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Union Theological Seminary, 

. Park Avenuk, 


December 9, 1884. 

Printing House OF William C. Marti 

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What is now called the Union Theological Semtn~ 
ary was opened for instruction December ^th, 1836. 
flight city lots had already {February lolh, 1836) 
been ordered to be purchased under a lease front the 
Sailors' Snug Harbor. Four of these lots fronted 
{\OQ feeC) on University Place, between Seventh and 
Eighth Streets; and four, directly in the rear, front- 
ed on Greene Street. The whole defth of the plot 
was 175 feet. The four lots on Greene Street were 
intended for Professors' houses. These four lots were 
subsequently sold, with the two houses -which had been 
erected upon two of the lots. The Seminary Building 
on University Place {then Jackson Avenue) was dedi- 
cated December 12th, 1838. It was three stories high, 
zoith a frontage of sixty-five feet, and contained a 
Chapel, three Lecture Rooms, a Reading Room, a 
Library, and a few rooms for Students. In 1852 two 
stories zuere added to this Building, providing in- 
creased accommodation for Students. A corner house 
on Clinton Place (No. 30) was purchased in April, 
1865. In March, 1866, one of the Professors' houses 
on Greene Street {No. 257), which had been owned 
and occupied for more than twenty years by Dr. 

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Edward Robinson, was purchased of his heirs. In 

April, 1875, another house on Greene Street (^No. 
263) was purchased. During the summer of that 
same year a new Building was erected, uniting 263 
Greene Street with 30 Clinton Place; an addition 
was made to the old Seminary Building, partly to 
accommodate the Library; and the Building itself 
was thoroughly renovated. The question of removal, 
which had been raised more than once, was then 
thought to be settled for many years to come. 

The new site on Lenox Hill, three miles north of 
the old site on University Place, was purchased in 
April, 1881. The original purchase was of ten lots 
between 6<^th and loth Streets, fronting eastward on 
Park Avenue. The price paid was $275,000. Two 
additional lots were purchased in February, 1883, a 
third lot in December, 1883, and a fourth lot in Jan- 
uary, 1885. Two of these four lots are on 6()th 
Street, and the other two are on loth Street, in the 
rear of the Dormitory. The six houses which will 
stand upon the four lots — three on each of the two 
Streets, may at any time become wings of the Dormi- 
tory. The four Buildings of the Seminary— Chapel, 
Library, Lecture Hall, and Dormitory, surrounding 
a hollow square, occupy the ten lots first purchased. 
The four buildings have cost about $425,000. There 
is no finer group of buildings in the City. The arch- 
itects were William, A. Potter and James Brown Lord. 

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The Building Contmittee consisted of Ezra M. King- 
sley, Roswell D. Hitchcock, Erskine N. White, David 
H. McAlpin, John Crosby Brown, D. Willis James 
and Henry Day. The foundations were laid in Jan- 
uary, 1882. The Buildings were substantially com- 
pleted by the first of May, 1884, and occupied at the 
opening of the Academic year, September \^th, 1884. 

The service of dedication, deferred till Tuesday, 
December gth, 1884, was held in the Adams Chapel, 
and was conducted by President Hitchcock, and by 
the Rev. Dr. John Hall — Dr. Hall reading the 
Scripture and making the prayer of consecration, 
and the President delivering the address. 

Luncheon having been served at one o'clock in the 
Gymnasium, the audience reassembled in the Chapel^ 
at three o"" clock, to listen to short addresses from distin- 
guished scholars — guests of the Seminary, representing 
other Institutions. 

In the evening, at eight o'clock, a Prayer Meeting 
was held in the Chapel, the Rev. Dr. Charles H. 
Parkhurst,John Crosby Brown, and D. Willis James 
taking part in the service. 

1200 Park AvfHue. 

January i0t. 1885. 

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A O O >^ E S S 


Wc lia\c waited lonj^, :incl patient!}-, tor the occa- 
sion which has now called us together. And the 
waitinjf is well rewarded. Forty-eight years ago, 
when this Seminary began its existence, its roots 
were in the air. It had no buildinjr of its own, no 
library, no permanent endowment, no charter even; 
and for two years no catuloj^ue was published. But 
the institution had a recognized ielicity of location in 
the commercial metropolis of the continent; soon it 
had the great name of Edward Robinson; and has 
had. all along, in its steady development, the impulse 
and support of earnest, practical piety, of resolute 
determination, and of good secular common-sense. 
Through all the changeful years of experiment, of 
struggle, and of growth, our environment, our Facul- 
ty of instruction, and our Board of direction have all 
worked on harmoniously together towards the happy 
consummaticui which has at length been reached. 
And so we stand here to-day, in strong, strategic 
position, occupying the very spot of all others on this 
island to have been preferred; with appointments of 
every sort more nearly perfect than we had dared to 
e.xpcct so soon. 

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I see the shadows. Only a few days ago Henry 
Ivison took leave of us. We miss the many well- 
remembered forms of Founders and Benefactors, of 
Instructors and Alumni, who would have rejoiced to 
behold this day. It may be they arc beholding it from 
the other side, gazing down, unseen of us, into these 
upturned faces, joining with us in the melodies of song 
and prayer; even more tenderly grateful than we are 
for what has already been accomplished for the king- 
dom of our Lord; and more exultingly assured of still 
greater and better things to come. Forty-eight years 
ago, in a city whose population was only about one- 
fourth of what it is to-day, no human sagacity could 
have placed permanently an institution like this of 
ours. Our predecessors were simply obliged to wait. 
The present location is apparently for many decades, 
it not for all time. This commanding site, so near 
the centre of the island, is in little danger of losing 
its advantages. Right behind us is the grand Central 
Park; close around us are hospitals, schools, and 
galleries of art — the trophies and adornments of sm 
advancing Christian civilization. But this institution 
of sacred learning, which we dedicate to-day^inter- 
preter of God's word, herald of God's grace, outranks 
them all. Our work lies along far-reaching lines. 
The spiritual and eternal must dominate the material 
and temporal. We must steer, not our commerce 
only, but our whole civilization, by the stars. Reli- 
gion is the supreme arbiter and architect. 

I am allowed no great latitude of choice in selecting 
the topic of my discourse to-day. The proprieties of 
the occasion are imperative. I must speak to you 

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about this School of the Prophets. I must tell you 
what it has been, what it is, and what it aims to be. 
Its earlier annals are before me in the official records. 
But more than half its history has been, as it were, a 
part of-my own personal experience. Some of its 
earliest benefactors, such as the elder Anson Greene 
Phelps, I never saw. Its first President, the Rev. 
Thomas McAuley, and its first Professor of System- 
atic Theology, the Rev. Henry White, I do not 
remember ever to have met. But I have known 
almost every other man whose name is in our General 
Catalogue, whether as Director or Teacher. My 
own call to service here, in 1855, came on me like a 
baptism which I could not refuse. And never since 
have I forgotten to bless the Lord for giving me such 
work to do, in the midst of such surroundings of 
fellowship and opportunity. I believe in the Union 
Theological Seminary. For twenty-nine years I have 
begrudged it neither laborious days, nor 'wakeful 
nights. It has absorbed my life. And yet I choose 
to be haunted, day and night, by the vision of what 
it may be. 

Two years from now this Seminary will have 
rounded out its first half century. The interval is 
brief, and the present occasion seems to require very 
much the same sort of deliverance as may be ex- 
pected then, I shall take it for granted, that who- 
ever voices that occasion will find quite enough still 
remaining to be said. 

Our history divides itself into three sharply defined 
periods. The first period may be said to have begun 
with Edward Robinson ; the second began with 

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Henry Boynton Smith; and the third began with 
William Adams. The first period gave us an edifice, 
a library, our name, oiir charter, and what may be 
called our preeminently Biblical reputation. The 
second period gave us an enliirged horizon of stud}', 
a more diversified and broadened culture, espeeially 
in history, philosophj", and theology. The present 
period has been one of new departures, and of signal 
prosperity, inward and outward. And all the periods 
have had a pronounced missionary inspiration, both 
domestic and foreign. Not many educational insti- 
tutions have moved along so steadily t<)wards a 
maturity of ciiaractcr at once so well defined, and so 


Of the honored Founders and first Benefactors of 
the Seminary, the President of our Board of Directors, 
whose gracious presence is a constant satisfaction, 
is now the only sur\ivor. From him at first hand, 
from others at second hand, and from our own otiieial 
records, the earlier histor}- has been easily ascer- 
tained. In brietly reciting it, I must, first of all, 
correct a misstatement which has had wide currency. 
It has been asserted with confidence, that this Semin- 
ary no more named itself the "Union Theological 
Seminary" than anj" one of us named himself when 
he was born; that the name was given us at Albany, 
to distinguish this institution from the kindred one of 
our Episcopal brethren; and that the name was 
accepted as a happy accident and omen. It is indeed 
true that "The New York Theological Seminary" 

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was the name first taken by the founders in 1836. It 
is also true, that "The Union Theological Seminary 
in the City of New York" is the name inserted in 
the Act of Incorporation, which passed the State 
Senate and Assembly on the 27th of March, 1839, 
and was accepted by the Directors of the Seminary 
on the ^oth of December, of the same year. But it 
is not true that this new name had its origin at Albany. 
It was sent up from New York, It originated with 
the founders. And it had a significance which the 
founders took pains to emphasize. It was meant to 
he a monumental protest against the unhappy rending 
of the Presbyterian Church in 1837, as also both a 
prayer and a prophecj' against it. My authority for 
this version of the matter, is the Rev. William 
Charles Roberts, who had it from the lips of his ven- 
erable parishioner, Richard Townley Haines, the 
first lay President of the Board of Directors. In 
support of this positive testimony, it is a matter of 
record that, on the 15th day of March, 1839, twelve 
days before the Act of Incorporatioi^w was passed, the 
Directors of the Seminary- voted to request their 
Committee on the Charter " to solicit an Act ol 
Incorporation for this Seminary under such name as 
they nftiy find acceptable to the Legislature." Clearly 
this implies, on the part of our Directors, some delib- 
eration, and an expressed preference, of which no 
record can now he found. Mr. Charles Butler, the 
only survivor, remembers the deliberation and the 
decision. Our name, accordingly, may no longer be 
called a happy accident. It was happy enough, but 
no accident at all. 

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The spirit of the institution answered to its name. 
Laymen had a great deal to do in the making of it; 
rather more, I think, than in most other institutions 
of its kind and grade. Hence the emphasis put upon 
religion, as distinguished from theology; with the 
theology irenic rather than polemic. In the Preamble 
to the original Constitution of the Seminary,* drawn 
up, it is said, by Dr. Erskine Mason, we find this 
golden concluding declaration: "It is the design of 
the founders to provide a Theological Seminary in 
the midst of the greatest and most growing commu- 
nity in America, around which all men of moderate 
views and feelings, who desire to live free from 
party strife, and to stand aloof from all the extremes 
of doctrinal speculation, practical radicalism, and 
ecclesiastical domination, may cordially and affec- 
tionately rally." There was felt to be a lamentable 
dearth of desirable candidates for the ministry. And 
this institution, while it would receive others, was 
designed especially for young men in the Cities of 
New York and Brooklyn, who might desire to study 
for the ministry, but whose circumstances rendered 
it inconvenient for them to go from home for that 
purpose. Vital godliness, thorough scholarship, and 
practical training in works of benevolence artd pas- 
toral labors, were all declared to be " essentially 
necessary." And so it was that our Founders builded 
wiser than they knew. Far beyond their original 
purpose, they had laid the foundations of an institu- 
tion, which almost immediately began to be not 
merely provincial, but national and cosmopolitan. 

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The growth was rapid; under the circumstances too 
rapid to be healthy. The first year, twenty-three 
young men came here to study for the ministry; in 
the second year, fifty-six; in the three regular classes 
of the third year, ninety-two; and 120 in the three 
regular classes of the fourth year. In that fourth 
year of 1839-40, the Junior class numbered fifty-five 
— an accession equalled, or exceeded, only twice in 
all our subsequent historj'. It was only the year 
before, that the building on University Place was 
finished, and the precious Van Ess Library put into 
it. Till then the Seminary had been literally peripa- 
tetic, the Mercer Street Vestry, and the parlors, or 
offices, of the Instructors being the only Lecture 
Rooms. The experiment was a new one, against all 
our educational traditions, so that permanent Pro- 
fessors, willing to take the risk, were not easily 
obtained. On the twenty-second of February, 1836, 
Justin Edwards, afterwards President of Andover 
Seminary, and Heman Humphrey, then President ol 
Amherst College, were rival candidates for the Chair 
of Systematic Theology. Dr. Edwards was chosen, 
but declined. At the same time, Joseph Addison 
Alexander, of Princeton, was appointed to the Chair 
of Biblical Literature, and he also declined. On the 
thirtieth of September, 1836, Henry White, then 
thirty-six years old, educated at Princeton, and pastor 
of the Allen Street Church in this city, was elected to 
the Professorship of Systematic Theology, which had 
been declined by Justin Edwards.* The choice was a 
good one. Dr. White was an independent, acute, vig- 

*See Note B. 

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orous thinker, and an admirable teaclicr. He lived 
to serve the institution for fourteen years, and is still 
spoken of by his pupils with great enthusiasm. An 
excellent cop}' of his Lectures, presented by a member 
of the class of 1S43, the Rev. Samuel Ilaight IIall,is 
now among the manuscripts in our Library. Dr. 
McAuley having accepted the Professorship of Pas- 
toral Theolog)', it remained to fill the Chair of Bibli- 
cal Literature. And now it can do no harm to tell 
how near we came to losing the almost inestimable 
services of Edward Robinson. On the thirtieth of 
September, 1H36, he and Professor George How, of 
the Columbia Theological Seminary in South Caro- 
lina, were candidates for the Chair which had been 
declined by Joseph Addison Alexander. Of the 
twenty votes that were cast, one was a blank, fifteen 
were for George How, and only four were for 
Edward Robinson. This result was due in part to 
a special persona! interest in Professor How, but 
also in part, and largely, to distrust of the rival candi- 
date on accoimt of his German antecedents, associa- 
tions, and supposed tendencies. Professor How 
strongly desired to come to New York, and kept 
the question open for a considerable length of time, 
but finally declined the position here odered him. 
On the other hand, better acquaintance with the pupil 
of Gesenius appears to have conquered every preju- 
dice, and on the twentieth of December, 1836, 
Edward Robinson, then fort3--two years old, was 
unanimously elected to the vacant place, holding it 
till he died, on the twenty-seventh of January, 1863. 
Our greatest good fortune in those early days was 

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the installment of this consummate scholar in the 
Chair of Biblical Literature. His letter of accept- 
ance, which I would like to see published, is one of 
the most important documents relating to our early 
history. It lays out the work of Biblical Study and 
Criticism with the hand of a master.* But the full 
harvest had to be waited for. On the seventeenth of 
July, 1^37, Professor Robinson set sail from New 
York for Europe and Palestine. His long absence, 
so near the beginning of tilings, of course weakened 
the Seminary somewhat. But when he returned, 
after three years, bringing back with him the treas- 
ures of the Orient, he went at once to his place in 
the front rank of distinguished scholars and teachers. 
His specialty was a double one, of "the Land and 
the Book." Few men ha\e done so much for Bibli- 
cal Lexicography. No one man has done so much 
for Biblical Geograph}-. To call him the Reland ol 
the nineteenth century, is quite as much of a compli- 
ment for Reland himself as for Robinson. Ilis two 
Lexicons, his Harmony of the Gospels, and hi.s Bibli- 
cal Researches are the four solid pillars of his fame. 
Other names adorn those early annals. In the 
Biblical department, special commendation is due to 
George Bush, the eminent Orientalist, to Isaac 
Nordheimer, the brilliant Hebrew Grammarian, and 
to William Wadden Turner, whose modest and 
patient scholarship gained for him hardly so much of 
recognition as he deserved. Professor Bush, then 
living almost like a monk in Nassau Street, taught 
Hebrew in the Seminary during the first year — from 

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1836 to 1837 ; Nordheimer, three years— from 1838 
to 1841 ; and Turner, nine years — from 1843 to 
1852. A considerable part of the curriculum was 
cared for by Professors Extraordinary. The names 
of Erskine Mason, Samuel Hanson Cox, Ichabod 
Smith Spencer, Thomas Harvey Skinner, and William 
Adams, are prominent in the early catalogues. These 
men were city pastors, in charge of important congre- 
gations, with little time for the special studies of 
professors, or the proper drill of the class-room. The 
small number of regular professors was, for years, 
the weak point here. I used to think it strange that 
the founders and friends of the Seminary moved so 
slowly in this matter. But I am convinced that they 
did about as well as they could. In 1835 New York 
lost millions in the great fire. In 1837 the whole 
country was struck by one of those financial cyclones, 
which, like French revolutions, come once in about 
every twenty years. New York City was not then 
wealthy, as it is to-day. Presbyterian Churches, 
especially, were comparatively few and weak. "The 
rich man's wealth is his strong city ; the destruction 
of the poor is his poverty." It was so with us. And 
the reputation of the Seminary suffered. Young men 
flocked hither from the New England and other Col- 
leges, and were disappointed. Promise outran per- 
formance. The General Catalogue will show how 
many went away from here, year by year, to other 
Seminaries ; and how many came from other Sem- 
inaries to this. As compared with Andover, the 
balance was against us. In 1846-7, our total number 
of Students in the three regular Classes, was 115. 

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From this point the decHne was steady, till, in 
1850-51, the total had run down to seventy-three. 
This, however, was only the darkness before the 


The second period in our history begins with the 
advent of a young Professor who had studied in 
Berlin, and was fully persuaded of the peculiar 
advantages of a great city as a place of training for 
the ministry. This young Professor then only thirty- 
five years old, was Henry Boynton Smith. He was 
born in the State of Maine, graduated at Bowdoin 
College, under the 'presidency of William Allen, 
whose daughter he afterwards married, studied the- 
ology at Bangor, Andover, and in Germany, was for 
five years a pastor in Massachusetts, and had been, 
for three years, Professor of Philosophy in Amherst 
College. His fibre was at once very fine and very 
firm. He was a born scholar and thinker, with the 
playful simplicity of a child, and with that heroic 
fearlessness of man which is born of the fear of God. 
He came here in 1850, a stranger personally to almost 
every member of the Board of Directors. Dr. Adams, 
and Dr. Stearns, of Newark, stood sponsors for him. 
He first occupied the Chair of Church History.* And 
it is not too much to say, that he handled the subject 
as it had never before been handled in any American 
Seminary. He led the way in naturalizing among 
us the historic spirit and method of the learned, de- 
vout and catholic Neander. After four years of this 

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most quickeninji and IruicJ'ui work, only partially 
preserved in his Chronolotjical Tables <»f Church 
History, he was translcrred to the Chair ot' System- 
atic TheoIoi,fy,* made \acant the \ear before by the 
resiji'nation ol' James Patriot Wilson, now ol' Newark, 
the honored son of an iionored lather. Professor 
Smith had, indeed, been teaehin<i theoloii'v all alon;^, 
but rather b\' historic siiiij^estion. The metiiod had 
now to be ehan<:fed. The change was gradual. At 
first, and lor a considerable time, the historic method 
held its own, almost too stoutl\-, ai^aiiist the doiijnatie 
method. I used to iiear it said, in those first years, 
that the Union Seminar)' had no distinctive theology. 
Some Old School men tlioitght it too new ; some 
New School men thought it too old. It «as both 
old and new. The underlying philosophy was real- 
istic. The theolog\- was that of the ages, harnioiiizcd 
into a grand Catholic consensus. There can be no 
question about Professor Smith's sympathy with 
Augustine, Calvin, and li^dwards. Theie can be no 
question about his charity for such men as Channing 
and Bushnell. Nor can there be any question about 
his more immediate indebtedness to such men as 
Schleiermacher, ThoUiek, and Julius Miiller. B\ 
and by, Professor Smith's Christo-centric theology 
began to be recognized as somethiiig at once more 
scientific and more edifying than either oi the old 
belligerent extremes. It was b}' no mere adroitness, 
either logical or rhetorical, but by sharp, genial in- 
sight, that he reconciled apparently clashing state- 
ments. He was honestly of the opinion, that no 

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American theologian had ever surpassed Jonathan 
Edwards ; that no European theologian of the 
Reformation period surpassed John Cafvin ; that no 
mediicval theologian surpassed Thomas Aquinas; and 
that no ancient theologian surpassed Auf^ustine. But 
he bowed to no human authority — modern, mediaival, 
or ancient. He knew but One Master. For nearly 
fifteen years this grand irenic work went on, the 
slight frame all too delicate for the force it carried, 
tilf, in the winter of i868-6g, our accomplished, 
admired, and beloved Professor utterly broke down, 
and was kindly sent into foreign lands for the recu- 
peration which was felt to be impossible at home. 
Tlic unlooked-for opportunity was eagerly improved. 
In Germany among old friends, both going and re- 
turning, iu Italy, in Egypt, in the Sinaitic Peninsula, 
in Palestine, in European Turkey, in Greece, the 
scholarly dream of j'ears was realized. But his life 
e\er atler was a losing battle, till, in 1N74, in great 
bitterness of disappointment, he resigned his Chair, 
to become Pr<)fessor Emeritus and Lecturer on 
Apologetics, and at last, without a murmur, ou the 
seventh day of Februarj, 1877, he resigned his 
weary life. For a time it was feared that the fine 
work that he had done in the Class Room might have 
to remain in the Note Books, and in the memory of 
his pupils. To one of the most esteemed of these 
pupils, the Rev. William Stevens Karr, now Profes- 
sor in the Hartford Theological Seminary, we owe 
unbounded gratitude that the work done by this most 
severely trained and most erudite of all our Ameri- 
can theologians is in no danger any longer of becom- 

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ing a mere tradition. In 1882 Dr. Karr gave us the 
little volume of Apologetics, in 1883 another little 
volume of Prolegomena, and at last, in 1884, the 
Lectures. These alone are worth all the Seminary 
has ever cost. 

Another eminent Professor belonged to this second 
period. From 1848, two years before the coming of 
Professor Smith, the Chair of Sacred Rhetoric was 
occupied by Thomas Harvey Skinner,* a courtly, 
gallant man, of Southern birth and blood, but of 
Northern training, a man of most positive, intense, 
and resolute theology wrapped in the mantle of a 
flaming evangelism. Many a prayer have I heard 
from his lips in our Evening Chapel Service, which 
would have been explained to me, had he died dur- 
ing the night that followed. When at length he did 
die, on the first day of February, 187 1, having 
reached nearly four-score years, it was very much 
like translation. As any Professor might choose to 
have it, he stepped almost directly from contact with 
his Students in the Class Room into the blessed 
fellowship of saints and angels before the Throne. 

Other Professors of the period were William 
Greenough Thayer Shedd, who took the Chair of 
Sacred Literature in 1863 ; and Philip Schaff, for 
whom the Chair of Theological Cyclopaedia and 
Christian Symbolism was established in 1870. 

Commemoration is due also to a succession oi 
younger men, who, one after another, rendered ex- 
cellent service as Assistant Instructors in the Bibli- 
cal department. Some of our older graduates will 

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be glad to hear the names of Hawks, of Dunning, of 
Hadley, of Starbuck, of Sheldon, and of Burkhalter. 
We remember also, with gratitude, the service ren- 
dered by Dr. Riggs of Constantinople, Dr. Van 
Dyek of Beyrout, and Dr. John De Witt from the 
Seminary at New Brunswick in New Jersey, which 
has recently celebrated its centennial. 

This second period takes in the four bitter and 
bloody years of our Civil War, during which freedom 
and slavery, Plymouth and Jamestown, wrestled 
together for the mastery of the greater part of the 
continent. It is easy enough now to be on the right 
side. But some of us remember the time when it 
was not quite certain whether loyal regiments from 
New England would be permitted to march peace- 
fully down these streets. I shall always remember 
with pride, that our old edifice in University Place 
was among the first to run up the Stars and the 
Stripes. The number of our students immediately 
declined. Brave young men from the Colleges went 
to the fiery front, instead of coming here to study 
theology. One of our own Faculty, Henry Hamilton 
Hadley, a beautiful scholar, and a lovely Christian, 
laid down his life in the service of the Sanitary Com- 
mission as bravely as though he had fallen in battle. 
Our total went down (in 1863-4) to eighty-five. 
The year after the War (1865-6) it went up again to 
123. Out of that War came the stalwart band of 
missionaries afterward sent to Kansas. Led by 
Captain Lewis, they did for Kansas what a similar 
band from Andover, years before, had done for 

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Presbyterian reunion also belongs to this second 
period; and the part taken by our Seminary in that 
noble victory of breadth and charity, is one of 
its imperishable laurels. On our New School side 
the two men who did most for reunion, it hardly 
needs to be said, were Henry Boynton Smith and 
William Adams. George Washington Musgrave 
and Charles Clinton Beatty were the two men who 
did most for it on the other side. Charles Hodge 
was one of the later converts. At the semi-cen- 
tennial of his Professorship in 1872, Union* and 
Princeton Seminaries met face to face. Each had 
hung its trumpet in the hall. Each dipped to the 
other its war-worn flag; and the two Dogmatic 
Chairs were planted side by side on the Cloth of 
Gold. If saints judge angels, it must be because the 
uplifted and restored have some advantage over those 
who have never fallen. To be reconciled may be 
better than never to have been at variance. This 
reiinited Presbyterian Church, I am very sure, is 
better than the Presbyterian Church which, in 1^37, 
permitted itself to be rent in twain. 

Early in this second period strenuous efforts began 
to be made for the permanent endowment of the 
Seminary. Till then annual subscriptions had been 
required to meet the current expenses. Prominent 
among the early contributors were such men as 
Richard Towniey Haines, James Boorman, William 
Mills Halsted, Caleb Oliver" Halsted, Anthony Post 
Haisey, David Hoadley, John Center Baldwin, 
William Earle Dodge, Norman White, and Anson 
Greene Phelps, father and son, Financial agents 

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were indispensable. Important service in this direc- 
tion was rendered by the Rev, Lubin Burton Rock- 
wood from 1843 to 1850 ; and from 1850 to 1852 by 
the Rev. George FrankHn Wiswell. For years a 
majority of the staunchest friends of the Seminary 
were members of the Mercer Street Church. A 
scholarly and able discourse by the Rev, Dr. Prentiss, 
then pastor of that Church, setting forth the claims of 
the Seminary, prepared the way for a new departure, 
A social gathering in furtherance of this object — the 
first of its kind, was held at the house of Mr. Charles 
Butler, in Fourteenth Street, in the February of 
1852. The appeal then issued was from the pen of 
Professor Smith. Exclusive of aid to the Students, 
the Seminary was then spending about $12,000 a 
year. From the Roosevelt legacy of $30,000, in 
1846, and from all other sources combined, only 
$5,000 a year could be reHed upon. This suggested 
a further endowment of $150,000, only two thirds of 
which, however, were actually raised. The Financial 
Agent of the Seminary, employed in securing this 
endowment, and for ten years afterward, was the 
Rev, Joseph Steele Gallagher, formerly of the United 
States Army, then settled over a Church in Orange, 
New Jersey, Subsequently, from 1863 to 1874, he 
served the Seminary as its Treasurer, and is remem- 
bered with lively gratitude,* In 1852, a fourth and 
an attic story were added to the Seminary Building, 
affording accommodation for forty-eight additional 
Students. In 1854, there came a welcome legacy of 
$20,000 from Mary Fassitt, of Philadelphia, a friend 

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of Dr. Skinner; and, in 1855, Mrs. Jacob Bell, of 
New York, formerly of Maine, gave $25,000 to 
endow the Washburn Professorship of Church 
History, in memory of her brother, the Rev. Samuel 
Washburn, of Baltimore, and was permitted to name 
the first incumbent of the Chair. Soon came the 
second financial cyclone of 1857, followed, in 1865, 
by a new subscription of $100,000; and this again, 
in 1870, by still another subscription of $300,000. 
Both of these subscriptions were obtained by the 
the Rev. Dr. Edwin Francis Hatfield, who became 
a Director of the Seminary in 1846, and died Mode- 
rator of the General Assembly in 1883. It was in 
1870 that sixty city lots on St. Nicholas Avenue, in 
the neighborhood of 130th Street, were purchased as 
a new site for the Seminary. Removal thither was 
then considered to be a question merely of time and 
of means. Fortunately, our poverty prevented what 
we now see would have been a great mistake. 

To this period belong the three Lectureships of the 
the Seminary, which have diversified and enriched 
its Curriculum. In 1866, we had, from Arnold 
Guyot, the first course of lectures on the scientific 
fouodation established by Professor Samuel Finley 
Breese Morse, of telegraphic fame. In 1867, we 
had, from Albert Barnes, the first course of lectures 
on the apologetic foundation established by Mr. 
Zebulon Stiles Ely, of this City, in memory of his 
brother. And in 1871, on the hygienic foundation 
established by Willard Parker, we had, from Willard 
Parker himself, our first course of practical lectures 
on health. 

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So ended the second period of our history. 
Through all its three-and-twenty years of storm and 
hardship, the Seminary kept on growing. Its 
branches were tossed, and sometimes torn, but its 
roots were multiplied and deepened. Comprehen- 
sive, severe, accurate, and ardent scholarship, not less 
than ardent piety, became more and more its con- 
scious aim, more and more its confessed achievement. 
Its well-trained Alumni — editors, secretaries, profes- 
sors, evangelists, and pastors, at home and abroad, 
had gone round the globe. From China west- 
ward, round again to China, the sun in his daily 
march was constantly rousing our children to their 
work. Such missionaries as Bowen, the Fords — 
father and son, Crane, Dodd, Parsons, the jessup 
brothers, Kalopothakes, Post, and Calhoun, are now 
among the jewels of our crown.* The experiment 
of 1836 had unquestionably succeeded. It was proved 
that a great Theological Seminary, of the highest 
grade, both scholarly and practical, may be made to 
flourish in a great commerical centre. And then at 
last it had begun to be felt, that an institution which 
had accomplished so much, with means so limited, 
had fairly earned for itself a title to better equipment 
for still better service. Morning was in the air. 


It seems much longer ago than eleven years, that 
our Seminary entered upon the present period of its 
history. At the threshold stand two forms which 
I cannot separate: William Adams, and James 

•See NoteH. 

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Brown. Dr. Adams had a rare influence over 
Christian men. Son of an eminent classical teacher, 
prepared for college under his father in the Phillips 
Andover Academy, taking high classical rank at 
Yale, a favorite pupil and life-long friend of Moses 
Stuart, of the Andover Theological Seminary, settled 
for three years over a Congregational Church in 
Massachusetts, since 1834 ^ pastor in New York 
City, he was, when I came here, 21 jxars later, 
easily at the head of our Presbyterian ministry. He 
had been connected with the Union Seminary almost 
from its earlist conception ; the first meeting in 
relation to it having been held on the loth 
of October, 1835, and his name appearing for the 
first time in the minutes of the fifth meeting, held on 
the gth day of November following. His ideal of a 
Seminary for New York was that of Andover trans- 
planted, with improvements, I le had helped the 
younger institution, sometimes against its prejudices, 
to more than one of its best professors. He was 
himself a shining model of what is most to be desired 
in either pastor or preacher. Near the beginning, he 
had been one of the Professors Extraordinary of 
Sacred Rhetoric. After Dr. Skinner's death in 1871, 
he came in again as Lecturer on Church Polity. In 
1872, he was asked and urged to take Dr. Skinner's 
vacant Chair; but refused. This refusal was charac- 
teristic of him. With no unmanliness of self-dis- 
paragement, with no distrust of the sincerity of his 
admiring friends, he was yet one of the most modest 
of men. As I have had occasion to say of him 
before, apparently he was always afraid he might not 

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succeed, and yet was always succeeding. He was 
then sixty-five years old. His life had been spent in 
the pulpit, and he shrank from the great change of 
mental habit and attitude that would be expected of 
him. A year later, in 1873, when he was sixty-six 
years old, the Chair of Sacred Rhetoric was again 
offered him, in connection with the Presidency of the 
Seminary, and accepted.* For this auspicious result, 
we arc indebted to the strong personal friendship 
existing between himself and Mr. James Brown, the 
eminent banker of New York. The two families 
were already allied by marriage. Mr. Brown had 
himself married the daughter of a clergyman. He 
was connected with what had been considered one of 
the Old School Churches. But he was living near 
the Seminar}', and had witnessed its growth from the 
beginning. His gift of $300,000, greatly exceeding 
any single previous donation to the Seminary, is not 
likely ever to be surpassed in its moral effect. It 
was princely; and it was opportune. It completed 
the endowment of six Professorships, only one of 
which, endowed by himself and his brother, John A, 
Brown, of Philadelphia, could bear his name. It 
was a most kindly considerate, and a most unselfish 
act. The dear, good man I His portrait hangs upon 
our walls like a perpetual benediction. A marble 
statue would better befit this new home.f 

The administration of Dr. Adams came on us like 
a burst of sunshine. He had, of course, first of ail, to 
take care of his own department of Sacred Rhetoric, 
which he handled with all the versatility and fresh- 

* Hee Note I, + See Note J. 

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ness of early manhood. To this he added the toils and 
cares of an office which had lain dormant for thirty 
years. The whole institution was toned up. Profes- 
sors and Students, equally and all, felt the magnetism 
of his courtly and stimulating presence. On all public 
occasions, he was our ornament and pride. In all 
the dry details of our daily, weekly, and monthly 
routine of work, he was a model of punctuality, 
precision, and thoroughness. He possessed, in an 
eminent degree, what I will venture to call the 
institutional instinct and habit. He was a genuine 
University man : always promptly in his place, and 
always ready for his work. He also believed in 
new departures. At an early date our Course of 
Study was carefully revised, in the interest of a 
severer discipline. During the first period of our 
history, and some way on into the second period, 
there had been only two lectures a day ; and these 
were between the hours of four and six in the after- 
noon, partly for the convenience of such as were 
supporting themselves by outside work. Some time 
before, the lectures had been pushed back an hour ; 
and now we added a morning lecture at eleven 
o'clock, for the expressed purpose of bringing out- 
side work within the narrowest limits possible. With 
Dr. Adams originated our two scholastic Fellow- 
ships, which have done so much for the higher 
grade of service in our Colleges and Seminaries.* He 
secured for us, in 1874, our present Treasurer — Ezra 
Munson Kingsley, who seems now so indispensable, 
that we wonder how^ we ever got on without him. 

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The Madison Square Church had been for some 
time in close alliance with the Seminary. In 1873, 
George Lewis Prentiss, then pastor of the Church of 
the Covenant, which had grown out of the old 
Mercer Street Church, was made Professor of Pas- 
toral Theology, Church Polity, and Mission Work ; 
from 1873 to 1874 Dr. Schaff was Professor of 
Hebrew and the Cognate Languages ; in 1874 Dr. 
Shedd was put into the Chair of Systematic The- 
ology, Dr. SchafF taking Dr. Shcdd's place in the 
Chair of Biblical Literature ; in 1875 Charles 
Augustus Briggs, one of our Alumni, was put into 
the Chair of Hebrew and the Cognate Languages ; 
in 1876, Charles Roberts was appointed Instructor in 
Elocution and Vocal Culture ; and in 1879 Francis 
Brown, a recent graduate, was appointed Instructor 
in Biblical Philology. It was almost a reconstruc- 
tion of the whole Faculty. 

In 1875 ^^- Adams procured the means of reno- 
vating our old buildings, and erecting a new one, in 
the expectation of holding on indefinitely to the old 
location. It was Governor Morgan's gill, on the 
twenty-ninth of March, 1880, of $100,000, partly for 
books, and partly for a fire-proof building, which 
suddenly changed all that.* Then our President 
began to look about for another site. Soon after, at 
his summer home on Orange Mountain, in New 
Jersey, looking oft" upon the sea, looking up into the 
sky, on the last day of August, 1880, the throbbing, 
busy pulse stood still. Of fifty years of signal ser- 
vice, the last seven had been the golden autumn of 
his life. 

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Of what has followed, I hesitate to speak. I thank 
the Directors of the Seminary for the confidence they 
had in me. I thank my learned Colleagues for their 
unfailing courtesy and kindness. I thank the Stu- 
dents of the Seminary for their careful observance 
of the scholarly and Christian proprieties of our 
Academic life. And I thank our Alumni, far and 
near, for ail they have written, or have said, to stim- 
ulate my favorite studies, and help me to bear easily 
these official burdens, so large a proportion of which 
I must continue to bear alone. 

The Brown Professorship of Sacred Rhetoric, 
made vacant by the death of Dr. Adams, was given, 
in 1881, to one of our Alumni, the Rev. Thomas 
Samuel Hastings ; in the same year Francis Brown 
was made Associate Professor in the Department of 
Biblical Philology ; and in 1883, Charles Ripley 
Gillett, another Alumnus, was appointed Librarian. 

Great changes have certainly been wrought here 
within the last four years. But only the kindest 
Providence could have brought them to pass. It 
was an inspiration that moved our benefactors to 
purchase this costly site, and rear upon it a group 
of buildings so admirably suited to their purpose. 
Edwin Denison Morgan, the great War Governor of 
New York, settled the question of location for us by 
his second gift of $100,000. It could not reconcile 
us to his death, to know that still another large dona- 
tion, equalling all that he had done before, lay waiting 
for us in his will.* This beautiful Chapel was the 
dying gift of Frederick Marquand, who asked only 

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that it might bear the name it receives to-day. Morris 
K. Jesup gives us the adjoining Hall, whose four 
spacious Lecture Rooms would accommodate much 
larger classes than we now enrol!. Daniel Willis 
James gives us our splendid Dormitory. David 
Hunter McAlpin continues to enrich our Library in 
his special department of British History. From the 
library of Dr. Hatfield, who had served us in other 
ways, several thousand volumes, and several thou- 
sand pamphlets, have been received. We have now 
about four times as many books and pamphlets as 
we had at first. One whom I may not name, has 
endowed the Harkness Chair of Elocution. Charles 
Butler, the Hon. William Earle Dodge, now no 
longer with us, John T. Terry, Heber R. Bishop, 
and another friend of Dr. Hastings not willing to 
be named, have given us $10,000 apiece. Henry G. 
Marquand, Henry Day, Russell Sage, John Crosby 
Brown, and William Earle Dodge, Jr., have given us 
$5,000 apiece. Marcellus Hartley endows a Cadet- 
ship in memory of a darling child. Miss Sarah B. 
Hills endows another Cadetship, which is to bear 
the united names of herself and her departed brother. 
And still another, recently endowed, will be known 
as the Harkness Cadetship. Some smaller subscrip- 
tions, equally welcome, equally attest the interest 
awakened in behalf of our beloved Seminary. From 
the books of the Treasurer I have learned, that 
$439,621.61 were added to our assets during the 
seven years of Dr. Adams' administration ; and that 
since then $767,075.77 more have been added. On 
the last day of October, 1884, our assets amounted 
to $2,044,255,32. 

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And still we are not content. President Eliot, of 
Harvard, has wisely said, that when an institution 
ceases to ask for money, it has ceased to grow. I 
should ask for a Professorship of Biblical Theology, 
at once, but that I happen to know it has already 
been provided for by one of our most intelligent and 
devoted friends.* But I must ask for Cadetships. 
Our modern industrial civilization, dating from the 
inventions and discoveries of the fifteenth century, is 
draining the country, to crowd the towns. Only 
one-fifteenth of the population of mediaival Europe 
was in the larger places. Now three or four fif- 
teenths are there. In America this ratio is even 
greater than in Europe. Coleridge once said there 
is something awful in a crowd. This massing to- 
gether of human beings, full of appetite, full of 
passion, full of want, is perilous. But, thank God, 
special exposure to evil, is likewise, and equally, 
special opportunity for good. We have a Gospel, 
w^hose genius, and whose promise, it is to conquer. 
Only, in the face of new antagonisms, we must have 
new methods. The sort of preaching that suited 
New England and Pennsylvania farmers half a cen- 
tury ago, will not suit the mechanics, tradesmen, and 
Street Arabs of our towns to-day. More and more, 
faster and faster. Christian work at home is becoming 
missionary work. Candidates for the ministry must 
be trained to do this work. And nowhere on this 
continent is there such opportunity for the training, 
as just here on this crowded island of Manhattan. 
Fifty-nine of our students, under the direction of 

*See Nole N. 

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Presbytery, are now engaged in this work ; and I 
must say, are not very lavishly paid for it. If we 
had in hand to-day a hundred Cadetshtps, each 
representing an endowment of $5,000, and each 
yielding an income of $250 a year, we might do 
Christian work here between Harlem River and the 
Battery, which ought to be done, and which can in 
no other way be so economically done. Not that 
all the Cadetships should be thus used. There are 
diversities of gifts, and young men preparing for the 
ministry should not have employment, nor assistance 
of any sort, merely because they need it. Many 
would prefer to have the money they require loaned 
to them. 

Timid friends are worse even than treacherous 
foes. Christianity is not decadent. Only give it 
something to grapple with — some wrong to right, 
some grief to soothe, some sin to conquer, and soon 
we shall see the old power shaking in its auburn 
locks. Sceptical science is the last thing to be 
afraid of. If the science be real science, its enemies 
will be brought to grief. If it be not real science, 
its dead body will soon have to be carried out. Or 
if it be real science misapplied, then let us patiently 
wait a while. Seventy years ago astronomy was 
arrogant, though still astronomy. Fifty years ago 
geology was arrogant, though still geology. To-day 
biology is arrogant. To-morrow we may all of us 
be wiser than we are to-day. We shall have learned, 
perhaps, to leave the mysteries alone. I hardly think 
we shall ever solve the mystery of life. The mys- 
tery of death I am sure will only be solved by 

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This Seminary, which communes with its own 
heart to-day, and asks fresh counsel of God, has 
nothing to fear for itself, or for its Students that are 
worthy of the name. Our traditions are both con- 
servative and progressive. We respect equally the 
past, the present, and the future. Our foundations 
were laid upon the Word of God, devoutly, yet 
very strictly interpreted. Large portions of the Old 
Testament in the original, and the whole of the New 
Testament, have for some time been required in our 
Class Rooms. This has been the minimum, which, 
with few exceptions, we have thought should be 
exacted of all. We would like to make a knowledge 
of Hebrew Grammar a requisite for admission to the 
Seminary. At all events, we shall soon put the 
whole Bible, in its original languages, into our Cur- 
riculum. Already we offer to those who come here 
the entire range of Semitic study, including the 
Assyrian, which we were the first to teach on this side 
of the Atlantic. In short, the Bible is emphatically 
our Book. Whether on our knees in prayer, or at 
our desks in study, we seek to ascertain, if possible, 
just what it teaches, and all it teaches. So confident 
are we of its Divine origin, that instinctively we let 
it have the last word. We have no fear of what 
may happen to it to-day, to-morrow, or the day after. 
The oxen may be expected to shake the cart which 
carries the Ark of God from Kirjath-jearim to its 
final shrine. It is not wise to be disturbed about 
the oxen and the cart. The Ark of God steadies 
itself. Some Uzzah may be smitten, but the Ark is 

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That the design of the Founders of this Institution may be 
fully iinown to all whom it may concern, and be sacrediy regarded 
by the Directors, Professors and Students, it is judged proper to 
make the following preliminary statement: 

§ r. ^ number of Christians, clergymen and laymen in the 
cities of New York and Erookiyn, deeply impressed with the 
claims of the world upon the Church of Christ to furnish a 
competent supply of well-educated and pious ministers of the 
Gospel; impressed also with the inadequacy of all existing means 
for this purpose; and believing that large cities furnish many 
peculiar facilities and advantages for conducting theological 
education ; after several meetings for consultation and prayer : 

Rksolved, unanimously, in humble dependence upon the 
grace of God, to attempt the establishment of a Theological 
Seminary in the City of New York. 

§ 2. This Institution (while it will receive others to the 
advantages it may furnish) is principally designed for such young 
men in the Cities of New York and Brooklyn, as are or may be 
desirous of pursuing a course of Theological Study, and where 
circumstances render it inconvenient for them to go from home 
for this purpose. 

§ 3. It is the design of the Founders to furnish the means of 
a full and thorough education, in all the subjects taught in the 
best Theological Seminaries in the United States, also to embrace 
therewith a thorough knowledge of the Standards of Faith and 
Discipline of the Presbyterian Church. 

§ 4. Being fully persuaded that vital godliness, well proved, a 
thorough education, and a wholesome, practical training in works 

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of benevolence and pastoral labors are all essentially necessary to 
meet the wants and promote the best interests of tlie Kingdom of 
Christ, the Founders of this Seminary design that its students, 
living and acting under pastoral influence, and performing the 
important duties of church members in the several churches to 
which they belong, or with which they worship, in prayer- 
meetings, in the instruction of Sabbath-schools and Bible- classes, 
and being conversant with all the benevolent efforts in this 
important location, shall have the opportunity of adding to solid 
learning and true piety, enlightened experience. 

§ 5- By the foregoing advantages, the Founders hope and 
expect, with the blessing of God, to call forth from these two 
flourishing cities, and to enlist, in the service of Christ and in the 
work of the ministry, genius, talent, enlightened piety and mis- 
sionary zeal; and to .qualify many for the labors and management 
of the various religious institutions, seminaries of learning, and 
enterprises of benevolence, which characterize the present times. 

§ 6. Finally, it is the design of the F'ounders to provide a 
Theological Seminary in the midst of the greatest and most 
growing community in America, around which all men of moder- 
ate views, and feelings, who desire to live free from party strife, 
and to stand aloof from all the extremes of doctrinal speculation, 
practical radicalism, and ecclesiastical domination, may cordially 
and affectionately rally. 

[No(v B.] 

New York, /^</jKmiie/- isi, 1836. 
Ttj THE BOAKD OF Derectors of Thk New York THEy- 


Brethren : — The appointment, with which you saw fit to honor 
me, has been dehberately and prayerfully considered. 

Considerations pertaining to my want of the requisite qualifi- 
cations for the station, and to the important place in the Church 
of Christ that I am now occupying, have thrown a serious and 

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embarrassing obstacle in the way of my acceding to your expressed 
wishes, and have made the search after the path of duty difficult 
and painful, and somewhat more protracted than I could have 
wished. On the other hand, the importance of the station to 
which you have invited me, the desirableness that your infant 
Seminary should be organized to commence its operations the 
present year, the difficulty that exists in obtaining an individual 
in all respects qualified for the place, and the great confidence I 
have in the sound judgment of the Board that have placed this 
subject before me, have operated to deter me from hastily declin- 
ing the appointment, 

fn investigating {what I regard to be) a great question of duty, 
at times the mental effort has been agonizmg By self-examina- 
tion, by prayer, and the exercise of that measure of intelligence 
and discretion which God has conferred upon me, I can say, I 
have diligently sought to ascertain the Divine will , I have also 
taken counsel of many for whose judgment I entertain a high 

The time has come when it is proper that my decision should 
be made. I suppose I need not enter into any further detail of 
the reasons that have influenced my mind in coming to its result, 
and I have only to add in view of the whole case, as it has come 
before me, that / have judged it to be the will of the Lord that I 
should accept the appointment, and, depending upon Dtvtne assistartie, 
promise as faithful a discharge of its duties as Hts gt ate ihall enable 
me to perform. It is with great diffidence that I have come to 
this conclusion, and, as already intimated, with a deep conviction 
of my insufficiency for the arduous and responsible duties of the 
station, and I cannot conclude without earnestly soliciting the 
prayers of every member of your respected Board in my behalf, 
that I may not be wholly unfaithful or unsuccessful in the impor- 
tant work for which I am but too poorly qualified. 

r am, brethren. 

Yours in the bonds of the Gospel, 

[Signed.] HENRY WHITE. 

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New York, January zoih, 1837. 

To THE Board of Directors of The New York Thei)- 

LOCiCAL Seminarv. 

Gentlemen : — Having been for some months in this city for 
the purpose of obtaining information as to the plan and prospects 
of the Seminary under your charge, and having received on every 
hand the most frank and full communications, I am now ready, 
after prayerful and careful consideration, to give an answer to 
the letter of your Committee announcing that you had unani- 
mously elected me to the office of Professor of Biblical Literature 
in the Seminary, 

It has been to me a matter of high gratification to find that 
the Seminary, in its rise and future prospects, rests upon the 
sinews of Christian enterprise and piety in the city of New York ; 
that it is the nursling of the churches in the city, and as such, 
will, if deserving, be borne in their arms, and cherished in their 
warm affections. Thus founded and nurtured, if it be conducted 
in the same spirit, there can be no doubt to a believing mind, that 
God will make it the instrument of great good, and crown it with 
abundant prosperity. The great principles of faith and practice 
on which the Seminary is founded, have my full and cordial 
assent : and it has thus far been, as it will hereafter be, the desire 
and effort of my life to inculcate those principles, and extend 
their influence, so far as God shall give me opportunity. 

In aid of this great object, permit me here to offer a few sug- 
gestions in reference to the department to which you have called 
me, which are chiefly the result of personal experience, and may 
have, perhaps, a bearing upon the future influence and interests 
of the Seminary. 

The Constitution properly requires every Professor to declare 
that he believes " the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments 

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to be the Word of God, the only infallible rule of faith and prac- 
tice." This is placing the Bible in its true position, as the only 
foundation of Christian Theology. It follows as a necessary 
consequence, that the study of the Bible, as taught in the depart- 
ment of Biblical Literature, must lie at the foundation of all right 
Theological education. To understand the Bible, the student 
must know all about the Bible. It is not a mere smattering of 
Greek and Hebrew, not the mere ability to consult a text in the 
original Scriptures, that can qualify him to be a correct inter- 
preter of the word of life. He must be thoroughly furnished for 
his work, if he be expected to do his work well. A bare enumera- 
tion of the particulars that fall within the department of Biblical 
Literature will show that it covers a wider field than is generally 
supposed. To it, properly, belong full courses of instruction in 
the Hebrew, Greek and Chaldee languages, and also as auxiliaries, 
in the Syraic, Arabic, and other minor dialects, in Biblical Intro- 
duction, or the History of the Bible as a whole, and its various 
parts, its writers, its manuscripts, editions, versions, &c., in Bibli- 
cal Criticism, or the history and condition of the text, in Biblical 
Hermeneutics, or the theory and principles of Interpretation, in 
Biblical Exegesis, or the practical application of those principles 
to the study and interpretation of the Sacred books, in Biblical 
Antiquities, and, further, a separate consideration of the version 
of the Seventy, as a chief source of illustration for both the Old 
and New Testaments. 

I do not make this enumeration in order to magnify my own 
department — far from it ; but rather to lead your minds to see 
and inquire, " Who is sufficient for these things ? " Certainly it 
does not lie within the power of any one man, whoever he may 
be, to do justice to all these important topics. But there must be 
in every great undertaking a day of small things, there must be 
months, and even years of weakness, though yet of growth, and 
my object in these remarks will be accomplished, if they serve to 
draw your attention to the importance of the general subject, and 
thus prepare the way for further action, whenever God in his 
Providence shall seem to render it expedient. 

In this connection, permit me to suggest whether it may not 
in due lime be advisable to connect with the Seminary, a popular 

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class for Biblical instruction, intended particularly to prepare 
pious young men as teachers of Bible classes and in Sabbath 

On the general subject of a Library, it is here only proper to 
remark, that a full apparatus of books in every department of 
Theology, is of course indispensable to the prosperity of the 
Institution. In particular, the Library should also contain a 
complete series of the works of the Fathers, so called, in the best 
editions, and with proper apparatus, and also the best editions of 
every Greek and Roman writer, with the necessary aids for their 
elucidation. There is not a page of any Greek writer, which does 
not in some way yield illustration to the sacred text, and the 
same is true also in a modified sense of all the Roman writers. 

Another thing which has often struck me as of great impor- 
tance in connection with an institution of this kind, is the power 
of the press. At the present time there are in this country quite 
a number of theological works, the manuals and text-books of our 
Theological Seminaries, which have been, and can be printed 
only at a single press in the whole land, and that connected with 
a sister Seminary. The influence which that press has thus ex- 
erted, and must still exert, is obvious to all ; and I am aware of 
no external aid more powerful than this, to build up and extend 
both the theological and literary reputation of a Seminary. At 
a comparatively small expense founts of Greek and Oriental type 
may be procured, which can easily be so placed in connection 
with the Institution, or under its control, as to accomplish great 
effects without further expense or hazard to the Seminary. 

There remains a single point which is personal to myself. It 
is known to some of you that I am connected by family ties with 
Europe, and that it has been my purpose to visit that continent 
during the present year. This purpose my duty to my family 
compels me not to forego, while yet my visit thither might be 
rendered available to the Seminary, in the purchase of books for 
the Library, and in the establishment of such correspondence and 
agencies as should greatly facilitate the procurement of them in 
future. At the same time I have for years connected with the 
idea of this voyage, the hope and intention of visiting Palestine, 
with reference to the preparation of a Biblical Geography, a work 

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much needed in our Theological Seminaries. Nor can I doubt 
that such a visit would increase, in a high degree, my feeble quali- 
fications as a Teacher of the Bible. 

With these views and explanations, feeling deeply my own 
weakness and insufficiency, yet in humble reliance on the Divine 
aid, and on the forbearance and sympathy of the friends of the 
Seminary, I am prepared to accept the office to which you have 
invited me, on the single condition expressed below, and am 
ready to enter upon its duties, and aid in the organization of the 
Seminary, so soon as I can make the necessary arrangements in 
behalf of my family. 

The condition is that I have leave of absence from and after 
the close of the present Academic year for a period not exceeding 
one Academic year for the purpose of visiting Europe, it being 
understood that a suitable person shall be employed, at my charge, 
to perform the duties of the department during my absence, and 
that, my time while in Europe shall be at the disposal of the 
Board as far as they may wish to avail themselves of it for any 
objects connected with the Seminary. 

Should you deem it compatible with the interests of the 
Seminary that I take the office under these conditions, I am 
ready to throw myself heart and soul into the work, and exert, to 
the utmost, all the feeble powers which God has given me, trust- 
ing that in cooperation with my respected colleagues, and with 
the blessing of God upon His own work, an Institution may be 
raised up, which, by its happy influences upon the churches of 
this city and of our land, shall repay a hundred fold into the 
bosoms of its Founders, (he cares and exertions and sacrifices 
which they have been called to make in its behalf. 

With sentiments of respectful and grateful consideration, I 
am, yours in Christian bonds, 


HoBled by Google 


R. T. Haines, Esq., President of the Boakd of Dikkctors 

OF The Union Theological Seminary : 

Dear Sir : — 1 accept the appointment to the Professorship of 
Biblical and Ecclesiastical History, with which your Board has 
honored me. 

It has not hitherto been possible for me to return an affirma- 
tive answer to your invitation, but this delay has been constantly 
strengthening my convictions of the course I ought to pursue. 

The importance of the position ought, perhaps, to make me hesi- 
tate still longer, but relying upon the grace of our Lord, I will 
venture to assume its responsibilities, asking for your indulgence 
to my imperfections in a department in which I have never given 

I thank you and other gentlemen of your body for the kindness 
with which you have replied to my suggestions and inquiries, 
especially as to the enlargement of the Library in this depart- 
ment, and as to the permanence and possible increase of the salary. 
Allow me to repeat, that though I can truly " make and subscribe 
the declaration " required of your Professors, yet it seems to me 
on many accounts desirable that the doctrinal instruction in Church 
Polity should be confined to another chair. 

In consequence of the absence of the President of this College, 
and its other exigencies, it will hardly be possible for me to com- 
mence my instructions in your Seminary until about the first week 
in December. 

I do not conceal from myself the difficulties and hazards con- 
nected with entering on this untried position, with its new social 
and ecclesiastical connections. I ask your prayers that the Great 
Head of the Church may grant me such grace, that all my teach- 
ings may be for the glory of His name. May He ever bless with 
all spiritual blessings your School of the prophets. 

In the fellowship of the Gospel, 

Faithfully yours, 
Amherst College, Mass,, HENRY B. SMITH. 

September 30, 1850. 

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To THF. Board of Dikectors of The Union Theological 

Seminarv, New York. 

Dear Brethren and friends : — Through your Recorder, the 
Rev. Dr. McLane, by a letter of the 4th inst., I have received the 
announcement of my election to the Chair of Systematic Theology 
in your institution. 

Deeply sensible of this new proof of your confidence, after 
mature deliberation and counsel, I have concluded to accept this 
new and most responsible trust, relying upon the grace of our 
l-ord to give me strength and wisdom according to my need. 

With every year I am more impressed with the wisdom of the 
platform on which the Seminary was estabhshed, and more willing 
to devote myself entirely to its great interests. 

May the great Head of the Church still smile upon our Insti- 
tution, giving peace and prosperity, and making it the means of 
promoting His glory. 

With the highest regard, 

Yours in the fellowship of the Gospel, 

[Signed-] HENRY B. SMITH. 

Nv,w York, MarirA 11, 1854. 

[Mole F.] 


To THE Rev. Drs. Cox and Adams 

AND Caleb O. Halsted,Esq. 
Gentlemen : — I have determined to accept the place which has 
been offered to me by the Board of Directors of the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary. My Church was informed of my decision 
yesterday, and a congregational meeting is to be held on Thurs- 
day evening next, when, I presume, the way will be fully prepared 

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for the Presbyteriai action which is necessary to my removal. But 
while I anticipate the concurrence of the Church, and an early 
dissolution of the pastoral relation, I suppose it may be my duty 
to continue my present labors with little abatement until my 
people shall have obtained another minister. In this case I shall 
not be able to enter fuUy, at once, on the labors of the Professor- 
ship. It is my desire that my connection with the Seminary 
should begin when my pastoral relation terminates, and I hope if 
the welfare of my people shall require a temporary protraction of 
my care for them, the Seminary will not exact duty from me which 
will prevent my giving it to tliem. 
With the highest regard, 

I am, gentlemen, yours, 

New York, February 14, 1848. 


The Rev. Joseph Steele Gallagherwas born October 25, 1801, 
in New York City. During his school days he had the instruc- 
tion of Mr. Mattaniah Nash, a good mathematician and astrono- 
mer, as well as classical scholar, who favored his more advanced 
pupils with lessons in astronomyand the use of a good telescope. 
In January, r8i8, when only sixteen, the youth received from 
Col. Barclay, the commissioner of Great Britain under the Fifth 
Article of the Treaty of Ghent for fixing the boundary-line be- 
tween Canada and the United States, the place of assistant to the 
British Astronomer, Dr. Tiark. He remained in this service till 
1820, when he was appointed by President Monroe second lieu- 
tenant of artillery in the United States army, and was first sta- 
tioned at Fort Moultrie, Charleston, S. C. In May, 1822, while 
stationed at Saclcett's Harbor, N. Y,, he came under the influence 
of a devoted Christian lady. Shaken in his then sceptical opin- 
ions by a little tract on the inspiration of the Bible, and asking 
her for a fuller treatise upon the subject, she procured for him 

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"Letters to a Young Officer on Christian Education, &c.," by 
Olynthus Gregory, LL.D., Professor of Mathematics in the Royal 
Woolwich Military Academy, an author whose mathematical 
works he had studied, and who, as a mathematician, he felt 
must have solid ground for his convictions. His earnest study 
of this hook convinced him of his obligation to read and obey 
the Word of God as he would do in case of any commands from 
military authority, and he persisted for months in reading the 
Bible with fidelity, but, as he thought, with little spiritual interest, 
though made to feel profoundly that he had no sympathy with 
the mind of God. At last, after a night resolutely spent in con- 
fession and prayer, in which he became deeply distressed by a 
sense of guilt and darkness, Rom. iii. 19-28, fastened on his 
memory by many readings, came vividly to mind and was so clear 
to his apprehension that he seemed suddenly to emerge into full 
light and hope. With characteristic promptness he communi- 
cated his experience the very next day to his fellow- officers, and 
also endeavored to explain to each one of a body of prisoners 
under his charge the way of salvation. He began then to employ 
his Hfe-Iong gift of introducing, with rare felicity, the subject of 
religion in personal intercourse of the most varied character. 
Henceforward, too, he always combined with military duty that 
of a Christian officer to rehgiously instruct and influence his sol- 
diers. In 1823, when in command on Bedloe's Island, New York 
harbor, he established a Bible class in the fort. Mrs. David Cod- 
wise, with whom his long and -intimate friendship then began, 
obtained from the Ladies' Bible Society a gift of one hundred 
Bibles for his use. 

In his subsequent military life, at St. Augustine, Sackett's 
Harbor, Bangor, and elsewhere, his christian efforts were unre- 
mitting. He ordinarily held two religious services on Sunday, 
with prayer- meetings in the week, and also organized societies for 
promoting temperance. 

Being convinced of the value of established religious instruc- 
tion for soldiers and wishing due sanction for his own procedure, 
he early communicated his views to Mr. Calhoun, then Secretary 
of War, in a personal interview in 1824, and received his " cordial 
approval of judicious efforts for the moral and religious improve- 

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ment of the army." His friend, Major-Gen. E, P. Gaines, also gave 
him his hearty sympathy and support. Lieut. Gallagher was pro- 
moted in 1831 to the captaincy of a company at Fort Gratiot, at 
the outlet of Lake Huron, and, after considerable arduous duty 
at that frontier, was ordered, with his command, to active service 
against the Sacs and Fox Indians led by Black Hawk. During 
that campaign he was on the staff of Gen. Scott, and had much 
personal intercourse with him. As a testimony to Gen. Scott's 
humane and christian principles, he relates that the General laid 
before him, in private, the terms of a treaty he was about conclud- 
ing with the Indians, asking his judgment especially on the moral 
aspects of the provisions, and saying : " I am desirous of making 
a treaty with these conquered tribes that an American may hear 
recited in London or Paris without a blush." Capt. Gallagher 
was promoted to the Adjutancy of his regiment in 1833, served as 
such till 1835, when he resigned his commission in order to enter 
the ministry. He received from Gen. Scott a letter expressing 
earnest regret at his decision to leave the army, but acceptinjr it, 
offering the provision that it take effect after a year's furlough in 
consideration of his long and faithful service with very slight 
indulgence of that kind. 

Mr. Gallagher had for some time carried on special theological 
studies as his duties allowed, especially improving the period of 
his command at Bangor, Me., to study Hebrew with Prof. Talcott 
of the Theological Seminary there. After further studies at Ando- 
ver and Princeton Theological Seminaries, in October, 1837, he 
became the pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, in Orange, 
N. J., and labored there with characteristic assiduity and marked 
success till in 1850, in seriously impaired health, he resigned his 
charge and took a season of rest and travel. In March, 1852, he 
was elected by the Directors of the Union Theological Seminary 
special agent to obtain an adequate endowment. In March, 1853, 
he had secured subscriptions to the amount of $103,000, and in a 
second effort, ending in 1859, arduous and long continued (for 
the era of large single gifts had not then arrived), he raised the 
endowment to $230,000. He acted for some years as general 
agent of the Seminary, until in 1863, on the death of the Treas- 
urer, Anthony P. Halsey, Esq., he was elected Director and 

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Treasurer, with the additional title of General Secretary. These 
positions he held till May lo, 1874, when, by serious failure of 
health he felt constrained to resign them all. After a long period 
of declining health he died in Bloomfield, N, J., April 13, 1879. 

[Mote H.] 

1838. Samuel Robbins Brown China and Japan (iBs^-ej, 67.) 

1843. Henry Martyn Scudder India (1844-63). 

" Eliphalet Whittlesey Sandwich Islands (1844-54). 

1845. William Ware Howland Ceylon. 

1846. EuROTAS Parmelee Hastings Ceylon. 

" William Lyman Richards China. 

1 847. George Bowen ■ India. 

" Joseph Gallup Cochran Persia. 

" Seneca Cummings China. 

" Samuel Goodrich Dwioht Sandwich Islands. 

" JosiiUA Edwards Ford Syria. 

" Henry Kinney Sandwich Islands. 

" Samuel Dexter Marsh South Africa. 

" Cyrus Taggart Mills. .. .China and Sandwich Islands. 

" HoHANNES der Sahagyan Pastor in Turkey. 

" TowNSEND Elijah Taylor Sandwich Islands, 

" William Wood India. 

1848. Andrew Abraham South Africa. 

" Jacob Best West Africa. 

" Oliver Crane Syria and Turkey. 

" Edward Mills Dodd Turkey and Asia Minor. 

" John Welch Dulles India. 

" Justin Wright Parsons Turkey and Asia Minor. 

1849- George Whitefield Coan Persia. 

" George Washington Dunmore Syria and Turkey. 

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i849- DwicHT Whcinev Maksh Turkey. 

1850. William Woodbrioge Eddy Syria. 

" Homer Bartlett Morgan, Asia Minor, Turkey and Syria. 

" Epaminondas James Pierce West Africa. 

" Samuel Audlev Rhea Persia. 

" Seth Bradlev Stone South Africa, 

1851. William Pratt Barker India. 

" Eli Corwin S. S. and Pastor, Sandwich Islands. 

" Andrew Tully Pratt Syria. 

" Joseph Walworth Sutphen Turkey. 

1852. Jasper Newton Ball Syria and Turkey. 

" Edward Toppin Doane Micronesia and Japan. 

1853. Elias Levi Boinc Choctaw Indians. 

" Edwin Goodell Smyrna. 

" Charles Finney Martin -. .Egypt. 

1854. Albert Graham Beebee Turkey. 

" Varnom Daniel Collins Brazil. 

" Jerre Lorenzo Lyons Syria. 

" Saneord Richardson Armenia. 

" Jacob William Marcussohn Turkey. 

" Charles Casey Starbuck West Indies. 

1855. Henrv Harris Jessup Syria, 

" Tillman Conkling Trowbridge Turkey. 

" Allen Wright (Choctaw Indians. 

1856. Jackson Green Coffing Syria. 

" Charles Harding India. 

" Charles McEwEN Hyde Sandwich Islands. 

" Michael D. Kalopothakes Greece, 

" George Hills White Mesopotamia, 

1857. Theodore Luin Bvington Turkey. 

" Edward W. Chester India, 

" Chauncy Lucas Loomis West Africa. 

" James Quick Ceylon. 

1858. Joseph KrNGSBUEY Green Turkey. 

1859. Thomas Lyeord Ambrose .Persia, 

" Edwin Cone Bissell Honolulu, Sandwich Islands. 

" Walter Halsey Clark West Africa. 

" Henrv NitChie Cobb Persia, 

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1859- Thornton Bigelow Penfield India. 

" Amherst Lord Thompson Persia. 

" Charles Finney Winship West Africa. 

" Simeon Foster Woodin China. 

i860, Henrv Watkjns Ballantine India. 

" Philip Berry Syria, 

" Henry Martyn Bridgman South Africa. 

" Lvsander Tower Bureank Assyria, 

" David Stuart Dodge Professor in Syria. 

1861. Lyman Dwight Chapin China. 

" Samuel Jessup Syria. 

" Moses Payson Parmelee Armenia. 

" George Edward Post Syria. 

1862. James McKinney Alexander Sandwich Islands. 

" George Whitehill Chamberlain Brazil. 

" John Thomas Gulick North China. 

1863. George Lacon Leyburn Greece. 

" Theodore Strong Pond East Turkey, 

1864. Samuel Russell Baker Labrador. 

" Walter Harris Giles Turkey. 

" Chauncey Goodrich China. 

1865. Thomas Gairdner Thurston .. Pastor Sandwich Islands. 

1866. Edwin Augustus Adams Bohemia. 

" Samuel Swain Mitchell Syria. 

1867. Alpheus Newell Andrus East Turkey. 

" Lewis Bond, Jr Turkey. 

" William Edwin Locke. West Turkey. 

" Charles Chapin Tracy - Turkey. 

1868. Albert Warren Clark Austria. 

" Thomas Lafon Gulick Spain. 

" Frank Thompson Sandwich Islands. 

1869. Robert Hoskins India. 

" Merrill Nathaniel Hutchinson Mexico 

" Edward Riggs Turkey. 

1870. Edward Gibes Bickford Turkey. 

" Peter Zaccheus Easton Persia. 

" Arthur Hf.nderson Smith China. 

1871. GusTAvus Albertus Alfxy. Spain. 

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1 87 1. Oscar Joshua Hardin Syria. 

" John Henrv House Turkey, 

" Edwin Rufus Lewis Syria- 

" Frank Alphonso Wood Syria, 

1872. Marcellus Bowen Turkey. 

" Leander William Pilchef China. 

1873. Isaac Baird Odanah, Wis. 

" John Gillis Indian Territory. 

" Samuel Whittlesey Howland Ceylon. 

" Myron Winslow Hunt China, 

1874. Thomas McCullock Chrystie West Indies, 

" Charles Lemon Hall Dakota. 

" Charles Leaman China. 

1875. David Staver Syria. 

" Charles Cummings Stearns Turkey. 

1876. George Larkin Clark 

" George Alfred Ford Syria, 

" Samuel Lawrence Ward Persia. 

1877. Thomas Theron Alexander Japan, 

" William Scott Ament North China. 

" James Edward Tracy India. 

" Thomas Clay Winn Japan. 

1878. Charles William Calhoun Syria. 

" Joseph Clark Thomson China. 

1879. Justin Edwards Abbot India. 

" William Nesbitt Chambers East Turkey. 

" Hiram Hamilton Mexico, 

" Junius Herbert Judson China. 

" Isaac Heyer Polhemus Mexico. 

1880. William Martin Brown Brazil 

" Albert Andrew Fulton China. 

" James Woods Hawkes Persia. 

" John Sa villi an Ladd Bulgaria. 

" RoLLO Ogden Mexico. 

" Willie Herbert Shaw North China. 

" Wellington Jervis White China. 

1881. AuTHUR WoTiEHouSE Marlino West Africa. 

" RoiiKRr Thomson Roiimelia. 

,y Google 

. Charles David McLaren Siam. 

Willi AM Carter Merritt Sandwich Islands. 

Frank Vandermater Mills China. 

Gilbert Reid China. 

James Elcana Rogers Persia. 

. Charles Abbot Dwight Turkey. 

James Francis Garvin Chili. 


-F;Vj/.— That the Rev. Wm. Adams, D.D., LL.D., of this city, 
be appointed Professor of Sacred Rhetoric. 

Secfnd.— That by the marked liberality of Mr. James Brown, 
of this city, the sum of forty thousand dollars has been contrib- 
uted to complete the Endowment of the Chair of Sacred Rhetoric, 
and that three other gentlemen of this city, two of them members 
of this Board, have guaranteed a sum equal to seventeen hundred 
dollars per annum, during the life-service of the Rev. Dr. Adams, 
should he become the incumbent of the Chair, thus providing the 
full amount required for the salary of the professor. 

Third. — That in consideration of these provisions, and in 
order to comply with the wishes of Mr. Brown in the case, they 
recommend that, if practicable, an arrangement be made for the 
transfer of the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars, formerly con- 
tributed by Messrs. James Brown and John A. Brown for the 
endowment of the Chair of Hebrew, to the Chair of Sacred Rhet- 
oric, and that the latter be henceforth denominated " The Brown 
Professorship of Sacred Rhetoric," and in a like manner for the 
transfer of the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars, formerly con- 
tributed by Mr. James Boorman, deceased, for the endowment of 
the Chair of Sacred Rhetoric, to the Chair of Hebrew, and that 
the latter be henceforth denominated " The Davenport Professor- 
ship of Hebrew," it being understood that in case these arrange- 
ments be made, the sum guaranteed as aforesaid, amounting to 

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seventeen hundred dollars per annum shall with the consent of 
the donors, and on the condition by them prescribed, avail for the 
said Professorship of Hebrew (and with the understanding that 
the representatives of the late Mr. Boorman make no objections 
to the proposed arrangements). 

Fourth,— 'i\i3X they further recommend that the Rev. Dr. 
Adams, in accordance with the provisions of Article 2, Section 1, 
be appointed President. 

The Fifth By-Law was unanimously suspended, and the Rev. 
William Adams, D.D., LL.D., was, by an affirmative vote of fif- 
teen, all the members present, chosen Professor of Sacred Rhet- 
oric, and by the same vote he was also appointed President as 
provided for in Article 2, Section i of the Constitution. 


No. 8 East Z4th Street, Madison Square, 1 

New York, November iz, 1S73. ) 

To THE Eo.^Ri) (IF Directors of the Union Theological 


Dear Brethren : — Thanking you for the expression of your 
high regard and confidence in electing me to the several offices of 
Professor of Sacred Rhetoric, and President of the Seminary under 
your care, I hereby signify my acceptance of the same. 

It is my purpose to enter upon the active duties of my posi- 
tion so soon as I can consummate matters now pending, affecting 
my pastoral relations to the Presbyterian Church on Madison 
Square. Without attempting to express all I feel in sundering 
my connection, long continued, with a most confiding and beloved 
church, and without enlarging on the reasons which have induced 
me, under your appointment, now to connect myself more inti- 
mately with our Institution, of which I was one of the original 
projectors ; I can only assure you of my intentions to do all in my 
power for its prosperity, confident that I shall have your 
and cordial cooperation. 

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Praying that we may all enjoy the blessing and help of Divine 
Providence in this our common trust, I remain with sentiments of 
christian regard, 

Yours very truly, 


[Note M.] 

Mr. James Brown was of Scotch-Irish descent. He was born 
at Ballymena, Antrim County, Ireland, February 4, 1791, and 
died in New York City, November i, 1877. In 1800, two years 
after the great Irish rebellion of 1798, his father, Alexander Brown, 
came to this country, bringing with him his eldest son, afterwards 
Sir William Brown, and settled in Baltimore, Maryland. The 
three younger sons, George, John A, and James were left at school 
in England, but after a while followed their father across the At- 
lantic. In i8ri the firm of Alexander Brown and Sons was 
established in Baltimore. In 1815 James joined his brother 
William, who, in iSio, had established a branch of the house in 
Liverpool, England. In 1818 James returned to be partner with 
his brother in the firm of John A. Brown & Co., of Philadelphia. 
In 1825 be came to New York, and, in 1826, established the firm 
of Brown Brothers & Co. In 1838 John A, Brown retired from 
business, leaving James at the head of the house in this country. 
For many years the name of the firm has been a synonym for 
sagacity, success, integrity, and public spirit. 

Mr. James Brown was twice married. His first wife was 
Louisa Kirkland Benedict, daughter of the Rev. Joel Benedict, of 
Plainfield, Ct. She died in 1829. One of her daughters, Sarah 
Benedict, married Mr. Alexander 'Brown ; another, Louisa, mar- 
ried Mr. Howard Potter ; and a third, Margaretta, married Mr. 
James Couper Lord. In 1831 Mr, Brown was married to Eliza 
Coe, daughter of the Rev. Dr. James Coe, of Troy, N, Y. She 
has survived her husband, together with two sons, Mr. George 
Hunter Brown, and Mr. John Crosby Brown. The latter became 
one of the Directors of the Union Theological Seminary in 1866, 
and, in 1882, was chosen Vice-President of the Board, in place of 
the Hon. William Earle Dodge, who died that year. 

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Alexander Brown's four sons all lived to a great age. When 
they died, Sir William was eighty years old ; George, seventy-two ; 
John A., eighty-three ; and James, nearly eighty-seven. 

Mr. James Brown was a man of rare qualities, in most symmet- 
rical combination. With a judgment seldom at fault, strong of 
will, tender in his domestic relations, profoundly religious, no act 
of his life was ever challenged, and absolutely no shadow darkens 
his memory. In the year 1854 a terrible affliction befell him. A 
son, two daughters, a daughter-in-law, and two grand- children, 
with two nurses, passengers on board the steamer Arctic, return- 
ing from Europe, perished by shipwreck. This, with other sor- 
rows, before and after, greatly enriched his religious life. The 
letters that follow, written with no idea they would ever be pub- 
lished, give us some insight into the delicacy and nobleness of 
his character. 

38 East Thirty-seventh Street, . 

New York. /ti»e 4. 1873. J 
Dkak Joh.n: 

We received the telegram announcing your safe arrLval at San Francisco on 
Sunday morning about nine o'clock from Dr. Adams ; and George and the party 
on the railroad excursion got safely home on Saturday evening. So that we had 
grateful hearts about the safety of our children. Nothing specially new here, 
all about as usual, except that on Monday I had a call from Mr. Norman White, 
communicating the most gratifying intelligence that the way is now open for 
Dr. Adams to become President of the New York Theological Seminary, if the 
endowment of the Chair he is to occupy is made up to 850,000, $20,000 being 
in hand. As usual when I am overjoyed, I became so nervous with the usual 
frog in my throat, it was some time before I could utter a word, to say that I 
would be most happy to make it up, and more if necessary. I don't know what 
he thought of me. He called early the next morning. Then I could speak, 
and I reassured him the Chair would be endowed, and as the gentlemen Trus- 
tees would soon be separating for the summer, there was no time to lose in 
calling them together. Mr. While saw the Doctor on Sunday morning, but he 
wished nothing said about it until he could see some of his congregation, that 
they might not be surprised, since it was their right first to hear his views and 
reasons from himself. I have not seen Mr. White since, nor your father, but 
pi;esume the business is progressing. 


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38 East Thirty -seventh Street, i 

New York, June q, 1873. f 
My Dear Dk. Atiams : 

1 thank you for the perusal of John's letter. We have all regretted that 
circumstances prevented yon from taking the Chair in the Union Theological 
Seminary vacated by the death of Dr. Skinner. John told me the very delicate 
position you were then in, which decided your course. That being now removed, 
the only difficulty now in the way is a sufficient endowment of the Chair, and 
resigning your pastorale over the congregation where you are so much beloved. 
As John says, your influence for good in training young men for the ministry 
will last long after you are removed. As to the endovnnent of the Chair, our 
common friend, Mr. Norman White, has assured you that it is secured, and 
before John left on his present excursion I had some conversation about a gift 
to the Seminary, the income to be applied only to the payment of Professors' 
and Teachers' salaries. As it is some three or four years since my will was 
drawn, it needs some changes, and it is my purpose to appropriate $300,000 for 
that object, which will include the endowment of the Chair which I sincerely 
hope you will make up your mind to occupy. [No alteration was made in his 
will, as he finally determined to be his own executor, and 10 give the money at 
once. J. C. B.] This is known only to Mr. and Mrs. Brown, and must remain 
with yourself till John comes home. If the increase of salaries to Professors 
will have any influence upon you in making up your mind on the point in ques- 
tion I shall be delighted. Mrs. Brown tells me you have been here to see me 
twice. I am very sorry I was not in. T have long felt that the salaries of the 
Professors are quite teo small, and hence the views 1 take on that subject. 
Vours truly, 


38 East Thirty-seventh Street, 1 

Nbw York, Thursday, Ju», 19, 1873. f 
My Deak Sih: 

We have received and read with much interest Mary's charming letter giving 
such good account of themselves and of their journey. Mrs. Brown wrote to 
them at San Francisco. As John will soon be home now we can talk over with 
him what we so much desire — your change of occupation, and we trust with 
increased usefulness. I wish that some other friend of the Seminary would 
leave it some $200,000 or $300,000, to supplement the board or other expenses 
of the students who are worthy and need it during the course of study ; which I 
believe would obviate the expense of supporting them at the Seminary. Their 
Ixiarding in good families would be a better training for the ministry than living- 
in the Seminary ; and this, it adopted, would save a large amount in building. 
When we called yesterday we were very glad to see Mrs. Adams so well. What 
a comfort your elevator is. Without it she could not have got down to see us. 
Yours truly. 

To the Kev. William Adams, D.D. 


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3i East 'I'hirty-stventh Street, i 

New York, ^(«i-Hi/ 23, 1873. i 
Mv Deak Sir: 

I return herewith Mr. Morgan's letter, and cannot 
are otherwise engaged though in a good cause. I 
least discouraged, and feel that the object we have in 
for want of means. 

but regret that his means 
am not, however, in the 
view will not be delayed 



1877. Francis Brown : Associate Professor in the Department 

of Biblical Philology, Union Theological Seminary, New 

1878. Samuf.i, Franklin Emi;rson : Professor of Greek and 

Modern Languages, University of Vermont, Burling- 
ton, Vt. 

1879. Edward Lewis Curtis: Associate Professor of tlld 

Testament Literature and Exegesis, Seminary of the 
Northwest, Chicago, 111. 

1880. Charles Ripley Gillett ; Librarian Union Theological 

Seminary, New York. 

1881. Frank Edward Woodki!1''f: Associate Professor of 

Sacred Literature, Andover Theological Seminary, And- 
over. Mass, 

1882. Harry Norman Gardiner : Instructor in Mental Sci- 

ence, Smith College, Northampton, Mass. 

1883. George Holley Gilbert : Student at Leipzig, GernaLiny. 

1884. Edward Caldwell Moore: Student at Ciiessen, and 

Gottingen, Germany, 

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New York, March 29, 1880. 
T(i THE Rev. Wm. Ahams, D.D., LL.D., President of the 

Faculty, and to the Directors of the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary in the Citv of New York. 

Gentlemen ; — I desire to show my appreciation of the useful- 
ness of the Union Theological Seminary, and to aid it in the great 
work that it is now doing for the country. 

I therefore forward herewith, one hundred thousand dollars of 
seven per cent. (7%) railroad bonds, as follows : 

Fifty (50) first mortgage seven per cent, bonds of the Texas 
and New Orleans Railroad Company of 1874, dated August ist 
1865, payable August i, 1905, of $1,000 each, numbers 1,301- 
1,350 inclusive, also 

Fifty seven per cent, bonds of the Wabash Railroad Company 
dated May 7, 1879, payable April i, 1909; of one thousand dol- 
lars each, numbers 1,201-1,250 both inclusive. 

I desire this fund to be held upon the following trusts for 
following purposes : 

First. — The principal shall be held perpetually as a fund dis- 
tinct from all other funds of the Seminary. 

Second. — The income of this fund shall be applied to the im- 
provement, increase and support of the Library of the Union 
Theological Seminary. 

Third. — When the Seminary shall be permanently located, so 
much of this fund as may be necessary shall be expended in the 
erection of a new Library Building. It is my earnest desire that 
there should be no unnecessary delay in beginning this new build- 
ing, and I trust that in no case this delay may exceed the limit of 
three years. Meantime, during this interval of three years, the 
Directors of the Seminary, after using so much of the fund as 
may be necessary for the support and enlargement of the Library, 
are permitted to use the remainder of said income in such manner 
as, in their judgment, shall best subserve the general purposes of 
the Seminary. 

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In case the Directors of the Seminary, for any reason nqt now 
apparent, shall desire to have extended the term of three years 
last named, in which to use any of the income of this fund for 
the general purposes of the Seminary, the said term of three years 
can be extended, provided my consent or the consent of my 
executors shall be obtained. 

I have the honor to be with the highest esteem, 
Very truly your friend, 


[Notv M.] 

The name of Governor Morgan has gone into the history of 
the American people. The first ancestor of the family on this 
side of the Atlantic was James Morgan, who came from Wales to 
Boston in 1636, and, in 1650, moved to Pequot, now New London, 
Connecticut. Edward Denison Morgan was born, February 8, 
i8ir, in the little hamlet of Washington, in Massachusetts, among 
the Berkshire Hills. His life as a merchant began with a clerk- 
ship in Hartford, Ct., in 1828. In 1836 he moved to New York 
City, and soon became conspicuous as a sagacious, energetic, and 
successful man of business. His ventures were l>old, and almost 
always profitable. A large fortune rewarded his earnest and 
versatile activity. 

In public life, he served an apprenticeship as State Senator of 
New York from 1849 to 1853. From 1859 to 1863 he was Gov- 
ernor of the State. His administration was marked by great 
economy and thrift. He made frequent use of the veto-power in 
correcting abuses. When our Civil War broke out, he came at 
once to the front. About 220,000 men were raised, equipped, 
and sent by him into the field. From r863 to 1869 he represented 
New York, with great dignity, in the Senate of the United States. 
Twice he refused the Secretaryship of the Treasury, first offered 
him by President Lincoln, and, afterwards, by President Arthur. 
He would himself have made an excellent President of the United 
States. His death occurred February 14, 1883. 

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His religious nharacter was of the most sincere and solid type. 
Towards the end of his busy life he waked up to the great privi- 
lege of Christian beneficence, keenly regretting that he had lost 
so much time, and so many opportunities of service. His princi- 
pal gifts were well-considered. A splendid dormitory at WiHiams- 
town, in Massachusetts, will be his abiding monument among the 
Berkshire Hills. The Union Theological Seminary has special 
reason to cherish his memory. He took pains to inform himself 
in regard to its origin, history, condition, and opportunities. His 
good opinion of it was one of the highest compliments it ever 
received. First he gave $100,000 for the Library, and then 
$100,000 to plant the Seminary in its present eligible position. 
In his will he left us another $200,000, besides giving us a place 
among the residuary legatees. 

[Note W.] 

Six Pi'ofessorshipi have been etidowed, as follows : 

I. The RoosKVELT Professorshsp op Systematic Theol- 
ocv, was endowed in 1851, under the will of Mr. James Roose- 
velt, with §25,000, which in 1874 had become $34,000, to which 
Mr. James Brown in that year added $46,000, making the whole 
endowment $80,000, 

II. The Davenport Professorship (originally of Sacred 
Rhetoric, but since 1873) of Herrew and the Cognate Lan- 
guages, was endowed in 1853 by Mr. James Boorman (who died 
in 1866) with $25,000, to which Mr. Brown added $55,000, mak- 
ing the whole endowment $80,000. 

III. The Washburn Professorship of Church Historv, 
was endowed in 1855 by Mrs. Jacob Bell (who died in 1878) with 
$25,000, to which Mr. Brown added $55,000, making the whole 
endowment $80,000. 

IV. The Baldwin Professorship of Sacred Literature, 
was endowed in 1865 by Mr. John Center Baldwin (who died in 
1870) with $25,000, which was afterwards increased to $65,000, to 
which Mr. Brown added $15,000, making the whole endowment 

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V. The Brown Professorship (originally of Hebrew and the 
Cognate Languages, but since 1873) of Sacred Rhetoric, was 
endowed in 1865, by Mr. John A. Brown, of Philadelphia (who 
died in 1872), and his brother, Mr. James Brown, of New York, 
with $25,000, to which in 1874 Mr, James Brown added $55,000, 
making the whole endowment S8o,ooo. 

VI. The Skinner and McAlptn Professorship of Pastor- 
al Theology, Church Polity, and Mission Work, was en- 
dowed in 1872, by Mr. David Hunter McAlpin, and a few other 
friends of Dr. Skinner and Dr. Prentiss, with *So,ooo, to which 
Mr. Brown added !?3o,ooo, making the whole endowment $80,000. 

In 1880 a fund of Sro,ooo was raised for Elocution, to which, 
in 1883, -S4o,ooo was added, and the Chair was called "The 
Harkness Chair of Elocution and Vocal Culture." The name of 
the principal donor is withheld. 

Three Lectureships have been endoiced, as follows : 

I. The Ely Lectureship on " The Evidences of Christian- 
ity," was endowed May 8, 1865, by Mr. Zebulon Styles Ely, with 
§10,000, in memory of his brother, the Rev. Elias P. Ely. 

II. The Morse Lectureship on "The Relations of the 
Bible to the Sciences," was endowed May 20, 1865, by Professor 
Samuel Finley Breese Morse (who died in 1872) with -'!>io,ooo, in 
memory of his father, the Rev. Jedediah Morse, D.D. 

in. The WiLLARD Parker Lkciurkship on " Health," was 
endowed in 1873, by Dr. Willard Parker (who died in 1884) with 

Two Fellowships have also been endowed, as Jollo^m : 

I. The Philadelphia was endowed in 1876, 
with $10,000. 

II. The Francis P. Schoals Fellowship was endowed in 
1S77, by Francis Peoples Schoals (who died in 18H4) with 

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The exercises of the afternoon were conducted by the President 
of the Board of Directors, Charles Butler, LL.D., supported 
on the right by President Hitchcock of the Faculty, and on the 
left by Mr. John Crosby Brown, Vice-President of the Board. 


The Rev. Professor Joseph Henr* Thayer, D.D., was in- 
troduced as the representative of Harvard University, the oldest of 
our American Collegiate Institutions, and spoke substantially as 

"You are quite right, Mr. President. Harvard is, indeed, 'the 
mother of us all.' The relation of this, our oldest College, to 
theological education in the land is clear and unquestionable. One 
of the chief aims of its Founders was to secure a succession of 
godly ministers. In the explicit language of the contemporary 
account transmitted to their friends in the old country we are told, 
'After the Lord had carried us safely to New England, and we 
had builded our houses, provided necessaries for tivehhood, reared 
convenient places for God's worship, and settled the civil govern- 
ment, one of the next things we longed for and looked after was 
to advance learning and perpetuate it to posterity, dreading to leave 
an illiterate ministry to the churches when our present mimstry should 
lie in dust.' There have been those in recent times who would 
secularize Harvard University. And more than once has it been 
suggested that the Divinity School, which, in the growth of the 
sciences, has fallen under the administration of its distinct Faculty, 

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like the departments of law and medicine, should be detached 
from the University, as though it were an excrescence. But those 
who speak of theology as though it were a foreign growth at 
Cambridge, and clamor for the divorce there of science and reli- 
gion, remind one of a story told of a certain witty and weli-known 
Professor in our Medical School. According to the anecdote— 
for the authenticity of which, by the way, I cannot vouch ; but 
se non i vera, i ben trorato — to a certain lugubrious hypocondriac, 
who asked him if his disease were curable, he replied hilariously, 
'most certainly ;' but put another face upon the matter (and the 
inquirer) by adding, ' only the treatment ought to have begun two 
centuries ago.' The claim that divinity has no legitimate place 
at Harvard University is a little tardy. It ought to have been 
put in two centuries and a half ago. For, if there be any fact 
respecting the intent of its Founders which is irrefragable, it is 
that they designed their ' Seminary ' (as they often call it) to be a 
place of theological instruction. The attempt to tear away the 
' science of sciences ' from the list of studies of an institution, 
nearly half of the first five hundred of whose graduates are said 
to have entered the Christian ministry, is to try to draw the very 
warp out of the web of history. 

"Appropriately, therefore, has Harvard University been invited 
to participate in your rejoicings to-day. And how would its 
Founders have exulted to see such a day as this : — men who had 
been less than a decade in the land, who had reclaimed as yet 
from the wilderness a tract estimated as extending along the shore 
scarcely above thirty miles, and into the interior but six or seven 
at the most, men who at a time when the entire aduh population 
of the settlement could probably have been reckoned in hundreds, 
assessed themselves for the endowment of their projected Univer- 
sity a sum equal to the entire tax of the colony for a year, men 
who in their penury make grateful acknowledgement of such gifts 
as * a pewter flagon,' ' a small trencher salt,' ' one silver sugar 
spoon,' ' a roll of cotton cloth with nine shillings '; men, of whose 
undertaking. President Dwight, who is not addicted to extravagant 
language, has said : ' It is questionable whether a more honorable 
specimen of public spirit can be found in the history of mankind,' — 
how would these palatial buildings and your princely endowment 

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consecrated to the special work of training preachers of the Gospel 
fill them with jubilation ! 

" And it is in thorough consonance, Mr. President, with the 
generous spirit which animated the discourse to which we listened 
this morning, to call attention to the fact that in the work of the 
Founders of Harvard, we have an example of m education at the 
same time thoroughly religious and thoroiightj unsectarian. It 
would be hard to find more explicit recognition of the Protestant 
and Biblical principle that every individual should be free to in- 
terpret Scripture, and formulate his faith for himself, than some 
of these men have left us. There is abundant evidence that 
they heeded the memorable advice given them by their pastor, 
John Robinson, to expect more truth and light to break forth from 
God's word, and not to be like the Lutherans and the Calvinists 
who were come to a period in religion and stick where their leaders 
left them. 

" It is perhaps known to you that some of the present Profes- 
sorships in Divinity received their distinct endowment in the last 
century. The HoUis Professorship, for example, was founded 
about 1725 by Thomas Hollis, a retired merchant of London, 
whose heart, we are told, was won by the free Catholic spirit in 
religion which characterized our new-world University. The 
only articles of faith which the Professor on his foundation is 
required to subscribe, is a statement of his belief that the Scrip- 
tures of the Old. and New Testaments furnish the only perfect 
rule of faith and manners. One additional restriction, indeed, 
the Founder did insert. He was a Baptist ; and he stipulated 
that adherence to Baptist principles should never debar either 
Professor or Student from the benefits of his foundation. I am 
happy to add that his Chair is filled to-day by a Baptist clergyman 
in ' good and regular standing.' Equally free from denominational 
trammels is the Hancock Professorship of Hebrew, established 
just after the middle of the same century. Its incumbent is re- 
quired merely to be ' a Protestant and a reformed Christian ' — 
whatever that last description might be held to mean in these 

" It is true that during the first half of the present century, a 
particular denomination held dominant influence in the College ;' 

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but to their credit be it stated, that upon none of the funds with 
which they enriched its theological endowments did they impose 
restrictions at variance with the Cathohc spirit which had shaped 
its statutes from the first. And no man could desire a more cor- 
dial welcome than they have given to an Orthodox Congregation- 
alist succeeding to the post of instruction, which has been held 
by such men as Norton and Palfrey and Noyes and Abbot. 
Moreover, could you have the privilege of intercourse with the 
present representatives of that denomination in our Theological 
Faculty, they would win, I am sure, your cordial Christian affec- 
tion. Such clusters of Eshcol do not grow on a bramble-bush. 
In their name, Mr. President, and my own, it affords me pleasure 
to give your outstretched hand of fellowship a warm fraternal 

" You have provoked us to love ; you have provoked us also 
to good works. In erecting this splendid structure for theological 
uses, you and your generous donors have been doing a permanent 
benefit to the community. It stands on the high places of the 
city as aconspicuous memento of things invisible. It will suggest 
wholesome reflections to the young man, as he passes along the 
street, who has been over -forward to believe that religion has out- 
hved its usefulness — ^for it looks as though it had come here to 
stay. It will be full of stimulus to every Professor and Student 
frequenting it. The genius of the spot will be educating and 
elevating. The very breadth and massiveness of the structure, 
its solidity and completeness and chaste embellishment, are a per-' 
petual rebuke to all easy-going, hasty, slipshod scholarship, whether 
in teacher or pupil. There is no danger, I believe, that amid the 
affluence of its appointments the truth will be forgotten to which 
the lamented Garfield gave such pointed expression. You remem- 
ber the story. Once when on being asked where he was graduated, 
he had answered, 'at Williams;' his inquirer responded 'Williams ! 
let's see, that's a little one horse affair up in Berkshire, isn't it ?' 
To which Garfield answered, ' My friend, let me tell you that a 
plank with Mark Hopkins at one end of it, and me at the other, 
is what I call a College.' If such is the educating power of con- 
secrated Christian manhood under opposing circumstances, what 
may it not be expected to achieve with the help and incentives 
here enjoyed. 

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" But you have benefited not the public and yourselves merely^ 
but the rest of us — as I have intimated. If one member rejoice, 
all the others rejoice with it. The stimulus of your persistency 
and enterprise will act upon other institutions of sacred learning 
throughout the land. It will move their friends to emulate the 
example you have so worthily set. It will quicken their faith, a 
faith which will show itself in good works. It is with a dim stir- 
ring of hope, therefore, as welt as with sympathetic joy, that I 
tender you, on behalf of the Faculty of Harvard, hearty felicita- 
tions, and bid you God-speed." 


The next speaker mfs ihe /?ev. ] ames McCosh, D.D., LL.D., 
President of Princeton College. Speaking viithout notes, his remarks ' 
can be reported only in very brief outline. 

" He entered an emphatic protest against the new departure 
in college, teaching, the proposal to place Greek, Latin and Meta- 
physics among the elective studies. He believed that too much 
attention to the physical sciences tended to materialism, and was 
in favor of the introduction of new studies, but not of the rejec- 
tion of the old ones. If the study of Greek was left optional 
with the Student, the Theological Seminaries would suffer thereby. 
If the young man who was inclined to enter upon a theologieal 
course was met at the outset with the necessity of reverting to the 
study of Greek, it would in many cases turn the scales against 
theological study. At Princeton they were unanimous in favor of 
retaining the classics in their old place in the curriculum. Another 
serious question to be considered was the secularization of college 
education. A movement was on foot to banish the Bible and all 
forms of rehgious worship from the precincts of the colleges. 
This had been done in many colleges in the old world, and it was 
surely coming to that in this country, unless a determined and 
united effort was made against it by the friends of Christian learn- 
ing. He was ready to throw himself heart and soul into the 

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The Rev. Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D., President of Vale Col- 
lege, also spoke without notes. Heartily congratulating the Semin- 
ary on its new departure, he recognized the ties which have always 
existed between the Union Seminary and New England ; refer- 
ring with great felicity to some of the noted New England Fathers 
of former days, whom he remembered as a boy. He referred also 
to the theological controversies which disturbed the earlier decades 
of the present century, and spoke with great hopefulness of the 
years to come. 



The President of Amherst College, the J?ev. Julius Hawlev 
Seelve, D.D., LL.D,, was next introduced. He spoke as follows : 

" I heartily join, Mr. President, in the congratulations which 
shower upon you this glad day. When a theological seminary, so 
strong in its scholarship and so sound in its faith as this has ever 
been, finds its resources enlarged with its enlarging opportunities, 
ail friends of theological learning must rejoice. Every theological 
seminary in the land is benefited by the benefits which this insti- 
tution enjoys. 

" But the interest in the event you celebrate is not confined to 
theologians. It affects social reformers as well. The great city 
which these buildings might almost be said to crown, the nation 
and the world, are to be profited in the life that now is by the 
instruction furnished by this institution respecting the life that is 

" Questions of social or political life, of municipal reform, of 
national administration, will be stated and answered in many 
minds the world over, according to the instruction here given. 
The preachers trained in this Seminary will, by their preaching, 
train many men who will be the social and civil leaders of their 
lime, and whose leadership in thought and action will itself be led 

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61 . 

by the views of God and man and redemption and revelation, in 
which they shall have been instructed by their preachers. 

" In the memoirs of Sir Fowell Buxton, who made the first 
motion in the British House of Commons for the aboHtion of 
slavery in the British West Indies — inaugurating thus the most 
potent influence on our own anti-slavery agitation — I remember 
reading from his diaty that the first impulse towards what he 
accomplished for the slave came from the preaching of his pastor 
in Wheeler Street Chapel. ' It was much, and of great value,' he 
said, ' that I there received.' I am not sure that he gives the name 
of the preacher — another instance, perhaps, of the poor wise man 
who saved the city, and no one remembered the name of that 
poor wise man, — but the preacher was the true leader; his re- 
ligious views directed the political as well as the religious thought 
of his hearer. I do not suppose the preacher preached politics, 
in the technical sense of the term, in the least, but religion goes 
to the roots of all thought and action, 

" This is more widely true than the world is wont to think. 
Men discuss their social questions on the ground of what they 
call social or political science, but all the views which men hold 
about man's relationship to his fellow men will be tinged, and in 
the last resort, directed by their views about man's relationship to 
God. The view that man has no God and no Creator, or, if a 
Creator, that he has no Divine Father, and Redeemer, and Lord, 
will modify one's entire outlook upon society, and lead to altogether 
different social theories from the view which brings all men under 
the personal superintendence and loving care of a creating and 
redeeming God. What a difference it would have made in the 
great thoughts, in the great leadership of Thomas Carlyle, if that 
sense of justice which made his rugged nature regal, which saw 
clearly, but saw only the weighing in the balance, with strict and 
stern allotment, all human things, had also seen the forgiveness 
of sin and the redemptive work of a divine self-sacrifice. God 
is just, but justice does not hold the sovereignty in the govern- 
ment of the world. The Lord is the Redeemer ! He is the King 
who is to reign until He has put all enemies under His feet. And 
the view of God which puts His sovereignty where the Bible puts 
it, and where the preachers trained in this Seminary will proclaim 

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it to be, the view of God which teaches that He is love, and that 
we love Him because He first loved us, and that he that loveth 
God will love his brother also, will direct the thought of all the 
social reformers who may be led to entertain them, and will give 
the clew which justice cannot supply to all social entanglements. 

"Our books of social science — our teachers of social science 
as a science — attempt to adjust the relations of men on what they 
call an equitable basis. It is due to capital, they say, that it 
should have its proportionate returns for its investments. It is 
just and equitable that the capitalist who supports a hundred 
laborers should have a hundred times as much as each laborer 
receives of the wealth they jointly produce. Just and equitable, 
perhaps, but is it kind? Is it self-sacrificing? Is it what the 
reign of love would bring.' If not, we may depend upon it, we shall 
not thus adjust the social conflicts which continually disturb us. 
Nothing is ever settled, we are told, until it is settled right, but it 
is not settled then. Right and justice will no more settle surging 
human passions than will gravitation still the ocean while the 
sun's light and heat pour upon it. Love alone allays strife, and 
binds society together in brotherhood and peace. God alone, 
through the knowledge of His grace and loving kindness unto 
men, gives men the knowledge of the perfect human fellowship, 
and the inspiration which secures it. 

"Hence it is, Mr, President, I find very good cheer on every 
hand from the prosperity of this Seminary, Vou are doing a great 
work for the Church, and for the State also. Perhaps J should 
say you are doing the work which shall show that the Church and 
State are not diverse but are a living unit, both actualized In their 
perfection only through the actualization among men of that King- 
dom of God, whose scope and application it is to be the high 
mission of your pupils to proclaim." 

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The Rev. Franklin Carter, D.D., LL.D, President of 

Williams College, spoke as follows : 

" The forces of faith and wealth that in the middle ages went 
into cathedrals, go in this age into institutions of religious train- 
ing. The religious spirit of that age erected huge, immovable 
piles, grand and beautiful, to which men went from great distances 
for absolution and worship. This age has learned a truer secret 
than that of the cathedral — the secret of ministries and missions, 
of voluntary exile and self-denying service — and to the keeping of 
that secret this Seminary is consecrated, and of the learning of 
that lesson it is the outcome. ' To seek and to save ' that which 
was lost : that was the purpose for which the Son of God became 
incarnate, and for the seeking and saving this institution trains 
men and will train them to the last moment of the republic. 

" Nor will it be refused to me to make allusion to the fact that 
the hands that have given of their wealth so freely, have blessed 
other institutions far removed from the splendor of this metropoHs 

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the common channel ; but that the equipment of this institution 
is the gift of a few. But we must take the entire system of Chris- 
tian education into account, and then we see how true it is that 
school, college, seminary and church are part of one whole, whose 
aim is to prepare men and women ' to seek and to save,' and how 
every Christian heart in all the land is concerned in one great 
movement. Then we see that every prayer, every aspiration, 
every farthing devoted to this purpose is in sympathy with these 
noble gifts, and that the emotion that enkindles the heart of this 
age finds a nobler climax in such a Seminary as this than could 

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be found in the Cologne Cathedral, whose spires this generation 
has wisely and lovingly completed ; that a brighter radiance goes 
forth from such an institution than from the painted window with 
its cunning spandrel and delicate tracery of the grandest cathedral. 

" Here then in the roar and turmoil of this great city, as the 
fairest flower of its Christianity, shall this Seminary be with its 
still hours of thought on God, His word, and His church ; with 
its precious books, and its book-making professors ; with its con- 
secrated youth from the religious colleges and from the cloisters 
of the universities, and day by day, and hour by hour, God's spirit 
shall guide their hearts, and they shall go out, the chivalry of the 
church of to-day, to 'seek and to save,' housed by no superb art, 
but bending down, uncovered, wherever there is a fallen brother. 

" One thing more we should remember, that it is the general aim 
of an institution, not the nature of the gift that makes the gift 
religious ; that a library, a dormitory, a gymnasium, a laboratory, 
given to a Christion school, becomes tributary to the great work 
of the world's redemption, and will be more effective than the most 
costly religious foundation given to a secularized institution. And 
now seeing what we see, and remembering those that are interested 
in this great event of to-day, the churches ; those who have gone 
out from here, and will go out, and the beloved dead, must we not 
have a new faith in ' the communion of saints ' and surely believe 
that the saints shall take the kingdom ? " 


TAe Ji€v. Professor YR\tic\S Landey Patton, D.D., LL.D., 
of the Princeton Theological Seminary, spoke as follows : 

" Mr. President: 1 recognize this as a glad day in the history 
of Union Theological Seminary, and I bring you the very cordial 
congratulations of every one of my colleagues in Princeton. Three 
of us are here to-day, and I regret that it was not possible for ail 
of us to have been here this morning to listen to the thrilling 
story of the toils and triumphs of a sister institution. 

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■' When Dr. Hitchcock speaks it always rains metaphors. His 
sentences set the bells of memory a ringing, and I am sure that 
the music of his words this morning will linger with us for many 
days to come. For myself I can sincerely say that any feeling 
that I brought with me in regard to the common interests which 
these neighboring Seminaries are entrusted with has been intensi- 
fied by wbat I have heard this morning. 

" Those who are given to the minute study of certain subjects 
say that there is a shade of difference between Princeton and 
Union. I will not debate the question, nor even deny the asser- 
tion ; but I am sure that these Seminaries are far more alike than 
some seem to suppose, and that there is good reason for great 
reciprocity of feeling between them— that in fact there is a great 
deal of such reciprocity. I remember very well a speech that 
Ilr. Shedd made in the Old School Assembly, at Albany, a little 
before the Re-union. He was replying to some objections to Re- 
union that one was apt to have in those days, and by way of show- 
ing how the theology of the two branches was to all intents and 
purposes the same, he said that in Union Seminary there was 
no theological treatise more universally thumbed than Hodge's 
'Outlines.' I could have told Dr. Shedd even then — and I was in 
a position to speak with authority, for I had but recently graduated 
— that no Princeton student considered his outfit complete until 
he had ' Shedd's History of Christian Doctrine ' on his shelves. 

"And how our debt to Union has been accumulating since 
then ! Most of us, I fancy, could name the man to whom we are 
indebted for nearly all we know about ' The Creeds of Christen- 
dom (I do not mention the remaining works of Dr. Schaff, because 
I never tried to catalogue a library in a ten minutes speech.) 

" Speaking of the Re-union, however, reminds me that some 
time ago I printed a sentence which has been quoted several times 
since — for no other reason I am sure than its transparent truth- 
fulness. I said that ' Henry B. Smith was the hero of Re-union.' 
So he was ; and if this were his only glory, this in the minds of 
some men were glory enough. But this was not his only glory. 
The last generation had three great Presbyterian controversialists 
in the sphere of dogmatic theology ; William Cunningham, 
Charles Hodge, Henry B. Smith. Each was supreme in his 

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special department ; and Henry B. Smith, we do not hesitate to 
say, was a monarch in the sphere of historico-philosophical dis- 
cussions pertaining to theology. I heg Dr. Hitchcock's pardon. 
I have called Dr. Smith a controversialist. Perhaps I ought not 
to have done it, in view of what we heard this morning. I know 
that the theology of Union Seminary is ' irenic' But I could not 
help thinking when Dr. Hitchcock told us so this morning, that 
it Dr. Smith was irenic when he wrote his review of Draper, and 
his criticism of Mill, and his refutation of Whedon, I would 
have given anything to see him when he was roused. 

" I wish that my friend Dr. Hodge were in my place, for I 
should like you to know what a representative dogmatician thinks 
of Dr. Smith's systematic theology. I will not attempt to give 
his estimate of that work, but I am telling no secret when I say 
that the Students of Princeton Seminary are in the habit of read- 
ing this volume in connection with Dr. Charles Hodge's Syste- 
matic Theology, and that they do it under the advice of their 
Professor. I may be allowed to say a word in regard to the 
recently published volume of Apologetics, as it falls within my 
own department. It is a fragment they say; in one sense a 
fragment, and yet in another not. The foundations of the build- 
ing are not the building ; and we have here the foundations of a 
Cathedral the like of which does not exist. The plans and speci- 
fications of the architect are not the building, yet they have a 
completeness of their own ; and in this volume we have the 
defences of Christianity sketched by a great architectural genius 
with a comprehensiveness which, I think I may soberly say, 
cannot be duplicated by any thing in the literature of Apologetics. 

" I make these references not only that it may appear that we 
are not slow to reciprocate the compliment paid us by Dr. Shedd 
in his Albany speech, but also for the sake of illustrating the com- 
mon interest which our two Seminaries have in this exhibition 
and defence of the reformed theology ; for it is as true of Semina- 
ries as it is of individuals, that they show their faith by their works. 

" There are other points of comparison to which, if time per- 
mitted, I might allude, and which are interesting as showing how 
much we hold in common. For example, we teach the Shorter 
Catechism in Princeton : it is part of our regular curriculum ; but 

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you have the largest library in America of the sources that went 
to make the Catechism. Princeton has given the world the most 
elaborate system of Caivinistic Theology ; and is only waiting for 
Dr. Schaff to complete his work in order to credit Union with the 
greatest Church History rubricised under Caivinistic conceptions. 
Princeton has produced the best commentary on the Confession 
of Faith ; but you, Mr. President, have a colleague, and I am 
glad to say that he is my colleague in a function that represents 
and conserves the spirit of the Re-union, who carries about with 
him, I verily believe, more knowledge of the history of that Con- 
fession than any living man. We robbed an influential pulpit in 
New York in order to enrich ourselves, but we were only following 
your example. I thought however, that in as much as we did not 
take Dr. Paxton out of New York until it was sure that another 
Dr. Paxton was to take his place, there was some small balance 
in favor of Princeton ; but when I remember that the second Dr. 
Paxton is filling Dr. Hastings's pulpit, I must admit that we are 

" Each of these neighboring Seminaries has had a history, and 
each has an individuality corresponding to its history. But there 
are some things that they both stand for. 

" 1 think in the first place, it may be conceded — and I am not 
taking Princeton and Union singly, but all the Seminaries of 
our own and of other denominations in proof of the fact*— that we 
know something in this country about theological education. I do 
not say that our system is perfect, but we certainly have no reason 
to be ashamed of the equipments which we have for the prosecu- 
tion of theological study in America. 

"When these two Seminaries — I speak of them because they 
are naturally in mind, though I by no means wish to imply that 
the same is not true of the other Seminaries represented here to- 
day—are giving evidence that they realise that theological learn- 
ing must keep pace with the advances made in other spheres. 
Biblical theology is with us as it is with you, and as it ought to be, 
a distinct theological discipline ; and in both Seminaries, I do not 
doubt, is destined to be a department of growing importance. 
We are well informed of the leading part that you are taking in 
A ssyrio logical study. We realise its importance, and do not 
mean to be far behind. 

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" And what is by no means a matter of slight consideration, 
these Seminaries represent and are witnesses to the living power 
of the Reformed Theology. Whether you prefer the Swiss, or 
the Dutch, or the Puritan form of that theology does not matter 
so much. It is the Reformed Theology ; and whatever may be its 
prospects in the old world, in [his country at all events it is neither 
somnolent nor moribund. 

" The danger to which a Theological Seminary is exposed is 
that of fostering a spirit of cold intellectualism. Apart from the 
influence of vital piety which was so happily alluded to in the 
address this morning, I do not see how this can be avoided. 
There are, however, two circumstances in connection with our 
position that tend to keep us from falling into this mistake. One 
is the practical end for which our Seminaries are equipped. Our 
business, it must be remembered, is to make ministers. We stand 
in first relation to the practical life of churches. In this fact lies 
one great part of our strength, and our great safe-guard against a 
tendency to a merely speculative development. Another safe- 
guard is found in the polemic relation in which we are placed. 
For it is useless to deny that a great fight is going on, and it is as 
useless to pretend that we can hold the position of impartial 
spectators of the conflict. We hold a brief for the supernatural. 
We have accepted retainer fees for revelation. We can take but 
one position in this great debate ; and we can look forward with 
the fullest confidence to its outcome. The relation of the con- 
flict, and its results, have been strongly expressed by one who 
will be recognized as authority by all of us here to-day. On the 
last page of Dr. Smith's Apologetics I read this striking utterance : 
' The fight will be between a stiff thorough -going orthodoxy, and 
a stiff thorough -going infidelity. It will be Augustine or Comte, 
Athanasius or Hegel, Luther or Schopenhauer, John Stuart Mill 
or John Calvin." 

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T/ie Ni~iiD Haven Theological Seminary was represented by the 
Rev. Professor George Park Fesher, D.D., LL.D., w/io spoke 

" Mr. Presiden'I' ; The remarks of Professor Patton are of so 
irenical a character, as regards this Seminary, that there is no 
room for any one to pacify a contention, and so there is no room 
for me to gain the blessing of the peace-maker. 

" I bring the congratulations of the Theological Faculty at 
New Haven to the Trustees and to the Faculty of this institution, 
and to the Students also, for I would not overlook the youngmen 
in the gallery, although they have chosen to overlook us. We 
congratulate you on your advancing prosperity, and especially on 
the completion of these comely and commodious buildings. There 
is no need to express the hope that you will not be unduly elated 
by these evidences of growth. It is sometimes said among us in 
New England that Harvard is not only a great College, but con- 
sciously so. There is a story, which must have had its origin there, 
that President Kirkland was accustomed to pray in the Harvard 
Chape! that ' the Lord would bless this and all other inferior insti- 
tutions.' I hope that no supplication of this sort .will ever be 
offered here. 

" I like the Union Seminary, and feel at home in the atmos- 
phere that prevails here. I knew Robinson and the saintly Dr. 
Skinner. I had a more intimate acquaintance with Henry B. 
Smith. It may remind us how much more our life is than life in 
the flesh, that to many to-day this place seems filled with his 
presence. For the existing Faculty I cherish a sincere regard, 
and an admiration, which, were it not for their personal presence, 
I should be glad more fully and freely to express. There is, and 
has been, here the spirit of faith and of freedom. Faith and free- 
dom ^ — both are necessary. We have to maintain the Faith. 
' Other Foundation can no man lay than is laid.' When we are 
asked to desert Christ, we can only say, as of old Peter said : 'To 
whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life.' But we 

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must have freedom. There is no intellectual life except in the 
air of liberty. He who deprecates discussion, looks with a jealous 
eye on investigation, and with a hostile eye on its verified results, 
may think himself a friend of the Christian cause, in these times; 
but he is mistaken. 

" It is one of the pleasant things of an assembly like this that 
it brings together so many representatives of difTerent institutions, 
and of different types of theology. Before leaving home to comply 
with your invitation, I was reminded of a letter which I received, 
some years ago, from the late venerable Dr. Hodge, of Princeton. 
From that letter I copied a few sentences which I beg leave to 
read. The dale of the letter is March 4, 1873. 'Old things,' 
writes Dr. Hodge, ' in many senses of the words, are passing away. 
Old controversies and diversities of opinion are passing out of 
view. New forms of error are arraying themselves against the 
truth by which we live ; and in opposition to these errors, those 
more or less formerly estranged may find themselves united in 
heart and hand. I dread being estranged from any who really 
love and worship our common Lord and Saviour. I shall, there- 
fore, gladly embrace every opportunity to get nearer to you and 
to your associates in New Haven.' 

" There spoke out a Christian heart ! Under all these differ- 
ences, which do not touch the vital faith, there is a common fellow- 
ship. How fine an utterance is that of Richard Hooker : ' There 
will come a time when three words, uttered with charity and meek- 
ness, shall receive a far more blessed reward than three thousand 
volumes written with disdainful sharpness of wit.' 

"Permit me, in closing, to express the fervent wish that this 
institution may continue to flourish, and that its intellectual and 
spiritual prosperity may never fall behind its external advantages." 

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The Andover Theological Seminary was represented by the Rev. 
Professor George Foot Moore, who spoke as follows : 

" On the part of the Theological Faculty in Andover I desire 
to express to you, Mr. President, to the Directors and Faculty, to 
the friends and Students of this Seminary, our warmest congratula- 
tions upon the accomplishment of this monumental work, and our 
hope that all that has been and is, may be but the earnest of a 
still greater future in the service of God and His Church. 

"While I listened this morning to the story of the struggles 
and achievements of the Seminary in. these fifty years as Presi- 
dent Hitchcock told it in his inimitable way— a history which I 
am sure must inspire us all to do our own work with more faith- 
fulness and more faith, I was reminded jhow closely and in how 
many ways Union Seminary has, ever since its foundation, been 
connected with Andover. 

"The great name of Edward Robinson, the man, I think it 
may be fairly said, who first earned for American scholarship the 
right to be judged on equal terms with that of the Old World, 
belongs to Andover as well as to Union. For if the solid pillars 
of his fame were built up after he was called to New York, it was- 
in Andover, from Moses Stuart, the patriarch of Biblical learning 
in America, as Dr. Schaff has truly called him, that he received 
the inspiring impulse that determined his career ; it was in 
Andover that ' the pupil of Gesenius ' began his work as a Pro- 

"Professor Henry B. Smith, too, began his theological studies 
in Andover, although they were soon interrupted by his severe 
illness. Dr. William Adams was a graduate of Andover, and, 
through al! his life, felt for it the warmest affection. Dr, Skinner 
was Professor there. President Hitchcock's name, too, stands on 
our catalogue. Dr. Shedd was a graduate, and for nine years a 
member of our Faculty. Of those who have for a shorter time 
filled chairs of instruction here. Dr. Riggs and Prof. Hadley were 
Andover men. 

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"As I run over these names, which are held in no less honor 
among us than with you, I feel that we in Andover have a peculiar 
reason to rejoice with you to-day. And we have another and 
more personal reason, for three of our present Faculty have been 
students, two of them graduates of this institution. Dr. Hitchcock 
said this morning that Dr. Adams's idea of a seminary was An- 
dover— 'with improvements,' We will not be behind you in appre- 
ciation. As we look to-day at your admirable organization, your 
superb equipment, we own that our idea of a seminary is Union — 
we can only say ' with improvements ' because we believe in the 
indefinite improvability of all man's works. And so, with the 
same ideals and aims, we would join hands with you for the work 
God has given us in this generation, to put into the ministry men 
mighty in the Scriptures, and to establish our Christian, our 
Reformed, faith more securely than ever upon its Biblical, that is, 
upon its eternal foundations." 

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From the President of the United States : 

Executive Mansion, J 

Washington, Deceinber%, 1884. ' 
Mv DEAR Sir : The President has received your kind note of invitation of 
the Sth instant to be present at the dedicatory services, on the gth instant, at 
the new buildings of the Union Theological Seminary, and appreciates fully the 
delicate and complimentary manner in which it is extended. 

He (eels a lively interest in the welfare of the Institution, and regrets that 
his engagements prevent his showing this in a more marked degree by his 
presence on the occasion referred to. 

Expressing his thanks for the courtesy of your note, I am , 
Very truly yours, 

Charles Butler, Esq., Secretary. 

New York City. 

From the venerable Historian of the United States, in kind 
response to a card of invitation inadvertently sent too late : 

1623 H Street, N. W„ \ 

Washington, D. C, January 23, 1S85. ) 
Mv DEAR PBESinENT : Yout kind letter gave me comfort in my four score 
years and tour. Keep for me yourself, and bid Prentiss in like manner keep for 
me, the same sentiments of intimate friendship which so much contributed to 
make my New York life happy. Had you Invited me to your grand dedication of 
your new buildings, I could not have gone to you ; but 1 am exceedingly inter, 
esled in the strength and increasing influence of your institution. I used to 
tease our friend Smith to write a history of the movement of religious thought in 
New England. Is no one left to do the work which he did not find time to 
execute? I want to see Edwards and Hopkins and the others all in their place, 
and the lines of their influence followed out. 

1 am, and shall ever remain, with affectionate regard, 
Yours most truly, 

To Dr. Roswell D. Hitchcock. 

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From Ex-President Woohey .■ 

New Haven, Deiimberi. 1884. 

Charles, Esq. 

Mv Dear Sir : I thank the Directors and the Faculty of the Union 
Theological Seminary for the invitation to be present at the dedieation of the 
new buildings, and I give you especial thanks for your hospitable request to be 
your guest. But I am obliged to decline for two reasons : one of which is my 
deafness, which disables me from hearing very much of what is said on public 
occasions ; and the other, that I feel it necessary in the uncertain weather of 
this part of the year to refrain from going far from home, unless some absolute 
duly seems to require it. 

Respectfully and truly yours, 


From the Hon. David Dudley Field : 

Mr. David Dudlev Field regrets extremely thatnecessary absence from the 
city will prevent his acceptance of the kind invitation of the Directors and Faculty 
of the Union Theological Seminary to attend at the dedication of their new 
buildings, on Tuesday next. 

64 Park Avenue, December tih. 1 

From Assistant Bishop Potter : 

New York, Dtiemheri. 1884. 

Mv Dear Mr. Brown; Your kind note of the 2d, has just reached me, 
and J am heartily sorry that an engagement which lakes me out of New York 
on Tuesday next, is likely to deprive me of the pleasure of accepting the invi- 
tation which you are good enough to convey to me. 1 may, however, at least 
claim the privilege of offering to you and those associated with you, my hearty 
congratulations on the completion of your new and noble home for the Union 
Theoli^cal Seminaiy. It is an occasion in which all Christian scholars may 
rejoice, for the literary hospitalities of the Union Seminary have been so generous, 
as well to students of other communions as to your own, that they have a very 
genuine, if somewhat selfish interest in your prosperity. More than this : 
among your Faculty are the names of those whom all friends of Christian 
learning and thorough ministerial training may well delight to honor, and to 
whose services I should account It an honor to pay my respectful tribute. 
Hitchcock and SchafI and Briggs, and their distinguished associates, are teachers 
with a far wider constituency than that within the bounds of their own ecclesl- 

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astical fellowship ; and if we envy you the possession of these stars of the first 
magnitude, it is not because we are not willing to rejoice in their brilliant beams. 
With every best wish for the Union Theological Seminary, believe me, dear 
Mr. Brown, 

Very faithfully yours, 


From Dr. Richard Salter Slorrs .■ 

80 PiERREPONT Street, J 
Brooklyn, Deiemher 5, 1SS4. ) 
Dr. Storrs presents his compliments and congratulations to the Directors 
and the Faculty o£ the Union Theological Seminary, and regrets that previous 
engagements for Tuesday the gth instant, forbid him to accept their kind invita- 
tion to the service of consecration then to be held. 

He hopes that the whole history of the Seminary may be full of Christian 
faith, usefulness and power. 

Besides letters from numerous friends and benefactors of Union 
Seminary, cordial salutations were received from other Theological 
Seminaries, many of which were represented by one or more of their 
Prof essors personally present, as follows : 

















H,v .1 . CoQt^le 

Letters were received also from the following Universities and 















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