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Full text of "The Sesqui-centennial, or, The 150th anniversary of the Deerfield Presbyterian Church, Cumberland County, New Jersey, celebrated Thursday, Aug. 25th, 1887 : historical sermon, addresses, etc"

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—wvrt^OK THE- 





John Cueesmak, Piuntek, I'atkiot Okfu. t, 
18 « 8. 




3 1833 02733 0973 

The Sesqui -centennial 7 or 
The iSOth ann i vprcr,ary .. 
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John Cheesman, Printer, Patriot Office, 

18 8 8. 

M,„ Co.ntV public Ubram 

POBo:<"'" '!3t?Q 




One of the greatest events known in the history of Deer- 
field, N. J., was the 150th Anniversary of the Presbyterian 
Church, held August 25th, 188T. It is estimated that from 
1000 to 1200 persons were present. From 700 to 800 people 
took dinner and supper at the chapel provided for b}-^ the con- 
gregation. The church was crowded during the three sessions^ 
and part of the time it was calculated that there were as many 
persons on the outside of the building as inside. A large awn- 
ing was stretched along the eastern side of the building, with 
camp stools underneath to accommodate the multitude on the 
outside, who were unable to gain access to the inside. 

The church was tastefully and beautifully decorated for 
the occasion. No pains were spared to give it an unusually 
attractive appearance. The music was excellent and could not 
be surpassed. The choir was assisted by four additional instru- 
ments of music. The services were of the most interesting 
character. The history of the church had been prepared by 
the pastor. Rev. A. J. Snyder, and read on that occasion, which 
occupied about an hour and fifteen minutes. The Rev. R. 
Hamill Davis, Ph. D., a former pastor, talked on "Recollec- 
tions." He referred touchingly to many incidents which occur- 
red during his ministry here. The Hon. Clifford Stanley Sims, 
of Mount Holly, N. J., was present and made a few well chosen 
remarks. He is the great, great, grand-son of the Rev. John 
Brainerd, who lies buried beneath this church. The Rev. 
Allen H. Brown gave a very interesting account of the "The 
Presbyterian Chui'ch in South Jerse}', its Origin and Progress." 
Mr. Caleb Allen, A. B., Principal of the West Jersey Academy, 
made a very entertaining address on the "Important Events of 
the past one hundred and fifty j'ears." The Rev. Robert J. 
Burtt and Mr. Charles S. T3'ler, sons of former pastors, offered 
short, yet appreciative addresses, referring to the church in 
former days. 

The Rev. James D. Hunter, a former pastor, made a very 
elaborate address on the "Sabbath School, its history and 
work." Revs. David and William James, brothers, and in 
early life connected with this church, were present and made 
short and stirring addresses, relative to their early experiences 
in this connection. Rev. F. R. Brace addressed the congrega- 
tion on "The Church, and why we should love it." His remarks 
were appropriate and impressive. This closed the exercises of 
the occasion, all of which were exceedingly gratifying and prof- 
itable, and very much appreciated by all present. The day 
was beautiful, and the occasion one that will long be remem- 
bered by all in atttendance. A. J. S., 

Deerfield Parsonage. 


On the day of the Anniversary it was resolved by a popu- 
lar vote of the congregation to have the history of the church 
published, the Hon. Clifford Stanley Sims, of Mount Holly, N. 
J., having offered to contribute $20 towards defraying the 
expense of the publication. Whereupon the pastor of the church 
Rev. A. J. Snyder, Rev. Allen H. Brown and Rev. R. Hamill 
Davis, Ph. D., were appointed a committee to carry the resolu- 
tion into effect. At the close of the exercises the pastor, one 
of the committee, appointed a Finance Committee to solicit con- 
tributions and secure subscribers in order to justify the Publi- 
cation Committee in making arrangements to publish the 

In due time the Finance Committee made their report, 
which was so flattering that it was deemed safe to undertake 
the work of publishing the proceedings of the occasion, with 
the long addresses condensed. The Finance Committee con- 
sisted of Messrs. Robert Moore, Sr., Robert Peacock, John 
Ott, J. Barron Potter, M. D., of Bridgeton, and Mrs. Edo 0. 

In the preparation of the history of the church, the pas- 
tor gratefully acknowledges his indebtedness both to friends in 
the congregation and out of it, for historical matter; thus ena- 
bling him to give a fuller statement of facts and make the his- 
tory more replete with interest. It is now submitted to the 
public, at their own request, together with the other addresses, 
with the hope that it will prove acceptable and profitable to the 
people, and serve as a valuable document for reference, both to 
this generation and the generations yet to come. 

The thanks of the pastor are due also to the brethren who 
have so kindly and promptly forwarded their addresses, at his 
request, for publication. A. J. S., 

Deerfield Parsonage. 


NIORNINQ, 10:30 A. M. 

Reading the Scriptures. 
Singing — Hymn 573, C. M. 

Historical Address by the Pastor, Rev. A. J. Snyder. 
Singing— [An ode written by Mr. E. T. Taylor, of Wil- 
mington, Del.] S. M. 

Hail ! bright auspicious day, 
Hail ! glad memorial hour, 
We come, with heart and voice to bless 
God's guarding, guiding power; 
With grateful, happy hearts. 
Our gladsome song we raise, 
Children, and children's children join 
Our father's, God to praise. 

We praise Thee, our God, 

For what thy hand hath done; 

For garnered fruit within these walls, 

The trophies grace hath won. 

We bless Thee for the truth 

Proclaimed these many years; 

For the rich covenant of Thy love, 

Through sunshine and through tears." 

Address by Rev. R. Hamill Davis, Ph. D., of Delaware, 
N. J. Subject— "Recollections." 

Short address by Hon. Cliftbrd Stanley Sims, of Mount 
Holly, N. J. 

Singing — Hymn r)94, C. M. 




Address by Rev. Allen H. Brown, of Camden, X. J. Sub- 
ject— "The Presbyterian Church in South Jersey, its Origin 
and Progress." 

Singing — [A poem written by Rev. R. Hamill Davis for 
the Centennial of the Erection of this Church in 18tl.] H. JVL 
"I love old Deerfidd Church, 
The church my fathers loved. 
The church whose doctrines pure 
These hundred years have proved; 
And may she many a hundred more 
In power and usefulness endure. 

I love the dear old church; 
To me 'tis dearer now 
Than e'en cathedral grand, 
With all its splendid show. 
Far full a century has flown 
Since rose its walls of solid stone. 

I love the old, old church, 

For sainted ones at rest 

Worshipped devoutly here, 

And now are with the blest. 

Their memory sweet we cherish stilL, 

And cherish it, we ever will. 

I love, I love our church. 

The birth-place of my soul; 

And whereso'er I roam. 

O'er earth from pole to pole, 

No spot there'll be, more sweet to me. 

Than this, I love so tenderly. 

Ood bless old Deerfield Church, 
Protect from every foe; 
Nurtured of God, may she 
To large proportions grow; 
Till time itself shall cease to be. 
Lost in a vast eternity-" 

Address by Caleb Allen, A. B., Principal of the W. J. Acad- 
emy. Subject — "Important Events of the past 150 years." 
Singing — n3mn 57 T, S. P. M. 

Short address by Rev. Robert J. Burtt, of Marksboro, N.J. 
Address by Mr. C. S. Tyler, of Greenwich, N. J. 

EVENINQ, T:30 F*. WL. 


Reading of the Scriptures. 


Singing — Hymn 944, P. M. 

Address by Rev. James D. Hunter, of Greencastle, Pa. 
Subject— "The Sabbath School, its History and Work. 

Singing — Hymn 575, S. ^M. 

Address by Rev. David M. James, of Bath, Pa. 

Address by Rev. William H. James, D. D., of Springdale, 


Address by Rev. F. R. Brace, of Blackwoodtown, N. J. 
Subject-"The Church, and why we should love it." 

Singing — Hymn 597, S. M. 




Psalm 92: 14. "They shall still bring forth fruit in old 
age ; they shall be fat and flourishing." 

In the introduction of the services of this anniversary occa- 
sion, we extend to you all a cordial greeting. Your presence 
is an indication of the interest you have in this old historic 
church, now having obtained its one hundred and fiftieth 
birthday. We give j^ou a hearty welcome, and are glad that 
you have come to take part in these memorial exercises. Our 
prayer is that the Great Head of the Church may be with us in 
wonderful power, and bring a rich blessing to all our hearts. 
Very naturall}^ the preparation of a history of this church at 
such a time as this would be laid at the door of the pastor; but 
I would much rather the responsibility should have fallen into 
other hands, better qualified for such an important task. Some 
one has said that that nation is the happiest that has no history. 
This may be true in regard to nations, and yet I doubt it, 
especially in regard to Christian nations. But this truly cannot 
apply to the church. We rejoice to-day that we have a his- 
tory — a history of which we need not be ashamed. Like our 
aged fathers and mothei's, with children and grand-children and 
great grand-children gathered around them, love to interest 
them with stories of olden times, and talk of the scenes of their 
early childhood, and of the many changes time has wrought all 
along their pathway through life: so we to-da}-, gathered about 
this hallowed spot, where so many precious memories cluster, 
to celebrate the birth of this church, take pleasure in look- 
ing back to the days of its childhood and early religious expe- 
rience, when the word of the Lord was so precious to God's 
people, and note the changes God has wrought among His chil- 
dren, and the many blessings He has scattered all along their 
pathway. Surely the Lord hath done great things for us, whereof 


we are glad. Your presence here to-day from far and near, 
a3 (.•liiKlren and friends of the "Dear old church," as it is some- 
times called, is an evidence of your attachment to the church 
of your forefathers and your love for Zion. Truly you can say: 

'•I love thy Kingdom Lord t 

The House of thine abode, 

The Church our blest Redeemer saved 

With His own precious blood." 
I am not a little embarrassed in my preparations for this 
day's exercises to find that a history of this church was writ- 
ten about sixteen 3'ears ago by one of my predecessors, the Rev. 
R. Hamill Davis, Ph. D. In order to preserve and combine 
all the links of the golden chain of the church's history, my 
remarks must necessarily be in part at least a reproduction of 
the past history. Owing to the meagre records of the church's 
early history, (some of which are entirely lost), it would be 
impossible to give a full and complete statement of facts. As 
near as can be ascertained the organization of this church was 
effected between the years 1732 and 1737. The probability is 
that it occurred in 1737. 

For about nine years the infant church had no regular 
pastor to break unto them the bread of life. But during all 
those years the gentle voice of the Great Shepherd and Bishop 
of Souls could be heard saying, "Fear not little flock, for it is 
your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom." The 
promise was fulfilled, and the kingdom came in might^y power. 
During this period, in the mysterious providence of God, the 
Master sent some of the choicest preachers of the word to min- 
ister to the spiritual needs of the people, such as Revs. Samuel 
Blair, Gilbert Tennent, Samuel Finlcy, perhaps Whitefield, 
and others. The Spirit of God was shed down in great abund" 
ance and the labors of those men of God were signally blessed. 
The awakening was widespread among the people, and the little 
church just Iforn waxed stronger under the gracious visitation 
of Divine Providence, until it was encouraged and prepared to 
call its first pastor. We may safely say "Jeliovah, Jirah " 
(The Lord will provide). In the darkest hour He leaves not, 
nor forsakes His people. 


With such a starting point as this; with such tokens of 
the Divine presence and rich blessing at the very beginning of 
the church's life, is it surprising that we should have such a 
volume of interesting facts comprising the 150 years of the 
church's existence? Frequently do we find this church in the 
past to have been without an under-shepherd to minister regu. 
larly to the spiritual wants of the people, even for several j'ears 
at a time; and yet the fostering and preserving care of our 
Heavenly Father sustained and perpetuated the existence of 
the church. Surely in those days there was ample room for 
the exercise of faith and patience, and those early settlers and 
early christians seemed to know how to endure hardness as 
good soldiers of Jesus Christ. 

My text implies and teaches that the individual christian 
and the church in her organized capacity are productive of 
fruit — the fruit of holiness — in all ages of their experience; 
from 3'outh to old age. No doubt this church, whose history 
we love and cherish, is a branch of that tree whose seed was 
planted on the eastern shore of Maryland by Rev. Francis 
Makamie, many years ago, and whose branches, like the Cedars 
of Lebanon, have spread, not only across Delaware Bay, but 
over this entire national domain. 

The history of a church is largely made up of its ministry. 
About a score of pastors and stated supplies have labored in 
this part of the vineyard of the Lord during these 150 3'ears, 
the most of whom have been faithful co-workers with the Mas- 
ter, and workmen that needed not to be ashamed. 

As earl}' as the yeer 1738 the Rev. Daniel Buckingham 
supplied the pulpit, and preaclied also at Pittsgrove. It was 
not Ions before the people of Pittsgrove expressed the desire 
to have a separate organization, and after some contention 
the Presb3'tery granted their request on condition that their 
house of worship should be six miles distant from the Deer- 
field church building. 

The Rev. Andrew Hunter was the first on the list of pas- 
tors in the Decrfield Church. He was ordained and installed 
September 4th, 1746. He had acceptably supplied the pulpit 
for some time before his installation. He became pastor of 
the Greenwich Presbyterian Church at the same time, and con- 

tinued his laborious labors in the joint charge until the year 
1760, giving only one-third of his time to Deerfield. At this 
period his labors ceased in Deerfield, but he continued his work 
in the Greenwich Church until his death, which occurred July 
28th, 1775. His sleeping dust reposes in the Greenwich bury- 
ing ground. Tradition represents Rev. Andrew Hunter, the 
first pastor of the church, standing among his people with a 
leathern girdle around his tall form, dilating the truths in his 
most fervent passion; his large eyes emitting magnetic flashes, 
that held in wonder, fear and amazement the most stupid lis- 
tener. He seemed to them like the risen personification of the 
Great Apostle of the Gentiles. It is said he would step from 
the platform and walk down the aisle among the congregation 
at the close of the service, raise the little children in his arms 
and bless them, and lay his hands on the heads of stalwart men 
and bless them; while his exhortations, so full of touching 
pathos for the welfare of others, shed a holy influence on all 

After Mr. Hunter's resignation, as near as we can learn, 
the church was without a regular ministry for about four years. 
Then followed the Rev. Simon Williams in 17fi4; whether 
installed or not we cannot tell. He continued his labors in 
this field only about two years. The impression is that his 
short ministr^'^ was abundantly blessed, and tlie church greatly 
strengthened. From what we can glean he must have been a 
man of remarkable courage in rebuking sin among his people, 
and this ma}' account for his short stay in this eliarge. Plain 
practical preaching, and faithfully rebuking sin, have made 
many short pastorates, and unsettled many devoted ministers 
of the gosjiel. John the Baptist was imprisoned for it, and 
finally sacrificed his life. 

Mr. Williams was succeeded by the Rev. Enoch Green, 
who was installed pastor of the church June 9th, 1707. His 
ministr}' extended over a period of nine years, during which 
thirteen were arlded to the church. He is said to have been a 
man of good intellect and a splendid education. In connection 
with his pastoral duties he sustained a somewhat celebrated 
classical school in the old brick parsonage near the stream. 
The effect of this school was to fit and qualify a number of 


young men to go out into the world to fill positions of emi- 
nence and usefulness, and do their part well in the great drama 
of life. Mr, Green finished his work on earth in this field, fall- 
ing asleep in Jesus December 2d, 1776. His remains lie buried 
beneath the church, with a marble slab to mark the spot, which 
was the gift of Dr. J. Barron Potter, of Bridgeton, N. J. The 
inscription on his tombstone, which lies on the eastern side of 
the church building, should include the fact that his bones lie 
mouldering beneath the church. It would be a praiseworthy 
deed for this congregation to perform during this period of the 
church's history. 

After Mr. Green's labors followed the Rev. John Brainerd, 
who took charge of the church in 1777. His settlement was 
during those revolutionary "times that tried men's souls," and 
it is doubtful, therefore, whether he was ever installed as pas- 
tor. He had spent his best days as a missionary among the 
Indians, having succeeded his brother David in that capacity. 
It is said that he always loved the Indians; which is confirmed 
by the fact that he labored long and faithfully among them 
for their spiritual welfare. 

John Brainerd was the son of Hezekiah and Dorothy Brain- 
erd. He was born in Haddam, in the state of Connecticut, in 
1720. He graduated at Yale College in 1746 with honor. He 
was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of New York in 1747, 
and was ordained to the gospel ministry in February, 1748. 
He received his appointment as missionary to the Indians in 
New Jersey, to succeed his brother David, June 2d, 1748, from 
a society in Edinburgh, Scotland, called "The Honorable Soci- 
ety for propagating Christian Knowledge." It was really a 
Foreigh Missionary Society. He was a man qualified to fill 
any high and important position in the church of Christ, but 
preferred to bury himself in the swamps and forests of New 
Jersey for a bare pittance; depriving himself of many of the 
comforts and conveniences of life to labor for the welfare and 
spiritual good of both the whites and Indians. He founded 
churches and raised money to secure buildings to shelter them. 
Nearly his whole life was given to this work, having labored 
about thirty years in Burlingtoil county. His territory exten- 
ded from the Raritan River southward, and from the Delaware 


River to the oceaD. Much of the harvest produced by the good 
seed he scattered, has been reaped by other hands. He was a 
true patriot and lover of his country. Having incited his coun- 
trymen to stand in defence of their rights and resist the tyranny 
and oppression of Great Britain, he so aroused the vengeance 
and indignation of the British and the Tories, and the Rerolu- 
tionary war so crippled and interfered with his life-long chosen 
work that he was obliged to seek a safer place of residence and 
a quieter field of labor, and hence he came to Deerfield. Wher- 
ever he went his influence was felt for good. He lives in the 
memory of the good and pious to-da3^ I understand that the 
Presbyterian Church at Mount H0II3', where he lived and 
labored so long, and which is now rebuilding their church edi- 
fice, purpose to put in a Brainerd memorial window to perpet- 
uate his memory. Maj- God bless them for this deserving 
tribute of respect. 

He was noted as a preacher of the gospel; he was eminent 
for piety; and after four years of faithful service in this church, 
he ceased from his labors and his works did follow him. He 
died much lamented. His remains also lie beneath the church, 
and a marble slab marks the spot, which is likewise the gift of 
Dr. Potter. This congregation could pay no higher tribute of 
respect, perhaps, to this departed saint, than to lay a marble 
slab on the outside of this building beside the Rev. Enoch 
Green's, his most intimate friend, inscribing upon it the fact 
that his remains are deposited on the inside, and so informing 
the passer by of future generations that his lifeless body 
reposes in this portion of the city of the dead. 

The pulpit was now supplied for a season by Rev. Joseph 
Montgomery and others. 

On the 25th day of June, 1783, the Rev. Simeon Hyde was 
ordained and installed pastor. After only seven Aveeks of ear- 
nest and successful effort in the Christian ministry, in the bloom 
and vigor of his young manhood, with brilliant prospects loom- 
ing up before him, he was called to his reward on high. His 
body lies entombed in this yard to await the resurrection morn. 
In view of this sudden and unexpected loss to tlic church, we 
would say with the poet: 


"God moves in a mysterious way 

His wonders to perf&rm; 

He plants his footsteps in the sea, 

And rides upon the storm. 
For another period of about three years the ehurcli 
depended on supplies. On the 20th day of June, 1786, Mr. 
William Pickles was installed. By birth he was an English- 
man. In the pulpit he was eloquent, but in his life inconsist- 
ent. The irregularities of his life soon excited a holy indigna- 
tion in the minds of his people, who loved a pure gospel and 
an exemplary life; and hence, Mr. Pickles soon discovered that 
his room would be better appreciated than his presence. Hav- 
ing disgraced his profession, according to the account, his lab- 
ors must have been brought speedily to a close in this charge, 
casting a dark shadow over this people, whom God liad formed 
for himself. No doubt the church suffered greatly from Mr. 
Pickles' ministry. It is difficult to wipe out the stains and 
obliterate the influence of such a record as his. From this 
time the church was left eight years without a regular pastor; 
yet not entirely without the bread of life, for we learn that 
the pulpit was supplied at different times by different ministers. 
The dark clouds following each other in rapid succession, must 
naturally have reduced the church to a low condition, and left 
the little flock in a state of discouragement. But in all these 
years of trial, they were not left without the presence of God 
and the fulfillment of his precious promises. In His own good 
time and way He raised up for them, and for their comfort and 
encouragement, a good and excellent man in the person of Rev. 
John Davenport, who was installed pastor August 12th, 1795. 
He was a Jerseyman by birth; born at Freehold in 1752, and 
graduated at Princeton College in 1769. He labored for a 
number of years in other parts of the vineyard of the Lord 
before coming to Deertield to care for this needy people. Dur- 
ing his ministry more care must have been taken in preserving 
the records of the church. The first roll of cliurch meml)ers 
appears in his time, June Gth, 1801. The membership then 
numbered eighty-five. Sixty-four persons were gathered into 
the church during his ministry of about ten years; years of 

faltliful labor, rewarded by a plentiful harvest of souls. The 
darkness gave place to the light, and the light must have been 
sweet. The health of Mr. Davenport giving way, he withdrew 
from the charge October 16th, 1805. 

After Mr. Davenport left, the church was again without 
an under-shepherd for the space of three years. 

On October 20th, 1808, the Rev. Nathaniel Reeve was 
installed pastor, having come from Long Island to this charge. 
At one time he practiced medicine in Western Virginia. Fifty- 
two persons were added to the church as the fruit of his minis- 
try. We are informed that the accessions were gradual; new 
additions at nearly every communion season, which is worthy 
of mention. Mr. Reeve resigned April Hth, 1817, after having 
served the church between eight and nine years. 

Again the church was left without a pastor for more than 
two years. Then followed the Rev. Francis S. Ballentine, who 
was installed pastor June 22d, 1819. About the beginning of 
Mr. Ballentine's ministry there had been a general spiritual 
deadness prevailing in the church for some time, which was 
greatly lamented by the session. Although perplexed, yet not 
in despair, they resolved to pray for Zion still, and after patient 
waiting for about three years, with few accessions to the fold 
of Christ, showers of divine blessing came down upon the peo- 
ple. On December 6th, 1822, thirty-one persons sat down to 
the Lord's table for the first time, to enjoy the blessings of 
divine grace with God's redeemed people. Sixty persons were 
added to the church during Mr. Ballentine's labors, which is 
no mean record or showing for five years' service. A new 
church roll was made out shortly before he left this field, mak- 
ing the number of members one hundred and four. He resigned 
this charge June 8th, 1824, having been released at an adjourned 
meeting of tlie Presbytery of Philadelphia. 

Another vacancy now occurred covering nearly two years, 
after which the Rev. Alexander McFarland was ordained and 
installed pastor of the church April 27th, 1826. His pastorate 
continued only four years, when he was called to a professorship 
in Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. It is said that he was a thor- 
ough Presbyterian and a fine scholar. He M'as succeeded by 

the RcT. John Burtt, who simply served as a supply- for a brief 
period. During the short time he served the church, the Mas- 
ter gave him seals to his ministry, and a number were added to 
believers. After a time he was settled at Blackwoodtown. 

He was followed By the Rev. G. D. McCueun, who, having 
supplied the pulpit for six months, was installed pastor Novem- 
ber 9th, 1831. About the time he entered upon his labors the 
membership numbered only sevent^'-seven. This slow growth 
in the church may be attributed, perhaps, to man}-, and some- 
times long vacancies in the pulpit, and frequent changes of pas- 
tors. Such occurrences seem to militate against the prosperity 
of Zion. Mr. McCueun's pastorate continued about five years. 
He received forty-one into the fold, and when his labors closed 
he left a membership of about one hundred. Again the church 
is left without a pastor. 

The next on the list is the Rev. Benjamin Tyler, who was 
invited to suppl}' the church for six months, but at the expiration 
of three months the congregation extended him a call to become 
their pastor, which was accepted. He was ordained and in- 
stalled October 18th, ISST. He was born and raised at Green- 
wich, under the influence of the Societ}^ of Friends. Through 
the instrumentality of the Rev. Samuel Lawrence, he was led 
to make a profession of his faith in Christ. Twenty-three were 
added to the church during his ministry, but failing health 
made it necessary for him to seek a dissolution of the pastoral 
relation, which was obtained February 19th, 1842. He retired 
to Greenwich, where he died June 2Gth, 1842, and where his 
remains are interred. He was 37 years of age. 

The Rev. Jacob W. E. Kerr followed Mr. Tyler. He was 
installed August IGth, 1842. He hailed from the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland, where Presbyterianism was first established 
in this country-. His best years were devoted to this field. 
Both able and faithful, his ministry was owned and blessed. 
Some precious seasons were enjoyed, and frctiuent accessions 
to the church were made, but these were followed by seasons 
of spiritual dearth, and a low state of religion was greatly 
lamented by the most devout portion of the congregation. 
However, the people fasted and prayed and continued to make 
supplication until the windows of Heaven wore opened, and a 

rich harvest of souls were gathered iu. We learn that in 
December, 1845, thirty-one sat down to the table of the Lord 
for the first time. Ninety-seven were received during his min- 
istry, which calls for profound gratitude. But it is not all 
sunshine here, for the painful duty was assigned him of laying 
five elders in the grave during his pastorate in this church. 
lie was released from the charge by the Presbytery, May 1st, 
1855. After this his time was occupied in supplying vacant 
fields. He died August 12th, 1879, aged 65 years, 7 months 
and 20 daj's, and his remains repose by the side of his compan- 
ion in this old church yard, on the eastern side of the church 

Mr. Kerr was succeeded b}' the Rev. Thomas "W. Cattell, 
Ph. D., who was installed pastor of this church October 9th, 
1855. lie is represented as an earnest and zealous laborer in 
the vineyard of the Lord. Under his ministry professing chris- 
tians were built up in holiness, and sinners yielded their hearts 
to God. Forty-eight persons united with the church during 
his labors here. Thirty-two of these were brought in in the 
3'ear 1858, Avhich was a period of special religious interest 
among so many of the churches. 

In his time the church numbered about one hundred and 
thirty-five members. From the beginning, so far as the rec- 
ords show, about four hundred had been added to the church. 
His pastoral relation with this chui'cli was dissolved February 
9th, 18G0. From here he. went to Princeton, N. J., and was 
principal and teacher in the Edgehill Academy until 1869. 
He then moved his school to Merchantville, N. J., and i-e- 
mained there until April, 1872, when he accepted the position 
as Professor of Mathematics in Lincoln University, Chester 
count}-. Pa., where he did a noble and self-denying work in pre- 
paring young colored men to labor for the elevation of the 
colored portion of the race. He closed his labors on earth 
in that institution, after having filled the position for about 
fifteen years, llis death occurred June 29th, 1887, when about 
64 years of age. His remains were entombed in Laurel Hill 
Cemetery, Philadelphia, on the 2d of Jul}^, 1887. He leaves a 
■widow and six children to mourn his departure. 

At the beginning of the preparations for this anniversary, 

the hope was cherished that he would be with us to-day and 
take a prominent part in these services. The invitation was 
extended, l3ut the condition of his health was such that he did 
not feel justified to make the promise. At that time he may 
not have realized that his end was so near at hand; but, alas! 
he, too, has gone. Another reminder that this world is not our 
home. How closely the messenger of death is folloAving in the 
path of the laborers of this field. 

The name of the next to follow on the list of pastors is as- 
familiar to you as household words — I mean the Rev. R. Hamill 
Davis, Ph. D., whose memory is widely cherished in this con- 
gregation. He was much esteemed as a christian gentleman,. 
and beloved as a pastor. Faithful to his calling and profes- 
sional duties, the Lord added many seals to his ministry. 
About one hundred and ninet3'-four persons were received into 
the church as the fruit of his labors. Forty-two professed 
Christ at one time in March, 1868. Mr. Davis was born at 
Coatesville, Pa., March 25th, 1832. He was descended on his 
father's side from a Welsh and Swedish ancestry, but is Scotch - 
Irish through the ancestry of his mother. His grandfather, 
John Davis, served as an officer all through the Revolutionary 
war. His great grandfather, John Horton, was a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, and gave the casting vote for 
Pennsylvania in the Continental Congress. Rev. ^Mr. Davis 
graduated at Lafayette College in 1852. After this he taught 
at the Lawrenceville school for four years. He studied Theol- 
ogy in Princeton Seminary, where he graduated in 1859. He 
was licensed to preach the gospel April, 1858, by the Presbj-- 
tery of New Brunswick. He came to this church in August, 
1860, which he supplied regularly until June 4th, 1861, when 
he was ordained and installed its pastor. The Rev. E. P. 
Shields, Rev. Samuel B. Jones, D. D., Rev. Joseph W. Hub- 
bard, and the Rev. Samuel J. Baird, D. D., took part in the 
ordination and installation services. The pastoral relation 
was dissolved August 18T5; a loving and appreciative people 
reluctantly consenting to the dissolution of the relationship so 
long sustained. He left Deerfield to become the prmcipal of 
the Young Ladies Seminary at Lawrenceville, N. J. He 
retired from that position in 1883, with health greatly impaired. 


On the restoration of his health he became the pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church at Delaware, N. J., in June, 1885, where 
he still labors to bless souls. Mr. Davis has the honor of hav- 
ing the longest pastorate here of any of his predecessors or 
successors; his labors covering a period of fifteen 3'ears. He 
was settled here during a very stormy period of the country's 
history. He commenced his pastoral work just about the time 
of the outbreak of the rebellion, when the entire country became 
unsettled and quivered from the centre to the circumference. 
By pursuing a prudent and consistent course he maintained 
his position well during all those years of civil warfare, when 
such a diversity of sentiment prevailed North and South, and 
when so many of our ministerial brethren became unsettled, 
either because they manifested too great loyalty to the govern- 
ment, or exhibited too much sympathy for the rebels. He is 
the author also of a carefully prepared history of the church 
up to the year 18^1, which he read on the occasion of the cele- 
bration of the Centennial of Deerfield Church Building; an 
-occasion which is looked back to by this congregation with a 
great deal of pleasure. 

The history was afterwards published in pamphlet foi*m, 
and may be found in the homes of many of this congregation. 
It is a valuable production, and should be preserved for future 

The following poem, composed by Mr. Davis and read by 

him on the centennial occasion, does not appear in the printed 

histor}', and considering it too good to drop out of sight, I 

obtained permission to use it on this occasion. It reads as 


"I love old Deerlield Church, 

The church my fathers loved. 

The church whose doctrines pure 

These hundred years have proved; 

And may she many a hundred more 

In power and usefulness endure. 

I love the dear old church; 
To me 'tis dearer now 
Than e'en cathedral grand. 
With all its splendid show. 


Far full a centuiy has flown 
Since rose its -walls of solid stone. 

I love the old, old church, 

For sainted ones at rest 

Worshipped devoutly here, 

And now are with the blest. 

Their memory sweet we cherish still, 

And cherish it, we ever will. 

I love, I love our church, 

The birth-place of my soul; 

And whereso'er I roam, 

O'er earth from pole to pole, 

No spot there'll be, more sweet to me. 

Than this, I love so tenderly. 

God bless old Deerfield Church, 
Protect from every foe; 
Nurtured of God, may she 
To large proportions grow; 
Till time itself shall cease to be. 
Lost in a vast eternit}-." 

Not only did Mr. Davis love the "dear old church," but he 
loved his home in the old parsonage, (as we now call it), where 
all his children were born; yes, he loves it still. 

The Rev. W. H. Dinsmore was Mr. Davis' successor. He 
was installed pastor of the church March 15th, 18T6. The 
Rev. L. E. Coyle, Rev. J. A. Maxwell, and the Rev. J. R. Wil- 
son conducted the installation services. He came to this charge 
from Stroudsburg, Pa., where he had spent about five years of 
his ministerial life. After having been in this field about four- 
teen months — four of which he was laid aside from active duty 
— the Master called him to his eternal rest May 2Gth, 1878. 
His remains were interred at Phillipsburg, N. J. This was a 
sad bereavement to the church, for they highly esteemed and 
loved their newly chosen pastor, with whom they were called 
to part so soon. He left a widow and two children to mourn 
their loss, who reside near the resting place of his mortal 
remains. Nine persons were added to the church during his 


ministry. His two sons found the Saviour during the past 
year, and entered into covenant with God and His people, which 
is a great comfort to their mother. 

lie graduated from Princeton College in 1857, and from 
Princeton Seminary in 1860. In 1861 he was ordained and 
installed pastor of the Silvers' Spring Church, near Harrisburg^ 
by the Presbytery of Carlisle. He left that church in 1865, 
and went to Mahanoy City, where he remained until 1869; 
going from there to Stroudsburg, and from there he came to 
Deerfield, He lived as he preached. He was a man of much 
earnest prayer, and wherever he worked was attended by marked 
revivals, and many were converted under his ministr}-. This 
church loved him and were wonderfully kind to him in his 
affliction. Nothing was left undone that could be done; but 
the Master called, and he must obey the summons. 

On October 9th, 1877, a call was extended to the Rev. 
Edward P. Heberton, which he accepted the 22d of October 
following, and entered upon his duties as pastor elect October 
28th, 1877. The installation took place April 1st, 1878. The 
committee appointed by Presbytery to discharge this dut}' were 
Rev. William A. Ferguson, the Rev. R. H. Davis, and the Rev. 
E. P. Shields. 

Mr. Heberton graduated from Princeton, X. J., and was or- 
dained to the gospel ministry in 18G8 by the Philadelphia Pres- 
bytery. During his ministerial life he served the Great Talle}' 
Church in Chester count}^, Pa.; the Church of Duluth, Minn.; 
the First Church of Columbus, Oliio, and the Kenderton Pres- 
byterian Church, of Philadelphia. He died in Florida in 1883, 
where he had gone for his health. He is spoken of as a man of 
rare abilities and an able preacher. He left a widow and five 
children to lament their sad loss, who at present reside in the 
city of Bridgeton, N. J. Twentj'-one persons were added to 
the church during his ministry. The roll of members at the 
close of his labors was one hundred and ninety-seven, indepen- 
dent of those on the reserved list. His father also spent his 
life in the ministr}', and is now about 84 years of age, honora- 
bly retired, and living in Philadelphia. His brother William 
likewise entered the ministr}-, and was ordained in 1869. His 
first charge was the Church of the Forks of Brandywine, Pa., 


and the second was Elktoii, Md. He is now Treasurer of the 
Board of Ministerial Relief. 

Mr. Heberton was succeeded b}' the Rev. James D. Hun- 
ter, who was called to this church in the fall of 1880. He was 
ordained and installed pastor of this charge November 30th, 
1880. Those taking part in the services were Rev. H. L. May- 
ers, Rev. Heber H. Beadle, Rev. H. E. Thomas, and Rev. 
Frank E. Miller, of Easton, Pa., by invitation. He graduated 
at Lafayette College in 1878; entered Union Theological Sem- 
inary, N. Y., the same year, and was licensed to preach bj the 
Presbytery of Lehigh, June 16th, 1880. 

During the first year of his ministry here, it pleased the Lord 
to pour out of His spirit most copiously upon the people, and 
a precious revival of religion followed. The extra services were 
continued for some considerable time, and the religious feeling 
that prevailed was intense. As the result of this special spirit- 
ual interest, sixty-six professed Christ before the world, and sat 
down to the table of the Lord for the first time. His ministry- 
continued about three years, in which he received eightj'-three 
into the church as the fruit of his labors. He was zealously- 
aflfected in every good work, which he prosecuted conscien- 
tiously and with commendable persistency. He resigned this 
pastorate in November, 1883, to accept a call to the Presbyte- 
rian Church of Greencastle, Pa., in the Presbytery of Carlisle. 

He began his ministrj' at Greencastle, in December, 1883, 
and was installed in April, 1884. Mr. Hunter preached an 
historical sermon in 1881, on the occasion of the celebration of 
the Centennial of Franklin count}'. Pa., which was afterwards 
published in the "Greencastle Church, in Franklin count}'." 
He is still laboring in the same charge with encouragement and 

A call was extended to your present pastor March 2r)th, 
1884, and accepted by him April 13th, 1884. He and his fam- 
ily moved into what is called the old parsonage, April 2rith, 
1884. The congregation kindly and generously defrayed .the 
expense of moving the furniture, which amounted to $20. The 
installation took place October 2Sth, 1884, the Rev. H. H. 
Beadle, Rev. L. E. Coyle and Rev. Wm. Y. Louderbough, con- 
ducting the services. By these figures it will be seen that a 


trifle over three years have elapsed since I came among you. 
The record must necessarily be a very short one. Eighteen 
persons were admitted into the church during the above period. 
This is not a very flattering exhibit of ingathering, but there 
is something more to be done by God's ministers besides gath- 
ering in the sheaves. One part of a ministers duty is to labor 
to build up God's people in holiness, and fit them for the respon- 
sible duties of life. I soon discovered on entering on my duties 
in this field that the condition of things and circumstances were 
such as not to warrant the indulgence of a hope for early and 
rapid growth, and large accessions to the fold of Christ. Old 
sores must be healed; into the wounds existing the oil of gospel 
grace must be poured; and the alienated must be brought 
together in love and friendship. To this work of establishing 
peace and harmony the present incumbent addressed and 
applied himself. The hope is now cherished that the object in 
a great measure has been accomplished; that peace, and union, 
and harmony, now prevail throughout our borders. If this be 
so, may we not then indulge the hope that in the near future 
the Lord has a rich blessing to bestow; that by fervent prayer, 
an abiding faith, and earnest and faithful preaching of the word, 
this old Tree, which we trust is of God's own right hand plant- 
ing, will yield an abundance of fruit, only the riper and better 
for the delay! The present roll of members is two hundred and 
fifty-six, including those on the reserved list. During my brief 
ministry here twenty-three marriages have been solemnized, 
and the parties entering into holy wedlock, sent on their way 
rejoicing. I also officiated at twenty-four funerals. But I 
must hasten on. A certain historian says, that no one can 
speak long of himself without being egotistical. 

Of all the ministerial laborers connected with the history 
of this old historic church, only two remain to-day to join with 
us in these anniversary services. The rest have all laid their 
armour by to dwell, as we trust, at peace with God. This is a 
faithful reminder, that we who survive this little army of noble 
soldiers of the cross, must soon succumb to the inevitable, and 
likewise fall on the battle-field of life. 

We must leave our history to be written by those who 
shall follow us, and take up the work where we left off". As 

we have been faithful to those who went before us, so they will 
do us justice when our bones lie mouldering in the dust. 

In glancing over the many ministerial changes which have 
occurred during these 150 years, and observing that there was 
but one pastorate that reached fifteen j^ears, the conclusion is 
arrived at that the outlook for the present pastor is not very 
flattering; or does not predict a very lengthy pastorate. "Who 
knows but there may be some one already at work in this con- 
gregation digging his grave to bury him to make room for his 
successor! But let us hope for better things. "VThj- indulge in 
a subject so sad and gloomy as this to-da^- — our happy Anni- 

In glancing over the past, we notice that all the ministe- 
rial laborers of this charge have been called from other parts 
of the vine3'ard of the Lord; perhaps fulfilling the saying that 
"a prophet is not without honor, save in his own country." 

But this church has not only been a receiver, enjoying the 
benefits of other mens' labors and talents; she has been likewise 
a producer; furnishing to the church at large talented men for 
the pulpit, and earnest workers for the pew. 

The Rev. David M. James, pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church at Bath, Pa., and his brother the Rev. "Wm. H. James, 
D. D., pastor of the Presb3terian Church at Springdale, Ohio, 
and also the Rev. John F. Sheppard, pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church at South Easton, are among those who have received 
their earliest religious impressions in this church, combined 
with good home influences; and have gone out from among us 
' to prepare for the gospel ministry, and have entered important 
and useful fields of labor, ^yhere they are doing a good work 
for the Master in their ministerial calling. 

The Rev. David M. James has long been in the ministry, 
and is at present occupj'ing his second field of labor only, which 
speaks exceedingly well for his wearing qualities. His brother, 
the Rev. Wm. H. James, D. D., has been twenty-one years in 
his present charge, which has been his first and only pastoral 
charge. His people very thoughtfully celebrated his 20th 
anniversary among them, at which time he and his wife were 
made the recipients of some handsome presents as an expres- 
sion of appreciation of his labors. 


The Kov. John F. Sheppard was ordained by the Presb}'- 
tery of Lehigh, in the synod of Pennsylvania, June 20th, 1881, 
and has been pastor of the Presbyterian Church at South Eas- 
ton ever since. 

Mr. John Dunlap, who has recenth^ graduated at Yale, 
and completed his theological studies, preparatory to the gos- 
pel ministry, although a member of the Woodstown Presbyte- 
rian Church, N. J., his parents and brother belong to this part 
of the famil}' of Christ. With rare natural endowments and 
a liberal education, his prospects for extensive usefulness are 
ver}- good. 

I learn also that the Her. Robert P. DuBois, now deceased, 
but for many years pastor of the Presb3'terian Church at New 
London, within the bounds of the Presbytery of Chester, Pa., 
was the son of Mr. Uriah DuBois, who at one time taught 
school in the district school house just above this church. Dr. 
F. L. DuBois, in Bridgeton, N. J., who now fills an important 
position under the Government, is the sou of Rev. Robert P., 
and grandson of Uriah. The Rev. Robert P. DuBois lived to 
a good and ripe old age. He was a useful man in his da}' and 
generation. He preached the gospel for many 3'ears, and was 
greatly beloved by the people of his charge at Xew London. 
His life and work are still fragrant in the memor}' of a grateful 
and appreciative people. 

The following are the names of the Ruling Elders who 
have served this church, as far as I have been able to secure 
them, viz: John Garrison, Jeremiah Foster, Arthur Davis,- 
Thomas Read, William Tullis, Ezekiel Foster, Recompense 
Leake, William Smith, John Stratton, William Garrison, Abner 
Smith, Joseph Moore, Ebenezer Lummis, Dr. Joseph Brewster, 
Nathaniel Diament, Ebenezer Harris, Ephraim Lummis, Noah 
Harris, Samuel Tliompson, Jonathan Smith, Benjamin Davis, 
William Garrison, Broadway Davis, Elijah 1). Riley, John 
More, John Davis, Ludlam Dare, Samuel Barker, Jeremiah 
Parvin, E. B. Davis, Archi1>ald Slump, David Paris, Aaron 
Padgett, Thomas Bowen, John Ott and Robert Peacock. These 
have all died, as we trust, in faith, and gone to join the four 
and twenty Elders that come around the throne of God and 


the Lamb, except E. B. Davis, David Paris, Aaron Padgett,* 
John Ott and Robert Peacock. The last four constitute the 
present session of the church. E. B. Davis is now living at 
Phillipsburg. He was ordained and installed an elder of this 
church December 16th, 1848. 

Archibald Shimp and David Paris were ordained and 
installed elders of this church on the 21st of May, 1854. Mr. 
Shimp died September 3d, 1883, having magnified his office and 
served the church faithfully in this capacity for about twenty- 
nine years. Aaron Padgett and Thomas Bowen were ordained 
and installed elders of the churcli February 9th, 1862. Mr. 
Bowen died December 30th, 1879, having served the church in 
this capacity for over seventeen years with great acceptance. 
In the death of these brethren the church sustained a heavy 
loss. David Paris and Aaron Padgett have both filled the 
office with credit to themselves and with satisfaction to the 
congregation — the former for thirty-three years and the latter 
for twenty-five years. John Ott and Robert Peacock were 
ordained and installed elders of the church April ITth, 1881. 
Experience shows that the selection was a good one; possessing 
sufficient coui-age and zeal to meet all the responsibilities of 
the office, and yet modest withal. Long may their lives be 
spared to be a blessing to this church, and be pillars in the 
house of our God. 

The Sabbath School of this church was first organized 
during Mr. Ballentine's ministry, on March 29th, 1820, in the 
District School House, a short distance above the church, with 
about sixty in attendance during the earl}- part of its history. 
It was first called "The Sabbath School Society of Deerfield 
Street, No. 1, in the Sundaj^ School Union of Cumberland 
Count}'." It was at first sustained by obtaining subscribers for 
its support. It appears that the society was in coiniection dur- 
ing its early years, with a Sunday School Union of Cumberland 
County, to which they annually, for seven years, elected a rep- 
resentative and paid an annual foe of one dollar, and receiving 
in return certain privileges. Up to the year 1841 the school 
had been regularly held in the Union School House. Then it 
was removed to the gallery of the church, where it was con- 
*El(.ler Aaron Padgett died Oct. 3d, 1887, about 78 years of age. 

tinned until the present chapel was built, -which it has occupied 
ever since. Up to the year 1865 the school was in session only 
through the six summer months of the year; since then the ses- 
sions have continued during the entire year. 

The following are the names of the Superintendents from 
the beginning of the school, viz: Samuel Thompson, Esq., 
Broadway Davis, ^Mark A. Peck, David 0. Garrison, John 
Davis, Elijah D. Kiley, James Davis, Samuel Barker, Mr. 01m- 
stead, Charles 0. Garrison, E. S. Corey, Ephraim T. Corey, 
Ephraim B. Davis, Ephraim Davis, David S. Finlc}', David 
Paris, Archibald Shimp, Joseph L. Davis, Alfred Davis, Elmer 
Biddlc, Dr. Charles C. Phillips, James Dunlap and George D. 
Davis; only twenty-three in all from 1820 to 1881 — stretching 
through sixtj'-seven 3'eurs. It was at first the custom to elect 
several Superintendents for the term, in order that they might 
alternate in conducting the school, and make it more certain 
to have a presiding oflicer in the event of absence. George D. 
Davis is the present Superintendent, and James F. Moore his 
assistant. The school is properly officered with a band of noble 
and faithful teachers, who are untiring in their eflTorts to lead 
the children and rising generation to the Saviour. The school 
numbers at present about one hundred and thirt}^ or more. 
The outlook for growth and usefulness is ver^'- hopeful. 

On the 30th of April, 1820, a Sabbath School was started 
at the West Branch School House, numbering about eighty-five 
scholars. John More was its first Superintendent, and served 
at least in that capacity for twentj'-five 3'ears. This was a 
branch school — being in sympathy' and aim with the church 
school. It was carried on faithfully and successfully during 
all these past years, until a lew years ago it mei'ged into the 
Deerfield Church School, ft)r tlie purpose of concentration of 
christian effort. 

The Harmon}^ Sabbath School, held in the District School 
House, about four miles distant from the church, which was 
organized in 1845, is a union enterprise. David Long was its 
first Superintendent. For some years past G. Wilberl Moore 
and John Ott have served in that capacitv — each presiding 
during alternate 3-ears. It is made up of Presbyterians and 
IjUtherans. A number of our people are usefullj^ employed on 


Sabbath afternoons at that place, and are doing a noble and 
self-denying work for the Master. The school numbers about 
-fifty-four. The average attendance is about forty-four. Dur- 
ing the Rev. R. Hamill Davis' ministry the "Elfie Mission 
Band" was organized, August 14th, 1872, with twent3'-four 
members; drawn principally from the Sabbath school or 
schools. It still has a living existence, and is doing a good 
work in aid of the Mission cause. Miss Ella F. Garrison was 
its first and much esteemed President. At present it is under 
the efficient supervision of Miss Belle Flanagan as President. 
Miss Mattie A. Biddle is Secretar}-, and Miss Lillie Ballenger 
is Treasurer. The band was named "Elfie" — called after a boat 
by that name, furnished the mission at Corisco, Africa, by the 
children of this countr}-. 

Under the same pastorate an "Auxiliary" to the "Woman's 
Foreign Missionarj- Society" was organized February 23d, 
1872. The number of persons induced to become members 
the first year was about sixty. Notwithstanding deaths and 
removals have thinned their ranks, reducing their members to 
between thirty and forty, I believe thej^ have never paid out 
less than $50 a year to the cause of Missions, except perhaps 
one 3"ear. No means is left untried to increase its membership, 
deepen the interest, and swell the contributions. With such 
a laudable object before the society as the salvation of the mil- 
lions of heathen, and especially the elevation of their own sex, 
I bespeak for it a bright and prosperous future. Mrs. R. Hamill 
Davis was its first President. The present officers are: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Cordelia M. Richer; Secretary, Mrs. Rhoda D. Moore; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Sarah M. Ott. 

There is in connection with the church also an "Aid Soci. 
ety," sometimes known as the "Church Sociable." The object 
of this association is to develop the social element of the 
congregation, and to raise funds by regular and small contribu- 
tions for such uses and improvements as the circumstances and 
condition of the congregation may require. The fund raised 
is supplementar}'- to the regular income of the church; and often 
comes to the relief of the church when embarrassed for the 
want of means. It accomplishes a good work, and ought to 
enlist the sympathies of the entire congregation. It was organ- 

ized March 13th, 1878, in the early part of Mr. Heberton's 
ministry. The whole amount raised from 1878 to 1887, only 
nine 3-ears, is $875.58. From members fees, $249.98. From 
festivals, $621.82, and by cash, $3.78. The present officers 
consist of: President, Mrs. A. J. Snyder; Secretary, Miss Mat- 
tie A. Biddle; Treasurer, Mrs. Cordelia M. Richer. 

Let us now take a brief survey of the church buildings, in 
which the congregations have worshipped, of which I have said 
nothing heretofore. Tradition sa3'& that in the year 1732 there 
came to this country from Scotland and the Xorth of Ireland 
and from Germany, a small colony of Presb3^terians, bringing 
their Bibles and catechisms in their trunks, and the Spirit of 
God in their hearts, and settled in what is now called Deerfield 
and Hopewell townships, then a wild wilderness, wooded with 
large timber and inhabited by Indians, with very little of the 
soil cleared. There was, however, a clearing not far from where 
tliis old stone church now stands, of some hundreds of acres of 
new land, and ver}' fertile, on which the grass grew luxuriant, 
and the wild deer came out into this clearing in large numbers 
to feed, from which the j)lace derived the name of Deerfield.* 
Those men distributed themselves; the}'- bought land in differ- 
ent parts of those two townships, as it is now arranged, and 
erected their log houses; for there were no other kind in those 
days. And when they procured houses for their families, they 
met together and concluded to erect a building for a school 
house, and in which they might also hold religious services. 
In that building the people met together for worship, some of 
them coming a long distance, and taking their turns in bring- 
ing their tallow candles, with which to light up the house for 
the evening service. Whether they had a preacher at that time 
or not we cannot tell, but we do know that they met together 
for worship, and their numbers increased until the little log 
school house became too small. In the year 1737 the}' were 

♦Thomas Rhourds' History and Genealoary of Feuwick's Colony 
says: About 1725 Beujamiu Davis purchased 1000 acres of laud in 
North Cohaiiscy preciuct of Dau. Cox, the great land speculator, a 
resident of Burleighton, for which he paid ten shilliugs per acre. The 
price which he paid Cox was considei'ed by tlie inhabitants of the pre- 
cinct VKKV DEAR ; licuce they called it a Deaukikld. Why the name 
has been changed to Deerkield I ean't imagine. In after time that 
and other lauds adjacent were set off as a township called Deereibld. 


organized into a church, and resolved to erect a church build- 
ing, which was known as the Log Church. The}^ came with 
their ox teams, for they had no others. They cut down the 
cedars and carted them to the place designated for the building. 
And log after log was hewn and notched, and dove-tailed 
together, and at last there appeared the beautiful Log Church 
in the forest.* The fathers dedicated it to the worship of 
Almighty God, and named it the Deerfield Presbyterian Church. 
And for thirty-four years they worshipped in the old Log 
Church, which stood in the adjoining grave yard, a little south 
of the present church building. It has nothing to mark its 
location, except the grave of John Leake, which is said to be 
beneath or near the old pulpit, at his own request. 

It would be a noble deed for the people of this generation 
worshipping here, to place a handsome monument over this 
grave, with suitable inscription upon it, which marks the spot 
where the old church stood, and where our ancestors worship- 
ped. Although not a vestige of the old Log Church remains, 
yet the old Brittannia Communion Service, supposed to be the 
first used by our forefathers, out of which they ate and drank 
in commemoration of the dying love of Jesus, may be seen on 
the table in front of this platform to-day.f Some years ago 
a new service was secured, and the old service placed in the 
hands of Dr. J. Barron Potter, of Bridgeton, K". J., for preser- 
vation, and to prevent their use for common vessels. 

If there is an}' reliance to be placed on tradition, the mem- 
bers of this church in its early history manifested a high appre- 
ciation of the gospel, and practiced great self-denial to hear it 
dispensed. Mr. Charles S. Tyler, son of the Rev. Benjamin 
Tyler, now deceased, but fifty years ago the pastor of this 
church, sends me the following: He says, "My mother has 
told me upon the authority of very old people in Deerfield, 
when she lived there, that a comqjon way of getting to Green- 
wich church from Deerfield, with those that had horses, was to 

*At this point a little Log Cabin was exhibited, made of the pith 
of corn stalks, to remind the congregation of the days of old, when 
their forefathers worshipped in the little Log Church. 

tit was placed ou the table on this occasion to exhibit for the 
gratification of the congregation assembled. 


ride and hitch. Part of the family would start on foot, and 
afterwards another or more would mount the horse or horses 
and ride on ahead of the others and hitch, and walk on. The 
others, when they reached the horse or horses, would mount 
and ride forward; and so continue until they reached the 
church." He says, "A mode of church going unheard of bj' 
the majority of people at this time." The probability is that 
the Greenwich church was connected with Deerfield church 
in one charge at the time referred to — a distance of about ten 

I am credibly and reliably informed also, that mothers 
with their children, and others also, would walk the entire dis- 
tance from Deerfield to Greenwich to a Sabbath morning ser- 
vice. In some instances they would carry their shoes and 
stockings until the}'- had almost reached the place of worship; 
then they would stop and wash their feet in the little stream bj' 
the wayside, put on their shoes and stockings, and appear in 
the house of God as clean and tidy as their neighbors, who 
might be more highly favored with greater facilities for travel. 
But time has brought with it great changes. A single mile is 
now considered almost too long a distance to walk to the "place 
where God's honor dwelleth and His name is recorded." New 
modes of locomotion have been devised, making it far easier 
and more convenient to reach the house of God. New methods 
also for heating the sanctuary have been discovered; insomuch 
that the ancient foot stove, at one time used in this place of 
worship, has been dispensed with; a sample of which may be 
seen on this platform to-day.* In the face of all these facts, 
"Say not thou, what is the cause that the former days were 
better than these ? for thou dost not inquire wisely concerning 
this."— Eccl. 7: 10. 

The present church building was erected in 1771; or rather 
the building of which this is the enlargement. It was accom- 
plished during the pastorate of the Rev. Enoch Green. Evi- 
dently the people struggled long and hard to secure their new 
church home. The edifice was 38 feet by 48 feet, with a curved 

*Oue of those aucient foot-stoves was secured from one of the 

fiimilics of the church and pUiced on the phitforni on this occasion for 
the curiositj' of the rising goucration. 












ceiling. In the course of some years it was remodeled inside, 
and a flat ceiling substituted in the place of the curved one. 
When the church was enlarged to its present size, the ceiling 
was^curved again as we now see it, and according to its origi- 
nal form. In 1852 a new roof was put on the building. The 
addition to the church of 25 feet, with a recess of 7 feet for the 
pulpit, was made during the ministry of Rev. Thomas W. Cat- 
tell. On Monday morning, August IGth, 1858, the first stones 
were taken out of the end wall; the estimated cost was about 
$3,000. The building committee consisted of the Trustees of 
the church, and are as follows, viz: David Padgett, Ephraim 
B. Davis, Robert More, Lucius Moore and Arthur Davis. 

Fortunately for the church, at this time she had an accu- 
mulated fund at interest of about $2,850, which was used to 
cover the expenses of enlargement and improvement. The 
fund referred to was obtained from the sale of timber from the 
eighty acres of woodland in possession of the church — property 
secured by ohr forefathers and handed down to us as a legacy 
for the use of religious purposes. 

During the ministry of the Rev. James D. Hunter some 
extensive improvements were made, at a cost of from five to 
seven hundred dollars. The walls were newly frescoed, the 
wood-work painted, the pulpit changed, and the recess fitted up 
for the choir. In addition to this an old debt of three hundred 
dollars was cancelled about the same time. 

During the present pastorate, near $300 was raised and 
expended on this building in making alterations and improve- 
ments—the people giving cheerfully and liberally. The floor 
of this church had never been carpeted, except the aisles and 
pulpit platform, until last spring, when the entire floor was 
covered over with a rich and beautiful carpet. At the same 
time the doors of the pews were removed, the pews re-num- 
bered, and partitions placed beneath all the pews. There is 
another improvement that might be made, and which would 
add very much to the beauty of this ancient structure, and 
serve likewise a valuable purpose; I mean a suitable tower, 
with a sweet-toned bell hanging in it, to call the people to the 
house of God. This would not disturb the sleeping dead who 
repose in their dustv beds, but it might be instrumental in 

awakening some sleeping soul, and bringing to the enjoyment 
of spiritual life those who are dead in trespasses and sins. 

The question of building a chapel to be used in connection 
with the Deerfield Presbyterian Church, was agitated as far 
back as the year 1858, when the Rev. Thomas W. Cattell was 
pastor, who recommended the starting of a fund to be used 
for that purpose. Nothing was accomplished in the way of 
getting a building until the year 1873, when a festival was held 
to establish a fund for the object in view. The money realized 
at the fair and festival was loaned out for a time, and when 
paid in the principal and interest amounted to $346. In the 
spring of 1878, the Rev. E. P. Heberton, (who was pastor at 
that time), agitated the matter, and at the annual meeting held 
April 27th, 1878, the following named gentlemen were appoin- 
ted a committee to contract for and erect a suitable structure 
in which to hold Sabbath School, evening meetings, lectures, 
&c., viz: Rev. E. P Heberton, Edo 0. Leake, Elmer Biddle, 
Moses Peacock, Sr., and Robert More. The Chapel was erec- 
ted and is 30 feet b}^ 50 feet, with 14 feet posts, and a vestibule 
H^ feet in width. The contractors for the building were the 
firm of Conover & Ackley, of Bridgeton, N. J. The cost of 
the building was $1317; the cost of the furniture, including the 
blinds, was $324.40, making in all $1641.40. The two stoves 
included in the furniture were a present from Elmer Biddle, and 
cost $25. In addition to the above there are two organs used 
in the chapel; the cost of the larger one was $200, and the cost 
of the smaller one was $20. The Treasurer, Edo 0. Leake, 
made this verj'' cheering and satisfactory statement, he says: 
"When the building was finished it was all paid for and $10 left 
on hand." An unusual experience! Reall}', this is something 
new under the sun! But the most surprising thing is that this 
church did not avail herself of this great convenience many 
years sooner. I do not know that the treasurer of the church 
to-day can rejoice in a surplus, as in the case above; but I am 
happ}-^ to announce on this Anniversary occasion, that the 
church is entirely free of all debt. I apprehend that it has been 
characteristic of this church to guard against such inconveni- 
ences. Thirty dollars was expended last summer in painting 


the walls of the chapel to give them a more attractive appear- 
ance and better finish. 

I almost failed to note that about the same time a neat 
chandelier, with three burners, was purchased and suspended 
from the arch of the recess of the church for the benefit of the 
choir and speaker; besides, six additional burners were secured 
for the main part of the audience room. The cost of the above 
improvement was about $20, and was paid by the Aid Society. 

The Rev. Enoch Green was the first pastor who occupied 
a parsonage in this charge, or Deerfield Presbyterian Church. 
It consisted of fifty acres of land, with a brick house and other 
needed improvements. In the course of about fift3^ years, and 
during Mr. Ballentine's ministry, the brick house gave way to 
a frame building, well constructed, on a more beautiful site, and 
a little farther north of the stream. The building still stands, 
now over sixty years since its erection. This property was used 
as a parsonage, or home for the pastor of the church, until the 
present pastorate, when the subject of a change was extensively 
agitated throughout the congregation; most of them favored 
the change, and yet there were a few exceedingly loath to part 
with the old parsonage. They loved it — their souls, as it were, 
cleaved unto it. Like the Psalmist, when he said: "Mj' soul 
cleaveth unto the dust." — Psalm 119: 25. And no wonder, it 
was a beautiful spot. It had been in possession of the church 
one hundred and thirty years, handed down to them by their 
forefathers, to be used for such a purpose. But the contem- 
plated change did not imply alienation of the property; only 
that the proceeds of the farm be invested in another home, 
more suitable for the pastor in these times. 

At a meeting of the congregation held August, 1884, it 
was decided, if the way be clear, to sell the farm and secure 
another property to be used as a parsonage, and the trustees 
of the church were appointed a committee to carry out the 
wishes of the congregation. The trustees at this time consisted 
of Enoch Riley, Edo 0. Leake, George D. Davis, Daniel Pad- 
gett and Elijah R. Parvin. In a very short time about an acre 
of ground was purchased of Elijah R. Parvin, to be used for 
the purpose, for the sum of $400, situated in the southern part 
of the village of Deerfield. Arrangements were entered into at 

once to erect suitable buildings thereon. Mr. A. F. Randolph, 
of Bridgeton, N. J., contracted for the work, which was begun 
and carried on so speedil}' as to enable the present pastor to 
take possession on the 18th day of March, 1885. The old par- 
sonage was sold at public sale on the 18th day of December, 
1884, to Lewis M. Brooks, for $62 per acre, amounting to 
$3100; Mr. Charles Barker was the auctioneer. The new prop- 
erty cost, including the land, about $3,287.65, and is a conve- 
nient and very desirable place of residence; I may say it is a 
model home. To make up the deficiency to pay for the cost of 
the new propert}', a sufficient amount of timber was sold from 
the woodland to cover the additional expense; hence it is free 
i'rom debt, and made so without burdening a single member of 
the congregation. One hundred dollars was added to the pas- 
Ttor's salary b}' a considerate people, who thoughtfully consid- 
ered the shrinkage of his income by the change. I may add 
here, that ever since some time during Mr. Davis' ministry, 
•only seven acres of the fifty in the farm were cultivated by the 
pastor, he wishing less care; the balance of the farm was used 
for the benefit of the church. It was not until the year 1810, 
•during Rev. Nathaniel Reeve's ministry, that the church became 
aji incorporated body, and a Board of Trustees was elected. 
"Before this period the congregation appointed committees to 
attend to the temporalities of the church. 

The present Board of Trustees consists of Daniel Padgett, 
Elijah R. Parvin, Charles D. Moore, Joseph L. Davis and G. 
Wilbert Moore; one trustee is elected annually to serve for five 
years. The present organist is Miss Anna P. Veal, who has 
served faithfully for the past three years. Her immediate 
predecessor was Miss Ella Moore, (now Mrs. Davis); she 
served for a short period of time and did her part well. Pre- 
vious to this Miss Juliet Moore occupied the position for twelve 
years, and with great acceptance. Mr. Wm. Laning is the pres- 
ent efficient leader of the choir, and has filled that position for 
the past five or six 3'ears. Mr. Elijah R. Parvin was his prede- 
cessor, who held the position for sixteen years. His long con- 
tinued and self-denying labors need no comment; they speak for 
themselves. For the past five j-ears a musical committee appoin- 
ted bj' the congregation, selects the members of the choir. 


Elijah R. Parvin is the present sexton, and has occupied 
that position for the last fifteen years. During that period he 
has opened one hundred and forty-seven graves, and all but 
two in the yard on the eastern side of the street. His prede- 
cessor was Mr. David Ott. 

In the early history of the church the salary of the sexton 
was only $6 a year, it has now reached $75 a j'ear; and is still 
too limited for the amount of labor required. 

If time and space would allow, we might speak of men 
born and reared in this community with lai'ge mental capacity 
and endowments, and who filled very important positions in 
this and other localities. But I cannot resist the temptation 
to refer to a few. The first I shall notice is Dr. Holmes Parvin. 
One of his successors, Dr. Charles C. Phillips, pays the follow- 
ing tribute of respect to him: In a Sabbath School address, 
delivered in 1876, he says, "Holmes Parvin, a name familiar to 
all, was born in this county December 7th, 1794. After re- 
ceiving an English education, he attended the medical lectures 
in the University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1815. 
He immediately commenced and continued to practice in this 
village until 1829, when he emigrated West, settling in 1830 in 
Cincinnatti, where he soon had an extensive practice, but which 
in 1836 he abandoned to give himself up to other pursuits; espec- 
ially to investigate his favoiite science ol electricity. Long 
before Professor Morse's name had any connection with the 
telegraph. Dr. Parvin had commenced, and so far perfected his 
instruments as to communicate with adjoining rooms, and 
prophesied to his friends that the time would come when we, by 
electricity, would communicate with our most distant accpiaint- 
ances. They thought him mad, but we of to-day see his prophecy 
verified. To continue his experiments and communicate his 
theories to scientific men, he removed in 1838 to Pliihuk-lphia, 
but his health soon failing, he removed again in 1840 to Cin- 
cinnatti, where he died February 6th, 1842, leaving two chil- 
dren, one of whom. Rev. Robert J. Parvin, an Episcopal Cler- 
gyman, recently perished in the flames of a burning steamer on 
the Ohio river." Dr. Parvin was intimately associated with the 
Sabbath School of this church. 

Neither would this liistory be complete without making 

allusion to such men as Col. David Moore and his son Dr. Sam- 
uel Moore. Mr. C. S. Tyler, of Greenwich, gives me the fol- 
lowing information: He saj-s, "From one of the oldest of the 
Deerfield families was descended Mary Seeley, wife of Rev. 
Mr. Tyler; her mother Elizabeth Moore, was the only daughter 
of Col, David Moore, an officer of artiller}' in the Continental 
Army, who, after recovering at home, where he was allowed to 
be nursed, from a grape shot wound received at the battle of 
Germantown, returned to the service of his country. During 
the dark night of September 18th, 1777, when over-confidence 
and wine had led General Wayne, at the Paoli Tavern, Chester 
county, into the neglect of duty, and enabled General Grey, of 
the British army, to surprise and massacre many of our forces, 
even after numbers of them had surrendered. Col. Moore, with 
Captain John Beat}-, were the only ones that succeeded in sav- 
ing a cannon from the hands of the enem}-. And to his son. 
Dr. Samuel Moore, virtually belongs the honor of the famous 
Missouri compromise measure. Born in Deerfield February 
8th, 1774, he graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 
1791, where he afterwards served as tutor. In 1796, after a 
thorough course of study, he graduated in medicine. After 
commencing the practice of his profession in Bucks County, 
Pennsylvania, his health failed; and by the advice of Dr. Rush 
he sailed for Canton, and with such happy results, that he 
afterwards made four other voyages to Canton, and one to 
Calcutta. In 1808 he settled permanently in Bucks Count}', 
where his upright life and remarkabl}' winning manners joined 
to unobtrusive ability, gained him such influence among all 
classes, that in 1818, while absent upon business in the west, he 
was nominated by the Whigs and elected to Congress, and 
twice re-elected. In 1824 he was appointed b}^ President Mon- 
roe, Director of the Mint, which office he continued to hold 
during the administration of Mr. Adams, and part of that of 
General Jackson, who refused to pay any attention to the many 
efforts made to disi)Iace him. When informed b\- Dr. Moore 
of his desire to leave the Mint, the President requested him to 
keep the matter a secret until a successor was selected, and 
asked Dr. Moore to name a suitable person for tlie office, when 
at his suggestion his brother-in-law. Dr. Patterson, was appoin- 

ted, the public first learned of a contemplated change. Upon 
leaving that office he was honored with a complimentary testi- 
monial of General Jackson's esteem. 

It was owing mainl}- to his efforts that the appropriation 
from Congress was secured for the building of a new Mint, and 
under the immediate superintendence of Dr. Moore, that the 
present Mint on Chestnut street was erected, and the works 
removed from the old building on Seventh street. Dr. Moore 
retired from the Mint in 1835, and became President of the 
Hazleton Coal Company, which position he retained until the 
time of his death, February 18th, 1861. Although in his 
eightA'-eighth year when he died, he seemed never to grow old 
through the loss of interest in knowledge in all its departments 
at home and abroad. At his death he and Professor Silliman? 
of Yale College, were the oldest members of the American 
Philosophical Society. 

It was during his service in Congress that the celebrated 
Missouri Controversy arose. In its settlement none took more 
interest than Dr. Moore, who was one of the select committee 
to whom the subject was referred. After the failure of all 
other efforts for peace, he suggested and presented to Mr. Clay, 
in the form of a resohition, the measure which that great states- 
man brought forward for the settlement of that controversy^ 
and which was finally accepted February 27th, 1821. After 
the act was passed Mr. Clay, with highly complimentarj- 
remarks, handed the original draft to Dr. Moore, adding: "Take 
this paper home with you and preserve it for your children." 

While a daughter could say of him, 'I never heard him 
say a foolish thing,' Dr. Moore was always attractive to old 
and young alike, as a companion, gentleman and christian. A 
man of whom any place might be proud as having given him 

But I must now draw my remarks to a close; pardon me 
for having wearied your patience and trespassed so long upon 
your time. In the limited time allotted me on this occasion, I 
could barely give an outline of the history of this part of God's 
Zion, which stretches over nearly five generations. 

How rapidly we have passed the milestones to-day in our 
march along the line of the Church's History. We have observed 


one generation after another of workers pass awa^', while others 
have been raised up to fill their places; and so the work goes 
on in the midst of the many and serious changes. Rich and 
precious fruit have we been permitted to pluck to-day from 
this old tree, planted here one hundred and fifty 3'ears ago, 
whose roots strike deeper and deeper, and whose branches 
extend farther and farther, and which is destined to bring forth 
fruit in old age. The tall and large oaks of four score must 
decay and pass awa}^, but the church will continue to be fat and 
fiourishing — she will bring forth fruit in old age. Exposed 
both to fire and storm, this church building, or part of it, has 
stood for one hundred and sixteen years, and by God's pro- 
tecting care may stand many more. But the church proper, in 
her organic form, has passed through many and severe forms 
of trial, and yet survived them all. Adverse circumstances 
have frequent!}' overtaken her in her onward march; false and 
untrue friends have cast the shadows of discouragement and 
despondency across her pathway. Deaths and removals have 
thinned the ranks of the soldiers of the cross and weakened the 
forces of the workers in the vineyard, and 3^et the church has 
strengthened and increased with the increase of her 3-ears, as 
she comes up from the wilderness leaning upon her beloved. 

When we consider that the church on earth and the church 
in heaven are one, then it is clearly' to be seen that the church's 
loss on earth is but the church's gain in heaven. Truly says 
the poet : 

"One family we dwell in Him, 

One church above, beneath; 

Though now divided by the stream, 

The narrow stream of death. 

One arm}^ of the livijng God, 

To his command we bow; 

Part of his host have crossed the flood. 

And part are crossing now. 

Ten thousand to their endless home 
This solemn moment fl}-; 
And we are to the margin come. 
And we expect to die." 


As we look back over the past to-day, we cannot fail to 
enumerate many scenes, both painful and joyous. We therefore 
mingle our tears of sorrow with our feelings of joy. You can- 
not fail to call to mind when death robbed you of some of the 
dearest earthly objects of your affection, and sorrow filled your 
heart. Every time 3'ou visit their graves a new pang of grief 
pierces your soul, but many and rich have been your experi- 
ences of joy also in your connection with the church here on 
earth. As you glance over the past 3'ou are able to recount 
at least some of God's dealings of love and merc}'. You have 
had 3^0ur seasons of refreshing from the presence of the Lord; 
our Heavenly Father has answered 3'our praj-ers, and the Spirit 
of God has been poured out in copious showers, and your sons 
and daughters have come from afar, and been gathered into the 
fold of Christ; and when the bands that have bound you to 
earth have been snapped asunder, it has only been to multiply 
the ties in heaven. With all these rich blessings of the past, 
which have made us what we are, what is the future likelj' to 
be? From the past, I venture to judge the future will be still 
more glorious. I apprehend the church shall flourish like the 
palm tree, and grow like the cedars in Lebanon. She has kept 
pace with the progress of events, and with the developments of 
the arts and sciences ; indeed she has been, with Christ as her 
head, at the bottom of all true science and development. 

And now with these thousands of broad acres of fertile 
land surrounding this cherished spot, all dotted over with beau- 
tiful and convenient farms, occupied with an intelligent and 
God loving people, with increasing advantages for giving your 
children a liberal education, favored also with a faithful gospel 
ministry proclaiming the standards of the church in all their 
purity and simplicity, and with God's blessing resting upon 
3'Our labors, I predict a still grander future for the church than 
the past; increased prosperity and liberality, a more thorough 
consecration to the work at home, and a more intense love and 
devotion to the work of saving the millions of heathen abroad. 

However rich and grand the past has been, the future 
must necessarily be still more bright and hopeful, because the 
facilities for enlargement are increasing with the growth of 
years. Your most desirable pews are occupied and even crow- 


ded, and more are needed to supply the demand. The remov- 
als by death and otherwise cause no diminution in the size of 
our congregations. 

A word of counsel from one who has already become 
warmly attached to this portion of the Lord's vineyard, I pre- 
sume will not be considered as an intrusion. Fathers and 
mothers in Israel, 3'oung men and maidens, and also little chil- 
dren, let me urge upon you the necessit}^ of loving 3'our church; 
the church your fathers loved; it is the birth-place of your soul; 
let it be as 

•'Dear as the apple of thine ej'e. 

And graven on thy hand." 
Let your post of duty always be filled, "Whatsoever your 
hands find to do do it with all your might." Never fail to let 
3'our voice be heard in behalf of Zion; for her welfare let your 
pra3'ers ascend; consecrate 3'ourselves wholl}^ to her service, but 
above all, love the Saviour who hath bought her with his own 
most precious blood. Then with the great apostle of the Gen- 
tiles shall we be able to "rejoice evermore." Therefore, 

Joyful joj'ful let us be. 
On this Anniversary' Daj^; 
Three times fifty are our j-ears, 
With no cause for shedding tears. 

God has brought us safely through 
All these years of trial too; 
Having reached this good old age, 
Adding now another page. 

With the record of the past, 
Showing so much of God's grace; 
We can safely trust Him now. 
And perform to Him our vow. 

Let us then fresh courage take. 
In God's work for Jesus' sake; 
Trusting in the Saviour's love, 
'I'ill we all shall meet above. 



Substance of an Address on PvEcollections of Deerfield 

Presbyterian Church, by Rev. R. Hamill 

Davis, Ph. D. 

It were a strange heart that beats within me, if it did not 
beat faster here to-day; if, on this interesting historic occasion, 
and amid these suggestive surroundings, I coukl stand before 
you, without the throb of a more than ordinar}' emotion. Who 
is there, of all this assembly, that does not feel the inspiration 
of the hour? and who, among you, feels it more than I ? 

Your invitation to join you and take some part in these 
exercises I gladly accepted. Your pastor has riveted your 
attention, as he has traversed, so ably and so fully, this long 
century and a half of 3'ears, in which God has protected and 
prospered this venerable church. And now, giving myself up to 
the past which we have had in common here, I j^ropose to 
indulge for a little while in the "Recollections" that it brings. 
And how they come thronging upon me, at the bidding of bus}' 
faithful memory! 

In the line of pastors who have come and gone, I occupy 
a somewhat isolated position. When I came to you, my two 
immediate predecessors were at work in other fields. One of 
them, the Rev. J. W. E. Kerr, now sleeps in the old church 
3'ard, among your kindred, and the people to whom he faith- 
fully and ably preached the gospel for many years. The other, 
I hoped to meet here to-day, but only a few weeks ago death 
came to the Rev. Dr. T. W. Cattell, in the midst of an active 
and honorable service, and he too sleeps in the grave. One of 
my two immediate successors, the Rev. W. II. Dinsmore, had 
but fairly entered upon his work here, with promise of great 
usefulness, when he was cut down, in your midst, by the hand 
of death. The other, the Rev. E. P. Ilcberton, a man of 
brilliant parts, whose monument is yonder chapel, not very long 
after he left you found a grave in the sunny South. Now all 
this seems to sound of the long ago, and yet it has not been 

veiy man}- years since I first stepped on Deerfield soil; and 
though I stand before 3'ou, with the few stray locks that are 
left, already whitened, yet it is not the frost of life's Winter, but 
rather of the early Autumn that has touched them. But all this 
in passing, I am not a boy an}- longer, I felt more like that 
when I came to you, fresh from my scholastic life, an inexperi- 
enced young man, twent^'-seven j^ears ago. I had a great deal 
to learn, and I learned it; I left 3'ou a wiser man than I came. 
I wonder that you bore with me so kindly-; it may be that my 
worst faults came first, and I corrected them as the 3^ears rolled 
on. I well remember my first visit; it was a gloomy day in 
April, 18G0. The daj' gave color to my first impressions of 
Deerfield; but before I left I was drawn toward the people and 
the church and consented to repeat my visit. The next time 
it was a bright sunn}^ day; the birds sang in the trees, the air 
was redolent with the fragrance of blossoms, and the fields- 
were green. The people received me kindly, my heart warmed 
toward them, and I felt within me that if they called me I 
would come. The}- did call me, and I came. 

Of those who then constituted the Presbytery of West 
Jersey, but one still answers to his name, the Rev. A. H. 
Brown, who well deserves to be called our "Ecclesiastical His- 
torian" in New Jerse}-, and has been wisely- chosen to take an 
important part in these exercises to-day. 

Of the session that rallied around the new pastor, only- 
one, m}^ old neighbor, David Paris, remains. 

And the congregation, 0! the congregation! I see them 
still, as they were wont to appear in other da3's, but I look, in 
vain, among 3-0U now, for vanished forms that come not back 
again. There is scarcely' a house in this whole congregation 
that Death has not entered since first 1 looked in upon the liv- 
ing ones. If we were to let the great Conqueror lead us along 
from home to home, at almost every door, he would grimly 
boast of his triumphs. 

Then there are reminiscences of blessed memory that we 
gratefully recall to-da\^, times when the Spirit's presence was 
powerfully manifested among us; but, as a general fact, they 
kept gradually' dropping into the fold, so that there were rarely 
two successive communion seasons without some additions ta 


the church. Individual cases of peculiar interest come to my 
mind just now, but I cannot even allude to them here. It is a 
great pleasure, though not without its sadness, to go with you 
into this past, where we have so much in common. But it is 
not necessary to come back to Deerfield to have the reminis- 
cences awakened. They have often come to me when far awa}-, 
and if I should go to the ends of the earth, I would carr}'- with 
me Deerfiejd, the old church, the old parsonage near the 
stream, and the old familiar forms and faces, on to the end of 
my pilgrimage. There arc some memories that fade not with 
years; some photographs that no future can harm; some im- 
pressions that time cannot efface. 

Just here, I know that you will pardon a very personal 
reminiscence. For nearly two years I lived among jny people 
a bachelor, shy of the young ladies, fond of the little girls. 
One Sabbath I announced that I would be absent for a few 
weeks, and a good lady, as I passed down the aisle, playfully 
remarked, "I believe you are going to get married," and sure 
enough, it was not long before I brought from the city a young 
inexperienced maiden, whom I have ever since been proud to 
call my wife; and so it is to me a happy circumstance, that our 
■"silver wedding" coincides with the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of the old church. And there could be no better 
place and time for me to testify, that if God has made me useful 
and happ3^ here, or anywhere, it is due in the largest measure, 
to the true wife, who alike in sunshine and under the clouds, 
has stood faithfully at my side, and who comes back to-day 
with a heart that warms to you as to no other people on the 
face of the earth, our first church love, and the old Parsonage, 
where all our birdlings were nestled. Is it any wonder that it 
still has to us the charm with which only such associations can 
invest it? We left with the nest unbroken, but some of j'ou 
remember the fair little blue-eyed girl, who spent seven bright 
summers among you, and used to play under the willows; she 
and her sister were the last of the little girls that played under 
those willows before the woodman's axe cut them down, and 
she now lives where the angels live. 

But time passes on, and we must drop these reminiscences. 
Some day in that wonderful 20th century, of whose dawn we 


already catch somewhat the first glimmering light, the people 
will come, we trust, as we come to-day, to the two hundredth 
anniversary of the old church of Deerfield, but we shall not be 
here. Some of these children will still be this side the River, 
but most of us will be over on the other shore. What the great 
developments of the world's history are to be the next fifty 
years we cannot tell, God only knows. In the shaping of that 
history, among the vast multitudes of Earth, but little, com- 
paratively, depends on what your hands may find to do — but 
not so with this old church of your fathers. Whether the men 
and women of Deerfield in 1937 are to hang their harps upon 
the willows, and weep when they remember Zion, or take their 
harps and touch the cords, and make the air vocal with their 
songs of joy as you do here to-day, will depend largely upon 
your fidelity to your heaven-appointed trust. You are the 
keepers of this ancient church; keep it for Christ and the gen- 
erations yet unborn. 



Brief Remarks by the Hon. Clifford Stanley Sims of 
Mount Holly, X. J. 

My friends, it would be very difficult, if not impossible, for 
me to describe to you my emotions as I stand here in the 
church which was the last cbarge of my great-great grandfather, 
the Reverend John Brainerd, and where he lies buried. 

There should, however, be no feeling of pride on account 
of descent from such a man, but rather a feeling of determina- 
tion to endeavor to alwaj's remember his Godly life and to seek 
to emulate it. 

There is but little I can tell you beyond what you already 
know regarding him. He was born in Haddam, Connecticut, 
Februar}'- 28th, 1720; entered Yale College in 1742, and gradu- 
ated from there in 1746; was licensed as a Minister of the Gos- 
pel in 1747; was a Trustee of Princeton College from 1754 until 
his death; was a Chaplain in the army in 1759, in the Old French 
War; and was the Moderator of the Old Synod of New York and 
Philadelphia in 1762; but it is principally as an earnest mission- 
ary in this State that we know of him, and the Presbyterian 
Church in West Jersey owes much to his self-sacriiicing labor. 

He was an ardent patriot during the Revolutionary War; 
in 1776 he preached at Blackwoodtown a sermon from Psalm 
cxliv, 1, "Blessed be the Lord my strength: who teachcth 
my hands to war and my fingers to fight," and appealed to his 
congregation to enlist and fight for their country. Finally the 
British forces burnt his church and house at Mount Holly, and 
in 1777 he removed here and took charge of this church; and 
here, March 18th, 1781, he died. 

Though a stranger to you all, I venture to urge one thing, 
namely, that it is almost a duty that some steps should be taken 
to place in print, and so preserve, a record of the celebration 
here to-day of an event as remarkable in this country as the one 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the Deerfield Church. 



On "The Presbyterian Church in South Jersey, its Ori- 
gin AND Progress." 

The term South Jersey is here applied to all of New Jer- 
sey, south of a line drawn from Sandy Hook through Amboy 
to Bordentown. Ecclesiastically, it contains the Presbyteries 
of Monmouth and West Jersey. These two Presbyteries cover 
nine and a half counties, or more than all the combined territory 
of the six other Presbyteries of the Synod of New Jersey.* 

Among the early settlers of South Jerse}' were Friends or 
Quakers, Baptists, and Episcopalians. Some emigrants came 
from Sweden; Huguenots from France; the Reformed from Hol- 
land; Presbyterians came from England, Scotland and Ireland, 
while from New England and by the way of Long Island, many 
came to our coast, ascended its rivers where now familiar names 
of persons and places indicate the origin of the first settlers. 

Assembled to celebrate the one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versary of the organization of the Deerfield Church, let us go 
back a hundred 3'ears or more to learn the condition of the 
country. In the last century there must have been an intimate 
relation between the Egg Harbour district, and Pittsgrove and 

Enoch Green having been licensed to preach in 1761, 
labored in Egg Harbour, how long we know not. Thence he 
was called to settle at Deerfield, and was installed in 1107. He 
died December 2, 1776. 

John Brainerd, failing in health, was called from Egg 
Harbour missions in 1777, to succeed Mr. Green at Deerfield, 
but was not installed. Here he died in 1781. Both these men 
were buried in this church, beneath the aisles, which were orig- 
inally paved with bricks. Can we recall them fi-om the grave? 
Enoch Green! John Brainerd! In the spirit world are they 
cognizant of these scenes? However that ma}- he, the}' being 
dead, yet speak to us by their deeds and writings. 

♦Oinitliiii; the Prcsbytory of Corisco in Africa. 


In August, 1761, John Brainerd wrote to Mrs, Smith, * 
"I spend something more than half my Sabbaths here at Broth- 
erton, the rest are divided. At this place I have but few white 
people. The other places are in the midst of the inhabitants, 
and whenever I preach there I have a large number of white 
people that meet to attend divine service. But besides these, 
I have preached at eight different places on Lord's daj's, and 
near twenty on other da^-s of the week, and never fail of a con- 
siderable congregation, so large and extensive is this vacancy. 
Two large counties and a considerable part of two more almost 
wholly destitute of a preached gospel, except what the Quakers 
do in their way, and many of the people but one remove from 
a state of heathenism." 

John Brainerd's letter to Enoch Green, earlier in the same 
year, (June 1861), illustrates both the destitutions of the coun- 
tr}- and how diligently those men labored to supply the peo- 
ple with the gospel. The field is from Toms River to Tucka- 
hoe. He mentions onW one meeting house, but gives the 
names of seventeen heads of families, at whose houses meetmgs 
are usually held, viz: at Toms River, Goodluck, Baruegat, 
Manahockiug, Wading River, Great Egg Harbour and Tuck- 
ahoe, and advises Mr. Green to make appointments for ^Ir. 
Smith and Mr. McKnight, who will succeed him. 

Although Dr. Thomas Brainerd published the life of John 
Brainerd in a large volume, (492 pages) full justice has not yet 
been done to his memor3^ 

In 1886 Judge Joel Parker delivered at Mount Holly an 
address, recounting the work of John Bniinenl, and the obliga- 
tion of the churches of other denominations in that region to 
his abundant labors. He quotes from a n^narkable diary dis- 
covered since Dr. Brainerd published the life of John Brainerd. 
That journal was brought from London by Doctor George 
Macloskie, when he came to Princeton college. The little book 
mentioned Princeton, but not the name of the writer. In 
Princeton, it was proven to be John Brainerd's Journal from 
January 1761 to October 1762. It is the more valuable because 
Doctor Brainerd, in his memoir, gives little notice of 1761, and 
of the year 1762 says, we have no report of Mr. Brainerd's mis- 
sionary labors this j^ear. 

*See Sprague's Auuals, volume 3, page 152. 


The Diary gives a daily account of incessant itinerant 
work. Thus Brainerd visited Bridgetown, (now Mount Holly); 
Bordentown, Wepiuk, Timber Creek, Woodbury, Salem, Penu's 
Xeck, Cape May, Great Egg Harbour, the Forks of the Little 
Kgg Harbour, Cedar Bridge, Mannahawkin, Toms River, 
extending over a wide district. He attends to the repair of 
meeting houses at Timber Creek and Woodbury, promotes a 
subscription for the support ot the Gospel in various places, 
and at Great Egg Harbour secured a subscription of £80 annu- 
ally for the support of the Gospel ministrj-. Well does Doctor 
Macloskie say, "The Journal furnishes a striking picture of 
missionary zeal, such as had few parallels in the centurj^ to 
which it belonged." 

The Journal of Philip T. Fithian sheds light upon the pro- 
gress of the Presbyterian Church up to the Kevolutionar}- War. 
He and Enoch Green married daughters of Beatty. Both were 
Chaplains in the arm}'. Both died of camp fever. At White 
Plains Mr. Fithian fought in the ranks. In 1TV5, or fourteen 
3-ears after Mr. Green's first missionary tour above mentioned, 
Mr. Fithian visited a portion of the same district, viz: Egg Har- 
bour and the Forks, and proves that several houses of worship 
had been erected in the interval. Besides preaching at private 
houses, Mr. Fithian preached at Mr. Clark's little log meeting 
house; also at Brotherton and at Clark's Mill meeting house, 
and at Blackman's meeting house. Other churches are known 
to have been erected, though not mentioned by Mr. Fithian. 

Thus have we noticed the diligent work of itinerants, and 
the progress of the Presb^'terian church up to the Revolution- 
ary War. Then followed times of trial and retrogression, dis- 
aster and decline. New Jersey was a battle field. The Pres- 
byterian Church suffered much from the long desolating war, 
and was impoverished in men and means. None exceeded 
John Brainerd in zeal for independence. His churches among 
the Indians disappeared with them. His church at Mount 
Holly was burned. Rev. Charles McKnight preached at Mid- 
dletown Point, Shrewsbury and Shark River. He was seized 
by the British and his church was burned. He died soon after 
his release in 1178.* Crosswick's church ceased to exist. The 

*See Webster's Histoiy, page 48fi. 

site of a church at Middletown is now a tangled thicket. 
That of Shark River is an open common. The location of Bar- 
negat church, mentioned in Webster's History and in John 
Griffith's Journal, has not yet been identified. A few grave 
stones mark the ground which John Leake by his will gave 
for a Presbyterian meeting house at Wading River in 1777. 
All the above mentioned were located in the territor}- of the 
present Monmouth Presbytery. The churches which survived 
the war in that portion of South Jersey and came down from 
the last centui'y were Shrewsbury, wliich at one time was aluaost 
extinct; old Tennent, (or Freehold), Cranbury and AUentown. 

In the territory of the present West Jersey Presbytery, 
we look in vain for Mr. Clark's little log meeting house. A bu- 
rial ground marks the site of Clark's Mill meeting housej and 
Blackman's meeting house fell into the possession of the Meth- 
odist Church. Long ago the churches of Longacomiiig, Aloes- 
Creek and Penn's Neck or Quihawken disappeared. The 
churches which came down to us from the last century now 
existing in West Jersey Presbytery, are Woodbury, Black- 
woodtown, Pittsgrove, Deerfield, Greenwich, Bridgeton, Fair- 
field, (or Cohansey), and Cape May. 

Thus, of our ninety extant churches in South Jersey, onl j 
twelve had their origin in the last century. After the Revolu-- 
tionary war the Old Stone Church was erected at Fairfield, and 
a brick edifice at Bridgeton was dedicated m 1795. With 
these exceptions we know of no efforts to build up, much less 
to extend the Presbyterian Church in West or South Jersey, 
from the beginning of the war in 1775 to 1820, a period of 
forty -five years. 

Li 1820 there was a remarkable revival of missionary zeal, 
and under the influence of Rev. Jonathan Freeman^ o-f Bridge- 
ton, the Domestic Missionary Society of Weat Jersey arose 
and accomplished an important work during the remaining- 
two years of his life. 

Then the churches of Salem and Mfllvillc were established. 
The appeals for help from Mr. Freenuau and Col. Johnson vn 
behalf of the infant church at Salem might now amuse tlie good 
people of that flourishing church- History repeats itself and 

those appeals should inspire our sympathy and hope for other 
churches now struggling for existence. 

The Presbytery of West Jersey was organized in 1839, 
and from that time the Presbyterian Church has made steady 
progress within the six counties which this Presbytery now 

In 1840, and for many previous years, in Atlantic county, 
(or Egg Harbour), we had no church, and now have eight. 

In the present Camden County, Blackwoodtown Church 
then stood alone, now there are nine Presbyterian churches. 

In Gloucester County are ten, and all of these excepting 
Woodbury have been organized since 1840. In Salem County, 
where were two before 1840, are now four, and in Cape May 
County, where was one, are also four. 

In Cumberland County, always the stronghold of the 
Presbyterian Church, were eight and now are ten churches. 

Thus thirty-five churches have been organized in forty- 
seven years, and while the population has increased two and 
one-half times, the membership of our churches has increased 
about four-fold. 

A similar report of progress might be made of Monmouth 
Presbj'tery, which was organized first in 1859, and reconstructed 
in 1870. 

History repeats itself and has its lessons: 

I. Were the former days better than these? Some assert 
that our churches in former years did not call for so much fin- 
ancial aid as now, because they sustained the Gospel b}^ uniting 
contiguous churches, and that therefore we should do the same. 

Tis true that once Woodbury and Pittsgrove were united. 

In 1750 the Presbytery of New Brunswick directed as to 
Penn's Neck and Woodbur}', that in the place which provided 
a house to live in, Mr. Chestnut should preach two-thirds of 
the time, and in the other one-third. In 1751 the same Pres- 
bytery decided that Mr. Hunter should preach at Greenwich 
one-half, Deerfield one-fourth, and at Pilesgrove one-fourth of 
his time. In 1794 the two churches, Greenwich and Bridgeton, 
united in calling Mr. Clarkson. Not until 1823 and 24 did the 
church of Bridgeton venture to sustain the gospel alone, and 

then terminated the collegiate relation which had existed for 
thirty years. 

Times have changed, and so have the habits and demands 
of churches. Do you wish to return to those old times as bet- 
ter than the present? You do not realize the struggles of your 
Fathers to establish the ordinances which you now enjoy. Place 
yourselves in their circumstances, if you can, and you will sym- 
pathize with other feeble struggling churches of the present 

II. History teaehes us to cultivate diligentl}' the field, 
which is committed to our care. The churches of I'enns Neck 
and Aloes Creek had vigor enough in 179t to secure a pastor, 
and in 1803 had eighty communicants at a time when the 
two churches of Woodbury and Timber Creek, (Blackwood- 
town), were reduced to seven members. Once we wondered 
what were the causes of the decline of Aloes Creek and Penn's 
Neck churches. Now we wonder that they lived so long, when 
we read that for twenty years, and again for nine years, the 
people had no regular preaching; but only occasional supplies, 
and for another period of seven years only an annual supply.* 

Has the Lord committed to us an}' portion of his vineyard 
to cultivate for Christ? If we are unfaithful in its cultivation, 
the Lord of the vineyard will take it away and give it unto 
other husbandmen. 

III. Deerfield owes a debt to Egg Harbour. John Leake 
waited upon or escorted both Enoch Green and John Brainerd 
from Egg Harbour to Deertield. Thus Deerfield church obtained 
the ministry of the Gospel at the expense of Egg Harbour. 
Deerfield survived and the churches of Egg Harbour, which 
were planted by John Brainerd, declined and became extinct. 

Suppose the process had been reversed; then Deerfield 
Church had become extinct. Deerfield owes a debt to Egg 
Harbour and to John Brainerd, and to the Great Head of the 

How shall that debt be repaid? 

*See the Tresbyteriau, .April 2*;, 1850. 



Condensed Address of Mr. Allen on the ''Important 
Events of the Past One Hundred and Fifty Years." 

It is my task to outline tlie progress of events during the 
eristence of tlais little church. In the peaceful village of 
Deerfield, pastor lias succeeded pastor, and generation followed 
generation to the "silent city of the dead." Outside this quiet 
harbor storms have raged and many a gallant bark has gone to 

One hundred and fifty years ago! How long — how short 
a time! What a trifle of the world's historyl But crowded with 
events, separated from us by marvellous progress, away in a 
past already growing dim — how far distant ! 

It is impossible to predict the altered circumstances of A. 
D. 203T. Almost equally difficult is it to fill in the details of 
the distant past. Yet this is just the best way of estimating 
the world's progress. 

Let us now go back to the "good old times," or if you will 
■"the bad old times," and first take a peep across the water. 
Here comes one of the old-timers. Very stately is he in flow- 
ang wig and knee breeches; his long coat adorned with lappels 
and side pockets. His house is in keeping with his attire. 
In the low ceiled reception room, uncomfortable, straight 
backed mahogany chairs stand around the panelled walls in 
formal rows, whilst a jingling harpsichord occupies one corner. 
In his bed room, a close fusty chamber, hung with dismal dam- 
ask, stands the huge fourpost bed, like a gigantic hearse, so 
high that steps are needed for the perilous ascent. Wlien he 
retires at night he will sleep (if he can) sunk in the center of 
a mass of yielding feathers, the bed curtains carefully drawn 
and tied to exclude every breath of fresh air; down to his nose 
he will draw % thick woolen night cap, and then with the dim 
rush light burning in a basin on the floor, he will lie semi-suflb- 
CAted in what he calls "comfort." His London house stands in 
a narrow street, adorned with odoriferous heaps of refuse which 

are scattered by the wind for every shower to F>eat into a thick 
black paste. A large open drain in close proximity sends pes- 
tilential steams into the fonl atmosphere. As a man of fashion 
our friend breakfasts at ten, dines at two, takes tea at five, and 
sups at eight o'clock. When he gives a dinner he will not fail 
to send home every guest intoxicated. If a brawl occurs he 
will arm with pistols and settle his (juarrel in a duel. In the 
intervals of sleeping, eating, drinking and gambling, he will 
visit the theatre where the coarseness of the scenes will by no 
means shock his delicacy, or he will watch two men slice each 
other with broad swords; or at a Inill-bait will enjoy the mutaial 
tortures of gored dogs and a chained and infuriated bull. This 
elegant program will be varied by lx)xing matches and cock 
fights. When our friend walks through the city at night h« 
goes cautiously along under the feeble twinkle of the oil lamps, 
past aged watchmen, who are snoring in their boxes, or tremb- 
ling lest their old bones should be pounded b}- the noisy bloods 
who go reeling by. Happy, indeed, if he is not pounced upon 
from some dark corner, knocked on the head and robbed. 

Such is a fair picture of the life of an English gentleman of 
150 years ago. Contrast it with the present; the low, close, stutly 
rooms with the well lighted, well ventilated and well warmed 
modern house; the filthy surroundings with modern sanitary 
improvements. Think of our healthier habits and more refined 
pleasures; of profanity and sensuality as no longer characteris- 
tic of the gentleman; drinking and gambling under ban; duel- 
ling and highway robbery almost things of the past, and you 
will see the progress of 150 years. 

Now let us look at Boston, just after the W'uv for Inde- 
pendence in 1T84. From various sources we may learn the 
condition and customs of the people. Thougli Boston was the 
third city in the States, its streets were irregular, tlie carriage 
ways were unpaved, and the sidewalks unflagged. The houses 
were of wood, with unpainted weatherboard sides. Furniture 
was imported. There were heavy sideboards, English eight-day 
clocks with chimes, and high candelabra drawn about the fioor 
on rollers. The huge fireplaces were adorned with scripture 
tiles, and the walls with inartistic colored engravings. In the 
streets the houses were not numbered, l)ut instead were golden 

bells, blue gloves, crowns and sceptres, dogs and rainbows, 
elephants and horse shoes. In the shop of the haberdasher 
were found wares of strange look and name — lawns and jeans, 
galloons and silk ferrets, swords, garterings, vest patterns and 
silk cloaks. The threshing machine, cast iron wheeled plough, 
drill, potato digger, reaper and binder, ha^- raker and corn cut- 
ter, were all unknown. In the fanner's house paint and carpet, 
had no existence; beef and i)ork, salt lisli, rye bread, dried 
apples and vegetables coarsely served made his monotonous 
fare the year round. His Sunday suit of broadcloth lasted his 
life and then descended to his son. It is a question which was 
more to be pitied, the school teacher who itinerated amongst 
his patrons and gave to their children the elements of educa- 
tion in return for his board; or the unfortunate school boy, to 
whom hard fare, sermons, prayers and floggings came round 
with distressing regularity. The village doctor pounded his 
own drugs, prepared his own medicines, and put up his own 
prescriptions. He bled and cupped and leached unmercifull}^; 
of quinine, ether and chloroform, he was profoundly ignorant, 
and vaccination was as ^-et undreamed of. Even in the north- 
ern cities tlie dead cart nightly shot the victims of yellow fever 
into the pits of the Potter's Held. But highest in dignity stood 
the minister. To sit patiently on the rough board seats while 
he turned the hourglass for the third time, was a delectable 
privilege. His sermon was the great event of the week. The 
newspapers were wretched productions on miserable paper, and 
never appeared oftener than three times a week. Xews was 
cons[)icuous by its absence. Travelling was perilous. Before 
a journej' men made their wills and said to their friends a sad 
farewell. Two stages carriisd all the passengers between New 
York and Boston. The travelers luul often to help drag the 
clumsy vehicle out of the slough. Tiie condition of the poor 
was most wretched. Only by the strictest economy could the 
mechanic keep out of jail. His home was comfortless. Stoves 
coal and matches were things unheard of. "Worst of all, if mis- 
fortune overtook him he was liable to be seized by the Sheriff 
and Iiurried to prison for debt. And the prisons were horrible. 
To loss of liberty and the bitter tliought of starving children at 

home, were added the terrors of the treadmill, the pillory, the 
stocks, the shears, the branding iron and the lash. 

. Vast has been the progress since that day. Manners 
have changed, and morals. The spirit of humanity, has grown. 
^Mechanical inventions and discoveries have increased the hap- 
piness of our race. From feebleness and poverty the country 
has progressed to power and wealth. Education, a free press, 
a free church, the influence and power of religion have produced 
and are still producing their marvellous transformation. 

For the great and stirring events which have begotten 
nations and remodelled maps; for the startling discoveries 
which have given to mankind new creations for good, and ter- 
rific forces for evil; for the enterprise that has set on foot vast 
undertakings, and opened up unknown worlds; for the new 
ideas which so powerfully are influencing men's minds for weal 
or woe, but little space is left. Nor is much required. To us 
they are familiar as our daily bread. 

Europe has been remodeled. Asia and Africa arc opened 
up. South America is independent. Thirteen states have devel- 
oped to thirty-eight. The Civil War has been fought. Slavery 
has been abolished and the united nation is daily growing 
stronger for its part in the world's destiny. 

Christianity has modified the horrors of war, and the lied 
Cross, the emblem of peace, is borne into the midst of its car- 
nage. The revolver, the repeating breech loader, the torpedo 
boat, the ironclad, the monstrous 100-tou gun; — all doubtful 
triumphs, yet it may be hastening the universal peace. 

The steamboat and locomotive, the safety lamp, coal gas, 
natural gas, electricit}', vaccination, the great iron and cot- 
ton industries, iron puddling, the spinning jenny, the water 
frame, the mule, and the power loom, Congreve rockets, per- 
cussion locks, the kaleidoscope, lucifer matches, sewing ma- 
chines, telegraphs and telephones, steam hammers, gun cotton 
and dynamite, light houses and life boats, the penny post, pho- 
tograph}', Atlantic cables, submarine tunnels, Alpine railways, 
diving bells and dresses, sanitary reform and police ; these are 
the children of the last 150 years of hi?^tory. These have eause<l 
17.37 to be as far behind us, as Julius Caesar is behind it. 

And tlio great world has opened up Africa. Australia, Cen- 
tral Asia, Cliina, Japm, Corea, New Guinea, and the islands of 
the South Seas, mostly unknown to HSI, are yielding to the 
power of the Cross. The march has been ever forward. Reced- 
ing here, advancing there, our holy religion like a mighty tide 
has swept on in its irresistible course, and in no distant future 
shall cover the whole earth, ''for the mouth of tlie Lord hath 
spoken it." 

The Committee failed to secure the address of Rer. Robert 
J. Burtt, of Mark9l)oro, N. J. Repeated attempts were made 
to obtain it for publication, but without success. It is to be 
regretted that this link of the chain of proceedings must be 
left out. 



Like our friend, who, as the representative of the sainted 
John Brainerd, addressed us this morning, I came to-day to 
remain one of the unknown among this great gathering, but 
•during the recess at noon I went down to the old historic 
spring to drink where my fathers drank; I cannot say that I 
drank in any inspiration. When coming away I met a friend, 
whose native modesty would not permit him to mention the 
subject himself, concerning the propriety' of having the fact 
stated upon a stone beside the church, setting forth the many 
virtues of Rev. Enoch Green; that his body is not Ijcneath the 
stone, but resting still within these walls. With this in view 
and to also enquire about the stone covering the grave of John 
Brainerd, which years ago I saw along the aisle before me, but 
which to-day, seeking it, I failed to find. Whilst looking for 
some of the "heads of this meeting" to confer about those mat- 
iiers, I fell into the hands of your pastor., and the expectations 
of the morning came to an end. 

As I wandered among those numerous and nameless graves, 
I could but wonder where among them repose the ashes of 
my ancestors? As I look over this great assembly, I see many 
descendants of those who, taking their lives in their hands, 
defied the wrath of Pope, Priests, and King at Boyne Water and 
Deirry. Although they were men of humble lives, unknown to 
history and fame, I am prouder of a descent from such an 
ancestry, than I should be for the right to "the quartering" 
upon the shield of the Queen of England, or that of any other 
royal family. 

We are told that certain traits of character are transmitted 
;from parents to children; may it not be that the same spirit 
that worked in the fathers beyond the sea, to there establish 
civil and religious liberty, moved also, though in a less notable 
■manner, in the hearts and lives of the founders of this church? 
May it not have been something of that same spirit of endur- 
ance that led the mothers of a century ago, whenever the 

weather permitted — to gather such of their children as were 
able for such a journe}-, and walk to church from Deerfield to 
Greenwich; walking those weary miles of roads, not laid out as 
we now know them, but winding through most open places of 
the heavy timber lands of that day, and by their many turns 
adding much to the distance; and often were they in the condi- 
tion of those described b}^ the gentleman that preceded me — 
walking in heat as hard to bear as anj' tliat we have experienced 
in the weeks just past; da^'S we found so hot and exhausting 
that man^^ thought they could not possibly go up to His house 
to hear the word of the Lord. 

Is it any wonder that out from under such training there 
went forth men willing to endure all the hardships and perils of 
our Revolutionary struggles, and those earlier colonial wars 
that were not alone contests for life and home, but for Protest- 
antism as well. 

My heart has been stirred by the events of to-da}', and 
thoughts of the past have flown as with wings. Here in 3'our 
midst I was born; here in this house I was consecrated to God; 
here among these seats, from this pulpit, I first heard the way 
of life — though true, there is now no memory of those words. 
And now after this lapse of time, I am glad to-da^' to assiire 
you that during all the years following the period when ill health 
severed the connection betv/een pastor and people, there re- 
mained, and does still remain, with surviving head of that par- 
sonage household, a strong feeling of friendship for the people 
that were left behind; with hearty good wishes for those that 
from time to time had given the hand, and spoken the words 
of cheer to the pastor and his young wife. 

To-day we have listened to many evidences of kind feeling 
on the part of the people of this church for their several pas- 
tors. To-day we look abroad over your liills, ;uul fertile fields, 
where roam 3'our manj' herds, or are glorious in promise of the 
coming harvest; and the thought has come, may it not be that 
this increase in basket and in store, that has brought joy to 
your lives, has come in answer to the pra3'ers of God's ser- 
vants? heaven's reward for favors to them; favors that could 
not be returned in kind. 

This morning as we listened to those recollections that 
stirred our hearts, we were asked, "What shall be the record 
of the church at the end of the second century, when its histor3' 
shall be read?" What the record of the next fifty years shall 
be, will depend entirely upon yourselves; what 3''0u shall do 
and train your children to do, for the advancement of God's 
kingdom and cause. If you gain no inspiration from the lives 
and efforts of those that have gone before you, who wrought 
that you might to-day rejoice; if from the things of to-day there 
comes no incentive to greater exertion for the years to come; 
if you and your children shall sit down content only to rejoice 
in the accomplishments of the past hundred and fifty years, 
then for those that shall gather here in 1937, there can be noth- 
ing but disappointment and regret in view of the failures of 
those fifty years. 

God seems to have wonderfully favored you at this time 
in granting so perfect a day, that none should be hindered in 
coming to this place to rejoice and praise Him for His wonder- 
ful work of the past. I think this beautiful day, with all its 
favorable circumstances, has been granted not alone that you 
might gather to rejoice over what our fathers accomplished, 
but that nothing should hinder a gathering for instruction and 
warnings as well. We have just listened to the history of the 
rise, progress, and in some cases the decay and death, of Pres- 
byterian churches in South Jersey: an encouragement to us 
as we have seen how, through adversity-, and many and long 
struggles, some churches have grown strong and fiourishing, 
and a warning, as we have listened to the story of the decline 
and death of others. And I have in mind one, that in genera- 
tions ago was supplanted by another denomination, (Logtown 
or Harmersville). Whether they died as a church through "a 
famine of hearing the word," or because they failed as Presby- 
terians to do what they should, and might have done for the 
country around them I know not; yet this is known, that those 
who took their place, and have held that region of country as 
one of the strongholds of that denomination, have not done 
through the succeeding years what they should, and might 
have done, for those within their bounds. To-day, another 
denomination has entered upon the field, and whether they in 

turn shall possess it, will iii a great measure depend" upon the- 
way in which the former shall use their opportunities in advanc- 
ing God's kingdom, and benefitting their fellow men. 

And now the day hastens to its close, and these anniver- 
sary exercises will be a matter of the past, and the history of 
another half century will commence, to end with a record 
depending entirely upon what you as a church shall do. Shall 
it be the record of a people who drew lessons of encouragement 
and warning from their history of the past, an inspiration, an 
incentive to greater zeal for the years to come, who increased 
their efforts to meet the great and growing needs of year by 
year, not only around them at home, but abroad throughout 
the land ? a work to be done, an obligation resting upon 3'ou^ 
not alone as Presbyterians, but as christians and patriots as. 


May God grant that from this day's gathering thei'e shall 
go forth an influence that shall make you flourishing, and strong^ 
for all that pertains to God's kingdom and glory. 



Condensed Address of ]\[u. Hunter on *'The Sahhatii 
School, its History and Work.'' 

In the brilliant processioa of important evunts during the 
last one hundred and fifty years, none attract the attention of 
earnest, thouglitful men, more than the three most significant 
moral monuments since the days of the Apostles, except per- 
haps, the reformation movement of the sixteenth centur3\ 
I mean the Missionary, tiie Temperance, and the Sunday 
School movements. All three of these movements, now absorb- 
ing so much of the thought and effort of the Christian Church, 
have been inaugurated within the lifetime of the Deerfield 
Church. Thei-e were missionaries, of course, before Carey and 
Mills, but no systematic plans for the evangelization of the 
world. There were Temperance reformers before Benjamin 
Rush, but no determined effort based upon scientific truth- 
There were Sunday Schools before Robert Raikes, but no well 
defined system whereby their permanent establishment and 
universal extension might l)e secured. 

It is just as difficult to trace the Sunday School idea to 
its origin as it is to do so of any other great thought. Before 
a new idea is born into the world, the spirit of truth seems to 
brood over the earth, finally depositing its precious offspring 
wherever there is an open, progressive, willing mind. In 
speaking of original ideas, tiien, we must understand that an 
idea may originate with a great many different persons. 

Then, further, we must distinguish between a thouglit 
involved in a principle, and the same thought incorporated 
in an institution. There is always a principle back of every 
institution, older than the institution. Back of the idea of tlie 
Raikes Sunday School is the older idea of the priucii»ul under- 
lying the Raikes Sunday School. The principle upon which 
the Raikes Sunday School was founded is more than four thou- 
sand years old. I mean tlie princii)le that it is the duty of the 
church to care for and religiously train the young. Dr. H. 


Clay Trumbull, in his excellent work, "Teachers and Teach- 
ing," clearly traces and distinguishes this principle back in the 
days of Abraham. He correctly distinguishes three agencies 
in the church for the religious training of the race— the Family, 
the Church-school, and the Pulpit. For fifteen hundred years 
the Family was the sole agency. During this time it demon- 
strated its inability alone to properly train the race. So God 
ordained the Church-school, not to displace the Family, but to 
co-operate with it. The Pulpit was first permanently estab- 
lished in the days of John the Baptist. Prior to that the mis- 
sion of the preacher or prophet was only occasional. This 
Church School involved the principle imderlying the modern 
Sunday School. 

There was the germ at least of a Sunday School at Taun- 
ton, England, in 1G38; at Ephrata, Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1Y44; 
at Catterick, England, in 1103; and in numerous other places 
in obscure localities in England, Scotland, and America. But 
the Raikes school was distinct from all these previous efforts 
in the following particulars: (1) They were confined to the 
children of the church, while Raikes' idea was to include all; 

(2) thej"- were taught in one class and by the pastor, while the 
Raikes school was divided into classes and taught by laymen; 

(3) they studied only the catechisms of the churches, while in 
the Raikes schools they also taught reading and spelling, and 
memorized scripture; (4) they were denominational and local, 
while the Raikes schools were unsectarian and for universal 
extension; (5) they were not known by any name that has come 
down to us, while the Raikes schools are the first to bear the 
name of Sunday School. 

It is sometimes questioned whether what are known as 
the Raikes schools were really originated b}^ him. Some would 
have it that Rev. Thomas Stock, contemprar}' and friend of 
Raikes, is the real "father of the Sunday school." The facts 
seem to be then concerning the starting of the first distinctive 
Raikes Sunday School: (1) Raikes accidentally learns of the 
ignorance and viciousness of great numbers of the poor chil- 
dren of his native town of Gloucester; (2) he is set to thinking 
of some way to better the condition of the neglected children, 
and recalls something that had been tried b3' a Mr. King, a 


wealthy manufacturer of a neighboring town, in the way of 
gathering the children into a school on Sundays; (3) he resolves 
to tr}' something of the same sort in Gloucester, and immedi- 
ately employs four lady teachers to take charge of as many 
children as he should send, promising to pay these teachers a 
shilling a day for their labor; (4) Raikes then calls upon Rer. 
Thomas Stock to make known his plans and to seek his assist- 
ance; (5) Stock had been thinking of something of the same 
sort, and falls right in with Raikes, and together they go out 
to hunt up scholars to begin with, and succeed in finding ninety 
willing to enroll. And thus it is that the first real Sunday 
School was organized and started, in Gloucester, July 1780. 

Who is this Robert Raikes, upon whom such great honor 
has come? Was he some religious fanatic or wild enthusiast? 
What sort of a brain conceived the idea of the modern Sunday 
School? It was just two years before your fathers organized 
this Church here at Deerfield that Robert Raikes first saw the 
light over there in England, in the town of Gloucester. His father 
was a successful journalist; his mother was tlie daughter of 
Rev. Richard Drew. Robert entered the profession of his 
father, and at the early age of twentj'-two became the sole 
proprietor and editor of his lather's paper, the "Gloucester 
Journal." This paper he edited with distinguislied ability. 
His editorials were extensively copied, even tlie nietropolitan 
journals of London quoting liberally from them. He had a 
large brain, a profound understanding, a great mastery of lan- 
guage, and a forceful style. He advocated many reforms, and 
especially reform in the management of prisons. Socially he 
was received into the highest ranks, being on intimate terms 
with royalty. Were I to seek some one here at home to liken 
him to, I could do no better perhaps than to oomi)are him to 
the late Horace Greeley or to the journalist and pliilantliropist 
of Philadelphia, George W. Childs. 

Four years after the first school was organized a dozen 
more had spung up in that same county of (Jloucestershire, 
and one had been organized in the metropolis of London by 
the congregation of the celebrated Rowland Hill, of Surry 
Chapel. Li one short decade England alone has over a thous- 
and schools, with sixty-four thousand scholars. At Windsor, 

ladies of fashion passed their Sundays in teaching the poorest 
chiklren. Mrs. Sarah Trimmer, popular authoress and maga- 
zine editor, was an active worker in these first Sunday Schools. 
And Hannah More, the gifted writer of prose poetry of the last 
century, organized a flourishing school of her own. 

But England has never entirely gotten away from the nar- 
row notion of the first promoters of Sunday Schools; the notion 
that only children of the ignorant and poorer classes stand in 
need of Sunday Schools. The children of the "respectable" 
people, of the high-born and high-&tanding, even when church 
people, are not in the schools. The children of church ofRcei's, 
ministers and deacons, as a rule, are not in the English Sunday 
Schools. All this is very primitive. 

The first Sunday School, proper, in the United States, was 
organized in Hanover county, Ya., in 1786, by Francis Asbury, 
the patriarch of American Methodism. To-day they number 
99,762 schools, 1,107,170 teachers, and 8,034,478 scholars, mak- 
ing a grand total of over 9,000,000! But there is almost an 
equal army of youth, under school age, not enrolled in any 
Sunday School, hei-e in our own land! 

Scotland — Presbyterian Scotland — at first determined to 
have nothing to do with Sunday Schools. Where was the 
layman's Divine right to teach? And dare au3^one profane the 
Sabbath bj' engaging in Sunday School work on that day? So 
the good orthodox Scotch preacher, who loved his toddy, and 
took such delight in cock-fights, threatened to ex-communicate 
any parent who should send his children to these unauthorized, 
unholy Sunday Schools. Sunday School teachers were really 
arrested and brought into Aberdeen, under escort of constables, 
as the veriest criminals of the land. This was when schools 
first began to be organized, say in 1788 or 1790. In time things 
changed, prejudice ceased. But the Scotch have never been a 
very enthusiastic Sunday School people. 

Free thinking and Roman Catholic France is coming under 
the power of the Sunday School. In Ital}' and in Spain man}' 
Protestant Sunday Schools are composed almost entirely of 
Roman Catholic children. May it not be that the Sunday 
School is destined to become the dynamite to blow into atoms 
the Roman Vatican? 


Rationalistic Germany has 300,000 children in the Sunday 
Schools; and although the secular press is quite generally ho^v- 
tile, there is no country in Europe vrhere the Sunday School 
cause is so prosperous to-day. 

In little more than a century the seeming insigniSeunt 
school of ninety scholars on the British Isle, has grown, to be 
a host of 16,447,990 scholars, reaching the world overl 

This wonderful success has been possible only by associa- 
ted efibrt. So early as 1785 a "Union" was formed in London 
to extend Sunday Schools in the British dominions. In 179f» 
Scotland had a similar association for that country. In 1824 
the "American Sunday School Union" was organized. The 
most efficient of these associations is the "Foreign Sunday 
School Association." In our own country the different states 
for the most part have their unions or associations. Eight 
states have every county organized, three of which have every 
township — Connecticut, Maryland and New Jerse}'. 

The "International Sunday School Convention" meets' 
triennially. The first met in 1875, in Baltimore. Since then 
the Convention has been held at Atlanta, Toronto, Louisville^ 
and Chicago. This "International" was the outgrowtht of a 
"National Convention" which met first in 1832. 

It was at the last "National Convention," at IndianapoUb - 
in 1872, that the "International Lesson System" was adopttvi'. 
For some years previously there had been uniform lessons adop- 
ted in certain localities, but now it was first proposed to make uni- 
form lessons extend to all schools throughout the world. An 
"International Lesson Committee," consisting of fourteen mem- 
bers, was appointed for a term of seven years. At the end of 
that time a similar committee was to be appointed by thr 
"International Convention." Each committee selects the less- 
ons for seven years, going through the Bible in course. 

This system has been severely criticised. It has been 
called the "game of hop, skip and jump," The objection is 
not to the uniform feature, except so far as it applies to all 
grades of scholars. The point criticised most severely is the 
changing about of the lessons from one part of the Bible to 
another. The question stood thus: Shall we have graded less- 
ons for difierent ages and different conditions,, or shall we have 

graded helps and teaching with uniform lessons? Thus stated 
all can see how uniform lessons may be made suitable to all 
ages and conditions. The greatest weakness of the system is 
the flitting about feature. This may and ought to be remedied. 

The proper organization of the individual school demands 
the most intelligent consideration. Most schools now are 
^'church" schools, rather than "union" or "undenominational." 
The pastor is the head of the school ex-officio. The church 
directly, or through her spiritual advisers, should have an influ- 
ential part in selecting the officers and teachers. The qualifi- 
cation of the teacher actually to train the scholar should receive 
more attention. There are too many youthful teachers in our 
schools. A high grade of teaching is necessary in order to 
win and retain the patronage of intelligent parents. 

We must do more work and better, if we would save the 
American boys and girls. Remember, if we save the boys and 
girls of the present, we save the men and women of the future. 
As Wordsworth says, "The boy is farther to the man." What 
are boys good for? queried a Sunday School orator. "To make 
men of," replied a little urchin who spoke more wisely than he 
knew. Our times sorely need honest, pure, sober, law-abiding 
men. Look at our daily papers! They are scarcely more than 
catalogues of daily crimes! Some vigorous Sunday School 
teaching has got to be done. We must instill the decalogue 
into the hearts of the youth; nor must we be content with 
mere morality. Pope was mistaken when he wrote, "An hon- 
est man is the noblest work of God." Young stated a pro- 
founder truth when he said, "The Christian is the highest 
st^de of man." The Christian type of manhood should be the 
goal towards which every Sunday School teacher should be 



With feelings mingled in joy and sadness, I return after 
an absence of many years, to take part in this hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary. I rejoice at this outlook. The enlarge- 
ment and beautifying of this house; the improved increase of 
the congregation; the advancement and favorable improvement 
of all the surroundings. 

When I left this place in the days of my youth, I was 
acquainted with almost every person who worshipped here. 
I could call every name. Now as I glance over this large 
assembly I can hardly recognize a countenance. The faces and 
forms of those who were then so familiar have departed. We 
do not see them on the streets, nor in the homes they then occu- 
pied, but we read their names on the stones and monuments 
which symbolize the affection of surviving friends, and the faith 
that they have entered into rest. 

But the church and the ordinances of God remain, con- 
firming the truth of His Word, "That one generation passeth 
away, and another cometh, but the earth abideth forever." 

I wish to bear testimony to the value of good religious 
training here in early life. The prayers of a pious mother, the 
preaching of the gospel by the pastors, the instructions in the 
Sabbath School by kind and devoted teachers, the reading of 
good books, and the prayers of the aged Elders — all assisted in 
making a foundation for my Christian life. 

Then I have a vivid impression of the school teachers — of 
David Shute and Mark Peck, who used to flog the boys for doing 
nothing, telling them, at the same time, that this was the reason 
why, because we were sent to school to do something. 

I am reminded of an incident of an English land-holder^ 
who was requested by one of his tenants to assign to him an 
acre of land on which he might have the privilege of raising 
one crop. The request was so singular and earnest, that the 
landlord granted the tenant his petition. The tenant prepared 
the land and sowed his seed, but it was many mouths before 


the land holder could understand what the crop would be. A 
3'ear passed by, and when the seed sprang up he learned to hi8 
surprise that the tenant had sowed acorns. He hadpromised the 
laud for one crop, and he must give it time. Long after the 
owner of the land and the sower of the seed had passed away, 
the oaks remained and grew, casting their strong roots into the 
ground and spreading out their long branches to the breeze. 

In like manner we are tenants of Christ, who is the great 
laud-holder. We are sowers of the seed. The good seed is the 
(jospel of the Kingdom. We can raise but one crop. The 
field is the world. The soil is the heart of every child; sow 
the good seed on that acre. "Whatsoere a man soweth that 
shall he also reap." 

The sowers who cast in the seed years ago have entered 
Luto their rest, but the seed still grows. And herein is that 
saj'ing true, "One soweth and another reapeth, and gathereth 
fruit unto eternal life, that both he that soweth and he that 
a'eapeth may rejoice together." 



Substance of the Remarks made by Rev. Wm. H. James, 


It has been my privilege during my long absence from this 
place, to visit man}- localities, and to enter many churches in 
my attendance upon Presbyteries, Synods and General Assem. 
blies, but I enter this church with feelings different from those 
which I have in worshiping in any other place. Here is my 
birth-right. This is my inheritance. Here I was dedicated to 
God in baptism. This is the first house of worship I ever 
entered. It is the first one I can remember. Here I was 
instructed in the principles of our holy religion, and taught 
lessons of divine truth in the Sabbath School. My mind goes 
back this evening to those days of childhood. I picture before 
me the church with its four pillars, before it was enlarged, and 
the people as they sat each in tlieir place in the house of God 
for worship. Their names and faces are familiar to me. I 
also remember where they lived in the community. A few 
remain to this present, but most of them are fidlen asleep. I 
will name some of them: A. M. Woodruff, David Padgett, 
Aaron Padgett, Dr. J. W. Ludlara, Lucius Moore, Joel Moore, 
Charles Garrison, David 0. Garrison, Jeremiah Parvin, Henrj' 
Ott, Ephraim Cory, Elijah Riley, Daniel T. J. Davis, John 
More, Robert More, Lewis Garrison, Azariah More, Samuel 
Barker, James J. Davis, Arthur Davis, Enos Davis, Shepherd 
West, Enoch Paulin, Abijah Shull, William Parvin, Ephraim 
B. Davis, Daniel Dare, William Conklin, Lewis Moore, John 
Garrison, Jeremiah Hitchner, Samuel Leake, George W. More, 
Martin Ott, James More, David Yeal, William Null, Alfred 
Davis, Ephraim Davis, James Davis, Abijah Hand, David 
Cake, David Findley, Isaac Whitaker, David Paris, Archibald 
Shimp, Enoch Shoemaker, and a number of others whose names 
do not at this moment occur to me. I remember their fami- 
lies, their wives and children, as they were seated together in 
the sanctuary. I also well remember a certain pew where on 


the Lord's day could be found, with great rcgularitj', a devout 
worshiper, with her children, seated by her side. It was my 
lionor to call that person mother. To her I owe more than to 
any other what I am, and what b}' divine grace I hope to be. 
She was the most priceless earthly gift that God has ever 
bestowed upon me. Emotions of deepest gratitude fill my 
heart this night, that I ever had such a mother. She conse. 
crated me to God and to his service. I can never remember the 
time, even in my earliest childhood, when I did not desire to 
be a minister. It was as a fire shut up in my bones. God in 
his own time and way brought me into his services and into 
the ministry of his Son. 

During the exercises of this day there has been much said 
about the ministers and ruling elders of this church. This is 
all well; the}' have been a power for good here; they have served 
their generation according to the will of God. But I appre- 
hend that the greatest spiritual power this church has had, has 
been the godly women who have been in it. No doubt many 
other sons of this church could testify to the rich spiritual 
blessings they have enjoyed through a pious parentage. It is 
fitting that we, their children, should rise up and on this anni- 
versary day call them blessed. As the work and service of the 
mothers in Israel has not been brought into special prominence 
in the remarks that have preceded, 1 take great pleasure in 
bringing into grateful remembrance their love and devotion to 
this house of the Lord. And I have a strong impression, 
from all rn}- experience as a pastor, that the women of this 
church, at the present time, are an indispensable part of its 
strength and efficiency. 

As one coming home from a long absence and beholding 
what 1 see to-day, I am impressed with the fact that while the 
fathers and mothers pass away, the church still lives. It is a 
place where '4ively stones," "polished after the similitude of a 
palace," are prepared for the building of God, the house not 
made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 

Who is there who is not ready to join in the praj-er, "0 
God of hosts look down from Heaven, and l)ehold and visit this 
vine; and the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and 
the branch that thou madest strong for thyself." 



Condensed Address by Mr. Brace on "The Church and 
Why We Should Love It." 

Coming together as w^ do, in a place made sacred by hal- 
lowed associations, connected with the past one hundred and 
fifty 3'ears, it seems ver}' right and proper that we should turn 
our thoughts for a little while to that which has given to this 
place its sacred character. It is not this material edifice that 
has stood the storms of one hundred and sixteen j^ears, that is 
older even than the nation whose starry banner is now tlie em- 
blem of its protection, that gives the sacred character to the 
place; nor is it the ancient burying ground which surrounds 
this building, in which lies the precious dust of the beloved 
ones who have been taken out of the homes, and from the loving 
embrace of those who would willingly have given their lives for 
them — the precious dust of the honored servants of God, who 
have proclaimed the love of God from the pulpit. I know that 
very loving thoughts wrap themselves around this building. 
It is a wonderful memorial of great things that have been 
wrought in manj' souls during all these past years. It is a 
reminder of precious gatherings of God's people, of the sweet 
worship of God, of the union in worship of beloved families, 
some of whose members are now worshiping in the temple above. 
And I know that verj^ tender and precious thoughts must go 
out continually to the quiet home for the dead, that surrounds 
this building, where lie the remains of those who have fallen 
asleep, fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, and tender little 

Tliat, however, which gives sacredness to this place is this: 
This building is the material inclosure in which the servants of 
God have met and engaged in the worship of God; it is the 
temple in which has been enshrined the invisible Christ; the 
mountain of God from whence has gone forth both the law and 
the gospel; the house of God where His people have come to 
meet Him, the gathering place for His church. 

And what is the church? It is impossible to unfold all 
that is expressed in this royal word. We can learn somewhat 
of its meaning by turning to the sacred scriptures. It is the 
ecclesia of God, the great company that haA'e been called out 
from the world to become the servants of the living God, those 
who have heard the voice of God, calling them from sin, from 
worldliness to a Saviour, to eternal life; the great assemblage of 
men and women who have in penitehce bowed down before the 
cross of Jesus Christ, confessed their sins and accepted salva- 
tion from Him; the company of the blood-bought, blood-washed 
disciples of the adorable Redeemer; those upon whose brows 
is written the name of our God and the name of the city of our 

It is tlie Kingdom of the Saviour, where he rules and reigns, 
where his word is law and his wish the motor of every heart, 
vbere he sways a sceptre of glor}^ and benignity, and confers on 
every subject the glory of his own royalty — a kingdom of jus- 
tice, but when the justice has been maintained and satisfied by 
the king himself, a kingdom of love where every service is 
performed, and every duty done out of this highest and holiest, 
and sweetest motive of love, where not to perform dut}^ not to 
engage in service, would be more wearisome, more distasteful, 
than the hardest service or the most onerous dut}^ — a kingdom 
■where every subject stands and shall stand, as one of the royal 
family, kings unto God for ever and ever. 

It is the flock of the Lord Jesus Christ, carefully and 
kindly watched over b^^ the Good Shepherd, led into green pas- 
tures and beside still waters, the lambs tenderly taken up in 
His great loving arms or carried in His bosom, the aged ones led 
carefully and surely along easy pathways. It is the household 
and family of God, composed of the children of God, those who 
1*3' His grace have been called from the world and from sin, to 
take a place in His family and in His house. It is here where 
the riches of the great fatherly heart of God, of the tenderly 
loving heart of the Saviour, are constantly made known. Within 
the walls of this loving home are found all things that can be 
provided by the Father to make it the best place for His child 
ren. Everything needed for nourishment, for comfort, for hap- 
piness is provided; bread of life, and fruit of life, for every one 

that hungers; water of life for every one that thirsts; arbors of 
refreshment for all that are vreary; scenes of beauty and songs 
of joy for ever}' heart. A blessed household and family is the 
church of God. Blessed are those who have been adopted into 
the family of God, who have been enabled to look upward and 
with uplifted hands and bounding hearts say, Abba Father. 

It is the bride of Christ. Never did heart of manliest man 
go out in strong true currents of pure love towards the woman, 
who has become to him the highest and loftiest ideal of sweet 
pure womanhood, as the love of Jesus Christ goes out to His 
Bride, the Church. All that affection can lavish, or love con- 
ceive, or imagination devise, has been wrapped around this 
bride of Christ. He clothes her Himself in richest and most 
roj-al apparel; her clothing is of wrought gold. He bestows 
upon her not merelj^ the half of His Kingdom, but out of the 
great love He has to her, He opens all the infinite treasure of 
His vast Kingdom to her and places them at her disposal. For 
her. He let His heart's blood flow freel}-. It was no sacrifice to 
Him, so great was His love toward her. Yea, He went through 
the darkest, the most tempestuous night the world ever saw. 
He fought the fiercest battle that ever mortal or angel witnessed. 
He endured the agony of crucifixion and the thorns of death 
for her, and then triumphant over all, was a mighty conqueror, 
so that He might have her for His own through all the ages to 
beautify her as He pleases, to enrich her according to the 
munificence of His own nature, to glorify her before the ranks 
of the great hierarchies of the heavenly world, and to show 
through her to the principalities and powers of the world of 
glory the vast reaches of His own infinite wisdom. 

Glorious is the church of God around which the thoughts 
of God have been wrapped during all the ages, out to which 
the richest desires of the heart of Christ have been flow- 
ing continually, and for which he died, making His blood the 
purchase price of its future, everlasting happiness. 

Let me speak to you of its precious ordinances. How 
sweet they are to the soul! How many burdens have been 
rolled off poor, weary hearts, as they have bowed in prayer 
with the congregation of God's people? How close the Sav- 
iour has come to hearts that have been thirsting for Him? How 

many songs of the sanctuary have been made swift chariots of 
God to carry the worshipers up to the Upper Sanctuary? Pis- 
gah's top has been reached and the sweet fields, clothed in 
living green, have been surveyed; Tabor has had its multitudes 
with the favored three on its summit to look out upon the 
splendor of the transfigured Lord; earth has been lifted to 
heaven and the earthly sanctuary transformed to the heavenly. 
Not only has there been a mingling with the hosts of the heav- 
enly world, but a blending of voices in the great hallelujahs; 
not only has the outer circle of the worshipers been reached, 
but even the very foot of the Eternal Throne. 

What messages of love have been delivered from its pulpits 
by the ambassadors of Christ! What tender pleadings with 
men and women to listen to the offer of Christ and accept His 
salvation! And sometimes what fearful portrayals of im- 
pending wrath and judgment to warn sinners to flee from the 
wrath to come! What scenes of devout dedication of little 
children in baptism have been witnessed ! What scenes of con- 
secration of mature men and women! But more sweetly sol- 
emn than all have been the gatherings of the followers of the 
Saviour around His table, on which have been spread the em- 
blems of His dj^ing love, when Calvaiy has once more come 
before them with its cross and its crucified one. They see the 
pierced hands and the pierced feet, and the anguished brow^ 

They ask: 

"Was it for crimes that I had done. 

He groaned upon the tree. 

Amazing pity, grace unknown, 

And love beyond degree." 
And so we love the church, because it is so dear to God,, 
because it is so dear to Christ, because it is worth so much to- 
us. We love it, because it is the channel through which ordi- 
narily the grace of God is brought to man; because through it 
the great truths of God's love and God's salvation are made 
known; because it is constantly opening wide its doors of 
entrance to men and women who long for better things than 
earth can give, for sweeter joys, wider fellowship, holier com- 
munion; because under the wonderful, love-inspiring. power of 
its Head, it stretches its arms of invitation to those who are 

weary and worn and forlorn and sinful and lost. We love the 
ohurch because we have so often found God there, when our 
hearts have been thirsting for Him as in a dry and thirsty 
land, where no water is; when we have been longing to see His 
power and glory as they have been seen in the sanctuary; 
because we have had shed upon us then the mighty power of 
the Spirit of God, as we have bowed ourselves at the blood- 
sprinkled mercy seat. 

We love it, because of the help and the strength, and the 
joy it has brought to so many of those whom we have loved, 
whom we still love, who have done with the cares and the toils 
of earth. We love it because it contains the great host of the 
followers of the Redeemer, who have been washed and cleansed 
in His precious blood. We love it, because the song of 
joy begun here is to deepen into the great hallelujah yonder, 
because the stream of peace begun here is to increase into an 
infinite ocean yonder; because the tin}' gleams of love we get 
here are to spread into the glorious radiance of the full noon- 
•day yonder. We can all say: 

"Beyond my highest joy, I prize her heavenly ways. 
Her sweet communion, solemn vows, Her hymns of love 

and praise. 
Sure as thy truth shall last. To Zion shall be given 
The brightest glories earth can yield. And brighter bliss 

of heaven."