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1597 HISTORIC PROP^TY. Act 3313, 1-3 



Act 3313. Historical Buildings and Landmarks. [Stats. 1931, p. 320; 
Amended by Stats. 1933, p. 717.] 

An act relating to historical buildings and landmarks and to the acceptance thereof 
and the powers, duties and jurisdiction of the Department of Natural Resources in con- 
nection therewith. [Amended by Stats. 1933, p. 717.] 

1. Application to have building or landmark registered. 

2. Requirements for registration. 

3. Register of buildings and landmarks. 

1. Application to have building or landmark registered. Any person in- 
cluding the state of California or any political subdivision thereof owning or 
in possession of any building or landmark which may be of historical interest, 
or any person with the consent of such owner or person in possession, may 
apply to the director of the department of natural resources to have such 
building or landmark listed by the director as a registered state landmark. 

2. Requirements for registration. The director may accept for registra- 
tion any historical building or landmark only in the event that the following 
conditions are complied with: 

(a) Whenever in the judgment of the director the building or landmark 
is of sufficient historical interest. 

(b) Whenever the applicant or applicants for registration of any historical 
building or landmark shall first arrange for the public to have free ingreas 
and egress to such building or landmark. 

(c) Whenever a proper monument is erected upon a landmark with a durable 
plaque affixed to the monument carrying an adequate description of the nature 
and history of such landmark. 

(d) Whenever a durable plaque bearing an adequate description of the nature 
and history of a historical building is affixed to such building. [Amended by 
Stats. 1933, p. 717.] 

3. Register of buildings and landmarks. In the event that the director 
accepts for registration any building or landmark he shall list such building 
or landmark in a register kept for that purpose and shall either affix in a 




After more than three-quarters of a century the ashes of Colonel 
Edward Dickinson Baker are *~ * * including eleven senators, 
upon the most revered of the Seven Hills of San Francisco. On Lone 
Mountain, the Laurel Hill Cemetery has long been known as Pioneer 
Memorial Park. It has been supported by trust funds for the per- 
manent care of the graves it contains, and by other endowments., 
In that open space in the midst of the crowded city, not far from 
the Presidio, with the great bridge that spans the Golden Gate 
plainly in sight, lie the remains of many of the makers of California. 
It was there that Thomas Starr King, with whom Colonel Baker 
shared the fame of saving the state for the Union, pronounced his 
glowing farewell to the man who had been Abraham Lincoln's 

To visit that grave is an experience. Almost at the top of the 
ridge, with a widely sweeping view including the lofty towers of 
the bridge, is the large stone-walled circular plot. At the center 
there lies upon the turf a flat marble slab. From this rise six supports 
holding an inscribed marble "table" upon which are two large 
urns. The inscription reads: 


Born in London, February 2, 1811 

Killed while leading the forlorn hope 

at the Battle of Ball's Bluff, Va., 

October 21, 1861 

At the time of his Death he was a Senator 

of the United States from the State of Oregon 

and, though holding an appointment as 

Major General, was acting as 

Colonel Commanding a Brigade of U. S. Forces 

Enlisted and Organized by Himself. 

Other graves thereabouts are more expensively marked, but none 
is more beautiful and satisfying. Just above it is the massive pyramid 
known as the Bourn Monument. Adjoining is the mausoleum for 
James G. Fair, modeled from the Sainte Chapelle in Paris. The 
monument for Senator Broderick, for whom Colonel Baker de- 
livered a funeral oration that California still remembers, is not far 
removed. Many plain old stones scattered about the wooded grounds 
carry the visitor "back East." From New England and the Middle 
West came many of the thousands buried here, founders of a city 
and an empire. 

Within this mounded circle one lingers to muse over the adven- 
turous life of the restless, generous, impulsive, friendly, bold and 
ambitious man for whom Abraham Lincoln named his second son. 
Brought to America as a child, he arrived in Illinois at the age of 
fifteen and was admitted to the bar while still too young for practice. 
Like Lincoln he served in the Black Hawk War. In Springfield he 
acquired his early reputation as an orator. When the Mexican War 
began, he raised a regiment of volunteers. Santa Anna's wooden leg, 
which his regiment is understood to have captured, is now pre- 
served in Springfield, Illinois. After serving two terms in Congress, 
Colonel Baker began a new career in California. His unusual gifts 

account for his popularity on the coast in the 1850's. With his bold 
face surrounded by fine white hair, they called him "the Gray 
Eagle." They did not like certain causes he championed, but the 
public could not resist his courage. When the killing of Broderick 
in the duel with Terry created a sensation said to have been second 
in California only to the assassination of Lincoln, Colonel Baker's 
oration made the name of that Democratic Senator a symbol of 
devotion to the Union cause. 

Oregon sent for him. He alone might defeat the Secessionist 
Senator, Joseph E. Lane, who would soon be nominated for the 
vice-presidency on the ticket with John C. Breckinridge. Colonel 
Baker did defeat him for the Senate and that victory mightily en- 
couraged the Union forces all the way down the coast. San Francisco^ 
remembers how, a few days before the election of 1860, he made his 
great speech for freedom, and Bret Harte grabbed a flag and led a 
parade through the streets. One likes to recall that on Inauguration 
Day in 1861, after Lincoln had taken the oath of office, it was "the 
Gray Eagle" who introduced to the multitude "the President of the 
United States." 

And there are the stories of the volunteers known as the Cali- 
fornia Regiment which Baker commanded in the Civil War. One 
tale is told of his riding a lathered horse from camp to reply in the 
Senate to a secession speech by Breckinridge. And that trustworthy 
correspondent, Charles Carleton Coffin, tells of the tears streaming 
down the face of the President when he stumbled away from Mc- 
Clellan's headquarters as the tidings came of the death of his old 

They sealed his body in a metal casket and paid him high 
honors. From the Isthmus of Panama the steamship Golden Gate 
brought him back home to Lone Mountain. * * * * * Near 
the Golden Gate is Fort Baker, named for him. The national mili- 
tary cemetery in the Presidio is not far from Laurel Hill. Quite aside 
from his relations with Lincoln, few of the minor figures in our 
history are more deserving of being memorialized. 


Springfield, Illinois 

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1807- ( 









IN 1849, near the middle of the year, 
I landed at Clarke's Point, in San 
Francisco, with high hopes and low- 
funds the lowest of funds, for the three 
round dollars I had just paid to the 
gentleman's son, with the classical 
education and the blue flannel shirt,, for 
pulling me and my chest ashore in his 
flat- bottomed dinghy, were all that 
were left of just ten times that many, 
with which I was ballasted when I 
launched at New York upon my El Do- 
radoward venture. 

" By all means do not encumber your- 
selves with luggage," urged our pruden- 
tial advices from the placers ; and I had 
obeyed the injunction with exemplary 
literalness ; for, as my sophomore wher- 
ryman tossed that imposing box ashore 
with a great clatter, he remembered his 
Virgil, whose 

Rari nantes in gurgite vasto 

exactly described the shovel, pick, and 
bowie-knife contributed by my brothers, 
and the shaving-case, ditty-box, dust- 
pouch and bible, remembered by my 
sisters, and now all adrift within the 
capacious hold of that clumsy galliot of 
a sea-chest. To get my baggage to the 
Parker House, I engaged the commer- 
cial editor of the Alta California, who 
was timeously on the wharf prospect- 
ing for items. He was paid with the 
chest, which, considering the price of 
fire-wood forty dollars a cord was as 
much hire as that editorial laborer was 
worthy of. In less than a week, I 
was wholly disencumbered of luggage, 
the spade having gone for one dinner, 
and the pick for another. I had slept 
three nights on my shaving-case, and 
was shaved with my bowie-knife in- 
stead. All that remained was a pilot- 
cloth pea-jacket, a pair of corduroy 
trowsers, and the bible, which, of 
course, was of no use to anybody but 
the owner. At the rate of twenty- 
four dollars a dozen for washing, and in 
view of the tenderness of my knuckles, 
to say nothing of some hereditary preju- 
dice against the laundry as an occupa- 
tion for a gentleman's son, I rejoiced 
when I had fairly got my last check 
shirt off my mind. 

All this time I had been looking 
about for something to do. My pro- 
fession, medicine, was an impossi- 
bility. I had brought no dispensary 
with me, and the last lot of quinine 
the panacea in those days for all 
the ills that Californian flesh was heir 
to had sold for four ounces (sixty-four 
dollars] an ounce at auction. By rea- 
son of rents one hundred dollars a 
month for a dog-house an office was 
not less visionary to me than a palace. 
Besides, my appetite was growing fear- 
fully, and my ditty-box was not good 
for soup. In those days, Old Califor- 
nians never darned or sewed buttons 
on ; counting the worth of time, it was 
cheaper to buy new clothes, of which 
there was a great glut in the market. 
Then the free sand-hill, where I had 
slept at first, was fierce with fleas. My 
skin was scarified ; between unsparing 
irritation and great loss of blood, my 
health was failing. My physician 
that's me strongly recommended a 
tent, a soft plank, and a Mackinaw 
blanket. So I must stop looking about 
for something to do, and set about doing 
something at once. To be sure, Smith, 
Jones, or Brown, would have been 
driving mules by this time, or 'tending 
bar, or peddling jack-knives for another 
man, or working on a lighter ; but the 
reader must remember that I was a 
gentleman's son % * ****** 

'On a little table in the cor- 
ner lay the money I had paid him ; on 
the bed beside him, a letter envelope, 
"to David Farleigh, Honolulu, S. I., 
per barque Petrel," the vessel which 
brought rue over ; on the floor, just as 
they had fallen from his hand, which 
hung over the side of the bed, the halves 
of a check in the following strange form : 

" Washington Hall, San Francisco. > 
Sunday, February , 1850. \ 

" Messrs. Burgoyne & Co., Bankers. 

" Pay to David Farleigh, for and on account 
of Philip Farleigh (his child and mine), eleven 
thousand dollars (11,000). 

" The lost in her last hour." 





The story of our great friend's life has been eloquent- 
ly told. We have borne him now to the home of the 
dead, to the Cemetery which, after fit services of prayer, 
he devoted in a tender and thrilling speech, to its hallow- 
ed purposes. In that address, he said : " Within these 
grounds public reverence and gratitude shall build the 
tombs of warriors and statesmen * * * who have given 
all their lives and their best thoughts to their country." 
Could he forecast, seven years ago, any such fulfillment of 
those words as this hour reveals? He confessed the con- 
viction before he went into the battle which bereaved us, 
that his last hour was near. Could any slight shadow of 
his destiny have been thrown across his path, as he stood 
here when these grounds were dedicated, and looked over 
slopes unfurrowed then by the plowshare of death? 

His words were prophetic. Yes, warrior and states- 
man, wise in council, graceful and electric as few have 
been in speech, ardent and vigorous in debate, but nobler 
than for all these qualities by the devotion which promp- 
ted thee to give more than thy wisdom, more than thy 
energy and weight in the hall of senatorial discussion, 
more than the fervor of thy tongue and the fire of thy 
eagle eye in the great assemblies of the people even the 
blood of thy indomitable heart when thy country call- 
ed with a cry of peril, we receive thee with tears and 
pride. We find thee dearer than when thou earnest to 
speak to us in the full tide of life and vigor. Thy wounds 
through which thy life was poured are not " dumb 
mouths, " but eloquent with the intense and perpetual 
appeal of thy soul. We receive thee to "reverence and 
gratitude, " as we lay thee gently to thy sleep ; and we 
pledge to thee, not only a monument that shall hold thy 
name, but a memorial in the hearts of a grateful people, 
so long as the Pacific moans near thy resting-place, and a 
fame eminent among the heroes of the Republic so long as 
the mountains shall feed the Oregon ! 


A few weeks after his election to the United States 
Senate, in 1860, Gen. Baker, while en route to Washington, 
addressed a very large mass meeting in San Francisco, 
convened under the auspices of the Republican State 
Central Committee. His speech on this occasion was re- 
garded by very many of his admirers as the greatest ef- 
fort of his. life, although delivered without preparation. 
It was reported in full, and extensively circulated as a 
campaign document. Near the close of the speech oc- 
curred this impassioned tribute to Freedom : 

"Here, then, long years ago, I took my stand by Freedom, and 
where in youth my feet were planted, there my manhood and my 
age shall march. And, for one, I am not ashamed of Freedom. 
I know her power ; I rejoice in her majesty ; I walk beneath her 
banner ; I glory in her strength. I have seen her again and again 
struck down on a hundred chosen fields of battle. I have seen her 
friends fly from her. I have seen her foes gather around her. 
I have seen them bind her to the stake. I have seen them give her 
ashes to the winds, regathering them again, that they might scatter 
them yet more widely. But when they turned to exult, I have seen 
her again meet them, face to face, "clad in complete steel, and 
brandishing in her strong right hand a flaming sword, red with 
insufferable light. And, therefore, I take courage. The people 
gather around her once more. The Genius of America will at last 
lead her sons to Freedom." 




(" Scintilla Juris.") 


People's Safety Valve 

Santa Niebla Was 
In Hart's Calendar 

Editor The Chronicle Sir: I 
knew a San Franciscan, born on 
the water front before the rail- 
road came through, who often 
spoke of Santa Niebla, Our Lady 
of the Fogs. He was the author, 
Jerome Hart, and here is what 
he wrote about San Francisco's 

"There are Californians who 
waver in their allegiance to the 
climate of California, and at times 
the climate of San Francisco has 
made them cross. They may have 
thought . that the winds in sum- 
mer were too cold, that the fogs 
in summer were too thick. But 
whenever I have crossed the con- 
tinent when I have emerged 
from New York at 95 degrees, and 
entered Chicago at 100 degrees 
when I have been breathing the 
dust of alkali deserts and the 
fiery air of sagebrush plains 
these are the times when I have 
been buoyed up by the anticipa- 
tion of inhaling the salt air of 
San Francisco bay. If ever a 
wanderer is glad to get back to 
his native land, it is I, returning 
to my native fog . . . When I 
leave the heated capitals of other 
lands and get back to California 
uncooked, I always offer up a 
thank-offering to Santa Niebla, 
Our Lady of the Fogs. Out near 
the Presidio, where Don Joaquin 
de Arillaga, the old comandante, 

revisits the glimpses of the moon, 
clad in rusty armor, with his 
Spanish spindle-shanks thrust in- 
to tall leathern boots there some 
day I shall erect a chapel to 
Santa Niebla. And I have vowed 
to her as an ex - voto a silver 
fog horn, which horn will be 
wound by the winds of the broad 
Pacific, and will ceaselessly 
sound through the centuries the 
litany of Our Lady of the Fogs." 

San Francisco, Oct. 4, 1939. 

834 - 18 S 6. 

"That Every Child in America 
Shall Have a Chance to Play" 

National Recreation Associati 



Eleven United States Senators 

UNDER the most conspicuous monument in Laurel Hill 
lies the body of David C. Broderick, who was elected 
United States Senator from California in 1857. Tra- 
dition says that Broderick once worked as stone cutter on the 
Capitol where he afterward sat as legislator. In the life of this 
man who was a laborer's son, yet who climbed to the exalted 
position of United States Senator, there was written a story of 
achievement. He worked his way up unaided, until he became 
United States Senator from California. But his term in the 
Senate was not long. As a result of a quadrangular quarrel 
involving Broderick, Gwin, Terry, and Perley, the fates brought 
about a duel between Broderick and Terry in which Broderick 
fell. He was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery September 18, 1859. 
At Senator Broderick's funeral service, held in the plaza, 
Colonel E. D. Baker made one of his impassioned speeches. 
Broderick was his friend. He quoted Broderick's own words 
when he fell on the duelling field: "I die because I was opposed 
to a corrupt administration, and to the extension of slavery." 
Baker said his friend had fallen "tangled in the meshes of the 
code of honor." He dwelt upon the horrors of duelling. He said: 
"The code of honor is a delusion and a snare . . . The protest is 
written in indelible characters. It is written in the blood of 
Gilbert, in the blood of Ferguson, in the blood of Broderick." 
After Broderick's death Judge Terry was arrested by police 
officer I. W. Lees, who now also rests at Laurel Hill. The case 
was set for trial in Marin County; the witnesses' boat was de- 
layed on the trip across the bay and did not arrive at the hour 
set, and the case of the People against Judge David S. Terry for 
the killing of Senator David C. Broderick was dismissed. 


Broderick left an estate appraised at a quarter of a million, 
largely the result of wise real estate investments. He was a 
single man with no near relatives, and as no will was found in 
California the Court appointed a special administrator. Subse- 
quently a will was produced in New York City, and for more 
than fifteen years the Broderick will case occupied the courts. 
Thomas H. Williams, Gregory Yale, and other attorneys now 
buried at Laurel Hill, were engaged in the controversy. 

Edward Dickinson Baker was born in England February 2, 
1811. When he was five years old his parents came to Phila- 
delphia to make their home; they belonged to the Society of 
Friends. At seventeen Baker went to Illinois. At twenty-one he 
had fought in the Black Hawk War and obtained a Major's 
commission. Of himself he said: "My real forte is my power to 
command, to rule and lead men. I feel that I could lead men 
anywhere." But Baker's friends thought his special talent lay 
in his gift of oratory. 

In the political field Baker speedily came into prominence in 
Illinois as a leader of the Whigs. The proposed construction of a 
transcontinental railway was a project very dear to his heart. 
While he was in the United States Congress, representing the 
Springfield, Illinois, district, war with Mexico was declared. 
Without resigning his seat in Congress, he hastened back to 
Illinois, obtained a Colonel's commission, and raised a regiment 
which was accepted by President Polk and sent to the front. In 
the fighting near Mexico City, at the head of the 4th Illinois 
Regiment, he won distinction, and at the close of the war the 
State of Illinois presented him with a sword. 

In 1852 Baker came to California. Here he soon became 
known for his charm of speech as well as for his ability as a 
lawyer. One of his most famous addresses was that delivered on 
the completion of the Atlantic cable, September 27, 1858. 
"Thought has bridged the Atlantic," he said, "and cleaves its 
unfettered path across the sea." 

On May 30, 1854, Lone Mountain was dedicated as a ceme- 
tery, and Colonel E. D. Baker delivered the dedication address 
to the people of San Francisco. "In a tender and thrilling 
speech," said Rev. Thomas Starr King some seven years later, 
"Colonel Baker devoted this cemetery to its hallowed pur- 
poses." He dwelt upon the great fact of immortality, and said: 
"The truth peals like thunder in our ears tbou shalt live for- 


ever!" The keynote of his theme was the idea that in this peace- 
ful spot the pioneers would rest forever. 

In 1 859, in California, Baker ran for the United States Senate, 
but was defeated. When he had been retained to defend Charles 
Cora, who shot United States Marshal Richardson, his closing 
argument so greatly impressed the jury in spite of the loudly 
voiced verdict of the press, that the homicide was murder that 
the jury were unable to agree upon a verdict. Two stood for 
acquittal, six for manslaughter, and only four for murder in the 
first degree. But before the date set for a second trial both Casey 
and Cora were taken from the jail by the Vigilance Committee, 
tried and convicted by them, and hanged. In the course of his 
speech before Judge Hager and the jury, Colonel Baker de- 
fended his stand in a tribute to the legal profession: 

"The profession to which we belong," he said, "is of all others, fearless of 
public opinion. It has ever stood up against the tyranny of monarchs on the 
one hand, and the tyranny of public opinion on the other; and if, as the 
humblest among them, it becomes me to instance myself, I may say with a 
bold heart, and I do say it with a bold heart, that there is not in all this world 
a wretch so humble, so guilty, so despairing, so torn with avenging furies, so 
pursued by the arm of the law, so hunted to cities of refuge, so fearful of life, 
so afraid of death there is no wretch so steeped in all the agonies of vice and 
crime, that I would not have a heart to listen to his cry, and a tongue to speak 
in his defense, though around his head all the wrath of public opinion should 
gather, and rage, and roar, and roll, as the ocean rolls around the rock. And if 
I ever forget, if I ever deny, that highest duty of my profession, may God 
palsy this arm and hush my voice forever." 

When Baker was defeated for the United States Senate in 
California he moved to Oregon, where he was at once elected to 
fill an unexpired term. En route to Washington he stopped over 
in San Francisco and delivered a political speech on October 
26, 1860. "We are running a man now by the name of Lincoln," 
he said. "He is an honest, good, simple-minded, true man, who 
is a hero without knowing it. If he recommends a railroad and 
he will he won't twaddle about it." This pleased the people of 
California, for the Western States at that time were becoming 
more and more eager to obtain an appropriation from Congress 
for the completion of the proposed Pacific Railroad, from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific Coast. It was on the occasion of this 
political speech that Baker won loud and long applause when 
he uttered his oft-quoted words: "Long years ago, I took my 


stand by Freedom, and where in youth my feet were planted, 
there my manhood and my age shall march." 

The Civil War came on. Baker left his seat in the United 
States Senate, raised a regiment in Illinois, and went again to 
the front. In his first fight, at Bull's Bluff, Virginia, October 21, 
1861, he fell. In 1861 the transcontinental telegraph had just 
been completed, and the melancholy news of Baker's death in 
Virginia was sent by telegraph to San Francisco. The message 
was read by Junius Brutus Booth, from the stage of the Ameri- 
can Theatre, and was received by the audience with a demon- 
stration of genuine grief. 

On the day of President Lincoln's inauguration at Washing- 
ton, in the east portico of the unfinished Capitol, it was Colonel 
E. D. Baker, then Senator from Oregon, who introduced Lincoln 
to the audience. A warm friendship existed between President 
Lincoln and Colonel Baker, and President Lincoln's second son, 
born in 1846, was named Edward Baker Lincoln. 

Colonel Baker had three brothers, who remained in Illinois. 
There was one sister, born in Philadelphia, who died in Saus- 
alito, California, at the age of seventy-three. She was the wife of 
Theodore Jerome, a California pioneer of 1849. Both are buried 
at Laurel Hill. Their son, Edward Baker Jerome, was for many 
years chief deputy collector of customs at San Francisco. He 
died in Oakland in 1902. Colonel Baker's son Alfred, a lieu- 
tenant and aide to his father at Ball's Bluff, was a clerk in the 
San Francisco Post-office for a number of years. He never 

Not far from the grave of Senator Baker stands the stately 
monument erected by Milton S. Latham, United States Senator 
from California. Elected Governor of California in the fall of 
1859 ne serve d for five days only and then resigned to fill the 
office of United States Senator, left vacant by the death of 
Broderick. At the expiration of his three years' term in the 
United States Senate he went to London, where he interested 
men of capital in the establishment of the London and San 
Francisco Bank, of which he served as president for many years. 

California's first United States Senators were John C. Fre- 
mont, who drew the short term, and William M. Gwin, who 
served from 1850 to 1855 and was re-elected in 1857. William 
McKendree Gwin was born in Sumner County, Tennessee. He 
died in New York City, and was first buried at Laurel Hill. 


Prior to coming to California in 1849 ne lived for a time in New 
Orleans, where he was engaged in superintending the construc- 
tion of the new custom house. He was twice married; two 
daughters and a son survived him. At twenty-three he had 
taken a degree in medicine, and from that time throughout his 
long life as a politician he was generally called Dr. Gwin. In his 
later years he was also known as "Duke Gwin of Sonora," 
although his colonization plan, which had taken him twice to 
Mexico, and also to France to confer with Napoleon, was a 

Dr. Gwin was one of the delegates to the Constitutional Con- 
vention which met at Monterey in September, 1849, to f ram e 
California's first Constitution. 

Only seven days after the convention had begun its delibera- 
tions, the article prohibiting slavery in the new state was 
adopted by unanimous vote. Earlier in the year in Sacramento, 
San Jose, San Francisco, and even in the mining districts, anti- 
slavery meetings had been held by the pioneers with the end in 
view of instructing their representatives to the Provisional Gov- 
ernment Convention to oppose any incipient act that tends to 
promote the introduction of negro slavery into the Territory of 

The anti-slavery meetings in San Francisco had been pre- 
sided over by Capt. Joseph L. Folsom and William S. Clark, and 
the proceedings were reported in the Alta California (March22, 
1849) ^7 Edward Gilbert. The graves of these three men are 
also at Laurel Hill. 

James A. McDougall was elected United States Senator from 
California by a combination of Republicans and Douglas Demo- 
crats. He had a natural bent for engineering and his first work 
as a boy was to help in the survey of the railroad between 
Albany and Schenectady, but he soon turned his attention to 
the study of law. During ten years spent in law practice in 
Illinois he became the warm friend of Colonel E. D. Baker. 
They w^ere associated in the trial of Charles Cora, who killed 
United States Marshal William H. Richardson November 17, 

Soon after the discovery of gold McDougall brought his 
family to California. October 7, 1850, he was elected attorney- 
general of the State; in 1852 he was elected a member of the 
lower house of Congress, where he was able to urge the construe- 


tion of a Pacific railroad with the practical knowledge of en- 
gineering he had acquired as a boy. In San Francisco the 
McDougall family resided at 40 South Park. McDougall's law 
partners were Solomon A. Sharp and Reuben H. Lloyd. On the 
day of Colonel Baker's funeral at Laurel Hill Cemetery, Decem- 
ber ii, 1861, Senator McDougall delivered an address in the 
Senate Chamber on the subject of his friend's accomplishments 
and untimely death. He said of Baker: "He was an orator . . . 
he was a leader ... he loved fame, glory, honorable renown. He 
thirsted for it with an ardent thirst, as did Cicero and Caesar." 

At the expiration of his term in the Senate, March 4, 1867, it 
was General McDougall's intention to return to California and 
take up his law practice again on the Pacific Coast; but he died 
while visiting at the home of his sister, Mrs. Campbell, in 
Albany, New York, September 3, 1867. His death, wrote his 
friend Oscar Shuck, "was hastened by his indulgence in the 
bowl . . . " 

A letter written to a friend in San Francisco by Senator Cor- 
nelius Cole, who attended Senator McDougall's funeral in 
Albany, explains why McDougall was buried at Lone Mountain 
Cemetery in San Francisco. 

Albany, September 6, 1867. 

. . .. Senator McDougall died at the house where he was brought up. I 
saw him there two weeks ago and he was then prostrate and did not know 
me at first. He took me for the doctor . . . Mrs. McDougall says it was 
his wish often expressed to be buried at Lone Mountain where he provided 
a family vault in which to rest the remains of an only son. Only a few days 
before, he had alluded often to his poor boy as sleeping alone on the distant 
Pacific shore . . . 

On Sunday afternoon, May 24, 1868, funeral services for 
Senator James A. McDougall were held at Grace Church, San 
Francisco. "The attendance at the church was large," said the 
Morning Call of Tuesday, "proving that time and absence had 
not weakened the respect, esteem and memory of the friends 
and acquaintances of the talented and noble-hearted departed. 
He was buried under the auspices of Mt. Moriah Lodge of 
Masons, of which order he was an old and high-ranking mem- 
ber ..." In the family vault at Laurel Hill all that was mortal 
of Senator James A. McDougall was laid to rest beside the 


casket of his little son, James A. McDougall, Jr., who died 
April 26, 1855, at two years of age. 

A white marble tomb at Laurel Hill marks the resting place 
of Aaron Augustus Sargent. A California pioneer of '49, he first 
engaged in mining; later served as district attorney, and took 
an active part in the formation of the Republican party. Elected 
United States Senator in 1871, he labored for California for 
many years. He had been a representative in the House in 1861 
and in 1868; he once wrote a history of the bar of Nevada 
County; in 1882 he was appointed minister to Germany. Aaron 
M.Sargent, son of the late George Clark Sargent, is his grandson. 

General John F. Miller, born in Indiana in 1831, was a Cali- 
fornia pioneer of '53, and was elected United States Senator 
from California in 1881. He served in the Union Army from 
1861 to 1865. He was collector of the port in San Francisco for 
four years, and president of the Alaska Commercial Company. 
He was first buried at Laurel Hill, but when his daughter, wife 
of Rear-Admiral Richardson Clover, went to reside in Wash- 
ington, D. C., his body was moved from Laurel Hill to Arlington 
National Cemetery. His monument still stands at Laurel Hill. 

One of the United States Senators from Nevada, whose home 
was in California for many years, was Senator John Percival 
Jones. He arrived at San Francisco by way of Cape Horn in 
1850. On the bark Eureka he made the entire trip from his home 
in Cleveland, Ohio, to California, through the Great Lakes, the 
Welland Canal, down the St. Lawrence River, across the At- 
lantic, around Cape Horn and up the Pacific Coast to San Fran- 
cisco Bay. He served in the California State Legislature from 
1863 to 1867. He was elected United States Senator from Ne- 
vada in 1873 and was re-elected in 1879. He was born in En- 
gland; he was twice married. Mrs. Frederick MacMonnies, wife 
of the sculptor, and Mrs. Robert Farquhar are his daughters. 
He died November 27, 1912, and his ashes were placed in the 
costly vault of Colfax marble which he had erected in Lone 
Mountain Cemetery some fifty years before his death. 

The ashes of William Morris Stewart, another United States 
Senator from Nevada, were also brought to Laurel Hill Ceme- 
tery for burial in his family plot. His boyhood was spent in help- 
ing to clear his father's farm in Ohio, but his education was not 
neglected. He entered Yale, and remained in college until the 
gold rush brought him to California. He arrived in San Fran- 


cisco by way of Panama, in May, 1850, and after digging for 
gold for a time he began the study of law. He was first elected 
United States Senator in 1864, and was re-elected in 1869, in 
1886, in 1892, and in 1898. Oscar T. Shuck was his law clerk 
during the period when he was one of the leading operators on 
the Comstock and was also investing largely in San Francisco 
real estate. Of his printed argument in the Sharon will case 
Oscar Shuck said: "It reads like a novel and is well worth per- 
using, not only for the argument, but for its humorous and racy 

William M. Stewart was one of the original trustees of Stan- 
ford University, named in the founding grant November n, 
1885; he resigned in 1904. His daughter, Bessie, married 
Richard C. Hooker, lieutenant in the United States Navy. 
Their infant son, who died in 1878, is buried in the family plot 
at Laurel Hill. On resigning from the Navy, Hooker became a 
stockbroker. It may not be said that Steuart Street in San 
Francisco was named for Senator Stewart. There was a William 
M. Stewart (also spelled Steuart) who came to California on the 
Ohio; made a trip to the mines with Walter Col ton; was a mem- 
ber of the ayuntamiento in 1849-50, and served as a delegate to 
the Constitutional Convention at Monterey in September, 
1849. It was f r h* m tnat Steuart Street was named. 

A massive table-tomb at Laurel Hill marks the grave of 
William Sharon, who was born in Ohio and died in San Fran- 
cisco. He was generally spoken of as a Californian although he 
was United States Senator from Nevada from 1875 to I 88i. 
William C. Ralston, who was born January n, 1826, and died 
August 27, 1875, was associated with Sharon in many enter- 
prises. In 1864 he organized the Bank of California, of which he 
remained president until the day of its failure and of his tragic 
death. Of Ralston, Bancroft wrote: "Pity, sympathy and grati- 
tude took him tenderly and laid him gently in Lone Mountain." 
The Bank of California was reorganized by D. O. Mills and 
Sharon, with the help of some forty other capitalists. Sharon 
took over the Ralston properties, and at Ralston's spacious 
country estate at Belmont Senator Sharon gave a reception for 
General Grant and his party in 1878 that has become historic in 
the annals of the state. 

A daughter of William Sharon married United States Senator 
Francis G. Newlands. She died in 1883 and was buried at Cal- 


vary Cemetery by her mother's side. Newlands was one of the 
executors of William Sharon's will, and before the distribution 
of the estate Park Commissioner Pixley went to Newlands and 
asked Newlands to arrange for $25,000 from Senator Sharon's 
estate to be turned over to the park commissioners for the estab- 
lishment and maintenance of a children's playground in Golden 
Gate Park. After considerable urging the matter was arranged, 
and the Argonaut, edited by Jerome A. Hart, in frequent edi- 
torials about the children's playground repeatedly gave credit 
to the Sharon estate for its munificent gift to the children of 
San Francisco. 

Similar to Senator Sharon's table-tomb at Laurel Hill, is the 
monument which was erected at Arlington in memory of Major 
Pierre Charles L'Enfant, the gifted French engineer who came 
to America with Lafayette to join the American Army at the 
time of the Revolutionary War. There is no authentic portrait 
of him in existence, and he left no descendants; but his map 
remains, out of which has grown the capital city "city of mag- 
nificent distances" planned by him more than a hundred and 
thirty years ago. L'Enfant was first employed by President 
Washington, each time the seat of the Federal Government was 
moved, to remodel a building for governmental use; and, finally, 
when Congress decided to build a city on the Potomac, it was 
L'Enfant who drew the plan envisioned the city of Washing- 
ton as it stands today. He died forgotten and for nearly a 
century his grave remained unmarked. But his dream was 
realized. The city grew to fit his plan, and today the grave of 
L'Enfant is marked by a splendid monument at Arlington Na- 
tional Cemetery. 

James G. Fair was born in the north of Ireland of Scotch 
parents. He was known as the highly successful superintendent 
of the Ophir mine, the Hale & Norcross, and the still larger 
Consolidated Virginia and California mining properties. He was 
chosen in 1880 United States Senator from Nevada to succeed 
William Sharon. He served six years, until March 4, 1887, and 
returned to San Francisco, where he lived at the Lick House 
until his death. For many years the Fair estate was in litigation. 
One of the points at issue was to determine the validity of the 
trust clause contained in his will. It was decided by the presiding 
judge, Charles W. Slack, to be invalid. This decision on appeal 
was set aside; but on a rehearing the Supreme Court reversed 


its decision and sustained the decision of Judge Slack. Under 
this decree the estate was distributed to the heirs, thus in- 
validating the trust, in accordance with Judge Slack's original 

In addition to large holdings of real estate and mining prop- 
erties, there were railroads to be handled, and thousands of tons 
of wheat, and the involved affairs of the estate of James G. Fair 
dragged through the courts for many years. As Fair had suc- 
ceeded William Sharon in the senatorship, so the litigation in 
connection with his estate followed the Sharon estate cases in 
the California courts. Senator Fair was first buried at Laurel 
Hill. His beautiful mausoleum, crowning a hilltop, in the rich- 
ness of its ornamentation, in height and design, recalls that gem 
of mediaeval Gothic architecture, the Sainte Chapelle of the 
Palace of Justice in Paris. 


United States Army and Navy 
Officers and Volunteers 

THERE are many veterans of the Mexican War, of the 
Civil War, and of the War with Spain, whose graves are 
in the Lone Mountain cemeteries some with individual 
monuments like Colonel E. D. Baker, Judge Timothy H. Rear- 
den, Captain Joseph L. Folsom, William S. Clark, R. C. Rogers, 
Richard Realf, and Colonel Cremony. Others, and all the un- 
known soldier dead, are remembered by the tall shaft in the 
Grand Army plot near the foot of Lone Mountain, erected "To 
the Memory of California's Patriot Dead." Their last long sleep 
is epitomized in the brief inscription on their monument: 
"Mustered Out." 

U. S. A. 


Captain Folsom's large plot, Number 101, on Greenwood Ave- 
nue, stands in the name of Gustavus Decatur Folsom, who was 
his young nephew. The history of the Folsom family is recorded 
at length by Reverend Nathaniel S. Folsom of Boston in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, beginning 
with John Folsom, who came from England to America in 1638, 
and located in New Hampshire. Passing over the intervening 
generations, and the story of their service in the Revolutionary 
War, Captain Folsom's father, Abraham, died while his sons 
were still young. Joseph was sent to West Point, where he gradu- 
ated in 1840 and went at once to Florida to serve in the Semi- 
nole War. He was promoted to the grade of Captain, and in 
March, 1847, arrived at San Francisco as quartermaster with 


Colonel Stevenson's Regiment. He became chief of the quarter- 
master's department on the North Pacific Coast, and also was 
made collector of the port of San Francisco. He had faith in the 
future of San Francisco, and made investments in town lots. 
Later he acquired the estate of William A. Leidesdorff, and be- 
came a wealthy man. Folsom Street was named for him. 

At Mission San Jose Captain Folsom died at the age of thirty- 
eight years and two months. He was a bachelor, and rumor at 
the time said he was engaged to a Senator's daughter. For years 
she mourned his loss and never married. Captain Folsom's 
biographers have said that "in manner he exhibited a slight for- 
mality through the influence of his military education," and 
that "he was a man of stainless character, and irreproachable 

EDWARD GILBERT 1819 - 1852 

Edward Gilbert, printer and writer, came to San Francisco in 
March, 1847, on the Loo Cboo, with Colonel Stevenson's Regi- 
ment, Company H, of the New York Volunteers. For a year or 
more he acted as Collector Joseph L. Folsom's deputy. He made 
a census of San Francisco, and in January, 1849, became the 
first editor of the Alta California. He was a delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention which met at Monterey in September, 
1849, an d i n November of the same year he was elected the first 
United States Congressman from California. In a duel near 
Sacramento he was killed by General James W. Denver whom 
he had challenged. Buried first at Yerba Buena Cemetery, he 
was removed May 2, 1863, to the plot of the Typographical 
Union in Laurel Hill Cemetery. 


William S. Clark, whose forebears served in the Continental 
Congress and fought in the Colonial Wars and the Revolution, 
was born on the Pennsylvania-Maryland frontier, October 3, 
1807. Ever a frontiersman, the opening of the year 1846 found 
him on the Kansas River outpost preparing for his trek to the 
Pacific Coast. There he assisted the Indian Commissioners in 


their negotiations with the Kaw Indian tribes for their title to 
lands on the Kaw and Kansas Rivers. He smoked the pipe of 
peace with Chief White Plume (Nom-pa-wa-rah). In negotiating 
the terms for his tribe, the old Chief stipulated that the annuity 
should continue "so long as the Kansas River flows and grass 
grows on its banks/' The treaty was signed January 14, 1846, 
by which several million acres were ceded to the United States. 

On May 10, 1846, William S. Clark left Independence, Mis- 
souri, with an ox-team in advance of the wagon train bound for 
the Pacific Coast. He crossed the alkali plains and climbed over 
the Sierras before winter set in, arriving at San Francisco, then 
called Yerba Buena, in October, 1846. The town was then under 
military governorship, and on his arrival William S. Clark vol- 
unteered for military duty. His wagon was commandeered by 
Captain Fremont's men for transporting heavy guns. As num- 
ber 69 of the volunteer company, under commanding officer 
Ward Marston of the marines, he was summoned to report at 
the Yerba Buena Marine Barracks. With the mounted volun- 
teers he rode down the peninsula in the Santa Clara Campaign. 
This was the last engagement between the Spanish-Californians 
and Americans in Northern California before the treaty with 
Mexico was signed. 

John Henry Brown, in his "Reminiscences" (The Grabhorn 
Press, 1933)5 tells about the explosion of a heavy coffee pot with 
a loud report, which brought out the volunteers in force. He 
says: "William S. Clark came from Clark's Point to the Bar- 
racks, which, owing to the roughness of the roads, was con- 
sidered a pretty good walk." Captain Hull, hearing the explo- 
sion, ordered his men to beat the long roll. When the volunteers 
responded he ordered them to form in line and be prepared for 
attack. He sent out marines as scouts, and signaled the men on 
the ship to be ready to land if called upon. When Captain Hull 
discovered the cause of the explosion, which had seemed to him 
like the firing of an enemy's gun, he promptly turned to his 
company, thanked them profusely, and formally discharged 
them from further duty. This was the last call to arms in Yerba 

"When I reached Sutter's Fort," wrote Pioneer Clark, in a 
pencilled manuscript that is now faded and worn but still de- 
cipherable, "I was not sufficiently rested from my long journey 
to join the recruits for San Juan; so I sold my oxen to Captain 


Sutter and embarked on a launch bound down the Sacramento 
River to the town of Yerba Buena, on the Bay of San Francisco. 
This was in October, 1 846. 

"I landed on the point of rocks at the northern end of Yerba 
Buena Cove. This was the only landing place at low tide. There 
was another landing place further south, but on account of the 
mud it was accessible only at high tide. The point of rocks at 
which I landed was at about the intersection of Broadway and 
Battery streets. Soon afterward I purchased this land from the 
authorities and built on it a warehouse. This location is known 
as Clark's Point, and is so marked on the official maps. As soon 
as I secured title to the land I began the construction of a wharf 
at the foot of Broadway street. At this time the port was under 
the command of Captain Montgomery who commanded the 
sloop of war Portsmouth. He brought his instruments ashore and 
ran the line of Montgomery Street, which was named after him. 
The plaza was named Portsmouth Square after his vessel. Our 
alcalde, or mayor, was Washington A. Bartlett, an officer aboard 
this man-of-war lying in the harbor. 

"The day after I landed at the Point I was overhauled by the 
Provost Marshal, the country being under martial law. He ex- 
amined my effects. Everything being found satisfactory he 
placed me on the muster roll and I was required to do military 
duty. I did not enlist in the United States service as many of the 
emigrants did, but I volunteered to do guard duty and to take 
my place in the ranks when called upon. I thus retained my 
liberty for business enterprises. Not having regularly enlisted I 
was not entitled to pay for my services. 

"My first enterprise was to locate lots favorable for com- 
mercial business. Selecting the place at the point of rocks where 
I first landed, afterwards called for me Clark's Point, I pro- 
ceeded to build myself a cabin, making use of such materials as 
were readily obtainable. I used some adobe, with pieces of lum- 
ber and sods, and tacked up bullock skins on the outside to pre- 
vent the winter rains from washing it down. I was occasionally 
called off from my work to join a scouting party when there was 
danger of an attack from the enemy, but had no particular en- 
gagement until later in the season. 

"One night the explosion of a coffee pot, with a loud noise, 
brought out the marines. The long roll was beaten and the sleep- 
ing volunteers, thinking the enemy had made an attack, turned 


out with their guns, and lined up at the barracks, ready for 
action. The sloop of war at anchor in the bay, by signals, let it 
be known that she was prepared to land a party of bluejackets. 
However, nothing took place, and we all returned to our beds 
considerably disappointed that there was no fighting. Whenever 
shots were heard in the night the guard at the barracks would 
give the alarm, and the volunteers belonging to the military 
company would hasten out armed and equipped, ready for 
battle. At the slightest warning sound the cry would go out 
'The greasers are coming/ and the United States volunteers, 
armed with their Kentucky rifles, were ready to repulse the 
enemy's attacking force. In those days we slept on our guns and 
were prepared to defend our country." 

The Story of the Battle of Santa Clara as told by 
William S. Clark who was One oj the Volunteers 

In December, 1846, the Spanish-Californians had become so 
insolent that the butchers could not furnish us with beef, which 
was our principal food. Beef being cut off, we were fast coming 
to the point of starvation. Our alcalde, Washington A. Bartlett, 
a naval officer who was conversant with the Spanish language, 
on learning of the difficulty, proposed to go out himself and get 
what beef cattle was required. He took with him six men to 
drive the cattle in. Upon arriving at Francisco Sanchez's 
rancho, near the place now called Millbrae, he had no difficulty 
in negotiating for the desired beef cattle, but at the moment of 
mounting their horses to return with their herd, Alcalde Bart- 
lett and his men were surrounded by a party of armed Spanish- 
Californians, and ordered to dismount and surrender. Our men, 
being without arms, were forced to submit. They were marched 
into the foothills to a place in the Coast Range at the head of 
the San Francisquito Creek, where the Spanish-Californians 
were encamped about four hundred strong. 

At Yerba Buena we waited impatiently for our party's return. 
Ten days elapsed before we heard of them, when news came of 
their capture. Commander Joseph B. Hull, of the United States 
sloop of war Warren, had succeeded Captain Montgomery of 
the United States sloop of war Portsmouth in command at San 
Francisco. His quarters were on shore. Commander Hull at 


once ordered ten artillery men from his ship with a two-pounder, 
which was mounted on a hand cart, and thirty marines from the 
Marine Barracks at Yerba Buena, to be put under command of 
officer of the marines Captain Ward Marston, to join Captain 
Weber's party in pursuit of the Spaniards. Commander Hull 
called on the citizens of Yerba Buena for volunteers, sixteen of 
whom joined the party. We volunteers furnished our own arms 
and ammunition, for the government had none to supply us 
with. Our whole force now numbered one hundred. The next 
day we received marching orders from our commander to pro- 
ceed against the Spanish-Californians' camp and release Alcalde 
Bartlett and his men. Our appearance was not very imposing 
as a war-like party. Captain Weber's company was composed 
of old men and boys with their Kentucky rifles. They led. The 
marines and artillery followed in government equipment, the 
volunteers bringing up the rear. The first night we camped 
at the Sanchez rancho (now Millbrae) where we found plenty 
of beef cattle. The next day's march brought us to a little valley 
at the foot of the mountains about three miles from the camp 
of the Spanish-Californians. They broke camp as soon as they 
were warned of our approach. This was New Year's day, Janu- 
ary i, 1847. We followed in full pursuit. We overtook the 
enemy at ten o'clock the next day about six miles from Santa 
Clara Mission, where the fight began. This was January 2, 
1847. The Spanish-Californians fought desperately for a time, 
their force far outnumbering ours. Notwithstanding their num- 
bers, however, they were intimidated by our advance and soon 
began to fall back. They rallied again before reaching the 
Mission, hoping to prevent us from securing shelter there. Here 
we had a sharp encounter but we soon succeeded in reaching the 
Mission walls when the firing ceased, for night was upon us. 
The Spanish-Californians withdrew to the westward about two 
miles, and made camp. That night I was on picket guard, sta- 
tioned far out in the direction of the enemy's camp. I heard 
a horseman approaching. On his coming closer I discovered 
that he was waving a white flag of truce. I marched him to our 
commander's quarters. He brought a message from Sanchez 
asking for a suspension of hostilities for a few days. In reply, 
Commander Marston sent a message back that he, with his in- 
terpreter, would meet Commander Sanchez at an elevated point 
about half way between the two camps. At this interview our 


commander peremptorily demanded a surrender of all their 
arms, munitions and prisoners, and demanded that their com- 
mander should go with us to Yerba Buena, and there sign an 
agreement not to take up arms again during the war now pend- 
ing between Mexico and the United States. This agreement 
was signed. The surrender was conducted in the following man- 
ner: Our forces, one hundred in number, were formed in line, 
the cannon placed in the center with a small United States flag 
waving over it. The hostile forces, numbering about four 
hundred, were marched up in double column in front of the 
cannon and filed off on each side and dismounted. Emigrant 
wagons drawn by oxen started from each end, and passed in 
front of the line. The Spanish-Californians' arms were received 
by the proper officer and placed in our wagons. The prisoners 
were now passed over into our line, headed by Alcalde Bartlett, 
amid shouts and cheers. The arms were sent to the Embarca- 
dero of San Jose (now called Alviso) and were shipped on a 
man-of-war launch to Yerba Buena. The horses and men were 
liberated. Captain Weber returned to San Jose with his men. 
The marines and the artillerymen went to the Embarcadero of 
San Jose and returned to Yerba Buena by water. We volun- 
teers returned by land with our Alcalde and his men. Sanchez 
returned with us. 

Before leaving the Mission of Santa Clara we supplied our- 
selves with beef and bread and tea, as we had to camp out one 
night. All of these provisions we lashed on pack horses that 
were driven ahead with our loose horses. Darkness came on as 
we approached the locality now called Belmont. Unexpectedly 
we fell in with a band of wild horses that snorted and took 
fright at our approach. Their fright was communicated to our 
pack horses and before we could secure them they joined the 
stampede band pack-horses, meat, bread, and tea, all dis- 
appearing from our hungry gaze into the darkness. We turned 
up the canyon a few hundred yards where we found plenty of 
water and there under the noble oak trees we made camp for 
the night, destitute of provisions, but still a laughing, merry, 
victorious party. Early the next morning we broke camp and 
at San Mateo we breakfasted on fresh beef slaughtered for the 
occasion. Upon our arrival at the Marine Barracks at Yerba 
Buena we were received with great rejoicing. With military 


music the band from the vessel welcomed the return of our 

The Story of the First Wharf in San Francisco 
Bay as told by William S. Clark 

Yerba Buena in 1847 began to assume some life. Early in 
that year under Alcalde Bartlett the town took the name of the 
Bay San Francisco. Yerba Buena had been originally named 
under the following circumstances: There lived in the locality 
a widow named Juana Briones, who gathered herbs on Tele- 
graph Hill from which she concocted a very palatable tea. The 
local territorial officers in making their periodical excursions to 
the Embarcadero always partook freely of this delicious bever- 
age yerba buena^ or "good herb" tea. Hence the name Yerba 
Buena was given to the locality. 

I was firmly convinced that California at the end of the war 
would be ceded to the United States, hence I saw the import- 
ance of the site of San Francisco. Its location on the bay made 
it superior to all the other towns on the Coast as a commercial 
point. Therefore I proceeded at once to make permanent im- 
provements. I first looked around for building materials, as I 
desired to construct a warehouse and a wharf. There were no 
materials at hand hence I was obliged to cross the bay to a 
stretch of timber land lying north of Angel Island on the main- 
land. There I cut down trees and prepared the lumber and 
piles necessary for such structures. I was occupied for about 
two months on this work in the redwoods. I succeeded in en- 
gaging a launch from General Sutter to convey the lumber to 
Clark's Point at the foot of Broadway Street, and there I im- 
mediately began the construction of my warehouse. After the 
land was surveyed I was able to obtain legal title by securing 
an alcalde grant to the lot at Clark's Point, where I had already 
built my cabin and was living. 

In the construction of my wharf a great difficulty presented 
itself. I had no pile driver, and no suitable material was at hand 
out of which to make one. No pile driver had ever been used in 
the vicinity of San Francisco Bay before this date. But neces- 
sity being the mother of invention and circumstances favoring 
my plans, I found on visiting a whale ship anchored at Sausalito 


on the opposite side of the bay that it was ballasted with pig- 
iron. I got some blocks of this pig-iron, and binding the pieces 
together with iron straps, I made a hammer of about twelve 
hundred pounds weight, which answered the purpose of a pile 
driver. As for machinery, my raising apparatus was a gin or 
windlass power worked by two men. This windlass I obtained 
from the salvage of a wrecked vessel; I paid one hundred dollars 
for it. My assistants, a carpenter and a blacksmith, had never 
before seen a pile driver in operation; hence some difficulty was 
encountered in getting it in proper working order. With this 
crude machinery and with the assistance of these rough work- 
men, I proceeded with the construction of my wharf to the 
extent of one hundred and fifty feet. It was the first wharf built 
on piles on the Pacific Coast north of Panama. Before the wharf 
had been planked and finished the brig Belfast from New York, 
loaded with merchandise, DeWitt and Harrison, owners, hauled 
up alongside and discharged her cargo; this was the first vessel 
docked at a wharf in the harbor of San Francisco. 

The weekly Calif ornian of September 23, 1848, under the 
heading "Marine Intelligence, Port of San Francisco", an- 

ARRIVED Sept. 22nd, brig Belfast, (Jorden) 
163 days from New York. 

In an editorial paragraph September 30, 1848, the weekly 
Calif ornian announced: 

An era in the history of California has occurred since our last publication, 
which we lose no time in placing upon record. The event to which we allude 
is no less than the appearance of a square rigged vessel, the brig Belfast from 
New York, at the wharf at the foot of Broadway, actually fast to and lying 
peaceably alongside the said wharf, the like of which we believe that vener- 
ated individual "the oldest inhabitant" has no recollection of ever beholding 
before in San Francisco, or even in any part of the Territory. We have been 
credibly informed that as soon as the Belfast was seen lying at the wharf, foot 
of Broadway, and discharging her cargo, goods fell 25 per cent and real estate 
rose 50 to 100 per cent. 


When Pioneer Clark began his work on the shore of San Fran- 
cisco Bay there was no piled ship-wharf on the whole Pacific 
Coast north of Panama. That enormous body of water, the Bay 
of San Francisco, lay idle, unvexed by man. An occasional 
Indian craft ventured to cross from the "Contra Costa shore/' 
as the Spaniards called it, to the peninsula tip where lay the 
primitive boat-landing of Yerba Buena. Standing on the rocky 
point which jutted out into the bay Pioneer Clark looked south 
to another point Rincon Point across the tidal marsh. 
There was little sign of life before him, save for the gulls that 
flew across the cove. That was all most men saw the vast bay, 
the uninhabited islands, the encircling mountains, the lesser 
bays into which great rivers ran, the flapping sea-birds with 
their raucous cries. Yet Pioneer Clark had vision, he saw more. 
He saw a city rising out of the sea of mud, towering into the sea 
of mist and fog. He saw great fleets of ships replacing the 
Indians' craft. He saw scores of wharves and docks lining the 
great bay, where other men saw only mud and sea gulls. He 
had slowly crossed by covered wagon the wide continent, on the 
eastern side of which he was born. He had traversed it from 
north to south, from the Great Lakes to the Gulf. And now he 
had crossed it from east to west. He could go no further under 
the American flag, and he stopped at this point of rocks his 
point Clark's Point for he bought it from the government 
and other men gave it his name. 

<fbe Wharf at Clark's Point described by 
Artists and Writers 

Toward the end of 1848, an English artist, William Redmond 
Ryan, in search of adventure under balmy skies, arrived in 
California by way of Panama. After spending the early part of 
the winter in the vicinity of Monterey he took passage on a brig 
bound for San Francisco, and thus described his landing at 
Clark's Point: 

"The landing place appeared to have been constructed less 
for the convenience of foot-passengers than to afford facilities 
for the disembarkation of luggage and goods from on board the 
vessels, for which purpose it stretches out a great distance into 
the water, being a kind of platform upheld by ponderous wooden 


pillars. On landing I had to clamber up a steep hill, on the top 
of which and opposite to where I stood, was a large wooden 
house, two stones high, and scarcely half finished. In the rear 
of this rose another and a steeper hill, whose slopes were covered 
with a multitude of tents. To my right ran a sort of steep, or 
precipice, defended by sundry pieces of cannon, which com- 
manded the entrance to the harbor. I next came to the Point, 
and crossing it, found myself within the town." 

This description of Telegraph Hill is unmistakable and the 
sundry pieces of cannon spoken of are the five guns which were 
brought ashore a few days after the American flag had been 
raised over Yerba Buena. With the help of sailors from his 
ship, Lieutenant Misroon had leveled off a narrow terrace on 
the steep bluff north of Clark's Point, and there he placed the 
guns, pointing out toward the bay whence hostile ships might 
approach to attack the town. It was this imposing battery of 
guns which gave the name to Battery Street. 

To an Englishman the construction of a wharf on piles run- 
ning out into the bay was a somewhat novel idea. The English 
seem to favor docks indented into the shore line, while Ameri- 
cans build wharves running out into the water. An American 
would never have thought of describing a wharf built on piles 
as "a platform upheld by ponderous wooden pillars." 

In July, 1849, San Francisco Bay was full of ships. Five 
hundred square-rigged vessels lay in the harbor, wrote a con- 
temporaneous scribe; and there was but one wharf, the Broad- 
way wharf, to accommodate this fleet. 

An artist sent by the London 'Times to report the gold dis- 
covery in California, was impressed by the vastness of San 
Francisco Bay. "A channel five miles long," he said, "bearing 
the pompous name of the Golden Gate, forms the entrance to 
the Bay of San Francisco. At its extremity is San Francisco, 
facing, not a harbor or a lake, but a Mediterranean in miniature. 
The Bay of San Francisco will easily contain all the fleets of the 
world. The town is built upon a hill, the houses reaching nearly 
to its summit. You land without difficulty upon a pier at the 
foot of the old Spanish fort." 

Here again an artist speaks of landing at the Broadway wharf 
built by William S. Clark. This was the only wharf, or pier, at 
that time. The battery of guns on the bluff overlooking Clark's 
Point, to an artist's eye, assumed the dimensions of a fort. 


One of the narratives concerning early California which at- 
tracted much attention in its day was "El Dorado," by Bayard 
Taylor, then a clever young writer on the New York Tribune. 
On June 28, 1849, Bayard Taylor, with notebook and pencil, 
left New York by steamer, bound for the Pacific Coast, and 
fifty-one days thereafter, he says, he arrived at the anchorage in 
Yerba Buena Cove. 

Thus he describes the appearance of the San Francisco water- 
front on August 1 8, 1849, wnen he left his steamer, the Panama, 
in one of the boats of the United States ship Ohio, in company 
with Lieutenant Edward F. Beale: "The Ohio's boat put us 
ashore at the northern point of the anchorage at the foot of a 
steep bank, from which a high pier had been built into the bay. 
A large vessel lay at the end, discharging her cargo. We 
scrambled up through piles of luggage. The barren side of the 
hill before us was covered with tents and canvas houses, and 
nearly in front a large two-story building displayed the sign: 
'Fremont Family Hotel'." 

The high pier at the foot of the steep bank up which Bayard 
Taylor scrambled was the Broadway wharf at Clark's Point. 
His companion, Lieutenant Edward F. Beale, U. S. N., was sub- 
sequently surveyor general and for many years a resident of 
California. For him Beale Street, near the water front, was 

The rare old lithograph entitled "The Port of San Francisco 
June ist 1849," showing the wharf at Clark's Point, is from an 
original drawing by George H. Baker, made for the New York 
Tribune, and published in that paper's issue of August 28, 1849. 
About two hundred vessels were then detained in port, their 
crews having left for the mines. 

When William S. Clark began driving piles for his wharf at 
Clark's Point on the water front of San Francisco, there was no 
other wharf on the California Coast. There were no piles on 
which to lay its beams. There were no timbers out of which to 
construct its floors. There was no pile driver with which to drive 
its piles. So Pioneer Clark crossed the bay, felled great trees for 
his piles, sawed logs into lumber for his floors, and floated all 
this material to Clark's Point. He built a pile driver out of the 
trees he had sawed into lumber, and out of ballast pig-iron he 
fashioned a mighty hammer. And his wharf went on. His 


wharf was the first structure in San Francisco Bay, and it was 
builded out of trees that grew on its own shores. 

Not long after Pioneer Clark had begun to build his wharf 
other men began to talk of bridging the bay. Cities were going 
up on both sides of it. The talk went on for three-quarters of a 
century. Finally the first bridge was built across the southern 
bay. It has been followed by others, until in 1937 there are five 
bridges, including the colossal span across the Golden Gate. 

During the first five months after the opening of the San 
Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, on November 12, 1936, over 
three and a half million vehicles crossed it. The tolls have 
amounted to more than four hundred thousand dollars a month. 
There is no pedestrian way over this bridge. 

The thirty-five million-dollar Golden Gate Bridge, on the 
other hand, has been provided with two sidewalks, each ten and 
a half feet wide, one on either side of the sixty-foot roadway for 

Following naval maneuvers in Pacific waters, a huge fleet of 
United States vessels entered the Golden Gate to be in San 
Francisco Bay for the opening of this gigantic span on May 27, 

The appearance in San Francisco harbor of the United States 
battleship fleet is a sight that no one who has seen it can ever 
forget. The advent of the fleet is announced by flights of air- 
planes. Following the airplanes usually come the fast destroyers 
and dispatch boats. Then the majestic battleships enter the 
port in single file. They preserve their specified intervals as they 
round the city's shore line and as each one approaches its berth 
in man-of-war row it leaves the line and takes its position. After 
the battleships follow the cruisers, the destroyers, the submar- 
ines, the airplane carriers, the hospital ships. The air overhead 
is full of airplanes. This great procession is conducted in silence, 
for salutes between the ships and the forts on shore are sus- 
pended by order. It is early in the morning when the first air- 
plane roars over the Golden Gate, and late in the afternoon 
when the last ship has taken her place in man-of-war row. As 
the whaleboats and the clipper ships were the forerunners of 
these leviathans of the sea, so was the little wharf at Clark's 
Point in 1847 the predecessor, the pioneer, of these gigantic 
engineering feats, the colossal bridges that span San Francisco 
Bay today. 


In 1847, William S. Clark was also the active member of San 
Francisco's first town council in the matter of building a school 
house. The contract was let to Daniel Stark, a house builder, 
for $851. Additional items such as painting, hauling, and build- 
ing a chimney, brought up the total cost to $1,1 17.60, according 
to the entries in the Town Journal. At a meeting of the town 
council William S. Clark made a motion that $400 be appropri- 
ated toward the teacher's salary. And thus the school was 
launched. For a few weeks it prospered; then it was suddenly 
suspended when the general hegira to the mines began. Even 
the weekly newspapers suspended publication while editors, 
printers, subscribers, readers, the school master, and the town 
councilmen, all rushed off to the mines. 

General William T. Sherman, in his "Memoirs" (volume I, 
page 80), tells about making an inspection trip to the gold 
mines with Colonel Mason in the summer of 1848. He says: 
"Clark of Clark's Point was there ... I remember that Mr. 
Clark was in camp talking to Colonel Mason about matters and 
things generally, when he inquired, 'Governor, what business 
has Sam Brannan to collect the tithes here?' " This question of 
Clark's put an end to the collection of tithes from the miners 
by the head of the Mormon Church. 

William S. Clark was one of the founders of Calvary Presby- 
terian Church in San Francisco, and for many years a trustee. 
Clark Street, near the water front, was named for him. He died 
November 16, 1889, and lies buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery 
with his wife, Alice Ann, and son, William Squire Clark. 

William S. Clark and William A. Leidesdorff were the only 
members of the first elected town council who were buried in 
San Francisco. William A. Leidesdorff, for whom Leidesdorff 
Street was named, served as treasurer, and kept the Town 
Journal in his own handwriting. A facsimile reproduction of 
this old account book was recently published by Albert Dressier. 
In 1845, Leidesdorff was appointed by Thomas O. Larkin vice- 
consul of the United States, stationed at Yerba Buena. Leides- 
dorff died suddenly of brain fever May 18, 1848, at thirty-eight 
years of age. After an imposing funeral he was buried at Mis- 
sion Dolores. His grave is underneath the church floor, with 
many other graves, unmarked. 

Many of San Francisco's earlier Great lie peacefully and 
there seems to be no thought of disturbing them in Mission 


Dolores churchyard. On a massive shaft there, the visitor 
reads this inscription: 





EL 21 DE JUNIO 1784 


EL 27 DE MARZO 1830 

Don Luis Antonio Arguello, California's Governor from 1822 
to 1825, under the Mexican government, was for twenty-four 
years comandante of San Francisco. The words of the inscrip- 
tion on his monument at Mission Dolores are in Spanish: "Here 
lies the body of Captain Don Luis Antonio Arguello, First Gov- 
ernor of Upper California under the Mexican government; born 
in San Francisco the 2ist of June 1784, and died in the same 
place the 27th of March 1830." His wife Rafaela was a daughter 
of acting comandante Hermenegildo Sal. His sister, the beau- 
tiful Dona Concepcion, was born about 1790, and died in the 
Dominican Convent at Benicia, whither she retired on hearing 
that her lover Count von Rezanof, the Russian, envoy of the 
mighty Czar, was dead. The story of her sad life will live in 
Bret Harte's poem; few San Franciscans can ever forget it. 
These children of Don Jose Arguello, for whom Arguello Boule- 
vard was named, were among the many white children born in 
San Francisco before the conquest of the California territory by 
the United States. 

Thomas O. Larkin, most prominent among the American 
merchants on the Pacific Coast in 1844, was appointed United 
States Consul for California, and was later appointed by the 
President naval agent for the northwest coast of America. He 
was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, September 16, 1802; 
he sailed from Boston for the California coast by way of the 
Sandwich Islands, arriving at the port of San Francisco in April, 
1832. He went at once to Monterey, where he remained until 
after the conquest. As it seemed impossible at that time for a 


Protestant marriage to be celebrated ashore, he was married on 
board a vessel under the American flag. Larkin was energetic, 
faithful, and tactful in the discharge of his duties and in his 
social relations. He did much to maintain friendly relations 
with the Spanish-Californians, whose allegiance to the American 
flag he was convinced could be won without bloodshed. In 
September, 1 849, Thomas O. Larkin served as a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention, and the following year with his 
family went east for a long visit. He returned to California 
after three years' absence and took up his residence in San 
Francisco. He died October 27, 1854, and was buried first at 
Lone Mountain. Larkin Street was named for him. His son, 
Alfred O. Larkin, died January 21, 1917. 

One of the large, old-fashioned, fenced plots at Laurel Hill, 
with flowers and rare plants and many quaint old marble head- 
stones, stands in the name of Colonel Jonathan Drake Steven- 
son, who was born in New York City January i, 1800, and died 
in San Francisco February 14, 1894. He was twice married. 
Stevenson Street was named for him. By President Polk he was 
given command of a volunteer regiment, which he raised him- 
self, for service in California, and in three transports the regi- 
ment arrived in San Francisco Bay in March, 1847. Many of 
the men who came out with Stevenson's Regiment became 
prominent citizens; several were delegates to the Constitutional 
Convention at Monterey in September, 1849. Among these was 
William E. Shannon, who made the motion in the convention 
that Neither slavery, nor involuntary servitude, unless for the pun- 
ishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in this State. This section 
was adopted by the unanimous vote of all the delegates. 

Robert C. Rogers, whose ashes were brought to Lone Moun- 
tain, was a midshipman in the United States Navy in his youth. 
During the Mexican War he was captured at Vera Cruz and 
sent to Mexico City, where he was sentenced to be hanged as a 
spy. He made his escape, and eventually came to California. 
From 1878 to 1880 he was president of the Bohemian Club. 
"My Wife" is the only inscription on the white marble sar- 
cophagus in his family plot. 

Imanuel Charles Christian Russ, who was born March 10, 
1785, and died June 4, 1857, was founder of the Russ House on 
Montgomery Street, and of the Russ Gardens on Sixth and 
Harrison streets, a favorite resort of the pioneers. He came to 


California on the Loo Choo with Colonel Stevenson's Regiment, 
bringing his wife and nine children. His sons became prominent 
members of the Society of California Pioneers. 

Captain David Scannell, chief of the San Francisco Fire De- 
partment, came to California to remain, in 1850. He was cap- 
tain of a New York company in the War with Mexico, and took 
part in many engagements from the Rio Grande to Mexico City. 
He was sheriff of San Francisco when the Vigilantes went to the 
j ail and demanded the surrender of Casey and Cora. His resting 
place is at Laurel Hill among his comrades. 

Richard Realf (1834 - 1878) was a poet of rare genius, who 
fell, according to his last poem, "with the word 'failure' written 
on his brow." His best known poem, "De Mortuis Nil Nisi 
Bonum," was said to have been written on the night of his 
suicide. At the time of his death he was employed at the San 
Francisco Mint as a laborer, pending his application for a clerk- 
ship. Realf had served through the Civil War, part of the time 
on the staff of General John F. Miller, and he was buried with 
military honors in the Grand Army plot of Odd Fellows Ceme- 
tery. For more than fifty years a headstone marked his grave. 

In the plot adjoining Richard RealPs, stood the monument 
of John C. Cremony (1815 - 1879), Major of the California Vol- 
unteer Cavalry organized in 1863. After the Civil War, Major 
Cremony made his home in San Francisco. In 1868 his resi- 
dence was at 747 Harrison Street. He was a charter member of 
the Bohemian Club, and was well known as a contributor to the 
early volumes of the Overland Monthly. His "Life Among the 
Apaches," published in San Francisco in 1868, is an authori- 
tative work on the southwest tribes of Indians. Cremony was an 
Indian fighter, and at times he used to tell some tall stories. 
Once, in telling of his escape from a group of bad Indians, he 
said he had to swim a stream. He hastily shed all his clothes, 
dropped them on the bank, and took to the water. He struck 
out with strong strokes, and soon reached the other side. But 
as he climbed up on the bank he found himself confronted by 
another hostile redskin. "And do you know what I did?" he 
asked. "I drew my sword, and stabbed him to the heart!" 

"But, Colonel," said Uncle George Bromley, "where did you 
draw your sword from?" Colonel Cremony did not hesitate an 
instant. "Bromley," he replied, severely, "no one but a damn 
fool would ask that question." 


I'be air is chill and the hour grows late, 

And the clouds come in through the Golden Gate, 

Freighted with sorrow y chilled with woe; 

But these shapes that cluster, dark and low, 

'Tomorrow shall be all aglow. 

In the blaze of the coming morn the mists 

Whose weight my heart in vain resists, 

Will brighten and shine and soar to Heaven 

In thin, white robes, like souls forgiven; 

For Heaven is kind, and everything, 

As well as a Winter, has a Spring. 



Dark turned the land line 'twixt the sea and sky; 

Gorgeous cloud banners, trailing from on high 
Drooped o'er the mottled waters, far below, 

While sunk the sun, majestic, solemn, slow. 

Down from the zenith dropped the veil of night, 

Jewelled with stars, gemmed by the Northern Light. 

Up from the nadir crept the evening gray; 
Pale grew the waters of the peaceful bay. 

Belted like Saturn, girt with bands of gray, 
The sun sunk ever, while the dying day 

Quivered, then perished, and the fading light 

Kissed Terba Buena kissed the isle "good-night." 



The Final Decree 

FINAL DECREE is the laconic inscription on the massive 
tombstone of Silas W. Sanderson (1824 - 1886), Justice of 
the Supreme Court of the State of California and subse- 
quently chief counselor of the Southern Pacific Company for 
many years. Sibyl Sanderson was his eldest daughter. Born in 
Sacramento, California, in 1865, she studied with La Grange 
and Massenet in Paris, and made a successful debut at the 
Opera-Comique in 1889; ten years later she sang at the Metro- 
politan Opera House in New York. 

Judge Sanderson was Chief Justice of California from 1864 to 
1866. Following him John Currey (1814- 1912), a pioneer of 
forty-nine, was Chief Justice for the next two years. The names 
of four well-known families appear on four plots at Laurel Hill, 
making a quadrangle: Scott, Cheesman, Decker, Currey. All 
are related. Judge Currey's wife was a daughter of Matthew 
Scott, who died in Japan. His monument was erected "by 
authority of His Imperial Japanese Majesty to commemorate 
the high respect and esteem in which Matthew Scott was held 
by the Imperial Government and the appreciation of his valu- 
able services to the Customs Department of Hiogo, from 1872 
to 1879." 


FEBRUARY 6, 1 822 

Judge Lorenzo Sawyer (1820-1891) followed Judge John 
Currey as Chief Justice for the next two years. Born on a farm 
in New York State, he crossed the plains to California in 1850, 
was Justice of the Supreme Court of California in 1863, and in 
1870 was appointed by President Grant Judge of the United 
States Circuit Court. When Governor Stanford laid the corner- 


stone of Stanford University at Palo Alto, May 14, 1887, Judge 
Sawyer, as president of the board of trustees, delivered the 
address. On the front of his stately marble vault at Laurel Hill 
are the words, "Born at LeRay, New York . . . " It should be 
"LeRoy." His son Houghton Sawyer was an architect in San 

Following Lorenzo Sawyer, Augustus L. Rhodes of Santa 
Clara County, who died October 23, 1918, past ninety years of 
age, was Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court from 
January I, 1870, to January i, 1872. 

The massive tombstone of G. Frank Smith, who died in 1891, 
stands near Judge Sawyer's vault. A daughter, Mrs. Leroy 
Harvey, resided in San Francisco; another daughter, Mrs. Char- 
lemagne Tower, widow of the former ambassador to Russia, re- 
sided for many years in Philadelphia, making frequent visits to 
California with her son or her grandchildren. 

James McMillan Shafter was one of the trustees named in the 
founding grant of Stanford University, November 1 1, 1885. As 
judge of the Superior Court of San Francisco, in 1889-1890, he 
rendered the final judgment in the Sharon case. Oscar Lovell 
Shafter, who died in Florence, Italy, in 1873, was n ^ s brother. 
Both were prominent in law and politics in California's early 
days. The old Shafter residence, with gardens surrounded by 
cypress trees, on Russian Hill, has long been a landmark. Judge 
Shafter was born in Vermont, May 27, 1816; he died in San 
Francisco, August 29, 1892, and was buried at Laurel Hill. 

Near the Shafter family plot is a large plot numbered 1540, 
on Woodland Avenue and Violet Path, which was purchased in 
early days by Henry H. Haight, tenth Governor of California. 
There sleeps his father, Fletcher M. Haight, for whom Haight 
Street was named. For a number of years after his arrival in 
California in 1854, Fletcher M. Haight practiced law in San 
Francisco with his son. He was subsequently appointed United 
States District Judge for the Southern District of California. 
He was born in 1799, and died February 25, 1866. The plot at 
Laurel Hill now stands in the names of Samuel Knight and 
Cameron H. King. 

Henry Huntly Haight was born at Rochester, New York, 
May 25, 1825, graduated from Yale, came to California in 1850, 
and engaged in the practice of law until the year of his nomina- 
tion for Governor. He was elected in 1867 as a War Democrat. 


During his administration California was a supporter of Presi- 
dent Andrew Johnson, rather than of Congress. The bill under 
which the University of California was established was signed 
by Governor Haight on March 23, 1868, and the College of Cali- 
fornia then became the State University, located at Berkeley. 

Governor Haight was one of the founders of Calvary Presby- 
terian Church in San Francisco, but later transferred his mem- 
bership to the Presbyterian Church in Oakland. He died in 
Oakland September 2, 1878. His son, Louis M. Haight, a gradu- 
ate of Yale and of the Cooper Medical College, practiced medi- 
cine in Stockton, California. 

Governor Frederick F. Low preceded Governor Haight. He 
was elected on the Union ticket. For more than twenty-five 
years his residence was at the corner of Sutter and Gough 
streets, until his death in 1894. 

When Peter Burnett, first Governor of California, resigned 
from his office on January 9, 1851, John McDougal became 
governor for the unexpired term. Born in Ohio, in 1818, son of 
Hon. John McDougal, member of the Ohio Legislature, young 
John McDougal had served in the Black Hawk War and in the 
War with Mexico, and came to the gold mines of California in 
1 849. From Sutter County he was elected a delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention, which sat at Monterey. He took an 
active part in the debates on the question of California's bound- 
ary. He was a fine-looking man, invariably appearing in a 
ruffled shirt-front. He died March 30, 1866, and was buried at 
Laurel Hill Cemetery in the plot of his brother David McDougal 
(afterward Rear-Admiral, United States Navy), on Jessamine 
Path. There is no monument to mark his grave. 

Commodore David McDougal arrived in San Francisco on 
the Golden Age, March 9, 1865, to take command of the Com- 
anche, which was built at the Union Iron Works. 






This inscription appears on the base of the bronze statue of 
Hall McAllister, by Robert Aitken. It stands at the McAllister 


Street entrance to the City Hall in San Francisco's Civic Center. 
Hall McAllister came to California in June, 1849. McAllister 
Street was named for him. His headstone stands in the center 
of his large family plot at Laurel Hill Cemetery; his father's 
grave is also there: 





Headstones also mark the graves of other members of their 
family, notably Cutler McAllister (1832-1879), and his son 
Julian McAllister (1858-1880). The descendants of Julian 
McAllister (1823- 1887), U. S. A., brother of Cutler, live in 
New York City. Another son of Judge Matthew Hall McAllister 
who attained distinction in his own way was Ward McAllister 
of New York who coined the term the "Four Hundred," to indi- 
cate Society. 

A new headstone in this plot, where lie representatives of four 
generations, marks the resting place of a grandson's ashes: 


MAY 14, 1896 - OCTOBER 24, 1927 


In the plot adjoining the greensward of the McAllister family 
towers a slender shaft which marks the grave of Thomas H. 
Williams of the old law firm Williams & Bixler. The ashes of 
Thomas H. Williams, Jr., who died November 15, 1915, are 
there. Hon. Sherrod Williams of Kentucky; Sherrod Williams 
who was born at Coloma, and names of members of their fami- 
lies may be seen on smaller headstones. 

Among the notable names at Lone Mountain of men who 
served as representatives in the United States Congress, there 
is Hon. Aaron Harlan, who died January 8, 1868, in his sixty- 
sixth year. The name Harlan is cut in the coping which sur- 
rounds plot 1683, where he rests beside his wife Amanda (1820 - 


Thomas Bowles Shannon, born in Pennsylvania, September 
21, 1821, was a Representative in Congress from California from 
1863 to 1865. He was surveyor at the Port of San Francisco 
from 1865 to 1869; after serving in the State Assembly, he be- 
came collector of customs at San Francisco in 1872, which office 
he held for eight years. He died February 21, 1897, and was 
buried in Masonic Cemetery. 

The large corner plot of Colonel Joseph P. Hoge, who died 
August 14, 1 89 1 ^ at eighty years of age, is located on the hill 
near Dr. Elias S. Cooper's tall monument. It is numbered on 
the map, 943. Colonel Hoge's sister married a brother of 
Samuel M. Wilson. Three years before his death, Colonel Hoge 
was elected on the Democratic ticket a judge of the Superior 
Court of San Francisco, but he continued to be known as 
"Colonel." His daughter Pauline married Delphin M. Delmas, 
who died at Santa Monica in 1928, eighty-four years of age. 

Attorney Alexander P. L. Crittenden (1816-1870), who 
drafted many of the statutes passed at the first session of the 
California State Legislature, was buried at Laurel Hill. The 
story of his tragic death appeared in a semi-historical novel en- 
titled "The Golconda Bonanza." Born in Kentucky, a graduate 
of West Point Military Academy, Crittenden came to California 
in 1849. After practicing law at Los Angeles, San Jose, and 
other places, he came from Virginia City to San Francisco in 
1866, and formed a partnership with Samuel M. Wilson. The 
firm of Wilson & Crittenden continued until Crittenden's death. 
He was shot on an Oakland ferry boat by Laura D. Fair. Mrs. 
Fair was defended by Elisha Cook (1823 1871), who is also 
buried at Laurel Hill. Harry Byrne was the district attorney 
who prosecuted the case. She was convicted of murder and sen- 
tenced to be hanged; but the Supreme Court reversed the judg- 
ment and ordered a new trial. 

Byrne died soon after the expiration of his fourth term as 
district attorney, on March i, 1872, when forty-eight years of 
age. At the new trial Laura D. Fair was acquitted on the 
ground of insanity. 

Judge Selden S. Wright (March 7, 1822 - February 26, 1893), 
came to San Francisco in 1860. For four years he served as pro- 
bate judge, and before him the celebrated case of the will of 
Horace Hawes was tried. Both men are buried at Laurel Hill. 

Horace Hawes (1813-1871) was the author of the Consolida- 


tion Act, which kept San Francisco out of debt for some forty 
years. He drew an elaborate will establishing a "Chamber of 
Industry." But his will was broken, and his large estate was 
distributed in accordance with the provisions of the California 
Code for the succession of estates of those who die intestate. 
Beside Horace Hawes at Laurel Hill lies his wife Caroline 
(1823 - 1895). In the same plot a monument marks the grave 
of Alfred Robinson (1807 - 1895); his wife was one of the de la 
Guerra family of Santa Barbara. James Robinson, their son, 
married the daughter of Horace Hawes. Alfred Robinson came 
to California from Massachusetts, in 1829; his "Life in Cali- 
fornia" is an interesting narrative of life here before the annexa- 
tion of California to the United States. His eldest daughter, 
Anna M. Robinson, died in San Francisco February n, 1860, 
when twenty-two years of age. She was buried in a crypt be- 
neath the altar of Old St. Mary's Church. Three tombs are 

Frederick Palmer Tracy (1815 - 1860) arrived in San Fran- 
cisco August 1 8, 1849, on the same steamer with Judge John 
Currey (1814 - 1912) and Annis Merrill (1810 - 1905). He was 
city attorney of San Francisco from 1857 to 1859. He had 
stumped the state for his party, and then went East to attend 
Lincoln's inauguration, where he died. His funeral services were 
held at Platt's Hall, and he was buried at Lone Mountain, where 
his friends erected a monument. 

Robert Paul Hastings, who was born at Benicia, March 21, 
1855, and died in San Francisco, October 5, 1890, was a son of 
S. Clinton Hastings, who founded Hastings College of the Law, 
and was Chief Justice from December 22, 1849, to January i, 
1852. Robert P. Hastings was the husband of Mamie Coghill, 
who died in England. She was famous for her beauty. Her 
mother married Reverend John Hemphill, D.D., who died at 
Los Gatos. Representatives of three generations rest in the 
family plot at Laurel Hill, which stands in the name of Mrs. 
Lizzie Coghill. 

Samuel Cowles (1823-1880) was one of the prominent law- 
yers of the early days whose deed to his cemetery plot was re- 
corded in the city's archives. In the "Index to Books of Deeds" 
it appears: "Laurel Hill to Samuel Cowles, recorded January 
13, 1871." On the modest headstone of his son-in-law Judge 
Timothy H. Rearden (1839 ~ 1892) one reads simply the words 


"34th Ohio Infantry." Judge Rearden will be remembered in 
San Francisco as a contributor to Bret Harte's Overland Monthly . 
"Life's Fevered Day Declines" is one of his poems, which is 
often quoted. 

A deed from Lone Mountain Cemetery to William S. Clark, 
dated May 4, 1858, was recorded in Liber 77 of Deeds, page 211. 
These deeds conveyed title which the City of San Francisco is 
bound to respect. 

In 1869 a deed was recorded from Laurel Hill to R. H. Lloyd. 
No names appear inscribed on the massive stone which covers 
the Lloyd plot, Number 2500, in the shape of a cross extended 
on the ground. Reuben H. Lloyd (1836 - 1909) was a prominent 
Mason and a distinguished attorney. He never held any public 
office. He never married, and lived nearly all his life in his old 
home on Folsom Street, near Sixth. As a boy he entered the law 
offices of Solomon A. Sharp, and James A. McDougall, who 
afterward became United States Senator from California. For 
many years Solomon A. Sharp and his family resided at the 
corner of Clay and Jones streets, where his son, Sol A. Sharp, 
Jr., was born. The magnificent view of the bay and Contra 
Costa shore is still unintercepted by buildings, and this property 
now belongs to the William Pierce Johnson estate. 

The deed for plot 1867 was recorded May i, 1872: "Laurel 
Hill to Lewis Pierce and Henry Pierce." On this plot was 
placed a shaft bearing the names of Henry Pierce, Lewis Pierce, 
William Pierce, and Ira Pierce. William Pierce Johnson, who 
was born July 27, 1859, and died in Paris, August 24, 1926, was 
a member of this family. 

The most conspicuous monument in Laurel Hill Cemetery is 
probably the tall shaft which marks the grave of Senator David 
C. Broderick. 

The most grandiose monument is Senator Fair's miniature 
reproduction of the Gothic Sainte Chapelle. 

The most imposing monument at Laurel Hill is that of the 
William B. Bourn family. It stands on a hill, looking toward 
the ocean; at its base descends a sheer cliff an ancient quarry. 
From this point you can see the ships come in from far out at 
sea. The monument is a pyramid that form which in Egypt 
has for centuries defied the sand storms sweeping from the 


Libyan desert, and which has even more successfully defied the 
vandal hand of man. 

The most laconic epitaph at Laurel Hill is that inscribed on 
Judge Sanderson's massive tomb : 


In the winter of 1850, when the city had no money, a pesti- 
lence came upon San Francisco. As there were no public hospi- 
tals at that time San Francisco made a contract with one, Peter 
Smith, to care for her sick poor at the rate of four dollars per 
day, per person, and she paid Dr. Smith in scrip. When the 
contract amounted to $64,431 Peter Smith presented a bill. 
But the city did not pay the bill, and there were attempts to 
repudiate the debt. 

Then Peter Smith brought suit against the city and got 
judgment; he levied execution. "Execution," says the old legal 
maxim, "is the fruit of the judgment and the end of the law- 
ing." But the execution which Peter Smith levied on San Fran- 
cisco turned out to be only the beginning of the lawing. The 
sheriff duly advertised the sale of San Francisco's beach and 
water lots. 

The sale took place, but the contempt expressed by the city 
for Peter Smith's execution sale was so frank and open that 
prices under the sale ruled extremely low, and Peter Smith did 
not get satisfaction for his judgment. In short, the City of San 
Francisco cheated him out of his just dues. But the City of 
San Francisco also cheated herself. 

The whirligig of time brings its just revenges. The cheated 
Peter passed away. Years rolled by, and the Peter Smith title 
slowly filtered through the courts. At last the highest courts 
held that the Peter Smith title was good. San Francisco paid 
dearly for her attempt to defraud. The speculators with "slugs," 
the gamblers with their "little fliers" won, and for more than 
half a century the real estate titles of San Francisco were 
clouded by the claims of Peter Smith. Long after Peter Smith 
was reposing in his grave his ghost still haunted the corridors of 
the San Francisco courts and squeaked and gibbered through 
San Francisco's streets. 


Writers and Artists 

WHEN Charles Rollo Peters of the magic moonlight 
brush interred his wife in the old cemetery at Mon- 
terey, he had Newton Tharp design a noble sepulcher, 
and he carved upon it certain beautifully appropriate verses 
written by one of our San Francisco poets, Louis Alexander 
Robertson. The author of "Ataxia" thought deeply on death. 
It is fitting that his sonnet on Lone Mountain should be given 

I'bou cross-crowned bit!, to which I often turn, 

Although no dead of mine lie slumbering there ', 
I watch the western skies behind thee burn, 

And my pale lips are parted with a prayer^ 

ill resignation drives away despair. 
With tear-dimmed eyes I gaze and can discern 
tfhe silent res ting-place for which I yearn, 

And unto which with faltering feet I fare. 

When I shall rest beneath thee evermore, 

And cold, gray fogs drift o'er me from the deep, 

Perchance who knows? the voices of the sea, 
Rolling in deep-toned music from the shore, 
May not be all unheard in that last sleep, 

Murmuring a long, low slumber-song to me. 

"Rest beneath thee evermore," sang Robertson. It must 
appear strange to the appraiser of mere real estate values that 
poets exclude from their verses all idea of cemetery removal ! 

Cemetery means literally "a sleeping place." Surely sleep 
should be undisturbed! Think of France proposing to move the 
bodies of our boys who are sleeping Over There. It is incon- 

In 1871 the San Francisco Art Association was launched. 
Within a few years its membership counted over six hundred 
names, and it was able to lease rooms on Pine Street over the 


California Market, on the same floor as the Bohemian Club; in 
fact, the Art Association was a sub-tenant of the Club, which 
held a lease of the entire floor. Later the Art Association occu- 
pied the Mark Hopkins sumptuous residence. For a number of 
years Virgil Williams, portrait painter, landscape artist, was 
director of the Art Association, and to his untiring efforts may 
be attributed the success of its School of Design, now grown to 
be one of the institutions of the art world. Gutzon Borglum, 
Robert I. Aitken, Harrison Fisher, Jules Pages, and many other 
notable artists studied there. 

Virgil Williams was a dear friend of Robert Louis Stevenson, 
as was Charles Warren Stoddard. "When we called on him at 
the Occidental Hotel," said Jerome Hart, "he received us in bed 
in pajamas. He smoked cigarettes incessantly and entertained 
us as if he were really pleased to have some one to talk to. His 
cousin Bob, Robert A. M. Stevenson, used to say, 'R. L. S. is 
too damn explanatory.' But Stevenson had travelled much and 
he talked entertainingly, and we always enjoyed our visits with 
him. Robert Louis Stevenson was a good talker." 

It was the stimulation of Charles Warren Stoddard's "South 
Sea Idyls" that sent R. L. S. to the mid-Pacific; the two first 
met in San Francisco. 

Since the year 1893 the San Francisco Art Institute and 
School of Design has been affiliated with the University of Cali- 
fornia, and is now housed in its own building on Chestnut Street; 
but there are many old Bohemians who recall with pleasure the 
days when the Bohemian Club and the Art Association shared 
the same floor, when Virgil Williams, talented artist and leading 
spirit of the Bohemian Club, was its director. His headstone at 
Laurel Hill is unique in lettering and in design evidently the 
work of an artist. 


DIED DECEMBER 1 8, 1 886, AGED 56 

Among San Francisco artists the work of Charles and Arthur 
Nahl ranks high. Their business card in 1868 read: "Nahl 
Brothers, art and photographic gallery, 121 Montgomery 
Street." Their "Sawmill at Coloma" and "Sunday Morning in 
the Mines," and their portrait studies of the gold-mining era, 


are notable. Perham Nahl and Virgil Nahl were sons. At 
Laurel Hill we find a quaint bust in bronze, and on the pedestal 
an inscription in German text: 


William Keith was born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, in 1839, 
and after an apprenticeship as a wood engraver came to Cali- 
fornia at the age of twenty. With brief absences in Munich to 
study portrait painting, and in New York and Boston, he 
passed the greater part of his life in California. Friend of John 
Muir, the two men shared their love for the Sierras and the 
giant redwoods. William Keith's first wife, like himself, was a 
painter. She died in San Francisco, and was buried at Laurel 
Hill. Lizzie Emerson, wife of William Keith, was born in 
Maine and died March 9, 1882, forty- three years of age. 

On a monument of rich brown travertine which marks the 
grave of A. Page Brown is chiseled in Latin the epitaph of Sir 
Christopher Wren in St. Paul's Cathedral, London: "Wouldst 
thou behold his monument? look around!" It was Page Brown 
who planned San Francisco's ferry clock-tower, modeled on the 
beautiful Giralda Tower at Seville, Spain. He died in 1896, 
leaving a marked impression upon the architecture of San 

The first number of the San Francisco Argonaut appeared 
March 25, 1877. For twenty-seven years Jerome A. Hart 
was associated with the Argonaut as contributor, editor, and 
owner. Born in San Francisco, in view of the water front, at 
a time when the life of the city centered in the arrival of the 
clippers, the square riggers, the frigates, the packet boats, the 
sloops of war, young Jerome Hart determined to become an 
admiral. His studies were directed toward preparing for a 
course at the United States Naval Academy. However, he was 
disappointed in securing the promised appointment, and was 
forced to turn his attention to making a career for himself in 
some other line. He chose the publishing business. He became 
a great editor, a vigorous writer, a master craftsman in the art 
of typography. "In Our Second Century" was his latest pub- 
lished book. "The Golconda Bonanza" and "The Vigilante 
Time," his two historical novels blending history, tradition and 


romance, are thrilling stones of far Western life. His biography 
of Victorien Sardou is an authority on the work of the French 
dramatist. His travel books are interesting, keenly observant, 
unconventional. He was a widely read and experienced critic, 
and his comments drew attention. On long hikes through the 
redwoods, and over the Marin hills and San Francisco's sand 
dunes, he drew his inspiration from nature. "Gentleness, Vir- 
tue, Wisdom, and Endurance," said the poet Shelley these 
were his characteristic traits. Sports were not neglected, and 
the busy editor was never too much occupied to enjoy each day 
a bicycle ride or a round of golf, or to witness a tennis game or a 
prize fight. He never cared to hold a public office, but for many 
years he moulded public opinion through his weekly editorial 
page. With old-time chivalry he was one of the most tactful and 
courteous of men; in spite of clever raillery and ready wit, he 
was incapable of rancour. He was always willing to see the 
other side of every question. His complete mastery of English 
was supplemented by wide reading in the Romance languages; 
he was never at a loss for the right word. His political editorials 
had a literary flavor; his after-dinner speeches were possessed of 
charm and a vivid background. He was a highly accomplished 
man. "A brilliant mind," said the Spectator, "endowed with 
powers of expression and discernment, he wrote as he saw 
things; he wielded a potent literary influence in California." 

For the preservation of Laurel Hill as a Memorial Park he 
used his influence as a voter, as an historian, as a writer. The 
inscription on his sepulcher, in his native city, reads: 


SEPTEMBER 6, 1 854 -JANUARY 3, 1937 

In 1855 tne San Francisco Bulletin was founded by James 
King of William. James King was born in Georgetown, D. C., 
January 28, 1822, son of William King. He came to California 
in 1848, and engaged in banking for a time, before he became 
editor of the Bulletin. He was a fearless writer, and vigorously 
attacked corruption, professional gambling, and immorality, 
thereby making for himself many enemies. On leaving his office 
one evening he was shot down by James P. Casey, and died six 
days later on May 20, 1856. When the citizens sought to lynch 


the assassin, Mayor James Van Ness promptly engaged their 
attention with an eloquent appeal to go to their homes without 
violence. Mayor Van Ness spoke on the side of law and order 
but did not succeed in saving Casey. At the very hour when the 
funeral procession of James King of William was on its way 
toward Lone Mountain, James Casey and Charles Cora were 
taken from the jail and hanged. Both men were buried in Mis- 
sion Dolores graveyard. The Crescent Fire Engine Company 
built a monument there for Casey. Cora was after a time re- 
moved to Calvary Cemetery, where he lies beside his wife. 

Mayor James Van Ness, for whom Van Ness Avenue was 
named, rests in his family plot at Laurel Hill Cemetery. Thomas 
Van Ness, Jr., the San Francisco attorney, is his grandson. 

James Nisbet, born in Scotland November i, 1816, was on the 
staff of the Bulletin when his chief, James King, was shot down 
by an assassin. He was one of the three authors of the "Annals 
of San Francisco," which was completed and published just be- 
for the Bulletin was started. Nisbet lost his life in the wreck of 
the Pacific Mail Steamship Brother Jonathan, which was driven 
on a rock off the Oregon Coast, north of Crescent City, on Octo- 
ber 30, 1865. His body was recovered and brought to Laurel 
Hill, where he was buried near the grave of his old chief. 

C. O. Gerberding was also one of the proprietors of the Bulle- 
tin during the stirring times of the Vigilantes. His son Albert 
Gerberding (1852- 1902) was for some years president of the 
Grain Exchange. In 1892 he was president of the Bohemian 
Club when that organization determined to leave the old build- 
ing leased from the Lent estate, and to establish itself in a new 
building erected for them on Sutter Street by Simeon Wenban. 
When the Wenban building was completed the Club directors 
found they could not undertake to pay the expenses of so large 
a club house; hence the lease was cancelled, and they remained 
in their old quarters until the fire of 1906. The graves of both 
Albert Gerberding and his father are at Laurel Hill. 

Two later editors of the Bulletin and the Call, George K. Fitch 
and Loring Pickering, are buried at Laurel Hill. Also John 
Bonner (1828 - 1899), for many years contributor to the San 
Francisco Argonaut, the Call, and other journals. 

Ferdinand and Lawrence Vassault were known in San Fran- 
cisco for many years as newspaper writers for various eastern 
journals and for the San Francisco Argonaut. Both were gradu- 


ates of the University of California. Their father, Ferdinand 
Vassault, was a pioneer merchant with warehouses at Clark's 
Point prior to 1850. It is said he once brought out a cargo of ice 
and apples from Boston in the ship Lucas, which netted him a 
fortune. The ice kept the apples in good condition on the voy- 
age through the tropics, and what remained on arrival was sold 
for a bit a pound. The apples brought $35 a barrel. In 1868 the 
residence of the Vassault family was at 37 South Park, a resi- 
dence site modeled on Gramercy Park, but deserted after some 
years by the wealthy residents for locations on the hills. Rincon 
Hill was first built on; then, when the cable railways proved 
practicable, Nob Hill, Russian Hill, and Presidio Heights be- 
came the favored residence districts. The Vassault family 
scattered; but after many years the ashes of the two sons were 
brought to the large family plot at Laurel Hill for burial beside 
their father's grave. 

William H. Rhodes (1822 - 1876), who wrote over the name 
"Caxton," is buried at Laurel Hill with his wife and daughter. 
Educated at Princeton, admitted to the bar after two years at 
the Harvard Law School, Rhodes came to San Francisco in 
1850, and practiced law until the time of his death. He had 
many warm friends, among them Daniel O'Connell and W. H. 
L. Barnes. Many of his shorter poems and several brilliant 
addresses were written for the Bohemian Club. In "Caxton's 
Book," published in 1876, are collected his poems and the 
cleverest of his short stories, among them "The Case of Sum- 
merfield" and "The Boy With the Telescopic Eye." His 
spirited poem "The Avitor" was deemed fantastic when it ap- 
peared; yet it was a remarkable prophecy of the flight of an air- 
plane in our day, some fifty years later, over Mount Diablo and 
eastward over the high Sierras to Great Salt Lake. 

In the large plot of Torrence and Parker, adjoining Edward 
Pollock's, lies Mrs. Judah, who was a member of the Old Cali- 
fornia Theatre Company. One of her most popular roles was 
the Nurse, played to Adelaide Neilson's "Juliet." She became 
the wife of John Torrence, stage carpenter and property man at 
the California Theatre; their graves at Laurel Hill are marked 
by a single headstone: 




Edwin Booth, in one of his familiar "Letters to His Friends," 
wrote on April 9, 1883, from Vienna, where he was stopping at 
that time: "Poor Mrs. Judah she must have been very old. 
I remember her from my earliest days." 

In 1852, the Booth family first came to San Francisco. Junius 
Brutus Booth had been secured to fill an engagement by Thomas 
Maguire, and was accompanied west by his sons Junius Brutus, 
Jr., and Edwin. It was in San Francisco, at a benefit for a fellow 
actor, that Edwin Booth first played Richard III, subsequently 
one of his greatest roles. Although but a youth of twenty the 
excellence of his performance won the praise of Ferdinand Ewer, 
in an article for the Alta California of April 22, 1853, which was 
widely copied. The warm friendship thus begun between young 
Booth and Ferdinand Ewer ended only with the death of the 
writer many years later. Harriet Mace, wife of Junius Brutus 
Booth, Jr., was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. DON'T CRY 
is the admonition on her headstone. 

Dr. Felix P. Wierzbicki, a Polish physician and author, came 
to California in 1847 as hospital steward on board the Loo Cboo. 
He died December 26, 1860, and was buried at Lone Mountain 
Cemetery in the Chain Plot, Tier 3, Grave 55. His book, "Cali- 
fornia as It is and as It may be, or, A Guide to the Gold Region," 
has been recently reprinted by the Grabhorn Press, with a most 
interesting introduction by Dr. George Lyman. This was the 
first book in the English language to be printed in California. 
The first "criticism" of this book of sixty pages was written by 
Ferdinand Ewer for the Pacific News. When young Ferdinand 
Ewer arrived in San Francisco, September 16, 1849, it was 
difficult for him, a graduate of Harvard, to find employment. 
For a while he drafted maps for City Surveyor W. M. Eddy. 
But at the same time he was gathering news items for the press 
which led to his connection with the Pacific News, first as a re- 
porter, then as editor. In his diary, Ferdinand Ewer describes 
San Francisco as "an odd little village of a few hundred shanties 
and tents around the plaza, very lively, much business, very 
dusty, very rough, with a couple of hundred ships in the harbor 
at anchor." Ewer Place, off Mason Street, was named for him. 
His father, Peter F. Ewer, had made a sketch of San Francisco 


as it seemed to him early in 1849, when there were thirty vessels 
and one steamer in the bay at anchor, and only one pier. This 
sketch was preserved by the son with his diary and scrapbook 
("Life of Ferdinand C. Ewer" by Henry Raub Wagner); he 
probably did not sign the sketch until 1861, when he copied the 
diary from the original notes. 

The preface to the first edition of Dr. Wierzbicki's book on 
California was dated September 30, 1849. The preface to the 
second edition, with some added pages, was dated December 30, 
of the same year. The printing was done by Washington Bart- 
lett, No. 8 Clay Street. This was the Washington Bartlett who 
published the Journal of Commerce in 1850, and who did the 
state printing for the first California legislature. Years later he 
was elected mayor of San Francisco; but probably his most 
notable achievement was the publication of Dr. Wierzbicki's 
book in 1849, tne fi rst book in the English language to be printed 
in the State of California. 

Fresh flowers are often found on the grave of Dr. Louis Lisser 
(1850 1919), much-loved teacher of the piano. Born in Stettin, 
Germany, November 29, 1850, son of Emil Lisser, he came to 
San Francisco in July, 1879, an< ^ at once became a leader in 
musical and artistic circles. He was founder of the San Fran- 
cisco Symphony Society, and became a member of the Art 
Association; he joined the Bohemian Club in 1900. 

The name Richard L. Yanke, another of our musicians who is 
buried in Laurel Hill, at once recalls the waltz, the mazurka, 
the schottische, and the German dances almost unknown to 
the youth of today. 

Rudolph Herold, who was born in Prussia March 29, 1832, 
and died in San Francisco July 25, 1889, was a favorite in his 
day. He was the pioneer orchestra leader in San Francisco, 
and organized the Philharmonic Concerts. His large family 
plot at Laurel Hill was taken over by his son Rudolph Herold, 
Jr., who was for many years a trustee of Laurel Hill Cemetery 

On the west side of Pioneer Path stands the vine-covered 
vault of the Woodworth family. Long years ago Samuel Wood- 
worth, printer, editor, and author, living in New York City, in 
an outburst of longing for his country home, wrote the much- 
loved poem "The Old Oaken Bucket." He was born in Ply- 
mouth County, Massachusetts, January 13, 1785; he died in 


New York City, December 9, 1842. After a time his family 
came to live in San Francisco. His son, Commodore Selim E. 
Woodworth (1815-1871), crossed the plains in forty-six, 
promptly took command of an expedition outfitted in Yerba 
Buena and at Slitter's Fort to rescue a party of starving emi- 
grants, was elected State Senator from Monterey, and was uni- 
versally known as a high-minded and generous citizen. William 
M. Woodworth, one of the sons of Commodore Woodworth, be- 
came assistant professor of natural history at Harvard Uni- 
versity. In the Spring of 1896 he made a short stay in San 
Francisco. He was bound for the South Seas on an expedition 
undertaken by Alexander Agassiz, with a party of scientists, for 
the purpose of exploring the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. 
Commodore Selim E. Woodworth and his brother Frederick 
acquired considerable real estate in early days, and came to be 
ranked among the wealthy men of San Francisco. They were 
prominent members of the Society of California Pioneers. 

In the "Chronological History of Principal Events/' as set 
down in the opening pages of the San Francisco Directory for 
the year 1866, appear the following paragraphs, which tell their 
own story: 

February 2, 1865. Frederick Woodworth, an old and highly respected citi- 
zen, and son of Samuel Woodworth, the author of 'The Old Oaken Bucket," 
died today. 

September 28, 1865. The remains of Samuel Woodworth, author of "The 
Old Oaken Bucket," arrived on the ship Orpbeus for interment with the 
family dead. 

In the family vault the author of "The old oaken bucket, the 
moss-covered bucket that hangs in the well," was buried; and 
there for more than fifty years he rested. But his descendants 
have recently removed his ashes to another city. 

He is gone ! The young and gifted ! 
By his own strong pinions lifted 
To the stars. 

Thus mourned the friends of another much-loved poet, 
Edward Pollock (1823- 1858), who came from Philadelphia to 
make his fortune in the new Eldorado. He was one of the con- 
tributors to Ferdinand Ewer's Pioneer Monthly. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar but did not live to practice law. Finding the 


grave of Edward Pollock at Laurel Hill, an Old Timer is in- 
spired to plead with San Francisco's city fathers for the preser- 
vation of Laurel Hill Cemetery as a Memorial Park. This 
earnest plea appeared in The Recorder of April 21 3 1937: 

An Open Letter to the Board of Supervisors 

GENTLEMEN: Those of us who follow your doings from afar, that is to say, 
through the columns of the newspapers, are frequently puzzled to penetrate 
the meaning of this, that or the other action that you take. For instance, are 
we to understand that you have given the quietus to the noble plan of conver- 
ting the eastern part of historic old Laurel Hill Cemetery into a Memorial 

There are many of us who have our roots in the life, yes and in the hal- 
lowed ground, of San Francisco, who firmly hold that the bodies of our Pioneer 
Great should not be ordered out of that sacred place. 

We feel that the final passage of an ordinance directing the transfer some- 
where beyond the county line of the venerated dust of the makers of our 
history is quite too brutal in its finality. Hence, knowing you to be gentlemen 
of good hearts and warm human impulses, we prefer to believe that you do 
not propose to obliterate ALL of Laurel Hill. 

Unlike the western reaches of this burial ground, the eastern part that con- 
fronts the passerby on Presidio Avenue is beautiful, it is lovingly tended, it 
is the Stoke Pogis of San Francisco, and its tombs bear names that explain 
why San Francisco became a great city. 

Gentlemen, you must know because you have had every opportunity of 
knowing how many of our United States Senators, how many of our Gov- 
ernors, how many of those others who made our beloved city, lie at rest in 
those few acres in the fine old phrase, in God's acre. 

Why should they not be permitted to lie in peace? The living, who speak 
for them, have asked that their rest be undisturbed; that the glorious old 
trees of Laurel Hill continue to guard their mortal remains; and that we be 
permitted to keep in San Francisco this garden spot that is as dear to us as 
Mission Dolores churchyard that should be as inviolate to all of us as 
Trinity churchyard in New York. 

Among the great of Laurel Hill, the great whose names have been recited 
to you so many times by the God-blessed champions of our higher traditions 
among those great men of earlier years a poet rests. Have you ever heard 
of Edward Pollock? Perhaps not. His is a humble grave, but not too hard 
to find. And it is in the part of Laurel Hill that should be preserved for a 
Memorial Park. 

Edward Pollock has rested there since the Christmastide of 1858. Gentle- 
men, that's a long time, as we count years in this city of ours. Why cannot 
Edward Pollock's dust remain there forever? A sign painter when he came 
to San Francisco in 1852, Edward Pollock was admitted to the bar by the 
Supreme Court of our State three years later. Meanwhile he had won more 
than 16cal renown as a poet. His "Chandos Picture," a noble tribute to 
Shakespeare, has won the immortality of many anthologies of verse. 



When he died in '58 at the age of thirty-five, his brother poets of San 
Francisco wept at his grave in Laurel Hill. W. H. ("Caxton") Rhodes was 
one of these. And Frank Soule, who wrote our Annals. And most distin- 
guished of all, Charles Warren Stoddard. 

Here are the eloquent lines that our Stoddard was inspired to write when 
he stood at the Laurel Hill resting place of his brother-poet: 


One seared leaf quivering down 

From the green choir that walls thy brief 

This is the poet's crown! 

Where is thy skilful lute, 

That could provoke the birds to sweet 

Alas! forever mute! 

The hand that drew the balm 

Of ravishing music from tuned strings is calm; 

The worm feeds on thy palm. 

Not the majestic sweep 

Of subtle melodies thy nerve could keep 

From out the dusty heap. 

The eager sun-rays dart 

Through silken grasses, searching for thy 

Of perfect gold a part. 

The frail vine mantling 

Thy undeserved nakedness doth cling 

About thee, perishing. 

Though no cut altar-stone 

Is set to tell these ashes are thine own, 

Thou art not all unknown. 

Nor dost thou, voiceless, wait; 

A thousand whispering tongues shall 

The Heaven's pearly gate; 

Singing thine unsung songs, 

Chanting thy praises out of tuneful throngs, 

And righting all thy wrongs. 

I would some song dispense, 

But falter in my homely utterance, 

For music is flown hence. 

Shakespeare's epitaph invokes a curse on any rash enough to move his 
bones. We do not go that far nowadays. Yet our great, at least, should remain 
in the place of their resting when the surroundings are an inspiration, as they 
are in that part of Laurel Hill where Edward Pollock sleeps. 

Gentlemen, despite the final passage of your ordinance on Monday after- 
noon, let us hear from you again let us hear from you in complete and in 
San Franciscan sympathy on the subject of a Laurel Hill Memorial Park. 



James Donahue, were born in Glasgow of Irish parents; in 1849 
they arrived in San Francisco. James Donahue died in August, 
1862, at Laurel Wood, his stock farm in Santa Clara County. 
He was buried in Calvary Cemetery. He was twice married. 
His daughter Mamie married Baron Von Schroeder, who died 
in Germany after the World War. His son. Peter S. Donahue, 
lived for many years at Laurel Wood, and died unmarried June 
3, 1910, an amiable bachelor, and one of the picturesque figures 
in the society life of the nineties. The monumental drinking 
fountain on lower Market Street in San Francisco, at the inter- 
section of Bush and Battery streets, was erected in memory of 
Peter Donahue, with a fund of $25,000 left by his son, Mervyn. 
A spirited bronze group by Douglas Tilden, the deaf-mute 
sculptor, surmounts a massive granite base. At this crowded 
intersection of four streets it serves as a refuge for pedestrians. 





San Francisco was fortunate in the high class of her mayors 
during the critical period of the seventies. Prominent citizens 
were chosen by the nominating conventions, and were elected 
by the people. July i, 1869, Thomas H. Selby became mayor. 
An era of progress followed. 

Following Thomas H. Selby, William Alvord was mayor for 
two years. Following him, James Otis became mayor July i, 
1873. He had been a warm friend and supporter of Thomas 
Starr King, and in 1 864 he was sent as a delegate to the National 
Convention which met in Baltimore and nominated Abraham 
Lincoln for re-election. Again, in 1872, James Otis was sent as 
a delegate to the National Convention when General Grant was 
nominated in Philadelphia. He was prominent in San Fran- 
cisco's protest against granting Yerba Buena Island to any rail- 
way company. James Otis was born in Boston and when quite 
young entered the firm of Macondray & Company. He served 
on the Board of Supervisors, in the State Legislature, as presi- 
dent of the Chamber of Commerce, as president of the Mercan- 
tile Library Association and Laurel Hill Cemetery Association. 
He died in October, 1875, an< ^ was buried at Laurel Hill. Head- 


stones in his large family plot mark the graves of Frederick W. 
Macondray and his wife, and William A. Macondray and his 

Andrew Jackson Bryant became mayor of San Francisco De- 
cember 4, 1875, an d served for four years. He was a discreet 
business man and stood at the helm during the Kearney riots 
which threatened to disrupt the city. When General Grant ar- 
rived in San Francisco on the City of Tokio, September 20, 1 879, 
after two years spent in a world tour, Mayor Bryant greeted 
him at the pier. Among the many entertainments given in honor 
of General Grant and his party, Senator William Sharon's recep- 
tion at his country estate at Belmont was a fete long to be re- 
membered by the fifteen hundred or more guests. Miss Flora 
Sharon, who assisted her father in receiving the guests, later 
became Lady Fermor-Hesketh, and went to live in England. 
When she died, in 1924, her ashes were brought to Laurel Hill 
and placed in her father's tomb. 

In early days the Bank of California bought a large plot at 
Laurel Hill for their employees and members of the corporation. 
It was afterward transferred to the late Robert F. Morrow, the 
Comstock magnate. His ashes are buried there. He died June 
5, 1918, eighty-six years of age. He and Adam Grant, who died 
March 21, 1904, were the principal owners of the old Sutter 
Street and Geary Street car lines. Mrs. Adam Grant, who died 
November 30, 1926, at the age of eighty-seven, came to Cali- 
fornia from England by way of the Hawaiian Islands in 1849. 
Joseph D. Grant of San Francisco is her son. 



DIED JUNE 29, 1865, AGED 29 YEARS 


On October 14, 1886, some twenty years after his death, Dr. 
Edmund Gardiner Bryant, who died in Virginia City, Nevada, 
was brought to Laurel Hill to rest in Plot 2604, which stands in 
the name of Marie L. Mackay. He was her first husband. After 
her second marriage, Mrs. John W. Mackay (who had been 
Marie Louise Hungerford Bryant), while her children were 
young, went to live in Paris. She became a patron of the arts 
and the friend of many American girls. She took a prominent 


part in the receptions held in the French capital for General 
Grant's party during his famous trip around the world. Her 
daughter, Eva Bryant, was married to Prince Galatro-Colonna, 
and took up her residence in Italy. Mrs. Mackay's portrait was 
painted by Meissonier; but it did not please her, and she did not 
exhibit it, which gave offense to the French people. 

Meanwhile her charming character and the good she did 
with her great wealth inspired the creation of the character of 
Mrs. Scott in Ludovic Halevy's "L'Abbe Constantin," one of 
the books read by little boys and girls all over the world when 
they are studying their first French. And so Mrs. Mackay is not 
merely to be regarded as a personage in Parisian society she is 
a figure in a novel that belongs immortally to French literature. 

Always cosmopolitan in her tastes, Mrs. Mackay then moved 
to London. Established at 6 Carlton House Terrace she enter- 
tained lavishly for many years, and there the Prince of Wales 
was her guest. Through her many social triumphs and her long 
residence abroad she still held "in loving memory" the sweet- 
heart of her young days. Some years after the death of her 
second husband in London, July 20, 1902, Mrs. Mackay re- 
turned to New York. On September 5, 1928, at the home of her 
son, Clarence H. Mackay, at Roslyn, New York, she died at the 
age of eighty-five. Her three grandchildren were at her bedside: 
John W. Mackay, Mrs. Kenneth O'Brien, and Mrs. Irving 

Jonathan Kittredge, who was born November 12, 1824, came 
to California by way of Panama in 1849. He established a black- 
smith shop at Clark's Point, and afterwards became the owner 
of the Phoenix Iron Works. His brother Joseph Kittredge 
(1800 - 1882) was proprietor of the Pioneer Iron Works. Both 
are buried at Laurel Hill in their family plot on Mt. Hope Path. 


In 1919, the ashes of Nathan Stein were placed beside his 
twin brother's grave. The twins, Aaron and Nathan, set sail 
together on life's long voyage; but Nathan did not drop anchor 
here till nineteen years after Aaron. Wells Fargo erected their 


Under a granite slab lie George T. Marye (1817- 1883) and 
his wife Helen, who died in 1902. He was a prominent citizen 
of Virginia City and later of San Francisco. The story of his life 
was published in San Francisco by his son, George T. Marye, 
Jr., in a volume entitled "From '49 to '83 in California and 
Nevada," dedicated "To the Society of California Pioneers, 
whose members shared in all the hardships and achievements of 
those early days." George T. Marye, Jr., was Ambassador to 
Russia at the outbreak of the World War. 

In the miniature Gothic temple of rich brown sandstone built 
by Nicholas Luning many years ago, rests his son-in-law: 

JULY 10, 1855 -JANUARY 14, 1897 

Dr. Jonathan Clark died at the old Grand Hotel in San Fran- 
cisco March 29, 1884. He was born in Crawfordsville, Indiana, 
February 26, 1826, a great-grandson of Abraham Clark, signer 
of the Declaration of Independence and member of the Conti- 
nental Congress from New Jersey. While a youth in Iowa, 
Jonathan Clark enlisted for the War with Mexico, and was 
severely wounded in an Indian fight. In 1849 ne crossed the 
plains to California and spent one season in the mines. In 
November, 1853, he was appointed acting assistant surgeon in 
the United States Army, serving under the command of Colonel 
R. C. Buchanan, Fourth Infantry, and was assigned to duty at 
Fort Humboldt, two miles from Eureka. It was there General 
Grant served as Captain of Company F for nine months, and 
then resigned from the army to become a farmer. When the 
Civil War came on Dr. Jonathan Clark was commissioned sur- 
geon of the First Battalion of California Volunteers, and served 
for three years. 

Maud Younger, long in charge of election activities for the 
National Woman's Party in Washington, D. C., was born in 
San Francisco. She died at her home in Los Gatos in 1936. Her 
father, Dr. William J. Younger, in March, 1869, purchased Plot 
1789, on Lone Mountain Avenue, for his young wife; the ashes 
of their daughters are also buried there. 

In a nearby plot at Laurel Hill lies Pedar Sather (1810-1886), 
banker, born in Norway, with his first wife, Sarah. With a part 


of the Sather fortune, Jane K. Sather, widow of the banker, 
erected the Sather Gate and the beautiful Campanile at Berke- 
ley. Emile Bruguiere (1849 ~~ 1900) also lies there. His wife, a 
daughter of the banker, was drowned at sea. 

Adjoining this plot is Colonel Hiram Pearsons' plot. He was 
a wealthy man and owned a large amount of productive real 
estate. He resided at the Russ House. After his death Mrs. 
Pearsons resided at the Lick House. Their son was accidentally 
drowned in Lake Michigan. Some two or three years after his 
death, the real property of the Hiram Pearsons estate was sold 
at auction, and among other items was the State title to about 
eighteen inches of a beach and water lot at Clark's Point, be- 
longing to William S. Clark. It was bid in by the Clark estate 
for $150. 

Nearby stands the large vault of Albert W. Sisson, who was 
born in Cattaraugus County, New York, October n, 1827, and 
died November 18, 1888, leaving a wife and four sons. He was 
a merchant, and was also interested in the importation of fine 
cattle from Australia. While the Central Pacific Railroad was 
in course of construction, the firm of Sisson, Wallace & Crocker, 
subsequently Sisson & Crocker, of which he was the head, did 
an extensive business furnishing supplies to the construction 

The plot of William H. Wallace, of the same firm, adjoins 
Senator Fair's Gothic mausoleum. His daughter became the 
wife of Dr. Morris Herzstein. 

A large stretch of lawn near the lodge is maintained by a per- 
petual care fund, paid years ago by French executors. Under 
the native oaks in a double tomb of black marble lie Andre 
Chavanne and Emelie Chavanne. 

David Porter (1833 - 1893), wholesale wine and liquor mer- 
chant, whose home on Nob Hill occupied the block where the 
Fairmont Hotel now stands, was born in Scotland. His daughter 
fell in love with the handsome opera singer, Campobello, and 
she married him. In the family plot 2652, at Laurel Hill, were 
placed the ashes of Eliza V. Porter (1837 - 1908). 

The accident which caused the death of Samuel Knight, 
April 1 6, 1866, at forty-five years of age, is not mentioned in the 
inscription on his monument. He was killed by the accidental 
explosion of a case of nitro-glycerine in the offices of Wells Fargo 
& Company, at California and Montgomery streets, where he 


was manager. The death toll that day was eleven persons, and 
as many more were seriously injured. Samuel Knight, Yale 
man, one-time United States attorney, and beloved Red Cross 
worker for thirty-nine years, is the son of Samuel Knight whose 
resting place is Laurel Hill. 

On April n, 1853, when on the trip from Alviso to San Fran- 
cisco, with about one hundred and twenty-five passengers, the 
steam pipe of the Jenny Lind was blown out, scalding many of 
those on board. Thirty-one lost their lives as a result of their 
injuries. The history of this accident is recorded in inscriptions. 


Born Buffalo, New York, October 26, 1827. Died San Francisco, April 12, 1853, 
from injuries received by explosion of the Steamer Jenny Lind. He was an honest 
man, the pride of a father's heart; had no enemies and had many friends. Erected 
to his memory by his only living brother. 



MARY C. BOSWORTH OCTOBER 12, 1829 - MAY 29, 1910 

Captain Henry P.Hulbert, who was born October 1 1, 1 8 13, was 
commander of the California Steam Navigation Company's 
steamer Sophie McLane, running between San Francisco and 
Suisun. He lost his life as a result of injuries received from the 
explosion which wrecked the steamer at Suisun on the morning 
of October 26, 1 864. A number of the passengers and crew were 
fatally injured. There were many accidents of this kind in the 
pioneer days of steamships, due to the use of high pressure en- 
gines without proper supervision. 

William F. Babcock (1820 - 1885), a native of Massachusetts, 
became a leading merchant in San Francisco. He c&me from 
New Orleans in 1852. With A. B. Forbes he took over the 
agency of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. He was also 
president of the Spring Valley Water Company for a time. In 
the Babcock vault at Laurel Hill appears, beside his own, the 
name of his little grandson, William F. Babcock, son of 
William Babcock, who was fatally injured when thrown from 
his horse; he was eleven years of age. 


of the Sather fortune, Jane K. Sather, widow of the banker, 
erected the Sather Gate and the beautiful Campanile at Berke- 
ley. Emile Bruguiere (1849- 1900) also lies there. His wife, a 
daughter of the banker, was drowned at sea. 

Adjoining this plot is Colonel Hiram Pearsons* plot. He was 
a wealthy man and owned a large amount of productive real 
estate. He resided at the Russ House. After his death Mrs. 
Pearsons resided at the Lick House. Their son was accidentally 
drowned in Lake Michigan. Some two or three years after his 
death, the real property of the Hiram Pearsons estate was sold 
at auction, and among other items was the State title to about 
eighteen inches of a beach and water lot at Clark's Point, be- 
longing to William S. Clark. It was bid in by the Clark estate 
for $150. 

Nearby stands the large vault of Albert W. Sisson, who was 
born in Cattaraugus County, New York, October n, 1827, and 
died November 18, 1888, leaving a wife and four sons. He was 
a merchant, and was also interested in the importation of fine 
cattle from Australia. While the Central Pacific Railroad was 
in course of construction, the firm of Sisson, Wallace & Crocker, 
subsequently Sisson & Crocker, of which he was the head, did 
an extensive business furnishing supplies to the construction 

The plot of William H. Wallace, of the same firm, adjoins 
Senator Fair's Gothic mausoleum. His daughter became the 
wife of Dr. Morris Herzstein. 

A large stretch of lawn near the lodge is maintained by a per- 
petual care fund, paid years ago by French executors. Under 
the native oaks in a double tomb of black marble lie Andre 
Chavanne and Emelie Chavanne. 

David Porter (1833 - 1893), wholesale wine and liquor mer- 
chant, whose home on Nob Hill occupied the block where the 
Fairmont Hotel now stands, was born in Scotland. His daughter 
fell in love with the handsome opera singer, Campobello, and 
she married him. In the family plot 2652, at Laurel Hill, were 
placed the ashes of Eliza V. Porter (1837 - 1908). 

The accident which caused the death of Samuel Knight, 
April 1 6, 1866, at forty-five years of age, is not mentioned in the 
inscription on his monument. He was killed by the accidental 
explosion of a case of nitro-glycerine in the offices of Wells Fargo 
& Company, at California and Montgomery streets, where he 


was manager. The death toll that day was eleven persons, and 
as many more were seriously injured. Samuel Knight, Yale 
man, one-time United States attorney, and beloved Red Cross 
worker for thirty-nine years, is the son of Samuel Knight whose 
resting place is Laurel Hill. 

On April n, 1853, when on the trip from Alviso to San Fran- 
cisco, with about one hundred and twenty-five passengers, the 
steam pipe of the Jenny Lind was blown out, scalding many of 
those on board. Thirty-one lost their lives as a result of their 
injuries. The history of this accident is recorded in inscriptions. 


Born Buffalo, New York, October 26, 1827. Died San Francisco, April 12, 1853, 
from injuries received by explosion of the Steamer Jenny Lind. He was an honest 
man, the pride of a father's heart; had no enemies and had many friends. Erected 
to his memory by his only living brother. 



MARY C. BOSWORTH OCTOBER 12, 1829 - MAY 29, 1910 

Captain Henry P.Hulbert, who was born October 1 1, 1813, was 
commander of the California Steam Navigation Company's 
steamer Sophie McLane^ running between San Francisco and 
Suisun. He lost his life as a result of injuries received from the 
explosion which wrecked the steamer at Suisun on the morning 
of October 26, 1 864. A number of the passengers and crew were 
fatally injured. There were many accidents of this kind in the 
pioneer days of steamships, due to the use of high pressure en- 
gines without proper supervision. 

William F. Babcock (1820 - 1885), a native of Massachusetts, 
became a leading merchant in San Francisco. He clme from 
New Orleans in 1852. With A. B. Forbes he took over the 
agency of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. He was also 
president of the Spring Valley Water Company for a time. In 
the Babcock vault at Laurel Hill appears, beside his own, the 
name of his little grandson, William F. Babcock, son of 
William Babcock, who was fatally injured when thrown from 
his horse; he was eleven years of age. 


The ashes of Oscar T. Shuck are buried at Laurel Hill. He 
compiled a number of useful books, among them "Representa- 
tive Men of the Pacific," "California Anthology," "Official Roll 
of San Francisco," "Eloquence of the Far West," "Bench and 
Bar of California." Dr. Bonte, Secretary of the Board of Re- 
gents of the University of California, once wrote to him: "You 
are making good books; a novel is nowhere compared with your 
reminiscences in 'Bench and Bar'. " 

These lines are from Gray's Elegy : 

Beneath those rugged elms y that yew-tree's shade , 

Where heaves the turf in many a mould" ring heap. 
Each in his narrow cell for ever laid, 

'The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. 

Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid 

Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire; 

Hands , that the rod of empire might have sway'd, 
Or wak'dto extasy the living lyre. 

The eighteenth century was fifty years old when Thomas 
Gray gave to the world and to immortality his "Elegy Written 
in a Country Church-Yard." The typical eighteenth-century 
man was, in most respects, as hard and cold as steel, but it 
would never have entered his mind to move a cemetery. Care- 
less of the rights of his fellow man he might be, but the bones of 
his forefathers were safe from even the thought of desecration. 
Today, two hundred years after Thomas Gray meditated and 
was inspired there, the country church-yard at Stoke Pogis is 
inviolate and will remain inviolate forever. 

Mention of Thomas Gray brings to mind a Gray of San 
Francisco Nathaniel Gray, our honored pioneer undertaker. 
An anecdote will not be amiss. 

The late Charles B. Turrill whose large collection of Cali- 
forniana was given to the Society of California Pioneers, was 
one of the first to protest against the desecration, by removal, 
of Laurel Hill Cemetery. In an argument before a committee 
of the Board of Supervisors he exclaimed: 

"These forebears of ours were promised unbroken sleep. Dare 
we break that promise? Gentlemen, if old Nathaniel Gray 
could have anticipated that you would entertain this proposal, 
he would have put wheels on his coffins!" 


All who slumber on the bosom of Laurel Hill, as these pages 
indicate, are not our "rude forefathers" far from it. Here are 
our Great, our Builders. Resting here are those who verily 
helped sway the rod of empire; yes, and poets who waked the 
lyre to music. 

Bret Harte was among those who revered Laurel Hill. This 
is his tribute: 

This is that hill of awe 

'That Persian Sindbad saw, 

'The mount magnetic; 
And on its seaward j ace, 
Scattered along its base, 

The wrecks prophetic. 

Here come the argosies 
Blown by each idle breeze y 

To and fro shifting; 
Tet to the hill of Fate 
All drawing, soon or late, 

Day by day drifting; 

Driftingforever here 
Barks that for many a year 

Braved wind and weather; 
Shallops but yesterday 
Launched on yon shining bay, 

Drawn all together. 

'This is the end of all: 
Sun thyself by the wall, 

poorer Hindbad! 
Envy not Sindbad'sfame: 
Here come alike the same 

Hindbad and Sindbad. 


Memorials Without the Walls 

GEORGE STERLING, San Francisco's beloved poet, 
envisioned a bridge across the Golden Gate, "to stand," 
he wrote, "unaltered in its magnificence, to bear witness 
to what manner of men were those who could dream with their 
souls and shape with their hands earth's most colossal fabri- 

"How little did Portola dream," he continued, "gazing down 
from the San Matean hills, of the long constellations of light 
that should girdle, nightly, the Bay below. 

"How little did our own Argonauts, come hither to drain 
California of its gold and then return to what they fondly called 
'God's country/ dream of the empire they were to found and of 
the royal city that was to be its standard-bearer!" 

Sterling's untimely passing forbade him the privilege of see- 
ing the Golden Gate and the Bay spanned by two "colossal 

But his city has not forgotten George Sterling. His "cool 
grey city of love" is faithful to his memory. On June 25, 1928, a 
George Sterling memorial was dedicated in the heart of old San 
Francisco. It was Spring Valley, through Edward F. O'Day, 
editor and scholar, and friend of the poet, that gave this city 
the Sterling memorial. 

In 1858 John Bensley who rests in Laurel Hill, gave San 
Francisco its first water supply. Tapping Lobos Creek, he 
carried the water to two reservoirs on Russian Hill, one at Lom- 
bard and Hyde, the other at Francisco and Hyde. Lobos Creek 
has long since ceased to supply the city with water, but the 
reservoirs are still in use. John Bensley's water works were ab- 
sorbed by Spring Valley Water Company in 1865; and Spring 
Valley in turn was purchased by the municipality. 

The Sterling memorial was placed on a little bit of ground 
behind the old Lombard Street reservoir, with an entrance from 


a flight of steps on Chestnut Street, and it consists of a bench 
done in decorative tile at the end of a parterre of plane trees. 
Inset in the bench is a bronze tablet, placed by Spring Valley 
Water Company in 1927, bearing the words: 



1869- 1926 

singer , fled afar! 

The erected darkness shall but isle the star 

That was your voice to men, 

Till morning come again 
And of the nigbt that song alone remain. 

This quotation from Sterling's "Ode to Shelley," is followed 
by a selection words and music from the "Song of Friend- 
ship" which was the joint composition of George Sterling and 
Uda Waldrop. This spot of delightful intimacy is to receive by 
official action the name of George Sterling Park. 

San Francisco's two colossal fabrications, the Golden Gate 
Bridge and the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, are lasting 
testimonials to the working together of the law maker, the tax- 
payer, the engineer, and labor. Congressman Richard J. Welch 
will be remembered; Joseph B. Strauss, Charles H. Purcell, and 
Charles Derleth, Jr., will not be forgotten in the splendor of 
these Titanic monuments over the graves of the bridge-builders 
who lost their lives in the swirling waters far below the Golden 
Gate and beneath the tides of San Francisco Bay. 

There are other memorials in the vicinity of San Francisco 
outside the walls of cemeteries; some are merely cenotaphs, and 
some are veritable monuments over graves. The body of the 
Reverend Thomas Starr King, California's pioneer preacher 
who died March 4, 1864, when scarcely forty years of age, was 
taken first to Lone Mountain. The chronicles of the day record 
that on September 22, 1864, "the remains of the late Rev. T. 
Starr King were removed from the vault at Lone Mountain and 
entombed in the sarcophagus in front of the Unitarian Church." 
When the growth of the city necessitated tearing down the 
original Starr King Church to make way for office buildings, 
the tomb of Thomas Starr King was moved with the church to 


its present location on Geary Street at the corner of Franklin 

That California was saved to the Union was due in large 
measure to the overmastering patriotism, the fiery eloquence, 
and the unceasing labor of Thomas Starr King. He is not for- 
gotten. On October 27, 1892, a monument in Golden Gate 
Park was dedicated to him. It is the work of the sculptor 
Daniel Chester French. The laurel trees have grown around its 
base and have partially concealed the legend: 





1824- 1864 

In 1913 the legislature of the State of California appropriated 
ten thousand dollars for a bronze bust of Thomas Starr King 
to be placed in the Capitol at Washington. "Has he lived in 
vain, who, Priest of Freedom, made ye one," said the poet 

For the National Hall of Statuary, California has very 
fittingly chosen Thomas Starr King, and Father Junipero 
Serra. This choice of the people was confirmed by the State 
Legislature of 1927. It is interesting to note that New Jersey's 
two distinguished citizens whose statues were installed in 
Statuary Hall over forty years ago, are Philip Kearny and 
Richard Stockton; names well known to the California pioneers. 
Haig Patigian, a sculptor of ability and rare genius, was chosen 
by the Commission to execute the statue of Thomas Starr 
King for the National Hall of Statuary. It is a fine piece of work. 

A monument has been erected to General Edward Richard 
Sprigg Canby at the spot where he fell, in the lava beds of 
Northern California, when he was treacherously murdered by 
Modoc Indian chiefs. From his boyhood home in Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana, young Canby went to West Point. At Crawfords- 
ville his father, Dr. Israel T. Canby, was receiver of the land 
office for many years. For a time in San. Francisco's early days, 
Major Canby was stationed on the Pacific Coast and was much 
loved by all who knew him at Monterey, at Benicia, and at 
San Francisco. After his promotion for gallant conduct during 


the War with Mexico, he served as Assistant Adjutant General 
of the Pacific Division from February 27, 1849, to February 22, 
1851. He served through the Civil War. In 1870, when he was 
Brigadier General of the United States Army, he consented to 
take command of the Department of the Columbia, a difficult 
post on account of Indian disturbances. While holding a peace 
conference in the vicinity of the Modoc lava beds, on April n, 
1873, ne was murdered. General Canby's grave is in Crown 
Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis; but the monument erected to his 
memory by the Native Sons and Daughters of the Golden West 
in Modoc County, California, is a cherished shrine. 

Hundreds go each year to see that lonely spot called Canby's 
Cross, where the peace commissioners went unarmed to meet 
the Modoc braves, and where Uncle Richard Canby sacrificed 
his life in his heroic endeavor to bring about peace between the 
red men and the white. He did not altogether fail, though he 
lost his life in his courageous effort to accomplish his mission 
without bloodshed. 

The Gjoa Expedition in command of Roald Amundsen with a crew of six men 
sailed from Christiania, Norway, June 16, 1903, spent twenty-two months at Gjoa 
Harbor, King Charles Land, taking magnetic observations to determine the 
location of the magnetic North Pole. Proceeded westward and sailed through the 
North-West Passage the only time in history, in the summer of 1906. Arrived in 
San Francisco in October, 1906. 

Thus reads the legend on the Gjoas tablet. Captain Roald 
Amundsen, Arctic explorer, navigator, the first to reach the 
South Pole, and the first and only man to navigate the North- 
West Passage, has perished in the Arctic seas. 

On June 18, 1928, he left Norway hurriedly, on an errand of 
mercy, in an attempt to rescue General Nobile and the crew 
of the dirigible Italia; he was never seen again. His grave is in 
the ocean, or in No Man's Land. But his monument is in the 
City by the Golden Gate. The people love a monument. The 
Gjoa, the staunch little vessel in which he sailed through the 
North-West Passage, was presented to the Golden Gate Park 
Commissioners by Captain Roald Amundsen and the Nor- 
wegians on the Pacific Coast. And now the Gjoa rides, firmly 
anchored to a rock, high up on the sandy beach where Golden 
Gate Park and the Pacific Ocean meet. 

The Lick Observatory on the summit of Mt. Hamilton, at 
an elevation of 4,209 feet, is the monument which marks the 


grave of James Lick who died in San Francisco, October i, 1876, 
aged eighty years. He was first buried at Lone Mountain 
Cemetery; but when the Observatory was completed and 
turned over to the University of California, the remains of 
James Lick who gave almost his entire fortune to public uses, 
including $700,000 for the Observatory, were buried in a crypt 
in the base of the pedestal of the great telescope. 

"There can be no fairer ambition," wrote Robert Louis Steven- 
son, "than to excell in talk; to be affable, gay, ready, clear, and 
welcome; to have a fact, a thought, or an illustration, pat to 
every subject. ... In short, the first duty of a man is to speak; 
that is his chief business in this world; and talk, which is the 
harmonious speech of two or more, is by far the most accessible 
of pleasures. It costs nothing in money; it is all profit; it com- 
pletes our friendships, and can be enjoyed at any age and in 
almost any state of health. ... It is in talk alone that friends 
can measure strength, and enjoy that amicable counter-asser- 
tion of personality which is the gauge of relations and the sport 
of life." 

It is said that San Francisco was the first city to recognize his 
charm and to erect a monument by which to remember Robert 
Louis Stevenson, and on the face of the memorial stone is in- 
scribed these striking words from his "Christmas Sermon": 


Robert Louis Stevenson's monument is in Portsmouth 
Square. It is beautiful and interesting. Designed by Bruce 
Porter and the late Willis Polk, it was placed in the plaza where 
Stevenson loved to sit and dream, and study humanity in the 
heart of old San Francisco. Stevenson died at his Samoan 
Island home, Vailima, December 3, 1894, in his forty-fifth year. 
He was buried on the summit of Mount Vaea, overlooking the 
ocean. On June 22, 1915, the ashes of his wife were brought to 
his Samoan Island resting place and laid within his concrete 
tomb. It was after the death of her husband that Mrs. Steven- 
son built the house designed by Willis Polk at Hyde and 
Lombard streets in San Francisco. But she did not live there 


long. She bought a ranch near Gilroy where she spent the 
summers with her family. 

Near this place Frank Norris built a cabin remote from the 
haunts of men. He planned to live there with his wife and little 
daughter and there to write the sequel to "The Octopus" to 
be the third number in his trilogy of the wheat. But he died 
untimely, and his friends have marked the spot he chose for 
work, with a massive memorial seat of unhewn stones, sur- 
mounted by an iron cross. Lloyd Osbourne owns the ranch 
through which one drives to reach the Norris monument. It is 
high up on a hilltop far from the travelled way. A bronze tablet 
set in the rough rock pile bears the following inscription: 




1870 1902 

Under the wide and starry sky, 
Dig the grave and let me lie, 
Glad did I live, and gladly die, 

And I laid me down with a will. 
This be the verse you grave for me: 
Here he lies where he longed to be: 
Home is the sailor, home from the sea, 

And the hunter home from the hill. 



SOME of the silent denizens of the Lone Mountain Cemeteries were born more 
than a hundred and fifty years ago. Although the City of San Francisco dates 
only from the middle of the last century there are headstones at Laurel Hill 
marking the graves of men born while the shadow of the Revolutionary War 
was still upon the land. 

Frederick Abell BorninLondon June4, 1798 -July 21, 1859 

Frederick R. Bunker July 4, 1 800 - December 24, 1 891 

Antoinette Beckh 1797-1856 

Capt. R. B. Cunningham U. S. N. October 10, 1794 -March 13, 1 86 1 

James Deering 1794-1882 

John Dunn 1800-1881 

Joseph C. Gummer Born in 1799 

Mrs. Clarissa Gridley 1782-1857 

Judge Fletcher M. Haight Born in 1799 

William Harrison Martin Died April 28, 1 868 Aged 71 years 

Eliza Ross Martin Died in 1 874 Aged 76 years 

Captain Isaac Pixley was born in 1787 

Pioneer I. C. C. Russ of the Russ Gardens 1785 - 1857 

Lewis Saunders 1 796 -1856 A native of Kentucky 

Mammy Sarah 1779-1869 

Reverend John D. Spencer Derby, England 1 793 - 1 867 

John Watkins Wilde 1798-1862 Born in Maryland 

Woodworth, Selim E., 45. 

William M., 45. 
Wright, Harold L., 80. 
Wright, S. S. 33. 
YALE, Gregory, a. 
Yanke, Richard L., 44. 
Yerba Buena, v, 18. 

Younger, Maud, 53. 

Dr. Wm. J., 53. 

" ' *V7 IS /y s? 


/7 /f/f/*~ y r "^^I~^S^ ~~ f ' ^^^' <* T~^S^**- 


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Inscriptions Copied from Headstones 

THERE are forty-seven thousand names on the record 
books of Laurel Hill, dedicated in 1854 as Lone Moun- 
tain Cemetery. The few names given here were copied 
from headstones and monuments with the help of Superinten- 
dent C. E. Kruger. 

William A. Aldrich Died February 25, 1 892 Aged 67 years 

William H. Aldrich Died October 23, 1 897 Aged 40 years 

Ann the Mother of the Miller Brothers 1 800 - 1 869 

Alexander C. Abell 1816-1890 

Fayette Anderson Died September 17, 1 88 1 Aged 54 years 

J. Henry Applegate January 1 5, 1 845 - October 6, 1 896 

Nellie R. Applegate December 12, 1 844- May 1, 1886 

Josiah H. Applegate October 21, 1816 -October 12, 1889 

Dr. Richard P. Ashe 1 8 23 - 1 87 1 Born in North Carolina 

Joseph Atkinson Died July 7,1889 

Jane S. Atkinson December 1 2, 1 808 - July 28, 1 875 

Joseph Atwell Pioneer June n, 1811 -November 29, 1891 

Eugene A. Auger March 10, 1860 -August n, 1891 

Sophie Dussol, n6e Robert Decd6e le 21 Septembre, 1 866 

MaryTherese Wife of Joseph Austin 

Joseph Austin Died April 1 8, 1902 69 years of age 

Henry Axtell Born New York Died October i , 1 860 Aged 28 years 


Judah Baker Native of Massachusetts November 27, 1829 - August 17, 1892 
Caroline P. Baldwin Died June 2, 1 873 Aged 38 years 

Wife of Admiral Charles Baldwin, U. S. N. 
Peter M. Baldwin Died January 6, 1 859 Aged 53 years 
Captain Abner Barker January 13, 1819 -March 14, 1872 
Benjamin Barker Died in Sacramento, October 3, 1 850 Aged 21 years 
My Brother Robert Barnard Son of Captain Frederic & Margaret A. 

Barnard March 1817 -April 5, 1855 Member of the San Francisco Bar 


Frederic W. Barnard Born New York Died December 13, 1855 Aged 

36 years 

Theodore A. Barry Born in Boston April 29, 1 825 - August 27, 1 88 1 
James Putnam Barry Died June 1 9, 1 860 Aged 36 years 
Frederick A. Bee September 9, 1825 -May 26, 1892 
Albert W. Bee September 19, 1821 -June 14, 1863 
S. Louise Bee, his wife August 7, 1 830 - August 4, 1 925 
Everett Newton Bee August 28, 1861 -October 27, 1935 
Bensley and Benchley Cecilia C. 

Wife of John Bensley April 16, 1832 -April 17, 1867 
Thomas Bell Native of Scotland Died October 16, 1 892 Aged 70 years 
Terese Bell, widow of Thomas Bell Died August 1 1 , 1 922 
JohnH.Bolton 1826-1896 
Sarah Ann Bolton 1 837 - 1 894 
William Bowers Bourn Born Somerset, Massachusetts June 21, 1813 

Died San Francisco July 24, 1 874 
George W. Bowers Died June 1 6, 1 893 

William Bray ton Humboldt Co., Nevada Territory Died February 10, 1 863 
Rev. Benj. Brierly Died July 21, 1863 Aged 52 years 
John Browning Died September 22, 1 870 Aged 37 years 
Major John F. Bronson Died July 27, 1871 Aged 36 years 
Alpheus Bull 1 8 1 6 - 1 8 90 
Alpheus Bull 1 8 6 1 - 1 906 

Henry M. Bull 1856-1909 Francis S. Spring 1829-1896 
Martin J. Burke Died 1 906 
J. W. Burling Walter S. Burling 

James C. Calhoun Son of John C. Calhoun 

Daniel L. Carlton Native of Maine Died May 1 , 1 8 59 Aged 42 years 
Interred in this place December 4, 1 859 

Harriet C. Carlton Died August 1 8, 1 898 

William Carr Born in England 1 826 - 1 884 

Dr. Joseph Washburn Clark 1812-1878 Plot 382 

J. Fessenden Clark May 3 1 , 1 848 - January 1 9, 1 906 

Sterling B. F. Clark Born in Holidaysburg, Pennsylvania Died in San 
Francisco Died or buried October I, 1852 Aged 28 years. Buried in 
Yerba Buena Cemetery Grave No. 2156. Moved to Laurel Hill Ceme- 
tery. Moved to Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland. 

William H. Clark Died February 22, 1 872 Aged 58 years 

Marrianna Clark Died July 1 9, 1 860 Aged 48 years 

John James Clark Died February 4, 1 876 Aged 46 years 

Robert Craig Chambers 1 833 - 1 8 90 

Eudora A. Chambers 1846-1891 Eliza Ballinger 1838-1875 

Richard D. Chandler 1827-1908 

Sarah A. Chandler 1839-1 907 

Helen E., wife of R. D. Chandler Died 1865 Aged 30 years 

Capt. W. D. Chard Born London Died November 4, 1 850 Aged 37 years 


Anna M. Chard (his wife) Died December 8, 1 875 Aged 52 years 

Edward W. Church January 21, 1814 - April 28, 1861 (Letitia Howard, 


George W. Cleveland 1 9 January 1 824 - 1 7 February 1 866 
S. Cleveland Born Connecticut Died September 28, 1869 40 years of age 
W. N. Coghill Died May 24, 1 869 Aged 42 years 
George Ann Cutter Wife of Pierre B. Cornwall Died April 7, 1 864 
Andrew Jackson Coghill Native of Virginia November 3, 1 829 - July 4, 1901 
Dr. J.Beverly Cole 

Charles Cook January 1 6, 1 8 1 5 - May 29, 1 8 83 
ElishaCook Augusts, 1823 -December 31, 1871 

Archibald Cooper Born Baltimore, Md. November 25, 1816 - July 5, 1898 
Dr. Elias Samuel Cooper 1822-1 862 
Nellie Contreras September 2, 1884- May I2 > I 93 
Benj . B. Coit, M. D. 1 801 - 1 867 
EllaH. Crowell May 12, 1825 -October 31, 1883 
Ashes of Charles H. Crowell Plot 2516 

My Brother William Curry Died September 30, 1 867 Aged 54 years 
Horace F. Cutter Boston July 4, 1 821 - July 13, 1900 
Lewis Cutting August 29, 1 804 - August 26, 1 889 
Calvary Cemetery Inscriptions: 

George H. Hossefross 1 826 - 1 864 

Edward Martin March 3, 1819 -May 12, 1880 

Dr. Joseph E. Pissis August 10, 1 8 10- November 12, 1880 

Eugene Casserley 1 820 -1883 

William S .O'Brien 1 826 1 878. 

James Donahue Died in August, 1 862 

Peter S. Donahue Died June 3, 1910 

Charles Cora Native of Italy Died May 22, 1 856 Aged 40 years 

Arabella Cora Died February 1 8, 1 862 Aged 35 years 


Samuel Isaac De Wolfe Born March 17, 1822 Commander of Steamship 
Brother Jonathan Lost at sea July 30, 1 865 Buried September 15,1 865 

Marie E. De Wolf March 5, 1 906 Plot 1 542 

Elizabeth Dennington, wife of Henry Fairfax Williams 

Born October 16, 1836, in Virginia Died May 17, 1862, Sonoma, Cal. 

Eugene DeSabla Plot 2626 May 3, 1873 

James Deering 1 794 -1882 

Alexander Deering 1832- 1875 

James Henry Deering 1 823 - 1 899 With their families 

William De Koven Passed Midshipman in the U. S. Navy who died on board 
the sloop Ewing in the Harbor of San Francisco May 30, 1851, engaged in 
Pacific Coast survey Born Middleton, Conn., May 9, 1824. 

Thos. W.Dickens of Washington, D.C. January 8, i8io-March 15, 1875 

Wilhelm Albert Diel Died August 16, 1853 Aged 5 years 13 days 
Mary Diel Died August 4, 1 856 Aged 2 years 6 weeks 


Maurice Dore Died October 3, 1895 Aged 73 years 

Charlotte Dore 

Mary Etta Carter 1872 - 1923 
Lawrence Duncan A Native of Scotland Plot 1852 Died November 20, 

1 869 Aged 68 years & 9 months 

Ann McRae Duncan Died May 1 5, 1 875 Aged 74 years & 5 months 
Lawrence M. Duncan March 17, 1835 ~ May 23, 1930 
Sebastian Duncan Died December 27, 1882 
Livingston Duncan October 19,1 847 - November 5,1881 
Allen Livingston Duncan August 13, 1873 - July 5, 1927 
John M. Duncan Born in England April 29, 1 832 - May 30, 1 873 
Clara L. Duncan Died February, 1 937 

Joseph Eberhardt Native of Germany Died February 20, 1864 Aged 45 

Captain Oliver Eldridge 1 8 1 8 - 1902 

John S. Follansbee Died November 26, 1 875 Aged 53 years 
Father of John G. Follansbee Died December 15, 1914 

Cecilia Keene Mother Died November 28, 1863 Aged 55 years 

Samuel Foster June 14, 1842 - June 15, 1903 

Helen Louise, wife of Samuel Foster Died July 28, 1 88 1 Aged 33 years 

Dr. Victor J. Fourgeaud April 8,1817- January 2, 1 875 

Isaac Friedlander 1824 - 1878 (wife Priscilla) 

Carey Friedlander 1858 - 1917 

Harry Friedlander 1862 - 1916 

Arthur French Aged 30 Lost his life in the performance of his duty as chief 
officer of P. M. S. S. Company's ship Northerner off Cape Mendocino, 
January 5, 1860 

Sacred to the memory of Mort. Fulton Chief Engineer of the steamship 
Golden Age Born October 25, 1826 Died November 27, 1856 He 
leaves a wife and two children who mourn his loss Erected by his 
numerous friends and brother officers of the P. M. S. S. Co. 

Monument erected by the German General Benevolent Society Here rests 
the first Superintendent of the Dutch Hospital Carl Lud Lubberseimer 
1 2 March 1 864 47 years of age 

E. H. Pflueger Superintendent of Hospital 1880 - 1890 Died Sep- 
tember 1890. 

Dr. Horatio B. Gates 1810-1878 
Dr. V. Bruce Gates 1 844 - 1 877 

Jos6 Godoy The Mexicans of California and Nevada and his family dedicate 
this monument to his memory 


Bertha M. Goldaracena Wife of Ramon Goldaracena 

Died August 25, 1888 Aged 26 years Oh! ma fille cherie E. Gourdon 

Ici repose Gourdon Rene Antoine ne a Nantes (France) 

le 2 Octobre 1814 decide a San Francisco le 29 Decembre 1885 

"Gone All Gone" 

George Gordon 1 8 20 - 1 8 69 

Helen Mar Gordon 1 845 - 1 874 

Lawrence Gottig Born in Germany March 28, 1827 - November 10, 1893 

Matthias Gray 1828-1887 

Nathaniel Gray Died April 24, 1889 Aged 60 years 

Arabella Greene Plot of William Greene 

Millen Griffith 1827-1896 

Joseph Channing Gummer 1799 - 1 853 

Sarah Gummer 1815-1879 

Robert Gunn Died July 20, 1890 Aged 74 years 1 1 months 


Jerome Alfred Hart September 6, 1 854 - January 3, 1937 

Arthur P. Hayne (M. D.) September 30, 1822 -October 15, 1888 

Rob't Y. Hayne Buried December 30, 1866 Aged 7 years 

Arthur Hayne September 19, 1856 -October 25, 1883 

Thomas E. Haven, son of James E. Haven Born Downieville, April 1, 1865 

Martha E. Hallidie Died February 17, 1937 Aged 91 years 

Andrew Smith Hallidie March 1 6, 1 838 - April 24, 1 900 

Major-General Joshua P. Haven June 1,1817- November 24, 1860 

J.J. Heath 1815-1878 Mother 

William Heath 1810-1850 Father 

W. D. Heath 1851-1888 Brother 

Richard Hellmann January 26, 1821 -January 20, 1902 

Mary Melchora Wife of Richard Hellmann October 24, 1828- July 5, 1 890 

Lady Florence Emily Fermor Hesketh daughter of Wm. Sharon Died 

September 25, 1924 

Aaron C. Hendly and Harriet A. Hendley, his wife 
George W. Hittell Born Hamilton, Ohio 1 834 - 1 867 
Amelia C. Hittell July 14, 1821 - November 27, 1888 
Milo Hoadley Died May 19, 1887 Aged 78 years A Pioneer 
Sarah E. Hoadley Died August 24, 1890 Aged 78 years 
Barren H. Morgan Aged 6 months 

Capt. Wm. Hobron Born N.Y. City November 25, 1824 -December 30, 1883 
Geo. W. Hobron June 4, 1 826 - January 1 2, 1 899 
Isabella Wife of Geo. Hobron Died April 24, 1 864 Aged 36 years 
Edward Bivins Holmes January 29, 1907 
Roberta Taylor Holmes July 9, 1 902 
Colonel Joseph P. Hoge 1811-1891 

Oliver Hoff, M.D. Native of Georgia Died December 21, 1879 Aged45 years 
Eugene B. Hornung, M. D. October 3, 1864 -October 16, 1908 
Gustave Hornung Native of Germany February i, 1824 - April 13, 1900 
Pauline Hornung September 29, 1823 - December 16, 1909 


Benjamin Franklin Hardy, M. D. Native of Kennebunck, Me. 

Born First Month 28, 1 806 Died Eleventh Month 22, 1886 
Mrs. Abby Hardy January 23, 1 8 1 2 - November 1 2, 1 879 

Widow of Rev. Francis Horton of Barrington, R. I. 

Hooker - Stewart Foote - Aldrich Senator Wm. M. Stewart's plot No. 612 
William Hood Engineer Died August 26, 1926 

Annie (first) wife of Wm. Hood Died July 13, 1874 
Alexander H. Houston Died February 27, 1869 Aged 43 years 
David H. Houston Died June 21, 1864 Aged 61 years A. H. Houston was 

awarded the contract for constructing two sections of the sea wall at the 

rate of $278 per lineal foot 

Capt. Henry P. Hulbert October n, 1813 -October 27, 1864 
Judge John Hunt 1 842 - 1 924 
Mary Supple Hunt Mother 1820-1896 
James Hutchinson 

John G. Us July 27, 1 8 22 - January 29, 1 8 89 Native of Germany 
Captain John Ingram Died April 20, 1 875 Aged 5 1 years 
Nathan Jones Pioneer of '49 Died August 23, 1 883 Aged 59 years 
William Greenwood Josselyn February 18, 1878 - July 17, 1878 

Col. Charles C. Keeney Surgeon U. S. Army Died January 30, 1883 

Elizabeth Ruth Keeney January 8, 1898 

Julius Kahn Patriot - Statesman 1861-1924 Home of Peace 

George L. Kenny February 10, 1 823 - January 30, 1 902 

George L. Kenny, Jr. January 11,1865- December 3, 1 895 

George Hubert Kenny 1855 - 1 861 

Solomon P. Kimball Died April 7, 1886 Aged 70 years 

Adelaide, his wife Died October 1 6 1 866 Aged 34 years 

James L. King 

Anna E., wife of Cameron H. King Died July i, 1879 Aged 28 years 

Ella J., wife of C. H. King Died January 22, 1901 Aged 38 years 

Lewis D. Bissell Buried December 2, 1861 

Theodore Kirchhoff Born at Vetersen, Holstein, in 1 8 28 

Died in San Francisco March 2, 1 899 Odd Fellows Columbarium 
Henry Kiszler Native of Germany Died July 5, 1899 Aged 75 years 
Anna M. Kiszler May 2, 1 824 - April 4, 1 872 
Jacob C. Kiszler November 25, 1859- January 29, 1872 
J. G. Kittredge Native of N. H. Died October 9, 1882 Aged 82 years 
Capt. G. W. Knight Died December 12, 1868 41 years of age 
Luther Knight Died September 6, 1 893 

Catharine D. Knight Died January 8, 1 893 Natives of Maine 
William H. Kruse November 8, 1860 - January 23, 1900 
Edward Kruse (President California Pioneers 1889 - 1890) Native of 

Aldenby, Germany August 17, 1829 - November 1, 1896 

J. W. Ladd Died February 28, 1871 Aged 38 years 
J. M. Ladd Died March 4, 1 882 Aged 23 years 


Sarah Lambert, daughter of Capt. John Lambert, Mass. 1 849 - 1 870 
Patterson C. Lander Born Hopkinsville, Kentuckey March 2, 1807 

Died San Francisco January 2, 1 874 (Elizabeth, his wife) 
Capt. Wm. F. Lapidge August 13, 1822 - September 18, 1900 
Mary A. Lapidge Died February 27, 1910 Aged 81 years 
Eugene Lies A California Pioneer 
Charlotte E. Lies 
Gustav M. Lisser 1885-1911 
Louis Lisser 1850-1919 

Erich Emanuel Lisser October 7, 1883 - January 27, 1887 

Charles G. Bryant Died July 1 2, 1 864 Aged 36 years 

Johanna Bryant Marcus Died August 23, 1923 

Gustav Marcus March 26, 1852- January 7, 1926 

Dorette Lapfgeer 22 July 1 829 - 13 April 1 876 

Ashes of William Aug. Lapfgeer 

John Logan Died August 16,1 864 Aged 49 years A Dashaway 
Davis Louderback Died March 8, 1 878 Aged 74 years 6 months 
Charles L. Low Born in Maine April 1,1819- May 9, 1 877 


James T. McDougall Born in New York Died April 22, 1900 

Lucy O. McDougall Died July 26, 1 883 Aged 60 years 
Mrs. Anna S. Gauley purchased plot in October 1869 

Henry McKenna A Native of Scotland Late second officer of the steamship 
Ajax who was drowned June 27, 1868, off Cape San Lucas while in the 
discharge of his duty. Aged 37 years Erected by his wife 

Charles McLaughlin 1878 

J. W. McCollam 

Laughlin McLaine 

Robert McMillan Died January 5, 1 882 In his 77th year 

Lutitia Macondray Wife of Horace Davis 

R. D. Marshall of New York Buried July 5, 1 872 

Dr. John L. Meares 1829-1888 Born in North Carolina 

Peter Metcalfe Born Manchester, England October 13, 1808 - Nov. 19, 1882 

Gerrett Middlehoff Native of Germany February 28, 1822 - May 23, 1896 
Minnie, wife of Gerrett Middlehoff Died January 1 5, 1 877 Aged 43 years 
Gerrett F. Middlehoff August 9, 1857- December 19, 1885 

John Middleton Born in Philadelphia June i, 181 1 - January 8, 1874 
Plot 1559 

Samuel P. Middleton Died July 29, 1908 Aged 69 years 

Gouverner Morris Died June 1 2, 1 875 I yr. Gen'l Simpson Plot 

Robert Morris of New York August 22, 1838 - November 15, 1901 


Thomas J. Nevins, born in Hanover, New Hampshire, June 5, 1795; died i n 
Silver City, Nevada Territory, January 14, 1861. The first agent of the 
American Tract Society on this Coast. A Pioneer in the interest of Reli- 
gion, Temperance, Charity and Good Morals and a promoter of the 


organization and labor of man lending assistance to the advancement of 
the Public Welfare. The Board of Education and Citizens of San Fran- 
cisco unite in erecting this monument to his memory as the Founder of 
Common Schools in this City and State, and as the first Superintendent 
of Common Schools in San Francisco. 

Wm. Waterman Neal Died January 7, 1 888 Aged 66 years 

Mary, wife of Isaac T. Crum Died August 31, 1886 Agedj2 years 

Isaac T. Crum 1 846 - 1 907 

H. M. Newhall Died March 13, 1882 Aged 56 years 10 months 

Henry G. Newhall 1853-1 903 

Clara Adelaide Newlands 18 53 -1882 Calvary Cemetery 

Mary Ann Sharon 1 833 - 1 875 Calvary Cemetery 

Dr. Robert Kennedy Nuttall 1815-1881 

Carmelita D. N. Coleman, wife of J. V. Coleman Died April 13, 1919 
Marie A. Pierre 1 820 - 1 896 

William M. Nugent Native of Ireland August 6, 1806 - December 1 6, 1871 


Benjamin Ober, M. D. Died May 13, 1867 Aged 61 years 
John Orr The First Inhabitant of this Silent City 

Interred June loth, 1854 
Christian Oppermann Born Germany 18 July 1826-15 July 1887 Ruhe 

Seine Asche 

Cornelius O'Meara Died September 18,1857 Aged 45 years 
William S. O'Brien 1826 - May 2, 1878 Calvary Cemetery 
Estelle Dor Cherie Dor Waiting 
John G. Owles 1851-1 892 

C. Pace A. D. Grimwood Plot 291 

Charles Pace Born London, England June 22, 1 8 1 5 - December 1 9, 1 897 

Ashes of Adolphus D. Grimwood 

Wm. H. J. S. Grimwood Born France July 14, 1827 -November 17, 1890 

James Palache 1 834 - 1906 

Edward Parker Died October 20, 1 86 1 Aged 5 1 years 

John Parker Printer Died 13 December, 1868 Aged 32 years 

Mrs. Anastasia Patten who died in 1888 

Edmund Patten who died in 1 872 

Edward M. Patten, Jr., wife Clara May 25, 1 847 - February 18, 1886 

Ann Fremlett Perrin 

Dr. E. B. Perrin Died June 17, 1883 Aged 39 years 

Henry A. Perry Born in Philadelphia December 25, 1 825 - January 22, 1 862 

Henry H. Peterson May 10, 1902 

Henry Pierce William Pierce Lewis Pierce Ira Pierce 

Marshall Pierce Born at Standish, Maine 1823 - 1900 

Orestes Pierce 1 853 - 1903 Buried at Oakland, California 

Amelia A. Pierce 1834-1886 

James P. Pierce 1 825 - 1 897 


Walter J. H. Piper January 22, i832-April 19, 1887 Native of Newburyport 

Rebecca, his wife 1 830 - 1 864 

Isaac Pixley Died February 7, 1 8 80 92 years of age 

John L. Van Reynegom Died October 27, 1 878 69 years and 5 months 
William Pixley Died September 14, 1881 Aged 59 years 
Fanny Morrison Weller Wife of Herbert Bird Weller, 
May 22, 1 868 - August 9, 1 895 

Henry Proll Born in Germany Died December 22, 1889 Aged 65 years 


Benjamin Harrison Randolph Died August 1 1, 1872 59 years of age 

Lizzie, wife of John H. Reddington Died February 17, 1861 Aged 31 years 

T. H. Rearden Co. E 34th Ohio Infantry 

Dora, wife of George Robinson Died January 8, 1 888 Aged 44 years AMARIS 

F. Robert Born El Sass Lothringen August 5, 1 872 Aged 65 years 

Frederick Roeding December 30, 1824- July 17, 1910 

Elizabeth Rogers Died July 1 1 , 1 869 35 years Daniel Rogers Plot 

Rebecca Clay Rogers Died August 9, 1 904 83 years of age 

Andrew Roman Native of Bavaria Died March 19, 1869 Aged 35 years 

James Ross Born in Scotland March 14, 1814- December 26, 1862 

Thos. Roylange Co. A 3 1 st N. Y. Infantry 

William Roylange Co. F I73rd N. Y. Infantry 

John Rule 1818-1870 

Capt. Thos. Seely, died April 27, 1868, 44 years of age. This monument 
erected to the memory of a faithful sailor who whilst in the midst of his 
duties as Commander of the Steamship Senator^ was snatched away from 
this life by the explosion of the steam boiler of the Ada Hancock in the 
harbor of San Pedro, April 27th, 1868. As an efficient seaman, a firm 
friend and generous companion he had no superior. 

E. C. M. Chadwick September 13, 1818 -April 16, 1865 

Capt. Thomas W. Lyles Born South Carolina 
December 20, 1813- June 13, 1864 

Bailey Sargent 1824-1889 

Henry Schmiedel Died 1 895 

General Washington Sewall 1 802 -1888 

Bishop Sheldon Native of N.Y. Died July 7, 1869 47 years of age 

Theodore Shillaber March 18, 1820- January 14, 1863 

William Shiels, husband of Sarah Esdale Lynham 
April 22, 1 826 -October 21, 1895 

George C. Shreve Died October 1 3, 1 893 

Charles H. Simpkins 1 827 - 1 893 

Sophronia M., wife of W. H. Smith Died Gold Hill, Nev., March 12, 1872 

Benj. C. Soule November 22, 1865 35 years of age Plot 1519 

Spotts U. S. Navy 

Jenny, beloved wife of A. T. Spotts Died May 2, 1 883 

C. Spreckels 


Lovell Squire April 1 8, 1 837 - August 29, 1 885 

Sarah A. Squires Native of Mass. Died May 7, 1 866 Aged 40 years 

Plot 1 531 on Jessamine Path, south of plot purchased by David McDougal 
Wm. Jay Smith 1840-1914 

Capt. George A. Staples, wife Catharine April 24, 1 823 - October 1 2, 1 861 
Dr. Eduard Staub April 1 6, 1 832 - July 1 5, 1 869 

Francis Marion Stevens Native of Maine February 20, 1832 - April 25, 190x3 
Marion Sophia Stevens 1839 - 1924 
Child of Lieutenant H. E. Stewart Born at the Presidio, July 28, 1878 Died 

Fort Snelling, Minn. January 31, 1882 
Child of Lieutenant Wm. F. Stewart, U. S. Army 
David Anthony Stoddart Born at Chantilly 1 5 October 1 809 - 1 8 January 


Emmie Sharratt Stoney 1 873 - 1 933 
Frank Gray Stoney 1874- 1932 
William Adams Bailey 1859-1922 
Capt. Joseph Sutton Died July 23, 1869 Aged 43 years 
Isaac Swan March 23, 1 800 - September 15,1888 
AnnTasker Wife of Isaac Swan 1810-1885 
Captain F. P. Sweet May 1 6, 1 8 1 5 - April 15,1880 
Robert B. Swain July 23, 1 822 - June 14, 1 872 VIXIT VIVIT 

Clara Fillmore, wife of Robert B. Swain May 7, 1824- August 21, 1863 

George H. Fillmore, A.M., Class of 1847 Brown University Died 

February 4, 1867 

A. J. Taylor Died September 28, 1 858 Aged 45 years 

Alfred Taylor Died June 11,1862 Aged 8 years 

Amandus Fenkhausen Died March 27, 1886 62 years In memory of our 


Wilhelmina Fenkhausen Died August 10, 1882 53 years of age 
Lucy, wife of B. B. Thayer July 26, 1831- October 29, 1 878 
Edward Russell Theller Vermont Lieutenant 21 Infantry June 17, 1877 
Dr.HugoHugerToland 1806-1880 
Daniel Toy Died January 22, 1871 70 years of age 

Richard Stanford Toppan Lost his life in the China Sea October 30, 1862 
Captain Timothy K. Tripp of Boston 1818-1857 
William Henry Tripp Died April 1 5, 1 854 Aged 33 years 
J.L.Tracy 1816-1868 
Margaret A. Tracy 1810-1875 

Sarah Troutt Died June 10, 1860 14 years, 2 months, 18 days 
Rev. Philip Tuggle March 9, 1 8 1 5 - January 7, 1 896 

He was a good man and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith 
Thomas R. Tuggle Died at San Francisco, April 29, 1877, in the 59th 

year of his age. A sinner saved by grace. 
Joseph P. Meux Born April 1 2, 1 847 Died February 6, 1 899 
William H. Twombly 1 824 - 1 860 
George W. Upp February 22, 1875 -October 14, 1904 

Cal. Vol. Co. F ist Reg. Plot of James S. Wheelan 


Robert I . Van De Water December 7, 1 809 - September i o, 1 867 
Annie Sophia Hurd, his wife October 8,1815- October 20, 1 894 
Isaac S. Van Winkle August 5, 1825- January 13, 1881 
Isabella Van Winkle Born Manchester, England, December 17, 1833 

Died in San Francisco, January 24, 1910 

Lawrence E. Van Winkle December 30, 1870- January 4, 1906 
Ada Van Winkle Hiller 

J. L. Ver Mehr and David S. Turner Plot 1 23 
J. L. Ver Mehr Died January 1 8, 1 886 Aged 77 years 
John M. Ver Mehr Died October 1 8, 1884 Aged 42 years 
Captain John Van Pelt Died September 29, 1 8 53 Aged 39 years 

Patience W., wife of John Van Pelt Died February 14, 1852 36 years 

of age 
Mrs. Frances Verdenal Died February 25, 1 862 Aged 42 years 


Dr. Henry Francis Wagner May 14, 1 896 - October 24, 1927 
Charles Otis Wardwell October 9, 1821 -October 30, 1866 
Charles Otis Wardwell Son of C. O. and Sarah M. Wardwell 

March 24, 1 866 - April 9, 1 868 

Leon McLeod Baldwin November 5, 1840- August 19, 1887 
Mammy Sarah 1779-1869 
James T. Watkins Born in Maryland November 20, 1 808 Died in Harbor 

of Nagasaki November 12, 1867 Captain of Pacific Mail S.S. Colorado 
Charles L. Weller Died February 19, 1885 Aged 63 years 5 months 
Louis Westerfeld I September 1 849 -19 February 1 899 
Louis Westerfeld 1 2 February 1826-26 November 1 903 
Heinrich Ahlers December 30, 1835- June J 7> 1864 
Adelherd, Frau von Louis Westerfeld Cremated 

Colonel John O. Wheeler Died Redondo Beach, California, April 1 1 , 1 899 
William Wainwright March 27, 1 901 67 years of age 
Mary Esther Pridham August 6, 1 849 - July 29, 1906 
Mary Frances Pridham Died August 31, 1876 
Lewin Wethered, born in Maryland, 1 834. Lost his life by S. P. R. R. accident 

at Tehachapi, January 20, 1 883. 
William Frank Whittier 1832-1917 
William R. Whittier 1869-1921 

Maria K. Wiard, wife of Edward Wiard Died July 21, 1864 
Wm. Jay Smith 1840-1914 

De Witt Clinton Willoughby October 31,1814- August 8, 1 875 
Edwin K. Whipple March 28, 1 827 - March 14, 1 892 
Stephen March 26, 1860 -November i, 1914 

Stephen Brown Whipple November 1 1, 1820- July 6, 1868 Sarah, his wife 
Henry Brown Williams January 24, 1 820 - February 8, 1 890 
Mary Elizabeth Williams 1823 - 1900 
Mary Louise, wife of Alfred Poet and only daughter of above Born Brooklyn, 

L. L, February 1 6, 1850 Died Santa Barbara January 28, 1892 


John Willi ams Native of Swansea, Wales Died March 22, 1 8 8 8 

Aged 67 years 

D. W. F. Bisbee] Born in Genesee Co. N. Y. Died May 8,1885 A ged 66 years 
John J. Willi ams Native of Swansea, Wales Died January 16,1892 

Aged 47 years 

Joseph Atkins Died at Watson ville January u, 1891 48 years of age 
Sergeant James A. Wilson Native of Baltimore, Md. Died August 1 1, 1888 
Frederick E. Wilke Died October 29, 1 8 8 1 62 years of age 
Carlotta Mary Wilke Died May 27, 1 878 32 years of age 
Charles J. Wingerter October 3, 1 8 1 6 - June 1 2, 1 896 
Caroline, his wife February 2, 1831 -August 28, 1902 
Kittie J., wife of Wm. Winter Died November 1 1, 1 893 Aged 24 years 
Silas White 

Robert E. Woods Died April 17, 1 858 Aged 33 years 

Oliver Wyman 1818-1868 Also Joan 1812-1878 Also Geo. A. 1848-1903 
Geo. W.Dunn 1866-1879 Mother 1845-1913 
Isaac H. Schillenger 1 825 - 1 896 
Edward M. Wynants Native of San Francisco 

December 25, 1868 -November 5, 1888 
Peter Wynants Born in Holland Died August 13, 1 876 Aged 51 years 

Gregory Yale Died June 1 6, 1 871 Aged 54 years 

Charles Gregory Yale Born in Florida Died March 25, 1926 Aged 78 years 

Anna M. Younger Died October 7, 1 882 36 years of age 

Mrs. A. F. Younger Died July 19, 1878 61 years of age 

A. F. Younger Died May 27, 1 878 77 years of age 

Herbert L. Younger Died December 1 8, 1 925 55 years of age 

Annie Elizabeth MacDonald Died December 29, 1934 61 years of age 

Ernest Zahn September 2, 1 828 - February 23, 1889 

Dr. Frederick Zeile 1 809 - 1 884 

JohnZeile August 13, 1819- August 20, 1881 

James Vander Zweip Died March 6, 1 887 43 years of age 



BANCROFT, George, 2, 4. 

Boggs, L. W., 12. 

Broadway Wharf, 46, 48, 51-55. 

Buchanan, James, 2. 

Burnett, Gov., 23. 

CAHUENGA, Rancho, 8. 

Calhoun, John C., 23, 27, 28, 35, 36. 

Carson, Kit, 4, 5. 

Castro, General, 3, 41. 

Clark, Wm. S., 33, 45, 47- 

Clark's Point, 45-56. 

Clay, Henry, 23-29, 36, 38. 

Colton, Rev. Walter, 3, 13. 

Cook, Captain, 42. 

DAVIS, Jefferson, 23. 

Douglas, Stephen A., 30. 

FLORES, Jose Maria, 5, 7. 

Folsom, Capt. Joseph L., 33. 

Fremont, Capt. John C., 2-4, 9-12, 23. 

GILBERT, Edward, 23. 

Guadalupe Hildalgo, Treaty of, 1 6. 

Gwin, Dr. Wm., 20, 23. 

HALLECK, Lieut. H. W., 10, 14, 22. 

Houston, Col. Sam, 34. 

Howard, W. D. M., 50. 

JACKSON, President, 34. 

Jefferson, Thomas, 42. 

Jones, Commodore, I. 

KEARNY, Gen. Stephen A., 4, 5, 9-12 

LEDYARD, John, 42. 

Leidesdorff, W. A., 45. 

Lewis and Clark, 42. 

Lincoln, President, 23. 

Lone Star Republic, 35. 

Long Wharf, 52. 

MARCY, William L., 2. 

Mason, Col. R. B., 11-18. 

McNamara, Father, 43, 44. 

Merritt, Dr. Samuel, 55. 

Mervine, Capt., 5. 

Mofras, Duflot de, 42. 

ORD, Lieut. E. O. C., 10. 

Pio, Pico, Governor, 3, 15. 

Polk, James K., 39. 40. 

RILEY, Gov. Bennett, 17-24, 28. 

SEWARD, Wm. H., 23, 29. 

Seymour, Admiral, 44. 

Shannon, Wm. E., 20 

Sherman, Wm. T., 16. 

Shubrick, Wm. B., 10. 

Slidell, John, i. 

Sloat, Commodore, I, 43. 

Stockton, Commodore R. F., 3, 5, 9. 

Sutter, Captain, 49. 

TAYLOR, Bayard, 50. 

Taylor, Gen. Zachary, 24, 25, 39. 

Town Council, First, 45. 

Trist, N. P., 40. 

Tyler, John, 35, 38. 

VAN BUREN, President, 35. 

WEBSTER, Daniel, 23-29, 37, 40. 

Wharf at Clark's Point, 45-46. 

Wilkes, Commodore, 42. 

Willey, Rev. S. H., 13, 28. 

Wright, George M., 23. 

YERBA Buena, 4, 48, 49. 


AGASSIZ, Alexander, 45. 
Alvord, William, 50. 
Aitken, Robert, 31. 
Amundsen, Roald, 61. 
Arguello, Concepti6n, 25. 

Don Louis, 25. 

Don Jose, 25. 
BALTIMORE Clippers, vii. 
Babcock, William, 55. 

William F., 55. 
Baker, Col. E. D., 1-6, 11. 
Bancroft, C. C., 8. 
Barnes, W. H. L., 42. 
Bartlett, Washington A., 14, 15, 1 6, 1 8. 
Bartlett, Washington, 44. 
Beale, Edward F., 22. 
Bensley, John, 58. 
Bonner, John, 41. 
Booth, Edwin, 43. 

Junius Brutus, 4, 43. 
Borglum, Gutzon, 38. 
Bosworth, Mary C., 55. 
William, 55. 

Briones, Juana, 18. 
Broderick, Senator, I, 2, 35. 
Bromley, Uncle George, 27. 
Brown, A. Page, 39. 
Brown, John Henry, 13. 
Bruguiere, Emil, 54. 
Bryant, A. J., 51. 
Bryant, Dr. Edmund G., 51. 

Eva, 51. 

Burnett, Peter, 31. 
Byrne, Harry, 33. 
CLARK of Clark's Point, r, 5, 12-24, 

35> 42, 48, 54- 
Clark, Abraham, 53. 

Dr. Jonathan, 53. 
William S., 32-35, 45-49, 54. 
Clark, Wm. Squire, Monument, 

facing p. 1 6. 
Canby, Gen. E. R. S., 60, 61. 

Dr. Israel, 60. 
Central Park, N. Y., viii. 
Chavanne, Andr, 54. 
Clover, Richardson, 7. 


Cole, Cornelius, 6. 
Colton, Walter, 8. 
Cook, Elisha, 33. 
Cooper, Elias S., 33. 
Cora, Charles, 3, 5. 
Cowles, Samuel, 34. 
Cremony, John C., 27. 
Crittenden, Alex. P. L., 33. 
Cunningham, John M., 53. 
Currey, Judge John, 29, 34. 
DANA, Richard Henry, vii, 49. 
Deering, Frank P., 80. 
Delmas, D. M., 33. 
Denver, J. W., 12. 
Derleth, Charles, Jr., 59. 
Donahue, James, 50. 

Mervyn, 49. 

Michael, 49. 

Peter, 49, 50. 

Peter S., 50. 
Dressier, Albert, 24. 
EWER, Ferdinand, 43, 44, 45. 

Peter F., 43. 
FARALLONES, viii, 51. 
Fair, James G., 9, 35. 
Fair, Laura D., 33. 
Farquhar, Mrs. Robt., 7. 
Fisher, Harrison, 38. 
Fitch, Geo. K., 41. 
Flying Cloud, vi. 
Folsom, Capt., 5, n, 12. 
Foote, Gen. Lucius H., Envoy. 
Forbes, A. B., 55. 
French, Daniel C., 60. 
GILBERT, Edward, 12. 
Gjoa Expedition, 61. 
Gerberding, Albert, 41. 
CO., 41. 

Golden Gate Bridge, 23, 59. 
Grant, Adam, 51. 

Joseph D., 51. 

Grant, General, 29, 50, 51, 52, 53. 
Gray, Nathaniel, 56. 
Gray's Elegy, 56. 
Greenwood Cemetery, viii. 
Gwin, Wm. M., 4, 5. 
HALVY, Ludovic, 52. 
Hart, Jerome A., 9, 38, 39, 40. 
Harte, Bret, 25. 
Harte, Bret, 57. 
Hager, Judge, 3. 
Haight, Fletcher M., 30. 
Henry H., 30. 
Louis M., 31. 
Hallidie, Andrew S., 49. 
Harlan, Aaron, 32. 
Harvey, Mrs. Leroy, 30. 
Hastings, Robt. P., 34. 

S. C, 34. 

Hawes, Horace, 33-34. 
Hemphill, Rev. John, 34. 
Hermenegeldo Sal, 25. 

Herold, Rudolph, 44. 

Herzstein, Dr. Morris, 54. 

Hoge, Col., 33. 

Hooker, R. C., 8. 

Hulbert, Capt. Henry P., 55. 

Hull, Joseph B., 13, 15, 1 8. 

Hutchinson, James S., 80. 

JEROME, Theodore, 4. 

Johnson, Wm. Pierce, 35. 

Johnson, President, 31. 

Judah, Mrs., 42. 

KAW Indian Treaty, 13. 

Keith, William, 39. 

Kellogg, Walter Y., 80. 

Kimball, Chas. P., 48. 

King, James, of William, 40. 

King, Thomas Starr, 2, 50, 59, 60. 

Kip, Rev. W. I., Envoy. 

Kittredge, Jonathan, 52. 

Joseph, 52. 

Knight, Samuel, 54, 55. 
LAUREL Hill, 1-80. 
Lake View Cemetery, viii. 
Larkin, Alfred O., 26. 

Thomas O., 24-26. 
Lees, Capt. I. W., i. 
L'Enfant, Pierre, 9. 
Leidesdorff, W. A., 12, 24. 
Lick, James, 62. 
Lincoln, Abraham, 3, 4, 50. 
Lisser, Dr. Louis, 44. 
Lloyd, Reuben H., 6, 35. 
Low, Frederick F., 31. 
Luning, Nicholas, 53. 
Lyman, Dr. George, 43. 
Luning Monument, facing p. 20. 
MACKAY, Clarence H., 52. 

Mrs. John W., 51, 52. 
McAllister, Elliott, 80. 
McAllister, Cutler, 31. 

Hall, 32. 

Dr. Henry F., 32. 

Julian, 32 

Mathew Hall, 32. 

Ward, 32. 
McDougal, David, 31. 

John, 31. 

McDougall, James A., 5-7, 35. 
MacMonnies, Frederick, 7. 
Macondray, Frederick W., 51. 

William A., 51. 
Marston, Ward, 16. 
Marye, George T., 53. 
Massenet, 29. 

Miller, Gen. John F., 7, 27. 
Mason, Colonel, 24. 
Merrill, Annis, 34. 
Mills, D. O., 8. 
Misroon, Lieut., 21. 
Modoc Indian Chiefs, 60. 
Morrow, Robert F., 51. 
NAHL, Charles and Arthur, 38. 


NAHL, Perham, 39. 

Virgil, 39. 

Nash, John Henry, Envoy. 
Newhall, Edwin W., 80. 
Newlands, Francis G., 8, 9. 
Nisbet, James, 41. 
Norris, Frank, 63. 
O'DAY, Edward F., 58, 64. 
O'Connell, Daniel, 42. 
Osbourne, Lloyd, 63. 
Otis, James, 50. 
PAGES, Jules, 38. 
Patigian, Haig, 60, 64. 
Pearsons, Col. Hiram, 54. 
Peters, Charles Rollo, 37. 
Pickering, Loring, 41. 
Pierce, Henry, 35. 

Ira, 35. 

Lewis, 35. 

William, 35. 
Pine Haven, viii. 
Polk, Willis, 62. 

Pollock, Edward, 28, 45, 46, 47. 
Port of San Francisco, facing p. 8. 
Porter, Bruce, 62. 
Porter, David, 54. 

Eliza V., 54. 
Presidio of S. F., v. 
Purcell, Charles H., 59. 
Pyramid of Wm. B. Bourn, 20. 
REALF, Richard, 27. 
Ralston, W. C., 8. 
Rearden, Timothy H., 34. 
Reis, W. B., 80. 
Rezanof, Count, 25. 
Rhodes, William H., 42, 47. 
Richardson, Marshal, 3, 5. 
Robertson, Louis A., 37. 
Robinson, Alfred, 34. 

Anna M., 34. 
Rogers, Robt. C., 26. 
Ryan, Wm. Redmond, 20. 
Russ, I. C. C., 26. 
SAL, Hermenegeldo, v, 25. 
S. F.-Oakland Bay Bridge, 23, 59. 
Sanderson, Sibyl, 29. 

Silas W., 29. 
Sardon, Victorien, 40. 
Sargent, A. A., 7. 

Aaron M., 7. 
Geo. Clark, 7. 
Sather, Jane K., 54 

Pedar, 53. 
Sawyer, Houghton, 30. 

Lorenzo, 29, 30. 
Scannell, David, 27. 
Scott, Matthew, 29. 
Selby, Thomas H., 50. 
Senators, United States, xvi. 
Serra, Father Junipero, 60. 
Shafter, James M., 30. 
Oscar L., 30. 

Shannon, Thomas B., 33. 
Sharon, Flora, 51. 

William, 8, 9, 30, 51. 
Sharp, Sol., 35. 
Sherman, Wm. T., 24. 
Shuck, Oscar J., 8, 56. 
Sisson, Albert W., 54. 
Slack, Judge C. W., 9, 10. 
Smith, G. Frank, 30. 
Smith, Peter, 36. 
Stanford, Gov., 29. 
Stark, Daniel, 24. 
S. S. Jenny Lind, 55. 
S. S. Sophie McLane, 55. 
Stein, A. & M., 52. 
Sterling, George, 58, 59. 
Stewart, Wm. M., 8. 
Stevenson Fountain, facing p. 62. 
Stevenson, R. L., 38, 62, 63. 
Robt. A. M., 38. 
Stevenson, Col. J. D., 26. 
Stevenson's Regiment, 27. 
Stewart, Wm. M., 7. 
Stoddard, Charles Warren, 38, 47, 64. 
Stoke Pogis, 56. 
Stoney, Donzel, 80. 
Strauss, Joseph B., 59. 
Sutter, General, 19. 
TAYLOR, Bayard, 22. 
Terry, Judge David S., I. 
Tilden, Douglas, 50. 
Todd, Frank M., Envoy. 
Tracy, F. P., 34. 
Tower, Mrs. Charlemagne, 30. 
Towne, Arthur W., 80. 
Trinity Churchyard, viii. 
Trustees of Laurel Hill, 80. 
Turrill, Chas. B., 56. 
Typographical Union, Envoy. 
VANCOUVER, George, v. 
Van Ness, James, 41. 

Thomas, 41. 
Vassault, Ferdinand, 42. 
Lawrence, 41. 
Von Schmidt, A. W., 49. 
E. A., 49. 

WASHINGTON, George, 9. 
Wallace, William H., 54. 
Weber, Captain, 17. 
Welch, Richard J., 59. 
Wharf at Clark's Point, facing p .20. 
Wierzbicki, Dr. Felix P., 44. 
Williams, Virgil, 38. 
Williams & Bixler, 32. 
Wilson, Samuel M., 33. 
Woodward, Mary, 48. 

Robt. B., 48. 

Woodward's Gardens, Envoy. 
Woodworth Monument, facing p. 16. 
Woodworth, Commodore, oo. 
Woodworth, Frederick, 45. 
Samuel, 44. 



(Laurel Hill Cemetery Association, a Corporation) 

Dedicated May 30, 1854 





W. B. REIS, President 
FRANK P. DEERING, Vice-President 
DONZEL STONE Y, Treasurer 
HAROLD L. WRIGHT, Secretary 
C. E. KRUGER, Superintendent 









IF loyal men in the North were grieved and in- 
censed at the defeat and slaughter at Ball's Bluff, 
what shall be said of the feeling in that romantic 
section that supplied the most illustrious vic- 

"We that had loved him so, followed him, honored him, 

Lived in his mild and magnificent eye, 
Learned his great language, caught his clear accents, 
Made him our pattern to live and to die." 

Colonel Baker had shone in the National Senate, 
and we were proud. He had been transcendent at 
the Bar in California, and we anticipated greater 
renown for him from professional triumphs in the 
East. \Ve were told that his speech in Union Square 
had thrilled the North, and we believed he w r ould 
in other cities reflect lustre on the coast. He had 
raised congressional representation from our sec- 
tion to an influence quite unparalleled, and we 
exulted. Even Broderick had not equaled Baker's 
success at the national capital. The subserviency 
and incorrigibility of his party had left Broderick 
the inspiration of a faction; Baker had been a com- 
manding figure in a great party charged with the 


sublime task of preserving the Union and establish- 
ing Liberty. Broderick had been snubbed and his 
counsels ignored by President Buchanan; Baker 
was the close friend and trusted adviser of President 
Lincoln. And Baker had come out of the Mexican 
War with such prestige that we never doubted he 
would win fresh laurels in this later conflict. We 
fully expected he would live to enjoy the sweetness 
of his fame. 

The shattering of our hopes came suddenly and 
in a manner that was peculiarly shocking. The 
overland telegraph had been completed. The cus- 
tomary messages had passed between officers of the 
telegraph company and congratulations had been 
exchanged by government dignitaries on the ex- 
treme boundaries of the land. Only those who 
dwelt beyond the Sierras when it took months to 
exchange communications with parents and homes 
in the States can imagine or appreciate the joy and 
enthusiasm that throbbed in every heart in Cali- 
fornia and Oregon. In that same hour, by the first 
news dispatch telegraphed westward across the 
continent, came tidings of the defeat of a Union 
army and the death of Colonel Baker. 1 In one of 

1 Bancroft, vol. vn, p. 293, carelessly errs in stating that this was 
"the first through dispatch on the completed overland telegraph." 
Besides the exchanges mentioned above, an earlier dispatch was the 
following: "SAN FRANCISCO, October 24, 8.07 P.M. Editor Tran- 
script, Boston. All hail! A new bond of union between the Pacific 
and Atlantic. The lightning now gceth out of the West and speaks 
even to the East. Heaven preserve the Republic and bless old Bos- 
ton from hub to rim. THOMAS STARR KINO." 


the theatres of San Francisco the news of the com- 
pletion of the telegraph and the words of the first 
messages transmitted were read from the stage by 
Edwin Booth, arousing great enthusiasm. Later in 
the evening Mr. Booth read the tidings of the death 
of Colonel Baker. The revulsion of feeling, the 
stun, the grief, the gloom are indescribable; and 
afterwards the rage. In several towns disloyalists 
who expressed gratification were roughly handled; 
in San Francisco several were hanged for a time 
to the street gas-posts. 

Funeral and commemorative services were held 
in many cities and mining - camps. The courts 
everywhere adjourned as a mark of respect, after 
eloquent tributes from judges and eminent mem- 
bers of the Bar. At Portland, Oregon, Mr. Simeon 
Francis presided at a memorial meeting a man 
who "knew Colonel Baker before he entered public 
or political life." The Reverend Thomas H. Pearne 
delivered an address, in the course of which he 
said, "Facts which transpired in this state recently 
show that Senator Baker's early faith in the divine 
origin of Christianity and his respect for its morali- 
ties had not wavered or diminished." 

The Jacksonville (Oregon) "Sentinel" 1 pub- 
lished the following letter from the Colonel, written 
a month before his death, when every one was look- 
ing to General McClellan to say the word for the 
Army of the Potomac to advance: 

1 November 2, 1861. 


now with forensic, skill, while his whole effort was 
elevated by a charming, ever -ready eloquence, 
which itself was aroused to new power by the in- 
terruptions he encountered all this is present 
to your minds. . . . Call him, if you please, the 
Prince Rupert of battle; he was also the Prince 
Rupert of debate." 

The surprise, the thrill, of the occasion was the 
speech of Mr. McDougall, of California, "a most 
eloquent speech," says Mr. Arnold, who has already 
been quoted; "one of the most touching and beau- 
tiful speeches ever heard in the Senate." Mr. 
McDougall, in the course of his remarks, said: 

"He was a many-sided man. Will, mind, power 
radiated from one centre within him, in all direc- 
tions; and while the making of that circle, which, 
according to the dreams of old philosophy, would 
constitute a perfect being, is not within human 
hope, he may be regarded as one who at least illus- 
trated the thought. . . . 

" He loved freedom if you please, Anglo-Saxon 
freedom; for he was of that great old race. He 
loved this land, this whole land. He had done 
much to conquer it from the wilderness, and by his 
own acts he had made it his land. 

" Hero blood is patriot blood. When he witnessed 
the storm of anarchy with which the madness of 
depraved ambition sought to overwhelm the land 
of his choice and love, he heard the battle-call. . . . 
It was in the spirit of the patriot hero that the gal- 
lant soldier, the grave Senator, the white-haired man 

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