1597 HISTORIC PROP^TY. Act 3313, 1-3 SAN FRANCISCO'S LAUREL HILL Tyw*^ Act 3313. Historical Buildings and Landmarks. [Stats. 1931, p. 320; Amended by Stats. 1933, p. 717.] An act relating to historical buildings and landmarks and to the acceptance thereof and the powers, duties and jurisdiction of the Department of Natural Resources in con- nection therewith. [Amended by Stats. 1933, p. 717.] 1. Application to have building or landmark registered. 2. Requirements for registration. 3. Register of buildings and landmarks. 1. Application to have building or landmark registered. Any person in- cluding the state of California or any political subdivision thereof owning or in possession of any building or landmark which may be of historical interest, or any person with the consent of such owner or person in possession, may apply to the director of the department of natural resources to have such building or landmark listed by the director as a registered state landmark. 2. Requirements for registration. The director may accept for registra- tion any historical building or landmark only in the event that the following conditions are complied with: (a) Whenever in the judgment of the director the building or landmark is of sufficient historical interest. (b) Whenever the applicant or applicants for registration of any historical building or landmark shall first arrange for the public to have free ingreas and egress to such building or landmark. (c) Whenever a proper monument is erected upon a landmark with a durable plaque affixed to the monument carrying an adequate description of the nature and history of such landmark. (d) Whenever a durable plaque bearing an adequate description of the nature and history of a historical building is affixed to such building. [Amended by Stats. 1933, p. 717.] 3. Register of buildings and landmarks. In the event that the director accepts for registration any building or landmark he shall list such building or landmark in a register kept for that purpose and shall either affix in a LAUREL HILL dHL THE GRAY EAGLE'S GRAVE After more than three-quarters of a century the ashes of Colonel Edward Dickinson Baker are *~ * * including eleven senators, upon the most revered of the Seven Hills of San Francisco. On Lone Mountain, the Laurel Hill Cemetery has long been known as Pioneer Memorial Park. It has been supported by trust funds for the per- manent care of the graves it contains, and by other endowments., In that open space in the midst of the crowded city, not far from the Presidio, with the great bridge that spans the Golden Gate plainly in sight, lie the remains of many of the makers of California. It was there that Thomas Starr King, with whom Colonel Baker shared the fame of saving the state for the Union, pronounced his glowing farewell to the man who had been Abraham Lincoln's friend. To visit that grave is an experience. Almost at the top of the ridge, with a widely sweeping view including the lofty towers of the bridge, is the large stone-walled circular plot. At the center there lies upon the turf a flat marble slab. From this rise six supports holding an inscribed marble "table" upon which are two large urns. The inscription reads: EDWARD DICKINSON BAKER Born in London, February 2, 1811 Killed while leading the forlorn hope at the Battle of Ball's Bluff, Va., October 21, 1861 At the time of his Death he was a Senator of the United States from the State of Oregon and, though holding an appointment as Major General, was acting as Colonel Commanding a Brigade of U. S. Forces Enlisted and Organized by Himself. Other graves thereabouts are more expensively marked, but none is more beautiful and satisfying. Just above it is the massive pyramid known as the Bourn Monument. Adjoining is the mausoleum for James G. Fair, modeled from the Sainte Chapelle in Paris. The monument for Senator Broderick, for whom Colonel Baker de- livered a funeral oration that California still remembers, is not far removed. Many plain old stones scattered about the wooded grounds carry the visitor "back East." From New England and the Middle West came many of the thousands buried here, founders of a city and an empire. Within this mounded circle one lingers to muse over the adven- turous life of the restless, generous, impulsive, friendly, bold and ambitious man for whom Abraham Lincoln named his second son. Brought to America as a child, he arrived in Illinois at the age of fifteen and was admitted to the bar while still too young for practice. Like Lincoln he served in the Black Hawk War. In Springfield he acquired his early reputation as an orator. When the Mexican War began, he raised a regiment of volunteers. Santa Anna's wooden leg, which his regiment is understood to have captured, is now pre- served in Springfield, Illinois. After serving two terms in Congress, Colonel Baker began a new career in California. His unusual gifts account for his popularity on the coast in the 1850's. With his bold face surrounded by fine white hair, they called him "the Gray Eagle." They did not like certain causes he championed, but the public could not resist his courage. When the killing of Broderick in the duel with Terry created a sensation said to have been second in California only to the assassination of Lincoln, Colonel Baker's oration made the name of that Democratic Senator a symbol of devotion to the Union cause. Oregon sent for him. He alone might defeat the Secessionist Senator, Joseph E. Lane, who would soon be nominated for the vice-presidency on the ticket with John C. Breckinridge. Colonel Baker did defeat him for the Senate and that victory mightily en- couraged the Union forces all the way down the coast. San Francisco^ remembers how, a few days before the election of 1860, he made his great speech for freedom, and Bret Harte grabbed a flag and led a parade through the streets. One likes to recall that on Inauguration Day in 1861, after Lincoln had taken the oath of office, it was "the Gray Eagle" who introduced to the multitude "the President of the United States." And there are the stories of the volunteers known as the Cali- fornia Regiment which Baker commanded in the Civil War. One tale is told of his riding a lathered horse from camp to reply in the Senate to a secession speech by Breckinridge. And that trustworthy correspondent, Charles Carleton Coffin, tells of the tears streaming down the face of the President when he stumbled away from Mc- Clellan's headquarters as the tidings came of the death of his old friend. They sealed his body in a metal casket and paid him high honors. From the Isthmus of Panama the steamship Golden Gate brought him back home to Lone Mountain. * * * * * Near the Golden Gate is Fort Baker, named for him. The national mili- tary cemetery in the Presidio is not far from Laurel Hill. Quite aside from his relations with Lincoln, few of the minor figures in our history are more deserving of being memorialized. F. LAURISTON BULLARD BOSTON, MASS. THE ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY Springfield, Illinois '".;.;::. : ^-::-:-;-f,;-::: :.; - > '. : ' : -:-: >: . ::;.:-' mm m BOLLOCK i I mat wvinr:iiirKii\sM n \KIIII Horn in LOIN! on Fi s b, 'J, |S|( <> m MMNMMI WILLIAM *3Q.V(BE CLAW 1807- ( MACOMDRAV R<38f RT PAUL HAST1WGS. BOHW 1W BE MflRCH DIED UM Sfl GCTOBEf? S IS 9O 1842 ACLEO 59 V6AR5 884 [Oct. THE FATE OF THE FARLEIGHS. A VERITABLE EPISODE IN THE CAREER OP AN " OLD CALIFORNIA^ " DOCTOR. IN 1849, near the middle of the year, I landed at Clarke's Point, in San Francisco, with high hopes and low- funds the lowest of funds, for the three round dollars I had just paid to the gentleman's son, with the classical education and the blue flannel shirt,, for pulling me and my chest ashore in his flat- bottomed dinghy, were all that were left of just ten times that many, with which I was ballasted when I launched at New York upon my El Do- radoward venture. " By all means do not encumber your- selves with luggage," urged our pruden- tial advices from the placers ; and I had obeyed the injunction with exemplary literalness ; for, as my sophomore wher- ryman tossed that imposing box ashore with a great clatter, he remembered his Virgil, whose Rari nantes in gurgite vasto exactly described the shovel, pick, and bowie-knife contributed by my brothers, and the shaving-case, ditty-box, dust- pouch and bible, remembered by my sisters, and now all adrift within the capacious hold of that clumsy galliot of a sea-chest. To get my baggage to the Parker House, I engaged the commer- cial editor of the Alta California, who was timeously on the wharf prospect- ing for items. He was paid with the chest, which, considering the price of fire-wood forty dollars a cord was as much hire as that editorial laborer was worthy of. In less than a week, I was wholly disencumbered of luggage, the spade having gone for one dinner, and the pick for another. I had slept three nights on my shaving-case, and was shaved with my bowie-knife in- stead. All that remained was a pilot- cloth pea-jacket, a pair of corduroy trowsers, and the bible, which, of course, was of no use to anybody but the owner. At the rate of twenty- four dollars a dozen for washing, and in view of the tenderness of my knuckles, to say nothing of some hereditary preju- dice against the laundry as an occupa- tion for a gentleman's son, I rejoiced when I had fairly got my last check shirt off my mind. All this time I had been looking about for something to do. My pro- fession, medicine, was an impossi- bility. I had brought no dispensary with me, and the last lot of quinine the panacea in those days for all the ills that Californian flesh was heir to had sold for four ounces (sixty-four dollars] an ounce at auction. By rea- son of rents one hundred dollars a month for a dog-house an office was not less visionary to me than a palace. Besides, my appetite was growing fear- fully, and my ditty-box was not good for soup. In those days, Old Califor- nians never darned or sewed buttons on ; counting the worth of time, it was cheaper to buy new clothes, of which there was a great glut in the market. Then the free sand-hill, where I had slept at first, was fierce with fleas. My skin was scarified ; between unsparing irritation and great loss of blood, my health was failing. My physician that's me strongly recommended a tent, a soft plank, and a Mackinaw blanket. So I must stop looking about for something to do, and set about doing something at once. To be sure, Smith, Jones, or Brown, would have been driving mules by this time, or 'tending bar, or peddling jack-knives for another man, or working on a lighter ; but the reader must remember that I was a gentleman's son % * ****** 'On a little table in the cor- ner lay the money I had paid him ; on the bed beside him, a letter envelope, "to David Farleigh, Honolulu, S. I., per barque Petrel," the vessel which brought rue over ; on the floor, just as they had fallen from his hand, which hung over the side of the bed, the halves of a check in the following strange form : " Washington Hall, San Francisco. > Sunday, February , 1850. \ " Messrs. Burgoyne & Co., Bankers. " Pay to David Farleigh, for and on account of Philip Farleigh (his child and mine), eleven thousand dollars (11,000). " LUCY MASON " The lost in her last hour." " LAUREL HILL REPRESENTATIVE MEN OF THE PACIFIC. 80 DELIVERED AT THE GRAVE IN LONE MOUNTAIN CEMETERY, SAN FRANCISCO, PREVIOUS TO THE INTERMENT OF COL. BAKER'S BODY. The story of our great friend's life has been eloquent- ly told. We have borne him now to the home of the dead, to the Cemetery which, after fit services of prayer, he devoted in a tender and thrilling speech, to its hallow- ed purposes. In that address, he said : " Within these grounds public reverence and gratitude shall build the tombs of warriors and statesmen * * * who have given all their lives and their best thoughts to their country." Could he forecast, seven years ago, any such fulfillment of those words as this hour reveals? He confessed the con- viction before he went into the battle which bereaved us, that his last hour was near. Could any slight shadow of his destiny have been thrown across his path, as he stood here when these grounds were dedicated, and looked over slopes unfurrowed then by the plowshare of death? His words were prophetic. Yes, warrior and states- man, wise in council, graceful and electric as few have been in speech, ardent and vigorous in debate, but nobler than for all these qualities by the devotion which promp- ted thee to give more than thy wisdom, more than thy energy and weight in the hall of senatorial discussion, more than the fervor of thy tongue and the fire of thy eagle eye in the great assemblies of the people even the blood of thy indomitable heart when thy country call- ed with a cry of peril, we receive thee with tears and pride. We find thee dearer than when thou earnest to speak to us in the full tide of life and vigor. Thy wounds through which thy life was poured are not " dumb mouths, " but eloquent with the intense and perpetual appeal of thy soul. We receive thee to "reverence and gratitude, " as we lay thee gently to thy sleep ; and we pledge to thee, not only a monument that shall hold thy name, but a memorial in the hearts of a grateful people, so long as the Pacific moans near thy resting-place, and a fame eminent among the heroes of the Republic so long as the mountains shall feed the Oregon ! 76 REPRESENTATIVE MEN OF THE PACIFIC. A few weeks after his election to the United States Senate, in 1860, Gen. Baker, while en route to Washington, addressed a very large mass meeting in San Francisco, convened under the auspices of the Republican State Central Committee. His speech on this occasion was re- garded by very many of his admirers as the greatest ef- fort of his. life, although delivered without preparation. It was reported in full, and extensively circulated as a campaign document. Near the close of the speech oc- curred this impassioned tribute to Freedom : "Here, then, long years ago, I took my stand by Freedom, and where in youth my feet were planted, there my manhood and my age shall march. And, for one, I am not ashamed of Freedom. I know her power ; I rejoice in her majesty ; I walk beneath her banner ; I glory in her strength. I have seen her again and again struck down on a hundred chosen fields of battle. I have seen her friends fly from her. I have seen her foes gather around her. I have seen them bind her to the stake. I have seen them give her ashes to the winds, regathering them again, that they might scatter them yet more widely. But when they turned to exult, I have seen her again meet them, face to face, "clad in complete steel, and brandishing in her strong right hand a flaming sword, red with insufferable light. And, therefore, I take courage. The people gather around her once more. The Genius of America will at last lead her sons to Freedom." HISTORY, ANECDOTES, REMINISCENCES BY OSCAR T. SHUCK, (" Scintilla Juris.") OF THE SAN FRANCISCO BAR. 1 People's Safety Valve Santa Niebla Was In Hart's Calendar Editor The Chronicle Sir: I knew a San Franciscan, born on the water front before the rail- road came through, who often spoke of Santa Niebla, Our Lady of the Fogs. He was the author, Jerome Hart, and here is what he wrote about San Francisco's fog: "There are Californians who waver in their allegiance to the climate of California, and at times the climate of San Francisco has made them cross. They may have thought . that the winds in sum- mer were too cold, that the fogs in summer were too thick. But whenever I have crossed the con- tinent when I have emerged from New York at 95 degrees, and entered Chicago at 100 degrees when I have been breathing the dust of alkali deserts and the fiery air of sagebrush plains these are the times when I have been buoyed up by the anticipa- tion of inhaling the salt air of San Francisco bay. If ever a wanderer is glad to get back to his native land, it is I, returning to my native fog . . . When I leave the heated capitals of other lands and get back to California uncooked, I always offer up a thank-offering to Santa Niebla, Our Lady of the Fogs. Out near the Presidio, where Don Joaquin de Arillaga, the old comandante, revisits the glimpses of the moon, clad in rusty armor, with his Spanish spindle-shanks thrust in- to tall leathern boots there some day I shall erect a chapel to Santa Niebla. And I have vowed to her as an ex - voto a silver fog horn, which horn will be wound by the winds of the broad Pacific, and will ceaselessly sound through the centuries the litany of Our Lady of the Fogs." HAROLD JOHNSON. San Francisco, Oct. 4, 1939. 834 - 18 S 6. "That Every Child in America Shall Have a Chance to Play" National Recreation Associati m 4v.jp* J^one Eleven United States Senators UNDER the most conspicuous monument in Laurel Hill lies the body of David C. Broderick, who was elected United States Senator from California in 1857. Tra- dition says that Broderick once worked as stone cutter on the Capitol where he afterward sat as legislator. In the life of this man who was a laborer's son, yet who climbed to the exalted position of United States Senator, there was written a story of achievement. He worked his way up unaided, until he became United States Senator from California. But his term in the Senate was not long. As a result of a quadrangular quarrel involving Broderick, Gwin, Terry, and Perley, the fates brought about a duel between Broderick and Terry in which Broderick fell. He was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery September 18, 1859. At Senator Broderick's funeral service, held in the plaza, Colonel E. D. Baker made one of his impassioned speeches. Broderick was his friend. He quoted Broderick's own words when he fell on the duelling field: "I die because I was opposed to a corrupt administration, and to the extension of slavery." Baker said his friend had fallen "tangled in the meshes of the code of honor." He dwelt upon the horrors of duelling. He said: "The code of honor is a delusion and a snare . . . The protest is written in indelible characters. It is written in the blood of Gilbert, in the blood of Ferguson, in the blood of Broderick." After Broderick's death Judge Terry was arrested by police officer I. W. Lees, who now also rests at Laurel Hill. The case was set for trial in Marin County; the witnesses' boat was de- layed on the trip across the bay and did not arrive at the hour set, and the case of the People against Judge David S. Terry for the killing of Senator David C. Broderick was dismissed. LONE MOUNTAIN Broderick left an estate appraised at a quarter of a million, largely the result of wise real estate investments. He was a single man with no near relatives, and as no will was found in California the Court appointed a special administrator. Subse- quently a will was produced in New York City, and for more than fifteen years the Broderick will case occupied the courts. Thomas H. Williams, Gregory Yale, and other attorneys now buried at Laurel Hill, were engaged in the controversy. Edward Dickinson Baker was born in England February 2, 1811. When he was five years old his parents came to Phila- delphia to make their home; they belonged to the Society of Friends. At seventeen Baker went to Illinois. At twenty-one he had fought in the Black Hawk War and obtained a Major's commission. Of himself he said: "My real forte is my power to command, to rule and lead men. I feel that I could lead men anywhere." But Baker's friends thought his special talent lay in his gift of oratory. In the political field Baker speedily came into prominence in Illinois as a leader of the Whigs. The proposed construction of a transcontinental railway was a project very dear to his heart. While he was in the United States Congress, representing the Springfield, Illinois, district, war with Mexico was declared. Without resigning his seat in Congress, he hastened back to Illinois, obtained a Colonel's commission, and raised a regiment which was accepted by President Polk and sent to the front. In the fighting near Mexico City, at the head of the 4th Illinois Regiment, he won distinction, and at the close of the war the State of Illinois presented him with a sword. In 1852 Baker came to California. Here he soon became known for his charm of speech as well as for his ability as a lawyer. One of his most famous addresses was that delivered on the completion of the Atlantic cable, September 27, 1858. "Thought has bridged the Atlantic," he said, "and cleaves its unfettered path across the sea." On May 30, 1854, Lone Mountain was dedicated as a ceme- tery, and Colonel E. D. Baker delivered the dedication address to the people of San Francisco. "In a tender and thrilling speech," said Rev. Thomas Starr King some seven years later, "Colonel Baker devoted this cemetery to its hallowed pur- poses." He dwelt upon the great fact of immortality, and said: "The truth peals like thunder in our ears tbou shalt live for- ELEVEN UNITED STATES SENATORS 3 ever!" The keynote of his theme was the idea that in this peace- ful spot the pioneers would rest forever. In 1 859, in California, Baker ran for the United States Senate, but was defeated. When he had been retained to defend Charles Cora, who shot United States Marshal Richardson, his closing argument so greatly impressed the jury in spite of the loudly voiced verdict of the press, that the homicide was murder that the jury were unable to agree upon a verdict. Two stood for acquittal, six for manslaughter, and only four for murder in the first degree. But before the date set for a second trial both Casey and Cora were taken from the jail by the Vigilance Committee, tried and convicted by them, and hanged. In the course of his speech before Judge Hager and the jury, Colonel Baker de- fended his stand in a tribute to the legal profession: "The profession to which we belong," he said, "is of all others, fearless of public opinion. It has ever stood up against the tyranny of monarchs on the one hand, and the tyranny of public opinion on the other; and if, as the humblest among them, it becomes me to instance myself, I may say with a bold heart, and I do say it with a bold heart, that there is not in all this world a wretch so humble, so guilty, so despairing, so torn with avenging furies, so pursued by the arm of the law, so hunted to cities of refuge, so fearful of life, so afraid of death there is no wretch so steeped in all the agonies of vice and crime, that I would not have a heart to listen to his cry, and a tongue to speak in his defense, though around his head all the wrath of public opinion should gather, and rage, and roar, and roll, as the ocean rolls around the rock. And if I ever forget, if I ever deny, that highest duty of my profession, may God palsy this arm and hush my voice forever." When Baker was defeated for the United States Senate in California he moved to Oregon, where he was at once elected to fill an unexpired term. En route to Washington he stopped over in San Francisco and delivered a political speech on October 26, 1860. "We are running a man now by the name of Lincoln," he said. "He is an honest, good, simple-minded, true man, who is a hero without knowing it. If he recommends a railroad and he will he won't twaddle about it." This pleased the people of California, for the Western States at that time were becoming more and more eager to obtain an appropriation from Congress for the completion of the proposed Pacific Railroad, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Coast. It was on the occasion of this political speech that Baker won loud and long applause when he uttered his oft-quoted words: "Long years ago, I took my 4 LONE MOUNTAIN stand by Freedom, and where in youth my feet were planted, there my manhood and my age shall march." The Civil War came on. Baker left his seat in the United States Senate, raised a regiment in Illinois, and went again to the front. In his first fight, at Bull's Bluff, Virginia, October 21, 1861, he fell. In 1861 the transcontinental telegraph had just been completed, and the melancholy news of Baker's death in Virginia was sent by telegraph to San Francisco. The message was read by Junius Brutus Booth, from the stage of the Ameri- can Theatre, and was received by the audience with a demon- stration of genuine grief. On the day of President Lincoln's inauguration at Washing- ton, in the east portico of the unfinished Capitol, it was Colonel E. D. Baker, then Senator from Oregon, who introduced Lincoln to the audience. A warm friendship existed between President Lincoln and Colonel Baker, and President Lincoln's second son, born in 1846, was named Edward Baker Lincoln. Colonel Baker had three brothers, who remained in Illinois. There was one sister, born in Philadelphia, who died in Saus- alito, California, at the age of seventy-three. She was the wife of Theodore Jerome, a California pioneer of 1849. Both are buried at Laurel Hill. Their son, Edward Baker Jerome, was for many years chief deputy collector of customs at San Francisco. He died in Oakland in 1902. Colonel Baker's son Alfred, a lieu- tenant and aide to his father at Ball's Bluff, was a clerk in the San Francisco Post-office for a number of years. He never married. Not far from the grave of Senator Baker stands the stately monument erected by Milton S. Latham, United States Senator from California. Elected Governor of California in the fall of 1859 ne serve d for five days only and then resigned to fill the office of United States Senator, left vacant by the death of Broderick. At the expiration of his three years' term in the United States Senate he went to London, where he interested men of capital in the establishment of the London and San Francisco Bank, of which he served as president for many years. California's first United States Senators were John C. Fre- mont, who drew the short term, and William M. Gwin, who served from 1850 to 1855 and was re-elected in 1857. William McKendree Gwin was born in Sumner County, Tennessee. He died in New York City, and was first buried at Laurel Hill. ELEVEN UNITED STATES SENATORS Prior to coming to California in 1849 ne lived for a time in New Orleans, where he was engaged in superintending the construc- tion of the new custom house. He was twice married; two daughters and a son survived him. At twenty-three he had taken a degree in medicine, and from that time throughout his long life as a politician he was generally called Dr. Gwin. In his later years he was also known as "Duke Gwin of Sonora," although his colonization plan, which had taken him twice to Mexico, and also to France to confer with Napoleon, was a failure. Dr. Gwin was one of the delegates to the Constitutional Con- vention which met at Monterey in September, 1849, to f ram e California's first Constitution. Only seven days after the convention had begun its delibera- tions, the article prohibiting slavery in the new state was adopted by unanimous vote. Earlier in the year in Sacramento, San Jose, San Francisco, and even in the mining districts, anti- slavery meetings had been held by the pioneers with the end in view of instructing their representatives to the Provisional Gov- ernment Convention to oppose any incipient act that tends to promote the introduction of negro slavery into the Territory of California. The anti-slavery meetings in San Francisco had been pre- sided over by Capt. Joseph L. Folsom and William S. Clark, and the proceedings were reported in the Alta California (March22, 1849) ^7 Edward Gilbert. The graves of these three men are also at Laurel Hill. James A. McDougall was elected United States Senator from California by a combination of Republicans and Douglas Demo- crats. He had a natural bent for engineering and his first work as a boy was to help in the survey of the railroad between Albany and Schenectady, but he soon turned his attention to the study of law. During ten years spent in law practice in Illinois he became the warm friend of Colonel E. D. Baker. They w^ere associated in the trial of Charles Cora, who killed United States Marshal William H. Richardson November 17, 1855. Soon after the discovery of gold McDougall brought his family to California. October 7, 1850, he was elected attorney- general of the State; in 1852 he was elected a member of the lower house of Congress, where he was able to urge the construe- 6 LONE MOUNTAIN tion of a Pacific railroad with the practical knowledge of en- gineering he had acquired as a boy. In San Francisco the McDougall family resided at 40 South Park. McDougall's law partners were Solomon A. Sharp and Reuben H. Lloyd. On the day of Colonel Baker's funeral at Laurel Hill Cemetery, Decem- ber ii, 1861, Senator McDougall delivered an address in the Senate Chamber on the subject of his friend's accomplishments and untimely death. He said of Baker: "He was an orator . . . he was a leader ... he loved fame, glory, honorable renown. He thirsted for it with an ardent thirst, as did Cicero and Caesar." At the expiration of his term in the Senate, March 4, 1867, it was General McDougall's intention to return to California and take up his law practice again on the Pacific Coast; but he died while visiting at the home of his sister, Mrs. Campbell, in Albany, New York, September 3, 1867. His death, wrote his friend Oscar Shuck, "was hastened by his indulgence in the bowl . . . " A letter written to a friend in San Francisco by Senator Cor- nelius Cole, who attended Senator McDougall's funeral in Albany, explains why McDougall was buried at Lone Mountain Cemetery in San Francisco. Albany, September 6, 1867. . . .. Senator McDougall died at the house where he was brought up. I saw him there two weeks ago and he was then prostrate and did not know me at first. He took me for the doctor . . . Mrs. McDougall says it was his wish often expressed to be buried at Lone Mountain where he provided a family vault in which to rest the remains of an only son. Only a few days before, he had alluded often to his poor boy as sleeping alone on the distant Pacific shore . . . On Sunday afternoon, May 24, 1868, funeral services for Senator James A. McDougall were held at Grace Church, San Francisco. "The attendance at the church was large," said the Morning Call of Tuesday, "proving that time and absence had not weakened the respect, esteem and memory of the friends and acquaintances of the talented and noble-hearted departed. He was buried under the auspices of Mt. Moriah Lodge of Masons, of which order he was an old and high-ranking mem- ber ..." In the family vault at Laurel Hill all that was mortal of Senator James A. McDougall was laid to rest beside the ELEVEN UNITED STATES SENATORS 7 casket of his little son, James A. McDougall, Jr., who died April 26, 1855, at two years of age. A white marble tomb at Laurel Hill marks the resting place of Aaron Augustus Sargent. A California pioneer of '49, he first engaged in mining; later served as district attorney, and took an active part in the formation of the Republican party. Elected United States Senator in 1871, he labored for California for many years. He had been a representative in the House in 1861 and in 1868; he once wrote a history of the bar of Nevada County; in 1882 he was appointed minister to Germany. Aaron M.Sargent, son of the late George Clark Sargent, is his grandson. General John F. Miller, born in Indiana in 1831, was a Cali- fornia pioneer of '53, and was elected United States Senator from California in 1881. He served in the Union Army from 1861 to 1865. He was collector of the port in San Francisco for four years, and president of the Alaska Commercial Company. He was first buried at Laurel Hill, but when his daughter, wife of Rear-Admiral Richardson Clover, went to reside in Wash- ington, D. C., his body was moved from Laurel Hill to Arlington National Cemetery. His monument still stands at Laurel Hill. One of the United States Senators from Nevada, whose home was in California for many years, was Senator John Percival Jones. He arrived at San Francisco by way of Cape Horn in 1850. On the bark Eureka he made the entire trip from his home in Cleveland, Ohio, to California, through the Great Lakes, the Welland Canal, down the St. Lawrence River, across the At- lantic, around Cape Horn and up the Pacific Coast to San Fran- cisco Bay. He served in the California State Legislature from 1863 to 1867. He was elected United States Senator from Ne- vada in 1873 and was re-elected in 1879. He was born in En- gland; he was twice married. Mrs. Frederick MacMonnies, wife of the sculptor, and Mrs. Robert Farquhar are his daughters. He died November 27, 1912, and his ashes were placed in the costly vault of Colfax marble which he had erected in Lone Mountain Cemetery some fifty years before his death. The ashes of William Morris Stewart, another United States Senator from Nevada, were also brought to Laurel Hill Ceme- tery for burial in his family plot. His boyhood was spent in help- ing to clear his father's farm in Ohio, but his education was not neglected. He entered Yale, and remained in college until the gold rush brought him to California. He arrived in San Fran- LONE MOUNTAIN cisco by way of Panama, in May, 1850, and after digging for gold for a time he began the study of law. He was first elected United States Senator in 1864, and was re-elected in 1869, in 1886, in 1892, and in 1898. Oscar T. Shuck was his law clerk during the period when he was one of the leading operators on the Comstock and was also investing largely in San Francisco real estate. Of his printed argument in the Sharon will case Oscar Shuck said: "It reads like a novel and is well worth per- using, not only for the argument, but for its humorous and racy style." William M. Stewart was one of the original trustees of Stan- ford University, named in the founding grant November n, 1885; he resigned in 1904. His daughter, Bessie, married Richard C. Hooker, lieutenant in the United States Navy. Their infant son, who died in 1878, is buried in the family plot at Laurel Hill. On resigning from the Navy, Hooker became a stockbroker. It may not be said that Steuart Street in San Francisco was named for Senator Stewart. There was a William M. Stewart (also spelled Steuart) who came to California on the Ohio; made a trip to the mines with Walter Col ton; was a mem- ber of the ayuntamiento in 1849-50, and served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention at Monterey in September, 1849. It was f r h* m tnat Steuart Street was named. A massive table-tomb at Laurel Hill marks the grave of William Sharon, who was born in Ohio and died in San Fran- cisco. He was generally spoken of as a Californian although he was United States Senator from Nevada from 1875 to I 88i. William C. Ralston, who was born January n, 1826, and died August 27, 1875, was associated with Sharon in many enter- prises. In 1864 he organized the Bank of California, of which he remained president until the day of its failure and of his tragic death. Of Ralston, Bancroft wrote: "Pity, sympathy and grati- tude took him tenderly and laid him gently in Lone Mountain." The Bank of California was reorganized by D. O. Mills and Sharon, with the help of some forty other capitalists. Sharon took over the Ralston properties, and at Ralston's spacious country estate at Belmont Senator Sharon gave a reception for General Grant and his party in 1878 that has become historic in the annals of the state. A daughter of William Sharon married United States Senator Francis G. Newlands. She died in 1883 and was buried at Cal- ELEVEN UNITED STATES SENATORS V vary Cemetery by her mother's side. Newlands was one of the executors of William Sharon's will, and before the distribution of the estate Park Commissioner Pixley went to Newlands and asked Newlands to arrange for $25,000 from Senator Sharon's estate to be turned over to the park commissioners for the estab- lishment and maintenance of a children's playground in Golden Gate Park. After considerable urging the matter was arranged, and the Argonaut, edited by Jerome A. Hart, in frequent edi- torials about the children's playground repeatedly gave credit to the Sharon estate for its munificent gift to the children of San Francisco. Similar to Senator Sharon's table-tomb at Laurel Hill, is the monument which was erected at Arlington in memory of Major Pierre Charles L'Enfant, the gifted French engineer who came to America with Lafayette to join the American Army at the time of the Revolutionary War. There is no authentic portrait of him in existence, and he left no descendants; but his map remains, out of which has grown the capital city "city of mag- nificent distances" planned by him more than a hundred and thirty years ago. L'Enfant was first employed by President Washington, each time the seat of the Federal Government was moved, to remodel a building for governmental use; and, finally, when Congress decided to build a city on the Potomac, it was L'Enfant who drew the plan envisioned the city of Washing- ton as it stands today. He died forgotten and for nearly a century his grave remained unmarked. But his dream was realized. The city grew to fit his plan, and today the grave of L'Enfant is marked by a splendid monument at Arlington Na- tional Cemetery. James G. Fair was born in the north of Ireland of Scotch parents. He was known as the highly successful superintendent of the Ophir mine, the Hale & Norcross, and the still larger Consolidated Virginia and California mining properties. He was chosen in 1880 United States Senator from Nevada to succeed William Sharon. He served six years, until March 4, 1887, and returned to San Francisco, where he lived at the Lick House until his death. For many years the Fair estate was in litigation. One of the points at issue was to determine the validity of the trust clause contained in his will. It was decided by the presiding judge, Charles W. Slack, to be invalid. This decision on appeal was set aside; but on a rehearing the Supreme Court reversed 10 LONE MOUNTAIN its decision and sustained the decision of Judge Slack. Under this decree the estate was distributed to the heirs, thus in- validating the trust, in accordance with Judge Slack's original ruling. In addition to large holdings of real estate and mining prop- erties, there were railroads to be handled, and thousands of tons of wheat, and the involved affairs of the estate of James G. Fair dragged through the courts for many years. As Fair had suc- ceeded William Sharon in the senatorship, so the litigation in connection with his estate followed the Sharon estate cases in the California courts. Senator Fair was first buried at Laurel Hill. His beautiful mausoleum, crowning a hilltop, in the rich- ness of its ornamentation, in height and design, recalls that gem of mediaeval Gothic architecture, the Sainte Chapelle of the Palace of Justice in Paris. II United States Army and Navy Officers and Volunteers THERE are many veterans of the Mexican War, of the Civil War, and of the War with Spain, whose graves are in the Lone Mountain cemeteries some with individual monuments like Colonel E. D. Baker, Judge Timothy H. Rear- den, Captain Joseph L. Folsom, William S. Clark, R. C. Rogers, Richard Realf, and Colonel Cremony. Others, and all the un- known soldier dead, are remembered by the tall shaft in the Grand Army plot near the foot of Lone Mountain, erected "To the Memory of California's Patriot Dead." Their last long sleep is epitomized in the brief inscription on their monument: "Mustered Out." U. S. A. CAPT. JOSEPH L. FOLSOM DIED JULY 19, 1855 AGED 38 YEARS Captain Folsom's large plot, Number 101, on Greenwood Ave- nue, stands in the name of Gustavus Decatur Folsom, who was his young nephew. The history of the Folsom family is recorded at length by Reverend Nathaniel S. Folsom of Boston in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, beginning with John Folsom, who came from England to America in 1638, and located in New Hampshire. Passing over the intervening generations, and the story of their service in the Revolutionary War, Captain Folsom's father, Abraham, died while his sons were still young. Joseph was sent to West Point, where he gradu- ated in 1840 and went at once to Florida to serve in the Semi- nole War. He was promoted to the grade of Captain, and in March, 1847, arrived at San Francisco as quartermaster with 12 LONE MOUNTAIN Colonel Stevenson's Regiment. He became chief of the quarter- master's department on the North Pacific Coast, and also was made collector of the port of San Francisco. He had faith in the future of San Francisco, and made investments in town lots. Later he acquired the estate of William A. Leidesdorff, and be- came a wealthy man. Folsom Street was named for him. At Mission San Jose Captain Folsom died at the age of thirty- eight years and two months. He was a bachelor, and rumor at the time said he was engaged to a Senator's daughter. For years she mourned his loss and never married. Captain Folsom's biographers have said that "in manner he exhibited a slight for- mality through the influence of his military education," and that "he was a man of stainless character, and irreproachable integrity." EDWARD GILBERT 1819 - 1852 Edward Gilbert, printer and writer, came to San Francisco in March, 1847, on the Loo Cboo, with Colonel Stevenson's Regi- ment, Company H, of the New York Volunteers. For a year or more he acted as Collector Joseph L. Folsom's deputy. He made a census of San Francisco, and in January, 1849, became the first editor of the Alta California. He was a delegate to the Con- stitutional Convention which met at Monterey in September, 1849, an d i n November of the same year he was elected the first United States Congressman from California. In a duel near Sacramento he was killed by General James W. Denver whom he had challenged. Buried first at Yerba Buena Cemetery, he was removed May 2, 1863, to the plot of the Typographical Union in Laurel Hill Cemetery. IN THE YEAR 1847 ~ AT CLARK/S POINT - ON YERBA BUENA COVE WHERE BROADWAY CROSSES BATTERY - THE PILES FOR THE FIRST WHARF IN SAN FRANCISCO BAY WERE DRIVEN BY WILLIAM S.CLARK William S. Clark, whose forebears served in the Continental Congress and fought in the Colonial Wars and the Revolution, was born on the Pennsylvania-Maryland frontier, October 3, 1807. Ever a frontiersman, the opening of the year 1846 found him on the Kansas River outpost preparing for his trek to the Pacific Coast. There he assisted the Indian Commissioners in ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 13 their negotiations with the Kaw Indian tribes for their title to lands on the Kaw and Kansas Rivers. He smoked the pipe of peace with Chief White Plume (Nom-pa-wa-rah). In negotiating the terms for his tribe, the old Chief stipulated that the annuity should continue "so long as the Kansas River flows and grass grows on its banks/' The treaty was signed January 14, 1846, by which several million acres were ceded to the United States. On May 10, 1846, William S. Clark left Independence, Mis- souri, with an ox-team in advance of the wagon train bound for the Pacific Coast. He crossed the alkali plains and climbed over the Sierras before winter set in, arriving at San Francisco, then called Yerba Buena, in October, 1846. The town was then under military governorship, and on his arrival William S. Clark vol- unteered for military duty. His wagon was commandeered by Captain Fremont's men for transporting heavy guns. As num- ber 69 of the volunteer company, under commanding officer Ward Marston of the marines, he was summoned to report at the Yerba Buena Marine Barracks. With the mounted volun- teers he rode down the peninsula in the Santa Clara Campaign. This was the last engagement between the Spanish-Californians and Americans in Northern California before the treaty with Mexico was signed. John Henry Brown, in his "Reminiscences" (The Grabhorn Press, 1933)5 tells about the explosion of a heavy coffee pot with a loud report, which brought out the volunteers in force. He says: "William S. Clark came from Clark's Point to the Bar- racks, which, owing to the roughness of the roads, was con- sidered a pretty good walk." Captain Hull, hearing the explo- sion, ordered his men to beat the long roll. When the volunteers responded he ordered them to form in line and be prepared for attack. He sent out marines as scouts, and signaled the men on the ship to be ready to land if called upon. When Captain Hull discovered the cause of the explosion, which had seemed to him like the firing of an enemy's gun, he promptly turned to his company, thanked them profusely, and formally discharged them from further duty. This was the last call to arms in Yerba Buena. "When I reached Sutter's Fort," wrote Pioneer Clark, in a pencilled manuscript that is now faded and worn but still de- cipherable, "I was not sufficiently rested from my long journey to join the recruits for San Juan; so I sold my oxen to Captain 14 LONE MOUNTAIN Sutter and embarked on a launch bound down the Sacramento River to the town of Yerba Buena, on the Bay of San Francisco. This was in October, 1 846. "I landed on the point of rocks at the northern end of Yerba Buena Cove. This was the only landing place at low tide. There was another landing place further south, but on account of the mud it was accessible only at high tide. The point of rocks at which I landed was at about the intersection of Broadway and Battery streets. Soon afterward I purchased this land from the authorities and built on it a warehouse. This location is known as Clark's Point, and is so marked on the official maps. As soon as I secured title to the land I began the construction of a wharf at the foot of Broadway street. At this time the port was under the command of Captain Montgomery who commanded the sloop of war Portsmouth. He brought his instruments ashore and ran the line of Montgomery Street, which was named after him. The plaza was named Portsmouth Square after his vessel. Our alcalde, or mayor, was Washington A. Bartlett, an officer aboard this man-of-war lying in the harbor. "The day after I landed at the Point I was overhauled by the Provost Marshal, the country being under martial law. He ex- amined my effects. Everything being found satisfactory he placed me on the muster roll and I was required to do military duty. I did not enlist in the United States service as many of the emigrants did, but I volunteered to do guard duty and to take my place in the ranks when called upon. I thus retained my liberty for business enterprises. Not having regularly enlisted I was not entitled to pay for my services. "My first enterprise was to locate lots favorable for com- mercial business. Selecting the place at the point of rocks where I first landed, afterwards called for me Clark's Point, I pro- ceeded to build myself a cabin, making use of such materials as were readily obtainable. I used some adobe, with pieces of lum- ber and sods, and tacked up bullock skins on the outside to pre- vent the winter rains from washing it down. I was occasionally called off from my work to join a scouting party when there was danger of an attack from the enemy, but had no particular en- gagement until later in the season. "One night the explosion of a coffee pot, with a loud noise, brought out the marines. The long roll was beaten and the sleep- ing volunteers, thinking the enemy had made an attack, turned ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 15 out with their guns, and lined up at the barracks, ready for action. The sloop of war at anchor in the bay, by signals, let it be known that she was prepared to land a party of bluejackets. However, nothing took place, and we all returned to our beds considerably disappointed that there was no fighting. Whenever shots were heard in the night the guard at the barracks would give the alarm, and the volunteers belonging to the military company would hasten out armed and equipped, ready for battle. At the slightest warning sound the cry would go out 'The greasers are coming/ and the United States volunteers, armed with their Kentucky rifles, were ready to repulse the enemy's attacking force. In those days we slept on our guns and were prepared to defend our country." The Story of the Battle of Santa Clara as told by William S. Clark who was One oj the Volunteers In December, 1846, the Spanish-Californians had become so insolent that the butchers could not furnish us with beef, which was our principal food. Beef being cut off, we were fast coming to the point of starvation. Our alcalde, Washington A. Bartlett, a naval officer who was conversant with the Spanish language, on learning of the difficulty, proposed to go out himself and get what beef cattle was required. He took with him six men to drive the cattle in. Upon arriving at Francisco Sanchez's rancho, near the place now called Millbrae, he had no difficulty in negotiating for the desired beef cattle, but at the moment of mounting their horses to return with their herd, Alcalde Bart- lett and his men were surrounded by a party of armed Spanish- Californians, and ordered to dismount and surrender. Our men, being without arms, were forced to submit. They were marched into the foothills to a place in the Coast Range at the head of the San Francisquito Creek, where the Spanish-Californians were encamped about four hundred strong. At Yerba Buena we waited impatiently for our party's return. Ten days elapsed before we heard of them, when news came of their capture. Commander Joseph B. Hull, of the United States sloop of war Warren, had succeeded Captain Montgomery of the United States sloop of war Portsmouth in command at San Francisco. His quarters were on shore. Commander Hull at 16 LONE MOUNTAIN once ordered ten artillery men from his ship with a two-pounder, which was mounted on a hand cart, and thirty marines from the Marine Barracks at Yerba Buena, to be put under command of officer of the marines Captain Ward Marston, to join Captain Weber's party in pursuit of the Spaniards. Commander Hull called on the citizens of Yerba Buena for volunteers, sixteen of whom joined the party. We volunteers furnished our own arms and ammunition, for the government had none to supply us with. Our whole force now numbered one hundred. The next day we received marching orders from our commander to pro- ceed against the Spanish-Californians' camp and release Alcalde Bartlett and his men. Our appearance was not very imposing as a war-like party. Captain Weber's company was composed of old men and boys with their Kentucky rifles. They led. The marines and artillery followed in government equipment, the volunteers bringing up the rear. The first night we camped at the Sanchez rancho (now Millbrae) where we found plenty of beef cattle. The next day's march brought us to a little valley at the foot of the mountains about three miles from the camp of the Spanish-Californians. They broke camp as soon as they were warned of our approach. This was New Year's day, Janu- ary i, 1847. We followed in full pursuit. We overtook the enemy at ten o'clock the next day about six miles from Santa Clara Mission, where the fight began. This was January 2, 1847. The Spanish-Californians fought desperately for a time, their force far outnumbering ours. Notwithstanding their num- bers, however, they were intimidated by our advance and soon began to fall back. They rallied again before reaching the Mission, hoping to prevent us from securing shelter there. Here we had a sharp encounter but we soon succeeded in reaching the Mission walls when the firing ceased, for night was upon us. The Spanish-Californians withdrew to the westward about two miles, and made camp. That night I was on picket guard, sta- tioned far out in the direction of the enemy's camp. I heard a horseman approaching. On his coming closer I discovered that he was waving a white flag of truce. I marched him to our commander's quarters. He brought a message from Sanchez asking for a suspension of hostilities for a few days. In reply, Commander Marston sent a message back that he, with his in- terpreter, would meet Commander Sanchez at an elevated point about half way between the two camps. At this interview our ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 17 commander peremptorily demanded a surrender of all their arms, munitions and prisoners, and demanded that their com- mander should go with us to Yerba Buena, and there sign an agreement not to take up arms again during the war now pend- ing between Mexico and the United States. This agreement was signed. The surrender was conducted in the following man- ner: Our forces, one hundred in number, were formed in line, the cannon placed in the center with a small United States flag waving over it. The hostile forces, numbering about four hundred, were marched up in double column in front of the cannon and filed off on each side and dismounted. Emigrant wagons drawn by oxen started from each end, and passed in front of the line. The Spanish-Californians' arms were received by the proper officer and placed in our wagons. The prisoners were now passed over into our line, headed by Alcalde Bartlett, amid shouts and cheers. The arms were sent to the Embarca- dero of San Jose (now called Alviso) and were shipped on a man-of-war launch to Yerba Buena. The horses and men were liberated. Captain Weber returned to San Jose with his men. The marines and the artillerymen went to the Embarcadero of San Jose and returned to Yerba Buena by water. We volun- teers returned by land with our Alcalde and his men. Sanchez returned with us. Before leaving the Mission of Santa Clara we supplied our- selves with beef and bread and tea, as we had to camp out one night. All of these provisions we lashed on pack horses that were driven ahead with our loose horses. Darkness came on as we approached the locality now called Belmont. Unexpectedly we fell in with a band of wild horses that snorted and took fright at our approach. Their fright was communicated to our pack horses and before we could secure them they joined the stampede band pack-horses, meat, bread, and tea, all dis- appearing from our hungry gaze into the darkness. We turned up the canyon a few hundred yards where we found plenty of water and there under the noble oak trees we made camp for the night, destitute of provisions, but still a laughing, merry, victorious party. Early the next morning we broke camp and at San Mateo we breakfasted on fresh beef slaughtered for the occasion. Upon our arrival at the Marine Barracks at Yerba Buena we were received with great rejoicing. With military 18 LONE MOUNTAIN music the band from the vessel welcomed the return of our Alcalde. The Story of the First Wharf in San Francisco Bay as told by William S. Clark Yerba Buena in 1847 began to assume some life. Early in that year under Alcalde Bartlett the town took the name of the Bay San Francisco. Yerba Buena had been originally named under the following circumstances: There lived in the locality a widow named Juana Briones, who gathered herbs on Tele- graph Hill from which she concocted a very palatable tea. The local territorial officers in making their periodical excursions to the Embarcadero always partook freely of this delicious bever- age yerba buena^ or "good herb" tea. Hence the name Yerba Buena was given to the locality. I was firmly convinced that California at the end of the war would be ceded to the United States, hence I saw the import- ance of the site of San Francisco. Its location on the bay made it superior to all the other towns on the Coast as a commercial point. Therefore I proceeded at once to make permanent im- provements. I first looked around for building materials, as I desired to construct a warehouse and a wharf. There were no materials at hand hence I was obliged to cross the bay to a stretch of timber land lying north of Angel Island on the main- land. There I cut down trees and prepared the lumber and piles necessary for such structures. I was occupied for about two months on this work in the redwoods. I succeeded in en- gaging a launch from General Sutter to convey the lumber to Clark's Point at the foot of Broadway Street, and there I im- mediately began the construction of my warehouse. After the land was surveyed I was able to obtain legal title by securing an alcalde grant to the lot at Clark's Point, where I had already built my cabin and was living. In the construction of my wharf a great difficulty presented itself. I had no pile driver, and no suitable material was at hand out of which to make one. No pile driver had ever been used in the vicinity of San Francisco Bay before this date. But neces- sity being the mother of invention and circumstances favoring my plans, I found on visiting a whale ship anchored at Sausalito ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 19 on the opposite side of the bay that it was ballasted with pig- iron. I got some blocks of this pig-iron, and binding the pieces together with iron straps, I made a hammer of about twelve hundred pounds weight, which answered the purpose of a pile driver. As for machinery, my raising apparatus was a gin or windlass power worked by two men. This windlass I obtained from the salvage of a wrecked vessel; I paid one hundred dollars for it. My assistants, a carpenter and a blacksmith, had never before seen a pile driver in operation; hence some difficulty was encountered in getting it in proper working order. With this crude machinery and with the assistance of these rough work- men, I proceeded with the construction of my wharf to the extent of one hundred and fifty feet. It was the first wharf built on piles on the Pacific Coast north of Panama. Before the wharf had been planked and finished the brig Belfast from New York, loaded with merchandise, DeWitt and Harrison, owners, hauled up alongside and discharged her cargo; this was the first vessel docked at a wharf in the harbor of San Francisco. The weekly Calif ornian of September 23, 1848, under the heading "Marine Intelligence, Port of San Francisco", an- nounced: ARRIVED Sept. 22nd, brig Belfast, (Jorden) 163 days from New York. In an editorial paragraph September 30, 1848, the weekly Calif ornian announced: An era in the history of California has occurred since our last publication, which we lose no time in placing upon record. The event to which we allude is no less than the appearance of a square rigged vessel, the brig Belfast from New York, at the wharf at the foot of Broadway, actually fast to and lying peaceably alongside the said wharf, the like of which we believe that vener- ated individual "the oldest inhabitant" has no recollection of ever beholding before in San Francisco, or even in any part of the Territory. We have been credibly informed that as soon as the Belfast was seen lying at the wharf, foot of Broadway, and discharging her cargo, goods fell 25 per cent and real estate rose 50 to 100 per cent. 20 LONE MOUNTAIN When Pioneer Clark began his work on the shore of San Fran- cisco Bay there was no piled ship-wharf on the whole Pacific Coast north of Panama. That enormous body of water, the Bay of San Francisco, lay idle, unvexed by man. An occasional Indian craft ventured to cross from the "Contra Costa shore/' as the Spaniards called it, to the peninsula tip where lay the primitive boat-landing of Yerba Buena. Standing on the rocky point which jutted out into the bay Pioneer Clark looked south to another point Rincon Point across the tidal marsh. There was little sign of life before him, save for the gulls that flew across the cove. That was all most men saw the vast bay, the uninhabited islands, the encircling mountains, the lesser bays into which great rivers ran, the flapping sea-birds with their raucous cries. Yet Pioneer Clark had vision, he saw more. He saw a city rising out of the sea of mud, towering into the sea of mist and fog. He saw great fleets of ships replacing the Indians' craft. He saw scores of wharves and docks lining the great bay, where other men saw only mud and sea gulls. He had slowly crossed by covered wagon the wide continent, on the eastern side of which he was born. He had traversed it from north to south, from the Great Lakes to the Gulf. And now he had crossed it from east to west. He could go no further under the American flag, and he stopped at this point of rocks his point Clark's Point for he bought it from the government and other men gave it his name. <fbe Wharf at Clark's Point described by Artists and Writers Toward the end of 1848, an English artist, William Redmond Ryan, in search of adventure under balmy skies, arrived in California by way of Panama. After spending the early part of the winter in the vicinity of Monterey he took passage on a brig bound for San Francisco, and thus described his landing at Clark's Point: "The landing place appeared to have been constructed less for the convenience of foot-passengers than to afford facilities for the disembarkation of luggage and goods from on board the vessels, for which purpose it stretches out a great distance into the water, being a kind of platform upheld by ponderous wooden ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 21 pillars. On landing I had to clamber up a steep hill, on the top of which and opposite to where I stood, was a large wooden house, two stones high, and scarcely half finished. In the rear of this rose another and a steeper hill, whose slopes were covered with a multitude of tents. To my right ran a sort of steep, or precipice, defended by sundry pieces of cannon, which com- manded the entrance to the harbor. I next came to the Point, and crossing it, found myself within the town." This description of Telegraph Hill is unmistakable and the sundry pieces of cannon spoken of are the five guns which were brought ashore a few days after the American flag had been raised over Yerba Buena. With the help of sailors from his ship, Lieutenant Misroon had leveled off a narrow terrace on the steep bluff north of Clark's Point, and there he placed the guns, pointing out toward the bay whence hostile ships might approach to attack the town. It was this imposing battery of guns which gave the name to Battery Street. To an Englishman the construction of a wharf on piles run- ning out into the bay was a somewhat novel idea. The English seem to favor docks indented into the shore line, while Ameri- cans build wharves running out into the water. An American would never have thought of describing a wharf built on piles as "a platform upheld by ponderous wooden pillars." In July, 1849, San Francisco Bay was full of ships. Five hundred square-rigged vessels lay in the harbor, wrote a con- temporaneous scribe; and there was but one wharf, the Broad- way wharf, to accommodate this fleet. An artist sent by the London 'Times to report the gold dis- covery in California, was impressed by the vastness of San Francisco Bay. "A channel five miles long," he said, "bearing the pompous name of the Golden Gate, forms the entrance to the Bay of San Francisco. At its extremity is San Francisco, facing, not a harbor or a lake, but a Mediterranean in miniature. The Bay of San Francisco will easily contain all the fleets of the world. The town is built upon a hill, the houses reaching nearly to its summit. You land without difficulty upon a pier at the foot of the old Spanish fort." Here again an artist speaks of landing at the Broadway wharf built by William S. Clark. This was the only wharf, or pier, at that time. The battery of guns on the bluff overlooking Clark's Point, to an artist's eye, assumed the dimensions of a fort. 22 LONE MOUNTAIN One of the narratives concerning early California which at- tracted much attention in its day was "El Dorado," by Bayard Taylor, then a clever young writer on the New York Tribune. On June 28, 1849, Bayard Taylor, with notebook and pencil, left New York by steamer, bound for the Pacific Coast, and fifty-one days thereafter, he says, he arrived at the anchorage in Yerba Buena Cove. Thus he describes the appearance of the San Francisco water- front on August 1 8, 1849, wnen he left his steamer, the Panama, in one of the boats of the United States ship Ohio, in company with Lieutenant Edward F. Beale: "The Ohio's boat put us ashore at the northern point of the anchorage at the foot of a steep bank, from which a high pier had been built into the bay. A large vessel lay at the end, discharging her cargo. We scrambled up through piles of luggage. The barren side of the hill before us was covered with tents and canvas houses, and nearly in front a large two-story building displayed the sign: 'Fremont Family Hotel'." The high pier at the foot of the steep bank up which Bayard Taylor scrambled was the Broadway wharf at Clark's Point. His companion, Lieutenant Edward F. Beale, U. S. N., was sub- sequently surveyor general and for many years a resident of California. For him Beale Street, near the water front, was named. The rare old lithograph entitled "The Port of San Francisco June ist 1849," showing the wharf at Clark's Point, is from an original drawing by George H. Baker, made for the New York Tribune, and published in that paper's issue of August 28, 1849. About two hundred vessels were then detained in port, their crews having left for the mines. When William S. Clark began driving piles for his wharf at Clark's Point on the water front of San Francisco, there was no other wharf on the California Coast. There were no piles on which to lay its beams. There were no timbers out of which to construct its floors. There was no pile driver with which to drive its piles. So Pioneer Clark crossed the bay, felled great trees for his piles, sawed logs into lumber for his floors, and floated all this material to Clark's Point. He built a pile driver out of the trees he had sawed into lumber, and out of ballast pig-iron he fashioned a mighty hammer. And his wharf went on. His ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 23 wharf was the first structure in San Francisco Bay, and it was builded out of trees that grew on its own shores. Not long after Pioneer Clark had begun to build his wharf other men began to talk of bridging the bay. Cities were going up on both sides of it. The talk went on for three-quarters of a century. Finally the first bridge was built across the southern bay. It has been followed by others, until in 1937 there are five bridges, including the colossal span across the Golden Gate. During the first five months after the opening of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, on November 12, 1936, over three and a half million vehicles crossed it. The tolls have amounted to more than four hundred thousand dollars a month. There is no pedestrian way over this bridge. The thirty-five million-dollar Golden Gate Bridge, on the other hand, has been provided with two sidewalks, each ten and a half feet wide, one on either side of the sixty-foot roadway for vehicles. Following naval maneuvers in Pacific waters, a huge fleet of United States vessels entered the Golden Gate to be in San Francisco Bay for the opening of this gigantic span on May 27, The appearance in San Francisco harbor of the United States battleship fleet is a sight that no one who has seen it can ever forget. The advent of the fleet is announced by flights of air- planes. Following the airplanes usually come the fast destroyers and dispatch boats. Then the majestic battleships enter the port in single file. They preserve their specified intervals as they round the city's shore line and as each one approaches its berth in man-of-war row it leaves the line and takes its position. After the battleships follow the cruisers, the destroyers, the submar- ines, the airplane carriers, the hospital ships. The air overhead is full of airplanes. This great procession is conducted in silence, for salutes between the ships and the forts on shore are sus- pended by order. It is early in the morning when the first air- plane roars over the Golden Gate, and late in the afternoon when the last ship has taken her place in man-of-war row. As the whaleboats and the clipper ships were the forerunners of these leviathans of the sea, so was the little wharf at Clark's Point in 1847 the predecessor, the pioneer, of these gigantic engineering feats, the colossal bridges that span San Francisco Bay today. 24 LONE MOUNTAIN In 1847, William S. Clark was also the active member of San Francisco's first town council in the matter of building a school house. The contract was let to Daniel Stark, a house builder, for $851. Additional items such as painting, hauling, and build- ing a chimney, brought up the total cost to $1,1 17.60, according to the entries in the Town Journal. At a meeting of the town council William S. Clark made a motion that $400 be appropri- ated toward the teacher's salary. And thus the school was launched. For a few weeks it prospered; then it was suddenly suspended when the general hegira to the mines began. Even the weekly newspapers suspended publication while editors, printers, subscribers, readers, the school master, and the town councilmen, all rushed off to the mines. General William T. Sherman, in his "Memoirs" (volume I, page 80), tells about making an inspection trip to the gold mines with Colonel Mason in the summer of 1848. He says: "Clark of Clark's Point was there ... I remember that Mr. Clark was in camp talking to Colonel Mason about matters and things generally, when he inquired, 'Governor, what business has Sam Brannan to collect the tithes here?' " This question of Clark's put an end to the collection of tithes from the miners by the head of the Mormon Church. William S. Clark was one of the founders of Calvary Presby- terian Church in San Francisco, and for many years a trustee. Clark Street, near the water front, was named for him. He died November 16, 1889, and lies buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery with his wife, Alice Ann, and son, William Squire Clark. William S. Clark and William A. Leidesdorff were the only members of the first elected town council who were buried in San Francisco. William A. Leidesdorff, for whom Leidesdorff Street was named, served as treasurer, and kept the Town Journal in his own handwriting. A facsimile reproduction of this old account book was recently published by Albert Dressier. In 1845, Leidesdorff was appointed by Thomas O. Larkin vice- consul of the United States, stationed at Yerba Buena. Leides- dorff died suddenly of brain fever May 18, 1848, at thirty-eight years of age. After an imposing funeral he was buried at Mis- sion Dolores. His grave is underneath the church floor, with many other graves, unmarked. Many of San Francisco's earlier Great lie peacefully and there seems to be no thought of disturbing them in Mission ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 25 Dolores churchyard. On a massive shaft there, the visitor reads this inscription: AQUI YACEN LOS RESTOS DEL CAPITAN DON LUIS ANTONIO ARGUELLO PRIMER GOBERNADOR DEL ALTA CALIFORNIA BAJO EL GOBIERNO MEJICANO NAOIO EN SAN FRANCISCO EL 21 DE JUNIO 1784 Y MURIO EN EL MISMO LUGAR EL 27 DE MARZO 1830 Don Luis Antonio Arguello, California's Governor from 1822 to 1825, under the Mexican government, was for twenty-four years comandante of San Francisco. The words of the inscrip- tion on his monument at Mission Dolores are in Spanish: "Here lies the body of Captain Don Luis Antonio Arguello, First Gov- ernor of Upper California under the Mexican government; born in San Francisco the 2ist of June 1784, and died in the same place the 27th of March 1830." His wife Rafaela was a daughter of acting comandante Hermenegildo Sal. His sister, the beau- tiful Dona Concepcion, was born about 1790, and died in the Dominican Convent at Benicia, whither she retired on hearing that her lover Count von Rezanof, the Russian, envoy of the mighty Czar, was dead. The story of her sad life will live in Bret Harte's poem; few San Franciscans can ever forget it. These children of Don Jose Arguello, for whom Arguello Boule- vard was named, were among the many white children born in San Francisco before the conquest of the California territory by the United States. Thomas O. Larkin, most prominent among the American merchants on the Pacific Coast in 1844, was appointed United States Consul for California, and was later appointed by the President naval agent for the northwest coast of America. He was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, September 16, 1802; he sailed from Boston for the California coast by way of the Sandwich Islands, arriving at the port of San Francisco in April, 1832. He went at once to Monterey, where he remained until after the conquest. As it seemed impossible at that time for a 26 LONE MOUNTAIN Protestant marriage to be celebrated ashore, he was married on board a vessel under the American flag. Larkin was energetic, faithful, and tactful in the discharge of his duties and in his social relations. He did much to maintain friendly relations with the Spanish-Californians, whose allegiance to the American flag he was convinced could be won without bloodshed. In September, 1 849, Thomas O. Larkin served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and the following year with his family went east for a long visit. He returned to California after three years' absence and took up his residence in San Francisco. He died October 27, 1854, and was buried first at Lone Mountain. Larkin Street was named for him. His son, Alfred O. Larkin, died January 21, 1917. One of the large, old-fashioned, fenced plots at Laurel Hill, with flowers and rare plants and many quaint old marble head- stones, stands in the name of Colonel Jonathan Drake Steven- son, who was born in New York City January i, 1800, and died in San Francisco February 14, 1894. He was twice married. Stevenson Street was named for him. By President Polk he was given command of a volunteer regiment, which he raised him- self, for service in California, and in three transports the regi- ment arrived in San Francisco Bay in March, 1847. Many of the men who came out with Stevenson's Regiment became prominent citizens; several were delegates to the Constitutional Convention at Monterey in September, 1849. Among these was William E. Shannon, who made the motion in the convention that Neither slavery, nor involuntary servitude, unless for the pun- ishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in this State. This section was adopted by the unanimous vote of all the delegates. Robert C. Rogers, whose ashes were brought to Lone Moun- tain, was a midshipman in the United States Navy in his youth. During the Mexican War he was captured at Vera Cruz and sent to Mexico City, where he was sentenced to be hanged as a spy. He made his escape, and eventually came to California. From 1878 to 1880 he was president of the Bohemian Club. "My Wife" is the only inscription on the white marble sar- cophagus in his family plot. Imanuel Charles Christian Russ, who was born March 10, 1785, and died June 4, 1857, was founder of the Russ House on Montgomery Street, and of the Russ Gardens on Sixth and Harrison streets, a favorite resort of the pioneers. He came to ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS AND VOLUNTEERS 27 California on the Loo Choo with Colonel Stevenson's Regiment, bringing his wife and nine children. His sons became prominent members of the Society of California Pioneers. Captain David Scannell, chief of the San Francisco Fire De- partment, came to California to remain, in 1850. He was cap- tain of a New York company in the War with Mexico, and took part in many engagements from the Rio Grande to Mexico City. He was sheriff of San Francisco when the Vigilantes went to the j ail and demanded the surrender of Casey and Cora. His resting place is at Laurel Hill among his comrades. Richard Realf (1834 - 1878) was a poet of rare genius, who fell, according to his last poem, "with the word 'failure' written on his brow." His best known poem, "De Mortuis Nil Nisi Bonum," was said to have been written on the night of his suicide. At the time of his death he was employed at the San Francisco Mint as a laborer, pending his application for a clerk- ship. Realf had served through the Civil War, part of the time on the staff of General John F. Miller, and he was buried with military honors in the Grand Army plot of Odd Fellows Ceme- tery. For more than fifty years a headstone marked his grave. In the plot adjoining Richard RealPs, stood the monument of John C. Cremony (1815 - 1879), Major of the California Vol- unteer Cavalry organized in 1863. After the Civil War, Major Cremony made his home in San Francisco. In 1868 his resi- dence was at 747 Harrison Street. He was a charter member of the Bohemian Club, and was well known as a contributor to the early volumes of the Overland Monthly. His "Life Among the Apaches," published in San Francisco in 1868, is an authori- tative work on the southwest tribes of Indians. Cremony was an Indian fighter, and at times he used to tell some tall stories. Once, in telling of his escape from a group of bad Indians, he said he had to swim a stream. He hastily shed all his clothes, dropped them on the bank, and took to the water. He struck out with strong strokes, and soon reached the other side. But as he climbed up on the bank he found himself confronted by another hostile redskin. "And do you know what I did?" he asked. "I drew my sword, and stabbed him to the heart!" "But, Colonel," said Uncle George Bromley, "where did you draw your sword from?" Colonel Cremony did not hesitate an instant. "Bromley," he replied, severely, "no one but a damn fool would ask that question." 28 LONE MOUNTAIN I'be air is chill and the hour grows late, And the clouds come in through the Golden Gate, Freighted with sorrow y chilled with woe; But these shapes that cluster, dark and low, 'Tomorrow shall be all aglow. In the blaze of the coming morn the mists Whose weight my heart in vain resists, Will brighten and shine and soar to Heaven In thin, white robes, like souls forgiven; For Heaven is kind, and everything, As well as a Winter, has a Spring. EDWARD POLLOCK SUNSET BY THE GOLDEN GATE Dark turned the land line 'twixt the sea and sky; Gorgeous cloud banners, trailing from on high Drooped o'er the mottled waters, far below, While sunk the sun, majestic, solemn, slow. Down from the zenith dropped the veil of night, Jewelled with stars, gemmed by the Northern Light. Up from the nadir crept the evening gray; Pale grew the waters of the peaceful bay. Belted like Saturn, girt with bands of gray, The sun sunk ever, while the dying day Quivered, then perished, and the fading light Kissed Terba Buena kissed the isle "good-night." JEROME A. HART Ill The Final Decree FINAL DECREE is the laconic inscription on the massive tombstone of Silas W. Sanderson (1824 - 1886), Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of California and subse- quently chief counselor of the Southern Pacific Company for many years. Sibyl Sanderson was his eldest daughter. Born in Sacramento, California, in 1865, she studied with La Grange and Massenet in Paris, and made a successful debut at the Opera-Comique in 1889; ten years later she sang at the Metro- politan Opera House in New York. Judge Sanderson was Chief Justice of California from 1864 to 1866. Following him John Currey (1814- 1912), a pioneer of forty-nine, was Chief Justice for the next two years. The names of four well-known families appear on four plots at Laurel Hill, making a quadrangle: Scott, Cheesman, Decker, Currey. All are related. Judge Currey's wife was a daughter of Matthew Scott, who died in Japan. His monument was erected "by authority of His Imperial Japanese Majesty to commemorate the high respect and esteem in which Matthew Scott was held by the Imperial Government and the appreciation of his valu- able services to the Customs Department of Hiogo, from 1872 to 1879." MATTHEW SCOTT BORN IN CHAZY, CLINTON COUNTY, NEW YORK FEBRUARY 6, 1 822 DIED IN HIOGO, JAPAN, NOVEMBER 15, 1879 Judge Lorenzo Sawyer (1820-1891) followed Judge John Currey as Chief Justice for the next two years. Born on a farm in New York State, he crossed the plains to California in 1850, was Justice of the Supreme Court of California in 1863, and in 1870 was appointed by President Grant Judge of the United States Circuit Court. When Governor Stanford laid the corner- 30 LONE MOUNTAIN stone of Stanford University at Palo Alto, May 14, 1887, Judge Sawyer, as president of the board of trustees, delivered the address. On the front of his stately marble vault at Laurel Hill are the words, "Born at LeRay, New York . . . " It should be "LeRoy." His son Houghton Sawyer was an architect in San Francisco. Following Lorenzo Sawyer, Augustus L. Rhodes of Santa Clara County, who died October 23, 1918, past ninety years of age, was Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court from January I, 1870, to January i, 1872. The massive tombstone of G. Frank Smith, who died in 1891, stands near Judge Sawyer's vault. A daughter, Mrs. Leroy Harvey, resided in San Francisco; another daughter, Mrs. Char- lemagne Tower, widow of the former ambassador to Russia, re- sided for many years in Philadelphia, making frequent visits to California with her son or her grandchildren. James McMillan Shafter was one of the trustees named in the founding grant of Stanford University, November 1 1, 1885. As judge of the Superior Court of San Francisco, in 1889-1890, he rendered the final judgment in the Sharon case. Oscar Lovell Shafter, who died in Florence, Italy, in 1873, was n ^ s brother. Both were prominent in law and politics in California's early days. The old Shafter residence, with gardens surrounded by cypress trees, on Russian Hill, has long been a landmark. Judge Shafter was born in Vermont, May 27, 1816; he died in San Francisco, August 29, 1892, and was buried at Laurel Hill. Near the Shafter family plot is a large plot numbered 1540, on Woodland Avenue and Violet Path, which was purchased in early days by Henry H. Haight, tenth Governor of California. There sleeps his father, Fletcher M. Haight, for whom Haight Street was named. For a number of years after his arrival in California in 1854, Fletcher M. Haight practiced law in San Francisco with his son. He was subsequently appointed United States District Judge for the Southern District of California. He was born in 1799, and died February 25, 1866. The plot at Laurel Hill now stands in the names of Samuel Knight and Cameron H. King. Henry Huntly Haight was born at Rochester, New York, May 25, 1825, graduated from Yale, came to California in 1850, and engaged in the practice of law until the year of his nomina- tion for Governor. He was elected in 1867 as a War Democrat. THE FINAL DECREE 31 During his administration California was a supporter of Presi- dent Andrew Johnson, rather than of Congress. The bill under which the University of California was established was signed by Governor Haight on March 23, 1868, and the College of Cali- fornia then became the State University, located at Berkeley. Governor Haight was one of the founders of Calvary Presby- terian Church in San Francisco, but later transferred his mem- bership to the Presbyterian Church in Oakland. He died in Oakland September 2, 1878. His son, Louis M. Haight, a gradu- ate of Yale and of the Cooper Medical College, practiced medi- cine in Stockton, California. Governor Frederick F. Low preceded Governor Haight. He was elected on the Union ticket. For more than twenty-five years his residence was at the corner of Sutter and Gough streets, until his death in 1894. When Peter Burnett, first Governor of California, resigned from his office on January 9, 1851, John McDougal became governor for the unexpired term. Born in Ohio, in 1818, son of Hon. John McDougal, member of the Ohio Legislature, young John McDougal had served in the Black Hawk War and in the War with Mexico, and came to the gold mines of California in 1 849. From Sutter County he was elected a delegate to the Con- stitutional Convention, which sat at Monterey. He took an active part in the debates on the question of California's bound- ary. He was a fine-looking man, invariably appearing in a ruffled shirt-front. He died March 30, 1866, and was buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery in the plot of his brother David McDougal (afterward Rear-Admiral, United States Navy), on Jessamine Path. There is no monument to mark his grave. Commodore David McDougal arrived in San Francisco on the Golden Age, March 9, 1865, to take command of the Com- anche, which was built at the Union Iron Works. HALL MCALLISTER LEADER OF THE CALIFORNIA BAR LEARNED ABLE ELOQUENT A FEARLESS ADVOCATE A COURTEOUS FOE This inscription appears on the base of the bronze statue of Hall McAllister, by Robert Aitken. It stands at the McAllister 32 LONE MOUNTAIN Street entrance to the City Hall in San Francisco's Civic Center. Hall McAllister came to California in June, 1849. McAllister Street was named for him. His headstone stands in the center of his large family plot at Laurel Hill Cemetery; his father's grave is also there: HALL MCALLISTER BORN AT SAVANNAH, FEBRUARY 9, 1 826 DIED AT ROSS, CALIFORNIA, DECEMBER I, 1 888 M. HALL MCALLISTER 1800-1865 FIRST JUDGE OF THE U. S. CIRCUIT COURT FOR CALIFORNIA Headstones also mark the graves of other members of their family, notably Cutler McAllister (1832-1879), and his son Julian McAllister (1858-1880). The descendants of Julian McAllister (1823- 1887), U. S. A., brother of Cutler, live in New York City. Another son of Judge Matthew Hall McAllister who attained distinction in his own way was Ward McAllister of New York who coined the term the "Four Hundred," to indi- cate Society. A new headstone in this plot, where lie representatives of four generations, marks the resting place of a grandson's ashes: DR. HENRY FRANCIS WAGNER MAY 14, 1896 - OCTOBER 24, 1927 IN SERVICE OF HUMANITY In the plot adjoining the greensward of the McAllister family towers a slender shaft which marks the grave of Thomas H. Williams of the old law firm Williams & Bixler. The ashes of Thomas H. Williams, Jr., who died November 15, 1915, are there. Hon. Sherrod Williams of Kentucky; Sherrod Williams who was born at Coloma, and names of members of their fami- lies may be seen on smaller headstones. Among the notable names at Lone Mountain of men who served as representatives in the United States Congress, there is Hon. Aaron Harlan, who died January 8, 1868, in his sixty- sixth year. The name Harlan is cut in the coping which sur- rounds plot 1683, where he rests beside his wife Amanda (1820 - 1868). THE FINAL DECREE 33 Thomas Bowles Shannon, born in Pennsylvania, September 21, 1821, was a Representative in Congress from California from 1863 to 1865. He was surveyor at the Port of San Francisco from 1865 to 1869; after serving in the State Assembly, he be- came collector of customs at San Francisco in 1872, which office he held for eight years. He died February 21, 1897, and was buried in Masonic Cemetery. The large corner plot of Colonel Joseph P. Hoge, who died August 14, 1 89 1 ^ at eighty years of age, is located on the hill near Dr. Elias S. Cooper's tall monument. It is numbered on the map, 943. Colonel Hoge's sister married a brother of Samuel M. Wilson. Three years before his death, Colonel Hoge was elected on the Democratic ticket a judge of the Superior Court of San Francisco, but he continued to be known as "Colonel." His daughter Pauline married Delphin M. Delmas, who died at Santa Monica in 1928, eighty-four years of age. Attorney Alexander P. L. Crittenden (1816-1870), who drafted many of the statutes passed at the first session of the California State Legislature, was buried at Laurel Hill. The story of his tragic death appeared in a semi-historical novel en- titled "The Golconda Bonanza." Born in Kentucky, a graduate of West Point Military Academy, Crittenden came to California in 1849. After practicing law at Los Angeles, San Jose, and other places, he came from Virginia City to San Francisco in 1866, and formed a partnership with Samuel M. Wilson. The firm of Wilson & Crittenden continued until Crittenden's death. He was shot on an Oakland ferry boat by Laura D. Fair. Mrs. Fair was defended by Elisha Cook (1823 1871), who is also buried at Laurel Hill. Harry Byrne was the district attorney who prosecuted the case. She was convicted of murder and sen- tenced to be hanged; but the Supreme Court reversed the judg- ment and ordered a new trial. Byrne died soon after the expiration of his fourth term as district attorney, on March i, 1872, when forty-eight years of age. At the new trial Laura D. Fair was acquitted on the ground of insanity. Judge Selden S. Wright (March 7, 1822 - February 26, 1893), came to San Francisco in 1860. For four years he served as pro- bate judge, and before him the celebrated case of the will of Horace Hawes was tried. Both men are buried at Laurel Hill. Horace Hawes (1813-1871) was the author of the Consolida- 34 LONE MOUNTAIN tion Act, which kept San Francisco out of debt for some forty years. He drew an elaborate will establishing a "Chamber of Industry." But his will was broken, and his large estate was distributed in accordance with the provisions of the California Code for the succession of estates of those who die intestate. Beside Horace Hawes at Laurel Hill lies his wife Caroline (1823 - 1895). In the same plot a monument marks the grave of Alfred Robinson (1807 - 1895); his wife was one of the de la Guerra family of Santa Barbara. James Robinson, their son, married the daughter of Horace Hawes. Alfred Robinson came to California from Massachusetts, in 1829; his "Life in Cali- fornia" is an interesting narrative of life here before the annexa- tion of California to the United States. His eldest daughter, Anna M. Robinson, died in San Francisco February n, 1860, when twenty-two years of age. She was buried in a crypt be- neath the altar of Old St. Mary's Church. Three tombs are there. Frederick Palmer Tracy (1815 - 1860) arrived in San Fran- cisco August 1 8, 1849, on the same steamer with Judge John Currey (1814 - 1912) and Annis Merrill (1810 - 1905). He was city attorney of San Francisco from 1857 to 1859. He had stumped the state for his party, and then went East to attend Lincoln's inauguration, where he died. His funeral services were held at Platt's Hall, and he was buried at Lone Mountain, where his friends erected a monument. Robert Paul Hastings, who was born at Benicia, March 21, 1855, and died in San Francisco, October 5, 1890, was a son of S. Clinton Hastings, who founded Hastings College of the Law, and was Chief Justice from December 22, 1849, to January i, 1852. Robert P. Hastings was the husband of Mamie Coghill, who died in England. She was famous for her beauty. Her mother married Reverend John Hemphill, D.D., who died at Los Gatos. Representatives of three generations rest in the family plot at Laurel Hill, which stands in the name of Mrs. Lizzie Coghill. Samuel Cowles (1823-1880) was one of the prominent law- yers of the early days whose deed to his cemetery plot was re- corded in the city's archives. In the "Index to Books of Deeds" it appears: "Laurel Hill to Samuel Cowles, recorded January 13, 1871." On the modest headstone of his son-in-law Judge Timothy H. Rearden (1839 ~ 1892) one reads simply the words THE FINAL DECREE 35 "34th Ohio Infantry." Judge Rearden will be remembered in San Francisco as a contributor to Bret Harte's Overland Monthly . "Life's Fevered Day Declines" is one of his poems, which is often quoted. A deed from Lone Mountain Cemetery to William S. Clark, dated May 4, 1858, was recorded in Liber 77 of Deeds, page 211. These deeds conveyed title which the City of San Francisco is bound to respect. In 1869 a deed was recorded from Laurel Hill to R. H. Lloyd. No names appear inscribed on the massive stone which covers the Lloyd plot, Number 2500, in the shape of a cross extended on the ground. Reuben H. Lloyd (1836 - 1909) was a prominent Mason and a distinguished attorney. He never held any public office. He never married, and lived nearly all his life in his old home on Folsom Street, near Sixth. As a boy he entered the law offices of Solomon A. Sharp, and James A. McDougall, who afterward became United States Senator from California. For many years Solomon A. Sharp and his family resided at the corner of Clay and Jones streets, where his son, Sol A. Sharp, Jr., was born. The magnificent view of the bay and Contra Costa shore is still unintercepted by buildings, and this property now belongs to the William Pierce Johnson estate. The deed for plot 1867 was recorded May i, 1872: "Laurel Hill to Lewis Pierce and Henry Pierce." On this plot was placed a shaft bearing the names of Henry Pierce, Lewis Pierce, William Pierce, and Ira Pierce. William Pierce Johnson, who was born July 27, 1859, and died in Paris, August 24, 1926, was a member of this family. The most conspicuous monument in Laurel Hill Cemetery is probably the tall shaft which marks the grave of Senator David C. Broderick. The most grandiose monument is Senator Fair's miniature reproduction of the Gothic Sainte Chapelle. The most imposing monument at Laurel Hill is that of the William B. Bourn family. It stands on a hill, looking toward the ocean; at its base descends a sheer cliff an ancient quarry. From this point you can see the ships come in from far out at sea. The monument is a pyramid that form which in Egypt has for centuries defied the sand storms sweeping from the 36 LONE MOUNTAIN Libyan desert, and which has even more successfully defied the vandal hand of man. The most laconic epitaph at Laurel Hill is that inscribed on Judge Sanderson's massive tomb : SILAS W. SANDERSON FINAL DECREE In the winter of 1850, when the city had no money, a pesti- lence came upon San Francisco. As there were no public hospi- tals at that time San Francisco made a contract with one, Peter Smith, to care for her sick poor at the rate of four dollars per day, per person, and she paid Dr. Smith in scrip. When the contract amounted to $64,431 Peter Smith presented a bill. But the city did not pay the bill, and there were attempts to repudiate the debt. Then Peter Smith brought suit against the city and got judgment; he levied execution. "Execution," says the old legal maxim, "is the fruit of the judgment and the end of the law- ing." But the execution which Peter Smith levied on San Fran- cisco turned out to be only the beginning of the lawing. The sheriff duly advertised the sale of San Francisco's beach and water lots. The sale took place, but the contempt expressed by the city for Peter Smith's execution sale was so frank and open that prices under the sale ruled extremely low, and Peter Smith did not get satisfaction for his judgment. In short, the City of San Francisco cheated him out of his just dues. But the City of San Francisco also cheated herself. The whirligig of time brings its just revenges. The cheated Peter passed away. Years rolled by, and the Peter Smith title slowly filtered through the courts. At last the highest courts held that the Peter Smith title was good. San Francisco paid dearly for her attempt to defraud. The speculators with "slugs," the gamblers with their "little fliers" won, and for more than half a century the real estate titles of San Francisco were clouded by the claims of Peter Smith. Long after Peter Smith was reposing in his grave his ghost still haunted the corridors of the San Francisco courts and squeaked and gibbered through San Francisco's streets. IV Writers and Artists WHEN Charles Rollo Peters of the magic moonlight brush interred his wife in the old cemetery at Mon- terey, he had Newton Tharp design a noble sepulcher, and he carved upon it certain beautifully appropriate verses written by one of our San Francisco poets, Louis Alexander Robertson. The author of "Ataxia" thought deeply on death. It is fitting that his sonnet on Lone Mountain should be given here: I'bou cross-crowned bit!, to which I often turn, Although no dead of mine lie slumbering there ', I watch the western skies behind thee burn, And my pale lips are parted with a prayer^ ill resignation drives away despair. With tear-dimmed eyes I gaze and can discern tfhe silent res ting-place for which I yearn, And unto which with faltering feet I fare. When I shall rest beneath thee evermore, And cold, gray fogs drift o'er me from the deep, Perchance who knows? the voices of the sea, Rolling in deep-toned music from the shore, May not be all unheard in that last sleep, Murmuring a long, low slumber-song to me. "Rest beneath thee evermore," sang Robertson. It must appear strange to the appraiser of mere real estate values that poets exclude from their verses all idea of cemetery removal ! Cemetery means literally "a sleeping place." Surely sleep should be undisturbed! Think of France proposing to move the bodies of our boys who are sleeping Over There. It is incon- ceivable. In 1871 the San Francisco Art Association was launched. Within a few years its membership counted over six hundred names, and it was able to lease rooms on Pine Street over the 38 LONE MOUNTAIN California Market, on the same floor as the Bohemian Club; in fact, the Art Association was a sub-tenant of the Club, which held a lease of the entire floor. Later the Art Association occu- pied the Mark Hopkins sumptuous residence. For a number of years Virgil Williams, portrait painter, landscape artist, was director of the Art Association, and to his untiring efforts may be attributed the success of its School of Design, now grown to be one of the institutions of the art world. Gutzon Borglum, Robert I. Aitken, Harrison Fisher, Jules Pages, and many other notable artists studied there. Virgil Williams was a dear friend of Robert Louis Stevenson, as was Charles Warren Stoddard. "When we called on him at the Occidental Hotel," said Jerome Hart, "he received us in bed in pajamas. He smoked cigarettes incessantly and entertained us as if he were really pleased to have some one to talk to. His cousin Bob, Robert A. M. Stevenson, used to say, 'R. L. S. is too damn explanatory.' But Stevenson had travelled much and he talked entertainingly, and we always enjoyed our visits with him. Robert Louis Stevenson was a good talker." It was the stimulation of Charles Warren Stoddard's "South Sea Idyls" that sent R. L. S. to the mid-Pacific; the two first met in San Francisco. Since the year 1893 the San Francisco Art Institute and School of Design has been affiliated with the University of Cali- fornia, and is now housed in its own building on Chestnut Street; but there are many old Bohemians who recall with pleasure the days when the Bohemian Club and the Art Association shared the same floor, when Virgil Williams, talented artist and leading spirit of the Bohemian Club, was its director. His headstone at Laurel Hill is unique in lettering and in design evidently the work of an artist. VIRGIL WILLIAMS DIED DECEMBER 1 8, 1 886, AGED 56 QUI REPOSA IN PACE Among San Francisco artists the work of Charles and Arthur Nahl ranks high. Their business card in 1868 read: "Nahl Brothers, art and photographic gallery, 121 Montgomery Street." Their "Sawmill at Coloma" and "Sunday Morning in the Mines," and their portrait studies of the gold-mining era, WRITERS AND ARTISTS 39 are notable. Perham Nahl and Virgil Nahl were sons. At Laurel Hill we find a quaint bust in bronze, and on the pedestal an inscription in German text: CARL C. NAHL GEBOREN IN KASSEL GESTORBEN DEN II MAI 1878 William Keith was born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, in 1839, and after an apprenticeship as a wood engraver came to Cali- fornia at the age of twenty. With brief absences in Munich to study portrait painting, and in New York and Boston, he passed the greater part of his life in California. Friend of John Muir, the two men shared their love for the Sierras and the giant redwoods. William Keith's first wife, like himself, was a painter. She died in San Francisco, and was buried at Laurel Hill. Lizzie Emerson, wife of William Keith, was born in Maine and died March 9, 1882, forty- three years of age. On a monument of rich brown travertine which marks the grave of A. Page Brown is chiseled in Latin the epitaph of Sir Christopher Wren in St. Paul's Cathedral, London: "Wouldst thou behold his monument? look around!" It was Page Brown who planned San Francisco's ferry clock-tower, modeled on the beautiful Giralda Tower at Seville, Spain. He died in 1896, leaving a marked impression upon the architecture of San Francisco. The first number of the San Francisco Argonaut appeared March 25, 1877. For twenty-seven years Jerome A. Hart was associated with the Argonaut as contributor, editor, and owner. Born in San Francisco, in view of the water front, at a time when the life of the city centered in the arrival of the clippers, the square riggers, the frigates, the packet boats, the sloops of war, young Jerome Hart determined to become an admiral. His studies were directed toward preparing for a course at the United States Naval Academy. However, he was disappointed in securing the promised appointment, and was forced to turn his attention to making a career for himself in some other line. He chose the publishing business. He became a great editor, a vigorous writer, a master craftsman in the art of typography. "In Our Second Century" was his latest pub- lished book. "The Golconda Bonanza" and "The Vigilante Time," his two historical novels blending history, tradition and 40 LONE MOUNTAIN romance, are thrilling stones of far Western life. His biography of Victorien Sardou is an authority on the work of the French dramatist. His travel books are interesting, keenly observant, unconventional. He was a widely read and experienced critic, and his comments drew attention. On long hikes through the redwoods, and over the Marin hills and San Francisco's sand dunes, he drew his inspiration from nature. "Gentleness, Vir- tue, Wisdom, and Endurance," said the poet Shelley these were his characteristic traits. Sports were not neglected, and the busy editor was never too much occupied to enjoy each day a bicycle ride or a round of golf, or to witness a tennis game or a prize fight. He never cared to hold a public office, but for many years he moulded public opinion through his weekly editorial page. With old-time chivalry he was one of the most tactful and courteous of men; in spite of clever raillery and ready wit, he was incapable of rancour. He was always willing to see the other side of every question. His complete mastery of English was supplemented by wide reading in the Romance languages; he was never at a loss for the right word. His political editorials had a literary flavor; his after-dinner speeches were possessed of charm and a vivid background. He was a highly accomplished man. "A brilliant mind," said the Spectator, "endowed with powers of expression and discernment, he wrote as he saw things; he wielded a potent literary influence in California." For the preservation of Laurel Hill as a Memorial Park he used his influence as a voter, as an historian, as a writer. The inscription on his sepulcher, in his native city, reads: JEROME A. HART SEPTEMBER 6, 1 854 -JANUARY 3, 1937 LITTERA SCRIPTA MANET In 1855 tne San Francisco Bulletin was founded by James King of William. James King was born in Georgetown, D. C., January 28, 1822, son of William King. He came to California in 1848, and engaged in banking for a time, before he became editor of the Bulletin. He was a fearless writer, and vigorously attacked corruption, professional gambling, and immorality, thereby making for himself many enemies. On leaving his office one evening he was shot down by James P. Casey, and died six days later on May 20, 1856. When the citizens sought to lynch WRITERS AND ARTISTS 41 the assassin, Mayor James Van Ness promptly engaged their attention with an eloquent appeal to go to their homes without violence. Mayor Van Ness spoke on the side of law and order but did not succeed in saving Casey. At the very hour when the funeral procession of James King of William was on its way toward Lone Mountain, James Casey and Charles Cora were taken from the jail and hanged. Both men were buried in Mis- sion Dolores graveyard. The Crescent Fire Engine Company built a monument there for Casey. Cora was after a time re- moved to Calvary Cemetery, where he lies beside his wife. Mayor James Van Ness, for whom Van Ness Avenue was named, rests in his family plot at Laurel Hill Cemetery. Thomas Van Ness, Jr., the San Francisco attorney, is his grandson. James Nisbet, born in Scotland November i, 1816, was on the staff of the Bulletin when his chief, James King, was shot down by an assassin. He was one of the three authors of the "Annals of San Francisco," which was completed and published just be- for the Bulletin was started. Nisbet lost his life in the wreck of the Pacific Mail Steamship Brother Jonathan, which was driven on a rock off the Oregon Coast, north of Crescent City, on Octo- ber 30, 1865. His body was recovered and brought to Laurel Hill, where he was buried near the grave of his old chief. C. O. Gerberding was also one of the proprietors of the Bulle- tin during the stirring times of the Vigilantes. His son Albert Gerberding (1852- 1902) was for some years president of the Grain Exchange. In 1892 he was president of the Bohemian Club when that organization determined to leave the old build- ing leased from the Lent estate, and to establish itself in a new building erected for them on Sutter Street by Simeon Wenban. When the Wenban building was completed the Club directors found they could not undertake to pay the expenses of so large a club house; hence the lease was cancelled, and they remained in their old quarters until the fire of 1906. The graves of both Albert Gerberding and his father are at Laurel Hill. Two later editors of the Bulletin and the Call, George K. Fitch and Loring Pickering, are buried at Laurel Hill. Also John Bonner (1828 - 1899), for many years contributor to the San Francisco Argonaut, the Call, and other journals. Ferdinand and Lawrence Vassault were known in San Fran- cisco for many years as newspaper writers for various eastern journals and for the San Francisco Argonaut. Both were gradu- 42 LONE MOUNTAIN ates of the University of California. Their father, Ferdinand Vassault, was a pioneer merchant with warehouses at Clark's Point prior to 1850. It is said he once brought out a cargo of ice and apples from Boston in the ship Lucas, which netted him a fortune. The ice kept the apples in good condition on the voy- age through the tropics, and what remained on arrival was sold for a bit a pound. The apples brought $35 a barrel. In 1868 the residence of the Vassault family was at 37 South Park, a resi- dence site modeled on Gramercy Park, but deserted after some years by the wealthy residents for locations on the hills. Rincon Hill was first built on; then, when the cable railways proved practicable, Nob Hill, Russian Hill, and Presidio Heights be- came the favored residence districts. The Vassault family scattered; but after many years the ashes of the two sons were brought to the large family plot at Laurel Hill for burial beside their father's grave. William H. Rhodes (1822 - 1876), who wrote over the name "Caxton," is buried at Laurel Hill with his wife and daughter. Educated at Princeton, admitted to the bar after two years at the Harvard Law School, Rhodes came to San Francisco in 1850, and practiced law until the time of his death. He had many warm friends, among them Daniel O'Connell and W. H. L. Barnes. Many of his shorter poems and several brilliant addresses were written for the Bohemian Club. In "Caxton's Book," published in 1876, are collected his poems and the cleverest of his short stories, among them "The Case of Sum- merfield" and "The Boy With the Telescopic Eye." His spirited poem "The Avitor" was deemed fantastic when it ap- peared; yet it was a remarkable prophecy of the flight of an air- plane in our day, some fifty years later, over Mount Diablo and eastward over the high Sierras to Great Salt Lake. In the large plot of Torrence and Parker, adjoining Edward Pollock's, lies Mrs. Judah, who was a member of the Old Cali- fornia Theatre Company. One of her most popular roles was the Nurse, played to Adelaide Neilson's "Juliet." She became the wife of John Torrence, stage carpenter and property man at the California Theatre; their graves at Laurel Hill are marked by a single headstone: MARIETTA S. TORRENCE (MRS. JUDAH) DIED MARCH 2, 1883, AGED JO YEARS WRITERS AND ARTISTS 43 JOHN TORRENCE DIED FEBRUARY 25, 1885, AGED 69 YEARS Edwin Booth, in one of his familiar "Letters to His Friends," wrote on April 9, 1883, from Vienna, where he was stopping at that time: "Poor Mrs. Judah she must have been very old. I remember her from my earliest days." In 1852, the Booth family first came to San Francisco. Junius Brutus Booth had been secured to fill an engagement by Thomas Maguire, and was accompanied west by his sons Junius Brutus, Jr., and Edwin. It was in San Francisco, at a benefit for a fellow actor, that Edwin Booth first played Richard III, subsequently one of his greatest roles. Although but a youth of twenty the excellence of his performance won the praise of Ferdinand Ewer, in an article for the Alta California of April 22, 1853, which was widely copied. The warm friendship thus begun between young Booth and Ferdinand Ewer ended only with the death of the writer many years later. Harriet Mace, wife of Junius Brutus Booth, Jr., was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. DON'T CRY is the admonition on her headstone. Dr. Felix P. Wierzbicki, a Polish physician and author, came to California in 1847 as hospital steward on board the Loo Cboo. He died December 26, 1860, and was buried at Lone Mountain Cemetery in the Chain Plot, Tier 3, Grave 55. His book, "Cali- fornia as It is and as It may be, or, A Guide to the Gold Region," has been recently reprinted by the Grabhorn Press, with a most interesting introduction by Dr. George Lyman. This was the first book in the English language to be printed in California. The first "criticism" of this book of sixty pages was written by Ferdinand Ewer for the Pacific News. When young Ferdinand Ewer arrived in San Francisco, September 16, 1849, it was difficult for him, a graduate of Harvard, to find employment. For a while he drafted maps for City Surveyor W. M. Eddy. But at the same time he was gathering news items for the press which led to his connection with the Pacific News, first as a re- porter, then as editor. In his diary, Ferdinand Ewer describes San Francisco as "an odd little village of a few hundred shanties and tents around the plaza, very lively, much business, very dusty, very rough, with a couple of hundred ships in the harbor at anchor." Ewer Place, off Mason Street, was named for him. His father, Peter F. Ewer, had made a sketch of San Francisco 44 LONE MOUNTAIN as it seemed to him early in 1849, when there were thirty vessels and one steamer in the bay at anchor, and only one pier. This sketch was preserved by the son with his diary and scrapbook ("Life of Ferdinand C. Ewer" by Henry Raub Wagner); he probably did not sign the sketch until 1861, when he copied the diary from the original notes. The preface to the first edition of Dr. Wierzbicki's book on California was dated September 30, 1849. The preface to the second edition, with some added pages, was dated December 30, of the same year. The printing was done by Washington Bart- lett, No. 8 Clay Street. This was the Washington Bartlett who published the Journal of Commerce in 1850, and who did the state printing for the first California legislature. Years later he was elected mayor of San Francisco; but probably his most notable achievement was the publication of Dr. Wierzbicki's book in 1849, tne fi rst book in the English language to be printed in the State of California. Fresh flowers are often found on the grave of Dr. Louis Lisser (1850 1919), much-loved teacher of the piano. Born in Stettin, Germany, November 29, 1850, son of Emil Lisser, he came to San Francisco in July, 1879, an< ^ at once became a leader in musical and artistic circles. He was founder of the San Fran- cisco Symphony Society, and became a member of the Art Association; he joined the Bohemian Club in 1900. The name Richard L. Yanke, another of our musicians who is buried in Laurel Hill, at once recalls the waltz, the mazurka, the schottische, and the German dances almost unknown to the youth of today. Rudolph Herold, who was born in Prussia March 29, 1832, and died in San Francisco July 25, 1889, was a favorite in his day. He was the pioneer orchestra leader in San Francisco, and organized the Philharmonic Concerts. His large family plot at Laurel Hill was taken over by his son Rudolph Herold, Jr., who was for many years a trustee of Laurel Hill Cemetery Association. On the west side of Pioneer Path stands the vine-covered vault of the Woodworth family. Long years ago Samuel Wood- worth, printer, editor, and author, living in New York City, in an outburst of longing for his country home, wrote the much- loved poem "The Old Oaken Bucket." He was born in Ply- mouth County, Massachusetts, January 13, 1785; he died in WRITERS AND ARTISTS 45 New York City, December 9, 1842. After a time his family came to live in San Francisco. His son, Commodore Selim E. Woodworth (1815-1871), crossed the plains in forty-six, promptly took command of an expedition outfitted in Yerba Buena and at Slitter's Fort to rescue a party of starving emi- grants, was elected State Senator from Monterey, and was uni- versally known as a high-minded and generous citizen. William M. Woodworth, one of the sons of Commodore Woodworth, be- came assistant professor of natural history at Harvard Uni- versity. In the Spring of 1896 he made a short stay in San Francisco. He was bound for the South Seas on an expedition undertaken by Alexander Agassiz, with a party of scientists, for the purpose of exploring the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. Commodore Selim E. Woodworth and his brother Frederick acquired considerable real estate in early days, and came to be ranked among the wealthy men of San Francisco. They were prominent members of the Society of California Pioneers. In the "Chronological History of Principal Events/' as set down in the opening pages of the San Francisco Directory for the year 1866, appear the following paragraphs, which tell their own story: February 2, 1865. Frederick Woodworth, an old and highly respected citi- zen, and son of Samuel Woodworth, the author of 'The Old Oaken Bucket," died today. September 28, 1865. The remains of Samuel Woodworth, author of "The Old Oaken Bucket," arrived on the ship Orpbeus for interment with the family dead. In the family vault the author of "The old oaken bucket, the moss-covered bucket that hangs in the well," was buried; and there for more than fifty years he rested. But his descendants have recently removed his ashes to another city. He is gone ! The young and gifted ! By his own strong pinions lifted To the stars. Thus mourned the friends of another much-loved poet, Edward Pollock (1823- 1858), who came from Philadelphia to make his fortune in the new Eldorado. He was one of the con- tributors to Ferdinand Ewer's Pioneer Monthly. He was ad- mitted to the bar but did not live to practice law. Finding the 46 LONE MOUNTAIN grave of Edward Pollock at Laurel Hill, an Old Timer is in- spired to plead with San Francisco's city fathers for the preser- vation of Laurel Hill Cemetery as a Memorial Park. This earnest plea appeared in The Recorder of April 21 3 1937: An Open Letter to the Board of Supervisors GENTLEMEN: Those of us who follow your doings from afar, that is to say, through the columns of the newspapers, are frequently puzzled to penetrate the meaning of this, that or the other action that you take. For instance, are we to understand that you have given the quietus to the noble plan of conver- ting the eastern part of historic old Laurel Hill Cemetery into a Memorial Park? There are many of us who have our roots in the life, yes and in the hal- lowed ground, of San Francisco, who firmly hold that the bodies of our Pioneer Great should not be ordered out of that sacred place. We feel that the final passage of an ordinance directing the transfer some- where beyond the county line of the venerated dust of the makers of our history is quite too brutal in its finality. Hence, knowing you to be gentlemen of good hearts and warm human impulses, we prefer to believe that you do not propose to obliterate ALL of Laurel Hill. Unlike the western reaches of this burial ground, the eastern part that con- fronts the passerby on Presidio Avenue is beautiful, it is lovingly tended, it is the Stoke Pogis of San Francisco, and its tombs bear names that explain why San Francisco became a great city. Gentlemen, you must know because you have had every opportunity of knowing how many of our United States Senators, how many of our Gov- ernors, how many of those others who made our beloved city, lie at rest in those few acres in the fine old phrase, in God's acre. Why should they not be permitted to lie in peace? The living, who speak for them, have asked that their rest be undisturbed; that the glorious old trees of Laurel Hill continue to guard their mortal remains; and that we be permitted to keep in San Francisco this garden spot that is as dear to us as Mission Dolores churchyard that should be as inviolate to all of us as Trinity churchyard in New York. Among the great of Laurel Hill, the great whose names have been recited to you so many times by the God-blessed champions of our higher traditions among those great men of earlier years a poet rests. Have you ever heard of Edward Pollock? Perhaps not. His is a humble grave, but not too hard to find. And it is in the part of Laurel Hill that should be preserved for a Memorial Park. Edward Pollock has rested there since the Christmastide of 1858. Gentle- men, that's a long time, as we count years in this city of ours. Why cannot Edward Pollock's dust remain there forever? A sign painter when he came to San Francisco in 1852, Edward Pollock was admitted to the bar by the Supreme Court of our State three years later. Meanwhile he had won more than 16cal renown as a poet. His "Chandos Picture," a noble tribute to Shakespeare, has won the immortality of many anthologies of verse. WRITERS AND ARTISTS 47 When he died in '58 at the age of thirty-five, his brother poets of San Francisco wept at his grave in Laurel Hill. W. H. ("Caxton") Rhodes was one of these. And Frank Soule, who wrote our Annals. And most distin- guished of all, Charles Warren Stoddard. Here are the eloquent lines that our Stoddard was inspired to write when he stood at the Laurel Hill resting place of his brother-poet: AT POLLOCK'S GRAVE One seared leaf quivering down From the green choir that walls thy brief renown; This is the poet's crown! Where is thy skilful lute, That could provoke the birds to sweet dispute? Alas! forever mute! The hand that drew the balm Of ravishing music from tuned strings is calm; The worm feeds on thy palm. Not the majestic sweep Of subtle melodies thy nerve could keep From out the dusty heap. The eager sun-rays dart Through silken grasses, searching for thy heart, Of perfect gold a part. The frail vine mantling Thy undeserved nakedness doth cling About thee, perishing. Though no cut altar-stone Is set to tell these ashes are thine own, Thou art not all unknown. Nor dost thou, voiceless, wait; A thousand whispering tongues shall penetrate The Heaven's pearly gate; Singing thine unsung songs, Chanting thy praises out of tuneful throngs, And righting all thy wrongs. I would some song dispense, But falter in my homely utterance, For music is flown hence. Shakespeare's epitaph invokes a curse on any rash enough to move his bones. We do not go that far nowadays. Yet our great, at least, should remain in the place of their resting when the surroundings are an inspiration, as they are in that part of Laurel Hill where Edward Pollock sleeps. Gentlemen, despite the final passage of your ordinance on Monday after- noon, let us hear from you again let us hear from you in complete and in San Franciscan sympathy on the subject of a Laurel Hill Memorial Park. AN OLD TIMER 50 LONE MOUNTAIN James Donahue, were born in Glasgow of Irish parents; in 1849 they arrived in San Francisco. James Donahue died in August, 1862, at Laurel Wood, his stock farm in Santa Clara County. He was buried in Calvary Cemetery. He was twice married. His daughter Mamie married Baron Von Schroeder, who died in Germany after the World War. His son. Peter S. Donahue, lived for many years at Laurel Wood, and died unmarried June 3, 1910, an amiable bachelor, and one of the picturesque figures in the society life of the nineties. The monumental drinking fountain on lower Market Street in San Francisco, at the inter- section of Bush and Battery streets, was erected in memory of Peter Donahue, with a fund of $25,000 left by his son, Mervyn. A spirited bronze group by Douglas Tilden, the deaf-mute sculptor, surmounts a massive granite base. At this crowded intersection of four streets it serves as a refuge for pedestrians. DEDICATED TO MECHANICS BY JAMES MERVYN DONAHUE IN MEMORY OF HIS FATHER PETER DONAHUE San Francisco was fortunate in the high class of her mayors during the critical period of the seventies. Prominent citizens were chosen by the nominating conventions, and were elected by the people. July i, 1869, Thomas H. Selby became mayor. An era of progress followed. Following Thomas H. Selby, William Alvord was mayor for two years. Following him, James Otis became mayor July i, 1873. He had been a warm friend and supporter of Thomas Starr King, and in 1 864 he was sent as a delegate to the National Convention which met in Baltimore and nominated Abraham Lincoln for re-election. Again, in 1872, James Otis was sent as a delegate to the National Convention when General Grant was nominated in Philadelphia. He was prominent in San Fran- cisco's protest against granting Yerba Buena Island to any rail- way company. James Otis was born in Boston and when quite young entered the firm of Macondray & Company. He served on the Board of Supervisors, in the State Legislature, as presi- dent of the Chamber of Commerce, as president of the Mercan- tile Library Association and Laurel Hill Cemetery Association. He died in October, 1875, an< ^ was buried at Laurel Hill. Head- SAN FRANCISCO'S CONSTRUCTIVE CITIZENS 51 stones in his large family plot mark the graves of Frederick W. Macondray and his wife, and William A. Macondray and his wife. Andrew Jackson Bryant became mayor of San Francisco De- cember 4, 1875, an d served for four years. He was a discreet business man and stood at the helm during the Kearney riots which threatened to disrupt the city. When General Grant ar- rived in San Francisco on the City of Tokio, September 20, 1 879, after two years spent in a world tour, Mayor Bryant greeted him at the pier. Among the many entertainments given in honor of General Grant and his party, Senator William Sharon's recep- tion at his country estate at Belmont was a fete long to be re- membered by the fifteen hundred or more guests. Miss Flora Sharon, who assisted her father in receiving the guests, later became Lady Fermor-Hesketh, and went to live in England. When she died, in 1924, her ashes were brought to Laurel Hill and placed in her father's tomb. In early days the Bank of California bought a large plot at Laurel Hill for their employees and members of the corporation. It was afterward transferred to the late Robert F. Morrow, the Comstock magnate. His ashes are buried there. He died June 5, 1918, eighty-six years of age. He and Adam Grant, who died March 21, 1904, were the principal owners of the old Sutter Street and Geary Street car lines. Mrs. Adam Grant, who died November 30, 1926, at the age of eighty-seven, came to Cali- fornia from England by way of the Hawaiian Islands in 1849. Joseph D. Grant of San Francisco is her son. EDMUND GARDINER BRYANT A NATIVE OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK DIED JUNE 29, 1865, AGED 29 YEARS IN LOVING MEMORY On October 14, 1886, some twenty years after his death, Dr. Edmund Gardiner Bryant, who died in Virginia City, Nevada, was brought to Laurel Hill to rest in Plot 2604, which stands in the name of Marie L. Mackay. He was her first husband. After her second marriage, Mrs. John W. Mackay (who had been Marie Louise Hungerford Bryant), while her children were young, went to live in Paris. She became a patron of the arts and the friend of many American girls. She took a prominent 52 LONE MOUNTAIN part in the receptions held in the French capital for General Grant's party during his famous trip around the world. Her daughter, Eva Bryant, was married to Prince Galatro-Colonna, and took up her residence in Italy. Mrs. Mackay's portrait was painted by Meissonier; but it did not please her, and she did not exhibit it, which gave offense to the French people. Meanwhile her charming character and the good she did with her great wealth inspired the creation of the character of Mrs. Scott in Ludovic Halevy's "L'Abbe Constantin," one of the books read by little boys and girls all over the world when they are studying their first French. And so Mrs. Mackay is not merely to be regarded as a personage in Parisian society she is a figure in a novel that belongs immortally to French literature. Always cosmopolitan in her tastes, Mrs. Mackay then moved to London. Established at 6 Carlton House Terrace she enter- tained lavishly for many years, and there the Prince of Wales was her guest. Through her many social triumphs and her long residence abroad she still held "in loving memory" the sweet- heart of her young days. Some years after the death of her second husband in London, July 20, 1902, Mrs. Mackay re- turned to New York. On September 5, 1928, at the home of her son, Clarence H. Mackay, at Roslyn, New York, she died at the age of eighty-five. Her three grandchildren were at her bedside: John W. Mackay, Mrs. Kenneth O'Brien, and Mrs. Irving Berlin. Jonathan Kittredge, who was born November 12, 1824, came to California by way of Panama in 1849. He established a black- smith shop at Clark's Point, and afterwards became the owner of the Phoenix Iron Works. His brother Joseph Kittredge (1800 - 1882) was proprietor of the Pioneer Iron Works. Both are buried at Laurel Hill in their family plot on Mt. Hope Path. AARON STEIN A CHRISTIAN 1834-1900 In 1919, the ashes of Nathan Stein were placed beside his twin brother's grave. The twins, Aaron and Nathan, set sail together on life's long voyage; but Nathan did not drop anchor here till nineteen years after Aaron. Wells Fargo erected their monument. SAN FRANCISCO'S CONSTRUCTIVE CITIZENS 53 Under a granite slab lie George T. Marye (1817- 1883) and his wife Helen, who died in 1902. He was a prominent citizen of Virginia City and later of San Francisco. The story of his life was published in San Francisco by his son, George T. Marye, Jr., in a volume entitled "From '49 to '83 in California and Nevada," dedicated "To the Society of California Pioneers, whose members shared in all the hardships and achievements of those early days." George T. Marye, Jr., was Ambassador to Russia at the outbreak of the World War. In the miniature Gothic temple of rich brown sandstone built by Nicholas Luning many years ago, rests his son-in-law: JOHN M. CUNNINGHAM JULY 10, 1855 -JANUARY 14, 1897 Dr. Jonathan Clark died at the old Grand Hotel in San Fran- cisco March 29, 1884. He was born in Crawfordsville, Indiana, February 26, 1826, a great-grandson of Abraham Clark, signer of the Declaration of Independence and member of the Conti- nental Congress from New Jersey. While a youth in Iowa, Jonathan Clark enlisted for the War with Mexico, and was severely wounded in an Indian fight. In 1849 ne crossed the plains to California and spent one season in the mines. In November, 1853, he was appointed acting assistant surgeon in the United States Army, serving under the command of Colonel R. C. Buchanan, Fourth Infantry, and was assigned to duty at Fort Humboldt, two miles from Eureka. It was there General Grant served as Captain of Company F for nine months, and then resigned from the army to become a farmer. When the Civil War came on Dr. Jonathan Clark was commissioned sur- geon of the First Battalion of California Volunteers, and served for three years. Maud Younger, long in charge of election activities for the National Woman's Party in Washington, D. C., was born in San Francisco. She died at her home in Los Gatos in 1936. Her father, Dr. William J. Younger, in March, 1869, purchased Plot 1789, on Lone Mountain Avenue, for his young wife; the ashes of their daughters are also buried there. In a nearby plot at Laurel Hill lies Pedar Sather (1810-1886), banker, born in Norway, with his first wife, Sarah. With a part 54 LONE MOUNTAIN of the Sather fortune, Jane K. Sather, widow of the banker, erected the Sather Gate and the beautiful Campanile at Berke- ley. Emile Bruguiere (1849 ~~ 1900) also lies there. His wife, a daughter of the banker, was drowned at sea. Adjoining this plot is Colonel Hiram Pearsons' plot. He was a wealthy man and owned a large amount of productive real estate. He resided at the Russ House. After his death Mrs. Pearsons resided at the Lick House. Their son was accidentally drowned in Lake Michigan. Some two or three years after his death, the real property of the Hiram Pearsons estate was sold at auction, and among other items was the State title to about eighteen inches of a beach and water lot at Clark's Point, be- longing to William S. Clark. It was bid in by the Clark estate for $150. Nearby stands the large vault of Albert W. Sisson, who was born in Cattaraugus County, New York, October n, 1827, and died November 18, 1888, leaving a wife and four sons. He was a merchant, and was also interested in the importation of fine cattle from Australia. While the Central Pacific Railroad was in course of construction, the firm of Sisson, Wallace & Crocker, subsequently Sisson & Crocker, of which he was the head, did an extensive business furnishing supplies to the construction forces. The plot of William H. Wallace, of the same firm, adjoins Senator Fair's Gothic mausoleum. His daughter became the wife of Dr. Morris Herzstein. A large stretch of lawn near the lodge is maintained by a per- petual care fund, paid years ago by French executors. Under the native oaks in a double tomb of black marble lie Andre Chavanne and Emelie Chavanne. David Porter (1833 - 1893), wholesale wine and liquor mer- chant, whose home on Nob Hill occupied the block where the Fairmont Hotel now stands, was born in Scotland. His daughter fell in love with the handsome opera singer, Campobello, and she married him. In the family plot 2652, at Laurel Hill, were placed the ashes of Eliza V. Porter (1837 - 1908). The accident which caused the death of Samuel Knight, April 1 6, 1866, at forty-five years of age, is not mentioned in the inscription on his monument. He was killed by the accidental explosion of a case of nitro-glycerine in the offices of Wells Fargo & Company, at California and Montgomery streets, where he SAN FRANCISCO'S CONSTRUCTIVE CITIZENS 55 was manager. The death toll that day was eleven persons, and as many more were seriously injured. Samuel Knight, Yale man, one-time United States attorney, and beloved Red Cross worker for thirty-nine years, is the son of Samuel Knight whose resting place is Laurel Hill. On April n, 1853, when on the trip from Alviso to San Fran- cisco, with about one hundred and twenty-five passengers, the steam pipe of the Jenny Lind was blown out, scalding many of those on board. Thirty-one lost their lives as a result of their injuries. The history of this accident is recorded in inscriptions. FRANKLIN WHITMORE BOSWORTH Born Buffalo, New York, October 26, 1827. Died San Francisco, April 12, 1853, from injuries received by explosion of the Steamer Jenny Lind. He was an honest man, the pride of a father's heart; had no enemies and had many friends. Erected to his memory by his only living brother. WILLIAM BOSWORTH, APRIL 12, 1819 - DECEMBER 12, 1887 WILLIAM BOSWORTH, JR. DECEMBER 1 8, l86l - MAY 3, 1884 MARY C. BOSWORTH OCTOBER 12, 1829 - MAY 29, 1910 Captain Henry P.Hulbert, who was born October 1 1, 1 8 13, was commander of the California Steam Navigation Company's steamer Sophie McLane, running between San Francisco and Suisun. He lost his life as a result of injuries received from the explosion which wrecked the steamer at Suisun on the morning of October 26, 1 864. A number of the passengers and crew were fatally injured. There were many accidents of this kind in the pioneer days of steamships, due to the use of high pressure en- gines without proper supervision. William F. Babcock (1820 - 1885), a native of Massachusetts, became a leading merchant in San Francisco. He c&me from New Orleans in 1852. With A. B. Forbes he took over the agency of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. He was also president of the Spring Valley Water Company for a time. In the Babcock vault at Laurel Hill appears, beside his own, the name of his little grandson, William F. Babcock, son of William Babcock, who was fatally injured when thrown from his horse; he was eleven years of age. 54 LONE MOUNTAIN of the Sather fortune, Jane K. Sather, widow of the banker, erected the Sather Gate and the beautiful Campanile at Berke- ley. Emile Bruguiere (1849- 1900) also lies there. His wife, a daughter of the banker, was drowned at sea. Adjoining this plot is Colonel Hiram Pearsons* plot. He was a wealthy man and owned a large amount of productive real estate. He resided at the Russ House. After his death Mrs. Pearsons resided at the Lick House. Their son was accidentally drowned in Lake Michigan. Some two or three years after his death, the real property of the Hiram Pearsons estate was sold at auction, and among other items was the State title to about eighteen inches of a beach and water lot at Clark's Point, be- longing to William S. Clark. It was bid in by the Clark estate for $150. Nearby stands the large vault of Albert W. Sisson, who was born in Cattaraugus County, New York, October n, 1827, and died November 18, 1888, leaving a wife and four sons. He was a merchant, and was also interested in the importation of fine cattle from Australia. While the Central Pacific Railroad was in course of construction, the firm of Sisson, Wallace & Crocker, subsequently Sisson & Crocker, of which he was the head, did an extensive business furnishing supplies to the construction forces. The plot of William H. Wallace, of the same firm, adjoins Senator Fair's Gothic mausoleum. His daughter became the wife of Dr. Morris Herzstein. A large stretch of lawn near the lodge is maintained by a per- petual care fund, paid years ago by French executors. Under the native oaks in a double tomb of black marble lie Andre Chavanne and Emelie Chavanne. David Porter (1833 - 1893), wholesale wine and liquor mer- chant, whose home on Nob Hill occupied the block where the Fairmont Hotel now stands, was born in Scotland. His daughter fell in love with the handsome opera singer, Campobello, and she married him. In the family plot 2652, at Laurel Hill, were placed the ashes of Eliza V. Porter (1837 - 1908). The accident which caused the death of Samuel Knight, April 1 6, 1866, at forty-five years of age, is not mentioned in the inscription on his monument. He was killed by the accidental explosion of a case of nitro-glycerine in the offices of Wells Fargo & Company, at California and Montgomery streets, where he SAN FRANCISCO'S CONSTRUCTIVE CITIZENS 55 was manager. The death toll that day was eleven persons, and as many more were seriously injured. Samuel Knight, Yale man, one-time United States attorney, and beloved Red Cross worker for thirty-nine years, is the son of Samuel Knight whose resting place is Laurel Hill. On April n, 1853, when on the trip from Alviso to San Fran- cisco, with about one hundred and twenty-five passengers, the steam pipe of the Jenny Lind was blown out, scalding many of those on board. Thirty-one lost their lives as a result of their injuries. The history of this accident is recorded in inscriptions. FRANKLIN WHITMORE BOSWORTH Born Buffalo, New York, October 26, 1827. Died San Francisco, April 12, 1853, from injuries received by explosion of the Steamer Jenny Lind. He was an honest man, the pride of a father's heart; had no enemies and had many friends. Erected to his memory by his only living brother. WILLIAM BOSWORTH, APRIL 12, 1819 - DECEMBER 12, 1887 WILLIAM BOSWORTH, JR. DECEMBER l8, l86l - MAY 3, 1884 MARY C. BOSWORTH OCTOBER 12, 1829 - MAY 29, 1910 Captain Henry P.Hulbert, who was born October 1 1, 1813, was commander of the California Steam Navigation Company's steamer Sophie McLane^ running between San Francisco and Suisun. He lost his life as a result of injuries received from the explosion which wrecked the steamer at Suisun on the morning of October 26, 1 864. A number of the passengers and crew were fatally injured. There were many accidents of this kind in the pioneer days of steamships, due to the use of high pressure en- gines without proper supervision. William F. Babcock (1820 - 1885), a native of Massachusetts, became a leading merchant in San Francisco. He clme from New Orleans in 1852. With A. B. Forbes he took over the agency of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. He was also president of the Spring Valley Water Company for a time. In the Babcock vault at Laurel Hill appears, beside his own, the name of his little grandson, William F. Babcock, son of William Babcock, who was fatally injured when thrown from his horse; he was eleven years of age. 56 LONE MOUNTAIN The ashes of Oscar T. Shuck are buried at Laurel Hill. He compiled a number of useful books, among them "Representa- tive Men of the Pacific," "California Anthology," "Official Roll of San Francisco," "Eloquence of the Far West," "Bench and Bar of California." Dr. Bonte, Secretary of the Board of Re- gents of the University of California, once wrote to him: "You are making good books; a novel is nowhere compared with your reminiscences in 'Bench and Bar'. " These lines are from Gray's Elegy : Beneath those rugged elms y that yew-tree's shade , Where heaves the turf in many a mould" ring heap. Each in his narrow cell for ever laid, 'The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire; Hands , that the rod of empire might have sway'd, Or wak'dto extasy the living lyre. The eighteenth century was fifty years old when Thomas Gray gave to the world and to immortality his "Elegy Written in a Country Church-Yard." The typical eighteenth-century man was, in most respects, as hard and cold as steel, but it would never have entered his mind to move a cemetery. Care- less of the rights of his fellow man he might be, but the bones of his forefathers were safe from even the thought of desecration. Today, two hundred years after Thomas Gray meditated and was inspired there, the country church-yard at Stoke Pogis is inviolate and will remain inviolate forever. Mention of Thomas Gray brings to mind a Gray of San Francisco Nathaniel Gray, our honored pioneer undertaker. An anecdote will not be amiss. The late Charles B. Turrill whose large collection of Cali- forniana was given to the Society of California Pioneers, was one of the first to protest against the desecration, by removal, of Laurel Hill Cemetery. In an argument before a committee of the Board of Supervisors he exclaimed: "These forebears of ours were promised unbroken sleep. Dare we break that promise? Gentlemen, if old Nathaniel Gray could have anticipated that you would entertain this proposal, he would have put wheels on his coffins!" SAN FRANCISCO'S CONSTRUCTIVE CITIZENS 57 All who slumber on the bosom of Laurel Hill, as these pages indicate, are not our "rude forefathers" far from it. Here are our Great, our Builders. Resting here are those who verily helped sway the rod of empire; yes, and poets who waked the lyre to music. Bret Harte was among those who revered Laurel Hill. This is his tribute: This is that hill of awe 'That Persian Sindbad saw, 'The mount magnetic; And on its seaward j ace, Scattered along its base, The wrecks prophetic. Here come the argosies Blown by each idle breeze y To and fro shifting; Tet to the hill of Fate All drawing, soon or late, Day by day drifting; Driftingforever here Barks that for many a year Braved wind and weather; Shallops but yesterday Launched on yon shining bay, Drawn all together. 'This is the end of all: Sun thyself by the wall, poorer Hindbad! Envy not Sindbad'sfame: Here come alike the same Hindbad and Sindbad. VI Memorials Without the Walls GEORGE STERLING, San Francisco's beloved poet, envisioned a bridge across the Golden Gate, "to stand," he wrote, "unaltered in its magnificence, to bear witness to what manner of men were those who could dream with their souls and shape with their hands earth's most colossal fabri- cation." "How little did Portola dream," he continued, "gazing down from the San Matean hills, of the long constellations of light that should girdle, nightly, the Bay below. "How little did our own Argonauts, come hither to drain California of its gold and then return to what they fondly called 'God's country/ dream of the empire they were to found and of the royal city that was to be its standard-bearer!" Sterling's untimely passing forbade him the privilege of see- ing the Golden Gate and the Bay spanned by two "colossal fabrications." But his city has not forgotten George Sterling. His "cool grey city of love" is faithful to his memory. On June 25, 1928, a George Sterling memorial was dedicated in the heart of old San Francisco. It was Spring Valley, through Edward F. O'Day, editor and scholar, and friend of the poet, that gave this city the Sterling memorial. In 1858 John Bensley who rests in Laurel Hill, gave San Francisco its first water supply. Tapping Lobos Creek, he carried the water to two reservoirs on Russian Hill, one at Lom- bard and Hyde, the other at Francisco and Hyde. Lobos Creek has long since ceased to supply the city with water, but the reservoirs are still in use. John Bensley's water works were ab- sorbed by Spring Valley Water Company in 1865; and Spring Valley in turn was purchased by the municipality. The Sterling memorial was placed on a little bit of ground behind the old Lombard Street reservoir, with an entrance from MEMORIALS WITHOUT THE WALLS 59 a flight of steps on Chestnut Street, and it consists of a bench done in decorative tile at the end of a parterre of plane trees. Inset in the bench is a bronze tablet, placed by Spring Valley Water Company in 1927, bearing the words: TO REMEMBER GEORGE STERLING 1869- 1926 singer , fled afar! The erected darkness shall but isle the star That was your voice to men, Till morning come again And of the nigbt that song alone remain. This quotation from Sterling's "Ode to Shelley," is followed by a selection words and music from the "Song of Friend- ship" which was the joint composition of George Sterling and Uda Waldrop. This spot of delightful intimacy is to receive by official action the name of George Sterling Park. San Francisco's two colossal fabrications, the Golden Gate Bridge and the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, are lasting testimonials to the working together of the law maker, the tax- payer, the engineer, and labor. Congressman Richard J. Welch will be remembered; Joseph B. Strauss, Charles H. Purcell, and Charles Derleth, Jr., will not be forgotten in the splendor of these Titanic monuments over the graves of the bridge-builders who lost their lives in the swirling waters far below the Golden Gate and beneath the tides of San Francisco Bay. There are other memorials in the vicinity of San Francisco outside the walls of cemeteries; some are merely cenotaphs, and some are veritable monuments over graves. The body of the Reverend Thomas Starr King, California's pioneer preacher who died March 4, 1864, when scarcely forty years of age, was taken first to Lone Mountain. The chronicles of the day record that on September 22, 1864, "the remains of the late Rev. T. Starr King were removed from the vault at Lone Mountain and entombed in the sarcophagus in front of the Unitarian Church." When the growth of the city necessitated tearing down the original Starr King Church to make way for office buildings, the tomb of Thomas Starr King was moved with the church to 60 LONE MOUNTAIN its present location on Geary Street at the corner of Franklin Street. That California was saved to the Union was due in large measure to the overmastering patriotism, the fiery eloquence, and the unceasing labor of Thomas Starr King. He is not for- gotten. On October 27, 1892, a monument in Golden Gate Park was dedicated to him. It is the work of the sculptor Daniel Chester French. The laurel trees have grown around its base and have partially concealed the legend: THOMAS STARR KING IN HIM ELOQUENCE, STRENGTH AND VIRTUE WERE DEVOTED WITH FEARLESS COURAGE TO TRUTH, COUNTRY AND HIS FELLOW MEN 1824- 1864 In 1913 the legislature of the State of California appropriated ten thousand dollars for a bronze bust of Thomas Starr King to be placed in the Capitol at Washington. "Has he lived in vain, who, Priest of Freedom, made ye one," said the poet Whittier. For the National Hall of Statuary, California has very fittingly chosen Thomas Starr King, and Father Junipero Serra. This choice of the people was confirmed by the State Legislature of 1927. It is interesting to note that New Jersey's two distinguished citizens whose statues were installed in Statuary Hall over forty years ago, are Philip Kearny and Richard Stockton; names well known to the California pioneers. Haig Patigian, a sculptor of ability and rare genius, was chosen by the Commission to execute the statue of Thomas Starr King for the National Hall of Statuary. It is a fine piece of work. A monument has been erected to General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby at the spot where he fell, in the lava beds of Northern California, when he was treacherously murdered by Modoc Indian chiefs. From his boyhood home in Crawfords- ville, Indiana, young Canby went to West Point. At Crawfords- ville his father, Dr. Israel T. Canby, was receiver of the land office for many years. For a time in San. Francisco's early days, Major Canby was stationed on the Pacific Coast and was much loved by all who knew him at Monterey, at Benicia, and at San Francisco. After his promotion for gallant conduct during MEMORIALS WITHOUT THE WALLS 61 the War with Mexico, he served as Assistant Adjutant General of the Pacific Division from February 27, 1849, to February 22, 1851. He served through the Civil War. In 1870, when he was Brigadier General of the United States Army, he consented to take command of the Department of the Columbia, a difficult post on account of Indian disturbances. While holding a peace conference in the vicinity of the Modoc lava beds, on April n, 1873, ne was murdered. General Canby's grave is in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis; but the monument erected to his memory by the Native Sons and Daughters of the Golden West in Modoc County, California, is a cherished shrine. Hundreds go each year to see that lonely spot called Canby's Cross, where the peace commissioners went unarmed to meet the Modoc braves, and where Uncle Richard Canby sacrificed his life in his heroic endeavor to bring about peace between the red men and the white. He did not altogether fail, though he lost his life in his courageous effort to accomplish his mission without bloodshed. The Gjoa Expedition in command of Roald Amundsen with a crew of six men sailed from Christiania, Norway, June 16, 1903, spent twenty-two months at Gjoa Harbor, King Charles Land, taking magnetic observations to determine the location of the magnetic North Pole. Proceeded westward and sailed through the North-West Passage the only time in history, in the summer of 1906. Arrived in San Francisco in October, 1906. Thus reads the legend on the Gjoas tablet. Captain Roald Amundsen, Arctic explorer, navigator, the first to reach the South Pole, and the first and only man to navigate the North- West Passage, has perished in the Arctic seas. On June 18, 1928, he left Norway hurriedly, on an errand of mercy, in an attempt to rescue General Nobile and the crew of the dirigible Italia; he was never seen again. His grave is in the ocean, or in No Man's Land. But his monument is in the City by the Golden Gate. The people love a monument. The Gjoa, the staunch little vessel in which he sailed through the North-West Passage, was presented to the Golden Gate Park Commissioners by Captain Roald Amundsen and the Nor- wegians on the Pacific Coast. And now the Gjoa rides, firmly anchored to a rock, high up on the sandy beach where Golden Gate Park and the Pacific Ocean meet. The Lick Observatory on the summit of Mt. Hamilton, at an elevation of 4,209 feet, is the monument which marks the 62 LONE MOUNTAIN grave of James Lick who died in San Francisco, October i, 1876, aged eighty years. He was first buried at Lone Mountain Cemetery; but when the Observatory was completed and turned over to the University of California, the remains of James Lick who gave almost his entire fortune to public uses, including $700,000 for the Observatory, were buried in a crypt in the base of the pedestal of the great telescope. "There can be no fairer ambition," wrote Robert Louis Steven- son, "than to excell in talk; to be affable, gay, ready, clear, and welcome; to have a fact, a thought, or an illustration, pat to every subject. ... In short, the first duty of a man is to speak; that is his chief business in this world; and talk, which is the harmonious speech of two or more, is by far the most accessible of pleasures. It costs nothing in money; it is all profit; it com- pletes our friendships, and can be enjoyed at any age and in almost any state of health. ... It is in talk alone that friends can measure strength, and enjoy that amicable counter-asser- tion of personality which is the gauge of relations and the sport of life." It is said that San Francisco was the first city to recognize his charm and to erect a monument by which to remember Robert Louis Stevenson, and on the face of the memorial stone is in- scribed these striking words from his "Christmas Sermon": TO BE HONEST TO BE KIND TO EARN A LITTLE TO SPEND A LITTLE LESS Robert Louis Stevenson's monument is in Portsmouth Square. It is beautiful and interesting. Designed by Bruce Porter and the late Willis Polk, it was placed in the plaza where Stevenson loved to sit and dream, and study humanity in the heart of old San Francisco. Stevenson died at his Samoan Island home, Vailima, December 3, 1894, in his forty-fifth year. He was buried on the summit of Mount Vaea, overlooking the ocean. On June 22, 1915, the ashes of his wife were brought to his Samoan Island resting place and laid within his concrete tomb. It was after the death of her husband that Mrs. Steven- son built the house designed by Willis Polk at Hyde and Lombard streets in San Francisco. But she did not live there MEMORIALS WITHOUT THE WALLS 63 long. She bought a ranch near Gilroy where she spent the summers with her family. Near this place Frank Norris built a cabin remote from the haunts of men. He planned to live there with his wife and little daughter and there to write the sequel to "The Octopus" to be the third number in his trilogy of the wheat. But he died untimely, and his friends have marked the spot he chose for work, with a massive memorial seat of unhewn stones, sur- mounted by an iron cross. Lloyd Osbourne owns the ranch through which one drives to reach the Norris monument. It is high up on a hilltop far from the travelled way. A bronze tablet set in the rough rock pile bears the following inscription: FRANK NORRIS SIMPLENESS AND GENTLENESS AND HONOR AND CLEAN MIRTH 1870 1902 Under the wide and starry sky, Dig the grave and let me lie, Glad did I live, and gladly die, And I laid me down with a will. This be the verse you grave for me: Here he lies where he longed to be: Home is the sailor, home from the sea, And the hunter home from the hill. ROBERT Louis STEVENSON 64 LONE MOUNTAIN SOME of the silent denizens of the Lone Mountain Cemeteries were born more than a hundred and fifty years ago. Although the City of San Francisco dates only from the middle of the last century there are headstones at Laurel Hill marking the graves of men born while the shadow of the Revolutionary War was still upon the land. Frederick Abell BorninLondon June4, 1798 -July 21, 1859 Frederick R. Bunker July 4, 1 800 - December 24, 1 891 Antoinette Beckh 1797-1856 Capt. R. B. Cunningham U. S. N. October 10, 1794 -March 13, 1 86 1 James Deering 1794-1882 John Dunn 1800-1881 Joseph C. Gummer Born in 1799 Mrs. Clarissa Gridley 1782-1857 Judge Fletcher M. Haight Born in 1799 William Harrison Martin Died April 28, 1 868 Aged 71 years Eliza Ross Martin Died in 1 874 Aged 76 years Captain Isaac Pixley was born in 1787 Pioneer I. C. C. Russ of the Russ Gardens 1785 - 1857 Lewis Saunders 1 796 -1856 A native of Kentucky Mammy Sarah 1779-1869 Reverend John D. Spencer Derby, England 1 793 - 1 867 John Watkins Wilde 1798-1862 Born in Maryland Woodworth, Selim E., 45. William M., 45. Wright, Harold L., 80. Wright, S. S. 33. YALE, Gregory, a. Yanke, Richard L., 44. Yerba Buena, v, 18. Envoy. Younger, Maud, 53. Dr. Wm. J., 53. " ' *V7 IS /y s? f^db<&***~*^#*:2**->. /7 /f/f/*~ y r "^^I~^S^ ~~ f ' ^^^' <* T~^S^**- ^t^ytsWif^^ ^ \ n & &*~. , ^/^y^^^^^ '^^^J^^^^ KtJ&n. """ v< AT THIS POINT OF ROCKS CALLED < CLARK'S POINT IN THE YEAR I&4? WILLIAM SQUIRE CLARK D&OVt:; PILES* AND BUILT THE FIRST WBABt? BAY OF VII Inscriptions Copied from Headstones THERE are forty-seven thousand names on the record books of Laurel Hill, dedicated in 1854 as Lone Moun- tain Cemetery. The few names given here were copied from headstones and monuments with the help of Superinten- dent C. E. Kruger. William A. Aldrich Died February 25, 1 892 Aged 67 years William H. Aldrich Died October 23, 1 897 Aged 40 years Ann the Mother of the Miller Brothers 1 800 - 1 869 Alexander C. Abell 1816-1890 Fayette Anderson Died September 17, 1 88 1 Aged 54 years J. Henry Applegate January 1 5, 1 845 - October 6, 1 896 Nellie R. Applegate December 12, 1 844- May 1, 1886 Josiah H. Applegate October 21, 1816 -October 12, 1889 Dr. Richard P. Ashe 1 8 23 - 1 87 1 Born in North Carolina Joseph Atkinson Died July 7,1889 Jane S. Atkinson December 1 2, 1 808 - July 28, 1 875 Joseph Atwell Pioneer June n, 1811 -November 29, 1891 Eugene A. Auger March 10, 1860 -August n, 1891 Sophie Dussol, n6e Robert Decd6e le 21 Septembre, 1 866 MaryTherese Wife of Joseph Austin Joseph Austin Died April 1 8, 1902 69 years of age Henry Axtell Born New York Died October i , 1 860 Aged 28 years B Judah Baker Native of Massachusetts November 27, 1829 - August 17, 1892 Caroline P. Baldwin Died June 2, 1 873 Aged 38 years Wife of Admiral Charles Baldwin, U. S. N. Peter M. Baldwin Died January 6, 1 859 Aged 53 years Captain Abner Barker January 13, 1819 -March 14, 1872 Benjamin Barker Died in Sacramento, October 3, 1 850 Aged 21 years My Brother Robert Barnard Son of Captain Frederic & Margaret A. Barnard March 1817 -April 5, 1855 Member of the San Francisco Bar 66 LONE^ MOUNTAIN Frederic W. Barnard Born New York Died December 13, 1855 Aged 36 years Theodore A. Barry Born in Boston April 29, 1 825 - August 27, 1 88 1 James Putnam Barry Died June 1 9, 1 860 Aged 36 years Frederick A. Bee September 9, 1825 -May 26, 1892 Albert W. Bee September 19, 1821 -June 14, 1863 S. Louise Bee, his wife August 7, 1 830 - August 4, 1 925 Everett Newton Bee August 28, 1861 -October 27, 1935 Bensley and Benchley Cecilia C. Wife of John Bensley April 16, 1832 -April 17, 1867 Thomas Bell Native of Scotland Died October 16, 1 892 Aged 70 years Terese Bell, widow of Thomas Bell Died August 1 1 , 1 922 JohnH.Bolton 1826-1896 Sarah Ann Bolton 1 837 - 1 894 William Bowers Bourn Born Somerset, Massachusetts June 21, 1813 Died San Francisco July 24, 1 874 George W. Bowers Died June 1 6, 1 893 William Bray ton Humboldt Co., Nevada Territory Died February 10, 1 863 Rev. Benj. Brierly Died July 21, 1863 Aged 52 years John Browning Died September 22, 1 870 Aged 37 years Major John F. Bronson Died July 27, 1871 Aged 36 years Alpheus Bull 1 8 1 6 - 1 8 90 Alpheus Bull 1 8 6 1 - 1 906 Henry M. Bull 1856-1909 Francis S. Spring 1829-1896 Martin J. Burke Died 1 906 J. W. Burling Walter S. Burling James C. Calhoun Son of John C. Calhoun Daniel L. Carlton Native of Maine Died May 1 , 1 8 59 Aged 42 years Interred in this place December 4, 1 859 Harriet C. Carlton Died August 1 8, 1 898 William Carr Born in England 1 826 - 1 884 Dr. Joseph Washburn Clark 1812-1878 Plot 382 J. Fessenden Clark May 3 1 , 1 848 - January 1 9, 1 906 Sterling B. F. Clark Born in Holidaysburg, Pennsylvania Died in San Francisco Died or buried October I, 1852 Aged 28 years. Buried in Yerba Buena Cemetery Grave No. 2156. Moved to Laurel Hill Ceme- tery. Moved to Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland. William H. Clark Died February 22, 1 872 Aged 58 years Marrianna Clark Died July 1 9, 1 860 Aged 48 years John James Clark Died February 4, 1 876 Aged 46 years Robert Craig Chambers 1 833 - 1 8 90 Eudora A. Chambers 1846-1891 Eliza Ballinger 1838-1875 Richard D. Chandler 1827-1908 Sarah A. Chandler 1839-1 907 Helen E., wife of R. D. Chandler Died 1865 Aged 30 years Capt. W. D. Chard Born London Died November 4, 1 850 Aged 37 years INSCRIPTIONS COPIED FROM HEADSTONES 67 Anna M. Chard (his wife) Died December 8, 1 875 Aged 52 years Edward W. Church January 21, 1814 - April 28, 1861 (Letitia Howard, wife) George W. Cleveland 1 9 January 1 824 - 1 7 February 1 866 S. Cleveland Born Connecticut Died September 28, 1869 40 years of age W. N. Coghill Died May 24, 1 869 Aged 42 years George Ann Cutter Wife of Pierre B. Cornwall Died April 7, 1 864 Andrew Jackson Coghill Native of Virginia November 3, 1 829 - July 4, 1901 Dr. J.Beverly Cole Charles Cook January 1 6, 1 8 1 5 - May 29, 1 8 83 ElishaCook Augusts, 1823 -December 31, 1871 Archibald Cooper Born Baltimore, Md. November 25, 1816 - July 5, 1898 Dr. Elias Samuel Cooper 1822-1 862 Nellie Contreras September 2, 1884- May I2 > I 93 Benj . B. Coit, M. D. 1 801 - 1 867 EllaH. Crowell May 12, 1825 -October 31, 1883 Ashes of Charles H. Crowell Plot 2516 My Brother William Curry Died September 30, 1 867 Aged 54 years Horace F. Cutter Boston July 4, 1 821 - July 13, 1900 Lewis Cutting August 29, 1 804 - August 26, 1 889 Calvary Cemetery Inscriptions: George H. Hossefross 1 826 - 1 864 Edward Martin March 3, 1819 -May 12, 1880 Dr. Joseph E. Pissis August 10, 1 8 10- November 12, 1880 Eugene Casserley 1 820 -1883 William S .O'Brien 1 826 1 878. James Donahue Died in August, 1 862 Peter S. Donahue Died June 3, 1910 Charles Cora Native of Italy Died May 22, 1 856 Aged 40 years Arabella Cora Died February 1 8, 1 862 Aged 35 years D Samuel Isaac De Wolfe Born March 17, 1822 Commander of Steamship Brother Jonathan Lost at sea July 30, 1 865 Buried September 15,1 865 Marie E. De Wolf March 5, 1 906 Plot 1 542 Elizabeth Dennington, wife of Henry Fairfax Williams Born October 16, 1836, in Virginia Died May 17, 1862, Sonoma, Cal. Eugene DeSabla Plot 2626 May 3, 1873 James Deering 1 794 -1882 Alexander Deering 1832- 1875 James Henry Deering 1 823 - 1 899 With their families William De Koven Passed Midshipman in the U. S. Navy who died on board the sloop Ewing in the Harbor of San Francisco May 30, 1851, engaged in Pacific Coast survey Born Middleton, Conn., May 9, 1824. Thos. W.Dickens of Washington, D.C. January 8, i8io-March 15, 1875 Wilhelm Albert Diel Died August 16, 1853 Aged 5 years 13 days Mary Diel Died August 4, 1 856 Aged 2 years 6 weeks 68 LONE MOUNTAIN Maurice Dore Died October 3, 1895 Aged 73 years Charlotte Dore Mary Etta Carter 1872 - 1923 Lawrence Duncan A Native of Scotland Plot 1852 Died November 20, 1 869 Aged 68 years & 9 months Ann McRae Duncan Died May 1 5, 1 875 Aged 74 years & 5 months Lawrence M. Duncan March 17, 1835 ~ May 23, 1930 Sebastian Duncan Died December 27, 1882 Livingston Duncan October 19,1 847 - November 5,1881 Allen Livingston Duncan August 13, 1873 - July 5, 1927 John M. Duncan Born in England April 29, 1 832 - May 30, 1 873 Clara L. Duncan Died February, 1 937 Joseph Eberhardt Native of Germany Died February 20, 1864 Aged 45 years Captain Oliver Eldridge 1 8 1 8 - 1902 John S. Follansbee Died November 26, 1 875 Aged 53 years Father of John G. Follansbee Died December 15, 1914 Cecilia Keene Mother Died November 28, 1863 Aged 55 years Samuel Foster June 14, 1842 - June 15, 1903 Helen Louise, wife of Samuel Foster Died July 28, 1 88 1 Aged 33 years Dr. Victor J. Fourgeaud April 8,1817- January 2, 1 875 Isaac Friedlander 1824 - 1878 (wife Priscilla) Carey Friedlander 1858 - 1917 Harry Friedlander 1862 - 1916 Arthur French Aged 30 Lost his life in the performance of his duty as chief officer of P. M. S. S. Company's ship Northerner off Cape Mendocino, January 5, 1860 Sacred to the memory of Mort. Fulton Chief Engineer of the steamship Golden Age Born October 25, 1826 Died November 27, 1856 He leaves a wife and two children who mourn his loss Erected by his numerous friends and brother officers of the P. M. S. S. Co. Monument erected by the German General Benevolent Society Here rests the first Superintendent of the Dutch Hospital Carl Lud Lubberseimer 1 2 March 1 864 47 years of age E. H. Pflueger Superintendent of Hospital 1880 - 1890 Died Sep- tember 1890. Dr. Horatio B. Gates 1810-1878 Dr. V. Bruce Gates 1 844 - 1 877 Jos6 Godoy The Mexicans of California and Nevada and his family dedicate this monument to his memory INSCRIPTIONS COPIED FROM HEADSTONES 69 Bertha M. Goldaracena Wife of Ramon Goldaracena Died August 25, 1888 Aged 26 years Oh! ma fille cherie E. Gourdon Ici repose Gourdon Rene Antoine ne a Nantes (France) le 2 Octobre 1814 decide a San Francisco le 29 Decembre 1885 "Gone All Gone" George Gordon 1 8 20 - 1 8 69 Helen Mar Gordon 1 845 - 1 874 Lawrence Gottig Born in Germany March 28, 1827 - November 10, 1893 Matthias Gray 1828-1887 Nathaniel Gray Died April 24, 1889 Aged 60 years Arabella Greene Plot of William Greene Millen Griffith 1827-1896 Joseph Channing Gummer 1799 - 1 853 Sarah Gummer 1815-1879 Robert Gunn Died July 20, 1890 Aged 74 years 1 1 months H Jerome Alfred Hart September 6, 1 854 - January 3, 1937 Arthur P. Hayne (M. D.) September 30, 1822 -October 15, 1888 Rob't Y. Hayne Buried December 30, 1866 Aged 7 years Arthur Hayne September 19, 1856 -October 25, 1883 Thomas E. Haven, son of James E. Haven Born Downieville, April 1, 1865 Martha E. Hallidie Died February 17, 1937 Aged 91 years Andrew Smith Hallidie March 1 6, 1 838 - April 24, 1 900 Major-General Joshua P. Haven June 1,1817- November 24, 1860 J.J. Heath 1815-1878 Mother William Heath 1810-1850 Father W. D. Heath 1851-1888 Brother Richard Hellmann January 26, 1821 -January 20, 1902 Mary Melchora Wife of Richard Hellmann October 24, 1828- July 5, 1 890 Lady Florence Emily Fermor Hesketh daughter of Wm. Sharon Died September 25, 1924 Aaron C. Hendly and Harriet A. Hendley, his wife George W. Hittell Born Hamilton, Ohio 1 834 - 1 867 Amelia C. Hittell July 14, 1821 - November 27, 1888 Milo Hoadley Died May 19, 1887 Aged 78 years A Pioneer Sarah E. Hoadley Died August 24, 1890 Aged 78 years Barren H. Morgan Aged 6 months Capt. Wm. Hobron Born N.Y. City November 25, 1824 -December 30, 1883 Geo. W. Hobron June 4, 1 826 - January 1 2, 1 899 Isabella Wife of Geo. Hobron Died April 24, 1 864 Aged 36 years Edward Bivins Holmes January 29, 1907 Roberta Taylor Holmes July 9, 1 902 Colonel Joseph P. Hoge 1811-1891 Oliver Hoff, M.D. Native of Georgia Died December 21, 1879 Aged45 years Eugene B. Hornung, M. D. October 3, 1864 -October 16, 1908 Gustave Hornung Native of Germany February i, 1824 - April 13, 1900 Pauline Hornung September 29, 1823 - December 16, 1909 70 LONE MOUNTAIN Benjamin Franklin Hardy, M. D. Native of Kennebunck, Me. Born First Month 28, 1 806 Died Eleventh Month 22, 1886 Mrs. Abby Hardy January 23, 1 8 1 2 - November 1 2, 1 879 Widow of Rev. Francis Horton of Barrington, R. I. Hooker - Stewart Foote - Aldrich Senator Wm. M. Stewart's plot No. 612 William Hood Engineer Died August 26, 1926 Annie (first) wife of Wm. Hood Died July 13, 1874 Alexander H. Houston Died February 27, 1869 Aged 43 years David H. Houston Died June 21, 1864 Aged 61 years A. H. Houston was awarded the contract for constructing two sections of the sea wall at the rate of $278 per lineal foot Capt. Henry P. Hulbert October n, 1813 -October 27, 1864 Judge John Hunt 1 842 - 1 924 Mary Supple Hunt Mother 1820-1896 James Hutchinson John G. Us July 27, 1 8 22 - January 29, 1 8 89 Native of Germany Captain John Ingram Died April 20, 1 875 Aged 5 1 years Nathan Jones Pioneer of '49 Died August 23, 1 883 Aged 59 years William Greenwood Josselyn February 18, 1878 - July 17, 1878 Col. Charles C. Keeney Surgeon U. S. Army Died January 30, 1883 Elizabeth Ruth Keeney January 8, 1898 Julius Kahn Patriot - Statesman 1861-1924 Home of Peace George L. Kenny February 10, 1 823 - January 30, 1 902 George L. Kenny, Jr. January 11,1865- December 3, 1 895 George Hubert Kenny 1855 - 1 861 Solomon P. Kimball Died April 7, 1886 Aged 70 years Adelaide, his wife Died October 1 6 1 866 Aged 34 years James L. King Anna E., wife of Cameron H. King Died July i, 1879 Aged 28 years Ella J., wife of C. H. King Died January 22, 1901 Aged 38 years Lewis D. Bissell Buried December 2, 1861 Theodore Kirchhoff Born at Vetersen, Holstein, in 1 8 28 Died in San Francisco March 2, 1 899 Odd Fellows Columbarium Henry Kiszler Native of Germany Died July 5, 1899 Aged 75 years Anna M. Kiszler May 2, 1 824 - April 4, 1 872 Jacob C. Kiszler November 25, 1859- January 29, 1872 J. G. Kittredge Native of N. H. Died October 9, 1882 Aged 82 years Capt. G. W. Knight Died December 12, 1868 41 years of age Luther Knight Died September 6, 1 893 Catharine D. Knight Died January 8, 1 893 Natives of Maine William H. Kruse November 8, 1860 - January 23, 1900 Edward Kruse (President California Pioneers 1889 - 1890) Native of Aldenby, Germany August 17, 1829 - November 1, 1896 J. W. Ladd Died February 28, 1871 Aged 38 years J. M. Ladd Died March 4, 1 882 Aged 23 years INSCRIPTIONS COPIED FROM HEADSTONES 71 Sarah Lambert, daughter of Capt. John Lambert, Mass. 1 849 - 1 870 Patterson C. Lander Born Hopkinsville, Kentuckey March 2, 1807 Died San Francisco January 2, 1 874 (Elizabeth, his wife) Capt. Wm. F. Lapidge August 13, 1822 - September 18, 1900 Mary A. Lapidge Died February 27, 1910 Aged 81 years Eugene Lies A California Pioneer Charlotte E. Lies Gustav M. Lisser 1885-1911 Louis Lisser 1850-1919 Erich Emanuel Lisser October 7, 1883 - January 27, 1887 Charles G. Bryant Died July 1 2, 1 864 Aged 36 years Johanna Bryant Marcus Died August 23, 1923 Gustav Marcus March 26, 1852- January 7, 1926 Dorette Lapfgeer 22 July 1 829 - 13 April 1 876 Ashes of William Aug. Lapfgeer John Logan Died August 16,1 864 Aged 49 years A Dashaway Davis Louderback Died March 8, 1 878 Aged 74 years 6 months Charles L. Low Born in Maine April 1,1819- May 9, 1 877 M James T. McDougall Born in New York Died April 22, 1900 Lucy O. McDougall Died July 26, 1 883 Aged 60 years Mrs. Anna S. Gauley purchased plot in October 1869 Henry McKenna A Native of Scotland Late second officer of the steamship Ajax who was drowned June 27, 1868, off Cape San Lucas while in the discharge of his duty. Aged 37 years Erected by his wife Charles McLaughlin 1878 J. W. McCollam Laughlin McLaine Robert McMillan Died January 5, 1 882 In his 77th year Lutitia Macondray Wife of Horace Davis R. D. Marshall of New York Buried July 5, 1 872 Dr. John L. Meares 1829-1888 Born in North Carolina Peter Metcalfe Born Manchester, England October 13, 1808 - Nov. 19, 1882 Gerrett Middlehoff Native of Germany February 28, 1822 - May 23, 1896 Minnie, wife of Gerrett Middlehoff Died January 1 5, 1 877 Aged 43 years Gerrett F. Middlehoff August 9, 1857- December 19, 1885 John Middleton Born in Philadelphia June i, 181 1 - January 8, 1874 Plot 1559 Samuel P. Middleton Died July 29, 1908 Aged 69 years Gouverner Morris Died June 1 2, 1 875 I yr. Gen'l Simpson Plot Robert Morris of New York August 22, 1838 - November 15, 1901 N Thomas J. Nevins, born in Hanover, New Hampshire, June 5, 1795; died i n Silver City, Nevada Territory, January 14, 1861. The first agent of the American Tract Society on this Coast. A Pioneer in the interest of Reli- gion, Temperance, Charity and Good Morals and a promoter of the 72 LONE MOUNTAIN organization and labor of man lending assistance to the advancement of the Public Welfare. The Board of Education and Citizens of San Fran- cisco unite in erecting this monument to his memory as the Founder of Common Schools in this City and State, and as the first Superintendent of Common Schools in San Francisco. Wm. Waterman Neal Died January 7, 1 888 Aged 66 years Mary, wife of Isaac T. Crum Died August 31, 1886 Agedj2 years Isaac T. Crum 1 846 - 1 907 H. M. Newhall Died March 13, 1882 Aged 56 years 10 months Henry G. Newhall 1853-1 903 Clara Adelaide Newlands 18 53 -1882 Calvary Cemetery Mary Ann Sharon 1 833 - 1 875 Calvary Cemetery Dr. Robert Kennedy Nuttall 1815-1881 Carmelita D. N. Coleman, wife of J. V. Coleman Died April 13, 1919 Marie A. Pierre 1 820 - 1 896 William M. Nugent Native of Ireland August 6, 1806 - December 1 6, 1871 O Benjamin Ober, M. D. Died May 13, 1867 Aged 61 years John Orr The First Inhabitant of this Silent City Interred June loth, 1854 Christian Oppermann Born Germany 18 July 1826-15 July 1887 Ruhe Seine Asche Cornelius O'Meara Died September 18,1857 Aged 45 years William S. O'Brien 1826 - May 2, 1878 Calvary Cemetery Estelle Dor Cherie Dor Waiting John G. Owles 1851-1 892 C. Pace A. D. Grimwood Plot 291 Charles Pace Born London, England June 22, 1 8 1 5 - December 1 9, 1 897 Ashes of Adolphus D. Grimwood Wm. H. J. S. Grimwood Born France July 14, 1827 -November 17, 1890 James Palache 1 834 - 1906 Edward Parker Died October 20, 1 86 1 Aged 5 1 years John Parker Printer Died 13 December, 1868 Aged 32 years Mrs. Anastasia Patten who died in 1888 Edmund Patten who died in 1 872 Edward M. Patten, Jr., wife Clara May 25, 1 847 - February 18, 1886 Ann Fremlett Perrin Dr. E. B. Perrin Died June 17, 1883 Aged 39 years Henry A. Perry Born in Philadelphia December 25, 1 825 - January 22, 1 862 Henry H. Peterson May 10, 1902 Henry Pierce William Pierce Lewis Pierce Ira Pierce Marshall Pierce Born at Standish, Maine 1823 - 1900 Orestes Pierce 1 853 - 1903 Buried at Oakland, California Amelia A. Pierce 1834-1886 James P. Pierce 1 825 - 1 897 INSCRIPTIONS COPIED FROM HEADSTONES 73 Walter J. H. Piper January 22, i832-April 19, 1887 Native of Newburyport Rebecca, his wife 1 830 - 1 864 Isaac Pixley Died February 7, 1 8 80 92 years of age John L. Van Reynegom Died October 27, 1 878 69 years and 5 months William Pixley Died September 14, 1881 Aged 59 years Fanny Morrison Weller Wife of Herbert Bird Weller, May 22, 1 868 - August 9, 1 895 Henry Proll Born in Germany Died December 22, 1889 Aged 65 years R Benjamin Harrison Randolph Died August 1 1, 1872 59 years of age Lizzie, wife of John H. Reddington Died February 17, 1861 Aged 31 years T. H. Rearden Co. E 34th Ohio Infantry Dora, wife of George Robinson Died January 8, 1 888 Aged 44 years AMARIS F. Robert Born El Sass Lothringen August 5, 1 872 Aged 65 years Frederick Roeding December 30, 1824- July 17, 1910 Elizabeth Rogers Died July 1 1 , 1 869 35 years Daniel Rogers Plot Rebecca Clay Rogers Died August 9, 1 904 83 years of age Andrew Roman Native of Bavaria Died March 19, 1869 Aged 35 years James Ross Born in Scotland March 14, 1814- December 26, 1862 Thos. Roylange Co. A 3 1 st N. Y. Infantry William Roylange Co. F I73rd N. Y. Infantry John Rule 1818-1870 Capt. Thos. Seely, died April 27, 1868, 44 years of age. This monument erected to the memory of a faithful sailor who whilst in the midst of his duties as Commander of the Steamship Senator^ was snatched away from this life by the explosion of the steam boiler of the Ada Hancock in the harbor of San Pedro, April 27th, 1868. As an efficient seaman, a firm friend and generous companion he had no superior. E. C. M. Chadwick September 13, 1818 -April 16, 1865 Capt. Thomas W. Lyles Born South Carolina December 20, 1813- June 13, 1864 Bailey Sargent 1824-1889 Henry Schmiedel Died 1 895 General Washington Sewall 1 802 -1888 Bishop Sheldon Native of N.Y. Died July 7, 1869 47 years of age Theodore Shillaber March 18, 1820- January 14, 1863 William Shiels, husband of Sarah Esdale Lynham April 22, 1 826 -October 21, 1895 George C. Shreve Died October 1 3, 1 893 Charles H. Simpkins 1 827 - 1 893 Sophronia M., wife of W. H. Smith Died Gold Hill, Nev., March 12, 1872 Benj. C. Soule November 22, 1865 35 years of age Plot 1519 Spotts U. S. Navy Jenny, beloved wife of A. T. Spotts Died May 2, 1 883 C. Spreckels 74 LONE MOUNTAIN Lovell Squire April 1 8, 1 837 - August 29, 1 885 Sarah A. Squires Native of Mass. Died May 7, 1 866 Aged 40 years Plot 1 531 on Jessamine Path, south of plot purchased by David McDougal Wm. Jay Smith 1840-1914 Capt. George A. Staples, wife Catharine April 24, 1 823 - October 1 2, 1 861 Dr. Eduard Staub April 1 6, 1 832 - July 1 5, 1 869 Francis Marion Stevens Native of Maine February 20, 1832 - April 25, 190x3 Marion Sophia Stevens 1839 - 1924 Child of Lieutenant H. E. Stewart Born at the Presidio, July 28, 1878 Died Fort Snelling, Minn. January 31, 1882 Child of Lieutenant Wm. F. Stewart, U. S. Army David Anthony Stoddart Born at Chantilly 1 5 October 1 809 - 1 8 January 1882 Emmie Sharratt Stoney 1 873 - 1 933 Frank Gray Stoney 1874- 1932 William Adams Bailey 1859-1922 Capt. Joseph Sutton Died July 23, 1869 Aged 43 years Isaac Swan March 23, 1 800 - September 15,1888 AnnTasker Wife of Isaac Swan 1810-1885 Captain F. P. Sweet May 1 6, 1 8 1 5 - April 15,1880 Robert B. Swain July 23, 1 822 - June 14, 1 872 VIXIT VIVIT Clara Fillmore, wife of Robert B. Swain May 7, 1824- August 21, 1863 George H. Fillmore, A.M., Class of 1847 Brown University Died February 4, 1867 A. J. Taylor Died September 28, 1 858 Aged 45 years Alfred Taylor Died June 11,1862 Aged 8 years Amandus Fenkhausen Died March 27, 1886 62 years In memory of our parents Wilhelmina Fenkhausen Died August 10, 1882 53 years of age Lucy, wife of B. B. Thayer July 26, 1831- October 29, 1 878 Edward Russell Theller Vermont Lieutenant 21 Infantry June 17, 1877 Dr.HugoHugerToland 1806-1880 Daniel Toy Died January 22, 1871 70 years of age Richard Stanford Toppan Lost his life in the China Sea October 30, 1862 Captain Timothy K. Tripp of Boston 1818-1857 William Henry Tripp Died April 1 5, 1 854 Aged 33 years J.L.Tracy 1816-1868 Margaret A. Tracy 1810-1875 Sarah Troutt Died June 10, 1860 14 years, 2 months, 18 days Rev. Philip Tuggle March 9, 1 8 1 5 - January 7, 1 896 He was a good man and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith Thomas R. Tuggle Died at San Francisco, April 29, 1877, in the 59th year of his age. A sinner saved by grace. Joseph P. Meux Born April 1 2, 1 847 Died February 6, 1 899 William H. Twombly 1 824 - 1 860 George W. Upp February 22, 1875 -October 14, 1904 Cal. Vol. Co. F ist Reg. Plot of James S. Wheelan INSCRIPTIONS COPIED FROM HEADSTONES 75 Robert I . Van De Water December 7, 1 809 - September i o, 1 867 Annie Sophia Hurd, his wife October 8,1815- October 20, 1 894 Isaac S. Van Winkle August 5, 1825- January 13, 1881 Isabella Van Winkle Born Manchester, England, December 17, 1833 Died in San Francisco, January 24, 1910 Lawrence E. Van Winkle December 30, 1870- January 4, 1906 Ada Van Winkle Hiller J. L. Ver Mehr and David S. Turner Plot 1 23 J. L. Ver Mehr Died January 1 8, 1 886 Aged 77 years John M. Ver Mehr Died October 1 8, 1884 Aged 42 years Captain John Van Pelt Died September 29, 1 8 53 Aged 39 years Patience W., wife of John Van Pelt Died February 14, 1852 36 years of age Mrs. Frances Verdenal Died February 25, 1 862 Aged 42 years W Dr. Henry Francis Wagner May 14, 1 896 - October 24, 1927 Charles Otis Wardwell October 9, 1821 -October 30, 1866 Charles Otis Wardwell Son of C. O. and Sarah M. Wardwell March 24, 1 866 - April 9, 1 868 Leon McLeod Baldwin November 5, 1840- August 19, 1887 Mammy Sarah 1779-1869 James T. Watkins Born in Maryland November 20, 1 808 Died in Harbor of Nagasaki November 12, 1867 Captain of Pacific Mail S.S. Colorado Charles L. Weller Died February 19, 1885 Aged 63 years 5 months Louis Westerfeld I September 1 849 -19 February 1 899 Louis Westerfeld 1 2 February 1826-26 November 1 903 Heinrich Ahlers December 30, 1835- June J 7> 1864 Adelherd, Frau von Louis Westerfeld Cremated Colonel John O. Wheeler Died Redondo Beach, California, April 1 1 , 1 899 William Wainwright March 27, 1 901 67 years of age Mary Esther Pridham August 6, 1 849 - July 29, 1906 Mary Frances Pridham Died August 31, 1876 Lewin Wethered, born in Maryland, 1 834. Lost his life by S. P. R. R. accident at Tehachapi, January 20, 1 883. William Frank Whittier 1832-1917 William R. Whittier 1869-1921 Maria K. Wiard, wife of Edward Wiard Died July 21, 1864 Wm. Jay Smith 1840-1914 De Witt Clinton Willoughby October 31,1814- August 8, 1 875 Edwin K. Whipple March 28, 1 827 - March 14, 1 892 Stephen March 26, 1860 -November i, 1914 Stephen Brown Whipple November 1 1, 1820- July 6, 1868 Sarah, his wife Henry Brown Williams January 24, 1 820 - February 8, 1 890 Mary Elizabeth Williams 1823 - 1900 Mary Louise, wife of Alfred Poet and only daughter of above Born Brooklyn, L. L, February 1 6, 1850 Died Santa Barbara January 28, 1892 76 LONE MOUNTAIN John Willi ams Native of Swansea, Wales Died March 22, 1 8 8 8 Aged 67 years D. W. F. Bisbee] Born in Genesee Co. N. Y. Died May 8,1885 A ged 66 years John J. Willi ams Native of Swansea, Wales Died January 16,1892 Aged 47 years Joseph Atkins Died at Watson ville January u, 1891 48 years of age Sergeant James A. Wilson Native of Baltimore, Md. Died August 1 1, 1888 Frederick E. Wilke Died October 29, 1 8 8 1 62 years of age Carlotta Mary Wilke Died May 27, 1 878 32 years of age Charles J. Wingerter October 3, 1 8 1 6 - June 1 2, 1 896 Caroline, his wife February 2, 1831 -August 28, 1902 Kittie J., wife of Wm. Winter Died November 1 1, 1 893 Aged 24 years Silas White Robert E. Woods Died April 17, 1 858 Aged 33 years Oliver Wyman 1818-1868 Also Joan 1812-1878 Also Geo. A. 1848-1903 Geo. W.Dunn 1866-1879 Mother 1845-1913 Isaac H. Schillenger 1 825 - 1 896 Edward M. Wynants Native of San Francisco December 25, 1868 -November 5, 1888 Peter Wynants Born in Holland Died August 13, 1 876 Aged 51 years Gregory Yale Died June 1 6, 1 871 Aged 54 years Charles Gregory Yale Born in Florida Died March 25, 1926 Aged 78 years Anna M. Younger Died October 7, 1 882 36 years of age Mrs. A. F. Younger Died July 19, 1878 61 years of age A. F. Younger Died May 27, 1 878 77 years of age Herbert L. Younger Died December 1 8, 1 925 55 years of age Annie Elizabeth MacDonald Died December 29, 1934 61 years of age Ernest Zahn September 2, 1 828 - February 23, 1889 Dr. Frederick Zeile 1 809 - 1 884 JohnZeile August 13, 1819- August 20, 1881 James Vander Zweip Died March 6, 1 887 43 years of age INDEX OF NAMES PART I CONQUEST OF CALIFORNIA BANCROFT, George, 2, 4. Boggs, L. W., 12. Broadway Wharf, 46, 48, 51-55. Buchanan, James, 2. Burnett, Gov., 23. CAHUENGA, Rancho, 8. Calhoun, John C., 23, 27, 28, 35, 36. Carson, Kit, 4, 5. Castro, General, 3, 41. Clark, Wm. S., 33, 45, 47- Clark's Point, 45-56. Clay, Henry, 23-29, 36, 38. Colton, Rev. Walter, 3, 13. Cook, Captain, 42. DAVIS, Jefferson, 23. Douglas, Stephen A., 30. FLORES, Jose Maria, 5, 7. Folsom, Capt. Joseph L., 33. Fremont, Capt. John C., 2-4, 9-12, 23. GILBERT, Edward, 23. Guadalupe Hildalgo, Treaty of, 1 6. Gwin, Dr. Wm., 20, 23. HALLECK, Lieut. H. W., 10, 14, 22. Houston, Col. Sam, 34. Howard, W. D. M., 50. JACKSON, President, 34. Jefferson, Thomas, 42. Jones, Commodore, I. KEARNY, Gen. Stephen A., 4, 5, 9-12 LEDYARD, John, 42. Leidesdorff, W. A., 45. Lewis and Clark, 42. Lincoln, President, 23. Lone Star Republic, 35. Long Wharf, 52. MARCY, William L., 2. Mason, Col. R. B., 11-18. McNamara, Father, 43, 44. Merritt, Dr. Samuel, 55. Mervine, Capt., 5. Mofras, Duflot de, 42. ORD, Lieut. E. O. C., 10. Pio, Pico, Governor, 3, 15. Polk, James K., 39. 40. RILEY, Gov. Bennett, 17-24, 28. SEWARD, Wm. H., 23, 29. Seymour, Admiral, 44. Shannon, Wm. E., 20 Sherman, Wm. T., 16. Shubrick, Wm. B., 10. Slidell, John, i. Sloat, Commodore, I, 43. Stockton, Commodore R. F., 3, 5, 9. Sutter, Captain, 49. TAYLOR, Bayard, 50. Taylor, Gen. Zachary, 24, 25, 39. Town Council, First, 45. Trist, N. P., 40. Tyler, John, 35, 38. VAN BUREN, President, 35. WEBSTER, Daniel, 23-29, 37, 40. Wharf at Clark's Point, 45-46. Wilkes, Commodore, 42. Willey, Rev. S. H., 13, 28. Wright, George M., 23. YERBA Buena, 4, 48, 49. PART II LONE MOUNTAIN AGASSIZ, Alexander, 45. Alvord, William, 50. Aitken, Robert, 31. Amundsen, Roald, 61. Arguello, Concepti6n, 25. Don Louis, 25. Don Jose, 25. BALTIMORE Clippers, vii. Babcock, William, 55. William F., 55. Baker, Col. E. D., 1-6, 11. Bancroft, C. C., 8. Barnes, W. H. L., 42. Bartlett, Washington A., 14, 15, 1 6, 1 8. Bartlett, Washington, 44. Beale, Edward F., 22. Bensley, John, 58. Bonner, John, 41. Booth, Edwin, 43. Junius Brutus, 4, 43. Borglum, Gutzon, 38. Bosworth, Mary C., 55. William, 55. Briones, Juana, 18. Broderick, Senator, I, 2, 35. Bromley, Uncle George, 27. Brown, A. Page, 39. Brown, John Henry, 13. Bruguiere, Emil, 54. Bryant, A. J., 51. Bryant, Dr. Edmund G., 51. Eva, 51. Burnett, Peter, 31. Byrne, Harry, 33. CLARK of Clark's Point, r, 5, 12-24, 35> 42, 48, 54- Clark, Abraham, 53. Dr. Jonathan, 53. William S., 32-35, 45-49, 54. Clark, Wm. Squire, Monument, facing p. 1 6. Canby, Gen. E. R. S., 60, 61. Dr. Israel, 60. Central Park, N. Y., viii. Chavanne, Andr, 54. Clover, Richardson, 7. PART II LONE MOUNTAIN Continued Cole, Cornelius, 6. Colton, Walter, 8. Cook, Elisha, 33. Cooper, Elias S., 33. Cora, Charles, 3, 5. Cowles, Samuel, 34. Cremony, John C., 27. Crittenden, Alex. P. L., 33. Cunningham, John M., 53. Currey, Judge John, 29, 34. DANA, Richard Henry, vii, 49. Deering, Frank P., 80. Delmas, D. M., 33. Denver, J. W., 12. Derleth, Charles, Jr., 59. Donahue, James, 50. Mervyn, 49. Michael, 49. Peter, 49, 50. Peter S., 50. Dressier, Albert, 24. EWER, Ferdinand, 43, 44, 45. Peter F., 43. FARALLONES, viii, 51. Fair, James G., 9, 35. Fair, Laura D., 33. Farquhar, Mrs. Robt., 7. Fisher, Harrison, 38. Fitch, Geo. K., 41. Flying Cloud, vi. Folsom, Capt., 5, n, 12. Foote, Gen. Lucius H., Envoy. Forbes, A. B., 55. French, Daniel C., 60. GILBERT, Edward, 12. Gjoa Expedition, 61. Gerberding, Albert, 41. CO., 41. Golden Gate Bridge, 23, 59. Grant, Adam, 51. Joseph D., 51. Grant, General, 29, 50, 51, 52, 53. Gray, Nathaniel, 56. Gray's Elegy, 56. Greenwood Cemetery, viii. Gwin, Wm. M., 4, 5. HALVY, Ludovic, 52. Hart, Jerome A., 9, 38, 39, 40. Harte, Bret, 25. Harte, Bret, 57. Hager, Judge, 3. Haight, Fletcher M., 30. Henry H., 30. Louis M., 31. Hallidie, Andrew S., 49. Harlan, Aaron, 32. Harvey, Mrs. Leroy, 30. Hastings, Robt. P., 34. S. C, 34. Hawes, Horace, 33-34. Hemphill, Rev. John, 34. Hermenegeldo Sal, 25. Herold, Rudolph, 44. Herzstein, Dr. Morris, 54. Hoge, Col., 33. Hooker, R. C., 8. Hulbert, Capt. Henry P., 55. Hull, Joseph B., 13, 15, 1 8. Hutchinson, James S., 80. JEROME, Theodore, 4. Johnson, Wm. Pierce, 35. Johnson, President, 31. Judah, Mrs., 42. KAW Indian Treaty, 13. Keith, William, 39. Kellogg, Walter Y., 80. Kimball, Chas. P., 48. King, James, of William, 40. King, Thomas Starr, 2, 50, 59, 60. Kip, Rev. W. I., Envoy. Kittredge, Jonathan, 52. Joseph, 52. Knight, Samuel, 54, 55. LAUREL Hill, 1-80. Lake View Cemetery, viii. Larkin, Alfred O., 26. Thomas O., 24-26. Lees, Capt. I. W., i. L'Enfant, Pierre, 9. Leidesdorff, W. A., 12, 24. Lick, James, 62. Lincoln, Abraham, 3, 4, 50. Lisser, Dr. Louis, 44. Lloyd, Reuben H., 6, 35. Low, Frederick F., 31. Luning, Nicholas, 53. Lyman, Dr. George, 43. Luning Monument, facing p. 20. MACKAY, Clarence H., 52. Mrs. John W., 51, 52. McAllister, Elliott, 80. McAllister, Cutler, 31. Hall, 32. Dr. Henry F., 32. Julian, 32 Mathew Hall, 32. Ward, 32. McDougal, David, 31. John, 31. McDougall, James A., 5-7, 35. MacMonnies, Frederick, 7. Macondray, Frederick W., 51. William A., 51. Marston, Ward, 16. Marye, George T., 53. Massenet, 29. Miller, Gen. John F., 7, 27. Mason, Colonel, 24. Merrill, Annis, 34. Mills, D. O., 8. Misroon, Lieut., 21. Modoc Indian Chiefs, 60. Morrow, Robert F., 51. NAHL, Charles and Arthur, 38. PART II LONE MOUNTAIN Continued NAHL, Perham, 39. Virgil, 39. Nash, John Henry, Envoy. Newhall, Edwin W., 80. Newlands, Francis G., 8, 9. Nisbet, James, 41. Norris, Frank, 63. O'DAY, Edward F., 58, 64. O'Connell, Daniel, 42. Osbourne, Lloyd, 63. Otis, James, 50. PAGES, Jules, 38. Patigian, Haig, 60, 64. Pearsons, Col. Hiram, 54. Peters, Charles Rollo, 37. Pickering, Loring, 41. Pierce, Henry, 35. Ira, 35. Lewis, 35. William, 35. Pine Haven, viii. Polk, Willis, 62. Pollock, Edward, 28, 45, 46, 47. Port of San Francisco, facing p. 8. Porter, Bruce, 62. Porter, David, 54. Eliza V., 54. Presidio of S. F., v. Purcell, Charles H., 59. Pyramid of Wm. B. Bourn, 20. REALF, Richard, 27. Ralston, W. C., 8. Rearden, Timothy H., 34. Reis, W. B., 80. Rezanof, Count, 25. Rhodes, William H., 42, 47. Richardson, Marshal, 3, 5. Robertson, Louis A., 37. Robinson, Alfred, 34. Anna M., 34. Rogers, Robt. C., 26. Ryan, Wm. Redmond, 20. Russ, I. C. C., 26. SAL, Hermenegeldo, v, 25. S. F.-Oakland Bay Bridge, 23, 59. Sanderson, Sibyl, 29. Silas W., 29. Sardon, Victorien, 40. Sargent, A. A., 7. Aaron M., 7. Geo. Clark, 7. Sather, Jane K., 54 Pedar, 53. Sawyer, Houghton, 30. Lorenzo, 29, 30. Scannell, David, 27. Scott, Matthew, 29. Selby, Thomas H., 50. Senators, United States, xvi. Serra, Father Junipero, 60. Shafter, James M., 30. Oscar L., 30. Shannon, Thomas B., 33. Sharon, Flora, 51. William, 8, 9, 30, 51. Sharp, Sol., 35. Sherman, Wm. T., 24. Shuck, Oscar J., 8, 56. Sisson, Albert W., 54. Slack, Judge C. W., 9, 10. Smith, G. Frank, 30. Smith, Peter, 36. Stanford, Gov., 29. Stark, Daniel, 24. S. S. Jenny Lind, 55. S. S. Sophie McLane, 55. Stein, A. & M., 52. Sterling, George, 58, 59. Stewart, Wm. M., 8. Stevenson Fountain, facing p. 62. Stevenson, R. L., 38, 62, 63. Robt. A. M., 38. Stevenson, Col. J. D., 26. Stevenson's Regiment, 27. Stewart, Wm. M., 7. Stoddard, Charles Warren, 38, 47, 64. Stoke Pogis, 56. Stoney, Donzel, 80. Strauss, Joseph B., 59. Sutter, General, 19. TAYLOR, Bayard, 22. Terry, Judge David S., I. Tilden, Douglas, 50. Todd, Frank M., Envoy. Tracy, F. P., 34. Tower, Mrs. Charlemagne, 30. Towne, Arthur W., 80. Trinity Churchyard, viii. Trustees of Laurel Hill, 80. Turrill, Chas. B., 56. Typographical Union, Envoy. VANCOUVER, George, v. Van Ness, James, 41. Thomas, 41. Vassault, Ferdinand, 42. Lawrence, 41. Von Schmidt, A. W., 49. E. A., 49. WASHINGTON, George, 9. Wallace, William H., 54. Weber, Captain, 17. Welch, Richard J., 59. Wharf at Clark's Point, facing p .20. Wierzbicki, Dr. Felix P., 44. Williams, Virgil, 38. Williams & Bixler, 32. Wilson, Samuel M., 33. Woodward, Mary, 48. Robt. B., 48. Woodward's Gardens, Envoy. Woodworth Monument, facing p. 16. Woodworth, Commodore, oo. Woodworth, Frederick, 45. Samuel, 44. LAUREL HILL MEMORIAL PARK (Laurel Hill Cemetery Association, a Corporation) Dedicated May 30, 1854 PRESIDIO AVENUE AND BUSH STREET PHONE F!LLMORE 0832 SAN FRANCISCO OFFICERS W. B. REIS, President FRANK P. DEERING, Vice-President DONZEL STONE Y, Treasurer HAROLD L. WRIGHT, Secretary C. E. KRUGER, Superintendent COMMITTEES WALTER Y. KELLOGG JAMES S. HUTCHINSON HAROLD L. WRIGHT FRANK P. DEERING DONZEL STONEY TRUSTEES FRANK P. DEERING JAMES S. HUTCHINSON WALTER Y. KELLOGG EDWIN W. NEWHALL, JR. ELLIOTT MCALLISTER W. B. REIS DONZEL STONEY ARTHUR W. TOWNE HAROLD L. WRIGHT ATTORNEYS MYRICK &f DEERING AND SCOTT CHAPTER XVII GRIEF ON THE PACIFIC COAST GENERAL BAKER BURIED IN SAN FRANCISCO AN UNFULFILLED PLEDGE IF loyal men in the North were grieved and in- censed at the defeat and slaughter at Ball's Bluff, what shall be said of the feeling in that romantic section that supplied the most illustrious vic- tim? "We that had loved him so, followed him, honored him, Lived in his mild and magnificent eye, Learned his great language, caught his clear accents, Made him our pattern to live and to die." Colonel Baker had shone in the National Senate, and we were proud. He had been transcendent at the Bar in California, and we anticipated greater renown for him from professional triumphs in the East. \Ve were told that his speech in Union Square had thrilled the North, and we believed he w r ould in other cities reflect lustre on the coast. He had raised congressional representation from our sec- tion to an influence quite unparalleled, and we exulted. Even Broderick had not equaled Baker's success at the national capital. The subserviency and incorrigibility of his party had left Broderick the inspiration of a faction; Baker had been a com- manding figure in a great party charged with the *S5 GRIEF ON THE PACIFIC COAST sublime task of preserving the Union and establish- ing Liberty. Broderick had been snubbed and his counsels ignored by President Buchanan; Baker was the close friend and trusted adviser of President Lincoln. And Baker had come out of the Mexican War with such prestige that we never doubted he would win fresh laurels in this later conflict. We fully expected he would live to enjoy the sweetness of his fame. The shattering of our hopes came suddenly and in a manner that was peculiarly shocking. The overland telegraph had been completed. The cus- tomary messages had passed between officers of the telegraph company and congratulations had been exchanged by government dignitaries on the ex- treme boundaries of the land. Only those who dwelt beyond the Sierras when it took months to exchange communications with parents and homes in the States can imagine or appreciate the joy and enthusiasm that throbbed in every heart in Cali- fornia and Oregon. In that same hour, by the first news dispatch telegraphed westward across the continent, came tidings of the defeat of a Union army and the death of Colonel Baker. 1 In one of 1 Bancroft, vol. vn, p. 293, carelessly errs in stating that this was "the first through dispatch on the completed overland telegraph." Besides the exchanges mentioned above, an earlier dispatch was the following: "SAN FRANCISCO, October 24, 8.07 P.M. Editor Tran- script, Boston. All hail! A new bond of union between the Pacific and Atlantic. The lightning now gceth out of the West and speaks even to the East. Heaven preserve the Republic and bless old Bos- ton from hub to rim. THOMAS STARR KINO." THE CONTEST FOR CALIFORNIA 286 the theatres of San Francisco the news of the com- pletion of the telegraph and the words of the first messages transmitted were read from the stage by Edwin Booth, arousing great enthusiasm. Later in the evening Mr. Booth read the tidings of the death of Colonel Baker. The revulsion of feeling, the stun, the grief, the gloom are indescribable; and afterwards the rage. In several towns disloyalists who expressed gratification were roughly handled; in San Francisco several were hanged for a time to the street gas-posts. Funeral and commemorative services were held in many cities and mining - camps. The courts everywhere adjourned as a mark of respect, after eloquent tributes from judges and eminent mem- bers of the Bar. At Portland, Oregon, Mr. Simeon Francis presided at a memorial meeting a man who "knew Colonel Baker before he entered public or political life." The Reverend Thomas H. Pearne delivered an address, in the course of which he said, "Facts which transpired in this state recently show that Senator Baker's early faith in the divine origin of Christianity and his respect for its morali- ties had not wavered or diminished." The Jacksonville (Oregon) "Sentinel" 1 pub- lished the following letter from the Colonel, written a month before his death, when every one was look- ing to General McClellan to say the word for the Army of the Potomac to advance: 1 November 2, 1861. 281 BALL'S BLUFF AND DEATH OF BAKER now with forensic, skill, while his whole effort was elevated by a charming, ever -ready eloquence, which itself was aroused to new power by the in- terruptions he encountered all this is present to your minds. . . . Call him, if you please, the Prince Rupert of battle; he was also the Prince Rupert of debate." The surprise, the thrill, of the occasion was the speech of Mr. McDougall, of California, "a most eloquent speech," says Mr. Arnold, who has already been quoted; "one of the most touching and beau- tiful speeches ever heard in the Senate." Mr. McDougall, in the course of his remarks, said: "He was a many-sided man. Will, mind, power radiated from one centre within him, in all direc- tions; and while the making of that circle, which, according to the dreams of old philosophy, would constitute a perfect being, is not within human hope, he may be regarded as one who at least illus- trated the thought. . . . " He loved freedom if you please, Anglo-Saxon freedom; for he was of that great old race. He loved this land, this whole land. He had done much to conquer it from the wilderness, and by his own acts he had made it his land. " Hero blood is patriot blood. When he witnessed the storm of anarchy with which the madness of depraved ambition sought to overwhelm the land of his choice and love, he heard the battle-call. . . . It was in the spirit of the patriot hero that the gal- lant soldier, the grave Senator, the white-haired man A Calendar of Events recorded at ' SAN FRANCISCO'S LAUREL HILL a_ i JANUARY S M T W T F S 123456 7 8 1O 11 12 13 14 15 10 IT 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3O 31 - I FEBRUARY S M T W T F S 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 25 26 27 28 29 > _.* MARCH 1 S M T W T F S 1 2 3456789 1O 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 1 24 25 26 27 28 29 3O 31 , 1 1 1 J1 APRIL i S M T W T F S 123456 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 P MAY ! S M T W T F S ! 1234 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3O 31 JUNE 1 S M T W T F S ! 1 2345678 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 1 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 ir> < LJ J y=u * JULY . S M T W T F S 123456 . 7 8 9 1O 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 AUGUST S M T W T F S 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1O 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 SEPTEMBER T 1 S M T W T F S 1 1 234567 8 9 1O 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 28 29 3O 31 25 26 27 28 29 3O 31 1 OCTOBER S M T W T F S 12345 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 NOVEMBER S M T W T F S 1 1 2 3456789 1O 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3O 1 DECEMBER I S M T W T F S 1 1 234567 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2O 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3O 31 '