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—Jix^ g b \tb. »^ 

■5l?arlaarti Colkge ?Ltbrar2 

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1665— 1690. 

Transcribed and Annotated by the Late 



Preface by the late Rev. George Gunn, M.A., Stichill ; 

Historical and Descriptive Account of Bunkle and Preston, 
edited by J. Ferguson, Duns ; and 

Appendix by Charles S. Romanes, Edinburgh. 


Printed for the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club 

BY Henry Hunter Blair. 


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1. Preface by the Rev. (ieorge Gunn ... ... i. — xii. 

2. Historical and Descriptive Account of Bunkle 

and Preston, edited by J. Ferguson xiii. -Ivi. 

3. Inscriptions on Tombstones in Bunkle and 

Preston Churchyards prior to 1825, copied 

by W. L. Ferguson ... ... Ivii.-lxxx. 

4. The Session Hooke of Honckle sinne (since) 

the admission of Mr George Trotter to 

the said Church ... ... ... i--53 

5. Register of Discipline of the Session of Buncle 

and Preston since the admission of Mr 
Alexr. Nicolson to the Ministrie there, 
August 20, 1678 years ... ... 54 105 

6. Register of Marriages and Baptisms 106- -122 

7. Appendix by Charles S. Romanes ... 123-174 

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THE minutes of the Session Booke of Bonckle ruii with 
few blanks from 6th August 1665 to 6th July 1690. 
Speaking roughly, they cover the period known to 
students of Scottish Church History as the Caroline 
Episcopacy (which, however, actually dates from 1662-1689.) 
From a complete absence of any reference to the matter in 
these minutes, Presbyterianism in the parish apparently ended 
with the previous ministry — as peacefully and pleasantly as 
the new ministry inaugurated the second Prelacy. The Rev. 
R. Colden died, as he had lived, a Presbyterian, and his 
successor, tiie Rev. George Trotter, was instituted to the 
benefice as an Episcopalian, received episcopal ordination, and 
submitted, as in the days of Roman Catholicism, to the 
jurisdiction of the Bishop of Dunkeld; and the body of the 
people seemed indifferent to the change. 

This Border instance represents an experience by no means 
rare. Perhaps, in all such cases, somewhat similar reasons 
induced the parishioners to show and maintain a quiet 
acquiescence in the new regime. For instance, as is well 
known, none of the three hundred ministers throughout 

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iv Preface 

Scotland, who had been ejected from their pulpits for not 
conforming to the new episcopacy of Sharpe, had ministered 
to this parish. Nor do bitter memories of cold-blooded perse- 
cutions — which filled the hearts of even simple parishioners 
elsewhere with longings for vengeance — linger in these pages. 
The ecclesiastical procedure against John Turnbull and Paul 
Cowan, for their covenanting leanings, runs its regular course 
to the sentence of excommunication, without apparently 
exciting popular feeling or comment. How far the ebullition 
of popular sentiment — manifested at the Revolution, when 
the Rev. Alexander Nicolson was "rabbled," and his furniture 
burnt before the manse door — was directed against the 
minister personally, or was due to dislike of the episcopal 
system, we have no means of knowing. But there is no 
hint in these records of any deep-seated or widespread 
discontent with the new order of things, and no trace of any 
severe measures, such as were adopted elsewhere, to compel 
refractory Presbyterians to conform to it. Even in the min- 
istrations of the pulpit, the parishioners would see little or 
no change. The familiar "use and wont" still regulated the 
order of service. The Prayer Book had not been adopted, 
nor any of the distinctive rites and ceremonies associated 
with Prelacy. 

As the Rev. Dr Leishman reminds us, "Nothing can be 
more unlike the reality than the picture, which many call up 
before their imaginations, of surpliced priests reading the 
Anglican Service in the old Parish Churches of Scotland, or 
dispensing the Eucharist to communicants kneeling at chancel 
rails."* Any change initiated by Mr Trotter did not appar- 
ently run counter to the principles or prejudices of the 
parishioners. The Reader's Service had not fallen into disuse 
here. It is supposed to have ceased throughout Scotland 
in 1 645 ; but at Bunkle the Reader fulfilled his special 
function in 1688, for in that year there is a reference to the 
"Reader his going into the Church to read, till the Minister 
came in." 

* Introduction to the Directory, p. 272. 

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Preface . v 

Some light is thrown on the worship of this period by two 
quotations given by Dr Leishman in the work akeady cited.* 
"Two Englishmen," he says, "have described the Scottish 
Service, as they found it celebrated at the very moments of 
transition in 1661 and 1689." Ray, the naturalist, says : — 
"The minister there, in the public worship, doth not shift 
places out of the desk into the pulpit, as in England, but at 
his first coming in ascends the pulpit. They commonly begin 
their worship with a Psalm before the minister comes in, 
who, after the Psalm is finished, prayeth, and then reads and 
expounds in some places, in some not; then another Psalm is 
sung, and after that their minister prays again and preacheth 
as in England."! This was just before the Restoration of 

Dr Leishman proceeds to say that the state of 
things before the Restoration of Presbytery is thus described 
by Morer, in the " Short Account of Scotland," first 
published in 1702, in which he gave his recollections 
of the country when he was serving there as chaplain 
to an English regiment in 1689: — "First, the precentor, 
about half an hour before the preacher comes, reads two 
or three chapters to the congregation, of what part of 
Scripture he pleases, or as the minister gives him directions. 
As soon as the preacher gets into the pulpit, the precentor 
leaves reading and sets a psalm, singing with the people, till 
the minister by some sign orders him to give over. The 
Psalm ended, the preacher begins confessing sins and begging 
pardon, exalting the holiness and majesty of God, and setting 
before Him our vileness and propensity to transgress His 
commandments. Then he goes to sermon, delivered always 
by heart, and, therefore, sometimes spoilt with battologies, 
little impertinencies, and incoherence in their discourses. The 
sermon finished, he returns to prayer, thanks God for that 
opportunity to deliver His Word; prays for all mankind 
then concludes with the Lord's Prayer to sanctify 

• Introduction to the Directory, pp. 272, 273. 
t Itinerary, p. 208. 

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vi Preface 

what was said before. After this another Psalm is sung, 
named by the minister, and frequently suited to the subject 
of his sermon ; which done, he gives the Benediction, and 
dismisses the congregation for that time." 

From the interesting minute of the 9th April 1686, it would 
appear there were no pews in the church — " Seeing there 
was none ^s yet in the church but one" — although there had 
been worship for some years at Preston. 

Little information is afforded by these minutes as to the 
actual mode' of the celebration of the Lord's Supper. 

Mr Trotter was admitted in the beginning of August 1665, 
but there was no celebration of the Communion for nearly 
two years — not till 19th May 1667. Thereafter it was 
celebrated annually, but at no fixed period of the year — on 
5th July 1668, 23rd May 1669, 22nd May 1670 ("at efternon"), 
20th August 1671, 26th May 1672, 1st July 1673, 16th 
August 1674, 6th June 1675, 24th September 1676. In 
connection with every one of these Communions there was a 
Saturday service of Preparation, and a Monday service of 
Thanksgiving. In 1673 there appears to have been a Thu/rsday 
Preparatory service in addition, as in later times. 

Mr Nicolson was admitted on 20th August 1678. The 
Communion does not appear to have been celebrated in 1677, 
1678, 1679, 1680, 1681, or 1682, i.e. for six years. Under 
date 4th February 1683, it is recorded that there were "no 
Communion tables in the church for administrating the 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper," and the Session order three 
to be made. For the making of these, £2 12s. 2d. (Scots.) 
was paid 9th May 1669. 

No Communicants were admitted to the Communion without 
a " tickit," i.e. a token, and none from a neighbouring 
parish without a testimonial from his own minister — 15th 
August 1674, 5th May 1675. 

Two pewter cups, "made at London," were purchased for 
6 lib. Scots., 4th January 1685, which, however, are no longer 
in existence. It may be noticed here that one folio copy of the 
Bible for use in the pulpit was bought from John Calderwood, 
bookseller in Edinburgh, for 14 Kb. Scots., on 8th May 1681. 

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Preface vii 

In this ministry the Communion is first noted as having 
been celebrated 29th July 1683 at Preston, and on the next 
Sunday at Bunkle, with the customary days of service before 
and after each. , It is again celebrated 27th July 1684, and 
thereafter not till 14th August 1687. The minutes come 
down to 6th July 1690, but the Communion is not again 
mentioned. In 14 years, therefore, it was only celebrated 
four times in the parish, and this, too, while Episcopacy was 
the form of Church government and the Bishop was holding 
annual meetings of his clergy in Synod at Dunkeld. It was 
never celebrated on Easter during either ministry, nor is any 
notice whatever taken of any of the Church festivals, though 
many Fast and Thanksgiving days were observed in connection 
with political events. All this shows how very different 
church life was under the old Episcopacy from what it is 
under the Episcopacy of these days. 

Not only did the introduction of Episcopacy leave most of 
the earlier forms of worship unaltered, but even the old 
ecclesiastical machinery of the parish seems to have been 
little, if at all, interfered with. 

For instance, perhaps the mast familiar survival of the 
Presbyterian times was the Kirk Session which re-appeared 
now, the same in aim, authority, and usefulness as before. 
The constituent members are, of course, elders — the teaching 
elder, who was the ordained clergyman, and who presided 
over their deliberations; and the ruling elders, who were, in 
general, selected by their own number, according to a just 
representation of the various localities in the parish, as may 
be gathered from the narrative. They formed an ecclesi- 
astical court with well known jurisdiction, carefully sanctioned 
by the civil power. Meeting weekly, apparently after the 
earlier diet of worship, and privileged in their proceedings, 
there is abundant evidence here of their fideHty, fearlessness, 
and zeal in the office. To summarise their weekly business 
is to detail the life of the parishioners over whom they 
exercised a close surveillance. The manner of men and 
women these were — whether trustworthy, on whom a loan 
from the poor box would be well bestowed ; or whether 

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viii Prefdce 

scandal was rife about them, so that they needed to rehabili- 
tate themselves by an appearance before the Session; or 
whether they had actually transgressed in the weightier matters 
of the law, or in offences of some petty nature; or whether 
they had unholy traffic with evil powers; — all are exactly set 
down without extenuation or exaggeration. 

The discipline of the Kirk Session, under the Episcopal 
sway of Mr Trotter, or his successor, was on the same lines 
apparently as in Presbyterian times. The censure of the 
court, the sentence and its penalty of fine or of pillory, of 
repentance stool and of sackcloth, of reproof upon reproof, 
and of excommunication, were as rigid and impartial now as 
before; and there is a similar satisfaction expressed in the 
wording of the record when offenders have been brought to 
a sense of their wrong doing. The elders, by their own life, 
were expected to be examples to the flock in all that pertained 
to godliness, warning the unruly, and confirming everyone in 
the practice of Christian duty. 

One of their main duties was the care of the poor. In the 
absence of any civil enactment or statutory assessments, they 
recognised their privilege to secure a provision not merely 
for the poor and destitute of their own parish, but for distressed 
strangers who came with or without letters of recommenda- 
tion, from the Bishop or Presbytery, or other Ministers. 
One cannot but be astonished at the number of "decayed 
gentlemen and gentlewomen" who thus accepted parochial 
relief, and would have liked had reasons been assigned for 
their destitution. To increase the money at their command, 
the Session charged fees for ecclesiastical services, such as for 
marriages and baptisms, and for the use of the mortcloth ; they 
exacted fines from delinquents, and added up the liberality 
of the worshippers, at the weekly service or after celebration 
of the Holy Communion, when its main distribution among 
the deserving poor was made. 

Nor was their charity limited to those of their own flock, or 
who were about their own doors. They looked far afield, and 
took broad views of their national responsibilities. They devoted 
special collections for the relief of special calamities, as in Cupar- 

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Preface ix 

in-Fife, or Kelso when it was burnt down ; or for the monetary 
assistance of local authorities, as for harbours at Dundee, 
Roseheartie, Aberdeen, or Easter Anstruther ; or for bridges 
at East Linton, Inverness, or over the Leit or Dye ; or for 
a road over the Locher Moss; or for help to distressed 
individuals, such as for prisoners amongst the Turks ; or for 
the benefit of the distressed Protestants of France and Ireland. 
With so many calls upon their limited incomes, and withal when 
money was scarce, there is no wonder that Dr Hardy writes : 
" kindly people were the Preston weavers and rentallers ! " 

The elders also showed a great zeal for education. Insti- 
tuting schools in both Preston and Bunkle, and erecting school 
buildings there, they appointed schoolmasters ; and as they 
became responsible to some extent for their salary, they secured 
for them the other parochial appointments with their several 
remunerations. As reader, session clerk, and precentor, the 
schoolmaster was in receipt of a regular, if small, income. The 
Session also demonstrated the interest of the congregation in 
what we call now-a-days higher education. They contributed 
towards the support of a student at one of the universities, who 
is indifferently called the Presbyteiy bursar or the Synod bursar. 

The transference of service to Preston Church will doubtless 
excite some attention. This was done by the Act of the Synod 
of Dunkeld, 29th April 1668. Information of this was made to 
the people on 23rd May 1670. It had been contemplated to 
repair the Kirk of Preston with the roof timbers of Bunkle 
Kirk, but this does not seem to have been carried out. For 
on 17th November 1678 sermon was at Bunkle, and the Sacra- 
ment was celebrated there on 5th April 1683, and on July 
1688 the minister was preaching in the two churches alternately. 

Few references to public events occur in these pages, and 
these few only because of their connection with the church. 
They take the form of public Thanksgiving Services for the 
Restoration of the King, or of days of Humiliation and 
Fasting for national sins or judgments, and so forth. The 
minutes touch more frequently on parochial occurrences, such 
as playing with bullets, an old Merse game,* and record names 

* See Dr Hardy's paper " On Bowling as an extinct Berwickshire 
Game.*' — Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, Vol. ii., p. 51. 

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t Preface 

of farms and villages that perhaps have since disappeared, as 
well as those of individuals of importance, to some of whom 
Mr C. S. Romanes has directed attention in the Appendix. 

The Register of Marriages and Baptisms is printed here 
immediately after the Session Book. The first sixteen pages 
of the original record appear to have been cut out and lost; 
and the remaining sixteen contain the names and addresses of 
the parties concerned from 16th October 1684 to 5th June 
1690. The minutes of the Kirk Session throw light on 
marriages in these olden times. Their sanction was requisite 
for a regular marriage, and their censure was severe on those 
which they judged to be irregular, and to have been celebrated 
without due proclamation. The notice of the marriage was 
made on three Sundays. Dues were payable to the session 
clerk, and formed part of the salary of his office. Besides, 
pledges were consigned. , A certain sum of money was 
deposited with the session clerk, in pledge of the fulfilment 
of the marriage, and that without scandal. We find, for 
instance, that Thomas Oraig, after having been once cried in 
the kirk, forfeited his consignation of a "leg" or Liege 
dollar, ratfier than enter the matrimonial state with the 
woman of his original choice. References are found in the 
minutes to other marriages — legal, though not regular — and 
to the procedure taken to place the man and woman, as Dr 
Edgar says, "on a surer footing civilly, and on a more 
respectable footing ecclesiastically."* 

The Session was resolute in securing the administration of 
the Sacrament of Baptism in the face of the congregation. 
Baptism in private houses, or by unauthorised persons, or by 
deposed preachers, was forbidden. Ecclesiastical censure is 
recoi-ded here on such irregular baptisms. Exceptional cases 
are all mentioned with the reasons carefully set forth. 

Of the 149 baptisms recorded, 35 were on Sunday and 3 
on Thanksgiving days, when there was service in church; but 
it does not appear whether administration of baptism was 
part of the ordinary public service or not. The baptisms, 
however, were all in church, either at Bunkle or Preston, 

* Old Chnroh Life in Scotland, II. Series, p. 178. 

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Preface xi 

except in the cases noted when the child was "very weak." 
Marriages were mostly celebrated on week days ; but, of 
course, not always in the face of the congregation, although 
the last four were celebrated on Sunday ; but this was after 
Presbyterianism had come in again. No marriages are 
registered as having' been celebrated in May, 

Perhaps more than genealogists will care to know that, in 
the Records of Baptisms and Marriages, 19 christian names 
of males and 24 of females occur. 

Of the former "John" is by far the commonest, occurring 
64 times; "James" comes next in frequency (37 times); then 
"William" (35 times); then "Robert" and "George" (25 
times each) ; then " Thomas " (24 times) ; then " Patrick " and 
"Alexander" (14 and 13 times); the^ "Pavid" (8 times); 
"Andrew" and "Archibald" (6 times each); "Adam" (5 times); 
2 each of " Hendry " and " Peter " ; 1 each of " Benjamin," 
"Cuthbert," "Malcolm," "Christopher," and "Samuel." 

Of the latter "Isobel" and "Margaret" head the Ust (37 
times each); "Elspeth" (31); "Alison" (32); "Janet" (26); 
"Agnes" (18); "Katharine" (16); "Marion" (13); "Anna" 
— the only form of Ann — (12 times); "Jean" (11); 4 
"Marys"; 26 "Elizabeth" (Bessy); 5 "Beatrix"; 8 "Helen"; 
8 "Christian"; 2 each of "Barbara," "Lilias," and 
"Marjory";' 1 each of "Sarah," "Annaple" (Annabel?), 
"Emilia," "Hendreta," "Sophia," and "Nicolas." A middle 
name seems to have been unknown. 

The fees for Baptism were expressly designed as part 
payment of the schoolmaster's income. 

Of the salarists mentioned the session clerk gets 8 pounds 
(evidently Scots.) for year 1669. The Preston schoolmaster 
is paid on Ist September 1689, 6 lib. Scots., from Michaelmas 
1688 to Michaelmas 1689; but he would get some dues and 
perhaps fees. In 1673 the offices of precentor, session clerk, 
and church officer were united in one person, who was 
ordained by the Session to "kepe a scooU." 

In closing, it may be useful to draw the attention of the 
reader to the prices of certain articles and of labour, as 
mentioned in these minutes. Thus,' " 3 elns of English cloath " 
for the " mort-cloath " were bought from John Wright, merchant 

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xii Preface 

in Dunse, at 5 lib. 8 sh. Scots. ; 8 elns of pi ay ding to be 
waked, for lyning, at 10 sh. 6d. Scots, the eln; 24 oz. of 
black silk for the fringe, at 16 sh. Scots, the oz. The finished 
mort-cloth cost JB44 8s. Scots., or JB3 14s. stg. An expensive 
article considering the value of money in those days. English 
cloth and silk would be among the dearest commodities. 

ThQ Handbell cost 7s. 2d. stg., and the Bible £\ 3s. 4d. 
The pewter Communion Cups (2) cost 5s. each. 

For building up a breach in the north side of Preston 
Church, "5 els" in length and as much in height, only 12 
lbs. Scots, was paid, or £1 stg. ; but the Session provided 
the "gang" and scaffold and lime "for casting the wall," 
but not the stones or mortar. They calculated the whole 
expense to be JBl 3s. 4d. stg. Scotch ell = 37 in. 

This volume possesses a peculiar interest to the members 
of the Club, in that it may be said to have occupied the 
later thoughts of our Secretary, the venerated Dr Hardy. 
None feels more keenly than the writer of this Preface the 
immense loss occasioned to us by his death, both in the 
general work of the Club and in the elucidation of 
historical documents like this present Record. The transcript 
was made by Dr Hardy, many years ago, from the original 
Session Minute Book, which had been carried off by the 
Rev. Alexander NicolSon to Holy Island, at the Revolution, 
and is now in the possession of his descendants. 

These Parochial Records may seem petty and barren to 
those who turn to them for information on the more spiritual 
aspects of Church life in these bygone days. Such must be 
gained elsewhere. Here some light — limited, yet faithful and 
clear — is thrown on old themes of surpassing interest to 
every Borderer, and to all who realise that to-day they enjoy 
wider liberties, because they have entered into the labours of 
others, and are reaping a harvest which they did not sow. 
Though these pages detail the sufferings and sins, the toil 
and struggles of lowly men and women of a far-off day, they 
unintentionally reveal that the truths then gained they 
transmitted, not only unimpaired, but enhanced, to future 
generations ; so that we may gratefully regard them as illustra- 
tions of the old saying, " One soweth and another reapeth." 

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JAMES HARDY, LL.D., Oldcambus, 
Secretary of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, 


GEORGE HENDERSON, Surgeon, Chirnside. 


J. FERGUSON, F.S.A. (Scot.), Duns. 

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THE historical and topographical account of the united 
parishes of Bunkle and Preston, which appears in the 
following pages, was originally drawn up, about the 
year 1851, by the late Dr Henderson, Chimside, 
author of The Popular Rhymes of Berwickshire, and was 
subsequently revised and supplemented by Dr Hardy. It 
forms part of a manuscript, in the handwriting of the latter, 
dealing with the History and Antiquities of the County, in 
alphabetical order, and was apparently intended to be included 
in the Merse Dictionary, a work projected by Dr Henderson, but 
never completed. Throughout, the materials contained in 
Chalmers's Caledonia and the New Statistical, Account of the 
Parish have been freely made use of, many of the purely 
historical and statistical portions being taken almost verbcUim 
from these sources. By far the greater part of it, however, 
is the record of original research and observation. The 
glimpses it aflfords of the manners and customs of a past 
generation, and of places and families long since extinct, and 

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xvi Introductory Note 

the information it furnishes in regard to the traditions of 
the parish, are of great interest and value; while the 
graphic descriptive touches appearing on every page, and the 
shrewd remarks with which it concludes on the changes 
which were taking place on the modes of agricultural tenure 
in the county at the time it was written, are eminently 

The tractate has been printed from Dr Hardy^s MS. without 
alteration or abbreviation, except where verbal accuracy or a 
regard to existing facts demanded some slight change or 
curtailment. Besides furnishing an appropriate Introduction 
to the Session Register of the parish, the editing of which 
was the last labour our lamented Secretary undertook for the 
Club, it may be regarded as constituting a by no means 
unimportant chapter in the County History, which, it may 
be hoped, will be undertaken in the not distant future. 

The few footnotes added aim at little beyond indicating, 
as far as practicable, the sources from which the statements 
in the text are derived, and supplying obvious omissions and 


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THE name of this parish has been at diflferent times 
variously written. Bonkile, Bonkle, and Bonkill are 
the usual forms in which it is found. Bonkle, Buncle, 
or Bunkle is the contracted form of the word which 
was generally written Bonkill till recent times. In the 
British and Gaelic speech, hon signifies the base, and is 
applied in British topography to places lying at the foot of 
hills, as the Boyn in Banffshire ; and there is reason to 
suppose that the prefix hon, in this name, was early applied 
to the foot of the ridge of hills which here is called edge, as 
in other places in the south of Scotland; and when the 
chapel was settled at the same place the cill or kill was 
applied, rather in the Saxon than in the Celtic mode of 
formation of a singular name. But it may be derived from 
hon or hurt and coile (Gaelic) a wood — the foot of the wood — 
Bunkle Hill or Edge being in ancient times thickly covered 
with wood.* 

Bunkle is an united parish, having been annexed to 
that of Preston about 130 years ago.f Its form is of an 

* Chalmers* Caledonia. New Statistical Account. The fancifal sap^- 
gestion in the latter that the name may be derived from the Latin 
hqna cella is passed over, probably as being too far-fetched, 

t See Note below. 

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xviii Historical and Descriptive Account 

irregular figure, the mean length is 4J miles, the mean 
breadth 3J. It is bounded on the S. and W. by the river 
Whitadder, which divides it from Edrom and Duns ; on the 
S.E. by Chimside, and on the N, and E. by Abbey St. 
Bathans and Coldingham- Tte lower district of the parish, 
which may be said to constitute the northern border of the 
Merse, is nearly level, gently inclining, with small undulations 
to the south-east.^ The higher or northern division forms 
part of the Lammermoor range of hills, which commence at 
St. Abb'js Head, and extend in a westerly direction through 
the whole of Berwickshire. Bunkle Edge, the highest ground 
in the parish, is more than 700 feet above the ocean's level, 
though not above half of that height above its base. The 
soil of the lower lands is very rich and fertile, bearing in 
abundance every description of green crops and luxuriant 
pastures ; on the higher grounds the soil is generally light 
and poor, in many places covered with heath, and inter- 
spersed with bogs and marshes. 

The minerals which have been found in the parish are few, 
and of little importance. On the farm of Ordweil [Hoardweel] 
on the bank of the Whitadder, at the north-east extremity of 
the parish, copper has been wrought. About 70 years ago it 
was worked by an English company to some advantage; but 
after some time the vein ceased to yield a sufficient quantity 
of ore, and it was given up. In 1825, the working of the 
mine was resumed, and for several months prosecuted with 
apparent success ; but was soon abandoned a second time 
without any reason being assigned for such a step. The great 
mass of Stenshiel [Stoneshiel] Hill, lying opposite Cookburn 
Law, is composed of a fine-grained granite, or syenitic green- 
stone, as some have chosen to call it.f Clay-marl is found 
in abundance on the lower grounds along the river, and has 
been formerly used to some extent as a manure. J 

* New Stafiftical Account. 
t Ibid. 

X The rocks ia the N. of the parish are chiefly Silurian j in the 
S,, Devonian, 

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Historical and Descriptive Account. xix 

In 1790, the inhabitants of the parish consisted of 622 
individuals; in 1811, there were 767; in 1831, 740.* 

Between 40 and 45 years ago, the rental of the whole 
parish amounted only to £3200; in 1834, the rental was 
£8000. t 

The parish contains 9300 acres, of which 7280 are arable, 
1600 moorland or heath, 420 are covered with wood, chiefly 
Scotch Fir, and recently planted. About 80 or 90 acres of 
wood were planted more than 70 years ago, and much of this 
has been cut. J 

The average number of poor on the roll is about 18 or 22 
persons, who are supported at the rate of about £70 yearly. 
The parochial school is situated at Lintlaw, more than a mile 
from the church, is the only one in the parish, and has been 
taught by the present incumbent, Mr Robert Johnston, and 
his father, Mr George Johnston, for upwards of 70 years. || 

The church of Bunkle was rebuilt in 1820; it is a plain 
and neat structure, built a little to the north of the old site, 
and is capable of containing 400 sitters. An elegant new 
manse was erected in 1846. The church and manse, with 
the adjoining burying ground, lie in rather a remote and 
lonely situation, there being no other dwelling in the imme- 
diate vicinity. The stipend of the minister is £240 a year, 
besides £8 6s. 8d. for communion elements. The glebe is 
large, consisting of 44 acres, and is worth £50 yearly.§ There 
is no village nor post office, nor public-house of any kind in 

* In 1871, the population was 764 ; in 1881, 726 ; and in 1891, 672. 

t In 1881, the valuation of the parish had increased to £12,131 9s., 
but it has since receded. For the current year (1899-1900) the 
amount is £9056 5s. 4d. 

X The actual area is 9256^ acres, of which 67^ acres are water. 
The proportion planted and under tillage is somewhat greater than 
when the Account was written. 

II According to the latest returns, the number of poor on the roll 
is five, with five dependants. There is now a school at Preston, in 
the W. of the parish, with accommodation for about 50 children. 

§ The minister's stipend is now about £295, of which £250 is in 
money, and the remainder in victual. The area of the glebe is 
44*096 acres, and the value £70. 

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XX ffistoricat and Descriptive Account 

the parish; although there was, in former times, a village 
surrounding the ancient castle, at a small distance north from 
the church, which, in the recollection of persons still living, 
was inhabited by weavers, joiners, etc. The nearest town, 
Dunse, lies 5 miles to the W. of the church. 

The ministers of Bunkle, since the Revolution, have been 
the following, so far as we have been able to ascertain : — 

(1) Mr Ninian Home. — He seems to have been the first 
and only Presbyterian minister of Preston after the Revolution. 
Boston, in his Memoirs, says he was "a person of great parts, 
but not proportionable tenderness." He was the son of 
Abraham Home, tenant of Bellieshill, in the parish of Home, 
and was born on 5th December 1670. He was first school- 
master at Preston, and afterwards schoolmaster at Fogo ; and 
having been educated for the church, he got a presentation 
from the Marquis of Douglas to be minister of Preston and 
Bunkle, and was settled there in 1697, preaching at both 
churches alternately. In 1704, he was translated to the 
parish of Sprouston, and was deprived by the Presbytery 
for his " untender " conduct. He afterwards became, by 
purchase, the proprietor of the estate of Billie, in the parish 
of Bunkle ; and as, in our account of that place, there will 
be found a short detail of his subsequent history, we here 
say no more of him. 

(2) Walter Hart. — Mr Walter Hart was admitted minister 
of Bunkle and Preston, and ordained upon the 22nd August 
1706, by Mr George Moodie, minister of the Gospel at Fqgo. 
He preached alternately at both places till about the year 
1720, when Preston was disused as a place of worship. We 
find him minister of Bunkle in 1732. In that year he, along 
with the Rev. James Innes of Merton, were the only two 
ministers in Berwickshire who appended their names to a 
" Humble representation and petition anent grievances of 
some ministers and elders " to the General Assembly in May 

(3) Robert Douglas. 

(4) John Campbell. 

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ffistoricai and Descriptive Account xxi 

(5) Archibald Maconochib. — Left at the Disruption in 
1843. He wrote the New Statistical Account of the parish. 

(6) John Dunlop, 1843-1880. 

(7) LuDOVic Mair, the present incumbent, 1880. 

There are various interesting antiquities in the parish of 
Bunkle; the oldest of these are evidently the remains of 
ancient encampments, which form a line along the southern 
verge of Bunkle Edge, at short distances from each other, 
and extending from east to west between three and four 
miles. These entrenchments are generally of a circular form, 
each enclosing about two acres of ground. The most easterly 
in the parish was on the steep bank of a small stream, called 
Fosterland burn — ^this was very strongly fortified by deep 
trenches and mounds of earth and stones — it is now demol- 
ished by the plough. Another is now planted, lying above 
the Marygold; and one of the most entire, still further to 
the west, lies at the head of Preston Cleugh, overlooking the 
road between Duns and Grant's House. It is probable that 
all these encampments belong to the British era of our 
annals, and are in all likelihood coeval with, if not more 
ancient, than the Roman dominion in this island.* 

Of the stronghold of Bunkle Castle only an insignificant 
fragment now, exists : it consists of a piece of a most massive 
wall, through which there is a doorway or small postern. 
While the workmen were forming the road which passes close 
to the ruin, about 45 years ago, a large iron crook of 10 or 
12 lbs. weight was found among the rubbish. The person 
(Alex. Craig) who found it had no doubt that it was one of 
the crooks on which was hung the iron-studded door or gate 
of the castle, and had been fixed into the wall with lead. 
It was nianufactured into horse-shoes or harrow-trees. The 
castle had been surrounded by a deep ditch or moat, and 
it seems to have been a more regular and extensive erection 
than the usual Border fortalices in the neighbourhood. 

* These remains have been carefully surveyed by Mr Francis Lynn, 
F.S.A. (Scot.), Galashiels, and are fully described in a paper con- 
tributed by him to the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, 
Vol. XV., pp. 365-377. 

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Xxii Historical and Descriptive Account 

The parish of Bonkil is mentioned in our most ancient 
records, and we find that David I. had to settle a controversy 
about the proper limits of Bonkillscire and Coldinghamscire 
(scire or shire means a division or district.) The boundaries 
as settled by David, and his grandson Willislm, were again 
considered by Alexander II. ; and even . the Countess of 
Angus, as lady of Bonkill, was also induced to declare her 
sense of the limits of these two parishes. 

During the 12th and 13th centuries, the manor of Bonkill 
was possessed by a family who assumed from their lands the 
name of Bonkill. In the 12th century, Radulph de Bonkill 
granted to the monks of Coldingham all the right which he 
had to the forests and moors of Coldinghamshire. The 
liberality of Radulph also gave them the lands of Toddihalech 
(now Todheugh) in the neighbouring parish of Ederham. 
Radulph, moreover, gave these monks the lands of Brockholes, 
Harewood, and Denwood. The lords of Bonkill continued a 
r3spectable family here till the reign of Alexander III., 
when Alexander de Bonkill had to sustain the struggles of 
the succession war, and had the mortification to witness John 
Baliol swear fealty to Edward I., as lord Paramount of 
Scotland, at Newcastle, on the 26th of December 1292. Sir 
Alexander died some months before the 27 th of April 1300, 
as is known from an inquisitio post mortem in the Tower. 
Sir Alexander left only one child, Margaret, his heiress, who 
married, about the year 1288, Sir John Stewart, the second 
son of Alexander, the Stewart of Scotland who died in 1283, 
and the younger brother of James, the Stewart who died in 
1309. When Sir John Stewart swore fealty to Edward I., 
on the 15th May 1296, he is described by the record as 
brother german of James, "dictus senescallus Scotise." This 
relationship of Sir John Stewart is so established by con- 
temporary records that it cannot admit of any question. It 
has been doubted, indeed, whether Sir John Stewart married 
Margaret de Bonkill. But there was an inquest of the clergy 
of the deanery of AUerdale, which was held at Wigton, on 
the 20th of July 1305, and which expressly "found that Sir 
Alexander Bonkill had a daughter Margaret, who is now 

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ffistorical <md Descriptive AccowrU xxiii 

lately dead, and that in her father's lifetime she had married 
Sir John, the brother of the Stewart of Scotland." There 
are other records in the Tower, which confirm the same fact. 
Sir John Stewart fell at the Battle of Falkirk, at the head 
of the archers of Ettrick Forest, in 1298, contending with the 
immortal Wallace for the independence of his country. His 
tombstone is still to be seen in the parish churchyard of 
Falkirk. It is a simple slab, with this epitaph : " Here lies 
a Scottish Hero, [Sir] John Stewart, who was killed at the 
Battle of Falkirk, 22nd July 1298." He left by his wife, 
Margaret de BonkiU, who did not long survive him, seven 
sons and one daughter; but he never enjoyed BonkiU, though 
he inherited some lands, with his wife, in Cumberland, (Burn's 
Hist, of Cumberland) as her father outlived him; nor was 
he ever called Sir John Stewart of BonkiU during his life. 
On the decease of his widow in 1305, she was succeeded in 
the barony of BonkiU by her eldest son, who had been 
named Alexander, after her father. This Alexander of 
BonkiU did not live long, as he died sometime before the year 
1319, leaving a son John, who succeeded him in BonkiU, and 
a daughter Isabel, who married the Earl of Mar. (Stewart's 
Genealogical Hist, of the Stewarts, p. 49.) His son, John, 
was certainly created Earl of Angus by Robert Bruce, before 
his demise, on the 7th of June 1329. There remains a 
charter of Earl John to Gilbert Lumisden, of the lands of 
Blanerne, within the barony and parish of BonkiU, dated the 
15th of June 1329, in which he calls himself Earl of Angus 
and Lord of BonkiU. We thus see, from this charter notice, 
that John had been then created Earl of Angus before the 
demise of the great Bruce; and yet the same John Stewart, 
meantime, obtained a dispensation of Pope John, on the 28th 
October, to marry Margaret Abernethy by the name of 
"John Sty ward Dominus de BonkiU," and he assisted as Earl 
of Angus at the coronation of David II., on the 24th of 
November 1331, as we learn from Fordun. He did not long 
enjoy the honour conferred upon him by the restorer of the 
monarchy, since he died on the 9th of December 1331, as 
we know from the same historian. When the pretender to 

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xxiv Historical cmd Descriptive Account 

the Scottish crown, Edward Baliol, broke into Scotland, he 
granted, on the 20th of October 1332, the manor of Bonkill — 
which John Stewart of Bonkill had forfeited by his opposition 
to his pretensions — to Sir Thomas Ughtred, an active instru- 
ment, on that occasion, of the English king, and of his 
puppet, Edward Baliol. This Sir Thomas enjoyed the grant 
but a short time. John Stewart of Bonkill was succeeded by 
his son Thomasj as Earl of Angus and lord of Bonkill, who 
lived during very disastrous times. In 1353, he married, by 
a dispensation from the Pope, Margaret Sinclair of Roslin ; 
and dying of the plague, a prisoner in Dumbarton Castle, in 
1361, he left by his wife, the Countess Margaret, a son 
Thomas, who succeeded him as Earl of Angus and lord of 
Bonkill, with two daughters, Margaret and Elizabeth. This 
second Thomas, who married a daughter of the Earl of Mar, 
died without issue, in 1377; and he was now succeeded as 
lord of Bonkill by his eldest sister, Margaret, who married 
for her first husband, Thomas, Earl of Mar, by whom she 
had no issue; and for her second husband, William, the first 
Earl of Douglas, by whom she had a son George, who was 
the heir of Bonkill. The first Earl of Douglas died in 1384; 
and his and her son, George, obtained in 1389, upon his 
mother's resignation, a charter from Robert II. of the earldom 
of Angus, the lordship of Abernethy, and the barony of 
Bonkill. There remains a curious contract of 23rd May 
1397, between Robert III. and Margaret, Countess of Mar 
and of Angus, for the marriage of her son, George, to a 
daughter of the Scottish king. In pursuance of this contract, 
George of Douglas, lord of Angus, married the Lady Mary, 
the king's daughter. Robert III. was thus induced to grant 
to George Douglas, and the heirs of his marriage, the earldom 
of Angus, the lordship of Abernethy, and the barony of 
Bonkill, with the advowson of the churches within those 
territories, to be held in a free regality. From that epoch, 
Bonkill has remained with the Douglases. It was forfeited, 
indeed, by Archibald, Earl of Angus, who was convicted of 
treason in 1528; jbut this forfeiture was reversed on the 15th 
of March 1542. The titles were afterwards confirmed by 

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Historical cmd Descriptive Account xxv 

Queen Mary, and ratified in Parliament. We have now 
seen the barony of Bonkill pass, by Margaret, a female 
heir, to Sir John Stewart, whose son enjoyed it, and whose 
grandson was created Earl of Angus and lord of Bonkill ; 
and Margaret, the granddaughter of the first Earl, by 
marrying "William, Earl of Douglas, carried Bonkill from the 
race of the Stewarts to the family of Douglas.* The repre- 
sentative of the Douglases, Earls of Angus, the posterity of 
Lady Mary and George Douglas, is the Earl of Home, who 
is proprietor of the greater part of the parish. (Of the race 
of the- Stewarts who descended from Sir John Stewart and 
Margaret de Bonkill, who left seven sons and one daughter, 
see " Renfrewshire " in Chalmers's Caledonia.) 

We will now give an account of the different estates and 
farms in the parish, in alphabetical order : — 

(1) Billy or Billie. — In the charters of the 12th and 
13th centuries it is often written Bylie. The name may be 
from the Latin Billa^ a country seat, now villa^ or more likely 
from Baile, a town, and the Latin vallisy a valley. These 
were originally the same, as the ancients built their dwellings 
in low sheltered places near rivers and rivulets. The late 
Mr John Blackadder, the constructor of the excellent map 
of Berwickshire, deduces the word from Ballaiy a wall, a 
rampart, a defence, t The lands of Billy [now comprehended 
in the farm of Billie Mains] measuring 900 arable acres, and 
20 of wood, lie in the south-eastern division of the parish, 
and are for the most part very level and fertile, and are 
now all in the possession of one tenant. 

On the north-east extremity of the lands of Billy lie the 
ruins of the ancient castle of that name. It has been said 
that there is a great charm about a place having a history. 
Billy has a history in our heart, as it was the scene of 
many of our early schoolboy rambles ; and it has a history 

* The above historical sketch of the manor of Bunkle is taken from 
Chalmerses Caledonia. 

t Miss Russell saggests (Hist, of Bar. Nat. Clab, 1886, p. 521) that 
the name may be " that df Bill, Kin^ of Cqinbria, or of Alclvde, 
f^8 he was called." 

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xzvi Historical cmd Descriptive AccoutU 

of times far in the past, when warriors and nobles assembled 
under its battlements, or issued in martial array from its 
iron-studded portals. But, alas, how has it fallen ! Its 
glory is gone, and it is now desolate, lonely, and deserted — 
a poor insignificant ruin, visited only by some solitary sage 
or wandering schoolboy : — 

" Red rnin of a bygone ago, 
For ever graved on memory's page, 
Where often in life's opening morn 
On fancy's wings my feet were borne, 
To wander roand thy mouldering pile, 
And mnse on days long past the while. 
Bat Billy's wa's are cold and damp, 
And Billy's wa's are falling down ; 
There no more will warriors tramp 
While the weary world goes roun* : 
Red and old, wet and cold, 
Are these walls once strong and bold, 
To repel the martial fray : 
Green and mossy is its brae. 
And the knbwes that roand it rise 
Smiling in the summer skies. 
By the springs the rushes wave 
O'er the fallen warrior's grave ; 
Deep and marshy is the moat, 
Soft and lone its streamlets flow. 
B^ its banks primroses blow, 
And the pile-wort's golden star 
Blooming o'er the place of war : — 
Where in old time did gaily float 
The Douglas' banner o'er the spot ! 
But lone and silent's now the scene 
Where the men of power have been ; 
4nd only now the rooks and daws 
And houlets haunt the ancient wa'sr 
But Nature works her will around. 
And decks with floral gems the ground ; 
Soon pomp, and power, and pride decay, 
And soon the hero's wrapt in clay — 
Shadows only, shadows chase. 
And of worldly glory short's the race ! "* 

* These lines, as well as the descriptive account of Billie Castle 
which follows, were written b^ Dr Henderson, who wa^ born on tl^^ 

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Historical cmd Descriptive Accou/nt xxvii 

The ruins of Billy are situated about half a mile to the 
south of the village of Auchencrow, about 11 miles W. by 
N. from Berwick, and about 7 miles to the E. of Duns ; 
they lie upon the S. bank of a small stream which discharges 
itself into Billy Mire, and are ' surrounded by a lofty grove 
of ash, beech, and sycamore trees, which have apparently 
stood the blasts and sunshine of 200 years. The broad fosse 
which surrounded the castle can still be traced. It enclosed 
an oblong space of nearly 3 acres in extent. On its 
northern side the stream mentioned above, with its banks, 
formed a natural and no msan defence. The north bank of 
the stream slopes down gradually, and is very marshy, and 
partly covered with alder trees. The castle itself seems to 
have consisted chiefly of a strong quadrangular keep, about 
50 feet by 40. Deducting 7 or 8 feet for the thickness of 
the walls, the interior area would consequently be about 42 
by 32 feet in extent. The building probably consisted of 
3 stories, the upper ones being reached by a narrow stone 
stair in the N.W. angle, some steps of which were visible 
about 40 years ago. The rounded towers stood at the two 
southernmost angles of the keep ; the remains of one of these 
we recollect seeing 42 years since, with an arrow-slit in 
its shattered wall. Part of the north wall of the castle, 
about 12 or 15 feet in height, and a few detached fragments 
surrounded with rubbish, is all that now remains of this 
venerable forfcalice. It has been built with large, squared, 
red sandstone, very h^rd and durable, so that the weather 
has made very little impression upon the portion which 
stands entire, although it has probably been in existence for 
6 or 7 centuries. The castle was surrounded by an outer 
wall, the foundations of which may still be traced. This 

estate of Billie, and throagh life cherished a warm attachment to 
the locality. He possessed great facility in versification, and wrote 
— for the most part anonymously — a considerable namber of pieces, 
some of wtiich, in the style of the old Border ballads, and with here 
and there an echo of their music, are not without merit. The ballad 
on the slaughter of the Chevalier de la Beaute, in Garr's History 
of Coldingham, pp. 200, 202, is from his pen. 

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ixxviii RistoricaX cmd Descriptive Account 

was also defended 'by a deep trench or fosse, and flanked by 
towers ; there seem also to have been several outworks on 
the eastern side, some vestiges of which still remain. The 
principal approach to the castle appears to have been from 
the S.E., where there are still traces of a path skirting the 
ferny banks of the rivulet which glides away towards the 

The castle of Billy was erected at an early period, probably 
about 1230, to protect the possessions of the potent house of 
Dunbar, Billy having been before that time decided to belong 
to Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, who died in 1232. We find 
a mandate of Robert III. to the Deputy Warden of the 
Eastern Marches, enjoining him, without delay, to seize the 
castles of Billy and Colbrandspath, and to transport the 
cheese, other provisions, and wine, he might find there, to 
Coldingham, for the use of the monks, on account of the 
rebellion of George, Earl of March. 

The forfeiture of the Earl of Dunbar, in 1435, made way 
for Billy becoming a possession of a family — no less powerful 
and august, that of Angus — which not long before had 
become proprietors of the adjacent lands and castle of 
Bunkle, and which was destined to rise upon the ruin of the 
Dunbars. But it appears that Billy had been at one time 
in the possession of John de Grahme, knight of Abercom ; 
as David II. granted a charter of confirmation of a charter 
of the said knight in favour of "John de Raynton (Renton), 
burgess of Berwick, of the lands, etc., of Bily, in the barony 
of Bonkyle, within the Sheriffdom of Berwick, in fee and 
heritage, paying therefor yearly a Rose, at the feast of St. 
James the Apostle, and to the lord of Bonkyle 8 shillings 
for the ward of the castle " ; dated at Edinburgh, anno regni, 
17mo (1346-7.) Again there is a discharge granted by 
Thomas Stewart, Earl of Angus, narrating that the heirs of 
Sir Henry de Sancto Claro were obliged to do homage to 
the Earl for the lands of Billy, which John de Raynton 
then held : and therefore, at the prayer and request of his 
son-in-law and kinsman, William de Sancto Claro of Roslyn, 
the Earl abolished the said homage to William and his heirs. 

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Sistoriccbl and Descriptive Account Xxlx 

and wills and grants to John de Raynton and his heirs the 
lands of Billy, to be held of the Earl in capite, by doing 
homage to him ; dated at Roslyn, 22nd August 1344. Billy 
remained in the sole possession of the Angus family little 
more than a century. The 6th Earl of Angus, son of 
Archibald, " Bell the Cat," and husband to the Queen, who 
was the mother of James V., lodged at Billy in 1528, during 
the siege of his stronghold of Tantallon Castle. He had now 
lost his influence over the person and councils of the young 
monarch, and at last openly rebelled against his authority. 
He then shut himself up in Tantallon, and defied for a time 
the whole hostile force of the kingdom. The King went in 
person to reduce it, in September 1528, and borrowed from 
the Castle of Dunbar, to aid him in his operations, 2 great 
cannons, called " Thrawn-mouth^d Mow and her Marrow," 
also 2 boysards, and 2 moyan, and 4 quarter falcons; for the 
safe delivery of which to their owner, the Duke of Albany, 
" three lords were impignorated at Dunbar." During the 
siege Angus found means to go to Billy, his seat in the 
Merse, not willing to be enclosed within stone walls, having 
ever in his mouth, says Godscroft, this maxim of his ancestors, 
that "it was better to hear the lark sing than the mouse 
cheip." Yet, in spite of his great preparations and formidable 
efforts, James was compelled to raise the siege, and he 
afterwards obtained possession of it only by Angus fleeing 
into England, and by a compromise being made with Simon 
Panango, the governor. While the Earl of Angus remained 
at Billy, Argyle was sent with an army to drive him out of 
the Merse ; but hearing that the royal forces were marching 
southward, the recusant Earl left his nest, and backed by his 
allies, the Homes, he disputed their progress successfully at 
Aldcambuspeth, putting the whole to the rout, killing about 
four score of them, and returning in triumph. " Hereupon," 
Godscroft adds, "was made this Rhyme in derision, beginning 
thus : — 

* The Earl of Argyle is boand to ride 
From the border of Edgebacklin brae, 

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XXX Historiccd and jt)e8criptive Account 

And all his habergeons him beside, 
Each man apon a sonke of strae ; 
They made their vow that thej would slay, etc' "* 

(2) Billy Hill. — The farm place of Billy Hill stood less 
than a quarter of a mile to the west of Billy Castle. It 
was taken down about the end of last century, or the 
beginning of this. 

(3) AsHFiELD stood at no great distance to the south of 
the castle. The farmhouse was demolished about 40 years 
ago. The last tenant of Ashfield was a person of the name 
of Greenfield. 

(4) Billy Mill stood on the north bank of Bunkle burn, 
about a mile to the S. by W. of the castle. The last tenant 
of the place was an individual of the name of Miller. It 
was taken down in December 1845. Several places in the 
neighbourhood were thirled to this mill, or were bound to 
grind their corn here ; among these places was Fairlaw, in 
the parish of Coldingham. Thomas Brodie was tenant here 
in 1760 ; he was succeeded by Thomas Allan. The other 
tenants after him were John Weatherly, George Purves, 
William Walker, John Clinkscales, John Lyall, Robert Bell, 
and .... Miller. 

(5) Little Billy lay rather more than a mile to the 
south-west of the castle, about half way between the Draedan 
and Bunkle burns, about 6 miles to the east of Duns, and 
12 miles to the west of Berwick. A number of old ash 
trees still stand upon its site. It was a farm of about 250 
acres. Little Billy appears to have been a kind of " moated 
grange," as about 50 years ago the remains of a deep moat 
or ditch, extending around the buildings, and enclosing an 

* Billie Castle was one of the Border strongholds taken and partly 
demolished in Hertford's raid of 1544. Some notices of its history 
will be fonnd in Carr's History of Coldingham. The site is now 
drained, and most of it is nnder cultivation. The estate of Billie is 
the property of Colonel David Milue Home of Wedderbarn, Billie, 
and Paxton. 

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Hiatoriccd arid Descriptive Account xxxi 

extent of 3 or 4 acres, were quite visible. Being thus a 
sort of fortified place, it was no doubt called Little Billy in 
contradistinction to Billy proper. It was a very old fashioned 
place ; all the houses, farmhouse included, which bore the 
distinction of " The Ha'," were constructed internally with a 
hallcm w(i\ large projecting lums, massive oaken kipples, and 
were mostly thatched with rye-straw. There were three or 
four houses besides the Ha' ; one of these bore the reputation 
of being haunted, because a woman of the name of Landles, a 
relative of a former tenant, had "put down" herself, or taken 
away her own life, by suspending her body from a kipple- 
bawk in the butt of her house. She was buried in the 
outskirts of the farm, in a marshy spot, by the side of 
" Jock's-hole-loanin'," which runs between the lands of Billy 
' and Lintlaw. This was a wild and desolate spot at that 
time, in the midst of a moor, and before any fences were 
constructed as boundary to field or path. ["In 1723, the 
practice of enclosing lands for agricultural purposes was 
introduced for the first time into Scotland. (There were 
fences, we have no doubt, before this time in Scotland.) 
The immediate consequence was, that multitudes of poor 
cottars, dispossessed of their small plots, were cast out 
unmercifully to starve, and distracted by the cries of their 
wives and children, rose tumultuously in Galloway, and des- 
troyed the enclosures." {The Wodrow Correspondence^ Vol. 3, 
p. 125, 1843.)] The place is now all drained and cultivated. 
Little Billy was a romantic kind of place. About a hundred 
and fifty years ago the herd's wife here was carried away 
by the fairies, and as they bore her away they sang out : — 

" Hey, howe hilly, 
The herd's wife o' Little Billy 
Is a wild and spankin' filly, 
Owre the Broom-stabs wi' her ! '* 

Her husband was immediately apprised of this illegal 
abstraction, and he made after the rovers ; he ran on in 
a state of distraction, . keeping in sight of the cavalcade, 
crying out, " In the Lord's name set her down," and beseech- 

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xxzii Historical and Descriptive Account 

ing his beloved to come back and take care of her bairns ! 
The mention of the name of the Almighty dissolved the spell, 
and the fairy marauders were necessitated very reluctantly 
to let her go. It is said that she ever afterwards continued 
in a state of forlorn despondency, and took no interest in 
any earthly thing, so that her husband and family had no 
comfort with her so long as she lived, and her death was a 
relief to' all concerned. It is said, too, that when taken 
away, she was about to bring an addition to the shepherd's 
family, and having neglected to place in the shelf of the 
bed the Bible, or her husband's breeches, as an antidote to 
the fairy influence at that interesting period, she was seized 
by four of the fairies, who carried her off in a sheet. 
"We trace also the footsteps of some nameless Rhymer about 
Little Billy, who is said to have written the following verses 
on the woman who committed suicide there, and some other 
pieces, which are now irrecoverably lost : — 

" Ah, poor Lizzy Landles I what a hangin* was thine ! 
And they've ta'en thee away to the gfreen bog side, 
Where low 'maog the rashes year rest winna tyne ; 
Your bed it is lang, your bed it is wide, 
And loand you're lying by the green bog side, 
Where the lands o' Billy and Lintlaw meet, 
Where the breeze owre the heather is soughing sweet, 
As she lies below without shroud or sheet ; 
Ah^ poor Lizzy Landles, what tempted thee 
To hang yoursel on the bawks sae hie ? 
To an anld aik kipple she tied the rope. 
And hung at its end wi' the deil at her feet. 
Till she was as dead as the nail i' the door — 
And they've buried her like a dog therefore, 
In a hole o' the bog where three lairds' lands meet. 
And a cairn o' stanes now lies on her banes, 
That moulder away without aches or granes j 
And a willow tree waves by the loanin' green, 
Where Lizzy's grave may still be seen ; 
And she slumbers as sound in her lonely bed 
As thae who' re in tombs o' marble laid."* 

* These lines are doubtless Dr Henderson's own. An older minstrel 
T^ould not; l^ave written so tenderly of a suicide. 

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Historical and Descriptive Account zxziii 

We have said that Little Billy was a sort of poetical 
place, and so we still think it. There existed on the farm, 
till the year 1813, a striking memorial of long past ages 
— a memorial which was well calculated to elicit sparks 
of poetry in a susceptible mind ; this was a large cairn, 
which had been raised above the mortal remains of 
some warlike , chieftain who had fallen in battle not long 
subsequent to, or perhaps before, the commencement of the 
Christian era. It was a large mound of earth and stones, 
surrounded, except on the S.E. side, by massive blocks of 
granite, each of them several tons in weight. When this 
cairn was removed, a grave made with flagstones was found 
in its centre. This grave was filled with ashes and some 
decayed human bones ; but no other relic, so far as we have 
heard, was discovered. Several barrows and tumuli existed 
in the neighbourhood, but these were long since levelled by 
the plough — indications, we have no doubt, of a field of 
battle. A column of unhewn stone stood at a little distance 
to the east of the above-mentioned cairn. This was said to 
be the remains of a Druidical temple, and it was called 
" The Altar " by those who had long resided near the place, 
and sometimes " The Pech-stane." Concerning this cromlech, 
we picked up in our boyhood the following rhyme from the 
lips of an old superstitious carle, of whom we will have 
something more to say later on. The Pech-stane still exists 
on its ancient site : — 

*' By the cairn and Pech-stane 
Grisly Draedan sat alane ; 
Billy wi' a kent sae stout, 
Cries 'I'll tarn grisly Draedan ont ! ' 
Draedan lench, and stalk' d awa, 
And vanish' d in a babanqua'."* 

* Carr's History of Coldingham Priory ^ pp. 9 and 10. See also 
Popular Rhymes of BerwicJcshirey p. 8. The field in which the Pech- 
utane is situated bears the name of the " Standing Stane Field." A 
cist was unearthed in this field about two years ago (Hist, of Ber^ 
^at Cluh, 1898, p. 340.) 

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xxjdv Historicai and Descriptive Aoeouni 

It is impossible to say to what mysterious event this 
refers. Draedan is the name of a small neighbouring rivnlet 
which flows into Billy Mire. Along its banks there was at 
one time a deep moss, and near the northern side of this 
moss, where another small rill meets the Draedan burn, 
there existed in our time a deep quagmire or babanqua, into 
which we are told a man once sank, and was seen no more ! 
Another rhyme, which delighted our boyish years, referred 
to Little Billy and places adjacent; it can still call up in 
our minds some pleasing associations : — 

« Little Billy, Billy Mill, 
Billy MaiDs, and Billy Hill, 
Ashfield and Aacbencraw, 
Ballerhead and Pefferlaw, 
There's bonny lasses in tbem a'." 

There's silly gowks in them a'. 

We could repeat a few more rhymes of a modern date 
about Little Billy, but there is, in all conscience, enough of 

More than the half of the farm of Little Billy is of a 
light sandy, or moory soil — being of that quality which ia 
sometimes called "deaf" — the crops on which look fresh, 
vigorous, and beautiful, until about mid-summer, when they 
turn yellow and decay, and a crop of swine-thistles, day- 
nettles, etc., succeeds ; this, however, takes place only on 
particular spots, and may be in a great measure prevented 
by proper culture and manure. 

[The soil of Little Billy in several places "has a fine, free 
appearance, and is often of considerable depth, but wanting 
consistency or tenacity; in other words, not having a sufficient 
admixture of clay in its composition to retain manure or 
moisture. This soil is provincially termed deaf, and is almost 
entirely composed of finely pulverized sand of several shades 
of brown, sometimes, especially when wet, almost black like 
fine garden mould. This is most extremely infertile, and very 

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Historical cmd Descriptive Account itxxv 

speedily exhausts or consumes muck or farmyard manure. 
Under superior management it may be brought to carry 
tolerable crops of turnips and grass ; but the grain crops 
upon it are invariably false in the ear {sloomy\ and its grass 
is extremely liable to become quite dry, as if burnt up, in 
droughts of any endurance. Generally oats or barley look 
fresh and green upon this kind of soil till about the middle 
of June, and then they become yellow, and soon entirely 
fade away, and a luxuriant crop of sow-thistles and other 
weeds springs up in their place." — Kerr^s Agric. Bep, of 

Fifty years ago a large portion of this farm was uncultivated, 
and mostly covered with whins and broom ; large spaces by 
the burn sides, and by the comers of many of the fields, 
were in bog, moss, and meadow, which produced annually 
many hundred stones of fine meadow hay. The farmhouse 
and offices of Little Billy were taken down in 1813, and 
three cot-houses built farther to the east, near the banks of 
the Draedan bum. These have also recently disappeared, 
and Little Billy exists now only in name, and in the 
recollection of those who spent their early days under its 
lowly roofs, who may call to mind its old grey ash — "old 
a century before our day" — its copious, its mosses, 
meadows, green braes, and burn sides. The mind lingers 
with fondness on the scenes of infancy : what hallowed 
associations crowd the imagination as we survey, through 
"the postern of time long elapsed," the ground of our early 
sports and pastimes ! 

The tenants of Little Billy for the last hundred years 
were Landels ; Grieve (of the Post House at Aldcambus) ; 
Thomas Henderson ; his brother, George Henderson ; then 
his son John, who left it at Whitsunday, 1812 ; then 
John Allan ; and his grandson, John Allan, the present 

* Half a' centary of caiti nation on modern lities has rendered this 
description no longer applicable. 

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kxxvi historical cmd Descriptive Account 

(6) Billy Burn. — In a rocky ravine called " Preston Cleugh," 
to the west of Bunkle Church, and which is supposed to be 
the ancient "Crachoctre" mentioned in the ancient charters 
as being a part of the boundary of Coldinghamshire,* arises 
a fine perennial fountain of water, which may be said to be 
the origin of Billy burn, although the stream thus formed is 
for a portion of its course called Bunkle burn. Through the 
ravine just mentioned now passes the road from ' Duns to 
Bankhouse or Tammy Grant's! ; and where it opens to the 
north, on the edge of the moor, is a fine circular or British 
encampment, in a good state of preservation. Its mounds 
and trenches are covered with a vivid green, presenting a 
rich contrast to the brown heathy moor on the north and 
east. The origin of the stream thus indicated, being soon 
increased by mossy sykes, fountains, and little rills, passes 
Bunkle church and manse on its way to the east. A little 
below Slighhouses it receives the Marygold burn, and after 
being increased by many nameless springs and rills, falls into 
Billy Mire, below Billy Mill, which it supplied with water 
power. The Draedan burn, an accumulation of many small 
rills, which arose in the wet mossy ground to the west 
of Billy Castle, falls into Billy Mire, below Billy Mains. 
Fosterland burn has its origin in some marshy ground on 
the heights to the west of Warlaw Bank, and after being 
joined by the Greenburn and other lesser rivulets, passes close 
under the ruins of Billy Castle, and skirting the Nun Meadow, 
loses itself in Billy Mire, also a little to the east of Billy 
Mains. Auchencrow, or the Nouley burn, which rises in 
Shielupdikes Moss, and skirts the village of Auchencrow, .and 
receiving also an accession from the east, from part of the 
lands of Ferney Castle, Stoneshiel, Muirmontrig, Greenhead, 
and Fairlaw, enters the mire a little to the east of the 

* Coldingham Charters, Nos. 14 and 36. Appendix to Rainess North 
Durham. The site of Crachoctre (the cross by the oak tree P) cannot 
be determined, bat it mast have been considerably farther to the 
north-east or east than the spot here indicated. 

t Now Grants House. 

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ffistoricai cmd descriptive Account ixxvii 

former stream; and, lastly, the greater part of the drainage 
of the mire itself, and the adjoining lands — with the small 
rills of Pefferlaw, and BuUerhead, Todrig, and Blanerne burns 
— these being all united into one stream, a little above 
Chirnside Mill, form what is called Billy burn. A little 
above its mouth it impels the machinery of the said mill, 
and just above its termination in the Whitadder it is crossed 
by a rustic bridge of one arch, where the road passes from 
Chirnside to lintlaw. It will be seen that the' low lands 
through which this stream passes may truly be called "a 
streamy vale." It abounds with trouts, eels, loaches, stickle- 
back, minnows, and lampreys, or " nine-ee'd eels " ; many 
species of fresh-water shells are abundant in the bed of the 
stream, and many interesting plants may be found on its 

(7) Billy Mire. — This morass lies in a singular narrow 
valley extending several miles, from east to west, along the 
northern boundary of the parish of Chirnside, and dividing 
that parish from those of Bunkle and Coldingham. Upon 
its banks are several inconsiderable elevations, consisting 
chiefly of water-run sand and gravel ; among these, on the 
south side, near the farmhouse of Causewaybank, the Pyper- 
knowe is the most remarkable. Forty years ago this knoll 
was completely covered with a luxuriant crop of broom, 
which might have vied in length and beauty with that on 
the far-famed Cowdenknowes itself. 

Billy Mire was, not many years ago, an impassable barrier, 
except at certain places where causeways were laid down to 
carry over the public path. In the times of Border feud 
and disorder, these causeways were taken up to prevent the 
passage of the lawless moss-troopers and marauders. The 
principal causeway was near the spot where the Chirnside 
road to Auchencrow now passes, as the mire was here 
narrowest ; and tradition avers that a causeway was first 
constructed here by the "masters of the world" — the Romans 
— and the farm of Causewaybank takes its name from this 
circumstance. Till about the year 1812 this fen remained 

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xxxviii Historical and Descriptive Account 

nearly in its original condition. Some years before this 
period, we believe, a large open drain had been formed along 
the middle of the morass, and this constitutes the boundary 
line of the contiguous parishes and estates. About the period 
mentioned it began to be drained and partly cultivated. It 
was full of deep moss hags or pits, and here and there low 
grey willow trees flourished by the margin of these deep 
black pools, and threw their shadows over their sombre 
surface; the tall bog reed covered it from end to end, and 
presented a beautiful appearance when its brown, feathery, 
and glossy heads were waving in the summer breeze. The 
wild angelica, queen of the meadow, bur-reed, and yellow 
iris also flourished there in undisturbed luxuriance. These 
are now almost completely eradicated, and the whole is under 
tillage. Into the cast [or large open drain above mentioned], 
along its centre, numerous covered drains are conducted, and 
what was once an impassable quagmire, is now good solid 
ground. During the winter, in those times, it presented 
frequently the appearance of a loch, and was frequented by 
thousands of wild ducks and other aquatic birds, now rarely 
to be seen in this country.* The cast is very apt to get 
choked up with water-cress, bur-i^eed, and other plants, in 
consequence of the want of declivity of its course, and 
requires to be frequently cleaned out, so that it is kept 
clear at considerable expense. About 30 acres on the farm 
of Causewaybank have been of late years allowed to go out 
of tillage, because of its dead level surface, there being little 
or no descent for its superfluous water. 

A treaty of peace was concluded at Billy Mire, between 
the Scots and English, on the " 27th day of Juyne, the 
yeir of grace 1386." The two wardens of the East Marches, 
Lord Nevill and the Earls of Douglas and March, were the 
delegated parties on this occasion. This truce was to continue 

* According to Mr M airhead (Introdaction to Birds of Berwickshire) 
the Bittern and Hen Harrier were among the birds which haunted 
this morass. Both have been seen Ih the looalit/ within liring 

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HiiUmcal and DeBcripiive Aocovni xxxlz 

a year, but it was afterwards prolonged to the 19th June 

(8) Billy Mains. — A farm now comprehending all the 
places above enumerated, extending to about 900 acres of 
mostly superior land of the finest quality, and adapted to 
almost every species of farm produce. Twelve cottages of 
excellent accommodation, and a new farmhouse, have been 
recently erected, and all offices suitable for a farm of such 
extent. A little to the west of the onstead there is a piece 
of water called Otley Spat. This is used as a damhead 
for driving the thrashing mill. It is adorned with a few 
beautiful aquatic plants, and is the resort of a few birds. 
It was here, in former times, that the game of curling was 
often performed, and several bonspiels between the parishes 
of Bunkle and Chimside were played with spirit and eclat; 
the last game of the kind celebrated here was about the 
year 1808 or 1809. 

(9) Bdanernk. — The estate of Blanerne, containing 960 
arable acres, and 45 of wood, lies chiefly along the north 
bank of the Whitadder, on the southern extremity of the 
parish. This estate formed, in old times, a portion of the 
domains of the Earls of Angus. « On the 15th June 1329, 
John Stuart, Earl of Angus, granted a charter to Gilbert de 
Lunisden, investing him in the lands of Blanerne; and here, 
about that' period, was no doubt erected the old Border 
fortalice on the banks of the Whitadder, the ruins of which, 
near the mansion house, form an interesting and picturesque 
object at the present day. The chiefs of Lumsden, after the 
time specified, forsook their domains at Lumsden, and made 
Blanerne their principal residence. Several members of the 
family make some appearance in their country's history. 
Descendants of the ancient family of Lumsden have possessed 
the estate down to the present time, which is now, or was 
recently, represented by Mary Lilias Lumsdaine, widow of 
the Rev. Edward Sandys Lumsdaine, rector of Hardres,. in 

* See Chalmer^s Ca2«<2onta, Vol. ii.; p. 265^ au(| tb^ fbnthQriti90 th^re 

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xl Historical cmd Descriptive Account 

Kent.* It is probable, though there is no record of the 
fact, that there was, in old times, a place of worship here, 
as there is a field still called "The Chapel-tree Park." 

(9a) Hammebhall. — A place on the road from Blaneme to 
Lintlaw, where there is a smithy. About 40 years ago there 
was a small farm place here, the last tenant of which was 
Alexander Gray. 

(10) Blanebne East Side. — An excellent farm on the 
estate of Blanerne, forming its most easterly portion. It has 
been tenanted by a family of the name of Blackadder for at 
least a century, one of whom, the late Mr John Blackadder, 
was an eminent land surveyor, and author of a map of 
Berwickshire. Ewe-hole, the name of two or three cottages, 
stood on this farm, overlooking the picturesque banks of 
the Whitadder, and where was wrought for some years a 
sandstone quarry of good quality, called "The Ewe-hole 
Quarry." These cottages are now removed. 

(11) Blanerne West Side. — Lies on the north bank of 
the Whitadder, and contains 362 acres of good land. The 
present tenant is Mr Dalgleish. [Mr Adam Calder in 1866.] 

(12) Marden. — A small farm on Blaneme estate, to the 
west of the former place, t 

(13) Easter Crooksfield [or Cruicksfield.] — A small estate 
of 52 acres to the N.W. of Blaneme. The proprietor is Mr 
Hately, who farms it himself. A Mr Alexander Blackadder 
was proprietor here about the commencement of the present 
century. [The proprietor is now (1854) Mr John Elliot.] 

(14) Wester Crooksfield. — Another small estate lying to 
the west of the former. There was a Mr Greorge Tumbull 
of Crooksfield in 1707.t 

* Garr*s History of Coldinghamy p. 82. GhaXmers's Caledonia. Mr 
Edwin Robert John Sandys Lnmsdaine is now proprietor. 

t The three farms last mentioned are now occnpied by Mr Sandys 
Lnmsdaine, the proprietor. 

\ The present owner 19 Mrs Ann Elizabeth Molesworth^ Bristol, 

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Historical cmd Deacriptive Account xli 

(15) Prbston. — In traversing the parish to the west, along 
the Whitadder, we next reach the farm and village of Preston, 
the name probably being derived from the British preaSy a 
thicket or copsewood, and tun, a town or farm. Preston, 
till the early part of last century, formed a parish by itself; 
it was then united to Bunkle. The two manors of Preston 
and Bunkle, as the property of the same family, were virtually 
united. The last Thomas Stewart, Earl of Angus, who died 
in 1377, granted to Thomas Reidpath 15 husbandlands and 7 
cottage crofts in "villa de Prestoun, et baronia de Bonkill": 
this grant was confirmed by Robert II., in 1379. Neither 
the church of i*reston nor Bunkle appears in the ancient 
Taocatio ; neither do these two parishes seem to have belonged 
to any religious house.* 

The last of the Episcopal ministers, or curates, was Mr 
Alexander Nicolson, A.M., who was expelled by force by 
the populace, after the Revolution. It is said that the mob 

* Choi mere* 8 Caledonia. New Statistical Account. Chalmers derives 
the name Preston " from the Saxon Preaf-tun, the town of the 
Priest" — a mauh more probable etymology. The churches of Bankle 
and Preston belonged to the bishopric of Dnnkeld. They are 
mentioned in Baiamand's Roll, 1274-5, and in the Will of Gavin 
Douglas, the famous poet-bishop of Dunkeld, quoted in the Intro- 
duction to Mr Small's edition of his Works. Even after the 
Reformation — during the long struggle with Episcopacy — they retained 
their connection with that See, as appears from the Acts of the 
Synod of Dunkeld, and various entries in the Session Register of 
Boncle. They were united by direction of Parliament (Account of 
the State of certain Parishes in Scotland^ 1627 : Maitland Club) in 
1621 ; but the arrangement does not appear to have met with 
approval locally, for very soon afterwards an unsuccessful appeal 
was made by the Presbytery to the patron to have them again 
disunited. Service seems to have been conducted in Bunkle church 
for the most part, until it was translated to Preston, by order of 
the Synod of Dunkeld, in 1668 (see pp. 28-30 of Session Register.) 
There was still, however, occasional sermon at Bunkle, and in 1688 
it woald seem to have been the minister's custom to preach in the 
two churches alternately. At length, both churches having become 
dilapidated, that at Bankle was repaired, and a manse built there 
for the minister^ in 1718, which is usually ^iven as the year of th^ 

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zlii Historical amd Descriptive Account 

took out the furniture of his house, and burned it before 
the door, and sunk the bell of the kirk in a weil or pool 
of the Whitadder, just above the present bridge of Preston. 
This Mr Nicolson was subsequently a curate of Holy Island, 
and died 4th September 1711. The following curious extract 
from his will, dated 31st August 1711, is quoted by Raine: — 
"The Duke of Douglas owes me 550 Scots marks for serving 
the cure of Bunkle and Preston from 1685 to 1690. The 
heirs of Dr Nicolson, late parson of Errol (Carse of Gowrie, 
Perthshire), owe me 200 marks Scots. The heirs of Mr 
Robert Bowmaker, minister of St. Bothans, owe me 300 
marks; my wife and six children. Memorand. That, 1st 
August 1701, my Lady Marquiess of Dowglass paid the said 
Mr Nicolson 100 marks for 1684, at her lodging in ^Ekiin- 
burgh, her Ladyship's brother. Lord Charles, and the laird of 

anion of the parishes, althongh, as has been pointed oat, this took 
place nearly a centaiy earlier. 

The followinj^ list of ministers has been taken from Scott's Fasti 
EeelesicB Seoticana : — 


William Sinclair, 1582- 1599. 
George Redpath, A.M., 1599-1607. 
Matthew Carrail, 1607.1612. 

John Qaittis, 1614-1640. Killed at the blowing ap of Dunglass 
Robert Golden, A.M., 1650-1664. 
George Trotter, A.M., 1665 and 1677. 
Alexander Nicolson, A.M., 1678-1689. 
Alexander Colden, A.M., 1690-1693. 
Ninian Home, A.M., 1696-1704. 
Walter Hart, A.M., 1706-1761. 
Robert Doaglas, 1765-1801. 
John Campbell, 1802-1818. 
Archibald McConochy, 1819-1843. 
John Danlop, 1843-1880. 
Ladovic Mair, 1880. 

William Sinclair, 1690-1616. 

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Bistorical and Descriptvoe Account xliii 

Thirlstane being present." Mr Nicolson was curate of Holy 
Island from the 20th August 1701 till 4th September 1711, 
where he died.* When he left Preston, he carried away with 
him the Church Records, which are still in the possession of 
some of his descendants, at Loanend, near Union Bridge, t 

He was succeeded by Mr Ninian Home, in 1696, a man 
who, it appears, possessed very eminent abilities ; but as we 
learn from the Memoirs of the Rev. Thomas Boston, who 
seems to have known him well, he was by no means famed 
as a religious person. Having subsequently acquired immense 
property, and being heard to say that if he lived a few years 
longer he could purchase the whole of the Merse, he was 
afterwards called " Ringhan the Conqueror." He was, after 
being some years minister of Preston, transported to the 
parish of Sprouston in 1704, but was ultimately deposed by 
his Presbytery, as we have already related, on account of his 
" un tender " and unministerial conduct. 

The ruins of the church of Preston lie on the top of a 
wooded bank, overlooking a haugh of very fine land, the 
public road to Duns passing just under the bank.' The 
Whitadder, which is here crossed by a substantial bridge of 
three arches, flows a little to the south, the banks of which 
river are here beautifully wooded on the lands of Cumledge, 
Broomhouse, and Preston, the modern castellated mansion of 
Broomhouse being seen emerging from its verdant groves 
about a mile to the east. 

The churchyard of Preston, lying in front of the ruined 
kirk, is of considerable extent, and is still used as a burying 
ground. The ruins are not of much interest. There are 
no remains of sculptured window or door, and no ancient 
inscription. The structure seems to have been originally of 
the simplest pretension, and its size, at a rough guess, may 
have been between 40 and 50 feet in length, and 15 in 
breadth between the walls. There are two very small and 

* Baine's North Durham^ p. 154, where 4th September 1711 is given 
as the date of Mr Nicolson's burial. 

t See Note bj Mr Eomaiics iu Appendix, p. 126. 

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xliv Historical and Descriptive Account 

narrow gothic windows still remaining in the eastern gable, 
and one of the same size in the southern wall. The area 
within the walls is now chiefly appropriated as a place of 
sepulture by some of the more wealthy families in the district.* 
In the adjoining "field of graves" there are no monuments 
which deserve any particular notice. As in all our country 
places of burial, there is the usual proportion of upright flags 
and flat throughs, and many small stones, grey with moss 
and lichen, half sunk in the ground ; ihese last are usually 
sculptured with angel's heads and wings, skulls, cross-bones, 
hour-glasses, etc., and some having figures of men in the 
antiquated garb of the time, being about 150 or 160 years 
ago. Several narrow stones lie along the ground, with their 
inscriptions obliterated ; others with inscriptions which you 
can make out with difficulty. 

" The flafc smooth stones that bear a name, 
The chisel's slender help to fame ; 
(Which ere our set of friends decay 
Their freqaent steps may wear awayj, 
A middle race of mortals own, 
Men, half ambitions, all unknown." 


There is something peculiarly touching in these simple 
memorials of the "rude forefathers of the hamlet." They 
had, indeed, a short posthumous renown, mostly being for- 
gotten even by the generations that saw them committed 
to the dust, and now their very names are not known even 
by their great grand-children. . Alas, what a poor thing 
is worldly fame ! A churchyard remembrance — an earthly 
immortality is short-lived, indeed ! Yet who would not rather 
choose such a green and rural spot, for their last abode, 
than the dingy crowded cemeteries of towns and cities ! — 
a green and sunny spot, where 

* For descriptions of the churches of B ankle and PrestOD, see Rist, 
Ber. Naf. Gluh, Vol. xiii., pp. 95-99; also Vol. xvi., p. 19, and the 
Works there referred to. 

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fftstoriccd and Descriptive Account xlv 

" The frail blae-bell peereth over, 
With the rare broidery of the pnrple clover." 

We found here a stone to the memory of "William Carlisle, 
who died at Blanerne, on the 15th of September 1831, aged 
108 y^ars, and Catherine Mitchell, his wife, who died on 
the 10th April 1818, aged 82 years." This William Carlisle 
was a native of the west of Scotland, and he was long 
coachman to Lumsden of Blanerne. There is a painting of 
him, when past 100 years of age, by Thomson of Edinburgh, 
in Blanerne House. He was blind for some years before 
he died. 

Amidst scenery of the most rich and beautiful description 
lies the village of Preston, between two and three miles from 
Duns, and about fourteen west from Berwick. The village, 
which seems never to have been very extensive, has nearly now 
dwindled down to a single farmhouse, with its various cottages 
and offices. These last are extensive, as the farm consists 
of above 950 acres of most valuable land, all under one 
tenant. In former times the lands of Preston were possessed 
by a number, not less than seven or eight, of tenants, and 
these had their dwelling houses, barns, byres, etc., standing 
contiguous, with the smith's, joiner's, cooper's, etc., shops, 
which constituted the village. Some houses still remain, with 
antiquated gables, and covered with mossy thatch, and having 
one or two very small windows, which bear evidence that 
they have stood at least a century of years. In respect to 
the dwellings of the farm labourers at Preston, it appears 
that modern improvements have not yet reached them. They 
are no better than they were 50 years ago, being small, 
inconvenient cottages, with only one fireplace, having very 
small windows of only six panes, and the lattice not made 
to open in any way, and they are still thatched with straw. 
[New houses built about 1850.] 

About the middle of the village stand the remains of the 
ancient market cross — a small square column of sandstone — 
which, with its base, may be about eight feet in height. 
It bears no date or inscription of any kind. It has stood 

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xlvi Stistoriocd and Descriptive Account 

there from time immemorial, and there is even no tradition 
told about it by ancient natives of the place. 

We were recently told by an aged person, who received 
it from his grandfather, that when Preston was visited with 
the plague — at some remote period — ^two or three of the most 
venerable inhabitants of the place were appointed by the rest 
of the natives to parade through the village with the largest 
onions they could find, fixed to the points of halberts, in 
order to collect the infection of that terrible disease; and 
when the onions were saturated, which was known by their 
becoming black — with the miasm or malaria of the plague — 
they were taken away and buried at the back of the church ! 
It is a popular belief, in Scotland and elsewhere, that onions 
have a peculiar susceptibility of drawing infection, and we 
have heard people cautioned against going into a house where 
fever prevailed with onions about their person. 

An officer appointed by the lord of the soil, as baron 
baillie for the barony of Bunkle and Preston, usually resides 
in the village.* There are scattered groups of large old 
ash trees and plane, which seem to have stood around the 
kail-yards and cottages of former times. 

At the Battle of Langside, which decided the fate of the 
unfortunate Mary, "on the Regent's side were slain only one 
man, a tenant of the Erie of Morton, in Preston in the 
Merse, named John Ballon, or Ballony." In Pitcairn's Crim. 
Trials^ he is called James Ballanye. 

On the 2nd July 1544, Sir George Bowes, Henry Eure, 
Thomas Beaumont, etc., with their companions, "brent the 
town of Preston, "t 

* The house said to have been assigned to the chamberiains of the 
Earls of Ans:as is still extant, and is occupied by the forester on 
the estate. The heraldic bearings of the Doaglas faraily are carved 
on the skews of the east gable. In the adjoining garden is an ivy- 
covered rain, with a stone bearing the date 1698, and the initials 
W.E.A. (William Earl Angns.) The modern mansion of Bonkyl Lodge, 
the property of the Earl of Home, stands some little distance to the 
east of the village. 

t Extracts from the Talbot Fdpers printed in Eaiue's North Durham. 

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Historical one? Descriptive Account xlvii 

Primrose Hill — sometimes called West Preston — lies to the 
west of Preston, is a farm of 610 acres, 172 in pasture, 
bounded on the south and west by the Whitadder. There 
is a considerable quantity of young wood on the farm, along 
the banks of the Whitadder. It lies three miles from 
Duns, fifteen from Berwick, and twelve from Eyemouth. On 
the north side of the farm lies a steep uncultivated tract, 
nearly opposite Cockburn Law. This is called the Stainshel 
Hill. It is thickly clothed with whins and ferns, and from 
among these are seen peeping out, in several places, the 
shelving rocks, grey and hoary with time. This is probably 
the scene of William Dudgeon's fine song, "The Maid that 
tends the Goats." Mr Dudgeon was a native of East 
Lothian, and lived at Primrose Hill, which place he farmed. 
He was a man of poetical tastes and talents, but the song 
just referred to is almost the sole fruit of his muse — at 
least, so far as we know. It will keep alive his memory, 
while any taste for Scottish song remains.* It is only a 
few years since a Mr Dudgeon died here; he was related 
to the poet, and a character of some eccentricity. Primrose 
Hill is a fine botanical field. The Digitalis purpurea 
(Foxglove) is very abundant on the Stainshel. 

(16) Ordwkil [Hoardweel.] — To the north of Preston lies 
the farm of Ordweil, containing about 800 acres, part being 
still uncultivated moor. It is five miles N.E. from Duns, 
and fifteen miles from Dunbar. The old onstead of Ordweil 
stood upon the top of a steep wooded bank overhanging the 
Whitadder, at a place called the " Strait-loup," the water 
running through a narrow chasm in the rock, and falling 
below into a deep pool or weil. . The name is probably 
derived from the Gael ard — high, steep ; and the affix weil — 
the height by the weil or pool. There are vestiges of an 
ancient British encampment at Ordweil ; and at the foot of 
the bank, by the Strait-loup, stand two cottages called the 

* For a notice of William Dadgeon — whom Barns characterised as 
" a poet at times "—see Mr Crockett's MiiMtreUy of the Merse, pp. 

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xlviii Historical and Descriptive AccowrU 

"Copper Mine," because there was a mine of copper wrought 
here 50 or 60 years ago. A very merry wedding was 
celebrated here about that time, concerning which there 
existed a ballad^ only the following two lines of which we 
have been able to rescue from oblivion : — 

*' There was little meat and mackle mirth 
At Little Bauldj's wedding." 

Tradition says that a giant once had his dwelling on 
Cockburn Law, at Edin's (Etinsi) Hall, and he was known 
to make off sometimes with his neighbour's cattle, crossing 
the " Strait-loup " with a large ox on his shoulder with as 
much ease as a person of ordinary strength could have done 
with a lamb.* 

(17) Drake Myrk. — Lies in the north of the parish, and 
contains between 1500 and 1600 acres, chiefly moor. [Much 
of it has been recently reclaimed.] 

(18) Mayfield. — A small estate, the property of Mr 
Dunlop. It lies on the east side of the parish, about six 
miles east from Duns. Here is a verse of a ballad on 
the fairies, which alludes to Mayfield : — 

*' At midnight still on Mayfield hill, 
Where Moon wort grew in dern, 
The faii7 qneen tript o*er the green, 
'Maug heather-bells and fern. 

The Fairies o' Fosterland.f 

(19) Blackhouse. — Adjoining Mayfield, on the west, lies 
the farm of Blackhouse, containing about 500 acres. It is 
the property of the Earl of Home. On the eastern bank of 
Fosterland burn there existed, about 50 years ago, a very 
large British encampment, traces of which may still be 

* The same tradition is referred to by Chambers, The Picture of 
Scotland^ Vol. i., p. 58. 
t Dr Henderson, 

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ffiatoncai ana peacriptive Account 3cUi 

Seen. This camp was broken up and levelled by Mr George 
Aitcheson, a former tenant. Fosterland burn has its rise 
on the hill above Blackhouse; it was a noted fairy scene in 
ancient times. David Downieson, for many years barn-man 
at Little Billy — and who was a walking depositary of ancient 
legends, songs, and stories — declared that he had many a 
time heard their music by this stream, but he never had 
the luck to see the musicians themselves. The hamlet of 
Fosterland stood on the low ground, by the side of the 
stream, a little to the west of Mayfield. "The fairy-folk o* 
Fosterland " are celebrated in an old rustic rhyme. Foster- 
land is a contraction of Forester-land, the forester of Bunkle 
Wood having resided at this place. Bunkle Wood covered 
all the hills now called Bunkle Edge, and extended from 
Fosterland, on the east, to a place called Woodend, near 
Preston, on the west. In this wood, Wallace — the brave, 
immortal Wallace — lay with his followers, one night when 
he "put Cospatrick out of Scotland." After the Battle of 
Spotmoor, the heroic Wallace pursued Patrick, the 8th Earl 
of Dunbar (surnamed "Black-beard"), and Bishop Bek, on 
their flight to Norham. It is said, by tradition, that 
Scotland's deliverer lay that night, with his wearied followers, 
in Bunkle Wood. On his return next day, the Champion — 
still mindful of the odium attached to his name by the 
Earl of Dunbar, who, in contempt, had called him " King 
of Kyll"— 

" That King of Kyll, I can nooht understand, 
Of him I held nev^er a fnrr of land" — 

laid waste the Earl's domains, as is related by the minstrel, 
who says that Wallace 

" Passit with mony awf all men, 
On Patrikis land, and waistit wondyr fast ; 
Tuk oat gadis, and placis down thai cast 
His stedis, seven, that mete hamys was caii'd, 

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l ttistorioai cmd Descriptive Account 

Wallace ^rt break thai barlj byg^yngis baold, 
Baithti in the Merss, and a Is in Lothinne 
Except Danhar, standand he levit nane.''* 

This was about the year 1296. It is to us, therefore, con- 
secrated ground. The last inhabitant of Fosterland was a 
person of the name of Aikman. 

(20) Marygold. — To the west of Blackhouse lies the farm 
of Marygold, extending to about 820 acre«. It comprehends 
the abrogated farms of Bunkle East Mains and Bunkle West 
Mains, and the small tenants' lands about Bunkle village, for 
there was once a village there clustering around the ancient 
castle. In the remembrance of a very aged person, who 
deceased about twenty years ago, it consisted of a few low, 
black, and thatched hovels, inhabited by a number of smoke- 
dried weavers. Bunkle West Mains stood to the west of 
the castle. It is remembered in an old song, which, we are 
afraid, is now gone past memory, as our informant could 
only repeat the two following lines : — 

"The bride took a maggot, it was bat a maggot, 
She wadua gang by the West Mains to be married.'* 

The incident on which this song is founded was this : — 
A wedding party on their way to Bunkle to be united in 
the holy bonds of matrimony were brought to a dead halt 
at the West Mains, in consequence of the bride taking some 
whimsey into her head; she would not budge a foot for any 
persuasion ! Whether she at last " came to, like the bride of 
Winton," we never heard, but it is a very likely conclusion ; 

* Blind Harry's Wallace, Book viii., p. 194 ; Scottish Text Society's 
Edition. Dr Moir, the Minstrel's latest editor, considers the attack 
on Corspatriuk by Wallace " by no means an improbable episode." 
Professor Murison — Sir William Wallace; Famous Scots Series — has 
no doubt of its being historical. 

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JJistorical and Descriptive Account li 

and before the sun went down, we fancy, the piper would 
be heard playing ;— 

'* She'g yonrs, she's yonrs, 
She's nae mair ours, 
Owre the kirk style 
And away wi* her." 

A former tenant of Marygold was Mr Adam Weir, an 
out-spoken, strange, eccentric character. He once had a 
brood sow, which was the pest of the barnyard and adjoining 
fields. Men, boys, and dogs were all up in arms against 
her ; but Adam took her under his protection, and would 
not allow her to be ill-used, saying "She hadna a friend in 
the world but himself." This has passed into a proverb in 
the Merse, and when any wild, unlucky, and mischievous boy 
is exclaimed against by his neighbours, it is usual for some 
one to say "He's like Adam Weir's brood sow, he hasila a 
friend in the world." Mr John Murray succeeded Mr A. 
Weir as tenant of Marygold ; he lived here for above forty 
years, and left at Whitsunday 1854. Mr Bowhill is the 
present tenant. [Now Mr J. M. Watson.] 

(21) Crossgate Hall. — A house and smithy so called, 
between Marygold and Blackhouse, where a road takes over 
the hills to Drakemyre, etc. Here long resided John Ander- 
son, and his son, William Anderson, noted horse doctors in 
their day. 

(22) Slighhouses. — About half a mile to the south-east 
of Bunkle lie the farmhouse and estate of Slighhouses, 
containing about 200 acres of good land. It lies in a low 
situation, and is surrounded on all sides by the wide domain 
of the Earl of Home, and is the property of Mr Thomas Allan, 
having been purchased by his father, Mr John Allan. This 
firm is chiefly remarkable for having been the property of the 
late Dr James Hutton,* and the scene of almost the earliest 
improvements of agriculture in Scotland. After studying 

* Born in Edinburgh, 3rd June 1726. 

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lii Historical and Deaoriptive Account 

medicine in Edinburgh and Paris for five years, Dr Hutton 
took his medical degree at Leyden in 1749. He never 
entered into the practice of his profession. His father — who 
was a respectable merchant in Edinburgh — having left him 
the farm of Slighhouses, he turned his attention to agriculture, 
and for some time resided in the county of Norfolk, for the 
purpose of studying the modes of husbandry practised there ; 
and travelling through Holland, Brabant, Flanders, and Picardy 
for the same end, he returned to Scotland about the middle 
of summer 1754, and shortly after commenced improvements 
on his patrimonial estate. From Norfolk he brought with 
him a plough and ploughmen, and here exhibited the first 
example of good tillage. It was a novel sight for the sur- 
rounding farmers to see the plough drawn by two horses, 
without an accompanying driver, instead of the rude clumsy 
ploughs dragged along by four horses, or four or six owsen 
(oxen), and driven by a gauds-man. The new system was, 
however, found to succeed in all its parts, and was in a 
few years adopted by the principal farmers of Berwickshire, 
so that Dr Hutton has the credit of introducing the new 
husbandry into a country where it has, since his time, made 
more rapid improvements than in any other nation in Europe. 
Dr Hutton resided at Slighhouses till the year 1768, occa- 
sionally making a tour into the Highlands with his friend, 
Sir George Clerk, intent upon geological researches, as he was 
now studying that branch of science with unceasing energy 
and attention. He was the first propounder of what has 
been called " the Huttonian Theory of the Earth." Dr 
Hutton died on the 26th March 1797, and Slighhouses was 
inherited by his sisters. On the lands of Slighhouses two 
places formerly stood, one of which was called Sparrhouses, 
and the other Blinkbonny. About the beginning of last 
century, in 1707, the laird of Slighhouses was a person of 
the name of James Rentoune. 

(23) LiNTLAW Burn. — Built for the accommodation of the 
poor of the parish, and standing between Slighhouses farm 
cottages and Lintlaw, 

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Historical and Descriptive Acctmnt liii 

(24) LiNTLAW. — This farm consists chiefly of an elevated 
ridge of very fine land, lying to the south of Bunkle, and 
containing 1260 acres. Take it all in all, it is, we believe, 
one of the finest farms in Berwickshire, and may justly be 
called the very "yolk" of the Merse. It has one very great 
fault, however, and that is — its size. About 120 years ago 
it is said there were sixteen tenants in Lintlaw — in the 
memory of persons still living, there were four — and it would 
still make four or five excellent farms. The proprietor is 
the Earl of Home ; the present tenant Mr George Logan. 
[Afterwards Mr Abraham Logan ; now Mr Adam Calder.] 
There are sixteen cottages for the servants, built in the old- 
fashioned style, and not well adapted to the taste of the 
times. The parochial school and schoolmaster's house are 
situated here. For the last 70 years the schoolmasters have 
been the late Mr George Johnston, and his son, Mr Robert 
Johnston, the present incumbent.* An individual of consider- 
able eminence in the medical world, Dr John Brown, was 
born at Lintlaw in the year 1735. His father, Archibald 
Brown, was a weaver here ; his mother's name was Mary 
Allan. He was an eminent classical scholar, but a person 
of irregular and dissipated habits, and of very irascible 
temperament. He was a man who might have adorned the 
highest walks of society by his many brilliant qualities, had 
not his conduct made him fit only for the company of the 
lowest and most despicable characters. He died at London, 
7th October 1788, of a fit of apoplexy, being then little 
more than 50 years of age.f He was the founder of what 
is termed "the Brunonian System in Medicine" — a system 
little regarded at the present time. 

To the east of Lintlaw, on Bunkle burn, stood in former 
times Lintlaw Mill. It has been long since levelled with 
the ground, but we remember part of the walls standing in 
1812. The last tenant of this place was a Mr John Martin. 

* Mr Gabriel Mason now holds the offices of parish schoolmaster, 
heritors' clerk, registrar, and inspector of poor. 

t Chambers' 9 hives of lUustriom and J)iHtin^ui8h9d Scotsmen, 

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liv ffistoriccU cmd Descriptive AccomU 

In the fields about Lintlaw we have observed a greater 

abundance of the Centaurea Cyanus^ Corn Blue-bottle or 

Blawort, than we have seen anywhere else in the neigh- 

• The following list of the rarer plants found within the boandaries 
of the parish has been compiled from information kindly furnished 
by Mr Adam Anderson, Preston, from the notels of his brother, the 
late Mr John Anderson : — 

*Trolliu8 europcBuSy Linn. 

Corydalia claviculata, D.C. 

Arabia t?udianay linn. 

Viola hirta, linn. 

Droaera rotundifolia, Linn. 

Silene noctifloray Linn. 

Cerastium a/rvense, Linn. 

Stella/ria nemorum, Linn. 

Sagina nodoaa^ Meyer. 

Erodium cicutariumy Linn. 

Genista anglicay Linn. 

Geum intermediuniy Ehr. 
*Lythrum Salica/riay Linn. 

Peplis Portulay Linn. 
*Sedum vUlosumy Linn. 

Chryaoaplenium alternifoliuniy Linn. 

Silavs pratensis, Besser. 

Torilis nodosa, Scop. 

Heracleum Sphondyliurriy var. angustifolium. 

Linnfna borealis, Gronov. 

Galium boreale, Linn. 
„ Mollugoy Linn. 

Valeriana dioica, Linn. 

Campanula latifoliay Linn. 

Pyrola m^edia, Linn. 

Cuscuta Upithymum, Murr. 

Stachys arvensis, Linn. 

Jjamium incisum^y Willd. 

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Itistoriced cmd bescriptive Account W 

We trust it will not be inappropriate to append here a 
few remarks on large and small farms. Formerly, when 
the farms were small, there were but two or three hands 
employed, and the master working himself occasionally along 
with them, they came to have a greater interest in the work; 
and when he had to be absent from them, every person 
could get the credit of his own diligence — it was not lost 
and overlooked among the work of a number — and any 
remissness, when it did occur, was more easily detected, 
and charged upon the person in fault. The whole household 
constituted one family, which looked to the gudeman as 
their natural patriarchal head, and considered his interest 
as in some degree connected with their own. Hence we 
could give instances of faithfulness, devotedness, and attach- 
ment of servants to their masters in those times, which, we 
fear, have no parallel in our day. The words "our har'st," 
and " our crops," were commonly used to express those of 
their master. They heard his ideas and plans, communicated 
their own remarks, and became interested in the success of 
the whole. All this kindly communication is cut off by the 
introduction of the delegated authority to the grieve, which, 
of course, removes the person, the views, and the interest 
of the master so much farther out of the sphere of the 
labourer's observation and attachment. It was then also well 
understood that eye-service, as they termed it, was disgraceful 
and dishonest; and it was a common saying among them 
that "if a man did not serve his master well for love, he 

^TrientcUis eti/ropcea, Linn. 

Polygonum Bistorta, Linn. 

Gymnadenia Conopaea^ Br. 
*Goodyera repena, Br. 

Habena/ria bifolia, Br. 

Lycopodium alpinum, Linn. 
„ Selagoy Linn. 

Selaginella Selaginoidea, Gray. 

[Plants marked * have now disappeared.] 

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1^ ffUtonccu ana Descriptive Account 

would never do it for fear. .That an eye-servant was the 
devil's servant, but he who wrought when no eye saw him 
wrought to God." 

On the large farms the labourers are never left at any 
time to the impulse or control of their own feelings. The 
overseer goes out with them in the morning, his watch regu- 
lates their time of rest, and the hour when they cease from 
their labour for the night. Diligence is here no virtue ; 
there is really no room for fidelity and the pride of an 
honest mind; and it is impossible for them to acquire the 
approbation and esteem of their superiors, so flattering to, 
and congenial with the best feelings of the heart. The 
people see that there is no bargain for these moral qualities 
with them, any more than with the horses or thrashing 
machine. In short, large farms are now manufactories, and 
the men and women employed in them are looked upon in 
no other light than that of so many machines. Of course, 
all the virtues of the former generations come to be gradually 
obliterated ; like the ploughshare that has been forgotten on 
the fallow-field, they are left to rust and be corroded away. 
Whatever truth may be in these observations, it will be 
long, we fear, before any change takes place. Few landlords 
will be at the trouble and expense, it may be, of dividing 
their larger farms into smaller, so long as farmers of large 
capital are to be found willing to undertake the labours 
and face the risks attendant upon agriculture. 

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\^The follouying Inscriptiojis, copied by my son, are added by 
way of Supplement to the Session Records already printed. 
They embrace the whole of the yet legible Inscriptions 
in the burying-grounds of the parish prior to the yea/r 
1825. No attempt has been made to correct or modernise 
the spelling, but peculiarities in punctuation, and in the 
use oj capital letters, have been occasionally modified. — 

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Here lyes the corps of Thomas Atcheson, who dep. Jan. 1, 16-6, 
age 73. 

Here lyes the bod — of Oeorg Aitohison, who die4 March 2, 1736, 
age 59. 

Here lyes the corps of George Adamson, who died Jaly 22d, 1739, 
aged 62 years. 

Here lyes the corps of Patrick Ames, pedier of smal wares, 

who depairted this life at Kenton, November 28 day, 1789, and 
his age 67 years. 

Here lies the body of Thos. Adamson, son of William Adamson, tenant 
in East Reston Miin, who died in infancy, May 24th 1769. 

Also John Adamson, brother to the said William Adamson, who 
died Febr. 25th 1770, aged 25 years. 

On other side : — In memory of Joshna Adamson, son to Robert 
Adamson and Jennet Hay, who died May 11th 1794, aged 24 

Here lyes the body of John Aitken, indneller in Lintlan, who died 
the 18 of June 1776, aged 63 years. 

On other side : — Also the body of John Aitken, son to John 
Aitken, wright in Ovenden, who died the 9 of October 1775. 

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l3t Bunlde Inscriptions 

Erected by John Allan and Marp^aret Herrot, tenant in billy mains, 
to the memory of their gons, David Allan, who died Sepr. 9th 
1828, aged 31 years; also John Allan, who died in thee sixteenth 
of his age. 

Also the said Margaret Herrot, who died 14th October 1836, 
aged 15 years. John Allan, her hnsband, died at Billy mains 
the 21st day of April 1811, aged 83 years. 

Also their daughter Mary, who died at Chapelhill, 26th May 
1851, aged 65 years, and Helen, who died at Sannyside, near 
Dunse, April 1865, aged 56 years. ' 

Agnes Allan died 19th Janry. 1869, aged 80 years. (TahU 

Erected in memory of Agnes Henderson, spouse to Thomas Allan, 
tenant in Biily-miil, who died Febry. 18th 1778, in the 52 year 
of her age. 

And their son, Thomas Allan, who died 1768, in the 1st year 
of his age. 

On other side : — To the memory of Thomas Allan, late tenant 
in Billy-mill, who di«d December 31, 1804, aged 85 years. 

Here lyes the body of Thomas Brown, talowr in Lintlaws, who 
departed this life 27 of Febrwary 1725, and of his age 62. 

Here lays the body of John Bro (Elespeth Willis spouse, 1747, aged 
49 years) nn, who died Supt. Sth 1763, aged 60 yeaer. 

Also Mary Henderson, spouse to James Broun, who died 16 
June 1757, aged 58 years. 

On other side: — In memory of James Brown, who died 11th 
June 1791, aged 65 years. 

And of Isabel Ridpath, his spouse, who died 4th December 
1821, aged 87 years. 

Also Isabel Brown, their daughter, who died Jany. 27th 1840, 
aged 67 years. 

In memory of John Burns, who died 22 March 1767, age 67 years. 

Also John Burns, his son, who died 30 Augt. 1768, age 22 

Also Alison Dickson, spouse to James Burns, who died 5 March 
1780, age 27 years. 

Margaret Burns, his daur., died 25 June 1783, age 1 year. 

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Junkie Inscriptions Ixi 

Here Ijes James Colvil, who departed this' life the 21st of Angnst 
1717, aged 51 years. 

Here lyes Mary Tarnbull, his spoas, who departed this life the 
12th of Janry, 1724, aged 57 years. 

Here lyes the corps of George Craig, who departed this life the first 
day of January 1726, and of his age 30 years. (Table Stone.) 

Here lyes the corps of John Chirnside and Alison Miller, his spons, 
who died May 1732, aged above 60 years. 

John and Ille, son and daughter to the above John Chirnside, 
who died March 1728 years, aged 24 years. 

On other side: — Here lyes the corps of Alison and^ Margret, 
children to Piter Chirnside, who died Agust 1737. 

Here lyes the corps of John Craig, tenent in Oldhamstocks, who died 
the 17 day of May 1746, aged 76 years. 

Also James Bodid (?) (Remainder illegible.) 

Here elyes the remains of Margaret Landlles, spouse to Patrick 
Chirnside, tennent in Temple Hall, who died 5 of Jan. 1776, 
aged 66 years. 

Also three of their children who died in infancy. 

In memory of Patrick Chirnside, tenent in Temple Hall, who 
died Jnle 19, 1777, in the 67 year of his age. (Table Stone.) 

Here lies the body of Margret Craig, daughter to Archbald Craig, who 
died April 1775, aged 20 months. 

Also his son, George Craig, who died July the 15, 1784, aged 
12 years. 

On other side : — Here lyes the body of Agnes Dickson, woh 
(sic) died Jernuary th7 day 1791, spouse to Archbald Crag, aged 
51 years. 

In memory of John Caddy, who died on the 11th March 1799, aged 
— years 11 months. 

Erected by James and John Cairns to the memory of their father, 
Thomas Cairns, who died deer. 18th 1799, aged 49 years. 

Also Jean Cairns, his daughter, who died december 12, 1800, 
aged 17 years. 

Also Thomas Cairns, son to James Cairns, who died Oct. 30, 
1818, aged 1 year. 

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Ixii Bunlde Inscriptions 

In memory of Elizabeth Cairns, sponse to James Lidel, fenar in 
Coldin^bam, who died March 1801, aged 66 yrs. 

To the memory of James Lidel, who died April 15, 1806, aged 
51 yrs. (Table Stone.) 

To the memory of William Caray, wever in Aachencraw, who died 
June 11th 1808, aged 76 years. 

Sacred to the memory of the Bevd. John Campbell, minister of this 
parish, who died 18th July 1818, aged forty-six years. 

Also bis brother, Peter Campbell, who died 13th Febraary 1813. 

Here lyes Elspath Dav^idson, who died Novr. th2, 1749, aged 1 year. 
To the memory of Margaret Davidson, who died February 7th 
1816, aged 36 years. 

The remains of Christina Margaret Barbara, wife of the Bevd. Robert 
Douglas, minister in this parish, are interred here. She died 
Febr. 8ch, 1796, in the 58 year of her age. Regretted by her 
acquaintances. Lamented by her relatives. 

Also the remains of the Revd. Robert Douglas, minister of 

the Gospel in this parish, who died devoted to 

conscientious dischari^e of the sacerdotal and the relative duties, 
died April 11th 1801, in the 84th year of his age and 54th of 
his ministry. "I have finished my course, Ac.*' — II. Timothy, 
4th chap., 7-8 v. {Table Stone.) 

Erected to the memory of Mary Davidson, wife to Thomas Fair, 
tenant at Berryhill, who died the 10th of August 1797, aged 72 

Also Thomas Fair, hir husband, who died the 3rd September 
1797, aged 82 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Captain Archibald Douglas, late of the 
XLIIl. regiment of foot, son of the reverend Robert Douglas, 
minister of Buncle. He died at Dunse, on the XXI. of March, 
MDCCCVI. years. This stone is erected by his widow, as a 
tribute of her affection. 

Mrs Jane Turnbull, widow of Captain Douglas, died 7th June 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

Bunkle Inscriptions Ixiii 

Erected in memory of Robert Dayidson, late portioner in Anohincrow, 
who died the 8th of March J 819, a^ed 77 years. 

Also of Catharine Hill, his spoase, who died the 25th of Octr. 
1820, aged 72 years, and Agnes, their daughter, who died the 
10th of Deer. 1791, aged IX. years and six months. 

Also Elizabeth Davidson, sponse of George Scott, who died 
3rd of May 1836, aged 58 years. 

Erected in memory of John Dennam, late servant of Blanerne, who 
died 17 March 1821, ajyed 53 years. 

Also of James Dennam, his son, who died 11 May 1821, aged 
20 years. 

Here lyes the body of William Foord, who died December 11, 1766, 
aged 13 years. 

On other side : — In memory of William Poord, who died Janry. 
7th 1791, aged 89 years. 

Also his sponse, Margaret Winter, who died Jane 16th 1777, 
aged 79 years. 

Erected by John Ford in memory of John Redpath, his father-in-law, 
who died at Innerwick, 9th feb. 1829, aged 89. 

Alsd his wife, Catherine Carter, who died at Horsely, 6th 
March 1823, aged 84. 

And Agness Redpath, their daughter, who died at Littlebillie, 
2nd Feb. 1825, aged 48 years. 

Here lyes the body of William Gebson, son to John Gebson, who died 
Feb. 21th 1755, his age 12 years. 

Here lies the body of John Gebson, who died Novr. 9, 1755, his 
age 78 years. 

Here lyes the corps of John Hill, who died 1724, age 61. 
Agnes Falton died 1730, age 64. 

Here lys the body of Henit, wirer in Lintlans, who died 

Septr. 26, 1762, aged 76 years. 

And his spouse, Allison Barclay, who died March 28th 1752, 
aged 60 years. 

Their children, Jemes Heuit,'who died Agust 16th 1736, aged 
13 years, and Hellen Ueuit, who died Janury 6, 1737, aged l^ 

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Ixiv BunMe Inscriptions' 

To the memorj of Isabel Hoggart, who died on the 22th of Nov. 
1806, aged 67 years. 

Jean Johnston, 16 May 1707. 

In memory of William Johnston, who died in March 27th 1751, his 
age 39. 

And also James Johnston, his son, who died in March 24th 
1772, his age 39 years. 

Here lyes the body of John Lorain, who died Febr. 4, 1760, aged 75. 
Eatherin Eleghoru, his spons, who died May 15th 1759, aged 
73 yr. 

Robert Lorain, the son, who died Nov. 5, 1751, aged 25 year. 

The children of Joseph Larel (?) lies interr'd here. Isabel died March 
4th 1765, in the 1st year of her age. Jean died Jany. 22d 1776, 
in the 4th year of her age. 

Here lyes the body of James Landles, tenant in Broomhoase mill, 
who died Jnly 2, 1772, aged 84 years. 

Also his sponse, Jean Landles, who died May 6, 177-. 

Here lyes the body of John Landles, portioner in Bankend, who died 
June the 7th 1775, aged 71 years. 

Also his brother, Adam Landles, who died May 9, aged 79 
years, 1790. 

Also John Landles, his son, who died April 25, 1808, aged 42 

Also in memory of Mary Dodes, sponse of Adam Landles, who 
died April 5th 1834, aged 91 years. 

Also Betty Landles, their daughter, who died May 4th 1834, 
aged 58 years. 

Also Elizabeth Landles, their daughter, who died on the 15th 
of September 1835, aged 67 years. 

Also to the memory of the said Adam Landles of Bankend, 
their son, who died October 4th 1837, aged 66 years. 

Also James Landles of Bankend, their brother, born July 11, 
1779, who died April 27th 1846, aged 67 years. 

Also in memory of Mary Landles, daughter of the above James 
Landles, born 25th April 1844, died 30 August 1847. {TahU 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

Bunlde Inscriptions Ixv 

Here Ijes the body of Elesbeth Landles, spouse to iames Landles, 
tenant in Little Belley, who died March 16, 1776, aged years 66. 
Oq other side: — Here lyes the body of James Landles, tenent 
in Little Billy, who di (Remainder illegible.) 

Here lies the body of Alexr. Landles, tenant in the liidhall of Fogo, 
who died the 9th of Septr. 1781, aged 66 years. 

Also Margaret Sooagal, his spouse, who died the 2l8t of May 
1782, aged 67 years, with two of their children, James and Agnes. 

Also their 2 sons, Thomas Landles, who died 11th May 1830, 
aged 75 years, and Adam Landles, fener in Danse, who died 9th 
Ootr. 1830, aged 75 years. {Table Stone.) 

In memory of Robert Lidell, who died March 12th 1795, aged 76 

Also of Mary Willson, his wife, who died Janr. 9th 1789, aged 
71 years. 

Thomas Miller died 1681, age 82. 

James Miller died Jan. 1722, age 78. 
Thomas Miller died 1737, age 55. 

Here lies interred the remains of Abram Mack, who departed this 
life in Novr. 1817, aged 82 years. 

And also of Janet Kemp, his spouse, who died in Septr. 1791, 
aged 40 years. 

This stone was erected by George Mack, their eldest son, 
through filial regard to their moral and religious virtues. 

Here lyes the body of Alexander Puryes, who died dec. 7, 1731, 
age 57. 

Here lyes the body of Willeam Pwrves, taylowr in Lintlaws, who 
died September 30, 1735, age 64. 

David Purves died April 8, 1737, age 8 years. 
Along top: — Memento Mori. 
Son to Thomas Purees. 

Here lyes the body of Thomas Purves, who died June 13th 1766, aged 
72 years. 

As also Elizabeth Pounton, his spouse, who died January 5th 
1741, a|i;ed 40 years. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Ixvi Bunlde Inscriptions 

In memorj of William Parves, who died Novr. 22th 1790, aged 70 

Also his brother, Walter Parves, who died Jane 10th 1772, 
aged 40 years. - 

Also Margaret Parves, sponse to David Purves, who died Novr. 
27th 1791, aged 60 years. 

In memory of James Parves, fenar in the Plesance of Danse, who 
died July 6th 1797, aged 89 years. 

Also Margret Wilson, his sponse, whoe died Januery 31th 1803, 
aged 77 years. 

Also James Parves, their son, who died on the 9th April 1835, 
aged 79 years. 

Also Margret Pnrves, their daughter, who died 18th January 
1838, aged 80 years. 

Also Elizabeth Parves, their daughter, who died 11th August 
1856, aged 85 years. 

In memory of James Parves, ' late tennant in Quixwood, who died 
November 5th 1800, aged 68 years. 

Also Jennet, ..... his spouse, who died 15th 1800, 

aged 74 years. 

Here lies the body of James Pnrves, son to James Parves, 
tenant in Quixwood, who departed this life the 4th Deer. 1789, 
aged 27 years. 

Heir lyes Janet Parves, sponse to John Purves, who departed this life 
in the 11 of November 1 . . . and of her age 36. 

Here lyes the corps of George Benton, who departed this life in the 
28 of July 1718, and his age 81. (Table Stone,) 

Hire lyes the body of Janet Fair, spouse to James Robertson, tennant 
in Beedyloch, who died 27 of April 1770, aged 63 years, aud 
George Alexander William and James, their children. 

Here lyes the body of John Kobertson, who died Jnn th9, 1785, aged 
45 (?) years. 

Erected by James Ronton in memory of James Ronton, his father, 
who died the 8th day of August 1797, aged 60 years. 

Also Margaret Lauder, his spouse, who died April 20th 1801, 
aged 79 years. 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

BunMe Inscriptions Ixvii 

To the memory of George Robertson, who died April 4th 1802, aged 
54 years. 

Here Ijes Janet Walls, spoas to Patrick Simpson, who died Febr. 
19th 1738, aged 43. 

Here lyes the body of Patrick Simpson, who died 

(Remainder illegible.) 

Here lyes Elspeth Dods, sponse to James Steel, tennant in Horsla, 
who died the 6th of Aprile 1754, aged 42 years. 

On other side: — Here lyeth the body of Jeams Steel, tennant 
in Horslay, who died Swpt. 28th 1756, aged 42 years. 

In memory of John Simpson, who died 13th March 1783, aged 80 

Also of Mary Galbreath, his wife, who died 7 May 1783, aged 
62 years, and Wm. Simpson, their .... child, who died 2 
March 1803, aged 4 (?) years. 

Erected by James Tnmbnll to the memory of Mary Steel, his sponse, 
who died March 22, 1832, aged 62 years. 

Here lyes the body of Elisabeth Bemsfather, sponse to John Tnmbnll, 
tennant in Lintla Mill, who departed this life Jaly the 7th 
1743, hir age 68 years. 

In memory of George Tnmball, sometime writer in Edinburgh, who, 
after a short life of virtae and piety, died on 11 October 1761. 

Also his only son, John Turnbnll of Abbey St. Bathans, writer 
in Dnnse, who held for many years various offices of pnblio trust, 
and died respected and beloved, 15 Nov. 1807, aged 48 years. 

And his wife, Margaret Christie, daughter to Alexander Christie 
of Grneldykes. Bom 4 Nov. 1774. Died 4 Deo. 1852. 

Also their children, Agnes Turnbull, who died 12 March 1823, 
aged 18 years. 

John Christie Turnbull of Hillend, in the Military Service of 
the East India Company, who died at Trichinopoly, 28 Feb. 1830, 
aged 22 years. 

Alexander Tarnbull Christie of Grneldykes, M.D., Surgeon in 
the East India Company's Service, who died at Oatacamand, 3 
Nov. 1832, aged 31 years. Celebrated for his scientific writings 
on the Natural History of Hiudastan. 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

Ixviii Btmtde Inscriptions 

The grtkve stone of James Tamball, tenant in Lintlaw, wko died 21 
Jane 1767, aged 45 years. 

Also George Tnmbnll, tenant in Priestlaw, who died April 
9th 1788, aged 66 yrs. 

Also Christian Bogne, his sponse, who died Snbtembr the 16, 
1797, aged 65 years. (Table Stone:) 

Here lies the body of John Tnrnball, tenant in Lintlaw-mill, who died 
Nov. 19, 1740, a^re 69 years. 

And his son, Joseph Tarnbnll, died March 11, 1776, age 61 
years. (Table Stone.) 

Here lyes the corps of Robert Thomson, who died Feby. 1742, age . . 
Also Jean Wood, his spouse, who died 1748. 
Also Patrick Thomson, his son, who died Jan. 22, 1761, age 45. 

Here lyes the corps of William Trotter, tennant, Blackhonse, who died 
10 Febr. 1769, aged 51 yeas. 

Also John Trotter, his son, who died 30th Jane 1772, aged . . 6 

Erected to the memory of John Tarnball, late tenant in Wedderbarn 
West Mains, who died 20th Sepr. 1784, aged 54 years. 

Alison Hunter, his spouse, died 12th Norr. 1800, aged 64 years. 

Also their children, Mary Ann died 22d Sepr. 1772, aged 2 
years. John died in Nora Scotia 1791, aged 23 years. George 
died in St. Domingo 1798, aged 20 years. Peter died 18ch Jane 
1802, aged 29 years. (Table Stone.) 

Here lyes the interrd body of Elspeth Wilson, who died at Lintlaa 
mill the 5th day of July 1769, aged 59 years. Lams. 3d. 4. 2. 
The Lord is my portion saith my soul, etc. 

Erected . . he memory . . . William Wilson, son of Alexander Wilson, 
. . ho died Jenna . . 178 (P)6, aged 38 years. 

The ancient Norman apse at Bunkle was the burial vault of the 
proprietors of the estate of Billy, but it contains no monuments or 
inscriptions. In it was buried the unfortnnate Mrs Margaret Home, 
Lady Billy, who was murdered, August 1751, by her servant, Norman 
Boss, at Linthill, near Eyemouth, where she was then residing. — See 
Dr Henderson's Popular RhymeSf etc., of Berwiclcshire. 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 


In memory of Thomas AinsUe, son of George Ainslie and Alison 
Darling, Preston, who died Jnlj 29th 1805, aged 20 years. 
Also 4 of their children. 

Sacred to the memory of John Brodie, farmer of Oothill, who died 
22 Octr. 1798, aged 61 years. 

Margaret Faroes, his spouse, who died Ist Novr. 1812, aged 
70 years. 

James Brodie, their second son, farmer of Cothill, who died 
8th Jany. 1813, aged 36 years. 

Also other five of their children, who all died yoang. 

This Monument was erected in 1827 by their third son, John 
Wright Brodie, plumber in Edinburgh, as a tribute of affection 
for his parents and brothers. (Tablet in south wall of churcK) 

Here lyes the body of Janet Brodie, spows to John Chism (?) who 
died April 20, 1757, aged 47 years. 

Heire lyes the corps of John Bronn, son to Arohbald Broun in 
Prestoun, who died the 20 day of June 1734, aged 33 years. 

Erected by Bartholomew Brown in memory of his father, Walter 
Brown, who died on the 9th April 1824, aged 82 years. 

Also his mother, Agnes Bower, who died on the 22d Deer. 
1828, aged 84 years. 

Also three of their children, who died in infancy. 

Also the above Bartholomew Brown, late tenant in Swallow- 
dean, who died on the 20th May 1835, aged 51 years. 

On back: — Also of Catherine, sister of Bartholomew Brown, 
who died at Swallowdeian, 3 October 1859, aged 92 years. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Ixx Preston Inscriptions 

Erected by James Brown, smith, to the memory of John Brown, his 
father, smith in Honnd-wood, who died March 5th 1803, aged 
XL. years. 

Also Alezr. Brown, who died in infancy. His son. 

Isabell Darling, wife of the above John Brown, died Dec. 29th 
1840, aged 77 years. . 

To the memory of Isable Cairns, sponse to John Darling, tenant in 
Millknow, who died the 3l8t of December 1815, aged 69 years. 

Also the said John Darling, who died 7c h Jaly 1821, aged 75 

Also John Darling, their son, late tenant in Horsapclengb, who 
died March 23rd 1856, aged 72 years. 

Also Agnes Darling, their daughter, relict of Thomas Service, 
died March 26th 1857. 

On back: — Also Mary Service, their granddaughter, who died 
Aagnst 30th 1842. 

In memory of Beatrix Coekbarn, who died aged 87 years. 

Her son, William Gray, mercer in Dnnse, who died August 
the 12th 1780, aged 65 years. 

Also his wife, Margrat Forbes, who died Janry. 15th 1794, aged 
74 years, and there children, Hellen and Alexander, who died 
young. (Table Stone.) 

Here lyes the body of Jeams Cowen, died 27 January 1711, his eag 
67 years. 

On other side : — Memento Mori. 

Here lyeth the children of John Colvil in Prestone. Margaret, who 
died May 14, 1736, aged 11 weeks. Henry, who died February 
6, 1739, aged 14 months. Janet, who died October ^5, 1749, 
aged 4 years. Elizabeth, who died October 28, 1749, aged 8 
years. James, who died November 6, 1749, aged 7 months. 
Margaret, who died November 8, 1749, aged 6 years. And 
John, who died November 13, 1749, aged 12 years. Job 1, 
21 : — The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed 
be the name of the Lord. 

Also the said John Colville, who died Feb. 25, 1761, aged 67 

And Elezabeth Brodie, his sponse, who died Feb. 29, 1778, 
aged 72 years. {Table Stone.) 

In memory of Thomas Chisholm, who died July 10th 1807, aged 
61 years. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Preston Inscriptions Ixxi 

In memorj of William Carlisle, who died at Blaneam on the 16th 
Septr. 1831, tL^ed 108 yean. 

Also Catharine Mitchell, his wife, who died on the 10th April 
1818, tLged 82 years. 

Robert Carlisle, their son, died 30th April 1861, at^ed 72 years. 

In memory of David Darlin}?, late shepherd at Danse Castle Knock, 
who died May 10th 1808, aged 55 years. 

Also Mars^ret Liddel, his wife, who died 5 June 1819, aged 
71 years. 

Here lyes the body of Darid Darling, tenent in Barraa Milln, who 
died March 23, 1774, aged 56 years. 

On other side: — William Darling, late tenant in Barrowmill, 
died Novr. 13, 1811, aged 58 years. 

Orizzel Wait, his spouse, died March 7, 1801, aged 34 years. 

In memory of John Darling, tennant in Spotmains, who died Agt. 
2, 1774, age 35 years. 

Robert Darling, 
Janet Darling, his wife, 
Thomas Darling, his son, 
John Darling, 
Robert Darling, 
James Darling, 
Janet Purvis, his wife, 
Robert Darling, their son, 

In memory of Ann Nisbet, who died March 3d 1760, aged 76 years, 
spouse to John Darling, late tennant in Abby. 

Also the said John Darling, who died May 10th 1760, aged 
86 years. 

Likwise James Darling, tennant in Cnmblidge Walkmill, who 
died Janry. 9th 1784, aged 75 years. 

Also Barbara Smith, his spouse, who died May 26th 1792, 
aged 78 years. 

A also Mary Darling, daughter of William Darling. 

A Mary Cookburn, who died March 17th 1800, aged 24 years. 

& of David, their son, who died 17th Jnne 1803, aged 23 years. 

Also of William Darling, tenant in Cumblidge Mill, who died 
Novr. 21 st 1803, aged 61 yearR. 

Also Mary Cookburn, his spouse, who died 25 March 1818, 
aged 69 years. (Table Stone.) 

In memory of 




of Windshiel, 


Nov. 1746. 


Jan. 1766. 



Dec. 1815. 

' of Hotleydengh, 


May 1751, 

of the Bush, 


Jan. 1816. 



Jan. 1816. 


Aug. 1806. 


Dec. 1802. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Ixxii Preston Inacriptiona 

Here lyes John Gillas, who died Jan. 28th 1709, af^e 66. 

Here Ijes John Gillas, his son, who died in April ye 8, 1720, 
age 37. 

Hear . . es the bo Thomas . . . aig, who di . . April 20, 

1748, age 66 years. 

And his spouse, Margret, who died Agnst the 10, 1767, aged 
71 years. 

Erected by Joseph Haig in memory ' of Mary Aitken, his wife, who 
died 9 Octr. 1822, aged 31 years. 

Also of Mary, their daaghter, born 9 Octr. 1822, died 10 
Novr. 1863. 

Also the above Joseph Haig, died 7th February 1882, aged 
89 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Haig, tenant in Easter Winshiel, 
who died Jane 2d 1818, aged 66 years. 

Also of Jnlian Grow, his wife, who died May Slst 1821, aged 
70 years. 

Erected in memory of John Haig, who died 6 Ooi, 1786, aged 70 

Also John Haig, his son, tenant in Broomhill, who died 7 
Nov. 1801, aged 44 years. 

Also Agues Hall, wife of John Haig, janr., who died 11 May 
1840, a^ed 73 years. 

AIbo John Haig, their son, who died 31 Aog. 1856, aged 60 
years, and Robert, his son, who died 22 Nov. 1840, aged 22 

Also Grace White, his wife, died 12th Febr. 1887, aged 75 

On other side : — Erected in memory of John Haig, who died 
Oct. 6th 1785, aged 70 years. 

Also of John Haigf, his son, tenant in Broomhill, who died 
November 7th, aged 44 years. 

Erected by Thomas Hastie in memory of John Hastie, his son, who 
died at Comledge, 27th Febr. 1821, aged 2i years. 

Also Elizabeth Galbraith, his mother, who died at Preston, 
22nd March 1831, aged 82 years. 

And Elizabeth Hastie, his sister, who died at Preston, 24th 
Novr. 1847, aged 66 years. 

And of Esther Hoy, his wife, who died at Camledge, Aagnst 
15th 1849, aged 63 years. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Preston Inscriptions Ixxiii 

Also of the above Thomas Hastie, who died at Cnmledge, 
November 26th 1862, aged 83 years. 

Also of Isabella Bae, wife of John Hastie, his son, who died 
- at Fairnejside, Aagust 2Dd 1860, aged 81 years. 

And Thomas Hastie, his son, who died at Cnmledge, 7th Jaly 
1874, aged 58 years. 

Also Margaret Fortane, wife of the said Thomas Hastie, who 
died at Dans, 28th May 1900, aged 82 years. 

Hear lyes the body of Thomas Johnston, who died in September 10, 
1709, his age 69. 

Sreoted in memory of Thomas Johnston, who died the 26 of Jun 
1785, aged 14 years. 

Also his brother James, who died the 22 of Febry. 1792, 
aged 7 years. 

Also 3 of ther sisters, who died in infance, all children to 
Andrea Johnston, steaard in Cattleshiel. 

On other side : — Erected in memory of John Johnston, who 
died the 5 of Angst 1783, aged 50 years. 

Also Andrn Johnston, his son, who died aged 10 years. 

Also 8 children, who died in infancie. 

Here lies the body of Andrew Jordan, late baron officer in Preston, 
who died 8th Septr. 1807, aged . . years. 

In memory of Henrey McGill, long papermaker at Broomhoase 
paper mill, died 1st Jan. 1825, aged 

Margaret Jordan, 13th Aagnst 1828, aged . . . 

Memento Mori. Erected 1797 in memory of David Lnke, who died 
1794, aged 58 years. 

Qnite close to above is a broken fragment with the following: — 

died Jnne 11, ... 2, aged 18 months, also Margaret 

Lake, who died 24th March 1807, aged 3 years, children to 
James Lake, smith in Anchencraw. 

To the memory of Margaret Stnart, spoase of William Mabon, who 
died at Cammo, Jan nary 1th 1793. 

And of her daughters, who died at Dnnse. Elizabeth Mabon, 
September 29th 1812; Agnes, July 29th 1815. 

Also of William Mabon, who died 9 Jnne 1819, aged 78. 

Also Margaret Mabon, who died 5 Jan. 1833, aged 57 years. 

Memento Mori. Here lyes the body of John Maek, leate tenant in 
Berry Hill, who died Jwne the 11th 1754, aged 33 years. 

Digitized by CjOOQ l€ 

Ixxiv Preston Inscriptions 

John Mackenzie, second son of William Mackenzie of Bayfield, Boss, 
died 8th Jalj 1829, aged 2 years and 7 months. 

Charles Mackenzie, born 18th November 1831, died 7th October 1836. 
Ann Mackenzie, bom 2Qd Jnne 1828, died 17th October 1836. 
Alexander Mackenzie, born 18th Jnly 1835, died 8th November 1837. 
Jnlia Mackenzie, born 17th July 1837, died 17th Jnly 1838.— 
(Table Stone.) 

In memory of Robert Millar, son of Pat. Millar, who died on the 
6 of May 1798, aged 15 years. 

Also James Millar, who died on the 8th Jnly 1812, aged 56 years. 

Also Elizabeth Hewot, his wife, who died on the Ist January 
1823, aged 64 years, and interred in Chirnside. 

On other side : — In memory of Robert Miller, who died Angnst 
18th 1781, aged 62 years. 

Along top of small stone: — Jas. Person (?) who died a . . . 

Sacred to the memory of Robert Pringle, sometime reciding in 
Preston, who died their Ih March 1820, aged 81 years, and 
two of his children who died yonng. 

Also in memory of Margaret Weir, his wife, who died 7th 
Angnst 1830, aged 82 years, & Robert Pringle, their son, who 
died at Thirlington, Feb. 1, 1845, aged 66 years. 

Erected to the memory of John Prondfoot, who died 24th Deer. 
1818, aged 52 years. 

Also his wife, Elizabeth Gordon, who died 29th Jnne 1845, 
aged 82 years. 

In memory of Peter Parves, who died August 1764, aged 14 months. 
Also Peter Parves, died March 1771, aged 16 months. 
Also Agnes Johnston, died July 13th 1781, aged 51 years, 
spouse and children of John Parves, ferrier in Swinton. 

On other side: — In memory of George Ker, who died 16 Jan 
1799, aged 10 years. 

To the memory of David Parves, who died December 21, 1812, aged 
73 years. 

Erected by Isabella Robertson in memory of her father, James 
Robertson, who died 22 Angnst 1829, aged 85 years. 

Also his wife, Isabella Johnson, who died 27 August 1808, 
aged 51 years. 

And their son John, who died in the East Indies, 16 Septr. 
1801, aged 30 years. 

Also their daughter Alison, who died 22 Angnst 1801, aged 18 years. 

Also James and Agnes, who died yonng. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Preston Inscriptions Ixxv 

Here lyes the body of George Bea, who died Septr. 9fch 1780, aged 
52 years. 

Also Mary Galbrath, his wife, who died May 3th 1817, aged 
84 years. 

Agnes Bae, daughter of John Bae, who died Srd February 
1881, aged 59 years. 

On other side : — Sacred to the memory of John Bae, who died 
3 Feb. 1840, aged 78 years.. 

And l^ary Whitelaw, bis wife, who died 16 Aug. 1803, aged 
42 years. 

Janet Bedpath, his second wife, died 25 July 1862, aged 87 

George Bae, his son, who died 21 Jan. 1872, aged 77 years. 

Also Margt. Bae, his daughter, who died 11 Aug. 1792, aged 
11 moHths.- 

And Margt. Bae, his daughter, who died 16 Dec. 1811, aged 
18* years. 

Her lyes the body of Margret Scot, who departed February 17 day 
1734, her age 20 years. 

Here lyes the body of William Scot, who died September 24, 1769, 
aged 60 years. 

In memory of John Scot, who died the 14 of Deer. 1788, aged 88 

Also Margret Gibson, his spouse, who died the 1th of June 
1750 years, aged 45. 

Also David Scot, who died the 30th of Marh 1753, aged 23 

On back:— Also John Scot, who died the 25th of Octr. 1781, 
aged 5 years. 

Also Willam, who died the 15th of Agar. 1787 years, aged 2 yrs. 

In memory of Isobel Scot, daughter to John Scot, late tenant in 
Mardon, who died May 10th 1797, aged 53 years. 

Also Baohel Scot, his daughter, who died 1745, aged eleven 

James and George, children. 

. ear lyes . he body of John Sligh, who died Febrwary 2, 1746, age 
75 years. 

And his spouse, Janet Sligh. 

Here lyes the body of Sarah Sligh, who died September 30, 1756, 
daughter to Christopher Sligh, aged 2 years. 

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Ixxvi Preston Inscriptions 

Here lyes the body of ChriBtopher Slight, tennant in Bonkel, who 
died February 12, 1772, aged 68 years. 

Also Margaret France, his spoase, who died January 2d 1789, 
aged 76 years. 

Od other side : —Here lyes the body of Jenet Purves, spoas to 
Christopher Slight, who died december 1747, age 42 years. 

Here lyes the body of Janet Sligh, dan^hter to Adam Sligh, 
tenant in Bankle, who died August 12Dh 1773. 

In memory of John Sli^h,* late tenant in Rulesmains, who died 7th 
April 1791, aged 83 years. 

And Mary Herriot, his spouse, who died 9th March 1765, aged 
42 years. 

James Sligh, their son, who died 6th Janry. 1763, aged 14 
years. (Table Stone.) 

Sacred to the memory of William Sleigh of Oldhamstocks, in the 
county of East Lothian, who departed this life October 2nd 
MDCCOXXIV., in the 86th year of his age. 

Also to the memory of Mary, the beloved wife of William 
Sleij^h, who died September 7th MDCCCXXVIII., in the 86th 
year of her age. 

Cease then frail nature to lament in vain. 
Reason forbids to wish them back again, 
Rather congratulate their happy fate. 
And their advancement to a glorious state. 

Here lyes the body of Patrick Sligh, who died Jwne 1744, age . . 

This stone is erected in memory of Peter Sleigh, late feuar in 
Preston, who died November 1776, aged 60 years. 

Also of Janet Shiel, his spouse, who died 11th July 1813, 
aged 85 years. 

And Thomas Sligh, who died "Zlih Novr. 1838, aged 81 years. 

Also Margaret Wightman, spoas to Thomas Sligh, who died 
28th May 1838, aged 77 years. 

In memory of Thomas, who died Novr. 5th 1805, aged 64, and Peter 
Sligh, his son, who died young. 

Also Agness Sligli, daughter to David Sligh, who died in 
infancy, and 2 of his children who died young; also Aleson 
Sligh, his daughter, who died Septr. 10th 1811, aged 5 years. 

On other side : — In memory of Alison Freature, spouse to 
Thomas Sligh, who died 10 July 1821, aged 76 years. 

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Preston Inscriptions Ixxvii 

Erected in memory of Robert Sligh, late indaeller in Preston, who 
died 24tk Jnlj 1824, aged 63 years. 

Also Agnes Sligh, his daaghter, who died 11th December 
1824, aged 21 years. 

Also Agnes Lamb, sponse to Robert Sligh, who died Ist 
December 1833, aged 66 years. 

And Peter Sligh, their son, who died at Preston, 8th January 
1854, aged 66 years. 

Margaret Slight, their daughter, died 19th March 1869, aged 
77 years. 

Robert Slight their son, died 27th April 1877, aged 77 years. 

Mary Sligh, their daughter, who died at Edrom, 4th Jan. 1894, 
aged 84 years. 

To the memory of Elizabeth Sligh, who died 20th May 1786. 

Also James Pringel, her husband, feuar in Dunse, who died 
May 31th 1803, aged 67 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Mr James Smail, sometime residing at 
Gavinton, who died there on the 12th of July 1826, aged 65 
years. In all the relations of a son, a husband, a parant, and 
a brother, he was tenderly affectionate, while, as a friend, he 
was sincere and benevolent, as a Christian, he was distinguished 
for unassuming piety, and an inflexible adherence to the purest 

Predeceased him seven children in infancy. 

Anne King, his wife, died Feby. 1842, aged 90 years. 

Jane Smail, Melrose, died July 1863, aged 70 years. 

Anne Smail died Novr. 1841, aged 46 years. 

In memory of Alaxander Smith, who died March .31, 1763, aged 33 
years, and Jean Fairbaim, his spowse, who died March 9th 1786, 
aged 58 years. 

Also Thomas Smith, who died 1775, aged 60 years, & Isbel 
Fish, his spouse, who died 1772, aged 52 years, & three of 
their children. 

Also Thomas Smith, grd son to above Ts. Smith, who died 
March 13, 1792, aged 22 years. 

In memory of Thos, Stewart in Stewartlaw, who died June 11th 
1786, aged 63 years. 

Also of Elisabeth Aitchison, his spouse, who died th 3d deer. 
1789, aged 64 years. 

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Ixxvili Preston Inscriptions 

In memorj of John Todd, indweller in Preston, who died Novemr. 
22d 1787, aged 69 years. 

Also of Affey Todd, his daughter, who died July 14th 1798, 
aged 27 years. 

Memento Mori. Heire lyes James Waite, yho died May 7. 
On other side :— 1672. 

To the memory of John Wait, who died Aprile 7th 1807, aged 9 years. 

Also Jane Wait, who died Seper. 7th 1808, aged 2 years. 

Also Wilm. Wait, who died Aprile 9th 1809, aged 12th years. 
3 children of William Wait and Mary Armstrong. 

On other side : — In memory of John Armstrong, who died at 

Also of Jean Brown, his spouse, who died Octr. 19, 1819, 
aged 75 years. 

Here lyes the hody of John Wait, somtime tenont in Preston, who 
died december 27, 1746, age 76 years. 

In memory of George Wait of Cramicrook, who died Novr. 8th 
1782, aged 73 years. 

And his spouse, Alison Wait, who died Nov. 1st 1789, aged 
66 years. 

Also 6 of their children. 

On other side : — In memory of Jean Wait, who died Sept. 
1825, aged 2 years. 

In memory of Alexander Watson, who died in Preston, January 
10th 1786, aged 44 years. 

Also Christen Mileson, his spouse, who died March 26th 1818, 
aged 77 years. 

Also Jenet Walker, wife of Adam Watson, who died Jan. 8th 
1865, aged 85 years. 

Also the above Adam Watson, who died Deer. 2l8t 1866, aged 
84 years. 

£rected in memory of Robert Wilson, who died 20 June 1782, aged 
45 years. 

Also of Alison Darling, his spouse, who died 3 Jan. 1816, 
aged 86 years. 

Of Janet Wilson, their daughter, who died 21 May 1819, aged 
54 years, and of Alexr. Wilson, their son, who died Octr. 7, 
1821, aged 50 years. 

Also of Thomas Wilson, their son, who died in Philidilphia, 
January 26, 1830, aged 61 years. 

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Preston Inscriptions Ixxix 

Labge Monument in Peeston Churchyard. 

Left Hand Tablet:— 

In memory of John Wilson of Cnmledgo, bom Ist Jnne 1768, died 
6th February 1837. 

And Marpfaret Logman, his wife, bom 27th November 1771, died 
11th April 1838. 

And their children : Abraham, born 2d September 1803, died 
4th May 1808. Abraham, born 7th December 1808, died 2l8t 
same month. Janet, born 31st March 1805, died 7th April 1812. 
Abraham, born 14th May, died 16th February 1838. George, 
born 3d March 1807, died 19th January 1850. 

Caroline Anderson, wife of John Wilson, now of Cumledge, 
born 3l8t May 1796, died 19th August 1867. 

And the said John Wilson, born 1st June 1799, died 8th 
Febmary 1883. 

Likewise also Ann Ord Wilson of Cumledge, born 7th May 
1800, died Ist March 1886. 

Right Hand Tablet:— 

In memory of Major W. H. Smith of Cruicksfield, late of the Madras 
Army, born 3d December 1797, died 15th April 1879. 

Also of Elizabeth Wilson, wife of the above, who fell asleep 
in Jesus 23rd Deer. 1894, aged 93 years. 

And their children : Maria Hope, born 11th December 1827, 
died 16th August 1861. Also William John, their son, who died 
in infancy. Also Andrew Hope of Cruicksfield, their eldest son, 
born 26th Novr. 1824, fell asleep 23rd June 1895. "Ye are 
Christ's, and Christ is God's." 

Also Margaret £. S. Hope, bbrn 8th Septr. 1826, died 24th 
Septr. 1897. " In whom we have redemption through His 

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Page 5. — Robert Colden, 

Mr Robert Golden obtained his degree of M.A. from the 
University of St. Andrews in 1626. Prior to his settlement 
at Bunkle, he had been a minister in Ireland; but was 
forced, through the cruelty of the Irish rebels, to fly with 
his wife and children from that country. A collection for 
them was intimated in the Church of Dunfermline, on 12th 
March 1643. He died after 29th March 1664, and before 
April 1665, when Mr George Trotter was presented to the 
living. He married, first, Helen Atcheson, by whpni^ he 
had a daughter Helen ; and, second, Anna Daes, who 
survived him, and by whom he had a son Robert, who 
was bursar of the Presbytery of Earlston 1665-1667.^ 

Page 5. — George Trotter, 

Mr George Trotter attained his degree at the University 
of Edinburgh on 19th July 1661.^ He was licensed by 
George, Bishop of Edinburgh, on 30th July 1664, and 
presented by the Curators of James, Marquis of Douglas, 
in April 1665, to the living of Bunkle. He was admitted 
on 25th July 1665, and translated by Charles II. to Edrom 
on 28th June 1677, and to Edinburgh (Tron Parish second 
charge) in 1682. In 1683, he was appointed by the Town 
Council to the first charge of the Tron. On 19th June 1685, 
the Town Council ordered him to be libelled for traducing 
the Magistrates ; and on 18th September following, the 
Procurator Fiscal was instructed to proceed against him for 
alleging that the Magistrates drank the Minister's stipends. 
For this he was suspended by Bishop Paterson. The 

^ See Hew Scott's Fasti and Anthorities there qaoted, 
' List of EJdinbar^h Grradnates, 

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126 Appendix 

degree of D.D. was conferred on him. He died Aug^t 
1687, in the 23rd year of his miniBtrj, aged about 46. 
His testament was recorded on 18th November 1687. His 
furniture, silver-plate, and library were valued at £275 
68. 8d.' He married, in October 1679, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Andrew Oswald, Merchant Burgess of Edinburgh. She 
died November 1689, and her testament is recorded 23rd 
Juiuary 1690.* 

Page 5. — Alexander Nicolson, 

1678. — Alexander Nicolson, A.M., studied at St. Leonard's 
College, and got his degree from the University of St. 
Andrews, 25th July 1671; admitted 20th August 1678. He 
deserted his charge in 1689, and it was declared vacant in 
1690, because he would not read the Proclamation of the 
Estates, nor pray for their Majesties William and Mary. 
He retired to Hutton, was settled in the curacy of Holy 
Island in 1701, and died 3l8t August 1711, in the 65th 
year of his age, and 34th of his ministry. He carried off 
the Session Book of Bunkle, which is in the hands of a 
descendant, Mr Nicolson, Loanend, Northumberland. He 
married, 29th October 1685, Alison Hume, in the parish of 
Gordon, and had three daughters, Margaret, Elizabeth, and 
Janet.' It has been stated that Elizabeth, the daughter of 
Mr Nicolson, was the first cousin of James Thomson, the 
author of ^^The Seasons.*" This cannot be correct, for 
Thomson's mother was Beatrix Trotter, daughter of Mr 
Alexander Trotter of Wideopen, Yetholm ;'^ while Nicolson's 
wife was an Alison Hume from *^ Gordon " parish. The 
relationship, if any, is therefore obscure. 

' Befcister of Testaments, Edinbargh, Section 11., p. 408. See also 
Register of the Privy Seal, Edinbargh Coanoil Records, Bargh Regis- 
ters, Presbjtery and Session Registers, and Foantainhairs Diary. 

^Register of Testaments, Edinburgh, Section II., p. 408. 

' Act Root. University of St. Andrews, Presb. Session, and Gordon 
Session Records, Tombstone, M.S. Account of Ministers 1689, etc. 

* Raine's North Durham, p. 302. 

7 Hew Scott's Fasti, Part ii., p. 513, and Jeffrey's Roxburghshire, 
Vol. III., p. 114. 

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Page 8, — Bayley John ColveU. 

1666. — ^The Colvilles are a very ancient family, who seem 
to have come to Britain from Normandy, wh^re there is still 
a town of that name, which was partially destroyed by the 
English as early as 1346.^ 

Gilbert de ColaviUa or de Colville accompanied William 
the Conqueror to England, and an account of the English 
family will be found in Dugdale's Baronage, Yol. i., p. 626. 

A branch of the family settled at an early period in the 
north of England, at Spinylstan and Budle, and possibly at 
Col well, Amcliffe, Dale, etc.* 

William de Colevile arraij^ned an assize on 2 March 
1277-8 against ?eter de Morthingtone and others, concerning 
a tenement in Spinylstan (Hentone.)^^ 

After this we find that Agnes de Morthington married 
Philip de Colville, youngest brother of William de Colville 
of SpinylRtan and Botel. William died without issue after 
1293," leaving the lands to Philip and Agnes and their 
issue. On Philip's death before 1299*' — Agnes de Morthing:- 
ton having married Sir Henry de Haliburton, a Scottish 
rebel — the lands were, on 2 December 1302, given to Robert 
de Colville, another brother.** 

Agnes de Morthington (Mordington) and her husband are 
frequently referred to in Scottish Records." 

The first Colville found in Scotland was Philip de Colville, 
who before 1154 was a witness to a confirmation by King 
Malcolm IV. to the Monastery of Dunfermline.*' 

' Chronicle of Lanercost, p. 343. 

• History of Northumberland, Vol. i., p. 179 ; Vol. iv., p. 289. 

>• Patent Rolls, 6 Edward I., m. 19, dorso. ; Cal. Doc. Scot., Vol. ii., 
p. 24. 

** Hist. Northamberland, Vol. i., pp. 181 and 198, and anthorities 
thero qnoted. 

" Cal. Doc. Scot., Vol. ii., p. 288. Inq., p. ra. 28 Edward I., No. 89. 

*» Cal. Doc. Soot., Vol. ii., p. 343. Privy Seals (Tower) 30 Edward 
I., files, 9 and 5. See also references Hist. Northd., Vol. i., p. 180. 

^* Robertson's Index, p. 9, and Charters in hands of R. Campbell 
Ronton, Esq., of Mordinfifton. 

" Rogistrum Dunfermelyn, p. 22. Acts Pari. Scot., Vol. i., p. 52. 

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128 Appendix 

He witnesses a g^nt of certain lands in Benfrewshire,^* 
and several donations to the Priory of St. Andrews in 
1160." He also appears as witness to a charter of William 
the Lion to the Church of St. Marj of Furneis/® and was 
given by that monarch as a hostage to Henry II. of 
England, on 8th December 1174.^* He appears finally as 
witness to various charters from 1180 to 1208.*° He owned 
Heton and Oxenhame, in Roxburghshire.'^ 

Thomas de Oolville, his son, is referred to as perambulating 
the marches of Elstaneshalche, at a convention between the 
monks of Melrose and Huctred of Grubheued (Grubbet)''; 
and he is frequently witness to charters in the time of 
William the Lion, from 1208 to 1210.^ He is found among 
several hostages discharged by King John in 1209.^ He 
died in 1219." 

This Thomas de Colvill— by Amabilis, his wife— had a 
son, William de Oolville,^ who granted to the monks of 
Newbottle his father's land ** super Ness."*^ He owned also 
the Barony of Kinnaird, in Stirlingshire, granted to him 
by the Abbot of Holyroodhouse, and which lands Ada de 
Morham, widow of William, after 1222, granted to the said 

" Eeg. Epis. Glassruenae, p. 15. Acts Pari. Soot., Vol. i., p, 110. 

^' Rej?. Prioratus Sancti Andree, p. 207. 

^ Dachy of Lancaster Charter Box, 9, No. 117. Oal. Doc. Scot., 
Vol. I., p. 24. 

»9 Ryraer's Poedera, Vol. i., p. 30, and Cal. Doc. Soot., Vol. i., p. 19. 

^ Reg. Bpis. Glas., pp. 28 and 78. Acts Pari. Scot., Vol. i., pp. 
67, 68, 69, and 70. 

2* Reg. Drybargh, p. 163. 

^ Liber de Melrose, pp. 110 and 111. 

^ Reg. Dom de Solfcre, p. 7. Lib. de Oalchon, pp. 202 and 210. 
Reg. Ep. Glas , pp. 79 and 80. Acts Pari. Scot., Vol. i., p. 67. Also 
Charter by William the Lion to Alan, son of Bolland, Constable 
of Scotland, of lands of Sypland, Kirkcadbrightshire, in writer's 
possession, circa 1210-14. 

*-'* Chronicle de Mailros, p. 109. See Douglas Baronage, p. 350. 
Rymer's Foedera, Vol. i., p. 184. 

*» Chronicle de Mailros, p. 135. Foedera, Vol. i., p. 120. Oal. Doc. 
Scot., Vol. I., p. 110. 

^ Register Newbottle, p. 153. 

^ Reg. Newbottle, pp. 169-170. 

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Appendix 129 

monks,^ a gift oonfirmed by Alexander U. in 1228. He is 
also found as witness to several charters about this time.^ 

Eustacia, daughter and heiress of Williatn de Oolyille, 
owned the lands of Ochiltree, in Ayrshire,^ and married 
Reginald le Ohene, knight,'^ who died about 1291. She 
also owned other lands in Scotland.^ 

From this time several branches of the family are found 
in different parts of Scotland. An account of the Ochiltree 
and Oxenham families will be found in the Club's 

Bailie John Oolville belonged to the Colvilles of Primrose- 
hill or Westside of Preston, who had been ^'kindlie tenants" 
under the Earls of Douglas and Angus. They probably 
sprang from the Oolvilles of Quhytsum (Whitsome), who 
held these lands from the time of David 11.^ 

The recorded testament of William Gol villa in Prestoun, 
who died in 1600,^^ contains a clause to the effect that he 
leaves ** the kindness of his rowme," with his armour and 
riding apparel, to his eldest son, John Colville. His estate, 
consisting of cattle, sheep, horses, and grain, was valued at 
£586 6s. 8d. Scots. 

In 1607, the Earl of Angus feued to John Colville the 
lands of Primroseknowe and some acres adjacent. In 1633, 
John Cockbum of that ilk conveyed to Colville the Kirklands 
of Preston.** This John Colville was grandfather oi Bailie 
John Colville. He is again referred to in a tack or "rental" 
dated 18th June 1635, between William, Marquis of Douglas 
and Earl of Angus, and James Colville in Prestoun, eldest 
sou of John Colvill, as kyndlie tenant in four husbandlands 

^Re^. Newbottle, pp. 169-170. 

^ Beg. Epis. Glas., pp. 116 and 126. 

» Liber de Melroe, Vol. ii., p. 360. 

'^ Foedora, Vol. i., pt. 3, p. 164. Douglas Baronage, p. 187, Craw- 
ford Peerage, p. 80. 
>» Liber de MelroB, Vol. ii., pp. 360, 361, 362, 265, etc. 

*» Hist. Ber. Nat. Club, Vol. xi., p. 96. 

3* Bobertson's Index, p. 30, No. 20. 

^ Register of Testaments, Edinburgh, 21st June 1603, Section II., 
p. 81. 

^ Titles to Property. 

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130 Appendix 

in Preston and in '*ye coble stead at Camlege dam head, 
pajand to us jearlie twa Salmounds."^ James Oolville was 
owner of lands in 1649 valued at £248 10s. Scots.^ He 
was Bailie of Preston and Bunkle.^^ In 1652, he feued from 
the Earl of Angus six husbandlands in Preston.^ 

John Oolville, the Bailie of Preston, who succeeded him, 
was probably his eldest son. He married Margaret Douglas, 
daughter of Archibald Douglas of Lumsden.^^ He died prior 
to 1680, for on 16th November of that year she was wife 
of John Dallas, writer, Edinburgh, to whom she had a son 
then baptised.^' In a submission relating to an excambion 
of certain lands,^^ she is described as relict of John Oolville, 
and their eldest son, James Oolville, is mentioned. The 
lands were, however, wadset by the first James Oolville in 
1675 and 1686, and finally adjudged by Alexander Douglas, 
eldest lawful son of Alexander Douglas, ''galeari" (hatter), 
burgess of Edinburgh, and ** nepos " of William Douglas, 
second lawful son of the said Alexander Douglas (sic), to 
whom he had been served heir. Sasine was given on 13th 
October 1687.^ The adjudication finally vested in the person 
of David Main, writer in Edinburgh; and, in 1696, his 
heir conveyed these rights to John Dallas, late Bailie of 

James Oolville, the eldest son of Bailie John Oolville, must 
have died; for, in 1701, John Dallas obtained a decree against 
Lieut. Archibald Oolville, son of John Oolville of Primrose- 
hill, who had been charged and renounced to enter himself 
as heir. John Dallas conveyed the wadsets, in 1703, to 
Robert Dallas, writer in Edinburgh, who, in 1704, disponed 
them to William Hay of Drummelzier. The wadsets seem 
to have been redeemed by the Oolvilles, who are again 

'' Copy Deed in writer*8 posseasion. 
^ Yalaed Rental in writer's possession. 

» Great Seal Register, Vol. 1634-1651, p. 778, 18fch Maj 1649. 
*^ Titles to Property. 

*^ Marriage Contract dated 12th Febraary, and recorded 19th 
February 1666. General Reg. Sasine, Vol. 14, fol. 54. 
*2 Edinr. City Par. Reg., 16th November 1680. 
^ Deeds office (Dalrymple), Vol. 57, 25th March 1682. 
** General Reg. Sasine, 13th October 1687. 

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Appendix ISl 

found in possession of the lands, which they finally dispose 
of to Archibald, Duke of Douglas, in 1742.^ 

The Oolvilles, however, remained in the parish, and John 
Colville, portioner in Preston, who died in 1778, and whose 
tombstone still stands in Bunkle (churchyard, is the ancestor of 
the family now represented by Mr Charles E. Colville, writer, 
Crieif, and Mr Colville Gibson of Whitchester, Haltwhistle. 

This John Colville's eldest son was Robert Colville, Secession 
Minister of Lauder, who married Margaret Milligan, and had 
a large family. Their son, Eliezer, studied medicine, and 
practised in Ay ton. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Robert Kerr of Millbank, Eyemouth. Their eldest son was 
the kte Charles D. Colville, writer, Ayton, father of Charles 
Eliezer Colville, writer, Crieff. 

Margaret Douglas, wife of John Colville of Primrosehill, 
portioner of Preston, was the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 
second of Lumsdeane,^' who was second son of Archibald 
Douglas of Fastcastle, first of Tofts, and who apprised the 
lands from his elder brother, William Douglas of Tofts.*^ 
Archibald Douglas, afterwards third of Lumsdeane, her 
half-brother by a former marriage, obtained Sasine of 
the lands of Lumsdeane, Mureburn, and Whitchester, on 
30th June 1664, on a Disposition by his father, Archibald 
Douglas of Lumsdeane, under burden of the Grantor's life- 
rent and that of Elizabeth Lyle, his second wife, and under 
burden of certain debts, including one of 4000 merks.^^ 
Archibald Douglas, the third of Lumsdeane, married 
Margaret Craw, daughter of George Craw of East Reston." 
Her brother was the notorious Robert Craw of East Reston,** 
who Qgures frequently in the Session Records of Coldingham 
for various delinquencies, and who was finally attainted for 
participation in the Rebellion of 1715.^^ 

** Titles of Lands. 

*« General Reg. Sas., Vol. 14, fol. 54, 19th February 1666. 

*^ Laing Charters, No. 1985, p. 476. 

^ General Reg. Sas., Vol. 10, fol. 86, 8th Jaly 1664. 

•*' Marriage Contract dated 20th December 1674, and recorded 
General Reg. Sas., November 4th 1675. 

w Ibid. 

** See Acconnts and other Excheqaer Documents relating to Fprfeite4 
Estates, Register Hoose, Edinburgh, 

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132 Appendix 

Captain John Douglas, afterwards Sir John Douglas, eldest 
son of the second marriage of Archibald Douglas, second 
of Lumsden, and Elizabeth Lyel, his spouse, obtained a 
Bond of Provision from his father for 10,000 merks, dated 
15th July 1690, over the lands of Lumsden, Muirburn, and 
Whitchester,'^ to which he duly made up a title," but 
assigned his rights to his half-brother, Patrick Home, 
advocate, afterwards Sir Patrick Home of Broombank and 
Lumsden, King's advocate, who was son of the first marriage 
of his mother, Elizabeth Lyel, daughter of William Lyel of 
Bassendean, with Patrick Home of West Reston." The 
lands of Lumsden, Muirburn, and Whitchester were heavily 
burdened, and after having been adjudged by Sir Daniel 
Oarmichael of Maudslie, were finally, on 3rd July 1683, 
disponed by him and Archibald Douglas for his interest to 
Sir Robert Home, who obtained a charter under the Great 
Seal on 10th December 1686," upon which Sasine was given 
on 24th December 1686.*« 

It should be explained that Archibald Douglas of Fast- 
castle,^^ first of Tofts, father of Archibald Douglas of 
Lumsden and Tofts, was one of four natural sons of the 
Eegent Morton.*® 

Page 20,— Hector Tv/rnbull 

Hector Turnbull was proprietor of Cruixfield. He was 
probably the son of Adam Turnbull, servitor of the Marquis 
of Douglas, and Janet Gourlay, his spouse. Her testament 
is recorded 30th September 1647,^' and Adam Turnbull is 
mentioned in the valued rental of 1649.** 

" Register of Sasines, Berwiokahire, 2l8fc October 1670, Vol. ii., 
fol. 259. 

^ General Retoars, No. 5259. Laing Charters, No. 2653, p. 621. 

" Register of Sasines, Berwickshire, I7th October 1681, Vol. iv., 
fol. 266. 

*» Great Seal Register, Vol. 70, fol. 88, No. 191. 

«« General Register of Sasines, 3rd February 1687, Vol. 54, fol. 360. 
General Register of Sasines, 31st October 1695, Vol. 69, fol. 237. 

*' Laing Charters, No. 1497, p. 365. 

«8 Great Seal Register, Vol. 1609-1620, p. 287, and Index, p. 840. 

^ Register of Testaments, Edinburgh, Section II., p. 161. 

^ Document in writer's possession. 

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Appevidix 133 

Page 67,— ''1680, March 28th. This day toas given 128. Scots. 
. to Mr Jhon SinJdair of Bossliriy am^ indigent gentlenujm." 

This entry introduces to us the sad story of the ruin of 
one of the representatives of a very ancient Scottish family. 
The history of the St. Clairs of Bosslyn is to be found in 
a work, published many years ago, called **The Genealogie 
of the St. Clairs of Bosslyn," by Father Richard Augustine 
Hay. At page 153, we find that John Saintcler, commonly 
called the Prince, was second son of Sir William Sinclair of 
Bosslyn, and Dame Anna Spottiswood, daughter of Arch- 
bishop Spottiswood. He kept the house of Boslin against 
General Monk after the Battle of Dunbar, and after the 
surrender of the castle was sent prisoner to Tynemouth, 
where he remained during the troubles. His father had 
wadset the lands of Rosslyn to Sir John Sinclair of Herd- 
mandston, so that he never obtained possession of them, and 
they were sold about 1668 to James Sinclair, his younger 
brother. He must have been in very indigent circumstances; 
for Father Hay records that he died, and was buried, 3rd 
March 1690, at the expense of Father Hay's mother, Jean 
Spottiswood, wife of Sir George Hay, Lord Register. Jean 
Spottiswood afterwards married James Sinclair of Bosslyn, 
the younger brother. 

Page 75. — " There was likeivise given twelve shillings Scots, 

to Elizabeth Campbell, daughter to Mr David Campbell, 

late minister at JScclesgreg." 

David Campbell, A.M., was transferred from Careston, and 
presented by Charles I. to St. Cyrus (Ecclesgreg) on 5th 
January 1644. He was a member of the Commissions 
of Assembly 1646-1649, conformed to Episcopacy (though 
Wodrow states he did not), and died between 4th October 
1676 and 26th February 1679. 

He married, in June 1643, Margaret, eldest daughter of 
Eobert Carnegie of Leuchland, then in her 1 8th year; and. 
had four sons and five daughters, of whom Margaret married 
Alexander Heriot, tailor, Edinburgh, and Elizabeth was 
recommended fot charity by the ministers of Edinburgh, and 

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134 Appendix 

receiyed such from the Kirk Session of Bunkle, 12th October 

Page 77. — "There was likewise given this day eight and twenty 

shillings Scots, to Gideon Guthrie, sometime of HcdkertovM, 

an indigent gentleman" 

This is another instance of the decay of an old and dis- 
tinguished family. The Guthries of Halkerton are said to 
be a branch of the family of Guthrie of Guthrie, and Sir 
James Guthrie, first of Halkerton, to have been a brother 
of Sir David Guthrie of Guthrie®^; but the only authority for 
this statement is an inference drawn by Mr Andrew Jervise 
in his *' Epitaphs and Inscriptions,"^ from the Register of 
Aberbrothoc,** where David Guthrie of Kiacaldrum and James, 
his brother, are mentioned. That David became Sir David 
Guthrie, succeeded to Kincaldrum. and acquired Guthrie and 
other lands in Angus and Mearns, appears to be correct*^ ; 
but the statement that James became Sir James Guthrie of 
Halkerton, and Eoyal Falconer to James III., has yet to 
be proved." 

Sir David is said to have been the son of Alexander Guthrie, 
who bought Kincaldrum in 1442'^; but this statement has 
been corrected, for, on 20th April 1446, Sir Thomas Wemyss 
granted a charter of the lands in favour of Alexander 
Guthrie and Marjory Guthrie, his wife.*® This is corroborated 
by the fact that Sir John Wemyss, about 1392, obtained 
confirmation from Bobert III. of a conveyance granted by 
Alexander de Abernethy to Sir John Wemyss, grandfather 

^^ Beg. Sec. Sigill and Pres. Records of St. Andrews ; Register of 
Synod of Fife; Bunkle Session Record and Edinbargh Parish Register 
of Marriages ; Wodrow's History ; Tombstone ; Acts of Assembly ; 
Soathesk Pap., 1 ; New St. Ace, xi. ; etc. 

•' Anderson's Scottish Nation, Vol. ii., p. 387. 

•3 Jervise Epitaphs and Inscriptions, Vol. ii., p. 148. 

•* Register Nig. Aberbrothic, p. 93. 

"Crawford's Officers of State, p. 361; Lord Panmure's MS.; Hariy 
Maale of Kelly's Coqimanication to P. Chalmers of Anldbar. 

** Anderson's Scottish Nation, u., p. 387. 

•' Land of the Lindsays, p. 372. 

•® Jervise Epitaphs and Inscriptions, Vol. ii., p. 301. 

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Appendix 13)5 

of this Sir John.*' The early history of the lands of 
Guthrie is obscure, but these must have been Crown property 
at the time William the Lion granted the church and its 
patronage to the Abbey of Arbroath.'** Whether these lands 
Were held by Guthries at or prior to this period is not 
clear ; but, in 1359, they are owned by Sir Henry de 
Ramsay.'^ In 1398, the Earl of Crawford had a confirm- 
ation of the charter of the barony." In 1450, Magister 
Alexander Gutbre and Walter Carnegy of Guthre are on 
an inquest to enquire into the marches of the Bishop's 
common of Brechin." Prior to this, in 1440, George Guthrie 
of that ilk grants to Sir John Ogilvy of Lintrathen his half 
of the lands of Erely (Airlie) held of Sir John.'* Sir David 
Guthrie, who was Sheriff Depute of Forfar, Lord Register, 
Lord High Treasurer, and latterly Lord Chief Justice of 
Scotland" and Armour-bearer to James III., and who acquired 
the lands in 1465,'® is certainly the first of whom we have 
any authentic account. His descendants held the lands till 
29th December 1636 — by which time two of them in suc- 
cession had been murdered, '^ and another executed at the 
Cross of Edinburgji for crime'^ — when the lands passed 
into the hands of John Guthrie, Bishop of Moray.'® 

The Halkerton line is also obscure in the public records. 
Patrick Guthrie of Halkerton appears on 21st May 1491.*^ 
In 1592-93, Alexander Guthrie, fiar of Halcarton, is designed 
as of Kincaldrum.®^ The genealogy, however, of the des- 

•• Robertson's Index, p. 158, No. 54. 

^° Re^. Vetns, Aberbrothic, p. 67 and p. 128. Reg. Epis., Brechin, 
Vol. II., pp. 259-89, A.D. 1178-98. 

71 Chamberlain Rolls, i., p. 334. 

72 Robertson's Index, p. 142, No. 87. 

73 Reg. Epis., Brechin, Vol. i., p. 141. 

7^ Proo. Soot. Soc. of Antiq., Vol. v., p. 346. 
7* Excheqner Rolls, 1474. 

^6 Great Seal Charter, 25th March 1465. Roll, James HI. 
"Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, Vol. i.. Part 2, p. 372; Vol. ii., p. 103; 
and Vol. ii., p. 101. 

78 Arnott's Criminal Trials, p. 312. 

7* Airlie Charters. Jervise Epitaphs, i., p. 149. 

•<* Acta Dom. Conoilii, p. 198. 

•1 Privy Council Records, Vol. v., p. 47. 

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136 Appendix 

cendants of this Alexander Guthrie of Halcarton can be 
followed pretty dearly in the printed records, with the 
assistance of the Indexes of the Edinburgh Commissariot 
Register of Testaments recently published by the Scottish 
Record Society, until Mr David Guthrie, minister of Glen- 
muck, dies and leaves an only child, Henry, to whom Mr 
Gideon Guthrie is served tutor on 30th June 1698.8* Though 
the lands pass out of the family in the 17th century, the 
family claimed the barony till 1747, when Harry Guthrie, 
9th Baron, relinquished the title on the abolition of Heritable 
Jurisdictions in Scotland." Though the male line is now 
believed to be extinct, there are descendants in the female 
branches represented by the family of the late Thomas 
Guthrie- Wright of Duddingst^on and Mr Thomson Bonar 
of London. 

Page 80. — Th>e Arnots of Cockburnspath, 

Regarding Sybilla Arnot, 23rd August 1685, a poor woman 
in, Cockburnspath, and William Arnot, 9th July 1671, "a 
poor distrest man" who obtained charity from the poor 
box of Bunkle and Preston, Dr Hardy remarks that they 
''probably represent the remnant of the once flourishing 
family of the Arnots of Cockburnspath." Among Dr 
Hardy's papers there was discovered a copy, in his own 
handwriting, of a MS. account of the house of Arnot, 
written partly by the late Hugo Arnot of Balcormo. This 
MS. was in the hands of the late Alexander Sinclair, Esq., 
Edinburgh, and is believed to be now in the possession 
of the Earl of Glasgow at Crawford Priory. As it is an 
interesting MS., hitherto unpublished, dealing partly with 
an old Berwickshire family, it has been thought expedient 
to publish it in this Appendix. 

Dr Hardy has left an unfinished note upon these Arnots, 
which proceeds as follows: — 

This Sybilla Arnot, a poor woman in Cockburnspath, and 
William Arnot already mentioned as ''a poor distrest man" 
(see July 9th 1671) who obtained charity from the poor box 

82 Inquiaitiones de Tutela, No. 1166. 

» Anderson's Scottish Nation, Vol. ii., p. 887. 

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Appendix 137 

of Bunkle and Preston, probably represent the remnant of 
the once flourishing family of Arnot of Oockbumspath. The 
only accoant of this branch of the family within my reach is 
that in the Scottish Nation^ Divis., ix., p. G80, etc. The 
grandson of John Arnot of Brocollie acquired the lands of 
Oockbumspath. His son, William, married Margaret Wallace, 
and their son, Sir John Arnot of Berswick, a burgess of 
Edinburgh, was, in 1587, chosen Lord Provost of that 
city, and for three subsequent years held that office. 
He was knighted by King James VI., and, about 1604, was 
appointed Treasurer Depute of Scotland. He was again 
chosen Lord Provost of Edinburgh from 1608 to 1615 inclu- 
sive. In 1605, he acquired four oxgatos of land in Bestalrig. 
In that and subsequent years he bought from the Earl of 
Orkney (who was beheaded) the lands of Berswick, Sandwick 
and Hoy, Eirkluscar, and Westrae — all in Orkney. He also 
possessed the barony of Granton, near Edinburgh; the lands 
of FouMen, Eeulismains, and Orumstaine, in Berwickshire ; 
and those of Woodmill, in Fife. Fast Castle and the adjacent 
lands of Lumsdean, after remaining a few years vested in 
the Grown, became the property of James Arnot. merchant 
in Edinburgh, who resigned them to the Homes, May 24th 
1617." "Sir George Home of Manderston married Sir 
John*s second daughter, Helen, and got the lands of Orum-- 
staine; and Wilkie of Foulden married the only daughter of 
his third son, James Arnot of Gran ton." To his second 
son, William, Sir John gave the lands of Oockbumspath®* 
Reference is then made to his hospitality, as a lan^dlord at 
Oockbumspath, to Taylor, the Water Poet, about 1630, 
quoted afterwards. ** William Arnot of Oockbumspath, with 
his two sons and his brother, the Laird of Granton, unfor- 
tunately became security to a very large amount for James 
Dalziell, merchant in Edinburgh, who married one of Sir 
John's daughters, and, in consequence of his bankruptcy, 
they were obliged to sell the estates of Oockbumspath and 
Granton. But John Arnot, King's Equerry, William's eldest 
son, kept the lands of Hoprig. The family is now extinct."^ 

•* Garr's Hiat. of Coldingham Priory, p. 92. 

^s General Register of Sasines, October 15th 1612. 

^ Scottish Nation. 

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138 AppeTidix 

One of the daaghtero of Amot, the postmaster of Cbckbams* 
path, perished in the explosion of the powder magazine in 
Dunglass Castle, 30th April 1640,*' when about sixty-six 
persons were killed, while thirty- three were injured. 

It is evident that the Arnots did not hold a great extent 
of land at Oookburnspath. I am only able to trace the 
Kirklands as belonging to them. Patrick Quhytelaw ** de 
eodem, with consent of his wife, Domina Margarete Hamilton, 
sold to William Arnote, terras ecclesiasticas de AiUdhamstokeSy 
jacentes in lie maines de Cokbrcmds path vocat lie Hospital.^^ 
This William Arnote was postmaster at Cockburnspath. He 
was bound ** to keep oontinuallie in his stabill or haive in 
reddines thrie habill and sufficient poist horsis, with furniture 
convenient for the service of his majesties pacquetis onlie 
als weell by nycht as by day, and twa homes to sound als 
oft as they meett the company, or at leist thrie tymes in 
evrie myle."®* 

This is the postmaster ©f whom John Taylor writes in such 
an adulatory strain. I owe the extract to Mr Ferguson. 

From " The Pennyless Pilgrimage, or the Moneylesse 
Perambulation of John Taylor, alias the King's Majesties' 
Water Poet "» 

About 1630. From Adam (Auldhame) Master John and 
Master James Acmootye went to the towne of Dunbarr with 
me, where ten Scottish pints of wine were consumed and 
brought to nothing for a farewell; there at Master James 
Baylie's house I tooke leave, and Master James Acmootye 
comming for Englane, said that if I would ride with him 
that neither I nor my horse should want betwixt that place 
and London. Now I having no money or meanes for 
travell, begin at once to examine my manners and my want; 
at last my want persuaded my manners to accept of this 
worthy gentleman's undeserved courtesie. So that night he 
brought me to a place called Cober-spath, where we lodged 

^^ See Lithprow*8 Gashing Tears. 
88 Re^. of Great Seal, Vol. iv., No. 1823. 

8» Reg. of Privy Coancil, Vol. vi., pp. 570, 782. Thos. H. Cookburn- 
Hood's "The House of Cockburn of that Ilk," p. 223. 
^ Hume Brown's Early Travellers in Scotland, p. 127. 

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Appendix 139 

at an inne, the like of which I daresay is not in any of 
his Majestie's dominions. And for to she we my thankful- 
ness to Master William Arnot and his wife, the owners 
thereof, I must expiaine their bountifuU entertainement of 
guests, which is this : — 

Suppose ten, fifteen, or twenty men and horses came to 
lodge at their bouse, the men shall have flesh, tame and 
wild fowle, fish, with all varieties of good cheere, good 
lodging, and welcome; and the horses shall want neither 
hay or provinder; and at the morning at their departure the 
reckoning is just nothing. This is that worthy gentleman's 
use, his chiefe delight being only to give strangers enter- 

ment gratia So leaving Ooberspath 

we rode to Barwicke 

There remain no longer any traces of the Arnots of Oock- 
burnspath. In 1844, I made some inquiries at Mr Eobert 
Fairbairn, afterwards residing at Duns, well-known for his 
intelligence, and he told me that his mother had more 
recollections of old Cockburnspath than anyone alive. She 
was 70 years old or more, so far as could be guessed from 
his data. She said that there once stood at the upper end 
of the square, above the village cross, a large building dalled 
Amot's Building, and that, when a girl, she had often played 
at hand-ball against its wall. It had been situated near 
what is now the baker's shop and house. It had then no 
owner, nor did anyone claim it, and it was finally annexed 
to the Dunglas property. Her reminiscences of it were 
quickened from being associated with a remarkable event in 
village life, the arrival and drawing up at the cross, which 
is quite near, of a detachment of military cavalry. These 
troops marched up to the cross on a Sabbath day, when 
the church scaled with bells jingling at each horse's head; 
and the people, instead of remaining: to gaze, hastened home 
somewhat dismayed. They arrived by a road at a back 
entrance to the village running between Pathhead and Cock- 
burnspath, which is still open, but now seldom used, and 
was then called the Pill Cross (Peel?) This road is a 
continuation of Dunglass Peathes, and passed the old bridge 
near Dunglass Mill. The soldiers were conjectured to be a 

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140 Appendix 

division of the Duke of Oumberland's army on its way to 
England, after the pacification of the Highlands. 

In the Privy Oounoil Records'^ there is an Act, dated 20th 
June 1616, for enlarging and repairiDg the Hoads in Ber- 
wickshire, in which Hamilton of Innerwicke and William 
Arnot of Oockburnspath are instructed to carry out these 
repairs. Further instructions are given to them and others 
by an Act dated March 1615 and August 1617.^ 

We next find William Arnot of Oockburnspath, and two 
other postmasters, and lattprly his son James also, charged 
and tried for neglect of their duties.*'' It would seem that 
William Arnot was ruined, and died about this time, for 
his son, James Arnot, on 29th June 1624, took refuge at 
Berwick-on-Tweed from the diligence of the creditors of 
James Dalziel, for whom he was surety.** 

The writer has not been able to discover if the petition 
of the creditors for the delivery of his person from Berwick- 
on-Tweed was successful; but the debts seem to have been 
transmitted to his heir, for a William Arnot (undersigned) 
is afterwards imprisoned in Edinburgh, and presents a 
petition for forbearance of all personal diligence, for the 
space of six years, for debts contracted before Whitsunday 
1658, and exceeding £1000 Scots.*' This petition was granted 
8th October 1663. That this William Arnot got into very 
indigent circumstances may be concluded from the fact of 
the entry in the Bunkle Register. All attempts to trace 
the descendants of this once important family have failed. 

The " House of Arnot J^ From the MSS, of Alexander Sinclair, 

Eaq.^ 133 George Street, Edinhv/rgh, copied hy 

the late Dr Hardy. 

Having lost or mislaid the notes I took from the M8S. 
relative to the family of Arnot in the possession of Hugh go 
(sic) Arnot of Balcormo, I applied to Mr W. H. Blackie, 
who I knew had also taken notes from these MSS. 

•' Privy Goancil Records, Vol. xi„ p. 543. 

•» Do. Vol. XI., p. 93. 

•• Do. Vol. xu., pp. 69, 82, 365, and 369. 

•* Do. Vol. xtn., p. 539. 

•• Acts of Pftrliameat, Scot., Vol. vii., p. 99 of Appendix, 

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Appendix 1*1 

Copy of Mr BlcLckie^s Notes. 

Genealogy oj the Hovse of Amotf from cm cmcient MS. 

vjritten about the yea/r 1660. 

The custom of taking hereditary surnames from lands 
began about the year of God 1000, for then the Feudal Law 
was rdceived into the western parts of Europe, and namely, 
into Scotland. By which law the right of land was assured 
by Charter and Seasine, and so the owners took their 
designation from their property, being called John or James 
of such a fee, as Joannes de Balfour, Michael de Wemys, 
whereby the old surnames of Mack and Gill (whereby the 
ancient Scots preserved the memory of their ancestors) piece 
and piece decayed in the low countries of Scotland, being 
worn out by these topical surnames, taken from lands, or 
by surnames of office, as Stewart, Durward, Bannerman, and 
the like, by which means the antiquities of the families of 
the low countries is quite lost. For the ancient Scots pre- 
served their genealogies in remembrance by means of their 
senachies or antiquaries entertained for that effect, who, 
disdaining the lowland Scots for abandoning the Irish tongue 
and despising their topical and officiery surnames, contented 
themselves to preserve the memory of the Gills and Macks, 
who retained the old language and manners, calling the 
lowlanders (in despite) Saskins, or Englishs and Buddagh 
Gald or base Strangers. The other means of preserving the 
genealogies of families by record, public and private, namely, 
by Charters and Seasings, was disappointed by malice of 
King Edward Longshanks of England, who, about the year 
1300, having overrun the whole kingdom of Scotland, either 
destroyed or transported (p. 7) to England all the ancient 
records and monuments, public and private, except some 
registers of abbeys and other convents, which either perished 
in the time of the Reformation, or were engrossed in the 
hands of some particular men who withheld them from 
public use. 

Amongst others, the house of Arnot did feal a share of 
this public calamity, losing all their old evidents, so that in 
the days of King David Bruce, Machael Arnot, in subsidue 
thereof, was forced to take a Charter of his lands holden 

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l42 AppeTidix 

of the Earl of Fife, which his predecessors held immediately 
of the King, in which estate that house continued to the 
days of King James I. Hence it is that there cannot be 
made up a clear and full genealogical deduction of the 
house of Amot to the day of the Brucean War. Notwith- 
standing if to that (which is already preserved in Ecclesiastical 
Eecords) diligence were used to add such remembrances as 
in the like monuments, is not wanting a great part of this 
gap might be filled up. The Senachies have a tradition 
set down in one of their ballads, showing that in the days 
of King Constantino II., or thereby, as by circumstances 
appeareth, for they name not the king, about the year 860, 
sundry of the late expulsed Picts returning and associating 
with some Saskins, as they call them or Englishmen, and 
certain Danes, led by one Starchar, seized upon the hills on 
the east end of Lochleven, and so lying about Arnot (as 
appeared by the circumstances) belonging to Duff Ogg, 
Kenneth McBriach, and Culen McVogul; after many skir- 
mishes and slaughter on both sides, the ballad relateth that 
after a victory obtained by these three gentlemen against 
their enemies, Culen McVogul, guarding his herdsmen on 
the hills, as he drank of a well, certain of the enemies 
ambushed iu a clough near the place killed him with twenty 
arrows at once fastened in his body, and buried beside the 
well, called Culena Vogul's well, in the march betwixt 
Arnot and Kinnestoun (which then was part of Arnot), and 
at the same time killed Duff Og, burying him at the plain 
called Mount Duff. But in a few days Kenneth McBriagh, 
with the sons of the other two, expelled those strangers and 
recovered the hills, restoring to every man his own. 

Vegul, 850. — Shortly after. Duff Keer of Echam McCnlen 
transported their father's corpse to a place called Killduff, 
being a chapel built for that purpose. There is a place 
of that name in the barony of TulliboU. Hence we may 
collect that the lands called Arnot (in the Irish Arnaught, 
that is high crofts of land) in the days of Kenneth 
the 2nd (whe expelled the Picts) fell ;to the share of one 
Begull, in reward of his services. The Irish analogy 
declining B. in the genetive V. calling Bogull*s son McVogul 
(870.) Culen, his son, possessed the same, molested by the 

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Apperidix 143 

Plots, Danes, and Saxons, by whom he was killed (900.) 
Eahan or Hector, his son, recovered his possessions; further 
of his posterity for some ages is not found as -yet. 

Malcolm de Abnot, 1120. — About the year 1150, one 
Arnot was Abbot of Kelso, who, in the year 1160, was 
made Bishop of St. Andrews. We found that his father 
was Malcolm de Arnot, and his two brethren. Sir Peter and 
William de Arnald, for this Abbot was bred in Durham. 
Now, the English and French ordinarily pronounce Arnold 
for Arnot. It is reported of this William de Arnold (who 
obtained lands in Lesmahago by gift of his brother, the 
Abbot of Kelso) descended the Wilsons of Groglan, in 
Annandale, who indeed do carry the Coat Arms of Arnot, 
argent, a cheveron betwixt three stars, sable. 

Sir Malcolm, 1240. — The Chronicle called Stemmata Bruti 
recordeth that King Alexander II. of Scotland sent Duncan, 
Earl of Fife, Ambassador to King Henry of England, 
accompanied with two knights of Fife, John de Morevill, 
apparently Melvill, and Malcolm (or rather Malcolm de 
Arnot.) It seems that this Sir Malcolm Arnot had two 

Sib Henry, 1280. — For in the Roll of Arrears of Rent of 
the Priory of St. Andrews, for the year 1289, it is said 
that Sir Henry Arnot, in the parish of Port Mog, resteth 
for the Tythes of Arnot 40/-, at 20d8. the Boll; also that 
Michael Arnot resteth for the Tythes of BrocoUi £12. The 
Hke is said in the year 1290. 

Nicol Arnot seems to have been l^is son, for on the 14th 
year of King Robert Bruce, 1320, in ane role of the 
military services of land holding of the King, it is said that 
Terra Nichol de Arnot, debet servitudinem unius milites & 
Knight's service, by which it appeareth that those lands 
held of the king, in capite at that time. (Apparenty **ot" 
and "et" also.) Michael de Arnot (the old evidence being 
lost) taJseth a new charter of Duncan, Earl of Fife, by 
whom he was drawn on Edward BalioPs side, joining with 
Sir John Stirling and other gentlemen at the siege of Loch 
Levin, 1334. This Michael Arnot attending the Guard of 
the Dyke which was dammed in the loch, those of the 
garrison of the castle by stratagem did let forth the water, 

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144 AppBndia^ 

breaking through a passage for it, whereby he was drowned 
in the Kerses of Leven. 

David Arnot, his son, commonly called David the Divel, 
for his untoward life, iu a contentioa about the marches of 
Arnot and Bishopshire, resisting the Bishop's intrusion, one 
of his servants wounded the Bishop in the back, in assyeth- 
ment of which violence he gave to the Bishop and See of 
St. Andrews the lands of Kinneston. He had two sons — 
Sir Henry, his successor, and John Arnot, Laird of Lochrig, 
in Cunningham. 

Sir Henry Arnot, his son, contended long with Walter 
Trail, Bishop of St. Andrews, anent the same marches and 
superiority of Kinnieston, which he alleged the Bishop held 
of him by the former donation ; at length the matter was 
composed by Robert, Earl of Fife, Duke of Albany, about 
the year 138S. There was (sic) a pension of 3g (?) paid 
to the house of Arnot out of the said lands till of late, 

about the year He had three sons — William, his 

successor, John Arnot, and James. His daughter married 
Cunningham, Lord of Kilmaurs, predecessor of the Earls of 

William Arnot entailed the lands of Arnot to his heirs 
male, and failing his own sons, to John and James Arnot, 
his brethren, and to John Arnot of Lathrig, their uncle. 

Richard Arnot, his son, resigneth the lands in favor of 
his brother John ; hence it is that this John, bearing (as a 
second Brother) a crescent in place of ten stars in base, his 
successors kept the same bearing, till of late it was restored 
to the original. 

John Arnot, succeeding to his brother, married Marjory 
Bos well, daughter of John Bos well of Balmuto, who bore 
him twins. (1) John Arnot, his successor, surnamed Q-layd; 

(2) Walter Arnot of Bamberton ; and three daughters — (1) 
Florence Arnot, Lady Rattray, whose only daughter, heir of 

Rattray, married the Earl of At hoi, and bare Earl 

of Athol, and three daughters, the ladies of Drummond, 
Lindsay, and Glen Urquhart ; (2) Bessie Arnot, Lady Semple ; 

(3) Helen Arnot, spouse to Sir Thos. Douglas of Anacraigh. 
Walter Arnot of Bamberton had only two daughters. (1) 
Bessie Arnot, thrice married^ 1st to Brown of Fordell, who 

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Appendix 146 

got with her the lands of Balberton; secondly to Colvill of 
Hillton ; thirdljr the Lord Semple, and heired all those three 
houses. (2) Helen, married Dun das of Fingask, and heired 
that house. 

This Marjory Boswell had two younger sisters; the one 
married the Laird of Auchmutie, Pitferran, Auchinleck, and 
Grange Durhani in Angus, so that the three sisters heired 
six houses — Arnot, Balgonie, Aughmutie, Petferran, Auchin- 
leck, and Grange. Her brother, David Boswell of Balmuto, 
had six daughters, who heired six houses — Lochleven Kippo, 
Balfour, Beaton, Seafield, Balnuth, Sal in Bruce. 

This John, Laird of Arnot, was killed at Bogie Bushes 
by the Laird of East Weemys, Livingstone, who had raised 
a great power to poynd from the land of Balmuto; not- 
withstanding Balmuto chased his forces out of the field and 
took himself prisoner, losing his brother-in-law, the Laird 
of Arnot, being too forward in the onset. His widow, 
Marjory Boswell, married Sir Thomas Sibbald of Balgony, 
Treasurer of Scotland, bearing to him one only daughter, 
Elizabeth Sibbald, married to George, 4th Earl of Angus, of 
whom, besides the Earl of Angus, descended Lady Margaret 
Douglas, Countess of Lennox, and grandmother to King 
James VI. 

John Arnot, his son, 1412, married Oatherine Melvell, 
daughter of the Laird of Oarnbee. She bare to him one 
daughter, Giles Arnot, married to John Weemys (called 
John at the Cross) brother to the Laird of Weemys, whose 
second son was Bishop of Galloway. He had also 18 sons. 
(1) John Arnot, his successor; (2) Mr David Arnot, first 
Provost of Bothwell, thereafter Bishop of Galloway, dean of 
the Chapel Royal, and a great Counseller of King James 
IV. ; (3) son Robert Arnot of Woodmiln ; (4) Malcolm 
Arnot, minister of Scotland well, predecessor to the Ambts of 
Kinnaswood, and to Robert Arnot of Bonshols, Provost of 
Perth; (5) Henry Arnot of Barcaple, in Galloway. The rest 
were kirkmen and prebendaries of the Chapel Royal at 
StirliDg, of whom are descended the Amots about Stirling. 

John Arnot, 1489 (his son) married Eupheme Scott, daughter 
to the Laird of Bal weary. His three daughters were ladies 
of Cush, Carslowr, and Skedoway. He had five sons. (1) 

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146 Appendix 

Walter, his suooessor; (2) Mr Andrew Amot, pareon of 
Tough ; (3) Mr David Arnot, Abbot of Tungland ; (4) 
Amot of Pitmedden; (5) James Arnot of Oobsie (?) 

Walter Arnot, 1520 (his son) built the South tower of 
the place of Arnot. He married Elizabeth Duddingstone, 
daughter of the Laird of Sandford. . He had three sons. 
(1) David, his father's suooessor; (2) Archibald Arnot, minister 
of the Oonvent of Scotland well ; (3) George, parson of 
Essie. He had also five daughters. (I) Margaret, spouse to 
Alex. Inglis, Tutor of Tarbat; (2) Katherine, Lady Gamock; 
(3) Giles, gudwife of Mount Flowrie; (4) Bessie, gudwife of 
Drumgarland; (5) Jean, spouse to John Spens of Oondie, 
advocate to Queen Mary, whose three daughters, (1) Jean, 
married the Laird of Lathendry; (2) Marion Spens, spouse 

to Bannatyne of Kelmaks ; (3) married Sir John 

MoncreifE of Kinninmont (or Kinnininaite. ) Jean Arnot, 
after the death of the Laird of Oondie, married the old 
Laird of Lathendy. 

David Amot, 1549 (his son) married Janet Bruce, daughter 
of the Laird of Earlshall. He had four sons. (1) David, 
his successor; (2) Andrew, Minister of the House of Scot- 
landwell; (3) Walter, Prebender of Pittinbrog ; (4) Robert 
Arnot; which two last died unmarried. His daughters were 
(I) Janet, Lady Strathendry ; (2) Elizabeth, Lady Jfuth (sic) 
Hay; (3) Helen, Lady Balcanqual. He was a man of an 
able body, and especially an excellent archer. In the year 
1535, while his father was yet living, William Lord Howard, 
and the Bishop of St. David's, being sent Embassador by 
King Henry 8th of England to King James Y. of Scotland, 
six of their retinue provoked any six of Scotland's gentlemen 
and yeomen to the archery at butts and pricks in the 
links of Leith, before the King and his mother. Queen 
Margaret. The match was undertaken by David Weemys 
of that ilk, David Arnot, fiar of that ilk, Mr John Wedder- 
burn, vicar of Dundee, gentlemen, and John Thomson in 
Leith, Stephen Tahourner, and . . . Baillie, a pyper yeomen, 
who overcame the Englishmen, the wages being an hundred 
crowns and a tun of wine. 

David Arnot, 1557 (his son) married Catherine Forrester, 
daughter to the Laird of Strathendry. His sons were David 

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Appendix 147 

and Walter (who both succeeded him), and Mr George, 
who died unmarried. His daughters were (1) Jean Struan 
Mernaj; (2) Margaret, spouse to Alexander Toung, gen- 
tleman usher to King James VI. ; (3) Bessie, good wife of 
Grange-Moor Borthwick ; (4) Marion, Lady Blackhall ; (5) 
Euphem, good wife of Linmylne Bruce. 

David Arnot, his eldest son and successor, died unmarried. 

Walter Arnot, 1584, succeeded his brother, 1584, and 
married Mary Balfour, elder daughter of Sir James Balfour 
of Burghley, sister to Michael, first Lord Balfour of Burghley. 

The following is from the MS. by Hugo Arnot, Esq., Advocate, 
also copied by the late Br Ha/rdy. 

James, eldest son of the above Walter, died unmarried ; 
his 2nd, Michael, was by King Charles the First created a 
Knight Baronet, 27th July 1629. The patent was conceived 
in favor of Sir Michael, his heirs male and assignees, what- 
soever. He married Ann Brown, by whom he had six 
children. Charles Arnot, who succeeded him, and who 
married Helen Reed, daughter of James Reed of Pittlethill 
(or Pittleshill) by Margaret Bruce, his wife. 

[This portion is in a bold, careless hand. The following 
is in a more careful and female (?) hand.] 

Brecollie and Colbrandspath. 

(Michael, 1290.) — Michael de Arnot was heritor of Bra- 
collie, 1290, son as it seemeth to Sir Malcolm, and brother 
to Sir Henrie Arnot of that ilk. There is mention of him 
in the Rolls of St. Andrews. • 

(James, 1410.) — James Arnot of Brecollie succeeded thereto, 
it seemeth be marriage of the heretrix, descended of the 
said Michael, for it appeareth be the Chartour of Tailzie 
that he was son to Sir Henrie of that ilk, and brother to 
William who made the Tailzie. 

(John. 1440.) — John Arnot of Brecollie, for revenge of 

the slaughter of his cousin, John Arnot of that ilk, killed 

at Bogiebushies, keeped deadlie feud with the house of East 

Wemys Livingston (and slaughter ensuing thereupon), ^as 


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148 Appendix 

forced to flee into Lothian, being protected by the laird of 
Waughton, and Lord Dirleton, his brother. 

Arnot settled in England, whose posterity are surnamed 
Arnolds. This John's grandehilde acquired the Kyndlie 
Tenandrie of the lands of Oolbrandspath, being then immed- 
telie holden of the crown. 

(William, 1540.) — William Arnot, his son, married Marion 
Wallace, who bare to him Sir John Arnot, first a Wryter 
to the Signet, thereafter using Traffique was Merchant to 
King James YI., BaiUie, and afterwards Provost, of Edin- 
burgh, about the year 1604. He was Treasurer Deput of 
Scotland. He purchased manie landes. He provyded Wood- 
mill in Fyffe to his grandehilde be his eldest son John 
(see Woodmill); Colbrandspath to his second sone William; 
Granton to his third sone James. His landes of Eestalrig 
to his daughter Marion, spouse to James Nisbet, BaiUie of 
Edinburgh. Foulden and Crumestane to his son-in-law. 
Sir George Hoome of Manderstone, and to Sir John Hoome 
of Crumstane, his son. 

He married first Helen Johnstone, daughter to 

Johnstone of Kellobanks, who bare him three sones. ( 1 ) John 
(see Woodmylne); (2) William of Colbrandspath; (3) James 
of Granton; and two daughters. (1) Eachell Arnot, spouse 
to Archibald Johnstone, Merchant to King James YI. ; (2) 
Arnot, spouse to James Dalzell, Baillie of Edin- 
burgh, a fatall AUye. Secondly he married Margaret Orage, 
sister to Mr Thomas Orage of Hiccarton, Advocate, be 
whom he had (1) Marion Arnot, spous to James Nisbett, and 
thereafter to Sir Lewes Stodart of Kirkhill, Advocate ; (2) 

Arnot, spouse to Tho. M BaiUie of 


William Arnot of Colbrandspath, his second sone, mar- 
ried Margaret Hoome, daughter to Patrick Hoome in 
Dunglasse. His sones were (1) John; (2) James, Merchant 
in Edinburgh. His daughters were (1) Bachall Arnot, spous 
to Mr Samuel Johnstone of Sheens; (2) Janet Arnot, spous 
to Kobert Pringle, Wryter. He and his brother James, and 
his two sons, being involved in hudgo Cautionries for his 
brother-in-law, James Dalzell, be his braking, were forced 
to sell the landes of Oolbrandspath and Granton. John 

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Appendioc 149 

Arnot of Hoperig, his elder son, married Margaret Crage, 
daughter to Bobert Grage, Advocate, who bare to him 
John Arnot. 

John Arnot, his son, married Hamilton, daughter to Sir 
Alexander Hamilton, younger of Inner wick. 

James Arnot, Merchant, younger sone to William of 
Oolbrandspath, married Agnes Jackson, daughter of John 
Jackson, Bailie of Edinburgh. Their first sone, Mr John, 
died in France, Sans issue ; (2) Mr William ; (3) James ; 
(4) Samuel. [These were ministers. — J.H.] 

James Arnot of Granton, youngest sone to Sir John 
Arnot, had one onlie daughter married to John Wilkie, 
younger of Foulden. 


John Arnot of Loghbio was younger sone to David 
Arnot of that ilk, and brother to Sir Henrie, whose daughter 
being married to the Lord Kilmaurs, he attended her to 
the West) and settling himself there beside her, purchased 
Loghrig, which was an estate of good value, until that the 
Laird of Eobertland upon a gift of recognition seised upon 
the one half thereof. 

The genealogical accounts contained in the nine foregoing 
pages is a correct copy of an ancient MS. of the genealogy 
of the House of Arnot, in the possession of Hugo Arnot 
of Balcormo, Esq., 8th August 1835. 

The following pedigree is here annexed in Mr Sinclair's 

Daddingston of Sandford. 

Beaton, First Laird of Creagh = Isobell Daddingston. 

John Beaton, second Laird of Creagh = 

Andrew Murray of Black Barony = Isobell Beaton. 

John Hope Pringle Marietta 

of Whitebank, 1567 "" Murray. 

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160 Appendix 

Off the Allyes of the House of Arnot, from the MS. Genealogy 
of that Jamily, turitten a.d. 1667, in the possession 
of Hv^o Arnot. 

It is reported by constant tradition that Michael Arnot, 
who lived about the year 1330, married the sister of Duncan, 
Earl of Fife, who in her widowhood built the North Tower 
of the Place of Arnot. One Neil Cunningham of Lambuc- 
town married Isabel Arnot, daughter to Sir John Arnot of 
that ilk, who bare to him three sons, Cuthbert and Alexander. 
Cuthbert married Lady Douglas, daughter to James, Earl 
of Douglas, who was forfeited. Off whom the family of 
Glencairn is descended. ^ For . off Neil Cunningham are 
descended nearly all the Cunninghams in the West. By 
this account it is 536 years since this daughter of John 
Arnot was married, and he lived in the year 1131. This 
is the account made of her in Glencairns branch of the 
genealogy of that house of Glencairn. 

Marjory Bos well, spouse to John Arnot, first of that name, 
besides the alliances of the families of Auchmoutie, Pitferran, 
Auchinleck. Grange Durham, Loghleven, Kippo, Balfour, 
Beaton, Seafield, Balmouth, Salin, Bruce, greatly strengthened 
the house of Arnot, by her daughter of her second marriage 
with Sir Thomas Sibbald of Balgony. Sibbald, Countess of 
Angus, who being half sister to John Arnot of that ilk, 
second of that name, father of eighteen sons, all men of action 
and worth. Her Son Archibald, Earl of Angus (surnamed 
Bell the Cat), Chancellor of Scotland, the man of greatest 
authority in the reigns of Kings James III. and IV., being 
cousin with them, easily procured their advancement to the 
King's service and ecclesiastical promotion. The first of 
them was Mr David Arnot, the second brother, whom he 
promoted to the Provostship of the College Kirk of BothweU, 
whereof he was patron thereafter to the Bishoprick of Gal- 
loway and Deanship of the Chapel Royal. Robert Arnot, 
the third brother, he preferred to the attendance of the 
King's person, who by his own abilities easily advanced 
himself to greater favour. Some of the same eighteen brethren 
had by the Earl of Angus presentation prebends of the 
College Kirk of Abernethy, which continued to their .... 

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Appendix l6l 

a long time Pittenbrog, and was partly the occasion 

of the purchase of Pitmeddan and Oolsie to their brother's 
sons. Neither is it to be forgotten that of the same lady 
of Arnot, Marjory Bothwell, descended the Lady Margaret 
Douglas, daughter to Archibald, Earl of Angus, Countess of 
Lennox and grandmother of King James YI. The same eighteen 
brethren did bear out the feud of the Laird of Bal weary, 
being then one of the greatest barons in Fife, and in great 
authority with the King, till he made alliance with them, 
bestowing his eldest daughter, Euphem Scot, upon John 
Arnot of that ilk, third of that name. 

The same John Arnot, first of that name, by his daughter 
Florence, Lady Ilattray, was predecessor to the Earls of 
Athole, Lords Drummond and Lindsay, and Lairds of 
Glenurquhard, and by the two daughters and Heirs of his 
son, Walter Arnot of Balberton, of his body are descended 
the Lords Sempel, Lords Oolville, both of Culross and 

Ochiltree, Laird of Fordell Brown and Fingask 

Dundas. Walter Arnot, first of that name, married Elizabeth 
Duddino:8ton, daughter to the Laird of Sandford; her sister, 
Isabel Duddingston, married the first Lord of Oreigh, and 
was mother to Janet Beaton, Lady East Weemyss, Livingston, 
whose only daughter, .... Livingston, married Sir James 
Hamilton of Fynnart and East Wemyss, exchanged there- 
after for Ochiltree, and again Ochiltree for Avondale ; of 
this Sir James descended the great house of the Hamiltons 
of Avondale. Sir James Hamilton of Avondale's eldest 
daughter married Andrew E. of Rothes, and was mother to 

Master of Kothes and Patrick Lord Lendores. 

The same Janet Beaton, after the death of the Laird of 
East Weemyss, married James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, and 
was mother to James, Duke of Ohatelherault, governor of 
Scotland, who had three sons — (1) James, Earl of Arran, 
a nobleman of great spirit, but was taken with a &enzie, 
never married ; (2) John, first Marquis of Hamilton ; (3) 
Claud, Lord Paisley, father to the Earl of Abercom and to 
the late Countess of Angus; he had also very many younger 
sons. Duke Hamilton, who had two sisters — (I) Countess 
of Argyle ; (2) Lady Fleeming, mother to ... . Fleeming, 
Lady Thirlestane, spouse to Chancellor Maitland, and there* 

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152 Appendix 

after Ooaatess of Oasnillis. The Duke Hamilton had but 
one daughter, Oountess of Huntlj, mother to the Marquis. 
The second iairJ of Oreigh, Robert Beaton (rather John, see 
Arohives in Public Eecords) brother to Janet Beaton, had 
seven daughters — ( 1 ) Janet Beaton, second wife to Sir Walter 
Scott, Elder of Baccleagh, to whom she bare two daughters 
— (1) Janet, Lady Borthwick; (2) Dorothea Scot, Ladj 
Cranston Orichtoa 2nd daughter Grizel Beaton married Sir 
Walter Scott, younger of Buccleugh, and bare to him Sir 
Walter Scot of Bucdeugh, his successor, and three* .... 
[Here the MS. ceases, which I copy. — Signed, J. Hardy.] 

Through the kindness of Lady Gertrude Cochrane, the 
writer of this Appendix has been permitted to compare the 
above MS. with the copy at Crawford Priory, where he abo 
discovered the remaining portion of it, which, with her lady- 
ship's permission, he transcribed, and now submits: — 

* daughters — first, Janet Scot, Lady Fernihirst, brother to Sir 
Robert Ker, Earl of Somersett, whose only daughter married 
the Earl of Bedford. Sir James Ker of Claringhall had 
three daughters — Mary Ker, Lady Melros Douglas; Julian 
Ker, Lady Polwarth and Countess of Haddington; and Anna 
Ker, Lady Balmerino. Second daughter of Bucdeugh was 
Margaret Scot, Lady Johnston. The third daughter of 
Creigh, Elizabeth Beaton, bare a daughter to King James 

v., named Stewart, Countess of Argyle, sans issue. 

Afterwards, this Elizabeth Beaton was married to the Lord 

Innermeath, and bare Lord Innermeath and four 

daughters — Janet Stewart, Lady Banden Ruthven; Elizabeth, 
Lady Kellie ; Auchterlonie, Lady Leys Hay ; and Lady Anne, 
spouse to Lindsay, Captain of Finhaven. The fourih daughter 

of Creigh, Beaton, married the Laird of Regis; 

The fifth daughter, .... Beaton, married the Laird of Powrie, 
Ogilvie ; the sixth, Christian Beaton, married Michael Balfour 
of Burleigh, whose only daughter, Margaret Balfour, by her 
husband, Sir James Balfour, Clerk of Register and Lord of 
Session, fourth son to Andrew Balfour of Montquhanny, had six 
sons — (1) Michael, Lord Balfour of Burleigh; (2) Sir JamuB 

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Appendix 153 

Balfour of Glenahlej; (3) Sir Harrie Balfour, ^ntleman of 
the Privy Chamber to King James YI., and Captain of a 
foot company in the Low Countries; (4) Sir David Balfour, 
Colonel in the Low Countries ; (5) Mr William ; and (6) 
Captain John, died unmarried. The said Laird of Burghley 
had two daughters — Mary, -Lady Burghley, and Helen, Lady 
Colaimie. Michael, Lord Burghley, had one daughter, Margaret, 
Lady Burghley, who, by her husband, Kobert, Lord Burghley, 
had many sons, of whom one only came to age — John, now 
Master of Burghley. They had four daughters— (1) Anna, 
spouse to David, Earl of Wemyss ; (2) Margaret, spouse to 
Sir John Crawford of Kilbirny; (3) Isabel, spouse to Thomas, 
Lord Buthven ; and (4) Jean, spouse to James Amot, younger 
of Faimie. The seventh daughter of the Laird of Creigh 
married the Laird of Chisholm. Dame Qrizzel Beaton, the 
second daughter, after the death of the Laird of Buccleuch, 
married Murray of Blackbarony, to whom she bare three 
sons — Sir Gideon Murray of Elibank, Treasurer Depute, and 
William Murray of Newton ; and three daughters — .... 
Murray, Lady Philiphaugh ; . . . . Murray, Lady Whytbank 
Pringle ; and Elizabeth, spouse first to James Borthwick of 
Newbyres, and thereafter to Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield. 
She had only one daughter to Newbyres, married to Sir 
Thomas Hamilton, Earl of Haddington, to whom she bare 
two daughters. The eldest was Lady Lindsay and Boyd ; the 
second was Countess of Airly. Thomas Hamilton of Priest- 
field, by Elizabeth, had five sons — (1) Sir John Hamilton of 
Magdalene, Clerk of Register; (2) Sir Andrew of Bedhouse, 
Lord of Session; (3) Sir Patrick Hamilton of Little Preston; 
(4) Sir Alexander, General of Artillery; and (5) Mr James 
Hamilton, who never married. He had also two daughters 

— Itadies Grange Kirkcaldie and Innerwick Murray 

of Black barony, son to Dame Grizzel Beaton, had three sons — 
Sir Archibald Murray of Blackbarony ; Sir John Murray of 

Eevelrig; Walter Murray, to a company of foot in 

the low countries; and . . , daughters — Murray, 

spouse to Ro>)ert Ker, Earl of Ancrum, mother to the Earl 

of Lothian; Murray, spouse to Robert Hackett of 

Pitferran. Sir Gideon Murray, his brother, had three sons — 
(1) Patrick, Lord Elibank ; (2) William Murray of Long- 

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154 . Appendix 

hermiston; (3) Sir Walter Murray of Livingston; and one 

daughter — Murray^ spouse to Sir William Scot of 


The third Laird of Creigh, Eobert Beaton, married a 
French lady. She bare to him David, and Mr James. 

David fourth, Laird of Creigh, married Beatrix Leslie, 
daughter to the Earl of Eothes, by whom be had only one 
daughter, Anna Beaton, married Sir James Ohisholm of 
Cromlix. Mr James Beaton, Parson of Roxburgh, succeeded 
to his brother, and married Margaret Wemyss, daughter to 
the Laird of Wemyss. Sir Alexander Bruce, first Laird of 
EarlshaU, was a younger brother of the house of Airth, and 
he served long in the Wars of France with great honour, 
and purchased lands there called Contrefunt, which he 
excambed with the Lord Mon^penny with Earlshall. He 
married Janet Stewart, daughter to the Laird of Gragiehall, 
by whom he had one son and four daughters — (I) Quid wife 
of Callinch Kinninmonth ; (2) Lady Brackmonth Ramsay ; 
(3) Lady Bleboe Trail ; (4) Lady Montquhany. 

Sir William Bruce, his son, married Margaret Meldrum, 
daughter to the Laird of Logic, by whom he had two sons — 
Peter, his successor, and Robert Bruce of Pitlethie ; and four 
daughters — (1) Helen Bruce, Lady Tolmy Maxwell; (2) Janet, 
Lady Arnot; (3) Margaret, Lady Nydie; (4) Elizabeth, good- 
wife of Kirkton Scrimgeour. 

Robert Bruce of Pitlethie married Janet Dundas, daughter 
to the Baron of Fingask, who bare him Robert Bruce, his 
successor. Robert Bruce, younger of Pitlethy, married Helen 
Sharp, daughter to Sir John Sharp of Houston, Advocate, 
who bare to him three daughters — (I) Margaret Bruce, spouse 
to Mr James Reid of Pitlethy ; (2) Janet Bruce, spouse to 
Sir Thomas Gourlie of Kincraigs ; and (3) Helen Bruce, 
Lady Fingask. 

Peter Bruce of Enrlshall, son to Sir William Bruce, married 
Margaret Scrimgeour, eldest daughter and co-heir of the 
Constable of Dundee, who bare Alexander, his successor, and 
three daughters. The first married Leslie of Innerdibat ; the 
second, Nairn of Sandford ; third, James Ramsay of Rhind. 
Alexander Bruce of Earlshall married Eupham Leslie, only 
daughter and heir of John Leslie of ParkhiU, brother to 

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Appendix 165 

George, Earl of Eothes. She bare to him William Bruce, 
his successor, and two daughters — Elizabeth, Lady Durie, and 
Janet, Lady Braksmonth. William Bruce of Earlshall, his 
son, married Elizabeth Wood, daughter to Sir Andrew Wood 
of Largo, Controller of Scotland, who bare six sons — (1) Sir 
Andrew, his successor ; (2) Mr Robert, parson of Ballingrie ; 
(3) William, who died in Germany ; (4) Alexander, who 
married Jean Kirkcaldy, daughter and heir of John Kirk- 
caldy of Easter Alden ; (5) John, who married Kumadie's 
daughter, and liveth in St. Andrews; (6) Mr George, Doctor 
of Physic, who married and died at Worcester, in England. 
Their two daughters were — Elizabeth, spouse to Ajidrew 
Bruce of Pittorthie, and Jean, spouse to Mr Walter Dundas 
of Magdalens. 

Sir Michael Balfour, whose ancient heritage was Starr and 
Balgarvie, married Dame Margaret Balfour, and with her 
got conjunct infeftment of the lands of Burghly from King 
James II., in 1450. 

Michael Balfour, his son, married .... Mushet, daughter 
to the Laird of Mushet. He was infeft 1490. David 
Balfour^ his son, was infeft in Burghly in 1522. He married 
Annas Forrester, daughter to the Laird of Gatheden, who 
bare him Michael Balfour, his successor, and Mr Walter 
Balfour, Parson of Varnal ; and two daughters — Janet, spouse 
to James Wood of Cameletham, and Margaret, spouse to 
Alexander Jameson of Little Balgarvie. After the ^eath of 
the Laird of Burghly, Annas Forrester married James Pringle 
of Buckham, a great courtier, with King James Y., bearing 
him three sons and one daughter, who married Ker of the Tare. 
Andrew Balfour of Montquhany married the first Laird of 
Earlshall's daughter, who bare him seven sons — (1) Michael, his 
successor; (2) David Balfour of Grange; (3) Gilbert Balfour 
of Westray, in Orkney ; (4) Sir James Balfour, Clerk of 
Begister, who married Margaret Balfour of Burghly, daughter 
and heir of the Michael Balfour of Burghly ; (5) George, 
Prior of Charterhouse ; (6) Andrew ; (7) Robert. Michael 
Balfour of Montquhany married Balmuto's daughter, who 
bare to him Michael, his successor, and Helen Balfour, spouse 

to Allan Coats, younger of Michael Balfour, his 

son, married Margaret Melville, daughter to Sir James 

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156 Appendix 

Melville of Hallhill, who bare to him Michael, who sucoeeded 
to the estate of Ghrange, the lands of Montquhany being 
apprysed, and some daughters married in Ireland. Dayid 
Balfonr, first Laird of Ghrange, married Elizabeth Wemyss, 
daughter to the Laird of Wemyss, by whom he had Dayid 
Balfour, his successor, and Anna Balfour, Lady Fordell 
Henderson. It is reported that Sir Michael Balfour, first 
Laird of Burghly, his second son, James Balfour, was Gk)od- 
man of Torrie, in Monteath. James Balfour of Torrie, his 

grandchild, had two wives. First, Shaw, daughter 

to Laird of Knockhill, who bare him three sons — (1) James 
Balfour of Torrie; (2) Colonel Harrie; (3) Duncan Balfour, 
author of the French Kings's Guard, and thereafter Provost 

of St. Andrews. His second wife was Dmmmond, 

daughter to the Laird of Camock, who bare him Oolonel 
Bartholomew Balfour. Colonel Harrie married Christian 
Cant, daughter to Walter Cant in Leith, who bare him Sir 
William Balfour of Fitnillo, and Harrie Balfour. Colonel 
Bartholomew Balfour married Beatrix Cant, another daughter 
of the said Walter Cant, who bare him Sir Philip Bidfour 
and Captain James. 

The Lady Ochiltree, sumamed Amot, was (as it seemeth) 
daughter to John Amot of that Ilk, second of that, by 
Katharine Melville, his spouse. Of her descended the Lords 
Ochiltree (whose posteritie are called Lords of Castle Stewart, 
in Ireland) Captain James Stewart, father of the present 
Lord Ochiltree, to Lord Down, father to James, Earl of 
Murray, slain at Donni bristle, the Lord St. Colm, the Lairds 
Barskiming, Ochiltree, and Avondale. 

Andrew Stewart, son to Walter, grandchild to Murdo, 
Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife, being come over to Ireland 
in his childhood, was recalled by King James III., created 
Lord Chancellor of Scotland and Baron of Avondale. Andrew 
Stewart, Lord Avondale, his son, desirous to see Fife, his 
grandfather's patrimony, was entertained by the Laird of 
Arnot (named John, who married Katharine Melville) and 
married his daughter. Their son, Andrew Stewart, Lord 

Avondale, married Hamilton, daughter to the Earl 

of Arran, and exchanged Avondale for Ochiltree, and there- 
after was styled Lord Ochiltree. It is to be observed that 

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Apperidix 157 

Ochiltree wiis the ancient patrimony of the Colvilles. Sir 
James Colville of Hilltown, heir of the house of Ochiltree 
by the house^ of Balberton, was near cousin to the Laird 
of Amot, and to this Lord Avondale. Sir James Hamilton 
of Eynart had married ..... Livingston, heiress of East 
Weemys, who likewise was near cousin to the Laird of 
Amot, which bond of consanguinity betwixt the three houses, 
in the minority of King James Y., drew on a Tripartit 
Ezcambion betwixt Stewart of Avondale, Colville of Ochiltree, 
and Hamilton of East Wemyss. This Hamilton got Avondale, 
OolviUe got East Wemyss, and the Lord Stewart got Ochil- 
tree. Andrew Stewart, third Lorc^ Avondale, and first Lord 
Ochiltree, had a younger brother begotten upon the Laird 
of Arnot's daughter, named Harrie Stewart, who, being a 
gallant youth, was beloved of Queen Margaret, relict of 
King James IV., after she had divorced from Archibald, 
Earl of Angus, and married her. By her procurement he 
was created Lord Methven by King James Y. His daughter 
of the second marriage (the Queen having no children) was 
Countess of Gowrie, mother of the Duchess of Lennox, 
Countess of Montrose, Lady Ogilvie, etc. The same Lord 
Avondale and Ochiltree had a younger son, named James 
Stewart, who was made Lord Down, in Menteath. His eldest 
son was James, Earl Murray (by marriage of Elizabeth, only 
daughter and heir to the good Regent killed at Dunibristle) 
second son of Lord St. Colm. 

NoTA. — This Henry Stewart, grandchild to the Laird of 
Amot, first Lord Methven, his daughter was Countess of 
Gowrie, who bare to him two sons — Alexander, the Earl, 
and Patrick, the Master of Gowrie, who died both at Perth, 
1560. She bare also to the said Earl eight daughters — (1) 
Duchess of Lennox; (2) Lady Athole ; (3) Countess of 
Montrose; (4) My Lady Colville of East Wemyss; (6) The 
Lady Lochinvar and Louden ; (6) Lady Coldinknowes, of 
whom the present Earl of Home is descended ; (7) Lady 
PittencrieS; (8) Lady Barbara, who died unmarried; oS 
which eight daughters the most eminent families of Scotland 
are de^oendedt 

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158 Appendix 

Woodmylne, from whom Balcormo descended^ 1509. 

Eobert Arnot, third son of John Amot of that HI^ and Catharine 
Melville, was a great courtier with King James IV., being 
Comptroller of Scotland and Captain of Stirling Castle. He 
acquired of his master, the King, the feu of the lands of 
Woodmylne, wherein he was infeft 1509, being kindly tenant 
long before. He married .... Balvaird, daughter to the 
good man of Glentarkie, in thankful requittal of the pre- 
servation of his life. For one day, as he rode from Amot 
to Woodmylne with two gentlemen, the Laird of Balwearie, 
with a number of armed men. beset his way, which he 
perceiving made show as if he intended to yield himself to 
them, alighting on foot before he came near, which Balwearie 
perceiving sent out four or five to take him alive ; but he, 
with the two gentlemen, immediately mounted on their horses, 
and putting them to the spur ere ever the enemy under- 
stood his meaning, escaped to the house of Glentarkie, and 
defended the entrie thereof with pole-axes tiU the county 
arising rescued him. For which kindness he himself married 
Glentarkie's eldest daughter, and moved the other two gentlemen 
with him to marry the other two younger sisters. This Robert 
Arnot of Woodmylne w^s killed at Flodden, 1513. Of him 
we find two sons — Robert Arnot of Woodmylne, his successor, 
and Peter, who married Helen Abercromby, and with her 
got the lands of Balcormo. Robert, his eldest son, is seized 
in Woodmylne, 1517. He had two sons — John Arnot of 
Woodmylne, and Andrew, tutor thereof. John Arnot died 
before himself. John, his son, was in his mother's belly 
at his father's death. He was infeft as heir to his grand- 
father, Robert, 1545. He married Christian Fairnie, daughter 
to Andrew Fairnie of that Ilk. John Arnot, his son, is 
seized in Woodmylne, 1607. John Arnot, his son, married 
N. Murray, daughter to David Murray of Kippo, sister to 
Andrew, first Lord Balvaird. He sold the lands of Wood- 
mylne to Sir John Arnot of Coldbrandspath, by title of 
purchase, of whom more is spoken in another place. 

John Arnot, his eldest son (who died before his father) 
married Marion Johnston, daughter to John Johnston, a 
famous clerk of the Privy Council and of the Bills, who 

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Appendix 169 

bare to him John Arnot of "Woodmylne, and Amot, 

spouse to John Hall, minister at Edinburgh. 

John Amot (1645) of Woodmylne, his son, married Eachell 
Jackson, daughter to John Jackson, baillie .of Edinburgh, 
who bare to him (1) John, who died young, sans issue; 
(2) James ; (3) William ; (4) John. James Arnot, his son, 

married Winram, daughter of Sir George Winram 

of Liberton, one of the Lords of Session. 


Andrew Arnot, younger son of Robert Arnot of Wood- 
mylne, second of that name, tutor to John Arnot of 

Woodmylne, his brother's son, married Fairnie, only 

daughter of the first marriage of Andrew Fairnie of that 

Ilk, and lawful heir to Fairnie of that Ilk, her 

brother german, his own issue falzieing. Eobert Arnot, his 
son, familiar servitor to King James YI., and Chamberlain 
of Fife, in right of his mother giving satisfaction to the 
heirs male, succeeded to the lands of Fairnie. He married 
Margaret Averie, ajias Cahoun, daughter to John Averie, 
alias Cahoun (a grandchild of the House of Luss) familiar 
servitor to King James VI. He had two daughters — (1) 
Barbara Arnot, Lady Lathrisk; (2) Margaret, Lady Bothwell- 
haugh; and four sons — (1) Sir Robert, who married the only 
heir of Michael, Lord Burghly, and succeeded his lordship ; 

(2) Sir James Amot of Fairnie; (3) Mr Harrie Arnot of^ 
Conland; (4) Mr Mungo Arnot, Captain of Foot in the Low 
Countries, who died unmarried. 

Sir James Amot of Fairnie, his son, married first Helen 
Richardson, daughter and co-heir of Robert Richardson of 
East Barns, which lands he got by her. She bare him (1) 
Sir Robert Arnot, who having married the eldest daughter 
of George Bruce of Carnock, and being Commander of a 
foot company in the expedition against the Rebels in Ireland, 
died at Carrickfergus 1642, without ifesue ; (2) Mr James; 

(3) John Arnot. 

James Arnot, his son, married Jean Balfour, youngest 
daughter to Robert, Lord Burghly. Mr Henry Arnot of 
Conland married Margaret Brown, elder daughter and co-heir 

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160 Appendix 

of Bobert Brown of Pitkenzie. He had two sons — (I) Bobert 
Arnot, a gallant young man, pitifully killed the night before 
the unhappy Battle of Dunbar; and (2) James Arnot. 

House q/ Arnot, BcUcormo, 

Peter Arnot, younger son of Bobert Arnot, first good man 
of Woodmylne, was laird of Baloormo. 

The Genealogy oj KepUdray. 

Andrew Arnot, Minister of Scotlandwell, younger son of 
David Arnot of that Ilk, purchased the lands of Kepildray. 
He married Isabel Spens, daughter to the Laird of Wolmes- 
ton, who bare him (1) David, the famous Doctor of Physic; 
(2) John, who both died unmarried ; (3) Margaret Arnot, 
spouse to Mr James Bruce of Newbum, brother's son to 
the Laird of Airth. (2) He married Janet Beaton, daughter 
to the Laird of Lathrisk, who bare George Arnot of 
Kepildray, Henry and Andrew, both unmarried, and Eupham, 

Lady Balmanno. George Arnot, his son, married 

Boswell, daughter to George Boswell of Bowhill, Parson of 
Auchterderran, who bare him Andrew Arnot of Kepildray, 
and Margaret Arnot, spouse to Captain William Paton. 

Nicolsons of Cockbu/mspath, 

133 George Street, 

Edinburgh, 27th April 1872. 
My Dear Sir Walter, 

Your two queries would almost involve a volume, 
. but I must curtail my tale. 

I am rich in Arnot's chief and branches. My best plan 
as to them will be to lend you my copy of the old MSS. 
which gives Golbrandspath for six generations. I have also 
a sketch of a ^^ pedigree," which is much more condensed. 

I have trees of all the different Nicolsons, and a distant 
male succession to Colbrandspath, which was the first branch 
of the chief called of Lasswade, the heir male of which was 
served heir male to the last of the original Colbrandspath 

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Appendix 161 

The third Marchioness of Lothian, Margaret Nicolson, was 
of that tribe both by father and mother, who tvas co-heir 
of Ca/rnock. 

I have searched out the different branches of the Nicol- 
sons, who are said to have begun as McNicols. They 
had three baronetcies. I am sorry I inadvertently put in 
Carnock, which has made a difficulty in the tree. 

Mrs Elliot was served heir to the lands, barony, and 
tenandrie of Oolbrandspath. The distant heir male got 
nothing. I suppose she and her husband sold to the Halls. 

I suppose this is what you wanted. 

Yours sincerely, 

Alex. Sinclaib. 

To Sir Walter Elliot, K.C.8.I., 

Dunbcurs of Oolbrandspath. 

30th April 1872. — Happening to look to-day about the 
Dunbars, I find a notice of Oolbrandspath, and I send it 
to you in case. 

Between 1400 and 1409, while George, Earl of March, 
was in England, his son and heir apparent, George Dunbar, 
held Oolbrandspath as manager of his father's estate. — [A. 

There is a figure of the Oolbrandspath Oross in the Proc. 
Antiq. Soc, Vol. ii., I think. 

The following Extract from Lithgow^s " Times Sorrowfull 

Disaster at Dunglasse,^^ Maidmenis reprint (T, G. 

Stevenson, 186S) gives a list of those who 

perished at the explosion at Dunglass, 

4nd now foUoweth the names of the most part of them 
that died at Dunglasse the penult of August 1640, so farre 
as possibly the Author could collect by serious instructions 
and diverse informations, both of the vulgars and better 
sort : — 

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162 AppcTidix 

Thomas, Earl of Haddington. 

Bobert Hamilton of Binny, his brother. 

Master Patrick Hamilton, his natural brother. 

Sir Alexander Hamilton of Lawfield. 

Sir John Hamilton of Kedhouse. 

Col. Erskine, son to John, late Earl of Mar. 

John Keith, son to George, late Earl Marshall. 

Sir Gideon Baillie of Lochend. 

Laird of Ingliston, elder. 

Laird of Gogar, elder. 

Alex. Moore, heritor of Skimmer. 

John Gate, Minister at Bunckle. 

Niniane Ohirnside in Aberladie. 

James Stirling, Lieut. 

Alex. Cunningham, Lieut. 

David Pringle Barbour, Chirurgeon. 

Bobert Falconer, Sergeant. 

George Vach, Haddington's Purveyor. 

John White, Plaisterer, an English man. 

William Syminton, Loohend's servant. 

George Neilson in Olhamstocks. 

James Cunningham in Hadington. 

John Manderstoun. 

Matthew Forrest. 

Patrick Batie. 

Alaster Drummond cdias Gundamore. 

John Campbell. 

John Edington. 

James Foord, John Amot's post boy. 

John Orre. 

Andrew Tillidaff. 

Andrew Braidie. 

John Keith, a child. 

Women. — Five. 

Margaret Arnot, daughter to the Postmaster at 

Marjorie Dickson, John Keith's servant. 
Marion Cairnecrosse. 
Aleison Gray. 

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Page 85. — Mr John Dallas: 

John Dallas of Primrosehill — who married first, Margaret 
Douglas, widow of James Colville of Primrosehill, portioner 
in Bunkle, and secondly, Margaret Yeaman, daughter of 
John Yeaman, portioner of Nungate, Haddington, widow of 
Alexander Lorain e, notary in Duns — was a son of Mr -John 
Dallas of Bud gate. Dean of Boss, the representative of a 
very old Nairnshire family. 

The writer, in conjunction with another gentleman, is 
presently working at an exhaustive account of the Dallas 
family, in which will be found a notice of this old 
Berwickshire gentleman. It may be here recorded that 
he was a writer in Edinburgh, and Bailie of Duns, an 
office which he probably secured through his cousin, George 
Dallas of St. Martins, Writer to the Signet, the famous 
author of the ** Styles," who was the law agent of, and 
connected by marriage with, the Cockburns of Langton 
and Cockburn. 

Page 95. — The Heritors^ Liferenters, and Rentallers 
in Preston and Blenearn. 

In 1 649, the following was the Rental of the Parish"* : — 

Valued Rent in 1649. 

Marquess of Douglas 

Laird of Blanerne"^ 

Ladie Billie^ 

Adam Trumble^ 

Alex. Pennie 

Jas. Renton's Relict*"' 

Jo. Renton 

James ColviIle*°* . . 

£ s. D. 

6431 5 8 

1633 10 


60 15 0^ 

20 5 

153 6 8 


248 10 


^ Rental in writer's possession. 
^^ Lumsdaines of Blanerne. 
«« Rentons of Billie. 
^ Turnbiilla of Ci:uixfield. 
*"° Rentons of Slighhonses. 
»o' Colvilles of Primrosehill, 

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164 Appendix 

The Earl of Douglas feued SlighhouseB in 1653 to Mar- 
garet Fennie, and her son, William Benton. This William 
Benton, as son and heir of James Benton, his father, gets 
Sasine*"* on 28th April 1675 on a Precept of Clare Constat, 
by James, Marquis of Douglas, dated 27th April 1675. 

James Benton, son of William, sold the lands to John 
Huttbn in 1713. Dr James Hutton, his son, the Geologist, 
was bom in 1726, and died in 1797. He was succeeded 
by his sister, Isabel Hutton, whose Trustees sold the lands 
to John Allan, tenant of Billiemains. 

In 1687, the following were the Vassals, Heritors, Farmerors, 
etc., rated to the Bailie Court.^°' 

**Boll of Vassals, Heretors, Farmerors, and other inhab- 
itants who are rated to this Court, 1687." 



Ester Brockells. 

West Crunnes (?) 



Ester Tumbull of Croofield. 


But the earliest list of Bentallers, etc. (or tenants) which 
I have been able to make up is from a Petition presented 
to the Marchioness of Douglas by *' Heritors, Elders, 
Bentallers, and Fermorers of the Barronie and united 
parishes of Bunkle and Preston " against Mr Ninian Home, 
Minister of Sprouston, from acting under a Commission 
granted in his favour by the Marchioness and others, as 
Tutors of the Duke of Douglas, under which Mr Home 
was having a caU moderated in favour of Mr Hart as his 
successor in the ministry at Preston and Bunkle, dated in 
September 1705.*®* The following names are attached to 
the petition : — 

*" General Register of Sasines. 

*'" Bunkle and' Preston Regality Books in Register ^Q^ae, ^•linbar^h, 

^" Petitiou in writer's possession, 

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Appendix 166 


John Dallas, Heretor. 
James Renton, Heretor. 
James Wilson, Heretor. 
James Colvill, Heretor. 
J. Cockburne, Elder. 
John Wilson, Elder. 
William Prouves, Elder. 
James FourdesfuU (?), Elder. 
James Spence, Elder. 
Robert Purves, Elder. 
David Murburn, Rentier. 
John Sanderson, Rentier. 
George Getgood, Rentier. 


J. Slighe, Rentier. 

James Wates, Rentaler. 

John Vie, Rentell. 

James Johnston, Rentier. 

John Sligh, Rentel. 

Henri Bread!. 

Thomas Craig, Rentlar. 

Johne Crosbie. 

James Gornes. 

John Hill. 

James Ewart. 

Archibald Carmicheall. 

Robert Rentone. 

David Lowrie, 

John Bell. 

Robert Whythead. 

Robert Whitehead, Younger. 

Robert Wood. 

William Foord. 

John Bookless. 

James Whithead. 

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166 Appendix 

Elizabeth Burgess. 
Samuel Dawson. 
George Craige. 
James Colvill. 
James Turnbull. 
Thomas Barlay. 
Wiallem College. 
Wiallaiam Purves. 
Thomas Aid. 
Jospeh Craige. 
Williame Purves. 
James Spens. 
Aame Slighe. 
John Aitchison. 
John Turnbull, Rentaller. 
Thomas Johnstone. 
Js. Cockburn. 
Archibald Sligh. 

The following were the Heritors in 1715: — 

Duke of Douglas. 

Lumsden of Innergellie, for lilanerne. 

Mr Ninian Home, Minister, for Billie. 

John Hutton, Merchant, Edinburgh, for Sleighhouses. 

Mr James Colville of Primroseliill. 

Geor^i^e Turnbull of Cruicksfield. 

Robert Ross. 

Alexander Fleming. 

John Renton. 

I also find later — 

"George Douglas, Heritor in Lintlaws, Sept. 1738." 

According to the Cess Roll of 1817, the Heritors were: — 

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23 8 


35 18, 


65 12 


Appendix 167 

Valuation. — £ s. d. Scots. 
1. — Lord Douglas, as proprietor of the 
following lands : — 

(1) Barony of Bunkle and Preston 3909 17 11 

(2) Hector TurnbuU's Eental Lands 75 

(3) Mr Colville's Three lands in 

Preston . . .. 88 10 

(4) Mr Colville*s Six Lands in, Preston 177 1 8 

(5) John Kenton's Temple Lands in 

Preston . . ... 17 14 2 

(6) Blackerston's Kirklands (Robert 

Johnston's of Hilltown) 

(7) Fosterlands, James Ferguson's 

(8) George Douglas, Interest in Lint- 

laws . . . . . . 

Total Eental of Lord Douglas . . 4893 4 7 
(The Hon. A. Douglas was pro- 
prietor in Roll of 1779.) 

2. — George Home of Wedderburn (formerly 
Patrick Home) for the Lands of 
Billie .. .. .. 541 8 H 

3. — John Ltjmsdaine of Lathallan, for 

Blenerne .. .. 991 13 4 

4. — John Dunlop, for 

(1) Cattleshiel's Interest .. 82 5 10 

(2) Aikman*s Interest in Fosterland 23 8 9 
5. — Miss Hutton (formerly Dr Hutton) 

for Sleighhouses . . 94 5 5 

6. — George Peat (formerly Mary Turnbull) 

for West Half of Cruicksfield 39 1 3 

7. — Robert Blackadder (formerly Alexander 
Blackadder) for East Half of 
Cruickfield . . . . 39 1 3 

8. — Dr Alexander Munro, for Preston- 
haugh (formerly Alexander and 
John Bogue) . . . . 28 2 6 

£6232 11 Oi 

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