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Full text of "Shaler's brigade. Survivors of the Sixth Corps. Re-union and monument dedications at Gettysburg, June ... 1888"

3 iPiii, 




284339 

SHAOEk'S BR^BE 

(6*'? CORPS) 

QETTYSBdRS 
jyNE 12'^ 13'^ ANB 14'^ 1555 







THENKVV 

PUBLICUBRARV 



>-' ( 



ASTOR, LE.NOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS. 




General Alexander Shaler. 



SHALER'S BRIGADE. 



SURVIVORS OF THE SIXTH CORPS. 




/ RE-UNION 



AND 



Monument Dedications, 



GETTYSBURG, 



JUNE 12tli, ISth and 14th, 1888. 



PUBLISHED BY ORDEK OF THE BRIGADE ASSOCIATION. 

1888. 



Cheeked 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 

284339 

ASTOK, LENOX AN» 
TILDDN FOUNDATION*. 

1»#6 



PHILADELPHIA: 

W. W. Matberrt, Printer, 
37 N. Tenth Street. 



OFFICERS 



OF 

-^SHALER'S BRIGADE ASSOCIATION^ 

SURVIVORS OF THE 

SIXTH ARMY CORPS. 



^iIEsiSEnt. 

General ALEXANDER SHALER, 

New York City. 

YicE"lRiresi2ents. 

Colonel JOHN F. GLENN, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Colonel SILAS TITUS, 122d New York Volunteers, 
Syracuse, New York. 

Lieut.-Colonel JOHN M. WETHERILL, ^2d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Pottsville, Pa. 

Lieut.-Colonel HENRY G. HEALY, 65th New York Volunteers, 
Washington, D. C. 

Colonel WILLIAM P. ROOME, Headquarters Staff, 
New Y'ork City. 

Secr^ctarj anti MrtEasiircr. 

WILLIAM J. WRAY, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
3923 Reno Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

^iliga^E C^ommittEE. 

General Alexander Shaler, Headquarters New York City. 

Colonel Samuel Teuesdell, 65th New York Volunteers, 

New York City. 

Captain Robert H. Moses, 122d New York Volunteers, 
New York City. 

Lieut.-Colonel John M. Wetherill. 82d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Pottsville, Pa. 

Willl^m J. Wray, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 




E have shared our blankets and tents toscether. 



We have marched and fought in all kinds of 
weather, 

And hungry Siud full we have been. 

We had days of battle and days of rest, 

But the memory that clings to us the best. 

We have drunk from the same 

Canteen. 

{Miles O'Reilley.) 



'^ICfte lnspii|aticn. 



"V^URING the dedication of the 23d Pennsylvania A^olunteers' 
Tablet at Gettysburg, in August, 1886, General Alex- 
ander Shaler, who had the honor to command the First Brigade, 
Third Division, Sixth Army Corps, in said action — who was 
present on this occasion as the orator of the day — expressed 
a wish that the regiments of the old brigade should be re-organ- 
ized for the purpose of dedicating their monuments and for a 
He-union on the field at Gettysburg. 

In compliance with this wish a letter was prepared, setting 
forth the object, and mailed to each of its commands, requesting 
that each Regimental Association elect a representative to serve 
•as a Brigade Committee. 

On August 1, 1887, the following comrades having been se- 
ilected : — Geneial Alexander Shaler, representing Headquarters ; 
Colonel Samuel Truesdell, the 65th New York, " The Chasseurs ;" 
James N. Mills, 67th New York, " The First Long Island ;" Cap- 
tain Robert H. Moses, the 122d New York; Lieutenant-Colonel 
John M. Wetherill, of Pottsville, the 82d Pennsylvania, and Wil- 
liam J. Wray, of Philadelphia, the 23d Pennsylvania, " Birney's 
Zouaves," met at the office of Colonel Truesdell, New York 
City, and organized Shaler 's Brigade Association, survivors of 
the Sixth Army Corps, by the selection of General Alexander 
Shaler as President, William J. Wray as Secretary and Trea- 



surer, with General Nelson Cross, 6HI1 New York Volunteers^ 
Lieutenant Colonel John M. Wetherill, 82d Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, Colonel Silas Titus, 122d New York Volunteers, Colonel 
John F. Glenn, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Henry G. Healy, 65th New York Volunteers, Colonel William P. 
Roome, Headquarters Staff, as Vice-Presidents. Selected June 
12, 13, 14, 1888, for Dedication of Monuments and Re-union of 
the Brigade, at Gulp's Hill, Gettysburg, requesting each Regi- 
mental Association to arrange an excursion from their respective- 
headquarters for their survivors and friends. 

About Januar}^, 1888, the 6tth New York Volunteer Associ-^ 
ation changed the date of their dedication to July 1, 2, 3, 1888. 
With the other organizations of the Brigade, the work pro- 
gressed favorably ; and at the Brigade Committee meeting. May 
9th, in New York City, the final details were formulated, and 
the Secretary instructed to issue the following circular letter : — 




"Circular No. 2. HEADQUARTERS 

^fialeii's Si|igH5E ^sscciation ; 

SURVIVORS OF THE 

SIXTH ARMY CORPS. 

New York City, May 9, 1888. 

Survivors of the 23d and 82d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 

6oth and 122d New York Volunteers. 
Comrades : 

Your Brigade Committee, at their meeting held in 
New York City, Wednesday May 9th, 1888, for the purpose of 
formulating the final details for the Dedication of Monuments 
and Re-Union of Shaler's Brigade, at Gettysburg, June 12th, 
13th and 14th, 1888, beg leave to report the following 

Programme. 

Headquarters of the Brigade, Eagle Hotel. 
Headquarters of the 65th N. Y. Volunteers, McClellan House. 
Headquarters of the 122d N. Y. Volunteers, Globe Inn. 
Iteadquarters of the 23d Pa. Volunteers, Eagle Hotel. 
Headquarters of the 82d Pa. Volunteers, City Hotel. 

June 12th— Tuesday. 

9 A. M. — Arrival of the 122d New York Volunteers. 

1 P. M. — Arrival of Brigade Headquarters with the 65th New 
York Volunteers ; 23d and 82d Pennsjdvania Volunteers, 
who will be escorted upon their arrival to their respective 
Headquarters by the G. A. R. Band of Gettysburg. 

!T.30 P. M. — Assemble at Brigade Headquarters to attend the 
CAMP FIRE at Court House— General ALEXANDER 
SHALE R will deliver an Address, followed by Music, 
Songs, Recitations, Army Reminiscences, etc. WILLIAM 
-J. WRAY, 23d Pennsylvania, Master of Ceremonies. 



6 

June 13th — Wednesday, 

9 A. M. — Assemble at Brigade Headquarters to inarch to the- 
Dedication Grounds at Gulp's Hill. The Monument Dedica- 
tion Geremonies will begin with an 

ADDRESS by General JOHN COCHRANE 
of New York City, 

One of the former Brigade Commanders, 

followed .by the Dedication of Monuments in the order- 
named — 122d New York, 23d Pennsylvania, 82d Pennsyl- 
vania, and 65th New York. Each Dedicatory Ceremony is 
expected 7iot to exceed 30 minutes service. 

2 P. M. — Assemble at Brigade Headquarters, for visit to the- 
Battle field of the 2d and 3d days' action, passing along the- 
lines at Gemetery Hill, Peach Orchard, Devil's Den, The 
Bound Tops, Gulp's Hill and National Gemeter}^ 

9 p. M. — Re-assemble at Brigade Headquarters to attend the 
Gomplimentary Ball and Reception, given in honor of the 
event, by the 23d Pennsylvania Yolunteer Survivors' Asso- 
ciation, at the Rink Building. Golonel JOHN F. GLENN, 
of Philadelphia, Grand Gonductor. Music by McKnights- 

TOWN GORNET BaND. 

June 14th — Thursday. 

9 A. M. — Assemble at Brigade Headquarters, to visit the Rey- 
nold's Monument and field of the 1st daj^s' action. 
Noon. — Dejoarture for Home. 

It is expected that all the Gomrades, Ladies and Friends, on 
the trip, will participate in the Order of Exercises as per above- 
Programme, so that our Re-Union will be the grand success 
anticipated. 

Regimental Associations are requested to bring the Battle- 
Flags of the Old Gommands, in honor of the occasion. 

The 23d will keep " Open House," at the Rink Building, dur- 
ing our stay — and invite all to partake of their hospitality. 
Visitations to the various headquarters will be welcomed by alii 
the Gommands. 

ALEX. SHALER, President,. 
Attest: WM. J. WRAY, Secretary. 



MI^B i^xcuijsicn. 



TrfHE 122d New York, having the longer distance to travel, 
added one more day to the trip, leaving Syracuse on Mon- 
day afternoon, June 11th, with three coaches filled with their sur- 
vivors, ladies and friends. On reaching Canandaigua a sleeper 
was attached to their train, the railroad company showing them 
every attention, making them as comfortable as possible for their 
long journey. After a most pleasant ride, during which old 
associations were revived and renewed, they reached Gettysburg 
about 7 A. M. of the first day, just in time to sit down to break- 
fast at their headquarters — the Globe Inn. As the balance of 
the Brigade were not expected to arrive before noon, individually 
and in squads they started oflT sight-seeing, the point of attrac- 
tion being Gulp's Hill, the scene where the Brigade went in on 
the third da}^ of the action. After dinner, with the Brigade Band 
— the G. A. R. Band of Gettysburg — they marched to the depot 
to escort the other regiments of the Brigade, who came by way 
of Philadelphia. 

The 23d Pennsylvania, 82d Pennsylvania, 65th New York, 
Headquarters and detachment of the 122d, left Philadelphia on 
a special train from Broad Street Station, 7.40 A. M., Tuesday, 
June 12th, with eight carloads of their survivors, ladies and 
friends, and two combination cars, one loaded with commissary 
supplies, the other used as a lunch-room. The train was gaily 



8 

decorated, while along the sides of the cars were long canvas 
streamers containing the regimental designations. 

The run was a most delightful one, through the thriving val- 
leys of Lancaster and Cumberland, across the South Mountain. 
On reaching Harrisburg another car was coupled to the train, 
with the Allegheny contingent and squads from Marietta, York, 
Columbia and the National Capitol. 

To make it the more social and enjoyable, lunch, cigars, etc., 
were being passed continuously along the lines by the Commis- 
sary Committee of the 23d, who tried their level best to make 
everybody feel at home. Reaching Gett^^sburg about 1 P. M., 
w^here was found the 122d New York, with their friends, drawn 
up in line, under the command of Colonel Silas Titus. After the 
customary salutations, with gripsacks in hand, they were escorted 
to their respective headquarters. 

The coming together at the stations on morning of departure, 
the journey on the trains, and the joining of the contingents from 
S^'racuse and Philadelphia at Gettysburg, made up of the sur- 
vivors and friends of the Brigade, was the renewal of old and 
beginning of new found friends, soon becoming so well ac- 
quainted that they appeared as one large happy family. 

The Brigade Committee very wisely arranged no part of the 
programme for the afternoon of the day of arrival, as the am- 
bition of everyone, especially on their first visit to the old burg, 
is to strike out on their own hook after dinner. So the afternoon 
was enjoyed in individual visits to the field, calls at the regimental 
headquarters, and the many points of attraction and interest 
around the battle-scarred town. The crowds of Gettysburg 
people at the station, on our arrival, and their calls at the hotels 
to have a shake hands, was a quiet manifestation of their welcome, 
which was fully appreciated by the visitors. 



Oamp-^iUBo 



/\^ the evening of our arrival, Tuesday, June 12th, all assem- 
bled T.SO P. M. at Brigade Headquarters, and marched to 
the Court House, which had been kindly tendered by the town 
authorities. The front part of the spacious room being reserved 
for the brigade veterans, ladies and friends. Soon the building 
was packed, not even standing room was left. Some 300 ladies 
being present to grace the occasion; and at 8 P. M., Comrade 
William J. Wray, 23d Pennsjdvania, of Philadelphia, who had 
been detailed as Master of Ceremonies, opened one of the hap- 
piest, enthusiastic, and enjoj^able Camp-fires possible. 

The Chair, after returning thanks and congratulations upon 
the large attendance of the brigade and townspeople, stated that 
while they had printed programmes for all other of the Re-union 
Proceedings — Camp-fires were impromptu aflfairs, and he was 
glad to announce of seeing enough talent present to keep the 
fire burning until after 24 o'clock; but would try to maintain the 
good name of the brigade with closing the exercises at a reason- 
able hour, trusting those called upon would make their replies 
brief and interesting. That he was proud and glad to announce 
that among the distinguished officers of the brigade present, 
who honored the occasion, not only by his presence, but that of 
Ms entire family, was the General whom we all honored and 
loved, who commanded the brigade in the action at Gettysburg, 



10 

and was now the President of the Brigade Association, and it, 
gave him great pleasure to introduce Greneral Alexander Shaler. 
The General came to the front amid a perfect ovation, lasting 
several minutes. After returning his thanks for the warm and 
enthusiastic reception, in most feeling words, expressed his 
gratification of the assured successful Re-union, by the presence 
of so many brigade veterans with their ladies and friends, and 
on behalf of the Brigade Association, warmly thanked the peo- 
ple of Gettysburg for their attendance. 

Professor Frank Jay, the colored member of the 23d Commis^ 
sary Department, was then stood up, and made the old Court 
House ring with mirth by his '"'■ Kersand^'' comicalities. He tried 
to get away with but one comic song, but the audience wouldn't 
have it; so he kept them laughing while he told all about the 
Kangaroo Garden, at Kalamazoo. 

Then Captain Robert. W. Patrick, of the 82d Pennsylvania, 
rendered the following poem, which he had composed while en- 
route on the train. ' 



" Shaler's Brigade at Gettysburg." 



Brave Comrades we have met once more, 

On this now sacred soil, 
To gaze on scenes, we saw before, 

And call to mind our toil. 

We hail you now as brothers dear. 

Who stood as true as steel, 
When other hearts were filled with fear, 

Such fears, you did not feel. 

But when amidst the cannon's roar, 
You heard the word "fall in," 

You promptly acted as of yore. 
With the same eager vim. 



11 

We all remember those who fell, 

Amidst the battle's roar, 
Their glory shall forever shine, 

When time shall be no more. 

Let us recall to memory dear, 

Some scenes through which they passed, 
True men, who ne'er gave place to fear, 

And bravely died at last. 

Think of those scenes at Marye's Heights, 

Where many heroes bled, 
Brave Shaler led us in that fight, 

And gallant Speer fell dead. 

Remember Major Bassett, too. 

Who led you on to fight. 
Who, when the color bearer fell, 

Held up our flag in sight. 

And boldly dashed across the bridge, 

And up the hill he led, 
And set our colors on the ridge, 

To wave above the dead. 

Think of the joy that filled our hearts, 
AVhen on those heights we stood, 

When each had well fulfilled their parts, 
And every man felt good. 

We cannot stop to mark each scene, 

In which we bore a share, 
But only cast a sudden gleam, 

And for new scenes prepare. 

We well remember when we stood, 

On this same field before. 
When thousands drenched it with their blood, 

Amidst the cannon's roar. 

Think of the cheers that rent the air, 

When w^e had gained the day, 
And Genpral Lee in full retreat. 

From that tremendous fray. 

Cold Harbor now looms in our sight. 

Where many met their end. 
Fell on our left, and on our right, 

Whose deeds we here commend. 



12 

We never can forget those boys, 

Who fell in freedom's name, 
Amidst the carnage, and the noise, 

Death dealing smoke and flame. 

Hurrah for gallant Sheridan, 

Who led us in the fray, 
At Cedar Creek and Winchester, 

And with him gained the day. 

May he be spared, for many years, 

To friends and country too. 
And saved from death, and we from tears, 

And here I say adieu. 

After hearty cheers for the 82d, the Chair stated that Onon- 
daga County were present in force, and called upon Major T. L. 
Poole, of Syracuse, for something on behalf of the 122d New 
York, who responded in a most amusing way, telling of the 
trials and tribulations of " The Twosters" first introductory to 
the brigade, especially the greeting the}^ met with at the Cross 
Roads, and most eloquently and feelingly spoke of the comrade- 
ship cemented in the field whilst brigaded. 

Then Comrade Bill (W. W.) Mayberry, of Philadelphia, set 
the entire audience wild with delight with his " Arm}^ Flea" 
rendition ; and the shouting continued until he gave them his 
Sneezing song — everybody was enjoyed — they couldn't help it. 

The Chair then stated that General John Cochrane who had 
been selected to act the part of brigade orator, was by reason of 
his physical disability compelled to be absent. That while they 
regretted very much the inability of their once brigade com- 
mander to attend — the post of honor on to-morrow's dedication 
would be filled by General Shaler, who had kindly consented to 
deliver the oration — he was pleased to state that Captain Robert 
H. Moses, 122d New York, of New York City, was present with 
^ copy of General Cochrane's farewell address to his old bri- 
rgade in 1863, and introducing the comrade as one of the workers 



13 

of the Re-union, who after a brief speech expressive of his feel- 
ings at the enjoj^able time, proceeded to read the General's 
address, which was loudly applauded at its finish. 

Sergeant William McEntee, of New York, of the Chasseurs 
65th New York, being called upon, after a brief address con- 
gratulatory of the occasion, sang one of the old Sixth Army 
Corps songs, invoking loud applause. 

Captain George W. Waterhouse, 82d Pennsylvania, being 
called to the front, recited " The Soldier Tramp," which he ably 
rendered. The applause that followed brought him up again, 
this time reciting an amusing dialect, very much enjoyed. 

Then followed one of the happ}^ events of the evening, by the 
Chair stating that he had a special message for the ladies ; and told, 
that when the 23d came to Gett3^sburg to dedicate their tablet in 
1886, the chief of the Commissar}^, who looked after their stores, 
as now, was the genial Comrade William H. Bantom. That the 
first news he received on arrival of the train at Gettysburg, was 
a telegram from his dear wife, " That it was a boy;" what will, 
you name him ? It kind of paralyzed Bant, at first, but he re- 
covered sufficient to wire back, name him for his grandfather,, 
the occasion, the General, and the family ; so the child was 
christened, Charles Gettysburg Shaler Bantom. His comrades to 
show their affection for the father, had prepared a souvenier for 
the little one, and it gave him great pleasure to present on behalf 
of " The Survivors Association, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers," 
a solid " Silver Spoon," suitably engraved, encased in a unique 
and costly box, to the baby boy. The proud father came to the 
front amid laughter and clapping of hands, receiving the gift 
with appreciative thanks, promising to number it with the family 
heir-looms as one of their most precious tokens. 

As it was about time the ladies were heard from, Mrs. John 
Fox, of Philadelphia, was escorted to the platform, giving a. 



14 

; recitation so ably rendered that she was recalled, and amused 
the audience with " The Regular Army Oh." 

The Hon. Samuel Collins, of Philadelphia, was prevailed upon 
to give his dialect songs; so he sang an Irish, Dutch and old 
Plantation Melody, evoking hearty laughter and applause. 

Comrade William H. Redheffer, Secretary of the 82d Pennsyl- 
vania Association, being called upon, having such a severe cold, 
contracted on the trip, he could not talk, handed in a paper to 
have read, which we take pleasure in giving insertion in Appen- 
dix A. 

The Chair then stated that Captain James M. Craig, one of 
.the workers of the 23d, who had looked after the Allegheny con- 
tingent, was present with his family, and called on his son. Mas- 
ter Eddie Craig, of Allegheny City, who delivered in good st3^1e, 
"Sue's Wedding." 

Professor Jay, whom we learned was quite a musician, gave a 
•Cornet Solo, so pleasing that he had to repeat his " Home Sweet 
Home." 

The Chair then announced that the Rink Building would be 
thrown " wide open^^ by the 23d, immediately after adjournment, 
where all were invited to partake of their hospitality. After re- 
turning the thanks of Shaler's Brigade to the town authorities 
for the use of the Court House, the people of Gettj^sburg for 
their large attendance and hearty welcome, with cheers upon 
cheers, amid the inspiring music of the G. A. R. Band, of Get- 
tysburg, the happy Camp-fire closed. 

During the evening, the 23d Commissary, passed buckets full 
of cold lemonade around every half hour. The audience found it 
•quite refreshing. 

To sum it up, it was a most enjoyable occasion, everybody 
•seemingly glad to have been there. 



iDeflication o^ jV[cnuiiiEnts. 



^TT T 9 A. M., on Wednesday, June 13th, the various regiments 
■^ "^ of the Brigade assembled at Brigade Headquarters and in 
the following order marched to the dedication grounds at Gulp's 
Hill : — G. A. R. Band, of Gettj^sburg, Sergeant McEjitee, of the 
65th New York, carr3ing the " Old Brigade Flag" ; General 
Alexander Shaler, Staff, and Headquarter friends; — 23d 
Pennsylvania and friends, under command of Colonel John F. 
Glenn ; in their line were the battle-flags of the regiment, carried 
by Comrades David Colville and William H. Bantom, of Phila- 
delphia, and John Moffit, of Pittsburg, w^ith the McKnightstown 
Cornet Band. Then came the 122d New York and friends, un- 
der the command of Colonel Silas Titus, with their old battle- 
flag, carried by Color-Sergeant Amasa Chase, who bore the flag 
throughout the war. The State Colors were carried by Samuel 
McFetters. Then the 82d Penns3dvania Yolunteers and friends, 
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel John M. Wetherill, 
their old battle-flags being carried by Comrades James A. Sen- 
senderfer, Solomon Roderback, and Lewis H. Davis and Alex- 
ander White, the guide flags. Then followed the 65th New York 
Yolunteers — the Chasseurs — under the command of Colonel 
Samuel Truesdell. The ladies, and those unable to march, fol- 
lowed the column in carriages. Large numbers of the Gettys- 
burg people joining in the crowd that wended its way to the 
grounds, fully twelve hundred people assembling near the old 
breastworks. 



16 

Secretary Wray mounted a huge boulder and opened the ex- 
ercises with outlining the programme to be followed, thanked 
the great crowd for their presence and read interesting letters, 
full of kind words and love to the survivors of the Brigade, from 
General D. N. Couch, of Norwalk, Connecticut, late their Divi- 
sion Commander ; General John Newton, of New York, also late 
their Division Commander ; General H. G. Wright, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, the honored and brilliant commander of the old Sixth 
Corps, and General Martin T. McMahon, of New York, the 
popular old Adjutant-General of the Sixth Corps — each evoking 
enthusiastic applause as these old, distinguished, beloved and 
honored names were read. He then stated that he was glad to 
announce the presence of one whom the Brigade had followed 
in many of the actions of the Army of the Potomac, and who 
had the honor to command it on these grounds during the ac- 
tion of Gettysburg ; and it gave him great pleasure to intro- 
duce General Alexand«^r Shaler as the Brigade Orator of the 
Day. 

Cheer after cheer rang through the woods as the General 
mounted the rock; and when the applause, lasting several 
minutes, had subsided, he began his oration. 




{^ener^crl SI|h1ei|'s OrLctticn. 



COMRADES OF THE OLD BRIGADE, 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

^E meet to-cla}^ upon historic grounds. Some of us have 
met here before. Twenty-five years ago, within a few 
days, two great armies confronted each other in this vicinity. 
One in defense of State Rights, the other in defense of United 
States Rights. One assaulted the Union, the other defended it. 

I shall not attempt to describe, in full, tlie great battle wliich 
ensued, relate the causes which led to it, nor discuss the effect 
upon the country of the resulting victory of the Union Army ; 
but content m3^self with a brief synopsis of the part taken in 
this and other battles b}' that portion of the Sixth Corps in 
which we had the honor of serving. 

Let us go back to the autumn of 1861. The " tocsin of war 
had sounded." The cry to arms had reverberated throughout 
the land. Fathers, husbands, brothers and sons turned their 
backs upon their children, their wives, their parents and all that 
was dearest to them on earth, and rushed impulsively to the de- 
fense of the Union. To show how spontaneous and how general 
this outburst of patriotism was, it may be stated, that between 
July 27, 1861, and October 27, (a period of three months) there 
were added to the army, then organizing, about 120,000 men ; 
and that in December following, there were in the vicinity of 
Washington, and in the Shenandoah Valley, over 200,000 men 
in battle array. 

Washington and its suburbs was one grand encampment. 
Troops from every loyal State were being marshalled and pre- 
2 



18 

pared for active service. General George B. McClellan, whom 
we familiarly called " Little Mac," owing to his success in West 
Yirginia,in the summer of 1861, had been called to Washington 
to organize and command an army for the double purpose of de- 
fending the Capitol and of taking the field. As regiment after 
regiment arrived, they were organized into brigades and divisions 
without much reference to the States from which the}^ came, and 
were encamped contiguous to each other. At Queen's farm, on 
the Bladensburg road, just on the outskirts of the city, the 23d 
Pennsylvania, Colonel Birney ; the 31st Pennsylvania, which 
afterwards became the 82d Penns^^lvania, Colonel Williams ; 
the 65th New York, Colonel Cochrane, and the 67th New York, 
Colonel Adams, were encamped and formed what was known as 
Graham's Brigade, under the command of Brigadier-General 
Pike Graham, an ofhcer formerly of the United States Cavalry 
service. This Brigade formed a part of the Division com- 
manded by General Don Carlos Buel. 

As early as October, 1861,. the organization of the army was 
practically completed, and from that time until April, 1862, when 
the Peninsula campaign was begun, we're drilled and schooled in 
the practices of war. The monotonous routine of camp life was 
varied only by an occasional wild rumor of approaching rebels, 
and a reconnoisance of the surrounding country. 

With the exception of a skirmish at Lewinsville, Virginia, just 
beyond Chain Bridge, in which a part of the Brigade (the Chas- 
seur regiment) was engaged, the troops had so far experienced 
only the drudgery and the jollities of camp life. But this was 
ended in the spring of 1862, by the cry of " On to Kichmond," 
when our Brigade, with the rest of the arm}^, took transports at 
Alexandria, for Fortress Monroe. In the meantime the 61st 
Pennsylvania, Colonel Rippey, had joined us. 

The campaign was begun with three Corps of the array, to 
wit: — the Second, commanded by General Sumner; the Third, 
commanded by General Heintzelman, and the Fourth, com- 
manded by General Keyes. Couch's Division, to which we were 
attached, belonged to Ke3'es' Corps. Our advance up the 
Peninsula was slow and tedious, although no enemy was seen 
until we reached Yorktown. Pending the siege of that place 



19 

^e were occupied in watching Warwick River. The battle 
of Williams! nirg followed the evacuation of Yorktown, and our 
Brigade, after marching all day through a drizzling rain and 
mud ankle-deep, reached the battle field in time to support some 
of Hooker's troops in making their final charge. 

Before we had advanced far enough from Fortress Monroe to 
see the enemy, General Graham was relieved from duty and 
General Wessels, also of the regular army, put in command of 
the Brigade. General Wessels was in a short time succeeded by 
another regular officer, General Abercrombie, who was with us at 
Fair Oaks, and retained the command until after the second 
battle of Bull Run, fought by General Pope. 

We crossed the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge about the 
25th of May, and advanced. within five miles of Richmond, where, 
at Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, on the 31st of Ma}^ was fought 
the first importaiU and severe battles of the campaign. In this 
battle the regiments of our Brigade were separated. We were 
encamped along the Nine Mile Road, extending from Seven 
Pines, on the Williamsburg Pike, to Fair Oaks Station, on the 
Richmond and York Railroad. 

Owing to the suddenness of the enemy's attack, the 23d Penn- 
sylvania and the 6Tth New York, were thrown forward, while 
inarching towards Fair Oaks on the Nine Mile road, into a dense 
pine grove on the left, through which the enemy were advancing. 
They succeeded, with the 31st Penns3'lvania and 61st Pennsyl- 
-vania, alread}^ in line, in checking that advance, but were subse- 
quently forced to retire with very heavy losses. In this onslaught 
the 61st Pennsylvania lost its Colonel (Rippey) and was badly cut 
up. Their resolute stand, however, enabled the rest of the Bri- 
gade to reach Fair Oaks Station, where, after holding position 
a short time, the 31st Penns^dvania and 61st Pennsylvania having 
previously taken position in advance of their camps near the rail- 
road station, they were withdrawn under the personal supervision 
of General Couch, the division commander, with a section of 
Brady's Battery, the 63d New York, Colonel Riker, and the tth 
Massachusetts, Colonel Devens, along the road leading to the 
Grape Vine Bridge, as tar as the Adams House. 



20 

The 31st Penns3^lYania, the 65th New York, and two com^ 
panics of the 61st Pennsylvania, which had been on the picket, 
line, were posted in the order named on the right of the road 
facing and on the edge of a dense woods; while the 62d New 
York, Brady's guns, and the Yth Massachusetts were posted in. 
the order named on the left of the road, on a knoll overlooking 
an open field and flanking the woods along which the first- 
named regiments had been formed. 

The enemy's advance through the piece of woods was resolute 
and persistent. Regiment after regiment was brought forward 
to drive us back and get on the flank of Brady's guns, but without 
avail. The dogged tenacity with which the men of the 31st. 
Pennsylvania, the Chasseurs and the 61st Pennsylvania clung 
to their position, outmatched the fierceness of the enemy's as- 
sault. 

Despairing of success in their efl'orts to flank the artillery,, 
the enemy essaj-ed a direct attack, but with no better success,, 
although a few dead rebels were found within twenty yards 
of the muzzles of the guns. This attack was made about 2 
o'clock in the afternoon, and so sudden that the Brigade com- 
mander, General Abercrombie, was caught in the w^oods between 
the lines and received a slight wound in the face. Between 4 
and 5 o'clock, the leading Brigade of Sedgwick's Division and 
K-irby's Battery of twelve- pounders, which had crossed the. 
Chickahominy on the Grape Tine Bridge, arrived on the field. 

The infantr\^ were posted on the right and in the rear of our 
line, and the artillery on the knoll beside Brady's two guns. 
Other infantr}^ were put in position on the left of the artillery, 
and connection made with the troops which had been forced 
back by the impetuosity of the assault. Fresh troops were 
advanced by the enemy and the battle raged until dark, but. 
not an inch of ground was yielded. The conduct of our men 
in this battle furnishes an example of the benefits derived from 
proper instruction and rigid discipline. Under guidance of 
their officers, they reserved their fire until the enemy could be 
seen through the thicket in front of them. As a result, a large 
l)roportion of the shots were efiective. The Chasseur regiment. 



21 

"Captured a battle flag and the next morning buried over one 
hundred rebels found in their front. 

The following day the Brigade was again united and moved to 
an advanced position. On the 26th of June the extreme right 
of our army at Mechanicsville was attacked by the rebels in force, 
and from that time until July 1st, when the battle of Malvern 
Hill was fought, we experienced all the trials and sufferings in- 
cident to a forced march of six daj^s, without sleep, shelter or 
regular food. At Malvern Hill, our Division having been 
among the first to arrive was naturally assigned the most im- 
portant position. Three several times it was assailed by the 
rebels, who were repulsed with fearful loss. On the right of the 
line, held b}^ Couch's Division, the Chasseur regiment was at one 
time compelled to change front under fire, and did it with such 
wonderful coolness and precision as to command the admiration 
and the compliments of the Brigade commander. 

The six weeks encampment of the Arm}'' of the Potomac at 
Harrison's Landing, on the James River, its transfer to the City 
of Washington, the part it took in supporting Pope's army in 
the second battle of Bull Run, and its subsequent reorganization 
by General McClellan, furnish nothing of special note in refer- 
ence to our Brigade, except that General John Cochrane, who 
had been promoted from the Colonelcy of the Chasseur regiment 
after the battle of Fair Oaks, was put in command of our Brig- 
ade in the place of General Abercrombie, who had been assigned 
to duty at Centreville, after Pope's campaign, and Couch's Divi- 
sion was transferred to the Sixth Corps, then commanded by 
General Franklin. 

Ill the reorganization of the army, early in September, while 
on the march, the 122d New York regiment, Colonel Silas Titus, 
was added to our Brigade, and we became the First Brigade, 
Third Division, Sixth Corps. 

After the defeat of Pope, at Manassas, Lee boldly struck out 
northward, in the direction of Leesburg, necessitating great 
caution on the part of McClellan, who had been again verbally 
placed in command of the troops about Washington, embracing 
those designated as the Army of Virginia. 



22 

The battle field of Antietam was reached by our Brigade early 
in the afternoon of the Hth of September, after a tramp through 
Pleasant Y alley and up to the top of Mar3dand Heights, in search, 
of the rebel General McLaws, on one of the hottest days and over 
the dustiest road we had ever marched. At Antietam we relieved 
that part of the line to the right of a corn-field and immediately 
in front of Dunker Church. This line we occupied until the 
morning of the 19th, when our Division was put in pursuit of 
the fleeing rebels, the rear guard of which we had a fight with,, 
and drove across the river at Williamsport. 

McClellan's tardiness after the battle of Antietam caused 
much uneasiness and great dissatisfaction with the authorities 
at Washington, and resulted in his being relieved at Warrenton, 
and General Burnside being placed in command of the Army of 
the Potomac on the 9th of November, 1862. 

Upon the reorganization of the army which followed, General 
Couch was assigned to the command of the Second Corps and 
General John Newton was put in command of the Third Divi^ 
sion, Sixth Corps. 

In the calamituous failure of Burnside's attack on Fredericks- 
burg, December 13th to the 15th, the Sixth Corps, then in 
command of General W. F. Smith, popularly known as " Baldy 
Smith," formed a part of the Left Grand Division, commanded by^ 
General Franklin. 

We crossed the Rappahannock about three miles below the- 
city, near the Burnett House, and supported General Meade in 
his attack upon the enemy's right, without serious loss, although, 
constantly under a heavy artillery fire. On the 20th of January 
following, General Burnside considered that "the auspi(?ious 
moment had arrived" and issued his orders for recrossing the 
Rappahannock at Banks' Ford. No sooner had the troops 
broken camp than the rain commenced to fall in torrents, and,, 
after floundering around a whole day, the}^ returned to camp at 
night, having added nothing to our prestige or that of the 
commanding General, and nothing to histor}^, except the record 
of a " mud march." 

General Burnside 's retirement from the command of the army 



23 

soon followed, and General Hooker, already known as " Fighting 
Joe" for his gallant and persistent assaults upon the rebel earth- 
works at Williamsburg, on the Peninsula, and at South Mountain 
and Antietam, superceded him. Then followed another reorgan- 
ization of the army, in which the 61st Pennsjdvania was taken 
from our Brigade and made a part of the Light Brigade, organ- 
ized for special purposes. 

The resignation of General Cochrane, on the 1st of March, 
1863, placed the speaker in command of the Brigade. General 
Hooker's first field operation was an eflTort to crush the army of 
Northern Virginia at Chancellorsville. 

It was a part of his plan to have Sedgwick, w^ho now com- 
manded the Sixth Corps, assault and carry the Heights of Fred- 
ericksburg, move out on the road to Chancellorsville, and strike 
the rear of Lee's army while he, Hooker, engaged it in front. 
For that purpose the Sixth Corps crossed the Rappahannock 
below Fredericksburg, near the old Franklin crossing, on April 
29th, and on the night of Saturda}^, Ma}^ 2d, at 1 A. M., com- 
menced a flank march into Fredericksburg. 

Our Brigade was honored with the advance and instructed to 
let nothing impede the march through the town, over the heights 
and out on the Chancellorsville road ; an easy order for a Gen- 
eral to give, but not easy of execution, in the presence of a wide 
awake enemy, holding earthworks across your path, an effort to 
take which had already cost 15,000 lives. After driving in the 
outposts, in which the Chasseur regiment, under the lamented 
Hamblin, showed conspicuous gallantry, losing many men and 
leaving Major Healy on the ground mortally wounded, as was 
supposed, we continued our march until the enemy's line of de- 
fences at the foot of Marj^e's Heights was encountered, when, by 
order of the Division commander, the head of the column en- 
tered the city, leaving one of our regiments, the 23d Pennsylvania, 
deploj^ed in the open field facing the never-to-be-forgotten stone 
wall. When daylight appeared the men of the 23d found them- 
selves exposed to the enemy's fire, and for five long hours, 
without an opportunity to even make a cup of cofi'ee, they main- 
tained this harrassing position. About 10 o'clock Sunday morning 
the columns and deployed lines were formed hy General Newton 



24 

for storming the heights. The column on the extreme right was 
composed of the 61st Pennsylvania and 43d New York, of the 
Light Brigade, under the command of Colonel Spear, and was sup- 
ported by the 82d Pennsylvania and the 67th New York, of our 
Brigade, under command of the speaker. The 23d Pennsylvania 
formed a part of the deplo^^ed line on the left of the second col- 
umn of attack. The Chasseur regiment and the 122cl New York 
were directed to follow with the rest of our Division and join the 
Brigade after the heights had been carried. 

Upon the opening of Newton's batteries both columns de- 
bouched from under cover, and the deployed lines advanced to 
the assault. Spear's column on the right was enfiladed by bat- 
teries stationed in the road at the top of the hill and in the works 
on each side of the road ; rifle pits at the base of the hill also 
confronted him. The column moved out on the double quick, 
but the road was narrow and before the column had passed over 
half the distance it was literall}^ swept away by the iron hail 
showered upon it. Colonel Spear fell mortallj^ wounded. Major 
Bassett, with the 82d Pennsylvania, found himself at the head 
of the column, and struggled manfully to carr}^ his men forward, 
and linally, encouraged by the presence of their Brigade Com- 
mander with his two aidea^ Lieutenants Armstrong and Johnson, 
rushed forward with the 67th New York and carried the heights, 
capturing two pieces of the Washington batterj-of artillery, one 
officer and a number of men. The 23d Pennsylvania, in deployed 
line, with the 5th Wisconsin, 6th Maine and 31st New York, 
moved gallantly to the charge. An e3^e witness belonging to the 
Second Division, in speaking of this line, says, " Four more 
gallant regiments could not be found in the service. Leaving 
ever}' thing but guns and ammunition they started forward, en- 
countering a shower of bullets, grape and canister as soon as 
they rose above a slight knoll. It was a noble spectacle and filled 
our hearts with pride for our brave comrades." 

The Brigade was subsequently united and marched out on the 
road to Chancellorsville. The enemy's occupation of Salem 
Heights stopped our advance, and in the battle which ensued we 
took position in an open field to the right of the road, which was 
held until the evening of the fourth, when the whole Corps re- 



25 

crossed the Rappahannock at Banks' Ford and returned to our 
old camps. Throughout this short campaign the conduct of the 
officers and men of our Brigade was everything that could be 
desired ; and it was through no fault of theirs or any other part 
of the Sixth Corps, that Hooker's first canfpaign came to such 
an inglorious end. 

Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville had so improved the 
morale of the rebel army which had been reinforced by two of 
Long-street's divisions from the James' River and a large number 
of conscripts from Richmond, that Lee determined upon an in- 
vasion of the North. This threw the Army of the Potomac on 
the defensive. So, on the 13th of June, Hooker broke up his 
camp on the Rappahannock and moved northwards. The Sixth 
Corps had on the 6th of that month again crossed the river at 
the Burnett House, and for a week observed the movements of 
the rebels who occupied the defences of Fredericksburg Heights, 
but recrossed and followed the main army on the 14th by forced 
marches until the vicinity of Washington was reached. The 
Potomac River was crossed at Edward's Ferry, on the 2Gth of 
June, and the march of the army directed on Frederick City. 
About this time differences arose between General Halleck at 
Washington, and General Hooker, in relation chiefly to the dis- 
position of the forces at Harper's Ferry, and General Hooker 
asked to be relieved. General George G. Meade, then command- 
ing the Fifth Corps, was immediately placed in command of the 
army. 

From Frederick City our Corps marched to Manchester, which 
would have been the extreme right of the army if Meade's line 
of battle had been formed along Pipe Creek, as some suppose 
he had intended. But events occurred which determined Gettys- 
burg to be the ground upon which was to be fought the mightiest 
and most sanguinary battle of modern times. The operations of 
the First and Eleventh Corps on Seminary Ridge, where Rey- 
nolds lost his life on the 1st of July, were important, in that 
they prevented the rebels from occupying the favorable ground 
upon which our army was subsequently formed for battle. 

On the night of the 1st of July our Corps was at Manchester, 
thirty-six miles away. At 9 o'clock in the evening we started 



26 

for Gettysburg and did not halt for an}^ length of time until we- 
reac.hed Rock Creek, which crosses the Baltimore Pike about a 
mile from here. There we rested and made coffee. Resuming 
the march we moved to the base of Little Round Top, where the 
Fifth Corps was stemming the rebel cu^-rent which had forced 
back portions of the Third Corps. Two of our brigades were 
immediately thrown forward to the relief of the Fifth Corps, 
while the rest were placed in a line of reserve. Before leaving 
Manchester, our Division Commander, General Newton, took 
leave of us and went immediately to the front to assume com- 
mand of the First Corps in the place of General Reynolds, who 
had been killed that morning, and General Wheaton, by virtue 
of his rank, assumed command of the Division. 

This March of the Sixth Corps, of thirty-six miles in seven- 
teen hours, on a sultry summer night and morning, is probably 
the most memorable one of the war. When we consider the 
load which a soldier carries on the march, even in light march- 
ing order, the absence in the field of all comforts which he en- 
joyed at home, and the peril to life and limb which constantly 
surrounds him, we cannot but admire the pluck and courage with 
which he undertakes the most difficult and perilous tasks and 
honor him for the sacrifices he makes. 

About sunrise on the morning of the 3d, our Brigade was 
ordered to Gulp's Hill to aid General Geary, of the Twelfth 
Corps, in retaking the works on the extreme right, occupied by 
the enemy during the previous night. The seriousness of Long- 
street's attack upon our left induced General Meade to order re- 
inforcements from General Slocum, commanding on this part of 
the field, which necessitated the evacuation of a part of the line 
before established. These works were seized by the wily enemy, 
and at daylight our troops undertook to dislodge him and drive 
him back. 

Upon reporting to General Geary, our Brigade was formed in 
the open field, just in rear of the line of defenses, in a column of 
battalions deployed. After a personal reconnoisance by General 
Geary and the Brigade Commander, the 122d New York, Colonel 
Titus commanding, was directed to relieve the 111th Penns}^- 
vania, then occupying a position in the front line. This position. 



21 

they held for two hours and a half, under a very severe fire, 
losing many in killed and wounded, and were then relieved by 
the 82d Pennsylvania, Colonel Bassett. ^t 9.20 A. M,, the 23d 
Pennsylvania, Lieutenant-Colonel Glenn commanding, was placed 
in position to support the front line. Three hours later, five 
companies of this regiment, under a galling fire of musketry, 
were advanced into the breastworks, and, after silencing the 
enemy's fire, sent out a line of skirmishers, which, however, were 
promptly recalled, the enemy still being in line of battle in close 
proximity to our works. At 11 A. M., the 67th New York, Colonel 
Cross, marched into the breastworks, from which the enemy- 
were then fleeing, and succeeded in capturing about twenty pris- 
oners. At 11.15 A. M., the Chasseur regiment (65th New York), 
Colonel Hamblin, occupied a position in support of the 23d 
Pennsylvania. About 3 P. M., all of our regiments were relieved 
by others belonging to the Twelfth Corps. 

Longstreet's attack upon our left, and Ewell's attack upon our 
right had both failed ; and now a desperate attempt to pierce our 
centre was to be made. As a prelude to the grand assault of 
Pickett's Division, 115 pieces of artillery opened their murderous 
fire upon our lines, and were responded to by about 80 of our 
own guns. With the order and steadiness of troops on parade, 
Pickett's lines moved out in view and commenced to advance 
across the open field to a point just south of the Cemetery 
grounds marked by a clump of trees. No sooner was the point, 
of his attack made manifest, then every available Union battery 
was trained upon his columns. The carnage which ensued was 
terrible ; but on they came, alternately, wavering, staggering, 
rallying and pressing forward, until the rebel. General Armistead, 
found himself pierced by a rifle shot within our own lines, fol- 
lowed by a few hundred of the most fortunate and courageous of 
his men who became prisoners of war. It was while this was 
being enacted, that our brigade was called from this position on 
the right, to traverse the field and report to General Newton, 
commanding the 1st Corps, at the left centre, near the point of 
Pickett's assault. After the repulse of this infantry charge, the 
rebel batteries kept up a tantalizing, but irregular fire ; and one 
of the last shots fired, lost to the 23d Regiment, one of its most 
promising young officers, Lieutenant Garsed. A solid shot 



literally tore him to pieces. Before darkness had shrouded the 
field, the roar of artillery and the rattling of musketry had 
ceased. The o^reat battle of the war had been fought. The stillness 
of the night was broken onl}^ by the groans of the wounded and 
dying, and the rumbling of ammunition and commissary wagons. 
The losses in both armies amounted to about 50,000 men, equal 
to one-third of all the number engaged. 

The rebel arm}^ was now compelled to abandon all the hopes 
which its scheme of invasion had inspired ; and bitter as the al- 
ternative was, its retreat was imperative. So, after spending tlie 
fourth day in burying the dead and caring for the wounded, it 
silently and sullenly retired from our front on the morning of 
the fifth, and the Sixth Corps was sent out on the Fairfield road 
in pursuit. Lee's rear guard was overtaken in a pass of the 
South Mountain range, but was not pursued be^^ond it. General 
Meade having determined to keep his army on the east side of 
that range. It crossed the Potomac at Harper's Ferr}^ and Ber- 
lin, July Itth and 18th, and moved along the east of Blue Ridge, 
while Lee retreated up the Shenandoah Valley, west of Blue 
Bidge, and finally encamped in the vicinity of Culpeper Court 
House. The Army of the Potomac went into camp about War- 
renton, Virginia. 

In an address which I had the honor of delivering upon these 
grounds, two years ago, on the occasion of the unveiling of the 
monument of the 23d Pennsylvania regiment, I took occasion to 
refer to an injustice which had been unintentionally done us, in 
the report of the battle by the Army Commander. As the re- 
marks I then made in reference to the 23d regiment are appli- 
cable to each and all the regiments of our Brigade, I quote them 
verbatim. After speaking a word of praise in behalf of General 
Doubleday, of the First Corps, and General Sickels, of the Third 
Corps, for the services they rendered on the first and second 
days respectively, I sa3% "And while claiming this special recog- 
nition for them, I have a less pleasing, but to jou a more import- 
ant duty to perform, and that is, to demand an official recognition 
of the services, in this battle, of the Brigade to which you were 
attached. The student who in future years peruses the oflicial 



29 

reports and records in the War Department, will there find re- 
corded, over the signature of the commander of the Army of 
the Potomac, that in the battle of Gettysburg, Wheaton's Bri- 
gade was ordered to the right, to aid in driving back the enemy 
and in retaking the works. In other words the troops of Wheaton's 
Brigade were credited, in the official report of the battle, with 
the service performed b}^ 3-our Brigade. Upon learning of this 
error, I spoke to General Meade about it, at an army reunion, 
held in Boston nine years after the battle, and he promised ta 
have his report corrected. I spoke also to General Wheaton of 
the credit he had received at another's expense, and of the in- 
justice done the regiments of the First Brigade. He promised 
that he would write to General Meade upon the subject, but I 
am not informed that either of the promises were fulfilled. As 
our great lamented President (Lincoln) said, in commenting 
upon the battle, ' There was glory enough for all.' No excuse, 
therefore, can be given for withholding from au}^ of the troops 
engaged the full measure of credit due them, much less should 
one organization be glorified at the expense of another. In 
justice to the memory of those brave men whose heroic services 
you this da}^ commemorate, and in justice to you who have been 
permitted to survive them, and to perform this act of soldierly 
love and friendship, I protest against the wrong which has been 
done. I may be answered that it matters little, so far as the 
Brigade is concerned, since the survivors have erected tablets 
upon one of the grounds they occupied in this battle. Is it of 
no consequence to the relatives and friends of those who have 
died for their country, to their comrades who have survived them, 
to the officers who commanded them, that the official reports are 
silent as to the services of the organization with which they 
fought and died ? Nay, more ; that such reports should actually 
give to another organization credit for services which cost them 
so many lives ? For years and perhaps ages to come, the archives 
of the war will be perused and studied b}^ historians and military 
students in search of material with which to compile history or 
solve military problems ; and must it be said to them, that the 
records are unreliable — that to ascertain the services of any 
particular organization of the arm}^ a visit must be made to the 
battle-fields, and the monuments and tablets consulted ? Such a. 



30 

•confession would be humiliating, but it must be made, so far as 
it relates to the services of the First Brigade, Third Division, 
Sixth Corps, in the battle of Gettysburg. And, if I am correctly 
informed, in reference to other organizations also. A greater 
value attaches, therefore, to the testimonials you this daj^ dedicate, 
than you probablj' anticipated, for it corrects the record ; more 
than that, it stands alone as the only record accessible to all, 
that our Brigade fought and suffered in this part of the field in 
the greatest battle of the war." 

On the Tth of November following, an advance movement was 
ordered, and the right wing of the arm}-, composed of the Fifth 
and Sixth Corps, under the command of Greneral Sedgwick, was 
moved to a point on the river called Rappahannock Station, at 
which point the enemy occupied a series of earthworks on the 
]3orth side of the river, consisting of two or three redoubts and 
a long line of rifle-pits or trenches. The approach to these works 
was over an open field, which could be swept by the enemy's guns 
for a considerable distance in every direction ; and as the head 
of our columns debouched from the woods to deploy in line of 
battle, the}^ furnished a splendid target for the rebel gunner's 
practice. The scene was grand be3^ond description. When the 
speaker entered the open field, the Fifth and part of the Sixth 
Corps were alread}^ in line of battle, with flags fl^'ing and ba}'"- 
onets glistening in the sunlight of a beautiful autumn day, having 
the appearance of troops on dress parade rather than formed for 
deadl}^ conflict. Like Humphre3's' tactical movements of his 
Division on the field of Gett^^sburg, our Brigade was closed up, 
and without halting advanced and deploj'ed in the position as- 
signed it, having onl}- the sound of the enemy's guns to keep 
step with. Without delay our Brigade was ordered to drive in 
the rebel sharpshooters and secure the possession of a knoll in 
the rii.;ht and front-, for the occupation of a battery. This was 
quickiy done, and soon after the battery was established, a col- 
umn of attack was formed from the Sixth Corps and put in 
command of General Russell. Colonel Upton led the column 
with his regiment, and made one of the most brilliant and suc- 
cessful charges ever made upon any field. He not onl}^ captured 
the whole line of works, but with it, some sixteen hundred i^ris. 
•oners, six battle-flags, and many pieces of artillery and small arms 



31 

His attacking column numbered only fifteen hundred. Tiie ser- 
vices of our Brigade as well as those of Upton's troops, were 
made the subject of a complimentary order from Corps Head- 
q.iarters. 

The next move of importance was Meade's effort to interpose 
his army between the two wings of Lee's army, and for that 
purpose directed the various Corps to cross the Rapidan at dif- 
ferent points, the Sixth at Jacob's Mill ford, which they did on 
the. 27th of November. Our Division was ordered to report 
to General Warren, to aid him -in outflanking, if possible, the 
enemy's right. 

Sunday, November 29th, found us in what was then considersd 
a favorable position from which to attack, and orders were issued 
for Warren to do so at 8 o'clock next morning. But when morn- 
ing came things were changed. Lee had entrenched himself in 
our front and planted batteries on our left. The flankers were 
outflanked, and Warren's heart failed him. As he told the 
speaker afterwards " he had not the courage to attack." But 
he had the courage to sacrifice himself rather than his men. He 
assumed the responsibility of suspending the attack, and Gene- 
ral Meade subsequentl}^ justified him. Thus ended the brief 
winter campaign of Mine Run, and we returned to our old 
camps. 

During December, 1863, while in camp at Brand}^ Station, the 
government called upon the three year men, two years of service 
having expired, to re-enlist for three j-ears from that date or the 
war. This call was responded to by the men of our regiments, 
with remarkable unanimity and promptitude, nearly two-thirds 
in the aggregate, voluntarily offering to continue their services 
until the last rebel laid down his arms. 

In Januar}^, 1864, our Brigade was ordered to Sandusky, 
Ohio, to prevent an anticipated attempt to liberate the rebel 
officers confined on Johnson's Island, Sandusky Bay, and re- 
mained there until the 12th of April, 1864, when Brigade Head- 
quarters and three regiments (the 65th, 67th and 122d New 
York) proceeded to rejoin the army at Brandy Station. During 
our absence from the army, the old 3d Division was disbanded, 



82 

and we were assigned to the 1st Division commanded by Gene- 
ral H. G. Wright, constituting the 4th Brigade of that Division. 

Grant's overland campaign to Richmond began at midnight, 
the 3d of May. Our Brigade, or rather the three regiments of it 
in camp crossed the Rapidan on the 4th, in charge of an ammuni- 
tion train which was parked a short distance in rear of the line 
of battle formed b}^ the 5th and 6th Corps in the Wilderness,, 
and at midnight on the 5th, moved forward and reported to our 
Division Commander. He assigned us to a position on the ex- 
treme right in support of General Seymour, who commanded the 
troops at that point. An advance of the line about 8 o'clock in 
the morning of the 6th, so shortened it that in order to retain 
possession of a prominence on our flank, our regiments had to 
be placed in the front line, thus presenting to the enem}^ a single 
attenuated line where a strong, well supported one should have 
been. Early in the day we were called upon to send a regiment 
a little to the left, to the aid of General Neill's Brigade which 
was being hard pressed. 

The 67th New York was sent in, and returned in about an 
hour, having lost about 100 men in that short time. Much 
anxiet}" was felt throughout the day for the safety of this flank 
which was practically in the air, guarded only by a skirmish 
line thrown around to the rear, and subsequent events justified 
that anxiet3\ The attention of Corps Headquarters was re- 
peatedly called to its weakness, but for reasons unknown to the 
speaker no troops were sent to us, and it was an easy matter, 
therefore, when a Brigade of Ewell's Corps under General Gor- 
don about 6 o'clock in the evening, drove in our skirmishers, to 
also double up our single line of infantry. A few officers and 
men of each of our three regiments were captured, and many 
killed and wounded. The able bodied who escaped capture, 
reformed a line along the wood road, which crossed our line 
of battle perpendicularly^, a few yards to the left. 

The Brigade Commander in reconnoitering on the borders 
of this road, with more zeal than caution, rode into the enemies 
lines and was captured. This terminated his services with the 
Brigade in which he had served since the organization of the 
arni}^, and to which he had become dearly attached. The com- 



33 

mancl of the Brigade devolved upon Colonel Nelson Cross, of 
the 6tth New York. 

In the successful assaults at Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor, 
and the defense of North Anna, which followed the battle of the 
Wilderness, its reputation was fully sustained. Throughout 
the trials encountered in the change of base to the South side of 
the James, and the besieging of Petersburg, its patience and its 
power of endurance was manifest ; and when a detached column 
under General Early, early in July, again threatened the Na- 
tional Capitol, the confidence of the Army Commander in its 
prowess, and its devotion to the cause, secured the transfer of 
the 6th Corps to the point of danger. The old residents of 
Washington will never forget with what celerity the rebel 
General was made to retire from the front of the Capitol and 
subsequently beat an inglorious retreat up the Shenandoah 
Yalley, before the war-scarred veterans of the 6th Corps, which 
by the celerit}^ of its movements, had become known as Sedg- 
wick's Cavalry. 

After this short campaign we find the Brigade back again 
among its veteran comrades of the army, hammering away at 
the defenses of Petersburg, until on Sunday morning, April 2d, 
the final charge upon the works is made. The signal success of 
the 6th Corps in this charge, not only carrying the line of de- 
fense in their front, but sweeping to the left and capturing a 
long line, thousands of prisoners and many guns, and subse- 
quently turning to the right again, driving everything before it, 
until the enemy were encircled within their last cordon of de- 
fenses, was the first of the series of staggering blows which 
ultimately determined the fate of the Confederacy. The par- 
allel race with Lee's army, which soon followed, gave another 
proof of its marching qualities. But it was at Sailor's Creek a 
few days later, where the fortunes of war gave to the 6th Corps 
the final opportunity to make still more brilliant its record by 
crushing forever and utterly destroying its ancient antago- 
nist. It is not a little remarkable, but the fact is without 
dispute, that the 6th Corps was confronted, in its four years of 
battling, oftener by EwelFs Corps than by any other in the rebel 
army. There seemed, therefore, a Providential dispensation in 
3 



34 

the circumstances -which placed it in the power of the 6th Corps 
at Sailor's Creek, Virginia, on the 6th of April, 1865, to compel 
General Ewell and all that remained of his Corps, to lay down 
their arms and become prisoners of war. The crowning glory 
of a brilliant record. 

During the period of its services, the integrity of our brigade 
was preserved from beginning to end. While, b}^ reorganiza- 
tions of the army, and the necessities of the service, whole corps 
and divisions were broken up and disbanded, our brigade organi- 
zation continued intact. Regiments were added to it and taken 
from it, indeed, to such an extent that but one of the original 
regiments retained its identit}^ in the brigade, until the disband- 
ment of the corps and final muster out. The 23d Penns3dvania 
was mustered out at the close of the Yalle}- campaign, its re- 
enlisted men being transferred to the 82d regiment. The 31st 
Pennsylvania became the 82d Pennsylvania. The 67th New 
York was mustered out at the end of three years, and the re- 
enlisted men were transferred to the 65th New York. The 122d 
New York was not an original member, but joined in the Sum- 
mer of 1862, and was transferred to Bidwell's Brigade of the 
2d Division, 6th Corps, in the Summer of 1864. The 61st Penn- 
sylvania was taken to make up a Light Brigade, and never re- 
turned to us. The 65th New York (1st United States Chasseurs, 
as it was called), was, therefore, the only one of all of the origi- 
nal members, which retained its identit}^ through four long years 
of war, and until the final disbandment of the army and muster 
out. It is said that this was the last regiment of the Army of 
the Potomac mustered out. 

Upon the muster out of the 67th New York, Colonel Cross 
retired from the service, and the command of the brigade de- 
volved upon Colonel Joe. E. Hamblin of the 65th New York, 
than whom a more gallant and faithful oflicer could not be found 
in the service. 

In this hastily prepared and imperfect record of the services 
of our brigade, it may be considered not improper to speak of 
the qualities of some of the Colonels of the regiments which 
composed it. It is a matter of historical record, which may be 
alluded to here, without disparagement to others. Most of them 



35 

showed a capacity and talent for military service which sooner 
•or later secured for them deserved promotion. Colonel David B. 
Birney, of the 23d Pennsylvania was made a Brigadier-General 
and Major-General of Yolunteers. Colonel Thomas H. Neill, of 
the same regiment, was made Brigadier-General and Brevet 
Major-General. Colonel John Ely, also of the same regiment, 
i;vas made a Brigadier-General. Colonel Nelson Cross, of the 
67th New York, was made a Brigadier-General and Brevet 
Major-General. Colonel John Cochrane, of the 65th New York, 
was made a Brigadier-General. Colonel Alexander Shaler and 
■Colonel Joe. E. Hamblin, of the same regiment, were both made 
Brigadier-Generals and Brevet Major-Generals of A^olunteers. 

Having through the fortunes of war been separated from the 
brigade during the last year of its service, a period in which 
promotions would be most likely to occur, I have referred to 
those only of which I have personal knowledge. No brigade in 
the army was more fortunate in the quality of its officers ; and, 
very many, too many to refer to here b}^ name, were for their 
superior talent and ability ; for their gallant conduct, and for 
long and faithful services, promoted to higher grades, detailed 
to staff duty, and assigned to other special and honorable service. 

The case of Lieutenant-Colonel D wight, of the 122d New York, 
was one of unrewarded merit. He gallantly commanded the 
regiment in nearly all its battles, and until it was reduced below 
the number for which a Colonel could be mustered ; and was 
finally killed in front of Petersburg, without having received the 
promotion which he had repeatedly earned and was justly en- 
titled to. 

The brigade was equally fortunate in the composition of its 
Staff, Captain William P. Roome, Assistant Adjutant-General; 
Captain Samuel Truesdell, Assistant Inspector-General ; Major 
George W. Ford, Assistant Quartermaster, and Captain Nat. 
Ellmaker, Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, were all officers 
of the highest qualities, possessing especial fitness for their re- 
spective positions, The}^ served throughout with unsurpassed 
-zeal and faithfulness, and retired honored and respected by all 
with whom they had intercourse. 

To commemorate the services of this noble body of men upon 



36 

this field of battle, and to dedicate memorials to their fallen 
comrades, we have met to-day. In looking back, visions pass- 
before us like a dream. We see the demon of war with haughty 
mien uplift his arm to assail our national existence. Rebelliou& 
hordes are marshalled for unholy conquest. With rapid strides 
and swift approaches the swelling ranks besiege our capitol. In- 
dignant lo3^alty with glaring astonishment nerves herself for de- 
fense. Liberty is fettered, and affrighted peace seeks safety in 

flight. 

To arms ! to arms ! the people cry, 
The daDger to our Capitol is nigh. 

With sentiment akin to filial love, the masses with one accord 
uprise and bid defiance. The conflict rages. Death, devastation 
and destruction revel. Gloom and sorrow prevail. Protentious 
clouds of darkness envelop us. Evil spirits, with hellish intent,, 
pursue unchallenged their damnable ways. The angels mourn, 
and all nature in darkness weeps. But see, a silver lining ap- 
pears. Peering with hopeful aspect, Peace, with olive branch 
extended, seeks audience. In the distance seething masses of 
armed men struggle for master}^ With diminished force rebel- 
lion aims her blows, and finally sinks to rise no more. Victory 
perches on Loj^alty's crest. Homeward turns the Spartan band, 
heroes all ! Halos of glor}^ illumine the sky. Loved ones meet 
in jo3^ous ecstacy. Liberty and peace have resumed their places. 
The dream has passed ; but stern reality bids us inquire, where 
is father, brother and son. In yonder graves they lie, victims of 
disloj^alty, and martyrs for their country. Let us keep their 
memories green, and each recurring year cover them with im- 
mortelles, and sweet-scented flowers. And let us not forget the 
living heroes. Let us remember that to them we are indebted 
for the blessings of peace and prosperity which our re-united 
country now enjoys. Let us remember that the " stars on our 
banner grew suddenly dim ; '' and that it was the private soldier 
who restored to them their lustre, and palsied the hand which 
attempted their obliteration. While our children are taught to 
revere that emblem of unity and strength, let them also be taught 
the danger of assailing it. Teach them to honor its defenders ; 
and if in after time it should again be threatened, let them emulate 
the patriotic example set by their fathers on this hallowed spot. 



3t 

At its close the General was congratulated on all sides upon 
Ms accurate and valuable historical review of the services of the 
briofade. 



Then followed the Dedication Services of the I22d New York. 
After music by the Grand Army of the Republic Band of Gettys- 
burg, who played " The Star Spangled Banner," Comrade A. H. 
HuBBS, President of the 122d New York Volunteers Associa- 
tion, opened the exercises with a brief address, introducing on 
Ibehalf of the Committee in charge of the erection of their 
monument, Major Davis Cossitt, of Syracuse, 122d New York, 
"who delivered the following address : 

ADDRESS OF MAJOR DAYIS COSSITT. 

-Comrades and Friends : 

I need not take this occasion to remind you that the ground 
upon which we meet to-day, and the deeds which we are gathered 
here to honor and commemorate, are among the most interesting 
and important on the world's record ; for b}^ common consent of 
history, both military and civil, Gettysburg has been added to 
the number of those decisive contests that have influenced the 
<30urse of events and made or marred the destinies of nations. 

After repeatedly measuring its strength with the Army of 
Northern Virginia, on the soil of the Old Dominion, with varied 
fortune, sometimes partially successful, more frequently en- 
•countering successful resistance or defeat and disaster, the Army 
of the Potomac did finally on this field of Gettysburg, achieve 
■a decisive, substantial victory. 

There has been an impression somewhat prevalent that Gulp's 
Hill was a mere outpost of little consequence, in the battle of 
Gettysburg. In reality it was one of the most important points 
in the Union lines. As anj^one can see, had Johnson succeeded 
in establishing his strong division along this ridge, almost 
directly in rear of Cemetery Hill, supported as he was by the 
other divisions of Ewell's Corps, comprising at least one-third 



38 

of the entire Confederate army, Meade would have been forced' 
to retreat, he would have been flanked from his position without, 
the firing of a shot, and the road to Baltimore and Washington 
left open to the invader. Retreat at that time meant nothing 
less than rout, disaster and ruin to the Union Army. 

No one general was great enough, no one army corps large 
enough to absorb quite all the glories of this, the great battle of 
the war. The record made by Shaler's Brigade is one to which 
all may point with pride. While in nowise desirous of arroga- 
ting to ourselves an undue share of the honors, we maj^ justly 
claim that we contributed our full share towards securing the 
final glorious result. 

At daj'light, on the morning of the third days' fight, we moved' 
from the foot of Round Top to this ravine, and among the rocks 
some fifteen rods back from the front line. By order of General 
Shaler, the 122d dashed across the intervening space and took 
possession of the breastwork on our front. Here we found the 
149th New York, of the 12th Corps, posted immediately on our 
left. Thus these two Onondaga regiments, fighting side b}' side, 
aided in dislodging Johnson from this portion of our line, and 
from the works of which he had partial possession. 

While advancing this short distance over this ridge, and in 
defence of the breastworks, the 122d lost, in killed and wounded, 
f0rt3^-four of its members, a greater proportionate loss than was 
sustained by either of the contending armies on any one of those 
days of battle and carnage ; and the fact that the enemy made 
no further attempt to secure this important position, attests that 
he too must have been severely punished. There was fighting 
that day on Culp's Hill, as well as elsewhere along the line. 

Two years ago while some of us were on a pilgrimage to this 
battle-field, we could not but notice that the great State of New 
York, which had more regiments engaged, and lost more men 
than any other State, had neither monument nor tablet of any 
description to her soldiers. Through the efi'orts of members of 
the Grand Army, our Legislature made an appropriation suffi- 
cient to furnish each of our regiments which chose to accept it, 
with a monument. We are, therefore, enabled to-day to dedi- 
cate this monument commemorative of our three years' service,. 



39 

and more especially as a memorial to those of our comrades who 
gave their lives in defense of the cause they loved, and of the 
flag they so valiantly carried. 

On behalf of the Committee having the matter in charge, it is 
my pleasing duty to present you the monument we haA^e selected, 
chaste and simple in design, with the insigna of the Corps 
with which we served, it will stand as a memento of a regiment 
that never failed in the performance of a duty, nor faltered when 
in the presence of an enemy, and whose surviving members, I 
am glad to know, maintain as citizens the reputation so nobly 
won as soldiers ; and as inexorable time depletes our ranks, may 
each one of us find himself prepared for the final muster. 

By universal choice of the regiment, the honor of unveiling 
the monument has been awarded to our old Color Bearer, Com- 
rade Amasa Chase ; but candor compels me to say that " Uncle 
Amasa" enlisted under false colors — he colored his hair and 
colored his whiskers ; and though long past the age of exemp- 
tion from military services cheated the mustering officer into the 
belief that he was a young fellow with the rest of us. But he 
never failed in a duty, nor fell out on a march ; on every field 
his sturd}^ form and pleasant face were always at the front ; and 
notwithstanding his nearly four-score years, he carries our colors 
to-day as he carried these identical colors on the field twenty- 
five years ago. 

The monument was then unveiled by the old Color Sergeant 
of the Regiment, Amasa Chase, amid the music of the G. A. R. 
Band and plaudits of the vast crowd. 

President Alexander H. Hubbs, of Syracuse, returned the 
thanks of the Committee, for the elegant manner in which Major 
Cossitt had performed the services imposed upon him, and in be- 
half of the 122d New York Volunteers Association, accepted 
the beautiful monument just unveiled ; and it gave him great 
pleasure and honor to present it to " The Battlefield Memorial 
Association" for their safe care and keeping. 

John M. Krauth, Secretary of the " The Gettysburg Battlefield 
Memorial Association, in a brief speech accepting the trust, after 



40 

which Lieutenant-Colonel 0. V. Tracy, of S3'racuse, New York, 
was introduced, and delivered the following dedicatory address : 

ADDRESS OF LIEUT.COLONEL 0. Y. TRACY. 

Comrades of the 122d New York, 

AND OF ShALER's BRIGADE : 

I take the place of one of our survivors to-day, to whom most 
appropriate!}^ had been assigned the duty of making the address 
on this occasion, Major J. B. Davis, who, doing his dut}^ bravely 
behind these very breastworks, received a severe wound that 
incapacitated him for further service with the regiment. He 
had fully intended to have come from his distant home in Ne- 
braska to meet his old comrades ; but a telegram received from 
him the latter part of last week, advised us that a sudden severe 
illness would prevent his attendance, and I regret it on your 
account, as you will miss the excellent address he would have 
made. 

The 122d New York was enlisted entirely in the county of 
Onondaga, in the fair garden of Central New York, and mus- 
tered into service at Syracuse, New York, August 28, 1862. We 
left Sj^racuse, August 31, 1802, a thousand strong, under com- 
mand of Colonel Silas Titus, who is with us here to-da3^ A. 
W. Dwight, Lieutenant-Colonel ; J. B. Davis, Major ; A. J. 
Smith, Adjutant ; Frank Lester, Quartermaster ; N. R. Tefft, Sur- 
geon ; J. 0. Slocum and E. A. Knapp, Assistants, and L. M. 
Nickerson, Chaplain. 

Colonel Titus remained in command of the regiment until 
after the battle of Gettysburg, when compelled to leave on 
account of ill health, Colonel Dwight assumed command, which 
he retained until killed in action before Petersburg, Virginia, 
in March, 1865. Major Brower, who succeeded Major Davis 
having been killed at the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 
1864. Major Clapp, one of the best and bravest officers any regi- 
ment ever had, upon Colonel Dwight's death took command 
and was succeeded by Captain Walpole who had been promoted 
to Colonel, and who brought the regiment home at the close of 
the war, which came soon after. 



41 

Our losses during our three j^ears' service, were, killed in 
action, 5 officers, 59 enlisted men; died of wounds, 1 officer and 
29 men ; died of disease, 3 officers, 68 men ; accidentally killed, 
2 men ; drowned, 1 man ; died in rebel prisons, 14 men, a total of 
1*79 deaths. The number of wounded reached to nearly 500, 
making the total casualities of the regiment more than one-half 
of the original number. 

While time forbids that a fitting tribute should be paid to 
many a gallant comrade who fell, I must pause for a moment to 
speak of two ; the one Colonel A. W. Dwight, to whom the effi- 
ciency of the regiment was so largely due. Serving under him 
as Adjutant, I can bear testimon}^ to the good discipline he 
maintained, his courage and his faithfulness even unto death, 
which came just as we were to reap the fruits of our three years 
of trials and sufferings in the closing victory of the war. The 
other Lieutenant, Frank Wooster, a brave and capable officer, 
for whom no march was long enough to stop the flow of his 
spirits, and who always was disposed to see the humorous side 
of even the trials of our arm}^ life. Never shall I forget my 
last sight of him, his face aglow with the ardor of battle, as 
we involuntarily clasped hands as we passed each other in that 
hastily formed line in the battle of the Wilderness, repelling 
the flank attack. In a few moments I was a prisoner, and 
the very day I succeeded in regaining our lines at Harper's 
Ferr}^, poor Wooster was killed at Cold Harbor. With a pre- 
monition of coming events he wrote Ma}^ 14, 1864, to my 
mother after my capture : " If your son is alive and a prisoner, 
€is I believe him to be, and I think of what we have been through 
for the last two weeks, and what we are likely to go through in 
the next few weeks to come, I feel I have cause to congratulate 
you, rather than condole with you.'' 

Upon our arrival at Washington, we went into camp for a few 
days, when we were ordered to join the Army of the Potomac ; 
and fortunately for us, were assigned to Cochrane's, soon to be- 
come Shaler's Brigade, composed of the 23d, 61st and 82d Penn- 
sylvania^ 65th and 6tth New York. 

I don't believe any of us will forget the day when we joined 
the brigade at Orfut's Cross Roads. The old regiments were so 



42 

reduced in numbers by the Peninsula campaign, that we were 
not surprised as our long line filed past to be greeted with the 
shout, " Hello, what brigade is that ?" 

We were kindly received in the brigade, and if they did take 
a little advantage of our greenness and credulity, and told us 
big stories of the Peninsula campaign, and the " ScA^en Days' 
Fight ;" we soon learned to be " old soldiers" ourselves, and held 
our own with them ; and after (Gettysburg and the Wilderne.ss, 
we never heard quite so much of the " Seven Days' Fight." 

Soon after joining the brigade, Major Hamblin of the Chas- 
seurs, was assigned to our regiment for a short time ; and I 
think I but express the unanimous voice of the regiment when 
I say how much we were indebted to him for his instruction and 
advice ; and how he won all our hearts by his courtesy and good 
humor. Would that he might have been spared to be with us 
here to-day. 

General Cochrane left us before we had hardly time to know 
him, and was succeeded by that thorough and gallant soldier, 
General Alexander Shaler ; and if at first we thought he was 
rather strict in his discipline, and severe in his drills, after hav- 
ing been in battle under his command we appreciated the value 
of it all, and knew that wherever he sent us he was near us him- 
self, caring for us, and always ready, if necessary, to lead us. 

General Shaler commanded the brigade until the disastrous at- 
tack in the Wilderness, when in the confusion and while attempt- 
ing to repel the rebel advance, he was taken prisoner, and I,. 
following my General, as I had been taught, found myself a 
prisoner with him. 

Upon my escape from Lynchburg and return to the regiment,, 
I found it brigaded with other troops, Shaler's Brigade having 
been broken up. But before leaving the brigade I must not forget 
to mention the Staff — Captain Truesdell, the sharp-eyed Inspec- 
tor, who looked so closely after our camps ; Lieutenant Johnson,, 
the handsome Aide ; Captain Ford, the efficient Quartermaster, 
and that gallant soldier and courteous gentleman, Captain Roome 
who had such a pleasant way of delivering even a disagreeable 
order, that we hastened to obey. 



43 

I will not attempt in the short time allotted me, to follow the- 
regiment through its three years service in the Sixth Corps, under 
those efficient commanders Sedgwick and Wright, participating 
as it did in every battle of the Army of the Potomac from Anti- 
etam to Appomattox, besides serving under the gallant Sheridan 
in the Shenandoah Valley, but will only speak briefly of the part 
it took in the Battle of Gettysburg. 

The afternoon of July 1, 1863, found us at Manchester, 36 
miles from Gettysburg, where we enjoj-ed a much needed rest 
after our continuous march from Fredericksburg, but the battle 
had begun and the Sixth Corps w^ere sorely needed here. 

Our Division Commander, General Newton, was called to take 
the place of the lamented Reynolds, who had fallen in defence of 
his native state. 

We left Manchester at dusk on the evening of Jul}'- 1, and all 
through the dreary night pushed on towards Gettj^sburg. As 
morning dawned the sound of the second day's battle greeted our 
ears, faint at first, but growing more and more distinct as we 
hurried forward to the assistance of our comrades of the Army 
of the Potomac. 

Halting only for the occasional five minutes rest, and twice to 
make coffee, we struggled on through that hot July daj^, nerved 
to renewed efforts as the sound of the battle grew louder and 
louder, reaching the banks of Rock Creek in the middle of the 
afternoon, and redeeming the promise our noble Sedgwick had 
made when he received his orders the night before : " Tell Gene- 
ral Meade,"' he said to the staff officer who brought the order,, 
"tell General Meade, I will be at Gett3^sbarg with my Corps at 
two o'clock to-morrow afternoon." 

Part of our Corps were engaged that night : dashing on to the 
field at a double-quick, after their long march, they assisted in re- 
lieving the Third Corps. 

Our brigade went into bivouac in rear of Little Round Top,, 
sleeping on our arms. We were roused again before daylight 
and moved to Gulp's Hill, reporting to General Geary, com- 
manding the Twelfth Corps. 

On that pleasant July morning, twenty-five years ago, these- 



44 

peaceful woods were filled with the aiigiy sounds of war. Here 
might have been heard the whistle of the minie bullet or the 
shriek of the vindictive shell, as Lee made his last desperate at- 
tempt to turn the right of our arm3\ 

In yonder ravine lay Shaler's Brigade, when in the midst of 
the strife a regiment of the Twelfth Corps were compelled to fall 
back from these breastworks, their ammunition exhausted. Un- 
der orders from General Shaler the 122d sprang forward with a 
cheer to take their places. Charging across yon knoll we re- 
occupied these breastworks, and assisted by other regiments — 
notably the 149th New York, who were on our immediate left, a 
regiment from our own county of Onondaga — friends and neigh- 
bors fighting side-b3'-side, w^e held this portion of the line against 
the repeated charges of the enemy until the}^ abandoned their 
attack in despair. 

In the gallant charge across j^on knoll and in the subsequent 
defense of these breastworks, we lost ten of our comrades killed 
or mortally wounded, and thirt3^-four more or less severel}^ w^oun- 
ded, a very large proportion of the number actually engaged, and 
one-third in number of the killed, and one-sixth in wounded of 
the loss that da}' sustained b}' onr Corps. 

Through the liberalit}^ of the Empire State we to-day dedicate 
this monument, surmounted b}' the cross we fought under, to the 
memory of our comrades who here gave their lives up freely in 
the service of their countr^^, and whose graves in yonder beauti- 
ful cemeter}^ bear mute witness for them ; of those other comrades 
some of whom have died, and others that live and still suffer 
from wounds received that da}", and still further in commemo- 
ration of the gallant services of our regiment in the Sixth Army 
Corps, a tribute to those that are gone, as well as to the survivors 
who as good citizens maintain the reputation they won on the 
field. 

As we gather year by year at our annual re-unions, we find our 
fraternal bonds strengthened as our ranks decrease, and when 
we shall all have been mustered into that grand army above, may 
we find that the services we have rendered our country in her 
hour of need, on this and other memorable fields, will not be found 
'to have been in vain. 




122d New York Yolunteers Monument. 



Description of 122d New Yoek Monument. 

The Monument of the 122d Regiment is made of 
New Hamj^shire granite. The base is set upon an im- 
mense rock, situated a few feet in the rear of the rifle 
j)its, and a short distance to the right of the 149th 
Regiment's monument. It marks very accurately the 
position occupied by the regiment, and is near the left 
of the line. Surmounting the cap is the corps badge, 
the Greek cross, so cut as to present the same appear- 
ance from either side. On the front of the cap stone 
in raised letters are the words '' 122d N. Y. Inf'y," and 
on the left and right sides are the words " 1st Brigade," 
" 3d Division," and on the front of the base " Gth Army 
Corps." The die has three polished panels and one 
rock finished. On two of the former are inscriptions 
as follows: ''Assisted in repulsing the attack on the 
morning of July 3, 1863 ; loss, killed 10, wounded 34." 
■^'Organized Onondaga Co., N. Y. Mustered into 
service at Syracuse, N. Y., August 28, 1862. Served 
■continuously with the Sixth Corps until the close of 
the war." In the third panel is sunken the state Jcoat 
of arms in bronze. 



After the dedication services of the 122d, the great crowd 
moved over to the 23d Pennsylvania Yolunteers Monument, un- 
der the command of Colonel John F. Glenn, and formed three 
sides of a square. The exercises opened with music by the 
McKnightstown Band, followed b}^ the Rev. Dr. H. W. McKnight 
President of the Gettysburg College — a veteran of the Sixth 
Corps— who eloquently delivered a fervent pra3'er. 

Colonel John F. Glenn, of Philadelphia, President of the Sur- 
vivors' Association 23d Pennsylvania Yolunteers, then delivered 
the following address : 

COLONEL JOHN F. GLENN'S ADDRESS. 

Comrades of the 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers 
AND Friends of Shaler's Brigade. 

'' We assemble here to-da}' to unveil a Statue that surmounts 
our Monument, that we had the honor to dedicate some two 
years ago, and it is with feelings of gratification that I extend 
congratulations to the 23d Pennsj^lvania Yolunteers and Com- 
rades of Shaler's Brigade, for such a large attendance of their 
survivors on this hallowed ground — and in their name I most 
heartily thank our friends who have honored the occasion by 
their presence. To the State of Pennsylvania we extend our 
grateful thanks for the gift which I now unveil, that of a Birney 
Zouave — and in saying this I assure the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania of the gratitude of all the Survivors of the 23d Pennsyl- 
vania Yolunteer Infantry." 

The Statue was then unveiled amid the applause of the crowd 
and music of the bands, by the following ladies : Mrs. Colonel 
John F. Glenn, Mrs. Colonel William J. Wallace, Miss Emma 
Wray, (daughter of the Secretary) of Philadelphia, Mrs. Captain 
James M. Craig, of Allegheny Cit}^, and Mrs. John MoflStt, of 
Pittsburg. After order was restored, President Glenn introduced 
•Comrade William J. Wray, of Philadelphia, Secretary of the 



48 

Survivors' Association, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, who pre- 
sented the Statue to the Battlefield Memorial Association in the 
following address : 

WILLIAM J. WRAY'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. Secretary, and members 

of the Gett3^sburg Battlefield Memorial Association. 

On August 6, 1886, the Survivors' Association of the 23d 
Regiment Pennsylvania Yolunteers, and their friends, had the 
honor to dedicate and turn over to the keeping of your Associ- 
ation this Tablet, that marks the position of the 28d during the 
action of July 3, 1863. On that occasion, General Alexander 
Shaler, as orator of the day, after reviewing the action of Gettys- 
burg, and histor}" of the Regiment, in most eloquent words, gene- 
rously paid tribute to the command as its Brigade Commander. 

Since that time the State of Pennsylvania having appropriated 
the sum of $1,500 to each Pennsylvania command that partici- 
pated in the action for the erection of monuments. Our Associ- 
ation appointed the required committee — selected a design of a 
Statue to surmount their Tablet. The Pennsylvania State Com- 
mission on Gettysburg Monuments having approved of our 
selection, the work was ordered done, and we are here to-day to 
transfer to the keeping of the Battlefield Memorial Association, 
this granite work of art, just unveiled — a Statue of a " Birney 
Zouave." You will observe the figure represents a youthful 
soldier, who advancing up the slope at trail arms, grasps his 
musket impulsivel}^, as he suddenly receives the fire of the enemy. 
It is quite a departure from the dress parade figure usually cut 
in granite, and while not regulation as to the position of the 
musket, it is realistic — thus showing the soldier under fire — and 
one more appropriate on a battlefield. The surroundings being 
woodland — the figure is supported by a broken tree, apparently 
struck by a piece of shell — all details as to uniform and accoutre- 
ments have been brought artistically out, — and in placing this 
work of art in the keeping of your Association, we deem it a 
pleasant duty we owe to thank you for the faithful manner in which 
you have labored for the preservation of this field — and in the name 



49 

of the Survivors' of the 23d Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry^ 
we gratefully acknowledge the gift of the State of Pennsylvania, 
who so generously appropriated the funds for its erection. 

Secretary John M. Krauth, of Gettysburg, received the Statue 
on behalf of the Battlefield Memorial Association, in a brief 
address. 

75 ladies of the 23d, as choristers, then sang the following 
verses of the National Hymn — "America." 

My country ! 'tis of thee, 
Sweet land of liberty, 

Of thee I sing : 
Land where my fathers died ! 
Land of the Pilgrim's pride 
From every mountain side 

Let Freedom ring ! 

My native country, thee. 
Land of the noble free, 

Thy name I love ; 
I love thy rocks and rills. 
Thy woods and templed hills ; 
My heart with rapture thrills, 

Like that above. 

Let music swell the breeze. 
And ring from all the trees 

Sweet freedom's song : 
Let mortal tongues awake ; 
Let all that breathe partake ; 
Let rocks their silence break, 

The sound prolong. 

Our fathers' God, to thee, 
Author of Liberty, 

To thee we sing ; 
Long may our land be bright 
With Freedom's holy light ; 
Protect us by thy might, 

Great God, our King. 



50 

With music of the band, and everybody joining in the singing, 

the inspiring melody that went up in the woods, made a scene 

long to be remembered. Then followed the singing of the 

"Doxology." 

Praise God, from whom all blessings flow ; 
Piaise him, all creatures here below ; 
Praise him above, ye heavenly host ; 
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. 

Benediction was then pronounced b}^ the Kev. H. W. McKnight. 
Taps were then sounded on the bugle by Bugler Blanck, of 
Philadelphia. 





23d Pennsylvania Volunteers Monument. 
(Birney's Zouaves.) 



Description of the 23d Pennsylvania Monument. 

The Tablet, with the Statue, is of Quincy Granite, 16 feet in 
height, and contains the following inscriptions : 

On the front face of the statue base, as will be observed in the 
engraving, is the Pennsylvania coat- of-arms on a bronze plate. On 
the cap of the monument, " Twenty-third Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers." The die of the monument contains the National and State 
flags crossed, with " Sixth Corps " mark in blue enamel, followed 
by the legend : "The Regiment was placed in reserve in rear of' 
this position at 9.30 a. m. en tlie 3d of July, and subsequently five 
companies advanced into the breastworks. During the heavy can- 
nonadingit moved with the brigade to support the left centre. Loss 
in the action 2 officers and 29 enlisted men killed and wounded." 
On the third base is engraved the words: " Birney's Zouaves." 
Second base : " First Brigade, Third Division, Sixth Corps." On 
the rear face of the statue base is inscribed : This statue was erec- 
ted by the State of Pennsylvania." On the die of the rear face of 
the monument is inscribed an official list of actions participated in 
by the regiment : "Falling Waters, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair 
Oaks, White Oak Swamp, Charles City Cross Roads, Turkey Bend, 
Malvern Hill, Chantilly, Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights, Salem 
Church, Gettysburg, Funkstown, Rappahannock Station, Mine 
Run, Cold Harbor, Hanover Court House, 1864; Peteisburg, 
June 19, 1864, to July 9, 1864 ; Fort Stevens, Shenandoah Valley 
Campaign, with Sixth Corps, until August 21, 1864, when ordered 
home for muster out. Casualties: — 139 killed, 520 wounded, 86 
died. Total 735." 

Third Base — With the Sixth Corps, at 8 p. M., July 1, the regi- 
ment marched from Manchester, 37 miles, arriving on the field at 
5 P. M., July 2, going into position with Shaler's Brigade near 
Little Round Top ; ordered to Gulp's Hill, on the morning of July 
3, where it remained until ordered to " Left Centre," in support 
of Second Corps ; moving off in pursuit of Lee, July 5. 

Right face — Die : — Mustered in at Philadelphia for three months' 
service, April 21, 1861. Mustered out July 31, 1861. Re-mustered 
for three years' service August 2, 1861. Mustered out September 8,. 
1864. Veterans and recruits transferied to Eighty-second Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers. 

Third Base : — Our Corps Commanders : Patterson, Keyes, Frank- 
lin, Sedgwick, Wright. Our Division Commanders : Cadwallader, 
Buell, Couch, Newton, Wheaton, Russell. 

Left Face — Die : — This tablet was erected August, 1886, by the 
survivors of the Twenty-third Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 
and their friends. 

Third Base : — Our Brigade Commanders : George H. Thomas,. 
Graham, Abercrombie, Cochrane, Shaler, Edwards. Our Regi- 
mental Commanders ; Dare, Birney, Neill, Ely, Glenn. 

This not only marks the position of the regiment in the action, 
but gives a concise history of the " old command." The tablet is. 
erected on the top of the slope on Gulp's Hill, immediately in rear 
of the breastworks, showing it to have been one of the relieving^ 
regiments. 



53 

The march was then resumed to the grounds ot the 82d 
OPennsylvania Volunteers Monument — where Lieut.-Colonel John 
M. Wetherill, President of the 82d Pennsylvania Volunteers 
Association, opened the exercises with the following address : — 

MEUT.-COLONEL JOHN M. WETHERILL'S ADDRESS. 

Friends and Comrades : 

The people of Pennsylvania, mindful of the services of her 
Soldier sons, have ordered through their representatives, the 
Legislature and Governor of the State, the erection of Monu- 
ments to commemorate their deeds upon this battle-field, and 
have confided to the survivors of those who fought here, the 
■duty of selecting the form and locating the place upon which 
they are erected. 

In accordance with this trust, we are assembled to-day, to de- 
liver to the proper authority this completed structure erected as 
a lasting witness and testifying that it is the place where your 
most valuable services and sacrifices in this battle were rendered 
to the cause of our country. 

For the purpose of handing down this record to future gene- 
rations, the same organization is assembled here that occupied it 
a quarter of a century ago. But how changed ! Then in the full 
bloom of active manhood, in martial array, with banners stream- 
ing, drums beating, with bright arms, erect bearing, and all the 
manly pride and bravery of the experienced soldier. 

Now the few survivors advance to this well-remembered spot 
with bended form, halting from wounds and with tottering step. 
Some still retain something of the elasticity of youth, but in the 
youngest the hair is sprinkled with white, and the eye, accus- 
tomed to the listlesness of peace, has lost in advancing age the 
sternness of expression with which it formerly undaunted gazed 
into the fire of opposing musketry. 

Many are missed, laid low by the storm of subsequent battles, 
and time, a more relentless enemy, has more than decimated the 
remainder. 



54 

We, the few who are left, with grateful acknowledgments tCK 
the Almighty, who through these memorable scenes of our lives 
has preserved us to the present, rejoice that we are permitted to 
assemble upon this historic field to consumate the purpose which 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has so kindly assigned us. 

It is fitting, that on this occasion, the record of this part of 
your services to your country should be recorded. I wish I 
were better able to perform this pleasing duty, for no tongue can 
be too eloquent, or pen too graceful to describe the deeds of the 
patriot soldiers, who have made this field historic throughout all 
coming ages. 

There is no need to remind you of the first day of July, 1863, 
when you were encamped on the line of Pipe Creek, thirty-seven 
miles distant from the ground on which we now stand. How 
pleasant and cheerful had been the day of rest, which after your 
rapid march from the Potomac, 3"0u enjo3^ed in the woods near 
the banks of that insignificant rivulet. The long Summer day 
had ended and night closed upon the scene. Momentarily ex- 
pecting tattoo 3^ou were making preparations to enjo}^ the un- 
wonted luxury of a Summer nights sleep under the trees. 

The drummers call is heard. What is it! It is 3^et too early 
for tattoo. Soon you learn, as out beats the assembly, letting 
you know that there is no rest for that night. The accoutre- 
ments put on, the shelter tents unfastened and distributed, the 
orderly's command, " Fall in," the roll called and all accounted 
for, these are the work of a moment. With brief ceremony the 
Regiment is formed and j^ou are on the march. No one knows 
where. Your brigade heads the column. In the darkness the 
road is mistaken, and two miles added to the march in regain- 
ing the right direction. 

Well was it for jou. that the day had been one of rest — for 
hour after hour through the night the march continues. Daylight 
saw 3'ou still steadily advancing with ranks well closed up ; and 
sunrise shows you a pleasing country with hills and valleys, well 
cultivated, the abode of an energetic, thrifty and happy popu- 
lation. 

You learn that you are on the Baltimore turnpike, and that 



55 

your objective point is Gettysburg, in Pennsylvania, yet many 
miles distant. The knowledge that you are marching to defend 
the soil of your State inspires additional ardor and regardless of 
fatigue, you press on in unbroken ranks with renewed determi- 
nation. 

Hour after hour the march continues, until about three o'clock 
in the afternoon, from the hollow of Rock Creek, you discern the 
Cemetery near the road, and stretching along the ridge, forever 
after to be called by that name — the Union line of battle. 

Brief is the halt. The reinforcement of your Corps, eagerly 
looked for by General Meade, has arrived, and the positions of 
its Divisions and Brigades marked out before their arrival. 
Some to the right, others to the centre ; your brigade files to the 
left, and crossing through the fields strikes the Taney town road, 
and marches along it to the rear of Round Top. Here your arms 
are stacked in line, and you prepare what food you can, still 
wearing all equipments. This pleasant business just begun, the 
Assembly call is heard, and again you quickly form in line. 
But for a short time. The emergency is passed, and dismissed 
again your rough repast is prepared, and night soon coming on, 
your blankets are spread for beds upon the grass, among the gi- 
gantic boulders, under the luxuriant foliage of the grove, and 
grateful sleep, unrealized by any but those who have experienced 
a similar labor, ends the da}^ 

With the first streaks of early dawn, refreshed by welcome rest, 
again you are position. Now you feel that business is to be done. 
Rifles are examined and cartridges counted. So pressing is the 
occasion, no time can be spared for breakfast. A draught of 
water from the canteens and a hard tack munched at intervals as 
you march are your only repast, as soon in route you retrace 
your steps of the afternoon before, along che Taneytown road. 

The sun rises bright and clear, and the grass, wet with dew, 
sparkles in its beams. It is the last sunrise on earth to many 
brave men, but its cheerful rays banish all forebodings as you 
gaily strike across the fields towards Gulp's Hill. Soon the can- 
non opens upon your rear. This is from an unexpected quarter, 
as our own lines are between you and the enemy, but still you 
advance with the steadiness contracted by two years of discipline 



56 

and the experience of many battles. Some one orders the flag 
unfurled, thinking our own men are firing upon you by mistake, 
The order couk-s to furl the flag, as it is not advisable to make 
too prominent a mark, and jon soon discover the cause of the 
disturbance to be from the enemj^, who occupying an elevated 
position is thereby enabled to fire over our lines along Cemeter}^ 
Ridge and into your rear. Still advancing under this fire, in time 
3^ou reach the hollow just below and to the West, easily discern- 
able from this position were it not for the foliage of the trees. 
The Brigade is formed in columns of Regiments — in line. Gene- 
ral Geary, in command of this portion of the field, appears, and 
a brief consultation is held. The 122d New York is ordered 
forward to this spot, supported b}^ the 82d Pennsylvania, with 
instructions to drive out the enemy from our intrenchments, 
which they had occupied the night before. The engagement 
opens briskly with the 122d New York, and their firing is rapid 
and successful, the Confederates being driven back. 

Then the 82d Pennsylvania relieves them and oc(;upies the in- 
trenchments, the enemy endeavoring their re-capture, but failing 
in the attempt, and after his failure maintaining a desultory fire 
for !i considerable time, which is replied to in a similar manner 
■foy the 82d and the 23d Pennsylvania on your right, and the 67th 
New York on your left. 

This is without much result on either side, and after a time all 
firing ceased, and some of the enemies wounded came and were 
brought into our lines. 

When the firing on both sides had ceased 3'ou were relieved 
from this position by a portion of General Geary's command, and 
you retire to the ravine at the foot of the hill on which we now 
stand, thinking that for the present j^our labors are over. 

But the enemy, finding himself uhable to withstand the attack 
in front, opens upon your rear with his artillery, firing, as he had 
previously done, over our lines, along Cemetery Ridge. Nothing 
is gained to him by this procedure, for well you have learned 
that Artillery is more noisy than harmful at the distance in which 
it was operated, and not to be compared, in its eflfect, with the 
more quiet and deadly musketry. Finding his efforts useless the 
artillery fire upon 3^ou is finally turned in another direction. 



5t 

Your rest, however, is but of short duration. General Meade had 
perceived the massing of the enemies centre, and the fire of his 
artillery was now directed upon our batteries, which lined our 
front along Cemetery Ridge. Anticipating the movement which 
•culminated in Pickett's charge, he desired to strengthen his 
centre, now known to be the intended point of attack. Not a 
momemt is to be lost and 3^our brigade is ordered to the centre 
in double quick time. In almost a run you arrive upon the 
ground, and are posted a little to the left of the centre, in rear of 
artillery, which replies, gun for gun, with the rapid discharges of 
their opponents. Soon the artillery fire ceases, and Pickett's 
jgallant men advance to the attack. 

Perceiving the point towards which his movement is directed, 
your brigade is moved a short distance to our right, to form a 
line of battle in the rear of the front to furnish a resisting force 
in case the lines in front should be unable to withstand the attack. 

The suspense is brief — the enemy with all his gallantry being 
but able to reach our first line, when broken in pieces, torn and 
■dispirited his brave men regain, as best they can, their position 
in their own lines, and the battle of Gett3^sburg is practically de- 
cided in favor of the Union Army. Many gallant Confederates 
remain on the field, and the long columns of prisoners and their 
-exhibited flags add additional evidence to the successful defence 
of the Union position. Thus the fighting is ended, but the Fourth 
of July found you upon the same ground without shelter from 
the rain, which pitiless beat upon 3'ou throughout the day and 
night. 

Early on the fifth, the day bright and clear, you bid farewell 
to the battle-field at Gettysburg, not again visited by the organi- 
zation till now — nearl}^ twenty-five years after. Marching across 
a portion of the field of the former three days' contest the column 
of the Sixth Corps leads the van in pursuit. All day long you 
follow closely upon the heels of the retreating enemy, and as the 
«un is setting, through one of the passes of the mountains, is 
heard the report of a cannon, and a shell whistles over the ad- 
vancing force, and you know that he is brought to bay. Your 
line files to the right of the road, others to the left, and standing 
in position you await the development of his movement. They 



58 

are soon learned. In the growing darkness his artillery is lim- 
bered up in retreat, and as night steals on, you lie down on your 
arms in cheerful slumbers. Proud and happy of the result of the 
battle, which has driven an enemy from the North, taught 
the jesson that no hostile invader dare with impunity put 
his foot on Pennsylvania soil, freed the Capitol of the Nation, 
as well as the cities of Philadelphia and Baltimore, trom the fear 
of rebel occupation, and by the staggering blow which the enemy 
received opened up in your minds the pleasing prospect of a 
speedy return to your homes by the termination of the war. 

But many military operations had yet to be performed before 
the end is reached. 

Time will not permit more than allusion to your many days 
and nights of service in battles and marches. Volumes have been 
written and will be again, picturing the ever memorable deeds of 
the armies, ending by the virtual closing of the war in the sur- 
render at Appomattox. 

On this Monument are inscribed Yorktown, Fair Oaks, White 
Oak Swamp, Franklin's Crossing, Marye's Heights, Salem 
Heights, Gettysburg, Funkstown, Rappahannock Station, Mine 
Kun, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Totopotomoy, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg (1), Fort Stevens, Winchester, Dabney's. 
Mills, Fort Fisher. Petersburg (2), Sailor's Creek and Appomat- 
tox Court House, — not all the engagements in which you partici- 
pated and rendered valuable service, but onl}^ those in which the 
archives of the War Department certify to your losses in killed 
and wounded. 

Their simple recital speaks volumes to you whose memor}^ re- 
calls the stirring events connected with their names. The en- 
during granite will hand the record down to future generations, 
who will value your services as priceless, when they know and 
feel that this war was not alone for the maintenance of the Union 
of the States, but for sustaining, besides, the liberties of all the 
people of the country, which without the existence of the Union 
could not have been nor cannot be preserved. 

Our military service is ended. Should war occur in the future 
our country requires young and active men for its soldiers. Our- 



59 

part in our day and generation has been performed. Remember- 
ing the martial ardor of our j-outh, regretfully we feel 

" O now forever 
Farewell the plumed troop and the big wars 
That make ambition virtue. 

Farewell the neighing steed and the shrill trump, 
The spirit stirring drum, the ear piercing fife. 
The royal banner ; and all quality, 
Pride, pomp and circumstance of glorious vrar." 

But it is still left to us, from our military experience to instruct 
our sons in the knowledge we have acquired and the principles 
formed in our martial life, that the honorable character and mili- 
tary practices of the soldier may be familiar to the rising gene- 
rations, should they have need of their exercise. 

But though the physical strength and capacity of endurar-ce of 
the soldier is gone from us, the moral vigor of our position, as 
defenders of the flag, gives our sentiments upon every question 
relating to the welfare of our country, a stronger claim for ac- 
ceptance to all, both young and old. 

It will, in this view, not be considered presumptions to remind' 
the people of the State and Nation, that the principle for which 
you fought, was the " Union of the States," and to say that though 
the Union was attacked during the late war upon the pretext of 
the preservation of the institution of Slavery, that hereafter the 
furtherance of some other object, popular with large portions of 
the people, may be made by designing and ambitious men the 
ostensible reason for its attempted overthrow. And let us remind 
them that the Union, founded on popular attachment to its prin- 
ciples, will be constantly imperilled, unless a sentiment of kindly 
and fraternal feeling exists among all classes of our citizens, 
whatever may be their business pursuits, or means of liveli. 
hood. 

In furtherance of these views, therefore, let us endeavor by our 
counsels to hasten the day when every shade of bitterness, be- 
tween the North and the South, shall have passed away, so that, 
if not in the present, at least in the next generation, if possible, 
nothing of the incidents of the war be remembered without regret »- 
except the achievements of the soldiers of both armies. And let. 



60 

lis teach that their achievements are the common heritage and 
glory of all the people of all sections of the country. 

And let us not forget to say, that the men of the North fought 
«for the Union, not for our section alone, but that its benefits and 
blessings should belong to and be the heritage of the whole 
country. South and North, as well for those who fought for it as 
those who fought against it ; and that the surrender at Appo- 
mattox established popular liberty for the whole Country, as well 
for them as for us. 

So that future generations though remembering, with pride the 
gallant achievments of their Southern Ancestors on this and 
other fields, will yet regard as a blessing their defeat as securing 
to all, (by the preservation of the Union), the inestimable boon 
•of Personal and Political libertj^, and the right to manage their 
•own domestic affairs subject only to the necessar}^ restraints of 
the Federal Constitution. 

And we, too, the people of the North, will claim a part of the 
glory of the deeds of our, then enemies (not so now). For with 
our Country full}^ re-united, their achievements will be recognized 
■as the work of the American Nation, and the Sons of the North 
will claim a share of the glory of the Confederate conduct of battle, 
as well as the Southern born, for its, gallantry was the heroism of 
the people of the United States, and as such it belongs to all, the 
-North as well as the South. 

Then shall we in all sincerity feel that 

" We are not enemies but friends. We must not be enemies. 
Though passion may have strained, it has not burst the bonds of 
our aflection. The mystic chords of memory stretching from every 
battle-field and every patriots grave to every heart and hearth- 
stone all over this broad land, have swelled the chorus of the 
Union, touched as they have been by the better angels of our 
nature." 

And now resting on the field to-day, we view, after twenty- 
five years of absence, the scene of one of the most glorious 
achievements of your j^outh. The distant hills and mountains 
present the same appearance as they did a quarter of a century 
since ; but how altered the rest 1 In place of the long lines and 



61 

glittering musketry of the infantry, the booming of cannon ,. 
whistling of bullets and the galloping clang of horsemen, we look 
upon a gladdening scene of husbandry. The fields are covered 
with grain, and the cheerful cry of the farmer to his team has 
supplanted the stern and determined military command. The 
ring of the mowers instrument takes the place of the clang of the 
military sabre. The puff of the locomotive supplants the smoke- 
of the cannon, and its whistle, the booming of the discharge. 

On the spot in the rear of Round Top (where you rested 
among the boulders from your tired march of the night of the 
first of July) is heard among the trees, when Summer Sunshine 
renders cheerful daj^s, the pleasing harmonies of the flute and 
viol, and youths and maidens lightly trip the mazy dance or 
whirl the affectionate waltz. On the ridge fronting your position, 
flourishes the grape and the w4ne pressed upon the spot cheers 
the hearts alike of Union and Confederate Soldier, as they view 
the place of their former exploits. 

Pleased, we survey the scene, for this spectacle, the epitome of 
our country's prosperity, in agriculture, manufuctures, and social 
life, is 3^our work. Without your victories on this and other 
fields, the Union, the source of this happiness of all, would be a 
thing of the past, and desolation have taken the place of the 
cheerfulness we now behold. 

Let then the dancers, as they wind their graceful movementSy.. 
give one thought to the tired men, who a quarter of a century 
agOjSOSoundty slept upon and gallantly defended the place of their 
present festivities, and the traveller, who viewing the battlefield, 
pauses in his survey for a goblet of native wine, remember the 
soldier parched and thirsty from the dust and smoke of battle^ 
who no matter whether he fought on the right or the wrong side, 
whether he wore the blue or the gra}^, still sacrifice<l himself for 
a patriotic sentiment, and in regretful memory of the past " Quaflf 
a cup to the dead already," and thankful for the present one to 

" The health of the next man that dies." 

At its close, the little daughter of Captain Ivers, Miss Violet 
May Ivers of Philadelphia, was lifted up to the flag that encircled 
the monument and with a steady pull of the lanyard by her tin^r 



62 

hands, the work of art was unveiled. After music by the G. A. R. 
Band, President Wetherill presented the monument to the Gettys. 
burg Battlefield Memorial Association. Secretary J. M. Krauth 
of the Battlefield Association receiving the monument in an elo- 
quent address. 

After which Captain George W. Waterhouse, 82d Pennsj^lvania 
"Volunteers Association of Philadelphia, was introduced who de- 
liverd in clear and distinct tones the following dedication ad- 
dress : 

ADDRESS OF CAPTAIN G. W. WATERHOUSE. 
Comrades : 

For a quarter of a century the summer's sun has shone, and 
the winter's snows have fallen upon this historic spot since that 
event in the past which we of the present come to-day to 
emphasize to the future, by the dedication of this historic 
stone. 

To-daj^, surrounded by all the blessings of peace, it is my 
privilege to extend to you, my comrades, a heart felt greeting, 
on the ground where in deadly fray we were gathered so many 
years ago ; and where so many of our comrades gave testimony 
to their loyalty to the laud of their birth and adoption, by 
baptising this soil with their blood. 

What memories ! Memories that time has but made more hal- 
lowed, crowd upon us, as we are here assembled, in thi? work of 
love ! How that toilsome march of thirty-seven miles, under 
the hot sun of the 1st of July, comes vividly back to us, ending 
as it did with our arrival on the battle-field at about 1 o'clock in 
the afternoon. 

How well old uncle John Sedgwick kept his word to the Com- 
mander of the Army of the Potomac, when he promised him to 
have the 6th Corps on the field of Gettysburg at 2 o'clock, you 
all know. How well we remember our first assignment to posi- 
tion in the rear of the 3d Corps, and our movement later on the 
next day to this spot on which we now stand, where we relieved 



63 

the gallant Geary's boys, supporting the 12th Corps ; and in 
that fearful conflict which made Gulp's Hill historic ground. 

I might go on for some time and try to recall other facts ; but 
our time is limited to a space. And now, my comrades, our 
duties for this occasion are done, our mission performed. This 
will be the Mecca to which our thoughts and our footsteps, as 
long as life is with us, will ever tend ; and may future genera- 
tions, looking upon this stone, learn lessons of loyalty which 
will lead them to strive to emulate the patriotism and devotion 
of those who had the honor to be known as the 82d Regiment of 
Penmylvania Volunteers, Shaler's Brigade, Wheaton's Division, 
•Sedgwick's Gorps, Army of the Potomac. 





82 1 Pennsyt.vama Volunteers' Monument. 



Description of the 82d Pennsylvania Monument. 

The 82d Pennsylvania Monument is a handsome granite structure 
13 feet high, and capped by the 6th Corps badge in bas-relief. It 
bears on sides a knapsack and canteen, and on the front the State 
coat-of arms, while on the polished panel of the die the following 
inscription : July 3d marched from Little Eound Top and occupied 
the works in front at 11.30 a. m., relieving other troops. 82d Penn- 
sylvania Infantry, 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps. 



L-ist of Battles inscribed on reverse side of Tablet : — 

Yorktown, Virginia, - - April 5, May 4, 1862. 

Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Virginia, May 31, June 1, 1862. 
White Oak Swamp, Virginia, - - June 29, 1862. 

Malvern Hill, Virginia, - - . . July 1, 1862. 
Sharpsburg, (Antietam), Maryland, September 18, 1862. 



Williamsport, Maryland, 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
Franklin's Ciossing, Virginia, 
Marye's Heights, Virginia, 
Salem Height, Virginia, 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 
Funkstown, Maryland, 
Rappahannock Station, Virginia 
Mine Run, Virginia, 
Wilderness, Virginia, 
Spottsylvania, Virginia, 
North Anna, Virginia, 
Totopotomoy, Virginia, 
Cold Harbor, Virginia, 
Petersburg, Virginia, 



September 20, 1862. 

December 13-15, 1862. 

April 29, May 2, 1863. 

May 3, 1863. 

May 4, 1863. 

July 2, 3, 1863. 

July 13, 1863. 

November 7, 1863. 

November 26, December 2, 1863. 

May 5, 7, 1864. 

- • May 8-20, 1864. 
May' 23-27, 1864. 
May 28-31, 1864. 

- June 1-12, 1864. 
June 16, July 10, 1864. 



Fort Stevens, District of Columbia, 
Winchester or the Opoquan, Va., 
Dabney's Mills, Virginia, 
Petersburg, (Fort Fisher), Virginia, 
Petersburg, Virginia, 
Sailor's Creek, Virginia, 
Appomattox Court House, Virginia, 



July 12, 1864. 

September 19, 1864. 

February 5-8, 1865. 

March 25, 1865. 

April 2, 1865. 

April 6, 1865. 

April 9, 1865. 



67 

The next point of attraction was to the grounds of the 65th 
New York, " The Chasseurs/' and forming a circle around their 
monument the exercises opened," with prayer, by Rev. H. W. 
McKnight. Colonel George W. Ford, acting as the presiding 
•officer, in the place of Colonel Truesdell, who was present, but 
unable to officiate on account of having contracted so severe a 
•CQld on the trip, as to scarcely be heard above a whisper, deliv- 
-ered the following address : 

COLONEL GEORGE W. FORD'S ADDRESS. 

Veterans : 

Colonel Truesdell whom you all know so well. " Sammy of 
•Ours," as we have affectionately dubbed him, and among the 
•early ones to enlist jn the ranks of the " First United States 
'Chasseurs'''' at Palace Garden, in June, 1861 ; be it known, if not 
Tthe historian of Shaler's Brigade, is to day, the living lexicon of 
all the prominent events, (especiall}^ the 65th Regiment) con- 
.nected with that brigade, from its first inception down to the 
present time. Comrades, it is unfortunate for you, that this 
;«ame '* Sammy of Ours," who was to have announced the pro- 
ga-amme of the closing ceremonies of this interesting days' work 
around this last Monument, the 65th, should have been taken 
with a severe cold, reducing his voice to so low a whisper, that 
the word Commissary^ (a word so easily and tenderly spoken by 
a grateful soldier) absolutely sticks in his throat, and would 
barely prove audible to this large crowd of earnest listeners. 
Now friends, if his hoarseness proves such a disappointment to 
you, I beg that you will sympathize with me, when I tell you, 
1;hat but five minutes ago, he put this programme into my hands, 
begging me to carry it out, with a few remarks of my own. If 
a Quartermaster, (and who ever heard of such a thing,) had 
"been called upon to face a brace of Parrots and be blown into 
ten thousand atoms, I don't believe he could have been more 
shocked or alarmed, than that same Quartermaster, obliged un- 
'der present circumstances to face this critical and good-natured 
;atidience of men and women. Why, of course, I protested with 
all my might, (not because I could not give utterance to the 
word Commissary). But what did this same " Sammy of Ours" 



68 

do, but to say, if I did not comply, he would report me forth- 
with to General Shaler for " disobedience of orders and conduct 
unbecoming a soldier and a gentleman." Well having tested the 
martinet qualities of General Shaler 's discipline in the field, I 
replied. " Don't ; I'll do it." And so here I stand trembling 
with embarrassment under this beautiful bright sunshine, meet- 
ing face to face, the sacred veterans of that cruel war, and the 
bright faces and sparkling eyes of our lad}^ friends, whose pres- 
ence here is nothing less than an inspiration on this joyful occa- 
sion. 

Now, as I look up and my eye rests upon that stalwart Ser- 
geant McEntee, who has survived many a hard fought battle, I 
cannot but exclaim, God bless him ! for he is here to-day 
among the survivors, bearing the same magnetic cross on the 
glorious old flag of the 6th Army Corps, and which he carried 
through every campaign of the war. And this sacred cross 
leads me to speak first, of one whom we all loved so well, Gene- 
ral John Sedgwick. '' Uncle John," as the boj's in blue tenderly 
called him. It was but a few days since, when a chance visit 
sent me to Cornwall, Connecticut, my own State, and a friend 
from there drove me over to Cornwall Hollow, the old home and 
birthplace of our noble Commander; and alas, now, his final 
resting place. There, inclosed in an iron picket fence, sur- 
rounded by beautiful hills, one of the loveliest spots upoa 
earth, perhaps, lies all that was mortal of John Sedgwick ; and I 
read with aching heart and swimming eyes, on that plain granite 
shaft, simply the day of his birth, and death ; everything so 
quiet and unpretentious, and how fitting, those plain surround- 
ings to the great Captain's memor}^ ; as you all well know he 
hated display of any kind ; and there he rests in all his glory. 

" He has slept his last sleep, 
He has fought his last battle ; 
No sound can awake him, 
To glory again." 

I greatly regret the absence of our good friend. General 
McMahon, so long the firm friend and Chief of Staflf of General 
Sedgwick, and in whose arms our dear " Uncle John" yielded 
up his last breath. If he had been here present with us to-day,. 



69 

^how eloquent!}^ Ije would have spoken in behalf of his chief's 
military and social career. 

Comrades, it does not devolve upon me to revert to prominent 
events connected with the great rebellion. All that has passed 
into history, and is now " a twice told tale/' And as we have 
just listened to General Shaler's eloquent and graphic sketch of 
the battle of Gettysburg ; and more particularly the doings of 
the 6th Army Corps, there would seem but little for me to say. 
But right here I would like to remark, but for General Shaler's 
prowess, his discipline and bravery, these monuments of this 
brigade might not have been here. I was with him in the field 
nearly four years, sleeping under the same blanket, ^ so to speak, 
partaking of the same mess, following him under all the differ- 
ent phases of the war ; and I can sincerely say, that I never 
knew a braver soldier, or a more upright, honorable gentlemen ; 
and one who was more devoted to love of countrj^ His industry 
and hard work in the field were proverbial. True, he was a Marti- 
net, and is there a comrade present here to-day, who fought under 
his banner, and who does not thank him for that same quality, 
rarely found in the field ? Count up on your finger ends, if you 
please, the number of Brigadiers that graduated from the 65th, 
or your own brigade ; and then 3- ou will find the work of a Mar- 
tinet. In those long evening conversational drills, often on the 
march he was ever ready to give instruction, and teach the rank 
and file how to become a good soldier. I am grateful to-day, 
"beyond expression, to see the survivors of Shaler's Brigade rally 
around him with so much love and enthusiasm. We all remem- 
ber his storm}^ march up Mar^^e's Heights, when the brave Gene- 
ral Newton turned and said, '* bo3^s, 1 fear you will never see 
Shaler again." Showing how perilous the undertaking was. 
But perilous as the feat proved to be, the God of battles was 
on his side, and he returned unharmed after bravely fulfilling 
his commission. And it was for this daring charge, that the 
lamented Lincoln with his own hand, placed upon his shoulder the 
star of merit won on the battle field. And here to-day, after his 
long and useful services to his country, his star is still in the 
ascendant, and a grateful homage of the survivors of his old 
'Command is the crowning work of the day ; a fitting and closing 



10 

token of love and admiration to the gallant soldier in the field, 
as well as to the true and honorable gentleman in private life. 

Another great dis^fppointment has fallen upon my heart to- 
da}^ ; and that is in the absence of General John Cochrane, the 
founder, head and front of the old " Chasseurs," the tfue soldier, 
the genial gentleman. It was his eloquent tongue that was first 
heard at " Camp Cochrane," on Queen's Farm in the early autumn 
of 1861, in favor of arming the colored men and giving them a 
prominent place in our ranks. The few living ones here to day, 
who heard that eloquent appeal have never forgotten it ; I never 
shall. The New York Herald in its columns the next morning 
scouted the idea of arming the colored race. But §imon Cam- 
eron, that grand old Roman, then Secretary of War, was on the 
platform with General -Cochrane, and endorsed in telling lan- 
guage every word said on that momentous question. And 
again, my heart cries out in anguish over the memory of the 
noble soldierly Joe. Hamblin, the hero of a hundred battles ; so 
full of generous impulses, brave even to rashness. How well we 
all remember at the battle of " Sailors Creek," where the same 
minie bullet that passed through his leg, killed the splendid 
horse (a gift from his regiment) from under him ; and Joe., our 
Joe.^ fell fainting to the ground. At that moment some noble 
fellow of the rank and file rushed forward and pulled him from 
imder his dying horse ; and while he was not entirely uncon- 
scious, he snatched from his Ureast a beautiful Chasseur badge 
and pinned it upon the breast of this noble fellow. But our 
brave General Hamblin recovered and lived long enough to die 
peacefully in his bed in the City of New York, July 4, 1870, at 
once the pride of his regiment, the glory of Shaler's Brigade, 
and the cynosure of all eyes of the 6th Arm}^ Corps. Peace to- 
his ashes. And right here, too, I miss some old familiar friends,, 
still in the flesh but absent in the body, that should be standing 
here — our fearless, dashing young comrade, as prompt to the- 
call in civil life, as he was to his post of duty in the field — Colo- 
nel William H. Roome,the able and brave chief of Shaler's Staff;; 
and our witty and genial friend. Colonel George Bernard, though 
desperate in battle, " a fellow of infinite jest, of flashes of merri- 
ment, that, were wont to set the table in a roar." And Captain- 
Ed. Bernard, who received almost a mortal wound on Mai vera 



71 

Hill, but survived, though disabled for life. And Major " Hank" 
Healey, so badly wounded the night before the attack on Marye's 
Heights as to disable him from further service in the regiment. 
And our our brave, young dashing friend, Major Tailof, who did 
such splendid work all through the war. I need not say how 
we miss. these absentees on the last opportunity of ever meeting 
together again tinder such happy auspices. And now a few 
words of affectionate remembrance regarding some of our de- 
parted friends and comrades, and I will close this long and 
somewhat rambling talk. 

We all remember our brigade Surgeon of the 65th, Doctor 
Petherbridge, than whom a more modest and tender hearted 
gentleman never lived. Graduating from a high Medical Col- 
lege, he started out in his profession, fully equipped for his 
honorable calling, and no doubt on the high road to fame in 
civil life, until the quick eye of General Shaler called him to his 
Staff, where he served faithfull}^ till his promotion to a hio-her 
sphere of dut3\ He worked diligently till the end of the war 
among the wounded and dying, and in this most important de- 
partment of active service, where his skill was so often displayed- 
he won all hearts ; a good and true soldier, as well as a skilled 
physician and accomplished surgeon. He survived the war, and 
finally pa«!sed away in a military hospital, of which he was the 
chief, of some malignant type of disease ; universally respected, 
and deeply beloved by all his personal friends and old comrades. 

We, of the 65th well remember the tall, grand looking man, 
who came to us at Palace Garden, in June, 1861, somewhat 
under the guise of a stern exterior, and naturally diffident and 
retiring in his manners. This same man was our good and faith- 
ful Chaplain, Peter H. Burghardt, a descendant of the Hugue- 
nots. And although some of our young fellows did not at first 
take kindly to him; later on, as the war progressed, and at its 
final close, -the sterling merits of our comrade came out in bold 
relief. A devoted Chaplain, a brave soldier, loyal and true to 
the old flag, he passed quietly awa}' at his home in Washington, 
tenderly mourned by a loving wife and children, and respected 
by his old comrades in-arms. Peace to the ashes of a true Chris- 
tian gentleman. 



12 

Among the officers of the 65th, there was no man who occu- 
pied a more conspicuous fio;are than Lieutenant-Colonol Thomas 
H. Higgenbothnin. He came into our regiment as a Captain, at 
a time when we were sorely pressed for recruits, with the full 
maxim of one hundred and one men from Ohio, and each man a 
giant in stature. As some of you will remember, he was one of 
the most enthusiastic soldiers of our regiment, and his chief ex- 
pression of the day, was, " Be dad Fourd I understands me 
juty." With a quick brain to grasp a new subject, he soon 
mastered military tactics, and with his Scotch-Irish blood, made 
a bold, splendid fighter. And when he fell at " Cedar Creek," 
with a bullet piercing his brain, m^^ heart was deepl}^ touched 
with sorrow. Alas, poor" Tom," so brave and ambitious, to be 
cut down in the very flower of j^oung manhood. Peace be with 
you as a true soldier, and a devoted lover of the dear old flag 
undev which you fought so gallantl}'. 

While dwelling upon these personal reminiscences of the past, 
so identified with us all, my memory calls to mind another de- 
parted comrade of the 65th, Lieutenant Warren R. Hedden ; one 
whom I was proud to call my friend, and one, with whom I 
was daily and closely associated all through the war. I never 
knew a better trained soldier. You will recall to mind his neat 
and tidy appearance in the rnuks, as well as his tall erect, figure 
and marshal tread ; but more than all these things, he was the 
very soul of honor as well as true in his personal friendships ; 
never shrinking, from the call of duty. He, too, served faith- 
fully through the rebellion, and died but recentl}^ of a painful 
accident, greatly respected, and lamented bj^ those who knew 
him best. 

From Lieutenant Hedden my memory naturall\^ reverts to 
Captain Nathanial Elmaker, jr., who was assigned for duty to 
Shaler's Brigade, and whom we all knew so well, and one whom 
I especially hoped to meet here on this sacred ground. But alas, 
the relentless hand of death has been bus}^ with very good 
friends, and he too, is no longer among the living. And although 
we had many a wordy Jight around the camp-fire at night, over 
the vexed question of forage, it was amicably settled over our 
coff*ee and hard tack ; and at taps, as we crept under our blankets, 



73 

with naught above us but heaven's blue canopy and the stars, 
it was always, with a cheery and cordial " good night" from one 
to the other. 

Captain Elmaker was possessed of much character, wise and 
just, but alwaj^s just before generous; of splendid ph^^ sic and 
health, as well as an indefatigable worker, a true soldier, with an 
inordinate love of countr}^, the natural instinct of all Pennsyl- 
vanians. I haA^e ridden with him often fifty and sixty miles a 
day in the saddle ; and when the time came to dismount at night, 
I was too tired to stand up, while " Nat," the irrepressible, was 
fresh as the '' morning star." He was a practical joker, too, and 
too often at my own expense. I remember one cold night in 
December, just before the first fight at Fredericksburg, he rode 
on in advance of me several miles, and happened to stumble into 
a cosey farm house, forgetting in the meantime to come back 
after his friend. The temptation was too great. Visions of a 
warm supper and a soft bed beseiged his imagination ; and he 
sent back a note by his orderly concerning forage for the night ; 
and his closing words were in large letters, " Yours affectionately 
in a Feather Bed .^" while I was out in the storm bewailing my 
uncomfortable lot. 

Jolly good Elmaker, my heart is too full of you to say more. 
And so I might go on to the end of the calender, but for weary- 
ing 3^our time and patience. 

Comrades, to-day you are re-visiting the scene where a quarter 
•of a century ago you stood in all the strength and freshness of 
young manhood. In looking back, over the years gone by you 
have much to be thankful for. The whole world blesses you for 
' the great work you have accomplished. Slavery is dead. The 
past buried, and in a few days, here upon this sacred spot, Culp's 
Hill, where we now stand, the Blue and Gray will clasp hands in 
peace and harmony over the " bloody chasm," where, twenty-five 
years ago, they touched bayonets and fought each other to the 
'bitter end. 

And now, comrades, farewell. And in the language of one of 
America's sweetest poets : 



74 

So live, that when thy summons comes to join 
The innumerable caravan, that moves 
To that mysterious realm, where each shall take 
His chamber in the silent halls of death. 
Thou go not, like the quarry-slave, at night, 
Scourged to his dungeon, hut sustained and soothed 
By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave, 
Like one that draws the drapery of his couch 
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams. 

At its conclusion the band struck up the Star Spangled Ban- 
ner, the monument was then unveiled amid the plaudits of the- 
assembly, by Comrades McEntee, Freeman, P. H. Brower and 
McAlpin, of the 65th. The same was received by Secretary 
Krauth with appropriate remarks. Then, Colonel John Oakey,. 
of Brooklyn, was introduced, and in most eloquent and inspiring, 
terms .delivered the following oration : 



ORATION OF COLONEL JOHN OAKEY. 

When I was honored by being selected to deliver the oration 
at the Dedication of the 65th New York Volunteers' monument, 
I had at first thought of preparing an elaborate paper. But, 
upon looking over the brigade program, and finding " The Chas- 
seur" ceremonies were the last on the list, I concluded it would 
be best not, to go into any preparation in order to avoid a repe- 
tition of what the other orators might say. I am now satisfied 
with what I have listened to to-day in the several valuable, his- 
torical and eloquent addresses, that my conclusions were wise^ 
the ground being so fully and ably covered, I am now at a loss, 
to know what to say to you. 

Standing here amid these stately trees, with the survivors of 
the 65th New York and friends. On this hallowed ground, 
sacred for all time to the nation by your courage and faithful- 
ness, twenty -five years ago, inspires me to express how thankful 
I am to be able to be present as your orator on this occasion. 
With many of your old command I had the honor of a personal 
acquaintance, lasting since before the war ; and your history I 
followed through all its j^ears of trial, from the time of its de-~ 



•75 

parture from 'New York until its return with the garlands of 
peace. And it is with mingled feelings of pleasure and pride 
that I look upon its escutcheon as one of the brightest in the 
galaxy of regiments that served in that grand old Army of the 
Potomac. 

The monument you unveil to-day is a work of art well worthy 
of the command, and a credit to the State of New York, who 
erected it. This field will be visited by the patriotic pilgrims 
for ages to come. And may God grant that you may all be 
spared many many years to join in the visitation to this Ameri- 
can Mecca. 

Music was then rendered by the band. After singing of the 
Doxology by all assembled, the Rev. H. W. McKnight pro- 
nounced the Benediction, thus completing the more than success- 
ful dedication exercises of the regiments of the brigade. 





65th New York Volunteers' Monument (Chasseurs). 



Desckiption of the Monument or the Goth New York 
Volunteers. ("The Chasseurs") 

The Monument of the 65th N. Y. is 13 feet 9 inches high. It 
is of Westerly granite, and bears the following inscription in 
raised polished letters : " 65th N. Y. Inft'y, (1st U. S. Chas- 
seurs) 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps, Organized June 11, 
1861. Re-enlisted November, 1863. Mustered out July 17 
1865. Arrived on the field at 2 p. m., July 2. At daylight of 
3d moved from base of Little Round Top to Gulp's Hill. Held 
this position till 3 P. m. ; then moved to left centre ; partici- 
pated with 4th and 6th Corps in every battle of the Army of 
the Potomac. The Sixth Corps mark and New York State 
Coat of Arms being in bronze. 



TO 

After the dedication ceremonies, the supply wagons of the 
"23d Pennsylvania, loaded with good cheer, appeared on the 
orround where the brigade was massed twenty-five years before ; 
;and for the next half hour the " Commissary" was kept busy 
•dispensing their hospitality, all of which was very opportune 
Indeed. 



The 67th New York Volunteers, " 1st Long Island." 
Dedicated their Monument on July 2d, with the following 

ORDER OF EXERCISES: 

Prayer — Rev. J. M. Stone, late of C. Compan}^, 6tth New York 
Yolunteers. 

Music. 

Opening Address — Brevet-Major General Nelson Cross, late 
Colonel 61th New York Yolunteers. 

Music. 

Reading of Letters — By James N. Mills, Corresponding Secre- 
tary 67th New York Volunteer Association. 

Unveiling of Monument — By Mrs. James Mackin, Wellesville, 
New York. 

Music. 

Presentation of Monument — By Captain William H. Partridge, 
late 67th New York Volunteers, of Washington, D. C. 

Singing in Chorus — National Hymn. 

My country 'tis of thee, 
Sweet land of liberty, 

Of thee I sing. 
Land where my father's died ; 
Land of the pilgrims pride : 
From every mountain side 
Let freedom ring. 



80 

My native country, thee, 
Land of the noble free, 

Thy name 1 love. 
I love thy rock and rills, 
Thy woods and templed hills. 
My heart with rapture thrills 

Like that above. 

Reception of Monument — By John M. Krauth, Esq., Secretary 
of the Gettysburg Battlefield Association. 

Music. 

Oration — By the Rev. Thomas K. Beecher, Elmira, New York. 

Music. 

Remarks — By Major T. McKenna Mills, President 6Tth New- 
York Volunteers Association. 

Prayer and Benediction — Rev. J. M. Stone. 

Decoration of Monument — National and Grand Army Flags. 

Doxology. 





61th New York Yolunteers, (1st Long Island) 
Monument. 



Description of Monument of the 67tli New York 

VOLUNTEEBS, (1st LONG IsLAND), DEDICATED 

July 2d, 1888. 

The monument of the 67th is 14 feet 4 inches in height, 
and made of Quincy granite. It has a bronze 6th corps badge 
on the front and rear, and a bronze plate of a soldier at 
reverse arms, with the inscription below : "It is Over." 
The monument bears the following inscription : *' 67th N. 
Y. Inf y, 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps, 1st Long 
Island Volunteers. Accepted and mustered in as United 
States Volunteers, June 20, 1861. Mustered out July 4, 
1864. Re-enlisted veterans, in majority, served through 
the war. Engaged in 25 battles. Army of the Potomac. 
Gettysburg, July 2d and 3d, 1863. On the front is the 
xsew York State Coat of Arms, in bronze. 



anfl lllftiijfl l)ays' ^cticn. 



^TTT 2 P. M. Wednesday, June 13th, carriages were taken at 
^ ^ Headquarters for a visit to the battlefield. Colonel John 
Long, of the Passenger Department Gett3^sburg Railroad, going 
:along as guide and lecturer ; the first stop was made at East Ceme- 
tery Hill, where a vivid description was given by Colonel Long, 
of the march northward of Lee's and Meade's armies. A review 
of the first day's fight, the scenes enacted at Cemetery Hill, on 
the night of the second, when Hayes' and Hokes' Confederate 
Brigades charged among the guns of Weiderick and Ricketts', 
and were driven back almost annihilated. The terrible Infantrj^ 
fighting at Culp's Hill, on the morning of the 3d, when the enemy 
were driven out from the works they occupied, which had 
been abandoned the night before by Geary's Troops, who had 
been sent to the support of Sickel's. From this commanding 
position was had a view of the entire field from Big Round Top 
on the left, to Wolf's Hill at the right, and away off to Rommel's 
Farm, where was pointed out the Cavalry Shaft, the scene of the 
fight between Jeb Stuart and General Gregg, in which the rebel 
cavalry were sent South. Carriages were then taken, and the 
drive continued passed Rickett's guns where brave Pennsjlva*- 
nian's fought hand to hand in saving them during the rush of the 
Louisiana Tigers. Here was pointed out where Carroll's Bri- 



84 

gade came on the double quick, and getting on the flank of the- 
Tigers, swept the field. As we ascend to Gulp's Hill, Steven's, 
guns are seen, which done so much execution during the charg- 
ing at East Cemetery Hill. Passing along the line of Wads- 
worth's Division, we soon reached the position where the gallant 
New Yorker's, of Greene's Brigade, 12th Corps, repulsed the 
repeated attacks of Johnson's Confederates. This was where our 
brigade (Shaler's) went in, (our second position) relieving regi- 
ments, assisting in driving the Johnnie's on the morning of the 
3d, be3'ond the lines. The drive was continued to McAllister's 
Mills, beyond which was the extreme right held by the brigade 
of General Thomas H. Neill, of the 6th Corps. Returning, we 
crossed the swale to the right of which Johnson's and Rhodes' 
Confederate Divisions, in three lines, charged six times and was 
repulsed each time. Six hundred dead Confederates were found 
in front of Gulp's Hill, showing the desperate work done along 
the front of Geary's lines. At Spangler's Springs we stopped 
to taste of the waters, from which the wounded of both armies 
quenched their thirst on the night of the 2d, and early morning 
of the 3d. Driving along the Baltimore Pike, we enter the Na- 
tional Cemetery ; one of the finest laid out and well kept burial 
places of the Union dead, where lies some 3,000 of the comrades. 
Here we found Sergeant Holtz worth, formerly the genial guide 
of the battlefield, who, b}^ reason of a paral3^tic stroke has aban- 
doned that calling, and is now the Superintendent. At this 
point we found the 6th Corps mark among the artillery that 
manned these heights. Continuing the drive, passing Zeigler's 
Grove, and along the Emmettsburg Road to the right of Sickel's 
line ; here was described the desperate fighting of the old 3d 
Corps, on the afternoon of the 2d, where Birney, Ward, Graham,, 
Carr, and De Trobiand struggled against the overwhelming at- 
tacks of Longstreet. Beyond, on the left and half a mile to the 
front, was pointed out where Berdan with his Sharpshooters at- 



85 

tacked the advancing columns of Hood ; checking him for forty 
minutes, which gave the Round Tops in possession of the Union 
forces. The drive was then continued passed the Peach Or- 
'Chard, the angle of Sickel's line, which was held so tenaciously 
by our troops ; " The Loop," through the woods to the famous 
Wheatfleld, where General Zook — and Colonel Ellis, of the Or- 
ange Blossoms w^ere killed. Thence to the " Devil's Den," here 
the party alighted and w^ere photographed. While resting in 
the shade, under the camera, one could not help but recall the 
desperate work that waged around and amid these great boulders 
twenty-five years before ; " and such boulders they are," piled 
upon each other,, full of crevices, just the place a Sharp-shooter 
would be at home ; and it was worked for all it was worth by the 
Johnnie's during their sta}^, in picking off all that came under 
their fire on little Round Top. Passing through the Yalley of 
Death across Plum Run, full of boulders of all sizes, between lit- 
tle and big Round Top, we ascend to the summit of the key to 
the position " Little Round Top." It was here that Warren, 
then Engineer Officer, on Meade's Staff,|discovered the flank move- 
ment of Hood, that Hazlett, Colonel O'Rourke, Generals Weed, 
and Vincent Strong, were killed in holding the position. The 
lecturer describing the repulse of Lougstreet, on the evening of 
the second da}^, pointing out across the Run, where the Pennsyl- 
"vania Reserves charged ; Colonel Taylor, of the Bucktail's, lost 
his life, and away ofi" to the Werntz Farm, where (Buck) 
McCandless' Brigade halted in their charge, the night of the 2d. 
From here a grand view is had of the field ; some climbed up the 
^ascent of Big Round Top, to the left of which where Farnsworth, 
of Killpatrick's Cavalry was killed, leading his charging squad- 
rons. Here was another 6th Corps Brigade (Russell's) holding 
the extreme left. 

The party were then driven down the slopes of the Tops, along 
the battle-field drive, passing the Headquarters of old General 



86 

Sedgwick, the Commander of the Sixth Corps, in the clump of 
trees on the front line, to the right of Little Round Top, where- 
his advance brigade — Nevin's — went in, just in time to assist in 
driving Longstreet back. To the rear of this was where our brig- 
ade (Shaler's) lay (its first position) on arrival on the field, on the- 
afternoon[of the 2d. On reaching the left centre, a vivid descrip- 
tion was given of the artiller}^ duel on the afternoon of the third 
day, where one hundred and twenty guns of the Confederates and 
eighty of the Union exchanged shots for nearly two hours — a 
prelude to the grand charge and Tnagnificent repulse of Pickett's- 
fourteen thousand. Here Hancock, Gibbon, Doubleda}^, Webb, 
Stannard, Hall, Brooks, Hayes, Harrow, Dana, Rowley, Brown,. 
Cushing and Cowan performed distinguished services. At this 
point is the Umbrella clump of trees ; along this front is known 
as the "high-water mark of the rebellion." Along the low stone- 
wall lay the gallant 69th Pennsylvania, of the Philadelphia Bri- 
gade, who never left it during the charge, while to their right was 
the 14th Connecticut, 4th Delaware and 12th New Jersey, who 
did such terrible execution. To the left of the clump of trees 
was pointed out where Stannard's Vermont Brigade advanced 
beyond the lines, and, wedged between the right and centre of 
Pickett's charging columns, and forming line of battle front and 
rear, took both lines on the flank. Here we again found the Sixth 
Corps mark — that of Cowan's Battery; the brave Confederates 
coming so close to his guns that he used double-shotted cannister 
at ten paces. In the fields, to the immediate left and rear, lay our 
brigade — Shaler's — (our third position) in support as the charge 
was broken. From here over on the Taney town Road, in rear,, 
was pointed out the old shell-stormed house, where General 
Meade had hrs headquarters during the action. As we near the- 
town was shown where the 8th Ohio and troops from Zeigler's- 
Grove got on the left flank of Pickett's charge, sending back Petti- 
grew's Division , badly demoralized. Thence passed the battlefield 



8t 

hotel, the extreme out-post of the Union line at the cemetery, 
during the second and third days ; passed the house where Jennie 
Wade was killed while baking bread, on the evening of the first 
day's action, reaching the hotels in time for sup^jer — dusty, tired, 
but well pleased with the trip around the field. 

The drive was an interesting one, giving the opportunit}^ of 
viewing the many magnificent, unique and costl}" monuments 
erected along the lines, as well as one of instruction of the story 
of the action. 







"Right and Reak of Little Round Tor." 

This was the first position of 8halei-'s Brigade occupied from the iime of 
arrival on the field, about 2 p. m. of July 2d, in support of the advanced 
line of the 6th Corps, until the morning of July 3d, when ordered to Gulp's 
Hill to assist (Geary) of the 12th Corps in driving Johnson's Confederates 
out of the works. The view represents to the rear and left of where Gene- 
ral Sedgwick's headquarters was established. 



COMPLIMENTARY BALL AND RECEPTION BY THE 
TWENTY-THIRD PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS 
ASSOCIATION, IN HONOR OF THE RE-UNION. 



After supper, on the evening of Wednesday, the 13th, the 
G. A. R. Band, of Gettysburg, under the charge of Comrade 
James Spence, of Philadelphia, were taken on a serenading tour 
— visiting the newspaper offices of The Trvth, The Compiler, The 
Star and Sentinel, who had done so much in their columns to honor 
the event, in their man}^ kind expressions concerning the brigade 
re-union — and thence to the Globe Inn, where the i22d New 
York were quartered ; from there to the McClellan House, the 
headquarters of the f,5th New York ; and then to the City Hotel, 
where the 82d Pennsylvania made their home — back to the Eagle 
Hotel, headquarters of the brigade. At each place choice selec- 
tions of music were tendered, as compliments of the Brigade 
Association. 

In the meantime, the McKnightstown Band, in charge of the 23d 
Committee, were tendering the General a serenade, and comrades 
were calling upon him and visiting each other's headquarters — 
recounting the stories of old times and the many pleasantries of 
the re-union occasion — and at 9 P. M. all wended their way from 
headquarters to the Rink Building, a large, commodious struc-. 
ture, where M^as being held the grand Complimentary Ball and 
Reception, tendered by the 23d Pennsylvania, in honor of the 
event. The ball-room was appropriatel}^ decorated for the oc- 
casion, with two stages erected at opposite sides of the room, 
for the Bands ; while, from the front of the building was a trans- 



90 

parenc}^, emblazoned with the legend, " The 23d Pennsylvania 
Welcomes Shaler's Brigade and their Friends." One hundred 
and fifty written invitations had been sent to the good people of 
Gettysburg, inviting " Yourself and ladies" to the Camp-fire, 
the Dedication and the Complimentar}^ Ball and Reception, and 
when Colonel John F. Glenn, as Grand Conductor of the BalU 
led off in the Grand March, with his good wife, there followed 
at least twelve hundred people — some four hundred ladies being in 
the line; the G. A. R. Band, of Gettysburg, playing the dancing 
music, while the McKnightstown Cornet Band gave the prom- 
enades, so that music was in the air at all times. An original, 
unique and very appropriate ball program was distributed , con- 
taining thirty-six dances, wherein are the names of th^ regiments 
of the brigade, its winter camps, and actions in which it had 
participated were embraced, as a souvenir of the occasion ; the 
ladies receiving a specially decorated one in silken corded pencil 
and bow of ribbon. Everybody got one to carry home, while 
two thousand handsome programs proper, containing the dances 
and promenades, were passed around for use in the festivities. 

There was but one round of refreshments — but it was a con- 
tinuous one, of ice-cream in all flavors, pound, sponge and other 
cakes, lemonade, etc., and it kept the volunteers to their Com- 
missary Committee bus}^ ; but they enjoyed it, all the same, to 
be permitted to cater to such guests. 

The dancing was kept up until midnight, the old and 3'oung 
joining in the festivities with mirth and zeal, it being expressed 
by the people of Gettysburg as one of the grandest and most 
enjo3^able balls in the history of the town. Everybody seemed to- 
enjoy the occasion, from the General and his good wife, to the- 
Secretary and his "ZiY^/e" daughter. 

The following is a copy of the ball program souvenir :: 



91 



COMPLIMENTARY 

BALL AND RECEPTION 

OF THE 

SURVIVORS' ASSOCAITION 
23d REGIMENT PENNSYLYANIA YOLUNTEERS^ 

TO THE 

SURVIVORS OF SHALER'S BRIGADE, 

(SIXTH CORPS.) 

AT THE 

KINK BUILDING, QETrYSBURG, JUNE 13, 1888. 



1. Grand March^ 6th Corps — from Manchester to Gettysburg 

2. Quadrille ... .... Queens Farm 

3. Polka Yorktown 

4 Lancers ....... Williamsburg 

5. Glide and Schottische ..... Fair Oaks 

6. New York City's Delight " The Chasseurs," 65th N. Y. Yols. 
T. Octagon Charles City X Roads 

8. Polacca White Oak Swamp 

9. Waltz— Danish Turkey Bend 

10. Yarsouvienna Malvern Hill 

11. Lawn Tennis • Chantilly 

12. Our Absent Friends, The 1st Long Island— 67th N. Y. Yols. 

13. Saratoga Lancers Fredericksburg 

14. Yarieties Mud March 

15. Redowa Marye s Heights 

16. Quadrille — Robinson Salem Church 

IT. " " The Nation's Mecca," . . . Gettysburg 

18. Syracuse's Delight . . Our 122d New York Yols. 

19. Cotillion Funkstown 

20. Yirginia Reel . . . . . Rappahannock Station 

21. Stephinie Gavotta Mine Run- 



92 

22. Irish Jig ..*.... Brandy Station 

23. College Lancers Johnson's Island 

24. Shaler's Brigade Delight . . . Another Re-Union 

25. Mazourka Wilderness 

26. Caledonian Spottsylvania 

27. Polo Hanover Court House 

28. Plain Coal Harbor 

29. Loomis Lanciers Petersburg 

30. Philadelphia's Delight . . Old 82d Pennsylvania Vols. 

31. Schottische Port Stevens 

32. Galop Opequon 

33. Highland Fling Cedar Creek 

34. Medley Sailor's Creek 

35. All Hands Around Appomattox 

36. The 23d Penn'a Vols. Delight, Hope all enjoyed themselves 



PROGRAM PROPER OF THE DANCES AND PROME- 
NADES AT THE BALL. 



Grand March Guard the Flag 



1. Quadrille, Riverdale. 

Promenade, Minstrels. 

2. Quadrille, Lanciers. 

Promenade, . . • • • • • Erminie. 

3. Quadrille, * . Schottische. 

Promenade, Merry War. 

4. Waltz, . . . . . . . . Congress. 

Promenade, Popular Airs. 

Inteiimission. 

5. Quadrille, Leap Year. 

Promenade, Gladiator March. 

6. Waltz, Queen Anne 

Promenade, Mikado. 



93 



Y. Quadrille, . 

Promenade, 
8. Waltz, 

Promenade, 



9. Quadrille, 
Promenade, 

10. Waltz, . 

Promenade, 

11. Quadrille, 
Promenade, 

12. Galop, . 
Promenade, 



Inteiimission. 



. Polka. 
. Black Hussar. 

. Victor. 
. Fairest of the Fair. 

Plain. 
. Falka. 

. Ida May. 
. Nanon. 
. Lanciers. 
Trip to Africa. 

. Amazon. 
. Good Nio:lit. 



Dancing Music . 
Promenade Music 



Gettysburg Band. 
McKnightstown BanDo 





"Gulp's Hill." 
This was the second position of Shaler's Brigade. On its arrival here 
General Geary of tlie 12th Corps placed it in the ravine immediately in rear 
of this position. During the morning the regiments of the brigade were 
engaged in the breastworks, which 'v\ill be observed running along just be- 
low the brow of the hill towards a large boulder in the works. It remained 
here as relieving regiments, until ordered to left centre, in support of 1st 
Corps during repulse of Pickett's charge. 



Days' ?5,cticn. 



^T 9 A. M., of Thursday, ^lune 14th, carriages were taken 
-^ ^ again at brigade headquarters; for a visit to the scene of the 
first da3''s action, many tramping it all along the lines. At Bar- 
low's Knob a description was given by Colonel Long, the guide 
and lecturer from that portion of the field, showing the gap that 
existed between the left of the Eleventh Corps and that of the 
right of the First Corps, caused by the arrival of the Confed- 
erates, under Early, along the York Road, which threatened the 
extreme right and rear of the Eleventh Cori:>s, necessitating the 
withdrawal of the entire line from that part of the field — the troops 
falling back through the streets of the town, securing positions 
on Cemetery Heights ; the lecturer describing the terrible scenes 
enacted in the retreat to take up the rear position. Passing 
along the Mummasburg Road and along the lines to the Railroad 
Cut, where a Confederate brigade were corralled during the 
action and taken i^risoners ; along these lines the Johnnie's had 
an enfilading fire, but the old First held up their end until the 
right gave way. 

From there the^ party were driven to Oak Ridge, where raged 
the action of the First Corps. Here Reynolds, Meredith, Double- 



96 

day, Paul, Waclsworth, Custer, Hoffman, Fairchilds and others 
did such distinguished service. Thence, to Reynolds' Grove, 
where sta,nds the monument erected by the state of Pennsyl- 
vania, on the spot where her distinguished son. General John F. 
Reynolds, was killed. In this grove the Iron Brigade of Meredith, 
in the course of the engagement, captured the Confederate brigade 
of Archer. Here Custer's Brigade and Hall's Battery were forced 
back to Seminary Ridge by the overwhelming numbers of Hill's 
Corps, where a new line was formed, Rowley's and Robinson's 
Divisions and the Bucktail Brigade, of Pennsylvania, disting- 
uishing themselves in holding it against repeated attacks. The 
drive was continued across Willoughby Run, where General 
Buford, with his cavahy, brought on the action of Gettysburg, 
fighting dismounted for two hours against superior numbers ; 
winning for himself and command meritorious praise from the 
Commanding General, for his gallant resistance to the advance 
of Hill's Corps of Lee's Army. This cavalry action and the 
stubborn resistance of the glorious old First Corps, under Rey- 
nolds, and that of the unfortunate Eleventh Corps, under Howard, 
gave the opportunit}^ for the Army of the Potomac to concentrate 
on the lines the second and third da}^, that gave to the nation 
"Gettysburg." 

After a visit to the Springs, to enjoy the Katasalyn waters, 
the story being told of their discovery as medicinal properties 
by wounded men crawling to the springs to bathe their wounds 
in the waters, we started back to town over the Chambersburg 
Road, passing the Seminar}^ where General Lee made his head- 
quarters, after the withdrawal of our troops to the Cemetery, 
until his army retreated back to Virginia. Along the road was 
pointed out the fields over which the gallant First Corps, in well- 
preserved lines, fell back, fighting all the way, beyond the town. 
Viewing the old whitewashed home of the late John Burns, who, 
while fighting on his own hook with the First Corps, received 



97 

the wounds that caused his death. As we enter the town, houses 
are pointed out where the Confederate sharpshooters fired on the 
guns at Cemetery Hill, and the old Church Building, where the 
chaplain of the 90th Pennsylvania regiment was killed on its 
steps, as he was about to enter to minister to the spiritual wel 
fare of the wounded ; reaching our hotels in time to jjack up 
gripsacks for the homeward trip. 

We found the dead in the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, 
are buried in Sections of States : — United States Regulars, 138; 
Connecticut, 22 ; Delaware, 15 ; Indiana, 80 ; Illinois, 6 ; Maine, 
104 ; Massachusetts, 159 ; Maryland, 22 : Michigan, Itl ; Min- 
nesota, 52 ; New York, 867 ; New Jersey, 78 ; New Hampshire, 
49; Ohio, 131 ; Pennsylvania, 534 ; Rhode Island, 12 ; Vermont, 
61; Wisconsin, 73 ; West Virginia, 11 ; unknown, 979. Amassive 
monument, sixt}^ feet in height, surmounted by the Goddess of 
Liberty, rises from the centre of the plot. It was erected by the 
National Government in memorv of its dead on the field. 





"Eear of liEFT Centre." 

This was the third position of Shaler's Brigade. On the ridge in the dis- 
tance were the lines of the 1st Corps, the brigade arriving about the time of 
the repulse of Pickett's ch?^ge, and went into position in the field beyond 
the Taneytown Road, to the left of Meade's Headquarters, where it remained 
until the morning of the 5th, when moved off with the 6th Corps in pursuit 
of Lee. 



JfcmEWHI|fl. 



"hrf HE 122d New York were the first to leave for home, taking 
the 9 A.. M. train on Thursdaj^, June 14th, quite a number 
of the boys going to the depot to give them a send-off. After 
many shake hands, and promises to be with us on all future re- 
unions of the Brigade, they bid adieu to Gettysburg, and after 
an uneventful but very enjoyable ride, they reached old Onon- 
daga County and their home, S^'racuse, on schedule time — a 
tired party of pilgrims, but rejoiced at their successful and en- 
joyable trip. 

Headquarters part}^, 65th and 122d New York contingent, 82d 
and 23d Pennsylvania departed on their special 1 P. M., of the 
il4th, with many hand shakes and "come and see us again" from 
the good people of the town. Orders had been given for no 
dinner, and we were getting to feel quite hungrj^, when the Com- 
misary Committee of the 23d passed through the train with churns 
of hot coffee and of iced milk, sandwiches, fruits, etc., boxes of 
cigars and lots of commissary, and it kept us busy getting away 
with the supplies, from the time we pulled out at Gettysburg 
until Broad Street Station, at Philadelphia, was reached, as the 
Committee didn't seem to tire and their stores of hospitality 
were inexhaustible. 



100 

The Brigade Committee held a meeting on the train, closing 
up all its affairs, and directed the Secretary to compile all the 
proceedings of the re-union for publication in book form, and 
instructed General Shaler, as President of the Association, to 
send a letter of thanks to the 23d Pennsylvania Association for 
their hospitality and soldierly interest, so well manifested in the 
success of the brigade re-union. The sentiment on the train being 
that in the near future the Brigade should re-une, at home or on 
some of the other battle-fields, and thus keep alive the comrade- 
ship of the survivors and friendship of our friends, which had 
been so enjoyable, renewed at our first reunion. 

The run was a delightful one, onl}^ one stop of five minutes at 
Harrisburg, where our western contingent bid us good-bye, with 
the. promise to be with us on the next occasion, reaching Phila- 
delphia forty-five minutes ahead of time, like the " Twosters," a 
tired but one of the most happy parties of veterans and friends, 
possible. 

The 23d re-stocking the " Yorkers" with supplies, so as to 
bridge them over to their destination — Mrs. General Shaler being 
presented with a large pound cake to carry home to the grand- 
children. Thus ended a most glorious, happy and decidedly 
successful -re-union of Shaler's Brigade, in which all the com- 
mands contributed their share in the honors. 



-=o^ 



^EYiew c^ tf{B l§;e^^lJman. 



BY GENERAL ALEX. SHALER. 



I T is difficult to convey to tlie mind of an absent comrade the 
■^ degree of enjoyment experienced by those ^ho attended 
this memorable meeting ; much more difficult is it to describe 
the scenes in such terms as will enable one who has not had 
campaign and battlefield experience to appreciate the cordiality 
with which old soldiers greet each other after years of separation. 
Army life, in war times, is one of almost constant privations, 
and of frequent sufferings. The great mass of the men compos- 
ing an army are on an equalit}^ Their comforts and discomforts 
are the same. Their pleasures and their pains are the same, and 
the longer they serve together, the morp. they become like brothers 
to each other. When the war is over, and the organization is 
disbanded, the men return to their respective homes and resume 
their former vocations and walks of life. Engrossed with these,, 
they have but little time and less opportunity to maintain the 
comradeship of the war, but their attachments are never for- 
gotten. Years may roll by, and long distances may separate 
them, but the men who stood shoulder to shoulder in defence of 
the old flag ; who slept and ate together ; who toiled and rested 
together ; who shared their rations with each other, can never 
forget their brothers in arms. So it is, that when they meet, 
recollections of the past are revived, scenes of pleasure and of 
suffering are recalled, memories of good deeds and kind words 
are brought to mind, and they greet each other with a hearty 
<jordiality, almost unknown to others. It was conspicuously so 
nt this re-union. . Officers and men of one regiment greeted those 
of another regiment like long lost brothers, and all vied with each 



102 

other in doing honor to their General and his Staff, and in ex- 
pressing their cordial attachments. 

The time selected for the re-union, in advance of the "Army 
Re-nnion," was fortunate in that it secured to us all the^ facilities 
for sight-seeing, and all the benefits of the preparations made by 
the good people of Gettysburg for the larger gathering to follow. 
The weather was all that could be desired. The programme was 
excellent and faithfully observed. It would have been impossible 
to plan a better one, or carry it out more successfull}^ From 
first to last ever3^thing ran smoothl3^ Not a hitch occurred, nor 
anything to mar the pleasures of the trip, save the slight acci- 
dent to a member of the 23d Kegiment, on the cars. Our 
enjoyment was greatly enhanced in observing the interest taken 
by our relatives and friends in everything to be seen on the battle- 
field, the curiosity they displayed in the relics obtained, and in 
the desire the}'' manifested to learn all about the great battle. • It 
was a source of unlimited pleasure to us to be able to contribute 
so much to the pleasure of our dearest friends. 

Gettysburg is a memorable field, and long after the last re-union. 
of participants in the battle shall have been held, will be visited 
by people from the world over, very much as Waterloo now is,. 
but with much greater interest. Visitors of the present da}^^ 
but not those of the future, may learn from survivors the un- 
written history of the battle; and we owe it to our descendants 
that every opportunity be taken to impart to them the knowledge 
we possess regarding its details. And the same should be done 
in reference to every other important battle-field of the war. 

Our brigade was popular and well known in the army. It en- 
joyed the confidence of its. commanding oflScers, and rendered 
conspicuous and oftentimes delicate services. Among its sur- 
vivors are those who have taken part in every battle of the Army 
of the Potomac. What a history they could write ! And how 
much could be learned from their recitals. It is safe to say that 
there is not a member of the old brigade, not a relative or friend, 
who attended this re-union, that does not feel a thousand times 
rewarded for the time and money spent in doing so. On all sides, 
in returning home, we heard the most earnest expressions of 
gratification and pleasure, coupled with the hope that our brigade- 



103 

re-unions will hereafter be held periodically. Such gatherings 
give an opportunity for the revival of army reminiscences and 
tend to keep alive the spirit of loyalty and fraternity, so prom- 
inent in the breast of all true soldiers. Why, then, should we 
not encourage them ? Let us devote just a little of the short 
time remaining to us in this agreealDle and patriotic way. It 
will do us good. 

In contemplating the pleasures of this joyful re-union, the 
Brigade Committee are reminded of the great obligation we all 
are under to our gallant comrades of the 23d Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, for their never-ending hospitality. The record shows how, 
from the start at Philadelphia, they commenced the dispensation 
of good things, and never ceased the flow until they returned 
home ; but less than justice would be done Colonel Glenn and 
his brave veterans if we neglected this opportunity to place on 
record a special acknowledgment for the hearty and constant 
attention shown b}^ the survivors of the 23d to the comfort and 
pleasure of their brothers in arms and their friends. 

The whole brigade were made the guests of the 23d, and 
recollections of their lavish hospitality will alwa3^s be remembered 
as an unliquidatedMndebtedness on the part of the recipients. 

With equal pleasure the Committee acknowledge the zeal and 
energy displayed by its Secretary, Comrade William J. Wray, 
of the 23d Penns^'lvania Yolunteers, in the work indispensable 
on such occasions. To him the Brigade are indebted for the 
inception, the developement and the execution of the work of 
the programme, from which we derived so much pleasure. In 
arranging details nothing escaped him. In the execution of them, 
his business-like and systematic methods, and his untiring energy 
insured success. By his voluntary labors the Committee were 
relieved from much necessary work; and it gives them no little 
satisfaction to express to him, through this medium, their indi- 
vidual heartfelt thanks for the services which contributed so 
much to the comfort and pleasure of the attendants at our first 
re-union. 



APPENDIX-A. 



LETTERS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS APPER- 
TAINING TO THE RE-UNION. 



Letter from Major-General H. G. Wright, late Commander 
6th Arm}^ Corps. Read at Dedication. 

Washington, June 1, 1888.) 
1203 N Street, JST. W. | 
Dear General Shaler : 

Your kind invitation to be present at the meeting of the Sur- 
vivors of your brigade of the good Old Sixth at Gettysburg, on 
the 12th to 14th inst., gave me profound pleasure, and I should 
be glad to join you on that occasion, and meet so many of the 
Survivors of the gallant Corps we all loved so well ; but I am 
forced to accept the fact that my davs for such undertakings 
are over, and that I must leave such Re-unions to younger men 
'w^ho do noc j^et feel the weight of years bearing somewhat 
heavily upon them. 

As I cannot be with you, I must beg that 3^ou express to my 
old comrades my most hearty good wishes, not only for this 
occasion, but for all things connected with their welfare — good 
wishes which they have earned, not only from myself, but from 
the country by their gallant, efficient and successful services. 
I am my dear General, 

Yery sincerely yours, 

H. G. WRIGHT. 
•General Alexander Shaler, 

Ridgefield, N. J. 



106 



Letter from Major-Geueral John Newton, late our Division 
Commander. Read at Dedication. 

New York, Maj- 26, 1888. 
My Dear General : 

It would give me great pleasure to be with your brigade in 
their celebration at Gettysburg, and I tender my best thanks for 
the courtsey ; but the fact is, I don't expect to be able to get out 
of the city at the date of the Re-Union, which I would greatly 
enjoy. With best wishes for a glorious time, I am 

Very truly 3'ours, 

JOHN NEWTON. 
General Alexander Shaler. 



Letter from Major-General D. N. Couch, late our Division 
Commander. Read at Dedication. 

NoRWALK, Conn., May 25, 1888. 

My Dear General Shaler : 

Yery many thanks for the invitation to join the brigade in its 
Re-union at Gettysburg ; but, by reason of having made arrange- 
ments to be absent from home at the time, I cannot accept your 
kindness. 

Permit me, however, to wish for the Gallant Old Brigade, an 
enjoyable trip to the field of its former glories. 

With many good wishes, 

I am respectfull}' , 

D. N. COUCH. 

General Alexander Shaler, 

Ridgefield, N. J. 



107 



Letter from General Martin T. McMahon, late Chief of Staff, 
6tli Corps. Read at Dedication. 

New York City, June 4, 1888.) 
93 Nassau Street. )" 

Dear General : 

I would be only too glad to go with you to Gettj^sburg, and 
say a few words to the Survivors of your old brigade. No one 
better knew than I how .much they did, and how well it was 
done. One of the best brigades in the Sixth Army Corps — hav- 
ing but two rivals as Brigade Organizations in what I may cer- 
tainly be pardoned as describing as the best Corps of the Army 
of the Potomac. Your brigade made a record which could in- 
spire even as dull a speaker as mj^self almost to eloquence. It 
is not, therefore, the task of preparing an address suitable to the 
occasion, which deters me from accepting your kind invitation y 
but, unfortunately, I am obliged to be in the city on the dates 
named for your Re-Union by engagements which I cannot forego. 

When I refer to the Sixth Corps as the best Corps of the 
Army of the Potomac ; and, therefore, of the best Army of the 
world. I expect to hear from many of our good brothers of the 
Second, the Fifth and the others, who will vigorously dispute 
the claim, and with such good reason that I fear posterity will 
have much difficulty in agreeing upon a verdict even if they 
take the trouble to consider the question. We will stand 
stubbornly by our own, however, and maintain as persistently 
with or without reason the supremacy of the Greek Cross, 
whether of red, or white, or blue, as we did in the days when 
Shaler's Brigade under Cochrane, yourself , or dear Joe. Hamb- 
lin, bore it firmly to the front under more adverse circumstances, 
and met arguments that silenced, even if they did not convince, 
and held it there like men who deserved well of their countr3\ 

(jrod bless them all who are with you, and God's peace to 
the souls of them whom you are there to honor. 
Faithfully yours, 

M. T. McMAHON, 

Chief of Staff, 6th Corps, 

Army of the Potomac. 
General Alexander Shaler. 



108 



Xetter of General Cochrane, declining to accept as Orator of 

the Day. 

To Sealer's Brigade Association, Survivors of the Sixth 
Army Corps: 

Gentlemen : 

I was apprised unexpectedly of my selection to address your 
Association on the occasion of your Re-Union on the field of 
Gettysburg, at a time when physical disorder forbade my accept- 
ance of the proffered honor. 

Gettysburg battle, enshrined in the common heart, reflects a 
glory upon its humblest participant. Thither repair the pilgrims 
of freedom, and thither the pride and the hopes converge that 
illustrate the American name. No record of man's design is 
needed to tell the stor}^ of that day, and when cenotaph and 
monument shall have crumbled to decay, still will its deeds stir 
and its echoes thrill every American bosom. Here death assailed 
the hero and here deluged the ranks where shiftless and moan- 
less thousands lay bleeding a sacrifice to country. And now, in 
the bloom of the vernal year, come the survivors of Shaler's 
Brigade, to recall the incidents of the deadly conflict they waged, 
and to solemnly dedicate monuments to commemorate them. 

Though not suffered to share with them their perils, nor to 
partake of the glory that is theirs, yet must my heart be in- 
sensible, indeed, when Shaler's Brigade shall fail to remind me 
that it was once my own, and life's current have ebbed when its 
deeds and its destin}^, its living and its dead, are no longer borne 
on the tables of memory. Comrades, it was a sore day when, 
in time of war, bodily distress dictated to you my farewell ad- 
dress. Equally sore is the day when bodily infirmities restrain 
me from j^our peaceful Re-Union. 

The glory anticipated for 3^ou then you have reaped, and "your 
victories past were in hail of 3^our victories to come," for your 
standards are gilded with the name of Gettysburg. Comrades, 
adieu. 

JOHN COCHRANE. 
Brigadier-Gen. U. S. Vols. 

New York, June 4th, 1888. 



109 

Letter from General Jas. A. Beaver, Governor of Pennsylvania,, 
and President of the Gettysburg Battle-field Association. 

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Executive Chamber,} 
Harrisburg, June 7th, 1888. ] 

William J. Wray, Esq., 

Secretary, &c., 3923 Reno St., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
My Dear Sir: 

Your kind invitation of-the 5th instant, to Mrs. Beaver and 
me, to attend the Camp-Fire, Reception, &c., incident to the 
dedication of the monuments of the regiments composing Shaler's 
Brigade, of the Sixth Army Corps, has been received. 

I regret that previous engagements, which take me to the 
western part of the State, will prevent my joining you on either 
of the days mentioned. I would be glad to be with you, if for 
no other reason than to show m}^ appreciation of the services 
rendered by the two Pennsjdvania regiments, which formed a 
a part of this reliable brigade. 

Wishing you a pleasant day and successful exercises through- 
out, I am 

Very gratefull}^ 3'ours, 

JAMES A. BEAA^ER. 



Letter from General John P. Taylor, President of Pennsyl- 
vania Commission on Gett3^sburg Monuments. 

Reidsville, Pa., June 11, 1888. 
Wm. J. Wray, 

Secretary of Shaler's Brigade Association. 
My Dear Sir : 

I am honored by the receipt of jomy kind invitation to partici- 
pate in your Camp-fire and dedicatory services of you Association 
at Gett3^sburg, to be held on the 12th, 13th and 14th instant. 

I regret ver}'- much that prior engagements will prevent my 
being with you in so important ceremonies, and can but express 
my thanks in being remembered. 

Wishing you a most enjoyable time, I am, &c., 

Sincerely yours, 

J. P. TAYLOR.. 



no 



Xjetter from Major Samuel Harper, Secretary of Pennsylvania 
Board of Commissioners on Gettysburg Monuments. 

Pittsburg, June 9, 1888. 

William J. Wray, Esq., Secretary, 

Shaler's Brigade Association, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

I acknowledge the receipt of your note inviting me to be pres- 
ent at the ceremonies and festivities attending the dedication 
of the monuments of the regiments of your brigade. I am really 
and sincerely sorry that I cannot attend, and I hope that you 
will believe me when I say that my regret is much deeper than 
I have expressed it in these words. 

I, but yesterday, returned from a meeting of the Commission, 
where a mass of work was piled up on me, that will require 
«every available moment until we meet again in July. 

I would like to meet my old comrades of Shaler's Brigade, 
with whom I was associated in the old Third Division of the 
-most glorious old Sixth Corps. I would especially like to meet 
again your old Commander, General Shaler, for whom I always 
had a personal, as well as a soldier's admiration. I knew him 
well in the field, but have not had the good fortune to meet h'^m 
since the close of the rebellion. We were members of the same 
Court-Martial, for the same time ; and to those who know us both 
as men of positive views, I need hardly say that we did not 
always agree ; but, probably, 1 ought to say that when we did 
not agree it was alwaj's as gentlemen and soldiers. 

But, m}^ object in writing is to say wh}^ I cannot be with you, 
and to express the hope that the ceremonies and festivities may 
conduce to the pleasure and profit of all who may be fortunate 
enough to be present. 

I close with the old pra^^er which is as fresh to-ddy as ever. 
•" God bless the old Sixth Corps." 

Very truly yours, 

SAMUEL HARPER, 
Late of 139th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Wheaton's Brigade. 



Ill 

Letter from Colonel R. Bruce Rickett's, Pennsylvania State 
Gettysburg Monument Commission. 

WiLKESBARRE, Pa., Juue 9, 1888. 
William J. Wray, Esq. : 

My Dear Sir : 

Your kind invitation to be present at the dedication of monu- 
ments and the Re-TJnion of Shaler's Brigade is received. 

I regret very much, that other engagements will prevent my 
being present and meeting old friends in that brigade. 

Yer}^ respectfully, 

R. B. RICKETTS. 



Letter from General C. A. Richardson, New York State Gettys- 
burg Monument Commission. 

Canandaigua, N. Y., June 7th, 1888. 
YT. J. Wray, 

SecY Shaler's Brigade Association, 

3923 Reno Street, Philadelphia. 
3Iy Dear Sir: 

I regret that my engagements are such that I cannot accept 
your invitation to be present at the dedication of the monuments 
of your Brigade, and the Complimentary Ball and Reception 
given on the occasion at Gettysburg, from the 1 2th to the 14th 
of this month, 

I shall be interested to see the several monuments of the regi- 
ments of 3^our Brigade, when at Gettj^sburg next month. 
Sincerel}^ yours, 

C. A. RICHARDSOK 



Letter from the National Department Commander, G. A. R., 
John P. Rea, of the Gett3^sburg Battle-field Association. 

Headquarters G. A. R. Office of Adjutant-General. | 
MiNNNEAPOLis, MiNN., June 9, 1888. ) 

Wm. J. Wray, Secretary, &c., 

3923 Reno St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
3Iy Dear Comrade : 

1 am just in receipt of your invitation to attend a camp-fire 
■and other exercises of the Survivors of the Sixth Arm}- Corps, 



112 

at Gettysburg, June 12th to 14th, and regret that other engage- 
ments will prevent my accepting the same. 

Trusting that you may have an enjoyable time, I am 
Yours in F. C. & L., 

JOHN P. REA, 
Commander-in-Chief. 



Letter from General George G. Briggs, of the Gettysburg 
Battle-field Association. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., Juae 11th, 1888. 

Wm. J. Wray, SecV. 
3923 Reno Street, 

. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

Temporary absence from home prevented an earlier acknowl- 
edo-ment of your esteemed favor of the 5th instant. 

I regret exceedingly not to be able to accept your ver}^ kind 
invitation and participate with the survivors of Shaler's Brigade 
in the splendid programme for Tuesday, Wednesday and Thurs- 
day, of the present week. 

I trust the occasion may be all that you could desire, and one 
to be long remembered by the surviving members of your old 
Brigade with pleasure and profit. 

Yours Truly, 

GEO. G. BRIGGS 



Letter from General Frank D. Sloat, of the Gettysburg Battle- 
field Association. 

New York, June T, 1888. 
Wm. J. Wray, Esq., 

Secretary of Shaler's Brigade Association. 
3923 Reno St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Dear Sir : 

I have pleasure in acknowledging receipt of your kind invita- 
tion for myself and ladies to attend the Camp-Fire and other 
ceremonies attendant upon the dedication of the monuments of 



113 

your Brigade, at Gettysburg, on the 12th, 13th and 14th instants ; 
and beg to say that it would give me exceeding pleasure to avail 
myself of the opportunity thus afforded of meeting with you 
and others of your Brigade, under circumstances so full of prom- 
ise of unusual attractions. I am, however, compelled to decline, 
with great regret, as I am expecting to visit Gettysburg officially 
some time in July, and it would be quite impossible for me to 
go there this month and also in July. 

Please accept my thanks for your kind invitation, and believe 
me, Cordially yours, FRANK D. SLOAT. 



Letter from General Charles L. Young, of the Gettysburg 
Battle-field Association. 

Toledo, Ohio, June 7, 1888. 
Comrade Wm. J. Wray, 

Secretar}^ Shaler's Brigade Association, 

3923 Reno Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
My Dear Comrade: 

I certainly thank you for the invitations for next week, at 
Gettysburg. Nothing would afford me greater delight than to 
meet my old friend. General Shaler, and his famed Brigade, under 
such agreeable circumstances ; but, as I hope to appear later, at 
the annual meeting of the Board of Directors of the Battle-field 
Association, I cannot find the time to go twice or earlier. When 
I do reach Gettysburg, I shall view your men^orials with an ad- 
ditional delight for this courtesy extended. 

Very sincerely, in F. C. & L., 

CHARLES L. YOUNG. 



Letter from General Louis Wagner, of the Gettysburg Battle- 
field Association. 

Philadelphia, Pa., June 7th, 1888. 
William J. Wray, Esq., Secretar}^ 

3923 Reno Street, Philadelphia. 
My Dear Comrade: 

It will be impossible for me to avail myself of your invitation 
to the Re-Union of Shaler's Brigade, at Gettysburg, next week. 
Public duties prevent. Yours truly, LOUIS WAGNER. 

8 



114 



Letter from General Elisha H. Rhodes, of the Gettysburg 
Battle-field Association. 

Providence, K. J., June 11, 1888. 
W. J. Wray, Sec'y, &c. 
Dear Comrade: 

I regret exceedingly that I shall be unable to attend the ser- 
vices held by the survivors of Shaler's Brigade, at Gettysburg. 
I remember the daj's of old, when this brigade was a near neigh- 
bor of mine, and have not forgotten their deeds of valor in 
defence of the old flag. Please remember me to General Shaler 
and other Comrades, and accept -my thanks for the invitation. 
Yours very truly, 

ELISHA H. RHODES, 

2d R. I. Yols. 



Letter Irom Colonel John B. Bachelder, Government Historian 
of the Battle of Gettysburg. 

Hyde Park, Mass., June 8, 1888. 
Wm. J. Wray, Esq., 

Secretary Shaler's Brigade Association. 

My Dear Sir : 

I am in receipt of your very kind invitation to attend the 
Re-Union of Shaler's Brigade, and to participate in the various 
exercises of the occasion. 

I have already written to General Shaler, sajang to him that I 
^ill accept his invitation to be present, if practicable. Indeed, 
I have made all my preparations to go. But, since receiving 
your letter, I have an invitation to attend the ceremony of cele- 
brating the golden wedding of a cousin of mine, who I know 
would feel aggrieved were I not to attend. I may manage to go 
to Gettysburg ; at any rate, I hope j^our grand old command 
will enjoy its full anticipations of pleasure. I am, sir, 

Yery truly j^ours, 

JNO. B. BACHELDER. 



115 



Letter from Colonel William P. Roome, late Adjutant-General, 
Shaler's Staff. 

New York, June 11, 1888. 
My Dear General: 

Affairs have so shaped themselves, that, notwithstanding my 
every effort, ii is absolutely necessary that I shall be in New 
York to-morrow. You can understand my chagrin and regret. 
Should an 3^ old friend and comrade remember me, will you kindly 
convey to him an expression of my honest affection ? Though 
bodily absent, in heart and spirit I will be with 5^ou all. 

With a greeting to each and every member of our old Brigade 
^ho shall gather about the memorials of their duty, so nobly 
performed, not alone at Gettysburg, but on the many battlefields 
of the war, and to the departed a tribute of silent reverence, I 
am, my dear General, 

Heartily thine, 

WM. P. ROOME. 

To General Alexander Shaler. 



Letter from Judge William Mc Clean, Presiding Judge of 
Adams County, Pennsylvania. 

Gettysburg, Pa., June t, 1888. 

Wm. J. Wray, Esq., 

Secretary Shaler's Brigade Association. 

Dear Sir: 

I sincerely thank you for the courtesy of your invitation to 
attend the interesting exercises arranged for the Re-Union here 
next week, but regret that my necessary absence at that time, in 
Fulton County, holding my regular June term of Court there, 
will deprive me of the pleasure and honor of attendance. 

Most truly yours, 

WM. McCLEAK 



116 



General Cochrane's Farewell Address ; read at the Camp-Fire,. 
by Captain Robert H. Moses, 122d New York Volunteers. 

Headquarters First Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army) 
Corps, Army of Potomac. February 27, 1863.) 

Soldiers of the First Brigade : 

My command over 3^ou has terminated. Serious physical 
maladies, induced by the unaccustomed experiences of two years 
of military life, constantly in the camp, on the march, or in the 
field, have unfitted me for the duties of an active campaign. 

For this reason mj^ resignation severs my connection with the 
service, but I should trample upon the most sacred emotions did 
I depart from among you in silence. We began our march and 
have traversed our fields together ; when we lay down one sky 
covered, and one flag protected us ; and when we arose, it was- 
to the notes of the same reveille. Your toil has been my toil, 
and 3^our battles mine. To Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Antietam,. 
Williamsport and Fredericksburg, our memories revert together, 
as to fields hallowed by the bravery and the blood of our Brigade. 
Soldiers' graves are there, filled with our dead, and we, their sur- 
vivors, bear their names upon our hearts, w^here too, their praises 
are inscribed. 

Soldiers, for your country have 3'ou borne all, perilled all, 
suffered all ; and for that country you will still bleed and endure, 
till 3"ou have seized from the teeth of this monstrous rebellion 
the dear inheritance of your children — one name, one country, 
one home. 

I shall not be with you, nor shall I strike at your side. But 
whenever, in other fields, bending beneath grievous burdens, I 
am weary or faint, one thought of you, brave hearts, shall revive 
resolution and re-invigorate effort in our common cause. 

You are of the Army of the Potomac. High hopes rest upon 
you, and fervid praj^ers supplicate your success. Objects of 
hope, and subjects of j^rayer, comrades in arms, your future is 
fraught with the destinies of the coming generations. Though 
sometimes checked, yet never defeated ; though sometimes baffled^ 
yet never beaten, the victories of your past are still within hail 



117 

-of your victories to come ; your country's cause rests upon your 
-arms, and your standards will yet gild the day of its success. 

Soldiers — Farewell. 

JOHN COCHRANE, 

Brig.-General, Comd'g 1st Brigade. 



Remarks of William H. Redheffer, Secretary of 82d Pennsyl- 
vania Yolunteers, at the Camp-Fire. 

Comrades of Shaler^s Brigade : 

When a proper history of the grand old Army of the Potomac, 
of its many severe struggles, marches and hard fought battles, 
to get possession of its great objective point — Richmond — and 
the heroic deeds of its valorous commanders and soldiers, shall 
have been written, no one name of that galaxy of heroes will 
stand out brighter or more prominent than that of George Gordon 
Meade. 

That grand old army that was so often out-generaled^ and whose 
commanders were so often out-man 03 uvred, but whose soldiers 
were never whipped. You all remember the Peninsula Campaign, 
under that (then) ideal of the army, McClellan, with our marches 
and counter-marches, fatigues, hardships and battles, and our many 
reverses, and yet the old army was never defeated, discomfited 
or discouraged. These to be succeeded by the Maryland Cam- 
paign, under the old commander, McClellan, with Antietam and 
the various other victorious battles — to be succeeded in turn by 
Burnside and the reverses at Fredericksburg, and the "Mud 
March," with the toils, harhships and privations incident to 
those campaigns ; and then "Fighting Joe" Hooker, with Chan- 
cellorsville, Marye's Heights and Salem Church; to be followed 
by the second invasion of Maryland and the penetration of the 
loyal soil of our own State of Pennsylvania. You, comrades of 
the old "Shaler's Brigade," remember how, in the latter part of 
June, 1863, while on the march, we were informed of the displace- 
ment of Hooker and the substitution of that grandest of all our 
■commanders. General Meade, to the command of our grand old 
army. You remember, too, the grumblings and feelings of dis- 



118 

appointment and distrust amongst the rank and file at the placing- 
of, as we then thought, a new man at the head of the army, and 
one who was then comparatively unknown beyond the limits of 
his own (Fifth) Corps, 

The first day's fight at Gettysburg, the fall of that gallant 
soldier, Rejmolds, and the sending for our Division Commander 
Newton to go to the front, to take Reynolds' place, in command 
of his Corps, are still fresh in 3'our minds. You remember, also, 
the night march of the first day of the fight, to reach the field of 
battle in time to take part therein. Wherever the nation most 
needed a soldier, there some of the grand old Sixth Corps were 
sent. 

After our vicory here at Gettysburg, then the charge at FunkS' 
town, and the driving of the rebels from our soil, and the ending 
of the Pennsylvania Campaign. None of us who took part in 
that battle knew of the anxious da3^s in Philadelphia, Washing-^ 
ton, Baltimore and New York, nor of the many sleepless nights 
passed hy the people of those cities during that time ; and not 
until it was known by them that the grand old invincible Army 
of the Potomac was confronting Lee and his hosts was confidence 
restored. 

This victory at Gettysburg was the first step in the disruption 
and downfall of the so-called Southern Confederacy. After that 
the old foe of our arm}^ fought on the defensive. No more oflfen- 
sive campaigns ; no more invasions of Pennsj^vania or Mary- 
land were attempted by them. To have lost at Gettysburg meant 
the imperilling and possible capture of Washington, Philadelphia^ 
Baltimore and perhaps New York Cit}^, and the reorganization 
of the Southern Confederacy by Foreign Powers. These catas- 
trophes would have prolonged the war for 3'ears and left the end 
in doubt. Of course, this is mere conjecture or speculation, but 
it is the sort of thing indulged in in everj^day life, and is pardon- 
able here. 

General Meade was, to my mind, the greatest soldier and Gen- 
eral that ever commanded our old Army of the Potomac. He 
was a soldier by instinct and education ; one of sound judgment 
and good, hard common sense. You must remember that the 
battle of Gettysburg, the best fought and most decisive in results 
of the war, was fought within less than one week after he had. 



119 

assumed command of the army. We were on the march for 
somewhere, wherever Lee's army might be. But where were they ? 
That was the question. Like the true soldier that he was, Meade 
took command, and within less than one week thereafter, fought 
the hardest battle of the war, with the most glorious results. 
General Meade was no hurrah soldier ; he was a soldier in the 
strongest acceptation of the term ; and I do not wish to detract 
from the merits of any of the other heroes of the war when I 
repeat that to my mind — a soldier in the ranks — he was the 
greatest strategist, fighter and soldier that ever commanded our 
army. There ha^'e been other claimants for the honor of having 
selected the position for the battle of Gett3^sburg, and some have 
boldly asserted that Meade had nothing to do with it, while others, 
in their claim, would almost make one think that Meade wasn't 
in the fight at all ! 

When Meade took command, our army was acting on the de- 
fensive. We were after our old foe, Lee ; but where he was at, 
that time, no one knew. Therefore, Meade was obliged to move 
cautiously and feel his wa}^ gradually. But, when Buford dis- 
covered the enemy's whereabouts, and the gallant Reynolds, 
soldier-like, obeyed the soldier instinct and marched his column 
toward the sound of the guns, and fell, covered with glory — 
then Meade knew where Lee was, and immediatel}^ ordered his 
entire arm}^ to the scene of conflict, Gettysburg. His instructions 
to Hancock, of July 1st, were, "That you proceed to the front, 
and by virtue of this order, in case of Reynolds' death (as re- 
X)orted) you assume command of the Corps there assembled ;" 
and he further said, "In case the ground and position are better 
for a fight than the one heretofore selected (Pipe Creek), you 
will advise me and I will order all the troops up." Hancock re- 
ported, and Meade ordered all the troops up at once and arrived 
on the field in person shortly after midnight. Now, if General 
Meade did not select the site for that battle, who did ? Surely, 
no one will argue but that as General Commanding he could, 
after the first day's fight, have withdrawn the army to Pipe Creek 
or elsewhere, if he so chose, and fought his battle. Meade's in- 
structions to Hancock cannot be mistaken or misunderstood, read 
them as we will. He said, "If you think the ground and position 
(at Gettysburg) a better one on which to fight a battle * * * 



120 

so advise me, and I will order all the troops up." If he had not 
have intended to give battle to the enemy, wherever he found 
him, with advantages always in our favor, wouldn't he have or- 
dered a retreat, even after Hancock's report, and fought on ground 
of his own selection ? Most assuredl3^ 

Meade intended to fight, not retreat ; and he fought with re- 
sults well known to us all. And the future historian, in reviewing 
the man}" battles of the Rebellion, and the soldiers that partici- 
pated therein, will, I feel satisfied, accord to General Meade the 
full merit and praise that he earned, and to which he is so justly 
entitled. 

I have always believed that Divine Providence had much to 
do with the selection of General Meade as our commander at 
that battle. We could have afforded and did suffer reverses in 
many of our other battles without serious effect, but supposing 
we had been defeated there ; then what ! 

I have no words of condemnation or censure, nor do I say it 
in a spirit of fault-finding, but I think a mistake was made in 
not naming General Meade for the Lieutenant-Generalcy. I don't 
say this out of any disrespect, or to detract from the laurels of 
the soldier that was named for that position — for I consider him 
one of the ablest of our generals. That Meade was a great and 
safe soldier, thoroughly efficient and competent in every respect, 
was attested to by General Grant himself, in retaining him as 
Commander of the Army of the Potomac. He abl}^ aided and 
seconded Grant in his plans and campaigns, which culminated 
in the defeat of Lee's armj', and the overthrow of the Rebellion ; 
and if he had not have been a true soldier, Grant would not have 
tolerated him for a moment. And the strongest argument that 
I can make in support of m}^ assertion of the slight put upon 
Meade, is this action of Grant's in retaining him in command of 
our army, as he did. 

After a while, those who follow after us will write a correct 
history of our deeds, without fear, favor or affection and without 
passion or prejudice. Then I am satisfied that full justice will 
be done the name of General Meade, and his name will stand out 
boldly in the front rank with the other heroes of the Union 
armies that took part in the war of the Rebellion. 

The gatherings of old soldiers, on old battle-fields, should be 



121 

•encouraged, not only by the soldiers who took part in them, but 
by the people at large, as they serve to keep alive the old frater- 
nal feelings between old comrades in arms, and stimulate the 
rising generation to emulate the example of their sires, and fos- 
ters and kindles in the breast of the young a proper spirit of 
patriotism and love of country ; so that in the future, should our 
country's life ever again be imperilled, they will spring to her 
defense with the same spirit and as gallantly as did their fathers 
ibefore them. 

Comrades, some of us who meet here upon this occasion may, 
perhajDS, never attend such another gathering. We are getting 
old and others must take our places. Let our actions be such 
that we would have our children emulate them. Let us do no 
act or say one word the recital of which would wound the feel- 
ings of others, or cause pain to ourselves. Let our everyday 
lives be living examples of probity, honor and rectitude for our 
'Children and our children's children. 

Comrades, I am done. That God, in his infinite wisdom, may 
guide us all in the future as he has in the past, is my earnest 
•prayer. Good night ! 



SUE'S WEDDING. 

HEAD AT CAMP-FIRE BY MASTER EDDIE CRAIG, OF ALLEGHENY CITY, PA. 



Sue ought to have been married a long time ago. That's what 
ever^^body says who knows her. She has been engaged to Mr. 
Travers for over three years, and has had to refuse lots of offers 
to go to circuses with other young men. 

I have wanted her to get married so that I could live with her 
•and Mr. Travers, and when I think if it hadn't been for a mis- 
take I made yesterday, she would have been married, I feel it 
^awfully hard to be resigned, but we should always be resigned 
to anything we can't help. 

Before I go any further, I want to tell you about my printing- 
press. It did belong to Tom Maginness, but he got tired of it 
:and let me have it real cheap. He was going to get it exchanged 



122 

for a bicycle, a St. Bernard dog and twelve good books, but he- 
finally consented to let me have it for $1.50. It prints beauti- 
fully, and I have made $3.75 already, printing cards for the- 
neighbors. 

I thought Tom and I might have a show some time, so I sent 
to town and bought some yellow paper, and some type, more- 
than an inch high. 

It was decided that Sue would be married next week, and you 
should have seen the state of mind her and mother were in.. 
They did nothing but sew and bu}^ clothes and talk about the 
wedding all day long. Sue said she wanted to be married in the 
church, and have bridesmaids and flowers and music till j^ou 
couldn't rest, and the only thing that troubled her was who to 
invite. Mother wanted her to invite Mr. and Mrs. McFadden 
and the seven McFadden girls ; but Sue said they had insulted 
her, and she couldn't bear the idea of inviting the McFadden 
tribe. All agreed that old Mr. Wilkison, who came to a party 
at our house with one shoe and one slipper on, could not be in- 
vited, but that all others who were on good terms with the family 
should have an invitation. 

Sue counted up all she meant to invite, and there were nearly 
three hundred of them ; and the worst of it was that Sue said I 
must deliver all the invitations myself. Now, you see, I couldn't 
do that without losing time, which is always valuable ; so I 
thought of a plan which would save Sue the trouble of address- 
ing three hundred invitations, and the trouble of delivering them.. 

I got to work, with my printing-press, and printed a dozen 
splendid big bills about the wedding. Then I cut some pictures 
of animals and ladies on horses out of some old circus bills I had 
and pasted them around the edge. That night I made some 
paste'in an old tin pail and went out and pasted the bills in good 
places, all over the town. 

The next day father came in, looking very stern, with one of 
the wedding bills in his hand. He handed it to Sue, and said^ 
"Susan, what does this mean ? These bills are pasted all over 
the town, and crowds of people are reading them." Sue read it, 
gave a shriek, and fainted awa}^, and I went down to the post- 
office to see if there was any mail there. This was what was oil 
the wedding bills, and I am sure it was spelled all right : 



123 

MISS SUSAN BROWN 

announces that she will marry 

MR. JAMES TRAVERS, 

at the church, on Thursday, at t o'clock. 

All the friends of the Family 

with the exception of 

the McFadden tribe and old Mr. Wilkison 

are invited. 

Come early and bring Lots of Flowers. 

Now, what's wrong about that? I'm sure it was all spelled' 
right, with the exception of the name of the church, and I didn't 
put that in because I wasn't sure how to spell it. 

Any other girl but Sue would have been grateful and thanked 
me for my trouble ; but she began to crj^, and said that she would 
go to New York to be married, for she couldn't be married in 
town after that boy's dreadful conduct. 

The worst of it is, that I am to be sent to a boarding-school; 
and all because I pasted up a few bills without first asking my 
sister how she wanted them printed. 



RESOLUTION BY THE LADIES. 

At a meeting of the ladies who attended the re-union, in the 
parlors of the Eagle Hotel, on Wednesday evening, Mrs. General 
Shaler presiding, the following resolutions were unanimously 
adopted : 

Besolved, That we unite in most heartfelt thanks our apprecia- 
tion of the many courtesies extended to us b}^ the survivors of 
Shaler's Brigade and their friends, which have made our visit 
with you, in your Monumental Dedication and Re-Union occa- 
sion, such a pleasant and happy event. 

JResolvedj That Comrade William J. Wray be thanked for his 
untiring efforts in making this Re-Union a success. 

MRS. GENERAL SHALER, President, 

MISS EMMA WRAY, Secretary, 

MRS. J. MOFFITT, Assistant Secretary.. 



124 



Telegram to General Philip Sheridan. 

The boys did not forget their loved " Chief" amid the festivi- 
ties, and wired the following telegram to his sick-chamber : 

Gettysburg, June 13th, 1888. 
Colonel Mike Sheridan, 
Washington, D. C. 
Shaler's Brigade, of the old Sixth Corps, in Re-Union on the 
Gettysburg Battlefield, tender their kind regards and heartfelt 
sympathy to their old commander. General Sheridan. 

WM. J. WRAY, Secretary. 



Letter from Major J. B. Davis, 122d New York Volunteers. 
Hot Springs, Dak., June 6th, 1888. 
My Dear Comrade: 

I sent you a telegram, a few days ao;o, that I could not come 
to join with my old associates and discharge the duty assigned 
to me in the dedicatory exercises at Gettysburg. It was the 
hardest task I ever had imposed upon me, and nothing but my 
weakened physical condition prevented me from going. I so long 
to be with you on that occasion and to see, perhaps for the last 
time, some of the dear old " twosters" who were with me in that 
fight ! But I shall not see them. I shall not grasp their friendly 
hands nor look into their kindly faces again on earth. It may 
be, if my health is regained, that I shall be able to see you, or 
some of you, at least, at the annual re-union on August 28th — 
but this is in the future. 

I shall be with you in spirit in all your gatherings, and go 
through your exercises, enjoy your sallies of wit and songs of 
mirth, and I desire to have 37^ou say to all the members of my 
old regiment especially^ and to all in the regiment who remembei' 
me, that my heart just shakes hands with them all. The j^ears 
glide by and the last roll-call will soon come to each one of us. 
May your meeting be a grand success. I hope our monument 
stands on that big rock where the ravine begins. Please send 
me a map of the ground — a rough sketch, showing it all, with 
location of monument. 



125 

Oh ! I regret that I cannot be with you on this grand occasion. 
It seems I must go ! — but there is no use. I am so weary — I 
yield to the call for rest. God bless all my dear old comrades. 

Fraternally yours, 

J. B. DAYIS. 
A. H. HuBBs, 

President Survivors Association, 122d jN". Y. Vols. 



Co^y of General Shaler's Official Report of the First Brigade, 
Third Division. Sixth Corps, at Gettysburg. 

Headquarters First Brigade, Third Division, | 
Sixth Corps, July 21st, 1863. ) 

Major : 

I have the honor to hand you the following report of the move- 
ments and operations of the several regiments of the brigade, 
while under the command of Brigadier-General Geary, during 
the action of July 3d : 

At 9 A. M. the 122d New York Yolunteers, Colonel Silas Titus 
commanding, was directed to relieve the 111th Pennsylvania 
Yolunteers, then occupying a position in the front line. Finding 
the breastworks had been hastily vacated by that regiment, they 
were immediately reoccupied by the 122d and held by them, under 
a severe fire of the enemy, until relieved by the 82d Pennsyl- 
vania Yolunteers at 11.30 A. M. 

At 9.20 A. M. the 23d Pennsylvania Yolunteers, Lieutenant- 
Colonel John F. Glenn commanding, was placed in position as 
support to, and one hundred and fifty yards in rear of the front 
line. After about three hours, five companies were, by direction 
of General Geary, reported to the Lieutenant-Colonel command- 
ing a regiment of the Second Division, Twelfth Corps. These 
companies being deployed in rear of the works, were, under a 
galling fire of musketry, advanced under them. Owing to the 
heavy fire immediately- opened by the enemy, the design of feel- 
ing them with skirmishers was found impracticable. Skirmishers 
were advanced, however, about fifteen paces, but shortly after- 
wards withdrawn. 

At 11 A. M. the 67th New York Yolunteers, Colonel Nelson 
Cross commanding, marched into the woods and forward to the 



126 

breastworks from Tvhich the enemy were then fleeing. They suc- 
ceeded in capturing about twenty prisoners. 

At 11.15 o'clock the 65th New York Yolunteers, Colonel 
Joseph E. Hamblin commanding, occupied a j)Osition as support 
to the 23d Pennsylvania Yolunteers, of this brigade. 

At 11.30 A. M. the 82d Pennsylvania Yolunteers, Colonel I. 
C. Bassett commanding, advanced to the front line, relieving the 
122d New York, and occupying the position until relieved by a 
portion of General Geary's command, at about 3 P. M. At this 
hour the brigade was reformed under my command. 

I annex a list of killed, wounded and missing during the en- 
gagement. 





LIST OF KILLED AND WOUNDED. 








KILLED. j WOUNDED. jCAP'D or MIS'NG 


AGGRE- 
GATE. 


COMMAND. 


Officers. 


Enlisted Officers. 
Men. 1 


Enlisted 
Men. 


Officers. 


Enlisted 
Men. 


First Brigade. 

Brigadier General, 
ALEX. SHALER. 

65tli New York 




4 




5 






9 


67th New York 




1 . 






1 


1 


122d New York 




10 


2 


30 




2 


44 




1 




li 12 







14 


82d Pennsylvauia 




1 6 




6 












Total First Brigade, 


1 


14 3! 53 


3 


74 



I am, ver}^ respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ALEXANDER SHALER, 
Brigadier-General commanding Brigade, 
Asst. Adjutant- General, 2d Division, 12th Corps. 



Telegraph Dispatch published in Philadelphia Times, of 
June 13, 1888. 

ON THE FIELD OF GETTYSBURG. 



SHALER's brigade to dedicate THE MONUMENTS TO THEIR DEAD 

COMRADES. 

Special Telegram to the '' Times. ''^ 
Gettysburg, June 12. — The veterans of Shaler's Brigade, of 
the Sixth Corps, most of them from Philadelphia, to-day opened 



12t 

the celebration that will bring to this historic battle-field thou- 
■sands of those who, twenty-five j^ears ago, participated on both 
sides of the bloody struggle. The first arrival was the One 
Hundred and Twenty-second New York Yeterans, who came on 
n special from Syracuse at 7 o'clock this morning. Soon after 
noon nearly three hundred veterans and their friends arrived, 
including General Alexander Shaler, of Ridgway, N. J., who' 
commanded the brigade, and a number of ladies. They were 
met at the depot and escorted by the Grand Armj^ band of this 
place to their quarters at the various hotels. Conspicuous by 
their absence are the veterans of the Sixty-seventh New York 
Regiment, who declined to participate in these exercises and fixed 
their dedication for July 2. 

The visitors spent the afternoon at that portion of Gulp's Hill 
where their monuments stand, reviving memories of the battle 
and admiring the beautiful structures which will tell to future 
generations the part they took in the struggle. In the evening 
Secretary William J. Wray, of the Brigade Association, called 
a vast assembly of veterans, visitors and citizens to order in the 
court room and a most enjoyable camp-fire ensued. General 
Shaler responded to an enthusiastic call in a neat speech in which, 
as president of the Brigade Association, he expressed his pleasure 
at seeing so many of the boys who had gone through the bloody 
scenes of war under his command present, and expressed his 
warmest thanks to them for their interest in this Re-Union. He 
also spoke the thanks of himself and his comrades to the people 
of Gettj'sburg for their kindly attentions. 

One of the features of the evening was a recitation by Mrs. 
John Fox, of Philadelphia. Short speeches were made by Col- 
onel J. F. Glenn and Lieutenant-Colonel W. J. Wallace, of the 
Twenty-third ; Colonel J. M. Wetherell, Captain G. W. Water - 
house. Captain R. W. Patrick and Captain Charles Williams, of 
the Eighty-second ; Colonel Silas Titus and Major T. L. Poole, 
of the One Hundred and Twenty-second, and Captain Samuel 
Truesdell, of the Sixty -fifth. When the band struck up " Tent- 
ing on the Old Camp Ground," the veterans caught up the strain 
and made the house ring with the familiar song. The monuments 
will be dedicated to-morrow. 



128 



Telegraph Dispatch published in Philadelphia Times of 
^ June 14, 1888. 

AT HISTORIC GETTYSBURG. 

shaler's brigade dedicates monuments to dead comrades. 

3Iany Persons Witness the Unveilings at the Old Battle- Field — 
Descriptions of the Testimonials to Those Who Fell There. 



Special Telegram to the Times. 

Gettysburg, June 13. — The Shaler Brigade veterans and visi- 
tors could not have asked more delightful weather than they had 
to-day. Promptly at 9 o'clock this morning, the column, headed 
by the Grand Army Band, took up the line of march from bri- 
gade headquarters to the delightful shade of the spreading oaks, 
of Gulp's Hill, under which the monuments stand. With the 
Sixth Corps and other flags were borne the tattered battle-flags- 
which had been bravel}^ carried by the various commands on 
many a bloody field. Arriving at the scene of the day's exer- 
cises, they found hundreds of citizens gathered as spectators. 
Secretary Wra}^, of the Brigade Association, called the assembly 
to order and presented General Alexander Shaler as orator of 
the day, General Cochrane, of Xew York, who had been chosen 
orator, being detained by sickness. 

General Shaler's effort was of a purely historical character, 
giving in detail the brigade's history, from its formation until 
the close of the war. When he came to this campaign, he graph- 
ically described the forced march of the Sixth Corps from 
Manchester, arriving here on the afternoon of July 2, 1863, and 
their movement to the Union right, early on the 3d, to assist the 
Twelfth Corps troops in dislodging and driving back Johnson's 
Division from the works at Gulp's Hill, which they had taken 
and occupied while Slocum's troops were withdrawn to support 
the Third Corps in its terrific engagement with Longstreet's 
Corps at the Peach Orchard and Round Top. He also described 
their double-quick movement over Cemetery Hill, at the time of 
Pickett's charge, and closed with a glowing tribute to the private 
soldiers. 



129 



THE MONUMENT DEDICATIONS. 



Letters were read from Major-Generals Couch, Newton, Wright 
and McMahon. The veterans then formed a square around the 
122d New York Monument, which is of Barr granite, twelve feet 
high, having a massive rock-faced die, with four panels, contain- 
ing coat-of-arms and historical inscription, and capped with a 
pinnacle showing the Sixth Corps badge on its four sides. Major 
Davis Cossitt gave the history of the regiment, and Colonel 0. 
Y. Tracy, of Syracuse, delivered an able address. 

This monument was unveiled by Sergeant Chase, who carried 
the regimental colors through the whole war. Next came the 
23d Pennsylvania, whose monument had been dedicated two 
years ago, but who had just placed an artistic granite figure on 
the top, representing a Birney Zouave going into action. The 
exercises of re-dedicating the entire monument — one of the most 
striking on the field — were opened with praj^er by President 
McKnight, of Pennsylvania College, followed by an able address 
by Colonel John F. Glenn, of Philadelphia, and a neat presenta- 
tion speech b}^ Secretary Wray, o.f Philadelphia, the Memorial 
Association's acceptance of the statue being fittingly expressed 
by Secretary John M. Krauth, of the Association. 

The 82d's monument has a large die, with a knapsack at either 
end, a beautiful high cottage top, ending in a Sixth Corps badge, 
with the inscription, " July 3, marched from near Little Round 
Top, and occupied the works in front at 11.30 A. M., relieving 
other troops." Colonel John M. Wetherill, of Pottsville, deliv- 
ered a carefully-prepared history of the regiment, and Captain 
G. W. Waterhouse, of Philadelphia, made the dedicatory address. 
The monument was unveiled b}^ a daughter of Captain Ivers. 
The S3^mmetrical shaft of the 65th New York Regiment came 
next, and Colonel John Oakey, of Brookl^m, eloquently spoke 
for his comrades, absent as well as present. 

STUDYING THE BATTLE-FIELD. 

At the conclusion of the exercises, the 23d 's bountifully sup- 
plied commissary contributed to the pleasure of the crowd, all 
who wished being served in the same liberal manner as when the 
lemonade was passed around at the camp-fire on the previous night. 
9 



130 

The 23d's open house at the rink has been duly appreciated by their 
comrades of the other regiments. In the afternoon the town was 
almost deserted, the visitors making good use of their time, driv- 
ing over the battle-field, stud^^ing the operations of the troops and 
admiring the hundreds of costly memorials erected on every part 
of it. That evening the Brigade Association sent a telegram of 
sympathy to General Sheridan. After supper the headquarters' 
band serenaded the different regimental headquarters and the 
newspaper offices, after which the^^ escorted the visitors to the 
rink, where a complimentar}" ball and reception were tendered 
them. Colonel Glenn was grand conductor and was abh^ assisted 
by Colonel W. J. Wallace, Captain James M. Craig, W. J. Baker, 
James Spence, William Bartley, Secretarj^ Wray and other mem- 
bers of the regiment. The grand march under. the beautiful 
archway of red, white and blue trimmings was led b}^ Colonel 
and Mrs. Glenn. Two bands furnished music, refreshments were 
lavishly served, and the veterans, forgetting their age, joined in 
the amusements until a late hour. 



Telegraph Dispatch published in the Philadelphia TimeSj of 
June 15, 1888. 

SHALER BRIGADE'S YISIT. 

THE VETERANS GO OYER THE GETTYSBURG BATTLE-FIELD AND LEAVE 

FOR HOME. 



Special Telegram to the ^^ Times.'" 
Gettysburg, June 14. — This morning closed the long-to-be- 
remembered visit of the Shaler Brigade veterans and their friends 
to the historic scenes of Gettysburg. Taking carriages at a not 
very early hour the visitors moved out to view that portion of 
the field on which the battle opened, where Buford, with his dis- 
mounted cavalry, held the ground until Re3niolds arrived with 
the First Corps and fell dead while placing the famous "Iron Bri- 
gade" to resist the the oncoming tide of Hill's troops ; then 
along the avenue which bears the brave First Corps commander's 
name to the Mummasburg road, admiring the monuments already 
up and in course of erection ; then to Howard avenue and the 



131 

operations of numerous memorials of the Eleventh Corps, ending 
at the extreme right of the Union line of that clay. 

A beautiful gold badge, in the form of a red enameled Sixth 
Oorps badge, the Grecian cross, was presented to Secretary 
William J. Wray, of Shaler's Brigade Association, in the parlor 
of the Eagle Hotel, by the survivors of the 82d Pennsylvania 
Regiment. Colonel Wetherill made the presentation, and while 
Secretary Wray was ta^en entirely by surprise, he recovered 
sufficiently to express his heartfelt thanks in a neat speech. 

The ladies who accompanied the excursion held a meeting, 
over which Mrs., General Shaler presided, and adopted resolu- 
tions expressive of their thanks for the many kindly attentions 
shown them by the veterans of the regiments. At noon the 
visitors left, filled with the most pleasant recollections of their 
visit to historic Gett3^sburg. 




/ 


^ ^i*s..--^-- ^ 




1 




■ <M 








Ml- 




^■jk 


1^ 




-: '■? 



''^^''^s^z^^mmu^. 



APPENDIX-B. 



RE-Ui\ION CLIPPINGS, 



-FROM' 



THE FAYETTEYILLE '' RECORDER;' 0¥ NEW YORK, 
'"TRUTH;' '^compiler;' ''STAR'' AND ''SEN- 
TINEL," OF GETTYSBURG, AND INDI- 
YIDUAL CONTRIBUTORS. 



The editor of The Truths in getting out an extra edition, 
showed considerable enterprise. The report was quite a review 
of the Re-Union., We congratulate such energy. 

The Compiler and the Star and Sentinel, of Gettj^sburg, gave 
a very interesting, readable account of the Re-Union. 

The Eagle, McClellan, City and Globe Inn, at Gettysburg, 
were used as the headquarters of the several commands. All 
report the accommodations par excellent. 

On the arrival of the train bringing General Shaler, the follow- 
ing additional friends of the 122d joined the party : Mr. and Mrs. 
A. M. Slauson, Miss Slauson, Miss Nellie Slauson, Miss Carpen- 
ter and Mr. and Mrs. P. M. Wilson, of New York City, Mr. and 
Mrs. Heintz and Mr. J. L. Loomis, of Philadelphia, Pa,, and 
Mrs. Guy Moses, Miss Gaylord and Mr. Z. Moses, of Washing- 
ton, D. C. 



134 

The efficient services rendered by the Committee having charge- 
of the selection and location of the monument and the arrange- 
ments for the excursion, and especially the zeal and efficiency of 
Colonel 0. V. Tracy, who devoted his services and money freely 
to promote the undertaking, are gratefully remembered by the . 
comrades, who desire us to give expression to this feeling. 

Colonel John F. Glenn, of Philadelphia, the Grand Conductor 
of the Ball, knows when he has good music, and quickly decided 
to swap bands, in order that the dancers could enjoy the maizee. 

The 122d New York were drawn up in line on arrival of the 
other regiments of the brigade, under the command of Colonel 
Silas Titus, and as the column passed by, with ladies on their 
arms and gripsack in hand, gave them a marching salute. 

Captain R. H. Moses, of New York City, who has acted as 
the representative of the 12 2d on the committee of arrangements 
for the brigade Re-Union, has devoted much time to the affair, 
and is to be congratulated by his comrades for the successful 
result. His interest in the old regiment and all that concerns 
it seems to increase with the advance of time. 

Two new faces, which have been" missing from our annual re- 
unions, were seen at Gettysburg, and the cordial welcome they 
received must convince them that the fraternal feelings engen-^ 
dered by the experiences of army life grow stronger as years go 
by. We refer to Captain Lucius Moses and Sergeant Charles 
Eldridge. 

William J. Wray, the efficient Secretary of the Brigade Asso- 
ciation, was the leading spirit of the Re-Union, and the success 
of the re-union is largely due to his efforts, both in the work of 
preparation and in the subsequent supervision of the same. The 
122d boys were shown many favors b}^ him and his associates^ 
which they will remember with gratitude. 

The popular President of the 82d Pennsjdvania Association,. 
Colonel John M. Wetherill, of Pottsville, and their energetic 
Secretary, William H. Redheffer, of Philadelphia, were each 



135 

presented with a handsome Sixth Corps badge — red enamel, with 
words, "82d P. Y."_by the Survivors' Association, 82d Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers ; a most deserving tribute, as both worked 
very hard in their eflorts to make the Re-Union a success. 

General Shaler must have been touched with the hearty re- 
ception accorded him by the members of his old command. 
Every mention of his name was greeted with hearty cheers, and 
whenever he appeared he was tendered a perfect ovation. He 
will always be regarded with respect and esteem by the veterans 
of his old brigade, who always admired and trusted him. He 
was to them an ideal hero and commander. 

The members of the 122d were, during their stay at Gettys- 
burg, the recipients of many courtesies and attentions from the 
23d Pennsylvania, which they desire to gratefully acknowledge. 

It was indeed a very happ^' thought of General Shaler to sug- 
gest a Ke-Union of the old Brigade, and the spirit in which the 
reorganization of the old commands began demonstrated how 
strong the ties of comradeship existed these many years ; for, 
within ten months after the call was sounded, the comrades were 
brought into their several regimental associations. Many were 
found residing in nearly all the States, and on June 12th, the 
monuments were erected, ready for the dedication. 

The elements were even with us in the celebration, as three 
more desirable days could not have been selected if the commit- 
tee had been given the entire calendar to choose from. 

It was a great disappointment to all who were present at the 
Re-Union, that Major J. B. Davis, of the 122d,who was severely 
wounded at Gulp's Hill, was unable to come on account of ill- 
ness. How sadly disappointed the Major was himself is told in 
his letter, we take great pleasure in publishing. 

Colonel John F. Glenn, of the 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
with about fifty of the survivors of the regiment with their wives, 
on Wednesday made a special tour of five hours over the battle- 
field, under the guidance of that popular and efficient guide, 



136 

Captain James T. Long, who gave them a general description of 
the three days' battle from three different points, namel}^, Ceme- 
ter}^ Hill, Round Top and the Bloody Angle. 

Among the visitors that we met in Gettysburg this week were 
H. Willis Bland, Esq., a well-known Reading lawj^er, and a mem- 
ber of the 82d Pennsylvania Regiment, and Mr. J. 0. Aitken, of 
Philadelphia. 

A partj^ of eight, belonging to the Re-Union visitors, met with 
an accident that might have been serious, on Wednesda}'' evening, 
while returning from a trip over the field. As the two-horse 
vehicle in which the}^ were seated arrived on the top of Baltimore 
Hill, the right hand spindle on the rear axle broke. Down went 
the conve3'ance, turning completely over, and throwing all the 
occupants out on the street. Strange to sa}", all escaped unhurt, 
with the exception of one, whose shoulder w^as painfully bruised. 
The latter was Comrade George Slaysman, a member of the 23d 
Pennsylvania Regiment. 

General Shaler and his party arrived here on Tuesday after- 
noon. He w^as accompanied by his wife, Colonel William DeC. 
Boughton, Major C. H. Tucker and Colonel John B. Woodruff, 
of New York ; Colonel John Oakej^ of Brooklyn, ex-District 
Attorne}^ of Kings Count}'; Colonel Samuel Truesdell and Samuel 
Truesdell, Jr., of Brooklyn ; Colonel G. W. Ford, Mrs. Matthew 
Shaler, Mrs. Colonel Jussen and Mrs. Fred Grow. On their wa}^ 
here the party spent Monday night at the Continental Hotel, in 
Philadelphia, and a member of the old brigade staff said to a 
reporter of the Times^ of that city : " We thought we would go 
up to Gettysburg a little 9,head of the twenty-fifth anniversary 
of the battle, which occurs next month, and have a little Re-Union 
before th^ crowd gets there. The Re-Union will take place on the 
field. There will be between forty and fifty thousand people at 
Gettysburg on the twenty-fifth anniversar}^ of the battle, and 
there wouldn't be much room for us to hold a Re-Union there on 
account of the crowds." 

After leaving Harrisburg, while on his way to Gettysburg, on 
Tuesda}^ with the survivors of Shaler's Brigade, Mr, George 



13t 

Doughert}^, of Philadelphia, a member of the 23d Pennsylvania 
Kegiment, met with a rather serious mishap. One of his com- 
rades tripped over a box in the lunch car, where there were no 
seats, and was thrown against a window, his elbow going through 
the glass. In his fall he also struck Mr. Dougherty, and the 
latter was thrown back against the broken glass, cutting an artery 
in the neighborhood of his collar bone. The profuse bleeding 
was stopped by compression, the injured man's comrades taking 
turns in holding their thumbs on the orifice with a compressed 
handkerchief. Dr. Roller, the old surgeon of the regiment, was 
on the train, and he telegraphed from one of the way stations to 
Dr. T. T. Tate, of this place, asking him to be in readiness on 
the arrival of the train. Dr. Tate did so, and took Mr. Dougherty 
Tinder his charge, administering the necessary surgical attention, 
the injured man was able to be out again on Wednesday. 

The Commissary Gang of the 23d Penns3'lvania Tohinteers, 
captured quite a squad of the 82d at the Vineyards. After crack- 
ing several botts of grape-juice, they were paroled and went on 
their way rejoicing. 

Professor William Malcolm, of Philadelphia, the minerologist, 
brought home several specimens for his cabinet. Prof. Sheely, 
of Gettj^sburg College, gave him an exhibition of his valuable 
collection. We tried bricks and cobble-stones on Male, bat he 
knew them on sight. 

The flag used to veil the 12 2d monument was one loaned for 
the occasion by Mrs. 0. Y. Tracy, who cherishes it as a valued 
relic of her lamented father. The flag was presented by the War 
Department to Hon Charles B. Sedgwick, then Onondaga's rep- 
Tesentative in Congress and Chairman of the Committee on Naval 
Affairs. Mrs. Tracy was also a cousin of our beloved commander, 
General John Sedgwick. 

Secretary William J. Wra}^, of Shaler's Brigade, is a courteous 
gentleman to whose efforts much of the Re-Union's success was 
due. He labored early and late in its interest, but not without 
Tesults that he may well feel proud of. He wa? presented, while 



138 

here, with a gold pin in the shape of a Sixth Corps badge, with 
the name of his regiment, the 23d Pennsylvania Yoiunteers, in- 
scribed thereon. 

The Camp-Fire was one of the happy events of the occasion.. 
The old Court House was never so crowded before with so many 
cheerful faces, made so by the laughable incidents and enjoy- 
ments of the talent dispensed, each of the commands contributing 
its best to entertain. 

The dedication was complete in all its details. The march to 
the ground in organization, the great crowds of townspeople in 
attendance, the historical and eloquent addresses at each of the 
monument dedications, 'with the other impressive and appropri- 
ate ceremonies, was the crowning feature of the celebration — 
highly creditable to the brigade. 

Captain Moses' contingent, of the 122d, came in from New 
York Cit}^ and Washington, and were a pleasant part}'' of ladies 
and gentlemen ; among the number being the Captain's mother- 
and Mr. Slauson, his business partner. 

The 23d Pennsylvania's hospitable supplies were inexhausti- 
ble ; lunch, cigars, etc., were continually passed through the 
train, going and returning, as well as at the Camp-Fir-e and its 
Ball. In fact, at all times the cry was, " Come and help 3^our- 
self," and if you didn't, the Commissary would help you. 

We met General Shaler, with the ladies of his party, at the 
Vineyards. The cold, unfermented wine was quite refreshing. 

The only regrets of the trip was the absence of th'e 1st Long 
Island. Maj^ the}^ so arrange as to join with us on all future 
occasions. 

John M. Huber, Esq., the druggist, of Gettysburg, was of 
A^aluable assistance in looking after many of the details on behalf 
of the brigade, for which we heartily thank him. His brother 
Frederick was killed in action, at Fair Oaks, while serving as- 
1st Sergeant, F Companj^, 23d Pennsylvania, being the first. 
Union soldier from Gettysburg killed in the war. 



139 

The thanks of the brigade are tendered the Rev. H. W. Mc- 
Knight, President of the Gettysburg College, for his services as 
Chaplain at the Dedications. He had the honor to serve in the 
139th Pennsylvania Volunteers — one of the old Sixth Corps 
regiments. 

The badges worn during the Re-Union were neat and appro- 
priate ; that of the survivors being red silken ribbon, with blue 
Greek cross, designating the old Third Division, which the Bri- 
gade served in, inscribed : " Survivors of the (each command 
having its own designation), Shaler's Brigade Re Union, Gett^^s- 
burg, 1863-1888." The friends' were of white silken ribbon, 
with the same inscription, with the words " Friends,^' in place of 
" Survivors." 

Gettysburg Battle-field we found so well preserved as to 
scarcely need the services of a guide, the Battle-field Association 
having laid out roads along the entire lines, with sign-boards 
denoting the positions. Over two hundred monuments have been 
erected on positions occupied by troops in the action. All are 
original works of art ; many of unique and beautiful design. 
One would think, who has never visited the field, that with all 
these monuments it would have the semblance of a graveyard. 
Far from it, as it takes miles of driving to get around to view 
them. 

Whitey Williams, of the 23d Pennsylvania " Commissary," 
found time with all his duties to act the Good Samaritan in con- 
veying Comrade Dougherty, who was injured on the train, to the 
hotel. By reason of the horses running away, he now wears a 
bran new pair of pants. 

Colonel John Oakey, of Brookhm, and Colonel George W. 
Ford, of Connecticut, were the most venerable veterans on the 
trip, and seemed to enjoy the occasion quite as well as did the 
"youngsters." 

The Penns3'lvania Railroad sent W. C. Drefenderfer, Esq., 
their representative, with the special from Philadelphia, with 
orders to remain with the party until their return — something 
unusual. So comforf and convenience was assured. 



140 

Secretary George Gilbert, of the 122d, worked hard, looking 
after the comfort of the '' Twosters," and was doubly repaid in 
the consolation that everybody was pleased. 

The Official Visitations to the Fields of the First, Second 
and Third Days was instructive ; graphically de&cribed in story of 
the action as well as in the many hundreds of monuments, mark- 
ing the positions occupied by the troops participating. The 
well-made roads, with the lines so distinctly marked, tells of the 
good work performed by the Battle-field Association, in the 
preservation of the Mecca of the War. 



To all those on the trip we congratulate, as to their presence, 
dignit}^, sociability and good behavior, which made our fir.st Re- 
Union such a grand success and so happy an event. 

Captain O'Brien, of the 82d Pennsylvania, with his two stal- 
wart sons, said the occasion was the happiest day of his life. He 
don't seem to have lost anj^ of the sunshine of life, "old as he is." 

Colonel William J. Wallace, of the 23d, is the same old Bill 
Wallace, of army days. He and his good wife took in all the 
enjo3^ments of the trip. 

The Fayetteville Recorder^ of New York, gave a ver}^ readable 
detail of the Re-Union, occupying several columns of their paper, 
during three weeklj^ editions. Brevet-Major A. W. Wilkin, the 
editor, was on the trip, enjoying himself, as well as taking notes 
of all that ,was going on. 

Dr. Knapp, of the 122d, after trying in vain to follow Captain 
Ostrander (who lost his leg in the Wilderness,) over the field, 
dubbed him the " One-legged antelope." 

The Birne}^ Zouave Statue that surmounts the 23d Penns3dvania 
Monument was designed by John Fergurson, the proprietor of 
the Philadelphia Granite Works. It was modeled in clay by 
John Walz, Esq., of Philadelphia, a pupil of Professor Wiley, 
late of the Academy of Fine Arts, of Philadelphia, and of Pro- 
fessor Mille}^, of Paris. It represents a youthful soldier of twenty 



141 

years of age — the average age of the men of the regiment in 1863. 
The designer and modeler are to be congratulated upon the artistic 
work and unique and appropriate position they have placed the 
figure. It is quite original ; showing the soldier grasping his 
piece from a trail arms — a realit}^ — just as he appeared when he 
suddenly received the fire of the enemy. 

George Dougherty's body guard from Kensington were a jolly 
set, and enjoyed the occasion very much. Our friend Sam Graves 
was of the party, and never tired tr^dng to make everybody 
happy. 

Colonel Buehler, of Gettysburg, the Yice President of the 
Battle-field Association, in very complimentary terms congratu- 
lated the Brigade visit as one of the most successful and pleasant 
that came to the old town. 

The boys of Corporal Skelly Post, Gettysburg, were around 
at all times, trying to make the visitors feel at home. The use 
of their comfortable Hall was tendered us should occasion re- 
quire, for which we return thanks. 

Stout, robust, hale, hearty and rosy cheeks, Levi Albertson 
of the 23d, worked and perspired in dealing around the ball-room 
the refreshments, and seemed to enjoy it ; imbued with the senti- 
ment of us all, always ready to assist in making everybody 
pleased. 

At the Dedication Grounds, nearl}^ ever3^body cut a cane, or 
picked up some relic to take home to present to friends for their 
cabinets, as souvenirs of the spot where the Brigade was engaged.. 

William Blanck, Sr., one of the oldest comrades of the 23d, 
was on the trip with his aged wife. We found them with us in 
all the occasions of the celebration, notwithstanding the fatigue 
of the journey. 

The 82d Pennsylvania Monument was the design and work- 
manship of John Fergurson, of Philadelphia. The bronze 
coat-of-arms of the State of Pennsylvania, on the 23d and 82d. 
monuments, was cast by Bureau Brothers, of Philadelphia. 



142 

Colonel Wallace and Bill Baker took charge of the distribution 
of the programs of the Ball. They say the next time they take 
charge of such work it will be by orders and not as volunteers, 
as they loQt nearly all their buttons in the desire to "just give 
me another one." 

We found both the Pennsylvania and New York Commission- 
ers in charge of the erection of monuments ; painstaking, exact- 
ing and true to their trusts — for which we add our commendation 
and congratulations. We take great pleasure in publishing their 
names. 

Pennsylvania Commissioners. 

General Jno. P. Taylor, General J. P. S. Gobin, Colonel John 
P. Nicholson, Colonel R. Bruce Ricketts, Major Samuel Harper. 

Neiv York Commissioners. 
General Daniel E. Sickles, General Henry W. Slocum, General 
Joseph B. Carr, General Charles A. Richardson, General Josiah 
Porter, General Charles K. Graham, Major George W. Cooney. 

Many of the comrades of the 23d visited the spot be3^ond the 
Tanej^town Road, in rear of the left centre, where Lieutenant 
Joshua Garsed, one of their most efficient and brave officers, 
was killed, during the action of July 3d. His brother, H. E. 
Garsed, Esq., of the 95th Penns3dvania, one of Philadelphia's 
attorneys, and his nephew, we found among the visitors. 

The police of Gettysburg were well pleased with the visitation, 
as during the celebration they had no occasion to carry an3'body 
off to the guard-house. We thank them for the police regula- 
tions at the Camp-Fire and Ball. 

A contingent of the Chasseurs, 65th New York, stopped at the 
Springs Hotel and enjoyed the medicinal waters of the celebrated 
Katasalyne Springs. We gave them a call on the visit to the 
first da3^'s action, and were warml}^ welcomed. 

THE SIXTH CORPS BADGE. 

The committee of arrangements for the Re-Union at Gettys- 
burg have prepared an elegant badge, to be worn b}^ the survivors 



143 

of the 122d Ngav York, and a separate badge for the friends who 
accompan}^ them. The blue Greek cross which then designated 
the division of the Sixth Corps to which the regiment was at- 
tached, forms a part of this badge. The frequent reorganizations 
made necessar^^ by the heav}' casualties of the campaigns under 
Grant, beginning in the Wilderness, while not separating the 
regiments originally comprising Shaler's Brigade, caused several 
changes in asignment to divisions ; and the 122d was at different 
times attached to the First, Second and Third Divisions of the 
Sixth Corps, with corresponding changes in the color of the 
division cross. A " Twoster" can, therefore, sport a red, white 
or blue cross, as he pleases. His regiment never dishonored 
either of the colors and carried itself with honor in all the 
prominent engagements in which the Army of the Potomac par- 
ticipated, from Antietam to Appomattox, and in addition to 
these it bore a prominent part in the glories of the Yalle}^ Cam- 
paign under Sheridan, in '64, winning laurels at "Fort Stevens," 
^'Winchester," "Fisher's Hill" and "Cedar Creek." 

Tipton, the Gettysburg photographer, ver}^ kindly furnished 
gratis the photos of the several cuts in this book. He sa3''s he 
couldn't think of making any charge for anything needed in the 
publication. . 

Nick Wilson, the Superintendent of the battle-field grounds, we 
found to be a genial gentleman, ready to accommodate at all 
times. He wears the blue cross with pride, having served in the 
Third Division of the 6th Corps. 

General Shaler brought with him, in honor of the Re-Union, 
the old Brigade Headquarters flag. Comrade William McEntee, 
of the 65th New York, took charge of it, carrjang it on all the 
occasions of the celebration. Mac felt highl}^ honored in the 
selection, and well he might be, as the old standard led the Bri- 
gade in all its service. 

Samm}^ McPheeters, of the 122d, on their wa}' from S3a'acuse, 
found the night air so chilly, after getting into Pennsylvania, 
that he proposed to get out and make a fire of fence-rails. Thanks 
to somebody, the stoves were found to be fully supplied with fuel, 



144 

and soon the cars were made comfortable- So Sammy didn't gc 
fence-railing. 

Captain R. H. Moses, of New York City, who has acted a» 
the representative of the 122d on the committee of arrangements 
for the Brigade Re-Union, has ^devoted much time to the affair, 
and- is to be congratulated by his comrades for tha successful 
result. His interest in the old regiment, and all that concerns it^ 
seems to increase with the advance of time. We are greatly 
indebted to him for information furnished from time to time in 
the preparation of the Yeterans Column. 
ft 

The mothers, daughters and other fellers sisters on the trip 
added tone and dignity to the occasion ; so we couldn't help but 
be on our very best behaviour. 

Colonel Glenn's party, consisting of his wife, two daughters — 
Miss M. E. and Miss H. M. Glenn — Mrs. Bowers, Mrs. Swartz^ 
John Fox and wife, Jno. Woodhead and wife, George Boger and 
wife, Alex. Colville and wife, Lambert Cline and wife, Conrad 
Cline and wife, Samuel Collins and wife, Jno. Callahan and wife, 
Jos. Jordan and wife, Harry Claytonand wife, Daniel Engleman 
and wife, James Weldon and wife, Samuel Cavin, Jos. Bartley, 
J. C. Aitkin, 0- C. Aitkin and Professor McMichael, were a most 
social crowd, adding much to the pleasures of the occasion. 

Little Johnnie Johnston's Brigade, from Philadelphia, was 
with us in force, in light infantry order. The heavies were left 
back to guard the homestead. 

Captain Dick Lippincott marshalled the Rancocas contingent 
of fourteen. They roomed together, a most social crowd. We 
found the squad wherever we went, enjoying the occasion. Dick 
says he will have to kill some of them off, or they will soon out- 
number the survivors. 

Joe White, of the 23d, joined the column at Gettysburg, with 
his wife and daughter — Miss Laura, R. Frank Walker, wife and 
son, Chas. W. Gibson, wife and daughter — Miss Pauline, James 
C. Milliken, wife and son— Clayland, all of Eastern Maryland ; 



145 

so Marjiand, "My Maryland" was represented with a very pleas- 
ant party of our friends. They stopped over to greet the Maryland 
veterans who were to dedicate tablets. 

Comrade Redheffer, of the 82d, had been prevailed upon, by 
one of the j^oung lad}' attaches of the City Hotel, to act as her 
escort to th*^ Ball. While he was temporarily absent, arranging 
his curly locks and making his toilet, Captain Williams (82d), 
having previous!}' learned of these intentions, ingratiated him- 
self into the good graces of the aforesaid 3'oung lady, and easily 
persuaded her to cut,the " Corporal" and accept the " Captain" 
as her escort. When Redheffer, in full feather, returned, and 
learned what had been done in his absence, he was a little put 
out at the disappointment, but solaced himself with the old adage 
of there being " as good fish in the sea as ever were caught." 
Being apprised that "Grand P.op" Cochrane had promised to do 
the agreeable for two other of the 3^oung ladies of the hotel, Bill 
not wanting to be left out in the cold entirel}- , called upon the 
young ladies in question and informed them that Dick would not 
be able to chaperon them, and, in his usual suave and persuasive 
manner, induced them to permit him to do the honors ; to which 
the ladies gladly and willingly assented, and the " Corporal" as- 
tonished the boys of the 82d by marching into the ball-room, 
escorting the two young ladies. Poor Dick, when he learned of 
the trick that bad been so successfully played on him, vowed 
vengeance on the destroyer of his happiness. He rushed to the 
Rink, resolved to spill the Corporal's gore. He entered the ball- 
room, with blood in his eyes ; but, at the sight of so much beaut}'', 
he became completely dazzled, and in a few moments he was 
waltzing around the room with one of the City belles, entirely 
oblivious to all, and seemingly very happy with himself. But 
Dick declares that the next time he makes an engagement to act 
as escort to a young lady, he will have the Corporal muzzled. 

The popular Adjutant of the 23d, Thomas K. Boggs,by reason 
of a severe wound received in action, is now an invalid. His 
physician would not permit him to attend the Re-Union, but he 
was with us in contribution and spirit. Many inquiries were 
made for him by the boys. 
10 



146 

To all the survivors of the Brigade who were unable to be 
with us on the trip, we send hearty greetings, and hope they will 
answer roll-call at the next Re-Union. 

The t3»pographical work of this book is from the press-rooms 
of William W. Mayberry, a veteran of the 90th Pennsylvania 
"Volunteers. It was he that made us laugh so heartih^ at his 
"Sneezing'" and "Insect" songs, at the Camp-Fire. 

The Brigade Committee issued a card program, to conveniently 
carr}^ in the vest pocket, containing the hour of each of the 
many ceremonies of the Re-Union. We found it quite handy ; 
saving the annoj^ance of hunting up the Committee, to learn 
''what next?" 

Secretary Krauth, of the Battle-field Association, very kindly 
secured from the town authorities the use of the Court House, 
for the Camp-Fire. This gentleman we found ready and willing 
at all times to assist, and we thank him for his man}" attentions. 

The newspapers gave very extended notices of our Brigade 
celebration, for which we cordially thank them. 

Dr. Roller, of Hollidaysburg, don't seem to age fast. From 
Surgeon of the 23d he became one of the distinguished of his 
] profession in the Army of the Potomac. He met many on the 
trip whom he attended their wounds on the field. The boys were 
glad to greet him. 

Colonel Sam Truesdell, Secretary of the 65th, with his artificial 
leg, managed to get around to participate jn all the events of the 
occasion, although he had to talk in whispers — the result of a 
severe cold contracted on the trip. 

The old Colonel of the 122d, Colonel Silas Titus, we found 
with his old command, looking hale and hearty for one so aged. 
May he live for many, many more years and enjoy the pleasures 
of life. 

The Complimentary Ball of the 23d was a pleasing ending of 
the festivities of the Re-Union ; giving the opportunitj^ of all 



147 

miDgling in the pleasures of youthful time, which was indeed 
very much enjoyed by the* Brigade people, as well as those of 
Gettysburg's invited. 

The hospitality extended by all the commands made everybody 
feel at home, and it was the expression from all that in the near 
future the Brigade should hold another Re-Union. 

Groups of the survivors around the monuments and other 
points on the field were taken by the photographers, Tipton and 
Mumford, of Gettysburg, Rile & Co., of Philadelphia. 

Shaler's Brigade monuments are on the top of slope at Gulp's 
Hill, in rear of the line of works they occupied during the action 
of the morning of the third day. The Battle-field Association, 
in arranging the positions, laid out brigade lines. Green's Bri- 
gade, Twelfth Corps, who built and originally occupied the works, 
are placed immediatel}^ in rear of the front line. Twenty feet 
back is Canby's Brigade line, who relieved them, and twenty feet 
further back is Shaler's, with the exception of the i22d New 
York, who occupy a large boulder in the works — they having 
secured a deed for the position before that portion of the line 
was purchased by the Association. 

Of the fort}^ survivors of the 122d New York Volunteers 
present, three had each lost a leg, three each an arm, and a num-' 
ber of the others bore honorable scars. 

The audience at the Camp-Fire were very enthusiastic, catch- 
ing on quickl}^ to all that was good. It was, indeed, quite an 
honor to preside over such an assembly, so full of distinction, 
intelligence and appreciation. 

What stalwart fellows were the 12 2d New York. It must be 
a fine growing country up in Onondaga Count}^ ; we shook hands 
with several of the boys over six feet. Poole, Gilbert and Hubbs, 
as a combine, would weigh as much as the gallant chargers at 
Balakava numbered. 

Syracuse was well represented in all that assisted in making 



148 

the Re-Union a success. Strong in numbers, sociability, elo- 
quence and deportment. 

For the compilation of this book and the other honors bestowed 
upon the Secretary, he gratefull}^ returns his thanks to the Bri- 
gade Association. 

Mr. W. C. Diefenderfer, of Philadelphia, who was detailed as 
the representative of the Pennsylvania Railroad Passenger De- 
partment for the round trip, was indefatigable in making all the 
railway arrangements as comfortable as possible. We found him 
quite a pleasant gentleman, who seemed to enjoy the trip. 

Captain Thomas McKean, of the 82d, came on from Brooklyuj. 
and was warmly welcomed by his old comrades, whom he had 
not met since the muster-out. Although nearly half a centennial 
since he was born, he don't seem to have passed the thirties. 

The following are the crews that safely carried our Special 
from Philadelphia to Gettysburg and return, and we shake them 
warmly by the hand. 

Pennsylvania Railroad — To Harrisburg. 

Conductor — Jas. Sterling. Bag gage- Master — Jno. M. Murphy^ 
Brakemen — Frank Frenip, Hayes Speakman. Engineer — B. F. 
Kennedy. Fireman — Jno. Cline. 

Cumberland Yalley — Harrisburg to Gettysburg. 

Conductor — E. N. Linthurst. Brakeman — Lindsay Reed.. 
Baggage-Master, — Jos. Poulton. Engineer — J. L.Talhelm. Fire- 
man — A. Talhelm. 

On the home trip we came through from Harrisburg to Phila- 
delphia, without a stop, forty-five minutes ahead of time, in 
charge of 

Engineer — Samuel Lilly. Fireman — M. Kirk. Conductor — 
C. W. Rowan. Brakemen — Jas. Thatcher and Geo. Peterson. 

Colonel Glenn, of the 23d, said he intended the trip should be 
the best one of his life. Now he's happy, as he not only got his 



149 

^ish, but succeeded in making everybody have a share in just 
such a claim. 

Twenty-Third Pennsylvania Yolunteers. 

The Survivors' Association, on Tuesday evening last, were 
presented with marks of appreciation of their hospitality during 
their Brigade Gettysburg Re-Union, from the Brigade Commit- 
tee, the 82d Pennsylvania, 65th New York and 122d New York. 
As hosts of the occasion, the}' were glad to know how well every- 
body was pleased. 

General Alexander Shaler, Chairman of the Brigade Commit- 
tee, wrote a very complimentary letter of thanks in behalf of 
the Committee of Arrangements. The next in order was the 
reading of a resolution of thanks from the 82d Pennsylvania 
Yolunteers' Association. A letter from the 65th New York was 
very expressive of thanks, ending with "God bless the old 23d." 
The next in order was a handsomel}^ framed group of the 122d 
New York survivors, who were present at Gettysburg, accom- 
panied with an elaborate engrossed framed letter of resolutions. 

Then followed the presentation of testimonials to Comrades 
Wm. H. Bantom, Gott Staiger, Cranmer Williams, Geo. Doughert}^ 
of the "Commissary Department," and Captain Jas. M. Craig, of 
Allegheny City, who worked hard to make the Re-Union a success* 
The gifts were gold badges, in circular form, embracing the Sixth 
Corps mark," red enamel in centre, with the words " 23d P. Y." 
on the top scroll and *' '63 — Gettysburg — '88" on the lower, with 
their names on the reverse side. Colonel John F. Glenn, the 
President of their Association, was then presented with a gold 
Sixth Corps badge, in two colors, red and blue, representing the 
two divisions which the regiment had served in, and having in 
the centre a diamond of the first water, flanked with the words 
*'23d P. Y.;" on the reverse side was inscribed : "From the boys 
of the 23d P. Y., to Col. Jno. F. Glenn." The presentation 
speeches were made b\^ Secretary Wray and were feelingly 
responded to by the recipients. At the close of the meeting all 
hands, upon the invitation of Comrade Bantom, adjourned to 
Ms home and were handsomely entertained. 

While the Sixth Corps at Gettj^sburg were on the reserve, 
they were close up to the front line in support. We found the 



150 

Greek crc^ss scattered pretty well around the line ; out at the 
extreme right and left, the left centre, to right of Little Round 
Top, Gulp's Hill and Cemetery Hill ; all under fire, ready to go 
in as opportunit}^ offered. 

Meade's headquarters we found to have been changed in ap- 
pearance, but learned the Battle-field Association had purchased 
the old house and would restore it to its original looks. Thanks 
for their consideration. 

Johnnj^ Doyle, with his squad of Pittsburg friends, stopped 
at the McClellan House, remaining over to take in the dedica- 
tions, and then took a flyer to New York, on matters connected 
with the next Presidenc}^ of the Nation. 

The 82d brought with them one of their old drummer boys, 
R. T. Blaikie, Point of Rocks, Pa., who gave us all the Army 
calls en route on the train. When George Blanck, of the 23d,. 
heard the sheepskin sounding, he couldn't resist from being the 
boy again, and joined the corps at once, full of his mischievous 
pranks. 

The Grand March, " Guard the Flag," played at the 23d Ball 
and Reception, was presented by the composer, George Yickers, 
Esq., of Philadelphia, with his compliments. 

Comrade McAlpin, of the 65th New York, came all the way 
from Providencjs, Rhode Island, to have a shake hands with the 
"Chasseurs." 

Matt Spence, of the 23d, from Brookl^m, with his son, from 
New York City, joined the pilgrims on the morning of departure, 
at Philadelphia. He was heartily greeted by the boys of C 
Company, whom he had not met since muster-out. 

On the evening of the 13th, while Comrade Dilks was enter- 
taining the lady guests of the 82d with his witticisms and hon 
mots, in the parlor of the City Hotel, Comrade Redhefl*er bribed 
a colored boy, by paying him twenty-five cents, to go to Dilks, 
take him by the arm and say, " Pop, Mom wants you to com& 



151 

home, right away." This broke Dilks all up, and the ladies 
roared with laughter. Dilks was not long in recovering his usual 
equilibrium, and he told the boy to go home and tell Mom " I'll 
be home soon." 

After this, whenever the ladies met Dilks, they would inquire 
after his son. This would cause him to' seek the refreshment 
counter for solace ; this was repeated so often that Dilksie was 
soon overcome b}^ the " heat," and had to be put to bed to re- 
cover from the effects thereof. 

Frank, of l^the 23d Commissar}^ Department, in his stump 
speech at the Rink Building, after speaking of the heaA^y mortars 
of Betz's best, Gibson's light batteries and grape and cannister 
of Duffy's Pure Malt, exclaimed : " Talk about 3'our engagements 
at de first Gett3^sburg. Why, it was nothing to compare when 
de batteries were opened at de Ball ; for after de fight were over 
dare programs were full of engagements. Many, many fell. The 
fire was so hot that the best of dem had to take water." 

Matthews, of the 82d, is now one of the Yankees, residing at 
New Haven, Connecticut. He was accompanied by his son, and 
was warmly greeted by his old comrades. 

James Tate, the celebrated detective of Philadelphia, served 
with honor in the 23d P. Y. He was on the trip, and took good 
care that none of the crooked people were on the train to work 
the pilgrims. 

John Henderson, Geo. Boyer and William Bartley, with the 
stalwart policeman of the train, were a good team in charge of 
the door at the Ball. 

While the hotels, with the numerous boarding-houses at Gettys- 
burg, manage to provide quarters for all who visit the battle-field, 
would it not pay for the Pennsylvania Railroad or some other 
enterprising companj^ to erect a first-class hotel, for the accom- 
modation of four or five hundred guests. Why not the citizens 
of the old town size up to the occasion. The report shows the 
visitations are larger each year. 



APPENDIX-C 



NAME AND ADDRESS OF THOSE ON THE TRIP. 



Note. — Those marked with 

Figure 1 indicate Friends of Headquarters. 
" 2 " " " 23d Pa. Vols. 

" 3 " " " 82dPa. Vols. 

" 4 " " " 65th N. Y. Vols. 

" 5 " " " 122d N. Y. Vols. 



Amidon, Geo., 122d N. Y., Onondaga, K Y. 
Albertson. Levi B., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Arment, Wm. H., 82d P Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Aitken, J. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Aitken, O. C, 
'Atwood, W., " " 

B. 

^Boughton, Wm. DeL., Colonel Brigade Staff, New Y'ork City. 
^Boughton, Mrs. Colonel, New York Cit3\ 
^Brooks, Wm., Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Blackburn, Peter, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bantom, Wm. H., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Boger, Geo., 88th P. Y., 
^Bartley, Jos., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bartley, Wm., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Bean, Lewis, Manayimk, Pa. 

Boreland, J. W., 23*d P. Y., East Brady, Pa. 



153 

^Blair, Frank, P., 61st P. Y., Pittsburg, Pa. 
'Blair, Mrs. Frank P., " " 

Bierger, Philip, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Brower, P. H., 65th N. Y., New York City. 

Blanck, Wm., Sr., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Blanck, Sr., Mrs. Wm., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Blanck, Geo., 23<i P. Y., Camden, N. J. 
'Blanck, Edward, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Binaham,B. F., 122d N. Y., Washington, D. C. 

Beach, And. W., 122d K Y., Marcellus,N. Y. 

Butler, James, 122d N. Y., Syracuse, K Y. 

Brand, H. C, 122d N. Y.. Stiles' Station, N. Y. 
^Bodder, Mrs. Martha J., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Bean Lewis, Manayunk., Pa. 

Bland, Lieutenant H. Willis, 82d P. Y., Reading, Pa. 

Bird, Wm., 82d P. Y., Hampton, Ya. 

Boswell, Chas. A., Color Sergeant 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Blaikie, R. T., 82d P. Y., Picture Rocks, Pa. 
'Buckle}^, Mr., 69th P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Burger, Abraham M., 23d P. Y., York, Pa. 

Baker, Wm. J., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
"Barker, James, Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Bennett, Geo., Philadelphia, Pa. 

c: 

Craig, Captain Jas. M., 23d P. Y. Alleghen}^ Citj-, Pa. 
^Craig, Mrs. Captain, 



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^Craig, Miss Annie B 
'Craig, Master Edward A., 
^Carpenter, Miss, New York City. 
^Cooper, H. R., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Cossitt, Major Davis, 122d N.Y., Onondaga, N. Y. 
^Cossitt, Mrs. Major, " " 

Chase, Amasa, Color Sergeant, 122d N. Y., Fayetteville, N. Y. 

Crampton, Jas., 122d N. Y., Cicero, N. Y. 

Cochran, Richard, 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Colville, David, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Colville, Alexander, " " 



'Colville, Mrs. Alexander 


il. 


u 


'Cline, Lambert, 


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'Cline, Mrs. Lambert, 


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'^Cline, Conrad, 


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^Cline, Mrs. Conrad, 


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^Collins, Samuel, 


a 


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^Collins, Mrs. Samuel, 


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-Callahan, John, 


11 


a 



154 



^Callahan, Mrs. John, Philadelphia, Pa. 

^Clayton, JTarry, " " 

"Clayton, Mrs. Harry, " " 

^Cavin, Samuel, " " 

Chadwick, Thos. I., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

-Chadw ck, Mrs. Thos. I., " " 

Culbertson, E. A., 23d P. Y., " '* 

Corn, Lawrence, 23d P. Y., " " 

D. 

Dilks, Lieutenant Wm. H., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dougherty, Geo., 23d P. Y., 

Doyle, John, 23d P. Y., Pittsburg, Pa. 
^Demi}^, I'atrick, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dunn, Chris. C, 82d P. Y., Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa.. 
^Dunn, Master James, " " " 

Davis, Lewis, 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

E. 

Eldridge, Charles, 122d N. Y., New York City. 
"Engle, Ezra,^Masonville, N. J. 
-Engleman, Daniel, Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Kngleman, Mrs. Daniel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Elliott, Robert, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Eiseman, M., " 

Engel, Lewis, 82d P. Y., " " 



^Eord, Col. Geo. W., Brigade Quartermaster, Kensington, Conn.. 

"Fitzgerald, John, Philadelphia, Pa. 

^Fox, John, " 

^Fox, Mrs. John, " " 

Finley, William, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Friant, M. B., Rancocas, N.J. 
-Funk, Charles, " 

Fite, John F., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Feger, Jos. M., , " " 

Freeman, H. C, 65th N. Y., New York. 



G. 

Glenn, Colonel John F., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Glenn, Mrs. Colonel, 
Glenn, Miss M. E., 
Glenn, Miss H. M., 

Garsed, H. E., 95th P. Y., (brother of Lieutenant Garsed, 23dj 
P. Y.,) Philadelphia, Pa. 



^Glenn, Miss M. E., " " 

2 



155 



^Gillespie, Wm., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Grieves, F. Samuel, " " 



"Gillingham, B. H., Morristown, N. J. 

Green, William, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
"Green, Joseph, " " 

^Grow, Mrs. Fred. C, (niece of General Shaler,) New York City. 
"Grier, Samuel C, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Gibson John, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gardiner, John, 23d P. Y., Frankford, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Gibson, Chas. W., Easton, Md. 
^Gibson, Mrs. Chas. W., Easton, Md. 
-Gibson, Miss Pauline, " " 

^Gaj'lord Miss, Washington, D. C. 

Gere, Colonel Jas. M., 122d N. Y., Syracuse, K Y. 

Goodfellow, Stephen, 122d N. Y., Belle Isle, K Y. 

Gilbert, Captain George H., 122d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Gilbert, Mrs. Geo. H., " " 

Girton, Wm. A., 82d P. Y., Bristol, Pa. 
^Girton, Mrs. Wm. A., " " 

^Gripp, John, Pittsburg, Pa. 

H. 

Hubbs, Alex. H., 122d N. Y., Syracuse, ?s\ Y. 

Hilsee, Robert, 28d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hasson, John, " " 

Henderson, John, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Hansell, Wilmot, 
^Hansen, George, '72d P. Y., 
=^Hansell, Edwin, 

Hazlett, John, 23d P. Y., 

Huber, Chas. F., 23d P. Y., 
=^Hughes, Thos. J., 

Hawkins, Lieutenant Jno. T., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Hawkins, Mrs. Lieutenant, " " 

^Hungerford, Mrs.-, Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Heintz, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 
"Heintz, Mrs. E. A., " " 

I. 

Ivers, Captain Albert, 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa, 
^I vers, Mrs. Captain, 
^Ivers, Master Lewis, 
^Ivers, Little Miss Yiolet May, 

J. 

Johnson, Jno. R., Captain and Aid-de-Camp to General Shaler,. 
23d P. Y., Cleveland, O. 



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a 


(( 



a 




u 




11 




a 




a 




a 




u 




a 





156 

^Johnson, Mrs. Captain, Cleveland, 0. 

^Jussen, Mrs. Colonel Carl, (daughter of General Shaler,) New 

York City. 
Johnston, John G., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Johnston, Mrs. John G., " " 

^Johnston, Master Walter, 
-Johnston, Master Nathan, 
^Johnston, Master Harry, 
^Johnston, Little Miss Rebecca, 
^Jordan, Joseph, 
^Jordan, Mrs. Joseph, 
^Johns, William, 
^Jay, Frank, 
^Janney, Master Richard, (nephew of Lieutenant Garsed, 23d P. 

Y.,) Roxborough, Philadelphia, Pa. 

K. 

Knapp, Dr. E. A., Surgeon 122d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Knapp, Mrs. Charles, " " 

Kelly, John, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kennen, Chas., 82d P. Y., " " 

^Kennen, Mrs. Chas., " " 

L. 

Lippincott, Richard R., 23d and filst P. Y., Rancocas, N. J. 

Landenberger, Drum Major 23d P. Y., Perkasie, Pa. 
"Lundy, Jos., Rancocas, N. J. 
^Lippincott, Wm. P., Hartford, N. J. 

Lapp, John, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Linton, John H., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Linton, Mrs. Jno. H., " " 

Lawrence, Jno. G., 82d P. Y., " " 

Lathrop, Chas. G., 122d N. Y., Onondaga, N. Y. 

Lamphier, Chas. R., 122d N. Y., Elbridge, N. Y. 

Lockwood, Calvin, 122d N. Y., Stiles Station, N. Y. 
^Loomis, N. E., Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Loomis, J. L., Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Loomis, Mrs. J. L., " " . 

M. 

Moses, Captain Rob't. H., 122d N. Y., New York City. 
^Moses, B., Washington, D. C. 
.^Moses, Mrs. Guy, " " 

Moses, Captain Lucius, 122d N. Y., Marcellus, N. Y. 

Munro, Jr., Captain D. A., 122d N. Y., Camillus, N. Y. 
unro, Mrs. D. A., " " 



157 

Morris, W. H., 122d N. Y., New York. 
"Mathews, C. H., New Haven, Ct. 

Mathews, J. L., 82d P. Y., New Haven, Ct. 
^Meeker, Mrs. Stephen B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Morris, Jno. G., 82d P. Y., Manayunk, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Morris, Mrs. Jno. G., " " '* 

Morris, Wm. H., 122d N. Y., Porape}^, N. Y. 
-Malcolm, Wm., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Miller, Wm. H., 23d P. Y., Henry Clay, Del. 
-Murphy, Michael, Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Martin, Emlin, Rancocas, N. J. 

Moffitt, John, 23d P. Y., Pittsburg, Pa. 
^Moffitt, Mrs. John, " " 

^Murphy, P. J., " " 

Maxwell, Captain John, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

-Miller, Wm., (grandson of Colonel Wallace,) Philadelphia, Pa. 

-Maguire. Chas., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Milford, Wm. M., 23d P. Y., Frankford, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Milford, Miss Hattie, '' " " 

-Milford, Archy, Frankford, Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Mayberry, Wm. W., 90th P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Millikin, Jas. C, Easton, Md. 
^\Iillikin,Mrs. Jas. C, " " 

^Millikin, Clayland, " " 

Murphy, John J., 82d P. Y., Hampton, Ya. 

Mc. 

"McMichael, Prof. Lemuel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

McKean, Captain Thos. C, 82d P. Y., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
^McLaughlin, Frank, Philadelphia, Pa. 

McCoy, Harry, 23d P. Y., " " 

-McGrath, Edward, " " 

McKenna, James, 23d P. Y., Pittsburg, Pa. 
-McCleary,'Wm., " " 

McKinney, Joseph, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia,Pa. 
^McKinnej^, Mrs. Jos., " '' 

McEntee, Sergeant, 65th N. Y., New York. 

McAlpin, Sergeant I., 65th N. Y., Pawtucket, R. L 

McGinnis, Jas., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, P.a. 

McClelland, Richard, 23d P. Y., Wilmington, Del. 
^McClelland, Mrs. Richard, " " 

^McMillan, Robert, Philadelphia, Pa. 

McPheeters, Sam'l, 122dN. Y., Minneapolis, Minn. 

McArthur, George, ]22d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 

N. 
^Nicholson, William, Philadelphia, Pa. 



158 

O. 

^Oake}^, Colonel John, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

O'Brien, Captain John T.,82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^O'Brien, Jr., Jno. T., 
^O'Brien, Ed. J., " " 

Ostrander, Captain Chas. W., 122d N". Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Ostrander, Mrs. Capt., " " 

P. 

Patrick, Captain Rob't W., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
=^Paynter, Thos. A., " " 

Peile, Frank C, 23d P. Y., • " . ^' 

Purnell, John H., 23d P. Y., Allegheny City, Pa. 
^^Purnell, A. Y., " 

Park, Wm., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Paddock, James, Camillus, I'^. Y. 
^Pomeroy, Byron E., 193d N. Y., Otisco, N. Y. 
Poole, Major Theo. L., 122d N. Y.. Syracuse, N. Y. 

R. 

Roller, Dr. Wm. C, Surgeon 23d P. Y., Hollidaysburg, Pa. 
-Roller, Master A. K., Hollida3^sburg, Pa. 

Ryan, Captain Martin, 122d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Rich, C. L., 122d N. Y., Marcellus, N. Y. 

Richards, Isaac, 122d N. Y., " " 

'Rich, E. D., Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Reeves, Walter, Moorestown, N. J. 

Robinson, James, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Rile J. L " " 

Rudolph, Captain J. S., 82d P. Y., " " 

^Rinear, Master Wm. W., Paulsboro, N. J. 

Redherter, Wm. H., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Redheffer, Master Wm. H., " " 

Rodeback, Solomon, 82d P. Y., " " 



Shaler, Alex., General Commanding Brigade, New York City. 
'Shaler, Mrs. General, . u u 

^Shaler, Ira A., (son of the General), " " 

^Shaler, Miss Mattie W., (daughter of the General), " " 

^Stevens, Mrs., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Slaysman, Geo. L., 26d P. Y., Pittsburg, Pa. 
"Stevens, Yincent, " " 

Smallwood, Chas. E., 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Stokly, Joseph, 23d P. Y., Eddj^tone, Pa. 
-Stokly, Miss Elizabeth, *' " 



159 

Staiger, Gottlieb, 23cl P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Spence, James, 23d P. Y., " " 

^Sailor, Wm., " " 

Spence, Matthew, 23d P. Y., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
^Spence, Lewis J., " " 

Sensenderfer, Jas. A., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Stafford, William, Manayunk, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Stafford, Mrs. Wm., " " " 

^Slauson, A. M,, New York City. 
^Slauson, Mrs. A. M., " " 

^Slauson, Miss, '* " 

^Slauson, Miss Nellie, " " * 

^Smith, Silas R., Homer, N. Y. 

Smith, Albert R., 122d N. Y., Homer, N. Y. 

Smith. Merrick, 122d N. Y., Tiffin, 0. 

Stewart, Charles, 122d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Sharp, Benj. W., " " Ithaca, " 

Sherick, Jno., 23 P. Y., Washington Borough, Pa. 
-Swartz, Mrs., Phila. 

T. 

Titus, Silas, Col. ]22d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Tracy, O. Y., Bvt. Lieut -Col., 122d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 
''Tracy, Mrs. Col., Syracuse, N. Y. 
^Trac3% Charles Sedgwick, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Thompson, Wm., 122d N. Y., Homer, N. Y. 
Tate, James, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Tustin, Isaac, 23d P. Y., " " 

^Tucker, Cummings H., New York City. 
^Tucker Mrs. " " 

-Taylor,' Harry B., '72d P. Y , Philadelphia, Pa. 
^^Thorn, H. St. Clair, " " 

^Thorn, Mrs. H. St. Clair, " "■ 

Tate, Hu^h, 23d P. Y., Phoenixville, Pa. 
Trnesdeli; Samuel, Col. 65th N. Y., N. Y. 
*Truesdell, Samuel, Jr., " 

W. 

Wetherill, John M., Lieutenant-Colonel 82d P. Y., Pottsville, Pa. 

Wallace, Wm. J., Lieutenant-Colonel 23d P.Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Wallace, Mrs. Colonel, Philadelphia, Pa. 
'Walz, John W., u u 

Williams, Cranmer, 23d P. Y., " " 

"Wills, Alfred, Rancocas, N. J. 
"Wills, Joseph, " " 

^Wilson, J. B., " " 

^Woodhead, John, Philadelphia, Pa. 



160 

^Woodhead, Mrs. John, Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Weldon, James, '^ " 

'Weldon, Mrs. James, " 

Wray, William J., 23d P. Y., " 
'Wray, Miss Emma I., " " 

-Willsey, Robert A., " " 

'Woodruff, Coloiiel John B., New York City. 
'Woodruff, Mrs. Colonel, 
'Wageman, Mr., " " 

Wells, John, 23d P. Y., Hancocas, N. J. 

White, Jos. H., 23d P. Y., Easton, Md. 
^White, Mrs. Jos, H., ^' " 

-White, Miss Laura Y., " " 

-Westcott, John, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Walker, R. Frank, 
-Walker, Mrs. R. Frank, " " 

-Walker, Master Robert, " " 

Williams. Captain Chas., 82d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa 

White, Wm. A., 82d P. Y., " 

^'White, Mrs. Wm. A., '**" 

White, Alexander, 82d P. Y., " 

Waterhouse, Captain Geo. W., 82d P. Y., " 
^Waterhouse, Mrs. Captain, " 

^'Waterhouse, Charles W., 88d P. Y., " 



u 



'Waterhouse, Mrs. Chas., 

Weaver, Caius A., 122d N. Y., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Wilkins, Capt. A. W., 122d N. Y., Faj^etteville, N.Y. 

'Wilson, P. M. New York City. 

'Wilson, Mrs. P. M., New York City. 



Young, John, 23d P. Y., Philadelphia, Pa. 
-Young, Mrs. John, " " 

^Young, William, " " 

-Young, James, Pittsburg, Pa. 




MAY WE ALL MEET AGAIN IN THE NEAR FUTURE. 



APPENDIX- D. 



NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF ALL KNOWN SURYI- 
YORS OF SHALER'S BRIGADE. 

2-6d PENN'A. VOLS. (Birney's Zouaves). Field and Staff. 

Note. — Those marked * were of the 3 months term of Reoiment. 



Glenn, John F., Phila., Pa. 
Wallace, Wm. J., '' " 
Roller,W. C, Hollidaysb'g, Pa. 
Boggs, Thos. K., N. Y. City. 
Shinn, Rev. Jas. G., Atlantic 

City, N. J. 
Paris, B. Frank., Phila., Pa. 
Maguigan, Frank. " " 
Albertson, Wm. H., " " 

Co. 

Caldwell, Jas., Phila., Pa. 

Stengle, Philip, '' '' 

Huber, Chas. F., " " 

Metcalf, J. H., ^' " 

Selkirk,* Robt., " " 

Bateman, J. H., " " 

Blank,* Wm Jr.," " 

Govitt, L. W.,* " " 

Murray, Chas., " " 

Sexton, Jno. E., " " 

Shutreter, Wm., " " 

Patton, John, " " 

Tustin, Isaac, " " 

North,* G. W., " '' 

Wilt, A. S., " " 

Brighton, E. H., ^' " 
11 



Landenberger, L., Perkasie, Pa. 
Freeman, John, Phila., Pa. 
Bnch, John, " " 

Cobbin, Thos., '' " 
Roth, John, Phila., Pa. 
Rothenberger, C, Reading, Pa. 
Wagoner, John, Reading, Pa. 
Nicholson, Jas., Camden, N. J. 

"A." 

McGrau, Michl, Phila., Pa. 
Bartle}^ Wm., ' '' " 
Branson, E. R., '• " 
McGrau, John, Hampton, Ya. 
McCormack, M., Phila., Pa. 
Hilton, Wm F., Hartford Ct. 
Tobin, Francis, Phila., Pa. 
Speakman, L.J., Coatesville, Pa. 
Havens, Jos., Phila.. Pa. 
Quigley, Wm J., Merced, Cal. 
Patterson, Jas., Phila., Pa. 
Martin, Jas., Burlington, N. J. 
Williams, Wm., Phila., Pa. 
Garson, Louis F., Denver, Col. 
Foster, W. B., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Paterson, Hugh, Phila., [*a. 



162 



Co. '' B. 



Hillebrand, L., l*liila., Va. 
Peddle, W. R, Wash , D. C. 
Crease, Harry, Phila. Pa. 
Connolly, Frank A., Phila. Pa. 
Snivelly, Chas. L., Erie, ]*a. 
Thomas,* R. B., Phila., Pa. 
Graeber, Dan'l, " ^' 
Blank, Geo. W., Atlantic City, 

N. J. 
McKim, H., Burlington, N. J. 
Bieger, Philip, Phila., Pa. 
Dorn, Thos. H., " 
Fow, Jacob, " " 

Gardiner, D., 

Hahn, F. D., Clarkson, N. Y. 
Jenkins, B. F., Phila., Pa. 
Snowden, T. W., " '' 

Co. 
Johnson, J. R., Cleveland, 0. 
White, Jos. H., Easton, Md. 
Lapp, John, Phila., Pa. 
Staiger, G., " '' 

Thomas, Wm., '' " 
Chadwick,Thos.l., ^' " 
Eberhardt, W. F., " " 
Ellenger, C. S., " " 
Gardner, Jno., " " 

Hahn, Jno., " " 

Fell, Thos., " " 

McFadden, Neill, Phila., Pa. 
Orr, Jno., Bridgeport, -Pa. 
Tipton, C. E., Phila,. Pa. 
Lasage, Jas , " " 

Bauer, John, " " 

Weeks, Sam'L, '' 
O'Donnell, Ezekiel, Phila., Pa. 
S'gmund,* Houston, " " 

Co. 
Palmer, Edw. C, Phila., Pa. 
Williams, C. S., 
Mitchell, Geo. P., 
Lamon, Martin, " " 

Gib^n, Thoe., 
Kelly, Jas., 
MeCuen, Jas., 






li u 



(( u 



Sooy, J. A., Phila., Pa. 
Stout, A. M., *' " 
Sproul, J. J., Newtown Sq., I*a. 
Tudor, Jno. F., Camden, N. J. 
Wagner, B. F., Phila., Pa. 
Walters, A. H., " '' 
Roessler,H. J., " " 
Holworth, Henr}^, " '' 
Gallespie, Jas., 

Coates, Henr}', Pittsburg, Pa. 
Peifer, Geo., Phila., Pa. 
Mathe^vs,* Chas. W., Phila., Pa. 
Newburg,* Robt., " 

Bohn, John, Lehighton, Pa. 
Quein, Jacob C, Phila., Pa. 
Peacock, Henry C, " " 
Fitzinger,* Geo. W., " " 

"C." 

Gardiner,* Alex., Phila., Pa. 
Landon,* J. K., " " 
Brinner,* Jas., '' " 

Cozzens,* Smith. D., " '' 
Collins, Jas. P., Beartown, Pa. 
Brown, Chas. ]\, Phila., Pa. 
McCabe, John, Strafford, Pa. 
A^an Brunt, Tunis, Dayton, 0. 
McCabe, Richard, ^" 
Elliott, Rob't, Phila., Pa. 
Crap,* Robt., " " 
Ford, Wm., Braddock, Pa, 
Segar, Sam'l, Fort Bidwell, Cal. 
Larue, Asa, Erie, Pa. 
Spence, Matt., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Miller, W. H., Henry Clay, Del. 
Thompson, Jas., " " "' 

Kilrain, John, Tamaqua, Pa. 
Little, Wm. R., Phila., Pa. 

Sween}-, Michael, Phila., Pa. 
Albany, A. J. " " 

Barr, Sam^, " " 

Boyd, Jno., " " 

Barnes, Geo. W., " '^ 
Burton, Jos., Hampton. Ya. 
Crawford, Geo., Phila., Pa, 



163 



Hoo-^, C. T., Phila., Ta. 

McCo}^ Henry, T*liild., Pn. 
McCorkiU, A. M., " 

Neely, S. A., '^ " 

Rumney, J., " " 

Shaw, Wm., " " 

Thwaits, Alfred, " " 

Wright, Isaac. " " 

Toland, Neill, " " 

Douojherty, Geo., *' " 

Acton,* IS'ath., " " 



Co. 



Clark, Wm., Miiiersville, Pa. 
McFall,* Sanrl, Phila., Pa. 
Baker, W. J., 
Brown, Jas., " " 

Dougherty, Wm., '' " 
Morgan, Jno., " " 
Tate, Jas., " 

Acton, J. B., '' " 

Boyd, John. " " 

Boyd, Hugh. " " 

Brown, T. C, 
Brown, Jas., " " 

Gilbert, J., " 

Gibson, Jas., '• " 

Hance, G.W., 
Henderson, John, " '' 
Johnson,* A B.,FernNyood, Pa. 
Kearney, Wm., ]*hila., Pa. 
Lindsay, W. H., Hampton, Ya. 
NcGinnis, Jas , Phila,, Pa. 
McKinnv, Jos., '' '' 
Moore, David, " " 

Co. 
Fassitt, John B., N. Y. City. 
Gwynn, Jas., Hampton, Ya 
Colvill, David, Phila., Pa. 
Green, Wm., 
Masland, Jas. W.," " 
Miller, Casper, Dover, Del. 
Atkinson, B. F., Phila., Pa, 
Cazier, H. H., 
Johnson, Alex., " " 
Kelly, John, 
Craham, Geo., " " 



Edwards, Wm., Phila., Pn. 
Tippen, Geo., 

McClang, Jno., " '' 
Watts, David, " " 

Biles, G. M. W., " " 
Rivel, Jer., Wilmington, Del. 
Kirk,* S, Hammonton, N. J. 
Lindsa3%* Jno., Hampton, Ya. 
Brown, Charles, Phik., Pa. 
Holland, Patrick, " 

"E." 

Quinn, John, Phila., Pa. 

Kankin, J., ''- " 

Simpkins, B., " " 

Yonng, John. " " 

Morgan, E. S., '' " 

Corn, Lawrence, '' " 

Smith, Arch., '»' 

Tate, Hugh, Ph(L'iiixville, Pa. 

Taylor, J., Alleghany City., Pa. 

Disart, Rob't, Knoxdale, Pa. 

Keyes, Wm., Phila., Pa. 

Carr, C, 

Bnchanan, J., Dayton, 0. 

Blesington, Jas., Yallego, Cal. 

Purser,* Spencer, Leavenworth, 
Kan. 

McFalls, Wm. J.. Chicago, HI. 

Torbert, Henrv, Hampton, Ya. 

Egner, Rob't, Phila., Pa. 

McClelland, Richard, Wilming- 
ton, Del. 

Johnston, Rob't A., Phila., Pa. 

Atkinson, J. B., Phila., Pa. 
Bodkin, Rob't, " " 
Boyle, John, " 

Doyle, John. Pittsburg, Pa. 
Earl, Jas. T., Phila., Pa. 
Henry, Jas., 
Keesey, W. H., '^ 
Lukens,Chas. P.," " 
Lukens,Thos.L.," " 
Moffitt, Jno., Pittsbm-g, Pa. 
Powell, Alex., Phila., Pa. 



164 



Robinson, Jno., Phila., Pa. 
Whiteman, Jac. M., " " 
Williams, C. S., Hampton, Ya. 
Carrigan, John, Erie, Pa. 
Wray, Wm. J., Phila., Pa. 
Graham, Geo., " " 

Co. 
Beath,^ Rob't, B., Phila., Pa. 
Maxwell, Jno., 
Taylor, Frank, " 

McClaskY,H., " " 

DuswalcC Sama, C, '^ 
Gibson, Jno., " " 

Johnson, Geo. W., " " 
Allibone, Thos., " " 
Bantom, W. H.. " " 
Chadwick, Wm.B., " " 
Cnlbertson, E. A., " " 
Davis, Jno. S., 
Flennard, W. H., " 
Fraley, G. W., " " 

Howard, G. W., 
Hilsee, R. C, 

Miller, Rich'd. J., '^ " 
Miilholland, W. H., Pleasant- 

ville, N. J. 
Reile, F. C. Phila., Pa. 

Co. 
Craig, Jas. M., Alleghany City, 

Pa. 
Hickman, Job, Phila., l*a. 
Spence, Jas., " " 

Linton, John S., 
Palmer, Geo. W., ' 
Uber, D. H., 
Blank,* Wm., Sr., " '' 
Baringer, Jacob. " " 
Johnson, Jno. G., " " 
Milford, W. M., " 
Pedrick, D. H., " " 
Robinson, Wm., " " 
Watermeyer,* J. W., Phila., Pa. 

Co. 

Williams, Jesse, S., Phila, Pa. 
Adams, Gilbert, N. Y. City. 



U (< 



a u 



Donnelly, Dan'l, Dayton, 0. 
Rodgers, W. Ogdcn City, Utah. 
Parker, Jas., Phila., Pa. 
Purnell, Jno. H., Alleghen}^ City 

Pa. 
Benson, Geo. A., Galveston, Tex. 

" G." 

Robinson, J., Phila., Pa. 
Roe, J. R. B., Topeka, Kan. 
Rutherford, W.G., Phila., Pa. 
Sarch, Jno.,' " " 

Smallward, C. E., " '' 
Sperry, Sam 1 R., " " 
Stokly, Jos., Eddystone, I'a. 
Yocum, J. H., Phila., Pa. 
Spear,* Morris H., Phila., Pa. 
Black, Rob't, 
Smith, E. J., Colorado Springs, 

Col. 
Baugh,* Louis, G., Phila., Pa. 
Brinkcr, Alfred, Burlington, 

N. J. 
Poole, Jefferson, Hampton, Ya. 
Mills, John " " 

Mackenson, G. M., Phila., Pa. 
Roe, W. R., Phila., Pa. 
House, Jas., Phila., Pa. 

."H." 

Michoel, W. B., " " 
Uber, Wm. L., " " 
Brown, J. C, Hampton, Ya. 
Smith, Sherwood, B., Lancas- 
ter, Pa. 
Haviland, Jno., Phila, Pa. 
Gallagher, Jno., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Everhart, H. W., " " 

McKenna, Jas., " " 

Slaysman, Chas. R., Gilroy, Cal. 
Dufford, Jas.,Dorseyvillc, Pa. 
Hazlett,* J., Phila, Pa. 
Slaysman, Geo. S., Pittsburg. 
Pa. 

U J ?5 

Maguigan,* E. J., Phila, Pa. 
Sloan, Wm.D., '' '<• 



165 

Lomax, Elias, Phila., Pa. Eiscnberger, M., Marietta, Pa. 

Voight, Chas. F., " " Albright, Jacob, Columbia, Pa. 

Murphv, Frank, " " Dunbar, R. S., 

Boyd, "R., " *' Markle}^ S., Washington Bor- 

Dale3% Jas., " " ongh Pa. 

Gormley, Jno., " " Stauffer, A., Washington Bor- 

Jobbins,''' Jos., " " ough, Pa. 

Mulholland, Rob't., " '' Sherick, John, Washington Bor- 

Stuls,Ed. J., " " ough, Pa. 

Wike, G. W., " " Goldsmith, Frank, Wrightsvillc, 

Franklin, Jno. G., „ " Pa. 

Ilambright, Chas. K.,york, Pa. Shinberger, J., Wrightsville, Pa. 

Berger, Abr'm, •' " Lee, Jno., Peach Bottom, Vn. 

McFadden, O., Marietta, Pa. Todd, Jacob, Port Deposit. Md. 

Brooks, Geo., Steelton, Pa. Shue, Geo. W., Cleveland, O. 

" Co. K.^' 
Howard, L. J., Phila, Pa. McKim, C, Burlington, N. J. 

Wilson, Ed. B., " " Murgatroyd, Jno.. Phila., Pa. 

Neille, Wm. H., Camden, N. J. Priest, Chas., " 

Dinsmore, John, Phila, Pa. Simon, C. G., " " 

McKim, Wm.,Burlinoton, N.J. Simon, J. F., 
Simon, Fred. P., Phita., Pa. Sterling, H., Wheeling, W. Ya. 
Woodhouse, G. W., " '* Simpson, G. L., Camden, N. J. 
Bolestridge, Jas. J., " " Wells, Jno. M., Rancocas, N. J. 
Gormley, J. J., New Castle, Del. McKnight, J., Jersey City, N. J, 
Kelly, thos.,* Phila., Pa. Spear, D., Gloucester City, N. J. 

Spear, Morris L., Dayton, O. Cornell, J., Galveston, Tex. 
Edmundson, H. G., Phila., Pa. Gifford, A., - " 
Millman, Jas. K., " " Kreps, Peter, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Colgan, Jas., " " Davis, Dennis, " '' 

Farran, W. J., " " Lane, Jos., East Brady, Pa. 

Finly, Wm., " " Duncan, Wm., Hatboro, Pa. 

Co. " O." 

Transferred to 61st Regiment. 

Orr, Robert L., Phila., Pa. Duddy, Jno. M., Phila., Pa. 

Clauson, C. H., " '• Fenoquio, Peter, " '' 

Kennedv, C. F., " " Ginther, David, " " 

Miller, Jno. P., " " Kennedy, E. F., Sharon Hill, Pa. 

Robb. Jas., ' " " Nevil, G. P., Phila., Pa. 

Driver, Jas., " " Perkins, Wm. P., Camden, N.J. 

Braman, Silas, Yineland, N. J. Robb, William, Phila., Pa. 

Davis, Benj. F., Phila., Pa. Walls, Chas , " " 

Doak, Jr., J., " " 

Co. '' P." 

Transferred to 61st Regiment. 

Donnelly, Vincent P., Phila., Clarke, Samuel, Phila., Pa. 
Pa. Layer, Harry B., " " 



166 
Co. "R/' 

Transferred to 61.st Kegiment, 

Gieene, Clias. S., Phila., Ta. Maliony, Dennis, Phila., Pa. 

Mindil, Geo. W., " '' Lippincott, R. R., Rancocas, 
Albertson, Levi B., " " N. J. 

Caldwell, G., " " Hansel, M., Rancocas, N. J. 

Fisher, Jos., " " Cochrane, Henr}^, Phila., Pa. 

Jones, Wm., " " 

Co. " L." 
Atwood, Daniel, South Ave., Menig, A. J., Ebervale, Pa. 
Del. Co., Pa. 



82d PENN'A VOLS. Field and Staff. 

Wetherill, J.M.,Pottsville, Pa. Valee, Frank, Phila., Pa. 
Neiler, Jas. R., Phila., Pa. Tompkins, Oliver, Phila., Pa. 

Williams, D., Pittsburg, Pa. Todd, Wallace B., 

'' Co. A." 

Cochran, Richard, Phila., Pa. Streip, J., I*hila., Pa. 

Allendorf, Geo., " " Williams, Chas., Phila., Pa. 

McGaret^' Jacob, " " Zell. Jacob, W. Fernwood, Pa. 

Peppit, Nath., " " DeBarry, Al., Phila., Pa. 

Reid, Thos., " " Keenan, Chas., 

Spangenberg, Louis, " " 

'- Co. B." 
Brown, Thos. H., Phila., Pa. Fee, R. Y., Oakdale, Xeb. 
Barr}', Ed., Punxcatawn}', Pa. Mattson, D., Valley Forge, Pa. 
Bushely, E.,Richardsville, Pa. Perry, Wm. W , Ringp;old, Pa. 
Diffenbaugh, J. F. S., Creston, Blaikie, R. T., Pict'e^Rocks, Pa 
'Iowa. Poerstel, Emil, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Co. "C." 

Boswell, Chas. A., Phila., Pa. Jones, C. F., Phila., J'a. 

Butland, Chas., " " Ivers, Albert, " " 

Craig, David, " " Miller, J. R., Hammonton, N. J. 

Dunn, Chris. C, " " O'Brien, Jno. F., Phila., Pa. 

Donnelly, Wm. J., " " Spence, J. E., Cape May, N. J. 

Dilks, Wm. H., " " Whalen, H., Phila., Pa. 

Foster, J. Knox, '' '' Wood, W. R., " " 

Co. "D." 
Bish, David, Porter, Pa Edgar, J. S., Allegheny City, Pa. 

Bish, Jos., " '' Foster, Isaac, Phila., Pa. 

Cunningham, Jos., Phila., Pa. Glass, Matt., " '• 
Cunningham, Owen, " '' Glass, Ed,, " " 

Doan, Thos., " " Geiger, J. C, 



167 



Hinderleider, H., Spankles' 

Mills, Pa. 
Hinderleider, A., Brookville, 

Pa. 
Homer, Sam'l, Onana, la. 
Kesper, Lewis, Phila., Pa. 
Meyers, D.. ** " 

Co. 
Barnes, Jno. J., Pliila., Pa. 
Bensler, G. T., San Fran., Cal. 
Carles, Jno, H., " "" 

Corbitt, G. W.^ Turkey City, 

Pa. 
Doyle, Jos., Pliila., Pa. 
Fite, Jno. F., " '' 
Girton, Wm. A., Bristol, Pa. 
Grant, C. W,, Brockwayyille, 

Pa. 
Hazel, Paul, Da3'ton, 0. 
Haegele, W. H., Camden, X. J. 

Co. 

Collins, Wm., Pliila., Pa. 

Cowdrick, Ed., 

Davis, Lewis, " '' 

Davis, A., 

Eppright, R., Atlantic City, 

N. J. 
Evans, W. C, Brookville, Pa. 
Elkins, Lewis. Williams, Cal. 
Foreman, Isaac, Pliila , Pa. 
Ferringer, Jacob, N. Freedom, 

Pa. 
George, Jno. W., Darby, Pa. 
Glass, Alex., Phila.,, Pa. 
Gamn, Chas., " '' 
Grant, W. N., Brockwayyille, 

Pa. 
Headman, Wm., Phila., Pa, 
Harris, Sam'l, 
Hiltner, Jos. C, " 
Hiltner, Wm., 

Co. 
Black, Jno., Sprangle's Mills, 

Pa. 
Cook, Geo. H., Phila., Pa. 
Deeker, Henry, " '^ 



Sherman, Ed., Stratonville, Pa. 
Waldron, Wm. H., Phila., Pa. 
White, Alex., 
White, AVm. A., 
Weigand, J. H., 
Waterhouse, G. W., " " 

Harve}^, Jos., Phila., Pa. 
Hughes, Jos., " '' 
Knight, W. H., " 
Long, Wm., Media, Pa. 
Moss, Lem., Phila , Pa. 
Morris, Jno. G., Mana^uink, Pa. 
Patrick, R. W., Phila., Pa. 
Stewart, Jos., " '' 

Thomas, Geo. W., Phila., Pa. 
Thomas, Jos. E., " " 
White, '' 

u p ?? 

Hayes, Jno., Phila., Pa. 
Jones, Pierson. Richboro, Pa. 
Kelly, And., Phila., Pa. 
Lake, Chas., " " 
Lawrence, Jno., " " 
Lawrence, Wm., " " 
Lewis, Reese. Spring Home, Pa. 
McCurdy, Dan'l, Phila., Pa. 
Monston, Thos. H., " 
Morris, Jno., Phcrnixville, Pa. 
Neil, Jno.. Phila., Pa. 
O'Neill, And., '' 
Rexrath, Fred., " " 
Reid, Thos., " " 
Shaw, Jos., " 

Smith, Arch., " 
Stoggart, Wm., " " 
Walling, Geo. W.,*" " 
Woltt", Sam'l " " 

'*G." 

Deeker, Geo. W., Phila., Pa. 
Dailey, Jno., Penfield, Pa. 
Dayton, W., Fairmount, Neb. 
Ensfle, Louis, Phila., Pa. 



168 



Evard, Al., Thila., Pa. 
Elvert, Louis G., Thila., Pa. 
Evard, Hiram, " '• 

Earls, Clias., Norristown, Pa. 
Fell, Chas., Phila., Pa. 
Farrell, Peter, 

Fisher, J. J., Richardsville, Pa. 
Graham, Jos.. Phila., Pa. 
Hillsman, J. G., Push Yalle}', 

Pa. 
Hagan, B., Phamixville, Pa. 
Hamilton, J. R.,Hammonton, 

N. J. 
Harriet, Adam, Cedar Rapids, 

Iowa. 
Johnston, U. F., Mankata, 

Minn. 

Co. 
Ainsgust, Wm.,Corsieiv, Pa. 
Bland, Willis, Reading, Pa. 
Chase, Rob't, Bristol, Pa. 
Hoe}', J. L., Yalley Forge, Pa. 
Lefferts, Frank, Phila., Pa. 
Lewis, Isaac, Reading, Pa. 
Lancaster, Wm. H., Phila., Pa. 
Myers, Wes. J., Columbus, 0. 
M^^ers, Moses, Phila., Pa. 
Miller, Allen R., " 
Mj'ers, G., Camden, N. J. 
McKean, T. C, Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 

Co."L" 



Krayer, Wm., Phila., Pa. 

Kelley, Wm., 

Lorillard, Alex., Phila,, Pa. 

Moore, Jos., " " 

Marshall, Jos., 

Osteman, A. C, Jeffersonvillo, 

Ind. 
Petrosky. Hen., Phila., Pa. 
Petrosky, C, " '' 

Prenot, Louis, New York City. 
Starm, Otto, Phila., Pa. 
Smith, Geo. J., Sprankles Mills, 

Pa. 
Tyson, W. D., Phila., Pa. 
Wise, H. W. 
Bird, Wm., Hampton, Ya. 

'H." 

Nagie, J. S. B., Phila., Pa. 
Rudolph, J. S.., '^ 
Rowan, Isaac, " " 

Reed, Thos., Grange, Pa. 
Sensenderfer, Jas. A., Phila., Pa 
Steel, W. M. A., Trenton, N. J. 
Toland, Chas., Phila., Pa. 
Timlin, Dan., I'unxcatawney, 

Pa. 
Widdicombe, B. Frank., West 

Chester, Pa. 
Riegler, Hen., Phila,, Pa. 



Aman, Sam'l, Phila., Pa. 
Dinger, David, Emerickville, 

Pa. 
Falls, John A., Phila., Pa. 
Hawkins, John T., " " 
Haas, John H '' " 

Hyatt, John E., Colerain, Pa. 
Hoch, David. Sprangles Mills, 

Pa. 
Dillard, David. Phila., Pa. 
Kitts,Jos., " '' 

Lucas, Frank, " " 
Latch, Rob't, " 
Meeker, L. H., " 
Meeker, Steph., '' 
Megee, Wm., " " 



Maloney, Phil. S., JMiila., Pa. 
Morris, Matt., " 
Munshowen, N., Columbus, O. 
Redhetter, Wm. H., Phila, Pa. 
Redheffer, A. A., " 
Rodenboch, Sol., " 
Skean, Wm. A., Norristown, 

Pa. 
Stretch, David, Phila., Pa. 
Staunton, S. G., Phila., Pa. 
Sheffer, Jacob, *' " 
Smather, Phil., Ringgold, Pa.' 
Yandervoort, Levi, Hazen, Pa. 
Willingmyre, G. W., Phila., Pa. 
Weightman, Jno., *• " 

Wharton, W. N., 



169 



Co. 
Arment, Wm., I'hila,., Pa. 
Arnold, Geo., Bristol, Pa. 
Beecber, Chas. K., Phila., Pa. 
Liberton, R. W., 
Moore, Wm., " " 

Moody, W. H., 
Myers, J. W., Columbus, 0. 
McCall, Samuel, Phila., Pa. 
Mathews, J. L., Xew Haven, 

Conn. 
Nouman, H., Atlantic C^, X.J. 



Oakford, Wm. H., Phila., Pa. 
Parker, M., " " 

Paul, Geo., " " 

Rhodes. Jacob, " " 

Reese. Elijah, Clearfield, Pa. 
Reese* Philip, " " 

Tyson, Wm , Phila., Pa. 
Williams, Wm. R., Phila., Pa. 
Williamson, Chas., " " 

Pitch, C. P., New Orleans, La. 



65th NEW YORK 

Cochrane,, J., New York City. 

8haler, Alex., Ridgefield, N. J. 

Wilber, J. J., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Tailoff, Ivan, New York City. 

Truesdell, Sam'l, " 

Beenard, Ed., 

Bernard, Geo. A., Phila., Pa, 

Dempsey, Jas. B., N. Y. City. 

Cluttenbach, Jno., " " 

Dyer, H. B., " " 

Ford, G. W., Kensington, Ct. 

Golden, Jos., Pamrico, N. J. 

Halsted, W. P., N. Y. City. 

Little, E. H., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Miller, David, N. Y. City. 

McDonald, W. 0., " 

Roome, Wm. P., " " 

McEntee,Wm., " " 

Norton, Thos., " 

Volk, F. T., 

Dennett, L. A., " " 

Darsonville, J., Brookh'n, N.Y. 

Schlamp, L., New York City. 

Cartwright, J. L., Dolgeville, 
N. Y. 

Haverley, Wm. J., Santa Bar- 
bara, Cal. 

Fisk, A., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Healy, H. G.,Washington, D.C. 

Lambert, J. L., Hoosick Falls, 
N. Y. 

llA 



. (The Chasseurs). ; 

Selover, G.W., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Rissinger, S. S., Toledo, 0. 
Brennan, J., San Francisco, Cal. 
Pelouhet, Jerse}^ Cit}^, N. J. 
Butcher, G. W., Marionville, Mo. 
Green, P. K., Stafford Spr'gs, Ct. 
Yolk, Wm. S., Maiden, N. Y. 
Stoddard, E. W., Roch'ter,N. Y. 
Colvin, R. I., Phoenix, R. I. 
Bootay, Wm., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Crans, Burleigh, " " 

Porter, Benj. 0., Rockland, R. I. 
Randall, Geo. H., " " 

King, W. L., Foster Centre, " 
Whitman, Paul, Lippert, " 
Baker, J. D., Davenport, Iowa. 
Bedell, H. C, Fayette, 
Beebe, Chas., Nashua, " 

Gillett, A. A., Baxter, " 

Robinson, Stephen, Berlin, '• 
Shaull, S. R., Ladora, " 

Wright, Albert, Mitchell, " 
Calpin, Jas., Pawtucket, R. I. 
Arnold, W. B., 
Colvin, A. G., 

Sherman, A., Cattaraugus, N. Y. 
Sittey, Jos. B., Dayton, 0. 
McKenna, Geo., Waterbury, Ct. 
Brown, P. H., New York City. 
Freeman, H. C, " " ' 

McAlpin, J., Pawtucket, R. I. 



170 

': enii NEW YORK. (1st Long Island.) 

Cross, Nelson, New York City. Doty, Alex. H., New York City. 

Peck, L. M., Brooklyn, N. Y. Lincoln, Geo. B., " 

Adams, Julius W., " " Hodgson, Y. M., Washington, 

Bliss, Jno. S., Danbury, Conn. D. C. 

Stillwell, Geo. W., Brooklyn, Crowell, Chas., New York City. 

j^. Y. Middaugh, Jno. E., Scio, N. Y. 

Beecher, H. B., Brooklyn, N.Y. Phelps, G. H., Council Grove, 
Mills, Thos. M. K., " " Kan. 

Partridge, W. H., Washington, Douglass, J. T., N. Emory, Tex. 

p. C. Adams, G., F., Medfield, Mass. 

Bussell, E. K., Washington, Starts, Chas. P., Albany, N. Y. 

D. C. 

Co. "A." 

Reed, Wm.. Brooklyn, N. Y. Sexton, H. C, New York City. 

Metcalf, Henry, " " Howath, Jas., Canarsie, Long 

Aitkin, Thos., " " Island, N. Y. 

Pink, Wm. H., " " Dingee, L., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Baisley, S. R., New York City. O'Reilly, Miles, " 

Cunlitie, G. D., Brooklyn, N.Y. Street, Geo. W., St. Louis, Mo. 

Kershaw, J. H., New York Cy. 

Co. "B." 
Angus, Henry,' Queens, Long Kelly, Jas., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Island, N. Y. Keenan, Ed., Yonkers, ^• 

Fahey , Ed., Brooklyn, N. Y. Danegar, S. S., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Hamilton, 1., " " Dickerson, C, 

Co. •' C." 
Hughes, John C, Bradford, Edinborough, C, Reedsv'le, 

'^X:>a. , Kansas. 

Conlon^ Richard, Brooklyn, Burroughs, W. R., Marysville, 
;^_ y^ Kansas. 

Co. "D." 
Hendricks, E. J., Foreman, Balogh, C, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Dakota. 

Co. " E." 

Harper, George, Lookout Station, Wyoming Territory. 

Co. ^' F." 
Sealy, Jos. C, Brooklyn, N. Y. Hess, Geo. A., New York City. 
Franklin, R., New York City. Sneden, Jas., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Johnson, Wm., Brooklyn, N.Y. Weaver, G. A., ^' ^ 
Bogart, J. H., Canarsie, L. I. Beatty, Jno., 
Centlivre, Jos., NewYork City. Beiseker, C. N., Austin, Minn. 
Fowler, W. W., Whitestone, Lewis, Jas. E., Astoria, L. I. 
L.L 



171 



• Co. 
lirown, Emery, Brooklyn, N.Y. 
Flowers, G. W., '^ '• 

Kintano, Louis, 

Co. 
Halsey, W. W. W., Brooklyn, 

N.Y. 
Dodge, W. W., New York City. 
Dunn, Jos., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Gleason, Wm., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Co. 
Mills, Jas. N., Brooklyn, N.Y. 
Walker, Lewis, '' '' 

Morris, Jno., " 

Gill, Jos. J., 

Tracy, Fletcher, " ^' 

Morris, Terrence, " " 

Co. 
Fisse, Frank, New York City. 
Johnson, R. F., Brooklyn, N.Y. 



Evans, Chas., Canarsie, L. I. 
Whitley, S. H., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Lockard, G. W., 

H." 

Coleman, Jacob, New York City. 
Craus, B. L., 

Smith, Henry, Whitestone, L. I. 
Halsey, Jno. W., New York City. 
Becker, J., Garry, Dak. 

Kunzi. John, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Walsh, Myles, 

Glostrick, Thos., '' '' 

Leary, Jno. S., '' " 

Gallin, Jas., '' " 

Thompson, William, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 



122d NEW YORK VOLS. 



Titus, Silas, S3a'acuse, N. Y. 
Davis, Joshua B., Wahoo, Neb. 
Smith, A. J., Leavenworth, 

•Kan. 
Lester, Frank, Chicago, 111. 

Co. 
Wells, H. S., Baldwinsville, 

N. Y. 
Buck, N., Cedar Rapids, la. 
Fisher, G. E., Oswego Falls. 

N. Y^ 
Smith, Jos. S., Chicago, 111. 
Malone, A. Jr., Baldwinsville, 

N. Y. 
Carroll, Chas. E., Troy, N. Y. 
Sharp, Peter, Lysander, " 
Smith, C. P., Syracuse, 
Church, M. H., Boston, Mass. 
Turner, U., Onondago, N. Y. 
Trapp, Uriah, Baldwinsville, 

N.Y. 



Tefft,N. R., Onondaga Hill, N.Y. 

Knapp, E. A., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Cornue, J. S.. 

Tracy, 0. v., 

Poole, Theo. L., " " 

-A." 

Tenbrocke, E., Little Utica. " 
Vosburg, Hiram, Chicago, 111. 
Williams, Ed., Memphis, N. Y. 
Bishop, Wm. A., Baldwinsville, 

N.Y. 
Blakeman, I*. Y., Ridgway, Mo. 
Brown, Addison, Lakeport,N. Y. 
Caughlin, M., Baldwinsv'e, N. Y. 
Coover, W. P., 

Carrington, S. P., Boonville, " 
Cardell, W. B., Kansas City, Mo. 
Douglass, A., Meridian, N. Y. 
Downer, B. H., Albany, " 
Ells, E. C, Rock Island, 111. 
Hilton, Henry, Onondago, N. Y. 



172 



Halsted, D., Baldwinsv'le, N.Y. 
Liisk, Geo. H., Pomona, Fla. 
Loop, G., Baldwinsville, N.Y. 
Loop, Henry, " '' 

Dunning, Chas,. Granbj^, " 
Farrell, Jas., San Fran., Cal. 
Fay, Frank, Geddes, N. Y. 
Failing, J., Baldwinsv'le, KY. 
Fredenburg, A., Arcadia, Neb. 
Houghtaling, S., Sj^racuse, N.Y. 
Howard, G. W., Baldwinsvilie, 
N.Y. 



Chamberlain, W. R.. Geddes. 

N. Y. 
Nye, Geo. S., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Gilbert. G. H., ^ - 
Rj'an. Martin, •' 
Anderson, W. J., '* '' 

Adkins, L., Prescott, Wy. T. 
Baker, Thos., Wheatland, Dak. 
Bethel, P. E.. Geneva, N. Y. 
Bowley. D., Ne^vbridge, N. Y. 
Brand, Henry C. Stiles', '• 
Bronnell, J. A.. Euclid, 
Bingham, J. J.. Worthington, 

Minn. 
Brant. P., N. Syracuse, N. Y. 
Carlisle, C. F., Euclid, 
Criss, A. J., Porter Centre, " 
Crampton, Jas., Cicero, '' 
Crampton, Thos., '• 
Davis, Parker, Fabius, '' 

Edwards, D. C, Cicero, '' 
Eaton, D., Minneapolis. Minn. 
Fairfield. Wm., Pland Rxl. N.Y. 
Hoatland, Robert. Cicero, " 
Hartnett, Jno. H.,Fabains, '• 
Hart, J. G., Cicero, N. Y. 
Howe, Jerome, Portland, Ore. 
Hubbs, A. H.. Syracuse, N. Y. 
Hughes, R. A., Baldw'ville, N.Y. 

Co. 
Barnes, 0. A., E. Boston, N. Y. 
Chandler, G. B., Barcla}^ 111. 
Hudson, J., J^mesville, N. Y. 



Hurley, P., Baldwinsvilie, N.Y. 
Mai one, R., Bridgeport, N. Y. 
Merrifield . A . J. , Ly sander, N. Y 
McCormick, Mich'l, Marcellus, 

N. Y. 
Merritt, F, H., Geddes, N. Y. 
Peavy, L. M., Cicero, " 
Rodoers, S. N., Baldwinsvilie, 

N. Y. 
Robinson. J. B., Albany, N. Y. 
Yossett, Francis, Geddes, '' 
Yates, A. E., Cicero. 



Co. - B. 



Jones. William. Geddes, N. Y. 
Kennett, W. C. Mottville, •' 
Lang. Chas. H., Utica, '' 

Lilly, Jas. F.. S3n*acuse, '' 
Luce, Roselle E., Cicero, 
Maxon, G. S.. Tonawanda, '" 
Marcellus, A., Canastota, '' 
McKinly. J. J., Houghton, '' 
McN^ilty, F., Sja-acuse, 
Marsh, Hudson C, Toledo, O. 
]\aul, W. W.. Syracuse, N. Y. 
l^orter, Jno. J., Detroit, Mich. 
Prindle, J. H., Natchez, Miss. 
Reynolds. M. L., Reedsburg, 

Wis. 
Robertson. L., Syracuse, N; Y. 
Ruggles, Wm. E., " 
Souie, Alfred, " " 

Shoens, Thos. M., Corning, " 
Smith. Marshall F., Rome, " 
Scott. Thos. H.. Cicero, '• 
Sloat, Elias R., Euclid. '' 
Smith. D. R., S. S3^racuse, '' 
Smith, Elisha. Cicero, '' 

Tripp, Jonathan. Miilville, '' 
YanHoozen, D., Brewerton, '' 
Wells, Elias, Onondago, '' 
Weaver, C. A., Syracuse, '' 

"C." 

Agan, H. C, Fayetteville, N. Y. 
Buzzell, Buell P., Wakefield, 
Mass. 



173 



Bettinger, G. W., Cliittenango, 

N. Y. 
Breese, Robert, Auburn, X. Y. 
Breese, W., Fleming Hill, '' 
Eaton. Chas. A., Minneapolis. 

Minn. 
Chapman, T. D., Fayette ville, 

K Y. 
Eaton, F. H. Birmingham, Ala. 
Maltby, Wm. H., Fayette ville, 

K Y. 
Clark, David. W., Fayette ville. 

N. Y. 
Worden, P., Fayetteville. X. Y. 
Chase. Amasa, 
Cummings, D., '' " 

Everingham, C, '" 
Everingham, J., " 
Gorman, Jas., '' " 

Goodfellow, J., 
Goodfellow, W.. Constantia, - 



Goodfellow, S. W., Belle Isle. 

N. Y. 
Houser, Jacob, Centre, N. Y. 
Hotaling, D., Jamesville, •' 
Huntley, Wm., Manlius, 
Hoag. H. A., Jamesville, 
Hibbard, Jas. D.. Fulton, '• 
Hale, Jno.. Fayetteville, '' 
Monk, Frederick, Ithaca. '• 
Monahan, 1*.. Fayetteville, " 
Monroe. A. H.. Manlius, 
Miles, Jas.. 

Northrup, E.,Fa3'ette ville, '' 
Price, Jas., S^^racuse, 
Riley, T., Canajoharie. 
Russ, Henry J., Manlius, -' • 
Relph, Jno., Fayetteville, '• 
Smith. Colvin, Pompfe3^ 
Underwood. T., Syracuse, '' 
Wright, B. A.. Lafayette, " 
Worden, A.. Fayetteville, " 



Co. " D. 



Crysler, C, Independence, Mo. 
Cossitt, Davis, Onondago. N. Y. 
Luther, Ed. P., " ' " 
Amidon, Geo., " " 

Adams, Oscar, " " 

Barron, Wm. C, Walaka, Fla. 
Butler, James, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Bartlett, Jno., Onondago, " 
Rockw^ell, J. W., Council Bluffs, 

la. 
Taylor, J. W., Ladomia, Mo. 
Parish, G. D., 

Shirle3% D. D., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Gilson, Geo. G., " 
Austin, Oscar, Onondago, " 
Segar, Peter, Syracuse, " 
Worker, Chas., Pierce, Neb. 
Wilkinson, G., Navarino, N. Y. 
West, A. F., Chicago, 111. 
Long, Patrick, Tully, N. Y. 
Pickett, Frank E., Wayland, 

Mich. 
Patterson, F., Danforth, N. Y. 
Patten, G. A., Spafford, '' 



Hancock, A. W., Washington, 

D. C. 
Sage, Henry, Topeka, Kan. 
Quick, C. M., South Onandago, 

X. Y. 
Russell, Horace, Yesper, X. Y. 
Shepard, Jno. A., Ithaca, " 
Nichols, O.. S. Onondago, '^ 
Amidon, L., Cedar Yale, " 
Enos, Chas., Thorn Hill, '' 
Williams. S., Otisco YaL, " 
Amidon, H. F., S. Onondago, 

N. Y. 
Fisk, T. A., Amboy, N. Y. 
Fisk, W. L.,5S. Onondago, N.Y. 
Harvoun,H. F., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Ives, Cbas. il., *' " 

Jenks, Walter E., " " 

Joyce, T. H., S. Onondago, '^ 
Kincle, Patrick, Otisco, " 
Gates, Chas. B., Navarino, " 
Cummings, N., Camillas, " 
Crittenden, J., Cedar Yale, " 
Colburn, G. W., Fairmount, " 



174 

Davis, Tan Buren, Huron, Dak. Murphy, M., Otisco YaL, N; Y. 
Eaton, Alonzo,Navarino,N.Y. Moss, W. H., Lafayette, " 
Lathrop, C. Gr.,Ononda^o, " Noble, Jas. H., Auburn. " 
Lee, Edw., Pompey Hill, " Norton, L. M..Onondago, " 
Morjis, W. H., Pompey Centre, Stoiith, Lewis, Detroit, Mich. 

N. Y. 

Co. ''E." 

Walpole, H., Syracuse, N. Y. Hicox, Chas., Bath, N. Y. 

Brand, Jac, " '^ Johnson, W. R., Camillus, N.Y. 

Ostrander, C. W., " " Keller, Jno., Geddes, " 

Eldridge, C. H.. N. Y. City. McAllister, C. H., Syracuse, " 

Hummel, D. F., Burl'gton, N.J. McFeeters, S., Tower Cit3^ Dak. 

Ives, Oliver P., Decorah, la. North, Henry W.,Leonardville, 
Osborn, Sam'l, Bath, N. Y. N Y. 

Rejaiolds, C, Syracuse, N.Y. Price, D. W., Jackson, Mich. 

Baxter, Chas., Clay, '' Penoyer, Oscar, Fabius, N. Y. 

Connor, J. F., Rochester, " Perry, A. B., S3a"acuse, *' 

Daniels, S.V., Sheds Corners, Petrie, H. A., " " 

N. Y. Rickart, Wm., Manlius, " 

Eggleston, J. H., Cicero, N.Y. Smith, David, Lafaj-ette, " 

Fountain, D. C, Washington, Templeton, T.,Fayettev'le, " 

D. C. • Yerdan, Eph., Mexico, '' 

Griffin, Zeno T.. Chicago, 111. Graham, A., Canastota, " 

Ghee, Henry, DeWitt, N. Y. Wilson, Geo., New York Citv. 

Gardiner, T., Elmira, " Gilfillian, W., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Hodge, Austin, Cicero, " Lewis, Jno. M., New York City. 

Houghkirk, B. B., Toledo, la. Murray, C. N.. Collamer,N. Y. 

Hughes, T. S., Syracuse, N.Y. McMillan, M., Syracuse, '' 

Hollenbeck, M., " '' Coburn, Henry, Kirkville, " 

Co. "F." 

Moses, L., Marcellus, N. Y. Raymond, Wm. W., Marcellus, 
Pratt, Geo. W., Topeka, Kan. N. Y. 

Willman, A., Auburn, N. Y. Baker, E. Y., Marcellus, N. Y. 

Fisher, Otis L., Seneca Falls, Blanchard, C, " " 

N. Y. Burlington, B., Lawton, Mich. 

Moses, R. H., New York Cit3\ Benton, S. W., Borddino,N.Y. 

McDonald, S., Cleveland, 0. Bennett, J. G., Marcellus, " 

Davy, I.W., Skaneateles,N. Y. Barrett, Geo. A., Santa Rosa, 
Burlington, J., Lawton, Mich. Cal. 

Lawrence, J. R.,Warsaw, N.Y. Bessey, Jos., Marcellus Falls, 
Williams, J., Rochester, " N. Y. 

Rich, C. L., Marcellus F'ls, " Beach, A. W., Marcellus, N. Y. 
Kochenberger, H., Skaneateles, Clements, I. M., Cazenovia, 

N. Y. N. Y. 

Woodworth, Perry F.jSpaffbrd, Clements, E. H., Lincoln, Neb, 

N. Y. Davis, Porter. Mottville, N. Y. 



175 

Edds, Thos., Elba, N. Y. Richards, I., Marcellus, N. Y. 

Gensiver, L., Saginaw, Mich. Spenks, I.. " " 

Humphreys, R. B., Mansfield, Smith, S. S., 

Ohio. Snediker, C. S., Kansas Citj", 
Lamb, H. H. Syracuse, N.Y. Mo. 

Lee, Amos. 0., Aurelius, " Wormwood, E. H., Meridian, 
May, Amos. C, Geddes, " N. Y. 

Macuitiber, W., Watertown," Baker, E., Marcellus, X. Y. 

Morgan, H. B., Onondago, " Eggleston, C, " '• 

Norton, W., Strafford, " Black, J., Liverpool, " 

North, B. F., Marcellus, " Wright, C, Hamilton, " 

Co. "G." 

Drayton, E., Chicago, 111. Young, C. A., Jacks Reefs, N.Y. 

Wright, -M. E., Lansing, Mich. Blossom, P. A., Staten Island, 
Dunning, C, Rochester, N. Y. N. Y. 

Yan Dyke, S., Hart Lot, " Wyatt, J., Meridian, N. Y. 

Bateman, Wm., Jordan, " Bell, John, Weedsport, " 

Chittenden, G., Elbridge, " Stevens, D. W., St. Charles, 
Davis, B. :^., Dundee, Mich. N. Y. 

Doty, J. C, Jordan, N. Y. Clements, H. B., Jordan, N. Y. 

Groom, C.,Mottville, " Grant, R. J., Painted Post, " 

Hammond,W. H., Jacks Reefs, Reed, H. H., Rochester, " 

N. Y. Wyatt, H., Jackson, Mich. 

Co. "H." 

Gere, Jas. M., Belle Isle, N.Y. Elderkin, H. S., Elkhart, Lid. 

Marks, M. L., Davenport, la. Goodfellow, Bates B., Camillus, 
Wilkin, A. W., Favetteville, N. Y. 

N. Y. ^ Hatton, Theo., Chicago, 111. 

Manzer, H., Geddes, N. Y. Kill, Jno., Navarino, N. Y. 

Bingham, B. F., Washington, Knapp, M. S., Camillus, " 

D. C. Ladue, J. F., Rochester, Minn. 

Munroe, Jr., D. A., Camillus, Lockwood, C, Camillus, N. Y. 

N. Y. McCarthy, G., Liverpool, " 

Tappan, B. M., Syracuse, N.Y. McCracken, H., Belle Isle, " 

Cherry, T. R., Webster Ch., W. Milligan, T., Syracuse, '^ 

Ya. Mills, J. H., Wood River, Neb. 

Wheaton,Y. B., Camillus, N.Y. Mulroy, M., Camillus, N. Y. 

Poster, F. M., Yermontville, Peck, Homer, Lansing, Mich. 

Mich. Rilpy, F., Dayton, Ohio. 

Abrams, D. F., Alexandria,Ya. Sharp, Benj., Red Creek, N. Y. 

Boutelle, Ed. H., Tully, N. Y. Stebbins, D. W., Syracuse, '• 

Brand, Yates R., Beloit, Wis. Thompson, A., Howford, Cal. 

Brown, J. A., Plymouth, Minn. Tully, J., Belle Isle, N. Y. 

■ easier, G. H., Chicago, 111. Yoseller, H. H., Wayne, N. Y. 

Chapman, G., Camillus, N. Y. Stebbins, P., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Chappel, Henry, Pierce, Neb. YanAlstyne, B., Jeddes, " 



It6 



Co. "L' 



J) wight, J. M., Newcastle, Cal. 
Dillingham, L. A., Cold Water, 

Mich. 
Babcock, H. F., Syracuse, N.Y. 
Britton, Hiram A., " " 

Dallman, T. G., Morris Bun, Pa. 
Williams, A., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Belyea, Dan'l, Rochester, " 
Brooks, N. D., Baldwinsville, 

N. Y. 
Blake, Judson, Hartford, Conn. 
Dean, Chas., Whitehall, Mich. 
Dillingham, D. S., S3'racuse, 

N.Y. 
Devoe, G. H., San Jacinto, Cal. 
rickeis, Fred., Syracuse, N. Y. 
Fiske, Jas. M., 
Bell, Jas., Syracuse, " 

Co. 
Noah, B. K., Ellendale, Dak, 
Hines, O. W., New York City. 
Trowbridge, Sam 1, Cresco, la. 
Ball, Anthony, CoUamer, N.Y. 
Bates, Geo. C, Detroit, Mich. 
Bisbow, Chas., Onondago, N.Y. 
Button, S. S., Syracuse, N.Y. 
Davidson, J., Washington, D.C. 
Delong, Chas., CoUamer, N. Y. 
Elson, Geo., McKenzie, Dak. 
Hackett, M., Collamar, N. Y. 



GifFord, John, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Lindner, G., Buffalo, " 

Merriam, I. B., Chattanooga, 

Tenn. 
Nicholson, D., Mooer's Forks, 

N. Y. 
Nelson, Leander, Bath, N. Y 
Poole, Thos. L., Syracuse, " 
Pilger, Peter, " '' " 

Putnam, Edw., " " 

Parmenter,Chaunce3'" " 

Stewart, Chas., Geddes, " 

Tracey, 0. Y., Syracuse, " 
Williams, A. B., Rochester, " 
Tracey, W. G., Syracuse, " 
Unckless, J. A., Borodino, " 
Daniels, A. E., Camillus, " 

"K." 

Kenyon, Charles, Tully, N. Y. 
Mears, James, Cicero, " 
Moor, C. W., East Homer, " 
Smith, M., Collins' Sta., Ohio. 
Smith, Alfred R., Homer, N. Y 
Sherman, A., Skaneatelas, " 
Stebbins, Ovid, New York. 
Stebbins, M., Preble, " 
Thompson, M., Clarence, Mo. 
Thompson, Wm., Preble, N. Y. 
Leitch, Frederick, Cicero, " 




OFFICERS 

OFTHB 

REGIMENTAL SURVIVORS ASSOCIATIONS 

UURINQ THE YEAR 1888. 



23d PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS, 
(Biiney's Zouaves.) 



President. 
Colonel JOHN F. GLENN, late Colonel of Regiment. 

Vice-Presidents. 

George P. Mitchell, late Sergeant of "D" Company. 

Lieutenant-Colonel William J.. Wallace, late Lieut.-Colonel of Regiment. 

Thomas Kelly, late Private of " K" Company. 

Corref ponding Secretary. 
William J. Wray, late Private of "F" Company. 

Recording Secretary. 
Thomas I. Chadwick, late of " C" Company. 

Financial Secretary. 
Levi B. Alhertson, late Private of " R" Company. 

Treasurer. 
William H. Bantom, late Private of "G" Company. 

Chaplain. 
Rev. James G. Shinn, late Chaplain of Regiment. 

Gettysburg Monument Committee. 

Colonel John F. Glenn, William J. Wray, Thomas Kelly, 

James Spence, William H. Bantom. 

Gettysburg Re- Union and Statue Committee. 
Chairman — Colonel John F. Glenn, late Colonel of Regiment. 
Secretary — William J. Wray, late Private " F" Company. 
Treasurer — William H. Bantom, late Private." G" Company. 



178 

Colonel William J. Wallace, late Lieutenant-Oolonel of Regiment. 

Cranmer Williams, late Sergeant " D" Company. 

William J. Baker, late Corporal "E" Company. 

James J. Bolestridge, late Corporal "K" Company. 

George P. Mitchell, late Sergeant "D" Company. 

Captain James M. Craig, late " H" Company. 

Thomas Kelly, late Private "K" Company. 

Alexander Johnston, late Private "F" Company. 

Gottlieb Staiger, late Corporal !'C" Company. 

George Dougherty, late Sergeant " D" Company. 

Richard J. Miller, late Private "G" Company. 

Jas Spence, late Sergeant "H" Company. 

Member of Brigade Committee. 
William J. Wray, Philadelphia. 

Brigade Vice-President. 
Colonel John F. Glenn, Philadelphia. 



82d PENNSYLVANIA. VOLUNTEERS. 



President. 
Lieutenant-Colonel JOHN M. WETHERILL, Pottsville, Pa. 

Vice-Presidents. 

Captain Charles W^illiams, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Captain Albert Ivers, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Treasurer. 
Corporal William H. Arment, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Secret try. 
Corporal William H. Redheffer, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gettysburg Monument Committee. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John M. Wetherill, Corporal William H. Redheffier, 

Corporal William H. Arment, Captain Charles Williams, 

Captain Albert Ivers. 

Member of Brigade Committee; and Brigade Vice-President. 
Lieutenant-Colonel John M. AVetherill. 



65th NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS. 
(1st U. S. Chasseurs.) 



President. 
General JOHN COCHRANE, New York City 

Secretary and Treasurer. 
Colonel Samuel Truesdell, New York City. 



n9 

Gettysburg Monument Commidee. 

General John Coclirane, New York City, General Alexander Shaler, New 

York City, Colonel Wm. P. Roome, New York City, Major Ivan 

Tailoff, New York City. 

Member of Brigade Committee. 
Colonel Samuel Truesdell. 

Brigade Vice-President. 
Major Henry G. Healey, Washington, D. C. 



67th NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS. 

(1st Long Island.) 

Honorary President. 
General NELSON CROSS. 

President. 
Major THOMAS McKENNA MILLS 

Vice-Presidents. 

Sergeant William Reed, Colonel George W. Stillwell, 

Captain William H. Partridge, Lewis Walker. 

Secretary and Treasurer. 
James N. Mills. 

Recording Secretary. 
Joseph C. Sealey. 

Council of Administration. 
General Nelson Cross, William Reed, Charles Crowell. 



122d NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS. 
("The Twosters.") 

President. 
ALEXANDER H. HUBBS, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Vice-President. 
Captain C. W. Ostrander, Syracuse, N, Y. 

Secretary and Treasurer. 
Captain George H. Gilbert, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Gettysburg Monument and Executive Committee. 

Major Theo. L. Poole, Syracuse, N. Y., Cassius A. Weaver, Syracuse, N. Y., 

James Butler, Syracuse, N. Y., Captain Martin Ryan, Syracuse, N. 1., 

Lieutenant-Colonel O. V. Tracy, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Member of Brigade Committee. 

Captain Robert H. Moses, New York City. 

Brigade Vice-President. 

Colonel Silas Titus, Syiacuse, N. Y. 



ERRATA. 

Page 96. 1st and 7th liue from top,/o?' " Custer's*" read "Cutler's." 
" 84, 15th line from top, /or "Six hundred," read "Fourteen hundred.