto 16 5 2 

Light Company 8 7 

248 5 

21st Light Dragoons 33 3 

Royal Artillery 6 

Rix.Dollars...288 

Donations from the Non-commissioned Officer $ 
and Privates of the following Hegiments 
in 1813. 
93d Sutherland Highlanders. 

flir-D. Sk. p. 

Grenadier Company 51 3 

1st Company..^ 76 1 

2d Ditto 109 O 

3d Ditto 65 6 

4th Ditto 92 3 

5th Ditto 59 

6th Ditto 45 

7th Ditto 75 

Sth Ditto 80 2 4 

Light Company 66 4 

•720 1 4 

21st Light Dragoons 20 

83d Regiment 10 

Rix.Dollar3...750 1 4 

* 50 Rix-DoUars of this sum were 
paid to the Religious Tract Society; the 
reft were lor Missionary purposes. 





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